In the present article I will be discussing the importance attributed to aesthetic experiences in the vocational education of bookbinding master Wolfgang B. using the philosophy of Friedrich Schiller both to understand what constitutes these processes and to examine Schiller's thoughts in the light of his recollections. By doing this I hope…
La encuadernación del impreso antiguo en México: reflexiones sobre un problema de conocimiento patrimonial Bookbinding of antique prints in Mexico: reflections on a problem of knowledge in cultural heritage
Full Text Available La encuadernación es uno de los elementos históricos distintivos que favorecen la valoración cultural del libro antiguo como objeto patrimonial. El análisis de la encuadernación como un problema de conocimiento es una tarea pendiente en el terreno histórico mexicano. Ciertamente existen trabajos anteriores que muestran su valor cultural, pero son iniciativas inconclusas que han posibilitando la destrucción de numerosas encuadernaciones históricas por lo cual el mensaje del pasado queda mutilado. Este trabajo analiza las tendencias del estudio de la encuadernación en México y define su importancia como elemento patrimonial.Bookbinding is one of the distinctive historical elements which support cultural value of rare books as patrimonial objects. Analysis of bookbinding as a knowledge problem is a pending task in Mexican history, although there certainly are previous papers which show its cultural value. However those incomplete initiatives have allowed the destruction of many important bookbindings, a fact equivalent with the mutilation of the message from the past. Today’s tendencies on bookbinding study in Mexico are analyzed and its importance as a patrimonial element is defined.
Full Text Available Four of these prints: two Dalmatin’s Bibles, Dalmatin’s Lepe karszhanske molitve and Trubar’s Hishna postilla have leather stiff board decorative renaissance bindings while Bohorič’s Arcticae horulae succisivae has a stiff board vellum binding.A short overview of the European renaissance bookbindnig characteristics and decorative motives development is presented in the first part, followed by the codicological census. The second part of the research consists of decorative tools and motives clasiffication and an individual motive analysis. An overview of the decorative motives on four decorative reformation bindings in the context of the European reformation book decoration styles with special emphasis on the Wittemberg reformation book decoration style is given in the final analysis.
张志勇; 何东健; 肖军利; 王顺
Larsen, Poul Steen
the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library, Helge Ernst, illustrator, Poul Kristensen, printer, Ole Olsen, bookbinder, exhibition catalog......the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library, Helge Ernst, illustrator, Poul Kristensen, printer, Ole Olsen, bookbinder, exhibition catalog...
Köitekunstinäitus "Bound for Success" Oxfordi ülikooli Bodleiani raamatukogus 12. juunist 1. augustini. Näituse korraldas koostöös raamatukoguga köitekunstnike ühendus Designer Bookbinders. Näitusele valitud 117 tööst kümme (autorid loetletud) on Eestist
Richardson, John V., Jr.
This guide to the literature of bibliographical press work is comprised of brief introductory notes on the field and this bibliography, followed by citations listed in seven categories: (1) book production, (2) handmade paper, (3) printer's ink, (4) type design, (5) book design, (6) hand printing, and (7) hand bookbinding. Introductory as well as…
RAJESH, C; C Venkatesh
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by the tanning of animal rawhide and skin, often cattle hide. It can be produced through manufacturing processes ranging from cottage industry to heavy industry. Leather is used for various purposes including clothing, bookbinding, and leather wallpaper and as a furniture covering. It is produced in a wide variety of types and styles and is decorated by a wide range of technique. This paper deals with pattern of land degradati...
A woman in the early 1700s who became one of Europe's leading interpreters of mathematics and a poor bookbinder who became one of the giants of nineteenth-century science are just two of the pioneers whose stories NOVA explored in Einstein's Big Idea. This two-hour documentary premiered on PBS in October 2005 and is based on the best-selling book by David Bodanis, E=mc2: A Biography of the World's Most Famous Equation. The film and book chronicle the scientific challenges and discoveries leading up to Einstein's startling conclusion that mass and energy are one, related by the formula E = mc2
Laming, J. Martin; Adams, J.; Alexander, D; Aschwanden, M; Bailey, C.; Bandler, S.; Bookbinder, J.; Bradshaw, S; N. Brickhouse; Chervenak, J.; Christe, S.; Cirtain, J.; Cranmer, S.; Deiker, S.; DeLuca, E.
