WorldWideScience

Sample records for boredom

  1. A Closer Look at Classroom Boredom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karmos, Joseph S.; Karmos, Ann H.

    1983-01-01

    A threefold approach, presented for combatting boredom in the classroom, involves (1) understanding the dynamics of boredom; (2) interpersonal skills to help students understand and manage boredom; and (3) guidelines for selecting classroom procedures to decrease boredom. (Author/PP)

  2. On the Function of Boredom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heather C. Lench

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Boredom is frequently considered inconsequential and has received relatively little research attention. We argue that boredom has important implications for human functioning, based on emotion theory and empirical evidence. Specifically, we argue that boredom motivates pursuit of new goals when the previous goal is no longer beneficial. Exploring alternate goals and experiences allows the attainment of goals that might be missed if people fail to reengage. Similar to other discrete emotions, we propose that boredom has specific and unique impacts on behavior, cognition, experience and physiology. Consistent with a broader argument that boredom encourages the behavioral pursuit of alternative goals, we argue that, while bored, attention to the current task is reduced, the experience of boredom is negative and aversive, and that boredom increases autonomic arousal to ready the pursuit of alternatives. By motivating desire for change from the current state, boredom increases opportunities to attain social, cognitive, emotional and experiential stimulation that could have been missed. We review the limited extant literature to support these claims, and call for more experimental boredom research.

  3. Identifying a reliable boredom induction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markey, Amanda; Chin, Alycia; Vanepps, Eric M; Loewenstein, George

    2014-08-01

    None of the tasks used to induce boredom have undergone rigorous psychometric validation, which creates potential problems for operational equivalence, comparisons across studies, statistical power, and confounding results. This methodological concern was addressed by testing and comparing the effectiveness of six 5-min. computerized boredom inductions (peg turning, audio, video, signature matching, one-back, and an air traffic control task). The tasks were evaluated using standard criteria for emotion inductions: intensity and discreteness. Intensity, the amount of boredom elicited, was measured using a subset of the Multidimensional State Boredom Scale. Discreteness, the extent to which the task elicited boredom and did not elicit other emotions, was measured using a modification of the Differential Emotion Scale. In both a laboratory setting (Study 1; N = 241) and an online setting with Amazon Mechanical Turk workers (Study 2; N = 416), participants were randomly assigned to one of seven tasks (six boredom tasks or a comparison task, a clip from Planet Earth) before rating their boredom using the MSBS and other emotions using the modified DES. In both studies, each task had significantly higher intensity and discreteness than the comparison task, with moderate to large effect sizes. The peg-turning task outperformed the other tasks in both intensity and discreteness, making it the recommended induction. Identification of reliable and valid boredom inductions and systematic comparison of their relative results should help advance state boredom research. PMID:25153752

  4. Examining boredom : Different causes for different coping profiles

    OpenAIRE

    Daniels, Lia M.; Tze, Vriginia M.C.; Goetz, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Research has shown that boredom impedes students' academic functioning. Although recent studies have identified varying causes of boredom in school settings and the effectiveness of cognitive-approach coping in managing this negative emotion, little is known about how the perceived causes of boredom relate to coping with boredom. According to the contextual approach to coping, certain forms of coping may be linked to different situational causes of boredom. Therefore, the purposes of this stu...

  5. Ethnic and gender differences in boredom proneness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibson, G.S.; Morales,

    1996-02-01

    Although boredom may exhibit many shared elements, culturally specific attitudes have also been found to exist. The present paper investigated boredom proneness among African-American college students. Data from 120 participants on the Boredom Proneness (BP) Scale was analyzed and compared to cross-cultural participants. African-American females scored significantly higher than African-American males. Scores were presented from two other studies to show a comparative look at boredom proneness in five other ethnic groups. African-American females are the only female ethnic group to score higher on the BP Scale than their male counterparts. Additionally, overall African-Americans, were found to have higher BP scores than their Western counterparts.

  6. Boredom and Action—Experiences from Youth Confinement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsson, Tea Torbenfeldt

    2012-01-01

    . Waiting is a defining aspect of the experienced boredom, and the young people spend much time “doing nothing,” finding it difficult to relate to the unit’s daily routines. Analyses show that the young people deal with the experience of boredom through the generation of risk-taking action.......Few studies have examined boredom as a central experience of everyday life. This article adds to the boredom-related literature by examining the role of boredom and boredom-aversion in the everyday life of young people confined in secure care for young offenders. Data are primarily drawn from an...... ethnographic study in a Danish secure care unit and include both participant observation and interviews with unit residents. Drawing on theories of boredom and young people’s creation of action through risk-taking edgework, the article demonstrates how boredom is a key experience in daily life in secure care...

  7. Entertained to excess: the contemporary practices of boredom

    OpenAIRE

    Myöhänen, Henri

    2012-01-01

    Boredom has rarely been discussed within the social sciences or in the field of consumer research. Therefore this study performs an ethnography of how boredom becomes negotiated in contemporary consumer culture and how does coping with boredom become emergently embodied in spatiotemporal surroundings by researching everyday routines and rituals, consumption of time, and boredom in the context of social consumption practices such as traveling, music business and sports like snowboarding and fo...

  8. Self-Report Measures of Boredom: An Updated Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vodanovich, Stephen J; Watt, John D

    2016-01-01

    A detailed review of the psychometric measures of boredom was published approximately 12 years ago (Vodanovich, 2003). Since that time, numerous studies have been conducted on existing scales, and new measures of boredom have been developed. Given these assessment advancements, an updated review of self-report boredom scales is warranted. The primary focus of the current review is research published since 2003, and it includes a total of 16 boredom scales. The measures reviewed consist of two trait assessments (Boredom Proneness Scale, Boredom Susceptibility subscale of the Sensation Seeking Scale), five context-specific trait boredom scales (Boredom Coping Scale, Leisure Boredom Scale, Free Time Boredom Scale, Sexual Boredom Scale, Relational Boredom Scale), three assessments of state boredom (Multidimensional State Boredom Scale, State Boredom Measure, Boredom Experience Scale), and six context-specific state boredom measures-Lee's Job Boredom Scale, Dutch Boredom Scale, Boredom Coping Scale (Academic), the Boredom subscale of the Achievement Emotions Questionnaire, Academic Boredom Scale, Precursors to Boredom Scale. In addition to providing a review of these measures, a brief critique of each scale is included, as well as suggestions for needed research focus. PMID:26646053

  9. The Unengaged Mind: Defining Boredom in Terms of Attention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastwood, John D; Frischen, Alexandra; Fenske, Mark J; Smilek, Daniel

    2012-09-01

    Our central goal is to provide a definition of boredom in terms of the underlying mental processes that occur during an instance of boredom. Through the synthesis of psychodynamic, existential, arousal, and cognitive theories of boredom, we argue that boredom is universally conceptualized as "the aversive experience of wanting, but being unable, to engage in satisfying activity." We propose to map this conceptualization onto underlying mental processes. Specifically, we propose that boredom be defined in terms of attention. That is, boredom is the aversive state that occurs when we (a) are not able to successfully engage attention with internal (e.g., thoughts or feelings) or external (e.g., environmental stimuli) information required for participating in satisfying activity, (b) are focused on the fact that we are not able to engage attention and participate in satisfying activity, and (c) attribute the cause of our aversive state to the environment. We believe that our definition of boredom fully accounts for the phenomenal experience of boredom, brings existing theories of boredom into dialogue with one another, and suggests specific directions for future research on boredom and attention. PMID:26168505

  10. How Accurately Can Parents Judge Their Children's Boredom in School?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nett, Ulrike E; Daschmann, Elena C; Goetz, Thomas; Stupnisky, Robert H

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to explore what parents know about their Children's boredom in school; specifically, the frequency, intensity, and antecedents of their Children's boredom, as well as how they cope with boredom. A questionnaire was administered to 437 grade 9 students (54% female, M age = 14.82) and their parents (72% mothers, 14% fathers, 12% both parents, M age = 45.26) measuring variables related to students boredom in mathematics class. Three different measurements were used to evaluate the accuracy of parents' judgments: (1) the correlation between parents' and students' answers, (2) the mean differences between parents' and students' answers, and (3) the mean values of absolute differences of parents' and students' answers. The results suggest that parents generally have an informed knowledge about their child's boredom and related facets. This is reflected by a mean correlation of medium size ( = 0.34) and a small mean effect size of the difference between parents' and students' judgments over all items ( = 0.20). Parents are also substantially better in judging their Children's boredom compared to guessing for all variables (mean effect size of = 0.65). They had the most precise judgments for the frequency and intensity of boredom. The antecedents of boredom (e.g., characteristics of instruction) were also well estimated by parents; specifically, parents tend to have a bias in favor for their children evidenced by overestimating antecedents that cannot be influenced by the students and underestimating those that can be influenced by the students. The least concordance was found between parents' and Children's perception of boredom coping strategies (e.g., accepting boredom), implying that parents lack information about how their children intentionally cope with boredom. Implications for research on student boredom are discussed as well as practical applications involving parents in boredom prevention. PMID:27445876

  11. Boredom and Passion: Triggers of Habitual Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Sabine; Neergaard, Helle

    To date, habitual entrepreneurship research has mainly focused on comparing novice with habitual business founders and creating typologies. The purpose of this paper is to examine and explain the underlying reasons why habitual entrepreneurs establish new businesses repeatedly and continually....... The case based, the study identifies eight factors, which contribute to consecutive venture creation. The findings suggest that boredom and passion are necessary conditions triggering habitual entrepreneurship. Other important mechanisms included the joy of discovering and exploiting an opportunity...

  12. Coping with boredom in school : an experience sampling perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Nett, Ulrike; Götz, Thomas; Hall, Nathan

    2011-01-01

    The present study explored students' use of boredom-related coping strategies at trait and state levels. Two trait-based dimensions of coping relevant to boredom were considered, namely approach – versus avoidance-oriented and cognitively – versus behaviorally-oriented coping strategies. The two dimensions were assessed in a self-report questionnaire administered to 537 grade 11 students (55.3% female, Mage = 17.15 years). Additionally, 79 of these participants completed state-based boredom-r...

  13. Coping with Boredom in School : An Experience Sampling Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Nett, Ulrike; Götz, Thomas; Hall, Nathan C.

    2010-01-01

    The present study explored students’ use of boredom-related coping strategies at trait and state levels. Two trait-based dimensions of coping relevant to boredom were considered, namely approach – versus avoidance-oriented and cognitively – versus behaviorally-oriented coping strategies. The two dimensions were assessed in a self-report questionnaire administered to 537 grade 11 students (55.3% female, Mage = 17.15 years). Additionally, 79 of these participants completed state-based boredom-r...

  14. Examining Leisure Boredom in High School Students in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akgul, Merve Beyza

    2015-01-01

    High school students who do not have leisure skills are more likely to be bored during leisure time. The aim of the study is to examine leisure boredom of high school students based on some variables (gender and income), and to investigate the relationship between leisure boredom, the presence/absence of anti-social behavior and the frequency at…

  15. Boredom in the Lecture Theatre: An Investigation into the Contributors, Moderators and Outcomes of Boredom amongst University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Sandi; Robinson, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Student boredom within the school system has been widely studied and shown to be linked to various negative consequences such as diminished academic achievement, school dissatisfaction and truancy. However, little attention has been given to the issue of boredom within higher education and the current study aims to redress this balance. Two…

  16. The validation of a workplace boredom scale within the South African context / Susanna Maria van Wyk

    OpenAIRE

    Van Wyk, Susanna Maria

    2015-01-01

    Boredom at work is a concern, as both employees and organisations are affected by the negative effects that this phenomenon holds. Workplace boredom is becoming an increasingly common occurrence within organisations and most employees are susceptible to it. To date, no reliable and valid scale for workplace boredom is available in South Africa. This study aimed to validate the Dutch Boredom Scale (DUBS) within the South African context in an attempt to provide a scale suitable ...

  17. Boredom proneness: its relationship to psychological- and physical-health symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommers, J; Vodanovich, S J

    2000-01-01

    The relationship between boredom proneness and health-symptom reporting was examined. Undergraduate students (N = 200) completed the Boredom Proneness Scale and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. A multiple analysis of covariance indicated that individuals with high boredom-proneness total scores reported significantly higher ratings on all five subscales of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (Obsessive-Compulsive, Somatization, Anxiety, Interpersonal Sensitivity, and Depression). The results suggest that boredom proneness may be an important element to consider when assessing symptom reporting. Implications for determining the effects of boredom proneness on psychological- and physical-health symptoms. as well as the application in clinical settings, are discussed. PMID:10661377

  18. Watching the paint dry at work: psychometric examination of the Dutch Boredom Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reijseger, Gaby; Schaufeli, Wilmar B; Peeters, Maria C W; Taris, Toon W; van Beek, Ilona; Ouweneel, Else

    2013-09-01

    Boredom at work is a state of employee unwell-being that is characterized by relatively low arousal and high dissatisfaction. At present little is known about boredom at work. In order to facilitate future research, the current study introduces a brief self-report questionnaire that assesses boredom at work, the Dutch Boredom Scale (DUBS). We argue that (1) boredom at work can be distinguished empirically from related concepts such as work engagement and job burnout; (2) boredom at work results from having an unchallenging, "passive" job; and (3) the subsequent lack of challenge in the form of boredom may result in dissatisfaction with the job and with the organization. Using data from 6315 employees, factor analysis supported the factorial and discriminant validity of the DUBS vis-à-vis engagement and burnout. As expected, structural equation modeling revealed that demands and resources were negatively associated with boredom. Moreover, boredom at work was negatively related with job satisfaction and organizational commitment, and positively with turnover intention. These findings support the validity of the DUBS. Future research may focus on underemployment as an antecedent of boredom at work, and on the effects of boredom on job performance.

  19. Young Men, Time and Boredom in the Republic of Georgia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Martin Demant

    In the midst of societal optimism, how do young men cope with the loss of a vibrant future? Young Men, Time, and Boredom in the Republic of Georgia provides a vivid exploration of the tension between subjective and societal time and the ways these tensions create experiences of marginality among...

  20. Psychological Time as Information: The case of Boredom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan eZakay

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The flow of time is experienced by humans although the exact nature of time is not well understood. The importance of time in human's life is not in dispute and is reflected by several dimensions like duration, which is best representing the naive meaning of time. Psychological time serves seveal important functions which are essential for being able to act and survive in a dynamic environment. In the present paper we argue that psychological time in the form of sensing the pace of the flow of time provides important information to the executive system which control and monitor behavior. When information processing load is below an optimal level for a specific individual, a feeling of boredom is raised. Boredom is accompanied by a slowing of the felt pace of the flow of time. Boredom is a unique mental state which is linked with decreasing efficeincy in cognitive and perceptual performance and is correlated with low job satisfaction and general well-being. As such, boredom poses a threat to normal functioning. We suggest that the felt slowing in the flow of time is a signal which, similarly to pain, is aimed at alerting the executive system that resources should be recruited in order to cope with the hazardous state.

  1. What to do when feeling bored? : Students' strategies for coping with boredom

    OpenAIRE

    Nett, Ulrike; Götz, Thomas; Daniels, Lia Marie

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this study was to explore different strategies for coping with boredom. A questionnaire was developed targeting two dimensions of coping, namely approach versus avoidance oriented coping and cognitive versus behavioral oriented coping. First, based on the responses of 976 students (51% female) from grades 5 to 10, the structure of the coping with boredom scales was verified by confirmatory factor analysis. In a second step, 3 different boredom-coping groups were identified by late...

  2. The psychometric properties of a workplace boredom scale (DUBS within the South African context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumarie M. van Wyk

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Boredom at work has been shown to be a concern for individuals and organisations. At the time of this research, no validated scale was available to measure and investigate workplace boredom within the South African context.Research purpose: To determine the psychometric properties of the Dutch Boredom Scale (DUBS within the South African context. Motivation for the study: No reliable and valid scale for workplace boredom was available in South Africa at the time of the current research. Boredom at work has been found to affect organisations negatively in other countries. Insights are needed into workplace boredom and how it affects the outcomes of organisations in South Africa. Research design, approach and method: A cross-sectional research approach was utilised. A random convenience sample (N = 490 was obtained from organisations within the manufacturing and logistics sector. In order to validate the DUBS, the factor structure, construct validity (convergent and discriminant validity and scale reliability were investigated. A mediation model was also tested with structural equation modelling to ascertain predictive validity.Main findings: The results showed that the one-factor structure of the DUBS could be confirmed and that this factor had acceptable reliability. In terms of convergent validity, all of the item indicators loaded significantly on the workplace boredom construct, and the relationship between workplace boredom and work underload revealed that they were positively correlated with medium effect size. Furthermore, work engagement and organisational commitment were correlated negatively in terms of practical significance with workplace boredom. A structural mediation model showed that work underload was significantly and positively associated with boredom, which in turn had significant negative relations to both work engagement and organisational commitment. No significant direct relations were found from work

  3. Environmental enrichment reduces signs of boredom in caged mink.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca K Meagher

    Full Text Available Animals housed in impoverished cages are often labelled 'bored'. They have also been called 'apathetic' or 'depressed', particularly when profoundly inactive. However, these terms are rarely operationally defined and validated. As a negative state caused by under-stimulation, boredom should increase interest in stimuli of all kinds. Apathy (lack of interest, by contrast, should manifest as decreased interest in all stimuli, while anhedonia (loss of pleasure, a depressive symptom should specifically decrease interest in normally rewarding stimuli. We tested the hypotheses that mink, a model carnivore, experience more boredom, depression-like apathy, or anhedonia in non-enriched (NE cages than in complex, enriched (E cages. We exposed 29 subjects (13 E, 16 NE to ten stimuli categorized a priori as aversive (e.g. air puffs, rewarding (e.g. evoking chasing or ambiguous/neutral (e.g. candles. Interest in stimuli was assessed via latencies to contact, contact durations, and durations oriented to stimuli. NE mink contacted all stimuli faster (P = 0.003 than E mink, and spent longer oriented to/in contact with them, albeit only significantly so for ambiguous ones (treatment*type P<0.013. With stimulus category removed from statistical models, interest in all stimuli was consistently higher among NE mink (P<0.0001 for all measures. NE mink also consumed more food rewards (P = 0.037. Finally, we investigated whether lying down while awake and stereotypic behaviour (both increased by NE housing predicted these responses. Lying awake positively co-varied with certain measures of increased exploration. In contrast, stereotypic 'scrabbling' or locomotion (e.g. pacing did not. Overall, NE mink showed no evidence of apathy or depression, but instead a heightened investigation of diverse stimuli consistent with boredom. This state was potentially indicated by spending much time lying still but awake (although this result requires replication. Boredom can

  4. Existential boredom: the experience of living on haemodialysis therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, A; Scott, P A; Darbyshire, P

    2009-12-01

    Empathy is an essential component of professional nursing practice. In order to empathise appropriately with patients, it is crucial that nurses appreciate, understand and respond to their patients' experience of illness. This study sought to explore the experiences of 16 people with end stage renal disease on haemodialysis therapy in Ireland. A hermeneutical phenomenological methodology was employed incorporating qualitative interviews. The data were analysed using qualitative interpretive analysis. The experience of waiting was significant for the participants in the study. The experience of waiting was constituted by two themes labelled killing time and wasting time. It is suggested that the participants' experience of waiting is reminiscent of Heidegger's existential account of boredom. Moreover, the existential perspective of boredom contained within the participants' accounts is also depicted by Beckett in his play Waiting for Godot. Consequently, the literature of both existential writers is incorporated to provide a more in-depth description of the participants' experience of waiting. It is hoped that the insights provided in this paper will enable practitioners to gain a new awareness and understanding of patients' experiences of end stage renal disease and haemodialysis therapy. This would subsequently enable these professionals to empathise more effectively with their patients' situation and respond more appropriately to their care needs. PMID:23674698

  5. On Boredom and Social Identity:A Pragmatic Meaning-Regulation Approach

    OpenAIRE

    van Tilburg, Wijnand A.P.; Igou, Eric R.

    2011-01-01

    People who feel bored experience that their current situation is meaningless and are motivated to reestablish a sense of meaningfulness. Building on the literature that conceptualizes social identification as source of meaningfulness, the authors tested the hypothesis that boredom increases the valuation of ingroups and devaluation of outgroups. Indeed, state boredom increased the liking of an ingroup name (Study 1), it increased hypothetical jail sentences given to an outgroup offender (Stud...

  6. Analysis of physiological signals for recognition of boredom, pain, and surprise emotions

    OpenAIRE

    Jang, Eun-Hye; Park, Byoung-Jun; Park, Mi-Sook; Kim, Sang-Hyeob; Sohn, Jin-Hun

    2015-01-01

    Background The aim of the study was to examine the differences of boredom, pain, and surprise. In addition to that, it was conducted to propose approaches for emotion recognition based on physiological signals. Methods Three emotions, boredom, pain, and surprise, are induced through the presentation of emotional stimuli and electrocardiography (ECG), electrodermal activity (EDA), skin temperature (SKT), and photoplethysmography (PPG) as physiological signals are measured to collect a dataset ...

  7. On boredom and social identity: a pragmatic meaning-regulation approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Tilburg, Wijnand A P; Igou, Eric R

    2011-12-01

    People who feel bored experience that their current situation is meaningless and are motivated to reestablish a sense of meaningfulness. Building on the literature that conceptualizes social identification as source of meaningfulness, the authors tested the hypothesis that boredom increases the valuation of ingroups and devaluation of outgroups. Indeed, state boredom increased the liking of an ingroup name (Study 1), it increased hypothetical jail sentences given to an outgroup offender (Study 2 and Study 3), especially in comparison to an ingroup offender (Study 3), it increased positive evaluations of participants' ingroups, especially when ingroups were not the most favored ones to begin with (Study 4), and it increased the appreciation of an ingroup symbol, mediated by people's need to engage in meaningful behavior (Study 5). Several measures ruled out that these results could be explained by other affective states. These novel findings are discussed with respect to boredom, social identity, and existential psychology research. PMID:21844095

  8. Boredom Proneness, Social Connectedness, and Sexual Addiction among Men Who Have Sex with Male Internet Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaney, Michael P.; Blalock, Andrew C.

    2006-01-01

    The authors collected surveys from 517 men who have sex with men (MSM) recruited from Internet chat rooms to examine the relationships among boredom, social connectedness, and sexual addiction. The results provide addictions professionals psychosocial factors to assess when working with sexually addicted MSM. (Contains 3 tables.)

  9. The Development of Leisure Boredom in Early Adolescence: Predictors and Longitudinal Associations with Delinquency and Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spaeth, Michael; Weichold, Karina; Silbereisen, Rainer K.

    2015-01-01

    The literature proposes that leisure boredom may systematically increase during adolescence. Moreover, some authors assume that this hypothesized developmental trend is associated with increases in youthful delinquency and depression. Individual dispositions (e.g., temperamental disinhibition) are believed to exacerbate the relationship between…

  10. Time Perspectives and Boredom Coping Strategies of Undergraduate Students from Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eren, Altay; Coskun, Hamit

    2015-01-01

    Using person-centered and variable-centered analyses, this study examined the relationships between undergraduate students' time perspectives and boredom coping strategies. A total of 719 undergraduate students voluntarily participated in the study. Results of the study showed that undergraduate students' time perspectives can be…

  11. Engagement, boredom, and burnout among students : Basic need satisfaction matters more than personality traits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sulea, Coralia; van Beek, Ilona; Sarbescu, Paul; Virga, Delia; Schaufeli, Wilmar B.

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on the Five Factor PersonalityModel and Self-Determination Theory, the current study examines the relations between three different kinds of well-being - engagement, boredom, and burnout- and personality, and evaluates whether basic need satisfaction has an incremental contribution over pers

  12. Ability Grouping of Gifted Students: Effects on Academic Self-Concept and Boredom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preckel, Franzis; Gotz, Thomas; Frenzel, Anne

    2010-01-01

    Background: Securing appropriate challenge or preventing boredom is one of the reasons frequently used to justify ability grouping of gifted students, which has been shown to have beneficial effects for achievement. On the other hand, critics stress psychosocial costs, such as detrimental effects on academic self-concept (contrast or…

  13. Neural networks underlying affective states in a multimodal virtual environment: contributions to boredom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krystyna Anna Mathiak

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The interaction of low perceptual stimulation or goal-directed behavior with a negative subjective evaluation may lead to boredom. This contribution to boredom may shed light on its neural correlates, which are poorly characterized so far. A video game served as simulation of free interactive behavior without interruption of the game’s narrative. Thirteen male German volunteers played a first-person shooter game (Tactical Ops: Assault on Terror during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI. Two independent coders performed the time-based analysis of the audio-visual game content. Boredom was operationalized as interaction of prolonged absence of goal-directed behavior with lowered affect in the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS.A decrease of positive affect correlated with response amplitudes in bilateral insular clusters extending into the amygdala to prolonged inactive phases in a game play and an increase in negative affect was associated with higher responses in bilateral ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Precuneus and hippocampus responses were negatively correlated with changes in negative affect.We describe for the first time neural contributions to boredom, using a video game as complex virtual environment. Further our study confirmed that positive and negative affect are separable constructs, reflected by distinct neural patterns. Positive affect may be associated with afferent limbic activity whereas negative affect with affective control.

  14. Prospective Teachers' Perceptions of Instrumentality, Boredom Coping Strategies, and Four Aspects of Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eren, Altay

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the mediating roles of prospective teachers' boredom coping strategies (i.e. cognitive-approach, behavioral-approach, cognitive-avoidance, and behavioral-avoidance strategies) in the relationships between their perceptions of instrumentality and four aspects of engagement (i.e. agentic engagement, behavioral, engagement,…

  15. Brain responses to repeated visual experience among low and high sensation seekers: role of boredom susceptibility

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang, Yang; Lianekhammy, Joann; Lawson, Adam; Guo, Chunyan; ynam, Donald; Joseph, Jane E.; Gold, Brian T.; Kelly, Thomas H.

    2009-01-01

    To better understand individual differences in sensation seeking and its components, including boredom susceptibility and experience seeking, we examined brain responses of high and low sensation seekers during repeated visual experience. Individuals scoring in the top and bottom quartiles from a college-aged population on the Brief Sensation-Seeking Scale (BSSS) participated in an event-related potentials (ERPs) experiment. Line drawings of common objects were randomly intermixed and present...

  16. Ability grouping of gifted students : effects on academic self-concept and boredom

    OpenAIRE

    Preckel, Franzis; Götz, Thomas; Frenzel, Anne C.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the effects of full-time ability grouping on students academic self-evaluations and their experiences of boredom in class within special classes for the gifted. The effect of ability grouping on the academic self-concept of gifted students has been investigated in several studies. Our study addresses a less frequently observed angle of this line of research by focusing on changes in academic self concept over time (longitudinal approach). In addition, our study enha...

  17. Within-Person Analyses of Situational Interest and Boredom: Interactions between Task-Specific Perceptions and Achievement Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Ayumi; Murayama, Kou

    2014-01-01

    Despite the increasing number of studies examining the correlates of interest and boredom, surprisingly little research has focused on within-person fluctuations in these emotions, making it difficult to describe their situational nature. To address this gap in the literature, this study conducted repeated measurements (12 times) on a sample of…

  18. Predictive power of task orientation, general self-efficacy and self-determined motivation on fun and boredom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Ruiz-González

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The aim of this study was to test the predictive power of dispositional orientations, general self-efficacy and self-determined motivation on fun and boredom in physical education classes, with a sample of 459 adolescents between 13 and 18 with a mean age of 15 years (SD = 0.88. The adolescents responded to four Likert scales: Perceptions of Success Questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Sport Motivation Scale and Intrinsic Satisfaction Questionnaire in Sport. The results showed the structural regression model showed that task orientation and general self-efficacy positively predicted self-determined motivation and this in turn positively predicted more fun and less boredom in physical education classes. Consequently, the promotion of an educational task-oriented environment where learners perceive their progress and make them feel more competent, will allow them to overcome the intrinsically motivated tasks, and therefore they will have more fun. Pedagogical implications for less boredom and more fun in physical education classes are discussed.

  19. Too hard, too easy, or just right? The relationship between effort or boredom and ability-difficulty fit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regine Asseburg

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Usually, it is assumed that achievement tests measure maximum performance. However, test performance is not only associated with ability but also with motivational and emotional aspects of test-taking. These aspects are influenced by individual success probability, which in turn depends on the ratio of individual ability to item difficulty (ability-difficulty fit. The impact of ability-difficulty fit on test-taking motivation and emotion is unknown and rarely considered when interpreting test results. N = 9,452 ninth-graders in Germany (PISA 2006 completed a mathematics test and a questionnaire on test-taking effort (motivation and boredom/daydreaming (emotion. Overall, mean item difficulty exceeded individual ability. Ability-difficulty fit was positively linear related with effort and boredom/daydreaming.The results suggest that low ability students may not show maximum performance in a sequential achievement test. Thus, test score interpretation for this subsample may be invalid. As a solution to this problem the application of computerized adaptive testing is discussed.

  20. Investigating the differences between girls and boys regarding the factors of frustration, boredom and insecurity they experience during science lessons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claas Wegner

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM are subjects comprising knowledge whose schooling is essential for every country striving after long-term economic success. Despite the already existing shortage of skilled labour within the mathematic-technical-scientific professional field, men still dominate the respective subjects and jobs. The loss of female talent as a consequence of insufficient support is inexcusable from both an economic and social point of view. This is why affirmative action should be taken during schooling years in order to prevent girls from turning their backs on STEM subjects. Bielefeld University’s coeducational science project ‘Kolumbus-Kids’ is a programme to support gifted students in general, and especially girls. This article presents both the project and a recent study investigating how girls show differences from boys when it comes to experiencing frustration, boredom and insecurity during science lessons. These emotions highly influence a person’s activation, interest and motivation and are the point of intersection for cognitive processes which makes it important to deal with them sensitively. On the basis of theoretical background information on gender related differences, the project is designed to support gifted children and girls when it comes to STEM subjects. As found in this article, the underrepresentation of women in STEM-related university classes is a problem that has to be solved not only because of the skilled labour shortage. The study shows that specifically designed tutoring projects like ‘Kolumbus-Kids’ contribute highly to this solution. They are able to ignite and keep the interest in STEM-related subjects alive and they also lower frustration, boredom and insecurity in the same regard. One of the most important prerequisites for success is to know the girls’ interests and what the possible problems are in order to better support them.

  1. The Boredom Restrict University Students Forming a Lofty Ideal%无聊情绪对大学生形成远大理想的制约

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋邦芹

    2014-01-01

    无聊情绪是当前社会普遍存在的一种情绪现象,国内外学者分别从哲学、心理学、社会学等角度探讨了无聊与认知、情绪、人格、行为的关系。本文从哲学的角度描画在校大学生中存在的无聊现象,这一现象是导致大学生无法树立远大理想的根本原因,因为无聊的存在是对人的时间性存在的否定,它阻碍了大学生现在生活与过去、将来之间的关联。%As an emotional phenomenon ,boredom widely existing in the current society.From the perspective of philosophy ,psy-chology ,sociology and so on ,domestic and foreign scholars discussed the relationship between boredom and cognition ,emotion , personality ,behavior.This article from the perspective of philosophy ,draws the phenomenon of boredom which exists in univer-sity students ,and this is the fundamental reason why university students unable to set up lofty ideal.Because of the existence of boredom is to deny the existence of human temporality ,it impeded university students to set up the relation of present and the past and the future.

  2. 大学生的无聊倾向性与心理健康%The Relationship between College Students'Boredom Proneness and Mental Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟泳如; 黄时华; 熊松滨

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the characteristics of college students'boredom proneness , to select cognitive emotion regulation and life satisfaction as a reflection of two important indicators of mental health ,with emphasis on the the relationship of boredom prone-ness and mental health .Methods 253 college students were tested with Boredom Proneness Questionnaire for College Students ( BPQ) , Cognitive Emotion Regulation Scale ( CERQ) and Life Satisfaction Scale .Results ① The boredom proneness of male students ( particu-larly in the external stimulus dimension )was significantly higher than that of females (t=2.64,P<0.01),the tension of urban students was significantly higher than that of students from town and village (F=3.69,P<0.05),the monotonic of students from the only child family was significantly higher than that of students not from the only child (t=2.85,P<0.05);② The loneliness,tension,restriction had significantly positively predicted to negative cognitive emotion regulation ( t=4.89,P<0.001;t=3.53,P<0.001;t=2.58,P<0.05);while the self-control and creativity in the internal dimensions of boredom proneness had significantly negatively predicted to ac -tive cognitive emotion regulation(t=-5.07,P<0.001;t=-2.89,P<0.001);③The loneliness,self-control and tension had significant-ly negatively predicted to life satisfaction (t=-4.94,P<0.001;t=-3.34,P<0.01;t=-2.25,P<0.05).Conclusion Students'bore-dom proneness is related to cognitive emotion regulation and life satisfaction closely ,the boredom from loneliness and tension may make people use more negative cognitive emotion regulation and experience less life satisfaction ,the high boredom proneness from less self-con-trol may make people use less active cognitive emotion regulation and experience less life satisfaction .%目的:探讨当代大学生的无聊倾向性特点,选取认知情绪调节方式和生活满意度作为反映心理健康的两个重要指标,重点考察无聊倾向性与心理

  3. Emergencies, Mistakes and Boredom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haller, Emil J.

    1978-01-01

    In addition to specific occupational skills, vocational students must learn how to interact effectively with people on the job. The author discusses how job tasks affect interaction patterns and how these interactions affect the work. (MF)

  4. Discussion on Job Boredom and its Influence Factors%工作无聊及其影响因素的研究评述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟华; 吴维库

    2015-01-01

    Job boredom was an unpleasant emotional experience with lack of work motivation. The negative emotion makes indivi-duals feel meaningless, uninterested and helpless at work. It is not only being harmful to individual physical and mental health but also lead to individuals' negative work attitude and behaviors such as low job satisfaction and counterproductive work behavior , and then damage the organization development. The research reviewed previous researches on the construct, measurement, and influencing factors of job boredom. The antecedents of job boredom include some individual factors such as personality traits and cognitive characteristics , as well as some organizational factors such as task characteristics , organization rules and interpersonal environment. There are some gaps in previous related researches, for example, inconsistent in definition, inaccuracy in measurement and not clear in development mechanism, etc. Further researches in this field should focus on the basic ideas, the developing mechanism, the positive effect of job boredom and the cultural research perspective.%工作无聊是个体在工作场所中感觉到无意义与工作动机缺失的负面情绪体验,不仅影响个体身心健康,而且会导致个体产生工作不满意感、工作反生产行为等消极态度与行为,对组织绩效产生消极影响。本研究在已有相关研究的基础上对工作无聊的概念、测量与前因变量进行了回顾与总结。工作无聊的前因变量主要包括个体层面的人格特质与认知特征因素,也包括组织层面的工作任务特征、组织规则、人际环境因素。目前工作无聊的相关研究还存在概念不统一、测量不精确、发生机制研究不明晰等问题,未来研究应当从明晰工作无聊的内涵、精确工作无聊的测量方式、探究工作无聊的发生机制、拓展工作无聊的积极效用研究、从文化视角关注工作无聊的研究五方面进行深入分析。

  5. Boredom Proneness and Narcissism and Subject Well-being in Middle School Students%中学生无聊倾向特点及其与自恋、主观幸福感的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田志鹏; 刘勇; 滕召军

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To revise boredom proneness scale(BPS) among middle school students and explore the relationship between boredom proneness,narcissism and subject well-being.Methods:The present study evaluated the construct reliability and validity of the boredom proneness scale among 785 Chinese middle school students.Further inverstigations on boredom proneness and its relationship with narcissism and subject well-being were conducted in another sample of 472 middle school students.Results:①Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded two reliable dimensions(external stimulation and internal stimulation),five sub-factors were contained,namely absence involvement,stimulating seeking,monotony,self-regulation and patience; ②There were significant gender and grade differences in boredom proneness; ③ Overt narcissism and subject well-being were both negatively correlated with boredom proneness,whereas covert narcissism was positively correlated with boredom proneness.Moreever,covert narcissism and overt narcissism was negatively and positively correlated with subjective well-being Respectively; ④There was a partial mediation effect of boredom proneness on the relationshiop between narcissism and subjective well-being.Conclusion:Our findings suggest that Negative influence of narcissism on subjective well-being may be reduced through boredom intervention.%目的:探讨中学生无聊倾向特点,修订中文无聊倾向量表,并考察自恋、无聊倾向、主观幸福感的关系.方法:通过问卷调查法,在785名中学生中检验无聊倾向量表的信效度,并在另472名中学生中考察其无聊倾向特点及与自恋、主观幸福感的关系.结果:①中文无聊倾向量表包括内部刺激和外部刺激2个二阶因子,缺少卷入、刺激寻求、单调性、耐性、自我调控5个一阶因子,具有良好的信度(内部一致性信度和重测信度)和效度(结构效度和效标关联效度).②中学生无聊倾向存在性别

  6. The Influence of Occupational Boredom of Special Education Teachers on the General Well-being%特殊教育教师职业倦怠对总体幸福感的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨俊生; 陈慧洁

    2015-01-01

    本文旨在研究山西省××市特殊教育学校教师的职业倦怠情况及对其总体幸福感的影响。采用职业倦怠量表和总体幸福感量表进行测量,利用Spss统计软件对数据进行处理。得出结论:(1)男性教师的情绪衰竭和去个性化要高于女性教师,而女性的成就感高于男性;男性情绪更为愉快,对情感和行为的控制优于女性;(2)在教龄维度,6-10年职业倦怠感高;11-20年成就感最为高,职业倦怠感最低;21年以上,职业倦怠感随教龄的增加而增加,总体幸福感逐年降低;(3)女性总体幸福指数显著低于常模,男性无显著差异。(4)总体幸福感与职业倦怠呈负相关。%This paper aims to study the influence of occupational boredom of special education teachers on the general well-being in a city of Shanxi province.The method is to measure the occu-pational boredom inventory and general well-being scale, and use Spss statistical software for data processing.Then concludes that:1, male teachers have higher emotional exhaustion and depersona-lization than female teachers, while women's sense of achievement is higher than that of men; men have more pleasant mood, and better emotional and behavioral control than women;2, in terms of seniority dimensions, occupational boredom is higher during 6 -10 years; while 11 -20 years, highest in accomplishment and lowest occupational boredom;21 years or more, boredom increases and general well-being reduces year by year;3, women in general happiness index is significantly lower than the norm, while men, no significant difference.4,the general well-being is negatively correlated to occupational boredom.

  7. The Chinese Version of the Multidimensional State Boredom Scale(MSBS):It's Applicability in Chinese College Students%多维状态无聊量表中文版在中国大学生中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 陈健芷; 姜梦; 徐海燕; 刘杰; John D.Eastwood; Sanaz Mehranvar

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To introduce and investigate the psychometric attributes of the Chinese version of the Multidimensional State Boredom Scale(MSBS).Methods:1668 university students were asked to complete the Chinese version of MSBS.218 of the 1668 students were additionally asked to complete the Colleges Students' Boredom Proneness Scale,The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale(CES-D),State Loneliness Scales(SLS) and State Anxiety Inventory(SAI).172 of the 1668 students were chosen to complete the Chinese Version of MSBS after 1 month.Results:Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded five reliable subscales measuring state levels of boredom-related time perception,disengagement,high arousal,low arousal and inattention,with Cronbach's α of these subscales ranged from 0.67 to 0.81; the test-retest reliabilities of them ranged from 0.50 to 0.56; the split-half reliability ranged from 0.50 to 0.72.They were very good of the criterion-related validity.There were significant differences in the state boredom between gender.Conclusion:The Chinese version of MSBS can be used as an effective instrument to assess the boredom status of Chinese college students.%目的:在中国大学生群体中修订多维状态无聊量表(the Multidimensional State Boredom Scale,MSBS)中文版并检验其信效度.方法:采用中文版MSBS调查了1668名大学生,收回有效问卷1545份,以检验其结构效度、内部一致性信度和分半信度.另用大学生无聊倾向量表、流调中心抑郁量表、状态孤独量表、状态焦虑量表在218名大学生中检验效标关联效度.1个月后随机抽取172名大学生进行重测,检验其重测信度.结果:中文版MSBS包括注意缺乏、时间知觉、低唤醒、高唤醒和脱离5个分量表,共24个条目,其因素建构得到探索性因素分析和验证性因素分析的支持;5个分量表的内部一致性信度在0.67~0.81之间,分半信度在0.50~0.72之间,重测信度在0.50~0

  8. 广州大学生网络游戏成瘾与无聊倾向性的相关研究%Correlation Study on Guangzhou College Students' Online Game Addiction and the Boredom Proneness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪果; 易仲怡

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To explore the relationship between college students' online game addiction and the boredom proneness, for learning more about the present situation and related factors of college students' online game addiction. Methods: 800 students randomly distributed in a university in Guangzhou were measured by online game addiction scale and C-BPQ and got the difference between inspection and correlation analysis. Results: ①College students' online game addiction are divided into 36.07, below points, in the middle rdi level, college students' online game ad-diction have significant differences on gender and professional type;②College students' boredom proneness, there were no sig-nificant differences in gender and professional but significant dif-ferences in some of its dimensions;③The boredom proneness of online game addiction group is significantl y higher than the non-addiction group;④College students' online game addiction and the boredom proneness was significantly positively related. Conclusion: College students' online game addiction is related with the boredom proneness, and the boredom proneness has sig-nificant predicted effect to online game addiction.%目的:探讨网络成瘾与无聊倾向性的相关关系,以了解当下大学生网络成瘾的现状及相关因素。方法:采用网络游戏成瘾量表和大学生无聊倾向性问卷,对广州某高校800名同学随机派发,并进行差异检验和相关分析。结果:①大学生网络游戏成瘾均分为36.07,低于中分,处于中等偏下水平,在性别和专业类型上大学生网络游戏成瘾现象差异显著;②大学生无聊倾向性在性别和专业上没有显著差异,但在其部分维度上存在显著差异;③网络游戏成瘾组的无聊倾向性显著高于非网络游戏成瘾组;④大学生网络游戏成瘾与无聊倾向性呈显著正相关。结论:大学生网络游戏成瘾与无聊倾向性相关,无聊倾向性对网

  9. Rational-Emotive Therapy:An Effective Way to Relieve Occupational Boredom of Teachers%合理情绪疗法:缓解教师职业倦怠的有效途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王远香; 李允

    2015-01-01

    Occupational boredom of teachers is a emotional syndrome reflected in losing sense of significance to work,losing sense of responsibility to students and losing sense of self -efficacy,which can seriously affect the process of educational reform ,promotion of school teaching level , student ’ s academic progress and teacher ’ s self development.According to the theory of rational -emotive therapy,teachers can relieve occupational boredom by finding out the external events which cause boredom ,getting a correct understanding of internal incentives ,modif-ying or abandoning irrational cognition to get rational one and setting up positive and optimistic view of life to self-relieve occupational foredoom .%教师职业倦怠作为一种以教师对工作失去意义感、对学生失去责任感和对自我失去效能感为主要情绪表现的综合性症状,严重影响教育改革的推进、学校教学水平的提升、学生的学业进步和教师自身的发展。而根据合理情绪疗法原理,教师可以通过正确认识诱发情绪反应的外部事件、合理分析诱发情绪反应的内部诱因、及时修正或放弃非合理认知、树立积极乐观的人生观等途径进行职业倦怠的自我缓解。

  10. 大学生休闲无聊感与高校休闲教育*--以邵阳学院为例%Study on Leisure Boredom and Leisure Education of College Students:A Case Study of Shaoyang College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺婧雯

    2013-01-01

      在文献分析基础上,结合国外常用的无聊感量表,通过开放式问卷、访谈等方法,编制适用于我国大学生的休闲无聊感问卷,并对500名大学生进行测查。结果表明:当前大学生的休闲无聊感中等偏高,且休闲无聊感和性别、年级、生源地及活动选择之间有一定的关系。针对上述情况,建议高校将大学生休闲教育纳入总体规划之中,从理论研究、课程设置、社团组织、后勤服务、社会支持等方面努力落实并逐步完善大学生的休闲教育。%Abstract Through the methods of questionnaire investigation, 500 Shaoyang college students went through all investigation of leisure boredom from gender, grade, address and participated activities.Study explored a Little high level of leisure boredom in undergraduates nowadays. There were significant differences between groups on specific leisure boredom items and independent variable. In view of the above situation, some suggestions are given out.

  11. 无聊感与时问管理倾向对大学生心理健康的影响%The Effect of Boredom and Time Management on Mental Health of Undergraduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄霞; 张永红

    2012-01-01

    采用青少年时间管理倾向量表、大学生无聊感量表和心理健康量表对186名大学生进行问卷调查.结果发现:除了心理健康总分在籍贯上上存在显著差异外,时间管理倾向和无聊感倾向总分在性别、籍贯和专业上均无显著差异.相关研究结果表明,时间管理倾向与心理健康呈显著正相关;无聊感与心理健康呈显著负相关;时间管理倾向与无聊感呈显著负相关.进一步回归分析表明,无聊感在时间管理倾向和心理健康之间的部分中介效应显著,除了74.54%的直接效应,另外25.45%通过中介变量无聊感的间接效应起作用.%186 subjects are assessed by the Boredom Proneness Questionnaire, Time Management Disposition Inventory and Mental Health Questionnaire. It is proved that the native place differences are significant on the sores of the Mental Health scale. Sores on the Mental Health scale are highly positively related to the sores on the Time Management Disposition Inventory, and dis- tinctly negatively related to the sores on Boredom Proneness Questionnaire. Highly negatively relatedness was found between time management disposition and boredom. Boredom has partly mediator effect between time management disposition and mental health. There are not only indirect relation between time management disnnsition and mental health, but also direct relation.

  12. The Relationships among Local College Students’Social Boredom, Life Meaning and Suicidal Ideation%大学生社会性无聊感、生命意义感与自杀意念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向思雅; 魏绮雯; 郑少丹; 杨慧; 李炳全

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查大学生社会性无聊感、生命意义感与自杀意念的关系。方法:采用无聊倾向量表、生命意义感量表、自杀意念问卷对646名大学本进行调查。结果:①大学生社会性无聊感得分在性别、就读地区、年级、是否独生等几方面的差异均无统计学意义;②大学生社会性无聊感与生命意义感存在显著负相关( r=‐0.336,P<00.01),大学生社会性无聊感与自杀意念存在显著正相关( r=03.82,P<00.01);③生命意义感中的部分维度如成就、快乐、信仰和人际关系等4个维度对大学生社会性无聊感有负性预测作用(R2=‐01.36,P<00.01;R2=‐01.65, P<00.01;R2=‐01.79,P<00.1;R2=‐01.87,P<00.5),大学生社会性无聊感对自杀意念有正性预测作用(R2=01.46,P<00.01);④大学生社会性无聊感在生命意义感与自杀意念存在显著中介作用。结论:生命意义感的提高,有助于降低大学生社会性无聊感,减少自杀意念的出现。%Objective:To investigate the relationships among local college students'social boredom ,life meaning and suicidal ideation .Methods:“The boring tendency scale” ,“the meaning of life scale”and“questionnaire of suicidal ide‐ation”were used to investigate 646 college undergraduates .Results:①College students'boredom did not exist signifi‐cant differences in several aspects ,such as sex ,studying areas ,grades ,only child or not acts ;② Students'boredom proneness and the meaning of life were significantly negatively related(r=‐0 3.36 ,P<0 0.01) ,college students’bore‐dom tendency and suicidal ideation had a significantly positive correlation(r=0 3.82 ,P<0 0.01);③The success ,hap‐piness ,faith and relationship which were included in the sense of life meaning had significantly negatively predicted to students'boredom tendency (R2 =‐0 1.36 ,P<0 0

  13. Fun and games and boredom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serious videogames use entertainment to teach, train, or change behavior. What began in the 1970s as tentative attempts to create learning software is now a recognized videogame genre and an emerging health science. Although more research is needed, a growing body of literature suggests serious vide...

  14. Fun and Games and Boredom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buday, Richard; Baranowski, Tom; Thompson, Debbe

    2012-08-01

    Serious videogames use entertainment to teach, train, or change behavior. What began in the 1970s as tentative attempts to create learning software is now a recognized videogame genre and an emerging health science. Although more research is needed, a growing body of literature suggests serious videogames can be effective. Support for serious videogames, however, is not universal. An informal Web search reveals numerous skeptics. Critics question serious videogames' entertainment value and, thus, their viability. "How can serious videogames attract and maintain players," the argument goes, "if they aren't as much fun as commercial titles, or even any fun at all?" This article examines the argument that, to be effective, serious videogames should be overtly fun and comparable to commercial off-the-shelf videogames. It explores differences between game developer- and researcher-led projects and discusses ways serious videogames can avoid boring and alienating players. It concludes that direct comparisons between serious and commercial game entertainment values may be misdirected.

  15. Battling Boredom in Your Workout

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Contact Us A A A Advancing the distinctive philosophy and practice of osteopathic medicine Inside the AOA ... AOA Post Match Mentoring Program Events AOA Annual Business Meeting AOA ROME Conferences OMED Annual AOA Research ...

  16. Fun and Games and Boredom

    OpenAIRE

    Buday, Richard; Baranowski, Tom; Thompson, Debbe

    2012-01-01

    Serious videogames use entertainment to teach, train, or change behavior. What began in the 1970s as tentative attempts to create learning software is now a recognized videogame genre and an emerging health science. Although more research is needed, a growing body of literature suggests serious videogames can be effective. Support for serious videogames, however, is not universal. An informal Web search reveals numerous skeptics. Critics question serious videogames' entertainment value and, t...

  17. Reliability and Validity of Chinese Version of Boredom Proneness Scale%无聊倾向量表(BPS):中文版的结构、信度及效度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 陈健芷; 宋琳婷; 赵宇; 杨晓丽; 张盼; 周卉

    2014-01-01

    目的:在大学生群体中引入无聊倾向量表(Boredom Proneness Scale,BPS),探讨该量表在中国文化背景下的因素结构,并检验其信效度.方法:采用BPS中文版调查了1230名大学生,收回有效问卷1129份.另用特质孤独量表、特质焦虑量表、自评抑郁量表和自评无聊倾向条目在90名大学生中检验效标关联效度.3周后随机抽取64名大学生进行重测.结果:BPS中文版包括内部刺激和外部刺激2个维度,低卷入、高卷入、高刺激需求、低刺激需求和缺乏耐性5个分量表,共20个条目;验证性因素分析显示数据拟合良好(x2/df=1.60,CFI=0.91,TLI=0.89,RM-SEA=0.04,SRMR=O.06);5个分量表的内部一致性信度在0.57~ 0.81之间,重测信度在0.69~ 0.83之间;BPS中文版具有较好的效标关联效度.结论:BPS中文版具有良好的信度和效度,可以用于大学生的无聊倾向测量.

  18. 核心自我评价对医学生无聊倾向性与攻击行为的中介作用%The mediating effect of self-evaluation on boredom proneness and aggression in medical students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许娟; 邓学红; 刘苗苗; 李秋丽; 戴秀英

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship among boredom proneness,core self-evaluation and aggression in medical students and to provide clues and evidence for preventing aggression and their relevant interventions.Methods The Boredom Proneness Scale for College Students(C-BPQ),Chinese Version of Buss & Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ-CV)and Core Self-evaluations Scale were employed to investigate 1667 medical students in one medical university in Ningxia.Results There were significant differences between high and low boredom proneness groups in core self-evaluations,total aggression score and each factors (core self-evaluations:(29.67±5.10) vs (41.67±4.64),AQ-CV scores:(36.43±17.18) vs (17.58±12.45),physical aggression:(31.62 ±20.46) vs (17.02 ±15.28),verbal aggression:(37.44±19.03) vs (24.68±17.14),anger:(40.93±22.32) vs (18.85±16.86),hostility:(37.34± 19.41) vs (14.86± 13.57),self-aggression:(35.47 ±21.66) vs (13.57± 14.28),all P<0.001).There were positive correlation among total score of boredom proneness,internal and external stimuli dimensions,total score of AQ-CV and each factors (P<0.001) and negative correlation between total score of boredom proneness and core self-evaluation(P<0.001).There were negative correlation among core self-evaluation score,AQ-CV scores and each factor(P<0.001).Regression analysis showed that boredom proneness and core self-evaluation could predict the aggression to a certain extent (P<0.01).Core self-evaluation played a mediating role between boredom proneness and aggression taking 48.25% proportion of the total effect of the mediation.Conclusion Boredom proneness is closely related to aggressive behavior.Core self-evaluation plays a mediating role between boredom proneness and aggression.%目的 探讨医学生无聊倾向性、核心自我评价与攻击行为的关系,为攻击行为的预防和干预提供线索与依据.方法 采用大学生无聊倾向性问卷(C-BPQ)、核心自我评价量表

  19. Female Secondary Students' Sport Ability Beliefs and Regulatory Styles: Relationships with Enjoyment,Effort and Boredom%初中女生的运动能力信念和调节方式:与愉快、努力和厌烦的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    C.K.JohnWang; W.C.Liu; 孙延林; BiddleS.J.H.

    2003-01-01

    Physical activity participation among young girls has been a matter of concern. This study examines the relationships between sport abil-ity beliefs, perceived competence and regulatory styles, and identifies subgroups of girls with distinct profiles based on sport ability beliefs andregulatory styles. Three distinct clusters of girls are found with different levels of enjoyment, effort and boredom. In summary, this study providesinsight for the combined roles of sport ability beliefs and self-determination theory in the promotion of physical activity among female secondarystudents.%女生参予体育活动已经成为众所关注的问题.考察了运动能力信念、能力知觉和调节方式的关系,并且依据运动能力信念和调节方式的不同,按照愉快、努力和厌烦的水平,确定了三个不同的初中女生的动机模式.为在促进初中女生参加体育活动中考虑运动能力信念和自我决定理论提供了依据.

  20. Boredom Transcended: Adolescent Survival in the Suburban High School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linton, Thomas E.; Pollack, Erwin W.

    1978-01-01

    Interviews with 75 suburban Chicago seniors from the top 15 percent of their classes confirmed the authors' hypothesis that the suburban affluent high school experience is viewed as a deadly boring process which must be endured. (Author/SJL)

  1. Employee engagement, boredom and frontline construction workers feeling safe in their workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiteoak, John W; Mohamed, Sherif

    2016-08-01

    Systems thinking is a philosophy currently prevalent within construction safety literature that is applied to understand and improve safety in sociotechnical systems. Among systems, the site-project organizational system is of particular interest to this paper. Using focus group and survey feedback research to learn about how safety incidents effect levels of construction workers engagement this paper reveals how a safety incident provides an opportunity to create a potential quality (productivity) upgrade within an organization. The research approach involved a qualitative study involving 27 frontline supervisors and a follow-up survey completed by 207 frontline workers in the Australian Asphalt and Pavement Industry. The focus group interviews supported the articulation of the concepts of tacit safety, explicit safety, situational awareness, foresight ability, practical intelligence and crew synergy. Our findings indicate that having regular shift changes and other job site workers being fatigued are influential on perceptions of tacit safety. An individual's foresight ability was found to be the most potent predictor of worker perceptions of work engagement. The paper explains that relatively small improvements in worker perceptions of safety can bring about significant improvements in employee engagement and productivity. PMID:26616016

  2. A Review of Boredom%"无聊"的研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑美娟

    2008-01-01

    "无聊"是一种常见的社会现象.本文从心理学的角度,对"无聊"的定义、结构、相关研究和应对策略进行了论述,并提出无聊研究存在的问题和今后研究的方向.

