WorldWideScience

Sample records for bosnia and herzegovina

  1. Autochthonous cheeses of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Zlatan Sarić; Sonja Bijeljac

    2003-01-01

    Despite the migration of people towards cities, autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina survived. Technologies of these cheeses are simple and adapted to humble mountain limitations. Geographical occasions and rich mountain pastures created a certain participation of ewe's milk cheeses. Communicative isolation of hilly-mountain regions resulted in "closed" cheese production in small households. Autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina have various origins. Different cheeses are...

  2. Autochthonous cheeses of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatan Sarić

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite the migration of people towards cities, autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina survived. Technologies of these cheeses are simple and adapted to humble mountain limitations. Geographical occasions and rich mountain pastures created a certain participation of ewe's milk cheeses. Communicative isolation of hilly-mountain regions resulted in "closed" cheese production in small households. Autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina have various origins. Different cheeses are produced in different parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are : Travnički cheese, Masni (fat cheese, Presukača, Sirac, Livanjski cheese, Posni (lean cheese, "Suvi" (dry cheese or "Mješinski" full fat cheese matured in sheepskin bag, fresh sour milk cheese "Kiseli" and dried sour milk cheese "Kiseli", Zajednica, Basa, Kalenderovački cheese and goat's milk cheeses (Hard and White soft goat's milk cheese, "Zarica" and Urda. Besides above-mentioned types of cheese in Bosnia and Herzegovina some other autochthonous dairy products are produced: Kajmak (Cream, Maslo (Rendered butter and Zimsko kiselo mlijeko (Winter sour milk. The specificity in Bosnia and Herzegovina is that autochthonous dairy products are still mainly both produced and consumed in small rural households. Exceptions are Travnički cheese and Kajmak that are significantly sold at market. Only Livanjski cheese is manufactured as industry dairy product.

  3. Assessing Microfinance: The Bosnia and Herzegovina Case

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    AnneWelle-Strand

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Microfinance is often hailed both as a tool for fighting poverty and as atool for post-conflict reconciliation. This paper explores the use of microfinancein post-civil war Bosnia and Herzegovina, assessing its resultsin terms of both goals. As it combined high unemployment witha highly educated population in an institutionally open context, Bosniaand Herzegovina provides a crucial test of the effect of microfinance. Ifunambiguous signs of success cannot be found in a case with such favorableconditions, this would raise serious questions about the potentialbenefits of microfinance. The paper draws together evidence froma series of independent reviews of microfinance in Bosnia and Herzegovina,to assess its impact in terms of economic performance, theeconomic system, social welfare and post-conflict integration. Basedon this case study, microfinance appears a better tool for dealing withpoverty than with social integration or institution building.

  4. CORPORATE RISK REPORTING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Corporate reporting in Bosnia and Herzegovina is traditionally focused on meeting the legislation frame for the financial reporting. Changes in business environment influence on business perspective of doing business but also on decision making process for wide range of corporate stakeholders. All the matters aforesaid contribute to the necessary changes in traditional financial reporting. Risk reporting is only a first step of corporate reporting process improvement. The institutional frames...

  5. A short history of medical informatics in bosnia and herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2014-02-01

    The health informatics profession in Bosnia and Herzegovina has relatively long history. Thirty five years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data, thirty years from the establishment of Society for Medical Informatics BiH, twenty years from the establishment of the Scientific journal "Acta Informatica Medica (Acta Inform Med", indexed in PubMed, PubMed Central Scopus, Embase, etc.), twenty years on from the establishment of the first Cathedra for Medical Informatics on Biomedical Faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina, ten years on from the introduction of the method of "Distance learning" in medical curriculum. The author of this article is eager to mark the importance of the above mentioned Anniversaries in the development of Health informatics in Bosnia and Herzegovina and have attempted, very briefly, to present the most significant events and persons with essential roles throughout this period.

  6. Phillips and Wage Curves: Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Edo Omerčević

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is an empirical examination of the existence and characteristics of the Phillips curve and the wage curve in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The findings indicate that there is no evidence of the existence of the short-term Phillips curve. Instead, the data suggests that in the short-term an increase in inflation leads to an increase in unemployment. The estimated wage curves indicate that only increases in real payment increase employment. The conclusion of this study is that increases in inflation might have a negative short-term impact on the level of employment in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  7. Security and Intelligence Services in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Lučić, Ivo

    2000-01-01

    The author chronicles the history of the security-intelligence system of Bosnia and Herzegovina. He deals with the beginnings of the services' activities, the laws and regulations passed during the past 55 years, and the key political processes and events which influenced the development of the security-intelligence system and society as a whole. He also discusses the conditions and background under which the socialist security system collapsed at the onset of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovin...

  8. NATO Membership for Bosnia and Herzegovina: Obstacles and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    Cell PfP Partnership for Peace PPBES Planning, Programming and Budgeting Execution System RS Republika Srpska SDR Strategic Defense...weak central state with two relatively strong entities: 1) the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and 2) the Republika Srpska (RS). Bosnia...time was the illegal export by Republika Srpska of arms technology to Iraq in August 2002, more commonly known as the Orao affair.140 The public and

  9. Islamist Terrorist Networks in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    20Embargo.htm (accessed April 10, 2009). 27 Rabia Ali and Lawrence Lifschultz, “Why Bosnia?” Third World Quarterly 15, no. 3 (September 1994), 369. http...Economic Growth. (June 1996). Ali, Rabia and Lawrence Lifschultz. “Why Bosnia?” Third World Quarterly 15, no. 3 (September 1994). http://www.jstor.org

  10. [Development of ophthalmology in Bosnia and Herzegovina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masić, Izet; Alikadić-Husović, Amila; Milanović-Eichberger, Ljiljana

    2008-01-01

    Organized health services in Bosnia and Herzegovina started with the foundation of several vakuf hospitals (in Sarajevo, Tuzla, Banja Luka, Mostar and Travnik) financed by the fund of the Gazi Husrev-beg vakuf. In these hospitals services was provided by the qualified health professionals, mainly educated at the schools of medicine in Turkey, Italy, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland and other countries. Majority of them worked as civil and military physicians in the above mentioned vakuf hospitals, but also in the Turkey army hospitals situated in the all larger settlements in Bosnia and Herzegovina. During the period when B&H was managed by the Turkey and Austro-Hungarian empire there was no specialized ophthalmology services. During the Austro-Hungarian management there was a Surgical-oculist department within the Land Hospital in Sarajevo, which treated 4.47% of patients with eye diseases, among total number of in-patients, and according to the health service at the end of year 1900, during that year there there was 3238 general surgeries and 633 ophthalmology surgeries performed. In the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, beside establishment of the independent Eye department within the General State hospital in Sarajevo, in1923, also started development of the ophthalmology service within Surgical Department in Mostar, which was lead in 1929 by the ophthalmologist, and which grew in 1931 into independent Eye Department, as the second of that type in B&H. Specialized ophthalmology service in Banja Luka started to develop within the Surgery Department in 1931, and independent Eye Department was founded in 1945. Medical Faculty in Sarajevo was founded on 16th November 1946. Also on founded on the same day is the Eye Clinic, and appointed as its first director was Professor Vladimir Cavka MD., one of the first full time professors of the Medical Faculty in Sarajevo, founder of the Peoples society of B&H (Academy of Sciences and Arts of B&H) and the magazine, Medicinski arhiv

  11. INTERNET FINANCIAL REPORTING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Zaimović Tarik

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Using the Internet as a communication channel between a company and its stakeholders is a norm in today's economy, and the Web-based company reports have long replaced traditional forms of corporate reporting. Most investors base their entire first impression of a company on information available on its Web page, and often, an entire initial performance assessment is based on data available on-line. Internet Financial Reporting (IFR, in its broadest form, has become one of the pivotal factors in effective functioning of capital markets. Building on earlier studies, we analyzed the IFR practices of companies traded on two stock exchanges in Bosnia and Herzegovina by estimating multiple regressions separately for both stock exchanges. Our findings clearly show that voluntary disclosure of reports and other forms of company information for analyzed companies is still simplistic. Furthermore, our estimations revealed that profitability measured by return on equity and market activity represented by share turnover significantly affect the IFR index for companies traded on the Banja Luka Stock Exchange (BLSE; with companies traded on the Sarajevo Stock Exchange (SASE, size measured by total asset, as well as market activity measured by share turnover, have a positive effect on the IFR index. On both stock exchanges, companies from the financial industry have on average higher IFR scores than other companies. With respect to expanding earlier studies, this study used an extended sample for Bosnian and Herzegovinian assessments, and as a result, observed additional factors related to the Internet Financial Reporting practices of companies traded on two stock markets in BiH

  12. Potential Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources for Electicity Generation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Fajik Begić

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Along with the current processes of restructuring of Energy power system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, liberalisation of the electricity market, and modernisation of the existing power plants, Bosnia and Herzegovina must turn to the utilisation of renewable resources in reasonable dynamics as well. Respecting this policy, the initial evaluation of the potential of renewable energy resources in Bosnia and Herzegovina is performed. The methodology of evaluation of wind energy utilisation is presented in this paper, as well as some other aspects of utilisation of the renewable energy resources in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Implementation of selected projects should improve sustainability of energy power production in Bosnia and Herzegovina, by reducing the total emission of carbon dioxide originated from energy power system of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  13. FINANCIAL SOUNDNESS INDICATORS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BANKING SECTOR

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    Kemal Kozaric

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to research financial soundness indicators in Bosnia and Herzegovina banking sector, their interconnections, causality and influenced factors. Therefore the subjects of analysis are core financial indicators. For that purposes data from International Monetary Fund for period 2008 – 2013th as well as data from state agencies and central bank were used. In order to gain research goal different scientific methods were used. Therefore, correlation and regression analysis were employed in order to reveal connectivity and causality between those factors. Results have shown that banks in Bosnia and Herzegovina still have to pay attention on non-performing loans as one of the main threats to their liquidity and stability.

  14. Islamism and Security in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    democracy. 12 Wahhabis. One mujahideen leader predicted in 1996 that “[f]oreign fighters will not be a problem for Bosnia. They will move on. But we...Islamism or Muslim dominance, this move is unlikely to succeed and may only increase opposition to NATO. Bosnia’s eventual NATO membership would raise...May 12, 2010. 51. “Bosna Bank International Holds Annual Board Meeting in Dubai ,” available from www.ameinfo.com, December 19, 2012. BBI

  15. PROLEGOMENA TO INTELLIGENCE STUDIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Maid Pajević

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of the academic field of inquiry known as intelligence studies. After noting the historical and global context, the paper observes at the development of intelligence studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It argues that for intelligence studies discipline to make advancements like those seen in other academic disciplines, it needs to adhere to the scientific method of inquiry, which is, after all, the hallmark of scholarly inquires.

  16. PROLEGOMENA TO INTELLIGENCE STUDIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Maid Pajević

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the development of the academic field of inquiry known as intelligence studies. After noting the historical and global context, the paper observes at the development of intelligence studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It argues that for intelligence studies discipline to make advancements like those seen in other academic disciplines, it needs to adhere to the scientific method of inquiry, which is, after all, the hallmark of scholarly inquires.

  17. Biomass as energy resource of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gvero, P. (University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Banja Luka (Bosnia and Herzegowina)); Petrovic, S. (IGT R and D Centre for Gas Technology, Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina)); Ballard Tremeer, G. (ECO Ltd., London (United Kingdom)); Maslac, S. (UNDP, Banja Luka Office (Bosnia and Herzegowina))

    2007-07-01

    The production, harvesting and processing of timber is one of the country's oldest economic activities, and has a major strategic importance for the country's economic development, especially in post war period. Some statistical estimations shows that the wood export value within the total Bosnia and Herzegovina export value is probably in order of 15%. It is further estimated that 15% of the total population receives its livelihood through the activities in forestry and forest industry. Sustainable development of the present and future energy systems has to be based on two strategies: energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. Bosnia and Herzegovina thanking to great hydro potential, biomass, geothermal energy etc. belongs to the list of the countries which will development of energy sector mainly based on renewable energy sources. In a present period biomass plays significant role in households and wood processing industry sectors. Bosnia and Herzegovina has large biomass resources: the growing stock is equivalent to 7.44 x 106 m3 of wood giving an annual sustainable production volume of about 4.43 x 106 m3. Because of large potential of biomass, this energy source will play more important role in whole energy sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This paper gives some data regarding to biomass energy potential collected from different sources in Republic of Srpska and Federation of B and H as consisting parts of the Bosnia and Herzegovina and recouped on one place. This paper also gives short analysis of potential biomass resource use. There are a lot of large industrial energy systems in the Country, mainly in wood processing industry, which was passed through privatization process in last couple years. Now, new owners of this mainly to large capacities for them, looking for the chances in ESCO business, electricity production, district heating systems. This paper gives short analysis of potential cogeneration systems based on biomass. Some analysis

  18. DIVIDEND POLICY OF PUBLIC COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ante Dzidic

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides insight in dividend policy of publicly listed companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina and investigates appearance of dividend smoothing behavior. The results show increase in portion of dividend paying companies over time while dividend smoothing phenomenon is virtually non-existent. On the other hand, when companies decide to pay dividends they, on average, distribute high portion of profit to shareholders. The paper also provides discussion about capital market development, investor protection and ownership concentration as potential factors affecting importance of dividend payouts. Research results indicate that insufficiently developed capital market characterized with low investor protection and concentrated ownership structure undermine the importance of dividend smoothing practices.

  19. Sustainable tourism chance for development Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Lugonja Aleksandar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina is reach in many resources such as geographical position, climate, nature. Neither its government nor its people realize the huge potential and possible benefits that tourism can bring about helping them to prosper economically. Tourism is playing more and more important role in national and local economies. There is no evidence that this trend will decline. Visitors can significantly contribute to the local and national economy and the economic multiplier effect of this spend, in turn, supports employment and secondary tourist facilities. Similarly, in the determination of future proposals that could impact on the setting, character and appearance of its potentials, special care is needed by planners and promoters to assess its potential. The key to the sustainable approach to tourism and the cultural heritage is the preparation of appropriate master plan that takes into account the identified overall effects in order to guide the course of development in a way that protects those very resources that attract visitors and that does not cause in the short, medium and long term any reduction in their character or appearance. In the present tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is at a low level of development and international competitiveness, but according to projections UNWTO, and in accordance with the "Vision for Tourism to 2020 years", should that become a strategic economic sector in the coming period which will contribute to economic prosperity, economic growth and development of national economy.

  20. Characteristics of Patients Involved in Psychotherapy in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Sabina Alispahić

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of Bosnian and Herzegovinian patients involved in psychotherapeutic treatments in order to explore the current situation of psychotherapy in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: The study included 213 patients (154 women and 47 men undergoing diverse psychotherapeutic treatments. Data about demographic and clinical characteristics were collected by questionnaire. Following characteristics were documented: age, sex, education, employment status, marital status, specific problem that got the client involved in psychotherapy, type of psychotherapy, and use of psychopharmacology.Results: Majority of the patients undergoing psychotherapy are age up to 40 and female. They are by vast majority holding a university degree and are employed. Nearly equal number of patients is living in partnership or marriage compared to single or never been married. Most frequent reasons for getting involved in the psychotherapy treatment are of the intrapersonal nature (depression, anxiety and panic attacks. Majority of the patients were involved in gestalt and cognitive behavioral psychotherapy, and at the same time majority of those were not prescribed medicaments.Conclusions: We point out and overview some of the most prominent socio-demographic traits of patients undergoing psychotherapy, the ones that could be important in the future research with the higher degree of control. In the terms of personal initiative, psychotherapy stops being a taboo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, there is still a long path until it reaches integration in daily life of the people.

  1. POSITION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA ON THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET

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    Dijana Grahovac

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Intensification of internationaltrade forced states to address the foreign policyissues in the field of international economiccooperation. In contemporary world economy andimpacts of globalization, trade should be the engineof economic development. The national economy islosing, in exchange for a higher standard. This is,of course, in planetary terms, and every state andeconomy is to fight for its position in theinternational market. How to use the modern trendsof the global economy for the economicdevelopment of Bosnia and Herzegovina? Successis possible only by a combination of opportunitiesoffered by global markets, and strategy of nationaleconomic policy for achieving macroeconomicstability by strengthening the factors of economicgrowth based on the growth of production forexport. Issues related to foreign trade deficitrequire creating an institutional environment fordiversified and competitive export sector, throughthe process of the structural reforms and marketliberalization. The authorities in Bosnia andHerzegovina must act through foreign trade andmacroeconomic policies in the country towardseconomic growth, price stability, to reduce thetrade deficit and revive the economy, whosesubjects will be able to know and equallyparticipate in market competition within the EU.Within the foreign policy great emphasis should beplaced on avoiding or at least mitigating thenegative effects of trade liberalization process, aswell as the compulsory process. Liberalizationincreases the gap between the rich and the poor,and certainly it can be transmitted on a globallevel, where there is always a possibility that theglobal open trade marginalizes each state.

  2. Caries prevalence of children and adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nina Markovic

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study was to present epidemiological parameters of caries prevalence in children and adolescents in index age groups on a national and regional level in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH. Materials and methods. The study was conducted during 2004 year for children aged 6 and 12, and during 2007 for adolescents aged 15. An oral health survey was performed on a total number of 1,240 children and adolescents in line with World Health Organization methodology and criteria. Results for caries prevalence and treatment needs were presented and discussed in this paper. Results. Mean dmft (decay, missing, filled teeth for primary dentition for children aged six was 6.7 (SD±3.9 in that the decayed teeth constituted the major part of the index (88.8%, followed by extracted teeth (8.9% and a small percentage of filled teeth (2.3%. In 12-year-olds DMFT (Decay, Missing, Filled Teeth for permanent dentition was 4.2 (SD±2.9, Significant Caries index (SiC was 7.7 (SD±2.9, the decayed teeth constituted the major part of the index (45.4%, followed by 42.1% of FT and 12.5% of extracted teeth. Among 15-year-olds the DMFT was 7.6 (SD±4.1, SiC was 9.2 (SD±1.2, and filled teeth constituted the major part of the index. Conclusion. The present study provides some evidence of relatively high caries prevalence and severity in comparison with Western European countries. It is necessary to devote more attention to the oral health of children and adolescents. Community based oral health promotion, preventive programs and preventive oriented public dental health care services should be made available and accessible to all children in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  3. Avian chlamydiosis in turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Šatrović E.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Chlamydiosis is a contagious disease of birds, mammals, reptiles and humans. So far it was demonstrated in 469 species of birds and among them, turkeys are the most susceptible domestic poultry species. The disease appears in epizootic form in intensive turkey farming. Since commercial poultry rearing is under-developed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, our investigation was based on extensively reared turkeys. Cloacal and oropharyngeal swabs were taken from 26 birds and infection was proven by common chlamydial LPS antigen detection tests (IDEIA and CW. We have used rRT-PCR technique targeting chlamydial ompA gene region in order to prove Chlamydia species. Five birds, (19.2% were found positive as judged by IDEIA and CW tests. Among them one was positive Cp. psittaci speciesspecific rRT-PCR, ompA gene.

  4. Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Renewable energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-01-15

    The Agency for International Business and Cooperation of the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs (EVD) has contracted Larive Serbia to conduct a market survey about Western Balkan's Renewable Energy market, with attention limited to Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. After the survey has been conducted according to the ToR No 80MVK13 published by EVD, Larive Serbia presents this market study as the summary of the results obtained by the survey. The survey was intended to identify the market of the four sources of renewable energy (wind energy, bio energy, hydro energy and thermal energy) in Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and derive concrete business opportunities and prospects for Dutch trade and industry. Favorable terms for providing consultancy and engineering services, as well as production of the equipment used in the renewable energy sector were also to be identified. Specific development potential of each country included in the survey was to be provided as a mean of support to possible future market players originating from the Netherlands. Cross-border projects undertaken among the three countries themselves and with neighboring countries were to be included as well. The methodology used for preparing the study included gathering information from public sources, drafting primary version of the study and hypothesis, conducting in-depth interviews, and drafting the final version of the study and supporting hypothesis. As defined in the ToR of the study, first generation bio-fuels have not been included in the scope. In order to present situation in the RES sector objectively, investments based on these were mentioned. The statistical data were used to support and clarify the written information provided. Comparable and reliable data on the renewable energy sources for Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina are rather scarce, while methodologies applied in national statistics are not in line with EUROSTAT. Additionally, international

  5. PERSPECTIVES OF BASEL III: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Emira Kozarević

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The latest Basel Accord, which relies on the New Capital Accord (i.e. Basel II and whose basic goals have been, from a normative standpoint, enhancing the banking sector’s ability to absorb the losses arising from economic distresses like the global financial crisis (2007-2009, improving risk management and governance, and strengthening the bank's transparency and disclosures, operationally emphasises the need to improve the quality and quantity of capital components, liquidity standards, and leverage ratio. The implementation of the Accord in developed economies started at the beginning of 2013 and the overall transition period from the Basel II framework should end by the year 2019. But as far as emerging economies are concerned, there are several issues on the road of implementation, such as necessary (technical skills and expertise of bank staff as well as their supervisory institutions, sophisticated internal rating mechanisms and capacity, significant amount of new information and recordkeeping, etc. This paper discusses real and potential effects of Basel III in both developed and emerging economies. A special emphasis is given to the banking sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina

  6. MIDDLE TRIASSIC AUTOCLASTIC DEPOSITS FROM SOUTHWESTERN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Duje Smirčić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Middle Triassic volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks have been recognized at several localities near Bosansko Grahovo, in southwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the External Dinarides. Peculiar types of autoclastic rocks were investigated. These are peperites and hyaloclastites. Regarding specific structures, mineral composition and micropetrographic characteristics it was possible to further differentiate hyaloclastites into in situ hyaloclastites and slightly resedimented hyaloclastites that represent genetic succession. All rock types occurred in a deep sea troughs that formed as a consequence of Middle Triassic extensional tectonic and rift related wrench faulting. In situ hyaloclastites and slightly resedimented hyaloclastites were formed due to quenching at the contact of lava effusions with sea water. Genesis of peperites is related to lava emplacement in unconsolidated water saturated lime mudstones that were deposited in deep sea basin. All investigated rock types represent first findings of autoclastic deposits in the External Dinarides. Biostratigraphic constraints achieved by means of conodont species Neogondolella excentrica, Paragondolella excelsa, Paragondolella trammeri and Gladigondolella tethydis indicate Late Anisian to Early Ladinian interval of the autoclastic deposits from Bosansko Grahovo.

  7. Effects of the Washington Consensus on the Macroeconomic Stability of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Kasumović Merim

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available With regard to the specific situation and problems in Bosnia and Herzegovina this paper will analyse the effects caused by adhering to the rules of the Washington Consensus, and thus will determine to which extent they have influenced the stability of the macroeconomic indicators in Bosnia and Herzegovina and will explain how the rules affect the stability of macroeconomic indicators of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main thesis of the Washington Consensus is that by following the measures of the same the macroeconomic situation in the country becomes more stabilised. However, stabilization often cannot sustain in the long term and this situation in the economy can be regarded as quasi-macroeconomic stability.

  8. APLICATION OF GRAVITY MODEL FOR ANALYSIS OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA EXPORT

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    Vladan Nastić

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available During the last two decades, the gravity model has become very popular in analysis of bilateral trade, regardless of the real limitations of econometrics methods in estimation of model parameters. In this research we analyzed Bosnia and Herzegovina export in period from 2002 to 2011, using gravity model of trade. Gravity model is constructed on the basis of experience from previous empirical and theoretical research, and on the basis of achieved exports results of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The resulting gravity model of exports is used as the basis for the analysis of potential export growth opportunities and identifying potential markets which are not fully utilized. At the same time we got information about the risk of a possible reduction of exports in some countries. Research results should be used as the basis for the adjustment measures of foreign trade policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in order to use the potential export indicated by this analysis.

  9. Perceptions towards IT Security in Online Banking: Croatian Clients vs. Clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nedim Makarevic

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has been completed with a purpose to analyze and compare perceptions of clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina and those of Croatian clients about IT security in online banking, to provide insight into similarities and differences of their view points and to create important set of information for all subjects active in banking industry. Once the survey based on six variables and specific questions assigned to each one of those variables was prepared, results regarding both countries were collected and concluded. Survey was completed in both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia at high response rates. Even 207 respondents replied from Bosnia and Herzegovina, while 203 respondents completed survey from Croatia. Results were analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics. Results indicated that Croatian e-banking users trust to banks when it comes to IT security of online banking much more compared to clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is important to mention that clients of Croatia perceive tangible features as highly significant while Bosnian clients do not perceive tangible features that much important. This proved that Croatian clients are aware of potential security threats and they know their part of responsibility when it comes to handling money online. On the other hand, results from Bosnia and Herzegovina indicated that Bosnian clients have lack of trust in online banking, and lack of awareness about personal tangible aspects that can improve security of personal online banking experience. The main limitation of this study is relatively small sample and too generic approach. Therefore, this study may be perceived as a pilot study for future researchers. The study’s results may be of interest to marketers and managers of banks operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia to learn more about their clients’ perceptions towards their e-banking services.

  10. How to encourage the financing of infrastructure building in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

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    Zeljko Maric

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Within the context of WEF competitiveness measurement for 2009/10, Bosnia and Herzegovina was the worst evaluated country in the region of Southeast Europe. The infrastructure quality, as one of the basic requirements, has had the lowest rank and it is one of the main reasons for very low B&H competitiveness. It means that the one of the main ways for competitiveness increment is investing into infrastructure building. This paper analyses which financing way for infrastructure building is optimal in the conditions of political and economical situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  11. An ongoing measles outbreak in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2014 to 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hukic, M; Ravlija, J; Karakas, S; Mulaomerovic, M; Dedeic Ljubovic, A; Salimović-Besic, I; Seremet, M; Ahmetagic, S; Comor, A; Feric, E

    2015-03-05

    Between January 2014 and the beginning of February 2015, the Federal Institute of Public Health in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has reported 3,804 measles cases. Notable transmission has been observed in three Central Bosnia Canton municipalities: Bugojno, Fojnica and Travnik. Most cases were unvaccinated 2,680 (70%) or of unknown vaccination status 755 (20%). Health authorities have been checking vaccination records and performing necessary prevention measures. The epidemic is still ongoing.

  12. The Religious Identities and Social Stucture of Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebojša Šavija-Valha

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the structural preconditions of articulation of religious identities in Bosnia-Herzegovina from the historical perspective. These have been produced by the processes of Christianization and Islamization at the intersection of heterogeneous origin of Bosnian-Herzegovinian population, the influence of paganism and folk beliefs, and the geopolitical situation on the border line between the great empires. Due to the influence of these factors, these processes have never been successful in encompassing the entire population, which has always been divided among several simultaneously co-existing religious institutions: Catholicism, Christian Orthodoxy, the Bosnian Church and Islam. Through the institution of Millet, allowing its subjects relative cultural and social freedoms within their religious communities, the Ottoman Empire provides the communities with preconditions for ethnic modelling, but also for “political” articulation. The interplay of these agents has provided a base for interaction among the religious groups, which can be seen at two complementary levels: the vertical one, “the political”, ruled by hierarchical and discriminative relations; and the lateral one, “the social”, which is a sphere of egalitarian trans- and inter-ethnic social practices. Both levels have their religious aspects: at the first, it is about institutionalized religions; at the second, about “folk” religion, a syncretism of pre-Christian tradition and Christian and Islamic elements. Hence, religion has been acting in a totalizing way in Bosnian-Herzegovinian society, appearing both as a primary repertoire of symbolic elements and as a basic mechanism of further group identifications – ethnic and national.

  13. [Establishment of the first medical faculty in Bosnia and Herzegovina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masić, Izet

    2004-01-01

    After establishment of the medical faculties in Zagreb (1917 year), Ljubljana (1919 year) and Belgrade (1921 gear), by the decision of the minister of the National education of the Independent State Croatia from 31.3.1944. year, there were establishment the medical faculties in Sarajevo and Split the same year. The Medical faculty in Sarajevo, as the faculty of the University in Zagreb, officially began with the work 22.11.1944. year by the opening which made the then dean of the Medical faculty in Zagreb professor (doctor) Ante Sercer. For the dean of the Medical faculty in Sarajevo was nominated professor Stanko Sielski, the renown bosnian-herzegovinian physician, the former head of the district bacteriological station in Tuzla and Banja Luka. The access lectures held professor (doctor) Mile Budak, professor (doctor) Ljudevit Thaller, professor (doctor) Ibrahim Ruzdic. The first generation of the students of the school 1944/1945 year numbered about 165 students. The teaching was organized in the complex of the building of the present residance Conac in Sarajevo, and the practical instruction was performed on the basis of the contract with the then General hospital in Sarajevo. The teachers of the faculty were the eminent professors of the Medical faculty at the University in Zagreb. From all the known person, the fact about the so called NDH (IS Croatia) to the medical faculty, for the long time were hidden from the publicity, so that about them was not spoken, till the back several years, either the momentary alive students of the generation. In this article is stated the factographia connected for the establishment and functionioning of the mentioned first medical faculty in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  14. Report on the Vocational Education and Training in Bosnia and Herzegovina. National Observatory Country Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabucar, Abdulah; Gakovic, Aleksandra; Hadrovic, Armin; Prohaska, Donald; Dokic, Gordana; Vlasic, Marija; Markotic, Mario; Mandic, Milena; Merlo, Mira; Praso, Murat; Jovic, Nebojsa; Leto, Ramiz; Sarajcic, Sahrudin; Mulac, Salih; Vlasic, Silvio; Numic, Suada; Licina, Svetozar; Gakovic, Vojislav

    The state of the vocational education and training (VET) system in Bosnia and Herzegovina was reviewed to identify needed changes in policy and practice. The analysis focused on the following topics: (1) existing socioeconomic conditions; (2) existing labor market policies and employment patterns, unemployment, and employability; (3) modernization…

  15. Discourses of Integration and Practices of Reunification at the Mostar Gymnasium, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hromadzic, Azra

    2008-01-01

    The global politics of reconciliation provide a blueprint for postconflict reconstruction projects around the world, including in South Africa, Rwanda, Northern Ireland, and Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Of these, the B&H case is of particular interest due to the extensive involvement of some of the world's most powerful states and leading…

  16. Banking Competition and Efficiency: Empirical Analysis on the Bosnia and Herzegovina Using Panzar-Rosse Model

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    Memić Deni

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Competition in the banking industry has been an important topic in the scientific literature as researchers tried to assess the level of competition in the banking sector. Objectives: This paper has an aim to investigate the market structure and a long term equilibrium of the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina nationwide as well as on its constitutional entities as well as to evaluate the monopoly power of banks during the years 2008-2012. Methods/Approach: The paper is examining the market structure using the most frequently applied measures of concentration k-bank concentration ratio (CRk and Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI as well as evaluating the monopoly power of banks by employing Panzar-Rosse “H-statistic”. Results: The empirical results using CRk and HHI show that Bosnia and Herzegovina banking market has a moderately concentrated market with a concentration decreasing trend. The Panzar-Rosse “H-statistic” suggests that banks in Bosnia and Herzegovina operate under monopoly or monopolistic competition depending on the market segment. Conclusions: Banks operating on the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina seem to be earning their total and interest revenues under monopoly or perfectly collusive oligopoly.

  17. From VET School to the Labour Market in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Expected versus Actual Wages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brankovic, Nina; Oruc, Nermin

    2016-01-01

    This article analyses the differences between expected and actual wages of VET students and graduates. It uses a survey of VET students enrolled in schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and data about employed VET graduates from the Labour Force Survey. The model of determinants of wages, expected or actual, estimated separately on each dataset,…

  18. Consolidation of Science Education in Ethnically Divided Postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šorgo, Andrej; Živkovic, Mate

    2015-01-01

    Because of war and civil war on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, education in ethnically divided country has become fragmented. Because of postwar divisions thirteen different ministries of education or similar bodies are responsible for education, resulting in inefficiency and low quality. To overcome differences, a committee of experts…

  19. Learning Festival in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agic, Sejfudin; Glumac, Nijaz; Gozo, Zehra; Hoso, Narcis; Jonic, Damir; Kudumovic, Mensura; Moldovan, Dragana; Muminovic, Aida; Pjevalica, Zeljana; Sadikovic, Azra; Serbic, Miso

    2002-01-01

    During International Adult Learners Week, a learning festival organized by a humanitarian organization celebrated the resilience and learning focus of the people of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Evaluations identified a need for more government support for adult education and the contributions of nongovernmental organizations. (SK)

  20. Urban IDPs and Poverty: Analysis of the Effect of Mass Forced Displacement on Urban Poverty in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Nermin Oruc

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the effect of mass forced displacement on urban poverty in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The process of displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina involved “forced evictions”, implying no choice in displacement decision, meaning that this type of rural-urban migration was not a rational decision driven by economic motives. Consequently, this can possibly lead to a larger incidence of poverty among displaced people. The paper starts with a discussion of the specific features of the p...

  1. Clients' Perceptions Towards IT Security of e-banking in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nedim Makarević

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Main objective of this research is to examine clients’ perceptions in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards IT security of e-banking, to diagnose problems and try to give proper solutions. Survey was prepared based on six variables and specific questions assigned to each variable. Response rate was good and 207 respondents were surveyed.Overall results suggested a slight agreement in general, and they indicated that when it comes to IT security of online banking, several factors including privacy, control and intangible features are highly important for clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Clients do not perceive tangible features as important as they actually are. Therefore, banks are those who need to give more effort when it comes to implementation of IT security in online banking. They definitely need to find more effective ways to inform and educate clients about IT security of using online service, and in that way create additional value.

  2. Measures to Improve Financial Indicators in Health Care System of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Vukić

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The first part of the paper analyses the financial indicators in the health care system of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The structure of total expenditure of compulsory health insurance in the period 2003-2008 was analysed by comparing the financial reports stipulated in the health care system of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina with some foreign financial indicators. According to the existing situation, the objectives and measures required for their full implementation in the following medium-term period 2009-2013 have been determined. The movements of financial indicators following the implementation of certain institutional measures have been estimated according to the flow of some indicators from the previous period (time series and in accordance with the global trends of some macroeconomic indicators (employment, GDP, etc..

  3. The Implementation of Police Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Analysing UN and EU Efforts

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    Amelia Padurariu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the role of the main international actors involved in the implementation of police reform in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, notably that of the UN and the EU. Despite considerable efforts and resources deployed over 17 years, the implementation of police reform remains an ‘unfinished business’ that demonstrates the slow pace of implementing rule of law reforms in Bosnia’s post-conflict setting, yet, in the long-term, remains vital for Bosnia’s stability and post-conflict reconstruction process. Starting with a presentation of the status of the police before and after the conflict, UN reforms (1995–2002 are first discussed in order to set the stage for an analysis of the role of the EU in the implementation of police reform. Here, particular emphasis is placed on the institution-building actions of the EU police mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina deployed on the ground for almost a decade (2003-June 2012. The article concludes with an overall assessment of UN and EU efforts in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the remaining challenges encountered by the EU on the ground, as the current leader to police reform implementation efforts. More generally, the article highlights that for police reform to succeed in the long-term, from 2012-onwards, the EU should pay particular attention to the political level, where most of the stumbling blocks for the implementation of police reform lie.

  4. Mobbing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the member states of the European Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodic, V.

    2016-08-01

    Mobbing as a specific form of discrimination which applies only to the labor law, is a very young branch of labor law. It began to develop during the eighties of last century. This kind of psychoterror that appears in the workplace, was first spotted, formulated and diagnosed by the Swedish psychologist of German origin prof. Dr. Heinz Lejman (Heinz Leymann July 17, 1932.; Wolfenbuttel, Germany - 1999 Stockholm, Sweden). Today, the legal regulation of mobbing in terms of prevention, rules of behavior and sanctions is indispensable to every modern democratic state. I'll make a comparison of the legislative regulation provided by BiH with several European Union member states. I will compare the results of a survey conducted by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Condition, during the year 2000. In the European Union Member States, with the results of the questionnaire for employees, which I conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The conclusion I came to in this paper is: Bosnia and Herzegovina is lagging behind a lot of European Union member states, both in terms of prevention of mobbing, as well as legislation, that is insufficient to regulate this complex issue. Results of the questionnaire for the employees that I conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina are devastating and alarming.

  5. Funding Biodiversity Protection in Central and Eastern Europe A Case Study of Bosnia Herzegovina

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    Mirza DAUTBASIC

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Biodiversity conservation has drawn considerable attention as to where the funding is available in order for governments concerned with the conservation of biodiversity to fulfil their obligations. This paper examines if financing resources provided through Global Environmental Facility (GEF in Bosnia Herzegovina could be supplemented with locally voluntary provided funding to lead to an appropriate protection level of threatened species. A study was conducted on a 1189 persons sample to establish the local population willingness to contribute to GEF sponsored biodiversity conservation projects. It was found that the local people are willing to contribute positively higher than the actual spending of the GEF and findings can be used to argue for more attention to preferences of the public in decision making on biodiversity protection activity and spending in Bosnia Herzegovina.

  6. Turkish Foreign Policy’s Bosnia and Herzegovina Exam (1990-1995)

    OpenAIRE

    Yigit Anil GÜZELİPEK

    2013-01-01

    After the collapse of Yugoslavia, the status quo within the Balkans had changed very dramatically in any aspect. In particular, the “new born” states started to attract the attention of the Turkish foreign policy in the sense of defense, security and economic interests. Taking the Turkey’s strong historical and cultural connections with Bosnia and Herzegovina under consideration it is quite possible to investigate the Turkish perspective in the frame of Alexander Wendt’s famous social constru...

  7. Devaluation as the instrument for recession overcoming in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Zeljko Maric

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Devaluation is the instrument of monetary policy which has been used very often during the 20th century. In recent time of globalization, the many limited factors (openness of the economy, capital movements, currency substitution, money illusion significantly reduce or completely make impossible the devaluation implementation as the measure for foreign trade deficit or recession overcoming in many countries. This paper discusses on positive and negative effects of devaluation in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina economy.

  8. Belgrandiella bozidarcurcici n. sp., a new species from Bosnia and Herzegovina (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae

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    Glöer P.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A new hydrobiid snail, Belgrandiella bozidarcurcici n. sp., is described from the rheocrene and rheopsammocrene springs situated in the canyon of the Cvrcka River, a region of Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The concept of the genus Belgrandiella seems to be extremely artificial, but for the time being we keep the new species as a member of the genus based mainly on the shape of the shell of its type species, B. kusceri (Wagner, 1914.

  9. EFFECTS OF CHANGES IN FOREIGN DEBT INDICATORS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Almir Alihodžić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Foreign trade indicators change in response to the global financial crisis and ultimately have a major impact on fiscal sustainability. Likewise, the increase in the budget deficit and public debt affects the growth of long-term and short-term interest rates, and the overall fiscal stability. The main objective of this paper is to review the impact of the global financial crisis on the tendency of the public debt in Bosnia and Herzegovina and various Western Balkans countries. Specifically, as the Maastricht criteria established a 60% of GDP debt limit, the paper will analyse the given limit, and the interdependence of imports in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the public debt of the general government sector by a simple regression analysis for the period 2008–2012. Thus, the regression model will be used to assess the dependence of the public debt of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina due to the increase of imports and exports of goods, as well as well as conditionality of export of goods and income.

  10. From mechanical ventilation to intensive care medicine: a challenge for Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiéry, Guillaume; Kovacević, Pedja; Straus, Slavenka; Vidovic, Jadranka; Iglica, Amer; Festic, Emir; Gajic, Ognjen

    2009-10-01

    Intensive care medicine is a relatively new specialty, which was created in the 1950's, after invent of mechanical ventilation, which allowed caring for critically ill patients who otherwise would have died. First created for treating mechanically ventilated patients, ICUs extended their scope and care to all patients with life threatening conditions. Over the years, intensive care medicine developed further and became a truly multidisciplinary speciality, encompassing patients from various fields of medicine and involving specialists from a range of base specialties, with additional (subspecialty) training in intensive care medicine. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the founding of the society of intensive care medicine in 2006, the introduction of non invasive ventilation in 2007, and opening of a multidisciplinary ICUs in Banja Luka and Sarajevo heralded a new age of intensive care medicine. The number of admissions, high severity scores and needs for mechanical ventilation during the first several months in the medical ICU in Banja Luka confirmed the need of these kinds of units in the country. In spite of still suboptimal personnel training, creation of ICUs in Bosnia and Herzegovina may serve as example for other developing countries in the region. However, in order to achieve modern ICU standards and follow European trends toward harmonisation of medicine, Bosnia and Herzegovina needs to take up this challenge by recognizing intensive care medicine as a distinctive specialty, by implementing a specific training program and by setting up multidisciplinary ICUs in acute care hospitals.

  11. INTRAPRENEURSHIP IMPACT ON GROWTH OF PRODUCTION COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzafer Brigić

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Growth and development are among the main goals of every company. A dedication to the activities which create conditions for growth and development is an important management operation. Entrepreneurial activity provides prerequisites so that growth and development can be achieved. In large and existing companies, entrepreneurial activity presents intrapreneurship. The subject of this paper is to what extent are intrapreneurial activities present in production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, we explored organizational prerequisites for intensifying the impact of intrapreneurship, and the impact of intrapreneurial activities on company growth. Primary research was conducted in the field using the survey as a tool for data collection. By interviewing people we obtained the answer to the question, to what extent is intrapreneurship developed in the production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina in terms of two key dimensions of intrapreneurship: innovation and autonomy of action, and their impact on the growth of production companies. Additionally, we reached an answer as to what is necessary to do in the field of management of the companies in order to create assumptions for intensifying the intrapreneurial activities of those companies. The sample represented 50 major production companies in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. We used statistical methods of data processing: descriptive analysis, factor analysis, regression, and correlation. By analyzing the results of the research, we confirmed the hypothesis that the implementation of intrapreneurial activities has a positive effect on the development of production companies. Recommendations were given in order to improve organizational presumptions for intensive intrapreneurial activities.

  12. The influence of negative climate changes on physical development of urban and rural areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Rahman NURKOVIĆ

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The influence of negative climate changes on physical development of urban and rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina has been analysed in the paper. So, economy and society in urban and rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina are susceptible to environmental consequences of climate changes. In practice, this means that poorer countries in development of economic activities will suffer most due to climate changes, while some developed countries can be in a position to use new commercial possibilities. Presently, there is a significant scientific consensus that human activity affected the increase of atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases, respectively the carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone and chlorofluorocarbon, as a result of global changes of climate that will probably change dramatically during the next centuries in Bosnia and Herzegovina. More and more intensive industrialisation and urbanisation, as well as tourism, a growing phenomenon of the 21st century, have numerous negative direct, indirect and multiplicative effects on flora and fauna habitats of Bosnia and Herzegovina. For all mentioned above, this paper tries to indicate to a need for more significant investing into tourism development, which is presently at a very low level of development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the past ten years a dynamical development of tertiary activities in urban and rural areas has been distinguished; among which shopping centres take a significant position. 

  13. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Prospective Member of the European Union and Strategic Partner with the United States of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    autonomy: the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina? The Dayton Peace Agreement was a very important political act, which stopped one...and Herzegovina were in favor of establishing state level institutions. However, parties from the Republika Srpska emphasized the importance of...transfer authority from local to state institutions. Politicians from the Republika Srpska have also been the most serious obstacle to recent reforms in

  14. Extreme Case of Crisis: Definitions of War Violence in Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Basic, Goran

    2015-01-01

    The starting point of this article is the war that took place in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina and more specifi cally interpersonal interpretations of violence and the biographical impact of war-time violence. Serbian soldiers and police targeted their use of violent force directly against the civilian populations in northwestern Bosnia. In their quest to expel Bosniacs and Croats from this area, Serbian soldiers and police used mass executions, forced flight, systematic rape, and conce...

  15. Bosnia and Herzegovina; Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2002-01-01

    This 2001 Article IV Consultation highlights that after several years of double-digit growth rates, real GDP for Bosnia and Herzegovina increased by about 5.5 percent in 2001. The growth slowdown was particularly marked in the Republika Srpska, where output grew by just 2 percent. The slowdown—which is partly owing to lower aid-financed reconstruction spending—marks the end of the post-war economic rebound. Industrial production is still less than half its pre-war level and measured unemp...

  16. VIRTUAL MUSEUM APPLICATIONS AND THEIR PUBLIC PERCEPTION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Rizvic

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina always has been a place where the East meets the West. Over 1000 years, different cultures, religions and civilizations have left their remains in this small country in Western Balkans. Despite all wars and tragic destructions, today in the heart of Sarajevo one can find mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches and Jewish synagogues next to each other and people of different nations and religions living together in mutual respect and friendship. Multiethnic spirit of Bosnia and Herzegovina lives through its cultural heritage. Therefore our task is to ensure its presentation and preservation using Information and Communications Technologies (ICT. So far researchers have achieved significant results by creating several virtual museums. In this paper we will present the Museum of Bosnian Traditional Objects, Digital Catalogue of Stecaks and the Virtual Museum of Sarajevo Assassination, giving an overview of the process of creating virtual environments from multiple data sources based on various 3D digitization technologies: some based on traditional 3D modeling, other based on laser scanning or photogrametric techniques.

  17. Virtual Museum Applications and Their Public Perception in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizvic, S.; Sadzak, A.; Ramic-Brkic, B.; Hulusic, V.

    2011-09-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina always has been a place where the East meets the West. Over 1000 years, different cultures, religions and civilizations have left their remains in this small country in Western Balkans. Despite all wars and tragic destructions, today in the heart of Sarajevo one can find mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches and Jewish synagogues next to each other and people of different nations and religions living together in mutual respect and friendship. Multiethnic spirit of Bosnia and Herzegovina lives through its cultural heritage. Therefore our task is to ensure its presentation and preservation using Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). So far researchers have achieved significant results by creating several virtual museums. In this paper we will present the Museum of Bosnian Traditional Objects, Digital Catalogue of Stecaks and the Virtual Museum of Sarajevo Assassination, giving an overview of the process of creating virtual environments from multiple data sources based on various 3D digitization technologies: some based on traditional 3D modeling, other based on laser scanning or photogrametric techniques.

  18. Causes of inefficient collection of social contribution in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the need solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Vukić

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The first part of the paper briefly analyzes the theoretical framework of taxes and social insurance contributions, as well as characteristics of tax and contributions evasion. The second part looks into the issue and causes of poor collection of social security contributions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in particular in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The paper highlights the problem of poor coordination between social insurance funds and tax authorities, inadequate legislation on calculation and collection of contributions, as well as bellow-par work and organization of inspection authorities. Based on the above, a number of concrete proposals for more efficient collection of contributions are put forward. These proposals aim to improve the efficiency of collection of social insurance contributions by creating a better system of registration of persons subject to paying social insurance contributions, improving the collection of and reporting on contributions which requires institutional reforms, as well as new or amended legislation on determining contribution base and rates.

  19. Assessing Credit Default using Logistic Regression and Multiple Discriminant Analysis: Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Memić

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article has an aim to assess credit default prediction on the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina nationwide as well as on its constitutional entities (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. Ability to classify companies info different predefined groups or finding an appropriate tool which would replace human assessment in classifying companies into good and bad buckets has been one of the main interests on risk management researchers for a long time. We investigated the possibility and accuracy of default prediction using traditional statistical methods logistic regression (logit and multiple discriminant analysis (MDA and compared their predictive abilities. The results show that the created models have high predictive ability. For logit models, some variables are more influential on the default prediction than the others. Return on assets (ROA is statistically significant in all four periods prior to default, having very high regression coefficients, or high impact on the model's ability to predict default. Similar results are obtained for MDA models. It is also found that predictive ability differs between logistic regression and multiple discriminant analysis.

  20. New records of water mites (Acari: Hydrachnidia and Halacaroidea from Bosnia and Herzegovina, with description of a new species, Aturus gordani

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    Pešić Vladimir M.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A presented faunistic catalogue of water mites (Acari: Hydrachnidia and Halacaroidea from Republic of Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina is based on all published data and numerous new records from the investigated area. Twenty two species were identified, 12 of which new to Bosnia and Herzegovina and one species Mideopsis roztoczensis was recorded for the first time in the Balkans. The species Aturus gordani was described as new to science; halacarid mites were recorded (Acari: Halacaroidea for the first time in the fauna of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The ecological significance of the new records was briefly discussed.

  1. Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) as a potential reservoir host of cardiorespiratory parasites in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodžić, Adnan; Alić, Amer; Klebić, Ismar; Kadrić, Mirsad; Brianti, Emanuele; Duscher, Georg Gerhard

    2016-06-15

    Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is considered as reservoir of different cardiorespiratory parasites of veterinary and medical importance. Since data on cardiorespiratory parasites in foxes in Bosnia and Herzegovina are still lacking, the aims of the present study were to (i) investigate the prevalence and geographical distribution of these parasites, (ii) determine genetic diversity of detected parasite species, and (iii) to estimate the role of foxes in the transmission cycle to companion animals and humans. Four species, morphologically and molecularly identified as Eucoleus boehmi (64.6%; 51/79), Eucoleus aerophilus (69.7%; 154/221), Crenosoma vulpis (45.7%; 101/221) and Linguatula serrata (1.3%; 1/79) were retrieved from nasal cavity and lungs in 184 (83.3%) animals. The occurrence of heartworms, Angiostrongylus vasorum and Dirofilaria immitis was not detected by necropsy or PCR. Furthermore, three distinct haplotypes of E. aerophilus (I, III, XV) and two of C. vulpis (I, II) previously reported in pet animals and wild carnivores were confirmed in this study. A new haplotype of C. vulpis (designated as haplotype V) was also identified based on 12S rRNA gene for the first time. The present study indicates a high prevalence and wide distribution of nasal and lung nematodes in fox population in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and supports the existence of transmission patterns between wildlife and pet animals.

  2. THE NATIONAL MINORITY CONSULTATIVE MECHANISMS - THE COUNCILS OF NATIONAL MINORITIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Aleksandar Čorni

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article tries to explore the practical application of the soft law, in concrete terms, the documents adopted by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, referring to the models of participation of national minorities in public life in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The objective of the research was to assess the legal and political grounds for functioning national minority councils as participation and consultative mechanisms, scope of responsibilities and capacities in relation to their effectiveness and impact and to identify relevant good practices on such mechanisms. The political and decision-making structures in Bosnia and Herzegovina demonstrated lack of actual commitment to the realization of the rights of minorities referring to participation in decision-making processes. Bearing in mind formal position within parliaments, visibility, and a significant promotional capacity for presence in the public sphere, the councils on national minorities may represent a significant body and channel for the minority – majority dialogue. However, at the moment, the national minority councils’ capacity to ensure participation of national minorities in Bosnian political life and their influence in decision-making process remains insufficient. In general, the consultative mechanisms, within their mandated responsibilities, have had insignificant and minimal impact on the practical, political and legislative segment.

  3. Important project financing by issue of bonds in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazar Dreč

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the development of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina based on the opening of infrastructure facilities for which funding is proposed to incorporate the issue of securities, primarily government bonds because there is a real basis for its demand deriving by banks, citizens and other organizations and institutions. The basic conditions for the functioning model of financing development and strategic projects by issuing securities herein include: a accelerate reforms and create the legal framework that will allow the establishment of important missing institutions for the business sector, b more efficient functioning of the executive and legislative bodies in Bosnia and Herzegovina on creating a favourable business environment, c the implementation of identified strategic commitment from all levels of government in relation to the creation of a single economic space, labour market, harmonization of entity policies and other policies that influence the overall business environment, d the development of infrastructure projects and power facilities, and e the inclusion of private funding and knowledge aimed at improving the construction and management of roads.

  4. THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP ON THE INCREASE OF SOCIAL INCLUSION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Anita Šimundža

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Social entrepreneurship is an idea that has awakened much interest in recent decades, because it is based on different approaches of classical economic understanding. Initiatives of social entrepreneurship are always associated with humane ideas, aiming at the general social well-being, as opposed to traditional entrepreneurship, in which the profit is the primary goal and the main measure of success. Human Development Report: Social Inclusion in Bosnia and Herzegovina showed that over 50% of the population was socially excluded, on various grounds. Among the most vulnerable were the persons with disabilities and young people. Bearing in mind these facts, the main goal of our research was to explore and to present possibilities for overcoming social exclusion through highlighting the influence of the development of small and medium enterprises on the increase of social inclusion. The research included a survey among 20 institutions related to the field of social entrepreneurship, 100 non-governmental organizations and 100 small and medium enterprises. By using simple logarithmic regression, we partially confirmed that development of small and medium enterprises significantly influences the increase of social inclusion in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  5. Sudden infant death syndrome: a case report in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dragan Ćajić

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS is an idiopathic condition that affects seemingly healthy infants under one year of age, whose death remains unexplained after the performance of a complete postmortem examination, toxicological analyses, genetic testing, death scene investigation, and a review of the mother’s and infant’s medical history. Detailed epidemiological, pathological, and forensic information has been reported regarding SIDS from the developed countries. However, SIDS information from developing countries is either widely scattered or non-existent. This is the first published case report of SIDS from the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A previously healthy 3 months old, white male infant was found dead after being placed to sleep in the prone position. The features of this case report closely parallel the classical features of SIDS cited in the world literature. The infant was healthy, male, between the ages of 2-12 months, discovered in the prone position and had a negative postmortem investigation. It is important for developing countries such as Bosnia and Herzegovina to conduct detailed forensic investigations of deaths from SIDS and provide epidemiological, pathological, and circumstances of that information to the world’s collective knowledge.

  6. Variability of Norway spruce morphometric characteristics in progeny tests in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Cvjetković Branislav

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of an analysis of morphometric characteristics of Norway spruce seedlings in the progeny tests in Bosnia and Herzegovina, localities: Drinić and Srebrenica. Progeny tests were established by using seedlings originating from six natural populations from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Seedling height, root collar and whorl distance from the ground, which represents seedling heights in 2011, 2012 and 2013 were measured. The results indicate statistically significant differences between the analyzed characteristics of the observed population. Especially interesting are the populations Potoci and Olovo, which showed the highest growth during the observed period in both progeny tests. The impact of the drought in 2013 can be seen in the progeny test in Srebrenica where height growth in 2013 was lower by more than 50% in comparison to 2012. The impact of drought in the progeny test in Drinić was not observed. The research provides the baseline when selecting the starting population, where the rapid growth of seedlings is set as the main goal.

  7. Products of in Situ Corrosion of Depleted Uranium Ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina Soils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yuheng; von Gunten, Konstantin; Bartova, Barbora; Meisser, Nicolas; Astner, Markus; Burger, Mario; Bernier-Latmani, Rizlan

    2016-11-15

    Hundreds of tons of depleted uranium (DU) ammunition were used in previous armed conflicts in Iraq, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia/Kosovo. The majority (>90%) of DU penetrators miss their target and, if left in the environment, corrode in these postconflict zones. Thus, the best way to understand the fate of bulk DU material in the environment is to characterize the corrosion products of intact DU penetrators under field conditions for extended periods of time. However, such studies are scarce. To fill this knowledge gap, we characterized corrosion products formed from two intact DU penetrators that remained in soils in Bosnia and Herzegovina for over seven years. We used a combination of X-ray powder diffraction, electron microscopy, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The results show that metaschoepite (UO3(H2O)2) was a main component of the two DU corrosion products. Moreover, studtite ((UO2)O2(H2O)2·2(H2O)) and becquerelite (Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6·8(H2O)) were also identified in the corrosion products. Their formation through transformation of metaschoepite was a result of the geochemical conditions under which the penetrators corroded. Moreover, we propose that the transformation of metaschoepite to becquerelite or studtite in the DU corrosion products would decrease the potential for mobilization of U from corroded DU penetrators exposed to similar environments in postconflict areas.

  8. Social exclusion of the young from the labour market in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Tomić Velinka

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The population of young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina is confronted with many challenges - economic, institutional and social. The participation of young people in education drops significantly after they turn 18, while entry into the labour market happens around 20 years of age. Unemployment mostly affects people with lower education levels, such as those with a secondary school degree or qualified workers. The youth unemployment rate, the most commonly used indicator of the disadvantages faced by young people in the labour market, is very high in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The single most significant factor affecting the labour market experiences of young people is the extensive informal economy in the country. Active Labour Market Policy for young people attempts to reduce the problems faced by young people in their attempts to find decent work once they enter the labour market. They attempt to remedy failures of the educational system and to improve the efficiency of labour market matching. The percentage of unemployed youth is of great importance because the youth are in the age when the ability and motivation for work are at their peak. Any society that excludes half of its population from the sphere of work acts against public interest.

  9. The public administration reform in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina: a reform process embedded in a sovereignty paradox

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Milovich, L.; Ossewaarde, M.R.R.

    2013-01-01

    As the post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina has turned its interest towards a European Union membership, it has entered an accession process requiring it, among other things, to reform its public administration system. The European Union's involvement within the reform has been placed under critique, as

  10. Ethnical distance of the citizens of Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the nations of former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    OpenAIRE

    Puhalo Srđan

    2003-01-01

    The paper presents the study of Ethnical distance with the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The study was made using Bogardus' scale of social distance, on 1000 interviewees of the Federation of BiH and 850 interviewees of Republika Srpska. The citizens of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina reject the Romas the most, followed by the Albanians and Macedonians. This is followed by the Serbs and Montenegrians, while Slovenians and Croats are the least rejected. Prejudices of the citizen...

