WorldWideScience

Sample records for bona fides criteria

  1. Fiat or Bona Fide Boundary—A Matter of Granular Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Lars; Grobe, Peter; Quast, Björn; Bartolomaeus, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Background Distinguishing bona fide (i.e. natural) and fiat (i.e. artificial) physical boundaries plays a key role for distinguishing natural from artificial material entities and is thus relevant to any scientific formal foundational top-level ontology, as for instance the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO). In BFO, the distinction is essential for demarcating two foundational categories of material entity: object and fiat object part. The commonly used basis for demarcating bona fide from fiat boundary refers to two criteria: (i) intrinsic qualities of the boundary bearers (i.e. spatial/physical discontinuity, qualitative heterogeneity) and (ii) mind-independent existence of the boundary. The resulting distinction of bona fide and fiat boundaries is considered to be categorial and exhaustive. Methodology/Principal Findings By referring to various examples from biology, we demonstrate that the hitherto used distinction of boundaries is not categorial: (i) spatial/physical discontinuity is a matter of scale and the differentiation of bona fide and fiat boundaries is thus granularity-dependent, and (ii) this differentiation is not absolute, but comes in degrees. By reducing the demarcation criteria to mind-independence and by also considering dispositions and historical relations of the bearers of boundaries, instead of only considering their spatio-structural properties, we demonstrate with various examples that spatio-structurally fiat boundaries can nevertheless be mind-independent and in this sense bona fide. Conclusions/Significance We argue that the ontological status of a given boundary is perspective-dependent and that the strictly spatio-structural demarcation criteria follow a static perspective that is ignorant of causality and the dynamics of reality. Based on a distinction of several ontologically independent perspectives, we suggest different types of boundaries and corresponding material entities, including boundaries based on function (locomotion

  2. 29 CFR 1604.2 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification. 1604.2... GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.2 Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification. (a) The commission believes that the bona fide occupational qualification exception as to sex should be...

  3. 17 CFR 270.10e-1 - Death, disqualification, or bona fide resignation of directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... bona fide resignation of directors. 270.10e-1 Section 270.10e-1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges....10e-1 Death, disqualification, or bona fide resignation of directors. If a registered investment company, by reason of the death, disqualification, or bona fide resignation of any director, does not...

  4. DMPD: NOD-like receptors (NLRs): bona fide intracellular microbial sensors. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 18585455 NOD-like receptors (NLRs): bona fide intracellular microbial sensors. Shaw...tml) (.csml) Show NOD-like receptors (NLRs): bona fide intracellular microbial sensors. PubmedID 18585455 Ti...tle NOD-like receptors (NLRs): bona fide intracellular microbial sensors. Authors

  5. 7 CFR 15a.61 - Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification. 15a.61... RECEIVING OR BENEFITTING FROM FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs and Activities Prohibited § 15a.61 Sex as a bona-fide...

  6. 78 FR 9330 - Revision of Regulations Defining Bona Fide Cotton Spot Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... Federal Register on August 4, 1988 (53 FR 29327). For each of these bona fide spot markets, the Cotton and...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 27 RIN 0581-AD26 Revision of Regulations Defining Bona Fide Cotton Spot Markets AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Proposed...

  7. Oportere ex fide bona. Una construcción decisiva de la jurisprudencia romana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Humberto Facco

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Verificada la secularización de la antigua fides, asistimos al surgimiento de una construcción cuya valencia técnica parece concretarse en el específico ámbito del proceso. La fides resulta adjetivada con el calificativo de bona. A partir de entonces el sintagma bona fides significará una característica procesal, una cualidad de ciertas acciones que en la intentio de su fórmula se estructuraban en base al oportere ex fide bona. El núcleo de estas acciones estaba representado por los contratos sinalagmáticos, cuya fuerza obligatoria se fundaba en el consentimiento y pertenecían a la órbita del comercio internacional (ius gentium. Con todo, al margen de su aplicación pretoriana, la cláusula quidquid dare facere oportet ex fide bona fue una elaboración eminentemente jurisprudencial, producto del ingenio de los juristas romanos. Fueron ellos quienes idearon buena parte de las soluciones sobre cuestiones ligadas a la eficacia de los contratos consensuales que todavía hoy se consideran emanaciones de la buena fe-lealtad. Recuperar la trascendencia del rol de los juristas en la tarea de hacer que el derecho sea adherente a la realidad constituye la principal invitación que nace de este escrito.

  8. Oportere ex fide bona. Una construcción decisiva de la jurisprudencia romana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Humberto Facco

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Verificada la secularización de la antigua fides, asistimos al surgimiento de una construcción cuya valencia técnica parece concretarse en el específico ámbito del proceso. La fides resulta adjetivada con el calificativo de bona. A partir de entonces el sintagma bona fides significará una característica procesal, una cualidad de ciertas acciones que en la intentio de su fórmula se estructuraban en base al oportere ex fide bona. El núcleo de estas acciones estaba representado por los contratos sinalagmáticos, cuya fuerza obligatoria se fundaba en el consentimiento y pertenecían a la órbita del comercio internacional (ius gentium. Con todo, al margen de su aplicación pretoriana, la cláusula quidquid dare facere oportet ex fide bona fue una elaboración eminentemente jurisprudencial, producto del ingenio de los juristas romanos. Fueron ellos quienes idearon buena parte de las soluciones sobre cuestiones ligadas a la eficacia de los contratos consensuales que todavía hoy se consideran emanaciones de la buena fe-lealtad. Recuperar la trascendencia del rol de los juristas en la tarea de hacer que el derecho sea adherente a la realidad constituye la principal invitación que nace de este escrito.

  9. 32 CFR 196.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification... DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment...

  10. 13 CFR 113.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational... ADMINISTRATOR Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Sex in Education Programs or Activities Receiving Federal Financial Assistance Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs Or...

  11. 45 CFR 618.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification. 618... FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

  12. 38 CFR 23.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide... VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in...

  13. 15 CFR 8a.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational... NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 8a.550 Sex as...

  14. Bona Fide Seniority Systems and Relief from "Last Hired, First Fired" Layoffs Under Title VII

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiegelman, Paul J.

    1976-01-01

    The history of the exemption for bona fide seniority systems under Title VII is explored briefly. It is suggested that the courts can provide protection for incumbent workers potentially disadvantaged, which may mean substantial monetary liability for employers using "last hired, first fired" layoff systems. (Author/LBH)

  15. Age Discrimination by Local Governmental Entities--The Defense of a Bona Fide Occupational Qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hujar, Frances B.

    1979-01-01

    The bona fide occupational qualification defense is interpreted narrowly and is most likely to be applied in job situations that involve the safety of others. Available from Baylor Law Review, B.U. Station, Box 6262, Waco, TX 76706. (Author/IRT)

  16. 45 CFR 86.61 - Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification. 86... NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.61 Sex as...

  17. 31 CFR 28.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational... NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 28.550 Sex as...

  18. 10 CFR 5.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification. 5.550 Section 5.550 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex...

  19. 44 CFR 19.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sex as a bona fide... MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex...

  20. 24 CFR 3.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational... and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in...

  1. 40 CFR 5.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational... NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.550 Sex as...

  2. 49 CFR 25.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification. 25... BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 25.550 Sex as...

  3. 6 CFR 17.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification... NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 17.550 Sex as...

  4. 28 CFR 54.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational... ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 54.550 Sex as...

  5. 43 CFR 41.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational... NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 41.550 Sex as...

  6. 29 CFR 36.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification. 36.550 Section 36.550 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex...

  7. 34 CFR 106.61 - Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification. 106.61..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs...

  8. Law and culture: a theory of comparative variation in bona fide purchase rules

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Dari-Mattiacci; C. Guerriero

    2015-01-01

    A key question in comparative law is why different legal systems provide different legal solutions for the same problem. To answer this question, we use novel comparative evidence on how the conflict between the dispossessed original owner and the bona fide purchaser of a stolen good is resolved in

  9. 78 FR 25181 - Revision of Regulations Defining Bona Fide Cotton Spot Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-30

    ... Federal Register on August 4, 1988 (53 FR 29327). For each of these bona fide spot markets, the Cotton and... (78 FR 9330). No comments on the proposed regulatory amendments were received by AMS. The proposed... / Tuesday, April 30, 2013 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural...

  10. Humor og ironi i tværsproglige og tværkulturelle møder. Bona-fide, ikke-bona-fide og bona-fide-cum-humor i dansk og fransk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lita Lundquist

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Artiklen tager udgangspunkt i en empirisk undersøgelse af hvordan danskere og franskmænd anvender og reagerer på humor og ironi i professionelle sammenhænge. Humor er i sig selv et mangefacetteret fænomen der er beskrevet i flere sproglige og ikke sproglige discipliner, men når humor studeres som et tværsprogligt og tværkulturelt fænomen, inddrages endnu flere aspekter der kalder på andre former for belysning. Humor betragtes her først som en ikke-bona-fide sproghandling der for at være vellykket via sin semantiske og pragmatiske dobbelt(tydighed skal tolkes som en bona-fide-cum-humor sproghandling. Danskeres udbredte anvendelse af humor og (selvironi, også i faglige sammenhænge, i modsætning til franskmænds præference for ordspil, forklares sprogligt via særegenheder i det danske overfor det franske sprog, og kulturantropologisk og sociologisk via forskelle i civilisationsprocesser og ledelsesstrukturer i de to kulturer. Artiklen er således et forsøg på at slå bro mellem komparativ sprogforskning og sammenlignende lande- og kulturstudier.

  11. Definition of Bona Fide of Bona Fide Acquisition of Immovable Property from the Perspective of Law Application%法律适用视角下不动产善意取得之善意认定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜梅林

    2012-01-01

    The center component of bona fide acquisition of immovable property, or bona fide component is not defined in the Property Law of our country, which brought difficulty and bifurcation in application of law. In order to facilitate application of law and distinguish bona fide of bona fide acquisition of movable property, the definition of bona fide component of bona fide acquisition of immovable property should embody objectivity, presumption and singleness. The prof standard of the eliminate circumstances of bona fide should be clarified further in order to realize the unification of application of law. Grossly negligent fault should be included in the eliminating circumstances of bona fide because of fair and economics cost analysis. The definition time of bona fide is the time that immovable property has registered based on the application of explanation method theory.%《物权法》中欠缺对不动产善意取得之核心要件即善意要件的界定,由此产生法律适用的难点和分歧点。从有利法律适用及有效区分动产善意取得之善意的角度考虑,不动产善意取得之善意的认定标准应体现客观性、推定性和单一性;为实现法律适用的统一性,善意的排除情形及其证明标准应进一步予以明晰;基于法理公平考量和经济成本分析,善意的排除情形中应纳入"因重大过失而不知转让人无让与之处分权";借助解释方法论,善意的认定时点确定为登记完毕时较为合理。

  12. Direct Reading of Bona Fide Barcode Assays for Diagnostics with Smartphone Apps

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Jessica X. H.; Li, Xiaochun; Liu, Frank S. F.; Yu, Hua-Zhong

    2015-01-01

    The desire to develop new point-of-care (POC) diagnostic tools has led to the adaptation of smartphones to tackle limitations in state-of-the-art instrumentation and centralized laboratory facilities. Today’s smartphones possess the computer-like ability to image and process data using mobile apps; barcode scanners are one such type of apps. We demonstrate herein that a diagnostic assay can be performed by patterning immunoassay strips in a bona fide barcode format such that after target bind...

  13. An Evaluation of the Effects of "Bona Fide" Homogeneous Grouping on the Achievement of Elementary School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesh, Anita S.; Jaeger, Richard M.

    The effects of "bona fide" homogeneous grouping of students in grades 4 through 8 in a southeastern school system on the students' subsequent academic achievement were studied. These effects were studied for black students as well as for all students regardless of race, across 2 years. The student population was composed of over 4,800 fourth-…

  14. Discovery of a new Galactic bona fide luminous blue variable with Spitzer

    CERN Document Server

    Gvaramadze, V V; Berdnikov, L N; Langer, N; Grebel, E K; Bestenlehner, J M

    2014-01-01

    We report the discovery of a circular mid-infrared shell around the emission-line star Wray 16-137 using archival data of the Spitzer Space Telescope. Follow-up optical spectroscopy of Wray 16-137 with the Southern African Large Telescope revealed a rich emission spectrum typical of the classical luminous blue variables (LBVs) like P Cygni. Subsequent spectroscopic and photometric observations showed drastic changes in the spectrum and brightness during the last three years, meaning that Wray 16-137 currently undergoes an S Dor-like outburst. Namely, we found that the star has brightened by \\approx 1 mag in the V and I_c bands, while its spectrum became dominated by Fe ii lines. Taken together, our observations unambiguously show that Wray 16-137 is a new member of the family of Galactic bona fide LBVs.

  15. "善良家父"与"诚实信用"%a good paterfamilias and bona fides

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    炎白

    2001-01-01

    @@ 诚实信用是产生于道德观念的一个法律原则,最早可溯源于罗马法上的一个重要概念--"善良家父".坦白地讲,我虽然讲习罗马法多年,也知道"善良家父"的"善"或"善意"(bona fides)与诚实信用原则的关联,但在很长一段时间里,并未能有意识将自己的言行,或是将一个普通人的言行与"善良家父"的观念联系起来.

  16. WS1: one more new Galactic bona fide luminous blue variable

    CERN Document Server

    Kniazev, A Y; Berdnikov, L N

    2015-01-01

    In this Letter, we report the results of spectroscopic and photometric monitoring of the candidate luminous blue variable (LBV) WS1, which was discovered in 2011 through the detection of a mid-infrared circular shell and follow-up optical spectroscopy of its central star. Our monitoring showed that WS1 brightened in the B, V and I bands by more than 1 mag during the last three years, while its spectrum revealed dramatic changes during the same time period, indicating that the star became much cooler. The light curve of WS1 demonstrates that the brightness of this star has reached maximum in 2013 December and then starts to decline. These findings unambiguously proved the LBV nature of WS1 and added one more member to the class of Galactic bona fide LBVs, bringing their number to sixteen (an updated census of these objects is provided).

  17. Pithovirus sibericum, a new bona fide member of the “Fourth TRUC” club

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Vikas; Colson, Philippe; Chabrol, Olivier; Pontarotti, Pierre; Raoult, Didier

    2015-01-01

    Nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses, or representatives of the proposed order Megavirales, include giant viruses of Acanthamoeba that were discovered over the last 12 years and are bona fide microbes. Phylogenies based on a few genes conserved amongst these megaviruses and shared by microbes classified as Eukarya, Bacteria, and Archaea, allowed for delineation of a fourth monophylogenetic group or “TRUC” (Things Resisting Uncompleted Classification) composed of the Megavirales representatives. A new Megavirales member named Pithovirus sibericum was isolated from a >30,000-year-old dated Siberian permafrost sample. This virion is as large as recently described pandoraviruses but has a genome that is approximately three to four times shorter. Our objective was to update the classification of P. sibericum as a new member of the “Fourth TRUC” club. Phylogenetic trees were constructed based on four conserved ancient genes and a phyletic analysis was concurrently conducted based on the presence/absence patterns of a set of informational genes from members of Megavirales, Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. Phylogenetic analyses based on the four conserved genes revealed that P. sibericum is part of the fourth TRUC composed of Megavirales members, and is closely related to the families Marseilleviridae and Ascoviridae/Iridoviridae. Additionally, hierarchical clustering delineated four branches, and showed that P. sibericum is part of this fourth TRUC. Overall, phylogenetic and phyletic analyses using informational genes clearly indicate that P. sibericum is a new bona fide member of the “Fourth TRUC” club composed of representatives of Megavirales, alongside Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. PMID:26300849

  18. PTEN and PDCD4 are Bona Fide Targets of microRNA-21 in Human Cholangiocarcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chang-zheng Liu; Wei Liu; Yi Zheng; Jin-mei Su; Jing-jing Li; Lan Yu; Xiao-dong He; Song-sen Chen

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression profile of microRNA-21 in human cholangiocarcinoma tissues and to validate its bona fide targets in human cholangiocarcinoma cells.Methods The expression profile ofmicroRNA-21 in human cholangiocarcinoma tissues and cholangiocarcinoma cell line,QBC939,was evaluated by using real-time PCR analysis.The bona fide targets of microRNA-21 were analyzed and confirmed by dual luciferase reporter gene assay and western blot,respectively.The expressional correlation of microRNA-21 and its targets was probed in human cholangiocarcinoma tissues by using real-time PCR,locked nucleic acid in situ hybridization (LNA-ISH),and immunohistochemistry analysis.Results Real-time PCR analysis revealed that microRNA-21 expression depicted a significant up-regulation in human cholangiocarcinoma tissues about 5.6-fold as compared to the matched normal bile duct tissues (P<0.05).The dual luciferase reporter gene assay revealed endogenous microRNA-21 in cholangiocarcinoma cell line,QBC939,inhibited the luciferase reporter activities of wild-type PTEN (P<0.01) and PDCD4 (P<0.05) and had no this effect on mutated PTEN and PDCD4.Moreover,loss of microRNA-21 function led to a significant increase of PTEN and PDCD4 protein levels in QBC939 cells.Elevated microRNA-21 levels were accompanied by marked reductions of PTEN and PDCD4 expression in the same cholangiocarcinoma tissue.Conclusion microRNA-21 expression is up-regulated in human cholangiocarcinoma and PTEN,PDCD4 are direct effectors of microRNA-21.

  19. Aminoacyl-tRNA-charged eukaryotic elongation factor 1A is a bona fide substrate for Legionelle pneumophila effector glucosyltransferases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tzivelekidis, Tina; Jank, Thomas; Pohl, Corinna;

    2011-01-01

    Legionella pneumophila, which is the causative organism of Legionnaires disease, translocates numerous effector proteins into the host cell cytosol by a type IV secretion system during infection. Among the most potent effector proteins of Legionella are glucosyltransferases (Lgt’s), which selecti...... the ternary complex, consisting of eEF1A, aminoacyl-tRNA and GTP, is the bona fide substrate for Lgt’s....

  20. Validity of Contract in Bona Fide Acquisition%论善意取得中合同的效力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林耕宇

    2012-01-01

    Taking hot social issues as a starting point, the problem of identification of validity of contract in bona fide acquisition is focused on. In the context of general rule of transferring property right which was stipulated in Property Law, claiming the validity of contract of bona fide acquisition would confront obstacles both in theory and practice. The argument that the contract of bona fide acquisition to be validity can only be established on the basis of the admission of juristic act to jus in rein. If the Judicial system of our country still can not adopt such a theory, it should be insisted that the contract of bona fide acquisition shall be consider to be invalid.%以社会热点问题为出发点,重点论述善意取得合同的效力认定问题。认为在我国债权形式主义的物权转移模式背景下,主张善意取得合同有效存在着理论与实践上的障碍。认定无权处分合同有效只能建立在承认物权行为理论的基础上。在我国司法实践中如果尚不能作出这种变革则应当坚持无权处分合同无效的观点,对于其在实践中可能存在的问题可以通过适当司法解释予以解决。

  1. MN48: a new Galactic bona fide luminous blue variable revealed by Spitzer and SALT

    CERN Document Server

    Kniazev, A Y; Berdnikov, L N

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we report the results of spectroscopic and photometric observations of the candidate evolved massive star MN48 disclosed via detection of a mid-infrared circular shell around it with the Spitzer Space Telescope. Follow-up optical spectroscopy of MN48 with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) carried out in 2011--2015 revealed significant changes in the spectrum of this star, which are typical of luminous blue variables (LBVs). The LBV status of MN48 was further supported by photometric monitoring which shows that in 2009--2011 this star has brightened by approx 0.9 and 1 mag in the V and I_c bands, respectively, then faded by approx 1.1 and 1.6 mag during the next four years, and apparently started to brighten again recently. The detected changes in the spectrum and brightness of MN48 make this star the 18th known Galactic bona fide LBV and increase the percentage of LBVs associated with circumstellar nebulae to more than 70 per cent. We discuss the possible birth place of MN48 and sugge...

  2. Discovery of a new bona fide luminous blue variable in Norma

    CERN Document Server

    Gvaramadze, V V; Berdnikov, L N

    2015-01-01

    We report the results of optical spectroscopy of the candidate evolved massive star MN44 revealed via detection of a circular shell with the Spitzer Space Telescope. First spectra taken in 2009 May--June showed the Balmer lines in emission as well as numerous emission lines of iron, which is typical of luminous blue variables (LBVs) near the visual maximum. New observations carried out in 2015 May--September detected significant changes in the spectrum, indicating that the star became hotter. We found that these changes are accompanied by significant brightness variability of MN44. In particular, the I_c-band brightness decreased by \\approx 1.6 mag during the last six years and after reaching its minimum in 2015 June has started to increase. Using archival data, we also found that the I_c-band brightness increased by \\approx 3 mag in \\approx 30 yr preceding our observations. MN44 therefore represents the seventeenth known example of the Galactic bona fide LBVs. We detected a nitrogen-rich knot to the northwes...

  3. Direct Reading of Bona Fide Barcode Assays for Diagnostics with Smartphone Apps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Jessica X. H.; Li, Xiaochun; Liu, Frank S. F.; Yu, Hua-Zhong

    2015-06-01

    The desire to develop new point-of-care (POC) diagnostic tools has led to the adaptation of smartphones to tackle limitations in state-of-the-art instrumentation and centralized laboratory facilities. Today’s smartphones possess the computer-like ability to image and process data using mobile apps; barcode scanners are one such type of apps. We demonstrate herein that a diagnostic assay can be performed by patterning immunoassay strips in a bona fide barcode format such that after target binding and signal enhancement, the linear barcode can be read directly with a standard smartphone app. Quantitative analysis can then be performed based on the grayscale intensities with a customized mobile app. This novel diagnostic concept has been validated for a real-world application, i.e., the detection of human chorionic gonadotropin, a pregnancy hormone. With the possibility of multiplex detection, the barcode assay protocol promises to boost POC diagnosis research by the direct adaptation of mobile devices and apps.

  4. Peaceful Uses Bona Fides: Criteria for Evaluation and Case Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ajemian, Chris K.; Hazel, Mike; Kessler, Carol E.; Mathews, Carrie E.; Morris, Fred A.; Seward, Amy M.; Peterson, Danielle J.; Smith, Brian W.

    2007-06-06

    This study applies a set of indicators to assess the peaceful nature of a state’s nuclear program. Evaluation of a country’s nuclear program relative to these indicators can help the international community to take appropriate actions to ensure that the growth of the global nuclear energy industry proceeds peacefully and to minimize nuclear proliferation risks.

