WorldWideScience

Sample records for bosnia and herzegovina

  1. Autochthonous cheeses of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Zlatan Sarić; Sonja Bijeljac

    2003-01-01

    Despite the migration of people towards cities, autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina survived. Technologies of these cheeses are simple and adapted to humble mountain limitations. Geographical occasions and rich mountain pastures created a certain participation of ewe's milk cheeses. Communicative isolation of hilly-mountain regions resulted in "closed" cheese production in small households. Autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina have various origins. Different cheeses are...

  2. Assessing Microfinance: The Bosnia and Herzegovina Case

    OpenAIRE

    AnneWelle-Strand; Kristian Kjollesdal; Nick Sitter

    2010-01-01

    Microfinance is often hailed both as a tool for fighting poverty and as a tool for post-conflict reconciliation. This paper explores the use of microfinance in post-civil war Bosnia and Herzegovina, assessing its results in terms of both goals. As it combined high unemployment with a highly educated population in an institutionally open context, Bosnia and Herzegovina provides a crucial test of the effect of microfinance. If unambiguous signs of success cannot be found in a ...

  3. Bosnia and Herzegovina Financial Sector Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank; International Monetary Fund

    2015-01-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is still dealing with the aftershocks of the global financial crisis that have weakened financial sector asset quality and profitability. System-wide solvency and liquidity indicators appear broadly sound, but significant pockets of vulnerability exist among domestically-owned banks. Banking and insurance oversight have improved since the 2006 financial sector ...

  4. Assessing Microfinance: The Bosnia and Herzegovina Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AnneWelle-Strand

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Microfinance is often hailed both as a tool for fighting poverty and as atool for post-conflict reconciliation. This paper explores the use of microfinancein post-civil war Bosnia and Herzegovina, assessing its resultsin terms of both goals. As it combined high unemployment witha highly educated population in an institutionally open context, Bosniaand Herzegovina provides a crucial test of the effect of microfinance. Ifunambiguous signs of success cannot be found in a case with such favorableconditions, this would raise serious questions about the potentialbenefits of microfinance. The paper draws together evidence froma series of independent reviews of microfinance in Bosnia and Herzegovina,to assess its impact in terms of economic performance, theeconomic system, social welfare and post-conflict integration. Basedon this case study, microfinance appears a better tool for dealing withpoverty than with social integration or institution building.

  5. Territorial cohesion and regional development - case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Osmankovic, Jasmina; Rabija SOMUN

    2010-01-01

    Territorial cohesion and regional development - case of Bosnia and Herzegovina In paper we analyzed territorial cohesion and regional development in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1995 to 2010. In the context this theme we analyzed convergence and disproportional into Bosnia and Herzegovina during the postwar period. We used relevant statistical methods. We focus on demographic data and standard macroeconomic data (gross domestic product, gross domestic product per capita, employment rate, unemp...

  6. Bosnia and Herzegovina; Recent Economic Developments

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    1996-01-01

    This paper reviews economic developments in Bosnia and Herzegovina during 1990–95. It describes the monetary arrangements that have evolved in the Federation and Republika Srpska, and summarizes the financial developments. The paper provides an overview of balance-of-payments developments and the external financing requirements associated with the authorities’ priority reconstruction program. It describes the exchange rate and trade systems of the two Entities. An assessment of macroecono...

  7. Bosnia and Herzegovina Priorities Report 2013

    OpenAIRE

    OECD

    2013-01-01

    As a continuation of the 2013 SIGMA assessments and as part of a longer-term programme of work, SIGMA has identified country priorities for public administration reform (PAR) for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Priorities cover the overall PAR needs of the country, including areas which were not covered by the assessments. Priorities in areas outside the scope of SIGMA assessments are based on other analytical sources and SIGMA’s practical experience of working with the country. SIGMA proposes priori...

  8. Breastfeeding practice in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Darinka Šumanović-Glamuzina

    2013-01-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the new countries established after the break up of the former Yugoslavia. One of the unfortunate legacies of this country due to the 1992-1994 war is the destruction of human and material resources. Despite many negative events, steady progress can be seen in social, technological and cultural aspects of life. According to the global public health recommendation, infants should be breastfed for the first six months of life to achieve optimal growth, health an...

  9. Bosnia and Herzegovina : Country Economic Memorandum

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2005-01-01

    This Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) takes stock of economic developments in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) since the end of the 1995 war, and, discusses potential sources of high, sustained growth that BH could exploit, as European Union integration advances. The report formulates policy recommendations that would help maximize the potential of the country's economy to achieve higher real GDP growth, and increased job generation. In doing so, the CEM focuses on four priority policy areas: mac...

  10. Current Economic Situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Goran Mirascic

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article provides an overview of the current economic situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Beginning in the second half of 2008, macroeconomic conditions in B&H began precipitating a decline in economic activity. While the global financial crisis was among the factors contributing to this decline, it was far from the only factor. Problematic macroeconomic conditions were also a result of B&H’s own structural and political problems, caused largely by the shortcomings of a political entity comprising two autonomous entities. Due to such problems, the governments of B&H turned to the International Monetary Fund for assistance. This article analyzes the effects of the first two “stand by” arrangements made between the IMF and B&H and discusses implications for further, ongoing stand by arrangements made between the IMF and B&H. This paper also examines the lack of unified economic space between The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and The Republic of Srpska, which has resulted not only in ineffective monetary policy but also in different fiscal and taxation systems between the two entities. While various existing analyses claim that B&H has little hope of resolving its economic woes due to its current political and economic structure, this article offers solutions and measures that, if successfully implemented, would lead to more efficient recovery and self-sustainable economic growth.

  11. Breastfeeding practice in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Darinka Šumanović-Glamuzina

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the new countries established after the break up of the former Yugoslavia. One of the unfortunate legacies of this country due to the 1992-1994 war is the destruction of human and material resources. Despite many negative events, steady progress can be seen in social, technological and cultural aspects of life. According to the global public health recommendation, infants should be breastfed for the first six months of life to achieve optimal growth, health and development. Therefore, to meet their evolving nutritional requirements, infants should receive nutritionally adequate and safe food, with Breastfeeding (BF extended up to and beyond two years of age. In Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H majority of mothers (estimated at 95% have initiated breastfeeding. However, Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF is not commonly practiced, and BF ceases by the age of five months. After 1995, a number of programs were introduced by WHO and UNICEF in B&H with a primary goal to ensure that babies were given a healthy start in life. Through implementation of Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI, enabling exact public health survey – the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS, it would be possible to create comparable health indicators and make a step forward to promote and support breastfeeding practice as the best option for infants.

  12. Phillips and Wage Curves: Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Edo Omerčević

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is an empirical examination of the existence and characteristics of the Phillips curve and the wage curve in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The findings indicate that there is no evidence of the existence of the short-term Phillips curve. Instead, the data suggests that in the short-term an increase in inflation leads to an increase in unemployment. The estimated wage curves indicate that only increases in real payment increase employment. The conclusion of this study is that increases in inflation might have a negative short-term impact on the level of employment in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  13. Genocide, Nuptiality, and Fertility in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Staveteig, Sarah Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    How does exposure to genocide affect nuptiality and fertility among the surviving population? Genocides in Rwanda and in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the early 1990s caused high levels of population displacement, trauma, and death, along with a dramatic decline in the standard of living. In Rwanda, genocide also reduced the sex ratio of the marriage-aged population, while in Bosnia, despite the high proportion of male casualties, the overall sex ratio of the marriage-age population did not decline s...

  14. Contemporary Development Of Creative Industries In Bosnia And Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Nurković Rahman

    2015-01-01

    The article consists of three basic parts. In the first, the concept of post-socialist urban settlements and the position of creative industries in them are presented. In the second, examples of the development of creative actions of cities are given. In the third, the role of local policy in the development of new creative industries in Bosnia and Herzegovina is critically analysed, emphasising some of its shortcomings and drawing up recommendations for future policy measures. In Bosnia and ...

  15. Managing the return of refugees to Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Richard Jacquot

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available In the early stage of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a difficult debate took place between the European governments, UNHCE, ICRC and other organisations regarding the fate of those displaced by the war. Finally the European nations reluctantly agreed to provide refuge but they warned that the refugees would have to return to Bosnia as soon as the war ended. The return of refugees planned for the coming years will be difficult for several reasons.

  16. Czechs in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their social activities

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uherek, Zdeněk; Plochová, Kateřina

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 23, č. 1 (2005), s. 136-150. ISSN 1054-4720 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) KSK9058117 Keywords : Ethnic relations * Social anthropology * Bosnia and Herzegovina Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  17. COST OF FEBRILE NEUTROPENIA TREATMENT IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catic, Tarik; Mekic-Abazovic, Alma; Sulejmanovic, Samra

    2016-01-01

    Febrile neutropenia is common chemotherapy complication significantly impacting patient’s outcomes, quality of life and costs, too. Febrile neutropenia (FN) often leads to hospitalization, the need for intravenous antibiotics and use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (GCSF) in order to avoid its complications. Cost of febrile neutropenia is well described in literature, but no study has been performed in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We have conducted observational cohort study with aim to describe and present costs of FN treatment from payers’ (provider’s) perspective. Only direct medical costs from one middle-sized oncology Clinic in Bosnia and Herzegovina database have been included and presented. We found that overall cost in five months period (January-May 2015) were almost 30.000 euros, or 1.0035 euro per episode/patient in average. The highest cost are allocated to hospitalization (40%), followed by GCSF (36%), while rest of costs are generated by laboratory tests performed and drug application. Proportion of costs is in line with other published studies even with huge differences in absolute values, mainly to low prices of services in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This was the first study on costs of chemotherapy induced FN in Bosnia and Herzegovina suggesting that significant costs are inquired by this conditions and that further research should be performed including larger patient population and other clinical oncology data, including pharmacoeconomic analysis.

  18. Bosnia and Herzegovina: From Military Conflict to Political Deadlock

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    Maja Ruzic

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article engages in the ongoing debate about the overall value of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (GFAP, which is one of the most challenging issues in the contemporary peace studies scholarship. In order to support scholars who argue that the constitutional framework for the state-building process in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH offered through Dayton peace agreement did not contribute to the sustainability of the desired concept of ‘one Bosnia and Herzegovina,’ the article analyses the mediation process towards ending the war, the peace settlement and the long-term consequences of the reached compromises. In the end article concludes that the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina could be classified as an artificial agreement, considering that the international community still plays a role of mediator in what can be described as a “continuation of war by other means.”

  19. Territorial cohesion and regional development ‚Äí case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Jasmina Osmankovic; Rabija Somun

    2011-01-01

    Territorial cohesion and regional development ‚Äí case of Bosnia and Herzegovina In paper we analyzed territorial cohesion and regional development in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1995 to 2010. In the context this theme we analyzed convergence and disproportional into Bosnia and Herzegovina during the postwar period. We used relevant statistical methods. We focus on demographic data and standard macroeconomic data (gross domestic product, gross domestic product per capita, employment rate, u...

  20. Potential Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources for Electicity Generation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Fajik Begić; Anes Kazagić

    2005-01-01

    Along with the current processes of restructuring of Energy power system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, liberalisation of the electricity market, and modernisation of the existing power plants, Bosnia and Herzegovina must turn to the utilisation of renewable resources in reasonable dynamics as well. Respecting this policy, the initial evaluation of the potential of renewable energy resources in Bosnia and Herzegovina is performed. The methodology of evaluation of wind energy utilisation is presen...

  1. Croatian pretensions to Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1848

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    Krestić Vasilije Đ.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the early 1860s many Croat politicians, both prominent (from Ante Starčević and Ante Pavelić to Franjo Tudjman and little known, have been openly expressing the ambition to annex Bosnia and Herzegovina to Croatia at a favourable moment and under certain conditions, invoking Croatian state and historical right in support of their pretensions. These pretensions, born out of the belief that the unfortunately shaped territory of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia lacks the necessary strategic depth, have led to a fully-fledged strategy for creating an ethnically and religiously pure Greater Croatia and to constant conflict with the Serb side which also lays claims, predominantly ethnic, to Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  2. Contemporary Development Of Creative Industries In Bosnia And Herzegovina

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    Nurković Rahman

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article consists of three basic parts. In the first, the concept of post-socialist urban settlements and the position of creative industries in them are presented. In the second, examples of the development of creative actions of cities are given. In the third, the role of local policy in the development of new creative industries in Bosnia and Herzegovina is critically analysed, emphasising some of its shortcomings and drawing up recommendations for future policy measures. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, contemporary ideas of the development of the creative industries started to develop at the end of 2001 with the use of the technology of the developed countries of the world.

  3. Social Networks in Medical Education in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet; Sivic, Suad; Pandza, Haris

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Beginning with the late twentieth and early twenty-first century, the Internet was a significant additional tool in the education of teenagers. Later, it takes more and more significant role in educating students and professionals. Goal: The aim of this paper is to investigate, to what extent and how effectively the Internet is used today by students of biomedical faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, more specifically, this paper will research the implications of th...

  4. Characteristics of Travellers from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Obradovic, Zarema; Obradovic, Amina

    2013-01-01

    Conflict of interest: none declared. Introduction Travellers from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) travel to different world countries. The awareness of people is changing every day and nowadays travellers seek advices related to their travel and destination more often than before. In the previous years, travellers came to Travel Clinics almost only to get the vaccines which were obligatory for entry into a country. In B&H travel clinics are a part of public health institutes. The largest Travel ...

  5. PROLEGOMENA TO INTELLIGENCE STUDIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Maid Pajević

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of the academic field of inquiry known as intelligence studies. After noting the historical and global context, the paper observes at the development of intelligence studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It argues that for intelligence studies discipline to make advancements like those seen in other academic disciplines, it needs to adhere to the scientific method of inquiry, which is, after all, the hallmark of scholarly inquires.

  6. A Short History of Medical Informatics in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet

    2014-01-01

    The health informatics profession in Bosnia and Herzegovina has relatively long history. Thirty five years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data, thirty years from the establishment of Society for Medical Informatics BiH, twenty years from the establishment of the Scientific journal “Acta Informatica Medica (Acta Inform Med”, indexed in PubMed, PubMed Central Scopus, Embase, etc.), twenty years on from the establishment of the first Cathedra for Medical Informatics...

  7. Education of medical biochemists in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winterhalter-Jadrić, Mira; Causević, Adlija; Jadrić, Radivoj; Corić, Jozo; Hasić, Sabaheta; Kiseljaković, Emina

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we would like to briefly introduce readers to the situation in the field of laboratory medicine in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a focus on training in the field of medical biochemistry. As in some of neighboring countries, term Medical biochemist is the usual name for the Clinical biochemist or Clinical chemist in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Despite the difficult period through which the profession had passed in the last two decades, laboratory work, particularly clinical biochemistry, has managed to retain the necessary quality and keep pace with the developed world. In post war period, Society of Medical Biochemists of Bosnia and Herzegovina held regular meetings each year as a part of "life long learning" process, where both scientific and vocational lecturers presented their work. A single law on the state level would provide us with more defined and precise answers, such as: who can get a specialization, how long should last the training for medical biochemistry specialists (duration in years). This law should be in consent with the program described in EC4 or other documents given by the EFCC (European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine) and IFCC (International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine). PMID:22141200

  8. Transition and Multifunctional Agriculture in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Ferhat Cejvanovic; Bahrija Umihanic; Kadrija Hodžic; Meldina Kokorovic Jukan

    2012-01-01

    In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H) modern agricultural household is developing slowly and it is not on the satisfying level. Main feature of FB&H agriculture in the future will be based on small and mid-sized agricultural households. Elements of production diversity and extensively will be kept for a while with relatively higher number of people in rural areas. This can be achieved by modern forms of ruralization or neo-ruralization which can be used as possible theoretical re...

  9. Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Starting Their Own Business

    OpenAIRE

    Munira Sestic

    2009-01-01

    This paper gives a comparative overview of the increased willingness of women in Bosnia and Herzegovina to start their own business, on a turnover from the 20th in the 21st century. There are presented the current state of unemployment of women, as well as their educational structure depending whether or not they are ready to start their own business. Alongside there are results of target researches, which lists the reasons why a number of women are not ready to start your own business.

  10. CROATIA’S ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE FUTURE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Erkan Ilgün

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Whenever a country joins European Union, there are some effects, which not only change the game for entering country but also for third non member countries. The foremost objective of this paper is to examine the possible effects of Croatian joining the European Union on the foreign trade between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The core assumption is that Croatian accession to the EU has negative effects on the trade between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina because Croatia is not giving preferential treatment to BH market. To maintain its export market share in the Croatian market, Bosnia and Herzegovina has to show high level of competitiveness.

  11. Sustainable tourism chance for development Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Lugonja Aleksandar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina is reach in many resources such as geographical position, climate, nature. Neither its government nor its people realize the huge potential and possible benefits that tourism can bring about helping them to prosper economically. Tourism is playing more and more important role in national and local economies. There is no evidence that this trend will decline. Visitors can significantly contribute to the local and national economy and the economic multiplier effect of this spend, in turn, supports employment and secondary tourist facilities. Similarly, in the determination of future proposals that could impact on the setting, character and appearance of its potentials, special care is needed by planners and promoters to assess its potential. The key to the sustainable approach to tourism and the cultural heritage is the preparation of appropriate master plan that takes into account the identified overall effects in order to guide the course of development in a way that protects those very resources that attract visitors and that does not cause in the short, medium and long term any reduction in their character or appearance. In the present tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is at a low level of development and international competitiveness, but according to projections UNWTO, and in accordance with the "Vision for Tourism to 2020 years", should that become a strategic economic sector in the coming period which will contribute to economic prosperity, economic growth and development of national economy.

  12. Characteristics of Patients Involved in Psychotherapy in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Sabina Alispahić

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of Bosnian and Herzegovinian patients involved in psychotherapeutic treatments in order to explore the current situation of psychotherapy in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: The study included 213 patients (154 women and 47 men undergoing diverse psychotherapeutic treatments. Data about demographic and clinical characteristics were collected by questionnaire. Following characteristics were documented: age, sex, education, employment status, marital status, specific problem that got the client involved in psychotherapy, type of psychotherapy, and use of psychopharmacology.Results: Majority of the patients undergoing psychotherapy are age up to 40 and female. They are by vast majority holding a university degree and are employed. Nearly equal number of patients is living in partnership or marriage compared to single or never been married. Most frequent reasons for getting involved in the psychotherapy treatment are of the intrapersonal nature (depression, anxiety and panic attacks. Majority of the patients were involved in gestalt and cognitive behavioral psychotherapy, and at the same time majority of those were not prescribed medicaments.Conclusions: We point out and overview some of the most prominent socio-demographic traits of patients undergoing psychotherapy, the ones that could be important in the future research with the higher degree of control. In the terms of personal initiative, psychotherapy stops being a taboo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, there is still a long path until it reaches integration in daily life of the people.

  13. POSITION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA ON THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET

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    Dijana Grahovac

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Intensification of internationaltrade forced states to address the foreign policyissues in the field of international economiccooperation. In contemporary world economy andimpacts of globalization, trade should be the engineof economic development. The national economy islosing, in exchange for a higher standard. This is,of course, in planetary terms, and every state andeconomy is to fight for its position in theinternational market. How to use the modern trendsof the global economy for the economicdevelopment of Bosnia and Herzegovina? Successis possible only by a combination of opportunitiesoffered by global markets, and strategy of nationaleconomic policy for achieving macroeconomicstability by strengthening the factors of economicgrowth based on the growth of production forexport. Issues related to foreign trade deficitrequire creating an institutional environment fordiversified and competitive export sector, throughthe process of the structural reforms and marketliberalization. The authorities in Bosnia andHerzegovina must act through foreign trade andmacroeconomic policies in the country towardseconomic growth, price stability, to reduce thetrade deficit and revive the economy, whosesubjects will be able to know and equallyparticipate in market competition within the EU.Within the foreign policy great emphasis should beplaced on avoiding or at least mitigating thenegative effects of trade liberalization process, aswell as the compulsory process. Liberalizationincreases the gap between the rich and the poor,and certainly it can be transmitted on a globallevel, where there is always a possibility that theglobal open trade marginalizes each state.

  14. Analysis of Cystic Fibrosis in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selimovic, Amina; Mujicic, Ermina; Milisic, Selma; Mesihovic-Dinarevic, Senka; Dzinovic, Amra; Cengic, Selma; Bakalovic, Ganimeta; Moro, Mahir; Djozic, Meliha; Lukic-Bilela, Lada

    2015-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study is to present the first total number of tested children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the number of children with positive sweat test. During the study we determined the number of ill children, the median age of children with cystic fibrosis, date of initial diagnosis, an average amount of chloride in the sweat. Material and methods: The study was a retrospective, conducted at the Department of Pulmonology Pediatric Clinic of University Clinical Center of Sarajevo. Results: In the period from March 2003 to December 2014, we have tested 625 children. 351 child were from Sarajevo Canton and 272 children from other cantons. Female children were more affected then male children, in the ratio of 1: 1,105. An average age of female children was 4.19±4.26 years, and the male 2.15±3.11 years. The median concentration of chloride in the sweat measured by sweat test was for male children 103.05±21.29 mmol/L, and for the female children 96.05±28.85 mmol/L. Conclusion: Most of children in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina have ∆F508 gene mutation. In the post-war period we started to use a sweat test. Male children tend to live longer than female children with CF. PMID:26543305

  15. Prevalence of Mental and Social Disorders in Adults Attending Primary Care Centers in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Broers, Teresa; Hodgetts, Geoffrey; Batić-Mujanović, Olivera; Petrović, Verica; Hasanagić, Melida; Godwin, Marshall

    2006-01-01

    Aim: To determine the prevalence of mental and social disorders in adults who attend primary care health centers in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Methods: Sixty-nine family physicians from the Primary Care Research Network in Bosnia and Herzegovina each invited 20 randomly selected patients from their practices to complete the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), which consists of 26-58 questions about symptoms and signs of depression, anxiety, somatization disorder, eating disorders, and alcohol...

  16. Assessing Credit Default using Logistic Regression and Multiple Discriminant Analysis: Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Deni Memić

    2015-01-01

    This article has an aim to assess credit default prediction on the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina nationwide as well as on its constitutional entities (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska). Ability to classify companies info different predefined groups or finding an appropriate tool which would replace human assessment in classifying companies into good and bad buckets has been one of the main interests on risk management researchers for a long time. We investi...

  17. Segregated Education and Texts: a Challenge to Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Torsti, Pilvi

    2009-01-01

    The article addresses the post-war education with special emphasis on history education in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the twelve years before 2007. The focus is on the efforts of the international community. While there have been numerous attempts to address the segregation of education and to change hatred-spreading history textbooks, the results have been modest. The inconvenient truth of post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina remains: segregation in educa...

  18. Enhancing entrepreneurship development in Bosnia and Herzegovina through adequate governmental financial support

    OpenAIRE

    Umihanić, Bahrija; Đonlagić, Sabina; Piplica, Damir

    2016-01-01

    Entrepreneurship and SME sector is extremely important for general economic development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In order to enhance further development of the SME sector adequate sources of financing for businesses need to be available and accessible. Entrepreneurs and owners of small and medium businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina are facing certain challenges in obtaining finances. The issue of accessing sources of finance for SMEs in this country has remained problematic for years. Many...

  19. COMPETITIVENESS OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA – COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

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    Jelena Mićić

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Competitiveness or market competition is the basic regulatory mechanism of the market. Today, some economic theorists propose that the competitiveness actually measures the wealth of a society in another way, so it is very important that it contributes to innovation, improvement of the business and overall economic growth. Bosnia and Herzegovina is located close to the very bottom of the European countries according to the competitiveness of its economy. Occasionally it is possible to notice positive changes, but unfortunately they were not strong enough or continuous for achieving economic development or improving living standard. Benchmark analysis of competitiveness deepened the view of the overall movement of the BiH competitiveness and its key factors, as well as the comparison with the selected reference countries. So, the competitiveness of our economy in the period 2007-2015 is the main topic of this paper, with the basic hypothesis that BiH has a positive trend in competitiveness relative to comparable countries in the reporting period. The aim of the research is to determine the conditions, trends and underlying determinants of competitiveness of Bosnia and Herzegovina and state of our competitiveness in relation to comparative economies. Through application of standard scientific methodology, particularly methods of statistical analysis, we came to results that show that BiH economy had significant growth of competitiveness in most observed indicators, with minor variations in the period 2007-2014, while the level of variability in 2015 was so huge that we have been excluded from the Global Competitiveness Report for 2014-2015 year of the World Economic Forum. Although our country generally exhibits the lower performance than the comparative countries it is possible to perceive areas where we have strengths and potentials. The fact that the World Economic Forum, for the first time, has omitted Bosnia and Herzegovina from the Global

  20. Efficiency of dental health care in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Šejla Cilović Lagarija; Mediha Selimović-Dragaš

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Despite the great improvements in the oral health status of the population across the world, oral diseases remains a major public health issue connected with a lost of numerous school days for childrenand absenteeism from work in adults. This effect is particularly evident in low and middle income countries as Bosnia and Herzegovina. This retrospective study presents the effi ciency of dental health carein Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina measured by number of visits and per...

  1. HOW TO ENCOURAGE THE FINANCING OF INFRASTRUCTURE BUILDING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA?

    OpenAIRE

    Zeljko Maric

    2010-01-01

    Within the context of WEF competitiveness measurement for 2009/10, Bosnia and Herzegovina was the worst evaluated country in the region of Southeast Europe. The infrastructure quality, as one of the basic requirements, has had the lowest rank and it is one of the main reasons for very low competitiveness in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It means that the one of the main ways for competitiveness increment is investing into infrastructure building. This paper analyses which financing way for infrastr...

  2. Strategic Marketing Management of Ski-Resorts in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Competitive Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Nedzma Begic; Teoman Duman

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze competitive positions of five ski resorts in Bosnia and Herzegovina using Porter’s generic competitive strategies. Bosnia and Herzegovina is rich with winter tourism opportunities and as a developing country it offers different customer groups more services in time. Managements of ski resorts in the country are looking for ways to strategically position their services to appeal more suitable customer bases. The results of qualitative analysis show that ...

  3. The Jubilee of Medical Informatics in Bosnia and Herzegovina - 20 Years Anniversary

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet

    2009-01-01

    CONFLICT OF INTEREST: NONE DECLARED Last two years, the health informatics profession celebrated five jubilees in Bosnia and Herzegovina: thirty years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data, twenty years from the establishment of Society for Medical Informatics BiH, fifteen years from the establishment of the Scientific and Professional Journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia and Herzegovina „Acta Informatica Medica“, fifteen years on from the estab...

  4. Analysis of IPTV Channels Watching Preferences in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Orucevic

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available IPTV service is a new service which is today offered from almost every Telecom operator. One of the advantages of IPTV service stemming from its architecture is certainly the fact that it is very easy to measure what TV channels are the ones mostly watched. This papers desribes this measurement and analysis results in one Telecom operator in Bosnia and Herzegovina. They describe what TV channels are mostly watched in different time periods. We developed a simple weighting algorithm to order the channels by watching rate. Based on it we are providing extensive tables. This paper forms an industrial contribution with results important for marketing but also is scientific contribution because it introduces one new method of scoring TV channels based on previous measurements in their audience. We also developed IPTV Statistics model and described results from this research for a new statistics model. This paper is the continuous of previously published contributions from this area.

  5. ERAWATCH Country Reports 2013: Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    ERGARAC Zoran

    2014-01-01

    The Analytical Country Reports analyse and assess in a structured manner the evolution of the national policy research and innovation in the perspective of the wider EU strategy and goals, with a particular focus on the performance of the national research and innovation (R&I) system, their broader policy mix and governance. The 2013 edition of the Country Reports highlight national policy and system developments occurring since late 2012 and assess, through dedicated sections: -Nationa...

  6. Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Renewable energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-01-15

    The Agency for International Business and Cooperation of the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs (EVD) has contracted Larive Serbia to conduct a market survey about Western Balkan's Renewable Energy market, with attention limited to Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. After the survey has been conducted according to the ToR No 80MVK13 published by EVD, Larive Serbia presents this market study as the summary of the results obtained by the survey. The survey was intended to identify the market of the four sources of renewable energy (wind energy, bio energy, hydro energy and thermal energy) in Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and derive concrete business opportunities and prospects for Dutch trade and industry. Favorable terms for providing consultancy and engineering services, as well as production of the equipment used in the renewable energy sector were also to be identified. Specific development potential of each country included in the survey was to be provided as a mean of support to possible future market players originating from the Netherlands. Cross-border projects undertaken among the three countries themselves and with neighboring countries were to be included as well. The methodology used for preparing the study included gathering information from public sources, drafting primary version of the study and hypothesis, conducting in-depth interviews, and drafting the final version of the study and supporting hypothesis. As defined in the ToR of the study, first generation bio-fuels have not been included in the scope. In order to present situation in the RES sector objectively, investments based on these were mentioned. The statistical data were used to support and clarify the written information provided. Comparable and reliable data on the renewable energy sources for Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina are rather scarce, while methodologies applied in national statistics are not in line with EUROSTAT. Additionally, international

  7. Victims, civil society and transitional justice in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humphrey Michael

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The role of victim organizations in the transitional justice process is examined in postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. These organizations emerged in the context of the top-down accountability agenda driven by the international crisis intervention in the Balkan wars and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY. By contrast, in Latin America victim organizations emerged as a self-conscious movements of individuals galvanized by their traumatic experience of state repression and demanding accountability from the bottom-up. In BiH accountability became a condition for re-establishing state political and legal authority but also international financing for reconstruction and progress towards EU accession. Victim organizations were part of the NGO sector which grew rapidly in response to the neoliberal governance model of selforganizing civil society to transform post-socialist and postwar BiH. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs, run largely by professional middle class displaced from careers in the downsized state bureaucracy, became intermediaries between external donors and war affected populations. Victim organizations participated in the transitional justice process by supporting victims/witnesses in international and national prosecutions, tracing the missing persons and supporting the right of return of displaced populations. In BiH, victims’ organizations did not emerge as social movements advocating for citizenship and social justice, but became incorporated in the neoliberal governance model, sponsored by international agendas for stabilization, democratization and EU accession.

  8. PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhidin MULALIC

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The role of higher education is vital in successful functioning of a state, especially of post-conflict states, such as that of Bosnia-Herzegovina, that are in the process of peace-building, state-building and nation-building. Therefore, this paper deals with prospects and challenges of private higher education in Bosnia-Herzegovina. In order to put in the perspective private higher education, the author examines its possible role in bringing about economic development, political stability and education development. The author uses ethnographic research methodology, written sources and international and local education reports. Thorough analysis of the relationship between, on one side private higher education and, on the other side, economic development, political stability and education development indicate necessity for the greater role of private higher education in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

  9. PERSPECTIVES OF BASEL III: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emira Kozarević

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The latest Basel Accord, which relies on the New Capital Accord (i.e. Basel II and whose basic goals have been, from a normative standpoint, enhancing the banking sector’s ability to absorb the losses arising from economic distresses like the global financial crisis (2007-2009, improving risk management and governance, and strengthening the bank's transparency and disclosures, operationally emphasises the need to improve the quality and quantity of capital components, liquidity standards, and leverage ratio. The implementation of the Accord in developed economies started at the beginning of 2013 and the overall transition period from the Basel II framework should end by the year 2019. But as far as emerging economies are concerned, there are several issues on the road of implementation, such as necessary (technical skills and expertise of bank staff as well as their supervisory institutions, sophisticated internal rating mechanisms and capacity, significant amount of new information and recordkeeping, etc. This paper discusses real and potential effects of Basel III in both developed and emerging economies. A special emphasis is given to the banking sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina

  10. Is Prevention of Glaucoma Possible in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terzic, Svjetlana; Jusufovic, Vahid; Vodencarevic, Amra Nadarevic; Asceric, Mensura; Pilavdzic, Adisa; Halilbasic, Meliha; Terzic, Amar

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the world and represents a significant social and health problem. Early detection of glaucoma enables early initiation of treatment and may delay disease progression. The aim of this work is to determine whether it is possible to detect glaucoma in early stages. Methods: A public awareness campaign was carried out in University Clinic Center (UCC) in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) during 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 Glaucoma Week, with one-day, free of charge screening of individuals. This screening program was composed of getting brief medical history, slit-lamp examination including intraocular pressure and anterior chamber dept evaluation and non-mydriatic fundus exam with evaluation of the cup/disk ration. Results: A total of 682 individuals were screened, 277 were male and 405 were female. The youngest individual was 8 years old and the oldest individual was 84 years old. The mean age was 57.6 years. Intraocular pressure higher then 21,9 mmHg was found in 83 patients. Conclusion: Glaucoma is a disease that affects visual acuity and gradually leads to blindness. It occurs in all age groups in both sexes and in all races. Early detection of disease and proper treatment can prevent permanent loss of vision. Detection and early treatment of glaucoma must become one of the leading public health programs in B&H. PMID:27147791

  11. Patients perception of community pharmacist in bosnia and herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catic, Tarik; Jusufovic, Fatima Insanic; Tabakovic, Vedad

    2013-01-01

    Community pharmacists play a significant role in patient/disease management and perception by patients is increasingly important. A self-administered questionnaire was developed consisted of sociodemographic part and 15 questions. Patients have a positive overall perception of community pharmacists that is comparable to most studies in Europe. Community pharmacists' beyond dispensing drugs play a significant role in patient and disease management. This role of the pharmacist is performed through pharmaceutical care. Patient's opinion is increasingly considered to be a useful component in the determination of care outcomes and consumer satisfaction is an integral component of the quality of primary health care. For the purpose of this study we developed self-administered questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic part, and 15 questions. Survey has been conducted in 10 pharmacies. Results are presented in tables and figures and descriptive statistics has been used. We found that patients in Bosnia and Herzegovina have a positive overall perception of community pharmacists and of the services offered from community pharmacies that is comparable to most studies in Europe, but there is still room for improvement of relationships and pharmaceutical services. PMID:24167438

  12. MIDDLE TRIASSIC AUTOCLASTIC DEPOSITS FROM SOUTHWESTERN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duje Smirčić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Middle Triassic volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks have been recognized at several localities near Bosansko Grahovo, in southwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the External Dinarides. Peculiar types of autoclastic rocks were investigated. These are peperites and hyaloclastites. Regarding specific structures, mineral composition and micropetrographic characteristics it was possible to further differentiate hyaloclastites into in situ hyaloclastites and slightly resedimented hyaloclastites that represent genetic succession. All rock types occurred in a deep sea troughs that formed as a consequence of Middle Triassic extensional tectonic and rift related wrench faulting. In situ hyaloclastites and slightly resedimented hyaloclastites were formed due to quenching at the contact of lava effusions with sea water. Genesis of peperites is related to lava emplacement in unconsolidated water saturated lime mudstones that were deposited in deep sea basin. All investigated rock types represent first findings of autoclastic deposits in the External Dinarides. Biostratigraphic constraints achieved by means of conodont species Neogondolella excentrica, Paragondolella excelsa, Paragondolella trammeri and Gladigondolella tethydis indicate Late Anisian to Early Ladinian interval of the autoclastic deposits from Bosansko Grahovo.

  13. Occupational exposure doses in interventional procedures in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monitoring of occupationally exposed workers in Bosnia and Herzegovina started in 1960's and it was interrupted in 1992. Dosimetry service resumed in 1999 when the International Atomic Energy Agency provided Radiation Protection Centre with Harshaw 4500 Thermoluminescence dosemeter (TLD)-reader and the first set of TLDs. The highest doses are received by professionals working in interventional procedures (radiology, cardiology, gastroenterohepatology etc.). Number of these procedures is increasing each year (just in cardiology this increase is 24 % per year). Results from two TLDs are used to estimate effective dose. One is worn under the apron (chest level), and the other above (neck level). Calculation is performed using Niklason's methodology. Total number of occupationally exposed persons in interventional radiology is 90. The collective dose they receive is 67 person mSv, while the mean dose is 0.77 mSv (based on 12-month period). Highest doses are received by physicians (3.7 mSv), while radiographers and nurses receive 2.1 and 1.9 mSv respectively. This occurs due to the fact that physicians stand closer to the source (patient). The lead apron is proven to be the most efficient radiation protection equipment, but, also, lead thyroid shield and glasses can significantly lower doses received by professionals. The use of this equipment is highly recommended. (authors)

  14. War waste and pollution of karstic area of Bosnia and Herzegovina with PCBs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Picer, N.; Hodak-Kobasic, V.; Kovac, T.; Calic, V. [Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia); Miosic, N.; Hrvatovic, H. [Geological Survey, Sarajevo (Yugoslavia)

    2004-09-15

    During the recent war, the karst area of Bosnia and Herzegovina has been jeopardized by hazardous waste and deserves particular attention because of its exceptional ecological sensitivity and unfortunately unscrupulous destruction of natural resources, infrastructure, homes and enterprises. This was the reason for creation and planning of a joint three year Project - APOPSBAL, within which scientists from the jeopardized countries (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia and Montenegro) with the help of scientists from other friendly countries (Czech Republic, Austria, Slovenia and Greece) would identify the real problems concerning the PCB and other POP's contamination of the environment. Objectives of this Project in Bosnia and Herzegovina are: To collect data about damaged facilities with oil with PCBs and also other even more dangerous POPs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Much better determining the hydrogeological fate of PCBs and other POPs compounds in the most threatened areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina polluted with the POPs. Special emphasis will be paid for the sensitive karstic media of these areas. To recognize in the field directly the technical state of electrotransformers and capacitors with pyralene with special attention to spilling of this oil into the environment. To sample soil and sediments from the sites thought polluted with PCBs and to analyse themselves on its content. To choose several sites for atmospheric monitoring samples with POPs, which are in surroundings to the ground argumentative contaminated with POPs in Bosnia and Herzegovina to establish real data about level of contamination of this very important part of human ecosphere. In this paper it will be reported the results of investigation from the first to the fourth objectives.

  15. Most recent investigation of peopling of Bosnia and Herzegovina: DNA approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Marjanović

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Many historical episodes marked Bosnia and Herzegovina as a significant ethnic crossroads, which makes it a very interesting site for various population studies. The first stages of these complex investigations were based on observations of numerous phenotype markers. The following phase, which was relatively brief, was dominated by the use of different cytogenetic markers. Finally, at the beginning of this century, the molecular-genetic diversity of the BiH population became the focus of modern research. Autosomal and Y-STR markers, together with mitochondrial haplogroup (Hg diversity were initially used in the examination of isolated groups, as well as the whole population of modern Bosnia and Herzegovina. The most recent study describes the distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroups in the three main ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and suggests a preliminary hypothesis for the process of peopling this area.

  16. Perceptions towards IT Security in Online Banking: Croatian Clients vs. Clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedim Makarevic

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has been completed with a purpose to analyze and compare perceptions of clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina and those of Croatian clients about IT security in online banking, to provide insight into similarities and differences of their view points and to create important set of information for all subjects active in banking industry. Once the survey based on six variables and specific questions assigned to each one of those variables was prepared, results regarding both countries were collected and concluded. Survey was completed in both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia at high response rates. Even 207 respondents replied from Bosnia and Herzegovina, while 203 respondents completed survey from Croatia. Results were analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics. Results indicated that Croatian e-banking users trust to banks when it comes to IT security of online banking much more compared to clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is important to mention that clients of Croatia perceive tangible features as highly significant while Bosnian clients do not perceive tangible features that much important. This proved that Croatian clients are aware of potential security threats and they know their part of responsibility when it comes to handling money online. On the other hand, results from Bosnia and Herzegovina indicated that Bosnian clients have lack of trust in online banking, and lack of awareness about personal tangible aspects that can improve security of personal online banking experience. The main limitation of this study is relatively small sample and too generic approach. Therefore, this study may be perceived as a pilot study for future researchers. The study’s results may be of interest to marketers and managers of banks operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia to learn more about their clients’ perceptions towards their e-banking services.

  17. Intergenerational Transmission of Traumatic Experience in the Families of War Survivors from Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Yordanova, K. G.

    2014-01-01

    This thesis examines the transmission of traumatic war experiences from parents to their children in present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. By interdisciplinary welding of psychoanalysis and anthropology, the thesis demonstrates that the experiences of the Bosnian-Herzegovina war (1992-1995) are recalled incoherently and are unsymbolized by the survivor parents. As such they are transmitted to the second generation as ungraspable fragments. The thesis suggests in detail how this transmission ope...

  18. How to encourage the financing of infrastructure building in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeljko Maric

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Within the context of WEF competitiveness measurement for 2009/10, Bosnia and Herzegovina was the worst evaluated country in the region of Southeast Europe. The infrastructure quality, as one of the basic requirements, has had the lowest rank and it is one of the main reasons for very low B&H competitiveness. It means that the one of the main ways for competitiveness increment is investing into infrastructure building. This paper analyses which financing way for infrastructure building is optimal in the conditions of political and economical situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  19. The Current Status of Religious Coexistence and Education in Bosnia and Herzegovina. USIPeace Briefing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuebner, Renata

    2009-01-01

    Despite 15 years of sporadic efforts, religion today in Bosnia and Herzegovina is more of a hindrance than a help to promoting peaceful coexistence among the region's various ethnic and religious groups. Polarization and extremism make religions other than one's own even more distant, strange and threatening. Physical interaction that existed…

  20. Discourses of Integration and Practices of Reunification at the Mostar Gymnasium, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hromadzic, Azra

    2008-01-01

    The global politics of reconciliation provide a blueprint for postconflict reconstruction projects around the world, including in South Africa, Rwanda, Northern Ireland, and Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Of these, the B&H case is of particular interest due to the extensive involvement of some of the world's most powerful states and leading…

  1. Banking Competition and Efficiency: Empirical Analysis on the Bosnia and Herzegovina Using Panzar-Rosse Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Memić Deni

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Competition in the banking industry has been an important topic in the scientific literature as researchers tried to assess the level of competition in the banking sector. Objectives: This paper has an aim to investigate the market structure and a long term equilibrium of the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina nationwide as well as on its constitutional entities as well as to evaluate the monopoly power of banks during the years 2008-2012. Methods/Approach: The paper is examining the market structure using the most frequently applied measures of concentration k-bank concentration ratio (CRk and Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI as well as evaluating the monopoly power of banks by employing Panzar-Rosse “H-statistic”. Results: The empirical results using CRk and HHI show that Bosnia and Herzegovina banking market has a moderately concentrated market with a concentration decreasing trend. The Panzar-Rosse “H-statistic” suggests that banks in Bosnia and Herzegovina operate under monopoly or monopolistic competition depending on the market segment. Conclusions: Banks operating on the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina seem to be earning their total and interest revenues under monopoly or perfectly collusive oligopoly.

  2. Forging Habsburg Muslim Girls: Gender, Education and Empire in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878-1918)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giomi, Fabio

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the entanglement of gender, education and empire in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Habsburg period throughout the analysis of a unique institution: Sarajevo's Muslim Female School. Established at the very end of the nineteenth century, this pedagogical institution was the only school in Austria-Hungary specifically devoted…

  3. Investment climate reform - going the last mile : the bulldozer initiative in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Herzberg, Benjamin

    2004-01-01

    The author examines the Bulldozer Initiative in Bosnia and Herzegovina, an innovative reform methodology that successfully overcame the lack of political will and capacity at the government level through a bottom-up approach. Using an innovative grassroots and public awareness methodology, the initiative mobilized the local business community to bulldoze barriers by identifying concrete le...

  4. Biomass as renewable energy resource in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The state with the wooden waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina today fulfills its needs for primary energy mainly from fossil fuels. In spite of significant resources of all renewable sources of energy and despite evidently open possibility for their utilization, these resources (except for, partly, hydropower) hove practically not been used to date. Due to its climatic situation, Bosnia and Herzegovina is very rich in woodland. Thus the production, harvesting and processing of timber is one of the country's oldest economic activities, and also has nowadays major strategic importance for the country's economic development. The purpose of this paper is to point out the energy potential of wooden waste, as a component of still un sufficiently utilized biomass in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In this paper, attention is primarily focused on results of research in the area of estimation of obviously significant energy potential of wooden waste produced in rather widespread wood and timber industry of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Preliminary research of this resource carried out to date showed that technical potential of biomass from timber waste is approx. 8,5 PJ. (Author)

  5. Learning Festival in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agic, Sejfudin; Glumac, Nijaz; Gozo, Zehra; Hoso, Narcis; Jonic, Damir; Kudumovic, Mensura; Moldovan, Dragana; Muminovic, Aida; Pjevalica, Zeljana; Sadikovic, Azra; Serbic, Miso

    2002-01-01

    During International Adult Learners Week, a learning festival organized by a humanitarian organization celebrated the resilience and learning focus of the people of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Evaluations identified a need for more government support for adult education and the contributions of nongovernmental organizations. (SK)

  6. Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Contemporary Process of Balcan (Re)Integration and within European Integration Flows

    OpenAIRE

    Ibreljic, Izet; Kulenovic, Salih

    2001-01-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a smal economic underdeveloped state and conglomerate of nations, cultures and different external influences, exists within South-East Europe, as one of the least stable world regions. As other tranzitional countries, Bosnia and Herzegovina is also trying to find an optimal solution for its social and economic development, having in mind its political, economic and cultural disharmony. The process of economic reintegration, of during the war organized adinistrative-...

  7. Impact of new power investments up to year 2020 on the energy system of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Hasovic Zihnija; Cosic Boris; Omerbegovic-Arapovic Adisa; Duic Neven

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates current and planned investments in new power plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina and impact of these investments on the energy sector, CO2 emission and internationally committed targets for electricity from renewable sources up to year 2020. Bosnia and Herzegovina possesses strong renewable energy potential, in particular hydro and biomass. However, the majority of energy production is conducted in outdated power plants and based on fos...

  8. Internet Use among Community-Based Rehabilitation Workers in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Cross-Sectional Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Yeung, Euson; Balogh, Robert; Cole, Donald; Jakovic, Djenana; Michel D Landry

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The Internet may be one way to support and improve rehabilitation practice and service delivery in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Bosnia and Herzegovina. Little information exists on use of the Internet to enhance the practice and professional development of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) workers in LMICs. The purpose of this study was to assess the patterns of and barriers to Internet use by CBR workers in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  9. An Evaluation of Micro-Credit Programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina Using Porter’s Diamond Model

    OpenAIRE

    Hamad, Mohammad; Teoman DUMAN

    2013-01-01

    The effective design and delivery of a microcredit program is difficult under any circumstance. Similarly, the task of microcredit institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina that provide financial stability to its most impoverished members is very much complicated. The purpose of this paper is to explore competitive advantages that microcredit industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina has by using Porter's diamond model. The demonstration of the Diamond Model is used to explain the com...

  10. Inclusive education in Bulgaria and Bosnia and Herzegovina: policy and practice

    OpenAIRE

    Tsokova, Diana; Becirevic, Majda

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines developments in inclusive education in Bulgaria (BG) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) in the context of actual and desired accession to the European Union respectively. It seeks to provide insights into the national special education traditions in these countries and aims to establish how these have influenced current developments in inclusive education together with and alongside powerful external change agents. This research focuses on policy makers' perspectives on chan...

  11. Agricultural Sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Climate Change—Challenges and Opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Ognjen Zurovec; Pål Olav Vedeld; Bishal Kumar Sitaula

    2015-01-01

    Half of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s (BH) population lives in rural areas. Agricultural production is a backbone of the rural economy and generates significant economic value for the country. BH is highly vulnerable to climate change, which poses a significant development challenge given the climate-sensitivity of the agricultural sector, the share of agriculture in the total economy, the number of people employed in the sector, and the closely related socio-economic issues of food security. BH...

  12. Exploring Consumer Reactions to the Recession in Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Nenad Brkic; Vesna Zabkar; Tomaž Kolar; Ismir Omeragic

    2012-01-01

    In order to analyze the impact of the current economic crisis on consumers of FMCG products in the Balkan region this paper investigates changes and trends in consumer values and attitudes between years 2007 and 2009 in Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. A comparison of value ranks and factor scores between the two years and two countries shows some significant differences and surprising findings in terms of changes in consumer values and attitudes, which were otherwise expected to be relat...

  13. Global meets local: International participation in prison reform and restructuring in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Aitchison, Andy

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a case study of international participation in criminal justice reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), taken as an example of a small, peripheral jurisdiction experiencing a number of important social, political and economic transitions. The local context is introduced and is followed with a brief discussion on broader developments in penal policy beyond BiH. This precedes a case study of the work of the Council of Europe, which focuses on the pursuit of adequate conditio...

  14. Corporate social responsibility reporting of the banks in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Montenegro

    OpenAIRE

    Andrijana ROGOŠIĆ

    2014-01-01

    The interest in corporate social responsibility has grown considerably and so is the practice of its reporting. The CSR reporting is an output of sustainability accounting. The aim of this study is to determine the factors of corporate social reporting of the banks in Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia and Montenegro and to point out the differences between the practices in those countries. The empirical research reveals that very few banks publish the CSR report. Disclosure of C...

  15. Corporate social responsibility reporting of the banks in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Montenegro

    OpenAIRE

    Andrijana ROGOŠIĆ

    2014-01-01

    The interest in corporate social responsibility has grown considerably and so is the practice of its reporting. The CSR reporting is an output of sustainability accounting. The aim of this study is to determine the factors of corporate social reporting of the banks in Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia and Montenegro and to point out the differences between the practices in those countries. The empirical research reveals that very few banks publish the CSR report. Disclosure of CSR on the Internet...

  16. Citizenship in Media Discourse in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Marko, Davor

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to systematize existing research on media reporting related to various aspects of citizenship, and to contribute with a primary analysis of media content, in order to define how the leading print media in four states (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia) reported on these issues. After establishing the profile of each state, this paper provides a profile of the analysed media, followed by a short summary of how these media reported on selected citi...

  17. Urban transition and sustainability. The case of the city of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksandra DJURASOVIC; Joerg KNIELING

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyses the historical trajectory of development processes in the city of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), in order to offer insights into newly-shaping planning systems in South East Europe during the late phase of post-socialist transition. The paper argues that slow development of small transitional cities can suggest new models of sustainable urban development, but societal complexity makes transition more difficult and creates boundaries to a sustainable path development....

  18. Conflict-induced displacement and labour market outcomes: evidence from post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Kondylis, Florence

    2007-01-01

    This study uses a longitudinal data source to study the effects of conflict-induced displacement on labour market outcomes for Bosnians in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina. To account for endogeneity in the displacement status, I exploit the fact that the level of violence in the pre-war residence likely affected the displacement decision for Bosnians and yet is not associated to economic performance. I find evidence of positive selection into displacement, i.e. more 'able' individuals in term...

  19. The Ecological Aspect of Ethnobotany and Ethnopharmacology of Population in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    S. Redžić, Sulejman

    2007-01-01

    This paper contains first systematical revision of the results on traditional use of wild medicinal and aromatic herbs on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) – west of Balkan Peninsula; Southeast of Europe. There have been detected 227 plants belonging to 71 different plant families, which are being used with ethno therapeutic purpose. Results were obtained by method of open ethno botanical interview which comprised 150 persons, whose average age was 63. Medicinal plants...

  20. From Violence to Mobilization: War, Women, and Political Power in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Berry, Marie E.