  11. Professional Opinions And Attitudes On Tax Policy In Bosnia And Herzegovina With A Special Focus On The Federation Of Bosnia And Herzegovina1

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    Lazović-Pita Lejla

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is based on tax policy opinion survey data collected in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H among tax experts. A special focus of the survey was to investigate the consequences of the different institutional environments that exist between the two entities of the country. After having reviewed all previous tax reforms in B&H, the most interesting results suggest that respondents agree on the introduction of a progressive personal income tax (PIT and excise duty on luxury products, the maintenance of personal and family allowances and the maintenance of the current value added tax (VAT and corporate income tax (CIT rates. However, differences exist in the respondents’ perceptions about the introduction of reduced VAT rates, the regressivity of the VAT, and giving priority to the equity principle over the efficiency principle in taxation. Probability modelling highlighted these differences and indicated inconsistencies in the definition of the PIT tax base, namely the comprehensiveness of the PIT base under the S-H-S definition of income.

  12. PERINATAL OUTCOME OF PRETERM INFANTS IN FEDERATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Skokić Fahrija

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Despite growing progress of perinatal medicine and perinatal care, between 9-19% of preterm infants are born each year. Improvement in survival of infants and the reduction in infant mortality rates is a key role of perinatal quality healthcare. The Aim: To evaluate the perinatal outcome of preterm infants in maternity wards of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina for a period of one year. Material and methods: Of 22 897 live newborns, the research criteria matched 669 (2.9% preterm infants with complete medical records in ten cantons of the Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina. We analyzed data from maternity wards documentation and discharge letters from tertiary health care centers. Results: Most deliveries were in the Tuzla and Sarajevo Canton with 42.5% of preterm infants. The mean gestational age of preterm infants was 31.4 weeks, with SD ± 5.34, and the mean birth weight 1295 grams, SD ± 234.2. The mean Apgar score was 4.6 ± 2.1, and in the fifth minute 6.6 ± 1.9.Of 669 examinees, there were 345 (51.56% males and 324 (48.44% females (51.56 vs 48.44; χ 2 = 1.19; P = 0.27. By analyzing the frequency of preterm infant birth rate according to weight categories, we found a significant difference in some levels of perinatal health institution, between the 1st and 2nd institutions levels (1.76% vs 3.01%; P< 0.0001, also between 2nd and 3rd institutions levels (3.01% vs 3.03%; P < 0.0002, and between 1st and 3rd institutions levels (1.76% vs 3.03%; P < 0.0001. A significant statistical difference in survival of tested newborns was found in institutions of 3rd level χ 2 = 49.25; P < 0.0001 with a low risk for unfavorable outcome [OR = 0.436; 95%CI (0.346-0.550]. Conclusion: Perinatal outcome of preterm infants in the Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina significantly depends on the level of perinatal health care. Survival rate of infants born in the institutions of the 3rd level was statistically much higher than the survival

  13. RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES AND THEIR POTENTIAL ROLE IN MITIGATION OF CLIMATE CHANGES AND AS A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DRIVER IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Petar M Gvero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina have significant physical potential regarding to renewable energy sources. Hydro, biomass, geothermal, wind, and solar potential can play important role in the whole state economy. Bosnia and Herzegovina is Non-Annex I country according to UNFCCC and according to that it is obligated to participate in the global efforts in order to reduce green house gases emission. This paper gives some analysis of the physical, technological, economic, and market potential of renewable energy sources in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their potential role in mitigation of climate changes. Paper also gives the analysis of the potential connections between renewable energy sources and sustainable development of the economy, taking in to consideration specific political structure of the state. Bosnia and Herzegovina is consisting from two entities: Republic of Srpska and Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Brcko District; energy sector and climate changes mitigation measures are under their jurisdiction. According to that some of this paper results can be useful for the improvement of entity and state strategies with the final aim to place renewable energy sources on the right position, as some of the major economy drivers, not only in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but in whole region.

  14. Impact of Training and Development on Employees Performance in Bosnia And Herzegovina

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    Serkan Bayraktaroglu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Companies today are forced to compete and to act professionally in those harsh times, so it is very important to have right employees for better company`s rating. It is crucial that staff needs to have better knowledge, skills and competencies. More and more companies are acknowledging Human Resources (training and development as their main key for success and bigger focus is on employee – customer relation. Main objective of this study was to find out impact of training and development on employee’s performance and Bosnia and Herzegovina was taken as an example. This study was back grounded by the two different questionnaires one for the employees and one for the managers or owners of the companies. Results revealed that there is a huge impact on employee’s performance when it comes to the training programs and employees are fully aware that training programs give them better knowledge, improved skills and ideas for future career paths.

  15. Ethnic stereotypes among Bosniak and Serbian youth in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Turjačanin Vladimir

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This research, which used a sample of 407 members of both Bosniak and Serb nationality in Sarajevo and Banja Luka, analyzes the structure and content of ethnic stereotypes of Bosnia and Herzegovina's youth. The results reveal significant negative stereotypes of Bosniak and Serb youth toward one another, but also show conspicuous similarities regarding their stereotypes toward other ethnic groups. The concluding remarks set forth theoretical and pragmatic consequences of the results obtained. It can be concluded that people are clearly divided into groups based on the ethnicity criterion. This, substantiated by the earlier history of conflict, creates perceptions and assessments saturated by negative attributes, and can lead to potential conflicts in future. The research suggests that possible solution lies in a conflict resolution education, greater interethnic communication.

  16. Occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Adnan Hodžić

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence and distribution of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis among free-living red foxes (Vulpes vulpes in Bosnia and Herzegovina. For this purpose, a total of 123 fecal samples fromred foxes, shot during hunting seasons between January 2011 and March 2012 were examined using immunofluorescent microscopy. Overall, observed prevalences of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis were 3.2 % (4/123 and 7.3% (9/123, respectively. The results show that foxes might play the role of potential reservoirs of Cryptosporidium and Giardia parasites, but further molecular analysis are necessary to elucidate the source of infection, routes of transmission and zoonotic potential of these two pathogens.

  17. The Market and Institutional Value Attachments to Sustainable Return of Human Capital to Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Aleksandar BOZIC

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the main characteristics of potentials and challenges of the brain grain process in a post conflict and transitional situation, by reflecting the various views and perspectives of the relevant stakeholders in the field o migration from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. The focus is on highly skilled tertiary graduates’ returnees from BiH and the assessment of their skills and knowledge recognition within the labour market and public administration. The study concludes that even though it has been widely estimated that advanced countries can significantly benefit regarding country's productivity from temporary movements of tertiary migrants, societies that challenge serious human capital flow can negatively value the potential benefits of the highly skilled returnees, while their advanced skills and knowledge most likely remains unrecognized.

  18. The attitudes of pharmacists and physicians in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards adverse drug reaction reporting

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    Tarik Catic

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs are threat to the patient’s safety and the quality of life, and they increase the cost of health care. Spontaneous ADR reporting system mainly relies on physicians, but also pharmacists, nurses, and even patients. The aim of this study was to explore attitudes, barriers, and possible improvements to ADR reporting practices in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was developed to collect data on the perception of pharmacovigilance practice and ADR reporting. The survey was conducted in the period between September, 2014 and October, 2014.Results: The response rate was 73% (44 of 60 and 93% (148 of 160 among the pharmacist and family medicine physician groups, respectively. Regarding the attitudes to pharmacovigilance practice and reporting, both the pharmacists and physicians found the practices important. The majority of pharmacists and physicians in year 2014 did not report any ADR, while 18% of the pharmacists and 12% of the physicians, who participated in this study, reported one ADR. Reporting procedure, uncertainty, and their exposure were the main barriers to reporting ADRs for the pharmacists. The physicians claimed lack of knowledge to whom to report an ADR as the main barrier. A significant number of the respondents thought that additional education in ADR reporting would have a positive impact, and would increase the ADR reporting rate.Conclusions: Despite the overall positive attitude towards ADR reporting, the reporting rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina is still low. Different barriers to the ADR reporting have been identified, and there is also the need for improvements in the traditional education in this field.

  19. Dairy Production in Bosnia and Herzegovina over The Past Quarter Century

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    Vedad SAKIC

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of agricultural production is one of the economic priorities for Bosnia and Herzegovina. The dairy sector, including primary animal products and processed dairy foods, is a core sector for agricultural development. In 2006 the agriculture sector contributed about 10.4% of GDP, in 2008 8.4%, 2009 7.8%, 2011 8.7% and 2012 8.2%. Dairy farming dominates agricultural production and total livestock production contributes almost 60% of agricultural GDP. Milk production should be primarily directed towards cheaper and better quality of products. This is possible with active credit lines, more investment in the modernization and expansion of existing production capacity, as well as with construction of new large specialized farms, and new technologies, especially in the way of housing and handling of animals, nutrition, hygiene, etc. Current work is a brief review of the dairy sector at the past quarter century prepared by using data from different sources.

  20. Cloud Computing - Compliance with Regulatory Prescribed Data Protection Measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    HAMIDOVIĆ HARIS

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The rapid emergence of cloud computing has raised concerns about its legal and regulatory implications. Issues of data protection and security are among the concerns most frequently mentioned by potential cloud customers. If sensitive company data are stored, processed or transmitted in a cloud environment, data protection and other laws will apply to that environment too. The allocation of responsibility between client and provider for managing security controls does not exempt a client from the responsibly of ensuring that their sensitive data is properly secured according to applicable law requirements. In this regard, it is necessary to get appropriate assurance that cloud service provider information security management system covers the security of the computers and computing environment that it uses in processing sensitive company data. This paper addresses the issues of compliance with regulatory prescribed data protection measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina in cloud environment.

  1. Ongoing rubella outbreak in Bosnia and Herzegovina, March-July 2009--preliminary report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novo, A; Huebschen, J M; Muller, C P; Tesanovic, M; Bojanic, J

    2009-10-01

    Between 24 March and 31 July 2009, 342 clinically diagnosed cases of rubella were notified in five municipalities in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Fourteen cases were laboratory-confirmed by positive IgG against rubella virus. Four virus isolates were obtained and identified as genotype 2B strains, with one isolate differing by a single mutation in the region of the E1 gene. This ongoing outbreak revealed gaps in the immunisation programme during the war in BiH (1992-1995) and highlights the need to revise legislation to permit immunisation of children above 14 years of age with measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine and to introduce supplemental immunisation activities.

  2. Strategic quality management on business to business market in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Kenan Uštović

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Product and service quality has increasingly seen as a crucial factor of competitiveness, not only for individual companies, but for entire industries too. Using specific resources and capabilities companies can take a chance to delight their customers. This paper presents new sales model developed by authors, which includes all necessary steps related to sales process. Customer-Oriented Sales (COS Model considers opportunity that company differentiates itself and become market leader. This paper includes research about companies engaged in B2B sale in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their willingness to use quality as differentiation tool. As a method of research we used data collection questionnaire. It is important to notice that the quality is not the purpose of itself. Investments in quality without recognition of customer needs can also be ineffective. Taking into account all anticipated results, we will make a conclusion about possibilities that companies’ incorporate COS Model in their business system.

  3. Consociation in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Practical Implementation of the Theoretical Principles

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    Midhat IZMIRLIJA

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a (postconflict society, is based on minimum consensus which equals “consent to peace” where most citizens and political elites refuse the necessary improvement of the existing system. The principle of belonging to a certain ethnic group dominates in a divided society, thus becoming the base for political organisation. In a consociational democracy, political competition does not take place between ethnic groups, but within each ethnic group, while the decision-making process is shifted to a close circle of political elites, primarily in the circle of ethnic group leaders. The problem of building a sustainable and functional state is recognised, principally, with the fact that the consociational democracy in BiH is reduced to the preservation of peace, without standing a chance that at a certain point it would turn to a classic democratic system.

  4. SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESMENT USING OLS METHOD - THE CASE OF THE CAPITAL MARKET OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Azra Zaimović

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Sharpe-Lintner Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM implies a simple linear equation for pricing risky financial assets, individually and in portfolios. CAPM finds that the relevant risk measure of individual financial assets held as a portion of a well-diversified portfolio is not a variance (or a standard deviation of financial assets, as proposed by the Modern Portfolio Theory, but a contribution of financial assets to the portfolio variance, measured by the financial asset beta. Beta coefficient is the measure of the systematic risk of risky assets.This paper explores beta coefficients of stocks of the Bosnia and Herzegovina capital market. This capital market is new and underdeveloped, with a modest supply of securities and with a small number of marketable securities. It is interesting to explore whether the beta coefficients of domestic stocks are efficient and whether they could be used in portfolio management.The paper employs the OLS method to estimate the standard Sharpe-Linter CAPM model. As in most other new markets, this market has a non-synchronous trading problem, which determined the selection of the sample used in the econometric analysis. A representative sample of stocks with satisfactory marketability is analyzed over a five-year period, i.e. 2005–2009. The basic hypothesis of the research is: beta coefficient as a measure of systematic risk is a relevant risk measure for the capital market of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A special aim of the paper is to explore whether estimated models satisfy the presumptions of the linear regression model, which is being examined using a series of diagnostic tests. The results of this paper can be widely used and have significant implications for business purposes. Special attention is dedicated to estimating efficient beta coefficients that may be considered as reliable in a wide use of the CAPM model in financial practice.

  5. Incidence of hospital mortality in polytrauma patients in a tertiary center in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Hadžan Konjo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In the late 70s of the last century, the mortality rate due to polytrauma amounted to 40%. This led to a new approach to this patient category with the goal of improving the treatment outcome.  According to the German trauma register, the rate of mortality in polytrauma at the end of the last century was 18.6%. The goal of this study is to determine the incidence of hospital mortality in polytrauma patients in a tertiary institution in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: We analyzed patient medical records from the Intensive Care Unit of the Clinic of Orthopedics and Traumatology at University Clinical Center Sarajevo, from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012.Results:  There were 70 polytrauma patients in 2012, with average age 47.55 (range 8-77 years. Half of the patients were younger than 50 years. Age groups most frequently affected were 61 and older (25.7%, 51-60 years (24.3%, and 31-40 years (21.4%. Lethal outcome occurred in 10 patients (14.3%, while 60 patients (85.7% survived and were treated until discharge or transfer to a different department.  The average Injury Severity Score (ISS in patients with lethal outcome was 71.50, while in survivors was 37.  The largest percentage of lethal outcomes was recorded in cases of traffic accidents.Conclusion: The mortality rate among hospitalized polytrauma patients in the tertiary institution in Bosnia and Herzegovina is similar to reported mortality rates in other countries with developed healthcare system.  

  6. BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA MONETARY SYSTEM AND TRADE DEFICIT

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    Marko Đogo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Currency Board system in BHgained solid confidence of BH public thanks to therelatively low inflation rate in the period since it hasbeen introduced as well as thanks to its resistance tothe shock created by current world economy crisis.Still, some economists are very suspicious about itslong terms subsistence relating it to the constantlyhigh trade deficit and low unemployment rate in thecountry. A discussion about satisfaction of Marshal-Lerner-Robinson’s requirement for successfuldevaluation has arisen because the foreign currencyexchange rate was one of the measures suggested bythis group of economists. Tests conducted in thispaper show that this requirement is not satisfied.Consequently, BH should turn to the real economyreforms instead of the measures of abandonment ofpresent monetary system.

  7. Consumer Attitude Toward Mobile Marketing in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Irma Jasarspahic

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Driven by the ongoing evolution in mobile technologies and the increasing popularity of the internet, the mobile marketing is becoming more and more popular to marketers whose aim is definitely to promote their goods and services to the consumer. Since many people are still unaware of the potential of marketing via mobile devices this research aimed to examine factors based on content of mobile marketing (entertainment, information, irritation, utility and personalization and frequency factor that are affecting the formation of attitude toward mobile marketing targeting BH consumers, and also will try bring to light the response behavior of consumers attitude toward mobile marketing practices and how consumers perceive mobile marketing in BH. The research approach for this study is descriptive and the data was collected by 200 online surveys from young population of BH. The data was analyzed using the software program SPSS. Based on analysis and findings, variables of content have different effect on consumer attitude. Research has shown that a lot of respondents believe mobile marketing is a good idea and that they certainly eases the need for products and services. This paper could be used as a good basis for future research on bigger sample.

  8. Money as Justice: The Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Alma Begicevic

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available If reparations are universally accepted as a victims’ right to remedy, included in numerous international law instruments, why is it then that victims are unable to access it? By taking a socio-legal approach to the problem of post-war monetary reparation, the study examines the nexus between money, justice and recognition. At a normative level the study examines how reparations are conceptualized and their meaning in post-conflict transition. At a procedural level it identifies obstacles and gaps in the national, regional and international legal architecture and at an empirical level it investigates people’s experiences in regards to accessing monetary reparations. The study considers the meaning of money in post-war reparation and state transformative processes and significance of civil law in addressing serious violations of human rights and gross violations of humanitarian law. Si universalmente se acepta que las reparaciones son un derecho de las víctimas a obtener una compensación, recogido en numerosos instrumentos de derecho internacional, ¿por qué las víctimas no son capaces de acceder a él? Este artículo analiza la relación entre dinero, justicia y reconocimiento a partir de un enfoque sociojurídico de la reparación económica de posguerra. A nivel normativo, el estudio examina cómo se conceptualizan las reparaciones y cuál es su significado en la transición post-conflicto. En nivel procesal, identifica obstáculos y lagunas en la arquitectura legal nacional, regional e internacional, y a nivel empírico, investiga las experiencias de las personas en el acceso a reparaciones económicas. El estudio tiene en cuenta el significado del dinero en las reparaciones de posguerra y los procesos de transformación del estado y el significado del derecho civil al abordar violaciones serias de los derechos humanos y graves violaciones del derecho humanitario.DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2831415

  9. Internet Transparentnost u Finansijskom Sektoru Bosne i Hercegovine/ Internet Transparency in Financial Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Zlatković Matea

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Raising the quality of corporate governance has a direct positive impact on company’s market value, allowing the use of variety of forms of financing: national and international, public and private, which strengthen their long-term development. The purpose of this paper is to explore the Internet transparency in banks and insurance companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina and detect the differences between the banking and insurance sectors in terms of transparency in certain areas of corporate governance. The necessary data for the study were obtained by reviewing corporate websites. The results of discrimination analysis show that there is a difference in the internet transparency between banking and insurance sectors in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  10. Possibilities for Social Cohesion in Education: Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Kelly

    2011-01-01

    In postwar Bosnia-Herzegovina, segregation along ethno-nationalistic lines and divergent pedagogies within the education system have presented challenges to social cohesion and the long-term stability of a society that is still struggling to rebuild, reconcile, and regain trust (Jancic, 2008). This article examines the current state of the…

  11. Some characteristics of social interactions among adolescents in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klarin M

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Mira Klarin,1 Ana Pororokovic,2 Slavica Šimic Šašic,1 Violeta Arnaudova31Department of Teacher and Preschool Teacher Education, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia; 2Department of Psychology, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia; 3Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Psychology, University of Ciril and Method, Skopje, MacedoniaIntroduction: The bioecological model refers to the basic social needs that a person has satisfied through social interactions. In individualist cultures, the need for independence is emphasized with the aim of self-realization and personal achievement. In collectivist cultures, togetherness is encouraged and it prevails over individuality.Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether there were differences in adolescents (n = 1033 from three different cultural environments (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia with regard to the various aspects of the social interactions and behaviors these adolescents exercise with their parents and friends.Methods: Three groups of questionnaires were used: those that measure family interactions (the quality of family interactions, loneliness in the family, and family influence; those that assess peer interactions (quality of friendships, social loneliness, and influence of friendships; and those that examined behavioral variables (self-esteem, aggression, and prosocialness.Results: Discriminant analysis has shown that there are two significant functions that differentiate subjects from the three different cultural environments. The first discriminant function that adequately discriminates between subjects in all three cultural environments is related to social and family loneliness and the influence of friends. Loneliness in the family, social loneliness, and influence of friends are most prevalent among adolescents in Macedonia and least among adolescents in Croatia. The second function that distinguished adolescents in Croatia from those in the other two cultural

  12. Care providers’ needs and perspectives on suffering and care in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia

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    Laura McDonald

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This exploratory study aimed to obtain insight into field-level care providers’ views on suffering and healing as well as existing obstacles and needs related to providing care to their clients. This research provides a “snapshot” for a better understanding of existing care systems in two post-conflict settings. By identifying existing approaches to care and the needs of the care provider community, this research might be useful in guiding psychosocial assistance programming in post-conflict settings. Utilizing a semi-structured questionnaire, 45 care providers were interviewed, including local health care practitioners, traditional/spiritual healers, and humanitarian relief workers, in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia. This study found that the majority of care providers in both settings perceived poverty and violence as significant causes and consequences of human suffering and, at the same time, felt ill-equipped in addressing these issues and related problems. Other issues that hindered these healers in providing care included: limited government/institutional support; lack of training; materialresources and funding. Study findings point to a new framework fordeveloping effective interventions and the need for further emphasison supporting care providers in their work, and most specifically, inidentifying and responding to poverty and violence.

  13. Care providers' needs and perspectives on suffering and care in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Laura; Mollica, Richard F; Douglas Kelley, Susan; Tor, Svang; Halilovic, Majda

    2012-01-01

    This exploratory study aimed to obtain insight into field-level care providers' views on suffering and healing as well as existing obstacles and needs related to providing care to their clients. This research provides a "snapshot" for a better understanding of existing care systems in two post-conflict settings. By identifying existing approaches to care and the needs of the care provider community, this research might be useful in guiding psychosocial assistance programming in post-conflict settings. Utilizing a semi-structured questionnaire, 45 care providers were interviewed, including local health care practitioners, traditional/ spiritual healers, and humanitarian relief workers, in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia. This study found that the majority of care providers in both settings perceived poverty and violence as significant causes and consequences of human suffering and, at the same time, felt ill-equipped in addressing these issues and related problems. Other issues that hindered these healers in providing care included: limited government/institutional support; lack of training; material resources and funding. Study findings point to a new framework for developing effective interventions and the need for further emphasis on supporting care providers in their work, and most specifically, in identifying and responding to poverty and violence.

  14. Pruritus in hemodialysis patients: Results from Fresenius dyalisis center, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Zoran Vrucinic

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Uremic pruritus (UP is a common and distressing complication of end-stage renal disease (ESRD. Aglobal cross-sectional study of 18,000 hemodialysis patientsreported a 42% prevalence of moderate or extreme UP, which was strongly associated with sleep disturbance, depression, impaired quality of life, and mortality. Pruritus is commonly encountered in individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD on hemodialysis (HD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in order to find out the prevalence of pruritus in patients on regular maintenance hemodialysis (HD as well as to analyze its relationship to age, sex of the patient, duration of hemodialysis in months per patient, serum levels of phosphate, PTH, KT/V (index of dialysis dose, parameters in the beggining of the study and six months after. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics- Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Chi-square test with Yates correction factor. Results: Sixty and two patients with ESRD (age ranging from 31 to 87years free from systemic, skin or psychiatric disorders and other secondary causes attributable to pruritis, undergoing maintenance HD (duration on HD 4-348months; mean 86.97 and median 79,5months at Fresenius dialysis center, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina were evaluated for pruritus. Pruritus has been discovered in 21 out of 34males (54,8% and 6 out of 28females (22,2%. Our study as many others showed that pruritus is very common (45.2% in HD patients. Applying c2 test with Yates correction factor is highly statistically significant (c2 = 8.003, p = 0.005 by gender. Research of the gender revealed that pruritus appeared more in men analysis. There were no significant differences between other measured markers: to age, duration of hemodialysis in months per patient, serum levels of phosphate, PTH, KT/V (index of dialysis dose in patients with pruritus and in patients without pruritus. Conclusions:This first cross-sectional study

  15. Marital quality and relationship satisfaction in war veterans and their wives in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Miro Klaric

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD in war veterans and its complex emotional and behavioral characteristics affect veterans’ partners and the quality of their relationships. Although most research focuses on the effects of veterans’ PTSD on their partners/wives and their relationships, not many findings have been established on partner adjustment and marriage quality when wives suffer from PTSD as well.The aim of the research was to examine the relationship between war-related posttraumatic stress symptoms and partner's marital satisfaction in couples where one or both partners suffer from PTSD.The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and Dyadic Adjustment Scale encompassed 154 war veterans and their wives who had been treated at Mostar Clinical Hospital in Bosnia and Herzegovina for combat-related PTSD as well as 77 veterans who did not suffer from PTSD and their wives.Veterans’ PTSD is related to lower levels of marital adjustment of their wives. Marital adjustment was significantly lower in couples where both partners had PTSD compared with couples where only the veteran had PTSD or neither partner had PTSD. Female partner's marital adjustment is best explained by his avoidance symptoms and her own level of depressiveness and re-experiencing symptoms.The results highlight the importance of recognizing PTSD in wives of traumatized veterans as well as the importance of family approach in the treatment of PTSD.For the abstract or full text in other languages, please see Supplementary files under Reading Tools online

  16. Sustainable energy and development in disadvantaged communities: New approaches from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, and Slovakia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Legro, Susan [Eco Ltd (Czech Republic)

    2007-07-01

    This paper examines two community projects implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The first, Promoting Access to Energy Services to Foster Integration and Human Development for Disadvantaged Communities in Hungary and Slovakia with a Special Focus on the Roma, built on regional development work with isolated communities without reliable access to heat and electricity. The second, Energy Efficiency in Housing in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), focused on a network of communities where rebuilding was underway following the Balkans conflict. While the projects took place in different environments, both shared common approaches. First, they focused on community energy planning in areas where infrastructure was severely deficient. Planning was designed so that current investments in building stock would not have to be retrofitted later for efficiency. Second, they linked energy agencies and NGOs with institutions outside of the energy/environment community, such as the National Minority Self Government in Hungary and the Ministry of Refugees in BiH . The projects thus leveraged funds and expertise from new sources while raising awareness of sustainable energy issues in organizations already funding infrastructure.While time and funding were limited by the terms of the grants, both projects established a foundation of information, planning, and partnerships. Both projects included baseline energy studies, training workshops, and practical guides for local leaders. In addition, there were tangible community benefits in education (reliable heat supply for a new kindergarten), jobs creation (wood-chipping in a municipal forest), and business development (contracts for efficient construction)

  17. Emerging cases of chlamydial abortion in sheep and goats in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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    Spičic, Silvio; Račić Ivana; Andrijanić, Milan; Duvnjak, Sanja; Zdelar-Tuk, Maja; Stepanić, Maja; Cvetnić, Zeljko

    2015-01-01

    In a recent lambing season (2012/2013), the seroprevalence of ovine chlamydiosis was monitored in small ruminant abortion cases in Croatia. Blood samples of 93 sheep and 69 goats were examined. In addition, 50 sheep and 61 goat samples were tested using molecular methods. Furthermore, 14 sheep blood samples, one goat blood sample and one sheep placenta sample from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) were also tested as a part of inter-laboratory cooperation. Overall high seroprevalence was detected in sheep, 19.6% with the ELISA IDEXX kit and 20.5% with the ClVTEST kit. Seroprevalence in goats was 11.4%. In BIH, four sheep and one goat blood sample were seropositive for chlamydiosis. The disease causing agent, Chlamydia abortus (C. abortus) was confirmed using molecular methods in two sheep flocks in continental Croatia and in one sheep flock in BIH. In this study, C. abortus infection in sheep was identified for the first time in Croatia using species specific molecular methods. Ovine chlamydiosis is present in national sheep and goat flocks in Croatia and BIH. Thus should be subject to ongoing controls in the case of abortion. A combination of serological and molecular methods should be used for optimal laboratory diagnostics of C. abortus.

  18. Psychological consequences of war-traumatized children and adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Mevludin Hasanović

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Research into the psychosocial consequences of war and political violence on children’s and adolescent’s developmental wellbeing has shown a steady increase over the last decades. Numerous studies, from differing cultures in different war zones around the world, have documented the effect on children of exposure to war atrocities. The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH 1992-1995, at the end of 20th century found the citizens of BH and the world mental health professionals and scientists unprepared to deal with the adverse consequences for the entire BH population and especially for its most vulnerable part, children and adolescents, to be able to take adequate measures of sufficient mental health care to prevent devastating consequences of severe multiple traumas. Only a few research studies were done during and after this war in BH, the United States, Sweden, Norway, the UK and Germany focusing on the relationship between war trauma, Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, depression, suicidal thoughts, acculturation, repatriation, poverty, behavioral problems, school adjustment, relational problems of children and their mothers after deployment of war PTSD veterans and war prisoners, and treatment of psychological consequences in examined children and adolescents from BH. The major part of this paper reviewed available literature on Medline that reported national and international studies which investigated the psychological consequences of war on BH children and adolescents and several papers about children and adolescents from Srebrenica, that were not indexed on Medline, but showed very crucial results for the issue described.

  19. Influence of ironworks on distribution of chemical elements in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

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    Jasminka Alijagić

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is the study of the distribution of chemical elements in attic dust and topsoil for the identification of anthropogenic and geogenic element sources in an old metallurgic area in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia (Slo – BiH bilateral project “Heavy metals in environment as consequences of mining and smelting in the past”. Samples of attic dust and topsoil were collected in localities in BiH (Zenica, Vareš and Ilijaš and Slovenia (Jesenice, Štore and Ravne.Analysis for 42 chemical elements was performed. Based on a comparison of statistical parameters, spatial distribution of particular elements and results of cluster analysis one natural and two anthropogenic geochemical associations were identified. The natural geochemical association (Al-K-La-Sc-Th-Ti is influenced mainly by lithology. The anthropogenic association (Co-Cr-Mo-Ni-V-W is the result of iron metallurgy in the past. The second anthropogenic association (Ag-As-Cd-Fe-Hg-Mn-Pb-Sb-Sn-Zn is the result of high level of sulphide phase in iron ore (Vareš and zinc and sulphuric acid production in the Celje area.

  20. Self-reported and observed seat belt use--A case study: Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipovac, Krsto; Tešić, Milan; Marić, Bojan; Đerić, Miroslav

    2015-11-01

    The issue of seat belt use in middle- and low-income countries is strongly evident and has as a result higher rates of fatalities and seriously injured on the roads. The first systematic field research of the seat belt use while driving was carried out in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 2011-2012. Research methodology consisted of two mutually conditioned parts (observation and self-reported behavior). Specific features of the methodology used are in the relationship between the observed and interviewed drivers which enabled the analysis of their observed and self-reported behavior while driving. The logistic regression method was used in this work to make the analysis of the influence of personal human characteristics (gender, age, education, exposure) and vehicles' characteristics (age) on the observed and self-reported driving behavior, from the point of view of seat belt use while driving. The influence of the listed factors on driving behavior, depending on road type (urban or rural), was given special attention in the analysis. The paper shows that certain factors do not have the same impact on driving behavior, in various conditions. Based on results from this study, it will be possible to define certain critical groups of road users and the way in which they must be addressed in order to increase the seat belt wearing rate.

  1. SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WOMEN ABSTINENTS AND VOTERS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Srdjan Puhalo

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Our research aims to find out if there is a difference between women voters and abstinents in Bosnia and Herzegovina, considering certain socio-psychological characteristics. For the purpose of this research we used Likert scales to measure: tolerance to other ideas, nationalism, ethical superiority, attitude towards leader, conformism, liberalism/conservativism and locus of control. This research was con-ducted in May 2007 on the sample of 547 women voters and 214 women abstinents. Results show that socio-demographic characteristics differ potential women voters from women abstinents. Women who are more active (educated, employed or mem-bers of some political party in their everyday life are more likely to go to the electi-ons and vote. Discriminative analysis showed that women voters and abstinents significantly differed at four of total seven variables. The difference between women voters and abstinents is in ethical superiority, acceptance of nationalism, tolerance to other ideas and attitude towards leader. Therefore it seems that women abstinents have greater democratic potential than women voters.

  2. The Relation of Students’ Choice of Private Higher Education and Marketing Strategies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ozbal Okai

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Severe market conditions and advancing technology demand a well-planned and a strategic marketing approach in all sectors as well as in education sector. This study examined the relationship between the students’ choice and the marketing strategies of private higher education (HE in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH. To perceive this relation, we chose one of the private universities in Sarajevo. The study is based on a student survey which employed a questionnaire of 55 questions under 4 sub-groups and was done by 146 students. The first step of the questionnaire was determining the motives of the students to attend a private HE institution. The next part was to investigate the information sources of the students. These two steps followed the understanding of the evaluation criteria and the decision process of the students. Finally, the survey was concluded with the post enrollment observations of the students. The data obtained analyzed by SPSS software. The results revealed a strong consistency. The students were willing to have quality education and improve themselves via HE. They were using internet as a prior information source but would not make a final decision without parents’ confirmation. The overall satisfaction of the students showed that our subject university communicates with the target groups efficiently and enjoys the benefits of positive ‘word of mouth’ marketing. Finally, we addressed the marketing strategies that we reaped throughout the study to suggest a course of action to private HEIs in the conclusion part.

  3. BARRIERS IN MULTICULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIA AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ana Barić

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Companies that work in multicultural environments face several challenges in their everyday business life. In this article we focus on the communication aspect of working in multicultural business environments. We test the hypothesis that companies that work in multicultural environments are subject to communication barriers due to different cultural backgrounds of people that engage in these types of communication. We test the hypothesis through a case study of two companies, one from Bosnia and Herzegovina and one from Slovenia, that engage in mutual multicultural communication. Through an in-depth interview with the project manager who takes part in this communication every day and a survey with the employees, we identify and analyse the communication barriers that the employees perceive as relevant to their business processes. We overcome these barriers through the application of the fruitful intercultural business communication model. The main contribution of this work lies in demonstrating the applicability of this model to practical cases and the demonstration of the fact that cultural barriers can exist and inhibit successful business even in environments in close sociocultural and geographic proximity.

  4. Labor market performance in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina from a gender perspective

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    Ognjen Radonjić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze some aspects of the efficiency of labor markets in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina and compare resulting outcomes with the outcomes of labor markets efficiency in selected economies of the European Union. A particular focus of our analysis is on gender equality, due to the fact that not only gender inequality negatively affects the quality of life of individuals and society in general, but also can produce significant macroeconomic losses which negatively affect economic growth and development. When formulating policy that aims to increase the employability and income of the local population, our recommendation to governments, non-governmental and supranational institutions is to simultaneously take all necessary steps in order to provide women equal access to labor markets. This primarily refers to equality in access to newly created jobs, the uniformity of wages for a work with equal qualification, equal access to employment in formal economy, equal safety at work, equal access to social safety net etc.

  5. An Empirical Study on Liquidity risk and its determinants in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ganić Mehmed

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the research of liquidity risk and its determinants in banking sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H. The aim of this paper is to to examine banks' exposure to liquidity risk in the context of 17 out of 28 commercial banks in B&H, by using data in the period 2002-2012. In the empirical part of the research the multiple regression analysis will be applied with the aim to test the statistical significance and explanatory power of selected variables using various data analysis techniques. For the purpose of analysis of the subject matter and the aim of the research, our paper is organized as follows: After background information about trends in liquidity position of banking sector in B&H and its development is provided in Section 1, Section 2 provides a brief overview of the conducted researches in recent years related to the determinants of the commercial banks’ liquidity. Section 3 describes models and variables used in the models & hypotheses. Section 4 analyzes and interprets the empirical findings the impact of explanatory variables on banks' exposure to liquidity risk. Finally, the research conducted in this study showed that most of the analyzed variables had a certain influence on determining the level of banks' exposure to liquidity risk Based on this research the commercial banks should further decide which a variable needs to be used in order to achieve desired level of liquidity.

  6. Environmental risks of farmed and barren alkaline coal ash landfills in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dellantonio, A.; Fitz, W.J.; Custovic, H.; Repmann, F.; Schneider, B.U.; Grunewald, H.; Gruber, V.; Zgorelec, Z.; Zerem, N.; Carter, C.; Markovic, M.; Puschenreiter, M.; Wenzel, W.W. [University for Natural Resources & Applied Life Science, Vienna (Austria)

    2008-06-15

    The disposal of coal combustion residues (CCR) has led to a significant consumption of land in the West Balkan region. In Tuzla (Bosnia and Herzegovina) we studied previously soil-covered (farmed) and barren CCR landfills including management practises, field ageing of CCR and the transfer of trace elements into crops, wild plants and wastewaters. Soil tillage resulted in mixing of cover soil with CCR. Medicago sativa showed very low Cu:Mo ratios (1.25) which may cause hypocuprosis in ruminants. Total loads of inorganic pollutants in the CCR transport water, but not pH (similar to 12), were below regulatory limits of most EU countries. Arsenic concentrations in CCR transport water were < 2 {mu} g l{sup -1} whereas reductive conditions in an abandoned landfill significantly enhanced concentrations in leachates (44 {mu} g l{sup -1}). The opposite pattern was found for Cr likely due to large initial leaching of CrVI. Public use of landfills, including farming, should be based on a prior risk assessment due to the heterogeneity of CCR.

  7. Bosnia and Herzegovina General Elections, 2010: Analysis of Pre-Election Rhetoric

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    Adis Arapovic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a postconflict and transitional country with sui generis political system of low efficiency, creates and conducts its politics in a specific ambient of reduced sovereignty and responsibility of domestic institutions and other political subjects. Such political ambient is suitable to proliferation of nationalistic, confrontational and anti-constitutional rhetoric and practices, which reach its peak during period of pre-election campaigns.Unfinished legislative election framework, purposeful obstruction of international election standards and domestic legislative on behalf of most of political subjects, deficiency of professional and independent media, undeveloped civic society, and politicized and undercapacitated institutions which are involved with subject of regularity of the election process, are the reason for lack of candidate's will for constitutional, legislative and ethical behavious during pre-election campaign.Due to this, pre-election campaign of most of political subjects is mainly negative, and not focused on elementary questions of standard of living and priority challenges of state and society (necessary constitutional reforms, Euro-Atlantic integrations, structural economic reforms, unemployment etc., but on mutual confrontations, stress on big political questions of the status of entities and constituent nations, then on nationalistic rhetorics of negating consitutional and historical facts, and on mutual ungrounded discreditation, which generates atmosphere of fear, national homogenization and searching of the culprit for bad situation in society, inside of other national corpus, and not among own political representtatives.

  8. The Impact of Brand Equity Assets on Consumer Preference for Foreign Brands in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ena Kumbara

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In the free market consumers are faced with a different variation while they making purchase decision. Brand as a term, name, and symbol gives quality and satisfy needs of consumers and on that way assure self recognition. Main objective of this study is to determine the factors which influence consumers to buy international brands rather than national brands. This study has four independent variables and one dependent variable. Data for this study will be collected using online surveys based on the previous researches about brand equity and its dimensions. Sample for this study were 214 respondents form the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Using descriptive statistics, correlation and multiple regression analyses these data are measured. Results of this research will give benefits to marketing professionals in Bosnian industries where they can try to understand consumers- whether brand equity and its dimensions affect their purchasing decision and does that effect have negative or positive impact. Contribution of this study is reflected in that Bosnian manufacturers and sellers can better meet consumer’s wishes and needs, possibilities of potential consumers in this strained economy.

  9. SERVICE USER INVOLVEMENT IN SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE, EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

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    Sanela Čekić Bašić

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that the social work profession is considered to be a profession “promoting ... empowerment and liberation of individuals in order to attain greater level of well-being“, the inclusion of the user perspective is a relatively new and still much debated phenomenon. Having in mind that the involvement of service users as experience experts in social work practice, education and research is a very demanding and complex process, the paper analyses a number of challenges faced by social workers, teachers and researchers in their everyday work due to the requirement of inclusion of the service user perspective. The idea of service user involvement in planning, execution and evaluation of curricular contents is a quite recent one in Bosnia and Herzegovina since the social work education reflects the idea on professionals (social workers, teachers or researchers as ultimate knowledge holders. The author defines two categories of factors obstructing the service user involvement in the education and research process: one is related to education institutions and the other to service users, i.e. their organizations, and discusses necessary prerequisites for stronger connections between institutions (departments of social work, practice and service users.

  10. Forensic evaluation of persons with destructive behavior in the postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Novaković Milan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Different persons show forensic differences related to aggressive behavior in criminal and violation acts. The aim of this study was to forensically analyze the influence of socio-dynamic conditions and stress in testing the forensic hypothesis of hetero-destruction, and analysis of persons with destructive behavior in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H in the period from 1996−2005. Methods. The experimental group consisted of 125 persons who had committed a crime according to the Criminal Law of B&H and, thus were under security measures or treatment. The control group consisted of 125 persons who had committed a violation. The following psychometric tests/questionnaires were used in the study: Eysenek Personality Questionnaire (EPQ, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI and Profile Index of Emotions (PIE. Results. There were a significant difference between the respondents’ groups related to gender (p < 0.01, while broken family, migration, and family comorbidity showed insignificant differences. EPQ test showed statistically significant differences between the groups for all four variables, and Beck test found significant differences only for some ones. PIE test proved the relations of the basic emotions confirmed by discriminative function. Conclusion. High level of hetero-destruction in crime was proven in the study. Criminal acts and violations were committed by the persons without psychopathology, as well as by the persons with mental diseases, which rendered a forensic responsibility and analysis of such an influence on behavior.

  11. Implementation of ISO 9001:2008 & Standards for Accreditation at Private University in Bosnia And Herzegovina

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    Ensar Mekić

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Main objective of this work is to provide empirical evidence that implementing ISO 9001:2008 and standards for accreditation required by Agency for Development of Higher Education and Quality Assurance (HEA is good way to achieve success on the way to improve quality of higher education institution. In analytical part of this paper, mainly descriptive statistics will be used since issue is related to presenting results of measurements conducted by institution over years. List of HEI’s (higher education institutions indicators of quality will be analyzed over years in order to compare institution’s performance over years after implementing of ISO 9001:2008 and standards for accreditation required by HEA. Data was collected through annual and semiannual reports of HEI conducted from 2009 to 2014. After comparative analysis of data over years, trend line is obvious in following all quality indicators which is great empirical evidence that implementation of ISO 9001:2008 and accreditation standards required by HEA are good way to improve quality of HEI. Main contribution of this work to science is empirical evidence that implementation of ISO 9001:2008 and accreditation criteria of HEA leads to increase of quality at institution level. Also, it is good stimuli for future research, and it provides potential idea of integrating ISO 9001:2008 and accreditation criteria with aim to create unique quality model for HEIs in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  12. Institutional Discrimination against the MinorityGroups in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Barrier to EU Membership

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    Bedrudin Brljavac

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Although over more than 10 years Bosnia and Herzegovina has been going through an extensive European Union-related reform process, the country is still facing serious democratic deficit. In particular, the post-Dayton public sphere has been dominated by ethno-nationalist political elites which are doing everything to exclude non-nationalists and members of minority groups from the decision-making process. This is a clear paradox since one of the main objectives behind the integration of the European countries into the European Community was to reduce disintegrative and dangerous influences of nationalists and establish a peaceful, prosperous, and secure community. In this article, we analyze the process of the post-Dayton ethno-nationalization resulting in a widespread discrimination against the so-called ―others‖ as they are defined in the Constitution. In the post-war BiH, democratic participation has turned into a competition between the three ethnic communities, Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats, rather than race of equal individuals having equal right of vote. That‘s why Bosnian people are still living under the political system which is closer to ethno-democracy or ethnocracy rather than democratic regime. Under such a discriminatory regime BiH can not enter the European Union, which is a model of open and democratic society.

  13. Factors influencing pain therapy for metastatic cancer patients in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ivana Tica Sedlar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To investigate cancer pain management and evaluate factors that could be addressed and lead to potential improvement of pain therapy. Materials and methods. Two hundred patients with metastatic cancer pain at the Department of Oncology, University Hospital Mostar, completed questionnaires about cancer pain treatment. Thirty oncologists from the Cancer Institute, University of Sarajevo and the Department of Oncology, Clinical Hospital, Mostar were asked to complete the questionnaire about cancer pain management. Results. Compliance for analgesics was statistically better (p=0.013 for patients who were regularly asked about pain than for those patients who were asked periodically. Nearly twice as many patients, whom the doctor always asked about pain, regularly took medication (65.5% versus 32.8%. There was a statistically significant, positive relationship between regular use of analgesics and the interest of the doctor about pain reduction after initiation of analgesic therapy (p=0.008. Almost half of the patients, 47%, stated that their doctor did not devote enough time to their pain problems during the interview. Statistically significantly more patients took analgesic medication regularly if they were not afraid of narcotics (p=0.006. Numerical or VAS scales in description of cancer pain were used by only 30% of interviewed oncologists. The vast majority of doctors, 86.7%, used opiates for the terminal phase of the illness. Conclusion. Assessment and the treatment of cancer pain in Bosnia and Herzegovina remains inadequate, emphasizing the need for changes to cancer pain patient care.

  14. Implementation of quality assurance in diagnostic radiology in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republic of Srpska).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosnjak, J; Ciraj-Bjelac, O; Strbac, B

    2008-01-01

    Application of a quality control (QC) programme is very important when optimisation of image quality and reduction of patient exposure is desired. QC surveys of diagnostics imaging equipment in Republic of Srpska (entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina) has been systematically performed since 2001. The presented results are mostly related to the QC test results of X-ray tubes and generators for diagnostic radiology units in 92 radiology departments. In addition, results include workplace monitoring and usage of personal protective devices for staff and patients. Presented results showed the improvements in the implementation of the QC programme within the period 2001--2005. Also, more attention is given to appropriate maintenance of imaging equipment, which was one of the main problems in the past. Implementation of a QC programme is a continuous and complex process. To achieve good performance of imaging equipment, additional tests are to be introduced, along with image quality assessment and patient dosimetry. Training is very important in order to achieve these goals.

  15. USING ECONOMETRICS TO UNDERSTAND INCLUSION OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN THE WORKFORCE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ensar Sehic

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Persons with disabilities have relevant working capacity. Employers who recruit those persons assume that their disabilities do not decrease organization’s productivity. Persons with disabilities can normally fit into working environment. The studies of employers’ attitude towards persons with disabilities are rare and of limited scope in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. The aim of this ultidisciplinary research is twofold: to investigate factors that may influence employment of persons with disabilities, and to examine employers’ perceptions of persons with disabilities in terms of potential employment. The research team uses a sample of 101 employers from BiH and performs the logit model maximum likelihood estimation. The results show that the size of organization, in terms of the number of employees, primarily influences the likelihood of employment of persons with disabilities. There is an inverse relationship between employment opportunities and the organization size. One possible explanation for this relationship is that large companies already recruit persons with disabilities and therefore have no additional opportunities. Other coefficients in the estimated model are not statistically significant. The research also shows that employers in BiH have a positive attitude towards persons with disabilities, but they face issues that can be resolved by government incentives.

  16. Prevalence of scoliosis in school-children from Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostojić, Zdenko; Kristo, Tina; Ostojić, Ljerka; Petrović, Pavao; Vasilj, Ivan; Santić, Zarko; Maslov, Boris; Vasilj, Oliver; Carić, Davor

    2006-03-01

    In the school-year 2002/2003 a prospective epidemiological study was performed with the aim of evaluating the prevalence and distribution of scoliosis in the population of schoolchildren from Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The general check-up of primary-school children covered a total of 2,517 children aged 7-14. The children in which at least one positive symptom of scoliosis was found were directed to undergo orthopedic examination and--if indicated--radiography. Incorrect posture was noted in 33.4% of children, and 11.8% of children were sent to orthopedic specialist examination. The prevalence of structural scoliosis amounted to 3.1%, with the spine curvature threshold being 10 degrees. In eight children (0.32%; 1 boy and 7 girls) a curvature of 20 degrees or more was diagnosed. The most common type of curvature was the thoracal (39%) and the thoraco-lumbar (39%) while 14 children had a double curvature (17.8%). A scoliosis was detected due to here performed check-up in 83.5% of children with scoliosis. No case of serious spine deformity (45 degree or more) was recorded, due to regular general check-ups taking place biannually in this population.

  17. OBSTACLES TO IMPLEMENTATION OF SOLVENCY II REGIME IN NONLIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Safet Kozarevic

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aimed at protection of the market and consumers, the control of solvency is very important for insurer’s business activities. Regarding the fact that insurer’s insolvency causes a chain of problems, the state regulation is needed that forces insurers to keep their solvency at the necessary level. Insurance companies in the European Union work on the implementation of a new regulatory framework defined by the Solvency II Directive, which demands a better risk management as well as a better connection of capital and risk profile, increased transparency, and higher flexibility of insurance companies’ business. In the period to come, this would present a huge challenge for the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH as well, which would need to prepare their resources for the introduction of the Solvency II concept. For this purpose, the analysis of the current condition of the insurance market in BiH was made. By using the primary research and applying the survey as a questioning technique, the attitudes were gathered on the current conditions and possibilities for the implementation of the Solvency II Directive into the business activities of insurance companies in BiH.

  18. ANALYSIS OF SYSTEMIC LIQUIDITY RISK FOR THE BANKING SECTOR IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (BH

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    Almir Alihodžić

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to relate the Danish concept of the “Balance Principle” to test the hypotheses of systemic liquidity risk in the banking sector. In the paper, the major econometric method is to gauge the general applicability of theories of liquidity and to test the applicable validity of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH. A prime example for this study is taken from the first quarter of 2004 to the second quarter of 2014. Our intention here is to consider the identification of macroeconomic parameters that positively affect the growth of the banking sector. The parameter liquidity, i.e. liquid assets / total assets will be observed as a dependent variable, and nonperforming loans / total loans, average profitability on equity capital, non-interest expenses / total revenue, the average required reserve, total loans, the money supply in the wider sense, net capital / risk weighted assets and net performing assets / total assets will be used as independent variables. The purpose of the paper is to determine whether there is interdependence in the movement between the independent and dependent variables through a multiple linear regression.

  19. Post-Conflict History Education in Finland, South Africa and Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Sirkka Ahonen

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A post-conflict society tends to get locked in a history war. As the practice of history in its broad sense is a moral craft, representations of guilt and victimhood prevail in social memory. The representations are often bolstered by mythical references, wherefore deconstruction of myths is expected from history education for the purposes of post-conflict reconciliation. This article deals with the post-conflict uses of history in Finland, South Africa and Bosnia-Herzegovina. The three cases constitute examples of a class war, a race conflict and an ethno-religious armed clash. The memory politics and history curricula differ between the cases. Their comparison indicates, how far an imposition of one ´truth´, a dialogue of two ´truths´ and segregation of different memory communities are feasible strategies of post-conflict history education. The article suggests that history lessons can be an asset instead of a liability in the pursuit of reconciliation.

  20. An Evaluation of Micro-Credit Programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina Using Porter’s Diamond Model

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    Mohammad HAMAD

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The effective design and delivery of a microcredit program is difficult under any circumstance. Similarly, the task of microcredit institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina that provide financial stability to its most impoverished members is very much complicated. The purpose of this paper is to explore competitive advantages that microcredit industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina has by using Porter's diamond model. The demonstration of the Diamond Model is used to explain the competitive advantage that the microcredit industry has in Bosnia and Herzegovina. To analyze the competitive advantages, secondary data were used from various institutional and governmental resources .The findings reflect that the meaningful objectives were set out by microcredit institutions in the country including objectively verifiable indicators of achievements. Among peers in Kosovo and in other Balkan regions (Albania, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, as well as peers similar in size and market outreach from Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ECA, the Bosnian microcredit institutions are some of the most highly leveraged. There is a clear upward trend in the median indicator for portfolio at risk between 2006 and 2008. The inflationary pressures that started at the end of 2007 in BH as well as the repercussions of the global 2008/2009 financial crisis have affected the repayment capacity of clients. From a policy perspective, the results suggest that in order to improve efficiency in the microcredit sector, and in the financial sector as a whole, a unified banking agency for the country must be established. Despite being hopeful for future, this doesn't seem likely to happen until the Bosnian Constitution is amended sometime in the future.

  1. Cochrane and its prospects in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Relying on Cochrane Croatia

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    Mersiha Mahmić-Kaknjo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we describe Cochrane and its products: Cochrane systematic reviews (CSRs and other Cochrane evidence. Cochrane is a unique, international, non-profit organisation that offers health care providers, health care consumers and other decision makers unbiased and highly reliable information on health, which is pivotal for conscientious and responsible decision making in overall healthcare. Cochrane offers the highest ranked evidence in Evidence Based Medicine (EBM – systematic reviews. Currently, CSRs are freely available in BH, and therefore, they ought to be widely used, and understood. We will present the new Cochrane Strategy to 2020, which was the main topic of the 6th Croatian Cochrane Symposium (CroCoS, as well as explore prospects for spreading Cochrane activities to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH, through collaboration with Cochrane Croatia. BH has no officially organized Cochrane activity, as yet. We hope that this article will raise awareness about Cochrane in BH, help promote its activities, and deepen the existing collaboration with Cochrane Croatia. There are already some changes being introduced concerning Cochrane – at least, in one half, the Federation of BH (FBH. Two documents symbolising official recognition of policy changes towards Cochrane have recently been published in the Official Gazette of FBH. Conclusion. Since founding a BH Cochrane Branch would be costly and difficult to achieve in a complicated environment, such as the one we have, BH could use the good will, experience, knowledge, and translated educational, training and web materials of Cochrane Croatia, particularly given the language similarities, to promote evidence based medicine in BH.

  2. Transfer of production to Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina: External influences for companies approach to an appropriate entry mode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhic, Sefik

    This Ph.D. (dissertation) represents a personal scientific pathway, continued after many years of uncertainty, characteristic for life in B&H after dissolution of the former Yugoslavia. In this period, I was working on my first Ph.D. at the University of Banjaluka, B&H, which was nearly finished...... at companies and managers in both Denmark (western Europe) and the “former Yugoslavia” (Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina). It will give an understanding and perspective of the situations that can and will be encountered, should they wish to establish production in the former Yugoslavia (“appropriate...

  3. Seasonal and regional variations of the iodine content in milk from Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ćazim Crnkić

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the iodine concentrations in raw cow’s milk produced in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H and to evaluate the milk iodine contribution to the iodine intake in the B&H population. Milk samples (n=139 were taken from five regions during the spring, summer and winter season. Iodine concentrations were determined by the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS method. The mean (± standard deviation milk iodine concentration was 60.9±67.5 μg/kg and ranged from 4.4 to 378.7 μg/kg. Winter milk had higher iodine content (84.0±88.2 μg/kg than the spring (45.3±46.7 μg/kg and summer milk (51.3±51.0 μg/kg, although two of five investigated regions did not follow this tendency and had the similar milk iodine content in all three seasons. Very low iodine concentrations (<20 μg/kg were found in 41 milk samples from four regions indicating extensive iodine deficiency in dairy cows. Milk samples from the north-east of the country had much more iodine than samples from other regions in all seasons with no values below 20 μg/kg. With the current average intake of 0.4 L milk per day, the milk contributes with 20 % of the recommended iodine intake for humans, ranging from 6 % to 72 % depending on the season of the year and the region of the country. The results indicate the need for iodine supplementation of animal diets, as well as for increased milk consumption in human population.

  4. Devonian conodonts from the Foča–Prača Paleozoic complex (Durmitor Nappe, southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Bogdan Jurkovšek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Conodont study of the Crna Rijeka borehole CR-17, positioned in the frontal part of the Durmitor Nappe (Foča – Prača Paleozoic complex, SE Bosnia and Herzegovina is presented. The obtained fauna indicates an Early-Middle Devonian age and due to poor preservation an identification at a generic level is possible only. The recovered conodont elements have a high Color Alteration Index (CAI = 6,5–7 indicating a degree of metamorphism corresponding to a temperature interval from 440 °C to 720 °C.

