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Sample records for bone ct findings

  1. Craniofacial and temporal bone CT findings in cleidocranial dysplasia

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    Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a multistructural polyostotic genetic disorder that results from mutation of the CBFA1 gene. Hearing loss is a frequent finding in CCD. We describe the CT craniofacial findings in CCD and provide a comprehensive discussion of the CT temporal bone findings in these patients. (orig.)

  2. MR and CT findings of temporal bone langerhans cell histiocytosis

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    To describe the MRI and CT findings of temperal bone langerhans cell histiocytosis. The MRI (n=8) and CT (n=7) findings of nine lesions of temporal bone Langerhans cell histiocytosis in six children were retrospectively reviewed. Eight lesions were pathologically confirmed and one was clinically diagnosed. The findings were analyzed for bilaterality, location, lesion extent, signal intensity, the attenuation of soft tissue lesions seen at MRI or precontrast CT, enhancement pattern at MRI or CT, and the pattern of bony destruction at CT. Bilateral involvement was present in three of six patients (50%). Lesions were most frequently located in the mastoid (n=8, 89%), followed by the petrous ridge (n=6, 67%), and the squamous portion (n=3, 33%). Seven (78%) lesions extended to the ipsilateral cavernous sinus (n=3), sphenoid bone (n=3), orbit (n=2), or epidural space (n=2). The signals of the soft tissue lesions were isointense in five cases (63%) on T1-weighted images and hyperintense in six (75%) at MRI, and homogeneous in five (71%) at CT. All lesions demonstrated bony destruction without periosteal reaction and five (71%) showed ill-defined destruction, with crossing sutures. Familiarity with findings of predominant mastoid involvement, isointense or isodense soft tissue lesions seen on T1-weighted images or at precontrast CT, with relatively homogeneous enhancement at CT, and irregular bony destruction with crossing sutures may be helpful in narrowing the diagnosis of temporal bone langerhans cell histiocytosis

  3. MR and CT findings of temporal bone langerhans cell histiocytosis

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    Bae, Jae Ig; Lee, Hee Jung; Kim, Heung Sik [Keimyung Univ. School of Medicine, Dongsan Medical Center, Taegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-11-01

    To describe the MRI and CT findings of temperal bone langerhans cell histiocytosis. The MRI (n=8) and CT (n=7) findings of nine lesions of temporal bone Langerhans cell histiocytosis in six children were retrospectively reviewed. Eight lesions were pathologically confirmed and one was clinically diagnosed. The findings were analyzed for bilaterality, location, lesion extent, signal intensity, the attenuation of soft tissue lesions seen at MRI or precontrast CT, enhancement pattern at MRI or CT, and the pattern of bony destruction at CT. Bilateral involvement was present in three of six patients (50%). Lesions were most frequently located in the mastoid (n=8, 89%), followed by the petrous ridge (n=6, 67%), and the squamous portion (n=3, 33%). Seven (78%) lesions extended to the ipsilateral cavernous sinus (n=3), sphenoid bone (n=3), orbit (n=2), or epidural space (n=2). The signals of the soft tissue lesions were isointense in five cases (63%) on T1-weighted images and hyperintense in six (75%) at MRI, and homogeneous in five (71%) at CT. All lesions demonstrated bony destruction without periosteal reaction and five (71%) showed ill-defined destruction, with crossing sutures. Familiarity with findings of predominant mastoid involvement, isointense or isodense soft tissue lesions seen on T1-weighted images or at precontrast CT, with relatively homogeneous enhancement at CT, and irregular bony destruction with crossing sutures may be helpful in narrowing the diagnosis of temporal bone langerhans cell histiocytosis.

  4. Bone Scintigraphy and CT Findings in Transverse Process Apophysitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dua, Sumeet G; Ali, Amjad

    2016-07-01

    A 14-year-old avid gymnast presented with recent onset of increasing lower thoracic back pain. Clinical examination revealed point tenderness at about T10 level. Focal uptake was seen to the left of the midline on a bone scan ordered to exclude stress fracture. Spine CT when read in conjunction with the bone scan revealed apophysitis of the transverse process. Apophysitis of the posterior elements of the vertebrae is a rare cause of back pain in adolescents. PMID:26914575

  5. Temporal bone trauma: correlative study between CT findings and clinical manifestations

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    To assess how accurately computed tomography (CT) can demonstrate the abnormal findings which are believed to cause the clinical signs and symptoms of hearing loss (HL), vertigo and facial paralysis (FP) in patients with temporal bone trauma. The authors studied CT scans of 39 ears in 35 patients with temporal bone trauma. CT scans were performed with 1-1.5 mm slice thickness and table incrementation. Both axial and coronal scans were obtained in 32 patients and in three patients only axial scans were obtained. We analyzed CT with special reference to the structural abnormalities of the external auditory canal, middle ear cavity, bony labyrinth, and facial nerve canal, and correlated these findings with the actual clinical signs and symptoms. As to hearing loss, we evaluated 32 ears in which pure tone audiometry or brainstem evoked response audiometry had been performed. With respect to the specific types of HL, CT accurately showed the abnormalities in 84% (16/19) in conductive HL, 100% (2/2) in sensorineural HL, and 25% (2/8) for mixed HL. When we categorized HL simply as conductive and sensorineural, assuming that mixed be the result of combined conductive and sensorineural HL, CT demonstrated the abnormalities in 89% (24/27) for conductive HL and 50% (5/10) for sensorineural HL. Concerning vertigo and FP, CT demonstrated abnormalities in 67%(4/6), and 29% (4/14), respectively. Except for conductive HL, CT seems to have a variable degree of limitation for the demonstration of the structural abnormalities resulting sensorineural HL, vertigo or facial paralysis. It is imperative to correlate the CT findings with the signs and symptoms in those clinical settings

  6. Temporal bone trauma: correlative study between CT findings and clinical manifestations

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    Kim, Jung Hee; Kim, Hyung Jin; Kim, Jae Hyoung [College of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-11-15

    To assess how accurately computed tomography (CT) can demonstrate the abnormal findings which are believed to cause the clinical signs and symptoms of hearing loss (HL), vertigo and facial paralysis (FP) in patients with temporal bone trauma. The authors studied CT scans of 39 ears in 35 patients with temporal bone trauma. CT scans were performed with 1-1.5 mm slice thickness and table incrementation. Both axial and coronal scans were obtained in 32 patients and in three patients only axial scans were obtained. We analyzed CT with special reference to the structural abnormalities of the external auditory canal, middle ear cavity, bony labyrinth, and facial nerve canal, and correlated these findings with the actual clinical signs and symptoms. As to hearing loss, we evaluated 32 ears in which pure tone audiometry or brainstem evoked response audiometry had been performed. With respect to the specific types of HL, CT accurately showed the abnormalities in 84% (16/19) in conductive HL, 100% (2/2) in sensorineural HL, and 25% (2/8) for mixed HL. When we categorized HL simply as conductive and sensorineural, assuming that mixed be the result of combined conductive and sensorineural HL, CT demonstrated the abnormalities in 89% (24/27) for conductive HL and 50% (5/10) for sensorineural HL. Concerning vertigo and FP, CT demonstrated abnormalities in 67%(4/6), and 29% (4/14), respectively. Except for conductive HL, CT seems to have a variable degree of limitation for the demonstration of the structural abnormalities resulting sensorineural HL, vertigo or facial paralysis. It is imperative to correlate the CT findings with the signs and symptoms in those clinical settings.

  7. Pulmonary infections following bone marrow transplantation: High-resolution CT findings in 35 paediatric patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the high-resolution CT findings of paediatric patients who had pulmonary infections following bone marrow transplantation (BMT), and to evaluate the differential diagnosis through high-resolution CT of the various pathogens responsible for pulmonary infections after BMT. Patients and methods: The study included 35 consecutive patients who had documented pulmonary infection, high-resolution CT of the chest performed within 24 h of the beginning of symptoms, and proven diagnosis within 1 week of the onset of symptoms. The pulmonary infections were due to viruses (n = 16), bacteria (n = 9), fungi (n = 9), and protozoa (n = 1). Two radiologists analyzed the CT scans and reached final decisions regarding the findings by consensus. Results: Four patients with confirmed pneumonia had normal high-resolution CT scans. Regarding the viral infections, the most frequent features were areas of ground-glass attenuation (43.7%) and small centrilobular nodules (31.2%). Airspace consolidation (88.9%), small centrilobular nodules (22.2%) and ground-glass attenuation (22.2%) were the most frequent findings in patients with bacterial pneumonia following BMT. Large nodules were seen in 66.7% of the patients with fungal pneumonia, and in only one case of virus infection. The 'halo sign' (n = 5) was seen only in patients with fungal pneumonia. Conclusion: In conclusion, the main causes of pulmonary infection in paediatric patients following BMT share similar high-resolution CT findings. Large nodules and 'halo sign' are more common in patients with fungal infections

  8. Benign incidental findings of osteopoikilosis on Tc-99m MDP bone SPECT/CT: A case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Szu-Ying; Wang, Shan-Ying; Shiau, Yu-Chien; Wu, Yen-Wen

    2016-06-01

    Osteopoikilosis is a benign but rare condition characterized by bone islands throughout the osseous tissue, which could be easily confused with bone metastasis. We present a case of a 37-year-old man presented to orthopedic outpatient clinic with right hip pain for 2 weeks. There were multiple, small punctate lesions scattered throughout the skeleton on radiograph. Subsequent Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP) bone scan with pelvic single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) showed multiple enostoses without abnormal focal MDP uptake. Therefore, clinical diagnosis was compatible with osteopoikilosis while bone metastasis was unlikely. The symptoms then improved by conservative treatments. Osteopoikilosis is usually an incidental finding on radiograph or CT, and a normal MDP confirmed the diagnosis by excluding bone metastasis. It is important for clinicians to recognize the specific image features to prevent further unnecessary interventions. In addition, bone SPECT/CT could also make the diagnosis in one step. PMID:27281099

  9. Comparison of Preoperative Temporal Bone CT with Intraoperative Findings in Patients with Cholesteatoma

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    Mehrdad Rogha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cholesteatoma is traditionally diagnosed by otoscopic examination and treated by surgery. The necessity for imaging in an uncomplicated case is controversial. This study was planned to investigate the usefulness of a preoperative high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT scan in depicting the status of middle ear structures in the presence of cholesteatoma and also to compare the correspondence between pre- and intraoperative CT findings in patients with cholesteatoma.   Materials and Methods: This prospective descriptive study was performed from January 2009 to May 2011 in 36 patients with cholesteatoma who were referred to the Kashani and Al-Zahra Clinics of Otolaryngology. Preoperative high-resolution temporal bone CT scans (axial and coronal views were carried out and compared with intraoperative findings.   Results: Evaluation of 36 patients and their CT scans revealed excellent correlation for sigmoid plate erosion, widening of aditus, and erosion of scutum; good correlation for erosion of malleus and tegmen; moderate correlation for lateral canal fistula (LCF and erosion of mastoid air cells; and poor correlation for facial nerve dehiscence (FND, incus, and stapes erosion.    Conclusion:  A preoperative CT scan may be helpful in relation to diagnosis and decision making for surgery in cases of cholesteatoma and ossicular erosion. The CT scan can accurately predict the extent of disease and is helpful for detection of lateral canal fistula, erosions of dural plate, and ossicular erosions. However it is not able to distinguish between cholesteatoma and mucosal disease, facial nerve dehiscency, incus, and stapes erosion. 

  10. Prevalence of Clinically Significant Extraosseous Findings on Unenhanced CT Portions of 18F-Fluoride PET/CT Bone Scans

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    Chao-Jung Chen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Due to the frequently interrupted supply of 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate, the use of 18F-fluoride positron emission tomography (PET/computed tomography (CT has become more popular. The study aims to determine the percentage of extraosseous findings from the unenhanced CT portion of 18F-fluoride PET/CT scans. Materials and Methods. We retrospectively collected 18F-fluoride PET/CT studies between March 2010 and February 2011. The unenhanced CT portions of 18F-fluoride PET/CT were reviewed for each patient. Significant extraosseous findings related to malignancy from the unenhanced CT were recorded. Results. A total of 158 patients (110 females, 48 males were included in the study. Clinically significant extraosseous findings from the unenhanced CT were found in 43 patients (27.2%. Previously unknown extraosseous findings were identified in 17 patients (10.8% after a review of the 18F-fluoride PET/CT scan results. Most of the extraosseous findings were small pulmonary metastases or enlarged metastatic lymph nodes. Conclusion. It is not rare to identify new clinically significant extraosseous findings from the unenhanced CT of 18F-fluoride PET/CT studies. Therefore the clinical management of patients may be altered by the results, and a careful review of the unenhanced CT portion of 18F-fluoride PET/CT is mandatory.

  11. X-ray and CT findings of soft tissue and bone infections secondary to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

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    Objective: To summarize X-ray and CT findings of soft tissue and bone infections secondary to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Methods: The data of X-ray and CT findings of soft tissue and bone infections in 18 patients with AIDS were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results: Of 18 patients with AIDS, the CT features of soft tissue demonstrated that subcutaneous patchy high density in 1 case which considered as cellulitis, round low density lesions with ring enhancement in 6 cases which considered as soft tissue abscesses, heterogeneous density lesions with peripheral enhancement in 1 case which considered as pyomyositis. Of 18 patients with AIDS, septic arthritis was found in 4 cases involving knee lesion in 3 cases and hip lesion. In the 4 case, the X-ray films showed bony destruction in 2 cases and the CT showed bone destruction in 3 cases and arthroedema in 4 cases. Of 18 patients with AIDS, osteomyelitis was found in 9 cases of which tuberculosis was considered in. 8 cases and vertebral involvement in 6 cases. In the 9 cases, the X-ray films and CT displayed bony destruction, hyperostosis, small sequestra, and intervertebral space narrowing. Of 18 patients with AIDS, costal lesions were found in 3 cases in which the CT showed expandable bony destruction. Of 18 patients with AIDS, ilium and sacroiliac joint lesions were found in 1 case in which the X-ray films and CT showed bony destruction, sequestra, and joint widening. Of 18 patients with AIDS, chronic pyogenic osteomyelitis of femur was found in 1 case in which the X-ray films showed bony destruction, hyperostosis osteosclerosis, and periosteal reaction. Conclusion: The X-ray and CT features of soft tissue and bone infections secondary to AIDS are characterized. The X-ray and CT are useful tools to early diagnose soft tissue and bone infections secondary to AIDS. (authors)

  12. 18F-FDG PET/CT bone/bone marrow findings in Hodgkin's lymphoma may circumvent the use of bone marrow trephine biopsy at diagnosis staging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accurate staging of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is necessary in selecting appropriate treatment. Bone marrow trephine biopsy (BMB) is the standard procedure for depicting bone marrow involvement. BMB is invasive and explores a limited part of the bone marrow. 18F-FDG PET/CT is now widely used for assessing response to therapy in HL and a baseline study is obtained to improve accuracy. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to assess whether routine BMB remains necessary with concomitant 18F-FDG PET/CT. Data from 83 patients (newly diagnosed HL) were reviewed. All patients had received contrast-enhanced CT, BMB and 18F-FDG PET/CT. Results of BMB were not available at the time of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging. Seven patients had lymphomatous involvement on BMB. Four patients had bone involvement on conventional CT (two with negative BMB). All patients with bone marrow and/or bone lesions at conventional staging were also diagnosed on 18F-FDG PET/CT scan. PET/CT depicted FDG-avid bone/bone marrow foci in nine additional patients. Four of them had only one or two foci, while the other had multiple foci. However, the iliac crest, site of the BMB, was not involved on 18F-FDG PET/CT. Osteolytic/sclerotic lesions matching FDG-avid foci were visible on the CT part of PET/CT in three patients. MRI ordered in three other patients suggested bone marrow involvement. Interim and/or end-therapy 18F-FDG PET/CT documented response of FDG-avid bone/bone marrow foci to chemotherapy in every patient. 18F-FDG PET/CT highly improves sensitivity for diagnosis of bone/bone marrow lesions in HL compared to conventional staging. (orig.)

  13. Temporal bone CT findings of tuberculous otitis media : comparison with chronic otitis media

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    Chang, Jeong A; Rho, Myung Ho; Kim, Young Min; Lee, Ho Seung; Choi, Pil Yeob; Seong, Young Soon; Kwon, Jae Soo; Lee, Sang Wook [Masan Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Keon Sik [Pohang Sunrin Hospital, Pohang (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-06-01

    To compare the differential findings of tuberculous otitis media(TOM) with those of chronic sup purative otitis media with or without cholesteatoma, as seen on high resolution temporal bone CT. We retrospectively reviewed 14 cases of TOM, 30 cases of chronic suppurative otitis media(CSOM), and 30 cases of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma(Chole). All had been pathologically confirmed. We evaluated the preservation of mastoid cells without sclerotic change, the location and extension of soft tissue to the external auditary canal, and erosion of ossicles, the tegmen tympani, scutum, bony labyrinth, facial nerve canal and sigmoid sinus, and the presence of intracranial complications. Soft tissue in the mastoid antrum was seen in all cases of TOM(100%), 29 cases of CSOM(96.7%), and 26 cases of Chole(86.7%). In contrast, the soft tissue in the entire middle ear cavity was noted in 13 cases of TOM(92.8%), 7 cases of CSOM(23.3%), and 12 cases of Chole(40%). Soft tissue extended to the superior aspect of the external auditory canal in 4 cases of TOM (28.6%) and 5 cases of Chole (16.7%). Mastoid air cells were seen in 9 cases of TOM (64.3%), 4 cases of CSOM (13.3%), and 3 cases of Chole(10%). Ossicular erosion was noted in 6 cases of TOM (42.9%), 12 cases of CSOM (40%), and 26 cases of Chole(86.7%), while in one case of TOM (7.1%), 5 cases of CSOM (16.7%), and 15 cases of Chole(50%) there was erosion of the scutum. In one case of TOM, follow-up CT study after 9 months of antituberculous medication without surgery revealed complete clearing of previously noted soft tissue in the middle ear cavity. Specific CT findings of TOM were not seen, but if there were findings of soft tissue in the entire middle ear cavity, soft tissue extension to the external auditory canal, preservation of mastoid air cells without sclerotic change, and intact scutum, TOM may be differentiated from other chronic otitis media.

  14. Temporal bone CT findings of tuberculous otitis media : comparison with chronic otitis media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare the differential findings of tuberculous otitis media(TOM) with those of chronic sup purative otitis media with or without cholesteatoma, as seen on high resolution temporal bone CT. We retrospectively reviewed 14 cases of TOM, 30 cases of chronic suppurative otitis media(CSOM), and 30 cases of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma(Chole). All had been pathologically confirmed. We evaluated the preservation of mastoid cells without sclerotic change, the location and extension of soft tissue to the external auditary canal, and erosion of ossicles, the tegmen tympani, scutum, bony labyrinth, facial nerve canal and sigmoid sinus, and the presence of intracranial complications. Soft tissue in the mastoid antrum was seen in all cases of TOM(100%), 29 cases of CSOM(96.7%), and 26 cases of Chole(86.7%). In contrast, the soft tissue in the entire middle ear cavity was noted in 13 cases of TOM(92.8%), 7 cases of CSOM(23.3%), and 12 cases of Chole(40%). Soft tissue extended to the superior aspect of the external auditory canal in 4 cases of TOM (28.6%) and 5 cases of Chole (16.7%). Mastoid air cells were seen in 9 cases of TOM (64.3%), 4 cases of CSOM (13.3%), and 3 cases of Chole(10%). Ossicular erosion was noted in 6 cases of TOM (42.9%), 12 cases of CSOM (40%), and 26 cases of Chole(86.7%), while in one case of TOM (7.1%), 5 cases of CSOM (16.7%), and 15 cases of Chole(50%) there was erosion of the scutum. In one case of TOM, follow-up CT study after 9 months of antituberculous medication without surgery revealed complete clearing of previously noted soft tissue in the middle ear cavity. Specific CT findings of TOM were not seen, but if there were findings of soft tissue in the entire middle ear cavity, soft tissue extension to the external auditory canal, preservation of mastoid air cells without sclerotic change, and intact scutum, TOM may be differentiated from other chronic otitis media

  15. Malignant pleural mesothelioma with heterologous osteoblastic differentiation: case report of the characteristic CT and bone scan findings

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    Cho, Young Jun; Kim, Joung Sook; Kim, Ji Young; Choi, Soo Jeon; Choi, Sang Bong [Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-06-15

    Malignant pleural mesothelioma is an uncommon neoplasm which is accompanied extremely rarely by osteoblastic heterologous elements. The CT manifestations of this tumor have been reported in several references. And, to our knowledge, only one case report provides a description of the bone scan findings. Here, we report the case of a rapidly progressing malignant pleural mesothelioma with heterologous osteoblastic elements. A CT scan reveals diffuse irregular pleural thickening and very coarse nodular calcifications along the right pleura and major fissure. A bone scan revealed an area of extensive increased radioactivity consistent with the pleural calcifications on the CT scan in the right hemithorax. A follow-up CT scan performed 40 days later suggests the presence of rapidly progressing nodular coarse calcifications.

  16. High-resolution CT findings in cytomegalovirus pneumonitis after bone marrow transplantation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to explore the high-resolution CT (HRCT) findings of cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonitis after bone marrow transplantation, we retrospectively reviewed the HRCT findings in nine patients with CMV pneumonitis cytologically proven by bronchoalveolar lavege. In 67% of cases, HRCT showed ground-glass attenuation. Consolidation and bronchial wall thickening were demonstrated in 33%, pleural effusion in 22%, and micro centrilobular nodules, bronchiectasis, and reticulation in 11%, respectively. Lymphadenopathy and masses were not seen. The areas of ground-glass attenuation were distributed bilaterally in all cases, diffusely in 67%, centrilobularly in 50%, and panlobularly in 50%. Subpleural lung regions were spared in 83%. The areas of consolidation were bilateral in 67%, nonsegmental in 67%, and involved the lower lobe in all cases. A total of 25 follow-up HRCT were performed in six patients. Small centrilobular ground-glass opacities disappeared after treatment in one patient. Micro centrilobular nodules vanished after treatment in one patient. Small centrilobular ground-glass opacities developed into consolidation and resolved after treatment in one patient. In one patient, diffuse ground-glass opacities progressed to consolidation, and the patient died due to respiratory failure. No abnormal findings were observed in two patients. It may be considered that in the early phase of CMV pneumonitis HRCT shows small or micro centrilobular ground-glass opacities and nodules and that in the advanced phase these lesions progress to dense alveolar opacities as CMV infection advances, although a variety of HRCT appearances is observed in the course of CMV pneumonitis. (author)

  17. Urinary bladder carcinoma associated with Paget's disease of skull: Imaging findings on Tc99m-MDP bone scintigraphy, F18-Fluoride PET/CT and F18-FDG PET/CT

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    Chakraborty, Dhritiman; Mittal, Bhagwant Rai; Kamaleshwaran, Koramadai Karuppuswamy; Kashyap, Raghava; Bhattacharya, Anish; Kumar, Santosh

    2011-01-01

    We report the imaging findings of a patient with Paget's disease in metastatic carcinoma bladder evaluated by Tc99m-Methylene diphosphonate (MDP) bone scintigraphy, F18-Fluoride positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and F18-fluorodeoxy glucose (FDG) PET/CT. Tc99m-MDP bone scan showed intense uptake in the skull bones without any other abnormal tracer distribution. F18-Fluoride PET/CT revealed intense uptake in the pelvic bones along with skull bones, but F18-FDG PET/CT sho...

  18. Gallstone ileus: CT findings

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    Delabrousse, E.; Bartholomot, B.; Sohm, O.; Kastler, B. [Dept. of Radiology A, CHU Jean Minjoz, University of Besancon (France); Wallerand, H. [Dept. of Surgery, CHU Jean Minjoz, University of Besancon (France)

    2000-06-01

    Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of recurrent gallstone cholecystitis. The classic radiographic triad of small bowel obstruction, pneumobilia and ectopic gallstone on abdominal plain radiograph is described with CT imaging. Because of the better resolution of CT compared with abdominal radiography and its recent accession to emergency use, radiologists should be aware of CT findings of gallstone ileus. We report a case in which gallstone ileus was initially diagnosed by CT. (orig.)

  19. FDG PET-CT Finding in Bilateral Renal and Bone Involvement of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

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    Yusuf Ziya Tan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Thirty-six year old male patient with pathological fracture of the left tibia underwent intramedullary and soft tissue curettage. The histopathological examination revealed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The patient underwent F18-FDG PET-CT scanning for initial staging. FDG PET-CT scan revealed hypermetabolic lesions at the left tibia and in bilateral kidneys. After the systemic chemotherapy and local radiotherapy to the tibia, repeated FDG PET/CT scan showed improvement of the previous hypermetabolic lesions, suggesting good response to therapy. Bone and renal involvement is an uncommon variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and FDG PET-CT is an useful whole body imaging modality in these cases.

  20. CT findings of ganglioneuroma

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    Jeon, Tae Joo; Yoon, Choon Sik; Kim, Myung Jun; Kim, Sang Jin; Oh, Ki Keun [Yonsei Univ., College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-09-01

    Ganglioneuroma is a relatively uncommon benign tumor and has no pathognomonic radiological findings;diagnosis is therefore difficult. In order to better diagnose this tumor we analysed its CT findings and pathologic correlation. Seventeen tumors in 16 patients(M:F=3D9:7) diagnosed as ganglioneuroma between 1992 and 1996 were retrospectively analysed with regard to location, size, contour, long axis of the mass, enhancement pattern, calcification, necrosis and capsulation, all as seen on CT, and compared with histo-pathologic findings. Tumors were 1.5 to 10(mean, 5.6) cm in size, and their location was mediastinal(n=3D12), cervical(n=3D2), retroperitoneal (n=3D2) or adrenal(n=3D1). Fifteen had an oval or round contour and two were dumb-bell-shaped. The long axis of the lesion was craniocaudal in 14 cases and non-specific in three. Thirteen lesions showed heterogeneous enhancement, and four homogeneous. Capsule-like enhancement was noted on CT scans in eight cases;there was no definite correlation between enhancement pattern and pathologic findings. Calcification was seen in six cases and an inner low-density lesion in two. Ganglioneuroma is a benign neurogenic tumor, occurring most frequently at the posterior mediastinum. General CT findings of this tumor are a well-defined oval shape with a variable enhancement pattern, but several cases showed focal calcification or inner low density. For accurate diagnosis of ganglioneuroma both common and uncommon findings must therefore be considered.=20.

  1. Abdominal aspergillosis: CT findings

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    Yeom, Suk Keu, E-mail: pagoda20@hanmail.net [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hye Jin, E-mail: kimhyejin@amc.seoul.kr [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Byun, Jae Ho, E-mail: jhbyun@amc.seoul.kr [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Ah Young, E-mail: aykim@amc.seoul.kr [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Moon-Gyu, E-mail: mglee@amc.seoul.kr [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Ha, Hyun Kwon, E-mail: hkha@amc.seoul.kr [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    Objective: In order to retrospectively evaluate the CT findings of abdominal aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients. Materials and methods: CT scans were reviewed with regard to the sites, number, morphologic appearance, attenuation, and the contrast enhancement patterns of the lesions in six patients (5 women, 1 man; mean age, 43.4 years; range, 23-59 years) with pathologically proved abdominal aspergillosis by two gastrointestinal radiologists in consensus. Medical records were also reviewed to determine each patient's clinical status and outcome. Results: All patients were immunocompromised state: 4 patients received immunosuppressive therapy for solid organ transplantation and 2 patients received chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia. Aspergillosis involved blood vessels (n = 3), liver (n = 2), spleen (n = 2), gastrointestinal tract (n = 2), native kidney (n = 1), transplanted kidney (n = 1), peritoneum (n = 1), and retroperitoneum (n = 1). CT demonstrated solid organ or bowel infarction or perforation secondary to vascular thrombosis or pseudoaneurysm, multiple low-attenuating lesions of solid organs presenting as abscesses, concentric bowel wall thickening mimicking typhlitis, or diffuse or nodular infiltration of the peritoneum and retroperitoneum. Conclusion: Familiarity with findings commonly presenting as angioinvasive features or abscesses on CT, may facilitate the diagnosis of rare and fatal abdominal aspergillosis.

  2. Abdominal aspergillosis: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: In order to retrospectively evaluate the CT findings of abdominal aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients. Materials and methods: CT scans were reviewed with regard to the sites, number, morphologic appearance, attenuation, and the contrast enhancement patterns of the lesions in six patients (5 women, 1 man; mean age, 43.4 years; range, 23-59 years) with pathologically proved abdominal aspergillosis by two gastrointestinal radiologists in consensus. Medical records were also reviewed to determine each patient's clinical status and outcome. Results: All patients were immunocompromised state: 4 patients received immunosuppressive therapy for solid organ transplantation and 2 patients received chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia. Aspergillosis involved blood vessels (n = 3), liver (n = 2), spleen (n = 2), gastrointestinal tract (n = 2), native kidney (n = 1), transplanted kidney (n = 1), peritoneum (n = 1), and retroperitoneum (n = 1). CT demonstrated solid organ or bowel infarction or perforation secondary to vascular thrombosis or pseudoaneurysm, multiple low-attenuating lesions of solid organs presenting as abscesses, concentric bowel wall thickening mimicking typhlitis, or diffuse or nodular infiltration of the peritoneum and retroperitoneum. Conclusion: Familiarity with findings commonly presenting as angioinvasive features or abscesses on CT, may facilitate the diagnosis of rare and fatal abdominal aspergillosis.

  3. CT findings in mucopolysaccharidoses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CT findings for four patients with mucopolysaccharidosis were analyzed using a Delta scan-25 (Ohio Nuclear). In three cases of Hunter's syndrome (MPS IIA 13-year-old male, MPS IIB 12-year-old male, and 25-year-old male), a dilatation of the cortical sulci was observed. Moderate dilatations were also seen in the basal cistern, the quadrigeminal cistern, and the ambient cistern. In one case of Hunter's syndrome, a low-density area was observed in the bilateral tharamic regions. An irregular low-density area was also seen in the white matter in some cases. PVL was not apparent in any case. Marked ventricular dilations were observed in cases with mental retardation, for example, in one case of Hurler's syndrome (8-year-old male) and one case of MPS IIA. The circulation and absorbtion of CSF in cortical snbarachnoid spaces were supposed to be moderately retarded by metrizamide CT cisternography. (author)

  4. CT findings of automastoidectomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyung Jin; Chung, Hae Gyeong; Kim, Jae Hyoung; Hwang, Eui Gee; Ma, Yong Woon; Chung, Sung Hoon [College of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju (Korea, Republic of)

    1992-01-15

    Cholesteatoma of the middle ear and mastoid sometimes destroys the posterior wall of the external auditory canal(EAC), and this phenomenon is termed as 'automastoidectomy'. During the past two years the authors reviewed the CT features of automastoidectomy in eight patients with middle ear cholesteatoma, There was a variable amount of the cholesteatomatous mass or debris within the mastoid cavity in all patients, of whom air collection was found in four. Interestingly, the site and pattern of the erosion of the EAC were nearly identical between patients with air in the mastoid cavity and those without it. Air in the mastiod cavity was the only clue of the expulsion of the cholesteatoma. So, we think that the expulsion of the cholesteatoma might be predicted when the erosion of the EAC is present in patients with cholesteatoma in the mastoid cavity. CT clearly depicted associated complications caused by the cholesteatoma, such as ossicular destruction (n=8), the erosion of the facial nerve canal (n=2), the erosion of the lateral semicircular canal (n=2), the erosion of the tegmen (n=1), the erosion of the sigmoid sinus plate (n=1), the erosion of the superior semicircular canal (n=1), and the erosion of the vestibule (n=1). Although much of the natural history of the middle ear cholesteatoma still remains to be determined, we thick that careful evaluation of one type of possible progression of the disease will help us understand its clinical course. Moreover, our findings strongly support the use of CT for evaluation of 'automastoidectomy' seen in many cases of cholesteatoma.

  5. CT findings of acoustic neuroma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sim, Do Choul; Lee, Jae Mun; Shinn, Kyung Sub; Bahk, Yong Whee [Catholic Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1987-10-15

    Computed Tomography (CT) is very accurate in evaluating the location, size, shape and extension of acoustic neuroma. We analysed CT findings of 23 acoustic neuromas seen at Department of Radiology, Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University Medical College during the period of from January 1981 to June 1987. 1. Five (22%) were men and 18 (78%) were women with the high incidence occurring in the 4th and 5th decades. 2. Twenty two cases were diagnosed satisfactorily by CT examinations which included axial, coronal and reconstruction images. One with the smallest dimension of 8 mm in diameter could not be detected by the conventional CT scan. But is could be seen after metrizamide cisternography. mean size of the tumor masses was estimated 3.6 cm in diameter. 3. The shape of the tumor was oval in 50%, round in 27% and lobulated in 23%. The masses were presented as hypodense in 50%, isodense in 32% and hyperdense in 18%. All tumors were extended from the internal acoustic and toward the cerebellopontine angle. The internal acoustic canal was widened in 77%. Hydrocephalus was associated in 45%. Widening of cerebellopontine angle cistern was noted in 50%. 4. After contrast infusion the tumors were enhanced markedly in 45%, moderately in 32% and mildly in 23%. The enhanced pattern was homogeneous in 41%, mixed in 41% and rim in 18%. The margin of the tumors was sharply defined in 82%. The tumors were attached to the petrous bone with acute angle in 73%. Cystic change within the tumor was found in 27%. The peritumoral edema was noted in 45%. In conclusion, CT is of most effective modalities to evaluate size, shape, extent and internal architecture of acoustic neuroma as well as relationship with adjacent anatomic structures including the internal acoustic canal.

  6. Thoracic textilomas: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: the aim of this study was to analyze chest CT scans of patients with thoracic textiloma. Methods: this was a retrospective study of 16 patients (11 men and 5 women) with surgically confirmed thoracic textiloma. The chest CT scans of those patients were evaluated by two independent observers, and discordant results were resolved by consensus. Results: the majority (62.5%) of the textilomas were caused by previous heart surgery. The most common symptoms were chest pain (in 68.75%) and cough (in 56.25%). In all cases, the main tomographic finding was a mass with regular contours and borders that were well-defined or partially defined. Half of the textilomas occurred in the right hemithorax and half occurred in the left. The majority (56.25%) were located in the lower third of the lung. The diameter of the mass was ≤ 10 cm in 10 cases (62.5%) and > 10 cm in the remaining 6 cases (37.5%). Most (81.25%) of the textilomas were heterogeneous in density, with signs of calcification, gas, radiopaque marker, or sponge-like material. Peripheral expansion of the mass was observed in 12 (92.3%) of the 13 patients in whom a contrast agent was used. Intraoperatively, pleural involvement was observed in 14 cases (87.5%) and pericardial involvement was observed in 2 (12.5%). Conclusions: it is important to recognize the main tomographic aspects of thoracic textilomas in order to include this possibility in the differential diagnosis of chest pain and cough in patients with a history of heart or thoracic surgery, thus promoting the early identification and treatment of this postoperative complication. (author)

  7. Thoracic textilomas: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machado, Dianne Melo; Zanetti, Glaucia; Araujo Neto, Cesar Augusto; Nobre, Luiz Felipe; Meirelles, Gustavo de Souza Portes; Silva, Jorge Luiz Pereira e; Guimaraes, Marcos Duarte; Escuissato, Dante Luiz; Souza Junior, Arthur Soares; Hochhegger, Bruno; Marchiori, Edson, E-mail: edmarchiori@gmail.com [Hospital Universitario Antonio Pedro (HUAP/UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2014-09-15

    Objective: the aim of this study was to analyze chest CT scans of patients with thoracic textiloma. Methods: this was a retrospective study of 16 patients (11 men and 5 women) with surgically confirmed thoracic textiloma. The chest CT scans of those patients were evaluated by two independent observers, and discordant results were resolved by consensus. Results: the majority (62.5%) of the textilomas were caused by previous heart surgery. The most common symptoms were chest pain (in 68.75%) and cough (in 56.25%). In all cases, the main tomographic finding was a mass with regular contours and borders that were well-defined or partially defined. Half of the textilomas occurred in the right hemithorax and half occurred in the left. The majority (56.25%) were located in the lower third of the lung. The diameter of the mass was ≤ 10 cm in 10 cases (62.5%) and > 10 cm in the remaining 6 cases (37.5%). Most (81.25%) of the textilomas were heterogeneous in density, with signs of calcification, gas, radiopaque marker, or sponge-like material. Peripheral expansion of the mass was observed in 12 (92.3%) of the 13 patients in whom a contrast agent was used. Intraoperatively, pleural involvement was observed in 14 cases (87.5%) and pericardial involvement was observed in 2 (12.5%). Conclusions: it is important to recognize the main tomographic aspects of thoracic textilomas in order to include this possibility in the differential diagnosis of chest pain and cough in patients with a history of heart or thoracic surgery, thus promoting the early identification and treatment of this postoperative complication. (author)

  8. CT findings of orbital langerhans cell histiocytosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yi, Gina; Yoon, Hye Kyung; Han, Bokyung Kim; Kim, Kyeong Ah; Choo, In Wook [Samsung Medical Center, School of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-05-01

    To evaluate the CT findings in patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) involving the orbit. Orbital CT scans of six children with pathologically proven LCH were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up CT (n=3D5) and MR (n=3D1) imaging findings were also reviewed. Initial CT scans revealed varying degree of bone destruction with soft-tissue masses, and on nonenhanced images the mean attenuation value was 44 Hounsfield units (HU). All masses showed mild to moderate enhancement with a mean attenuation value of 74 HU. The bony margins abutting onto soft tissue masses were irregular but clearly demarcated. No evidence of calcification or periosteal reaction was noted. Suprasellar mass and rib involvement was noted in one patient and hepatosplenomegaly in two. Follow-up CT and MR images showed that the soft tissue masses were almost completely resolved, with bone remodeling and reossification. A soft tissue mass with irregular but clearly demarcated bone destruction is thought to be a characteristic finding of LCH involving the orbit. Follow-up images after treatment showed bone remodeling and reossification. (author)

  9. CT findings of orbital langerhans cell histiocytosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the CT findings in patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) involving the orbit. Orbital CT scans of six children with pathologically proven LCH were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up CT (n=3D5) and MR (n=3D1) imaging findings were also reviewed. Initial CT scans revealed varying degree of bone destruction with soft-tissue masses, and on nonenhanced images the mean attenuation value was 44 Hounsfield units (HU). All masses showed mild to moderate enhancement with a mean attenuation value of 74 HU. The bony margins abutting onto soft tissue masses were irregular but clearly demarcated. No evidence of calcification or periosteal reaction was noted. Suprasellar mass and rib involvement was noted in one patient and hepatosplenomegaly in two. Follow-up CT and MR images showed that the soft tissue masses were almost completely resolved, with bone remodeling and reossification. A soft tissue mass with irregular but clearly demarcated bone destruction is thought to be a characteristic finding of LCH involving the orbit. Follow-up images after treatment showed bone remodeling and reossification. (author)

  10. CT finding of emphysematous gastritis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Emphysematous gastritis is a rare entity of infectious gastritis caused by gas-forming organisms and only 32 cases have been reported. CT is helpful in the diagnosis particularly in mild cases that there is only a small amount of gas. Typical CT findings of emphysematous gastritis are gas bubbles within the irregular thickened gastric wall and dilated stomach filled with secretions, debris and a large amount of gas. We report a case that was diagnosed by CT and operation.

  11. CT findings in sclerosing cholangitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the ability of CT to detect findings indicative of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) in the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary system, CT scans in 20 cases of PSC were compared with cholangiographic findings. Of 19 cases with extrahepatic duct disease demonstrated at cholangiography, CT detected abnormalities in the common hepatic or bile duct in 16 cases, including duct stenosis (n = 10), mural nodularity (n = 3), duct dilatation (n = 7), wall thickening (n = 6), and mural enhancement (n = 11). CT detected intrahepatic disease in all 20 cases with cholangiographic findings of PSC. CT abnormalities in the intrahepatic duct system included duct dilation (n = 19), duct stenosis (n = 15), pruning (n = 11), and beading (n = 7). CT was superior to cholangiography in characterizing the status of the intrahepatic duct system in 11 of 20 cases. In addition, CT was able to demonstrate signs of superimposed cholangiocarcinoma in three cases and to illustrate extrabiliary complications of PSC in 12 cases. This study showed that CT can detect abnormalities of the extrahepatic duct in the majority of patients with PSC and can more optimally characterize the status of the intrahepatic ducts

  12. FDG PET-CT Finding in Bilateral Renal and Bone Involvement of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Yusuf Ziya Tan; Sabire Yılmaz; Meftune Özhan

    2014-01-01

    Thirty-six year old male patient with pathological fracture of the left tibia underwent intramedullary and soft tissue curettage. The histopathological examination revealed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The patient underwent F18-FDG PET-CT scanning for initial staging. FDG PET-CT scan revealed hypermetabolic lesions at the left tibia and in bilateral kidneys. After the systemic chemotherapy and local radiotherapy to the tibia, repeated FDG PET/CT scan showed improvement of the previous hyper...

  13. Tuberous sclerosis complex: skeletal CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To describe the skeletal CT imaging manifestations in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), and to analyze their diagnostic value so as to establish an adequate skeletal change imaging data for the diagnosis of TSC. Methods: Thirteen patients fulfilling TSC diagnostic criteria were examined with CT of the brain (n=13) and abdomen (n=7). Examinations from January, 2004 to July, 2006 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: There were three forms of lesions being demonstrated on CT: (l) Multiple sclerosing nodule (n=13): numerous, ovoid and circular, homogeneous, small and well- defined foci and symmetrical lesions were revealed in all cases in the central marrow portion of the bones, which could mimic blastic metastases. Follow-up CT imaging showed no change in both size and number. The lesions measured approximately 2-10 mm. (2) Local sclerosing bone dysplasia with little bone expansion (n=7). Symmetrical and irregular density in the radix of the posterior arch of the vertebral body (n=5). (3) The spherical periosteal proliferation demonstrating as a cortex double line sign (n=2), and cortical thickening of metatarsals (n=3). The appearance of the skeletal manifestation was as that in adulthood. Conclusion: CT imaging of the skeletal system in TSC has some characteristics, by which the diagnosis of TSC could be made if combined with other main clinical diagnostic criteria. We suggest that those particular findings can be added as primary diagnostic features in the clinical diagnosis of TSC. (authors)

  14. CT findings of the thymus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Eun Young; Kim, Yun Hwan; Seol, Hae Young; Chung, Woun Kyun; Suh, Won Hyuck [Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1987-02-15

    In 14 cases of normal and abnormal thymus proved surgically and histopathologically in korea University Hae Wha Hospital during recent 6 years, the clinical and CT findings were analyzed. 1. Of 14 cases, 2 cases were normal thymus, 5 cases were thymic hyperplasia, 4 cases were benign thymoma, 2 case were malignant thymoma and 1 case was thymic cyst. 2. Of 14 cases, 10 cases were associated with myasthenia gravis, and 7 of these 10 cases were 3rd to 5th decades females. Among 10 cases with myasthenia gravis. 5 cases were thymic hyperplasia, 1 case was benign thymoma, 2 cases were malignant thymoma, and 2 cases were normal thymus. 3. All 5 thymic hyperplasia were associated with myasthenia gravis. CT findings of thymic hyperplasia were normal in 4 cases and increased lobe thickness in 1 case. 4. Of 4 cases of benign thymoma, only 1 case was associated with myasthenia gravis, and all 4 cases were positive findings in CT scan. CT findings of benign thymoma were round or oval soft tissue mass in anterior mediastinum, and 1 case had punctuate calcifications. 5. Of 2 cases of malignant thymoma, all 2 cases were associated with myasthenia gravis and positive findings in CT scan. CT findings of malignant thymoma were anterior mediastinal soft tissue mass with obliteration of the normal fat planes surrounding great vessels. SVC compression, and pleural tumor implants. 6. CT yielded significant diagnostic information of differential diagnosis between thymoma and thymoma hyperplasia in myasthenia gravis patients. Also CT was highly sensitive test in detection of thymoma and determined the extent and invasiveness of thymoma.

  15. CT findings of the thymus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 14 cases of normal and abnormal thymus proved surgically and histopathologically in korea University Hae Wha Hospital during recent 6 years, the clinical and CT findings were analyzed. 1. Of 14 cases, 2 cases were normal thymus, 5 cases were thymic hyperplasia, 4 cases were benign thymoma, 2 case were malignant thymoma and 1 case was thymic cyst. 2. Of 14 cases, 10 cases were associated with myasthenia gravis, and 7 of these 10 cases were 3rd to 5th decades females. Among 10 cases with myasthenia gravis. 5 cases were thymic hyperplasia, 1 case was benign thymoma, 2 cases were malignant thymoma, and 2 cases were normal thymus. 3. All 5 thymic hyperplasia were associated with myasthenia gravis. CT findings of thymic hyperplasia were normal in 4 cases and increased lobe thickness in 1 case. 4. Of 4 cases of benign thymoma, only 1 case was associated with myasthenia gravis, and all 4 cases were positive findings in CT scan. CT findings of benign thymoma were round or oval soft tissue mass in anterior mediastinum, and 1 case had punctuate calcifications. 5. Of 2 cases of malignant thymoma, all 2 cases were associated with myasthenia gravis and positive findings in CT scan. CT findings of malignant thymoma were anterior mediastinal soft tissue mass with obliteration of the normal fat planes surrounding great vessels. SVC compression, and pleural tumor implants. 6. CT yielded significant diagnostic information of differential diagnosis between thymoma and thymoma hyperplasia in myasthenia gravis patients. Also CT was highly sensitive test in detection of thymoma and determined the extent and invasiveness of thymoma.

  16. CT findings of exophageal perforation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heo, Jeong Nam; Choi, Yo Won; Jeon, Seok Chol; Park, Choong Ki; Hahm, Chang Kok [Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-09-01

    To determine which CT findings are useful for the early disgnosis of esophageal perforation, and on the basis of these findings, to assess the accuracy of prediction of the perforation site. A review of medical records indicated that between January 1995 and December 2001, 36 patients with esophageal perforation were admitted to our hospital. Thirteen of these [M:F=8:5, age; 28-69 (mean, 52.4) years], who had undergone CT chest scanning, were included in this study. The causes of esophageal perforation were trauma (n=5), infectious diseases (n=4), Boerhaave syndrome (n=1), lung cancer (n=1), esophageal cancer (n=1), and idiopathic. Two chest radiologists unaware of the clinical findings reviewed the CT scans and predicted whether the upper or lower esophagus was perforated. The most common CT finding was extraluminal air at the posterior mediastinum (n=11), while other findings included pulmonary consolidation (n=10), pleural effusion (n=7), discontinuity of the esophageal wall (n=6) and subcutaneous emphysema (n=4), fluid collection around the esophagus (n-4), esophageal wall thickening (n=4), pneumothorax (n=2), and lung abscess (n=2). The perforation site was accurately predicted in 76.9% of cases (10/13). The CT findings which help the diagnosis of esophageal perforation, and prediction of the sites at which it occurs, are extraluminal air of fluid collection, focal defect of the esophageal wall, and esophageal wall thickening.

  17. CT findings of necrotizing jejunitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Pyo Nyun; Lee, Kyung Soo; Bae, Won Kyung; Kim, Il Young; Lee, Byoung Ho [College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang Univ., Chunan (Korea, Republic of)

    1990-07-15

    Necrotizing enterocolitis, which is localized only in the jejunum, is very rare and this entity cannot be found in the English medical literature. We report the computed tomographic(CT) findings of necrotizing jejunitis in a 45-year-old man, which showed ring like and mottled air shadows between the contrast filled bowel lumen and its wall, dirty mesenteric fat and prominent mesenteric vascular enhancement. We regard CT is a useful diagnostic method of necrotizing jejunitis.

  18. CT findings of pulmonary aspergillosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheon, Jung Eun; Im, Jung Gi; Goo, Jin Mo; Kim, Hong Dae; Han, Man Chung [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-10-15

    The fungus aspergillus can cause a variety of pulmonary disorders. Aspergilloma is a noninvasive aspergillus colonization of virtually any type of preexisting pulmonary cavity or cystic space. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is serious, usually fatal infection in patients being treated with immunosuppressants or who have chronic debilitating disease. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is characterized clinically by asthma, blood and sputum eosinophilia and positive immunologic reaction to aspergillus antigen. Awareness of the radiographic and CT findings of pulmonary aspergillosis is important in making the diagnosis of aspergillus-caused pulmonary disorders. In this pictorial essay, we illustrated various radiological findings of pulmonary aspergillosis focused on CT findings correlated with gross pathologic specimens.

  19. CT findings of Japanese encephalitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shoji, Hiroshi; Toyomasu, Teruo; Fukada, Makiko; Nakashima, Kenichi; Kaji, Masaro; Kobayashi, Kenji

    1984-04-01

    In this study, CT findings of eight patients with Japanese encephalitis were analyzed. In principle, CT scans were done at the acute stage, within 3 weeks of the onset, and at the convalescent stage, after from 1 month to 1 year. The results may be divided into three groups: normal scans, low-density lesions, and ventricular abnormalities. 1) Normal scans: CT findings in Cases 1 and 5, showed no abnormalities, although patient 5 had clinically severe encephalitis. 2) Low-density lesions: In Case 3, a slight low-density area was observed in the bilateral thalami only at the acute stage. CT scans in Case 4, obtained 2 and 4 months after the onset, exhibited low-density areas in the bilateral thalami, the left basal ganglia, and the left substantia nigra. In Case 7, diffuse low-density areas in the white matter were found 3 months after the onset. 3) Ventricular abnormalities: CT in Case 2 revealed a moderate dilatation of the ventricular system, which probably suggests normal-pressure hydrocephalus. In 2 other cases, a narrowing or dilatation of the lateral ventricle was observed. The CT findings regarding Japanese encephalitis were discussed in comparison with those of other viral encephalitides, particularly herpes simplex encephalitis.

  20. CT finding of cryptococcal meningitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have experienced 14 cases of cryptococcal meningitis in the last 6 years. Their neurological signs, CT findings, and prognoses were studied. They fall into three types: the brain-stem-encephalitis type, the cortical-encephalitis type, and the meningitis type, according to the clinical course. The first type (6 cases) revealed mainly cerebellar signs, eye-movement damage, and so forth. The second type (5 cases) demonstrated ''Personality'' changes, chiefly aphasia. The third type (5 cases) did not show any focal signs. Prognosis of the brain-stem-encephalitis type was very poor, with a 50% mortality rate. In the survivors, also, clinical signs did not disappear for a long time. Repeated CT was performed in 13 among the 14 cases; abnormal CT findings were revealed in 5 cases because of cryptococcal infection. Granuloma shadow and ventriculitis shadow were observed in 3 cases each. These abnormal findings disappeared upon treatment except in one case. The clinical signs are not completely related with the CT finding, but it is useful that the site which has been infiltrated by the cryptococcus can be observed. Abnormal CT findings were observed in the 4 cases of the brain-stem-encephalitis type among the 5 abnormal cases. It is very useful to know the severity of the condition. (author)

  1. CT findings of malignant nasal cavity tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the CT findings of malignant nasal cavity tumors. Retrospective analysis was performed on 20 patients with pathologically-proven malignant nasal cavity tumors. Using CT, we analysed their location, extent of bone destruction and of involvement of adjacent structures, and enhancing pattern. A total of 20 cases included nine squamous cell carcinomas, three olfactory neuroblastomas, three lymphomas, two polymorphic reticulosis, one adenoid cystic carcinoma, one undifferentiated carcinoma and one metastasis from renal cell carcinoma. All cases except one adenoid cystic carcinoma and one squamous cell carcinoma revealed bone destruction or erosion. Aggressive bone destruction and irregular enhancement were seen in eight cases of squamous cell carcinoma, seven cases of which showed involvement of the adjacent paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, and orbit. Olfactory neuroblastomas were centered in the superior nasal cavity and the adjacent ethmoid sinus, and erosion or destruction of the cribriform plate had occurred. Lymphomas showed bilateral involvement, with uniform contrast enhancement. Polymorphic reticuloses showed perforation or erosion of the nasal septum, with bilateral involvement of the nasal cavity. The location, presence of bone destruction, involvement of adjacent structures, and enhancement pattern of tumor on CT can be helpful for the differential diagnosis of malignant nasal cavity tumors

  2. CT findings of hypersensitivity pneumonitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings of 22 cases of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) were evaluated on 1 cm slices. All cases were diagnosed by transbronchial lung biopsy and clinical information. The study population included 8 men and 14 women with a mean age of 43 years. The causative antigens were considered to be so-called summer type in 17 cases, air humidifier in 1, pigeon in 1 and paint spray (isocyanate was suspected) in 3. CT examinations were performed at a mean of 1.5 weeks after admission. In conclusion, characteristic CT findings of HP include combination of small nodular shadows and slight elevation of lung density. The size of nodular shadows was usually within 1 cm diameter, and their distribution was considered to be a centrilobular pattern, representing alveolitis and granuloma formation in a secondary lobule. It was thought that the slight elevation of lung density developed when the disease extended all over the secondary lobule and the nodules developed when the disease was limited to the centrilobular lesion. In most cases, significant changes in proximal bronchi and pulmonary vasculatures could not be detected. The presence of segmental or lobar distribution of the shadows was also suggested. In addition to the typical findings, various other findings were also revealed; irregular shaped dense shadows, subpleural curvilinear shadow and honeycombing formation, especially in chronic cases. These findings have caused some difficulty in distinguishing HP from other interstitial diseases. More precise information can probalty be obtained by thin slice CT than by 1 cm slice thicknesses, nevertheless, the standard method of CT should yield a useful diagnostic imaging. (author)

  3. CT Findings of Malarial Spleens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, Ji Yeon; Kwon, Jung Hyeok; Kim, Mi Jeong; Rho, Byung Hak; Lee, Mi Young [Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-10-15

    The purpose of our study was to evaluate the CT findings of malarial spleens. We reviewed the patient records of 44 patients with malaria during a recent 3.5-year period and we selected 18 patients who underwent an abdominal CT scan. We retrospectively evaluated the CT findings of the malarial spleens and we compared then with those of a control group of 18 men. We analyzed the splenic size, whether or not there was mottled striped splenic enhancement during the arterial phase and the differences of splenic attenuation and the attenuation between the liver and spleen during the precontrast phase, the arterial phase and the portal phase between the two groups. In malarial patients, the spleen was enlarged in all cases (p < 0.001), and splenic attenuation and the degree of enhancement were significantly decreased during the precontrast phase, the arterial phase and the portal phase (p < 0.001). Loss of mottled striped enhancement during the arterial phase was seen in 11 cases (61.1%) (p < 0.001). The attenuation of the spleen was lower than that of the liver in 13 cases (72.2%) during the portal phase (p = 0.003) and in 1 case (5.6%) during the arterial phase (p = 1.000). Splenomegaly, decreased splenic enhancement, the lack of mottled striped enhancement during the arterial phase and lower attenuation than that of the liver during the portal phase are helpful CT findings to diagnose the malarial spleen.

  4. CT findings of thymic tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Ho Son; Lee, Sang Jin; Hwang, Mi Soo; Cho, Kil Ho; Chang, Jae Chun; Park, Bok Hwan [College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    1991-05-15

    A CT scan can make accurate diagnoses of most thymic masses by assessing their size, shape, and internal architecture and is especially effective in detecting pleural implants, mediastinal involvement, and pulmonary parenchymal invasion in malignant thymoma. The authors analyzed the CT findings of 10 histologically-proven thymic masses from 1983 to 1990 in Yeungnam University Hospital. There were 10 cases of thymic masses in the anterior mediastinum consisting of 6 benign, 3 invasive thymomas, and one thymolipoma, while myasthenia gravis was associated with 2 cases of benign thymomas and with one case of invasive thymomas. The CT findings of the benign thymomas (6 cases) were well-defined, bordered, round-or oval-shaped masses with a well-preserved fat plane between the thymic mass and mediastinal great vessels, with no evidence of pleural implants and lung parenchymal invasion. The CT findings of the invasive thymomas (3 cases) were irregular, marginated lobular masses with obliteration of the fat plane between the thymic mass and surrounding great vessels, with evidence of local invasion such as extension to A-P window and mass effect to bronchus. Irregular pleural thickening due to pleural metastasis, multiple metastatic lung parenchymal nodules, and multiple mediastinal lymph node enlargement were also seen in the invasive thymomas. One case of thymolipoma showed an approximately 20cm-size, well-defined fat density mass containing internal septations.

  5. CT findings in cerebellar hemangioblastomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heiss, E.; Albert, F.

    1982-02-01

    The computed tomographic (CT) findings in 16 personal cases of cerebellar hemangioblastomas are presented. Accordings to other reports in the literature, three-quarters of the tumours were cystic, containing a small mural nodule, whereas the others were predominantly solid. By CT scan the cystic tumours were always identified as roundish or oval space-occupying lesions, sharply demarcated from the surrounding tissue. The solid portion of these tumours, projecting into the cystic part, was delineated more precisely by contrast enhancement, but sometimes escaped identification. On the contrary, even after contrast enhancement the predominantly solid tumours could not be clearly identified as hemangioblastomas. Calcification could not be demonstrated. Additional angiographic investigations were imperative in order to establish the diagnosis, besides visualizing further hypervascular nodules of hemangioblastoma, which CT scanning failed to reveal.

  6. CT findings of peritoneal carcinomatosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings in 137 patients with peritoneal cacinomatosis were reviewed to determine the CT signs of peritoneal malignancy. CT of the 20 liver cirrhosis and 17 tuberculous peritonitis were also reviewed to define the differential point between benign and malignant peritoneal change. The results were as follows. 1. The most common primary malignancy encountered in peritoneal carcinomatosis was stomach Ca.(50.4%), followed by pancreas Ca, hepatoma, colon Ca. and ovarian Ca. 2. Ascites was the most common CT feature of peritoneal malignancy, present in 99 cases (72.3%). The amount of ascites was voluminous, grade III in 70% of cases and showed high density ascites with average 23 Hounsfield units. 3. Greater omentum involvement was noted in 88 patients, peritoneum in 71 patients and mesentery in 65% patients. There was no correlation of the primary malignancy type with the incidence or pattern of the above mentioned site. 4. Bowel wall thickenings were observed in 51 patients, among which transverse colon was most frequently involved. 5. Mean attenuation value of ascites in liver cirrhosis was 10.7 HU, which was much lower than that of peritoneal carcinomatosis. 6. Even though intraperitoneal findings in Tbc. Peritonitis showed tendency of relatively small amount of ascites with more predominant mesenteric change, but, the findings of high density ascites, change of peritoneum and omentum etc. were very similar to those of peritoneal carcinomatosis. Therefore, based on only intraperitoneal change, differential diagnosis between them was difficult. 7. False negatives in CT diagnosis of peritoneal carcinomatosis occurred in 7 cases. There were tiny nodular changes in intraperitoneal cavity without ascites on operative findings

  7. Intracranial inflammatory pseudotumors : MRI and CT findings

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    Park, Eun Hee; Kim, Dae Hong; Yang, Gi Hwa; Oh, Gun Sei; Ahn, Byung Chul; Chung, Jin Young; Song, Mun Kab [Eulji Medical College, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Ho Kyu [Asan Medical Center, Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Song, Chang Joon [Chungnam National Univ. College of Medicine, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the MR imaging and CT findings of intracranial inflammatory pseudotumors. We reviewed the MR imaging (n=8) and CT (n=4) studies of eight patients (M:F=4:4, mean age:41 years) with pathologically proven intracranial inflammatory pseudotumor. The findings were then evaluated with regard to location, shape, MR signal intensity, CT density and degree of contrast enhancement of the lesion, surrounding parenchymal edema, adjacent bone change and the location of accompanying extracranial lesion. In two patients, the parietal convexity was involved unilaterally, with no extracranial mass, and in the other six, the middle cranial fossa was involved unilaterally and extracranial mass was present. The lesion also involved the tentorium in four cases, the cavernous sinus in four, the anterior cranial fossa in one, and the posterior cranial fossa in one. The location of extracranial mass was the mastoid and middle ear cavity in two cases, the infratemporal fossa in two, both the infratemporal fossa and paranasal sinuses in one, and the orbit in one. MR images showed diffuse dural thickening in all eight cases, leptomeningeal thickening in four, and focal meningeal-based mass in two. As seen on T1-weighted images, the lesions were isointense to gray matter in eight cases, and on T2-weighted images were hypointense in seven cases and isointense in one. Marked homogeneous contrast enhancement was seen in all eight cases. The lesions seen on brain CT, performed in two cases, were isodense. Adjacent brain parenchymal edema and the destruction of adjacent bones were each seen in five cases. The characteristic MR findings of intracranial inflammatory pseudotumors are(1) diffuse dural thickening;(2) a focal meningeal-based mass which on T2-weighted images is seen as hypointense;and marked(3) contrast enhancement : these findings are, however, nonspecific. In order to differentiate these tumors, an awareness of these findings is, however, useful.

  8. CT findings in skeletal cystic echinococcosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate the CT findings of skeletal cystic echinococcosis. Material and Methods: CT findings of 7 patients with pathologically confirmed skeletal cystic echinococcosis were evaluated. Results: There were 4 men and 3 women, aged 36-75 years. Hydatid cysts were located in the spine (n=2), a rib (n=3), the pelvis and a vertebra (n=1), the pelvis and the left femur (n=1). The size of the lesions varied from 1 cm to 15 cm. CT showed well defined, single or multiple cystic lesions with no contrast enhancement, no calcification, no daughter cysts, and no germinal membrane detachment. The cystic lesion had a honeycomb appearance in 2 cases, there was pathologic fracture in 2 cases, bone expansion in 5 cases, cortical thinning in 6 cases, cortical destruction in 6 cases, bone sclerosis in 1 case, and soft tissue extension in 6 cases. Conclusion: Preoperative differential diagnosis of skeletal cystic lesions should include cystic echinococcosis, especially in endemic areas, since this diagnosis may easily be missed unless kept in mind

  9. Groove Pancreatitis: Spiral CT Findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To describe the spiral CT findings of groove pancreatitis, a little known entity, and to review its differential diagnosis. We present 8 cases of groove pancreatitis. or pancreatitis affecting the groove between pancreatic head, duodenum and common bile duct, all studied with spiral CT. For two cases, in which were performed cephalic duodenopancreatectomies, anatomopathological correlations were available. In the other 6 cases, radiological follow-ups of anywhere between 5 and 36 months were utilized. In all eight cases, spiral CT showed expansion and increasing density of lipids within the groove with poor contrast enhancement indicative of the fibrous nature of this pathology, and associated with cystic areas in its interior and/or the duodenal wall. the pancreatic head was unaffected in pure forms of groove pancreatitis, and hypodense areas were observed in zones of cephalic segmental enhancement. Knowledge of this little known form of chronic pancreatitis, and the radiological findings that permit its diagnosis are important for the radiologist since its differential diagnosis includes neoplasia of the peri-ampullary region. (Author) 6 refs

  10. Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To assess the usefulness of computerized tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia. Material and Methods: A double helical CT was performed in 6 patients referred to our center because of a chest X-ray with pulmonary infiltrates. Clinical presentation was cough, fever and eosinophilia in peripheral blood. Patients' age ranged from 25 to 55 years; 4 were women and 2 were men, one of the latter had a history of bronchial asthma. All patients received treatment with corticosteroids, with remission of the clinical and radiological parameters. Three patients underwent a control CT. Results: Findings consisted in focal parenchymal alterations, with areas of pulmonary consolidation and areas of 'ground glass' appearance; both patterns coexisted in certain areas. In 3 cases the lesions extended from the apices to the pulmonary bases, with predominance of the upper and middle fields. In 1 patient, there was frank predominance in the left hemi thorax. In another patient, who had a history of asthma, there were signs of pulmonary hyperinflation, with diffuse thickening of the bronchial walls, added to the previously mentioned findings, which involved the entire lung. In the mediastinum, 1 patient had lymph nodes larger than 1 cm, 3 had lymph nodes that were not enlarged but were more numerous than usual, and in the remaining patients no lymph nodes were found. The control CT's showed almost total resolution of the pulmonary infiltrates. Conclusion: The combination of eosinophilia and characteristic pulmonary infiltrates with a likely clinical presentation, associated with an optimal response to treatment with corticosteroids allows to make a reliable diagnosis and avoids the need for a pulmonary biopsy. (author)

  11. CT findings of Wilson's disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thirteen cases of Wilson's disease were examined by computerized tomography. Two of them were latent cases. The other 11 were typical cases with a Kayser-Fleisher ring and neurological signs, and in which the ceruloplasmin level in serum was low. The caudate heads were measured by Barr's method using two ratios, FH/CC and CC/OT. The CT findings were as follows: (1) caudate head atrophy (10 cases), (2) cerebral atrophy and/or ventricular dilatation (7 cases), (3) symmetrical low density of thalamus (3 cases), (4) symmetrical low density of pallidum (2 cases), (5) low density of midbrain (2 cases), (6) symmetrical low density of putamen (1 case), (7) pons atrophy (1 case), (8) cerebellar atrophy (1 case), (9) low density of r-temporal area (1 case). All of them except for the two latent cases showed some abnormal findings on CT. Only one symptomatic case showed no caudate atrophy one year after the onset, though two other cases already showed marked atrophy after only 10 months. It was stressed that the low-density lesions in the thalamic area were found with a high frequency. There was no correlation between the duration of illness and the degree of caudate atrophy among the patients with Wilson's disease as compared with those with Huntington's chorea. As in a previous study of pneumoencephalography, we failed also to distinguish the two diseases by measuring the ratios on CT films. It may be valuable to study the progression of the CNS lesions of Wilson's disease by using CT repeatedly. (author)

  12. The CT findings of ganglioglioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report 2 cases of gangliogliomas of the sellar region, one of which was associated with chromophobe adenoma. Case 1. A 14-year-old female was admitted for a visual disturbance. Neurological examination showed bitemporal hemianopsia and secondary optic atrophy. CT scan showed an isodense mass in the suprasellar region, with homogneous enhancement by contrast medium and an accompanying low-density area in the left thalamus adjacent to the enhanced tumor mass. The histological diagnosis of the surgical specimen was ganglioglioma. Case 2. A 52-year-old female was admitted under the diagnosis of pituitary adenoma. Neurological examination showed bitemporal hemianopsia and signs of acromegaly. Plain skull X-ray film showed sellar ballooning and decalcification of the posterior clinoid process. The tumor resected in the first operation was histologically diagnosed as chromophobe adenoma mixed with ganglioglioma. In the follow-up, she showed signs and symptoms of a recurrent tumor, which was revealed to be ganglioglioma without any recurrence of chromophobe adenoma in the subsequent operations. The CT scan before the second operation showed an isodense supraand intrasellar mass with marked enhancement. Ganglioglioma is a rare, benign, nerve-cell tumor, mostly occurring in childhood and adolescence. The CT findings, together with the clinical history, the age of the patient, and the tumor location, may suggest the tentative preoperative diagnosis of ganglioglioma. (author)

  13. Specific CT findings of eclampsia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two cases of specific computed tomographic (CT) findings of eclampsia were reported. Case 1 was a 25-year-old primipara in the 10th month of pregnancy, and Case 2 was a 36-year-old primipara in the 9th month of pregnancy. Both were brought to our hospital because of attacks of preeclampsia and eclampsia. On admission, they were in a comatose state. Computed tomography (CT) on admission showed low- and high-density areas in the basal ganglia regions in Case 1 and low-density areas in the same regions in Case 2. In Case 1, cerebral angiograms obtained two days after the attack showed diffuse cerebral vasospasms in the anterior and middle cerebral arteries of both sides and the basilar artery. In Case 2, however, cerebral angiograms obtained three days after the attack showed no abnormal findings. The patients were saved by crisis-overcoming emergency treatment and care. The neurological condition gradually improved. Repeated CT three weeks after the onset showed only a slight low-density area and a small high-density area in the left basal ganglia region in Case 1, while the low-density areas in the bilateral basal ganglia regions disappeared in Case 2. Seven weeks after the attack, cerebral angiography was again performed, but the diffuse vasospasms had disappeared. The clinical courses were good, and the patients were discharged about eight weeks after the onset, by which time their consciousness had become clear and the neurological deficits had been well overcome. Cerebrovascular disorders caused by toxemia of pregnancy is rare; when they do occur, the main lesions of the brain are edema, focal ischemia, thrombosis, and hemorrhage. They may be related to cerebral vasospasm, and subsequent ischemic changes are observed at times with eclampsia. (author)

  14. CT findings of adenocarcinoma of the lung

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate CT findings of primary adenocarcinoma of the lung and to assess distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis. CT findings of 150 patients with adenocarcinoma, confirmed by histopathologic methods, were classified as central or peripheral lesion and pattern analysis of typical findings noted in this cancer was carried out. Intra and extrathoracic metastases of adenocarcinoma were also investigated. Of 150 cases of adenocarcinoma of the lung, 121 were found to be of the peripheral type and 29 were of the central type. These peripheral lesions comprised 105 nodules, 11 consolidations, four cavities and one linear lesion, while the central lesions consisted of 19 cases of atelectasis and tens of branchial wall thickening. lung to lung(nine cases), lymphangitic(five cases), and pleural metastasis(16 cases) were presented as intrathoracic metastasis, while bone(17), brain,(six), liver(two) and adrenal metastasis(one case)were presented as extrathoracic metastasis. The most common radiologic finding of adenocarcinoma is a peripheral single mass or nodule but consolidation, cavity or tubular lesions, as well as atelectasis or bronchial wall thickening alone can be presented as unusual findings of adenocarcinoma. As a consequence, it is in many cases difficult to differentially diagnose. Distant metastasis was also noted in many cases of early T-stage lesion, so to successfully manage the patient, careful evaluation of the metastasis is essential

  15. CT of temporal bone - IV. inner ear

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    Kwon, Jae Yoon; Sung, Kyu Bo; Youn, Eun Kyoung; Park, Youn Kyeung; Lee, Young Uk [Koryo general Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1990-07-15

    Temporal bone CT was done in 697 patients from April 1985 to October 1989. The abnormal findings were seen in 453 patients, which were chronic otitis media in 355 patients, fracture in 49 patients and congenital anomaly in 44 patients, etc. The abnormal findings of inner ear were observed on 46 patients. The results were summarized as follows : 1. The incidence of inner ear involvement by chronic otitis media was 7.3% (26/355 : labyrinthine fistula in 17 patients, labyrinthitis ossificans in 9 patients). Labyrinthine fistula was most commonly located on lateral semicircular canal (15/17, 88.2%). 2. Fusion of vestibule with lateral semicircular canal and formation of common cavity was demonstrated incidentally in 5 patients (0.7% of total number of temporal bone CT), and bilateral in 3 patients. 3. The incidence of inner ear anomaly in congenital ear anomaly was 11.4% (5/44). All cases were bilateral and three patients showed associated middle ear anomaly. 4. The incidence of involvement of bony labyrinth in temporal bone fracture was 10.2% (5/49). Labyrinthine fracture was seen all patients of transverse(3) and mixed fracture(1). In longitudinal fracture, labyrinthine fracture was seen in 2.2% (1/45). 5. Others were traumatic labyrinthitis ossificans(1), intracanalicular acoustic neuroma(3) and facial nerve neuroma(1)

  16. Interesting bone scans - unusual findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dobson, M.; Wadhwa, S.S.; Mansberg, R.; Fernandes, V.B. [Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, NSW (Australia)

    1997-12-01

    A 59-year-old female with carcinoma of the colon and known liver metastatic disease was referred for bone scan to evaluate for bone metastases. Although no bone metastases were found, there was abnormal uptake noted in the liver corresponding to a metastatic calcified lesion. The only other findings were of degenerative disease in the cervical spine, right shoulder and small joints of the hands. A 69-year-old male with carcinoma of the prostate and right side low back pain was referred for bone scan. No focal abnormalities to suggest metastatic disease were identified; findings within the cervical spine, lumber spine and knees were presumed secondary to degenerative disease. Intermittent pain persisted and the patient was referred for a repeat bone scan six months later. Previous scan findings of degenerative disease and no metastatic disease were confirmed; however, closer inspection revealed an enlarged right kidney with significant retention of tracer in the pelvicalyceal system suggesting possible obstruction. A Retrograde pyelogram was performed, and no obvious obstruction demonstrated. As bone scan findings were very suggestive of obstruction, a DTPA scan with lasix was performed showing a dilated right collecting system with no functional obstruction. Given the degree of dilation, it is possible that the patient experiences intermittent PUJ obstruction causing his symptoms. A 33-year-old male with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and viral arthritis was referred for a bone scan. A three phase revealed increased uptake in the region of the knee and leR proximal tibia. Delayed whole body images revealed multiple focal areas of osteoblastic activity in the leR tibia. Abnormal uptake was also seen in the upper third of the leR femur. The remainder of the skeletal survey was normal. X-ray correlation of the leR tibia and femoral findings was undertaken. Combinating unilateral changes on bone scan and X-ray although very suggestive of sclerotic polyostotic

  17. Interesting bone scans - unusual findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 59-year-old female with carcinoma of the colon and known liver metastatic disease was referred for bone scan to evaluate for bone metastases. Although no bone metastases were found, there was abnormal uptake noted in the liver corresponding to a metastatic calcified lesion. The only other findings were of degenerative disease in the cervical spine, right shoulder and small joints of the hands. A 69-year-old male with carcinoma of the prostate and right side low back pain was referred for bone scan. No focal abnormalities to suggest metastatic disease were identified; findings within the cervical spine, lumber spine and knees were presumed secondary to degenerative disease. Intermittent pain persisted and the patient was referred for a repeat bone scan six months later. Previous scan findings of degenerative disease and no metastatic disease were confirmed; however, closer inspection revealed an enlarged right kidney with significant retention of tracer in the pelvicalyceal system suggesting possible obstruction. A Retrograde pyelogram was performed, and no obvious obstruction demonstrated. As bone scan findings were very suggestive of obstruction, a DTPA scan with lasix was performed showing a dilated right collecting system with no functional obstruction. Given the degree of dilation, it is possible that the patient experiences intermittent PUJ obstruction causing his symptoms. A 33-year-old male with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and viral arthritis was referred for a bone scan. A three phase revealed increased uptake in the region of the knee and leR proximal tibia. Delayed whole body images revealed multiple focal areas of osteoblastic activity in the leR tibia. Abnormal uptake was also seen in the upper third of the leR femur. The remainder of the skeletal survey was normal. X-ray correlation of the leR tibia and femoral findings was undertaken. Combinating unilateral changes on bone scan and X-ray although very suggestive of sclerotic polyostotic

  18. CT findings in Crohn's disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the CT features and the role of CT in the diagnosis of Crohn's disease. Methods: CT manifestations of 18 patients with pathology confirmed Crohn's disease were retrospectively analyzed. The majority of the patients were scanned with spiral CT or multidetector row CT. Results: All 18 patients, segmental thickening of the bowel wall was detected. There were two different appearances in contrast-enhanced CT scans: (1) mural thickening without enhancement or mural stratification, and homogeneous attenuation in the thickened wall were observed in 7 patients; (2) mural thickening and stratification, resulting in the target or double-halo appearance, were detected in 11 patients, and the bowel wall thickening ranged from 5 to 10 mm. Nine patients had perienteric abnormalities including fibrofatty proliferation, phlegmon and mesenteric hypervascularity. According to the CT manifestations, 5 patients were initially diagnosed as other diseases including intestinal obstruction (1 case), tuberculosis (1 case), cancer (2 cases), and abscess (1 case), respectively. Conclusion: CT has the unparalleled ability to depict the abnormalities in the bowel wall, mesentery, abdominal and pelvic viscera, and contrast- enhanced CT can distinguish active Crohn's disease from quiescent Crohn's disease. These features make CT particularly valuable in the management of Crohn's disease. (authors)

  19. Tarsal coalitions: CT and MRI findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Tarsal coalition is a rare congenital disorder which represents the abnormal fusion of two or more tarsal bones. The purpose of this paper is to describe our experience with CT and MR in this articular disorder, helping to improve its diagnosis, which in many cases is missed. It is most often diagnosed when the tarsal region is examined for other reasons, than as a confirmation of a preliminary clinical diagnosis. Material and Method: Between January 1999 and May 2001, we studied 16 cases of tarsal coalitions, with CT and/or MR. A helical Toshiba K-press tomograph, a conventional TC 60-X tomograph (performing reconstruction algorithms with bone filter, and 2 mm sections per 2 mm of bed displacement) and a 1.5 Tessla Toshiba Visart MR equipment (axial, sagittal and coronal planes, with T1, T2-weighted, and T2 with fat suppression sequences) were used. Results: In the 16 cases evaluated, 28 tarsal coalitions were detected. Eight patients had bilateral coalitions (50%) and of the 8 remaining patients with unilateral disorders, 4 had 4 coexistent coalitions (25%). Eight bony bars were detected (28.5%) and 20 were non-ossified-cartilaginous and/or fibrous- (71.5%); 14 of them (50%) were talo-calcaneal, 8 (28.5%) were calcaneo-navicular, 4 (14.2%) were talo-navicular and 2 (7.1%) were cuboid-navicular coalitions. Conclusion: Calcaneo-navicular and talo-calcaneal coalitions account for approximately 80% of all cases. Conventional radiology is usually the initial method to study these lesions and often allows to make the diagnosis without the need for more complex methods. When the radiological findings are non-existent or misleading, CT or MRI may lead to a final diagnosis: to differentiate among the various subtypes and to assess the degree of articular involvement, which is mandatory in order to define the appropriate treatment. (author)

  20. Acute pancreatitis: clinical vs. CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a prospective study of 91 patients with acute pancreatitis, computed tomographic (CT) findings were correlated with the clinical type of acute pancreatitis. In acute edematous pancreatitis (63 patients; 16 with repeat CT), CT was normal (28%) or showed inflammation limited to the pancreas (61%). Phlegmonous changes were present in 11%, including one patient with focal pancreatic hemorrhage, indicating that clinically unsuspected hemorrhagic pancreatitis can occur. In acute necrotizing (hemorrhagic, suppurative) pancreatitis (nine patients; eight with repeat CT), no patient had a normal CT scan and 89% had phlegmonous changes. One patient had hemorrhagic pancreatitis and three had abscesses. In acute exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis (10 patients; three with repeat CT), there were pancreatic calcifications (70%), a focal mass (40%), and pancreatic ductal dilation (30%). On follow-up CT, the findings of acute pancreatitis did not always disappear with resolution of the clinical symptons. This was especialy true of phlegmonous pancreatitis, where the CT findings could persist for months

  1. CT findings in neonatal hypothermia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulman, H.; Laufer, L.; Berginer, J.; Hertzanu, Y. [Department of Radiology, Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P. O. Box 151, Beer-Sheva 84101 (Israel); Hershkowitz, E.; Berenstein, T.; Sofer, S. [Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva (Israel); Maor, E. [Department of Pathology, Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva (Israel)

    1998-06-01

    Background. Newborn infants are particularly prone to hypothermia, a condition with a high mortality. Objective. To study the CT brain patterns in infants with hypothermia and neurological symptoms. Materials and methods. We reviewed the brain CT of nine infants with neonatal hypothermia, multiple organ failure, seizures and coma. Results. Two infants had normal CT scans, acutely and at follow-up, and were clinically normal at follow-up. In seven infants, CT showed diffuse cerebral oedema, with reversal of the normal density relationship between grey and white matter and a relative increased density of the thalami, brainstem and cerebellum - the `reversal sign`. In six surviving infants with severe developmental delay, follow-up CT revealed cerebral atrophy with multicystic encephalomalacia. Conclusions. The `reversal sign` has been described in the abused child, birth asphyxia and anoxia due to drowning. Neonatal hypothermia is offered as a further cause. (orig.) With 6 figs., 1 tab., 13 refs.