    2015-01-01

    How does war impact societies in its aftermath? How does war impact women in particular? At its most fundamental level, war is an accelerated period of social change: it destroys social structures, dismantles institutions, and forces power relations to shift. This dissertation seeks to understand how violence can transform social structures, using the experience of women after violence as a lens through which to do so. Case studies of Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina animate the project. Drawing...

  1. Mobility, poverty and well-being among the informally employed in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Gorana Krstic; Peter Sanfey

    2007-01-01

    We analyse informal-sector employment in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH), using panel data from the Living Standards Measurement Studies. We derive four main conclusions. First, there is significant labour market mobility in BH, with education being an important factor in explaining movements from informal- to formal-sector jobs. Secondly, those in informal jobs are much more likely to suffer from poverty than formally employed people. Thirdly, earnings inequality is more pronounced in the inform...

  2. Clients' Perceptions Towards IT Security of e-banking in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedim Makarević

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Main objective of this research is to examine clients’ perceptions in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards IT security of e-banking, to diagnose problems and try to give proper solutions. Survey was prepared based on six variables and specific questions assigned to each variable. Response rate was good and 207 respondents were surveyed.Overall results suggested a slight agreement in general, and they indicated that when it comes to IT security of online banking, several factors including privacy, control and intangible features are highly important for clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Clients do not perceive tangible features as important as they actually are. Therefore, banks are those who need to give more effort when it comes to implementation of IT security in online banking. They definitely need to find more effective ways to inform and educate clients about IT security of using online service, and in that way create additional value.

  3. Turkish Foreign Policy’s Bosnia and Herzegovina Exam (1990-1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yigit Anil GÜZELİPEK

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available After the collapse of Yugoslavia, the status quo within the Balkans had changed very dramatically in any aspect. In particular, the “new born” states started to attract the attention of the Turkish foreign policy in the sense of defense, security and economic interests. Taking the Turkey’s strong historical and cultural connections with Bosnia and Herzegovina under consideration it is quite possible to investigate the Turkish perspective in the frame of Alexander Wendt’s famous social constructivism theory. Needless to say that, despite forming the fundamental approach of the Turkish foreign policy; social constructivism cannot explain the Turkish approach by itself. Concerning the war period, there were several political actors and internal/external dynamics which affected the Turkish foreign policy towards Bosnia and Herzegovina. This paper seeks to analyze this approach not only in the framework of social constructivism but also including global and domestic realities.

  4. Strategic Marketing Management of Ski-Resorts in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Competitive Analysis

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    Nedzma Begic

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze competitive positions of five ski resorts in Bosnia and Herzegovina using Porter’s generic competitive strategies. Bosnia and Herzegovina is rich with winter tourism opportunities and as a developing country it offers different customer groups more services in time. Managements of ski resorts in the country are looking for ways to strategically position their services to appeal more suitable customer bases. The results of qualitative analysis show that each ski resort in the country has its own strengths in regards to cost leadership, differentiation and focus strategies. Wiser strategies in marketing of these winter tourism services will help managements more productive business efforts.

  5. The Implementation of Police Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Analysing UN and EU Efforts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amelia Padurariu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the role of the main international actors involved in the implementation of police reform in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, notably that of the UN and the EU. Despite considerable efforts and resources deployed over 17 years, the implementation of police reform remains an ‘unfinished business’ that demonstrates the slow pace of implementing rule of law reforms in Bosnia’s post-conflict setting, yet, in the long-term, remains vital for Bosnia’s stability and post-conflict reconstruction process. Starting with a presentation of the status of the police before and after the conflict, UN reforms (1995–2002 are first discussed in order to set the stage for an analysis of the role of the EU in the implementation of police reform. Here, particular emphasis is placed on the institution-building actions of the EU police mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina deployed on the ground for almost a decade (2003-June 2012. The article concludes with an overall assessment of UN and EU efforts in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the remaining challenges encountered by the EU on the ground, as the current leader to police reform implementation efforts. More generally, the article highlights that for police reform to succeed in the long-term, from 2012-onwards, the EU should pay particular attention to the political level, where most of the stumbling blocks for the implementation of police reform lie.

  6. Mobbing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the member states of the European Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodic, V.

    2016-08-01

    Mobbing as a specific form of discrimination which applies only to the labor law, is a very young branch of labor law. It began to develop during the eighties of last century. This kind of psychoterror that appears in the workplace, was first spotted, formulated and diagnosed by the Swedish psychologist of German origin prof. Dr. Heinz Lejman (Heinz Leymann July 17, 1932.; Wolfenbuttel, Germany - 1999 Stockholm, Sweden). Today, the legal regulation of mobbing in terms of prevention, rules of behavior and sanctions is indispensable to every modern democratic state. I'll make a comparison of the legislative regulation provided by BiH with several European Union member states. I will compare the results of a survey conducted by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Condition, during the year 2000. In the European Union Member States, with the results of the questionnaire for employees, which I conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The conclusion I came to in this paper is: Bosnia and Herzegovina is lagging behind a lot of European Union member states, both in terms of prevention of mobbing, as well as legislation, that is insufficient to regulate this complex issue. Results of the questionnaire for the employees that I conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina are devastating and alarming.

  7. War Experiences and General Health Among People in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ringdal, Gerd Inger; Ringdal, Kristen

    2016-02-01

    War experiences may have an extensive impact on the health status of the exposed populations. This population-based study aimed to examine the relationship between war experiences and self-reported general health in representative sample surveys from Bosnia-Herzegovina (n = 3,313) and Kosovo (n = 1,000). Data were collected with face-to-face interviews fielded in the winter of 2003-2004. Logistic regression analysis was used to compute unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (ORs). The adjusted effects of the extensiveness of war experiences on poor health were positive in both countries, but they were statistically significant only for Bosnia-Herzegovina: OR = 1.04, 95% CI [1.00, 1.08] for Bosnia-Herzegovina and OR = 1.03, 95% CI [0.98, 1.09] for Kosovo. The strongest observed effect was found for Kosovo only: The extensiveness of war experiences was relatively strongly related to longstanding health problems, OR = 1.09, 95% CI [1.03, 1.15]. We found that war experiences may contribute to increased poorer health in the exposed populations; however, the effects 4-9 years after the war ended were modest. Hence, war experiences seemed to be more strongly related to war-related distress and posttraumatic stress disorder than to self-reported general health. PMID:26773795

  8. Mycoplasmas isolated from the respiratory tract of cattle in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Zinka, Maksimović; Maid, Rifatbegović

    2012-01-01

    This study represents Mycoplasma species isolated from the respiratory tract of cattle in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 2002 and 2010. A total of 328 nasal swabs and 59 lung samples were submitted for isolation of mycoplasmas. Mycoplasmas were isolated from 27 samples (6.9%). M. bovis was recovered from eight nasal swabs and two lungs, while M. bovirhinis (n=4) and Acholeplasma sp. (n=1) were detected only in nasal swabs. Twelve mycoplasma isolates were unidentified (44.4%).

  9. Protection Of Minority Shareholders In Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro And Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Darko Tipuric; Veljko Trivun; Mia Mrgud; Maja Sukleva

    2013-01-01

    Earlier studies indicate that Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia, as well as other countries in transition, are characterized by a relatively high ownership concentration, which points to the presence of conflict of interest between majority and minority shareholders and possibility of abuse of minorities' rights. Accordingly, the paper aims to analyze and compare the legal measures of protection of minority shareholders in these countries, which will allow maki...

  10. Acute Tonsillopharyngitis in a Family Practice in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Budimir, Danijela; Curić, Ivo; Curić, Snježana

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of acute tonsillopharyngitis diagnosis and treatment in the family care physicians in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. All patients diagnosed with acute tonsillopharyngitis in the Center of Family Medicine in Mostar in 2005 and 2006 were included in this study. Data were collected from medical records, including age and sex, month in which they visited their physician, symptoms and signs that they had (McIsaac’s clinical score was calcul...

  11. ODONATA FROM BULGARIA IN THE COLLECTION OF NATIONAL MUSEUM OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Kulijer, Dejan; Marinov, Milen

    2010-01-01

    The entomological collection of the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the oldest Balkan insect collections. Eighty-seven (87) dragonfly specimens from 19 species that originate from Bulgaria were found in this collection. In this paper we present the oldest and till now unknown records of dragonflies from Bulgaria from this collection. Some interesting and new distribution data on several species are also presented and discussed.

  12. Turkish Foreign Policy’s Bosnia and Herzegovina Exam (1990-1995)

    OpenAIRE

    Yigit Anil GÜZELİPEK

    2013-01-01

    After the collapse of Yugoslavia, the status quo within the Balkans had changed very dramatically in any aspect. In particular, the “new born” states started to attract the attention of the Turkish foreign policy in the sense of defense, security and economic interests. Taking the Turkey’s strong historical and cultural connections with Bosnia and Herzegovina under consideration it is quite possible to investigate the Turkish perspective in the frame of Alexander Wendt’s famous social constru...

  13. Positions of Food Business Operators in Bosnia and Herzegovina toward HACCP System

    OpenAIRE

    GILIC, Zehra; BLESIC, Milenko

    2014-01-01

    New approach in food safety and hygiene legislation gives the central role to HACCP for all food business operators, with an exception of primary production. Slowly ongoing transposition of the EU food safety legislation into regulatory framework of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) also puts HACCP as an obligatory system for food operators. However, the implementation of HACCP is still on relatively low level, with some misunderstandings. The reasons are commonly found in lack of quality plans fo...

  14. Devaluation as the instrument for recession overcoming in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeljko Maric

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Devaluation is the instrument of monetary policy which has been used very often during the 20th century. In recent time of globalization, the many limited factors (openness of the economy, capital movements, currency substitution, money illusion significantly reduce or completely make impossible the devaluation implementation as the measure for foreign trade deficit or recession overcoming in many countries. This paper discusses on positive and negative effects of devaluation in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina economy.

  15. INTRAPRENEURSHIP IMPACT ON GROWTH OF PRODUCTION COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Muzafer Brigić

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Growth and development are among the main goals of every company. A dedication to the activities which create conditions for growth and development is an important management operation. Entrepreneurial activity provides prerequisites so that growth and development can be achieved. In large and existing companies, entrepreneurial activity presents intrapreneurship. The subject of this paper is to what extent are intrapreneurial activities present in production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, we explored organizational prerequisites for intensifying the impact of intrapreneurship, and the impact of intrapreneurial activities on company growth. Primary research was conducted in the field using the survey as a tool for data collection. By interviewing people we obtained the answer to the question, to what extent is intrapreneurship developed in the production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina in terms of two key dimensions of intrapreneurship: innovation and autonomy of action, and their impact on the growth of production companies. Additionally, we reached an answer as to what is necessary to do in the field of management of the companies in order to create assumptions for intensifying the intrapreneurial activities of those companies. The sample represented 50 major production companies in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. We used statistical methods of data processing: descriptive analysis, factor analysis, regression, and correlation. By analyzing the results of the research, we confirmed the hypothesis that the implementation of intrapreneurial activities has a positive effect on the development of production companies. Recommendations were given in order to improve organizational presumptions for intensive intrapreneurial activities.

  16. Influence of Supporting Agrarian Policy Measures onto Increase of Cattle Production in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ferhat Ćejvanović

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina has a deficit of most agricultural products, and that is why it is compelled to import significant quantities of food. In order to increase the degree of self sufficiency, particularly for those products that have good potentials for production growth, creators of agrarian policy try to apply different agrarian policy measures for stimulation of agricultural production growth. One production with good potential is cattle production, i.e. production of milk and meat, for which Bosnia and Herzegovina has significant development potentials, and for whose advancement there have been provided different supporting measures. This paper presents the possible application of the cost-benefit analysis in evaluation of efficiency for some supporting agrarian policy measures adopted in order to improve the cattle production in Bosnia and Herzegovina . The cost-benefit analysis was completed for the six year period, taking into account the productive period of bought heifer. The analysis includes economic and financial parameters (inflows and outflows, which annual amounts were discounted to the present values by utilization of the average social discount rate, in order to put all annual amounts at the same trend of calculation and to account for opportunity capital costs as well.

  17. The influence of negative climate changes on physical development of urban and rural areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Rahman NURKOVIĆ

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The influence of negative climate changes on physical development of urban and rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina has been analysed in the paper. So, economy and society in urban and rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina are susceptible to environmental consequences of climate changes. In practice, this means that poorer countries in development of economic activities will suffer most due to climate changes, while some developed countries can be in a position to use new commercial possibilities. Presently, there is a significant scientific consensus that human activity affected the increase of atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases, respectively the carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone and chlorofluorocarbon, as a result of global changes of climate that will probably change dramatically during the next centuries in Bosnia and Herzegovina. More and more intensive industrialisation and urbanisation, as well as tourism, a growing phenomenon of the 21st century, have numerous negative direct, indirect and multiplicative effects on flora and fauna habitats of Bosnia and Herzegovina. For all mentioned above, this paper tries to indicate to a need for more significant investing into tourism development, which is presently at a very low level of development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the past ten years a dynamical development of tertiary activities in urban and rural areas has been distinguished; among which shopping centres take a significant position. 

  18. REVIEW OF FAUNISTICAL DATA ON ODONATA IN BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Jović, Miloš; Gligorović, Bogić; Stanković, Mihajlo

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with faunistical data and taxonomic notes on Odonata in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A database containing all available published, previously unpublished, and new data was made in order to create a review of the current knowledge of the country’s Odonata fauna and point out the priorities in future investigations. 57 Odonata species are listed as resident species in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Of that number, exact data on the occurrence of 6 species (Lestes parvidens, L. macrostigma...

  19. Freshwater crayfish in Bosnia and Herzegovina: the first report on their distribution

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    Trožić-Borovac S.

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research paper is to present available data on the distribution of freshwater crayfish in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including data from the literature and those of our own investigations. According to historical data, the existence of four native European species were reported within the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Astacus astacus (Linnaeus, 1758, A. leptodactylus (Eschscholtz, 1823, Austropotamobius torrentium (Schrank, 1803 and A. pallipes (Lereboullet, 1858. Our recent research has confirmed the presence of these four species. A. torrentium has been found in the tributaries of the rivers Bosna and Una, in ecologically similar habitats, that is, in relatively clean waters with a small amount of organic material (water quality category I or II. A. pallipes is predominantly present in the Neretva River basin, partly in the Una River basin and in the Cetina River basin, forming both river and lake populations (in the Boracko Lake are present in particularly large numbers – waters with oxygen concentrations greater than 9 mg·L-1 and BOD5 values less than 2 mg·L-1. A. astacus is present in a dense population in waters of the Drina River basin (as river and lake populations, but occurs also in the tributaries of the rivers Bosna (midstream and Sava. So far, A. leptodactylus was found only at the two localities: Sava River (Brčko area and Miljacka River (upstream of Sarajevo, in the waters quality of category II (beta-mesosaprobic. Allochthonous species have not been yet recorded in the freshwater habitats of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  20. Agriculture in Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina: Social Buffer vs. Development

    OpenAIRE

    Bojnec, Stefan

    2005-01-01

    This paper draws attention to the specific post-civil-war situation in agriculture and the food sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). These developments are presented in an association with the overall situation in the country. Due to economic and non-economic reasons, B&H faces a general problem of a lack of international competitiveness. In a current situation, there are rare products to be internationally competitive and the country relies on imports of food and other products. During th...

  1. LATE LADINIAN (MIDDLE TRIASSIC SPUMELLARIA (RADIOLARIA FROM THE DINARIDES OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    UGUR KAGAN TEKIN

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available A limestone sample from southern Bosnia and Herzegovina near Fojnica town yielded extremely abundant and well-preserved radiolarians. The radiolarians are late Ladinian in age and clearly indicate the Spongoserrula fluegeli Subzone of Muelleritortis cochleata Zone based on the index forms and associated fauna. A highly diverse spumellarian fauna is described from this sample. Within the defined spumellarian fauna, five genera (Ligulatubus, Tubospongopallium, Hexacatoma, Octostella and Discofulmen seventeen species (Dumitricasphaera galeata, D. trialata, Spongostylus bosniensis, Spongopallium crassum, Ligulatubus yaoi, Tubospongopallium gracile, T. kozuri, T. tornatum, Archaeospongoprunum globosum, Veghicyclia cruciforma, V. krystyni, Hexacatoma elegantissima, H. nobleae, Octostella pulchra, Pentaspongodiscus similediscus, Discofulmen dumitricai, D. ishidai are new.

  2. Scientometric Analysis of the Journals of the Academy of Medical Sciences in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet; Begic, Edin; Zunic, Lejla

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Currently in Bosnia and Herzegovina there are 25 journals in the field of biomedicine, 6 of them are indexed in Medline/PubMed base (Medical Archives, Materia Socio-Medica, Acta Informatica Medica, Acta Medica Academica, Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences (BJBMS) and Medical Glasnik), and one (BJBMS) is indexed in Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE)/Web of Science base. Aim: The aim of this study was to show the scope of work of the journals that were published by Acad...

  3. Mapping soil magnetic properties in Bosnia and Herzegovina for landmine clearance operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannam, J. A.; Dearing, J. A.

    2008-10-01

    Electromagnetic properties of soils have negative impacts on metal detector performance during landmine clearance operations. In particular, topsoils with high concentrations of pedogenic viscous superparamagnetic minerals (magnetite/maghemite) as shown by high values of magnetic susceptibility and frequency dependent susceptibility limit the detector capability of identifying buried landmines. Thus a priori knowledge of the spatial extent of soils that may be problematic for landmine detection would aid strategic planning of clearance operations and ensure appropriate equipment is deployed. Here, we compare two approaches for estimating the broad magnetic properties of soils in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1) an analogue approach, using data for magnetic susceptibility and frequency dependent susceptibility available for soil types from other temperate and Mediterranean regions; 2) magnetic measurements of a stratified sample of soil samples taken from the Bosnian National Soil Archive. The national soil magnetic maps produced estimate that the area of land inferred as problematic for metal detectors is 4% and 30% according to the analogue and measurement methods respectively. Combining soil type with soil parent material and climate explains the spatial variability of soil magnetic properties in terms of mechanisms of secondary ferrimagnetic mineral production and accumulation. The resulting maps indicate that the magnetic properties of dominant soils in northern Bosnia tend to be unproblematic for detectors, while in central Bosnia there is likely to be moderate detector interference. However, there is a high likelihood of dominant soils affecting detectors in southern and western Bosnia and Herzegovina, equivalent to ~ 30% of the total land area. The mapped outputs of susceptibility and frequency dependent susceptibility provide demining end-users with an indication of the likelihood of encountering problem soils in areas selected for clearance operations.

  4. [Bibliographies of medical books in Bosnia and Herzegovina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omanić, A

    1997-01-01

    Many scientists have written about Turkish, Arabic and medical books. The most important authors among them are: Osman Sokolović: "Orijentalne medicinske knjige moje knjiznice", Hrvatska drzavna tiskara, Zagreb, Podruznica Sarajevo, Sarajevo, 1945, od 10-15; Prim. dr. Hamdija Karamehmedović; Ibn al-Nefis, "Mudzez al-Kanum", Republicki zavod za zdravstvenu zastitu Sarajevo, 1961, 1-219; Mr ph Samuel Elazar, Ajnija Omanić: "Bibliografija medicinskih djela u SR BiH do 1895." Medicinska knjiga Beograd-Zagreb 1984; Besides, the great contribution in bibliography was given by dr Lujo Taler, prof. dr. Drazen Grmek, dr. Jasa Roman, Kasim ef. Dobraca, Radmila Fabijanić, Hivzija ef. Hasandedić, prof. dr. Zdravko Devetak, prim. dr. Alija Karahasanović, Salih ef. Trako i Lejla Gazić. The first list of medical books from the territory of The Former Yugoslavia was prepared and published by Jasa Roman: Jugoslovenska bibliografija Ijekarusa i narodnih medicinskih rukopisam Naucno drustvo za istoriju zdravstvene culture Jugoslavije, Beograd, 1973. But, there are also many writings and book ("the old books") that have not been evidented yet. The reason for this is the fact that catalogues in private and public chemistries were not updated. This is why numerous documents have not been processed. These documents are the most important source of data about our health past, and that is why it is necessary to investigate, note and process them permanently in all aspects. The goal of this paper is to make a short preview of updated bibliography in Bosnia and Herzagovina, and to analyse methodology of making them. PMID:9324576

  5. Virtual Museum Applications and Their Public Perception in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizvic, S.; Sadzak, A.; Ramic-Brkic, B.; Hulusic, V.

    2011-09-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina always has been a place where the East meets the West. Over 1000 years, different cultures, religions and civilizations have left their remains in this small country in Western Balkans. Despite all wars and tragic destructions, today in the heart of Sarajevo one can find mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches and Jewish synagogues next to each other and people of different nations and religions living together in mutual respect and friendship. Multiethnic spirit of Bosnia and Herzegovina lives through its cultural heritage. Therefore our task is to ensure its presentation and preservation using Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). So far researchers have achieved significant results by creating several virtual museums. In this paper we will present the Museum of Bosnian Traditional Objects, Digital Catalogue of Stecaks and the Virtual Museum of Sarajevo Assassination, giving an overview of the process of creating virtual environments from multiple data sources based on various 3D digitization technologies: some based on traditional 3D modeling, other based on laser scanning or photogrametric techniques.

  6. Assessing Credit Default using Logistic Regression and Multiple Discriminant Analysis: Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Memić

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article has an aim to assess credit default prediction on the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina nationwide as well as on its constitutional entities (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. Ability to classify companies info different predefined groups or finding an appropriate tool which would replace human assessment in classifying companies into good and bad buckets has been one of the main interests on risk management researchers for a long time. We investigated the possibility and accuracy of default prediction using traditional statistical methods logistic regression (logit and multiple discriminant analysis (MDA and compared their predictive abilities. The results show that the created models have high predictive ability. For logit models, some variables are more influential on the default prediction than the others. Return on assets (ROA is statistically significant in all four periods prior to default, having very high regression coefficients, or high impact on the model's ability to predict default. Similar results are obtained for MDA models. It is also found that predictive ability differs between logistic regression and multiple discriminant analysis.

  7. Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) as a potential reservoir host of cardiorespiratory parasites in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodžić, Adnan; Alić, Amer; Klebić, Ismar; Kadrić, Mirsad; Brianti, Emanuele; Duscher, Georg Gerhard

    2016-06-15

    Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is considered as reservoir of different cardiorespiratory parasites of veterinary and medical importance. Since data on cardiorespiratory parasites in foxes in Bosnia and Herzegovina are still lacking, the aims of the present study were to (i) investigate the prevalence and geographical distribution of these parasites, (ii) determine genetic diversity of detected parasite species, and (iii) to estimate the role of foxes in the transmission cycle to companion animals and humans. Four species, morphologically and molecularly identified as Eucoleus boehmi (64.6%; 51/79), Eucoleus aerophilus (69.7%; 154/221), Crenosoma vulpis (45.7%; 101/221) and Linguatula serrata (1.3%; 1/79) were retrieved from nasal cavity and lungs in 184 (83.3%) animals. The occurrence of heartworms, Angiostrongylus vasorum and Dirofilaria immitis was not detected by necropsy or PCR. Furthermore, three distinct haplotypes of E. aerophilus (I, III, XV) and two of C. vulpis (I, II) previously reported in pet animals and wild carnivores were confirmed in this study. A new haplotype of C. vulpis (designated as haplotype V) was also identified based on 12S rRNA gene for the first time. The present study indicates a high prevalence and wide distribution of nasal and lung nematodes in fox population in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and supports the existence of transmission patterns between wildlife and pet animals. PMID:27198779

  8. Participatory Imaging Mapping of Cultural Heritage Across Internal Borders Stolac, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzic, L.; Dzino-Suta, A.; Eppich, R.; Vezic, A.; Izkara Martinez, J. L.

    2015-08-01

    During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995) cultural heritage was explicitly targeted and the state of destruction was extensive to both sacral and secular monuments. Two decades after the end of hostilities the perception of the historic environment is still defined from the angles of national, religious or ethnic belonging. Enabling recognition, reconciliation, tolerance and respect within the community of Stolac, Bosnia & Herzegovina through a better understanding and sharing of cultural heritage was the focus of this project. Stolac is representative of the problems in the region and stands out for its particularly sharp divisions. Until recently there was segregation with local schools and their curriculum was divided with cultural heritage generally not addressed. How can this small community engage with heritage and develop a dialogue that encourages tolerance, respect and as a base for development? How does one understand, then document areas significance to the community? Finally, how can technology assist? The focus of this paper is to relate the experiences and findings of a project that incorporated participatory imaging mapping and the use of technology to bridge between the internal borders of this small community. It will outline a methodology, experiences of the participants and results from their exercises in order to assist other communities facing similar issues.

  9. Transitional justice and reconciliation in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Whose memories, whose justice?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kostić Roland

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows that transitional justice initiatives such as the trials at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Commission for Srebrenica and the establishment of accurate statistics on deaths during the conflict have had only a limited impact on inter-group reconciliation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Popular attitudes towards these initiatives are captured in surveys conducted in 2005 and 2010. The results are not surprising given that the absence, due to the level of external regulation and control, of a politics of post-Dayton state-building means that domestic politics takes place in an arena of dealing with the past. The international community legitimised the three prevalent conflict narratives as a way of achieving a peace settlement in Dayton. These communal narratives were used in the peace-building phase by the local elites to defend concessions gained during negotiations and to oppose changes imposed by external supervisors of the Dayton Peace Accords. This has transformed the debate over the recent conflict from a transitional process of coming to terms with the past to a permanent state of affairs. This process precludes reconciliation in terms of mutual acknowledgment of suffering and a nuanced understanding of the causes and dynamics of the violent conflict.

  10. Impact of new power investments up to year 2020 on the energy system of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasovic Zihnija

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates current and planned investments in new power plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina and impact of these investments on the energy sector, CO2 emission and internationally committed targets for electricity from renewable sources up to year 2020. Bosnia and Herzegovina possesses strong renewable energy potential, in particular hydro and biomass. However, the majority of energy production is conducted in outdated power plants and based on fossil fuels, resulting in environment pollution. New major investments The Stanari Thermal plant (300 MW and the investment in Block 7 (450 MW at the Thermal Plant Tuzla are again focused on fossil fuels. The power sector is also highly dependent on the hydrology as 54% of current capacities are based on large hydro power. In order to investigate how the energy system of Bosnia and Herzegovina will be affected by these investments and hydrology, the EnergyPLAN model was used. Based on the foreseen demand for year 2020 several power plants construction and hydrology scenarios have been modelled to cover a range of possibilities that may occur. This includes export orientation of Stanari plant, impact of wet, dry and average year, delayed construction of Tuzla Block 7, constrained construction of hydro power plants, and retirement of thermal units. It can be concluded that energy system can be significantly affected by delayed investments but in order to comply with renewables targets Bosnia and Herzegovina will need to explore the power production from other renewable energy sources as well.

  11. Social exclusion of the young from the labour market in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Tomić Velinka

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The population of young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina is confronted with many challenges - economic, institutional and social. The participation of young people in education drops significantly after they turn 18, while entry into the labour market happens around 20 years of age. Unemployment mostly affects people with lower education levels, such as those with a secondary school degree or qualified workers. The youth unemployment rate, the most commonly used indicator of the disadvantages faced by young people in the labour market, is very high in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The single most significant factor affecting the labour market experiences of young people is the extensive informal economy in the country. Active Labour Market Policy for young people attempts to reduce the problems faced by young people in their attempts to find decent work once they enter the labour market. They attempt to remedy failures of the educational system and to improve the efficiency of labour market matching. The percentage of unemployed youth is of great importance because the youth are in the age when the ability and motivation for work are at their peak. Any society that excludes half of its population from the sphere of work acts against public interest.

  12. Building peace in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Challenges, limits and opportunities in post-war rehabilitation

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    Raül Romeva i Rueda

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the way in which international society, through its institutions, has managed the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina from its pre-war phase to the current post-war phase. The article brings out two main ideas. The first is that internationalbehaviour in the pre-war and war phases was often based on erroneous or even false analyses of the situation leaving major obstacles for the construction of peace since the war. The second idea, related to the first, is that, while the implementation of the 1995 Dayton Accords is rapidly advancing, the fact that Bosnia is still a fragile state, burdened by a serious economic crisis and significant corruption and possessed of only weak public institutions and a weak civil society, makes it strongly dependent on international aid, a de-facto protectorate rather than a state based on the rule of law. It appears, then, that the implementation of the Dayton Peace Accords will be a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for post-war rehabilitation and the construction of peace in Bosnia.

  13. RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES AND THEIR POTENTIAL ROLE IN MITIGATION OF CLIMATE CHANGES AND AS A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DRIVER IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petar M Gvero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina have significant physical potential regarding to renewable energy sources. Hydro, biomass, geothermal, wind, and solar potential can play important role in the whole state economy. Bosnia and Herzegovina is Non-Annex I country according to UNFCCC and according to that it is obligated to participate in the global efforts in order to reduce green house gases emission. This paper gives some analysis of the physical, technological, economic, and market potential of renewable energy sources in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their potential role in mitigation of climate changes. Paper also gives the analysis of the potential connections between renewable energy sources and sustainable development of the economy, taking in to consideration specific political structure of the state. Bosnia and Herzegovina is consisting from two entities: Republic of Srpska and Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Brcko District; energy sector and climate changes mitigation measures are under their jurisdiction. According to that some of this paper results can be useful for the improvement of entity and state strategies with the final aim to place renewable energy sources on the right position, as some of the major economy drivers, not only in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but in whole region.

  14. Professional Opinions And Attitudes On Tax Policy In Bosnia And Herzegovina With A Special Focus On The Federation Of Bosnia And Herzegovina1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazović-Pita Lejla

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is based on tax policy opinion survey data collected in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H among tax experts. A special focus of the survey was to investigate the consequences of the different institutional environments that exist between the two entities of the country. After having reviewed all previous tax reforms in B&H, the most interesting results suggest that respondents agree on the introduction of a progressive personal income tax (PIT and excise duty on luxury products, the maintenance of personal and family allowances and the maintenance of the current value added tax (VAT and corporate income tax (CIT rates. However, differences exist in the respondents’ perceptions about the introduction of reduced VAT rates, the regressivity of the VAT, and giving priority to the equity principle over the efficiency principle in taxation. Probability modelling highlighted these differences and indicated inconsistencies in the definition of the PIT tax base, namely the comprehensiveness of the PIT base under the S-H-S definition of income.

  15. Scientometric Analysis of the Journals of the Academy of Medical Sciences in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet; Begic, Edin; Zunic, Lejla

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Currently in Bosnia and Herzegovina there are 25 journals in the field of biomedicine, 6 of them are indexed in Medline/PubMed base (Medical Archives, Materia Socio-Medica, Acta Informatica Medica, Acta Medica Academica, Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences (BJBMS) and Medical Glasnik), and one (BJBMS) is indexed in Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE)/Web of Science base. Aim: The aim of this study was to show the scope of work of the journals that were published by Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Medical Archives, Materia Socio-Medica and Acta Informatica Medica. Material and Methods: The research presents a meta-analysis of three journals, or their issues, during the calendar year 2015 (retrospective and descriptive character). Results: During 2015 calendar year a total of 286 articles were published (in Medical Archives 104 (36.3%), in Materia Socio-Medica 99 (34.6%), and in Acta Informatica Medica 83 (29%)). Original articles are present in the highest number in all three journals (in Medical Archives 80.7%, in Materia Socio Medica 77.7%, and in Acta Informatica Medica 68.6%). In Medical Archives, 90.3% of the articles were related to the field of clinical medicine. In Materia Socio-Medica, the domain of clinical medicine and public health was the most represented. Preclinical areas are most frequent in Acta Informatica Medica. The period of 50-60 days for a decision on the admission of article is most common in all three journals, with trend of shortening of that period. Articles came from 19 countries, mostly from Bosnia and Herzegovina, then from Iran, Kosovo, Saudi Arabia and Greece. Conclusion: In Medical Archives original articles in the field of clinical medicine (usually internal and surgical disciplines) are most often present, and that is the case in last four years. The number of articles in Materia Socio-Medica and Acta Informatica Medica is growing from year to year. In Materia Socio-Medica there is a

  16. Exploring Consumer Reactions to the Recession in Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nenad Brkic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to analyze the impact of the current economic crisis on consumersof FMCG products in the Balkan region this paper investigateschanges and trends in consumer values and attitudes between years2007 and 2009 in Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. A comparisonof value ranks and factor scores between the two years and twocountries shows some significant differences and surprising findings interms of changes in consumer values and attitudes, which were otherwiseexpected to be relatively stable over a short time period. In order toprovide an insight into questions of if, why and how the crisis differentlyaffected Slovene and Bosnian consumers, possible causes for identifieddifferences are discussed from the theoretical and practical standpointand several managerial implications are suggested.

  17. Impact of Training and Development on Employees Performance in Bosnia And Herzegovina

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    Serkan Bayraktaroglu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Companies today are forced to compete and to act professionally in those harsh times, so it is very important to have right employees for better company`s rating. It is crucial that staff needs to have better knowledge, skills and competencies. More and more companies are acknowledging Human Resources (training and development as their main key for success and bigger focus is on employee – customer relation. Main objective of this study was to find out impact of training and development on employee’s performance and Bosnia and Herzegovina was taken as an example. This study was back grounded by the two different questionnaires one for the employees and one for the managers or owners of the companies. Results revealed that there is a huge impact on employee’s performance when it comes to the training programs and employees are fully aware that training programs give them better knowledge, improved skills and ideas for future career paths.

  18. OUTSOURCING OF PRODUKTION TO BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - INTERPLAY BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE-

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhic, Sefik; Mason, Anthony George

    1999-01-01

    total ownership or joint venture). This will give similar problems and possibilities with the transfer, acceptance and application of production and economic principles and practicalities. Based on the hypothesis that the transfer of production and technology is effected by the various factors and...... relationships, it is proposed that various theories ie Porter and other relevant theories (PEST analyses) be applied in the course of this investigation.It is proposed to describe specific examples of companies that have or will transfer production to Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) and make an analysis of their...... findings, taking all relevant factors into account. There will be an evaluation of the implementation of the local technological resources, natural resources, workforce, infrastructure and an analysis of the problem areas.One of the further aims of the paper is to investigate, how this "country analysis...

  19. The Market and Institutional Value Attachments to Sustainable Return of Human Capital to Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandar BOZIC

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the main characteristics of potentials and challenges of the brain grain process in a post conflict and transitional situation, by reflecting the various views and perspectives of the relevant stakeholders in the field o migration from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. The focus is on highly skilled tertiary graduates’ returnees from BiH and the assessment of their skills and knowledge recognition within the labour market and public administration. The study concludes that even though it has been widely estimated that advanced countries can significantly benefit regarding country's productivity from temporary movements of tertiary migrants, societies that challenge serious human capital flow can negatively value the potential benefits of the highly skilled returnees, while their advanced skills and knowledge most likely remains unrecognized.

  20. Radioactive cesium in the food and water for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents the value of specifc activities of 137Cs in some groups of food, and water, in the period of five years, from 2004 to 2008 in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Radionuclide determination is done by gamma spectroscopic method. Based on the results of specific activities for 137Cs was made the assessment of effective doses received by the population of different age groups, due to ingestion. The annual effective dose due to intake of 137Cs ingestion varied depending on the age group population, of selected samples of food, as well as the period for which was counted, and was below the maximum allowable value of all age groups and for all periods. (author)

  1. ANALYSIS OF METHODOLOGY AND MODELS OF STRATEGIC PLANNING OF LOCAL DEVELOPMENT IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amra Abadžić

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper starts from the premise that local development policy could be seen as a tool for effective management and usage of comparative and competitive advantages in space and time. By applying the centralized administrative model in managing society andeconomy, Bosnia and Herzegovina is not capable of handling efficient development at national, regional and local level. We believethat there is a need to change the model of social and economic development, taking into consideration that so far negative effects of the erroneously applied strategies and development policies have reached unexpected limits. Strategic planning is an instrumentwhich the managers of local communities may use to make optimum decisions and their implementation. Models of strategic planningrepresent the need of local community for internationalization and attracting foreign investors, but also the appropriate public sectorsupport offered to the businesses in a particular community in order to conduct their activities in a more efficient way. Priority aims and their actual application to development of local communities are determined by strategic planning and models of strategic planning. Webelieve that an appropriately adjusted model of strategic planning provides an advantage for local communities in innovative andcooperative approaches to the problems of local government units, with the tendency for defining priority areas and sectors, whiledifferent levels of government, scientific and development institutions at local and other levels and civil sectors should be involved in solving these problems. In this paper, we focused on the presentation of models of strategic planning from the practice worldwide, as an efficient means for the implementation ofstrategic planning processes and using its positive characteristics in order to improve efficiency and effectiveness of local communities. As an example of balance between acceptance and feasibility, we showed the

  2. The attitudes of pharmacists and physicians in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards adverse drug reaction reporting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarik Catic

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs are threat to the patient’s safety and the quality of life, and they increase the cost of health care. Spontaneous ADR reporting system mainly relies on physicians, but also pharmacists, nurses, and even patients. The aim of this study was to explore attitudes, barriers, and possible improvements to ADR reporting practices in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was developed to collect data on the perception of pharmacovigilance practice and ADR reporting. The survey was conducted in the period between September, 2014 and October, 2014.Results: The response rate was 73% (44 of 60 and 93% (148 of 160 among the pharmacist and family medicine physician groups, respectively. Regarding the attitudes to pharmacovigilance practice and reporting, both the pharmacists and physicians found the practices important. The majority of pharmacists and physicians in year 2014 did not report any ADR, while 18% of the pharmacists and 12% of the physicians, who participated in this study, reported one ADR. Reporting procedure, uncertainty, and their exposure were the main barriers to reporting ADRs for the pharmacists. The physicians claimed lack of knowledge to whom to report an ADR as the main barrier. A significant number of the respondents thought that additional education in ADR reporting would have a positive impact, and would increase the ADR reporting rate.Conclusions: Despite the overall positive attitude towards ADR reporting, the reporting rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina is still low. Different barriers to the ADR reporting have been identified, and there is also the need for improvements in the traditional education in this field.

  3. Impact of Accounting Information Systems on Decision Making Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvisa Buljubašić

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In the market economy, the way in which company is managed and developed is extremly important, because every wrong or misleading decision comes at a high price. Therefore each decision that management brings should be based on precise, qualitative, timely and unambiguous information. In order to serve its purpose, after information are collected they are processed, classified and stored within the company. For effective and efficient information processingit is necessary to have an integrated set of components, called an information system. Undoubtedly, significant role in information processing for effective decision making, belongs to accounting information system. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to analyze the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina related to the use and adoption of accounting information system and it's impact on decision making process. Questionnaire distributed to the business organizations and interviews with the managers, as a data collection method, will be used. Statistical and graphical methods will be used to demonstrate findings.

  4. Dairy Production in Bosnia and Herzegovina over The Past Quarter Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vedad SAKIC

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of agricultural production is one of the economic priorities for Bosnia and Herzegovina. The dairy sector, including primary animal products and processed dairy foods, is a core sector for agricultural development. In 2006 the agriculture sector contributed about 10.4% of GDP, in 2008 8.4%, 2009 7.8%, 2011 8.7% and 2012 8.2%. Dairy farming dominates agricultural production and total livestock production contributes almost 60% of agricultural GDP. Milk production should be primarily directed towards cheaper and better quality of products. This is possible with active credit lines, more investment in the modernization and expansion of existing production capacity, as well as with construction of new large specialized farms, and new technologies, especially in the way of housing and handling of animals, nutrition, hygiene, etc. Current work is a brief review of the dairy sector at the past quarter century prepared by using data from different sources.

  5. Strategic quality management on business to business market in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenan Uštović

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Product and service quality has increasingly seen as a crucial factor of competitiveness, not only for individual companies, but for entire industries too. Using specific resources and capabilities companies can take a chance to delight their customers. This paper presents new sales model developed by authors, which includes all necessary steps related to sales process. Customer-Oriented Sales (COS Model considers opportunity that company differentiates itself and become market leader. This paper includes research about companies engaged in B2B sale in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their willingness to use quality as differentiation tool. As a method of research we used data collection questionnaire. It is important to notice that the quality is not the purpose of itself. Investments in quality without recognition of customer needs can also be ineffective. Taking into account all anticipated results, we will make a conclusion about possibilities that companies’ incorporate COS Model in their business system.

  6. BAKOVIĆI THE BIGEST GOLD DEPOSIT OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ivan Jurković

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Tectonic setting, para genesis, structure and texture of ores, sulphide sulphur isotopic composition allign the Bakovići veiny deposit in the group of polymetallic, postmagmatic hydrothermal deposits in the Mid-Bosnian Schist Mountains area. Crude ore is rich in gold (15 g/t. Main ore mineral is gold-bearing pyrite; quartz and siderite are the main gangue minerals Accessories are: tetrahedrite, arsenopyrite, chalcopyrjte, stibnite, galena, barite, gypsum. Production between 1895-1938 gave 2.24 t of gold and 7.47 t of silver. The Bakovići deposit was the biggesl producer of gold in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The deposit is relaled to the Late Variscan rhyolite magmatism.

  7. Ten years of monitoring the occupational radiation exposure in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basić, B; Beganović, A; Samek, D; Skopljak-Beganović, A; Gazdić-Santić, M

    2010-01-01

    Monitoring of occupationally exposed persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina started in 1960s and it was interrupted in 1992. Dosimetry service resumed in 1999 when the International Atomic Energy Agency provided Harshaw 4500 TLD-reader and the first set of TLDs for the Radiation Protection Centre (RPC) of the Institute of Public Health of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In January 2009, the RPC covered 1279 professionals with personal dosimetry, which is more than 70 % of all radiation workers in the country. Most of the TLD users work in medical institutions. In period 1999-2003 RPC provided 984 workers with dosemeters. In the next 5 y period (2004-2008), the number of persons covered by dosimetry increased by an average of 51 %. The mean and collective effective dose in the period 1999-2003 were 1.55 mSv and 1.54 personSv, respectively. In the period 2004-2008, the mean doses changed by 1 % on average, but the collective effective dose increased by 53 % for all practices. Mean and collective effective dose were 1.57 mSv and 2.34 personSv, respectively. The highest personal doses are associated with industrial radiography, than exposures in nuclear medicine. Radiology plays a significant role in collective dose only, whereas other exposures are low. Results correspond to results found in the literature. New practices in industry and medicine emphasise the need for more personal dosemeters, as well as specialised dosemeters for extremities monitoring, etc. PMID:20150230

  8. SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESMENT USING OLS METHOD - THE CASE OF THE CAPITAL MARKET OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azra Zaimović

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Sharpe-Lintner Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM implies a simple linear equation for pricing risky financial assets, individually and in portfolios. CAPM finds that the relevant risk measure of individual financial assets held as a portion of a well-diversified portfolio is not a variance (or a standard deviation of financial assets, as proposed by the Modern Portfolio Theory, but a contribution of financial assets to the portfolio variance, measured by the financial asset beta. Beta coefficient is the measure of the systematic risk of risky assets.This paper explores beta coefficients of stocks of the Bosnia and Herzegovina capital market. This capital market is new and underdeveloped, with a modest supply of securities and with a small number of marketable securities. It is interesting to explore whether the beta coefficients of domestic stocks are efficient and whether they could be used in portfolio management.The paper employs the OLS method to estimate the standard Sharpe-Linter CAPM model. As in most other new markets, this market has a non-synchronous trading problem, which determined the selection of the sample used in the econometric analysis. A representative sample of stocks with satisfactory marketability is analyzed over a five-year period, i.e. 2005–2009. The basic hypothesis of the research is: beta coefficient as a measure of systematic risk is a relevant risk measure for the capital market of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A special aim of the paper is to explore whether estimated models satisfy the presumptions of the linear regression model, which is being examined using a series of diagnostic tests. The results of this paper can be widely used and have significant implications for business purposes. Special attention is dedicated to estimating efficient beta coefficients that may be considered as reliable in a wide use of the CAPM model in financial practice.

  9. Sexual Compulsivity Comorbidity With Depression, Anxiety, and Substance Use in Students From Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Dzanan Berberovic

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to examine relationships between sexual compulsivity, depression (including level of self-esteem) anxiety, and the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs in a sample of 1,711 students from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sexual compulsivity, depression, and anxiety were measured with standardized scales and inventories (the Sexual Compulsivity Scale – SCS, the Beck Depression Inventory – BDI, and the Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait, STAI-T, r...

  10. Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors of Young People Related to Drinking and Driving in Mostar Region, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Jurić, Mario; Čarapina, Mirela; Gilja, Adriana; Šimić, Goran

    2010-01-01

    The traffic accidents became the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among young population groups during the late 60s and early 70s. Among several European countries that are in transition, Bosnia and Herzegovina takes the leading place in fatal traffic accidents. In this study we have investigated knowledge, attitudes and behavior of young people related to alcohol impaired driving. Our aim was to investigate the patterns and behavior among young people that could be useful for public ...

  11. BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA MONETARY SYSTEM AND TRADE DEFICIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Đogo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Currency Board system in BHgained solid confidence of BH public thanks to therelatively low inflation rate in the period since it hasbeen introduced as well as thanks to its resistance tothe shock created by current world economy crisis.Still, some economists are very suspicious about itslong terms subsistence relating it to the constantlyhigh trade deficit and low unemployment rate in thecountry. A discussion about satisfaction of Marshal-Lerner-Robinson’s requirement for successfuldevaluation has arisen because the foreign currencyexchange rate was one of the measures suggested bythis group of economists. Tests conducted in thispaper show that this requirement is not satisfied.Consequently, BH should turn to the real economyreforms instead of the measures of abandonment ofpresent monetary system.

  12. THE COMPETITIVENESS OF TOURISM AND RURAL TOURISM OFFER IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA THROUGH APPLICATION OF THE MARKETING APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    Cejvanovic, Ferhat; Duric, Aleksandar; Vujic, Tatjana

    2009-01-01

    This paper considers the essence, significance and necessity of application of the marketing approach, i.e. planning, organizing and control of marketing activities in tourist and rural tourist policy, intending to add to competitiveness of the tourism offer in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The paper elaborates theoretic and substantial aspects of marketing element in tourism and rural tourism, with a special view on importance and contribution of marketing approach in competitiveness of tourism an...

  13. Role of Transformational Leadership on Employee’s Job Satisfaction: the Case of Private Universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidullah Bayram

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The impact and type of effective leadership has a significant role in the improvement of organizational performance. This study has been conducted to indicate the importance of transformational leadership style on employees’ job satisfaction. The aim of this study is to describe the relationship between transformational leadership and employees’ job satisfaction at private universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A sample of 150 employees responded to a three-part instrument from two private universities in Sarajevo, the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Factor analysis, means, standard deviations, correlation and regression analysis were used to analyze the data. The findings determined that a moderate, positive and significant relationship exists between the dimensions transformational leadership and employees’ job satisfaction for both work of nature and operating condition. This study suggests that leaders at the private universities should pay more attention to findings new analytical ways for old problems and describing the demand of followers.

  14. Internet Transparentnost u Finansijskom Sektoru Bosne i Hercegovine/ Internet Transparency in Financial Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatković Matea

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Raising the quality of corporate governance has a direct positive impact on company’s market value, allowing the use of variety of forms of financing: national and international, public and private, which strengthen their long-term development. The purpose of this paper is to explore the Internet transparency in banks and insurance companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina and detect the differences between the banking and insurance sectors in terms of transparency in certain areas of corporate governance. The necessary data for the study were obtained by reviewing corporate websites. The results of discrimination analysis show that there is a difference in the internet transparency between banking and insurance sectors in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  15. Consumer Attitude Toward Mobile Marketing in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Irma Jasarspahic; Teoman Duman

    2014-01-01

    Driven by the ongoing evolution in mobile technologies and the increasing popularity of the internet, the mobile marketing is becoming more and more popular to marketers whose aim is definitely to promote their goods and services to the consumer. Since many people are still unaware of the potential of marketing via mobile devices this research aimed to examine factors based on content of mobile marketing (entertainment, information, irritation, utility and personalization) and frequency facto...

  16. Consumer Attitude Toward Mobile Marketing in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irma Jasarspahic

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Driven by the ongoing evolution in mobile technologies and the increasing popularity of the internet, the mobile marketing is becoming more and more popular to marketers whose aim is definitely to promote their goods and services to the consumer. Since many people are still unaware of the potential of marketing via mobile devices this research aimed to examine factors based on content of mobile marketing (entertainment, information, irritation, utility and personalization and frequency factor that are affecting the formation of attitude toward mobile marketing targeting BH consumers, and also will try bring to light the response behavior of consumers attitude toward mobile marketing practices and how consumers perceive mobile marketing in BH. The research approach for this study is descriptive and the data was collected by 200 online surveys from young population of BH. The data was analyzed using the software program SPSS. Based on analysis and findings, variables of content have different effect on consumer attitude. Research has shown that a lot of respondents believe mobile marketing is a good idea and that they certainly eases the need for products and services. This paper could be used as a good basis for future research on bigger sample.

  17. Patients Perception of Community Pharmacist in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Catic, Tarik; Jusufovic, Fatima Insanic; Tabakovic, Vedad

    2013-01-01

    Community pharmacists play a significant role in patient/disease management and perception by patients is increasingly important. A self-administered questionnaire was developed consisted of sociodemographic part and 15 questions. Patients have a positive overall perception of community pharmacists that is comparable to most studies in Europe. Community pharmacists’ beyond dispensing drugs play a significant role in patient and disease management. This role of the pharmacist is performed thro...

  18. RISK MANAGEMENT IN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Anela Čolak; Zora Marijanović; Josipa Grbavac

    2014-01-01

    Despite the global economic crisis, life insurances in BiH are being in positive trend and their number rises. The paper is aimed to analyze the degree of development of risk management systems in life insurance companies in BiH. In particular, the authors have tried to establish the existence of policies and procedures in the framework of risk management in life insurance companies. Also, the most common risks identified by insurance companies are the following: liquidity risk, risk of chang...

  19. The Main Features of Draft Evolution in Bosnia and Herzegovina under the Habsburg Rule (1878–1914)

    OpenAIRE

    S. Choliy

    2016-01-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina were the last territorial acquisition of the Habsburg Empire before its disintegration. Caused by strategic reasons, this acquisition required effective integration of BiH to imperial military system. Such integration was connected with local modernization and transfer from Ottoman heritage to Habsburg standards of universal conscription. Local military reforms of 1881 and 1912 effectively organized unification of local and imperial military systems during less than 40 ...

  20. Role of Transformational Leadership on Employee’s Job Satisfaction: the Case of Private Universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Hamidullah Bayram; Sait Dinç

    2015-01-01

    The impact and type of effective leadership has a significant role in the improvement of organizational performance. This study has been conducted to indicate the importance of transformational leadership style on employees’ job satisfaction. The aim of this study is to describe the relationship between transformational leadership and employees’ job satisfaction at private universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A sample of 150 employees responded to a three-part instrument from two private u...

  1. The Use of Financial Derivatives in Emerging Market Economies: An Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina's Non-Financial Firms

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses development of financial derivatives markets in emerging market economies, focusing on the use of financial derivatives in risk management purposes of non-financial firms in Bosnia and Herzegovina. For achieving the research goals authors collected data on the derivatives market structure and types of derivative instrument traded, focusing commercial banks, because of the authors¡¯ prior knowledge of the derivatives market. Additionally, in order to assess the current sta...