  5. Intrafamilial Transmission of Hepatitis B: Experience and Lessons Learned in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nermin N. Salkic

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV infection varies markedly throughout the world, ranging from 0.1% to 20%, hence the conceptual division into zones of low ( 8% endemicity. It is widely accepted that in regions of high endemicity, infection in the neonatal and early-childhood periods is very frequent, and apparently 70% to 90% of the population in highly endemic areas is exposed to HBV before reaching 40 years of age (1. On the other hand, in low-endemicity areas, neonatal and early-childhood infection are rare or sporadic. The situation becomes quite interesting in areas of intermediate endemicity, in which the age of infection and dominant routes of transmission vary from region to region and depend on regional characteristics (2. .Family members and household contacts of HBV carriers are a well recognized risk group for HBV transmission, and the routes of intrafamilial spread of HBV infection have been investigated since the very beginning of HBV research (3, 4. Investigation of intrafamilial transmission in a particular region usually reveals valuable information about the routes of HBV spread in general, and many researchers from several distinct geographic areas have explored the problem and described local peculiarities (5-12..Hepatitis B in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Prior to 2007, exact data on HBV prevalence in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H did not exist; the only data we had came from the World Health Organization's (WHO estimate, calculated as a simple average of prevalence in neighboring countries. Also, we did not know anything about the dominant routes of HBV transmission in our country, nor did we know anything about intrafamilial transmission of HBV. Still, this lack of reliable information was not unusual. As a country just coming out of a horrible war, with massive population migration and with the society's resources directed toward restoration of everything that was destroyed, we had a challenging setting for any

  6. Qualitative analysis of coal combusted in boilers of the thermal power plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Đurić Slavko N.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have looked into the qualitative analysis of coals in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B-H. The analysis includes the following characteristics: moisture (W, ash (A, combustible matter (Vg and lower heating value (Hd. From the statistic parameters we have determined: absolute range (R, arithmetic mean (X, standard deviation (S and variations coefficient (Cv. It has been shown that the coal characteristics (W, A, Vg, Hd have normal distribution. The analysis show that there are considerable deviations of ash characteristics: moisture (36.23%, ash (34.21%, combustible matter (16.15% and lower heating value (25.16% from the mean value which is shown by the variations coefficient (Cv. Large oscilations of mass portions: W, A, Vg and Hd around the mean value can adversely influence the function of a boiler plant and an electric filter plant in thermal power plants in B-H in which the mentioned types of coal burn. Large ash oscilations (34.21% around the mean value point out to the inability of application of dry procedures of desulphurisation of smoke gasses (FGD due to the additional quantity of ash. It has been shown that the characteristics of Bosnian types of coal do not deviate a lot from the characteristics of coal in the surrounding countries (coals of Serbia and Monte Negro. The results can be used in analysis of coal combustion in thermal power plants, optimisation of electrical-filtre, reduction of SO2 in smoke gas and other practical problems.

  7. Leaf Morphology Variation of Populus nigra L. in Natural Populations along the Rivers in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Davorin Kajba

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: The aim was to determine the morphological differences between the hairy type of European black poplar (Populus nigra subsp. caudina and the typical type from the riparian forests populations as well as between the river systems. Hairy black poplar spreads in a mosaic pattern across the Submediterranean climatic type along the River Neretva and the typical European black poplar is growing on alluvial soils along large rivers in the territory of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Material and Methods: Samples for leaf morphometric analysis were collected in 17 natural populations of European black poplar along six rivers in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Results: Discriminant analyses have determined that in the differentiation of population groups largely contribute some characters such as the distance between the leaf widest part and the leaf base (DBW and the petiole length (PL. The differences between populations and analysed groups, as well as the differences between populations belonging to a particular river system, were confirmed for all studied characteristics. Conclusions: Significant differences have been determined between the typical and the hairy type of European black poplar in the studied morphological traits and these dissimilarities are in accordance with the climatic differences in respective habitats of continental riparian forests and the Submediterranean type of climate. Populations sampled in the lower course of the River Neretva, which correspond to the hairy type of the European black poplar, have smaller leaves and a greater angle between the first lower lateral vein and the midrib.

  8. The prevalence and severity of early childhood caries in preschool children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Lejla Šačić

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study was to assess caries prevalence and severity in preschool children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, the relationship between the frequency and clinical types of early childhood caries and behavioral factors, oral hygiene and eating habits were assessed. Subjects and methods. An oral health survey was performed in line with the World Health Organization methodology and criteria. The research consisted of clinical examinations of children to determine dentition status, oral hygiene and severity of caries distribution according to Wyne’s classification. Information about behavioral factors was collected by means of a questionnaire administered to parents/guardians. Results. The sample consisted of a total of 165 preschool children aged 3-5 years. Mean dmft (decay, missing, filled teeth index for primary dentition was 6.79. The percentage of caries-free children was 17.0%. The results showed a statistically significant correlation between oral hygiene and eating habits, and also the frequency and types of early childhood caries. Conclusion. The present study demonstrates high caries prevalence in preschool children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Community based preventive programs should be developed and urgently implemented, in order to achieve the WHO goals, improve oral and general health, thus improving the quality of life of these populations.

  9. Transition from paternalism to shared decision making – a review of the educational environment in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia

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    Marta Vučemilović

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we will review the benefits of a system built on partnership of physicians and their patients, highlight some of the factors which impede this transition, and propose ways to address these factors. Also, we are going to analyze the educational environment in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia concerning ethics and communication skills. Personal responsibility of patients for their health should be reflected in their joint involvement in health decisions with their physicians. Patients, insecure about their individual competence surrounding their health decisions, tend to shy away from responsibility, whereas physicians, pressured by the responsibilities of the profession, do not always show sensitivity to all of the patient’s concerns. They often treat illnesses instead of patients. A more open and collaborative relationship between the patient and the physician through shared decision making would be a better alternative. In the end, the patient ultimately decides whether a health intervention was satisfactory in fulfilling his or her specific needs. Transition from a paternalistic to a mutual relationship between doctors and patients has already begun. In an era of intense information sharing, shared decision making is a sensitive, ethical, legal, and political concept which needs empathic doctors with well-developed communication skills to integrate their clinical knowledge with patient-centered care. Conclusion. Transition from paternalistic to partner relation between physicians and patients is moving slowly ahead in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Educational environment is improving but needs intense efforts to develop further.

  10. Urban IDPs and Poverty: Analysis of the Effect of Mass Forced Displacement on Urban Poverty in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nermin Oruc

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the effect of mass forced displacement on urban poverty in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The process of displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina involved “forced evictions”, implying no choice in displacement decision, meaning that this type of rural-urban migration was not a rational decision driven by economic motives. Consequently, this can possibly lead to a larger incidence of poverty among displaced people. The paper starts with a discussion of the specific features of the process of forced displacement and their possibly different effect on urban poverty compared to voluntary migration, based on qualitative evidence collected through interviews with people who experienced forced displacement during the conflict in the 1990s. Then, the probit model of determinants of poverty, based on the Living Standards Measurement Survey data, was estimated in order to provide empirical evidence of the effect of mass forced displacement on urban poverty, as well as the difference in the poverty incidence among displaced people compared to voluntary migrants. The results suggest that consumption is significantly lower among displaced households, while incidence of poverty is not affected by displacement status. The evidence also contributes to the migration literature by providing specific results about the relationship between mass forced displacement and urban poverty.

  11. 1941 Resolutions of El-Hidaje in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a Case of Traditional Conflict Transformation

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    Onder Cetin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available During the Second World War, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under the authority of the Independent State of Crotia (NDH. The ruling Ustaa leadership of Ante Paveli\tcommitted haunting atrocities, especially towards Serb and Jewish population, aimed to "cleanse" the region. Despite the relative privileges that were granted to them by the Ustaa leaders, who treated Bosnian Muslims as Muslims of Croat nation, this article will present how Muslim ulama, convened under the framework of el-Hidaje Ilmijje organization, protested the atrocities committed towards both Muslims and the aforementioned victims of NDH, mainly through Resolutions circulated in several cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1941. I will argue that, these resolutions does not only represent an act of tolerance, such as Reis-ul-ulema Demaludin auevi\t`s initiatives during the anti-Serb riots after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, but also represent important clues and prospects how a religious organization can include in peacemaking in terms of conflict transformation at the grass root level, such as publicly condemning believers on their side who took part in these events and taking a stance vis-à-vis state bodies in times of crisis.

  12. 1941 Resolutions of El-Hidaje in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a Case of Traditional Conflict Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onder Cetin

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available During the Second World War, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under the authority of the Independent State of Crotia (NDH. The ruling Ustaa leadership of Ante Paveli committed haunting atrocities, especially towards Serb and Jewish population, aimed to “cleanse” the region. Despite the relative privileges that were granted to them by the Ustaa leaders, who treated Bosnian Muslims as Muslims of Croat nation, this article will present how Muslim ulama, convened under the framework of el-Hidaje Ilmijje organization, protested the atrocities committed towards both Muslims and the aforementioned victims of NDH, mainly through Resolutions circulated in several cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1941. I will argue that, these resolutions does not only represent an act of tolerance, such as Reis-ul-ulema Demaludin auevi\t`s initiatives during the anti-Serb riots after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, but also represent important clues and prospects how a religious organization can include in peacemaking in terms of conflict transformation at the grass root level, such as publicly condemning believers on their side who took part in these events and taking a stance vis-à-vis state bodies in times of crisis.

  13. Why Do Policy Leaders Adopt Global Education Reforms? A Political Analysis of SBM Reform Adoption in Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komatsu, Taro

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a political analysis of school-based management reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). School-based management (SBM), based on the principle of school autonomy and community participation, is a school governance system introduced in many parts of the world, including post-conflict nations. Such a phenomenon seems to follow the…

  14. FISH HATCHERY IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF BOSANSKA KRUPA IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PILOT PROJECT

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    N. Ajanovic

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The Norwegian Government financed the project GCP/BIH/003/NOR “Support to Income Generation through establishment of a Fish Hatchery in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, worth one million US dollars, that includes the construction of a fish hatchery on the banks of the River Krusnica in order to create jobs and incomes for people living with disability in Bosanska Krupa. The hatchery is dedicated to producing local strains of brown trout (Salmo trutta m. fario, grayling (Thymallus thymallus and Danube salmon (Hucho hucho for re–stocking the natural waters of the Krusnica/Una River catchments (and larger Bosnia and Herzegovina and Danube basin, support the rehabilitation of fish populations and to help revitalize local tourism. The Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO, based in Budapest, Hungary implements the project in close collaboration with the Sport Fishermen’s Association of Krusnica, which currently has 351 members. A fish hatchery, a pilot Recirculation Aquaculture System (RAS in the valley of the River Krusnica, is the first of its kind in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is suitable for production of 250,000 to 450,000 fingerlings annually. Five war invalids are employed at the hatchery continuously since fish production began in November of 2008. The production technology learned by the staff abroad was adapted to the local conditions. The hatchery is expected to be self–sustainable in its operation from sale of fingerlings. Since the hatchery activity has received wider publicity, anglers’ interest in the River Krusnica and River Una has increased. Further increase in the number of visitors is expected after restocking the fish into the river, since the bigger fish populations will attract more and more anglers.

  15. Knowledge, perception, practices and barriers of healthcare professionals in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards adverse drug reaction reporting and pharmacovigilance

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    Maša Amrain

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Pharmacovigilance is an arm of patient care. No one wants to harm patients, but unfortunately any medicine will sometimes do just this. Underreporting of adverse drug reactions by healthcare professionals is a major problem in many countries. In order to determine whether our pharmacovigilance system could be improved, and identify reasons for under-reporting, a study to investigate the role of health care professionals in adverse drug reaction (ADR reporting was performed.Methods: A pretested questionnaire comprising of 20 questions was designed for assessment of knowledge, perceptions, practice and barriers toward ADR reporting on a random sample of 1000 healthcare professionals in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Results: Of the 1000 respondents, 870 (87% completed the questionnaire. The survey showed that 62.9% health care professionals would report ADR to the Agency for Medicinal Products and Medical Device of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ALMBIH. Most of surveyed respondents has a positive perception towards ADR reporting, and believes that this is part of their professional and legal obligation, and they also recognize the importance of reporting adverse drug reactions. Only small percent (15.4% of surveyed health care professionals reported adverse drug reaction.Conclusions: The knowledge of ADRs and how to report them is inadequate among health care professionals. Perception toward ADR reporting was positive, but it is not reflected in the actual practice of ADRs, probably because of little experience and knowledge regarding pharmacovigilance. Interventions such as education and training, focusing on the aims of pharmacovigilance, completing the ADR form and clarifying the reporting criteria are strongly recommended.

  16. Challenges of small and medium sized companies at early stage of development: Insights from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Saša Petković

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to discover and understand factors that lead to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs shutdown in transitional economies, such as the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H. The paper provides some findings about main influencing factors that lead to SMEs shut down in the first years of operation from entrepreneurs’ and managers’ perspective and suggests certain measures that should be taken to secure their survival, development and growth. For the purpose of this paper, empirical research was conducted, using stratified sampling of 110 SMEs from Republic of Srpska (49% of B&H territory. The section on methodology explains the entry criteria for the study population and methods of data analysis. Respondents from the research sample identified the following factors as the main obstacles to successful development of their businesses: difficulties in the collection of receivables from debtors, complicated legal procedures that regulate the work and business operations of enterprises, high rates of taxes and contributions on wages, the negative impact of the global economic crisis and expensive and complicated procedures for obtaining loans from commercial banks. Respondents didn’t evaluate their personal traits, level of formal and informal knowledge from business management field or lack of entrepreneurial spirit and readiness for being proactive, innovative or risk acceptance as potential causes of business failure. With its limitation, the paper contains novel information and insights about SMEs business obstacles and challenges in economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina as a solid base for more comprehensive future research.

  17. THE IMPACT OF EU CONDITIONALITY IN THE WESTERN BALKANS. A COMPARATIVE APPROACH: BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA – BULGARIA

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    Octavia MOISE

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to analyse the security environment at the beginning of the XXIst century and to assess the impact of EU conditionality in the Western Balkans. The paper will analyse the redistribution of power and the new challenges that send the European Union at a crossroad. To explain such complex phenomena, we will use a comprehensive framework based on realism, liberal institutionalism, and constructivism. The central part of the paper will analyse EU conditionality in the Western Balkans – along with its characteristics, particularities, difficulties – and the impact of the degree of sovereignty. The case-study will provide a comparative analysis between EU conditionality in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Bulgaria proving that sovereignty matters for the conditionality-compliance relationship.

  18. Border Reconstruction of Bosnia and Herzegovina's Access to the Adriatic Sea at Sutorina by Consulting Old Maps

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    Nedim Tuno

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of scientific research into the former southernmost Bosnian border by analyzing historical maps. In cartographic representations of the area (created between the mid-17th and mid-20th centuries, state and administrative boundary lines are clearly demarcated. They provide indisputable proof that the Sutorina area belonged to Bosnia and Herzegovina through many centuries, providing access to the Adriatic Sea. The maps presented follow the course of the historical changes in the area which shaped its borders. The extent of the narrow Sutorina corridor was observed by combining data on boundary lines taken from historical maps with the current situation in the area. The technique of georeferencing old maps based on a genetic algorithm was developed for this purpose. 

  19. United Nations Intervention for Humanitarian Relief in Bosnia- Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-22

    Corps in Banja Luka , II Krajina Corps in Drvar, III North Bosnian Group near Bijeljina, IV East Bosnian Group and the Herzegovinian Corps are located...Bosnia-Herzegovina); the Serbians are also using the Bosnian airfield at Mahovljani (nezr Banja Luka ) .29 The Serbian air defense network is anchored...around the air base at Banja Luka and comprised of one division of SA-2’s, a single battery SA-6, and 40mm anti-aircraft (AA’ guns.)0 Unconfirmed

  20. Human Coxiella burnetii infections in regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukrija, Zvizdić; Hamzić, Sadeta; Cengić, Dzevad; Beslagić, Edina; Fejzić, Nihad; Cobanov, Darko; Maglajlić, Jasminka; Puvacić, Sandra; Puvacić, Zlatko

    2006-10-01

    Acute infections in humans and animals caused by Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii) are becoming an important medical problem for Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). From a clinical and epidemiological aspect, Q fever represents a complex medical problem, considering that one of the highest incidence rates of Q fever in Europe has been recorded during the last few years in B&H. The first case of this disease in B&H was described in 1950, by Muray et al., and the first epidemic, with 16 infected individuals, was recorded the same year. Confirmed animal infections by C. burnetii in B&H were first reported in 1985 when, of all tested sheep, positive results were found in 12.4%. During 2001, 2.11% of tested sheep and goats were found to have a positive result, which was also confirmed by studies from the following years in particular regions of B&H. These studies suggest that endemic loci of infected animals are established in particular geographic regions in B&H, which is important to emphasize for better understanding of the sources and routes of C. burnetii transmission to the human population. This conclusion is based on the studies from 2000, when 2.17% of positive cattle, 1.85% of positive sheep, and 0.27% of positive goats were registered. During the same period, in B&H, in 6 different regions, 156 individuals with Q fever were registered as were 3 separate epidemics with 115 infected individuals. Official data on the number of detected animal C. burnetii infections during 2002 suggest that 10 positive cattle and 88 positive sheep or goats were registered. During 2003, 24 positive cattle, 29 positive goats, and 167 positive sheep were detected, while in 2004, 71 positive cattle, 4 positive goats, 37 positive sheep, and 72 positive animals from the sheep-goat group were registered. According to official reports from 2001, 19 individuals with Q fever were registered in B&H, while in 2002, the number of infected individuals increased to 250. In five cantons in B&H, 43

  1. Analysis of Causes and Effects of Applying IAS And IFRS in Case of Mergers and Acquisitions of Banks in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Meliha Bašić

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the effect of the “stabilization and accession” process, i.e. of fulfillingrequirements for entry of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union,over the past few years, has been the privatization and concentration of banks’ capital,primarilythroughtheprocessoftheirmergers.1 The paper is primarily aimed at analyzing the way, causes and effects of applying IASand IFRS in mergers and acquisitions of banks in the Federation of Bosnia andHerzegovina. The presented analysis revealed the discrepancy between regulations by theBanking Agency of Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina, as the supervisory body forbanking in this part of BH and IAS and IFRS, particularly with respect to the frameworkfor financial reporting for banks, a lack of detailed disclosure prescribed by IAS andIFRS, as well as of instructions and methodology related to the processes that must beconducted. It directly resulted in unrealistic, unbjective and, naturally, insufficientlycomprehensible, and insufficiently controllable and comparable financial statements bygiven banks, before and after mergers and acquisitions. In the same time, it made it moredifficult to do business, conduct internal and external control and auditing, particularly bya regulatory body, and resulted in a series of objections by foreign controllers (IMF,IBRD. The conducted research points to problems present in practice with respect tomergers and acquisitions of banks in the Federation B-H, and provides guidelines fortheir possible solution.

  2. Ethnical distance of the citizens of Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the nations of former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

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    Puhalo Srđan

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the study of Ethnical distance with the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The study was made using Bogardus' scale of social distance, on 1000 interviewees of the Federation of BiH and 850 interviewees of Republika Srpska. The citizens of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina reject the Romas the most, followed by the Albanians and Macedonians. This is followed by the Serbs and Montenegrians, while Slovenians and Croats are the least rejected. Prejudices of the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Romas, Albanians, and Macedonians are much more important for the rejection or accepting of offered relations, than it was the case with open hostility and war conflicts with the Serbs, Montenegrians, and Croats. In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina a distinction is made in the degree of ethnical distance of Bosniaks and Croats to the nations who lived in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Offered relations are more rejected by the Croats than by the Bosniaks. The citizens of Republika Srpska accept the Muslims (Bosniaks and Romas the least. This is followed by the Croats, Slovenians, and Macedonians, and the Montenegrians are rejected the least. The citizens of Republika Srpska refuse that they or the members of their family marry a member of another nation. Thus they object any possibility for the members of other nations to be found on managing position, or any situation where they themselves would be in a subordinate position in society in relation to the members of other nationalities.

  3. AGRARIAN RELATIONS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA DURING THE TURKISH AND AUSTRO - HUNGARIAN OCCUPATION, AND THEIR REMOVAL WITH AGRARIAN REFORM FROM 1919 TO 1931

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    Joko Sparavalo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available At the start we give a brief surveyof the relations of production in the currentdevelopment of human society. This is done fromthe standpoint of Marx's notion of productiverelations. Then we discuss about relations ofproduction in agriculture, addressed as agrarianrelations. They are very different from the relationsof production in other areas of the economy. Thisresults from the specificity of agriculture. Infeudalism, they are the essence of social relations.With the economic development their influence isdecreasing, but in capitalism they also have certaincharacteristics. Turkish military-feudal system wasthe essential feature of the Asian mode ofproduction. The Turkish occupation of Bosnia andHerzegovina lasted for more than four centuries.Military-feudal system was significantly differentfrom the feudalism of Western Europe. Statedisposition of land and appropriation of rents areincorporated into the strategy of conquest of newand preservation of the occupied territories.Islamization has contributed to strengthening andthe long duration of that system. The way ofappropriation of labor surplus significantly slowedthe economic development of Bosnia andHerzegovina. Austro-Hungarian occupationauthorities accounted for some positivedevelopments in agriculture, but did not abolishfeudal relations Agrarian reform (1919.-1931.removed from the feudal relations in agriculture,Bosnia and Herzegovina and created the initialconditions for the development of capitalism.

  4. Knowledge and attitudes of physicians and pharmacists towards the use of generic medicines in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Čatić, Tarik; Avdagić, Lejla; Martinović, Igor

    2017-02-01

    Aim To investigate and assess knowledge and attitudes of pharmacists and physicians towards generic drugs prescription in order to evaluate current trends, obstacles to prescribe/dispense generics and suggest possible improvements of rational and economic prescribing having in mind scarce public budgets for drugs. Methods A cross-sectional survey among 450 primary care physicians (prescribers) and pharmacists in four major cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla and Mostar) during the period between January and March 2016 was conducted. The survey (questionnaire) was developed and physicians' and pharmacists' perception was examined using the 5-point Likert scale. Descriptive statistics was used to examine respondents' characteristics and their responses to survey questions. The respondents perception based on different characteristics was assessed using ordinal logistic regression. Results Generally, positive attitudes towards generic drugs were found. Majority of respondents, 392 (87.0%) considered generic drugs the same as originators and they could be mutually substituted. Physicians were more likely to prescribe branded drugs, 297 (66.6%), even 391 (86.8%) were aware of generic alternatives. Respondents believed that patients considered generic drugs less effective, 204 (45.4%), and 221 (49.0%) disapproved generic substitution. Conclusion Our findings suggest that further education and more information about benefits of generic drugs should be provided to key stakeholders including patients. Also, clearer generic drugs policies should be introduced in order to improve generic prescribing and potentially improve access and optimize pharmaceutical public expenditures.

  5. Sexual Compulsivity Comorbidity With Depression, Anxiety, and Substance Use in Students From Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dzanan Berberovic

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to examine relationships between sexual compulsivity, depression (including level of self-esteem anxiety, and the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs in a sample of 1,711 students from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sexual compulsivity, depression, and anxiety were measured with standardized scales and inventories (the Sexual Compulsivity Scale – SCS, the Beck Depression Inventory – BDI, and the Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait, STAI-T, respectively, whereas specific questions about tobacco, alcohol, and drug use were modified for the purpose of this study. Results indicated positive, significant but low correlations between sexual compulsivity and depression; sexual compulsivity and anxiety; and sexual compulsivity and substance use; whereas a low, negative but significant correlation was obtained between sexual compulsivity and self-esteem. The strongest predictor of sexual compulsivity was drug use; two other significant predictors were alcohol and depression. Limitations of the study are discussed in the end.

  6. How to Escape? The Trap of the Transition in the Recent Cinema of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2000-2012

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    Tomasz Rawski

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available How to Escape? The Trap of the Transition in the Recent Cinema of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2000-2012 The paper concerns the latest cinema of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2000-2012. Focusing on the cinema of social criticism (represented by movies which try to rethink the new socio-political order gradually emerging in BiH after the war of 1992-95, the authors recognize the Bosnian society as a community captured in the trap of an unfinished system transition. The story of the Bosnian society, simultaneously stuck in a dysfunctional and oppressive state and completely devoid of any prospects for the improvement of this situation, seems to be dominated by several escape strategies into an alternative reality: the nostalgic past, the imagined present or the utopian future. In that sense, the Bosnian cinema of social criticism turns out to be a cinema of social escapism.   Jak uciec? Pułapka transformacji w najnowszym kinie Bośni i Hercegowiny (2000-2012 Tekst dotyczy najnowszej kinematografii Bośni i Hercegowiny (2000-2012. Skupienie na nurcie kina krytycznego (do którego zaliczone zostały filmy, które próbują interpretować nowy porządek społeczno-polityczny powoli wyłaniający się w Bośni i Hercegowinie po wojnie z lat 1992-95 pozwala ukazać społeczeństwo Bośni i Hercegowiny jako znajdujące się w pułapce wciąż niedokończonej transformacji systemowej. Opowieść o społeczeństwie z jednej strony uwięzionym w dysfunkcjonalnym i opresyjnym państwie, a z drugiej całkowicie pozbawionym perspektyw i nadziei na poprawę sytuacji, zdominowana jest przez rozmaite strategie ucieczki w alternatywną rzeczywistość: nostalgiczną przeszłość, wyobrażoną teraźniejszość lub utopijną przyszłość. W tym sensie, bośniackie kino krytyczne jawi się jako kino eskapizmu społecznego.

  7. Morphological evaluation of common bean diversity in Bosnia and Herzegovina using the discriminant analysis of principal components (DAPC multivariate method

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    Grahić Jasmin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to analyze morphological characteristics of locally cultivated common bean landraces from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H, thirteen quantitative and qualitative traits of 40 P. vulgaris accessions, collected from four geographical regions (Northwest B&H, Northeast B&H, Central B&H and Sarajevo and maintained at the Gene bank of the Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences in Sarajevo, were examined. Principal component analysis (PCA showed that the proportion of variance retained in the first two principal components was 54.35%. The first principal component had high contributing factor loadings from seed width, seed height and seed weight, whilst the second principal component had high contributing factor loadings from the analyzed traits seed per pod and pod length. PCA plot, based on the first two principal components, displayed a high level of variability among the analyzed material. The discriminant analysis of principal components (DAPC created 3 discriminant functions (DF, whereby the first two discriminant functions accounted for 90.4% of the variance retained. Based on the retained DFs, DAPC provided group membership probabilities which showed that 70% of the accessions examined were correctly classified between the geographically defined groups. Based on the taxonomic distance, 40 common bean accessions analyzed in this study formed two major clusters, whereas two accessions Acc304 and Acc307 didn’t group in any of those. Acc360 and Acc362, as well as Acc324 and Acc371 displayed a high level of similarity and are probably the same landrace. The present diversity of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s common been landraces could be useful in future breeding programs.

  8. Public and Private Sector in the Health Care System of the Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina: Policy and Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slipicevic, Osman; Malicbegovic, Adisa

    2012-01-01

    In Bosnia and Herzegovina citizens receive health care from both public and private providers. The current situation calls for a clear government policy and strategy to ensure better position and services from both parts. This article examines how health care services are delivered, particularly with respect to relationship between public and private providers. The paper notes that the public sector is plagued by a number of weaknesses in terms of inefficiency of services provision, poorly motivated staff, prevalent dual practice of public employees, poor working conditions and geographical imbalances. Private sector is not developing in ways that address the weaknesses of the public sector. Poorly regulated, it operates as an isolated entity, strongly profit-driven. The increasing burdens on public health care system calls for government to abandon its passive role and take action to direct growth and use potential of private sector. The paper proposes a number of mechanisms that can be used to influence private as well as public sector, since actions directed toward one part of the system will inevitable influence the other. PMID:23678309

  9. Gendered Justice Gaps in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Björkdahl, Annika; Mannergren Selimovic, Johanna

    2014-01-01

    , and reparations gaps-this article examines structural constraints for women to engage in shaping and implementing transitional justice, and unmasks transitional justice as a site for the long-term construction of the gendered post-conflict order. Thus, the gendered dynamics of peacebuilding and transitional...... justice have produced a post-conflict order characterized by gendered peace and justice gaps. Yet, we conclude that women are doing justice within the Bosnian-Herzegovina transitional justice project, and that their presence and participation is complex, multilayered, and constrained yet critical. © 2013...

  10. Organization of Proficiency Testing for Dairy Laboratories in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia in Order to Improve Quality Assurance

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    Nataša Mikulec

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Participation in proficiency testing is not only an obligation for all analytical laboratories which tend to be credible, but also an opportunity to check how the results agree with the reference or assign value. The Reference Laboratory for Milk and Dairy Products of the Dairy Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture University of Zagreb, is itself incorporated in the proficiency testing organized by dairy laboratories from Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland and Slovenia. The aim is to find out its own accuracy and reliability in particular milk and dairy products analyses. On the basis of seven years experience of participating in proficiency testing, five years ago the Reference Laboratory started organizing its own proficiency testing for dairy laboratories in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia for milk components such as milk fat, protein, lactose and somatic cells count. The results of the analyses have been statistically analyzed and, on the basis of Z-score, the successful measurements have been estimated. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the organisation and data processing of proficiency testing for milk fat, protein, lactose and somatic cells count in milk for the involved dairy laboratories.

  11. Impact of Caring Climate, Job Satisfaction, and Affective Commitment on Employees’ Performance in the Banking Sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    M. Sait DINC

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of caring climate, employees' job satisfaction, and affective commitment on employees' job performance in a banking sector. This study proposes that caring climate has a significant direct effect on overall job satisfaction, affective commitment, and job performance. Moreover, it suggests that caring climate has an influence on job performance through overall job satisfaction and affective commitment. Additionally, affective commitment is considered to be a mediator in the relationship between overall job satisfaction and job performance. In this study, the relationships among the variables were evaluated using factor analysis, descriptive statistics, correlations, and regression. The results based on a sample of 152 employees from one public and three private banks in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina support the hypotheses. This study demonstrates that caring climate has a significant direct influence on overall job satisfaction, affective commitment, and job performance. Furthermore, caring climate has an indirect effect on job performance. Finally, this research discovers an indirect relationship between overall job satisfaction and employees’ job performance through a mediating role of affective commitment.

  12. The first report of Trichinella pseudospiralis presence in domestic swine and T. britovi in wild boar in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santrac, Violeta; Nedic, Drago N; Maric, Jelena; Nikolic, Sonja; Stevanovic, Oliver; Vasilev, Sasa; Cvetkovic, Jelena; Sofronic-Milosavljevic, Ljiljana

    2015-09-01

    The Balkans is endemic for nematodes of the genus Trichinella in both domestic and wild animals. The high prevalence of these zoonotic pathogens in animals linked with the food habits to consume raw meat and meat derived products resulted in a very high prevalence of trichinellosis in humans living in this European region. In spite of numerous epidemiological investigations carried out in this region, very few information is available on the Trichinella species circulating in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Trichinella spp. larvae were isolated from a domestic pig reared in a backyard and from a hunted wild boar whose meat had been the source of trichinellosis in one case. Both Trichinella pseudospiralis and T. spiralis have been identified in the domestic pig, whereas, T. britovi was detected in the wild boar. While, T. spiralis is the Trichinella species most frequently detected in domestic pigs, T. pseudospiralis has been previously documented in domestic pigs only three times in Russia, Slovakia and Croatia. The detection of T. britovi in the wild boar confirms that this nematode is the most frequent species circulating among wildlife of Europe.

  13. POSSIBILITIES FOR IMPROVEMENT OF RISK MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE COAL MINING INDUSTRY OF THE FEDERATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Safet Kozarević

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Current business environment and growing exposure to a wide range of risks require companies (especially the large ones to raise a question of risk management, start treating it as a particular business function that needs special attention and for which they have to seek proper solutions within their organizational structure. This particularly affects the coal industry, where risk exposure is rather evident and makes risk management one of the key management issues in general. A central point of the analysis includes companies in the coal industry of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (F BiH, where the management needs to be greatly concerned about protection against risks that affect this industry much more than other industries, in particular pure risks (those that involve only the possibility of loss and no possibility of gain . And if we add the so - called emerging or “newly developing” risks, which are still unknown even to risk management experts, it is clear that management of large companies have to take care of risk management culture development and seek adequate organizational solutions. On the basis of the conducted empirical research, the paper will show and appropriately explain the descriptive analysis results, accordingly used for establishment of the level of risk management efficiency in the coal mines of the F BiH and identification of certain weaknesses, whose elimination could significantly improve the process and increase the level of economic protection for these companies.

  14. Long-term summer sunshine/moisture stress reconstruction from tree-ring widths from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    S. Poljanšek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the first summer sunshine reconstruction from tree-ring data for the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. Summer sunshine is tightly connected with moisture stress in trees, because the moisture stress and therefore the width of annual tree-rings is under the influence of the direct and interactive effects of sunshine duration (temperature, precipitation, cloud cover and evapotranspiration. The reconstruction is based on a calibrated z-scored mean chronology, calculated from tree-ring width measurements from 7 representative black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. A combined regression and scaling approach was used for the reconstruction of the summer sunshine. We found a significant negative correlation (r = −0.54, p < 0.0001 with mean June–July sunshine hours from Osijek meteorological station (Croatia. The developed model was used for reconstruction of summer sunshine for the time period 1660–2010. We identified extreme summer events and compared them to available documentary historical sources of drought, volcanic eruptions and other reconstructions from the broader region. All extreme summers with low sunshine hours (1712, 1810, 1815, 1843, 1899 and 1966 are connected with volcanic eruptions.

  15. The prevalence of substance use among first-year students at the University of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Maja Nižić

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to examine the prevalence of substance use among first-year students at the University of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and to determine differences with regard to the socio-demographic characteristics of the participants. The study was conducted in June 2012 by teaching assistants at the Department of Social Work, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Mostar, in collaboration with social work students who were previously trained to conduct the research. The study included 420 participants from six faculties. The research is designed to determine which substances are most frequently used among first-year students and to determine whether there are differences in the frequency of alcohol consumption, smoking and drug use among students with regard to their sociodemographic characteristics. The results show that the most frequently used substance among students is alcohol; cigarettes are in second place and marijuana (as the only drug with significant frequency of consumption in third. Some socio-demographic characteristics have proven to be significant in the frequency of substance use. Keywords: ; ; ;

  16. Model for Estimating the Potential of Social Networking Sites Usage in Tourism Industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Edin Osmanbegović

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Social networking has taken contemporary business experiences to a new level that cannot be compared with anything that happened so far. Tourism industry and travel booking activities have significantly benefited from such development. Potential travellers can communicate with tourist agencies and operators through social networking sites as well as with tourists who already have visited desired destination or used services from certain operator. This means that tourists can get information directly from actors in tourist activities in order to make their travel decision. Social networking has become large resources from which tourists can make decisions. In this paper it will be given model for estimating the potential of social networking usage by consumers in Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the given model, estimated potential of social networking usage by consumers is 43.281.660 €, which represents 12.19% of annual touristic expenditure of B&H citizens. Knowledge about mentioned potential is important data for marketers who plan to exploit social networking channel in their marketing efforts.

  17. Den Internationale Domstols dom af 26. februar 2007 i sagen Bosnia-Herzegovina v. Yugoslavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldgaard-Pedersen, Astrid

    2008-01-01

    Med sin dom i Case Concerning Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia-Herzegovina v. Yugoslavia) har Den Internationale Domstol i Haag1 ydet et vidtrækkende bidrag til teorien om folkedrab og fortolkningen af Folkedrabskonventionen. Efter...

  18. Installing democracy in the Balkans? Analysis of political party assistance in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nenadović, M.

    2012-01-01

    De opbouw van politieke partijen in naoorlogse landen als Bosnië-Herzegovina en Kosovo, brengt naast kansen ook risico’s met zich mee. Internationale steun aan deze politieke partijen kan ineffectief zijn, en zelfs de democratische ontwikkeling in gevaar brengen. Maja Nenadović laat zien dat de naoo

  19. TETRAHEDRITE FROM THE DUBRAVE - DUGI DOL BARITE DEPOSITS, KREŠEVO, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ivan Jurković

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available he chemical composition of the tetrahedrite from the barite deposit Dubrave - Dugi Dol, south of the town Kreševo, Bosnia, hosted by Devonian Dolomite is as follows: (Cu10,65Ag0,073Hg0,0310,75(Fe0,81Zn0,941,75(Sb3,57As0,34Bi0,0043,91S13,00. Cation proportions are: Me2+ :Me3+ :S = 3.20:1.00:3.33. The 34S = -10.91 %o. The calculated formula is in good correspondence with the compositions of other analyzed tetrahedrites from the whole Middle Bosnian Schist Mountains. These results as those of the fluid inclusion studies of gangue minerals suggests the generation of tetrahedrites from highly homogenized, hot (190-310 C, high saline (24.2-26.3 wt% NaCl equiv. mineralizing solutions generated by mixing of ascending deep seated upper mantle (Hg, F, Cu-bearing and metamorphogenic lower crust (Zn, Fe, Ag, Au-bearing fluids with descending highly evolved Upper Permian saline formation waters. The obtained data exclude the applicability of the fractional crystallization generation model.

  20. Long term January–March and May–August temperature reconstructions from tree-ring records from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    T. Levanič

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available We present the first spring and summer temperature reconstruction for the north-western part of the Balkan Peninsula. The reconstruction is based on tree-ring width measurements from 7 representative black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. We found a significant, positive influence of above-average January–March temperatures on 4 sites (Blace, Peručica, Šator, Konjuh and a negative influence of above-average May–August temperatures and a positive relationship with an above-average sum of May–August precipitation on tree-ring width formation from 3 sites (Krivaja, Prusac, Šipovo. A 31-yr running correlation between temperature and precipitation of the May–August period and tree-ring indices gave a stable relationship between 1901 and the 1960s, after which values of correlation coefficients decrease to the level of significance. A change in summer cyclones in the central part of the Adriatic Sea is presented as a possible cause of the divergence with the climate signal. In the period of calibration and verification of the linear model for the group of 3 sites (Krivaja, Prusac, Šipovo, the best relationship was found between tree-ring indices and mean May–August temperatures of the current year. For the group of 4 sites (Blace, Peručica, Šator, Konjuh, the relationship between tree-ring indices and mean January–March temperatures of the current year is the strongest. The developed models were used for reconstruction of May–August temperatures for BiH for the period 1701–1901 and January–March temperatures for the period 1685–1901. Using the method of percentiles (85th and 15th we identified extreme hot/cool summers and warm/cold springs and compared them to available documentary historical sources and other reconstructions from the broader region.

  1. Medical services of Croat people in Bosnia and Herzegovina during 1992-1995 war: losses, adaptation, organization, and transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagaric, I

    2000-06-01

    During the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH), Croatian people in BH had 19,600 (2.6%) killed and 135,000 (17.6%) displaced persons, and 222,500 (28.9%) refugees. They lost around two thirds of both physicians and other health personnel, and were left with 8. 5% of prewar patient beds. Fortunately, the organized defence against Serbs was initiated in time and Croats defended the territories where they formed majority. The first defense unit established was the Medical Corps Headquarters (MCH), caring for soldiers and civilians alike. The MCH was soon incorporated in the Croatian Defense Council (CDC, armed forces of Croatian people in BH). The MCH had two chains of command. One went through the district commanders of medical services and their subordinated physicians to paramedics in military units, and the other directly to the commanders of 14 war hospitals. After its formation in 1993, the Ministry of Health took the jurisdiction over the civilian medical services and after the Washington Peace Agreement (April 1994) over the war hospitals, too, whereas the medical services within military units remained under control of the Ministry of Defense. Dayton Peace Agreement divided BH into the Federation of BH and Republic Srpska, each with their own army. The Federation of BH Army is composed of the CDC and Bosniac-controlled Army of BH, with overall numerical ratio 1:2.3 for Bosniacs, and organized in accordance with NATO standards. Military medical services are provided by the Logistics Sector of both Ministry of Defense and Military Corps Headquarters (Joint Command).

  2. Reception of Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac’s composing creativity in the musical life of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Austro-Hungarian period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paćuka Lana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With the arrival of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Bosnia and Herzegovina encountered Western European social trends, which affected the shaping of musical life physiognomy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. In this extremely intricate relationship between national and pro-European-oriented cultural trends, Serbian composer Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac had a special position as a unique musical phenomenon, since he was a composer whose musical talent imposed itself as an authority in strengthening the national musical expression and serving as a guideline for numerous BH artists.

  3. Epidemiologic and laboratory surveillance of the measles outbreak in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, February 2014-April 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salimović-Bešić, I; Šeremet, M; Hübschen, J M; Hukić, M; Tihić, N; Ahmetagić, S; Delibegović, Z; Pilav, A; Mulaomerović, M; Ravlija, J; Muller, C P; Dedeić-Ljubović, A

    2016-06-01

    A measles outbreak with two epidemic waves involving 4649 probable and laboratory-confirmed cases was recorded in six out of ten cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina between February 2014 and April 2015. The majority of the patients had never received measles vaccination (3115/4649, 67.00%), and the vaccination status of another 23% was unknown (1066/4649). A total of 281 blood samples were tested serologically. Virus detection was performed using 44 nasopharyngeal swabs. About 57% (161/281) of the laboratory-investigated sera were immunoglobulin M positive, and 95% (42/44) of the swabs were reverse transcriptase-PCR positive. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences obtained from 30 swab samples showed circulation of two variants of genotype D8, but no genotype D4 strains as detected in 2007. Similar involvement of all age groups indicates a problem with vaccine refusal resulting from antivaccination activities in addition to gaps in immunization coverage during the war and postwar period (1992-1998). Differences in ethnicity, vaccine coverage, compliance with review policies of vaccination records and potentially also travel habits may partially explain why only six of ten cantons were affected by the outbreak. The second epidemic wave may in part be due to large-scale migrations due to catastrophic floods in 2014. As a result of the epidemic, 6- to 12-month-old children may now be vaccinated against measles during outbreaks, and public health recommendations for interventions have been strengthened. Additional efforts are required to implement the measures throughout the cantons.

  4. Developing the function of human resource management with a view to building competitive advantage of enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adisa Delić

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary business environment generates hyper changes and hyper competition, which is why enterprises are challenged to search for new sources to preserve and build competitive advantage in the global marketplace. In the theory and practice of management, the general view is that people and their knowledge are becoming a fundamental value in modern enterprises, and that successful human resource management is an important determinant of competitiveness. However, the importance of having specific knowledge and skills in the enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH is still not recognized and human resources of these enterprises are not treated in accordance with their importance. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to point to the state and prospects of human resource development in the enterprises in BiH in the context of improving their competitiveness. This paper includes the results of one part of the empirical research covering 120 enterprises from BiH. The research was conducted in order to identify and analyze the situation in the field of key phases of human resource management in these enterprises (job analysis, human resource planning, management and selection of human resources, training and human resource development, evaluation of work performance, selection and implementation of the reward system, and management of human resource fluctuation. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the human resource management in these enterprises is underdeveloped when viewed as a special managerial function or business function, but also when treated as a separate modern business orientation in which people and their knowledge are the key value in the enterprise. The study results also show inadequate organizational treatment of human resource management in the enterprises in BiH, considering that managers’ awareness about the importance of establishing a department of human resources in these enterprises is still not

  5. The Spiritual Approach to Group Psychotherapy Treatment of Psychotraumatized Persons in Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Mark Agius

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Psychological trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD may have an intensive negative impact on a patient’s spiritual beliefs or his/her belief in God; this effect may diminish the social and professional skills of many survivors. In the same time researches showed that religion plays a coping role among patients with medical and mental health illnesses. During the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1992-1995 the whole population, regardless of age, gender, nationality or profession, suffered severely. During the pre-war period in communistic Yugoslavia religious believes altered with atheistic public life styles. Additionally, war traumatization had a negative impact on spirituality and religious beliefs. In the series of case reports we intended to describe and assess the impact of a session of group psychotherapy, with spiritual topics and content, which was offered to patients who needed to reestablish religious beliefs. The patients who come to the Psychiatry Clinic because of trauma-induced mental health problems and who we are interested in strengthening their spirituality met each other in the group regardless of their religious or spiritual conviction. We described the conceptualization and development of such a group and present some self-reported views of clients who took part in these groups. The supportive and empathetic presence of such group in the community helps to prevent withdrawal and isolation, alienation and deviation of traumatized persons. The presence of such group facilitates the rehabilitation process of the victims, allowing them to understand that people are available to them in certain critical moments, to help, to offer protection or to console. Groups like this one, offer long term social and spiritual support to extremely severely traumatized victims.

  6. Assessment of the success of implementation of new rule book on salt iodination in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahirovic, H; Imsiragic-Zovko, S; Toromanovic, A; Begic, L

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the success of an increase in the level of salt iodization which was increased to 20-30 mg iodine per kilo of salt, 2 yr after the introduction of the new mandatory salt iodination. This prospective study was performed at level of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBH). We singled out 60 cluster school-based surveys (6 cluster surveys in each canton) with equal representation of urban and rural areas. Within each cluster, between 10 to 30 subjects (both males and females) aged 11, 12, 13 and 14 were randomly selected. The study included a total of 962 schoolchildren. The mean iodine level per 1 kg of salt for whole FBH was 21.4+/-5.2. It ranged from 2.1 to 41.3 mg/kg. A significant improvement in urinary iodine excretion medians was detected in the current survey in all cantons and on the entire territory of FBH, compared to results from a previous study conducted in 1999. The urinary iodine excretion in schoolchildren in the whole FBH varied from 50.6 to 303.8 mug/l with a median of 139.5 mug/l. Values of urinary iodine iodine supplementation of salt in 2001 was successful and that FBH is presently iodine sufficient. In the future, however, program for monitoring of iodine prophylaxis has to have two major aims: firstly, control of iodine content in salt at different levels especially at retail shops and at imported salt and secondly, iodine deficiency disorders control. Also, a periodic measurement of urinary iodine excretion needs to be planned together with the neonatal TSH screening and the establishment of a notification system for cases of hyperthyroidism.

  7. Importance of the Country of Origin from the Consumers’ Perspective in the Research Context of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Marija Čutura

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to establish the level of importance of the country of origin (COO in the purchasing process of different categories of consumer goods in the research context of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H. Design/Methodology/Approach – The study is based on primary data collected through a survey questionnaire on a consumer sample in B&H. The analysis consists of several levels: establishing a level of COO importance for consumers; establishing a level of consumer familiarity with a COO; identifying the influence of consumer ethnocentrism on the level of COO importance. Findings and implications – ANOVA and T-paired tests highlighted the importance of COO to vary across product categories. The results of regression analysis showed that consumer ethnocentrism significantly influences the level of COO importance in the purchasing process. The results contribute to the thesis that COO has a diagnostic value for the consumers in the purchasing process and can therefore be used as a marketing tool in providing better market acceptance and positioning of products. Limitations – This research has a limited scope considering that it is a single-market study, but also because of the small range of researched product categories. Further research studies should consider a wider range of product categories, as well as a cross-cultural research approach to explore the importance of COO on the overall purchasing process. Originality – This study represents an integrative approach to the phenomenon of COO, consisting of consumer ethnocentrism, product characteristics, and consumer perspective regarding COO importance and familiarity.

  8. The weak points of statistical and demographic analyses in estimations of war victims in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period 1992-1995

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    Kovačević Miladin

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the political and war crisis which embraced Bosnia and Herzegovina in the spring of 1992 with an end of war hostilities in the autumn of 1995 when the "Dayton Peace Agreement" emerged (November 1995, a media war occurred. From the very beginning, this war had an international character. The question on the number of war victims (killed and missing "exploded" in June of 1993 when Haris Silajdžić stated that there had been 200000 dead among the Muslims. This figure uncritically became the basis for all later media and local "empirical truths" on the number of victims. All statistical and demographic disciplines were exploited to support, if not prove, the propaganda standpoints. Objectivity was oppressed by an ugly "face of the war". Having in mind the experience of the Second World War in Yugoslavia the question on the number of victims does not cease to be topical for decades after the end of the war. Bosnia and Herzegovina is more than a confirmation. This question seems to intervene (and in a way "feed of" with the most difficult political and international questions and court trials. ("International Court of Justice", indictment of Bosnia and Herzegovina against The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, namely Serbia. The methodological analysis of the most important works which deal with the question of the number of victims in the Bosnian war (above all, those done by Bosnian institutes and authors indicate the "mistakes" made by the character of these works (propaganda. The manipulation with statistical methods and numbers is not new. Methodological and numerical traps can slip even to the most informed. The use of statistics and social science in court trials seems to show Janus's face of science: on one side the authentic "moral passion" of researchers finds great sense, and on the other side special interests strive to impose themselves through the (most refined instrumentation of science and knowledge. (The example of Mr. Patrick Ball

  9. Convergence of the export structure of Romania, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina to the structure of import demand in developed countries

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    Nikolić Goran

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The similarity coefficients of the export structures of Romania, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina and the import structure of the EU and the U.S. have increased since 2000, but to date, they have not reached a critical turning point. This indicates that the qualities of exports from the observed transitional economies have not rapidly improved, and the export structure remains relatively unfavourable, particularly when compared to advanced transitional countries. The most important factors in the success of advanced transitional economies were: the inflow of foreign direct investment, imports of modern technology (and later, their own development, innovation, development of small and medium sized enterprises, foreign competition, the development of a market economy and macroeconomic stability. The export structures of Romania, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia correlate with improvement in the process of transition in the observed countries. In 2009 Bosnia had the absolute lowest level of similarity coefficient among the studied countries, followed by Serbia, Romania and Croatia, which corresponds to the overall economic performance and foreign trade of the observed economies.

  10. Application of Agree II Instrument for Appraisal of Postpartum Hemorrhage Clinical Practice Guidelines in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novo, Ahmed; Subotic-popovic, Andreja; Strbac, Savka; Kandic, Alma; Horga, Mihai

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Federal Minister of Health and Minister of Health and Social Welfare of the Republika Srpska as a Governmental health authorities in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republika Srpska nominated/appointed health professionals as their representatives to a multidisciplinary Guidelines Adaptation Group (GAG). This group started with its work in September 2015. The main purpose of the guidelines development exercise is to develop guidelines with worldwide recognized methodology for clinical guidelines development and adaptation. At the end of this consultancy, GAG would have develop a clinical practice guideline on Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) through the adaptation method, starting from published international clinical guidelines and adapting it according to the country specific requirements. Methodology: During the process of identifying the best guideline for adaptation, the GAG had to pass several steps. One of the crucial steps was to identify the questions related to clinical practice and health policy for which answers are needed to be addressed by the guideline. These questions included relevant issues regarding the topic area such as diagnosis, prognosis, intervention, service delivery, and training. After that, six guidelines have been researched by the six members of the GAG to see if they answered the identified questions. Evaluating the methodological quality of the selected clinical guidelines was a second essential step before deciding which ones could best fit the needs and interests. AGREE II instrument has been chosen as methods for evaluating clinical guideline quality and appropriateness. Four appraisers conducted the assessment of each of the selected guidelines for PPH. All appraisers passed the training for the AGREE II instrument before conducting appraisals, as recommended by the AGREE collaboration. Each of the four guidelines was rated independently with the AGREE II tool by each appraiser. Results: The highest

  11. The statehood of Bosnia-Herzegovina accoding to the Hartshorne model

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    Péter Reményi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La condición de Estado de Bosnia-Herzegovina es examinada con la ayuda del modelo Hartshorne en este ensayo. Así, se argumenta que este Estado, en su forma actual, conserva unidas varias fuerzas, unas de carácter interno y centrífugo (que pretenden la formación de estructuras estatales aparte y otras de carácter centrípeto (que buscan mantener estos Estados unidos. Damos una pequeña visión de la caracterización y la génesis de este Estado a fin de identificar todas las fuerzas que afectan a su estructura estatal. Explicamos como a menos que una idea de Estado o la razón de ser se desarrolla, son necesarios continuos esfuerzos para proporcionar una relativa estabilidad.Palabras clave: Bosnia-Herzegovina, modelo Hartshorne, fuerzas centrífugas y centrípetas, geografía política._______________Abstract:The statehood of Bosnia-Herzegovina is examined with the help of the Hartshorne model in this paper. We argue that the state in its current form is kept together mainly by external forces, since among the internal forces the centrifugal ones (pulling states apart according to the model overrule the centripetal ones (keeping states together. We give a brief overview of the characteristics and genesis of the state in order to be able to collect the forces affecting the state. We argue that unless a state idea or raison d’être is developed, continuous external efforts are needed to provide relative stability.  Key words: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Hartshorne model, centrifugal and centripetal forces, political geography.

  12. La herencia religiosa en la Guerra de Bosnia y Herzegovina (1992-1995

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    Marija Grujic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the summary of the master’s thesis, which I undertook at the Institute for Peace and Conflicts in Granada for the course “Culture of Peace, Conflicts, Education and Human Rights”. The focus of my master’s thesis is religious conflicts in the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995 and the role of religion in the conflict. The Balkan conflicts are well-known and until now have been quite analysed, but Spanish authors have never analysed the religious component of the conflict. Taking advantage of having in-depth knowledge of Balkan languages, literature about the issue, historical and political circumstances of the Balkan countries, the goal of this research work is to introduce Spanish readers, in a much more in-depth way, to the role that religion played in the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina. I have concluded that the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina had an important religious component and bearing in mind that this kind of peace investigation has never been developed before, this can be considered as an important contribution of this research work.

  13. Kampanje mjerenja apsolutnog i relativnog ubrzanja sile teže u „Osnovnoj gravimetrijskoj mreži Bosne i Hercegovine“ : Measurement campaign of absolute and relative gravity in "Basic gravimetric network of Bosnia and Herzegovina"

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    Hasumana Abaza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Mjerenje apsolutnog ubrzanja sile Zemljine teže u Bosni i Hercegovini izvršeno je na četiri stanice, a u okviru projekta “Izgradnja kapaciteta za unapređenje zemljišne administracije i procedura u Bosni i Hercegovini“. Mjerenje relativnog ubrzanja sile Zemljine teže također je završeno u Osnovnoj gravimetrijskoj mreži BiH na 60 tačaka, te je izvršeno povezivanje sa stanicama na kojim je mjereno apsolutno ubrzanje sile teže. Do sada urađen posao je odlična osnova za nastavak radova na regionalnom gravimetrijskom premjeru na putu ka konačnom cilju određivanja geoida za teritoriju BiH. : Absolute gravity measurements in Bosnia and Herzegovina were carried out at four stations within the project "Capacity building for improving land administration and procedures in Bosnia and Herzegovina“ - CILAP. Relative gravity measurements were also completed in the primary gravimetric network of Bosnia and Herzegovina at 60 points, followed by connecting points with absolute gravity data. So far, completed work is an excellent basis for continuing on regional gravity measurements and determining the geoid for the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  14. Are the residents of former Yugoslavia still exposed to elevated PCB levels due to the Balkan wars? Part 1: Air sampling in Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klánová, Jana; Kohoutek, Jirí; Kostrhounová, Romana; Holoubek, Ivan

    2007-08-01

    Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) spilled into the environment as a result of damaged industrial and military targets, natural resources, and infrastructure during the Balkan wars still pose a problem several years later. The aim of this project was to investigate an extent to which the residents of former Yugoslavia are exposed to elevated levels of POPs as a consequence of the wars. The atmospheric as well as the soil levels of PCBs, OCPs and PAHs were determined in Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina during five high volume air sampling campaigns in 2003 and 2004. A considerable contamination of several sites was detected (PCB concentrations in the atmosphere ranged between 67 pg m(-3) and 40 ng m(-3) for the sum of 7 indicator congeners) and the levels are reported in this article.

  15. Controversy and Concerns in the Relationship of Medicine and the Media in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Hajdarevic, Braco; Slaku, Jasmina; Masic, Izet

    2010-01-01

    Summary Medicine and the media are two areas important in the life of every man, which are in almost daily contact with each other and in dependence. Their relations in BiH are currently elemental, focused on direct, immediate needs, without defined rules, with a lot of disorientation, incompetence and irresponsibility, often without respect for at least the minimum rules of conduct and respect, often with a lot of conflict and hostility. The goal of our work is based on the analysis of newsp...

  16. ETHNOCENTRISM AND ANIMOSITY IN CONSUMER BEHAVIOR IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR COMPANIES

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    Denis Berberović

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to examine ethnocentrism of BiH consumers, animosity tendencies, and consumers' notions of products originating from two neighboring countries – Croatia and Slovenia. The aim is to expose the causal relation between the expression of an individual's animosity, her/his understanding of neighboring countries' image, and her/his degree of ethnocentrism. Klein, Ettenson and Morris (1998 argued that animosity (one of COI – Country of Origin Image aspects affects consumer behavior, but not the assessment of products originating from this country. This study seeks to examine this argument. The regression analysis confirmed this assumption on a sample of 300 BiH consumers. Additionally one marketing scale and one psychological scale were used: one for measuring consumer ethnocentrism, and the other for measuring country of origin image. This study used the method of mall intercepts – intercepting customers in large shopping malls. Data was processed using ACNOVA, Cronbach alpha and hierarchical regression analysis.

  17. Globalization Opportunities and Their Implications on Business Operations and Competitiveness of Companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan Mahmutovic; Azra Hadžiahmetovic; Sead Talovic

    2014-01-01

    Globalization provides new business opportunities for companies all over the world and, at the same time, puts before them new challenges they need to adapt to in order to achieve success in the market. Also, global trends impose on the companies requirements for enhancement of competitiveness as a key determinant of their success in both local and international market. This research deals with the implications of globalization opportunities on business operations and competitiveness of compa...