  3. From boredom to dependence: The medicalisation of the Swedish gambling problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edman Johan

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available AIMS - The aim of this study is to investigate the medicalising of gambling problems by comparing the political discussions on gambling in the Swedish Parliament in the early 1970s and the early 2010s. DESIGN - Against a theoretical background on medicalising processes in general, and medicalisation of gambling problems in particular, we have analysed discussion protocols and parliamentary bills in the Swedish Parliament from the years 1970-1975 and 2012-2013. RESULTS - The problem descriptions of the 1970s and 2010s are, in certain respects, strikingly similar, identifying proactive operators such as the gambling companies and highlighting an inadequate legal framework. But where the MPs of the 1970s put some effort into describing the drab society which fed the need for gambling, the elected representatives of the 2010s shortcut to individual dependence. CONCLUSIONS - EU membership and the development of the Internet have made effective control and regulation impossible in the early 2010s and the political handling of the Swedish gambling problem is therefore a clear example of how market liberalisation can pave the way for individualisation, medicalisation and depoliticisation of social problems.

  4. Revenge on Boredom and the Boredom of Revenge:After Re-reading Revenge%复仇无聊与无聊的复仇:重读《复仇》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱崇科

    2015-01-01

    鲁迅先生在《复仇》中其实有其精心创制:他设计了精妙的复仇策略,以鲜活加以诱引,以干枯进行对抗,对比的手法、诗性的张力批判其间的劣根性,尤其是看客们的内在文化质地.同时,在此文中,鲁迅也呈现出其常见的复仇特色,但需要指出的是,其文本中也暗含了复仇的无聊性,也即裸体男女的路人之间有劣根的共通性,而其自我干枯至死亦是一种无奈之下的选择,乃至缺憾.

  5. STEM the Boredom: Engage Students in the Australian Curriculum Using ICT with Problem-Based Learning and Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newhouse, Christopher Paul

    2016-09-01

    The well-being of modern economies and societies is increasingly requiring citizens to possess capabilities in integrating knowledge and skills in science, technology, engineering and science to solve problems. However, by the end of schooling, the majority of Australian students show little interest in these discipline areas and have no plans to continue study or work in them; many refer to these disciplines as boring. Further, they typically have little experience in integrating knowledge and skills from these disciplines and/or in applying this to solve relevant problems. Therefore, there is a need to engage students with such learning experiences to develop their interest and capabilities, particularly during the early years of secondary schooling. This is not easy for teachers to respond to, but with the support of modern digital technologies and the new Australian curriculum, the potential is expanded and the challenge is more readily achievable. However, appropriate pedagogies need to be supported that include more authentic approaches to assessment. Learning activities need to support students to integrate knowledge and skills across discipline areas in tackling real problems, and this also needs to be reflected in how students are assessed. In this paper, I will draw on personal experience as a teacher, a review of recent literature, components of the Australian Curriculum, and findings from research projects associated with my University research centre, to argue for, and illustrate how, teachers can orchestrate powerful learning activities to promote an interdisciplinary approach to STEM.

  6. 青少年"无聊症候群"问题探讨%EXPLORING THE ISSUE OF ADOLESCENT BOREDOM SYNDROME

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨波; 刘宣文; 何伟强

    2005-01-01

    为了探讨我国学校青少年"无聊症候群"问题的有关现状及成因,选取浙江省4个地区7所中学的613名中学生为研究对象,采用自编量表进行调查.研究发现:(1)"无聊症候群"问题在青少年群体中具有较高比例;(2)男生总体平均得分显著地高于女生;(3)城区中学学生总体平均得分显著地高于乡镇中学学生;(4)独生子女与非独生子女总体上无显著性差异;(5)六个年级间总体上无显著性差异.

  7. The social regulation of shame, worry, and boredom for enhanced individual creativity: The importance of expressive suppression in creative team environments

    OpenAIRE

    Gonz?lez, Helena V.; Richter, Andreas W.

    2014-01-01

    We draw on the functionalist perspective of emotions (Keltner & Gross, 1999) in order to propose that ashamed employees engage in creative activity as a way to restore their positive self-image. We also propose that the shame-creativity relation is strongest if employees expose themselves via expressive suppression to a team environment that encourages creativity. We test these propositions with data from two Colombian field studies. Overall, we find mixed support for a main effect of shame o...

  8. A tactic account of the occupational boredom of the teachers%论教师职业倦怠的成因与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周彬

    2006-01-01

    教师职业倦怠正逐渐从个人问题延伸为群体与制度问题,导致教师职业倦怠的根本因素,在于对教师个体需要,尤其是尊重的需要、安全的需要、个人价值实现的需要的忽视.为了避免教师的职业倦怠,为了激发教师的职业动机,既要关注教师的个体需要,也要利用工作本身来满足教师的职业追求.

  9. 大学生学习倦怠调查与应对措施研究%A Study of College Students' Learning Boredom and Corresponding Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温颖

    2015-01-01

    为了解大学生学习倦怠状况,使用《大学生学习倦怠量表》对350位大学生进行调查,并对30位大学生进行访谈.结果表明:大学生存在中等程度的学习倦怠;男生的总体倦怠水平显著高于女生;大三学生总体倦怠水平最高,但大一学生的成就感最低;不同专业学生在学习倦怠上没有显著差异.针对大学生学习倦怠的状况,建议采取通过专业教育培养大学生的专业承诺、提升教师和学生的专业实践能力、专业课师生双向选择、以淘汰制为基础组建实验班、丰富与学业相关的校园文化等措施提升学生学习积极性.

  10. 无聊:一个久远而又新兴的研究主题%Boredom: A Long and Revival Research Topic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周浩; 王琦; 董妍

    2012-01-01

    无聊是个体由于知觉到生活无意义而产生的负性情绪体验,它会直接或间接地影响各种社会心理功能.目前,有关心理健康、社会适应、学业成绩等一系列心理问题的研究已经揭示了无聊的负性作用.但是,无聊领域的研究还停留在理论探讨和相关研究层面,概念定义尚没有完全统一,缺乏系统的理论和完整的模型结构.未来研究可进一步深入探究无聊的作用机制,并制定有效的干预方案来改善人们的无聊状态.

  11. 中学女生厌学体育的心理分析及对策%Psychoanalysis of boredom in physical education and its solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾静兰

    2002-01-01

    @@ 体育本是一个来自于劳动和游戏,发展于游戏的学科,本应受到学生们的喜爱.然而在目前中学,女生厌学体育的现象极为严重,她们对体育课缺乏学习的积极性和主动性,缺乏学习热情和兴趣,倘若这种状态不尽快改变,势必影响体育课的教学质量和中学女生的身体、心理健康,我们通过调查访问和实践,对中学女生产生这一现象的心理原因进行分析,提出了相应的解决对策.

  12. 教师职业价值观对其职业倦怠的影响%The vocational value and boredom of the teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荆伟; 耿文侠

    2011-01-01

    采用问卷调查法分析教师职业价值观与教师职业倦怠的关系.结果显示,不同职业价值观的教师其职业倦怠程度具有显著的差异性,教师的职业价值观与其职业倦怠的程度呈显著的正相关,教师的职业价值观对其职业倦怠程度具有一定的影响和预测作用.

  13. On the Causes and Countermeasures of Occupational Boredom of Teachers%教师职业倦怠的成因与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶爱军

    2008-01-01

    教师职业倦怠是教师在长期、连续和过度的压力影响下,难以获取足够的缓冲资源,而产生厌倦和畏惧教育教学工作的身心状态.教师职业倦怠是教师职业生涯中的一个特殊的"高原期",其原因主要来自社会、学校和个人三个方面.预防和缓解教师职业倦怠必须确保教师的应有地位,同时加强教师的学校激励并提高教师的个人修养.

  14. The Development of Boredom Proneness Questionnaire for College Students%大学生无聊倾向问卷的初步编制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄时华; 李冬玲; 张卫; 李董平; 钟海荣; 黄诚恳

    2010-01-01

    在文献分析基础上,结合国外常用的无聊倾向量表,通过开放式问卷、访谈等方法,编制适用于我国大学生的无聊倾向问卷.并对972名大学生进行测查,采用探索性因素分析对无聊倾向性的结构进行剖析.结果表明:(1)问卷分为两个维度:外部刺激和内部刺激;(2)这两个维度由6个因子组成:单调性、约束性、孤独感、紧张感、自控力和创造力;(3)问卷具有较好的信效度,是测量大学生无聊指数的有效工具.

  15. On the Boredom and Flow of Chinese Career Women's Leisure%中国职业女性休闲的“阻”与“畅”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯倩婷

    2011-01-01

    文章就中国职业女性休闲的限制因素、休闲活动本身存在的制约、如何发展有意义的休闲等问题进行分析.通过借用苏珊·萧提出的分析框架,结合心理学的“阻”与“畅”的概念,在数据分析的基础上,深入探讨性别体验的复杂性,以展示中国职业女性参与休闲活动的障碍与机会.

  16. When therapist run out of steam : professional boredom or burnout? = Cuando el terapeuta pierde fuelle : ¿aburrimiento profesional o burnout?

    OpenAIRE

    Campagne, Daniel M.

    2012-01-01

    «Burnout» is a syndrome consisting of physical and emotional exhaustion resulting from negative self-concept, negative job attitudes, and loss of concern for clients. This theoretical condition tangentially explains the loss of professional efficacy and

  17. Teologien og metafysikkens lukning - om Jean-Luc Marion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Henrik Vase

    2001-01-01

    Atheism, boredom, causa sui, divinity, gift, God, icon, idol, Marion, metaphysics, negative theology, ontology, phenomenology, praise......Atheism, boredom, causa sui, divinity, gift, God, icon, idol, Marion, metaphysics, negative theology, ontology, phenomenology, praise...

  18. 高中生数学厌倦情绪及其课堂变量的研究%Study on Senior High School Students' Mathematics Academic Boredom and its Classroom Variables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐速; 魏秋羽

    2015-01-01

    本研究综合运用访谈、问卷等研究手段,考察高中生效学厌倦情绪及其课堂变量.结果表明:(1)不同数学学业成就高中生的数学厌倦情绪存在显著差异,高数学学业成就组高中生的数学厌倦情绪显著低于中、低数学学业成就组.(2)高中生数学厌倦情绪的课堂变量主要有三个方面:知识的挑战性(高挑战性和低挑战性);教学风格(教师主导式和学生主体式);课堂氛围(安静型和活跃型).各种课堂情境都可能引发学生的厌倦情绪;容易引起学生厌倦情绪的数学课堂情境排在前三的依次是:学生主体式(提问)课堂、高知识挑战性课堂、安静型课堂.

  19. On the relationship of college students' anxiety, depression and boredom%大学生焦虑、抑郁与无聊倾向的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋晓燕; 朱莉娟; 秦建; 栗玉波

    2011-01-01

    目的:考察大学生无聊倾向、焦虑和抑郁的关系.方法:对河南省某高校的320名学生进行无聊倾向量表(BPS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)的调查.结果:男女大学生在无聊倾向总分、焦虑得分和抑郁得分上不存在显著差异,除无聊倾向量表的创造力因子外(分别为5.26±1.50,6.02±1.50,p<0.05),其他因子在性别上的差异也不显著.焦虑、抑郁、无聊倾向得分显著相关,抑郁在焦虑和无聊倾向的作用中起中介作用,中介效应占总效应的73.98%.结论:焦虑、抑郁、无聊倾向关系密切,焦虑通过抑郁影响无聊倾向.

  20. 浅析疲劳和厌倦对空中交通管制工作的影响%To Analyze the Influence of Fatigue and Boredom to the Air Traffic Control Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓娟

    2004-01-01

    管制员疲劳和厌倦对飞行安全有重要作用,本文列举了空中交通管制工作中因管制员的疲劳和厌倦而产生的影响飞行安全的事例,研究分析了管制员在工作中的疲劳和厌倦症状、产生原因及影响因素,并提出了有效防止疲劳和厌倦的措施.

  1. Diagnosis of relation of occupational boredom of nurse in operation room and social support%手术室护士职业倦怠与社会支持的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    底会娟; 郭淑芸; 焦俊敏; 尹维宁; 张晓飞; 吴爱须

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨手术室护士职业倦怠状况及其与社会支持的关系.方法 采用职业倦怠量表(MBI-HSS)和社会支持评定量表(SSRS)对218名手术室护士进行调查与分析.结果 职业倦怠感的3个子条目中,高水平疲溃感分别为:情感枯竭占50.6%,去人格化占31.8%,低个人成就感占54.5%.情感枯竭主要与主观支持、支持利用度和社会支持总分相关;去人格化主要与主观支持和社会支持总分相关;个人成就感分值与社会支持4项值的相关性均有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01).结论 手术室护士的职业倦怠发生率较高,增加社会支持,可以有效缓解手术室护士的职业倦怠感,提高手术室护士的工作积极性和整体护理质量.

  2. Analysis and apply of boredom proneness scale in university students%无聊倾向性量表在大学生中的信度效度分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高普梅; 杨世昌

    2014-01-01

    目的 检验无聊倾向性量表(BPS)的信度和效度,探讨其是否适合在大学生中使用.方法 随机抽取1 000名高校大学生进行BPS的团体测试,分析BPS的内部一致性信度、重测信度、内容效度、结构效度和效标效度.结果 BPS的Cronbach’s α系数为0.82,各因子的Cronbach's oα系数均在0.70以上.BPS总分的重测信度为0.80,各因子的重测信度在0.75 ~0.82,各因子间的相关系数为0.138~0.354.用焦虑自评量表(SAS)作效标,BPS总分及各因子分与SAS的相关系数为0.362 ~0.464.结论 BPS具有较好的信度和效度,适合在我国大学生中使用.

  3. 青少年学生体像烦恼与情感平衡性的相关研究%A Study of the Relationship between Teenagers' Boredom of Body Image and Their Balance of Emotion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周丽华; 骆伯巍; 高亚兵; 叶丽红; 彭文波

    2005-01-01

    研究采用自编的青少年学生体像烦恼现状调查表和Bradburn情感平衡性量表,对2981名大、中学生进行抽样调查.结果表明:(1)体像烦恼与情感平衡性间存在显著相关,主要表现为与负性情感间的相关;(2)体像烦恼者比无体像烦恼者有更多负性情感;(3)性别、家庭住址及学段因素不影响形体烦恼者、性别烦恼者及容貌烦恼者的负性情感,但对于性器官烦恼者而言,负性情感表现出学段间的差异.

  4. Boredom Proneness and Subjective Well-Being:The Role of Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy%无聊倾向与主观幸福感:情绪调节效能感的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琦; 俞国良; 董妍; 周浩

    2014-01-01

    以409名大学生为被试,采用问卷法考察无聊倾向对于主观幸福感的影响,以及情绪调节自我效能感的中介作用.结果表明:无聊倾向负向预测积极情绪调节效能感、抑郁情绪调节效能感及愤怒情绪调节效能感;无聊倾向负向预测主观幸福感水平.积极情绪调节效能感和抑郁情绪调节效能感在无聊倾向和主观幸福感的关系中起到了部分中介作用.

  5. Discussing the outstanding athlete's boredom emotion in training%谈花样滑冰高水平运动员训练中的厌倦情绪

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李照和; 王海

    2004-01-01

    对高水平花样滑冰运动员来说,提高心理能力的训练是非常重要的.通过调查,花样滑冰高水平运动员的不良心理情绪应首属"厌倦".对"厌倦"的产生原因进行了分析,并提出具有针对性的有效措施,旨在提高花样滑冰高水平运动员的训练质量.

  6. Analysis of Occupational Boredom of Ideological and Political Theory Teachers in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校思想政治理论课教师职业倦怠原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝燕强; 高爱芳

    2013-01-01

    本文在问卷调查及个别访谈基础上,提出教师职业倦怠这一问题,从社会、学校、教师、思政课教学要求、学生态度五个方面进行了原因分析,并论述了解决问题的有效途径.

  7. On the Boredom of Vocational College Students and Its Relationship with Mobile Phone Addiction%高职院校学生无聊感现状及其与手机成瘾的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱玲玲; 刘志强

    2015-01-01

    采用随机抽样的方法调查2 092名高职生的无聊感和手机成瘾状况,并研究高职生无聊感和手机成瘾的关系.结果表明,高职男生无聊感低于女生,二年级低于一年级;高职生无聊感和手机成瘾有正相关,且无聊感对其手机成瘾有预测作用.

  8. A tentative study of the professional boredom of the ESP teachers in Hebei%河北省ESP教师职业倦怠感成因及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王霞; 王云

    2015-01-01

    高等教育正处于转型期,ESP教师作为高等教育的主力,担当着重要任务.多方面因素导致ESP教师职业倦怠感加重.造成ESP教师职业倦怠的原因主要有社会根源、组织根源和个人根源.建议提高ESP教师的社会经济地位,建构科学合理的社会支持系统,重视ESP教师职业规划的实施和专业技能的提升,构建ESP教师心理保健体系,鼓励ESP教师加强自我发展,有效预防和缓解ESP教师的职业倦怠感.

  9. 青少年学生体像烦恼、孤独、应对方式的相关研究%The Correlative Study of Teenagers Students' Boredom of Body Image, Loneliness and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田禾丰; 陈红香; 袁焱

    2008-01-01

    目的 了解青少年学生的体像烦恼、孤独及应对方式三者的关系.方法 采用调查问卷对293名中学生进行调查,收集体像烦恼、孤独和应对方式的有关指标及身高、体重等人口学资料.结果 ①体像烦恼与消极应对方式相关显著,与孤独相关不显著.②孤独与积极应对方式相关显著,与消极应对方式相关不显著.③积极应对方式、性别烦恼与BMI均相关显著.结论 有体像烦恼和孤独的青少年学生倾向于采用消极应对方式,偏胖或偏瘦的青少年学生对自己的性别不满意,这些在高一年级学生身上表现得比较明显.

  10. 用行动导向教学法解决高职生厌学问题%Using Action-oriented Teaching Method to Solve Higher Vocational Students Boredom with Their Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何荣誉

    2012-01-01

    According to the characteristics of the higher vocational students,this paper analyzes the chief reasons that higher vocational students are bored with their learning.Then the action-oriented teaching method is presented,which is to be applied to change and assuage the situation.%本文从高职学生特点出发分析了高职学生厌学的主要原因,介绍了行动教学法,提出了运用行动教学法来改变和减少这种厌学现象。

  11. 初探青少年学生体像烦恼与社交问题%The Analysis between teenagers' Boredom of Body Image and their Social Intercourse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周丽华; 骆伯巍; 彭文波; 高亚兵; 叶丽红

    2005-01-01

    目的探讨青少年体像烦恼与社交问题的关系.方法采用自编问卷对3121名大、中学生进行抽样调查.结果体像烦恼与社交问题间存在显著相关,主要表现为社交问题与性器官烦恼间的相关;性别,家庭住址不影响体像烦恼者的社交问题.但在学段上却表现出明显差异.结论体像烦恼特别是性器官烦恼是影响社交问题的因素之一.

  12. Also on the Essential Roots of "Boredom of Legal Action" of Chinese Traditiona%也谈"厌讼"法律传统产生的本质根源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连朝毅

    2003-01-01

    传统社会的和谐观、无讼理想和人们的法律意识等思想文化方面的因素都不是"厌讼"传统形成的本质根源.要对这一根源作出合理解释,就只有深入到这种现象产生的经济环境,以及由此决定的社会结构、政治法律制度等层面.

  13. 广州部分高校学生无聊倾向性和自杀意念现状调查%Prevalence of College Students' Boredom Proneness and Suicide Ideation in Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄时华; 刘珍仪

    2010-01-01

    目的:考察大学生无聊倾向性与自杀意念现状.方法:采用无聊倾向量表和自杀意念自评量表对广州部分高校299名学生进行调查.结果:调查对象自杀意念低(4.7%),女性高于男性.非独生子女和农村学生因缺乏创造力更易感到无聊;不同学校学生的无聊倾向性差异有统计学意义.无聊倾向性与自杀意念有正相关.结论:从无聊倾向方面加强对学生自杀意念干预,促进心理健康发展.

  14. 生活目的与焦虑、孤独的关系:无聊的中介作用%Purpose in Life and Anxiety, Loneliness: Mediator Effect of Boredom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋皓杰; 杜江红; 李永鑫

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨无聊在生活目的与焦虑、孤独之间的中介效应.方法:采用生活目的量表、多维无聊状态量表、焦虑自评量表、状态孤独量表对802名学生进行测评.结果:①无聊与焦虑、孤独呈现显著正相关,生活目的与焦虑、孤独、无聊呈现显著负相关.②控制人口统计学变量后,无聊与生活目的均对焦虑、孤独具有显著预测作用.③无聊在生活目的对焦虑、孤独的影响之间的部分中介效应显著,中介效应占总效应的比例分别为0.261、0.387,中介效果量分别为0.130、0.139.结论:培养学生积极的生活观,减缓无聊情绪,有助于预防焦虑、孤独情绪的产生.

  15. Analysis of College Students Learning Boredom and Affecting Factors in Western China%西部大学生学习倦怠状况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹子臣; 胡韬

    2014-01-01

    教育质量是高校发展的生命线,大学生是高等教育培养的主体,其学习状况直接反映着高等教育质量的高低.文本使用大学生学习倦怠问卷、积极心理资本问卷和简易应对方式问卷,对中国西部地区6所高校660名大学生进行调查.结果表明,西部大学生学习倦怠总体情况不佳;西部大学生学习倦怠在性别、年级、专业态度等方面表现出显著差异;西部大学生心理资本、应对方式可作为学习倦怠的预测变量.

  16. Effect of Perceived Stress on College Students' Life Satisfaction: Mediator Role of Boredom Proneness%压力知觉对大学生生活满意度的影响:无聊倾向的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大鹏

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨大学生压力知觉、无聊倾向与生活满意度的关系.方法:使用中文版压力知觉量表、无聊倾向问卷、生活满意度量表测查了336名大学生.结果:大学生压力知觉、无聊倾向与生活满意度状况呈显著负相关,压力知觉与无聊倾向显著正相关;无聊倾向在压力知觉与生活满意度之间起完全中介作用.当无聊进入回归方程时,压力知觉对生活满意度的预测效应不再显著(β=-0.110,p =0.061).结论:压力知觉对大学生生活满意度水平的影响是通过无聊倾向起的作用.

  17. A Survey of Leisure Constraints and Leisure Boredom of College Students%大学生休闲障碍及休闲无聊感的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚向颖; 高家兴

    2008-01-01

    采用量表法对福州市2000名大学生进行休闲障碍及休闲无聊感进行调查.结果表明:当前大学生的休闲无聊感较高.休闲障碍以结构性障碍最为突出;休闲障碍的各层面与休闲无聊感均存在相关.针对调查结果,提出相应建议.

  18. 解析专业化背景下高校辅导员的职业倦怠%On the professional boredom of the political and mental advisers in Chinese universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈蔚; 胡斌; 干薇

    2008-01-01

    在关于辅导员专业发展的讨论中,人们更多地关注辅导员的年龄结构、学历层次与性别比例等,而对辅导员职业倦怠现象比较忽视,这种现象对辅导员队伍的稳定、学生的成长以及思想政治教育工作常常会产生负面影响.

  19. 中职教师职业倦怠成因及对策分析%Analysis for the Reason and Strategy of occupational boredom of higher vocational teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晶

    2016-01-01

    在大力发展职业教育的同时 ,中职教师的技能标准、素质要求、多重能力提出了更高的要求 ,但各种因素下导致的职业倦怠问题对教师个人工作和中职教育都产生了一定的危害 ,基于此 ,文本以中职学校教师为主体 ,对其表现、危害、成因及对策等系列问题进行探讨研究 ,为解决中职教师职业倦怠问题提供参考意见.

  20. Applying the Job Characteristics Model to the College Education Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kass, Steven J.; Vodanovich, Stephen J.; Khosravi, Jasmine Y.

    2011-01-01

    Boredom is one of the most common complaints among university students, with studies suggesting its link to poor grades, drop out, and behavioral problems. Principles borrowed from industrial-organizational psychology may help prevent boredom and enrich the classroom experience. In the current study, we applied the core dimensions of the job…

  1. Hvorfor er det kedelige radikalt?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørum, Tania

    2010-01-01

    Spoerri, Concrete poetry and Georges Perec as example of an aesthetics of boredom which is radical in its political perspectives......Spoerri, Concrete poetry and Georges Perec as example of an aesthetics of boredom which is radical in its political perspectives...

  2. Lonely or Bored: Children's Lived Experiences Reveal the Difference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirova, Anna

    2004-01-01

    In spite of the growing body of research on loneliness, the relationship between the phenomena of loneliness and boredom has not been sufficiently addressed, especially in respect to children. The question, "How does the child's experience of boredom stand phenomenologically in relation to the experience of loneliness?" is explored from a…

  3. What Makes Jobs Monotonous and Boring?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Robert P.

    Direct observations of the jobs of 370 workers were used to explain perceptions of monotony and feelings of boredom associated with work. Of the several observational measures of task characteristics that were constructed, the most efficient predictor of monotony and boredom was the number of times during a fixed period that the most…

  4. 熟能生巧与熟而生烦--关于知识型企业员工维系的思考%Practice Makes Perfect and Practice Makes Boredom-- A Thought on How to Maintain Employees in Intellectual Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱明辉

    2003-01-01

    本文针对知识型企业中员工对工作技能掌握与工作环境认知过程的"熟练曲线",提出"熟练陷阱"的结构、成因及其解决办法.这些办法包括"曲线替代"设计、"自由"分次下放、提高转移成本、开辟宣泄渠道、营造知识社群等.

  5. How to Stop Biting Your Nails

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... like biting your nails, try playing with a stress ball or silly putty instead. This will help ... of hangnails, or other triggers, such as boredom, stress, or anxiety. By figuring out what causes you ...

  6. Gratifications of Daytime TV Serial Viewers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Compesi, Ronald J.

    1980-01-01

    The gratifications identified by viewers of the daytime television serial "All My Children" were (in rank order): entertainment, habit, convenience, social utility, relaxation or escape from problems, escape from boredom, and reality exploration or advice. (GT)

  7. Brief Intervention Helps Adolescents Curb Substance Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... triggers for drug use (e.g., peer pressure, boredom). Teens whose parents attended a session in the ... can influence relationships, neurological development, educational attainment, and interpersonal functioning. Typically, adolescents who abuse substances but do ...

  8. Über- und Unterforderungslangeweile im Mathematikunterricht

    OpenAIRE

    Götz, Thomas; Frenzel, Anne C.

    2010-01-01

    The present study focuses on subject-specific boredom due to excessive and insufficient academic demands and its relationship to academic self-concept, achievement, and gender. Theoretical assumptions concerning the relations between these constructs are based on a mediation model. Attirbution-based measures were constructed to assess boredom due to both excessive and insufficient academic demands in the classroom. Data were assessed in the context of mathematics and obtained from a sample of...

  9. Regulation von Langeweile im Unterricht : Was Schülerinnen und Schüler bei der "Windstille der Seele" (nicht) tun

    OpenAIRE

    Götz, Thomas; Frenzel, Anne C.; Pekrun, Reinhard

    2007-01-01

    Based on theories of emotion and scattered empirical findings, academic boredom is assumed to be subjectively experienced as a moderately negative emotion, and further, evidenced primarily in contexts perceived to be of low importance. Following from both assertions, it was hypothesized that students show few coping activities when experiencing academic boredom, or use coping strategies that are not beneficial for learning and achievement outcomes. In line with our assumptions, data collected...

  10. Construct validity of the Concern For Appropriateness scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutler, B L; Wolfe, R N

    1985-06-01

    Construct validity of the Concern For Appropriateness scale (CFA; Lennox & Wolfe, 1984), a measure of the tendency to adopt protective self-presentation styles, is examined using a multitrait-multimethod approach. Self-ratings on the CFA and ratings by suitemates constitute the two methods, and concern for appropriateness, interpersonal trust, and boredom susceptibility are assessed with each. Multitrait-multimethod analysis shows that the CFA scale exhibits convergent validity against peer ratings and discriminant validity against boredom susceptibility, the only other variable demonstrating convergence. Results indicate that the CFA exhibits construct validity and might therefore prove useful as an operationalization for self-presentation tendencies. PMID:16367476

  11. Perspective on Giftedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Frederick E.

    1989-01-01

    Four authors present arguments and counter-arguments on issues in gifted education, including student boredom, the atrophying of abilities not used, advanced classes which focus on ability but are out of step with student interests, problems of social adjustment in grade-skipping, etc. All authors stress the importance of the whole child. (JDD)

  12. Writing between the Lines: Aaliyah's Dialogic Strategies for Overcoming Academic Writing Disengagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peel, Anne

    2014-01-01

    This case study report uses the conceptual framework of Bakhtinian notions of dialogism to explore how a highly motivated 10th grade English student, Aaliyah, developed strategies for combating her disengagement in academic writing. Aaliyah?s anxiety and boredom stemmed from multiple factors relating to the distance between her home and school…

  13. Emotions, Self-Regulated Learning, and Achievement in Mathematics: A Growth Curve Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Wondimu; van der Werf, Greetje; Kuyper, Hans; Minnaert, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was twofold: (a) to investigate the developmental trends of 4 academic emotions (anxiety, boredom, enjoyment, and pride) and (b) to examine whether changes in emotions are linked to the changes in students' self-regulatory strategies (shallow, deep, and meta-cognitive) and achievement in mathematics. Four hundred…

  14. Flow Writing in the Liberal Arts Core and across the Disciplines: A Vehicle for Confronting and Transforming Academic Disengagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gute, Deanne; Gute, Gary

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the subjective experience of academic disengagement. Flow theory, which describes an intense form of engagement, structured writing-to-learn activities undergraduates applied in major and liberal arts courses. Results suggest that writing to learn can transform academic anxiety and boredom by facilitating concentration,…

  15. Mark Twain, Walt Disney, and the Playful Response to Pirate Stories

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Mark I.

    2010-01-01

    Like many a modern play theorist, both Mark Twain and Walt Disney were enchanted by the way children act out stories, in particular pirate tales. For both Twain and Disney, this fascination grew out of their small-town, midwestern boyhoods, where avid reading and fantasy play helped stave off boredom and fill emotional gaps for both of them. Even…

  16. Drugs in Sport: An Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ungerleider, Steven

    This literature review addresses the prevalance of drug use and abuse among college athletes and the reasons for such abuse. Among reasons cited are status, peer pressure, boredom, and performance enhancement. Possible interventions that may prevent illegal drug use are also discussed, including educating coaches and trainers to help athletes,…

  17. The Engaged Classroom: A Review and Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savich, Carl; Bizzotto, Glenda

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to analyze and critique the proposals made in "The Engaged Classroom" by Sam Intrator to increase student engagement in the classroom. The methodology used was to analyze, compare, and critique the proposals based on educational research on apathy and boredom in the instruction of history. The results were that the…

  18. Improving Critical Thinking Skills in History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savich, Carl

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this action research project was to investigate approaches and techniques that would improve critical thinking skills in history classes at the secondary level. Students demonstrated apathy and boredom in history classes where the emphasis was on rote memorization and the regurgitation of accepted facts and conclusions. The problem…

  19. The Donut House: Real World Literacy in an Urban Kindergarten Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Rebecca; Davidson, Nancy

    2005-01-01

    A set of field notes taken in second- and third-grade classrooms is presented as part of a statewide study of early literacy instruction. The coping strategies of two students as they attempt to overcome the boredom of the literacy practices at their school are discussed.

  20. Think, Feel, Act: Motivational and Emotional Influences on Military Students' Online Academic Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artino, Anthony R.

    2009-01-01

    This study employed a social-cognitive view of self-regulated learning to examine how several personal factors relate to academic success in an online course. Service academy undergraduates (N = 481) completed a survey that assessed their motivational beliefs (self-efficacy and task value); negative achievement emotions (boredom and frustration);…

  1. How to Stop Biting Your Nails

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... your mouth. Identify your triggers: These could be physical triggers, such as the presence of hangnails, or other triggers, such as boredom, stress, or anxiety. By figuring out what causes you to bite your nails, you can figure ...

  2. Experimental Longitudinal Test of the Influence of Autonomy-Supportive Teaching on Motivation for Participation in Elementary School Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leptokaridou, Elisavet T.; Vlachopoulos, Symeon P.; Papaioannou, Athanasios G.

    2016-01-01

    The present study examined the efficacy of autonomy-supportive teaching during elementary school physical education (PE) in influencing pupils' enjoyment, fear of failure, boredom and effort. A sample of 54 pupils attending fifth and sixth grades comprised the control group (typical instruction; n = 27) and the experimental group…

  3. Teaching Diverse Students: Focus on the Learning Cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erb, Thomas O.

    1994-01-01

    Young adolescents have diverse learning needs. If teachers accommodated the complete learning cycle by designing instructional units that began with romance activities, led to precision opportunities, and culminated in generalization projects, students could develop their diverse talents while avoiding boredom with uninspiring precision…

  4. School and Classroom Goal Structures: Effects on Affective Responses in Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkoukis, Vassilis; Koidou, Eirini; Tsorbatzoudis, Haralambos; Grouios, George

    2012-01-01

    The current study examined the relative impact of school and classroom goal structures on students' affective responses and the mediating role of motivation. The sample of the study consisted of 368 high school students, who completed measures of school and classroom goal structures, motivational regulations in physical education, boredom, and…

  5. Souls without Longing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Robert C.

    2003-01-01

    Suggests that college students must become aware of "today's malady of the soul," a new strain of boredom stemming from such factors as the decline of politics and absence of religion in people's lives. Asserts that students' belief in progress takes a toll, also noting the negative influence of nihilism. Cautions that students turn to drugs in…

  6. Developing Emotionally Competent Teachers: Emotional Intelligence and Pre-Service Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corcoran, Roisin P.; Tormey, Roland

    2012-01-01

    Classrooms are emotional places, filled at different times with enjoyment, excitement, anger, hurt and boredom. The teacher's skill in working with emotional information and in regulating their own and their pupils' emotion impacts upon what and how pupils learn. But what emotional competence do teachers need? Can they learn this in pre-service…

  7. Designing Appropriate Learning Tasks: The Environmental Management Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Stephen E.; Hildebrand, Kathryn

    2005-01-01

    An important goal of physical education is to instill positive attitudes toward physical activity that result in a healthy and active lifestyle (National Association for Sport and Physical Education, 2004). Boredom or frustration will cause students to lose interest in the activity unless it is modified to meet the individual's needs. For this…

  8. Visualisation and Gamification of e-Learning and Programming Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsson, Marie; Mozelius, Peter; Collin, Jonas

    2015-01-01

    Courses in virtual learning environments can leave recently enrolled participants in a state of loneliness, confusion and boredom. What course content is essential in the course, where can more information be found and which assignments are mandatory? Research has stated that learner control and motivation are crucial issues for successful online…

  9. Predicting Substance Use Behavior among South African Adolescents: The Role of Leisure Experiences across Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, Erin Hiley; Coffman, Donna L.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Smith, Edward A.; Wegner, Lisa; Vergnani, Tania; Mathews, Catherine

    2011-01-01

    Using seven waves of data, collected twice a year from the 8th through the 11th grades in a low-resource community in Cape Town, South Africa, we aimed to describe the developmental trends in three specific leisure experiences (leisure boredom, new leisure interests, and healthy leisure) and substance use (cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana)…

  10. The role of motivation and metacognition on the development of cognitive and affective responses in physical education les-sons: A self-determination approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yannis Karagiannidis

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The study investigated the role of motivation and metacognition in the formation of cognitive and affective outcomes from participation in physical education lessons within the framework of self-determination theory. A sample of 630 adolescents (M age = 14.06, SD = .29 participated in the study. Participants completed questionnaires including measures of perceived autonomy support in PE, autonomous motivation in PE, metacognitive processes in PE, enjoyment, boredom in PE and intention for leisure-time physical activity. Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that perceptions of autonomy supportive motivational climate significantly predicted enjoyment, boredom and intentions towards leisure-time physical activity. In addition autonomous motivation and metacognition significantly predicted enjoyment, boredom and intentions, whereas controlling motivation was a significant predictor of boredom. Multiple mediation modeling indicated that perceptions of autonomy supporting climate on these responses was mediated mainly by autonomous motivation and metacognition. The findings of the present study provide valuable information on the mediating role of autonomous motivation and metacognition on the effects of autonomy supportive motivational climate on students’ cognitive and affective responses during physical education lessons.

  11. Flow and Immersion in First-Person Shooters : Measuring the player’s gameplay experience

    OpenAIRE

    Nacke, Lennart; Lindley, Craig

    2008-01-01

    Researching experiential phenomena is a challenging undertaking, given the sheer variety of experiences that are described by gamers and missing a formal taxonomy: flow, immersion, boredom, excitement, challenge, and fun. These informal terms require scientific explanation, which amounts to providing measurable criteria for different experiential states. This paper reports the results of an experimental psychophysiological study investigating different traits of gameplay experience using subj...

  12. Humor: What Can It Do for Tertiary Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celik, Mehmet

    2004-01-01

    Given the important role of the affective variables in the process of learning, this paper examines ways of overcoming negative effects (i.e. anxiety, boredom) of the contextual factors. Exemplifying the uses of humor through context-specific, purpose-driven jokes, it maintains that humor can be utilized to produce a resourceful, encouraging and…

  13. Promoting Health-Related Fitness during Warm-Up Activities for Secondary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Ingrid

    2008-01-01

    It is common to begin a physical education class by having students run laps. Many teachers find that doing the same running warm-up day after day leads to boredom and a lack of interest in their students. This article provides teachers with developmentally appropriate warm-up activities that will not only motivate students, but also keep them…

  14. Academic Self-Concept and Emotion Relations: Domain Specificity and Age Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetz, Thomas; Cronjaeger, Hanna; Frenzel, Anne C.; Ludtke, Oliver; Hall, Nathan C.

    2010-01-01

    The present study investigated the relations between academic self-concepts and the emotions of enjoyment, pride, anxiety, anger, and boredom as experienced in mathematics, physics, German, and English classes (N=1710; grades 8 and 11). In line with our hypotheses derived from appraisal-based emotion theories and self-efficacy research,…

  15. The Domain Specificity of Academic Emotional Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetz, Thomas; Frenzel, Anne C.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Hall, Nathan C.

    2006-01-01

    The authors analyzed the domain specificity of emotions and focused on experiences of enjoyment, anxiety, and boredom in the domains of mathematics, Latin, German, and English. On the basis of assumptions in R. Pekrun's (2000; in press) control-value theory and findings of pilot studies, the authors hypothesized the existence of a largely…

  16. Between- and Within-Domain Relations of Students' Academic Emotions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetz, Thomas; Frenzel, Anne C.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Hall, Nathan C.; Ludtke, Oliver

    2007-01-01

    The authors investigated between- and within-domain relations of academic emotions, including students' enjoyment, pride, anxiety, anger, and boredom experienced in mathematics, physics, German, and English classes (N = 542; Grades 8 and 11). Corroborating assumptions of domain specificity, the between-domains relations of these emotions were weak…

  17. 人生箴言——工作篇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党宁(选译)

    2011-01-01

    1. Work banishes these three great evils: boredom, vice, and poverty. --Voltaire, French philosopher and poet 工作能撵跑三个魔鬼:无聊、堕落和贫穷。——法国哲学家、诗人伏尔泰

  18. Background Music in the Dissection Laboratory: Impact on Stress Associated with the Dissection Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anyanwu, Emeka G.

    2015-01-01

    Notable challenges, such as mental distress, boredom, negative moods, and attitudes, have been associated with learning in the cadaver dissection laboratory (CDL). The ability of background music (BM) to enhance the cognitive abilities of students is well documented. The present study was designed to investigate the impact of BM in the CDL and on…

  19. Waiting Time: The De-Subjectification of Children in Danish Asylum Centres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitus, Kathrine

    2010-01-01

    This article analyses the relationship between time and subjectification, focusing on the temporal structures created within Danish asylum centres and politics, and on children's experiences of and reactions to open-ended waiting. Such waiting leads to existential boredom which manifests in the children as restlessness, fatigue and despair. The…

  20. Salient Domains in the Self-Conception of Adults with Mental Retardation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zetlin, Andrea G.; Turner, Jim L.

    1988-01-01

    Forty-eight mentally retarded adults completed a semi-projective sentence completion task designed to identify major categories of self-representation. Identified domains (including work, social conformity and dependency, eventfulness/boredom, and interpersonal relations) are poorly represented on widely used global self-concept measures, and the…

  1. Feelings and Performance in the First Year at University: Learning-Related Emotions as Predictors of Achievement Outcomes in Mathematics and Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niculescu, Alexandra C.; Templelaar, Dirk; Leppink, Jimmie; Dailey-Hebert, Amber; Segers, Mien; Gijselaers, Wim

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: This study examined the predictive value of four learning-related emotions--Enjoyment, Anxiety, Boredom and Hopelessness for achievement outcomes in the first year of study at university. Method: We used a large sample (N = 2337) of first year university students enrolled over three consecutive academic years in a mathematics and…

  2. Schooling, Education and the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galtung, Johan

    A series of discussions on the present and possible future of education in Sweden is presented. The major themes covered are: the boredom of school; school and the life-cycle; the problem of examinations; a comparison of schooling and eating; a pupil centered school; experimental schools in Sicily and Oslo; the university; distinctions among the…

  3. Test-retest reliability and construct validity of the Experiential Discounting Task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smits, Rochelle R; Stein, Jeffrey S; Johnson, Patrick S; Odum, Amy L; Madden, Gregory J

    2013-04-01

    Delay discounting (the devaluation of delayed rewards) has been studied extensively using animal models with psychophysical adjustment procedures. Similar procedures have been developed to assess delay discounting in humans and these procedures most often use hypothetical rewards and delays. The Experiential Discounting Task (EDT) was developed to assess human delay discounting using real rewards and delays. In the present study we examined the test-retest reliability and construct validity of the EDT. Construct validity was evaluated by comparing it with a standard delay discounting task. The EDT had poor test-retest reliability and discounting rates obtained with this task were uncorrelated with those obtained in the standard delay discounting task. Area under the EDT discounting curve was negatively correlated with scores on a measure of boredom proneness (i.e., individuals prone to boredom more steeply discounted delayed money in the EDT). This correlation may underlie previous reports that discounting in the EDT is correlated with addictions, as some evidence suggests boredom proneness is correlated with gambling, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and sensation seeking. Boredom proneness scores were correlated with no other measure of discounting. These findings suggest the EDT measures a different construct than that measured by traditional delay discounting tasks. PMID:23421359

  4. Incremental Beliefs of Ability, Achievement Emotions and Learning of Singapore Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Wenshu; Lee, Kerry; Ng, Pak Tee; Ong, Joanne Xiao Wei

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the relationships of students' incremental beliefs of math ability to their achievement emotions, classroom engagement and math achievement. A sample of 273 secondary students in Singapore were administered measures of incremental beliefs of math ability, math enjoyment, pride, boredom and anxiety, as well as math…

  5. Emotions, Self-Regulated Learning, and Achievement in Mathematics : A Growth Curve Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ahmed, Wondimu; van der Werf, Greetje; Kuyper, Hans; Minnaert, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was twofold: (a) to investigate the developmental trends of 4 academic emotions (anxiety, boredom, enjoyment, and pride) and (b) to examine whether changes in emotions are linked to the changes in students' self-regulatory strategies (shallow, deep, and meta-cognitiv

  6. Students' Emotions during Homework: Structures, Self-Concept Antecedents, and Achievement Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetz, Thomas; Nett, Ulrike E.; Martiny, Sarah E.; Hall, Nathan C.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Dettmers, Swantje; Trautwein, Ulrich

    2012-01-01

    In the present study (N = 553; 8th and 11th grade students; 52% female) we investigated students' enjoyment, pride, anxiety, anger, and boredom while completing homework (homework emotions), and contrasted these emotions with those experienced during class (classroom emotions). Both homework emotions and classroom emotions were assessed separately…

  7. Moment-to-Moment Emotions during Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graesser, Arthur C.; D'Mello, Sidney

    2012-01-01

    Moment-to-moment emotions are affective states that dynamically change during reading and potentially influence comprehension. Researchers have recently identified these emotions and the emotion trajectories in reading, tutoring, and problem solving. The primary learning-centered emotions are boredom, frustration, confusion, flow (engagement),…

  8. New Television Narratives: Entertainment Telling Citizenship Experimental

    OpenAIRE

    Rincón, Omar

    2011-01-01

    Broadcasting and industrial television is a trip back to the past to a space devoid of meaning and to the boredom resulting from its moral conservatism lack of creativity thought and entertainment. But television’s monopoly over public screening is over. Now anyone can be a producer an audiovisual narrator with his or her own screen.

  9. Young Peoples' Opinions about the Causes of, and Solutions to, New Zealand's High Youth Suicide Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heled, Edna; Read, John

    2005-01-01

    In response to an open-ended question about the causes of New Zealand's high youth suicide rate, 384 young adults most commonly cited pressure to conform and perform, followed by financial worries, abuse and neglect, problems with alcohol or drugs, and boredom. Depression was cited by 5 percent and mental illness by only 1 percent. Recommended…

  10. More Than Flow: Revisiting the Theory of Four Channels of Flow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-I Teng

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Flow (FCF theory has received considerable attention in recent decades. In addition to flow, FCF theory proposed three influential factors, that is, boredom, frustration, and apathy. While these factors have received relatively less attention than flow, Internet applications have grown exponentially, warranting a closer reexamination of the applicability of the FCF theory. Thus, this study tested the theory that high/low levels of skill and challenge lead to four channels of flow. The study sample included 253 online gamers who provided valid responses to an online survey. Analytical results support the FCF theory, although a few exceptions were noted. First, skill was insignificantly related to apathy, possibly because low-skill users can realize significant achievements to compensate for their apathy. Moreover, in contrast with the FCF theory, challenge was positively related to boredom, revealing that gamers become bored with difficult yet repetitive challenges. Two important findings suggest new directions for FCF theory.

  11. No Child Left Behind and the Impact of Kurt Heller’s Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franz J. MONKS

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB was signed into law on January 8 in the year 2002. This law had a significant influence on all aspects of American education from pre-kindergarten up to grade 12. The basic intention of the law was: all children should have to meet quality standards that are assessed each year. The consequence was that teachers concentrated their attention especially to the slow and difficult learners. Consequently the fast and talented learners were neglected and school became for them increasingly a place of boredom. Boredom can produce a negative school motivation, or even worse it can kill motivation. Heller, on the other side, contributed as teacher and scientist in a substantial way for more than 4 decades to the well-being of all children, especially the talented and gifted learners. Some of his prominent achievements are highlighted in this article.

  12. Students' Emotions during homework : structures, self-concept antecedents, and achievement outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Götz, Thomas; Martiny, Sarah E.; Ulrike E. Nett; Hall, Nathan C.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Dettmers, Swantje; Trautwein, Ulrich

    2012-01-01

    In the present study (N = 553; 8th and 11th grade students; 52% female) we investigated students' enjoyment, pride, anxiety, anger, and boredom while completing homework (homework emotions), and contrasted these emotions with those experienced during class (classroom emotions). Both homework emotions and classroom emotions were assessed separately for the domains of mathematics, physics, German, and English. Our hypotheses were based on propositions of the control-value theory of achievement ...

  13. Arousing Students' Interest Through Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新清

    2013-01-01

    As is well known,interest is the best teacher and it can cause motivation. "Motivation is what moves the students from boredom to interest, It's something like engine and steering wheel of an automobile . "(Spolsky. B. 1989 ) So I decided to adopt some different kinds of games in my lessons to arouse the learners' interest and motivate them , and help them keep up their English learning.

  14. Classroom Texting in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettijohn, Terry F.; Frazier, Erik; Rieser, Elizabeth; Vaughn, Nicholas; Hupp-Wilds, Bobbi

    2015-01-01

    A 21-item survey on texting in the classroom was given to 235 college students. Overall, 99.6% of students owned a cellphone and 98% texted daily. Of the 138 students who texted in the classroom, most texted friends or significant others, and indicate the reason for classroom texting is boredom or work. Students who texted sent a mean of 12.21…

  15. ALIENATION, SENSATION SEEKING AND MULTIPHASIC PERSONALITY QUESTIONNAIRE PROFILE IN MEN BEING TREATED FOR ALCOHOL AND/OR OPIOID DEPENDENCE

    OpenAIRE

    Mattoo, Surendra K.; Varma, Vijoy K.; Singh, Ram Avatar; Khurana, Hitesh; Kaur, Rajinder; Suresh K. Sharma

    2001-01-01

    Two hundred and thirty men, being treated for ICD-10 diagnosed dependence on alcohol, opioids or both, were studied 2-4 weeks after the last use of alcohol or opioids. Alienation Scale, Sensation Seeking Scale and Muliphasic Personality Questionnaire (MPQ), and selected sociodemographic and family history data were studied. All three groups showed high alienation (more in opioid cases), high sensation seeking (more in alcohol cases, more for boredom susceptibility), and a disturbed MPQ profil...

  16. Development of interactive screens in rail vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, William

    2013-01-01

    This thesis consists of a product development project carried out in cooperation with Bombardier Transportation in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. The aim of this work was to develop a new infotainment system (information-based media content or programming that also includes entertainment content in an effort to enhance popularity with audiences and consumers) (David, 2005) for rail vehicles to counteract negative emotions such as boredom and impatience, and strengthen Bombardier's competitive rai...

  17. The Communicators%世上最通人话的两只动物,走了

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHARLES SEIBERT; 徐冬一

    2008-01-01

    @@ 1 THERE IS, IN THE END, no telling what tales they had to tell, the two greatest nonhuman linguists of our day: Washoe, the sign-language-wielding chimpanzee with an intense footwear fetish; and Alex, the wildly outspoken parrot, an African gray known to regularly order about his human researchers and to purposely give them the wrong answers to their questions just to alleviate his boredom. After all, we only ever gave them our own words to work with.

  18. The adoption of job rotation: testing the theories

    OpenAIRE

    Tor Eriksson; Jaime Ortega

    2006-01-01

    This paper tests three possible explanations for why firms adopt job rotation: employee learning (rotation makes employees more versatile), employer learning (through rotation, employers learn more about individual workers' strengths), and employee motivation (rotation mitigates boredom). Whereas previous studies have examined either establishment characteristics or a single firm's personnel records, this study merges information from a detailed survey of Danish private sector firms with link...

  19. SPORT EDUCATION MODEL AND SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY: AN INTERVENTION IN SECONDARY SCHOOL CHILDREN

    OpenAIRE

    Cuevas, Ricardo; García-López, Luis Miguel; Serra-Olivares, Jaime

    2016-01-01

    Using self-determination theory as a guiding framework, this study analyzed the impact of the Sport Education Model in self-determination and motivation, psychological basic need thwarting, enjoymentsatisfaction, boredom, and intention to be physically active in Physical Education (PE) of secondary school students in Spain. Two groups were selected for the study: an experimental group (EG; n=43), which received 19 volleyball lessons following the Sport Education Model, and a control group (CG...

  20. Differentiating emotional hotel experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Desmet, P.M.A.; Guiza Caicedo, D.; Hout, M. van

    2009-01-01

    Emotions experienced in response to hotel services were examined with an online questionnaire. The study resulted in 348 cases of hotel service emotions. The frequency of reported pleasant emotions was similar to the frequency of reported unpleasant emotions. Often reported pleasant emotions were satisfaction, enjoyment, and admiration. Often reported unpleasant emotions were dissatisfaction, aversion, and boredom. Some conditions were found to elicit both pleasant and unpleasant emotions (e....

  1. Sharing emotions during a computer-mediated collaborative task: a dual eye-tracking study

    OpenAIRE

    Cereghetti, Donato; Molinari, Gaëlle; Chanel, Guillaume; Pun, Thierry; Betrancourt, Mireille

    2015-01-01

    With the development of distance learning programs, it is now usual for learners to complete collaborative tasks remotely. Even if audio and video channels are available, the subtle cues that allow to infer the partner's emotional states (e.g., interest, boredom, frustration) are seriously diminished. This study explores the impact of using a group emotion awareness tool on learners' interaction and perception. To achieve this goal, a dual eye-tracking approach was used in combination with an...

  2. THE VIEWS AND PRACTICES ABOUT SPELLING ON THE TEXT PUBLISHING / METIN NESRINDE IMLÂ ÜZERINE GÖRÜSLER ve UYGULAMALARA DÂIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turgut KOÇAOĞLU (M.A.H.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The most of studies about Classical TurkishLiterature and Turkish Language are formed the textpublishings. But spelling is a problem about long yearsand as well as today. Some of the scientists of us drew upvarious writings to express the boredoms andincoherences and to present offers’ solution about thissubject. At this paper three writings from these,examined, tackled the works of anyone of the scientistsand searched how preferences about spelling on the textpublishing.

  3. Beyond vandalism: Wikipedia trolls

    OpenAIRE

    Shachaf, Pnina; HARA, Noriko

    2010-01-01

    Research on trolls is scarce, but their activities challenge online communities; one of the main challenges of the Wikipedia community is to fight against vandalism and trolls. This study identifies Wikipedia trolls’ behaviours and motivations, and compares and contrasts hackers with trolls; it extends our knowledge about this type of vandalism and concludes that Wikipedia trolls are one type of hacker. This study reports that boredom, attention seeking, and revenge motivate trolls; they rega...

  4. Lost or fond? Effects of nostalgia on sad mood recovery vary by attachment insecurity

    OpenAIRE

    Cavanagh, Sarah R.; Glode, Ryan J.; Opitz, Philipp C.

    2015-01-01

    Nostalgia involves a fond recollection of people and events lost to time. Growing evidence indicates that nostalgia may ameliorate negative affective states such as loneliness and boredom. However, the effect of nostalgia on sadness is unknown, and there is little research on how social connectedness might impact nostalgia's effects. Grounded in a theoretical framework whereby people with lower levels of attachment insecurity benefit more from nostalgia, we exposed participants to a mortality...

  5. What Is The Proximate Cause Of Begging Behaviour In A Group Of Captive Asian Short-Clawed Otters?

    OpenAIRE

    Gothard Nicola

    2007-01-01

    The study aimed to ascertain the proximate cause of ‘begging’ behaviour in a group of captive Asian short-clawed otters (Aonyx cinereus). Two alternative hypotheses were tested by manipulating aspects of husbandry in three experimental conditions. Condition 1 served as a baseline for comparison. In Condition 2 meal worms and crickets were provided every hour to stimulate natural foraging and hunting behaviour and alleviate boredom. During Condition 3 the food allowance was increased by 7.5% o...

  6. The Eurythmic as a Tool to Enhance Memory. Activities against Alzheimers

    OpenAIRE

    Vernia Carrasco, Anna Mercedes

    2014-01-01

    Older adults tend to passivity, boredom, loneliness and isolation. To combat these threats is necessary that day centers, universities, residences or associations do activities that could cope with (Petrus, 1997). In this sense, raise a playful way activity that increases both brain activity as the motor means improving the quality of life. In fact, is considered immature to adult playing, but playing involves sanity, mental balance, have not personality disorders as a depression or other pat...

  7. Recognizing borderline personality disorder in the family practice setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, J R; Saathoff, G B; Bernardo, M J; Barnett, B L

    1995-09-01

    The first step in the management of borderline personality disorder is making the correct diagnosis. A clinical example illustrates symptoms of a patient with borderline personality disorder in a family practice setting. Major characteristics of borderline personality disorder include severe mood instability, fear of abandonment, chronic boredom, self-injury, unstable interpersonal relationships, "splitting," identity instability and borderline rage. Early diagnosis may help prevent potential management problems and possible doctor-patient conflicts. PMID:7653428

  8. Positive experiences in physical education through teacher intervention in the teaching unit futsal.

    OpenAIRE

    Ángel Abós Catalán; Javier Sevil Serrano; María Sanz Remacha; Alberto Aibar Solana; Luis García-González

    2015-01-01

    The interpersonal style used by the teacher of Physical Education (PE) in their classes can trigger consequences for students inside and outside the classroom. Grounded in self-determination theory and achievement goal theory, the aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between motivational climate and support of the basic psychological needs (BPN) generated by the PE teacher in the teaching unit (TU) of futsal, with consequences of enjoyment and boredom, as well as the predispositio...