  2. Constitutional Paradox: Ethno-federal Consociationalism and Refugee Return in post-Dayton Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Wise, Laura

    2014-01-01

    In 1995, the peace agreement for the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina became one of the latest examples of consociational theory being utilised as a method of conflict management governance in deeply divided societies. Drawing from the work of Arend Lijphart, the Dayton Peace Accord established the institutional design of the future state, which subscribed to the notion that inter-ethnic co-operation is most likely to occur within an ethno-federal power sharing arrangement. This article examine...

  3. Professor testifies at Congressional hearing on Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Micale, Barbara L.

    2005-01-01

    One million returns, yet the legacy of ethnic cleansing endures. That was the testimony of Gerard Toal, professor of government and international affairs in the School of Public and International Affairs, Virginia Tech, National Capital Region, before a congressional subcommittee hearing on "Bosnia-Herzegovina: Unfinished Business" on April 6.

  4. Some characteristics of social interactions among adolescents in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klarin M

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Mira Klarin,1 Ana Pororokovic,2 Slavica Šimic Šašic,1 Violeta Arnaudova31Department of Teacher and Preschool Teacher Education, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia; 2Department of Psychology, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia; 3Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Psychology, University of Ciril and Method, Skopje, MacedoniaIntroduction: The bioecological model refers to the basic social needs that a person has satisfied through social interactions. In individualist cultures, the need for independence is emphasized with the aim of self-realization and personal achievement. In collectivist cultures, togetherness is encouraged and it prevails over individuality.Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether there were differences in adolescents (n = 1033 from three different cultural environments (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia with regard to the various aspects of the social interactions and behaviors these adolescents exercise with their parents and friends.Methods: Three groups of questionnaires were used: those that measure family interactions (the quality of family interactions, loneliness in the family, and family influence; those that assess peer interactions (quality of friendships, social loneliness, and influence of friendships; and those that examined behavioral variables (self-esteem, aggression, and prosocialness.Results: Discriminant analysis has shown that there are two significant functions that differentiate subjects from the three different cultural environments. The first discriminant function that adequately discriminates between subjects in all three cultural environments is related to social and family loneliness and the influence of friends. Loneliness in the family, social loneliness, and influence of friends are most prevalent among adolescents in Macedonia and least among adolescents in Croatia. The second function that distinguished adolescents in Croatia from those in the other two cultural

  5. Marital quality and relationship satisfaction in war veterans and their wives in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Miro Klaric

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD in war veterans and its complex emotional and behavioral characteristics affect veterans’ partners and the quality of their relationships. Although most research focuses on the effects of veterans’ PTSD on their partners/wives and their relationships, not many findings have been established on partner adjustment and marriage quality when wives suffer from PTSD as well.The aim of the research was to examine the relationship between war-related posttraumatic stress symptoms and partner's marital satisfaction in couples where one or both partners suffer from PTSD.The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and Dyadic Adjustment Scale encompassed 154 war veterans and their wives who had been treated at Mostar Clinical Hospital in Bosnia and Herzegovina for combat-related PTSD as well as 77 veterans who did not suffer from PTSD and their wives.Veterans’ PTSD is related to lower levels of marital adjustment of their wives. Marital adjustment was significantly lower in couples where both partners had PTSD compared with couples where only the veteran had PTSD or neither partner had PTSD. Female partner's marital adjustment is best explained by his avoidance symptoms and her own level of depressiveness and re-experiencing symptoms.The results highlight the importance of recognizing PTSD in wives of traumatized veterans as well as the importance of family approach in the treatment of PTSD.For the abstract or full text in other languages, please see Supplementary files under Reading Tools online

  6. Sustainable energy and development in disadvantaged communities: New approaches from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, and Slovakia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Legro, Susan [Eco Ltd (Czech Republic)

    2007-07-01

    This paper examines two community projects implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The first, Promoting Access to Energy Services to Foster Integration and Human Development for Disadvantaged Communities in Hungary and Slovakia with a Special Focus on the Roma, built on regional development work with isolated communities without reliable access to heat and electricity. The second, Energy Efficiency in Housing in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), focused on a network of communities where rebuilding was underway following the Balkans conflict. While the projects took place in different environments, both shared common approaches. First, they focused on community energy planning in areas where infrastructure was severely deficient. Planning was designed so that current investments in building stock would not have to be retrofitted later for efficiency. Second, they linked energy agencies and NGOs with institutions outside of the energy/environment community, such as the National Minority Self Government in Hungary and the Ministry of Refugees in BiH . The projects thus leveraged funds and expertise from new sources while raising awareness of sustainable energy issues in organizations already funding infrastructure.While time and funding were limited by the terms of the grants, both projects established a foundation of information, planning, and partnerships. Both projects included baseline energy studies, training workshops, and practical guides for local leaders. In addition, there were tangible community benefits in education (reliable heat supply for a new kindergarten), jobs creation (wood-chipping in a municipal forest), and business development (contracts for efficient construction)

  7. INTERNATIONALIZATION AND CLUSTER POTENTIALS WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON WOOD-PROCESSING SECTOR IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirha Bico-Car

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium enterprises (SMEs in all national economies are generators of growth and development. This statement is confirmed by the fact that SMEs in the European Union (EU account for 90% of the total number of companies, and that more than 23 million of these companies employ over 67% of the workforce in the private sector. European law on small and medium enterprises creates favorable regulatory conditions for their further growth. However, adequate attention has not yet been paid to this sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. Economic growth in pre-war Yugoslavia was based on a system of large company networks from complementary industries which were deliberately designed. War and disintegration of Yugoslavia have disrupted this concept and sparked a series of dilemmas in terms of re-directing and developing the national economy. Many economists have advocated for the restoration of pre-war business giants. Nevertheless, war, institutional destruction and loss of educated and skilled labor, as well as technological obsolescence, loss of previous markets and industries created the opinion that SMEs should first be developed and then connected through networking and clustering. This would eventually lead to the creation of large and powerful production systems. This paper examines how far BiH has progressed in this regard and how consistent is its economic policy. Moreover, this work provides a review of business practices and the potential of clustering, and finally business internationalization of SMEs.

  8. [Social and psychological aspects of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1993].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulenović, F; Papović, S; Masić, I; Mulaibrahimović, H

    1994-01-01

    Every war is the deepest compassion of political fightings turned out with weapon in purpose of biological, economic, social, political and culture destroying of people. This aggression has all these components. Aggressors are Serbia and Monte Negro, and Croatia, and extreme Serbs and Croats living in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and their purpose is the destroying of Bosnian State, and its division into ethnic rules, and making great Serbia and Croatia. This inormal dirty war (war against the civilians, there are no two armies, genocid war, destroying one population) makes injuries, illnesses. It makes hard social economic changes, which change the whole life of the population, making striking changes of spirit and life of people. The most important fact which the people have in war is fear for own family and social survival. Main characteristics of the war is the horrible violence: killing people, raping, kidnapping and torturing in the concentration camps, robbing everything that worth, and making people refugees. This is the war against the civilisation. The last consequences of all these are deep emotional changes in people and groups, and this is the biggest social and medical problem of the community. That is the theme of this project. PMID:7934240

  9. Psychological consequences of war-traumatized children and adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Mevludin Hasanović

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Research into the psychosocial consequences of war and political violence on children’s and adolescent’s developmental wellbeing has shown a steady increase over the last decades. Numerous studies, from differing cultures in different war zones around the world, have documented the effect on children of exposure to war atrocities. The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH 1992-1995, at the end of 20th century found the citizens of BH and the world mental health professionals and scientists unprepared to deal with the adverse consequences for the entire BH population and especially for its most vulnerable part, children and adolescents, to be able to take adequate measures of sufficient mental health care to prevent devastating consequences of severe multiple traumas. Only a few research studies were done during and after this war in BH, the United States, Sweden, Norway, the UK and Germany focusing on the relationship between war trauma, Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, depression, suicidal thoughts, acculturation, repatriation, poverty, behavioral problems, school adjustment, relational problems of children and their mothers after deployment of war PTSD veterans and war prisoners, and treatment of psychological consequences in examined children and adolescents from BH. The major part of this paper reviewed available literature on Medline that reported national and international studies which investigated the psychological consequences of war on BH children and adolescents and several papers about children and adolescents from Srebrenica, that were not indexed on Medline, but showed very crucial results for the issue described.

  10. Influence of ironworks on distribution of chemical elements in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasminka Alijagić

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is the study of the distribution of chemical elements in attic dust and topsoil for the identification of anthropogenic and geogenic element sources in an old metallurgic area in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia (Slo – BiH bilateral project “Heavy metals in environment as consequences of mining and smelting in the past”. Samples of attic dust and topsoil were collected in localities in BiH (Zenica, Vareš and Ilijaš and Slovenia (Jesenice, Štore and Ravne.Analysis for 42 chemical elements was performed. Based on a comparison of statistical parameters, spatial distribution of particular elements and results of cluster analysis one natural and two anthropogenic geochemical associations were identified. The natural geochemical association (Al-K-La-Sc-Th-Ti is influenced mainly by lithology. The anthropogenic association (Co-Cr-Mo-Ni-V-W is the result of iron metallurgy in the past. The second anthropogenic association (Ag-As-Cd-Fe-Hg-Mn-Pb-Sb-Sn-Zn is the result of high level of sulphide phase in iron ore (Vareš and zinc and sulphuric acid production in the Celje area.

  11. The Relation of Students’ Choice of Private Higher Education and Marketing Strategies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ozbal Okai

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Severe market conditions and advancing technology demand a well-planned and a strategic marketing approach in all sectors as well as in education sector. This study examined the relationship between the students’ choice and the marketing strategies of private higher education (HE in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH. To perceive this relation, we chose one of the private universities in Sarajevo. The study is based on a student survey which employed a questionnaire of 55 questions under 4 sub-groups and was done by 146 students. The first step of the questionnaire was determining the motives of the students to attend a private HE institution. The next part was to investigate the information sources of the students. These two steps followed the understanding of the evaluation criteria and the decision process of the students. Finally, the survey was concluded with the post enrollment observations of the students. The data obtained analyzed by SPSS software. The results revealed a strong consistency. The students were willing to have quality education and improve themselves via HE. They were using internet as a prior information source but would not make a final decision without parents’ confirmation. The overall satisfaction of the students showed that our subject university communicates with the target groups efficiently and enjoys the benefits of positive ‘word of mouth’ marketing. Finally, we addressed the marketing strategies that we reaped throughout the study to suggest a course of action to private HEIs in the conclusion part.

  12. Labor market performance in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina from a gender perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ognjen Radonjić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze some aspects of the efficiency of labor markets in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina and compare resulting outcomes with the outcomes of labor markets efficiency in selected economies of the European Union. A particular focus of our analysis is on gender equality, due to the fact that not only gender inequality negatively affects the quality of life of individuals and society in general, but also can produce significant macroeconomic losses which negatively affect economic growth and development. When formulating policy that aims to increase the employability and income of the local population, our recommendation to governments, non-governmental and supranational institutions is to simultaneously take all necessary steps in order to provide women equal access to labor markets. This primarily refers to equality in access to newly created jobs, the uniformity of wages for a work with equal qualification, equal access to employment in formal economy, equal safety at work, equal access to social safety net etc.

  13. The War and Post-War Impact on the Educational System of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreso, Adila Pašalić

    2008-07-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), much like other eastern-European countries, has faced a brief period of transition from the socialist system to capitalism. However, this was interrupted in BiH by a brutal war lasting four years. Social systems and infrastructure were damaged or destroyed, including education, which was harnessed during the war to divide the country and then perpetuate these divisions. The author deals with some of the strongest and most enduring impacts that the war has had on education, which even now, more than 10 years after the war, pose a serious threat to this young country. The most obvious include the division of youth according to nationality, religion or language, the unequal positions of certain groups in education, and very clear segregation and discrimination. She points out some of the most frequent and overt ways in which intolerance towards other nationalities is displayed through textbooks, especially those used in parts of BiH subject to a struggle for independence during the war.

  14. A Comparison of Interest-Free and Interest-Based Microfinance in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hamad

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Microfinance has long been used a developmental tool to fight poverty. It has been operational since the 1960s. Recent studies have shown positive impacts of microfinance with respect to generating income and smoothing consumption of its clients. On the other hand, a number of critics argue that microfinance has not been able to achieve its main objective of fighting poverty. This is due to the shift that has taken place in the industry from poverty-focus to profit-oriented business-focus. Above all, microfinance faces other challenges on its way to succeed. One of the major challenges is that the product is not universally applicable or it does not tailor with the belief system of the Muslims despite the fact that one third of the world poor are Muslims. There has been a growing effort to create an ‘Islamic’ model of microfinance. The Islamic Model of Microfinance represents a new paradigm of social enterprise in which profit and loss sharing replaces interest-based financing. The growth of Islamic microfinance has led organizations such as the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP, a multilateral organization distributing knowledge about Islamic microfinance, and the Islamic Development Bank (IDB to begin understanding this new way of approaching poverty. The objective of this paper is to review the existing Islamic microfinance institutions (IMFIs in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH, and to propose a Shariah compliant microfinance product in Islamic microfinance operations particularly in BH.

  15. Environmental risks of farmed and barren alkaline coal ash landfills in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The disposal of coal combustion residues (CCR) has led to a significant consumption of land in the West Balkan region. In Tuzla (Bosnia and Herzegovina) we studied previously soil-covered (farmed) and barren CCR landfills including management practises, field ageing of CCR and the transfer of trace elements into crops, wild plants and wastewaters. Soil tillage resulted in mixing of cover soil with CCR. Medicago sativa showed very low Cu:Mo ratios (1.25) which may cause hypocuprosis in ruminants. Total loads of inorganic pollutants in the CCR transport water, but not pH (∼12), were below regulatory limits of most EU countries. Arsenic concentrations in CCR transport water were -1 whereas reductive conditions in an abandoned landfill significantly enhanced concentrations in leachates (44 μg l-1). The opposite pattern was found for Cr likely due to large initial leaching of CrVI. Public use of landfills, including farming, should be based on a prior risk assessment due to the heterogeneity of CCR. - Uncontrolled farming and tillage of previously soil-covered coal ash landfills resulted in exposure of ash on the surface

  16. Specifics of Risk Management in Islamic Finance and Banking, with Emphasis on Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emira KOZAREVIC

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The ever increasing globalization of financial institutions’ business activities and liberalization of capital markets inevitably lead to the increase in both diversity and intensity of the institutions’ types of risk. Risk management is of the essential importance to the institutions, especially banks, because of the fact that their risky activities are the source of creating wealth for their stockholders. In terms of Islamic banking, risk management is still not sufficiently developed. Certain specific qualities in risk management in Islamic banks emerge due to a special way in which they run the business. Nowadays, Islamic banks mainly use conventional products for risk management, adopting them to their business in accordance to the Shari’ah. Regarding the Islamic finance and banking in Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is still based on the activities of the bank that, although being a “hybrid” Islamic bank, is the only Islamic bank on the territory of South-Eastern Europe. This paper surveys the specifics of its risk management.

  17. Environmental risks of farmed and barren alkaline coal ash landfills in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dellantonio, A.; Fitz, W.J.; Custovic, H.; Repmann, F.; Schneider, B.U.; Grunewald, H.; Gruber, V.; Zgorelec, Z.; Zerem, N.; Carter, C.; Markovic, M.; Puschenreiter, M.; Wenzel, W.W. [University for Natural Resources & Applied Life Science, Vienna (Austria)

    2008-06-15

    The disposal of coal combustion residues (CCR) has led to a significant consumption of land in the West Balkan region. In Tuzla (Bosnia and Herzegovina) we studied previously soil-covered (farmed) and barren CCR landfills including management practises, field ageing of CCR and the transfer of trace elements into crops, wild plants and wastewaters. Soil tillage resulted in mixing of cover soil with CCR. Medicago sativa showed very low Cu:Mo ratios (1.25) which may cause hypocuprosis in ruminants. Total loads of inorganic pollutants in the CCR transport water, but not pH (similar to 12), were below regulatory limits of most EU countries. Arsenic concentrations in CCR transport water were < 2 {mu} g l{sup -1} whereas reductive conditions in an abandoned landfill significantly enhanced concentrations in leachates (44 {mu} g l{sup -1}). The opposite pattern was found for Cr likely due to large initial leaching of CrVI. Public use of landfills, including farming, should be based on a prior risk assessment due to the heterogeneity of CCR.

  18. Bosnia and Herzegovina General Elections, 2010: Analysis of Pre-Election Rhetoric

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adis Arapovic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a postconflict and transitional country with sui generis political system of low efficiency, creates and conducts its politics in a specific ambient of reduced sovereignty and responsibility of domestic institutions and other political subjects. Such political ambient is suitable to proliferation of nationalistic, confrontational and anti-constitutional rhetoric and practices, which reach its peak during period of pre-election campaigns.Unfinished legislative election framework, purposeful obstruction of international election standards and domestic legislative on behalf of most of political subjects, deficiency of professional and independent media, undeveloped civic society, and politicized and undercapacitated institutions which are involved with subject of regularity of the election process, are the reason for lack of candidate's will for constitutional, legislative and ethical behavious during pre-election campaign.Due to this, pre-election campaign of most of political subjects is mainly negative, and not focused on elementary questions of standard of living and priority challenges of state and society (necessary constitutional reforms, Euro-Atlantic integrations, structural economic reforms, unemployment etc., but on mutual confrontations, stress on big political questions of the status of entities and constituent nations, then on nationalistic rhetorics of negating consitutional and historical facts, and on mutual ungrounded discreditation, which generates atmosphere of fear, national homogenization and searching of the culprit for bad situation in society, inside of other national corpus, and not among own political representtatives.

  19. SERVICE USER INVOLVEMENT IN SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE, EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanela Čekić Bašić

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that the social work profession is considered to be a profession “promoting ... empowerment and liberation of individuals in order to attain greater level of well-being“, the inclusion of the user perspective is a relatively new and still much debated phenomenon. Having in mind that the involvement of service users as experience experts in social work practice, education and research is a very demanding and complex process, the paper analyses a number of challenges faced by social workers, teachers and researchers in their everyday work due to the requirement of inclusion of the service user perspective. The idea of service user involvement in planning, execution and evaluation of curricular contents is a quite recent one in Bosnia and Herzegovina since the social work education reflects the idea on professionals (social workers, teachers or researchers as ultimate knowledge holders. The author defines two categories of factors obstructing the service user involvement in the education and research process: one is related to education institutions and the other to service users, i.e. their organizations, and discusses necessary prerequisites for stronger connections between institutions (departments of social work, practice and service users.

  20. The Impact of Brand Equity Assets on Consumer Preference for Foreign Brands in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ena Kumbara

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In the free market consumers are faced with a different variation while they making purchase decision. Brand as a term, name, and symbol gives quality and satisfy needs of consumers and on that way assure self recognition. Main objective of this study is to determine the factors which influence consumers to buy international brands rather than national brands. This study has four independent variables and one dependent variable. Data for this study will be collected using online surveys based on the previous researches about brand equity and its dimensions. Sample for this study were 214 respondents form the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Using descriptive statistics, correlation and multiple regression analyses these data are measured. Results of this research will give benefits to marketing professionals in Bosnian industries where they can try to understand consumers- whether brand equity and its dimensions affect their purchasing decision and does that effect have negative or positive impact. Contribution of this study is reflected in that Bosnian manufacturers and sellers can better meet consumer’s wishes and needs, possibilities of potential consumers in this strained economy.

  1. Forensic evaluation of persons with destructive behavior in the postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Novaković Milan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Different persons show forensic differences related to aggressive behavior in criminal and violation acts. The aim of this study was to forensically analyze the influence of socio-dynamic conditions and stress in testing the forensic hypothesis of hetero-destruction, and analysis of persons with destructive behavior in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H in the period from 1996−2005. Methods. The experimental group consisted of 125 persons who had committed a crime according to the Criminal Law of B&H and, thus were under security measures or treatment. The control group consisted of 125 persons who had committed a violation. The following psychometric tests/questionnaires were used in the study: Eysenek Personality Questionnaire (EPQ, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI and Profile Index of Emotions (PIE. Results. There were a significant difference between the respondents’ groups related to gender (p < 0.01, while broken family, migration, and family comorbidity showed insignificant differences. EPQ test showed statistically significant differences between the groups for all four variables, and Beck test found significant differences only for some ones. PIE test proved the relations of the basic emotions confirmed by discriminative function. Conclusion. High level of hetero-destruction in crime was proven in the study. Criminal acts and violations were committed by the persons without psychopathology, as well as by the persons with mental diseases, which rendered a forensic responsibility and analysis of such an influence on behavior.

  2. Heavy metal concentration in fish tissues inhabiting waters of "Busko Blato" reservoir (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Has-Schön, Elizabeta; Bogut, Ivan; Kralik, Gordana; Bogut, Stjepan; Horvatić, Janja; Cacić, Milan; Cacić, Ivan

    2008-09-01

    Heavy metals concentration (mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic, copper, zinc and chromium) in tissues (muscles, liver, kidney and gonads) of Dalmatian barbelgudgeon, the nase, the souffie and brown trout, inhabiting waters of Busko Blato reservoir in Bosnia and Herzegovina, has been determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The meat of the tested fish sorts does not contain elevated concentration of most analyzed heavy metals with exception of lead (higher than MAC in Italy, Germany and Denmark) and mercury (in muscles of brown trout higher than MAC in most countries). The lowest level of all heavy metals is always detected in gonads, with higher values in fry compared to milt for copper, zinc, chromium and arsenic. The highest copper concentration is observed in the liver from the souffie which is suggested as a suitable biomonitor for copper intoxication. In muscles of all fish sorts, lead was always present in much higher concentration than cadmium, while in kidneys of most fish sorts, lead and cadmium concentrations were similar. We showed that bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in the fish sorts analyzed is tissue and sex dependent. Also, we concluded that the small water exchange in reversible shallow reservoir does not induce elevated concentration of heavy metals in fish tissues inhabiting Busko Blato. PMID:17342437

  3. Implementation of ISO 9001:2008 & Standards for Accreditation at Private University in Bosnia And Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ensar Mekić

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Main objective of this work is to provide empirical evidence that implementing ISO 9001:2008 and standards for accreditation required by Agency for Development of Higher Education and Quality Assurance (HEA is good way to achieve success on the way to improve quality of higher education institution. In analytical part of this paper, mainly descriptive statistics will be used since issue is related to presenting results of measurements conducted by institution over years. List of HEI’s (higher education institutions indicators of quality will be analyzed over years in order to compare institution’s performance over years after implementing of ISO 9001:2008 and standards for accreditation required by HEA. Data was collected through annual and semiannual reports of HEI conducted from 2009 to 2014. After comparative analysis of data over years, trend line is obvious in following all quality indicators which is great empirical evidence that implementation of ISO 9001:2008 and accreditation standards required by HEA are good way to improve quality of HEI. Main contribution of this work to science is empirical evidence that implementation of ISO 9001:2008 and accreditation criteria of HEA leads to increase of quality at institution level. Also, it is good stimuli for future research, and it provides potential idea of integrating ISO 9001:2008 and accreditation criteria with aim to create unique quality model for HEIs in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  4. Heavy Metal Contents in Spices from Markets in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Huremović, J.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Spices are some of the most common foods in the human diet around the world. Spices are dried parts of plants used often as diet components to improve aroma and acceptability of food. The aim of this work was to determine the contents of seven heavy metals (Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn in spices available at local markets in Sarajevo. Metal concentrations in six spice samples (black pepper (Piper nigrum, basil (Ocimum basilicum, oregano (Oreganum vulgaris, paprika (Capsicum annuum, parsley (Petroselinum crispum and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The content of chromium and nickel in all samples was below 5 mg kg-1 . Copper levels were in the range of 2.36-19.47 mg kg-1 , iron 6.80-785.56 mg kg-1 , manganese 6.14-59.36 mg kg-1 , lead 0.74-20.35 and zinc 6.93-85.44 mg kg-1 . These results were in agreement with other published data except in the case of Pb which content was slightly higher. Daily intake of different metals was calculated and compared with the MRL values given by ATSDR (2013. The content of lead in most of the samples was above the maximum permitted concentrations recommended by WHO and national regulations of Bosnia and Herzegovina.  

  5. Quality control in Department of Nuclear Medicine, Clinical Center Banja Luka, RS, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete test of publication follows. The aim of this work is to give a review of situations in the Department of Nuclear Medicine in Banja Luka related to quality control. We must perform daily, weekly and monthly control of equipment in the Department of Nuclear Medicine, and we must keep records. In our Department we have equipment from different producers and different year of production: 3 gamma cameras (1973, 1989, 2000); 2 auto gamma counters (2000, 2006); 2 dose calibrators (1973, 2000); 1 thyroid uptake system (2000). Normally procedures for quality control are also different. The situation, according to results of quality control is good. All equipment is working normally and with good performance (except one gamma camera - a problem with hard drive), but we don't have a routine daily control and periodical control for others tests. Keeping a records is another problem. Why? 1. In Bosnia and Herzegovina we don't have Regulatory authority. That means that we don't have legislation, rules, inspection or any other regulatory instruments. 2. There is only school for nurses, we have no special school for medical technician. So, we need an education in that field. 3. Very small number of physicist in hospital, no education for medical and nuclear medicine physicist. Conclusion. Situation in Department of Nuclear Medicine in Banja Luka related to quality control is on the medium level. We are trying to put that on the higher level, but to accomplish that we need additional education for nurses (technicians) and physicist.

  6. Acute tonsillopharyngitis in a family practice in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budimir, Danijela; Curić, Ivo; Curić, Snjezana

    2009-03-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of acute tonsillopharyngitis diagnosis and treatment in the family care physicians in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. All patients diagnosed with acute tonsillopharyngitis in the Center of Family Medicine in Mostar in 2005 and 2006 were included in this study. Data were collected from medical records, including age and sex, month in which they visited their physician, symptoms and signs that they had (McIsaac's clinical score was calculated accordingly) and treatment. Results showed that there were no gender differences regarding diagnosis. Mean age was 32.6 +/- 16.9 years. The most patients were recorded during the January-March period. Total of 65.6% patients received antibiotic treatment. Phenoxymethylpenicillin, considered as the recommended antibiotic was used in 46.3% cases only. In conclusion, this first critical assessment of the existing family practice records on treating patients with tonsillopharyngitis suggested that physicians have to be more critical when treating patients with this diagnosis and that the knowledge and treatment of patients with pharyngitis need to be continuously improved in general medical practice. PMID:19408639

  7. Implementation of quality assurance in diagnostic radiology in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republic of Srpska)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Application of a quality control (QC) programme is very important when optimisation of image quality and reduction of patient exposure is desired. QC surveys of diagnostics imaging equipment in Republic of Srpska (entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina) has been systematically performed since 2001. The presented results are mostly related to the QC test results of X-ray tubes and generators for diagnostic radiology units in 92 radiology departments. In addition, results include workplace monitoring and usage of personal protective devices for staff and patients. Presented results showed the improvements in the implementation of the QC programme within the period 2001-2005. Also, more attention is given to appropriate maintenance of imaging equipment, which was one of the main problems in the past. Implementation of a QC programme is a continuous and complex process. To achieve good performance of imaging equipment, additional tests are to be introduced, along with image quality assessment and patient dosimetry. Training is very important in order to achieve these goals. (authors)

  8. Depleted uranium in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Post-conflict environmental assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Depleted Uranium (DU) ammunition was used in 1994-95 during the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This third DU field study from the Balkans, following UNEP's earlier DU studies in Kosovo (2001) and Serbia and Montenegro (2002), increases the scientific knowledge of the behaviour of DU in the environment. The mission investigated 14 sites. DU could be easily found at three of these sites more than seven years after the conflict and was confirmed by the physical presence of penetrators and jackets, as well as by soil, bio-indicator, water and air samples. For the first time in UNEP's DU studies in the Balkans, DU was found in drinking water samples, albeit at extremely low levels. DU was also measured in air samples, both outside as well as inside certain buildings currently in use. The report recommends precautionary steps in the form of decontamination and clean-up. Given the remaining scientific uncertainties on the long-term behaviour of DU in the natural environment, UNEP recommends further studies to be done in other regions where DU ammunition has been used. (author)

  9. Institutional Discrimination against the MinorityGroups in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Barrier to EU Membership

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    Bedrudin Brljavac

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Although over more than 10 years Bosnia and Herzegovina has been going through an extensive European Union-related reform process, the country is still facing serious democratic deficit. In particular, the post-Dayton public sphere has been dominated by ethno-nationalist political elites which are doing everything to exclude non-nationalists and members of minority groups from the decision-making process. This is a clear paradox since one of the main objectives behind the integration of the European countries into the European Community was to reduce disintegrative and dangerous influences of nationalists and establish a peaceful, prosperous, and secure community. In this article, we analyze the process of the post-Dayton ethno-nationalization resulting in a widespread discrimination against the so-called ―others‖ as they are defined in the Constitution. In the post-war BiH, democratic participation has turned into a competition between the three ethnic communities, Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats, rather than race of equal individuals having equal right of vote. That‘s why Bosnian people are still living under the political system which is closer to ethno-democracy or ethnocracy rather than democratic regime. Under such a discriminatory regime BiH can not enter the European Union, which is a model of open and democratic society.

  10. Analysis of Carbon Dioxide Variations in the Atmosphere of Srednja Bijambarska Cave, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milanolo, Simone; Gabrovšek, Franci

    2009-06-01

    The results of one year’s monitoring in Srednja Bijambarska Cave (Bosnia and Herzegovina) are presented and discussed. Temporal variations of the carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration are controlled by the switching between two ventilation regimes driven by outside temperature changes. A regression model with a simple perfectly mixed volume applied to a cave sector (“Music hall”) resulted in an estimate of ventilation rates between 0.02 h-1 and 0.54 h-1. Carbon dioxide input per plan surface unit is estimated by the model at around 50 × 10-6 mh-1 during the winter season and up to more than 1000 × 10-6 mh-1 during the first temperature falls at the end of summer (0.62 μmoles m-2 s-1 and 12.40 μmoles m-2 s-1 for normal conditions respectively). These values have been found to be related to the cave ventilation rate and dependent on the availability of CO2 in the surrounding environment. For airflow close to zero the values of CO2 input per plan surface have a range in the order of magnitude of a few units × 10-6 mh-1. Based on two experiments, the anthropogenic contribution from cave visitors has been calculated, at between 0.35 lCO2 min-1 person-1 and 0.45 lCO2min-1person-1.

  11. Post-Conflict History Education in Finland, South Africa and Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Sirkka Ahonen

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A post-conflict society tends to get locked in a history war. As the practice of history in its broad sense is a moral craft, representations of guilt and victimhood prevail in social memory. The representations are often bolstered by mythical references, wherefore deconstruction of myths is expected from history education for the purposes of post-conflict reconciliation. This article deals with the post-conflict uses of history in Finland, South Africa and Bosnia-Herzegovina. The three cases constitute examples of a class war, a race conflict and an ethno-religious armed clash. The memory politics and history curricula differ between the cases. Their comparison indicates, how far an imposition of one ´truth´, a dialogue of two ´truths´ and segregation of different memory communities are feasible strategies of post-conflict history education. The article suggests that history lessons can be an asset instead of a liability in the pursuit of reconciliation.

  12. RANKING OF TOURIST DESTINATIONS WITH MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING METHODS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ali Göksu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Developments in communication and transportation technology have increased access to formerly distant destinations in an unprecedented way. Tourist centers develop new strategies to increase their share in this growing market. Travel agencies put up advertisements to keep their present customers and attract the new ones. Because customers have a wide array of alternatives to choose from, appropriate strategies should be developed to persuade customers during their decision - making process. In this study, six tourist centers in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH were analyzed according to the criteria used by customers as they decide on their vacation destinations. The data were collected from four travel agencies by means of focus group interviews. The interview data were analyzed with Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS, which are methods of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM. The criteria used in the study were determined by the teams in the agencies that were the experts in the local conditions of the country. The aim of the study was to extract the main criteria that influence tourists to visit BiH and provide a ranking of tourist destinations in terms of popularity.

  13. The Politics, Practice and Paradox of ‘Ethnic Security’ in Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Vesna Bojicic-Dzelilovic

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The international intervention in Bosnia-Herzegovina was intended to support conflict resolution by introducing territorial self-government and power sharing as the foundation for a governance framework that would provide for collective and individual security alignment over time. Instead, it has contributed to the ethnification of security whereby collective security in the form of an ‘ethnified state’ remains at the forefront of political discourse and practice. Social acceptance of this ethnified state as the guarantor of security—despite the fading reality of the ethnic threat in public perceptions of post-war insecurity—has been actively manufactured by the country’s ethnic elites using the very institutional means put in place by the international intervention. The result is an ‘ethnic security paradox’ in which the idea of individual safety—linked to the protection of ethnic identity in the form of an ethnified state—unsettles both collective and individual security alike.

  14. RESPONSE OF SOYBEANS AND WHEAT TO PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION ON CALCAREOUS ALLUVIAL SOIL OF SAVA VALLEY AREA IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    JOVIC, Jurica; Antunovic, Manda; Rastija, Mirta; Varga, Ivana

    2015-01-01

    The stationary field experiment of increasing rates of phosphorus (P) fertilization started in spring 2011 on calcareous alluvial soil of Posavian Canton in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). The level of plant available P was found to be low by previous soil tests carried on with ammonium-lactate-method (7.06 pH in 1 M KCl; 4.17% organic matter; 3.79% CaCO3; 5.4 mg P2O5 in 100 g of soil). Five rates of P fertilizers (monoammonium phosphate: 13% N + 53 % P2O5) were applied as fol...

  15. An Evaluation of Micro-Credit Programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina Using Porter’s Diamond Model

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    Mohammad HAMAD

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The effective design and delivery of a microcredit program is difficult under any circumstance. Similarly, the task of microcredit institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina that provide financial stability to its most impoverished members is very much complicated. The purpose of this paper is to explore competitive advantages that microcredit industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina has by using Porter's diamond model. The demonstration of the Diamond Model is used to explain the competitive advantage that the microcredit industry has in Bosnia and Herzegovina. To analyze the competitive advantages, secondary data were used from various institutional and governmental resources .The findings reflect that the meaningful objectives were set out by microcredit institutions in the country including objectively verifiable indicators of achievements. Among peers in Kosovo and in other Balkan regions (Albania, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, as well as peers similar in size and market outreach from Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ECA, the Bosnian microcredit institutions are some of the most highly leveraged. There is a clear upward trend in the median indicator for portfolio at risk between 2006 and 2008. The inflationary pressures that started at the end of 2007 in BH as well as the repercussions of the global 2008/2009 financial crisis have affected the repayment capacity of clients. From a policy perspective, the results suggest that in order to improve efficiency in the microcredit sector, and in the financial sector as a whole, a unified banking agency for the country must be established. Despite being hopeful for future, this doesn't seem likely to happen until the Bosnian Constitution is amended sometime in the future.

  16. Cochrane and its prospects in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Relying on Cochrane Croatia

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    Mersiha Mahmić-Kaknjo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we describe Cochrane and its products: Cochrane systematic reviews (CSRs and other Cochrane evidence. Cochrane is a unique, international, non-profit organisation that offers health care providers, health care consumers and other decision makers unbiased and highly reliable information on health, which is pivotal for conscientious and responsible decision making in overall healthcare. Cochrane offers the highest ranked evidence in Evidence Based Medicine (EBM – systematic reviews. Currently, CSRs are freely available in BH, and therefore, they ought to be widely used, and understood. We will present the new Cochrane Strategy to 2020, which was the main topic of the 6th Croatian Cochrane Symposium (CroCoS, as well as explore prospects for spreading Cochrane activities to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH, through collaboration with Cochrane Croatia. BH has no officially organized Cochrane activity, as yet. We hope that this article will raise awareness about Cochrane in BH, help promote its activities, and deepen the existing collaboration with Cochrane Croatia. There are already some changes being introduced concerning Cochrane – at least, in one half, the Federation of BH (FBH. Two documents symbolising official recognition of policy changes towards Cochrane have recently been published in the Official Gazette of FBH. Conclusion. Since founding a BH Cochrane Branch would be costly and difficult to achieve in a complicated environment, such as the one we have, BH could use the good will, experience, knowledge, and translated educational, training and web materials of Cochrane Croatia, particularly given the language similarities, to promote evidence based medicine in BH.

  17. ICHTHYOFAUNA OF THE HUTOVO BLATO WETLAND (LOWER RIVER NERETVA, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA; STATUS AND VULNERABILITY

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    Jakov Dulčić

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Hutovo Blato Nature Park is a small, shallow Mediterranean-type wetland of the River Neretva basin located in the SE of Bosnia and Herzegovina, about 20 km upstream from the Adriatic Sea, near the border with the Republic of Croatia. The River Neretva basin has a special value due to high freshwater fish fauna biodiversity anda high degree of endemism. Because of its natural characteristics, especially its fishes, the wetland area is one of the most important parts of the River Neretva and as such was declared as a Nature Park in 1995 and included in the Ramsar Convention as an internationally important area. The present study analyses the fish fauna of the Hutovo Blato Nature Park which is less known. When drawing up the list of fish species, several data sources were used: our research data from the period 1999-2010, literature data and data on the catch of rare species collected by the park rangers, professional and sport fishermen, as well as our unpublished data. During our study, 25 fish species were recorded (by including the literature data the number raises to 43, and distributed in 36 genera and 19 families. Native species represent 63%, of which 15 are endemic with a very narrow range of distribution, while 15 species are exotic. Ichthyofauna of the Hutovo Blato wetland is notable for a number of marine species that reside there temporarily. A significant number of species from this list are found in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and are mostly endemic. Over the past decades, the tropic status of the wetland has changed as a result of anthropogenic activity, resulting in serious problems. The current status of the Hutovo Blato wetland and fish fauna in the wider area can be described as threatened. Effective habitat protection together with improved water management and measures to prevent the dispersion of exotic species, are particularly important in order to protect high ichthyofaunal diversity of this wetland.

  18. The ecological aspect of ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology of population in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redzić, Sulejman S

    2007-09-01

    This paper contains first systematical revision of the results on traditional use of wild medicinal and aromatic herbs on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H)--west of Balkan Peninsula; Southeast of Europe. There have been detected 227 plants belonging to 71 different plant families, which are being used with ethno therapeutic purpose. Results were obtained by method of open ethno botanical interview which comprised 150 persons, whose average age was 63. Medicinal plants in ethno therapy are being used either in fresh, raw or dried condition. Different herbal parts, depending on period of vegetation season, sometimes even in winter, are basis for preparation of infusions (59%), decoct (19%), tinctures (4%). Especially original are balms known as Bosnian "mehlems", which are fresh cuted herbal parts mixed with lukewarm resin, raw cow butter or honey. In ethno therapy are mostly being used aerial plant organs. Majority of herbs is being used for treatment of illnesses of respiratory (22%), gastrointestinal (19%) and urinary and genital system (9%), for treatment of skin conditions (11%), as well as for nervous system and heart diseases (16%). The most original plants on the field of ethno pharmacology, comparing with ethno therapy practice of other regions, are as follows: Ballota nigra, Aesculus hippocastanum, Calluna vulgaris, Centaurea cyanus, Euphrasia rostkoviana, Geranium robertianum, Gentiana asclepiadea, Helichrysum italicum, Lycopodium clavatum, Marrubium vulgare, Nepeta cataria, Populus tremula, Ruta graveolens, Tamus communis, Teucrium montanum, T. chamaedrys, and endemic plants Gentiana lutea subsp. symphyandra, Teucrium arduini, Micromeria thymifolia, Satureja montana, S. subspicata, Rhamnus fallax and Viola elegantula. There haven't been noticed significant differences in the frequencies of medicinal plants use among different ethnical groups. But, it has been perceived that longer ethno therapeutic tradition possess inhabitants of sub- and

  19. Devonian conodonts from the Foča–Prača Paleozoic complex (Durmitor Nappe, southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Bogdan Jurkovšek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Conodont study of the Crna Rijeka borehole CR-17, positioned in the frontal part of the Durmitor Nappe (Foča – Prača Paleozoic complex, SE Bosnia and Herzegovina is presented. The obtained fauna indicates an Early-Middle Devonian age and due to poor preservation an identification at a generic level is possible only. The recovered conodont elements have a high Color Alteration Index (CAI = 6,5–7 indicating a degree of metamorphism corresponding to a temperature interval from 440 °C to 720 °C.

  20. Intrafamilial Transmission of Hepatitis B: Experience and Lessons Learned in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nermin N. Salkic

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV infection varies markedly throughout the world, ranging from 0.1% to 20%, hence the conceptual division into zones of low ( 8% endemicity. It is widely accepted that in regions of high endemicity, infection in the neonatal and early-childhood periods is very frequent, and apparently 70% to 90% of the population in highly endemic areas is exposed to HBV before reaching 40 years of age (1. On the other hand, in low-endemicity areas, neonatal and early-childhood infection are rare or sporadic. The situation becomes quite interesting in areas of intermediate endemicity, in which the age of infection and dominant routes of transmission vary from region to region and depend on regional characteristics (2. .Family members and household contacts of HBV carriers are a well recognized risk group for HBV transmission, and the routes of intrafamilial spread of HBV infection have been investigated since the very beginning of HBV research (3, 4. Investigation of intrafamilial transmission in a particular region usually reveals valuable information about the routes of HBV spread in general, and many researchers from several distinct geographic areas have explored the problem and described local peculiarities (5-12..Hepatitis B in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Prior to 2007, exact data on HBV prevalence in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H did not exist; the only data we had came from the World Health Organization's (WHO estimate, calculated as a simple average of prevalence in neighboring countries. Also, we did not know anything about the dominant routes of HBV transmission in our country, nor did we know anything about intrafamilial transmission of HBV. Still, this lack of reliable information was not unusual. As a country just coming out of a horrible war, with massive population migration and with the society's resources directed toward restoration of everything that was destroyed, we had a challenging setting for any

  1. Qualitative analysis of coal combusted in boilers of the thermal power plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Đurić Slavko N.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have looked into the qualitative analysis of coals in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B-H. The analysis includes the following characteristics: moisture (W, ash (A, combustible matter (Vg and lower heating value (Hd. From the statistic parameters we have determined: absolute range (R, arithmetic mean (X, standard deviation (S and variations coefficient (Cv. It has been shown that the coal characteristics (W, A, Vg, Hd have normal distribution. The analysis show that there are considerable deviations of ash characteristics: moisture (36.23%, ash (34.21%, combustible matter (16.15% and lower heating value (25.16% from the mean value which is shown by the variations coefficient (Cv. Large oscilations of mass portions: W, A, Vg and Hd around the mean value can adversely influence the function of a boiler plant and an electric filter plant in thermal power plants in B-H in which the mentioned types of coal burn. Large ash oscilations (34.21% around the mean value point out to the inability of application of dry procedures of desulphurisation of smoke gasses (FGD due to the additional quantity of ash. It has been shown that the characteristics of Bosnian types of coal do not deviate a lot from the characteristics of coal in the surrounding countries (coals of Serbia and Monte Negro. The results can be used in analysis of coal combustion in thermal power plants, optimisation of electrical-filtre, reduction of SO2 in smoke gas and other practical problems.

  2. Atmospheric Pollutants Monitoring by Analysis of Epiphytic Lichen Hypogymnia physodes in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Memić, M.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The ability of lichens to accumulate levels of elements in excess of physiological requirements in close correlation with atmospheric elemental levels has led to their wide-scale application as practical biomonitors of inorganic atmospheric contamination. The advantages of using lichens over conventional air sampling techniques are that lichens are perennial and can be found in most terrestrial habitats. The epiphytic lichen Hypogymnia physodes was used to monitor atmospheric pollution in the Sarajevo city region, Bosnia and Herzegovina. H. physodes is a very common epiphytic lichen on trees with a slightly acidic or neutral bark. An inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS has been used for the determination of 14 elements (Al, Ba, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sr and Zn in lichen samples from five locations in the Sarajevo area. Achieved results have been compared with literary data from northwestern countries of Europe and Slovenia.A detailed analysis of air pollution with toxic metals and other elements has not yet been made in the area of Sarajevo. So far, analyses of the air quality in Sarajevo have been based on determining the fraction of: SO2, NOx, CO2, CO, O3, smoke, PM 10. This motivated us (especially after the war 1992-1995 to conduct multi-elemental analyses of epiphytic lichen Hypogymnia physodes.The results show that the mass fraction of Cr, Pb and Zn in our samples significantly differ from data on the fraction of these elements in samples of lichen in Northwestern European countries.

  3. Bosnia and Herzegovina: The National Report on Implementing the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina has made a political commitment with regard to the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources and the Supplementary Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources. The State Regulatory Agency for Radiation and Nuclear Safety (SRARNS) is established as the effectively independent regulatory body for radiation and nuclear safety based on the Law on Radiation and Nuclear Safety promulgated in November 2007. Law is compatible with relevant IAEA Safety Standards and Guides for safety and security of radioactive sources. After its complete reorganization in the last few years, the regulatory system reflects the international standards, including most of the requirements of the Code of Conduct and supplementary guidance. The report gives a brief overview of the new regulatory framework in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with special focus on functions and competences of the implementing authority, basic principles of the licensing, inspection and enforcement procedures. The report also includes an overview of the state registry of radioactive sources and the system of prevention and management of orphan sources

  4. Agreement between Bosnia and Herzegovina and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Agreement between Bosnia and Herzegovina and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Agreement on 5 June 2012. It was signed on 6 June 2012 in Vienna, Austria. Pursuant to Article 25 of the Agreement, the Agreement entered into force on 4 April 2013, the date on which the Agency received from Bosnia and Herzegovina written notification that Bosnia and Herzegovina's statutory and constitutional requirements for entry into force had been met.

  5. Controversy and concerns in the relationship of medicine and the media in bosnia and herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajdarevic, Braco; Slaku, Jasmina; Masic, Izet

    2010-01-01

    Medicine and the media are two areas important in the life of every man, which are in almost daily contact with each other and in dependence. Their relations in BiH are currently elemental, focused on direct, immediate needs, without defined rules, with a lot of disorientation, incompetence and irresponsibility, often without respect for at least the minimum rules of conduct and respect, often with a lot of conflict and hostility. The goal of our work is based on the analysis of newspaper articles, TV programs and Web sites in the period of one year and was to assess the current situation and suggest solutions. In order to acquire objective insight into the current situation, in the preparation of the symposium "Medicine and Media" in Mostar, we analyzed all stories related to medicine in two daily newspapers, two weekly, three TV stations in the period from September 1st 2008 to August 31st 2009, and the web sites of hospital institutions, Department of Health Insurance in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Ministries of Health which were available online on 1st and 2nd September 2009. In total we managed to process 402 contents as written content, TV shows or stories in TV shows and 28 web pages, and we believe that our sample is representative. We have found the following characteristics of the current situation in BiH that have to be changed: Topics in the press, web sites or programs on health services should have some kind of certification, i.e. licensing so that is clear that the contents of the announcement is made under control of health care professionals, i.e., licensed or of optional entertainment content; In cases of professional accusation of any specific person, usually a doctor, not to state full name of the before the existence of binding court decisions, or in case of possible litigation not to allow favoring of any party of the dispute; In addition to the interest in the work of health institutions it is necessary to direct media attention towards

  6. Topografski znaci na katastarskim planovima austro - ugarskog premjera Bosne i Hercegovine : Topographical symbols on cadastral plans of the austro-hungarian survey of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Kemal Arnautović

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Austro-Ugarska Monarhija je izvršila katastarski premjer Bosne i Hercegovine u periodu od 1880-1884. godine. Izrađeni su katastarski planovi u razmjerama: 1: 6 250, 1:3 125, 1:1 562.5 i 1:781.25 koji se i danas koriste za održavanje zemljišne knjige. Za pravila premjera korištena je Instrukcija za katastarski premjer Bosne i Hercegovine iz 1880. god. (Instruction für die Katastral-Vermessung Bosnien und Herzegovina. Na planovima su korišteni topografski znaci iz priloga Instrukcije: ZEICHENMUSTER-PREDLOŽAK OZNAKA, koji su prevedeni sa njemačkog jezika. Originali katastarskih planova čuvaju se u Bečkom arhivu, a katastarske uprave Bosne i Hercegovine su dobile na korištenje litografsku kopiju u crno-bijeloj boji. Primjerci litografskih kopija za cijelu Bosnu i Hercegovinu sačuvani su u arhivi bivše Geodetske uprave Bosne i Hercegovine i konačno su preuzeti u Arhiv Bosne i Herecegovine. : Austro-Hungarian Monarchy conducted a cadastral survey of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period from 1880 to 1884. Cadastral maps at 1:6 250, 1:3 125, 1:1 562.5 and 1:781.25 scales were made that are used for land books maintenance even at present. The Instructions for the Cadastral Survey of Bosnia and Herzegovina of 1880 (Instruction für die Katastral-Vermessung Bosnien und Herzegovina 1880 were used as the survey rules. Topographic symbols used on the maps were taken from the Annex to the Instructions: SAMPLES of SYMBOLS (ZEICHENMUSTER that have been translated from German. Original cadastre maps are kept in the Archives of Vienna, while different cadastre administrations of Bosnia and Herzegovina received black and white lithographic copies. Samples of lithographic copies for the whole of Bosnia and Herzegovina were kept in the archives of the former Geodetic Administration of Bosnia and Herzegovina and have finally been taken over by the Archives of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  7. FISH HATCHERY IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF BOSANSKA KRUPA IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PILOT PROJECT

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    N. Ajanovic

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The Norwegian Government financed the project GCP/BIH/003/NOR “Support to Income Generation through establishment of a Fish Hatchery in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, worth one million US dollars, that includes the construction of a fish hatchery on the banks of the River Krusnica in order to create jobs and incomes for people living with disability in Bosanska Krupa. The hatchery is dedicated to producing local strains of brown trout (Salmo trutta m. fario, grayling (Thymallus thymallus and Danube salmon (Hucho hucho for re–stocking the natural waters of the Krusnica/Una River catchments (and larger Bosnia and Herzegovina and Danube basin, support the rehabilitation of fish populations and to help revitalize local tourism. The Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO, based in Budapest, Hungary implements the project in close collaboration with the Sport Fishermen’s Association of Krusnica, which currently has 351 members. A fish hatchery, a pilot Recirculation Aquaculture System (RAS in the valley of the River Krusnica, is the first of its kind in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is suitable for production of 250,000 to 450,000 fingerlings annually. Five war invalids are employed at the hatchery continuously since fish production began in November of 2008. The production technology learned by the staff abroad was adapted to the local conditions. The hatchery is expected to be self–sustainable in its operation from sale of fingerlings. Since the hatchery activity has received wider publicity, anglers’ interest in the River Krusnica and River Una has increased. Further increase in the number of visitors is expected after restocking the fish into the river, since the bigger fish populations will attract more and more anglers.