  18. Heavy metal distribution in tissues of six fish species included in human diet, inhabiting freshwaters of the Nature Park "Hutovo Blato" (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Has-Schön, Elizabeta; Bogut, Ivan; Rajković, Valentina; Bogut, Stjepan; Cacić, Milan; Horvatić, Janja

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the study was to quantify heavy metal (mercury, lead, cadmium, and arsenic) concentration in tissues (muscles, liver, kidney, gills, and gonads) of six fish species (carp: Cyprinus carpio, tench: Tinca tinca, pumpkinseed: Lepomis gibosus, prussian carp: Carassius auratus gibelio, hasselquist: Salmo dentex, eel: Anguilla anguilla) from the freshwaters of the Nature Park Hutovo Blato, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and determine whether they are potentially harmful for human health if included in the diet. Fish were angled from the Svitava Lake in the second part of August of the year 2003, and fish tissues were stored at -18 degrees C until analysis. Heavy metal concentration was determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in the Veterinary Institute Brno, Czech Republic, and expressed as mg.kg(-1) of wet tissue. Concentration of mercury, lead, and arsenic in most tissues of all analyzed fish types is lower than the maximal allowed concentration (MAC) in most countries. Cadmium concentration is also low in muscles and gonads, but kidney, liver, and gill concentrations exceed MAC value in most countries. Hasselquist, an endemic type for that region, differs from other fish types in the fact that it has very low cadmium concentration in liver and kidney, but the highest concentration of arsenic in most tissues, especially muscles. In muscles and gonads of all fish types analyzed, Pb is present in higher concentration than Cd, whereas in liver, gills, and particularly kidney, the situation is opposite, suggesting diverse metabolic pathways and unequal bioaccumulation of these two metals in different fish tissues. Although the region of the Nature Park Hutovo Blato in Bosnia and Herzegovina is not an agricultural territory, the intensive agricultural activities in the neighboring regions already result in high cadmium concentration in inner organs of fish species analyzed. Therefore, fish types in the freshwaters of the Park may be included in the human diet

  19. Management knowledge and skills required in the health care system of the Federation bosnia and herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slipicevic, Osman; Masic, Izet

    2012-01-01

    Extremely complex health care organizations, by their structure and organization, operate in a constantly changing business environment, and such situation implies and requires complex and demanding health management. Therefore, in order to manage health organizations in a competent manner, health managers must possess various managerial skills and be familiar with problems in health care. Research, identification, analysis, and assessment of health management education and training needs are basic preconditions for the development and implementation of adequate programs to meet those needs. Along with other specific activities, this research helped to determine the nature, profile, and level of top-priority needs for education. The need for knowledge of certain areas in health management, as well as the need for mastering concrete managerial competencies has been recognized as top-priorities requiring additional improvement and upgrading.

  20. Herbicide and pesticide occurrence in the soils of children's playgrounds in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapcanin, Aida; Cakal, Mirsada; Imamovic, Belma; Salihovic, Mirsada; Pehlic, Ekrem; Jacimovic, Zeljko; Jancan, Gordan

    2016-08-01

    Pesticide pollution in Sarajevo public playgrounds is an important health and environmental issue, and the lack of information about it is causing concerns amongst the general population as well as researchers. Since children are in direct contact with surface soils on children's playgrounds, such soils should be much more carefully examined. Furthermore, herbicides and pesticides get transmitted from soil surfaces brought from outside the urban areas, or they get dispersed following their direct applications in urban areas. Infants' and children's health can be directly affected by polluted soils because of the inherent toxicity and widespread use of the different pesticides in urban environments such as playgrounds. In addition to that, the presence of chromated copper arsenate (CCA) wood preservative pesticide found as soil pollutant in playing equipment was also documented. Soil samples from playgrounds were collected and analyzed for triazines, carbamates, dithiocarbamates, phenolic herbicides and organochlorine pesticides. Samples for the determination of heavy metals Cu, Cr and As were prepared by microwave-assisted acid digestion, and the findings were determined by using an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer. Triazines, carbamates, dithiocarbamates, chlorphenoxy compounds, phenolic herbicides, organochlorine pesticides and organotin compounds were detected in playground soils and their determined concentrations (mg/kg) were respectively found as follows: playground soils.

  1. OUTSOURCING OF PRODUKTION TO BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - INTERPLAY BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE-

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhic, Sefik; Mason, Anthony George

    1999-01-01

    a total ownership or joint venture). This will give similar problems and possibilities with the transfer, acceptance and application of production and economic principles and practicalities. Based on the hypothesis that the transfer of production and technology is effected by the various factors...... of their findings, taking all relevant factors into account. There will be an evaluation of the implementation of the local technological resources, natural resources, workforce, infrastructure and an analysis of the problem areas.One of the further aims of the paper is to investigate, how this "country analysis......Abstract:Because of the growth of internationalisation of the world's markets, in recent years Danish companies, as other countries industries, have noticed, a sharper international competitiveness and faster technological developments, integrated into manufacturing.After the opening of the former...

  2. Embodiment of terror: gendered violence in peacetime and wartime in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olujic, M B

    1998-03-01

    Gendered violence is not a special type of torture used only in war. Its roots are well established in peacetime. This article discusses parallels between the patterns of everyday domination and aggression during times of peace and war. Further, it discusses how metaphors and acts of rape in peacetime are transformed into symbols and acts of rape for wartime purposes. During peacetime the individual body, especially its essence--sexuality and reproduction--becomes the symbol of everyday domination and aggression. Wartime transforms individual bodies into social bodies as seen, for example, in genocidal rapes or ethnic cleansing, which are thought to purify the bloodlines. Then, institutions--that is, medical, religious, and government establishments--further reinforce the wartime process by manipulating the individual/social body into the body politic by controlling and defining "human life" and using political rapes to entice military action by the West. The final transformation (at the war's conclusion) is the reformation of the social body back into the individual body, making the individual body once again the focus of dominance and aggression as the acceptable social "order."

  3. Conditions and development tendencies of touristic offer in Kupres municipality (Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ante Šiljeg

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Data on tourism represent a basic indicator of the tourist market situation. The very course of the development of a tourist destination, the distribution of tourist resources, as well as the possibility of implementing changes in the tourist offer, all depend upon this data. Strong competition and the increasingly demanding visitors cause the responsible authorities to conduct constant planning and coordination. The term "tourist planning" implies an integral and strategic planning which includes: destination analysis, defining goals, adoption of strategies and programs, planning of land usage, organization of market, defining the desirable economic effect of tourism, and the cooperation of all subjects in the tourist offer. The efficacy of such planning reflects in the tourism indicators which serve as a framework for the assessment of an existing situation and the forming of management guidelines. One of the most relevant indicators of conditions is the opinion of tourists who rate the advantages and the shortcomings of tourist offer in the area which they visit, as well as the opinion of the indigenous population which participates in the creation of the tourist offer.The results of this paper are based upon the conducted survey among the visitors of sport-recreational centres Čajuša and Stožer, and the indigenous population of Kupres municipality. The structural characteristics of the examinees and the values of the actual opinions on the tourist offer have been determined. The perceived discrepancies in the answers from Croatian and domestic visitors indicate a tradition of visiting similar European destinations. The increase in number of tourists by 50% has been achieved in the last several years, primarily thanks to the snowmaking on the ski slopes, but also due to an improved tourist offer (ski courses, ski-lifts, ski kindergarten, snowboard slopes, traditional food, etc.. Although the pre-war tourist capacities still wait for a

  4. Catalogue of the Lichenized and Lichenicolous Fungi of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilovitz, Peter O; Mayrhofer, Helmut

    2010-06-01

    The catalogue is based on a comprehensive evaluation of 152 published sources. It includes 624 species (with 4 subspecies and 13 varieties) of lichenized and 17 species of lichenicolous Ascomycota, as well as 9 non-lichenized Ascomycota traditionally included in lichenological literature.

  5. Q-fever, human and animal morbidity in some regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zvizdić, Sukrija; Bajrović, Tarik; Beslagić, Edina; Puvacić, Sandra; Velić, Ramiz; Maglajlia, Jasminka; Hamzić, Sadeta; Kapić, Elvedina; Zvizdić, Amra

    2002-01-01

    Q-Fever is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetti. C. burnetti is an obligate intracellular parasite. It lives in phagolysosome of the host cell. By its infection of the sensitive persons develops the acute noncharacteristic disease, which passes noncharacteristically, with the appearance of higher temperature, headache, fever, weakness of the organism or by the appearance of symptoms of the undifferentiated infection of the upper parties of the respiratory system. In the course of the infection is being developed the intersticial pneumonia, what is the reason of the infected hospitalization. Most often get sick the sheep, cows and goats, what showed also on our examined sample. In most animals the symptoms of this bacterial infection are not present, pass unobviously, and get turned out during their gravidity. The most important carriers of the causes of this disease on the domestic or wild animals are artropodes, in which within the kind is possible also the transvatial and transstadial transfer. The wild animals transfer the disease at the domestic ones, and people most often are infected by contact with these animals, their consuming of meat or milk or by contact with their secretions. Though, the most important way of getting infected of people is aerosol contaminated by the carrier as these bacteria for a long get kept in the contaminated dust, wool, animal skin, fur, straw and the excretions of the infected animals. In the illusorilly healthy and pregnant animals the bacteria are to be found in the fertile water, chorions, and placenta, that is C. burnetti becomes the cause of the premature birth or abortion in these animals. In this way comes to the bacterial contamination of the environment of the animal itself. The diagnosis of Q.-Fever is complement fixation test, indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFT) and enzyme immunoassay (EIA).

  6. Correlation between water hardness and cardiovascular diseases in Mostar city, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knezović, Nevenka J; Memić, Mustafa; Mabić, Mirela; Huremović, Jasna; Mikulić, Ivanka

    2014-12-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the association of cardiovascular disease (CVD) of selected human subjects with the hardness of water they consume. Laboratory testing of physical and chemical parameters of water were made using standardized methods: Standard Methods 19th edn, 1995 (APHA, AWWA & WEF, Washington, DC), and ISO 7888:1985, ISO 10523:1998. Pearson's chi-squared test was used for the statistical analysis of data, with the significance level of 0.05. The obtained data were analysed using the statistical program SPSS 16.0. The study sample consisted of 1,021 individuals divided into two groups: soft water consumers, 603 individuals, and, hard water consumers, 618 individuals. Results indicate that a statistically significant (χ(2) = 5.315; df = 1; p = 0.021) number of individuals with CVD drink soft water. The prevalence of CVD in the age group 45-60 years in the study area where soft water is consumed was 21.3% and in the study area where hard water is consumed the prevalence of CVD was 13.7%. The summary results indicate significant correlation between the prevalence of CVD in the population group who drink soft water. The value of the relative risk is 1.127.

  7. Engaging Youth in Community Development: Post-War Healing and Recovery in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasumagic, Larisa

    2008-01-01

    In the aftermath of the Bosnian war, the country has been challenged with the task of responding to the atrocities that culminated in the killing of thousands of people. Furthermore, the country's resultant political instability and economic underdevelopment have been complicated by the multiple transitions to which it has been subject since the…

  8. ICT Usage of Pre-service Teachers: Cultural Comparison for Turkey and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirli, Cihad

    2013-01-01

    The importance of ICTs has become the undisputed in the present century. Studies have been conducted to investigate the use of ICTs with the goal of increase in quality of teacher education for a long time. This study is a cross-cultural comparison in terms of pre-service teachers' level of ICT usage, ICT knowledge and attitudes. The study was…

  9. Substance abuse prevalence and its relation to scholastic achievement and sport factors: an analysis among adolescents of the Herzegovina–Neretva Canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Sekulic Damir

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Substance abuse among adolescents is a major public health and social problem. However, studies rarely investigate the relationships between substance abuse, educational achievement and sport factors. Substance abuse is an even more significant problem in societies that have experienced trauma, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, which have had recent wars. The aims of this study were to investigate substance abuse among adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to study the potential gender-specific relationships between a sport factors (physical activity/exercise/athletic participation and substance abuse and b scholastic achievement and substance abuse. Methods Our sample consisted of 1,032 adolescents who were 17 to 18 years old (435 boys and 597 girls and who were in the final grade of high school. These subjects were randomly selected from the territory of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrospective testing was performed using an extensive self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions involving topics such as sociodemographic variables, scholastic variables, sport factors, and substance abuse data (smoking habits, drugs consumption and alcohol consumption using the AUDIT questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, frequencies, analyses of the differences and correlational analyses were performed. Results Our results found that greater than one-third of the boys and one-fourth of the girls were daily smokers, and almost half of the boys and one-fifth of the girls practiced harmful drinking; other drugs (i.e. heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, etc. were rarely consumed. Boys dominated in sport factors, whereas girls were more successful in scholastic achievement. Approximately 23% of the boys and 6% of the girls reported that they practiced harmful drinking and smoked simultaneously. Educational failure, which was defined as having one or more negative grades at the end of the last two

  10. Effects of nebivolol on artery hypertension--multicentre study Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusljugić, Zumreta; Divković, Katarina; Baraković, Fahir; Smajić, Elnur; Arslanagić, Amila; Hadziomerović, Mustafa; Fazlibegović, Emir; Midzić, Zlatko; Abdović, Enes; Krneta, Milenko; Celik, Radenko; Basić, Hajro; Avdić, Bajro; Delić, Adnan; Macić-Dzanković, Amra; Keco, Nedzad; Boskailo, Hajra

    2005-02-01

    Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases; drugs that reduce blood pressure and simultaneously improve or reverse endothelian dysfunction, as nebivolol, may be advantageous in terms of cardiovascular protection. The objective of this study is to show the anti-hypertensive efficacy and safety of nebivolol (5 mg once a day) given to patients with arterial hypertension for 3 months. It should also provide information about drug's influence on laboratory tests--fasting blood glucose and serum cholesterol, triglyceride and creatinine concentrations. Six centers--Tuzla, Sarajevo, Mostar, Bihac, Zenica and Banja Luka participated in this prospective study with follow-up period of 3 months that included 3 visits. The study group consisted of 328 hypertensic patients. Results showed a significant decrease in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate at the end of the study. Fasting blood glucose level and serum cholesterol, triglyceride and creatinine changed significantly during the study, with lower levels of all the tests. Nebivolol seems to be free from some of the problems that generally accompany not only the classical beta- blockers but sometimes also newer classes of antihypertensive drugs. With its high anti-hypertensive efficiency and safety, and presence of statically significant difference in laboratory tests and beneficial effects, absence of adverse interaction with glucose and lipid metabolism, patients treated with Nebivolol may show an optimal adherence to therapy.

  11. Five Years of Constitutional Jurisprudence in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A First Balance

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    Joseph Marko

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects the experiences of the author after having served as one of the three international judges of the Constitutional Court of BiH from 1997 to 2002. Based on the relevant case-law of the Constitutional Court it gives a basic overview of the constitutional structure of BiH and analyses the position of the Court vis-à-vis other institutions established under the Dayton-Agreement and the powers of judicial review and human rights protection based on its appellate jurisdiction. Moreover means of interpretation and the elements of constitutional doctrine elaborated through case-law as well as organisational and procedural matters such as the role of dissenting opinions are discussed. In conclusion the article reflects the role of the Constitutional Court in transition from an ethnically divided and war-torn society to democracy and the effective protection of human and minority rights.

  12. Regadenoson in Myocardial Perfusion Study - First Institutional Experiences in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beslic, Nermina; Milardovic, Renata; Sadija, Amera; Ceric, Sejla; Raic, Zeljka

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is widely used in the evaluation of known and suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Imaging of heart in stress and rest enables the comparison of myocardial uptake of radiotracer in proportion to the needs and coronary flow, which is used for detection of perfusion defects. Exercise stress and pharmacologic agents are used for the stressing purpose. Novel pharmacologic stressor regadenoson is A2A selective adenosine agonist, which selectively binds to the adenosine receptors in coronary arteries causing coronary dilatation. Materials and methods: We analyzed 50 myocardial perfusion studies performed with regadenoson as a pharmacologic agent that was injected before Tc99m-sestamibi in stress imaging. Stress and rest sets of images were evaluated for relative uptake of Tc99m-sestamibi in order to detect and characterize perfusion defects. After the injection of regadenoson, hemodynamic parameters and potential side-effects were closely monitored. Side-effects were stratified per severity as mild, moderate and severe. Studies were read by nuclear medicine physicians using quantitative perfusion SPECT software. Additional diagnostic information such as wall motion and wall thickening were provided by gating. Results: Thirty-three patients (66%) experienced one or more side-effects upon the administration of regadenoson, most commonly warmth and chest discomfort. In all patients but one (98%), the symptoms were mild, of short duration and self-limiting. Out of all side-effects registered, 44 (96%) were mild, and 2 (4%) were moderate. Two moderate side-effects developed in one patient with a prior history of asthma, and included shortness of breath and cough. Heart rate changed by 16 +- 31 bpm. Highest increase in blood pressure was 30 mm Hg for systolic, and 10 mm Hg for diastolic. One case of significant decrease in blood pressure was noted from the hypertensive basal values, 50 mm for systolic, and 30 mm Hg for

  13. Job Satisfaction of Banking Sector Employees in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Emira KOZAREVIC

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Banks worldwide are looking for new and creative ways to operate and achieve competitive advantages under the global recession conditions. The recession effects have forced the banks to look into more effective utilisation of internal resources and their potential. Human resources are recognised as the key element in successful business navigation through difficult market conditions, including competition with other banks and non-banking financial institutions. This is even more important for the banks operating in developing countries, where the effects of the recession are considerably harsher. Many studies have acknowledged the direct link between productivity and the level of employee satisfaction. This work aims to establish and recognise some of the main factors associated with the job satisfaction of banking employees in the Federation of BiH and provide useful guidance to bank managers in this region and beyond, as a contribution to their continuous improvement efforts in business and people management during these challenging times. The research is predominantly based on the survey conducted in the banking sector of the Federation of BiH in 2013. The survey sample covers 529 respondents that represent 7.4% of the overall banking employee sector base of 7,130. The analysis of survey results, supported by empirical research and the review of related literature, revealed that job satisfaction amongst the bankers is determined by a wide spectrum of factors such as: demographic characteristics, management and supervision, monetary compensation, non-monetary recognition, work environment, job responsibility and type of tasks, social atmosphere at work and general satisfaction with life.

  14. Teachers’ Perception of Aggressive Behaviour in Children: Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Tahirovic, Senija

    2015-01-01

    Aggressive behaviour in children and youth is a widespread phenomenon. Antisocial behaviour that includes certain kind of aggressive behaviour can occur and disappear again during a child’s development. However, from a psychological perspective aggression can be one of the problematic types of behaviour in children with long-lasting negative consequences.The aim of this research is to examine teachers’ perceptions of the types of aggressive behaviour as well as to find out the causes for the ...

  15. Heavy Metal Contents in Spices from Markets in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Huremović, J.; Badema, B.; Muhić-Šarac, T.; Selović,, A.; Memić, M.

    2014-01-01

    Spices are some of the most common foods in the human diet around the world. Spices are dried parts of plants used often as diet components to improve aroma and acceptability of food. The aim of this work was to determine the contents of seven heavy metals (Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) in spices available at local markets in Sarajevo. Metal concentrations in six spice samples (black pepper (Piper nigrum), basil (Ocimum...

  16. Has the Dayton Peace Agreement Stopped Progress in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    continues to struggle. The Dayton Peace Agreement provided a policy answer for a Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous ( VUCA ) situation in the...former Yugoslavia. As with VUCA driven policy actions it could not address all of the dynamics in play to ensure a positive long term outcome for BiH...Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). Soon after its establishment, SFRY would become unique in the world of Communism and socialism. 9 To the

  17. Depression in Parents of Children with Cerebral Palsy in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Osman Sinanović

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to examine depression in parents of children with cerebral palsy, with hypothesis to have more depressive symptom among mothers of children with cerebral palsy. The sample of examinees (between 23 and 62 age was used in this research. The first subsample of examinees (N=23 was made of mothers (average 33±5.83 of children with cerebral palsy. The second subsample of examinees (N=12 was made of fathers of children with cerebral palsy (average 38±9.8. The third subsample of examinees (N=16 represented the control group, and it was made of mothers of children without disorders (average 38±6.57. For the purpose of quantitative measurement of depression, the Zung self-evaluated method for depression was applied. All data research were processed by parametric and nonparametric statistics. The frequencies and percents were also calculated, and Kruskal-Valis single-factor analysis of variants was applied for checking the hypothesis. According to the results of this research, it was concluded that there was no statistically significant difference in the evaluation of depression between mothers and fathers of children with cerebral palsy, as well as there is no statistically significant difference in relation to mothers of children without disorders

  18. Marketing Factors Affecting Leasing Selection in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Case Study on VB Leasing

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    Almir Ljeskovica

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In constantly changing environment all types of companies need some support from various types of funding institutions. Companies use their own resources to finance some projects or purchases but also take loans, mostly from banks to have additional support or in case of lack of money. Beside small, medium, as well as big companies, physical persons also use different types of financing to achieve their goals and fulfil their needs. Financing companies need to recognize the criteria on which prospective customers establish their financing selection decision. Planning a proper marketing strategy in order to attract new customers is of crucial importance in identifying these criteria. The main purpose of the study is to identify which factors affects people to choose leasing services. For data collection and analyse both, qualitative and quantitative study is conducted. Data for this study were collected through surveys delivered to 65 VB Leasing users from Sarajevo region. Out of 65, 57 useful responses were accepted for further analysis. Also interview was done with director of VB Leasing for qualitative study in order to get more insights in this topic. Findings of the study show what are the important factors for leasing selection and these information can support leasing managers in designing marketing strategies for perspective customers.

  19. ANALYZING CONSUMER BEHAVIOR IN ONLINE GROUP BUYING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Lejla Selimovic

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Online buying is one of the most popular activities on the Internet, and within that group buying is one of the activities in the trend as a popular form of electronic commerce. Group buying is a worldwide phenomenon, and more recently very popular form of doing business on the local market. But the reasons why consumers are practicing such purchases, how they behave when buying, and what motivates them to buy are still not fully explored. The purpose of this paper is to get an insight into what the main factors are that the online consumers take into consideration when purchasing online. This paper will show how a new form of Internet commerce has found a way to turn the economic crisis to its benefit. Respectively, how consumers, encouraged by a limited purchasing power, unite and strengthen their position against the sellers to obtain a volume discount. The paper is based on an online questionnaire conducted by the authors on a sample of 562 respondents in BiH.

  20. People's Attitudes versus Politics: Segregated Education in Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torsti, Pilvi

    2009-01-01

    Education was an important part of the identity politics of socialist Yugoslavia, created after the Second World War under Partisan leadership. It has even been suggested that efforts towards nation building in Yugoslavia were carried out mainly through the education system and history education (Diegoli, 2007, 49-50; Hopken, 1997, 82; Wachtel…

  1. Prof. Dr. Mithad Kozličić – Member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Miljenko Lapaine

    2013-06-01

    material and one intended for navigation, and charts by 12 cartographers produced between the beginning of the 13th century and the end of the 16th century are researched. The central chapter is dedicated to numerous cartographers and their perception of the Croatian Adriatic. The book contains basic map data, including toponymy, name of the collection and scientific and expert commentary. A list of bibliographic units and a terminology index can be found at the end. We would like to single out Professor Kozličić’s monographs Panoramas of Dalmatia by Giuseppe Rieger, published by the Hydrographic Institute of the Republic of Croatia, Split 2003, Regiones Flumina Unnae et Sanae in Veteribus Tabulis Geographicis, Una-Sana Area on Old Geographic Maps, published by the National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo and the Una-Sana Canton Archive, Bihać, 2003 and Eastern Adriatic in Work of Beautemps-Beaupré, published in 2006. Prof. Dr. Mithad Kozličić is a member of several expert societies, including the Croatian Cartographic Society, in which he was a member of the Court of Honour for several years. He received several awards and acknowledgments and this year became a member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina (“a member outside of working team” – citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina living abroad.Congratulations! 

  2. Challenge of Goodness II: new humanitarian technology, developed in croatia and bosnia and Herzegovina in 1991-1995, and applied and evaluated in Kosovo 1999.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, S

    1999-09-01

    This paper presents improvements of the humanitarian proposals of the Challenge of Goodness project published earlier (1). In 1999 Kosovo crisis, these proposals were checked in practice. The priority was again on the practical intervention - helping people directly - to prevent, stop, and ease suffering. Kosovo experience also prompted us to modify the concept of the Challenge of Goodness. It should include research and education (1. redefinition of health, 2. confronting genocide, 3. university studies and education, and 4. collecting experience); evaluation (1. Red Cross forum, 2. organization and technology assessment, 3. Open Hand - Experience of Good People); activities in different stages of war or conflict in: 1. prevention (right to a home, Hate Watch, early warning), 2. duration (refugee camps, prisoners-of-war camps, global hospital, minorities), 3. end of conflict (planned, organized, and evaluated protection), 4. post conflict (remaini ng and abandoned populations, prisoners of war and missing persons, civilian participation, return, and renewal). Effectiveness of humanitarian intervention may be performed by politicians, soldiers, humanitarian workers, and volunteers, but the responsibility lies on science. Science must objectively collect data, develop hypotheses, check them in practice, allow education, and be the force of good, upon which everybody can rely. Never since the World War II has anybody in Europe suffered in war and conflict so much as peoples in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. We should search for the meaning of their suffering, and develop new knowledge and technology of peace.

  3. Constitutional Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A Unicameral Parliamentary Political System as a Solution for the Implementation of the Ruling in the Case “Sejdić and Finci vs. Bosnia and Herzegovina”?

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    Saša GAVRIĆ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The ruling of the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg in December 2009 in the Sejdic and Finci vs. Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH case has set a clear task for BiH institutions and political elites: the political system of BiH must be reorganised in such a way so that all citizens be able to run and be elected for the BiH Presidency and House of Peoples of the BiH Parliamentary Assembly, regardless of their ethnic origin. Since 2010 till today we have heard a number of discussions on the implementation of the decision, but none of them found consensus among BiH political elites. Based on the opinions of the Venice Commission, the Swiss political system and the analysis of the actual BiH political structure, a proposal for the implementation of the ruling Sejdic and Finci will be presented in this text. It foresees the abolishment of the Presidency and House of Peoples of the Parliamentary Assembly by creating a unicameral parliamentary political system in BiH, with a more functional decision making process. The executive power will not be anymore divided between the collective head of the state (Presidency and the state government (Council of Ministers, but would be focused on only one body: the Council of Ministers.

  4. The contribution of the Youth Communication Center (YCC to the peace building process in the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the region

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    Kelava Vera

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Ever since its formation, the YCC has been working intensely on the reconciliation process and peace building. Over the past few years, we have implemented programs and conducted activities aimed at different categories of the population (refugees and displaced persons, ethnic minorities returnees, discharged soldiers, representatives of political parties representatives of local NGO-s, etc in more than 40 communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina and broader. During our activities, we have developed a methodology of education on reconciliation and peace building by adapting the experiences of the good practice from other countries to the needs of the local environment we work in. In addition, we also organize programs aiming at connecting the young people in the region, actions and campaigns of public advocacy aimed at bringing about democratic change on the local and on the state level, counseling and psychotherapy for the vulnerable groups of citizens, continual media promotion of reconciliation over radio programs, we organize education for local experts dealing with reconciliation issues etc.

  5. Challenge of goodness: twelve humanitarian proposals based on the experience of 1991-1995 wars in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, S

    1998-03-01

    Based on the 1991-1995 war experience of peoples of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, I made twelve proposals regarding the following aspects of health, humanitarian work, and human rights: 1. Broadening of the WHO definition of health by including spiritual well-being (absence of hatred) in it, 2. Inclusion of the term genocide into the Index Medicus (MeSH), 3. Establishment of concepts of prevention of hate, 4. Right to a home, 5. Right of civilians to participate in defense and renewal, 6. Right to deliberation from enslavement and right to find out the fate of missing persons, 7. Global hospital, 8. Monitoring of prisoner-of-war camps, 9. Refugee camps, 10. Providing of care for the abandoned - a new category of people suffering in war, 11. Introduction of the Helping Hand concept, 12. Organization of the Red Cross Forum after the cessation of hostilities. The fundamental objective was to establish the legitimacy of honesty in practice, regulative social mechanisms, and science.

  6. Comparative Structural Dynamics of the Janj Mixed Old-Growth Mountain Forest in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Are Conifers in a Long-Term Decline?

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    Srdjan Keren

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Regression of conifers in European mixed old-growth mountain forests has been observed for a long period and studied from different aspects. Old-growth (OG forests in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH have not experienced heavy air pollution and chronic overbrowsing that have affected many other European OG forests, while climatic and anthropogenic disturbances have been well documented. We analysed stand structure in the Janj OG forest, compared it with inventories of Lom and Perucica OG forests (BiH and with earlier inventories of the same reserves. At present, OG forest Janj is characterized by a high growing stock (1215 m3∙ha−1. This is due to good site quality, prevalence of conifers (84% and dominant endogenous processes in recent decades. In all three OG forests, indicators of structural change exhibited progression of European beech over time. Historical evidence revealed the occurrence of warm summers and droughts followed by bark beetle outbreaks in the 1920s, 1940s and early 1950s, which in turn influenced a marked conifer decline. It seems likely that repeated canopy opening released waves of European beech regeneration. These stand structural changes have delayed the rejuvenation of conifers and can help explain the early observations of conifer decline.

  7. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN EU’S BORDER AREAS: CROATIA AS A REGIONAL MODEL FOR DESTINATION BRANDING STRATEGY IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Maja PULIC

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The newest member joined the European Union (EU with a well-conceived destination branding strategy. Croatia is becoming more and more identifiable world-wide by creating a distinctive brand in order to maintain a solid positioning as a destination place. As competition is becoming more intense, an increasing number of countries struggle to make themselves visible in the global tourism market. Tourism dominates the Croatian service sector, where the bulk of the tourist industry is concentrated along the Adriatic Sea coast. Although not very successful in public diplomacy, a complex system of coordinated activities that Croatia implemented resulted in strengthening the perception and image of the overall destination brand. This research aims at exploring the Croatian destination branding strategy as a potential model for its closest neighboring country, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH. Sharing a common history, borders and people, BIH and Croatia represent a unique comparative case study for regional spill-over development between the EU and non-EU countries. Therefore, this study takes into account what has been done so far on both sides regarding destination branding strategy, thus exploring what lessons could be learned from Croatia and what is the best future regional approach for creating a BIH’s destination brand.

  8. Psychosocial assistance project decreases posttraumatic stress disorder and depression amongst primary and secondary schools students in post-war Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Mevludin Hasanović

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To assess whether psychosocial support of the School Project of the Humanitarian Society (HS “Prijateljice (Girlfriends” had a positive effect on reducing posttraumatic consequences in Bosnia-Herzegovina primary and secondary school students, aft er the 1992-1995 war. Subjects and Methods. A stratified sample of 336 students, aged 13.5±1.6 (10 to 18 years, in primary and secondary schools, involved in psychosocial support, were compared with 72 randomly selected peers from the same schools, not involved in this project. Data were collected in December 2005 and in May 2006. Th e Children’s Depression Inventory and the Child Post-Traumatic Stress Reaction Index were utilized. Statistical analysis involved McNemar’s test, Students’ t-test, Chi-square test and Pearson’s correlation test. Results. According to DSM, the prevalence of PTSD and depression among students involved in the School Project, significantly decreased from 46.1% to 13.4% and 25.6% to 1.8%, respectively (McNemar’s test,P<0.001; P<0.001, respectively. In the control group the prevalenceof PTSP and depression decreased from 30.5% to 23.6% and 22.2%to 11.1%, respectively, with no significance (McNemar’s test, p=0.332; p=0.077, significantly. Girls had a significantly higher prevalence of both PTSD and depression compared to the boys. Age, the numberof traumatic episodes, and suicidal behavior correlated with the intensity of PTSD symptoms and depression symptoms. Conclusions.Psychosocial support within the School Project resulted in a significant reduction of PTSP and depression amongst the involved students compared to the controls. Schools and other institutions ought to envisage as many projects as possible to be implemented in school and out-of-school to assist young people to overcome more easily the consequences of the war in their development.

  9. Prevalence of behavioral risk factors of non-communicable diseases among urban and rural population in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Aida Pilav

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The objective of the paper is to analyze and to assess prevalence of the major behavioral risk factors among adult population (25-64 years of age in the rural and urban areas in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBIH.Methods Data were taken from cross-sectional population survey on the health status population in the FBIH. To ensure a sample representative for the adult population in the FBIH it was applied the two-stage stratified systematic sample. The survey covered a total of 2735 adult population aged 25-64 years, of which 1087 in the urban areas and 1648 in rural areas.Results. The prevalence of smoking among men in rural areas is significantly higher than among men in urban areas (69% vs. 55%, while the prevalence of smoking among women is higher in urban than in rural areas (45% vs. 31%. There is no statistically significant difference in prevalence of obesity and physical activity according to the age groups among men and women in the urban and rural areas. The frequency of changes in behavior related to acquiring healthy living habits in the rural areas is statistically significant among men and women, while in the urban areas there is no statistical significance among the sexes.Conclusions. The results indicate that there are no significant differences in prevalence of factor risks in urban and rural areas. Prevalence of unhealthy lifestyles is high, and the results should be used to improve standard planning of health promotion-prevention programs.

  10. Comparative assessment of passive surveillance in disease-free and endemic situation: Example of Brucella melitensis surveillance in Switzerland and in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Haracic Sabina

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Globalization and subsequent growth in international trade in animals and animal products has increased the importance of international disease reporting. Efficient and reliable surveillance systems are needed in order to document the disease status of a population at a given time. In this context, passive surveillance plays an important role in early warning systems. However, it is not yet routinely integrated in the assessment of disease surveillance systems because different factors like the disease awareness (DA of people reporting suspect cases influence the detection performance of passive surveillance. In this paper, we used scenario tree methodology in order to evaluate and compare the quality and benefit of abortion testing (ABT for Brucella melitensis (Bm between the disease free situation in Switzerland (CH and a hypothetical disease free situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH, taking into account DA levels assumed for the current endemic situation in BH. Results The structure and input parameters of the scenario tree were identical for CH and BH with the exception of population data in small ruminants and the DA in farmers and veterinarians. The sensitivity analysis of the stochastic scenario tree model showed that the small ruminant population structure and the DA of farmers were important influential parameters with regard to the unit sensitivity of ABT in both CH and BH. The DA of both farmers and veterinarians was assumed to be higher in BH than in CH due to the current endemic situation in BH. Although the same DA cannot necessarily be assumed for the modelled hypothetical disease free situation as for the actual endemic situation, it shows the importance of the higher vigilance of people reporting suspect cases on the probability that an average unit processed in the ABT-component would test positive. Conclusion The actual sensitivity of passive surveillance approaches heavily depends on the context in

  11. Bombs Over Bosnia: The Role of Airpower in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-06-01

    Bosnian Serbs in the areas of Sarajevo and the strategic Posavina corridor that linked Serbia with the northern Bosnian Serb stronghold around Banja Luka ...within artillery range of the largest Bosnian Serb town of Banja Luka , before Mladic agreed to move his equipment from around Sarajevo. Combined with...more secure positions around Banja Luka . Amazingly, they now controlled almost exactly 49% of Bosnia, the percentage called for in the proposed peace

  12. An Examination of the Ethnicity-Specific Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Substance Use and Misuse: Cross-Sectional Analysis of Croatian and Bosniak Adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dusko Bjelica

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Substance use and misuse (SUM in adolescence is a significant public health problem and the extent to which adolescents exhibit SUM behaviors differs across ethnicity. This study aimed to explore the ethnicity-specific and gender-specific associations among sports factors, familial factors, and personal satisfaction with physical appearance (i.e., covariates and SUM in a sample of adolescents from Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In this cross-sectional study the participants were 1742 adolescents (17–18 years of age from Bosnia and Herzegovina who were in their last year of high school education (high school seniors. The sample comprised 772 Croatian (558 females and 970 Bosniak (485 females adolescents. Variables were collected using a previously developed and validated questionnaire that included questions on SUM (alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, and consumption of other drugs, sport factors, parental education, socioeconomic status, and satisfaction with physical appearance and body weight. The consumption of cigarettes remains high (37% of adolescents smoke cigarettes, with a higher prevalence among Croatians. Harmful drinking is also alarming (evidenced in 28.4% of adolescents. The consumption of illicit drugs remains low with 5.7% of adolescents who consume drugs, with a higher prevalence among Bosniaks. A higher likelihood of engaging in SUM is found among children who quit sports (for smoking and drinking, boys who perceive themselves to be good looking (for smoking, and girls who are not satisfied with their body weight (for smoking. Higher maternal education is systematically found to be associated with greater SUM in Bosniak girls. Information on the associations presented herein could be discretely disseminated as a part of regular school administrative functions. The results warrant future prospective studies that more precisely identify the causality among certain variables.

  13. How States Carry Out Acts of Terror: Wars, Strategies and Tactics in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MA. Astrit Lleshi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Terrorism is a notoriously difficult concept that defies single universal definition. Terrorists intentionally employ violence in order to instill fear in their victims and the wider public. Terrorist movements aim to achieve their political, social and/or religious goals through use of violent acts. (Hoffman, 1998: 43 In most cases terrorism is perpetrated by non-state actors and is "bottom up" challenge to the existing political order. However this article argues that the nature of the crime and not the perpetrator should determine whether some criminal act constitutes terrorism and acts of terror can also be committed by states and/or state actors. In this article, the author will examine the overall strategy and tactics used by the Milosevic and Karadzic regimes in BiH and Kosovo to fulfil their wartime ambitions of maintaining and consolidating control over Serb and Serb-occupied territory, relying primarily upon the indictments and judgments of the ICTY in which they and members of their armed forces acting under their authority have been charged and/or convicted of war crimes and terror, along with reports from international organizations such as the United Nations and other sources. Through an analysis of these tactics against leading definitions of terrorism, it will be demonstrated that rather than fighting against terrorists and insurgents, the Milosevic and Karadzic regimes carried out acts of terror during the wars in Kosovo and BiH, respectively, and furthermore Milosevic was sponsoring state-terrorism in BiH (Blakely, 2012: 3-4.

  14. Efficiency of a single-rate and broad-based VAT system: the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dinka Antić

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the performance and efficiency of the VAT system in B&H and explore the effects of internal and external factors influencing VAT collection. The VAT system in B&H is a consumption-type, single-rate and broad-based system. Ever since its implementation, VAT collection in B&H has been subject to strong oscillations, from an extremely high performance in the first two years after the introduction, to a sharp drop at the beginning of the crisis. After a temporary recovery, VAT collection declined in the last quarter of 2012 and has been negative ever since, although a weak recovery of the B&H economy was observed in 2013. The key hypothesis is that the high efficiency of the broadbased and single-rate structured VAT system may be neutralized by the country’s specific circumstances and VAT policy design. Applying a set of indicators for VAT efficiency analysis, developed by IMF, OECD and EU, we find a deterioration of the components of the policy gap caused by derogations of the VAT Law, and an increasing compliance gap, due to an increase of the VAT debt and tax evasion, in consequence of poor policy design in the field of excises. As a result of the influence of the country’s specific circumstances and its VAT policy design the identifiable current net losses on VAT in 2013 amount to 4% of net VAT collection or 0.4% of GDP. The analysis presented in the paper proves the main hypothesis that a VAT design, even when it is close to theoretically ideal concept, cannot on its own produce a high level of VAT efficiency and performance.

  15. The consequences of judicial obligations as a politics of transition in post-war Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croatia

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    Veljanovska Michelle

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the idea of victimhood from the individual to societal level within the context of transitional justice and reconciliation. The idea of justice and truth has gained considerable prevalence within post-war states in the Balkan region. The reform of the state has required the regeneration of society based on particular legal interpretations of the political violence. As a result, an era of judicial obligations has come to frame how society regenerates, reforms and rehabilitates. Therefore the paper discusses the consequences of wartime victimization in terms of local responses to how ‘the past is processed’ through Transitional Justice institutions like the International Criminal Tribunal of Yugoslavia (ICTY, and associated ad-hoc mechanisms, like outreach programs. The establishment of such judicial processes have set off particular questions like can society be seen as victim? How is society victim? Using a socio-political approach, such questions are problematised through a political defeat paradigm to reveal a particular political anxiety that underwrites the new societies and their politics. This is where the idea of “state anxiety” and “political defeat” are used to discuss what has locally formed out of such politics of transition.

  16. Epilepsy in Children with Intellectual Disability in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Effects of Sex, Level and Etiology of Intellectual Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memisevic, Haris; Sinanovic, Osman

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the occurrence of epilepsy in children with intellectual disability. An additional goal was to determine if there were statistical differences in the occurrence of epilepsy related to the sex, level and etiology of intellectual disability of children. The sample consisted of 167 children with intellectual…

  17. Monitoring jonosfere i svemirskog vremena u Bosni i Hercegovini : Monitoring of ionosphere and space weather in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Džana Horozović

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Zbog svoje disperzivne prirode, jonosfera uzrokuje kašnjenje koda, odnosno ubrzanje faze signala Globalnih navigacijskih satelitskih sistema - GNSS. Usprkos napretku metoda GNSS pozicioniranja, jonosferska refrakcija je još uvijek jedan od najvećih izvora pogrešaka geodetskog pozicioniranja i navigacije. Različiti fenomeni svemirskog vremena, kao: solarni vjetar, geomagnetna oluja, solarna radijacija, može oštetiti GNSS satelite, dalekovode i elektrodistributivnu mrežu, itd. Zato je važno ustanoviti metode istraživanja i monitoringa svemirskog vremena. Istraživanje jonosfere i svemirskog vremena je predmet ovog rada. Opisan je postupak konstruiranja SID (engl. sudden ionospheric disturbances – iznenadne jonosferske smetnje monitora. Analiza je pokazala da je jonosferska monitoring stanica u Sarajevu SRJV_ION 0436 sposobna otkriti pojačano zračenje. : Due to its dispersive nature, ionosphere causes a group delay or phase acceleration of the signals from Global navigation satellite systems - GNSS. Despite the progress of GNSS positioning methods, the ionospheric refraction is still one of the greatest source of the errors in the geodetic positioning and navigation. Different phenomenons oft he space weather: solar wind, geomagnetic storm, solar radiation, can damage GNSS, and electric power distribution networks but That is why it's important to establish research and monitoring methods of the space weather. The subject of this paper is the investigation of ionosphere and space weather. Procedure of constructing a SID (engl. Sudden ionospheric disturbances monitor station are described. The analysis showed that ionosphere monitoring station in Sarajevo, SRJV_ION 0436, was able to detect increased solar radiation.

  18. Roots of pharmacy practice in bosnia and herzegovina from the ottoman and austro-hungarian period: attars' mission for pharmaceutical care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zunic, Lejla; Masic, Izet

    2015-02-01

    Significant role in how they played, and Jews Sephardim who came to Bosnia from Spain and Portugal in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. It is those were the first owners of districts-Shop herbs or pharmacy. Along with them were developed and Muslim attars, who founded and attars marketplace in Sarajevo. Experience and knowledge in the domain of medicine and healing practiced by old Bosnian Sephardim been acquired for centuries, is now mainly found on the shelves.

  19. Postgraduate studies (1978-1985 at the Medical Faculty of the University of Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Husref Tahirović

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Postgraduate studies (PS at the Medical Faculty (MF of the University of Tuzla (UT were founded with the aim of training future staff of the MF in scientific research work. The course lasted four semesters. Up to 1986, classes were attended by five generations or 141 postgraduate students, and 57 of them received their Master’s degree (MSc’s. Classes were held every week on Fridays and Saturdays. One part of the classes was taught at the MF in Szeged (Hungary. Besides teachers from the UT, classes were also taught by teachers from other universities from the former Yugoslavia and abroad. The most important textbooks were: Cell and Molecular Biology by de Robertisa, Mathematics and statistics for use in pharmacy, biology, and chemistry by Saunders & Fleming, and Kako se pišu saopštenja o medicinskim istraživanjima (How to write reports of medical research by Rajko Igić. Searching the index base Pub Med at the end of 2014, by the surnames and initials of the names of the 57 masters, we found that they had published 14 articles before completing their MSc’s and 821 articles after completing their Master of Science. Later, 35 masters received PhDs and were appointed assistant professors, and later they were also appointed to higher ranks. Conclusion: Looking at the results of the PS, MF of the UT in the above mentioned period, it can be said that the PS was the place where the formation began of the future scientific and teaching staff of the MF in Tuzla.

  20. ELISA subtypization of anti-ENA autoantibodies in clinical management of autoimmune diseases in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subasic, Djemo; Karamehic, Jasenko; Gavrankapetanovic, Faris; Hodzic, Harun; Kasumovic, Mersija; Delic-Sarac, Marina; Prljaca-Zecevic, Lamija

    2009-01-01

    The basis of autoimmune diseases such as SLE (Systemic Lupus Eritematodes), Sjogren's syndrome, scleroderma, dermatomyositis and polymiositis is the creation of auto-antibodies to the following specific extractable nuclear antigens (ENA):Jo-1, Ssl-70, SS-A, SS-B, Sm and Sm/RNPs. Some of these antigens are in fact enzymes (Jo-1-histidil-tRNA synthetase, Scl-70-topoisomerase) which are inhibited by specific autoantibodies--this leads to disturbance in the metabolism of DNA and protein biosynthesis. During 2009, we analyzed total of 87 serum samples of patients suspected for autoimmune disorder using ANA-IFA and ELISA-ENA-6 methods. After establishing IFA-ANA positivity (83.9%), all serum specimens; ANA positive and negative, were subtypized by ELISA ENA-6 test. Analysis showed the highest incidence of anti-SS-A (56%), and incidence of anti-SS-B (29.8%), anti-Sm/ RNP (11.5%), anti-Jo-1 (2.3%) and anti-Scl-70 (1,1%) auto-antibodies. Also, 78.5% of IFA-ANA negative serum specimens showed high level of positivity (212.50 and 277.0 IU/ml) to SS-A (78.5%) and SS-B (21.4%) antigenes using ELISA-ENA-6 subtypization. Following these results, we conclude that it is necessary to introduce Western blot confirmation testing. After comparing with other clinical findings, we diagnosed the following autoimmune diseases: SLE, Sjogren's syndrome and dermatomiosytis.

  1. A RESEARCH ANALYSIS OF THE LEVEL OF EMPLOYEES’ SATISFACTION BY TRAINING PROGRAMS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BANKING SECTOR

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    Adisa DELIĆ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Investment into people through education, professional training in accordance to bank’s needs, and work on “nurturing” the readiness to challenges and changes are all significant starting points for achieving bank competitiveness. Identifying the dominant forms of employee training and determining the level of employee satisfaction by the existing training programs, which is the basic goal of this paper, enable bank managers to obtain valid information on appropriate changes of certain training programs and development of employees. The paper presents the results of the empirical research conducted in a subject BiH bank, aimed at defining the methods of employee training that are characteristic of the banking sector and the level of employee satisfaction by training programs they attend. The research included 172 employees of the subject bank. The authors believe that the critical analysis of the employee training and development methods applied in the banking sector as well as the criteria for selecting the programs for the realization of these methods can lead to widening the scientific knowledge in the field of human resource management in banking and to creating specific recommendations for bank managers which they can/need apply in their practice in order to improve the entire business operations.

  2. Post-conflict housing restitution : the European human rights perspective, with a case study on Bosnia and Herzegovina

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buyse, Antoine Christian

    2008-01-01

    The loss of one’s house is often one of the most dramatic personal consequences of armed conflict. In fragile post-conflict societies such a loss does not only cause a flow of refugees and other displaced persons, but it can also be a source of renewed conflict. Restitution of housing could help to

  3. Prediction of the Y-Chromosome Haplogroups Within a Recently Settled Turkish Population in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doğan, Serkan; Doğan, Gŭlşen; Ašić, Adna; Besić, Larisa; Klimenta, Biljana; Hukić, Mirsada; Turan, Yusuf; Primorac, Dragan; Marjanović, Damir

    2016-04-01

    Analysis of Y-chromosome haplogroup distribution is widely used when investigating geographical clustering of different populations, which is why it plays an important role in population genetics, human migration patterns and even in forensic investigations. Individual determination of these haplogroups is mostly based on the analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers located in the non-recombining part of Y-chromosome (NRY). On the other hand, the number of forensic and anthropology studies investigating short tandem repeats on the Y-chromosome (Y-STRs) increases rapidly every year. During the last few years, these markers have been successfully used as haplogroup prediction methods, which is why they have been used in this study. Previously obtained Y-STR haplotypes (23 loci) from 100 unrelated Turkish males recently settled in Sarajevo were used for the determination of haplogroups via 'Whit Athey's Haplogroup Predictor' software. The Bayesian probability of 90 of the studied haplotypes is greater than 92.2% and ranges from 51.4% to 84.3% for the remaining 10 haplotypes. A distribution of 17 different haplogroups was found, with the Y- haplogroup J2a being most prevalent, having been found in 26% of all the samples, whereas R1b, G2a and R1a were less prevalent, covering a range of 10% to 15% of all the samples. Together, these four haplogroups account for 63% of all Y-chromosomes. Eleven haplogroups (E1b1b, G1, I1, I2a, I2b, J1, J2b, L, Q, R2, and T) range from 2% to 5%, while E1b1a and N are found in 1% of all samples. Obtained results indicate that a large majority of the Turkish paternal line belongs to West Asia, Europe Caucasus, Western Europe, Northeast Europe, Middle East, Russia, Anatolia, and Black Sea Y-chromosome lineages. As the distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroups is consistent with the previously published data for the Turkish population residing in Turkey, it was concluded that the analyzed population could also be recognized as

  4. Virgin Status Assessment of Plješevica Forest in Bosnia - Herzegovina

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    Ćemal VISNJIC

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Virgin forests are relatively rare in the European temperate zone. This is due to the continuous use of forest historically and to increasinghigh population densities. Virgin forests are forest where the structure and dynamics have developed entirely under natural conditions,without any human interference or influence. This article assesses the Plješevica forest in Bosnia Herzegovina to establish whether it canbe classified as virgin forest. The structure and components of the forest were assessed in a 1 ha sample plot and four 400m2 quadrats. Thevalues of the biodiversity indexes (as defined by Shannon and Weaver, Krebs and Meyer, species richness and evenness, the distributionof the different stand development stages and the proportion of dead wood lead to the conclusion that Plješevica forest presents a set ofstructural and dynamic characteristics close to the ones typical for virgin forests in Europe, so in order to maintain its status as such, in themeantime it should undergo a protection management programme.

  5. Mining at GACKO opencast mine, Bosnia-Herzegovina. A question of economics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larry Thomas; Steve Frankland [Dargo Associates Ltd., Michaelchurch Escley (United Kingdom)

    2004-07-01

    Gacko opencast mine is situated in the northeast of Bosnia-Herzegovina in the Republic of Srpska. The lignite is of Tertiary Neogene age and is preserved in an elongate NW-SE trending synclinal basin surrounded by limestone of Cretaceous age. The basin is fault bounded, with the northeastern limb of the syncline containing the bulk of the lignite reserves. Mining the lignite has proved difficult in terms of equipment performance and in maintaining quality consistency in the coal product. The lignite is for sole use in the neighbouring 300 MW Gacko Power Plant, and the required annual production is 1.8 Mtpa. Geological complications such as hard cemented overburden and limestone interbeds within the principal coal section have hindered mining and caused extensive wear on equipment. For a number of years financial constraints have meant that the mine has been under capitalised with poor maintenance and few spare parts. In order to re-vitalize the mine and to guarantee supplies of acceptable quality lignite to the power plant for 20 years, the method of mining has been reviewed and a new reserve area targeted for future exploitation. 3 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Factors associated with substance use among Spanish military personnel involved in "Bosnia-Herzegovina".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas Pecino, Cristina; Castellano, Enrique; Trujillo, Humberto

    2017-01-12

    The use of both legal and illegal drugs has rarely been investigated among the Spanish military population involved in multinational military operations. The aim of the current study was to examine the consumption of drugs by Spanish military personnel in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the variables associated with such substance use. A total of 605 military personnel participated in the cross-sectional study. The participants' mean age was 25.9 years (SD = 5.9), and 93.9% of the sample was male. The majority of the participants were enlisted personnel (83.5%). The most widely used drugs were tobacco (54.2%), and alcohol (39.9%). With respect to illegal drugs, the results showed that the drug with the highest prevalence of "use at some point during a lifetime" was cannabis (36.2%), followed by cocaine (14.9%) and amphetamines (12.1%). The most important variable associated with a decrease in the consumption of illegal drugs was social support. Conversely, participants with friends who have used illegal drugs had an increased likelihood of drug consumption. Given that the use of drugs can adversely affect soldiers' performance, preventive measures should be applied in multinational military operations.

  7. Distribution and age-related bioaccumulation of lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), and arsenic (As) in tissues of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and European catfish (Sylurus glanis) from the Buško Blato reservoir (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Has-Schön, Elizabeta; Bogut, Ivan; Vuković, Rosemary; Galović, Dalida; Bogut, Ante; Horvatić, Janja

    2015-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to quantify the bioaccumulation of Pb, Hg, Cd, and As in tissues of carp (Cyprinus carpio) and catfish (Silurus glanis) from Buško Blato in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Arsenic concentrations were below the Maximal Admissible Concentration (MAC) for Croatia and other countries. Mercury concentrations were below 1 mg kg(-1), but in most muscle samples of both species and all catfish liver samples, the values were higher than 0.5 mg kg(-1) (higher than the MAC for many countries including Croatia). Lead concentrations were higher than 1 mg kg(-1) (the MAC for Croatia) in most muscle samples; all kidney and most catfish liver samples also exceeded 1 mg kg(-1). Cadmium concentrations in all tissues, other than the gonads, were higher than 0.1 mg kg(-1) (MAC for Croatia), with the highest concentrations found in the kidneys. The only gender difference was found in carp, where a 68.4% higher concentration of As was found in the fry compared to the milt (P<0.05). Concentrations of all of the elements were higher in catfish compared to carp for most tissues. Significant correlations were found between all of the elements in the muscles and the liver of carp. In catfish, the muscles were the only tissue in which multiple correlations were found. Linear positive correlations with age and body mass were demonstrated for the concentrations of all heavy metals for all tissues except the gonads in both fish species. We concluded that significant heavy metal accumulation in carp and a catfish tissues correlates with age and body mass; bioaccumulation is species- and tissue-specific and is different for each element.

  8. No difference in the intention to engage others in academic transgression among medical students from neighboring countries: a cross-national study on medical students from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Macedonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Đogaš, Varja; Donev, Doncho M.; Kukolja-Taradi, Sunčana; Đogaš, Zoran; Ilakovac, Vesna; Novak, Anita; Jerončić, Ana

    2016-01-01

    Aim To asses if the level of intention to engage others in academic transgressions was comparable among medical students from five schools from neighboring Southern-European countries: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia; and medical students from western EU studying at Split, Croatia. Methods Five medical schools were surveyed in 2011, with ≥87% of the targeted population sampled and a response rate of ≥76%. Students’ intention to engage a family member, friend, colleague, or a stranger in academic transgression was measured using a previously validated the Intention to Engage Others in Academic Transgression (IEOAT) questionnaire and compared with their intention to ask others for a non-academic, material favor. Data on students’ motivation measured by Work Preference Inventory scale, and general data were also collected. Multiple linear regression models of the intention to engage others in a particular behavior were developed. Results The most important determinants of the intention to engage others in academic transgression were psychological factors, such as intention to ask others for a material favor, or students’ motivation (median determinant’s β of 0.18, P ≤ 0.045 for all), whereas social and cultural factors associated with the country of origin were either weak (median β of 0.07, P ≤ 0.031) or not relevant. A significant proportion of students were aware of the ethical violations in academic transgressions (P ≤ 0.004 for all transgressions), but a large proportion of students also perceived academic cheating as a collective effort and were likely to engage people randomly (P ≤ 0.001 for all, but the most severe transgression). This collective effort was more pronounced for academic than non-academic behavior. Conclusion Culture differences among neighboring Southern-European countries were not an important determinant of the intention to engage others in academic cheating. PMID:27586553

  9. Target Bosnia: Integrating Information Activities in Peace Operations. NATO-Led Operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina, December 1995-1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    resettle in Banja - Luka (Republika Srpska). However, such happenstance were rare and almost limited to large cities. In rural areas, minority returns are...in that structure were the three MNDs PI of- fices and press centers (established in Tuzla, Banja Luka , and Sarajevo) as the divisions were likely to...cities across the country: Sarajevo, Tuzla, Banja - Luka , Mrkonjic Grad, and Mostar (struck down by a lightning on 14 September 74 Target Bosnia 1996

  10. Influence of some socio-economic factors on growth and development of the boys in the Tuzla region (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redzić, Amira; Hadzihalilović, Jasminka

    2007-06-01

    The impact of certain exogenous factor (socio-economic, ecological) has been investigated with special attention paid to the parents' living standard, and number of family members on some anthropometric parameters like: body height, body mass, chest circumference, upper leg circumference, upper arm circumference, sitting height, arm length, leg length, pelvis width, shoulders width, lenght of head and with of head on the sample of 698 boys aged 11 to 16 (17) years in the Tuzla region (the northeastern Bosnia, Western Balkan peninsula). Anthropometric measurements have been carried out using methodology proposed by the International Biological program (IBP). The results of these investigations have shown that there is a certain impact of the socio-economic conditions on the growth and development of boys. Children from families that have better living standard are, as a rule, taller, which is indicated by the statistical significant differences (P > 0.01). This trend indicates also value of Body Mass Index (BMI), which is in younger children from the families with lower living standard 16, while in the same category in the children from the families with better living standard it has value 18.5. The real impact of living conditions on the dynamics of development could be the best seen in the period of puberty. The number of children in the family has negative relationship with anthropometric features. Statistically significant differences (P > 0.001) have been detected in numerous analysed features in families with one or two children in comparison with families with three, four, or five children. Therefore, BMI has been significantly lower (16) in children from families with several children, while in the families with one child in the same growth class (11 years) it was significantly higher (17.4). Similar value of BMI (17.9) have children from the families with five children and which are 17 years old. Besides socio-economic conditions, high level of

  11. Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Euro-Atlantic Integrations

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    Nataša Filipović

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research paper is to highlight reasons of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s slow progress on its Euro-Atlantic path, in order to propose a final solution. The importance of this issue is relevant particularly now, because on the one hand, Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted its official application to join the European Union in February 2016, and on the other hand, it has been blocked since April 2010 on its NATO integration path due to the Dayton Peace Agreement Constitution’s paradoxes and historical disagreements. Many authors have previously written about Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Euro-Atlantic Integrations but not many of them published academic works after the Bosnian formal application for the European Union membership, which represents an important step for this post-war country. The main approach used is analytical; which includes academic research and understanding of Bosnian contemporary history as a root of current political, economic and social crisis. Finally, the result is that Bosnia and Herzegovina’s progress is not satisfactory and moreover, the only solution for the future of Euro-Atlantic Integrations is a reform of its current Constitution, but equally a change of the international community’s attitude towards Bosnia and Herzegovina. This paper aims to contribute to further academic research in the field of international relations regarding future integration of the Western Balkans in the Euro-Atlantic bloc.