  9. Microgravity Playscapes: Play in Long-Term Space Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liapi, Marianthi; Ackermann, Edith

    2016-01-01

    Th?e authors examine the potential impact of play on astronauts adapting to the extreme conditions of space travel. Th?ey cite research showing that well-trained astronauts, though in general physically fi?t and emotionally stable, can suffer from--among other things--boredom and sensory deprivation in the con?fines of the microgravity capsules…

  10. Estética da indiferença: o tédio, sentimento paradigmático da arte contemporânea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Formis

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto trata do caráter ordinário da arte contemporânea, segundo o qual a técnica tem valor menor no conjunto da obra de arte, assim como esta não traduz de alguma maneira a essência da beleza, e o tédio e a insensibilidade são seus elementos fundamentais. A essa estética poderíamos chamar, de acordo com a autora, de estética da indiferença. Desse modo, na estética da arte contemporânea o sentimento está ausente e o que permanece é a indiferença. O sentimento de anestesia da sensibilidade tem sua expressão máxima no tédio. Não obstante a indiferença, a insensibilidade e o tédio serem constitutivos da arte contemporânea, esses aspectos não a fazem algo absolutamente dispensável à vida. Palavras-chave: Arte; estética; indiferença; tédio; arte contemporânea. ABSTRACT The actual text deals with the ordinary character of contemporary art, in which its technique has less value than the art itself as well as it does not translate the essence of beauty whatsoever, boredom and insensibility are its fundamental elements. According to the author, this aesthete can be called as aesthete of indifference. So, in the aesthete of contemporary art, feeling is absent and what remains is indifference. The anesthetic feeling in its sensibility has its main expression in boredom. Despite indifference, insensibility and boredom are part of contemporary art, these aspects do not however, make of it something unessential to life. Key words: Art; aesthete; indifference; boredom; contemporary art.

  11. Environmental enrichment in farm, zoo, companion and experimental animals

    OpenAIRE

    Vučinić Marijana

    2009-01-01

    The paper deals with environmental enrichment for domestic animals at farms, animals in zoos, experimental animals and pet animals. Also, the paper defines and describes different strategies of environmental enrichment. Environmental enrichment is a simple and effective mean of prevention of boredom, behavioral disorders as well as an effective mean of improving animal welfare in farm, zoo, companion and experimental animals. Different items and materials may be used for environmental enrichm...

  12. Perceived Reasons for Substance Misuse Among Persons With a Psychiatric Disorder

    OpenAIRE

    Laudet, Alexandre B.; Magura, Stephen; Vogel, Howard S.; Knight, Edward L.

    2004-01-01

    The etiology of substance use among persons with severe mental illness remains unclear. This study investigates stated reasons for substance use among persons in recovery from co-occurring disorders of serious mental illness and substance abuse and dependence. The desire to fit in with peers played a key role in the initiation of substance use; boredom, loneliness, temptations to use, and stress were cited most as relapse triggers. The authors discuss the need for dually diagnosed persons to ...

  13. Impact of utilisation of uncompleted handouts on power point presentations (PPT) in rural Indian medical institute

    OpenAIRE

    ROSHAN BHAISARE; BHAVNA KAMBLE

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Note taking while attending a PPT requires high activity of memory and writing process which ultimately leads to what is called “death by power point” referring to boredom and fatigue. To overcome this we planned to evaluate the impact of utilisation of uncompleted handouts given prior to PPT presentations. Methods: Final year MBBS students were divided in 2 batches, batch A and batch B. For a set of lectures one batch was provided with handouts before le...

  14. Investigation of the role of personal factors on work injury in underground mines using structural equation modeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    P.S. Paul

    2013-01-01

    Work injuries in mines are complex and generally characterized by several factors starting from personal to technical and technical to social characteristics. In this paper, investigation was made through the application of structural equation modeling to study the nature of relationships between the influencing/associating personal factors and work injury and their sequential relationships leading towards work injury occurrences in underground coal mines. Six variables namely, rebelliousness, negative affectivity, job boredom, job dissatisfaction and work injury were considered in this study. Instruments were developed to quantify them through a questionnaire survey. Underground mine work-ers were randomly selected for the survey. Responses from 300 participants were used for the analysis. The structural model of LISREL was used to estimate the interrelationships amongst the variables. The case study results show that negative affectivity and job boredom induce more job dissatisfaction to the workers whereas risk taking attitude of the individual is positively influenced by job dissatisfaction as well as by rebelliousness characteristics of the individual. Finally, risk taking and job dissatisfaction are having positive significant direct relationship with work injury. The findings of this study clearly reveal that rebelliousness, negative affectivity and job boredom are the three key personal factors influencing work related injuries in mines that need to be addressed properly through effective safety programs.

  15. Incidence of Parental Support and Pressure on Their Children's Motivational Processes towards Sport Practice Regarding Gender.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Amado

    Full Text Available Grounded in Self-Determination Theory, structural equation modeling (SEM with the aim of examining how parental support/pressure could influence their children´s motivational processes in sport was conducted, as well as the models´ differences in operability regarding gender. The sample size was 321 children ranging in age from 10 to 16 years old who were athletes from Extremadura, and 321 parents (included only the father or mother more involved with the sport of his or her child. 175 participants were male and 146 were female from individual (n = 130, and team sports (n=191. A questionnaire was conducted to assess parental perception of support/pressure and another questionnaire was conducted to measure satisfaction of basic psychological needs, type of motivation and enjoyment/boredom showed by their children towards sport practice. Results revealed that parental pressure negatively predicted satisfaction of the basic psychological needs. It also emerged as a strong positive predictor of intrinsic motivation and negative predictor of amotivation. Moreover, intrinsic motivation emerged as positive predictor of enjoyment and a negative predictor of boredom, whereas amotivation positively predicted boredom and negatively predicted enjoyment. Furthermore, results showed there were mean differences by gender: male athletes perceived greater parental pressure. Hence, it is necessary to decrease parental pressure towards their children in sport, with the aim of making them more motivated and enjoy, promoting positive consequences.

  16. Frontal EEG/ERP correlates of attentional processes, cortisol and motivational states in adolescents from lower and higher socioeconomic status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amedeo D'angiulli

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Event-related potentials (ERPs and other electroencephalographic (EEG evidence show that frontal brain areas of higher and lower socioeconomic status (SES children are recruited differently during selective attention tasks. We assessed whether multiple variables related to self-regulation (perceived mental effort emotional states (e.g., anxiety, stress, etc. and motivational states (e.g., boredom, engagement, etc. may co-occur or interact with frontal attentional processing probed in two matched-samples of fourteen lower-SES and higher-SES adolescents. ERP and EEG activation were measured during a task probing selective attention to sequences of tones. Pre- and post-task salivary cortisol and self-reported emotional states were also measured. At similar performance level, the higher-SES group showed a greater ERP differentiation between attended (relevant and unattended (irrelevant tones than the lower-SES group. EEG power analysis revealed a cross-over interaction, specifically, lower-SES adolescents showed significantly higher theta power when ignoring rather than attending to tones, whereas, higher-SES adolescents showed the opposite pattern. Significant theta asymmetry differences were also found at midfrontal electrodes indicating left hypo-activity in lower-SES adolescents. The attended vs. unattended difference in right midfrontal theta increased with individual SES rank, and (independently from SES with lower cortisol task reactivity and higher boredom. Results suggest lower-SES children used additional compensatory resources to monitor/control response inhibition to distracters, perceiving also more mental effort, as compared to higher-SES counterparts. Nevertheless, stress, boredom and other task-related perceived states were unrelated to SES. Ruling out presumed confounds, this study confirms the midfrontal mechanisms responsible for the SES effects on selective attention reported previously and here reflect genuine cognitive

  17. Ethnographies of Youth and Temporality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgård, Anne Line; Frederiksen, Martin Demant; Højlund, Susanne;

    As we experience and manipulate time—be it as boredom or impatience—it becomes an object: something materialized and social, something that affects perception, or something that may motivate reconsideration and change. The editors and contributors to this important new book, Ethnographies of Youth...... emotional unrest and violence but also creativity and hope are responses to troubling times. The chapters discuss notions of time and its “objectification” in diverse locales including the Georgian Republic, Brazil, Denmark, and Uganda. Based on long-term ethnographic fieldwork, the essays in Ethnographies...

  18. The Bored Self in Knowledge Work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Costas, Jana; Kärreman, Dan

    2016-01-01

    of the bored self as a combination of unfilled aspirations and the sense of stagnation, leading to an arrested identity. Our contribution is to expand extant conceptualizations of employee interactions with identity regulation, in particular relating to identity work and identification. The findings provide......This article draws attention to reported experiences of boredom in knowledge work. Drawing on extensive qualitative data gathered at two management consultancy firms, we analyze these experiences as a particular interaction with identity regulation and work experiences. We conceptualize the reports...

  19. Science toys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crease, Robert P.

    2009-01-01

    "I have a low boredom threshold," Tim Rowett explains, ushering in my son Alex and me. Rowett is a jovial, professorishlooking man with wire-rimmed glasses and a short, white beard. Alex and I have gone to his flat in Twickenham, on the edge of London, to see his collection of fun stuff - jokes, games, puzzles and other toys related to science. When I ask what they have in common, Rowett has a ready, if not illuminating, answer: "They're just things that make people go 'Wow!'."

  20. Gaming under pre-trial detention: At-risk youth and their digital leisure practices during remand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rune Kristian; Witkowski, Emma

    experienced? This is the circumstance, which we directly investigate, in this early study: the digital leisure practices of incarcerated at-risk youths who experience boredom as “a part of the walls” of their short-term way of life (Torbenfeldt Bengtsson, 2012). This early study looks at how play and......, these two themes become clear - rules of engagement as an articulated and necessary part of everyday gaming action, and a sense of play as caring and togetherness. As an exploratory investigation, we look to examine gaming practices as they manifest themselves in this unique situation, which is full...

  1. Video game addiction in children and teenagers in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Shao-I; Lee, Jie-Zhi; Huang, Der-Hsiang

    2004-10-01

    Video game addiction in children and teenagers in Taiwan is associated with levels of animosity, social skills, and academic achievement. This study suggests that video game addiction can be statistically predicted on measures of hostility, and a group with high video game addiction has more hostility than others. Both gender and video game addiction are negatively associated with academic achievement. Family function, sensation seeking, gender, and boredom have statistically positive relationships with levels of social skills. Current models of video game addiction do not seem to fit the findings of this study. PMID:15667052

  2. The problem of professional burnout in stress management

    OpenAIRE

    Makasheva Natalia; Makasheva Julia; Gromova Anna; Ishtunov Sergey; Burykhin Boris

    2016-01-01

    The problem of professional burnout is extremely relevant in current stress management. By its nature, professional burnout is a unique type of stress syndrome that is characterized by emotional exhaustion. It leads to loss of energy and interest in one’s job. A burnout could be the result of such syndromes as – burnout and boreout. It could emerge as the reaction of the organism to the high working intensity and stress working conditions or due to the boredom and absence of the sphere for pr...

  3. Frances E. Jensen's The Teenage Brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveri, Marisa M

    2015-01-01

    The unpredictable and sometimes incomprehensible moods and behaviors of a teenager can be a head-scratching mystery-especially to parents. Hormones, boredom, social media, peer pressure, and drugs and alcohol are just a few of the factors to consider. Frances E. Jensen, M.D., professor and chair of neurology at the University of Pennsylvania and the mother of two sons who are now in their twenties (along with Washington Post health and science reporter and Pulitzer Prize winner Amy Ellis Nutt) look at the emerging science of the adolescent brain and provide advice based on Jensen's own research and experience as a single mother. PMID:27408670

  4. PRE-LISTENING METHODS IN LISTENING CLASS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhangYijun; WangQingjiang

    2004-01-01

    At it is often the case, listening to English is not easy for English students and it is more difficult for Non-English major students. Many students have associated listening courses with pain and boredom and often complain that they benefit little from listening lessons. So, it is necessary for English teachers to realize the importance of how to make listening class more interesting and to know how to motivate students so that they can make progress in listening comprehension. Some practical and interesting teaching methods are discussed.

  5. Emotion Recognition Through Body Language Using RGB-D Sensor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiforenko, Lilita; Kraft, Dirk

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents results on automatic non-acted human emotion recognition using full standing body movements and postures. The focus of this paper is to show that it is possible to classify emotions using a consumer depth sensor in an everyday scenario. The features for classification are body...... by various visual stimuli. We present the emotion dataset that is recorded using Microsoft Kinect for Windows sensor and body joints rotation angles that are extracted using Microsoft Kinect Software Development Kit 1.6. The classified emotions are curiosity, confusion, joy, boredom and disgust. We show...

  6. Northrop Frye on Leisure as Activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graham, Brian Russell

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that Frye’s theory of leisure as an activity (distinct from the leisure industry) represents an example of meliorist thought in relation to culture. Clarifying this view involves contrasting this conclusion about Frye with the Bourdieuian perspective, which makes up the content...... of the second main section. Before turning to social class, this article considers Frye’s discussion of leisure and boredom, and his overall view of the values, activities, historic struggles and class association of three sectors: industry, politics and leisure....

  7. Northrop Frye on Leisure as Activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graham, Brian Russell

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that Frye’s theory of leisure as an activity (distinct from the leisure industry) represents an example of meliorist thought in relation to culture. Clarifying this view involves contrasting this conclusion about Frye with the Bourdieuian perspective, which makes up the conten...... of the second main section. Before turning to social class, this article considers Frye’s discussion of leisure and boredom, and his overall view of the values, activities, historic struggles and class association of three sectors: industry, politics and leisure....

  8. Contributions to an interpretation of the structure of Dasein according to its bidimensional character

    OpenAIRE

    Leticia Basso Monteverde

    2014-01-01

    From a reading of Sein und Zeit and contemporary courses, we are interested in examining the transcendental structure of Dasein to explain what we understand as its bidimensional character. For this, we analyze the function of the mood in the dynamics of the structure through the anxiety (Angst) and profound boredom (tiefe Langeweile). We emphasize the affective disposition as an existential starting point and condition of possibility for  two  pathways,  since  in  relation  to  being  we  o...

  9. Reservists in a postconflict zone: deployment stressors and the deployment experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orme, Geoffrey J; Kehoe, E James

    2014-02-01

    In postconflict zones, both aid and military personnel face chronic stress, including boredom, isolation, family separation, and difficult living conditions, plus the intra-organizational and interpersonal frictions found in all work settings. Australian Army reservists (N = 350) were surveyed during and after peacekeeping in the Solomon Islands. Most respondents reported having a positive experience (66%) and fewer reported their experience was neutral (16%) or negative (17%). The stressors reported by reservists predominately emanated from work-related sources rather than from separation or the operational environment. The discussion considers leadership factors, especially the role of organizational justice in deployed organizations, that may influence the deployment experience. PMID:24491608

  10. Reservists in a postconflict zone: deployment stressors and the deployment experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orme, Geoffrey J; Kehoe, E James

    2014-02-01

    In postconflict zones, both aid and military personnel face chronic stress, including boredom, isolation, family separation, and difficult living conditions, plus the intra-organizational and interpersonal frictions found in all work settings. Australian Army reservists (N = 350) were surveyed during and after peacekeeping in the Solomon Islands. Most respondents reported having a positive experience (66%) and fewer reported their experience was neutral (16%) or negative (17%). The stressors reported by reservists predominately emanated from work-related sources rather than from separation or the operational environment. The discussion considers leadership factors, especially the role of organizational justice in deployed organizations, that may influence the deployment experience.

  11. Intrusive music: The perception of everyday music explored by diaries

    OpenAIRE

    Gavin, Helen

    2006-01-01

    Music has a profound effect on those hearing it. It has the power to create and influence moods and emotions, alleviate boredom, facilitate concentration and motivation, and, according to DeNora (2000), to act as a force for social ordering as well as action, both at the level of the individual and collective. DeNora goes further and says that it can reconstruct the listener’s experience, a phenomenon that is under-researched and not clearly understood. Music plays an important role in consum...

  12. Impact of utilisation of uncompleted handouts on power point presentations (PPT) in rural Indian medical institute

    OpenAIRE

    Bhaisare, Roshan; Kamble, Bhavna

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Note taking while attending a PPT requires high activity of memory and writing process which ultimately leads to what is called “death by power point” referring to boredom and fatigue.  To overcome this we planned to evaluate the impact of utilisation of uncompleted handouts given prior to PPT presentations. Methods Final year MBBS students were divided in 2 batches, batch A and batch B.  For a set of lectures one batch was provided with handouts before lecture while the other ba...

  13. Great expectations. Eating expectancies as mediators of reinforcement sensitivity and eating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennegan, Julie M; Loxton, Natalie J; Mattar, Ameerah

    2013-12-01

    Eating expectancies are proposed as cognitive pathways linking reinforcement (reward and punishment) sensitivities and the tendency to over-eat in response to appetitive and emotional cues. In Study One (N=243 university women) explicit eating expectancies were tested as potential mediators of reinforcement sensitivities and eating styles. Broadly, expectancies that eating alleviates negative affect/boredom mediated both reward and punishment sensitivity and emotional eating. The expectancy that eating is pleasurable and rewarding mediated reward sensitivity and external eating. In Study Two (N=109), using an implicit eating expectancy task, reward sensitivity and external eating was mediated via positive expectancy statements, notably, that eating is pleasurable and rewarding. Reward sensitivity and emotional eating was mediated specifically by expectancies that eating manages boredom. Punishment sensitivity was not associated with any implicit expectancies. Findings support the role of expectancies as cognitive mediators in the relationship between reinforcement sensitivities and emotionally-driven versus externally-driven eating styles. However, the largely appetitive implicit expectancies task only supported an association with reward sensitivity. PMID:23932947

  14. Examination of Automation-Induced Complacency and Individual Difference Variates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prinzel, Lawrence J., III; DeVries, Holly; Freeman, Fred G.; Mikulka, Peter

    2001-01-01

    Automation-induced complacency has been documented as a cause or contributing factor in many airplane accidents throughout the last two decades. It is surmised that the condition results when a crew is working in highly reliable automated environments in which they serve as supervisory controllers monitoring system states for occasional automation failures. Although many reports have discussed the dangers of complacency, little empirical research has been produced to substantiate its harmful effects on performance as well as what factors produce complacency. There have been some suggestions, however, that individual characteristics could serve as possible predictors of performance in automated systems. The present study examined relationship between the individual differences of complacency potential, boredom proneness, and cognitive failure, automation-induced complacency. Workload and boredom scores were also collected and analyzed in relation to the three individual differences. The results of the study demonstrated that there are personality individual differences that are related to whether an individual will succumb to automation-induced complacency. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

  15. A cluster analysis on students' perceived motivational climate. Implications on psycho-social variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez-Rio, Javier; Méndez-Giménez, Antonio; Cecchini Estrada, Jose A

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine how students' perceptions of the class climate influence their basic psychological needs, motivational regulations, social goals and outcomes such as boredom, enjoyment, effort, and pressure/tension. 507 (267 males, 240 females) secondary education students agreed to participate. They completed a questionnaire that included the Spanish validated versions of Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ-2), Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise (BPNES), Perceived Locus of Causality (PLOC), Social Goal Scale-Physical Education (SGS-PE), and several subscales of the IMI. A hierarchical cluster analysis uncovered four independent class climate profiles that were confirmed by a K-Means cluster analysis: "high ego", "low ego-task", "high ego-medium task", and "high task". Several MANOVAs were performed using these clusters as independent variables and the different outcomes as dependent variables (p responsibility and relationship, as well as low levels of amotivation, boredom and pressure/tension. Students' perceptions of a performance class climate made the positive scores decrease significantly. Cluster 3 revealed that a mastery oriented class structure undermines the negative behavioral and psychological effects of a performance class climate. This finding supports the buffering hypothesis of the achievement goal theory. PMID:25012581

  16. The Use of Inflight Online Distance Education for Mission Support and Psychological Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mardon, Austin; Nichol, Kenneth; Mardon, Catherine

    Time, too much of and the resulting boredom is a major psychological barrier to multi year inner solar system space missions. Cross training which could be facilitated by online in flight educational programs might serve mission purposes and distract astronauts from the natural multiyear boredom to and from Mars. The personnel selected will be motivated well educated and likely very intelligent. They might have even experience some educational online and computer based education during their educational history. Distance learning is become more and more common in the educational landscape in the world. The mission doctor might learn geology. The geologist might learn ship systems. The pilot might learn basic medical treatment. The advantage of having planned out learning schemes might have major morale boosting factors by giving the self motivated high achieving crew something to direct their energies toward. The time lag could be compensated for by AI spacecraft educational software. Also for recreational purposes archeology or cultural studies could be taught to give greater breadth of interest. Online educational institutions might even do curriculum for free if they could be used afterward and before. Many high achievers have diverse interests and this might boost morale by allowing them to learn about a field of study that they had always had an interest in but their career took them in a different direction

  17. Influential motivational variables in a teaching unit of rugby: the key to improving the educational intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Abós Catalán

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Physical inactivity is one of the most important problems that affect to our society due to the lack of student motivation in some school contents. The objective of this study was to study the relationship between motivational climate created by the Physical Education teacher in a teaching unit of rugby and basic psychological needs, self-determined motivation and affective consequences experienced by students. A total of 77 students (M age = 15.35, SD = 0.53 of an educational institution, belonging to 4th year Secondary Education, completed the following questionnaires: Perceived of Motivational Climate Scale (EPCM, Basic Psychological Needs in Excersice Scale (BPNES, Situational Motivation Scale (SIMS-14 and the Scale of Entertainment / Boredom in Physical Education (SSI-EF. The results showed that task climate predicted positively and significantly the three basic psychological needs and self-determined forms of motivation, while the ego climate predicted amotivation. In turn, the three basic psychological needs predicted positively intrinsic motivation, while the amotivation was negatively predicted by perceived competence and social relationships. Also, it was found a positive prediction between intrinsic motivation and enjoyment, and negatively with respect to boredom, which was also predicted by amotivation. The results suggest the idea that Physical Education teachers should create a task climate, favoring the satisfaction of the psychological mediators and developing a more self-determined motivation which could trigger affective consequences like enjoyment. 

  18. Personality and Injury Risk Among ‎Professional Hockey Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David C. Schwebel

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although much is known about risk for athletic injury, research on the roles of individual differences in personality and temperament on athletic injury has lagged. We hypothesized that professional athletes with high sensation-seeking and extraversion scores, and with low effortful control scores, would experience more injuries over the course of a season, would have more severe injuries, and would miss more total days of play. Methods: Prospective design with questionnaire report at time one and injury tracking throughout an 18-week athletic season. Setting: Professional hockey team in the United States. Participants: Eighteen professional hockey players (ages 21-33. Measurements: Players completed self-report personality (Sensation-Seeking Scale, Form V and temperament (the Adult Temperament Questionnaire measures. Quantity and severity of injury, as well as playing time missed, were tracked for 18 weeks. Results: On average, players experienced almost 6 injuries causing a loss of 10 playing days through the season. Those players scoring high on Boredom Susceptibility and Total Sensation-Seeking incurred more total injuries. Those scoring high on temperamental neutral perceptual sensitivity suffered more severe injuries. Conclusions: Athletes who suffered more injuries reported a preference for stimulating environments and boredom with non-stimulating environments. Injury severity was not correlated with sensation-seeking but was related to temperamental perceptual sensitivity. Implications for identification of injury-prone athletes, pre-injury training, and post-injury treatment are discussed.

  19. Differences in Sensation Seeking Between Alpine Skiers, Snowboarders and Ski Tourers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopp, Martin; Wolf, Mirjam; Ruedl, Gerhard; Burtscher, Martin

    2016-03-01

    Despite different injury rates and injury patterns previous personality related research in the field of downhill winter sports did not subdivide between different alpine slope users. In this study, we tried to find out whether the personality trait sensation seeking differs between skiers, snowboarders and ski tourers. In a cross-sectional survey 1185 persons (726 alpine skiers, 321 snowboarders and 138 ski tourers comparable in age and sex) were electronically questioned with the sensation seeking scale (SSS-V) comprising the four factors thrill and adventure seeking, experiences seeking, disinhibition and boredom susceptibility. Kruskal-Wallis Tests revealed a significantly higher total score of the SSS-V for snowboarders in comparison to alpine skiers and ski tourers (H(2) = 41.5, p seeking" and "experience-seeking" than alpine skiers. Furthermore, snowboarders showed higher scores in "disinhibition" related to alpine skiers and ski tourers and "boredom susceptibility" compared to alpine skiers. Data show differences in the personality trait sensation seeking in people practising different winter sports. As snowboarders showed higher SS-scores compared to alpine skiers and ski tourers prevention and information programs might benefit from a selective approach focusing on special characteristics of the respective group. Key pointsIt is the very first research trying to identify differences between different types of winter sport slope usersObtained results show higher sensation seeking scores in snowboardersThese results might stimulate new approaches in educational campaigns to reduce accident rates in winter sports. PMID:26957921

  20. ASSOCIATION BETWEEN EMOTIONAL VARIABLES AND SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Randler

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Recent psychological studies highlight emotional aspects, and they show an important role within individual learning processes. Hereby, positive emotions were supposed to positively influence learning and achievement processes and negative ones do the contrary. In this study, an educational unit “ecosystem lake” was used during which achievement (three tests and emotional variables (interest, well-being, anxiety and boredom; measured at the end of three pre-selected lessons were monitored. The research question was to explore correlations between emotional variables and the learning outcome of the teaching unit. Prior knowledge was regressed against the subsequent tests to account for its confounding effect. Regressions showed a highly significant influence of prior knowledge on the subsequent measurements of achievement. However, after accounting for prior knowledge, a positive correlation between interest/well-being and achievement and a negative correlation between anxiety/boredom and achievement was found. Further research and interventions should try to enhance positive emotions in biology lessons to positively influence achievement.

  1. Analysing latent constructs via a derived metric paired comparison approach: An application to students’ emotions in mathematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Grand

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article we suggest an approach for the analysis of sets of items using the method of paired comparisons. We applied the proposed approach to a students’ survey of emotions typically experienced while learning mathematics by focusing on the relative dominance of these emotions. The emotions of interest were: enjoyment, pride, anger, anxiety, boredom and shame which were each measured by a set of items and for which we want to obtain an ordering on a continuum. In a first step we evaluated the quality of items by using a method of non-parametric Rasch model tests. The item sets of the emotions enjoyment, anxiety and boredom met the properties of a Rasch model. As a result of fitting Rasch models, we obtained person “emotion” parameter estimates. We then derived for each individual metric paired comparison responses from the obtained person parameter estimates and directly modelled these derived relative responses by fitting a beta regression model. This model is similar to generalized linear models (GLMs. The proposed model accounts for bounded metric paired comparison data in (0,1 where subject covariates and object-specific covariates can also be incorporated. We found that there is a tendency, the higher the positive discrepancy between the self concept of maths ability and the averaged perceived maths ability of students the more enjoyment and the less anxiety is typically experienced while learning mathematics.

  2. Great expectations. Eating expectancies as mediators of reinforcement sensitivity and eating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennegan, Julie M; Loxton, Natalie J; Mattar, Ameerah

    2013-12-01

    Eating expectancies are proposed as cognitive pathways linking reinforcement (reward and punishment) sensitivities and the tendency to over-eat in response to appetitive and emotional cues. In Study One (N=243 university women) explicit eating expectancies were tested as potential mediators of reinforcement sensitivities and eating styles. Broadly, expectancies that eating alleviates negative affect/boredom mediated both reward and punishment sensitivity and emotional eating. The expectancy that eating is pleasurable and rewarding mediated reward sensitivity and external eating. In Study Two (N=109), using an implicit eating expectancy task, reward sensitivity and external eating was mediated via positive expectancy statements, notably, that eating is pleasurable and rewarding. Reward sensitivity and emotional eating was mediated specifically by expectancies that eating manages boredom. Punishment sensitivity was not associated with any implicit expectancies. Findings support the role of expectancies as cognitive mediators in the relationship between reinforcement sensitivities and emotionally-driven versus externally-driven eating styles. However, the largely appetitive implicit expectancies task only supported an association with reward sensitivity.

  3. Workout at work: laboratory test of psychological and performance outcomes of active workstations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sliter, Michael; Yuan, Zhenyu

    2015-04-01

    With growing concerns over the obesity epidemic in the United States and other developed countries, many organizations have taken steps to incorporate healthy workplace practices. However, most workers are still sedentary throughout the day--a major contributor to individual weight gain. The current study sought to gather preliminary evidence of the efficacy of active workstations, which are a possible intervention that could increase employees' physical activity while they are working. We conducted an experimental study, in which boredom, task satisfaction, stress, arousal, and performance were evaluated and compared across 4 randomly assigned conditions: seated workstation, standing workstation, cycling workstation, and walking workstation. Additionally, body mass index (BMI) and exercise habits were examined as moderators to determine whether differences in these variables would relate to increased benefits in active conditions. The results (n = 180) showed general support for the benefits of walking workstations, whereby participants in the walking condition had higher satisfaction and arousal and experienced less boredom and stress than those in the passive conditions. Cycling workstations, on the other hand, tended to relate to reduced satisfaction and performance when compared with other conditions. The moderators did not impact these relationships, indicating that walking workstations might have psychological benefits to individuals, regardless of BMI and exercise habits. The results of this study are a preliminary step in understanding the work implications of active workstations. PMID:25347682

  4. Positive experiences in physical education through teacher intervention in the teaching unit futsal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Abós Catalán

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The interpersonal style used by the teacher of Physical Education (PE in their classes can trigger consequences for students inside and outside the classroom. Grounded in self-determination theory and achievement goal theory, the aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between motivational climate and support of the basic psychological needs (BPN generated by the PE teacher in the teaching unit (TU of futsal, with consequences of enjoyment and boredom, as well as the predisposition toward EF experienced by students. The sample was composed of 70 students (32 men and 38 women year 4th of compulsory Secondary Education, aged 15 to 17 years (M age = 15.31, SD = 0.49. The variables measured at the end of the TU were: motivational climate (EPCM, support of the BPN (CANPB and affective consequences (SSI the content of futsal and the predisposition towards PE (PEPS. The results of correlation analysis showed that the task climate and support of the BPN in the TU futsal, correlated positively and significantly with enjoyment and some predisposing factors toward PE, while doing it in reverse with boredom. Therefore, given the relationship between what happens in the classroom and outside it, seems necessary that teachers of PE generates a task climate and support of the BPN in each of curricular content, to students adopt life-styles more active and healthy. 

  5. Differences in Sensation Seeking Between Alpine Skiers, Snowboarders and Ski Tourers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Kopp, Mirjam Wolf, Gerhard Ruedl, Martin Burtscher

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Despite different injury rates and injury patterns previous personality related research in the field of downhill winter sports did not subdivide between different alpine slope users. In this study, we tried to find out whether the personality trait sensation seeking differs between skiers, snowboarders and ski tourers. In a cross-sectional survey 1185 persons (726 alpine skiers, 321 snowboarders and 138 ski tourers comparable in age and sex were electronically questioned with the sensation seeking scale (SSS-V comprising the four factors thrill and adventure seeking, experiences seeking, disinhibition and boredom susceptibility. Kruskal-Wallis Tests revealed a significantly higher total score of the SSS-V for snowboarders in comparison to alpine skiers and ski tourers (H(2 = 41.5, p < 0.001. Ski tourers and snowboarders scored significantly higher in the dimensions “thrill- and adventure-seeking” and “experience-seeking” than alpine skiers. Furthermore, snowboarders showed higher scores in “disinhibition” related to alpine skiers and ski tourers and “boredom susceptibility” compared to alpine skiers. Data show differences in the personality trait sensation seeking in people practising different winter sports. As snowboarders showed higher SS-scores compared to alpine skiers and ski tourers prevention and information programs might benefit from a selective approach focusing on special characteristics of the respective group.

  6. Students' Achievement Goals, Learning-Related Emotions and Academic Achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko eLüftenegger

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In the present research, the recently proposed 3x2 model of achievement goals is tested and associations with achievement emotions and their joint influence on academic achievement are investigated. The study was conducted with 388 students using the 3x2 Achievement Goal Questionnaire including the six proposed goal constructs (task-approach, task-avoidance, self-approach, self-avoidance, other-approach, other-avoidance and the enjoyment and boredom scales from the Achievement Emotion Questionnaire. Exam grades were used as an indicator of academic achievement. Findings from CFAs provided strong support for the proposed structure of the 3x2 achievement goal model. Self-based goals, other-based goals and task-approach goals predicted enjoyment. Task-approach goals negatively predicted boredom. Task-approach and other-approach predicted achievement. The indirect effects of achievement goals through emotion variables on achievement were assessed using bias-corrected bootstrapping. No mediation effects were found. Implications for educational practice are discussed.

  7. College students' self-reported reasons for why drinking games end.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Thomas J

    2002-01-01

    Previous research has noted that drinking game participation is associated with increased risk of negative alcohol-related consequences. The current study examined the reasons that students give for how drinking games end and/or why students elect to quit playing. Both men and women identified other people quitting and deciding that they have had enough to drink as the most important single item reasons for quitting play. Principal components analysis using a list of 20 reasons identified six factors, four of which contained overlapping items: Conformity/Boredom; Interpersonal Competition; Sexual Contact; Excessive Consumption; Interpersonal Conflict; and External Circumstances. The factors correlated in a theoretically meaningful fashion with measures of alcohol consumption and consequences and personality. Conformity/Boredom reasons and External Circumstances reasons were least associated with negative alcohol-related consequences. Many students apparently play until they get too drunk or too sick to continue. Understanding how games end may offer clues to designing skills training or other prevention interventions to reduce harm associated with drinking games. PMID:11800221

  8. Argiilma poeetika ja pidulik elu. The poetics of the everyday and festive life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Epp Annus

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates ways of writing about the everyday in contemporary life. It starts by posing the question of why literature thrives especially on violence and extraordinary events. If literature strives to speak to us through our experience of being in the world, and aims to help us understand our common human experience, should it not rather avoid the extraordinary? Without a doubt, a topic needs to captivate its writer no less than its reader--otherwise the writing and the reading would not take place at all. For perfectly understandable reasons, whenever literature proposes to face death, this implies that the given text is something to be taken seriously; it signifies that here one is dealing with existential matters, not just with the myriad small nothingnesses of the everyday. However, the present article analyzes a different way of intensifying the quotidian: turning the everyday into an experience of beauty. A writer can find moments of special importance from within the everyday, relieving the reader from the boredom of „nothing happens” by other means than through an encounter with death and the extraordinary. Through a close reading of several Estonian novels („Indigo” by Peeter Sauter and „Tõde ja õigus” by Anton Hansen Tammsaare, the article suggests that, instead of underlining the burdensome boredom of the everyday, literature has the potential, through the power of its imagery, to aestheticize the everyday, even against the conscious will of the writer. If the routine of the everyday involves the automatization of life and a loss of the intense feeling of being in the world, Heidegger reminds us that the work of art opens up being in the world as a whole – and art does so precisely by relying on the everyday, not on moments of extraordinary significance. Thus, art would imply the disappearance of the everyday as a locus of boredom, unfullfilment, obligation and repetition, and the replacement of the

  9. Towards a Brain-Sensitive Intelligent Tutoring System: Detecting Emotions from Brainwaves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Heraz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes and evaluates a multiagents system called NORA that predicts emotional attributes from learners' brainwaves within an intelligent tutoring system. The measurements from the electrical brain activity of the learner are combined with information about the learner's emotional attributes. Electroencephalogram was used to measure brainwaves and self-reports to measure the three emotional dimensions: pleasure, arousal, and dominance, the eight emotions occurring during learning: anger, boredom, confusion, contempt curious, disgust, eureka, and frustration, and the emotional valence positive for learning and negative for learning. The system is evaluated on natural data, and it achieves an accuracy of over 63%, significantly outperforming classification using the individual modalities and several other combination schemes.

  10. Reliability and validity of the Marijuana Motives Measure among young adult frequent cannabis users and associations with cannabis dependence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benschop, Annemieke; Liebregts, Nienke; van der Pol, Peggy; Schaap, Rick; Buisman, Renate; van Laar, Margriet; van den Brink, Wim; de Graaf, Ron; Korf, Dirk J

    2015-01-01

    The Marijuana Motives Measure (MMM) has so far been examined mainly in student populations, often with relatively limited involvement in cannabis use. This study evaluated the factor structure of the MMM in a demographically mixed sample of 600 young adult (18-30 years) frequent (≥ 3 days per week) cannabis users in the Netherlands. Analysis confirmed a five-factor solution, denoting coping, enhancement, social, conformity and expansion motives. Additionally, the original MMM was extended with two items (boredom and habit), which formed a distinct, internally consistent sixth factor labelled routine motives. In a multivariable logistic regression analysis, coping and routine motives showed significant associations with 12-month DSM-IV cannabis dependence. The results suggest general reliability and validity of the MMM in a heterogeneous population of experienced cannabis users.

  11. ANALYSIS OF SPEECH UNDER STRESS USING LINEAR TECHNIQUES AND NON-LINEAR TECHNIQUES FOR EMOTION RECOGNITION SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Khulageand

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of speech for recognition of stress is important for identification of emotional state of person. This can be done using ‘Linear Techniques’, which has different parameters like pitch, vocal tract spectrum, formant frequencies, Duration, MFCC etc. which are used for extraction of features from speech. TEO-CB-Auto-Env is the method which is non-linear method of features extraction. Analysis is done using TU-Berlin (Technical University of Berlin German database. Here emotion recognition is done for different emotions like neutral, happy, disgust, sad, boredom and anger. Emotion recognition is used in lie detector, database access systems, and in military for recognition of soldiers’ emotion identification during the war.

  12. Examination of causes behind procrastination among Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences employees and proposing some strategies for their preventing: A study using the Van Wyk's Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Khaksar Boldaji

    2015-07-01

    Results: The results of the study showed that there was a statistically significant relationship between employee's resistance, boredom, perfectionism and lack of motivation for task and procrastination (p=0.001; however, the association between fear of failure, rebelliousness and disorganization and procrastination was not statistically significant (p=0.871. Conclusions: The availability of high quality organizational capital will enhance the chance of organization's success, survival and advancement. As a result, identifying the attributes of human resources and the factors influencing their efficiency so as to exploit the human capital more optimally and remove the reasons of procrastination is of high significance. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(7.000: 1657-1661

  13. 'To Boldly Go...' Building a Virtual Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    vandeVen, Ryan W.; Meurders, Mary F. E.

    2008-01-01

    The concept of a Exploration-Based Learning Environment has recently been introduced into the argument that technology can put students back into the field of real learning. IPN has set foot there, where no school has gone before, by actually building a Virtual Classroom.This paper is about our first step towards the Virtual Classroom: Experience-Based Learning by simulations. A field study on the processes involved when going from a regular educational setting to using simulations as part of the educational was done. We discuss eventual pitfalls and the role changes in education for both teacher and pupil, the importance of understanding the psychological process that the pupil goes through and the consequences this has for the guiding staff. Changes are not only necessary to keep up with the change but also to break through the vicious circle of what we call the trend of "Spectacle and Boredom" in education.

  14. An ecological approach to learning with technology: responding to tensions within the "wow-effect" phenomenon in teaching practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herro, Danielle

    2016-02-01

    This review explores Anne Kamstrupp's "The Wow-effect in Science Teacher Education" by examining her theorized "wow-effect" as a teaching enactment that may serve to engage students, but often fails to provide deep understanding of science content. My response extends her perspective of socio-materiality as means to understand the "wow-effect" by suggesting social constructivism provides a more accurate lens to disentangle the phenomenon. I react to her position that tension fields within the phenomenon include the relationship between new and old technologies, boredom and engagement, and active and sedentary learning. In this conversation, I point to a new way of conceptualizing using digital media in the classroom as ecology of learning that may serve to decrease problems associated with the "wow-effect".

  15. Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, David W

    2007-01-01

    Motivation is short-term focused energy. The oldest theories of motivation explain motivated activity as effort to overcome primary deficiencies, such as hunger or boredom. Such theories are difficult to apply because individuals learn idiosyncratic secondary motives as alternative ways of responding to these needs. Three prominent needs theories are discussed: Herzberg's theory of hygiene and motivational factors; McClelland's needs for achievement, power, and affiliation; and Maslow's hierarchy and theory of self-actualization. A second approach to motivation holds that individuals may be thought of as engaging in rational processes to maximize their self-interests. The presented examples of this approach include Vroom's expectancy theory, Adam's theory of inequality, and the Porter-Lawler model that addresses the question of whether satisfaction leads to high performance or vice versa. Finally, several theories of motivation as life orientation are developed.

  16. Environmental enrichment in farm, zoo, companion and experimental animals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vučinić Marijana

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with environmental enrichment for domestic animals at farms, animals in zoos, experimental animals and pet animals. Also, the paper defines and describes different strategies of environmental enrichment. Environmental enrichment is a simple and effective mean of prevention of boredom, behavioral disorders as well as an effective mean of improving animal welfare in farm, zoo, companion and experimental animals. Different items and materials may be used for environmental enrichment. They need to be evaluated for use by taking into account the following: the species of an animal, its needs, habits and capabilities, the type of an enrichment device, the device's ability to stimulate the animal's interest and the safety of the device. Enrichment programmes should always include two forms of enrichment: behavioral enrichment and environmental enrichment. Enrichment comes in many forms such as structural or physical enrichment, sensory enrichment (auditory and olfactory stimulation, dietary enrichment, manipulatable enrichment and social enrichment.

  17. Medical aspects of nuclear armament

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Janse, M.J.; Schene, A.; Koch, K.

    1983-06-18

    The authors highlight a few medical, biological and psycological aspects of the use of nuclear weapons, drawing attention to their viewpoint that doctors should actively participate in the fight against nuclear armament. The short and long-term radiation effects on man and ecology are presented based on the Hiroshima and Nagasaki experiences. The danger of human error within this framework is emphasised and it is suggested that it is the medical profession's duty to point out how the effect of stress and boredom can lead to a nuclear catastrophe. Medical expertise may also help in the identification of unstable personalities among those who have access to nuclear weapons and in the understanding of the psycology of international conflicts and the psychopathology of those leaders who would use nuclear war as an instrument of national policy. Finally the effects of the nuclear war threat on children and teenagers are considered.

  18. The Relationship between Customer Relationship Management( CRM and Performance In Makazy Province Gas Company.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ATEFEH HAMZELOO

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available CRM stands for customer relationship management, which sounds like a good thing. But what is it, exactly? Turns out it can mean different things to different businesses. Perhaps in no other industry are acronyms bandied about as in technology, especially business technology. CRM is one such widely-used acronym that stands for Customer Relationship Management. Mention CRM and many listeners' eyes will glaze over with boredom-but that's probably because they don't really understand what it is. Actually, CRM is a strategic business tool that helps companies streamline their business processes especially with sales and marketing and can increase revenue by attracting and retaining customers and shortening the time it takes to close a sales deal. If you're not interested in all of that, you're probably not that serious about your business.

  19. Cost effectiveness of ergonomic redesign of electronic motherboard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Rabindra Nath; Yeow, Paul H P

    2003-09-01

    A case study to illustrate the cost effectiveness of ergonomic redesign of electronic motherboard was presented. The factory was running at a loss due to the high costs of rejects and poor quality and productivity. Subjective assessments and direct observations were made on the factory. Investigation revealed that due to motherboard design errors, the machine had difficulty in placing integrated circuits onto the pads, the operators had much difficulty in manual soldering certain components and much unproductive manual cleaning (MC) was required. Consequently, there were high rejects and occupational health and safety (OHS) problems, such as, boredom and work discomfort. Also, much labour and machine costs were spent on repairs. The motherboard was redesigned to correct the design errors, to allow more components to be machine soldered and to reduce MC. This eliminated rejects, reduced repairs, saved US dollars 581495/year and improved operators' OHS. The customer also saved US dollars 142105/year on loss of business. PMID:12963331

  20. Resident-to-resident violence triggers in nursing homes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snellgrove, Susan; Beck, Cornelia; Green, Angela; McSweeney, Jean C

    2013-11-01

    Certified nurses' assistants (CNAs) employed by a rural nursing home in Northeast Arkansas described their perceptions of resident-to-resident violence in order to provide insight on factors, including unmet needs, that may trigger the phenomenon. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 11 CNAs. Data were analyzed using content analysis and constant comparison. Two categories of triggers emerged from the data-active and passive. Active triggers involved the actions of other residents that were intrusive in nature, such as wandering into a residents' personal space, taking a resident's belongings, and so forth. Passive triggers did not involve the actions of residents but related to the internal and external environment of the residents. Examples were factors such as boredom, competition for attention and communication difficulties. Results indicate that there are factors, including unmet needs within the nursing home environment that may be identified and altered to prevent violence between residents.

  1. Reliability and validity of the Marijuana Motives Measure among young adult frequent cannabis users and associations with cannabis dependence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benschop, Annemieke; Liebregts, Nienke; van der Pol, Peggy; Schaap, Rick; Buisman, Renate; van Laar, Margriet; van den Brink, Wim; de Graaf, Ron; Korf, Dirk J

    2015-01-01

    The Marijuana Motives Measure (MMM) has so far been examined mainly in student populations, often with relatively limited involvement in cannabis use. This study evaluated the factor structure of the MMM in a demographically mixed sample of 600 young adult (18-30 years) frequent (≥ 3 days per week) cannabis users in the Netherlands. Analysis confirmed a five-factor solution, denoting coping, enhancement, social, conformity and expansion motives. Additionally, the original MMM was extended with two items (boredom and habit), which formed a distinct, internally consistent sixth factor labelled routine motives. In a multivariable logistic regression analysis, coping and routine motives showed significant associations with 12-month DSM-IV cannabis dependence. The results suggest general reliability and validity of the MMM in a heterogeneous population of experienced cannabis users. PMID:25240105

  2. Learning Ultrasound-Guided Needle Insertion Skills through an Edutainment Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Wing-Yin; Ni, Dong; Pang, Wai-Man; Qin, Jing; Chui, Yim-Pan; Yu, Simon Chun-Ho; Heng, Pheng-Ann

    Ultrasound-guided needle insertion is essential in many of minimally invasive surgeries or procedures, such as biopsy, drug delivery, spinal anaesthesia, etc. Accurate and safe needle insertion is a difficult task due to the high requirement of hand-eye coordination skills. Many proposed virtual reality (VR) based training systems put their emphasis on realistic simulation instead of pedagogical efficiency. The lack of schematic training scenario leads to boredom of repetitive operations. To solve this, we present our novel training system with the integration of game elements in order to retain the trainees' enthusiasm. Task-oriented scenarios, time attack scenarios and performance evaluation are introduced. Besides, some state-of-art technologies are also presented, including ultrasound simulation, needle haptic rendering as well as a mass-spring-based needle-tissue interaction simulation. These works are shown to be effective to keep the trainees up with learning.

  3. “HOW DO YOU FEEL?”: EMOTIONS EXHIBITED WHILE PLAYING COMPUTER GAMES AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO GAMING BEHAVIORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rex P. Bringula

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This descriptive study utilized a validated questionnaire to determine the emotions exhibited by computer gamers in cyber cafés. We determined that gamers exhibited both positive and negative emotions while playing games. We observed that gamers were inclined to be more anxious about being defeated in a game as gaming became frequent and length of years spent playing games increased. They also had the tendency to become more stressed when length of years spent playing games increased. On the other hand, other gaming behaviors were not significantly related to other emotions. We concluded that not all emotions exhibited by gamers while playing computer games could be attributed to their gaming behaviors. We recommend that other emotions such as anger, frustration, boredom, amusement, etc. be included in future research.

  4. The wow-effect in science teacher education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamstrupp, Anne Katrine

    2016-02-01

    This article explores the wow-effect as a phenomenon in science teacher education. Through ethnographic fieldwork at a teachers' college in Denmark, the author encounters a phenomenon enacted in a particular way of teaching that wows the students. The students are in the process of becoming natural science/technology and biology teachers. This article explores and theorizes the wow-effect by examining tension fields within the phenomenon between boredom and engagement, new and old technologies, and being active and sedentary. By situating this phenomenon in a discussion of theory and practice in teacher education, the author discusses how teaching according to the wow-effect is both engaging for the students as well as problematic in relation to learning certain theoretical aspects of natural science/technology and biology.

  5. Early Adolescents and Substance Use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimondo Maria Pavarin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available 1300 students (54.3% girls 13–16 years old were interviewed in the urban area of Bologna during 2010. Random effect multiple logistic regression models were used. Results show a reciprocal relationship between alcohol use, tobacco, and cannabis. Most users were offered cannabis, began using at 14 years of age, and do not believe using is very dangerous. They live with only one parent, have more than 50 euros of spending money per month, and abuse alcohol, abuse that increases relative to the intensity of cigarette smoking. Legal/illegal dichotomy seems to overturn, where alcohol becomes a “drug” and the use of tobacco, similar to other drugs, is motivated as a solution to reduce anxiety, combat boredom, relax, and to ease loneliness.

  6. Psychopathology of excitatory and compulsive aspects of vandalistic graffiti.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pani, Roberto; Sagliaschi, Samanta

    2009-12-01

    In this paper were explored psychological themes underlying vandalistic graffiti by 162 Italian adolescents (154 boys, 8 girls; M age = 17.5 yr., SD = 2.3) who "felt hooked" on vandalistic graffiti and agreed to participate in an interview with a graffiti writer. Use of this interview could clarify the motivations which led these youths to write on walls, the meaning they give to that act, the emotions they feel as they write, and their perception of risks and excitement involved. Qualitative analysis of their responses suggested these adolescents present a marked excitatory-compulsive trait, report a sense of emptiness, boredom, loneliness, and a lack of internal points of reference, and adopt behaviors linked to a pressing need for immediate gratification. PMID:20229906

  7. Writers’ Paradoxes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林日

    2004-01-01

    The supreme triumph of reason is to cast doubt upon ixs own validity.--Miguel de Unamuno理智的最大胜利在于对其自身的正确性提出了怀疑。米格尔·德·乌纳穆诺(1864-1936,西班牙教育家,哲学家及作家)Boredom-the desire for desires. --Leo Tolstoy厌烦--寻求欲望的欲望。列·托尔斯泰(1828-1910,俄国作家,思想家)The only way to get rid of a temptation is to yield to it.--Oscar Wilde

  8. Team Organization Method Using Salary Auction Game for Sustainable Motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangkyun Kim

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In performing team-based projects in engineering class, students usually face many problems, such as free-riding, lack of responsibility, boredom, and insufficient initiative. This papers proposes a new method for performing team-based projects in engineering class—specifically, a gamified method for team organization using a salary auction game. On the description of the design and use of a salary auction game in engineering class, a case study conducted using a survey method is reported to validate the practical value of the proposed auction game. The salary auction game proposed in this paper demonstrates that a gamified team organization method in engineering class could be used as an effective tool to enhance motivation and to improve learning outcomes of engineering students.

  9. Entangled research(ers)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøgger, Katja; Staunæs, Dorthe

    This paper takes up the challenges of analyzing how empirical knowledge is created when the research(ers) are always already “thrown into the world” (Heidegger) and thereby affectively “intra-act” (Barad) with and ‘perform’ the empirical knowledge. ‘ ‘Thrownness’ is Heidegger’s way of expressing...... into the world and being situated and attuned to it in specific ways through interest, fear, boredom or something else. Combing concepts from philosophy as well as psychology, the material and the affective turn allow us to rethink and elaborate on well-known discussions on qualitative research, representation......, positioning and situatedness. Instead of being stuck with traditional dichotomies, this conceptual language teaches us to think in connectivity and the qualities of this connectivity as the basic premise....

  10. Fatigue after Stroke: The Patient's Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Louise Barbour

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Fatigue after stroke is common and distressing to patients. Aims. Our aims were to explore patients' perceptions of post-stroke fatigue, including the causes of fatigue and the factors that alleviate fatigue, in a mixed methods study. Results. We interviewed 15 patients who had had a stroke and were inpatients on stroke rehabilitation wards. A substantial proportion of patients reported that their fatigue started at the time of their stroke. Various different factors were reported to improve fatigue, including exercise, good sleep, rehabilitation and rest. Fatigue influences patients' sense of “control” after their stroke. Conclusion. Our results are consistent with the possibility that poststroke fatigue might be triggered by factors that occur at the time of the stroke (e.g., the stroke lesion itself, or admission to hospital and then exacerbated by poor sleep and boredom. These factors should be considered when developing complex interventions to improve post-stroke fatigue.

  11. The wow-effect in science teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamstrup, Anne Katrine

    2015-01-01

    science/technology and biology teachers. This article explores and theorizes the wow-effect by examining tension fields within the phenomenon between boredom and engagement, new and old technologies, and being active and sedentary. By situating this phenomenon in a discussion of theory and practice...... in teacher education, the author discusses how teaching according to the wow-effect is both engaging for the students as well as problematic in relation to learning certain theoretical aspects of natural science/technology and biology.......This article explores the wow-effect as a phenomenon in science teacher education. Through ethnographic fieldwork at a teachers’ college in Denmark, the author encounters a phenomenon enacted in a particular way of teaching that wows the students. The students are in the process of becoming natural...

  12. Affective Ludology, Flow and Immersion in a First- Person Shooter: Measurement of Player Experience

    CERN Document Server

    Nacke, Lennart E

    2010-01-01

    Gameplay research about experiential phenomena is a challenging undertaking, given the variety of experiences that gamers encounter when playing and which currently do not have a formal taxonomy, such as flow, immersion, boredom, and fun. These informal terms require a scientific explanation. Ludologists also acknowledge the need to understand cognition, emotion, and goal- oriented behavior of players from a psychological perspective by establishing rigorous methodologies. This paper builds upon and extends prior work in an area for which we would like to coin the term "affective ludology." The area is concerned with the affective measurement of player-game interaction. The experimental study reported here investigated different traits of gameplay experience using subjective (i.e., questionnaires) and objective (i.e., psychophysiological) measures. Participants played three Half-Life 2 game level design modifications while measures such as electromyography (EMG), electrodermal activity (EDA) were taken and qu...

  13. AN APPROACH TO IMPROVING THE TEACHING OF LISTENING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    With more and more importance being attached to communicative competence,both teachers andlearners have become aware of how essential listening as a language skill is for communication.However,traditional listening classroom seems to have failed to help learners become effectiveand successful listeners both in and out of the classroom.Many learners have associated listeningcourses with pain and boredom and often complain that they benefit little from listening lessons.That explains to some extent why many learners’ listening ability stagnates and remains at ele-mentary level although their other skills like reading,writing even speaking are advancing steadi-ly.This article aims to have a close look at the problems confronted by teachers in the traditionallistening classroom and,in the meantime,tries to give a brief introduction to an approach to im-proving the teaching of listening by incorporating pre-listening,while-listening and post-listeninginto an integrated listening class.

  14. “What Can Hume Teach Us about Film Evaluation?”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert R. Clewis

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article identifies three distinct temporal notions in Hume’s aesthetics: passing the test of time, repeated viewing of a work, and the personal aging of the critic. It applies these ideas to the evaluation and enjoyment of films. It characterizes positive, negative, and ambivalent film aging, which are associated with nostalgia, boredom, and comic amusement, respectively, and which bear on our enjoyment, not evaluation, of film. The paper discusses Allen’s Zelig, Antonioni’s La Notte, Cameron’s The Terminator, Lucas’s Star Wars, Scorsese’s Taxi Driver, Spielberg’s E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial, and Renoir’s La Règle du Jeu. 

  15. University Students’ Tendencies Toward and Reasons Behind Dropout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin ŞİMŞEK

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this research conducted to investigate university students’ tendencies toward and reasons behind dropout, it was found that university students had a high level of tendency towards dropout (45%. This indicated that one out of two students wanted to drop out of school at least once for a reason. As a result, their tendencies toward dropout was due to personal factors as well as those related to family, friends, and school. The personal factors affecting tendency toward dropout were gender, academic performance, school attendance, out-of-school work, boredom at school, and discipline penalty. According to the results, the factors related to school were faculty type, level of satisfaction with administrative and teaching staff as well as with social activities, level of difficulty in the department, and willingness to choose faculty. Furthermore, in this study, a positive relationship was found between dropout tendency and possession of close friends who dropped out of school.