  8. Scientometric Analysis of Scientific Validity of Medical Archives Regarding Other Medical Journals in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet; Begic, Edin; Zunic, Lejla

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Medical Archives is the oldest medical journal in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) (founded in 1947.). A total of 104 articles were published in Medical Archives during 2015. Analyzing the type of articles, original articles are present in majority during 2015–80.7% (in last seven years, 561 (76%) were original out of 738). In last seven years, 651 (88.2%) articles were from the field of clinical medicine (preclinical disciplines, in the last three years are more represented than in previous years). Collaboration rate in 2015 was 0,92. Articles written in collaboration of five authors (21.1 %) are found to be predominant. From year to year, most often required time for a decision on acceptance or on the revision prior acceptance is between 50 and 60 days (30% of cases in 2015). During 2015, 47.1% of articles were originally from B&H (eleven countries were represented). H index of Medical Archive for 2014 was 12, and does not vary during the last decade. Findings: In 2015 in B&H about twenty-five journals are issued in the field of biomedical and life sciences in general (six are indexed on Medline/PubMed, one is indexed in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE)/Web of Science base). According to GoogleScholar the biggest h5 index has Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences (BJBMS) and Medical Archives, while the biggest h5 median has BJBMS i Acta Informatica Medica. The highest H-index (13) in B&H has Izet Masic MD, PhD, Enver Zerem MD, PhD and Semir Vranic MD, PhD, while highest g-index (22) has Enver Zerem MD, PhD (analyzed by software package “Publish or Perish”). Conclusion: By comparing the state of medical publishing in B&H with neighboring countries (Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro), we have concluded that B&H is behind Croatia and Serbia by following parameters: Total Documents, Total Cites and H index but in front of Montenegro. PMID:26980926

  9. Religious Moral Beliefs Inversely Related to Trauma Experiences Severity and Presented Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Bosnia and Herzegovina War Veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasanović, Mevludin; Pajević, Izet

    2015-08-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the correlation of the level of religious moral beliefs (RMB) with trauma experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity in war veterans of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The sample consists of 120 Bosnian war veterans divided into two equal groups-one with and one without PTSD. We used the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the RMB belief scale. We then correlated the severity of trauma experiences and PTSD symptoms with veterans' scores on the RMB scale. The score on the RMB scale was negatively correlated to severity of trauma experiences and PTSD symptoms (Pearson's r = -0.509, P = 0.004; Pearson's r = -0.325, P < 0.001, respectively). The RMB may have protective role in the mental health stability of severely traumatized war veterans. PMID:25260388

  10. Petrographic and EMP study of metamorphic rocks from the Variscan basement of Dinarides (Vranica Mountains, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Vranica Mountains are located in the middle part of Bosnia and Herzegovina or in the southeastern part of the Mid - Bosnian schist Mountains (MBSM). The Mid - Bosnian schist Mountains represent one of the largest allochtonous Paleozoic terranes in the Dinarides. This region is characterized by a multistage geodynamic evolution. The presented results concern Variscan metamorphism of the Silur-Devonian protolith formations that occurred mainly during the Early Carboniferous in LT/MP greenschist facies. Petrographical description of metamorphic rocks is completed by EMPA of muscovite, chlorite and chloritoid. The Early Alpine metamorphic overprint is related to the closure of a Tethyan Basin and Early Cretaceous collision of the Adria microplate with the Tissia-Moesia continental Blocks. The Neo-Alpine metamorphic overprint occurred due to the collision of the African and Euroasian Plates. (authors)

  11. Conflicts Between Forestry and Wood-Processing Industry in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Reasons, Actors and Possible Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Marić

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: Caused by appearance of new stakeholders and diversification of their interests towards forests, different forest-related conflicts emerged worldwide. As a country with economy in transition and relatively young democracy, Bosnia-Herzegovina might be suitable for understanding the roots, actors and varieties of these conflicts. This paper deals with the most frequent forest-related conflicts, main actors involved as well as undertaken actions in order to manage them in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Material and Methods: The theoretical framework is based on the Conflict Management Progress Triangle consisting of three dimensions of conflict: substance, process and relations. As particular focus in this paper is given to conflicts between forestry and wood-processing industry, the primary parties in this study were public forestry companies and wood processing companies. For the purpose of this survey a special questionnaire has been designed. The survey population included the most important actors of forest and wood-processing industry as follows: ministries of forestry, nature protection and physical planning at all levels, managers/owners of wood-processing companies, managers of public forest companies and public forest administration, representatives of the most important environmental NGOs and professional associations, managers of protected areas and water management authorities, heads of forest research institutions, economy of chambers and international institutions. In total 136 questionnaires were collected, out of which 68 respondents identified conflicts between forestry and wood-processing industry as the most important ones. Results and Conclusion: The numerical (tabulated yield table of normative nature presents data given to six yield classes (base age: 25 years including the most important stand structural and yield features expressing in terms of main stand, removing stand (which can be removed in tending

  12. Active avian influenza surveillance in backyard poultry population in federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina during 2008-2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Following the case of avian influenza that occurred in Bosnia and Herzegovina in February 2006, the Federation Ministry of Agriculture Water Management and Forestry and FAO in cooperation with BiH NRL for Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease and veterinary authorities promoted, founded and implemented a Federation-wide surveillance programme. The main objectives of the surveillance effort were to identify if there are avian influenza viruses (AIV) circulating in backyard poultry flocks and to determine their actual prevalence in the same population. Over 5 months (December 2008 to April 2009), 3.556 cloacal swabs and 296 blood samples were collected from more than 100 households. Out of total number of samples only 5 were positive on ELISA test but they have not been confirmed with rT-PCR or embrionated SAN eggs. (author)

  13. Characteristics of chickenpox in children and adults at a tertiary health center in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusmir Baljic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Chickenpox is very contagious childhood disease, which occurs due to varicella-zoster virus (VZV primaryinfection. Disease in healthy children resolves usually without complications, but risk of complication is much higherin adults and immunocompromised hosts. The goal of this study was to determine different clinical and epidemiologicalcharacteristics, laboratory features, clinical course, and outcome of chickenpox in children and adults.Material and methods: The descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Infectious Diseases, Clinical Centerin Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The study included 120 patients chosen randomly. We compared their clinical andepidemiological characteristics, laboratory investigations, complications and the outcome of the disease.Results: Age of patients was in range from one to 48 years. Male patients prevailed in both groups (65% in adults,52% in children. Hospitalization rate was 10.7/100,000 inhabitants. Positive contact with chickenpox was confirmed in80% adults and 82% children. Dominating symptoms were fever, rash and muscle aches. Levels of C-reactive protein,erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESR and fibrinogen levels were elevated in both groups, while thrombocytopenia waspresented in 33% of adults and 3% of children. Adults had complications in 83.3% and their hospitalization rate waslonger compared to children (11.5 days vs. 9.5 days, p<0.001.Conclusions: Chickenpox is a potentially severe illness in adult patients. Introduction of active immunization in Bosnia-Herzegovina should be considered to prevent severe forms of chickenpox. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2012; 2(2: 64-67Key words: Chickenpox, complications, pneumonia

  14. “Two schools under one roof”. The role of education in the reconciliation process in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Tolomelli

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper will take into consideration scientific literature as well as institutional documents in order to outline the present situation of the educational system in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A particular focus will be put on the Interface between politics and religion, as authorities of the latter hold many interests in controlling the education sector. The centuries-old tradition of cultural and religious coexistence in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH has been disappearing rapidly since the beginning of the Yugoslav war in 1992. As a matter of fact, the war destroyed multicultural acceptance.In the case of BiH, ‘ethnicities’ have been forged in order to justify politicaleconomic interests, despite a cultural common background. It is for this reason that it would be more appropriate to use the term “entities” rather than “ethnicities”, as historically speaking the three groups share common roots.The case study of the “two schools under one roof” constitutes the worst example of discrimination within the educational environment of BiH. This system sees some school buildings of BiH providing different spaces and curricula for students belonging to different entities. Even though the project was meant to be temporary (OSCE formulated the project in 2000 in order to cope with the highly problematic situation at stake in some areas of the country, it seems that this strategy will persist, for authorities and parents alike have shown no intention to abandon it. It should also be said that the segregated system affects not only students, but teachers as well, as their appointment keeps been carried out on ethnic criteria.

  15. Diffusion of complex health innovations--implementation of primary health care reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atun, Rifat A; Kyratsis, Ioannis; Jelic, Gordan; Rados-Malicbegovic, Drazenka; Gurol-Urganci, Ipek

    2007-01-01

    Most transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia are engaged in health reform initiatives aimed at introducing primary health care (PHC) centred on family medicine to enhance performance of their health systems. But, in these countries the introduction of PHC reforms has been particularly challenging; while some have managed to introduce pilots, many have failed to these scale up. Using an innovation lens, we examine the introduction and diffusion of family-medicine-centred PHC reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), which experienced bitter ethnic conflicts that destroyed much of the health systems infrastructure. The study was conducted in 2004-05 over a 18-month period and involved both qualitative and quantitative methods of inquiry. In this study we report the findings of the qualitative research, which involved in-depth interviews in three stages with key informants that were purposively sampled. In our research, we applied a proprietary analytical framework which enables simultaneous and holistic analysis of the context, the innovation, the adopters and the interactions between them over time. While many transition countries have struggled with the introduction of family-medicine-centred PHC reforms, in spite of considerable resource constraints and a challenging post-war context, within a few years, BiH has managed to scale up multifaceted reforms to cover over 25% of the country. Our analysis reveals a complex setting and bidirectional interaction between the innovation, adopters and the context, which have collectively influenced the diffusion process. Family-medicine-centred PHC reform is a complex innovation-involving organizational, financial, clinical and relational changes-within a complex adaptive system. An important factor influencing the adoption of this complex innovation in BiH was the perceived benefits of the innovation: benefits which accrue to the users, family physicians, nurses and policy makers. In the case of Bi

  16. Society and organizational culture and leadership expectations in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Bogdanić, Danijela

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis I explore the relationship between characteristics of the society culture in Bosnia, the organizational culture of Bosnian enterprises and characteristics of the expected leadership in Bosnian companies of three branches of industry (food processing, telecommunications, and financial services). Much of the inspiration for this thesis comes from the Global Leadership and Organizational Behaviour Effectiveness (GLOBE) project. The main idea of GLOBE is to advance an empirically e...

  17. Analysis of Causes and Effects of Applying IAS And IFRS in Case of Mergers and Acquisitions of Banks in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meliha Bašić

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the effect of the “stabilization and accession” process, i.e. of fulfillingrequirements for entry of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union,over the past few years, has been the privatization and concentration of banks’ capital,primarilythroughtheprocessoftheirmergers.1 The paper is primarily aimed at analyzing the way, causes and effects of applying IASand IFRS in mergers and acquisitions of banks in the Federation of Bosnia andHerzegovina. The presented analysis revealed the discrepancy between regulations by theBanking Agency of Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina, as the supervisory body forbanking in this part of BH and IAS and IFRS, particularly with respect to the frameworkfor financial reporting for banks, a lack of detailed disclosure prescribed by IAS andIFRS, as well as of instructions and methodology related to the processes that must beconducted. It directly resulted in unrealistic, unbjective and, naturally, insufficientlycomprehensible, and insufficiently controllable and comparable financial statements bygiven banks, before and after mergers and acquisitions. In the same time, it made it moredifficult to do business, conduct internal and external control and auditing, particularly bya regulatory body, and resulted in a series of objections by foreign controllers (IMF,IBRD. The conducted research points to problems present in practice with respect tomergers and acquisitions of banks in the Federation B-H, and provides guidelines fortheir possible solution.

  18. Urban development and influential factors on urban form of towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period of socialism and transition: Case study of Banjaluka and Trebinje

    OpenAIRE

    Milojević Brankica

    2013-01-01

    Throughout the history, the urban development of towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been strongly influenced by different social systems that were transponed into the urban space giving it general characteristics common for the most cities. The character of the urban form of cities also pointed to the influence of various individual factors which can be generally classified into three groups: the natural characteristics of the urban space, created physical...

  19. (Re)constructions: armed conflicts, cultural heritage, (inter)national policies and local practices of memorialization in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Musi, Maja

    2015-01-01

    In the early 1990s, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia collapsed into a set of wars dominated by aggressive nationalist ideologies, that crucially reinterpreted ‘history’ and ‘memory’ to recollect past sufferings and intergroup animosities and corroborate ethnic distinctiveness in essentialist terms. In the mixed area of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the conflict (1992-1995) entailed the use of systematic violence to eradicate and/or eliminate the ethnic “Other” from contested territories...

  20. Beyond the call of duty: is there a difference in motivation of staff in profit and nonprofit organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

    OpenAIRE

    Stojanovic, Arlett

    2008-01-01

    "This paper looks at the conditions that influence employee motivation at the organizational and individual level in profit and nonprofit organizations. The large presence of international organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) offered a unique opportunity to test the hypothesis that profit organizations have more sophisticated human resource (HR) systems than nonprofit organizations, which could not be confirmed. At the level of individual motivation factors the paper found difference...

  1. AGRARIAN RELATIONS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA DURING THE TURKISH AND AUSTRO - HUNGARIAN OCCUPATION, AND THEIR REMOVAL WITH AGRARIAN REFORM FROM 1919 TO 1931

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Sparavalo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available At the start we give a brief surveyof the relations of production in the currentdevelopment of human society. This is done fromthe standpoint of Marx's notion of productiverelations. Then we discuss about relations ofproduction in agriculture, addressed as agrarianrelations. They are very different from the relationsof production in other areas of the economy. Thisresults from the specificity of agriculture. Infeudalism, they are the essence of social relations.With the economic development their influence isdecreasing, but in capitalism they also have certaincharacteristics. Turkish military-feudal system wasthe essential feature of the Asian mode ofproduction. The Turkish occupation of Bosnia andHerzegovina lasted for more than four centuries.Military-feudal system was significantly differentfrom the feudalism of Western Europe. Statedisposition of land and appropriation of rents areincorporated into the strategy of conquest of newand preservation of the occupied territories.Islamization has contributed to strengthening andthe long duration of that system. The way ofappropriation of labor surplus significantly slowedthe economic development of Bosnia andHerzegovina. Austro-Hungarian occupationauthorities accounted for some positivedevelopments in agriculture, but did not abolishfeudal relations Agrarian reform (1919.-1931.removed from the feudal relations in agriculture,Bosnia and Herzegovina and created the initialconditions for the development of capitalism.

  2. UNEP and IAEA exploring the possibility of sending depleted uranium missions to Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Iraq

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Vienna/Nairobi - Mohamed ElBaradei, the Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Klaus Toepfer, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), have agreed to consider ways and means to respond to requests for fact-finding missions to Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Iraq where depleted uranium (DU) was used during military conflicts. The two organizations will co-ordinate their action with the World Health Organization, which has recently decided to send a team to study the health effects of depleted uranium in Iraq, as well as with other relevant UN system organizations. Pekka Haavisto, Chairman of UNEP's Depleted Uranium Assessment Team, is meeting today with UN officials in Sarajevo for consultations on a possible future mission to Bosnia-Herzegovina. Mr. Haavisto will visit Belgrade tomorrow to meet with officials of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The IAEA is considering holding a training course to improve the understanding and skills of specialist staff from concerned countries. The main focus will be on measurement methods and the assessment of risks from depleted uranium and other radioactivity. The possibility of sending fact-finding missions to Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Iraq follows last year's mission to Kosovo by the UNEP-led DU Assessment Team. UNEP will wait for the scientific findings of the report of the Kosovo mission, expected to be released in early March, before it embarks on new DU field assessments. (author)

  3. When ethnicity trumps gender: A comparative analysis of how transitional justice processes addressed violence against women in Bosnia-Herzegovina and South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Thomson, Fiona Mary

    2010-01-01

    Recognizing the significant challenges facing women’s empowerment, this project examines how transitional justice processes have addressed women’s experiences in conflict and post-conflict recovery in Bosnia-Herzegovina and South Africa. This project argues that both the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) failed to meet their mandates in prioritizing reconciliation for women because the ethnic divis...

  4. INTRAPRENEURSHIP IMPACT ON GROWTH OF PRODUCTION COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Muzafer Brigić; Bahrija Umihanović

    2015-01-01

    Growth and development are among the main goals of every company. A dedication to the activities which create conditions for growth and development is an important management operation. Entrepreneurial activity provides prerequisites so that growth and development can be achieved. In large and existing companies, entrepreneurial activity presents intrapreneurship. The subject of this paper is to what extent are intrapreneurial activities present in production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovi...

  5. Reception of Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac’s composing creativity in the musical life of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Austro-Hungarian period

    OpenAIRE

    Paćuka Lana

    2014-01-01

    With the arrival of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Bosnia and Herzegovina encountered Western European social trends, which affected the shaping of musical life physiognomy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. In this extremely intricate relationship between national and pro-European-oriented cultural trends, Serbian composer Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac had a special position as a unique musical phenomenon, since he was a composer whose music...

  6. "Recruitment to the organsization for security and co-operation in Europe`s mission to Bosnia- Herzegovina" : applying organizational theory to effective peacebuilding

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Research on international peacebuilding has paid very little attention to the possible influence of internal organizational structures within the organizations carrying out the work. This thesis seeks to add to this knowledge, by providing insights into the recruitment and selection process of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH). The purpose of this study is to build knowledge about how the OSCE recruit, and use that knowledge to better ...

  7. Tito’s children?: educational resources, language learning and cultural capital in the life histories of interpreters working in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Baker , Catherine

    2011-01-01

    The foreign military forces and international organisations that have operated in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH) since 1992 recruited thousands of local people, often young students, to work as interpreters. Drawing on 31 life history interviews conducted in 2009–10 with language workers who grew up in former Yugoslavia, this paper seeks to answer whether certain age groups and social strata that emerged from socialist Yugoslav society were better able to benefit in the ‘SFOR economy’ that resulted...

  8. Translation and validation of the instrument for the oral health-related quality of life assessment in 3 to 5 years old children in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amra Hadžipašić Nazdrajić

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: During 2007. in the U.S. was developed the questionnaire for caregivers with 13 items for assessing the oral health-related quality of life in children 3-5 years of age, The Early Childhood Oral Health ImpactScale, The ECOHIS. The aim of this study was to perform the fi rst part of the adaptation process for this instrument in Bosnia-Herzegovina: translation, cross-cultural adaptation and the comprehensibility testing.Methods: ECOHIS was translated from English into the one of the languages in Bosnia-Herzegovina using a standardized forward-backward translation method. Two licensed, professional English-language translators, one dentist and one pediatrician, participated in the development of the preliminary BH-ECOHIS version. All translators were native Bosnian speakers. After translation and adaptation of ECOHIS to Bosnia and Herzegovina setting, pilot-research was performed in order to check the comprehensibility of the questionnaire.Results: The original and the back-translated version were the same. Because not all children in Bosnia-Herzegovina attend preschool, school or daycare, we replaced the question number fi ve from the originalEnglish version “missed preschool, daycare or school“ with “had difficulties in everyday activities”. Translated and culturally adapted version of the ECOHIS was applied in a form of an interview (N=16. Parents/caregivershad no diffi culties to understand the questionnaire.Conclusions: BH-ECOHIS showed excellent comprehensibility. Next step in the validation process should be the testing of its measurement characteristic.

  9. Sexual Compulsivity Comorbidity With Depression, Anxiety, and Substance Use in Students From Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dzanan Berberovic

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to examine relationships between sexual compulsivity, depression (including level of self-esteem anxiety, and the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs in a sample of 1,711 students from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sexual compulsivity, depression, and anxiety were measured with standardized scales and inventories (the Sexual Compulsivity Scale – SCS, the Beck Depression Inventory – BDI, and the Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait, STAI-T, respectively, whereas specific questions about tobacco, alcohol, and drug use were modified for the purpose of this study. Results indicated positive, significant but low correlations between sexual compulsivity and depression; sexual compulsivity and anxiety; and sexual compulsivity and substance use; whereas a low, negative but significant correlation was obtained between sexual compulsivity and self-esteem. The strongest predictor of sexual compulsivity was drug use; two other significant predictors were alcohol and depression. Limitations of the study are discussed in the end.

  10. Clinging to a barbed wire fence: the language policy of the international community in Bosnia-Herzegovina since 1995

    OpenAIRE

    Askew, Louise

    2011-01-01

    This study takes one aspect of the post-conflict peace-building process in Bosnia- Herzegovina since 1995 - the recognition of three official but mutually comprehensible languages - and examines the way in which the international community's approach to it has impacted on broader peacebuilding goals for the country. The originality of this thesis lies in the fact that it views post-conflict peace-building in Bosnia-Herzegovina through the lens of the language issue. Taking the Dayton Peace Ag...

  11. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention network in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Where are we now and how to improve PCI network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilić, M; Terzić, I; Kulić, M

    2016-08-01

    Reperfusion is the most effective therapy for patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Time from symptom onset to reperfusion is the most important factor influencing short and long-term mortality. There are several modes of reperfusion therapy. Fibrinolysis (either in pre-hospital or in-hospital setting), and primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) or a combination of both are the most relevant treatment options. Primary p-PCI is the preferred option in centers with experienced teams and a high volume of reperfusion procedures. Cardiovascular mortality rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) is among the highest in Europe, 545/100,000, and the rate of acute myocardial infarction is approximately 7000 per year. Despite recent improvement in reperfusion therapy in the last 5years, mortality of STEMI still patients remains high. The goal of this perspective article is to describe the current situation of p-PCI network in B&H. Establishing networks of reperfusion at regional and national level, implies a broad spectrum and close collaboration between all the actors involved in reperfusion therapy, namely hospitals, cardiology units emergency medical services, and primary care physicians. PMID:27381862

  12. The first report of Trichinella pseudospiralis presence in domestic swine and T. britovi in wild boar in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santrac, Violeta; Nedic, Drago N; Maric, Jelena; Nikolic, Sonja; Stevanovic, Oliver; Vasilev, Sasa; Cvetkovic, Jelena; Sofronic-Milosavljevic, Ljiljana

    2015-09-01

    The Balkans is endemic for nematodes of the genus Trichinella in both domestic and wild animals. The high prevalence of these zoonotic pathogens in animals linked with the food habits to consume raw meat and meat derived products resulted in a very high prevalence of trichinellosis in humans living in this European region. In spite of numerous epidemiological investigations carried out in this region, very few information is available on the Trichinella species circulating in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Trichinella spp. larvae were isolated from a domestic pig reared in a backyard and from a hunted wild boar whose meat had been the source of trichinellosis in one case. Both Trichinella pseudospiralis and T. spiralis have been identified in the domestic pig, whereas, T. britovi was detected in the wild boar. While, T. spiralis is the Trichinella species most frequently detected in domestic pigs, T. pseudospiralis has been previously documented in domestic pigs only three times in Russia, Slovakia and Croatia. The detection of T. britovi in the wild boar confirms that this nematode is the most frequent species circulating among wildlife of Europe. PMID:26204186

  13. POSSIBILITIES FOR IMPROVEMENT OF RISK MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE COAL MINING INDUSTRY OF THE FEDERATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safet Kozarević

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Current business environment and growing exposure to a wide range of risks require companies (especially the large ones to raise a question of risk management, start treating it as a particular business function that needs special attention and for which they have to seek proper solutions within their organizational structure. This particularly affects the coal industry, where risk exposure is rather evident and makes risk management one of the key management issues in general. A central point of the analysis includes companies in the coal industry of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (F BiH, where the management needs to be greatly concerned about protection against risks that affect this industry much more than other industries, in particular pure risks (those that involve only the possibility of loss and no possibility of gain . And if we add the so - called emerging or “newly developing” risks, which are still unknown even to risk management experts, it is clear that management of large companies have to take care of risk management culture development and seek adequate organizational solutions. On the basis of the conducted empirical research, the paper will show and appropriately explain the descriptive analysis results, accordingly used for establishment of the level of risk management efficiency in the coal mines of the F BiH and identification of certain weaknesses, whose elimination could significantly improve the process and increase the level of economic protection for these companies.

  14. Frequency of thyroid cancer in patients operated at Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the period 2007-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrnčić, Nermin; Goga, Amna; Hrnčić, Selma; Filipovska-Mušanović, Marijana; Hatibović, Haris; Hodžić, Ðenad

    2016-08-01

    Aim To determine frequency and type of thyroid cancer (TC) as well as gender and age distribution of patients operated at the Department of Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT), Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Methods A retrospective analysis of data obtained from an operating protocol and disease history of patients operated in the eightyear period (2007- 2014) was made according to the frequency and type of thyroid cancer, as well as age and gender of the patients. χ2 test was used for statistical with pmedullary carcinoma in four (5.41%), Hurthle cell carcinoma in four (5.41%) patients, while anaplastic carcinoma was found in one (1.35%) patient. The number of diagnosed malignancy varied from 0% (in 2007) to 13.91% (in 2014) (p=0.05). Conclusion The prevalence of thyroid cancer is low, but has an increasing trend. A large number of unnecessary surgeries on thyroid gland was performed. Preoperative diagnostic procedures for diseases of the thyroid gland in Cantonal Hospital Zenica should be improved in order to avoid unessential surgeries. PMID:27313111

  15. Genetic differentiation in seed stands of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L. in part of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ballian Dalibor

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Beech (Fagus sylvatica L. is one of the most important forest trees in Bosnia and Herzegovina in both economic and environmental terms. The total area of forest in which beech is present is approx. 1,652,400 ha. There is a proportionate need to plant new forests and produce genetically high quality seed and saplings. Biochemical analysis of the genetic structure of eight populations of beech using ten enzyme systems from 16 isoenzyme gene loci revealed significant differences between the populations analyzed. Variance levels were high in some gene loci, while in some populations monomorphism was recorded only for individual gene loci. The average number of alleles per locus ranged from 2.1875 to 2.5625, and the average number of genotypes per locus varied from 2.6875 to 3.2500. The multilocus genetic diversity at the population level ranged from 63.276 to 162.001, and the genofund diversity varied from 1.2708 to 1.3416.The average differentiation value obtained for all populations was fairly low (Dj=5.81, indicating a percentage of overall variance of about 94.194%.

  16. Model for Estimating the Potential of Social Networking Sites Usage in Tourism Industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Edin Osmanbegović

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Social networking has taken contemporary business experiences to a new level that cannot be compared with anything that happened so far. Tourism industry and travel booking activities have significantly benefited from such development. Potential travellers can communicate with tourist agencies and operators through social networking sites as well as with tourists who already have visited desired destination or used services from certain operator. This means that tourists can get information directly from actors in tourist activities in order to make their travel decision. Social networking has become large resources from which tourists can make decisions. In this paper it will be given model for estimating the potential of social networking usage by consumers in Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the given model, estimated potential of social networking usage by consumers is 43.281.660 €, which represents 12.19% of annual touristic expenditure of B&H citizens. Knowledge about mentioned potential is important data for marketers who plan to exploit social networking channel in their marketing efforts.

  17. Reproductive health care situation in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dizdarevic-Stojkanovic, J

    1999-01-01

    The law legalizing abortion and implementing family planning, passed in former Yugoslavia in 1952, is still in effect in the newly created state of Bosnia-Herzegovina. This law has helped eliminate illegal, i.e. criminal, abortions, but existing arrangements providing family planning and promoting reproductive and sexual health are not effective enough, because too few people know enough about the rights to individual choice in family planning. The primary objective for the next twenty years is to educate the people--women, men and the young--about their rights to reproductive choice and sexual health, and about how to exercise those rights as fully and effectively as possible. Legal and financial assistance from WHO will be welcome, because the post-war Bosnian society and state lack funds for such initiatives. PMID:10536386

  18. BIOLOGICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS, DISTRIBUTION AND CONSERVATION STATUS OF NERETVAN RUDD, Scardinius plotizza (HECKEL AND KNER, 1858 (PISCES, CYPRINIDAE IN THE HUTOVO BLATO WETLAND, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Jakov Dulčić

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents data on the biological and ecological characteristics, distribution and habitat, vulnerability and the need for protection of Neretvan rudd Scardinius plotizza (Heckel and Kner, 1858 (Pisces, Cyprinidae, an endemic species of the lower River Neretva in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the area of Hutovo Blato wetland in Bosnia and Herzegovina, this species are numerously represented. It is a resident species and generally prevalent in the colder water areas of the Gornje Blato, such as Lake Deran where it inhabits the deeper central area covered with underwater vegetation. In the choice of habitat, less difference between juvenile and adult populations was observed. Although the current population status of this species in the Hutovo Blato may be assessed as stable, it is likely to be considered endangered in the future if the trends of various negative impacts that threaten its existence prolong. The wetland area of the Hutovo Blato, which is characterized by a large number of endemic species of narrow distribution range, is threatened by significant negative changes in habitat, hence urgent evaluation and protection measures are needed. In order to improve the conservation status of this species, as well as high ichthyological diversity of this area, of particular importance are the following: effective protection of habitat, improved water management measures and prevention of further introduction and spreading of exotic species. Also, it is necessary to accurately determine its taxonomic position. It is proposed that IUCN classifies this species as Near Threatened (NT in Bosnia and Herzegovina on the basis of its current status, as well as projections for future development and the IUCN criteria.

  19. Agricultural Sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Climate Change—Challenges and Opportunities

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    Ognjen Zurovec

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Half of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s (BH population lives in rural areas. Agricultural production is a backbone of the rural economy and generates significant economic value for the country. BH is highly vulnerable to climate change, which poses a significant development challenge given the climate-sensitivity of the agricultural sector, the share of agriculture in the total economy, the number of people employed in the sector, and the closely related socio-economic issues of food security. BH has experienced serious incidences of extreme weather events over the past two decades, causing severe economic losses. Based on available data and currently available climate projections, exposure to threats from climate change will continue to increase. The review paper presents the current state of the BH agricultural sector and the impact of potential climate change on agricultural systems. It proposes policy options to optimize opportunities and mitigate consequences of possible climate change in the agricultural sector. Development of policy and research capacity should include harmonisation and centralisation of domestic agricultural policies, carrying out a vulnerability assessment and strengthening the public and private extension systems. Further technological development should include improvements in weather and climate information systems, crop development, irrigation and water management.

  20. Distribution and chemical speciation of arsenic and heavy metals in highly contaminated waters used for health care purposes (Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    OpenAIRE

    Lenoble, V; Omanović, D; Garnier, C.; Mounier, S.; Đonlagić, N; Le Poupon, C; Pižeta, I

    2013-01-01

    Determination of distribution and chemical speciation of arsenic and heavy metals in five acidic springs and in the receiving river near Srebrenica (Bosnia and Herzegovina) was carried out. These waters were used for centuries, and continue to be used, for health-care purposes. The composition and properties of all springs and the river water (after all inputs) resembled that of an acid mine drainage. Very low pH (< 3.3), high sulphate concentration and extremely high contents of most of the ...

  1. The demarcation between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Una region from the 17th to the 20th century according to original cartographic material

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    Mithad Kozličić

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the latest scientific research results regarding the presentation of what are nowadays Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina territories on geographic maps from the 17th to the 20th century. The focus is set on twenty maps that point to the most important tendencies. Particular attention is paid to wars and international treaties which regulated the demarcation of Una watercourse up to its confluence to the Sava as a centuries-old border between the Habsburg and the Ottoman empires.

  2. Local Uses of International Criminal Justice in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Transcending Divisions or Building Parallel Worlds?

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    Dejan Guzina

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Transitionaljustice mechanisms and the International Criminal Tribunal for the FormerYugoslavia (ICTY have had only a limited success in overcoming ethnic divisionsin Bosnia-Herzegovina. Rather than elaborating upon the role of local politicalelites in perpetuating ethnic divisions, we examine ordinary peoples’ popularperceptions of war and its aftermath. In our view, the idea that elites havecomplete control over the broader narratives about the past is misplaced. Weargue that transitional justice and peace mechanisms supported by externalactors are always interpreted on the ground in context-specific ways, creatingdifferent citizens’ experiences, “memories” of the war, and their respectivehopes and disappointments in regards to the relationship between peace andjustice in Bosnia. We suggest that analyses of the post-conflict developments inBosnia-Herzegovina must take into account what gives the narratives ofexclusion their power, and what are the objective political, social andeconomic constraints that continue to provide a fertile ground for theirwidespread support.

  3. Association of Parental Age and the Type of Down Syndrome on the Territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotonica, Mia; Mackic-Djurovic, Mirela; Hasic, Sabaheta; Kiseljakovic, Emina; Jadric, Radivoj; Ibrulj, Slavka

    2016-01-01

    Background: Advanced paternal and/or maternal age is a classic risk factor for Down syndrome. The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency of Down syndrome types in children and its association with maternal and paternal age in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Subjects and Methods: The cross sectional, observational study included 127 children, 49 girls and 78 boys, aged 1-180 months suspected to have Down syndrome, admitted to the Centre for Genetics, Faculty of Medicine University of Sarajevo, for cytogenetic analysis and differential diagnosis of Down syndrome during the period from January 2010 to May 2015. Standard method of 72 hours cultivation of peripheral blood lymphocytes has been applied. The accepted level of statistical significance was p<0.05. Study Results: The most common type of Down syndrome was standard trisomy (86.6%), comparing to translocation and mosaicism (7.1%; 6.3%, respectively). The highest frequency of Down syndrome cases was in mother and father’s group from 30-39 years old (57; 57 children, respectively) compared to mother and father’s groups with younger than 30 (44; 29, respectively) and 40 and older (26; 41, respectively). The significant difference was found in maternal age between translocation and mosaicism groups (p=0.036). Difference between parental years and type of Down syndrome was significant when Standard trisomy 21 and translocation (p=0.045), as well as mosaicism and translocation (p=0.036), were compared. Conclusion: The most common type of Down syndrome was standard trisomy 21, with highest occurrence in parents from 30 to 39 years old. Parents were the youngest in translocation group. Obtained results suggest that multidisciplinary approach to identifying the trigger for trisomy appearance and the influence of maternal age is required. PMID:27147778

  4. Reception of Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac’s composing creativity in the musical life of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Austro-Hungarian period

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    Paćuka Lana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With the arrival of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Bosnia and Herzegovina encountered Western European social trends, which affected the shaping of musical life physiognomy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. In this extremely intricate relationship between national and pro-European-oriented cultural trends, Serbian composer Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac had a special position as a unique musical phenomenon, since he was a composer whose musical talent imposed itself as an authority in strengthening the national musical expression and serving as a guideline for numerous BH artists.

  5. Medical services of Croat people in Bosnia and Herzegovina during 1992-1995 war: losses, adaptation, organization, and transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagaric, I

    2000-06-01

    During the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH), Croatian people in BH had 19,600 (2.6%) killed and 135,000 (17.6%) displaced persons, and 222,500 (28.9%) refugees. They lost around two thirds of both physicians and other health personnel, and were left with 8. 5% of prewar patient beds. Fortunately, the organized defence against Serbs was initiated in time and Croats defended the territories where they formed majority. The first defense unit established was the Medical Corps Headquarters (MCH), caring for soldiers and civilians alike. The MCH was soon incorporated in the Croatian Defense Council (CDC, armed forces of Croatian people in BH). The MCH had two chains of command. One went through the district commanders of medical services and their subordinated physicians to paramedics in military units, and the other directly to the commanders of 14 war hospitals. After its formation in 1993, the Ministry of Health took the jurisdiction over the civilian medical services and after the Washington Peace Agreement (April 1994) over the war hospitals, too, whereas the medical services within military units remained under control of the Ministry of Defense. Dayton Peace Agreement divided BH into the Federation of BH and Republic Srpska, each with their own army. The Federation of BH Army is composed of the CDC and Bosniac-controlled Army of BH, with overall numerical ratio 1:2.3 for Bosniacs, and organized in accordance with NATO standards. Military medical services are provided by the Logistics Sector of both Ministry of Defense and Military Corps Headquarters (Joint Command). PMID:10853039

  6. The economically acceptable scenarios for investments in desulphurization and denitrification on existing coal-fired units in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After the recent war (1992–1995) the country BH includes the two entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republic Srpska (RS). Given these two entities the country is politically divided. The country is in transition and determined on accession to the European Union (EU). Coal-fired plants exist in both entities, two in FBiH and two in RS. Significant investment is needed to ensure that existing coal-fired units comply with EU Directive on large combustion plant by 2017. BH (like some EU countries) has chance to negotiate the position of country with the EU with possible outcome to receive delay in fulfilling requirements for some coal-fired plants or even some exceptions. Also, there is a lack of reliable and harmonised energy data in BH—over all data collection on air pollutant emissions is not yet established. So, some data collection is done for the needs of this paper and by using the specific external cost, annual emissions of pollutants and cost-benefit analyses the most acceptable scenarios for investments in desulphurisation and denitrification on the existing coal-fired units in BH on the economic and environmental base, not political, is presented in the paper. - Highlights: ► Research on the external costs from power plants in electricity sector of BH has been conducted. ► The EcoSense software was used, and the results regarding SO2 and NOx emission are presented. ► External costs are compared with private costs of DeSOx and DeNOx. ► Economically acceptable scenarios to achieve significant emission decreases are presented.

  7. TETRAHEDRITE FROM THE DUBRAVE - DUGI DOL BARITE DEPOSITS, KREŠEVO, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ivan Jurković

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available he chemical composition of the tetrahedrite from the barite deposit Dubrave - Dugi Dol, south of the town Kreševo, Bosnia, hosted by Devonian Dolomite is as follows: (Cu10,65Ag0,073Hg0,0310,75(Fe0,81Zn0,941,75(Sb3,57As0,34Bi0,0043,91S13,00. Cation proportions are: Me2+ :Me3+ :S = 3.20:1.00:3.33. The 34S = -10.91 %o. The calculated formula is in good correspondence with the compositions of other analyzed tetrahedrites from the whole Middle Bosnian Schist Mountains. These results as those of the fluid inclusion studies of gangue minerals suggests the generation of tetrahedrites from highly homogenized, hot (190-310 C, high saline (24.2-26.3 wt% NaCl equiv. mineralizing solutions generated by mixing of ascending deep seated upper mantle (Hg, F, Cu-bearing and metamorphogenic lower crust (Zn, Fe, Ag, Au-bearing fluids with descending highly evolved Upper Permian saline formation waters. The obtained data exclude the applicability of the fractional crystallization generation model.

  8. Epidemiologic and laboratory surveillance of the measles outbreak in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, February 2014-April 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salimović-Bešić, I; Šeremet, M; Hübschen, J M; Hukić, M; Tihić, N; Ahmetagić, S; Delibegović, Z; Pilav, A; Mulaomerović, M; Ravlija, J; Muller, C P; Dedeić-Ljubović, A

    2016-06-01

    A measles outbreak with two epidemic waves involving 4649 probable and laboratory-confirmed cases was recorded in six out of ten cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina between February 2014 and April 2015. The majority of the patients had never received measles vaccination (3115/4649, 67.00%), and the vaccination status of another 23% was unknown (1066/4649). A total of 281 blood samples were tested serologically. Virus detection was performed using 44 nasopharyngeal swabs. About 57% (161/281) of the laboratory-investigated sera were immunoglobulin M positive, and 95% (42/44) of the swabs were reverse transcriptase-PCR positive. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences obtained from 30 swab samples showed circulation of two variants of genotype D8, but no genotype D4 strains as detected in 2007. Similar involvement of all age groups indicates a problem with vaccine refusal resulting from antivaccination activities in addition to gaps in immunization coverage during the war and postwar period (1992-1998). Differences in ethnicity, vaccine coverage, compliance with review policies of vaccination records and potentially also travel habits may partially explain why only six of ten cantons were affected by the outbreak. The second epidemic wave may in part be due to large-scale migrations due to catastrophic floods in 2014. As a result of the epidemic, 6- to 12-month-old children may now be vaccinated against measles during outbreaks, and public health recommendations for interventions have been strengthened. Additional efforts are required to implement the measures throughout the cantons. PMID:26928202

  9. BARRIERS IN MULTICULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIA AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Barić; Dejan Jelovac; Nuša Fain

    2013-01-01

    Companies that work in multicultural environments face several challenges in their everyday business life. In this article we focus on the communication aspect of working in multicultural business environments. We test the hypothesis that companies that work in multicultural environments are subject to communication barriers due to different cultural backgrounds of people that engage in these types of communication. We test the hypothesis through a case study of two companies, one from Bosnia...

  10. Investigation of Radon in drinking water from wells of the North-Eastern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some areas of the Tuzla region (B and H) suffer heavily from the shortage of quality drinking water. The only real long-term water resource in this region is the Lake Modrac, the largest accumulation lake in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Due to the fact that radon is soluble in water it can be transported by water to long distances. In cases of intake of waters rich in radon the most affected are sensitive cells within the abdomen and other internal organs. In order to satisfy the needs for drinking water, people are forced to excavate and drill wells. In the area of Tuzla region and the entire B and H excavated wells are very frequent, and so are drilled wells lately, due to more developed and cheaper technology for soil drilling. Such activities in this area, and the whole of B and H, are carried out in an unorderly manner and without previously completed chemical and radiological analyses of soil and water samples. The University of Tuzla formed the Laboratory for detection of radon in all environments, and the survey displayed in this paper have been the first investigation of that kind in B and H. Here we presented the results of radon survey of drinking waters from excavated and drilled wells in the area of Tuzla region (North-Eastern region of B and H). The measurements were conducted over the period of one year (2006), so as to make possible monitoring of variations of radon concentrations in dependence of meteorological changes. These investigation works showed that radon concentration at most locations was significantly higher in drilled wells than in excavated wells. Mean values of radon concentration in the tested water samples ranged within the interval of 101-4200 Bq/m3. Radon activity concentration was measured with the Alpha GAURD radon system (Genitron instruments-Frankfurt). (author)

  11. The Spiritual Approach to Group Psychotherapy Treatment of Psychotraumatized Persons in Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Mark Agius

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Psychological trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD may have an intensive negative impact on a patient’s spiritual beliefs or his/her belief in God; this effect may diminish the social and professional skills of many survivors. In the same time researches showed that religion plays a coping role among patients with medical and mental health illnesses. During the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1992-1995 the whole population, regardless of age, gender, nationality or profession, suffered severely. During the pre-war period in communistic Yugoslavia religious believes altered with atheistic public life styles. Additionally, war traumatization had a negative impact on spirituality and religious beliefs. In the series of case reports we intended to describe and assess the impact of a session of group psychotherapy, with spiritual topics and content, which was offered to patients who needed to reestablish religious beliefs. The patients who come to the Psychiatry Clinic because of trauma-induced mental health problems and who we are interested in strengthening their spirituality met each other in the group regardless of their religious or spiritual conviction. We described the conceptualization and development of such a group and present some self-reported views of clients who took part in these groups. The supportive and empathetic presence of such group in the community helps to prevent withdrawal and isolation, alienation and deviation of traumatized persons. The presence of such group facilitates the rehabilitation process of the victims, allowing them to understand that people are available to them in certain critical moments, to help, to offer protection or to console. Groups like this one, offer long term social and spiritual support to extremely severely traumatized victims.

  12. Genetic diversity of contemporary populations of Salmo trutta L. in the basin of the River Neretva, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Belma Kalamujic

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Across its cosmopolitan range, the survival of the local gene pool of wild brown trout, Salmo trutta L., is threatened due to habitat degradation, overexploitation, inadequate stocking and hybridization. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, brown trout reside in both, the Danube and the Adriatic river drainages. The aim of this study was to assess the contemporary genetic diversity of brown trout populations in the Neretva River basin and to detect the populations that could serve as a source of material for future revitalization projects. The control region of mitochondrial genome, LDH gene, 13 nuclear microsatellites as well as GP85 SNP were analyzed in a total of 335 specimens from the main course of the River Neretva and 11 of its tributaries. Sampling locations on tributaries were located in hardly accessible areas so to maximally reduce the possibility of previous stocking. Besides the indigenous Adriatic haplotype, the Danube and the Atlantic mtDNA haplotypes were detected, which clearly indicates that populations of brown trout in the Neretva river basin have been subject to translocation activities and stocking with allochthonous gene pool. The existence of individuals with Adriatic haplotype but microsatellite variants corresponding to the Danube and the Atlantic lineages, as well as the presence of obtusirostris haplotype, characteristic for soft-muzzled trout, clearly prove hybridization events. The frequency of almost 100% of the allele 167 (locus SsoSL417 in indigenous group clearly points to the possibility that this allele is correlated with the Neretva/Adriatic haplotype and could be used as a potential marker of autochthony. Though the gene pool of the Neretva brown trout has been highly compromised, there is still a real genetic basis for the successful revitalization of indigenous genetic resources, if the immediate and urgent actions are taken through joint activities of the government, public and private sectors (fisheries, and

  13. Importance of the Country of Origin from the Consumers’ Perspective in the Research Context of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Marija Čutura

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to establish the level of importance of the country of origin (COO in the purchasing process of different categories of consumer goods in the research context of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H. Design/Methodology/Approach – The study is based on primary data collected through a survey questionnaire on a consumer sample in B&H. The analysis consists of several levels: establishing a level of COO importance for consumers; establishing a level of consumer familiarity with a COO; identifying the influence of consumer ethnocentrism on the level of COO importance. Findings and implications – ANOVA and T-paired tests highlighted the importance of COO to vary across product categories. The results of regression analysis showed that consumer ethnocentrism significantly influences the level of COO importance in the purchasing process. The results contribute to the thesis that COO has a diagnostic value for the consumers in the purchasing process and can therefore be used as a marketing tool in providing better market acceptance and positioning of products. Limitations – This research has a limited scope considering that it is a single-market study, but also because of the small range of researched product categories. Further research studies should consider a wider range of product categories, as well as a cross-cultural research approach to explore the importance of COO on the overall purchasing process. Originality – This study represents an integrative approach to the phenomenon of COO, consisting of consumer ethnocentrism, product characteristics, and consumer perspective regarding COO importance and familiarity.

  14. Beta lactam antibiotics residues in cow's milk: comparison of efficacy of three screening tests used in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nihad Fejzic

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Beta lactam antibiotics are widely used in therapy of cattle, particularly for the treatment of mastitis.  Over 95% of residue testing in dairies in Bosnia and Herzegovina is for Beta lactams. The aim of this paper is to compare the efficacy of three most common screening tests for Beta lactam residues in cow’s milk in our country. The tests used in the study are SNAP β Lactam test (Idexx, Rosa Charm β Lactam test and Inhibition MRL test. Study samples included: standardized concentrations of penicillin solution (0, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 ppb. In addition we tested milk samples from three equal size study groups (not receiving any antibiotic therapy, treated with Beta lactams for mastitis and treated with Beta lactams for diseases other than mastitis. Sensitivity and specificity were determined for each test, using standard penicillin concentrations with threshold value set at concentration of 4 ppb (Maximum residue level – MLR. Additionally we determined proportions of presumably false negative and false positive results for each test using results of filed samples testing. Agreement of test results for each test pair was assessed through Kappa coefficients interpreted by Landis-Koch scale. Detection level of all tests was shown to be well below MRL. This alongside with effects of natural inhibitors in milk contributed to finding of positive results in untreated and treated animals after the withholding period. Screening tests for beta lactam residues are important tools for ensuring that milk for human consumption is free from antibiotics residues.

  15. Geodetska služba Bosne i Hercegovine 1880. – 2012. : Geodetic service of Bosnia and Herzegovina 1880-2012

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    Mustafa Begić

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Opisana su tri ključna razdoblja razvoja geodetske službe u Bosni i Hercegovini. Prve zemljišne evidencije u BiH potiču iz perioda uprave Osmanske carevine, od XV do XIX stoljeća. Za vrijeme okupacije i aneksije BiH od strane Austro-Ugarske monarhije izvršen je premjer i uspostavljen katastar zemljišta, zemljišna knjiga, izgrađena saobraćajna infrastruktura, definisana rudna polja itd. Tokom uprave stare i nove Jugoslavije primjenom modernijih metoda uspostavljene su geodetske mreže, izveden novi premjer i uspostavljene nove evidencije o zemljištu, izrađene veoma kvalitetne karte… Na različitim geodetskim poslovima u bosanskohercegovačkoj geodetskoj upravi radila su 982 stručna lica, tokom potekle 132 godine. : Three key periods of development of geodetic service in Bosnia and Herzegovina are described. The first land registers in B&H come from the period of administration of the Ottoman Empire, from the fifteenth to the nineteenth century. During the occupation and annexation of B&H by the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, land surveying was conducted, land cadastre and land registration were established, road infrastructure was built, mine fields were determined, etc. During the administration of the old and the new Yugoslavia, geodetic networks were established by applying more modern methods, new survey was conducted and new evidentions were established, high quality maps were produced...At the different geodetic operations in B&H Geodetic Administration worked 982 professionals, during last 132 years.

  16. A new cave Pseudoscorpion (Pseudoscorpiones: Chthoniidae: Chthonius (Chthonius lupinus n.sp. from Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Ćurčić B.P.M.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A new cavernicolous pseudoscorpion pertaining to the genus Chthonius (Chthonius C. L. Koch, from Herzegovina (Bosnia-Herzegovina is erected. Its relations with close congeners are briefly discussed. The new species Chthonius (Chthonius lupinus n. sp. is an endemic form presently known only from its type locality (Vučija pećina Cave, Mt. Leotar, nr. Trebinje, Herzegovina.

  17. Convergence of the export structure of Romania, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina to the structure of import demand in developed countries

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    Nikolić Goran

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The similarity coefficients of the export structures of Romania, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina and the import structure of the EU and the U.S. have increased since 2000, but to date, they have not reached a critical turning point. This indicates that the qualities of exports from the observed transitional economies have not rapidly improved, and the export structure remains relatively unfavourable, particularly when compared to advanced transitional countries. The most important factors in the success of advanced transitional economies were: the inflow of foreign direct investment, imports of modern technology (and later, their own development, innovation, development of small and medium sized enterprises, foreign competition, the development of a market economy and macroeconomic stability. The export structures of Romania, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia correlate with improvement in the process of transition in the observed countries. In 2009 Bosnia had the absolute lowest level of similarity coefficient among the studied countries, followed by Serbia, Romania and Croatia, which corresponds to the overall economic performance and foreign trade of the observed economies.

  18. Application of Agree II Instrument for Appraisal of Postpartum Hemorrhage Clinical Practice Guidelines in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novo, Ahmed; Subotic-popovic, Andreja; Strbac, Savka; Kandic, Alma; Horga, Mihai

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Federal Minister of Health and Minister of Health and Social Welfare of the Republika Srpska as a Governmental health authorities in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republika Srpska nominated/appointed health professionals as their representatives to a multidisciplinary Guidelines Adaptation Group (GAG). This group started with its work in September 2015. The main purpose of the guidelines development exercise is to develop guidelines with worldwide recognized methodology for clinical guidelines development and adaptation. At the end of this consultancy, GAG would have develop a clinical practice guideline on Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) through the adaptation method, starting from published international clinical guidelines and adapting it according to the country specific requirements. Methodology: During the process of identifying the best guideline for adaptation, the GAG had to pass several steps. One of the crucial steps was to identify the questions related to clinical practice and health policy for which answers are needed to be addressed by the guideline. These questions included relevant issues regarding the topic area such as diagnosis, prognosis, intervention, service delivery, and training. After that, six guidelines have been researched by the six members of the GAG to see if they answered the identified questions. Evaluating the methodological quality of the selected clinical guidelines was a second essential step before deciding which ones could best fit the needs and interests. AGREE II instrument has been chosen as methods for evaluating clinical guideline quality and appropriateness. Four appraisers conducted the assessment of each of the selected guidelines for PPH. All appraisers passed the training for the AGREE II instrument before conducting appraisals, as recommended by the AGREE collaboration. Each of the four guidelines was rated independently with the AGREE II tool by each appraiser. Results: The highest

  19. The statehood of Bosnia-Herzegovina accoding to the Hartshorne model

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    Péter Reményi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La condición de Estado de Bosnia-Herzegovina es examinada con la ayuda del modelo Hartshorne en este ensayo. Así, se argumenta que este Estado, en su forma actual, conserva unidas varias fuerzas, unas de carácter interno y centrífugo (que pretenden la formación de estructuras estatales aparte y otras de carácter centrípeto (que buscan mantener estos Estados unidos. Damos una pequeña visión de la caracterización y la génesis de este Estado a fin de identificar todas las fuerzas que afectan a su estructura estatal. Explicamos como a menos que una idea de Estado o la razón de ser se desarrolla, son necesarios continuos esfuerzos para proporcionar una relativa estabilidad.Palabras clave: Bosnia-Herzegovina, modelo Hartshorne, fuerzas centrífugas y centrípetas, geografía política._______________Abstract:The statehood of Bosnia-Herzegovina is examined with the help of the Hartshorne model in this paper. We argue that the state in its current form is kept together mainly by external forces, since among the internal forces the centrifugal ones (pulling states apart according to the model overrule the centripetal ones (keeping states together. We give a brief overview of the characteristics and genesis of the state in order to be able to collect the forces affecting the state. We argue that unless a state idea or raison d’être is developed, continuous external efforts are needed to provide relative stability.  Key words: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Hartshorne model, centrifugal and centripetal forces, political geography.