  12. History Culture and Banal Nationalism in post-War Bosnia

    OpenAIRE

    Torsti, Pilvi

    2004-01-01

    This article analyses post-war history culture in Bosnia and Herzegovina using the concept of banal nationalism. Through a description of Bosnia’s post-war history culture – that part of public culture where people face the past in their daily lives, i.e. books, films, monuments, museums, buildings, pictures, photographs, plays and so forth – the article demonstrates the division of Bosnian history culture into three variants and analyzes the main characteristics of...

  13. Towards the re-introduction of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus) in the West Balkan Countries: the case of Serbia and Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikić, A; Mihailović, V; Ćupina, B; Durić, B; Krstić, D; Vasić, M; Vasiljević, S; Karagić, D; Dorđević, V

    2011-03-01

    Vetchlings (Lathyrus spp.) are widely distributed in both Serbia and Srpska, and represent a valuable component of local floras all over the Balkan Peninsula. Despite this and the existence of a traditional Serbian name for grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.), sastrica, and a pan-Slavic name for all vetchlings, grahor, today they are almost forgotten crops. The joint action of the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops and the Faculty of Agriculture is aimed at re-introducing grass pea and other vetchlings as multifunctional crops. Within the legume collection in the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, a small Lathyrus spp. collection, including about 100 accessions of 16 species, most of them being grass pea, was established in 2002. The landraces of grass pea were collected in several regions of Serbia and Srpska, where they are used for human consumption. Grass pea is commonly used boiled and along with other pulses, with no reports on lathyrism among the local people. The first Serbian breeding programme in Novi Sad produced already two grass pea lines that were registered in November 2009 under the names of Studenica and Sitnica, developed from the crosses of Polish cultivars and local Serbian landraces.

  14. Community-acquired urinary tract infections by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Saric

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and antimicrobial resistance of ESBL-producing strains in the community-acquired urinary tract infections (CAUTIs, which is necessary for antimicrobial therapy selection. From January 2003 to September 2004, 4,112 consecutive, non-duplicate coliform isolates from CAUTIs were analyzed. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing to fifteen antimicrobials was performed by disc-diffusion method. Double-disk synergy test (DDST with amoxicillin-clavulanat, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone and aztreonam, and Etest strips with PM/PML (AB Biodisk was performed according to CLSI recommendation in order to detect the ESBL producers. The overall incidence of ESBL producing strains was 2.6% (108/4112, it was significantly higher in males, 8.4% (79/936 than in females, 0.9% (29/3176. The highest prevalence of ESBL producers was noted in the oldest and youngest age group: 4.8% (52/106 and 2.6% (27/1045, respectively. An increase from 2.2% (52/2402 to 3.3% (56/1710, and a shift of ESBL producers toward the age group 0-6 years (1.6% and 3.8%, respectively in this period was observed. The incidence of ESBL producing strains among isolated Klebsiella spp. were 7.8% (83/1060, E. coli 0.7% (18/2561, Citrobacter spp. 0.6% (1/156, Enterobacter spp. 7.7% (3/39 and Proteus spp. 1.0% ( 3/297. Among ESBL producing isolates Klebsiella spp. predominated, 76.9% (83/108, followed by E. coli 16.7% (18/108. ESBL producing strains showed significantly higher resistance rates to all tested antibiotics as compared to to non-ESBL-producers. The increase and shift toward the youngest age group of the ESBL producer incidences is of our concern. Further studies are required to detect ESBL types in terms of highly different geographical dissemination of these isolates.

  15. Towards educational inclusion in Bosnia-Herzegovina. “Project ethnography” in development anthropology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federica Tarabusi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Over time, the relationship between anthropology and development has been so problematic that today many key issues and open questions remain unresolved in the academic world. Although engaged with post-modernism theoretical legacy, more recently, attention has shifted from these approaches to the work of the development organizations themselves, highlighting the bureaucratic and organizational practices through which their power is exercised. Looking at how international projects actually “work”, the most recent anthropology theories aim to move beyond the negative, critical stance that has been so dominant in the past. Moving from an educational project of decentralized cooperation, this paper hopes to contribute towards demonstrating the importance of “project ethnography” in exploring development policies and practices in post- war Bosnia.

  16. [Travel experiences in Central- and Eastern Europe: Bosnia--the land behind the mirror].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Offerhaus, L

    2000-01-15

    Bosnia-Herzegovina is an artificial state created after four years of gruesome war; it is composed of two countries intertwined like the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. An uneasy truce binds the two halves, the Republika Srpska and the Muslim-Croat Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina together. Under the conditions of the Dayton accord these two have to collaborate and unify their administrative systems under the watching eye of the European Union (EU) and thousands of heavily armed soldiers and policemen. One of these EU-sponsored programmes is the unification of systems of acquisition, registration and distribution of medicines, delegated to the EU reconstruction programme PHARE. Whereas the Serbian half used to buy its drugs from Belgrade, the Muslim-Croatian half was almost fully dependent on international aid. Though some of the local experts have been very helpful, both systems are riddled by corruption and inefficiency and a successful outcome will be little short of a miracle.

  17. Sustainable Mountain Tourism: An Analysis of Bosnia-Herzegovina’s Wine Tourism and its Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hudelson John

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia-Herzegovina (B-H remains one of the most underdeveloped countries on the European Continent [1] yet it holds great potential as a tourist destination for outdoor adventurers, history enthusiasts, and now, wine connoisseurs. The southern part of this merged nation has always been an area of wine production, but the industry has been slow to develop into a net exporter of its wines. The author and many of the industry’s supporters believe that it would be more lucrative to follow in the footsteps of its western neighbor, Croatia, and develop the wine industry through wine tourism. Utilizing historical data, interviews, analysis of governmental statistics, review of the literature and finally a SWOT analysis, this paper suggests changes and expenditures required for Bosnia-Herzegovina to become a successful wine tourism destination. It is hoped that the suggestions made herein will direct further discussions if not actions in that direction.

  18. Diversity of nuclear short tandem repeat loci in representative sample of North-eastern Bosnian and Herzegovina population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadžiavdić Vesna

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Diversity of nuclear microsatellite markers were analyzed in a reference sample of the population of northeast Bosnia and Herzegovina. 437 samples taken from unrelated individuals were processed and three samples of paternity proof were shown. Detection effectiveness profile of the research, points to a valid choice of method of extraction, amplification and genotyping short tandem repeat (STR loci with PowerPlextm16 kit. Genetic analysis of allelic variants of the 15 STR loci PowerPlextm16 kit detected 17 samples determined as rare allelic variants or microvariants. Samples were divided into 15 different allelic variants at 7 different loci, and are: in locus D7S820, D16S539, D3S1358, D18S51, PENTA D, PENTA E and in locus vWA. Genetic analysis of mutations in cases of paternity determined three examples of single-step mutations in the loci FGA, Penta D and D3S1358. Genetic analysis of observed STR loci detected three allelic variant of genotype combination 7/10/11.3 in locus D7S820 Type II. Population genetic analysis of STR loci in a representative sample of the population of northeast Bosnia and Herzegovina included the application of the assessment tests of within-population genetic diversity and interpopulation diversity, as well as genetic differentiation between populations: North-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH and BH general reference, then the Croatian population, Macedonian, Serbian and Slovenian. Based on the result analysis of specific forensic parameters, it can be assumed that the most informative marker is PENTA E for population genetic analysis and forensic testing in the population of northeast Bosnia and Herzegovina. Research results fit regional STR database of this part of Europe.

  19.   Open Source E-learning for Medical Schools in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dørup, Jens; Dahl, Mads Ronald; Simunovic, V.

    2005-01-01

    difficulties and with "brain drainage" of young physicians to more developed countries. Five medical schools, Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzzla, Mostar, and Serb Sarajevo are collaborating in an EU supported Tempus project, Dictum (www.rzuser.uni-heidelberg.de/˜r28/DICTUM/index.php) with the support of EU member...

  20. The Republic of Srpska between Scylla and Charybdis

    OpenAIRE

    Popović Milijan

    2005-01-01

    The Republic of Srpska was created during the civil war in the territory of the former Yugoslav republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992-1995. Within the general framework of the agreement to establich peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (the Dayton Peace Agreement), in Novembar 1995 it was recognized as an entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the Dayton Constitution, by its legal nature The Republic of Srpska was a confederative unit (with some elements of a federal unit) within ...

  1. TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNER STUDENTS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA SPEAKING ANXIETY INVESTIGATION OF DIFFERENT VARIABLES/YABANCI DİL OLARAK TÜRKÇE ÖĞRENEN BOSNA-HERSEKLİ ÖĞRENCİLERİN KONUŞMA KAYGILARININ ÇEŞİTLİ DEĞİŞKENLER AÇISINDAN İNCELENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emrah BOYLU

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study are to examine the Turkish speaking anxieties of the students who are learning Turkish as a foreign language in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to evaluate it in terms of different variables. 63 students participated in this research. The data was collected from “the Speech Anxiety Scale” developed by Melanlıoğlu and Demir (2013 and “Personal Information Forms” conducted to students. Concerning this study, which examines the Turkish speaking anxieties of the students who are learning Turkish as a foreign in Yunus Emre Turkish Cultural Centre Sarajevo with several variables in terms of student learning as a foreign language speaking anxiety, it can be declared that the students feel anxiety up to some extent but the level of this anxiety is not high. According to the survey results, the average scores of the speaking anxiety of the male students are a little more than female students; but there is no significant difference between the sex, age, professions, levels continued, visiting Turkey before, and using the Turkish language out of class of the students’ and the Turkish speaking anxieties. Bu çalışmada, Türkçeyi yabancı dil olarak öğrenen Bosna-Hersekli öğrencilerin konuşma kaygıları belirlenmeye ve çeşitli değişkenler açısından değerlendirmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırmaya 63 öğrenci katılmıştır. Araştırmaya temel teşkil eden veriler, Melanlıoğlu ve Demir (2013 tarafından geliştirilen “Konuşma Kaygısı Ölçeği” ve araştırmacılar tarafından hazırlanan “Kişisel Bilgi Formu” ile toplanmıştır. Saraybosna TKM’de Türkçeyi yabancı dil olarak öğrenen öğrencilerin konuşma kaygılarının çeşitli değişkenler açısından incelendiği bu araştırmada, öğrencilerin Türkçe konuşurken belli bir oranda kaygı duydukları; fakat bu kaygının yüksek olmadığı söylenilebilir. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, erkek öğrencilerin konu

  2. Croatia and Bosnia: the imprints of war--I. Consequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, R

    1999-06-19

    As Serbia and Kosovo emerge from yet another European war, their people's health and the region's health care, scientific research, and medical education have been seriously damaged and disrupted. There are lessons to be learned from recent Balkan wars, lessons that might help doctors, international relief organisations, and governments to do better than they have done elsewhere during the long reconstruction period that will follow this recent savage conflict. An analysis of the medical legacies of war may also raise issues for doctors worldwide to consider as part of their role in a larger public-health community. For a week in May, 1999, I travelled to Croatia and the Croat-Muslim Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina to meet doctors working in peace but next to war. In the first part of this essay, I briefly survey some of the medical consequences of the Croatian and Bosnian conflicts. In the second part, to be published in the June 26 Issue, I consider plans for and limitations to restoration, and try to identify possible opportunities for prevention of the adverse health effects of war in a newly enlarged Europe.

  3. Windcube + FCR test at Hrgud, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagner, Rozenn; Bejdic, Jasmin

    by about 1.5%; but this deviation was fairly independent from the wind direction. This measurement campaign also highlighted a couple of important technical points, such as the importance of well protecting the lidar power supply in order to avoid any damage of the instruments, due to lightning hits...

  4. YURT DIŞINDA YAŞAYAN TÜRK ÇOCUKLARININ ANA DİLİ KULLANIMI VE KÜLTÜR AÇISINDAN KARŞILAŞTIKLARI SORUNLAR: BOSNA HERSEK ÖRNEĞİ / MOTHER LANGUAGE USAGE AND CULTURAL IN TERMS PROBLEMS FACE WITH OF TURKISH CHILDREN LIVING ABROAD: THE CASE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ARSLAN

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, mother language usage of Turkish kids who live in Bosnia and their interactions with their parents, cultural issues and problems of parents about keeping up their culture and language were investigated. Individuals who decided to live in abroad with different reasons have to be related with the culture and language of the place where they have been. It has been known that kids at school age have facing problems not only learning their mother tongue but also country's language. This situation cause problems on children's education and in their cultural identity. A culture of its own does not occur native and non-conscious children. Begin to experience personal problems these individuals where they once lived. It is experiencing this problem today, thousands of Turkish children living abroad. In a content of a qualitative research a survey created to seek the opinions of experts and scan the the related resources. And data collected via face to face meetings with mentioned children's parents. And the collected data was analyzed in excel. In Bosnia there isn't any book and a schedule to aim to teach Turkish language as mother tongue and there isn't any plan about the development of learning mother tongue with activities indoor or outdoor of the school. And also it's observed that they remain foreign to their culture and they are under influence of the culture where they live.

  5. The politics of NGO registration in international protectorates: the cases of Bosnia and Iraq.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolton, Matthew; Jeffrey, Alex

    2008-12-01

    Following international interventions in Bosnia-Herzegovina(1) and Iraq, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have played a central role in delivering humanitarian relief, encouraging participation in new systems of government, and advocating on behalf of marginalised groups. Although intervening agencies have framed such autonomous organisations as unquestionably virtuous, scholars have increasingly questioned the agency of NGOs, pointing to the constraining effects of funding and regulatory mechanisms. This paper contributes to this body of work by offering a detailed examination of legislation requiring NGOs to register with nascent state institutions. Drawing on case study material from Bosnia and Iraq, it argues that NGO registration should not be dismissed as a technical or legal matter, but that it should be embraced as a significant political practice embedded in relations of power. Registration legislation has increased the transparency of NGO funding origins and institutional practices, yet it has simultaneously acted as a barrier to smaller organisations and led to the transmission of international objectives through civil society entities.

  6. LOTUS field demonstration of integrated multi-sensor mine-detection system in Bosnia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schavemaker, J.G.M.; Breejen, E. den; Benoist, K.W.; Schutte, K.; Tettelaar, P.; Bijl, M. de; Fritz, P.J.; Cohen, L.H.; Mark, W. van der; Chignell, R.

    2003-01-01

    The successful demonstration of the LOTUS landmine detection system was discussed. The demonstration of the integrated multi-sensor mine-detection system took place in August 2002 near the village of Vidovice, in the northeast of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The system consisted of a metal detector (MD)

  7. Construir la paz en Bosnia-Herzegovina : Retos, límites y oportunidades de la reabilitación posbélica

    OpenAIRE

    Romeva, Raül

    2002-01-01

    Esta conferencia se basa en las conclusiones de la tesis doctoral que lleva por título: “Rehabilitación posbélica y construcción de la paz. El caso de la ayuda internacional a Bosnia-Herzegovina”, defendida en junio de 2002 en la UAB, y parte de la cual ha servido de base para el libro ¡Dejemos a Bosnia en paz! Lecciones, retos y oportunidades de una posguerra actual (2003, Libros de la Catarata). La ponencia fue presentada en el marco del Seminario Internacional: Compaginando Desarrollo y Se...

  8. Gaining Strength For A New Future: Bosnia And Herzegovina’s Export Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emin Civi

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available International trade is crucial for Bosnia and Herzegovina’s (B&H economic prosperity. In this study guidance to B&H exporters is provided by identifying potential markets and products to focus on when designing future trade strategies. To this end trends in the world trade and trade patterns are examined using various approaches.  First approach to identify the potential markets for the B&H exports called for identifying the countries with highest general demand for Bosnia and Herzegovina’s current export products. The products Bosnia and Herzegovina exports most along with the countries that demand these products the most in the world are identified. The second approach for identifying the potential export markets for B&H products examine the import volumes of other countries in the world. Still a more fruitful approach for the B&H exporters, at least in the short term, is to target the markets with the fastest growth of import volumes (the third approach. In the fourth approach, “untapped trade” and “highly untapped trade” countries that should be targeted by B&H exporters are presented. The fifth approach for identifying the potential export markets for B&H products is based on examining the products whose imports increased fastest in recent years and the countries that imported these products most.  The products/product groups that have the highest potential for B&H export success are also identified. First, most imported products as well as the products/product groups whose exports increased the fastest in recent years are examined. Second, the import volumes ten countries with the highest total imports are examined on a product basis to identify the products they import most as well as the products with the highest growth rate of imports. Third, product categories with “untapped trade potential” and “highly untapped trade potential” along with their respective markets are presented.  Long term sustainable success

  9. Campos de estupro: as mulheres e a guerra na Bósnia Rape camps: women and war in Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Carolina Schvartz Peres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A guerra na Bósnia-Herzegóvina organizou territórios etnicamente e redefiniu as categorias étnico-nacionais - sérvia, croata e bosniac (muçulmana. Enquanto os soldados combatiam nas linhas de frente, inúmeras eram as atrocidades testemunhadas em outros campos de batalha: casas, vilas, cidades, campos de detenção e concentração e os campos de estupro. Faço neste artigo uma revisão da discussão acerca do estupro na guerra na Bósnia, como este pode ser visto como arma de guerra e um instrumento de limpeza étnica e de tentativa de extermínio.The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina ethnically organized territories and redefined the ethno-national categories and groups - Serbs, Croats and Bosnians (Muslims. Beside the battles between soldiers at the front lines, several atrocities used to happen in other fields: homes, villages, cities, detention places, concentration camps, and the rape camps. This article introduces the debate about the rapes that occurred during the war in Bosnia and the ways to understand them: as a war weapon, as an ethnic cleansing tool, as an attempt to extermination.

  10. Twenty years of society of medical informatics of b&h and the journal acta informatica medica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2012-03-01

    In 2012, Health/Medical informatics profession celebrates five jubilees in Bosnia and Herzegovina: a) Thirty five years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data; b) Twenty five years from establishing Society for Medical Informatics BiH; c) Twenty years from establishing scientific and professional journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia and Herzegovina "Acta Informatica Medica"; d) Twenty years from establishing first Cathdra for Medical Informatics on biomedical faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina and e) Ten years from the introduction of "Distance learning" in medical curriculum. All of the five mentioned activities in the area of Medical informatics had special importance and gave appropriate contribution in the development of Health/Medical informatics in Bosnia And Herzegovina.

  11. Organizational Culture of the Bosnian and Herzegovinian Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    standards. Unfortunately, poor communication exists between politicians in Sarajevo (the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Banja Luka (Republic of...strategic leadership the 19 future soldier of Bosnia and Herzegovina from Banja Luka will not feel insecurity in Sarajevo, and his comrade from...Sarajevo will feel equally at home in Banja Luka . Endnotes 1 Europska komisija je odobrila Studiju o izvodljivosti za BiH - 2003-11-18 http

  12. Cooperation after War: International Development in Bosnia, 1995 to 1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric C. Martin

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses how predispositions, incentives, the number and heterogeneity of participants, and leadership (Faerman et al. 2001 jointly influenced the international effort to develop Bosnia and Herzegovina. International coalitions, task forces, and advisory groups are increasingly charged with implementing reforms following civil conflict. This requires a complex web of interorganizational relationships among NGOS, donors and host nations at both global and ‘ground’ levels. To better understand development assistance, attention must be paid to the relationships between these varied players. We find that four factors influenced relationships between policy, donor, and implementing organizations; and those strained relationships, in turn, affected development success. The paper draws on interviews, conducted in Bosnia, with 43 development professionals, observation of development meetings in Tuzla and Sarajevo, and review of related documents from international development programs.

  13. Position paper on screening for breast cancer by the European Society of Breast Imaging (EUSOBI) and 30 national breast radiology bodies from Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Israel, Lithuania, Moldova, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Turkey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sardanelli, Francesco; Aase, Hildegunn S; Álvarez, Marina

    2016-01-01

    EUSOBI and 30 national breast radiology bodies support mammography for population-based screening, demonstrated to reduce breast cancer (BC) mortality and treatment impact. According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the reduction in mortality is 40 % for women aged 50-69 years...

  14. The Pace of Peace on the Viability of Bosnia and Herzegovina Twelve Years after Dayton

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    the Bosnia’s postwar politics. The key veto players are the RS parties, which have been suspicious of most reform efforts for undermining the...dismissal of police officers) as evidence of the ineffectiveness of veto players . The government has the power to govern in principle, but its ability

  15. Language Politics in Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Language and the Internet (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), 216. 103 Paul Bartlett , “Kazakhstan: Moving Forward with Plan to Replace Cyrillic...Times, April 2, 2009, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/02/business/global/02eurotrade.html (accessed January 28, 2010). 151 Neil MacDonald, “Corruption

  16. A new Pseudoscorpion from Bosnia: Roncus bosniensis n. sp. (Neobisiidae, Pseudoscorpiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćurčić B.P.M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of troglobitic false scorpion, Roncus bosniensis n. sp. (Neobisiidae, Pseudoscorpiones, is described from inside an underground habitat, the Jama Pored Puta Pit, nr. Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The analyzed pseudoscorpion proves to differ from all other congeners, but is closest to R. hajnehaj Ćurčić & Dimitrijević. It is possible that the subterranean pseudoscorpion analyzed represents a relict of an old tropical faunal pattern of the Mediterranean. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173038

  17. War in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegowina, and Kosovo, and PCBs hazards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Picer, M.; Kovac, T.; Picer, N.; Calic, V. [Rudjer Boskovic Inst., Zagreb (Croatia); Miosic, N. [Geological Survey, Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Kodba, Z.C. [Maribor Environmental Protection Inst., Maribor (Slovenia); Rugova, A. [Pristina Univ., Pristina (Serbia)

    2005-07-01

    Recent warfare in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegowina, and Kosovo has increased hazardous waste levels in the involved regions. Data on contaminant levels from water and soil samples collected before 1995 did not demonstrate significant levels of contamination. This paper provided the results of a study which showed that significant levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) exist in many of the areas worst affected by the war. During the study, soil and sediment samples were extracted with n-hexane. Fish extracts were extracted using a high revolution blender. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were then separated from organochlorine insecticides on a silica gel column. Electron capture detection gas chromatography (ECD-GC) was used to quantify the POPs. Results showed that levels of PCBs in soil samples from Bosnia and Herzegowina sampled during 2003 showed significantly high levels of total PCBs. Levels of contamination exceeded tolerance levels accepted in Netherlands. Fish samples did not demonstrate high levels of contaminants. Sediment samples from Bosnian rivers showed significant levels of PCBs. It was concluded that levels of PCBs in Bosnia and Herzegowina in 2003 were lower than levels observed in fish sampled in Dalmatia and Croatia. 5 refs., 1 tab., 3 figs.

  18. Health Effects of Sexual Violence against Woman as a War Weapon: Case of Bosnia War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel Gogen;

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women, a public health and human rights problem, evaluated by the case of Bosnia War. METHODS: Bosnia War, United Nations resolutions, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY cases, activities of NGOs, approaches of WHO, Dayton Peace Agreement, current health programs were evaluated with the health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women. RESULTS: Sexual violence against women and systematic rapes were used as an “ethnic cleaning” tool and war weapon during Bosnia War, estimated 20.000-60.000 women and girls were raped systematically, captivated in rape camps, exposed to sexual violence. Medical care following the sexual violence against women and rape should include; Determination and teatment of injuries, forensic notice and documentation, preventive and curative services for Sexually Transmitted Diseases including HIV/AIDS, emergency contraceptive services, safe medical abortus, follow up of pregnancies, psychosocial support and services and training of health care professionals. Mental Health Reform became a priority health topic for Bosnia Herzegovina aftermath of the Bosnia War. Taking measures to prevent social stigmatism of the victims, economic support and implementation of rehabilitation programs, punishment of the perpetrators to repair social and community bonds are important. ICTY investigates and punishes the crimes of rapes and sexual violence against women. CONCLUSION: UN defines the violence against women and rapes during wars as “crime against humanity”. Besides improving the status of women, comprehensive approaches with the cooperation of medical, legal and social organisations are needed. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(1.000: 119-126

  19. Power Politics and the Rule of Law in Post-Dayton Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Donais

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the past two decades, therule of law has emerged as a key priority within contemporary peacebuildingefforts. Drawing on examples from post-Dayton Bosnia, this article examines theimpact of rule of law reform efforts on broader patterns of power and politicalauthority in peacebuilding contexts. It suggests that in the case of Bosnia,the use of rule of law strategies to restructure political life has largelyfailed. Thus, despite some notable achievements on the rule of law front, thecore dynamics of Bosnia’s political conflict remain intact, and country’s peaceprocess is as fragile as ever. The article concludes by noting that charting acourse between accepting the political status quo and fundamentallytransforming it requires more nuanced approaches that advance the rule of laweven while accepting its limits as an instrument of deep politicaltransformation.

  20. NATO Enlargement: Albania, Croatia, and Possible Future Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-14

    several months in 1997 after the failure of financial pyramid schemes. Since 1991, both the DPA and the other chief Albanian party, the Socialist...forces participated in SFOR, the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Bosnia , and are part of the current EU force there. Albania has deployed a company...role in Bosnia and Herzegovina, encouraging ethnic Croats there to work within the Bosnian political system rather than seek intervention by Croatia

  1. Carrier Aviation and Hybrid Conflict: The Future of the Strike Fighter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    additional 182 strike missions over Bosnia -Herzegovina.9 Operation DESERT FOX added another eighty-eight strike missions for the F/ A-18. 10 The following...threat to U.S. aircraft in Bosnia and Kosovo. The trend of SAM proliferation will continue in future combat operations with enemy air defenses as...important but "the fighter guys were at the . . . very tip of the pyramid .ඃ .Th~ blockbuster h:it of Top Gun solidified this culture, and the

  2. Gas content of some thermal and thermal-mineral waters in Bosnia and Herzogovinia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Derkovic, B. (Geoinzenjering, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia)

    Studies were made of the gas content of thermal waters from nine wells in Bosnia and Herzogovinia. The wells are located at Kulasi, Olovo, Laktasi, Fojnica, Slatina, Gornji, Ilidza near Sarajevo, and Ilidza near Banja Luka. All the waters were characterized by nitrogen and originate at fairly shallow depths. The gas contents of the waters, in terms of C, CO/sub 2/, O/sub 2/, N/sub 2/, H/sub 2/S, He, Ne, As, Kr, and Xe are reported. Due to their ease of recovery, these waters are extensively used in balneological applications.

  3. Job Performance, Job Satisfaction and Human Capital in the Labour Market in Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Ilgün

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the effect of job performance, job satisfaction and humancapital. It shows that together with monetary factors, such factors as theperception of the social importance of the job, the ability to meet good friendsin the team, and the atmosphere within which the respondents work, may alsohave a high level of impact on labour supply through human capital. The paperdemonstrates the power of non-monetary factors in achieving improvementsin the context of the ‘job performance-job satisfaction-human capital’ chain,thus bringing about positive changes in labour market supply in Bosnia.

  4. Linking Advertising, Materialism, and Life Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirgy, M. Joseph; Gurel-Atay, Eda; Webb, Dave; Cicic, Muris; Husic, Melika; Ekici, Ahmet; Herrmann, Andreas; Hegazy, Ibrahim; Lee, Dong-Jin; Johar, J. S.

    2012-01-01

    This paper develops theory related to advertising, materialism, and life satisfaction by formally testing explanations related to the antecedents and consequences of materialism. Survey data were collected from seven major cities each in a different country (Australia, Bosnia/Herzegovina, Germany, Egypt, Korea, Turkey, and the USA) using a…

  5. Justice, Accountability and Social Reconstruction: An Interview Study of Bosnian Judges and Prosecutors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlson, Kerstin Bree; Fletcher, Laurel; Weinstein, Harvey

    2000-01-01

    This study of judges and prosecutors in Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter "BiH") is the first report in a multi-year study undertaken by the University of California, Berkeley, Human Rights Center regarding the relationship between justice, accountability and reconstruction in the former...

  6. Terminating Peace: Military Flexibility During Bosnian Reconstruction and Stabilization Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    against Bosnian-Serb positions in Republika Srpska (RS) and around Sarajevo in late August, established a reality of territorial control that...Republic of B-H into two “Entities,” the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian and Croat), and the Republika Srpska (Serb) (RS), preserving

  7. "It Is Like Putting Fire in the Children's Hands": A Comparative Case Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Knowledge of and Beliefs about Education for Democracy in an Established and Emerging Post-Conflict Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanahan, Brian K.; Phillips, Michele S.

    2014-01-01

    This report documents and compares two cases of pre-service elementary teachers' beliefs about democracy and education for democracy in the USA and Bosnia and Herzegovina along with contextual factors influencing the similarities and differences among these beliefs. Findings suggest that US pre-service elementary teachers have a self-proclaimed…

  8. The overview of the status and prospective of internally displaced persons on the territory of the former Yugoslavia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakić Danilo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the overview of the status and the prospective for the future of internally displaced persons in Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Macedonia is done. The Group 484 is an NGO, which have been supporting refugees since 1995 and internally displaced persons from Kosovo since 1999.

  9. Bosnian and Herzegovinian medical scientists in PubMed database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2013-01-01

    In this paper it is shortly presented PubMed as one of the most important on-line databases of the scientific biomedical literature. Also, the author has analyzed the most cited authors, professors of the medical faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina, from the published papers in the biomedical journals abstracted and indexed in PubMed.

  10. Dearth of Early Education Experience: A Significant Barrier to Educational and Social Inclusion in the Western Balkans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milovanovic, Suncica Macura; Kokic, Ivana Batarelo; Kristiansen, Selma Džemidžic; Gera, Ibolya; Ikonomi, Estevan; Kafedžic, Lejla; Milic, Tamara; Rexhaj, Xhavit; Spasovski, Ognen; Closs, Alison

    2014-01-01

    The article summarises the socio-political, cultural, economic and educational background to the Western Balkans region and outlines the wider qualitative research study that provided the data on early and pre-school educational opportunities in the seven countries involved; Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo (under United Nations…

  11. Larval description of Drusus bosnicus Klapálek 1899 (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae), with distributional, molecular and ecological features

    Science.gov (United States)

    KUČINIĆ, MLADEN; PREVIŠIĆ, ANA; GRAF, WOLFRAM; MIHOCI, IVA; ŠOUFEK, MARIN; STANIĆ-KOŠTROMAN, SVJETLANA; LELO, SUVAD; VITECEK, SIMON; WARINGER, JOHANN

    2016-01-01

    In this study we present morphological, molecular and ecological features of the last instar larvae of Drusus bosnicus with data about distribution of this species in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We also included are the most important diagnostic features enabling separation of larvae of D. bosnicus from larvae of the other European Drusinae and Trichoptera species. PMID:26249056

  12. Bora and Koshava challenge wind power system manufacturers; Bora und Koshava fordern Anlagenhersteller heraus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winkelmeier, Hans

    2009-03-20

    The European Union supports the still tentative cooperation between the former states of Yugoslavia. In the context of a wind power research project, three unusual sites are investigated in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia. If the investigations are successful, big wind farms will be constructed in these sites. (orig.)

  13. Show me Yours and I'll Show you Mine : Sharing Borrower Information in a Competitive Credit Market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Haas, R.T.A.; Bos, J.; Millone, Matteo

    2015-01-01

    We exploit detailed data on approved and rejected small business loans to assess the impact of the introduction of a credit registry in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Our findings are threefold. First, mandatory information sharing tightens lending at the extensive margin as more applications are rejected,

  14. 75 FR 77561 - Regulations Issued Under the Export Grape and Plum Act; Revision to the Minimum Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... following countries: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Herzegovina, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein,...

  15. Past and modern times: Sephardic women from Bosnia in two Judeo-Spanish works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katja Šmid

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The author of this article presents and compares two Judeo-Spanish works: a compendium of religious laws dedicated to Sephardic women Sefer Damesec Eli‘ezer: Yore de‘a (Jerusalem, 1884 written in Hebrew script by Rabbi Eli‘ezer Papo (Sarajevo, ? – Jerusalen, 1898, and an essay on the role of women in the Jewish life-cycle La mužer sefardi de Bosna (Sarajevo, 1932 written in Latin script by the Sephardic writer Laura Papo (Sarajevo, 1891-1942. On the one hand, the author points out the characteristics of both works and outlines a preliminary study on the use of the verbal tenses with regard to the didactic purpose which these books have. On the other hand, the author of the article contextualizes the writers in their period, referring to the historical time reflected in their works. The time depicted in their works is partially the same and partially different, which permits us to have a broad picture about Sephardic society in Bosnia from two Judeo-Spanish sources. The emphasis is on the changes experienced in the life of Sephardic women in the transition from the late 19th century traditional society when Bosnia was still part of the Ottoman Empire – represented by Rabbi Eli‘ezer Papo – to early 20th century modern times, when it was already a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a period vividly described and represented by the writer Laura Papo.

  16. How Effective Was Civil Affairs in Bosnia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-13

    of the “Roman empire, then Charlemagne , then the Ottomans, the Austro-Hungarians, and finally the Slavs ruled it politically. The faiths of the...day Europe including Bosnia. Around this time, the Byzantine Empire rose to prominence. Byzantine Emperor Justinian conquered the geographic area...the name Bosnia. The Byzantine Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus discussed the lands that had been bestowed upon a Serbian Prince, using that name

  17. When Corruption Gets in the Way: Befriending Diaspora and EU-nionizing Bosnia's Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabic-El-Rayess, Amra

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the encounter of EU-unionization with a domesticated practice of corruption in Bosnian higher education. Relying on primary data collected in Bosnia's public higher education system, the study finds that the country's corrupt higher education is in conflict with the Bologna-themed reforms that would arguably help…

  18. COMPARISON OF MOLECULAR AND GENETIC PROPERTIES OF PINE (Pinus sylvestris L.) SEED PLANTATIONS IN BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Ballian, D.; Konnert, M.; Bogunić, F.

    2006-01-01

    The paper analyses the genetic structure of the pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) clones in the multiclone seed plantations of Kozji Grm (KG) and Šamin Gaj (ŠG). The clones in both seed plantations originate from natural populations of common pine in Bosnia and Hercegovina; KG (40 clones): Gornji Janj – 10 clones, Klekovača 7, Kaljina Bioštica 16, Romanija Glasinac 6, Igman 1, while the ŠG plantation contains 20 clones from one population (Igman). The genetic structure was analysed using 9 enzyme sy...

  19. 31 CFR 585.218 - Trade in United Nations Protected Areas of Croatia and those areas of the Republic of Bosnia and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trade in United Nations Protected... HERZEGOVINA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 585.218 Trade in United Nations Protected Areas of Croatia... importation from, exportation to, or transshipment of goods through the United Nations Protected Areas in...

  20. The use of forensic botany and geology in war crimes investigations in NE Bosnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, A G

    2006-11-22

    From 1997 to 2002 the United Nations International Criminal Tribune for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) undertook the exhumation of mass graves in NE Bosnia as part of the war crimes investigations aimed at providing evidence for the prosecution of war criminals in The Hague. This involved the location and exhumation of seven former mass graves (primary sites) dug following the fall of Srebrenica in July 1995. These primary mass graves were secretly and hurriedly exhumed three months later and most of the bodies or body parts transported and reburied in a large number of secondary sites many of which were subsequently exhumed by ICTY. The aim of the pollen and soil/sediment studies was to provide an 'environmental profile' of the original site of the samples and use this to match the relocated bodies to the original mass graves. This was part of completing the chain of evidence, providing evidence of the scale and organization of the original atrocities and the subsequent attempts to conceal the evidence related to them. All the primary sites were located in areas of contrasting geology, soils and vegetation, and this allowed matching of the sediment transported in intimate contact with the bodies to the original burial sites, which in some cases were also the execution sites. In all, over 24 sites were investigated, over 240 samples collected and analyzed under low power microscopy and 65 pollen sub-samples fully analyzed. The pollen and sediment descriptions were used in conjunction with the mineralogy (using XRD) of primary and secondary sites in order to provide matches. These matches were then compared with matching evidence from ballistic studies and clothing. The evidence has been used in court and is now in the public domain. It is believed this is the first time 'environmental profiling' techniques have been used in a systematic manner in a war crimes investigation.

  1. Medical informatics between technology, philosophy and science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2004-01-01

    Medical (health) informatics occupies the central place in all the segments of modern medicine in the past thirty years--in practical work, education and scientific research. In all that, computers have taken over the most important role and are used intensively for the development of the health information systems. Following activities develop within the area of health informatics: health-documentation, health-statistics, health-informatics and biomedical scientific and professional information. The medical informatics as the separate medical discipline very quickly gets developed, both in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In our country, the medical informatics is a separate subject for the last ten years, regarding to the Medical curriculum at the biomedical faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina is in accordance with the project of the education related to Bologna declaration and the project EURO MEDICINA.

  2. 5th Regional Study on Cadastre and Spatial Data Infrastructure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivica Skender

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the aftermath of the 5th Regional Conference on Cadastre and Spatial Data Infrastructure (Banja Luka and Laktaši, Bosnia and Herzegovina, June 6–8, 2012, the Republic Authority for Geodetic and Property Affairs of the Republic of Srpska and the Federal Administration for Geodetic and Real Property Affairs published the 5th Regional Study on Cadastre and Spatial Data Infrastructure. The study was produced in the frame of the Project INSPIRATION – Spatial Data Infrastructure in the Western Balkans, which is being realized for the benefit and with cooperation of representatives of eight geodetic administrations in the region (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Serbia by consortium led by German company GFA of Hamburg, in cooperation with GDi GISDATA of Zagreb, experts from the Austrian Environmental Agency and German company con terra GmbH and financed from the European Union IPA funding programme for 2010.

  3. Unity and Disintegration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Serbia and Montenegro had been linked since 1918, when Serbians, Croatians and Slovenians formed a kingdom after the end of World WarⅠ. When the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was born in 1929, Serbia and Montenegro were part of it. The Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was founded in 1945, after the victory against Fascists during World WarⅡ, and comprised the six constituent republics of Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia and Montenegro. In 1963, the country was renamed the Socialist...

  4. Solidarity and Community Spirit during Evil Times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SIMONA-GRAZIA DIMA,

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The article aims both at identifying the various facets under which human solidarity manifested itself during the War of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1992-1995 and at highlighting the growing awareness of the community spirit in the same period of time, resulting in a part of the population being saved and in many spiritual and material values being preserved. The analysis is based on genuine interviews given by subjects involved in the events, all of which being collected in the volume Good People in an Evil Time by Dr. Svetlana Broz, a journalist, social activist and cardiologist (now president of the Bosnia-Herzegovina branch of GARIWO International. This book has been a best seller, and has been translated in many languages and presented over many tours in about 50 universities in the USA.

  5. EXCISE TAX AS EXTERNAL VARIABLE (ON TABACCO PRODUCTS AT STATE AND LOCAL COMMUNITIES IN BIH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinko Primorac

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this paper is themovement and accounting for excise tax as aseparate subsystem of sales tax, with an emphasison tobacco products. Since the excise tax ontobacco products is a specific category of excisableproducts, it is possible to fully distance it fromother products. Unlike other excise goods, excisetaxes on tobacco products can not be distinguishedby the criterion of luxury and by the criterion ofharm to health. This paper explains the reasons,effects and the basic characteristics of excise taxes,and full adjustment of the special tax. The aim ofthe research paper is to present and analyze thesystem of excise tax revenue in Bosnia andHerzegovina, with special reference to the excisetax on tobacco products. Furthermore the aim is toexplore how the excise tax system in Bosnia andHerzegovina functions and how the funds fromexcise taxes are collected, and where exactly theyare expended.

  6. The economic crisis and the insurance industry: The evidence from the ex-Yugoslavia region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Njegomir Vladimir

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the impact of the economic crisis on the insurance industries of the ex-Yugoslavia region. The analysis encompasses five countries: Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and FYR Macedonia. We examine insurance industry specifics separately for each country for the period 2004-2008 and for the first six months of 2009. While the impact of the crisis varies between countries, the research results indicate that the global financial crisis has had limited overall impact on the regional insurance industry. However the current recession resulted in negative premium growth in Serbia, Croatia and FYR Macedonia while the growth in Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina declined. At the same time investment returns have declined and claims have risen in all countries. The crisis had more pronounced impact on non-life insurance premium growth in less developed insurance markets. In developed markets, namely Slovenia and Croatia, the crisis had greater impact on life insurance premium growth.

  7. Identification and ecological aspects of large-scale brownfields in the Republic of Srpska

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bijelić Branislav

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Large-scale brownfield sites are the most apparent brownfield category in the Republic of Srpska, and they are the most valuable asset when it comes to explaining this spatial phenomenon. Transition and armed conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina have caused, among other things, brownfield formation; a decline in industrial employment alongside a reduction in the size of the armed forced have further increased the number and total area of brownfields in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpska. Their ecological characteristics, as in other transitional countries, are largely responsible for the definition of brownfields, but they are not the most significant barrier to the revitalization of largescale brownfield sites. The present paper will provide the methodology of large-scale brownfield identification as well as an accompanying distribution map of these sites in the Republic of Srpska.

  8. Air Base Attacks and Defensive Counters: Historical Lessons and Future Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    V. S. Jagan Mohan and Samir Chopra, Eagles over Bangladesh : The Indian Air Force in the 1971 Liberation War, Noida, India: HarperCollins Publishers...Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Serbia, Argentina, Chile, Cuba, Peru, Ethiopia, Djibouti, South Africa, Bangladesh , India, and...aircraft storage and servicing facility” in Kosovo during OAF in 1999.145 The feasibility of such attacks varies with local geology and entrance

  9. Effects of different production systems on carcass and meat quality of sheep and lamb from Western Balkan and Norway

    OpenAIRE

    Bjelanovic, Milena; Grabez, Vladana; Vucic, Goran; Martinovic, Aleksandra; Lima, Lene Ruud; Markovic, Bozidarka; Egelandsdal, Bjørg

    2015-01-01

    The identification of meat quality characteristics from selected breeds grazing in specific regions is particularly relevant to achieve a marketing advantage. Longisimus thoracis at lumborum (LTL) from the indigenous Western Balkan (WB) sheep - VlašićkaPramenka (VP) sheep and lambs, and Pivska Pramenka (PP) sheep grazing in Bosnia & Herzegovina (B&H) and Montenegro (MN), respectively, was compared regarding carcass and meat qualities to the crossbred Norweg...

  10. Legal, Social and Psycho-Medical Effects of Abortion

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    This work deals with the relationship between induced abortion and mental health with a special focus on the area of political controversy.  This article explores the historical background of the abortion and its legislative implications in Europe with special reference to Bosnia and Herzegovina. This work is based on etnographich, analitical and historical aproaches. It explains abortion in medical terms and analyzes the psychological effects of the abortion. This is a significant and challa...

  11. Analysis of the agricultural and rural development policies of the Western Balkan countries

    OpenAIRE

    BAJRAMOVIĆ Sabahudin; Bogdanov, Natalija; BUTKOVIĆ Jakub; DIMITROVSKI Dragi; Erjavec, Emil; GJECI Grigor; GJOKAJ Ekrem; HOXHA Bekim; STOMENKOVSKA Ivana Janeska; KONJEVIĆ Darko; KOTEVSKA Ana; MARTINOVIĆ Aleksandra; MIFTARI Iliriana; Nacka, Marina; OGNJENOVIĆ Dragana

    2016-01-01

    This report was prepared by a team of academic experts from Western Balkan (WB) countries coordinated by the Regional Rural Development Standing Working Group (SWG) in South-East Europe. The study targets EU candidate and potential candidate countries from the Western Balkan region (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo*). The main objectives of the study is the monitoring and evaluation of agricultural policies in the period 2012-2014 and assessment of the...

  12. DEVELOPMENT OF FINE MOTOR COORDINATION AND VISUAL-MOTOR INTEGRATION IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

    OpenAIRE

    Haris MEMISEVIC; Selmir HADZIC

    2013-01-01

    Fine motor skills are prerequisite for many everyday activities and they are a good predictor of a child's later academic outcome. The goal of the present study was to assess the effects of age on the development of fine motor coordination and visual-motor integration in preschool children. The sample for this study consisted of 276 preschool children from Canton Sara­jevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. We assessed children's motor skills with Beery Visual Motor Integration Test and Lafayette Pegbo...

  13. How to search, write, prepare and publish the scientific papers in the biomedical journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2011-06-01

    This article describes the methodology of preparation, writing and publishing scientific papers in biomedical journals. given is a concise overview of the concept and structure of the System of biomedical scientific and technical information and the way of biomedical literature retreival from worldwide biomedical databases. Described are the scientific and professional medical journals that are currently published in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Also, given is the comparative review on the number and structure of papers published in indexed journals in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which are listed in the Medline database. Analyzed are three B&H journals indexed in MEDLINE database: Medical Archives (Medicinski Arhiv), Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences and Medical Gazette (Medicinki Glasnik) in 2010. The largest number of original papers was published in the Medical Archives. There is a statistically significant difference in the number of papers published by local authors in relation to international journals in favor of the Medical Archives. True, the Journal Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences does not categorize the articles and we could not make comparisons. Journal Medical Archives and Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences by percentage published the largest number of articles by authors from Sarajevo and Tuzla, the two oldest and largest university medical centers in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The author believes that it is necessary to make qualitative changes in the reception and reviewing of papers for publication in biomedical journals published in Bosnia and Herzegovina which should be the responsibility of the separate scientific authority/ committee composed of experts in the field of medicine at the state level.

  14. Security Cooperation: Contributions Toward National and Regional Stability in the Balkans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    existence. The Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes included the former kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro (including Serbian-held Macedonia ...which cut across traditional boundaries of the different ethnic regions.48 Yugoslavia was occupied by the Germans during World War II. Socialist...by a federation of six nominally equal republics: Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia . In Serbia the two

  15. Evaluation of DoD Contracts Regarding Combating Trafficking in Persons: U.S. European Command and U.S. Africa Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    address its concern regarding allegations of contractor and U.S. Forces’ involvement in sexual slavery , human trafficking, and debt bondage. Prior to...2000, allegations of sexual slavery , sex with minors, and human trafficking involving U.S. contractors in Bosnia and Herzegovina led to administrative...trafficking in persons [CTIP], a contemporary manifestation of slavery whose victims are predominantly women and children, to ensure just and effective

  16. U.N. Peacekeeping in Yugoslavia: Background, Analysis, and Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-04

    headquarters in Sarajevo, sub-offices in Belgrade and Zagreb, and a logistics-base in Banja Luka (a town of Bosnia-Herzegovina). Fifth and perhaps most...Canadian battalion, which has arrived in Daruvar in Sector West, have not been able to carry out any reconnaissance in the Banja Luka area, as the Bosnian...training missions out of the Bosnian Serbs’ main air force base at Banja Luka northwest of Sarajevo. There are also unconfirmed intelligence reports that

  17. The Infusion of Language, Regional, and Cultural Content into Military Education: Status Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Iran, Iraq Balkans Albania, Bosnia , Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia...studies, the culture-general framework, and issues/interests (e.g., drug trafficking in Latin America, ecological destruction in Africa). In this...mission understanding impact and consequences of actions Source: Michael Lewis, “Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills,” The NCO Journal : A Monthly Forum for

  18. Human rights v. democracy : The Strasbourg Court and the challenge of power sharing

    OpenAIRE

    Graziadei, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: Tension between rights and democracy principle in highly political cases ECtHRs wide margin of appreciation on elections put into question by recent cases Sejdic-Finci v Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH): ethnic criteria for standing in election violate Convention Zornic v BiH: candidates exclusion from standing in election on account of her self-chosen identity violates P-12 Mathieu-Mohin and Clerfayt v Belgium overruled? Integrative democratic tolerance approach: five legal and political p...

  19. Satisfaction of the employed in food businesses and success of food safety management system implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pero Pavlovic

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Efficiency of food safety management system application, such as HACCP system, depends on personnel employed in a company (salary, social status, job stability, superiors’ relation toward workers and relationship among workers themselves, knowledge background, etc. Results presented in this paper are the results of surveys conducted in food businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A special part of the research is related to employees’ social status and employees’ opinion of their status in a company.

  20. No-fly Zones and China' s Diplomatic Dilemma%No-fly Zones and China' s Diplomatic Dilemma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Guangcheng

    2012-01-01

    The no-fly zone first appeared in August 1992. After being employed in Iraq, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Libya, it has become a model of United Nations-mandated humanitarian intervention. However, we can see that this kind of intervention under the "humanitarian" banner was not for humanitarian purposes but rather used to force regime change under the authority of the United Nations. Indeed, these no-fly zones,

  1. Acta informatica medica is indexed in pubmed and archived in pubmed central.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2013-03-01

    Acta Informatica Medica journal has been accepted for archiving in PubMed Central from 2011 onward. The journal started in 1993 as the official journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. During the last 3 years, Acta Informatica Medica has een included in almost all prestigious online databases, including PubMed, Scopus and EMBASE. The 20th volume of the journal is fully international, with papers from 18 countries.

  2. Is There a Specific Ambivalence of the Sacred? Illustrations from the Apparition of Medjugorie and the Movement of Sant’Egidio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Franco, Chiara; Barbato, Mariano; LeNormand, Brigitte

    2012-01-01

    In the debate about the return of religion in politics, religious actors and discourses are viewed with a certain concern. Whereas some defend the peaceful effects of religion, most contributions understand religious truth claims as a challenge to democratic pluralism that presents a tendency tow...... make strong religious truth claims contributing to peace-building and reconciliation during conflicts where religion was an important dimension: the apparitions of Medjugorje in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the movement of Sant'Egidio in Algeria....

  3. "Between the Earth and the Skies" The Challenges to Catholic Institution-Building in Pennsylvania’s Croatian Communities, 1894-1924.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-05-01

    of the Byzantine Emperor , they ranged west of the Drina River, consolidating their control over most of present-day Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina...by 852.1 Although nominally under the rule of first Byzantium and then Charlemagne , by 880 the Croatians had organized their first state, one that...military power had been broken, in 1527 the Saboroffered the Croatian crown to Austria in exchange for military assistance.8 The Habsburg emperor accepted

  4. Intertemporal Substitution and Labour Supply of Bosnian SME’s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada Šabić-Lipovača

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Our paper aims at testing the intertemporal substitution hypothesis (ISH for small and medium enterprises (SMEs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The hypothesis predicts a positive relationship between the hours worked and the transitory changes in wages. We tested the hypothesis using the data on the daily income and worked hours collected via the survey questionnaire among small entrepreneurs in North-Western Bosnia and Herzegovina. The estimated wage elasticities turned out to be positive and different from zero, according to which it appears that the hypothesis of negative wage elasticities was not backed up by the empirical evidence. Our findings imply that the intertemporal labour substitution hypothesis found evidence and that we can reject the daily targeting hypothesis. We also argue that Bosnian entrepreneurs tend to pursue profits across working days because their main motive for running a business is the accumulation of capital and wealth, so that they follow the pattern of intertemporal labour substitution. The findings can be explained by an unfavourable business climate in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is a result of a long-lasting transition process the country is still undergoing.

  5. When Corruption Gets in the Way: Befriending Diaspora and EU-nionizing Bosnia's Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabic-El-Rayess, Amra

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the encounter of EU-unionization with a domesticated practice of corruption in Bosnian higher education. Relying on primary data collected in Bosnia's public higher education system, the study finds that the country's corrupt higher education is in conflict with the Bologna-themed reforms that would arguably…

  6. SHORT STORIES IN THE BALKANS AND CONTEMPORARYSHORT STORIES IN THE WORLD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa Softic - Gasal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A comparative analysis of selected short stories in the Balkan countries, as well as contemporary short stories of the world, will show us that the key themes of those stories are very similar to the short stories written during the period of transition in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995-2010. For example, the story of the Soul Operation by an Iranian writer Mohsen Mahmalbafa, The Falcons by a Dutch writer Kader Abdolaha and On the Kitchen Stairs by a Polish writer Witold Gombrowic zinter connect with short stories by authors from Bosnia and Herzegovina, such as The Secret of Raspberry jam by Karim Zaimović or The Devilish work of Zoran Riđanović. A common thread manifests itself in the aforementioned stories, more specifically, a common theme which focuses on the need for eradication of the seeds of submission and compliance with the political system. Most authors focus on their domestic political systems; however, some portray and analyze systems in other countries as they see it, such as a Dutch narrator who focuses on a potential threat of infringement of human freedom. Moreover, Bellow Hubei by an Argentinian writer Anhelika Gorodis her underlines the importance of humanization within a political order. Faruk Šehić examines the political system in Bosnia and Herzegovina from a slightly different perspective. His collection of stories Under Pressure emphases the issue of pressure in the above war model of short stories in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These stories are the product of pressure and anxiety, with intent to latently promote new ways of spiritual survival, directly relating to the concept and the theme of the story The Past Age Man by Christian Karlson Stead. Further analysis of the alienation theme singled out short stories in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Plants are Something Else by Alma Lazarevska and Dialogues by Lamija Begagić, and pointed out their connection with some recent international short stories such as The Last Defence by

  7. Lower Eocene on Majevica north of Tuzla (NE Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jernej Pavšič

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available In Lower Eocene marlstones on Mt. Majevica in northeastern Bosnia species Nummulites atacicus and N. robustus were determined, the latter first found on the Balkan Peninsula.In the beds occur next to Paleogene many redeposited Cretaceous nannoplankton species, an indication of the exposure of Cretaceous beds in Lower Eocene in the investigated area.

  8. GEOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF THE MINERALIZATION FROM THE GORNJI VAKUF AREA, BOSNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Jurović

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Gornji Vakuf area, which is built up of Palaeozoic sediments and metarhyolites, the authors investigated 47 ore occurrences by geological and different geochemical methods. They distinguish; (a alluvial, diluvial and fluvio-glacial placers; (b epigenetic hydrothermal barite-sideritc-tetrahedrite veins located in the Silurian-Devonian schist complex and Upper Permian, and almost monomineralic barite (± tetrahedri-te veins, breccias and bodies in the Middle Devonian carbonate complex; (c post-kinematic monomineralic metamorpho-genic quartz deposits interlaying the schists. The hydrothermal deposits have common characteristics as follows: location exclusively in Palaeozoic strata, epigenetic character; simple, monotonous paragencsis (barite ± siderite as main nonmetallic minerals and Hg-tetrahedrite as preponderant ore mineral; siderite characterized by high CaO, MgO and low MnO content; all tetrahedrites are Hg, Ag, Au, Hi-bearing; barite with average content of 2.9 wt% of SrS04. The stable isotope study revealed:  34S= + 15.0‰ in barites, -10.1‰ in tetrahedrites,  18O = -9.6‰ and  l3C = -3.7‰ in siderites. The microthermometric measurements gave: Th=+200 ºC. in barites. The very close similarity of all above mentioned results with those found in the minerals of the Kreševo area deposits, urged the authors to assign also the Gornji Vakuf area deposits to the post-Variscan tectonic event.

  9. Collective Sexual Violence in Bosnia and Sierra Leone: A Comparative Case Study Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ten Bensel, Tusty; Sample, Lisa L

    2015-10-08

    Social scientists have long studied the patterns, motivations, and recidivism rates of sexual offenders; however, the majority of prior research has examined rape, where victims are assaulted by a single offender in isolated events. Often overlooked are sexually violent assaults committed during armed conflicts, which often exhibit group-level sexual offending. This oversight could be a result of perceived notions that sexual violence during conflict is a rare or regrettable event; however, it has been documented consistently throughout history. The purpose of this study was to improve our understanding of sexual violence during war by comparing and contrasting preconflict characteristics, conflict framing, and justifications for sexual violence in the Bosnian and Sierra Leone armed conflicts. This greater understanding can then be used to identify factors that may contribute to the collectivization of sexual violence during war.