  16. Why Monotonous Repetition is Unsatisfying

    CERN Document Server

    Salingaros, Nikos A

    2011-01-01

    Human beings prefer ordered complexity and not randomness in their environment, a result of our perceptual system evolving to interpret natural forms. We also recognize monotonously repeating forms as unnatural. Although widespread in today's built environment, such forms generate reactions ranging from boredom to unease. Christopher Alexander has introduced rules for generating forms adapted to natural geometries, which show structured variation with multiple symmetries in a hierarchy of scales. It turns out to be impossible to generate monotonously repeating forms by following those rules. As it is highly probable that traditional artifacts, buildings, and cities were created instinctively using a version of the same rules, this is the reason we never find monotonously repeating forms in traditional cultures.

  17. Teacher's feedback and student's preferences in an Advanced Writing Course: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Aliakbari

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper was intended to examine teacher's corrective feedback and student's preferences in an advanced writing course. The study was conducted using a questionnaire as the instrument and 15 MA TEFL students from Ilam state university in Iran as the participants. The students were asked to prioritize among a list of ten aspects of error correction and feedback. The findings made it clear that a high majority of the students chose to be corrected, commented, and guided on the issue of organization as their first priority. The results further specified that instructors should realize that advanced students do not like to be treated in the same way as the elementary and intermediate pupils do. Otherwise, it may result in students' discontent and boredom in educational setting. 

  18. Improved Frame Level Features and SVM Supervectors Approach for The Recogniton of Emotional States from Speech: Application to Categorical and Dimensional States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imen Trabelsi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of speech emotion recognition system is to classify speaker's utterances into different emotional states such as disgust, boredom, sadness, neutral and happiness. Speech features that are commonly used in speech emotion recognition (SER rely on global utterance level prosodic features. In our work, we evaluate the impact of frame-level feature extraction. The speech samples are from Berlin emotional database and the features extracted from these utterances are energy, different variant of mel frequency cepstrum coefficients (MFCC, velocity and acceleration features. The idea is to explore the successful approach in the literature of speaker recognition GMM-UBM to handle with emotion identification tasks. In addition, we propose a classification scheme for the labeling of emotions on a continuous dimensional-based approach.

  19. Theses on Distributed Aesthetics. Or, What a Network is Not

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geert Lovink

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In this essay Lovink and Munster set forward a number of proposals for a distributed aesthetics. If new media artistic practice and aesthetic experience were most often characterised by recourse to computational culture, then distributed aesthetics is dominated by networks. Networked media and technologies help to disperse experience so that we never seem to be having our experiences in the one place anymore. However, the authors suggest, most of the images and rhetoric attempting to characterise this distributed experience are drawn from the cartographic traditions of geographic information systems and/or conceptions of biological networking and growth. These do not assist in coming to terms with the specifically social aspects of online networking. The authors speculate that a distributed aesthetics must take into account the collective and personal 'aesthesia' of online networks - the experience of labouring towards new forms of social collectivity that produces not only euphoria but also boredom and frustration.

  20. POLISH EMOTIONAL SPEECH RECOGNITION USING ARTIFICAL NEURAL NETWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Powroźnik

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the issue of emotion recognition based on polish emotional speech analysis. The Polish database of emotional speech, prepared and shared by the Medical Electronics Division of the Lodz University of Technology, has been used for research. The following parameters extracted from sampled and normalised speech signal has been used for the analysis: energy of signal, speaker’s sex, average value of speech signal and both the minimum and maximum sample value for a given signal. As an emotional state a classifier fof our layers of artificial neural network has been used. The achieved results reach 50% of accuracy. Conducted researches focused on six emotional states: a neutral state, sadness, joy, anger, fear and boredom.

  1. 激发学习兴趣提高课堂效率%Stimulate Learning Interest,Improve the Classroom Efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宝花

    2015-01-01

    Plant physiology is an important specialized basic course.Physiological metabolism mechanism of plant is intricate and complicated.It is boredom and difficult to remember.So stimulating the students’interest and motivating the desire to learn are important mediums to improve quality of teaching.%植物生理学是一门重要的专业基础课,植物生理代谢机理错综复杂,枯燥且难记,因而激发学生的学习兴趣,调动他们的学习主动性成为学好植物生理学及提高教学质量的重要手段。

  2. Analysis of the Feasibility of Archive as Teaching Resources of Students' Extracurricular Practice%试析档案作为学生课外实践教学资源的可行性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张维和

    2011-01-01

    档案资源是学生课外实践教学资源的重要组成部分,将档案资源与学生课外实践活动内容有效地结合起来,既可以使学生摆脱日常学习的枯燥,又可以让学生真正地参加到学习实践活动中来,使档案资源在学生课外实践教学活动中发挥教育的功能。%Archive resource is an important part of students' extracurricular practical teaching resources.The effective combination of them can help students get rid of the boredom of learning and make the students really join in the learning activities.Meanwhile,the educational function of archive resource is achieved in students' extracurricular practical activities.

  3. 浅淡化学课堂教学的激活%Talking on the Teaching Activation of Chemistry Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    匡煜华

    2015-01-01

    为了使得化学课堂的教学变得不再死板和沉闷,采用了“课堂引入”的方法,从而消除了化学基本概念与理论的抽象性和枯燥性,提高了学生在化学课堂的学习兴趣,最终取得了较好的课堂教学效果。%The method of“lead-in”is used in the class in order to make the chemistry teaching more lively and interesting;thus it can eliminate the abstractness and boredom of chemistry when the students are learning the basic concept and theory of chemistry. It can also increase the students’interest of chemistry learning, and finally teachers can get a better teaching effect.

  4. Offene Kapitel beim Umgang mit NS-Kunst in Museum, Ausstellung und Forschung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Ernst Mittig

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Research on, and presentation of, Nazi art raises specific questions: First, how to present it, who will be its audience and what will be the significance of its research and presentation both within and outside the scientific community? Second, why do further research on Nazi art at all, and to what extent will the proclaimed purposes stay valid? And, third, what research desiderata does the ever increasing knowledge on the material in question reveal? In the present article, open questions in dealing with Nazi art are discussed with regard to selected exhibitions and works. Moreover, the article aims to show that a fresh look at the works and their subjects – here explored with regard to the issue of boredom – may open up new and fruitful perspectives and approaches.

  5. Admission to a psychiatric unit and changes in tobacco smoking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Owens David

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Smoking and withdrawal from smoking complicates the assessment and treatment of mental illness. We aimed to establish whether psychiatric inpatients smoke different amounts after admission than beforehand and, if so, to find out why. Forty-three inpatients on a working age adult psychiatry ward completed self-report questionnaires about smoking habits. Those who smoked a different amount after admission had a follow-up interview to find out why they thought this had occurred. The interview incorporated qualitative and quantitative aspects which were analysed accordingly. Fifty-six percent of participants were smokers before admission, rising to 70% afterwards. Of the smokers, 17% smoked less after admission, and 63% smoked more. The average number of cigarettes smoked per person per day increased from five to thirteen. The main reasons for smoking more were boredom, stress and the wish to socialise.

  6. Effects of Exergame Play on EF in Children and Adolescents at a Summer Camp for Low Income Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Rachel M; Richert, Rebekah A; Staiano, Amanda E; Wartella, Ellen; Calvert, Sandra L

    2014-01-01

    Past research has suggested exergame play improves adolescents' executive function (EF) skills. EF change in 70 African American and Hispanic/Latino 10- to 16-year-olds participating in an inner-city summer camp was assessed following five 30-minute exergame play sessions. Children's EF scores improved from pre- to posttest, and factors related to this change were examined. The number of exergame sessions the participants attended predicted posttest scores. In addition, level of achievement during game play was related to EF scores. Finally, the children's level of enjoyment was not related to EF; however, frustration and boredom during game play were negatively related to EF. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for the relationship between exergame play and cognitive benefits for adolescent players. PMID:25328562

  7. Is the experience of meaningful activities understood in nursing homes? A qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palacios-Ceña, Domingo; Gómez-Calero, Cristina; Cachón-Pérez, José Miguel; Velarde-García, Juan Francisco; Martínez-Piedrola, Rosa; Pérez-De-Heredia, Marta

    2016-01-01

    Lack of occupation can lead to boredom, apathy, social exclusion and solitude. Occupation should incorporate meaningful activities. The aim of this study is to describe how Spanish Nursing Home residents experienced and made sense of meaningful activities. A qualitative phenomenological approach was followed. Data were collected over an 18-month period between 2012 and 2014. Purposeful sampling was conducted with Spanish residents in nursing homes in Madrid. Data were collected using unstructured and semi-structured interviews. The data were analyzed using the Giorgi proposal. Thirty-eight residents (20 female and 18 male) participated. Three main themes describing the significance of meaningful activity in nursing homes emerged from the data: Feeling the passage of time, Seeking an occupation, and Living with restrictions. Nursing homes should strive to develop diverse and meaningful activity programs for residents in order to occupy their time and provide them with a greater sense of purpose. PMID:26626463

  8. Contributions to an interpretation of the structure of Dasein according to its bidimensional character

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Basso Monteverde

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available From a reading of Sein und Zeit and contemporary courses, we are interested in examining the transcendental structure of Dasein to explain what we understand as its bidimensional character. For this, we analyze the function of the mood in the dynamics of the structure through the anxiety (Angst and profound boredom (tiefe Langeweile. We emphasize the affective disposition as an existential starting point and condition of possibility for  two  pathways,  since  in  relation  to  being  we  observed  tension  between two dimensions that are oscillated Dasein towards one concealment and one unconcealed motion of what happens. With this interpretation we intend to show that the tensive dynamics of the bidimensional structure of Dasein proposed here is the effect of the original givenness of being.

  9. Borderline personality disorder: study in adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, A; Berelowitz, M; Vereker, M

    1996-04-01

    The study of the presentation, symptomatology and family characteristics of an exclusively adolescent sample of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) was undertaken. Twenty-four cases of borderline personality disorder, 20 females, 4 males, identified using chart review and meeting the criteria of the Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB) and DSM III-R, were matched with psychiatric controls. Adolescents with borderline personality disorder were found to have high rates of affective symptomatology with Axis I diagnosis of major depressive disorder MDD (DSM-III-R), and high rates of interpersonal psychopathology, i.e., manipulation, devaluation, and a pervasive sense of boredom. The latter seem to be characteristic as for adults with borderline personality disorder. The families were particularly angry and volatile. PMID:9117533

  10. Compulsive "helpfulness": or, how I learned to stop working so hard and love the group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammons, Mark T

    2012-07-01

    Compulsive helpfulness, an anxiety-laden need by the therapist to feel helpful, akin to the notion of rescuing others, is a potential pitfall in developing an effective psychotherapy group. It can be regarded variously: (1) as a reaction formation against feelings of boredom and frustration stimulated by such phenomena as group resistance or the enactment of inauthentic relationships in the group; (2) as a therapist style driven by a transferential reaction to be regarded as competent and worthy; (3) as an induced countertransference enactment tied to group members' frustration and passivity about their own interpersonal inadequacies; (4) and as a manic defense against despair over the feeling that one's loving has not done any good. In this essay, the author explores his struggle to identify and come to terms with compulsive helpfulness as a dominant theme in the early stages of his tenure as leader of a psychotherapy group. PMID:22676782

  11. Telephone call-in services for children in self-care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, R L; Fosarelli, P D

    1987-09-01

    An estimated 8 to 10 million American children younger than 18 years of age are in self-care before or after school. Telephone call-in services to provide adult contact for these children when telephone contact with their parents is impossible or not feasible have been developed in more than 100 cities throughout the country. This study describes 2082 calls received by Tucson's KIDLINE and 2208 calls received by Baltimore's KIDSLINE. The mean age of the callers was 9.7 years, with twice as many girls as boys calling. Loneliness or boredom accounted for 68% of the calls, with fewer calls for help with homework (8%), interpersonal problems (6%), medical problems (3%), and fears (2%). Medical calls were mostly for minor infectious illness; there were no calls for life-threatening emergencies. We discuss the possible implications for pediatric practice. PMID:3618572

  12. Assessing psychopathic attributes in a noninstitutionalized population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levenson, M R; Kiehl, K A; Fitzpatrick, C M

    1995-01-01

    The present study examined antisocial dispositions in 487 university students. Primary and secondary psychopathy scales were developed to assess a protopsychopathic interpersonal philosophy. An antisocial action scale also was developed for purposes of validation. The primary, secondary, and antisocial action scales were correlated with each other and with boredom susceptibility and disinhibition but not with experience seeking and thrill and adventure seeking. Secondary psychopathy was associated with trait anxiety. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the strongest predictors of antisocial action were disinhibition, primary psychopathy, secondary psychopathy, and sex, whereas thrill and adventure seeking was a negative predictor. This argues against a singular behavioral inhibition system mediating both antisocial and risk-taking behavior. These findings are also consistent with the view that psychopathy is a continuous dimension. PMID:7861311

  13. Curiosity and stimulation seeking across the adult life span: cross-sectional and 6- to 8-year longitudinal findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giambra, L M; Camp, C J; Grodsky, A

    1992-03-01

    Giambra (1977-1978, 1979-1980) found that 2 scales of the Imaginal Processes Inventory measuring curiosity (i.e., information seeking) did not change across the adult life span, but 2 measuring stimulation seeking (i.e., boredom) for external stimulation need significantly decreased with age. In this study, these outcomes were replicated (1,356 men and 1,080 women 17 to 92 years old). In addition, a 6- to 8-year longitudinal repeat was obtained on 222 men and 124 women. Significant longitudinal declines were obtained for the stimulation-seeking measures. Furthermore, women showed an increase in impersonal-mechanical curiosity and a decline in interpersonal curiosity, though the amount of change was modest. Men were unchanged on both curiosity measures. Gender differences in longitudinal changes apparently reflected effects of socialization as well as tendencies toward displaying increased androgyny with advancing age. PMID:1558700

  14. Aging, alcoholism, anxiety, and sensation seeking: an exploratory investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilpatrick, D G; McAlhany, D A; McCurdy, R L; Shaw, D L; Roitzsch, J C

    1982-01-01

    Aging alcoholic (n = 36) and aging nonalcoholic (n = 35) male veterans were compared on biographic/demographic variables and psychological characteristics. Results indicated that aging alcoholics and nonalcoholics were married at approximately the same ages, married roughly the same number of times, and produced similar numbers of offspring, but aging alcoholics were better educated and had fewer persons economically dependent on them. They had higher scores than aging nonalcoholics on objective measures of state anxiety, trait anxiety, overall fears, tissue damage fears, social-interpersonal fears, miscellaneous fears, and failure/loss of self-esteem fears. Aging alcoholics also had higher scores on the sensation-seeking variable of boredom susceptibility and disinhibition, suggesting the existence of a relationship between need for sensory stimulation and maladaptive drinking among aging alcoholics. PMID:7080893

  15. Perspectives of best Practices for Learning Gender-Inclusive Science: Influences of Extracurricular Science for Gifted Girls and Electrical Engineering for Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Shaunda L.

    Gifted girls in elementary school must follow the set curriculum, but their choices of extracurricular activities may indicate future subject preferences. This study attempted to explore the perceptions of gifted girls regarding how the family, home, and school environments influenced their choices to take extracurricular science classes. A mixed methodology was adopted: qualitative, to understand the girls' perceptions of influence, and quantitative, to measure their attitudes toward science. Influential factors identified in this study highlight fun as occurring with the highest frequency and four emergent factors: doubt, traditional sex roles, boredom, and group work. In addition, findings from a focused case study of a graduate electrical engineer are interwoven with the girls' perspectives of science. The varying ages and experiences with science of the participants provide interesting views. This study adds knowledge to the field of science education, specifically on withingender differences of gifted girls and women in engineering.

  16. Internet sociology: Impact of Facebook addiction on the lifestyle and other recreational activities of the Indian youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Modi Y.A.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: In March 2013 Facebook announced it had around 1.1 billion monthly active users, this number has been growing exponentially from 40% in 2011 and it is estimated to pass 70% mark in 2013. Most of these users being young, the impact of Facebook addiction can clearly be expected to alter their lifestyle. Objectives: •To examine the impact Facebook addiction (IV on the recreational activities (DV. •To identify the effects of Facebook addiction on the well-being of the Indian youth. Methods: Empirical research using descriptive analysis was conducted on more than 100 college students. Findings: Greater percentage of the population is at threat to get addicted or is already addicted to Facebook. Activities affected due to Facebook usage were identified and categorized. Anger, frustration, boredom and sadness were the possible variables reported by respondent incase of forceful reduction of Facebook usage.

  17. Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, David W

    2007-01-01

    Motivation is short-term focused energy. The oldest theories of motivation explain motivated activity as effort to overcome primary deficiencies, such as hunger or boredom. Such theories are difficult to apply because individuals learn idiosyncratic secondary motives as alternative ways of responding to these needs. Three prominent needs theories are discussed: Herzberg's theory of hygiene and motivational factors; McClelland's needs for achievement, power, and affiliation; and Maslow's hierarchy and theory of self-actualization. A second approach to motivation holds that individuals may be thought of as engaging in rational processes to maximize their self-interests. The presented examples of this approach include Vroom's expectancy theory, Adam's theory of inequality, and the Porter-Lawler model that addresses the question of whether satisfaction leads to high performance or vice versa. Finally, several theories of motivation as life orientation are developed. PMID:18232579

  18. Medical aspects of nuclear armament

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors highlight a few medical, biological and psycological aspects of the use of nuclear weapons, drawing attention to their viewpoint that doctors should actively participate in the fight against nuclear armament. The short and long-term radiation effects on man and ecology are presented based on the Hiroshima and Nagasaki experiences. The danger of human error within this framework is emphasised and it is suggested that it is the medical profession's duty to point out how the effect of stress and boredom can lead to a nuclear catastrophe. Medical expertise may also help in the identification of unstable personalities among those who have access to nuclear weapons and in the understanding of the psycology of international conflicts and the psychopathology of those leaders who would use nuclear war as an instrument of national policy. Finally the effects of the nuclear war threat on children and teenagers are considered. (C.F.)

  19. Neurologic Complications of Psychomotor Stimulant Abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez-Ramos, Juan

    2015-01-01

    Psychomotor stimulants are drugs that act on the central nervous system (CNS) to increase alertness, elevate mood, and produce a sense of well-being. These drugs also decrease appetite and the need for sleep. Stimulants can enhance stamina and improve performance in tasks that have been impaired by fatigue or boredom. Approved therapeutic applications of stimulants include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity. These agents also possess potent reinforcing properties that can result in excessive self-administration and abuse. Chronic use is associated with adverse effects including psychosis, seizures, and cerebrovascular accidents, though these complications usually occur in individuals with preexisting risk factors. This chapter reviews the adverse neurologic consequences of chronic psychomotor stimulant use and abuse, with a focus on two prototypical stimulants methamphetamine and cocaine. PMID:26070756

  20. Fahr syndrome unknown complication: overactive bladder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuglu, Devrim; Yuvanç, Ercan; Bal, Fatih; Türkel, Yakup; Dağ, Ersel; Yılmaz, Erdal; Batislam, Ertan

    2014-01-01

    A 38-year-old male patient was admitted to our outpatient department because of frequency and urgency incontinence. During evaluation it was detected that the patient was suffering from frequency which was progressive for one year, feeling of incontinence, and urgency incontinence. There was no urologic pathology detected in patient's medical and family history. Neurologic consultation was requested due to his history of boredom, reluctance to do business, balance disorders, and recession for about 3 years. Brain computerized tomography (CT) scan revealed that amorphous calcifications were detected in the bilaterally centrum semiovale, basal ganglia, capsula interna, thalami, mesencephalon, pons and bulbus, and the bilateral cerebellar hemispheres. We have detected spontaneous neurogenic detrusor overactivity without sphincter dyssynergia after evaluating the voiding diary, cystometry, and pressure flow study. We consider the detrusor overactivity which occurred one year after the start of the neurological symptoms as the suprapontine inhibition and damage in the axonal pathways in the Fahr syndrome.

  1. Fahr Syndrome Unknown Complication: Overactive Bladder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devrim Tuglu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A 38-year-old male patient was admitted to our outpatient department because of frequency and urgency incontinence. During evaluation it was detected that the patient was suffering from frequency which was progressive for one year, feeling of incontinence, and urgency incontinence. There was no urologic pathology detected in patient’s medical and family history. Neurologic consultation was requested due to his history of boredom, reluctance to do business, balance disorders, and recession for about 3 years. Brain computerized tomography (CT scan revealed that amorphous calcifications were detected in the bilaterally centrum semiovale, basal ganglia, capsula interna, thalami, mesencephalon, pons and bulbus, and the bilateral cerebellar hemispheres. We have detected spontaneous neurogenic detrusor overactivity without sphincter dyssynergia after evaluating the voiding diary, cystometry, and pressure flow study. We consider the detrusor overactivity which occurred one year after the start of the neurological symptoms as the suprapontine inhibition and damage in the axonal pathways in the Fahr syndrome.

  2. "When it's just me at home, it hits me that I'm completely alone": an online survey of adolescents in self-care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Casares, Mónica

    2012-01-01

    The present study examined adolescents' experiences of loneliness and solitude in their responses to an online survey on self-care. Both quantitative (n = 272) and qualitative (n = 150) responses were coded for these feelings when home alone. Results indicate that adolescents experience the duality of aloneness, including both positive solitude and negative loneliness. Adolescents' responses range from embraced solitude and self-care to feelings of loneliness and rejection of time by themselves. Adolescents reporting loneliness were significantly less likely to enjoy being home alone during the day and at night (p < or = .001). Also, gender, age, and emotions such as fear, boredom, and separation anxiety are associated with loneliness among adolescents in self-care. Interventions to increase connectedness and combat loneliness during out-of-school hours are recommended. PMID:22303617

  3. Interactivity in distance education: The National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terhemba Nom AMBE-UVA

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper represents a study of students’ experience of interactivity in distance education programmes at the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN. Through surveys and focus groups with students, facilitators, and administrative support staff, we found out that interactivity is a key determinant of student success rate. Majority of the students are workers in the urban areas who combine “work and learn” which is the motto of NOUN. The survey showed that majority of the students depended on their facilitators as key resource persons and on their peers or study groups both for required and voluntary interactivity to reinforce their learning. This was able to reduce loneliness, boredom and loss of community experienced in distance education. Because NOUN has not completed its Repository, Production, Distribution, and Administration Headquarters (REPRODAhq and equipped the study centers with up-to-date technological facilities, this frustrated accessibility that is dialectically linked to interactivity.

  4. The Influence of Perceived Disgust on Students' Motivation and Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randler, Christoph; Hummel, Eberhard; Wüst-Ackermann, Peter

    2013-11-01

    There are a wide range of student emotions in academic settings, but apart from emotions such as interest and well-being, disgust is a negative emotion which might be relevant in biology education, for instance, during dissection or when encountering living animals. This paper addresses the issue of situational disgust during a course at the university using living animals and prepared mounts. The course covers a wide range of organisms from protists (e.g. Paramecium) through invertebrates to vertebrates and uses many methods (e.g. microscopy, dissection, and behavioral observations) and specific content (anatomy, structure, and behavior). The dissection of the trout was rated as most disgusting, followed by working with living woodlice, living earthworms, and living snails. The least disgusting lessons were those dealing with microscopy, mammalian skulls, honeybee dance, and bird flight. Based on animals, macro-invertebrates were rated as most disgusting and mammals as least disgusting. Concerning methods, observing through a microscope was perceived as being least disgusting, followed by experiments without animals, then followed by experiments with living animals and, most disgusting, dissection. Disgust was correlated negatively with interest, well-being, and competence but positively with pressure and boredom. Thus, low disgust is related to high interest, well-being, and competence, while higher disgust is related to higher pressure and boredom. The results show a need for measuring situational disgust in addition to survey studies. They also suggest that perceived disgust negatively affects intrinsic motivation. This has implications for biology teaching, because carrying out dissections or experiencing living animals in the classroom may have a detrimental effect on motivation.

  5. Differences in Sensation Seeking Between Alpine Skiers, Snowboarders and Ski Tourers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopp, Martin; Wolf, Mirjam; Ruedl, Gerhard; Burtscher, Martin

    2016-03-01

    Despite different injury rates and injury patterns previous personality related research in the field of downhill winter sports did not subdivide between different alpine slope users. In this study, we tried to find out whether the personality trait sensation seeking differs between skiers, snowboarders and ski tourers. In a cross-sectional survey 1185 persons (726 alpine skiers, 321 snowboarders and 138 ski tourers comparable in age and sex) were electronically questioned with the sensation seeking scale (SSS-V) comprising the four factors thrill and adventure seeking, experiences seeking, disinhibition and boredom susceptibility. Kruskal-Wallis Tests revealed a significantly higher total score of the SSS-V for snowboarders in comparison to alpine skiers and ski tourers (H(2) = 41.5, p Ski tourers and snowboarders scored significantly higher in the dimensions "thrill- and adventure-seeking" and "experience-seeking" than alpine skiers. Furthermore, snowboarders showed higher scores in "disinhibition" related to alpine skiers and ski tourers and "boredom susceptibility" compared to alpine skiers. Data show differences in the personality trait sensation seeking in people practising different winter sports. As snowboarders showed higher SS-scores compared to alpine skiers and ski tourers prevention and information programs might benefit from a selective approach focusing on special characteristics of the respective group. Key pointsIt is the very first research trying to identify differences between different types of winter sport slope usersObtained results show higher sensation seeking scores in snowboardersThese results might stimulate new approaches in educational campaigns to reduce accident rates in winter sports.

  6. Smoking frequency among current college student smokers: distinguishing characteristics and factors related to readiness to quit smoking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Carla J; Ling, Pamela M; Hayes, Rashelle B; Berg, Erin; Nollen, Nikki; Nehl, Eric; Choi, Won S; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S

    2012-02-01

    Given the increased prevalence of non-daily smoking and changes in smoking patterns, particularly among young adults, we examined correlates of smoking level, specifically motives for smoking, and readiness to quit smoking among 2682 college undergraduates who completed an online survey. Overall, 64.7% (n = 1736) were non-smokers, 11.6% (n = 312) smoked 1-5 days, 10.5% (n = 281) smoked 6-29 days and 13.2% (n = 353) were daily smokers. Ordinal regression analyses modeling smoking level indicated that correlates of higher smoking level included having more friends who smoke (β = 0.63, 95% CI 0.57-0.69) and more frequent other tobacco use (β = 0.04, 95% CI 0.02-0.05), drinking (β = 0.04, 95% CI 0.02-0.07) and binge drinking (β = 0.09, 95% CI 0.06-0.13). Bivariate analyses indicated that daily smokers (versus the subgroups of non-daily smokers) were less likely to smoke for social reasons but more likely to smoke for self-confidence, boredom, and affect regulation. Controlling for sociodemographics, correlates of readiness to quit among current smokers included fewer friends who smoke (P = 0.002), less frequent binge drinking (P = 0.03), being a social smoker (P < 0.001), smoking less for self-confidence (P = 0.04), smoking more for boredom (P = 0.03) and less frequent smoking (P = 0.001). Specific motives for smoking and potential barriers to cessation particularly may be relevant to different groups of college student smokers.

  7. Neural effects of mental fatigue caused by continuous attention load: a magnetoencephalography study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Masaaki; Ishii, Akira; Watanabe, Yasuyoshi

    2014-05-01

    Mental fatigue can be defined as a psychobiological state caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity and manifests as a reduced efficiency in cognitive performance. Mental fatigue is one of the most significant causes of accidents in modern society. Therefore, understanding the neural mechanisms of mental fatigue is important. However, the neural mechanisms of mental fatigue are not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the neural activity that results from mental fatigue caused by a continuous attention load. We used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to evaluate the neural activities during the attention task. Ten healthy male volunteers participated in this study. They performed a continuous attention task lasting 10 min. Subjective ratings of mental fatigue, mental stress, boredom, and sleepiness were performed just after the task trial. MEG data were analyzed using narrow-band adaptive spatial filtering methods. An increase in the beta-frequency band (13-25 Hz) power in the right inferior and middle frontal gyri (Brodmann׳s areas 44 and 9 respectively) was caused by the mental fatigue. The increase in the beta-frequency band power in the right middle frontal gyrus was negatively associated with the self-reported level of mental stress and was positively associated with those of boredom and sleepiness. These results demonstrate that performing a continuous mental fatigue-inducing task causes changes in the activation of the prefrontal cortex, and manifests as an increased beta-frequency power in this brain area as well as sleepiness. Our results contribute to greater understanding of the neural mechanisms of mental fatigue.

  8. A Breakthrough of Teaching Difficulty of“Morality and Law Basis”from Human Nature View%《思想道德修养与法律基础》教学困境释因与突破--以人性论为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈卫星

    2012-01-01

      枯燥乏味是当下困扰《思想道德修养与法律基础》教学的普遍困境,原因很多,但问题的根源似宜从人性视角进行挖掘。从人性的欲望、情感、理智、精神和理性五层次分析成因,有助于洞悉枯燥心理产生的深层秘密。在此基础上指出实践是突破枯燥困境的根本途径。对此,从必然性角度看,精神现象具有超越性、抽象性两大特点,它们造成对精神性知识接受的障碍,这个障碍只有依赖实践方能突破;从可能性角度看,大学生具有参与意识强的特点,这为开展实践教学提供了可能性%  Boredom is a common problem in the teaching of“Morality and Law Basis”. One of the most important ways to solve this problem is to make an exploration from the perspective of human⁃ ity. Analysis from such five hierarchies of desires, feelings, mind, spirit and rational is beneficial to discover the secret of the boredom. From two angles of the necessity and possibility, this paper reveals that practice is the fundamental way to breakthrough boring dilemma.

  9. Vyhledávání mimoř ádných prožitků a preference učebního stylu studenta. / Sensation seeking and student’s preferred learning style.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dita Culková

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this empirical study is to determine what learning style students and how this relates to their sensation seeking tendency. We were also interested in what natural clusters occur if these two variables are considered, together with gender and students’ affiliation with general or physical education oriented class at grammar school. Theoretical basis, which are Dunn’s theory of learning styles and theory of Zuckerman’s sensation seeking tendency, are introduced in the first part. The second part describes used methods including reliability and validity verification of the applied questionnaire. Cluster analysis is the method for data processing and provides a deep insight into a big amount of variables. The third part informs about the main results, discusses them and provides praxis recommendations. The greatest differences between genders and class type were found in sensation seekingtendency, partly in learning styles. Girls of physical education and sport specialized classes least represent cluster, where there is a very little thrill and adventure seeking and seeking of new experiences, where boredom susceptibility is low and respecttowards rules and norms is high. Boys are most often members of a cluster where thrill and adventure is not searched but new experiences are welcome, enjoyment follows from disrespect for norms and standards and the members are susceptible to boredom. Boys of physical education and sport classes are little responsible withinthe learning process, they need structured tasks and they prefer experiential or kinesthetic education. It is possible to state, that the preference of learning style of grammar school students might relate to sensation seeking tendency as well as to gender and type of school class.

  10. Instructional games: Scientific language use, concept understanding, and attitudinal development of middle school learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mongillo, Geraldine

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to discover the influence of instructional games on middle school learners' use of scientific language, concept understanding, and attitude toward learning science. The rationale for this study stemmed from the lack of research concerning the value of play as an instructional strategy for older learners. Specifically, the study focused on the ways in which 6 average ability 7th grade students demonstrated scientific language and concept use during gameplay. The data were collected for this 6-week study in a southern New Jersey suburban middle school and included audio recordings of the 5 games observed in class, written documents (e.g., student created game questions, self-evaluation forms, pre- and post-assessments, and the final quiz) interviews, and researcher field notes. Data were coded and interpreted borrowing from the framework for scientific literacy developed by Bybee (1997). Based on the findings, the framework was modified to reflect the level of scientific understanding demonstrated by the participants and categorized as: Unacquainted, Nominal, Functional, and Conceptual. Major findings suggested that the participants predominantly achieved the Functional level of scientific literacy (i.e., the ability to adequately and appropriately use scientific language in both written and oral discourse) during games. Further, it was discovered that the participants achieved the Conceptual level of scientific literacy during gameplay. Through games participants were afforded the opportunity to use common, everyday language to explore concepts, promoted through peer collaboration. In games the participants used common language to build understandings that exceeded Nominal or token use of the technical vocabulary and concepts. Additionally, the participants reported through interviews and self-evaluation forms that their attitude (patterns included: Motivation, Interest, Fun, Relief from Boredom, and an Alternate Learning

  11. The motivations and experiences of students enrolled in online science courses at the community college

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Urbi

    An important question in online learning involves how to effectively motivate and retain students in science online courses. There is a dearth of research and knowledge about the experiences of students enrolled in online science courses in community colleges which has impeded the proper development and implementation of online courses and retention of students in the online environment. This study sought to provide an understanding of the relationships among each of the following variables: self-efficacy, task value, negative-achievement emotions, self-regulation learning strategies (metacognition), learning strategy (elaboration), and course satisfaction to student's performance (course final grade). Bandura's social-cognitive theory was used as a framework to describe the relationships among students' motivational beliefs (perceived task value, self-efficacy, and self-regulation) and emotions (frustration and boredom) with the dependent variables (elaboration and overall course satisfaction). A mixed-method design was used with a survey instrumentation and student interviews. A variety of science online courses in biology, genetics, astronomy, nutrition, and chemistry were surveyed in two community colleges. Community colleges students (N = 107) completed a questionnaire during enrollment in a variety of online science online courses. Upon course completion, 12 respondents were randomly selected for follow-up in-depth interviews. Multiple regression results from the study indicate perceived task value and self-regulatory learning strategies (metacognition) were as important predictors for students' use of elaboration, while self-efficacy and the number of prior online courses was not significant predictors for students' elaboration when all four predictors were included. Frustration was a significant negative predictor of overall course satisfaction, and boredom unexpectedly emerged as a positive predictor when frustration was also in the model. In addition, the

  12. On the Influence of High-speed Rail Tourists'Novelty-seeking Motivation on their Exploratory Intention%高铁游客新奇追求动机及对探索意愿的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥郁

    2015-01-01

    This paper pores over the influence of high-speed rail tourist 's novelty-seeking motivation on their ex-ploratory intentions by means of a questionnaire survey of Changsha .Factor analyses suggest four dimensions of novelty-seeking:seeking stimulus , changing life styles , reducing boredom , and escaping from everyday rou-tines.Variance analyses suggest that there is little discrepancy between people in terms of age , educational background and family structure ,but a large gap between those of different sexes ,occupations and incomes .The tourists exhibit high levels of exploratory motivations rather than recommendation and re -visit intentions .A re-gression analysis shows that the three factors of life changing ,boredom reduction ,and routine flee claim greater impact on high-speed rail tourists 'exploratory intentions .%通过对长沙市高铁游客的问卷调查,深入剖析了高铁游客新奇追求动机及其对探索意愿的影响关系. 因子分析提取了高铁游客新奇追求动机有追求刺激、改变生活、减少厌倦和摆脱常规等4个维度. 方差分析结果表明,新奇追求动机在不同年龄、文化程度、家庭结构的人群间无显著差异,在不同性别、职业和收入水平人群则差异显著. 有别于推荐与重游意愿,游客中存在较高的探索意愿,回归分析发现新奇追求动机的改变生活、减少厌倦和摆脱常规3维度显著影响游客的探索意愿.

  13. A Study on th Relationship between the General Academic Emotion of College Student and the Coping Style%大学生一般学业情绪与应对方式的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽娟; 马惠霞

    2012-01-01

    目的:探查大学生应对方式与学业情绪的关系。方法:采用《大学生一般学业情绪问卷》和《应付方式问卷》对天津某大学270名大学生进行调查。结果:(1)应付方式问卷的各维度得分与学业情绪各分问卷得分存在显著相关;(2)应对方式对学业情绪有预测作用,其中解决问题能预测积极学业情绪和消极低唤醒情绪;自责和幻想能正向预测消极学业情绪;合理化能预测部分消极情绪(焦虑、失望、厌烦)和部分积极情绪(愉快、希望)。结果说明,应对方式是影响学业情绪的重要因素。%Objective: To explore the relationship between college students' coping style and academic emotions.Method:A survey was conducted to investigate 270 undergraduates from a university in Tianjin by the General Academic Emotion Questionnaire for College Students and the Coping Style Questionnaire.Result:(1)All of academic emotions are significantly correlated with all of the coping style(.2)The coping style can predict academic emotions.Solving problem can predict positive academic emot ions and negative-low arousal emotions(hope,enjoyment,interest,pride,relief,hopelessness,boredom),Self-blame and Fantasy can predict negative-high arousal emotions(anxiety,shame,anger),Rationalization can predict part of negative emotions(anxiety,hopelessness,boredom) and positive emotions(enjoyment,hope).The results indicate that the coping style is an important factor to affect college students' academic emotions.

  14. Stereotypes of Old People Persist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lars Tornstam

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available In 2005, as well as in 1982, almost 90 percent of Swedes subscribed to the stereotype that retirement pensioners suffer from loneliness and more than half of Swedes also believed that pensioners suffer from boredom and dissatisfaction with life.Little seems to have changed for the better, or even impaired with regard to the images of the psychological conditions of pensioners, at the same time as Swedes have become somewhat more knowledgeable about the physiological/material conditions associated with aging. This follows from a 2005 follow-up of a Swedish Facts on Aging Quiz, first given in 1982. The comparatively stable pattern of stereotypes over the 23-year period indicates that stereotypes – in old, well-known or permutated forms – will prevail as long as their ageist roots do. The changes observed indicate the possibility of a future pattern of stereotypes, which combines an exaggerated “positive” image of retirement pensioners’ health and wealth, with associated envy of the “greedy geezers”, and pity for their lonely and meaningless lives.

  15. Troubled social background of male anabolic-androgenic steroid abusers in treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skarberg Kurt

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to investigate the social background and current social situation of male abusers of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS. Methods We compared thirty-four AAS-abusing patients from an Addiction Centre (AC with two groups, 18 users and 259 non-users of AAS from a public gym in Orebro, Sweden. The study is based on semi-structured interviews and questionnaires. Results Histories of a troubled childhood as well as current social disadvantage were both more frequent among the AAS users. Users also reported poor relationships with their parents and almost half of them had experienced physical or mental abuse. The AC group's experiences from school were mostly negative, and included concentration problems, boredom and learning difficulties. Their current circumstance included abuse of other drugs, battering of spouses and other criminality such as assault, illegal possession of weapons and theft. Conclusion In conclusion, this study shows that abusers of AAS often have a troubled social background. This underlines the importance of making a thorough social assessment as a part of the treatment programme. The results of the study may help in directing appropriate questions relevant to the abuse of AAS.

  16. Masturbation and Pornography Use Among Coupled Heterosexual Men With Decreased Sexual Desire: How Many Roles of Masturbation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalheira, Ana; Træen, Bente; Stulhofer, Aleksandar

    2015-01-01

    The relation between masturbation and sexual desire has not been systematically studied. The present study assessed the association between masturbation and pornography use and the predictors and correlates of frequent masturbation (several times a week or more often) among coupled heterosexual men who reported decreased sexual desire. Analyses were carried out on a subset of 596 men with decreased sexual desire (mean age = 40.2 years) who were recruited as part of a large online study on male sexual health in 3 European countries. A majority of the participants (67%) reported masturbating at least once a week. Among men who masturbated frequently, 70% used pornography at least once a week. A multivariate assessment showed that sexual boredom, frequent pornography use, and low relationship intimacy significantly increased the odds of reporting frequent masturbation among coupled men with decreased sexual desire. These findings point to a pattern of pornography-related masturbation that can be dissociated from partnered sexual desire and can fulfill diverse purposes. Clinical implications include the importance of exploring specific patterns of masturbation and pornography use in the evaluation of coupled men with decreased sexual desire. PMID:25189834

  17. Appraisals of Salient Visual Elements in Web Page Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna M. Silvennoinen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Visual elements in user interfaces elicit emotions in users and are, therefore, essential to users interacting with different software. Although there is research on the relationship between emotional experience and visual user interface design, the focus has been on the overall visual impression and not on visual elements. Additionally, often in a software development process, programming and general usability guidelines are considered as the most important parts of the process. Therefore, knowledge of programmers’ appraisals of visual elements can be utilized to understand the web page designs we interact with. In this study, appraisal theory of emotion is utilized to elaborate the relationship of emotional experience and visual elements from programmers’ perspective. Participants (N=50 used 3E-templates to express their visual and emotional experiences of web page designs. Content analysis of textual data illustrates how emotional experiences are elicited by salient visual elements. Eight hierarchical visual element categories were found and connected to various emotions, such as frustration, boredom, and calmness, via relational emotion themes. The emotional emphasis was on centered, symmetrical, and balanced composition, which was experienced as pleasant and calming. The results benefit user-centered visual interface design and researchers of visual aesthetics in human-computer interaction.

  18. "Without Porn … I Wouldn't Know Half the Things I Know Now": A Qualitative Study of Pornography Use Among a Sample of Urban, Low-Income, Black and Hispanic Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothman, Emily F; Kaczmarsky, Courtney; Burke, Nina; Jansen, Emily; Baughman, Allyson

    2015-01-01

    Information about the pornography-viewing habits of urban, low-income youth of color in the United States is lacking. This study was designed to answer the following using a sample of 16- to 18-year-old urban-residing, low-income Black or Hispanic youth: (1) What types of pornography do youth report watching; where and for what purpose? (2) Do youth feel that pornography exposure has an impact on their own sexual behaviors? and (3) How do parents react to their pornography use? The following themes emerged from interviews with 23 youth: (1) Youth primarily reported watching pornography that featured one-on-one sexual intercourse but also reported having seen extreme pornography (e.g., public humiliation, incest); (2) youth reported watching pornography on home computers or smartphones, and that pornography was frequently watched in school; (3) youth reported watching for entertainment, for sexual stimulation, instructional purposes, and to alleviate boredom; many copied what they saw in pornography during their own sexual encounters; (4) pressure to make or to imitate pornography was an element of some unhealthy dating relationships; and (5) parents were generally described as unsupportive of youth's use of pornography but underequipped to discuss it. Approximately one-fifth expressed a preference for pornography featuring actors of their same race/ethnicity.

  19. “Without Porn…I Wouldn’t Know Half The Things I Know Now”: A Qualitative Study of Pornography Use Among a Sample Of Urban, Low-Income, Black and Hispanic Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothman, Emily F.; Kaczmarsky, Courtney; Burke, Nina; Jansen, Emily; Baughman, Allyson

    2014-01-01

    Information about pornography-viewing habits of urban, low income, youth of color in the U.S. is lacking. This study was designed to answer the following using a sample of 16-18 year old urban-residing, low income, Black or Hispanic youth: (1) What types of pornography do youth report watching, where, and for what purpose?; (2) Do youth feel that pornography exposure has an impact on their own sexual behaviors?; and (3) How do parents react to their pornography use? The following themes emerged from interviews with 23 youth: (a) Youth primarily reported watching pornography that featured one-on-one sexual intercourse, but also reported having seen extreme pornography (e.g., public humiliation, incest); (b) youth reported watching pornography on home computers or smartphones, and that pornography was frequently watched in school; (c) youth reported watching for entertainment, for sexual stimulation, instructional purposes, and to alleviate boredom; many copied what they saw in pornography during their own sexual encounters; (d) pressure to make or to imitate pornography was an element of some unhealthy dating relationships; and (e) parents were generally described as unsupportive of youths’ use of pornography, but under-equipped to discuss it. Approximately one-fifth expressed a prefererence for pornography featuring actors of their same race/ethnicity. PMID:25350847

  20. Participation Motives of French in Greek Traditional Dance Teaching Seminars Organised in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippos Filippou

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the reasons which drive French people to participate in taught seminars of Greek traditional dancing which are organized in France as well as to examine the demographic characteristics as differentiation factors of the attendance motives. For the collection of the study data the “Participation Motivation Questionnaire” by Gill, Gross & Huddleston was used after having been adapted to the particular needs of the study. In the study took part 215 individuals (n=215, m=16, f=191. A Factor and Reliability analysis, a frequency analysis, One–Way ANOVA, Man Whitney U test and elements of descriptive statistics were used for the analysis of the data. The improvement of the dancing dexterities, boredom rejection as well as relaxation from the daily routine, the acquisition of new experiences and practice are the most significant attendance motives in the relative seminars. Age and educational level of the sample do not constitute differential factors of the attendance motives. Men participate in a greater degree than women so as to get in touch with the Greek culture through dancing. Finally, individuals with many years of attendance are interested in improving their dancing level in a greater degree than individuals with few years of attendance. To sum up, we can infer that only gender and participation time are factors partly differentiating the motives of attendance.

  1. The benefit of pets and animal-assisted therapy to the health of older individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherniack, E Paul; Cherniack, Ariella R

    2014-01-01

    Many studies utilizing dogs, cats, birds, fish, and robotic simulations of animals have tried to ascertain the health benefits of pet ownership or animal-assisted therapy in the elderly. Several small unblinded investigations outlined improvements in behavior in demented persons given treatment in the presence of animals. Studies piloting the use of animals in the treatment of depression and schizophrenia have yielded mixed results. Animals may provide intangible benefits to the mental health of older persons, such as relief social isolation and boredom, but these have not been formally studied. Several investigations of the effect of pets on physical health suggest animals can lower blood pressure, and dog walkers partake in more physical activity. Dog walking, in epidemiological studies and few preliminary trials, is associated with lower complication risk among patients with cardiovascular disease. Pets may also have harms: they may be expensive to care for, and their owners are more likely to fall. Theoretically, zoonotic infections and bites can occur, but how often this occurs in the context of pet ownership or animal-assisted therapy is unknown. Despite the poor methodological quality of pet research after decades of study, pet ownership and animal-assisted therapy are likely to continue due to positive subjective feelings many people have toward animals. PMID:25477957

  2. Perspectives on intimate relationships among young people in rural South Africa: the logic of risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edin, Kerstin; Nilsson, Bo; Ivarsson, Anneli; Kinsman, John; Norris, Shane A; Kahn, Kathleen

    2016-09-01

    This paper explores how young people in rural South Africa understand gender, dating, sexuality and risk-taking in adolescence. The empirical material drawn upon consists of 20 interviews with young men and women (aged 18-19) and reflects normative gender patterns characterised by compulsory heterosexuality and dating as obligatory, and representing key symbols of normality. However, different meanings of heterosexual relationships are articulated in the interviews, for example in the recurring concept of 'passing time', and these meanings show that a relationship can be something arbitrary: a way to reduce boredom and have casual sex. Such a rationale for engaging in a relationship reflects one of several other normative gender patterns, which relate to the trivialisation of dating and sexual risk-taking, and which entail making compromises and legitimising deviations from the 'ideal' life-script and the hope of a better future. However, risks do not exclusively represent something bad, dangerous or immoral, because they are also used as excuses to avoid sex, HIV acquisition and early pregnancy. In conclusion, various interrelated issues can both undermine and/or reinforce risk awareness and subsequent risk behaviour. Recognition of this tension is essential when framing policies to support young people to reduce sexual risk-taking behaviour. PMID:26986221

  3. Late life gambling: the attitudes and behaviors of older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeilly, D P; Burke, W J

    2000-01-01

    For a significant number of retired older adults (aged 65+), gambling has become a new form of recreation and entertainment. While prevalence studies have examined the incidence of problem gambling in other age groups, little research attention has been paid to the impact of gambling on older adults since the increase in availability and accessibility of legalized gambling within the last ten years. This study investigated the prevalence of problem gambling behaviors (SOGS-R), depression (GDS-15), levels of life satisfaction (SWLS), and motivations for gambling among older adults. A total of 315 older adults completed the study questionnaire and were grouped and analyzed according to those sampled from gambling venues and those from within the community. Results of the study found the most frequent accession and spending on several types of gambling occurred among older adults who were sampled at gambling venues. Older adults who were sampled at gambling venues were also found more likely to have higher levels of disordered gambling than older adults from the community, as measured by the SOGS-R. Relaxation, boredom, passing time, and getting away for the day were also the most likely reported motivations for the older adults who were gambling patrons. These findings provide an initial profile of older adults and their attitudes, motivations and gambling behaviors. PMID:14634305

  4. On Embedding Literary Stylistic Awareness in English Grammar Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娟

    2015-01-01

    The quality of language use is mainly evaluated at the levels of correctness, appropriateness and creativeness. Stylistic features are manifested at the levels of appropriateness and creativeness. In traditional English grammar teaching, much effort is put on the correctness. Appropriateness is treated in part and creativeness is largely ignored. Isolated from concrete contexts, lin⁃guistic materials used for grammar teaching tend to be inefficient to ensure effective communication. The teaching of dry grammati⁃cal rules may lead to monotony and boredom in grammar learning. If the linguistic materials used in grammar teaching address cor⁃rectness, appropriateness and creativeness in language use simultaneously and are closer to life, grammar learning may be more fruitful. As literary texts are characterized by both the social discourses under multiple contexts and personal tastes, their styles are rich and lively. Therefore, to embed literary texts in English grammar teaching will not only create a more concrete, meaningful and interesting context for the learning of grammatical rules but also be beneficial for the cultivation of stylistic awareness.

  5. Wavelet Packet Entropy in Speaker-Independent Emotional State Detection from Speech Signal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mina Kadkhodaei Elyaderani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, wavelet packet entropy is proposed for speaker-independent emotion detection from speech. After pre-processing, wavelet packet decomposition using wavelet type db3 at level 4 is calculated and Shannon entropy in its nodes is calculated to be used as feature. In addition, prosodic features such as first four formants, jitter or pitch deviation amplitude, and shimmer or energy variation amplitude besides MFCC features are applied to complete the feature vector. Then, Support Vector Machine (SVM is used to classify the vectors in multi-class (all emotions or two-class (each emotion versus normal state format. 46 different utterances of a single sentence from Berlin Emotional Speech Dataset are selected. These are uttered by 10 speakers in sadness, happiness, fear, boredom, anger, and normal emotional state. Experimental results show that proposed features can improve emotional state detection accuracy in multi-class situation. Furthermore, adding to other features wavelet entropy coefficients increase the accuracy of two-class detection for anger, fear, and happiness.

  6. Comparison of Classification Methods for Detecting Emotion from Mandarin Speech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pao, Tsang-Long; Chen, Yu-Te; Yeh, Jun-Heng

    It is said that technology comes out from humanity. What is humanity? The very definition of humanity is emotion. Emotion is the basis for all human expression and the underlying theme behind everything that is done, said, thought or imagined. Making computers being able to perceive and respond to human emotion, the human-computer interaction will be more natural. Several classifiers are adopted for automatically assigning an emotion category, such as anger, happiness or sadness, to a speech utterance. These classifiers were designed independently and tested on various emotional speech corpora, making it difficult to compare and evaluate their performance. In this paper, we first compared several popular classification methods and evaluated their performance by applying them to a Mandarin speech corpus consisting of five basic emotions, including anger, happiness, boredom, sadness and neutral. The extracted feature streams contain MFCC, LPCC, and LPC. The experimental results show that the proposed WD-MKNN classifier achieves an accuracy of 81.4% for the 5-class emotion recognition and outperforms other classification techniques, including KNN, MKNN, DW-KNN, LDA, QDA, GMM, HMM, SVM, and BPNN. Then, to verify the advantage of the proposed method, we compared these classifiers by applying them to another Mandarin expressive speech corpus consisting of two emotions. The experimental results still show that the proposed WD-MKNN outperforms others.

  7. Multiresolution analysis (discrete wavelet transform) through Daubechies family for emotion recognition in speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campo, D.; Quintero, O. L.; Bastidas, M.

    2016-04-01

    We propose a study of the mathematical properties of voice as an audio signal. This work includes signals in which the channel conditions are not ideal for emotion recognition. Multiresolution analysis- discrete wavelet transform - was performed through the use of Daubechies Wavelet Family (Db1-Haar, Db6, Db8, Db10) allowing the decomposition of the initial audio signal into sets of coefficients on which a set of features was extracted and analyzed statistically in order to differentiate emotional states. ANNs proved to be a system that allows an appropriate classification of such states. This study shows that the extracted features using wavelet decomposition are enough to analyze and extract emotional content in audio signals presenting a high accuracy rate in classification of emotional states without the need to use other kinds of classical frequency-time features. Accordingly, this paper seeks to characterize mathematically the six basic emotions in humans: boredom, disgust, happiness, anxiety, anger and sadness, also included the neutrality, for a total of seven states to identify.

  8. Pornography, sexual socialization, and satisfaction among young men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stulhofer, Aleksandar; Busko, Vesna; Landripet, Ivan

    2010-02-01

    In spite of a growing presence of pornography in contemporary life, little is known about its potential effects on young people's sexual socialization and sexual satisfaction. In this article, we present a theoretical model of the effects of sexually explicit materials (SEM) mediated by sexual scripting and moderated by the type of SEM used. An on-line survey dataset that included 650 young Croatian men aged 18-25 years was used to explore empirically the model. Descriptive findings pointed to significant differences between mainstream and paraphilic SEM users in frequency of SEM use at the age of 14, current SEM use, frequency of masturbation, sexual boredom, acceptance of sex myths, and sexual compulsiveness. In testing the model, a novel instrument was used, the Sexual Scripts Overlap Scale, designed to measure the influence of SEM on sexual socialization. Structural equation analyses suggested that negative effects of early exposure to SEM on young men's sexual satisfaction, albeit small, could be stronger than positive effects. Both positive and negative effects-the latter being expressed through suppression of intimacy-were observed only among users of paraphilic SEM. No effect of early exposure to SEM was found among the mainstream SEM users. To counterbalance moral panic but also glamorization of pornography, sex education programs should incorporate contents that would increase media literacy and assist young people in critical interpretation of pornographic imagery. PMID:18561012

  9. Emotional stress evoked by classical fear conditioning induces yawning behavior in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubota, Natsuko; Amemiya, Seiichiro; Yanagita, Shinya; Nishijima, Takeshi; Kita, Ichiro

    2014-04-30

    Yawning is often observed not only in a state of boredom or drowsiness but also in stressful emotional situations, suggesting that yawning is an emotional behavior. However, the neural mechanisms for yawning during stressful emotional situations have not been fully determined, though previous studies have suggested that both parvocellular oxytocin (OT) and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) are responsible for induction of yawning. Thus, using ethological observations and c-Fos immunohistochemistry, we examined whether emotional stress evoked by classical fear conditioning is involved in induction of yawning behavior in freely moving rats. Emotional stress induced yawning behavior that was accompanied by anxiety-related behavior, and caused neuronal activation of the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA), as well as increases in activity of both OT and CRF neurons in the PVN. These results suggest that emotional stress may induce yawning behavior, in which the neuronal activation of the CeA may have a key role.

  10. “Chickens Are a Lot Smarter than I Originally Thought”: Changes in Student Attitudes to Chickens Following a Chicken Training Class

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan J. Hazel

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A practical class using clicker training of chickens to apply knowledge of how animals learn and practice skills in animal training was added to an undergraduate course. Since attitudes to animals are related to their perceived intelligence, surveys of student attitudes were completed pre- and post- the practical class, to determine if (1 the practical class changed students’ attitudes to chickens and their ability to experience affective states, and (2 any changes were related to previous contact with chickens, training experience or gender. In the post- versus pre-surveys, students agreed more that chickens are easy to teach tricks to, are intelligent, and have individual personalities and disagreed more that they are difficult to train and are slow learners. Following the class, they were more likely to believe chickens experience boredom, frustration and happiness. Females rated the intelligence and ability to experience affective states in chickens more highly than males, although there were shifts in attitude in both genders. This study demonstrated shifts in attitudes following a practical class teaching clicker training in chickens. Similar practical classes may provide an effective method of teaching animal training skills and promoting more positive attitudes to animals.