  20. Kampanje mjerenja apsolutnog i relativnog ubrzanja sile teže u „Osnovnoj gravimetrijskoj mreži Bosne i Hercegovine“ : Measurement campaign of absolute and relative gravity in "Basic gravimetric network of Bosnia and Herzegovina"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasumana Abaza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Mjerenje apsolutnog ubrzanja sile Zemljine teže u Bosni i Hercegovini izvršeno je na četiri stanice, a u okviru projekta “Izgradnja kapaciteta za unapređenje zemljišne administracije i procedura u Bosni i Hercegovini“. Mjerenje relativnog ubrzanja sile Zemljine teže također je završeno u Osnovnoj gravimetrijskoj mreži BiH na 60 tačaka, te je izvršeno povezivanje sa stanicama na kojim je mjereno apsolutno ubrzanje sile teže. Do sada urađen posao je odlična osnova za nastavak radova na regionalnom gravimetrijskom premjeru na putu ka konačnom cilju određivanja geoida za teritoriju BiH. : Absolute gravity measurements in Bosnia and Herzegovina were carried out at four stations within the project "Capacity building for improving land administration and procedures in Bosnia and Herzegovina“ - CILAP. Relative gravity measurements were also completed in the primary gravimetric network of Bosnia and Herzegovina at 60 points, followed by connecting points with absolute gravity data. So far, completed work is an excellent basis for continuing on regional gravity measurements and determining the geoid for the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  1. La herencia religiosa en la Guerra de Bosnia y Herzegovina (1992-1995

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    Marija Grujic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the summary of the master’s thesis, which I undertook at the Institute for Peace and Conflicts in Granada for the course “Culture of Peace, Conflicts, Education and Human Rights”. The focus of my master’s thesis is religious conflicts in the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995 and the role of religion in the conflict. The Balkan conflicts are well-known and until now have been quite analysed, but Spanish authors have never analysed the religious component of the conflict. Taking advantage of having in-depth knowledge of Balkan languages, literature about the issue, historical and political circumstances of the Balkan countries, the goal of this research work is to introduce Spanish readers, in a much more in-depth way, to the role that religion played in the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina. I have concluded that the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina had an important religious component and bearing in mind that this kind of peace investigation has never been developed before, this can be considered as an important contribution of this research work.

  2. Marital quality and relationship satisfaction in war veterans and their wives in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Klaric, Miro; Franciskovic, Tanja; Stevanovic, Aleksandra; Petrov, Bozo; Jonovska, Suzana; Nemcic Moro, Iva

    2011-01-01

    Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in war veterans and its complex emotional and behavioral characteristics affect veterans’ partners and the quality of their relationships. Although most research focuses on the effects of veterans’ PTSD on their partners/wives and their relationships, not many findings have been established on partner adjustment and marriage quality when wives suffer from PTSD as well. Objective: The aim of the research was to examine the relationship between w...

  3. Directions and guidelines for resolving the crisis (in Bosnia and Herzegovina and its entities)

    OpenAIRE

    Zoran Mastilo

    2013-01-01

    This is a global financial and economic crisis, which can be considered the largest since the World War II. It has become a frequently discussed topic by various analysts, numerous governments, and in particular, a favourite topic of the media. We can rightly say that this is a crisis of the neoliberal system, which has greatly increased the wealth of the rich and impoverished the poor. Such crisis can be overcome by changing the system. Therefore, the directions and guidelines are necessary ...

  4. Controversy and Concerns in the Relationship of Medicine and the Media in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Hajdarevic, Braco; Slaku, Jasmina; Masic, Izet

    2010-01-01

    Summary Medicine and the media are two areas important in the life of every man, which are in almost daily contact with each other and in dependence. Their relations in BiH are currently elemental, focused on direct, immediate needs, without defined rules, with a lot of disorientation, incompetence and irresponsibility, often without respect for at least the minimum rules of conduct and respect, often with a lot of conflict and hostility. The goal of our work is based on the analysis of newsp...

  5. ETHNOCENTRISM AND ANIMOSITY IN CONSUMER BEHAVIOR IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR COMPANIES

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    Denis Berberović

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to examine ethnocentrism of BiH consumers, animosity tendencies, and consumers' notions of products originating from two neighboring countries – Croatia and Slovenia. The aim is to expose the causal relation between the expression of an individual's animosity, her/his understanding of neighboring countries' image, and her/his degree of ethnocentrism. Klein, Ettenson and Morris (1998 argued that animosity (one of COI – Country of Origin Image aspects affects consumer behavior, but not the assessment of products originating from this country. This study seeks to examine this argument. The regression analysis confirmed this assumption on a sample of 300 BiH consumers. Additionally one marketing scale and one psychological scale were used: one for measuring consumer ethnocentrism, and the other for measuring country of origin image. This study used the method of mall intercepts – intercepting customers in large shopping malls. Data was processed using ACNOVA, Cronbach alpha and hierarchical regression analysis.

  6. Generalna karta Bosne i Hercegovine razmjere 1:150 000 : General map of Bosnia and Herzegovina at scale 1:150 000

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    Nedim Tuno

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Generalna karta Bosne i Hercegovine razmjere 1:150 000 u izdanju Vojnogeografskog instituta u Beču predstavlja jednu od najznačajnijih karata izrađenih na osnovu prvog sistematskog geodetskog premjera BiH. Temeljem analize izvornih kartografskih dokumenata i ostalih dostupnih podataka, u radu su izneseni najbitniji detalji koji karakterišu ovu kartu. Poslije kratkog historijskog osvrta na okolnosti koje su dovele do njenog nastanka, detaljno su analizirani elementi karte. Data je i kratka uporedba primijenjenih rješenja na spomenutoj karti s onima na ranijoj karti razmjere 1:300 000. Na osnovi provedenih istraživanja zaključuje se da je generalna karta BiH prva prava moderna topografska karta te zemlje, koja predstavlja izuzetno vrijednu kartografsku baštinu. : General map of Bosnia and Herzegovina at scale 1:150 000 published by the Military Geographical Institute of Vienna. is one of the most important maps made on the basis of the first systematic geodetic survey of B&H. Based on the analysis of the original cartographic documents and other available data, the paper presents the most important details that characterize this map. The elements of the map are analyzed in details after a brief historical review of the circumstances that led to the creation of the map. A brief comparison of solutions adopted on this map, with those of the previous 1: 300 000 scale map, is also given in the paper. Based on the conducted research it was concluded that the General map of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the first true modern topographic map of the country. This map is a cartographic heritage of exceptional value.

  7. Substance abuse prevalence and its relation to scholastic achievement and sport factors: an analysis among adolescents of the Herzegovina–Neretva Canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Sekulic Damir

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Substance abuse among adolescents is a major public health and social problem. However, studies rarely investigate the relationships between substance abuse, educational achievement and sport factors. Substance abuse is an even more significant problem in societies that have experienced trauma, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, which have had recent wars. The aims of this study were to investigate substance abuse among adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to study the potential gender-specific relationships between a sport factors (physical activity/exercise/athletic participation and substance abuse and b scholastic achievement and substance abuse. Methods Our sample consisted of 1,032 adolescents who were 17 to 18 years old (435 boys and 597 girls and who were in the final grade of high school. These subjects were randomly selected from the territory of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrospective testing was performed using an extensive self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions involving topics such as sociodemographic variables, scholastic variables, sport factors, and substance abuse data (smoking habits, drugs consumption and alcohol consumption using the AUDIT questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, frequencies, analyses of the differences and correlational analyses were performed. Results Our results found that greater than one-third of the boys and one-fourth of the girls were daily smokers, and almost half of the boys and one-fifth of the girls practiced harmful drinking; other drugs (i.e. heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, etc. were rarely consumed. Boys dominated in sport factors, whereas girls were more successful in scholastic achievement. Approximately 23% of the boys and 6% of the girls reported that they practiced harmful drinking and smoked simultaneously. Educational failure, which was defined as having one or more negative grades at the end of the last two

  8. Implementing e-Government in Bosnia and Herzegovina : Practices and Challenges for the State government

    OpenAIRE

    Bajramovic, Kemal

    2011-01-01

    Context: Electronic Government (sometimes referred to as digital government, online government) is the use of information and communication technologies to: a) enable optimization and innovation of all government internal processes in the back-office and external processes by providing government services to customers through Internet and other electronic means; and b) facilitate achieving goals of all government policies and strategies. Objectives: In this study we are explaining e-Governmen...

  9. Socio-medical Characteristics of Coronary Disease in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the World

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet; Rahimic, Mirsad; Dilic, Mirza; Kadribasic, Ribana; Toromanovic, Selim

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Coronary heart disease and its etiology are complex socio-medical and clinical problem in this century. World Health Organization defined coronary artery disease as acute and chronic heart ailments due to disruption of flow and myocardial blood supply. Diseases of the cardiovascular system in spite of preventable risk factors are responsible for approximately 50% of all deaths in the developed world, and this ratio is higher in developing countries. Risk factors: Coronary heart ...

  10. Herbicide and pesticide occurrence in the soils of children's playgrounds in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapcanin, Aida; Cakal, Mirsada; Imamovic, Belma; Salihovic, Mirsada; Pehlic, Ekrem; Jacimovic, Zeljko; Jancan, Gordan

    2016-08-01

    Pesticide pollution in Sarajevo public playgrounds is an important health and environmental issue, and the lack of information about it is causing concerns amongst the general population as well as researchers. Since children are in direct contact with surface soils on children's playgrounds, such soils should be much more carefully examined. Furthermore, herbicides and pesticides get transmitted from soil surfaces brought from outside the urban areas, or they get dispersed following their direct applications in urban areas. Infants' and children's health can be directly affected by polluted soils because of the inherent toxicity and widespread use of the different pesticides in urban environments such as playgrounds. In addition to that, the presence of chromated copper arsenate (CCA) wood preservative pesticide found as soil pollutant in playing equipment was also documented. Soil samples from playgrounds were collected and analyzed for triazines, carbamates, dithiocarbamates, phenolic herbicides and organochlorine pesticides. Samples for the determination of heavy metals Cu, Cr and As were prepared by microwave-assisted acid digestion, and the findings were determined by using an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer. Triazines, carbamates, dithiocarbamates, chlorphenoxy compounds, phenolic herbicides, organochlorine pesticides and organotin compounds were detected in playground soils and their determined concentrations (mg/kg) were respectively found as follows: <0.005, <0.05, <0.5, < 0.4, <0.1, <0.001 and <0.004. The determined contents (mg/kg) of Cu, Cr and As were in the ranges from 16.77 to 80.21, from 7.14 to 15.45 and from 3.31 to 4.43, respectively. Our preliminary results raise concerns about potential adverse effects of herbicides and pesticides on human health, which strengthens the case for a more preventative and protective approach to the uncontrolled presence of herbicides and pesticides in Sarajevo's playground soils. PMID

  11. Conditions and development tendencies of touristic offer in Kupres municipality (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    OpenAIRE

    Ante Šiljeg; Silvija Šiljeg; Željka Šiljković

    2010-01-01

    Data on tourism represent a basic indicator of the tourist market situation. The very course of the development of a tourist destination, the distribution of tourist resources, as well as the possibility of implementing changes in the tourist offer, all depend upon this data. Strong competition and the increasingly demanding visitors cause the responsible authorities to conduct constant planning and coordination. The term "tourist planning" implies an integral and strategic planning which inc...

  12. Conditions and development tendencies of touristic offer in Kupres municipality (Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ante Šiljeg

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Data on tourism represent a basic indicator of the tourist market situation. The very course of the development of a tourist destination, the distribution of tourist resources, as well as the possibility of implementing changes in the tourist offer, all depend upon this data. Strong competition and the increasingly demanding visitors cause the responsible authorities to conduct constant planning and coordination. The term "tourist planning" implies an integral and strategic planning which includes: destination analysis, defining goals, adoption of strategies and programs, planning of land usage, organization of market, defining the desirable economic effect of tourism, and the cooperation of all subjects in the tourist offer. The efficacy of such planning reflects in the tourism indicators which serve as a framework for the assessment of an existing situation and the forming of management guidelines. One of the most relevant indicators of conditions is the opinion of tourists who rate the advantages and the shortcomings of tourist offer in the area which they visit, as well as the opinion of the indigenous population which participates in the creation of the tourist offer.The results of this paper are based upon the conducted survey among the visitors of sport-recreational centres Čajuša and Stožer, and the indigenous population of Kupres municipality. The structural characteristics of the examinees and the values of the actual opinions on the tourist offer have been determined. The perceived discrepancies in the answers from Croatian and domestic visitors indicate a tradition of visiting similar European destinations. The increase in number of tourists by 50% has been achieved in the last several years, primarily thanks to the snowmaking on the ski slopes, but also due to an improved tourist offer (ski courses, ski-lifts, ski kindergarten, snowboard slopes, traditional food, etc.. Although the pre-war tourist capacities still wait for a

  13. Age at Menarche and Premenstrual Syndrome in Adolescent Girls with Intellectual Disability in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibralic, Inga; Sinanovic, Osman; Memisevic, Haris

    2010-01-01

    The issues involving menstruation are the topic of many scientific inquires in the fields of medicine, psychology, sociology and anthropology. The aim of this study was to determine the age at menarche and the most common symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in adolescent girls with intellectual disability. The main method of data collection…

  14. Specifics of Risk Management in Islamic Finance and Banking, with Emphasis on Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Emira KOZAREVIC; Mirnesa BARAKOVIC NURIKIC; Senija NUHANOVIC

    2014-01-01

    The ever increasing globalization of financial institutions’ business activities and liberalization of capital markets inevitably lead to the increase in both diversity and intensity of the institutions’ types of risk. Risk management is of the essential importance to the institutions, especially banks, because of the fact that their risky activities are the source of creating wealth for their stockholders. In terms of Islamic banking, risk management is still not sufficiently developed. Cert...

  15. Some characteristics of social interactions among adolescents in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    KLARIN, Mira

    2012-01-01

    Mira Klarin,1 Ana Pororokovic,2 Slavica Šimic Šašic,1 Violeta Arnaudova31Department of Teacher and Preschool Teacher Education, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia; 2Department of Psychology, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia; 3Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Psychology, University of Ciril and Method, Skopje, MacedoniaIntroduction: The bioecological model refers to the basic social needs that a person has satisfied through social interactions. In indiv...

  16. ICT Usage of Pre-service Teachers: Cultural Comparison for Turkey and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirli, Cihad

    2013-01-01

    The importance of ICTs has become the undisputed in the present century. Studies have been conducted to investigate the use of ICTs with the goal of increase in quality of teacher education for a long time. This study is a cross-cultural comparison in terms of pre-service teachers' level of ICT usage, ICT knowledge and attitudes. The study…

  17. The diversity of the family Cetoniidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) of mountain Ozren: Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Kašić-Lelo, Mirzeta; LELO, SUVAD; Vesnić, Adi

    2013-01-01

    From April to September of 2008 and 2009 samples of family Cetoniidae Leach, 1815 were collected on the vertical profile of the southern slopes of Mount Ozren near Sarajevo. Research was conducted at six selected localities: Orlovac, Nahorevo, Čavljak, Skakvac, Bukovik and Crepoljsko. After 41 field investigations, 594 individuals were collected and determined as representatives of seven species. Collected data were processed with statistical software Biodiversity Pro and with options Diversi...

  18. The Impact of Brand Equity Assets on Consumer Preference for Foreign Brands in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Ena Kumbara; Ali Göksu

    2014-01-01

    In the free market consumers are faced with a different variation while they making purchase decision. Brand as a term, name, and symbol gives quality and satisfy needs of consumers and on that way assure self recognition. Main objective of this study is to determine the factors which influence consumers to buy international brands rather than national brands. This study has four independent variables and one dependent variable. Data for this study will be collected using online surveys ...

  19. RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: ALBANIA, BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA, KOSOVO AND SERBIA

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela PÃCE?ILÃ

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents reviews and an analysis of the policy and support mechanisms for the promotion of renewable in the Western Balkan countries, as well as an overview of the legislation and other official documents influencing the renewable energy sector. The importance of renewable energy sources, along with key information about the countries commitments to renewable energy are also summarized. The methodology used in this article consists in studying and analysing a range of published mat...

  20. Impact of Accounting Information Systems on Decision Making Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Elvisa Buljubašić; Erkan Ilgȕn

    2015-01-01

    In the market economy, the way in which company is managed and developed is extremly important, because every wrong or misleading decision comes at a high price. Therefore each decision that management brings should be based on precise, qualitative, timely and unambiguous information. In order to serve its purpose, after information are collected they are processed, classified and stored within the company. For effective and efficient information processingit is necessary to have an integrate...

  1. Characteristic of the Corporate Bank Governance System in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Matić, Branko; Papac, Nikola

    2010-01-01

    The term ‘corporate governance’ stands for a set of relations between management, large and small shareholders and other interest groups. A good corporate governance system is the basic postulate of sustainable economic growth, increase in economic system efficiency and a guarantee for easier access to sources of foreign capital. Ownership concentration is a significant internal mechanism of corporate governance because it greatly defines the relationship between owner and mana...

  2. Psychological Symptoms among Workers Employed in Companies Undergoing Privatization in Postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Avdibegović, Esmina; Hasanović, Mevludin; Hodžić, Medin; Selimbašić, Zihnet

    2011-01-01

    In Central and Eastern European countries, after abandoning communism, significant political, economic and social changes occurred, followed by the increase in income inequality and social disparity. The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between psychological symptoms and monthly income of employees in companies undergoing privatization. The study included 258 workers from seven companies undergoing privatization in the Tuzla Canton region. For the study purposes,...

  3. Job Satisfaction of Banking Sector Employees in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emira KOZAREVIC

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Banks worldwide are looking for new and creative ways to operate and achieve competitive advantages under the global recession conditions. The recession effects have forced the banks to look into more effective utilisation of internal resources and their potential. Human resources are recognised as the key element in successful business navigation through difficult market conditions, including competition with other banks and non-banking financial institutions. This is even more important for the banks operating in developing countries, where the effects of the recession are considerably harsher. Many studies have acknowledged the direct link between productivity and the level of employee satisfaction. This work aims to establish and recognise some of the main factors associated with the job satisfaction of banking employees in the Federation of BiH and provide useful guidance to bank managers in this region and beyond, as a contribution to their continuous improvement efforts in business and people management during these challenging times. The research is predominantly based on the survey conducted in the banking sector of the Federation of BiH in 2013. The survey sample covers 529 respondents that represent 7.4% of the overall banking employee sector base of 7,130. The analysis of survey results, supported by empirical research and the review of related literature, revealed that job satisfaction amongst the bankers is determined by a wide spectrum of factors such as: demographic characteristics, management and supervision, monetary compensation, non-monetary recognition, work environment, job responsibility and type of tasks, social atmosphere at work and general satisfaction with life.

  4. Will the Internet set us free: New media and old politics in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Turčilo, Lejla

    2010-01-01

    The Internet has become a significant tool and very important channel of political communication in contemporary world. The first advocates of on-line political communication promoted the idea that the Internet is removing barriers to free information flow between political decision-makers and those in whose favor these decisions are made (public) and that incorporation of the Internet in political communication sphere causes changes of former dominant models of political communication, based...

  5. Strategic quality management on business to business market in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Kenan Uštović; Zijada Rahimić

    2011-01-01

    Product and service quality has increasingly seen as a crucial factor of competitiveness, not only for individual companies, but for entire industries too. Using specific resources and capabilities companies can take a chance to delight their customers. This paper presents new sales model developed by authors, which includes all necessary steps related to sales process. Customer-Oriented Sales (COS) Model considers opportunity that company differentiates itself and become market leader. This ...

  6. THE FINANCIAL EFFICIENCY OF THE APPLE PRODUCTION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    F ĆEJVANOVIĆ; ROVČANIN, A.; Č ROZMAN

    2005-01-01

    General trend of decreasing agricultural land area and global population increase sets new challenges for apple producers. This basically calls for more effi cient apple production. The integrated apple production is based on principles that combine fi nancially viable intensive production and simultaneously consider environment standards could be a solution to emerging problems in apple production. For implementation of this systems new technology standards and orchard management must be app...

  7. Implementation of ISO 9001:2008 & Standards for Accreditation at Private University in Bosnia And Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Ensar Mekić; Ali Göksu

    2014-01-01

    Main objective of this work is to provide empirical evidence that implementing ISO 9001:2008 and standards for accreditation required by Agency for Development of Higher Education and Quality Assurance (HEA) is good way to achieve success on the way to improve quality of higher education institution. In analytical part of this paper, mainly descriptive statistics will be used since issue is related to presenting results of measurements conducted by institution over years. List of HEI’s (highe...

  8. RANKING OF TOURIST DESTINATIONS WITH MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING METHODS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Göksu; Seniye Erdinç Kaya

    2014-01-01

    Developments in communication and transportation technology have increased access to formerly distant destinations in an unprecedented way. Tourist centers develop new strategies to increase their share in this growing market. Travel agencies put up advertisements to keep their present customers and attract the new ones. Because customers have a wide array of alternatives to choose from, appropriate strategies should be developed to persuade customers during their decision - making proc...

  9. Depression in Parents of Children with Cerebral Palsy in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Osman Sinanović

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to examine depression in parents of children with cerebral palsy, with hypothesis to have more depressive symptom among mothers of children with cerebral palsy. The sample of examinees (between 23 and 62 age was used in this research. The first subsample of examinees (N=23 was made of mothers (average 33±5.83 of children with cerebral palsy. The second subsample of examinees (N=12 was made of fathers of children with cerebral palsy (average 38±9.8. The third subsample of examinees (N=16 represented the control group, and it was made of mothers of children without disorders (average 38±6.57. For the purpose of quantitative measurement of depression, the Zung self-evaluated method for depression was applied. All data research were processed by parametric and nonparametric statistics. The frequencies and percents were also calculated, and Kruskal-Valis single-factor analysis of variants was applied for checking the hypothesis. According to the results of this research, it was concluded that there was no statistically significant difference in the evaluation of depression between mothers and fathers of children with cerebral palsy, as well as there is no statistically significant difference in relation to mothers of children without disorders

  10. INSTITUTIONAL MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS IN ROLE OF ATTRACTING FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS TO BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Sinanagić

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The problem frequently faced by companies from transition and developing countries in attraction of Foreign Direct Investments (FDI is lack of an adequate institutional framework which would adequately promote the potential those companies have through its activities, and with that also influence the attraction of foreign capital. The goal of this paper is to show the necessity of having such institutional framework, as well as institutional marketing communications which, together with other points of attraction of certain location in future, would be significant destination of inflows of FDI.

  11. Marketing Factors Affecting Leasing Selection in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Case Study on VB Leasing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almir Ljeskovica

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In constantly changing environment all types of companies need some support from various types of funding institutions. Companies use their own resources to finance some projects or purchases but also take loans, mostly from banks to have additional support or in case of lack of money. Beside small, medium, as well as big companies, physical persons also use different types of financing to achieve their goals and fulfil their needs. Financing companies need to recognize the criteria on which prospective customers establish their financing selection decision. Planning a proper marketing strategy in order to attract new customers is of crucial importance in identifying these criteria. The main purpose of the study is to identify which factors affects people to choose leasing services. For data collection and analyse both, qualitative and quantitative study is conducted. Data for this study were collected through surveys delivered to 65 VB Leasing users from Sarajevo region. Out of 65, 57 useful responses were accepted for further analysis. Also interview was done with director of VB Leasing for qualitative study in order to get more insights in this topic. Findings of the study show what are the important factors for leasing selection and these information can support leasing managers in designing marketing strategies for perspective customers.

  12. ANALYZING CONSUMER BEHAVIOR IN ONLINE GROUP BUYING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lejla Selimovic

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Online buying is one of the most popular activities on the Internet, and within that group buying is one of the activities in the trend as a popular form of electronic commerce. Group buying is a worldwide phenomenon, and more recently very popular form of doing business on the local market. But the reasons why consumers are practicing such purchases, how they behave when buying, and what motivates them to buy are still not fully explored. The purpose of this paper is to get an insight into what the main factors are that the online consumers take into consideration when purchasing online. This paper will show how a new form of Internet commerce has found a way to turn the economic crisis to its benefit. Respectively, how consumers, encouraged by a limited purchasing power, unite and strengthen their position against the sellers to obtain a volume discount. The paper is based on an online questionnaire conducted by the authors on a sample of 562 respondents in BiH.

  13. Obstacles to implementation of solvency li regime in nonlife insurance companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Kozarevic, Safet; Sain, Zeljko; Hodzic, Adela

    2014-01-01

    Aimed at protection of the market and consumers, the control of solvency is very important for insurer's business activities. Regarding the fact that insurer's insolvency causes a chain of problems, the state regulation is needed that forces insurers to keep their solvency at the necessary level. Insurance companies in the European Union work on the implementation of a new regulatory framework defined by the Solvency II Directive, which demands a better risk management as well as a better con...

  14. Financial evaluation of competitive ability of fruit growing in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćejvanović Ferhat

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Before making a decision to invest in fruit growing, an investor needs to have the basic information on which to base his decision. This information contains sufficient economic indicators to form the basis for the decision making. The decision should be based, first of all, on economic profitability of the investment. Cost-benefit analysis is a method which provides the decision maker with the information about a number of economic indicators regarding the desired investment, from its profitability and competitiveness to the return on investment period, etc. This paper deals with the cost-benefit analysis in the decision-making process concerning economic profitability of investing in agricultural production, namely the newly planted fruit. Cost-benefit analysis has many advantages compared with the other known methods. It has proved very useful in agricultural production since it makes it possible to estimate the profitability of investment in very specific conditions of agricultural production, taking into account numerous factors of its economic efficiency as well as the main effects that may be expected both by individual producers and the social community as a whole.

  15. Perceptions of Students towards Quality of Services at Private Higher Education Institution in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldina Rastoder

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this exploratory study is to provide insights into perceptions of students towards quality of services at private higher education institution Star, located in B&H. A survey as a main instrument has been developed, and 448 students participated in the study. Main methodology used for purpose of data analysis is descriptive statistics. Findings indicated that students are either “slightly satisfied” or “satisfied” when it comes to nine aspects of quality at higher education Star. The highest satisfaction level appeared when it comes to “Quality of Academic Staff” which means that this is definitely one of important strengths of the institution. Even though students are still satisfied with “Quality of Campus”, the satisfaction level appeared to be lowest compared to their satisfaction with other variables examined throughout this study. Relevant recommendations for higher education institution are provided in the conclusion.

  16. Two new freshwater fish species of the genus Telestes (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) from karst poljes in Eastern Herzegovina and Dubrovnik littoral (Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogutskaya, Nina G.; Zupančič, Primož; Bogut, Ivan; Naseka, Alexander M.

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Two new species, Telestes dabar and Telestes miloradi, are described on the basis of morphological comparisons of isolated geographical populations of fishes identified earlier as Telestes metohiensis. A lectotype is designated for Telestes metohiensis, whose range is shown to include waters of Gatačko, Cerničko, and Nevesinjsko poljes in Eastern Herzegovina. Telestes dabar from Dabarsko Polje (Eastern Herzegovina) and Telestes miloradi from Konavosko Polje (south Croatia) share with Telestes metohiensis the following combination of characters that distinguish them from the rest of the genus Telestes: pharyngeal teeth in one row, usually 5–4; preoperculo-mandibular canal not communicating with the infraorbital canal; mouth subterminal, the tip of the mouth cleft on or below the level of the ventral margin of the eye; postcleithrum minute or absent; ventral portion of the trunk with a dark stripe on a pale background; and dorsal portion of trunk uniformly dark and bordered ventrally by a dark midlateral stripe. Telestes dabar and Telestes miloradi are distinguishable from Telestes metohiensis in usually having 8½ branched dorsal-fin rays (vs. usually 7½), 9 or 10 gill rakers (vs. 7–10, usually 8), and the dark stripe on the ventral portion of the trunk below the main pigmented area of the back narrow and usually not reaching posteriorly to the caudal peduncle (vs. dark stripe wide and extending posteriorly to the caudal peduncle). Telestes dabar is distinguished from Telestes miloradi by having scales on most of the body situated close to one another and overlapping in a region behind the pectoral girdle and usually on the caudal peduncle (vs. overlapping scales on most of the body); the lateral line usually incomplete and interrupted, with 24–69, usually 54–65, total scales (vs. lateral line usually complete, with 55–67 total scales); scales above and below the lateral line slightly smaller than lateral-line scales (vs. of about equal size

  17. La herencia religiosa en la Guerra de Bosnia y Herzegovina (1992-1995)

    OpenAIRE

    Marija Grujic

    2012-01-01

    This article presents the summary of the master’s thesis, which I undertook at the Institute for Peace and Conflicts in Granada for the course “Culture of Peace, Conflicts, Education and Human Rights”. The focus of my master’s thesis is religious conflicts in the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995) and the role of religion in the conflict. The Balkan conflicts are well-known and until now have been quite analysed, but Spanish authors have never analysed the religious component of the co...

  18. The contribution of the Youth Communication Center (YCC to the peace building process in the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelava Vera

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Ever since its formation, the YCC has been working intensely on the reconciliation process and peace building. Over the past few years, we have implemented programs and conducted activities aimed at different categories of the population (refugees and displaced persons, ethnic minorities returnees, discharged soldiers, representatives of political parties representatives of local NGO-s, etc in more than 40 communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina and broader. During our activities, we have developed a methodology of education on reconciliation and peace building by adapting the experiences of the good practice from other countries to the needs of the local environment we work in. In addition, we also organize programs aiming at connecting the young people in the region, actions and campaigns of public advocacy aimed at bringing about democratic change on the local and on the state level, counseling and psychotherapy for the vulnerable groups of citizens, continual media promotion of reconciliation over radio programs, we organize education for local experts dealing with reconciliation issues etc.

  19. External costs from coal-fired thermal plants and sulphur dioxide emission limit values for new plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) is a country in transition but is determined to pursue accession to the European Union (EU). One requirement for joining the EU is compliance with the EU environmental acquis, although BH is currently lacking adequate experience and the required research. Therefore, it is advisable to quantify the costs and benefits of meeting the EU environmental acquis to the fullest possible extent, even though comparing costs and benefits may not be the only relevant criterion for decision making. Because the EU's ExternE methodology for estimating the external costs of air quality has been used in numerous studies aimed at formulating environmental, transport and energy policies, BH has consulted this methodology to help make decisions about restricting emissions from major combustion sources. Therefore, with the help of the EcoSenseWeb software, which fully complies with the ExternE methodology, this study was developed to examine the current situation resulting from electricity generation at a fossil fuel power plant and the units that are to be built in BH and to review the SO2 emission limit for new thermal plants in BH. - Highlights: → External costs due to SO2 emissions from coal-fired plants have been calculated. → Benefits of lowering the limit to 200 mg/m3 are greater than the additional costs. → The difference for two scenarios between benefits and costs is not large. → We do not recommend a limit tighter than 400 mg/m3 for a country like BH.

  20. Comparative Structural Dynamics of the Janj Mixed Old-Growth Mountain Forest in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Are Conifers in a Long-Term Decline?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srdjan Keren

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Regression of conifers in European mixed old-growth mountain forests has been observed for a long period and studied from different aspects. Old-growth (OG forests in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH have not experienced heavy air pollution and chronic overbrowsing that have affected many other European OG forests, while climatic and anthropogenic disturbances have been well documented. We analysed stand structure in the Janj OG forest, compared it with inventories of Lom and Perucica OG forests (BiH and with earlier inventories of the same reserves. At present, OG forest Janj is characterized by a high growing stock (1215 m3∙ha−1. This is due to good site quality, prevalence of conifers (84% and dominant endogenous processes in recent decades. In all three OG forests, indicators of structural change exhibited progression of European beech over time. Historical evidence revealed the occurrence of warm summers and droughts followed by bark beetle outbreaks in the 1920s, 1940s and early 1950s, which in turn influenced a marked conifer decline. It seems likely that repeated canopy opening released waves of European beech regeneration. These stand structural changes have delayed the rejuvenation of conifers and can help explain the early observations of conifer decline.

  1. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN EU’S BORDER AREAS: CROATIA AS A REGIONAL MODEL FOR DESTINATION BRANDING STRATEGY IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja PULIC

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The newest member joined the European Union (EU with a well-conceived destination branding strategy. Croatia is becoming more and more identifiable world-wide by creating a distinctive brand in order to maintain a solid positioning as a destination place. As competition is becoming more intense, an increasing number of countries struggle to make themselves visible in the global tourism market. Tourism dominates the Croatian service sector, where the bulk of the tourist industry is concentrated along the Adriatic Sea coast. Although not very successful in public diplomacy, a complex system of coordinated activities that Croatia implemented resulted in strengthening the perception and image of the overall destination brand. This research aims at exploring the Croatian destination branding strategy as a potential model for its closest neighboring country, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH. Sharing a common history, borders and people, BIH and Croatia represent a unique comparative case study for regional spill-over development between the EU and non-EU countries. Therefore, this study takes into account what has been done so far on both sides regarding destination branding strategy, thus exploring what lessons could be learned from Croatia and what is the best future regional approach for creating a BIH’s destination brand.

  2. Use of Wild and Semi-Wild Edible Plants in Nutrition and Survival of People in 1430 Days of Siege of Sarajevo during the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995)

    OpenAIRE

    Redžić, Sulejman

    2010-01-01

    This study is a systematic overview of data on use of wild and semi-wild edible plants in nutrition of people in 1430 days of the siege of Sarajevo during aggression on Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995). The author of this study spent all that time in Sarajevo. In 1993, the author prepared a survival program for people that included usage of edible wild plants. In addition, he conducted a detailed survey, including special interviews, on 630 people of average age 37.4 years (55% residential ...

  3. Socio-cultural viability of international intervention in war-torn societies : a case study of Bosnia Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Sahovic, Dzenan

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation explores the ‘socio-cultural dilemma’ facing international peacebuilders in war-torn societies through a case study of the post-conflict process in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This is done with the help of a typological approach of the grid-group Cultural Theory framework, which defines four social solidarities – or ideal type cultures – of individualism, egalitarianism, fatalism and hierarchy. A central argument in the thesis is that international intervention is culturally ind...

  4. Method of Business Organization in Bosnia and Herzegovinian Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Kenan Spaho

    2009-01-01

    Business organization can be based on science or empirical method. Science method is based on organization models and definitions from literature and empirical method is based on experience in doing business. We will research which method is used in Bosnia and Herzegovina companies. Our research objects were four companies which are temporarily the best in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Energoinvest dd Sarajevo, Energoinvest SUE, Energoinvest TDS, Butmir d.o.o. Our goal is to investigate all element...

  5. Post-War Identification : Everyday Muslim Counterdiscourse in Bosnia Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Kolind, Torsten

    2008-01-01

    Post-war identification is a unique ethnographic study of the remaking of post-war life in a small ethnically mixed town in Bosnia Herzegovinia. During the war in the 1990's the local Muslim population was expelled, but today has returned to live alongside former enemies. These people are trying to piece together a life from broken fragments that consists of war-related traumas, nationalist propaganda, ruined economies, disappointment, and memories of pre-war life. In this shattered world Tor...

  6. Comparative assessment of passive surveillance in disease-free and endemic situation: Example of Brucella melitensis surveillance in Switzerland and in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haracic Sabina

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Globalization and subsequent growth in international trade in animals and animal products has increased the importance of international disease reporting. Efficient and reliable surveillance systems are needed in order to document the disease status of a population at a given time. In this context, passive surveillance plays an important role in early warning systems. However, it is not yet routinely integrated in the assessment of disease surveillance systems because different factors like the disease awareness (DA of people reporting suspect cases influence the detection performance of passive surveillance. In this paper, we used scenario tree methodology in order to evaluate and compare the quality and benefit of abortion testing (ABT for Brucella melitensis (Bm between the disease free situation in Switzerland (CH and a hypothetical disease free situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH, taking into account DA levels assumed for the current endemic situation in BH. Results The structure and input parameters of the scenario tree were identical for CH and BH with the exception of population data in small ruminants and the DA in farmers and veterinarians. The sensitivity analysis of the stochastic scenario tree model showed that the small ruminant population structure and the DA of farmers were important influential parameters with regard to the unit sensitivity of ABT in both CH and BH. The DA of both farmers and veterinarians was assumed to be higher in BH than in CH due to the current endemic situation in BH. Although the same DA cannot necessarily be assumed for the modelled hypothetical disease free situation as for the actual endemic situation, it shows the importance of the higher vigilance of people reporting suspect cases on the probability that an average unit processed in the ABT-component would test positive. Conclusion The actual sensitivity of passive surveillance approaches heavily depends on the context in

  7. Analysis of CYP3A4*1B and CYP3A5*3 polymorphisms in population of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabina Semiz

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim Differences in the frequency of distribution of the cytochromeP450 (CYP allelic variants have been demonstrated between distinct ethnic groups, contributing to observed interindividual variation in drug response. In this study we determined, for the irst time, prevalence of the common allelic variants of the polymorphic CYP enzymes, CYP3A4*1B and CYP3A5*3, in the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH. Methods Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples collected from 140 unrelated subjects. A real-time PCR was used for the detection of CYP polymorphisms, with the application of the speciic TaqMan® SNP Genotyping Assay (Applied Biosystemsfor CYP3A5*3, while CYP3A4*1B was genotyped by high-resolution melting analysis. Results Our results have shown that the distribution of CYP3A4*1B and CYP3A5*3 alleles was in line with the data reported in European Caucasians. We conirmed that CYP3A4*1B mutant allele is rare in Caucasians, being present in only 5.1% individuals. However, CYP3A5*3 polymorphism was found to be predominant in the Bosnian population with an incidence of 94%, similarly to other European populations tested so far. Interestingly, we have demonstrated a strong linkage disequilibrium between CYP3A5*3 and CYP3A4*1B alleles. No signiicant difference in allele frequencies for CYP3A4*1B and CYP3A5*3 has been shown between male and female subjects participating in our study. Conclusion Our data demonstrated the high prevalence of CYP3A5*3 allele in Bosnian population, indicating signiicance of analysis of CYP3A5 and CYP3A4 polymorphisms and corresponding allele frequencies in speciic ethnic groups. Importantly, results of this study may lead to translation of pharmacogenetics and individualized therapeutic approach in current clinical practices in BH.

  8. Communication of 30 September 1996 received from the resident representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Slovenia to the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of a letter dated 29 august 1996 received on 4 September 1996 by the Director General of IAEA from the Resident Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Slovenia regarding certain references to 'Yugoslavia' and 'the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)' in the Annual Report for 1995 in connection with Agency membership and participation in international treaties which was distributed in document GC(40)/INF/10. The text of the Director General's reply dated 17 September 1996 to that letter, and the text of a new letter dated 30 September 1996 received on 9 October 1996 by the Director General from the same Resident Representatives referring to the Director General's letter of 17 September are also included

  9. Molecular characterisation of methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in inpatients and outpatients in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzunović-Kamberović, Selma; Rijnders, Michelle I A; Stobberingh, Ellen E; Ibrahimagić, Amir; Kamberović, Farah; Ille, Tatjana

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic background of methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) obtained from clinical specimens of inpatients and outpatients. Methicillin resistance was confirmed by the presence of the mecA gene by PCR. The genetic characterisation was performed using spa typing and the algorithm based upon repeat pattern (BURP). Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from 68 and 79 inpatient and outpatient samples, 31 (46 %) and 14 (18 %) of which were MRSA, respectively. Among 37 inpatients and 65 outpatients with MSSA, 22 and 38 spa types were clustered into seven and eight spa-CCs, respectively. The main MSSA spa-CC of inpatients and outpatients was spa-CC015 (multilocus sequence typing (MLST) CC45). Most MRSA were associated with spa-CC355/595 (MLST CC152). MRSA-related background was found in 32 % of inpatients and 43 % of outpatients with MSSA, suggesting that MRSA did not arise from predominant MSSA clones. PMID:23053564

  10. Wartime Rape and Sexual Violence : A qualitative analysis of perpetrators of sexual violence during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Sexual war violence is a contemporary, prevalent and brutal weapon of war. Most research in this area focuses exclusively on the experiences of the female victims, and the motivations and rationalizations of the perpetrators are largely omitted from inquiry. To the extent that their experiences are addressed, the literature tends to resort to essentialist explanations according to which the perpetrators are evil, mentally ill and predisposed to engage in such reprehensible actions. I reject t...

  11. Post-conflict Reconstruction through State-and Nation-building: The Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Marko

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the effects of the implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement, which had been based on a "political" compromise with various static and dynamic elements, with regard to the functioning of institutions, developments in the party system, rule of law, effective administration and the economy. In particular the role of the High Representative and the Constitutional Court´s jurisprudence are highlighted for post-conflict reconstruction through state- and nation-building. Finally, based also on a critique of the role of the International Community, the remaining problems are addressed such as the economic viability and attractiveness for foreign investment and the need to shift the balance more from ethnic power-sharing to state effectiveness. In this regard, lessons to be learned from the Bosnian case study are drawn and put into a prospective context for further integration into the European Union.

  12. Efficiency of a single-rate and broad-based VAT system: the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinka Antić

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the performance and efficiency of the VAT system in B&H and explore the effects of internal and external factors influencing VAT collection. The VAT system in B&H is a consumption-type, single-rate and broad-based system. Ever since its implementation, VAT collection in B&H has been subject to strong oscillations, from an extremely high performance in the first two years after the introduction, to a sharp drop at the beginning of the crisis. After a temporary recovery, VAT collection declined in the last quarter of 2012 and has been negative ever since, although a weak recovery of the B&H economy was observed in 2013. The key hypothesis is that the high efficiency of the broadbased and single-rate structured VAT system may be neutralized by the country’s specific circumstances and VAT policy design. Applying a set of indicators for VAT efficiency analysis, developed by IMF, OECD and EU, we find a deterioration of the components of the policy gap caused by derogations of the VAT Law, and an increasing compliance gap, due to an increase of the VAT debt and tax evasion, in consequence of poor policy design in the field of excises. As a result of the influence of the country’s specific circumstances and its VAT policy design the identifiable current net losses on VAT in 2013 amount to 4% of net VAT collection or 0.4% of GDP. The analysis presented in the paper proves the main hypothesis that a VAT design, even when it is close to theoretically ideal concept, cannot on its own produce a high level of VAT efficiency and performance.

  13. The consequences of judicial obligations as a politics of transition in post-war Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veljanovska Michelle

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the idea of victimhood from the individual to societal level within the context of transitional justice and reconciliation. The idea of justice and truth has gained considerable prevalence within post-war states in the Balkan region. The reform of the state has required the regeneration of society based on particular legal interpretations of the political violence. As a result, an era of judicial obligations has come to frame how society regenerates, reforms and rehabilitates. Therefore the paper discusses the consequences of wartime victimization in terms of local responses to how ‘the past is processed’ through Transitional Justice institutions like the International Criminal Tribunal of Yugoslavia (ICTY, and associated ad-hoc mechanisms, like outreach programs. The establishment of such judicial processes have set off particular questions like can society be seen as victim? How is society victim? Using a socio-political approach, such questions are problematised through a political defeat paradigm to reveal a particular political anxiety that underwrites the new societies and their politics. This is where the idea of “state anxiety” and “political defeat” are used to discuss what has locally formed out of such politics of transition.

  14. Epilepsy in Children with Intellectual Disability in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Effects of Sex, Level and Etiology of Intellectual Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memisevic, Haris; Sinanovic, Osman

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the occurrence of epilepsy in children with intellectual disability. An additional goal was to determine if there were statistical differences in the occurrence of epilepsy related to the sex, level and etiology of intellectual disability of children. The sample consisted of 167 children with intellectual…

  15. Long-term forecasting of energy, electricity and active power demand – Bosnia and Herzegovina case study

    OpenAIRE

    Avdaković, S.; Bećirović, E.; Hasanspahić, N.; Musić, M.; Merzić, A.; Tuhčić, A.; Karadža, J.; Pešut, D.; Lončarević, A. Kinderman

    2015-01-01

    — Accurate forecast of electricity consumption is important for every electric power company because it determines the dynamics and characteristics of future construction of power facilities. Speaking in the long term, if the forecasts were too low or high, it could cause a number of adverse events leading electricity companies in the generation deficit or complex financial problems due to excessive investment in generating facilities that are not fully utilized. This paper presents the resul...

  16. Monitoring jonosfere i svemirskog vremena u Bosni i Hercegovini : Monitoring of ionosphere and space weather in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Džana Horozović

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Zbog svoje disperzivne prirode, jonosfera uzrokuje kašnjenje koda, odnosno ubrzanje faze signala Globalnih navigacijskih satelitskih sistema - GNSS. Usprkos napretku metoda GNSS pozicioniranja, jonosferska refrakcija je još uvijek jedan od najvećih izvora pogrešaka geodetskog pozicioniranja i navigacije. Različiti fenomeni svemirskog vremena, kao: solarni vjetar, geomagnetna oluja, solarna radijacija, može oštetiti GNSS satelite, dalekovode i elektrodistributivnu mrežu, itd. Zato je važno ustanoviti metode istraživanja i monitoringa svemirskog vremena. Istraživanje jonosfere i svemirskog vremena je predmet ovog rada. Opisan je postupak konstruiranja SID (engl. sudden ionospheric disturbances – iznenadne jonosferske smetnje monitora. Analiza je pokazala da je jonosferska monitoring stanica u Sarajevu SRJV_ION 0436 sposobna otkriti pojačano zračenje. : Due to its dispersive nature, ionosphere causes a group delay or phase acceleration of the signals from Global navigation satellite systems - GNSS. Despite the progress of GNSS positioning methods, the ionospheric refraction is still one of the greatest source of the errors in the geodetic positioning and navigation. Different phenomenons oft he space weather: solar wind, geomagnetic storm, solar radiation, can damage GNSS, and electric power distribution networks but That is why it's important to establish research and monitoring methods of the space weather. The subject of this paper is the investigation of ionosphere and space weather. Procedure of constructing a SID (engl. Sudden ionospheric disturbances monitor station are described. The analysis showed that ionosphere monitoring station in Sarajevo, SRJV_ION 0436, was able to detect increased solar radiation.

  17. Distribution and taxonomic relationships of spined loaches (Cobitidae, Cobitis) in the River Neretva basin, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šanda, R.; Bogut, I.; Doadrio, I.; Kohout, Jan; Perdices, A.; Perea, S.; Šedivá, Alena; Vukič, J.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 57, 1-2 (2008), s. 20-25. ISSN 0139-7893. [International Conference Loaches of the genus Cobitis and related genera. Šibenik, 24.09.2006-29.09.2006] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) KJB600450601 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50450515 Keywords : Cobitis * Adriatic Sea Basin * Conservation Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 0.522, year: 2008

  18. Symbolic violence and the politics of environmental pollution science: The case of coal ash pollution in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Broto, V. C.

    2013-01-01

    Environmental justice movements often contest environmental knowledge by engaging in scientific debates, which implies accepting the predominance of scientific discourses over alternative forms of knowledge. Using Bourdieu's concept of symbolic violence, this paper warns that the engagement with hegemonic forms of knowledge production may reproduce, rather than challenge, existing social and environmental inequalities. The argument is developed with reference to a case study of coal ash pollu...

  19. Developing the function of human resource management with a view to building competitive advantage of enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Delić, Adisa; Smajlović, Selma

    2014-01-01

    Contemporary business environment generates hyper changes and hyper competition, which is why enterprises are challenged to search for new sources to preserve and build competitive advantage in the global marketplace. In the theory and practice of management, the general view is that people and their knowledge are becoming a fundamental value in modern enterprises, and that successful human resource management is an important determinant of competitiveness. However, the importance...

  20. The Role of the United States of America to End a War in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1992-1995

    OpenAIRE

    Osmanović, Šemso

    2014-01-01

    Between 1991 and 1995, close to three hundred thousand people were killed in the former Yugoslavia. The international responses to this catastrophe was at best uncertain and at worst appalling. While both the United States and the European Union initially viewed the Balkan wars as a European problem, the Europeans chose not to take a strong stand, restricting themselves to dispatching U.N. “peacekeepers” to a country where there was no peace keep, and withholding from them the means and the a...

  1. Postgraduate studies (1978-1985 at the Medical Faculty of the University of Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Husref Tahirović

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Postgraduate studies (PS at the Medical Faculty (MF of the University of Tuzla (UT were founded with the aim of training future staff of the MF in scientific research work. The course lasted four semesters. Up to 1986, classes were attended by five generations or 141 postgraduate students, and 57 of them received their Master’s degree (MSc’s. Classes were held every week on Fridays and Saturdays. One part of the classes was taught at the MF in Szeged (Hungary. Besides teachers from the UT, classes were also taught by teachers from other universities from the former Yugoslavia and abroad. The most important textbooks were: Cell and Molecular Biology by de Robertisa, Mathematics and statistics for use in pharmacy, biology, and chemistry by Saunders & Fleming, and Kako se pišu saopštenja o medicinskim istraživanjima (How to write reports of medical research by Rajko Igić. Searching the index base Pub Med at the end of 2014, by the surnames and initials of the names of the 57 masters, we found that they had published 14 articles before completing their MSc’s and 821 articles after completing their Master of Science. Later, 35 masters received PhDs and were appointed assistant professors, and later they were also appointed to higher ranks. Conclusion: Looking at the results of the PS, MF of the UT in the above mentioned period, it can be said that the PS was the place where the formation began of the future scientific and teaching staff of the MF in Tuzla.

  2. Human Security as a Political Strategy: The Road to Peace? : The Role of the EU in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this master’s thesis is to study the concept of human security in a relationship with peace. Human security has the power to shape political discourse, and its contents, components as well as relation to other interlinked concepts have been continuously developed in the United Nations, in academia and within various policy institutes and non-governmental networks. The aim of this master’s thesis is to enrich the existing debate and question whether a foreign policy based on huma...

  3. Trauma Symptoms in Pupils Involved in School Bullying – A Cross Sectional Study Conducted in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Cerni Obrdalj, Edita; Sesar, Kristina; Santic, Zarko; Klaric, Miro; Sesar, Irena; Rumboldt, Mirjana

    2013-01-01

    To determine the association between involvement in school bullying and trauma symptoms and to find whether children with presence of trauma symptoms participate in school bullying more as victims, as bullies or as bully/victims. The study included 1055, 6th to 8th grade (12–14 years of age) elementary school pupils from the western part of Mostar, The pupils were self-interviewed using a Questionnaire on School Violence developed in 2003 and validated in Croatia, and Trauma Symptoms Check Li...