  2. CT findings in neonatal hypothermia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background. Newborn infants are particularly prone to hypothermia, a condition with a high mortality. Objective. To study the CT brain patterns in infants with hypothermia and neurological symptoms. Materials and methods. We reviewed the brain CT of nine infants with neonatal hypothermia, multiple organ failure, seizures and coma. Results. Two infants had normal CT scans, acutely and at follow-up, and were clinically normal at follow-up. In seven infants, CT showed diffuse cerebral oedema, with reversal of the normal density relationship between grey and white matter and a relative increased density of the thalami, brainstem and cerebellum - the 'reversal sign'. In six surviving infants with severe developmental delay, follow-up CT revealed cerebral atrophy with multicystic encephalomalacia. Conclusions. The 'reversal sign' has been described in the abused child, birth asphyxia and anoxia due to drowning. Neonatal hypothermia is offered as a further cause. (orig.)

  3. CT-scanning of ancient Greenlandic Inuit temporal bones

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Additional morphological evidence of former infectious middle ear disease (IMED) was found by CT-scanning in 5 of 6 Greenlandic Inuit crania strongly suspected for former IMED due to earlier examination revealing either bilateral hypocellularity or asymmetry of the pneumatized area of the temporal bones. The CT-scans showed sclerosing and obliteration of the air cells and even destruction of the cellular septae, and a high degree of irregularity of the cells. Sclerosing of the surrounding bone tissue was also found. The findings in one cranium were dubious and could both be regarded as a congenital malformation or an infection in infanthood. CT-scan confirms and even adds to the results of conventional X-ray of temporal bones making hypotheses of paleopathology more reliable. The findings also support the environmental theory of pneumatization of the air cell system in the temporal bones. (13 refs., 10 figs.)

  4. CT-scanning of ancient Greenlandic Inuit temporal bones

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Homøe, P; Lynnerup, N; Videbaek, H

    1992-01-01

    Additional morphological evidence of former infectious middle ear disease (IMED) was found by CT-scanning in 5 of 6 Greenlandic Inuit crania strongly suspected for former IMED due to earlier examination revealing either bilateral hypocellularity or asymmetry of the pneumatized area of the temporal...... bones. The CT-scans showed sclerosing and obliteration of the air cells and even destruction of the cellular septae, and a high degree of irregularity of the cells. Sclerosing of the surrounding bone tissue was also found. The findings in one cranium were dubious and could both be regarded as a...... congenital malformation or an infection in infanthood. CT-scan confirms and even adds to the results of conventional X-ray of temporal bones making hypotheses of paleopathology more reliable. The findings also support the environmental theory of pneumatization of the air cell system in the temporal bones....

  5. Tuberculous otitis media: findings on high-resolution CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe two cases of tuberculous otitis media studied with high-resolution computed tomography (CT). Findings included extensive soft tissue densities with fluid levels in the tympanic cavity, the antrum, the mastoid and petrous air cells. Multifocal bony erosions and reactive bone sclerosis were seen as well. CT proved valuable for planning therapy by accurately displaying the involvement of the various structures of the middle and inner ear. However, the specific nature of the disease could only be presumed. (orig.)

  6. Combined bilateral idiopathic necrosis of the humerus and femur heads: Bone scan, X-ray, CT, and MRI findings. Kombinierte beidseitige idiopathische Nekrose der Humerus- und Femurkoepfe: Skelettszintigraphie, Roentgen-, CT- und MRT-Befunde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piepenburg, R.; Hahn, K. (Mainz Univ. (Germany). Klinik fuer Nuklearmedizin); Doll, G. (Mainz Univ. (Germany). Klinik fuer Roentgendiagnostik); Grimm, J. (Mainz Univ. (Germany). Orthopaedische Klinik)

    1992-12-01

    Untreated aseptic bone necroses close to a joint commonly leads to severe secondary arthrosis and destruction of the joint within a short time. Therefore, only a diagnosis in an early stage of the disease offers the chance of a successful joint- preserving therapy. In cases of clinically suspected aseptic bone necrosis but still negative or doubtful X-ray findings, bone scans or MRI are reliable methods of verifying the diagnosis. (orig./MG).

  7. CT findings of muscular dystrophy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT scans of muscles in patients with limb girdle type (LG), myotonic type (MYD) and Duchenne type (DMD) dystrophies were obtained at five different body levels: the neck, L3 vertebral body, pelvic girdle, thigh and lower leg. CT numbers, cross sectional areas (CSA) and %CSA of muscle or fat were evaluated in each muscle. The characteristic CT patterns for each type of muscular dystrophy were obtained. Compared with DMD, the gracilis and soleus were more severely damaged in LG and the biceps femoris remained relatively preserved among the hamstrings. In addition, the multifidus of the neck and sternocleidomastoid also were more severely damaged in MYD. This study suggests that CT scan will be useful in the differential diagnosis of these types of muscular dystrophy as well as in planning appropriate rehabilitation and detecting damaged muscles. (author)

  8. CT of temporal bone II. OMPC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ham, So Hie; Ahn, Jung Sook; Sung, Kyu Bo; Woo, Won Hyung [Koryo General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1987-10-15

    High resolution CT is well known excellent modality for evaluation of fine ear structures and its changes, but is not usual method for detection of inflammatory disease of ear. Forty cases of OMPC were reviewed advantage and advantage and limitations also evaluated. The results were as follows: 1. On CT findings of OMPC, abnormalities were external auditory canal in 14 cases(35%), tympanic membrane in 31 cases (77.5%), soft tissue mass in middle ear cavity and/or mastoid antrum in 34 cases (85%), middle ear effusion in 9 cases (22.5%), and bony labyrinth in 5 cases (12.5%). 2. Partial erosion and missing of ossicles were long process and lenticular process of incus, body of incus, head of malleus, and stapes in order. 3. Advantage of temporal bone CT were early detection of soft tissue mass, evaluation of extent of disease, destruction of bony structure and ossicular destruction. 4. Differentiation of cholesteatoma and granulation was difficult and examination of superstructures such as stapes and facial nerve canal were limit0008.

  9. CT findings at lupus mesenteric vasculitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To describe the spectrum of early CT findings of lupus mesenteric vasculitis (LMV) and to assess the utility of CT in the management of this uncommon entity. Methods: Abdominal CT was performed within 1-4 days (average 2.2 days) of the onset of severe abdominal pain and tenderness in 15 women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Prompt high-dose i.v. corticosteroid in 11 patients after the CT diagnosis of LMV was made. CT was performed after abdominal symptoms subsided. Results: Eleven cases revealed CT features suggestive of LMV including conspicuous prominence of mesentric vessels with palisade pattern or comb-like appearance (CT comb sign) supplying focal or diffuse dilated bowel loops (n=11), ascites with slightly increased peritoneal enhancement (n=11), small bowel wall thickening (n=10) with double halo or target sign (n=8). Follow-up CT before high-dose steroid therapy revealed complete or marked resolution of the abnormal CT findings. Conclusion: CT is helpful for confirming the diagnosis of LMV, especially the comb sign which may be an early sign. Bowel ischemia due to LMV is less ominous than previously expected, and the abnormal CT findings were reversible when early diagnosis and prompt i.v. steroid therapy could be achieved. (orig.)

  10. CT findings in patients with cerebral palsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konno, K. (Akita Univ. (Japan))

    1982-01-01

    Clinical findings and CT findings in 73 cases of cerebral palsy were studied. The causes of cerebral palsy were presumed to be as follows: abnormal cerebral development (36%), asphyxial delivery (34%), and immature delivery (19%), etc. CT findings were abnormal in 58% of the 73 cases, 83% of the spastic tetraplegia patients and all of the spastic hemiplegia patients showed abnormal CT findings. All the patients with spastic monoplegia presented normal CT findings. In 75% of the spastic hemiplegia cases, the CT abnormalities were due to cerebral parenchymal abnormality such as porencephaly and regional low absorption. In cases of spastic tetraplegia, cerebral parenchymal abnormality was found only in 10%. Cortical atrophy was found only in 15 of the 73 cases, whereas central atrophy was found in 36 cases.

  11. CT findings in patients with cerebral palsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clinical findings and CT findings in 73 cases of cerebral palsy were studied. The causes of cerebral palsy were presumed to be as follows: abnormal cerebral development (36%), asphyxial delivery (34%), and immature delivery (19%), etc. CT findings were abnormal in 58% of the 73 cases, 83% of the spastic tetraplegia patients and all of the spastic hemiplegia patients showed abnormal CT findings. All the patients with spastic monoplegia presented normal CT findings. In 75% of the spastic hemiplegia cases, the CT abnormalities were due to cerebral parenchymal abnormality such as porencephaly and regional low absorption. In cases of spastic tetraplegia, cerebral parenchymal abnormality was found only in 10%. Cortical atrophy was found only in 15 of the 73 cases, whereas central atrophy was found in 36 cases. (Ueda, J.)

  12. CT findings of diffuse malignant leptomeningeal melanoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This was a case of malignant melanoma which spreaded diffusely in the meninges. The diagnosis was established by cytology of the cerebrospinal fluid. The CT images, cerebral angiographic findings and pathological findings by autopsy were presented. (Chiba, N.)

  13. CT, MR and angiographic findings of hemangiopericytomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Soo Mee; Lee, Ho Kyu; Shin, Ji Hoon; Kim, Jae Kyun; Kim, Dae Hong; Choi, Choong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-07-01

    Hemangiopericytoma(HP) exhibits its pathologic findings different from those of meningioma or other angiomatous tumor; and its clinical behavior is unique and prognosis worse than other cases. We reviewed the CT, MR and angiographic findings of HPs and evaluated differential radiologic points of comparison between typical meningiomas and meningeal HPs. MR(n=16), CT(n=5) and angiographic imaging(n=10) were performed in 18 patients(M:F = 12:6, mean age: 45 years) with histologically proven primary HPs. We evaluated the imaging findings of HPs with respect to site, shape, size, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, vascular signal voids, calcification, bony and adjacent sinus involvement, and angiographic findings. HPs were meningeal in 14 cases and nonmeningeal in four. Meningeal HPs were located in the parasagittal region(n=8), convexity(n=3), intradural extramedullary space(n=1), choroid plexus(n=1), and olfactory groove(n=1). Nonmeningeal HPs were located in the masticator space(n=2), paraspinal area(n=1) and supraclavicular area(n=1). The mean maximal dimension of tumors was about 5.4cm and their shape was papillary(n=8) or lobulated(n=7). MR images showed high(n=13) or iso(n=3) signal intensities on T2W1, and heterogeneity on T2W1(n=9). Vascular signal voids in the mass were seen in all cases, while in two cases, CT scanning showed nodular dense calcification. Bone destruction was present in six cases, but no hyperostosis was found. In five cases, the superior sagittal sinus was involved. Angiographic images revealed highly vascular masses supplied by the internal carotid artery(n=5), external carotid artery(n=8), descending scapular artery(n=1) and radiculomedullary artery(n=1), with delayed tumor blush during the capillary and venous phase in which there was no arteriovenous shunt. HP is one of the extra-axial tumors in which there is hypervascularity, aggressive bony destruction arising in the meningeal and extrameningeal area, and heterogeneous high

  14. CT, MR and angiographic findings of hemangiopericytomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hemangiopericytoma(HP) exhibits its pathologic findings different from those of meningioma or other angiomatous tumor; and its clinical behavior is unique and prognosis worse than other cases. We reviewed the CT, MR and angiographic findings of HPs and evaluated differential radiologic points of comparison between typical meningiomas and meningeal HPs. MR(n=16), CT(n=5) and angiographic imaging(n=10) were performed in 18 patients(M:F = 12:6, mean age: 45 years) with histologically proven primary HPs. We evaluated the imaging findings of HPs with respect to site, shape, size, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, vascular signal voids, calcification, bony and adjacent sinus involvement, and angiographic findings. HPs were meningeal in 14 cases and nonmeningeal in four. Meningeal HPs were located in the parasagittal region(n=8), convexity(n=3), intradural extramedullary space(n=1), choroid plexus(n=1), and olfactory groove(n=1). Nonmeningeal HPs were located in the masticator space(n=2), paraspinal area(n=1) and supraclavicular area(n=1). The mean maximal dimension of tumors was about 5.4cm and their shape was papillary(n=8) or lobulated(n=7). MR images showed high(n=13) or iso(n=3) signal intensities on T2W1, and heterogeneity on T2W1(n=9). Vascular signal voids in the mass were seen in all cases, while in two cases, CT scanning showed nodular dense calcification. Bone destruction was present in six cases, but no hyperostosis was found. In five cases, the superior sagittal sinus was involved. Angiographic images revealed highly vascular masses supplied by the internal carotid artery(n=5), external carotid artery(n=8), descending scapular artery(n=1) and radiculomedullary artery(n=1), with delayed tumor blush during the capillary and venous phase in which there was no arteriovenous shunt. HP is one of the extra-axial tumors in which there is hypervascularity, aggressive bony destruction arising in the meningeal and extrameningeal area, and heterogeneous high

  15. Membranous lipodystrophy: skeletal findings on CT and MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nwawka, O.K.; Schneider, Robert; Mintz, Douglas N. [Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Radiology and Imaging, New York, NY (United States); Bansal, Manjula [Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, New York, NY (United States); Lane, Joseph [Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New York, NY (United States)

    2014-10-15

    Membranous lipodystrophy, also known as Nasu-Hakola disease, is a rare hereditary condition with manifestations in the nervous and skeletal systems. The radiographic appearance of skeletal lesions has been well described in the literature. However, CT and MRI findings of lesions in the bone have not been documented to date. This report describes the radiographic, CT, MRI, and histopathologic skeletal findings in a case of membranous lipodystrophy. With corroborative pathologic findings, a diagnosis of membranous lipodystrophy on imaging allows for appropriate clinical management of disease manifestations. (orig.)

  16. CT colonography: techniques, indications, findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mang, Thomas; Graser, Anno; Schima, Wolfgang; Maier, Andrea

    2007-03-01

    Computed tomographic colonography (CTC) is a minimally invasive technique for imaging the entire colon. Based on a helical thin-section CT of the cleansed and air-distended colon, two-dimensional and three-dimensional projections are used for image interpretation. Several clinical improvements in patient preparation, technical advances in CT, and new developments in evaluation software have allowed CTC to develop into a powerful diagnostic tool. It is already well established as a reliable diagnostic tool in symptomatic patients. Many experts currently consider CTC a comparable alternative to conventional colonoscopy, although there is still debate about its sensitivity for the detection of colonic polyps in a screening population. This article summarizes the main indications, the current techniques in patient preparation, data acquisition and data analysis as well as imaging features for common benign and malignant colorectal lesions. PMID:17224254

  17. CT colonography: Techniques, indications, findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomographic colonography (CTC) is a minimally invasive technique for imaging the entire colon. Based on a helical thin-section CT of the cleansed and air-distended colon, two-dimensional and three-dimensional projections are used for image interpretation. Several clinical improvements in patient preparation, technical advances in CT, and new developments in evaluation software have allowed CTC to develop into a powerful diagnostic tool. It is already well established as a reliable diagnostic tool in symptomatic patients. Many experts currently consider CTC a comparable alternative to conventional colonoscopy, although there is still debate about its sensitivity for the detection of colonic polyps in a screening population. This article summarizes the main indications, the current techniques in patient preparation, data acquisition and data analysis as well as imaging features for common benign and malignant colorectal lesions

  18. CT colonography: Techniques, indications, findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mang, Thomas [Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)]. E-mail: thomas.mang@meduniwien.ac.at; Graser, Anno [Department of Clinical Radiology, Grosshadern Campus, University of Munich, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377 Munich (Germany); Schima, Wolfgang [Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Maier, Andrea [Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2007-03-15

    Computed tomographic colonography (CTC) is a minimally invasive technique for imaging the entire colon. Based on a helical thin-section CT of the cleansed and air-distended colon, two-dimensional and three-dimensional projections are used for image interpretation. Several clinical improvements in patient preparation, technical advances in CT, and new developments in evaluation software have allowed CTC to develop into a powerful diagnostic tool. It is already well established as a reliable diagnostic tool in symptomatic patients. Many experts currently consider CTC a comparable alternative to conventional colonoscopy, although there is still debate about its sensitivity for the detection of colonic polyps in a screening population. This article summarizes the main indications, the current techniques in patient preparation, data acquisition and data analysis as well as imaging features for common benign and malignant colorectal lesions.

  19. CT findings of intrathoracic mesothelioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    8 patients with pathologically proven pleural mesothelioma (5 localized type, 3 diffuse type), and 1 patient with malignant pericardial mesothelioma, were examined by computed tomography (CT), and obtained some results as follows: 1. Pleural Mesothelioma a. Localized pleural mesothelioma 4 cases were benign and 1 case was malignant in microscopic examination. CT showed invariably sharply marginated pleura-based soft tissue mass and the density of the mass was variable, homogenous in small tumor but inhomogenous with low density area in larger ones, and even calcification was seen in one of them. The angle of pleura-mass interface was obtuse in only one small tumor and acute with smooth taping end in four lager tumor. b. Diffuse pleural mesothelioma (DPM) Multiple nodular pleural masses encompassing nearly entire lung were seen with associated multiple subpleural parenchymal nodule and localized axial interstitial thickening in two case. Protruding chest wall mass with destruction of rib was seen in previous pneumonectomized thorax. Minimal pleural effusion/thickening was also seen in all. 2. Pericardial mesothelioma Pericardial fluid and multiple nodular masses, which occupied pericardial sac up to superior sinus were well delineated on CT. It had been misinterpreted as pericardial effusion for years on echocardiogram

  20. Bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the bronchus is an extremely rare tracheobronchial neoplasm arising in the bronchial submucosal glands that shows an intimate admixture of glandular elements and sheets of cells with little or no definite squamous differentiation. We report 2 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the bronchus found in a 15-year-old boy and a 59-year-old woman. CT scans revealed a well-marginated, exophytic, endobronchial, polypoid soft tissue mass. Bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of endobronchial tumors in young patients and non-smokers

  1. Bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun; Kang, Si Won; Ahn, Kuk Jin; Bahk, Yong Whee [Daejeon St. Mary' s Hospital, Catholic University Medical Colleg, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    1991-03-15

    Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the bronchus is an extremely rare tracheobronchial neoplasm arising in the bronchial submucosal glands that shows an intimate admixture of glandular elements and sheets of cells with little or no definite squamous differentiation. We report 2 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the bronchus found in a 15-year-old boy and a 59-year-old woman. CT scans revealed a well-marginated, exophytic, endobronchial, polypoid soft tissue mass. Bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of endobronchial tumors in young patients and non-smokers.

  2. CT findings in hemorrhagic infarction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    7 cases of hemorrhagic infarction in which a high-density area in a low-density area were revealed on follow-up CT scan are reported. Symptomatically, 4 cases were completed strokes, while 3 cases were RIND. Recanalization of the occluded vessel was seen in all 5 cases on which follow-up angiography was performed. Hemorrhagic infarction was recognized between the 6th and 21st day after onset. CT scan revealed various patterns of hemorrhagic infarction - massive hematoma, watershed hemorrhage, diffuse petechial hemorrhage, etc. Clinical prognoses of these cases were provided in two groups. 3 cases whose clinical symptoms deteriorated at the time of hemorrhage died. On the other hand, 4 cases whose clinical symptoms were stationary, but who nevertheless had hemorrhagic infarction, had good or excellent prognoses. Hemorrhagic infarction of the former group took place during the acute stage of cerebral ischemia(6-8th day after onset), but that of the latter group took place during the subacute stage of cerebral ischemia (12-21st day after onset). Contrast enhancement was seen in all the cases except for one case of the acute stage. Contrast enhancement in the acute stage was recognized in 2 cases on the 4th day after onset. (author)

  3. Acute gynecologic disorders in adolescents: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Tong [Soonchunhyang Univ. Cheonan Hospital/Soonchunhyang Univ. College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    Gynecologic disorders that cause pelvic pain in adolescents include hemorrhagic ovarian cysts, rupture or torsion of ovarian cyst or tumors, hematocolpos caused by vaginal obstruction, endometriosis, cystic uterine adenomyosis, pelvic inflammatory diseases, and pelvic inclusion cyst. The use of CT for the evaluation of pelvic pain is increasing, and CT is useful if ultrasound findings are not decisive and the lesion is extensive.

  4. Acute gynecologic disorders in adolescents: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gynecologic disorders that cause pelvic pain in adolescents include hemorrhagic ovarian cysts, rupture or torsion of ovarian cyst or tumors, hematocolpos caused by vaginal obstruction, endometriosis, cystic uterine adenomyosis, pelvic inflammatory diseases, and pelvic inclusion cyst. The use of CT for the evaluation of pelvic pain is increasing, and CT is useful if ultrasound findings are not decisive and the lesion is extensive

  5. Helical CT findings in mesenteric ischemia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seung Hoon; Lim, Hyo Keun; Lee, Won Jae; Choi, Sang Hee; Lee, Soon Jin; Cho, Jae Min; Kim, Kyung Ah; Lee, Yon Ok [Sungkyunkwan Univ. College of Medicine. Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-08-01

    Ischemic bowel disease is one of the common causes of acute abdomen, which results from insufficient blood flow to the small bowel and colon caused by arterial or venous occlusion or mesenteric vasoconstriction. Early diagnosis by clinical, laboratory, and radiologic findings is often difficult and delay in adequate therapy results in substantial morbidity and mortality. CT is known to be useful for the evaluation of patients with suspected bowel ischemia or infarction. This study describes the spectrum of helical CT findings in acute and chronic mesenteric ischemia due to various causes, and explains the value of CT findings for specific diagnosis.

  6. CT findings of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spondylolysis is a common condition, but CT findings have been paid relatively scanty attention in journal publication. The authors reviewed lumbar spine CT of 42 patients who were diagnosed as spondylosis and/or spondylolisthesis in Gyeong Sang National University Hospital. The results were as follows. 1. In 27 cases of spondylolysis, it most frequently occurred at L5 (55.5%) with 88.3% of bilaterality. The defeat of the pars interarticularis was most clearly visible on the slice at or just above the neural foramen. The appearance of the defect had a horizontal plane(88.9%), an irregular surface(85.1%), a non sclerotic margin(88.9%), and a medial proturbance of the medial aspect of the bone just anterior to the defect(77.8%). Spondylolisthesis was associated in 20 of 27 cases(74%), which was demonstrated as an elongation of the anteroposterior diameter of the spinal canal and a pseudobulging disk at defect level in all cases. The degree of the anterior displacement was Grade I in fourteen(55.6%) and Grade II in five(18.7%). 2. Degenerative spondylolisthesis was found in 18 cases and most frequently occurred at L4-5 level(83.3%). The characteristic findings were a vertically-oriented joint plane(66.7%), a posterior displacement of the anterior facet with reference to the posterior facet(50%), bony spurs in the anterior facet(94.1%), a vacuum facet joint(55.6%), and an increased facet joint distance(50%). 3. Spinal stenosis and disk herniation were two most frequent associated abnormalities. They were found at a rate 44.4% and 14.8% in spondylolysis and at a rate 72.2% and 33.3% in degenerative spondylolisthesis. In cases of disk herniation, it frequently occurred just above the level of the defect(2/4) in spondylolysis, in contrast to degenerative spondylolisthesis in which it was most frequent at the same level(4/6). In conclusion, CT must be the highly accurate method for diagnosing and evaluating spondylolysis and all types of spondylolisthesis

  7. Non-sclerotic bone involvement in Erdheim-Chester: PET/CT and MRI findings in a 15-year-old boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Theresa V; Silvester, Nicholas C; Otero, Hansel J

    2016-08-01

    Erdheim-Chester disease is a rare form of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis with multi-organ infiltration that occurs mainly in adults. Pediatric cases are extremely rare. Here we report a case of multisystemic Erdheim-Chester disease in a 15-year-old boy with central nervous system involvement and skeletal findings. Positron emission tomography (PET) and MRI were used to demonstrate characteristic bilateral, symmetrical medullary involvement of the metadiaphyses of long bones in the absence of the classic sclerotic radiographic appearance. This illustrates the potential for earlier diagnosis and visualization of therapeutic response in children. PMID:27028532

  8. The bipartite tarsal navicular bone: radiographic and computed tomography findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shawdon, A. [Alphington Sports Medicine Clinic, Northcote, VIC (Australia); Kiss, Z.S. [Mercy Private Hospital, East Melbourne, VIC (Australia). Dept. of Radiology; Fuller, P. [Sports Medicine Centrs of Victoria, Ashwood. VIC (Australia)

    1995-05-01

    Two cases of bipartite tarsal navicular bone are presented. The radiographic and computed tomography (CT) findings of this anatomical variant are described. Correct recognition of this entity is important, both because it may be the cause of symptoms per se, and because it may be misdiagnosed as a fracture. When plain films are not diagnostic, CT scanning is helpful in distinguishing between a fracture and this variant. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  9. The bipartite tarsal navicular bone: radiographic and computed tomography findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two cases of bipartite tarsal navicular bone are presented. The radiographic and computed tomography (CT) findings of this anatomical variant are described. Correct recognition of this entity is important, both because it may be the cause of symptoms per se, and because it may be misdiagnosed as a fracture. When plain films are not diagnostic, CT scanning is helpful in distinguishing between a fracture and this variant. 6 refs., 4 figs

  10. High resolution CT of temporal bone trauma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Youn, Eun Kyung [Korea General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1986-10-15

    Radiographic studies of the temporal bone following head trauma are indicated when there is cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea or rhinorrhoea, hearing loss, or facial nerve paralysis. Plain radiography displays only 17-30% of temporal bone fractures and pluridirectional tomography is both difficult to perform, particularly in the acutely ill patient, and less satisfactory for the demonstration of fine fractures. Consequently, high resolution CT is the imaging method of choice for the investigation of suspected temporal bone trauma and allows special resolution of fine bony detail comparable to that attainable by conventional tomography. Eight cases of temporal bone trauma examined at Korea General Hospital April 1985 through May 1986. The results were as follows: Seven patients (87%) suffered longitudinal fractures. In 6 patients who had purely conductive hearing loss, CT revealed various ossicular chain abnormality. In one patient who had neuro sensory hearing loss, CT demonstrated intract ossicular with a fracture nearing lateral wall of the lateral semicircular canal. In one patient who had mixed hearing loss, CT showed complex fracture.

  11. CT findings in children with Meckel diverticulum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olson, Doug E.; Donnelly, Lane F. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Kim, Yong-Woo [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    2009-07-15

    Approximately 0.04% of the general population will present with a complication related to Meckel diverticulum. The classic teaching is that symptomatic children with Meckel diverticulum present with painless rectal bleeding and are evaluated with a radionuclide scan. Our subjective experience is that we see children with Meckel diverticulum who present with abdominal pain and are evaluated by CT. We reviewed the findings on CT in children with pathologically proven Meckel diverticulum to identify characteristic patterns of presentation. Databases were searched (2004-2008) for all children who had a pathologic diagnosis of Meckel diverticulum and a CT scan performed prior to surgery. Demographics, pathology, and CT features were reviewed. CT features reviewed included: soft-tissue stranding, abnormal calcifications, bowel obstruction, free air, free peritoneal fluid, cystic mass, intussusception, obvious lead point, location, and whether a normal appendix was identified. The frequency of Meckel diverticulum encountered on CT scans was compared to that found during the same period of time on technetium pertechnetate studies. The review identified 16 subjects (mean age 9.5 years, M:F 9:7). CT findings included: soft-tissue stranding in nine (56%), small-bowel obstruction (SBO) in nine (56%), intussusception in three (19%), free fluid in ten (63%), cystic mass in four (25%), calcification in none (0%), free air in one (6%), and no abnormalities in two (13%). A normal appendix was identified in only five children (31%). There were three basic patterns of presentation of abnormalities: SBO only in five, intussusception with SBO in three, or cystic mass with inflammatory stranding in four (one with SBO). Also, 2.3 times more Meckel diverticulum was encountered on CT than on technetium pertechnetate studies. Meckel diverticulum is currently more commonly encountered in children on CT performed for abdominal pain than on technetium pertechnetate studies. There are three

  12. CT findings in children with Meckel diverticulum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Approximately 0.04% of the general population will present with a complication related to Meckel diverticulum. The classic teaching is that symptomatic children with Meckel diverticulum present with painless rectal bleeding and are evaluated with a radionuclide scan. Our subjective experience is that we see children with Meckel diverticulum who present with abdominal pain and are evaluated by CT. We reviewed the findings on CT in children with pathologically proven Meckel diverticulum to identify characteristic patterns of presentation. Databases were searched (2004-2008) for all children who had a pathologic diagnosis of Meckel diverticulum and a CT scan performed prior to surgery. Demographics, pathology, and CT features were reviewed. CT features reviewed included: soft-tissue stranding, abnormal calcifications, bowel obstruction, free air, free peritoneal fluid, cystic mass, intussusception, obvious lead point, location, and whether a normal appendix was identified. The frequency of Meckel diverticulum encountered on CT scans was compared to that found during the same period of time on technetium pertechnetate studies. The review identified 16 subjects (mean age 9.5 years, M:F 9:7). CT findings included: soft-tissue stranding in nine (56%), small-bowel obstruction (SBO) in nine (56%), intussusception in three (19%), free fluid in ten (63%), cystic mass in four (25%), calcification in none (0%), free air in one (6%), and no abnormalities in two (13%). A normal appendix was identified in only five children (31%). There were three basic patterns of presentation of abnormalities: SBO only in five, intussusception with SBO in three, or cystic mass with inflammatory stranding in four (one with SBO). Also, 2.3 times more Meckel diverticulum was encountered on CT than on technetium pertechnetate studies. Meckel diverticulum is currently more commonly encountered in children on CT performed for abdominal pain than on technetium pertechnetate studies. There are three

  13. CT findings of early acute cerebral infarction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CT findings of the acute cerebral infarction are well known. However the CT findings of early stroke within 24 hours of the onset have not been sufficiently reported. The purpose of this study is to evaluate early acute cerebral infarction on CT within 24 hours after ictus. The early and accurate CT diagnosis could lead to the appropriate therapy and improved outcome of the patients. Authors retrospectively analyzed 16 patients with early acute cerebral infarction. Acute cerebral infarction was confirmed by follow-up CT in 11 patients, SPECT in 4 patients, and MRI in 1 patient. The CT findings of early acute cerebral infarction include effacement of cortical sulci or cistern (n = 16, 100%), hyperattenuation of MCA (n = 3), obscuration of lentiform nucleus (n = 6), loss of insular ribbon (n = 6) and subtle low density in hemisphere (n = 5). The most frequent finding was effacement of cortical sulci in our study, and it was thought to be the most important sign of early acute cerebral infarction

  14. CT findings of retroperitoneal masses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sung Moon; Huh, Jin Do; Kim, Ho Joon; Joh, Young Duk; Chun, Byung Hee [Kosin Medical College, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Woo, Seong Ku; Suh, Soo Jhi [School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    1987-10-15

    Retrospective analysis of forty one retroperitoneal masses was made with computed tomography. All cases were confirmed pathologically by operation or needle aspiration biopsy. The cases were; 14 abscesses, 2 leiomyosarcomas, 2 rhabdomyosarcomas, 2 liposarcomas, 1 undifferentiated sarcoma, 3 endodermal sinus tumors, 4 teratomas, 2 neurofibromas, 1 neurilemoma, 3 neuroblastomas, 4 malignant lymphomas, 2 malignant fibrous histiocytomas and 1 hemangiopericytoma. Tumors originated from urinary tract and pancreas were not included. Findings favor tumor rather than inflammation were; large lobulated soft tissue mass with eccentric or heterogeneous low density, thick cavity wall, disruption of fascial planes, regional lymphnode enlargement and distant metastasis.

  15. Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis: high-resolution CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirchner, J.; Stein, A.; Thalhammer, A.; Jacobi, V. [Mainz Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Allgemeine Roentgendiagnostik; Viel, K.; Dietrich, C.F. [Frankfurt Univ. (Germany). Medizinische Klinik II; Schneider, M. [Zentrum fuer Pathologie, Frankfurt Univ. (Germany)

    1999-02-01

    Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) of the lung is a very rare disease. There are obvious discrepancies in the literature concerning the appearance of LAM on CT scans of the lung. This study adds the imaging findings of 11 patients and demonstrates how the imaging findings changed over time in four patients. Twenty-two CT examinations, and radiographs that had been obtained close to the CT examinations, of 11 patients with LAM confirmed by open lung biopsy were retrospectively evaluated with particular attention to the size of cystic lesions and wall thickness. Furthermore the CT scans were analysed for the type of pulmonary infiltration process and its distribution, presence or absence of pleural effusion, pneumothorax and lymph node enlargement. Clinical and CT follow-up studies were available in four patients. The CT scans revealed an increase in the interstitial pattern in all patients. Architectural distortion was seen in two patients and cystic lesions were present in all. The size of the cysts varied from small lesions to bullous emphysema. The cystic lesions revealed a wall thickness up to 2 mm but a wall was not perceptible in all. Pneumothorax was seen in only two patients; pleural effusion was seen in two patients. CT examination of patients with LAM reveals neither a uniform nor a pathognomonic appearance. In the early stages of LAM or in cases with interstitial changes the differential diagnosis of centrilobular emphysema or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis seems to be more difficult than most authors believe. (orig.) (orig.) With 5 figs., 2 tabs., 21 refs.

  16. Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis: high-resolution CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) of the lung is a very rare disease. There are obvious discrepancies in the literature concerning the appearance of LAM on CT scans of the lung. This study adds the imaging findings of 11 patients and demonstrates how the imaging findings changed over time in four patients. Twenty-two CT examinations, and radiographs that had been obtained close to the CT examinations, of 11 patients with LAM confirmed by open lung biopsy were retrospectively evaluated with particular attention to the size of cystic lesions and wall thickness. Furthermore the CT scans were analysed for the type of pulmonary infiltration process and its distribution, presence or absence of pleural effusion, pneumothorax and lymph node enlargement. Clinical and CT follow-up studies were available in four patients. The CT scans revealed an increase in the interstitial pattern in all patients. Architectural distortion was seen in two patients and cystic lesions were present in all. The size of the cysts varied from small lesions to bullous emphysema. The cystic lesions revealed a wall thickness up to 2 mm but a wall was not perceptible in all. Pneumothorax was seen in only two patients; pleural effusion was seen in two patients. CT examination of patients with LAM reveals neither a uniform nor a pathognomonic appearance. In the early stages of LAM or in cases with interstitial changes the differential diagnosis of centrilobular emphysema or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis seems to be more difficult than most authors believe. (orig.) (orig.)

  17. Torsion of ovarian tumor : CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate characteristic CT features of twisted ovarian tumors and to assess the diagnostic value of the existence of twisted vascular pedicle in torsion of ovarian tumors. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and CT findings in eleven patients with ovarian tumor torsion confirmed by surgery. Pre- and post-contrast CT were available in nine patients and post-contrast CT in two. All twisted ovaries, tubes, and tumors showed hemorrhagic infarction and necrosis. All patients had twisted vascular pedicle of the ovarian tumor evaluated by CT. Eight patients with left ovarian tumor had twisted vascular pedicle on the left side of the tumor, and three patients with right ovarian tumor on the right side of the tumor. The morphologic characteristics of twisted vascular pedicle were coiled target appearance (4 cases), beak appearance (3 cases), doughnut appearance (3 cases), and mass with irregular margin (1 case). High density on precontrast CT scan was present in the pedicle in four cases and linear contrast enhancement was seen in the peripheral portion of the pedicle in four cases. The shape, density and location of ovarian tumors were inconsistent, however, contrast enhancement was not seen in all patients. Other findings were uterine deviation, loss of fat plane and pelvic fluid. Detection of twisted vascular pedicle by CT may be useful for the diagnosis of ovarian tumor torsion

  18. CT findings of the Hydatidiform mole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Kyung Sik; Yoo, Shi Joon; Chang, June Hong [Seoul District Armed Forces General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1984-09-15

    Even though ultrasonography is a primary tool for evaluation of gynecological pelvic mass, CT can be helpful when ultrasonography is suboptimal either because of abundant intestinal gas or marked obesity. Authors experienced 3 cases of hydatidiform mole demonstrated by CT. The findings of hydatidiform mole are enlargement of uterus, low density in the uterine cavity, irregular soft tissue mass with small multiple cyst, and strong contrast enhancement of the soft tissue mass within the uterine cavity. CT can be a useful diagnostic tool for differentiation of hydatidiform mole from choriocarcinoma because of good visualization of uterine wall and pelvic structures.

  19. Omental fibroma: CT and US findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US, CT, and X-ray findings in a patient with omental fibroma of the lesser omentum are described. Ultrasound showed a solid mass with cystic areas in the central region. At CT the lesion showed peripheral enhancement and central hypodensity. On X-ray studies with barium, there was border distortion in the lesser curvature of the stomach. The mass was resected surgically. A pathologic diagnosis of fibroma was confirmed. (orig.) (orig.)

  20. Pseudomembranous colitis: CT findings in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A spectrum of nodular haustral thickening and an 'accordion' pattern have been reported as specific features of pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) in adults. A retrospective review of nine patients with PMC was performed to assess whether this spectrum of CT findings also occurred in children. In four girls and five boys, CT scans were performed within 3 days of a positive stool toxin assay for Clostridium difficile. Documented CT abnormalities included nodular haustral thickening, the 'accordion' pattern, colonic wall thickening, ascites, and pericolonic edema. These results were then correlated as to their impact on the clinical outcome. Circumferential colon wall thickening was identified in 7/9 (78%) patients (mean thickening 14.5 mm). Nodular haustral thickening was identified in 4/9 (44%) and the 'accordion' pattern in 2/9 (22%). Other findings included pericolonic edema in 3/9 (33%) and ascites in 1/9 (11%). Wall thickening was confined to the left colon and rectum in 2/9 (22%), to the right colon in 2/9 (22%), and involved the whole colon in 3/9 (33%). Although CT findings associated with PMC in children may be suggestive for this diagnosis, CT is less specific than laboratory and clinical findings. (orig.)

  1. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: CT and MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandrasegaran, Kumaresan; Rydberg, Jonas; Akisik, Fatih M. [Indiana University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Rajesh, Arumugam [United Leicester Hospitals, Department of Radiology, Leicester (United Kingdom); Rushing, Daniel A. [Indiana University Medical Center, Department of Oncology, Indianapolis, Indiana (United States); Henley, John D. [Indiana University Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Indianapolis, Indiana (United States)

    2005-07-01

    The objective of this study was to report the CT and MRI appearances of primary and metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The clinical and imaging findings of 31 patients with histological and immunohistochemical diagnosis of GIST were reviewed. The CT and MRI findings were assessed independently for size, location, enhancement characteristics, and pattern of metastatic disease. The tumors were of enteric (n=13), gastric (n=12), duodenal (n=2), and rectal (n=3) origin. In one case the primary site was the mesentery, without involvement of bowel. Primary tumors were typically exophytic (79%), larger than 5 cm (84%), and inhomogeneously enhancing (84%). Central necrosis of all tumors (37%) and aneurysmal dilation of enteric tumors (33%) were less common. Metastases were most commonly to mesentery (26%) or liver (32%). Less common findings were ascites (7%) and omental caking (3%). Liver metastases were hypervascular in 92% of patients and rapidly became cystic following therapy with imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; Novartis, East Hanover, NJ, USA). Lung metastases, bowel obstruction, vascular invasion, and significant lymphadenopathy were not seen in any patient. GISTs have some specific CT findings which could help differentiate them from other gastrointestinal tumors. Liver metastases became cystic following therapy, mimicking simple cysts. MRI was better than single-phase CT for assessing liver metastases, while CT was more sensitive for mesenteric metastases. (orig.)

  2. Pseudomembranous colitis: CT findings in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blickman, J.G. [Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Boland, G.W.L. [Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Cleveland, R.H. [The Children`s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Bramson, R.T. [Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Lee, M.J. [Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)

    1995-11-01

    A spectrum of nodular haustral thickening and an `accordion` pattern have been reported as specific features of pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) in adults. A retrospective review of nine patients with PMC was performed to assess whether this spectrum of CT findings also occurred in children. In four girls and five boys, CT scans were performed within 3 days of a positive stool toxin assay for Clostridium difficile. Documented CT abnormalities included nodular haustral thickening, the `accordion` pattern, colonic wall thickening, ascites, and pericolonic edema. These results were then correlated as to their impact on the clinical outcome. Circumferential colon wall thickening was identified in 7/9 (78%) patients (mean thickening 14.5 mm). Nodular haustral thickening was identified in 4/9 (44%) and the `accordion` pattern in 2/9 (22%). Other findings included pericolonic edema in 3/9 (33%) and ascites in 1/9 (11%). Wall thickening was confined to the left colon and rectum in 2/9 (22%), to the right colon in 2/9 (22%), and involved the whole colon in 3/9 (33%). Although CT findings associated with PMC in children may be suggestive for this diagnosis, CT is less specific than laboratory and clinical findings. (orig.)

  3. MRI and CT findings of intracranial neurosyphilis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suh, Hong Kil; Shim, Ya Seong; Kim, Seon Bok; Kim, Uk Jung; Lee, Shin Ho; Jung, Hae Kyuong; Lee, Eil Seong; Kang, Ik Won [Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Hyeun Cha [Sungkyunkwan University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-02-01

    To evaluate the CT and MRI findings of neurosyphilis. We retrospectively reviewed the CT and MR imaging findings in five patients with intracranial neurosyphilis confirmed by CSF, VDRL, TPHA, and clinical follow-up. MR imaging was performed in all five cases, and CT in two. The MRI and CT findings of intracranial neurosyphilis included infarction (n=3), focal inflammation (n=1) and encephalopathy (n=1). There was a total of ten infaretions : three of the basal ganglia, two each of the frontal lobe, watershed zone, and cerebellum, and one of the occipital lobe. Intaretion was most common in MCA territory (n=9; 50%), followed by the watershed zone (16.6%), posterior cerebral artery territory (16.6%), and posterior inferior cerebellar artery territory (11.1%). The size of the lesion varied from 1cm to larger than one lobe. One patient showed diffuse high signal intensity in the left temporal lobe, but on follow-up MRI, this had resolved. The most common finding of neurosyphilis, as seen on MRI and CT, was infarction in middle cerebral arterial territory.

  4. MRI and CT findings of intracranial neurosyphilis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the CT and MRI findings of neurosyphilis. We retrospectively reviewed the CT and MR imaging findings in five patients with intracranial neurosyphilis confirmed by CSF, VDRL, TPHA, and clinical follow-up. MR imaging was performed in all five cases, and CT in two. The MRI and CT findings of intracranial neurosyphilis included infarction (n=3), focal inflammation (n=1) and encephalopathy (n=1). There was a total of ten infaretions : three of the basal ganglia, two each of the frontal lobe, watershed zone, and cerebellum, and one of the occipital lobe. Intaretion was most common in MCA territory (n=9; 50%), followed by the watershed zone (16.6%), posterior cerebral artery territory (16.6%), and posterior inferior cerebellar artery territory (11.1%). The size of the lesion varied from 1cm to larger than one lobe. One patient showed diffuse high signal intensity in the left temporal lobe, but on follow-up MRI, this had resolved. The most common finding of neurosyphilis, as seen on MRI and CT, was infarction in middle cerebral arterial territory

  5. Cholesteatoma of the temporal bone. MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Yoon Ok; Youn, Eun Kyung; Chung, Eun Chul; Lee, Young Uk; Kim, Dong Ju; Chin, Seung Byum; Keum, Joo Seob [Sungkyunkwan Univ. Colledge of Medicine. Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-07-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic capability of MR imaging for distinguishing cholesteatoma from other causes of inflammation. Materials and Methods : We prospectively evaluated the MR images of 17 patients with a fully opacified middle ear in whom CT of the temporal bone suggested cholesteatoma. All patients underwent middle ear surgery and cholesteatoma was verified in 15 cases, granulation tissue in 15,cholesterol granuloma in four and hemotympanium in one. For each lesion, MR and pathologic findings were correlated. Results : All cases of cholesteatoma showed low to intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted images. On T2-weighted images, 11 cases showed high signal intensity, while seven were less than CSF and four were the same. Four cases revealed central low signal intensity with peripheral rim of high signal intensity. On GdDTPA-enhanced images, peripheral or marginal enhancement due to surrounding granulation tissue was noted in 12 cases. Two appeared to be totally enhanced. One case of congenital cholesteatoma showed no enhancement. OnT2-weighted images, all cases of granulation tissue showed high signal intensity, and on neither T1- nor T2-weighted images could these be distinguished from cholesteatoma. On Gd DTPA-enhanced study, all cases of granulation tissue were enhanced, and on T1WI, all cases of cholesterol granuloma showed homogeneous bright signal intensity on T1WI. One case of cholesterol granuloma in the mastoid showed bright signal intensity mixed with irregular areas of dark signal intensity. A further comparison of MR imaging with CT is that two case of labyrinthitis and one of meningitis were diagnosed on Gd- enhanced T1-weighted images. Conclusion : To differentiate cholesteatoma from granulation tissue and cholesterol granuloma by the evaluation of their signal intensities and enhancement patterns, MR imaging is superior to CT. When there are cholesteatoma-associated complications such as labyrinthitis or

  6. CT findings of exophytic hepatocellular carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sang Jin; Cho, June Sik; Kim, Hyung Lyul; Lee, Chung Keun; Kim, Dae Hong; Rhee, Byung Chull [Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-11-15

    We retrospectively evaluated the characteristic computed tomographic(CT) findings in nine patients with exohepatic hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) pathologically prove by surgery(n=2) or percutaneous needle biopsy(n=7). The CT findings of exphepatic HCC were correlated with clinical findings and compared with those of usual HCC. Lesions were in the left lobe(n=7) and right lobe(n=2) of the liver. All lesions showed a well-marginated hypodense mass with capsular enhancement on enhanced CT scan. The patterns of capsular enhancement were complete in five and partial in four case. The portal vein thrombosis was seen only in one case. There was no difference between exohepatic HCC and usual HCC in clinical findings such as increased {alpha}-fetoprotein({alpha}-FP), positive hepatitis B surface antigen(HBsAg), and underlying liver cirrhosis. In conclusion, the CT findings of exohepatic HCC were a well-defined hyperdense mass with complete or partial capsular enhancement and these findings may be useful in differentiation from the tumors of adjacent organs.

  7. Juvenile Psammomatoid Ossifying Fibroma: Findings on Bone Scan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cárdenas-Perilla, Rodrigo; Santamaria, Consuelo; Muñoz-Acosta, Juan Manuel

    2016-09-01

    Juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma is a rare bone-forming tumor seen in craniofacial bones, which affects mainly young patients. We report scintigraphic and SPECT/CT findings of 2 patients diagnosed with this disease. One patient presented with suspicion of fibrous dysplasia and the other with suspected malignancy in the setting of a rapidly growing mass. Both cases highlight the importance of recognizing this type of tumor in young patients with abnormal uptake in paranasal bones and sinuses within the range of potential differential diagnoses including sarcomas, fibrous dysplasia, and odontogenic tumors. PMID:27405032

  8. CT and MR findings of Schizencephaly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Hyo Keun; Choo, In Wook; Bae, Sang Hoon [Hallym University College of Medicine, Choonchun (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Mun Gyu [Ulsan University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Han, Choon Whan; Kim, In One; Yeon, Kyuung Mo [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1990-04-15

    Retrospective analysis of the CT and MR findings with Clinical findings was performed in 12 patients with schizencephaly. Clinically, all patients showed a variable range of neurologic disability, which may be related to the amount of brain tissue involved. In CT and MR, 4 patients had type I and 7 patients had type II. One patient had mixed type (type I and type II). All clefts located in the pariental area (para sylvian region). Five patients had bilateral clefts and 7 patients had unilateral clefts.

  9. SPECT-CT bone scintigraphy in cancer patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction: SPECT-CT study allows the precise correlation between functional and morphological data on the same image. Methods: Whole body bone scan (WBBS) is a diagnostic modality still firmly established as a valuable tool to assess skeleton abnormalities. CT is an imaging method for characterizing destruction of the bone spongy lesions, their consolidation or calcium accumulation. This fact allows differentiation of the osteolytic metastases from the osteosclerotic and mixed lesions and also from degenerative ones. Whole body bone scan followed by SPECT-CT scanning increases the accuracy of the study and potentially accelerates the diagnosis of the patient based on a single imaging session. This is especially important in cancer patients. Results and discussion: After retrospectively review of WBBS and SPECT-CT fused images 141 bone lesions in 89 pts were analyzed The skeletal findings with previously uncertain character were classified as definitely benign, indeterminate or definitely malignant. 1. 47 (33%) of all lesions in 36 pts could be correlated with benign degenerative findings on SPECT-CT images. 5 (3%) lesions in 3 of these pts were indeterminate on the SPECT-CT images. They were localized in the area of articulation parts and corpus of the thoracic vertebra and ribs. After additional MRT examination and 6 months follow-up these changes were considered degenerative: osteopathy changes and presence of spondyloarthrosis and osteochondrosis; compression fractures due to advanced osteoporosis. These pts were with prolonged chormono/chemotherapy; chronic inflammatory disease of the coxofemoral articulation, coxarthrosis, aseptic necrosis of the femoral head and postoperative sacroiliitis; post-traumatic fractures or surgical intervention; hyperplastic degenerative lesions in the skeleton and asymmetrical pelvic bone structures due to M. Paget. 2. 41 (28,1%) single osseous metastatic spots (up to 3 foci) were scanned in 31 pts. 3. 13 (10

  10. Cochlear pathology: CT and MRI findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors present a retrospective analysis of 50 patients with perceptive hearing loss. The neuro physiological work-up (evoked potentials, audiometric tests and otoemissions) identified the cochlea as the site of origin of the hearing loss. The imaging studies (high resolution CT and MR, including 3D volumes) showed petrous bone trauma (n=5) infections (bacterial or viral origin) (n=12) otosclerosis (n=8), Paget disease (n=3), and labyrinthine neurinomas (n=2). The other 20 cases showed development-linked disorders (Mitchel's, Mondini, Scheibe, Alexander, and hypoplasia of the cochlear canal). Imaging with CT and MR can identify in detail the structural abnormality affecting the cochlea and occasionally the immediate peri-cochlear region (otic capsule); the affected portion of the cochlea may thus be determined. (author)

  11. Necrotizing fasciitis : plain radiographic and CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the plain radiographic and CT findings of the necrotizing fasciitis. We retrospectively reviewed the radiologic findings of 4 cases with necrotizing fasciitis. Three cases were proven pathologically. We evaluated pattern and extent of the gas shadows in plain films. CT findings were analysed, with emphasis on : (a) gas pattern, (b) extent, (c) location and involved site, (d) associated focal abscess, and (e) swelling of the adjacent muscles. On plain radiographs, four cases showed streaky or mottled gas densities in the pelvis, three cases in the perineum, one case in the abdomen, and two cases in the thigh. On CT images, gas pattern was mottled and streaky appearance with swelling of the adjacent muscles. Gas shadows located in the extraperitoneal space in four cases, fascial layer in four cases, and subcutaneous layer in four cases. There were gas shadows in pelvic wall, perineum, abdominal wall, buttock, thigh, and scrotum. Focal low density lesion suggestive of focal abscess was not visualized. Plain radiography is useful for early diagnosis of the necrotizing fasciitis and CT is very useful for detection of precise location and extent of the disease. CT is also useful for differentiation of necrotizing fasciitis from focal abscess and cellulitis

  12. Necrotizing fasciitis : plain radiographic and CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Chang Dae; Park, Jeong Hee; Jeon, Hae Jeong; Lim, Jong Nam; Heo, Tae Haeng; Park, Dong Rib [Konkuk Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-11-01

    To evaluate the plain radiographic and CT findings of the necrotizing fasciitis. We retrospectively reviewed the radiologic findings of 4 cases with necrotizing fasciitis. Three cases were proven pathologically. We evaluated pattern and extent of the gas shadows in plain films. CT findings were analysed, with emphasis on : (a) gas pattern, (b) extent, (c) location and involved site, (d) associated focal abscess, and (e) swelling of the adjacent muscles. On plain radiographs, four cases showed streaky or mottled gas densities in the pelvis, three cases in the perineum, one case in the abdomen, and two cases in the thigh. On CT images, gas pattern was mottled and streaky appearance with swelling of the adjacent muscles. Gas shadows located in the extraperitoneal space in four cases, fascial layer in four cases, and subcutaneous layer in four cases. There were gas shadows in pelvic wall, perineum, abdominal wall, buttock, thigh, and scrotum. Focal low density lesion suggestive of focal abscess was not visualized. Plain radiography is useful for early diagnosis of the necrotizing fasciitis and CT is very useful for detection of precise location and extent of the disease. CT is also useful for differentiation of necrotizing fasciitis from focal abscess and cellulitis.

  13. CT findings of parosteal lipoma with hyperostosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To determine the characteristics of parosteal lipomas with hyperostosis (osteochondromas or osseous protuberances) on CT images and to improve the knowledge of diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the disease. Methods: CT images and clinical history of 6 patients with pathologically confirmed parosteal lipomas with hyperostosis were retrospectively reviewed. All of the 6 patients underwent plain CT scans. Results: CT images clearly show lipomas and osseous projections or osteochondroma in the 6 cases. Parosteal lipomas were found with osteochondromas in 2 cases (1 at the ischium, and the other 1 at the femoral trochanter) and with osseous protuberances in 4 cases (2 at the diaphysis of femurs, 1 at the diaphysis of tibia and the other 1 at the sternum). These osteochondromas and osseous protuberances were surrounded by the adipose component of the neoplasm and had a firm attachment of the neoplasm to the underlying bone. The size of the osseous projections varied from 0.3 cm x 1.2 cm to 6.0 cm x 4.0 cm. The shape of the osseous projections was various. Osteochondromas found in 2 cases showed cortical continuity with the adjacent bone together with marrow continuity with the adjacent bone marrow. In the 4 cases of parosteal lipoma with osseous protuberances, 2 to 4 osseous protuberances were found in 2 cases and solitary osseous protuberance were found in the other 2 cases. The lipomatous component showed typical features of adipose tissue on all images. The size of the lipomas varied from 3.0 cm x 2.0 cm to 11.0 cm x 10.0 cm with clear border. Fibrous septa of different thickness were found within the adipose tissue. There was ossification and (or) calcification in 1 case and muscle atrophy in 2 cases. Conclusions: CT scan is useful in the presurgical evaluation of parosteal lipomas with osteochondromas or osseous protuberances because it can demonstrates the morphology, location and extent of the lesions, and it can show their relationship to the

  14. Abdominal Burkitt lymphoma in children : CT finding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the CT findings of Burkitt's lymphoma involving the abdomen in children We retrospectively analyzed the abdominal CT of ten children who presented with abdominal symptom. They were confirmed by operation in two cases and by fine needle aspiration biopsy in eight to be suffering from Burkitt's lymphoma. We also abdominal ultrasonography(USG)(n=10) and carried out small bowel follow-through examination(SBS)(n=5). Analyses focused on features of the abdominal mass : bowel wall thickening, ascites, lymphadenopathy, and the involvement of intra-abdominal solid organ. Abdominal CT at the time of presentation showed a huge conglomerated mass encasing segments of small bowel and also peripherally displacing bowel loops(n=9), bowel wall thickening(n=10), and ascites(n=10). In three of these cases, we were able to see tumor necrosis and cavity formation. Extensive infiltration into mesenteric fat and obliteration of tissue plane made it impossible to identify on CT the margin of the tumor and the presence of mesenteric lymphadenopathy. In four patients, sonography showed enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes(15-20mm), and in three, retroperitoneal lymph nodes(5mm, 10mm, 12mm in long dimension) were detected on CT and USG. Abdominal CT can reveal the characteristic imaging features of Burkitt's lymphoma in children. These are a huge conglomerate mass with or without cavity formation, that encases the small bowel and infiltrates the mesentery, ascites, and the relatively spared retroperitoneal lymph nodes

  15. Abdominal Burkitt lymphoma in children : CT finding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Jae Uoo; Kim, Woo Sun; Kim, In One; Yeon, Kyung Mo; Ahn, Hyo Seop; Shin, Hee Young [Seoul National Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Song, Chi Sung [Seoul City Boramae Hospital Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-10-01

    To evaluate the CT findings of Burkitt's lymphoma involving the abdomen in children We retrospectively analyzed the abdominal CT of ten children who presented with abdominal symptom. They were confirmed by operation in two cases and by fine needle aspiration biopsy in eight to be suffering from Burkitt's lymphoma. We also abdominal ultrasonography(USG)(n=10) and carried out small bowel follow-through examination(SBS)(n=5). Analyses focused on features of the abdominal mass : bowel wall thickening, ascites, lymphadenopathy, and the involvement of intra-abdominal solid organ. Abdominal CT at the time of presentation showed a huge conglomerated mass encasing segments of small bowel and also peripherally displacing bowel loops(n=9), bowel wall thickening(n=10), and ascites(n=10). In three of these cases, we were able to see tumor necrosis and cavity formation. Extensive infiltration into mesenteric fat and obliteration of tissue plane made it impossible to identify on CT the margin of the tumor and the presence of mesenteric lymphadenopathy. In four patients, sonography showed enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes(15-20mm), and in three, retroperitoneal lymph nodes(5mm, 10mm, 12mm in long dimension) were detected on CT and USG. Abdominal CT can reveal the characteristic imaging features of Burkitt's lymphoma in children. These are a huge conglomerate mass with or without cavity formation, that encases the small bowel and infiltrates the mesentery, ascites, and the relatively spared retroperitoneal lymph nodes.

  16. Localized Castleman's disease: CT and MRI findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the CT and MRI findings of localized Castleman's disease (LCD). Methods: The CT (n=7) and MRI (n=2) appearance of LCD (n=7) confirmed by pathology and operation were retrospectively analyzed. Results Hyaline-vascular type(n=6) and plasma cell type (n=1) were confirmed by pathology in LCD (n=7). They were located in middle mediastinum (n=2), hilum pulmonis (n=l), posterior mediastinum (n=3), retro-peritoneum (n=1). Hyaline-vascular type focuses in CT scanning were manifested as round shape soft tissue masses, with homogeneous density, integrity envelope, distinct margin, and chaperonage arborizing and spot calcification. Marked persistent enhancement was apparent on contrast CT. MRI findings of hyaline-vascular type (n=2) was slightly isointense or hyperintense on T1WI, homogeneous hyperintense on T2WI, similar enhancement with CT after contrast. Plasma cell type focus were unhomogeneous density with abnormity necrosis, media and unhomogeneous enhancement after contrast. Conclusion: Marked persistent enhancement of LCD would be helpful to diagnosis and differential diagnosis in Castleman's disease. (authors)

  17. Bouveret's syndrome: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tueney, D.; Cimsit, C. [Dept. of Radiology, Marmara University Hospital, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2000-11-01

    Intestinal obstruction secondary to gallstones is seen in the older population and the level of obstruction is usually at the level of the terminal ileum. Obstruction at the level of the gastric outlet is called Bouveret's syndrome. A case with perforated cholecystitis and duodenal obstruction due to a gallstone is presented. The CT findings are presented along with the clinical findings and literature review. (orig.)

  18. Isovaleric acidaemia: cranial CT and MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sogut, Ayhan; Acun, Ceyda; Tomsac, Nazan; Demirel, Fatma [Department of Paediatrics, Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey); Aydin, Kubilay [Department of Radiology, Istanbul Medical School, Istanbul University, Camlikyolu, B. mehmetpasa sokak yavuz apt. No:10/10, Etiler, Istanbul (Turkey); Aktuglu, Cigdem [Department of Paediatrics, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2004-02-01

    Isovaleric acidaemia is an inborn error of leucine metabolism due to deficiency of isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase, which results in accumulation of isovaleric acid in body fluids. There are acute and chronic-intermittent forms of the disease. We present the cranial CT and MRI findings of a 19-month-old girl with the chronic-intermittent form of isovaleric acidaemia. She presented with severe metabolic acidosis, hyperglycaemia, glycosuria, ketonuria and acute encephalopathy. Cranial CT revealed bilateral hypodensity of the globi pallidi. MRI showed signal changes in the globi pallidi and corticospinal tracts of the mesencephalon, which were hypointense on T1-weighted and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. (orig.)