  11. Treatment of borderline adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, M R

    1983-01-01

    A recent revision of the proposed DSM III description of the borderline category is presented with reference to the work of Masterson (1972) and Grinker (1968). The contributions of Roger Shapiro et al. to a psychoanalytic formulation of the developmental and familial dynamics are summarized with reference to the genetic factors and the lack of validation to date of any general hypothesis. Treatment recommendations of Wolberg, Shapiro and Jacobson (1971) are described. Grinker's operational criteria were chosen for the pilot study: a defect in affectional relationships with no enduring close ties; child-like angry relationships with parental or authority figures, particularly in the dysphoric group; low self-esteem very poor sense of identity; a chronic depression characterized more by loneliness and boredom than by guilt or loss, and a pervading sense of anger or resentment. Cases are presented to illustrate treatment strategies. A brief differential diagnostic statement is made describing "borderline" as a separate category from other disorders manifesting oppositional, antisocial, and violent behavior.

  12. Life on the British Ward

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreedhar Krishna

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Literally invalid/We sit for hours/The day passes/Daily purposes/ -He phones his wife/She mixes cake/ -Cannot be yours/A small, dumb place/Lacking context/White with a blind contradiction of connection/The sitting room/Hums with boredom/A crippled euphemistic kingdom/Of pills or 'medication'/Meals cooked and crockery washed'/Neighbours': drama mimics life/Has Max left Steph?/Is Skye expecting?/A concept forms unbidden:/This is what 'care' means/ Talk to me!/It doesn't matter what you say -/What are the children doing?/Have they opened the new Arcade?/How did Hillary Clinton do in the primaries?/Is Tescos cheaper than Waitrose?/I will wear a pair of reliable shoes to the wedding/Let's play charades/I will finish the crossword, then play chess/Will you come with me to Bravissimo?/Do you remember The Rolling Stones at Knebworth?/Did you prefer Paul McCartney or John Lennon?/I will tell you off-by-heart my favourite poem;/I haven't always been a lemon./The doctor's care ends this nightmare.

  13. An experience sampling study of emotional reactions to music: listener, music, and situation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juslin, Patrik N; Liljeström, Simon; Västfjäll, Daniel; Barradas, Gonçalo; Silva, Ana

    2008-10-01

    The Experience Sampling Method was used to explore emotions to music as they naturally occurred in everyday life, with a focus on the prevalence of different musical emotions and how such emotions are related to various factors in the listener, the music, and the situation. Thirty-two college students, 20 to 31 years old, carried a palmtop that emitted a sound signal seven times per day at random intervals for 2 weeks. When signaled, participants were required to complete a questionnaire on the palmtop. Results showed that music occurred in 37% of the episodes, and in 64% of the music episodes, the participants reported that the music affected how they felt. Comparisons showed that happiness-elation and nostalgia-longing were more frequent in episodes with musical emotions, whereas anger-irritation, boredom-indifference, and anxiety-fear were more frequent in episodes with nonmusical emotions. The prevalence of specific musical emotions correlated with personality measures and also varied depending on the situation (e.g., current activity, other people present), thus highlighting the need to use representative samples of situations to obtain valid estimates of prevalence. PMID:18837617

  14. The use of negative themes in television food advertising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettigrew, Simone; Roberts, Michele; Chapman, Kathy; Quester, Pascale; Miller, Caroline

    2012-04-01

    The ability of food advertising to trigger food consumption and influence social norms relating to food consumption has resulted in increasing attention being given to the prevalence and nature of food advertising. The present study investigated the use of negative themes in food advertisements aired on Australian television to determine the prevalence of depictions of violence/aggression, mocking, nagging, boredom, loneliness, food craving, mood enhancement, and the emotional use of food across 61 days of programming time. The results suggest that advertisers are using negative themes to capture attention and invoke an emotional response in the target audience. Sixteen percent (14,611) of the 93,284 food advertisements contained negative themes, with mood enhancement and food craving being the most commonly depicted negative themes. Advertisements with negative themes were more likely to be for non-core foods and to be aired during children's popular viewing times than at other times. The potential for negative themes in food advertising to promote unhealthy food consumption behaviors among children is likely to be of concern to policy makers. Building on this exploratory study, further research is needed to investigate how nutrition-related decision making is affected by exposure to food advertisements employing negative emotional themes. PMID:22222562

  15. Motion sickness and proprioceptive aftereffects following virtual environment exposure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanney, K. M.; Kennedy, R. S.; Drexler, J. M.; Harm, D. L.

    1999-01-01

    To study the potential aftereffects of virtual environments (VE), tests of visually guided behavior and felt limb position (pointing with eyes open and closed) along with self-reports of motion sickness-like discomfort were administered before and after 30 min exposure of 34 subjects. When post- discomfort was compared to a pre-baseline, the participants reported more sickness afterward (p < 0.03). The change in felt limb position resulted in subjects pointing higher (p < 0.038) and slightly to the left, although the latter difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.08). When findings from a second study using a different VE system were compared, they essentially replicated the results of the first study with higher sickness afterward (p < 0.001) and post- pointing errors were also up (p < 0.001) and to the left (p < 0.001). While alternative explanations (e.g. learning, fatigue, boredom, habituation, etc.) of these outcomes cannot be ruled out, the consistency of the post- effects on felt limb position changes in the two VE implies that these recalibrations may linger once interaction with the VE has concluded, rendering users potentially physiologically maladapted for the real world when they return. This suggests there may be safety concerns following VE exposures until pre-exposure functioning has been regained. The results of this study emphasize the need for developing and using objective measures of post-VE exposure aftereffects in order to systematically determine under what conditions these effects may occur.

  16. A dual-process perspective on fluency-based aesthetics: the pleasure-interest model of aesthetic liking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graf, Laura K M; Landwehr, Jan R

    2015-11-01

    In this article, we develop an account of how aesthetic preferences can be formed as a result of two hierarchical, fluency-based processes. Our model suggests that processing performed immediately upon encountering an aesthetic object is stimulus driven, and aesthetic preferences that accrue from this processing reflect aesthetic evaluations of pleasure or displeasure. When sufficient processing motivation is provided by a perceiver's need for cognitive enrichment and/or the stimulus' processing affordance, elaborate perceiver-driven processing can emerge, which gives rise to fluency-based aesthetic evaluations of interest, boredom, or confusion. Because the positive outcomes in our model are pleasure and interest, we call it the Pleasure-Interest Model of Aesthetic Liking (PIA Model). Theoretically, this model integrates a dual-process perspective and ideas from lay epistemology into processing fluency theory, and it provides a parsimonious framework to embed and unite a wealth of aesthetic phenomena, including contradictory preference patterns for easy versus difficult-to-process aesthetic stimuli.

  17. "Chickens Are a Lot Smarter than I Originally Thought": Changes in Student Attitudes to Chickens Following a Chicken Training Class.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazel, Susan J; O'Dwyer, Lisel; Ryan, Terry

    2015-01-01

    A practical class using clicker training of chickens to apply knowledge of how animals learn and practice skills in animal training was added to an undergraduate course. Since attitudes to animals are related to their perceived intelligence, surveys of student attitudes were completed pre- and post- the practical class, to determine if (1) the practical class changed students' attitudes to chickens and their ability to experience affective states, and (2) any changes were related to previous contact with chickens, training experience or gender. In the post- versus pre-surveys, students agreed more that chickens are easy to teach tricks to, are intelligent, and have individual personalities and disagreed more that they are difficult to train and are slow learners. Following the class, they were more likely to believe chickens experience boredom, frustration and happiness. Females rated the intelligence and ability to experience affective states in chickens more highly than males, although there were shifts in attitude in both genders. This study demonstrated shifts in attitudes following a practical class teaching clicker training in chickens. Similar practical classes may provide an effective method of teaching animal training skills and promoting more positive attitudes to animals.

  18. Compulsive Use of Internet-based Sexually Explicit Media: Adaptation and Validation of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antebi, Nadav; Schrimshaw, Eric W.

    2014-01-01

    Despite evidence that viewing sexually explicit media (SEM) may contribute to greater numbers of sexual partners, sexual risk taking, greater interest in group sex, and lower self-esteem among men who have sex with men (MSM), research has not addressed compulsive use of Internet-based SEM due to the lack of a validated measure for this population. This report investigates the psychometric properties of the 14-item Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS; Meerkerk, van den Eijnden, Vermulst, & Garretsen, 2009) adapted to assess the severity of compulsive Internet SEM use. A total of 265 Internet SEM-viewing MSM participated in an online survey about their SEM preferences, viewing habits, and recent sexual behaviors. A principal components analysis revealed a single-component, 13-item scale to adequately assess the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of this phenomenon, with a high internal consistency (α = .92). Greater compulsive use of Internet SEM was positively correlated with several relevant variables including boredom, sexual frustration, time spent viewing Internet SEM, and number of recent male sexual partners. The results offer preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of using an adapted version of the CIUS to understand compulsive Internet SEM use, and allow for more research into the potential negative consequences of compulsive SEM use. PMID:24679612

  19. The meaning of the Occupational Therapy activities in the hospitalization context of high risk pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laís Abdala Martins

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study aimed to describe and interpret the meaning and realization of activities directed to motherhood during occupational therapy treatment with hospitalized high-risk pregnant women. Methods: An interpretative qualitative study carried out with forty-five high-risk pregnant women under treatment at the University Hospital of the Federal University of Parana - UFPR. Data from a total of 90 interviews, conducted with all hospitalized pregnant women who agreed to participate in the study, were collected and submitted to content analysis. Results: In the study of the two sets of categories obtained, many analysis units emerged. In the category related to hospitalization, 14 units were found: anxiety, loneliness, boredom, and worry for the baby were among the main ones. In the category related to therapeutic process, 9 units were highlighted: satisfaction, relaxation, and family proximity were among the most often mentioned. Conclusions: Hospitalization is a stressful life event and influences the emotional state of pregnant women. The process of realization of therapeutic occupational activities directed to motherhood allowed the rescue of being active, being able to live and revive positive and natural experiences of the gestational process, allowing the reframing of hospitalization.

  20. Tobacco use among urban Aboriginal Australian young people: a qualitative study of reasons for smoking, barriers to cessation and motivators for smoking cessation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosh, Suzanne; Hawkins, Kimberley; Skaczkowski, Gemma; Copley, David; Bowden, Jacqueline

    2015-01-01

    Smoking prevalence among Aboriginal Australian young people greatly exceeds the prevalence in the broader population of Australian young people, yet limited research has explored the social context in which young Aboriginal Australians smoke. Four focus groups were conducted in 2009 with South Australian Aboriginal smokers aged 15-29 years residing in urban areas (n = 32) to examine attitudes and experiences surrounding smoking and quitting. The primary reasons for smoking initiation and maintenance among Aboriginal Australian young people were identified as stress, social influence and boredom. Motivators for quitting were identified as pregnancy and/or children, sporting performance (males only), cost issues and, to a lesser extent, health reasons. The barriers to cessation were identified as social influence, the perception of quitting as a distant event and reluctance to access cessation support. However, it appears that social influences and stress were particularly salient contributors to smoking maintenance among Aboriginal Australian young people. Smoking cessation interventions targeted at young urban Aboriginal Australian smokers should aim to build motivation to quit by utilising the motivators of pregnancy and/or children, sporting performance (males only), cost issues and, to a lesser extent, health reasons, while acknowledging the pertinent role of social influence and stress in the lives of young urban Aboriginal Australian smokers.

  1. Ecological momentary assessment of antecedents and consequences of smoking in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, John T; Dennis, Michelle F; English, Joseph S; Dennis, Paul A; Brightwood, Amy; Beckham, Jean C; Kollins, Scott H

    2014-09-01

    The current study assessed antecedents and consequences of ad lib cigarette smoking in smokers diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Adult smokers with ADHD (n = 17) completed 870 smoking and 622 nonsmoking electronic diary entries over a 7-day observation period of their naturalistic smoking behavior. Data collection occurred from 2011 to 2012. Generalized estimating equations indicated that ADHD smokers were more likely to smoke when urge to smoke, negative affect, boredom, stress, worry, and restlessness were elevated. In addition, participants were more likely to smoke in situations that elicited higher levels of nervousness and frustration. ADHD symptoms, in general, did not differ between smoking and nonsmoking contexts, though hyperactive-impulsive ADHD symptoms were elevated prior to smoking in frustrating situations. Additional situational antecedent variables were associated with smoking, including being in the presence of others smoking, being in a bar or restaurant, while outside, and while consuming caffeinated or alcoholic beverages. Participants also reported a significant improvement in urge to smoke, negative affect, stress, hunger, and ADHD symptoms after smoking a cigarette. Findings suggest certain contextual factors that may maintain ad lib cigarette smoking in smokers with ADHD and identify potential treatment targets in smoking cessation interventions for this at-risk group. Clinical implications and future research directions are discussed. Funding for this study was provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

  2. Externalizing personality traits, empathy, and gray matter volume in healthy young drinkers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charpentier, Judith; Dzemidzic, Mario; West, John; Oberlin, Brandon G; Eiler, William J A; Saykin, Andrew J; Kareken, David A

    2016-02-28

    Externalizing psychopathology has been linked to prefrontal abnormalities. While clinically diagnosed subjects show altered frontal gray matter, it is unknown if similar deficits relate to externalizing traits in non-clinical populations. We used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to retrospectively analyze the cerebral gray matter volume of 176 young adult social to heavy drinkers (mean age=24.0±2.9, male=83.5%) from studies of alcoholism risk. We hypothesized that prefrontal gray matter volume and externalizing traits would be correlated. Externalizing personality trait components-Boredom Susceptibility-Impulsivity (BS/IMP) and Empathy/Low Antisocial Behaviors (EMP/LASB)-were tested for correlations with gray matter partial volume estimates (gmPVE). Significantly large clusters (pFWEEMP/LASB in dorsolateral and medial prefrontal regions, and in occipital cortex. BS/IMP did not correlate with gmPVE, but one scale of impulsivity (Eysenck I7) correlated positively with bilateral inferior frontal/orbitofrontal, and anterior insula gmPVE. In this large sample of community-dwelling young adults, antisocial behavior/low empathy corresponded with reduced prefrontal and occipital gray matter, while impulsivity correlated with increased inferior frontal and anterior insula cortical volume. These findings add to a literature indicating that externalizing personality features involve altered frontal architecture. PMID:26778367

  3. Walking facilitates positive affect (even when expecting the opposite).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jeffrey Conrath; Krizan, Zlatan

    2016-08-01

    Across 3 experiments, we rely on theoretical advancements that connect movement, embodiment, and reward-seeking behavior to test the proposal that walking incidental to routine activity (heretofore referred to as "incidental ambulation")-not specifically "exercise"-is a robust facilitator of positive affect. Experiment 1 reveals that ambulation facilitates positive affect even when participants are blind to the purpose of this activity. Experiment 2 further demonstrates the robustness of this effect of incidental ambulation by documenting its operation under conditions of low interest, as well as its power to override expectations of mood worsening. Experiment 3 replicates the main finding while eliminating the possibility that posture, ambient events, or experimenter bias account for the results. Taken together, the experiments demonstrate that incidental ambulation systematically promotes positive affect regardless of the focus on such movement, and that it can override the effects of other emotionally relevant events such as boredom and dread. The findings hold key implications for understanding the role of movement in shaping affect as well as for clarifying the embodied nature of emotion. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27100368

  4. Multiresolution analysis (discrete wavelet transform) through Daubechies family for emotion recognition in speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campo, D.; Quintero, O. L.; Bastidas, M.

    2016-04-01

    We propose a study of the mathematical properties of voice as an audio signal. This work includes signals in which the channel conditions are not ideal for emotion recognition. Multiresolution analysis- discrete wavelet transform – was performed through the use of Daubechies Wavelet Family (Db1-Haar, Db6, Db8, Db10) allowing the decomposition of the initial audio signal into sets of coefficients on which a set of features was extracted and analyzed statistically in order to differentiate emotional states. ANNs proved to be a system that allows an appropriate classification of such states. This study shows that the extracted features using wavelet decomposition are enough to analyze and extract emotional content in audio signals presenting a high accuracy rate in classification of emotional states without the need to use other kinds of classical frequency-time features. Accordingly, this paper seeks to characterize mathematically the six basic emotions in humans: boredom, disgust, happiness, anxiety, anger and sadness, also included the neutrality, for a total of seven states to identify.

  5. Students' Perceptions and Emotions Toward Learning in a Flipped General Science Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Jin Su; González-Gómez, David; Cañada-Cañada, Florentina

    2016-10-01

    Recently, the inverted instruction methodologies are gaining attentions in higher educations by claiming that flipping the classroom engages more effectively students with the learning process. Besides, students' perceptions and emotions involved in their learning process must be assessed in order to gauge the usability of this relatively new instruction methodology, since it is vital in the educational formation. For this reason, this study intends to evaluate the students' perceptions and emotions when a flipped classroom setting is used as instruction methodology. This research was conducted in a general science course, sophomore of the Primary Education bachelor degree in the Training Teaching School of the University of Extremadura (Spain). The results show that the students have the overall positive perceptions to a flipped classroom setting. Particularly, over 80 % of them considered that the course was a valuable learning experience. They also found this course more interactive and were willing to have more courses following a flipped model. According to the students' emotions toward a flipped classroom course, the highest scores were given to the positive emotions, being fun and enthusiasm along with keyword frequency test. Then, the lowest scores were corresponded to negative emotions, being boredom and fear. Therefore, the students attending to a flipped course demonstrated to have more positive and less negative emotions. The results obtained in this study allow drawing a promising tendency about the students' perceptions and emotions toward the flipped classroom methodology and will contribute to fully frame this relatively new instruction methodology.

  6. The Benefit of Pets and Animal-Assisted Therapy to the Health of Older Individuals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Paul Cherniack

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Many studies utilizing dogs, cats, birds, fish, and robotic simulations of animals have tried to ascertain the health benefits of pet ownership or animal-assisted therapy in the elderly. Several small unblinded investigations outlined improvements in behavior in demented persons given treatment in the presence of animals. Studies piloting the use of animals in the treatment of depression and schizophrenia have yielded mixed results. Animals may provide intangible benefits to the mental health of older persons, such as relief social isolation and boredom, but these have not been formally studied. Several investigations of the effect of pets on physical health suggest animals can lower blood pressure, and dog walkers partake in more physical activity. Dog walking, in epidemiological studies and few preliminary trials, is associated with lower complication risk among patients with cardiovascular disease. Pets may also have harms: they may be expensive to care for, and their owners are more likely to fall. Theoretically, zoonotic infections and bites can occur, but how often this occurs in the context of pet ownership or animal-assisted therapy is unknown. Despite the poor methodological quality of pet research after decades of study, pet ownership and animal-assisted therapy are likely to continue due to positive subjective feelings many people have toward animals.

  7. Metazoa Ludens: Mixed Reality Interaction and Play Between Humans and Animals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheok, Adrian David

    Although animals and pets are so important for families and society, in modern urban lifestyles we can spend little time with our animal friends. Interactive media should be aimed to enhance not only human-to-human communication, but also human-to-animal communication. Thus, we promote a new type of inter-species media interaction which allows human users to interact and play with their small pet friends (in this case hamsters) remotely via the Internet through a mixed reality based game system “Metazoa Ludens”. We scientifically examined the effectiveness of this system in a two-pronged approach. Firstly and most importantly, the positive effects to the hamsters were ensured using Body Condition Score study. Secondly, the method of Duncan was used to assess the strength of preference of the hamsters towards Metazoa Ludens. Lastly, the effectiveness of this remote interaction with respect to the human users as a interactive gaming system with their pets/friends (hamsters) was examined based on Csikszentmihalyi's (Beyond boredom and anxiety, 1975) Flow theory. The results of both studies inform of positive remote interaction between human users and their pet friends using our research system. This research is not aimed just at providing specific experimental results on the implemented research system, but is aimed as a wider lesson for human-to-animal interactive media. Thus also the lessons learned are extrapolated and detailed in this chapter as a framework in general for human-to-animal interaction systems.

  8. Konstruksi Makna Smartphone bagi Mahasiswa Jurusan Marketing Komunikasi di Universitas Bina Nusantara Jakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferane Aristrivani Sofian

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Most Marketing Communication students are smartphone users. The students, either consciously or not, would prefer to use his/her smartphone rather than socializing with other people around. Even when in class during lectures, until it often leads to conflict between lecturer and students. In connection with the meaning, everyone will behave towards something based on the meaning of that something in his mind. Thus, this study would like to try to answer what the meaning of the smartphone for Marketing Communication students is; why they use a smartphone when lectures take place; and what their opinion in wisefully using of their smartphones. This study used a qualitative research system with a descriptive case study method. Through observation and in-depth interviews of nine informants can be seen that the meaning of a smartphone for students is as practical communication medium for sharing information and the necessities of life; teaching methods oflecturer are less attractive, boredom, always wanted to connect anytime, anywhere with friends or family, addicted to smartphones are reasons why students always want to use smartphones in class when the lecture takes place; and the wise use of smartphones by students is at the right time, do not harm others and for positive things.

  9. Accuracy and Consistency of Grass Pollen Identification by Human Analysts Using Electron Micrographs of Surface Ornamentation

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    Luke Mander

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Premise of the study: Humans frequently identify pollen grains at a taxonomic rank above species. Grass pollen is a classic case of this situation, which has led to the development of computational methods for identifying grass pollen species. This paper aims to provide context for these computational methods by quantifying the accuracy and consistency of human identification. Methods: We measured the ability of nine human analysts to identify 12 species of grass pollen using scanning electron microscopy images. These are the same images that were used in computational identifications. We have measured the coverage, accuracy, and consistency of each analyst, and investigated their ability to recognize duplicate images. Results: Coverage ranged from 87.5% to 100%. Mean identification accuracy ranged from 46.67% to 87.5%. The identification consistency of each analyst ranged from 32.5% to 87.5%, and each of the nine analysts produced considerably different identification schemes. The proportion of duplicate image pairs that were missed ranged from 6.25% to 58.33%. Discussion: The identification errors made by each analyst, which result in a decline in accuracy and consistency, are likely related to psychological factors such as the limited capacity of human memory, fatigue and boredom, recency effects, and positivity bias.

  10. Determinants of daily smoking in Turkish young adults in the Netherlands

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    Verhulst Frank C

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background As little is known about the determinants of smoking in large ethnic minorities in the Netherlands and other Western European countries, we studied the determinants of smoking young adult offspring of Turkish migrants to the Netherlands. Methods Cross-sectional survey of 439 Turkish adults (18–28 y in 2003. Smokers were compared with never smokers for five groups of determinants: demographic and socioeconomic factors, behavioral and emotional problems, psychosocial factors, and cultural factors. Associations were measured by prevalence rate ratios. Results Prevalences for men were 51% for daily smoking, 12% for former smoking, and 38% for never smoking. For women they were 44%, 11%, and 47%, respectively. Without adjustment for other determinants, higher prevalence was associated with: emotional problems, boredom, life events, and being male; and, specifically among women, with low self-esteem and having children. The strongest determinants of daily smoking In multivariate models were alcohol use and demographic and socio-economic factors. Of the cultural factors only strong Muslim identification was associated with lower smoking prevalence. Conclusion The high prevalence of smoking warrants action. Many of the well-known determinants of smoking in Western countries were also important among young adults from ethnic minorities. Women with children and people of a low educational level deserve special attention.

  11. 提高英语听力教学的有效方法%An Effective Approach to Improving in the Teaching of Listening

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李立雄

    2005-01-01

    Traditional listening teaching is dull and unable to help students improve their listening ability. They have associated listening courses with pain and boredom, they often complain that they benefit little from listening lesson. With the time passing by, they have no interest in learning English. This article aims to discuss the problems confronted by teachers in traditional listening classroom and give a brief introduce to an approach to improving the teaching of listening by incorporating pre-listening,while-listening and post-listening into an integrated listening.%传统的听力教学比较单一,它是一种使学生"为听而听"的定势,这样做,收效甚微,不能提高学生的听力能力,他们觉得英语听力课枯燥乏味,产生受挫感,久而久之,便失去了学习兴趣.本文讨论了教师在传统听力教学中遇到的问题,同时探讨了怎样在英语听力课堂上把"听的准备","听的过程"和"听之后"这三个步骤有机结合起来,有效地提高学生的英语听力水平.

  12. Effect of (social) media on the political figure fever model: Jokowi-fever model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yong, Benny; Samat, Nor Azah

    2016-02-01

    In recent years, political figures begin to utilize social media as one of alternative to engage in communication with their supporters. Publics referred to Jokowi, one of the candidates in Indonesia presidential election in 2014, as the first politician in Indonesia to truly understand the power of social media. Social media is very important in shaping public opinion. In this paper, effect of social media on the Jokowi-fever model in a closed population will be discussed. Supporter population is divided into three class sub-population, i.e susceptible supporters, Jokowi infected supporters, and recovered supporters. For case no positive media, there are two equilibrium points; the Jokowi-fever free equilibrium point in which it locally stable if basic reproductive ratio less than one and the Jokowi-fever endemic equilibrium point in which it locally stable if basic reproductive ratio greater than one. For case no negative media, there is only the Jokowi-fever endemic equilibrium point in which it locally stable if the condition is satisfied. Generally, for case positive media proportion is positive, there is no Jokowi-fever free equilibrium point. The numerical result shows that social media gives significantly effect on Jokowi-fever model, a sharp increase or a sharp decrease in the number of Jokowi infected supporters. It is also shown that the boredom rate is one of the sensitive parameters in the Jokowi-fever model; it affects the number of Jokowi infected supporters.

  13. Game elements improve performance in a working memory training task

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    Manuel Ninaus

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The utilization of game elements in a non-game context is currently used in a vast range of different domains. However, research on game elements’ effects in cognitive tasks is still sparse. Thus, in this study we implemented three game elements, namely, progress bar, level indicator, and a thematic setting, in a working memory training task. We evaluated the impact of game elements on user performance and perceived state of flow when compared to a conventional version of the task. Participants interacting with game elements showed higher scores in the working memory training task than participants from a control group who completed the working memory training task without the game elements. Moreover, game elements facilitated the individuals’ performance closer to their maximum working memory capacity. Finally, the perceived flow did not differ between the two groups, which indicates that game elements can induce better performance without changing the perception of being “in the zone”, that is without an increase in anxiety or boredom. This empirical study indicates that certain game elements can improve the performance and efficiency in a working memory task by increasing users’ ability and willingness to train at their optimal performance level. 

  14. The Glass Half Empty: How Emotional Exhaustion Affects the State-Trait Discrepancy in Self-Reports of Teaching Emotions.

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    Thomas Goetz

    Full Text Available Following from previous research on intensity bias and the accessibility model of emotional self-report, the present study examined the role of emotional exhaustion in explaining the discrepancy in teachers' reports of their trait (habitual versus state (momentary, "real" emotions. Trait reports (habitual emotions, exhaustion were assessed via trait questionnaires, and state reports (momentary emotions were assessed in real time via the experience sampling method by using personal digital assistants (N = 69 high school teachers; 1,089 measures within teachers. In line with our assumptions, multi-level analyses showed that, as compared to the state assessment, teachers reported higher levels of habitual teaching-related emotions of anger, anxiety, shame, boredom, enjoyment, and pride. Additionally, the state-trait discrepancy in self-reports of negative emotions was accounted for by teachers' emotional exhaustion, with high exhaustion levels corresponding with a greater state-trait discrepancy. Exhaustion levels did not moderate the state-trait discrepancy in positive emotions indicating that perceived emotional exhaustion may reflect identity-related cognitions specific to the negative belief system. Implications for research and educational practice are discussed.

  15. The Glass Half Empty: How Emotional Exhaustion Affects the State-Trait Discrepancy in Self-Reports of Teaching Emotions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetz, Thomas; Becker, Eva S.; Bieg, Madeleine; Keller, Melanie M.; Frenzel, Anne C.; Hall, Nathan C.

    2015-01-01

    Following from previous research on intensity bias and the accessibility model of emotional self-report, the present study examined the role of emotional exhaustion in explaining the discrepancy in teachers’ reports of their trait (habitual) versus state (momentary, “real”) emotions. Trait reports (habitual emotions, exhaustion) were assessed via trait questionnaires, and state reports (momentary emotions) were assessed in real time via the experience sampling method by using personal digital assistants (N = 69 high school teachers; 1,089 measures within teachers). In line with our assumptions, multi-level analyses showed that, as compared to the state assessment, teachers reported higher levels of habitual teaching-related emotions of anger, anxiety, shame, boredom, enjoyment, and pride. Additionally, the state-trait discrepancy in self-reports of negative emotions was accounted for by teachers’ emotional exhaustion, with high exhaustion levels corresponding with a greater state-trait discrepancy. Exhaustion levels did not moderate the state-trait discrepancy in positive emotions indicating that perceived emotional exhaustion may reflect identity-related cognitions specific to the negative belief system. Implications for research and educational practice are discussed. PMID:26368911

  16. Risk factors for work-related injuries among university student employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ou, Judy; Thygerson, Steven M

    2012-01-01

    This study identified contributing risk factors in the occurrence of work-related injuries among university students employed at a single university. Four hundred seventy-six student employees completed the survey in March 2010. The majority of respondents were female (66%) and the average age of all respondents was 20.7 yr. A pre-validated survey instrument was taken from the Youth Employment and School Study (YESS) and contained scales for the risk factors of interest. Results show significant differences in the amount of work-school conflict, boredom, workplace hazards, and workload between injured and non-injured groups. Odds ratios show that physical hazards and heavy workload have a significant two-fold increase on the likelihood of 1-3 injuries (OR=1.80, 1.09-3.00; OR=1.72, 1.12-2.60), and a 2 to 3 fold increase in 4 or more injuries (OR=2.94, 1.65-5.24; OR=2.34,1.51-3.64). Good supervisor relations appear to reduce injury risk (OR=0.48, 0.25-0.91; OR=0.59, 0.32-1.09). Reducing workload stress, teaching students how to manage the workload, reducing exposure to physical hazards, and providing examples of standard work practices may reduce the number of injuries seen in the population. PMID:22878354

  17. EXAMINATION OF TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN

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    Filiz ARSLAN

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Television has powerful effects on children. Howewer TV gives positive messages to children it also can cause children to be inactive and prevent their creative play activities. In this study, it was aimed at to determine the television viewing habits of school age children between 6–12 years old. That Cross-sectional type study has been conducted on 100 students who were selected with stratified randomised sampling method according to sex, age and class among 492 students who were taken education from first step of the Ankara-Cigiltepe Primary Education School. Mean age of school age children who were involved in study was 9.1±1.5. It was detemined that 43% of children (n=43 were watching TV more than 3 hours a day, 54% of them were watching TV to relieve their boredom and 48% of them were watching TV because they like watching. When the spare time activities of children were examined it was determined that they were spending their time by playing and making sportive activities with the highest rate (n=95, 26.1%, and television viewing was in the third order (n=61, 17.3%. In this study, it was determined that most of the children were watching TV under the offered time, children whose mother were not working were watching TV for longer time, and TV watching time of the children were increasing with increasing age. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2006; 5(6.000: 391-401

  18. Behavioural distinction between strategic control and spatial realignment during visuomotor adaptation in a viewing window task.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane M Lawrence-Dewar

    Full Text Available We must frequently adapt our movements in order to successfully perform motor tasks. These visuomotor adaptations can occur with or without our awareness and so, have generally been described by two mechanisms: strategic control and spatial realignment. Strategic control is a conscious modification used when discordance between an intended and actual movement is observed. Spatial realignment is an unconscious recalibration in response to subtle differences between an intended and efferent movement. Traditional methods of investigating visuomotor adaptation often involve simplistic, repetitive motor goals and so may be vulnerable to subject boredom or expectation. Our laboratory has recently developed a novel, engaging computer-based task, the Viewing Window, to investigate visuomotor adaptation to large, apparent distortions. Here, we contrast behavioural measures of visuomotor adaptation during the Viewing Window task when either gradual progressive rotations or large, sudden rotations are introduced in order to demonstrate that this paradigm can be utilized to investigate both strategic control and spatial realignment. The gradual rotation group demonstrated significantly faster mean velocities and spent significantly less time off the object compared to the sudden rotation group. These differences demonstrate adaptation to the distortion using spatial realignment. Scan paths revealed greater after-effects in the gradual rotation group reflected by greater time spent scanning areas off of the object. These results demonstrate the ability to investigate both strategic control and spatial realignment. Thus, the Viewing Window provides a powerful engaging tool for investigating the neural basis of visuomotor adaptation and impairment following injury and disease.

  19. 电子信息类专业英语教学反思与探索%Reflection and Exploration of Professional English Teaching ;for Electronic and Information Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董蓉; 张小美

    2015-01-01

    首先揭露现有电子信息类专业英语教学存在的教学内容简单重复、教学模式枯燥乏味、教学师资薄弱断层等问题,然后在阐述“以学习者为中心”的教育理论基础上,从教学内容甄别、教学模式选择、师资力量培养等方面给出实施“以学习者为中心”的专业英语教学的具体策略方案。%In this paper, ifrstly, existing problems in current profe-ssional English teaching are revealed, including the simpleness and repetition of courses contents, the boredom and tediousness of education models and the weakness and fault age of teacher resources. Then, based on the exposition of the education theory of learner-centered teaching, specific strategies and solutions for implementing learner-centered teaching for professional English are presented, including discrimination of courses contents, selection of teaching models and training of teachers.

  20. Determinants of Alcohol Consumption of University Student-Athletes: The Case of University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.G. Rintaugu

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Alcohol consumption among university student athletes is a global health issue attracting attention from different stakeholders. The purpose of this study was to establish the determinants of alcohol consumption among university-student-athletes in Kenya. It was hypothesized that the reasons and consequences of alcohol consumption are sport- related are mediated by selected demographic factors and Parental Social Economic status (SES. Data was collected through self-administered questionnaires from 146 subjects (102, 69.9% males and (44, 30.1% females. Resulting data was analyzed thorough chi-square and independent t-test. Findings indicated that student athletes consume alcohol due to relaxation (82.2%, overcoming of boredom (66.4% student-athletes. The consequences of alcohol consumption reported were mainly behavior offending others (32.6%, damaged friendships (29.6% and poor academic performance (26%. However both reasons and consequences of alcohol consumption could not be determined by the selected demographic factors and parental SES with the exception of the place of residence (neighborhood. It is recommended that trainers/coaches need to sensitize the student-athletes’ on their vulnerability to risks associated with alcohol consumption. Intervention measures and procedures to address alcohol consumption should be multi-faceted and involve sport psychologists and counselors. Future studies should be conducted with high school and elite athletes.

  1. Analysis of Mental Health and Coping Strategies for Counselor in Independent College%独立学院辅导员的心理健康与调适策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈凤梅

    2014-01-01

    心理厌烦与疲劳、心理焦虑与迷茫以及心理挫败与自卑是目前独立学院辅导员普遍存在的心理问题,文章较为深入的分析了造成辅导员这些心理问题的原因,也为此提出从辅导员自身、学校和社会三个层面的调适策略来应对心理健康所存在的问题。%Mental boredom and fatigue 、psychological anxiety and confusion ,psychological frustration and low self -esteem is an independent college counselor common psychological problems at present .It has an in -depth analysis of the causes of these psychological problems counselors in this article ,in order to deal with the problems of mental health ,three levels about their counselors 、school and social of adaptation strategies have been put forth .

  2. Quality of interactions influences everyday life in psychiatric inpatient care—patients’ perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Molin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Everyday life consists of daily activities that are taken for granted. It forms the foundation for human efforts and contains elements of both comfort and boredom. Because everyday life escapes no one, life in a psychiatric ward will become ordinary while staying there. This study aims to explore everyday life in psychiatric inpatient care based on patients’ experiences. We individually interviewed 16 participants with experiences of psychiatric inpatient care and analysed the data in accordance with the methods of grounded theory. Data collection and analysis continued in parallel in accordance with the method. Our results showed that everyday life is linked to the core category quality of interactions influences everyday life, and three constructed categories—staff makes the difference, looking for shelter in a stigmatizing environment, and facing a confusing care content—were related to the core category. Our results highlight the importance of ordinary relationships between staff and patients in psychiatric inpatient care. These results can be used to develop nursing interventions to improve psychiatric inpatient care and might also be used as a basis for reflective dialogues among staff.

  3. 莎菲形象新解:反对自己的现代女性%Safi’s New Interpretation:Against Their Own Modern Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管兴平; 刘铮

    2015-01-01

    莎菲的苦闷和感伤,在19世纪20年代末的时代背景下,意味深长:一方面,其切合了“五四”退潮后的青年情绪,使得时间现场后移;另一方面,在左翼文学兴起前的时代,莎菲却并无革命的激情。从现代性开端的时空点来看,莎菲的反对自己和最终逃离之举,正是其追寻爱与美的结果。这导致了其爱的迷狂。%Safi’s boredom and sadness appear to be meaningful in the late 1920’s background.On one hand,in line with the youth’s mood after “May 4th”movement,makes the scene after the shift.On the other hand,in the era before the rise of the left wing literature,Safi has no revolutionary enthusiasm.From the point of view in the beginning of modernity,Safi’s opposition to himself and the ultimate escape from the move is the result of his pursuit of love and beauty,which leads to the madness of love.

  4. 举例巧解化学教学中的疑点%How to Work out the Questionable and Difficult Points by Giving Examples in Chemistry Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严铁宁

    2012-01-01

    以课堂讲授为切入点,对化学教材中常见的一些疑难知识进行通俗性、普遍性、实用性举例,使学生从化学难懂、易错、枯燥的怪圈中解脱出来.克服了教材中偏深、偏难、超纲的一些化学内容,用宏观的例子去理解微观的化学知识,用简单的生活例子去化解复杂的化学知识点.学生易懂、易学、易记,从而提高学习兴趣.%This paper tries to analyze the teaching methods of how to work out the questionable and difficult points by giving examples in chemistry teaching. The popular and practical examples are given to solve the difficult points in the teaching materials, and thus students can extricate themselves from the difficulty, fallibility, and boredom of chemistry perplexity. Furthermore, the abstract, difficult, and teaching-program-exceeding contents in the textbooks are discarded, while macroscopical examples are adopted to help understand the microscopical chemistry knowledge, and simple examples in daily life are given to help understand the complex points. By using the teaching methods of giving examples, students' learning interests increase greatly, and they can better understand, leam and remember the knowledge.

  5. Television and eating: Repetition enhances food intake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utsa eMathur

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Some studies find that eating with TV increases food intake while others do not. Some of this variability may reflect the engagingness of what is being watched (i.e., content. To test this we varied engagingness by manipulating content familiarity. Female participants undertook two sessions. In the ‘Different’ session they watched two different episodes of the comedy Friends, with snack food presented during the second episode. In the ‘Same’ session they viewed another episode of Friends twice in succession, with snack food presented during the second repeat showing. The three episodes of Friends used here were fully counterbalanced, so overall the only difference between the ‘Same’ and ‘Different’ sessions was whether the content of the second show was familiar or novel. As expected, 14% less was eaten in the ‘Different’ session, suggesting that novel and presumably more engaging content can reduce intake relative to watching familiar and presumably less engaging content. These findings are consistent with the idea that the engagingness of TV can differentially affect food intake, although boredom or irritability resulting from repeat viewing might also explain this effect.

  6. 大学生英语学习中的心理障碍及其化解%Getting Rid of Mental Obstacles to English learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰苑

    2011-01-01

    良好的心理状态是大学生学好英语的关键所在。一些大学生在学习英语的过程中往往存在着各种心理障碍,如忽视心理、厌烦心理、依赖心理等,使其不能达到最佳的学习效果。实践中,大学生要想很好地掌握英语这门语言,就必须通过其自身的不懈努力和教师的正确引导来化解他们在英语学习过程中的心理障碍,以达到最佳的英语学习的效果。%A good mental state is the crux of learning English well.But in learning English,some college students have neglect,boredom and dependence mentalities,which constitute obstacles to English learning.And these obstacles seriously affect their mastering the language.Consequently,in order to master the language,students must get rid of the above-mentioned mental obstacles by exerting themselves unremittingly,and under the correct guidance of the teacher.

  7. DIGANTAR IN INDIA: A CASE STUDY FOR JOYFUL LEARNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VANITA CHOPRA

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The hearts and minds of children and young adults are wide open to the wonders of learning and the fascinating complexities of life. The school has to provide for all these experiences. However, this experience of ‘going to school’ destroys children’s spirit to learn, their sense of wonder, their curiosity about the world, and their willingness to care for the human condition. After finding an ‘extraordinary sameness’ in our schools, Goodlad (1984 wrote, “Boredom is a disease of epidemic proportions. … Why are our schools not places of joy?” (p 242 As educators, we have the responsibility to educate and inspire the whole child - mind, heart, and soul and put more joy into students’ experience of going to school and get more joy out of working inside one. It is rightly said that joyful learning can flourish in school - if you give joy a chance. This paper discusses the example of Digantar schools as a case study of alternative schooling for joyful learning.

  8. 复习课同样精彩——浅谈小学英语复习课的实践与探索%Reviewing Lessons are also ExcellentOn the Practice and Exploration on Primary School English Reviewing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴岚

    2012-01-01

    要改变以往英语复习课死记硬背、题海战术的方法,消除学生对复习的厌烦心理,通过创设宽松和谐的教学氛围、让学生感受成功的喜悦、精心设计复习活动上好复习课这三个环节,来激发学生的复习兴趣,让学生在愉悦地气氛中巩固已学知识并能收获成功的喜悦。%To change the English recitation by rote in the past, the sea tactical methods to eliminate the boredom of the stu dents on the review of psychological, by creating a relaxed and harmonious atmosphere of teaching, enable students to ex perience the joy of success, and review activities designed Shanghao recitation of these three links to stimulate students' in terest in review, to enable students to consolidate knowledge and success in the pleasant atmosphere of joy.

  9. 运用趣味案例提升程序设计教学效果的办法分析%Analysis on Teaching Effect of the Program Design by Using the Case of Interest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵洪辉

    2015-01-01

    There are not enough periods for much more theoretical knowledge and complicated algorithmic thinking in the teaching of Algorithmic Thinking and Programming in senior high school,which provokes boredom and fear of difficulty in most students.The paper uses interesting cases to motivate students to learn and master such knowledge in a relaxed mood,gradually deepening their understanding of the abstract theoretical knowledge and appreciating the charm of programming. Hence student's algorithmic thinking will be cultivated and their creativity will be enhanced.%高中信息技术选修《算法与程序设计》教学,因为课时较少,理论知识较多,算法思想复杂,学生容易产枯燥、乏味、畏难的心理.文章灵活地采用趣味性案例,从简单易做到逐渐深入,调动学生以积极、探索、轻松的心情去学习与掌握相关的知识,感受程序设计的魅力,以此建立与培养学生的算法思想,增强学生的创新能力,提高课堂教学的效果.

  10. Connotative Feature Extraction For Movie Recommendation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. G. Meshram

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available It is difficult to assess the emotions subject to the emotional responses to the content of the film by exploring the film connotative properties. Connotation is used to represent the emotions described by the audiovisual descriptors so that it predicts the emotional reaction of user. The connotative features can be used for the recommendation of movies. There are various methodologies for the recommendation of movies. This paper gives comparative analysis of some of these methods. This paper introduces some of the audio features that can be useful in the analysis of the emotions represented in the movie scenes. The video features can be mapped with emotions. This paper provides methodology for mapping audio features with some emotional states such as happiness, sleepiness, excitement, sadness, relaxation, anger, distress, fear, tension, boredom, comedy and fight. In this paper movie’s audio is used for connotative feature extraction which is extended to recognize emotions. This paper also provides comparative analysis of some of the methods that can be used for the recommendation of movies based on user’s emotions.

  11. What Is The Proximate Cause Of Begging Behaviour In A Group Of Captive Asian Short-Clawed Otters?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gothard Nicola

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to ascertain the proximate cause of ‘begging’ behaviour in a group of captive Asian short-clawed otters (Aonyx cinereus. Two alternative hypotheses were tested by manipulating aspects of husbandry in three experimental conditions. Condition 1 served as a baseline for comparison. In Condition 2 meal worms and crickets were provided every hour to stimulate natural foraging and hunting behaviour and alleviate boredom. During Condition 3 the food allowance was increased by 7.5% of the otters’ body weight and they were fed every hour to more accurately represent their natural foraging ecology. The results show that both Condition 2 and Condition 3 reduced ‘begging’ behaviour, however the reduction was significantly greater in Condition 3. Thus indicating that the main cause of ‘begging’ behaviour was hunger, however lack of stimulation is also likely to be a contributing factor. Inconsistency in feeding times might have contributed to the ‘begging’ problem as well, although a further long-term study is needed to determine the extent to which this is a factor. Some recommendations for changing aspects of husbandry and diet are provided

  12. 浅析图形设计中结构的秩序感与视觉形态的表现性%Analysis of Expressivity of Order Sense and Visual Form of Structure in Graphic Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩珊珊

    2012-01-01

    将平面视觉设计的组织结构形式根据其构成特点分为了“常规秩序”与“非常规秩序”.当对一种“秩序”的追求到达极致甚至使人产生厌烦时,便需要另外一种“秩序”采进行调节.这种不同归因于社会的发展和人们审美趣味的变化,正是由于这种变化造就了历史上具有形形色色组织结构形式的艺术作品,这些作品通过其自身结构的表现性,诉说着其对于历史的见证.%The organization structure of plane visual design can be divided into "normative order" and "unconventional order", according to its characteristics of constituent. When the pursuit of an "order" reaches the ultimate or even engenders boredom, we need another kind of "order" to adjust. This difference is attributed to social development and changing in people's aesthetic tastes, and historical works of art with various forms of organization structure because of the change. Theses works present the history through the expressivity of their structure.

  13. Heart Rate Variability (HRV biofeedback: A new training approach for operator’s performance enhancement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Auditya Purwandini Sutarto

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The widespread implementation of advanced and complex systems requires predominantly operators’ cognitive functions and less importance of human manual control. On the other hand, most operators perform their cognitive functions below their peak cognitive capacity level due to fatigue, stress, and boredom. Thus, there is a need to improve their cognitive functions during work. The goal of this paper is to present a psychophysiology training approach derived from cardiovascular response named heart rate variability (HRV biofeedback. Description of resonant frequency biofeedback - a specific HRV training protocol - is discussed as well as its supported researches for the performance enhancement. HRV biofeedback training works by teaching people to recognize their involuntary HRV and to control patterns of this physiological response. The training is directed to increase HRV amplitude that promotes autonomic nervous system balance. This balance is associated with improved physiological functioning as well as psychological benefits. Most individuals can learn HRV biofeedback training easily which involves slowing the breathing rate (around six breaths/min to each individual’s resonant frequency at which the amplitude of HRV is maximized. Maximal control over HRV can be obtained in most people after approximately four sessions of training. Recent studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of HRV biofeedback to the improvement of some cognitive functions in both simulated and real industrial operators.

  14. Cardiovascular responses during deep water running versus shallow water running in school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anerao Urja M, Shinde Nisha K, Khatri SM

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Overview: As the school going children especially the adolescents’ need workout routine; it is advisable that the routine is imbibed in the school’s class time table. In India as growing number of schools provide swimming as one of the recreational activities; school staff often fails to notice the boredom that is caused by the same activity. Deep as well as shallow water running can be one of the best alternatives to swimming. Hence the present study was conducted to find out the cardiovascular response in these individuals. Methods: This was a Prospective Cross-Sectional Comparative Study done in 72 healthy school going students (males grouped into 2 according to the interventions (Deep water running and Shallow water running. Cardiovascular parameters such as Heart rate (HR, Saturation of oxygen (SpO2, Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max and Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE were assessed. Results: Significant improvements in cardiovascular parameters were seen in both the groups i.e. by both the interventions. Conclusion: Deep water running and Shallow water running can be used to improve cardiac function in terms of various outcome measures used in the study.

  15. BATTLES IN BRITAIN AND THEIR POLITICAL BACKGROUND, 1066-1746

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Van der Waag

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available William Seymour has produced the field guide to British battlefields for which military historians and battlefield tramplers have been waiting. Battles in Britain is a detailed account of thirty-two major battles fought on British soil from the Norse invasion under King Harold Hardrada (September 1066 through to the second Jacobite insurrection (1746. Every campaign, battle or action is skilfully analysed and the combat circumstances of each case are vividly recreated. Special attention is given to strategy, tactics and the principles of war - the professed focus of the book. The discussion is in most instances familiar: the use of interior lines by Harold Godwinson in 1066 and again by the Roundheads during the English Civil War; the successful usage of a Fabian strategy by the Scots in their wars against the English, and their often suffering defeat when pursuing a combat strategy. While most similar works stop here, Seymour goes further. He not only attempts to describe the emotions of the men (fear, boredom, weariness, despair, defiance and exhilaration, but also sets each battle against the political and historical background of the time. Seymour addresses not only the causes for each of the wars, but also the justness of each protagonist's resort to arms. This provision of context, and of the backdrop against which the campaigns and battles took place, is essential.

  16. Lost or Fond? Effects of Nostalgia on Sad Mood Recovery Vary By Attachment Insecurity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Rose Cavanagh

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Nostalgia involves a fond recollection of people and events lost to time. Growing evidence indicates that nostalgia may ameliorate negative affective states such as loneliness and boredom. However, the effect of nostalgia on sadness is unknown, and there is little research on how social connectedness might impact nostalgia’s effects. Grounded in a theoretical framework whereby people with lower levels of attachment insecurity benefit more from nostalgia, we exposed participants to a mortality-related sad mood and then randomly assigned them to reflect on a nostalgic or an ordinary event memory. We examined changes in mood and electrodermal activity and found that nostalgic versus ordinary event memories led to a blunted recovery from sad mood, but that this effect was moderated by degree of attachment insecurity, such that participants with low insecurity benefited from nostalgia whereas people with high insecurity did not. These findings suggest that nostalgia’s benefits may be tied to the degree of confidence one has in one’s social relationships.

  17. 解读池莉小说中的烦恼意识%Interpretation of the awareness of troubles in Chi Li's novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翠雯

    2009-01-01

    Chi Li's "trouble" series of novels represented by "Trouble Life" present with a new technique the realistic and original life of ordinary people in the social changes, set out the circumstances and the survival of modern forms of life, expose the growing desire and strong demand and the resulting boredom and helplessness of modern people, and reveal the essence and the source of trouble. They have profound implications and of considerable warning significance.%池莉以为代表的"烦恼"系列小说,用新写实的笔法为读者展示了社会变迁时期普通民众的原生态生活,勾勒了现代人的生存境况和生命形式,暴露了现代人们日益强烈的欲望和需求及由此而产生的烦恼和无奈,揭示了烦恼的本质和根源,意蕴深刻,具有相当的警示意义.

  18. 高校武术俱乐部运作机制与可持续发展的研究%Study on the Operational Mechanism and Sustainable Development o,f Martial - art Club in Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾瀚民

    2012-01-01

    通过文献资料法、归纳演绎法等对高校武术俱乐部运行机制状况作了研究分析整理,清楚了高校武术俱乐部存在诸多不足,如教学内容空泛、学习兴趣枯燥、经费来源单一等等矛盾,以这些问题为基础提出了相关解决方法,来促进高校武术俱乐部的可持续发展。%This article made a s Ludy on the operational mechanism of martial- art club in colleges through liter- ary research, induction and deduction, thus finding the existing problems, such as the teach!ing boredom, less inter- est and monotonous money sources, etc. This paper put forwards some solutions to ensure Lhe sustainable develop- ment of martial- art club in colleges.

  19. Analysis on Depression as the Initial Symptom of Hepatolenticular Degeneration%分析以抑郁为首发症状的肝豆状核变性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙雅娜; 刘继猛

    2012-01-01

      Objective:To deepen to depression as the initial symptom of hepatolenticular degeneration,reducing the misdiagnosis.Methods:2 cases were collected as the first HLD to depression,summary of their depressive features,and previous studies,comparative analysis.Results:The study of depression was accompanied by significant anxiety depressed mood,and antidepressant drug treatment works quickly turned manic tendencies.Conclusion:Young onset of depression,anxiety,boredom has obvious drug treatment works quickly turned dry tendency characteristic,should consider the possible HLD.%  目的:加深对以抑郁为首发症状的肝豆状核变性(HLD)认识,减少对该病的误诊。方法:收集2例以抑郁为首发的HLD,总结其抑郁的特征性表现,并与以往同类研究对比、分析。结果:本研究中的抑郁均伴有明显焦虑烦闷情绪,且抑郁药物治疗起效快,有转躁倾向。结论:青年起病的抑郁,具有明显的焦虑烦闷、药物治疗起效快有转燥倾向的特征,应该考虑HLD的可能。

  20. The Salient Characteristics of Trained Ineffective Teachers in Secondary Schools in Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hezborn M. N. Kodero

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the salient characteristics of trained ineffective teachers in secondary schools in Kenya. Participants comprised 80 students from eight schools drawn from four provinces in the country. Of the 80 participants, 40 were females and 40 were males. This qualitative research adopted phenomenological design. Two research instruments—a biographical form and a blank sheet of paper—were used in data collection. Content analysis method was used in analyzing the written and nonquantitative data collected. Results of data analysis revealed 20 salient characteristics of trained ineffective teachers in secondary schools. These characteristics are as follows: wastage of students’ time, poor mastery of the subject, source of boredom to students, partial treatment of students, lack of respect for students, low level of self-confidence, poor mastery of teaching skills, emotional immaturity, inappropriate dressing, injurious to students, fond of frivolous talk, miscommunicate in class, poor in providing feedback, nondialogical in class, poor in maintaining discipline, immoral in behavior, unapproachable to students, poor in counseling, poor psychological health, and autocratic to students. The findings of this study may be useful to stakeholders in education in developing instruments that may be used to identify ineffective teachers in schools.

  1. Are the interpersonal and identity disturbances in the borderline personality disorder criteria linked to the traits of affective instability and impulsivity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koenigsberg, H W; Harvey, P D; Mitropoulou, V; New, A S; Goodman, M; Silverman, J; Serby, M; Schopick, F; Siever, L J

    2001-08-01

    This study examines the degree to which two putative biologically influenced personality traits, affective instability and impulsive aggression, are associated with some of the interpersonal and intrapsychic disturbances of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and with choice of defense mechanism. In a sample of 152 personality disorder patients, affective instability and impulsive aggression were measured. Defense mechanisms were assessed in 140 of these patients using the Defensive Style Questionnaire (DSQ). The correlations between the traits of affective instability and impulsive aggression and the eight DSM-III-R criteria for borderline personality disorder and 20 DSQ defenses were examined. Affective instability was significantly correlated with the DSM-III-R criteria of identity disturbance, chronic emptiness or boredom, inappropriate anger, suicidality, and the affective instability criteria. It also was associated with the defenses of splitting, projection, acting out, passive aggression, undoing, and autistic fantasy. Impulsive aggression was related to unstable interpersonal relationships, inappropriate anger and impulsiveness and with the defense of acting out. It was negatively correlated with the defenses of suppression and reaction formation. A number of the interpersonal and experiential disturbances and defense mechanisms that are features of BPD are associated with the traits of affective instability and impulsive aggression among patients with personality disorders. PMID:11556702

  2. Psychogenic epidemics and work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olkinuora, M

    1984-12-01

    Psychogenic epidemics cover various forms of collective behavior and include mass hysteria, mass psychogenic illness, and hysterical contagion for which no physical explanation can be found. The typical course of a psychogenic epidemic at a workplace progresses from sudden onset, often with dramatic symptoms, to a rapidly attained peak that draws much publicity and is followed by quick disappearance of the symptoms. Over 90% of the affected persons are women, and the symptoms range from dizziness, vomiting, nausea, and fainting to epileptic-type seizures, hyperventilation, and skin disorders. The background mechanisms are thought to be generalized beliefs and triggering events which create a sense of threat that leads to a physiological state of arousal. This state, in turn, creates new beliefs which give meaning to the sense of arousal. The new belief spreads through sociometric channels. Predisposing factors include boredom, pressure to produce, physical stressors, poor labor-management relations, and impaired interpersonal communications, and lack of social support. It is important that a thorough investigation be carried out in all instances. Investigation is not only necessary for diagnosis, but it also reassures the management, the employees, and the press that physical factors are unlikely to be responsible for the disease. PMID:6535252

  3. 大学毕业生职业适应性探析%Study of University Graduates' Occupational Aptitude

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建平

    2011-01-01

    职业适应是指个体在职业认知和职业实践的基础上,不断调整和改善自己的观念、态度、习惯、行为和智能结构,与某一特定的职业环境进行相互调整,以克服大学毕业生在新的职业活动中出现的人际关系困惑症、自我迷失症、情绪压抑症、厌职情绪症等职业不适应的症状,达到人职匹配与和谐的过程。%University graduates must constantly adapt their ideas, attitudes, habits, behavior and intelligence structure to given occupational environment so as to improve their occupational aptitude on the basis of their individual occupational knowledge and practice. Good occupational aptitude helps college graduates to get over interpersonal relationship perplexity and bewilderment, and to dispel negative emotions such as depression and boredom.