  4. Trauma symptoms in pupils involved in school bullying--a cross sectional study conducted in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obrdalj, Edita Cerni; Sesar, Kristina; Santic, Zarko; Klarić, Miro; Sesar, Irena; Rumboldt, Mirjana

    2013-03-01

    To determine the association between involvement in school bullying and trauma symptoms and to find whether children with presence of trauma symptoms participate in school bullying more as victims, as bullies or as bully/victims. The study included 1055, 6th to 8th grade (12-14 years of age) elementary school pupils from the western part of Mostar, The pupils were self-interviewed using a Questionnaire on School Violence developed in 2003 and validated in Croatia, and Trauma Symptoms Check List for Children (TSCC). The pupils involved in the school violence, either as victims, bullies, bully/victims had significantly more trauma symptoms than the not involved. Involvement in school bullying as a bully/ victim was a strong indicator of trauma symptoms, particularly anxiety, anger, posttraumatic stress, dissociation, obvious dissociation, and dissociation fantasy symptoms, while the victims of school violence had the highest odds ratio for the development of depressive symptoms. There is strong association between bullying and trauma symptoms in young adolescents. From our results, emphasis should be placed at the regularly screening on bullying in praxis of family physicians and regularly conduction of preventive measures and early intervention in every primary school. PMID:23697244

  5. Model for Estimating the Potential of Social Networking Sites Usage in Tourism Industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Edin Osmanbegović; Kadrija Hodžić; Mirza Suljic

    2014-01-01

    Social networking has taken contemporary business experiences to a new level that cannot be compared with anything that happened so far. Tourism industry and travel booking activities have significantly benefited from such development. Potential travellers can communicate with tourist agencies and operators through social networking sites as well as with tourists who already have visited desired destination or used services from certain operator. This means that tourists can get information d...

  6. mecA-positive methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates in Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamberović, Farah; Ibrahimagić, Amir; Uzunović, Selma; Budimir, Ana; Rijnders, Michelle I A; Stobberingh, Ellen E

    2015-01-01

    Forty-four mecA-positive and eight mecA-negative Staphylococcus aureus isolates confirmed by PCR were further tested by disc-diffusion (DD) oxacillin and cefoxitin, oxacillin Epsilon (E)-test, and oxacillin and cefoxitin minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) Strip methicillin-resistant phenotype in S. aureus (MRSA) tests. Among 44 mecA-positive S. aureus isolates, two (4·5%) were detected as MRSA by DD-oxacillin, 17 (38·6%) by DD-cefoxitin test, and seven (15·9%) by the E-test. In the cefoxitin MIC Strip MRSA test, 19 (43·2%) isolates were resistant. In the oxacillin MIC Strip MRSA test, 18 (40·9%) isolates were resistant and 26 (59·1%) were sensitive, i.e. oxacillin-sensitive MRSA (OS-MRSA) (MIC range 0·25-≤0·25 mg/l). Fifteen out of 26 OS-MRSA (57·7%) belonged to spa-CC 355/595, 78% of which belonged to the largest PFGE clone. Some discrepancies between the phenotypic methods for MRSA identification obtained in this study were caused by large proportion of OS-MRSA. Misidentification of OS-MRSA as MSSA might result in an appearance of highly resistant MRSA in patients treated with beta-lactam antibiotics. PMID:25112955

  7. Transfer of production to Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina: External influences for companies approach to an appropriate entry mode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhic, Sefik

    engagement”). I will discuss why companies could find it an attractive proposition, from both points of view. This will include the benefits, barriers and problems that can be encountered, for all parties. This will be done with a thorough scientific analysis of relevant theories and investigations......&H). The empirical data, in its raw form is a mixture of 7 different languages, two of which use the Cyrillic alphabet. This has led to some very interesting translation i.e. “red thread” (Sefik), “Rød tråd” (Danish), “Common thread” (English). Therefore it is important to read the text, especially the quotations...

  8. Prediction of the Y-Chromosome Haplogroups Within a Recently Settled Turkish Population in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doğan, Serkan; Doğan, Gŭlşen; Ašić, Adna; Besić, Larisa; Klimenta, Biljana; Hukić, Mirsada; Turan, Yusuf; Primorac, Dragan; Marjanović, Damir

    2016-04-01

    Analysis of Y-chromosome haplogroup distribution is widely used when investigating geographical clustering of different populations, which is why it plays an important role in population genetics, human migration patterns and even in forensic investigations. Individual determination of these haplogroups is mostly based on the analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers located in the non-recombining part of Y-chromosome (NRY). On the other hand, the number of forensic and anthropology studies investigating short tandem repeats on the Y-chromosome (Y-STRs) increases rapidly every year. During the last few years, these markers have been successfully used as haplogroup prediction methods, which is why they have been used in this study. Previously obtained Y-STR haplotypes (23 loci) from 100 unrelated Turkish males recently settled in Sarajevo were used for the determination of haplogroups via 'Whit Athey's Haplogroup Predictor' software. The Bayesian probability of 90 of the studied haplotypes is greater than 92.2% and ranges from 51.4% to 84.3% for the remaining 10 haplotypes. A distribution of 17 different haplogroups was found, with the Y- haplogroup J2a being most prevalent, having been found in 26% of all the samples, whereas R1b, G2a and R1a were less prevalent, covering a range of 10% to 15% of all the samples. Together, these four haplogroups account for 63% of all Y-chromosomes. Eleven haplogroups (E1b1b, G1, I1, I2a, I2b, J1, J2b, L, Q, R2, and T) range from 2% to 5%, while E1b1a and N are found in 1% of all samples. Obtained results indicate that a large majority of the Turkish paternal line belongs to West Asia, Europe Caucasus, Western Europe, Northeast Europe, Middle East, Russia, Anatolia, and Black Sea Y-chromosome lineages. As the distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroups is consistent with the previously published data for the Turkish population residing in Turkey, it was concluded that the analyzed population could also be recognized as

  9. Strengthening the levels of food companies' market orientation - the road towards strengthening the competitiveness of agribusiness in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolić, Aleksandra; Uzunović, Mirza; Mujčinović, Alen

    2014-01-01

    High level of trade deficit indicates low competitiveness in B&H agribusiness, which brings the question whether its low competitiveness is mirroring its low market orientation, i.e. capability to apply integrated business philosophy which ensures adequate competitive advantages and sustains development of companies. To answer that, a survey was conducted through a MKTOR scale for measuring market orientation, on fifty food companies in the period May – December 2013. Statistical analysis was...

  10. What drives the profitability of the banking sector? An Empirical evidence from Bosnia &Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmed Ganić

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper empirically examines the relationship between the key banks' specific variables of regression models in determination of bank profitability in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H. For the purposes of econometric modeling, quarterly indicators of the banking sector based on country's aggregate data over the period 2000q1 to 2014q2, including one macroeconomic indicator (GDP growth rate were employed. The key findings of this research showed that there was a positive and statistically significant relationship between (ROAA, the three of explanatory variables (LATA, TLTD and CRR and a negative and statistically significant relationship with CEF and CAR. The results of our study have shown that higher bank's profitability measured by ROAA was possible if the banks increase the employment of capital, effectively manage operating costs, increase the share of deposits in financing loans, and improve non lending operation. More specifically, ROAE was significantly influenced by only two variables: cost efficiency and management of credit risk. Our findings of Model 2 and statistically insignificant relationships of six explanatory variables with ROAE can be explained by the consequences of global financial crisis. This influenced the profitability since more economic factors were affected abnormally during analyzed periods. The paper is structured as follows: Section 2 deals with the literature review; Section 3 contains an explanation of the data and methodology and Section 4 deals with empirical findings. The findings and discussion presented in previous sections of this paper end with conclusions in section 5.

  11. Personal Narrative on the Education Processes in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    McDermott, J. Cynthia; Panjeta, Lejla

    2013-01-01

    The first section of this paper describes briefly the history of education reform in the former Yugoslavia. Under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito (1892-1980), who made a significant and lasting commitment to education, vast improvements were made in the educational system. The significant legislative reforms in the education system were introduced under Tito's regime. Then, this paper also weaves together the personal narrative of Professor Lejla Panjeta, a student during the 1472 day siege...

  12. National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina-in Sarajevo Its Fate and Prospects for Revival Saraybosna'daki Bosna-Hersek Ulusal ve Üniversite Kütüphanesi Yazgısı Ve Yeniden Kurulması İle İlgili Beklent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enes Kuyumcic

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available The National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina was destructed during a bombardment in 1992. The Library has lost very many valuable irreplaceable materials together with its catalogue. The Library was a legal depository since 1945 and it had also become a university library in 1957. Its collections included works in many languages reflecting the multicultural character of Bosnia, rare books, archive materials, and scientific books and journals. The Library used to offer information services and used IT in its work over the last ten years. It was a focal point for library and information reserach and provided guidance and supervision to other libraries in Bosnia and Herzegovina. International assistance is required for the revival of the Library and UNESCO has started a programme. The National and University Library Bosnia and Herzegovina (NUB BiH in Sarajevo was destroyed during the night of 25 August 1992. The precious collections of books, archival material and periodicals representing the memory of many generations perished during the bombardment. The Library Catalogue together with an irreplaceable collection of journals, published since the middle of the 19th Century in Bosnia and Herzegovina and other parts of former Yugoslavia, were also lost. Only a small portion of the Library holdings was saved and is now housed in five different lo cations within the city. The written records in various languages and scripts were witness to the multi-cultural, multiethnic ans multireligious character of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The NUBBiH housed ca. 2 Million volumes and other items including ca. 6.000 periodicals most of which were catalogued according to the international bibliographic description standards. The Automated Library Catalogue had been started a few years ago before the war, and the staff was provided with training in modern technology and carried out library and information research. 1992 yılında bir bombard

  13. How a Collective Trauma Influences Ethno-Religious Relations of Adolescents in Present-Day Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merima Šehagić

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article combines a historical perspective on intergenerational transmission of collective trauma with a psycho-anthropological approach in regards to the construction of multiple identifications by Bosniak adolescents growing up in Bosnia and Herzegovina, after the Balkan war that took place in the early 1990s. This research is based on the ethnographic fieldwork I conducted during my three-month stay in Sarajevo, a city that has been the center of battles between Bosnian Serbs and Bosniaks. The aim of this research is to understand the ways in which memories of the war linger on in contemporary interethnic and interreligious relations. I applied Dialogical Self Theory to analyze dilemmas and ambiguities emerging from the multiple identifications of Muslim adolescents, to whom coexistence with Bosnian Serbs has come to be part of everyday life. During oral histories, my informants expressed a desire to maintain a sense of normality, consisting of a stable political and economic present and future. I argue that nationalist ideologies on ethno-religious differences which were propagated during the war stand in the way of living up to this desire. On a micro level, people try to manage their desire for normality by promoting a certain degree of social cohesion and including the ethno-religious other to a shared national identity of ‘being Bosnian’.

  14. Comparative assessment of passive surveillance in disease-free and endemic situation: Example of Brucella melitensis surveillance in Switzerland and in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Haracic Sabina; Hadorn Daniela C; Stärk Katharina DC

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Globalization and subsequent growth in international trade in animals and animal products has increased the importance of international disease reporting. Efficient and reliable surveillance systems are needed in order to document the disease status of a population at a given time. In this context, passive surveillance plays an important role in early warning systems. However, it is not yet routinely integrated in the assessment of disease surveillance systems because diff...

  15. PERCEIVED SERVICE QUALITY THROUGH PRISM OF DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CUSTOMERS: HYPERMARKET STORES’ MARKET IN THE FEDERATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Jelčić, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    There are dynamic changes occurring at the retail sale market. There is less emphasized manoeuvring space for differentiation. The retailers offer similar assortment of the products with similar prices and quality. This opens more space for differentiation based on providing excellent services. Service quality in retail can be important in creation and maintenance of relationship with customers, strengthening those relations and creating the loyal customers’ basis. Influence of demographic an...

  16. ABO histo-blood groups and Rh systems in relation to malignant tumors of the digestive tract in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović-Ćupić Snežana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The distribution of ABO blood groups and the Rhesus factor was analyzed in 279 patients who suffered from malignant tumors of the digestive system. Patients were registered retrospectively in the Gastroenterohepatology Clinic, Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo over a discontinuous period of 88 months. From the results obtained, it was concluded that: (a men became ill from gastric cancer significantly more frequently than women; (b the frequency of liver carcinoma was three times higher than the global frequency and the frequency neighboring ethnic groups; and (c patients with blood group B and patients with RhD(- exhibited a significantly higher proportion of disease.

  17. ABO histo-blood groups and Rh systems in relation to malignant tumors of the digestive tract in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Jovanović-Ćupić Snežana; Stamenković Gorana; Blagojević Jelena; Vanis N.; Stanojević B.; Berberović Lj.

    2008-01-01

    The distribution of ABO blood groups and the Rhesus factor was analyzed in 279 patients who suffered from malignant tumors of the digestive system. Patients were registered retrospectively in the Gastroenterohepatology Clinic, Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo over a discontinuous period of 88 months. From the results obtained, it was concluded that: (a) men became ill from gastric cancer significantly more frequently than women; (b) the frequency of liver carcinoma was three times high...

  18. INTERNATIONAL JURISDICTION RULES IN MATTERS OF PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: THE CONCEPT OF HABITUAL RESIDENCE V NATIONALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Alihodzic

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The rules of jurisdiction in matters of parental responsibility contained in the Brussels II bis Regulation are based on the concept of habitual residence, while the legislation in B&H in this area gave priority to the principle of nationality. Analyzing these concepts, the author of the paper points to the importance of interpreting the concept of habitual residence by the European Court of Justice, and gives possible directions for reform of the relevant provisions of the PIL Act in terms of their compliance with EU law.

  19. Social Networks in Education of Health Professionals in Bosnia and Herzegovina – the Role of Pubmed/Medline in Improvement of Medical Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet; Sivic, Suad

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Social network is a social structure made up of individuals and organizations that represent “nodes”, and they are associated with one or more types of interdependency; such as: friendship, common interests, work, knowledge, prestige and many other interests. Beginning with the late twentieth and early twenty-first century, the Internet was a significant additional tool in the education of teenagers. Later, it takes more and more significant role in educating students and profes...

  20. Community-acquired urinary tract infections by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Saric

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and antimicrobial resistance of ESBL-producing strains in the community-acquired urinary tract infections (CAUTIs, which is necessary for antimicrobial therapy selection. From January 2003 to September 2004, 4,112 consecutive, non-duplicate coliform isolates from CAUTIs were analyzed. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing to fifteen antimicrobials was performed by disc-diffusion method. Double-disk synergy test (DDST with amoxicillin-clavulanat, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone and aztreonam, and Etest strips with PM/PML (AB Biodisk was performed according to CLSI recommendation in order to detect the ESBL producers. The overall incidence of ESBL producing strains was 2.6% (108/4112, it was significantly higher in males, 8.4% (79/936 than in females, 0.9% (29/3176. The highest prevalence of ESBL producers was noted in the oldest and youngest age group: 4.8% (52/106 and 2.6% (27/1045, respectively. An increase from 2.2% (52/2402 to 3.3% (56/1710, and a shift of ESBL producers toward the age group 0-6 years (1.6% and 3.8%, respectively in this period was observed. The incidence of ESBL producing strains among isolated Klebsiella spp. were 7.8% (83/1060, E. coli 0.7% (18/2561, Citrobacter spp. 0.6% (1/156, Enterobacter spp. 7.7% (3/39 and Proteus spp. 1.0% ( 3/297. Among ESBL producing isolates Klebsiella spp. predominated, 76.9% (83/108, followed by E. coli 16.7% (18/108. ESBL producing strains showed significantly higher resistance rates to all tested antibiotics as compared to to non-ESBL-producers. The increase and shift toward the youngest age group of the ESBL producer incidences is of our concern. Further studies are required to detect ESBL types in terms of highly different geographical dissemination of these isolates.

  1. Diversity of Y-short tandem repeats in the representative sample of the population of Canton Sarajevo residents, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenanović, Merisa; Pojskić, Naris; Kovacević, Lejla; Dzehverović, Mirela; Cakar, Jasmina; Musemić, Dzenisa; Marjanović, Damir

    2010-06-01

    In our previous population study, we have used twelve Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats loci incorporated in the PowerPlex Y System to determine Y-STR diversity in B&H human population. With intent to obtain additional verification of the previously obtained results as well as to establish specific reference for a local B&H population, we have decided to test DNA samples collected from 100 unrelated healthy male Canton Sarajevo residents (from Sarajevo region) for the same twelve Y-linked short tandem repeats loci. Qiagen DNeasy Tissue Kit (Qiagen, GmbH, Hilden, Germany) was used for DNA extraction from buccal swabs and PowerPlex Y System (Promega Corp., Madison, WI) has been used to simultaneously amplify Y-STR loci by PCR. PowerPlex Y System includes 12 STR loci: DYS19, DYS385a, DYS385b, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS439. The total PCR reaction volume was 5 microL. PCR amplifications were carried out in PE GeneAmp PCR System Thermal Cycler (ABI). Electrophoresis of the amplification products was preformed on an ABI PRISM 310 genetic analyzer (ABI, Foster City, CA) according to the manufacturer's recommendations. The raw data were compiled and analyzed using the accessory software: ABI PRISM Data Collection Software and Genemapper version 3.2. In addition, we have compared the obtained "Sarajevo" dataset with the data previously generated for the entire Bosnian and Herzegovinian population, as well as with the available data on geographically close (neighboring) European populations. The results of this study will be used as guidelines in additional improving of research into genetic relationship among recent local B&H populations, both isolated and open, which is a long-term project in our country. PMID:20698129

  2. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN EU’S BORDER AREAS: CROATIA AS A REGIONAL MODEL FOR DESTINATION BRANDING STRATEGY IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Maja PULIC

    2015-01-01

    The newest member joined the European Union (EU) with a well-conceived destination branding strategy. Croatia is becoming more and more identifiable world-wide by creating a distinctive brand in order to maintain a solid positioning as a destination place. As competition is becoming more intense, an increasing number of countries struggle to make themselves visible in the global tourism market. Tourism dominates the Croatian service sector, where the bulk of the tourist industry is concentrat...

  3. Sustainable Mountain Tourism: An Analysis of Bosnia-Herzegovina’s Wine Tourism and its Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hudelson John

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia-Herzegovina (B-H remains one of the most underdeveloped countries on the European Continent [1] yet it holds great potential as a tourist destination for outdoor adventurers, history enthusiasts, and now, wine connoisseurs. The southern part of this merged nation has always been an area of wine production, but the industry has been slow to develop into a net exporter of its wines. The author and many of the industry’s supporters believe that it would be more lucrative to follow in the footsteps of its western neighbor, Croatia, and develop the wine industry through wine tourism. Utilizing historical data, interviews, analysis of governmental statistics, review of the literature and finally a SWOT analysis, this paper suggests changes and expenditures required for Bosnia-Herzegovina to become a successful wine tourism destination. It is hoped that the suggestions made herein will direct further discussions if not actions in that direction.

  4. TERRITORIAL GOVERNANCE IN RURAL BOSNIA: THE ROLE OF LOCAL INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS IN SARAJEVO­ OMANIJA REGION

    OpenAIRE

    Vittuari, Matteo; El Bilali, Hamid; Sinisa BERJAN

    2012-01-01

    Rural economy in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is getting more diversified and it is slowly moving out from the traditional dependency on the agricultural sector. Although national and municipal budgets are still mainly focused on direct support to production, the number of organizations engaged in rural governance is rapidly growing and their role in policy design and delivery is getting increasingly important. The aim of this paper is to analyze the network and the coordination capacity of l...

  5. Morphometrical Characteristics of the Broader Area of Duvanjsko Polje, Bosnia and Hercegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Denis Radoš; Sanja Lozić; Ante Šiljeg

    2012-01-01

    The objects of this study are the hillslopes in the broader area of Duvanjsko polje (Bosnia and Herzegovina). Slopes can be defined as relief surfaces determined by geographical position, slope inclination (related with horizontal surface), aspect, and degree of curvature (profile and planar).Recent slope shapes can be defined as results of series of natural and anthropogenic factors during relief genesis and evolution. It is possible to correlate slope characteristics with geological structu...

  6. The prevalence of avian chlamydiosis (Chlamydophila psittaci) in Bosnia and Hezegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Rešidbegović Emina; Kavazović Aida; Gagić A.; Kustura Aida; Goletić T.; Vlahović Ksenija; Šatrović E.; Dovč Alenka

    2006-01-01

    In the article are presented the results of our research on chlamydophilosis in parrots, free-living and breeding pigeons, and intensive breeding chickens in Bosnia and Herzegovina. For detection of the antigen two immunoenzyme tests for the detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila psittaci and a complement fixation test by a Kolmer and indirect immunofluorescence method (BioMerieux, France) were used. From a total of 275 samples of cloacal swabs the presence of Chlamydophila psittaci an...

  7. Dog bites in Bosnia.

    OpenAIRE

    Croft, A.; R. Archer

    1997-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Rabies is a zoonosis that remains endemic in most parts of the world. Primary care physicians are in the first line of defence against the disease. An increasing number of British practitioners and medical students are being exposed to the dangers of rabies through humanitarian work on overseas attachments. Rabies is enzootic throughout Bosnia-Herzegovina and presents a hazard to the multinational troops currently deployed there. AIM: To describe the British Army's experience of a...

  8.   Open Source E-learning for Medical Schools in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dørup, Jens; Dahl, Mads Ronald; Simunovic, V.

    2005-01-01

    traffic. On the other hand many medical students use the internet regularly from their homes and there is an increasing knowledge and understanding for the use of IT in medical education both among teachers and students [2,3]. The present project was established to try to help the medical schools in...

  9. [Foundation of pharmaceutical policy in the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucić, S; Nenadić, D

    1998-01-01

    Pharmaceuticals are inevitable domain of disease prevention, diagnostics and treatment. The basic objective of pharmaceutical sector reform is to meet the needs of the majority of the population with the essential pharmaceuticals, which are proven as effective, evaluated quality and affordable prices. That objective could be achieved by undertaking a range of measures within the national pharmaceutical policy as an integral part of the overall health, policy in the country. Key elements of that policy should be: pharmaceutical management at the level of the Federal Ministry of Health and cantonal ministrie of health, pharmaceutical legislative documents, rationalization of pharmaceutical therapy (choices of essential pharmaceuticals, choices of pharmaceuticals covered by the resources of health insurance funds, list of hospital pharmaceuticals, selections during pharmaceuticals registration, educational measures, surveillance of measures), spreading information on pharmaceuticals by the pharmaceutical information centre, pharmaceutical supply (local pharmaceutical production, pharmaceuticals import, humanitarian assistance), funding of pharmaceuticals costs (cantonal and hospital lists of pharmaceuticals,) other reform strategies (quality control of pharmaceuticals, surveillance of side-effects, role of pharmacists in health system, environment protection) and strengthening of inspector surveillance. PMID:9623088

  10. Sustainable Mountain Tourism: An Analysis of Bosnia-Herzegovina’s Wine Tourism and its Future

    OpenAIRE

    Hudelson John

    2014-01-01

    Bosnia-Herzegovina (B-H) remains one of the most underdeveloped countries on the European Continent [1] yet it holds great potential as a tourist destination for outdoor adventurers, history enthusiasts, and now, wine connoisseurs. The southern part of this merged nation has always been an area of wine production, but the industry has been slow to develop into a net exporter of its wines. The author and many of the industry’s supporters believe that it would be more lucrative to follow in the...

  11. Memory Slain: Recovering Cultural Heritage in Post-war Bosnia

    OpenAIRE

    Supple, Shannon

    2005-01-01

    Violent conflicts between ethnic and religious groups in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the first half of the 1990s found both civilians and cultural heritage targeted for destruction. By attacking cultural heritage such as libraries, archives, museums, religious sites, and historic architecture, factions attempted to manipulate the collective memory of the region. Once the conflict ended, the people of Bosnia and others have made efforts to preserve remnants and reconstruct what was lost. Other route...

  12. Windcube + FCR test at Hrgud, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagner, Rozenn; Bejdic, Jasmin

    about 1.5%; but this deviation was fairly independent from the wind direction. This measurement campaign also highlighted a couple of important technical points, such as the importance of well protecting the lidar power supply in order to avoid any damage of the instruments, due to lightning hits for...

  13. Morphometrical Characteristics of the Broader Area of Duvanjsko Polje, Bosnia and Hercegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Radoš

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objects of this study are the hillslopes in the broader area of Duvanjsko polje (Bosnia and Herzegovina. Slopes can be defined as relief surfaces determined by geographical position, slope inclination (related with horizontal surface, aspect, and degree of curvature (profile and planar.Recent slope shapes can be defined as results of series of natural and anthropogenic factors during relief genesis and evolution. It is possible to correlate slope characteristics with geological structure and other natural geographic features (climate, soils, vegetation etc. using geomorphometrical analysis. The main aims of this study are: a analysis of morphometric relief indicators, b analysis of relationships between morphometric indicators, structural and lithological features, and c synthesis of all analyzed indicators in order to better understand exogeomorphological and morphostructural features of the investigated area. The final intention is to assess the extent and intensity of the dominant geomorphologic processes. Special attention was given to the detailed geomorphometrical analysis of morphostructures in the broader area of Duvanjsko polje in GIS environment based on DMR. The applied geomorphometrical relief analysis included the use of different methods for precise calculation of the investigated area’s numerical relief parameters, which enabled a mutual comparison of specified parameters and comparison with tectonic units and lithology maps. The aim of this approach is a more exact analysis and interpretation of morphometric relief parameters as indicators of the investigated area’s endogenous and exogenous processes’ characteristics.

  14. Campos de estupro: as mulheres e a guerra na Bósnia Rape camps: women and war in Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Carolina Schvartz Peres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A guerra na Bósnia-Herzegóvina organizou territórios etnicamente e redefiniu as categorias étnico-nacionais - sérvia, croata e bosniac (muçulmana. Enquanto os soldados combatiam nas linhas de frente, inúmeras eram as atrocidades testemunhadas em outros campos de batalha: casas, vilas, cidades, campos de detenção e concentração e os campos de estupro. Faço neste artigo uma revisão da discussão acerca do estupro na guerra na Bósnia, como este pode ser visto como arma de guerra e um instrumento de limpeza étnica e de tentativa de extermínio.The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina ethnically organized territories and redefined the ethno-national categories and groups - Serbs, Croats and Bosnians (Muslims. Beside the battles between soldiers at the front lines, several atrocities used to happen in other fields: homes, villages, cities, detention places, concentration camps, and the rape camps. This article introduces the debate about the rapes that occurred during the war in Bosnia and the ways to understand them: as a war weapon, as an ethnic cleansing tool, as an attempt to extermination.

  15. Twenty Years of Society of Medical Informatics of B&H and the Journal Acta Informatica Medica

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet

    2012-01-01

    In 2012, Health/Medical informatics profession celebrates five jubilees in Bosnia and Herzegovina: a) Thirty five years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data; b) Twenty five years from establishing Society for Medical Informatics BiH; c) Twenty years from establishing scientific and professional journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia and Herzegovina „Acta Informatica Medica“; d) Twenty years from establishing first Cathdra for Medical Informatics ...

  16. Cooperation after War: International Development in Bosnia, 1995 to 1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric C. Martin

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses how predispositions, incentives, the number and heterogeneity of participants, and leadership (Faerman et al. 2001 jointly influenced the international effort to develop Bosnia and Herzegovina. International coalitions, task forces, and advisory groups are increasingly charged with implementing reforms following civil conflict. This requires a complex web of interorganizational relationships among NGOS, donors and host nations at both global and ‘ground’ levels. To better understand development assistance, attention must be paid to the relationships between these varied players. We find that four factors influenced relationships between policy, donor, and implementing organizations; and those strained relationships, in turn, affected development success. The paper draws on interviews, conducted in Bosnia, with 43 development professionals, observation of development meetings in Tuzla and Sarajevo, and review of related documents from international development programs.

  17. The impact of U.S. military operations in Kuwait, Bosnia, and Kosovo (1991-2000) on environmental health surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkpatrick, Jeffrey S

    2011-07-01

    Deployments of U.S. Forces to the Persian Gulf (1991), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995), and Kosovo (1999) were associated with diverse, potential environmental exposures. Health effects possibly associated with these exposures were cause for concern among service members, veterans, and military and civilian leaders. A need for the military to effectively respond to these exposures, and more importantly, to assess and mitigate exposures before deployments and to conduct environmental surveillance during deployments was identified. The Department of Defense encountered many obstacles in dealing with the exposures of 1991. Even though these obstacles were being identified, and in some cases, addressed, responses to historical exposure concerns continued to be reactive. In 1996, efforts were intensified to improve policy and doctrine, field sampling equipment, risk assessment processes, geographic information systems, and other tools needed to effectively identify and reduce the impact of exposures before troops deploy and to conduct environmental surveillance while deployed. Success in these efforts resulted in a comprehensive, planned approach being implemented to address environmental health concerns during the 1999 Kosovo deployment. PMID:21916329

  18. Cataract as a leading cause of visual disability and blindness in the region of Eastern Sarajevo and Eastern Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Ćeklić Lala; Latinović Slobodanka; Aleksić Petar

    2005-01-01

    Introduction Cataract is the second leading cause of blindness and visual disability in the region of Eastern Herzegovina and Eastern Sarajevo. It is a curable and preventable cause of blindness, because visual function can be surgically recovered. The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of cataract among registered blind population. .Material and methods We used data stored in the Regional Association of Blind Persons from municipalities of Eastern Herzegovina (Trebinje, Kileča, ...

  19. A new Pseudoscorpion from Bosnia: Roncus bosniensis n. sp. (Neobisiidae, Pseudoscorpiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćurčić B.P.M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of troglobitic false scorpion, Roncus bosniensis n. sp. (Neobisiidae, Pseudoscorpiones, is described from inside an underground habitat, the Jama Pored Puta Pit, nr. Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The analyzed pseudoscorpion proves to differ from all other congeners, but is closest to R. hajnehaj Ćurčić & Dimitrijević. It is possible that the subterranean pseudoscorpion analyzed represents a relict of an old tropical faunal pattern of the Mediterranean. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173038

  20. Seismotectonics of Bosnia - Overview

    CERN Document Server

    Omerbashich, M

    2006-01-01

    Seismotectonics of Bosnia seems to follow the Mediterranean marine regime. Earthquakes occur mostly in the outer Dinaric Alps (southern Bosnia), while the strongest earthquakes occur within the Sarajevo Fault system in southern and northwestern Bosnia. In addition to active tectonics being strong, crustal earthquakes occur often as well. Due to rich hydrogeology, crustal loading such as by snow and rain, or reservoir inundation, represents the most important secondary seismogenic source in the region. Despite its exquisite and active geomorphology no comprehensive and reliable geodynamical studies exist on the region. Seismic sensors coverage is extremely poor also. One centenary analogue, and a few recently installed digital seismometers are insufficient for a region that exhibits mild to high seismic activity. Significant investments are needed in order for GPS, seismic and other sensor instrumented networks to be put in place or enhanced. Technical personnel needs to be educated to enable support provide f...

  1. Leading causes of blindness and visual impairment in the region of Eastern Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Ćeklić Lala; Latinović Slobodanka; Aleksić Petar

    2006-01-01

    Introduction. Visual impairment and blindness are serious social and health problems in the world. 1992 classification of visual disorders by World Health Organization has recently been implemented. The goal of this study was to determine common causes of visual impairment and blindness in the region of Eastern Herzegovina. Material and methods. In this population based study we have analyzed medical records stored in the regional Association of Visually Impaired and Blind Persons of the Repu...

  2. Leading causes of blindness and visual impairment in the region of Eastern Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćeklić Lala

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Visual impairment and blindness are serious social and health problems in the world. 1992 classification of visual disorders by World Health Organization has recently been implemented. The goal of this study was to determine common causes of visual impairment and blindness in the region of Eastern Herzegovina. Material and methods. In this population based study we have analyzed medical records stored in the regional Association of Visually Impaired and Blind Persons of the Republic of Srpska (Trebinje, Bileća, Foča, Eastern Sarajevo. The analysis included sex and age distribution of registered population, classification and leading causes of visual disability and blindness. Results. There are 298 registered persons with visual disability and blindness in the region of Eastern Herzegovina and Eastern Sarajevo. The prevalence of visual impairment and blindness in the aforementioned region is 0.1%. Among the studied population, there are more males than females with visual disability or blindness (56% versus 44%. Most (78% of registered persons are blind, and only 22% are visually impaired. 43% of registered population are in the IV category and only 8.38% are registered in the II category. Only 2% of registered population are children. Common causes of visual disability and blindness in the region of Eastern Herzegovina are: glaucoma (22%, cataract (17%, myopia alta (13%, diabetic retinopathy (12% and ocular trauma (11%. Common causes of children's visual impairment include: optic nerve anomalies, congenital cataract and premature retinopathy. Discussion and conclusion Compared with literature data, common causes of blindness and visual impairment in the region of Eastern Herzegovina do not differ significantly from those in other regions. Registration is based on the WHO model, but it is possible only by performing active epidemiological studies. .

  3. Bulk and clay mineral composition indicate origin of terra rossa soils in Western Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Durn, Goran; Ćorić, Radica; Tadej, Neven; Barudžija, Uroš; Rubinić, Vedran; Husnjak, Stjepan

    2014-01-01

    The B horizons of terra rossa soils developed on three different carbonate lithologies having variable insoluble residue contents were studied in Western Herzegovina. Comparison of  their composition and properties illustrates to what extent mineral (especially clay mineral assemblage) and particle size composition of those horizons and the insoluble residue of the underlying carbonate rocks can be used as indicators of the polygenetic nature of terra rossa in this region. Terra rossa B horiz...

  4. War in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegowina, and Kosovo, and PCBs hazards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Picer, M.; Kovac, T.; Picer, N.; Calic, V. [Rudjer Boskovic Inst., Zagreb (Croatia); Miosic, N. [Geological Survey, Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Kodba, Z.C. [Maribor Environmental Protection Inst., Maribor (Slovenia); Rugova, A. [Pristina Univ., Pristina (Serbia)

    2005-07-01

    Recent warfare in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegowina, and Kosovo has increased hazardous waste levels in the involved regions. Data on contaminant levels from water and soil samples collected before 1995 did not demonstrate significant levels of contamination. This paper provided the results of a study which showed that significant levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) exist in many of the areas worst affected by the war. During the study, soil and sediment samples were extracted with n-hexane. Fish extracts were extracted using a high revolution blender. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were then separated from organochlorine insecticides on a silica gel column. Electron capture detection gas chromatography (ECD-GC) was used to quantify the POPs. Results showed that levels of PCBs in soil samples from Bosnia and Herzegowina sampled during 2003 showed significantly high levels of total PCBs. Levels of contamination exceeded tolerance levels accepted in Netherlands. Fish samples did not demonstrate high levels of contaminants. Sediment samples from Bosnian rivers showed significant levels of PCBs. It was concluded that levels of PCBs in Bosnia and Herzegowina in 2003 were lower than levels observed in fish sampled in Dalmatia and Croatia. 5 refs., 1 tab., 3 figs.

  5. Health Effects of Sexual Violence against Woman as a War Weapon: Case of Bosnia War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel Gogen;

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women, a public health and human rights problem, evaluated by the case of Bosnia War. METHODS: Bosnia War, United Nations resolutions, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY cases, activities of NGOs, approaches of WHO, Dayton Peace Agreement, current health programs were evaluated with the health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women. RESULTS: Sexual violence against women and systematic rapes were used as an “ethnic cleaning” tool and war weapon during Bosnia War, estimated 20.000-60.000 women and girls were raped systematically, captivated in rape camps, exposed to sexual violence. Medical care following the sexual violence against women and rape should include; Determination and teatment of injuries, forensic notice and documentation, preventive and curative services for Sexually Transmitted Diseases including HIV/AIDS, emergency contraceptive services, safe medical abortus, follow up of pregnancies, psychosocial support and services and training of health care professionals. Mental Health Reform became a priority health topic for Bosnia Herzegovina aftermath of the Bosnia War. Taking measures to prevent social stigmatism of the victims, economic support and implementation of rehabilitation programs, punishment of the perpetrators to repair social and community bonds are important. ICTY investigates and punishes the crimes of rapes and sexual violence against women. CONCLUSION: UN defines the violence against women and rapes during wars as “crime against humanity”. Besides improving the status of women, comprehensive approaches with the cooperation of medical, legal and social organisations are needed. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(1.000: 119-126

  6. Justice, Accountability and Social Reconstruction: An Interview Study of Bosnian Judges and Prosecutors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlson, Kerstin Bree; Fletcher, Laurel; Weinstein, Harvey;

    2000-01-01

    This study of judges and prosecutors in Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter "BiH") is the first report in a multi-year study undertaken by the University of California, Berkeley, Human Rights Center regarding the relationship between justice, accountability and reconstruction in the former...... the economy, to ensure fairness and accountability in judicial proceedings and to prosecute war criminals. ... Only one Bosnian Serb legal professional stated unequivocally that the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina was the supreme law of the land. ... If all sides to the conflict are equally...

  7. Social cost of land mines in four countries: Afghanistan, Bosnia, Cambodia, and Mozambique.

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, N.; da Sousa, C. P.; Paredes, S.

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To document the effects of land mines on the health and social conditions of communities in four affected countries. DESIGN--A cross design of cluster survey and rapid appraisal methods including a household questionnaire and qualitative data from key informants, institutional reviews, and focus groups of survivors of land mines from the same communities. SETTING--206 communities, 37 in Afghanistan, 66 in Bosnia, 38 in Cambodia, and 65 in Mozambique. SUBJECTS--174,489 people livin...

  8. Power Politics and the Rule of Law in Post-Dayton Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Donais

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the past two decades, therule of law has emerged as a key priority within contemporary peacebuildingefforts. Drawing on examples from post-Dayton Bosnia, this article examines theimpact of rule of law reform efforts on broader patterns of power and politicalauthority in peacebuilding contexts. It suggests that in the case of Bosnia,the use of rule of law strategies to restructure political life has largelyfailed. Thus, despite some notable achievements on the rule of law front, thecore dynamics of Bosnia’s political conflict remain intact, and country’s peaceprocess is as fragile as ever. The article concludes by noting that charting acourse between accepting the political status quo and fundamentallytransforming it requires more nuanced approaches that advance the rule of laweven while accepting its limits as an instrument of deep politicaltransformation.

  9. The war in Bosnia, 1992-1995: analyzing military asymmetries and failures

    OpenAIRE

    Anghel, Gheorghe.

    2000-01-01

    This thesis analyzes the three key failures by the leading external powers in their efforts in 1992-1995 to manage the crisis in Bosnia and impose a settlement. Except for Russia, these leading powers were the so-called NATO quad: Britain, France, Germany, and the United States. when these powers initially intervened, they failed to comprehend the origins and dynamics of the Yugoslav crisis. These powers successively failed to prevent the outbreak of the fighting, then to properly contain it,...

  10. Odonata species and habitats at Livanjsko polje karst wetland area

    OpenAIRE

    Kulijer, Dejan

    2012-01-01

    Karst poljes (or poljes) are specific geological formations of the Dinaric Alps and are important wetland areas of high biodiversity value. The dragonfly fauna of poljes in Bosnia and Herzegovina is poorly researched and mostly unknown. In order to in-vestigate dragonfly species and habitats in these specific and interesting habitats, field research was conducted from April to October 2011 in Livanjsko polje (west Bosnia), the largest periodically flooded karst polje in the world. The number ...

  11. Job Performance, Job Satisfaction and Human Capital in the Labour Market in Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Ilgün

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the effect of job performance, job satisfaction and humancapital. It shows that together with monetary factors, such factors as theperception of the social importance of the job, the ability to meet good friendsin the team, and the atmosphere within which the respondents work, may alsohave a high level of impact on labour supply through human capital. The paperdemonstrates the power of non-monetary factors in achieving improvementsin the context of the ‘job performance-job satisfaction-human capital’ chain,thus bringing about positive changes in labour market supply in Bosnia.

  12. Geodetska služba Bosne i Hercegovine 1880. – 2012. : Geodetic service of Bosnia and Herzegovina 1880-2012

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa Begić

    2012-01-01

    Opisana su tri ključna razdoblja razvoja geodetske službe u Bosni i Hercegovini. Prve zemljišne evidencije u BiH potiču iz perioda uprave Osmanske carevine, od XV do XIX stoljeća. Za vrijeme okupacije i aneksije BiH od strane Austro-Ugarske monarhije izvršen je premjer i uspostavljen katastar zemljišta, zemljišna knjiga, izgrađena saobraćajna infrastruktura, definisana rudna polja itd. Tokom uprave stare i nove Jugoslavije primjenom modernijih metoda uspostavljene su geodetske mreže, izveden ...

  13. MORPHOLOGICAL AND GEOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF THE POSSIBLE BAUXITE DEPOSITS IN THE KARST REGION OF WESTERN HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Blašković

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Investigation results of morphological and geological potential bauxite deposit indicators in the Mesihovina-Rakitno bauxitebearing sedimentary basin in Western Herzegovina are presented. Region with carbonate and clastic hangingwalls as well as those without overlying sediments have been studied. It was established that the expression and number of the indicators depend size as well as on character and thickness of hangingwall sediments. The morphological indicators are expressed as a particular relief forms situated right above the deposits or nearby and are a consequence of geological relations and exodynamic processes. Ihe numerous geological indicators resulted from complex geological events. The most important are: preore structural relations, the formation of paleorelief, peculiar way of hangingwall rocks sedimentation, lithification processes and the formation of the recent structural pattern. It has been observed that particular indicators should be recognized within a relatively thick succession of the overlying sediments which is of the great importance in the exploration of bauxite deposits.

  14. Governance and Enterprise Restructuring in Southeast Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Apostolov, Mico

    2013-01-01

    Purpose - The research in this paper is to be focused on examining governance and enterprise restructuring in Southeast Europe (Western Balkans) transition economies. International organizations classify the following countries in Southeast Europe (Western Balkans): Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. Design/methodology/approach - The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has governance and enterprise restructuring as basic indicat...

  15. Linking Advertising, Materialism, and Life Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirgy, M. Joseph; Gurel-Atay, Eda; Webb, Dave; Cicic, Muris; Husic, Melika; Ekici, Ahmet; Herrmann, Andreas; Hegazy, Ibrahim; Lee, Dong-Jin; Johar, J. S.

    2012-01-01

    This paper develops theory related to advertising, materialism, and life satisfaction by formally testing explanations related to the antecedents and consequences of materialism. Survey data were collected from seven major cities each in a different country (Australia, Bosnia/Herzegovina, Germany, Egypt, Korea, Turkey, and the USA) using a…

  16. Culture, Ethnic Conflict, and Moral Orientation in Bosnian Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrod, Andrew; Beal, Carole R.; Jaeger, William; Thomas, Joshua; Davis, Jay; Leiser, Nicole; Hodzic, Almin

    2003-01-01

    Investigates the association of political violence and ethnic conflict with children's moral orientation. Evaluates two studies of students in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Uses dilemmas involving animal and human characters. Argues that results reflect an orientation toward care and concern rather than justice and fairness. Notes there were no gender…

  17. ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS INTERDEPENDENCES - EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE

    OpenAIRE

    Nino Serdarević

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents empirical evidence on applied analysis interdependences with created accounting policies and estimates within Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) private commercial entities, in specific, targeting practice oriented relevance of financial indicators, non-financial indicators, enterprise resource planning and management account-ting insight frequencies. Recently, standard setters (International Accounting Standards Board and International Federation of Accountants) have published ...

  18. Religious Orientation, Low Self-Control, and Deviance: Muslims, Catholics, Eastern Orthodox-, and "Bible Belt" Christians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klanjsek, Rudi; Vazsonyi, Alexander T.; Trejos-Castillo, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Using adolescent samples from four cultures, the current study tested whether effects by religiosity on deviance varied by the nature of religiosity (intrinsic versus extrinsic) and by the cultural context (Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia, Slovenia, and the U.S.). Results indicated: a) that not every type of religiosity has a buffering effect on…

  19. Consolidate Data Report for EU Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

    OpenAIRE

    PANEV STRAHIL; BERTOLDI PAOLO

    2013-01-01

    This report consolidates data on residential buildings for the EU Enlargement countries: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Kosovo (under UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99); Montenegro, the Former Republic of Macedonia; Serbia and Turkey as well as for the European Neighbouring Countries: Ukraine and Moldova.

  20. Review of Electricity Supply and Demand in Southeast Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Atur, Varadarajan; Kennedy, David

    2004-01-01

    This paper reviews the power sector demand-supply balance in Southeastern Europe (SEE), covering Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Romania, and Serbia and Montenegro (including Kosovo). The paper first looks at the actual balance over the period 1991-2001. After that, the forecast balance to 2012 is reviewed. The analysis is based on...

  1. Library Standards : why, how and who?

    OpenAIRE

    Filatov, Nataša

    2003-01-01

    Discusses issues in standardization in libraries answering basic set of questions raised in Bosnia & Herzegovina library community such as: Why we need standards?, What kind of standards we want? What have to be included in standards? What are the preconditions for standardization? What types of standards we need? Levels of standards? and Who will define standards?

  2. "It Is Like Putting Fire in the Children's Hands": A Comparative Case Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Knowledge of and Beliefs about Education for Democracy in an Established and Emerging Post-Conflict Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanahan, Brian K.; Phillips, Michele S.

    2014-01-01

    This report documents and compares two cases of pre-service elementary teachers' beliefs about democracy and education for democracy in the USA and Bosnia and Herzegovina along with contextual factors influencing the similarities and differences among these beliefs. Findings suggest that US pre-service elementary teachers have a…

  3. The overview of the status and prospective of internally displaced persons on the territory of the former Yugoslavia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakić Danilo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the overview of the status and the prospective for the future of internally displaced persons in Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Macedonia is done. The Group 484 is an NGO, which have been supporting refugees since 1995 and internally displaced persons from Kosovo since 1999.

  4. Cataract as a leading cause of visual disability and blindness in the region of Eastern Sarajevo and Eastern Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćeklić Lala

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Cataract is the second leading cause of blindness and visual disability in the region of Eastern Herzegovina and Eastern Sarajevo. It is a curable and preventable cause of blindness, because visual function can be surgically recovered. The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of cataract among registered blind population. .Material and methods We used data stored in the Regional Association of Blind Persons from municipalities of Eastern Herzegovina (Trebinje, Kileča, Foča and Eastern Sarajevo. In this population-based study data were analyzed using standard statistical methods. We have investigated sex and age distribution, visual acuity and type of cataract in the registered population. Results Among 298 registered blind persons and persons with visual disability, 17% are persons with cataract Males are more frequent than women. Most people with cataract are older than on and are with age-related cataract. Discussion and conclusion Literature data show that cataract is one of the leading causes of blindness and visual disability in the world. Cataract is the second leading cause of visual disability and blindness in the registered population of Eastern Herzegovina. The total number of people with visual disability caused by cataract would decrease by increasing the number of surgeries, which correlates with improving the quality and training of ophthalmologists.

  5. Monitoring and Evaluation During the Bulldozer Initiative - 50 Investment Climate Reforms in 150 Days

    OpenAIRE

    Herzberg, Benjamin

    2007-01-01

    The bulldozer initiative in Bosnia and Herzegovina is an example of a public-private dialogue that successfully overcame the lack of political will and capacity at the government level through a bottom-up approach. The initiative mobilized the local business community to "bulldoze" business environment barriers by identifying concrete legislative changes and advocating for their implementa...

  6. Value Orientations and Studying in School-Leisure Conflict: A Study with Samples from Five Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofer, Manfred; Schmid, Sebastian; Fries, Stefan; Zivkovic, Ilija; Dietz, Franziska

    2009-01-01

    The relations between students' value orientations and experiences of motivational interference during studying following conflicts between learning and leisure activities were investigated in a self-report study. Overall, 1075 adolescents, mostly from Catholic schools, in Bosnia-Herzegovina (n = 203), India (n = 200), Paraguay (n = 96), Spain (n…

  7. Show me Yours and I'll Show you Mine : Sharing Borrower Information in a Competitive Credit Market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Haas, R.T.A.; Bos, J.; Millone, Matteo

    2015-01-01

    We exploit detailed data on approved and rejected small business loans to assess the impact of the introduction of a credit registry in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Our findings are threefold. First, mandatory information sharing tightens lending at the extensive margin as more applications are rejected,

  8. Hodgkin's lymphomas in italian soldiers deployed in Bosnia and Kosovo: could DU be a possible cause?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After cases of cancer were reported among Italian troops involved in the peacekeeping mission in Bosnia and Kosovo, a Commission was set up to investigate on a possible etiological role of potential exposures to depleted uranium (DU). A statistically significant excess of Hodgkin's lymphomas has been found, but from the information available to date there is no data that confirms significant exposure to uranium compounds. Till now, several problems have prevented the scientific community from ascertaining whether lymphatic cancers are correlated or not with DU exposure. In this paper, starting from the Italian troop epidemiological findings, a critical review of present knowledge and postulates about uranium exposure and possible health effects are presented. (author)

  9. 31 CFR 585.218 - Trade in United Nations Protected Areas of Croatia and those areas of the Republic of Bosnia and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trade in United Nations Protected... HERZEGOVINA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 585.218 Trade in United Nations Protected Areas of Croatia... importation from, exportation to, or transshipment of goods through the United Nations Protected Areas in...

  10. 5th Regional Study on Cadastre and Spatial Data Infrastructure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivica Skender

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the aftermath of the 5th Regional Conference on Cadastre and Spatial Data Infrastructure (Banja Luka and Laktaši, Bosnia and Herzegovina, June 6–8, 2012, the Republic Authority for Geodetic and Property Affairs of the Republic of Srpska and the Federal Administration for Geodetic and Real Property Affairs published the 5th Regional Study on Cadastre and Spatial Data Infrastructure. The study was produced in the frame of the Project INSPIRATION – Spatial Data Infrastructure in the Western Balkans, which is being realized for the benefit and with cooperation of representatives of eight geodetic administrations in the region (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Serbia by consortium led by German company GFA of Hamburg, in cooperation with GDi GISDATA of Zagreb, experts from the Austrian Environmental Agency and German company con terra GmbH and financed from the European Union IPA funding programme for 2010.

  11. Solidarity and Community Spirit during Evil Times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SIMONA-GRAZIA DIMA,

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The article aims both at identifying the various facets under which human solidarity manifested itself during the War of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1992-1995 and at highlighting the growing awareness of the community spirit in the same period of time, resulting in a part of the population being saved and in many spiritual and material values being preserved. The analysis is based on genuine interviews given by subjects involved in the events, all of which being collected in the volume Good People in an Evil Time by Dr. Svetlana Broz, a journalist, social activist and cardiologist (now president of the Bosnia-Herzegovina branch of GARIWO International. This book has been a best seller, and has been translated in many languages and presented over many tours in about 50 universities in the USA.