  19. Adult polysplenia syndrome.CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a case of polysplenia in a 55-year-old patient that was diagnosed incidentally by CT. Chest X-ray disclosed a hooked prominence of the azygos vein over right hilum, left bronchial isomerism and the absence of the inferior vena cava in an X-ray of the right side. The abdominal CT findings included multiple spleens and stomach in upper right quadrant, centrally located liver and gallbladder, intestinal malrotation, interrupted inferior vena cava continued in the azygos system, and short pancreas. Echocardiography revealed mitral stenosis not associated with cardiac malformation. (Author)

  20. CT and MR findings in pulmonary infarction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fifteen patients suspected of having pulmonary embolism associated with pulmonary infarction were selected because of the presence of opacities on the chest radiograph and distal pulmonary artery obstruction on the angiogram and/or the presence of peripheral defect on the perfusion scan. CT was performed before and after contrast medium administration in six patients, and MR imaging (electrocardiographically gated spin-echo sequence) was performed in all 15. Various morphologic appearances were noted on CT as well as MR images: pleural-based opacities, peripheral nodules, and scattered areas of consolidation. Peripheral enhancement was noted on CT scans in few cases, while high signal intensity was always found on T1-weighted MR images. In equivocal clinical situations, MR imaging could be helpful in demonstrating these quite specific findings

  1. CT findings of melamine caused urinary calculi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To analyze the CT findings of melamine induced urinary calculi. Methods: Nineteen children with a history of ingestion of melamine contaminated infant formula milk were studied, including 12 males and 7 females, age ranged from 50 days to 5 years. Results: CT demonstrated renal pelvic and ureteral stones in 13 cases, with urinary obstruction in 9 of them. The size of the stones ranged from 0.3 cm x 0.3 cm to stag-horn calculus. Tine density of the stones measured from a low of 40-70 HU up to a high of 410 HU with an average density of 160 HU. Conclusion: CT scan is an excellent modality in demonstrating urinary tract calculi caused by melamine. It is the method of choice when ultrasound examinations are equivocal. (authors)

  2. CT and MRI findings in trigeminal neurinomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CT and MRI findings of trigeminal neurinomas were analyzed in 12 cases. Most of the cases were of the Dumbbell type, with the tumor occupying both the middle and posterior cranial fossae. A small number of cases were, however, of the Ganglion or Root type. Precontrast CT demonstrated iso- and/or low-density masses, while postcontrast CT showed a homogeneous, multicystic or ring-like enhancement. Cystic components were found frequently. Although the tumors were large in size, there was no peritumoral edema on CT. Metrizamide CT cisternography (MCTC) was helpful, particularly in detecting a small-sized neurinoma without any destruction of the petrous apex. In MRI, a tumor appeared as a decreased signal-intensity area on the T1-weighted image and as an increased signal-intensity area on the T2-weighted image. MRI is the best non-invasive technique for demonstrating a trigeminal neurinoma in Meckel's cave and the parasellar region without bony artifacts. (author)

  3. CT scan findings of fungal pneumonia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The importance of fungal infection of the lung in immunocompromised patients has increased substantially during the last decades. Numerically the most patients are those with neutropenia, e.g. patients with malignancies or solid organ and stem cell transplantation, chemotherapy, corticosteroid use and HIV infection. Although fungal infections can occur in immunocompetent patients, their frequency in this population is rare. The clinical symptoms such as fever accompanied with non-productive cough are unspecific. In some patients progression to hypoxemia and dyspnea may occur rapidly. In spite of improved antifungal therapy morbidity and mortality of these infections are still high. Therefore an early and non-invasive diagnosis is very important. That is why CT and even better High-Resolution-CT (HR-CT) is a very important modality in examining immunocompromised patients with a probability of fungal infection. CT is everywhere available and, as a non-invasive method, able to give the relevant diagnose efficiently. This paper should give an overview about the radiologic findings and possible differential diagnosis of diverse pulmonary fungal infections in CT. Pneumonias caused by Aspergillus, Cryptococcus, Candida, Histoplasma, Mucor and Geotrichum capitatum are illustrated. (orig.)

  4. Melanotic neuroectodermal tumour of infancy: CT and MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haque, Saira; Sebire, Neil; McHugh, Kieran [Great Ormond Street Hospital, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); McCarville, Mary Beth [St. Jude Children' s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States)

    2012-06-15

    Melanotic neuroectodermal tumour of infancy (MNTI) is a rare neoplasm of neural crest origin. To describe three further cases of MNTI, with emphasis on CT and MRI findings. Data for children with histologically confirmed MNTI following biopsy or surgery were retrieved. Three children with available imaging at the time of diagnosis were included in the study. All three children had primary tumour in the head and neck region: one in the maxilla, one in the occipital bone (extra-axial but with intracranial extension) and one with an unusual tumour growing exophytically from the subcutaneous tissues adjacent to the occipital bone. All tumours were iso/hypointense both on T1- and T2-weighted MRI, and showed marked contrast enhancement in their non-ossified components. CT allowed identification of bone destruction and remodelling. Our findings are consistent with previously reported cases of MNTI regarding age at presentation and location in the head and neck region. Our MR findings did not demonstrate the typical pattern of T1-shortening expected from melanin deposition. (orig.)

  5. CT findings of nonlymphomatous renal metastases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Soo Ah; Kim, Kie Hwan; Lee, Byung Hee; Chin, Soo Yil [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-03-15

    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and CT manifestations of 12 patients with nonlymphomatous renal metastases from eight different sites. Primary sites were lung (2), liver (2), stomach (2), uterine cervix (2), pancreas (1), rectum (1), penis (1), and unknown primary site (1). In all patients, clinical symptoms and laboratory findings were nonspecific. Major CT findings of renal metastases were multiple, small, hypodense lesions concomitant with multiple organ involvement. Although there are few differential points between renal cell carcinoma and metastasis, the single most important differential point was the presence of mass lesion on location other than kidney and in such case, the lesion on kidney proved to be metastasis usually. In cases with remission of primary malignancy, biopsy of new renal lesion seemed to be indispensable.

  6. Doctors Should Bone Up on CT Scan Cancer Risks

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... fullstory_159909.html Doctors Should Bone Up on CT Scan Cancer Risks Many not aware of exact radiation ... July 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors routinely order CT scans as diagnostic tools. But many are ill-informed ...

  7. Ultrasonographic and CT findings of hepatosplenic tuberculosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the ultrasonographic and CT findings of hepatosplenic tuberculosis Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the ultrasonographic and CT findings of confirmed hepatosplenic tuberculosis in 12 patients. Six were men and six were women ; their average age was 41, and most were in their twenties. Lesions of the liver and spleen, as well as associated findings such as abdominal tuberculosis and other organ involvement of tuberculosis were analyzed. Results : There were three cases of hepatic tuberculosis, seven of splenic tuberculosis, and two of hepatosplenic involvement of tuberculosis. On the basis of the ultrasonographic and CT findings, hepatosplenic tuberculosis was classified as one of two patterns : miliary or micronodular, ormacronodular. The micronodular type was more common (9/12 cases) being characterized by innumerable micronodules,and with easy coalescence in the liver and spleen in five of the nine cases. The macronodular type of low density mass was noted in the other three patients. Splenomegaly was noted in 12 cases and hepatomegaly in ten. Pulmonary tuberculosis-including the miliary type(n=5)-was noted in eight patients. Associated abdominal tuberculosis such as lymphadenopathy with central low density and peripheral rim enhancement (n=6), tuberculous peritonitis(n=3),highly attenuated ascites(n=6), adrenal tuberculosis(n=1), renal tuberculosis(n=1), ovarian abscess(n=1), psoasabscess(n=1), and systemic tuberculosis such as central nervous system tuberculoma(n=2), cervical lymphadenopathy(n=4) and tuberculous spondylitis(n=1) were noted. Conclusion : Ultrasonography and CT were valuable in the detection and diagnosis of hepatosplenic tuberculosis

  8. CT findings in primary pulmonary lymphomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose. To describe the CT findings of pathologically confirmed primary pulmonary lymphomas. Materials and methods. The CT examinations of 11 patients with pathologically proven primary pulmonary lymphoma (9 BALT lymphomas and 2 non-BALT lymphomas) were retrospectively reviewed by three radiologists. Evaluated findings included morphology (consolidation, mass, nodule), number and distribution of lesions. Other CT findings such as air bronchogram, lymphadenopathy atelectasis and pleural effusion were also assessed. Results. Pulmonary lesions were depicted as air-space consolidation (pneumonia-like) in 5 patients (45%), tumour-like rounded opacity in 4 (36%), and nodules in 4 (36%). Multiple and bilateral long lesions were seen in 3 patients (27%). Air bronchogram was present in 7 patients (63%), lymphadenopathy in 3 (27%), atelectasis in 4 (36%) and pleural effusion in only 1 (9%). Conclusions. Our results agree with previous studies regarding lesion patterns and their relative frequency. A smaller number of nodules and of multiple lesions were found compared with some previous studies. The most frequent pattern was airspace consolidation

  9. CT findings in Menkes' kinky hair disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Menkes' kinky hair disease is a disorder of copper metabolism with clinical features of motor and mental retardation, convulsive seizures and characteristic hair deformities. We followed CT findings in a case of kinky hair disease. The male infant weighting 3,240 g at birth after 37 weeks' gestation, developed convulsions at 3 months of age, suffered from pneumonia at 8 months and was admitted to our hospital because of frequent convulsions. On admission, he had rough, short, brown and curly hair. Serum copper and serum ceruloplasmin levels were low, and there was no response to oral loading of copper sulfate. CT scan revealed enlargement of ventricles, atrophy of cerebral hemispheres and spinal cord at 4 months, and subdural high density effusion at 9 months. A remarkable subdural hematoma that shows higher density than that of the effusions on CT scan appeared at 10 month, which was removed surgically. Xanthochromic effusion and subdural hematoma with septum were found during the opreation. It was concluded that these changes of CT scans were caused by reccurent minimal hemorrhage, and these hemorrhage was caused by rupture of bridging vein due to fragility of the veins and progressive brain atrophy. (author)

  10. CT assessment of the correlation between clinical examination and bone involvement in oral malignant tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albuquerque, Marco Antonio Portela; Oliveira, Ilka Regina Souza; Cavalcanti, Marcelo Gusmao Paraiso [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Odontologia. Dept. de Radiologia], e-mail: mgpcaval@usp.br; Kuruoshi, Marcia Etsuko [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Hospital Universitario. Dept. de Radiologia

    2009-07-01

    Oral cancers have a tendency to invade the surrounding bone structures, and this has a direct influence on the treatment management and on outcomes. The objective of this study was to correlate the clinical parameters (location, clinical presentation and TNM staging) of oral malignant tumors that can be associated with a potential of bone invasion and determine the accuracy of clinical examination to predict bone involvement, using computed tomography (CT). Twenty five patients, with oral malignant tumors were submitted to clinical and CT examinations. CT was considered the standard parameter to evaluate the presence of bone involvement. Clinical assessment of location, presentation form and TNM staging of the tumors were then compared to the CT findings in predicting bone involvement. Bone involvement was observed in 68% of the cases. It was predicted that tumors located in the retromolar trigone and hard palate, with a clinical aspect of infiltrative ulcer or nodule and classified in stage IV had a high potential to cause bone involvement. The clinical examination assessment of these tumors showed to be a valuable tool to predict bone invasion, with high sensitivity (82%) and specificity (87.5%), based on the results found in the CT images. No statistical significance was found between the CT and clinical examinations regarding bone involvement. The identification of some clinical parameters such as location, clinical presentation, and TNM stage, associated with a detailed clinical examination, was considered a valuable tool for the assessment of bone destruction by oral malignant tumors. (author)

  11. Positron CT findings of chronic schizophrenics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Positron CT images of 15 chronic schizophrenics (2 females and 13 males) were examined in contrast to 5 male controls. Average age of controls was 36 years and that of schizophrenics was 42 years. Schizophrenic cases were ill over 6 years, averaging 17 years. All were under antipsychotic drug therapy. Tracer compounds were 11 C-CO2 and 11 C-glucose photosynthesised, the former being inhalated once just before and the latter being administered orally 10-15 minutes before examinations. On positron CT images of all normal controls, hyper-radioactivities in frontal regions were observed. Some asymmetries of activities were observed but not remarkable. There wes no difference between the images with 11 C-CO2 and those with 11 C-glucose. In schizophrenic cases, (1) 7 out of 15 cases showed hypo-activities in the frontal regions both with 11 C-CO2 and 11 C-glucose. (2) With 11 C-glucose, relative activities in the brain were lower than those in the soft tissues around the scalp, suggesting the lowered selective uptake of 11 C-glucose by the brain. (3) With 11 C-CO 2, 4 cases showed higher activities in the right temporal regions and their subcortex than the left. By consideration of relationships between these positron CT findings and clinical data such as present age, age of onset of illness, duration of illness, psychiatric symptoms, present drug amount, summed drug amount from administration, EEG and X-ray CT findings, significant correlation was recognized only between low frontal radioactivities and apathy-abulia as main symptom. Limitation on the explanation of the findings with the image alone was discussed. (author)

  12. Positron CT findings of chronic schizophrenics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toyoda, Junzo; Miyazaki, Chihiro; Sugai, Yuichi (National Musashi Research Institute for Mental and Nervous Disease, Kodaira, Tokyo (Japan)); Iio, Masaaki

    1983-12-01

    Positron CT images of 15 chronic schizophrenics (2 females and 13 males) were examined in contrast to 5 male controls. Average age of controls was 36 years and that of schizophrenics was 42 years. Schizophrenic cases were ill over 6 years, averaging 17 years. All were under antipsychotic drug therapy. Tracer compounds were /sup 11/C-CO/sub 2/ and /sup 11/C-glucose photosynthesised, the former being inhaled once just before and the latter being administered orally 10-15 minutes before examinations. On positron CT images of all normal controls, hyper-radioactivities in frontal regions were observed. Some asymmetries of activities were observed but not remarkable. There was no difference between the images with /sup 11/C-CO/sub 2/ and those with /sup 11/C-glucose. In schizophrenic cases, (1) 7 out of 15 cases showed hypo-activities in the frontal regions both with /sup 11/C-CO/sub 2/ and /sup 11/C-glucose. (2) With /sup 11/C-glucose, relative activities in the brain were lower than those in the soft tissues around the scalp, suggesting the lowered selective uptake of /sup 11/C-glucose by the brain. (3) With /sup 11/C-CO/sub 2/, 4 cases showed higher activities in the right temporal regions and their subcortex than the left. By consideration of relationships between these positron CT findings and clinical data such as present age, age of onset of illness, duration of illness, psychiatric symptoms, present drug amount, summed drug amount from administration, EEG and X-ray CT findings, significant correlation was recognized only between low frontal radioactivities and apathy-abulia as main symptom. Limitation on the explanation of the findings with the image alone was discussed.

  13. Ruptured corpus luteal cyst: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Hyuck Jae; Kim, Seung Hyup; Kim, Sun Ho; Kim, Hyo Cheol; Park, Chang Min; Lee, Hak Jong; Moon, Min Hoan; Jeong, Jun Yong [Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-03-01

    To evaluate the CT findings of ruptured corpus luteal cysts. Six patients with a surgically proven ruptured corpus luteal cyst were included in this series. The prospective CT findings were retrospectively analyzed in terms of the size and shape of the cyst, the thickness and enhancement pattern of its wall, the attenuation of its contents, and peritoneal fluid. The mean diameter of the cysts was 2.8 (range, 1.5-4.8) cm; three were round and three were oval. The mean thickness of the cyst wall was 4.7 (range, 1-10) mm; in all six cases it showed strong enhancement, and in three was discontinuous. In five of six cases, the cystic contents showed high attenuation. Peritoneal fluid was present in all cases, and its attenuation was higher, especially around the uterus and adnexa, than that of urine present in the bladder. In a woman in whom CT reveals the presence of an ovarian cyst with an enhancing rim and highly attenuated contents, as well as highly attenuated peritoneal fluid, a ruptured corpus luteal cyst should be suspected. Other possible evidence of this is focal interruption of the cyst wall and the presence of peritoneal fluid around the adnexa.

  14. Choroid plexus cysts. MR and CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The MRI and CT characteristics of choroid plexus cysts in the lateral ventricles were investigated. Of eight patients with choroid plexus cysts, six had bilateral and multiple cysts that were small in size, and two patients had unilateral solitary cysts. Choroid plexus cysts were well visualized on T2-WI and proton density-WI with higher signal intensity than the CSF in the lateral ventricles. The walls of cysts were well enhanced with Gd-DTPA. MRI has a distinct advantage over conventional CT for visualization of choroid plexus cysts that are small in size, which may be multiple and bilateral. With the widespread use of MRI, asymptomatic choroid plexus cysts may become common incidental findings. (author)

  15. CT findings of metastatic ovarian tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings of 18 metastatic ovarian tumors were reviewed. 9 cases had all bilateral ovarian tumors. Primary lesions were 7 gastric cancers, 1 pancreas cancer, and 1 sigmoid colon cancer. 2 lesions could not be detected by CT because of too wide scan interval and poor preparation. 10 lesions were solid masses containing small low density areas. 4 lesions were complex masses with ill-defined multilocular low density areas. These low density areas were due to follicle cysts, small necrotic areas and accumulated mucin. They were able to be differentiated from primary ovarian cancers by proportion of solid component and ill-defined multilocular cystic areas. 2 lesions from sigmoid colon cancer were well-defined multilocular cystic masses and they could not be differentiated from primary ovarian cancer. (author)

  16. Peritoneal mesothelioma: CT and MRI findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two patients with histologically proven diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma are presented. Both patients had CT scans of the abdomen. The second patient was also examined with MRI. Although imaging findings are striking, they are non-specific and diagnosing peritoneal mesothelioma in the absence of pleural calcification or pleural plaque on chest radiograph or CT is difficult. However, it is possible to suggest the correct diagnosis in a patient with the presence of non-calcified omental and peritoneal infiltration or masses without liver secondaries or lymphadenopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging with its multi-planar capabilities is a highly sensitive non-invasive modality in the evaluation of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma and can demonstrate the exact site and clarify whether the mass is arising from the peritoneal surface or within a visceral organ. Copyright (2002) Blackwell Science Pty Ltd

  17. Indeterminate lesions on planar bone scintigraphy in lung cancer patients: SPECT, CT or SPECT-CT?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Punit; Kumar, Rakesh; Singh, Harmandeep; Bal, Chandrasekhar; Malhotra, Arun [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Nuclear Medicine, New Delhi (India); Julka, Pramod Kumar [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Radiation Oncology, New Delhi (India); Thulkar, Sanjay [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Radiodiagnosis, New Delhi (India)

    2012-07-15

    The objective of the present study was to compare the role of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), computed tomography (CT) and SPECT-CT of selected volume in lung cancer patients with indeterminate lesions on planar bone scintigraphy (BS). The data of 50 lung cancer patients (53 {+-} 10.3 years; range 30-75; male/female 38/12) with 65 indeterminate lesions on planar BS (January 2010 to November 2010) were retrospectively evaluated. All of them underwent SPECT-CT of a selected volume. SPECT, CT and SPECT-CT images were independently evaluated by two experienced readers (experience in musculoskeletal imaging, including CT: 5 and 7 years) in separate sessions. A scoring scale of 1 to 5 was used, in which 1 is definitely metastatic, 2 is probably metastatic, 3 is indeterminate, 4 is probably benign and 5 is definitely benign. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for each modality, taking a score {<=}2 as metastatic. With receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, areas under the curve (AUC) were calculated for each modality and compared. Clinical and imaging follow-up and/or histopathology were taken as reference standard. For both readers SPECT was inferior to CT (P = 0.004, P = 0.022) and SPECT-CT (P = 0.003, P = 0.037). However, no significant difference was found between CT and SPECT-CT for reader 1 (P = 0.847) and reader 2 (P = 0.592). The findings were similar for lytic as well as sclerotic lesions. Moderate inter-observer agreement was seen for SPECT images ({kappa} = 0.426), while almost perfect agreement was seen for CT ({kappa} = 0.834) and SPECT-CT ({kappa} = 0.971). CT alone and SPECT-CT are better than SPECT for accurate characterisation of indeterminate lesions on planar BS in lung cancer patients. CT alone is not inferior to SPECT-CT for this purpose and might be preferred because of shorter acquisition time and wider availability. (orig.)

  18. Indeterminate lesions on planar bone scintigraphy in lung cancer patients: SPECT, CT or SPECT-CT?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the present study was to compare the role of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), computed tomography (CT) and SPECT-CT of selected volume in lung cancer patients with indeterminate lesions on planar bone scintigraphy (BS). The data of 50 lung cancer patients (53 ± 10.3 years; range 30-75; male/female 38/12) with 65 indeterminate lesions on planar BS (January 2010 to November 2010) were retrospectively evaluated. All of them underwent SPECT-CT of a selected volume. SPECT, CT and SPECT-CT images were independently evaluated by two experienced readers (experience in musculoskeletal imaging, including CT: 5 and 7 years) in separate sessions. A scoring scale of 1 to 5 was used, in which 1 is definitely metastatic, 2 is probably metastatic, 3 is indeterminate, 4 is probably benign and 5 is definitely benign. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for each modality, taking a score ≤2 as metastatic. With receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, areas under the curve (AUC) were calculated for each modality and compared. Clinical and imaging follow-up and/or histopathology were taken as reference standard. For both readers SPECT was inferior to CT (P = 0.004, P = 0.022) and SPECT-CT (P = 0.003, P = 0.037). However, no significant difference was found between CT and SPECT-CT for reader 1 (P = 0.847) and reader 2 (P = 0.592). The findings were similar for lytic as well as sclerotic lesions. Moderate inter-observer agreement was seen for SPECT images (κ = 0.426), while almost perfect agreement was seen for CT (κ = 0.834) and SPECT-CT (κ = 0.971). CT alone and SPECT-CT are better than SPECT for accurate characterisation of indeterminate lesions on planar BS in lung cancer patients. CT alone is not inferior to SPECT-CT for this purpose and might be preferred because of shorter acquisition time and wider availability. (orig.)

  19. Bone Scintigraphic Findings in Leukemic Patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The leukemias represent diffuse lesions of the bone marrow and significant bony abnormalities are associated with the more aggressive varieties of leukemias and with the younger age groups. On plain film, several roentgenographic findings are observed such as diffuse osteopenia, radiolucent metaphyseal bands, osteolytic lesions and periostitis. We evaluated bone scintigraphic findings using 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP) in ten patients with proven leukemia. The scan is abnormal in 90%. We classified abnormal scintigraphic findings to 3 types and these are increased diffuse juxta-articular uptake, focal increase of uptake and combined type. The common sites of focal uptake were femur, humerus, tibia, spine, ribs, calvarium, scapula and mandible. We concluded that 99mTc-MDP bone scintigraphy is sensitive imaging modality in leukemic patients with bone pain.

  20. Bone Scintigraphic Findings in Leukemic Patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Hyo Sun; Park, Jeong Mi; Shon, Hyeong Seon; Chang, Soo Kyo; Kim, Choon Yul; Bahk, Yong Hee; Shinn, Kyung Sub [Catholic University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1992-03-15

    The leukemias represent diffuse lesions of the bone marrow and significant bony abnormalities are associated with the more aggressive varieties of leukemias and with the younger age groups. On plain film, several roentgenographic findings are observed such as diffuse osteopenia, radiolucent metaphyseal bands, osteolytic lesions and periostitis. We evaluated bone scintigraphic findings using {sup 99m}Tc-methylene diphosphonate ({sup 99m}Tc-MDP) in ten patients with proven leukemia. The scan is abnormal in 90%. We classified abnormal scintigraphic findings to 3 types and these are increased diffuse juxta-articular uptake, focal increase of uptake and combined type. The common sites of focal uptake were femur, humerus, tibia, spine, ribs, calvarium, scapula and mandible. We concluded that {sup 99m}Tc-MDP bone scintigraphy is sensitive imaging modality in leukemic patients with bone pain.

  1. The growth pattern of normal cranial bone by CT scans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since CT scanning was originally introduced in 1969 by Hounsfield, it has become globally available, cost-efficient and more sophisticated for clinical applications, and primarily for identifying intracranial disorders. In this study, morphological analyses of skull growth were performed using CT scanner system, with emphasis on cranial bone of normal Japanese examinees spanning a wide age-range. Normal Japanese volunteers (50 males and 50 females, ages 1 to 96 years, without craniofacial disorders or malformations) were randomly selected and underwent CT scanning of the skull. Transmission CT scanning system (HITACHI W-500) was used with a window level of +300 and window range of 800, to visualize hard tissue. Three levels of axial CT slices; orbito-meatal plane, 3rd ventricle, splenium of corporis callosi were obtained and following items were analysed; absorptivity of calvarial outer table, diploe, inner table, ratio of absorptivity of outer table/inner table, ratio of thickness of outer table/inner table, thickness of the calvarium (frontal, temporal, occipital), and cephalic indexes of three levels. From the aforementioned data analyses, the following findings were notable. Below 10 years of age, absorptivity of diploes is higher than outer and inner tables, and is associated with the most rapid expansion of the cranium. The absorptivity of calvarial bones and thickness of inner tables increase with age until the 3rd decade and then gradually decrease. The thickness of frontal and occipital bones increase with age and peak during the 4th decade while three cephalic indexes at three levels change with age and became more dolicocephalic. (author)

  2. US and CT findings of hydranencephaly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jae Pyung; Cha, Kyung Soo; Ryu, Kyung Nam; Lee, Soo Hyun [Sung Ae General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Kwang Woo [Kwang Myung General Hospital, Kwangmyung (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Kyung Sik [Ulsan University College of Medicine, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    1989-08-15

    Hydranencephaly is congenital disorder involving total or near-total absence of cerebrum, but with intact meninges and cranial vault. CT offered a unique diagnostic tool for the evaluation of these infants, but diagnosis as well as precise localization of anomaly can be provided. We analysed US and CT findings of 5 patients, with hydranencephaly who examined at Sung Ae General Hospital during last 3 years. The result were as follows; 1. 3 patients were diagnosed with aged in 11 days to 40 days, 2 patients were diagnosed in prenatal US examination with intrauterine pregnancy 40 weeks and 28 weeks. The male to female ratio was 3:1 (unknown sex in one case with intrauterine pregnancy 28 weeks) 2. Cranial vault and brain stem were intact in 5 cases. 3. Cerebellum was absent in 1 case and intact in 4 cases. 4. Falx cerebri was intact in 2 cases, partial defect in 1 case and absent in 2 cases. 5. Remnant cerebral hemisphere were as follows; partial and unilateral parietal lobe in 3 cases, both parietal lobes in 1 case, parietal and unilateral occipital lobes in 1 case, thalamus and basal ganglia in 1 case. 6. All cavities were seen in echofree cystic nature in US and low densities in CT. 7. 4th ventricle was seen in 4 cases, 3rd ventricle in 2 cases and lateral ventricles communicating with echofree cystic areas. 8. Polyhydramnios and macrocephaly were seen in 2 cases in prenatal US examination.

  3. US and CT findings of hydranencephaly

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydranencephaly is congenital disorder involving total or near-total absence of cerebrum, but with intact meninges and cranial vault. CT offered a unique diagnostic tool for the evaluation of these infants, but diagnosis as well as precise localization of anomaly can be provided. We analysed US and CT findings of 5 patients, with hydranencephaly who examined at Sung Ae General Hospital during last 3 years. The result were as follows; 1. 3 patients were diagnosed with aged in 11 days to 40 days, 2 patients were diagnosed in prenatal US examination with intrauterine pregnancy 40 weeks and 28 weeks. The male to female ratio was 3:1 (unknown sex in one case with intrauterine pregnancy 28 weeks) 2. Cranial vault and brain stem were intact in 5 cases. 3. Cerebellum was absent in 1 case and intact in 4 cases. 4. Falx cerebri was intact in 2 cases, partial defect in 1 case and absent in 2 cases. 5. Remnant cerebral hemisphere were as follows; partial and unilateral parietal lobe in 3 cases, both parietal lobes in 1 case, parietal and unilateral occipital lobes in 1 case, thalamus and basal ganglia in 1 case. 6. All cavities were seen in echofree cystic nature in US and low densities in CT. 7. 4th ventricle was seen in 4 cases, 3rd ventricle in 2 cases and lateral ventricles communicating with echofree cystic areas. 8. Polyhydramnios and macrocephaly were seen in 2 cases in prenatal US examination

  4. Indeterminate lesions on planar bone scintigraphy in lung cancer patients: SPECT, CT or SPECT-CT?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the present study was to compare the role of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), computed tomography (CT) and SPECT-CT of selected volume in lung cancer patients with indeterminate lesions on planar bone scintigraphy (BS)

  5. CT and MR findings of intracranial ganglioglioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical, CT and MRI findings of intracranial ganglioglioma. All patient were between 9 and 30 years old, and were men. Four patients with pathologically proved gangliogliomas were included in this study. CT and MR images were assessed retrospectively for location, type, density, signal intensity and contrast enhancement pattern of tumors. All patients suffered from epileptic seizure of long history. The tumors were located in temporal lobe (3 cases) and frontal lobe (1 case). The type of tumor were solid (2 cases) and cystic (2 cases). On the CT scan, the cystic lesions were hypodense and the solid lesions were isodense to normal brain parenchyme. Calcification within lesion was noted in 3 cases. On the MR imaging, cystic lesions reveal high signal intensity on T2-weighted image(T2WI) and low signal intensity on T1-weighted image(T1WI). One of the solid lesions showed iso-signal intensity on T1WI and high signal intensity on T2WI. Another revealed high signal intensity on both T1WI and T2WI. The signal intensity of the calcifications (3 cases) was variable. Two cases showed signal void, one case revealed high signal intensity on T1WI and low signal intensity on T2WI. In three patients, the lesions enhanced after intravenous administration of Gd-DTPA. Ganglioglioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis when the children or young male with epilepsy have a cystic mass with calcification or ill-defined solid mass, especially in temporal lobe on CT or MRI

  6. Histopathologically verified cerebral CT findings in AIDS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computer tomographic and histopathological findings in 55 patients who died of the complications of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, were reviewed retrospectively. In 23 patients (42%) an increased space of the internal or external cerebral spinal fluid was diagnosed. 20 patients (36%) had focal lesions. We differentiated between single, multiple and ring-shaped lesions with contrast enhancement and hypodense lesions. In 12 cases (22%) no CT abnormalities were found. Focal lesions proved to be secondary to toxoplasmosis in 85%. Single lesions were never caused by toxoplasmosis. (orig.)

  7. Eosinophilic Otitis Media: CT and MRI Findings and Literature Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Won Jung; Lee, Jeong Hyun; Lim, Hyun Kyung; Yoon, Tae Hyun; Cho, Kyung Ja; Baek, Jung Hwan [Asan Medical Center, Ulsan University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-06-15

    Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is a relatively rare, intractable, middle ear disease with extremely viscous mucoid effusion containing eosinophils. EOM is associated with adult bronchial asthma and nasal allergies. Conventional treatments for otitis media with effusion (OME) or for chronic otitis media (COM), like tympanoplasty or mastoidectomy, when performed for the treatment of EOM, can induce severe complications such as deafness. Therefore, it should be differentiated from the usual type of OME or COM. To our knowledge, the clinical and imaging findings of EOM of temporal bone are not well-known to radiologists. We report here the CT and MRI findings of two EOM cases and review the clinical and histopathologic findings of this recently described disease entity.

  8. Pulmonary bone cement embolism: CT angiographic evaluation with material decomposition using gemstone spectral imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huh, Sun; Lee, Heon

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of pulmonary bone cement embolism in a female who presented with dyspnea following multiple sessions of vertebroplasty. She underwent spectral CT pulmonary angiography and the diagnosis was made based on enhanced visualization of radiopaque cement material in the pulmonary arteries and a corresponding decrease in the parenchymal iodine content. Here, we describe the CT angiography findings of bone cement embolism with special emphasis on the potential benefits of spectral imaging, providing additional information on the material composition. PMID:25053903

  9. Pulmonary bone cement embolism: CT angiographic evaluation with material decomposition using gemstone special imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huh, Sun; Lee, Heon [Dept. of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University Hospital Bucheon, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-08-15

    We report a case of pulmonary bone cement embolism in a female who presented with dyspnea following multiple sessions of vertebroplasty. She underwent spectral CT pulmonary angiography and the diagnosis was made based on enhanced visualization of radiopaque cement material in the pulmonary arteries and a corresponding decrease in the parenchymal iodine content. Here, we describe the CT angiography findings of bone cement embolism with special emphasis on the potential benefits of spectral imaging, providing additional information on the material composition.

  10. Pulmonary bone cement embolism: CT angiographic evaluation with material decomposition using gemstone special imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of pulmonary bone cement embolism in a female who presented with dyspnea following multiple sessions of vertebroplasty. She underwent spectral CT pulmonary angiography and the diagnosis was made based on enhanced visualization of radiopaque cement material in the pulmonary arteries and a corresponding decrease in the parenchymal iodine content. Here, we describe the CT angiography findings of bone cement embolism with special emphasis on the potential benefits of spectral imaging, providing additional information on the material composition.

  11. Evaluation of K-wire fixation for nasal bone fractures using CT images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A nasal bone fracture is the most common facial fracture. Successful treatment requires accurate diagnosis and careful surgical management. Fractures usually are diagnosed on the basis of macroscopic inspection and X-rays. In some cases, CT can be useful in diagnosis of nasal bone fractures because CT images have few shadows and consequently are of high contrast. The authors therefore utilized CT in the classification of 83 cases of nasal bone fractures. CT also was used in 36 cases for postoperative evaluation. During the five-year period from 1989 to 1994, the authors diagnosed 83 cases of nasal bone fractures. CT findings were used to evaluate the types of fractures, which were classified as lateral (unilateral and bilateral), frontal, and lateral-frontal mixed. Included were 22 cases of unilateral fracture, 26 cases of bilateral fracture, 25 cases of frontal fracture, and 8 cases of frontal-lateral fracture. The authors performed closed reduction utilizing K-wire fixation under general anesthesia. Reduction resulted in an angle of θ formed between the nasal bone and maxillary bone, and with its apex at the fracture point. Of the 36 cases postoperatively evaluated by CT, 11 showed excellent results, 12 good results, and 13 fair results. Eleven of the 13 fair reduction cases had a free bone at the fracture point. Five of the 6 cases of fair reduction lateral-frontal mixed fractures had a free bone at the fracture point. Based on CT findings, the authors concluded that reduction and fixation utilizing K-wire was insufficient in cases with free bone fragments. It therefore is important that the existence and position of any free bone fragment should be given careful consideration before undertaking surgery. (author)

  12. The added diagnostic value of SPECT/CT imaging for bone metastases from lung cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the added diagnostic value of SPECT/CT imaging over routine planar whole-body bone scintigraphy (WBBS) for bone metastases from lung cancer. Methods: One hundred and forty-six patients with lung cancer, confirmed by pathological examination, underwent routine 99Tcm-MDP (1110 MBq) WBBS, followed by SPECT/CT over the regions with indeterminate findings on WBBS. Both WBBS and bone SPECT/CT images were interpreted by two experienced nuclear medicine physicians in consensus as the positive, negative or uncertain bone metastases. The final diagnosis was com-firmed by pathology or clinical follow-up. χ2 test was used to compare the differences between the two imaging methods. Results: Finally, 45 patients were diagnosed as positive bone metastases and the other 101 as negative. The diagnostic sensitivity of bone SPECT/CT for bone metastases from lung cancer was 93.3% (42/45), significantly higher than that of WBBS (64.4%, 29/45) (χ2=19.944, P<0.05). The diagnostic accuracy of bone SPECT/CT was 89.7% (131/146), much higher than that of WBBS (44.5%, 65/146) (χ2=69.598, P<0.05). The uncertain and incorrect diagnostic rates of bone SPECT/CT and WBBS were 10.3% (15/146, raging from 5.3% to 15.2% with 95% confidence interval (CI)) and 55.5% (81/146, raging from 47.4% to 63.5% with 95% CI), respectively. Conclusion: Bone SPECT/CT provides incremental diagnostic value over routine WBBS for bone metastases from lung cancer. (authors)

  13. CT findings of mentally retarded patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cranial CT findings were compared according to the age group in 192 mentally retarded patients aged from 15 to 59 years and in 132 control subjects. Enlargement of the ventricles, cisterns or fissures was judged. The incidence of ''enlargement'' was higher, irrespective of age, in mentally retarded group than in the control group. When the mentally retarded patients were divided into the group with pathologic symptoms and the group without them, the incidence of ''enlargement'' was higher in the former group than in the control group, but there was no significant difference between the latter group and the control group. There was no consistent relationship between the degree of mental retardation and the incidence of ''enlargement''. Many of the mentally retarded patients with pathologic symptoms tended to have a wide range of enlargement, while many of the patients without them had narrowed lateral ventricle. (Namekawa, K.)

  14. Efficacy of DR, CT and MRI in bone tumors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanjiao Zhang; Xuefeng Cui; Changcheng Li; Shenjiang Li

    2014-01-01

    Objective:The aim of the study was to investigate the ef icacy of digital radiography (DR), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in bone tumors. Methods:Fifty-five patients with histological y confirmed bone tumors underwent imaging examinations. Fifty-five patients were performed DR, 21 CT and 20 MRI. Results:DR of 51 pa-tients clearly revealed bone changes. DR of 40 patients wel showed marginal. Twenty tumors appeared periosteal reaction on DR and 19 calcification on DR. CT scan of 21 patients clearly depicted bone changes, marginal and calcification and CT scan of 8 revealed periosteal reaction. MRI scan of 20 patients al showed marginal and soft-tissue mass and bone marrow edema was prominent in 8 patients. Conclusion:DR is the first imaging approach for born tumors. CT wel reveal the extent and minute structure of the bone tumors, the extent, soft-tissue mass and bone marrow edema are more dramatical y demon-strated on MRI imaging. DR integrates with CT and MRI, is helpful in diagnosis of bone tumors.

  15. Analysis of CT findings with audiometric correlation in patients with otosclerosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monobe, Hiroko [Japanese Red Cross Medical Center, Tokyo (Japan); Yamasoba, Tatuya; Kaga, Kimitaka

    2001-07-01

    It has been reported that an otospongiotic lesion in otosclerosis can be shown as a density-loss area in computed tomography (CT) of the temporal bone in patients with otosclerosis. Using CT, we evaluated the presence of otospongiotic lesion in 42 ears with otosclerosis and analyzed the relationship between CT and audiometric findings. We found otospongiotic lesions in 21 ears (50%). Bone conduction thresholds were significantly increased in ears with otospongiotic lesions compared to those without. No significant difference was observed in bone conduction thresholds between ears with lesions around the cochlea and ears with lesions anterior to the vestibule. It suggests that active lesions detected on CT may be more readily cause sensorineural deafness. (author)

  16. Pyogenic osteomyelitis of long bone: MR findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the usefulness of MR in the osteomyelitis, we reviewed MR examinations of 14 patients with pyogenic osteomyelitis of the long bone. All 14 patients were confirmed to have osteomyelitis either surgically (13/14) or by aspiration (1/14). MRI was performed with 0.5 T (n=8) or 2.0 T (n=6) SE technique, and Gd-DTPA enhanced T1WI was obtained in 10 examinations. Anatomic location of lesions were femur (8/14), tibia (5/14) , and fibula (1/14). The marrow cavity and soft tissue were involved in 13/14, 12/14 respectively. The signals of both intraosseous and extraosseous infected area were iso to low signal intensity to muscles on T1WI and high signal intensity on PDWI and T2WI. Rim or diffuse enhancement of the marrow cavity and soft tissue were seen in all (10/10) case. Sequestra, periosteal reaction, and cortical defect were found in 12/14, 10/14, 9/14. MR provided more accurate and detailed anatomic information including extent of disease and possible activity than bone scintigraphy, CT, or conventional radiography. We conclude that MR might be the choice of modality in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis of the long bone

  17. Mixed connective tissue disease associated with noted pulmonary CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT was performed in a 56-year-old woman with mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). Much more definitive pulmonary findings were obtained by CT than by the conventional chest x-ray examination and pulmonary function test. CT findings disclosed pulmonary lesions extremely similar to those in cases of progressive systemic sclerosis. Pulmonary CT was considered useful in examining pulmonary lesions for MCTD. (Namekawa, K.)

  18. Knee bone tumors: findings on conventional radiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade Neto, Francisco; Teixeira, Manuel Joaquim Diógenes; Araújo, Leonardo Heráclio do Carmo; Ponte, Carlos Eduardo Barbosa

    2016-01-01

    The knee is a common site for bone tumors, whether clinically painful or not. Conventional radiology has been established as the first line of investigation in patients with knee pain and can reveal lesions that often generate questions not only for the generalist physician but also for the radiologist or general orthopedist. History, image examination, and histopathological analysis compose the essential tripod of the diagnosis of bone tumors, and conventional radiology is an essential diagnostic tool in patients with knee pain. This pictorial essay proposes to depict the main conventional radiography findings of the most common bone tumors around the knee, including benign and malignant tumors, as well as pseudo-tumors. PMID:27403019

  19. Knee bone tumors: findings on conventional radiology*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade Neto, Francisco; Teixeira, Manuel Joaquim Diógenes; Araújo, Leonardo Heráclio do Carmo; Ponte, Carlos Eduardo Barbosa

    2016-01-01

    The knee is a common site for bone tumors, whether clinically painful or not. Conventional radiology has been established as the first line of investigation in patients with knee pain and can reveal lesions that often generate questions not only for the generalist physician but also for the radiologist or general orthopedist. History, image examination, and histopathological analysis compose the essential tripod of the diagnosis of bone tumors, and conventional radiology is an essential diagnostic tool in patients with knee pain. This pictorial essay proposes to depict the main conventional radiography findings of the most common bone tumors around the knee, including benign and malignant tumors, as well as pseudo-tumors. PMID:27403019

  20. Pulmonary hamartoma. Correlation of CT and pathologic finding in 13 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied correlation of CT and pathological findings of 13 cases with pulmonary hamartoma. Images of thin-slice-high resolution CT (HRCT) using bone algorithm in pulmonary hamartoma revealed loss of vascular connection, notching, lobulation and rim enhancement. In addition, popcorn calcification and scattered low density area suggesting fat tissue within tumors were confirmed. These findings were thought to reflect the pathologic features of pulmonary hamartoma. It is considered that HRCT images using bone algorithm could play a significant role in the diagnosis of small nodular lesions of the lung including pulmonary hamartoma. (author)

  1. CT findings of palpable neck masses in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We performed this study to assess the value of CT in the differential diagnosis of palpable neck masses in children. We retrospectively reviewed the CT scans of the palpable neck masses in 30 children. The masses were proved histopathologically and classified into cystic, solid, and inflammatory mass and their CT findings were analyzed. Twelve cases were cystic masses, 4 were solid masses, and 14 were inflammatory lesions. Cystic masses included cystic lymphangiomas (n=6), branchial cleft cysts (n=3), thyroglossal duct cysts (n=2), and ranula (n=1). Cystic lymphangiomas showed insinuating appearances into adjacent structures and 4 cases occurred in the posterior cervical space. All branchial cleft cysts were round cystic masses with smooth wall and displaced the submandibular gland anteriorly and the sternocleidomastoid muscle posteriorly. Two thyroglossal duct cysts occurred centrally adjacent to the hyoid bone and 1 ranula in the submental area. Solid masses were juvenile hemangioma, pleomorphic adenoma in submandibular gland, neurilemmoma, and fibromatosis colli. Juvenile hemangioma showed well-enhancing mass with indistinct margin and the other solid masses had well-defined margin with their characteristic location. Inflammatory lesions were abscess (n=4), deep neck infections with lymphadenopathy (n=4), submandibular gland inflammation (n=3), and tuberculous lymphadenitis (n=3) and they showed strand-like enhancement in adjacent subcutaneous tissues. Tuberculous lymphadenitis had multiple lymph node enlargement with internal low attenuation areas and showed less surrounding strand-like enhancement than suppurative lymphadenopathies. Most neck masses in infants and children were of congenital or inflammatory origin. CT is useful for the evaluation of the child presenting with a neck mass, because it can differentiate various forms of neck masses and is able to reveal the relationship of the masses to the adjacent structures with their characteristic location

  2. Characteristic CT and MRI findings of intracranial chondroma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duan, Fuhong; Qiu, Shijun; Liu, Zhenyin; Lv, Xiaofei; Feng, Xia; Xiong, Wei; An, Jie; Chen, Jing; Yang, Weicong; Wen, Chuhong [Department of Medical Imaging Center, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China)], E-mail: qiushijun006@163.com; Jiang, Jianwei; Chang, Jun [Department of Radiology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Wuxi, Jiangsu (China)

    2012-12-15

    Background. Intracranial chondromas are rare benign tumors. To date, few data are available on their neuroradiological features. Purpose. To describe a series of patients with intracranial chondroma and to analyze and discuss the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features that may distinguish chondromas from other intracranial neoplasms. Material and Methods. We retrospectively analyzed clinical and medical imaging data of six patients who had pathologically confirmed intracranial chondromas in our two institutions between July 2006 and September 2011. Both CT and MRI scanning were performed in all six cases. Results. Five tumors were located at the skull base and one originated from the falx. CT images revealed well-demarcated, irregular lobulated and variable density masses with obvious calci?cation (6/6), no or slight enhancement, without peritumoral edema, and frequently accompanied by erosion and destruction of surrounding bone (5/6). Tumor parenchyma appeared heterogeneously hypointense on T1WI, and hyperintense or mixed hyperintense and hypointense on T2WI, while the calcification appeared hypointense on T1WI and T2WI in five cases, demonstrating significant inhomogeneous enhancement on postcontrast MRI, which revealed the typical 'punica granatum seeds' sign. Only one case showed homogeneous low signal intensity on T1WI and high signal intensity on T2WI, and relatively uniform obvious enhancement on postcontrast scans. Conclusion. These characteristic CT and MR findings, combined with the location of the lesions and the history of a long duration of clinical symptoms, may prove helpful in differentiating intracranial chondromas from other more common tumors.

  3. Characteristic CT and MRI findings of intracranial chondroma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background. Intracranial chondromas are rare benign tumors. To date, few data are available on their neuroradiological features. Purpose. To describe a series of patients with intracranial chondroma and to analyze and discuss the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features that may distinguish chondromas from other intracranial neoplasms. Material and Methods. We retrospectively analyzed clinical and medical imaging data of six patients who had pathologically confirmed intracranial chondromas in our two institutions between July 2006 and September 2011. Both CT and MRI scanning were performed in all six cases. Results. Five tumors were located at the skull base and one originated from the falx. CT images revealed well-demarcated, irregular lobulated and variable density masses with obvious calci?cation (6/6), no or slight enhancement, without peritumoral edema, and frequently accompanied by erosion and destruction of surrounding bone (5/6). Tumor parenchyma appeared heterogeneously hypointense on T1WI, and hyperintense or mixed hyperintense and hypointense on T2WI, while the calcification appeared hypointense on T1WI and T2WI in five cases, demonstrating significant inhomogeneous enhancement on postcontrast MRI, which revealed the typical 'punica granatum seeds' sign. Only one case showed homogeneous low signal intensity on T1WI and high signal intensity on T2WI, and relatively uniform obvious enhancement on postcontrast scans. Conclusion. These characteristic CT and MR findings, combined with the location of the lesions and the history of a long duration of clinical symptoms, may prove helpful in differentiating intracranial chondromas from other more common tumors

  4. CT findings of palpable neck masses in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Chan Sup; Chung, Won Mo; Seok, Eul Hye; Suh, Chang Hae; Chung, Won Kyun [College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-12-15

    We performed this study to assess the value of CT in the differential diagnosis of palpable neck masses in children. We retrospectively reviewed the CT scans of the palpable neck masses in 30 children. The masses were proved histopathologically and classified into cystic, solid, and inflammatory mass and their CT findings were analyzed. Twelve cases were cystic masses, 4 were solid masses, and 14 were inflammatory lesions. Cystic masses included cystic lymphangiomas (n=6), branchial cleft cysts (n=3), thyroglossal duct cysts (n=2), and ranula (n=1). Cystic lymphangiomas showed insinuating appearances into adjacent structures and 4 cases occurred in the posterior cervical space. All branchial cleft cysts were round cystic masses with smooth wall and displaced the submandibular gland anteriorly and the sternocleidomastoid muscle posteriorly. Two thyroglossal duct cysts occurred centrally adjacent to the hyoid bone and 1 ranula in the submental area. Solid masses were juvenile hemangioma, pleomorphic adenoma in submandibular gland, neurilemmoma, and fibromatosis colli. Juvenile hemangioma showed well-enhancing mass with indistinct margin and the other solid masses had well-defined margin with their characteristic location. Inflammatory lesions were abscess (n=4), deep neck infections with lymphadenopathy (n=4), submandibular gland inflammation (n=3), and tuberculous lymphadenitis (n=3) and they showed strand-like enhancement in adjacent subcutaneous tissues. Tuberculous lymphadenitis had multiple lymph node enlargement with internal low attenuation areas and showed less surrounding strand-like enhancement than suppurative lymphadenopathies. Most neck masses in infants and children were of congenital or inflammatory origin. CT is useful for the evaluation of the child presenting with a neck mass, because it can differentiate various forms of neck masses and is able to reveal the relationship of the masses to the adjacent structures with their characteristic location.

  5. CT findings of intrathoricic neoplasm associated with hypertrophic osteoarthropathy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, Hee Sung; Choe, Kyu Ok; Chung, Jin Il; Oh, Sei Chung [College of Medicine Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-02-15

    Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy(HOA) is a clinical syndrome consisting of clubbing, periostitis and synovitis. Most frequent causes of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy are intrathoracic neoplasms, among which the bronchogenic carcinoma ranks the highest. But computed tomographic evaluation of intrathoracic neoplasm associated with HOA has been seldom reported. The purpose of this study is to evaluate CT findings of intrathoracic neoplasm associated with HOA, and to infer possible mechanism. Seven cases of intrathoracic neoplasm associated with HOA were included in our study. Diagnoses of HOA were made by Tc99m bone scintigraphy or plain radiography. The findings of chest CT scans were reviewed retrospectively, with main interests on their size, location and internal characteristics, ect. Seven cases of intrathoracic neoplasm consisted of five bronchogenic carcinomas and two thymic tumors. The size of intrathoracic tumors were relatively large ranging from 6cm to 13cm(average 8.0cm). All thoracic neoplasms showed wide pleural contact, and one of them invaded thoracic wall. The range of length of pleural contact was 5-18cm(average 9.9cm). All of seven patients had internal necrosis, and one of them showed cavitation in thoracic mass. Intrathoracic neoplasms associated with HOA had a tendency to be large, to contain internal necrosis, and to widely abut the thoracic pleura.

  6. CT findings of intrathoricic neoplasm associated with hypertrophic osteoarthropathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy(HOA) is a clinical syndrome consisting of clubbing, periostitis and synovitis. Most frequent causes of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy are intrathoracic neoplasms, among which the bronchogenic carcinoma ranks the highest. But computed tomographic evaluation of intrathoracic neoplasm associated with HOA has been seldom reported. The purpose of this study is to evaluate CT findings of intrathoracic neoplasm associated with HOA, and to infer possible mechanism. Seven cases of intrathoracic neoplasm associated with HOA were included in our study. Diagnoses of HOA were made by Tc99m bone scintigraphy or plain radiography. The findings of chest CT scans were reviewed retrospectively, with main interests on their size, location and internal characteristics, ect. Seven cases of intrathoracic neoplasm consisted of five bronchogenic carcinomas and two thymic tumors. The size of intrathoracic tumors were relatively large ranging from 6cm to 13cm(average 8.0cm). All thoracic neoplasms showed wide pleural contact, and one of them invaded thoracic wall. The range of length of pleural contact was 5-18cm(average 9.9cm). All of seven patients had internal necrosis, and one of them showed cavitation in thoracic mass. Intrathoracic neoplasms associated with HOA had a tendency to be large, to contain internal necrosis, and to widely abut the thoracic pleura

  7. Analysis on correlation between bone strength by FEA, micro-CT parameters and bone mineral density

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bone mineral density (BMD) and bone micro architecture and important determinants for bone strength. Recently micro-CT have provided possibilities for measuring a variety of structural indices to characterize bone micro architecture. The objective of this study was to compare the BMD and micro-CT parameters with Young's modulus calculated by finite element analysis (FEA) for the evaluation of bone strength. Bone specimens were obtained from the 18 female rabbits aged 16 weeks. Of those, 36 samples (right and left femur) were selected for 3D micro-CT analysis(ANT 'TM, SKYSCAN, Belgium) and BMD by PIXImus 2 (GE Lunar Co. USA). Five microstructural parameters of micro-CT, such as trabecular thickness(Tb. Th), bone specific surface (BS/BV), percent bone volume (BV/TV), structure model index (SMI) and degree of anisotropy (DOA) were studied. Young's modulus was obtained by software program (ANSYS 9.0, ANSYS Inc, Canonsburg, PA) based on micro-CT three dimensional images. Young's modults assessed by FEA correlated significantly with Tb.Th, BV/TV. BS/BV and SMI respectively. Young's modulus showed higher correlation with these microstructural parameters of micro-CT than BMD. Microstructural parameters except DOA showed significant correlations within the examined group. The micro architectural parameters of micro-CT and BMD represented some information in the evaluation of bone strength assessed by FEA

  8. The MRI features of chondroblastoma with correlation of X-ray and CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the MR imaging features of chondroblastoma, and to address the correlation with findings of X-ray radiography and CT. Methods: The imaging findings including MRI, X-ray radiography and CT of 16 chondroblastomas proved by surgery and pathology were analyzed and correlated with each other. Results: All sixteen chondroblastomas involved the epiphyses of long bones, with varying sizes from 0.8 cm to 5.1 cm and lobulation. They were iso- and hypo-intense on T1WI and had heterogeneous signals on T2WI. They were of soft tissue density on CT, and had areas of calcifications and low density. The rims were hypointense on both T1WI and T2WI and showed hyperdensity on CT. The lesions were surrounded by edema of bone marrow which was hypointense on T1WI and hyperintense on fat suppressed T2WI, while on X-Ray film and CT it was hyperdense sclerotic area. The adjacent soft tissues were swelling. Nine cases had periosteal abnormalities on MRI in which 8 of 9 periosteal abnormalities were distant from the primary lesions, and 6 of them showed hyperdense perosteal new bone on CT. Twelve cases had joint effusion on MRI and CT detected 6 of them. The lesions had heterogeneous enhancement, and there was enhancement in areas of edema within bone marrow, periosteal reaction and adjacent soft tissue. Chondroblastoma was intermediate and hyperintense on DWI, and the intermediate areas on both T1WI and T2WI, together with areas of bone marrow edema, periosteal reaction and soft tissue swelling, were hyperintense on DWI. Conclusions: The MRI, X-ray and CT can reflect the pathological changes of chondroblastoma from different aspects. The characteristics of chondroblastoma can be better appreciated by combining different imaging methods. (authors)

  9. Actinomycosis involving the chest wall: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two cases of pulmonary actinomycosis with extension to involve the chest wall that were evaluated using computerized tomography are reported. In both cases, the relation of pulmonary and chest wall disease was best shown using CT

  10. Nasopharyngeal teratoma: CT and MR findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teratomas of the nasopharynx occur usually in neonates. We present a case of teratoma which was discovered in an adult, and which relapsed after 34 years. The conventional radiograms, CT, MR, and histologic appearances are described. (orig.). With 4 figs

  11. Endometriosis of the rectum: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the CT manifestations of recto-endometriosis. Methods: Three pathologically proved cases of recto-endometriosis were reported, the CT features and clinical manifestations were investigated retrospectively with review of literatures. Results: The patients were all menstruating females (28, 34, and 45 years old, respectively), and anal pain emerged during menses in one case. Rectal examination revealed stiff immobile mass along the rectal wall in all three cases. All the cases showed solid masses on CT scan with moderate enhancement after contrast administration. Two of them confined to the rectal walls, another involved the rectum and peri-rectal aspect. One case was misdiagnosed as well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of rectum in frozen section by biopsy specimen. Conclusion: A solid mass was always found in recto-endometriosis. No characteristic CT feature was manifested. Attention should be paid to the differentiation from rectal tumors when making the diagnosis

  12. Nasopharyngeal teratoma: CT and MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sigal, R. [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Ousehal, A. [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Pharaboz, C. [Department of Radiology, HIA Begin, Saint-Mande (France); Leridant, A.M. [Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Bosq, J. [Department of Pathology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Vanel, D. [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France)

    1997-02-01

    Teratomas of the nasopharynx occur usually in neonates. We present a case of teratoma which was discovered in an adult, and which relapsed after 34 years. The conventional radiograms, CT, MR, and histologic appearances are described. (orig.). With 4 figs.

  13. Mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix: CT findings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Mei-ling; YAN Fu-hua; XU Peng-ju; ZHANG Li-jun; LI Qing-hai; JI Yuan

    2006-01-01

    @@ Appendiceal mucinous cystadenoma (AMC) is an uncommon disease. The clinical symptoms are non-specific, thus the preoperative diagnosis is very difficult. The importance of recognizing this condition lies in preventing spillage during surgery. At present,the widespread use of computed tomography (CT)for evaluating abdominal disease has increased the detection rate and diagnostic accuracy for AMC.Here, we report the CT appearance of 4histologically proven AMCs.

  14. Causes and CT findings of adult intussusception

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adult intussusception is a rare condition, unlike in children. There is an identifiable bowel lesion as a leading point in most of cases. Retrospectively we reviewed 22 patients with adult intussusception, and analyzed CT scans of 13 patients during the last 5 years. Twenty of the 22 patients had various causes of intussusception and 7 patients were associated with primary malignancy, 5 patients with benign tumor, and 4 patients with adhesive band. CT scans of 13 cases all showed characteristic target appearance or sausage-like soft tissue mass within the bowel, suggesting intussusception. In eleven of the 13 patients(84.6%) an intussuscepting mass was identified on CT scan as the lead point. Specific diagnosis for the cause of intussusception could be made by CT in four of 13 cases (three lipomas and one mucocele). In conclusion, CT is useful not only for the diagnosis but also for the evaluation of the leading causes of intussusception. Especially, CT could determined the exact causes of intussusception in cases of lipoma and mucocele

  15. Causes and CT findings of adult intussusception

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chun, Kyung Ah; Byun, Jae Young; Lee, Jae Mun; Ha, Hyun Kwon; Kim, Hyun; Park, Young Ha; Kim, II Sun; Kim, Jong Woo; Bahk, Yong Whee; Shinn, Kyung Sub [Catholic University Medical College, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-03-15

    Adult intussusception is a rare condition, unlike in children. There is an identifiable bowel lesion as a leading point in most of cases. Retrospectively we reviewed 22 patients with adult intussusception, and analyzed CT scans of 13 patients during the last 5 years. Twenty of the 22 patients had various causes of intussusception and 7 patients were associated with primary malignancy, 5 patients with benign tumor, and 4 patients with adhesive band. CT scans of 13 cases all showed characteristic target appearance or sausage-like soft tissue mass within the bowel, suggesting intussusception. In eleven of the 13 patients(84.6%) an intussuscepting mass was identified on CT scan as the lead point. Specific diagnosis for the cause of intussusception could be made by CT in four of 13 cases (three lipomas and one mucocele). In conclusion, CT is useful not only for the diagnosis but also for the evaluation of the leading causes of intussusception. Especially, CT could determined the exact causes of intussusception in cases of lipoma and mucocele.

  16. Three-dimensional CT imaging with a helical scan on temporal bone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the usefulness of three-dimensional (3D) CT on the lesions of temporal bone, we studied 19 patients with disorders on the region of temporal bone by high speed helical CT. The results showed that 8 patients with congenital hearing disorder had deficiency of the auditory ossicles, 2 patients with chronic otitis media had deformity and shortness of the auditory ossicles, 4 patients with trauma had fracture of the temporal bone (1 patient was complicated by doubtful fracture of the incus), 5 patients (4 patients with acquired hearing disorder and 1 patient with otorrhea) had space-occupying lesions. 3-D helical CT could detect abnormal findings on all the patients and it was an important examination for the temporal bone. (author)

  17. Synchrotron radiation CT from the micro to nanoscale for the investigation of bone tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peyrin, Francoise; Dong, Pei; Pacureanu, Alexandra; Zuluaga, Maria; Olivier, Cécile; Langer, Max; Cloetens, Peter

    2012-10-01

    During the last decade, X-ray micro Computerized Tomography (CT) has become a conventional technique for the three-dimensional (3D) investigation of trabecular bone micro-architecture. Coupling micro-CT to synchrotron sources possesses significant advantages in terms of image quality and gives access to information on bone mineralization which is an important factor of bone quality. We present an overview of the investigation of bone using Synchrotron Radiation (SR) CT from the micro to the nano scale. We introduce two synchrotron CT systems developed at the ESRF based on SR parallel-beam micro-CT and magnified phase CT respectively, achieving down to submicrometric and nanometric spatial resolution. In the latter, by using phase retrieval prior to tomographic reconstruction, the system provides maps of the 3D refractive index distribution. Parallel-beam SR micro-CT has extensively been used for the analysis of trabecular or cortical bone in human or small animals with spatial resolution in the range [3-10] μm. However, the characterization of the bone properties at the cellular scale is also of major interest. At the micrometric scale, the shape, density and morphology of osteocyte lacunae can be studied on statistically representative volumes. At the nanometric scale, unprecedented 3D displays of the canaliculi network have been obtained on fields of views including a large number of interconnected osteocyte lacunae. Finally SR magnified phase CT provides a detailed analysis of the lacuno-canalicular network and in addition information on the organization of the collagen fibers. These findings open new perspectives for three-dimensional quantitative assessment of bone tissue at the cellular scale.

  18. Bone finds: a challenge to forensic science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganswindt, Melanie; Ehrlich, Edwin; Klostermann, Peter; Troike, Wolf-Gunther; Schneider, Volkmar

    2003-03-01

    The study presented here is based on 176 forensic dental reports compiled between 1993 and 2001. The bulk of the research took place in 1997, when major construction at Potsdamer Platz and Lehrter Bahnhof in central Berlin required the excavation of considerable quantities of earth. As building proceeded here, at 'Europe's biggest construction site', it revealed not only a large number of long bones, but also a great many skulls and skull fragments. In five instances, complete skeletons were unearthed. Many of the bones ultimately proved to be of animal origin. The police were not instructed to open a single criminal investigation. Identifying and piecing together the material in this context makes tremendous demands of forensic osteology. Establishing the nature of these finds beyond reasonable doubt, and putting a name and date to them, calls for interdisciplinary co-operation between experts in odontology, anthropology, anatomy, radiology and veterinary medicine, not to mention historians. PMID:12935638

  19. Helical CT of the paranasal sinuses prior to bone marrow transplantation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To investigate the clinical necessity of CT of the paranasal sinuses before bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Patients and methods: 80 patients with malignant disease underwent coronal CT of the paranasal sinuses prior to transplantation to exclude sinusitis. Results: CT revealed sinusitis requesting therapy in 17/80 patients (21%). Patients with leukaemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma were significantly more affected. Chronic sinusitis was found in two patients, mucosal swelling not requesting therapy in 22, and normal findings in 39. Conclusion: CT of the paranasal sinuses is advised in patients suffering haemoblastoses with an increased risk of infectious complications during the transplantation phase, because pathological findings can be expected in 21% of the patients. Diagnosis and therapy of an infectious focus within the paranasal sinuses is especially important prior to allogenous bone marrow transplantation. (orig.)

  20. Papillary thyroid carcinoma: comparison between CT features and pathologic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the CT imaging features and pathologic findings of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC), as well as the CT appearances of Non-papillary thyroid carcinoma(N-PTC). Methods: CT features of 229 PTC, 42 PTMC and 36 N-PTC patients with 264, 57 and 41 lesions respectively were analyzed retrospectively, and comparison was made with the pathologic findings. All data were analyzed by X2 test. Results: (1) Of PTC lesions, 25.4% (67/264)of the lesions and 2.9% (24/828) of metastatic lymph nodes showed cystic changes. Cyst formation with intracystic high density papillary-like nodules were found in 31.3% (21/67)of the PTC lesions and 37.5% (9/24) of metastatic lymph nodes. The histologic appearances of these tumors demonstrated fibrous tissue forming the wall of cyst, and papillary-like tumor tissue. (2) 75.2% (112/149) of PTC and 33.3% (5/15) of PTMC showed multiple small granular and fine calcifications, and there was statiscally significant difference between the two (P0.05). However, the degree of enhancement in PTC lesions were less than that of N-PTC, 36.6% (94/257) of PTC and 54.1% (20/37)of N-PTC lesions showed significant enhancement, and there was statistically significant difference (P<0.05). 75.1% of PTC (172/229) and 52.8% of (19/36)N-PTC had cervical lymph node metastases, with a propensity fbr PTC to have more VI region metastatic lymph nodes, 80.8% (139/172)vs 57.9% (11/19), which was statistically significant (both P<0.05). (4)Distant metastases to bone or lung were rare, but N-PTC (5/36) were more likely to produce distant metastases than PTC (5/229), and there was statistically significant difference (P<0.01). Conclusion Multiple, small granular and fine calcifications were found more frequently in PTC than PTMC. Compared with N-PTC, the papillary-like mural nodules of PTC showed less enhancement on post-contrast CT and cervical lymph node metastases were more frequently

  1. CT and MRI findings in cerebral hydatid disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT is the primary modality for the diagnosis. Two forms of cerebral hydatid cysts have been reported on the basis of CT appearances: unilocular and multilocular. Demonstration of the cyst wall is important for the diagnosis. MRI is superior to CT for demonstrating the cyst capsule and perifocal oedema. We retrospectively reveiwed the CT and MRI findings of 6 surgically proven cases of cerebral hydatid cyst and compared the two modalities on the basis of their demonstration of findings helpful in the diagnosis, such as the capsule and perifocal oedema. In 1 case CT showed the capsule. In 2 cases MRI showed a hypointense capsule around the cyst on T2-weighted images. While CT is the modality of choice, in clinical practice MRI is superior for demonstrating the cyst capsule, which is a helpful finding in the diagnosis and can be used in inconclusive cases. (orig.)

  2. Using Micro-CT Derived Bone Microarchitecture to Analyze Bone Stiffness - A Case Study on Osteoporosis Rat Bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yuchin; Adeeb, Samer; Doschak, Michael R

    2015-01-01

    Micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT) images can be used to quantitatively represent bone geometry through a range of computed attenuation-based parameters. Nonetheless, those parameters remain indirect indices of bone microarchitectural strength and require further computational tools to interpret bone structural stiffness and potential for mechanical failure. Finite element analysis (FEA) can be applied to measure trabecular bone stiffness and potentially predict the location of structural failure in preclinical animal models of osteoporosis, although that procedure from image segmentation of Micro-CT derived bone geometry to FEA is often challenging and computationally expensive, resulting in failure of the model to build. Notably, the selection of resolution and threshold for bone segmentation are key steps that greatly affect computational complexity and validity. In the following study, we evaluated an approach whereby Micro-CT derived grayscale attenuation and segmentation data guided the selection of trabecular bone for analysis by FEA. We further correlated those FEA results to both two- and three-dimensional bone microarchitecture from sham and ovariectomized (OVX) rats (n = 10/group). A virtual cylinder of vertebral trabecular bone 40% in length from the caudal side was selected for FEA, because Micro-CT based image analysis indicated the largest differences in microarchitecture between the two groups resided there. Bone stiffness was calculated using FEA and statistically correlated with the three-dimensional values of bone volume/tissue volume, bone mineral density, fractal dimension, trabecular separation, and trabecular bone pattern factor. Our method simplified the process for the assessment of trabecular bone stiffness by FEA from Micro-CT images and highlighted the importance of bone microarchitecture in conferring significantly increased bone quality capable of resisting failure due to increased mechanical loading. PMID:26042089

  3. Ischemic and hemorrhagic moyamoya disease in adults: CT findings

    OpenAIRE

    Xie, Anming; Luo, Li; Ding, Yaojun; Li, Gongjie

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the findings of adult moyamoya disease (MD) of different types on plain CT, brain perfusion CT (CTP) and brain CT angiography (CTA). Materials and methods: A total of 48 patients with ischemic MD and hemorrhagic MD were recruited into present study, and findings were collected from plain CT, CTP and CTA. Results: The incidence of watershed or cortex stroke in ischemic MD (55.6% and 38.9%) was higher than in hemorrhagic MD (0%). The incidence of ventricle or basal gan...

  4. CT findings of hepatic abscess arising from perforated acute cholecystitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Sang Hee; Lee, Kyoung Soo; Lee, Jin Seoung; Lee, Moon Gyu; Chung, Young Hwa; Lee, Young Sang; Lee, Sung Gyu; Auh, Yong Ho [Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to report the CT findings of four patients with hepatic abscess secondary to perforated acute cholecystitis. We retrospectively reviewed the CT findings of four patients with surgically proven hepatic abscess secondary to perforated acute cholecystitis. CT findings were analysed with respect to the observation of the gallbladder, pericholecystic space, hepatic lesions, and peritoneal cavity. All patients underwent cholecystectomy, with drainage of the hepatic abscess. CT findings of hepatic abscess secondary to perforated acute cholecystitis were hypodense mass formation in the pericholecystic space(n=3), irreguarity and wall defect of Gallbladder(n=4), thickened Gallbladder wall(n=4), stone with debris(n=4), and local or diffuse infiltration of the pericholecystic area(n=3), omentum, and mesentery. CT was helpful in diagnosing the hepatic abscess secondary to perforated acute cholecystitis.

  5. Correlations of CT and EEG findings in brain affections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results were compared of electroencephalography (EEG) and computerized tomography (CT) examinations of 250 patients with different brain affections. In intracranial expansive processes the pre-operative CT findings were positive in 100% cases, the EEG findings in 89.7% of cases. In severe traumatic affections the EEG and CT findings were positive in all cases, in mild injuries and post-traumatic conditions the EEG findings were more frequently positive than the CT. In focal and diffuse vascular affections the EEG and CT findings were consistent, in transitory ischemic conditions the EEG findings were more frequently positive. In inflammatory cerebral affections and in paroxymal diseases the EEG findings were positive more frequently than the CT. The same applies for demyelinating and degenerative affections. Findings of other authors were confirmed to the effect that CT very reliably reveals morphological changes in cerebral tissue while EEG records the functional state of the central nervous system and its changes. The two methods are complementary. (author)

  6. CT pre-operative planning of a new semi-implantable bone conduction hearing device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Law, Eric K.C.; Bhatia, Kunwar S.S. [Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Hong Kong, SAR (China); Tsang, Willis S.S.; Tong, Michael C.F. [Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Hong Kong, SAR (China); Shi, Lin [The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Hong Kong, SAR (China); The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Chow Yuk Ho Technology Center for Innovative Medicine, Hong Kong, SAR (China)

    2016-06-15

    Accommodating a novel semi-implantable bone conduction hearing device within the temporal bone presents challenges for surgical planning. This study describes the utility of CT in pre-operative assessment of such an implant. Retrospective review of pre-operative CT, clinical and surgical records of 16 adults considered for device implantation. Radiological suitability was assessed on CT using 3D simulation software. Antero-posterior (AP) dimensions of the mastoid bone and minimum skull thickness were measured. CT planning results were correlated with operative records. Eight and five candidates were suitable for device placement in the transmastoid and retrosigmoid positions, respectively, and three were radiologically unsuitable. The mean AP diameter of the mastoid cavity was 14.6 mm for the transmastoid group and 4.6 mm for the retrosigmoid group (p < 0.05). Contracted mastoid and/or prior surgery were predisposing factors for unsuitability. Four transmastoid and five retrosigmoid positions required sigmoid sinus/dural depression and/or use of lifts due to insufficient bone capacity. A high proportion of patients being considered have contracted or operated mastoids, which reduces the feasibility of the transmastoid approach. This finding combined with the complex temporal bone geometry illustrates the importance of careful CT evaluation using 3D software for precise device simulation. (orig.)