  4. Historical space psychology: Early terrestrial explorations as Mars analogues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suedfeld, Peter

    2010-03-01

    The simulation and analogue environments used by psychologists to circumvent the difficulties of conducting research in space lack many of the unique characteristics of future explorations, especially the mission to Mars. This paper suggests that appropriate additional analogues would be the multi-year maritime and terrestrial explorations that mapped the surface of the Earth in previous centuries. These, like Mars, often involved a hazardous trek through unknown territory, flanked by extended, dangerous voyages to and from the exploration sites. Characteristic issues included interpersonal relationships under prolonged stress, stretches of boredom interspersed with intense work demands, the impossibility of rescue, resupply, or other help from home, chronic danger, physical discomfort and lack of privacy, and the crucial role of the leader. Illustrative examples of one important factor, leadership style, are discussed. The examination of such expeditions can help to identify the psychological stressors that are likely to be experienced by Mars explorers, and can also indicate countermeasures to reduce the damaging impact of those stressors.

  5. [Borderline personality disorders: diagnosis and treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allilaire, Jean-François

    2012-10-01

    Borderline personality disorders are complex clinical states with highly polymorphic symptoms and signs, leading to delays in their diagnosis and treatment. All international classifications emphasize certain clinical criteria such as unstable identity and interpersonal relationships, feelings of emptiness or boredom, and pathological impulsiveness. The prevalence is about 2%, with a female-male sex ratio of 2 or 3 to 1. Both adolescents and adults may be affected There is a high risk of suicide, addictive behaviors, eating disorders, and criminality. These individuals frequently have a history of trauma in early childhood, such as separation, loss, physical or sexual abuse, or affective privation. Subjective signs and symptoms are particularly important in the diagnostic and therapeutic evaluation, and this requires an empathic and subtle approach. Standardized and semi-structured interviews may help to identify comorbidities such as thymic disorders, anxiety, addiction, eating disorders, and, in some cases, psychotic symptoms. The psychiatric bio-psycho-social model takes into account multiple pathogenic factors, such as trauma during early development, temperamental instability and other emotional disorders, as well as psychosocial, neurobiological (5HT etc.) and genetic vulnerabilities. Treatment requires optimal integration of psychotherapeutic and pharmacotherapeutic approaches. Emergency intervention must be available in case of delirious or suicidal behavior The clinical course is often lengthy and complex, but outcome may be favorable, provided the principal risk--suicide--is correctly managed, PMID:23815019

  6. 情绪对学习的影响分析%Analysis on the Influence of Emotion on Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任素芳

    2012-01-01

    The learning process contains almost all emotions, such as pleasant, relaxed, hope, pride, boredom, anxiety, disappointment, anger. But the study is also influenced by emotions, and even is an emotional product. The emotion impacts people's cognitive and behavioral decision. Research shows, the close relationship existed between emotion and learning, emotional state has information processing and so on. strong effect on memory, thinking, judgment and strategy for%学习过程几乎包含所有的情绪,例如愉快、放松、希望、自豪、厌倦、失望、焦虑、气愤等。但学习本身也受情绪影响,甚至是情绪的产物。情绪影响人们的认知和行为决策,对学习能够起到促进和抑制作用。研究证明,情绪和学习之间关系密切,情绪状态对思维、记忆、判断和信息加工策略等都具有重要的影响。

  7. Externalizing personality traits, empathy, and gray matter volume in healthy young drinkers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charpentier, Judith; Dzemidzic, Mario; West, John; Oberlin, Brandon G; Eiler, William J A; Saykin, Andrew J; Kareken, David A

    2016-02-28

    Externalizing psychopathology has been linked to prefrontal abnormalities. While clinically diagnosed subjects show altered frontal gray matter, it is unknown if similar deficits relate to externalizing traits in non-clinical populations. We used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to retrospectively analyze the cerebral gray matter volume of 176 young adult social to heavy drinkers (mean age=24.0±2.9, male=83.5%) from studies of alcoholism risk. We hypothesized that prefrontal gray matter volume and externalizing traits would be correlated. Externalizing personality trait components-Boredom Susceptibility-Impulsivity (BS/IMP) and Empathy/Low Antisocial Behaviors (EMP/LASB)-were tested for correlations with gray matter partial volume estimates (gmPVE). Significantly large clusters (pFWEyoung adults, antisocial behavior/low empathy corresponded with reduced prefrontal and occipital gray matter, while impulsivity correlated with increased inferior frontal and anterior insula cortical volume. These findings add to a literature indicating that externalizing personality features involve altered frontal architecture.

  8. Links between Psychotropic Substance Use and Sensation Seeking in a Prevalence Study: The Role of Some Features of Parenting Style in a Large Sample of Adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Scalese

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims. The objectives of the study were to (a investigate the prevalence risk of current drug users and (b explore the association between parental monitoring, adolescent-parent relationship, family structure, financial status, and sensation-seeking and psychotropic substance use. Methods. Data were drawn from the 2002 Italian student population survey of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs. The sample size was 10,790 adolescents, aged 15–19 years. Multivariate logistic analyses were performed. Findings. The prevalence of users was 27.3% (34.2% males; 21.6% females. Single-parent and reconstructed families were related to the greatest likelihood of substance use. A medium financial status and, for females, a satisfying relationship with father were protective factors. Probability of engaging in risk-taking behavior increased when parental knowledge decreased. Exploring deeper how parental monitoring could modify the relation between different traits of sensation seeking and substances use revealed the following: “thrill and adventure seeking,” within the case of a good monitoring, can help against the use of substances; “boredom susceptibility” is not associated with drug use, except when parental monitoring is weak. Conclusions. Specific subdimensions, associated with substance use, may be more amenable to prevention than general interventions on sensation-seeking personality. Family is the context that could promote health education.

  9. Understanding equine stereotypies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicol, C

    1999-04-01

    It is frequently asserted that equine stereotypies, such as crib-biting, wind-sucking and weaving, are caused by boredom. However, this explanation is too general to be of practical use in discerning the causes of each stereotypy or in devising management practices to prevent their occurrence. The majority of equine stereotypes start within one month of weaning when both the nutritional and social environment of the foal are substantially altered. Epidemiological research has revealed that the provision of low quantities of forage and minimal opportunities for social contact are associated with a higher reported prevalence of stereotypic behaviour. Experimental data also suggest that oral stereotypies develop in response to a low forage diet but this may be partially adaptative. Oral stereotypies may increase salivary flow therefore reducing the acidity of gastric tract and speeding the transit of ingested feed. Stereotypic horses may be less reactive to short-term aversive stimulation. Neither direct nor circumstantial evidence confirms anecdotal reports that horses copy stereotypies from each other. Surgical and pharmacological methods of prevention should not be attempted unless the underlying causes are removed. PMID:11314230

  10. Supporting Multiple Cognitive Processing Styles Using Tailored Support Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tuan Q. Tran; Karen M. Feigh; Amy R. Pritchett

    2007-08-01

    According to theories of cognitive processing style or cognitive control mode, human performance is more effective when an individual’s cognitive state (e.g., intuition/scramble vs. deliberate/strategic) matches his/her ecological constraints or context (e.g., utilize intuition to strive for a "good-enough" response instead of deliberating for the "best" response under high time pressure). Ill-mapping between cognitive state and ecological constraints are believed to lead to degraded task performance. Consequently, incorporating support systems which are designed to specifically address multiple cognitive and functional states e.g., high workload, stress, boredom, and initiate appropriate mitigation strategies (e.g., reduce information load) is essential to reduce plant risk. Utilizing the concept of Cognitive Control Models, this paper will discuss the importance of tailoring support systems to match an operator's cognitive state, and will further discuss the importance of these ecological constraints in selecting and implementing mitigation strategies for safe and effective system performance. An example from the nuclear power plant industry illustrating how a support system might be tailored to support different cognitive states is included.

  11. Internet use and misuse. Preliminary findings from a new assessment instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotunda, Robert J; Kass, Steven J; Sutton, Melanie A; Leon, David T

    2003-09-01

    The internet is an affordable and easily accessible technology that has many potential applications to psychology. Interactive technologies engage users psychologically and may facilitate adaptive and maladaptive behaviors. This research explored the Internet-use patterns, psychological characteristics, and negative consequences associated with online activities of 393 college students using the Internet Use Survey (IUS), a self-report instrument designed to administer online. Results indicated that participants spent an average of 3.3 total hours per day on the Internet during the past 12 months and used the medium for multiple purposes. Although participants reported the occurrence of some potentially negative consequences related to Internet use, the prevalence rates for most problematic behaviors were generally low. Exploratory principal component analysis of the IUS subscale that attempts to measure Internet-related impairment revealed four factors: absorption, negative consequences, disrupted sleep, and deception. All of these factors were then significantly related to a measure of boredom proneness. This research supports the necessity for multidimensional assessment (e.g., frequency and context) of Internet usage to enhance our understanding of how this new technology interfaces with users psychologically and behaviorally. PMID:12971124

  12. Students' Perceptions and Emotions Toward Learning in a Flipped General Science Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Jin Su; González-Gómez, David; Cañada-Cañada, Florentina

    2016-06-01

    Recently, the inverted instruction methodologies are gaining attentions in higher educations by claiming that flipping the classroom engages more effectively students with the learning process. Besides, students' perceptions and emotions involved in their learning process must be assessed in order to gauge the usability of this relatively new instruction methodology, since it is vital in the educational formation. For this reason, this study intends to evaluate the students' perceptions and emotions when a flipped classroom setting is used as instruction methodology. This research was conducted in a general science course, sophomore of the Primary Education bachelor degree in the Training Teaching School of the University of Extremadura (Spain). The results show that the students have the overall positive perceptions to a flipped classroom setting. Particularly, over 80 % of them considered that the course was a valuable learning experience. They also found this course more interactive and were willing to have more courses following a flipped model. According to the students' emotions toward a flipped classroom course, the highest scores were given to the positive emotions, being fun and enthusiasm along with keyword frequency test. Then, the lowest scores were corresponded to negative emotions, being boredom and fear. Therefore, the students attending to a flipped course demonstrated to have more positive and less negative emotions. The results obtained in this study allow drawing a promising tendency about the students' perceptions and emotions toward the flipped classroom methodology and will contribute to fully frame this relatively new instruction methodology.

  13. The problem of professional burnout in stress management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makasheva Natalia

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of professional burnout is extremely relevant in current stress management. By its nature, professional burnout is a unique type of stress syndrome that is characterized by emotional exhaustion. It leads to loss of energy and interest in one’s job. A burnout could be the result of such syndromes as – burnout and boreout. It could emerge as the reaction of the organism to the high working intensity and stress working conditions or due to the boredom and absence of the sphere for professional realization. Both syndromes negatively influence the professional activity and require serious research and an adequate approach to the study. Studies have been conducted in the higher educational environment and among production employees. The studies were conducted with the application of the existing tests for revealing the “boreout” and “burnout” syndromes. Studies have shown that the syndrome “burnout” is common among workers with free working regulations, whose work requires greater independence, initiative and responsibility. According to the results of the study, the employees who are more free in the performance of their professional duties (teachers, managers are less subjected to the boreout syndrome. For the prevention and control of professional burnout company management needs to apply the achievements of stress management.

  14. Preparedness actions towards seismic risk mitigation for the general public in Martinique, French Lesser Antilles: a mid-term appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. Audru

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Martinique is a French island in the Lesser Antilles, with a high seismic hazard. In 2006, Martinican stakeholders involved in seismic safety formed the "Réplik" working group ("Aftershock" in French, the first of its kind in this region. This paper addresses a mid-term appraisal of the first seismic awareness campaign organised by Réplik from 2006 to 2011, and how it has modified, or not, local earthquake and tsunami preparedness. Despite efforts from Réplik to assess its efficiency through surveys, a growing gap is noted between the observed awareness and the actual preparedness of the public. As usual, gender, age, educational level, then boredom and saturation contribute to this discrepancy; strong cultural items may also influence the perception of actions. To remain efficient and respond to the public's expectations, Réplik must redirect its actions towards a cultural congruence of information: consideration of religion and local beliefs, comprehensive messages on TV and radio, use of the Creole language, participatory experiences and drills, and a little science. With this, the Réplik stakeholders can hope to increase Martinicans' involvement into the preparedness process, to cope quickly with a strong earthquake and this know-how can be shared with other seismically active islands in the Caribbean.

  15. "Without Porn … I Wouldn't Know Half the Things I Know Now": A Qualitative Study of Pornography Use Among a Sample of Urban, Low-Income, Black and Hispanic Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothman, Emily F; Kaczmarsky, Courtney; Burke, Nina; Jansen, Emily; Baughman, Allyson

    2015-01-01

    Information about the pornography-viewing habits of urban, low-income youth of color in the United States is lacking. This study was designed to answer the following using a sample of 16- to 18-year-old urban-residing, low-income Black or Hispanic youth: (1) What types of pornography do youth report watching; where and for what purpose? (2) Do youth feel that pornography exposure has an impact on their own sexual behaviors? and (3) How do parents react to their pornography use? The following themes emerged from interviews with 23 youth: (1) Youth primarily reported watching pornography that featured one-on-one sexual intercourse but also reported having seen extreme pornography (e.g., public humiliation, incest); (2) youth reported watching pornography on home computers or smartphones, and that pornography was frequently watched in school; (3) youth reported watching for entertainment, for sexual stimulation, instructional purposes, and to alleviate boredom; many copied what they saw in pornography during their own sexual encounters; (4) pressure to make or to imitate pornography was an element of some unhealthy dating relationships; and (5) parents were generally described as unsupportive of youth's use of pornography but underequipped to discuss it. Approximately one-fifth expressed a preference for pornography featuring actors of their same race/ethnicity. PMID:25350847

  16. Appendix V: How to retain nuclear power plant staff when delays occur during construction (Argentina's experience with the Atucha and Embalse NPPs (Case study of human resource issues faced by NPP operating organizations, and how they were (or are being) addressed)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is common, especially, during the construction stage of the first NPP, to have some delays due to different causes (main components manufacturing, relevant field interferences, engineering modifications, etc). The first and second NPPs are typically contracted under the 'turnkey' modality. The training of the operating staff is also considered in the contract. Important milestones are established, including recruitment period, position profiles and minimal qualifications. The dates and duration of training overseas (main supplier's country) and inland are specified. The training duration and date of staff return to the site become relevant. If the owner and the main contractor do not adequately monitor the recruitment and training process, in case of construction delays, the site will start receiving a trained team too early that has no specific tasks assigned during the construction stage. Boredom may start in the members of this team. Depending upon the employment market or other industries' attraction, the integrity of a well-trained group may deteriorate. In case of resignations, it would be a tremendous effort for the owner to recruit, train and motivate a new staff. Sometimes, licensing on time may jeopardize the start-up milestone. This case study describes how retaining and motivation programmes were applied in order not to lose the previously trained personnel at the Atucha 1 and Embalse NPPs (Argentina)

  17. Análise da versão espanhola do Sport Satisfaction Instrument (SSI adaptado à Educação Física Analysis of the Spanish version of the Sport Satisfaction Instrument (SSI adapted to Physical Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Granero-Gallegos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as propriedades psicométricas do Sport Satisfation Instrument (SSI adaptado para a Educação Física (EF por meio de uma análise fatorial exploratória da estrutura bidimensional do instrumento em uma amostra espanhola. Com isso, buscou-se determinar, de maneira preliminar, se o SSI constitui um instrumento válido e fiável para ser utilizado em futuras pesquisas. O instrumento foi elaborado em um modelo teórico de dois fatores: Satisfação/Diversão e Tédio. A amostra constituiu-se de um total de 224 alunos de secundária entre 12 e 19 anos. A versão [espanhola] do instrumento adaptado para a EF demonstrou níveis aceitáveis de consistência interna.The objective of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of Sport Satisfaction Instrument (SSI adapted physical education (PE using exploratory factor analysis of the dimensional structure of the instrument in a Spanish sample. It was intended to determine, on a preliminary basis, whether it constitutes a valid and reliable for use in future research. Was administered to a total of 224 high school students 12 to 19 years. This analysis supports the hypothesized theoretical model of two factors (satisfaction / fun and boredom. The Spanish version of the instrument for PE showed acceptable levels of internal consistency.

  18. 论机器艺术的困境透过刘易斯・芒福德对机器艺术的批判%Study on Dilemma of Machine Art Based on Lewis Mumford’s Critiques on Machine Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    练新颜

    2015-01-01

    As the pioneer and founder of media ecology ,Lewis Mumford criticized machine art profoundly , and pointed out that there exists a deep contradiction betw een machine art and human art—machine art depreciates human artists , damages the creativity and individuality of human beings ,and creates so called“art consumers” of new generation .Moreover ,Mumford explored the economic and democratic requirements behind machine art .By analyzing machine art ,he revealed the dilemma of machine art—the emergence and development of machine art is an inevitable consequence of modernization ,w hich on one hand leads to the mediocrity and boredom of art and on the other hand liberates art to some extent .%刘易斯・芒福德作为媒介环境学的先驱和奠基人对机器艺术进行了深刻的批判,指出机器艺术与人的艺术之间存在着深刻的矛盾:机器艺术是对艺术家的贬低;导致了人的创造性、个性损害,培养了新一代“艺术消费者”,并探讨了机器艺术兴起背后的经济和民主要求。芒福德对机器艺术的分析揭示了机器艺术的两难困境:机器艺术的产生和兴起是现代化进程不可避免的后果,导致了艺术的平庸和无趣,也在一定程度上解放了艺术。

  19. Popular perceptions of tobacco products and patterns of use among male college students in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichter, Mimi; Nichter, Mark; Van Sickle, David

    2004-07-01

    This paper examines popular perceptions of tobacco products and describes patterns of use among college youth in Karnataka, India. Data are drawn from 25 key informant interviews and six focus groups with male and female college students, interviews with shopkeepers, observational data on youth tobacco consumption, and a college-based survey. The survey was administered to 1587 males attending eleven colleges. Forty-five percent (n = 716) of college students surveyed had used tobacco products. Thirty-six percent (n = 573) had tried cigarettes, 10% (n = 157) had tried bidis, and 18% (n = 290) had tried gutkha. Tobacco consumption among smokers was low; for daily smokers, the mean number of cigarettes smoked was 6 per day. Students attending professional colleges, including engineering, medicine, and law were significantly more likely to have ever smoked and to be daily smokers when compared to students enrolled in other courses of study. In interviews, male students noted that smoking a cigarette enhanced one's manliness, relieved boredom, and eased tension. Although female students interviewed were non-smokers, several suggested that in the future, smoking might be an acceptable behavior among college-going females. When asked about their perceptions of smoking among youth in Western countries, the majority of students believed that three-quarters of male and female youth in the West smoked. This perception has been largely formed through media images, including satellite television and films. With regard to addiction, it was widely believed that filter-tipped cigarettes were one of the most addictive products because they are made of better quality tobacco, and are milder and smoother to smoke. Therefore, a person could easily smoke more of them, which would lead to addiction. Another widely held belief was that the more expensive the cigarette, the less harmful it was for one's health.

  20. Manifestation of Workplace Stressors among Banking Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Amudha

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Stress is the physiological or psychological imbalance among the individuals when they find a disparity between a situational demand and their ability. Traditionally, management has taken the problem of stress as the workers’ personal problem and the management also blamed the workers that they are not fitting themselves into the working environment. But, now-a-days, the management analyses the job requirements and the social relationships as the prime indicators of stress. With the advent of the technological inventions, the nature of job is deskilled and the worker is totally disconnected from the end product. This paved way for the high degree of boredom and decreased scope for improvisation. The objective of this study is to analyze the impact of socio-economic factors influencing the level of stress among the employees in State Bank of India, Tiruchirapalli. Random sampling method is used to collect the primary data from 150 employees of branches of State Bank of India in Tiruchirapalli district by administering a questionnaire. SPSS package is used to analyses the data collected with the help of ANOVA single factor and Weighted ANOVA. The results show that age and educational qualification, gender marital status and annual income do not influence the level of occupational stress. The increased level of stress for experienced respondents is due to the job hierarchy and extended responsibilities in the job. They stressed because of their expectation in the career elevation and incapacity to cope up with the innovation in the technologies. The respondents feel that they can manage in acquiring skill and knowledge to cope up with the job requirements and expectations.

  1. Characteristics of Internet Addiction/Pathological Internet Use in U.S. University Students: A Qualitative-Method Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wen; O’Brien, Jennifer E.; Snyder, Susan M.; Howard, Matthew O.

    2015-01-01

    Studies have identified high rates and severe consequences of Internet Addiction/Pathological Internet Use (IA/PIU) in university students. However, most research concerning IA/PIU in U.S. university students has been conducted within a quantitative research paradigm, and frequently fails to contextualize the problem of IA/PIU. To address this gap, we conducted an exploratory qualitative study using the focus group approach and examined 27 U.S. university students who self-identified as intensive Internet users, spent more than 25 hours/week on the Internet for non-school or non-work-related activities and who reported Internet-associated health and/or psychosocial problems. Students completed two IA/PIU measures (Young’s Diagnostic Questionnaire and the Compulsive Internet Use Scale) and participated in focus groups exploring the natural history of their Internet use; preferred online activities; emotional, interpersonal, and situational triggers for intensive Internet use; and health and/or psychosocial consequences of their Internet overuse. Students’ self-reports of Internet overuse problems were consistent with results of standardized measures. Students first accessed the Internet at an average age of 9 (SD = 2.7), and first had a problem with Internet overuse at an average age of 16 (SD = 4.3). Sadness and depression, boredom, and stress were common triggers of intensive Internet use. Social media use was nearly universal and pervasive in participants’ lives. Sleep deprivation, academic under-achievement, failure to exercise and to engage in face-to-face social activities, negative affective states, and decreased ability to concentrate were frequently reported consequences of intensive Internet use/Internet overuse. IA/PIU may be an underappreciated problem among U.S. university students and warrants additional research. PMID:25647224

  2. A Study of Engagement in Active and Passive Roles in Casual Leisure Occupations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne M. Fenech

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: This article explores whether engagement with listening occupations varies depending on the occupational role or the level of sensory stimulation presented to participants with neuropalliative conditions. Method: The study used a multiple case quasi-experimental study involving marginal-participant timesampled observations of engagement of individuals with neuropalliative conditions, with casual leisure occupations using the Individual Child Engagement Record. Data was collected using the Individual Child Engagement Record with 14 participants (who had Barthel scores averaging 7/100. The participants represented a particular sub-group of individuals with profound levels of neurological disability. Results: The time-sampled observations of engagement showed a significant difference between the scores for the control condition, engagement in a potentially active role at a music-making group, and engagement in a passive audience role when listening to an audio recording. Therefore, passively listening to an audio recording appears to be less engaging than the potentially active role offered by the music-making group for participants with neuropalliative conditions. Conclusion: The small sample size and the use of a single observer without video recording backup compromised the reliability of the data while complying with the facility’s POVA policy. Switching on an auditory recording or broadcast, while easy to arrange, may not be sufficiently engaging to prevent boredom and occupational deprivation. Consideration of an individual’s sensory, support, and role preference should be undertaken when designing leisure occupations for individuals with neuropalliative conditions rather than simply switching on an audio recording or broadcast

  3. Sensation Seeking as one of the Motivating Factors for Performing Skydiving

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bołdak Agnieszka

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. For some time, the issue of participating in high-risk sports, including skydiving, has been linked to the trait of sensation seeking, but skydivers do not constitute a homogeneous group in terms of this factor. The aim of the study was to determine the role of the need for sensation in performing skydiving and to examine whether the importance of this factor differs depending on gender. Material and methods. The study included a total of 143 skydivers (98 men and 45 women aged from 17 to 49 years with different levels of expertise in skydiving. In total, 73 respondents were categorised as novices, and 70 were considered experts. Novice skydivers were defined as having completed no more than 10 jumps in their lives. Expert skydivers were persons who had made at least 100 jumps in their lives and had a licence to perform skydiving independently, without instructor supervision. The need for stimulation was measured using the Sensation Seeking Scale IV by Zuckerman, in its Polish version by Oleszkiewicz-Zsurzs. Results. Since a high proportion of individuals with a strong need for sensation was found among both men and women, it can be concluded that it is an important factor in primary selection in skydiving (when the sport is undertaken, regardless of gender. Conclusions. The significance of sensation seeking as a factor in secondary selection in skydiving (when the sport is being performed differs depending on the particular dimension of sensation seeking and gender. Susceptibility to boredom is probably a significant factor in secondary selection in women.

  4. AIDS and sex tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herold, E S; Van Kerkwijk, C

    1992-01-01

    Tourists traveling internationally lower their inhibitions and take greater risks than they would typically in their home cultures. Loneliness, boredom, and a sense of freedom contribute to this behavioral change. Some tourists travel internationally in search of sexual gratification. This motivation may be actively conscious or subconscious to the traveler. Billed as romantic with great natural beauty, Thailand, the Philippines, Brazil, the Dominican Republic, and Kenya are popular destinations of tourists seeking sex. The Netherlands and countries in eastern Europe are also popular. With most initial cases of HIV infection in Europe having histories of international travel, mass tourism is a major factor in the international transmission of AIDS. While abroad, tourists have sex with casual partners, sex workers, and/or other tourists. Far from all tourists, however, carry and consistently use condoms with these partners. One study found female and non white travelers to be less likely than Whites and males to carry condoms. The risk of HIV infection increases in circumstances where condoms are not readily available in the host country and/or are of poor quality. Regarding actual condom use, a study found only 34% of sex tourists from Switzerland to consistently use condoms while abroad. 28% of men in an STD clinic in Melbourne, Australia, reported consistent condom use in sexual relations while traveling in Asia; STDs were identified in 73% of men examined. The few studies of tourists suggest that a significant proportion engage in risky behavior while traveling. HIV prevalence is rapidly increasing in countries known as destinations for sex tourism. High infection rates are especially evident among teenage sex workers in Thailand. Simply documenting the prevalence of risky behavior among sex tourists will not suffice. More research is needed on travelers and AIDS with particular attention upon the motivating factors supporting persistent high-risk behavior. PMID

  5. Sensation seeking related to varied definition of risk

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This pilot study is based on the assumption that the normal use of the word risk varies across subjects. It has been shown in previous risk perception studies that some people report their definition or normal use of the concept of risk as e.g. mainly probability, a combination of probability and consequences, mainly consequences, or due to the nature of the event (Drottz-Sjoeberg, 1991). Another field of research has developed measures for personality traits, i.e. facets of Sensation Seeking; Disinhibition, Thrill and Adventure Seeking, Experience Seeking, and Boredom Susceptibility (Zuckerman, 1994). The design of the present study involved three independent groups of first year psychology students (N=93). They were presented with one of three response formats regarding their normal use of the word risk, i.e. an open-ended format, separate ratings of four items suggesting a definition of risk on five-point scales, and one single five-point scale with the extremes labelled probability and consequences, and with their combination as the scale mid-point. The results showed, e.g. that the typical open-ended response to the personal definition of risk was 'danger', but among the responses were also 'chance', and 'outcome'. Another finding was that people who defined risk as 'outcome' and 'chance', using the open-ended format tended to score higher on the total Sensation Seeking Scale than those who defined risk as 'danger'. In addition, subjects who defined risk as the 'combination' of probability and consequences, using other response formats, also tended to score higher on the total Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS), especially as compared to those defining risk as the 'probability' of an event. (authors)

  6. Evaluation of pregnant patients admitted to the emergency department with suicide attempt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yılmaz Zengin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In the pregnancy period, the incidence of suicide attempt is lower compared to other life-periods. However, according to the recent studies, suicide attempts may lead life-threatening consequences in high-risk pregnant women. The aim of this study is to compare pregnant patients admitted to the emergency department for suicide attempt in terms of their sociodemographic and clinical properties and suicide attempt methods. Methods: In this study, 56 patients admitted to the emergency department of university for suicide attempt between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2014, were included and they were classified according to suicide attempt methods into 2 groups as violent ones. Group 1 included violent methods as hanging, jumping, shooting and Group 2 included non-violent method as drugs. The study was a retrospective cross-sectional study. The sociodemographic, psychiatric and clinical properties of the patients were identified by patient registry system and patient files, and inter-group differences were compared. Results: In this study, 15 (26.7% patients in the violent suicide attempt group, and 41 (73.3% patients in the non-violent suicide attempt group, totally 56 patients were included. In the non-violent suicide attempt group, cigarette smoking, suicide attempt due to boredom, and live birth was significantly higher as compared to violent group; hospitalization period and fetal death was lower (p=0.04; p=0.006; p=0.004; p=0.004, respectively. Conclusion: Most of our pregnant suicide attempt patients are in the non-violent group, however, violent suicide attempt increased hospitalization period and fetal mortality significantly. J Clin Exp Invest 2015; 6 (2: 115-120

  7. Who is a dangerous driver? Socio-demographic and personal determinants of risky traffic behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Peplińska

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Background The aim of this study was to search for comprehensive socio-demographic and personal (personality and temperamental determinants of risky on-the-road behavior. Based on the results of previous studies, we assumed that the main predictors of dangerous traffic behavior include: internal locus of control, sensation seeking, risk seeking and risk acceptance, as well as high self-esteem, a low level of reactivity combined with a high level of endurance and activity (which together determine a strong need for stimulation and a preference for hedonistic values; and among socio-demographic variables – age, gender, education and duration of having a driving license. Participants and procedure The study included a group of 380 participants, aged between 19 and 61 years (Me = 24. In order to verify the hypothesis, a battery of research tools measuring personality and temperamental variables was adopted, namely: the Formal Characteristics of Behavior – Temperament Questionnaire, Rotter I-E Scale, Risk Acceptance Scale, Stimulating-Instrumental Risk Inventory, Scheler Value Scale, Zuckerman Sensation Seeking Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results The dangerous driver syndrome was found to be promoted by high levels of experience and sensation seeking, low levels of tolerance to boredom and monotony, high need for stimulating risk and high risk acceptance, high self-esteem, a preference for hedonistic values coupled with aversion towards moral values, as well as low sensory sensitivity, and was especially visible among older men with short driving experience. Conclusions It can be concluded that both socio-demographic and psychological variables, such as temperament and personality, are significant predictors of dangerous traffic behavior.

  8. 高中作业情绪的实证研究--以高中物理作业为例%Empirical Research on High School Students’Homework Emotions in Homework with Physics Homework as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李贵安; 周详; 邓泓

    2015-01-01

    本文依据Goetz等人对作业情绪的研究方法,对某城市中学生在物理作业过程中表现出的愉快、自豪、担忧、生气、厌烦五种情绪进行调查研究。结果表明:(1)作业情绪和课堂情绪之间呈现显著相关,在学业情绪研究中有必要区分作业情绪和课堂情绪;(2)作业情绪和课堂情绪都与学业自我概念和学业成就之间成明显的相关性,两种情境下的情绪与学业成就的相关性相似;(3)与物理作业情绪间的关系相比,物理课堂情绪内部关系更加微弱。%Based on the research methods proposed by Goetz and others. The paper investigates the homework emotions of the students in a high school,namely their enjoyment,proudness,anxiety,anger,and boredom while completing physics homework ( homework emotions ). Results shows:1 ) homework emotions and classroom emotions are positively correlated and it is necessary to distinguish the two in academic emotions research;2 ) homework emotion and classroom emotion are relevant to academic self-concept and academic achievement;achievement relations are expected to be similar for class-related and homework emotions;and 3 )within-domain relations are weaker for classroom emotions as compared with homework emotions.

  9. Normalising the abnormal: Palestinian youth and the contradictions of resilience in protracted conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen-Gillham, Viet; Giacaman, Rita; Naser, Ghada; Boyce, Will

    2008-05-01

    This qualitative study explores the construct of resilience by Palestinian youth in the 10th to 12th grades at school living in and around Ramallah in the West Bank. We look at how adolescents themselves interpret and give meaning to the concept of resilience in dehumanising and abnormal conditions. The aim is to 'problematise' the construct to go beyond quantitative research and objective inquiry. Focus groups were conducted with 321 male and female Palestinian students in 15 schools in Ramallah and the surrounding villages. This study presents findings that are consistent with previous research on the value of supportive relationships such as families and friends. Political participation and education are vital to a sense of identity and political resistance. However, a key finding reveals the normalisation of everyday life in fostering resiliency within abnormal living conditions. Palestinian youth, nonetheless, paint a picture of resilience that reveals contradictions and tensions. This study underlines the fluid and dynamic nature of resilience. Despite the desire for order, Palestinian young people complain of emotional distress and boredom. Feelings of desperation are intermingled with optimism. We also argue that the concept of resilience developed in predominantly Western settings ignores a local idiom of communal care and support. International and local organisations providing psychosocial care rely on trauma programmes based on a Western style of counselling. An over-emphasis on individualised intervention overlooks the notion of collective resiliency and fails to build on existing social capital within communities. Policy-makers should do more than 'tweak' preconceived projects to fit the cultural context or to replicate them from one conflict area to another. We should also keep in mind that the search for psychological well-being and justice are not mutually exclusive.

  10. An Emotion Decision-Making Model in Multi-agent Environment%多智能体环境下的情绪决策模型∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林君焕; 刘箴; 陈月芬

    2015-01-01

    An emotion decision-making model consisting of cognition layer and emotion layer is constructed, the cognition layer is implemented in the Nash-Q algorithm, and the emotion layer is based on the theory of emotion memory and evaluation. The emotion space includes happiness, sadness, fear, boredom. The stimulus-to-emotion mapping model, emotion-to-action mapping model and the evaluation model of action credibility for each emotion are built respectively. The proposed model is applied to two-agent grid decision-making experiment. The results show that the convergence speed is higher when the Nash-Q algorithm is combined with emotional layer, and the model can effectively avoid local optimum. The model keeps better balance between conservation and searching in online learning.%建立一种基于情绪的Nash-Q决策模型,它由认知层和情绪层组成。认知层模型由Nash-Q算法实现,情绪层建立在情绪记忆和评价理论之上,由高兴、伤心、恐惧、厌烦组成情绪空间,建立相应刺激与情绪映射模型、情绪与行为动作映射模型、每种情绪下的动作信任度评价模型。将文中模型应用到两智能体网格决策实验中,结果表明情绪层的引入可加快收敛速度,同时能有效防止陷入局部最优,更好兼顾在线学习的“保守”和“探索”平衡。

  11. Using self-determination theory to understand motivation deficits in schizophrenia: the 'why' of motivated behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gard, David E; Sanchez, Amy H; Starr, Jessica; Cooper, Shanna; Fisher, Melissa; Rowlands, Abby; Vinogradov, Sophia

    2014-07-01

    Self-determination theory (SDT) provides a model for understanding motivation deficits in schizophrenia, and recent research has focused on problems with intrinsic motivation. However, SDT emphasizes that motivated behavior results from three different factors: intrinsic motivators (facilitated by needs for autonomy, competency, and relatedness), extrinsic motivators (towards reward or away from punishment), or when intrinsic and extrinsic motivators are absent or thwarted a disconnect-disengagement occurs resulting in behavior driven by boredom or 'passing time'. Using a novel approach to Ecological Momentary Assessment, we assessed the degree to which people with schizophrenia were motivated by these factors relative to healthy control participants. Forty-seven people with and 41 people without schizophrenia were provided with cell phones and were called four times a day for one week. On each call participants were asked about their goals, and about the most important reason motivating each goal. All responses were coded by independent raters (blind to group and hypotheses) on all SDT motivating factors, and ratings were correlated to patient functioning and symptoms. We found that, relative to healthy participants, people with schizophrenia reported goals that were: (1) less motivated by filling autonomy and competency needs, but equivalently motivated by relatedness; (2) less extrinsically rewarding, but equivalently motivated by punishment; (3) more disconnected-disengaged. Higher disconnected-disengaged goals were significantly associated with higher negative symptoms and lower functioning. These findings indicate several important leverage points for behavioral treatments and suggest the need for vigorous psychosocial intervention focusing on autonomy, competence, and reward early in the course of illness.

  12. Characteristics of internet addiction/pathological internet use in U.S. university students: a qualitative-method investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wen; O'Brien, Jennifer E; Snyder, Susan M; Howard, Matthew O

    2015-01-01

    Studies have identified high rates and severe consequences of Internet Addiction/Pathological Internet Use (IA/PIU) in university students. However, most research concerning IA/PIU in U.S. university students has been conducted within a quantitative research paradigm, and frequently fails to contextualize the problem of IA/PIU. To address this gap, we conducted an exploratory qualitative study using the focus group approach and examined 27 U.S. university students who self-identified as intensive Internet users, spent more than 25 hours/week on the Internet for non-school or non-work-related activities and who reported Internet-associated health and/or psychosocial problems. Students completed two IA/PIU measures (Young's Diagnostic Questionnaire and the Compulsive Internet Use Scale) and participated in focus groups exploring the natural history of their Internet use; preferred online activities; emotional, interpersonal, and situational triggers for intensive Internet use; and health and/or psychosocial consequences of their Internet overuse. Students' self-reports of Internet overuse problems were consistent with results of standardized measures. Students first accessed the Internet at an average age of 9 (SD = 2.7), and first had a problem with Internet overuse at an average age of 16 (SD = 4.3). Sadness and depression, boredom, and stress were common triggers of intensive Internet use. Social media use was nearly universal and pervasive in participants' lives. Sleep deprivation, academic under-achievement, failure to exercise and to engage in face-to-face social activities, negative affective states, and decreased ability to concentrate were frequently reported consequences of intensive Internet use/Internet overuse. IA/PIU may be an underappreciated problem among U.S. university students and warrants additional research. PMID:25647224

  13. PROFILE OF ACADEMICALLY BACKWARD STUDENTS AND PROBABLE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS: A QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ubhale Ashish

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Academic backwardness exists almost in every institute. In institutes providing professional education, the problem is on higher scale with more seriousness and complications. For the academic backwardness, multiple reasons like financial, family, personal stressors are contemplated. This study is an attempt to recognize the problem areas in these students which will help us to take some preventive measures. AIMS: To find the probable causes of repeated failure in the university examination at an individual, family and institutional level. OBJECTIVES: To find prevalence of psychological morbidity. To identify stressors. To identify the reasons for irregularity. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Retrospective cohort type of study, done in a Rural Medical college. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Academically backward students identified according to MUHS criteria. Data collection done from previous college records, open ended semi structured proforma with a personal individual interview with GHQ. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Qualitative research methodology was used. RESULTS: Poor study pattern, poor concentration and time management issues were observed in 45.45%. Poor English comprehension, personal illness, family problems, poor coping in negative stressful emotional life events, boredom in repeating the same subject studies were also noted. Prevalence of depression and anxiety was observed in 40.91%. Substance use was observed in 18.18%.59.1% were found to have more general health problems on GHQ. At family level parental divorce, interpersonal stressors with parents and at institutional level, poor attendance in revision classes and practical’s were noted. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological problems were more prevalent as compared to previously reported studies, which may be attributed to the fact that the study group consisted only of academically backward students.

  14. Improvement interventions: To what extent are they manifestations of social defences?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremias J. de Klerk

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The statistical record of change and improvement interventions to deliver on expectations is notoriously poor. Yet, new interventions are started constantly.Research purpose: The aim is to provide an explanation to the lure behind interventions and to contribute to building a theory on plausible systems psychodynamic drivers and mechanisms of recurrent change interventions.Motivation for the study: This study provides insights into social defences in ways that did not receive much attention previously; specifically how defence mechanisms act as drivers for new change and improvement interventions.Research design, approach and method: A literature study, consisting of a literature review and a phenomenological analysis. The study was conducted from the systems psychodynamic approach.Main findings: Improvement interventions often represent defences that serve to contain anxieties or maintain fantasies. Four specific themes emerged: interventions defend the perception of being in control, they maintain the fantasy that one is busy with worthy actions to overcome challenges, they are defences against boredom or contain anxieties about incompetence, and they maintain the fantasy of being heroic leaders.Practical/managerial implications: The findings can assist leaders to understand their own defences in order to avoid embarking on non-essential interventions. This can free up much time, energy and effort to spend on other priorities, assisting organisations to achieve better results.Contribution/value-add: The study refutes the notion that improvement interventions are always rational coping mechanisms and highlights the role of improvement interventions as defences to reduce anxiety, even though they may contribute little to organisational survival in real terms.

  15. Robust identification of polyethylene terephthalate (PET plastics through Bayesian decision.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Asyraf Zulkifley

    Full Text Available Recycling is one of the most efficient methods for environmental friendly waste management. Among municipal wastes, plastics are the most common material that can be easily recycled and polyethylene terephthalate (PET is one of its major types. PET material is used in consumer goods packaging such as drinking bottles, toiletry containers, food packaging and many more. Usually, a recycling process is tailored to a specific material for optimal purification and decontamination to obtain high grade recyclable material. The quantity and quality of the sorting process are limited by the capacity of human workers that suffer from fatigue and boredom. Several automated sorting systems have been proposed in the literature that include using chemical, proximity and vision sensors. The main advantages of vision based sensors are its environmentally friendly approach, non-intrusive detection and capability of high throughput. However, the existing methods rely heavily on deterministic approaches that make them less accurate as the variations in PET plastic waste appearance are too high. We proposed a probabilistic approach of modeling the PET material by analyzing the reflection region and its surrounding. Three parameters are modeled by Gaussian and exponential distributions: color, size and distance of the reflection region. The final classification is made through a supervised training method of likelihood ratio test. The main novelty of the proposed method is the probabilistic approach in integrating various PET material signatures that are contaminated by stains under constant lighting changes. The system is evaluated by using four performance metrics: precision, recall, accuracy and error. Our system performed the best in all evaluation metrics compared to the benchmark methods. The system can be further improved by fusing all neighborhood information in decision making and by implementing the system in a graphics processing unit for faster

  16. Using self-determination theory to understand motivation deficits in schizophrenia: the 'why' of motivated behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gard, David E; Sanchez, Amy H; Starr, Jessica; Cooper, Shanna; Fisher, Melissa; Rowlands, Abby; Vinogradov, Sophia

    2014-07-01

    Self-determination theory (SDT) provides a model for understanding motivation deficits in schizophrenia, and recent research has focused on problems with intrinsic motivation. However, SDT emphasizes that motivated behavior results from three different factors: intrinsic motivators (facilitated by needs for autonomy, competency, and relatedness), extrinsic motivators (towards reward or away from punishment), or when intrinsic and extrinsic motivators are absent or thwarted a disconnect-disengagement occurs resulting in behavior driven by boredom or 'passing time'. Using a novel approach to Ecological Momentary Assessment, we assessed the degree to which people with schizophrenia were motivated by these factors relative to healthy control participants. Forty-seven people with and 41 people without schizophrenia were provided with cell phones and were called four times a day for one week. On each call participants were asked about their goals, and about the most important reason motivating each goal. All responses were coded by independent raters (blind to group and hypotheses) on all SDT motivating factors, and ratings were correlated to patient functioning and symptoms. We found that, relative to healthy participants, people with schizophrenia reported goals that were: (1) less motivated by filling autonomy and competency needs, but equivalently motivated by relatedness; (2) less extrinsically rewarding, but equivalently motivated by punishment; (3) more disconnected-disengaged. Higher disconnected-disengaged goals were significantly associated with higher negative symptoms and lower functioning. These findings indicate several important leverage points for behavioral treatments and suggest the need for vigorous psychosocial intervention focusing on autonomy, competence, and reward early in the course of illness. PMID:24853060

  17. Camp life: Are northern work camps safe havens for a migrant workforce, or dens of iniquity rampant with sex, drugs and alcohol?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laverty, K.

    2004-02-01

    Two studies, dealing with life in work camps in northern Alberta and yielding contradictory results, are discussed. One study by a graduate student in sociology found that many of the men and women housed in work camps in remote locations of the northeastern oilsands belt use drugs, alcohol and casual sex to relieve boredom and loneliness. The other study, commissioned by the Athabasca Regional Issues Working Group (RWIG) found that camp workers visit Fort McMurray on the average of just over once a week, and use that time to take care of normal business, such as visiting health care professionals, buying gasoline, clothing, etc. It found no evidence of widespread sex, or drug or alcohol abuse among work camp residents. The RWIG study surveyed 25 per cent of the 6,272 worker population living in three camps in the Wood Buffalo region during June 2003. The study prepared by V. Taylor for a M.A. degree in sociology at the University of Calgary was severely criticized, primarily for its conclusions being based on a sample size of only nine men and one woman. Despite the criticism, the Taylor study made headlines across the country and has been instrumental in raising awareness of the special needs of a mobile workforce. A more broadly-based study is in progress at the University of Alberta, supported by the RCMP and a number of workplace stakeholders. Its objectives are to examine the situation more thoroughly, identify gaps in services and to explore long term solutions to what is undeniably a serious problem, indicated, if not proven, by the Taylor study.

  18. Children's active play: self-reported motivators, barriers and facilitators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rowan Brockman

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Physical activity has important benefits for children's physical health and mental wellbeing, but many children do not meet recommended levels. Research suggests that active play has the potential to make a valuable contribution to children's overall physical activity, whilst providing additional cognitive, social and emotional benefits. However, relatively little is known about the determinants of UK children's active play. Understanding these factors provides the critical first step in developing interventions to increase children's active play, and therefore overall physical activity. Eleven focus groups were conducted with 77, 10-11 year old children from four primary schools in Bristol, UK. Focus groups examined: (i factors which motivate children to take part in active play; (ii factors which limit children's active play and (iii factors which facilitate children's active play. All focus groups were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed using a thematic approach. Children were motivated to engage in active play because they perceived it to be enjoyable, to prevent boredom, to have physical and mental health benefits and to provide freedom from adult control, rules and structure. However, children's active play was constrained by a number of factors, including rainy weather and fear of groups of teenagers in their play spaces. Some features of the physical environment facilitated children's active play, including the presence of green spaces and cul-de-sacs in the neighbourhood. Additionally, children's use of mobile phones when playing away from home was reported to help to alleviate parents' safety fears, and therefore assist children's active play. Children express a range of motivational and environmental factors that constrain and facilitate their active play. Consideration of these factors should improve effectiveness of interventions designed to increase active play.

  19. Isra Mikraj dalam Naskah-Naskah Indonesia

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    Suryadi Suryadi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Th.C. van de Meij and N. Lambooij (eds. & transls.; with the assistance of Oman Fathurrahman, The Malay Hikayat Mi‘rāj Nabi Muhammad: The Prophet Muhammad’s Nocturnal Journey to Heaven and Hell. Leiden - Boston: Brill, 2014, xii +210 pp. (Bibliotheca Indonesica Vol. 37. ISBN 978 90 04 27661 8 (hardback, 978 90 04 27775 5  (e-book.This book provides readers with the Romanization and English translation of an Indonesian manuscript, Cod. Or. 1713, which is held at Leiden University Library in the Netherlands. Written in the eighteenth century and using Jawi script, the text focuses on the Prophet Muhammad’s nocturnal journey to heaven and hell. It is the last leg of the prophet’s two-part miraculous night journey which is well known in the Indonesian and Malay languages as Isra Mikraj Nabi Muhammad. In Indonesia, with the majority of its people embracing Islam, the story – as well as other stories about Muhammad’s life – have been much repeatedly retold by preachers in prayer houses without boredom and enthusiastically listened to with heart by audiences. This story significantly influences Indonesian Muslims’ conception of the ideal living in the world and their perception of the afterlife. Muhammad in his journey rode the heavenly steed of buraq to the seventh stage of the sky (langit ketujuh, where many ordinary Muslims belief hell and heaven are situated. This journey became the focus of the transcribed and translated text, suggesting Nusantara Muslims’ astonishment at this amazing story.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v22i2.1923

  20. Automated Air Traffic Control Operations with Weather and Time-Constraints: A First Look at (Simulated) Far-Term Control Room Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevot, Thomas; Homola, Jeffrey R.; Martin, Lynne H.; Mercer, Joey S.; Cabrall, Christopher C.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we discuss results from a recent high fidelity simulation of air traffic control operations with automated separation assurance in the presence of weather and time-constraints. We report findings from a human-in-the-loop study conducted in the Airspace Operations Laboratory (AOL) at the NASA Ames Research Center. During four afternoons in early 2010, fifteen active and recently retired air traffic controllers and supervisors controlled high levels of traffic in a highly automated environment during three-hour long scenarios, For each scenario, twelve air traffic controllers operated eight sector positions in two air traffic control areas and were supervised by three front line managers, Controllers worked one-hour shifts, were relieved by other controllers, took a 3D-minute break, and worked another one-hour shift. On average, twice today's traffic density was simulated with more than 2200 aircraft per traffic scenario. The scenarios were designed to create peaks and valleys in traffic density, growing and decaying convective weather areas, and expose controllers to heavy and light metering conditions. This design enabled an initial look at a broad spectrum of workload, challenge, boredom, and fatigue in an otherwise uncharted territory of future operations. In this paper we report human/system integration aspects, safety and efficiency results as well as airspace throughput, workload, and operational acceptability. We conclude that, with further refinements. air traffic control operations with ground-based automated separation assurance can be an effective and acceptable means to routinely provide very high traffic throughput in the en route airspace.

  1. Impact of utilisation of uncompleted handouts on power point presentations (PPT in rural Indian medical institute

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    ROSHAN BHAISARE

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Note taking while attending a PPT requires high activity of memory and writing process which ultimately leads to what is called “death by power point” referring to boredom and fatigue. To overcome this we planned to evaluate the impact of utilisation of uncompleted handouts given prior to PPT presentations. Methods: Final year MBBS students were divided in 2 batches, batch A and batch B. For a set of lectures one batch was provided with handouts before lecture while the other batch was given lectures only. Crossover was done to avoid bias, all the lectures being given by the same presenter. At the end of each lecture, a short questionnaire of 10 Multiple Choice Question (MCQ was provided to the students. Mean scores were calculated for lectures with handouts and without handouts. Results: For a set of lectures, when batch A was provided with handouts, the mean score was 28.2; for batch B to which no handouts were given the mean score was 23.4. Similarly, for batch B when provided with handouts the mean score was 29.1, for batch A which was not provided with handouts the mean score was 24. There was an average increase of 4.2 marks. Actual gain when handouts were provided was 1.2 marks per lecture. It was more for the batch comprising of repeater students as compared to the batch of fresher students. Increase in attendance was also noted. Conclusion: Providing uncompleted handouts before a didactic lecture definitely results in increase in knowledge gain; repeater students benefit more with uncompleted handouts.

  2. ¿El sentido del humor, tiene sentido en el aula? / Does Sense of the Humor Make Sense in the Classroom?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddy Antonio González Ynfante

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Recibido 09 de junio de 2011 • Aceptado 24 de octubre de 2011 • Corregido 27 de setiembre de 2011 Resumen. El presente ensayo tiene como finalidad reflexionar sobre la importancia del humor pedagógico como estrategia de enseñanza aprendizaje en el aula; esto, tomando en cuenta la problemática de desmotivación y aburrimiento que sucede normalmente en la clase. Para plantear si “el enseñar contento y el aprender con alegría” pueden aumentar la eficacia en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, se abordará cómo, a pesar de las múltiples ventajas que puede aportar el humor en las aulas, se omite su empleo por la existencia de ciertos prejuicios y temores. La idea no es que los docentes hagan el papel de comediantes o payasos, sino la de mediar y acercar la clase de manera pedagógica y didáctica a través del uso del humor, y sobre esto reflexionaba Platón (1992, cuando planteaba que muchas veces ayudaba una broma, en donde la seriedad oponía resistencia. Abstract. This paper studies the importance of humor as a teaching strategy in the classroom, considering the usual lack of motivation and boredom. To analyze whether the “happy teaching and happy learning” may increase effectiveness in the teaching-learning process, the author will discuss how, despite the many benefits it may bring, humor is not used in the classroom due to prejudices and fears. The idea is not for teachers to play the role of a comedian or a clown, but to intervene and get closer to the group with a teaching, didactic purpose through humor. Plato (1992 thought about this; he used to say that sometimes a joke may help, where seriousness put up resistance.

  3. The Relationship between Wine and Intellectuals' Spirit World in Liaozhaizhiyi%《聊斋志异》中酒与文人的精神世界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文翔

    2014-01-01

    蒲松龄喜爱饮酒,《聊斋志异》也多通过酒描写来展现文人之风采。把握酒文化之脉络,以探究《聊斋志异》中文人之精神世界,是必要而可行的。通过对文本的探究可知,在文人之间的契合、文人与异性的交往、逃避世俗与解脱苦闷、融归自然与追求本真等层面上,酒都与文人之精神世界有着千丝万缕之关联。对此关系进行研究,不单可以对文人之心态洞幽见微,更可窥一斑而知全豹,触及整个中国思想史之若干问题。%Pu Songling liked drinking,his Liaozhaizhiyi also show-ed the intellectuals style by the description of wine frequently. So, it is ecessary and easible to grasp the sequence of ideas of wine culture,and research the intellectuals' spirit world in Liaozhaizhiyi. By the research of text we could understand that in terms of un-derstanding among the intellectuals,interaction between the intell-ectuals and the female,escaping from worldly and boredom,retur-nning to self-heating and pursuiting of innocence,there were ser-ies relevances between wine and intellectuals' spirit world. To re-search of this relevances,could not only help the understand of intellectuals' mentality,but also touch many problems about the hole Chinese intellectual history.

  4. Assessing and improving health in the workplace: an integration of subjective and objective measures with the STress Assessment and Research Toolkit (St.A.R.T. method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panari Chiara

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this work was to introduce a new combined method of subjective and objective measures to assess psychosocial risk factors at work and improve workers’ health and well-being. In the literature most of the research on work-related stress focuses on self-report measures and this work represents the first methodology capable of integrating different sources of data. Method An integrated method entitled St.A.R.T. (STress Assessment and Research Toolkit was used in order to assess psychosocial risk factors and two health outcomes. In particular, a self-report questionnaire combined with an observational structured checklist was administered to 113 workers from an Italian retail company. Results The data showed a correlation between subjective data and the rating data of the observational checklist for the psychosocial risk factors related to work contexts such as customer relationship management and customer queue. Conversely, the factors related to work content (workload and boredom measured with different methods (subjective vs. objective showed a discrepancy. Furthermore, subjective measures of psychosocial risk factors were more predictive of workers’ psychological health and exhaustion than rating data. The different objective measures played different roles, however, in terms of their influence on the two health outcomes considered. Conclusions It is important to integrate self-related assessment of stressors with objective measures for a better understanding of workers’ conditions in the workplace. The method presented could be considered a useful methodology for combining the two measures and differentiating the impact of different psychological risk factors related to work content and context on workers’ health.