  12. Nurses and burnout syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Zarema Obradović; Amina Obradović; Ifeta Ćesir Škoro

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The work of nurses is human. They help people in protection against diseases. Nurses are the largest group of health workers and all problems that appear in the health system are first recognized among them. Burnout syndrome appears among nurses very frequently. We present the leading factors for burnout among nurses in RMC „Dr Safet Mujic“ in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: It is a cross sectional descriptive study. We used an anonymous questionnaire with 20 questions. ...

  13. EXCISE TAX AS EXTERNAL VARIABLE (ON TABACCO PRODUCTS AT STATE AND LOCAL COMMUNITIES IN BIH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinko Primorac

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this paper is themovement and accounting for excise tax as aseparate subsystem of sales tax, with an emphasison tobacco products. Since the excise tax ontobacco products is a specific category of excisableproducts, it is possible to fully distance it fromother products. Unlike other excise goods, excisetaxes on tobacco products can not be distinguishedby the criterion of luxury and by the criterion ofharm to health. This paper explains the reasons,effects and the basic characteristics of excise taxes,and full adjustment of the special tax. The aim ofthe research paper is to present and analyze thesystem of excise tax revenue in Bosnia andHerzegovina, with special reference to the excisetax on tobacco products. Furthermore the aim is toexplore how the excise tax system in Bosnia andHerzegovina functions and how the funds fromexcise taxes are collected, and where exactly theyare expended.

  14. Navigating Rules and Wills: Healthcare and Social Protection in a Bosnian Border Town

    OpenAIRE

    Brkovic, Carna

    2012-01-01

    This thesis follows a variety of practices in the field of social and health protection in Bijeljina, a border town in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where I completed a year of fieldwork during 2009 and 2010. I explored how people gained access to public services and provisions, and also considered how they pursued social and healthcare protection beyond state-funded institutions. Throughout the thesis, I treat these practices as a form of navigation through what I refer to as social and political ...

  15. Knowledge of food quality and additives and its impact on food preference

    OpenAIRE

    Slavica Grujić; Radoslav Grujić; Đorđe Petrović; Jelena Gajić

    2013-01-01

    Background.There are not enough published investigations concerning knowledge on food quality and pref- erence of highly educated young consumers from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The present research was aimed at survey of young consumers’ knowledge on food quality and food additives and its impact on food preference. Material and methods. Respondents’answers were analysed grouped regarding: (1) education, on subjects with knowledge on food quality and additives (A-group) and average ...

  16. The economic crisis and the insurance industry: The evidence from the ex-Yugoslavia region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Njegomir Vladimir

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the impact of the economic crisis on the insurance industries of the ex-Yugoslavia region. The analysis encompasses five countries: Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and FYR Macedonia. We examine insurance industry specifics separately for each country for the period 2004-2008 and for the first six months of 2009. While the impact of the crisis varies between countries, the research results indicate that the global financial crisis has had limited overall impact on the regional insurance industry. However the current recession resulted in negative premium growth in Serbia, Croatia and FYR Macedonia while the growth in Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina declined. At the same time investment returns have declined and claims have risen in all countries. The crisis had more pronounced impact on non-life insurance premium growth in less developed insurance markets. In developed markets, namely Slovenia and Croatia, the crisis had greater impact on life insurance premium growth.

  17. Survey of Attitudes towards Curriculum Reforms among Medical Teachersin Different Socio-economic and Cultural Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Mads Ronald

    2007-01-01

    schools in 3 countries in post-communist transition (Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina). The survey included a 5-point Likert-type scale on attitudes towards reforms in general and towards reforms of medical curriculum (10 items each). Teaching staff from medical schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina......Curriculum reforms in medical schools require cultural and conceptual changes from the faculty. We assessed attitudes towards curriculum reforms in different academic, economic, and social environments among 776 teachers from 2 Western European medical schools (Belgium and Denmark) and 7 medical...... had more positive attitude towards reforms of medical curriculum (mean score 36.8 out of maximum 50 [95% CI 36.1 to 37.3]) than those from medical schools in Croatia or Slovenia (30.7 [29.8 to 31.6]) or Western Europe (27.7 [27.1 to 28.3]) (P<0.001, ANOVA). Significant predictors of positive attitudes...

  18. Effects of different production systems on carcass and meat quality of sheep and lamb from Western Balkan and Norway

    OpenAIRE

    Bjelanović M.; Grabež V.; Vučić G.; Martinović A.; Lima L.R.; Marković B.; Egelandsdal B.

    2015-01-01

    The identification of meat quality characteristics from selected breeds grazing in specific regions is particularly relevant to achieve a marketing advantage. Longisimus thoracis at lumborum (LTL) from the indigenous Western Balkan (WB) sheep - VlašićkaPramenka (VP) sheep and lambs, and Pivska Pramenka (PP) sheep grazing in Bosnia & Herzegovina (B&H) and Montenegro (MN), respectively, was compared regarding carcass and meat qualities to the crossbred Norweg...

  19. Governance and Enterprise Restructuring in Southeast Europe – gross domestic product and foreign direct investments

    OpenAIRE

    Apostolov, Mico

    2013-01-01

    Purpose - This paper is to be concerned with the corporate governance mechanisms’ influence on governance and enterprise restructuring in Southeast Europe (Western Balkans) transition economies: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. Hence, the basic hypothesis to test governance and enterprise restructuring is that it is influenced by gross domestic product and foreign direct investments dynamics. Design/methodology/approach - The econometric model th...

  20. ORGANIC MICROPOLLUTANTS IN THE SAVA AND BOSNA RIVER OVERBANK AND FLOODPLAIN SEDIMENTS DURING THE MAY THROUGH JUNE 2014 CATASTROPHIC FLOOD

    OpenAIRE

    Gordana Medunić; Zdenko Šmit

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the presence and nature of organic micropollutants in river overbank and floodplain sediments from the border between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina following the catastrophic 2014 flood. The study involved ten sediment samples from the Sava and Bosna river floodplain. The volatile aromatic compounds, i.e. benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX), together with alkanes (the linear straight-chain alkanes and the branched alkanes, C10-C28) wer...

  1. Transformational leadership and employee satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    Mujkić, Alisa; Šehić, Dževad; Rahimić, Zijada; Jusić, Jasmin

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper was to carry out an empirical research on whether transformational leadership, in comparison to other contemporary leadership styles, contributes to higher employee satisfaction levels. In total, 399 respondents took part in this research, which was conducted in companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Germany. This was the starting point to identify the dominant leadership style in each of the two countries. Using a nonparametric Mann-Whitney test, i...

  2. Value added tax-theoretical and practical aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Raičević Božidar B.

    2004-01-01

    Value added tax has been applied for four decades now and as a novelty it has already worn off both in theory and practice. It has indisputable advantages and relatively minor shortcomings compared to other forms of consumption taxation. Today it is one of the most widely used form of consumption tax in the world, being levied in about 120 countries accounting for around 70 per cent of the world population, including all European countries except Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina (the Federat...

  3. Gender-Specific Analyses of the Prevalence and Factors Associated with Substance Use and Misuse among Bosniak Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Natasa Zenic; Admir Terzic; Jelena Rodek; Miodrag Spasic; Damir Sekulic

    2015-01-01

    Ethnicity and religion are known to be important factors associated with substance use and misuse (SUM). Ethnic Bosniaks, Muslims by religion, are the third largest ethnic group in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, but no study has examined SUM patterns among them. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of SUM and to examine scholastic-, familial- and sport-factors associated with SUM in adolescent Bosniaks from Bosnia-and-Herzegovina. The sample comprised 970 17-to-18-year...

  4. Parental health and child schooling

    OpenAIRE

    Bratti, Massimiliano; Mendola, Mariapia

    2011-01-01

    Evidence on the role of parental health on child schooling is surprisingly thin. We explore this issue by estimating the short-run effects of parents\\' illness on child school enrollment. Our analysis is based on household panel data from Bosnia-Herzegovina, a country whose health and educational systems underwent extensive destruction during the 1992-1995 war. Using child fixed effects to correct for potential endogeneity bias, we find that — contrary to the common wisdom that shocks to the ...

  5. PEP International. An Empirical Study of the PERA Project and Environmental Awareness and Action

    OpenAIRE

    Harpa Auðunsdóttir 1980

    2012-01-01

    Enhancing environmental awareness and enabling environmental action are two vital components of the journey towards a sustainable future. Environmental awareness, to be aware of the pollution problems in our local environment is a prerequisite to action. Both environmental awareness and action are components needed for change to occur. However capacity to act is frequently missing. PEP (Peoples’ Empowerment Program) International focuses on capacity building in Bosnia and Herzegovina by st...

  6. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), extended-spectrum (ESBL)- and plasmid-mediated AmpC ß-lactamase -producing Gram-negative bacteria associated with skin and soft tissue infections in hospital and community settings

    OpenAIRE

    Selma Uzunović; Branka Bedenić; Ana Budimir; Amir Ibrahimagić; Farah Kamberović; Zlatko Fiolić; Michelle I. A. Rijnders; Stobberingh, Ellen E

    2015-01-01

    Aim To investigate the characteristics of meticillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), extended-spectrum (ESBL), and plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamase producing Gram-negative bacteria causing skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in hospital and outpatient settings of Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Methods Antibiotic susceptibility was determined by disc-diffusion and broth microdillution methods according to CLSI guidelines. MecA gene was detected by PCR, and genetic charact...

  7. Thelazia callipaeda in wild carnivores from Romania: new host and geographical records

    OpenAIRE

    Mihalca, Andrei Daniel; Ionică, Angela Monica; D’Amico, Gianluca; Daskalaki, Aikaterini Alexandra; Deak, Georgiana; Matei, Ioana Adriana; Șimonca, Vasile; Iordache, Daniel; Modrý, David; Gherman, Călin Mircea

    2016-01-01

    Background Thelazia callipaeda is a vector-borne zoonotic nematode parasitizing the conjunctival sac of domestic and wild carnivores, rabbits and humans, with a vast distribution in Asia and the former Soviet Union. In Europe, the nematode has an emerging trend, being reported in Italy, France, Switzerland, Germany, Spain, Portugal, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Romania, Greece and Serbia, with human cases known in Italy, France, Spain, Serbia and Croatia. In Romania, the infection was so ...

  8. #The #role of culture in the relationship between religiosity and psychological well-being

    OpenAIRE

    Lavrič, Miran; Flere, Sergej

    2012-01-01

    Several measures of religious practice and religious orientation (intrinsic/extrinsic/quest) and two measures of psychological well-being (positive affect and negative affect) have been employed in a cross-cultural survey of undergraduate university students from five different cultural/religious environments: Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, the United States of America, and Japan. Results suggest that measures of exstrinsic, intrinsic, and quest religiosity are not entirely applica...

  9. Lab-scale investigation of Middle-Bosnia coals to achieve high-efficient and clean combustion technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smajevic Izet

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes full lab-scale investigation of Middle-Bosnia coals launched to support selection an appropriate combustion technology and to support optimization of the boiler design. Tested mix of Middle-Bosnia brown coals is projected coal for new co-generation power plant Kakanj Unit 8 (300-450 MWe, EP B&H electricity utility. The basic coal blend consisting of the coals Kakanj: Breza: Zenica at approximate mass ratio of 70:20:10 is low grade brown coal with very high percentage of ash - over 40%. Testing that coal in circulated fluidized bed combustion technique, performed at Ruhr-University Bohum and Doosan Lentjes GmbH, has shown its inconveniency for fluidized bed combustion technology, primarily due to the agglomeration problems. Tests of these coals in PFC (pulverized fuel combustion technology have been performed in referent laboratory at Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of Sarajevo University, on a lab-scale PFC furnace, to provide reliable data for further analysis. The PFC tests results are fitted well with previously obtained results of the burning similar Bosnian coal blends in the PFC dry bottom furnace technique. Combination of the coals shares, the process temperature and the air combustion distribution for the lowest NOx and SO2 emissions was found in this work, provided that combustion efficiency and CO emissions are within very strict criteria, considering specific settlement of lab-scale furnace. Sustainability assessment based on calculation economic and environmental indicators, in combination with Low Cost Planning method, is used for optimization the power plant design. The results of the full lab-scale investigation will help in selection optimal Boiler design, to achieve sustainable energy system with high-efficient and clean combustion technology applied for given coals.

  10. AGRARIAN RELATIONS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA DURING THE TURKISH AND AUSTRO - HUNGARIAN OCCUPATION, AND THEIR REMOVAL WITH AGRARIAN REFORM FROM 1919 TO 1931

    OpenAIRE

    Joko Sparavalo

    2011-01-01

    At the start we give a brief surveyof the relations of production in the currentdevelopment of human society. This is done fromthe standpoint of Marx's notion of productiverelations. Then we discuss about relations ofproduction in agriculture, addressed as agrarianrelations. They are very different from the relationsof production in other areas of the economy. Thisresults from the specificity of agriculture. Infeudalism, they are the essence of social relations.With the economic development t...

  11. The comparison of phenotypic characteristics of current varieties and wild species of Fragaria

    OpenAIRE

    Skender Azra; Ajdinović Tea; Bećirspahić Dinko

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the major pomological and antioxidant properties of fruits which are comparatively studied in wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.), taken from natural habitats and commercially important varieties that are grown in the Una - Sana Canton (Bosnia and Herzegovina): Marmolada, Clery, Maya, Arosa and Elsanta. The aim was also to point out the potential superiority of the wild forms, how rich they are in vitamin C, phenol and a...

  12. Forensic DNA databases in Western Balkan region: retrospectives, perspectives, and initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Marjanović, Damir; Konjhodžić, Rijad; Butorac, Sara Sanela; Drobnič, Katja; Merkaš, Siniša; Lauc, Gordan; Primorac, Damir; Anđelinović, Šimun; Milosavljević, Mladen; Karan, Željko; Vidović, Stojko; Stojković, Oliver; Panić, Bojana; Vučetić Dragović, Anđelka; Kovačević, Sandra

    2011-01-01

    The European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) recommended the establishment of forensic DNA databases and specific implementation and management legislations for all EU/ENFSI members. Therefore, forensic institutions from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia launched a wide set of activities to support these recommendations. To assess the current state, a regional expert team completed detailed screening and investigation of the existing forensic DNA data re...

  13. Forensic DNA databasesin Western Balkan region:retrospectives, perspectives, and initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Marjanović, Damir; Konjhodžić, Rijad; Butorac, Sara Sanela; Drobnič, Katja; Merkaš, Siniša; Lauc, Gordan; Primorac, Damir; Anđelinović, Šimun; Milosavljević, Mladen; Karan, Željko; Vidović, Stojko; Stojković, Oliver; Panić, Bojana; Vučetić Dragović, Anđelka; Kovačević, Sandra

    2011-01-01

    The European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) recommended the establishment of forensic DNA databases and specific implementation and management legislations for all EU/ENFSI members. Therefore, forensic institutions from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia launched a wide set of activities to support these recommendations. To assess the current state, a regional expert team completed detailed screening and investigation of the exist...

  14. Dialogue helps you understand others and yourself : An ethnographic study on the significance of dialogue

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    I have conducted seven months of fieldwork among participants and employees at Nansen Center for Peace and Dialogue, in Lillehammer, Norway, and have taken part in seminars where dialogue is significant as concept and practice. The interlocutors in this study have background from Afghanistan, Iraqi Kurdistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Croatia, Macedonia, Kosovo, United States, some living in these respective countries and some in Norway. Most of the interlocutors have experiences with confl...

  15. Depression, Anxiety and Somatization in Women with War Missing Family Members

    OpenAIRE

    Baraković, Devla; Avdibegović, Esmina; Sinanović, Osman

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: During the war circumstances, women and children are exposed to multiple traumatic experiences, one of which is an violent disappearance of a family member. Goal: The aim of this research was to establish the presence of symptoms of depression, anxiety and somatization in women in Bosnia and Herzegovina who have sought their war missing family members for 15 to 18 years. Subjects and Methods: The research was based on a sample of 120 women with war missing family member and 40 w...

  16. Rural Tourism in the Republika Srpska: Political Framework and Institutional Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Sinisa BERJAN; Bilali, Hamid El; RADOVIC, Gordana; SORAJIC, Borko; DRIOUECH, Noureddin; RADOSAVAC, Adriana

    2014-01-01

    The entity of the Republika Srpska (RS) in Bosnia and Herzegovina has great natural, cultural, gastronomic, religious and historic potential for rural tourism development. Rural tourism encompasses a range of activities, services and amenities provided by farmers and rural people to tourists. It includes agro-tourism, farm tourism, nature tourism, ecotourism, wine tourism, etc. The paper aims at analyzing the political, legal and regulatory frameworks as well as the governance of rural touris...

  17. Strokes in young adults: epidemiology and prevention

    OpenAIRE

    Smajlović D

    2015-01-01

    Dževdet Smajlović Department of Neurology, University Clinical Centre Tuzla, School of Medicine, University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina Abstract: Strokes in young adults are reported as being uncommon, comprising 10%–15% of all stroke patients. However, compared with stroke in older adults, stroke in the young has a disproportionately large economic impact by leaving victims disabled before their most productive years. Recent publications report an increased incidence of str...

  18. DEVELOPMENT OF FINE MOTOR COORDINATION AND VISUAL-MOTOR INTEGRATION IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

    OpenAIRE

    MEMISEVIC Haris; HADZIC Selmir

    2015-01-01

    Fine motor skills are prerequisite for many everyday activities and they are a good predictor of a child's later academic outcome. The goal of the present study was to assess the effects of age on the development of fine motor coordination and visual-motor integration in preschool children. The sample for this study consisted of 276 preschool children from Canton Sara­jevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. We assessed children's motor skills with Beery Visual Motor Integration Test and Lafayette Pegbo...

  19. Big Five Personality Traits and Social Support as Predictors of Postpartum Depression

    OpenAIRE

    Saudina Udovičić

    2014-01-01

    Postpartum depression is one of the biggest problems that mothers face after birth. The aim of this study was to determine the contribution of personality traits and social support in explaining the variance in postpartum depressive symptoms. We predicted unemployment and neuroticism would be positively associated with postpartum depression while extraversion and social support would be negatively associated. The study was conducted on a sample of 50 new mothers in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Cor...

  20. 8TH INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE “SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION TODAY”

    OpenAIRE

    Filipovska, Maja

    2015-01-01

    Traditionally, this year as well, during the period from 7th to 9th November 2014, the 8-th International scientific conference “Special education and rehabilitation today” was held at the Faculty of Special Education and Rehabilitation in Belgrade, Republic of Serbia,. During the three conference days, many papers were presented by reputable researchers and practitioners form Republic of Serbia, but also form the abroad countries Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Macedon...

  1. Capacity building and public awareness raising on Nitrates Directive in the countries aspiring to EU accession

    OpenAIRE

    Znaor, Darko; Karyotis, Theodore

    2011-01-01

    The governments of the EU Member States have agreed to potentially enlarge the Union with seven South East European countries (Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo under UN Security Council Resolution 1244) and Turkey. However, these countries will be granted full member status only when all political, legislative and administrative requirements for membership are fulfilled. Transposition, implementation and enforcemen...

  2. Development and Evaluation of a Computer-Based Program for Assessing Quality of Family Medicine Teams Based on Accreditation Standards

    OpenAIRE

    Valjevac, Salih; Ridjanovic, Zoran; Masic, Izet

    2009-01-01

    CONFLICT OF INTEREST: NONE DECLARED SUMMARY Introduction Agency for healthcare quality and accreditation in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AKAZ) is authorized body in the field of healthcare quality and safety improvement and accreditation of healthcare institutions. Beside accreditation standards for hospitals and primary health care centers, AKAZ has also developed accreditation standards for family medicine teams. Methods Software development was primarily based on Accreditation Sta...

  3. Contribution to the understanding of typology and importance of forest-related conflicts in South East Europe region

    OpenAIRE

    VULETIĆ, DIJANA; Avdibegović, Mersudin; Stojanovska, Makedonka; Nevenić, Radovan; HASKA, HAJRI; Posavec, Stjepan; Silvija KRAJTER; PERI, LEONIDA; MARIĆ, BRUNO

    2013-01-01

    Background and Purpose: The forest related conflicts has not been often a research topic in SEE. The first regional survey was conducted in five countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia and Serbia, under the scope of the FOPER project. The aim of the study was to identify the most frequent forest related conflicts in terms of types, conflicts attributes, actors, their attitudes and power relations, as well as to investigate more in-depth nature of conflicts and theway ho...

  4. Schooling the Bosnian way : the maintenance of social and cultural belonging through the field of Bosnian education system

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    This thesis is grounded in a five and a half month anthropological fieldwork conducted in two secondary educational schools in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Through material gathered through participant observation, numerous conversations, semi-structural interviews and written and audio sources accessible in the public sphere, the purpose of this thesis is to explore the research question of how does education contribute to the maintenance of social and cultural belong...

  5. RISK FACTORS OF VIOLENT BEHAVIOR AMONG ELEMENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    KOVAČEVIĆ Ranko; MUFTIĆ Edin; Bijedić, Meliha; ŠARIĆ Hariz

    2012-01-01

    The primary goal of this research was to ascertain which risk factors could serve as the most precise predictors of violent behaviour among elementary and high-school students. The research was conducted on a sample of 1209 students, between thirteen and seventeen years old, in five cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The risk factors assessment was done by means of SAVRY (Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth), a tool used for gauging the levels of risk factors. Wi...

  6. SEE IT, LIKE IT, BUY IT! HEDONIC SHOPPING MOTIVATIONS AND IMPULSE BUYING

    OpenAIRE

    Kasim Tatić; Srđan Petrić; Merima Činjarević

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of six broad categories of hedonic shopping motivations(adventure,gratification,role, value, social, and idea shopping) and fashion consciousness on consumers’ impulse buying behavior. The online questionnaire wascreated using LimeSurvey, a web based questionnaire generator tool. An online questionnaire was directed to a sample of 500 individuals in Bosnia and Herzegovina, using nonprobability convenience sampling method. A total of 224 pa...

  7. The Impact of the Agricultural Trade Liberalization on the Elements of the Marketing Mix of Fruit and Vegetables in BIH

    OpenAIRE

    Dončić, Dalibor; Nastić, Rade

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we analyzed in detail elements of the marketing mix of fruit and vegetables, therefore this product, price, distribution, promotion and people in Bosnia and Herzegovina, after seven years of liberal market within CEFTA. Each element of the marketing mix is analyzed for the most important vegetable species (cabbage, onions, peppers, tomatoes) and fruit species (apple, pear, plum). The analyzed elements of the marketing mix are compared with the characteristics of the elements of...

  8. Risk Factors for Men’s Lifetime Perpetration of Physical Violence against Intimate Partners: Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) in Eight Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Fleming, Paul J.; McCleary-Sills, Jennifer; Morton, Matthew; Levtov, Ruti; Heilman, Brian; Barker, Gary

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines men’s lifetime physical intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration across eight low- and middle-income countries to better understand key risk factors that interventions can target in order to promote gender equality and reduce IPV. We use data from men (n = 7806) that were collected as part of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, Croatia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), India, Mexico, and Rwanda. Results...

  9. Comparison of the Quality Assessment of the Medical Education by students of Bologna and the Old System of Studying

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet; Hodzic, Ajla; Karcic, Emina; Mulic, Smaila

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The quality of teaching at the universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as abroad depends on many factors, among which are: adequate space for teaching, teaching staff, equipment and technical aids to assist the teaching process, which are in accordance with existing standards and norms. Opinion of students plays an important role in measuring the quality of education. The goal: was to compare the quality of the teaching process students which study according to the Bologn...

  10. Phenylketonuria screening and management in southeastern Europe – survey results from 11 countries

    OpenAIRE

    Zerjav Tansek, Mojca; Groselj, Urh; Angelkova, Natalija; Anton, Dana; Baric, Ivo; Djordjevic, Maja; Grimci, Lindita; Ivanova, Maria; Kadam, Adil; Kotori, Vjosa; Maksic, Hajrija; Marginean, Oana; Margineanu, Otilia; Miljanovic, Olivera; Moldovanu, Florentina

    2015-01-01

    Background We aimed to assess the current state of PKU screening and management in the region of southeastern Europe. Methods A survey was performed involving all identified professionals responsible for the PKU management in the 11 countries from South-Eastern region of Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia). The questionnaire was designed to assess the characteristics regarding PKU management in three ma...

  11. ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN FACTORS – THE IMPACT OF HUMAN CAPITAL ON REALIZED AND EXPECTED LEVEL OF GDP PER CAPITA OF THE EU COUNTRIES

    OpenAIRE

    Požega, Željko

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to demonstrate and analyze the evelopmental stage of human capital in all of the European Union countries, as well as the differences in prosperity of each European Union country. It will especially focus on Bosnia and Herzegovina and its parameters, since it is the only state outside of the European Union, and will analyze the stage of its inhabitants, as well as its general social development as opposed to the European Union countries. Furthermore, it wi...

  12. The Triangle of Ethnic Grievances, Regime Type and Secession : A fs/QCA analysis of conditions leading to the Yugoslavian Cicil War

    OpenAIRE

    Naper, Ådne

    2011-01-01

    This thesis is an attempt to capture ethnic grievances in relations with regime type and secession. The unit of analysis is Yugoslavia on a regional level; Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia and Vojvodina. Conditions within these units are traced by applying thorough case-studies and fs/QCA. The truth table solution provided by the fuzzy-sets analysis support that ethnic grievances can determine civil war when appearing together with anocracy as a reg...

  13. Is There a Specific Ambivalence of the Sacred? Illustrations from the Apparition of Medjugorie and the Movement of Sant’Egidio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Franco, Chiara; Barbato, Mariano; LeNormand, Brigitte

    2012-01-01

    In the debate about the return of religion in politics, religious actors and discourses are viewed with a certain concern. Whereas some defend the peaceful effects of religion, most contributions understand religious truth claims as a challenge to democratic pluralism that presents a tendency tow...... make strong religious truth claims contributing to peace-building and reconciliation during conflicts where religion was an important dimension: the apparitions of Medjugorje in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the movement of Sant'Egidio in Algeria....

  14. Frequency of Main Western-Euroasian mtDNA Haplogroups and Paleolithic and Neolithic Lineages in the Genetic Structure of Population of Northeastern Bosnia

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmić, Adisa; Silajdžić, Elma; Lasić, Lejla; Kalamujić, Belma; Hadžiavdić, Vesna; Kapur Pojskić, Lejla; Bajrović, Kasim; Hadžiselimovic, Rifat; Pojskić, Naris

    2014-01-01

    Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variations were analyzed in a sample of 245 individuals of Bosnian-Herzegovinian population from the area of ​​ Northeastern Bosnia (also known as Tuzla region). Haplogroup affiliation was determined using RFLP method (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) analyzing haplogroup-specific markers of mtDNA coding region, characteristic for the main Western-Eurasian haplogroups. Additional analyses of two sequenced hypervariable segments (HVSI and HVSII) of mtDNA cont...

  15. Late Pleistocene leopards across Europe - northernmost European German population, highest elevated records in the Swiss Alps, complete skeletons in the Bosnia Herzegowina Dinarids and comparison to the Ice Age cave art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diedrich, Cajus G.

    2013-09-01

    European leopard sites in Europe demonstrate Early/Middle Pleistocene out of Africa lowland, and Late Pleistocene Asian alpine migrations being driven by climatic changes. Four different European Pleistocene subspecies are known. The final European Late Pleistocene “Ice Age leopard” Panthera pardus spelaea (Bächler, 1936) is validated taxonomically. The skull shows heavy signs of sexual dimorphism with closest cranial characters to the Caucasian Panthera pardus ciscaucasica (Persian leopard). Late Pleistocene leopards were distributed northernmost, up to S-England with the youngest stratigraphic records by skeletons and cave art in the MIS 2/3 (about 32,000-26,000 BP). The oldest leopard painting left by Late Palaeolithics (Aurignacians/Gravettians) in the Chauvet Cave (S-France) allows the reconstruction of the Ice Age leopard fur spot pattern being close to the snow or Caucasian leopards. The last Ice Age glacial leopard habitat was the mountain/alpine boreal forest (not mammoth steppe lowland), where those hunted even larger prey such as alpine game (Ibex, Chamois). Into some lairs, those imported their prey by short-term cave dwelling (e.g. Baumann's Cave, Harz Mountains, Germany). Only Eurasian Ice Age leopards specialized, similar as other Late Pleistocene large felids (steppe lions), on cave bear predation/scavenging partly very deep in caves. In Vjetrenica Cave (Dinarid Mountains, Bosnia Herzegovina), four adult leopards (two males/two females) of the MIS 3 were found about two km deep from the entrance in a cave bear den, near to one cave bear skeleton, that remained articulated in its nest. Leopards died there, partly being trapped by raising water levels of an active ponor stream, but seem to have been killed possibly either, similar as for lions known, in battles with cave bears in several cave bear den sites of Europe (e.g. Baumann's Cave, Wildkirchli Cave, Vjetrenica Cave). At other large cave sites, with overlap of hyena, wolf and dhole dens at

  16. When Corruption Gets in the Way: Befriending Diaspora and EU-nionizing Bosnia's Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabic-El-Rayess, Amra

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the encounter of EU-unionization with a domesticated practice of corruption in Bosnian higher education. Relying on primary data collected in Bosnia's public higher education system, the study finds that the country's corrupt higher education is in conflict with the Bologna-themed reforms that would arguably…

  17. SHORT STORIES IN THE BALKANS AND CONTEMPORARYSHORT STORIES IN THE WORLD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa Softic - Gasal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A comparative analysis of selected short stories in the Balkan countries, as well as contemporary short stories of the world, will show us that the key themes of those stories are very similar to the short stories written during the period of transition in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995-2010. For example, the story of the Soul Operation by an Iranian writer Mohsen Mahmalbafa, The Falcons by a Dutch writer Kader Abdolaha and On the Kitchen Stairs by a Polish writer Witold Gombrowic zinter connect with short stories by authors from Bosnia and Herzegovina, such as The Secret of Raspberry jam by Karim Zaimović or The Devilish work of Zoran Riđanović. A common thread manifests itself in the aforementioned stories, more specifically, a common theme which focuses on the need for eradication of the seeds of submission and compliance with the political system. Most authors focus on their domestic political systems; however, some portray and analyze systems in other countries as they see it, such as a Dutch narrator who focuses on a potential threat of infringement of human freedom. Moreover, Bellow Hubei by an Argentinian writer Anhelika Gorodis her underlines the importance of humanization within a political order. Faruk Šehić examines the political system in Bosnia and Herzegovina from a slightly different perspective. His collection of stories Under Pressure emphases the issue of pressure in the above war model of short stories in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These stories are the product of pressure and anxiety, with intent to latently promote new ways of spiritual survival, directly relating to the concept and the theme of the story The Past Age Man by Christian Karlson Stead. Further analysis of the alienation theme singled out short stories in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Plants are Something Else by Alma Lazarevska and Dialogues by Lamija Begagić, and pointed out their connection with some recent international short stories such as The Last Defence by

  18. GEOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF THE MINERALIZATION FROM THE GORNJI VAKUF AREA, BOSNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Jurović

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Gornji Vakuf area, which is built up of Palaeozoic sediments and metarhyolites, the authors investigated 47 ore occurrences by geological and different geochemical methods. They distinguish; (a alluvial, diluvial and fluvio-glacial placers; (b epigenetic hydrothermal barite-sideritc-tetrahedrite veins located in the Silurian-Devonian schist complex and Upper Permian, and almost monomineralic barite (± tetrahedri-te veins, breccias and bodies in the Middle Devonian carbonate complex; (c post-kinematic monomineralic metamorpho-genic quartz deposits interlaying the schists. The hydrothermal deposits have common characteristics as follows: location exclusively in Palaeozoic strata, epigenetic character; simple, monotonous paragencsis (barite ± siderite as main nonmetallic minerals and Hg-tetrahedrite as preponderant ore mineral; siderite characterized by high CaO, MgO and low MnO content; all tetrahedrites are Hg, Ag, Au, Hi-bearing; barite with average content of 2.9 wt% of SrS04. The stable isotope study revealed:  34S= + 15.0‰ in barites, -10.1‰ in tetrahedrites,  18O = -9.6‰ and  l3C = -3.7‰ in siderites. The microthermometric measurements gave: Th=+200 ºC. in barites. The very close similarity of all above mentioned results with those found in the minerals of the Kreševo area deposits, urged the authors to assign also the Gornji Vakuf area deposits to the post-Variscan tectonic event.

  19. Job Performance, Job Satisfaction and Human Capital in the Labour Market in Bosnia

    OpenAIRE

    Erkan Ilgün; Alexi Danchev

    2013-01-01

    The paper analyses the effect of job performance, job satisfaction and human capital. It shows that together with monetary factors, such factors as the perception of the social importance of the job, the ability to meet good friends in the team, and the atmosphere within which the respondents work, may also have a high level of impact on labour supply through human capital. The paper demonstrates the power of non-monetary factors in achieving improvements in the context of the ‘job performanc...

  20. The Impact of Business and Financial Literacy Training for Young Entrepreneurs in Bosnia-Herzogovina

    OpenAIRE

    Bruhn, Miriam; Zia, Bilal

    2011-01-01

    Firms in developing countries are widely known to face many constraints, from lack of access to finance and physical capital to poor infrastructure. The course seems to have been particularly effective at promoting business growth for those entrepreneurs who exhibited higher levels of financial literacy at the baseline. Policymakers might therefore consider targeting business training reso...

  1. Health Effects of Sexual Violence against Woman as a War Weapon: Case of Bosnia War

    OpenAIRE

    Sibel Gogen;

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women, a public health and human rights problem, evaluated by the case of Bosnia War. METHODS: Bosnia War, United Nations resolutions, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) cases, activities of NGOs, approaches of WHO, Dayton Peace Agreement, current health programs were evaluated with the health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women. RESULTS: Sexual viol...

  2. Nuclear legislation in Central and Eastern Europe and the NIS

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This publication examines the legislation and regulations governing the peaceful uses of nuclear energy in eastern European countries. It covers 11 countries from Central and Eastern Europe and 11 countries from the New Independent States. The chapters follow a systematic format making it easier for the reader to carry out research and compare information. This study will be updated regularly. Albania Kazakhstan Armenia Latvia Belarus Lithuania Bosnia and Herzegovina Poland Bulgaria Republic of Moldova Croatia Romania Czech Republic Russian Federation Estonia Slovak Republic Former Yugoslav Re

  3. Destructiveness of the perpetrators who have committed crimes and misdemeanors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novaković Milan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Destructiveness in aggressive behavior is interpreted as having many causes, the psychiatric ones being of biological, social and psychopathological nature. This study was aimed at examining the differences among the perpetrators who have committed crimes and misdemeanors in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period from January 1st, 2003 to December 31st, 2012. Material and Methods. This prospective, multicentric study used the following measuring instruments: list of general data, Hamilton Rating Scale, the Emotional Profile Index with descriptive and multivariate statistical analysis. Results. Multivariate regression analysis showed that the following variables were significantly associated with violence P=0.001: long treatments OR= 810 (95, CI 0.770 -1.110], migrations [OR=0.830 (95%, CI = 0.825 -1.125,], depression [OR=1.150 (95%; CI=0.790- 0.990] and the destructiveness revealed by the Emotional Profile Index test. Misdemeanors were significantly related with the following variables: P =0.001: father’s education [OR=0.910 (95%, CI=0.620-1.100]; living in a suburb [OR=0.850 (95%, CI = 0.930 -1.25, P<0.001], destructiveness [OR= 0.670 (95%, CI= 990- 1.210, P<0.001]; incorporation and bias on Emotional Profile Index test. Conclusion. This study has confirmed the increase of destructiveness in aggressive behavior in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is of great medical and legal significance. The study points to the social and psychopathological characteristics of aggression in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  4. Medicine, Media Communication and Ethical Aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet

    2010-01-01

    Summary On World Press Freedom Day (3rd of May 2009) details of the Frida Haus ranking list of press freedom in countries around the world were officially disclosed. Bosnia and Herzegovina is ranked at 98 place, and in the region better ranked is only Montenegro, which is located between 78 and 80 place along with Botswana and Eastern Timor. Top rated is Iceland with 9 points and on the last place is North Korea, with 98 points. Almost every profession has its deontology/ethical principles. H...

  5. Muslims between East and West : a study of identity and the use of hijab among Bosnian muslim women in Sarajevo

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The overall focus of this thesis is the relationship between Europe and Islam and what it implies to be a European Muslim. I have interviewed Muslim women in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, focusing on their Muslim identity and the use of hijab (the Muslim headscarf). The aim was to find out how the women construct their identity when they belong to both Europe and the Muslim cultural tradition and how the European and Bosnian context influences on their understanding of Isla...

  6. The EU and the Balkans: Shifting Meanings after the Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Musliu, Vjosa

    2016-01-01

    This article discusses to what extent meanings and discourses on ‘EU membership’ on the one hand and on the ‘Balkans’ on the other, have shifted within Western Balkan countries in the past few years as a result of financial crisis in the European Union. Focusing on Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina, the article uses Derrida’s deconstruction to problematize the return of terms such as ‘Balkan’ and ‘Balkanized’, as a way to explain failures of the economic system. The article concludes that in ...

  7. Physicochemical and structural characteristics of HEU-type zeolitic tuff treated by hydrochloric acid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAGDALENA TOMASEVIC-CANOVIC

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Samples of natural HEU-type zeolites – clinoptilolite-Ca, from the Novakovici deposit (near Prijedor, Bosnia and Herzegovina were treated with the hydrochloric acid of various concentrations (from 10-3 M to 2 M. Zeolitic tuffs before and after the acid treatment were examined using IR, XRPD, and chemical analyses. The changes in the crystal structure of acid treated samples showed a significant reduction in the crystallinity of zeolitic tuffs (60–70 %, which were effected by hydrochloric acid with concentrations of 1 M and above.

  8. From a market economy to a government monopoly precious metals of Serbia and Bosnia between Venice and the Ottoman empire (15th-16th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojović Boško I.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The production of precious metals in the Balkans reached its climax in the 15th century. It was exported mostly by Ragusa, basically for the Venice Mint. According to the available documents it can be estimated that the traffic of such metals carried out via Ragusa was between 11060 kg in 1425, and an optimum estimation of 25 tons annually for the first half of the century. The Ottoman occupation of Serbia and Bosnia in the middle of the century marks the end of the exportation of raw materials indispensable to the European monetary economy, which lacked precious metals for mints. The production as well as the coining of the Balkan precious metals took place within the closed circuit of the Ottoman economic autarchy. Notwithstanding all the efforts of the central administration, including a highly developed legislation, and in spite of the development of a big mining centre of Siderokapsia (Eastern Macedonia, the production of precious metals continued to decline in the 15th century. This economic phenomenon led to the financial crash that marked the beginning of the recurring financial and economic crises in the Ottoman Empire at the end of the 16th century. The contribution of the precious metals from the Balkans to the European monetary economy at the end of the Middle Ages has not been sufficiently studied by the specialists in economic history, and it has not been taken into account regarding the spectacular decline of the Ottoman economy and power.

  9. Intelligent transportation systems in the planning and coordination of aircraft traffic at the airport apron

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlin, Stanislav; Roguljić, Slavko

    2015-01-01

    Airport aprons are areas for aircraft handling, parking and maintenance. According to international rules the number of positions at the apron has to be at least equal to the number of aircraft staying at any one time at the airport. The air traffic at Split Airport increased rapidly in the mid-90s when it became the UN logistics base for Bosnia and Herzegovina. There were nomeans nor free space for further expansion of the apron, so the traffic had to be reorganised and re-coordinated. Alter...

  10. Bosnia - pelgupaik islamiradikaalidele? / Nicholas Wood ; tõlk. Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wood, Nicholas

    2006-01-01

    Bosnias avastas politsei 2005. aasta sügisel ühes korteris suure hulga relvi ning suitsiidivöösid, sellele on järgnenud mitmeid vahistamisi. Euroopa julgeolekuteenistused kardavad Bosnia muutumist terroristide baasiks

  11. Inteligentni transportni sistemi pri načrtovanju in usklajevanju gibanja in parkiranja letal na ploščadi letališča: Intelligent transportation systems in the planning and coordination of aircraft traffic at the airport apron:

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlin, Stanislav; Roguljić, Slavko

    2004-01-01

    Airport aprons are areas for aircraft handling, parking and maintenance. According to international rules the number of positions at the apron has to be at least equal to the number of aircraft staying at any one time at the airport. The air traffic at Split Airport increased rapidly in the mid-90s when it became the UN logistics base for Bosnia and Herzegovina. There were nomeans nor free space for further expansion of the apron, so the traffic had to be reorganised and re-coordinated. Alter...

  12. Nest-site preference of Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus in Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinković S.P.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Although formerly an abundant species, the Eurasian Griffon (Gyps fulvus Hablizl, 1783 has undergone a dramatic decline in Herzegovina. Such an unfavorable trend may be associated with frequent poisoning incidents (consumption of poisoned baits, shortage of food and hunting. This species disappeared from its breeding habitats in Herzegovina during the last decade of the 20th century. The extinction was probably caused by military activities during the civil war. Using data that were collected over a period of long-term (1980-1991 monitoring of the breeding population, we discovered optimal environmental conditions for the nesting of the Eurasian Griffon Vulture in Herzegovina. Information on nest-site preference is valuable for conservation programs and the possible reintroduction of the Eurasian Griffon, not only in Herzegovina, but also to a much wider region. During the study period, we observed 61 nests and 252 nesting cases in four colonies of Eurasian Griffon Vulture. Most nests were located on limestone and dolomite rocks. The average altitude of nests was 378 m a.s.l.; most of nests (85% were located below 500 m a.s.l. Also, the majority of nests were located on west-exposed sites.

  13. GEOGRAPHICAL ASPECTS OF RIVER FLOWS IN THE REGION OF NORTHEAST BOSNIA

    OpenAIRE

    NEZIROVIĆ SENADA; DREŠKOVIĆ N.; POBRIĆ ALMA; MIRIĆ R.

    2015-01-01

    All streams in the region of north-eastern Bosnia belong to the Black Sea basin, and consist of flows with small waterfalls, cascades, streams and the larger rivers Sava, Drina and Spreča. By field trips to natural watercourses, reviews and analysis of the current situation the following can be concluded: pollution of water courses in the area of the region of north-eastern Bosnia are different, surface water quality has largely been compromised and in some waterways dangerously disturbed, ri...

  14. MIGRATORY MOVEMENTS OF SERBIAN NATION IN BOSNIA DURING THE GREAT VIENNA WAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Владан Гавриловић

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available At the time of the Great Vienna War (1683-1699 there were large migration flows in the Balkans. The paper explains the migrations of the Orthodox (Serbian and the Catholic population from Bosnia, which remained under the Turkish rule, to the newly liberated areas of Croatia and Slavonia. If the Bosnian migrations from this period are analzyed as a separate segment, it could be concluded that several tens of thousands of the Orthodox and Catholics migrated from Bosnia to Croatia and Slavonia, what largely resulted in filling this empty territory, strengthening the defensive power of the Habsburg Monarchy in relation to Turkey.

  15. INVESTMENTS AND INVESTMENT INCENTIVES IN THE BALKAN STATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MEHMET YÜCE

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Balkan region, located in the south eastern part of the European Continent, is composed Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia, Greece with a portion of the Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and Turkey. Southeast Europe are composed of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia and Albania which known as the Western Balkans countries. That international investments are assessed on a regional and global scale in the Balkans, these investments gained importance after the 1990s with political, social and geographical variation. In the 2000s, after legal and administrative framework oriented reforms of investments which are continuations of global integration efforts, development of the investment opportunities in Balkans have been considered positively. While the investment incentive structures and rates differ on the basis of the countries, they are of capital importance for investors. After the 2008 global economic crisis which has happened because of the economic shrinkage on global scale, despite the worries for political and economic unsteadiness in specific countries, development of investments in Balkans has not been affected in a negative way. In this study development of investment in Balkans is analysed with negative and positive factors, investment opportunities and incentives are examined on the basis of countries. The Balkans gain acceleration positively thanks to the reforms of investment opportunities on the national scope. As to the need of investment development oriented local and international coordinated programme and approach is an important issue that should be analysed.

  16. ORGANIC MICROPOLLUTANTS IN THE SAVA AND BOSNA RIVER OVERBANK AND FLOODPLAIN SEDIMENTS DURING THE MAY THROUGH JUNE 2014 CATASTROPHIC FLOOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordana Medunić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the presence and nature of organic micropollutants in river overbank and floodplain sediments from the border between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina following the catastrophic 2014 flood. The study involved ten sediment samples from the Sava and Bosna river floodplain. The volatile aromatic compounds, i.e. benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX, together with alkanes (the linear straight-chain alkanes and the branched alkanes, C10-C28 were determined by GC-MS method. Their estimated amounts were from <0.054 to 3.886 mg/kg, and from 10 to 406 mg/kg, respectively. Hereby, they were below allowed concentration limits for total hydrocarbons in agricultural soil of lighter texture (sandy/loam soil which is 1000 mg/kg, whilst for heavier clayey soils the limit is 2000 mg/kg. However, their presence in itself in the investigated sediment indicates oil spill problems, whilst their possible sources might be local oil refining industries located in the local cities of Brod and Modriča in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  17. Bosnian and American students' attitudes toward electronic monitoring: is it about what we know or where we come from?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muftić, Lisa R; Payne, Brian K; Maljević, Almir

    2015-06-01

    The use of community corrections continues to grow across the globe as alternatives to incarceration are sought. Little research attention, however, has been directed at correctional alternatives from a global orientation. The purpose of this research study is to compare the way that a sample of criminal justice students from the United States (n = 118) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (n = 133) perceive electronic monitoring. Because electronic monitoring is a newer sentencing alternative and it is used differently in Bosnia and Herzegovina than it is in the United States, it is predicted that Bosnian students will view electronic monitoring differently than will students from the United States. This study finds that while students are largely supportive of electronic monitoring sentences, support is affected by offender type and student nationality. For example, Bosnian students are more supportive of electronic monitoring sentences for drug offenders while American students are more supportive of electronic monitoring sentences for juvenile offenders. Differences were also found across student groups when attitudes toward electronic monitoring and the costs and pains associated with electronic monitoring were assessed. Specifically, American students were less likely to view electronic monitoring as meeting the goals of rehabilitation and more likely to view the conditions and restrictions associated with electronic monitoring as being punitive than Bosnian students were. Implications from these findings, as well as limitations and suggestions for further research are discussed. PMID:24368782

  18. Whole genome sequence of the Treponema pallidum subsp. endemicum strain Bosnia A: the genome is related to yaws treponemes but contains few loci similar to syphilis treponemes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbora Staudová

    Full Text Available T. pallidum subsp. endemicum (TEN is the causative agent of bejel (also known as endemic syphilis. Clinical symptoms of syphilis and bejel are overlapping and the epidemiological context is important for correct diagnosis of both diseases. In contrast to syphilis, caused by T. pallidum subsp. pallidum (TPA, TEN infections are usually spread by direct contact or contaminated utensils rather than by sexual contact. Bejel is most often seen in western Africa and in the Middle East. The strain Bosnia A was isolated in 1950 in Bosnia, southern Europe.The complete genome of the Bosnia A strain was amplified and sequenced using the pooled segment genome sequencing (PSGS method and a combination of three next-generation sequencing techniques (SOLiD, Roche 454, and Illumina. Using this approach, a total combined average genome coverage of 513× was achieved. The size of the Bosnia A genome was found to be 1,137,653 bp, i.e. 1.6-2.8 kbp shorter than any previously published genomes of uncultivable pathogenic treponemes. Conserved gene synteny was found in the Bosnia A genome compared to other sequenced syphilis and yaws treponemes. The TEN Bosnia A genome was distinct but very similar to the genome of yaws-causing T. pallidum subsp. pertenue (TPE strains. Interestingly, the TEN Bosnia A genome was found to contain several sequences, which so far, have been uniquely identified only in syphilis treponemes.The genome of TEN Bosnia A contains several sequences thought to be unique to TPA strains; these sequences very likely represent remnants of recombination events during the evolution of TEN treponemes. This finding emphasizes a possible role of repeated horizontal gene transfer between treponemal subspecies in shaping the Bosnia A genome.

  19. Bibliographic work of Ivan Franjo Jukić and the end of cultural history. Bibliographies as a source for the history of books and cultural history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Harni

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Bosnian Franciscan Ivan Franjo Jukić (1818-1857 died a hundred and fifty years ago. He was one of the most prominent figures in the 19th century cultural life of Bosnia and Herzegovina, credited with the development of a wide-ranging set of aspects of cultural life in Bosnia and Herzegovina, organised in the unpropitious conditions of the Turkish occupation. Among other things, he studied the non-religious cultural history of Bosnia and Herzegovina and, in particular, the literary work of his Franciscan predecessors who were active in pastoral work for many years on the entire Croatian cultural territory and, in some periods, outside this territory. Preaching in the tongue of the people, they contributed greatly to the standardisation of the Croatian language and to the development and use of bosanica as a specific form of the Croatian Cyrillic script. Jukić was one of the first, if not the first Croatian student of this script. The study of bosanica was an inspiration to him to collect and bibliographically describe books written in this script and, also, books written in the Latin script. Thus emerged the core of his text, Bosnian Literature, which is in fact a general bibliography of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was the first book to set as a criterion the secular and not the religious borders of Bosnia. The text was published in two installments in the first literary journal in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosanski prijatelj, started and edited by Jukić. The paper is to commemorate the anniversary of his death. It provides an insight into the results of the bibliographic, cultural and historic study of Jukić’s text. The bibliographic study focuses on the bibliographic structure, bibliographic descriptions and on the criteria applied in the selection of the material. The bibliographic features are analysed as part of the cultural and historic context, in the synchronic and diachronic sense of the word. The method applied in the contextualised

  20. Designing Multidimensional Peace Operations : the Cases of International Interim-Administrations in Bosnia, Kosovo, and East Timor

    OpenAIRE

    Junk, Julian

    2006-01-01

    Since the end of the Cold War, weak or failing states have arguably become one of the most pertinent problems for the international order as they appear to be the source of many challenges the world faces today: from poverty to AIDS and from drug trafficking to terrorism. The international community responded with an unprecedented dynamic of peace operations performing state-building and reconstruction tasks mainly channelled through the United Nations system. Recently, extensive missions hav...

  1. SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ENDEMIC DENTEX TROUT, Salmo dentex (Heckel, 1851) FROM THE NERETVA RIVER, BOSNIA–HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Glamuzina, B; V. Bartulović

    2006-01-01

    The paper confirms the presence of endemic dentex trout, Salmo dentex population in the Neretva River, Bosnia–Herzegovina. All catches were limited to main flow of the Neretva River close to town of Čapljina and colder areas of Hutovo Blato wetlands. All caught specimens of dentex trout fed on smaller fish. But, without preference to particular fish species.

  2. SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ENDEMIC DENTEX TROUT, Salmo dentex (Heckel, 1851 FROM THE NERETVA RIVER, BOSNIA–HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Glamuzina

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper confirms the presence of endemic dentex trout, Salmo dentex population in the Neretva River, Bosnia–Herzegovina. All catches were limited to main flow of the Neretva River close to town of Čapljina and colder areas of Hutovo Blato wetlands. All caught specimens of dentex trout fed on smaller fish. But, without preference to particular fish species.