  10. Operation Joint Guard (SFOR) Bosnia. Assessment of Operational Stress and Adaptive Coping Mechanisms of Soldiers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-01

    Opportunities to contact home acted as a buffer for this stress. ATT phone banks and morale calls home alleviated some of the stress of being away from loved...objectives. Horizontal cohesion (peer group bonding) and vertical cohesion (bonding to unit leadership) were extremely important buffers to stress. Both...4.0 3.0 2.0 7.0 Form Number 7S612-S-88 SURVEY Ivf ^tWoRK1 322 Below are statements about life that people often feel different about. Please

  11. The Joint Broadcast Service Supporting Bosnia: Value to the Warrior and Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-03-01

    files, and due to the industriousness of Chief Warrant Officer Rodriguez , a FACPAC was installed there where he prints out these large files in support of...CTF61/CTF62 USS San Jacinto (JWID 󈨣 Demo) Vaihingen, Germany USEUCOM Vicenza, Italy Combined Air Operations Center (CAOC) Sources: Maj William Boronow...Sarajevo) USS George Washington, USS LaSalle, USS Guam, USS San Jacinto , USS Saipan, USS Enterprise (presence in footprint varies) Source: Adapted

  12. Separating Belligerent Populations: Mitigating Ethno-Sectarian Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-22

    of Bosnia and Herzegovina: the Serb Republic of Srpska to the north, and the Muslim- Croat Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina to the south. In most areas...intervened in the Bosnian War. In allowing the Serbs to retain 49-percent of the territory of Bosnia as the Republic of Srpska , where Serbs had only

  13. Advanced technologies, systems, and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Avdaković, Samir

    2017-01-01

    This volume spans a wide range of technical disciplines and technologies, including complex systems, biomedical engineering, electrical engineering, energy, telecommunications, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, and computer science. The papers included in this volume were presented at the International Symposium on Innovative and Interdisciplinary Applications of Advanced Technologies (IAT), held in Neum, Bosnia and Herzegovina on June 26 and 27, 2016. This highly interdisciplinary volume is devoted to various aspects and types of systems. Systems thinking is crucial for successfully building and understanding man-made, natural, and social systems. .

  14. Nuclear legislation in Central and Eastern Europe and the NIS

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This publication examines the legislation and regulations governing the peaceful uses of nuclear energy in eastern European countries. It covers 11 countries from Central and Eastern Europe and 11 countries from the New Independent States. The chapters follow a systematic format making it easier for the reader to carry out research and compare information. This study will be updated regularly. Albania Kazakhstan Armenia Latvia Belarus Lithuania Bosnia and Herzegovina Poland Bulgaria Republic of Moldova Croatia Romania Czech Republic Russian Federation Estonia Slovak Republic Former Yugoslav Re

  15. (Re)Shaping History in Bosnian and Herzegovinian Museums

    OpenAIRE

    Vanja Lozic

    2015-01-01

    The current article explores how political changes in the past 130 years have shaped and reshaped three major museums in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). The overall aim is to describe structural processes of national museum building in BiH and the ways the museological representation of history is connected to state and nation making and to political transitions and crises. The analysed museums are the National Museum of BiH, the History Museum of BiH, and the Museum of the Republic of Srpska. ...

  16. Armed Peacekeepers in Bosnia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    on hold in 1994. Ground planning tapered off for several months but accelerated in November 1994 when Bosnian Serb military success and NATO sea...played volleyball with the local children, for example. They were allowed to frequent a restaurant, but in groups of four with at least one soldier...form of volleyball games or sharing meals. The result was both a calming community presence and a wealth of insight.98 Beyond that, like American SF

  17. Informality, Inequality and Social Reintegration in Post-War Transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Bojicic-Dzelilovic

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to reconceptualize the notion of informality in the post-war context in order to investigate the neglected aspect of inequality which is associated with this kind of practice. It locates the problem of widespread informality in the social transformation triggered by a war that has been sustained by the post-war elite accommodation. Inequities created by a routine resort to informal arrangements in accessing assets and resources generate mistrust at the interpersonal, inter-group and institutional levels, sharpen a sense of discrimination and social injustice, and in the end, undermine post-war social reintegration. The argument draws on observations from Bosnia-Herzegovina.

  18. Survey of Attitudes towards Curriculum Reforms among Medical Teachersin Different Socio-economic and Cultural Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Mads Ronald

    2007-01-01

    towards medical curriculum reform in post-communist transition countries, but not in Western European schools, was younger age, as well as female gender in Bosnia and Herzegovina,. Factors influencing faculty attitudes may not be easy to identify and may be specific for different settings......Curriculum reforms in medical schools require cultural and conceptual changes from the faculty. We assessed attitudes towards curriculum reforms in different academic, economic, and social environments among 776 teachers from 2 Western European medical schools (Belgium and Denmark) and 7 medical...

  19. Dendroindication of drought in Rogatica region (Eastern Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ducić Vladan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of using the dendrochronological method in drought prediction in eastern Bosnia. As an indicator of drought, the standardized precipitation index (SPI was used. In the wider area of Rogatica (eastern Bosnia, 11 core samples from trees were taken. The best connection between the width of tree rings and drought was shown by the sample of a 67-year-old European silver fir (Abies alba from the mountain Bokšanica. Removal of the biological trend (standardization was performed by the autoregressive-moving-average (ARMA method. Calculations showed that precipitation, i.e. drought in the summer months, is crucial for radial increment of the sample. The obtained results of our research have been confirmed in examples in the region and further. [47007

  20. Dispatching and monitoring - high technologies for greater productivity in Yugoslav mines. Dispecing i monitoring - visoke tehnologije za vecu produktivnost Jugoslovenskog rudarstva

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kordic, Z.; Avdic, S.; Vidakovic, D.; Miskic, D.; Vukota, R.; Jurosevic, R. (Rudarski Institut, Tuzla (Yugoslavia))

    1990-01-01

    Outlines features of the project Dispatching and Monitoring to increase productivity in surface mining, conducted by the Mining Institute, Tuzla (Yugoslavia). The project is within the framework of the plan Social Goal XVI of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to be accomplished within 5 years. The goal of the project is to explore conditions, means and methods which could contribute to better utilization of machinery and equipment of surface mines by wide-scale introduction of appropriate computer monitoring systems. Fourteen project topics to be investigated are listed. 9 refs.

  1. Bosnia - pelgupaik islamiradikaalidele? / Nicholas Wood ; tõlk. Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wood, Nicholas

    2006-01-01

    Bosnias avastas politsei 2005. aasta sügisel ühes korteris suure hulga relvi ning suitsiidivöösid, sellele on järgnenud mitmeid vahistamisi. Euroopa julgeolekuteenistused kardavad Bosnia muutumist terroristide baasiks

  2. Vývoj politického systému Bosny a Hercegoviny po Daytonu a jeho současná podoba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Kasum

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The study deals with the evolution of the post-Dayton political system in Bosnia and Herzegovina from the first post-war elections to the year 2006. The study also presents a complete picture of the present structure of the political system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, its component entities (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, and the District of Brčko. The concluding parts of this study describe the involvement of the international community in the political system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and current trends in the political system.

  3. What Strategic Considerations Should Affect a Decision by the United States to Intervene with Military Force in Bosnia-Hercegovina?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-04

    deiense industry was located in Bosnia, most of what remains lies under Croatian or Muslim control with the notable exception of the Banja Luka ...In western Bosnia are the I Krajina Corps at Banja Luka , reported to be the strongest corps with up to 30 percent of the equipment, and the II Krajina...Rgt) I Krajina Corps: Banja Luka 1 Mechanized Brigade (Mech Bde) 1 Mtz Bde 1 Inf Bde 1 Part Div 5 Territorial Defense Brigades3 (TDF Bde) 2 Mountain

  4. Bosnia ja Kosovo riigiloomise õppetunnid / Karin Maandi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maandi, Karin

    2005-01-01

    OSCE missiooni koosseisus Kosovos ning Bosnias ja Hertsegoviinas viibinud Karin Maandi kirjeldab aspekte, mis on olnud olulised stabiilsuse tagamisel Balkanil ja Afganistanis. Autori sõnul ei võta välismaailm konflikti sekkudes tihti arvesse, et konfliktist on puudutatud paljud valdkonnad ja et pakutud lahendused peavad sobima kohalikesse oludesse. Lisa: Õppetunnid

  5. INVESTMENTS AND INVESTMENT INCENTIVES IN THE BALKAN STATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MEHMET YÜCE

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Balkan region, located in the south eastern part of the European Continent, is composed Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia, Greece with a portion of the Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and Turkey. Southeast Europe are composed of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia and Albania which known as the Western Balkans countries. That international investments are assessed on a regional and global scale in the Balkans, these investments gained importance after the 1990s with political, social and geographical variation. In the 2000s, after legal and administrative framework oriented reforms of investments which are continuations of global integration efforts, development of the investment opportunities in Balkans have been considered positively. While the investment incentive structures and rates differ on the basis of the countries, they are of capital importance for investors. After the 2008 global economic crisis which has happened because of the economic shrinkage on global scale, despite the worries for political and economic unsteadiness in specific countries, development of investments in Balkans has not been affected in a negative way. In this study development of investment in Balkans is analysed with negative and positive factors, investment opportunities and incentives are examined on the basis of countries. The Balkans gain acceleration positively thanks to the reforms of investment opportunities on the national scope. As to the need of investment development oriented local and international coordinated programme and approach is an important issue that should be analysed.

  6. There is no solution without national strategy about truth and reconciliation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marjanović Zdravko

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The society for tolerance was set up as a peace group in 1993, which means that it has been dealing with the issue of reconciliation ever since it came into being. The two kinds of activities on the reconciliation plan have so far been the following: Fieldwork in Eastern Slavonia and Western Srem as well as in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Activities in the local communities. Current activities include the implementation of the agreement on cross-border cooperation of the local authorities, entrepreneurs and the civil sector of four countries: Hungary, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia and Montenegro. As we believe that the problem is not only related to the truth (the precondition for reconciliation during the latest wars, but that those roots are far deeper, our plans are to activate our long-standing project of the Social club, through the "House for multiculturalism and regional cooperation" that we formed by signing an agreement with some NGO-s in Croatia and Hungary. The project includes encounters of the citizens primarily of the children and of the young, in order to openly discuss issues related to their everyday lives, one of the most important being reconciliation. In this process, we also perceive the process of rehabilitation through dispersing stereotypes that were created as a consequence of the long-existing absence of confrontation with the truth.

  7. Bosnian and American students' attitudes toward electronic monitoring: is it about what we know or where we come from?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muftić, Lisa R; Payne, Brian K; Maljević, Almir

    2015-06-01

    The use of community corrections continues to grow across the globe as alternatives to incarceration are sought. Little research attention, however, has been directed at correctional alternatives from a global orientation. The purpose of this research study is to compare the way that a sample of criminal justice students from the United States (n = 118) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (n = 133) perceive electronic monitoring. Because electronic monitoring is a newer sentencing alternative and it is used differently in Bosnia and Herzegovina than it is in the United States, it is predicted that Bosnian students will view electronic monitoring differently than will students from the United States. This study finds that while students are largely supportive of electronic monitoring sentences, support is affected by offender type and student nationality. For example, Bosnian students are more supportive of electronic monitoring sentences for drug offenders while American students are more supportive of electronic monitoring sentences for juvenile offenders. Differences were also found across student groups when attitudes toward electronic monitoring and the costs and pains associated with electronic monitoring were assessed. Specifically, American students were less likely to view electronic monitoring as meeting the goals of rehabilitation and more likely to view the conditions and restrictions associated with electronic monitoring as being punitive than Bosnian students were. Implications from these findings, as well as limitations and suggestions for further research are discussed.

  8. The measurement of radioactivity in water and soil samples from Republic of Srpska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Todorovic, D.J.; Jankovic, M.M.

    2008-07-01

    During 2005 and 2006 water and soil samples were collected from different regions in Republic of Srpska, in order to evaluate their radioactivity. During the War lasted from 1994 to 1995, it is known that some locations in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republic of Srpska belongs territorially to Bosnia and Herzegovina) were imposed by NATO forces and targeted by depleted uranium. For investigation we chose locations which are far away from the bombed places in order to check whether the depleted uranium was dispersed on long distances. The activity concentrations of radio-nuclides in water and soil samples were determined by gamma spectrometry (HPGe detector, relative efficiency 23%). Results showed the presence of natural radio-nuclides 226Ra, 232Th, 40K, 235U, 238U as well as the produced radionuclide 137Cs. In order to evaluate the radiological hazard of the natural radioactivity, the radium equivalent activity, the gamma-absorbed dose rate, the annual effective dose rate and the external hazard index have been calculated for soil samples. (author)(tk)

  9. Economic and technical feasibility and optimum production at the Ramici surface mine in the area of Banja Luka (SW Bosnia)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fazlibegovic, J.; Kostovic, G.

    1978-04-01

    Comments on the results of geological exploration carried out in the Ramici lignite deposit in the period of 1925-1960 are given. Coal reserves of 37.5 million tons were established. Based on a study made by the Institute for Mining and Technological Research in Tuzla an investment program for the construction of a surface mine has been proposed. The capacity of this mine should be 500,000-1,000,000 t/a. As an optimum capacity 700,000 t/a is suggested. For the excavation work over a 12 year period the employment of shovel excavators has been proposed. Further exploration work should increase the coal reserves and extend the planned period of exploitation.

  10. ESTGUARD-1 kolmandat kuud Bosnias / Margus Müür

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müür, Margus

    2006-01-01

    Alates 9. detsembrist 2005 viibib Bosnia-Hertsegoviina Vabariigis Kaitseliidu liikmetest koostatud rahuvalverühm ESTGUARD-1, mille ülesandeks on Tuzla lennubaasi ja selle juures asuva sõjaväelaagri Camp Eagle Base valvamine ning kaitsmine

  11. Bosnia paraneb sõjahaavadest visalt / Väino Linde

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linde, Väino, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vooremaa, Valgamaalane, Nädaline 7. okt. lk. 2, Hiiu Leht 10. okt. lk. 4, Järva Teataja 12. okt. lk. 2. Autor osales OSCE rahvusvahelise vaatlejana Bosnia ja Hertsegoviina üldvalimistel

  12. Tagaotsitav Bosnia serblaste juht on väidetavalt tabatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Serbia telekanali TV BN teatel tabati Belgradis sõjakuritegudes süüdistatav Bosnia serblaste kindral Ratko Mladic, Serbia valitsuse pressiesindaja kinnitusel ei ole uudis Ratko Mladici tabamisest õige

  13. The First Mediterranean Seminar on Science Writing, Editing and Publishing, Sarajevo, December 2-3, 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet; Donev, Doncho; Sinanovic, Osman; Jakovljevic, Miro; Zerem, Enver; Milosevic, Dejan B; Gajovic, Srecko; Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Sokolovic, Sekib; Salkic, Nermin; Uzunovic, Selma; Dobric, Silva; Kurti, Floreta; Begic, Edin; Kurtcehajic, Admir

    2016-12-01

    The First Mediterranean Seminar on Science Writing, Editing & Publishing (SWEP 2016) was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina from 2nd to 3rd December 2016. It was organized by Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, running concurrent sessions as part of its Annual Meeting titled " "Days of AMNuBiH - Theory and Practice in Science Communication and Scientometrics". Hotel Bosnia in the city centre was the chosen venue. On the first day, nineteen presentations on various issues of science writing and publication ethics were delivered by speakers from Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina and the UK (Asim Kurjak, Milivoj Boranić, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanović, Miro Jakovljević, Enver Zerem, Dejan Milošević, Silva Dobrić, Srećko Gajović, Izet Mašić, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Šekib Sokolović, Nermin Salkić, Selma Uzunović, Admir Kurtčehajić, Edin Begić and Floreta Kurti). Each presentation had a take-home message for novice and seasoned authors, encountering numerous problems in non-Anglophone research environment. Lecturers, who were internationally recognized editors of regional journals, generously shared their experience of adhering to the best ethical guidance. Elegant presentations by Srećko Gajović (Editor-in-Chief of the Croatian Medical Journal) and Armen Yuri Gasparyan (past Chief Editor of the European Science Editing) showcased their accomplishments that strengthened ties between authors from all over the world. Gasparyan reflected on educational resources of editorial associations, such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and called not just to declare the adherence to, but also to enforce their ethical guidance in daily practice. Editors of Medical Archives, Croatian Medica Journal, Vojnosanitetski Pregled, Psychiatria Danubina, Acta Informatica Medica, Materia Socio-Medica, The Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstretics

  14. Bosnia esimesed sammud EL-i teel / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2005-01-01

    EL alustas Bosnia ja Hertsegoviinaga läbirääkimisi stabilisatsiooni ja assotsiatsioonilepingu sõlmimiseks. Riigi kolme etnilise grupi - serblaste, horvaatide ja muslimite juhid andsid lubaduse luua ühtne riigipea ametikoht. Olukorrast Bosnias ja Hertsegoviinas kümme aastat pärast Daytoni rahuleppe sõlmimist. Skeem: Riigi ülesehitus. Vt. samas: Ahtisaari üritab Kosovo staatust kokku leppida

  15. Bosnia: A Question of Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-10

    have crashed upon the Balkan shores.’ The land bears the marks of Greek, Roman, Gothic , Slavic, and Turkish conquest, to name a few. Foreign domination...sought to challenge the cycle of domination by the many empires that have conquered the Balkans. 6 The Turks allowed the Orthodox Church to operate

  16. Dental fear and anxiety in older children: an association with parental dental anxiety and effective pain coping strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coric A

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Anka Coric,1 Adriana Banozic,2 Miro Klaric,3 Katarina Vukojevic,4 Livia Puljak5 1School of Medicine, University of Mostar, Health Center Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 2Laboratory for Pain Research, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia; 3Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 4Department of Anatomy, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia; 5Laboratory for Pain Research, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia Abstract: An association between dental fear and anxiety (DFA has been confirmed for children younger than 8 years, but this association in older children is less clear. The aim of this study was to fill this knowledge gap by studying DFA in older children and their parents with validated measures. This cross-sectional study, conducted at Community Health Centre Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, included 114 children and their parents. DFA, coping, and sociodemographic variables were studied using Corah Dental Anxiety Questionnaire (CDAS, Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS, Dental Cope Questionnaire, and sociodemographic questionnaire. Maternal CDAS scores had significant positive correlation with child DFA measured with CFSS-DS (r=0.35, P<0.001 and CDAS (r=0.32, P<0.001. Fathers' CDAS scores were not associated with child CFSS-DS, but showed a moderate correlation with child CDAS (r=0.19, P<0.05. There were no significant differences in children's fear and anxiety based on age, sex, or socioeconomic variables. Children used internal coping strategies most frequently and external coping strategies were rated by the children as the most effective. We did not find differences in number and type of effective coping strategies in children with high DFA compared with children with low DFA. In conclusion, there is evidence of the coexistence of dental fear in parents and older children. These findings

  17. Kümnend pärast Daytonit : Bosnias rahu, kuid segadus / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2005-01-01

    Autori sõnul põlistas Daytoni rahulepe sisuliselt etnilise puhastuse Bosnias ning jättis Bosnia poolkolonialismi näidisena rahvusvahelise üldsuse juhtimise alla. Lisa: Riik püsib koos, leppimust ei ole

  18. Bosnia serblased ähvardavad oma vabariigile iseseisvust taotleda / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2009-01-01

    Bosnia ja Hertsegoviina liitriigi Serbia vabariigi peaminister Milorad Dodik nõudis, et põhiseadusesse lisataks punktid, mis tagaksid Bosnia serblaste enesemääramisõiguse ja lubaksid korraldada referendumi iseseisvumise küsimuses

  19. International Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering 2017

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    This volume presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering held from 16 to 18 March 2017 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Focusing on the theme of ‘Pursuing innovation. Shaping the future’, it highlights the latest advancements in Biomedical Engineering and also presents the latest findings, innovative solutions and emerging challenges in this field. Topics include: - Biomedical Signal Processing - Biomedical Imaging and Image Processing - Biosensors and Bioinstrumentation - Bio-Micro/Nano Technologies - Biomaterials - Biomechanics, Robotics and Minimally Invasive Surgery - Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Endocrine Systems Engineering - Neural and Rehabilitation Engineering - Molecular, Cellular and Tissue Engineering - Bioinformatics and Computational Biology - Clinical Engineering and Health Technology Assessment - Health Informatics, E-Health and Telemedicine - Biomedical Engineering Education - Pharmaceutical Engineering.

  20. Saobraćaj u BiH i uključivanje u evropski saobraćajni sistem EZ nakon 1992. godine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragutin Šipka

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the issue of traffic in Bosnia and Herzegovina within the scope of changes of the economic system in Yugoslavia which serves the author to put forth some particular aspects of the current traffic status in Bosnia and Herzegovina. By reiterating the indispensable requirement of compatibility of the future EC traffic/transport system, the author draws references to the existing possibilities of traffic in Bosnia and Herzegovina for integration into the European traffic system while emphasizing in this respect as a decisive development - related activity the decision on the required construction of the Šamac – Sarajevo - Kardeljevo highway route.

  1. ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS INTERDEPENDENCES - EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nino Serdarević

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents empirical evidence on applied analysis interdependences with created accounting policies and estimates within Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH private commercial entities, in specific, targeting practice oriented relevance of financial indicators, non-financial indicators, enterprise resource planning and management account-ting insight frequencies. Recently, standard setters (International Accounting Standards Board and International Federation of Accountants have published outcomes of an internationally organized research on financial reports usefulness, recommending enforced usage of enterprise relevant information, non-financial indicators and risks implications in assets and liabilities positions. These imply litigation and possible income smoothening. In regard to financial reporting reliability, many authors suggest accounting conservatism as a measure to compose risk assessment and earnings response ratio. Author argues that recently suggested financial management measures involving cash and assets management, liquidity ratios and turns do not directly imply accounting information quality, prior computed within applied accounting conservatism.

  2. 'Our' diaspora in Argentina: Historical overview and preliminary research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanović-Banović Milesa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available There are about 30 000 people of Serbian and Montenegrin origin living in Republic of Argentina today. They mostly originate from the territories of today’s Montenegro and Croatia (Dalmatia, and, to a lesser extent, from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Emigration in Argentina, despite the same origin as the one in North America, has developed distinguishing social and cultural character. The presented historical synoptic and brief review of the present state point out that this unexplored immigrant population in South America represents a complex phenomenon, a community which identity has embedded various historical, political, cultural, religious and ideological layers. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177028: Strategije identiteta: savremena kultura i religioznost i br. 47016: Interdisciplinarno istraživanje kulturnog i jezičkog nasleđa Srbije. Izrada multimedijalnog internet portala "Pojmovnik srpske kulture"

  3. L’Affaire du génocide. Bosnie et Serbie devant la Cour internationale de Justice ou la dénonciation à l’épreuve du droit international Lawyering Truth. The Genocide Case (Bosnia vs. Serbia before the International Court of Justice, or a Test of Public Denunciation through International Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Yves Condé

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available En 2006 la Cour internationale de Justice a rendu son arrêt dans l’affaire du Génocide introduite par la Bosnie-Herzégovine contre la Serbie treize ans plus tôt. Elle a qualifié de génocide les massacres de Srebrenica de juillet 1995 et jugé que la Serbie, en ne cherchant ni à empêcher, ni à punir ce crime, avait enfreint la Convention pour la prévention et la répression du crime de génocide. L’écart entre les conclusions des juges et la cause plaidée par la Bosnie-Herzégovine, qui alléguait que la Serbie était directement responsable d’un génocide commis sur tout son territoire depuis 1992 au moins, a suscité des critiques radicales de la décision rendue. A partir des plaidoiries orales des parties à l’instance, cet article souligne les difficultés spécifiques rencontrées par la Bosnie dans sa tentative de défendre une cause judiciaire au nom de la vérité.In 2006 the International Court of Justice rendered its Judgment in the Genocide case brought thirteen years earlier by Bosnia and Herzegovina against Serbia. The Court held that the July 1995 Srebrenica massacres amounted to genocide and ruled that Serbia, by failing to prevent the crime and punish those responsible, was in breach of the Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the crime of genocide. Because of the discrepancy between these judicial determinations and Bosnia’s allegations that Serbia was directly responsible for a genocide committed on her whole territory since 1992 at least, sharp criticisms were leveled at the decision. Focusing on the oral pleadings in the case, the paper aims at demonstrating the specific obstacles met by Bosnia in her efforts to lawyer truth.

  4. Financial crises and volatility spillovers among emerging European equity markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Ergun

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Financial crisis not only have statistically but also economically significant impact on global equity market returns. This study analyzes whether current financial crisis affect the equity market returns of Balkan transition economies and what is the extent of such impact by employing Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity model is employed on daily data spans from 2006 to 2012 for three transition economies which are Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. Empirical result indicates that volatility of Serbian stock price is influenced by the volatility of Bosnian and Croatian stock prices. There is one way volatility transmission from Bosnian and Croatian stock markets to Serbian stock market. High degree of volatility is observed in the stock markets during latest financial crises.

  5. Trafficking of Women for Sexual Exploitation in Europe: Prosecution, trials and their impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biljana Meshkovska

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The importance of criminal proceedings against traffickers in the fight against human trafficking is clear. However, this paper illustrates that investigations, prosecutions and trials are often extremely long with mixed influences on the victims themselves. The study draws on fieldwork conducted in five European countries: Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Serbia and the Netherlands. A total of 40 interviews were conducted—with 7 trafficked persons and 33 service providers who are in direct contact with victims. Based on these interviews, some general themes were identified for analysis: (1 length of the criminal justice process, (2 secondary victimisation, (3 need for specialist training and interviewing skills for all individuals in contact with trafficked persons, (4 information and trust, (5 protection from intimidation, (6 not just conviction but financial compensation, and finally, (7 the label ‘victim’ and the wish to testify. Each theme is discussed in detail.

  6. Atmospheric Pressure Changes Are Associated with Type A Acute Aortic Dissections and Spontaneous Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Rupture in Tuzla Canton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krdzalic, Alisa; Rifatbegovic, Zijah; Krdzalic, Goran; Jahic, Elmir; Adam, Visnja Nesek; Golic, Darko

    2014-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate a relationship between seasonal variation and incidence of type A acute aortic dissection (AAD) and spontaneous abdominal aneurysm rupture (rAAA) in Canton Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Patients and methods: A total of 81 cases, 41 AAD and 40 of ruptured AAA were identified from one center over a 6-year, from 2008 till 2013. In 2012 were admitted (45.6% or 36 patients). Results: Seasonal analysis showed that 19(23.4%) patients were admitted in spring, 15(18.5) in summer, 26(32%) in autumn and 21(25.9) in winter. The most frequent period was autumn/winter with 47 or 58% patients. A causal link between atmospheric pressure (AP) and incidence of rAAA and AAD on seasonal and monthly basis was found. PMID:25568523

  7. Organized Crime as a Dynamic and Complex Challenge Faced by the Modern Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nermin Halilagic

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Organized crime is a complex and in many ways specific criminal phenomenon, now considered to be the most dangerous form of crime. It appeared relatively recently in both Bosnia and Herzegovina and the other republics of the former Yugoslavia. This work reviews the level of danger organized crime has presented to society through history. The author of the paper also refers to the characteristics of organized crime and highlights the presence of diferent both international and domestic opinions on the definition of the concept of organized crime, and the fact that today there is still no universal definition of the content of this concept. Also mentioned are criminal of­fenses related to organized crime.

  8. Stigma and attachment: performance of identity in an environmentally degraded place

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broto, V.C.; Burningham, K.; Carter, C.; Elghali, L. [University of Durham, Durham (United Kingdom). Dept. of Geology

    2010-07-01

    Research examining the relationship between place and identity shows that the experience of places influences a person's process of identification, through which an emotional bond with the place may be developed. However, the implications of this literature for land restoration remain unexplored. This is partially due to a gap in empirical research that explores the performance of identities in environmentally degraded settings. This article examines the relationship between identity and place among residents living around five coal ash disposal sites in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The article develops a qualitative model to understand the emergence of divergent responses toward the pollution and illustrates that in an environmentally degraded setting the bonds between the individuals and the place are not necessarily dislocated; in some cases, these bonds may be even reinforced by the performance of adaptative identities in response to environmental change.

  9. Morpho-physiological characteristics and interactions of isolates of Mycogone perniciosa (Magnus Delacr

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    Glamočlija Jasmina M.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Mycogone perniciosa (Magnus Delacr., which causes wet bubble disease of Agaricus bisporus Lange (Imb, results in a considerable crop loss on mushroom farms in Serbia. The isolation and identification of five isolates of M. perniciosa from diseased fruit bodies of white button mushroom from mushroom units in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Holland were made. Morpho-physiological characteristics and inter-relationships of the obtained isolates were studied. Macroscopic and microscopic investigations of different zones between colonies of the isolates of M. perniciosa revealed the phenomenon of the hyphal interference between different isolates. The obtained results suggest that hyphal interference could serve as an additional parameter for a more reliable determination of fungal specifity.

  10. Increase of geomorphological risks in the urban space of Sarajevo as a consecuence of the process of suburbanisation and policies of neoliberalisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Martín-Díaz

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In May 2014, the rainfall associated with the deep low pressure system called Tamara caused severe flooding and numerous landslides in the Western Balkans region, also reaching the city of Sarajevo (capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In this episode hydrological and geomorphological hazards affecting a significant number of urban and suburban areas built in the Bosnian capital since the end of the war were evidenced. From an observational and ethnographic work carried out between 2010 and 2013 and operational support of GIS, this paper aims at highlighting the unsustainable direction of its built environment. This has been caused by the densification occurred in floodplain as well as the intense suburbanisation process of the slopes. Both processes are respectively produced by the international policies promoting a neoliberal urban development and the need of people refugeed in Sarajevo to stabilise their situation in the city after the war.

  11. The role of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase and organic substances from coal in the etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy: A new hypothesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pavlovic, N.M.; Orem, W.H.; Tatu, C.A.; Lerch, H.E.; Bunnell, J.E.; Feder, G.L.; Kostic, E.N.; Ordodi, V.L. [University of Nis, Nis (Serbia)

    2008-03-15

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) occurs in Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croatia. BEN has been characterized as a chronic, slowly progressive renal disease of unknown etiology. In this study, we examined the influence of soluble organic compounds in drinking water leached from Pliocene lignite from BEN-endemic areas on plasma lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity. We found that changes for all samples were the most prominent for the dilution category containing 90% plasma and 10% of diluting media. Water samples from BEN villages from Serbia and Romania showed higher LCAT inhibiting activity (P = 0.02) and (p = 0.003), respectively, compared to deionised water and non-endemic water. A secondary LCAT deficiency could result from this inhibitory effect of the organic compounds found in endemic water supplies and provide an ethiopathogenic basis for the development of BEN in the susceptible population.

  12. The role of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase and organic substances from coal in the etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy: A new hypothesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlovic, N.M.; Orem, W.H.; Tatu, C.A.; Lerch, H.E.; Bunnell, J.E.; Feder, G.L.; Kostic, E.N.; Ordodi, V.L.

    2008-01-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) occurs in Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croatia. BEN has been characterized as a chronic, slowly progressive renal disease of unknown etiology. In this study, we examined the influence of soluble organic compounds in drinking water leached from Pliocene lignite from BEN-endemic areas on plasma lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity. We found that changes for all samples were the most prominent for the dilution category containing 90% plasma and 10% of diluting media. Water samples from BEN villages from Serbia and Romania showed higher LCAT inhibiting activity (p = 0.02) and (p = 0.003), respectively, compared to deionised water and non-endemic water. A secondary LCAT deficiency could result from this inhibitory effect of the organic compounds found in endemic water supplies and provide an ethiopathogenic basis for the development of BEN in the susceptible population. ?? 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Desiccation and Mortality Dynamics in Seedlings of Different European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Populations under Extreme Drought Conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolte, Andreas; Czajkowski, Tomasz; Cocozza, Claudia

    2016-01-01

    , but not with the geographic margins of beech range. Thus, beech range marginality may be more due to climatic conditions than to geographic range. The outcome of this study suggests the genetic variation has a major influence on the varying adaptive potential of the investigated populations.......European beech (Fagus sylvatica L., hereafter beech), one of the major native tree species in Europe, is known to be drought sensitive. Thus, the identification of critical thresholds of drought impact intensity and duration are of high interest for assessing the adaptive potential of European...... beech to climate change in its native range. In a common garden experiment with one-year-old seedlings originating from central and marginal origins in six European countries (Denmark, Germany, France, Romania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Spain), we applied extreme drought stress and observed desiccation...

  14. PATIENT'S RIGHT TO INFORMED CONSENT IN REPUBLIC SRPSKA: LEGAL AND ETHICAL ASPECTS (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PHYSICAL REHABILITATION).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milinkovic, Igor; Majstorovic, Biljana

    2014-12-01

    The principle of informed consent, which requires a patient's fully-informed consent prior to the medical treatment, is closely connected with the value of human dignity. The realization and protection of a patient's dignity is not possible without his/her right to choose the character and scope of medical treatment. This goal cannot be adequately achieved within the traditional model of medical paternalism characterized by the physician's authoritative position. The first part of the article deals with the content and ethical significance of the informed consent doctrine. The legal framework of informed consent in Republic Srpska (RS), one of the two Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH)entities, is analyzed. Special reference is made to the relevance of the informed consent principle within the physical rehabilitation process. Although ethical aspects of physical rehabilitation are often overlooked, this medical field possesses a strong ethical dimension (including an appropriate realization of the patient's right to informed consent).

  15. The impact of changes in the milk payment system and season on the hygienic quality of milk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vedat PAŠIĆ

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this paper were to investigate the impact of changes in the milk payment system and the season on the hygienic quality of raw milk. The bulk cow’s milk samples were collected throughout the whole area of Bosnia and Herzegovina over the period of four years (2010-2013, from farms that deliver milk to the dairy industry. The total bacterial count (TBC was analysed in 52,999 milk samples and the somatic cell count (SCC in 53,363 milk samples. The results of the research showed that the proportion of bulk milk with the SCC < 300,000 mL-1 significantly increased in the observed period, as well as the proportion of farms that produce milk of EU quality (P < 0.05. The season had a significant effect (P < 0.05 on the SCC; in April the proportion of bulk milk with SCC < 300,000 mL-1 was significantly higher (P < 0.05. A significant increase (P < 0.05 in the proportion of milk with the TBC < 200,000 cfu∙mL -1 was perceived, as well as the proportion of farms which deliver that type of milk (P < 0.05. A Significant lower (P < 0.05 proportion of milk in the summer period with TBC < 200,000 cfu∙mL-1 was determined. It can be concluded that consistent appliance of regulations which determine the quality of milk, leads to the improvement of the hygienic quality of redeemed milk, as illustrated by the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This kind of milk payment system is important for both, the higher economic benefit of farms and the dairy processing industry.

  16. New floristic records in the Balkans: 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    -14, 32, 65), Rosaceae (33, 66, 97), Rubiaceae (56, 73), Salicaceae (50), Scrophulariaceae (51), Valerianaceae (15) and Violaceae (57, 67). First reports for countries are: Bosnia & Herzegovina - Lactuca visianii (72), Potamogeton rutilus (29); Bulgaria - Convolvulus pilosellifolius (36), Deschampsia...

  17. Seventy Years of the Journal "Medical Archives".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2016-02-01

    This year journal "Medical Archives" celebrates 70th anniversary of its continuing publication. Medical Archives is oldest biomedical journal in Bosnia and Herzegovina and one of the oldest medical journals in Europe, established in the year 1947, as official scientific and professional journal of Association of Physicians of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Until present Medical Archives has published over 5000 articles. Today Medical Archives is internationally recognized medical peer-reviewed indexed journal, visible in more than 30 international on-line databases.

  18. Seventy Years of the Journal “Medical Archives”

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This year journal “Medical Archives” celebrates 70th anniversary of its continuing publication. Medical Archives is oldest biomedical journal in Bosnia and Herzegovina and one of the oldest medical journals in Europe, established in the year 1947, as official scientific and professional journal of Association of Physicians of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Until present Medical Archives has published over 5000 articles. Today Medical Archives is internationally recognized medical peer-reviewed index...

  19. Combining morphology and genetics in resolving taxonomy--a systematic revision of spined loaches (Genus Cobitis; Cypriniformes, Actinopterygii in the Adriatic watershed.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Buj

    Full Text Available Taxonomic investigation of spined loaches from Dalmatia and Herzegovina was conducted on specimens from 14 localities. The results of the detailed morphological investigations were combined with genetic data (based on one mitochondrial and two nuclear genes in order to resolve the taxonomic status of each Cobitis population. Among the investigated features of external morphology, the appearance of spots on the caudal fin base turned out to have the greatest diagnostic value. Furthermore, the number of branched fin rays enabled the discrimination of several species. No morphometric character alone could ensure determination of any Cobitis species. Nevertheless, groups of populations that are more similar in their body shapes correspond to mitochondrial phylogenetic lineages. Based on molecular genetic markers, Dalmatian and Herzegovinian spined loaches form independent lineages inside the Adriatic phylogenetic group. Mitochondrial DNA phylogenetic reconstruction revealed six monophyletic lineages, corresponding to six species distributed in the investigated area. The population distributed in Mostarsko blato karstic field in Bosnia and Herzegovina is described as a new species based on a unique combination of morphological characters: a single triangular Canestrini scale; usually 51/2 branched anal fin rays, 61/2 branched dorsal fin rays, 14 branched caudal fin rays; no spots in the surface pigmentation layer on the caudal fin base; scales on the body very small.

  20. Results of field testing with the multisensor DEMAND and BIOSENS technologies in Croatia and Bosnia developed in the European Union's 5th framework program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crabbe, Stephen; Sachs, Juergen; Peyerl, Peter; Alli, Giovanni; Eng, Lars; Khalili, Mehrdad; Busto, Javier; Berg, Anders

    2004-09-01

    This paper presents the development results for three sensor technologies: metal detector (MD) array, ultrawideband (UWB) ground penetrating radar (GPR) array and biosensor sample collection and analysis system. It provides results on explosives findings for demining and demonstrates how the false alarm rate (FAR) of the MD may be reduced while maintaining high probability of detection (PD) through a data fusion (DF) system. The relevance of the results to demining and homeland security is also provided.

  1. What Effect Did General Order Number 1 and the Force Protection Measures Have on Task Force Eagle Operations in Bosnia During Implementation Force?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-31

    Center. As opposed to their UK counterparts, who had a house in downtown Banja Luka that accommodated the LNO team, the MND(N) CIMIC center was...significant impact on morale. As one officer noted: Once again, you need only discuss comparative experiences, say, Banja Luka versus Tuzla, to gain...1996. That was official. When a new US Commander took over, he changed the policy and we complied with GO-1. But not for long. After a visit to Banja

  2. Lessons From Bosnia: The IFOR Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    deployed by the UK in MND(SW) to replace the PTAR - MIGAN system at the division level. The replacement of PTAR - MIGAN with the EUROMUX resulted in some...the removal of the ARRC and the PTAR - MIGAN, IARRCIS, and other ARRC-provided CIS capabilities. EUROMUX and MSE did not entirely replace the...of accommodat- ing a STANAG 5040 interface. Therefore, there were problems interfacing it with the TRI-TAC TTC-39D which replaced PTAR - MIGAN at the

  3. Why the United States Decided not to Fulfil the Arms Embargo on Bosnia in November 1994? Analysis of the Domestic Political Game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Fenton

    1996-02-01

    Full Text Available The United States’ decision to stop enforcing, selectively, the arms embargo against the Bosnian Muslims (which also exempted the Federation between Bosnia and Croacia in November 1994 helped change, then, the military, political and social dynamics of the war by a indirectly allowing for a balancing of military capabilities to take place in the region and b directly sending a message to the allies in NATO that the US was intent on achieving more decision-making autonomy regarding the United Nation’s resolutions and its allies’ stances toward Bosnia. Whereas the decision satisfied the US domestic political expectations of not getting bogged down militarily in Bosnia and demonstrated a pragmatic approach toward ethnicbased conflicts in Europe, it did not meet with approval from many of the NATO allies and other countries in the European Union. On the other hand, the US decision may havefound support in those countries belonging to the Organization of the Islamic Conference.The decision, which took place during a Congressional election year, was the outcome of a national debate about the United States’ political and military role and responsability in post-Cold War Europe. This decision pit the influences and the strategically wider or longer-term objectives of the Defense and State Departments and the National Security Council, and most importantly, those part of the agenda directed by a rather disengaged (initially and less persuasive President Clinton (foreign policy-wise regarding Bosnia inhis second year in the White House, against the punctual, diverse objectives and expectations of a more opportunistic Congress set on pressuring the President.

  4. Conflicts and Co-Operation Between Returnees and Immigrants in the Period After the War: the Brod-Posavina County

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragutin Babić

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines conjunctive and disjunctive social integrational processes (cooperation and conflict in the western part of the Brod-Posavina county. The actors involved in the mentioned processes – queried in a questionnaire survey – included refugees-immigrants, returnee Croats, returnee Serbs and representatives of the institutions of the groups. In total, 180 war victims were surveyed. With the end of the war, the primary network of social relations in the liberated area is beginning to be renewed. At first after the return especially of Serbs there were conflicts and settlings of accounts between the members of the three groups of war victims. However, although the conflicts were present on the level of nationality (which is not surprising in view of the Serb aggression on Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia and the marked stigmatisation of this national group, a shift can be noted from the psycho-emotional to the socio-economical levels. Although there is enmity in Croat–Serb relations, nevertheless the conflict is more pronounced between refugees-immigrants and returnee Serbs, despite what might be expected on the basis of the war events. Yet as opposed to returnee Croats, refugees-immigrants were not actors of the war events in this area, which may be (on the psychological level a slight advantage in communicating with returnee Serbs. However, among them as well it is evident that conflicts occur mainly in the area of property, which is precisely the unresolved question between refugees-immigrants and returnee Serbs. Immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina have been settled mainly in houses of persons of Serb nationality, which is the source of intolerance, distrust as well as conflict between them. On the other hand, returnee Croats are relatively secure in this regard and do not have direct property relations with the Serb population. Memories of the war and the role of the Serbs is not negligible, but it is also noted that the

  5. NOD2/CARD15 mutations in Polish and Bosnian populations with and without Crohn’s disease: prevalence and genotype-phenotype analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salkic, Nermin N.; Adler, Grazyna; Zawada, Iwona; Alibegovic, Ervin; Karakiewicz, Beata; Kozlowska-Wiechowska, Anna; Wasilewicz, Michał; Sulzyc-Bielicka, Violetta; Bielicki, Dariusz

    2015-01-01

    Data on prevalence and phenotypic consequences of nucleotide-binding oligomerisation domain 2/caspase recruitment domains 15 (NOD2/CARD15) variants in Crohn’s disease (CD) population in Poland and Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) are nonexistent. We aimed to determine the prevalence of NOD2/CARD15 mutations and their association with disease phenotype in Polish and Bosnian patients with CD and in healthy controls. We prospectively recruited 86 CD patients and 83 controls in Poland and 30 CD patients and 30 controls in B&H, 229 in total. We determined the prevalence of NOD2/CARD15 mutations and their association with the disease phenotype according to Montreal classification. Participants were genotyped for Leu1007fsinsC and Gly908Arg mutations. At least one CD-associated allele was found in 29/86 (33.7%) of Polish CD patients and in 9/83 (10.8%) of healthy controls (p<0.001). In both CD patients and controls in Bosnian sample, at least one NOD2 mutation was found in equal number of patients (3/30; 10%) with all of the NOD2 mutation positive CD patients being homozygous, while controls being heterozygous. In Polish sample, perianal disease was less frequent in CD patients with any NOD2 mutation (1/21; 4.8%) compared to those without (11/41; 26.8%; p=0.046). Higher percentage of patients with NOD2 mutations had history of CD related surgery when compared with those without mutations (66.7% vs. 43.3%; p=0.05). The risk for CD is increased in patients with NOD2 mutations (Poland) and especially in the presence of homozygous NOD2 mutations (Poland and Bosnia). The presence of variant NOD2 alleles is associated with increased need for surgery and reduced occurrence of perianal disease. PMID:26042516

  6. NOD2/CARD15 mutations in Polish and Bosnian populations with and without Crohn's disease: prevalence and genotype-phenotype analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nermin N Salkic

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Data on prevalence and phenotypic consequences of nucleotide-binding oligomerisation domain 2/caspase recruitment domains 15 (NOD2/CARD15 variants in Crohn's disease (CD population in Poland and Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H are nonexistent. We aimed to determine the prevalence of NOD2/CARD15 mutations and their association with disease phenotype in Polish and Bosnian patients with CD and in healthy controls. We prospectively recruited 86 CD patients and 83 controls in Poland and 30 CD patients and 30 controls in B&H, 229 in total. We determined the prevalence of NOD2/CARD15 mutations and their association with the disease phenotype according to Montreal classification. Participants were genotyped for Leu1007fsinsC and Gly908Arg mutations. At least one CD-associated allele was found in 29/86 (33.7% of Polish CD patients and in 9/83 (10.8% of healthy controls (p<0.001. In both CD patients and controls in Bosnian sample, at least one NOD2 mutation was found in equal number of patients (3/30; 10% with all of the NOD2 mutation positive CD patients being homozygous, while controls being heterozygous. In Polish sample, perianal disease was less frequent in CD patients with any NOD2 mutation (1/21; 4.8% compared to those without (11/41; 26.8%; p=0.046. Higher percentage of patients with NOD2 mutations had history of CD related surgery when compared with those without mutations (66.7% vs. 43.3%; p=0.05. The risk for CD is increased in patients with NOD2 mutations (Poland and especially in the presence of homozygous NOD2 mutations (Poland and Bosnia. The presence of variant NOD2 alleles is associated with increased need for surgery and reduced occurrence of perianal disease.

  7. Analysis of the Radiopollution of the City of Sarajevo and its Surrounding Area with Regard to Radionuclides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huremović, J.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, great attention has been focused on the research of problems related to the environment and processes occurring within it. The accident that occurred at Nuclear Power Plant in Chernobyl (1986 unquestionably warned that global pollution with radioactive substances on a continent scale may be expected. The past twenty years have been marked with the utilization of metal uranium – a depleted isotope of uranium-235 for various purposes. Today, depleted uranium has found its use in modern armies and it is used as efficient ammunition against armored military systems.There are estimates about the usage of ammunition with depleted uranium deployed in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the war (1992–1995. The region of Bosnia and Herzegovina was exposed to the direct influence of the global dispersion processes that had occurred in May 1986 as a consequence of emissions originating from Nuclear Power Plant “Lenin” in Chernobyl. In thiswork the radionuclides fraction analysis (238U, 226Ra, 210Pb, 232Th, 40K i 137Cs of surface samples (0–5 cm originating from the City of Sarajevo and its surroundings has been presented. The soil samples were taken from nine locations in the city and the surrounding area: Blekin potok, Kobilja glava, Bentbaša, Vraca, Prirodno-matematieki fakultet (PMF, Aziai, Hrasnica, Butmir, and Blažuj. The analyses were performed at the Department for Environment of Jo?ef Štefan Institute in Ljubljana, Slovenia. Ge HP detector connected to Ortec MCA Gamma Vision 32 Software was used in addition to the Instrumental Neutron Activation Technique (INAA.The results of the analysis were compared with data available for the City of Sarajevo (years 1986, 1987 and 1988 and Slovenia. Analyses were made after Chernobyl catastrophe. Almost all of radionuclides analysed have shown to have a slightly higher specific radioactivity when compared to the data obtained in 1986, 1987 and 1989 for the City of Sarajevo. Our results

  8. JPNIM and UENPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vassilios Fanos

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The second issue of JPNIM comes with a surprise. JPNIM has become the official journal of the Union of European Neonatal Perinatal Societies (UENPS, formed by the societies of neonatal and perinatal studies in twenty-eight European countries.JPNIM focuses on interpreting the profound changes in the world of scientific research brought about by the possibility of acquiring enormous amounts of data (“big data” and the disposition to photograph the diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive organization of health programmes in Europe. It is not only the journal of what should be done, but of what is actually done in Europe to share, improve and harmonize knowledge in the different countries. Its international dimension is proven by the numerous contributions in this issue coming from Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey. Its holistic vocation is tangible and recognizable in the passage from research to work in the field, with special emphasis on the Medical Humanities. The inclusion of the “Interview” column creates a strong bond between masters of consolidated reputation and brilliant young researchers to help make the passage from generation to generation effective and fruitful.

  9. War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    also reported that presently the United States was contributing “approximately 817 military personnel: to the NATO-led Kosovo Force ( KFOR ) in Kosovo...continued to be deployed in Kosovo as part of the NATO-led KFOR (1,900 personnel); in Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of the NATO-led SFOR (about 1,100...military personnel continued to be deployed in Kosovo as part of the NATO-led KFOR (1,800 personnel); and in Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of the NATO

  10. Does the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) Support Military Peace Operations? A Case Study of JSTARS Support to Operation JOINT ENDEAVOR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Socialist Republics (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro , Serbia, and Slovenia) and two Socialist Autonomous Provinces (Kosovo and...Europe (USAREUR) as well. 21 Roberto Corsini, Colonel, Italian Air Force, "The Balkan War, What Role for Airpower?" Air Power Journal, (Winter 95...Cappacio, Tony. "An Army Bosnia Review Rates JSTARS a White Elephant." Defense Week. (25 October 1996). Corsini, Roberto , COL, Italian Air Force

  11. Determinants of body mass index in children and adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bukara-Radujković Gordana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Body Mass Index (BMI in boys and girls is predicted by parental BMI, age and occupation. OBJECTIVE Correlation of BMI among children and adolescents in Banjaluka region (Bosnia and Herzegovina and parental age, BMI, parents’ educational level and occupation, as well as the number of family members were investigated as the possible determinants of overweight and obesity in childhood. METHOD The study included 1204 children and adolescents (578 males, 626 females, 6-17 years old from primary and secondary schools in the Banjaluka region. BMI was calculated from height and weight using the standard formula. Each subject along with his parents answered the questionnaire that contained information about parents’ height and weight, educational level and occupation, as well as the number of family members. RESULTS In all studied children, the prevalence of overweight was 12.2% and of obesity 6.1%. Strong positive correlation was found between parental BMI and age (older than 40 years in males and females (p<0.001, while parental higher BMI and higher educational level had positive correlation only in males (p<0.001. The number of family members showed negative correlation with overweight/obesity only in females. CONCLUSION The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children’s population in the Banjaluka region is 12.2% and 6.1%, respectively. There is a positive correlation of overweight and obesity in children with parental overweight and obesity, as well as older age, and parental higher educational level.

  12. The genetic diversity and structure of 18 sheep breeds exposed to isolation and selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ćurković, M; Ramljak, J; Ivanković, S; Mioč, B; Ivanković, A; Pavić, V; Brka, M; Veit-Kensch, C; Medugorac, I

    2016-02-01

    The phylogenetic layout of the genotyped (30 microsatellite) 18 sheep breeds in this study demands and provides the opportunity to evaluate both neutral and adaptive components of genetic diversity in a naturally and artificially selected and subdivided sheep population. Seven Pramenka strains from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia characterized by a very low intensity of artificial selection, preserved the highest neutral genetic variability. Eight central and north-western European breeds under considerable artificial isolation and selection preserved the lowest genetic variability. Only combinations of various phylogenetic parameters offer a reasonable explanation for underlying evolutionary forces working in the investigated island and mainland sheep breeds under variable natural and artificial selection. More than 60% of total genetic, diversity was allocated to virtually unselected Pramenka strains, and an additional 25% to native moderately selected Graue Gehoernte Heidschnucke and intensively selected Ostfriesische Milchschafe. Some economically very important breeds and strains did not contribute to a pool with maximal genetic diversity, while they play an important role in the cultural heritage of respective countries.

  13. NATO, From Berlin to Bosnia. Trans-Atlantic Security in Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    since the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989-described at the time by a NATO officer as "the bonfire of the certainties" events in Europe have...of the Berlin Wall through the first use of NATO forces in combat in Bosnia in 1994, NATO has found itself in a race to keep up with these dramatic changes in the trans-Atlantic security environment.

  14. Molecular detection and prevalence of Theileria equi and Babesia caballi in horses of central Balkan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davitkov, Darko; Vucicevic, Milos; Stevanovic, Jevrosima; Krstic, Vanja; Slijepcevic, Dajana; Glavinic, Uros; Stanimirovic, Zoran

    2016-03-01

    Equine piroplasmosis is significant tick-borne disease with wide distribution. The prevalence of equine piroplasmosis in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina is unknown. In aim to obtain a first insight into the prevalence we performed molecular epidemiological study which included 142 horses, on seven locations in these three countries. We first performed PCR for the detection of a 450bp long section of the 18S rRNA of piroplasma-specific region. For all positive samples we have done multiplex PCR for the species detection. Species determination was further confirmed by sequencing PCR products of 10 randomly selected Theileria equi and all Babesia caballi samples. The overall prevalence rates in analysed region for T. equi and B. caballi were 22.5% and 2.1%, respectively. Possible risk factors (such as location, age, sex and activity) associated with PCR positivity were evaluated. Marked differences were found in prevalence between geographic areas. There was no significant association between positivity and age group. T. equi was more prevalent in females and farming horses. This is the first report on the molecular survey of T. equi and B. caballi in central Balkan. Further prevalence studies on definitive host and vectors in this region are necessary.

  15. Sustainable development, clean technology and knowledge from industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sokolović Slobodan M.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Clean technology or clean production is the most important factor for the economic growth of a society and it will play the main role not only in the area of cleaner production, but also in sustainable development. The development of clean technology will be the main factor of the company’s strategy in the future. Each company, which wants to reach the competitive position at the market and wants to be environmentally friendly, has to accept the new approach in corporate management and the strategy of new clean technology. The main principles of clean technology are based on the concept of maximum resource and energy productivity and virtually no waste. This approach may be limited by human resources and the level of their environmental knowledge. Companies are committed to the development of the workers’ skills, and thus to the improvement of the company for the full implementation of the environmental legislation and clean production concept. Based on this commitment, one of Tempus projects is designed to improve the university-enterprise cooperation in the process of creating sustainable industry in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. To achieve this goal, partner universities will create special courses on sustainable industry and thus enhance the lifelong learning process and cooperation between industry and universities in the Western Balkan countries.

  16. The sirac - contribution to the technology knowledge, composition and quality

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    Sonja Bijelac

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The Sirac is traditional cheese of Bosnia and Herzegovina, produced in the area of Tomislavgrad town. The taste is mild and moderately salty. It is consumed fresh, immediately upon production, or matured, after ripening. The technology is specific and according to that the Sirac can be classified as acid coagulated cheese. Milk proteins are coagulated by use of high temperature and acidity without adding of rennet. The aim of the work was to investigate traditional technology of the Sirac in small village households and to establish an optimal technology in order to apply it to industrial production. For this purpose, a ten tries in laboratory condition were done. The chemical composition of cheese milk, whey, fresh and ripened cheese was determined. During experiments all steps in technological process were followed. Special attention was paid to temperature and acidity of milk coagulation, draining of whey and pressing. Cheese was sensory evaluated after ripening period. The sensorial quality was good. Average score for all ten cheeses was 18.3 points and 5 samples were classified as extra and 5 as 1st class. The yield ranged from 12.25 to 17.76 % and showed that distribution of components to cheese was high. The analyses of whey confirmed this finding.

  17. FREE TRADE AND REGULATORY PROTECIONISM: NECESSITY, RELEVANCE AND INSTRUMENTS OF REGULATORY LIBERALIZATION

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    Nenad Pandurević

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In spite of strong resistence,international trade becomes frier of any kind ofbarriers. Both by multilateral and regional andbilateral preferencial trade arrangements, tariffs asmost direct barrier to free trade have been alreadyeliminated on most products or considerablylowered there where they exist. Non-tariff barriersare, as a rule, directly in contrast to rules andprinciples of international trade and as such theyare subject to continuous surveillance andelimination. In such situation, technical barriers, ortehnical regulations and standards as well asproduct conformity assessement remain a centralbarrier to international trade. Although tehnicalregulations are about making market moreefficient, they also create additional costs tointernational trade. However, contrary to otherbarriers to trade, their elimination is not possible incontemporary state of international political andeconomic relations. Thus, diminishing theirnegative impact is one of the greatest challenges ininternational trade.By free trade agreements with countries fromthe region, EU and Turkey, Bosnia andHerzegovina liberalised most of its internationalexchange in form of elimination or reduction oftarriffs and quantitative restrictions on mostproducts. However, due to nonconformity oftechnical regulations as well as inadequateinfrastructure in this field, in the first place withEuropean requirements, BiH has not yet realisedall potential deriving form free trade.

  18. Energy in the western Balkans - the path to reform and reconstruction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-06-15

    The Western Balkans - composed of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo - is a complex region facing significant energy challenges. The conflicts over the break-up of the former Yugoslavia damaged much of the energy infrastructure and compounded the challenge of providing reliable energy supply. Electricity systems in many parts of the region remain fragile and in need of investment. A priority across the region is to put into place the institutions, infrastructure and policies that can support the provision of reliable, affordable and sustainable energy. For the Western Balkans as a whole, a key element of the reform effort is the Energy Community Treaty - a regulatory and market framework to which the entire region has now subscribed. This Treaty aims to create an integrated regional market for electricity and gas compatible with the European Union's internal energy market. This Energy Policy Survey is the first comprehensive review of energy policies and strategies in the Western Balkan region, and also covers important cross-cutting topics such as co-operation and energy trade, oil and gas transportation, and the links between energy and poverty. It identifies and assesses the reforms that are still needed to deliver efficient, modernised energy systems that can assist economic development, address energy poverty and reduce the environmental impacts of energy use.