  5. On Possession Reformulation and Bona Fide Acquisition%占有改定与善意取得

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑永宽

    2011-01-01

    With respect to the legal effect of Bona Fide Acquisition,there is no enough rationale for different treatments on possession reformulation or indication delivery in German law.The existing theories and arguments cannot convincingly negate the application of Bona Fide Acquisition in case of possession reformulation,such as principle of "Hand muss Hand wahren",doctrine of "the same credit granted to assigner by the owner and receiver","avoiding secret trade and cheating",or the "owner has no consciousness to the lost of his ownership or is not capable of preventing the losing of ownership".This paper holds that as long as the receiver believes that the non-authorized assigner is the owner and has finished the transaction with him,the Bona Fide Acquisition principle should be applied to,and there should be no discrimination by different ways of possession transfer.%在是否发生善意取得的法律效果上,德国法区别对待占有改定与指示交付,这并不具有充分的根据。而无论是"以手护手"原则、"所有权人与受让人给予出让人同样多的信赖"、"避免隐秘交易与舞弊行为"或"所有权人对其权利丧失无从知觉或阻止"等理由均不足以否定占有改定下适用善意取得。只要受让人基于无权出让人占有的信赖而为交易,即应肯定其善意取得所有权,不应因占有移转之方式而有差异。

  6. N,N'-Diamidocarbenes: Isolable Divalent Carbons with Bona Fide Carbene Reactivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moerdyk, Jonathan P; Schilter, David; Bielawski, Christopher W

    2016-08-16

    Since the first reported isolation of a carbene just over a quarter century ago, the study of such compounds-including stable derivatives-has flourished. Indeed, N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs), of which imidazolylidenes and their derivatives are the most pervasive subclass, feature prominently in organocatalysis, as ligands for transition metal catalysts, and as stabilizers of reactive species. However, imidazolylidenes (and many other NHCs) typically lack the reactivity characteristic of electrophilic carbenes, including insertion into unactivated C-H bonds, participation in [2 + 1] cycloadditions, and reaction with carbon monoxide. This has led to debates over whether NHCs are truly carbenic in nature or perhaps better regarded as ylides. The fundamental and synthetic utility of transformations that involve electrophilic carbenes has motivated our group and others to expand the reactivity of NHCs and other stable carbenes to encompass electrophilic carbene chemistry. These efforts have led to the development of the diamidocarbenes (DACs), a stable and unique subset of the NHCs that feature carbonyl groups inserted into the N-heterocyclic scaffold. To date, crystalline five-, six-, and seven-membered DACs have been prepared and studied. Unlike imidazolylidenes, which are often designated as prototypical NHCs, the DACs exhibit a reactivity profile similar to that of bona fide carbenes, reactive species that are less "tamed" by heteroatom π conjugation. The DACs engage in [2 + 1] cycloadditions with electron-rich or -poor alkenes, aldehydes, alkynes, and nitriles, and doing so in a reversible manner in some cases. They also react with isonitriles, reversibly couple to CO, and mediate the dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons. Such rich chemistry may be rationalized in terms of their ambiphilicity: DACs are nucleophilic, as required for some of the reactions above, yet also have electrophilic character, as evidenced by their insertions into unactivated N-H and C-H bonds

  7. 论他物权之善意取得制度%On Bona Fide Acquisition System of Right over Property of Another

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏洁

    2012-01-01

    分别介绍并分析了用益物权和担保物权的善意取得制度,对善意取得适用范围中的他物权范围加以明确的界定,以完善善意取得制度体系,实现所有权的保护和交易安全之间的利益平衡。%The bona fide acquisition system of usufructuary and security interest are introduced and analyzed.The scope of right over the property of another in the scope of the application of the bona fide acquisition is clearly defined,to improve the institutional system of bona fide acquisition,and to achieve the balance of interests between the protection of ownership and transaction security.

  8. A Resource for the Transcriptional Signature of Bona Fide Trophoblast Stem Cells and Analysis of Their Embryonic Persistence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georg Kuales

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Trophoblast stem cells (TSCs represent the multipotent progenitors that give rise to the different cells of the embryonic portion of the placenta. Here, we analysed the expression of key TSC transcription factors Cdx2, Eomes, and Elf5 in the early developing placenta of mouse embryos and in cultured TSCs and reveal surprising heterogeneity in protein levels. We analysed persistence of TSCs in the early placenta and find that TSCs remain in the chorionic hinge until E9.5 and are lost shortly afterwards. To define the transcriptional signature of bona fide TSCs, we used inducible gain- and loss-of-function alleles of Eomes or Cdx2, and EomesGFP, to manipulate and monitor the core maintenance factors of TSCs, followed by genome-wide expression profiling. Combinatorial analysis of resulting expression profiles allowed for defining novel TSC marker genes that might functionally contribute to the maintenance of the TSC state. Analyses by qRT-PCR and in situ hybridisation validated novel TSC- and chorion-specific marker genes, such as Bok/Mtd, Cldn26, Duox2, Duoxa2, Nr0b1, and Sox21. Thus, these expression data provide a valuable resource for the transcriptional signature of bona fide and early differentiating TSCs and may contribute to an increased understanding of the transcriptional circuitries that maintain and/or establish stemness of TSCs.

  9. 善意取得转让合同的效力研究%On the Effectiveness of Transferring Contract of Bona Fide Acquisition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方金华

    2011-01-01

    研究善意取得转让合同的效力问题可以解决《物权法》第106条与《合同法》第51条法律适用的理论困惑和冲突。善意取得制度不应该遵循《物权法》中规定的一般物权变动模式(即我国所采原则上债权形式主义),因为善意取得制度本身之设立就在于以牺牲财产的静的安全来维护交易财产的动的安全。只要适用《合同法》第51条的规定,善意取得之转让合同的法律属性就应该被认定为无效。%A Study of the effectiveness of transferring contract of bona fide acquisition helps to deal with the theoretical confusion and conflict between Article 106 of Property Law and Article 51 of Contract Law in their application. Bona fide acquisition should not follow the general rule of transferring property right which is stipulated in Property Law in our country, for the system of bona fide acquisition sacrifices the static security of property to defend the dynamic security of property trade. When Article 51 of Contract Law is applied, the transferring contract of bona fide acquisition should be legally invalid.

  10. 论意思表示瑕疵与善意取得规定之关系%On the Relationship between Flaw in Intent Expression and Bona Fides

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘耀东

    2012-01-01

    在通谋虚伪表示及被欺诈之情形,民法关于"不得对抗善意第三人"之规定与善意取得制度应可并存。而于胁迫之情形,"撤销得对抗善意第三人"应优先于善意取得而适用,盖惟如此方可践行私法自治之原则。在意思表示错误之情形,不发生意思表示瑕疵与善意取得之关系问题,善意第三人可径直依善意取得而主张其权利。第三人若知悉其前手交易之可撤销性,其非但不得主张"撤销不得对抗善意第三人",亦不得主张依善意取得而受保护。%In the case of collusion in false declaration and deceit, regulations of may not challenge any third party of good faith and bona tides in civil law should coexist. But in the case of coerce, priority should be applied to "abatement may challenge any bona fide third party" for bona fide. Only in this way, can it practice the principle of private law autonomy. In the case of error in expression of intention, the relationship that has flaw in expression of intention and bona fide does not exist. The bona fide third party has right to claim in accordance with bona fide. If the third party knew the abatement of his prior transaction, he can not claim abatement may challenge any bona fide third Dartv. nor bona fide.

  11. Evaluating Nonproliferation Bona Fides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seward, Amy M.; Mathews, Caroline E.; Kessler, Carol E.

    2008-07-14

    Anticipated growth of global nuclear energy in a difficult international security environment heightens concerns that states could decide to exploit their civilian nuclear fuel cycles as a means of acquiring nuclear weapons. Such concerns partly reflect a fundamental tension in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). On the one hand, Articles II and III of the NPT clearly prohibit each non-nuclear-weapon state party from acquiring nuclear weapons. On the other hand, Article IV of the NPT confers the “inalienable right” of Parties to the treaty to “develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes…,” and directs all Parties to “facilitate… the fullest possible exchange of equipment, materials and scientific and technological information for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy…,” and “cooperate in contributing…to the further development of the applications of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes….” This juxtaposition raises the possibility that a state could exercise its Article IV right to develop a civilian nuclear fuels cycle and then use the equipment, materials and technology to acquire nuclear weapons in violation of its Article II and III obligations.

  12. CONSIDERATIONS ON THE EXPRESS REGULATION OF THE BONA FIDE PRINCIPLE IN THE CONSTITUTION OF ROMANIA AND IN THE NEW ROMANIAN CIVIL CODE AFTER THE MODEL OF ENCODINGS ON THE EUROPEAN LEVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DOBRILĂ Mirela Carmen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the significance of the bona fide concept as a particularly complex notion and timely constant on both European regulation level and the national level, both in the Constitution of Romania and in the new Romanian Civil Code. The study hereby describes the way the new Romanian Civil Code comprehends to provide an express regulation of the bona fide principle, as a novelty and great interest for the Romanian civil law, this analysis aiming to be an opening study that would lead to new guidelines.

  13. Determination of the Bona Fide Buyer in the Couple Shared House Dealing%夫妻共有房屋买卖中善意买受人的认定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李如霞

    2013-01-01

      夫妻一方未经对方同意,出卖夫妻共有房屋给买受人,会引发对该房屋权属问题的争论。理论界和司法界在解决该问题时,主要从是否适用善意取得制度加以把握。善意取得制度通过在真实权利人与善意买受人之间进行利益衡量,最终保障了善意买受人的物权。这无疑是对真实权利人的一种重大打击。因此,我们必须科学界定善意取得制度的适用条件。本文从善意取得制度的一个适用条件,即“买受人主观上是善意的”切入,着重探讨了夫妻一方擅自出卖夫妻共有房屋时,善意买受人产生的背景以及买受人善意的具体认定问题,以期对完善我国的法制有所裨益。%It will cause on the housing ownership issues that one of the spouses sells the couple shared houses to the buyer without the consent of the other party.The theory circles and the judicial circles solve the problem mainly from the system of bona fide acquisition applicable.Through the interest measure between the real obligee and the bona fide buyer,the system of bona fide acquisition ultimately protects the property of the bona fide buyer.It is a great blow to the real obligee. Therefore,we need to scientifically define applicable conditions of the bona fide acquisition system. The article makes a applicable conditions of the system of bona fide acquisition,namely“the buyer is subjectively good”as the breakthrough point,focuses on bona fide buyer’s background and the concrete determination problem of the buyer’s bona fide when one of the spouses sells the couple shared houses without authorization,so as to perfect our country’s legal system.

  14. 从物权秩序视角审视善意取得制度%System of Bona Fide Acquisition from the Property Order

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞贵龙

    2016-01-01

    The theory of“appearance of rights”is the foundation and premise which the property order shaped from the bona fide acquisition system.Under the guidance of this theory,the security and efficiency of the transaction became value orientation of the bona fide faith acquisition system,but the static security is same important as that of transaction,the security protection of transactions is the outcome of the interest balance and the stability of the substance order is the goal that systems exist.The credibility of the public trust is inversely proportional to the level of the Bona fide identification standard.The standard would be improved if the credibility is weakened by “unusual transactions”,“special traders”and “objection registration”etc.Only comprehensive consideration taken into goodwill and elements of publicity can get the effect of stabilizing the property order and interest balancing.%权利外观理论是善意取得制度形成物权秩序的基础和前提,在此理论引导下,交易安全、效率成为善意取得制度的价值导向,但静态安全与交易安全同等重要,交易安全的保护实为利益平衡下的产物,而物质秩序的稳定亦为制度存在的目的。公信力强弱反比于善意认定标准的高低,若存在“非正常交易条件”、“特殊交易主体”及“异议登记”等弱化公信力的情形时,善意的认定标准将有所提升。唯有综合考量善意及公示要件,方得物权秩序稳定之效、利益平衡之果。

  15. Age Discrimination in Employment--The Bona Fide Occupational Qualification Defense--Balancing the Interest of the Older Worker in Acquiring and Continuing Employment against the Interest in Public Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Janet C.; Obee, John A.

    1978-01-01

    The judicial interpretations of age as a bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ) under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 are examined. The applications, extension, and results of these interpretations, and alternate approaches to BFOQ analysis in age discrimination cases are discussed. (BH)

  16. Exploring Circumstances Involving Voluntary Invitation and Involuntary Invitation in Bona Fide Free Ride%善意同乘中主被动情形的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁洋

    2015-01-01

    善意同乘作为好意施惠行为,在间接侵权责任的法律关系中,其应当以过错责任为标准衡量机动车驾驶者的责任,但是除此之外,法律和理论并未论述到善意同乘建立时的不同:是驾车者主动要求搭载第三人;还是驾车者受第三人所邀,被动搭载第三人。不论是从法理上还是社会情理上,这两种情形在法律关系建立时所起的效果明显完全不同,因此本文尝试论述这两种情形的差异以及事后相关侵权责任的划分,以完善整个交通事故侵权责任理论。%As a beneficent act of bestowing favor , bona fide free ride , if resulting in legal actions , should be trea-ted with the principle of fault liability .However , the existing legal documents and theoretical stipulations have yet fallen short of mentioning the differences between voluntary invitation and involuntary invitation in dealing with bona fide free ride disputes .The two situations might result in distinct legal outcomes either from legal or social-moral perspectives .Therefore , this paper attempts a distinction between these two circumstances and their resultant liabil-ities with a view to perfecting the tort liability theory in cases involving traffic accidents .

  17. 民用航空器适用善意取得制度的可行性辨析%The Analysis of Bona Fide Acquisition of Civil Aircraft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝秀辉; 王锡柱

    2015-01-01

    When essentials of bona fide acquisition are satisfied, the absolute value and volume are not negative elements.Physical characteristics of civil aircraft, such as high value, or great bulk would not constitute virtual elements which impede the application of bona fide acquisition.Civil aircraft falls under the category of movable property in the system of property law, the opinion, that bona fide acquisition is non-applicable to civil air craft because it shall be deemed as real estate, is false.However, the rela-tionship between bona fide acquisition and registration antagonism is construed, the registration antago-nism of civil aircraft is not the obstacle of bona fide acquisition of it.In law and in fact, there is possibili-ty of application of bona fide acquisition to civil aircraft.%在符合善意取得成立条件时,绝对价值和体积并未作为其适用的否定性条件,民用航空器价值高、体积大的特性因而并不成为阻碍其适用善意取得的实质性条件。在《物权法》体系中,民用航空器属于动产范畴,视其为不动产从而否定其适用善意取得制度的论述不成立。无论是将善意取得与登记对抗的关系进行何种建构,民用航空器登记对抗制度都未造成其适用善意取得制度的困局。在法律上和事实上,民用航空器均具有适用善意取得制度的可行性。

  18. SCF(JFK) is a bona fide E3 ligase for ING4 and a potent promoter of the angiogenesis and metastasis of breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Ruorong; He, Lin; Li, Zhongwu; Han, Xiao; Liang, Jing; Si, Wenzhe; Chen, Zhe; Li, Lei; Xie, Guojia; Li, Wanjin; Wang, Peiyan; Lei, Liandi; Zhang, Hongquan; Pei, Fei; Cao, Dengfeng; Sun, Luyang; Shang, Yongfeng

    2015-03-15

    Loss of function/dysregulation of inhibitor of growth 4 (ING4) and hyperactivation of NF-κB are frequent events in many types of human malignancies. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these remarkable aberrations are not understood. Here, we report that ING4 is physically associated with JFK. We demonstrated that JFK targets ING4 for ubiquitination and degradation through assembly of an Skp1-Cul1-F-box (SCF) complex. We showed that JFK-mediated ING4 destabilization leads to the hyperactivation of the canonical NF-κB pathway and promotes angiogenesis and metastasis of breast cancer. Significantly, the expression of JFK is markedly up-regulated in breast cancer, and the level of JFK is negatively correlated with that of ING4 and positively correlated with an aggressive clinical behavior of breast carcinomas. Our study identified SCF(JFK) as a bona fide E3 ligase for ING4 and unraveled the JFK-ING4-NF-κB axis as an important player in the development and progression of breast cancer, supporting the pursuit of JFK as a potential target for breast cancer intervention. PMID:25792601

  19. 论中国有限公司股权善意取得的一般结构%The General Structure of the Equity Bona Fide Acquisition of Limited Companies in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓娟; 姚篮

    2013-01-01

    《公司法司法解释三》的颁布实施,使得对股权善意取得制度的探究从理论延伸到立法,甚至到司法实践的回应与检讨。在肯定股权善意取得制度的存在价值及对有限公司股权善意取得的现行规范进行分析后,认为现行立法并未固定股权流转的模式,这不是法律漏洞,而是在私法自治的精神下还原学说的工具价值。以分离原则为基础解析股权变动的一般结构,是构建股权善意取得一般结构的基础。基于股权的特殊性与商法外观主义设置前置条件、考虑股权善意取得的构成要件并结合当事人是否承认无因性原则来构建股权善意取得的一般结构是非常必要的。%With the promulgation and implementation of Company Law's Judicial Interpretation Three , the academic circles pay attention to The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition from theory to legislation , even to The judicial practice's re-sponse and review .This article admits the value of The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition , and based on analyzing its cur-rent legal norm , thinks that the fact of current legislation's not fixing the mode of equity transferring is not legal loop-hole, but regression of theory's tool value in the spirit of the autonomy of private law .Analyzing general structure of equity transferring on the basis of separation principle , is the basis of constructing general structure of The Equity Bo-na Fide Acquisition .Setting up a precondition based on equity's particularity and appearance doctrine of merchant law, considering constitutive requirements of The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition , and combining with the parties'atti-tude whether admitting No-cause principle or not , are essential to constructing general structure of The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition .

  20. 文化财产善意购买人权利的界定与完善%Definition and Perfection of Rights of Bona Fide Purchasers of Cultural Property

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆永强; 张水菊

    2014-01-01

    To maintain legal order of cultural property transactions , to ensure long -term preservation of cultural property which has important heritage values , countries and the international community must clearly define and reasonably restrict the rights of bona fide purchasers from several areas ,including sub-stantive law , procedural law , conflict of laws , uniform substantive law .harmonization of substantive law .It is the best way to solve illegal transnational circulation and return of cultural property through clearly defining the rights of bona fide purchasers by way of a uniform substantive law .%为维系文化财产合法交易秩序,同时确保具有重要遗产价值的文化财产的长久保存,各国及国际社会必须从实体法、诉讼法、冲突法、统一实体法等几个方面对善意购买人的权利进行明确界定与合理限制。通过统一实体法明确界定善意购买人的权利是解决文化财产跨国非法流转和返还问题的最佳途径。

  1. The Legal Rules Application on Bona Fide Stake Acquisition of Limited Company%有限公司股权善意取得规则的司法适用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宜云; 王玲

    2014-01-01

    In 2011, the Supreme Court issued the “Company law Explanation 3” in which the article twenty-sixth and twenty-eighth laid a foundation for the bona fide stake acquisition formally whereas the applicable situation, constitutive requirements, legal effects to this problem is not clear, brings to the dififcult judicial application problems. Stake in good faith should choose the most similar to the real estate ownership as a reference object, combining with the practice view and the existing normative analysis, sums up the specific applicable situations, constitutive requirements and legal effect. Conclusion is that bona fide stake acquisition is practical and applicable.%2011年最高法院发布的《公司法司法解释三》第26条、第28条正式为股权善意取得确立了规范基础,但在适用情形、构成要件及法律效果方面均不清晰,给司法适用带来很多困难。结合现有规范及实务经验,股权的善意取得规则在司法适用上应以最类似的不动产所有权作为参照对象,通过对股权善意取得的具体适用情形、构成要件及法律效果进行细致分析,可以得出股权善意取得制度具有现实可操作性的结论。

  2. 物权法中的“善意”一词释义%The Concept of Bona Fides In Property Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗姮; 李真真

    2015-01-01

    “善意”一词最早源于罗马Bona Fides时效取得制度.罗马法中的善意以“毋害他人”为抽象内涵,存在两种具体含义:诉讼法领域中指客观善意,体现为外部行为;物权法领域中指主观善意,内含于心理状态.“善意”释义的延伸发展中,拉丁语及英语国家采同一术语表达;德国法采分立术语表达.后者使“善意”一词最终走向分立,作为一种行为标准的善意演变为当今的诚信原则;而作为内心状态的善意则保留在物权法、债法诸板块中,表现为善意取得制度、取得实效中的善意或占有人的善意等.另外,作为内心状态之“善意”被剥除开来后,广泛随附于物权法领域之各种制度而存在,并在此发展出丰富内涵.

  3. Relief Approach for the Bona Fide Holder after the Invalidating Judgment:On the Inadequacy and Consummation of Pressing Notice Procedure%除权判决后合法持票人的救济路径--兼论公示催告程序之不足与完善

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付陈友

    2014-01-01

    除权判决系非讼程序中法院基于申请人的申请作出的一种临时性司法推定,在普通民事诉讼程序中并不具有实质既判力,当合法持票人在法定期限内提起普通民事诉讼的,无须先行诉请撤销原除权判决。合法持票人可以选择提起票据利益返还之诉、确认票据权利之诉或票据侵权损害赔偿之诉。公示催告程序本身的不足,导致了除权判决所确认的权利与合法持票人权利的冲突。完善公示催告程序的运行,有利于减少此类冲突的发生,规范票据流通秩序和交易安全。%The invalidating judgement for negotiable instruments is a procedure where the court makes a supposed implicit inference to the application in the noncontentious procedure. It has no Res Judicata in the litigation pro-cedure. Vacation of judgment is needless when the bona fide holder makes a suit. The bona fide holder could claim restitution interest, litigations of payment and tort damages. The absence of pressing notice procedure leads to the interests conflict between the right confirmed by the invalidating judgement and those of the bona fide hold-er, therefore, it is necessary to consummate the procedure so as to avoid interests conflict of this sort and ensure safty of transaction and standardization of circulation.

  4. Unauthorized Disposals and the Protection of Bona Fide Transactors --On the Relationship between Art. 51 of Contract Law and Art. 106 of Property Law%无权处分与善意第三人的保护——兼论《合同法》第51条与《物权法》第106条的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王若冰

    2012-01-01

    针对无权处分行为,我国《合同法》第51条从合同关系的角度作出了规范,而《物权法》第106条从物权变动的角度对其做出了规定,二者的上述规定存在一定的冲突和矛盾。应该在受让人是善意的情况下,优先考虑是否符合《物权法》第106条的构成要件,如果完全符合该条确定的构成要件,应直接适用善意取得,认定该交易是有效的。%Both Art. 51 of Contract Law and Art. 106 of Property Law have stipulated the legal effects of unau- thorized disposals. Nevertheless, the contract rule that emphasizes contractual relationships of unauthorized dispos- als, in some aspects, does not agree with the property rule that regulates the alternation of property rights. In cases of bona fide transactors and that the conditions of the rule of bona fide acquisition set in Art. 106 of Property Law are met, Art. 106 of Property Law rather than Art. 51 of Contact Law should apply. The application of the property rule renders unauthorized disposals valid.

  5. Acuto. Fides

    OpenAIRE

    Boccali, Livia

    2015-01-01

    Un’epigrafe della seconda metà del I sec. d.C. incisa su un altare marmoreo rinvenuto ad Acuto (fig. 10), nel circondario di Anagni, e conservato a Roma, nella Villa Albani, attesta un culto di Fides, probabilmente privato. Fig. 10 Il territorio di Anagni. © DR Fonti epigrafiche CIL X, 5903= ILS 3778; Rizzello 1984, 40; Lahusen 1994, 415, n. 524, tav. 246. Fidei suae sacrumAspania Q(uinti) f(ilia) PollaQ(uintus) PetroniusIrenaeus sacrarunt«Sacro alla propria Fides. Aspania Polla figlia di Qu...

  6. 体验真诚%Experience the Bona Fides

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝彦春

    2001-01-01

    我对西部最初的印象,仅仅出自于古代诗人对边塞感怀的诗句,既遥远又令人向往。这种向往随着时光的漂移,便积存于心中,久而久之便成了一个难以了却的梦。

  7. Differentiating Bona Fide Strategic Planning from Other Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meredith, Mark; And Others

    The extent to which a college has been engaged in strategic planning was studied with a sample of 96 institutions which had been identified as using strategic planning in a 1985 study. Survey questions consisted of a mixture of: (1) activities proper and essential to strategic planning; and (2) approaches and views of strategic planning that have…

  8. A bona fide baby boom for the Baltics / Aleksei Gunter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gunter, Aleksei, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Seoses jaanuaris alanud vanemahüvitise programmiga ennustatakse sel aastal sündide arvu tõusu. Rahvastikuminister Paul-Eerik Rummo kommentaare. Tabel: Eesti rahvastikuandmed aprill 2003 - aprill 2004

  9. 7 CFR 27.93 - Bona fide spot markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER... Texas counties of Val Verde, Crockett, Terrell, Pecos, Brewster, Presidio, Jeff Davis,...

  10. 浅析善意取得之"善意"%On the "Bona Fide" in the Bona Fide Gains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张乐

    2005-01-01

    善意取得制度已被众多国家民法所确认,我国立法上未确立该项制度,但其已为我国司法实践所采纳.善意取得的成立以受让人的"善意"为基本前提.关于"善意"的范畴,历史起源和现代立法的规定不尽一致;对善意、恶意的判断标准,也存在着"消极观念说"和"积极观念说"两种观点;"善意"的准据时点的不同认定也成为判断行为人"善意"的重要因素.

  11. 论善意取得制度中的善意标准%Criterion of Bona Fides for Ownership Acquired by Bona Fides

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冬梅

    2003-01-01

    尽管各国法律和学者都一致认为善意是行为人的内在心理活动状况,但在具体标准的设置上,其立法和学理的观点并不完全一致.本文从善意的理论含义、善意的实践标准、善意的举证责任三方面试分析了善意取得制度中的善意标准.