  3. Dental fear and anxiety in older children: an association with parental dental anxiety and effective pain coping strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coric A

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Anka Coric,1 Adriana Banozic,2 Miro Klaric,3 Katarina Vukojevic,4 Livia Puljak5 1School of Medicine, University of Mostar, Health Center Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 2Laboratory for Pain Research, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia; 3Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 4Department of Anatomy, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia; 5Laboratory for Pain Research, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia Abstract: An association between dental fear and anxiety (DFA has been confirmed for children younger than 8 years, but this association in older children is less clear. The aim of this study was to fill this knowledge gap by studying DFA in older children and their parents with validated measures. This cross-sectional study, conducted at Community Health Centre Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, included 114 children and their parents. DFA, coping, and sociodemographic variables were studied using Corah Dental Anxiety Questionnaire (CDAS, Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS, Dental Cope Questionnaire, and sociodemographic questionnaire. Maternal CDAS scores had significant positive correlation with child DFA measured with CFSS-DS (r=0.35, P<0.001 and CDAS (r=0.32, P<0.001. Fathers' CDAS scores were not associated with child CFSS-DS, but showed a moderate correlation with child CDAS (r=0.19, P<0.05. There were no significant differences in children's fear and anxiety based on age, sex, or socioeconomic variables. Children used internal coping strategies most frequently and external coping strategies were rated by the children as the most effective. We did not find differences in number and type of effective coping strategies in children with high DFA compared with children with low DFA. In conclusion, there is evidence of the coexistence of dental fear in parents and older children. These findings

  4. What Belgium Can Teach Bosnia: The Uses of Autonomy in 'Divided House' States

    OpenAIRE

    Sherrill Stroschein

    2003-01-01

    Belgium and Bosnia can be understood as 'divided house' states, which contain proportionally similar groups with opposing views regarding whether the states should be more unitary or more decentralized. The Belgian example demonstrates that even where groups disagree on state structure, a mixture of various forms of group autonomy may facilitate stability and compromise within the state. Belgium addresses this dilemma in two ways: 1) non-territorial autonomous unites in the form of linguistic...

  5. Bosnia serblased ähvardavad oma vabariigile iseseisvust taotleda / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2009-01-01

    Bosnia ja Hertsegoviina liitriigi Serbia vabariigi peaminister Milorad Dodik nõudis, et põhiseadusesse lisataks punktid, mis tagaksid Bosnia serblaste enesemääramisõiguse ja lubaksid korraldada referendumi iseseisvumise küsimuses

  6. GEOGRAPHICAL ASPECTS OF RIVER FLOWS IN THE REGION OF NORTHEAST BOSNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NEZIROVIĆ SENADA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available All streams in the region of north-eastern Bosnia belong to the Black Sea basin, and consist of flows with small waterfalls, cascades, streams and the larger rivers Sava, Drina and Spreča. By field trips to natural watercourses, reviews and analysis of the current situation the following can be concluded: pollution of water courses in the area of the region of north-eastern Bosnia are different, surface water quality has largely been compromised and in some waterways dangerously disturbed, riverbeds serve as garbage dumps, while the river banks are covered in different types of vegetation. The most common pollutants are municipal wastewater, which occur as a result of the activities of the population. A particular problem is the waste water of some industrial plants. The lack of enough protection from flood waters makes it even worse. Flooding is a serious distortion factor of the environment and it causes property damage. The negative influence of surface water pollution is reflected in the quality of drinking water, water for irrigation, recreation, etc. Conducted research points to the problems in this area that we encounter daily, it provides valuable guidelines to protect river flows and improve the environment in the region of north-eastern Bosnia.

  7. ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS INTERDEPENDENCES - EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nino Serdarević

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents empirical evidence on applied analysis interdependences with created accounting policies and estimates within Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH private commercial entities, in specific, targeting practice oriented relevance of financial indicators, non-financial indicators, enterprise resource planning and management account-ting insight frequencies. Recently, standard setters (International Accounting Standards Board and International Federation of Accountants have published outcomes of an internationally organized research on financial reports usefulness, recommending enforced usage of enterprise relevant information, non-financial indicators and risks implications in assets and liabilities positions. These imply litigation and possible income smoothening. In regard to financial reporting reliability, many authors suggest accounting conservatism as a measure to compose risk assessment and earnings response ratio. Author argues that recently suggested financial management measures involving cash and assets management, liquidity ratios and turns do not directly imply accounting information quality, prior computed within applied accounting conservatism.

  8. Doctoral degree in health professions: Professional needs and legal requirement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matko Marušić

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available To respond to ever increasing complexity of health care professions, education of nurses, midwives, physiotherapists, radiology engineers, and medical laboratory workers, has been upgraded to pregraduate, graduate and postgraduate university levels. In Croatia, nursing was defined as a branch of clinical medical science in 1997. Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina have introduced first two levels, but there is a strong need for the third one (doctoral degree. It should last three years and contain 180 ECTS points. It includes acquisition of evidence-based advanced health care, and the ability for independent research and critical analysis. Doctoral degrees in health professions are instrumental for academic careers of faculty of health professions. Yet this will not separate them from their patients or make them administrators, as the majority of their work will still be spent alongside patients.

  9. Radiochemical separation and effective dose estimation due to ingestion of 90Sr

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 2007. Institute for Public Health of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina-Radiation Protection Centre, within the framework of monitoring of radioactivity of environment carried out measurement of specific activity of 90Sr content in selected food and water samples. The paper described the methods of measurement and radiochemical separation. Presented results, as average values of specific activity of 90Sr, were used for estimation of effective dose due to ingestion of 90Sr for 2007. and 2008. Estimated effective dose for 2007. due to ingestion of 90Sr for adults was 1,36 μSv and 2,03 μSv for children (10 year old), and for 2008. 0,67 μSv (adults) and 1,01 μSv (children 10 year old). Estimated effective doses for 2007. and 2008. are varied because of different average specific activity radionuclide 90Sr in selected samples of food, their number, species and origin. (author)

  10. Collaborative investigations on thoron and radon in some rural communities of Balkans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with the results of the first-field use in the Balkans, i.e. Serbia and Republic of Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina), of a passive polycarbonate Mark II type and poli-allyl-diglycol carbonate (Cr-39) alpha track detectors sensitive to thoron as well as to radon. Both types of solid state nuclear track detectors were designed and supplied by National Inst. of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), Chiba (Japan). The commercial names for these detectors which all have been field tested in Balkan rural communities are known as: UFO and RADUET passive discriminative radon/thoron detectors. No database of thoron and thoron progeny concentrations in dwellings in Serbia or Balkans region exist, and as a result, the level of exposure of the Serbian population to thoron and its progeny is unknown so far. (authors)

  11. Morpho-physiological characteristics and interactions of isolates of Mycogone perniciosa (Magnus Delacr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glamočlija Jasmina M.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Mycogone perniciosa (Magnus Delacr., which causes wet bubble disease of Agaricus bisporus Lange (Imb, results in a considerable crop loss on mushroom farms in Serbia. The isolation and identification of five isolates of M. perniciosa from diseased fruit bodies of white button mushroom from mushroom units in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Holland were made. Morpho-physiological characteristics and inter-relationships of the obtained isolates were studied. Macroscopic and microscopic investigations of different zones between colonies of the isolates of M. perniciosa revealed the phenomenon of the hyphal interference between different isolates. The obtained results suggest that hyphal interference could serve as an additional parameter for a more reliable determination of fungal specifity.

  12. RISK FACTORS OF VIOLENT BEHAVIOR AMONG ELEMENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

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    Ranko KOVAČEVIĆ

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The primary goal of this research was to ascertain which risk factors could serve as the most precise predictors of violent behaviour among elementary and high-school students. The research was conducted on a sample of 1209 students, between thirteen and seventeen years old, in five cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The risk factors assessment was done by means of SAVRY (Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth, a tool used for gauging the levels of risk factors. With the help of the SPSS 12.0 Statistical Procedures Companion, the collected data was processed by employing regression analysis. The results indicate that the onset of violent behaviour, academic success, inability to concentrate, alcohol abuse, history of domestic violence, as well as parental separation, are the main predictors of violent behaviour among the aforementioned categoryof students. These results form a solid foundation for future planning of treatments and activities with a goal to prevent such behaviour.

  13. Hindistan`dan İngilizleri Kovma ve Yeni Bir Sömürge Kurmaya Yönelik Proje: Fransa – Rusya Gizli Görüşmeleri (1800//// A Project to Throw Britain Out of India and Create a New Colony: France-Russia Secret Meetings (1800

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doç. Dr. Osman KÖSE

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available After Napoleon Bonaparte returned from his Egyptian expedition, he took over the control of France. As peace negotiations with Britain were delayed, he approached Russia. In 1800 France and Russia prepared a joint action plan to throw the British out of India. According to this plan, French soldiers would reach to the Black Sea by way of the Danube and Russia would help them cross the Black Sea and reach to India through Central Asia. Then, they would throw the British out of India and establish a Russian rule there. Furthermore, France was to control Syria and Egypt in the Eastern Mediterranean and Austria would be given Bosnia and Herzegovina, Wallachia, Moldavia and Bulgaria. This article analyzes the secret negotiations of the unfinished project, which was abandoned because of the assassination of Czar Paul I, in light of Ottoman archival documents.

  14. Find an ACFAS Physician

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba ... Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Terr Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina ...

  15. GI Locator Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... DHEKELIA ÅLAND ISLANDS ALBANIA ALGERIA AMERICAN SAMOA ANDORRA ANGOLA ANGUILLA ANTIGUA ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA ARGENTINA ARMENIA ARUBA ... BENIN BERMUDA BHUTAN BOLIVIA BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BOTSWANA BRAZIL BRITISH INDIAN OCEAN TERRITORY BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS BRUNEI ...

  16. Find an ENT

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba ... Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia-Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Terr British Virgin Islands Brunei- ...

  17. New floristic records in the Balkans: 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    ), Ranunculaceae (12-14, 32, 65), Rosaceae (33, 66, 97), Rubiaceae (56, 73), Salicaceae (50), Scrophulariaceae (51), Valerianaceae (15) and Violaceae (57, 67). First reports for countries are: Bosnia & Herzegovina - Lactuca visianii (72), Potamogeton rutilus (29); Bulgaria - Convolvulus pilosellifolius (36...

  18. Monthly Report No. 11/2010

    OpenAIRE

    Vasily Astrov; Vladimir Gligorov; Peter Havlik; Mario Holzner; Olga Pindyuk; Josef Pöschl; Hermine Vidovic

    2010-01-01

    Albania agnostic growth forecast (by M. Holzner; pp. 1-2) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Albania Topics Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy Bosnia and Herzegovina economic recovery and new political constellation (by J. Pöschl; pp. 3-5) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Bosnia and Herzegovina Topics Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy Croatia recovery not yet in sight (by H. Vidovic; pp. 6-8) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP...

  19. Monthly Report No. 11/2011

    OpenAIRE

    Vasily Astrov; Vladimir Gligorov; Peter Havlik; Mario Holzner; Olga Pindyuk; Josef Pöschl

    2011-01-01

    Albania candidate? not yet (by Mario Holzner; pp. 1-3) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Albania Topics Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy Bosnia and Herzegovina slow motion mode perpetuating (by Josef Pöschl; pp. 4-6) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Bosnia and Herzegovina Topics Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy Croatia recovery delayed (by Hermine Vidovic; pp. 7-9) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Count...

  20. Monthly Report No. 12/2009

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir Gligorov; Mario Holzner; Olga Pindyuk; Josef Pöschl

    2009-01-01

    Albania good quarters, bad quarters (by M. Holzner; pp. 1-3) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Albania Topics Macroeconomic Analysis, Forecasts and Policy Bosnia and Herzegovina moderately depressed economy in a climate of political uptightness (by J. Pöschl; pp. 4-6) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Bosnia and Herzegovina Topics Macroeconomic Analysis, Forecasts and Policy Montenegro foreign investment continues (by V. Gl...

  1. Monthly Report No. 12/2008

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir Gligorov; Mario Holzner; Olga Pindyuk; Josef Pöschl

    2008-01-01

    Albania the importance of being aside (by M. Holzner, pp. 1-3) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Albania Topics Macroeconomic Analysis, Forecasts and Policy Bosnia and Herzegovina suffering from unfavourable constellations (by J. Pöschl, pp. 4-7) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Bosnia and Herzegovina Topics Macroeconomic Analysis, Forecasts and Policy Kazakhstan commodity price decline aggravates crisis (by O. Pindyuk, pp...

  2. Uticaj savremenog političko-teritorijalnog ustroja na promjene u naseobinskom sistemu Bosne i Hercegovine s posebnim osvrtom na sarajevsko naselje Dobrinja

    OpenAIRE

    Mirić, Ranko

    2015-01-01

    Following the Dayton Agreement, the 1071-km long Inter-Entity Boundary Line (IEBL) divides Bosnia and Herzegovina into two entities. Being the result of political agreements, the division ignored almost all geographical aspects of a functional organisation of state space, and only accelerated its geographic, economic, social, political-territorial and functional disintegration. The political-legal framework within which Bosnia and Herzegovina functions as an independent state is a world class...

  3. Preservation of a traditional timber roof: the case of the Handanija mosque

    OpenAIRE

    Mevludin Zečević; Amir Čaušević; Nerman Rustempašić

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the authors provide a brief overview of their personal involvement in the inspection of the roof timbers of the Handanija Mosque in Prusac. As well as the inspection, the authors were asked to propose a design for the roof structure. The Handanija Mosque, built in 1617, is an important example of the cultural heritage of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the mosque was designated as a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2005. The form, design and proportions of this traditio...

  4. Obraz bosenské války v kolektivní paměti imigrantů z Bosny a Hercegoviny v České republice

    OpenAIRE

    Kricnerová, Adéla

    2014-01-01

    The thesis is focused on the collective memory of immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The aim of the thesis is to find out what image of war is constructed in the collective memory of immigrants from Bosnia-Herzegovina living in the Czech Republic and whether there is, or in what form, the transmission of memories of the traumatic event. The topic is studied on the example of two generations of narrators selected using biografical - narrative interviews. Based on interviews with 14 migran...

  5. Combining morphology and genetics in resolving taxonomy--a systematic revision of spined loaches (Genus Cobitis; Cypriniformes, Actinopterygii in the Adriatic watershed.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Buj

    Full Text Available Taxonomic investigation of spined loaches from Dalmatia and Herzegovina was conducted on specimens from 14 localities. The results of the detailed morphological investigations were combined with genetic data (based on one mitochondrial and two nuclear genes in order to resolve the taxonomic status of each Cobitis population. Among the investigated features of external morphology, the appearance of spots on the caudal fin base turned out to have the greatest diagnostic value. Furthermore, the number of branched fin rays enabled the discrimination of several species. No morphometric character alone could ensure determination of any Cobitis species. Nevertheless, groups of populations that are more similar in their body shapes correspond to mitochondrial phylogenetic lineages. Based on molecular genetic markers, Dalmatian and Herzegovinian spined loaches form independent lineages inside the Adriatic phylogenetic group. Mitochondrial DNA phylogenetic reconstruction revealed six monophyletic lineages, corresponding to six species distributed in the investigated area. The population distributed in Mostarsko blato karstic field in Bosnia and Herzegovina is described as a new species based on a unique combination of morphological characters: a single triangular Canestrini scale; usually 51/2 branched anal fin rays, 61/2 branched dorsal fin rays, 14 branched caudal fin rays; no spots in the surface pigmentation layer on the caudal fin base; scales on the body very small.

  6. Intercondylar Notch Width and Inner Angle of Lateral Femoral Condyle as the Risk Factors for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Female Handball Players in Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Miljko, Miro; Grle, Maki; Kožul, Slobodan; Kolobarić, Mladen; Djak, Ivana

    2012-01-01

    The principal purpose of this prospective study was to examine intercondylar notch size and the value of inner angle of lateral femoral condyle as the risk factors for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament ACL injury and than to correlate them to the physical values of the athletes such as body mass index (BMI), hight, wight, etc There are indentified two type of risk factors, external include shoes-surface interaction, type of playing surface, weather conditions and internal include anatomic...

  7. Intercondylar notch width and inner angle of lateral femoral condyle as the risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament injury in female handball players in Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miljko, Miro; Grle, Maki; Kozul, Slobodan; Kolobarić, Mladen; Djak, Ivana

    2012-03-01

    The principal purpose of this prospective study was to examine intercondylar notch size and the value of inner angle of lateral femoral condyle as the risk factors for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament ACL injury and than to correlate them to the physical values of the athletes such as body mass index (BMI), hight, wight, etc. There are indentified two type of risk factors, external include shoes-surface interaction, type of playing surface, weather conditions and internal include anatomic, neuromuscular, biomechanical and hormonal factors that may predispose female athlets to noncontact injury of ACL. Among anatomic factors, intercondylar notch stenosis and larger inner angle of lateral condyle of femur as the factors which can cause impigement of ACL, were related to an increased risk of injury of ACL. In this study were included 51 female athlete. In the study group there were 24 female handball players with ACL tear and in control group there were 27 female handball players without any type of injury of the knee, who are practicing handball on a daily basis for at least for two years. In the first step, were gathered clinical data performed by orthopaedic surgeon. In the second step, the femoral notch width and the inner angle of lateral condyle of femur were measured on coronal MR-images. Study has shown that value of inner angle of lateral condyle of femur was significantly higher in athletes with ACL tear compared to those without. Value of width of intercondylar notch was statisticaly smaller in athletes with ACL tear, compared to those without. In the conclusion the inner angle of lateral femoral condyle is better predicting factor for ACL tear in young female handball players compared to intercondylar notch width. PMID:22816220

  8. Results of field testing with the multisensor DEMAND and BIOSENS technologies in Croatia and Bosnia developed in the European Union's 5th framework program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crabbe, Stephen; Sachs, Juergen; Peyerl, Peter; Alli, Giovanni; Eng, Lars; Khalili, Mehrdad; Busto, Javier; Berg, Anders

    2004-09-01

    This paper presents the development results for three sensor technologies: metal detector (MD) array, ultrawideband (UWB) ground penetrating radar (GPR) array and biosensor sample collection and analysis system. It provides results on explosives findings for demining and demonstrates how the false alarm rate (FAR) of the MD may be reduced while maintaining high probability of detection (PD) through a data fusion (DF) system. The relevance of the results to demining and homeland security is also provided.

  9. Why the United States Decided not to Fulfil the Arms Embargo on Bosnia in November 1994? Analysis of the Domestic Political Game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Fenton

    1996-02-01

    Full Text Available The United States’ decision to stop enforcing, selectively, the arms embargo against the Bosnian Muslims (which also exempted the Federation between Bosnia and Croacia in November 1994 helped change, then, the military, political and social dynamics of the war by a indirectly allowing for a balancing of military capabilities to take place in the region and b directly sending a message to the allies in NATO that the US was intent on achieving more decision-making autonomy regarding the United Nation’s resolutions and its allies’ stances toward Bosnia. Whereas the decision satisfied the US domestic political expectations of not getting bogged down militarily in Bosnia and demonstrated a pragmatic approach toward ethnicbased conflicts in Europe, it did not meet with approval from many of the NATO allies and other countries in the European Union. On the other hand, the US decision may havefound support in those countries belonging to the Organization of the Islamic Conference.The decision, which took place during a Congressional election year, was the outcome of a national debate about the United States’ political and military role and responsability in post-Cold War Europe. This decision pit the influences and the strategically wider or longer-term objectives of the Defense and State Departments and the National Security Council, and most importantly, those part of the agenda directed by a rather disengaged (initially and less persuasive President Clinton (foreign policy-wise regarding Bosnia inhis second year in the White House, against the punctual, diverse objectives and expectations of a more opportunistic Congress set on pressuring the President.

  10. Archaeological Excursion into Proximal Colony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandar Palavestra

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia-Herzegovina by the end of the 19th century, presided by Benjamin Kallay, the Empire’s Minister of Finance and governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina, strived to gain wider international justification for its years’ long project of “civilizing” Bosnia and Herzegovina, or particular “historizing” of this proximal colony. In the summer of 1894 the Austro-Hungarian government in Bosnia and Herzegovina organized the Congress of Archaeologists and Anthropologists in the Landesmuseum in Sarajevo. The aim of the Congress was to inform archaeologists and anthropologists about the results of archaeological investigations in the country, and to seek their advice in directing further work. The wider ideological, political, as well as theoretical context of this congress, however, was much more complex and layered, with the aim to present the constructed image of Bosnia and Herzegovina as a country of tamed and civilized European Orient of rich past and luxurious folklore. The participants of the Congress discussed the archaeological and anthropological data presented to them by the hosts, including the specially organized excavations at Butmir and Glasinac. It is interesting to analyze, from the point of view of the history of archaeological ideas, the endeavours of the participants to adapt the archaeological finds before them to the wishes of the hosts, and, on the other hand, to their favoured archaeological paradigms dominant at the time.

  11. NOD2/CARD15 mutations in Polish and Bosnian populations with and without Crohn's disease: prevalence and genotype-phenotype analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nermin N Salkic

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Data on prevalence and phenotypic consequences of nucleotide-binding oligomerisation domain 2/caspase recruitment domains 15 (NOD2/CARD15 variants in Crohn's disease (CD population in Poland and Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H are nonexistent. We aimed to determine the prevalence of NOD2/CARD15 mutations and their association with disease phenotype in Polish and Bosnian patients with CD and in healthy controls. We prospectively recruited 86 CD patients and 83 controls in Poland and 30 CD patients and 30 controls in B&H, 229 in total. We determined the prevalence of NOD2/CARD15 mutations and their association with the disease phenotype according to Montreal classification. Participants were genotyped for Leu1007fsinsC and Gly908Arg mutations. At least one CD-associated allele was found in 29/86 (33.7% of Polish CD patients and in 9/83 (10.8% of healthy controls (p<0.001. In both CD patients and controls in Bosnian sample, at least one NOD2 mutation was found in equal number of patients (3/30; 10% with all of the NOD2 mutation positive CD patients being homozygous, while controls being heterozygous. In Polish sample, perianal disease was less frequent in CD patients with any NOD2 mutation (1/21; 4.8% compared to those without (11/41; 26.8%; p=0.046. Higher percentage of patients with NOD2 mutations had history of CD related surgery when compared with those without mutations (66.7% vs. 43.3%; p=0.05. The risk for CD is increased in patients with NOD2 mutations (Poland and especially in the presence of homozygous NOD2 mutations (Poland and Bosnia. The presence of variant NOD2 alleles is associated with increased need for surgery and reduced occurrence of perianal disease.

  12. The lessons learned from the canadian forces physiotherapy experience during the peacekeeping operations in Bosnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hébert, Luc Jean; Rowe, Peter

    2007-08-01

    The musculoskeletal injuries and soldiers' demographic profiles observed by physiotherapy (PT) officers during the Canadian Forces peacekeeping mission Op-Palladium in Bosnia between 2000 and 2004 were characterized. The number of PT visits (N = 4,167; range, 310-974) and gender distribution (N = 2,558 cases; male, 80.8%-91%; female, 9.0%-16.4%) varied between tours. On average, >30% of the entire Canadian Forces contingent required PT services. Lower limb injuries were the single leading reason for PT treatment (41.8%) followed by the spine (28.5%) and the upper limb (21.5%). The most commonly affected joints were the knee (17.2%) and ankle (16.1%), the shoulder (14.4%), and the lumbar spine (14.4%). The 26 to 35 age group and combat arms showed the highest incidence of musculoskeletal injuries (p < 0.001). The majority of cases seen were subacute and chronic (68%). Primary prevention activities and the capacity to provide the full scope of PT services were identified as two key factors contributing to the maintenance of operational readiness of the troops. PMID:17803074

  13. Analysis of the Radiopollution of the City of Sarajevo and its Surrounding Area with Regard to Radionuclides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huremović, J.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, great attention has been focused on the research of problems related to the environment and processes occurring within it. The accident that occurred at Nuclear Power Plant in Chernobyl (1986 unquestionably warned that global pollution with radioactive substances on a continent scale may be expected. The past twenty years have been marked with the utilization of metal uranium – a depleted isotope of uranium-235 for various purposes. Today, depleted uranium has found its use in modern armies and it is used as efficient ammunition against armored military systems.There are estimates about the usage of ammunition with depleted uranium deployed in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the war (1992–1995. The region of Bosnia and Herzegovina was exposed to the direct influence of the global dispersion processes that had occurred in May 1986 as a consequence of emissions originating from Nuclear Power Plant “Lenin” in Chernobyl. In thiswork the radionuclides fraction analysis (238U, 226Ra, 210Pb, 232Th, 40K i 137Cs of surface samples (0–5 cm originating from the City of Sarajevo and its surroundings has been presented. The soil samples were taken from nine locations in the city and the surrounding area: Blekin potok, Kobilja glava, Bentbaša, Vraca, Prirodno-matematieki fakultet (PMF, Aziai, Hrasnica, Butmir, and Blažuj. The analyses were performed at the Department for Environment of Jo?ef Štefan Institute in Ljubljana, Slovenia. Ge HP detector connected to Ortec MCA Gamma Vision 32 Software was used in addition to the Instrumental Neutron Activation Technique (INAA.The results of the analysis were compared with data available for the City of Sarajevo (years 1986, 1987 and 1988 and Slovenia. Analyses were made after Chernobyl catastrophe. Almost all of radionuclides analysed have shown to have a slightly higher specific radioactivity when compared to the data obtained in 1986, 1987 and 1989 for the City of Sarajevo. Our results

  14. Diagnostics of common microdeletion syndromes using fluorescence in situ hybridization: single center experience in a developing country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amina Kurtovic-Kozaric

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Microdeletion syndromes are caused by chromosomal deletions of less than 5 megabases which can be detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH. We evaluated the most commonly detected microdeletions for the period from June 01, 2008 to June 01, 2015 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including DiGeorge, Prader-Willi/Angelman, Wolf-Hirschhorn, and Williams syndromes. We report 4 patients with DiGeorge syndromes, 4 patients with Prader-Willi/Angelman, 4 patients with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, and 3 patients with Williams syndrome in the analyzed 7 year period. Based on the positive FISH results for each syndrome, the incidence was calculated for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. These are the first reported frequencies of the microdeletion syndromes in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  15. Diagnostics of common microdeletion syndromes using fluorescence in situ hybridization: Single center experience in a developing country

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtovic-Kozaric, Amina; Mehinovic, Lejla; Stomornjak-Vukadin, Meliha; Kurtovic-Basic, Ilvana; Catibusic, Feriha; Kozaric, Mirza; Dinarevic, Senka Mesihovic; Hasanhodzic, Mensuda; Sumanovic-Glamuzina, Darinka

    2016-01-01

    Microdeletion syndromes are caused by chromosomal deletions of less than 5 megabases which can be detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). We evaluated the most commonly detected microdeletions for the period from June 01, 2008 to June 01, 2015 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including DiGeorge, Prader-Willi/Angelman, Wolf-Hirschhorn, and Williams syndromes. We report 4 patients with DiGeorge syndromes, 4 patients with Prader-Willi/Angelman, 4 patients with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, and 3 patients with Williams syndrome in the analyzed 7 year period. Based on the positive FISH results for each syndrome, the incidence was calculated for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. These are the first reported frequencies of the microdeletion syndromes in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. PMID:26937776

  16. Diagnostics of common microdeletion syndromes using fluorescence in situ hybridization: single center experience in a developing country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtovic-Kozaric, Amina; Mehinovic, Lejla; Stomornjak-Vukadin, Meliha; Kurtovic-Basic, Ilvana; Catibusic, Feriha; Kozaric, Mirza; Mesihovic-Dinarevic, Senka; Hasanhodzic, Mensuda; Glamuzina, Darinka

    2016-01-01

    Microdeletion syndromes are caused by chromosomal deletions of less than 5 megabases which can be detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). We evaluated the most commonly detected microdeletions for the period from June 01, 2008 to June 01, 2015 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including DiGeorge, Prader-Willi/Angelman, Wolf-Hirschhorn, and Williams syndromes. We report 4 patients with DiGeorge syndromes, 4 patients with Prader-Willi/Angelman, 4 patients with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, and 3 patients with Williams syndrome in the analyzed 7 year period. Based on the positive FISH results for each syndrome, the incidence was calculated for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. These are the first reported frequencies of the microdeletion syndromes in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. PMID:26937776

  17. VAŽNOST STRATEŠKIH CILJEVA ZA PODUZE Ć A U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinko Primorac

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as in many transition countries, many companies were unprepared for the negative effects that occurred after global economy crises in 2008. In the current harsh economic conditions, entrepreneurs are forced to reconsider their ways of doing business, and to determine its strategic objectives and their importance for survival of businesses. The aim of this paper is to analyze empirical research and to determine which strategic objectives entrepreneurs consider most important for the success of the business. The research was conducted using a questionnaire on a sample of companies from Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  18. SNAGE I SLABOSTI FRANŠIZNOG POSLOVANJA SA OSVRTOM NA BOSNU I HERCEGOVINU

    OpenAIRE

    Goran Pejaković

    2013-01-01

    The subject of the research is to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of a franchise business with a particular emphasis on the development of the franchise in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main goals of this paper are to identify the main obstacles in the development of the franchise in Bosnia and Herzegovina and recommendation of measures to improve this business model to take advantage of its great features. Franchising is a business model that is in most cases based on a win-win relati...

  19. Seventy Years of the Journal "Medical Archives".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2016-02-01

    This year journal "Medical Archives" celebrates 70th anniversary of its continuing publication. Medical Archives is oldest biomedical journal in Bosnia and Herzegovina and one of the oldest medical journals in Europe, established in the year 1947, as official scientific and professional journal of Association of Physicians of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Until present Medical Archives has published over 5000 articles. Today Medical Archives is internationally recognized medical peer-reviewed indexed journal, visible in more than 30 international on-line databases. PMID:26980925

  20. 国際平和活動における『法の支配』の確立 : ボスニア=ヘルツェゴビナを事例にして

    OpenAIRE

    Shinoda, Hideaki

    2004-01-01

    This paper aims to illuminate how the rule of law is understood in international peace-building activities by looking at the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The case is selected since the European countries and the United States that are leading peace-building in Bosnia and Herzegovina have a distinct tendency to emphasize the rule of law in the context of peace-building. While there are more various international rganizations that are given peace-building tasks by the Dayton Peace Agreement ...

  1. Rola Alii Izetbegovicia w kształtowaniu muzułmańskiej wspólnoty narodowej Bośni i Hercegowiny

    OpenAIRE

    Ewa Bujwid-Kurek

    2015-01-01

    The role of Aliya Izetbegović in shaping the national community of Muslim in Bosnia and HerzegovinaThe main problem of the research was to prove that ethnical background has the influence over the people who bear important political functions. For the subject of the research we chose the president of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Alija Izetbegović, who has Muslim roots. During the considerations of the research it was proved that provenience of him in this case seriously determined his attitude and...

  2. Pilot project for control and prevention of illicit trafficking of nuclear and radioactive material in Croatia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Croatia has a very long and complex border (2.373 km on land, 972 km on sea) with more than 170 land border crossings. Illicit trafficking in people and drugs is very probably occurring daily. Number of international airports and sea ports, intensive nautical tourism, volume of goods in transit between Greece and the rest of EU, great number of border crossings on east south borders (Serbia and Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina) are just the most obvious reasons adding to complexity and expensiveness of full and reliable detection system. Croatia signed several international instruments calling for comprehensive national system of control of nuclear material as well as special equipment and non-nuclear materials. Project for control of nuclear and radioactive materials on Croatian borders was initiated at the beginning of 2002 based on IAEA standards and recommendations. The objective of the project is development and implementation of nuclear and other radioactive material control system on the borders of the Republic of Croatia. The scope is to build up capacity for automatic control of border crossings and efficient response to detected nuclear and radioactive materials. the goals accomplished up to now are: Established coordination of all the issues related to control of nuclear and other radioactive materials through national coordination body (customs, police, nuclear safety and security, radiation protection, consultants from university and consulting firms, etc.) and national program setting up general strategy, responsibilities, procedures etc. and education of border crossing officers through seminars and hand on training

  3. Molecular detection and prevalence of Theileria equi and Babesia caballi in horses of central Balkan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davitkov, Darko; Vucicevic, Milos; Stevanovic, Jevrosima; Krstic, Vanja; Slijepcevic, Dajana; Glavinic, Uros; Stanimirovic, Zoran

    2016-06-01

    Equine piroplasmosis is significant tick-borne disease with wide distribution. The prevalence of equine piroplasmosis in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina is unknown. In aim to obtain a first insight into the prevalence we performed molecular epidemiological study which included 142 horses, on seven locations in these three countries. We first performed PCR for the detection of a 450bp long section of the 18S rRNA of piroplasma-specific region. For all positive samples we have done multiplex PCR for the species detection. Species determination was further confirmed by sequencing PCR products of 10 randomly selected Theileria equi and all Babesia caballi samples. The overall prevalence rates in analysed region for T. equi and B. caballi were 22.5% and 2.1%, respectively. Possible risk factors (such as location, age, sex and activity) associated with PCR positivity were evaluated. Marked differences were found in prevalence between geographic areas. There was no significant association between positivity and age group. T. equi was more prevalent in females and farming horses. This is the first report on the molecular survey of T. equi and B. caballi in central Balkan. Further prevalence studies on definitive host and vectors in this region are necessary. PMID:27078657

  4. Sustainable development, clean technology and knowledge from industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sokolović Slobodan M.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Clean technology or clean production is the most important factor for the economic growth of a society and it will play the main role not only in the area of cleaner production, but also in sustainable development. The development of clean technology will be the main factor of the company’s strategy in the future. Each company, which wants to reach the competitive position at the market and wants to be environmentally friendly, has to accept the new approach in corporate management and the strategy of new clean technology. The main principles of clean technology are based on the concept of maximum resource and energy productivity and virtually no waste. This approach may be limited by human resources and the level of their environmental knowledge. Companies are committed to the development of the workers’ skills, and thus to the improvement of the company for the full implementation of the environmental legislation and clean production concept. Based on this commitment, one of Tempus projects is designed to improve the university-enterprise cooperation in the process of creating sustainable industry in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. To achieve this goal, partner universities will create special courses on sustainable industry and thus enhance the lifelong learning process and cooperation between industry and universities in the Western Balkan countries.

  5. The sirac - contribution to the technology knowledge, composition and quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Bijelac

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The Sirac is traditional cheese of Bosnia and Herzegovina, produced in the area of Tomislavgrad town. The taste is mild and moderately salty. It is consumed fresh, immediately upon production, or matured, after ripening. The technology is specific and according to that the Sirac can be classified as acid coagulated cheese. Milk proteins are coagulated by use of high temperature and acidity without adding of rennet. The aim of the work was to investigate traditional technology of the Sirac in small village households and to establish an optimal technology in order to apply it to industrial production. For this purpose, a ten tries in laboratory condition were done. The chemical composition of cheese milk, whey, fresh and ripened cheese was determined. During experiments all steps in technological process were followed. Special attention was paid to temperature and acidity of milk coagulation, draining of whey and pressing. Cheese was sensory evaluated after ripening period. The sensorial quality was good. Average score for all ten cheeses was 18.3 points and 5 samples were classified as extra and 5 as 1st class. The yield ranged from 12.25 to 17.76 % and showed that distribution of components to cheese was high. The analyses of whey confirmed this finding.

  6. Ethnic identity and patriotism as predictors of collective guilt acceptance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niškanović Jelena

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Collective guilt is a group emotion, developed and shared between group members as a result of dealing with past misdeeds committed by members of own group. Collective guilt is associated with restitution, reparation and forgiveness seeking toward victimised group. This paper will examine relationship between ethnic identity and collective guilt acceptance, so we can determine relationship between different levels of ethnic identification and collective guilt acceptance. Also, it will be examined indirect effect of blind and constructive patriotism on relationship of ethnic identification and collective guilt acceptance. Survey was conducted in the context of existing interpretations of past war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, among persons of Serb ethnic group. There is negative relationship between ethnic identity and collective guilt acceptance, indicating that collective guilt is higher for middle identifiers in comparison with low and high identifiers. Blind patriotism has moderate effect between ethnic identity and collective guilt acceptance, with higher level of blind patriotism negative influence of ethnic identity on collective guilt acceptance is stronger. There is indirect effect of constructive patriotism between ethnic identity and collective guilt acceptance with relatively small effect. Given results indicating importance of ethnic identification on developing collective guilt acceptance but only to the certain level which allows dealing with responsibility regarding actions committed by members of own group.

  7. Dental fear and anxiety in older children: an association with parental dental anxiety and effective pain coping strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coric, Anka; Banozic, Adriana; Klaric, Miro; Vukojevic, Katarina; Puljak, Livia

    2014-01-01

    An association between dental fear and anxiety (DFA) has been confirmed for children younger than 8 years, but this association in older children is less clear. The aim of this study was to fill this knowledge gap by studying DFA in older children and their parents with validated measures. This cross-sectional study, conducted at Community Health Centre Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, included 114 children and their parents. DFA, coping, and sociodemographic variables were studied using Corah Dental Anxiety Questionnaire (CDAS), Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS), Dental Cope Questionnaire, and sociodemographic questionnaire. Maternal CDAS scores had significant positive correlation with child DFA measured with CFSS-DS (r=0.35, P<0.001) and CDAS (r=0.32, P<0.001). Fathers' CDAS scores were not associated with child CFSS-DS, but showed a moderate correlation with child CDAS (r=0.19, P<0.05). There were no significant differences in children's fear and anxiety based on age, sex, or socioeconomic variables. Children used internal coping strategies most frequently and external coping strategies were rated by the children as the most effective. We did not find differences in number and type of effective coping strategies in children with high DFA compared with children with low DFA. In conclusion, there is evidence of the coexistence of dental fear in parents and older children. These findings may help to devise interventions that will prevent or alleviate children's DFA. PMID:25187737

  8. ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF THE AUDIT OF OPERATIONS IN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Bogičević

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Considering that in theory andpractice, there are three types of audits (audits offinancial statements, audit of operations and auditreview of compliance with the rules andregulations, this paper focuses on the definition ofaudit operations, which the Republic of Srpska andthe Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina have notenough researched and presented to the public.Since the review of operations represents the typeof audit that examines the organizational unit forevaluating the success of its operations, the focus ison determining the economy, efficiency andeffectiveness (the concept of "3E", pursuant towhich the auditor becomes aware that the observedorganizational unit operated in a given time period.In this regard, the audit of operations can beobserved in the private and public sector, which isthe focus of research in this paper. In addition, thispaper particularly explains the characteristics andthe nature and methods of audit of operations. Theprimary objective of this paper is the evaluationand improvement of economy, efficiency andeffectiveness in the private and public sectors,through operations audit approach.

  9. FREE TRADE AND REGULATORY PROTECIONISM: NECESSITY, RELEVANCE AND INSTRUMENTS OF REGULATORY LIBERALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nenad Pandurević

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In spite of strong resistence,international trade becomes frier of any kind ofbarriers. Both by multilateral and regional andbilateral preferencial trade arrangements, tariffs asmost direct barrier to free trade have been alreadyeliminated on most products or considerablylowered there where they exist. Non-tariff barriersare, as a rule, directly in contrast to rules andprinciples of international trade and as such theyare subject to continuous surveillance andelimination. In such situation, technical barriers, ortehnical regulations and standards as well asproduct conformity assessement remain a centralbarrier to international trade. Although tehnicalregulations are about making market moreefficient, they also create additional costs tointernational trade. However, contrary to otherbarriers to trade, their elimination is not possible incontemporary state of international political andeconomic relations. Thus, diminishing theirnegative impact is one of the greatest challenges ininternational trade.By free trade agreements with countries fromthe region, EU and Turkey, Bosnia andHerzegovina liberalised most of its internationalexchange in form of elimination or reduction oftarriffs and quantitative restrictions on mostproducts. However, due to nonconformity oftechnical regulations as well as inadequateinfrastructure in this field, in the first place withEuropean requirements, BiH has not yet realisedall potential deriving form free trade.

  10. Power system dynamics during islanding and reconnection of power system of Croatia and BiH to the UCTE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stojsavljevic, M.; Nemec, D.; Roksandic, Z. [Energy Inst. Ltd., Zagreb (Croatia); Toljan, I.; Ivankovic, I.; Radie, S. [Croatian Electricity Utility, Zagreb (Croatia)

    2007-07-01

    This paper described some of the many technical issues that had to be resolved when two UCTE synchronous zones were reconnected in October 2004. The Croatian electricity utility (HEP) was responsible for arranging the proper phase sequence alignment at the interface between the Croatian power system and the UCTE network. This paper discussed the challenges and risks involved in this task and examined the dynamic behaviour of the Croatian power system during transients caused by switching the major tie lines on and off between the Croatia power system and UCTE, as well as during separation of power systems of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The paper presented the system operation requirements and dynamic simulation model data. It also discussed the organization of measurement and monitoring of system dynamics. It was concluded that the proposed measuring and recording scheme was successfully applied for capturing system-wide dynamics but it was no substitute for a proper wide-area measurement system. 4 refs., 1 tab., 5 figs.

  11. Energy in the western Balkans - the path to reform and reconstruction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-06-15

    The Western Balkans - composed of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo - is a complex region facing significant energy challenges. The conflicts over the break-up of the former Yugoslavia damaged much of the energy infrastructure and compounded the challenge of providing reliable energy supply. Electricity systems in many parts of the region remain fragile and in need of investment. A priority across the region is to put into place the institutions, infrastructure and policies that can support the provision of reliable, affordable and sustainable energy. For the Western Balkans as a whole, a key element of the reform effort is the Energy Community Treaty - a regulatory and market framework to which the entire region has now subscribed. This Treaty aims to create an integrated regional market for electricity and gas compatible with the European Union's internal energy market. This Energy Policy Survey is the first comprehensive review of energy policies and strategies in the Western Balkan region, and also covers important cross-cutting topics such as co-operation and energy trade, oil and gas transportation, and the links between energy and poverty. It identifies and assesses the reforms that are still needed to deliver efficient, modernised energy systems that can assist economic development, address energy poverty and reduce the environmental impacts of energy use.

  12. Bilateral Trade and SEE–Eurozone Countries Growth Rate Alignment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerija Botrić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to explore the role of trade in aligning the synchronisation patterns between the South Eastern European (see countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, FYR of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia – and members of the euro area. More precisely, we investigate whether bilateral trade flows affect output synchronisation between the euro area countries and see countries and compare trade-synchronisation patterns between the see countries and new member states that have not yet introduced the euro (NMS. The results show that the levels of output similarities between the see countries and NMS are different and that the see countries exhibit lower output correlation with the euro area members than the NMS. Exploring the role of trade in aligning growth patterns has in some cases found positive effects, much stronger for the see countries, which have lower trade intensity levels. We argue that the reason for these results is related to the fact that other factors could be dominant in the NMS countries (policy measures alignment within the EU, while for the see countries only trade relationships had the opportunity to exert noticeable effects in the analysed period.

  13. CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF BOSNIAN AND HERZEGOVINIAN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adisa Delić

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The technological revolution (especially in the field of information and communications technology and globalization are the key factors in shaping the new competitive landscape which is characterized by hypercompetition, increasing consumer demands and increasing demands for innovation, knowledge and learning. Modern enterprises along with the emerging business environment must appropriately adjust, and one of the preconditions for their successful adaptation is also the choice of an appropriate organizational design. Organizational structure, as the most important element of organizational design, is there today to provide companies with propulsion of internal and external borders. Consequently, the analysis of recent trends in the design of the organization in the context of adapting the enterprise global dynamic environment is one of the goals of this paper. In addition, this study will also include the results of the empirical study whose purpose was, among other things, the identification and analysis of the dominant type of organizational structure of the enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The results of this research will demonstrate the extent to which the structure of these companies is in accordance with the new trends in the field of organization.

  14. Business regulation and economic growth in the Western Balkan countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engjell PERE

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Actually economic policies in many countries aimed to stimulate their economic growth, particularly after negative impact of the global economic crisis. In this regards, fiscal regulation are an important aspect of those policies, that can promote or obstacle the economic growth in general. In this point of view this paper aims to analyze the system of administration rules in different Western Balkans Countries, (which includes Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia (FYROM, Montenegro and Serbia. Moreover, a special attention is given investigation of the regulation and administrative facilitation aspects of doing business in the above-mentioned countries, whether this system stimulates, or not, the development of private business and economic growth.The paper is divided into three main sections. The first part provides a retrospective of economic growth in the Western Balkan countries and the dependence of this growth on global economic development. The second part proceeds with the investigations of the impact of administrative regulation on economic growth. The third part, based on an econometric model, will analyze the correlation between economic growth and elaborated indicators which present the level of business administrative regulation system. Furthermore, this last section discusses the results and concludes. In this analysis, the paper is based substantially on the data base of "Doing Business 2013" (World Bank.

  15. Benchmarking an operational procedure for rapid flood mapping and risk assessment in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dottori, Francesco; Salamon, Peter; Kalas, Milan; Bianchi, Alessandra; Feyen, Luc

    2016-04-01

    The development of real-time methods for rapid flood mapping and risk assessment is crucial to improve emergency response and mitigate flood impacts. This work describes the benchmarking of an operational procedure for rapid flood risk assessment based on the flood predictions issued by the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS). The daily forecasts produced for the major European river networks are translated into event-based flood hazard maps using a large map catalogue derived from high-resolution hydrodynamic simulations, based on the hydro-meteorological dataset of EFAS. Flood hazard maps are then combined with exposure and vulnerability information, and the impacts of the forecasted flood events are evaluated in near real-time in terms of flood prone areas, potential economic damage, affected population, infrastructures and cities. An extensive testing of the operational procedure is carried out using the catastrophic floods of May 2014 in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. The reliability of the flood mapping methodology is tested against satellite-derived flood footprints, while ground-based estimations of economic damage and affected population is compared against modelled estimates. We evaluated the skill of flood hazard and risk estimations derived from EFAS flood forecasts with different lead times and combinations. The assessment includes a comparison of several alternative approaches to produce and present the information content, in order to meet the requests of EFAS users. The tests provided good results and showed the potential of the developed real-time operational procedure in helping emergency response and management.

  16. Climate Data Homogenization and its Impact on Heatwave Changes in the Eastern Mediterranean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuglitsch, F. G.; Toreti, A.; Xoplaki, E.; Della-Marta, P. M.; Zerefos, C. S.; Turkes, M.; Luterbacher, J.

    2010-12-01

    Heatwaves have discernible impacts on mortality and morbidity, infrastructure, agricultural resources, the retail industry, ecosystem and tourism and consequently affect human societies. A new definition of socially relevant heatwaves is presented and applied to new data sets of high-quality homogenized daily maximum and minimum summer air temperature series from 246 stations in the eastern Mediterranean region (including Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey). Changes in heatwave number, length and intensity between 1960 and 2006 are quantified before and after data homogenization. Daily temperature homogeneity analyses suggest that many instrumental measurements in the 1960s are warm-biased, correcting for these biases regionally averaged heatwave trends are up to 8% higher. We find significant changes across the western Balkans, southwestern and western Turkey, and along the southern Black Sea coastline. Since the 1960s, the mean heatwave intensity, heatwave length and heatwave number across the eastern Mediterranean region have increased by a factor of 7.6 ± 1.3, 7.5 ± 1.3 and 6.2 ± 1.1, respectively. These findings suggest that the heatwave increase in this region is higher than previously reported.

  17. Morphological and Biochemical Diversity of Dalmatian Pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Trevir. Sch. Bip.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Grdiša

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Dalmatian pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium /Trevir./ Sch. Bip. is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. It is endemic to the East coast of the Adriatic Sea and its natural habitat extends from Italy to northern Albania and up in the mountainous regions of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro. Pyrethrum flowers yield an important insecticide, the pyrethrin. Pyrethrin is mainly concentrated in oil glands on the surface of the seed inside the tightly packed flower head, but they can also be found in the other plant parts, however in much lower concentrations. The pyrethrin exist as a combination of six insecticide active ingredients: pyrethrin I, cinerin I, jasmolin I, pyrethrin II, cinerin II and jasmolin II, with pyrethrin I and pyrethrin II present in higher concentrations. Pyrethrin is non-toxic to mammals and other worm-blooded animals, it is unstable in light, oxygen, water and at elevated temperatures and therefore highly biodegradable. Due to the fact it is environmentally safe it is leading insecticide in organic farming systems. The most scientific work concerning Dalmatian pyrethrum was focused on its morphological and biochemical traits that are relevant in breeding. Breeding programmes are primarily focused on increasing the yield of pyrethrin per unit area. Relative to dry flower weight, flower heads contain the majority of the pyrethrin. Croatian wild populations contain approximately 0.60 to 0.79 %, while clones in breeding programmes of Australia and Kenya contain up to 3.0 % of pyrethrin.

  18. Financial services liberalization and international integration in South Eastern Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prica Ivana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The first part of this paper analyses the regulatory framework for international trade in financial services within the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO, with special attention paid to the open issues including the scope of prudential measures and capital mobility limitations. The process of the international integration of the South Eastern Europe (SEE countries is mainly dictated by their goal of EU integration. With regard to the services' sectors, a major liberalization step on the way is WTO accession. Of the countries in the region only Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro are still not WTO members and in order to become members significant liberalization commitments will be demanded of them. For this reason the second part of the paper deals with concrete financial liberalization commitments undertaken by the original WTO members in SEE and the newly WTO acceded SEE member countries. The last part of the paper provides a quantitative analysis of these commitments by means of the measurement of liberalization indices in the banking sectors in SEE countries. This is to provide a general idea of the scope of liberalization that may be required from a SEE country in order to achieve WTO membership on the road to EU integration.

  19. FINANCIAL LITERACY AND RESULTANT STABILITY OF THE FINANCIAL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novo Plakalović

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the author of this paper isto show the relationship between the level of financialresponsibility of individuals and of companymanagers and the stability of financial markets, assetmarkets and the stability of the financial system as awhole. In Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H after the1992-1995 conflict, there was a large influx offunding into the local economy both from the fields ofFDI (Foreign Direct Investment and bilateral andunilateral aid. Many people in BH were keen toaccess loans in a seemingly cash-rich economy, butwere ill-prepared in the fields of financial borrowingand handling debt properly. Subsequently theyexperienced difficulties in servicing obligations andthe loan portfolio of banks has deteriorated. Thus theonset of the financial crisis has brought somethingpositive. Borrowing in B&H dropped, but problemsservicing existing loans rose. The situation has notyet become problematic but banking sector shortfallstend to manifest themselves between 12-18 monthsafter the event. The author believes that a moreserious approach to financial responsibility at microlevelsis necessary for the national economic good.

  20. Misunderstanding the Other and Shy Signs of Openness: Discourse on the 1992-1995 War in the Current Bosniak and Bosnian Serb Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Janíčko

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with how the 1990s civil war in Bosnia and Herzegovina was represented in the media that currently remain influential among Bosniaks and Bosnian Serbs. Critical discourse analysis is used both as a theoretical approach to discourse and as a methodological tool for its study. In the analysis, the civil war discourse in Bosniak and Bosnian Serb media is represented by two daily newspapers on each side. The analysis reveals mutually incompatible representations of the causes and nature of the war, the prevailing absence of dialogue, and the unwillingness of each side to consider the other side’s war victims. Looking at more specific topics, a number of discourses are identified on both sides, among which some present the potential for dialogue with alternative representations. The discourses are interpreted through Bosniak and Bosnian Serb nationalist ideologies. The findings might support further research on the relation between the media and nationalism and on the ongoing Bosnian political dispute concerning the desired nature of the state.