  19. Preduzetničko Okruženje i Konkurentnost u Bih i Srbiji / Business Environment and Competitiveness in Bih and Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mićić Jelena

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina together with Serbia shows the poor economic performance compared to neighbor countries, while the European average remains a remote and largely unattainable category. The reasons for this unsatisfactory situation are many, and this paper aims to highlight the entrepreneurial aspect of the economic dynamics of these countries compared to the world, European and regional average. We will use comparative, statistical, dynamical and cognitive analysis and synthesis in order to get better insight into the causes of our current situation, as well as recognizing the potential comparative advantages. Through presentation of the BiH and Serbia position in the Reports of the World Economic Forum in relation to the weighted averages of the world, Europe and the region, and further through the analysis of the basic parameters of competitiveness and detailed analysis of business environment indicators we will reach important conclusions about the most important shortcomings and potential advantages of entrepreneurship in BiH and Serbia. These results should be kept in mind while creating future economic measures, and they have considerable usable value for current and future entrepreneurs.

  20. Bilateral Trade and SEE–Eurozone Countries Growth Rate Alignment

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    Valerija Botrić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to explore the role of trade in aligning the synchronisation patterns between the South Eastern European (see countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, FYR of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia – and members of the euro area. More precisely, we investigate whether bilateral trade flows affect output synchronisation between the euro area countries and see countries and compare trade-synchronisation patterns between the see countries and new member states that have not yet introduced the euro (NMS. The results show that the levels of output similarities between the see countries and NMS are different and that the see countries exhibit lower output correlation with the euro area members than the NMS. Exploring the role of trade in aligning growth patterns has in some cases found positive effects, much stronger for the see countries, which have lower trade intensity levels. We argue that the reason for these results is related to the fact that other factors could be dominant in the NMS countries (policy measures alignment within the EU, while for the see countries only trade relationships had the opportunity to exert noticeable effects in the analysed period.

  1. Climate Data Homogenization and its Impact on Heatwave Changes in the Eastern Mediterranean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuglitsch, F. G.; Toreti, A.; Xoplaki, E.; Della-Marta, P. M.; Zerefos, C. S.; Turkes, M.; Luterbacher, J.

    2010-12-01

    Heatwaves have discernible impacts on mortality and morbidity, infrastructure, agricultural resources, the retail industry, ecosystem and tourism and consequently affect human societies. A new definition of socially relevant heatwaves is presented and applied to new data sets of high-quality homogenized daily maximum and minimum summer air temperature series from 246 stations in the eastern Mediterranean region (including Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey). Changes in heatwave number, length and intensity between 1960 and 2006 are quantified before and after data homogenization. Daily temperature homogeneity analyses suggest that many instrumental measurements in the 1960s are warm-biased, correcting for these biases regionally averaged heatwave trends are up to 8% higher. We find significant changes across the western Balkans, southwestern and western Turkey, and along the southern Black Sea coastline. Since the 1960s, the mean heatwave intensity, heatwave length and heatwave number across the eastern Mediterranean region have increased by a factor of 7.6 ± 1.3, 7.5 ± 1.3 and 6.2 ± 1.1, respectively. These findings suggest that the heatwave increase in this region is higher than previously reported.

  2. Benchmarking an operational procedure for rapid flood mapping and risk assessment in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dottori, Francesco; Salamon, Peter; Kalas, Milan; Bianchi, Alessandra; Feyen, Luc

    2016-04-01

    The development of real-time methods for rapid flood mapping and risk assessment is crucial to improve emergency response and mitigate flood impacts. This work describes the benchmarking of an operational procedure for rapid flood risk assessment based on the flood predictions issued by the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS). The daily forecasts produced for the major European river networks are translated into event-based flood hazard maps using a large map catalogue derived from high-resolution hydrodynamic simulations, based on the hydro-meteorological dataset of EFAS. Flood hazard maps are then combined with exposure and vulnerability information, and the impacts of the forecasted flood events are evaluated in near real-time in terms of flood prone areas, potential economic damage, affected population, infrastructures and cities. An extensive testing of the operational procedure is carried out using the catastrophic floods of May 2014 in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. The reliability of the flood mapping methodology is tested against satellite-derived flood footprints, while ground-based estimations of economic damage and affected population is compared against modelled estimates. We evaluated the skill of flood hazard and risk estimations derived from EFAS flood forecasts with different lead times and combinations. The assessment includes a comparison of several alternative approaches to produce and present the information content, in order to meet the requests of EFAS users. The tests provided good results and showed the potential of the developed real-time operational procedure in helping emergency response and management.

  3. In vitro effects of pollutants from particulate and volatile fractions of air samples-day and night variability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novák, Jiří; Giesy, John P; Klánová, Jana; Hilscherová, Klára

    2013-09-01

    Chemicals in air were characterized for potential interference with signaling of estrogen, androgen, and arylhydrocarbon (AhR) receptors, which are known to play an important role in endocrine-disruptive changes in vivo. Previously, effects of this type have been studied mainly in particulate matter in the ambient air from various localities. In this study, both volatile and particulate fractions of air from three sites in Banja Luka region (Bosnia and Herzegovina) were investigated to describe the distribution of endocrine-disrupting contaminants on a small spatial scale. Circadian variability of air pollution was investigated by collecting samples during both day and night. Air samples collected from urban localities at night were more potent in producing the AhR-mediated effects than those collected during daytime. This trend was not observed at the reference rural location. None of the samples showed significant estrogenic or androgenic activity. On the other hand, anti-androgenicity was detected in both particulate and vapor phases, while anti-estrogenicity was detected only in the particulate fraction of air from all localities. The AhR-mediated potencies of samples were associated primarily with non-persistent compounds. Based on the concentrations of 28 individual compounds, PAHs accounted for approximately 30 % of the AhR-mediated potency determined by the bioassay. The results show that there can be a significant difference between levels of bioactive compounds in air between daytime and nighttime.

  4. Misunderstanding the Other and Shy Signs of Openness: Discourse on the 1992-1995 War in the Current Bosniak and Bosnian Serb Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Janíčko

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with how the 1990s civil war in Bosnia and Herzegovina was represented in the media that currently remain influential among Bosniaks and Bosnian Serbs. Critical discourse analysis is used both as a theoretical approach to discourse and as a methodological tool for its study. In the analysis, the civil war discourse in Bosniak and Bosnian Serb media is represented by two daily newspapers on each side. The analysis reveals mutually incompatible representations of the causes and nature of the war, the prevailing absence of dialogue, and the unwillingness of each side to consider the other side’s war victims. Looking at more specific topics, a number of discourses are identified on both sides, among which some present the potential for dialogue with alternative representations. The discourses are interpreted through Bosniak and Bosnian Serb nationalist ideologies. The findings might support further research on the relation between the media and nationalism and on the ongoing Bosnian political dispute concerning the desired nature of the state.

  5. FINANCIAL LITERACY AND RESULTANT STABILITY OF THE FINANCIAL SYSTEM

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    Novo Plakalović

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the author of this paper isto show the relationship between the level of financialresponsibility of individuals and of companymanagers and the stability of financial markets, assetmarkets and the stability of the financial system as awhole. In Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H after the1992-1995 conflict, there was a large influx offunding into the local economy both from the fields ofFDI (Foreign Direct Investment and bilateral andunilateral aid. Many people in BH were keen toaccess loans in a seemingly cash-rich economy, butwere ill-prepared in the fields of financial borrowingand handling debt properly. Subsequently theyexperienced difficulties in servicing obligations andthe loan portfolio of banks has deteriorated. Thus theonset of the financial crisis has brought somethingpositive. Borrowing in B&H dropped, but problemsservicing existing loans rose. The situation has notyet become problematic but banking sector shortfallstend to manifest themselves between 12-18 monthsafter the event. The author believes that a moreserious approach to financial responsibility at microlevelsis necessary for the national economic good.

  6. Financial services liberalization and international integration in South Eastern Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prica Ivana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The first part of this paper analyses the regulatory framework for international trade in financial services within the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO, with special attention paid to the open issues including the scope of prudential measures and capital mobility limitations. The process of the international integration of the South Eastern Europe (SEE countries is mainly dictated by their goal of EU integration. With regard to the services' sectors, a major liberalization step on the way is WTO accession. Of the countries in the region only Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro are still not WTO members and in order to become members significant liberalization commitments will be demanded of them. For this reason the second part of the paper deals with concrete financial liberalization commitments undertaken by the original WTO members in SEE and the newly WTO acceded SEE member countries. The last part of the paper provides a quantitative analysis of these commitments by means of the measurement of liberalization indices in the banking sectors in SEE countries. This is to provide a general idea of the scope of liberalization that may be required from a SEE country in order to achieve WTO membership on the road to EU integration.

  7. The comparison of phenotypic characteristics of current varieties and wild species of Fragaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skender Azra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare the major pomological and antioxidant properties of fruits which are comparatively studied in wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca L., taken from natural habitats and commercially important varieties that are grown in the Una - Sana Canton (Bosnia and Herzegovina: Marmolada, Clery, Maya, Arosa and Elsanta. The aim was also to point out the potential superiority of the wild forms, how rich they are in vitamin C, phenol and anthocyanin, in order to be considered as a potential source of natural antioxidants. The results of analyzing the contents of vitamin C and the total phenols of fruit indicate that a wild strawberry has significantly higher antioxidant content of these components than all the commercial varieties tested. The content of vitamin C in fruits of a wild strawberry was 72 mg/100g and the phenol content 94.8 mg/100g. Their inclusion in breeding programs can provide significant potential to create varieties which will possess a better fruit quality with a higher content of antioxidant components. A wild strawberry is a significant genetic potential of particular importance for conservation and biodiversity of certain areas, as well as for the selection and breeding of cultivated fruit trees. The highest content of the total anthocyanin of fruit is registered in Marmolada (134.7 mg/100g.

  8. La Macroregione Adriatico-Ionica: passato e presente – Eventi, problematiche e testimonianze, per costruire un futuro migliore (The Adriatic-Ionian Macro-Region, Past and Present, Events, Problems and Witness for the Construction of a Better Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Paula DOBRESCU

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available he Adriatic-Ionian region (EUSAIR covers an outstanding area of maritime countries, of which four are member states of the European Union (Italy, Slovenia, Croatia and Greece and four non-members (Albania, Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina. It is a crossroad meeting place of peoples, religions and cultures that are often at loggerheads, sometimes on speaking terms. Religion has contributed to widening the division. However, in the last decades progress has been made towards an inter-religious dialogue. The lessons of the remote past and recent times have brought home the need to strengthen relations, to extend friendship, to prepare to defend the common values of liberty, peace and justice. The problems in the Balkans, but also those world-wide, need a positive and coherent approach. Prosperity, security and harmony of the various ethnic- religious components in the macro-region must develop peacefully. Unfortunately, the threat of war and hatred are destabilizing many parts of the world and every religion is called upon to defend peace. It is time for the individual illuminated voices to be supported by the body of the people of God, that is, God, the common father of all men who has given humanity the great gift of choosing between Good and Evil.

  9. Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of Mentha longifolia (L. Huds. essential oil

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    Haris Nikšić

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Present study describes the antimicrobial activity and free radical scavenging capacity (RSC of essential oil from Mentha longifolia (L. Huds. Aim of this study to investigate the quality, antimicrobial andantioxidant activity of wild species Mentha longifolia essential oil from Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: The chemical profi le of essential oil was evaluated by the means of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS and thin-layer chromatography (TLC. Antimicrobial activity was tested against 6bacterial strains. RSC was assessed by measuring the scavenging activity of essential oils on 2,2- diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH.Results: The main constituents of the essential oil of M. longifoliae folium were oxygenated monoterpenes,piperitone oxide (63.58% and 1,8-cineole (12.03%. Essential oil exhibited very strong antibacterial activity.The most important antibacterial activity essential oil was expressed on Gram negative strains: Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aerginosa and Salmonella enterica. subsp.enterica serotype ABONY. Antioxidant activity was evaluated as a RSC. Investigated essential oil was able to reduce DPPH radicals into the neutral DPPHH form (IC50=10.5 μg/ml and this activity was dose –dependent.Conclusion: The study revealed signifi cant antimicrobial activity of the investigated essential oil. The examined oil exhibited high RSC, which was found to be in correlation to the content of mainly monoterpeneketones and aldehydes. These results indicate that essential oils could serve as safe antioxidant and antiseptic supplements in pharmaceuticals.

  10. The Role of Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Lifestyle of Consumers in Determinig Buying Tendency

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    Ana Slišković

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was based on a three-dimensional conceptualization of the buying tendency stemming from cognitive and affective impulsivity and susceptibility to the situational factors of buying. The aim of the study was to examine the relationships of different dimensions of buying tendency to basic socio-demographic characteristics and lifestyles of consumers. The study was conducted using a survey on a sample of 194 respondents from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The obtained results indicate greater levels of cognitive and affective buying impulsivity in women compared to men, with no gender differences identified in the susceptibility to buying situational factors. Furthermore, significant effects were obtained by the level of total monthly family income of respondents in all dimensions of buying tendency, while the level of respondents' monthly income had a significant effect only on cognitive impulsivity. Employment status and education level had no significant effect on the buying tendency. Among the four studied consumers’ lifestyles (innovative, family, social and leadership oriented, innovatively oriented lifestyle has the strongest correlation to all three dimensions of buying tendency. In other words, innovatively oriented subjects are more prone to impulsive buying and susceptible to buying situational factors. In addition to the innovative orientation lifestyle, impulsive buying was also associated with the leadership orientation, but to a lesser extent. Susceptibility to buying situational factors was associated with all lifestyle orientations, apart from the family orientation.

  11. SEE IT, LIKE IT, BUY IT! HEDONIC SHOPPING MOTIVATIONS AND IMPULSE BUYING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasim Tatić

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of six broad categories of hedonic shopping motivations(adventure,gratification,role, value, social, and idea shopping and fashion consciousness on consumers’ impulse buying behavior. The online questionnaire wascreated using LimeSurvey, a web based questionnaire generator tool. An online questionnaire was directed to a sample of 500 individuals in Bosnia and Herzegovina, using nonprobability convenience sampling method. A total of 224 participants completed the questionnaire, which corresponds to the response rate of 44.8 percent. The surveyinstrument used in this study was designed using scales that were already validated in the previous research. The results indicated that impulse buying behavior was significantly related to adventure,gratification, value and idea shopping motivations. Nevertheless, roleshopping, social shopping and fashion consciousness were found not significantly related to impulse buying behavior. The findings of this study can help retailers to gain a useful insight into theshopping motivations that trigger impulse buying behavior. A focus onadventure, entertainment, excitement and sales may be an effectiveretailing strategy to stimulate impulse buying behavior. There are some of limitations in this study worthy of improvement and leads for future studies. A more random sampling method, sampling from different geographic locations and replication of this study in the context of other product categories are necessary to ensure reliablegeneralizability.

  12. National costumes of the Ivanjica region - Kušici , Deretin, Maskova and Ravna Gora

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    Ivanović-Barišić Milina M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available National costumes in the villages: Kusici, Deretin, Maskova and Ravna Gora, belong to the old Vlach style, worn in all areas of the Ivanjica region. The inhabitants of this region are mainly migrants from the so-called Dinara region. In its basic characteristics the costume is similar to that of the Dinara region with additions imposed through time, by the new environment, and later influences from outside. Regardless of the relative isolation and lack of connection in communication between the investigated territories and other regions, change penetrated even this area and was reflected not only in daily life but also in the adoption of new, or abandoned old, pieces of dress for practical or functional reasons. Some dress pieces, particularly from the older costume at end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, are recognizable in the dress of Montenegro, Herzegovina and early Bosnia from where the greater number of the inhabitants originate. The oldest pieces of costume are very similar to those in the place of origin e.g. male and female shirts, female waistcoats, gunj, aljina, red cap, male fez with shawl, zubun, pelengiri, kabanica. After the First World War the so-called Šumadija costume (anterija, fermen became the national costume of this region. The facts indicate that this national costume, in villages of the Ivanjica region, had practically disappeared in the nineties of the 20th century, "Old" dress disappeared under the pressure of industrial, uncontrolled production.

  13. Cytogenetics findings at Turner Syndrome and their correlation with clinical findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catović, Amra

    2005-08-01

    Turner Syndrome is a genetic condition in females that results from an abnormal chromosome. One of the X chromosomes is missing or misshapen in the most cells of the body. Three classics clinical symptoms of the syndrome are: incomplete sexual maturation, short stature and pterygium colli. Turner Syndrome is diagnosed by karyotyping. In the retrospective study for a twelve years period (1991-2002) correlation between clinical and cytogenetics findings was established in our Center among 47 examinees from all parts of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, who had suspect clinical diagnosis of Turner Syndrome. The syndrome was demonstrated by cytogenetics examinations in 30(63,8%) examinees and excluded in 17 (36,2%) examinees. The most frequent karyotype is monosomy of X chromosome (45,X) found at 63,3%, than isochromosome of Xq (46,XisoXq) found at 16,7%, mosaic form (46,XX/45,X) and deletion of Xp (46,XdelXp) both at 6,7%, than deletion of Xq (46,XdelXq) and ring of Xp (46,XX/46,XringXp) both at 3,3%. Our results suggest that promptly and exactly diagnosis of Turner syndrome is very important due to introducing growth hormone therapy and estrogen therapy at a very young age.

  14. Exploring Musical Activities and Their Relationship to Emotional Well-Being in Elderly People across Europe: A Study Protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grau-Sánchez, Jennifer; Foley, Meabh; Hlavová, Renata; Muukkonen, Ilkka; Ojinaga-Alfageme, Olatz; Radukic, Andrijana; Spindler, Melanie; Hundevad, Bodil

    2017-01-01

    Music is a powerful, pleasurable stimulus that can induce positive feelings and can therefore be used for emotional self-regulation. Musical activities such as listening to music, playing an instrument, singing or dancing are also an important source for social contact, promoting interaction and the sense of belonging with others. Recent evidence has suggested that after retirement, other functions of music, such as self-conceptual processing related to autobiographical memories, become more salient. However, few studies have addressed the meaningfulness of music in the elderly. This study aims to investigate elderly people’s habits and preferences related to music, study the role music plays in their everyday life, and explore the relationship between musical activities and emotional well-being across different countries of Europe. A survey will be administered to elderly people over the age of 65 from five different European countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Czechia, Germany, Ireland, and UK) and to a control group. Participants in both groups will be asked about basic sociodemographic information, habits and preferences in their participation in musical activities and emotional well-being. Overall, the aim of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of the role of music in the elderly from a psychological perspective. This advanced knowledge could help to develop therapeutic applications, such as musical recreational programs for healthy older people or elderly in residential care, which are better able to meet their emotional and social needs. PMID:28373851

  15. Diversity and antibiotic susceptibility of autochthonous dairy enterococci isolates: Are they safe candidates for autochthonous starter cultures?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amarela eTerzić-Vidojević

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Enterococci represent the most controversial group of dairy bacteria. They are found to be the main constituent of many traditional Mediterranean dairy products and contribute to their characteristic taste and flavor. On the other hand, during the last 50 years antibiotic-resistant enterococci have emerged as leading causes of nosocomial infections worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the diversity, technological properties, antibiotic susceptibility and virulence traits of 636 enterococci previously isolated from 55 artisan dairy products from 12 locations in the Western Balkan countries of Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. All strains were identified both by microbiological and molecular methods. The predominant species was Enterococcus durans, followed by E. faecalis and E. faecium. Over 44% of the isolates were resistant to ciprofloxacin and erythromycin, while 26.2% of the isolates were multi-resistant to three or more antibiotics belonging to different families. 185 isolates (29.1% were susceptible to all 13 of the antibiotics tested. The antibiotic-susceptible isolates were further tested for possible virulence genes and the production of biogenic amines. Finally, five enterococci isolates were found to be antibiotic susceptible with good technological characteristics and without virulence traits or the ability to produce biogenic amines, making them possible candidates for biotechnological application as starter cultures in the dairy industry.

  16. THE INTERNAL CAPITAL ADEQUACY ASSESSMENT PROCESS – ICAAP (regulation, assessment of risk profile and specific risk positions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjin Bogdan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The internal capital adequacyassessment process - ICAAP, describes whether thebank's risk profile and capital are consistent withthe requirements of regulators and the bankinternal estimates. ICAAP unifies business strategyand risk management strategy by ensuring that thebank can at any time identify inherent risks, whilecomparing them with the internally set limits andlevels of capital for its coverage, all in order tomaintain profitability and solvency of the bank. Therole of supervisors in the ICAAP process is toevaluate the capital adequacy and the quality of therisk management in banks starting from the specificrisk profile of the bank and the principle ofproportionality and to draw conclusions about theadequacy of the bank’s capital after review of itsbusiness. Implementation and use of the ICAAP is acomplex process and executive officers in banks,especially the top management, should be in chargeof its implementation. ICAAP implementation inBosnia and Herzegovina (BiH will be based onstandard models of Basel 2 and the basic models ofestimates of capital needed to cover other riskareas, while the largest amounts of allocatedcapital will be related to coverage of the credit riskand the concentration risk.

  17. Standing at the gateway to Europe--the genetic structure of Western balkan populations based on autosomal and haploid markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovacevic, Lejla; Tambets, Kristiina; Ilumäe, Anne-Mai; Kushniarevich, Alena; Yunusbayev, Bayazit; Solnik, Anu; Bego, Tamer; Primorac, Dragan; Skaro, Vedrana; Leskovac, Andreja; Jakovski, Zlatko; Drobnic, Katja; Tolk, Helle-Viivi; Kovacevic, Sandra; Rudan, Pavao; Metspalu, Ene; Marjanovic, Damir

    2014-01-01

    Contemporary inhabitants of the Balkan Peninsula belong to several ethnic groups of diverse cultural background. In this study, three ethnic groups from Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bosniacs, Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Serbs - as well as the populations of Serbians, Croatians, Macedonians from the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegrins and Kosovars have been characterized for the genetic variation of 660 000 genome-wide autosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms and for haploid markers. New autosomal data of the 70 individuals together with previously published data of 20 individuals from the populations of the Western Balkan region in a context of 695 samples of global range have been analysed. Comparison of the variation data of autosomal and haploid lineages of the studied Western Balkan populations reveals a concordance of the data in both sets and the genetic uniformity of the studied populations, especially of Western South-Slavic speakers. The genetic variation of Western Balkan populations reveals the continuity between the Middle East and Europe via the Balkan region and supports the scenario that one of the major routes of ancient gene flows and admixture went through the Balkan Peninsula.

  18. DEVELOPMENT OF FINE MOTOR COORDINATION AND VISUAL-MOTOR INTEGRATION IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haris MEMISEVIC

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Fine motor skills are prerequisite for many everyday activities and they are a good predictor of a child's later academic outcome. The goal of the present study was to assess the effects of age on the development of fine motor coordination and visual-motor integration in preschool children. The sample for this study consisted of 276 preschool children from Canton Sara­jevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. We assessed children's motor skills with Beery Visual Motor Integration Test and Lafayette Pegboard Test. Data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA, followed by planned com­parisons between the age groups. We also performed a regression analysis to assess the influence of age and motor coordination on visual-motor integration. The results showed that age has a great effect on the development of fine motor skills. Furthermore, the results indicated that there are possible sensitive periods at preschool age in which the development of fine motor skills is accelerated. Early intervention specialists should make a thorough evaluations of fine motor skills in preschool children and make motor (rehabilitation programs for children at risk of fine motor delays.

  19. Understanding the Impact of ‘Hard’ and ‘Soft’ Elements of TQM in South-East European Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imeri Shpend

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The study emphasizes on the understanding of the impact of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ elements of TQM in South-Eastern European (SEE firms in Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Greece, Macedonia, Montenegr, Serbia and Romania. Thus, 350 questionnaires were collected out of 1000. From different industry sectors in order to have reliable statistical measurements of the ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ side of TQM. Hence, this study adopts an exploratory rather than a confirmatory research approach. This approach seeks not only to investigate firms’ awareness and perception to TQM but also explores to what extent are firms’ familiar with TQM tools techniques, and systems as well as TQM philosophies and principles. Therefore, it can be noted TQM is this SEE firms is neither resisted nor directly accepted, rather they tend to see it from a technical aspect, being familiar and understanding only the essential of its ‘hard’ elements and less the ‘soft’ elements.

  20. Desiccation and Mortality Dynamics in Seedlings of Different European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Populations under Extreme Drought Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolte, Andreas; Czajkowski, Tomasz; Cocozza, Claudia; Tognetti, Roberto; de Miguel, Marina; Pšidová, Eva; Ditmarová, Ĺubica; Dinca, Lucian; Delzon, Sylvain; Cochard, Hervè; Ræbild, Anders; de Luis, Martin; Cvjetkovic, Branislav; Heiri, Caroline; Müller, Jürgen

    2016-01-01

    European beech (Fagus sylvatica L., hereafter beech), one of the major native tree species in Europe, is known to be drought sensitive. Thus, the identification of critical thresholds of drought impact intensity and duration are of high interest for assessing the adaptive potential of European beech to climate change in its native range. In a common garden experiment with one-year-old seedlings originating from central and marginal origins in six European countries (Denmark, Germany, France, Romania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Spain), we applied extreme drought stress and observed desiccation and mortality processes among the different populations and related them to plant water status (predawn water potential, ΨPD) and soil hydraulic traits. For the lethal drought assessment, we used a critical threshold of soil water availability that is reached when 50% mortality in seedling populations occurs (LD50SWA). We found significant population differences in LD50SWA (10.5-17.8%), and mortality dynamics that suggest a genetic difference in drought resistance between populations. The LD50SWA values correlate significantly with the mean growing season precipitation at population origins, but not with the geographic margins of beech range. Thus, beech range marginality may be more due to climatic conditions than to geographic range. The outcome of this study suggests the genetic variation has a major influence on the varying adaptive potential of the investigated populations.

  1. Desiccation and Mortality Dynamics in Seedlings of Different European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Populations under Extreme Drought Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolte, Andreas; Czajkowski, Tomasz; Cocozza, Claudia; Tognetti, Roberto; de Miguel, Marina; Pšidová, Eva; Ditmarová, Ĺubica; Dinca, Lucian; Delzon, Sylvain; Cochard, Hervè; Ræbild, Anders; de Luis, Martin; Cvjetkovic, Branislav; Heiri, Caroline; Müller, Jürgen

    2016-01-01

    European beech (Fagus sylvatica L., hereafter beech), one of the major native tree species in Europe, is known to be drought sensitive. Thus, the identification of critical thresholds of drought impact intensity and duration are of high interest for assessing the adaptive potential of European beech to climate change in its native range. In a common garden experiment with one-year-old seedlings originating from central and marginal origins in six European countries (Denmark, Germany, France, Romania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Spain), we applied extreme drought stress and observed desiccation and mortality processes among the different populations and related them to plant water status (predawn water potential, ΨPD) and soil hydraulic traits. For the lethal drought assessment, we used a critical threshold of soil water availability that is reached when 50% mortality in seedling populations occurs (LD50SWA). We found significant population differences in LD50SWA (10.5–17.8%), and mortality dynamics that suggest a genetic difference in drought resistance between populations. The LD50SWA values correlate significantly with the mean growing season precipitation at population origins, but not with the geographic margins of beech range. Thus, beech range marginality may be more due to climatic conditions than to geographic range. The outcome of this study suggests the genetic variation has a major influence on the varying adaptive potential of the investigated populations. PMID:27379105

  2. The governance of coal ash pollution in post-socialist times: power and expectations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broto, V.C.; Carter, C.; Elghali, L. [Social & Economics Research Group, Farnham (United Kingdom)

    2009-07-01

    The coal energy sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) represents both a significant economic hope and a considerable environmental threat for the country. One of the major problems of the coal industry is the disposal of large amounts of coal combustion residues. RECOAL was an EU-supported project (2005-7) whose objective was to develop remediation solutions for coal ash disposal (CAD) sites in BiH. Most of RECOAL's environmental fieldwork was based around TEP in the municipality of Tuzla, one of the biggest thermo-electric power plants in the country. Qualitative research was carried out to understand the environmental governance structure of the area and inform and test the acceptance of different remediation solutions proposed by RECOAL. Interviews with institutional stakeholders showed a highly complex institutional structure, where government institutions and industry are involved in complicated negotiations about the distribution of the liabilities resulting from TEP's pollution. Interviews among local residents show that locally organised action could help steer the policy-making process towards more sustainable solutions.

  3. The AlpArray Seismic Network: current status and next steps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hetényi, György; Molinari, Irene; Clinton, John; Kissling, Edi

    2016-04-01

    The AlpArray initiative (http://www.alparray.ethz.ch) is a large-scale European collaboration to study the entire Alpine orogen at high resolution and in 3D with a large variety of geoscientific methods. The core element of the initiative is an extensive and dense broadband seismological network, the AlpArray Seismic Network (AASN), which complements the permanent seismological stations to ensure homogeneous coverage of the greater Alpine area. The some 260 temporary stations of the AlpArray Seismic Network are operated as a joint effort by a number of institutions from Austria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Slovakia and Switzerland. The first stations were installed in Spring 2015 and the full AASN is planned to be operational by early Summer 2016. In this poster we present the actual status of the deployment, the effort undertaken by the contributing groups, station performance, typical noise levels, best practices in installation as well as in data management, often encountered challenges, and planned next steps including the deployment of ocean bottom seismometers in the Ligurian Sea.

  4. The botanical macroremains from the prehistoric settlement Kalnik-Igrišče (NW Croatia in the context of current knowledge about cultivation and plant consumption in Croatia and neighboring countries during the Bronze Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Mareković

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of the first extensive archaeobotanical research into a Bronze Age site in Croatia. The aim of the study was to reveal what plants were consumed (grown at Kalnik-Igrišče (NW Croatia in the Bronze Age and to realize if the plant diet of the local population differed from that of the inhabitants in neighboring countries. The results show that all plant macrofossils found at Kalnik-Igrišče can be classified into one of four functional groups: cereals, cultivated legumes, useful trees and weeds. As much as 98% of the findings are of cereals and legumes. The most abundant species found are Panicum miliaceum (millet, Hordeum vulgare (barley, Vicia faba (faba bean, Triticum aestivum ssp. aestivum (bread wheat, Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccon (emmer wheat and Lens culinaris (lentils. The findings from Kalnik-Igrišče do not differ from the findings of neighboring countries, indicating that there were similar diets and agricultural/plant-collecting activities throughout the whole of the studied area (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia, Italy, Austria and Hungary.

  5. Formative research to optimize respondent-driven sampling surveys among hard-to-reach populations in HIV behavioral and biological surveillance: lessons learned from four case studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Lisa Grazina; Whitehead, Sara; Simic-Lawson, Milena; Kendall, Carl

    2010-06-01

    Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is widely adopted as a method to assess HIV and other sexually transmitted infection prevalence and risk factors among hard-to-reach populations. Failures to properly implement RDS in several settings could potentially have been avoided, had formative research been conducted. However, to date there is no published literature addressing the use of formative research in preparing for RDS studies. This paper uses examples from Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bangkok, Thailand; Podgorica, Montenegro; and St Vincent's and Grenadine Islands, Eastern Caribbean; among populations of men who have sex with men, female sex workers, and injecting drug users to describe how formative research was used to plan, implement, and predict outcomes of RDS surveys and to provide a template of RDS-specific questions for conducting formative research in preparation for RDS surveys. We outline case studies to illustrate how formative research may help researchers to determine whether RDS methodology is appropriate for a particular population and sociocultural context, and to decide on implementation details that lead to successful study outcomes.

  6. Risk factors for men's lifetime perpetration of physical violence against intimate partners: results from the international men and gender equality survey (IMAGES in eight countries.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul J Fleming

    Full Text Available This paper examines men's lifetime physical intimate partner violence (IPV perpetration across eight low- and middle-income countries to better understand key risk factors that interventions can target in order to promote gender equality and reduce IPV. We use data from men (n = 7806 that were collected as part of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, Croatia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, India, Mexico, and Rwanda. Results show that there is wide variation across countries for lifetime self-reported physical violence perpetration (range: 17% in Mexico to 45% in DRC, men's support for equal roles for men and women, and acceptability of violence against women. Across the sample, 31% of men report having perpetrated physical violence against a partner in their lifetime. In multivariate analyses examining risk factors for men ever perpetrating physical violence against a partner, witnessing parental violence was the strongest risk factor, reinforcing previous research suggesting the inter-generational transmission of violence. Additionally, having been involved in fights not specifically with an intimate partner, permissive attitudes towards violence against women, having inequitable gender attitudes, and older age were associated with a higher likelihood of ever perpetrating physical IPV. In separate analyses for each country, we found different patterns of risk factors in countries with high perpetration compared to countries with low perpetration. Findings are interpreted to identify key knowledge gaps and directions for future research, public policies, evaluation, and programming.

  7. The Bosnian version of the international self-report measure of posttraumatic stress disorder, the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, is reliable and valid in a variety of different adult samples affected by war

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosner Rita

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of the present study was to assess the internal consistency and discriminant and convergent validity of the Bosnian version of a self-report measure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (PTDS. The PTDS yields both a PTSD diagnosis according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition (DSM-IV and a measure of symptom severity. Methods 812 people living in Sarajevo or in Banja Luka in Bosnia-Herzegovina, of whom the majority had experienced a high number of traumatic war events, were administered the PTDS and other measures of trauma-related psychopathology. The psychometric properties of the instrument were assessed using Cronbach's alpha and principal components analysis, and its construct validity was assessed via Spearman correlation coefficients with the other instruments. Results The PTDS and its subscales demonstrated high internal consistency. The principal components revealed by an exploratory analysis are broadly consistent with the DSM-IV subscales except that they reproduce some previously reported difficulties with the "numbing" items from the avoidance subscale. The construct validity of the PTDS was supported by appropriate correlations with other relevant measures of trauma related psychopathology. Conclusion The Bosnian version of the PTDS thus appears to be a time-economic and psychometrically sound measure for screening and assessing current PTSD. This self-report measure awaits further validation by interview methods.

  8. Does Decentralisation Enhance a School's Role of Promoting Social Cohesion? Bosnian School Leaders' Perceptions of School Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komatsu, Taro

    2014-01-01

    This study seeks to understand whether and how decentralised school governance in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) enhances the schools' role of promoting social cohesion. This includes increasing "horizontal" trust among different ethnic groups and "vertical" trust between civilians and public institutes. The study examined…

  9. To Examine the Need for Creating a Civil Affairs Officer Basic Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    judicial system. Active and Reserve CA Units have also participated in the ongoing NATO peacekeeping operations in Bosnia -Herzegovina and Kosovo...approval of personnel standards and career path and growth data, specifically a promotion pyramid . I? Historically, Civil Affairs has received its officers

  10. THREATENED FISHES OF THE WORLD: Squalius svallize (HECKEL & KNER, 1858 (CYPRINIDAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikica Šprem

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Neretva chub Squalius svallize is an endemic vulnerable species, strictly protected in Croatia but not protected in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Populations are declining due to environmental degradation, dams, predators and poaching. A detailed study of current population status, biology and ecology of S. svalize is required.

  11. Serbisk nationalisme på historiens vinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Læssøe, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    and how and why it developed from visions of national coexistence before the death of Tito in 1980 to the first systematic ethnic cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1992. Especially two historic situations were used extensively in the nationalistic discourse: the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 and the Second...

  12. Creativity in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaspar, Drazena; Mabic, Mirela

    2015-01-01

    The paper presents results of research related to perception of creativity in higher education made by the authors at the University of Mostar from Bosnia and Herzegovina. This research was based on a survey conducted among teachers and students at the University. The authors developed two types of questionnaires, one for teachers and the other…

  13. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): Congressional Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-28

    International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, among others. 2 See...Foreign Relations Committee, July 8, 2002. 20 Letter from Daniel J. Bryan, Assistant Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice, to Senator Joseph...Arabia Bolivia * Jamaica Senegal * Bosnia & Herzegovina * Japan Serbia* Botswana * Jordan Seychelles Brazil * Kazakhstan * Sierra Leone Brunei Darussalam

  14. World financial crisis as an indicator of a systemic discrimination of migrants: Migrant construction workers in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojić-Mitrović Marta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available World financial crisis can be viewed as bringing about insights into some characteristics of our social, political and economic systems. The case of migrant construction workers from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia working in Slovenia, fired in the name of the financial crisis, undoubtedly calls attention to the existence of systemic discrimination which is based on nationality.

  15. Managing Postsocialist Transitions: Politicized Sense Making as a Facilitator of Organizational Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiplic, Dijana

    2011-01-01

    This study explores what organizational strategies are employed to initiate and facilitate organizational change in higher education institutions in the increasingly complex and competitive postsocialist environment of Bosnia-Herzegovina. By studying organizations trapped between their inert socialist-era legacies and desired organizational…

  16. If women are left out of peace talks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorana Mlinarević

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The exclusion of women from the process of making peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina has diminished the prospects for sustainable peace. When will we learn that no peace can be sustainable and just without the active and meaningful participation of women?

  17. Inclusive School Is (Not) Possible--Pupil's Voice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlovic, Slavica

    2016-01-01

    Inclusive education has been the focus of a number of research studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, most of the research was based on the teachers and to a lesser extent on parents' attitudes towards inclusive education, while pupils' views and voice were mainly neglected. The core of this paper is survey research on primary school pupils'…

  18. SNAGE I SLABOSTI FRANŠIZNOG POSLOVANJA SA OSVRTOM NA BOSNU I HERCEGOVINU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goran Pejaković

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the research is to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of a franchise business with a particular emphasis on the development of the franchise in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main goals of this paper are to identify the main obstacles in the development of the franchise in Bosnia and Herzegovina and recommendation of measures to improve this business model to take advantage of its great features. Franchising is a business model that is in most cases based on a win-win relationship between the franchisor and the franchisee. Because of this, franchise is a chance for permanent development of participants in franchising. The paper shows that the franchise is extremely popular and developed way of doing business in developing countries. This is reflected in the growing path of revenues, number of employees, number of franchise locations and participation in the GDP of business entities that apply the franchise mode of operation. Applying scientific methods of synthesis, induction and deduction, determined by numerous causes slow down the development of the franchise concept in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Taking into account the above, we can formulate a hypothesis in the following way: Non-stimulating business environment and inadequate knowledge of the franchise are key reasons for the inadequate development of the franchise business in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  19. Solar heat in former Yugoslavia; Sonnenwaerme fuer Balkanbewohner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frey, Martin

    2011-08-31

    In the former Yugoslavia, solar thermal power is still hardly used as the wars and their after-effects slowed down development. But there are hopeful prospects, e.g. in Bosnia-Herzegovina where training courses for solar fitters were held this year at Tuzla. There is also a technology park at Sarajevo which offers training, qualification and information.

  20. SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF THE "KONGORA" - TOMISLAVGRAD COAL FIELD (WEST HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Živković

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available According to it's energy potential »Kongora« coal field is very important source of energy. Coal strech, spreading and laying and proportion between coal and barren give good presumption for a rentabile surface exploitation. The coal analyses, specially analysis of sulphur content showed, that content of harm component on the update technology level is in permissible limits, and exploitation in thermal power plants will not destroy environment (the paper is published in Croatian.

  1. Balkan Vegetation Database

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vassilev, Kiril; Pedashenko, Hristo; Alexandrova, Alexandra; Tashev, Alexandar; Ganeva, Anna; Gavrilova, Anna; Gradevska, Asya; Assenov, Assen; Vitkova, Antonina; Grigorov, Borislav; Gussev, Chavdar; Filipova, Eva; Aneva, Ina; Knollová, Ilona; Nikolov, Ivaylo; Georgiev, Georgi; Gogushev, Georgi; Tinchev, Georgi; Pachedjieva, Kalina; Koev, Koycho; Lyubenova, Mariyana; Dimitrov, Marius; Apostolova-Stoyanova, Nadezhda; Velev, Nikolay; Zhelev, Petar; Glogov, Plamen; Natcheva, Rayna; Tzonev, Rossen; Boch, Steffen; Hennekens, Stephan M.; Georgiev, Stoyan; Stoyanov, Stoyan; Karakiev, Todor; Kalníková, Veronika; Shivarov, Veselin; Russakova, Veska; Vulchev, Vladimir

    2016-01-01

    The Balkan Vegetation Database (BVD; GIVD ID: EU-00-019; http://www.givd.info/ID/EU-00- 019) is a regional database that consists of phytosociological relevés from different vegetation types from six countries on the Balkan Peninsula (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Kosovo, Montenegro

  2. What can we do to support children who have been through war?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anica Mikuš Kos

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available This article documents reflections on four years of psychosocial support given to young refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina by members ofthe Center for Psychosocial Help to Refugees at the Slovene Foundation, Ljubljana. It suggests that the deleterious psychological impact of waron children is frequently exaggerated.

  3. Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Students Aged 13-15 Years in the South-Eastern Europe Health Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stojiljkovic, Djorde; Haralanova, Maria; Nikogosian, Haik; Petrea, Ionela; Chauvin, James; Warren, Charles W.; Jones, Nathan R.; Asma, Samira

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To examine adolescent tobacco use among members of the South-Eastern Europe (SEE) Health Network using data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). Methods: Nationally representative samples were drawn from students in grades associated with youth aged 13 to 15 in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Former…

  4. The July Crisis: Can You Stop the Great War? Grade 10 Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antilla, Madeline

    On June 28, 1914, while visiting Sarajevo in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian empire, was assassinated. The Austrian government blamed Serbia for harboring terrorists and sent the Serbian government an ultimatum with which that country found it impossible to comply. This set in motion a series of…

  5. METARHYOLITES OF VRANICA MOUNTAIN IN PALEOZOIC OF CENTRAL BOSNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Majer

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Metharyolites of Vranica mountain are roks of emphasized porphyritic texture containing phenocrysts of quartz, K.feldspar and very rarely albite. The groundmass is microcrystallinic, characterized by finegrained phengite, biotite and area consisting of granophyric intergrowths of quartz and feldspar. Accessory minerals are ilmenite, rutila, apatite, zircon and chlorite. Metarhyolites are peraulminous rocks (PI=1.-4.1 having dominantly potassium character (K2O/Na2O=1,3-13,8. Incompatible elements are enriched relative to the normalizing chondrite composition, pointing to the crustal origin of metarhyolite magma. Although phengites typically occur in high pressure rocks, it seems that phengites of metarhyolites of Vranica mountain belong to the seldom group of phengites occurring in the low to medium pressure rocks (the paper is published in Croatian.

  6. Il Basic Agreement tra la Santa Sede e la Bosnia- Erzegovina nel quadro delle dinamiche concordatarie ‘post-comuniste’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germana Carobene

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Contributo destinato alla pubblicazione negli Studi in onore del Professore Piero Pellegrino.SOMMARIO: 1. Considerazioni introduttive. Configurazione giuridica delle attuali dinamiche concordatarie nei Paesi di recente strutturazione politico-giuridica - 2. L’Accordo del 2006 ed il suo contenuto normativo - 3. Evoluzione storica della Bosnia- Erzgovina fino all’attuale strutturazione politica - 4. Confronto con le regolamentazioni concordatarie degli altri Paesi dell’area balcanica e socialista. Conclusioni.

  7. Nurses and burnout syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zarema Obradović

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The work of nurses is human. They help people in protection against diseases. Nurses are the largest group of health workers and all problems that appear in the health system are first recognized among them. Burnout syndrome appears among nurses very frequently. We present the leading factors for burnout among nurses in RMC „Dr Safet Mujic“ in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: It is a cross sectional descriptive study. We used an anonymous questionnaire with 20 questions. Our sample was random with 30% of all nurses which were working in this Medical Center in January-February 2012.Results: In our study 77.9% nurses work in the hospital. 52% have over 16 years of work experience. 34.6% of examinees are satisfi ed with interpersonal relationships, 31.7 % are satisfi ed with relationships with the superior. Motivation for work have 51% of examinees, a big number comes unwilling on work.For 83.7% overtime work is the reason for dissatisfaction 71.2% examinees think that they can't make progress on work. A high percentage of examinees doesn't think about problems related to work outside working hours, a good sleep have 38.5% and 56.7% wakes up tired. Many of examinees are not satisfiedwith workplace, and 58.7% would like to change it.Conclusion: Nurses employed in RMC „Dr Safet Mujic“ Mostar are exposed to many factors during work which can cause the burnout syndrome. It is necessary to expand the study on a larger group of nurses and to implement the measures for reducing risks of burnout syndrome.

  8. Knowledge of food quality and additives and its impact on food preference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavica Grujić

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background.There are not enough published investigations concerning knowledge on food quality and pref- erence of highly educated young consumers from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The present research was aimed at survey of young consumers’ knowledge on food quality and food additives and its impact on food preference. Material and methods. Respondents’answers were analysed grouped regarding: (1 education, on subjects with knowledge on food quality and additives (A-group and average consumer representatives (B-group; (2 female and male gender. The questionnaire consists of (a questions with personal data; questions referred to the importance of individual factors for consumers’ food choice, related to: (b fundamental knowledge on food quality and food additives; (c nutrition and desire to consume food that contains additives; (d knowl- edge on monosodium glutamate and desire to consume food containing monosodium glutamate. Results.Results indicated a statistically significant difference between A-group and B-group, and between female and male subjects, on fundamental knowledge on food quality and additives, but there was no differ- ence in habits regarding nutrition and desire to consume food that contains additives. Respondents in A-group significantly more avoid products containing monosodium glutamate comparing to B-group, but there was no difference between female and male subjects preference. Conclusions.This research has shown that students from A-group had more knowledge and awareness in choices of food they prefer to consume, than students from B-group. It is recommended to take actions on young consumers’ education as contribution to protecting of the health, safety, economic and legal interests of consumers and society.

  9. KHALWATIYYAH IN KOSOVO AND MACEDONI A

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    İdris TÜRK

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Ottoman State’s settlement in Rumelia began after I. Murat had conquered Edirne and Plovdiv. In this proces s, after the settlement activities new conquests were carried out. These activities were arranged in a systematic way. In conquered districts Ottomans’ treatment to Christians and Jews with justice and services of new institutions were been import ant facto rs for Ottomans’ quick settlement in Balkans. On the other hand, activities of the sufis who had come to the region before also effected regional public signifally on their acceptance of Islam as religion. Sufis’ immigration to region continued during the conquests of Ottoman State. Sheiks built tekkas at the crossroads, at the edges of water and in the uncrowded places. In these tekkas, in addition to religious ones, social and culturel activities were organized. Thanks to these tekkas domestic public opt ained a positive opinion about Muslims. In the course of time, activities of tariqats like Khalwatiyyah, Naqshbandiyyah, Mawlawiyyah, Qadiriyyah, Rifaiyyah, Sa‘diyyah, Bektashiyyah, Shadhiliyyah and Melamiyyah increased in Balkans. Verious branches of thes e tariqats built tekkas in many cities. Today, most of these cities are in the borderof Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia. Khalwatiyyah had been the most effective tariqat from the XVI century to the collapse of Ottoman State. T ekkas of Khalwatiyyah have taken an important part to introduce Islam and to spread the mystical culture in the region. Some of these tekkas have survived and have still been active. But many of them are destroyed or not active. Our research deals with the history of Khalwatiyyah in this region in the model of tekkas in Kosovo and Macedonia by giving short information about activities, effects, physical properties and current situations of them.

  10. Epidemiology and diagnostics of human fasciolosis

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    Dakić Zorica

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Fasciolosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the trematoda Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica. Human fasciolosis is endemic in some parts of South America, Africa, Eastern Asia and Europe. High prevalence of human fasciolosis does not necessarily occur in areas where fasciolosis is a major veterinary problem. Infection with Fasciola hepatica has not been reported in humans in Serbia and former Yugoslavia, although a large variety of animals, such as sheep and cattle show infection rates that may reach significant proportions in some areas. Humans can become accidental hosts of this parasite by ingesting contaminated drinking water or plants in an endemic area. Infection with Fasciola hepatica has a variable clinical presentation depending on the stage of the disease. Typical symptoms that may be associated with fascioliasis can be divided by the phases of the disease including the acute or liver phase, the chronic or biliary phase, the obstructive phase, and ectopic or pharyngeal fascioliasis. The diagnosis of human fasciolosis may be problematical and delayed, especially in non-endemic areas, because physicians rarely encounter this disease and a long list of other diseases must be included in the differential diagnosis. The diagnosis of fasciolosis is complex and requires the application of direct an indirect methods of diagnostics: clinical diagnosis, haematological and biochemical findings, parasitological diagnosis, immuno-diagnosis, imaging procedures, liver biopsy. At the Clinic for Infectious and Tropical Diseases in 2005, we recorded the first case of human fasciolosis in a woman from Belgrade, a citizen of Serbia, who developed clinical symptoms of acute fasciolosis after several months of living in Bosnia-Herzegovina. This article reviews the epidemiology and diagnostics of human fasciolosis. .

  11. Clinical and morphological characteristics of cutaneous melanoma.

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    Balaban, Jagoda; Ninković Baroš, Djuka; Grujić, Dragana; Starović, Dragana; Ćelić, Milanka

    2014-01-01

    The incidence of cutaneous melanoma has increased significantly worldwide over the last several decades. The aim of this study is to determine clinical and morphology characteristics of primary melanoma, since some of them are important prognostic factors. This retrospective study included 172 patients. The data were collected by the Consulting team for malignant skin tumors in the Banja Luka Clinical Centre from 2009 to 2011. We did not use dermoscopy as a diagnostic tool in our investigation. We determined that melanoma occurs equally commonly in both sexes, in women in the sixth decade and the seventh in men. The most common sub-type was nodular melanoma (59.5%, P<0.05), followed by superficial spreading (27.8%) and acral lentiginous melanoma (11.4%). The most common localization was on the back in men (34.3%) and on the legs in women (P<0.05). More than half of our patients (55.8%) had melanoma thickness from 1.0 to 4.0 mm, and 38% had a melanoma thicker than 4.0 mm. The average Breslow thickness is 4.6 mm. More women than men had melanoma thicker than 4 mm (P<0.05). Spread of the primary tumor localization was found in 31.4% of patients, more frequently in men than in women (P<0.05). In most cases it was abstraction of lymph nodes (P<0.05). The average thickness of the melanoma in our patients is much higher than the average in the world and the countries of Europe. The results of this study indicate a need for better unique regional registry in this part of Bosnia and Herzegovina and improvement of preventive measures in the early diagnosis of melanoma.

  12. Strokes in young adults: epidemiology and prevention

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    Smajlović D

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Dževdet Smajlović Department of Neurology, University Clinical Centre Tuzla, School of Medicine, University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina Abstract: Strokes in young adults are reported as being uncommon, comprising 10%–15% of all stroke patients. However, compared with stroke in older adults, stroke in the young has a disproportionately large economic impact by leaving victims disabled before their most productive years. Recent publications report an increased incidence of stroke in young adults. This is important given the fact that younger stroke patients have a clearly increased risk of death compared with the general population. The prevalence of standard modifiable vascular risk factors in young stroke patients is different from that in older patients. Modifiable risk factors for stroke, such as dyslipidemia, smoking, and hypertension, are highly prevalent in the young stroke population, with no significant difference in geographic, climatic, nutritional, lifestyle, or genetic diversity. The list of potential stroke etiologies among young adults is extensive. Strokes of undetermined and of other determined etiology are the most common types among young patients according to TOAST (Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment criteria. Prevention is the primary treatment strategy aimed at reducing morbidity and mortality related to stroke. Therefore, primary prevention is very important with regard to stroke in young adults, and aggressive treatment of risk factors for stroke, such as hypertension, smoking, and dyslipidemia, is essential. The best form of secondary stroke prevention is directed toward stroke etiology as well as treatment of additional risk factors. However, there is a lack of specific recommendations and guidelines for stroke management in young adults. In conclusion, strokes in young adults are a major public health problem and further research, with standardized methodology, is needed in order to give us more

  13. Mental health and poverty in developing countries: revisiting the relationship.

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    Das, Jishnu; Do, Quy-Toan; Friedman, Jed; McKenzie, David; Scott, Kinnon

    2007-08-01

    The relationship between poverty and mental health has received considerable attention in the recent literature. However, the associations presented in existing studies typically rely on limited samples of individuals and on proxy indicators for poverty such as education, the lack of tap water, or being unemployed. We revisit the relationship between poverty and mental health using data from nationally representative household surveys in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Indonesia and Mexico, along with special surveys from India and Tonga. As in previous studies, we find that individuals who are older, female, widowed, and in poor health are more likely to report worse mental health outcomes. Individuals living with others with poor mental health are significantly more likely to report worse mental health themselves. The size of the coefficients and their significance are comparable across the five countries. In contrast to previous studies, the relationship between higher education and better mental health is weak or non-existent. Furthermore, there is no consistent association between consumption poverty and mental health - in two countries mental health measures are marginally worse for the poor; in two countries there is no association; and in one country mental health measures are better for the poor compared to the non-poor. Moreover, the sizes of the coefficients for both education and consumption poverty are small compared to other factors considered here. While the lack of an association between consumption poverty and mental health implies that poor mental health is not a "disease of affluence", neither is it a disease of poverty. Changes in life circumstances brought on, for instance, by illness may have a greater impact on mental health than levels of poverty. Effective public health policy for mental health should focus on protecting individuals and households from adverse events and on targeted interventions following such adverse changes.

  14. Habits of fluid and electrolytes intake in elite athletes

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    Arzija Pašalić

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Dehydration develops when the body fluid losses exceed fluid intake. It may occur during exercise, heat stress, restricted fluid intake, or any combination of these. Marginal dehydration (loss of > 2% body weight can compromise aerobic exercise performance, particularly in hot weather conditions, and may disturb fluid and electrolyte balance. The aim of the study was to determine the quantity, type and dynamic of fluid intake during athletic performance in endurance sports (football and basketball in two age categories: juniors (under the age of 18 and seniors (over the age of 18.Methods: Research included 100 athletes playing in Premier League in Bosnia-Herzegovina. We formed groups by sport type (football and basketball and age (<18 and ≥18 years. Questionnaire with questions about the fluid intake habits was used for data collection.    Results: There were 53 football players and 47 basketball players. All the participants were male. Average age of the participants was 19.3 ± 4.58. Habit of weighing before and after training was present in less than 44% of players among all the groups. Seniors were more frequently measuring their weight compared to junior players (p=0.01. Basketball players and players younger than 18 years were most frequently taking more than 2L of water per day. Most of the players, regardless of sport type or age group were not taking at least ½ L of isotonic fluid before the training. Signs of dehydration were more frequently observed in players under 18 years old, with most frequent sign being dry throat and sudden fatigue.Conclusion: Water and electrolytes intake before, during and after training of the athletes were inadequate regardless of type of sports and the age of athletes.

  15. Gender-Specific Analyses of the Prevalence and Factors Associated with Substance Use and Misuse among Bosniak Adolescents

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    Natasa Zenic

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Ethnicity and religion are known to be important factors associated with substance use and misuse (SUM. Ethnic Bosniaks, Muslims by religion, are the third largest ethnic group in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, but no study has examined SUM patterns among them. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of SUM and to examine scholastic-, familial- and sport-factors associated with SUM in adolescent Bosniaks from Bosnia-and-Herzegovina. The sample comprised 970 17-to-18-year-old adolescents (48% boys. Testing was performed using an previously validated questionnaire investigating socio-demographic-factors, scholastic-variables, and sport-factors, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, simultaneous smoking and drinking (multiple SUM, and the consumption of other drugs. The 30% of boys and 32% of girls smoke (OR = 1.13; 95% CI = 0.86–1.49, 41% of boys and 27% of girls are defined as harmful alcohol drinkers (OR = 1.94; 95% CI = 1.48–2.54, multiple SUM is prevalent in 17% of boys and 15% of girls (OR = 1.11; 95% CI = 0.79–1.56, while the consumption of other drugs, including sedatives, is higher in girls (6% and 15% for boys and girls, respectively; OR = 2.98; 95% CI = 1.89–4.70. Scholastic achievement is negatively associated with SUM. SUM is more prevalent in those girls who report higher income, and boys who report a worse familial financial situation. The study revealed more negative than positive associations between sport participation and SUM, especially among girls. Results can help public health authorities to develop more effective prevention campaign against SUM in adolescence.