  12. Variability in automatic activation as an unobtrusive measure of racial attitudes: a bona fide pipeline?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazio, R H; Jackson, J R; Dunton, B C; Williams, C J

    1995-12-01

    The research examines an unobtrusive measure of racial attitudes based on the evaluations that are automatically activated from memory on the presentation of Black versus White faces. Study 1, which concerned the technique's validity, obtained different attitude estimates for Black and White participants and also revealed that the variability among White participants was predictive of other race-related judgments and behavior. Study 2 concerned the lack of correspondence between the unobtrusive estimates and Modern Racism Scale (MRS) scores. The reactivity of the MRS was demonstrated in Study 3. Study 4 observed an interaction between the unobtrusive estimates and an individual difference in motivation to control prejudiced reactions when predicting MRS scores. The theoretical implications of the findings for consideration of automatic and controlled components of racial prejudice are discussed, as is the status of the MRS. PMID:8531054

  13. Investigating the bona fide differentiation capacity of human pluripotent stem cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Chien Dominic Heng; Kyle M Loh; Huck-Hui Ng

    2012-01-01

    Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) have been perennially paraded as a source of cells for cell replacement therapies because they can (theoretically) give rise to any single cell type within the human body [1].Hence,they can create in vitro a vast number of any human cell type to replace the diseased cell population that a patient might require — this is a salient goal that regenerative medicine aspires to deliver on [2].However,despite the ever-expanding menagerie of therapeutically relevant differentiated lineages being created from hPSCs,usage of these stem cell-derived progeny for regenerative medicine still remains an uncertainty.

  14. Human Services: A Bona Fide Profession in the 21st Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diambra, Joel F.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses interviews with David Maloney, Franklin Rother, and Lynn McKinney concerning the status of human services as an established profession. Summarizes that human services has come a long way in establishing itself as a unique and worthwhile career and that the job market for human service workers well trained and skilled in direct service…

  15. 26 CFR 1.937-1 - Bona fide residency in a possession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... spouse from whom the individual is legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance... tourist season. For the remainder of each year, P lives with her husband and children in Possession...

  16. Discriminating Strength: a bona fide measure of non-classical correlations

    OpenAIRE

    Farace, A.; De Pasquale, A; Rigovacca, L.; Giovannetti, V.

    2014-01-01

    A new measure of non-classical correlations is introduced and characterized. It tests the ability of using a state {\\rho} of a composite system AB as a probe for a quantum illumination task [e.g. see S. Lloyd, Science 321, 1463 (2008)], in which one is asked to remotely discriminate among the two following scenarios: i) either nothing happens to the probe, or ii) the subsystem A is transformed via a local unitary R_A whose properties are partially unspecified when producing {\\rho}. This new m...

  17. Discriminating strength: a bona fide measure of non-classical correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farace, A.; De Pasquale, A.; Rigovacca, L.; Giovannetti, V.

    2014-07-01

    A new measure of non-classical correlations is introduced and characterized. It tests the ability of using a state ρ of a composite system AB as a probe for a quantum illumination task (e.g. see Lloyd 2008 Science 321 1463), in which one is asked to remotely discriminate between the two following scenarios: (i) either nothing happens to the probe, or (ii) the subsystem A is transformed via a local unitary {{R}_{A}} whose properties are partially unspecified when producing ρ. This new measure can be seen as the discrete version of the recently introduced interferometric power measure (Girolami et al 2013 e-print arXiv:1309.1472) and, at least for the case in which A is a qubit, it is shown to coincide (up to an irrelevant scaling factor) with the local quantum uncertainty measure of Girolami, Tufarelli and Adesso (2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 240402). Analytical expressions are derived which allow us to formally prove that, within the set of separable configurations, the maximum value of our non-classicality measure is achieved over the set of quantum-classical states (i.e. states ρ which admit a statistical unravelling where each element of the associated ensemble is distinguishable via local measures on B).

  18. Handling context-sensitivity in protein structures using graph theory: bona fide prediction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samudrala, R; Moult, J

    1997-01-01

    We constructed five comparative models in a blind manner for the second meeting on the Critical Assessment of protein Structure Prediction methods (CASP2). The method used is based on a novel graph-theoretic clique-finding approach, and attempts to address the problem of interconnected structural changes in the comparative modeling of protein structures. We discuss briefly how the method is used for protein structure prediction, and detail how it performs in the blind tests. We find that compared to CASP1, significant improvements in building insertions and deletions and sidechain conformations have been achieved. PMID:9485494

  19. The endogenous retroviral locus ERVWE1 is a bona fide gene involved in hominoid placental physiology

    OpenAIRE

    Mallet, François; Bouton, Olivier; Prudhomme, Sarah; Cheynet, Valérie; Oriol, Guy; Bonnaud, Bertrand; Lucotte, Gérard; Duret, Laurent; Mandrand, Bernard

    2004-01-01

    The definitive demonstration of a role for a recently acquired gene is a difficult task, requiring exhaustive genetic investigations and functional analysis. The situation is indeed much more complicated when facing multicopy gene families, because most or portions of the gene are conserved among the hundred copies of the family. This is the case for the ERVWE1 locus of the human endogenous retrovirus W family (HERV-W), which encodes an envelope glycoprotein (syncytin) likely involved in trop...

  20. Biochemical characterization of bona fide polycystin-1 in vitro and in vivo.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boletta, A.; Qian, F.; Onuchic, L.F.; Bragonzi, A.; Cortese, M.; Deen, P.M.T.; Courtoy, P.J.; Soria, M.R.; Devuyst, O.; Monaco, L.; Germino, G G

    2001-01-01

    The most common form of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD) results from mutation of the PKD1 gene on chromosome 16p13.3. The gene encodes a 14-kb messenger RNA that is predicted to express a 462-kd membrane protein. The gene product, polycystin-1, has a large extracellular portion co

  1. Bona Fides and Mala Fides in Civil and Commercial Trial%输血致感染病毒的损害赔偿问题分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兴华; 李英

    2003-01-01

    输血是抢救意外受伤者经常使用的医疗手段.近年来我国因输血导致受血者感染病毒的事件时有发生.如何界定血液的法律属性,是否适用产品侵权责任,怎样从法律上保障对因输血造成感染病毒的受害者进行救济是本文思考和讨论的重点.

  2. 20 CFR 655.534 - The first attestation element for locations in Alaska: Bona fide request for dispatch of United...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of Alaska. (1) Wherever two or more contract stevedoring companies have signed a joint collective... crewmembers to perform longshore work during the validity period of the attestation, the employer will make a... to make available workers to the particular location where the longshore work is to be performed....

  3. Bona-fide method for the determination of short range order and transport properties in a ferro-aluminosilicate slag

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karalis, Konstantinos T.; Dellis, Dimitrios; Antipas, Georgios S. E.; Xenidis, Anthimos

    2016-07-01

    The thermodynamics, structural and transport properties (density, melting point, heat capacity, thermal expansion coefficient, viscosity and electrical conductivity) of a ferro-aluminosilicate slag have been studied in the solid and liquid state (1273–2273 K) using molecular dynamics. The simulations were based on a Buckingham-type potential, which was extended here, to account for the presence of Cr and Cu. The potential was optimized by fitting pair distribution function partials to values determined by Reverse Monte Carlo modelling of X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments. The resulting short range order features and ring statistics were in tight agreement with experimental data and created consensus for the accurate prediction of transport properties. Accordingly, calculations yielded rational values both for the average heat capacity, equal to 1668.58 J/(kg·K), and for the viscosity, in the range of 4.09–87.64 cP. The potential was consistent in predicting accurate values for mass density (i.e. 2961.50 kg/m3 vs. an experimental value of 2940 kg/m3) and for electrical conductivity (5.3–233 S/m within a temperature range of 1273.15–2273.15 K).

  4. P. falciparum cpn20 is a bona fide co-chaperonin that can replace GroES in E. coli.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Vitlin Gruber

    Full Text Available Human malaria is among the most ubiquitous and destructive tropical, parasitic diseases in the world today. The causative agent, Plasmodium falciparum, contains an unusual, essential organelle known as the apicoplast. Inhibition of this degenerate chloroplast results in second generation death of the parasite and is the mechanism by which antibiotics function in treating malaria. In order to better understand the biochemistry of this organelle, we have cloned a putative, 20 kDa, co-chaperonin protein, Pf-cpn20, which localizes to the apicoplast. Although this protein is homologous to the cpn20 that is found in plant chloroplasts, its ability to function as a co-chaperonin was questioned in the past. In the present study, we carried out a structural analysis of Pf-cpn20 using circular dichroism and analytical ultracentrifugation and then used two different approaches to investigate the ability of this protein to function as a co-chaperonin. In the first approach, we purified recombinant Pf-cpn20 and tested its ability to act as a co-chaperonin for GroEL in vitro, while in the second, we examined the ability of Pf-cpn20 to complement an E. coli depletion of the essential bacterial co-chaperonin GroES. Our results demonstrate that Pf-cpn20 is fully functional as a co-chaperonin in vitro. Moreover, the parasitic co-chaperonin is able to replace GroES in E. coli at both normal and heat-shock temperatures. Thus, Pf-cpn20 functions as a co-chaperonin in chaperonin-mediated protein folding. The ability of the malarial protein to function in E. coli suggests that this simple system can be used as a tool for further analyses of Pf-cpn20 and perhaps other chaperone proteins from P. falciparum.

  5. Comparative in silico analysis identifies bona fide MyoD binding sites within the Myocyte Stress 1 gene promoter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imbalzano Anthony N

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Myocyte stress 1 (MS1 is a striated muscle actin binding protein required for the muscle specific activity of the evolutionary ancient myocardin related transcription factor (MRTF/serum response factor (SRF transcriptional pathway. To date, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that govern skeletal muscle specific expression of MS1. Such mechanisms are likely to play a major role in modulating SRF activity and therefore muscle determination, differentiation and regeneration. In this study we employed a comparative in silico analysis coupled with an experimental promoter characterisation to delineate these mechanisms. Results Analysis of MS1 expression in differentiating C2C12 muscle cells demonstrated a temporal differentiation dependent up-regulation in ms1 mRNA. An in silico comparative sequence analysis identified two conserved putative myogenic regulatory domains within the proximal 1.5 kbp of 5' upstream sequence. Co-transfecting C2C12 myoblasts with ms1 promoter/luciferase reporters and myogenic regulatory factor (MRF over-expression plasmids revealed specific sensitivity of the ms1 promoter to MyoD. Subsequent mutagenesis and EMSA analysis demonstrated specific targeting of MyoD at two distinct E-Boxes (E1 and E2 within identified evolutionary conserved regions (ECRs, α and β. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP analysis indicates that co-ordinated binding of MyoD at E-Boxes located within ECRs α and β correlates with the temporal induction in ms1 mRNA. Conclusion These findings suggest that the tissue specific and differentiation dependent up-regulation in ms1 mRNA is mediated by temporal binding of MyoD at distinct evolutionary conserved E-Boxes within the ms1 5' upstream sequence. We believe, through its activation of ms1, this is the first study to demonstrate a direct link between MyoD activity and SRF transcriptional signalling, with clear implications for the understanding of muscle determination, differentiation and regeneration.

  6. Appearance of the Bona Fide Spiral Tubule of Orf Virus Is Dependent on an Intact 10-Kilodalton Viral Protein

    OpenAIRE

    Spehner, D; De Carlo, S.; Drillien, R.; Weiland, F; Mildner, K.; Hanau, D.; Rziha, H.-J.

    2004-01-01

    Parapoxviruses can be morphologically distinguished from other poxviruses in conventional negative staining electron microscopy (EM) by their ovoid appearance and the spiral tubule surrounding the virion's surface. However, this technique may introduce artifacts. We have examined Orf virus (ORFV; the prototype species of the Parapoxvirus genus) by cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) and cryo-negative staining EM. From these studies we suggest that the shape and unique spiral tubule are authenti...

  7. P. falciparum cpn20 is a bona fide co-chaperonin that can replace GroES in E. coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitlin Gruber, Anna; Nisemblat, Shahar; Zizelski, Gal; Parnas, Avital; Dzikowski, Ron; Azem, Abdussalam; Weiss, Celeste

    2013-01-01

    Human malaria is among the most ubiquitous and destructive tropical, parasitic diseases in the world today. The causative agent, Plasmodium falciparum, contains an unusual, essential organelle known as the apicoplast. Inhibition of this degenerate chloroplast results in second generation death of the parasite and is the mechanism by which antibiotics function in treating malaria. In order to better understand the biochemistry of this organelle, we have cloned a putative, 20 kDa, co-chaperonin protein, Pf-cpn20, which localizes to the apicoplast. Although this protein is homologous to the cpn20 that is found in plant chloroplasts, its ability to function as a co-chaperonin was questioned in the past. In the present study, we carried out a structural analysis of Pf-cpn20 using circular dichroism and analytical ultracentrifugation and then used two different approaches to investigate the ability of this protein to function as a co-chaperonin. In the first approach, we purified recombinant Pf-cpn20 and tested its ability to act as a co-chaperonin for GroEL in vitro, while in the second, we examined the ability of Pf-cpn20 to complement an E. coli depletion of the essential bacterial co-chaperonin GroES. Our results demonstrate that Pf-cpn20 is fully functional as a co-chaperonin in vitro. Moreover, the parasitic co-chaperonin is able to replace GroES in E. coli at both normal and heat-shock temperatures. Thus, Pf-cpn20 functions as a co-chaperonin in chaperonin-mediated protein folding. The ability of the malarial protein to function in E. coli suggests that this simple system can be used as a tool for further analyses of Pf-cpn20 and perhaps other chaperone proteins from P. falciparum. PMID:23326533

  8. Bona fide colour: DNA prediction of human eye and hair colour from ancient and contemporary skeletal remains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Draus-Barini (Jolanta); S. Walsh (Susan); E. Pośpiech (Ewelina); T. Kupiec (Tomasz); H. Głab (Henryk); W. Branicki (Wojciech); M.H. Kayser (Manfred)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractBackground: DNA analysis of ancient skeletal remains is invaluable in evolutionary biology for exploring the history of species, including humans. Contemporary human bones and teeth, however, are relevant in forensic DNA analyses that deal with the identification of perpetrators, missing

  9. Employment Discrimination--Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967--Bona Fide Occupational Qualification--Hodgson v. Greyhound Lines, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Champion, Susan Elizabeth

    1975-01-01

    Examines the circuit court's decision in favor of Greyhound in a suit alleging that the company's refusal to accept applications for bus driver from persons under 35 violated the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA). Submits that the decision frustrates congressional intent by permitting arbitrary and unreasonable age discrimination. (JT)

  10. Bona Fide Gain in Real Property Trade%不动产交易中的善意取得

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘国涛

    2004-01-01

    物权是一种对世权,必须进行公示,以取得公信力,对抗第三人;公示权利的非完全正确性要求适用善意取得制度,以维护公示的公信力;公示的公信力的本质是物权行为的无因性;物权行为与善意取得制度的结合是"恶意不取得".在不动产交易中也是如此.

  11. The Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation with dissipative memory

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dell'Oro, Filippo; Mammeri, Y.; Pata, V.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 22, č. 4 (2015), s. 899-910. ISSN 1021-9722 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation * dissipative memory * exponential stability * nonlinear contraction semigroup Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.897, year: 2014 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00030-014-0308-8

  12. La cláusula ‘ex fide bona’ y su influencia en el ‘quantum respondeatur’ como herramienta para recuperar el equilibrio patrimonial en derecho romano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian C. San Martín Neira

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se refiere a la relación existente entre la cláusula ex fide bona y la cuantía de la condena en derecho romano. Mediante la exégesis de dos pasajes del Digesto se pone en evidencia que, gracias a la elasticidad de la cláusula ex fide bona, los juristas romanos utilizaron el quantum respondeatur como un mecanismo para restablecer el equilibrio patrimonial, excluyendo de la summa condemnationis cantidades que en principio habrían debido incluirse. En consecuencia, en Roma la buena fe no era solo un mecanismo de integración del contrato mediante la ampliación de las obligaciones contraídas por las partes, sino también un mecanismo de atenuación de dichas obligaciones, cuando su exigencia en términos literales resultaba contraria al equilibrio propio de los contratos de buena fe.

  13. The use of Fidelis lll laser in everyday dental practice

    OpenAIRE

    Kovacevska, Ivona; Georgiev, Zlatko; Denkova, Natasa; Petrovski, Mihajlo; Zabokova-Bilbilova, Efka; Dimova, Cena

    2015-01-01

    Laser as a relatively newer modality in dentistry that provides opportunities for application of a wide range of dental procedures that constitute an integral part of everyday practice. In this review we present aplicative performances of combined Fidelis lll laser. This pulsing laser is composed by two sistem: erbium (Er:YAG) and neodimium (Nd: YAG) and they are used in different dental procedures, every day, as modern, precice, pain-less methodology. Key words: laser, Er: YAG - e...

  14. Introducing the per-fide project : parallelizing portuguese with six different languages (Español, Russian, Français, Italiano, Deutsch, English)

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo, Sílvia; Correia, Ana; Oliveira, Ana; Simões, Alberto

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present the Per-Fide project1, aimed at the construction of parallel corpora mapping the Portuguese language to six other languages - English, Russian, French, Italian, German and Spanish - in various domains including literary, journalistic and religious texts. First we will focus on the corpus design criteria and its main features, particularly those that distinguish this corpus from existing parallel corpora. Secondly, we will discuss the challenges of ...

  15. A bona fide two-dimensional percolation model: an insight into the optimum photoactivator concentration in La2/3-xEuxTa2O7 nanosheets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    La-Eu solid solution nanosheets La2/3-xEuxTa2O7 have been synthesized, and their photoluminescence properties have been investigated. La2/3-xEuxTa2O7 nanosheets were prepared from layered perovskite compounds Li2La2/3-xEuxTa2O7 as the precursors by soft chemical exfoliation reactions. Both the precursors and the exfoliated nanosheets exhibit a decrease in intralayer lattice parameters as the Eu contents increase. However, there is a discontinuity in this trend between the nominal Eu content ranges x≤ 0.3 and x ≥ 0.4. This discontinuity is attributed to the difference in degree of TaO6 octahedra tilting for the La- and Eu-rich phases. La2/3-xEuxTa2O7 nanosheets exhibit red emission, characteristic of the f-f transitions in Eu3+ photoactivators. The photoluminescence emission can be obtained from both host and direct photoactivator excitation. However, photoluminescence emission through host excitation is much more dominant than that through direct photoactivator excitation, and this behavior is consistent with that of all the other rare-earth photoactivated nanosheets reported previously. The absolute photoluminescence quantum efficiency of the La2/3-xEuxTa2O7 nanosheets increases as the experimentally determined Eu contents increase up to x=0.45 and decrease above it. This result is in good agreement with the optimum photoactivator concentration expected from the percolation theory. These solid solution La2/3-xEuxTa2O7 nanosheets are excellent models for validating the theory of optimum photoactivator concentration in the truly two-dimensional photoactivator matrix.

  16. Keratinocytes under Fire of Proinflammatory Cytokines: Bona Fide Innate Immune Cells Involved in the Physiopathology of Chronic Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François-Xavier Bernard

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous homeostasis and defenses are maintained by permanent cross-talk among particular epidermal keratinocytes and immune cells residing or recruited in the skin, through the production of cytokines. If required, a coordinated inflammatory response is triggered, relayed by specific cytokines. Due to numerous reasons, troubles in the resolution of this phenomenon could generate a cytokine-mediated vicious circle, promoting skin chronic inflammation, the most common being atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. In this paper, we discuss the biological effects of cytokine on keratinocytes, more particularly on specific or shared cytokines involved in atopic dermatitis or psoriasis. We report and discuss monolayer or 3D in vitro models of keratinocytes stimulated by specific sets of cytokines to mimic atopic dermatitis or psoriasis. IL-22, TNFa, IL-4, and IL-13 combination is able to mimic an “atopic dermatitis like” state. In psoriasis lesions, over expression of IL-17 is observed whereas IL-4 and IL-13 were not detected; the replacement of IL-4 and IL-13 by IL-17 from this mix is able to mimic in vitro a “psoriasis like” status on keratinocytes. We conclude that specific cytokine environment deregulation plays a central role on skin morphology and innate immunity, moving towards specific pathologies and opening the way to new therapeutic strategies.

  17. A bona fide two-dimensional percolation model: an insight into the optimum photoactivator concentration in La2/3-xEuxTa2O7 nanosheets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadashi C Ozawa, Katsutoshi Fukuda, Yasuo Ebina, Kosuke Kosuda, Akira Sato, Yuichi Michiue, Keiji Kurashima and Takayoshi Sasaki

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La–Eu solid solution nanosheets La2/3−xEuxTa2O7 have been synthesized, and their photoluminescence properties have been investigated. La2/3−xEuxTa2O7 nanosheets were prepared from layered perovskite compounds Li2La2/3−xEuxTa2O7 as the precursors by soft chemical exfoliation reactions. Both the precursors and the exfoliated nanosheets exhibit a decrease in intralayer lattice parameters as the Eu contents increase. However, there is a discontinuity in this trend between the nominal Eu content ranges x≤ 0.3 and x ≥ 0.4. This discontinuity is attributed to the difference in degree of TaO6 octahedra tilting for the La- and Eu-rich phases. La2/3−xEuxTa2O7 nanosheets exhibit red emission, characteristic of the f–f transitions in Eu3+ photoactivators. The photoluminescence emission can be obtained from both host and direct photoactivator excitation. However, photoluminescence emission through host excitation is much more dominant than that through direct photoactivator excitation, and this behavior is consistent with that of all the other rare-earth photoactivated nanosheets reported previously. The absolute photoluminescence quantum efficiency of the La2/3−xEuxTa2O7 nanosheets increases as the experimentally determined Eu contents increase up to x=0.45 and decrease above it. This result is in good agreement with the optimum photoactivator concentration expected from the percolation theory. These solid solution La2/3−xEuxTa2O7 nanosheets are excellent models for validating the theory of optimum photoactivator concentration in the truly two-dimensional photoactivator matrix.

  18. Semper Fidelis: Values of The Marine Retiree Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virienia Puspita

    2016-01-01

    the group through the method of analysis of fantasy by Bormann. The results of the this study indicate the stories of Marine retiree in Depok are the bridge of experience of Marine retiree in the past with present time. Besides that, it is the formation of behavior in forms of values, culture and communication behavior of them. From the analysis theme shows that the group values of Marine retiree in Depok has manifested by universal's idealism value of Marines Semper Fidelis (loyalty, sacrifice, dedication, pride and self esteem. The group rhetorical visions are pride of the group, desire for being accepted and close to their group's identity.

  19. Utilizing Synthetic Spectra to Refine Lambda Boo Stars' UV Classification Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Kwang-Ping; Neff, James E.; Johnson, Dustin; Tarbell, Erik; Romo, Christopher; Steele, Patricia; Gray, Richard O.; Corbally, Christopher J.

    2016-01-01

    Lambda Boo-type stars are a group of late B to early F-type Population I dwarfs that show deficiencies of iron-peak elements (up to 2 dex), but their C, N, O, and S abundances are near solar. This stellar class has recently regained the spotlight because of the directly-imaged planets around a confirmed Lambda Boo star, HR 8799, and a suggested Lambda Boo star Beta Pictoris. The discovery of a giant asteroid belt around Vega, another possible Lambda Boo star, also suggests hidden planets. This possible link between Lambda Boo stars and planet-bearing stars motivates us to study Lambda Boo stars systematically. Since the peculiar nature of the prototype Lambda Bootis was first noticed in 1943, Lambda Boo candidates published in the literature have been selected using widely different criteria. The Lambda Boo label has been applied to almost any peculiar A-type stars that do not fit elsewhere. In order to determine the origin of Lambda Boo stars' unique abundance pattern and to better discriminate between theories explaining the Lambda Boo phenomenon, a consistent working definition of Lambda Boo stars is needed. We have re-evaluated all published Lambda Boo candidates and their available ultraviolet and visible spectra. Using observed and synthetic spectra, we explored the classification of Lambda Boo stars and developed quantitative criteria that discriminate metal-poor stars from bona fide Lambda Boo stars. With model spectra, we demonstrated that the (C I 1657 Angstrom)/ (Al II 1671 Angstrom) line ratio is the best single criterion to distinguish between Lambda Boo stars and metal weak stars, and that one cannot use a single C I/Al II cut-off value as a Lambda Boo classification criterion. The C I/Al II cut-off value is a function of a star's effective temperature and metallicity. Using these stricter Lambda Boo classification criteria, we concluded that neither Beta Pictoris nor Vega should be classified as Lambda Boo stars.