  5. Impulsivity, Sensation Seeking, and Risk-Taking Behaviors among HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Heroin Dependent Persons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paydary, Koosha; Mahin Torabi, Somayeh; SeyedAlinaghi, SeyedAhmad; Noori, Mehri; Noroozi, Alireza; Ameri, Sara; Ekhtiari, Hamed

    2016-01-01

    Objective. The aim of this study was to compare impulsivity and risky decision making among HIV-positive and negative heroin dependent persons. Methods. We compared different dimensions of impulsivity and risky decision making in two groups of 60 HIV-positive and 60 HIV-negative male heroin dependent persons. Each group was comprised of equal numbers of current (treatment seeker) and former (abstinent) heroin addicts. Data collection tools included Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS), and Zuckerman Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS). Results. In SSS, comprised of four subscales including thrill and adventure seeking (TAS), experience seeking (ES), disinhibition (DIS), and boredom susceptibility (BS), there was a borderline difference in DIS (P = 0.08) as HIV-positive group scored higher than HIV-negative group. Also, ES and total score were significantly higher among HIV-positive patients. In BART, HIV-positive subjects scored higher in risk taking than HIV-negative subjects as reflected in higher Average Number of puffs in Successful Balloons (ANSB). In BIS, HIV-positive group scored significantly higher in cognitive impulsivity (CI) (P = 0.03) and nonplanning impulsivity (NPI) (P = 0.05) in comparison to HIV-negative group. Also, current heroin addicts scored significantly higher in NPI compared to former addict HIV-negative participants (P = 0.015). IGT did not show any significant difference between groups. Conclusion. Higher levels of impulsivity and risk taking behaviors among HIV-positive heroin addicts will increase serious concerns regarding HIV transmission from this group to other opiate dependents and healthy people. PMID:27051528

  6. Review of rearing-related factors affecting the welfare of laying hens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janczak, Andrew M; Riber, Anja B

    2015-07-01

    Laying hens may face a number of welfare problems including: acute and chronic pain caused by beak trimming; exaggerated fearfulness that may cause stress and suffocation; difficulties in locating resources, resulting potentially in emaciation and dehydration; frustration and boredom, caused by an environment that is barren; feather pecking; cannibalism; foot lesions; and bone fractures. In Europe, a greater proportion of laying hens are housed in non-cage systems compared to the rest of the world. The extent of the different welfare problems may therefore vary between countries as the type of housing system influences the risk of suffering. More generally, many of these welfare problems are influenced by the rearing environment of the pullets. This article therefore focuses on welfare problems in laying hens that can be traced back to rearing. Factors that have been studied in relation to their effects on bird welfare include beak trimming, housing type, furnishing, enrichment, feeding, stocking density, flock size, sound and light levels, concentration of gasses, age at transfer from rearing to production facilities, similarity between rearing and production facilities, competence of staff, and interactions between bird strain and environment. The present review aims to summarize rearing-related risk factors of poor welfare in adult laying hens housed according to European Union legislation. It aims to identify gaps in current knowledge, and suggests strategies for improving bird welfare by improving rearing conditions. Two main conclusions of this work are that attempts should be made to use appropriate genetic material and that beak trimming should be limited where possible. In addition to this, the rearing system should provide constant access to appropriate substrates, perches, and mashed feed, and should be as similar as possible to the housing system used for the adult birds. Finally, young birds (pullets) should be moved to the production facilities before

  7. Silas Weir Mitchell and "The Strange Case of George Dedlow".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kline, David G

    2016-07-01

    It has been said of Silas Weir Mitchell (1829-1914) that as a young man he was first among the physiologists of his day, in middle age first among physicians, and as an older man, one of the most noted novelists of his country. Mitchell's novels were written in his later life as a means to avoid boredom during lengthy summer vacations that were the norm for that time among the affluent members of Philadelphia society. These novels were criticized by some because of poor plots, which in some instances failed to move along, or for text that offered a stereotyped depiction of genteel society and the effects that war or personal disaster had on the characters' behavior The criticism came despite the fact that all critics agreed that Mitchell's portrayals of psychopathology in his fictional characters was unique and accurate. However, in his 30s, Mitchell had written and by chance had published a fictional short story that not only transcended such criticisms but became immensely popular. "The Strange Case of George Dedlow" portrays a union officer who was not a physician but who had some medical background and who sustained a series of war wounds leading to severe nerve pain, the author's first description of causalgia, multiple amputations, and the psychological as well as physical symptoms of phantom limb syndrome. The protagonist tells of his torments in the first person in a very engaging fashion. Thus, long before he began writing his, at that time, acclaimed novels in the 1880s, Mitchell wrote a piece of fiction that combines accurate and very important medical observations with fiction of great historical interest. The following rendering of this now classic short story includes selected quotes and some interpretation and is perhaps appropriate for this year, 2 years after the centenary year of his death in 1914.

  8. A review on the occupational health and social security of unorganized workers in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guddi Tiwary

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction is one of the important industries employing a large number of people on its workforce. A wide range of activities are involved in it. Due to the advent of industrialization and recent developments, this industry is taking a pivotal role for construction of buildings, roads, bridges, and so forth. The workers engaged in this industry are victims of different occupational disorders and psychosocial stresses. In India, they belong to the organized and unorganized sectors. However, data in respect to occupational health and psychosocial stress are scanty in our country. It is true that a sizable number of the workforce is from the unorganized sectors − the working hours are more than the stipulated hours of work - the work place is not proper − the working conditions are non-congenial in most of the cases and involve risk factors. Their wages are also not adequate, making it difficult for them to run their families. The hazards include handling of different materials required for construction, and exposure to harsh environmental conditions like sun, rain, and so on. On account of this, in adverse conditions, it results in accidents and adverse health conditions cause psychosocial strain and the like. They are victims of headache, backache, joint pains, skin diseases, lung disorders like silicosis, other muscular skeletal disorders, and so on. The repetitive nature of the work causes boredom and the disproportionate earning compared to the requirements puts them under psychological stress and strain and other abnormal behavioral disorders. The Government of India has realized the importance of this industry and has promulgated an Act in 1996. The state government are being asked to adhere to this, although only a few states have partially enforced it. In this article, attempts have been made to review some of the important available articles for giving a broad idea of the problem and for furtherance of research in this field.

  9. A review on the occupational health and social security of unorganized workers in the construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwary, Guddi; Gangopadhyay, P K

    2011-01-01

    Construction is one of the important industries employing a large number of people on its workforce. A wide range of activities are involved in it. Due to the advent of industrialization and recent developments, this industry is taking a pivotal role for construction of buildings, roads, bridges, and so forth. The workers engaged in this industry are victims of different occupational disorders and psychosocial stresses. In India, they belong to the organized and unorganized sectors. However, data in respect to occupational health and psychosocial stress are scanty in our country. It is true that a sizable number of the workforce is from the unorganized sectors - the working hours are more than the stipulated hours of work - the work place is not proper - the working conditions are non-congenial in most of the cases and involve risk factors. Their wages are also not adequate, making it difficult for them to run their families. The hazards include handling of different materials required for construction, and exposure to harsh environmental conditions like sun, rain, and so on. On account of this, in adverse conditions, it results in accidents and adverse health conditions cause psychosocial strain and the like. They are victims of headache, backache, joint pains, skin diseases, lung disorders like silicosis, other muscular skeletal disorders, and so on. The repetitive nature of the work causes boredom and the disproportionate earning compared to the requirements puts them under psychological stress and strain and other abnormal behavioral disorders. The Government of India has realized the importance of this industry and has promulgated an Act in 1996. The state government are being asked to adhere to this, although only a few states have partially enforced it. In this article, attempts have been made to review some of the important available articles for giving a broad idea of the problem and for furtherance of research in this field.

  10. “It Don’t Mean a Thing if It Ain’t Got that Swing”– an Alternative Concept for Understanding the Evolution of Dance and Music in Human Beings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Joachim; Ostovar, Roya

    2016-01-01

    The functions of dance and music in human evolution are a mystery. Current research on the evolution of music has mainly focused on its melodic attribute which would have evolved alongside (proto-)language. Instead, we propose an alternative conceptual framework which focuses on the co-evolution of rhythm and dance (R&D) as intertwined aspects of a multimodal phenomenon characterized by the unity of action and perception. Reviewing the current literature from this viewpoint we propose the hypothesis that R&D have co-evolved long before other musical attributes and (proto-)language. Our view is supported by increasing experimental evidence particularly in infants and children: beat is perceived and anticipated already by newborns and rhythm perception depends on body movement. Infants and toddlers spontaneously move to a rhythm irrespective of their cultural background. The impulse to dance may have been prepared by the susceptibility of infants to be soothed by rocking. Conceivable evolutionary functions of R&D include sexual attraction and transmission of mating signals. Social functions include bonding, synchronization of many individuals, appeasement of hostile individuals, and pre- and extra-verbal communication enabling embodied individual and collective memorizing. In many cultures R&D are used for entering trance, a base for shamanism and early religions. Individual benefits of R&D include improvement of body coordination, as well as painkilling, anti-depressive, and anti-boredom effects. Rhythm most likely paved the way for human speech as supported by studies confirming the overlaps between cognitive and neural resources recruited for language and rhythm. In addition, dance encompasses visual and gestural communication. In future studies attention should be paid to which attribute of music is focused on and that the close mutual relation between R&D is taken into account. The possible evolutionary functions of dance deserve more attention. PMID:27774058

  11. 中学体育课堂消极因素分析--以会宁县第一中学为例%Analysis of Negative Factors of P.E. Class in Middle Schools--Case Study of the First Middle School of Huining County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨刚

    2015-01-01

    近年来学生体质不断下降,这与学生对体育课的消极因素有着密切的联系。文章通过文献资料法、教学实践法、访谈法以及查阅学校图书馆相关资料,对会宁县第一中学体育课堂消极因素进行调查,经过分析发现,造成对会宁县一中体育课堂消极因素的主要原因是学生对体育课产生的:厌烦、发泄、对立、和恐惧等心理,文章对此现象的改善提出相应的对策,从而提高中学体育课教学质量。%The declining physical fitness of students in recent years was closely linked to the negative factors of students towards physical education. Through the method of document literature, teaching practice, interview and consulting to the school library information, this paper carries on the investigation to the negative factors of P.E. classes in the First Middle School of Huining County. Through the analysis, this paper finds that the major causes of those negative factors towards P.E. classes in the First Middle School of Huining County include the following elements: student’s boredom, vent, opposition, fear and other psychological elements to P.E. classes. This paper puts forward the corresponding countermeasures, so as to improve the teaching quality of middle school’s P.E. classes.

  12. Culture and the Teaching of Chinese Characters in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language%文化与对外汉语教学中汉字的教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温可佳

    2016-01-01

    传统的以语言技能为重心的对外汉语教学已经不能适应新形势的需要,对外汉语教学的目的是培养学习者的交际能力,而不同文化圈的交际活动便形成了跨文化交际行为,因此文化教学成为了对外汉语教学中必不可少的一部分。文化参与汉字教学的方式:字形文化结合,培养兴趣;汉字结构讲解,文化引导;讲述汉字故事,寓教于乐;多种方式练习,预防枯燥。%In the traditional way of Chinese teaching method focusing on language skills cannot meet the needs of the new situation. The aim of teaching Chinese as the second language is to cultivate students' communicative competence. The communication in different cultural circles lead to intercultural communication, so culture teaching has become an essential part of teaching Chinese as the second language. The ways of culture participation in Chinese character teaching are: combining font and culture to cultivate interest; interpreting Chinese characters’ structure to lead in culture; telling the story of Chinese characters to teach through entertainment and practicing in different ways to prevent boredom.

  13. On the Sense of Loneliness in "Border Town"%论《边城》里的孤独意识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈笑雄

    2012-01-01

    自诩为20世纪最后一个浪漫派的沈从文,他一直有实现“人的重造”的浪漫主义的人文理想。从他自己定位为一个“乡下人”这一论断就能够看出他与当时中国主流文化环境的格格不入,异样的身份当然会造就他的孤独。《边城》是他的孩子,它承载的是沈先生的人文理想,“边城”是处于边缘的一块孤独的乡土,一个被建构的艺术世界。作者的孤独,孤独的边城世界,‘最终指向作者所理解的人生的苦闷。“也许”的结局,寓指了他所认为的人类的孤独。%Shen Congwen, who self-proclaimed himself as the last romantic in the 20th Century, has the humanistic ideal of realizing "people and the remaking". He positioned himself as a "countryman",which is different from the mainstream Chi- nese culture environment. His unique identity made his loneliness. "Border town" was his child, which was represented by his humanistic ideal bearing; "Border town" was the edge of a lonely land, a constructed world. The loneliness of the author and the world in the book ultimately leads readers to the understanding of the life of boredom. The ending of "possibility", which refers to what he considers about human solitude.

  14. Scientific Opinion on the use of animal-based measures to assess welfare of broilers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Animal-based measures (ABM can be used effectively in the on-farm evaluation of broiler welfare in relation to laws, codes of practice, quality assurance schemes, management and also partly for ante-mortem inspection. Some ABM can also be taken post-mortem at the slaughterhouse. Non-animal-based measures can be used when the association between them and the welfare outcome is strong and when they are more efficient than ABM as a means to safeguard welfare. They can also be useful predictors of welfare in broilers. The choice of animal-based measures will depend upon the specific objectives of the assessment. The full list is comparable to a ‘toolbox’, from which the appropriate set of measures can be selected. The Welfare Quality® protocol provides information on the majority of the welfare outcomes for the main factors identified in the EFSA Scientific Opinions but not those where time limitation prevents it. There is a lack of research on the use of ABM on-farm and in the slaughterhouse to assess pain, frustration, boredom and other negative or positive emotional states in the standard broiler. There are limited management options to prevent poor welfare when the flock is still in the house e.g. to improve the ventilation system. The same applies to negative consequences arising from genetic selection. There is a need for more systematic flock monitoring and surveillance programmes in the broiler industry. Visual inspection has a very high potential to improve animal welfare in broiler production when a range of appropriate ABM is used in the slaughterhouse. Benchmarking can be used to document welfare changes over time, including automatic monitoring and assessment systems. Attention should also be paid to initial and ongoing training of assessors in the field and in the abattoir to ensure valid and robust measurements.

  15. 感应头盔可用意识发短信%Sensor helmet can send messages by thought waves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    A kind of sensor helmet is devised to receive messages from people's consciousness. "We are trying to enter a world of consciousness," said the designer of this helmet -- inventor Kevin Brown in IBM. The sensor API in this helmet can perceive people's moods such as boredom or excitement. The smartest characteristic of the helmet is the description of the brain wave with the acquiring of the encephalogram. The helmet leads the field in the development of sensor technology and this technology will be used in communication extensively in the near future.%目前,一款能“阅读”人类大脑思想的头盔装置正被设计研发当中,“我们正准备进入意识控制世界”。IBM公司资深发明家凯文·布朗(KevinBrown)最新设计了一种头盔装置(Emotiv头盔).能够探测感知人们的情绪.无论是我们感到厌烦或者兴奋,是集中精力地处理工作任务.还是处于放松休闲状态。同时.该装置还能通过大脑发现人体肌肉的状态.因而探测到笑容或者皱眉以及一些相应的动作反应。

  16. Assessments of maternal psychosocial adaptation for pre-labor hospitalized pregnant women in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuka Nakamura

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Maternal psychosocial adaptation to pregnancy is significant task for women during pregnancy. Antepartum hospitalization is often characterized by maternal anxiety, boredom, feelings of imprisonment, and loneliness. The purpose of this study was to explore maternal psychosocial adaptation during pregnancy for hospitalized pregnant women compared with such adaptation in low-risk pregnant women from a reference population. This was a cross-sectional study with convenience samples of high-risk hospitalized and low-risk mothers. This study was carried out in five hospitals and two clinics between March and December 2009 in several areas of Japan. Subjects were 189 hospitalized women diagnosed with premature labor who had received continuous 24-h treatment with intravenous ritodrine hydrochloride for more than 1 week. The Japanese version of Prenatal Self-Evaluation Questionnaire was administered to measure maternal psychosocial adaptation during pregnancy. Women in hospitalized group had significantly lower adaptation in acceptance of pregnancy and preparation for labor (P<.05-.001 and showed significantly higher adaptation in identification of a motherhood role and relationship with her husband. Moreover, in hospitalized group, relationship with her husband showed significantly higher adaptation (P<.05 in primipara, acceptance of pregnancy and preparation for labor were significantly lower adaptation score (P<.01-.001 in multipara. Hospitalized pre-term pregnant women should be assessed maternal psychosocial adaptation especially the domains of acceptance of pregnancy, preparation for labor, relationship with her husband, and identification of a motherhood role. Health care provider should know the character and background of those women as well as the character of primipara and multipara.

  17. Sensation seeking related to varied definition of risk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dastol, O.U.; Drottz-Sjoberg, B.M. [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Dragvoll (Norway). Dept. of Psychology

    1998-07-01

    This pilot study is based on the assumption that the normal use of the word risk varies across subjects. It has been shown in previous risk perception studies that some people report their definition or normal use of the concept of risk as e.g. mainly probability, a combination of probability and consequences, mainly consequences, or due to the nature of the event (Drottz-Sjoeberg, 1991). Another field of research has developed measures for personality traits, i.e. facets of Sensation Seeking; Disinhibition, Thrill and Adventure Seeking, Experience Seeking, and Boredom Susceptibility (Zuckerman, 1994). The design of the present study involved three independent groups of first year psychology students (N=93). They were presented with one of three response formats regarding their normal use of the word risk, i.e. an open-ended format, separate ratings of four items suggesting a definition of risk on five-point scales, and one single five-point scale with the extremes labelled probability and consequences, and with their combination as the scale mid-point. The results showed, e.g. that the typical open-ended response to the personal definition of risk was 'danger', but among the responses were also 'chance', and 'outcome'. Another finding was that people who defined risk as 'outcome' and 'chance', using the open-ended format tended to score higher on the total Sensation Seeking Scale than those who defined risk as 'danger'. In addition, subjects who defined risk as the 'combination' of probability and consequences, using other response formats, also tended to score higher on the total Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS), especially as compared to those defining risk as the 'probability' of an event. (authors)

  18. Aesthetic analysis of the mirror images in the poetry of the Song Dynasty%宋词“镜”意象的审美探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林盛禹

    2012-01-01

    As the close thing for women in ancient China,the mirror exhibit colorful,aesthetical emotions and melancholy in the lines of the writers and poets.The abundant mirror images appearing in the poetry of the Song Dynasty denote some aesthetic,subtle feelings,which suggest the lapse of time,the helplessness of aging for a woman,the boredom of boudoir life and the anxiety of missing their lovers.The mirror images in the poetry of Song Dynasty not only embody the situation of people's lives and the poets' inner world of sensitivity at that time,but also reflect the cultural glory of the Song Dynasty.%镜子是古代女子闺中之物,在骚人墨客的笔下,呈现出多彩多姿的审美情思。宋词中出现的大量镜子的意象,其审美指向大多都蕴含着光阴流逝、容貌随时间逝去而衰老的无奈、深闺生活的百无聊赖及思念他人时彷徨的心境等细腻的感情。宋词中的镜子意象,一方面反映了当时人们的生活境况及词人敏感细腻的内心世界,另一方面也折射出宋代的文化光辉。

  19. Better life, better work: implications about life style and working capability for sci-tech journal editors%生活精彩,工作才能精彩——18年编辑生涯感悟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁滨

    2013-01-01

    由于科技期刊工作的特点,长期从事科技期刊编辑工作容易出现焦虑、厌倦、淡漠情绪.认为:科技期刊编辑只有生活精彩,工作才能精彩.应保持生活的激情、思维的活力、怡情的爱好、写作的热情和优雅的形象.只要热爱生活,就能保持工作的动力与创意的源泉,灵感与思路、热情与干劲,让编辑工作在快乐愉悦中完成,实现自我效能的最佳发挥.%Some negative emotions such as anxiety,boredom and apathy are likely to occur among sci-tech journal editors who have been long engaged in this career due to the characteristics of journal editing work.Based on the author's experiences,it is believed that colorful life style can bring wonderful work.Sci-tech journal editors should keep intense passion to life,brisk thinking,cheerful hobbies,enthusiasm to writing,and gentle appearance.Editors will maintain passion of working,source of innovation,inspiration,thinking and enthusiasm if they love life,and can agreeably accomplish editor's career planning to show the best self-efficacy.

  20. Areca nut use among rural residents of Sriperambudur Taluk: A qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunaseelan R

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O0 bjective: The main objective of the study was to understand the perceptions of the residents of rural part of Sriperambudur Taluk, regarding areca nut use. This article discusses the findings of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions at rural part of Sriperambudur Taluk. Materials and Methods: A community-based survey was conducted using qualitative methods. Out of 168 villages, 11 were randomly chosen. Fifteen in-depth interviews and five focus group discussions were conducted. Only those above 10 years of age and who used areca nut either in processed or un-processed form were included in the study. Results: Among different forms of areca nut products, the use of Hans, which is a commercial flavored product containing areca nut, tobacco and other ingredients is believed to be the most prevalent habit in all the age groups. Chewing areca nut is the initiating habit, leading to other habits such as smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages. Residents less than 30 years of age chew areca nut products for fun or because of peer pressure whereas the 30 to 50 year olds get habituated due to reasons such as boredom and family problems. Although there is awareness regarding the ill-effects of tobacco use, there is not much awareness regarding areca nut. According to the residents, the community has not given enough thought regarding areca nut products and therefore no action has been taken to mitigate this high-risk behavior. Conclusion: It is the perception of the community that there is an increasing trend in the use of areca nut especially the commercial forms such as Hans , in rural Tamilnadu. Habit gets initiated at a very young age; therefore age specific intervention programs should be implemented. Periodic research should be conducted to better understand the changing trends of chewing areca nut products.

  1. El campo como refugio, el ocio como instrumento. Las cátedras ambulantes y la política juvenil de Sección Femenina en el Sureste, 1953-1964

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofía Rodríguez López

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata las estrategias de supervivencia de la SF de FET-JONS durante el denominado “Segundo Franquismo”. Eclipsada por la Iglesia, la organización optó por replegarse al campo para seguir atendiendo a su población de influencia: mujeres y jóvenes que seguían demandando mediación social, frente a unas ciudades cada vez más refractarias. Las cátedras ambulantes gozaron de cierta popularidad en los recónditos pueblos de interior y los recién creados por el Instituto de Colonización, jaleadas por los coros y danzas, las actividades deportivas, y los cursos de industrias rurales. Las campesinas, mientras tanto, hallaron en ellas el medio para sobrellevar el aburrimiento y hacerse con el Servicio Social.Palabras clave: Sección Femenina, mundo rural, ocio, juventud, franquismo._______________ This article deals with the Female Section of FET-JONS survival strategies during the so-called "Second Francoism". Overshad-owed by the elongated shadow of Opus Dei, the organization chose to retreat to the fields in order to continue seeing their population of influence: women and girls who still were demanding social mediation over the increasingly refractory cities. There, the itinerant schools get some popularity because of the choirs and dances, sports activities, and courses of rural industries. Rural women, meanwhile, found in interior villages and the new ones created by the Institute of Colonization a way to deal with the boredom and gain Social Service.Keywords: Female Section, rural world, leisure, youth, Francoism.

  2. Shallow Theory of Biology Classroom Humor%生物课堂幽默浅论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范旭东

    2014-01-01

    与初中生物相比,高中生物知识的广度和深度都有所增加,知识相对来说比较抽象,容易使课堂变得枯燥无味。学生在课堂中很容易无精打采,产生厌倦情绪。如果在平时的课堂中加入一些幽默化的元素,不仅可以起到化繁为简的目的,也可以激发学生对生物学科的兴趣。正如苏联著名教育家斯维特洛夫所说:“教育家最主要的也是第一位的助手是幽默。”结合教学实践谈了生物课堂的幽默。%Compared with middle school biology,the high school biology increased breadth and depth of knowledge,knowledge is relatively abstract,easy to become boring classroom. Students in the classroom is easy to slouch,boredom. If in the usual classroom add some elements of humor,not only can rise to change numerous for brief,the purpose of can also stimulate students interest in biology. As the famous educator thwaite rove says:“educator is the most important and the first assistant humor.” Talk about the biological classroom humor combined with teaching practice.

  3. UPAYA GURU DALAM MENGATASI HAMBATAN PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH PADA KTSP DI SMP NEGERI 39 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukluk Alfi Hidayah

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Application of KTSP is expected to ward off the perception of learning history that is felt very boring and less meaningful. Based on the results of research carried out in SMP Negeri 39 Semarang, it shows that the curriculum encourages teachers to improve their creativity by having the ability to plan learning according to curriculum. Teacher’s creativity can also be seen from how he/she overcomes learning problems in a one and a half hour of history class. On of the problem is student’s boredom making teacher cut the learning hour to 40 minutes. Second, problem related to the lack of media, such as pictures of history, atlas and proper KTSP books. So far, teacher use books relevant to KRSP, accompanied by some efforts which are very useful in understanding student learning history. The minimum limit that must be achieved is 65 and it has relatively been achieved.   Keywords: KTSP, learning barriers, history  Penerapan KTSP diharapkan untuk menangkal persepsi belajar sejarah yang dirasakan sangat membosankan dan kurang bermakna. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang dilakukan di SMP Negeri 39 Semarang bahwa kurikulum mendorong guru untuk meningkatkan kreativitas mereka dengan memiliki kemampuan untuk merencanakan pembelajaran sesuai dengan kurikulum, kreativitas guru juga dapat dilihat dari pelaksanaan dalam mengatasi hambatan belajar yang sekitar satu sejaah jam pelajaran siswa sangat memberatkan, pelajaran guru berusaha mengurangi jam hingga 40 menit, kedua kendala dalam hal media minim, dengan media mengubah gambar sejarah, Atlas, untuk buku KTSP yang sesuai, sejauh ini guru menggantinya dengan buku-buku yang relevan dengan KTSP. Upaya guru dapat dilihat keberhasilannya dengan aktivitas siswa dan semangat berpartisipasi dalam belajar sejarah. Dalam belajar sejarah batas-batas yang harus dicapai siswa penguasaan minimum adalah 65, dan relatif telah tercapai.   Kata kunci: KTSP, pembelajaran hambatan, sejarah  

  4. 竞争性情景锻炼对大学生自卑感干预的个案实验研究%The Case Experimental Study of University Students Inferiority Intervention in Competitive Scene Exercise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳川; 唐金根; 丛向辉

    2011-01-01

    Designing and applying basketball competitiveness scene exercise prescription, with the 12 weeks intervention experiment to four students with seri- ous inferiority,the author found out that the competitive scene exercise can help the student master the basketball technology, the tactic and improves the pkysical quality, and can eliminate the self-suspicion and the denial psychology effectively, the enhancement knows and appraises own ability; eliminate the interpersonal relationship sensitive effectively, set up and strengthen self-confidenee; eliminate effectively boredom, the hostile feeling, enhancement coupera- tion consciousness, ability. And the suitable exercise scene physical training may through the self-respect, the general self-potency feeling have the positive in- fluence to the university student inferiority.%设计并应用篮球竞争性情景锻炼处方,对4名具有严重自卑感的大学生进行12周的干预实验。结果发现:竞争性情景锻炼在促使学生掌握篮球技术、战术和提高身体素质的基础上,能有效地消除自我怀疑和否定心理,增强认识和评价自己的能力;树立和增强自信心;同时能有效地消除厌烦、敌对等负面情绪,增强合作意识、能力。此外,适宜的竞争性体育锻炼可以通过自尊、一般自我效能感对大学生克服自卑感产生积极的影响。

  5. Characteristics of internet addiction/pathological internet use in U.S. university students: a qualitative-method investigation.

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    Wen Li

    Full Text Available Studies have identified high rates and severe consequences of Internet Addiction/Pathological Internet Use (IA/PIU in university students. However, most research concerning IA/PIU in U.S. university students has been conducted within a quantitative research paradigm, and frequently fails to contextualize the problem of IA/PIU. To address this gap, we conducted an exploratory qualitative study using the focus group approach and examined 27 U.S. university students who self-identified as intensive Internet users, spent more than 25 hours/week on the Internet for non-school or non-work-related activities and who reported Internet-associated health and/or psychosocial problems. Students completed two IA/PIU measures (Young's Diagnostic Questionnaire and the Compulsive Internet Use Scale and participated in focus groups exploring the natural history of their Internet use; preferred online activities; emotional, interpersonal, and situational triggers for intensive Internet use; and health and/or psychosocial consequences of their Internet overuse. Students' self-reports of Internet overuse problems were consistent with results of standardized measures. Students first accessed the Internet at an average age of 9 (SD = 2.7, and first had a problem with Internet overuse at an average age of 16 (SD = 4.3. Sadness and depression, boredom, and stress were common triggers of intensive Internet use. Social media use was nearly universal and pervasive in participants' lives. Sleep deprivation, academic under-achievement, failure to exercise and to engage in face-to-face social activities, negative affective states, and decreased ability to concentrate were frequently reported consequences of intensive Internet use/Internet overuse. IA/PIU may be an underappreciated problem among U.S. university students and warrants additional research.

  6. Psychiatric morbidity in asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V S Chauhan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Psychiatric morbidity in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV patients is being studied all over the world. There is paucity of Indian literature particularly in asymptomatic HIV individuals. Aim: The aim of the following study is to establish the prevalence and the determinants of psychiatric morbidity in asymptomatic HIV patients. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken to assess psychiatric morbidity as per ICD-10 dacryocystorhinostomy criteria in 100 consecutive asymptomatic seropositive HIV patients and an equal number of age, sex, education, economic and marital status matched HIV seronegative control. All subjects were assessed with the general health questionnaire (GHQ, mini mental status examination, hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS and sensation seeking scale (SSS and the scores were analyzed statistically. Results: Asymptomatic HIV positive patients had significantly higher GHQ caseness and depression but not anxiety on HADS as compared to HIV seronegative controls. On SSS asymptomatic HIV seropositive subjects showed significant higher scores in thrill and adventure seeking, experience seeking and boredom susceptibility as compared to controls. HIV seropositive patients had significantly higher incidence of total psychiatric morbidity. Among the individual disorders, alcohol dependence syndrome, sexual dysfunction and adjustment disorder were significantly increased compared with HIV seronegative controls. Conclusion: Psychiatric morbidity is higher in asymptomatic HIV patients when compared to HIV seronegative controls. Among the individual disorders, alcohol dependence syndrome, sexual dysfunction and adjustment disorder were significantly increased compared with HIV seronegative controls. High sensation seeking and substance abuse found in HIV seropositive patients may play a vital role in engaging in high-risk behavior resulting in this dreaded illness.

  7. Leading clever people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goffee, Rob; Jones, Gareth

    2007-03-01

    In an economy driven by ideas and intellectual know-how, top executives recognize the importance of employing smart, highly creative people. But if clever people have one defining characteristic, it's that they do not want to be led. So what is a leader to do? The authors conducted more than 100 interviews with leaders and their clever people at major organizations such as PricewaterhouseCoopers, Cisco Systems, Novartis, the BBC, and Roche. What they learned is that the psychological relationships effective leaders have with their clever people are very different from the ones they have with traditional followers. Those relationships can be shaped by seven characteristics that clever people share: They know their worth--and they know you have to employ them if you want their tacit skills. They are organizationally savvy and will seek the company context in which their interests are most generously funded. They ignore corporate hierarchy; although intellectual status is important to them, you can't lure them with promotions. They expect instant access to top management, and if they don't get it, they may think the organization doesn't take their work seriously. They are plugged into highly developed knowledge networks, which both increases their value and makes them more of a flight risk. They have a low boredom threshold, so you have to keep them challenged and committed. They won't thank you--even when you're leading them well. The trick is to act like a benevolent guardian: to grant them the respect and recognition they demand, protect them from organizational rules and politics, and give them room to pursue private efforts and even to fail. The payoff will be a flourishing crop of creative minds that will enrich your whole organization. PMID:17348171

  8. Impulsivity, Sensation Seeking, and Risk-Taking Behaviors among HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Heroin Dependent Persons

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    Koosha Paydary

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study was to compare impulsivity and risky decision making among HIV-positive and negative heroin dependent persons. Methods. We compared different dimensions of impulsivity and risky decision making in two groups of 60 HIV-positive and 60 HIV-negative male heroin dependent persons. Each group was comprised of equal numbers of current (treatment seeker and former (abstinent heroin addicts. Data collection tools included Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART, Iowa Gambling Task (IGT, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS, and Zuckerman Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS. Results. In SSS, comprised of four subscales including thrill and adventure seeking (TAS, experience seeking (ES, disinhibition (DIS, and boredom susceptibility (BS, there was a borderline difference in DIS (P=0.08 as HIV-positive group scored higher than HIV-negative group. Also, ES and total score were significantly higher among HIV-positive patients. In BART, HIV-positive subjects scored higher in risk taking than HIV-negative subjects as reflected in higher Average Number of puffs in Successful Balloons (ANSB. In BIS, HIV-positive group scored significantly higher in cognitive impulsivity (CI (P=0.03 and nonplanning impulsivity (NPI (P=0.05 in comparison to HIV-negative group. Also, current heroin addicts scored significantly higher in NPI compared to former addict HIV-negative participants (P=0.015. IGT did not show any significant difference between groups. Conclusion. Higher levels of impulsivity and risk taking behaviors among HIV-positive heroin addicts will increase serious concerns regarding HIV transmission from this group to other opiate dependents and healthy people.

  9. Workload: Measurement and Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gore, Brian Francis; Casner, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Poster: The workload research project has as its task to survey the available literature on: (1) workload measurement techniques; and (2) the effects of workload on operator performance. The first set of findings provides practitioners with a collection of simple-to-use workload measurement techniques along with characterizations of the kinds of tasks each technique has been shown reliably address. This allows design practitioners to select and use the most appropriate techniques for the task(s) at hand. The second set of findings provides practitioners with the guidance they need to design for appropriate kinds and amounts of workload across all tasks for which the operator is responsible. This guidance helps practitioners design systems and procedures that ensure appropriate levels of engagement across all tasks, and avoid designs and procedures that result in operator boredom, complacency, loss of awareness, undue levels of stress, or skill atrophy that can result from workload that distracts operators from the tasks they perform and monitor, workload levels that are too low, too high, or too consistent or predictable. Only those articles that were peer reviewed, long standing and generally accepted in the field, and applicable to a relevant range of conditions in a select domain of interest, in analogous "extreme" environments to those in space were included. In addition, all articles were reviewed and evaluated on uni-dimensional and multi-dimensional considerations. Casner & Gore also examined the notion of thresholds and the conditions that may benefit mostly from the various methodological approaches. Other considerations included whether the tools would be suitable for guiding a requirement-related and design-related question. An initial review of over 225 articles was conducted and entered into an EndNote database. The reference list included a range of conditions in the domain of interest (subjective/objective measures), the seminal works in workload, as

  10. Impact of utilisation of uncompleted handouts on power point presentations (PPT) in rural Indian medical institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    BHAISARE, ROSHAN; KAMBLE, BHAVNA

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Note taking while attending a PPT requires high activity of memory and writing process which ultimately leads to what is called “death by power point” referring to boredom and fatigue.  To overcome this we planned to evaluate the impact of utilisation of uncompleted handouts given prior to PPT presentations. Methods Final year MBBS students were divided in 2 batches, batch A and batch B.  For a set of lectures one batch was provided with handouts before lecture while the other batch was given lectures only. Crossover was done to avoid bias, all the lectures being given by the same presenter.  At the end of each lecture, a short questionnaire of 10 Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) was provided to the students. Mean scores were calculated for lectures with handouts and without handouts. Results For a set of lectures, when batch A was provided with handouts, the mean score was 28.2; for batch B to which no handouts were given the mean score was 23.4. Similarly, for batch B when provided with handouts the mean score was 29.1, for batch A which was not provided with handouts the mean score was 24. There was an average increase of 4.2 marks. Actual gain when handouts were provided was 1.2 marks per lecture.  It was more for the batch comprising of repeater students as compared to the batch of fresher students. Increase in attendance was also noted. Conclusion Providing uncompleted handouts before a didactic lecture definitely results in increase in knowledge gain; repeater students benefit more with uncompleted handouts, PMID:27382583

  11. Study on Factors Associated With Chronic Low Back Pain in Western India

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    Vikki J Parikh

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Low back pain is a leading cause of disability. It occurs in similar proportions in all cultures, interferes with quality of life and work performance, and is the most common reason for medical consultations. Few cases of back pain are due to specific causes; most cases are non-specific. Acute back pain is the most common presentation and is usually self-limiting, lasting less than three months regardless of treatment. Chronic back pain is a more difficult problem, which often has strong psychological overlay: work dissatisfaction, boredom, and a generous compensation system contribute to it. Methodology: This is a retrospective study. The study was conducted in private multispecialty hospital of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Data from April 2014 to March 2015 was analyzed. Permission was taken from the hospital authority to conduct the study and stringent confidentiality of data was maintained at all levels of the project. Result: We have analyzed data of 210 patients diagnosed with chronic low back pain. People between age of 36 years to 40 years were most common culprits. Among these, 82 (39.05% were male and 128 (60.95% were female. Among males, 65 (79.27 were overweight (BMI >= 25.00 and among females, 95 (74.22% were overweight. Disc prolapse was most common diagnosis in both males and females. It was followed by fractures and Lumber spondylosis. Conclusion: Females were more affected by Lower back pain. People in age group of 36 years to 40 years were commonly affected. Disc prolapsed was most common the most common diagnosis. [Natl J Med Res 2016; 6(2.000: 140-142

  12. La tecnología como motor de la innovación educativa. Estrategia y política institucional de la Universidad de Alicante

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    Llorens Largo, Faraón

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Technological innovation has to be standarized. It is not just a few-freaks-game to kill boredom experimenting with new ideas and tools from technological advances. Universities must acknowledge and empower innovative good practices. They must profit from these practices and set up strategies to lead all of us to better accomplish their educational mission. However, internal policies of each university should be based on justified fundamentals and must be shared by all its community. This paper is divided in three blocks. The first one, strategies to improve teaching + learning through the use of technology, establishes the fundamentals where the University of Alicante lays on. The second one explains the strategy and institutional policies of the University of Alicante during 2005-2008 period, as something already stated and proven. The third block anticipates planning and master lines for 2009-2012 period. Finally, this paper closes with some deep thoughts not to forget lessons learnt and not to make already known mistakes, thus running the right way.La innovación educativa debe de oficializarse. No es sólo cuestión de unos pocos locos que no tienen otra cosa mejor a la que dedicar su tiempo que experimentar con las ideas y herramientas que los avances tecnológicos ponen a nuestro alcance. Las universidades deben reconocer y potenciar esas buenas prácticas innovadoras. Deben alinearlas con su misión y establecer estrategias que nos conduzcan a su cumplimiento. Pero la política interna de cada universidad debe basarse en unos fundamentos que la justifiquen y debe ser compartida por toda la comunidad universitaria. Así, este articulo se estructura en tres bloques. Un primer bloque, estrategias de mejora de la enseñanza+aprendizaje por medio de la tecnología, que establece esos principios sobre los que se sustenta la política de la Universidad de Alicante. El segundo bloque está dedicado a explicar la estrategia y pol

  13. A counselor in your pocket: feasibility of mobile health tailored messages to support HIV medication adherence

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    Cook PF

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Paul F Cook,1 Jane M Carrington,2 Sarah J Schmiege,1 Whitney Starr,3 Blaine Reeder11University of Colorado College of Nursing, Aurora, CO, USA; 2University of Arizona College of Nursing, Tucson, AZ, USA; 3University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USAPurpose: Medication adherence is a major challenge in HIV treatment. New mobile technologies such as smartphones facilitate the delivery of brief tailored messages to promote adherence. However, the best approach for tailoring messages is unknown. Persons living with HIV (PLWH might be more receptive to some messages than others based on their current psychological state.Methods: We recruited 37 PLWH from a parent study of motivational states and adherence. Participants completed smartphone-based surveys at a random time every day for 2 weeks, then immediately received intervention or control tailored messages, depending on random assignment. After 2 weeks in the initial condition, participants received the other condition in a crossover design. Intervention messages were tailored to match PLWH’s current psychological state based on five variables – control beliefs, mood, stress, coping, and social support. Control messages were tailored to create a mismatch between message framing and participants’ current psychological state. We evaluated intervention feasibility based on acceptance, ease of use, and usefulness measures. We also used pilot randomized controlled trial methods to test the intervention’s effect on adherence, which was measured using electronic caps that recorded pill-bottle openings.Results: Acceptance was high based on 76% enrollment and 85% satisfaction. Participants found the hardware and software easy to use. However, attrition was high at 59%, and usefulness ratings were slightly lower. The most common complaint was boredom. Unexpectedly, there was no difference between mismatched and matched messages’ effects, but each group showed a 10%–15% improvement

  14. Emotion and Learning:Dynamic Transition of Academic Emotions%情绪与学习:学业情绪的动态转换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨莹莹

    2014-01-01

    Dynamic transitions of academic emotions refer to the interconversion among various emotional experi-ences which are connected to studentsˊacademic activities in the teaching or learning process. The study of academic emo-tions not statically focuses on a certain affective,such as anxiety,boredom,confusion,curiosity,frustration,but consid-er emotion transitions on the basis of the relationship among learning contexts,interactive objects and learning materials. Dynamic transitions of academic emotions have an important impact on learning and its sustainable development. This ar-ticle,based on experimental studies,summarizes the conversion relationship of different emotions,situations,methods and expression features of academic emotions. Further exploration can focus on the relationship of individual differences of learners,learning situations and different regulating mode of emotions,it will further promote the positive effect of emo-tions on learning.%学业情绪动态转换指教学或学习过程中与学习者学习相关的各种情绪体验之间的相互转换。对学业情绪的研究不是静态地集中于某一种情绪,如焦虑、厌烦、困惑、好奇、挫折感等,而是在考虑学习情境、互动对象和学习材料之间关系的基础上研究学习者的情绪变化。学业情绪动态转换研究对学习者学习及其持续发展具有重要的影响。本文在相关实验研究的基础上,总结了不同情绪之间的转换关系、研究情境、研究方法以及学业情绪的表情特征。未来研究中如果对学习者的个体差异、学习情境以及不同学业情绪的调节方式之间的关系进一步探索,可以更进一步促进情绪对学习的积极作用。

  15. Application of Hilbert marginal energy spectrum in speech emotion recognition%Hilbert边际能量谱在语音情感识别中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶吉祥; 胡海翔

    2014-01-01

    Emotional feature extraction plays an important role in speech emotion recognition. Due to the limitations of traditional signal processing methods, traditional phonetic features, especially in terms of frequency domain features, are unable to reflect precisely phonetic emotional characteristic, which leads to a low emotion recognition rate. This paper proposes a new method. Firstly, Hilbert-Huang Transform(HHT)is used in order to process speech signal, thus to obtain Hilbert marginal energy spectrum. Then, a comparison and relative analysis based on Mel-scale is carried out, afterwards a new array of emotional features are obtained, which consists of Mel-Frequency Marginal Energy Coefficient(MFEC), Mel-frequency Sub-band Spectral Centroid(MSSC)and Mel-frequency Sub-band Spectral Flatness(MSSF). Finally, the five kinds of speech emotion namely sadness, happiness, boredom, anger and neutral are recognized by using the Support Vector Machine(SVM). The experimental results show that the new emotional features extracted by this method have better recognition performance.%情感特征的提取是语音情感识别的重要方面。由于传统信号处理方法的局限,使得提取的传统声学特征特别是频域特征并不准确,不能很好地表征语音的情感特性,因而对情感识别率不高。利用希尔伯特黄变换(HHT)对情感语音进行处理,得到情感语音的希尔伯特边际能量谱;通过对不同情感语音的边际能量谱基于Mel尺度的比较分析,提出了一组新的情感特征:Mel频率边际能量系数(MFEC)、Mel频率子带频谱质心(MSSC)、Mel频率子带频谱平坦度(MSSF);利用支持向量机(SVM)对5种情感语音即悲伤、高兴、厌倦、愤怒和平静进行了识别。实验结果表明,通过该方法提取的新的情感特征具有较好的识别效果。

  16. Biografia intelektualna Emila Ciorana (Emil Cioran's Intellectual Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sławomir Piechaczek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available On the formation of Cioran’s vision of the world and man, influenced largely his belonging to precisely this and no other nation. Romanian fatalism, inability to illusions, seeing the inevitable, the Romanian people’s faith in the fact that sin and creation are the same and constant accusations against this creation are the constitutiveelements of Cioran’s thought. Carrying the baggage of experiences of the nation thrown out of history and time, Cioran, as a Romanian emigrant in France, found the best model for his own writing in rhetorical and satirical tradition of the French moralists of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, who were a combination of“lyrical sublimity and cynicism”, gentleness and hell. They showed him not only what is uncompromising in pursuing the motives of human action, looking at every thing from many different perspectives, or suspicion of any kind of doctrine, but they also became for him a model of style. Of all literary forms cultivated by moralists, Cioranappreciated most the fragment, that is to say a closed form, often paradoxical and witty that having nothing in common with the characteristic for large systems long strings of argument – that was a form of recording experience, and like this experience, assumed discontinuity. Being a spokesperson for the “philosophy of the onlymoments”, Cioran advocated not only against the system, but also against academic philosophy – grown with indifference, regardless of the state of mind, it seemed to him the result of reduction of vitality and a kind of escape into the impersonal world of unrest. State, which fully made Cioran realize the futility resorting to this kind of philosophy, was insomnia, from which the Romanian philosopher had suffered more or less since he was seventeen. According to the author of the Fall in the Time insomnia and boredom are the “minimum imbalance”, which we have to experience, when we want to get closer to some

  17. On the Tour Guide′s Professional Identity in Transition:A Case Study of Tour Guides in Nanchang City%转型期导游的职业认同研究--对南昌市导游职业者的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏琦; 黄平芳

    2015-01-01

    通过对南昌市导游从业者的调查,本文对转型期导游的职业认同状况进行研究。导游的职业认同是一个自我认识与他人定位的符号互动过程,调查显示在这两个维度上形成了乐观型、焦虑型、厌倦型和失落型四种职业认同状态;导游普遍对自我职业积极认知评价,而他者则普遍对导游职业消极认知评价;导游的职业认同状态还与其经济收入和学历层次等因素相关。因此,导游应提高业务素质和自我认识,家庭、组织以及社会更要给予导游充分的支持和鼓励,以改善和消除目前导游职业认同的不良状态。%This paper studies tour guide′s professional identity during the transition through the further investigation into Nanchang city .The research results show that the tour guide′s professional identity is a symbol interaction process of self-knowledge and positioning with others .In two dimensions of self -recognition and other -recognition , there are four types of traits for professional identity status:optimism, anxiety, boredom, and loss;tour guide′s self-profession gener-ally forms positive and cognitive appraisal , while the others commonly has negative and cognitive evaluation;tour guide′s professional identity status is related to its economic factors , such as income and education .To avoid and eliminate the adverse state of tour guide career identity , the tour guide should first improve the service quality and self -awareness , families, groups and the society should give more guide full support and encouragement .

  18. Geomorphic tipping points: convenient metaphor or fundamental landscape property?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Stuart

    2016-04-01

    In 2000 Malcolm Gladwell published as book that has done much to publicise Tipping Points in society but also in academia. His arguments, re-expressed in a geomorphic sense, have three core elements: (1) a "Law of the Few", where rapid change results from the effects of a relatively restricted number of critical elements, ones that are able to rapidly connect systems together, that are particularly sensitive to an external force, of that are spatially organised in a particular way; (2) a "Stickiness" where an element of the landscape is able to assimilate characteristics which make it progressively more applicable to the "Law of the Few"; and (3), given (1) and (2) a history and a geography that means that the same force can have dramatically different effects, according to where and when it occurs. Expressed in this way, it is not clear that Tipping Points bring much to our understanding in geomorphology that existing concepts (e.g. landscape sensitivity and recovery; cusp-catastrophe theory; non-linear dynamics systems) do not already provide. It may also be all too easy to describe change in geomorphology as involving a Tipping Point: we know that geomorphic processes often involve a non-linear response above a certain critical threshold; we know that landscapes can, after Denys Brunsden, be though of as involving long periods of boredom ("stability") interspersed with brief moments of terror ("change"); but these are not, after Gladwell, sufficient for the term Tipping Point to apply. Following from these issues, this talk will address three themes. First, it will question, through reference to specific examples, notably in high Alpine systems, the extent to which the Tipping Point analogy is truly a property of the world in which we live. Second, it will explore how 'tipping points' become assigned metaphorically, sometimes evolving to the point that they themselves gain agency, that is, shaping the way we interpret landscape rather than vice versa. Third, I

  19. Deporte entre rejas. ¿Algo más que control social?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martos García, Daniel

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Sport practices belong to the prison’s landscape. Nevertheless, there is a lack of knowledge about the role they play in prisons ordinary life. Therefore, we developed an ethnographic study, mainly located in the sports hall of a Spanish prison, to understand exercise and sport meanings among inmates, workers, educators and monitors. Data indicate that social rehabilitation through sport is an illusion, although it is the official goal of imprisonment. Even so, participants assign different benefits to exercise and sport, especially inmates. Educative potential of self-control through sport and, mainly, distraction and compensation strategy to cope with boredom, time and confinement’s physical and mental problems are among them. Paper concludes that exercise and sport can play a symbolic ‘evasion’ and personal liberation, but are constrained by a context in which control and order are at the forefront of everything.

    Las actividades deportivas forman parte del paisaje de las prisiones. Sin embargo, escasea el conocimiento sobre el papel que desempeñan en la vida cotidiana de las cárceles. Por ello realizamos un estudio etnográfico, principalmente en el polideportivo de una prisión española, dirigido a comprender los significados que el ejercicio físico y el deporte tenían para los presos, funcionarios, educadores y monitores. Los resultados indican que la reinserción mediante estas prácticas es una ilusión, a pesar de ser la finalidad oficial de la reclusión. Aun así, les asignan diversos beneficios, especialmente los presos y presas. Entre ellos se encuentra el potencial educativo ligado al autocontrol y, sobre todo, el entretenimiento y la compensación para ocupar el tiempo, huir del hastío y sobrellevar los problemas del encierro. El artículo concluye que el ejercicio y el deporte pueden tener un papel de “evasión” simbólica y liberación personal, aunque los presos viven atenazados por un contexto en el que

  20. 澳门戒烟门诊戒烟人士吸烟原因及行为分析%Analysis for causes of smoking and its related behavior among visitors at smoking cessation clinics in Macao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗子超; 萧巧玲; 杨咏瑶; 区敏琪; 余育璇

    2011-01-01

    以简单随机取样方法对戒烟门诊接受戒烟服务的269名戒烟者采用统一问卷做调查.起初吸烟的原因中以受朋友影响最为常见(53名,占53.0%),感觉吸烟能减压的88名(占32.7%),心瘾是阻碍戒烟的最常见原因(221名,占82.2%),继续吸烟的原因中以心瘾、烦闷、心情不佳及无聊、孤独等心理原因最常见,占79.6%(214名).提示诱使吸烟与吸烟者的心理因素有关系,现阶段要对戒烟人士加强心理卫生教育,协助戒烟者放松心情、减压和消除负面情绪的技巧.相关部门应针对青少年进行烟害防治的宣传教育,预防青少年成为惯性吸烟者.%Two-hundred and sixty-nine smokers who visited smoking cessation clinics in Macao were recruited into the study by simple random sampling, and each of them was interviewed with a standardized questionnaire. The most common causes of initiating smoking included peer influence (53/100, 53% ) and belief in that smoking could relieve stress (88/269, 32. 7% ). The most common barrier to smoking cessation was psychological dependence (221/269, 82.2%), and others such as annoyance, low spirit, boredom and loneliness that lead them to continue smoking, which accounting for 79. 6% (214/269). It issuggested that smoking initiation relates to human psychological factors. At current stage, psychological health education needs to be strengthened for those who want to quit, helping them to learn skills of relaxation, stress relief and elimination of negative emotion. In order to prevent young people from being habitual smokers, relevant sectors should organize more anti-smoking campaigns targeted at adolescents.

  1. 不同球类团体游戏在趣味网球课的应用%Application of Different Ball Group Games in Fun Tennis Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟

    2016-01-01

    Tennis is one of the most difficult programs in ball sport and the difficulty of learning it has caused many students to give up due to their poor mastery.In teaching,traditional tennis teaching emphasizes mechanical backswing and swing action.Repeated and boring practice is also the major reason for the loss of students’ interest.Taking the basic techniques of tennis forehand,backhand,serve and volley,the paper designs fun tennis teaching method for the 5 group competitive programs with the intention to improve students’study interest, consolidate basic techniques of tennis by fun teaching and cultivate the spirit of team honor in group competition. The paper hopes to transform tennis class from boredom to interest and students’learning from passive to positive.%网球是球类运动里面困难度最高的项目之一,由于难度高不易学习,学生常常因为无法掌握要领而打退堂鼓。另外在教学方面,传统式的网球教学,注重机械式的拉拍挥拍动作,反复且枯燥的练习也是让学生无法提起兴趣的主因,本文针对网球正手拍、反手拍、发球、截击等基本技术,应用它种球类运动设计了五个团体竞赛项目的趣味网球教学法,希望藉由趣味教学提升学生学习兴趣,加强网球基本技术,并且在团体竞赛里培养团队荣誉精神,希望让网球课由无趣变有趣,学生学习有被动变为主动。

  2. Access to enterntainment and information programming for the crew as part of the communication system of future Mars mission or Lunar Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargitai, H.