We present the science case for a broadband X-ray imager with high-resolution spectroscopy, including simulations of X-ray spectral diagnostics of both active regions and solar flares. This is part of a trilogy of white papers discussing science, instrument (Bandler et al. 2010), and missions (Bookbinder et al. 2010) to exploit major advances recently made in transition-edge sensor (TES) detector technology that enable resolution better than 2 eV in an array that can handle high count rates. ...
Xiao, Liangpin; Liu, Xianming; Zhong, Runtao; Zhang, Kaiqing; Zhang, Xiaodi; Zhou, Xiaomian; Lin, Bingcheng; Du, Yuguang
Three-dimensional (3D) paper-based microfluidics, which is featured with high performance and speedy determination, promise to carry out multistep sample pretreatment and orderly chemical reaction, which have been used for medical diagnosis, cell culture, environment determination, and so on with broad market prospect. However, there are some drawbacks in the existing fabrication methods for 3D paper-based microfluidics, such as, cumbersome and time-consuming device assembly; expensive and difficult process for manufacture; contamination caused by organic reagents from their fabrication process. Here, we present a simple printing-bookbinding method for mass fabricating 3D paper-based microfluidics. This approach involves two main steps: (i) wax-printing, (ii) bookbinding. We tested the delivery capability, diffusion rate, homogeneity and demonstrated the applicability of the device to chemical analysis by nitrite colorimetric assays. The described method is rapid (print house, making itself an ideal scheme for large-scale production of 3D paper-based microfluidics.
Cottrell, Randall R; Cooper, Hanna
A career in health education or health promotion (HE/HP) can be developed in many ways. In past editions of this department, career development has been discussed in relation to distance (Balonna, 2001), consulting (Bookbinder, 2001), certifications (Hayden, 2005), graduate school (Cottrell & Hayden, 2007), and many other topics. This article looks at a less traditional means of career development-entrepreneurship. Health education is a field ripe with opportunities for consulting and for selling health-related products and services. Entrepreneurship can not only create financial rewards but can also provide high visibility and networking contacts that can advance one's career. This article combines both theory and practical applications to assist readers in developing entrepreneurial activities. The authors are experienced in entrepreneurial development and use that expertise to provide relevant examples and develop a framework using "five cardinal rules" for establishing an entrepreneurial enterprise in HE/HP. PMID:19574585
Executive Summary A woman in the early 1700s who became one of Europe’s leading interpreters of mathematics and a poor bookbinder who became one of the giants of nineteenth-century science are just two of the pioneers whose stories NOVA explored in Einstein’s Big Idea. This two-hour documentary premiered on PBS in October 2005 and is based on the best-selling book by David Bodanis, E=mc2: A Biography of the World’s Most Famous Equation. The film and book chronicle the scientific challenges and discoveries leading up to Einstein’s startling conclusion that mass and energy are one, related by the formula E = mc2.
Il'icheva, S A; Bul'bulian, M A; Zaridze, D G
The paper presents the findings of the first Russian study of possible cancer risks in printing workers. For the first time, the historical cohort study included women. The cohort comprised 1,553 males and 3,473 females who were followed up for 15 years (01/01/79-12/31/93). A significant increase in the rates of death from pancreatic cancer was registered among males employed as compositors exposed to inorganic lead dust and vapors. Raised mortality from malignancies of the stomach urinary bladder, skin melanoma and mesothelioma was identified in females exposed to a PAU-containing oil paint aerosol and paper dust. Significant death risks from esophageal and ovarian malignancies due to exposure to glue vapors and paper dust were observed in bookbinders. PMID:11710282
Abellán Pérez, Juan
Full Text Available In this paper, we analyze the world of the booksellers and the bookbinders of Seville at the end of 15th century and the beginning of the 16th, from the visitors book conserved in the church of Nuestra Señora de la Oliva of Lebrija: the workshops, the masters and their workers, the work processes, the prices of the materials used, the wages and the books trade.