  20. 善意取得与无权处分的冲突协调——兼评《物权法草案》善意取得之规定%Conflict and Reconcilement between Bona Fide Acquisition and No Disposal Right——Concurrent Review on the Provision of Bona Fide Acquisition in the Draft for Real Right Act

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丘志乔

    2006-01-01

    善意取得与无权处分是相互区别与联系的两种法律制度.《民法通则》未规定善意取得及其与无权处分的关系.《合同法》关于无权处分的规定存在疏漏并与善意取得的适用有冲突,应通过合理的制度设计予以理顺.物权法草案中善意取得之规定有待进一步检讨和完善.

  1. Sola fide: Die belangrike rol van die geloof in die Christoiogie van Hermann Friedrich Kohlbrugge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. H. Bogaards

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the important role which the concept of sola fide plays in the Christology of Hermann Friedrich Kohlbrugge. Sola fide is decisive not only for the order of salvation but also for the history of salvation as far as the advent and work of Christ are concerned. It is also important to note the determining role ascribed to the grace of God in man's salvation, because man in himself is flesh and totally incapable of saving himself. Faith is not an achievement by man but a free gift of the Spirit of God.

  2. Sola fide: Die belangrike rol van die geloof in die Christoiogie van Hermann Friedrich Kohlbrugge

    OpenAIRE

    A. H. Bogaards; De Bruyn, P.J.; J. H. van Wyk

    1998-01-01

    This article investigates the important role which the concept of sola fide plays in the Christology of Hermann Friedrich Kohlbrugge. Sola fide is decisive not only for the order of salvation but also for the history of salvation as far as the advent and work of Christ are concerned. It is also important to note the determining role ascribed to the grace of God in man's salvation, because man in himself is flesh and totally incapable of saving himself. Faith is not an achievement by man ...

  3. Fides: Lightweight Authenticated Cipher with Side-Channel Resistance for Constrained Hardware

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bilgin, Begul; Bogdanov, Andrey; Knezevic, Miroslav;

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we present a novel lightweight authenticated cipher optimized for hardware implementations called Fides. It is an online nonce-based authenticated encryption scheme with authenticated data whose area requirements are as low as 793 GE and 1001 GE for 80-bit and 96-bit security......, respectively. This is at least two times smaller than its closest competitors Hummingbird-2 and Grain-128a. While being extremely compact, Fides is both throughput and latency efficient, even in its most serial implementations. This is attained by our novel sponge-like design approach. Moreover...

  4. Fides: Lightweight Authenticated Cipher with Side-Channel Resistance for Constrained Hardware

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bilgin, Begül; Bogdanov, Andrey; Knezevic, Miroslav; Mendel, Florian; Wang, Qingju; Bertoni, G.; Coron, J.S.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we present a novel lightweight authenticated cipher optimized for hardware implementations called Fides. It is an online nonce-based authenticated encryption scheme with authenticated data whose area requirements are as low as 793 GE and 1001 GE for 80-bit and 96-bit security, respect

  5. Traveling Wave Solutions of the Benjamin-Bona-Mahony Water Wave Equations

    OpenAIRE

    Seadawy, A. R.; A Sayed

    2014-01-01

    The modeling of unidirectional propagation of long water waves in dispersive media is presented. The Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) and Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM) equations are derived from water waves models. New traveling solutions of the KdV and BBM equations are obtained by implementing the extended direct algebraic and extended sech-tanh methods. The stability of the obtained traveling solutions is analyzed and discussed.

  6. Improved decay rates for solutions for a multidimensional generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation

    KAUST Repository

    Said-Houari, Belkacem

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we study the decay rates of solutions for the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation in multi-dimensional space. For initial data in some L1-weighted spaces, we prove faster decay rates of the solutions. More precisely, using the Fourier transform and the energy method, we show the global existence and the convergence rates of the solutions under the smallness assumption on the initial data and we give better decay rates of the solutions. This result improves early works in J. Differential Equations 158(2) (1999), 314-340 and Nonlinear Anal. 75(7) (2012), 3385-3392. © 2014-IOS Press.

  7. Bona Fide Purchase of Real Estate in the German Civil Law%论德国民法上的不动产物权善意取得制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永强

    2005-01-01

    善意取得制度是物权法的一项重要制度,其设立的宗旨在于维护物权交易的动态安全,协调与平衡真实物权人与第三人之间的利益关系。我国的善意取得理论基本上是采用主观善意的判断标准,此种判断标准在理论上和实践中都具有较大缺陷。

  8. FIDES QUAERENS PULCHRUM: PRACTICAL THEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON THE DESIRE FOR BEAUTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Cilliers

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the notion of 'desire' is critically interpreted in terms of the classic theological notion of 'quaerens' (as for instance in: fides quaerens intellectum; faith in search of understanding. 'Quaerens' indicates the quest for (or paradox of something that is not yet attained, although already experienced, here understood as a quest for beauty - fides quaerens pulchrum. The concept of beauty is multi-layered, but traditionally it is viewed in a romanticized sense, as something (or an experience that is fine, excellent, noble and honourable. In this article this romanticized view is critiqued within an aesthetical understanding of practical theology, in which beauty is understood as the quest for a radically different (and paradoxical form of proportion within the experience of pain, horror and destruction. In this sense beauty is not contradicted by the notion of ugliness, but rather indicates the quest for the healing of proportions and the connection between the visual and transcendent meaning. The article takes a brief look at the development of some paradigmatic shifts in practical theological methodology, before discussing possible aesthetical practical theological meanings of beauty. doi: 10.7833/108-1-1

  9. The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification Has No Adverse Impact on Patient Reported Outcomes in Danish Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne Møller; Versteeg, Henneke; Nielsen, Jens C.;

    The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification Has No Adverse Impact on Patient Reported Outcomes in Danish Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients.......The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification Has No Adverse Impact on Patient Reported Outcomes in Danish Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients....

  10. The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification has no adverse impact on patient reported outcomes in Danish implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne Møller; Versteeg, Henneke; Nielsen, Jens C.;

    The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification has no adverse impact on patient reported outcomes in Danish implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients.......The Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Advisory Notification has no adverse impact on patient reported outcomes in Danish implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients....

  11. Fides et ratio: An early enlightenment defence of non-confessional religion by poiret and his circle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.A. Krop (Henri)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractIn 1707 an anonymous collection of treatises Fides et ratio was published in Amsterdam. The voluminous work of several authors contains a fierce critique of Locke's notion of faith and the moderate Enlightenment's conception of a reasonable Christianity. The sympathiser with mystic theol

  12. Fides et ratio: An early enlightenment defence of non-confessional religion by poiret and his circle

    OpenAIRE

    Krop, Henri

    2010-01-01

    textabstractIn 1707 an anonymous collection of treatises Fides et ratio was published in Amsterdam. The voluminous work of several authors contains a fierce critique of Locke's notion of faith and the moderate Enlightenment's conception of a reasonable Christianity. The sympathiser with mystic theology Pierre Poiret (1646-1719) wrote the general introduction. In the preface Poiret outlined a counter philosophy. However, the book deserves the interest of modern scholars because of the notions ...

  13. Defenses under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act: Misinterpretation, Misdirection, and the 1978 Amendments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Player, Mack A.

    1978-01-01

    Three exceptions or defenses to the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 are analyzed--the bona fide occupational qualification, bona fide seniority system, and bona fide benefit plan. Available from Georgia Law Review, University of Georgia School of Law, Athens, Georgia 30602; sc $3.50. (IRT)

  14. The BonaRes Centre - A virtual institute for soil research in the context of a sustainable bio-economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wollschläger, Ute; Helming, Katharina; Heinrich, Uwe; Bartke, Stephan; Kögel-Knabner, Ingrid; Russell, David; Eberhardt, Einar; Vogel, Hans-Jörg

    2016-04-01

    Fertile soils are central resources for the production of biomass and provision of food and energy. A growing world population and latest climate targets lead to an increasing demand for both, food and bio-energy, which require preserving and improving the long-term productivity of soils as a bio-economic resource. At the same time, other soil functions and ecosystem services need to be maintained. To render soil management sustainable, we need to establish a scientific knowledge base about complex soil system processes that allows for the development of model tools to quantitatively predict the impact of a multitude of management measures on soil functions. This, finally, will allow for the provision of site-specific options for sustainable soil management. To face this challenge, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research recently launched the funding program "Soil as a Natural Resource for the Bio-Economy - BonaRes". In a joint effort, ten collaborative projects and the coordinating BonaRes Centre are engaged to close existing knowledge gaps for a profound and systemic understanding of soil functions and their sensitivity to soil management. This presentation provides an overview of the concept of the BonaRes Centre which is responsible for i) setting up a comprehensive data base for soil-related information, ii) the development of model tools aiming to estimate the impact of different management measures on soil functions, and iii) establishing a web-based portal providing decision support tools for a sustainable soil management. A specific focus of the presentation will be laid on the so-called "knowledge-portal" providing the infrastructure for a community effort towards a comprehensive meta-analysis on soil functions as a basis for future model developments.

  15. Guerra e santidade: o cavaleiro-mártir Henrique de Bona e a conquista cristã de Lisboa

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Armando de Sousa

    2005-01-01

    A conquista cristã de Lisboa, em 1147, suscitou a escrita de numerosos testemunhos, desde curtos registos analísticos a longas e detalhadas narrativas, destinados a transmitir e enaltecer, na Cristandade latina, a memória de um dos poucos sucessos militares da Segunda Cruzada. Proveniente do cartório do Mosteiro de S. Vicente, um desses textos, de provável origem teutónica, destaca o martírio dos cruzados mortos em combate contra o Islão, centrando-se particularmente em Henrique de Bona e na ...

  16. Educar para corregir una actitud de los universitarios: el fideísmo Educar para corrigir uma atitude de faculdade: o fideísmo Education to Correct an Attitude among University Students and Teachers: Fideism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Fernando Selles

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se desvela el error de una actitud educativa que acepta taimadamente el "fideísmo": actitud que afecta a muchos universitarios -docentes y discentes- que quieren ser y se consideran a sí mismos como hombres "buenos". Se describe la índole de este yerro, así como algunas de sus usuales manifestaciones universitarias. Se indica que no es una actitud natural humana ni tampoco cristiana, pues es contraria tanto a la razón natural como a la doctrina de la fe. Al final se ofrecen algunas pautas para hacer frente a esta desorientación educativa.Este artigo se revela o erro de uma atitude educativa que dissimuladamente aceita o fideísmo: esta "atitude" afeta a muitos universitários (professores e alunos que querem ser homens "bons" e se consideram como tais. Descreve-se a natureza deste erro e algumas das suas manifestações freqüentes. Afirma-se que não é uma atitude natural do ser humano, nem do cristão, porque é contrária tanto à razão natural e à doutrina da fé. No final se oferecem algumas diretrizes para resolver esta falta de orientação educacional.The article exposes an educational attitude that stubbornly accepts "fideism": an attitude found among many university teachers and students who want to be and regard themselves as "good" men and women. The nature of this error is described, along with some of its more common manifestations in the university environment. Fideism is cited as being neither a natural human attitude, nor a Christian attitude. It is contrary to both natural reasoning and the doctrine of the faith. The article ends with several guidelines on how to deal with this educational disorientation.

  17. Knowledge management review criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents knowledge management review criteria, which are intended to be used by a nuclear power plant operating organization in conducting a self-assessment or an external review of knowledge management functions. Most of these criteria have been used by IAEA experts during the missions on knowledge management at Krsko nuclear power plant, Slovenia and Kozloduy nuclear power plant, Bulgaria. (author)

  18. Plutonium storage criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, D. [Scientech, Inc., Germantown, MD (United States); Ascanio, X. [Dept. of Energy, Germantown, MD (United States)

    1996-05-01

    The Department of Energy has issued a technical standard for long-term (>50 years) storage and will soon issue a criteria document for interim (<20 years) storage of plutonium materials. The long-term technical standard, {open_quotes}Criteria for Safe Storage of Plutonium Metals and Oxides,{close_quotes} addresses the requirements for storing metals and oxides with greater than 50 wt % plutonium. It calls for a standardized package that meets both off-site transportation requirements, as well as remote handling requirements from future storage facilities. The interim criteria document, {open_quotes}Criteria for Interim Safe Storage of Plutonium-Bearing Solid Materials{close_quotes}, addresses requirements for storing materials with less than 50 wt% plutonium. The interim criteria document assumes the materials will be stored on existing sites, and existing facilities and equipment will be used for repackaging to improve the margin of safety.

  19. Integrated Criteria document Chlorophenols

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slooff W; Bremmer HJ; Janus JA; Matthijsen AJCM; van Beelen P; van den Berg R; Bloemen HJT; Canton JH; Eerens HC; Hrubec J; Janssens H; Jumelet JC; Knaap AGAC; de Leeuw FAAM; van der Linden AMA; Loch JPG; van Loveren H; Peijnenburg WJGM; Piersma AH; Struijs J; Taalman RDFM; Theelen RMC; van der Velde JMA; Verburgh JJ; Versteegh JFM; van der Woerd KF

    1991-01-01

    Bij dit rapport behoort een bijlage onder hetzelfde nummer getiteld: "Integrated Criteria document Chlorophenols: Effects:" Auteurs : Janus JA
    Taalman RDFM; Theelen RMC en is de engelse editie van 710401003

  20. Criteria Air Emissions Trends

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Air Emissions Trends site provides national trends of criteria pollutant and precursor emissions data based on the the National Emissions Inventory (NEI) from...

  1. Green Supplier Selection Criteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Izabela Ewa; Banaeian, Narges; Golinska, Paulina;

    2014-01-01

    Green supplier selection (GSS) criteria arise from an organization inclination to respond to any existing trends in environmental issues related to business management and processes, so GSS is integrating environmental thinking into conventional supplier selection. This research is designed to...

  2. Is Bitcoin a Real Currency? An economic appraisal

    OpenAIRE

    David Yermack

    2013-01-01

    A bona fide currency functions as a medium of exchange, a store of value, and a unit of account, but bitcoin largely fails to satisfy these criteria. Bitcoin has achieved only scant consumer transaction volume, with an average well below one daily transaction for the few merchants who accept it. Its volatility is greatly higher than the volatilities of widely used currencies, imposing large short-term risk upon users. Bitcoin's daily exchange rates exhibit virtually zero correlation with wide...

  3. Summarized water quality criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The available world literature from 27 sources on existing water quality criteria are summarized for the 15 main uses of water. The minimum, median and maximum specified values for 96 different determinands are included. Under each water use the criteria are grouped according to the functional significance of the determinands e.g. aesthetic/physical effects, high toxic potential, low toxic potential etc. A synopsis is included summarizing salient facts for each determinand such as the conditions under which it is toxic and its relationship to other determinands. The significance of the criteria is briefly discussed and the importance of considering functional interactions between determinands emphasized in evaluating the potential for toxic or beneficial effects. From the source literature it appears that the toxic potential, in addition to being determined by concentration, is also affected by the origin of the substance concerned, i.e. whether from natural sources or from anthropogenic pollution

  4. Dual Criteria Decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Steffen; Harrison, Glenn W.; Lau, Morten Igel; Rutström, Elisabet E.

    2014-01-01

    The most popular models of decision making use a single criterion to evaluate projects or lotteries. However, decision makers may actually consider multiple criteria when evaluating projects. We consider a dual criteria model from psychology. This model integrates the familiar tradeoffs between...... risk and utility that economists traditionally assume, allowance for rank-dependent decision weights, and consideration of income thresholds. We examine the issues involved in full maximum likelihood estimation of the model using observed choice data. We propose a general method for integrating the...... multiple criteria, using the logic of mixture models, which we believe is attractive from a decision-theoretic and statistical perspective. The model is applied to observed choices from a major natural experiment involving intrinsically dynamic choices over highly skewed outcomes. The evidence points to...

  5. Lung donor selection criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaney, John; Suzuki, Yoshikazu; Cantu, Edward; van Berkel, Victor

    2014-08-01

    The criteria that define acceptable physiologic and social parameters for lung donation have remained constant since their empiric determination in the 1980s. These criteria include a donor age between 25-40, a arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2)/FiO2 ratio greater than 350, no smoking history, a clear chest X-ray, clean bronchoscopy, and a minimal ischemic time. Due to the paucity of organ donors, and the increasing number of patients requiring lung transplant, finding a donor that meets all of these criteria is quite rare. As such, many transplants have been performed where the donor does not meet these stringent criteria. Over the last decade, numerous reports have been published examining the effects of individual acceptance criteria on lung transplant survival and graft function. These studies suggest that there is little impact of the historical criteria on either short or long term outcomes. For age, donors should be within 18 to 64 years old. Gender may relay benefit to all female recipients especially in male to female transplants, although results are mixed in these studies. Race matched donor/recipients have improved outcomes and African American donors convey worse prognosis. Smoking donors may decrease recipient survival post transplant, but provide a life saving opportunity for recipients that may otherwise remain on the transplant waiting list. No specific gram stain or bronchoscopic findings are reflected in recipient outcomes. Chest radiographs are a poor indicator of lung donor function and should not adversely affect organ usage aside for concerns over malignancy. Ischemic time greater than six hours has no documented adverse effects on recipient mortality and should not limit donor retrieval distances. Brain dead donors and deceased donors have equivalent prognosis. Initial PaO2/FiO2 ratios less than 300 should not dissuade donor organ usage, although recruitment techniques should be implemented with intent to transplant. PMID:25132970

  6. Lung donor selection criteria

    OpenAIRE

    Chaney, John; Suzuki, Yoshikazu; Cantu, Edward; van Berkel, Victor

    2014-01-01

    The criteria that define acceptable physiologic and social parameters for lung donation have remained constant since their empiric determination in the 1980s. These criteria include a donor age between 25-40, a arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2)/FiO2 ratio greater than 350, no smoking history, a clear chest X-ray, clean bronchoscopy, and a minimal ischemic time. Due to the paucity of organ donors, and the increasing number of patients requiring lung transplant, finding a donor that me...

  7. Topological criteria for schlichtness

    OpenAIRE

    Teitler, Zach

    2010-01-01

    We give two sufficient criteria for schlichtness of envelopes of holomorphy in terms of topology. These are weakened converses of results of Kerner and Royden. Our first criterion generalizes a result of Hammond in dimension 2. Along the way we also prove a generalization of Royden's theorem.

  8. Robustness - acceptance criteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rizzuto, Enrico; Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Kroon, Inger B.

    2010-01-01

    This factsheet describes the general framework on the bases of which acceptance criteria for requirements on the robustness of structures can be set. Such framework is based on the more general concept of risk-based assessment of engineering systems. The present factsheet is to be seen in...

  9. dynamique fonctionnelle du systѐme descriptif dans La Ville d’Hiver de Dominique Bona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noha Salah El Din Awad

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available La description a été longtemps considérée comme une pause dans le déroulement des événements.Elle a donc toujours couru le risque de correspondre à un silence diégétique voire  à un surplus informationnel. Mais, avec les romans réalistes et naturalistes, on est parvenu à brouiller les frontières entre le statisme descriptif et le dynamisme narratif. Dorénavant,dans la description,le lecteur attend non pas la déclinaison d'un paradigme de mots latents,mais la mise en scène d'une séquence parfaitement intégrée à la trame narrative. Dans cette optique,le but de notre étude sera de montrer comment la description sort de son statisme pour acquérir un dynamisme fonctionnel particulier et ce à travers  La Ville d'hiver de Dominique Bona.Ce roman raconte l'histoire de Sarah qui brosse un tableau vif des divers paysages de La Ville d'hiver et de la villa Teresa où elle décide de séjourner. Les séquences descriptives de ces paysages reposent sur un système descriptif qui développe trois questions:l'insertion du thème titre ou la motivation de la parution de l'objet décrit,son fonctionnement qui renvoie à la superstructure descriptive par le biais de deux macro-opérations ,l'aspectualisation et la mise en relation,et ses fonctions. Ce système gagne de l'ampleur grâce  aux  visées illocutoires et  aux effets perlocutoires de la villa et de la Ville qui entrent en correspondance et évoluent le parcours actionnel de l’héroïne . Bref,avec La Ville d'hiver la description se transforme en un acte pragmatique  qui apporte,pour une grande part, sa contribution à l'intelligibilité narrative.

  10. Intelligent intefrace design criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Optimum adequation between control means and the capacities of the teams of operators is sought for to achieve computerization of control and monitoring interfaces. Observation of the diagnosis activity of populations of operators in incident situations on a simulator enables design criteria well-suited to the characteristics of the detection, interpretation of symptoms and incident location tasks to be defined. A software tool based on a qualitative approach enables the design process to be systematized

  11. Web site Evaluation Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojdgan binesh

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The ever-increasing evolution of the Internet and the growing number of the resources accessible through this medium, has turned the issue of resource evaluation of the internet-based information into a controversial and cogent issue. By nature, the internet milieu is uncontrollable. It concomitantly contains both verifiable and unverifiable information. Thus it behooves the internet users to develop resource evaluation and critical thinking skills in order to discern appropriate quality resources. Through review and comparison of the available checklists, the present paper endeavors to offer criteria for website evaluation

  12. Human Systems Design Criteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    1982-01-01

    This paper deals with the problem of designing more humanised computer systems. This problem can be formally described as the need for defining human design criteria, which — if used in the design process - will secure that the systems designed get the relevant qualities. That is not only the...... necessary functional qualities but also the needed human qualities. The author's main argument is, that the design process should be a dialectical synthesis of the two points of view: Man as a System Component, and System as Man's Environment. Based on a man's presentation of the state of the art a set of...

  13. National Recommended Water Quality Criteria

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The National Recommended Water Quality Criteria is a compilation of national recommended water quality criteria for the protection of aquatic life and human health...

  14. Safety and reliability criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plants and, in particular, reactor pressure boundary components have unique reliability requirements, in that usually no significant redundancy is possible, and a single failure can give rise to possible widespread core damage and fission product release. Reliability may be required for availability or safety reasons, but in the case of the pressure boundary and certain other systems safety may dominate. Possible Safety and Reliability (S and R) criteria are proposed which would produce acceptable reactor design. Without some S and R requirement the designer has no way of knowing how far he must go in analysing his system or component, or whether his proposed solution is likely to gain acceptance. The paper shows how reliability targets for given components and systems can be individually considered against the derived S and R criteria at the design and construction stage. Since in the case of nuclear pressure boundary components there is often very little direct experience on which to base reliability studies, relevant non-nuclear experience is examined. (author)

  15. Laser Safety Inspection Criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A responsibility of the Laser Safety Officer (LSO) is to perform laser safety audits. The American National Standard Z136.1 Safe use of Lasers references this requirement in several sections: (1) Section 1.3.2 LSO Specific Responsibilities states under Hazard Evaluation, ''The LSO shall be responsible for hazards evaluation of laser work areas''; (2) Section 1.3.2.8, Safety Features Audits, ''The LSO shall ensure that the safety features of the laser installation facilities and laser equipment are audited periodically to assure proper operation''; and (3) Appendix D, under Survey and Inspections, it states, ''the LSO will survey by inspection, as considered necessary, all areas where laser equipment is used''. Therefore, for facilities using Class 3B and or Class 4 lasers, audits for laser safety compliance are expected to be conducted. The composition, frequency and rigueur of that inspection/audit rests in the hands of the LSO. A common practice for institutions is to develop laser audit checklists or survey forms. In many institutions, a sole Laser Safety Officer (LSO) or a number of Deputy LSO's perform these audits. For that matter, there are institutions that request users to perform a self-assessment audit. Many items on the common audit list and the associated findings are subjective because they are based on the experience and interest of the LSO or auditor in particular items on the checklist. Beam block usage is an example; to one set of eyes a particular arrangement might be completely adequate, while to another the installation may be inadequate. In order to provide more consistency, the National Ignition Facility Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (NIF-LLNL) has established criteria for a number of items found on the typical laser safety audit form. These criteria are distributed to laser users, and they serve two broad purposes: first, it gives the user an expectation of what will be reviewed by an auditor, and second, it is an

  16. Decision criteria in PSA applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Along with the adoption of risk informed decision making principles, the need for formal probabilistic decision rule or criteria has been risen. However, there are many practical and theoretical problems in the application of probabilistic criteria. One has to think what is the proper way to apply probabilistic rules together with deterministic ones and how the criteria are weighted with respect to each other. In this report, we approach the above questions from the decision theoretic point of view. We give a short review of the most well known probabilistic criteria, and discuss examples of their use. We present a decision analytic framework for evaluating the criteria, and we analyse how the different criteria behave under incompleteness or uncertainty of the PSA model. As the conclusion of our analysis we give recommendations on the application of the criteria in different decision situations. (au)

  17. Decision criteria in PSA applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holmberg, J.E.; Pulkkinen, U.; Rosqvist, T.; Simola, K. [VTT Automation (Finland)

    2001-11-01

    Along with the adoption of risk informed decision making principles, the need for formal probabilistic decision rule or criteria has been risen. However, there are many practical and theoretical problems in the application of probabilistic criteria. One has to think what is the proper way to apply probabilistic rules together with deterministic ones and how the criteria are weighted with respect to each other. In this report, we approach the above questions from the decision theoretic point of view. We give a short review of the most well known probabilistic criteria, and discuss examples of their use. We present a decision analytic framework for evaluating the criteria, and we analyse how the different criteria behave under incompleteness or uncertainty of the PSA model. As the conclusion of our analysis we give recommendations on the application of the criteria in different decision situations. (au)

  18. Universal Steering Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Huangjun; Hayashi, Masahito; Chen, Lin

    2016-02-01

    We propose a general framework for constructing universal steering criteria that are applicable to arbitrary bipartite states and measurement settings of the steering party. The same framework is also useful for studying the joint measurement problem. Based on the data-processing inequality for an extended Rényi relative entropy, we then introduce a family of steering inequalities, which detect steering much more efficiently than those inequalities known before. As illustrations, we show unbounded violation of a steering inequality for assemblages constructed from mutually unbiased bases and establish an interesting connection between maximally steerable assemblages and complete sets of mutually unbiased bases. We also provide a single steering inequality that can detect all bipartite pure states of full Schmidt rank. In the course of study, we generalize a number of results intimately connected to data-processing inequalities, which are of independent interest.