  16. DEVELOPMENT OF PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS OF STUTTERING CHILDREN AND CHILDREN WITH FLUENT SPEECH

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    Leila BEGIC

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of phonological awareness of stuttering children and children with fluent speech. The sample consisted of 64 children, between 56 and 83 months old (4 years and 8 months to 6 years and 11 months. Examinees were divided in two groups. The first group consisted of 32 stuttering children, 19 males, and 13 females. The control group consisted of 32 children with fluent speech, whose age and sex were equal to the age and sex of the children in the experimental group. The research was conducted in preschools and primary schools in Tuzla and Una-Sana Canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The subjects were examined with 7 subtests (syllable and phoneme blending abilities, ability to rhyme, phoneme segmentation, phoneme deletion, phoneme transposition and spoonerisms. Each of the subtest scores, which index a variety of phonological awareness abilities, was examined separately. Phonological awareness score is the total score which relates to a common result that the subjects achieved on these 7 individual subtests. The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences between stuttering children and their peers with fluent speech in relation to Phonological awareness score. The examination of differences between stuttering and non-stuttering children in individual variables, which describe phonological awareness, showed that there was statistically significant difference in the ability to rhyme between these two subjects groups. T-test was used for examination of the differences between the male stuttering children and their fluent peers, and also female stuttering children and their fluent peers for the phonological awareness variables. The results exhibited statistically significant differences in the variable Rhyme between the male stuttering children and their fluent peers. In addition, we examined the ability of phonemic analysis of children who stutter and children with fluent

  17. Distribution and characteristics of molar-incisor hypomineralization

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    Janković Svjetlana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Developmental disorders of teeth are the problems that are becoming more present in pediatric dentistry, especially on first permanent molars and incisors. Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH is proposed term for this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to establish the MIH prevalence in children living in the Foča municipality (Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as to assess characteristics and expression of hypomineralization within the tested population. Methods. A total of 141 children from the Foča municipality, 8 years of age, were included in this study. Criteria according to Weerhejm have been used for diagnosis of hypomineralization: demarcated opacity (DO, post-eruptive breakdown (PEB, atypical restoration (AR, extracted molars due to MIH (E-MIH and unerupted tooth (UT. Level and the prominence of color changes have been determined for patients with DO, PEB and AR. Results. MIH in this area was present in 12.8% of children. The prevalence of MIH changes expressed in percentages was as follows: DO was at 9.2%, PEB in 3.5%, AR in 5.6%, while E-MIH was 5.6%. A total of 9.9% of the examinees had mild, 5.6% moderate, and 7.8% severe form of MIH. White form of MIH defects was found in 9.9% of the examinees, white-yellow one in 5.6% and yellow-brown color in 3.5% of the examined children. These changes were more often present in the lower jaw (60.3%. In total, 6.4% of children had these changes present only on molars, while 6.4% of them both on molars and incisors simultaneously. Conclusion. A total of 12.8% of the examinees with MIH is not to be disregarded. With timely diagnosis, prevention and therapy complications could be avoided or mitigated.

  18. Impunity or immunity: wartime male rape and sexual torture as a crime against humanity.

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    Zawati, Hilmi M

    2007-01-01

    This paper seeks to analyze the phenomenon of wartime rape and sexual torture of Croatian and Iraqi men and to explore the avenues for its prosecution under international humanitarian and human rights law. Male rape, in time of war, is predominantly an assertion of power and aggression rather than an attempt on the part of the perpetrator to satisfy sexual desire. The effect of such a horrible attack is to damage the victim's psyche, rob him of his pride, and intimidate him. In Bosnia- Herzegovina, Croatia, and Iraq, therefore, male rape and sexual torture has been used as a weapon of war with dire consequences for the victim's mental, physical, and sexual health. Testimonies collected at the Medical Centre for Human Rights in Zagreb and reports received from Iraq make it clear that prisoners in these conflicts have been exposed to sexual humiliation, as well as to systematic and systemic sexual torture. This paper calls upon the international community to combat the culture of impunity in both dictator-ruled and democratic countries by bringing the crime of wartime rape into the international arena, and by removing all barriers to justice facing the victims. Moreover, it emphasizes the fact that wartime rape is the ultimate humiliation that can be inflicted on a human being, and it must be regarded as one of the most grievous crimes against humanity. The international community has to consider wartime rape a crime of war and a threat to peace and security. It is in this respect that civilian community associations can fulfill their duties by encouraging victims of male rape to break their silence and address their socio-medical needs, including reparations and rehabilitation.

  19. How Socio-Economic Conditions Influence Forest Policy Development in Central and South-East Europe

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    Vuletić, Dijana; Potočić, Nenad; Krajter, Silvija; Seletković, Ivan; Fürst, Christine; Makeschin, Franz; Galić, Zoran; Lorz, Carsten; Matijašič, Dragan; Zupanič, Matjaž; Simončič, Primož; Vacik, Harald

    2010-12-01

    In this article, several findings on socio-economic conditions derived from national reports and a web-based questionnaire are discussed and related to the changing role of forestry and the future forest policy development. A number of Central and South-eastern European countries taking part in a SEE-ERA-NET project ReForMan project ( www.reforman.de ) participated in data acquisition: Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Germany, Serbia and Slovenia. The aim of the research was to illustrate the present structure of forestry sector, as well as investigate newly emerging topics in forestry of Central and South-eastern Europe. The results indicated certain patterns in attitudes and perceptions among stakeholders that can be related to socio-economic conditions defined for each country. Clear differences between member and non-member countries exist only in level of implementation of EU legislation. Results showed consensus on main threats to the forests among all countries, but also some country specifics in perceptions of factors influencing forestry, their importance and professional competencies. These results could be additionally explained by influence of historical conditions which shaped development of forest sector in SEE region especially in its organizational dimension as well as in perceived role of forestry expressed through recognition of main forest functions. The influence of European forest policy processes in the region is evident through adaptation of EU legislation and perceived implications of international processes on national levels. Based on this observation, two possible options for future development of the forestry sector can be foreseen: (i) focusing on the productive function of forests and fostering its' sustainable use; or (ii) putting an emphasis on environmental and social issues. In both cases supporting public participation in decision-making processes is recommendable. Another conclusion based on perceived medium to low

  20. Neotectonics and seismicity of a slowly deforming segment of the Adria-Europe convergence zone - the northern Dinarides fold-and-thrust belt

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    Ustaszewski, Kamil; Herak, Marijan; Tomljenović, Bruno; Herak, Davorka; Matej, Srebrenka

    2014-05-01

    With GPS-derived shortening rates of c. 3-5 mm/a, the Adria-Europe convergence zone across the fold-and-thrust belt of the Dinarides (Balkan Peninsula) is a slowly deforming plate boundary by global standards. We have analysed the active tectonics and instrumental seismicity of the northernmost segment of this fold-and-thrust belt at its border to the Pannonian Basin. This area hosts a Maastrichtian collisional suture formed by closure of Mesozoic fragments of the Neotethys, overprinted by Miocene back-arc extension, which led to the exhumation of greenschist- to amphibolite-grade rocks in several core complexes. Geological, geomorphological and reflection seismic data provide evidence for a compressive or transpressive reactivation of extensional faults after about 5 Ma. The study area represents the seismically most active region of the Dinarides apart from the Adriatic Sea coast and the area around Zagreb. The strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake (27 October 1969) affected the city of Banja Luka (northern Bosnia and Herzegovina). Fault plane solutions for the main shock (ML 6.4) and its largest foreshock (ML 6.0) indicate reverse faulting along ESE-WNW-striking nodal planes and generally N-S trending pressure axes. The spatial distribution of epicentres and focal depths, analyses of the macroseismic field and fault-plane solutions for several smaller events suggest on-going shortening in the internal Dinarides. Our results therefore imply that current Adria-Europe convergence is widely distributed across c. 300 km, rendering the entire Dinarides fold-and-thrust belt a slowly deforming plate boundary.

  1. Structural and functional characteristics of urinary tract in offspring of Balkan endemic nephropathy patients

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    Radisavljević Snežana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN is a familial chronic progressive tubulointerstitial disease of unknown aetiology that occurs with high prevalence in endemic rural environments of Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Bulgaria and Romania. It has been documented only in adults. Objective. The aim of this study was to examine clinical markers of BEN in children and adolescent offspring of BEN patients. Methods. Prospective clinical trial involved two groups of children and adolescents: I consisted of 30 offspring of BEN patients and II of 29 offspring of non-BEN dialysis patients, both of them living in the same South Morava region of Serbia. All of them were healthy at the time of the investigation, not receiving any drugs. The study included personal and family history, physical examination, comprehensive laboratory analyses and renal ultrasound. Blood pressure (BP was determined by using casual BP and 24 h ABPM in subjects older than 5 years. Urinary proteins were investigated by analysing microalbumin, alfa 1 microglobulin, beta 2 microglobulin and SDS-PAGE electrophoresis. GFR was measured by estimated creatinine clearance and by serum Cystatin C concentrations. Results. There were no statistically significant differences in age, gender, history of urinary tract infections or functional voiding disorders between these two groups. All of the studied subjects had normal BP and GFR. Renal ultrasound was abnormal only in BEN offspring (6.66% as well as increased urine concentrations of microalbumin (3.3%, alpha 1 microglobulin (10% and beta 2 microglobulin (13.3% while low molecular protein (<66,000 D was prevalent in BEN compared with non- BEN offspring (21.43% vs. 3.7%. Conclusion. Renal abnormalities in offspring of BEN patients may be an early marker of BEN. This has to be confirmed in long term follow-up of a greater number of BEN paediatric offspring.

  2. Medical ethics, bioethics and research ethics education perspectives in South East Europe in graduate medical education.

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    Mijaljica, Goran

    2014-03-01

    Ethics has an established place within the medical curriculum. However notable differences exist in the programme characteristics of different schools of medicine. This paper addresses the main differences in the curricula of medical schools in South East Europe regarding education in medical ethics and bioethics, with a special emphasis on research ethics, and proposes a model curriculum which incorporates significant topics in all three fields. Teaching curricula of Medical Schools in Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia and Montenegro were acquired and a total of 14 were analyzed. Teaching hours for medical ethics and/or bioethics and year of study in which the course is taught were also analyzed. The average number of teaching hours in medical ethics and bioethics is 27.1 h per year. The highest national average number of teaching hours was in Croatia (47.5 h per year), and the lowest was in Serbia (14.8). In the countries of the European Union the mean number of hours given to ethics teaching throughout the complete curriculum was 44. In South East Europe, the maximum number of teaching hours is 60, while the minimum number is 10 teaching hours. Research ethics topics also show a considerable variance within the regional medical schools. Approaches to teaching research ethics vary, even within the same country. The proposed model for education in this area is based on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Bioethics Core Curriculum. The model curriculum consists of topics in medical ethics, bioethics and research ethics, as a single course, over 30 teaching hours.

  3. Current status of transplantation and organ donation in the Balkans--could it be improved through the South-eastern Europe Health Network (SEEHN) initiative?

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    Spasovski, Goce; Busic, Mirela; Pipero, Pellumb; Sarajlić, Lada; Popović, Andreja Subotić; Dzhaleva, Theodora; Codreanu, Igor; Ratković, Marina Mugosa; Popescu, Irinel; Lausević, Mirjana; Avsec, Danica; Raley, Lydia; Ekberg, Henrik; Ploeg, Rutger; Delmonico, Francis

    2012-04-01

    Organ donation and transplantation activity in the majority of Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria) are lagging far behind international averages. Inadequate financial resources, unclear regional data and lack of government infrastructure are some of the issues which should be recognized to draw attention and lead to problem-solving decisions. The Regional Health Development Centre (RHDC) Croatia, a technical body of the South-eastern Europe Health Network (SEEHN), was created in 2011 after Croatia's great success in the field over the last 10 years. The aim of the RHDC is to network the region and provide individualized country support to increase donation and transplantation activity in collaboration with professional societies (European Society of Organ Transplantation, European Transplant Coordinators Organization, The Transplantation Society and International Society of Organ Donation and Procurement). Such an improvement would in turn likely prevent transplant tourism. The regional data from 2010 show large discrepancies in donation and transplantation activities within geographically neighbouring countries. Thus, proposed actions to improve regional donation and transplantation rates include advancing living and deceased donation through regular public education, creating current and accurate waiting lists and increasing the number of educated transplant nephrologists and hospital coordinators. In addition to the effort from the professionals, government support with allocated funds per deceased donation, updated legislation and an established national coordinating body is ultimately recognized as essential for the successful donation and transplantation programmes. By continuous RHDC communication and support asked from the health authorities and motivated professionals from the SEEHN initiative, an increased number of deceased as well as living donor kidney

  4. Swiss AlpArray: deployment of the Swiss AlpArray temporary broad-band stations and their noise characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molinari, Irene; Kissling, Edi; Clinton, John; Hetényi, György; Šipka, Vesna; Stipćević, Josip; Dasović, Iva; Solarino, Stefano; Wéber, Zoltán; Gráczer, Zoltán; Electronics Lab, SED

    2016-04-01

    One of the main actions of the AlpArray European initiative is the deployment of a dense seismic broad-band network, that complements the existing permanent stations. This will ensure a spatially homogeneous seismic coverage of the greater Alpine area for at least two years, allowing a great number of innovative scientific works to be carried out. Our contribution to the AlpArray Seismic Network consists in the deployment of 24 temporary broad-band stations: three in Switzerland, twelve in Italy, three in Croatia, three in Bosnia and Herzegovina and three in Hungary. This deployment is lead by ETH Zurich and founded by the Swiss-AlpArray Sinergia programme by SNSF, and is the result of a fruitful collaboration between five research institutes. Stations were installed between Autumn and Winter 2015. Our installations are both free field and in-house and consist of 21 STS-2 and 3 Trillium Compact sensors equipped with Taurus digitizers and 3G telemetry sending data in real time to the ETH EIDA node. In this work, we present sites and stations setting and we discuss in details the characteristics in terms of site effects and noise level of each station. In particular we analyse the power spectral density estimates investigating the major source of noise and the background noise related to seasons, time of the day, human activities and type of installation. In addition we will show examples of data usage - i.e. earthquake locations, noise cross correlations, measures of surface wave dispersion curves. We thanks the Swiss AlpArray Field Team: Blanchard A., Erlanger E. D., Jarić D., Herak D., M. Herak, Hermann M., Koelemeijer P. J., Markušić S., Obermann A., Sager K., Šikman S., Singer J., Winterberg S. SED Electronic Lab: Barman S., Graf P., Hansemann R., Haslinger F., Hiemer S., Racine R., Tanner R., Weber F.

  5. The role of drug donations on hospital use of antibiotics during the war and postwar period.

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    Škrbić, R; Babić-Djurić, D; Stojisavljević-Šatara, S; Stojaković, N; Nežić, L

    2001-01-01

    Using ATC/DDD methodology, we analyzed antibiotic utilization in the Clinical Centre of Banja Luka, one of the largest clinical centres in Bosnia and Herzegovina, during the war and postwar period (1994-2000), as well as the role of drug donations on doctors' prescribing decisions. The retrospective analysis of antibiotic utilization (group J according to the Anatomical Therapeutical Chemical - ATC classification) was based upon the data provided from the hospital computer centre and calculated as the number of defined daily doses (DDD) per 100 bed days. The pharmacoepidemiological analysis showed that the total use of antibiotics changed markedly; in the war year of 1994, as well as in 1998, antibiotics were the second most frequently used group of drugs (19.7% and 14.1% of total drug utilization respectively), while in the following years antibiotics were considerably less used. These dynamics were significantly influenced by drug donations, the percentage of which in the overall antibiotic supply in 1996 was 91.5%, while in 1999 and in 2000 it decreased considerably to 46.8% and 45.6%, respectively. The most widely prescribed antibiotics were penicillins, aminoglycosides, sulphonamides and tetracyclines. Among these, the aminopenicillins, co-trimoxazole, gentamicin and tetracyclines were mainly (70-100%) supplied as a drug donations. However, macrolides, cephalosporins and quinolones were less used due to fact that they were considerably less often delivered through drug donations. It can be concluded that the drug donations had a significant impact on prescribing practice and the rational use of antibiotics in the Clinical Centre studied.

  6. Epidemiological characterisics of gastrointestinal infectious diseases and viral hepatitis A in the Canton Sarajevo

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    Zarema Obradović

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Gastrointestinal infectious diseases are a group of frequent diseases in developing countries as a result of industrialization in food production and often consuming of the food in public places. In Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Canton Sarajevo these diseases are frequent. The aim of this work is to investigate epidemiological characteristics of the most often gastrointestinal infectious diseases in Canton Sarajevo (Enterocolitis acuta, Toxiinfectio alimentaris, Salmonellosis, Amoebiasis compared with Viral Hepatitis A and to estimate the need for the implementation of vaccination against this disease.Methods: We used individual reports as well as monthly and annual bulletins about the movement of infectious diseases which are obligatory for reporting from the Epidemiology department of the Institute for public health in Canton Sarajevo. This work is a retrospective study, for the period 2005-2009. Descriptive- analytical method was used. In statistical processing we used mean, structure index and trend index.Results: The research showed that gastrointestinal infectious diseases are registered in a huge number in all the observed years. The most often was Enterocolitis acuta, and the rarest was Viral Hepatitis A. The diseases were mostly sporadic. Distinct seasonality and coherence with warm months in the year is expressed in Enterocolitis acuta and Intoxicatio alimentaris, while the other diseases are registered during the whole year.Conclusions: Incidence of gastrointestinal infectious diseases in Canton Sarajevo is high and we need to work intensively to improve sanitary conditions as the most eficient preventive measures. There is no justification for implementing of the vaccine against Viral hepatitis A.

  7. Knowledge, attitudes and behavior of children in relation to oral health

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    Davidović Bojana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Health education plays a very important role in maintaining health of individuals. Good oral health, as a part of general health, is largely dependent on the level of knowledge, attitudes and habits that children already have. The aim of this study is to examine the level of knowledge and habits in children regarding oral hygiene, diet and bad habits. Methods. The study included 506 school children aged 12 and 15 years in three towns (Foča, Čajniče, Kalinovik, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The survey was conducted in order to assess knowledge, attitudes and habits that children have in relation to their own oral health. Results. Most respondents stated that they began to brush their teeth at the age of 4, while a smaller number linked beginning of tooth brushing to the start of school. The parents more often help the boys during tooth brushing. A total of 54.9% of children brush their teeth after every meal, while 40.1% of them brush teeth only once during the day. Twelve year olds brush their teeth more often, especially after a meal. A total of 92.5% of children had never used fluoride tablets nor are the tablets recommended to them by anyone. More than half of the children (61.7% visited the dentist for the first time before starting school that is on the regular examination that is performed upon enrollment to school. A pain as a reason for dental visits was present in 43.9%, while the preventive check in only 31.4% of the children. Conclusion. Children included in this study, particularly 15-year-olds, are quite well informed about teeth brushing frequency and proper selection of tools for hygiene maintenance, but this knowledge is not applied. Girls are more responsible for their own health, and come regularly to the preventive dental checkups.

  8. Geographically Related Variation in Epicuticular Wax Traits of Pinus nigra Populations from Southern Carpathians and Central Balkans - Taxonomic Considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitić, Zorica S; Zlatković, Bojan K; Jovanović, Snežana Č; Stojanović, Gordana S; Marin, Petar D

    2016-07-01

    The chemical composition of epicuticular waxes of nine populations from three Pinus nigra J. F. Arnold subspecies (namely subsp. nigra, subsp. banatica (Borbás) Novák, and subsp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe) from Southern Carpathians and central Balkan Peninsula were analyzed using GC/MS and GC/FID chromatography, and multivariate statistical techniques with respect to biogeography and taxonomy. In the needle waxes, four primary alcohols and 14 n-alkanes ranging from C21 to C33 were identified, and the most abundant compounds were the four odd-numbered n-alkanes C27 , C25 , C23 , and C29. Multivariate statistical analyses (CDA and CA) have shown existence of three P. nigra groups and suggested clinal differentiation as a mechanism of genetic variation across a geographic area: the first group consisted of the southernmost populations of subsp. pallasiana from Macedonia, the second consisted of the northernmost subsp. banatica populations from Romania, while all populations in Serbia described as three different subspecies (nigra, banatica, and pallasiana) formed the third group together with subsp. nigra population from Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to simple linear regression, geographic latitude and four bioclimatic parameters were moderately correlated with the contents of epicuticular wax compounds that are important in population discrimination, while stepwise multiple regression showed that latitude participated in most of the regression models for predicting the composition of the epicuticular waxes. These results agree with CDA and CA analysis, and confirmed the possibility of recognition of fine geographic differentiation of the analyzed P. nigra populations.

  9. Variability in germination and germination dynamics of differently treated seeds of Serbian spruce (Picea omorika Pančić/Purkynĕ

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    Cvjetković Branislav

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Genetic-physiological approach was used in the study of the quality of Serbian spruce seed (Picea omorika /Pančić/Purkynĕ, collected in the populations on the left bank of the river Drina. The seed originated from the three populations that represent the overall ecological and productive conditions of Serbian spruce populations in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Two natural populations were selected: Veliki Stolac and Gostilj, and one planted forest population in Srebrenica. The cones were collected in late autumn 2009 and early spring 2010. They were collected from five trees from Srebrenica and Gostilj, and seven trees from Veliki Stolac. Immediately after they were collected, the cones and seeds were processed and germination tests were done. Germination, germination viability and germination dynamics were studied in three categories of seed treatment: 1 control unit (just processed seed, 2 seed stored for six months at 0-4 ºC, 3 seed stored for seven months at 0-4º C and treated with fungicide after five months of storing. The number of germinated seed was observed and noted on the third, fourth, fifth, seventh, tenth, fourteenth, twenty-first and twenty-eighth day. There were significant differences in germination dynamics at the population level and the level of treatment during the first couple of days of germination test. Fungicide (captan acted as an inhibitor on seed germination process. The seeds originating from the largest population of Veliki Stolac showed the best response to storing treatment with fungicide related to germination dynamics. The seed originating from Srebrenica andkept at low temperatures 0-4 °C without treatment with fungicides showed the best result in germination. Regardless of the presence of differences in the dynamics of germination, significant differences in germination regarding different treatments on the last day of the test, were not recorded.

  10. Neotectonics of the Dinarides-Pannonian Basin transition and possible earthquake sources in the Banja Luka epicentral area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ustaszewski, Kamil; Herak, Marijan; Tomljenović, Bruno; Herak, Davorka; Matej, Srebrenka

    2014-12-01

    This study provides evidence for post-5 Ma shortening in the transition area between the Dinarides fold-and-thrust belt and the Pannonian Basin and reviews possible earthquake sources for the Banja Luka epicentral area (northern Bosnia and Herzegovina) where the strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake (ML 6.4) occurred on 27 October 1969. Geological, geomorphological and reflection seismic data provide evidence for a contractional reactivation of Late Palaeogene to Middle Miocene normal faults at slip rates below 0.1 mm/a. This reactivation postdates deposition of the youngest sediments in the Pannonian Basin of Pontian age (c. 5 Ma). Fault plane solutions for the main 1969 Banja Luka earthquake (ML 6.4) and its largest foreshock (ML 6.0) indicate reverse faulting along ESE-WNW-striking nodal planes and generally N-S trending pressure axes. The spatial distribution of epicentres and focal depths, analyses of the macroseismic field and fault-plane solutions for several smaller events suggest on-going shortening in the internal Dinarides. Seismic deformation of the upper crust is also associated with strike-slip faults, likely related to the NE-SW trending, sinistral Banja Luka fault. Possibly, this fault transfers contraction between adjacent segments of the Dinarides thrust system. The study area represents the seismically most active region of the Dinarides apart from the Adriatic Sea coast and the bend zone around Zagreb. We propose that on-going thrusting in the internal Dinarides thrust system takes up a portion of the current Adria-Europe convergence.

  11. PRESENT STATE AND POSSIBILITIES OF MAIZE HYBRIDS SEED PRODUCTION WITH THE REVIEW ON THE EXPORT

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    Branimir Šimić

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The present seed production of maize in the Republic of Croatia is reduced in relation to the period before the Patriotic War. Production of maize seed in Croatia was between 14,000 and 21,000 tons yearly in the period from 1981 to 1986. It was reduced to 8000 tons yearly in the period from 1989 to 2001. Today, Croatia has 13 processing centres with the capacity approximately 50,000 tons of seed, but utilisation of these capacities is about 40%. Decreasing of maize seed production is caused by market reduction (less areas under the maize in Croatia and reduced export of maize hybrids seed. Before the Patriotic War, Croatia participated in the total seeds export of former Yugoslavia with 35-40%. The largest export of maize seed was 1983, with the approximately 10,700 tons. Seed export of Bc, Os and KWS hybrids was the Eastern European market, while the seed of Pioneer, SES and part of KWS hybrids was exported on the Western European market. Nowadays, production of maize hybrids at Croatia is about 5000 ha (in the world on about 1 mil. ha with the seed export of 3500 tons, approximately. Today, the largest amount of maize seed is exported in Spain, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Slovenia and Turkey. The total value of maize seed production is 20 mil. Euro, approximately. Seed export should be the basic strategic aim in the program of seed production development because areas occupied with mercantile maize (approximately 400,000 ha cannot completely employ capacities for the production of seed.

  12. Migration and Ethnic Characteristics of the Population as Factors of the Cultural Landscape Transformation in the Dubrava District in Zagreb

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    Ivana Crljenko

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Migration and ethnic characteristics of the population, along with the general population trend, population density as well as the age, socioeconomic, racial and even gender structure of the population, have an impact on the transformation of cultural landscape of an area. It has been shown here on the example of the Dubrava district in Zagreb by analyzing the basic demographic indicators and their reflections on the visible space. A case study has been applied to explore the impact of Janjevci on a part of the Dubrava landscape, more precisely on one shopping street – Konjščinska Street. The research has shown that Dubrava, i.e. its “narrow” centre, was largely populated during the period from 1950 to 1970, and that the population growth was mostly influenced by immigration from other parts of Croatia, and from Bosnia-Herzegovina. Although the first immigrants left their mark on the landscape in which they had settled, so that it was possible earlier to identify the area in the parts with individual house building where different groups of immigrants lived, today this is almost or even completely unnoticed. A long-time co-existence and recent trends of copying in both construction and garden decoration have reduced or completely erased the differences in the cultural landscape. The effects that one ethnic group can have influence on a directly visible cultural landscape can be noticed only in the enormous, aesthetically, functionally and physiognomically substantially different houses in Konjščinska Street.

  13. Evaluation of Determinative Precautions of Unemployment, Undertaken Decisions and Policies to its Decrease in Albania

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    Arben Terpollari

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This material is an introduction of the main indicators having affected unemployment and job market, it is a theoretical and empirical analysis of different active policies of employment. The data used in this empirical analysis are observed during the last 15 years. Unemployment, is known as a macroeconomic “chronic disease” to which adding inflation, make up the two most determinative problems in economy. Often; the decreaseof unemployment data is considered as the first symptom of the first phase of recession, making it a big financial burden to the government. Unemployment causes discredit of the human capital simultaneously it credits unemployed. Due to this fact, these categories except of being a financial burden to thegovernment, they become a target of risk. (Increase of criminal cases in state level. Albania is the 5th ranked in the region, after Macedonia (33%, Bosnia Herzegovina (24%,Serbia (17.4% and Turkey (14%, Albania (13%, Montenegro (11%, Greece (9.4%, and Croatia (9.2%. Based on a time limit analysis, we can see that Montenegro has an extremedecrease of unemployment during last 10 years.Unemployment increase is the crucial factor which highly indicates in the average salaries, however, there’s chance of being optimistic to the consumers because of the highly evaluated expectancies. “Expectancies for the 6 upcoming months are foreseen optimistic compared to the last of 2014, the actual balance has decreased in 5.4 points (the balance decrease shows the tendency in lower level of unemployment”, this is highly emphasized in the report of the Bank of Albania “ Observation of business and consumer’s faith”.Key words: unemployment level, employment policies, unemployment cost, measuringunemployment.

  14. Our experiences with erlotinib in second and third line treatment patients with advanced stage IIIB/ IV non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehić, Bakir; Stanetić, Mirko; Tinjić, Ljuljeta; Smoljanović, Vlatka

    2008-11-01

    HeadHER1/EGFR is known to play a pivotal role in tumorigenesis and is overexpressed in up to 80% of NSCLCs. The study of an Expanded Access Clinical Program of Erlotinib in NSCLC is a phase IV open-label, non-randomized, multicenter trial in patients with advanced (inoperable stage IIIb/IV) NSCLC who were eligible for treatment with erlotinib but had no access to trial participation. Patients for the study from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) were selected from two Clinical centres (Sarajevo and Banja Luka). The aim of study was to evaluated efficacy and tolerability of erlotinib monotherapy in this setting. All patients who received at least one dose of erlotinib and data were entered in the database as of the CRF cut-off date of 14th May 2008 were included in analysis of data (n = 19). This population is defined as the Intent to Treat (ITT) population and includes all patients who had at least one dose of erlotinib regardless of whether major protocol violations were incurred. The findings are consistent with the results of the randomized, placebo-controlled BR.21 study. Indicating that erlotinib is an effective option for patients with advanced NSCLC who are unsuitable for, or who have previously failed standard chemotherapy. In B&H group of patients DCR was almost 84%, and PFS was approximately 24,7 weeks (compared with 44% and 9,7 weeks for erlotinib reported in phase III). Almost three quarter of the patients received erlotinib as their second line of therapy. Overall, erlotinib was well tolerated; there were no patients who withdrew due to a treatment-related AE (mainly rash) and there were few dose reductions. 24% of patients experienced an SAE (most commonly gastrointestinal (GI) disorders).

  15. A compilation of field surveys on gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) from contrasting environmental settings in Europe, South America, South Africa and China: separating fads from facts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higueras, Pablo; Oyarzun, Roberto; Kotnik, Joze; Esbrí, José María; Martínez-Coronado, Alba; Horvat, Milena; López-Berdonces, Miguel Angel; Llanos, Willians; Vaselli, Orlando; Nisi, Barbara; Mashyanov, Nikolay; Ryzov, Vladimir; Spiric, Zdravko; Panichev, Nikolay; McCrindle, Rob; Feng, Xinbin; Fu, Xuewu; Lillo, Javier; Loredo, Jorge; García, María Eugenia; Alfonso, Pura; Villegas, Karla; Palacios, Silvia; Oyarzún, Jorge; Maturana, Hugo; Contreras, Felicia; Adams, Melitón; Ribeiro-Guevara, Sergio; Niecenski, Luise Felipe; Giammanco, Salvatore; Huremović, Jasna

    2014-08-01

    Mercury is transported globally in the atmosphere mostly in gaseous elemental form (GEM, [Formula: see text]), but still few worldwide studies taking into account different and contrasted environmental settings are available in a single publication. This work presents and discusses data from Argentina, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, China, Croatia, Finland, Italy, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Slovenia and Venezuela. We classified the information in four groups: (1) mining districts where this contaminant poses or has posed a risk for human populations and/or ecosystems; (2) cities, where the concentration of atmospheric mercury could be higher than normal due to the burning of fossil fuels and industrial activities; (3) areas with natural emissions from volcanoes; and (4) pristine areas where no anthropogenic influence was apparent. All the surveys were performed using portable LUMEX RA-915 series atomic absorption spectrometers. The results for cities fall within a low GEM concentration range that rarely exceeds 30 ng m(-3), that is, 6.6 times lower than the restrictive ATSDR threshold (200 ng m(-3)) for chronic exposure to this pollutant. We also observed this behavior in the former mercury mining districts, where few data were above 200 ng m(-3). We noted that high concentrations of GEM are localized phenomena that fade away in short distances. However, this does not imply that they do not pose a risk for those working in close proximity to the source. This is the case of the artisanal gold miners that heat the Au-Hg amalgam to vaporize mercury. In this respect, while GEM can be truly regarded as a hazard, because of possible physical-chemical transformations into other species, it is only under these localized conditions, implying exposure to high GEM concentrations, which it becomes a direct risk for humans.

  16. PHENOMENAL FORMS OF FRAUD IN SYSTEM OF INDIRECT TAXATION

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    Elvir Sačić

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This work could be summarized by unique description: it is phenomenological analysis designed to determine and analyze the concept of crimes against fnancial interests, i.e. budgetary funds of Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as of the European Union. Through a syn- thetic and casuistic description of individual phenomenological forms of criminal actions and the systematisation of them according to given criminological characteristics, an endeavour is made to delve into the complex fscal, fnancial, economic and legal context in which these deeds arise, and to associate them more closely with the practical reality. In order to bring to light the multidimensional importance and throw light on crime against the budget of the Bosnia and Herzegovina and the EU from several aspects, in this paper a phenomenological analysis is carried out at several levels and is based on main criteria: the phenomenological forms considering the kind of legally protected good – the revenues and/or expendituresof the budget.

  17. ZNAČAJ I DJELOTVORNOST ŽIVOTNOG OSIGURANJA NA GOSPODARSKI RAZVOJ

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    Mira Pešić -Andrijić

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Insurance is a part of the major financial system of every state. Life insurance, with a primary characteristic of long-term savings, is an important product for institutional investors and important source for financing long-term investment. Those characteristics make life insurance a valuable generator of economic development. Saving premiums, as a part of net premiums, is a source of finance for long term investment. These are temporarily free financial means -mathematical reserves - which are used for the payment of future obligations by an insurer. The investment of mathematical reserves has a direct and very efficient influence on economic development. Research has been undertaken of the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in light of this finding regarding mathematical reserves. Specified econometric models evaluated and model parameters tested indicate the degree of interdependence and show the significant influence and effectiveness of investing mathematical reserves to the growth of the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  18. Mobile Carrier Selection In A Post-Conflict Environment – The Primacy Of Ethnicity Over Conventional Network Effects

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    Zaimović Tarik

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze determinants which affect the selection of mobile carriers in a post-conflict environment - Bosnia and Herzegovina. We apply relevant probability modelling to test perceptions of individual respondents on different network effects obtained through a targeted representative survey. Furthermore, we explore whether some non-traditional influences might affect costumers, focusing on the role of demographic characteristics. Our results confirm that conventional network effects have a role in carrier selection, although they are different across carriers. However, we identify that the ethnicity of respondents overwhelms the traditional network effects by having the highest magnitude in the model. Our findings show that the “ethnic affiliation” of mobile carriers, attributed by the users, remains a persistent factor in attracting and keeping telecommunication costumers in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  19. Evaluation of DoD Contracts Regarding Combating Trafficking in Persons: U.S. Central Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    regarding allegations of contractor and U.S. Forces’ involvement in sexual slavery , human trafficking, and debt bondage. Prior to 2000, allegations of... sexual slavery , sex with minors, and human trafficking involving U.S. contractors in Bosnia and Herzegovina led to administrative and criminal...contemporary manifestation of slavery whose victims are predominantly women and children, to ensure just and effective punishment of traffickers, and to

  20. From Stalemate to Settlement: Lessons for Afghanistan from Historical Insurgencies That Have Been Resolved Through Negotiations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    settlement. And while the literature is rich with studies on the causes of negotiated settlements,14 postconflict and peace-building ramifications,15 and...of Cambodia; and the Declaration on the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of Cambo- dia. The agreements also established the UN Transitional...government, with the capital in Banja Luka. 6 The UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina was established in 1995 and tasked with a range of postconflict

  1. JAVNA INTERNA FINANSIJSKA KONTROLA U INSTITUCIJAMA BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE

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    Dalibor Sefer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Countries in transition and future members of the European Union that have signed the Stabilisation and Association Agreement are required to implement reform measures relating to internal control of economic subjects and budget users. Development of audit methods and improvement of audit control are being characterised as priorities in accordance with International audit standards. This reform aspect represents also an obligation of Bosnia and Herzegovina defined by the Stabilisation and Association Agreement. In order to provide support to candidate countries in their association process with their reform system of public internal control, the European Commission has developed a concept of public internal financial control. The purpose of this reform is to establish a unified system set up by Entity governments and the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the purpose of control, audit and reporting on utilisation of budget funds and funds received from the European Union. The aim of this reform is to secure harmonisation of laws, transparent, economic, efficient and effective utilisation of public funds and their control. Recent experiences in Bosnia and Herzegovina with the view of problems of public spending have shown the need for improvement of existing system of internal controls. Based on the concepts of public internal financial control, it is evident how necessary it is to establish a harmonising function with the purpose of harmonising financial management and control and internal audit through experiences and recommendations of the European Commission and with the due regard to particularities related to constitutional and legal competencies of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  2. "Probable Cause" for Maritime Interdictions Involving Illicit Radioactive Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    Initiative and the Law of the Sea,” 7. 19 Roberto Cesaretti, “Combating terrorism in the Mediterranean.” NATO Review (Autumn 2005), http...and the Law of the Sea,” 37-39; Doolin, “The Proliferation Security Initiative: Cornerstone of a New International Norm,” 29, 38. 12 Roberto ...included Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro , Croatia, and the U.S., the latter providing expertise on the detection of materials in question. On the

  3. Workers responsibility in food businesses during implementation of food safety system

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    Pero Pavlovic

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Workers’ responsibility and knowledge about HACCP implementation importance are key factors for consumers’ health prevention risk. Results presented in this paper are the results of surveys conducted in 117 food businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Except general information about a company and respondents, acquired information are on the level of understanding problems related to hygiene and foodstuff safety as well as about employees’ awareness of responsibility for stuff safety assurance.

  4. Split School of High Energy Physics 2015

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    Split School of High Energy Physics 2015 (SSHEP 2015) was held at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture (FESB), University of Split, from September 14 to September 18, 2015. SSHEP 2015 aimed at master and PhD students who were interested in topics pertaining to High Energy Physics. SSHEP 2015 is the sixth edition of the High Energy Physics School. Previous five editions were held at the Department of Physics, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  5. Die Doktorschule für Theologie bei der Universität aus Czernowitz (1877 – 1918)

    OpenAIRE

    Vasile Baltag

    2014-01-01

    Faculty of Theology of the Alma Mater Francisco-Josephina University in Czernowitz has contributed to the formation of Romanian and Ruthenian intellectual elite of ecclesi-astical structure, both in Bukovina and in other provinces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (Dalmatia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Slovenia) or in neighboring countries (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria). The theological undergraduate degree and, especially, the doctoral studies at University in Czernowitz has acquired a high prestige by v...

  6. Distribution high definition television channels in the former Yugoslavia

    OpenAIRE

    Petrović, Mile B.; Jakšić, Branimir S.; Jakšić, Krsto M.; Spalević, Žaklina S.; Pavlović, Miroslav P.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper presented an analysis of the distribution of high definition television (HDTV) channels in the countries of the Former Yugoslavia: Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia.. Gives an overview of number of channels on different forms of digital distribution: DVB-T, DVB-S, DVB-C and IPTV. A comparison of the share of HDTV compared to channels of the SDTV (Standard Definition) in various forms of distribution. Also featured is a representation of ...

  7. Why Did Southeastern European Countries Experience Low Inflation Rates in the Beginning of This Century?

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    Hiroyuki Yamada

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade, the inflation rates of Southeastern European (SEE countries - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia - have been more comparable to those in the euro area than to those in otherwise similar emerging economies; the only exception is Serbia. These low inflation rates can only partly be explained by initial price levels. In addition, the exchange rate regime is of paramount importance. Our analysis also explores additional differences between SEE and other regions

  8. Living with the Sins of Their Fathers: An Analysis of Self-Representation of Adolescents Born of War Rape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erjavec, Karmen; Volcic; Zala

    2010-01-01

    Children born of war rape continue to be a taboo theme in many post-war societies, also in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH). This study is based on in-depth interviews with eleven adolescents born of war rape in BH. The main goal is to present how these adolescents represent themselves and their life-situations. On the basis of the research we identify…

  9. JPRS Report Near East & South Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    grave is somewhere, marked with a stone with his name on it. If the court of appeals receives information confirming this, it will be the key to my...of Europe At the top of the pyramid , there is the Council of Member States, which has decisionmaking authority within the Community’s areas of...America’s role in the face of Serbian aggression against the Muslims in Bosnia and Herzegovina? These Muslims have been driven out of their homes, their

  10. Adoption of standard ERP solution in health care sector: is SAP ERP all-in-one capable to meet specific requirements?

    OpenAIRE

    Kraljic, Adnan; Kraljic, Tarik; Delismajlović, Denis

    2012-01-01

    Objective of this experience report is to address specific issues regarding standard SAP ERP implementation in a medical institution. Target Company is a state owned health care institution from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Report will treat selected issues which could trouble standard SAP ERP implementation trough predefined ERP implementation methodology for SAP ERP. This report presents observations/ remarks based on experience of authors in particular SAP ERP implementation project in health c...

  11. Asymmetric Fiscal Decentralization: Glue or Solvent?

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Canada, Russia, Nigeria, Indonesia, Macedonia, Switzerland, South Africa, China, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Spain, Uganda, the Philippines, Tanzania, India, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, the United Kingdom, Ethiopia, Turkey, Serbia, Algeria, Sudan, Moldova, Morocco, Cameroon, even France…What can such a diverse set of countries (and many others) have in common? The answer is that each contains within its boundaries a significant territorially-based group of people who are (or consider themselves to be...

  12. MJERE ZA JAČANJE VALUTNOG ODBORA U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI

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    Dejan Kovačević

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the posibilties for modifying existing currency board in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Generally, the currency board, as a monetary policy and exchange rate regime, has significant advantages in that it enables macroeconomic stabilization, primarily stabilization of inflationary expectations by establishing macroeconomic discipline; convertibility of domestic currency through its pegging to reserve currency, that normally covers monetary liabilities of the central bank; and increase in credibility and confidence in the domestic currency. As main disadvantages of the currency board, especially an orthodox currency board, stand out its procyclicality, due to inability of conducting autonomous monetary policy and nonexistence of the lender of last resort function, when the risks of financial crises increase. In the paper, based on available theoretical developments and solutions in practice, possible alternatives and measures for strengthening the existing monetary policy framework in Bosnia and Herzegovina – the orthodox currency board – have been analyzed, with the aim of increasing flexibility and resilience of the country’s monetary system and protection of its financial sector in conditions of a large economic crisis. Primarily, the possibility of introducing a lender of last resort function in the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina for providing liquidity backup for the banking sector has been considered, in which way the model of orthodox currency board would become closer to the model of quasi currency board, implemented in practice in many other countries.

  13. LEGAL MATRIMONIAL REGIME IN B&H

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    Boris Krešić

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Matrimonial regime between spouses or between extramarital partners, and between parents and children is regulated by the Family Law Act of Bosnia and Herzegovina Federation, hereinafter FLA B&HF (SG FBiH 35/05, 41/05, Family Law Act of the Republic of Srpska, hereinafter FLA RS (SG RS”54/02, 41/08 and the Family Law Act of Brčko District, hereinafter FLA BD (SG RS, 66/07. Legal rules used for the regulation of the matrimonial regime between spouses, as well as between spouses and third parties make matrimonial regime (Ponjavić, 2005, p. 361. Matrimonial regime between spouses in family legislation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H is regulated in two following ways: as legal matrimonial regime and as contract matrimonial regime. Legal regime is the one which applies on spouses if not arranged otherwise prior to contracting marriage or during marriage. In this paper the author indicates the differences between the legal matrimonial regimes of the two entities as well as those between the entities and Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  14. Sufism: The inner dimension of Islam

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    Vukomanović Milan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The first part of this article is a short introduction into Sufism, seen as a unique mode of expressing the internal, mystical dimension of Islam. In this section, the history, doctrine and ritual practice of the main dervish communities have been considered. In the second part, predominantly based on the author's preliminary field study of the extant dervish communities in Bosnia-Herzegovina, more attention has been dedicated to the revival of Islamic mysticism in a contemporary context. In terms of sociology of religion, the revitalization of Sufism in Bosnia-Herzegovina could be understood within the broader framework of the revival of classical religiosity in the Balkans. After World War Two, the activities of the dervish orders in Bosnia were prohibited, mainly due to the modernist Islamic community supported by the ruling structures. This, of course, should be taken into consideration when discussing the issue of Islamic orthodoxy versus mysticism. A complete renewal of Sufism has taken place in the 1990s, after the dissolution of Yugoslavia and completion of the war. Therefore, one is dealing here with the renewal of classical religiosity, because Sufism had been developed within Orthodox Islam in Bosnia since the Ottoman period.

  15. What Strategy Should Bulgaria Pursue to Track and Disrupt Terror Networks in the Balkans?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    combination of ethnic and religious disputes, its economy, and its political weaknesses, Macedonia has become a country that is significantly...former Yugoslavia collapsed at the beginning of the 1990s, followed by the ethnic civil wars in Bosnia and Kosovo, the Balkans turned into an arena...of the 1990s, followed by the ethnic civil wars in Bosnia and Kosovo, the Balkans turned into an arena for the spread of Islamic fundamentalism and

  16. Regionalism and geopolitics

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    Knežević Miloš

    2002-01-01

    in the three territories: in the Republic of Serbia - from which Kosovo and Metohia were amputated and placed under the UN protectorate - in the entire Republic of Montenegro and in the Republic Srpska, located in one part of the former Bosnia and Herzegovina. Demopolitical result of the geopolitical destruction of the Serbian ethnos was a great movement of the Serbian population from the west to the east, and its concentration in the territory of the Republic of Serbia this implied that the Serbs were expelled from their millennia-long abodes in Croatia, parts of Bosnia and from Kosmet. The geo-economic result of the same process was the devastation of the national economic strength west of the Drina and in the southern province. Economic regression occurred also in the national parent-land state. Balkan re-arrangement of the spheres of interest in the post-bipolar period was in 1995. fixed by the interest arrangement of the great powers known under the name Dayton Peace Agreement. Redistribution of the territories from the destroyed state occurred in the post-communist period with the expansion of west-civilization structures to the European east Westernization of the eastern part of Europe, or entire Europe as the other pole of the global West, could be characterized as a dual mega-regionality. Namely, the west is composed of Europe and America; on the other side, there is the global East or its hybrid variation Eurasia. With the disappearance of their common state and its framework, south Slavs found themselves in the seemingly independent, and actually client states. Western delimitation of the south Slavic area moved from the Yugoslav borders towards a wider Balkan demarcation. One could say that the revitalized notion of the Balkans became a new, in many aspects obligatory framework for regional thinking. The Balkan macroregion is further determined by the intentions to expand the European Union. One of the Euro-centric concepts, which is being experimentally

  17. Russia and the problem of Kosovo and Metohija

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    Simić Predrag

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Nearly ten years since the 1999 NATO military intervention against Serbia and the establishment of UN administration, Kosovo and Metohija has resurfaced as a topical issue in international politics, separating the positions of the USA and Russia, and becoming a precedent in international relations, possibly with far-reaching consequences not only for the future of the western Balkans but also for many territorial disputes worldwide. Russia has only recently pulled herself out of the years-long Chechnya crisis, and facing similar problems in her 'new neighborhood' (Abkhazia, South Ossetia Transdniestria, is among the countries that might be affected by this precedent. Secondly, with her bad experience in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s, Russia has become sensitive not only to any disturbance in the balance of power in the Balkans but also to any change to the existing international order. Moscow has not forgotten that during the 1990s many Westerners saw Serbia as a 'metaphor for Russia' and that the NATO interventions against the Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1995 and against Serbia (1999 revealed Russia's weakness, sending her the message to give up her interests in the Balkans and Europe. Thirdly, diverging American and Russian policies on Kosovo and Metohija coincide with their strained relations over the deployment of an antimissile 'shield' in Poland and the Czech Republic, the war in Iraq, policy towards Iran and other issues currently at the top of the list of international problems. Fourthly, meanwhile Russia has managed to recover from the disintegration of the USSR and to consolidate her economic and political power in Europe and the world, owing above all to oil and gas exports, but also to the export of industrial products (military in particular. The precedent that an independent Kosovo and Metohija would constitute in international relations is therefore a test of Russia's role as a permanent member of the UN Security Council

  18. Patterns and trends in human papillomavirus-related diseases in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bray, Freddie; Lortet-Tieulent, Joannie; Znaor, Ariana; Brotons, Maria; Poljak, Mario; Arbyn, Marc

    2013-12-31

    This article provides an overview of cervical cancer and other human papillomavirus (HPV)-related diseases in Central and Eastern Europe (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and the Former Yugoslav Republic [FYR] of Macedonia) and Central Asia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan). Despite two- to three-fold variations, cervical cancer incidence rates are high in many countries in these two regions relative to other populations on the European and Asian continents. In Central and Eastern Europe, Romania and the FYR of Macedonia had the highest rates in 2008 alongside Bulgaria, Lithuania and Serbia, while in Central Asia, rates are elevated in Kyrgyzstan (the highest rates across the regions), Kazakhstan and Armenia. In each of these countries, at least one woman in 50 develops cervical cancer before the age of 75. The high cervical cancer burden is exacerbated by a lack of effective screening and an increasing risk of death from the disease among young women, as observed in Belarus, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan. In several countries with longstanding cancer registries of reasonable quality (Belarus, Estonia and the Russian Federation), there are clear birth cohort effects; the risk of onset of cervical cancer is increasing in successive generations of women born from around 1940-50, a general phenomenon indicative of changing sexual behaviour and increasing risk of persistent HPV infection. There are limited data for other HPV-related cancers and other diseases at present in these countries. While options for reducing the HPV-related disease burden are resource-dependent, universal HPV vaccination with enhanced screening would maximally reduce the burden of

  19. Bosnia and Herzegovina’s cross border cooperation : applying typologies and revising histories

    OpenAIRE

    Shaw, Calum

    2011-01-01

    Aquest document amplia el treball realitzat per Oliveras, durada i Perkmann en l'estudi de la cooperació transfronterera (CBC) a Europa. S'argumenta que el catàleg de les transferències regions (CBR), desenvolupat per Oliveras, durada i Perkmann el 2010, ha d'incloure la CBR que han sorgit com a resultat de l'ampliació actual de la UE en l'Oest Balcans. També serveix per donar suport a la opinió que una quarta etapa en la història desenvolupament de CBC a Europa encara no ha començat. El docu...

  20. Challenges and Opportunities in the Use of Marketing Tools and the Promotion of Non Wood Forest Products-Based Small and Medium Enterprises in the South East Europe

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    Makedonka Stojanovska

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: The South-east Europe (SEE region is facing a new market economy era where establishing new businesses is more than needed in all sectors. The forest sector, faced with new market emerging opportunities, is affected by the constant increase of a number of forest related enterprises. This paper describes the challenges and opportunities related to the use of marketing tools for improving business of the small and medium enterprises (SMEs dealing with non-wood forest products (NWFPs in SEE region. The research on this subject in the SEE region is scarce despite the rich biodiversity as a solid base for establishing eco-businesses. Materials and Methods: The method used in this paper is quantitative, based on survey data collected from enterprises in the NWFPs sector followed by statistical data analyses using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS. The survey was conducted during 2011 and 2012 in four SEE countries: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Macedonia. Results: The results showed that developed channels of distribution, branding and advertising of NWFPs are recognized in all countries as important and very important, but these marketing tools are used only few times per year. The majority of respondents pointed out advertising as the most frequently used and as the most successful tool. Interviewees’ future investments are to be focused on improving equipment for drying, packing, refrigerating and transport. Several entrepreneurs from Macedonia pointed out that they would invest in increasing the number of buying points and herb plantations while almost all Croatian entrepreneurs will invest in advertising, branding and promotion. Majority of respondents from Serbia are also of the opinion that financial resources should be invested in new equipment. The reasons for these investments can be summarized in reducing costs and increasing profit or in faster turnover. Conclusions: The use of marketing

  1. Preservation of a traditional timber roof: the case of the Handanija mosque

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    Mevludin Zečević

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the authors provide a brief overview of their personal involvement in the inspection of the roof timbers of the Handanija Mosque in Prusac. As well as the inspection, the authors were asked to propose a design for the roof structure. The Handanija Mosque, built in 1617, is an important example of the cultural heritage of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the mosque was designated as a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2005. The form, design and proportions of this traditional vernacular building render it a unique example of the classical style.The mosque is rectangular in plan, with sides of 16.30 x 12.70 m, and belongs to the single-space type of mosque with an open porch and stone minaret. It was damaged by shelling during the 1992-1995 war, taking several direct hits to the walls, roof and minaret. The roof timbers were completely destroyed and the rest of the building was badly damaged.The authors suggested amending the structural bearing system by eliminating the hanging trusses and introducing the traditional components of posts, beams, struts and tie beams, as typical of this type of building. A 52.5° roof pitch was suggested, in keeping with Bosnia"s traditional vernacular architecture, which also reduces the intensity of horizontal forces. Authors suggest a 52.5° roof pitch for the following reasons: it is in keeping with the indigenous architecture of Central Bosnia, it reduces the intensity of horizontal forces, and it takes account of the fact that a hand-cut roof cladding does not always ensure identical geometry and pitch.

  2. THE CULTURE OF COEXISTENCE AND PERCEPTION OF THE OTHER IN THE WESTERN BALKANS

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    Sibel Akova

    2015-04-01

    , belonging to the Greek Orthodox Church, the Croat and Slovene peoples belonging to the Catholic Church and the Muslin Bosniaks have shared the same lands and livee in coexistence throughout the historical process, despite having different beliefs. However, in some periods the other and the perception of the other have replaced common values, leading to conflicts of interest, unrest and religion based wars. After the breakup of the Yugoslavian Federal Socialist Republic, Slovenia, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo, defined by the European Union as the Western Balkans, have established themselves as nation states of the stage of history. The scope of our study is these Western Balkan Countries, and we will use the terminology Western Balkans throughout.

  3. Migration routes and stopover sites of the Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia between the Carpathian Basin and wintering areas

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    Pigniczki Csaba

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the migration routes of the Central European Spoonbill population is important for their conservation. Here we analysed movements of 3186 individuals of Eurasian Spoonbills marked with colour rings in the Carpathian Basin (Hungary, Croatia and Serbia between 2003 and 2015, and a satellite tagged individual, which was equipped in Italy in 2013, and later moved to the Carpathian Basin. Migration routes of these Spoonbills predominantly followed the Adriatic Flyway, however, some birds were also found to both east and west from this flyway. We identified 59 stopover sites, 55 of which were located along the Adriatic Flyway. Colourringed juveniles (1cy, on average, spent 4.0±0.9 (SE days on the stopover sites along the Adriatic Flyway during autumn migration, while non-juveniles (> 1cy spent 2.6±1.0 (SE days during autumn and 2.1±0.4 (SE days during spring migration there. These durations were not significantly different. Duration of stops of the satellite tracked individual was between 7 and 15 days during autumn and between 1 and 12 days during spring migration. Our results indicate the existence of two alternative routes of the Adriatic Flyway between the Carpathian Basin and the wintering areas in southern Italy and the central part of coastal North-Africa. The North-Adriatic Flyway includes stopover sites in north-eastern Italy at the river mouth of River Isonzo, Lagunes of Venice and wetlands around River Po. The South Adriatic Flyway leads through the Balkan Peninsula, with stopover sites at the karst lakes of Bosnia and Herzegovina, mouth of the river Neretva (Croatia, Ulcinj Salinas (Montenegro and wetlands in Gulf of Manfredonia (Italy. This hypothesis was also supported by the migration of the satellite tagged individual, the paths of which was described here in detail. The average coordinates of spring and autumn stopover sites were located at different parts of the flyway: it was in south-western Italy during autumn

  4. The C6 Program: Monitoring Climatic Changes in Canyons and Caves Involving Scientific Istitutions, Environmental NGOs and Mountain Sport Associations

    Science.gov (United States)

    di Pietro, R.; Casamento, G.; Interlandi, M.; Madonia, P.

    2007-12-01

    The acronym "C6" means "Climatic Changes and Carbon Cycle in Canyons and Caves". The project was born in 2005, joining under the scientific supervision of the Palermo branch of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia two different programs both active since 1999; the first was due to the initiative of the Italian Canyoning Association, a no-profit association aimed to the diffusion of the canyoning sport practise in Italy, the second one, developed by the NGO Legambiente Sicilia and funded by the Regione Siciliana-Assessorato Territorio e Ambiente (Sicilian Regional Government, Territorial and Environmental Department), managing the natural reserves of Santa Ninfa, Carburangeli and Sant'Angelo Muxaro caves (Sicily), was focused to verify the existence of a possible environmental negative feedback of human fruition. In 2005 the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature of Jordan joined the program, and a new site was established inside the Shagher Daghleh Canyon in the Wadi Dana Reserve. In October 2006 the Caver Federation of Bosnia Herzegovina joined the C6 program and another observational site was instituted into a cave close to Sarajevo. Preliminary data acquired indicate how canyons play a very important role in biodiversity preservation in arid and semi-arid environments, whereas caves are extraordinary natural laboratories for the study of carbon dioxide partition between atmosphere and lithosphere, of the effect of rain dynamic on the underground aquifer recharge and, last but not least, of the monitoring of climatic changes. The success of the initiative is based on the very different nature of the co-participants. Caver and canyoning associations guarantee the safe accessibility to difficult environments, like canyons and caves. The selection as measuring sites of natural reserves managed by NGOs, whose activity is essentially based on volunteers, ensure on one hand their environmental stability on a long term perspective, on the other hand

  5. Reoccupying Public Space by Hatred and Ethnic Cleansing. Case study: Banja Luka

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    Srđan Šušnica

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the symbolism and the meaning of ethno-religious graffiti, slogans and stickers especially as they are used on the streets of Banja Luka. The city used to be a strategic centre for armed forces but is today the political centre of Republika Srpska (RS, supposedly a legitimate military conquest of the people of Serbia. Responses in ethno-religious graffiti can be turbulent. In our case, narrative and visual codes transmit dominant messages and myths of the Serbian ethnical corpus which can easily become hate speech, especially in the post-war context, in which ethno-religious differences are being brought to the fore, war crimes and armed victories are being exalted and expressions of non-tolerance are common. This aggressive visibility of »ours« pushes all the rest and anyone who is different into invisibility and self-censoring. The arti