En este artículo se analiza el mundo de los libreros y de los encuadernadores de Sevilla de finales del siglo XV y principios del XVI, a partir de los libros de visita conservados en la iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Oliva de Lebrija: los talleres, los maestros y sus obreros, los procesos de elaboración, los precios de los materiales utilizados, los salarios y el comercios de libros.
Full Text Available A main mutual characteristic of decorative arts of Islamic states is the general resemblence of motifs which form the patterns and used in decorations. This view is strengthened by the implication of those motifs which are performed in different sizes and on different materials from arcitechture to textile, from manuscripts to wood decoration from small handcraft to common tools in the general frame of Turkish-Islamic culture. It is known that with taking over their artistic traditions from Timurs,Karakoyunlu and Akkoyunlu, Turkomen have great contributions to the development of book arts (bookbinding, ornemantation, miniature. By their artists, Turkomen dynasties contributed this development by carrying their styles of bookwork and also architecture to Iran and Anatolia where they had spread. The resemblence in the rockworks of the period's architecture in Diyarbakır, which was once a capital of Akkoyunlu, and the ornoments on the book covers is in a remarkable characteristic. Apart from mutual perception seen in decorative arts in general sense those resemblences are the same in designing, not in motifs base. The performing of the cover designings which are commonly seen şemseli salbeki on ornemantations of Safa Parlı mosque's niche, pulpit and minarets points out that book ornamentation designings can be a source to architectural ornemantations.
An analysis of energy consumption within the Danish graphic industry excluding serigraphy and book-binding. It is based on an investigation of energy use in seven graphic firms which are representative for the industry: Aller Press, Fyens Stifttidende, JP-tryk, Kohn Group, Levison + Johnson + Johnson, PLM-Haustrup and Schouw Packing. Case reports are found in a supplementary document of the same title. An aim was to help graphic firms find means of saving energy which it would pay them to carry out and to provide a framework for the process of energy surveying. Energy consumption varies considerably within this branch and depends on the type of product and on the processes used. 40-60% of energy utilized is in the form of electric power and the rest is covered by use of oil, natural gas and district heating. The greatest potentials for saving energy were found to be the reduction of idling in the case of printing machines and connected equipment (saves 40-50% annual energy consumption), more efficient ventilation systems, energy conservation in the case of drying and pressing processes, and also of idleness in this area, and a more efficient use of compressed air and cooling systems as these processes use 20% of total energy consumption and do not currently operate satisfactorily. It is reckoned that the use of electricity could be decreased by 15%, and that in the case of each firm 5-15% of total energy consumption could be saved. (AB)
Computer graphic desigh is widely used in our production and life. Its content covers a wide range, from the design of products' artistic form, packaging pattern, architectural modeling, bookbinding, fashion and process to advertising poster and movie poster. Of all these applications, the computer has become an irreplaceable design tool. Hence, Computer Graphic design becomes a ubiquitous course in the secondary vocational schools. It ’s essential for the secondary vocational school students to master the ability of modeling in order to design good works of high quality, good taste and a strong sense of the times.%平面设计广泛应用于生产和生活中，它所涵盖的内容非常广泛，从产品的艺术造型设计、包装图案设计、建筑造型、装潢设计、书籍装帧设计、服饰和工艺设计直至广告招贴、电影海报等等。在所有这些应用中，计算机已经成为一种不可替代的设计载体，因此，在中等职业学校的课程设置中，计算机平面设计课已经普及。让中职学生在有限的课堂学习时间里更好地设计出有质量、有品味、有时代感的作品，培养学生的造型能力极为重要，文章结合中职《计算机平面设计》教学谈谈如何有效培养学生的造型能力。
Magnusson, L L; Wennborg, H; Bonde, J P; Olsen, J
Objectives To examine whether prenatal occupational exposures, especially to organic solvents, are associated with atopic diseases in childhood. Methods The study comprised children born in Odense or Aalborg, Denmark between 1984 and 1987. Occupational job titles were derived from questionnaires filled out by the mothers when attending midwife centres. Assessment of organic solvent exposures was based on job titles selected by occupational specialists. A follow up questionnaire to the parents provided data on medical diagnoses as well as wheezing symptoms for 7844 children aged 14–18. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate the cumulative risk for wheezing (early wheezing not diagnosed as asthma), asthma, hay fever, and atopic eczema during childhood by means of odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results Explorative analyses by maternal job titles in pregnancy showed elevated odds ratios concerning different atopic diseases for occupational groups such as “bakers, pastry cooks, and confectionary makers”, “dental assistants”, “electrical and electronic assemblers”, “sewers and embroiders”, and “bookbinders and related workers”. An excess risk ratio for hay fever (OR 2.8, CI 1.1 to 7.5) was found following maternal gestational exposure to organic solvents. Furthermore, a slightly raised odds ratio for asthma was observed in children of shift workers (OR 1.2, CI 1.0 to 1.5). Conclusion The data suggest links between certain maternal occupations during pregnancy and atopic diseases, which merits further scrutiny. However, no consistent pattern was seen across the different atopic diseases. PMID:16757508