  19. Laser Safety Inspection Criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A responsibility of the Laser Safety Officer (LSO) is to perform laser audits. The American National Standard Z136.1 Safe Use of Lasers references this requirement through several sections. One such reference is Section 1.3.2.8, Safety Features Audits, ''The LSO shall ensure that the safety features of the laser installation facilities and laser equipment are audited periodically to assure proper operation''. The composition, frequency and rigor of that inspection/audit rests in the hands of the LSO. A common practice for institutions is to develop laser audit checklists or survey forms It is common for audit findings from one inspector or inspection to the next to vary even when reviewing the same material. How often has one heard a comment, ''well this area has been inspected several times over the years and no one ever said this or that was a problem before''. A great number of audit items, and therefore findings, are subjective because they are based on the experience and interest of the auditor to particular items on the checklist. Beam block usage, to one set of eyes might be completely adequate, while to another, inadequate. In order to provide consistency, the Laser Safety Office of the National Ignition Facility Directorate has established criteria for a number of items found on the typical laser safety audit form. The criteria are distributed to laser users. It serves two broad purposes; first, it gives the user an expectation of what will be reviewed by an auditor. Second, it is an opportunity to explain audit items to the laser user and thus the reasons for some of these items, such as labelling of beam blocks

  20. Domates, biber, patlıcan ve karpuzda tohum çimlenme hızının fide kalitesine etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    LÖKOĞLU, Nurten

    2010-01-01

      Domateste (Solanum esculentum Mill.) H2274, biberde (Capsicum annuum L.) Kandil dolma, patlıcanda (Solanum melongena L.) Kemer, karpuzda (Citrullus lanatus Thunb.Matsum and Nakai) Crimson Sweet çeşitleri kullanılan araştırmada amaç çimlenme sürecinde farklı saatlerde elde edilen kökçük çimlenme yüzdesinin fide çıkış oranıyla ne derece ilişkilendirilebileceğidir. Araştır...

  1. FHR Generic Design Criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flanagan, G.F.; Holcomb, D.E.; Cetiner, S.M.

    2012-06-15

    The purpose of this document is to provide an initial, focused reference to the safety characteristics of and a licensing approach for Fluoride-Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors (FHRs). The document does not contain details of particular reactor designs nor does it attempt to identify or classify either design basis or beyond design basis accidents. Further, this document is an initial attempt by a small set of subject matter experts to document the safety and licensing characteristics of FHRs for a larger audience. The document is intended to help in setting the safety and licensing research, development, and demonstration path forward. Input from a wider audience, further technical developments, and additional study will be required to develop a consensus position on the safety and licensing characteristics of FHRs. This document begins with a brief overview of the attributes of FHRs and then a general description of their anticipated safety performance. Following this, an overview of the US nuclear power plant approval process is provided that includes both test and power reactors, as well as the role of safety standards in the approval process. The document next describes a General Design Criteria (GDC)–based approach to licensing an FHR and provides an initial draft set of FHR GDCs. The document concludes with a description of a path forward toward developing an FHR safety standard that can support both a test and power reactor licensing process.

  2. FHR Generic Design Criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flanagan, George F [ORNL; Holcomb, David Eugene [ORNL; Cetiner, Sacit M [ORNL

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide an initial, focused reference to the safety characteristics of and a licensing approach for Fluoride-Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors (FHRs). The document does not contain details of particular reactor designs nor does it attempt to identify or classify either design basis or beyond design basis accidents. Further, this document is an initial attempt by a small set of subject matter experts to document the safety and licensing characteristics of FHRs for a larger audience. The document is intended to help in setting the safety and licensing research, development, and demonstration path forward. Input from a wider audience, further technical developments, and additional study will be required to develop a consensus position on the safety and licensing characteristics of FHRs. This document begins with a brief overview of the attributes of FHRs and then a general description of their anticipated safety performance. Following this, an overview of the US nuclear power plant approval process is provided that includes both test and power reactors, as well as the role of safety standards in the approval process. The document next describes a General Design Criteria (GDC) - based approach to licensing an FHR and provides an initial draft set of FHR GDCs. The document concludes with a description of a path forward toward developing an FHR safety standard that can support both a test and power reactor licensing process.

  3. Criteria for performance evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David J. Weiss

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Using a cognitive task (mental calculation and a perceptual-motor task (stylized golf putting, we examined differential proficiency using the CWS index and several other quantitative measures of performance. The CWS index (Weiss and Shanteau, 2003 is a coherence criterion that looks only at internal properties of the data without incorporating an external standard. In Experiment 1, college students (n = 20 carried out 2- and 3-digit addition and multiplication problems under time pressure. In Experiment 2, experienced golfers (n = 12, also college students, putted toward a target from nine different locations. Within each experiment, we analyzed the same responses using different methods. For the arithmetic tasks, accuracy information (mean absolute deviation from the correct answer, MAD using a coherence criterion was available; for golf, accuracy information using a correspondence criterion (mean deviation from the target, also MAD was available. We ranked the performances of the participants according to each measure, then compared the orders using Spearman's rextsubscript{s}. For mental calculation, the CWS order correlated moderately (rextsubscript{s} =.46 with that of MAD. However, a different coherence criterion, degree of model fit, did not correlate with either CWS or accuracy. For putting, the ranking generated by CWS correlated .68 with that generated by MAD. Consensual answers were also available for both experiments, and the rankings they generated correlated highly with those of MAD. The coherence vs. correspondence distinction did not map well onto criteria for performance evaluation.

  4. Criteria for decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the authors describe three risk acceptability criteria as parts of a strategy to clean up decommissioned facilities, related to both the status quo and to a variety of alternative technical clean-up options. The acceptability of risk is a consideration that must enter into any decision to establish when a site is properly decommissioned. To do so, both the corporate and public aspects of the acceptability issue must be considered. The reasons for discussion the acceptability of risk are to: Legitimize the process for making cleanup decisions; Determine who is at risk, who benefits, and who bears the costs of site cleanup, for each specific cleanup option, including the do nothing option; Establish those factors that, taken as a whole, determine measures of acceptability; Determine chemical-specific aggregate and individual risk levels; and Establish levels for cleanup. The choice of these reasons is pragmatic. The method consistent with these factors is risk-risk-effectiveness: the level of cleanup must be consistent with the foreseeable use of the site and budget constraints. Natural background contamination is the level below which further cleanup is generally inefficient. Case-by-case departures from natural background are to be considered depending on demonstrated risk. For example, a hot spot is obviously a prima facie exception, but should be rebuttable. Rebuttability means that, through consensus, the ''hot spot'' is shown not to be associated with exposure

  5. ПРОБЛЕМА ВОЗНИКНОВЕНИЯ ПРАВА СОБСТВЕННОСТИ У ДОБРОСОВЕСТНОГО ПРИОБРЕТАТЕЛЯ

    OpenAIRE

    Хореев, И.

    2007-01-01

    In the article the author analyzes Russian civil code norms about property right in case of bona fide purchaser if property can not be vindicated. The author gives theoretical grounds and makes conclusions about the opportunity and expediency of clause 302 of Russian Civil code being a ground for bona fide purchaser's property right arising.

  6. 78 FR 52501 - Glycine From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Rescission of Antidumping Duty New...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ... the order; see also Antidumping Duty Order: Glycine From the People's Republic of China, 60 FR 16116... conducted a detailed bona fides analysis for these preliminary results due to the preliminary decision that... new shipper review as detailed above, we will conduct a full bona fides analysis of Donghua...

  7. 8 CFR 216.4 - Joint petition to remove conditional basis of lawful permanent resident status for alien spouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Act and 8 CFR part 239. The alien's lawful permanent resident status shall be terminated as of the... third parties having knowledge of the bona fides of the marital relationship, the petitioner must...) Affidavits of third parties having knowledge of the bona fides of the marital relationship, or (vi)...

  8. 76 FR 45230 - Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ... FR 24857 (May 3, 2011) (Preliminary Intent to Rescind). Statutory Time Limits Section 751(a)(2)(B)(iv... received additional information regarding the bona fides of the new shippers' sales. The Department needs... bona fides of the sales under review. Therefore, in accordance with section 751(a)(2)(B)(iv) of the...

  9. 76 FR 19322 - Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Rescission of Antidumping Duty New Shipper Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-07

    ... Part, 75 FR 69415 (November 12, 2010) (Preliminary Results). The reviews covered three respondents... all issues except the bona fides of Huachao's and Yuanxin's respective sales. On February 8, 2011... February 18, 2011, the Department issued the briefing schedule for briefs addressing only the bona fides...

  10. Radioactive waste package acceptance criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preliminary acceptance criteria have been developed for packages containing nuclear waste which must be stored or disposed of by the US Department of Energy. Acceptance criteria are necessary to ensure that the waste packages are compatible with all elements of the Waste Management System. The acceptance criteria are subject to revision since many of the constraints that will be imposed on the waste packages by the Waste Management System have either not been defined or are being revised. Delineation of the acceptance criteria will provide bases for handling, transporting and disposing of the commercial waste

  11. Criteria for substantiating claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggett, Peter J

    2007-01-01

    Claims are used to support public health advocacy and marketing. Their evidence base is variable. Claims are made on (i) nutrient content, (ii) comparative merits, (iii) health benefits, and (iv) medical benefits. Experience with therapeutic agents has aided the development of recommendations for the substantiation of health claims for foods and food components, with which dietary supplements would be included. An EU Concerted Activity, Functional Food Science in Europe, suggested that such claims should be based on the general outcomes of 'enhanced function' and 'reduced risk of disease'. A further EU Concerted Activity, The Process for the Assessment of Scientific Support for Claims on Foods, proposed that the evidence base should provide: a characterization of the food or food component to which the claimed effect is attributed; human data, primarily from intervention studies that represent the target populations for the claim; a dose-response relationship: evidence of allowing for confounders including lifestyle, consumption patterns, background diet and food matrix; an appropriate duration for the study; a measure of compliance; and have adequate statistical power to test the hypothesis. When ideal endpoints are not easily accessible for measurement, validated and quality assured markers of the intermediate or final outcomes could be used, as long as their relationship is well characterized. Overall, the totality and coherence of published and unpublished evidence should be considered. Assessments for substantiation need expert judgement, weighting of the strength of the claim, and intelligent use of the criteria applied on an individual basis with respect both to gaps in knowledge and to any need for new knowledge and data. PMID:17913223

  12. MHD-ETF design criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Retallick, F.D.

    1978-04-01

    This document establishes criteria to be utilized for the design of a pilot-scale (150 to 300 MW thermal) open cycle, coal-fired MHD/steam plant. Criteria for this Engineering Test Facility (ETF) are presented relative to plant siting, plant engineering and operations, MHD-ETF testing, costing and scheduling.

  13. New Criteria to Identify Spectrum

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Jensen; M Krishna

    2005-05-01

    In this paper we give some new criteria for identifying the components of a probability measure, in its Lebesgue decomposition. This enables us to give new criteria to identify spectral types of self-adjoint operators on Hilbert spaces, especially those of interest.

  14. Principles and Criteria for Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beghin, D.; Cervetto, D.; Hansen, Peter Friis

    1997-01-01

    The mandate of ISSC Committee IV.1 on principles and Criteria for Design is to report on the following:The ongoing concern for quantification of general economic and safety criteria for marine structures and for the development of appropriate principles for rational life cycle design using such...

  15. Peer Assessment without Assessment Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Ian; Alcock, Lara

    2014-01-01

    Peer assessment typically requires students to judge peers' work against assessment criteria. We tested an alternative approach in which students judged pairs of scripts against one another in the absence of assessment criteria. First year mathematics undergraduates (N?=?194) sat a written test on conceptual understanding of multivariable…

  16. User perspectives on relevance criteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maglaughlin, Kelly L.; Sonnenwald, Diane H.

    2002-01-01

    , partially relevant, or not relevant to their information need; and explained their decisions in an interview. Analysis revealed 29 criteria, discussed positively and negatively, that were used by the participants when selecting passages that contributed or detracted from a document's relevance. These...... criteria can be grouped into six categories: abstract (e.g., citability, informativeness), author (e.g., novelty, discipline, affiliation, perceived status), content (e.g., accuracy/validity, background, novelty, contrast, depth/scope, domain, citations, links, relevant to other interests, rarity, subject...... relevant, and not-relevant judgments, and that most criteria can have either a positive or negative contribution to the relevance of a document. The criteria most frequently mentioned by study participants were content, followed by criteria characterizing the full text document. These findings may have...

  17. Failure Criteria for Reinforced Materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathkjen, Arne

    Failure of materials is often characterized as ductile yielding, brittle fracture, creep rupture, etc., and different criteria given in terms of different parameters have been used to describe different types of failure. Only criteria expressing failure in terms of stress are considered in what...... place until the matrix, the continuous component of the composite, fails. When an isotropic matrix is reinforced as described above, the result is an anisotropic composite material. Even if the material is anisotropic, it usually exhibits a rather high degree of symmetry and such symmetries place...... certain restrictions on the form of the failure criteria for anisotropic materials. In section 2, some failure criteria for homogenous materials are reviewed. Both isotropic and anisotropic materials are described, and in particular the constraints imposed on the criteria from the symmetries orthotropy...

  18. Selection of donor and organ viability criteria: expanding donation criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez, E; Andrés, A

    2007-01-01

    Donation criteria have been becoming more flexible over the years. Currently, the only absolute exclusion criteria are human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV), uncontrolled tumor disease and bacterial or viral infections. ClinicaL. conditions dictate organ viability criteria: biochemical, morphological and functional, that must be fulfilled by the donors and their organs in order to focus the decision on which donor organs can be used. These criteria attempt to assure that the transplanted organs function after the extraction, transformation, implantation and reperfusion process without transmitting any infectious or tumour disease. In recent years, the gross and microscopic appearance has become one of the fundamental criteria for selection of potentially viable organs. At present, there is no age limit for hepatic and renal donation; the principal contra-indication is chronic organ damage. The use of each organ must be decided individually after a profound analysis of all the viability criteria, weighing the advantages and disadvantages of the implant of a certain organ for the recipient. PMID:17702512

  19. 15 February 2012 - Geneva United Nations Office Director-General K.-J. Tokayev in the LHC tunnel with Adviser for Relations with international organisations M. Bona and Technology Department Head F. Bordry.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, director-general of the United Nations Office at Geneva, (centre picture 02), visited CERN on 15 February. He toured the LHC tunnel with Maurizio Bona, CERN’s adviser to the director-general, relations with international organizations, left, and Frédérick Bordry, CERN’s technology department head. He also visited the ATLAS underground experimental area, as well as the exhibition at the Globe of Science and Innovation.

  20. How Turkey Meets MPOWER Criteria?

    OpenAIRE

    Nazmi Bilir; Hilal Ozcebe

    2013-01-01

    In 2003 World Health Assembly adopted an international treaty on tobacco control; FCTC, Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Five year later World Health Organization (WHO) declared the six effective approach for tobacco control, under the name of MPOWER. In the following years, WHO evaluated the level of implementation of MPOWER criteria in the countries. In this article, how Turkey implemented these six criteria will be discussed. Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies: Monitoring ...

  1. Reliability criteria for voltage stability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, Carson W.; Silverstein, Brian L. [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States)

    1994-12-31

    In face of costs pressures, there is need to allocate scare resources more effectively in order to achieve voltage stability. This naturally leads to development of probabilistic criteria and notions of rick management. In this paper it is presented a discussion about criteria for long term voltage stability limited to the case in which the time frames are topically several minutes. (author) 14 refs., 1 fig.

  2. Toxic chemical risk acceptance criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents recommendations of a subcommittee of the Westinghouse M ampersand 0 Nuclear Facility Safety Committee concerning toxic chemical risk acceptance criteria. Two sets of criteria have been developed, one for use in the hazard classification of facilities, and the second for use in comparing risks in DOE non-reactor nuclear facility Safety Analysis Reports. The Emergency Response Planning Guideline (ERPG) values are intended to provide estimates of concentration ranges for specific chemicals above which exposure would be expected to lead to adverse heath effects of increasing severity for ERPG-1, -2, and -3s. The subcommittee recommends that criteria for hazard class or risk range be based on ERPGs for all chemicals. Probability-based Incremental Cancer Risk (ICR) criteria are recommended for additional analyses of risks from all known or suspected human carcinogens. Criteria are given for both on-site and off-site exposure. The subcommittee also recommends that the 5-minute peak concentration be compared with the relevant criterion with no adjustment for exposure time. Since ERPGs are available for only a limited number of chemicals, the subcommittee has developed a proposed hierarchy of concentration limit parameters for the different criteria

  3. Hepatocellular carcinoma beyond Milan criteria: Management and transplant selection criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elshamy, Mohammed; Aucejo, Federico; Menon, K V Narayanan; Eghtesad, Bijan

    2016-07-28

    Liver transplantation (LT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been established as a standard treatment in selected patients for the last two and a half decades. After initially dismal outcomes, the Milan criteria (MC) (single HCC ≤ 5 cm or up to 3 HCCs ≤ 3 cm) have been adopted worldwide to select HCC patients for LT, however cumulative experience has shown that MC can be too strict. This has led to the development of numerous expanded criteria worldwide. Morphometric expansions on MC as well as various criteria which incorporate biomarkers as surrogates of tumor biology have been described. HCC that presents beyond MC initially can be downstaged with locoregional therapy (LRT). Post-LRT monitoring aims to identify candidates with favorable tumor behavior. Similarly, tumor marker levels as response to LRT has been utilized as surrogate of tumor biology. Molecular signatures of HCC have also been correlated to outcomes; these have yet to be incorporated into HCC-LT selection criteria formally. The ongoing discrepancy between organ demand and supply makes patient selection the most challenging element of organ allocation. Further validation of extended HCC-LT criteria models and pre-LT treatment strategies are required. PMID:27478537

  4. Hepatocellular carcinoma beyond Milan criteria: Management and transplant selection criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elshamy, Mohammed; Aucejo, Federico; Menon, K V Narayanan; Eghtesad, Bijan

    2016-01-01

    Liver transplantation (LT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been established as a standard treatment in selected patients for the last two and a half decades. After initially dismal outcomes, the Milan criteria (MC) (single HCC ≤ 5 cm or up to 3 HCCs ≤ 3 cm) have been adopted worldwide to select HCC patients for LT, however cumulative experience has shown that MC can be too strict. This has led to the development of numerous expanded criteria worldwide. Morphometric expansions on MC as well as various criteria which incorporate biomarkers as surrogates of tumor biology have been described. HCC that presents beyond MC initially can be downstaged with locoregional therapy (LRT). Post-LRT monitoring aims to identify candidates with favorable tumor behavior. Similarly, tumor marker levels as response to LRT has been utilized as surrogate of tumor biology. Molecular signatures of HCC have also been correlated to outcomes; these have yet to be incorporated into HCC-LT selection criteria formally. The ongoing discrepancy between organ demand and supply makes patient selection the most challenging element of organ allocation. Further validation of extended HCC-LT criteria models and pre-LT treatment strategies are required.

  5. OSCILLATION CRITERIA FOR FORCED SUPERLINEAR DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Using Riccati transformation techniques,some oscillation criteria for the forced second-order superlinear difference equations are established.These criteria are dis- crete analogues of the criteria for differential equations proposed by Yan.

  6. Decision modeling and acceptance criteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ditlevsen, Ove Dalager

    2003-01-01

    formulation of decision criteria and public acceptance criteria connected to risk analysis of technical operations that may endanger human life and property. Public restrictions on the decisions concerning the design, construction and managing of the technical operation have in the past been imposed on the......, Ronold K. Societal indicators and risk acceptance. In: 17th International Conference on Offshote Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, number OMAE98-1488. ASME; 1998; Rackwitz R. Optimization and risk acceptability based on the Life Quality Index. Structural Safety 2002;24;297-331.). Keywords: Acceptance...

  7. Relative Egalitarianism and Related Criteria

    OpenAIRE

    Sprumont, Yves

    2009-01-01

    We reconsider the problem of aggregating individual preference orderings into a single social ordering when alternatives are lotteries and individual preferences are of the von Neumann-Morgenstern type. Relative egalitarianism ranks alternatives by applying the leximin ordering to the distributions of (0-1) normalized utilities they generate. We propose an axiomatic characterization of this aggregation rule and discuss related criteria.

  8. Entrepreneurship Support: analysis criteria solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Janna Korneva; Tatyana Ismailova

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the problems of small and medium business in Russia at all levels of the state. The criteria of assessment of the level of the medium to support entrepreneurship. The advantages and disadvantages of using the model of open innovation in the development of entrepreneurship.

  9. Accident analysis and DOE criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In analyzing the radiological consequences of major accidents at DOE facilities one finds that many facilities fall so far below the limits of DOE Order 6430 that compliance is easily demonstrated by simple analysis. For those cases where the amount of radioactive material and the dispersive energy available are enough for accident consequences to approach the limits, the models and assumptions used become critical. In some cases the models themselves are the difference between meeting the criteria or not meeting them. Further, in one case, we found that not only did the selection of models determine compliance but the selection of applicable criteria from different chapters of Order 6430 also made the difference. DOE has recognized the problem of different criteria in different chapters applying to one facility, and has proceeded to make changes for the sake of consistency. We have proposed to outline the specific steps needed in an accident analysis and suggest appropriate models, parameters, and assumptions. As a result we feed DOE siting and design criteria will be more fairly and consistently applied

  10. Entrepreneurship Support: analysis criteria solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janna Korneva

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the problems of small and medium business in Russia at all levels of the state. The criteria of assessment of the level of the medium to support entrepreneurship. The advantages and disadvantages of using the model of open innovation in the development of entrepreneurship.

  11. TRUCK DISPATCHING CRITERIA AND THEIR APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张幼蒂; 李曙光

    1990-01-01

    Along with the development of automatical truck dispatching in open pits, it is important to establish genera1-purpose criteria for truck dispatching optimization. The existing dispatching criteria are briefly intrcdaced and optimal dispatching criteria for different haulage systems are recommended. Obvious economic results have been obtained from case studies applying tile recommended dispatching criteria.