  7. FDG-PET and CT patterns of bone metastases and their relationship to previously administered anti-cancer therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Israel, Ora; Bar-Shalom, Rachel; Keidar, Zohar [Rambam Health Care Campus, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Haifa (Israel); Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, B. Rappaport School of Medicine, Haifa (Israel); Goldberg, Anat [Rambam Health Care Campus, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Haifa (Israel); Nachtigal, Alicia; Militianu, Daniela [Rambam Health Care Center, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Haifa (Israel); Fogelman, Ignac [Guy' s, King' s and St Thomas' School of Medicine, Division of Imaging Sciences, London (United Kingdom)

    2006-11-15

    To assess {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in bone metastases in patients with and without previous treatment, and compare positive positron emission tomography (PET) with osteolytic or osteoblastic changes on computed tomography (CT). One hundred and thirty-one FDG-PET/CT studies were reviewed for bone metastases. A total of 294 lesions were found in 76 patients, 81 in untreated patients and 213 in previously treated patients. PET was assessed for abnormal FDG uptake localised by PET/CT to the skeleton. CT was evaluated for bone metastases and for blastic or lytic pattern. The relationship between the presence and pattern of bone metastases on PET and CT, and prior treatment was statistically analysed using the chi-square test. PET identified 174 (59%) metastases, while CT detected 280 (95%). FDG-avid metastases included 74/81 (91%) untreated and 100/213 (47%) treated lesions (p<0.001). On CT there were 76/81 (94%) untreated and 204/213 (96%) treated metastases (p NS). In untreated patients, 85% of lesions were seen on both PET and CT (26 blastic, 43 lytic). In treated patients, 53% of lesions were seen only on CT (95 blastic, 18 lytic). Of the osteoblastic metastases, 65/174 (37%) were PET positive and 98/120 (82%), PET negative (p<0.001). The results of the present study indicate that when imaging bone metastases, prior treatment can alter the relationship between PET and CT findings. Most untreated bone metastases are PET positive and lytic on CT, while in previously treated patients most lesions are PET negative and blastic on CT. PET and CT therefore appear to be complementary in the assessment of bone metastases. (orig.)

  8. CT findings in brain edema following the administration of corticosteroids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomography (CT) is the first noninvasive method available for directly visualizing brain edema in man. On CT scans perifocal edema is shown as an area of low density surrounding a lesion. The purpose of this report is to evaluate the effect of corticosteroids on brain edema as seen by CT (HITACHI CT-H 250). Nine patients with brain-tumor and one with brain-abscess were treated with betamethasone for about ten days (dosage started with 12 - 16 mg/day, and tapered). In eight cases, and improvement in the neurological findings was observed. An impressive reduction of peritumoral edema was shown on CT scans in six of these eight cases. There was, however, no significant correlation between the degree of the reduction of edema on CT and that of the improvement in neurological findings. The mode of the CT number in the region of edema did not differ significantly between pre- and post-steroid treatment in the cases showing a recognizable reduction of edema on CT. This failure to change is probably due to the insufficient mechanical accuracy of the CT scanner at the present stage of technology. Through our experiences, it seems that CT is one of the most promising tools for a dynamic study of brain edema in man. (author)

  9. Using Micro-CT Derived Bone Microarchitecture to Analyze Bone Stiffness - A Case Study on Osteoporosis Rat Bone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuchin eWu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Micro-computed tomography images can be used to quantitatively represent bone geometry through a range of computed attenuation-based parameters. Nonetheless, those parameters remain indirect indices of bone micro-architectural strength and require further computational tools to interpret bone structural stiffness and potential for mechanical failure. Finite element analysis (FEA can be applied to measure trabecular bone stiffness and potentially predict the location of structural failure in preclinical animal models of osteoporosis, although that procedure from image segmentation of micro-CT derived bone geometry to FEA is often challenging and computationally expensive, resulting in failure of the model to build. Notably, the selection of resolution and threshold for bone segmentation are key steps that greatly affect computational complexity and validity. In the following study, we evaluated an approach whereby Micro-CT derived greyscale attenuation and segmentation data guided the selection of trabecular bone for analysis by FEA. We further correlated those FEA results to both two and three dimensional bone microarchitecture from sham and ovariectomized (OVX rats (n=10/group. A virtual cylinder of vertebral trabecular bone 40% in length from the caudal side was selected for FEA because micro-CT based image analysis indicated the largest differences in microarchitecture between the two groups resided there. Bone stiffness was calculated using FEA and statistically correlated with the three dimensional values of bone volume/tissue volume, bone mineral density, fractal dimension, trabecular separation and trabecular bone pattern factor. Our method simplified the process for the assessment of trabecular bone stiffness by FEA from Micro-CT images and highlighted the importance of bone microarchitecture in conferring significantly increased bone quality capable of resisting failure due to increased mechanical loading.

  10. Brain CT findings of severely multiple handicapped children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brain CT were performed in 63 severely multiple handicapped children (30 males and 33 females) ranging in age from 2 to 21 years. Abnormal findings including ventricular dilatation and cortical atrophy were detected in 56 of the patients (88.9%). There was no specific finding for athetosis type cerebral palsy. There was no constant relationship between underlying diseases and CT findings.(Namekawa, K.)

  11. CT and MRI findings of cardiac echinococcosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fifteen patients (8 males and 7 females, 15-56 years old) with primary or secondary hydatid disease involving the heart were examined by radiography, CT and/or MRI. MRI was done with a 1.5 T machine (Picker) in 11 cases and a 0.5 T machine (Philips) in 4 cases using ECG-gated T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo pulse sequences. Transaxial sections were combined with at least one more plane (coronal and/or sagittal) and intermediate views if the need for further information was anticipated. In 4 patients primary cardiac echinococcal cysts were found, localised to the left ventricle/pericardium/interventricular septum in 2 cases and to the left atrium/pericardium and right atrium/pericardium in 1 case each. In 11 of 15 cases there was secondary involvement of the heart by echinococcal cysts primarily arising in the lung parenchyma (n = 6), mediastinum (n = 3) and by transdiaphragmatic extension from the liver and abdomen (n = 2). CT was superior to MRI in visualising calcifications. However, ECG-gated MRI of cardiac hydatid disease appears to be the method of choice for specific diagnosis and exact assessment of hydatid cysts and their correlation with cardiac structures. (orig.)

  12. CT and MR findings in pilocytic astrocytomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: In a retrospective study we examined the predilection sites, the CT and MR morphology and the contrast behaviour of intracranial pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) in a large number of patients. Material and methods: The study consists of 47 patients (18 male, 29 female, mean age 10.1 years) with histologically proven PA. Results: The chief predilection site turned out to be the hypothalamic region (15/47=32%). The other regions involved were (in descending order): Brain hemispheres 8/47=17%; cerebellar vermis 7/47=15%, cerebellar hemispheres; thalamic nuclei and pontomedullar region 4/47=8.5% each; pineal gland 2/47=4%; pons, lamina tecti and optic fascicle 1/47=2% each. The PA presented 24/47=51% cysts; 7/47=15% calcifications; 2/47=4% necrosis and 1/47=2% perifocal oedema. In three cases (3/47=6%) CT and MRI showed no contrast enhancement. Conclusion: PA appear in almost all brain regions but there is a clear preference of the hypothalamic region. PA of the hypothalamic region are a special subgroup. They are often associated with neurofibromatosis 1, tend to infiltrate surrounding structures, and to dissiminate into the intracranial and spinal subarachnoid space. (orig.)

  13. The CT findings of maxillary sinusitis comparing with conventional radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CT findings of 42 patients with surgically verified benign lesions of the maxillary sinus were evaluated to demonstrate the value of CT. Comparison with conventional radiological methods was made. The opacification of the maxillary sinus lumen in Waters view shows the relationship in proportion to the soft tissue that occupies the sinus in CT finding. The thickening in the posterior wall of the maxillary antra may cause the opacification in Waters view. The Waters view can depict more significantly the maxillary soft tissue in CT finding than the Caldwell view and panoramic view. CT is of value in demonstration of fluid level, mucosal swelling, mucosal thickening and the thickening of the bony walls. (author)

  14. 3D CT Imaging Method for Measuring Temporal Bone Aeration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: 3D volume reconstruction of CT images can be used to measure temporal bene aeration. This study evaluates the technique with respect to reproducibility and acquisition parameters. Material and methods: Helical CT images acquired from patients with radiographically normal temporal bones using standard clinical protocols were retrospectively analyzed. 3D image reconstruction was performed to measure the volume of air within the temporal bone. The appropriate threshold values for air were determined from reconstruction of a phantom with a known air volume imaged using the same clinical protocols. The appropriate air threshold values were applied to the clinical material. Results: Air volume was measured according to an acquisition algorithm. The average volume in the temporal bone CT group was 5.56 ml, compared to 5.19 ml in the head CT group (p = 0.59). The correlation coefficient between examiners was > 0.92. There was a wide range of aeration volumes among individual ears (0.76-18.84 ml); however, paired temporal bones differed by an average of just 1.11 ml. Conclusions: The method of volume measurement from 3D reconstruction reported here is widely available, easy to perform and produces consistent results among examiners. Application of the technique to archival CT data is possible using corrections for air segmentation thresholds according to acquisition parameters

  15. Cerebritis due to Listeria monocytogeneses: CT and MR findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Infections by Listeria monocytogenes are uncommon, with cerebritis being even rarer. We present three cases of cerebritis which occurred during an outbreak of listeriosis. The CT and MR findings at diagnosis and during follow-up are described. Predominant deep white matter lesions with nodular and ring enhancement were seen. The MR yielded a higher resolution of the lesions than CT. (orig.)

  16. CT and US findings of the renal metastases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seung Hyup [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-02-15

    To evaluate imaging characteristics of metastatic renal tumors in CT and US. Renal metastases were diagnosed in 25 patients by surgery (n = 2), US-guided biopsy (n = 15), or follow-up CT (n = 8). The primary tumors metastasized to kidney were lung cancer (n = 11), adenoid cystic carcinoma (n = 3), stomach cancer (n = 2), and choriocarcinoma (n = 2). Twelve cases involved one kidney and 13 involved both kidneys. CT was performed in all 25 patients while US was done in 14. We analysed CT findings in respect to number, size, shape, exophytic degree, margin, and degree and homogeneity of the contrast enhancement of the lesion; US findings in regand to echogenicity and homogeneity of the lesion. The average number of the lesions per patient seen on CT was three; average diameter of the lesion was 3.6 cm; and 75% (57/76) of all tumors had exophytic degree of 0%. The characteristic CT findings of metastatic renal tumors were round shape (52/76), ill-defined margin (54/76), and poor (76/76) and inhomogeneous (45/76) contrast enhancement. The echogenicity of the tumors were homogeneous (11/18) and isoechoic (10/18) on US. Metastatic renal tumors had a tendency of multiple, small, ill-marginated, and less-exophytic nature on CT, and homogeneous, isoechoic appearance on US. The familiarity with the constellation of CT and US findings of renal metastasis described may be helpful in making a correct diagnosis.

  17. Cerebritis due to Listeria monocytogeneses: CT and MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aladro, Y. [Dept. of Neurology, Hospital Nuestra Senora del Pino, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain); Ponce, P. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Hospital Nuestra Senora del Pino, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain); Santullano, V. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Hospital Nuestra Senora del Pino, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain); Angel-Moreno, A. [Dept. of Internal Medicine, Hospital Insular, Univ. of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain); Angel Santana, M. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Hospital Nuestra Senora del Pino, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)

    1996-04-01

    Infections by Listeria monocytogenes are uncommon, with cerebritis being even rarer. We present three cases of cerebritis which occurred during an outbreak of listeriosis. The CT and MR findings at diagnosis and during follow-up are described. Predominant deep white matter lesions with nodular and ring enhancement were seen. The MR yielded a higher resolution of the lesions than CT. (orig.)

  18. Infected aneurysm of abdominal aorta: early CT finding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Infected abdominal aortic aneurysm is an uncommon but life-threatening disease, especially in case of salmonella infection. Early CT findings should be well known in order to allow immediate diagnosis and accurate management. The authors present an early CT finding of a salmonella infected aneurysm of abdominal aorta in an HIV-infected patient. This pattern consists in a slight-enhancing focal densification of peri-aortic soft-tissue, while aorta remains of normal size. Within two weeks, infection progressed to the constitution of an infected aneurysm. This CT finding seems to be initial to previously described signs. (author)

  19. Multidetector CT findings of bowel Transection in blunt abdominal trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Though a number of CT findings of bowel and mesenteric injuries in blunt abdominal trauma are described in literature, no studies on the specific CT signs of a transected bowel have been published. In the present study we describe the incidence and new CT signs of bowel transection in blunt abdominal trauma. We investigated the incidence of bowel transection in 513 patients admitted for blunt abdominal trauma who underwent multidetector CT (MDCT). The MDCT findings of 8 patients with a surgically proven complete bowel transection were assessed retrospectively. We report novel CT signs that are unique for transection, such as complete cutoff sign (transection of bowel loop), Janus sign (abnormal dual bowel wall enhancement, both increased and decreased), and fecal spillage. The incidence of bowel transection in blunt abdominal trauma was 1.56%. In eight cases of bowel transection, percentage of CT signs unique for bowel transection were as follows: complete cutoff in 8 (100%), Janus sign in 6 (100%, excluding duodenal injury), and fecal spillage in 2 (25%). The combination of complete cutoff and Janus sign were highly specific findings in patients with bowel transection. Complete cut off and Janus sign are the unique CT findings to help detect bowel transection in blunt abdominal trauma and recognition of these findings enables an accurate and prompt diagnosis for emergency laparotomy leading to reduced mortality and morbidity.

  20. Multidetector CT findings of bowel Transection in blunt abdominal trauma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Hyun Suk; Woo, Ji Young; Hong, Hye Suk; Park, Mee Hyun; Yang, Ik; Lee, Yul; Jung, Ah Young; Hwang, Ji Young [Dept. of Radiology, Hallym University College of Medicine, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ha, Hong Il [Dept. of Radiology, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-08-15

    Though a number of CT findings of bowel and mesenteric injuries in blunt abdominal trauma are described in literature, no studies on the specific CT signs of a transected bowel have been published. In the present study we describe the incidence and new CT signs of bowel transection in blunt abdominal trauma. We investigated the incidence of bowel transection in 513 patients admitted for blunt abdominal trauma who underwent multidetector CT (MDCT). The MDCT findings of 8 patients with a surgically proven complete bowel transection were assessed retrospectively. We report novel CT signs that are unique for transection, such as complete cutoff sign (transection of bowel loop), Janus sign (abnormal dual bowel wall enhancement, both increased and decreased), and fecal spillage. The incidence of bowel transection in blunt abdominal trauma was 1.56%. In eight cases of bowel transection, percentage of CT signs unique for bowel transection were as follows: complete cutoff in 8 (100%), Janus sign in 6 (100%, excluding duodenal injury), and fecal spillage in 2 (25%). The combination of complete cutoff and Janus sign were highly specific findings in patients with bowel transection. Complete cut off and Janus sign are the unique CT findings to help detect bowel transection in blunt abdominal trauma and recognition of these findings enables an accurate and prompt diagnosis for emergency laparotomy leading to reduced mortality and morbidity.

  1. CT findings of fungal infection of maxillary sinuses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses has increased. However, the preoperative diagnosis is often difficult. We report four cases of fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses. Their CT scans. Showed: 1) A high density area in the homogeneous shadow. 2) A mass suspected of being a fungus ball surrounding the opening of the maxillary sinus to the nasal cavity. 3) Thickening of bone in the maxillary sinus except in the inner wall. These results indicate that CT scanning is useful in the diagnosis of fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses. (author)

  2. Bone SPECT and CT fusion imaging in pediatric neuroblastoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of bone SPECT and CT fusion imaging in bone metastases from pediatric neuroblastoma. Methods: Twenty-four pediatric patients with neuroblastoma were included in this retrospective study. All patients underwent planar imaging and SPECT integrated with CT. Lesion visibility,diagnostic certainty and diagnostic performance were evaluated with Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and χ2 test. Results: Lesion visibility of SPECT alone, SPECT integrated with CT were significantly better than that of planar imaging (both H=69.000, P<0.05). SPECT and CT fusion imaging, SPECT alone both detected five more bone lesions than planar bone imaging (77 vs 72). The diagnostic accuracy of SPECT imaging (62.34%, 48/77) was significantly higher than that of planar imaging (45.45%, 35/77; χ2=4.416, P<0.05). The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of SPECT and CT fusion imaging for diagnosing malignant bone lesions were significantly higher than those of planar imaging: 82.35% (42/51) vs 53.19% (25/47), 88.46% (23/26) vs 40.00% (10/25), 84.42% (65/77) vs 45.45% (35/77; χ2=12.571, 14.016, 25.667, all P<0.01). The diagnostic specificity and accuracy of SPECT and CT fusion imaging were significantly higher than those of SPECT alone (53.85%, 14/26; 62.34%, 48/77) (χ2=7.589, 9.606, both P<0.01). However, there was no significant difference of sensitivity between the two methods (χ2=2.942, P>0.05). Diagnostic certainty by SPECT and CT fusion imaging was significantly higher than that by SPECT alone (H=28.000, P<0.05) and by planar imaging (H=21.000, P<0.05). Conclusion: SPECT and CT fusion imaging can detect more bone lesions in patients with pediatric neuroblastoma. It is helpful for diagnosing bone metastases from pediatric neuroblastoma. (authors)

  3. CT findings of leukemic pulmonary infiltration with pathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to demonstrate the characteristic CT findings of leukemic pulmonary infiltration based on the pathologic findings. The CT findings of 11 leukemic patients with leukemic pulmonary infiltration were compared with those of 22 leukemic patients with other diseases as a control group. Evaluated pulmonary parenchymal CT findings included thickening of bronchovascular bundles and interlobular septa, prominence of peripheral pulmonary arteries, ground-glass opacities, air-space consolidation, and nodules. The CT-pathologic correlations for leukemic infiltration were evaluated in 7 patients. Frequent parenchymal CT findings were thickening of bronchovascular bundles (81.8%), prominence of peripheral pulmonary arteries (81.8%), and non-lobular and non-segmental ground-glass opacities (90.9%). The first two findings were significantly more frequently observed in leukemic infiltration than in the control group, had good interobserver agreement, and corresponded pathologically to leukemic cell infiltration around the pulmonary arteries, bronchi, or bronchioles. Non-lobular and non-segmental ground-glass opacity corresponded to leukemic cell infiltration within alveolar spaces and septa adjacent to the pulmonary arteries or bronchi and also corresponded to hemorrhage, edema, or diffuse alveolar damage. Thickening of bronchovascular bundles and prominence of peripheral pulmonary arteries are CT findings suggestive for leukemic infiltration and correspond to peribronchovascular tumor extension. (orig.)

  4. Squalene aspiration pneumonia : thin-section CT and histopathologic findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jin Seong; Gong, Gyung Yub; Lim, Tae Hwan [Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the thin-section computed tomography (CT) findings and histopathologic findings of squalene aspiration pneumonia. Thin-section CT scans were obtained from nine patients with proven exogenous lipoid pneumonia resulting from aspiration of squalene (derived from shark liver oil). The condition was diagnosed by biopsy (n=3), bronchoalveolar lavage(n=4), or sputum cytology and clinical history (n=2) of squalene use was confirmed in all patients. Specimens of transbronchial lung biopsy were also reviewed and compared with thin-section CT findings. On the basis of these results, we concluded that squalene aspiration pneumonia can be reliably diagnosed by thin-section CT findings particularly when the appropriate history is known. (author). 19 refs., 3 figs.

  5. Squalene aspiration pneumonia : thin-section CT and histopathologic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to describe the thin-section computed tomography (CT) findings and histopathologic findings of squalene aspiration pneumonia. Thin-section CT scans were obtained from nine patients with proven exogenous lipoid pneumonia resulting from aspiration of squalene (derived from shark liver oil). The condition was diagnosed by biopsy (n=3), bronchoalveolar lavage(n=4), or sputum cytology and clinical history (n=2) of squalene use was confirmed in all patients. Specimens of transbronchial lung biopsy were also reviewed and compared with thin-section CT findings. On the basis of these results, we concluded that squalene aspiration pneumonia can be reliably diagnosed by thin-section CT findings particularly when the appropriate history is known. (author). 19 refs., 3 figs

  6. Findings of skin and bones in mastocytosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The syndrome of mastocytosis can include isolated urticaria pigmentosa, systemic mastocytosis, or the extremely rare form of mast cell leucemia. Our investigations of many patients have shown more frequently than earlier suspected, that the mastocytosis is a systemic disease. The frequency of attacked bone marrow is noteworthy. Because of the inflammatorygranulomatous manifestation in bone marrow, considerations of the pathogenesis of an immune and reactive event are taken into account. The mast cell granulomas are mostly found in the endosteal region, which is the reason for frequenctly occurring bone lesions (half on all patients show bone lesions). The bone changes can develop generalized (osteoporosis-osteosclerosis) or localized (osteolytic-osteosclerotic foci). In clinical work bone biopsies and skeletal radiology are supplementing each other: bone biopsy and skin biopsy give the first diagnosis of mastocytosis and reveal the systemic disease; X-ray pictures give information of shape and dimension of the induced osteopathy. (orig.)

  7. Findings of skin and bones in mastocytosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohner, H.G.; Bartl, R.; Koischwitz, D.; Rodermund, O.E.

    1982-12-01

    The syndrome of mastocytosis can include isolated urticaria pigmentosa, systemic mastocytosis, or the extremely rare form of mast cell leucemia. Our investigations of many patients have shown more frequently than earlier suspected, that the mastocytosis is a systemic disease. The frequency of attacked bone marrow is noteworthy. Because of the inflammatory granulomatous manifestation in bone marrow, considerations of the pathogenesis of an immune and reactive event are taken into account. The mast cell granulomas are mostly found in the endosteal region, which is the reason for frequently occurring bone lesions (half of all patients show bone lesions). The bone changes can develop generalized (osteoporosis-osteosclerosis) or localized (osteolytic-osteosclerotic foci). In clinical work bone biopsies and skeletal radiology are supplementing each other: bone biopsy and skin biopsy give the first diagnosis of mastocytosis and reveal the systemic disease; X-ray pictures give information of shape and dimension of the induced osteopathy.

  8. CT findings of solitary intracranial metastasis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suh, Dae Chul; Lee, Kyung Soo; Chang, Kee Hyun [Collge of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1987-04-15

    The authors retrospectively reviewed and analyzed CT scans of fifty patients with solitary intracranial lesion selected from 118 patients who had been confirmed to have intracranial metastasis from 1979 to 1985. The results were as follows: 1. The most common primary tumors with solitary metastasis, in order of frequency, were lung cancer, breast cancer, choriocarcinoma, colon cancer, lymphoma and others. 2. Precontrast scans obtained in 35 cases showed cystic very low density in 20%, slightly low density in 9%, isodensity in 20%, high density in 51% when he densities of the lesions were compared with that of the normal brain tissue. 3. After contrast enhancement 43 out of 50 showed one of 4 patterns of enhancement. Homogeneous enhancement without necrosis were found in 26%, homogeneous enhancement with necrosis in 18%, ring-enhancement in 26% and irregular enhancement in 16%. No enhancement was found in 14%. 4. The locations of the metastatic lesions were intra axial in 45 and extra axial in 5. Among the intra axial lesions, the parietal lobe was the most common location. Extra axial metastases were epidural, calvarial and leptomeningeal. 5. Degrees of surrounding edema were mild in 32%, moderate in 19% and severe in 49%.

  9. CT findings of calcified herniated lumbar disc

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Hyo Kun; Lee, Jun Hyung [Chang Dong Armed Forces Evacuation Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1987-12-15

    Computed tomography (CT) of 10 calcified herniated lumber discs among 46 operated cases were analysed at the aspects of incidence, location, shape, etc. The results are as follows: 1. The incidence of calcification is 22% (10/46). 2. Among 10 cases, 3 cases are at the level of L4-5 disc space and 7 cases are at the level of L5-S1 disc space. 3. Central herniation (8 cases) are more common than posterolateral herniation (2 cases). 4. Linear or band-like calcifications in the periphery of herniated disc (annulus fibrosus type) are 6 cases and dense patchy calcification in the central portion of herniated disc (nucleus pulposus type) are 4 cases. 5. Two cases (50%) of 4 cases with nucleus pulposus type calcification were found to be ruptured at operation, but none of 6 annulus fibrous calcification types showed rupture. 6. Because more wide operation field and invasive exploration were required in calcified cases than non-calcified cases, it is suggested to evaluate the presence, location, and type of calcification in herniated disc in detail.

  10. [CT colonography: techniques of visualization and findings].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessling, J; Heindel, W

    2008-02-01

    Evaluation and interpretation of CT colonography is based on both 2D and 3D techniques. The 2D techniques are popular mainly because the time needed for evaluation is short. The 3D techniques allow better definition than the 2D techniques, especially of polyps close to folds or at the base of a fold. The evaluation strategies generally accepted so far (primarily 2D, with 3D for problem cases, or vice versa) demand knowledge of both 2D and 3D techniques. Newer 3D visualization techniques help make it possible to acquire more complete and faster recording particularly of areas that are not easily accessible to endoscopic examination. These user-friendly developments are thus well suited to improving the detection and the security of detection of polyps. It must be remembered that experience and the knowledge of associated artifacts and the limitations they can impose on diagnosis are prime requirements for the implementation of such visualization techniques. PMID:18210054

  11. CT findings of tracheal mucormycosis: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary mucormycosis is a opportunistic mycosis, typically occurring in immunocompromised or diabetic patients. It is characterized as an infection of the pulmonary parenchyma and larger bronchi, and involves extensive vascular thrombosis and tissue necrosis. A variety of CT findings have been reported, but tracheal involvement is extremely rare. We report the case of a patient with tracheal mucormycosis placing particular emphasis on the CT findings

  12. CT Scan Findings in Budd-Chiari Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donya Farrokh

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Background/Objective: Budd-Chiari syndrome occurs after hepatic venous outflow obstruction which is a cause of portal hypertension. CT scan is one of the main modalities in diagnosis and evaluation of the course of the disease."nPatients and Methods: We evaluated the CT findings in 21 patients with clinical evidence of hepatic venous outflow obstruction between 1384 and 1388. "nResults: Six patients presented with acute disease and 15 patients had chronic presentation. The diagnosis was made on the basis of clinical CT findings. In all patients the site of the block was detected in CT scan. The obstruction was in the hepatic vein in two patients, in the inferior vena cava in 18 and in both in one patient. In one patient, re-occlusion of the IVC stent was the cause of clinical presentation."nCT findings according to the chronicity of the course of the disease were, liver non-homogenous density changes, liver border irregularities, regenerative nodules, increased or decreased liver volume, splenomegaly, collateral venous formation, caudate lobe enlargement and ascites. We will show different aspects of CT findings in our patients."nConclusion: Hepatic venous outflow tract occlusion (Budd-Chiari syndrome is an uncommon disorder. CT scan is very helpful in diagnosis and follow-up of these patients.

  13. CT findings of small bowel rupture after abdominal trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The accuracy of CT in the detection of injuries of the solid visceral organ is well established, but the value of CT in diagnosing small bowel rupture after abdominal trauma is controversal. This study was conducted to ascertain CT finding of small bowel rupture result from abdominal trauma. A retrospective analysis of preoperative abdominal CT findings in 40 patients was performed. Small bowel rupture was confirmed by surgery. Precontrast and postcontrast enhanced CT images were obtained in all patients. Diagnostic findings of small bowel rupture including pneumoperitoneum or retroperitoneal air, discontinuity of the bowel wall and extravasation of oral contrast materials were observed in 33 cases(83%). Intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal free air was seen in 31 cases(78%) and intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal free fluid collection was seen in 38 patients(95%). Small bowel wall was thickened in 31 cases(78%), bowel wall was enhanced in 12 cases(30%) and bowel wall discontinuity and extravasation of oral contrast material was seen in 5 cases, respectively. The CT scan is sensitive and effective modality for evaluation of small bowel rupture after abdominal trauma, because of high detectability of diagnostic and suggestive CT findings

  14. Incidental internal carotid artery calcifications on temporal bone CT in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Incidental internal carotid artery (ICA) calcifications are occasionally noted on CT images of the brain and temporal bone. In adults, incidental calcifications have been correlated with increased incidence of hypercholesterolemia, cardiac disease, diabetes and carotid stenosis. To determine the incidence of incidental calcifications of the carotid siphon on temporal bone CT in children. We retrospectively reviewed 24 months of consecutive temporal bone CT examinations in children aged 18 years and younger. CT examinations on 663 patients were reviewed and the presence or absence of ICA calcifications was ranked as absent, questionable or definitive. In patients in whom definitive calcifications were identified, hospital charts were reviewed for evidence of diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperlipidemia and chronic renal disease as potential causes of early atherosclerosis. Of the 663 patients, 25% had definitive calcifications within the wall of the ICA: 6% of children younger than 2 years and 28% of children 12-19 years of age. Incidentally noted ICA calcifications are a common finding on temporal bone CT in children, most likely a physiologic response to turbulent flow at natural bends in the artery rather than secondary to underlying disease predisposing to early atherosclerotic calcification. (orig.)

  15. Incidental internal carotid artery calcifications on temporal bone CT in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koch, Bernadette; Jones, Blaise [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Blackham, Aaron [University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    2007-02-15

    Incidental internal carotid artery (ICA) calcifications are occasionally noted on CT images of the brain and temporal bone. In adults, incidental calcifications have been correlated with increased incidence of hypercholesterolemia, cardiac disease, diabetes and carotid stenosis. To determine the incidence of incidental calcifications of the carotid siphon on temporal bone CT in children. We retrospectively reviewed 24 months of consecutive temporal bone CT examinations in children aged 18 years and younger. CT examinations on 663 patients were reviewed and the presence or absence of ICA calcifications was ranked as absent, questionable or definitive. In patients in whom definitive calcifications were identified, hospital charts were reviewed for evidence of diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperlipidemia and chronic renal disease as potential causes of early atherosclerosis. Of the 663 patients, 25% had definitive calcifications within the wall of the ICA: 6% of children younger than 2 years and 28% of children 12-19 years of age. Incidentally noted ICA calcifications are a common finding on temporal bone CT in children, most likely a physiologic response to turbulent flow at natural bends in the artery rather than secondary to underlying disease predisposing to early atherosclerotic calcification. (orig.)

  16. CT findings of bowel injury following blunt abdominal trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the diagnostic value of CT, the author retrospectively reviewed preoperative CT findings of 57 cases with surgically proven bowel injury following blunt trauma. The small bowel injuries were divided into two groups, i.e., those without mesenteric injury, group A, and those with mesenteric injury, group B. The incidence of CT findings including extraluminal air, bowel wall thickening, peritoneal fluid, mesenteric thickening, and high density hematoma, were determined. CT findings were also assessed by time intervals between injury and examination. CT scans of small bowel injury were compared with those of surgically proven 25 cases of mesenteric injury without bowel injury, group C. CT showed findings suggestive of bowel injury in 96.4% of the cases. There were 5 false negative CT scans, which consisted of 4 small bowel and one large bowel injuries, all performed within 2 hours from injury. The patients in group A small bowel injury had a higher incidence of pneumoperitoneum on CT scans performed over 4 hours after injury than on those performed within 4 hours. Bowel wall thickening was more frequent in group A than in group B or C. Peritoneal fluid collection within 4 hours from injury was less frequent in group A than in group B or C. High density hematoma was more frequent in group B and C than in group A. The analysis suggested that early diagnosis of isolated small bowel injury was difficult because of lack of signs indicating mesenteric injury. In these cases bowel wall thickening appeared earlier, then peritoneal fluid developed, with and without mesenteric thickening or extraluminal air. Thus in those with suspicion of bowel injury, bowel wall thickening on initial CT should be carefully followed up in regard to additional or progressive findings. Operative indication can be determined with careful clinical correlation before detection of extraluminal air. (K.H.)

  17. CT Guided Bone Biopsy Using a Battery Powered Intraosseous Device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schnapauff, Dirk, E-mail: dirk.schnapauff@charite.de; Marnitz, Tim, E-mail: tim.marnitz@charite.de; Freyhardt, Patrick, E-mail: Patrick.freyhardt@charite.de; Collettini, Federico, E-mail: Federico.collettini@charite.de [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Radiology (Germany); Hartwig, Kerstin, E-mail: kerstin.hartwig@charite.de [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Charite Mitte, Department of Haematology and Oncology (Germany); Joehrens, Korinna, E-mail: korinna.joehrens@charite.de [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Charite Mitte, Department of Pathology (Germany); Hamm, Bernd, E-mail: bernd.hamm@charite.de; Kroencke, Thomas, E-mail: thomas.kroencke@charite.de; Gebauer, Bernhard, E-mail: Bernhard.gebauer@charite.de [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Radiology (Germany)

    2013-10-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of a battery powered intraosseous device to perform CT-fluoroscopy guided bone biopsy. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 12 patients in whom bone specimen were acquired from different locations under CT-fluoroscopy guidance using the OnControl bone marrow biopsy system (OBM, Vidacare, Shavano Park, TX, USA). Data of the 12 were compared to a historic cohort in whom the specimen were acquired using the classic Jamshidi Needle, as reference needle using manual force for biopsy. Results: Technical success was reached in 11 of 12 cases, indicated by central localisation of the needle within the target lesion. All specimen sampled were sufficient for histopathological workup. Compared to the historical cohort the time needed for biopsy decreased significantly from 13 {+-} 6 to 6 {+-} 4 min (P = 0.0001). Due to the shortened intervention time the radiation dose (CTDI) during CT-fluoroscopy was lowered significantly from 169 {+-} 87 to 111 {+-} 54 mGy Multiplication-Sign cm (P = 0.0001). Interventional radiologists were confident with the performance of the needle especially when using in sclerotic or osteoblastic lesions. Conclusion: The OBM is an attractive support for CT-fluoroscopy guided bone biopsy which is safe tool and compared to the classical approach using the Jamshidi needle leading to significantly reduced intervention time and radiation exposure.

  18. 18F-Fluoride PET/CT is highly effective for excluding bone metastases even in patients with equivocal bone scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bone scintigraphy (BS) has been used extensively for many years for the diagnosis of bone metastases despite its low specificity and significant rate of equivocal lesions. 18F-Fluoride PET/CT has been proven to have a high sensitivity and specificity in the detection of malignant bone lesions, but its effectiveness in patients with inconclusive lesions on BS is not well documented. This study evaluated the ability of 18F-fluoride PET/CT to exclude bone metastases in patients with various malignant primary tumours and nonspecific findings on BS. We prospectively studied 42 patients (34-88 years of age, 26 women) with different types of tumour. All patients had BS performed for staging or restaging purposes but with inconclusive findings. All patients underwent 18F-fluoride PET/CT. All abnormalities identified on BS images were visually compared with their appearance on the PET/CT images. All the 96 inconclusive lesions found on BS images of the 42 patients were identified on PET/CT images. 18F-Fluoride PET/CT correctly excluded bone metastases in 23 patients (68 lesions). Of 19 patients (28 lesions) classified by PET/CT as having metastases, 3 (5 lesions) were finally classified as free of bone metastases on follow-up. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 18F-fluoride PET/CT were, respectively, 100 %, 88 %, 84 % and 100 % for the identification of patients with metastases (patient analysis) and 100 %, 82 % and 100 % for the identification of metastatic lesions (lesion analysis). The factors that make BS inconclusive do not affect 18F-fluoride PET/CT which shows a high sensitivity and negative predictive value for excluding bone metastases even in patients with inconclusive conventional BS. (orig.)

  19. {sup 18}F-Fluoride PET/CT is highly effective for excluding bone metastases even in patients with equivocal bone scintigraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bortot, Daniel C.; Amorim, Barbara J.; Oki, Glaucia C.; Santos, Allan O.; Lima, Mariana C.L.; Etchebehere, Elba C.S.C.; Ramos, Celso Dario [State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Avenue Zeferino Vaz, S/N., PO Box 6149, Campinas (Brazil); Gapski, Sergio B. [Medicina Nuclear Diagnostico e Terapia, Nuclear Medicine Clinic, Campinas (Brazil); Barboza, Marycel F.; Mengatti, Jair [Nuclear and Energy Research Institute (IPEN)-CNEN, Radiopharmacy Directory, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2012-11-15

    Bone scintigraphy (BS) has been used extensively for many years for the diagnosis of bone metastases despite its low specificity and significant rate of equivocal lesions. {sup 18}F-Fluoride PET/CT has been proven to have a high sensitivity and specificity in the detection of malignant bone lesions, but its effectiveness in patients with inconclusive lesions on BS is not well documented. This study evaluated the ability of {sup 18}F-fluoride PET/CT to exclude bone metastases in patients with various malignant primary tumours and nonspecific findings on BS. We prospectively studied 42 patients (34-88 years of age, 26 women) with different types of tumour. All patients had BS performed for staging or restaging purposes but with inconclusive findings. All patients underwent {sup 18}F-fluoride PET/CT. All abnormalities identified on BS images were visually compared with their appearance on the PET/CT images. All the 96 inconclusive lesions found on BS images of the 42 patients were identified on PET/CT images. {sup 18}F-Fluoride PET/CT correctly excluded bone metastases in 23 patients (68 lesions). Of 19 patients (28 lesions) classified by PET/CT as having metastases, 3 (5 lesions) were finally classified as free of bone metastases on follow-up. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of {sup 18}F-fluoride PET/CT were, respectively, 100 %, 88 %, 84 % and 100 % for the identification of patients with metastases (patient analysis) and 100 %, 82 % and 100 % for the identification of metastatic lesions (lesion analysis). The factors that make BS inconclusive do not affect {sup 18}F-fluoride PET/CT which shows a high sensitivity and negative predictive value for excluding bone metastases even in patients with inconclusive conventional BS. (orig.)

  20. CT findings of central nervous system in congenital syphilis infant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the CT features of the central nervous system in congenital syphilis infant. Methods: CT findings of central nervous system in 11 infants with clinically proved congenital syphilis were analyzed retrospectively. Results: CT findings in 10 syphilis neonates were diffuse hypodense lesions in the white matter, with subarachnoid and intra-encephalic hemorrhage in 3 and 1 cases, respectively. One 2-month-old syphilis infant case and 5 cases of follow-up after 45 days to 6 months of treatment demonstrated bilateral widened sulci and cistern with enlarged ventricles in 3 of them. Conclusion: CT findings of the central nervous system in congenital syphilis infant are similar to those of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in neonates, and extra-encephalic hydrocephalus or brain hypogenesis ensues later on. (authors)

  1. Mucoceles in post-operative maxillary sinuses: CT and MR findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study describes the CT and MR findings of mucoceles occurred in the post-operative maxillary sinuses. CT and/or MR of 19 maxillary mucoceles in 16 patients who had been operated by Caldwell-Luc procedure were reviewed. CT scans were performed after contrast enhancement in axial and coronal planes with 5mm thickness. Three cases were studied with a 2.0 T or 0.5 T MRI, which demonstrated multi-compartment lesions. The lesions were bilateral in 3 cases. Compartmentalization of the antral cavity was seen in 7 out of 19 involved sinuses. Surgical bone defect of the anterior wall was the most frequent route of extension (11 cases) and extension into the infratemporal fossa with erosion of posterolateral wall was seen in 7 lesions. In 6 cases, the lesion involved orbit. The expansile and erosive bone changes were localized in every case. In one case with multi-compartment lesion, both T1-and T2-weighted MR images showed different signal intensities in each compartment which represented different protein concentration. Post-operative maxillary mucocele showed CT findings of localized erosion and bulging most frequently at the anterior wall in which the bone windows were made during he previous surgery. Post-operative compartmentalization of maxillary antrum may cause eccentric expansion of mucocele and each compartment may show different signal intensities on MR

  2. Benign and malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors: CT findings and pathology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Through a study of CT findings and the corresponding pathology of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), to improve the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant GIST. Methods: CT was performed in 25 patients with GIST confirmed by pathohistology and the images were analyzed retrospectively. CT images were compared with the corresponding pathological results, in which the benign and the malignant CT features were concluded. Results In 6 cases of benign GIST, all lesions were oval-shaped and well-defined. 5 cases out of 6 were smaller than Scm in diameter. The CT value increased over 25HU during contrast-enhancement in 5 cases. And there was no central hemorrhage and necrosis or involvement of adjacent organs. In 12 cases of malignant GIST, all tumor's were oval-shaped or lobulated. 10 cases out of 12 were larger than 5 cm in diameter. CT value was elevated over 2$HU in 9 cases during contrast-enhancement. Central hemorrhage and necrosis were found in 7 cases. The involvement of adjacent organs or metastasis was revealed in 9 cases. 7 cases of low grade malignant GIST shared various CT findings with the malignant or benign GIST. The size, non-enhanced density, adjacent involvement, distal metastasis, central hemorrhage and necrosis between malignant tumor and benign tumor were statistically different (p<0.01), while no statistical difference was found in increased CT value during contrast-enhancement, positive rate of immuno-histochemistry, or cell type. Conclusion GIST is lack of clinical, pathological, and CT imaging characterizes, and final diagnosis should be made with immunohistochemistry. But CT reveals the details of GIST and involvement of adjacent organs, which plays an important role in differential diagnosis of benign or malignant GIST and post-operative follow-up. (authors)

  3. CT findings in silicosis due to denim sandblasting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to describe the findings of CT performed on denim sandblasters with silicosis. Fifty consecutive male patients with silicosis were evaluated. Their clinical data and pulmonary function tests (PFT) were obtained. The CT findings were recorded and the correlations between CT nodular profusion score and the other parameters were assessed. The diagnoses of the patients were classified as accelerated silicosis (n = 43) and acute silicosis (n = 7). The most common CT finding was centrilobular nodules. Twenty-three patients had complicated silicosis based on pleural involvement and presence of progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). Lymphadenopathy (LAP) was positive in 50% of the patients, with calcification in 24%. The CT grade was highly correlated with the clinical data such as exposure duration and PFT. Our findings suggest that the clinical manifestation of silicosis in denim sandblasters is severe. Although the duration of exposure is shorter the rate of complicated silicosis patients with pleural involvement was unexpectedly higher in the cases. Because the most common radiological appearance was nodules and the CT grading of the nodules was highly correlated with the clinical data, nodule grading may be used in the management of such cases. (orig.)

  4. CT findings of lymphofollicular thymic hyperplasia in adult myasthenia gravis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the CT findings of lymphofollicular thymic hyperplasia in adult myasthenia gravis (MG). Methods: The CT findings of thymus area of 134 adult patients with lymphofollicular thymic hyperplasia in MG were reviewed, all of them with surgically and histologically proven diagnosis, and compared with the CT findings of 165 normal subjects. Results: In the group of patient, CT showed enlargement of thymus in 31 patients, 5 patients had nodule or mass (3 cm) and 9 patients (6.7%) had normal size thymus with soft-tissue density, it can considered with thymic hyperplasia. The spotty or streak shadow showed in other patients, though it could not be certain diagnosed as thymic hyperplasia, but could not be except it. The thymus area tissue complete replacement by fatty density were not found in patient group. The CT findings of patients had marked difference when compared with group of normal subjects (P<0.01), except the spotty or streak shadows. Conclusion: CT scan is an important method in diagnosing thymic lymphofollicular hyperplasia of MG in adult. (authors)

  5. Thin-section CT findings of arc-welders pneumoconiosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To describe the thin-section CT findings of arc-welders pneumoconiosis. Eighty-five arc-welders with a three to 30 (mean, 15)- year history of exposure underwent thin-section CT scanning. The extent of abnormalities detected was correlated with the severity of dyspnea and pulmonary function tests. For comparison, images of 43 smoking males (mean 25 pack-year) who underwent thin-section CT for other reasons (smokers' group) were also analyzed. Fifty-four welders (63.5%) and six smokers (14.0%) showed positive findings. Predominant thin-section CT findings were poorly-defined centrilobular micronodules (30/54, 55.6%), branching linear structure (18/54, 33.3%), and ground-glass attenuation (6/54, 11.1%). In the smokers group, poorly-defined micronodules were found in four patients, branching linear structures in one, and ground-glass attenuation in one. In welders, the extent of abnormalities seen on thin-section CT showed no significant correlation with the severity of dyspnea or the results of pulmonary function test. Poorly-defined centrilobular micronodules and branching linear structures were the thin-section CT findings most frequently seen in patients with arc-welders pneumoconiosis. Less commonly, extensive ground-glass attenuation was also seen

  6. CT findings in silicosis due to denim sandblasting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alper, Fatih [Atatuerk University, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Erzurum (Turkey); Atatuerk Ueniversitesi, Erzurum (Turkey); Akgun, Metin; Araz, Omer [Atatuerk University, Department of Chest Diseases, School of Medicine, Erzurum (Turkey); Onbas, Omer [Atatuerk University, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Erzurum (Turkey)

    2008-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to describe the findings of CT performed on denim sandblasters with silicosis. Fifty consecutive male patients with silicosis were evaluated. Their clinical data and pulmonary function tests (PFT) were obtained. The CT findings were recorded and the correlations between CT nodular profusion score and the other parameters were assessed. The diagnoses of the patients were classified as accelerated silicosis (n = 43) and acute silicosis (n = 7). The most common CT finding was centrilobular nodules. Twenty-three patients had complicated silicosis based on pleural involvement and presence of progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). Lymphadenopathy (LAP) was positive in 50% of the patients, with calcification in 24%. The CT grade was highly correlated with the clinical data such as exposure duration and PFT. Our findings suggest that the clinical manifestation of silicosis in denim sandblasters is severe. Although the duration of exposure is shorter the rate of complicated silicosis patients with pleural involvement was unexpectedly higher in the cases. Because the most common radiological appearance was nodules and the CT grading of the nodules was highly correlated with the clinical data, nodule grading may be used in the management of such cases. (orig.)

  7. Pathogenesis and CT findings of primary pulmonary fungal infection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary pulmonary fungal infection occurs in immunocompetent hosts without underlying lesions. In the clinic, the most common pathogenic fungal are cryptococcus (cryptococcus neoformans) and aspergillus. Due to the increased incidence of the disease, the misdiagnosis rate and mortality, it has great clinical importance to study the clinical and CT features. By reviewing the recent domestic and overseas literatures, the definition, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations. clinical diagnosis, and CT findings of primary pulmonary fungal infection are summarized. (authors)

  8. Micro-pleural Metastasis Without Effusion: CT and US Findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Na, Hyoung Il; Yoo, Seung Min; Kim, Yang Soo; Lee, Hwa Yeon; Song, In Sup; Shim, Hyung Jin; Kwak, Byung Kook; Shin, Jong Wook [Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-09-15

    Pleural metastasis from malignancy is commonly combined with effusion. We report the ultrasonographic and CT findings in a rare case of micro-pleural metastasis without effusion. A 34-year-old male patient with lung cancer underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), prior to open thoracotomy. VATS revealed multiple metastatic micronodules on the pleura, which were overlooked on the preoperative CT scan. The HRCT images and chest ultrasonograms showed clear evidence of pleural micro-nodules

  9. Castleman disease of the neck: CT and MR imaging findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To characterize the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of Castleman disease of the neck. Methods: The imaging findings of 21 patients with Castleman disease of the neck were reviewed retrospectively. Of the 21 patients, 16 underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced CT scans; 5 underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI scans. Results: The unenhanced CT images showed isolated or multiple well-defined homogenous mild hypodensity lesions in fifteen cases, and a heterogeneous nodule with central areas of mild hypodensity in one case. Calcification was not observed in any of the patients. In five patients, MR T1-weighted images revealed well-defined, homogeneous isointense or mild hyperintense lesions to the muscle; T2-weighted images showed these as intermediate hyperintense. Sixteen cases showed intermediate to marked homogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT or MR T1-weighted images. Of the other five cases that underwent double-phase CT scans, four showed mild or intermediate heterogeneous enhancement at the arterial phase, and homogeneous intermediate or marked enhancement at the venous phase; the remaining case showed mild and intermediate ring-enhancement with a central non-enhanced area at the arterial and venous phases, respectively. Conclusion: Castleman disease of the neck can be characterized as solitary or multiple well-defined, mild hypodensity or homogeneous intense lesions on plain CT/MR scans, and demonstrates intermediate and marked enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT/MR scans. On double-phase CT scans, Castleman disease often demonstrates mild enhancement at the arterial phase, and gradually uniform enhancement at venous phase. Double-phase enhanced CT or MRI may help to differentiate Castleman disease from other diseases

  10. Sequential analysis of CT findings in herpes simplex encephalitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawamura, Mitsuru; Tokumaru, Yukio; Ito, Naoki; Yamada, Tatsuo; Hirayama, Keizo (Chiba Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine)

    1982-09-01

    CT findings of six patients with serologically confirmed herpes simplex encephalitis were analyzed sequentially. The initial change in CT scan in 3 cases was generalized cerebral edema instead of low density areas in the anterior temporal lobes, which have generally been known as the initial findings. Then, bilateral (5 cases) or unilateral (1 case) island-shaped low absorption areas in the insular cortex and the claustrum appeared within 10 days of onset in all 6 cases. These findings, especially the latter, seem to be characteristic of the acute stage and useful in the early diagnosis of herpes simplex encephalitis. The low density areas, then, spread to the temporal lobes, rectal and cingulate gyri in the subacute stage (3 cases) and finally to the frontal and occipital lobes in the chronic stage (2 cases). In the basal ganglia, thalamus, brain stem and cerebellum, however, there were no low density areas. In 2 cases there was no progression of low density areas beyond those of the acute stage. In one case there were high density areas in the temporal lobes and parapontine cisterns bilaterally. This could correspond to the pathological findings in herpes simplex encephalitis. The improvement of CT findings (or arrest at the early stage) was noted in 2 cases in which the clinical state also improved. This might well be the effect of adenine arabinoside. The one case treated with cytosine arabinoside had extensive low density areas in CT and finally died. The importance of CT in the evaluation of adenine arabinoside therapy was stressed.

  11. CT findings of pleural dissemination from lung cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choe, Du Hwan; Sohn, Jeong Eun; Lee, Tae Hyun; Kim, Kie Hwan; Chin, Soo Yil; Zo, Jae Il [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-12-01

    The purpose of our study was to identify the CT findings that help detect pleural dissemination from lung cancer and to evaluate the usefulness of selected diagnostic criteria. After a computerized database search of 606 patients who had undergone thoracotomy for primary lung cancer, 23 patients were identified as having surgically documented pleural dissemination. From the same database, 50 patients without pleural dissemination during thoracotomy were randomly selected as controls. Preoperative CT scans and medical records were reviewed retrospectively, and findings were compared between the tow groups. One or more of three types of pleural thickening (plaque-like, nodular, and fissural) were identified on CT as the most discriminating finding (sensitivity, 74%;specificity, 60%;p=0.007). The following findings were also significantly discriminating (p<0.05): contiguity of primary tumor with the pleural surface as seen on CT;adenocarcinoma in cell type; and a peripheral tumor defined as one in which bron-choscopy revealed no endobronchial lesion. The use of combinations of these findings in addition to pleural thickening rendered diagnostic criteria more specific at the cost of the sensitivity. During preoperative CT evaluation of lung cancer, the recopnition of subtle pleural thickening helps detect pleural dissemination. The likelihood that subtle pleural thickening represents pleural dissemination is increased when a primary tumor is contiguous with the pleural surface, is an adenocarcinoma, or is peripherally located.

  12. CT findings of pleural dissemination from lung cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of our study was to identify the CT findings that help detect pleural dissemination from lung cancer and to evaluate the usefulness of selected diagnostic criteria. After a computerized database search of 606 patients who had undergone thoracotomy for primary lung cancer, 23 patients were identified as having surgically documented pleural dissemination. From the same database, 50 patients without pleural dissemination during thoracotomy were randomly selected as controls. Preoperative CT scans and medical records were reviewed retrospectively, and findings were compared between the tow groups. One or more of three types of pleural thickening (plaque-like, nodular, and fissural) were identified on CT as the most discriminating finding (sensitivity, 74%;specificity, 60%;p=0.007). The following findings were also significantly discriminating (p<0.05): contiguity of primary tumor with the pleural surface as seen on CT;adenocarcinoma in cell type; and a peripheral tumor defined as one in which bron-choscopy revealed no endobronchial lesion. The use of combinations of these findings in addition to pleural thickening rendered diagnostic criteria more specific at the cost of the sensitivity. During preoperative CT evaluation of lung cancer, the recopnition of subtle pleural thickening helps detect pleural dissemination. The likelihood that subtle pleural thickening represents pleural dissemination is increased when a primary tumor is contiguous with the pleural surface, is an adenocarcinoma, or is peripherally located

  13. PET/CT imaging in lung cancer: indications and findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Hochhegger

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The use of PET/CT imaging in the work-up and management of patients with lung cancer has greatly increased in recent decades. The ability to combine functional and anatomical information has equipped PET/CT to look into various aspects of lung cancer, allowing more precise disease staging and providing useful data during the characterization of indeterminate pulmonary nodules. In addition, the accuracy of PET/CT has been shown to be greater than is that of conventional modalities in some scenarios, making PET/CT a valuable noninvasive method for the investigation of lung cancer. However, the interpretation of PET/CT findings presents numerous pitfalls and potential confounders. Therefore, it is imperative for pulmonologists and radiologists to familiarize themselves with the most relevant indications for and limitations of PET/CT, seeking to protect their patients from unnecessary radiation exposure and inappropriate treatment. This review article aimed to summarize the basic principles, indications, cancer staging considerations, and future applications related to the use of PET/CT in lung cancer.

  14. CT findings of cerebral palsy and behaviour development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakamoto, Zenji

    1987-06-01

    It is well recognized that CT scan is very useful in the early diagnosis of cerebral palsy. The author has studied this time the CT scan findings of cerebral palsy children in their relations to the type of palsy, cause of palsy, complications in the central nervous system, and prognosis of behaviour development, in order to predict the prognosis of behaviour development. Dilatation of the contralateral cerebral ventricle was found in 82 % of hemiplegic type. Abnormal EEG was found in 73 %, but their behaviour development was satisfactory, with good development of speech regardless to the side of palsy. This might be helped by compensational function of the brain due to plasticity. Diplegia presented bilateral moderate dilatation of ventricles with favorable prognosis. Tetraplegia was caused mostly by asphyxia or congenital anomaly and revealed marked dilatation of ventricles or severe cortical atrophy. Some cases presented diffuse cortical low-density, often associated with abnormal EEG, and their prognosis was worst. Athetosis had normal CT finding or mild ventricular dilatation, but all cases of ataxia presented normal CT findings. Hypotonia had mild ventricular dilatation. Two of three mixed type cases had normal CT findings and another had mild ventricular dilatation. No correlation was found between ventricular dilatation and behaviour development, but statistically significant difference was found in the cases with 30 % or more Evans' ratio (P < 0.05). Prognosis of severe ventricular dilatation cases was poor.

  15. Pediatric renal leukemia: spectrum of CT imaging findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The kidneys are a site of extramedullary leukemic disease that can be readily detected by CT. To demonstrate the spectrum of CT findings in children with renal leukemic involvement. Twelve children were identified retrospectively as having renal leukemic involvement by contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen. Contrast-enhanced CT images through the kidneys of each patient were reviewed by two pediatric radiologists. Pertinent imaging findings and renal lengths were documented. The electronic medical record was accessed to obtain relevant clinical and pathologic information. Five patients with renal leukemic involvement presented with multiple bilateral low-attenuation masses, while three patients demonstrated large areas of wedge-shaped and geographic low attenuation. Four other patients presented with unique imaging findings, including a solitary unilateral low-attenuation mass, solitary bilateral low-attenuation masses, multiple bilateral low-attenuation masses including unilateral large conglomerate masses, and bilateral areas of ill-defined parenchymal low attenuation. Two patients showed unilateral nephromegaly, while eight other patients showed bilateral nephromegaly. Two patients had normal size kidneys. Two patients had elevated serum creatinine concentrations at the time of imaging. Renal leukemic involvement in children can present with a variety of CT imaging findings. Focal renal abnormalities as well as nephromegaly are frequently observed. Most commonly, renal leukemic involvement does not appear to impair renal function. (orig.)

  16. CT findings of cerebral palsy and behaviour development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is well recognized that CT scan is very useful in the early diagnosis of cerebral palsy. The author has studied this time the CT scan findings of cerebral palsy children in their relations to the type of palsy, cause of palsy, complications in the central nervous system, and prognosis of behaviour development, in order to predict the prognosis of behaviour development. Dilatation of the contralateral cerebral ventricle was found in 82 % of hemiplegic type. Abnormal EEG was found in 73 %, but their behaviour development was satisfactory, with good development of speech regardless to the side of palsy. This might be helped by compensational function of the brain due to plasticity. Diplegia presented bilateral moderate dilatation of ventricles with favorable prognosis. Tetraplegia was caused mostly by asphyxia or congenital anomaly and revealed marked dilatation of ventricles or severe cortical atrophy. Some cases presented diffuse cortical low-density, often associated with abnormal EEG, and their prognosis was worst. Athetosis had normal CT finding or mild ventricular dilatation, but all cases of ataxia presented normal CT findings. Hypotonia had mild ventricular dilatation. Two of three mixed type cases had normal CT findings and another had mild ventricular dilatation. No correlation was found between ventricular dilatation and behaviour development, but statistically significant difference was found in the cases with 30 % or more Evans' ratio (P < 0.05). Prognosis of severe ventricular dilatation cases was poor. (author)

  17. Diffuse Hypermetabolism at Bone Marrow in F-18 FDG PET/CT: Correlation with Bone Marrow Biopsy and Complete Blood Cell Counts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Yun Hee; Lim, Seok Tae; Jeong, Young Jin; Kim, Dong Wook; Jeong, Hwan Jeong; Sohn, Myung Hee [Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-02-15

    Increased FDG uptake in the bone marrow has been reported in patients taking erythropoietin or granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between F-18 FDG uptake in the bone marrow and bone marrow finding, hematological parameters. Twenty patients who had diffuse FDG uptake at the bone marrow and received hematological examinations, bone marrow biopsy within 10 days before or after PET/CT were enrolled in this study. Among them, 11 patients were excluded; 4 patients received G-CSF or erythropoietin before PET/CT. Seven patients showed definite pathology in a bone marrow biopsy. The parameters included the measurement of WBC, hemoglobin, platelet and cellularity of the bone marrow. Bone marrow FDG uptake was correlated with a low hemoglobin but not WBC, platelet. Histopathologic findings in marrow biopsies were various: normal finding (n=3), hyperplasia of granulocytic cells (n=2), eosinophilic hyperplasia (n=1), reactive lymphoid nodules (n=1), hypercelluar marrow (n=1), hypocelluar marrow (n=1). All patients except two, showed normal marrow celluarity. FDG uptake by bone marrow correlated with anemia but not WBC, platelet, bone marrow cellularity.

  18. Esophageal injuries: Spectrum of multidetector row CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lutio di Castelguidone, Elisabetta de [Department of Radiology, I.N.T., IRCCS Fondazione G. Pascale, Via M. Semmola, I-80131 Naples (Italy)]. E-mail: e.delutio@virgilio.it; Merola, Stefanella [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, ' A. Cardarelli' Hospital, I-80131 Naples (Italy); Pinto, Antonio [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, ' A. Cardarelli' Hospital, I-80131 Naples (Italy); Raissaki, Maria [Department of Radiology, University Hospital of Iraklion, University of Crete Medical School, P.O. Box 1352, 711 10 Iraklion Crete (Greece); Gagliardi, Nicola [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, ' A. Cardarelli' Hospital, I-80131 Naples (Italy); Romano, Luigia [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, ' A. Cardarelli' Hospital, I-80131 Naples (Italy)

    2006-09-15

    Background: Aim of this study is to illustrate the multidetector row computed tomographic findings related to oesophageal injuries and their significance for therapeutic decisions. Method: From April 2002 to April 2005 we studied 16 patients with suspected oesophageal injury. Ten patients underwent standard chest radiograph, while five patients with suspected foreign body ingestion were submitted to cervical plain film and gastrografin swallow study. All 16 patients underwent multidetector row CT examination. Results: In six patients with cervical, thoracic and abdominal trauma, CT showed the presence of thoracic traumatic lesions and findings suggestive of perforation of the oesophagus. In five patients with foreign body ingestion cervical radiography was positive in only one case, while CT showed the presence of a foreign body in all cases. In three patients with post-intubation complications, CT showed the presence of perioesophageal fluid collection containing small gas bubbles in two cases and an oesophageal-aortic fistula in one case. In the remaining two patients with suspected spontaneous oesophageal perforation, CT demonstrated an oesophageal wall oedema and thickening in one case, and oesophageal fluid distension with perioesophageal small bubbles gas and fluid in the second case. Conclusion: Oesophageal injuries, when complicated with perforation, constitute a life-threatening condition. Knowledge of the CT signs of oesophageal injuries has important implications for the role of imaging at the time of initial diagnosis.

  19. Spongiform leucoencephalopathy after inhaling heroin vapor: CT and MRI findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore CT and MRI features of spongiform leucoencephalopathy after inhaling 'heroin' pyrolysate, and to improve the diagnostic ability of the disease. Methods: Four patients, which inhaled heroin vapor, received the CT or MRI pre- and post-contrast scanning. MR sequences included conventional SE T1WI, T2WI, fluid attenuation inverse recover (FLAIR), and MRS. Results: All 4 cases had similar symmetrical lesions involving the cerebellum, lateral brainstem, cerebral peduncles, posterior limbs of internal capsule, splenium of corpus callosum, medial lemniscuses, and posterior cerebral white mattes without enhancement. The lesions showed hypodense on CT and hypointense on T1WI, hyperintense on T2WI and FLAIR. Cerebellar lesions were more serious than cerebral one, and the parieto-occipital lesions were serious than frontal one. MRS showed that the abnormalities in the white matter were degenerative changes, not necrosis. Conclusion: CT and MRI findings of this diseases are characteristic. Combined with the history, the disease can be diagnosed

  20. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the maxillary sinus: CT and MRI findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To characterize the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) of the maxillary sinus. Materials and methods: The imaging findings of eight patients with IMTs of the maxillary sinus were reviewed retrospectively. Of the eight patients, four patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced CT, and one patient underwent unenhanced CT only; three patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Results: Five cases of IMTs occurred in the left maxillary sinus, while three cases were right-sided. Four cases occupied the entire sinus, and the other four cases only partially occupied the sinus. Unenhanced CT images showed heterogeneous masses in four cases and a homogeneous mass in one case. One of the tumours showed some areas of calcification. T1-weighted MRI images showed isointense lesions. T2-weighted images showed mixed isointense and mild hyperintense lesions. All cases showed bone destruction and had infiltrated into the nasal fossa, orbit, infratemporal fossa, and other adjacent tissues. Seven cases showed mild to moderate heterogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT or T1-weighted MRI images. Conclusion: IMTs of the maxillary sinus can be characterized as a soft-tissue mass with bony destruction and infiltration of the adjacent tissues, with mild to moderate enhancement after the injection of contrast medium. CT and MRI can help to diagnose IMTs, determine the extent of the lesion and its relationship with adjacent tissues, and thus facilitate the prediction of surgical resectability.

  1. Studies on CT findings and operation findings for acute appendicitis in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pediatric CT findings of acute appendicitis were reviewed retrospectively. The subjects were 29 patients (15 boys and 14 girls with an average age of 8.2 years), consisting of 17 with necrotic, 8 with phlegmonous inflammatory, and 4 with catarrhal appendicitis. CT findings were compared with the degree of inflammation. CT revealed abscess in 64.7%, 12.5%, and 0% for necrotic, phlegmonous inflammatory, and catarrhal types, respectively, and 41.4% for all types. An enlarged appendicitis was shown on CT in 86.2% (25/29). Fecalithes were shown on CT in 67.7% (19/29), which was associated with necrotic and phlegmonous inflammatory types, but not with catarrhal type. The other CT findings included thickened paramesocolon of the right lower abdomen, undefined wall of the inner side of the cecum. Inflammation was relatively slight in cases of catarrhal appendicitis, Nine patients less than 5 years of age had phlegmonous inflammatory or necrotic appendicitis. CT allowed definitive diagnosis of appendicitis in 2 of 3 patients with necrotic type. Ct was considered to be very useful in the diagnosis of appendicitis. (N.K.)

  2. Findings of Bone Scintigraphy After Leech Theraphy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özyurt, Sinem; Koca, Gökhan; Demirel, Koray; Baskın, Aylin; Korkmaz, Meliha

    2014-01-01

    In this case report, we present a 70 year old female patient who had recieved Leech therapy (hirudotherapy) on her leg without informing referring physician. In dynamic bone scintigraphy there was increased perfusion and hyperemia in her left ankle and leg, also in late static images moderate increased uptake was seen in soft tissue region and at the fracture site of ankle. We learned that she had Leech therapy applied on her leg, which could explain the increased perfusion and hyperemia in dynamic and blood pool phases of bone scintigraphy because of Leech therapy’s dilatory effects on superficial veins. Leech therapy may lead to an increase in perfusion and hyperemia in blood pool phase of bone scintigraphy, which may cause confusion in differential diagnosis. To our best knowledge this report is the first case that shows the scintigraphic findigs after Leech therapy. Conflict of interest:None declared. PMID:24653932

  3. Human temporal bone findings in acquired hypothyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hald, J; Milroy, C M; Jensen, K D; Parving, A

    1991-11-01

    Histological studies of the auditory organ in patients with acquired hypothyroidism are scarce. Thus the aim of the present study was to examine the temporal bones and the brain in subjects with hypothyroidism. Four temporal bones and two brains from clinically and biochemically hypothyroid subjects were removed and evaluated by light microscopy determine to the morphological changes and deposition of neutral and acid glycosaminoglycans. An audiogram from one of the patients showed a sensorineural hearing loss, which could be ascribed to occupational noise exposure. The study revealed histological changes compatible with age and infectious disease. No accumulation of neutral or acid glycosaminoglycans could be demonstrated in the temporal bones, or in the brains. PMID:1761939

  4. Multi-slice CT evaluation of glenoid bone loss in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate multi-slice CT (MSCT) in glenoid bone loss of patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation. Methods: MSCT findings of 108 patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation and 12 with single anterior shoulder dislocation were retrospectively studied. The incidence, degrees and locations of glenoid bone losses were recorded. The incidence was analyzed with Fisher exact test. The maximum length,depth and proportion were compared with Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: Glenoid bone loss was detected in 91.7% (99/108) patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation. The proportion of glenoid bone loss was (16.0 ± 6.0)%, and the central locations of glenoid bone loss were from 2: 20 to 4: 25 (mean 3: 20). Sixty-two percent (67/108) patients had bony Bankart lesions in which 58.2% (39/67) bony fragments were free and 41.8% (28/67) were adherent to the anterior border of the glenoid cavity. Seventy-five percent (9/12) patients with single shoulder dislocation had anterior glenoid bone loss,and the proportion of glenoid bone loss was (15.2 ± 7.1)%. There were no statistical differences of the incidence (P=0.100) and proportion of glenoid bone loss (P=0.453) between the recurrent and single anterior shoulder dislocation. Conclusions: Anterior glenoid bone loss is common in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation. (authors)

  5. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the Lung : CT findings and pathologic correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun Sook; Jung, Gyoo Sik; Baek, Kyong Hee; Lee, Seung Ryong; Huh, Jin Do; Joh, Young Duk; Jang, Hee Kyong [Kosin Medican College, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-01-01

    To define the CT findings of inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung, and determine pathologic correlation. In five cases, CT showed that irregular, spiculated nodules or masses contacted with the pleura: in one, a well-defined nodule contacted with the fissure : and in one, there was consolidation. On postcontrast CT images, all six cases showed enhancement, with a central, low-density component. In four cases, ground-glass opacity surrounding the lesion was identified, and in three focal pleural thickening adjacent to the lesion was noted. The predominant pathologic composition of the enhanced portions of the lesion, as seen on CT, was chronic inflammatory or spindle cells, and the angiogenesis of small vessels was also noted. Non-enhanced, central, low-density areas were accounted for by hemorrhaging, necrosis and the focal aggregation of acute and chronic inflammatory cells. Surrounding groud-glass opacity corresponded pathologically to organizing pneumonia, cellular infiltration along the alveolar wall, and alveolar collapse. The CT features of inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung were mainly peripheral, irregular, spiculated nodule or mass, with contrast-enhancement and a central low-density component , combined with surrounding ground-glass opacity. All these findings correlated well with pathologic findings. (author). 26 refs., 2 tabs., 4 figs.

  6. Renal trauma in occult ureteropelvic junction obstruction: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to present CT findings of occult ureteropelvic junction obstruction in patients with renal trauma and to describe the clinical signs and singular CT features that are characteristically observed with trauma and are relevant to management of these patients. We retrospectively reviewed 82 helical CT studies in patients with renal trauma referred to our institution. We found 13 cases of occult preexisting renal pathology, six of which were occult ureteropelvic junction obstructions. The clinical presentation, radiologic findings of trauma according to the Federle classification, and CT findings of obstructed ureteropelvic junction are presented. We found three category-I lesions (one in a horseshoe kidney), two of them treated with nephrostomy because of increased ureteropelvic junction obstruction due to pelvic clots; two category-II lesions (parenchymal and renal pelvis lacerations) that had presented only with microhematuria; and one category-IV lesion (pelvic laceration alone). Pelvic extension was demonstrated in all the cases with perirenal collections. The CT studies in all the cases with suspected ureteropelvic junction obstruction showed decreased parenchymal thickness and enhancement, and dilatation of the renal pelvis and calyx, with a normal ureter. Computed tomography can provide information to confidently diagnose underlying ureteropelvic junction obstruction in renal trauma, categorize the traumatic injury (at times clinically silent) and facilitate proper management according to the singularities observed, such us rupture of the renal pelvis alone (Federle category IV) and increasing ureteropelvic obstruction due to clots which can be decompressed by nephrostomy. (orig.)

  7. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the Lung : CT findings and pathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To define the CT findings of inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung, and determine pathologic correlation. In five cases, CT showed that irregular, spiculated nodules or masses contacted with the pleura: in one, a well-defined nodule contacted with the fissure : and in one, there was consolidation. On postcontrast CT images, all six cases showed enhancement, with a central, low-density component. In four cases, ground-glass opacity surrounding the lesion was identified, and in three focal pleural thickening adjacent to the lesion was noted. The predominant pathologic composition of the enhanced portions of the lesion, as seen on CT, was chronic inflammatory or spindle cells, and the angiogenesis of small vessels was also noted. Non-enhanced, central, low-density areas were accounted for by hemorrhaging, necrosis and the focal aggregation of acute and chronic inflammatory cells. Surrounding groud-glass opacity corresponded pathologically to organizing pneumonia, cellular infiltration along the alveolar wall, and alveolar collapse. The CT features of inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung were mainly peripheral, irregular, spiculated nodule or mass, with contrast-enhancement and a central low-density component , combined with surrounding ground-glass opacity. All these findings correlated well with pathologic findings. (author). 26 refs., 2 tabs., 4 figs

  8. CT bone densitometry using a body simulation phantom

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors utilized a body simulation phantom for assessment of bone densitometry in the lumbar spine with quantitative CT techniques. Initial examination of a group of 80 ''normal'' female volunteers, aged 40-80 years, showed that this technique is reproducible and easily applicable to all scanners. Data from this initial set of volunteers correspond closely to previously established normative standards for this age and gender subset

  9. CT diagnosis of intramedulear lesions of the tubular bone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three cases are used to demonstrate that intramedullary masses of the tubular bones can be discovered using computered tomography even when changes in the plain film are lacking or discrete. However, it was not possible to differentiate between osteomyelitis, chondrosarcoma and enchondroma owing to the identical morphology of these three diseases. Consequently, CT does not allow any statement on type and dignity and histological clarification is indispensable. (orig./WU)

  10. CT and MR findings of langerhans cell histiocytois involving the spleen: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pyun, Hae Wook; Kim, Mee Eun; Kim, Jang Ho [Fatima Hospital, Taegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-02-01

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is systemic disease resulting from the proliferation and dissemination of abnormal histiocytic cells of the Langerhans cell system. Common sites of involvement include the skin, bone, bone marrow, lung, lymph nodes and central nervous system, and the condition manifests in variety of ways. We present the CT and MR findings of a case of LCH involving the spleen, an organ invloved relatively rarely. Post-contrast CT revealed multiple hypodense nodules. T1-weighted MR images of the spleen depicted no definitive lesion, but T2-weighted images showed abnormal low signals scattered throughout this organ. In addition, post-contrast, fat-saturated T1-weighted MR images lesions showed multiple, low-signal-intensity lesions.