Barletta, Bianca; Di Felice, Gabriella; Pini, Carlo
Insects and insect-derived materials have been implicated as a risk factor for sensitization and subsequent elicitation of allergic rhinitis and allergic bronchial asthma. During the last decades, insects other than those known as allergenic, were investigated for their potential role in inducing and triggering an IgE immune response. Among these, the silverfish, an insect belonging to the Thysanura order, appeared to be of particular interest. Silverfish (Lepisma saccharina) is the most primitive living insect, and represents a descendent of the ancestral wingless insects. They are 3-12 mm long, have three tail feelers and are covered with shiny scales. They shun light and need a humid environment and their diet consists of carbohydrate materials such as paper and book-binding glue, crumbs of bread and flour. Because of these features, silverfish finds an optimal habitat both in dwellings and workplaces and in spite of its antiquity, silverfish has succeeded in exploiting the new opportunity created by man. Although its importance significantly increased when it has been demonstrated that house dust contains significant silverfish levels even in houses where the inhabitants were unaware of its presence, no silverfish extract for diagnosis of allergic diseases is commercially available yet. Identification of optimal extraction conditions and characterization of allergenic extracts are the first steps to obtain an effective allergen preparation suitable for diagnosis and therapy, and will be useful as a reference preparation for assessing silverfish exposure in different indoor environments. It has been cloned and characterized a silverfish tropomyosin, named Lep s 1, which represents the first allergen identified in silverfish extract and can be regarded as a molecule cross-reactive among inhalant and edible invertebrates allergenic sources. rLep s 1 displayed biological activity, suggesting that it could be regarded as a useful tool to study the role of silverfish
Prácticas y representaciones bibliotecarias en la Biblioteca Pública de Buenos Aires: Una lectura del libro de "Cargo y data" (1810-1818 Library practices and representations in the public library of Buenos Aires: a reading of the book of "Cargo y data" (1810-1818
Alejandro E. Parada
Full Text Available El artículo estudia, brevemente, las prácticas de gestión bibliotecaria en la Biblioteca Pública de Buenos Aires durante el período 1810-1818. El mismo se basa en un documento existente en el Archivo General de la Nación: el "Libro de cargo y data, o de cuenta corriente de los encargados de los gastos de la Biblioteca Pública formado por el Director de ella Dr. Dn. Luis José Chorroarín en el año 1812". Gracias a esta fuente es posible rastrear la administración y los diversos procesos que permitieron administrar a ese importante establecimiento, una de las primeras creaciones de política cultural de la Revolución de Mayo. De este modo, se abordan varios tópicos de particular interés: ingresos y gastos, personal, venta de ejemplares duplicados y deteriorados, encuadernación de obras, adquisición de libros, mantenimiento edilicio, etc. Entre otras conclusiones se señala la importancia de este tipo de documentos administrativos y burocráticos para conocer la variedad de las prácticas bibliotecarias dentro del marco de la Historia de la Bibliotecología en la Argentina.The article briefly studies the library management practices in the Public Library of Buenos Aires from 1810 to 1818. It is based on a document from the General Archive of the Nation: the "Libro de cargo y data, o de cuenta corriente de los encargados de los gastos de la Biblioteca Pública formado por el Director de ella Dr. Dn. Luis José Chorroarín en el año 1812". Thanks to that source it is possible to track the administration and the different processes that allowed to manage that important place, one of the first creations of cultural politics of the Revolution of May. Thus, several subjects of particular interest are seen here: incomes and expenditures; personnel; selling of duplicate or damaged material; bookbinding; book acquisition; building maintenance; etc. Among several conclusions, the relevance of this type of administrative and bureaucratic
Moore, John W.