  12. Good Criteria for Supply Chain Performance Measurement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Kusrini

    2014-03-01

    conducted by distributing questionnaires to supply chain actors from different industry fields (both manufacturing and services in Indonesia using random sampling techniques. Data analysis using pairwise comparisons with an analytical Hierarchy Process model showed that efficient criteria were more important than effective criteria. Efficient criteria consisted of three sub-criteria: the amount of data is not too much and low cost and output is presented in a simple form. Effective criteria consisted of the criteria in the order of importance as follows: clarity, validity, comprehensiveness, responsiveness and dynamics. Further research is needed for developing a model that meets these criteria

  13. Appropriate technology. [Criteria and recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McRobie, G.

    1979-08-01

    The impact of technology transfers on the work force of developing countries can, if the technology is inappropriate to the needs and expectations of the country, lead to mass migration to urban areas and the creation of social, economic, and environmental problems that defy solution. The concept of intermedite technology, as espoused by E.F. Schumacher, is explained as appropriate if it meets most of the criteria of relative smallness, simplicity, capital cheapness, and nonviolence. These criteria are applied to several industries (construction, sugar production, cotton spinning, soap, and mini-hydro) to illustrate what is already occurring in some areas to scale down some large-scale technologies and to scale up some village technologies. Infrastructure planning, alternatives to bureaucracy, and contributions available to large industrial firms are suggested. 9 references.

  14. Decision modeling and acceptance criteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ditlevsen, Ove Dalager

    2003-01-01

    formulation of decision criteria and public acceptance criteria connected to risk analysis of technical operations that may endanger human life and property. Public restrictions on the decisions concerning the design, construction and managing of the technical operation have in the past been imposed on the...... expected gain rate. The public money equivalent of a human life is assessed by use of a recently in (Nathwani JS, Lind NC, Pandey MD. Afordable safety by choice: the life quality method. Waterloo, Ontario, Canada: Institute for Risk Research, University of Waterloo, 1997) suggested Life Quality Index (LQI......) that combines wealth in terms of Gross Domestic Product per person, life expectancy at birth, and yearly work time into a single number. The philosophy behind the published evaluations is that the prevention of a loss of a life is counteracted by a cost such that the LQI remains unchanged (Skjong R...

  15. New facility shield design criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the criteria presented here is to provide standard guidance for the design of nuclear radiation shields thoughout new facilities. These criteria are required to assure a consistent and integrated design that can be operated safely and economically within the DOE standards. The scope of this report is confined to the consideration of radiation shielding for contained sources. The whole body dose limit established by the DOE applies to all doses which are generally distributed throughout the trunk of the body. Therefore, where the whole body is the critical organ for an internally deposited radionuclide, the whole body dose limit applies to the sum of doses received must assure control of the concentration of radionuclides in the building atmosphere and thereby limit the dose from internal sources

  16. Quantum Cryptography: Security Criteria Revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Kaszlikowski, D; Liang, Y C; Kwek, L C; Englert, Berthold-Georg; Kaszlikowski, Dagomir; Gopinathan, Ajay; Liang, Yeong Cherng; Englert, Berthold-Georg

    2003-01-01

    We find that the generally accepted security criteria are flawed for a whole class of protocols for quantum cryptography. This is so because a standard assumption of the security analysis, namely that the so-called square-root measurement is optimal for eavesdropping purposes, is not true in general. There are rather large parameter regimes in which the optimal measurement extracts substantially more information than the square-root measurement.

  17. Residual activity criteria for decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission development of criteria for release of facilities and sites for unrestricted use following decommissioning is described. Residual activity limits for both materials and soil are covered. The objectives are: small risk of exposure, consistency with relevant existing standards, and feasibility of demonstration of compliance by measurement. Specific aspects discussed related to establishment of limits are: appropriate risk and dose limits, identification of radionuclides to be considered, dose assessment methodology, and confirmatory measurements

  18. Claim problems and egalitarian criteria

    OpenAIRE

    Arin, Javier; Benito Ostolaza, Juan Miguel

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents a unified framework where claim and cost sharing problems are jointly analyzed. Both problems have the following common characteristic: given a proposal the agents valuate the suitability of the proposal in two ways, checking how much they loss and how much they gain. Taking this into account, we construct the vector of awards and losses for any proposal and we use different egalitarian criteria to select among these vectors. We use the Lorenz, the Least Square and the lexi...

  19. Repository operational criteria comparative analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hageman, J.P.; Chowdhury, A.H. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses

    1994-06-01

    The objective of the ``Repository Operational Criteria (ROC) Feasibility Studies`` (or ROC task) was to conduct comprehensive and integrated analyses of repository design, construction, and operations criteria in 10 CFR Part 60 regulations considering the interfaces among the components of the regulations and impacts of any potential changes to those regulations. The ROC task addresses regulatory criteria and uncertainties related to the preclosure aspects of the geologic repository. Those parts of 10 CFR Part 60 that require routine guidance or minor changes to the rule were addressed in Hageman and Chowdhury, 1992. The ROC task shows a possible need for further regulatory clarity, by major changes to the rule, related to the design bases and siting of a geologic repository operations area and radiological emergency planning in order to assure defense-in-depth. The analyses, presented in this report, resulted in the development and refinement of regulatory concepts and their supporting rationale for recommendations for potential major changes to 10 CFR Pan 0 regulations.

  20. How Turkey Meets MPOWER Criteria?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazmi Bilir

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In 2003 World Health Assembly adopted an international treaty on tobacco control; FCTC, Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Five year later World Health Organization (WHO declared the six effective approach for tobacco control, under the name of MPOWER. In the following years, WHO evaluated the level of implementation of MPOWER criteria in the countries. In this article, how Turkey implemented these six criteria will be discussed. Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies: Monitoring of tobacco use prevalence has been successfully monitored in Turkey through Global Adult Tobacco Survey, Global Youth Tobacco Survey and Health Professionals Tobacco Use Survey. Nevertheless, monitoring of tobacco industry activities was not successfully implemented. Protect people from tobacco smoke: Smoking was banned in most of the indoor public places in Turkey since 1996, and Turkey became a complete smoke-free country by the exposion of smoke-free places including the hospitality workplaces in 2008. Offer help to quit tobacco use: Although smoking cessation services has been a bit late in Turkey, availability of smoking cessation drugs and the establishment of free quitline services made Turkey successful in this regard. Warn about the dangers of tobacco: Since 1996, all TV channels have a duty of broadcasting programs on harms of tobacco use, not less than 90 minutes in a month and it has been implemented successfully. Additionally written messages indicating harms of tobacco has been printed on the packs since 1988 and pictures was added in 2010. But since the average surface area covered by the messages in less than 50% of the total surface of the pack, Turkey was not regarded as to meet the requirement. Enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship: All kinds of tobacco advertisement and promotion was banned by the Law in 1996. But the tobacco products was not in closed boxes at the sales points. Turkey was not found as successful

  1. Quality criteria for landscape visualisation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The rapid expansion of wind energy utilisation in Western Europe can strain the limits of social acceptance with citizens living in wind development areas. One of the problems wind farm engineers and local authorities face is the visual impact of wind turbines. To determine the influence on the landscape visualisations of wind farms photorealistic compositions are used. In many cases it is part of the planning procedure. The quality of this visualization can strongly influence the success of the permission procedure. We will give criteria which can give help to reduce the possibility of unwanted manipulations. (author)

  2. Quality Criteria for Propolis Standardization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Stan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Propolis is a natural resine produced by honeybees with high biological value for human kind. Although propolis is intensively used in medicine, cosmetics and lately in food industry also, there is no quality standard (Romanian or European for this specific beeproduct. This article presents the quality criteria for Romanian raw propolis (56 samples as a collection of data obtained along the years through extensive qualitative and quantitative analysis. Data obtained for extraction yield (59%±8%, wax content (35%±8%, total flavonoids (9£±3% and total phenolics (28%±7%, antioxidant activity against DPPH are presented.

  3. Training review criteria and procedures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides direction to NRC personnel for reviewing training programs at nuclear power plants to verify compliance with the requirements of 10 CFR 50. 120 and 10 CFR 55 as applicable. It describes the process for evaluating the effectiveness of training programs, provides aids for collection of information during interviews and observations, and provides criteria for evaluating the implementation of a systems approach to training. This document is not intended to have the effect of a regulation, it establishes no binding requirements or interpretations of NRC regulations. It is intended as guidance only

  4. Criteria for onsite transfers of radioactive material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A general description of the requirements for making onsite transfers of radioactive material is provided in Chapter 2, along with the required sequencey of activities. Various criteria for package use are identified in Chapters 3-13. These criteria provide protection against undue radiation exposure. Package shielding, containment, and surface contamination requirements are established. Criteria for providing criticality safety are enumerated in Chapter 6. Criteria for providing hazards information are established in Chapter 13. A glossary is provided

  5. 40 CFR 258.24 - Air criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Act, as amended. (b) Open burning of solid waste, except for the infrequent burning of agricultural... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES CRITERIA FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLS Operating Criteria § 258.24 Air criteria. (a) Owners or operators of all...

  6. 45 CFR 1634.9 - Selection criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Selection criteria. 1634.9 Section 1634.9 Public... FOR GRANTS AND CONTRACTS § 1634.9 Selection criteria. (a) The criteria to be used to select among... key staff; (6) The applicant's knowledge of the various components of the legal services...

  7. MDS clinical diagnostic criteria for Parkinson's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Postuma, R.B.; Berg, D; Stern, M.; Poewe, W.; Olanow, C.W.; Oertel, W.; Obeso, J.; Marek, K.; Litvan, I.; Lang, A.E.; Halliday, G.; Goetz, C.G.; Gasser, T.; Dubois, B.; Chan, P.; Bloem, B.R.; Adler, C.H.; Deuschl, G.

    2015-01-01

    This document presents the Movement Disorder Society Clinical Diagnostic Criteria for Parkinson's disease (PD). The Movement Disorder Society PD Criteria are intended for use in clinical research but also may be used to guide clinical diagnosis. The benchmark for these criteria is expert clinical di

  8. The Origins and Functions of Evaluative Criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, D. Royce

    1985-01-01

    Specifying criteria is a complex problem comprising three phases: valuation, criterion identification, and prescription. Criteria are useful for making, and necessary for substantiating, value claims but to specify in advance a set of criteria upon which to judge is self-limiting. Complete prior specification is undesirable in principle. (MT)

  9. Monitoring Reading Behavior: Criteria for Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, William R.

    Effective use of the informal reading inventory (IRI) depends upon the criteria used in determining the functional reading levels and more specifically the word recognition criteria employed in describing acceptable limits of oral reading behavior. The author of this paper looks at the diverse sets of criteria commonly used, the problems…

  10. Nuclear reactor philosophy and criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plant safety criteria and principles developed in Canada are directed towards minimizing the chance of failure of the fuel and preventing or reducing to an acceptably low level the escape of fission products should fuel failure occur. Safety criteria and practices are set forth in the Reactor Siting Guide, which is based upon the concept of defence in depth. The Guide specifies that design and construction shall follow the best applicable code, standard or practice; the total of all serious process system failures shall not exceed one in three years; special safety systems are to be physically and functionally separate from process systems and each other; and safety systems shall be testable, with unavailability less than 10-3. Doses to the most exposed member of the public due to normal operation, serious process failures, and dual failures are specified. Licensees are also required to consider the effects of extreme conditions due to airplane crashes, explosions, turbine disintegration, pipe burst, and natural disasters. Safety requirements are changing as nuclear power plant designs evolve and in response to social and economic pressures

  11. Ventilation criteria for IDMS facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Both Facility Evaluation Board (FEB) reviews of the Integrated DWPF Melter System (IDMS) have identified the inconsistency of the current IDMS Process Hazards Review (PHR) versus actual IDMS practice as regards the criteria to contain air borne pollutants that may be present in the Process Room (e.g. benzene and mercury). The PHR states that a 1.0 in. wc pressure differential be maintained between the IDMS Process Room and Building 672-T. In addition, the PHR further specifies that the linear velocity through openings into the Process Room (e.g. open doors) be equal to or greater than 150 fpm. Finally, the PHR recommended that mercury vapor and benzene monitors be installed in the Process Room ventilation exhaust to alert personnel to the presence of vapors of benzene and/or mercury before entering the Process Room. This report summarizes the results of reassessment of these criteria and the specific recommendation for permanent installation of mercury and benzene vapor monitors in the vapor exhaust of the Process Room

  12. Donor selection criteria and procurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Donor selection is one of the most important aspects of tissue banking practice. Without a good donor selection criteria, the results of any effort of trying to preserve tissues will have disastrous outcome for the recipient of these tissues. While with a very good and strict donor selection the Tissue Bank can guarantee safe and effective tissue allografts. There are significant aspects in the history and physical examination of the donor that must be emphasized. A donor exclusion criteria has also been formulated together with a list of all the needed laboratory examinations to eliminate possible diseases that may be transferred from the donor. The methods of procurement of tissue allografts from living and cadaver donors will be described. The limitations and advantages of each will be taken.There are also special restrictions that are important in the practice of removing the tissues from the donors. All the necessary equipment should be ready and the potential risk on the personnel should be known to all doing Tissue Banking

  13. Methodology for setting cleanup criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has developed guidance for establishing cleanup criteria or authorized limits for sites containing residual radioactive material. The DOE requires that the as-low-as-reasonably-achievable (ALARA) process be applied. This process results in the development of cleanup levels that are as low as practicable giving due consideration to health, environment, economics, cultural, and natural resources and other factors. The process employs a cost-benefit optimization analysis and, where appropriate and feasible, considers multiple attributes. Frequently, some important factors or attributes do not lend themselves to quantification in a cost-benefit study and therefore must be considered qualitatively in the process. While the cost-benefit analysis is not the only consideration, it is an important clement in the establishment of cleanup criteria and selection of remedial alternatives. Key to the cost-benefit process is the relation between cleanup level and dose. This is determined through pathway analysis methodology. This paper discusses the pathway analysis process and will cover radiologically and nonradiologically contaminated sites and building contamination

  14. MDS clinical diagnostic criteria for Parkinson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Postuma, Ronald B; Berg, Daniela; Stern, Matthew; Poewe, Werner; Olanow, C Warren; Oertel, Wolfgang; Obeso, José; Marek, Kenneth; Litvan, Irene; Lang, Anthony E; Halliday, Glenda; Goetz, Christopher G; Gasser, Thomas; Dubois, Bruno; Chan, Piu; Bloem, Bastiaan R; Adler, Charles H; Deuschl, Günther

    2015-10-01

    This document presents the Movement Disorder Society Clinical Diagnostic Criteria for Parkinson's disease (PD). The Movement Disorder Society PD Criteria are intended for use in clinical research but also may be used to guide clinical diagnosis. The benchmark for these criteria is expert clinical diagnosis; the criteria aim to systematize the diagnostic process, to make it reproducible across centers and applicable by clinicians with less expertise in PD diagnosis. Although motor abnormalities remain central, increasing recognition has been given to nonmotor manifestations; these are incorporated into both the current criteria and particularly into separate criteria for prodromal PD. Similar to previous criteria, the Movement Disorder Society PD Criteria retain motor parkinsonism as the core feature of the disease, defined as bradykinesia plus rest tremor or rigidity. Explicit instructions for defining these cardinal features are included. After documentation of parkinsonism, determination of PD as the cause of parkinsonism relies on three categories of diagnostic features: absolute exclusion criteria (which rule out PD), red flags (which must be counterbalanced by additional supportive criteria to allow diagnosis of PD), and supportive criteria (positive features that increase confidence of the PD diagnosis). Two levels of certainty are delineated: clinically established PD (maximizing specificity at the expense of reduced sensitivity) and probable PD (which balances sensitivity and specificity). The Movement Disorder Society criteria retain elements proven valuable in previous criteria and omit aspects that are no longer justified, thereby encapsulating diagnosis according to current knowledge. As understanding of PD expands, the Movement Disorder Society criteria will need continuous revision to accommodate these advances. PMID:26474316

  15. 江西省实施FIDELIS项目病人发现成效分析%CASE DETECTION EFFECT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE FIDELIS PROJECT IN JIANGXI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡美华; 黄钦; 黄文辉

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To supervise report of tuberculosis patients and suspects in general hospitals, sputum examination and referrals through training TB control physicians in general hospitals. and then to improve the detection rate. [ Methods] The TB control physicians in general hospitals were trained as supervisors. interventions were scaled up to improve referral policy and medical environment of TB cases. We further standardized sputum examination , and strengthen reporting; and referral job. At the same time, tuberculosis prevention and control institutions were trace tubereulosis patients through the network reporting system. We implemented the control and medictd coopemtion" to strengthen work systems and incenlives to impnwe the county-level TB control staff motivation. The changes were compared in the project area to evaluate project results. [ Results] After implementation of the project, anived rate after referral was 46.51% pnor tO the project and 59.35% after the project: The arrived rale after tracing; was 85.39% prior to the project and 88 32% after the project; The sputum examination rate was 91.36% prior to the project and 91.96% after the project; The new smear-poaitive patient registration rate was from 47.73/100 000 pre-project to 48.78/100 000 after pmject which has increased by 2.2%. [Conclusion] Through the fIDELIS project implementation. the arrived rate after tracing and arrived rate after referral of tuberculosis patients was improved in our province, new smear-positive TB case detection rate has been upgraded.%[目的]通过培训综合医院的结核病防治医生,督导综合医院肺结核病人和可疑肺结核病人的报告、查痰及转诊来提高病人发现.[方法]本项目通过培训综合医院的结核病防治医师作为督导员,加强干预,改善结核病人转诊政策和就医环境,进一步规范查痰、报告和转诊工作,同时结核病防治机构开展网络报告肺结核病人追踪工作,全面

  16. Stability criteria for hierarchical triple systems

    CERN Document Server

    Georgakarakos, Nikolaos

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we give a summary of stability criteria that have been derived for hierarchical triple systems over the past few decades. We give a brief description and we discuss the criteria that are based on the generalisation of the concept of zero velocity surfaces of the restricted three body problem, to the general case. We also present criteria that have to do with escape of one of the bodies. Then, we talk about the criteria that have been derived using data from numerical integrations. Finally, we report on criteria that involve the concept of chaos. In all cases, wherever possible, we discuss advantages and disadvantages of the criteria and the methods their derivation was based on, and some comparison is made in several cases.

  17. 77 FR 65667 - Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-30

    ... the People's Republic of China, 62 FR 48218 (September 15, 1997). \\2\\ See Freshwater Crawfish Tail... analysis of the bona fides of Deyan Aquatic's sales, upon initiation of this NSR, the Department...

  18. Promoting Student Inquiry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Clifford H.

    1997-01-01

    Argues that in order to have bona fide inquiry experiences, students must formulate their own questions, create hypotheses, and design investigations that test those hypotheses and answer the proposed questions. (DDR)

  19. 76 FR 12938 - Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet and Strip From India: Extension of Time Limit for Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ..., 75 FR 81574 (December 28, 2010) (Preliminary Results). The final results of review are currently due... Preliminary Results concerning the bona fides of the new shipper's sale. Due to this issue, the Department...

  20. 77 FR 45587 - Tapered Roller Bearings and Parts Thereof, Finished and Unfinished, from the People's Republic of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... Republic of China, 52 FR 22667 (June 15, 1987) (``Order''). \\2\\ See 19 CFR 351.214(d). In its submission... Zhengda produced and exported. To assist in its analysis of the bona fides of Zhejiang Zhengda's...

  1. 76 FR 17837 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... Republic of Vietnam, 68 FR 47909 (August 12, 2003). On February 28, 2011, pursuant to section 751(a)(2)(B... produced and exported. To assist in its analysis of the bona fides of Tafishco's sales, upon initiation...

  2. 75 FR 32362 - Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... from the People's Republic of China: Initiation of New Shipper Reviews, 75 FR 343 (January 5, 2010). On... questionnaire responses in its examination of the bona fides of the companies' sales. Therefore, in...

  3. 77 FR 45588 - Tapered Roller Bearings and Parts Thereof, Finished and Unfinished, From the People's Republic of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... Republic of China, 52 FR 22667 (June 15, 1987) (``Order''). \\2\\ See 19 CFR 351.214(d). In its submission... produced and exported. To assist in its analysis of the bona fides of Haining Automann's sales,...

  4. 76 FR 45777 - Tapered Roller Bearings and Parts Thereof, Finished and Unfinished From the People's Republic of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... China, 52 FR 22667 (June 15, 1987) (``Order''). On June 30, 2011, pursuant to section 751(a)(2)(B)(i) of.... To assist in its analysis of the bona fides of GGB's sales, upon initiation of this new...

  5. 76 FR 61088 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of New Shipper...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-03

    ... Republic of Vietnam, 68 FR 47909 (August 12, 2003). On August 3, 4, and 16, 2011, respectively, we received... review in order to assist in its analysis of the bona fides of the sales of the three...

  6. 76 FR 12937 - Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet and Strip From India: Extension of Time Limit for Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ... Film, Sheet and Strip from India: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty New Shipper Review, 75 FR... Preliminary Results concerning the bona fides of the new ] shipper sale. Due to this issue, the Department...

  7. 78 FR 24723 - Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... Order: Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat From the People's Republic of China, 62 FR 48218 (September 15... merchandise which Hubei Nature both produced and exported. To assist in its analysis of the bona fides...

  8. The Discovery of [Ru(NH3)5N2]2+. A Case of Serendipity and the Scientific Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senoff, Caesar V.

    1990-01-01

    A personal account of the events leading up to the realization that this was a bona fide species is presented. The application of the scientific method in the process of this research is emphasized. (CW)

  9. Synthetic biology approach to reconstituting the ubiquitylation cascade in bacteria

    OpenAIRE

    Keren-Kaplan, Tal; Attali, Ilan; Motamedchaboki, Khatereh; Davis, Brian A.; Tanner, Neta; Reshef, Yael; Laudon, Einat; Kolot, Mikhail; Levin-Kravets, Olga; Kleifeld, Oded; Glickman, Michael; Horazdovsky, Bruce F.; Wolf, Dieter A; Prag, Gali

    2012-01-01

    A new system to achieve bona fide ubiquitin conjugation in E. coli circumvents specificity problems associated with previous in-vitro approaches, adding to the synthetic biology toolbox aimed at addressing the complexity of cellular ubiquitin modification.

  10. 29 CFR 778.333 - Suggestion system awards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (b) The prize represents a bona fide award for a suggestion which is the result of additional effort... that he will not merit promotion or advancement (or retention of his existing job) unless he...

  11. NWTS program criteria for mined geologic disposal of nuclear wasite: site performance criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report states ten criteria governing the suitability of sites for mined geologic disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The Department of Energy will use these criteria in its search for sites and will reevaluate their use when the Nuclear Regulatory Commission issues radioactive waste repository rules. These criteria encompass site geometry, geohydrology, geochemistry, geologic characteristics, tectonic environment, human intrusion, surface characteristics, environment, and potential socioeconomic impacts. The contents of this document include background discussion, site performance criteria, and appendices. The background section describes the waste disposal system, the application of the site criteria, and applicable criteria from NWTS-33(1) - Program Objectives, Functional Requirements and System Performance Criteria. Appendix A, entitled Comparison with Other Siting Criteria compares the NWTS criteria with those recommended by other agencies. Appendix B contains DOE responses to public comments received on the January 1980 draft of this document. Appendix C is a glossary

  12. Complete family of separability criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We introduce a family of separability criteria that are based on the existence of extensions of a bipartite quantum state ρ to a larger number of parties satisfying certain symmetry properties. It can be easily shown that all separable states have the required extensions, so the nonexistence of such an extension for a particular state implies that the state is entangled. One of the main advantages of this approach is that searching for the extension can be cast as a convex optimization problem known as a semidefinite program. Whenever an extension does not exist, the dual optimization constructs an explicit entanglement witness for the particular state. These separability tests can be ordered in a hierarchical structure whose first step corresponds to the well-known positive partial transpose (Peres-Horodecki) criterion, and each test in the hierarchy is at least as powerful as the preceding one. This hierarchy is complete, in the sense that any entangled state is guaranteed to fail a test at some finite point in the hierarchy, thus showing it is entangled. The entanglement witnesses corresponding to each step of the hierarchy have well-defined and very interesting algebraic properties that, in turn, allow for a characterization of the interior of the set of positive maps. Coupled with some recent results on the computational complexity of the separability problem, which has been shown to be NP hard, this hierarchy of tests gives a complete and also computationally and theoretically appealing characterization of mixed bipartite entangled states

  13. Criteria for Exact Qudit Universality

    CERN Document Server

    Brennen, G K; Bullock, S S; Brennen, Gavin K.; Leary, Dianne P. O'; Bullock, Stephen S.