  11. CT and MR findings of langerhans cell histiocytois involving the spleen: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is systemic disease resulting from the proliferation and dissemination of abnormal histiocytic cells of the Langerhans cell system. Common sites of involvement include the skin, bone, bone marrow, lung, lymph nodes and central nervous system, and the condition manifests in variety of ways. We present the CT and MR findings of a case of LCH involving the spleen, an organ invloved relatively rarely. Post-contrast CT revealed multiple hypodense nodules. T1-weighted MR images of the spleen depicted no definitive lesion, but T2-weighted images showed abnormal low signals scattered throughout this organ. In addition, post-contrast, fat-saturated T1-weighted MR images lesions showed multiple, low-signal-intensity lesions

  12. CT evaluation of the brain abscess: Comparison of CT and pathologic findings of brain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was undertaken to correlate the CT and histopathologic findings of abscess wall. The CT findings of 12 patients with pathologically proven brain abscess were retrospectively analyzed with particular attention to the thickness, smoothness and uniformity of enhancing abscess wall, and the results were correlated with histopathologic findings. Two patients with acute cerebritis showed an isodense ring on non-contrast CT(NCCT),but a true capsule formation could not be identified at pathologic examination. Six other patients with isodense ring on NCCT consisted of early to late cerebritis(3 cases), late cerebritis to early calsule(1 case), early capsule(1 case), and late capsule(1 case). These 6 cases showed ring enhancement on contrast enhanced CT(CECT) and true capsule formation pathologically. There was no isodense ring on NCCT in the remaining four patients. They consisted of early to late cerebeitis(2 cases), late cerebritis(1 case), and late cerebritis to early capsule formation(1 case). These also showed ring enhancement on CECT and true capsule formation pathologically. We found that it is different to predict the exact stage of brain abscess on preoperative CT findings. It is suggested that clinical findings and sequential dynamic CT may provide more detailed information for evaluation of abscess staging

  13. CT evaluation of the brain abscess: Comparison of CT and pathologic findings of brain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moon, Jeoung Mi; Park, Ji Hyun; Kim, Ji Yang; Yim, Neung Jae; Song, Ik Hoon; Kim, Byung Heon [Massan Koryo General Hospital, Massan (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-09-15

    This study was undertaken to correlate the CT and histopathologic findings of abscess wall. The CT findings of 12 patients with pathologically proven brain abscess were retrospectively analyzed with particular attention to the thickness, smoothness and uniformity of enhancing abscess wall, and the results were correlated with histopathologic findings. Two patients with acute cerebritis showed an isodense ring on non-contrast CT(NCCT),but a true capsule formation could not be identified at pathologic examination. Six other patients with isodense ring on NCCT consisted of early to late cerebritis(3 cases), late cerebritis to early calsule(1 case), early capsule(1 case), and late capsule(1 case). These 6 cases showed ring enhancement on contrast enhanced CT(CECT) and true capsule formation pathologically. There was no isodense ring on NCCT in the remaining four patients. They consisted of early to late cerebeitis(2 cases), late cerebritis(1 case), and late cerebritis to early capsule formation(1 case). These also showed ring enhancement on CECT and true capsule formation pathologically. We found that it is different to predict the exact stage of brain abscess on preoperative CT findings. It is suggested that clinical findings and sequential dynamic CT may provide more detailed information for evaluation of abscess staging.

  14. CT Findings of Small Bowel Anisakiasis: Analysis of Four Cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We wanted to describe the CT findings of small bowel anisakiasis with the pathologic correlation. Four patients with surgically and pathologically proven small bowel anisakiasis were included in this retrospective study. They were three men and one woman and their ages ranged from 28 to 43 years (mean age: 38 years). We evaluated their clinical, CT and histological findings. All the patients had a history of ingesting raw fish within 24 hours from the time of symptom onset. They complained of abdominal pain (n=4), nausea (n=4), vomiting (n=2) and diarrhea (n=1). Physical examination revealed tenderness (n=4), rebound tenderness (n=4) and increased bowel sounds (n=3). Leukocytosis was noted in all the patients on the laboratory examination. None of the patients showed eosinophilia. The CT findings were segmental small bowel wall thickening with preserved layering (n=4), focal segmental luminal narrowing with proximal dilatation (n=4), peritoneal thickening (n=3), mesenteric or omental infiltration (n=4) and varying degrees of ascites (n=4). On the histopathologic examination, they revealed an infiltration of eosinophils (n=4) in all layers of the bowel wall with severe edema. The larvae were found on surgico-pathologic examination in all the cases. The CT findings may be helpful to make the specific diagnosis of small bowel anisakiasis in a patient with the clinical findings of an acute abdomen and a history of eating raw fish

  15. Perforated appendicitis: accuracy of CT diagnosis and correlation of CT findings with the length of hospital

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the sensitivity and specificity of CT findings in the differentiation of perforated from nonperforated appendicitis and correlate CT diagnosis with the length of hospital stay. The study included 70 patients who presented with right lower quadrant abdominal pain and underwent preoperative CT scan followed by appendectomy. Patients were divided into two groups of having perforated and nonperforated appendicitis on the basis of CT scan findings. The surgical and pathological reports combined were considered the reference standard for the diagnosis of perforated appendicitis. Various CT scan findings and average duration of hospital stay in days was compared by t-test. Twenty-six (37%) of 70 patients had perforated appendicitis. It was correctly identified on pre-operative CT scan in 18 patients. There were 18 true positive diagnoses, 43 true negative diagnoses, 1 false positive diagnosis and 8 false negative diagnoses which yielded a sensitivity of 69%, specificity of 97%, positive predictive value of 94% and negative predictive value of 84%. Mean length of hospital stay in perforated group was 6.3 days and 2.9 days in nonperforated group. Severe periappendiceal inflammation, periappendiceal and or abdominopelvic fluid and abscess were significantly associated with perforated appendicitis and with a significant longer hospital stay (p <.001). CT scan is 69% sensitive and 97% specific for the diagnosis of perforated appendicitis and constellation of CT findings can be used to select patients with perforated appendicitis for initial non-operative management. Presence of CT signs of significant appendiceal inflammation is independent predictor of longer hospital stay. (author)

  16. Dual-time-point FDG-PET/CT Imaging of Temporal Bone Chondroblastoma: A Report of Two Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akira Toriihara

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Temporal bone chondroblastoma is an extremely rare benign bone tumor. We encountered two cases showing similar imaging findings on computed tomography (CT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, and dual-time-point 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG positron emission tomography (PET/CT. In both cases, CT images revealed temporal bone defects and sclerotic changes around the tumor. Most parts of the tumor showed low signal intensity on T2- weighted MRI images and non-uniform enhancement on gadolinium contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images. No increase in signal intensity was noted in diffusion-weighted images. Dual-time-point PET/CT showed markedly elevated 18F-FDG uptake, which increased from the early to delayed phase. Nevertheless, immunohistochemical analysis of the resected tumor tissue revealed weak expression of glucose transporter-1 and hexokinase II in both tumors. Temporal bone tumors, showing markedly elevated 18F-FDG uptake, which increases from the early to delayed phase on PET/CT images, may be diagnosed as malignant bone tumors. Therefore, the differential diagnosis should include chondroblastoma in combination with its characteristic findings on CT and MRI.

  17. Accuracy of bone SPECT/CT for identifying hardware loosening in patients who underwent lumbar fusion with pedicle screws

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    Hudyana, Hendrah; Maes, Alex [AZ Groeninge, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kortrijk (Belgium); University Hospital Leuven, Department of Morphology and Medical Imaging, Leuven (Belgium); Vandenberghe, Thierry; Fidlers, Luc [AZ Groeninge, Department of Neurosurgery, Kortrijk (Belgium); Sathekge, Mike [University of Pretoria, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Pretoria (South Africa); Nicolai, Daniel [AZ Groeninge, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kortrijk (Belgium); Wiele, Christophe van de [AZ Groeninge, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kortrijk (Belgium); University Ghent, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Ghent (Belgium)

    2016-02-15

    The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the accuracy of bone SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography)/CT (computed tomography) in diagnosing loosening of fixation material in patients with recurrent or persistent back pain that underwent lumbar arthrodesis with pedicle screws using surgery and clinical follow-up as gold standard A total of 48 patients (median age 49 years, range 21-81 years; 17 men) who had undergone lumbar spinal arthrodesis were included in this retrospective analysis. SPECT/CT results were compared to the gold standard of surgical evaluation or clinical follow-up. Positive SPECT/CT results were considered true positives if findings were confirmed by surgery or if clinical and other examinations were completely consistent with the positive SPECT/CT finding. They were considered false positives if surgical evaluation did not find any loose pedicle screws or if symptoms subsided with non-surgical therapy. Negative SPECT/CT scans were considered true negatives if symptoms either improved without surgical intervention or remained stable over a minimum follow-up period of 6 months. Negative SPECT/CT scans were determined to be false negatives if surgery was still required and loosening of material was found. The median length of time from primary surgery to bone SPECT/CT referral was 29.5 months (range 12-192 months). Median follow-up was 18 months (range 6-57) for subjects who did not undergo surgery. Thirteen of the 48 patients were found to be positive for loosening on bone SPECT/CT. Surgical evaluation (8 patients) and clinical follow-up (5 patients) showed that bone SPECT/CT correctly predicted loosening in 9 of 13 patients, while it falsely diagnosed loosening in 4 patients. Of 35 negative bone SPECT/CT scans, 12 were surgically confirmed. In 18 patients, bone SPECT/CT revealed lesions that could provide an alternative explanation for the symptoms of pain (active facet degeneration in 14 patients, and disc and sacroiliac

  18. Accuracy of bone SPECT/CT for identifying hardware loosening in patients who underwent lumbar fusion with pedicle screws

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the accuracy of bone SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography)/CT (computed tomography) in diagnosing loosening of fixation material in patients with recurrent or persistent back pain that underwent lumbar arthrodesis with pedicle screws using surgery and clinical follow-up as gold standard A total of 48 patients (median age 49 years, range 21-81 years; 17 men) who had undergone lumbar spinal arthrodesis were included in this retrospective analysis. SPECT/CT results were compared to the gold standard of surgical evaluation or clinical follow-up. Positive SPECT/CT results were considered true positives if findings were confirmed by surgery or if clinical and other examinations were completely consistent with the positive SPECT/CT finding. They were considered false positives if surgical evaluation did not find any loose pedicle screws or if symptoms subsided with non-surgical therapy. Negative SPECT/CT scans were considered true negatives if symptoms either improved without surgical intervention or remained stable over a minimum follow-up period of 6 months. Negative SPECT/CT scans were determined to be false negatives if surgery was still required and loosening of material was found. The median length of time from primary surgery to bone SPECT/CT referral was 29.5 months (range 12-192 months). Median follow-up was 18 months (range 6-57) for subjects who did not undergo surgery. Thirteen of the 48 patients were found to be positive for loosening on bone SPECT/CT. Surgical evaluation (8 patients) and clinical follow-up (5 patients) showed that bone SPECT/CT correctly predicted loosening in 9 of 13 patients, while it falsely diagnosed loosening in 4 patients. Of 35 negative bone SPECT/CT scans, 12 were surgically confirmed. In 18 patients, bone SPECT/CT revealed lesions that could provide an alternative explanation for the symptoms of pain (active facet degeneration in 14 patients, and disc and sacroiliac

  19. Case of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) with characteristic CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Imamura, Shigehiro (Kumamoto Rosai Hospital (Japan)); Nakayama, Toshio; Yamanaga, Hiroaki; Nakanishi, Ryoji; Ideta, Tooru

    1984-01-01

    CT scans of a 59-year-old woman, with serologically comfirmed herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) were studied sequentially from 9 days after onset. The initial findings in CT scan were low density areas in insular cortex, claustrum and hippocampus. The low density areas, then, spread to the temporal lobe, rectal and cingulate gyri and occipital lobe, according to clinical progression of the disease. However, these low density areas disappeared and changed into isodensity areas in 25-35 days after oneset, which then returned to low density areas again in 51 days after onset. Thes characteristic phenomenon resembled a ''fogging effect,'' which is frequently seen during the second or third week after onset of ischemic cerebral infarction. HSE is characterized pathologically by acute hemorrhagic necrotizing encephalitis. Though cerebral angiography was not performed in this case, these characteristic CT findings suggested that HSE may have been associated with vascular involvement.

  20. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: a case report of MR, CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Ik; Chung, Soo Young; Park, Hai Jung; Lee Yul; Chun, Rho Won; Noh, Jung Woo [College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-10-15

    Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare, acquired disease involving multiple hematopoietic cell lines. Characteristics of PNH are intrinsic hemolytic anemia, iron deficiency anemia and venous thrombosis. We report a case of PNH with characterostoc MR and CT findings. The signal intensity of renal cortex was lower than that of medulla on both T1-and T2-weighted MR imaging. On T2 weighted MR images, the liver showed very low signal intensity but the signal intensity of the spleen was normal. On precontrast CT the attenuation of renal cortex was higher than that of renal medulla and the attenuation of liver was higher than that of the spleen. These findings of MR imaging and CT were the result from the deposition of hemosiderin in the cells of proximal convoluted tubules and transfusional hemosiderosis of liver.

  1. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: a case report of MR, CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare, acquired disease involving multiple hematopoietic cell lines. Characteristics of PNH are intrinsic hemolytic anemia, iron deficiency anemia and venous thrombosis. We report a case of PNH with characterostoc MR and CT findings. The signal intensity of renal cortex was lower than that of medulla on both T1-and T2-weighted MR imaging. On T2 weighted MR images, the liver showed very low signal intensity but the signal intensity of the spleen was normal. On precontrast CT the attenuation of renal cortex was higher than that of renal medulla and the attenuation of liver was higher than that of the spleen. These findings of MR imaging and CT were the result from the deposition of hemosiderin in the cells of proximal convoluted tubules and transfusional hemosiderosis of liver

  2. Lumbar CT findings of patients with low back pain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Low back pain is probably the second most common disease entity to upper respiratory infection in developed country. We were missing at least 50% of the pathologic conditions by using conventional diagnostic modalities in low back pain. They did tell us nothing or little about facet abnormalities, lateral recesses, vertebral canal and soft tissue surrounding lumbar spines. High resolutional CT has been the biggest turning point in the diagnosis and management of low back pain. CT make a contribution to reducing the morbidity and probably the cost of evaluating patients with low back pain, and to increasing diagnostic accuracy. We observed 100 cases of lumbar CT using TCT 80A scanner for the evaluation of low back pain during the period from Apr. 1985 to Sept. 1985 at Chung-Ang University Hospital. Lumbar CT scan reveals high-positive findings (98%) in low back pain patients. Common low back disorders in CT are disc bulging (53%), herniated nucleus pulposus (32%), degenerative arthritis in posterior facet joints (27%), spinal stenosis (20%) and postoperative spines (15%). Uncommon low back disorders in CT are compression fracture of vertebral bodies, spondylolysis or spondylolisthesis, tropism, transitional vertebra, Scheueman's disease, limbic fracture, transverse process or articular process fracture, sacroiliac joint subluxation, conjoined nerve root and meningocele.

  3. Lumbar CT findings of patients with low back pain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Yong Chul; Kim, Yang Soo; Kim, Kyun Sang [Chung-Ang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1986-04-15

    Low back pain is probably the second most common disease entity to upper respiratory infection in developed country. We were missing at least 50% of the pathologic conditions by using conventional diagnostic modalities in low back pain. They did tell us nothing or little about facet abnormalities, lateral recesses, vertebral canal and soft tissue surrounding lumbar spines. High resolutional CT has been the biggest turning point in the diagnosis and management of low back pain. CT make a contribution to reducing the morbidity and probably the cost of evaluating patients with low back pain, and to increasing diagnostic accuracy. We observed 100 cases of lumbar CT using TCT 80A scanner for the evaluation of low back pain during the period from Apr. 1985 to Sept. 1985 at Chung-Ang University Hospital. Lumbar CT scan reveals high-positive findings (98%) in low back pain patients. Common low back disorders in CT are disc bulging (53%), herniated nucleus pulposus (32%), degenerative arthritis in posterior facet joints (27%), spinal stenosis (20%) and postoperative spines (15%). Uncommon low back disorders in CT are compression fracture of vertebral bodies, spondylolysis or spondylolisthesis, tropism, transitional vertebra, Scheueman's disease, limbic fracture, transverse process or articular process fracture, sacroiliac joint subluxation, conjoined nerve root and meningocele.

  4. Analysis of discrepancy between neurologic findings and CT findings in 60 patients with herniated nucleus pulposus

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    Lee, Hyun; Kim, Kab Tae; Sol, Chang Hyo; Kim, Byung Soo [College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan(Korea, Republic of)

    1987-06-15

    The herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP) is a major cause of low back pain and sciatica. High resolution computed tomography is the most accurate diagnostic tool to define a HNP, because it provides a complete in vivo analysis of bony framework of lumbar spine as well as the supporting soft tissue structures and neural elements. But the discrepancy between neurologic findings and CT findings is often confusing. From May 1983 to August 1986, sixty patients with HNP who had both CT and surgical intervention at Pusan National University Hospital were analyzed. The feasibility of the neurologic examination on HNP and the effect of HNP on nerve root were evaluated on the basis of CT findings. The results were as follows : 1. Thirty-four cases (56.7%) of clinical impression were matched to CT findings in determining level of HNP and affected nerve root. 2. In evaluation of affected level, there was high trend to cause discrepancy between neurologic findings and CT findings in multiple disc involvement than in single involvement. 3. There was no correlation between degree of nerve root compression determined by CT and pattern of neurologic signs (motor weakness, sensory deficit, and reflex change)

  5. Nontraumatic spontaneous rupture of the kidney : etiology and CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heo, Tae Haeng; Jeon, Hae Jeong; Shin, Hyun Joon [Konkuk Univ. College of Medicine, chungju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Bo Hyun [Seongkyunkwan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Kyoung Sik [Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Hwa [Soonchunhyang Univ. College of Medicine, Asan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seung Hyup [Seoul National Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Churl Min [Korea Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-08-01

    To evaluate the usefulness of CT scanning in determining the etiology of spontaneous rupture of the kidney We retrospectively analyzed the CT findings of spontaneous rupture of the kidney in eleven patients, Four were male and seven were female, and they were aged between 20 and 71 (mean, 46.6) years. Both pre- and post-contrast enhanced CT scanning was performed in all patients. Spontaneous renal rupture was induced in seven cases by neoplasms (three angiomyolipomas, three renal cell carcinomas, and one metastatic choriocarcinoma), in three cases by infection or inflammation (acute and chronic pyelonephritis, and renal abscess), and in one, by renal cyst. Common CT findings of rupture of the kidney were the accumulation of high density fluid in the perirenal and anterior pararenal space, and inhomogeneous irregular low density of renal parenchyma and the rupture site. Angiomyolipoma showed fat and an angiomatous component in the lesion, while acute and chronic pyelonephrities revealed thinning of the renal parenchyma and an irregular renal outline. Renal cell carcinoma showed a dense soft tissue mass in the parenchyma. Well-defined, round low-density lesions were noted in the case of renal cyst and renal abscess. CT is very useful in diagnosing and determining the etiology of non-traumatic spontaneous rupture of the kidney and plays an important role in the evaluation of emergency cases.

  6. CT findings of traumatic posterior hip dislocation after reduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moon, Sung Kyoung; Park, Ji Seon; Ryu, Kyung Nam; Jin, Wook [Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Jin Wook

    2008-06-15

    To evaluate the CT images of reduced hips after posterior hip dislocation and to propose specific diagnostic criteria based on the CT results. We retrospectively reviewed the CT findings on 18 reduced hips from 17 patients with radiographs and clinical histories of traumatic posterior hip dislocations by evaluating 18 corresponding CT scans for joint space asymmetry, intra-articular abnormalities (intra-articular fat obliteration, loose bodies, and joint effusion), changes in posterior soft tissue (capsule, muscles, and adjacent fat), the presence, and location of fractures (acetabulum and femoral head). All 18 hips (100%) showed posterior soft tissue changes. In total, 17 hips (94.4%) had intra-articular abnormalities and 15 hips (83.3%) had joint space asymmetries. In addition, 17 hips (94.4%) had fractures involving the acetabula (15 cases, 88.2%) the femoral head (13 cases, 76.5%), or on both sides (11 cases, 64.7%). The most frequent fracture location was in he posterior wall (13/15, 86.7%) of the acetabulum and in the anterior aspect (10/13, 76.9%) of the femoral head. Patients with a prior history of posterior hip dislocation showed specific CT findings after reduction, suggesting the possibility of previous posterior hip dislocations in patients.

  7. CT and MR findings of supratentorial pilocytic astrocytoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pilocytic astrocytoma is a benign tumor predominantly arising from cerebellum in pediatric age. But it occasionally arises in supratentorium. We describe radiologic findings of supratentorial pilocytic astrocytoma. Eleven CT and 7 MR examination in 11 patients were retrospectively reviewed with attention to location,CT density, MR signal intensity, and degree and pattern of contrast enhancement on CT and MR. The tumors were located around the third ventricle (hypothalamus in three cases, optic chiasm in three cases) and in cerebral hemisphere (temporal lobe in three cases, frontal lobe in one case, thalamus in three cases). On CT, the tumors were all sharply demarcated and rarely associated with edema. The tumors showed moderate to strong contrast enhancement. Necrosis appeared frequently in tumors around the third ventricle in contrast to frequent cyst formation in hemispheric masses. On MR, the tumors appeared hypo- or isointense on T1- weighted images and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. After administration of contrast agent, the tumors showed intense enhancement more than that of CT. The typical location and radiologic findings described above are helpful in the diagnosis of the supratentorial pilocytic astrocytoma

  8. CT and MR findings of supratentorial pilocytic astrocytoma

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    Kim, Eun Kyung; Kim, Dong Ik; Chung, Tae Sub [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Jung Ho [Ajou University College of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-08-15

    Pilocytic astrocytoma is a benign tumor predominantly arising from cerebellum in pediatric age. But it occasionally arises in supratentorium. We describe radiologic findings of supratentorial pilocytic astrocytoma. Eleven CT and 7 MR examination in 11 patients were retrospectively reviewed with attention to location,CT density, MR signal intensity, and degree and pattern of contrast enhancement on CT and MR. The tumors were located around the third ventricle (hypothalamus in three cases, optic chiasm in three cases) and in cerebral hemisphere (temporal lobe in three cases, frontal lobe in one case, thalamus in three cases). On CT, the tumors were all sharply demarcated and rarely associated with edema. The tumors showed moderate to strong contrast enhancement. Necrosis appeared frequently in tumors around the third ventricle in contrast to frequent cyst formation in hemispheric masses. On MR, the tumors appeared hypo- or isointense on T1- weighted images and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. After administration of contrast agent, the tumors showed intense enhancement more than that of CT. The typical location and radiologic findings described above are helpful in the diagnosis of the supratentorial pilocytic astrocytoma.

  9. CT findings in the leptomeningeal dissemination of tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The communicating hydrocephalus, the enhancement of the basal and quadrigeminal cisterns, and the enhancement of the Sylvian fissure, the cortical sulci and the ventricular wall are CT findings reported with regard to the leptomeningeal dissemination of tumors (LMDT). However, these findings are not always observed in patients with LMDT. In the present study, CT findings on 4 patients with LMDT (one from spinal ependymoblastoma, two from gastric cancer; and one from pulmonary cancer) are reported. Depending on the stage of the disease, the appearances of the above LMDT are quite varied. In Case 1, only hydrocephalus was found on admission CT. About one month later, the enhancement of the basal cisterns, the Sylvian fissure, the cerebral sulci, and the ventricular wall was observed, and this enhancement was further intensified later on. In Case 2, the cortical sulci were enhanced without any enhancement of the hydrocephalus or anything else. In Case 3, only the cerebral margin of the posterior lobectomy was enhanced. In Case 4, only a communicating hydrocephalus was observed. However, in all four cases the CSF cytology was positive for tumor cells. The frequency of each CT finding is discussed for the reported 25 cases. (author)

  10. CT findings of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma associated with hepatolithiasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess the CT findings of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma associated with hepatolithiasis. The CT features of 26 patients with cholangiocarcinoma and hepatolithiasis were reviewed and compared with those of 23 patients with intrahepatic stones alone, acting as control subjects. CT findings were analyzed for tumor appearance and adjacency to hepatolithiasis. We studied clinical findings, noting the presence or absence of wall thickening or soft tissue attenuation within the bile duct, the luminal diameter of dilated bile duct, and the presence of periductal enhancement, and compared these with the findings for control groups. CT images of the tumor revealed a hepatic low-attenuating mass with peripheral rim enhancement(n = 14,54 %), or periductal thickening, or low-attenuating lesions in segmental dilatation of intrahepataic bile ducts(n = 12, 46 %). Most hepatic tumors were seen in areas adjacent to hepatolithiasis, or in a bile duct. Compared with control groups, patients with cholangiocarcinoma were old (p 0.05). When an intrahepatic low-attenuating mass, or peridutal thickening and low-attenuating lesions in segmental dilated intrahepatic duct are found associated in adjacent intrahepatic stones, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma should be considered

  11. CT findings of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma associated with hepatolithiasis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Min, Byung Cheol; Yoon, Kwon Ha; Kim, Chang Guhn; Roh, Byung Suck; Won, Jong Jin [Wonkwang Univ. College of Medicine, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-09-01

    To assess the CT findings of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma associated with hepatolithiasis. The CT features of 26 patients with cholangiocarcinoma and hepatolithiasis were reviewed and compared with those of 23 patients with intrahepatic stones alone, acting as control subjects. CT findings were analyzed for tumor appearance and adjacency to hepatolithiasis. We studied clinical findings, noting the presence or absence of wall thickening or soft tissue attenuation within the bile duct, the luminal diameter of dilated bile duct, and the presence of periductal enhancement, and compared these with the findings for control groups. CT images of the tumor revealed a hepatic low-attenuating mass with peripheral rim enhancement(n = 14,54 %), or periductal thickening, or low-attenuating lesions in segmental dilatation of intrahepataic bile ducts(n = 12, 46 %). Most hepatic tumors were seen in areas adjacent to hepatolithiasis, or in a bile duct. Compared with control groups, patients with cholangiocarcinoma were old (p < 0.001), and showed frequent weight loss and elevated CA 19-9(p < 0.001). With regard to the location of hepatolithiasis, luminal diameter, and periductal enhancement, no significant differences were seen between the two groups (p > 0.05). When an intrahepatic low-attenuating mass, or peridutal thickening and low-attenuating lesions in segmental dilated intrahepatic duct are found associated in adjacent intrahepatic stones, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma should be considered.

  12. Primary choriocarcinoma of the stomach and pancreas: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coskun, M.; Agildere, A.M.; Boyvat, F.; Tarhan, C.; Niron, E.A. [Department of Radiology, Baskent Univ. Hospital, Ankara (Turkey)

    1998-10-01

    In this report we present the CT findings of two non-gestational,extragonadal choriocarcinomas, one arising within the stomach and one in the pancreas. These are rare tumours and a pancreatic primary site has not been previously described. (orig.) (orig.) With 4 figs., 10 refs.

  13. A case of suspected 'Bickerstaff's encephalitis' and its CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of suspected ''Bickerstaff's encephalitis'' was presented with special reference to the CT findings. A 4-year-old girl exhibited fever and nausea after the beginning of December, 1983, followed by unsteady gait on January 1, 1984. She was admitted to another hospital and diagnosed by means of a spinalfluid examination as having aseptic meningitis. Her symptoms subsided transiently, but then she began again to suffer recurrently from unsteady gait on January 27. After that she developed dysarthria and dysphagia, a disturbance of eye movement was observed, and she became lethargic and disoriented. On February 6, she was transferred to our hospital. Plain CT scan on admission revealed a low-density area on the left cerebellar peduncle and the inferior medial part of the left temporal lobe. Moreover, the low-density area was heterogenously enhanced with the contrast medium. Angiography showed no abnormal findings. Considering these CT findings, we suspected a pontine tumor. Four days after her admission, however, her symptoms and signs began rapidly to subside, and also the abnormal findings on the CT scan diminished gradually as the symptoms were relieved. On March 2, she was discharged without any neurological abnormality. (author)

  14. Unified wavelet and gaussian filtering for segmentation of CT images; application in segmentation of bone in pelvic CT images

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Background The analysis of pelvic CT scans is a crucial step for detecting and assessing the severity of Traumatic Pelvic Injuries. Automating the processing of pelvic CT scans could impact decision accuracy, decrease the time for decision making, and reduce health care cost. This paper discusses a method to automate the segmentation of bone from pelvic CT images. Accurate segmentation of bone is very important for developing an automated assisted-decision support system for Traumatic Pelvic ...

  15. Findings of Bone Scintigraphy After Leech Theraphy

    OpenAIRE

    Sinem Özyurt; Gökhan Koca; Koray Demirel

    2014-01-01

    In this case report, we present a 70 year old female patient who had recieved Leech therapy (hirudotherapy) on her leg without informing referring physician. In dynamic bone scintigraphy there was increased perfusion and hyperemia in her left ankle and leg, also in late static images moderate increased uptake was seen in soft tissue region and at the fracture site of ankle. We learned that she had Leech therapy applied on her leg, which could explain the increased perfusion and hyperemia in d...

  16. CT findings of dural arteriovenous malformation in the posterior fossa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings in eight cases of dural arteriovenous malformation, mainly involving the dura mater and the tentorium cerebelli of the posterior fossa, are reported. The main findings observed on CT scans may be summarized as follows: 1) patchy and vermiform enhancement after the intravenous injection of the contrast medium; 2) abnormal low-density area; 3) local mass effect; 4) hydrocephalus; 5) distention and aneurysmal dilatation of the major venous sinus system, and 6) dilated meningeal grooves of the skull inner table. These findings were commonly noted in the patients with Types II, III and IV in Djinjian's classification. The abnormal low density with or without patchy and vermiform enhancement and/or hydrocephalus are most likely caused by a disturbed venous return of the cerebral parenchyma and an impaired absorption of the cerebrospinal fluid due to the increased pressure of the venous sinus system. These findings were improved following artificial embolization or surgical excision of the dural arteriovenous malformation. (author)

  17. Evaluation of Bone Metastasis from Hepatocellular Carcinoma Using {sup 18F} FDG PET/CT and {sup 99mT}c HDP Bone Scintigraphy: Characteristics of Soft Tissue Formation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Hyo Jung; Choi, Yun Jung; Kim, Hyun Jeong; Jeong, Youg Hyu; Cho, Arthur; Lee, Jae Hoon; Yun, Mijin; Choi, Hye Jin; Lee, Jong Doo; Kang, Won Jun [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-09-15

    Bone metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can present with soft tissue formation, resulting in oncologic emergency. Contrast enhanced FDG PET/CT and bone scintigraphy were compared to evaluate characteristics of bone metastases with of without soft tissue formation from HCC. of 4,151 patients with HCC, 263 patients had bone metastases. Eighty five patients with bone metastasis from HCC underwent contrast enhanced FDG PET/CT. Fifty four of the enrolled subjects had recent {sup 99mT}c HDP bone scintigraphy available for comparison. Metastatic bone lesions were identified with visual inspection on FDG PET/CT, and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was used for the quantitative analysis. Confirmation of bone metastasis was based on histopathology, combined imaging modalities, or serial follow up studies. Forty seven patients (55%) presented with soft tissue formation, while the remaining 38 patients presented without soft tissue formation. Frequent sites of bone metastases from HCC were the spine (39%), pelvis (19%), and rib cage (14%). The soft tissue formation group had more frequent bone pain (77 vs. 37%, p<0.0001), higher SUVmax (6.02 vs. 3.52, p<0.007), and higher incidence of photon defect in bone scintigraphy (75 vs. 0%) compared to the non soft tissue formation group. FDG PET/CT had higher detection rate for bone metastasis than bone scintigraphy both in lesion based analysis (98 vs. 53%, p=0.0015) and in patient based analysis (100 vs. 80%, p<0.001). Bone metastasis from HCC showed a high incidence of soft tissue formation requiring emergency treatment. Although the characteristic findings for soft tissue formation such as photon defect in bone scintigraphy are helpful in detection, overall detectability of bone metastasis is higher in FDG PET/CT. Contrast enhanced PET/CT will be useful in finding and delineating soft tissue forming bone metastasis from HCC.

  18. Sequential analysis of CT findings in herpes simplex encephalitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings of six patients with serologically confirmed herpes simplex encephalitis were analyzed sequentially. The initial change in CT scan in 3 cases was generalized cerebral edema instead of low density areas in the anterior temporal lobes, which have generally been known as the initial findings. Then, bilateral (5 cases) or unilateral (1 case) island-shaped low absorption areas in the insular cortex and the claustrum appeared within 10 days of onset in all 6 cases. These findings, especially the latter, seem to be characteristic of the acute stage and useful in the early diagnosis of herpes simplex encephalitis. The low density areas, then, spread to the temporal lobes, rectal and cingulate gyri in the subacute stage (3 cases) and finally to the frontal and occipital lobes in the chronic stage (2 cases). In the basal ganglia, thalamus, brain stem and cerebellum, however, there were no low density areas. In 2 cases there was no progression of low density areas beyond those of the acute stage. In one case there were high density areas in the temporal lobes and parapontine cisterns bilaterally. This could correspond to the pathological findings in herpes simplex encephalitis. The improvement of CT findings (or arrest at the early stage) was noted in 2 cases in which the clinical state also improved. This might well be the effect of adenine arabinoside. The one case treated with cytosine arabinoside had extensive low density areas in CT and finally died. The importance of CT in the evaluation of adenine arabinoside therapy was stressed. (author)

  19. Relationship between CT findings and electroencephalograms of children with cerebral palsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirata, Yoshiaki; Nakano, Masao; Soumiya, Kyoichi; Ito, Masamitsu; Asano, Seiji (Hamamatsu Medical Center Hospital, Shizuoka (Japan)); Tsukimura, Yasuharu

    1983-10-01

    Electroencephalograms and CT findings of 43 infants with cerebral palsy were evaluated. Nineteen of them (44%) had abnormal findings of CT. The incidences of epileptic attacks and abnormal electroencephalograms were 33% and 84% in each group, respectively, with no differences between a normal-CT group and an abnormal-CT one. In electroencephalograms, positive spikes did not correlate with abnormal CT findings, but abnormal basal waves, particularly, low voltage dysrhythmia did well. Lazy activity also correlated with the abnormal CT findings.

  20. Thoracic Imaging Findings of Collagen Vascular Diseases: A CT Study

    OpenAIRE

    Karam, Mehrdad Bakhshayesh; Peivareh, Hamideh; Mosadegh, Leila

    2014-01-01

    Background Collagen vascular diseases (CVDs) are well known causes of pulmonary involvement, leading to significant morbidity. The purpose of this study was to identify several thoracic computed tomographic findings of CVDs. Materials and Methods The study included 56 patients (15 males and 41 females) with histopathologically and clinically proven CVDs who were identified retrospectively. The presence, extent and distribution of various CT findings were evaluated by a radiologist. Results Lu...

  1. CT findings of esophageal schwannoma: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Esophageal schwannomas are a relative rare benign neoplasm that usually occurs in the upper esophagus, in the middle aged women. We report a case of a 67-year-old man with a lower esophageal schwannoma. This lesion was composed of homogenous density, iso-attenuating with the chest wall muscle on pre- and post-contrast chest computed tomography (CT). The CT findings of the esophageal schwannoma are similar to those of esophageal leiomyoma. Hense, esophageal schwannoma may be a differential diagnosis with esophageal leiomyoma.

  2. CT findings in a case of Japanese encephalitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toyomasu, Teruo; Nakashima, Kenichi; Matsumoto, Tomie; Shida, Kenshiro (Ohmuta Rosai Hospital, Fukuoka (Japan))

    1982-10-01

    A 44-year-old man was admitted to a hospital on August 1980, with chief complaints of high fever and consciousness disturbance. Three months later he was referred to our hospital. Neurological examination revealed mental deterioration, amnesia, bilateral pyramidal signs, tremor, truncal ataxia and others. Serum CF titer to Japanese encephalitis virus was 1 : 16. He was diagnosed as having Japanese encephalitis from the clinical features and serological response. CT scans showed low density areas in bilateral thalami, the left ganglia, left internal capsule, left substantia nigra and others. It is noticeable that the CT findings were compatible with the pathological changes of Japanese encephalitis.

  3. CT findings in a case of Japanese encephalitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 44-year-old man was admitted to a hospital on August 1980, with chief complaints of high fever and consciousness disturbance. Three months later he was referred to our hospital. Neurological examination revealed mental deterioration, amnesia, bilateral pyramidal signs, tremor, truncal ataxia and others. Serum CF titer to Japanese encephalitis virus was 1 : 16. He was diagnosed as having Japanese encephalitis from the clinical features and serological response. CT scans showed low density areas in bilateral thalami, the left ganglia, left internal capsule, left substantia nigra and others. It is noticeable that the CT findings were compatible with the pathological changes of Japanese encephalitis. (author)

  4. Hereditary angio-edema involving the gastrointestinal tract: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of hereditary angio-edema in a young man presenting with recurrent abdominal pain for many years. The diagnosis was suspected on the basis of abdominal CT performed during an abdominal attack and was then confirmed by the measurement of serum concentration of C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH). To our knowledge, this is the first case reported of the hereditary form of angio-edema with isolated abdominal pain and in which the diagnosis was suggested by abdominal CT findings. (orig.)

  5. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumour: CT and MRI Findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Sperandio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST is extremely rare malignancy in the general population, occurring more frequently in patients with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1. In the literature five cases of MPNST arising from the parapharyngeal space (PPS in patients without neurofibromatosis have been reported. We report imaging techniques in a patient with MPNST in the PPS, who had neither a family history nor sign of NF1. Computed tomography (CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI were performed for a correct therapeutic planning. CT and MRI findings were correlated with hystopathological diagnosis.

  6. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumour: CT and MRI Findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sperandio, Massimiliano; Di Poce, Isabelle; Ricci, Aurora; Di Trapano, Roberta; Costanzo, Elisa; Di Cello, Pierfrancesco; Pelle, Fabio; Izzo, Luciano; Simonetti, Giovanni

    2013-01-01

    Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST) is extremely rare malignancy in the general population, occurring more frequently in patients with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). In the literature five cases of MPNST arising from the parapharyngeal space (PPS) in patients without neurofibromatosis have been reported. We report imaging techniques in a patient with MPNST in the PPS, who had neither a family history nor sign of NF1. Computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed for a correct therapeutic planning. CT and MRI findings were correlated with hystopathological diagnosis. PMID:23970990

  7. Analysis of cranial CT-scan findings in cerebral palsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT-scan findings of 87 cerebral palsied children were studied. They consist of 23 cases of spastic quadriplegia, 9 cases of diplegia, 12 cases of paraplegia, 24 cases of athetosis and mixed type, and 19 cases of hemiplegia. In the former four types, ventricular dilatation and cortical atrophy were measured and abnormal changes in cerebral substance and cerebellar atrophy were observed. Spastic quadriplegia showed most intense changes in every aspect of the abnormalities, while paraplegia had almost normal appearance. Athetosis and mixed type had moderate changes. Hemiplegia always showed asymmetrical view on CT-scan, dilatation of lateral ventricle or atrophy of hemisphere in contralateral side being observed. (author)

  8. Analysis of cranial CT-scan findings in cerebral palsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wada, F.; Andoh, T.; Une, K.; Takamatsu, T. (Kitakyushu Municipal Sogo-Ryoiku Center (Japan))

    1981-06-01

    CT-scan findings of 87 cerebral palsied children were studied. They consist of 23 cases of spastic quadriplegia, 9 cases of diplegia, 12 cases of paraplegia, 24 cases of athetosis and mixed type, and 19 cases of hemiplegia. In the former four types, ventricular dilatation and cortical atrophy were measured and abnormal changes in cerebral substance and cerebellar atrophy were observed. Spastic quadriplegia showed most intense changes in every aspect of the abnormalities, while paraplegia had almost normal appearance. Athetosis and mixed type had moderate changes. Hemiplegia always showed asymmetrical view on CT-scan, dilatation of lateral ventricle or atrophy of hemisphere in contralateral side being observed.

  9. CT findings of esophageal schwannoma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Man Ho; Ryu, Dae Shick; Eom, Dae Woon; Shin, Dong Rock; Choi, Soo Jung; Ahn, Jae Hong; Park, Man Soo; Yoo, Dong Kon [Gangneung Asan Hospital, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Gangneung (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-03-15

    Esophageal schwannomas are a relative rare benign neoplasm that usually occurs in the upper esophagus, in the middle aged women. We report a case of a 67-year-old man with a lower esophageal schwannoma. This lesion was composed of homogenous density, iso-attenuating with the chest wall muscle on pre- and post-contrast chest computed tomography (CT). The CT findings of the esophageal schwannoma are similar to those of esophageal leiomyoma. Hense, esophageal schwannoma may be a differential diagnosis with esophageal leiomyoma.

  10. CT findings of overian teratomas : mature versus immature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jong Chul; Kim, Young Wol [Chungnam National Univ. School of Medicine, Taejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-12-01

    To differentiate mature and immature ovarian teratomas, using CT findings. The CT findings of ten mature ovarian teratomas (in one patient, bilateral) and ten which were immature were compared, using statistical analysis. Images were evaluated for size, margins, architecture, contents (mural nodules, fat, calcification), septa, local invasion and distant metastasis. These findings were compared with pathologic findings. Of the ten mature tumors, nine were well defined and predominantly cystic in internal architecture, and one was mixed. Mural nodules were found in six tumor, fat in all, distinct calcification in seven, and regular septa in three lesions. Of the ten immature humors, eight had irregular margins. Seven were predominantly solid in internal architecture and irregularly enhanced, two were mixed, and one was mainly cystic. Fat was detected in five lesions, indistinct scattered calcification in six, irregular septa in three, and local invasion of distant metastasis in four patients. Compared with mature ovarian teratomas, those that are immature tend to show CT findings of marginal irregularity, solid mass with irregular enhacement, scattered indistinct calcifications, septal irregularity, local invasion or distant metastasis. Our experience suggests that these findings may be helpful in differentiation of mature and immature ovarian teratomas.

  11. CT findings of hereditary dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hereditary dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) has recently been recognized as a clinicopathological entity. It may be defined as a multisystem degenerative disease of dominant inheritance, and characterized clinically by a combination of epilepsy, myoclonus, ataxia, dementia, and choreo-athetosis. This paper reports on the CT findings of ten patients (in four families) with DRPLA. In two families, the diagnosis was established on the basis of the clinicopathological findings, while in the other two, the diagnosis was made clinically. Although the CT findings were not identical in all patients, some degree of atrophic change was always observed in the cerebellum, brainstem, and cerebral cortex. Cerebellar atrophy was always accompanied by a dilatation of the fourth ventricle. Midbrain atrophy was characterized by a prominent tegmental atrophy and aqueductal dilatation, such as is seen in progressive supranuclear palsy. Of the four patients over 40 years of age, three had a diffuse hypodensity of the cerebral white matter on CT. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reports on this hypodensity in patients with spino-cerebellar degeneration or Huntington's chorea. CT may be helpful in the differential diagnosis of progressive neuro-degenerative disorders. (author)

  12. The clinical findings and CT diagnosis of diffuse axonal injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the clinical manifestations, characteristic CT findings and pathologic mechanism of diffuse axonal injury(DAI). Methods: The clinical materials and CT images of 58 cases of DAI were analyzed. Results: The clinical findings of DAI: (1) an acceleration or deceleration and spiral injury of head; (2) immediate coma after injury; (3) abnormalities of vital sign; (4) alternated muscle tone of extremities; (5) absence of local neurological sign. The diagnostic criterions of CT images: (1) multiple hemorrhagic lesions smaller than 2cm in diameter at the cortex-medulla junction or the axial area; (2) diffuse cerebral swellings; (3) general decompression and even disappearance of ventricles and cisterns; (4)non or moderate median structures dislocation (less than 5mm); (5) coexistence of other intra-cranial trauma. Conclusion: Combining with clinical findings and CT signs, a diagnosis of DAI can be established. Diffuse brain swelling (DBS) occurred by primary hypothalamus and vasomotor center of brain stem damaged is a special type. (authors)

  13. CT findings of hereditary dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tokiguchi, Susumu; Kurashima, Akihiko; Tsuchiya, Toshiaki; Ito, Jusuke; Naito, Haruhiko; Nagai, Hiroko; Wakabayashi, Masatoshi; Morita, Masahiro

    1987-12-01

    Hereditary dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) has recently been recognized as a clinicopathological entity. It may be defined as a multisystem degenerative disease of dominant inheritance, and characterized clinically by a combination of epilepsy, myoclonus, ataxia, dementia, and choreo-athetosis. This paper reports on the CT findings of ten patients (in four families) with DRPLA. In two families, the diagnosis was established on the basis of the clinicopathological findings, while in the other two, the diagnosis was made clinically. Although the CT findings were not identical in all patients, some degree of atrophic change was always observed in the cerebellum, brainstem, and cerebral cortex. Cerebellar atrophy was always accompanied by a dilatation of the fourth ventricle. Midbrain atrophy was characterized by a prominent tegmental atrophy and aqueductal dilatation, such as is seen in progressive supranuclear palsy. Of the four patients over 40 years of age, three had a diffuse hypodensity of the cerebral white matter on CT. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reports on this hypodensity in patients with spino-cerebellar degeneration or Huntington's chorea. CT may be helpful in the differential diagnosis of progressive neuro-degenerative disorders.

  14. CT findings of laryngeal tuberculosis : comparison with laryngeal carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the value of CT(Computerized Tomography) in the diagnosis of laryngeal tuberculosis and to assess to what extent its characteristic findings different from those of laryngeal carcinoma. CT scans of twelve patients with laryngeal tuberculosis were reviewed and compared with those of fifteen patients with laryngeal cancer, retrospectively. Clinical symptoms, laryngoscopic examinations and the presence of pulmonary tuberculosis chest radiographs were also reviewed. In laryngeal tuberculosis, bilateral symmetric or asymmetric involvement was noted in nine(75%) patients, while unilateral involvement was seen in three(25%). This was significantly different from laryngeal cancer in which unilateral involvement was noted in twelve patients(80%). Diffuse thickening of the free margin of the epiglottis was a characteristic and frequent finding in tuberculosis(n=6, 50%). No deep submucosal infiltration of preepiglottic and paralaryngeal fat spaces is seen in tuberculosis in spite of large areas of involvement of laryngeal mucosa, while twelve patients(80%) with laryngeal cancer showed thickened deep infiltration which resulted in a submucosal mass. CT was useful in the diagnosis of laryngeal tuberculosis and its CT findings were characterized by bilateral involvement, thickening of the free margin of the epiglottis and good preservation of preepiglottic and paralaryngeal fat spaces in spite of large areas of involvement

  15. CT scan findings of patients with Rett syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, Hisaharu; Takanashi, Aiko; Hirayama, Yoshito; Sakuragawa, Norio; Arima, Masataka; Tateno, Akihiko; Koide, Hiroyoshi.

    1989-05-01

    CT findings and clinical features were analyzed in 16 female patients with Rett syndrome, whose ages were between 4 and 20. Fifteen patients had microcrania. Twelve patients were able to stand and run; however, the remaining 4 patients had the only ability to sit. CT revealed an atrophy of the ponse and various degrees of dilatation in the Silvian fissure, frontal sulcus, and space between the cranium and the frontal polar lobe. An atrophy in the frontal lobe, cerebral cortex surrounding the Silvian fissure, and white matter directly below the cortex seemed to have an important role in the occurrence of this syndrome. There was, however, no definitive correlation between the degree of atrophy and both the patient's age and motor function. Serial CT scannings with clinical process are required. (Namekawa, K).

  16. Radiology of trigeminal neuralgia; With special reference to CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsumoto, Shunichi; Kishikawa, Takashi; Kudo, Sho (Saga Medical School, Saga (Japan)) (and others)

    1990-05-01

    CT findings in ninty-nine patients with trigeminal neuralgia were reviewed. Brain tumors including three trigeminal neurinomas, three meningiomas, one epidermoid, one acoustic neurinoma, were found in eight cases as a cause of symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia. Among seventy-nine patients with idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia, four cases had vascular decompression surgery because of the tortuous, ectatic or anomalous vertebrobasilar artery. Among the other seventy-five non-surgical cases, seventeen cases showed the tortuous and/or ectatic vertebrobasilar artery on CT, and this group of patients showed slightly higher recurrence rate of trigeminal neuralgia after nerve block or medication compared with other non-surgical patients. CT is thought to be a useful screening imaging modality for evaluation of patients with trigeminal neuralgia, and angiography is required for precise evaluation of the compressing vessels when surgical treatment is contemplated. (author).

  17. CT of lumbar spine disk herniation: correlation with surgical findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Firooznia, H.; Benjamin, V.; Kricheff, I.I.; Rafii, M.; Golimbu, C.

    1984-03-01

    Computed tomography (CT) of the lumbar spine was performed with selectively positioned 5-mm-thick axial cross sections to examine each disk level from the top of the neural foramen to the pedicle of the next caudad vertebra. One hundred consecutive patients with 116 surgical disk explorations were reviewed. There was agreement between the CT and surgical findings in 89 patients (104 explorations) in determination of presence or absence of a herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP). Discrepancy occurred in 12 instances (11 patients): two because of incorrect interpretations, five in previously operated patients, three in spondylolisthesis, and two in spinal stenosis. There were 97 true-positives, eight false-negatives, seven true-negatives, and four false-positives. If nine previously operated patients are excluded from the study, then CT was accurate in detection of presence or absence of an HNP in 93% of the disk explorations.

  18. CT scan findings of patients with Rett syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings and clinical features were analyzed in 16 female patients with Rett syndrome, whose ages were between 4 and 20. Fifteen patients had microcrania. Twelve patients were able to stand and run; however, the remaining 4 patients had the only ability to sit. CT revealed an atrophy of the ponse and various degrees of dilatation in the Silvian fissure, frontal sulcus, and space between the cranium and the frontal polar lobe. An atrophy in the frontal lobe, cerebral cortex surrounding the Silvian fissure, and white matter directly below the cortex seemed to have an important role in the occurrence of this syndrome. There was, however, no definitive correlation between the degree of atrophy and both the patient's age and motor function. Serial CT scannings with clinical process are required. (Namekawa, K)

  19. CT findings in children with blunt trauma in the spleen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We evaluated CT findings in 19 children with blunt injuries in the spleen. CT demonstrated laceration of the spleen in 7 children, rupture of the spleen in 7, and splenic hematoma in 5. Leakage of the contrast medium was observed in 3 children, of whom 1 was treated by arterial embolization. Laparotomy was performed in 3 children (15.8%) other than the 3 showing contrast medium leakage; hemostasis by compression was performed in 1 with laceration, and splenectomy in 2 with rupture. Late splenic rupture or abscess did not occur in any child. One child (5.3%) died of complicating injuries. Many of children with blunt splenic injuries can be successfully treated with conservative treatment, and CT scanning is useful for evaluating the degree of splenic injuries and complicating injuries. (author)

  20. CT findings of cerebrovascular diseases in patients with atrial fibrillation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings of cerebrovascular diseases were studied in 111 patients with atrial fibrillation (Af). One of these patients had cerebral hemorrhage, and another, subarachnoid hemorrhage, while the others all had cerebral infarctions. CT revealed 122 lesions with a low-density area (LDA) in 105 patients. Based on the cerebral artery territory, the 122 CT lesions were classified into the following 8 types: 10 hemispheric, 43 superficial, 23 deep, 28 superficial+deep, 1 anterior cerebral artery, 6 posterior cerebral artery, 10 watershed, and 1 vertebrobasilar. Therefore, infarctions of the internal carotid artery (ICA) system, including 94 infarctions of the middle cerebral artery territory, were most frequent, accounting for 94% of all lesions. The ratio of the left to the right infarctions of the ICA system was 1.1:1. However, it should be noted that non-embolic infarctions can occur even patients with Af. (author)

  1. The value of brain CT findings in acute methanol toxicity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taheri, Morteza Sanei [Department of Radiology, Shohada Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Poison Control Center, Loghman-Hakim Poison Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: saneim@yahoo.com; Moghaddam, Hossein Hassanian [Poison Control Center, Loghman-Hakim Poison Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Moharamzad, Yashar; Dadgari, Shahrzad [Department of Radiology, Shohada Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Nahvi, Vahideh [Poison Control Center, Loghman-Hakim Poison Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2010-02-15

    Objective: Due to depressant effects of methanol on the central nervous system, brain computed tomography (CT) scan has been introduced as a diagnostic device in methanol intoxication. The authors aimed to present brain CT findings in patients with acute methanol intoxication and to determine signs associated with death. Materials and methods: This cohort study involved 42 consecutive patients with acute methanol intoxication. Inclusion criteria were consisted of characteristic clinical presentation of methanol poisoning, and metabolic acidosis with increased anion and osmolar gaps. Brain CT scans without contrast medium were obtained. To determine the association between the CT findings and death, the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test, odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated. Results: Twenty-eight patients (66.6%) had a total of 55 abnormal findings on brain CT, in which bilateral putaminal hypodense lesions was the most common manifestation (27 cases, 96.4%). Putaminal hemorrhage with varying degrees was observed in 7 patients (25%). Six patients (21.4%) had low attenuation lesions in the subcortical white matter of the insula. A significant association was observed between putaminal hemorrhage (OR = 8, 95% CI = 1.187-53.93, P = 0.018) and subcortical necrosis of the insula (OR = 11, 95% CI = 1.504-80.426, P = 0.007) with death. Conclusion: In addition to clinical and laboratory findings, presence of putaminal hemorrhage and insular subcortex white matter necrosis are associated with a poor clinical outcome in patients with methanol poisoning.

  2. Pulmonary fat embolism induced intravenous injection of autologous bone marrow in rabbit: CT and pathologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the correlation between CT and pathologic findings of pulmonary fat embolism in rabbits. In 16 rabbits, pulmonary fat embolism was induced by intravenous injection of autologous bone marrow(mean 3.3 mL). Chest CT scans were obtained immediately(within 1 hour), and 1, 3, and 7 days after embolization. The rabbits were divided into four groups. Group 1 underwent CT scanning immediately after embolization, group 2 immediately and 1 day after embolization, group 3 immediately, 1 day and 3 days after embolization, group 4 immediately, 1 day, 3 days and 7 days after embolization. Pathologic specimens were obtained immediately after the last CT scan. The earliest CT findings of pulmonary fat embolism in rabbits were peripheral lung lucency(16/16, 100%), perivascular ground-glass(12/16, 75.0%) and enlargement of the central pulmonary artery(11/16, 68.8%). Pathologically, perivascular ground-glass opacity correlated with extensive perivascular alveolar congestion and enlargement of the central pulmonary artery correlated with perivascular connective tissue edema and reactive pulmonary arterial engorgement. Peripheral lung lucency was probably caused by embolic occlusion of the pulmonary artery and decreased perfusion and air trapping induced by arterial and bronchial spasm associated with hypoxia. CT scans obtained 1 and 3 days after embolization showed nodules and patchy ground-glass opacity and consolidation. Aggregation of nodules resulted in patch opacities. Pathologically, pulmonary nodules correlated with focal inflammation surrounding an artery and parenchymal opacity correlated with parenchymal consolidation and hemorrhagic edema. CT scans and pathologic specimens obtained 7 days after embolization showed improvement of parenchymal lung abnormalities. Pulmonary fat embolism in rabbits show CT and pathologic findings which vary with dynamic change. Typical earliest findings of pulmonary fat embolism were peripheral lung lucency, perivascular ground

  3. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the tracheobronchial tree: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the CT findings of mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the tracheobronchial tree and improve the diagnostic accuracy. Methods: The CT images, histopathological and clinical data in 24 patients with pathologically proved MEC of the tracheobroncbial tree were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The clinical symptoms included cough, sputum, fever, wheezing, chest pain and hemoptysis. The patient was proved to be low-grade (n=19) and high-grade (n=5) MEC histopathologically. One lesion was located in trachea, 6 in main bronchus, 12 in lobar bronchus and 5 in segmental, subsegmental and distal bronchus. The tumor presented as no-invasive endotracheobronchial welldefined round-like nodule (n=13, locating in lobar and higher bronchus) and columnar sharp (n=3, locating in main bronchus), or intra-and-extraluminal well-defined round-like nodule or mass (n=6, locating in lobar and lower bronchus) and irregular mass with invasive pattern (n=2, high-grade type). The density of lesion was similar to the muscule and the calcification within lesion was showed in 4 patients on non-enhanced CT. The lesion had marked enhancement in 17 patients on enhanced CT. Obstructive changes were found in 20 patients. Conclusion: MEC of the tracheobronchial tree is usually low-grade malignancy and locates in main and lobar bronchus with no-invasive well-defined airway mass, marked enhancement and calcification on CT. (authors)

  4. CT findings of fundal hemorrhage in subarachnoid hemorrhage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The patient was a 66-year-old man. He lost consciousness as a result of a third subarachnoid hemorrhage attack. On neurological examination, he was found to be comatose and to have no spontaneous respiration. A mydriasis was noticed on both eyes. Bilateral retinal bleeding was also observed, with the bleeding of the left side more severe than that of the right side. After his death, his brain and eyes were examined by means of a CT scan. The CT films showed a severe subarachnoid hemorrhage and ventricular hematoma. The thin-sliced CT films showed left retinal bleeding. Retinal bleeding may be caused by a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Usually we make a sketch of the retinal bleeding on the basis of a doctor's report. A photo of an optic fundus is a good record; however, taking a photo is troublesome for severely ill patients. The CT finding of retinal bleeding is gross, but a CT image is one good way to record retinal bleeding. (author)

  5. Findings and use of CT for pleural empyemas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chest radiographs and CT images of 25 patients with pleural empyemas were compared retrospectively with those of 20 patients with pleural exudates and transdudates in order to determine criteria for differential diagnosis and to define the place of CT in the diagnosis of pleural empyemas. The sign which was most suggestive of an empyema on a chest radiograph was an encapsulated effusion in an atypical position (18/25); this was found in only 4 out of 20 exudates and in none of the transudates. On CT, changes in the pleura, the subcostal tissues and the configuration and position of the fluid were suggestive of an empyema. In nearly all patients with a pleural empyema there was thickening and increased contrast uptake of the parietal pleura (22/25) and thickening and increased density oft the subcostal tissues (23/25). Usually, empyemas were encapsulated and biconvex (20/25). None of the patients with pleural transudates showed any of these changes. In the presence of some pleural exudates, pleural (14/20) or thoracic (11/20) changes were noted. In part, these changes were due to previous treatment (sclerotherapy) or tumour infiltration (7/20). An attempt to correlate the CT findings with changes in the pleura and subcostal tissues with the clinical empyema stages I-III, according to Light, showed that CT was unable to distinguish between early and late empyemas. Consequently, diagnostic aspiration remains necessary for correct treatment. (orig.)

  6. CEREBRAL HYDATID DISEASE: CT AND MR IMAGING FINDINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajay

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Cerebral hydatid disease is very rare, representing only 2% of all cerebral space occupying lesions even in the countries where the disease is endemic. The aim of this paper is to describe the characteristic features of cerebral hydatid disease in computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. METHODS: Here is a case 25yr/m who presented to neurosurgery OPD with complaints of headache, vomiting, right sided weakness and seizures for 2 weeks. CT and MRI were the imaging modalities to reach the diagnosis which was pathologically confirmed postoperatively as hydatid disease. RESULTS: CT and MR imaging findings of E. granulosus lesions were well defined, smooth thin-walled, spherical, homogeneous cystic lesions with no contrast enhancement, no calcification, and no surrounding oedema. CONCLUSION: Although cystic cerebral hydatid disease is well demonstrated by CT and MR examinations, CT is superior in detecting calcification in the cyst, when present, MR is better in demonstrating cyst capsule, detecting multiplicity and defining the anatomic relationship of the lesion with the adjacent structures, and it is more helpful in surgical planning.

  7. CT findings in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is thought to be a rare complication of pulmonary embolism. However, it was recently demonstrated that CTEPH is more common than previously thought after pulmonary embolism. Without treatment, CTEPH is associated with a very high mortality rate. Making the correct diagnosis early is essential, because there is a potential curative treatment in the form of pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE). Because of the unspecific clinical symptoms of CTEPH, the different imaging modalities play a crucial role in diagnosis making. Since the introduction of the multi-detector CT technology, CT has become an important part in the diagnostic work up of pulmonary embolism and CTEPH and is often used as a first-line diagnostic tool. CT is not only a reliable tool for the diagnosis of CTEPH, but also is helpful in estimating the operability of these patients. PTE is still associated with a mortality rate of about 10%. Particularly an insufficient decrease of the pulmonary vascular resistance after PTE leads to a very high mortality rate. Therefore, it is crucial to correlate the degree of the surgical accessible obstruction of the pulmonary vasculature with the degree of pulmonary hypertension in deciding for or against PTE. The aim of this review is to describe the CT findings in patients with CTEPH and their use in differentiating CTEPH from other diseases like acute pulmonary embolism and primary pulmonary hypertension. Moreover, the correlation of different CT imaging features with surgical success after PTE will be discussed. (orig.)

  8. Double contrast CT arthrographic findings of shoulder instability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glenno-humeral joint is a ball and socket joint. It has the greatest range of movement among all the joints of the body. The greatest range of movement is inevitably accompanied by a considerable loss in stability. Thirty three persons underwent Double Contrast CT arthrography of the shoulder for the evaluation of suspected shoulder derangement. We performed 62 shoulder arthrography(33 abnormal shoulders and 29 normal shoulders) and reviewed their findings retrospectively. They had recurrent shoulder dislocation(30 shoulders) or nonspecific shoulder pain(3 shoulders). Injury of the glenoid labrum was seen in 28 shoulders at double contrast CT arthrography. Among 28 cases of the labral injury, labral detachment was seen in 15 cases, labral tear in 5 cases, and labral erosion in 8 cases. Double contrast CT arthrography also showed Hill-Sachs defection in 20 shoulders. The numbers of type 1, type 2, and type 3 capsulolabral attachment in 33 shoulder instability cases were 10, 16,and 7, respectivity, while, 16, 12, and , 1 in 29 normal controls. Type 2 and 3 are more common in shoulder instability group than normal control group. Operation was done in 18 shoulders. Comparing with operation findings, the sensitivity of double contrast CT arthrography in the detection of Hill-Sachs defect was 100% with the specificity of 71% and the accuracy of 89%. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of double contrast CT arthrography in the detection of labral injury were 94%, 100%, and 95%, respectively. Double contrast CT arthrography is a minimally invasive and highly accurate technique for in the evaluation of glenohumeral instability

  9. Differential diagnosis between chronic otitis media with and without cholesteatoma by temporal bone CT: focus on bone change and mass effect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to determine specific differences, we compared the temporal bone CT findings of chronic otitis media (COM) with and without cholesteatoma, focusing on bone change. Between 1997 and 1998, 82 patients (84 cases) underwent temporal bone CT and were shown to have COM, with or without cholesteatoma after mastoidectomy and tympanoplasty. There were 36 cases of COM with cholesteatoma (26 patients, M:F =3D 11:15; age range, 16-61 (mean, 36,2) years), and 58 cases without chlesteatoma (56 patients, M:F =3D 25:31, age range, 15-61 (mean, 36.2) years). The findings of temporal bone CT were analysed at the point of bony changes including erosion and medial displacement of ossicles (malleus, incus, and stapes), erosion or destruction of the scutum, tegmen, facial canal, and lateral semicircular canal, and ballooning of the tympanic cavity and mastoid antrum. In addition, the soft tissue changes seen on temporal bone CT were analyzed at the site of lateral bulging of soft tissue in Prussak's space, perforation of the pars flaccida, tympanic membrane retraction, and tympanosclerosis. We retrospectively compared the findings of temporal bone CT with the surgical findings, and to assess statistical significance, the Chi-square test was used. Bone erosion or destruction was seen in 36.2% of COM cases without cholesteatoma, and in 96.2% of cases with cholesteatoma. Comparing COM with and without cholesteatoma, the erosion of ossicles including the malleus (81%, 24%), incus (88%, 14%), stapes (58%, 10%), scutum (88%, 10%), facial canal (8%, 0%), and lateral semicircular canal (8%, 0%), was more common in COM with cholesteatoma (p-value less than 0.05), with the exception of erosion of the tegmen (8%, 3%). Other bony changes including medial displacement of ossicles (27%, 3%), ballooning of tympanic cavity and mastoid antrum (96%, 16%), and the soft tissue changes including lateral bulging of soft tissue in Prussak's space (58%, 14%) and perforation of the pars flaccida (35

  10. CT imaging of bone and bone marrow infiltration in malignant melanoma--Challenges and limitations for clinical staging in comparison to 18FDG-PET/CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bier, Georg; Hoffmann, Vera; Kloth, Christopher; Othman, Ahmed E; Eigentler, Thomas; Garbe, Claus; La Fougère, Christian; Pfannenberg, Christina; Nikolaou, Konstantin; Klumpp, Bernhard

    2016-04-01

    Rationale of this study was the evaluation of the diagnostic value of computed tomography (CT) in the detection of bone marrow infiltration in comparison to PET/CT. Fifty patients (age 61 ± 15.12 years) with metastatic malignant melanoma underwent 18F-FDG-PET/CT, including contrast-enhanced CT. 2 readers evaluated the CT images in consensus for bone and bone marrow lesions focusing on lesion location, type and size. PET/CT was used as reference standard to estimate sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive value. Moreover, the bone marrow density was estimated in the long bones and the sacral bone. Serum hamoglobin, thrombocyte level and S100 protein were correlated with the presence or absence of bone and bone marrow lesions. According to PET/CT as standard of reference, of 594 bone and medullary lesions 495 were considered malignant. Of these 77.8% were medullary, 20.4% lytic, 1% sclerotic and 0.8% mixed lytic/sclerotic. Contrast-enhanced CT yielded a lesion-based sensitivity of 36.8% and a specificity of 87.9% (PPV 93.8%; NPV 21.8%). Patient-based sensitivity and specificity were 78.8% and 82.4%, respectively. Of the missed lesions, most were medullary (95.8%). A disseminated bone marrow involvement (defined as >10 bone marrow lesions or diffuse infiltration of a whole body segment) was described in 11 cases, in 6 cases the disseminated involvement was underestimated or missed on CT. In cases with disseminated bone marrow involvement the bone marrow density was significantly higher in the humerus (p=0.04), but not in the femur or sacral bone (p=0.06). Multivariate analysis revealed no isolated effect of bone metastases on S100 serum and hemoglobin level, but both were significantly altered in patients with disseminated bone marrow involvement (p<0.05). In conclusion, the diagnostic value of computed tomography for the detection of bone marrow metastases in patients with melanoma, is limited. Especially in cases with disseminated bone marrow

  11. Assessment of bone marrow inflammation in patients with myelofibrosis: an {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Derlin, Thorsten [Hannover Medical School, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Hannover (Germany); University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hamburg (Germany); Alchalby, Haefaa; Triviai, Ioanna; Kroeger, Nicolaus [University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Clinic for Stem Cell Transplantation, Hamburg (Germany); Bannas, Peter [University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hamburg (Germany); Veldhoen, Simon [University Medical Center Wuerzburg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Wuerzburg (Germany); Apostolova, Ivayla [Otto-von-Guericke University, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Magdeburg (Germany); Bengel, Frank M. [Hannover Medical School, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Hannover (Germany)

    2015-04-01

    Myelofibrosis is a haematopoietic stem cell neoplasm characterized by bone marrow inflammation, reactive marrow fibrosis and extramedullary haematopoiesis. The aim of this study was to determine if {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT can be used to noninvasively visualize and quantify the extent and activity of bone marrow involvement. In 30 patients, the biodistribution of {sup 18}F-FDG was analysed by measuring the standardized uptake value in the bone marrow compartment and spleen. Imaging findings were compared with laboratory, cytogenetic and histopathological data. Retention of {sup 18}F-FDG was observed in bone marrow and spleen. Bone marrow involvement varied, ranging from mildly increased uptake in the central skeleton to extensive uptake in most parts of the skeleton. The extent of bone marrow involvement decreased over time from initial diagnosis (r{sub s} = -0.43, p = 0.019). Metabolic activity of the bone marrow decreased as the histopathological grade of fibrosis increased (r{sub s} = -0.37, p = 0.04). There was a significant positive correlation between the metabolic activity of the bone marrow and that of the spleen (p = 0.04). {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT is as a promising technique for the quantitation of bone marrow inflammation in myelofibrosis. Our data indicate that the intensity of bone marrow {sup 18}F-FDG uptake decreases as bone marrow fibrosis increases. Further evaluation in prospective studies is required to determine the potential clinical impact and prognostic significance of PET. (orig.)

  12. Acute cholecystitis: two-phase spiral CT finding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Eung Young; Yoon, Myung Hwan; Yang, Dal Mo; Chun Seok; Bae, Jun Gi; Kim, Hak Soo; Kim, Hyung Sik [Chungang Ghil Hospital, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-07-01

    To describe the two-phase spiral CT findings of acute cholecystitis. Materials and Methods : CT scans of nine patients with surgically-proven acute cholecystitis were retrospectively reviewed for wall thickening, enhancement pattern of the wall, attenuation of the liver adjacent to the gallbladder, gallstones,gallbladder distension, gas collection within the gallbladder, pericholecystic fluid and infiltration of pericholecystic fat. Results : In all cases, wall thickening of the gallbladder was seen, though this was more distinct on delayed images, Using high-low-high attenuation, one layer was seen in five cases, nd three layers in four. On arterial images, eight cases showed transient focal increased attenuation of the liver adjacent to the gall bladder;four of these showed curvilinear attenuation and four showed subsegmental attenuation. One case showed curvilinear decreased attenuation between increased attenuation of the liver and the gallbladder, and during surgery, severe adhesion between the liver and gallbladder was confirmed. Additional CT findings were infiltration of pericholecystic fat (n=9), gallstones (n=7), gallbladder distension (n=6), pericholecystic fluid(n=3), and gas collection within the gallbladder (n=2). Conclusion : In patients with acute cholecystitis,two-phase spiral CT revealed wall thickening in one or three layers ; on delayed images this was more distinct. In many cases, arterial images showed transient focal increased attenuation of the liver adjacent to the gallbladder.