    In recent years the improtance of the psychologic conditions of the cure of a long- term Mars expedition (or a Lunar Base) is becoming a crucial factor concerning the success of such mission. The 500-day stay on Mars will be the longest planetary surface exploration opportunity ever experienced. [1] Manned planetary missions so far had no such long term isolation from the our cultural environment (or "bubble"), and cosmo - and astronauts consumed mostly recorded materials for enterntainment which will not be sufficent for such mission. The closest analogy for such a long-term isolation of a relatively small group of people is the situation at military bases or the American (or other) pioneer settlers. Both American and British Army uses an extensive enternatinment and information media network - both radio and TV - which provides programs for their personell in places which are out of the reach of their home media services but usually inside an other cultural environment. For a mission with a long duration (months or years), where the crew is absolutely cut off from Earth media and news (incl. politics, culture, music etc), especially for the flight time, it is important to create a special "buquet" of programs that keeps the crew inside the Earth cultural environment. In this paper I will discuss the technical requirements for the uplink to a Martian mission on the way to and from and on the surface of Mars, and the questions of optimal programming to such a mission, using the experiences from military media. The psychological problems encountered in space has been analyzed in great detail. [2] Kass and Kass list 28 such problems. Access to Earth mass media or quasi-live enterntainment and informational channel can help in solving the followings [from 3]: setting in of boredom and demoralisation; missing your own language - not fully fluent in the common language; lack of information sharing; confinement and isolation. A general homesickness would probably be an

  3. High frequency hearing loss in students used to ear phone music: A randomized trial of 1,000 students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiran Naik

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hearing loss is often thought of as a natural phenomenon of the aging process. However, studies are beginning to show that hearing loss is becoming increasingly more common amongst younger people. Approximately, 20-30 million people between the ages of 20 and 69 years have high frequency hearing loss due to chronic exposure to loud noise above 90 decibels (dB thanks to the advent of MP3 players and cellphones, according to the National Institute of Deafness. [1] If you are one of the millions who enjoys listening to a MP3 player or cellphone music to allay boredom or to pass time, then you might be at risk for hearing loss from headphones or earphones. Studies have shown that most MP3 players today can produce sounds up to 120 dB and that long-term cell phone use to hear music may cause damage in the inner ear. In today′s society, these devices are indispensible and are part of day-to-day life. Hence, this study was conducted to create awareness regarding prolonged exposure to loud noise either through an MP3 player or cell phone music. Materials and Methods: A total of 1,000 students from Shri Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Adichunchanagiri Institute of Technology and Adichunchanagiri Pre-university College were chosen as part of the study. They were divided into four groups, Group A comprising 250 students who had a habit of listening to music through ear phones at least 2 h a day, Group B comprising 250 students who are used to earphone music less than 1 h per day and Group C comprising of 250 students who very occasionally use ear phones, but hear music mostly through speakers and Group D comprising of 250 students who are usually unaware of ear phone music and are not used to it. All the groups were subjected to pure tone audiometry and the audiogram obtained. Results and Observations: The study revealed high frequency hearing loss in 8% of Group A and 2% in Group B; whereas, in there were no hearing

  4. A cross-sectional survey of compliance with national guidance for alcohol consumption by children: measuring risk factors, protective factors and social norms for excessive and unsupervised drinking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bellis Mark A

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Chief Medical Officer for England has developed the first guidance in England and some of the first internationally on alcohol consumption by children. Using the most recent iteration of a large biennial survey of schoolchildren we measure the extent to which young people's drinking fell within the guidelines just prior to their introduction and the characteristics of individuals whose drinking does not; how alcohol related harms relate to compliance; and risk factors associated with behaving outside of the guidance. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted utilising a self-completed questionnaire with closed questions. A total of 11,879 schoolchildren, aged 15-16 years, from secondary schools in North West England participated in the study. Data were analysed using chi square and conditional logistic regression. Results Alcohol consumption is an established norm by age 15 years (81.3%. Acute alcohol related violence, regretted sex and forgetfulness were experienced by significantly fewer children drinking within the guidance (than outside of it. Over half of drinkers (54.7% reported routinely drinking more heavily than guidance suggests (here ≥5 drinks/session ≥1 month, or typically drinking unsupervised at home or at a friend's home when parents were absent (57.4%. Both behaviours were common across all deprivation strata. Children with greater expendable incomes were less likely to consume within guidance and reported higher measures for unsupervised, frequent and heavy drinking. Although drinking due to peer pressure was associated with some measures of unsupervised drinking, those reporting that they drank out of boredom were more likely to report risk-related drinking behaviours outside of the guidance. Conclusions Successful implementation of guidance on alcohol consumption for children could result in substantial reductions in existing levels of alcohol related harms to young people. However, prolonged

  5. A happier and less sinister past, a more hedonistic and less fatalistic present and a more structured future: time perspective and well-being

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uta Sailer

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background. Previous studies have established a link between how people relate to their past, present, and future (i.e., time perspective and subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive and negative affect. Time perspective comprises five dimensions: Past Positive, Past Negative, Present Hedonistic, Present Fatalistic, and Future. Life satisfaction can also be evaluated in relation to different time frames. Moreover, approach related positive affect is associated to a different concept of well-being labeled psychological well-being. In the present study we extend previous findings by investigating the effect of time perspective on the time frame of evaluations of life satisfaction (past, present, future and by investigating the relationship between time perspective and psychological well-being. Method. Questionnaires on time perspective (Zimbardo’s Time Perspective Inventory, temporal life satisfaction (Temporal Satisfaction with Life Scale, affect (Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule, and psychological well-being (Scales of Psychological Well-Being—short version were answered by 453 individuals. Two different structural equation models were tested, one of the relationship between time perspective and temporal life satisfaction, and the other of the relationship between time perspective, affect and psychological well-being. Results. Time perspective affected life satisfaction depending on the time scale on which it was evaluated—memory of a negative past influenced life satisfaction in all time frames, and a positive view of the past influenced both past and future life satisfaction. Moreover, less rumination about past negative events (i.e., low score on Past Negative, the tendency to take risks in the present to achieve happy feelings and/or avoid boredom (i.e., high scores on Present Hedonistic, and a less hopeless and pessimistic view about the present (low scores on Present Fatalistic were associated with higher

  6. 语法教学在英语教学中的发展趋势%Trends of Grammar Teaching in the Field of English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘昕

    2011-01-01

    本文旨在通过对语法教学在英语教学中的历史回顾,以及它在我国大学英语教学中的现状分析,探讨了语法教学在我国未来大学英语教学中的发展趋势。笔者认为,把明示性语法教学与暗示性语法教学相结合,把传统语法知识与功能性语法知识相结合、以学习者为中心,把语法教学与听、说、读、写相结合将是未来语法教学的发展方向。明暗法结合有助于把外显知识与内隐知识结合,使前者向后者转化;传统语法知识会提高学习者的语言精确性,功能性语法知识会提高学习者的语感,即语用交际能力,二者相辅相成;与听、说、读、写相结合避免了传统语法教学的被动与单调,而以学习者为中心可充分调动他们的积极性和主动性。%By means of reflecting on the history of grammar teaching in the past and examining its current situation in our country's modern foreign languages teaching at colleges,this essay is intended to discuss the trends of grammar teaching in the field of English teaching.As to the writer,the trends are very likely to be a combination of explicit teaching method and implicit one,a combination of traditional grammatical knowledge and the functional one as well as a combination of grammar teaching and other language skill teaching such as the teaching of listening,speaking,reading and writing when taking the learners as the center.This kind of combination will contribute to a transformation from explicit knowledge to implicit knowledge,an improvement both in language accuracy and fluency,a full play of the learners' activeness and initiative as well as an overcoming of the passiveness and boredom of traditional grammar teaching.

  7. 刍议执拗性格对幼儿成长发展的影响%Discussion on the Impact of Stubborn Personality to the Growth and Development of Young Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛艳茹

    2014-01-01

    In early childhood, because the child can not satisfy the desire for emotional, psychological produce boredom, curiosity is controlled, self-esteem was hurt and other reasons, have a negative impact on the development of young children, might be inter-ested in the character, if there is no negative impact to be identified and resolved may form stubborn character. In this restless love destruction, always say"no"and other early childhood stubborn character performance as the starting point, in-depth analysis of the causes of children in the life of the first period against the stubborn character appears generated, detailed description of the stubborn character positive impact on the growth and development of children and negative effects. Finally, suggestions stubborn character education of young children, that concern children, encourage children;psychological counseling, to promote growth;develop tar-geted educational activities, individualized;homes with consolidating educational outcomes and so on.%在幼儿时期由于孩子对感情的渴望不能满足、厌烦心理的产生、好奇心被控制、自尊心被伤害等原因,可能会对幼儿性格的发展产生消极的影响,如果这些消极影响没有被及时发现并解决,可能会形成执拗性格。本篇以闲不住、爱破坏、总说“不”等幼儿执拗性格的表现为切入点,深入剖析了幼儿在人生第一反抗期出现的执拗性格的产生的原因,详细地阐述了执拗性格对幼儿成长发展的积极影响和消极影响。最后提出了教育执拗性格幼儿的建议,即关注幼儿,鼓励幼儿;心理辅导,促进成长;开展有针对性的教育活动,因材施教;家园配合,巩固教育成果等。

  8. 《在路上》中的西部情结%Western Complex in On the Road

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭琦岚

    2011-01-01

    当代美国作家杰克·凯鲁亚克的小说《在路上》被誉为是“垮掉的一代”的宣言书和《圣经》,它是美国文学中诠释西行主题的经典之作。小说以主人公萨尔对东部厌倦——对西部的幻想——西部梦想的幻灭为线索,体现了“垮掉的一代”时代背景下所贯穿于作品当中的西部情结的主题。这一主题的凸显过程也暗含了美国文学中对东部和中西部所持的对立的传统看法,即东部是欧洲堕落的化身,而中西部是原始道德的发源地,这种西部情结背后深藏的是“垮掉的一代”对现实的不满、对社会的抗议和对自由精神的追求。%Contemporary American writer Jack Kerouac's novel On the Road is considered as the declaration and "Bible" of the "Beat Generation". The novel is a classic in American literature of interpreting westbound theme. It depicted a group of adventurous young people's wanderings across the American Continent in order to seek to change and pursue freedom. The novel regards Sal's boredom of the east - the illusion of the west - disillusionment of the west dream - as the clue through a kind of western complex theme. The complex highlights traditional oppositional attitude toward the west and the east in Americana literature, that is, the east is the embodiment of Europe fall and the west is the embodiment of cradle of original ethic. Behind this western complex are the reality of social discontent and protests, and the pursuit of spiritual freedom of the Beat Generation.

  9. Penciptaan Seni Film Eksperimental “Sweet Rahwana”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hery Sasongko

    2014-11-01

    movie theaters. These conditions had occurred beforethe Indonesian cinemas collapsed. Puppet will be inspiration to heal the boredom inIndonesian movie themes. Puppet is a legend that cannot be separated from the charactersof the story. One of the puppet characters is Rahwana. He is always symbolized as a badcharacter. The elements contained in the character of Rahwana were the inspiration tomake an experimental film which can be the alternative movies for the Indonesian youngpeople, so they can have greater insight. Exploring visual and editing methods by using anew and good technique can make a good quality of experimental film.

  10. PENINGKATAN PEMAHAMAN FAKTA SEJARAH MELALUI METODE PEMBERIAN TUGAS PADA SISWA KELAS XI IPS 1 SMA ISLAM SULTAN AGUNG SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heru Abimantoro

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Student learning achievement results on the subjects of History at SMA Islam Sultan Agung 1 Semarang still low. Therefore, there should be innovation and improvement of learning through the application of methods of assignment. Based on the results of this study concluded that through learning model with the method of giving the task, students' skills in presenting material in front of the classroom and independent study at home. Students become more confident at expressing opinions and to apply the science of history in public life. Variation application of this model can avoid the boredom of the students in following the history of learning so that student achievement has increased. After learning the method of giving the task of learning achievement of students increased 20.43% or 70.43% or 26 students. It turns out not as expected. So do the second cycle. And the result increased by 21.57% from the first cycle to 92% or about 34 students. Based on research that learning achievement IPS History student obtained a high school class XI IPS 1 Semarang Sultan Agung Islamic school year 2006/2007 the average value increased in the first cycle is 68 to around 80 on the second cycle. Key words: historical facts, recitation, learning history  Hasil prestasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran Sejarah di SMA Islam Sultan Agung 1 Semarang masih rendah. Oleh karena itu, harus ada inovasi dan peningkatan pembelajaran melalui penerapan metode penugasan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini disimpulkan bahwa melalui model pembelajaran dengan metode pemberian tugas, kemampuan siswa dalam menyajikan materi di depan kelas dan belajar mandiri di rumah meningkat. Siswa menjadi lebih percaya diri pada pendapat menyatakan dan menerapkan ilmu sejarah dalam kehidupan publik. Variasi penerapan model ini dapat menghindari kebosanan siswa dalam mengikuti sejarah pembelajaran sehingga prestasi siswa meningkat. Setelah mempelajari metode pemberian

  11. Huang Tingjian;Living in Exile of Qian-Rong;the way of facing despair The Way of Facing Despair During Huang Tingjian’ s Life in Exile of Qian-Rong%黄庭坚谪居黔、戎时期的处穷之道

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵德坤

    2015-01-01

    黄庭坚的黔、戎之贬,是其人生与宦途的重要转折,他置身荒远坤维,郁闷在所难免。而儒者黄庭坚自有其遣闷之方:与君子乡贤交游,与亲友诗书交流;怡情放心于山水之间,优游涵泳于艺术之林;造访寺院,遍谒硕德,于佛禅解脱之道实参实悟,从而表现出生机勃勃的处穷之道。以豁达超然之心,在极为窘困的生存境况中,其儒释思想之处穷与解脱观念得以融通。这种诚笃践履知行合一的生命体验,无疑为宋型文化的塑造做出卓越贡献。%Huang Tingjian’ s banishment of Qian and Rong, is a serious turning point in his life and political career.In the desolated far southwest, his gloomy can hardly be avoided.But, as a Confucian scholar, Huang Tingjian has the way of dispelling boredom: making friends with county sages, communicating with relatives and friends about the poem and the calligraphy;being intoxicated with mountains and rivers;stroll-ing and immersing in the garden of art;seeking the temples, visiting eminent monks, and acquiring real en-lightenment from the way to liberation of Zen Buddhism, from Which Huang Tingjian has obtained vigourous existence in the very difficult environment.With the heart of open-minded and detachment, in the ex-tremely poor survival situation, the idea of facing despair and absolving from the thought of Confucianism and Buddhism has been fused.No doubt, the life experiences from the unity of faithful practice of knowledge and behavior have made outstanding contributions to the shaping of the Song-Dynasty culture.

  12. Significados de las instituciones de apoyo para los niños en situación de calle, Medellín, Colombia The meaning of support institutions for homeless children, Medellín, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Giraldo Pineda

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudio realizado con niños en situación de calle en Medellín, Colombia. Objetivo: Comprender desde la mirada de los participantes, el significado de las instituciones que les brindan apoyo. Metodología: Cualitativa-etnográfica. Se realizaron 39 entrevistas, observación y diario de campo. La ética fue parte integral del proceso. El análisis se hizo con los participantes para garantizar el rigor. Resultados: Los niños ingresan a las instituciones buscando apoyo, motivados por éstas, por sí mismos o por otras personas. Según los niños, las instituciones pretenden cambiarles la personalidad, el pensamiento y el comportamiento, vinculándolos a un proceso. Para que éste se cumpla, se establecen normas que son aplicadas y sancionadas por los educadores o por los líderes. Los niños abandonan las instituciones cuando reciben castigos humillantes, por "caciqueo", aburrimiento y temores. Conclusión: La institución por ella misma no logra estos cambios, ellos se consiguen solamente por la interacción con sus amigos y "parceros".The research was made with Medellin´s street children, Colombia. Objective: Understand under the participant´s view, the meaning of support institutions. Method: Qualitative, ethnographic research. 39 Interviews, observation and field diary were realized. Ethic was fundamental piece of the process. Analysis was made with participant to guarantee the rigor. Results: Children go to these institutions looking for support, motivated by themselves, other people or the institutions. These pretend to change children´s personality, thought and behavior joining them to a process. To accomplish this, some rules has to be applied and penalized by teachers or leaders. Children leave these institutions when they received humiliating punishment, submissiveness ("caciqueo", boredom and fear. Conclusion: Institution by itself does not accomplish these changes, they are only achieved by the interaction with their friends and

  13. Outdoor recreation: the reasons and carried benefits for attending outdoor sports of the participants of cycling and/or trekking activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faik Ardahan

    2011-03-01

    friends or alone, have middle income, graduated from university, started to outdoor activities with the advice of their friends, have been attending for 1-5 years, share the information about activities through friends by internet. They join outdoor activities; to defragment to nature, to have healthy, to relax, to unwind, to escape from sameness and boredom. By joining outdoor activities they felt; well pleased, healthier, powerfully, relaxed and refreshed

  14. Reproductive health and quality of life of young Burmese refugees in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hunnangkul Saowalak

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Of the 140 000 Burmese* refugees living in camps in Thailand, 30% are youths aged 15-24. Health services in these camps do not specifically target young people and their problems and needs are poorly understood. This study aimed to assess their reproductive health issues and quality of life, and identifies appropriate service needs. Methods We used a stratified two-stage random sample questionnaire survey of 397 young people 15-24 years from 5,183 households, and 19 semi-structured qualitative interviews to assess and explore health and quality of life issues. Results The young people in the camps had very limited knowledge of reproductive health issues; only about one in five correctly answered at least one question on reproductive health. They were clear that they wanted more reproductive health education and services, to be provided by health workers rather than parents or teachers who were not able to give them the information they needed. Marital status was associated with sexual health knowledge; having relevant knowledge of reproductive health was up to six times higher in married compared to unmarried youth, after adjusting for socio-economic and demographic factors. Although condom use was considered important, in practice a large proportion of respondents felt too embarrassed to use them. There was a contradiction between moral views and actual behaviour; more than half believed they should remain virgins until marriage, while over half of the youth experienced sex before marriage. Two thirds of women were married before the age of 18, but two third felt they did not marry at the right age. Forced sex was considered acceptable by one in three youth. The youth considered their quality of life to be poor and limited due to confinement in the camps, the limited work opportunities, the aid dependency, the unclear future and the boredom and unhappiness they face. Conclusions The long conflict in Myanmar and the resultant

  15. 不同知识难度教学条件下学业情绪的比较研究%A Comparative Study of Classroom Academic Emotions Based on Different Knowledge Difficulty Teaching Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐速; 蔡景西; 陈梅

    2015-01-01

    206 fifth-graders are selected as subjects, with natural experiment, to investigate the effects of primary mathematics classroom knowledge difficulty on academic emotions. The results indicate the followings. First, the knowledge difficulty has a signif⁃icant impact on students’ math classroom academic emotions, such as, excitement, anxiety, tension and shame. With knowledge difficulty increasing, the students become more excited, while less anxious, tense and shame. Secondly in different knowledge diffi⁃culty class, the medium-academic-achievement students’ academic emotions has the most obvious and wide change. Thirdly in dif⁃ferent knowledge difficulty class, the high-academic-achievement students have significant difference on joy and relief;the medium-academic-achievement students have significant difference on joy, excitement, confusion, anxiety, nervous and boredom;the low-academic-achievement students have significant difference on shame.%选取206名五年级学生为对象,采用自然实验法,探讨知识难度对小学生数学课堂学业情绪的影响。结果表明:(1)课堂知识难度对学生的兴奋、焦虑、紧张、羞愧等学业情绪存在显著影响,随着知识难度的升高,学生的兴奋随之升高,而焦虑、紧张、羞愧随之降低;(2)在不同知识难度课堂上,中成就组学生的学业情绪变化最为明显和广泛;(3)不同知识难度课堂上,高成就组学生的喜欢和轻松等情绪存在显著差异;中成就组学生的高兴、兴奋、困惑、焦虑、生气、紧张、无聊等情绪存在显著差异;低成就组学生的羞愧等情绪存在显著差异。

  16. PROMOTING THE HEALTHY GROWTH OF COLLEGE STUDENTS WITH THE POSITIVE ENERYG OF ONLINE GAMES%以网络游戏正能量促进大学生健康成长

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴若旻

    2015-01-01

    认为大学生长期沉溺网络可能造成生理机能紊乱,引起心理疾病. 大学生沉溺网络游戏的主观原因是调节紧张的学习压力、缓解疲劳、充实生活避免无聊、从众、获得了成功体验、满足好奇心盛和尝试新鲜事物;客观原因是家庭监管不便,学校管理制度不健全,学校周边网吧林立等. 从4个方面分析了网络游戏的积极意义,认为引导学生正确看待网络游戏,改善或解除网瘾,利用网络游戏的正能量可以促进大学生健康成长.%It is believed that the long-term addiction of college students to online games may cause physiolog-ical dysfunction and mental illness.The subjective reasons for college students to be hooked on online games lie in the facts that they want to adjust their stressful learning pressure,relieve their fatigue,enrich their life to avoid boredom;they have a herd mentality and successful experience and they want to satisfy their curiosity by trying new things.The objective reason are as follows:family supervision is inconvenient,the school manage-ment system is not perfect,and there are too many Internet cafes around, etc..The article analyzes the positive significance of the network games from 4 aspects and points out that students should be guided to take right at-titudes towards online games,improve or relieve their addiction so as to promote their healthy growth with the positive energy of network games.

  17. THE MYTHE NOVEL PLAGUE OF ALBERT CAMUS, ITS INSPIRATION SOURCES AND ITS EVOCATIVE SYMBOLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuat BOYACIOĞLU

    2012-06-01

    the Algeria Independence War. Another symbolic meaning of The Plague is to express the metaphysical solitude and the suffering of the human being in the universe. The communication interrruption of the algerian city Oran with the world during the pestilence contamination symbolises the closed world of the absurde. Camus being influenced from the existentialist philosophy of the danish philosopher Kierkegaard and the german philosopher Heidegger, enlarged the exxperience of failure in his absurde conception. The metaphysical solitude of the human being in the universe causes a psychological boredom. The human being becoming conscious of this psychological boredom arrives to the existence secret by revolting against the badness. In conclusion, Camus showed his absurde-revolte philosophy by the figure of the epidemic disease in his novel The Plague.

  18. Updating Animal Welfare Thinking: Moving beyond the “Five Freedoms” towards “A Life Worth Living”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David J. Mellor

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Five Freedoms have had major impact on animal welfare thinking internationally. However, despite clear initial statements that the words ‘freedom from’ should indicate ‘as free as possible from’, the Freedoms have come to be represented as absolute or fundamental freedoms, even rights, by some animal advocate and other groups. Moreover, a marked increase in scientific understanding over the last two decades shows that the Freedoms do not capture the more nuanced knowledge of the biological processes that is germane to understanding animal welfare and which is now available to guide its management. For example, the named negative experiences of thirst, hunger, discomfort and pain, and others identified subsequently, including breathlessness, nausea, dizziness, debility, weakness and sickness, can never be eliminated, merely temporarily neutralised. Each one is a genetically embedded element that motivates animals to behave in particular ways to obtain specific life-sustaining resources, avoid or reduce physical harm or facilitate recovery from infection or injury. Their undoubted negativity creates a necessary sense of urgency to respond, without which animals would not survive. Also, the temporary neutralisation of these survival-critical affects does not in and of itself generate positive experience. This questions the commonly held assumption that good animal welfare will result when these internally generated negative affects are minimised. Animals may also experience other negative affects that include anxiety, fear, panic, frustration, anger, helplessness, loneliness, boredom and depression. These situation-related affects reflect animals’ perceptions of their external circumstances. Although they are elicited by threatening, cramped, barren and/or isolated conditions, they can often be replaced by positive affects when animals are kept with congenial others in spacious, stimulus-rich and safe environments which provide

  19. 浦东新区中小学生性格特征与家长教育方式的关联性研究%A Correlation Study of Parenting Style and Character Trait of Students in Primary and Middle Schools in Pudong New Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱敏; 赵耐青

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between parenting style and the character trait of the students in primary and middle schools in Pudong New Area. Methods The survey was conducted by means of questionnaires. A total of 1122 school children from Pudong New Area were involved. The character trait of the students was assessed with the Eysenck personality questionnaire,and the parenting style was investigated with the questionnaire for guardian. Results The communication between children and guardians is associated with children's negative mood,such as boredom and loneliness (P < 0.05). And physical punishment is associated with children's fear and anxiety,as well as some problem of fighting and lacking of discipline (P < 0.05). There's also a significant association between the harmony of family and children s negative mood and social strategies ( P < 0.05). Conclusion Guardians should pay attention to menchildren's opinions and ideas,and try to communicate with them. And negative parenting style,such as physical punishment,need to be prevented. Also the harmony of family would help to develop school students'healthy character trait.%目的 本研究旨在探讨分析中小学生的性格特征与家长教育方式之间的关联性,为家长对于子女的教育方式提出参考性建议.方法 在浦东新区的中小学内随机抽取学生1 122人,通过艾森克问卷儿童版了解中小学生的性格特征,由自编的家长教育方式问卷了解家长对学生的教育方式.结果家长与子女的沟通程度与中小学生的不良情绪,如厌烦、孤单等存在关联(P<0.05):家长是否采取体罚与学生的恐惧、不安情绪以及打架、受罚情况存在关联(P<0.05):家长是否注意营造融洽的家庭氛围与学生的不良情绪和社交心理之间存在关联性(P<0.05).结论 为了培养中小学生良好的性格特征,家长要采取积极的教育方式,多与子女进行沟通,并能营造亲密融洽的家庭氛围.

  20. Experimenting with Educational Games using the Xbox, PC, and iPad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrlick, D.; Kilb, D. L.; Peach, C. L.; Simms, E.; Yang, A.; Layman, C.; Deutscher, R.

    2012-12-01

    gaming techniques work and which do not. We have discovered how simple concepts such as audio queues and voice-overs play a powerful role in obtaining and holding a player's attention. We have also found having the learning goals built into the gameplay is often more effective than directly quizzing the player's knowledge. By adding surprises to the gameplay, a game does a better job keeping the player's attention. Also, presenting non-traditional physical interactions with the game through motion controls or touch-screens help spur the player's interest. The duration of the game is another important factor. Depending on how much interactivity there is available to the player, the game's duration can either lead to overwhelming frustration if too short, or repetitive boredom if the game is too long. Overall, we find one of the most important parts of the learning gaming experience is making sure players are having fun while learning. After creating our games on various formats and software suites, we are working toward understanding the efficacy of our gaming approaches in not only holding players interest, but also in achieving specific learning goals related to the science behind the gameplay. We hope to encourage educators to view educational games as a useful addition to the range of approaches they use to engage students in science. Perhaps this can even motivate some educators to create their own games.

  1. A influência de ritmos musicais sobre a percepção dos estados subjetivos de pacientes adultos em hemodiálise La influencia de ritmos musicales sobre la percepción de los estados subjetivos de pacientes adultos en hemodiálisis The influence of musical rhythms on the perception of subjective states of adult patients on dialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Bechert Caminha

    2009-12-01

    presentaron.Being submitted to dialysis four hours a day, three times a week can mean experiencing boredom, besides discomfort. Patients often report that the time seems to take longer to go by. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of two different musical rhythms in the states of mind and perception of adult patients undergoing dialysis, since the literature on this subject is scarce. The study was performed at a private hospital with 43 patients, who participated in two sessions of musical improvisation with a keyboard. The subjective states and perception were evaluated before and after the intervention. Over 80% of the patients felt that time went by faster after the interventions in both rhythms. However, the pace was a decisive factor in the kind of emotional experience that the patients had.

  2. Criança: objeto a liberado? Child: freed object a?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glaucineia Gomes de Lima

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Lacan (1968-69 abordou a criança como objeto a liberado. Assim, ela é capturada no gozo, drama em torno do qual a família se estrutura. Tais formulações são questionadas no texto que discute o lugar da criança como objeto de gozo nos tempos atuais. Parte-se da discussão sobre a sociedade da globalização, cuja lógica se orienta para a produção incessante de objetos de consumo, marcada pelo declínio dos ideais e o impulso ao hedonismo mortífero. O imperativo do consumo na sociedade globalizada não é sem conseqüências para a educação, que se guia pela lógica de educar para o mercado, empreitada que tem como efeito o fracasso escolar, um dos nomes do 'mal-estar' na educação. Desponta, entre educadores e educandos, apatia, tédio e indiferença no vazio em que parece ter se tornado o espaço escolar. Os efeitos de retorno do gozo incidem sobre o corpo das crianças, que é objeto de maus-tratos, violência, pedofilia e todo tipo de abusos. Assim, conclui-se questionando qual é o lugar para a escuta do sintoma, face ao imperativo de consumo e a ascensão do objeto, e as suas conseqüências para o apagamento da subjetividade da criança.Lacan approached the child as a freed object a. Thus, the child is captured in pleasure, drama upon which family is structured. These formulations are questioned in the text that approaches child as the current object of pleasure. The departing point is the discussion on the globalized society which heads to the on-going production of consumer objects, labeled by the decay of ideals and its drive to a lethal hedonism. But the consumption imperative in the globalized society has its own consequences on education which entails the logic of instructing for the market, leading to an educational failure, also known as educational uneasiness. What emerges from educators and students is apathy, boredom and indifference in the emptiness that schools seem to have turned into. The results of the return

  3. Bostezo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Muchnik

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available El bostezo es un reflejo normal desencadenado por el despertar, el adormecimiento, el aburrimiento, el hambre y los conflictos emocionales, estando también asociado a diversas enfermedades neurológicas y abuso de drogas. Su amplia representación en la escala filogenética de los vertebrados, así también como la presencia en el hombre en edades tan tempranas como las 12 semanas de vida intrauterina, condujo a investigar los mecanismos comunes anátomo-bioquímicos involucrados en este proceso. La demostración que el bostezo no se genera en respuesta a niveles altos de CO2 o bajos de O2 en sangre, desechó la hipótesis metabólica ampliamente difundida. Su estrecha relación con el ciclo sueño-vigilia, especialmente en los momentos previos al dormir y siguiendo al despertar, está vinculado a cambios de estado y de actividad. El único componente de este reflejo que se encuentra sólo en el hombre, es que puede contagiarse. Por lo tanto, se lo considera como constituyente del mecanismo adaptativo de respuesta al stress, formando parte del reflejo de vigilancia, el cual ha adquirido un valor paralingüístico con la evolución, destinado a la protección y cohesión social. Las estructuras anatómicas y los sistemas neuroquímicos comunes intervinientes en el bostezo, el ciclo sueño-vigilia y la epilepsia del lóbulo temporal, nos permitirían postular que el bostezo sería la expresión de un sistema de protección inducido por los opiáceos endógenos, que actuarían en la inhibición y prevención de las crisis epilépticas del lóbulo temporal.Yawning is a normal reflex triggered by arousal, drowsiness, boredom, hunger and emotional conditions and it is associated to several neurological diseases and drug abuse. Its wide presence in the phylogenetic vertebrate scale and even in human fetuses as young as 12 weeks directed the search for the common anatomic and biochemical mechanisms involved. The demonstration that yawning is not

  4. Género y motivación situacional en Educación Física: claves para el desarrollo de estrategias de intervención. [Gender and situational motivation in physical education: the key to the development of intervention strategies].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Abós

    2015-07-01

    -determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2007, the aim of the current study was to analyze the influence of gender on motivational variables and cognitive and affective consequences along different Physical Education didactic units. In this study, 66 students (30 males and 36 females, aged from 15 to 17 years, (M age = 15.29, SD= 0.71, were involved. At the end of the three didactic units different situational motivational variables were measured: basic psychological needs by BPNES, self-determined motivation through the EMSI, affective consequences like enjoyment and boredom using the SSI-EF and predisposition toward the practice of content by PEPS. The results show that girls have a lower perceived competence than boys in soccer (p<.001. However, girls perceive a higher self-determined motivation, enjoyment and a greater cognitive attitude towards acrosport (p<.001. The intra-group analysis shows higher values in soccer content compared to the contents of acrosport in boys (p<.05. On the contrary, girls perceived motivational variables related to acrosport in a positive way compared to the other two contents related to cooperation-opposition sports (p<.05. Therefore, guidelines are proposed to reorient the teaching-learning process in these didactic units, by developing and implementing specific strategies to influence motivational processes based on gender.

  5. Investigation on academic emotions in curriculum of basic subjects by medical freshmen in a coastal medical university%某沿海医科大学临床医学一年级学生基础医学课程学业情绪调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小平; 黄子杰; 李跃平

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the main composition and influential factors of academic emotions in curriculum of basic subjects in a coastal medical university. Methods The first stage was presurvey and literature. 46 emotion adjectives were collected, and the word similarity was calculated too. Then the similarity was used to build matrix in order to make hierarchical clustering analysis; 230 medical freshmen were sampled by randomly cluster sampling, and they were surveyed with a self-administered questionnaire to inquire about their academic emotions in curriculum of basic subjects.Results The result of hierarchical clustering analysis was 46 adjectives divided into four classes which integrated for 33 first. The main composition of medical freshmen academic emotions in curriculum of basic subjects were: happy, curious,satisfaction, enriching, love, relax, calm, interest, anxiety, depression, tension, boredom, depressing, confnsion. In all, the main emotion of Systemic Anatomy was positive-high arousal; the main emotion of Histolytic Embryology was negative-high arousal; the main emotion of Cell Biology was positive-low arousal. Conclusions The method of hierarchical clustering analysis demonstrates good effect on sorting academic emotions in curriculum of basic subjects. There are some differences among different academic emotions in curriculum of basic subjects.%目的 探索某沿海医科大学临床医学一年级学生基础医学课程学业情绪主要构成及其影响因?方法 2010年4~5月,第一阶段通过预调查和查阅文献,收集到46个常见学业情绪形容词,计算词语相似度,利用相似性系数构建距离矩阵进行聚类分析;第二阶段通过整群随机抽样,抽取某医科大学临床医学一年级学生230人,使用自填式问卷,调查其基础医学课程学业情绪.结果 系统聚类分析结果将46个形容词先整合为33个后分为4类;临床医学一年级学生基础医学课程学业情绪主要构成为

  6. Nuevas narrativas televisivas: relajar, entretener, contar, ciudadanizar, experimentar New Television Narratives: Entertainment, Telling, Citizenship, Experimental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Rincón

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available La televisión generalista e industrial es un viaje al pasado, al vacío de sentido y al aburrimiento por su conservadurismo moral, su pereza creativa, su ausencia de pensamiento y su pobre modo de entender el entretenimiento. Pero el monopolio televisivo de la pantalla pública se acabó, pues ahora todo ciudadano puede ser un productor, narrador audiovisual y tener pantalla. Así aparecen nuevas televisiones y otras pantallas que se atreven a contar distinto: un periodismo más subjetivo, testimonial y pensado desde las imágenes; una telenovela hiperrealista que se atreve a intervenir el melodrama desde la comedia, el documental y las culturas locales; unos medios de abajo y con la gente que se hacen para romper con la homogeneidad temática y política de las máquinas mediática, del mercado y del desarrollo. En este ensayo se argumenta a favor de la televisión como lugar de expresión de identidades inestables, experimentos narrativos y posibilidades inéditas para la creación audiovisual… solo si «toma la forma» de mujer, de lo indígena, afro, medio ambiental, otras sexualidades… y juega en nuevas pantallas como Youtube, lo comunitario y el celular. Lo más urgente es que la televisión pase de la obsesión por los contenidos a las exploraciones estéticas y narrativas desde las identidades otras y en narrativas más «colaboractivas» porque existe la posibilidad de ser los relatos que queremos ser.Broadcasting and industrial television is a trip back to the past, to a space devoid of meaning, and to the boredom resulting from its moral conservatism, lack of creativity, thought and entertainment. But television’s monopoly over public screening is over; now, anyone can be a producer, an audiovisual narrator with his or her own screen. New television and other screens are daring to change the way stories are told: a more subjective, testimonial and imagebased journalism; a hyperrealist soap opera that dares to bring melodrama to

  7. The nurse occupation burnout cause and intervention measures%护士职业倦怠原因及干预措施的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何红亚

    2012-01-01

    Occupation burnout is a word in the early 1974 American psychologist Fedden Berg into the field of psychology. It is a monotonous work machinery without new idea psychological burnout phenomenon. The work is often shown as uninterested, the occupation is filled with boredom, performance was significantly reduced, physical and mental fatigue. According to the expert investigation statistic shows, medical workers is occupation burnout syndrome risk population. And now the nursing work of high strength, high pressure, and the nurse-patient contradictions have become increasingly prominent, the nurses began to produce occupation burnout time shorter, some nurses work even after half an year began work work, showed the inferiority, apathy, loss of sympathetic, resulting in reduced work efficiency, resignation tendency to aggravate. In our hospital, the nursing staff total less than 100, but in the second half of last year to March this year, a total of six nurse resignation diverted. To better understand the nurse occupation burnout, guarantee the physical and mental health of nurses, this article will elaborate the causes, manifestations, interventions are made one shallow narrate.%职业倦怠一词最早是在1974年有美国的心理学家费登伯格引入心理学领域.它是指一种由工作单调机械无新意而引发的心理枯竭现象.常表现为对工作提不起兴趣,对职业充满了厌倦情绪,工作绩效明显降低,身心感到疲惫.据专家调查统计显示,医务工作者是职业倦怠症的高发群体.而如今护理工作的高强度、高压力,以及护惠矛盾的日益突出,使护士开始产生职业倦怠的时间越来越短,有的护士甚至工作半年后就开始厌倦工作,表现出了自卑、冷漠、失去同情心,导致工作效率降低,辞职等倾向加剧.就我院来说,护理人员总数不到100位,但就去年下半年至今年的三月份,共有六位护士辞职改行.为更好地认识护士职业倦怠,

  8. Effects of person-centered care on residents and staff in aged-care facilities: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brownie S

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sonya Brownie, Susan NancarrowSchool of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW, AustraliaBackground: Several residential aged-care facilities have replaced the institutional model of care to one that accepts person-centered care as the guiding standard of practice. This culture change is impacting the provision of aged-care services around the world. This systematic review evaluates the evidence for an impact of person-centered interventions on aged-care residents and nursing staff.Methods: We searched Medline, Cinahl, Academic Search Premier, Scopus, Proquest, and Expanded Academic ASAP databases for studies published between January 1995 and October 2012, using subject headings and free-text search terms (in UK and US English spelling including person-centered care, patient-centered care, resident-oriented care, Eden Alternative, Green House model, Wellspring model, long-term care, and nursing homes.Results: The search identified 323 potentially relevant articles. Once duplicates were removed, 146 were screened for inclusion in this review; 21 were assessed for methodological quality, resulting in nine articles (seven studies that met our inclusion criteria. There was only one randomized, controlled trial. The majority of studies were quasi-experimental pre-post test designs, with a control group (n = 4. The studies in this review incorporated a range of different outcome measures (ie, dependent variables to evaluate the impact of person-centered interventions on aged-care residents and staff. One person-centered intervention, ie, the Eden Alternative, was associated with significant improvements in residents' levels of boredom and helplessness. In contrast, facility-specific person-centered interventions were found to impact nurses' sense of job satisfaction and their capacity to meet the individual needs of residents in a positive way. Two studies found that person-centered care was actually associated with an

  9. EFEKTIVITAS INQUIRY BASED LEARNING DAN MEDIA GAMBAR DALAM MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR KOMPETENSI DASAR MENGKLASIFIKASI KETENAGAKERJAAN

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    Khoirun Nisa

    2016-02-01

    understanding this concept, so student are easily forget. Inquiry Based Learning and images media is the alternatives student centered that will be tested in this study, with the aim to determine the improvement of learning outcomes and effectiveness than the konventional method.This study uses a design True Experimental Pretest-Posttes Control Group. The objects study are students of class XI IPS MAN 1 Semarang. Class XI IPS 3 is defined as an experimental class and class XI IPS 1 as the control class. Data gained through documentation, observation and tests. Testing hypothesis use a paired sample t test at the H1 and independent t test at H2.The result of the study is experiment class with Inquiry Based Learning and images media is increase average the achivement from 38,69 to 78,45. The reason of Effectiveness Inquiry Based Learning and images is the completeness result performance of experiment class isr 79,3%, the meaning it higher than performance school targeting, all at once the average experiment class higher than control class which average result experiment class is 78,45 and average result control class is 70,37.In conclusion, there is an increase in learning outcomes in the experimental class, which indicates the number is higher than performance schol targeting and control class, so that concluded Inquiry methods and imagesmediais can increase achivement and more effective than a convensional methode. Suggestions from this study teacherare expected can apply the method Inquiry Based Learning and images media in as the efort to overcome boredom learning in class.

  10. Análisis de la ansiedad en el atletismo; un estudio con veteranos. [Analysis of anxiety in athletics; a study with master athletes].

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    Antonio Zarauz

    2013-07-01

    cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and selfconfidence based on independent variables: sex, age, athletic specialty, competition level achieved, whether the athlete is coached, daily training time, days of training per week, years spent training, number of athletes with whom they train and number of competitions in which they participate annually. Midrange values were obtained in precompetitive anxiety (cognitive and somatic and high values in self-confidence. Also, as expected with this type of collective, boredom and deception techniques get some very low scores. Conversely, scores for fun are very high, and those obtained for effort and skill are also high, as is perception of success in sport judging by ego and task. We discuss the results and conclude that the profile of the veteran with more confidence and less anxiety is the one who, being a man of over 50 years, shows greater task orientation and sense of fun during practice of more technical athletic specialties and who, in turn, is self trained and has over 20 years’ practice experience.

  11. 网络成瘾者的行为冲动性——来自爱荷华赌博任务的证据%Internet Addicts' Behavior Impulsivity: Evidence from the Iowa Gambling Task

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐四华

    2012-01-01

    Internet addiction, defined as a maladaptive use of the Internet, is estimated to occur in 8-13% of college students (Chou, Condron, & Belland, 2005). It has become a serious mental health issue worldwide because addicts are impaired in various behavioral aspects including social interactions and academic performance (Morahan-Martin & Schumacher, 2000; Scherer, 1997; Young, 1998). Some researchers consider Internet addiction as a kind of behavioral addiction. However, there are few experimental studies on the cognitive functions of Internet addicts and limited data are available to compare Internet addicts with other addictive behaviors, such as drug abuse and pathological gambling. In the present study, we examined internet addicts' function of decision making. Two groups of participants, 42 Internet addicts (18~22 years old, 32 male, M = 19.79, SD = 1.14) and 42 controls (18~22 years old, 26 male, M = 19.71, SD = 1.13), were compared on the cognitive function and impulsivity by using a Chinese computerized versions of the IGT and Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS). In the IGT, subjects had to choose between four decks of cards. Unknown to the subjects, two piles offered larger short-term gains that are offset by greater risks of heavy losses, and hence were disadvantageous in the long run. The other two piles offered smaller short-term gains and a lower risk of loss that result in long-term maximization of the monetary payoff. The results of the present study showed that (1) compared with controls, sensation seeking of internet addicts was higher significantly, and internet addicts showed significantly higher scores on subscales of thrill and adventure seeking, disinhibition and boredom susceptibility, and they selected significantly less net decks in the Iowa Gambling Task. Furthermore, Internet addicts made no progress in selecting strategy along with the time course of the decision making. (2) reaction patterns for pure win-cards were consistent between

  12. Bringing Experience from the Field into the Classroom with the NOAA Teacher at Sea and PolarTREC Teacher Research Experience Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eubanks, E. D.; Kohin, S.; Oberbauer, S.

    2008-12-01

    impressionable learners. Additionally, I've been invited to participate in a future research project in Costa Rica with Dr. Oberbauer--allowing his research to continue to reach a broad audience of students and community members interested in learning about fascinating science from around the world. I have found that the best way to be an effective science teacher is to be a scientist. Having the opportunity to work in the field with researchers, allowed me to become a scientist. Participating in TRE's has rejuvenated my career, allowed me to acquire new and innovative ideas for my classroom and school, and has given my students the opportunity to work with renowned oceanographers and climatologists and real data--something most kids will never get the chance to do. Teachers and researchers only stand to benefit from these unique relationships. As a Zoology major and teacher, these experiences were life changing for me during a time when I had contemplated leaving my profession due to boredom. The expeditions rekindled my love for science and desire to share and teach through the eyes of a scientist. The more we bridge the gap between teachers and researchers the more science comes alive for our future scientists. We need to our youth to continue the research that is already underway.

  13. Le Bruit de l'amer: Time, Loss and Fossilized Romanticism in Madame Bovary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Bouvier

    2011-07-01

    have focused on Emma Bovary's “temporal disorder”, her strange inability to produce an event in her life or to integrate time into her experience. A key scene in this regard is Emma's odd failure to mourn her mother as she acts out a set of elaborate romantic grief rituals that ultimately leave her bored and unmoved. Drawing on a broadly psychoanalytic framework, and in particular recent work on trauma and addiction, this study suggests that this scene is symptomatic of a broader inability to assimilate loss, which manifests itself in the problems of boredom and addiction, and in Emma's general inability to orient herself temporally with respect to the past. Of particular importance are the linguistic implications of this problem, the way in which such a temporal disorder linked to a failure of mourning can be read precisely through the disturbances of language that it provokes. In the odd, inscrutable figure of la mère Rollet, for example, one can discern the cryptic adventure of language that arises from the problem of unassimilated loss in this novel, the very conspiracy of words that drives Emma to suicide through the staging of equivocal, uncanny returns.  Ultimately, if Emma's failure to mourn her mother reveals a certain inability to mourn time itself, this scene unmistakably depicts Emma's inability or refusal to mourn a dead aesthetic as well. Indeed, when Emma indulges her taste for romantic imagery in listening to “les chants de cygnes mourants”, what she fails to hear is precisely the clichéd, worn-out nature of such imagery, romanticism's equivocal double voicing as a champ de signes mourants.

  14. EDITORIAL: Dearing strikes again!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobson Honorary Editor, Ken

    1996-05-01

    Extra-territorial readers of this journal must surely hover between amazement and boredom at the periodic references to the time and energy spent in England in reviewing, changing, re-reviewing and re-changing its educational programmes from ages 5-18. (Scotland has its own educational system and seems to be doing quite well, thank you.) Recently, Sir Ron Dearing, the Government's educational trouble-shooter, who in a few short months managed to sort out the 5-16 curriculum to the satisfaction (more or less) of both Establishment and politicians, was given the task of redefining the principles underlying the education of 16-19 year-olds. In March 1996 he produced a report that has been greeted, initially at least, with the universal approval of the press and politicians of all parties. The main and century-old problem with the English educational system is the deep divide between academic (pre-university) and vocational education. This may reflect the broad division between `gentlemen' and players (artisans) that seems to be a feature of English society, and which may be too wide for a mere education system to bridge. A second problem has been the perceived narrowness, due to overspecialization into just three subjects, of pre-university courses, which has tended to produce yet another divide - between arts graduates (interesting, lively, well-read, cultured) and science graduates (boring, uncouth, illiterate). However, the rather boringly titled Review of Qualifications for 16-19 Year Olds, Summary ReportFootnote is at least clear in its intentions of bridging both gaps. It reviews the continuing decline in the popularity of mathematics and science subjects as pre-university (A-level) courses, and records that the parallel vocational courses (GNVQ) in science do not yet match their status and their acceptance by employers, and people in general. It accepts the failure of Advanced Supplementary courses to provide a broadening of the 16-19 curriculum. It makes many

  15. Vyhledávání prožitku u slovinských horolezkyň a horolezců Sensation seeking in Slovenian female and male mountain climbers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanja Kajtna

    2008-04-01

    on personality, anxiety and aggression; we wanted to address these issues in the area of sensation seeking. Sensation seeking has been well researched in the area of high risk sports – males seem to have higher sensation seeking needs, but gender diff erences in high risk sports have been quite poorly investigated. Of 33 mountain climbers who participated in our research, 15 of them were male and 18 female and diff erences in age were not signifi cant. We used Zuckerman's Sensation seeking scale IV, which examines sensation seeking in terms of 5 factors – a general factor, factors of adventure and risk taking, an experience seeking factor, a disinhibition factor and a boredom susceptibility factor. There were no diff erences found between male and female mountain climbers, except for a tendency toward statistical signifi cance in the factor of disinhibition, which is consistent with some previous research. We conclude that male and female mountain climbers in Slovenia are equal in sensation seeking needs and can be treated as a homogenous sample.

  16. The Sociological Theory of Humor and Its Application Research%幽默的社会理论及其应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈世民; 方杰; 孙配贞; 张进辅; 郑雪

    2012-01-01

    way. And relationship satisfaction and interpersonal context have an influ- ence on the complex use of humor. Many factors contribute to humor understanding such as relationship satisfaction, familiarity with each other, humor tendency of involved parties and their interaction, and humor characteristics. If humor is understood and accepted, it must be appropriate to the situation and the conversational partners. Relationship satisfaction causes the recipient of humor, making different attributions to their argument partner' s reasons for using humor. Effectively employing humor requires knowledge of one' s partner and a shared history. It also requires the humor tendency of the involved parties, the dispositional tendency of the parties involved in the interaction, the characteristics of humorous messages such as funniness, timing, witness, relevance, unexpectedness and silliness. Humor is applied extensively in persuasion, comfort, conflict management, leadership, and mate selection. Humor can reduce tension and anxiety, create positive affection, increase liking for the source. It can relieve frustration, alleviate boredom, and facilitate in- formation transfer at work. It can also enhance leadership ability by shaping the work environment. In mate selection, the targets who possessed a good sense of humor will receive significantly higher ratings in the measures of attractiveness and suitability as a long-term partner. Some suggestions were proposed for further studies. Firstly, to broaden the exploration of the age difference of humor production. Currently, most participants are college students. People with different ages can produce humor with different features, and their characteristics of humor should be explored. Secondly, more research methods such as experiments and journals should be employed to explore humor understanding in the social context. Thirdly, the application of humor in other contexts such as education, criticism and suggestion can be

  17. "Çok Eski Düş" İsimli Küçürek Öykü Bağlamında Bireyin Kendini ve İnsanlığı Seçme Sorunu The Problem of Self-Selection and Selective Sense of Humanity in the Short Short Story of "A Very Ancient Dream"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih KESKİN

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The first examples of short stories can be traced back to ancienttimes. Since then mankind has been creating various sorts of shortshort stories. Nevertheless, the discovery of this genre in both Turkishand World Literature by wide audiences has been relatively new. Thegenre owes its increasing popularity as a narrative style to the moderntimes. The weariness and boredom of the modern man in themechanical functioning of everyday life and the anxiety of mankind onthe existential level has found its voice in the genre of short short story,and short short stories have become a medium of narrative thatreflected the zeitgeist of the modern times.Imbued with a sensitivity on a philosophical level, “A Very AncientDream”, a short short story written by Michel Leiris, reveals thedilemma of the modern man who has gradually been selfish, isolatedand emotionally suffocated. The story touches upon several elements ofthe existentialist philosophy such as prioritizing individual choicesbased on innate and environmental factors, assigning social roles to theindividual, and promoting actions directed towards good in the face ofeternal evils. Therefore, this article aims to analyse the short story of “AVery Ancient Dream” in the context of existentialist philosophy.In the existentialist philosophy, the individual selects himself(self-selection and decides upon what kind of a man he will be with hisown willpower. The individual who realizes this self-selection forms hisconduct and stance, and thus declares his will to see all humanitychoosing this self-defined construct. The short short story subjected toour analysis, on the contrary, traces the course of the masses whocannot make their own choices in the process of becoming victims ofthe massacres that they quietly watch. This counter-approach aims toshow that by not reacting against the evils of life and the evil people,mankind helps evils to accumulate and cover the whole universe in thefinal analysis

  18. The Sociological Theory of Humor and Its Application Research%幽默的社会理论及其应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈世民; 方杰; 孙配贞; 张进辅; 郑雪

    2012-01-01

    way. And relationship satisfaction and interpersonal context have an influ- ence on the complex use of humor. Many factors contribute to humor understanding such as relationship satisfaction, familiarity with each other, humor tendency of involved parties and their interaction, and humor characteristics. If humor is understood and accepted, it must be appropriate to the situation and the conversational partners. Relationship satisfaction causes the recipient of humor, making different attributions to their argument partner' s reasons for using humor. Effectively employing humor requires knowledge of one' s partner and a shared history. It also requires the humor tendency of the involved parties, the dispositional tendency of the parties involved in the interaction, the characteristics of humorous messages such as funniness, timing, witness, relevance, unexpectedness and silliness. Humor is applied extensively in persuasion, comfort, conflict management, leadership, and mate selection. Humor can reduce tension and anxiety, create positive affection, increase liking for the source. It can relieve frustration, alleviate boredom, and facilitate in- formation transfer at work. It can also enhance leadership ability by shaping the work environment. In mate selection, the targets who possessed a good sense of humor will receive significantly higher ratings in the measures of attractiveness and suitability as a long-term partner. Some suggestions were proposed for further studies. Firstly, to broaden the exploration of the age difference of humor production. Currently, most participants are college students. People with different ages can produce humor with different features, and their characteristics of humor should be explored. Secondly, more research methods such as experiments and journals should be employed to explore humor understanding in the social context. Thirdly, the application of humor in other contexts such as education, criticism and suggestion can be

  19. Panorama de prácticas de alimentación de adolescentes escolarizados Overview of feeding practices in school adolescents Panorama de práticas de alimentação de adolescentes escolarizados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AMAYA REY MARÍA CONSUELO DEL PILAR

    2009-12-01

    /day, oils and butters (45,8±19,4 g/day, vegetables (35,2±58,2 g/day, eggs (26,7±24 g/day, snacks (10,3±13,4 g/day and fast food (4±11 g/day. Men reported alcohol consumption. Intake of energy and nutrients: While protein intake was high (126,3% of the requirements, the intake of energy was deficient (88,7% of the requirements. Deficiencies were found in the consumption of vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, calcium and iron. Food habits: 74,6% of adolescents skipped at least one of the main daily meals. 35,3% of adolescents reported that their emotional situations such as anguish, anxiety, sadness and boredom influenced the increase of food consumption, while for 46,8% these feelings led them to reduce their food intake. 76,6% of adolescents would regularly eat in company while 22,4% would do it alone. 11% of the adolescents that participate are at risk of developing feeding conduct disorders. 45,8% of the adolescents’ families shop at big supermarket chains; the mother is who regularly buys the food (58,2 % and kooks it (71,1%. 78,6% of the adolescents´ families consume food outside home. Family constitutes the greatest influence on food, according to the adolescents (80,1%, followed by the media (10,9%, friends (5% and school (4%. Conclusions: Adolescents present feeding practices that may constitute a risk to cause disease due to inadequate food consumption and which are translated in deficient contribution of energy, vitamin A, B complex vitamins, calcium and iron and high protein contribution. Feeding practices: there is no adequate distribution of food during the day. Emotions affect food consumption; family and media have great influence on the feeding conduct of adolescents.A alimentação dos adolescentes é uma questão de interesse para a enfermagem, vistos os efeitos das ações de promoção da saúde e prevenção de doenças que se podem realizar durante essa etapa e o impacto que ela tem na saúde atual e futura destes jovens

  20. Panorama de prácticas de alimentación de adolescentes escolarizados Panorama de práticas de alimentação de adolescentes escolarizados Overview of feeding practices in school adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OLGA OSORIO MURILLO

    adolescentes.Feeding of adolescents constitutes a topic of interest for nursing due to the effect that health promotion and disease prevention actions have. Said actions can be carried out during this life phase and have impact on current and future health of young people. Objective: evaluate the practices and influences of food in school adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study with a sample of 201 adolescents, which were evaluated for food intake, risks of feeding conduct disorders, feeding circumstances, influence of family, friends, school and media. Results: food consumption: the highest daily consumption was: cereals (436,2±172g/day, soft drinks and sweetened drinks (225,9±152 g/day, meat (155,4±70 g/day, fruits (145,3±66 g/day and diary (123,3±95 g/day. Also found was lower consumption of: sugars, pastries and ice creams (60,6±30,5 g/day, leguminous (49,5±58,2 g/day, oils and butters (45,8±19,4 g/day, vegetables (35,2±58,2 g/day, eggs (26,7±24 g/day, snacks (10,3±13,4 g/day and fast food (4±11 g/day. Men reported alcohol consumption. Intake of energy and nutrients: While protein intake was high (126,3% of the requirements, the intake of energy was deficient (88,7% of the requirements. Deficiencies were found in the consumption of vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, calcium and iron. Food habits: 74,6% of adolescents skipped at least one of the main daily meals. 35,3% of adolescents reported that their emotional situations such as anguish, anxiety, sadness and boredom influenced the increase of food consumption, while for 46,8% these feelings led them to reduce their food intake. 76,6% of adolescents would regularly eat in company while 22,4% would do it alone. 11% of the adolescents that participate are at risk of developing feeding conduct disorders. 45,8% of the adolescents' families shop at big supermarket chains; the mother is who regularly buys the food (58,2 % and kooks it (71,1%. 78,6% of the adolescents´ families

  1. From the Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Demiray

    2006-10-01

    identification of gas components in lighter has been thought. To enlighten this situation a simple experiment design has been planned.Next and the ninth article were sent to TOJDE by Terhemba Nom AMBE-UVA. Title of paper is “Interactivity in distance education: The National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN experience”. Terhemba Nom AMBE-UVA is from School of Arts and Social Sciences National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN. The paper represents a study of students’ experience of interactivity in distance education programmes at the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN. Through surveys and focus groups with students, facilitators, and administrative support staff, we found out that interactivity is a key determinant of student success rate. Majority of the students are workers in the urban areas who combine “work and learn” which is the motto of NOUN. The survey showed that majority of the students depended on their facilitators as key resource persons and on their peers or study groups both for required and voluntary interactivity to reinforce their learning. This was able to reduce loneliness, boredom and loss of community experienced in distance education. Because NOUN has not completed its Repository, Production, Distribution, and Administration Headquarters (REPRODAhq and equipped the study centers with up-to-date technological facilities, this frustrated accessibility that is dialectically linked to interactivity. Next three paper from Turkey. The tenth article is written by Bahar BARAN and Kursat CAGILTAY from Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology, Faculty of Education Middle East Technical University, Ankara, TURKEY It is titled as “Teachers' Experiences in Online Professional Development Environment ”. Their qualitative study aims to explore teachers’ opinions on traditional professional development (PD courses and their experiences from an online course. 10 teachers from a private school participated in an online