    2004-01-01

    We describe criteria for implementation of quantum computation in qudits. A qudit is a d-dimensional system whose Hilbert space is spanned by states |0>, |1>,... |d-1>. An important earlier work of Mathukrishnan and Stroud [1] describes how to exactly simulate an arbitrary unitary on multiple qudits using a 2d-1 parameter family of single qudit and two qudit gates. Their technique is based on the spectral decomposition of unitaries. Here we generalize this argument to show that exact universality follows given a discrete set of single qudit Hamiltonians and one two-qudit Hamiltonian. The technique is related to the QR-matrix decomposition of numerical linear algebra. We consider a generic physical system in which the single qudit Hamiltonians are a small collection of H_{jk}^x=\\hbar\\Omega (|k>k iff H_{jk}^{x,y} are allowed Hamiltonians. One qudit exact universality follows iff this graph is connected, and complete universality results if the two-qudit Hamiltonian H=-\\hbar\\Omega |d-1,d-1>

  14. Tentative criteria for environmental protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relevance of the view that protection of humans from detrimental effects of ionising radiation adequately - although indirectly - protects other living organisms as well, is discussed in relation to biological diversity, biological resources and sustainability, as defined in the documents from UNCED 1992. These aspects are not covered by recommendations relevant to radiological protection, and it appears both timely and justified to integrate radiological protection with environmental protection in general, e.g. by discussing the possibility to define effect-related criteria, such as dose limits, for non-human species inhabiting different environmental media. On the basis of an eco-toxicological approach and existing data on radiosensitivity, doses in the range 1-50 mGy y-1 to relevant organisms in the natural environment could be useful as screening levels for protection of non-human species in limited assessments, whereas anticipated or observed doses above this level would require more detailed assessment. Guidelines for assessment need to be developed, drawing on ecotoxicological experience

  15. ACR Appropriateness Criteria Crohn Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, David H; Carucci, Laura R; Baker, Mark E; Cash, Brooks D; Dillman, Jonathan R; Feig, Barry W; Fowler, Kathryn J; Gage, Kenneth L; Noto, Richard B; Smith, Martin P; Yaghmai, Vahid; Yee, Judy; Lalani, Tasneem

    2015-10-01

    Crohn disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder involving the gastrointestinal tract, characterized by episodic flares and times of remission. Underlying structural damage occurs progressively, with recurrent bouts of inflammation. The diagnosis and management of this disease process is dependent on several clinical, laboratory, imaging, endoscopic, and histologic factors. In recent years, with the maturation of CT enterography, and MR enterography, imaging has played an increasingly important role in relation to Crohn Disease. In addition to these specialized examination modalities, ultrasound and routine CT have potential uses. Fluoroscopy, radiography, and nuclear medicine may be less beneficial depending on the clinical scenario. The imaging modality best suited to evaluating this disease may change, depending on the target population, severity of presentation, and specific clinical situation. This document presents seven clinical scenarios (variants) in both the adult and pediatric populations and rates the appropriateness of the available imaging options. They are summarized in a consolidated table, and the underlying rationale and supporting literature are presented in the accompanying narrative. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every three years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances in which evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. PMID:26435118

  16. Selection criteria for dental radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Faculty of General Dental Practitioners (UK) has a declared commitment to 'improving the standards of patient care'. By the provision of standards and guidelines it aims to help the profession to achieve this goal. Standards and guidelines are simply tools a dentist may use to improve treatment planning and care outcomes. The Self-Assessment Manual and Standards, SAMS, first published in 1991, is now well known to the profession and has become a frequently quoted source in clinical audit and quality assurance initiatives. Since its publication the scientific methodology of systematic reviews of the literature has progressed dramatically and this book is based on these developments. Evidence-based care is well established in medicine and dentistry and these selection criteria and guidelines follow these established protocols by basing advice on the available scientific evidence wherever possible. This book's purpose is a practical one, it is not intended to be limiting or restrictive but to be useful in the decision-making process. This is the first in a series of standards documents from the FGDP(UK) which are based on reviews of the scientific literature and employ the Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network (SIGN) methodology for guideline production. They are not constraints but an aid to effective treatment planning and patient care

  17. Criteria for onset of firestorms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quantitative criteria are evolved for onset of firestorms, severe stationary (nonpropagating) holocausts arising via merger of fires from multiple simultaneous ignitions in a heavily fuel-laden urban environment. Within an hour, surface-level radial inflow from all directions sustains a large-diameter convective column that eventually reaches altitude of about 10 km (e.g., Hamburg, Dresden, Hiroshima). As the firestorm achieves peak intensity (2 to 3 hours after the ignitions), inflow speeds are inferred to attain 25 to 50 m/s; typically 12 km2 are reduced to ashes, before winds relax to ambient levels in six-to-nine hours. Here the firestorm is interpreted to be a mesocyclone (rotating severe local storm). Even with exceedingly large heat release sustained over a concentrated area, in the presence of a very nearly autoconvectively unstable atmospheric stratification, onset of vigorous swirling on the scale of two hours requires more than concentration of circulation associated with the rotation of the earth; rather, a preexisting, if weak, circulation appears necessary for firestorm cyclogenesis

  18. Heat exchanger staybolt acceptance criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structural integrity demonstration of the primary coolant piping system includes evaluating the structural capacity of each component against a large break or equivalent Double-Ended Guillotine Break. A large break at the inlet or outlet heads of the heat exchangers would occur if the restraint members of the heads become inactive. The structural integrity of the heads is demonstrated by showing the redundant capacity of the staybolts to restrain the head at design conditions and under seismic loadings. The Savannah River Site heat exchanger head is attached to the tubesheet by 84 staybolts. Access to the staybolts is limited due to a welded seal cap over the staybolts. An ultrasonic testing (UT) inspection technique to provide an in-situ examination of the staybolts has recently been developed at SRS. Examination of the staybolts will be performed to ensure their service condition and configuration is within acceptance limits. An acceptance criteria methodology has been developed to disposition flaws reported in the staybolt inspections while ensuring adequate restraint capacity of the staybolts to maintain integrity of the heat exchanger heads against collapse. The methodology includes an approach for the baseline and periodic inspections of the staybolts. The heat exchanger head is analyzed with a three-dimensional finite element model. The restraint provided by the staybolts is evaluated for several postulated cases of inactive or missing staybolts. Evaluation of specific, inactive staybolt configurations based on the UT results can be performed with the finite element model and fracture methodology in this report

  19. Merging multiple criteria to identify suspicious reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Guangyu; Greene, Derek; Cunningham, Pádraig

    2010-01-01

    Assessing the trustworthiness of reviews is a key issue for the maintainers of opinion sites such as TripAdvisor, given the rewards that can be derived from posting false or biased reviews. In this paper we present a number of criteria that might be indicative of suspicious reviews and evaluate alternative methods for integrating these criteria to produce a unified 'suspiciousness' ranking. The criteria derive from characteristics of the network of reviewers and also from analysis of the cont...

  20. Qualitative Research in OM: Criteria for evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez, Veronica; Albores, Pavel

    2003-01-01

    The paper presents a reference set of research-quality evaluation criteria for qualitative research in Operations Management. The typical research process is presented and enhanced by making explicit the role of the criteria in both the design and evaluation phases. The paper highlights the importance of having such criteria not only to strengthen the research outcome, but also as means of control and self-correction during the research process. This paper concludes with a r...

  1. 23rd June 2010 - IATA Director-General and CEO G. Bisignani signing the guest book with Research and Computing Director S. Bertolucci; visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with L. Bottura; throughout accompanied by Adviser for International relations M. Bona.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    23rd June 2010 - IATA Director-General and CEO G. Bisignani signing the guest book with Research and Computing Director S. Bertolucci; visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with L. Bottura; throughout accompanied by Adviser for International relations M. Bona.

  2. 26th August 2010 - World Meteorological Organization Secretary-General M. Jarraud signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer and visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with Technology Department Head F. Bordry; throughout accompanied by M. Bona, CERN Relations with International Organisations

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    26th August 2010 - World Meteorological Organization Secretary-General M. Jarraud signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer and visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with Technology Department Head F. Bordry; throughout accompanied by M. Bona, CERN Relations with International Organisations

  3. Integrated criteria for covert channel auditing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chang-da WANG; Shi-guang JU

    2008-01-01

    A new concept, the security level difference of a covert channel, is presented, which means the security level span from the sender to the receiver of the covert channel. Based on this, the integrated criteria for covert channel auditing are given. Whereas TCSEC (Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria) or CC (Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation) only use the bandwidth to evaluate the threat of covert channels, our new criteria integrate the security level difference, the bandwidth sensitive parameter, bandwidth, duration and instantaneous time of covert channels, so as to give a comprehensive evaluation of the threat of covert channels in a multilevel security system.

  4. [Criteria for the diagnosis of corticobasal degeneration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimohata, Takayoshi; Aiba, Ikuko; Nishizawa, Masatoyo

    2015-04-01

    Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a distinct neurodegenerative disorder characterized by widespread neuronal and glial accumulation of abnormally phosphorylated tau protein. Patients with CBD often present with corticobasal syndrome (CBS) showing impairment of the motor system, cognition, or both. Several studies demonstrate that they may also present with progressive supranuclear palsy syndrome (PSPS), aphasia, Alzheimer disease-like dementia, or behavioral changes, suggesting that CBS is merely one of the presenting phenotypes of CBD. Accurate diagnosis is important for future clinical trials using drugs aimed at modifying the underlying tau pathology. Although previous CBD diagnostic criteria reflected only CBS, Armstrong et al. proposed new diagnostic criteria for CBD in 2013 (Armstrong's criteria). The new criteria include 4 CBD phenotypes, including CBS, frontal behavioral-spatial syndrome (FBS), nonfluent/agrammatic variant of primary progressive aphasia (naPPA), and PSPS. These phenotypes were combined to create 2 sets of criteria: specific clinical research criteria for probable CBD (cr-CBD) and broader criteria for possible CBD that are more inclusive but have a higher probability of detecting other tau-based pathologies (p-CBD). However, two recent studies revealed that the sensitivity and specificity of these criteria were insufficient. Further refinement of the criteria is needed via biomarker research with prospective study designs. (Received August 19, 2014; Accepted December 26, 2014: Published April 1, 2015). PMID:25846600

  5. Criteria for operator review of workplace changes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A set of criteria for reviewing workplace changes has been developed for use by plant Operations staff. The criteria were developed to provide Operations staff with a practical framework for structuring assessments and subsequent review comments with regard to control room modifications and innovations that impact their work environment. The criteria were assembled from design, operations and human factors engineering principles, and system review experiences with plant Operations staff over the past ten years. Operations staff at several CANDU stations helped shape the emphasis for initial criteria definition and have assisted with criteria refinement through trial applications. Use of the criteria is expected to lead to more effective and task relevant equipment evaluations by Operations staff, and ultimately lead to system modifications and innovations that better serve plant operation needs. The paper begins with a discussion of the rationale for criteria development and the attributes of 'good' design. The balance of the paper outlines the project objectives, describes the approach applied in assembling, structuring, and refining the review criteria, and illustrates the application of the criteria in the review of a proposed control room innovation. (author)

  6. News: Good chemical manufacturing process criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    This news column covers topics relating to manufacturing criteria, machine to machine technology, novel process windows, green chemistry indices, business resilience, immobilized enzymes, and Bt crops.

  7. ACR Appropriateness Criteria Head Trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shetty, Vilaas S; Reis, Martin N; Aulino, Joseph M; Berger, Kevin L; Broder, Joshua; Choudhri, Asim F; Kendi, A Tuba; Kessler, Marcus M; Kirsch, Claudia F; Luttrull, Michael D; Mechtler, Laszlo L; Prall, J Adair; Raksin, Patricia B; Roth, Christopher J; Sharma, Aseem; West, O Clark; Wintermark, Max; Cornelius, Rebecca S; Bykowski, Julie

    2016-06-01

    Neuroimaging plays an important role in the management of head trauma. Several guidelines have been published for identifying which patients can avoid neuroimaging. Noncontrast head CT is the most appropriate initial examination in patients with minor or mild acute closed head injury who require neuroimaging as well as patients with moderate to severe acute closed head injury. In short-term follow-up neuroimaging of acute traumatic brain injury, CT and MRI may have complementary roles. In subacute to chronic traumatic brain injury, MRI is the most appropriate initial examination, though CT may have a complementary role in select circumstances. Advanced neuroimaging techniques are areas of active research but are not considered routine clinical practice at this time. In suspected intracranial vascular injury, CT angiography or venography or MR angiography or venography is the most appropriate imaging study. In suspected posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid leak, high-resolution noncontrast skull base CT is the most appropriate initial imaging study to identify the source, with cisternography reserved for problem solving. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every three years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances in which evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. PMID:27262056

  8. What Patients and Families Don’t Hear: Backstage Communication in Hospice Interdisciplinary Team Meetings

    OpenAIRE

    WITTENBERG-LYLES, ELAINE M.; GEE, GINNIFER CIE’; Oliver, Debra Parker; Demiris, George

    2009-01-01

    Backstage communication has been shown to play a vital role in a bona fide group’s teamwork. Hospice interdisciplinary teams are considered bona fide groups, and hospice interdisciplinary team meetings constitute backstage communication because they occur away from patients and families. Video recordings of interdisciplinary team meetings were systematically coded for backstage communication mess ages and the extent to which different interdisciplinary team members participated in backstage c...

  9. Understanding earthquake design criteria used in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper summarizes the current earthquake design criteria used in Japan for nuclear power plants. Information is presented on the codes and standards and seismic requirements for reactor buildings and containment structures. The most interesting features of the earthquake design criteria used in Japan, in the light of those used in the United States, are summarized

  10. 43 CFR 41.505 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 41.505 Employment criteria. A... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment criteria. 41.505 Section...

  11. 45 CFR 86.52 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 86.52 Employment criteria. A... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment criteria. 86.52 Section 86.52...

  12. 34 CFR 104.13 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment criteria. 104.13 Section 104.13 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION... Employment Practices § 104.13 Employment criteria. (a) A recipient may not make use of any employment test...

  13. Criteria for the diagnosis of corticobasal degeneration

    OpenAIRE

    Armstrong, Melissa J.; Litvan, Irene; Lang, Anthony E; Bak, Thomas H.; Bhatia, Kailash P.; Borroni, Barbara; Boxer, Adam L.; Dickson, Dennis W.; Grossman, Murray; Hallett, Mark; Josephs, Keith A.; Kertesz, Andrew; Lee, Suzee E; Miller, Bruce L.; Reich, Stephen G.

    2013-01-01

    Current criteria for the clinical diagnosis of pathologically confirmed corticobasal degeneration (CBD) no longer reflect the expanding understanding of this disease and its clinicopathologic correlations. An international consortium of behavioral neurology, neuropsychology, and movement disorders specialists developed new criteria based on consensus and a systematic literature review. Clinical diagnoses (early or late) were identified for 267 nonoverlapping pathologically confirmed CBD cases...

  14. Models and criteria for waste repository performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A primary objective of the Waste Management Program is to assure that public health is protected. Predictive modeling, to some extent, will play a role in assuring that this objective is met. This paper considers the requirements and limitations of predictive modeling in providing useful inputs to waste management decision making. Criteria development needs and the relation between criteria and models are also discussed

  15. 49 CFR 22.19 - Credit criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Credit criteria. 22.19 Section 22.19... STLP Loans § 22.19 Credit criteria. An applicant for a STLP loan must be creditworthy and demonstrate... debts. The Participating Lender and DOT OSDBU shall consider: (a) Character, reputation, and...

  16. Criteria for Producing CLIL Learning Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehisto, Peeter

    2012-01-01

    This article first describes some general criteria that can be applied to the development of any type of learning materials. Second, the article lists criteria for creating CLIL (content and language integrated learning)-specific learning materials, and provides examples of how to apply each proposed criterion whilst also providing a corresponding…

  17. Mathematics Teachers' Criteria of Dimension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ural, Alattin

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to determine mathematics teachers' decisions about dimensions of the geometric figures, criteria of dimension and consistency of decision-criteria. The research is a qualitative research and the model applied in the study is descriptive method on the basis of general scanning model. 15 mathematics teachers attended the…

  18. Who and Racist criteria on CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation is about Who and Recist criteria on CT.These are rules to the evaluation of the solid tumors treatment response as well as different concepts of measurability criteria of blastic changes, target /non target lesions, adenopathies, lytic, cystic , non-measurable disease and progressive lesions

  19. 2012 provisional classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dasgupta, Bhaskar; Cimmino, Marco A; Maradit-Kremers, Hilal; Schmidt, Wolfgang A; Schirmer, Michael; Salvarani, Carlo; Bachta, Artur; Dejaco, Christian; Duftner, Christina; Jensen, Hanne Slott; Duhaut, Pierre; Poór, Gyula; Kaposi, Novák Pál; Mandl, Peter; Balint, Peter V; Schmidt, Zsuzsa; Iagnocco, Annamaria; Nannini, Carlotta; Cantini, Fabrizio; Macchioni, Pierluigi; Pipitone, Nicolò; Amo, Montserrat Del; Espígol-Frigolé, Georgina; Cid, Maria C; Martínez-Taboada, Víctor M; Nordborg, Elisabeth; Direskeneli, Haner; Aydin, Sibel Zehra; Ahmed, Khalid; Hazleman, Brian; Silverman, Barbara; Pease, Colin; Wakefield, Richard J; Luqmani, Raashid; Abril, Andy; Michet, Clement J; Marcus, Ralph; Gonter, Neil J; Maz, Mehrdad; Carter, Rickey E; Crowson, Cynthia S; Matteson, Eric L

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop EULAR/ACR classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Candidate criteria were evaluated in a 6-month prospective cohort study of 125 patients with new onset PMR and 169 non-PMR comparison subjects with conditions mimicking PMR. A scoring al...

  20. 2012 Provisional classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dasgupta, Bhaskar; Cimmino, Marco A; Kremers, Hilal Maradit; Schmidt, Wolfgang A; Schirmer, Michael; Salvarani, Carlo; Bachta, Artur; Dejaco, Christian; Duftner, Christina; Jensen, Hanne Slott; Duhaut, Pierre; Poór, Gyula; Kaposi, Novák Pál; Mandl, Peter; Balint, Peter V; Schmidt, Zsuzsa; Iagnocco, Annamaria; Nannini, Carlotta; Cantini, Fabrizio; Macchioni, Pierluigi; Pipitone, Nicolò; Del Amo, Montserrat; Espígol-Frigolé, Georgina; Cid, Maria C; Martínez-Taboada, Víctor M; Nordborg, Elisabeth; Direskeneli, Haner; Aydin, Sibel Zehra; Ahmed, Khalid; Hazleman, Brian; Silverman, Barbara; Pease, Colin; Wakefield, Richard J; Luqmani, Raashid; Abril, Andy; Michet, Clement J; Marcus, Ralph; Gonter, Neil J; Maz, Mehrdad; Carter, Rickey E; Crowson, Cynthia S; Matteson, Eric L

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Candidate criteria were evaluated in a 6-month prospective cohort study of 125 patients with new-onset PMR and 169 non-PMR compa...

  1. Aspirational Model Teaching Criteria for Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, Aaron S.; Boysen, Guy A.; Gurung, Regan A. R.; Tazeau, Yvette N.; Meyers, Steven A.; Sciutto, Mark J.

    2014-01-01

    In 2011, the Society for the Teaching of Psychology commissioned a presidential task force to document teaching criteria for model psychology teachers in undergraduate education. The resulting list of criteria reflects activities related to face-to-face course interaction and online teaching, training, and education; course design; implementation…

  2. 16 CFR 1031.15 - Communication criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Communication criteria. 1031.15 Section 1031... Communication criteria. (a) Commission officials and employees, who are not in the positions listed in § 1031.12(a), or who are not already authorized to communicate with a voluntary standards group...

  3. Hanford Site liquid waste acceptance criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides the waste acceptance criteria for liquid waste managed by Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (WMH). These waste acceptance criteria address the various requirements to operate a facility in compliance with applicable environmental, safety, and operational requirements. This document also addresses the sitewide miscellaneous streams program

  4. Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: Medical Diagnostic Criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Donna Andrea

    2003-01-01

    Medical diagnostic criteria for Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (a persistent fabrication by one individual of illness in another) are presented. Since the strength of the known facts may vary from case to case, diagnostic criteria are given for a definitive diagnosis, a possible diagnosis, an inconclusive determination, and the definitely excluded…

  5. 40 CFR 75.43 - Accessibility criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Accessibility criteria. 75.43 Section...) CONTINUOUS EMISSION MONITORING Alternative Monitoring Systems § 75.43 Accessibility criteria. To demonstrate accessibility equal to or better than the continuous emission monitoring system, the owner or operator...

  6. [New entities and the criteria of FTLD].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otsuki, Mika

    2016-03-01

    This article provides an overview of the historical entity hitherto, the pivotal clinical symptoms of FTLD (frontotemporal lobar degeneration), and an introduction for the revised criteria for bvFTD (behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia): FTDC (International Behavioral Variant FTD Criteria Consortium) presented by Rascovsky et al(2011), and the classification criteria for PPA(primary progressive aphasia) heralded by Gorno-Tempini et al (2011). According to the former criteria, bvFTD can be diagnosed by the clinical symptoms as having possible bvFTD or probable bvFTD, and the pathological findings could lead definite bvFTD. In the latter classification criteria of PPA, two types are implicated in FTLD: one is the non-fluent/agrammatic variant PPA(PNFA/nfvPPA/naPPA), and the other is semantic variant PPA(SD/svPPA). PMID:27025087

  7. An objective approach to determining criteria weights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milić R. Milićević

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an objective approach to determining criteria weights that can be successfully used in multiple criteria models. The methods of entropy, CRITIC and FANMA are presented in this paper as well as a possible combination of the methods of objective and subjective approaches. Although based on different theoretical settings, and therefore with different algorithms of realization, all methods have a decision matrix as a starting point. An objective approach to determining the weight of criteria eliminates the negative impacts of a decision maker on criteria weights as well as on the final solution of multicriteria problems. The main aim of this paper is to systematize description procedures as a kind of help when encountering a problem of determining the criteria weights for solving multicriteria tasks. A possibility of the method application is shown in a numerical example.