  13. CT findings of pulmonary cryptococcosis in immunocompetent children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: The aim of our study was to study the CT findings of cryptococcosis in immunocompetent children. Methods: CT scan and clinical data of 21 immunocompetent children with proven pulmonary cryptococcosis were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results: The CT scans demonstrated 1 mm subpleural nodule in the lingula of left lung in 1 patient and multiple nodules in 20 patients.Of 20 patients with multiple nodules, peripheral or subpleural distribution was found in 12 patients,and diffuse distribution in 8 patients. Of 20 patients with multiple nodules,Nodules of < 10 mm was found in 18 patients,< 3 mm in 14 patients, and > 10 mm in 2 patients. Round nodular with smooth margin was detected in 15 of 20 patients with multiple nodules. Lymphadenopathy was found in 17 patients including 3 patients with mild contrast enhancement and 2 patients with circular enhancement. Extrapulmonary lesions distributing in liver, spleen, kidney, and the nervous system were found in 14 patients. In follow-up, 1 patient died and 20 patients fully recovered. Conclusions: Pulmonary multiple nodules with lymphadenopathy is the characteristic CT findings in immunocompetent children with pulmonary cryptococcosis which is prone to involve multiple extra-pulmonary organs. (authors)

  14. Intracranial tuberculosis in children : CT findings before and after treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To analyze the CT findings of intracranial tuberculosis in children at initial stage and during follow-up after treatment. We evaluated 25 patients who were diagnosed by CSF analysis or response to anti-tuberculous medication as suffering from intracranial tuberculosis. There were 13 boys and 12 girls aged between 4 months and 14 years. Twenty-five initial and sixty-three follow-up CT scans were retrospectively analyzed. We evaluated the pattern of cisternal enhancement, the locations of infarction, and the presence of calcification and parenchymal granuloma. The changes of hydrocephalus and related complications, as well as cisternal abnormality during anti-tuberculous medication were also evaluated. The initial findings on CT scan were hydrocephalus(75%), cisternal obliteration in precontrast study(64%), thick-line or ring-shaped cisternal enhancement on postcontrast study(44%), infarctions(32%), calcifications(32%), periventricular edema(28%), and parenchymal granulomas(16%). On follow-up CT scan, hydrocephalus and cisternal enhancement had decreased to 35% and 82%, respectively, and the granulomas had changed to calcified nodules(100%). Ventriculo-peritoneal shunt or external ventricular drainage was needed in nine patient, and ventriculitis or complication of shunt procedure developed in four. Intracranial tuberculosis in children presented predominantly as meningitis involving basal cisterns and was associated with hydrocephalus. Infarction and calcification may be seen as parenchymal lesion. In spite of medical treatment, drainage was needed in about half the patients. During this treatment, the resolution of hydrocephalus, decreased cisternal enhancement, and calcification of the granlomas were seen

  15. CT findings of signet ring cell carcinoma of the stomach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Signet-ring cell carcinoma is rather invasive and infiltrative than other histologic types of gastric cancer. We evaluated the characteristic CT findings of signet-ring cell carcinoma especially in the intensity and pattern of contrast enhancement. We analyzed the CT findings of 22 cases with histologically proven signet-ring cell carcinoma, and compared them with those of 35 cases with histologically proven tubular adenocarcinoma. The double ring enhancement of the gastric mass was seen in 12 cases of signet-ring cell carcinoma and only one case of tubular adenocarcinoma. The masses of signet-ring cell carcinoma were enhanced more by the CT number of 10.2 than those of tubular adenocarcinoma. Of the masses of signet-ring cell carcinoma, those showed double ring enhancement were more intensely enhanced than those showed diffuse enhancement by the CT number of 22.9. We thought that neovascularity and different infiltration of the tumor cells in the gastric wall were responsible for the intense enhancement and double ring sign of signet-ring cell carcinoma. The possibility of signet-ring cell carcinoma is high if a gastric mass show double ring sign and strong contrast enhancement

  16. Appendicitis in adults with incidental midgut malrotation: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To report the computed tomography (CT) findings of acute and complicated appendicitis in adults with incidental midgut malrotation. Materials and methods: The medical records and CT studies of eight patients with appendicitis and incidental midgut malrotation who presented to two medical centres between 1998 and 2009 were reviewed. Results: All patients presented with 1–5 days of acute abdominal pain, which was diffuse in two, left-sided in two, lower abdominal in two, and in the right lower quadrant in two patients. The inflamed appendix was right-sided in three, left-sided in three, and in the midline in two patients. Three cases were complicated by a peri-appendicular abscess, and one patient also had a small bowel obstruction. All patients had a complete non-rotation with right-sided duodenum and jejunum, and left-sided colon. All eight patients had an abnormal superior mesenteric artery–superior mesenteric vein (SMA/SMV) relationship and a dysplastic uncinate process of the pancreas. Urgent surgery was performed in six patients and the remaining two were treated conservatively. Conclusion: Altered anatomy in malrotation affects the typical clinical and CT findings of acute appendicitis, therefore delaying diagnosis. When CT shows focal inflammation anywhere within the abdomen, along with an abnormal SMA/SMV relationship, the position of the caecum should be ascertained and acute appendicitis ruled out

  17. CT findings of lumbar intervertebral disc: II. Disc herniation (HNP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In lumbar region the epidural fat pad is relatively abundant so that CT can provides sufficient information in diagnosis of lumbar HNP. Many authors have reported on the CT findings of HNP such as focal nodular protrusion of the posterior disc margin, obliteration of epidural fat pad, impingement of dural sac and nerve root, swelling of nerve root, soft tissue density in the spinal canal and calcification of disc. However there was so previous report describing incidence and reliability of the findings. It is the purpose of the present study to survey the frequency, reliability, and limitation of these CT findings. The clinical material was consisted of 30 operatively proven cases of HNP of the lumbar spine. Each lumbar CT scan was reviewed retrospectively and the findings were analysed by two radiologists independently. There were 20 males and 10 females and the mean age was 36.7 years. Involvement of L4-S5 level was 2.3 times more frequent than that of L5-S1 level. Of 30 cases, 22 were unilateral posterolateral types and 8 cases central or unilateral far lateral types. CT findings observed were nodular protrusion of the posterior margin of the disc, obliteration of epidural fat pad, impingement of dural sac or nerve root, soft tissue density in the spinal canal and calcification in the posterior portion of the protruded disc, in order of decreasing frequency. The conclusions are follows: 1. Nodular protrusion of the posterior disc margin accompanied by obliteration of epidural fat pad was observed in every case. The former findings was designated as direct sign and the latter indirect. 2. Obliteration of the epidural fat appears to be significant in lateral recesses especially when it occurs unilaterally. This was not true, however, in the centrally located fat pad. 3. Impingement of the dural sac and nerve root were observed in 90% and 67%, respectively, and were very helpful in establishing HNP diagnosis when the direct and indirect signs were equivocal

  18. Inverted papilloma: CT and MR imaging findings in correlation with histologic findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dong Wook; Kim, Ki Nam; Kim, Hyun Jin; Park, Jeong Hun; Kim, Chang Soo; Kim, Hye Sook [Maryknoll General Hospital, Pusan (Korea, Republic of); No, Hwan Jung [Pusan National Univ. Hospital, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-09-01

    To evaluate CT and MR findings suggestive of inverted papilloma by correlation with pathologic finding. The CT(n=16) and MR(n=8) findings of 22 pathologically proven cases of inverted papilloma in the sinonasal cavity were retrospectively reviewed with reference to location of tumor, density/signal intensity, contrast enhanced appearance, shape and cleft air shadow at the free margin of tumors, and mass effect. These findings and pathologic findings were then correlated. All 22 tumors were located in the unilateral nasal cavity and extended into the maxillary sinus(n=17), choana(n=10), ethmoid sinus (n=8), nasopharynx(n=7), nasal vestibule(n=5) or frontal sinus(n=1). All CT scans showed that the density of tumor masses was similar to adjacent muscle. Precontrast CT scans showed no visible 'striations' within the tumor mass, but postcontrast scans revealed 'striations' of varying degree in six of nine cases. CT scans showed that the free margin of tumors was serrated(n=13) or lobulated(n=5), and in 13 cases cleft air shadow of varying shape was noted. All MR scans showed 'striations' with intermediate/slightly high signal intensity on T1WI and intermediate/high on T2WI within tumor masses, which were more prominent on postcontrast scans. On MR, the free margin of tumors was seen to be serrated(n=5) lobulated(n=4), or smooth(n=1), but cleft air shadow was detected. The 'striations'seen on postcontrast CT and MR images and the cleft air shadow with a serrated appearance seen on CT images at the free margin of tumors suggested the presence of inverted papilloma in the sinonasal cavity.

  19. Noncardiac findings on cardiac CT part I: Pros and cons.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Killeen, Ronan P

    2012-02-01

    Cardiac computed tomography (CT) has evolved into an effective imaging technique for the evaluation of coronary artery disease in selected patients. Two distinct advantages over other noninvasive imaging modalities include its ability to evaluate directly the coronary arteries and to provide an opportunity to evaluate extracardiac structures, such as the lungs and mediastinum. Some centers reconstruct a small field of view (FOV) cropped around the heart, but a full FOV (from skin to skin in the irradiated area) is obtainable in the raw data of every scan so that clinically relevant noncardiac findings are identifiable. Debate in the scientific community has centered on the necessity for this large FOV evaluation. A review of noncardiac structures provides the opportunity to make alternative diagnoses that may account for the patient\\'s presentation or to detect important but clinically silent problems such as lung cancer. Critics argue that the yield of biopsy-proven cancers is low and that the follow-up of incidental noncardiac findings is expensive, resulting in increased radiation exposure and possibly unnecessary further testing. In this two-part review we outline the issues surrounding the concept of the noncardiac read looking for noncardiac findings on cardiac CT. Part I focuses on the pros and cons of the practice of identifying noncardiac findings on cardiac CT.

  20. Nasal polyps with metaplastic ossification: CT and MR imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Yi Kyung; Kim, Hyung-Jin; Kim, Eunhee; Kim, Sung Tae [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jinna [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Seung-Kyu [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ko, Young-Hyeh [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    Metaplastic ossification is a rare event in nasal polyps. The purpose of this study was to review the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of nasal polyps with metaplastic ossification. CT (n = 5) and MR (n = 3) images of five patients (four men and one woman; mean age, 59 years) with surgically proven nasal polyp with metaplastic ossification were retrospectively reviewed. The location and morphologic characteristics of metaplastic ossification were documented as well. All lesions were seen as lobulated (n = 3), ovoid (n = 1), or dumbbell-shaped (n = 1) benign-looking masses with a mean size of 3.7 cm (range, 2.4-6.5 cm), located unilaterally in the posterior nasal cavity and nasopharynx (n = 2), posterior nasoethmoidal tract (n = 2), and maxillary sinus and nasal cavity (n = 1). Compared with the brain stem, the soft tissue components of all lesions demonstrated isoattenuation on precontrast CT scans, slight hypointensity on T1-weighted MR images, and hyperintensity on T2-weighted MR images. On contrast-enhanced MR images, heterogeneous enhancement with marked peripheral enhancement was seen in two and homogeneous moderate enhancement in one. All lesions contained centrally located radiodense materials on CT scans, the shape of which was multiple clustered in three, single nodular in one, and single large lobulated in one. Although rare, metaplastic ossification can occur within nasal polyps. The possibility of its diagnosis may be raised when one sees a benign-looking sinonasal mass with centrally located radiodense materials on CT scans. MR imaging may be useful when mycetoma or inverted papilloma cannot be ruled out on CT scans. (orig.)

  1. Quantitative assessment of bone defect healing by multidetector CT in a pig model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate multidetector CT volumetry in the assessment of bone defect healing in comparison to histopathological findings in an animal model. In 16 mini-pigs, a circumscribed tibial bone defect was created. Multidetector CT (MDCT) of the tibia was performed on a 64-row scanner 42 days after the operation. The extent of bone healing was estimated quantitatively by MDCT volumetry using a commercially available software programme (syngo Volume, Siemens, Germany).The volume of the entire defect (including all pixels from -100 to 3,000 HU), the nonconsolidated areas (-100 to 500 HU), and areas of osseous consolidation (500 to 3,000 HU) were assessed and the extent of consolidation was calculated. Histomorphometry served as the reference standard. The extent of osseous consolidation in MDCT volumetry ranged from 19 to 92% (mean 65.4 ± 18.5%). There was a significant correlation between histologically visible newly formed bone and the extent of osseous consolidation on MDCT volumetry (r = 0.82, P < 0.0001). A significant negative correlation was detected between osseous consolidation on MDCT and histological areas of persisting defect (r = -0.9, P < 0.0001). MDCT volumetry is a promising tool for noninvasive monitoring of bone healing, showing excellent correlation with histomorphometry. (orig.)

  2. Quantitative assessment of bone defect healing by multidetector CT in a pig model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riegger, Carolin; Kroepil, Patric; Lanzman, Rotem S.; Miese, Falk R.; Antoch, Gerald; Scherer, Axel [University Duesseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Duesseldorf (Germany); Jungbluth, Pascal; Hakimi, Mohssen; Wild, Michael [University Duesseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Traumatology and Hand Surgery, Duesseldorf (Germany); Hakimi, Ahmad R. [Universtity Duesseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Oral Surgery, Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2012-05-15

    To evaluate multidetector CT volumetry in the assessment of bone defect healing in comparison to histopathological findings in an animal model. In 16 mini-pigs, a circumscribed tibial bone defect was created. Multidetector CT (MDCT) of the tibia was performed on a 64-row scanner 42 days after the operation. The extent of bone healing was estimated quantitatively by MDCT volumetry using a commercially available software programme (syngo Volume, Siemens, Germany).The volume of the entire defect (including all pixels from -100 to 3,000 HU), the nonconsolidated areas (-100 to 500 HU), and areas of osseous consolidation (500 to 3,000 HU) were assessed and the extent of consolidation was calculated. Histomorphometry served as the reference standard. The extent of osseous consolidation in MDCT volumetry ranged from 19 to 92% (mean 65.4 {+-} 18.5%). There was a significant correlation between histologically visible newly formed bone and the extent of osseous consolidation on MDCT volumetry (r = 0.82, P < 0.0001). A significant negative correlation was detected between osseous consolidation on MDCT and histological areas of persisting defect (r = -0.9, P < 0.0001). MDCT volumetry is a promising tool for noninvasive monitoring of bone healing, showing excellent correlation with histomorphometry. (orig.)

  3. Measurement of vertebral bone mineral by CT scanner

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Value of exp (-rho2l).107 was calculated from the averaged density rho (evaluated from averaged CT value) and mean radius l of the soft tissue surrounding the vertabral body. This value was found to well describe the beam hardening effect on the CT value of the vertebral body. We defined the exp (-rho2l).107 as ''Beam Hardening Index (for abbreviation, BHI)''. BHI's of patients were ranged from 10 to 1000, and the medium was about 100. Calibration curve for BHI of 100 can be satisfactorily used for almost all of the patients. Therefore, it becomes unnecessary to evaluate BHI for individual patient. For a patient whose bone mineral is extremely decreased, it is necessary to measure his BHI for selecting the most adequate calibration curve. (author)

  4. CT and MR imaging findings of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis: correlation with pathologic findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shuto, R.; Kiyosue, H.; Komatsu, E.; Matsumoto, S.; Mori, H. [Oita Medical Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Radiology; Kawano, K. [Oita Medical Univ. (Japan). Dept. of First Surgery; Kondo, Y.; Yokoyama, S. [Oita Medical Univ. (Japan). Dept. of First Pathology

    2004-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate CT and MRI findings in xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) and to correlate the imaging findings with various pathologic parameters. The study included 13 patients with histopathologically confirmed XGC. The CT (n=13) and MRI (n=5) obtained in these patients were evaluated retrospectively. On CT, low-attenuation areas in the wall of XGC correlated with foam and inflammatory cells or necrosis and/or abscess in XGC. Areas of iso- to slightly high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, showing slight enhancement at early phase and strong enhancement at last phase on dynamic study, corresponded with areas of abundant xanthogranulomas. Areas with very high signal intensity on T2-weighted images without enhancement corresponded with necrosis and/or abscesses. Luminal surface enhancement (LSE) of gallbladder wall represented preservation of the epithelial layer. The early-enhanced areas of the liver bed on dynamic CT and MR images corresponded with accumulation of inflammatory cells and abundant fibrosis. Our results indicate that CT and MRI findings correlate well with the histopathologic findings of XGC.

  5. Malignant pulmonary neoplasms causing airspace consolidation : CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the CT findings of consolidative malignant neoplasms of the lung. Seventeen patients in whom pulmonary consolidation was seen on chest radiography were involved in this study. In all cases malignancy was subsequently proven;the neoplasms involved were bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (n=9), malignant lymphoma (n=4), mucoepidermoid tumor (n=1), metastasis from colon cancer (n=2), and metastasis from pancreatic mucinous adenocarcinoma (n=1). CT images were retrospectively analyzed in terms of enhancement pattern of the consolidation, morphologic appearance of an air-bronchogram, CT angiogram sign, pseudocavitation, and lymphadenopathy. Visually assessed enhancement pattern of the consolidation showed lower attenuation than adjacent muscles in bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (8/9) and metastasis (1/3);isoattenuation in malignant lymphoma (3/4), mucoepidermoid carcinoma (1/1), and metastasis (1/3); and higher attenuation in bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (1/9), malignant lymphoma (1/4), and metastasis (1/3). Among the 15 of 17 patients for whom an airbronchogram was available, a stretching and squeezing pattern was seen in bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (4/9), malignant lymphoma (3/4), and metastasis (1/3). CT angiogram sign was identified in bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (5/9), malignant lymphoma (2/4), and metastasis (3/3). Pseudocavitation was observed in two patients with bronchioloalveolar carcinoma, while lymphadenopathy was seen in bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (4/9), malignant lymphoma (3/4), and metastasis (1/3). Conglomerate and extrathoracic lymphadenopathy are commonly associated with malignant lymphoma. Malignant neoplasms which apper as consolidative lung lesions appear not only as bronchioloalveolar carcinoma, which is well known, but also in other forms. Although these lesions cannot be differentiated on the basis of air-bronchography and CT angiography, poor enhancement of consolidative lesion and pseudocavitation are characteristic findings of

  6. Malignant pulmonary neoplasms causing airspace consolidation : CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Bong Soo; Park, Choong Ki; Kim, Kwon Hyung; Bae, Jae Ik; Park, Dong Woo; Kim, Yong Soo; Choi, Yo Won; Jeon, Seok Chol; Hahm, Chang Kok [Hanyang Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Baek, Jung Hwan [Dae Rim St. Mary' s Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-11-01

    To determine the CT findings of consolidative malignant neoplasms of the lung. Seventeen patients in whom pulmonary consolidation was seen on chest radiography were involved in this study. In all cases malignancy was subsequently proven;the neoplasms involved were bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (n=9), malignant lymphoma (n=4), mucoepidermoid tumor (n=1), metastasis from colon cancer (n=2), and metastasis from pancreatic mucinous adenocarcinoma (n=1). CT images were retrospectively analyzed in terms of enhancement pattern of the consolidation, morphologic appearance of an air-bronchogram, CT angiogram sign, pseudocavitation, and lymphadenopathy. Visually assessed enhancement pattern of the consolidation showed lower attenuation than adjacent muscles in bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (8/9) and metastasis (1/3);isoattenuation in malignant lymphoma (3/4), mucoepidermoid carcinoma (1/1), and metastasis (1/3); and higher attenuation in bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (1/9), malignant lymphoma (1/4), and metastasis (1/3). Among the 15 of 17 patients for whom an airbronchogram was available, a stretching and squeezing pattern was seen in bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (4/9), malignant lymphoma (3/4), and metastasis (1/3). CT angiogram sign was identified in bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (5/9), malignant lymphoma (2/4), and metastasis (3/3). Pseudocavitation was observed in two patients with bronchioloalveolar carcinoma, while lymphadenopathy was seen in bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (4/9), malignant lymphoma (3/4), and metastasis (1/3). Conglomerate and extrathoracic lymphadenopathy are commonly associated with malignant lymphoma. Malignant neoplasms which apper as consolidative lung lesions appear not only as bronchioloalveolar carcinoma, which is well known, but also in other forms. Although these lesions cannot be differentiated on the basis of air-bronchography and CT angiography, poor enhancement of consolidative lesion and pseudocavitation are characteristic findings of

  7. Lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing cholangitis: assessment of clinical, CT, and pathological findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itoh, S., E-mail: shigekimiyo@luck.ocn.ne.j [Department of Technical Radiology, Nagoya University School of Health Sciences, Nagoya (Japan); Nagasaka, T. [Department of Pathology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan); Suzuki, K.; Satake, H.; Ota, T.; Naganawa, S. [Department of Radiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan)

    2009-11-15

    Aim: To assess the clinical, computed tomography (CT), and pathological findings in patients with lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing cholangitis. Materials and methods: Fifteen consecutive patients (four women and 11 men, mean age 71 years) with lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing cholangitis and without the characteristic features of underlying disorders causing benign biliary strictures were retrospectively recruited. Two radiologists evaluated multiphase contrast-enhanced CT images acquired with 0.5 or 1-mm collimation. One pathologist performed all histological examinations, including IgG4 immunostaining. Results: The intrahepatic biliary ducts showed dilatation in all 15 patients, but only seven presented with jaundice. Although laboratory data were not available in all patients, serum gammaglobulin and IgG levels were elevated in five of six patients and six of eight patients, respectively. Anti-nuclear antibody was detected in three of six patients. The involved biliary ducts showed the following CT findings: involvement of the hilar biliary duct (14/15), a mean wall thickness of 4.9 mm, a smooth margin (10/15), a narrow but visible lumen (6/15), hyper-attenuation during the late arterial phase (9/15), homogeneous hyper-attenuation during the delayed phase (11/11), and no vascular invasion (14/15). Abnormal findings in the pancreas and urinary tract were detected in eight of 15 patients. In 13 patients with adequate specimens, moderate to severe lymphoplasmacytic infiltration associated with dense fibrosis was observed. Infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells was moderate or severe in nine patients and minimal or absent in four patients. Conclusion: Lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing cholangitis exhibits relatively characteristic clinical and CT findings, although they are not sufficiently specific for differentiation from other biliary diseases.

  8. Lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing cholangitis: assessment of clinical, CT, and pathological findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To assess the clinical, computed tomography (CT), and pathological findings in patients with lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing cholangitis. Materials and methods: Fifteen consecutive patients (four women and 11 men, mean age 71 years) with lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing cholangitis and without the characteristic features of underlying disorders causing benign biliary strictures were retrospectively recruited. Two radiologists evaluated multiphase contrast-enhanced CT images acquired with 0.5 or 1-mm collimation. One pathologist performed all histological examinations, including IgG4 immunostaining. Results: The intrahepatic biliary ducts showed dilatation in all 15 patients, but only seven presented with jaundice. Although laboratory data were not available in all patients, serum gammaglobulin and IgG levels were elevated in five of six patients and six of eight patients, respectively. Anti-nuclear antibody was detected in three of six patients. The involved biliary ducts showed the following CT findings: involvement of the hilar biliary duct (14/15), a mean wall thickness of 4.9 mm, a smooth margin (10/15), a narrow but visible lumen (6/15), hyper-attenuation during the late arterial phase (9/15), homogeneous hyper-attenuation during the delayed phase (11/11), and no vascular invasion (14/15). Abnormal findings in the pancreas and urinary tract were detected in eight of 15 patients. In 13 patients with adequate specimens, moderate to severe lymphoplasmacytic infiltration associated with dense fibrosis was observed. Infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells was moderate or severe in nine patients and minimal or absent in four patients. Conclusion: Lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing cholangitis exhibits relatively characteristic clinical and CT findings, although they are not sufficiently specific for differentiation from other biliary diseases.

  9. Meningoencephalitis due to anthrax: CT and MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yildirim, Hanefi; Koc, Mustafa; Murat, Ayse [Firat University, Department of Radiology, Elazig (Turkey); Kabakus, Nimet; Incekoey Girgin, Feyza [Firat University, Department of Paediatric Neurology, Elazig (Turkey)

    2006-11-15

    Anthrax is primarily a disease of herbivores, but it also causes cutaneous, respiratory and gastrointestinal infections in humans. Bacillus anthracis is an uncommon cause of meningitis and generally produces a haemorrhagic meningoencephalitis. We present the CT and MR findings of anthrax meningoencephalitis due to the cutaneous form of anthrax in a 12-year-old boy. They showed focal intracerebral haemorrhage with leptomeningeal enhancement. (orig.)

  10. Meningoencephalitis due to anthrax: CT and MR findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anthrax is primarily a disease of herbivores, but it also causes cutaneous, respiratory and gastrointestinal infections in humans. Bacillus anthracis is an uncommon cause of meningitis and generally produces a haemorrhagic meningoencephalitis. We present the CT and MR findings of anthrax meningoencephalitis due to the cutaneous form of anthrax in a 12-year-old boy. They showed focal intracerebral haemorrhage with leptomeningeal enhancement. (orig.)

  11. Horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis: CT and MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bomfim, Rodrigo C.; Tavora, Daniel G.F.; Nakayama, Mauro; Gama, Romulo L. [Sarah Network of Rehabilitation Hospitals, Department of Radiology, Ceara (Brazil)

    2009-02-15

    Horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis (HGPPS) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by absence of conjugate horizontal eye movements and progressive scoliosis developing in childhood and adolescence. We present a child with clinical and neuroimaging findings typical of HGPPS. CT and MRI of the brain demonstrated pons hypoplasia, absence of the facial colliculi, butterfly configuration of the medulla and a deep midline pontine cleft. We briefly discuss the imaging aspects of this rare entity in light of the current literature. (orig.)

  12. 3D-CT evaluation of secondary alveolar bone grafts in alveolar clefts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naitoh, Hiroshi; Nishimura, Yoshihiko [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Graduate School of Medicine; Yamawaki, Yoshiroh [Kyoto Katsura Hospital (Japan); Morimoto, Naoki [Kobe City General Hospital (Japan)

    2002-07-01

    From 1994 to 2000, we treated 116 patients with cleft alveolus by secondary alveolar bone grafts, and 48 of them were evaluated morphologically with 3D-CT. The frequency of successful bony bridging was significantly higher in the group whose grafts were completely enveloped (including the anterior alveolar ridge) with a mucoperiosteal flap. The frequency was also significantly higher in the group who underwent bone grafts at the age of 13 or less, and canine eruptions did not influence the ratio. Some cases showed such an improved growth pattern of grafted bone that the shape of the affected maxilla resembled that of the normal side, after long-term follow-up observations. The growth increment was remarkable in anterior maxillary height. Orthodontic management guides the canine or incisor into the reconstructed area of the previous cleft. We surmise that the new occlusal position puts pressure on the grafted bone and promotes further osteogenesis. These findings show that it is important to produce sufficient bony bridge to guide the canine or incisor, not the volume of grafted bone, in secondary alveolar bone grafts. Long-term follow-up observation, after more than 2-3 years, is also necessary to evaluate secondary alveolar bone grafts. (author)

  13. CT findings of parotid gland tumors: benign versus malignant tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Moon Ok; Han, Chun Hwan; Kim, Mie Young; Yi, Jeong Geun; Park, Kyung Joo; Lee, Joo Hyuk [Kang Nam General Hospital, Public Corporation, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Bae, Sang Hoon [Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jeung Sook [Korea Veterans Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-03-15

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the characteristics of parotid gland tumors to help in the differentiation between benign and malignant lesions. The CT findings of 22 patients with surgically proven parotid gland tumors were reviewed. Analysis was focused on the density and margin characteristics of the tumors, and the relationship between the tumor and surrounding structures. Those tumors were pleomorphic adenoma (n = 8), Warthin's tumor (n = 5), basal cell adenoma (n = 1), lipoma (n = 1), dermoid cyst (n = 1), adenoid cystic carcinoma (n = 2), mucoepidermoid carcinoma (n 1), epidermoid carcinoma (n = 1), and carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma (n 1). Most of benign and malignant tumors were heterogeneous in density on contrast enhanced CT scans. In 5 of 6 malignant cases, the tumors had irregular or ill-defined margin and a tendancy to involve or cross the superficial layer of deep cervical fascia with obliteration of subcutaneous fat. Two malignant tumors invaded surrounding structures. Although the heterogeneous density of tumor is not a specific finding for malignancy at CT, following findings, such as, irregular or blurred margin of the lesion, the involvement of fascial plane, and the infiltration of surrounding structures may suggest the possibility of malignant parotid tumor.

  14. CT findings of parotid gland tumors: benign versus malignant tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the characteristics of parotid gland tumors to help in the differentiation between benign and malignant lesions. The CT findings of 22 patients with surgically proven parotid gland tumors were reviewed. Analysis was focused on the density and margin characteristics of the tumors, and the relationship between the tumor and surrounding structures. Those tumors were pleomorphic adenoma (n = 8), Warthin's tumor (n = 5), basal cell adenoma (n = 1), lipoma (n = 1), dermoid cyst (n = 1), adenoid cystic carcinoma (n = 2), mucoepidermoid carcinoma (n 1), epidermoid carcinoma (n = 1), and carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma (n 1). Most of benign and malignant tumors were heterogeneous in density on contrast enhanced CT scans. In 5 of 6 malignant cases, the tumors had irregular or ill-defined margin and a tendancy to involve or cross the superficial layer of deep cervical fascia with obliteration of subcutaneous fat. Two malignant tumors invaded surrounding structures. Although the heterogeneous density of tumor is not a specific finding for malignancy at CT, following findings, such as, irregular or blurred margin of the lesion, the involvement of fascial plane, and the infiltration of surrounding structures may suggest the possibility of malignant parotid tumor

  15. CT and MR findings in HIV-negative neurosyphilis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peng Fuhua [Department of Neurology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 600 Tianhe Road, Guangzhou, 510630 Guangdong Province (China)], E-mail: pfh93@21cn.com; Hu Xueqiang [Department of Neurology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 600 Tianhe Road, Guangzhou, 510630 Guangdong Province (China)], E-mail: huxueqiangqm@yahoo.com.cn; Zhong Xiufeng [State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-Sen University, 54 Xianlie Road, Guangzhou, 510060 Guangdong Province (China)], E-mail: xiufengzhong@yahoo.com.cn; Wei Qiu [Department of Neurology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 600 Tianhe Road, Guangzhou, 510630 Guangdong Province (China)], E-mail: qw9406@tom.com; Jiang Ying [Department of Neurology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 600 Tianhe Road, Guangzhou, 510630 Guangdong Province (China)], E-mail: jiangying722@163.com; Bao Jian [Department of Neurology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 600 Tianhe Road, Guangzhou, 510630 Guangdong Province (China)], E-mail: baoj92@tom.com; Wu Aimin [Department of Neurology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 600 Tianhe Road, Guangzhou, 510630 Guangdong Province (China)], E-mail: wuaim@126.com; Pei Zhong [Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 89 Zhongshaner Road, Guangzhou, 510080 Guangdong Province (China)], E-mail: peizhong@yahoo.com

    2008-04-15

    Background and purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe and evaluate neuroimaging findings of patients with neurosyphilis. Methods: The neuroimaging studies of 14 patients with documented neurosyphilis were reviewed. Diagnosis was established in 14 patients with cerebrospinal fluid for a Treponema Pallidum Particle Agglutination (TPPA) test. All patients had reactive TPPA and Unheated Serum Regain test (USR) in their sera. Imaging studies included plain, contrast-enhanced CT of the brain, plain and gadolinium-enhanced MR, and MR angiography. Results: In the 14 HIV-negative patients with neurosyphilis, CT and MR showed the presence of cerebral infarction in six cases, arteritis in four cases, nonspecific white matter lesion in three cases, acute syphilitic meningitis in one case and normal neuroimaging finding in one case. In addition, 4 in 14 patients had general paresis, and MRI showed high signal intensity on T2 -weighted images involving frontotemporal lobes, hippocampus and periventricular area. Treatment with penicillin significantly diminished the size of these high signal intensity on T2-weighted images with general paresis. Conclusion: These results suggest that MR and CT images have some characteristic manifestations in patients of neurosyphilis. Because early diagnosis and treatment of neurosyphilis are crucial to avoid persistent brain damage, the neuroimaging findings are valuable adjunct to clinical diagnosis and to provide useful information to follow-up after therapy.

  16. Drug-induced pulmonary injury: CT findings in hemopathic patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the spiral CT findings in hemopathic patients with drug-induced pulmonary injury. Methods: CT images obtained in 11 patients with drug-induced pulmonary injury were retrospectively analyzed. Six patients had antineoplastic agent-induced pulmonary injury and 5 patients had non-neoplastic agent-induced pulmonary injury (immunosuppressor in 2 patients, antifungal in 2 patients, antineoplastic immunomodulators in 1 patient). CT findings were reviewed by a chest radiologist. Results: All 11 patients had parenchymal abnormalities on MSCT scans, including ground-glass opacities (n=8), consolidation (n=5),interlobular septal thickening (n=3) and focal fibrosis (n=2). The abnormalities were bilateral and asymmetric in all patients. They were mainly in the peripheral lung regions in 6 patients, in the central lung regions in four, and irregularly located in one. The abnormalities involved mainly the lower lung zones in six patients, the upper lung zones in two,and all lung zones homogeneously in three. One patient had fluid in bilateral pleural cavities. Three patients were given the same agent once more after the imaging turned to normal, and they presented with same clinical symptoms and similar but more serious imaging findings. Conclusions: Drug-induced pulmonary injury usually manifests as areas of ground-glass opacity and consolidation, which most commonly involves the peripheral lungs and lower lung zones. Drug-induced pulmonary injury shows reproducible but more serious lesions when the patient is given the same agent once more. (authors)

  17. CT and MR findings in HIV-negative neurosyphilis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe and evaluate neuroimaging findings of patients with neurosyphilis. Methods: The neuroimaging studies of 14 patients with documented neurosyphilis were reviewed. Diagnosis was established in 14 patients with cerebrospinal fluid for a Treponema Pallidum Particle Agglutination (TPPA) test. All patients had reactive TPPA and Unheated Serum Regain test (USR) in their sera. Imaging studies included plain, contrast-enhanced CT of the brain, plain and gadolinium-enhanced MR, and MR angiography. Results: In the 14 HIV-negative patients with neurosyphilis, CT and MR showed the presence of cerebral infarction in six cases, arteritis in four cases, nonspecific white matter lesion in three cases, acute syphilitic meningitis in one case and normal neuroimaging finding in one case. In addition, 4 in 14 patients had general paresis, and MRI showed high signal intensity on T2 -weighted images involving frontotemporal lobes, hippocampus and periventricular area. Treatment with penicillin significantly diminished the size of these high signal intensity on T2-weighted images with general paresis. Conclusion: These results suggest that MR and CT images have some characteristic manifestations in patients of neurosyphilis. Because early diagnosis and treatment of neurosyphilis are crucial to avoid persistent brain damage, the neuroimaging findings are valuable adjunct to clinical diagnosis and to provide useful information to follow-up after therapy

  18. Primary carcinoid tumors of the pancreas: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the CT findings of pancreatic carcinoid tumors. Methods: The CT imaging data of five patients with pancreatic carcinoid tumors confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The tumors ranged in maximum diameter from 2.0 to 11.0 cm with a mean of 6.4 cm. On unenhanced CT, the tumors were slightly hypodense relative to the pancreatic parenchyma, homogenous in 2 cases, and heterogenous in 3 cases. One tumor showed calcification. After contrast material injection, the solid component of the tumor showed marked heterogenous enhancement on the arterial phase scanning in 3 cases, and mild heterogenous enhancement in 2 cases. The degree of tumor enhancement was less intense than the surrounding pancreatic parenchyma due to necrosis of various degree, which led to the cystic appearance of the tumor in 1 case. On the portal phase scanning, all tumors showed marked enhancement similar to that of the pancreatic parenchyma. On the delayed phase scanning, the degree of enhancement was more intense than the surrounding pancreatic parenchyma in 1 case. Liver metastases with retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy and peripancreatic vessels invasion were seen in 1 case. No dilatation of the biliary tract or pancreatic duct was present. Conclusion: The CT features of' pancreatic carcinoid tumors included infrequent dilatation of the biliary tract or pancreatic duct and unusual vascular involvement, calcification within the mass, marked enhancement similar to that of the surrounding pancreatic parenchyma during the portal phase scanning and more intense during the delayed phase scanning. (authors)

  19. Intraorbital Encephalocele Presenting with Exophthalmos and Orbital Dystopia : CT and MRI Findings

    OpenAIRE

    Asil, Kiyasettin; Gunduz, Yasemin; Yaldiz, Can; Aksoy, Yakup Ersel

    2015-01-01

    A 15-year-old female patient with progressive pulsatile exophthalmos caused by intraorbital encephalocele was evaluated with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in our clinic. She had no history of trauma or reconstructive surgery. When she was a little girl, she had undergone surgery for congenital glaucoma on the right eye. On the three-dimensional image of CT, a hypoplasic bone defect was observed in the greater wing of the right sphenoid bone. MRI and CT scan sho...

  20. Volumetric analysis of corticocancellous bones using CT data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To present a method for an automated volumetric analysis of corticocancellous bones such as the superior pubic ramus using CT data and to assess the reliability of this method. Computed tomography scans of a consecutive series of 250 patients were analyzed. A Hounsfield unit (HU) thresholding-based reconstruction technique (''Vessel Tracking,'' GE Healthcare) was used. A contiguous space of cancellous bone with similar HU values between the starting and end points was automatically identified as the region of interest. The identification was based upon the density gradient to the adjacent cortical bone. The starting point was defined as the middle of the parasymphyseal corticocancellous transition zone on the axial slice showing the parasymphyseal superior pubic ramus in its maximum anteroposterior width. The end point was defined as the middle of the periarticular corticocancellous transition zone on the axial slice showing the quadrilateral plate as a thin cortical plate. The following parameters were automatically obtained on both sides: length of the center line, volume of the superior pubic ramus between the starting point and end point, minimum, maximum and mean diameter perpendicular to the center line, and mean cross-sectional area perpendicular to the center line. An automated analysis without manual adjustments was successful in 207 patients (82.8%). The center line showed a significantly greater length in female patients (67.6 mm vs 65.0 mm). The volume was greater in male patients (21.8 cm3 vs 19.4 cm3). The intersite reliability was high with a mean difference between the left and right sides of between 0.1% (cross-sectional area) and 2.3% (volume). The method presented allows for an automated volumetric analysis of a corticocancellous bone using CT data. The method is intended to provide preoperative information for the use of intramedullary devices in fracture fixation and percutaneous cement augmentation techniques. (orig.)

  1. Volumetric analysis of corticocancellous bones using CT data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krappinger, Dietmar; Linde, Astrid von; Rosenberger, Ralf; Blauth, Michael [Medical University Innsbruck, Department of Trauma Surgery and Sports Medicine, Innsbruck (Austria); Glodny, Bernhard; Niederwanger, Christian [Medical University Innsbruck, Department of Radiology I, Innsbruck (Austria)

    2012-05-15

    To present a method for an automated volumetric analysis of corticocancellous bones such as the superior pubic ramus using CT data and to assess the reliability of this method. Computed tomography scans of a consecutive series of 250 patients were analyzed. A Hounsfield unit (HU) thresholding-based reconstruction technique (''Vessel Tracking,'' GE Healthcare) was used. A contiguous space of cancellous bone with similar HU values between the starting and end points was automatically identified as the region of interest. The identification was based upon the density gradient to the adjacent cortical bone. The starting point was defined as the middle of the parasymphyseal corticocancellous transition zone on the axial slice showing the parasymphyseal superior pubic ramus in its maximum anteroposterior width. The end point was defined as the middle of the periarticular corticocancellous transition zone on the axial slice showing the quadrilateral plate as a thin cortical plate. The following parameters were automatically obtained on both sides: length of the center line, volume of the superior pubic ramus between the starting point and end point, minimum, maximum and mean diameter perpendicular to the center line, and mean cross-sectional area perpendicular to the center line. An automated analysis without manual adjustments was successful in 207 patients (82.8%). The center line showed a significantly greater length in female patients (67.6 mm vs 65.0 mm). The volume was greater in male patients (21.8 cm{sup 3} vs 19.4 cm{sup 3}). The intersite reliability was high with a mean difference between the left and right sides of between 0.1% (cross-sectional area) and 2.3% (volume). The method presented allows for an automated volumetric analysis of a corticocancellous bone using CT data. The method is intended to provide preoperative information for the use of intramedullary devices in fracture fixation and percutaneous cement augmentation techniques

  2. F-18 fluoro-deoxy-glucose and F-18 sodium fluoride cocktail PET/CT scan in patients with breast cancer having equivocal bone SPECT/CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) plays a major role in the characterization of equivocal lesions on bone scintigraphy, it remains equivocal in a fraction of these patients. We evaluated the additional value of cocktail F-18 sodium fluoride (18F-NaF) and F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) co-injection positron emission tomography (PET) (cocktail PET) in these patients. Fifteen breast cancer patients, who had equivocal findings on the whole body bone scan (WBS) and SPECT/CT, were subjected to a cocktail PET/CT scan. The cocktail PET/CT was performed by co-administration of 18F-FDG and 18F-NaF in a ratio of about 2.4, with the total administered activity kept at approximately 10 mCi. Of the 15 patients, seven were with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) and the other eight were referred because of suspicion of recurrent disease on follow-up. Of the seven patients with LABC, the cocktail PET scan was positive for all the lesions suspicious on WBS and SPECT/CT. Additionally, it showed uptake in the primary tumor and ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes as well as identified additional osseous, lymph nodal, and solid organ metastases in these patients. Similarly, of the eight patients studied for suspicion of recurrence, the cocktail PET scan was found to be positive in seven patients. In three patients, additional osseous lesions were noted. The cocktail PET/CT scan can characterize almost all the suspicious equivocal lesions on the bone scan and SPECT/CT. The distinct advantage of identifying lymph nodal and solid organ metastases allows it to be considered as a useful imaging modality in patients with equivocal bone SPECT/CT

  3. Metastatic meningioma: positron emission tomography CT imaging findings.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Brennan, C

    2010-12-01

    The imaging findings of a case of metastasing meningioma are described. The case illustrates a number of rare and interesting features. The patient presented with haemoptysis 22 years after the initial resection of an intracranial meningioma. CT demonstrated heterogeneous masses with avid peripheral enhancement without central enhancement. Blood supply to the larger lesion was partially from small feeding vessels from the inferior pulmonary vein. These findings correlate with a previously published case in which there was avid uptake of fluoro-18-deoxyglucose peripherally with lesser uptake centrally. The diagnosis of metastasing meningioma was confirmed on percutaneous lung tissue biopsy.

  4. Acute respiratory failure due to ehrlichiosis - CT findings: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ehrlichiosis is a rare disease, with approximately 400 cases having been documented in the US since its recognition in 1986. Most of the reported cases were in the southeastern US, although 6 cases have been described in Washington state. Although most of these reported patients were admitted to hospital, severe complications developed in only a small proportion. Findings on chest imaging have been described in 3 children. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of computed tomographic (CT) findings in a young adult with erhlichiosis in whom acute respiratory failure developed. (author)

  5. CT findings and pathogenetic mechanisms of hemorrhagic infarction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty-five patients were diagnosed as having hemorrhagic infarction by autopsy (4 cases), by an operation (3 cases), or by the combination of CT and a spinal tap (18 cases). Angiography was repeated to identify the recanalization as far as possible. The progression or resolution of the mass sign (brain edema) and the contrast enhancement were observed by CT, which was performed at intervals of from one to seven days in almost all cases. The CT findings of hemorrhagic infarction were as follows: 1) Appearance of the foci of an increased density in the low-density area; Generally the foci were indicated as a high-density area, but sometimes they were presented as isodensity in the acute stage of a stroke. Adjacent severe brain edema in the acute stage was supposed to be the main cause of the reduction in the CT number. 2) Ring-formed contrast enhancement in the subacute stage; a ring-formed contrast enhancement was seen on post-contrast scans after the resorption of the hemorrhage. According to our data, hemorrhagic infarction was found not only in the acute stage (within 4 days of the stroke, 9 cases) but also in the subacute stage (over 7 days after the stroke, 19 cases). The acute type of hemorrhage was usually associated with marked cerebral edema. On the other hand, the subacute type of hemorrhage usually appeared when enhancement after contrast infusion was observed and the cerebral edema was being resolved. On angiograms, a recanalization of the occlusion was frequently observed (18 cases, 68%). A comparative study of angiography and CT revealed the difference in the timing of the hemorrhage between the acute and subacute types of hemorrhages. The acute type of hemorrhage usually appeared in response to the angiographical recanalization, but the subacute type of hemorrhage sometimes occurred unrelated to that of angiographical recanalization. (author)

  6. Biphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaws: CT and MRI spectrum of findings in 32 patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To evaluate the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of biphosphonate therapy-associated changes of the mandible and maxilla. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two patients with a clinical history of pain, purulent discharge, and swelling in the mandible or maxilla as well as non-healing dental extraction were examined. All patients had received biphosphonate medication for approximately 33 months. Non-contrast enhanced CT and contrast-enhanced MRI were performed and, subsequently, all patients underwent a surgical removal of the affected bone, the histological diagnosis of which confirmed osteonecrosis. The images were read by two head and neck radiologists in consensus. Results: Osteonecrosis with Actinomyces infection was identified in the mandible of 18 patients, in the maxilla of eight patients, and in both jaws in six patients. The CT images showed predominantly osteolytic lesions and sclerotic regions in the jaws with or without periostal bone proliferation. There was a reduction of the marrow space in the jaws. The T1-weighted MRI signal was hypointense in nearly all cases. The gadolinium-enhanced MRI images revealed intensity changes of the cortical and subcortical bone structures in all patients. The T2-weighted MRI signal was hypointense on the affected side in the majority of the cases (28/32). Pathological gadolinium enhancement was observed in the neighbouring soft tissues, including the masticator space in all patients. Reactive lymphadenopathy was found in all patients in submental and jugulodigastric areas. Conclusion: Biphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaws presents a wide variety of CT and MRI features that are readily recognized and help to determine the extent of the disease; however, they are not specific for the disease

  7. CT of lumbar disc herniation: correlation with surgical findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Suk Yl; Lee, Dong Jin; Sung, Kyu Bo; Woo, Won Hyung [Korea General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1986-10-15

    CT from forty nine patients with 53 surgical disc explorations were reviewed and correlated with surgical findings. The results were as follows: 1. Frequent locations of HNP were in L4-5 (65%) and L5-S1 (31%). The most common type of HNP was paramidine type (71%). 2. Focal protrusion of the posterior margin of disc and obliteration of epidural fat pad were observed in all of cases (100%) and other common findings were indentation of epidural sac in 46 cases (96%) and compression of nerve root sleeve in 33 cases (69%). 3. Cephalad and caudad extension of protruded soft tissue density in the spinal canal was observed in 15 cases (31%) with variable degree. And more than 6mm extension were provided to be extruded disc in 9 cases. 4. Vacuum phenomenon was demonstrated in 5 cases (10%) and was accompanied with bulging annulus. 5. Forty eight herniated nucleus (HNP) were confirmed surgically in 44 patients. Misinterpretations were made in 4 instances (4 patients); 1 because of lumbar scoliosis, 1 because of spondylolisthesis, and the other 2 because of calcified posterior longitudinal ligament and bulging annulus. One case of true negative examination was central and foraminal stenosis in spinal CT. Thus, sensitivity, specificity and overall accuracy of lumbar spine CT in HNP were 92%, 100% and 92%, respectively.

  8. Immature teratoma of the ovary : CT and US findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jee, Sung Woo; Kim, Jung Sik; Sohn, Cheol Ho; Lee, Hee Jung; Kim, Hong; Woo, Seong Ku; Suh, Soo Jhi [Keimyung Univ. School of Medicine, Taegu (Korea, Republic of); Jo, Jae Ho [Yungnam Univ. School of Medicine, Kyongsan (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-11-01

    To compare CT and US features of immature and mature teratomas of the ovary. We retrospectively reviewed CT and US findings of 11 patients with immature teratoma and 18 patients(20 cases) with mature teratoma. The tumors were classified into three groups on the basis of image findings : predominantly cystic(type I), predominantly solid(type II), and mixed cystic and solid(type III). All eleven cases of immature teratoma were of the mixed type(type III), showing multiple small(less than 2cm) nodular and linear calcifications and fatty nodules within the solid component and adjacent to the septa of the cystic component of the masses. In contrast, mature teratomas were predominantly cystic in six cases, predominantly solid in eight, and mixed in six cases. In five of six mixed type mature teratomes, calcified fatty nodules were fewer and larger than in immature teratomas. Immature teratoma may be diagnosed by the demonstration on CT or US of multiple small(less than 2cm) nodular and linear calcifications and fatty nodules in the solid and cystic components of the tumor.

  9. Wilms' tumor: Changes of CT findings after chemotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Choon Sik; Kim, Myung Jun; Kim, Mi Hae; Oh, Ki Keun [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-11-15

    When the tumor is advanced with distant metastasis or unresectable initially, preoperative chemotherapy could be applied in the treatment of Wilms' tumor. We experienced 6 cases of favorable Wilms' tumor, 1 case of clear cell sarcoma and 1 case of renal cell carcinoma. They were treated with preoperative chemotherapy and underwent CT scans before and after the therapy. Pathologic changes after chemotherapy in Wilms' tumor were known from previous reports as subtotal hemorrhagic necrosis, cystic change, clusters of foamy areas of blastemal infiltration. Changes of CT findings after chemotherapy were internal necrosis(6/6), decrease in size (5/6), decrease and absence of regional lymph node enlargement(4/6) and improved or disappeared metastatic lesions(3/3). Although our study had some limitations some limitations such as small numbers of cases and all cases were favorable types, we thought that there were good correlations between changes of CT findings and subtotal hemorrhagic necrosis after preoperative chemotherapy in Wilms' tumor.

  10. Bone and joint changes following electrical burn: plain radiographic findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Uk Jung; Lee, Eil Seong; Shim, Ya Seong; Kim, Seon Bok; Lee, Shin Ho; Jung, Hae Kyoung; Hwang, Dae Hyun; Kang, Ik Won [Hallym Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-10-01

    To evaluate the plain radiographic findings of bone and joint changes following electrical burn. This study involved 19 patients with 27 bone and joints regions which had suffered electrical injury. The most common input and output sites were, respectively, the hand(7/14) and foot (6/10). Three other sites were involved. Four cases involved osteomyelitis, and in four, amputation was performed. We observed bone and joint changes, changes following osteomyelitis and changes in the amputation stump. We analyzed the difference between input and output changes, and when this was interesting, the average time of onset was assessed. In bone and joint changes following electrical burn, the most frequent radiographic finding was joint contracture(n=3D16). Other findings included osteolysis(n=3D8), articular abnormalites (n=3D6), periostitis(n=3D5), fracture(n=3D5), acro-osteolysis(n=3D2), and heterotopic bone formation(n=3D2). In cases involving osteomyelitis(n=3D4), aggravation of underlying bone changes was noted. In electrical burn, various changes were noted in bone and joints, and input injury was more severe than that of output.=20.

  11. Bone and joint changes following electrical burn: plain radiographic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the plain radiographic findings of bone and joint changes following electrical burn. This study involved 19 patients with 27 bone and joints regions which had suffered electrical injury. The most common input and output sites were, respectively, the hand(7/14) and foot (6/10). Three other sites were involved. Four cases involved osteomyelitis, and in four, amputation was performed. We observed bone and joint changes, changes following osteomyelitis and changes in the amputation stump. We analyzed the difference between input and output changes, and when this was interesting, the average time of onset was assessed. In bone and joint changes following electrical burn, the most frequent radiographic finding was joint contracture(n=3D16). Other findings included osteolysis(n=3D8), articular abnormalites (n=3D6), periostitis(n=3D5), fracture(n=3D5), acro-osteolysis(n=3D2), and heterotopic bone formation(n=3D2). In cases involving osteomyelitis(n=3D4), aggravation of underlying bone changes was noted. In electrical burn, various changes were noted in bone and joints, and input injury was more severe than that of output.=20

  12. CT findings of the chest in adults with aspirated foreign bodies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zissin, R.; Shapiro-Feinberg, M. [Dept. of Diagnostic Imaging, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba (Israel); Rozenman, J.; Apter, S.; Hertz, M. [Dept. of Diagnostic Imaging, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Tel Aviv (Israel); Smorjik, J. [Dept. of Pulmonary Medicine, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba (Israel)

    2001-04-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the imaging findings in adult patients with tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration. Nineteen patients (11 men and 8 women; age range 26-89 years) with foreign-body aspiration were retrospectively reviewed. Nine patients were outpatients with non-specific symptoms and ten were hospitalized with nonresolving pneumonia (n=6), after detection of a dental fragment on a chest radiograph following intubation (n=3), and there was one mentally retarded patient with empyema. An aspirated dental fragment was seen on a chest radiograph in 3 patients and an endobronchial foreign body on CT in 16, appearing as a dense structure within the bronchial lumen. The foreign body was right sided in 14 cases and left sided in 5. Three cases were missed at first interpretation. Associated findings on CT were volume loss, hyperlucency with air trapping and bronchiectasis in the affected lobe. Thirteen patients were managed with bronchoscopy, whereas 2 needed thoracotomy. In 1 patient bronchoscopy failed to detect a foreign body, indicating a false-positive CT diagnosis. One patient expelled an aspirated tablet and two refused invasive procedure. The foreign bodies found mainly were bones and dental fragments. A high clinical suspicion is necessary to diagnose a foreign body. Since CT is often used to evaluate various respiratory problems in adults, it may be the first imaging modality to discover an unsuspected aspirated foreign body in the bronchial tree. (orig.) (orig.)

  13. CT diagnosis and differential diagnosis of otodystrophic lesions of the temporal bone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D' Archambeau, O.; Parizel, P.M.; Schepper, A.M. De (Antwerp University Hospital (Belgium). Department of Radiology); Koekelkoren, E.; Van De Heyning, P. (Antwerp University Hospital (Belgium). Department of E.N.T.)

    The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic and differential diagnostic value of high-resolution computed tomography in the evaluation of temporal-bone dystrophies. The study group included 55 patients with osseous abnormalities of the temporal bone in general, and the labyrinthine capsule in particular. In 27 patients the CT scan revealed evidence of otodystrophic lesions. The CT findings in patients with otosclerosis (21 patients), osteogenesis imperfecta (two patients), fibrous dysplasia (one patient). Paget's disease (one patient) and osteoporosis (two patients) are described. The CT scans of 17 patients revealed secondary osseous lesions due to metastasis (five patients), post-inflammatory changes (10 patients) or labyrinthitis ossificans (two patients). Normal variants and congenital mineralization defects were diagnosed in nine patients, Down's syndrome in two. Our results indicate the importance of high-resolution computed tomography as the primary imaging modality in evaluating osseous lesions of the temporal bone and labyrinth. (author). 14 refs.; 13 figs; 2 tabs.

  14. Pulmonary infections after kidney transplantation: analysis of CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To review the CT findings in patients with pulmonary infection after kidney transplantation and to determine the characteristic features in different infections. Methods: The medical records were reviewed in 446 patients with pulmonary infection after kidney transplantation and 121 patients who had pulmonary thin-section CT were included in this study. The pattern and distribution of the pulmonary abnormalities were interpreted independently by two thoracic radiologists. Statistical analysis was performed using the χ2 test and the Fisher's exact test. Results: (1) Time course: 65 (14.6%) patients initially had pulmonary infection in the first 30 days, 147 (32.9%) between 1 and 3 months, 91 (20.4%) between 3 and 6 months, 23 (5.2%) between 6 and 12 months, 120 (26.9%)after 12 months of transplantation. In the first month after procedure, bacterial infection (4/5,80.0%) was the most common infection, bacterial (34/41,82.9%), mixed (19/41,46.3%) and vires infections (11/41,26.8%) were seen commonly 1 to 6 months following transplant, the incidence of fungal (14/38, 36.8%) and mycobacterial (5/38,13.2%) infections was increased after 12 months of transplantation. (2)Pathogens: Bacterial (34,28%) and mixed infections (34,28%) were the most common, followed by fungus infection (9, 7%), TB(7,6%)and cytomegalovims (5,4%). (3)CT findings: Ground-glass attenuations (69,57.0%) was the most common findings of pneumonia, followed by reticular or linear opacities (68,56.2%), nodules (66,54.5%), pleural thickening (41,33.9%), consolidations (31,25.6%), tree-in-bud patterns (24, 19.8%), pleural effusion (22,18.2%), and bronchovascular bundle thickening (16,13.2%). Ground-glass attenuation was commonly seen in cytomegalovims pneumonia (4,80.0%), and nodule was commonly observed in bacterial infection (23,67.6%), tree-in-bud pattern was the most common finding in pulmonary tuberculosis(4, P=0.049). There were no statistically significant differences in the prevalence of

  15. Progression of CT scan findings in Rett syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Progression of the lesions revealed by CT scan was observed in five girls with Rett syndrome. The most distinct and common finding was progressive dilatation of Sylvian fissures, frontal extracerebral space, interhemispheric fissure, and sulci mainly in frontal lobe. It may indicate progressive lesion in the frontal and the temporal lobes. In addition, dilatation of the anterior horns of the lateral ventricles and the third ventricle was noted in some cases. Brainstem and cerebellum were small at any age with some morphological development as the patients became elder. Neither malformations nor abnormalities in density were found in any case. It is concluded that the main lesion of Rett syndrome on CT scan is progressive and localized in the frontal and the temporal lobes. (author)

  16. Progression of CT scan findings in Rett syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, Hisaharu; Hirayama, Yoshito; Sakuragawa, Norio; Arima, Masataka (National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, Tokyo (Japan))

    1989-07-01

    Progression of the lesions revealed by CT scan was observed in five girls with Rett syndrome. The most distinct and common finding was progressive dilatation of Sylvian fissures, frontal extracerebral space, interhemispheric fissure, and sulci mainly in frontal lobe. It may indicate progressive lesion in the frontal and the temporal lobes. In addition, dilatation of the anterior horns of the lateral ventricles and the third ventricle was noted in some cases. Brainstem and cerebellum were small at any age with some morphological development as the patients became elder. Neither malformations nor abnormalities in density were found in any case. It is concluded that the main lesion of Rett syndrome on CT scan is progressive and localized in the frontal and the temporal lobes. (author).

  17. Glomus tumor of the gastric body:helical CT findings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Xiao-yun; HU Chun-hong; FANG Xiang-ming; ZHANG Tong-hua

    2007-01-01

    @@ Glomus tumors, also known as glomangiomas, are rare and originate in the neuromyoarterial glomus, a normal arteriovenous shunt which is abundantly supplied with nerve fibers and fulfills a temperature-regulating function. The classic location of glomus tumor is the subungual region, but the tumor can occur elsewhere in the skin, soft tissues, nerves, stomach, nasal cavity, and trachea.1 In the gastrointestinal (GI) tract the tumor occurs more often in the stomach than other parts, and typically occurs as a solitary submucosal nodule in the antrum.2 We reported a case of glomus tumor originating from the greater curvature of stomach which was studied with contrast-enhanced helical computed tomography (CT) and described the characteristic helical CT findings of the rare lesion.

  18. CNS involvement in AIDS: spectrum of CT and MR findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The brain may be affected by a variety of abnormalities in association with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Knowledge of their existence and characteristic imaging features are important to radiologists for detection, diagnosis, and initiation of an appropriate treatment. Although there is a considerable overlap in the imaging characteristics of different entities, some findings are found to be very suggestive of a particular disease. The CT and MR imaging techniques are commonly used in the diagnosis of neurological disorders in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients, to verify treatment response and to guide brain biopsy. This review attempts to describe CT and MR features of infectious and malignant brain disorders in HIV-seropositive patients. (orig.). With 13 figs

  19. Paratracheal lymphadenopathy: radiographic findings and correlation with CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, N L; Webb, W R; Gamsu, G

    1985-09-01

    Possible signs of paratracheal lymphadenopathy on the posteroanterior (PA) chest radiograph were assessed in 98 patients and correlated with computed tomography (CT). The nodes were normal in size in 62 patients and enlarged (greater than 15 mm) in 36. Among the latter group, widening of the right paratracheal stripe was seen in 11 (31%) and enlargement of the azygos node in 15 (42%). While the lateral contour of the superior vena cava (SVC) was convex in 46 patients (47%), 81 (83%) had an increased density in the region of the SVC. When all four parameters were combined, lymphadenopathy could be detected on the PA view in 87 patients (89%). CT demonstrated that the enlarged nodes were anterolateral rather than directly lateral to the trachea and also immediately posterior to the SVC, explaining the findings on the PA radiograph. PMID:4023240

  20. Study on CT findings of gastric stromal tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate CT findings in gastric stromal tumors(GST). Methods: Both plain and enhanced spiral CT findings in 46 cases with gastric stromal tumor were retrospectively analyzed. In all patients, diagnosis was confirmed with immunohistochemical markers. CT features were retrospectively studied and summarized. Statistical analysis of the shape, growth pattern, necrosis and enhancement patterns was performed with χ2 test in 43 cases with single gastric stromal tumor. Results: Of the 46 GST patients, 43 patients had single GST and multiple CST was detected in 3 cases. In the 43 cases with single GST, tumors were found in the gastric body in 24 cases, gastric fundus in 16 cases, and in the gastric antrum in 3 cases. GST mostly grow along the vertical plane of gastric wall, with a large size but local attachment. The tumor size was less than 5 cm in diameter in 14 cases. Of them, ten cases had a regular shape, 10 cases showed homogeneous enhancement, and 4 cases exhibited central necrosis, 7 tumors showed intra-luminal growth and 5 tumors showed extra-luminal growth, while the other 2 cases involved both intra and extra lumina. Twenty-nine cases had tumors larger than 5 cm in diameter. Of them, 24 cases had irregular shape, 27 cases showed inhomogeneous enhancement, 24 cases had central necrosis, 5 tumor's showed intra-luminal growth and 9 tumor's showed extra-luminal growth, while 15 cases involved both intra and extra lumina. The tumor size of GST closely was related to the shape, growth pattern, necrosis and the inhomogeneous enhancement patterns of the GST (P<0.05). The enhancement of the tumor was more intense in venous phase and delayed phase. Five cases showed septal enhancement, 4 tumors exhibited marked enhancement in arterial phase with up to 60 HU. Conclusions: CT can precisely display the location, shape and size of gastric stromal tumors. It is very helpful to provide useful information for early diagnosis and evaluation. (authors)

  1. Noncardiac findings on cardiac CT. Part II: spectrum of imaging findings.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Killeen, Ronan P

    2012-02-01

    Cardiac computed tomography (CT) has evolved into an effective imaging technique for the evaluation of coronary artery disease in selected patients. Two distinct advantages over other noninvasive cardiac imaging methods include its ability to directly evaluate the coronary arteries and to provide a unique opportunity to evaluate for alternative diagnoses by assessing the extracardiac structures, such as the lungs and mediastinum, particularly in patients presenting with the chief symptom of acute chest pain. Some centers reconstruct a small field of view (FOV) cropped around the heart but a full FOV (from skin to skin in the area irradiated) is obtainable in the raw data of every scan so that clinically relevant noncardiac findings are identifiable. Debate in the scientific community has centered on the necessity for this large FOV. A review of noncardiac structures provides the opportunity to make alternative diagnoses that may account for the patient\\'s presentation or to detect important but clinically silent problems such as lung cancer. Critics argue that the yield of biopsy-proven cancers is low and that the follow-up of incidental noncardiac findings is expensive, resulting in increased radiation exposure and possibly unnecessary further testing. In this 2-part review we outline the issues surrounding the concept of the noncardiac read, looking for noncardiac findings on cardiac CT. Part I focused on the pros and cons for and against the practice of identifying noncardiac findings on cardiac CT. Part II illustrates the imaging spectrum of cardiac CT appearances of benign and malignant noncardiac pathology.

  2. CT findings and CT score in acute pancreatitis compared with severity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings in 28 patients with acute pancreatitis were compared with severity of the disease. The pancreatic image, which demonstrates the pancreatic lesion, was studied with respect to 9 items, and fluid collection showing the peripancreatic status with respect to 13 items. 1) According to Forell's classification, the lesion was minor in 8 patients, moderate in 11, and severe in 9. 2) The detection rates of abnormal pancreatic images and fluid collection increased with the advance in the severity of the disease. 3) The mean CT score by severity was 0.88 ± 0.64 for minor pancreatitis, 7.18 ± 4.51 for moderate pancreatitis, and 13.44 ± 4.22 for severe pancreatitis. Significant differences were observed among the groups, suggesting the usefulness of the CT score in evaluating the severity of acute pancreatitis. (author)

  3. CT scan findings of fungal pneumonia; Diagnose der Pilzpneumonie in der Thorax-CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heckmann, M.; Uder, M.; Bautz, W.; Heinrich, M. [Erlangen-Nuernberg Univ., Erlangen (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische Radiologie

    2008-07-01

    The importance of fungal infection of the lung in immunocompromised patients has increased substantially during the last decades. Numerically the most patients are those with neutropenia, e.g. patients with malignancies or solid organ and stem cell transplantation, chemotherapy, corticosteroid use and HIV infection. Although fungal infections can occur in immunocompetent patients, their frequency in this population is rare. The clinical symptoms such as fever accompanied with non-productive cough are unspecific. In some patients progression to hypoxemia and dyspnea may occur rapidly. In spite of improved antifungal therapy morbidity and mortality of these infections are still high. Therefore an early and non-invasive diagnosis is very important. That is why CT and even better High-Resolution-CT (HR-CT) is a very important modality in examining immunocompromised patients with a probability of fungal infection. CT is everywhere available and, as a non-invasive method, able to give the relevant diagnose efficiently. This paper should give an overview about the radiologic findings and possible differential diagnosis of diverse pulmonary fungal infections in CT. Pneumonias caused by Aspergillus, Cryptococcus, Candida, Histoplasma, Mucor and Geotrichum capitatum are illustrated. (orig.)

  4. MicroCT evaluation of bone mineral density loss in human bones

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bone is a connective tissue largely composed of an organic protein, collagen and the inorganic mineral hydroxyapatite [Ca10(PO4)6OH2], which combine to provide a mechanical and supportive role in the body. Depending on the orientation of collagen fibers, two types of bone can be distinguished: trabecular and cortical bone. Degree of mineralization is considered an important feature of bone quality. Changes in the degree of mineralization is generally due to osteoporosis, but many recent studies have already shown that alterations in degree of mineralization can occur due to a large variety of factors. The transmission X-ray microtomography is one of the most popular methods, which provides the spatial distribution of the total absorption coefficient inside the sample. The aim of this study was to investigate the suitability of using microCT as a supplementary tool for the diagnosis of the health status of human bones. Eleven samples were constructed simulating the physiological range of bone mineral density (BMD) found in cortical human bone. The samples represent healthy mixtures of swine compact bone dried at room temperature, powdered and mixed with fat (0 - 100 % by mass). The samples were imaged by a microfocus tube (Fein-Focus) with focal size of about 60 μm (±5%), and a CCD camera (0.143 mm pixel size) coupled with an intensifier tube with fluoroscope screen at the Nuclear Instrumentation Laboratory (COPPE/UFRJ), Brazil. The images were reconstructed and treated with suitable software developed at the Nuclear Instrumentation Laboratory. The mineral content in cortical bone is defined by the volume of dry, fat-free bone per unit bulk volume of the bone. The volumes were calculated from the bone density using the relationship between volume and density. The densities of fat and bone were taken to be 0.95 g.cm-3 and 1.92 g.cm-3 respectively. The correlation of the measured absorption coefficient with the mineral content in the samples was then investigated

  5. Symptomatic and asymptomatic accessory navicular bones: Findings of Tc-99m MDP bone scintigraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiu, N.-T.; Jou, I.-M.; Lee, B.-F.; Yao, W.-J.; Tu, D.-G.; Wu, P.-S

    2000-05-01

    AIM: The accuracy of bone scintigraphy in diagnosing symptomatic accessory navicular bones has not been well studied. We conducted a retrospective study to explore the results and use of scintigraphy in symptomatic and asymptomatic accessory navicular bones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients with a total of 13 symptomatic and 10 asymptomatic accessory navicular bones were included in the study. We used a scoring system to grade the scintigraphic abnormalities. The patients' symptoms and scintigraphic findings were recorded. RESULTS: Though focally increased radiopharmaceutical uptake was observed in all symptomatic accessory naviculars, half of the asymptomatic accessory navicular bones had the same manifestations. The scoring system was of no value in differentiating symptomatic from asymptomatic accessory navicular bones. CONCLUSION: Bone scintigraphy is a sensitive but not a specific tool for diagnosing a symptomatic accessory navicular. Chiu, N.-T. (2000)

  6. Symptomatic and asymptomatic accessory navicular bones: Findings of Tc-99m MDP bone scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AIM: The accuracy of bone scintigraphy in diagnosing symptomatic accessory navicular bones has not been well studied. We conducted a retrospective study to explore the results and use of scintigraphy in symptomatic and asymptomatic accessory navicular bones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients with a total of 13 symptomatic and 10 asymptomatic accessory navicular bones were included in the study. We used a scoring system to grade the scintigraphic abnormalities. The patients' symptoms and scintigraphic findings were recorded. RESULTS: Though focally increased radiopharmaceutical uptake was observed in all symptomatic accessory naviculars, half of the asymptomatic accessory navicular bones had the same manifestations. The scoring system was of no value in differentiating symptomatic from asymptomatic accessory navicular bones. CONCLUSION: Bone scintigraphy is a sensitive but not a specific tool for diagnosing a symptomatic accessory navicular. Chiu, N.-T. (2000)

  7. CT findings in autoimmune pancreatitis: assessment using multiphase contrast-enhanced multisection CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, K., E-mail: Kojiro@med.nagoya-u.ac.j [Department of Radiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan); Itoh, S. [Department of Radiology, Nagoya Hirokoji Clinic, Nagoya (Japan); Nagasaka, T. [Departments of Medical Technology, Nagoya University School of Health Science, Nagoya (Japan); Ogawa, H.; Ota, T.; Naganawa, S. [Department of Radiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan)

    2010-09-15

    Aim: To assess the spectrum of findings using multiphase contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). Materials and methods: Fifty patients (four female and 46 male, mean age 65 years) were retrospectively identified from consecutive patients with abnormal CT findings of the pancreas and negative work-up for known causes. These patients had at least one finding supporting the diagnosis of AIP: serological abnormality, histopathological abnormality, or response to steroid. Two radiologists evaluated multiphase contrast-enhanced CT images in consensus. Results: The pancreas showed diffuse enlargement (n = 16; 32%), focal enlargement (n = 18; 36%), or no enlargement (n = 16; 32%). Forty-nine (98%) patients showed abnormal contrast enhancement in the affected pancreatic parenchyma, including hypoattenuation during the pancreatic phase (n = 45; 90%) and hyperattenuation during the delayed phase (n = 39; 87%). The following findings were also seen in the pancreas: a capsule-like rim (n = 24; 48%); no visualization of the main pancreatic duct lumen (n = 48; 96%); ductal enhancement (n = 26; 52%); upstream dilatation of the main pancreatic duct (n = 27; 54%); upstream atrophy of the pancreatic parenchyma (n = 27; 54%); calcification (n = 7; 14%); and cysts (n = 5; 10%). Forty-two (84%) patients showed one or more of the following extrapancreatic findings: biliary duct or gallbladder abnormality (n = 40; 80%); peripancreatic (n = 8; 16%) or para-aortic (n = 10; 20%) soft-tissue proliferation; and renal involvement (n = 15; 30%). Conclusion: Patients with AIP presented with a variety of CT findings in the pancreas and the extrapancreatic organs. The present study highlights pancreatic ductal enhancement in a subset of patients with AIP.