In the United States, National Chemistry Week is November 7-13. (For more NCW information, go to http://www.acs.org/ncw/.) NCW's theme, celebrating polymers, is echoed in this issue (pages 1497-1501, 1512-1513, 1521-1540). Almost certainly there will be chemists in your area spending a great deal of their time on outreach activities for children and the general public during NCW. Chances are good that many Journal readers like you will be among them. And there are probably many more outreach programs that you or your acquaintances lead during the rest of the year. This month of NCW seems an appropriate time to reflect on the tremendous benefits that outreach programs provide. Early examples of outreach involved books, public lectures, and chemical demonstrations. In 1800 Count Rumford collaborated with influential Londoners to establish the Royal Institution as a means of providing lectures on science and technology to help working people to improve their lot. Humphry Davy, Michael Faraday, and many others continued the tradition. Faraday's own interest in science was sparked in part by Jane Marcet's book Conversations in Chemistry, whose friendly style made its contents accessible and fascinating to the young, highly intelligent bookbinder's apprentice. In the United States, Benjamin Silliman, first professor of chemistry at Yale, became widely known for his textbooks on geology and chemistry and for his ability as a popular lecturer. Silliman's lecture tours took him as far from New Haven as St. Louis and New Orleans. By the mid-1800s societies for the advancement of science and of chemistry were being set up in Europe. In 1876 American chemists who gathered at Priestley's grave in Northumberland, Pennsylvania, to commemorate the centennial of the discovery of oxygen saw the need for a permanent organization and founded the American Chemical Society. By the beginning of the 20th century these societies were supporting education and public awareness of science
geographically, but it it makes it possible to draw up a relatively clear picture of the bookkeepings written by the archiepiscopal administration and its evolution in this part of medieval Languedoc. The support is always paper and under examination (in particular the watermarks similarities with Italian examples are brought to light. Even if bookbindings sometimes cut the original format, depriving us of a lot of mentions or footnotes, documents are generally well preserved. The often carefully prepared layout reveals that they are technical documents without any splendor. It’s difficult to identify if they were working documents or copies examined by accounting auditors, because they are partially overloaded with notes from different hands which can make them really illegible.Die Buchungschrift der Landvögten der Erzbischöfe von Narbonne Bernard de Fargues (1311-1341und Gaubert du Val (1341-1347 -Die Zerstörung der Quasi-Ganzheit der erzbischöflichen Quellen in Narbonne macht die bewahrten originalen Fragmente wertvoller. Die Fonds der vatikanischen Geheimarchive haben fast eineinhalb Tausend Seitenzahlen geschützt, die in der praktischen Verwaltung der Lehnsherrshaft der Erzbischöfe von Narbonne zwischen 1334 und 1347 gewidmet sind. Die Quasi-Ganzheit stellt sich aus den Buchführungen zusammen, die von Landvögten aufgestellt sind. Diese Vertretern des Erzbischofs sind mit der örtlichen Verwaltung von Teil der Lehnsherrshaft belastet. Dieses Korpus ist sicher chronologisch und geographisch sehr lückenhaft. Es erlaubt aber, einen Bild der Ausübung der rechnungspflichtigen Schrift von der Verwaltung verhältnismäßig klar aufzustellen, und dann, eine Idee der Entwicklung dieser Ausübung im mittelalterlichen Languedoc. Die Analyse der Papieren und besonders der Filigranarbeiten, zeigt eine Ähnlichkeit mit den italienischen Situationen auf. Die Schriftstücke sind in gutem Erhaltungszustand; Verschiedene Archivierungen haben aber das ursprünglichen Format besch