  8. Metastases of the pancreas: Sonographic and CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We analysed sonographic (n=19) and CT (n=15) findings in 19 patients with intrapancreatic metastases (solitary: n=8, multiple: n=11) from solid tumours. The diagnosis was confirmed either histologically (n=5) or by the follow-up showing decrease of the size of the lesion due to chemotherapy (n=3) or progression without specific therapy (n=11). Clinically or serologically organ-related symptoms were found in 5 cases, whereas the rest of the patients were free of symptoms. Sonographically the metastases appeared hypoechogenic compared to normal pancreatic parenchyma. In 15 cases CT at the time of sonographic investigation demonstrated hypodense intrapancreatic lesions (8/15) or bulging of the organ contour without differences in density (2/15). In some patients (5/15) sonographically detected metastases measuring less than 2 cm were not discovered via CT. In a patient with known malignancy multiple intrapancreatic lesions must be considered as metastases. Differential diagnosis includes diffusely growing pancreatic carcinoma, haemorrhagic necrotising pancreatitits and focal infiltrates due to malignant lymphoma. (orig.)

  9. CT findings of traumatic cataract (analysis of 53 cases)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To study the findings and the diagnostic value of CT in traumatic cataract. Materials and methods: Out of 75 patients with orbital trauma, 55 cataractous lens were confirmed by clinical observations and operations. The CT appearances of cataract lens were analyzed and compared with the contralateral normal lens. Results: The lens density of the injured eye without traumatic cataract was similar to that of the contralateral normal lens. In 83.6%(46/55) of traumatic cataractous lens, the density was lower than that of the contralateral normal lens and the lens density of 17 was similar to that of the vitreous body. The decrease of lens density was related to the course of disease and the degree of damage, but not related to the cause of trauma, the coincidence rate of the CT and clinical diagnoses was 83.6%. The false negative rate was 16.4%. Conclusion: Decreased density of the injured lens is suggestive of formation of traumatic cataract

  10. Chest wall tuberculosis; CT findings in 14 patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To present CT findings of chest wall tuberculosis. CT scans were obtained in 14 patients with proven chest wall tuberculosis. Diagnosis was confirmed by means of right open thoracostomy with abscess evacuation (n=1), excision and curettage (n=11) or excision and curettage along with resection of the involved lung (n=2). The images were assessed with emphasis for the extrapleural, pleural, and pulmonary lesions. All patients showed juxtacostal soft tissue mass with central low attenuation and peripheral rim enhancement. The lesions were located in the left hemithorax in eight patients and in the right in six. Multiple lesions were found in three patients (two in one and three in two). Rib destruction was observed in four patients. Intercostal muscle involvement of thickening and enhancement were shown in all patients. Thirteen patients (93%) had evidence of pulmonary tuberculosis: active pulmonary tuberculosis in nine and stable tuberculosis in four. Pleural lesions, including empyema necessitatis in six, were observed in eleven (79%). On CT scan, chest wall tuberculosis is characterized by juxtacostal soft tissue lesion with central low attenuation and peripheral rim enhancement. Rib destruction may be associated. Additionally, enhancing intercostal muscle suggest direct inflammatory process of tuberculosis and spread channel to the chest wall involvement of pleuropulmonary tuberculosis

  11. Central nervous system involvement in childhood HIV: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the neuroradiological findings disclosed by CT on children infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and to analyze the different radiological changes observed in the presence and absence of HIV encephalopathy. Fifty-one children with vertically transmitted HIV infection were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of neurological changes (groups I and II, respectively). All the patients underwent cranial CT at different phases during the course of the disease. The presence of cerebral atrophy, calcifications of the basal ganglia, lesions involving white matter, opportunistic infections, vascular lesions and tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) was assessed. Neurological signs were observed in 17 patients (group I) and were absent in 34 (group II). Seventy percent of the patients in group I presented abnormal cranial CT findings, the most common of which were cerebral atrophy (58.8%) and calcifications of the basal ganglia (47%). One patient presented focal white matte lesions, another had hemorrhagic infarction and subdural hematoma and a third presented aneurysmal dilation of the intracerebral arteries. The rate of mortality in children with encephalopathy was 82.3%. Of the 34 patients in group II, Three (8.8%) presented an increase in the size of the ventricular system and of the subarachnoid space. Neuroradiological changes are frequently observed in children with HIV encephalopathy. Diffuse cerebral atrophy and calcification of the basal ganglia and periventricular white matter are the most common findings. Although cerebral atrophy can precede the development of encephalopathy, its presence generally coincides with neurological deterioration. The onset of neurological signs in HIV-infected patients indicates a very poor prognosis for the outcome of the disease. (Author) 32 refs

  12. High-resolution CT findings in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia: preliminary report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate high resolution CT(HRCT) findings in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD). In 13 infants(age range, 1-12 months;11 premature babies, two full-term babies; birth weight, 0.97-3.88kg;mean 2,03kg) with clinico-radiologically suggested BPD, HRCT findings of the lung were reviewed retrospectively. Spiral CT using ultra high bone algorithm, 1mm collimation with 5-8mm interval, and 0.7sec scan time was performed without regard to breathing-control of infants. Three radiologists each analysed the HRCT findings twice. HRCT findings of BPD were as follows:parenchymal bands(n=13), interlobular septal thickenings (n=12), multifocal hyperaeration involving lobar or segmental distribution(n=7), and involving lobular distribution or small cyst-like lesion(n=4), centrilobular nodules(n=7), consolidation and/or atelectasis(n=7), and bronchovascular bundle thickening(n=6). Parenchymal bands, interlobular septal thickenings, and multifocal hyperaerations were the major findings in cases of bronchopulmonary dysplasia whereas, centrilobular nodules, consolidation and/or atelectasis, and bronchovascular bundle thickenings were the minor findings. These findings may be used as basic data in the evaluation of BPD in future studies

  13. Finding of CT and clinical in paraquat poisoning pulmonary injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the CT features of pulmonary injury in paraquat poisoning. Methods: The chest CT image of lung injury in 6 cases of paraquat poisoning were analyzed retrospectively. According to different period of poisoning, the 6 cases were divided into 3 types:the early stage of poisoning (within 2 d), the middle stage of poisoning (3-14 d), the late stage of poisoning (>14 d). A comparison between CT signs and the pathological features of patients was made. Results: Among this 6 cases, 3 cases died, 2 cases pulmonary fibrosis was noted, 1 cases recovered. According to different period of poisoning, the 6 cases were divided into 3 stages: in the early stage of poisoning (within 2 d), 3 cases of all patients showed nothing remarkable, 2 cases showed ground-glass opacity, 1 case showed fuzzy lung-marking.In the middle stage of poisoning (3-14 d), all 6 cases showed ground-glass opacity, mosaic attenuation; 6 cases showed pulmonary consolidation; 4 cases showed subpleural lines; 4 cases showed bronchiectasis; 2 cases showed mid-lower pleural effusion. In the late stage of poisoning (>14 d), 4 cases showed pulmonary consolidation and pulmonary fibrosis, 3 cases showed ground-glass opacity and mosaic attenuation, 1 case showed mid-lower pleural effusion; 1 case showed mediastinal emphysema. Conclusion: The clinical pathology process of paraquat poisoning was in line with CT finding which was related with clinical stage and was helpful for clinical assessment of paraquat poisoning promptly and to guide the clinical treatment. (authors)

  14. CT findings of primary malignant pulmonary mesenchymal tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To describe the CT findings and characteristic clinical manifestation of primary malignant pulmonary mesenchymal tumors. This study involved nine histopathologically proven cases of malignant primary pulmonary mesenchymal tumors, as follows:MFH(n=3D2), leiomyosarcoma(n=3D2), pulmonary blastoma(n=3D1), neurogenic sarcoma(n=3D1), rhabdomyosarcoma(n=3D1), liposarcoma(n=3D1) and hemangiopericytoma(n=3D1). Two patients were male and seven were female;their median age was 45. We retrospectively analyzed tumor size, location, characteristic of the peripheral margin, relationship to airways, and whether there was distal atelectasis or obstructive pneumonitis and lymph node involvement. We also reviewed distant metastasis, tumor growth rate and the interval between surgery and recurrence, as seen on follow-up CT scans(n=3D6). Lesions werelocated at the right upper (n=3D2), right middle (n=3D1), right lower (n=3D1) and left lower lobe (n=3D2);in three cases, the whole left lung (left upper + left lower lobe) was involved. CT findings showed that in all cases, the largest diameter of masses ranged from 3 to 15 cm;a well-demarcated margin was seen (smooth in eight cases, spiculated in one) and this was well enhanced(inhomogeneous in six cases, homogeneous in three). In six cases, masses encircled or displaced the peritumoral small bronchus, and in five cases, were located in the peripheral lung field. In four patients who underwent endobronchoscopy, no endobronchial lesions were present, and in six cases scans initial CT scans showed no lymph-node involvement. In two cases, mass size doubled within one month. On initial diagnosis, distant metastasis was seen in seven cases, and in three, recurrent lesions were detected within postoperative six months. If in the differential diagnosis of lung cancer, a mass seen on CT images is well demarcated, large, peripheral, inhomogeneously enhanced encircles or displaces the peritumoral small bronchus, shows early distant metastasis, is

  15. The role of 18F–NaF PET/CT in metastatic bone disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mine Araz

    2015-09-01

    Conclusion: Although further prospective clinical studies in specific cancer populations are indicated to set the place of 18F–NaF PET/CT in diagnostic scheme, the results of this pilot study from our country support the superiority of 18F–NaF PET/CT in investigation of bone metastasis over 99mTc-MDP bone scan and 18F-FDG PET/CT in various malignancies. 18F–NaF PET/CT is coming forward as a single step bone seeking study, considering all the advantages, but especially potential of detecting occult metastases and reliably directing patient management.

  16. CT and MR findings of chordoid meningioma: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 25-year-old woman with focal seizure, intermittent morning headache and vomiting for 2 years showed microcytic hypochromic anemia on peripheral blood smear and a 6 x 6 x 7.5 cm sized intracranial mass with cystic and solid portions at the right temporoparietal convexity on brain CT and MRI which was hypervascular on cerebral angiography. Histopathologic findings on light microscopy suggested chordoma, but it was confirmed as a chordoid meningioma by immunohistochemical study. The present case suggests that the diagnosis of chordoid meningioma should be considered in a juvenile or young adult who is presented with an extra-axial mass with typical location of meningiomas, findings of chordomas on light microscopy, and clinical findings of Castleman syndrome

  17. Multidetector CT and MRI findings in periportal space pathologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karcaaltincaba, Musturay [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey)]. E-mail: musturayk@yahoo.com; Haliloglu, Mithat [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Akpinar, Erhan [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Akata, Deniz [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Ozmen, Mustafa [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Ariyurek, Macit [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Akhan, Okan [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey)

    2007-01-15

    Periportal region is an anatomic space around portal vein comprising hepatic artery, bile duct, nerves, lymphatics and a potential space. Periportal pathologies may involve any of these structures diffusely or focally with characteristic radiologic findings. Radiologic findings can be helpful in differential diagnosis of pathologies of periportal structures including periportal cavernomatous transformation, hepatic artery aneurysm, biliary diseases, neurofibromatosis, lymphoma, langerhans' cell histiocytosis, periportal fatty infiltration and other causes of periportal halo in adult and pediatric patients. Lobar/segmental intrahepatic involvement can be seen in neurofibromatosis, cavernomatous transformation, fatty infiltration and periportal edema. In this review, we discuss CT and MRI findings of periportal pathologies which can be in the form of diffuse or segmental/lobar involvement.

  18. Multidetector CT and MRI findings in periportal space pathologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Periportal region is an anatomic space around portal vein comprising hepatic artery, bile duct, nerves, lymphatics and a potential space. Periportal pathologies may involve any of these structures diffusely or focally with characteristic radiologic findings. Radiologic findings can be helpful in differential diagnosis of pathologies of periportal structures including periportal cavernomatous transformation, hepatic artery aneurysm, biliary diseases, neurofibromatosis, lymphoma, langerhans' cell histiocytosis, periportal fatty infiltration and other causes of periportal halo in adult and pediatric patients. Lobar/segmental intrahepatic involvement can be seen in neurofibromatosis, cavernomatous transformation, fatty infiltration and periportal edema. In this review, we discuss CT and MRI findings of periportal pathologies which can be in the form of diffuse or segmental/lobar involvement

  19. Indicative findings of pancreatic cancer in prediagnostic CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Sung Soo; Choi, Jin-Young; Hong, Hye-Suk; Chung, Yong Eun; Lim, Joon Seok [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Myeong-Jin [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Institute of Gastroenterology and Brain Korea 21 project, Seoul (Korea); Department of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea)

    2009-10-15

    We examined 20 prediagnostic CTs from 16 patients for whom the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer was delayed until full diagnostic CT was performed. Three radiologists independently reviewed the prediagnostic CTs along with 50 CTs of control subjects, including patients without pancreatic disease (n = 38) or with chronic pancreatitis without calcification visible on CT (n=12). The reviewers recorded the presence of biliary or pancreatic ductal dilation, interruption of the pancreatic duct, distal parenchymal atrophy, contour abnormality and focal hypoattenuation. Frequency, sensitivity and specificity of the significant findings were calculated. Logistic regression analysis was performed. Findings indicative of pancreatic cancer were seen on 85% (17/20) of the prediagnostic CTs. Patients with pancreatic cancer were significantly (p<0.05) more likely to show focal hypoattenuation, pancreatic duct dilation, interruption of the pancreatic duct, and distal parenchymal atrophy, with sensitivities and specificities of 75%/84%, 50%/78%, 45%/82% and 45%/96%, respectively. Focal hypoattenuation and distal parenchymal atrophy were the independent predictors of pancreatic cancer with odds ratios of 20.92 and 11.22, respectively. In conclusion, focal hypoattenuation and pancreatic duct dilation with or without interruption, especially when accompanied by distal parenchymal atrophy, were the most useful findings for avoiding delayed diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. (orig.)

  20. Dual-phase CT findings of groove pancreatitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Groove pancreatitis is a rare focal form of chronic pancreatitis that occurs in the pancreaticoduodenal groove between the major and minor papillae, duodenum and pancreatic head. Radiologic appearance and clinical presentation can result in suspicion of malignancy rendering pancreaticoduodenectomy inevitable. This study reports dual phase CT findings in a series of 12 patients with pathology proven groove pancreatitis. Materials and methods: Retrospective review of preoperative CT findings in 12 patients with histologically proven groove pancreatitis after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Size, location, attenuation, presence of mass or cystic components in the pancreas, groove and duodenum, calcifications, duodenal stenosis and ductal changes were recorded. Clinical data, laboratory values, endoscopic ultrasonographic and histopathological findings were collected. Results: Soft tissue thickening in the groove was seen in all patients. Pancreatic head, groove and duodenum were all involved in 75% patients. A discrete lesion in the pancreatic head was seen in half of the patients, most of which appeared hypodense on both arterial and venous phases. Cystic changes in pancreatic head were seen in 75% patients. Duodenal involvement was seen in 92% patients including wall thickening and cyst formation. The main pancreatic duct was dilated in 7 patients, with an abrupt cut off in 3 and a smooth tapering stricture in 4. Five patients had evidence of chronic pancreatitis with parenchymal calcifications. Conclusion: Presence of mass or soft tissue thickening in the groove with cystic duodenal thickening is highly suggestive of groove pancreatitis. Recognizing common radiological features may help in diagnosis and reduce suspicion of malignancy

  1. Dual-phase CT findings of groove pancreatitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zaheer, Atif, E-mail: azaheer1@jhmi.edu [The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States); Pancreatitis Center, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States); Haider, Maera, E-mail: mhaider3@jhmi.edu [The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States); Kawamoto, Satomi, E-mail: skawamo1@jhmi.edu [The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States); Hruban, Ralph H., E-mail: rhruban1@jhmi.edu [Department of Pathology, The Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States); Fishman, Elliot K., E-mail: efishma1@jhmi.edu [The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States)

    2014-08-15

    Purpose: Groove pancreatitis is a rare focal form of chronic pancreatitis that occurs in the pancreaticoduodenal groove between the major and minor papillae, duodenum and pancreatic head. Radiologic appearance and clinical presentation can result in suspicion of malignancy rendering pancreaticoduodenectomy inevitable. This study reports dual phase CT findings in a series of 12 patients with pathology proven groove pancreatitis. Materials and methods: Retrospective review of preoperative CT findings in 12 patients with histologically proven groove pancreatitis after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Size, location, attenuation, presence of mass or cystic components in the pancreas, groove and duodenum, calcifications, duodenal stenosis and ductal changes were recorded. Clinical data, laboratory values, endoscopic ultrasonographic and histopathological findings were collected. Results: Soft tissue thickening in the groove was seen in all patients. Pancreatic head, groove and duodenum were all involved in 75% patients. A discrete lesion in the pancreatic head was seen in half of the patients, most of which appeared hypodense on both arterial and venous phases. Cystic changes in pancreatic head were seen in 75% patients. Duodenal involvement was seen in 92% patients including wall thickening and cyst formation. The main pancreatic duct was dilated in 7 patients, with an abrupt cut off in 3 and a smooth tapering stricture in 4. Five patients had evidence of chronic pancreatitis with parenchymal calcifications. Conclusion: Presence of mass or soft tissue thickening in the groove with cystic duodenal thickening is highly suggestive of groove pancreatitis. Recognizing common radiological features may help in diagnosis and reduce suspicion of malignancy.

  2. Indicative findings of pancreatic cancer in prediagnostic CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We examined 20 prediagnostic CTs from 16 patients for whom the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer was delayed until full diagnostic CT was performed. Three radiologists independently reviewed the prediagnostic CTs along with 50 CTs of control subjects, including patients without pancreatic disease (n = 38) or with chronic pancreatitis without calcification visible on CT (n=12). The reviewers recorded the presence of biliary or pancreatic ductal dilation, interruption of the pancreatic duct, distal parenchymal atrophy, contour abnormality and focal hypoattenuation. Frequency, sensitivity and specificity of the significant findings were calculated. Logistic regression analysis was performed. Findings indicative of pancreatic cancer were seen on 85% (17/20) of the prediagnostic CTs. Patients with pancreatic cancer were significantly (p<0.05) more likely to show focal hypoattenuation, pancreatic duct dilation, interruption of the pancreatic duct, and distal parenchymal atrophy, with sensitivities and specificities of 75%/84%, 50%/78%, 45%/82% and 45%/96%, respectively. Focal hypoattenuation and distal parenchymal atrophy were the independent predictors of pancreatic cancer with odds ratios of 20.92 and 11.22, respectively. In conclusion, focal hypoattenuation and pancreatic duct dilation with or without interruption, especially when accompanied by distal parenchymal atrophy, were the most useful findings for avoiding delayed diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. (orig.)

  3. Calcific tendinitis of the gluteus maximus tendon: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hottat, N.; Fumiere, E.; Delcour, C. [C. H. U. de Charleroi (Belgium). Dept. of Radiology

    1999-08-01

    Two cases of calcific tendinitis of gluteus maximus muscle are presented. The CT findings, including amorphous calcification without soft tissue mass and possible cortical erosion at the femoral enthesis of the gluteus maximus muscle, are highly suggestive of calcific tendinitis at this unusual but classical location. Ossifying entheses with well-defined cortical defect are frequent at the femoral insertion of the gluteus maximus muscle in asymptomatic subjects and must be differentiated from a real cortical erosion sometimes associated with these calcific tendinitis. (orig.) With 3 figs., 7 refs.

  4. Calcific tendinitis of the gluteus maximus tendon: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two cases of calcific tendinitis of gluteus maximus muscle are presented. The CT findings, including amorphous calcification without soft tissue mass and possible cortical erosion at the femoral enthesis of the gluteus maximus muscle, are highly suggestive of calcific tendinitis at this unusual but classical location. Ossifying entheses with well-defined cortical defect are frequent at the femoral insertion of the gluteus maximus muscle in asymptomatic subjects and must be differentiated from a real cortical erosion sometimes associated with these calcific tendinitis. (orig.)

  5. Radiologic and Audiologic Findings in the Temporal Bone of Patients with CHARGE Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, Jennifer; Ong, Frederick; Wood, Bradley; Vijayasekaran, Shyan

    2016-01-01

    Background: CHARGE syndrome is a common congenital anomaly. Hearing loss affects 60%-90% of these children. As temporal bone computed tomography (CT) has become more sophisticated, more abnormalities of the middle and inner ear have been found. We present the detailed CT findings for children with CHARGE syndrome and the correlation of the CT findings with audiograms. Methods: We performed a retrospective medical records review of 12 patients with CHARGE syndrome, identified between 1990-2011 at Princess Margaret Hospital for Children in Western Australia, who underwent temporal bone CT for evaluation of hearing loss. Results: We present our findings for the 24 ears in terms of the cochlear, semicircular canal, middle ear, facial nerve, external auditory canal, venous, and jugular anomalies. The internal auditory canal was normal in 83.3% (n=20) of ears. Three (12.5%) ears had enlarged basal turns, and 4 (16.7%) each had hypoplastic and incompletely partitioned apical turns. The majority (n=13, 56.5%) of the vestibules were dysplastic. Up to 70.8% had abnormalities of the semicircular canal. The middle ear cavity was normal in 55% (n=11) of ears; however, up to 80% of the ears had some abnormality of the ossicles, and up to 70% had an abnormality of the facial nerve (7th cranial nerve) segments, especially in the labyrinthine segment. CT findings did not correlate with the audiograms. Conclusion: The management of children with CHARGE syndrome is complex, requiring early evaluation and close attention of the multidisciplinary team. Early identification of hearing deficits is vital for patients' linguistic development. PMID:27303220

  6. Normal SUV Values Measured from NaF18- PET/CT Bone Scan Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Aung Zaw Win; Carina Mari Aparici

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Cancer and metabolic bone diseases can alter the SUV. SUV values have never been measured from healthy skeletons in NaF18-PET/CT bone scans. The primary aim of this study was to measure the SUV values from normal skeletons in NaF18-PET/CT bone scans. Methods A retrospective study was carried out involving NaF18- PET/CT bone scans that were done at our institution between January 2010 to May 2012. Our excluding criteria was patients with abnormal real function and patients with past...

  7. The role of 18F–NaF PET/CT in metastatic bone disease

    OpenAIRE

    Mine Araz; Gülseren Aras; Özlem N. Küçük

    2015-01-01

    Aim: To investigate the role of 18F–NaF PET/CT and compare it with 99m Tc-MDP whole body bone scintigraphy and 18F-FDG PET/CT in detecting the extent of metastatic bone disease and to present our first experience with 18F–NaF PET/CT in our country. Materials and methods: A total of 37 histopathologically proven cancer patients (22 male, 15 female) with bone metastasis detected on Tc-99m MDP whole body bone scan were prospectively enrolled Cebeci, following ethics committee approval. 18F–Na...

  8. Frontal plagiocephaly. Three dimensional CT findings and surgical correction with microplate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three dimensional computerized tomographic (3D-CT) scans of six children with craniostenosis were compared with high resolution CT scan with bone definition algorithms. Four of them showed frontal plagiocephaly with unilateral coronal synostosis. Bilateral frontal recontouring and supra orbital advancement were performed with the use of a microplate with 2 mm microscrews. Skull deformities secondary to premature suture closure are well visualized with three dimensional CT images. High resolution CT images with bone definition algorithms supply valuable details of pathological changes at the abnormal suture lines. (author)

  9. CT and ERCP findings of chronic focal pancreatitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the major radiologic features of chronic focal pancreatitis in various imaging studies, with special emphasis on CT and ERCP findings. From 1991 to 1995, twelve patients were pathologically proved to be suffering from focal chronic pancreatitis after pancreatico-duodenectomy;for retrospective evaluation, imaging studies were available for eight(seven men, one woman;mean age 58.9±6.6, range 47 to 67). Clinical, surgical, and radiological findings, including CT(n=8), ultrasound(n=7), ERCP(n=8) and UGI(n=3) were analysed. Seven male patients had suffered from chronic alcoholism for between 20 and 50 years. Serum bilirubin levels were normal in eight patients and alkaline phosphatase levels were normal in seven patients. Serum CA 19-9 levels were normal in all five patients who had undergone preoperative evaluation. Seven patients(87.5%) showed focal enlargement without definable margin on CT, and five of the six lesions detectable on ultrasound(83.3%) were ill defined hypoechoic nodules. Dilated side branches within lesions were seen in five of eight patients(83.3%) on CT and ERCP. Double duct signs were observed in siven(87.5%) patients, and dilated intrahepatic ducts in six(75%), with diameters ranging from 5 to 8mm(average:5.42±1.96mm). The average ratio of pancreatic duct caliber to gland width was 0.33±0.19. None of the patients had calcification within the lesion and one case showed intraductal calcification. None showed perivascular fat obliteration around the superior mesenteric artery or celiac axis. The average biductal distance between abnormal common bile duct and the immediately adjacent pancreatic duct was 4.0±1.15mm. One of three cases who under went a UGI examination showed severe luminal narrowing and mucosal thickening in the second protion of the duodenum, another showed double contour, and the other merely showed widening of the C-loop of the duodenum. Chronic focal pancreatitis mostly demonstrated ill defined focal enlargement and

  10. CT and ERCP findings of chronic focal pancreatitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hee Soo; Lee, Jong Tae; Yoo, Hyung Sik; Kim, Eun Kyeong [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-10-01

    To evaluate the major radiologic features of chronic focal pancreatitis in various imaging studies, with special emphasis on CT and ERCP findings. From 1991 to 1995, twelve patients were pathologically proved to be suffering from focal chronic pancreatitis after pancreatico-duodenectomy;for retrospective evaluation, imaging studies were available for eight(seven men, one woman;mean age 58.9{+-}6.6, range 47 to 67). Clinical, surgical, and radiological findings, including CT(n=8), ultrasound(n=7), ERCP(n=8) and UGI(n=3) were analysed. Seven male patients had suffered from chronic alcoholism for between 20 and 50 years. Serum bilirubin levels were normal in eight patients and alkaline phosphatase levels were normal in seven patients. Serum CA 19-9 levels were normal in all five patients who had undergone preoperative evaluation. Seven patients(87.5%) showed focal enlargement without definable margin on CT, and five of the six lesions detectable on ultrasound(83.3%) were ill defined hypoechoic nodules. Dilated side branches within lesions were seen in five of eight patients(83.3%) on CT and ERCP. Double duct signs were observed in siven(87.5%) patients, and dilated intrahepatic ducts in six(75%), with diameters ranging from 5 to 8mm(average:5.42{+-}1.96mm). The average ratio of pancreatic duct caliber to gland width was 0.33{+-}0.19. None of the patients had calcification within the lesion and one case showed intraductal calcification. None showed perivascular fat obliteration around the superior mesenteric artery or celiac axis. The average biductal distance between abnormal common bile duct and the immediately adjacent pancreatic duct was 4.0{+-}1.15mm. One of three cases who under went a UGI examination showed severe luminal narrowing and mucosal thickening in the second protion of the duodenum, another showed double contour, and the other merely showed widening of the C-loop of the duodenum. Chronic focal pancreatitis mostly demonstrated ill defined focal

  11. Renal lesions associated with autoimmune pancreatitis: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Triantopoulou, Charikleia; Maniatis, Petros; Siafas, Ioannis; Papailiou, John (CT and Radiology Dept., ' Konstantopouleion' General Hospital, Athens (Greece)), e-mail: ctriantopoulou@gmail.com; Malachias, George; Anastopoulos, John (Radiology Dept., ' Sismanogleio' General Hospital, Athens (Greece))

    2010-07-15

    Background: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by IgG4-positive plasma cells. Recent evidence suggests that it is a systemic disease affecting various organs. Tubulointerstitial nephritis has been reported in association with AIP. Purpose: To investigate the incidence and types of renal involvement in patients with AIP. Material and Methods: Eighteen patients with no history of renal disease and a diagnosis of AIP (on the basis of histopathologic findings or a combination of characteristic imaging features, increased serum IgG4 levels, and response to steroid treatment) were included. All patients underwent computed tomography (CT) imaging and follow-up ranged from 6 months to 2 years. CT images were reviewed for the presence of renal lesions. Results: Seven patients had renal involvement (38.8%). None of the lesions was visible on non-contrast-enhanced CT scan. Parenchymal lesions appeared as multiple nodules showing decreased enhancement (four cases). Pyelonephritis, lymphoma, and metastases were considered in the differential diagnosis. An ill-defined low-attenuation mass-like lesion was found in one patient, while diffuse thickening of the renal pelvis wall was evident in the last two cases. Renal lesions regressed in all patients after steroid treatment, the larger one leaving a fibrous cortical scar. Conclusion: Different types of renal lesions in patients with AIP are relatively common, appearing as multiple nodules with decreased enhancement. These findings support the proposed concept of an IgG4-related systemic disease. Autoimmune disease should be suspected in cases of renal involvement in association with pancreatic focal or diffuse enlargement.

  12. Renal lesions associated with autoimmune pancreatitis: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by IgG4-positive plasma cells. Recent evidence suggests that it is a systemic disease affecting various organs. Tubulointerstitial nephritis has been reported in association with AIP. Purpose: To investigate the incidence and types of renal involvement in patients with AIP. Material and Methods: Eighteen patients with no history of renal disease and a diagnosis of AIP (on the basis of histopathologic findings or a combination of characteristic imaging features, increased serum IgG4 levels, and response to steroid treatment) were included. All patients underwent computed tomography (CT) imaging and follow-up ranged from 6 months to 2 years. CT images were reviewed for the presence of renal lesions. Results: Seven patients had renal involvement (38.8%). None of the lesions was visible on non-contrast-enhanced CT scan. Parenchymal lesions appeared as multiple nodules showing decreased enhancement (four cases). Pyelonephritis, lymphoma, and metastases were considered in the differential diagnosis. An ill-defined low-attenuation mass-like lesion was found in one patient, while diffuse thickening of the renal pelvis wall was evident in the last two cases. Renal lesions regressed in all patients after steroid treatment, the larger one leaving a fibrous cortical scar. Conclusion: Different types of renal lesions in patients with AIP are relatively common, appearing as multiple nodules with decreased enhancement. These findings support the proposed concept of an IgG4-related systemic disease. Autoimmune disease should be suspected in cases of renal involvement in association with pancreatic focal or diffuse enlargement.

  13. CT findings of the brain post cardiopulmonary resuscitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subjects were 88 cases of non-traumatic CPA excluding those with primary brain disease. The subjects were divided into 4 groups according to the duration of cardiac arrest: Group A (less than 15 minutes, 2 cases), Group B (15-30 minutes, 11 cases), Group C (more than 30 minutes, 40 cases), Group D (no resuscitation after cardiac arrest, 35 cases). All cases in Group A were observed to be clear consciousness after resuscitation. Not only the functional outcome but also the survivals rates were poorer as the duration of cardiac arrest increased in Groups B and C compared to Group A. The mortality rate was 85% or higher for cardiac arrest of 15 minutes or longer. Brain edema after resuscitation was examined by head CT in the basal-ganglia and thalamus regions, and in the corticomedullary junction of the cerebrum. In the cases of short duration of cardiac arrest, the basal-ganglia and thalamus regions, and the corticomedullary junction were clearly visible on CT. On the other hand, these areas were poorly or not visible (marked brain edema) in the cases of longer duration of cardiac arrest. The borders of the basal-ganglia and thalamus regions, and the corticomedullary junction were not obscured in any of the cases in Group A. However, the borders of these regions were poorly visible or not visible more frequently as the duration of cardiac arrest increased. In particular, the corticomedullary junction was not visible more frequently after cardiac arrest of long duration. Brain edema is caused and intensified by prolongation of hypoxia, but it is also reported to be caused by external cardiac massage, which increases the intracranial pressure. This was also suggested by the more notable brain edema in the corticomedullary junction than in the basal-ganglia and thalamus regions. These findings of brain edema appeared on head CT within 4 hours after CPR. Findings suggestive of vascular occlusion were also obtained. (K.H.)

  14. Iron overload following bone marrow transplantation in children: MR findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of post-transfusional iron overload in children after bone marrow transplantation by reviewing their magnetic resonance imaging (MR) findings. Materials and methods. We reviewed the abdominal MR studies of 13 children after autologous bone marrow transplantation. Nine of the children had also undergone MR prior to transplantation. Iron deposition in the liver, spleen and bone marrow was graded semi-quantitatively on both T1- and T2-weighted images. Serum ferritin levels and number of blood units given after bone marrow transplantation were recorded. Results. None of the pre-transplantation MR studies revealed iron overload. After bone marrow transplantation, three children showed normal liver and spleen. Iron overload in the liver was noted in ten patients (77 %), six of whom also showed iron overload in the spleen (46 %) and five in the bone marrow (38.5 %). The degree of hepatic iron overload was correlated significantly and splenic iron overload was correlated weakly with the number of blood transfusions (P 0.01 and P > 0.01, respectively), but neither was correlated with the serum ferritin level. Conclusion. Iron overload commonly accompanies bone marrow transplantation. The observed pattern of iron deposition, in which the spleen was uninvolved in 40 % of patients demonstrating iron overload, is not typical of post-transfusional hemochromatosis. (orig.)

  15. CT findings of lumbar intervertebral discs: I. normal anatomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The cross-sectional anatomy of the intervertebral disc and spinal canal can be studied in detail by computed tomography (CT) which is not invasive and is much simpler than conventional myelography. The shape of the normal disc and distribution of epidural fat pad varied at each disc level and CT findings of the normal disc and spinal canal are essential in diagnosis of herniation or bulging. However, there has been no previous publications providing us with the detailed criteria of normal disc and neural canal cross-sectional anatomy. The present study has been carried out to investigate CT anatomy of the normal distribution of the epidural fat at each lumbar disc level to set up a baseline by which one will be able to judge disc herniation or bulging. The materials consisted of 30 adult volunteers. They were sampled randomly from the individual undergoing a CT study for the reasons other than spinal disease and having no symptoms or signs of the lumbar spinal disease. CT scans were performed with a Siemens Somatom 2 Scanner. Technical factors involved were: Tube voltage 125 kVp, exposure time 10 seconds, 460 mAS, 256 x 256 matrix, and pixel size 0.4 mm. Contiguous 2-mm thick slice of each disc were obtained parallel to the disc plane at 3-mm interval for 5 lumbar disc. The results are follows: 1. The shape of the posterior disc margins at L1-2, L2-3, and L3-4 levels were concave anteriorly in over 90% of the cases compared with the disc margins at L4-5 and L5-S1 where were convex or flat in over 85%. 2. None of the convex disc showed focal nodular protrusion nor were more convex than anterior margin of the disc. 3. The lower lumbar levels, the greater the visibility of the epidural fat pad. The visibility of the epidural fat pad in both lateral recesses was 81.5% at the L4-5 level and 100% at the L5-S1 level. There was no single case in which epidural fat pad was visable in only on side. 4. The visibility of the epidural fat just behind the disc was only 18.5% at

  16. Malignancy rate of biopsied suspicious bone lesions identified on FDG PET/CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adams, Hugo J.A.; Kwee, Thomas C. [University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Utrecht (Netherlands); Klerk, John M.H. de [Meander Medical Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Amersfoort (Netherlands); Heggelman, Ben G.F. [Meander Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Amersfoort (Netherlands); Dubois, Stefan V. [Meander Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Amersfoort (Netherlands)

    2016-07-15

    To determine the malignancy rate of bone lesions identified on FDG PET/CT in patients who have undergone CT-guided biopsy because of the suspicion of malignancy. This single-centre retrospective study spanned eight consecutive years and included all patients who underwent both FDG PET/CT and CT-guided bone biopsy because of the suspicion of malignancy. The positive predictive value (PPV) for malignancy was calculated, and different patient and imaging characteristics were compared between malignant and benign bone lesions. Of 102 included patients with bone lesions that all showed FDG uptake exceeding mediastinal uptake, bone biopsy showed a malignant lesion in 91 patients, yielding a PPV for malignancy of 89.2 % (95 % CI 81.7 - 93.9 %). In the 94 patients with bone lesions that showed FDG uptake exceeding liver uptake, bone biopsy showed a malignant lesion in 83 patients, yielding a PPV for malignancy of 88.3 % (95 % CI 80.1 - 93.5 %). Higher age, bone marrow replacement of the lesion seen on CT, expansion of the lesion seen on CT, and presence of multifocal lesions on FDG PET/CT were significantly more frequent in patients with malignant lesions than in those with benign bone lesions (P = 0.044, P = 0.009, P = 0.015, and P = 0.019, respectively). Furthermore, there was a trend towards a higher incidence of cortical destruction (P = 0.056) and surrounding soft tissue mass (P = 0.063) in patients with malignant bone lesions. The PPV for malignancy of suspicious bone lesions identified on FDG PET/CT is not sufficiently high to justify changes in patient management without histopathological confirmation. Nevertheless, ancillary patient and imaging characteristics may increase the likelihood of a malignant bone lesion. (orig.)

  17. The value of FDG PET/CT in the initial staging and bone marrow involvement of patients with multiple myeloma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sager, Sait; Erguel, Nurhan; Ciftci, Hediye; Cermik, Teyfik Fikret [Istanbul Education and Research Hospital, Clinic of Nuclear Medicine, Istanbul (Turkey); Cetin, Gueven; Guener, Sebnem Izmir [Istanbul Education and Research Hospital, Clinic of Internal Medicine, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2011-07-15

    The aim of this study was to describe the role of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in the detection of skeletal and visceral involvement in patients with MM (multiple myeloma) at the initial diagnosis and to evaluate the relation between maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) of FDG with bone marrow cellularity and plasma cell ratios. The study population consisted of 42 patients (15 F, 28 M; mean {+-} SD age; 47 {+-} 12 years). Thirty-two patients were referred for initial diagnosis and ten patients were referred for assessment of therapy response. PET/CT scan was obtained 60 min after the administration of 5.4 MBq/kg FDG. The SUVmax of FDG uptake was measured from the region of interest, which was placed at the site of most prominent lesion in bone marrow in PET/CT images. Thirty patients were positive (29 of 32 initially diagnosed, one of ten previously treated) and 12 patients were negative on PET/CT scan. Conventional radiological methods were negative in three of 30 FDG PET/CT-positive patients and these methods did not show any pathological finding in 12 FDG PET/CT-negative patients. The sensitivity of FDG PET in detecting bone marrow involvement at initial diagnosis was 90%. There was a significant correlation between SUVmax values and bone marrow biopsy cellularity and plasma cell ratios, (r = 0.54 and r = 0.74, p < 0.01). The results of this study demonstrated that FDG-PET is a useful technique for the assessment of MM and the correlation between SUVmax and plasma cell ratios in bone marrow biopsy may avoid repeated bone marrow biopsies in the follow-up period. (orig.)

  18. ''Black Bone'' MRI: a potential alternative to CT with three-dimensional reconstruction of the craniofacial skeleton in the diagnosis of craniosynostosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the potential of novel gradient echo parameters, ''Black Bone'' MRI as an alternative to CT in the identification of normal and prematurely fused cranial sutures both in 2D and 3D imaging. Thirteen children with a clinical diagnosis of craniosynostosis underwent ''Black Bone'' MRI in addition to routine cranial CT. ''Black Bone'' datasets were compared to CT and clinical findings. ''Black Bone'' imaging was subsequently used to develop 3D reformats of the craniofacial skeleton to enhance further visualisation of the cranial sutures. Patent cranial sutures were consistently identified on ''Black Bone'' MRI as areas of increased signal intensity. In children with craniosynostosis the affected suture was absent, whilst the remaining patent sutures could be visualised, consistent with CT and clinical findings. Segmentation of the ''Black Bone'' MRI datasets was successful with both threshold and volume rendering techniques. The cranial sutures, where patent, could be visualised throughout their path. Patent cranial sutures appear as areas of increased signal intensity on ''Black Bone'' MRI distinct from the cranial bone, demonstrating considerable clinical potential as a non-ionising alternative to CT in the diagnosis of craniosynostosis. (orig.)

  19. ''Black Bone'' MRI: a potential alternative to CT with three-dimensional reconstruction of the craniofacial skeleton in the diagnosis of craniosynostosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eley, Karen A. [University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, Oxford (United Kingdom); University of Cambridge, Addenbrookes Hospital, Department of Radiology, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Watt-Smith, Stephen R. [University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, Oxford (United Kingdom); University College London, Eastman Dental Institute, London (United Kingdom); Sheerin, Fintan [University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, Oxford (United Kingdom); Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford (United Kingdom); Golding, Stephen J. [University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, Oxford (United Kingdom)

    2014-10-15

    To determine the potential of novel gradient echo parameters, ''Black Bone'' MRI as an alternative to CT in the identification of normal and prematurely fused cranial sutures both in 2D and 3D imaging. Thirteen children with a clinical diagnosis of craniosynostosis underwent ''Black Bone'' MRI in addition to routine cranial CT. ''Black Bone'' datasets were compared to CT and clinical findings. ''Black Bone'' imaging was subsequently used to develop 3D reformats of the craniofacial skeleton to enhance further visualisation of the cranial sutures. Patent cranial sutures were consistently identified on ''Black Bone'' MRI as areas of increased signal intensity. In children with craniosynostosis the affected suture was absent, whilst the remaining patent sutures could be visualised, consistent with CT and clinical findings. Segmentation of the ''Black Bone'' MRI datasets was successful with both threshold and volume rendering techniques. The cranial sutures, where patent, could be visualised throughout their path. Patent cranial sutures appear as areas of increased signal intensity on ''Black Bone'' MRI distinct from the cranial bone, demonstrating considerable clinical potential as a non-ionising alternative to CT in the diagnosis of craniosynostosis. (orig.)

  20. Adult cerebellar medulloblastoma: CT and MRI findings in eight cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho Neto, Arnolfo de; Bertoldi, Guilherme A. [Parana Univ., Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Radiologia Diagnostica]. E-mail: arnolfo.carvalho@avalon.sul.com.br; Gasparetto, Emerson L. [Parana Univ., Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Hospital das Clinicas. Secao de Radiologia Diagnostica; Ono, Sergio E. [Parana Univ., Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina; Gomes, Andre F. [Diagnostico Avancado Por Imagem (DAPI), Curitiba, PR (Brazil)

    2003-06-01

    Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor of neuro epithelial origin, which represents 15 to 30% of all pediatric brain tumors, and less than 1% of CNS adult neoplasms. We report the imaging findings of 8 adult patients with medulloblastoma. The mean age was 35 years, ranging from 20 to 65 years, and the male:female rate was 3:5. The tumors were predominantly lateral (63%), hyperdense on CT scans (83%), and on the MRI, hypointense on T1 (100%) and hyperintense on T2 (80%) weighted images. It was seen intratumoral necrosis and cysts in six cases and calcifications in three. Hydrocephalus was observed in 5 cases and brain stem invasion in four. The imaging findings of medulloblastomas in adults are different of those in child, and also nonspecific. Although these tumors are uncommon in adults, they must be considered in the differential diagnosis of cerebellar masses in the posterior fossa of this age group. (author)

  1. Adult cerebellar medulloblastoma: CT and MRI findings in eight cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carvalho Neto Arnolfo de

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor of neuroepithelial origin, which represents 15 to 30% of all pediatric brain tumors, and less than 1% of CNS adult neoplasms. We report the imaging findings of 8 adult patients with medulloblastoma. The mean age was 35 years, ranging from 20 to 65 years, and the male:female rate was 3:5. The tumors were predominantly lateral (63%, hyperdense on CT scans (83%, and on the MRI, hypointense on T1 (100% and hyperintense on T2 (80% weighted images. It was seen intratumoral necrosis and cysts in six cases and calcifications in three. Hydrocephalus was observed in 5 cases and brain stem invasion in four. The imaging findings of medulloblastomas in adults are different of those in child, and also nonspecific. Although these tumors are uncommon in adults, they must be considered in the differential diagnosis of cerebellar masses in the posterior fossa of this age group.

  2. CT evaluation of bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar spine in patients after gastrectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The late postoperative complications in patients after gastrectomy include anemia and metabolic bone disorders. We studied to determine whether gastric surgery is associated with metabolic bone disease. Vertebral BMD was measured in 55 patients after gastric resection by using DEQCT (dual energy quantitative CT). Forty patients were symptomatic, having bone or joint pain, history of bone fracture, or dental caries. The control group consisted of 161 patients without metabolic bone disorders. Forty percent of the patients with either the symptoms or history of bone fracture or dental caries, and 20% of the patients without the symptoms or the history showed decreased BMD. BMD was significantly lower in males in their 60s and in females in their 50s and 70s than BMD in age-matched control groups. When male subjects were grouped according to the years following the operation (1-5, 6-10, 11-15, 16-20 years), BMD was found to be decreased in 27%, 29%, 40% and 50% of the patients in each group, respectively, and the degree of the decrease tended to be greater with increasing time after surgery. Higher incidence of decreased BMD was found in the patients after total gastrectomy when compared with those after subtotal gastrecotmy. Among the patients with subtotal gastrectomy, the incidence of decreased BMD was higher in patients with Billroth II anastomosis than in those with Billroth I anastomosis. In cases with compression fracture on thoracolumbar radiographs, BMD was significantly lower in comparison with cases with no fracture. It was difficult to differentiate between osteomalacia and osteoporosis only by the thoracolumbar radiographs. While the clinical information such as patients' complaints, histories of fracture and laboratory findings are important to evaluate the bone changes following gastric resection. BMD measurement is most useful in quantitatively determining the degree of bone loss after gastrectomy. (author)

  3. Image findings and bone metabolic markers of bone involvement by oral squamous cell carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kameta, Ayako; Tsuchimochi, Makoto; Harada, Mikiko; Katada, Tsutomu; Sasaki, Yoshihiko; Hayama, Kazuhide [Nippon Dental Univ. (Japan). School of Dentistry at Niigata

    2000-01-01

    Recently it has been reported that the circulating pyridinoline cross-linked carboxyl-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP) and carboxyl-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PICP) are useful markers for detecting metastasis of malignancies to bone. Since ICTP and PICP are related to collagen metabolism, respectively breaking down and synthesizing type I collagen, elevated blood concentrations of these markers may reflect direct jaw bone destruction by oral cancer. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between serum ICTP and PICP levels and bone invasion associated with oral cancer. Bone invasion was evaluated in 41 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) by panoramic radiography and {sup 99m}Tc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) scintigraphy. We also assayed serum levels of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) and compared them with concentrations of bone metabolic markers and imaging findings. There was no significant relationship between serum ICTP and PICP levels and bone invasion. However, in three of the five cases that showed remarkably high serum ICTP levels, {sup 99m}Tc-MDP uptake in the lesion was intensely increased. This suggests that serum ICTP levels may be elevated when bone metabolic changes caused by cancer involving the bone are extensive. We could find no significant correlation among serum levels of ICTP, PICP, and PTHrP. ICTP and PICP do not appear to be good indicators of direct bone invasion by oral SCC in early stages. (author)

  4. Metastatic tumor of the pancreas: helical CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Soon Jin; Lee, Won Jae; Lim, Hyo Keun; Kim, Seung Hoon; Kim, Kyeong Ah; Choi, Sang Hee; Jang, Hyun Jung; Lee, Ji Yeon [Samsung Medical Center, School of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-04-01

    To analyze the helical computed tomographic (CT) findings of distant metastatic tumors to the pancreas and to determine the differential points between these and primary pamcreatic carcinomas. We sruveyed 22 patients with metastatic tumor of the pancreas, proven on the basis of clinical and pathological findings. Seventeen patients were men, and five were women, and their ages ranged between 36 and 83 years. Their primary conditions were lung cancer (n=3D15), rectal cancer (n=3D2), melanoma of the foot, chondrosarcoma of the sacrum, cervical cancer, leiomyosarcoma of the uterus, and extragonadal choriocarcinoma of the mediastinum. We retrospectively reviewed the abdominal helical CT findings, analysing the number, location, size and attenuation of masses, as well as secondary change, which included dilatation of the pancreatic and biliary ducts and invasion of peripancreatic tissue or vessels. We also evaluated the differential findings of primary pancreatic cancer. Sixteen patients had a solitary focal mass, while in five, two masses were present. Among the 22 patients, low-density nodular masses were present in 21; in the other, in whom multiple metastasis from chondrosarcoma had occurred, there was dense calcification. The size of metastatic masses varied, ranging from 0.6 to 6 cm in diameter. The pancreatic duct proximal to the mass was dilated in ten cases, while the bile duct was dilated in six. The metastatic masses masses demonstrated no peripancreatic or vascular invasion, though they showed a discrete margin and contour bulging. Single metastasis to the pancreas was most common, and metastatic masses had a discrete margin, with contour bulging. There was no peripancreatic or vascular invasion. If the metastasis involved a single low-attenuated mass, however, with pancreatic or biliary dilatation, it was difficult to differentiate this from primary pancreatic cancer. (author)

  5. Metastatic tumor of the pancreas: helical CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To analyze the helical computed tomographic (CT) findings of distant metastatic tumors to the pancreas and to determine the differential points between these and primary pamcreatic carcinomas. We sruveyed 22 patients with metastatic tumor of the pancreas, proven on the basis of clinical and pathological findings. Seventeen patients were men, and five were women, and their ages ranged between 36 and 83 years. Their primary conditions were lung cancer (n=3D15), rectal cancer (n=3D2), melanoma of the foot, chondrosarcoma of the sacrum, cervical cancer, leiomyosarcoma of the uterus, and extragonadal choriocarcinoma of the mediastinum. We retrospectively reviewed the abdominal helical CT findings, analysing the number, location, size and attenuation of masses, as well as secondary change, which included dilatation of the pancreatic and biliary ducts and invasion of peripancreatic tissue or vessels. We also evaluated the differential findings of primary pancreatic cancer. Sixteen patients had a solitary focal mass, while in five, two masses were present. Among the 22 patients, low-density nodular masses were present in 21; in the other, in whom multiple metastasis from chondrosarcoma had occurred, there was dense calcification. The size of metastatic masses varied, ranging from 0.6 to 6 cm in diameter. The pancreatic duct proximal to the mass was dilated in ten cases, while the bile duct was dilated in six. The metastatic masses masses demonstrated no peripancreatic or vascular invasion, though they showed a discrete margin and contour bulging. Single metastasis to the pancreas was most common, and metastatic masses had a discrete margin, with contour bulging. There was no peripancreatic or vascular invasion. If the metastasis involved a single low-attenuated mass, however, with pancreatic or biliary dilatation, it was difficult to differentiate this from primary pancreatic cancer. (author)

  6. Giant fatty Schmorl's nodes: CT findings in four patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coulier, B. [Clinique St Luc, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Bouge (Namur) (Belgium)

    2005-01-01

    To describe the CT features of an unusual type of lumbar Schmorl's node (SN) appearing as giant fatty lesion of the vertebral bodies. >Four patients (4 men; mean age 48.5 years) collected during a 9-month period were examined with MDCT for unremarkable lumbar symptoms; none had relevant history of specific trauma during the last years preceding the CT. The CT findings had a similar showing: a central or para-central osteolytic lesion in contact with the upper end plate of the vertebra, occupying about two-thirds to three-quarters of the body height and being surrounded by a thin and well-delineated bony rim. There was a clear interruption of the superior vertebral end plate above the lesion and an almost normal height of the adjacent vertebral disk. The CT appearance suggested a uniform fat content which was confirmed by density measurements ranging from -20 to -30 HU. The origin remains unknown, but a parallel is drawn between giant fatty SNs and giant cystic SNs. Intravertebral disk herniation is likely to be the initial phenomenon, with a preponderant responsibility of the ''secondary induced intramedullar tissular disorders'' to constitute the final size of the lesion. One hypothesis could be a fracture of trabecular bone with secondary hemorrhage and cystic or fatty degeneration. Alternatively, intramedullary vascular disturbances may lead to foci of bone necrosis that heal by fibroblastic proliferation followed by mucoid or fatty degeneration. It is also possible that giant fatty SNs could represent end stage of giant cystic SNs. (orig.)

  7. Temporal bone trauma and the role of multidetector CT in the emergency department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zayas, Julio O; Feliciano, Yara Z; Hadley, Celene R; Gomez, Angel A; Vidal, Jorge A

    2011-10-01

    The temporal bone anatomy is complex, with many critical structures in close association with one another. The temporal bone region comprises cranial nerves V, VI, VII, and VIII; vascular structures such as the internal carotid and middle meningeal arteries; sigmoid sinus; jugular bulb; and sensorineural and membranous structures of the inner ear. Most temporal bone fractures are a result of high-energy blunt head trauma. Multidetector computed tomography (CT) plays a fundamental role in the initial evaluation of patients with polytrauma in the emergency department. Multidetector CT may help identify important structural injuries that may have devastating complications such as sensorineural hearing loss, conductive hearing loss, dizziness and balance dysfunction, perilymphatic fistulas, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, facial nerve paralysis, and vascular injury. Although classifying temporal bone fractures helps physicians understand and predict trauma-associated complications and guide treatment, identifying injury to critical structures is more important for guiding management and determining prognosis than is simply classifying temporal bone fractures into a general category. Many temporal bone fractures and complications may be readily identified and characterized at routine cervical, maxillofacial, and head multidetector CT performed in patients with polytrauma, without the need for dedicated temporal bone multidetector CT. Dedicated temporal bone multidetector CT should be considered when there is a high degree of suspicion for temporal bone fractures and no fractures are identified at head, cervical, or maxillofacial CT. PMID:21997992

  8. Relationship between CT findings and electroencephalograms of children with cerebral palsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electroencephalograms and CT findings of 43 infants with cerebral palsy were evaluated. Nineteen of them (44%) had abnormal findings of CT. The incidences of epileptic attacks and abnormal electroencephalograms were 33% and 84% in each group, respectively, with no differences between a normal-CT group and an abnormal-CT one. In electroencephalograms, positive spikes did not correlate with abnormal CT findings, but abnormal basal waves, particularly, low voltage dysrhythmia did well. Lazy activity also correlated with the abnormal CT findings. (Ueda, J.)

  9. Bone SPECT/CT detection of a sequestrum in chronic-infected nonunion of the tibia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jan L

    2008-01-01

    Abstract: Sequestra are dead pieces of bone most often seen in long bones affected with prior or current infection. In addition to antibiotic therapy, chronic osteomyelitis with sequestration requires surgical debridement for cure. The author presents a case of tibial fracture associated with...... chronic osteomyelitis, nonunion, and the presence of a sequestrum that was detected by bone SPECT/CT.  ...

  10. Intratemporal facial nerve neuromas and their mimics: CT and MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Moon Hee; Chang, Kee Hyun; Lee, Kyung Hwan; Cha, Sang Hoon; Kim, Chong Sun [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sang Joon [Chungang Gil General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1992-05-15

    CT and MR findings of nine cases with intra temporal facial nerve neuromas were described and compared with CT findings of 3 cases with facial nerve palsy and facial nerve canal erosion which may mimic facial nerve neuroma. The tympanic segment of the facial nerve was involved in 8 cases, mastoid segment in 7 cases and labyrinthine segment in 5 cases. The lesions were easily diagnosed with high resolution CT with bone algorithms by showing the expansion of bony structures along the course of the facial nerves. In 4 cases with large vertical segment tumors, extensive destruction of mastoid air cells and external auditory canals posed difficulty in making a diagnosis. Two out of 5 cases with labyrinthine segment involvement were presented as middle cranial fossa masses. MRI with enhancement was performed in 4 cases and was useful in characterizing the lesion as a tumor with its superior sensitivity to enhancement. Three cases of facial neuroma-mimicking lesion including post-inflammatory peri neural thickening, peri neural extension from parotid adenoid cystic carcinoma, and congenita; cholesteatoma showed irregular erosion or mild expansion of the facial nerve canal which may be helpful for differential diagnosis from neuromas.

  11. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia: high-resolution CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to assess high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings of exogenous lipoid pneumonia. High-resolution computed tomography was obtained in 25 patients with proven exogenous lipoid pneumonia resulting from aspiration of squalene (derived from shark liver oil). Diagnosis was based on biopsy (n = 9), bronchoalveolar lavage (n = 8), or sputum cytology and clinical findings (n = 8). The clinical history of taking squalene was confirmed in all patients. The CT findings were classified into three patterns: diffuse ground-glass opacity, consolidation, and interstitial abnormalities. Distribution of the abnormalities, duration of taking squalene, predisposing factors for aspiration, and route of administration were analyzed. Ten patients showed diffuse ground-glass opacity pattern. Seven of 10 patients had predisposing conditions such as unconsciousness, pharyngeal dysmotility, or motor disturbances, and 6 patients had a recent history of taking large amount of squalene through nasal route. Seven patients who had consolidation pattern had a history of taking squalene for several months and did not have any predisposing factor. All of the 5 patients who had a pattern of interstitial abnormalities had a history of taking squalene longer than 1 year and showed segmental distribution of interstitial thickening with interposing ground-glass opacities. Three patients simultaneously had two different patterns at different lobes of the lung. The HRCT findings of lipoid pneumonia are ground-glass opacities, consolidation, and interstitial abnormalities. These HRCT findings with appropriate inquiries could be useful for diagnosis of exogeneous lipoid pneumonia. (orig.)

  12. Intratemporal and extratemporal facial nerve schwannoma: CT and MRI findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To analyze the characteristics of CT and MRI findings of facial nerve schwannoma in ten patients. Ten patients with pathologically confirmed facial nerve schwannoma, underwent physical and radilolgic examination. The latter involved MRI in all ten and CT scanning in six. We analyzed the location (epicenter), extent and number of involved segments of tumors, tuumor morphology, and changes in adjacent bony structures. The major symptoms of facial nerve schwannoma were facial nerve paralysis in seven cases and hearing loss in six. Epicenters were detected at the intraparotid portion in five cases, the intracanalicular portion in two, the cisternal portion in one, and the intratemporal portion in two. The segment most frequently involved was the mastoid (n=6), followed by the parotid (n=5), intracanalicular (n=4), cisternal (n=2), the labyrinthine/geniculate ganglion (n=2) and the tympanic segment (n=1). Tumors affected two segments of the facial nerve in eight cases, only one segment in one, and four continuous segments in one. Morphologically, tumors were ice-cream cone shaped in the cisternal segment tumor (1/1), cone shaped in intracanalicular tumors (2/2), oval shaped in geniculate ganglion tumors (1/1), club shaped in intraparotid tumors (5/5) and bead shaped in the diffuse-type tumor (1/1). Changes in adjacent bony structures involved widening of the stylomastoid foramen in intraparotid tumors (5/5), widening of the internal auditary canal in intracanalicular and cisternal tumors (3/3), bony erosion of the geniculate fossa in geniculate ganglion tumors (2/2), and widening of the facial nerve canal in intratemporal and intraparotid tumors (6/6). The characteristic location, shape and change in adjacent bony structures revealed by facial schwannomas on CT and MR examination lead to correct diagnosis

  13. Intratemporal and extratemporal facial nerve schwannoma: CT and MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Keum Won [Pohang Medical Center, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Ho Kyu; Shin, Ji Hoon; Choi, Choong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [Asan Medical Center, Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cheong, Hae Kwan [Dongguk Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-05-01

    To analyze the characteristics of CT and MRI findings of facial nerve schwannoma in ten patients. Ten patients with pathologically confirmed facial nerve schwannoma, underwent physical and radilolgic examination. The latter involved MRI in all ten and CT scanning in six. We analyzed the location (epicenter), extent and number of involved segments of tumors, tuumor morphology, and changes in adjacent bony structures. The major symptoms of facial nerve schwannoma were facial nerve paralysis in seven cases and hearing loss in six. Epicenters were detected at the intraparotid portion in five cases, the intracanalicular portion in two, the cisternal portion in one, and the intratemporal portion in two. The segment most frequently involved was the mastoid (n=6), followed by the parotid (n=5), intracanalicular (n=4), cisternal (n=2), the labyrinthine/geniculate ganglion (n=2) and the tympanic segment (n=1). Tumors affected two segments of the facial nerve in eight cases, only one segment in one, and four continuous segments in one. Morphologically, tumors were ice-cream cone shaped in the cisternal segment tumor (1/1), cone shaped in intracanalicular tumors (2/2), oval shaped in geniculate ganglion tumors (1/1), club shaped in intraparotid tumors (5/5) and bead shaped in the diffuse-type tumor (1/1). Changes in adjacent bony structures involved widening of the stylomastoid foramen in intraparotid tumors (5/5), widening of the internal auditary canal in intracanalicular and cisternal tumors (3/3), bony erosion of the geniculate fossa in geniculate ganglion tumors (2/2), and widening of the facial nerve canal in intratemporal and intraparotid tumors (6/6). The characteristic location, shape and change in adjacent bony structures revealed by facial schwannomas on CT and MR examination lead to correct diagnosis.

  14. Biopsy versus FDG PET/CT in the initial evaluation of bone marrow involvement in pediatric lymphoma patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective is to assess the role of 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT versus bone marrow biopsy (BMB) in the initial evaluation of bone marrow (BM) involvement in pediatric lymphoma patients. Fifty-four pediatric patients with pathologically proven lymphoma [31 Hodgkin's disease (HD), 23 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)] were included in this study. All patients had soft tissue biopsy and BMB and had FDG PET/CT scans within 2 weeks of biopsy. Among the 31 HD patients, FDG PET/CT revealed positive BM involvement in 4 patients, while BMB revealed BM involvement in 2 patients who were also positive on FDG PET/CT imaging. Among the 23 NHL patients, FDG PET/CT revealed positive BM involvement in 8 patients, while biopsy revealed BM involvement in 5 patients on initial studies (4 of them were also positive on FDG PET/CT, and 1 was BMB positive but was negative on FDG PET/CT), plus 1 false-negative BMB study initially but positive on repeat biopsy after FDG PET/CT. The overall sensitivity of detecting BM involvement by lymphoma was 92 and 54% (p < 0.05) for FDG PET/CT and BMB, respectively. It is noted that there were more positive BMB findings in patients with abnormal FDG activities seen in the biopsy sites on PET/CT. Our study demonstrates that FDG PET/CT has high sensitivity and accuracy and a substantial complementary value to BMB in the initial diagnosis of pediatric lymphoma, and should be employed as a first-line study. (orig.)

  15. Biopsy versus FDG PET/CT in the initial evaluation of bone marrow involvement in pediatric lymphoma patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Gang; Chamroonrat, Wichana; Torigian, Drew A.; Alavi, Abass [Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Chen, Wengen [University of Maryland Medical Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States); Zhuang, Hongming [Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    2011-08-15

    The objective is to assess the role of {sup 18}F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT versus bone marrow biopsy (BMB) in the initial evaluation of bone marrow (BM) involvement in pediatric lymphoma patients. Fifty-four pediatric patients with pathologically proven lymphoma [31 Hodgkin's disease (HD), 23 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)] were included in this study. All patients had soft tissue biopsy and BMB and had FDG PET/CT scans within 2 weeks of biopsy. Among the 31 HD patients, FDG PET/CT revealed positive BM involvement in 4 patients, while BMB revealed BM involvement in 2 patients who were also positive on FDG PET/CT imaging. Among the 23 NHL patients, FDG PET/CT revealed positive BM involvement in 8 patients, while biopsy revealed BM involvement in 5 patients on initial studies (4 of them were also positive on FDG PET/CT, and 1 was BMB positive but was negative on FDG PET/CT), plus 1 false-negative BMB study initially but positive on repeat biopsy after FDG PET/CT. The overall sensitivity of detecting BM involvement by lymphoma was 92 and 54% (p < 0.05) for FDG PET/CT and BMB, respectively. It is noted that there were more positive BMB findings in patients with abnormal FDG activities seen in the biopsy sites on PET/CT. Our study demonstrates that FDG PET/CT has high sensitivity and accuracy and a substantial complementary value to BMB in the initial diagnosis of pediatric lymphoma, and should be employed as a first-line study. (orig.)

  16. Study on CT findings and electroencephalographic findings in severely handicapped children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakashima, Masao; Nishimura, Masaaki; Kachi, Shozo; Sugimoto, Kimiyuki; Saito, Msahiko; Yamada, Shigeaki; Kameyama, Yoshio; Tanaka, Minoru; Hiraizumi, Yasuhisa

    1987-11-01

    Sleep electroencephalographic (EEG) and computed tomographic (CT) features were examined in 40 institutionalized severely handicapped persons. Cranial CT appearance fell into five major types: (I) no abnormal findings (n=2), (II) generalized brain atrophy (n=16), (III) diffuse parenchymal disturbance (n=10), (IV) brain malformation (n=4), and (V) localized brain disturbance (n=8). In the I group, one person had normal EEG findings as well, but another person had the presence of focal spikes without spindles on EEG. Five of the II group had no abnormal EEG findings; ten had abnormality in basic waves and/or localized paroxysmal waves; and one had generalized spike-and-slow wave complex. All persons in the III group had flattening or disappearance of spindle waves. In the IV group, two persons with cerebral malformation and one with linear nevus sebaceous syndrome in association with hypoplasia of the cerebral hemisphere had abnormality in basic waves and localized paroxysmal waves. In the remaining one person with deficit of vermis cerebelli, there was no EEG abnormality. Among the last group of persons, there was no EEG abnormality corresponding to CT features. (Namekawa, K).

  17. A study on CT findings and electroencephalographic findings in severely handicapped children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sleep electroencephalographic (EEG) and computed tomographic (CT) features were examined in 40 institutionalized severely handicapped persons. Cranial CT appearance fell into five major types: (I) no abnormal findings (n=2), (II) generalized brain atrophy (n=16), (III) diffuse parenchymal disturbance (n=10), (IV) brain malformation (n=4), and (V) localized brain disturbance (n=8). In the I group, one person had normal EEG findings as well, but another person had the presence of focal spikes without spindles on EEG. Five of the II group had no abnormal EEG findings; ten had abnormality in basic waves and/or localized paroxysmal waves; and one had generalized spike-and-slow wave complex. All persons in the III group had flattening or disappearance of spindle waves. In the IV group, two persons with cerebral malformation and one with linear nevus sebaceous syndrome in association with hypoplasia of the cerebral hemisphere had abnormality in basic waves and localized paroxysmal waves. In the remaining one person with deficit of vermis cerebelli, there was no EEG abnormality. Among the last group of persons, there was no EEG abnormality corresponding to CT features. (Namekawa, K)

  18. Cholangiocarcinoma associated with recurrent pyogenic cholangitis: sonographic and CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cholangiocarcinoma may be associated with recurrent pyogenic cholangitis as a complication of longstanding proliferative cholangitis in the presence of intrahepatic stones. Sonographic and CT findings of six patients with cholangiocarcinoma of the liver associated with recurrent pyogenic cholangitis are presented. The cases were among 128 patients who underwent partial resection of the liver because of recurrent pyogenic cholangitis and its complication. On sonogram the mass was depicted in four patients as an ill-defined heterogenously echogenic mass and in one patient as a bulging contour; in the remaining one case the mass was not detected. There were small or large, shadowing or non shadowing stones within the tumor in five cases. In one case, the stone was in the duct proximal to the tumor. On CT scans of four patients, the tumors were depicted as an ill-defined, irregular low attenuation masses with variable contrast enhancement, the periphery being more enhanced. The stones were demonstrated in four cases, including three cases in which stones were within the tumor. Cholangiocarcinoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients with recurrent pyogenic cholangitis who presents with a hepatic mass containing stones

  19. CT findings of malignant tumors of maxillary sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings of histologically proven malignant tumors of maxillary sinus in 36 patients were retrospectively analyzed. A variety of malignant tumors were included; 27 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 3 malignant lymphomas, 2 malignant melanomas, 2 rhabdomyosarcomas, and chondrosarcoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and malignant ameloblastoma. CT staging was T4 in 19 cases, T3 in 16 cases and T2 in 1 case. The most common involved area beyond maxillary antrum was nasal cavity (25 cases), followed by ethmoid sinus (20 cases), orbit (19 cases), infratemporal fossa (17 cases), check skin (13 cases), pterygopalatine fossa (10 cases), and nasopharynx (6 cases). Skeletal destruction was seen in medial wall of antrum (31 cases), posterior wall of antrum (25 cases), anterior wall of antrum (23 cases), roof of antrum (19 cases), lamina papyracea (6 cases), and lateral wall of orbit (5 cases) in that order of frequency. Lymph node metastases were found in 2 cases of malignant melanoma, 2 cases of malignant lymphoma, and chondrosarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant ameloblastoma. Predilection site of lymph node involvement was submandibular (3 cases), internal jugular (2 cases), parotid (2 cases), and retropharyngeal node (1 case)

  20. CT findings of tuberculous lymphadenitis in the abdominal cavity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Ji Bai; Ko, Young Tae; Yoon, Yup; Lim, Jae Hoon; Kim, Soon Yong [Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1985-12-15

    Authors analysed CT findings of 8 patients with tuberculous lymphadenitis and one case of tuberculous abscess diagnosed surgically or clinically. The results were as follows; 1. Soft tissue density masses were noted in 8 patients in paraaortic, mesenteric, peripancreatic, celiac, portahepatis, and esophagogastric junction areas in order of frequency, and these correspond to lymph node groups of the same name. On contrast enhanced CT, rim enhancement with multilocular low densities indicating caseous necrosis were not noted in 3 patients, ill defined low densities were seen in 3 patients, and no definite changes were noted in 2 patients. 2. Two or more lymph node groups were involved in 6 patients, and one lymph node group was involved in two patients. 3. A huge cystic mass with relatively irregular rim enhancement and small amount of solid component occupied nearly entire upper abdomen in 1 patient and this was confirmed as tuberculous abscess in peritoneum. 4. In 2 cases, bowel wall thickening was suggested in cecum, ascending colon, and terminal ileum.

  1. Pelvic Hydatid Disease: CT and MRI Findings Causing Sciatica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanal, Hatice Tuba; Kocaoglu, Murat; Bulakbasi, Nail; Yildirim, Duzgun [Gulhane Military Medical School, Department of Radiology, 06018, Ankara (Turkmenistan)

    2007-12-15

    Pelvic masses, especially hydatid disease, rarely present with sciatica. We present the computed tomography (CT) and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a 49-year-old female patient with presacral hydatid disease, who was evaluated for her sciatica. We also want to emphasize the importance of assessing the pelvis of patients with symptoms and clinical findings that are inconsistent and that cannot be satisfactorily explained by the spinal imaging findings. isc herniation in the lumbar spine is a well-known etiology of back pains and sciatica, but whenever disc herniation of the lumbar spine is excluded by the employed imaging modalities, then the pelvis should be examined for other possible etiologies of nerve compression. We describe here a patient, who was complaining of sciatica, with no abnormal findings in her lumbar spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The cause of her sciatica was found to be associated with a pelvic hydatid cyst compressing the lumbosacral nerve plexus. In conclusion, if no pathology is evident for the lumbar discal structures, in connection with the cause of sciatica and lumbar back pains, then the pelvis should also be examined for the possible etiologies of compression of the lumbosacral nerve plexus. Whenever a multiseptated cyst is come across in a patient of an endemic origin with a positive history for hydatid disease like surgery, indicating recurrence, hydatid cyst is the most likely diagnosis.

  2. Haemodynamic findings on cardiac CT in children with congenital heart disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goo, Hyun Woo [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-02-15

    In patients with congenital heart disease, haemodynamic findings demonstrated on cardiac CT might provide useful hints for understanding the haemodynamics of cardiac defects. In contrast to morphological features depicted on cardiac CT, such haemodynamic findings on cardiac CT have not been comprehensively reviewed in patients with congenital heart disease. This article describes normal haemodynamic phenomena of cardiovascular structures and various abnormal haemodynamic findings with their mechanisms and clinical significance on cardiac CT in patients with congenital heart disease. (orig.)

  3. CT and MR imaging findings of palatal tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Palatal tumors commonly arise from the minor salivary glands, and benign tumors account for approximately half of all minor salivary gland tumors. Minor salivary gland tumors have an affinity for the posterior hard palate and soft palate and virtually never arise in the midline, probably because of the distribution of palatal salivary glands. The majority of benign salivary gland tumors of the palate are pleomorphic adenomas, while the most common malignant salivary gland tumor is adenoid cystic carcinoma, followed by mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma. Epithelial tumors frequently arise from the soft palate. The majority of benign epithelial tumors of the palate are papillomas, while most malignant epithelial tumors are squamous cell carcinomas. Various types of mesenchymal tumors, including fibromas, lipomas, schwannomas, neurofibromas, hemangiomas, and lymphangiomas, also involve the palate. This article describes the CT and MR findings of benign and malignant palatal tumors

  4. CT and MR imaging findings of palatal tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, Hiroki, E-mail: hkato@gifu-u.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, Gifu University School of Medicine, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194 (Japan); Kanematsu, Masayuki, E-mail: masa_gif@yahoo.co.jp [Department of Radiology, Gifu University School of Medicine, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194 (Japan); High-level Imaging Diagnosis Center, Gifu University Hospital, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194 (Japan); Makita, Hiroki, E-mail: makitah@gifu-u.ac.jp [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu (Japan); Kato, Keizo, E-mail: keizo@gifu-u.ac.jp [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu (Japan); Hatakeyama, Daijiro, E-mail: hatakeya@gifu-u.ac.jp [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu (Japan); Shibata, Toshiyuki, E-mail: shibat@gifu-u.ac.jp [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu (Japan); Mizuta, Keisuke, E-mail: kmizuta@gifu-u.ac.jp [Department of Otolaryngology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu (Japan); Aoki, Mitsuhiro, E-mail: aoki@gifu-u.ac.jp [Department of Otolaryngology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu (Japan)

    2014-03-15

    Palatal tumors commonly arise from the minor salivary glands, and benign tumors account for approximately half of all minor salivary gland tumors. Minor salivary gland tumors have an affinity for the posterior hard palate and soft palate and virtually never arise in the midline, probably because of the distribution of palatal salivary glands. The majority of benign salivary gland tumors of the palate are pleomorphic adenomas, while the most common malignant salivary gland tumor is adenoid cystic carcinoma, followed by mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma. Epithelial tumors frequently arise from the soft palate. The majority of benign epithelial tumors of the palate are papillomas, while most malignant epithelial tumors are squamous cell carcinomas. Various types of mesenchymal tumors, including fibromas, lipomas, schwannomas, neurofibromas, hemangiomas, and lymphangiomas, also involve the palate. This article describes the CT and MR findings of benign and malignant palatal tumors.

  5. Unusual Finding of a Tumor Thrombus Arising From Osteosarcoma Detected on 18F-NaF PET/CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Priyanka; Purandare, Nilendu; Agrawal, Archi; Shah, Sneha; Rangarajan, Venkatesh

    2016-06-01

    Osteosarcoma is the most common bone sarcoma in adolescents and children. Tumor thrombus arising from osteosarcoma is rare. We describe the case of a 13-year-old girl with osteosarcoma of the right femur, in whom the F-NaF PET/CT was done for initial staging to look for skeletal metastases. The scan showed abnormal increased tracer uptake in the primary tumor and the right common femoral and external iliac vein representing a tumor thrombus. Our case emphasizes the importance of extraosseous findings on F-NaF PET/CT, which may result in important management changes. PMID:26909709

  6. Cerebral CT and MRI findings in cervicocephalic artery dissection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pelkonen, O.; Tikkakoski, T.; Pyhtinen, J.; Sotaniemi, K. [Oulu Univ. Hospital (Finland). Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology

    2004-05-01

    PURPOSE: To explore the frequency and patterns of brain infarction and other brain manifestations in cervicocephalic artery dissection (CCAD) and to evaluate the correlation between vessel wall findings and infarctions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records and films of 136 consecutive CCAD patients diagnosed in Oulu Univ. Hospital during the 20-year period since 1982 were reviewed. Five patients with no brain imaging were excluded. RESULTS: One-hundred-and-twenty-seven patients underwent cerebral CT and four patients MRI. Brain infarction was detected in 73 patients (56%), 43 of whom had cerebral infarction associated with anterior circulation dissection and 30 cerebellar infarction associated with posterior circulation dissection. Occlusion of the dissected vessel was accompanied by infarction in 76%, irregular stenosis in 40%, and other findings in 12%. Of the anterior circulation infarctions, territorial and subcortical infarctions and territorial infarctions with fragmentation, which are considered embolic, accounted for 95%, while only 5% were in the watershed area and considered hemodynamic. Intracranial posterior circulation dissection rarely caused infarction (in 1/11 of the dissected vessels), whereas intracranial anterior circulation dissection resulted in infarction more commonly (9/12). Altogether 23% of patients with intracranial CCAD had subarachnoid hemorrhage. Hemorrhagic transformation was present in five patients. CONCLUSIONS: More than half of CCAD patients have cerebral or cerebellar infarction at CT or conventional MR imaging. Occlusion of the dissected vessel is accompanied by infarction more often than other vessel wall abnormalities. Most cerebral infarctions caused by arterial dissections are of embolic origin. Intracranial dissections cause subarachnoid hemorrhage in more than 20% of patients.

  7. Semicircular canal dehiscence: Frequency and distribution on temporal bone CT and its relationship with the clinical outcomes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elmali, Muzaffer, E-mail: muzafel@yahoo.com.tr [Department of Radiology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun (Turkey); Polat, Ahmet Veysel, E-mail: veyselp@hotmail.com [Department of Radiology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun (Turkey); Kucuk, Harun, E-mail: hardrmd@yahoo.com [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun (Turkey); Atmaca, Sinan, E-mail: sinanatmaca@yahoo.com [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun (Turkey); Aksoy, Ahmet, E-mail: toxocara47@hotmail.com [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun (Turkey)

    2013-10-01

    Purpose: In this study, we aimed to investigate the frequency of SCD and its distribution and relationship with clinical outcomes on thin-section CT of the temporal bone. Materials and methods: Digital temporal bone CT images of 850 consecutive patients (1700 temporal bone CTs, 5100 SCs) who presented with a range of complaints such as vertigo, deafness, ear pain, fullness, and discharge between January 2008 and December 2011 were re-evaluated. Axial and oblique coronal reconstruction images of the temporal bone were made with a reconstruction thickness of 0.5 mm. Additionally, superior SC was evaluated in two perpendicular planes. Results: Out of 850 patients, 70 had completely normal temporal bone CT. Ninety-three patients had at least one SCD. In the temporal bone-based evaluation, 119 (26 bilateral, 67 unilateral) of 1700 temporal bones (7%) showed dehiscence. The SC-based evaluation revealed 125 SCD (2.5%) in 5100 SCs. The total number and rates of SCD were as follows: superior 103 (82.4%), posterior 13 (10.4%), and lateral nine (7.2%). Twenty of the 93 patients with SCD (21.5%) revealed no other findings on their temporal bone CTs. We determined a significant correlation between vestibular complaints, conductive hearing loss and SCD but there was no correlation between mixed, sensorineural hearing loss and SCD. Conclusion: We determined the frequency of SCD in 11% of patients and 7% of temporal bones. With regards to the distribution, the superior SC showed the highest dehiscence rate (82.4%). We found a significant correlation between vestibular symptoms, conductive hearing loss and SCD.

  8. High-resolution CT findings of varicella-zoster pneumonia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choo, Hye Jeung; Kim, Kun Il [Busan National Univ. Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Ki Nam [College of Medicine, Donga Univ., Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-12-01

    To describe the high-resolution CT findings of varicella-zoster pneumonia. Seven adult patients with clinically and serologically diagnosed varicella-zoster pneumonia underwent HRCT scanning. One had undergone a kidney transplant, and the others were immunocompetent. The HRCT findings were retrospectively analyzed by two radiologists in terms of the presence of a nodule, pneumonia consolidation, ground-glass attenuation and pleural effusion, and with regard to the number, size and distribution of nodules. HRCT findings of varicella pneumonia included nodule (n=7), consolidation (n=3), diffuse ground-glass attenuation (n=1) and pleural effusion (n=1). Nodules were mostly 2-10 mm in size, and multiple (n=6), and zonal predominancy was not apparent. One case in which HRCT demonstrated diffuse ground-glass opacity and slight bilateral pleural effusion involved a patient in whom complications of acute respiratory distress syndrome occured. When HRCT demonstrates the presence of nodules 2-10 mm in size multiple nodules, or nodule surrounded by ground-glass attenuation, or the coalescence of nodules and consolidation is observed in adults with chickenpox, the varicella-zoster pneumonia should be included in the differential diagnosis.

  9. Evaluation of sequential FDG-PET/CT for monitoring bone metastasis of breast cancer during therapy. Correlation between morphological and metabolic changes with tumor markers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the significance of positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) findings for evaluating the bone metastasis of breast cancer during therapy. Forty-seven patients with bone metastases from breast cancer who underwent sequential 18F-flourodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET/CT studies during therapy were enrolled. A total of 771 lesions were identified. The changes in the PET and CT findings were compared with the tumor marker levels in each patient by calculating the weighted kappa value. The correlation between the PET and CT findings was examined for each lesion by an adjusted Chi-square test. The change in the tumor marker levels was substantially correlated with the PET findings and moderately correlated with the CT findings (weighted kappa=0.780 and 0.585 for quadratic weighting, respectively). An increase in FDG uptake was correlated with lytic changes on the CT images (62/65, 95.4%, p<0.05). Sclerotic changes suggested improvement, but sclerosis and progression occurred at the same time in some lesions. Changes of FDG uptake are useful for evaluating individual bone metastases in cases of breast cancer during therapy. Lytic change on CT images suggests progression of bone metastasis. The lysis-progression/sclerosis-improvement pattern was observed in the majority of subjects, but a sclerosis-progression pattern was also observed. The hybrid pattern of increase of FDG uptake on PET/lytic change on CT is most accurate to show progression of bone metastases. Assessments of these processes during therapy are necessary for the precise evaluation of bone metastases. (author)

  10. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia: high-resolution CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, J.S.; Song, K.S.; Lim, T.H. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Asan Medical Center, Sepoul (Korea, Republic of); Im, J.G.; Seo, J.B. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-03-01

    The aim of this study was to assess high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings of exogenous lipoid pneumonia. High-resolution computed tomography was obtained in 25 patients with proven exogenous lipoid pneumonia resulting from aspiration of squalene (derived from shark liver oil). Diagnosis was based on biopsy (n = 9), bronchoalveolar lavage (n = 8), or sputum cytology and clinical findings (n = 8). The clinical history of taking squalene was confirmed in all patients. The CT findings were classified into three patterns: diffuse ground-glass opacity, consolidation, and interstitial abnormalities. Distribution of the abnormalities, duration of taking squalene, predisposing factors for aspiration, and route of administration were analyzed. Ten patients showed diffuse ground-glass opacity pattern. Seven of 10 patients had predisposing conditions such as unconsciousness, pharyngeal dysmotility, or motor disturbances, and 6 patients had a recent history of taking large amount of squalene through nasal route. Seven patients who had consolidation pattern had a history of taking squalene for several months and did not have any predisposing factor. All of the 5 patients who had a pattern of interstitial abnormalities had a history of taking squalene longer than 1 year and showed segmental distribution of interstitial thickening with interposing ground-glass opacities. Three patients simultaneously had two different patterns at different lobes of the lung. The HRCT findings of lipoid pneumonia are ground-glass opacities, consolidation, and interstitial abnormalities. These HRCT findings with appropriate inquiries could be useful for diagnosis of exogeneous lipoid pneumonia. (orig.) With 4 figs., 1 tab., 17 refs.

  11. Additional Detection of Multiple Osteomas in a Patient with Gardner's Syndrome by Bone SPECT/CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Woo Hyoung; Kim, Daeweung; Kim, Chang Guhn; Kim, Myoung Hyoun [Wonkwang Univ. School of Medicine, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-12-15

    Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant disorder which generally develops numerous polyps in the colon and rectum during the second decade of life. Gardner's syndrome is a variant of FAP which has multiple osteomas, dental abnormalities, and fibromas, with incidence ranging between 1 in 4,000 and 1 in 40,000, depending on the region. We present the case of a 35-year-old man referred to our department for bone scintigraphy who was shown to have multiple colon polyps and nuchal type fibroma. In this patient, planar image showed intensely increased uptakes of bone agent in the maxilla and mandible, which are typical findings of Gardner's syndrome. Single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) was acquired to accurately identify and locate abnormal uptakes detected on planar images. SPECT/CT showed numerous osteomas in the maxilla and mandible where intense uptakes of bone agent were seen. Mildly asymmetrical, focally increased uptake in the superomedial aspect of the left orbit on anterior planar image was shown to be a fontal sinus osteoma on SPECT/CT. Enhanced sensitivity of detecting lesions of SPECT/CT superior to planar scintigraphy has been reported in previous studies. In this report, additional osteomas of sphenoidal and ethmoidal sinuses, which were not seen on planar scintigraphy, were detected by SPECT/CT. This case emphasizes that nuclear physicians should be aware of the typical findings of bone scintigraphy for Gardner's syndrome and also that SPECT/CT could be helpful to diagnose additional lesions not seen on planar images.

  12. SPECT/CT in the assessment of bone scintigraphy in staging of patients with oncologic diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We aimed to assess the role of single photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (SPECT/ CT) for characterizing nonconclusive lesions, observed by planar WB bone scintigraphy and to evaluate the impact of SPECT/CT on oncologic patient management. Data from 269 patients with oncologic diseases who had undergone WB BS for staging and 29 of them with nonconclusive lesions, passed SPECT/CT of a selected volume, were retrospectively analyzed. Planar scintigraphy and SPECT/CT images were independently evaluated in separate sessions to minimize recall bias. Among the 269 WB BS, in 37 patients multiple bone metastases were confirmed. In 161 patients degenerative lesions in the skeleton were defined, 42 patients were with normal bone scan and in 29 patients the results were nonconclusive for bone metastases. The fused scan after SPECT/CT imaging confirmed bone metastases in 11 (38%) patients with 27 new metastatic lesions and benign degenerative lesions in 18 patients. SPECT/CT is better than planar WB BS for characterizing equivocal lesions that are observed by bone scintigraphy, thus SPECT/CT can have a significant impact on patient management in staging the oncologic disease. (authors)

  13. Evaluation study of the sinus lift technique in combination with autologous bone augmentation in dogs' frontal sinus. Limited cone beam CT image and histopathological analyses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, Tatsuo [Tokyo Women' s Medical Coll. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2002-08-01

    The posterior area of the maxilla has often been considered inadequate for the insertion of dental implants due to insufficient height of the alveolar bone by atrophic reduction and the maxillary sinus expansion. This anatomic problem may be resolved with augmentation of the floor of the maxillary sinus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of sinus lift and grafting with the iliac crest bone performed in the dog frontal sinus as a model of the human maxillary sinus. Time course evaluations of bone volume after insertion of implants were performed by the limited cone beam CT (Ortho-CT), histopathological study and NIH-image digital analysis. New bone formation was identified as early as 2 weeks after the implant insertion. The bone volume was increased continuously until 13th week. High-density bone was found in the cervix of the implant after 26 weeks. However, the bone was lost at apex area of the implant and air cavity of the frontal sinus expanded. Ortho-CT findings showed good correlation with histopathological course of the lesion and bone volume identified by the NIH image analysis. The results revealed first time whole course of the bone remodeling after implant insertion into the frontal sinus of a dog. The data also provide an appropriate timing of the implant prosthesis and promise usefulness of the Ortho-CT in planning efficient implant treatment. (author)

  14. Evaluation study of the sinus lift technique in combination with autologous bone augmentation in dogs' frontal sinus. Limited cone beam CT image and histopathological analyses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The posterior area of the maxilla has often been considered inadequate for the insertion of dental implants due to insufficient height of the alveolar bone by atrophic reduction and the maxillary sinus expansion. This anatomic problem may be resolved with augmentation of the floor of the maxillary sinus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of sinus lift and grafting with the iliac crest bone performed in the dog frontal sinus as a model of the human maxillary sinus. Time course evaluations of bone volume after insertion of implants were performed by the limited cone beam CT (Ortho-CT), histopathological study and NIH-image digital analysis. New bone formation was identified as early as 2 weeks after the implant insertion. The bone volume was increased continuously until 13th week. High-density bone was found in the cervix of the implant after 26 weeks. However, the bone was lost at apex area of the implant and air cavity of the frontal sinus expanded. Ortho-CT findings showed good correlation with histopathological course of the lesion and bone volume identified by the NIH image analysis. The results revealed first time whole course of the bone remodeling after implant insertion into the frontal sinus of a dog. The data also provide an appropriate timing of the implant prosthesis and promise usefulness of the Ortho-CT in planning efficient implant treatment. (author)

  15. Unexpected finding of elevated glucose uptake in fibrous dysplasia mimicking malignancy: contradicting metabolism and morphology in combined PET/CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stegger, Lars; Weckesser, Matthias [University Hospital of Muenster, Department of Nuclear Medicine (Germany); Juergens, Kai U.; Wormanns, Dag [University Hospital of Muenster, Department of Clinical Radiology (Germany); Kliesch, Sabine [University Hospital of Muenster, Department of Urology (Germany)

    2007-07-15

    Fibrous dysplasia is a common benign disorder of bone in which fibro-osseous tissue replaces bone spongiosa. Lesions have a typical appearance on computed tomography (CT) images and regularly show a markedly increased uptake in bone scintigraphy using {sup 99m}Tc-labelled methylene diphosphonate ({sup 99m}Tc-MDP) as radiotracer. The glucose avidity of these lesions depicted by positron emission tomography (PET) using the radiolabelled glucose derivative {sup 18}F-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose (FDG) is less well known since FDG-PET does not have a role in the assessment of this disease. However, single cases have been reported in which fibrous dysplasia was present in patients undergoing FDG-PET scanning for oncological reasons, and no significant FDG uptake was observed for lesions identified as fibrous dysplasia. We report on a 24-year-old man with known fibrous dysplasia who underwent combined FDG-PET/CT scanning because of suspected recurrence of testicular cancer. In contrast to prior reports, a markedly elevated uptake of FDG was seen in numerous locations that were identified as fibrous dysplasia by CT. Based on this result, we conclude that fibrous dysplasia may mimick malignancy in FDG-PET and that coregistered CT may help to resolve these equivocal findings. (orig.)

  16. Comparative analysis of CT and pathological findings of peripheral nerve sheath tumors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪林; 王晓琪; 邱士军

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To improve the qualitative diagnosis of peripheral nerve sheath tumors by computed tomography (CT). Methods: CT findings of 64 cases of pathologically confirmed nerve sheath tumors were compared with the pathological findings of the tumors. Results: Low density of the tumors shown in plain CT images was related to dominating reticular structure in the tumor as found pathologically. Tumors with intact capsule found by pathological findings were shown with smooth margin in CT images. Inhomogeneous density and enhancement of the tumors in CT images was related to tumor necrosis, liquefaction and cystic degeneration, and inhomogeneous enhancement also involved the reticular structure. Conclusion: Nerve sheath tumors are characterized by distribution along the nerves, lower density than that of muscles in plain CT images, and inhomogeneous enhancement in enhanced CT, which can help differentiate nerve sheath tumors from other soft tissue tumors. When nerve sheath tumors lack distinctive CT features, the diagnoses have to depend on their pathological findings.

  17. MR findings predictive of intradiscal leakage of bone cement in vertebroplasty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kye Ho; Yoo, Dong Soo; Kim, You Me; Lee, Young Seok [Donkook University College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-15

    To evaluate the relation between pre-operative MR findings and intradiscal bone cement leakage. Pre-operative MR and vertebroplasty were performed in 188 vertebral bodies, 376 superior and inferior cortical endplates and intervertebral discs of 126 patients. We analyzed the relation between endplate cortical injury and intradiscal linear low signal intensity lesions in the pre-operative MR images and measured intradiscal bone cement leakage on post-operative CT and fluoroscopy. Intradiscal bone cement leakage was found in 11.4% (43/376) of the cases. The incidence of endplate cortical injury in T1, T2 weighted MR images were 52.1% and 38.8%, respectively; the incidence of intradiscal linear low signal intensity lesions in T1, T2 weighted images were 11.2% and 24.2%, respectively. In relation with pre-operative MR findings and intradiscal bone cement leakage, the sensitivities of end plate cortical injury in T1 and T2 weighted images and intradiscal low signal intensity lesions in T1 and T2 weighted images were 100%, 95.3%, 39.5%, 86.5% the specificities were 54.1%, 68.5%, 92.5%, 83.9%, the positive predictive values were 21.9%, 28.1%, 40.5%, 40.7%, the negative predictive values were 100%, 99.1%, 92.2%, 97.9% and the accuracy were 59.3%, 71.5%, 86.4%, 84.0%. The incidence of intradiscal bone cement leakage was significantly increased when endplate cortical injury and intradiscal linear low signal intensity lesions were observed ({rho} < 0.001). Endplate cortical injury and intradiscal linear low signal intensity observed in pre-operative MR are useful findings in predicting intradiscal bone cement leakage.

  18. HT-BONE: a graphical user interface for the identification of bone profiles in CT images via extended Hough transform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campi, Cristina; Perasso, Annalisa; Beltrametti, Mauro C.; Piana, Michele; Sambuceti, Gianmario; Massone, Anna Maria

    2016-03-01

    It has been recently proved that the computational analysis of X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) images allows clinicians to assess the alteration of compact bone asset due to hematological diseases. HT-BONE implements a new method, based on an extension of the Hough transform (HT) to a wide class of algebraic curves, for accurately measuring global and regional geometric properties of trabecular and compact bone districts. In the case of CT/PET analysis, the segmentation of the CT images provides masks for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) data, extracting the metabolic activity in the region surrounded by compact bone tissue. HT-BONE offers an intuitive, user-friendly, Matlab-based Graphical User Interface (GUI) for all input/output procedures and the automatic managing of the segmentation process also from non-expert users: the CT/PET data can be loaded and browsed easily and the only pre-preprocessing required from the user is the drawing of Regions Of Interest (ROIs) around the bone districts under consideration. For each bone district, specific families of curves, whose reliability has been already tested in previous works, is automatically selected for the recognition task via HT. As output, the software returns masks of the segmented compact bone regions, images of the Standard Uptake Values (SUV) in the masked regions of PET slices, and the values of the parameters in the curve equations utilized in the HT procedure. This information can be used for all pathologies and clinical conditions for which the alteration of the compact bone asset or bone marrow distribution plays a crucial role.

  19. Micro- and nano-CT for the study of bone ultrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peyrin, Françoise; Dong, Pei; Pacureanu, Alexandra; Langer, Max

    2014-12-01

    Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT)-a version of X-ray CT operating at high spatial resolution-has had a considerable success for the investigation of trabecular bone micro-architecture. Currently, there is a lot of interest in exploiting CT techniques at even higher spatial resolutions to assess bone tissue at the cellular scale. After recalling the basic principles of micro-CT, we review the different existing system, based on either standard X-ray tubes or synchrotron sources. Then, we present recent applications of micro- and nano-CT for the analysis of osteocyte lacunae and the lacunar-canalicular network. We also address the question of the quantification of bone ultrastructure to go beyond the sole visualization. PMID:25292366

  20. Value of automatic bone subtraction in cranial CT angiography: comparison of bone-subtracted vs. standard CT angiography in 100 patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Non-contrast-enhanced cranial computed tomography (NECT) and CT angiography (CTA) are the most frequently used modalities in the triage of patients with acute ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. CTA bone removal can improve the delineation of vasculature closely adjacent to bony structures, which is sometimes limited in standard CTA. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the clinical benefit of bone subtraction (BS) regarding delineation of cerebral vasculature, reading time and depiction of vascular pathologies compared to standard CTA without BS. A total of 100 patients who underwent NECT and supraaortic CTA on a 64-slice CT system were retrospectively included in the study. Bone removal was performed by subtraction of the NECT data from the CTA data using a dedicated workstation. Standard and BS CTA of each patient was reviewed for delineation of cerebral vasculature (grading scale from 1 ''excellent delineation'' to 10 = ''hardly any delineation''), reading time and depiction of vascular pathologies (standardized catalog) by two blinded readers. For BS data sets, the quality of BS was rated by a combination of the criteria complete bone removal, depiction of vascular structures and sufficient quality for diagnostic evaluation. The use of BS significantly reduced reading time from 4.60 min to 3.49 min (p < 0.001). Performing BS, the quality of vascular delineation of the cerebral arteries, cerebral veins and cavernous segment of the ICA increased significantly as compared to standard CTA (1.70 vs. 2.70; 2.60 vs. 4.12; 2.35 vs. 4.40, all p < 0.001). Consensus reading showed 41 pathologies in 35 patients. Diagnosis was missed or wrong overall in 15 cases, with 3 missed aneurysms (CTA: 2 vs. BS: 1), 8 wrong stenotic findings (CTA: 3 vs. BS: 5) and 4 missed partial thromboses (CTA: 2 vs. BS: 2). Performing BS in supraaortic CTA for the evaluation of cerebral vasculature reduces reading time and improves delineation of vessels. Diagnostic accuracy in general is

  1. Value of automatic bone subtraction in cranial CT angiography: comparison of bone-subtracted vs. standard CT angiography in 100 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morhard, Dominik; Fink, Christian; Becker, Christoph; Reiser, Maximilian F.; Nikolaou, Konstantin [Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Institute of Clinical Radiology, Munich (Germany)

    2008-05-15

    Non-contrast-enhanced cranial computed tomography (NECT) and CT angiography (CTA) are the most frequently used modalities in the triage of patients with acute ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. CTA bone removal can improve the delineation of vasculature closely adjacent to bony structures, which is sometimes limited in standard CTA. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the clinical benefit of bone subtraction (BS) regarding delineation of cerebral vasculature, reading time and depiction of vascular pathologies compared to standard CTA without BS. A total of 100 patients who underwent NECT and supraaortic CTA on a 64-slice CT system were retrospectively included in the study. Bone removal was performed by subtraction of the NECT data from the CTA data using a dedicated workstation. Standard and BS CTA of each patient was reviewed for delineation of cerebral vasculature (grading scale from 1 = 'excellent delineation' to 10 = 'hardly any delineation'), reading time and depiction of vascular pathologies (standardized catalog) by two blinded readers. For BS data sets, the quality of BS was rated by a combination of the criteria complete bone removal, depiction of vascular structures and sufficient quality for diagnostic evaluation. The use of BS significantly reduced reading time from 4.60 min to 3.49 min (p < 0.001). Performing BS, the quality of vascular delineation of the cerebral arteries, cerebral veins and cavernous segment of the ICA increased significantly as compared to standard CTA (1.70 vs. 2.70; 2.60 vs. 4.12; 2.35 vs. 4.40, all p < 0.001). Consensus reading showed 41 pathologies in 35 patients. Diagnosis was missed or wrong overall in 15 cases, with 3 missed aneurysms (CTA: 2 vs. BS: 1), 8 wrong stenotic findings (CTA: 3 vs. BS: 5) and 4 missed partial thromboses (CTA: 2 vs. BS: 2). Performing BS in supraaortic CTA for the evaluation of cerebral vasculature reduces reading time and improves delineation of vessels. Diagnostic

  2. Bone marrow biopsy findings in brucellosis patients with hematologic abnormalities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cengiz Demir; Mustafa Kasim Karahocagil; Ramazan Esen; Murat Atmaca; Hayriye G(o)nüllü; Hayrettin Akdeniz

    2012-01-01

    Background Brucellosis can mimic various multisytem diseases,showing wide clinical polymorphism that frequently leads to misdiagnosis and treatment delay,further increasing the complication rates.In this study,we aimed to examine bone marrow biopsy findings in brucellosis cases presenting with hematologic abnormalities.Methods Forty-eight brucellosis cases were prospectively investigated.Complaints and physical examination findings of patients were recorded.Patients' complete blood count,routine biochemical tests,erythrocyte sedimentation rate,C-reactive protein and serological screenings were performed.Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration was performed in patients with cytopenia,for bone marrow examination and brucella culture,in accordance with the standard procedures from spina iliaca posterior superior region of pelvic bone.Results Of the 48 patients,35 (73%) were female and 13 (27%) were male.Mean age was (34.8±15.4) years (age range:15-70 years).Anemia,leukopenia,thrombocytopenia and pancytopenia were found in 39 (81%),28 (58%),22 (46%) and 10 patients (21%),respectively.In the examination of bone marrow,hypercellularity was found In 35 (73%) patients.Increased megacariocytic,erythroid and granulocytic series were found in 28 (58%),15 (31%) and 5 (10%) patients,respectively.In addition,hemophagocytosis was observed in 15 (31%) patients,granuloma observed in 12 (25%) and increased eosinophil and plasma cells observed in 9 (19%) patients.Conclusion According to the results of our series,hemophagocytosis,microgranuloma formation and hypersplenism may be responsible for hematologic complications of brucellosis.

  3. Quantitative mandibular and maxillary CT bone densitometry in surgical planning for osseointegrated dental implants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomographic (CT) scanning of the jaw is important in the preoperative evaluation of osseointegrated dental implants. The degree of bone mineralization may have a bearing on the likelihood of successful implantation. A phantom for analysis was scanned prior to CT studies. Measurements were made in 20 patients. Bone density was sampled inferior to normal teeth and in comparable but edentulous regions, in an attempt to define the limits of normal ossification. A wide variation in bone mineral was noted in normal teeth-bearing and in edentulous bone. Three patterns of ossification are identifiable with CT. Bone densitometry may indicate those patients for whom a longer recovery period between implantation and prosthetic placement is advised

  4. Brain damage in hanging: a new CT finding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a 23-year-old man who attempted suicide by hanging. There have been few reports of involvement of the brain parenchyma shown on CT, all showing ischaemic lesions. This is the first report of multifocal intracerebral haematomas due to hanging seen on CT. (orig.) (orig.)

  5. Does the presence of tumor-induced cortical bone destruction at CT have any prognostic value in newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adams, Hugo J.A.; Nievelstein, Rutger A.J.; Kwee, Thomas C. [University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Utrecht (Netherlands); Klerk, John M.H. de [Meander Medical Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Amersfoort (Netherlands); Fijnheer, Rob [Meander Medical Center, Department of Hematology, Amersfoort (Netherlands); Heggelman, Ben G.F. [Meander Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Amersfoort (Netherlands); Dubois, Stefan V. [Meander Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Amersfoort (Netherlands)

    2015-05-01

    To determine the prognostic value of tumor-induced cortical bone destruction at computed tomography (CT) in newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). This retrospective study included 105 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL who had undergone CT and bone marrow biopsy (BMB) before R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, Oncovin, and prednisolone) chemo-immunotherapy. Cox regression analyses were used to determine the associations of cortical bone status at CT (absence vs. presence of tumor-induced cortical bone destruction), BMB findings (negative vs. positive for lymphomatous involvement), and dichotomized National Comprehensive Cancer Network International Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI) strata (low risk vs. high risk) with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Univariate Cox regression analysis indicated that cortical bone status at CT was no significant predictor of either PFS or OS (p = 0.358 and p = 0.560, respectively), whereas BMB findings (p = 0.002 and p = 0.013, respectively) and dichotomized NCCN-IPI risk strata (p = 0.002 and p = 0.003, respectively) were significant predictors of both PFS and OS. In the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, only the dichotomized NCCN-IPI score was an independent predictive factor of PFS and OS (p = 0.004 and p = 0.003, respectively). The presence of tumor-induced cortical bone destruction at CT was not found to have any prognostic implications in newly diagnosed DLBCL. (orig.)

  6. X-ray CT high-density artefact suppression in the presence of bones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wei Jikun [School of Health Sciences, 550 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2051 (United States); Chen Laigao [BioImaging Center of Emphasis, Pfizer Global Research and Development, 2800 Plymouth RD, Ann Arbor, MI 48105 (United States); Sandison, George A [School of Health Sciences, 550 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2051 (United States); Liang Yun [Department of Radiology, Indiana University Medical School, Indianapolis, IN 46202 (United States); Xu, Lisa X [School of Mechanical Engineering, 585 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2040 (United States)

    2004-12-21

    This paper presents a novel method of reducing x-ray CT high-density artefacts generated by metal objects when abundant bone structures are present in the region of interest. This method has an advantage over previously proposed methods since it heavily suppresses the metal artefacts without introducing extra bone artefacts. The method of suppression requires that bone pixels are isolated and segmented by thresholding. Then artificial CT numbers are assigned to the bone pixels so that their projection profiles are smooth and thus can be properly simulated by a polynomial interpolation. The projection profile of the metal object is then removed to fully suppress the artefacts. The resulting processed profile is fed to a reconstruction routine and the previously preserved bone pixels added back. The new method utilizes two important features of the CT image with metal artefacts: (a) metal and bone pixels are not severely affected by the high-density artefacts and (b) the high-density artefacts can be located in specific projection channels in the profile domain, although they are spread out in the image domain. This suppression method solves the problem of CT image artefacts arising from metal objects in the body. It has the potential to greatly improve diagnostic CT imaging in the presence of these objects and treatment planning that utilizes CT for patients with metal applicators (e.g., brachytherapy for cervix cancer and prostate cryotherapy)

  7. X-ray CT high-density artefact suppression in the presence of bones

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a novel method of reducing x-ray CT high-density artefacts generated by metal objects when abundant bone structures are present in the region of interest. This method has an advantage over previously proposed methods since it heavily suppresses the metal artefacts without introducing extra bone artefacts. The method of suppression requires that bone pixels are isolated and segmented by thresholding. Then artificial CT numbers are assigned to the bone pixels so that their projection profiles are smooth and thus can be properly simulated by a polynomial interpolation. The projection profile of the metal object is then removed to fully suppress the artefacts. The resulting processed profile is fed to a reconstruction routine and the previously preserved bone pixels added back. The new method utilizes two important features of the CT image with metal artefacts: (a) metal and bone pixels are not severely affected by the high-density artefacts and (b) the high-density artefacts can be located in specific projection channels in the profile domain, although they are spread out in the image domain. This suppression method solves the problem of CT image artefacts arising from metal objects in the body. It has the potential to greatly improve diagnostic CT imaging in the presence of these objects and treatment planning that utilizes CT for patients with metal applicators (e.g., brachytherapy for cervix cancer and prostate cryotherapy)

  8. Percutaneous Bone Biopsies: Comparison between Flat-Panel Cone-Beam CT and CT-Scan Guidance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PurposeThis study was designed to compare the accuracy of targeting and the radiation dose of bone biopsies performed either under fluoroscopic guidance using a cone-beam CT with real-time 3D image fusion software (FP-CBCT-guidance) or under conventional computed tomography guidance (CT-guidance).MethodsSixty-eight consecutive patients with a bone lesion were prospectively included. The bone biopsies were scheduled under FP-CBCT-guidance or under CT-guidance according to operating room availability. Thirty-four patients underwent a bone biopsy under FP-CBCT and 34 under CT-guidance. We prospectively compared the two guidance modalities for their technical success, accuracy, puncture time, and pathological success rate. Patient and physician radiation doses also were compared.ResultsAll biopsies were technically successful, with both guidance modalities. Accuracy was significantly better using FP-CBCT-guidance (3 and 5 mm respectively: p = 0.003). There was no significant difference in puncture time (32 and 31 min respectively, p = 0.51) nor in pathological results (88 and 88 % of pathological success respectively, p = 1). Patient radiation doses were significantly lower with FP-CBCT (45 vs. 136 mSv, p < 0.0001). The percentage of operators who received a dose higher than 0.001 mSv (dosimeter detection dose threshold) was lower with FP-CBCT than CT-guidance (27 vs. 59 %, p = 0.01).ConclusionsFP-CBCT-guidance for bone biopsy is accurate and reduces patient and operator radiation doses compared with CT-guidance

  9. Percutaneous Bone Biopsies: Comparison between Flat-Panel Cone-Beam CT and CT-Scan Guidance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tselikas, Lambros, E-mail: lambros.tselikas@gmail.com; Joskin, Julien, E-mail: j.joskin@gmail.com [Gustave Roussy, Interventional Radiology Department (France); Roquet, Florian, E-mail: florianroquet@hotmail.com [Gustave Roussy, Biostatistics Department (France); Farouil, Geoffroy, E-mail: g.farouil@gmail.com [Gustave Roussy, Interventional Radiology Department (France); Dreuil, Serge, E-mail: serge.dreuil@gustaveroussy.fr [Gustave Roussy, Medical Physics Department (France); Hakimé, Antoine, E-mail: thakime@yahoo.com; Teriitehau, Christophe, E-mail: cteriitehau@me.com [Gustave Roussy, Interventional Radiology Department (France); Auperin, Anne, E-mail: anne.auperin@gustaveroussy.fr [Gustave Roussy, Biostatistics Department (France); Baere, Thierry de, E-mail: thierry.debaere@gustaveroussy.fr; Deschamps, Frederic, E-mail: frederic.deschamps@gustaveroussy.fr [Gustave Roussy, Interventional Radiology Department (France)

    2015-02-15

    PurposeThis study was designed to compare the accuracy of targeting and the radiation dose of bone biopsies performed either under fluoroscopic guidance using a cone-beam CT with real-time 3D image fusion software (FP-CBCT-guidance) or under conventional computed tomography guidance (CT-guidance).MethodsSixty-eight consecutive patients with a bone lesion were prospectively included. The bone biopsies were scheduled under FP-CBCT-guidance or under CT-guidance according to operating room availability. Thirty-four patients underwent a bone biopsy under FP-CBCT and 34 under CT-guidance. We prospectively compared the two guidance modalities for their technical success, accuracy, puncture time, and pathological success rate. Patient and physician radiation doses also were compared.ResultsAll biopsies were technically successful, with both guidance modalities. Accuracy was significantly better using FP-CBCT-guidance (3 and 5 mm respectively: p = 0.003). There was no significant difference in puncture time (32 and 31 min respectively, p = 0.51) nor in pathological results (88 and 88 % of pathological success respectively, p = 1). Patient radiation doses were significantly lower with FP-CBCT (45 vs. 136 mSv, p < 0.0001). The percentage of operators who received a dose higher than 0.001 mSv (dosimeter detection dose threshold) was lower with FP-CBCT than CT-guidance (27 vs. 59 %, p = 0.01).ConclusionsFP-CBCT-guidance for bone biopsy is accurate and reduces patient and operator radiation doses compared with CT-guidance.

  10. CT and MRI findings of a spinal arachnoid cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 39-year-old woman developed progressive difficulty in walking and urination over one year and 9 months. Her past history included a hystero-oophorectomy because of ''infection;'' the operation had been done under lumbar anesthesia. At the time of admission to our hospital, her legs were markedly spastic, with increased knee and ankle jerks as well as bilateral Babinski signs. Sensation to pain was slightly decreased bilaterally at and below Th4. Myelography through a suboccipital tap and CT myelography demonstrated a block of the CSF space at Th6. The spinal cord was displaced and became thin at and below Th1, secondary to an enlarged CSF space. Horizontal MRI demonstrated similar findings; however, sagittal MRI showed that the cord had been displaced and had collapsed; in addition, an abnormally enlarged CSF space indicated a subdural arachnoid cyst. MRI has thus been shown to be a very useful tool in the diagnosis of a spinal arachnoid cyst as well as other spinal-cord diseases. (author)

  11. Diagnosis of bone metastases in prostate cancer patients with SPECT/CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction: The bone metastases are the first and foremost place for metastases of about 80% of patients with prostate cancer. The diagnosis of bone metastases can be achieved by various imaging methods. They visualize different aspects of the bone tissue according to the bone density, water content, blood flow and metabolism. The bone scintigraphy is a relatively sensitive, inexpensive and low exposure method, which displays the entire skeleton in one session. Materials and Methods: The bone scintigraphy is performed with gamma camera for whole body scanning and SPECT/CT in case of lesions of uncertain nature. 99mTs -MDP (methylene diphosphonate) was used which localizes in bones through physicochemical absorption of phosphorus groups on the calcium of the hydroxyapatite. A pathologically increased focal inclusion was observed in case of overproduction (activation of osteoblasts) with increased mineral metabolism in all pathologies with osteoblastic reactions, such as primary and metastatic tumors, inflammation, fracture, degenerative changes. The absence of bone (osteoclasts activation) is visualized as a cold zone, with or without a hot edge. For multiple metastases the scintigraphic image is typical. In solitary lesions, more careful assessment and use of other imaging methods (SPECT / CT, CT, MRI) is needed in order to differentiate benign from malignant foci. Results: The hybrid image from the SPECT / CT allows precise anatomical localization of pathological foci, which in most of the cases can differentiate benign from malignant lesions. The CT image displays lytic foci, missed by the scintigraphy and improves the scintigraphic image by correction for scattered radiation. The use of low-dose CT reduces radiation exposure more than 40 %. In a retrospective study of 167 newly diagnosed patients with prostate cancer, bone metastases were detected in 20.8%. In asymptomatic patients with Glison score 5 and PSA> 15 and in all patients with T3 - 4 and

  12. Computed tomography (CT) findings in 88 neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) patients: Prevalence rates and correlations of thoracic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Various thoracic CT findings, including cysts, mediastinal masses, etc. were found. • Cysts show upper and peripheral dominant distribution. • The number, size, and distribution of the pulmonary cysts in NF-1 revealed significant correlation. • It is suspected that thoracic CT findings in NF-1 occur independently. - Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence rates and the correlations of thoracic computed tomography (CT) findings of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) in 88 patients. Materials and methods: Chest CT images of 88 NF1 patients were independently reviewed by three observers, and the CT findings were evaluated. If abnormal findings were present, their number, size, and distribution were recorded. The prevalence rate of each CT finding was calculated, and the correlations between CT findings were analyzed. Results: Of the 88 cases, 13 were positive for cysts, 16 for emphysema, 8 for nodules, 8 for GGNs (ground glass nodules), 13 for mediastinal masses, 20 for scoliosis, 44 for subcutaneous nodules, and 34 for skin nodules. Cysts showed upper and peripheral dominant distributions. Regarding 13 mediastinal masses, 2 were diagnosed as malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs), 1 was diagnosed as primary lung cancer, 2 were diagnosed as lateral meningocele, 3 were diagnosed as neurofibromas, and the remaining 7 were considered neurofibromas. There was a significant correlation between the prevalence of subcutaneous nodules and that of skin nodules. Significant positive correlations were also seen between size and number, size and rate of central distribution, and number and rate of central distribution of cysts. Conclusion: Various CT findings were found in NF-1 patients, and the prevalence rates of subcutaneous and skin nodules were higher than other findings. Though the prevalence rates of subcutaneous nodules and skin nodules were significantly correlated, the other CT findings in NF-1 occurred independently. The number, size, and

  13. Computed tomography (CT) findings in 88 neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) patients: Prevalence rates and correlations of thoracic findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ueda, Ken, E-mail: k-ueda@radiol.med.osaka-u.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan); Honda, Osamu [Department of Radiology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan); Satoh, Yukihisa [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases (Japan); Kawai, Misa; Gyobu, Tomoko; Kanazawa, Toru; Hidaka, Shojiro; Yanagawa, Masahiro [Department of Radiology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan); Sumikawa, Hiromitsu [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Osaka Rosai Hospital (Japan); Tomiyama, Noriyuki [Department of Radiology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan)

    2015-06-15

    Highlights: • Various thoracic CT findings, including cysts, mediastinal masses, etc. were found. • Cysts show upper and peripheral dominant distribution. • The number, size, and distribution of the pulmonary cysts in NF-1 revealed significant correlation. • It is suspected that thoracic CT findings in NF-1 occur independently. - Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence rates and the correlations of thoracic computed tomography (CT) findings of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) in 88 patients. Materials and methods: Chest CT images of 88 NF1 patients were independently reviewed by three observers, and the CT findings were evaluated. If abnormal findings were present, their number, size, and distribution were recorded. The prevalence rate of each CT finding was calculated, and the correlations between CT findings were analyzed. Results: Of the 88 cases, 13 were positive for cysts, 16 for emphysema, 8 for nodules, 8 for GGNs (ground glass nodules), 13 for mediastinal masses, 20 for scoliosis, 44 for subcutaneous nodules, and 34 for skin nodules. Cysts showed upper and peripheral dominant distributions. Regarding 13 mediastinal masses, 2 were diagnosed as malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs), 1 was diagnosed as primary lung cancer, 2 were diagnosed as lateral meningocele, 3 were diagnosed as neurofibromas, and the remaining 7 were considered neurofibromas. There was a significant correlation between the prevalence of subcutaneous nodules and that of skin nodules. Significant positive correlations were also seen between size and number, size and rate of central distribution, and number and rate of central distribution of cysts. Conclusion: Various CT findings were found in NF-1 patients, and the prevalence rates of subcutaneous and skin nodules were higher than other findings. Though the prevalence rates of subcutaneous nodules and skin nodules were significantly correlated, the other CT findings in NF-1 occurred independently. The number, size, and

  14. Early CT findings in acute middle cerebral artery ischemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stroke is characterized by a sudden onset of focal central neurological deficit, with symptoms lasting more than 24 hours, that can be fatal. The introduction of anti-coagulation treatments, together with continuous advances inneuroimaging techniques, have a positive impact, both on morbidity and mortality in stroke patients. It must be stressed, that 'therapeutic window' for fibrolytic treatment is up to 3 hours. The group consisted of 50 patients with clinical diagnosis of stroke, who met the following criteria: first ever, non-hemorrhagic stroke, middle cerebral artery territory involvement, first CT performed within 12 hours from the onset of symptoms, control CT, performed within 7 days, confirming signs of infarction in the distribution of middle cerebral artery. All CT were performed without contrast administration. First CT examinations were retrospectively studied for early evidence of ischemic changes, subsequently depicted as infarction in the control CT. Hyperdencemiddle cerebral artery sign (HMCAS), hypoattenuation of lentiform nucleus (ALN), loss of insular ribbon (LIR), hemispheric sulcus effacement (HES) were found as early abnormalities CT examinations continue to play a dominant role in the initial diagnosis of acute cerebral ischemia. Signs of early ischemia can be often detected within the first three hours from the onset, in the hyper acute phase. CT is used in evaluation of recent symptoms in acute phase and proper selection of patients for thrombolysis with significant therapeutic results. [author

  15. 18F-FDG PET/CT for Diagnosis of Osteosclerotic and Osteolytic Vertebral Metastatic Lesions: Comparison with Bone Scintigraphy

    OpenAIRE

    Uchida, Kenzo; Nakajima, Hideaki; Miyazaki, Tsuyoshi; Tsuchida, Tatsuro; Hirai, Takayuki; Sugita, Daisuke; Watanabe, Shuji; Takeura, Naoto; Yoshida, Ai; Okazawa, Hidehiko; Baba, Hisatoshi

    2013-01-01

    Study Design A retrospective study. Purpose The aims of this study were to investigate the diagnostic value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in PET/computed tomography (CT) in the evaluation of spinal metastatic lesions. Overview of Literature Recent studies described limitations regarding how many lesions with abnormal 18F-FDG PET findings in the bone show corresponding morphologic abnormalities. Methods The subjects for this retrospective study were 227 pat...

  16. Three-Phase 99mTc MDP Bone Scintigraphy and SPECT-CT in Sinus Tarsi Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usmani, Sharjeel; Abu Al Huda, Fawaz; Al Kandari, Farida

    2016-04-01

    Sinus tarsi syndrome is a pain in the lateral side of the hind foot that is responsive to injection of local anesthetic agents. We report a case of a 42-year-old man who presented with pain over the lateral aspect of the right foot. Laboratory investigations and x-ray were normal. Bone scintigraphy showed hyperemia and increase tracer uptake in right hind foot. SPECT-CT localizes this uptake at the inferior aspect of the talus and superior aspects of the calcaneus. Diagnosis of sinus tarsi syndrome was made on the basis of history, clinical examination, and bone scintigraphy findings. Local conservative therapy was initiated. PMID:26673237

  17. PET/CT-guided biopsies of metabolically active bone lesions: applications and clinical impact

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klaeser, Bernd; Wartenberg, Jan; Weitzel, Thilo; Krause, Thomas [Bern University Hospital and University of Bern, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland); Wiskirchen, Jakub [Bern University Hospital and University of Bern, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland); University Hospital Tuebingen, Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology, and Nuclear Medicine, Tuebingen (Germany); Schmid, Ralph A. [Bern University Hospital and University of Bern, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland); Mueller, Michel D. [Bern University Hospital and University of Bern, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland)

    2010-11-15

    In a minority of cases a definite diagnosis and stage grouping in cancer patients is not possible based on the imaging information of PET/CT. We report our experience with percutaneous PET/CT-guided bone biopsies to histologically verify the aetiology of hypermetabolic bone lesions. We retrospectively reviewed the data of 20 consecutive patients who underwent multimodal image-guided bone biopsies using a dedicated PET/CT system in a step-by-step technique. Technical and clinical success rates of PET/CT-guided biopsies were evaluated. Questionnaires were sent to the referring physicians to assess the impact of biopsies on patient management and to check the clinical need for PET/CT-guided biopsies. Clinical indications for biopsy were to histologically verify the aetiology of metabolically active bone lesions without a morphological correlate confirming the suspicion of metastases in 15 patients, to determine the origin of suspected metastases in 3 patients and to evaluate the appropriateness of targeted therapy options in 2 patients. Biopsies were technically successful in all patients. In 19 of 20 patients a definite histological diagnosis was possible. No complications or adverse effects occurred. The result of PET/CT-guided bone biopsies determined a change of the planned treatment in overall 56% of patients, with intramodality changes, e.g. chemotherapy with palliative instead of curative intent, and intermodality changes, e.g. systemic therapy instead of surgery, in 22 and 50%, respectively. PET/CT-guided bone biopsies are a promising alternative to conventional techniques to make metabolically active bone lesions - especially without a distinctive morphological correlate - accessible for histological verification. PET/CT-guided biopsies had a major clinical impact in patients who otherwise cannot be reliably stage grouped at the time of treatment decisions. (orig.)

  18. CT diagnosis and clinical findings of subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: A study of the pathology, clinical characteristics and major CT manifestations, in order to obtain a better understanding of the SAE. Methods: In total 94 cases of SAE were enrolled in the study in Jun-an hospital, included 58 males and 36 females, aged from 62-92 years (averagely 77 years). The clinical presentations of SAE included hyper- tension, diabetics, arteriosclerotisc eyeground, and stupor, characterized by progressive decline of intellectual function, different-level of paralysis, aphasia, swirl, dazzle, naupathia, extremity numbness. Results: A predominance was found in the patients aged more than 60 years. CT scan showed symmetrical hypodense shadows with poorly-defined border, complicated with the sign of lacunar infarction, cerebral atrophy, parenchymal hemorrhage and/or subarachnoid hemorrhage in some cases. Conclusion: A good understanding of the clinical and CT features of subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy is valuable for CT diagnosis and differentiated diagnosis. (authors)

  19. Mesenteric vascular occlusion: Comparison of ancillary CT findings between arterial and venous occlusions and independent CT findings suggesting life-threatening events

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare the ancillary CT findings between superior mesenteric artery thromboembolism (SMAT) and superior mesenteric vein thrombosis (SMVT), and to determine the independent CT findings of life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Our study was approved by the institution review board. We included 43 patients (21 SMAT and 22 SMVT between 1999 and 2008) of their median age of 60.0 years, and retrospectively analyzed their CT scans. Medical records were reviewed for demographics, management, surgical pathology diagnosis, and outcome. We compared CT findings between SMAT and SMVT groups. Multivariate analysis was conducted to determine the independent CT findings of life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Of 43 patients, 24 had life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. Death related to mesenteric occlusion was 32.6%. A thick bowel wall (p < 0.001), mesenteric edema (p < 0.001), and ascites (p = 0.009) were more frequently associated with SMVT, whereas diminished bowel enhancement (p = 0.003) and paralytic ileus (p = 0.039) were more frequent in SMAT. Diminished bowel enhancement (OR = 20; p = 0.007) and paralytic ileus (OR = 16; p = 0.033) were independent findings suggesting life-threatening mesenteric occlusion. The ancillary CT findings occur with different frequencies in SMAT and SMVT. However, the independent findings indicating life-threatening mesenteric occlusion are diminished bowel wall enhancement and paralytic ileus.

  20. The relationship between skull asymmetry and CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to clarify the relationship between brain damage and skull asymmetry or supine head position preference, we classified CT findings of 330 cases with cerebral palsy or risk of motor disturbance into 6 groups according to skull shape. Those were severe (I, n = 37) and mild (II, n = 114) grades in the right occipital flatness, severe (III, n = 34) and mild (IV, n = 58) grades in the left occipital flatness, long skull with temporal flatness (V, n = 33) and symmetric round skull (control, n = 54). It was considered that the asymmetry of cortical atrophy in appearance was formed physicaly by skull asymmetry but that the asymmetric dilatation in appearance of lateral ventricle was related to the asymmetry of brain damage. The severity and the asymmetry of brain damage were tend to increase the grade of skull asymmetry. The incidence of cases with the right occipital flatness was 1.6 times more frequently than the left sided. The incidence of cases whose left (lateral) ventricle was larger than the right was 4.1 times more than the cases whose right ventricle was larger than the left. The cases with occipital flatness in the contralateral side of the larger lateral ventricle were found more than the cases with occipital flatness in the ipsilateral side of the larger ventricle, that is to say, the direction of supine head position preference during early infant was suspected to be the more severely disturbed side of body. These results suggest that the supine head position preference to the right in newborn babies and infants with scoliosis or cerebral palsy might be the result of transient or permanent asymmetric (left > right) brain dysfunction. (author)

  1. CT and MRI findings of central nervous system complications of leukemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    wall and ring enhancement. (3) Obstructive hydrocephalus was found in 1 case, manifesting dilation of ventricles above the aquaeductus mesencephali. (4) Meningopathy was found in 1 case, manifesting diffuse thickening of meninges with strong homogeneous enhancement on MRI. Pathological changes of spinal canal was found in 4 cases among which two showed para-spinal mass involving vertebral canal and causing bone destruction of adjacent ribs, one case showed fusiform mass posterior to vertebral canal with high and intermediate signal on T1WI and low and iso-signal on T2WI without enhancement; one showed zonale leison in thoracic cord with high signal on T2WI and fluid attenuated inversion recovery. Conclusion: The radiologic manifestations of adult CNSCL are various and the role of CT and MRI for the diagnosis of CNSCL may complement each other. SWI is suggested as routine examination for patients of leukemia, in whom intracerebral lesions were suspected in order to find micro-haemorrhage as early as possible and reduce the risk of intracerebral hematoma occurrence. (authors)

  2. FDG PET/CT dataset for navigation on femoral bone: a feasibility study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Militz, Matthias; Uhde, Jörg; Christian, Georg; Linke, Rainer; Morgenstern, Mario; Hungerer, Sven

    2015-12-01

    FDG PET/CT has become a valuable tool in the diagnosis of the activity of chronic osteomyelitis. The surgical strategy in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis is the identification of the bone focus and radical debridement of sequesters. The aim of the current study was the registration and use of the FDG PET/CT imaging datasets on a navigation system to provide diagnostic imaging based feedback during surgical procedures. For the present study, FDG PET/CT scans were acquired from artificial bones and cadaver bones with a local focus of activity. The DICOM data sets were merged using a navigation system. The referenced regions of interest were matched with fluoroscopic pictures to register the PET/CT DICOM datasets to the bone and direct visual control. Navigated targeting led to accurate results when verified with fluoroscopic images by targeting previously inserted reference points in artificial and cadaver bone. FDG PET/CT datasets are suitable for navigation and compatible with conventional planning and navigation software. The combination of diagnostic FDG PET/CT imaging with surgical navigation techniques could be a valuable tool for the accurate treatment of chronic osteomyelitis. PMID:26035105

  3. CT and Positron Emission Tomography/CT Findings of Mediastinal Extraskeletal Ewing's Sarcoma with Extensive Distant Metastasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma (EES) is a rare aggressive malignant tumor, usually occurring in the chest wall of children and young adults. Although EES shows aggressive growth pattern, it seldom demonstrates distant metastasis at diagnosis. Herein, we present computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET/CT) findings of EES in anterior mediastinum in a 68-year-old man, showing multi-organ distant metastasis at diagnosis. It is another atypical case with unusual presentation in point of old age, mediastinal location and distant metastasis at diagnosis, showing PET/CT findings.

  4. Monte Carlo simulation of red bone marrow dose from CT examination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the methods of calculating red bone marrow dose from CT scan, simulating red bone marrow do ses from different CT scan protocols using different energy can provide the basic dose data for patient radiation protection. Method: Monte Carlo software MCNPX and RPI voxel phantom were used for the simulation, by mass absorption coefficient (MEAC) method, energy including 80 kV, 100 kV, 120 kV and 140 kV of the CT device were simulated, and different CT protocols such as chest scan, abdomen scan and body scan were taken into consideration when simulating the red bone marrow dose (mGy/100 mAs). Results: Under the same other conditions, the larger beam energy caused larger red bone marrow dose, the results of 140 kV was two times larger than that of 80 kV for the same protocol; while under the same beam energy, the difference among different protocol was less than 10%. Conclusion: Under the same conditions, the red bone marrow dose from CT scan depends on beam energy (tube voltage) and total effective mAs; if the total effective mAs was constant, the influence of scan protocol to red bone marrow dose was not much. (authors)

  5. Compression of the posterior fossa venous sinuses by epidural hemorrhage simulating venous sinus thrombosis: CT and MR findings

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    Singh, Sumit; Ramakrishnaiah, Raghu H.; Hegde, Shilpa V.; Glasier, Charles M. [University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Pediatric Radiology, Little Rock, AR (United States)

    2016-01-15

    Posterior fossa dural venous sinus thrombus is a well-described complication of head trauma, especially when fracture crosses the dural sinus grooves or in association with epidural hemorrhage. We have found that post-traumatic posterior fossa epidural hematoma compressing a dural venous sinus can mimic dural venous thrombus. To discuss the CT and MRI findings of posterior fossa epidural hemorrhages simulating sinus thrombosis, to make radiologists aware of this important imaging pitfall. We describe radiologic findings in four children in whom a posterior fossa epidural hemorrhage mimicked dural venous sinus thrombus. Routine CT head and CT venography were obtained on Toshiba volume and helical CT scanners. MRI and MR venography were performed on a Philips scanner. In all cases there was medial displacement and compression of the posterior fossa dural venous sinuses without intraluminal thrombosis. The epidural hemorrhage was seen tracking along sinus grooves in the occipital bone, peeling the dura containing the sinuses from the calvarium and compressing the sinus, simulating thrombosis on axial CT views. Both venous sinus thrombosis and posterior fossa epidural hemorrhages in children are well-described complications of head trauma. Posterior fossa epidural hemorrhage can mimic a sinus thrombus by compressing and displacing the sinuses. It is important to recognize this pitfall because treatment of a suspected thrombus with anticoagulation can worsen epidural hemorrhage. (orig.)

  6. Compression of the posterior fossa venous sinuses by epidural hemorrhage simulating venous sinus thrombosis: CT and MR findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Posterior fossa dural venous sinus thrombus is a well-described complication of head trauma, especially when fracture crosses the dural sinus grooves or in association with epidural hemorrhage. We have found that post-traumatic posterior fossa epidural hematoma compressing a dural venous sinus can mimic dural venous thrombus. To discuss the CT and MRI findings of posterior fossa epidural hemorrhages simulating sinus thrombosis, to make radiologists aware of this important imaging pitfall. We describe radiologic findings in four children in whom a posterior fossa epidural hemorrhage mimicked dural venous sinus thrombus. Routine CT head and CT venography were obtained on Toshiba volume and helical CT scanners. MRI and MR venography were performed on a Philips scanner. In all cases there was medial displacement and compression of the posterior fossa dural venous sinuses without intraluminal thrombosis. The epidural hemorrhage was seen tracking along sinus grooves in the occipital bone, peeling the dura containing the sinuses from the calvarium and compressing the sinus, simulating thrombosis on axial CT views. Both venous sinus thrombosis and posterior fossa epidural hemorrhages in children are well-described complications of head trauma. Posterior fossa epidural hemorrhage can mimic a sinus thrombus by compressing and displacing the sinuses. It is important to recognize this pitfall because treatment of a suspected thrombus with anticoagulation can worsen epidural hemorrhage. (orig.)

  7. Inner ear anomalies causing congenital sensorineural hearing loss: CT and MR imaging findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many congenital dysplasias of the osseous labyrinth have been identified, and the differential diagnosis of these dysplasias is essential for delivering proper patient management. We retrospectively reviewed the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of 20 children who had congenital sensorineural hearing loss. The children included cases of enlarged vestibular aqueduct and endolymphatic sac (n=8), aplasia of the semicircular canal (n=4), lateral semicircular canal-vestibule dysplasia (n=3), common cavity malformations with a large vestibule (n=1), cochlear hypoplasia (n=1), Mondini's dysplasia with large vestibular aqueduct (n=1), Mondini's dysplasia with a large vestibule (n=1), and small internal auditory canal (n=1). Six cases were unilateral. Nine cases had combined deformities, and nine cased had cochlear implants. CT was performed with a 1.0-mm thickness in the direct coronal and axial sections with using bone algorithms. MR was performed with a temporal 3D T2 FSE 10-mm scan and with routine brain images. We describe here the imaging features for the anomalies of the inner ear in patients suffering from congenital sensorineural hearing loss

  8. 'One-stop-shop' staging: Should we prefer FDG-PET/CT or MRI for the detection of bone metastases?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of fully diagnostic, contrast-enhanced whole-body FDG-PET/CT and whole-body MRI for detection of bone metastases in patients suffering from newly diagnosed non-small cell lung cancer and malignant melanoma. Material and Methods: 109 consecutive non-small cell lung cancer (n = 54) and malignant melanoma (n = 55) patients underwent whole-body FDG-PET/CT and whole-body MRI for initial tumor staging. All images were evaluated by four experienced physicians (three radiologists, one nuclear medicine physician). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy for detection of bone metastases were determined for both modalities. Statistically significant differences between FDG-PET/CT and MRI were calculated with Fisher's Exact test (p < 0.05). Clinical and imaging follow-up data with a mean follow-up time of 434 days served as the reference standard. Results: According to the reference standard 11 patients (10%) suffered from bone metastases. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy for the detection of osseous metastases was 45%, 99%, 83%, 94%, and 94% with whole-body FDG-PET/CT and 64%, 94%, 54%, 96%, and 91% with whole-body MRI. The difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.6147). Conclusions: FDG-PET/CT and MRI seem to be equally suitable for the detection of skeletal metastases in patients suffering from newly diagnosed non-small cell lung cancer and malignant melanoma. Both modalities go along with a substantial rate of false-negative findings requiring a close follow-up of patients who are staged free of bone metastases at initial staging.

  9. Normal SUV values measured from NaF18- PET/CT bone scan studies.

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    Aung Zaw Win

    Full Text Available Cancer and metabolic bone diseases can alter the SUV. SUV values have never been measured from healthy skeletons in NaF18-PET/CT bone scans. The primary aim of this study was to measure the SUV values from normal skeletons in NaF18-PET/CT bone scans.A retrospective study was carried out involving NaF18- PET/CT bone scans that were done at our institution between January 2010 to May 2012. Our excluding criteria was patients with abnormal real function and patients with past history of cancer and metabolic bone diseases including but not limited to osteoporosis, osteopenia and Paget's disease. Eleven studies met all the criteria.The average normal SUVmax values from 11 patients were: cervical vertebrae 6.84 (range 4.38-8.64, thoracic vertebrae 7.36 (range 6.99-7.66, lumbar vertebrae 7.27 (range 7.04-7.72, femoral head 2.22 (range 1.1-4.3, humeral head 1.82 (range 1.2-2.9, mid sternum 5.51 (range 2.6-8.1, parietal bone 1.71 (range 1.3-2.4.According to our study, various skeletal sites have different normal SUV values. SUV values can be different between the normal bones and bones with tumor or metabolic bone disease. SUV can be used to quantify NaF-18 PET/CT studies. If the SUV values of the normal skeleton are known, they can be used in the characterization of bone lesions and in the assessment of treatment response to bone diseases.

  10. The relationship between serial CT findings and clinical course of purulent meningitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We reviewed the CT examinations and clinical records of 31 patients of purulent meningitis to evaluate the relation of CT findings to pathogenic bacteria and clinical course. The most frequently observed abnormal CT finding was an enlargement of the subarachnoid space and ventricles. There was no relationship between those abnormal CT findings and pathogenic bacteria. Enlargement of ventricles, low density area of the white matter and subdural effusion suggested the necessity of the surgical treatment or poor prognosis. The patients with convulsion or re-elevation of CRP had a tendency to show an exacerbation of such abnormalities. On the contrary, abnormal CT findings improved in the patients without convulsion or with decrease of CRP. We conclude that a follow-up CT examination is indicated in cases developing convulsion or re-elevation of CRP. (author)

  11. CT findings suggesting anastomotic leak and predicting the recovery period following gastric surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess diagnostic performance of routine CT for detecting anastomotic leak after gastric surgery, and analyse the relationship between recovery period and CT findings. We included 179 patients who underwent immediate CT and fluoroscopy after gastric surgery. Two reviewers retrospectively rated the possibility of leak on CT using a five-point scale focused on predefined CT findings. They also evaluated CT findings. Patients were categorised as: Group I, leak on fluoroscopy; Group II, possible leak on CT but negative on fluoroscopy; Group III, no leak. We analysed the relationship between recovery period and group. Area under the curve for detecting leak on CT was 0.886 in R1 and 0.668 in R2 with moderate agreement (k = 0.482). Statistically common CT findings for leak included discontinuity, large amount of air-fluid and wall thickening at anastomosis site (p < 0.05). Discontinuity at anastomosis site and a large air-fluid collection were independently associated with leak (p < 0.05). The recovery period including hospitalisation and postoperative fasting period was longer in Group I than Group II or III (p < 0.05). Group II showed a longer recovery period than Group III (p < 0.05). Postoperative routine CT was useful for predicting anastomotic leak using specific findings, and for predicting length of recovery period. (orig.)

  12. CT findings suggesting anastomotic leak and predicting the recovery period following gastric surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Tae Ho; Kim, Jung Hoon; Shin, Cheong-Il; Kim, Se Hyung; Han, Joon Koo; Choi, Byung Ihn [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Jongno-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-07-15

    To assess diagnostic performance of routine CT for detecting anastomotic leak after gastric surgery, and analyse the relationship between recovery period and CT findings. We included 179 patients who underwent immediate CT and fluoroscopy after gastric surgery. Two reviewers retrospectively rated the possibility of leak on CT using a five-point scale focused on predefined CT findings. They also evaluated CT findings. Patients were categorised as: Group I, leak on fluoroscopy; Group II, possible leak on CT but negative on fluoroscopy; Group III, no leak. We analysed the relationship between recovery period and group. Area under the curve for detecting leak on CT was 0.886 in R1 and 0.668 in R2 with moderate agreement (k = 0.482). Statistically common CT findings for leak included discontinuity, large amount of air-fluid and wall thickening at anastomosis site (p < 0.05). Discontinuity at anastomosis site and a large air-fluid collection were independently associated with leak (p < 0.05). The recovery period including hospitalisation and postoperative fasting period was longer in Group I than Group II or III (p < 0.05). Group II showed a longer recovery period than Group III (p < 0.05). Postoperative routine CT was useful for predicting anastomotic leak using specific findings, and for predicting length of recovery period. (orig.)

  13. A female pelvic bone shape model for air/bone separation in support of synthetic CT generation for radiation therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lianli; Cao, Yue; Fessler, Jeffrey A.; Jolly, Shruti; Balter, James M.

    2016-01-01

    Separating bone from air in MR data is one of the major challenges in using MR images to derive synthetic CT. The problem is further complicated when the anatomic regions filled with air are altered across scans due to air mobility, for instance, in pelvic regions, thereby the air regions estimated using an ultrashort echo time (UTE) sequence are invalid in other image series acquired for multispectral classification. This study aims to develop and investigate a female pelvic bone shape model to identify low intensity regions in MRI where air is unlikely to be present in support of synthetic CT generation without UTE imaging. CT scans of 30 patients were collected for the study, 17 of them also have corresponding MR scans. The shape model was built from the CT dataset, where the reference image was aligned to each of the training images using B-spline deformable registration. Principal component analysis was performed on B-spline coefficients for a compact model where shape variance was described by linear combination of principal modes. The model was applied to identify pelvic bone in MR images by deforming the corresponding MR data of the reference image to target MR images, where the search space of the deformation process was constrained within the subspace spanned by principal modes. The local minima in the search space were removed effectively by the shape model, thus supporting an efficient binary search for the optimal solution. We evaluated the model by its efficacy in identifying bone voxels and excluding air regions. The model was tested across the 17 patients that have corresponding MR scans using a leave-one-out cross validation. A simple model using the first leading principal mode only was found to achieve r