  8. Diagnostic criteria of autoimmune hepatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liberal, Rodrigo; Grant, Charlotte R; Longhi, Maria Serena; Mieli-Vergani, Giorgina; Vergani, Diego

    2014-01-01

    Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic immune-mediated liver disorder characterised by female preponderance, elevated transaminase and immunoglobulin G levels, seropositivity for autoantibodies and interface hepatitis. Presentation is highly variable, therefore AIH should be considered during the diagnostic workup of any increase in liver enzyme levels. A set of inclusion and exclusion criteria for the diagnosis of AIH have been established by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAIHG). There are two main types of AIH: type 1, positive for anti-nuclear (ANA) and/or anti-smooth muscle antibodies (SMAs) and type 2, defined by the presence of anti-liver kidney microsomal antibody type 1 (LKM-1) and/or anti-liver cytosol type 1 (LC-1) autoantibodies. The central role of autoantibodies in the diagnosis of AIH has led the IAIHG to produce a consensus statement detailing appropriate and effective methods for their detection. Autoantibodies should be tested by indirect immunofluorescence at an initial dilution of 1/40 in adults and 1/10 in children on a freshly prepared rodent substrate that includes kidney, liver and stomach sections to allow for the simultaneous detection of all reactivities relevant to AIH. Anti-LKM-1 is often confused with anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA) if rodent kidney is used as the sole immunofluorescence substrate. The identification of the molecular targets of anti-LKM-1 and AMA has led to the establishment of immuno-assays based on the use of the recombinant or purified autoantigens. Perinuclear anti-nuclear neutrophil antibody (p-ANNA) is an additional marker of AIH-1; anti soluble liver antigen (SLA) antibodies are specific for autoimmune liver disease, can be present in AIH-1 and AIH-2 and are associated with a more severe clinical course. Anti-SLA are detectable by ELISA or radio-immuno-assays, but not by immunofluorescence. AIH is exquisitely responsive to immunosuppressive treatment, which should be instituted promptly to

  9. Specificity of psychological treatments for bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder? A meta-analysis of direct comparisons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spielmans, Glen I; Benish, Steven G; Marin, Catherine; Bowman, Wesley M; Menster, Maria; Wheeler, Anthony J

    2013-04-01

    Treatment guidelines state that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy are the best-supported psychotherapies for bulimia nervosa (BN) and that CBT is the preferred psychological treatment for binge eating disorder (BED). However, no meta-analysis which both examined direct comparisons between psychological treatments for BN and BED and considered the role of moderating variables, such as the degree to which psychotherapy was bona fide, has previously been conducted Thus, such an analysis was undertaken. We included 77 comparisons reported in 53 studies. The results indicated that: (a) bona fide therapies outperformed non-bona fide treatments, (b) bona fide CBT outperformed bona fide non-CBT interventions by a statistically significant margin (only approaching statistical significance for BN and BED when examined individually), but many of these trials had confounds which limited their internal validity, (c) full CBT treatments offered no benefit over their components, and (d) the distribution of effect size differences between bona fide CBT treatments was homogeneously distributed around zero. These findings provide little support for treatment specificity in psychotherapy for BN and BED. PMID:23454220

  10. Redefining design criteria for Pu-238 gloveboxes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acosta, S.V.

    1998-12-31

    Enclosures for confinement of special nuclear materials (SNM) have evolved into the design of gloveboxes. During the early stages of glovebox technology, established practices and process operation requirements defined design criteria. Proven boxes that performed and met or exceeded process requirements in one group or area, often could not be duplicated in other areas or processes, and till achieve the same success. Changes in materials, fabrication and installation methods often only met immediate design criteria. Standardization of design criteria took a big step during creation of ``Special-Nuclear Materials R and D Laboratory Project, Glovebox standards``. The standards defined design criteria for every type of process equipment in its most general form. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) then and now has had great success with Pu-238 processing. However with ever changing Environment Safety and Health (ES and H) requirements and Ta-55 Facility Configuration Management, current design criteria are forced to explore alternative methods of glovebox design fabrication and installation. Pu-238 fuel processing operations in the Power Source Technologies Group have pushed the limitations of current design criteria. More than half of Pu-238 gloveboxes are being retrofitted or replaced to perform the specific fuel process operations. Pu-238 glovebox design criteria are headed toward process designed single use glovebox and supporting line gloveboxes. Gloveboxes that will house equipment and processes will support TA-55 Pu-238 fuel processing needs into the next century and extend glovebox expected design life.

  11. Selection criteria for unilateral posteroventral pallidotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alterman, R L; Kelly, P; Sterio, D; Fazzini, E; Eidelberg, D; Perrine, K; Beric, A

    1997-01-01

    In an attempt to refine the indications for posteroventral pallidotomy (PVP) the authors instituted strict selection criteria which are based on the experience gained from the first 60 pallidotomy patients treated at their institution. In addition to clinical evaluation, all pallidotomy candidates undergo neuropsychological testing and 18F-fluoro-deoxyglucose utilization positron emission tomography (FDG/PET). The data from which these criteria were developed are presented as are early clinical results. The authors demonstrate that these criteria enhance the efficacy of the procedure by assuring therapeutic response and reducing the incidence of post-operative dementia. Their indications and contraindications for pallidotomy are discussed. PMID:9233408

  12. Diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia and physical performance

    OpenAIRE

    Bijlsma, A. Y.; Meskers, C.G.M.; van den Eshof, N.; R.g. Westendorp; Sipilä, S.; Stenroth, L.; Sillanpää, E.; McPhee, J. S.; Jones, D. A.; Narici, M. V.; Gapeyeva, H.; Pääsuke, M.; Voit, T; Barnouin, Y.; Hogrel, J. Y.

    2013-01-01

    Relative and absolute muscle mass and muscle strength are used as diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia. We aimed to assess which diagnostic criteria are most associated with physical performance in 180 young (18–30 years) and 281 healthy old participants (69–81 years) of the European study MYOAGE. Diagnostic criteria included relative muscle mass (total or appendicular lean mass (ALM) as percentage of body mass), absolute muscle mass (ALM/height squared and total lean mass), knee extension torq...

  13. Multi-Criteria Optimization for Image Guidance

    CERN Document Server

    Winey, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To develop a multi-criteria optimization framework for image guided radiotherapy. Methods: An algorithm is proposed for a multi-criteria framework for the purpose of patient setup verification decision processes. Optimal patient setup shifts and rotations are not always straightforward, particularly for deformable or moving targets of the spine, abdomen, thorax, breast, head and neck and limbs. The algorithm relies upon dosimetric constraints and objectives to aid in the patient setup such that the patient is setup to maximize tumor dose coverage and minimize dose to organs at risk while allowing for daily clinical changes. A simple 1D model and a lung lesion are presented. Results: The algorithm delivers a multi-criteria optimization framework allowing for clinical decisions to accommodate patient target variation make setup decisions less straightforward. With dosimetric considerations, optimal patient positions can be derived. Conclusions: A multi-criteria framework is demonstrated to aid in the p...

  14. Work Criteria Function of Irreversible Heat Engines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Huleihil

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The irreversible heat engine is reconsidered with a general heat transfer law. Three criteria known in the literature—power, power density, and efficient power—are redefined in terms of the work criteria function (WCF, a concept introduced in this study. The formulation enabled the suggestion and analysis of a unique criterion—the efficient power density (which accounts for the efficiency and power density. Practically speaking, the efficient power and the efficient power density could be defined on any order based on the WCF. The applicability of the WCF is illustrated for the Newtonian heat transfer law (n=1 and for the radiative law (n=4. The importance of WCF is twofold: it gives an explicit design and educational tool to analyze and to display graphically the different criteria side by side and thus helps in design process. Finally, the criteria were compared and some conclusions were drawn.

  15. 45 CFR 605.13 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... speaking skills, the test results accurately reflect the applicant's or employee's job skills, aptitude, or... job-related for the position in question, and (2) alternative job-related tests or criteria that...

  16. Ebook Evaluation Criteria: A Proposed Checklist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Ghaebi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available E-books embody diverse features, each of which could contribute towards increasing their user-agreeability and attracting more users. In order to select an Ebook best suited to their needs, both users and librarians consider a set of criteria. The present study aims at providing the evaluation criteria from the standpoint of both the users and librarys by employing two approaches, i.e. through considering the characteristics of the electronic environment, and also maintaining the desired features of the printed media in E-books. By reviewing the resources published in the field of E-books, 15 criteria along with 101 components have been collectively discussed for evaluation of the suitable E-book for users and libraries. Four criteria with 24 components have been solely devised for libraries and librarians.

  17. Generalized Lawson Criteria for Inertial Confinement Fusion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tipton, Robert E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-08-27

    The Lawson Criterion was proposed by John D. Lawson in 1955 as a general measure of the conditions necessary for a magnetic fusion device to reach thermonuclear ignition. Over the years, similar ignition criteria have been proposed which would be suitable for Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) designs. This paper will compare and contrast several ICF ignition criteria based on Lawson’s original ideas. Both analytical and numerical results will be presented which will demonstrate that although the various criteria differ in some details, they are closely related and perform similarly as ignition criteria. A simple approximation will also be presented which allows the inference of each ignition parameter directly from the measured data taken on most shots fired at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) with a minimum reliance on computer simulations. Evidence will be presented which indicates that the experimentally inferred ignition parameters on the best NIF shots are very close to the ignition threshold.

  18. [Surgical criteria for reoperation in abdominal surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bricot, R

    1975-07-01

    Analysis of the surgical criteria for reintervention in Abdominal Surgery led to the accentuation of a certain number of pictures of occlusion, general infectious syndromes, postoperative peritonitis, gastro-intestinal fistula and hemorrhagic syndrome. In all cases, the clinical examination can be misleading in particular in the case of peritonitis, and the history and non-surgical criteria must be strongly borne in mind. PMID:2036

  19. Criteria for producing CLIL learning material

    OpenAIRE

    Mehisto, Peeter

    2012-01-01

    This article first describes some general criteria that can be applied to the development of any type of learning materials. Second, the article lists criteria for creating CLIL (content and language integrated learning)-specific learning materials, and provides examples of how to apply each proposed criterion whilst also providing a corresponding rationale with references. Third, additional requirements pertaining, among others, to technical, environmental and social issues that apply equall...

  20. A comparison of unit root test criteria

    OpenAIRE

    Pantula, Sastry G.; González-Farias, Graciela; Fuller, Wayne A.

    1993-01-01

    During the past fifteen years, the ordinary least squares estimator and the corresponding pivotal statistic have been widely used for testing the unit root hypothesis in autoregressive processes. Recently, several new criteriia, based on the maximum likelihood estimators and weighted symmetric estimators, have been proposed. In this article, we describe several different test criteria. Results from a Monte Carlo study that compares the power of the different criteria indicates that the new te...

  1. Models and criteria for LLW disposal performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A primary objective of the Low Level Waste (LLW) Management Program is to assure that public health is protected. Predictive modeling, to some extent, will play a role in meeting this objective. This paper considers the requirements and limitations of predictive modeling in providing useful inputs to waste management decision making. In addition, criteria development needs and the relation between criteria and models are discussed

  2. Commutator Criteria for Magnetic Pseudodifferential Operators

    OpenAIRE

    Iftimie, Viorel; Mantoiu, Marius; Purice, Radu

    2009-01-01

    The gauge covariant magnetic Weyl calculus has been introduced and studied in previous works. We prove criteria in terms of commutators for operators to be magnetic pseudo-differential operators of suitable symbol classes. The approach is completely intrinsic; neither the statements nor the proofs depend on a choice of a vector potential. We apply this criteria to inversion problems, functional calculus, affiliation results and to the study of the evolution group generated by a magnetic pseud...

  3. Models and criteria for LLW disposal performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A primary objective of the Low Level Waste (LLW) Management Program is to assure that public health is protected. Predictive modeling, to some extent, will play a role in meeting this objective. This paper considers the requirements and limitations of predictive modeling in providing useful inputs to waste mangement decision making. In addition, criteria development needs and the relation between criteria and models are discussed

  4. Criteria for medicines management in hospitals

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksson, Tommy; Söderlund, Lars-Åke; Alenius, Malin

    2011-01-01

    Study objectives: The aim of this study was to develop quality criteria for further development and use in the Medicines Management(MM) process in European hospitals. Methods: Criteria for MM were developed in three steps using a modified two-stage Delphi-technique. In the first step a literature search was performed and 300 topics were listed. These topics were grouped into three dimensions, eight main and 23 sub areas, rephrased and a questionnaire including 114 criteri...

  5. Choice Criteria of Cosmetics among Chinese Consumers

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Zhu

    2014-01-01

    Becoming familiar with consumers’ choice criteria towards a certain kind of product can help marketers tailor more efficient market strategies. Cosmetics play a very important part in the lives of women. Plautus asserted, “A woman without paint is like food without salt”. In recent years, the Chinese cosmetic market has flourished. The aim of this dissertation is to understand the choice criteria of cosmetics in the context of the Chinese market. Country-of-origin, brand image and quality are...

  6. Extended BRS algebra and color confinement criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We examine the color-confinement criteria proposed by Kugo and Ojima. With the use of the extended BRS symmetry and the Nakanishi's theorem, we look for the representations of the BRS algebra compatible with the first condition of their criteria (the K-O condition) and then ask whether or not they are physically acceptable. As a result, the quartet mechanism does not work, and the K-O condition is not regarded as a confinement condition. (author)

  7. Structuring multi-criteria portfolio analysis models

    OpenAIRE

    Montibeller, Gilberto; Franco, Alberto; Lord, Ewan; Iglesias, Aline

    2008-01-01

    Multi-Criteria Portfolio Analysis (MCPA) models have been extensively employed as an effective means to allocate scarce resources for investment in projects or services, considering different organisational areas and balancing costs, benefits & risks. However, structuring this type of models in practice is not a trivial task. How should be areas defined? Where should new projects be included? How should one define the criteria to evaluate performance? As far as the authors are aware, there is...

  8. Modernizing Eligibility Criteria for Molecularly Driven Trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Edward S; Bernstein, David; Hilsenbeck, Susan G; Chung, Christine H; Dicker, Adam P; Ersek, Jennifer L; Stein, Steven; Khuri, Fadlo R; Burgess, Earle; Hunt, Kelly; Ivy, Percy; Bruinooge, Suanna S; Meropol, Neal; Schilsky, Richard L

    2015-09-01

    As more clinical trials of molecularly targeted agents evolve, the number of eligibility criteria seems to be increasing. The importance and utility of eligibility criteria must be considered in the context of the fundamental goal of a clinical trial: to understand the risks and benefits of a treatment in the intended-use patient population. Although eligibility criteria are necessary to define the population under study and conduct trials safely, excessive requirements may severely restrict the population available for study, and often, this population is not reflective of the general population for which the drug would be prescribed. The American Society of Clinical Oncology Cancer Research Committee, which comprises academic faculty, industry representatives, and patient advocates, evaluated this issue. Evaluation results were mixed. Most physicians agreed that excessive eligibility criterias slow study enrollment rates and prolong the duration of enrollment; however, this hypothesis was difficult to validate with the data examined. We propose the organization of a public workshop, with input from regulatory bodies and key stakeholders, with the goal of developing an algorithmic approach to determining eligibility criteria for individual study protocols, which may help guide future investigators and companies in streamlining eligibility criteria in the era of molecularly driven therapy. PMID:26195710

  9. Photovoltaic system criteria documents. Volume 3: Environmental issues and evaluation criteria for photovoltaic applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koenig, John C.; Billitti, Joseph W.; Tallon, John M.

    1979-01-01

    The environmental issues and evaluation criteria relating to the suitability of sites proposed for photovoltaic (PV) system deployment are identified. The important issues are defined, briefly discussed and then developed into evaluation criteria. System designers are provided with information on the environmental sensitivity of PV systems in realistic applications, background material which indicates the applicability of the siting issues identified, and evaluation criteria are defined to facilitate the selection of sites that maximize PV system operation.

  10. 15th December 2010 - World Intellectual Property Organization Director-General F. Gurry signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer; visiting CMS control room, experimental cavern and LHC tunnel with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson J. Incandela, accompanied by M. Bona.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    CERN-HI-1012325 36, from left to right: WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center, Global Issues Sector Director E. Wilbers; CERN Adviser, Relations with International Organisations, M. Bona; CMS Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson, University of California Santa Barbara J. Incandela; WIPO Deputy Director General, Global Issues Sector J. C. Wichard; WIPO Director-General F. Gurry; WIPO Executive Director and Chief of Staff, Office of the Director General N. Prasad.

  11. DOE Standard: Fire protection design criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-07-01

    The development of this Standard reflects the fact that national consensus standards and other design criteria do not comprehensively or, in some cases, adequately address fire protection issues at DOE facilities. This Standard provides supplemental fire protection guidance applicable to the design and construction of DOE facilities and site features (such as water distribution systems) that are also provided for fire protection. It is intended to be used in conjunction with the applicable building code, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Codes and Standards, and any other applicable DOE construction criteria. This Standard replaces certain mandatory fire protection requirements that were formerly in DOE 5480.7A, ``Fire Protection``, and DOE 6430.1A, ``General Design Criteria``. It also contains the fire protection guidelines from two (now canceled) draft standards: ``Glove Box Fire Protection`` and ``Filter Plenum Fire Protection``. (Note: This Standard does not supersede the requirements of DOE 5480.7A and DOE 6430.1A where these DOE Orders are currently applicable under existing contracts.) This Standard, along with the criteria delineated in Section 3, constitutes the basic criteria for satisfying DOE fire and life safety objectives for the design and construction or renovation of DOE facilities.

  12. DOE Standard: Fire protection design criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of this Standard reflects the fact that national consensus standards and other design criteria do not comprehensively or, in some cases, adequately address fire protection issues at DOE facilities. This Standard provides supplemental fire protection guidance applicable to the design and construction of DOE facilities and site features (such as water distribution systems) that are also provided for fire protection. It is intended to be used in conjunction with the applicable building code, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Codes and Standards, and any other applicable DOE construction criteria. This Standard replaces certain mandatory fire protection requirements that were formerly in DOE 5480.7A, ''Fire Protection'', and DOE 6430.1A, ''General Design Criteria''. It also contains the fire protection guidelines from two (now canceled) draft standards: ''Glove Box Fire Protection'' and ''Filter Plenum Fire Protection''. (Note: This Standard does not supersede the requirements of DOE 5480.7A and DOE 6430.1A where these DOE Orders are currently applicable under existing contracts.) This Standard, along with the criteria delineated in Section 3, constitutes the basic criteria for satisfying DOE fire and life safety objectives for the design and construction or renovation of DOE facilities

  13. The Criteria for Determining the Business Failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luminiţa TULEAŞCĂ

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The business failure represents a current problem in any economic and social context and, for this reason, the legislator has been concerned with the regulation of the criteria based on which to accurately determine the failure of a business man when the case. The liquidity test and the balance sheet test, or the insolvency and insolvability are the criteria for determining the business failure usually materialized by undergoing the bankruptcy procedure. The legislator’s option for one or another of these criteria represents a structural option depending on the legal culture of each state however, considering the economic causes and effects of the insolvability and insolvency, that tends to remove the unilateral, exclusivist options. This paper illustrates significant option differences between the criteria for determining the business failure in the member states of the European Union which is the most used criterion and, if these criteria can be equally used in the banking and insurance sector. Last but not least, the paper illustrates the meanings of insolvency and insolvability in different matters and different laws and the need to eliminate the reserve that the Romanian doctrine manifests towards the insolvability concept as a cause for bankruptcy.

  14. Comparative Study of Airfoil Flow Separation Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laws, Nick; Kahouli, Waad; Epps, Brenden

    2015-11-01

    Airfoil flow separation impacts a multitude of applications including turbomachinery, wind turbines, and bio-inspired micro-aerial vehicles. In order to achieve maximum performance, some devices operate near the edge of flow separation, and others use dynamic flow separation advantageously. Numerous criteria exist for predicting the onset of airfoil flow separation. This talk presents a comparative study of a number of such criteria, with emphasis paid to speed and accuracy of the calculations. We evaluate the criteria using a two-dimensional unsteady vortex lattice method, which allows for rapid analysis (on the order of seconds instead of days for a full Navier-Stokes solution) and design of optimal airfoil geometry and kinematics. Furthermore, dynamic analyses permit evaluation of dynamic stall conditions for enhanced lift via leading edge vortex shedding, commonly present in small flapping-wing flyers such as the bumblebee and hummingbird.

  15. Maintenance evaluation using risk based criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The maintenance evaluation is currently performed by using economic and, in some case, technical equipment failure criteria, however this is done to a specific equipment level. In general, when statistics are used the analysis for maintenance optimization are made isolated and whit a post mortem character; The integration provided by mean of Probabilistic Safety assessment (PSA) together with the possibilities of its applications, allow for evaluation of maintenance on the basis of broader scope criteria in regard to those traditionally used. The evaluate maintenance using risk based criteria, is necessary to follow a dynamic and systematic approach, in studying the maintenance strategy, to allow for updating the initial probabilistic models, for including operational changes that often take place during operation of complex facilities. This paper proposes a dynamic evaluation system of maintenance task. The system is illustrated by means of a practical example

  16. Squale: evaluation criteria of functioning safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SQUALE (security, safety and quality evaluation for dependable systems) project is part of the ACTS (advanced communications, technologies and services) European program. Its aim is to develop confidence evaluation criteria to test the functioning safety of systems. All industrial sectors that use critical applications (nuclear, railway, aerospace..) are concerned. SQUALE evaluation criteria differ from the classical evaluation methods: they are independent of the application domains and industrial sectors, they take into account the overall functioning safety attributes, and they can progressively change according to the level of severity required. In order to validate the approach and to refine the criteria, a first experiment is in progress with the METEOR automatic underground railway and another will be carried out on a telecommunication system developed by Bouygues company. (J.S.)

  17. Plugging criteria for WWER SG tubes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Papp, L.; Wilam, M. [Vitkovice NPP Services (Switzerland); Herman, M. [Vuje, Trnava (Slovakia)

    1997-12-31

    At operated Czech and Slovak nuclear power plants the 80 % criteria for crack or other bulk defect depth is used for steam generator heat exchanging tubes plugging. This criteria was accepted as the recommendation of designer of WWER steam generators. Verification of this criteria was the objective of experimental program performed by Vitkovice, J.S.C., UJV Rez, J.S.C. and Vuje Trnava, J.S.C .. Within this program the following factors were studied: (1) Influence of secondary water chemistry on defects initiation and propagation, (2) Statistical evaluation of corrosion defects progression at operated SG, and (3) Determination of critical pressure for tube rupture as a function of eddy current indications. In this presentation items (2) and (3) are considered.

  18. Plugging criteria for WWER SG tubes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At operated Czech and Slovak nuclear power plants the 80 % criteria for crack or other bulk defect depth is used for steam generator heat exchanging tubes plugging. This criteria was accepted as the recommendation of designer of WWER steam generators. Verification of this criteria was the objective of experimental program performed by Vitkovice, J.S.C., UJV Rez, J.S.C. and Vuje Trnava, J.S.C .. Within this program the following factors were studied: (1) Influence of secondary water chemistry on defects initiation and propagation, (2) Statistical evaluation of corrosion defects progression at operated SG, and (3) Determination of critical pressure for tube rupture as a function of eddy current indications. In this presentation items (2) and (3) are considered

  19. Clinical Criteria for Physician Aid in Dying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orentlicher, David; Pope, Thaddeus Mason; Rich, Ben A

    2016-03-01

    More than 20 years ago, even before voters in Oregon had enacted the first aid in dying (AID) statute in the United States, Timothy Quill and colleagues proposed clinical criteria AID. Their proposal was carefully considered and temperate, but there were little data on the practice of AID at the time. (With AID, a physician writes a prescription for life-ending medication for a terminally ill, mentally capacitated adult.) With the passage of time, a substantial body of data on AID has developed from the states of Oregon and Washington. For more than 17 years, physicians in Oregon have been authorized to provide a prescription for AID. Accordingly, we have updated the clinical criteria of Quill, et al., based on the many years of experience with AID. With more jurisdictions authorizing AID, it is critical that physicians can turn to reliable clinical criteria. As with any medical practice, AID must be provided in a safe and effective manner. Physicians need to know (1) how to respond to a patient's inquiry about AID, (2) how to assess patient decision making capacity, and (3) how to address a range of other issues that may arise. To ensure that physicians have the guidance they need, Compassion & Choices convened the Physician Aid-in-Dying Clinical Criteria Committee, in July 2012, to create clinical criteria for physicians who are willing to provide AID to patients who request it. The committee includes experts in medicine, law, bioethics, hospice, nursing, social work, and pharmacy. Using an iterative consensus process, the Committee drafted the criteria over a one-year period. PMID:26539979

  20. Hanford Site solid waste acceptance criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Order 5820.2A requires that each treatment, storage, and/or disposal facility (referred to in this document as TSD unit) that manages low-level or transuranic waste (including mixed waste and TSCA PCB waste) maintain waste acceptance criteria. These criteria must address the various requirements to operate the TSD unit in compliance with applicable safety and environmental requirements. This document sets forth the baseline criteria for acceptance of radioactive waste at TSD units operated by WMH. The criteria for each TSD unit have been established to ensure that waste accepted can be managed in a manner that is within the operating requirements of the unit, including environmental regulations, DOE Orders, permits, technical safety requirements, waste analysis plans, performance assessments, and other applicable requirements. Acceptance criteria apply to the following TSD units: the Low-Level Burial Grounds (LLBG) including both the nonregulated portions of the LLBG and trenches 31 and 34 of the 218-W-5 Burial Ground for mixed waste disposal; Central Waste Complex (CWC); Waste Receiving and Processing Facility (WRAP); and T Plant Complex. Waste from all generators, both from the Hanford Site and from offsite facilities, must comply with these criteria. Exceptions can be granted as provided in Section 1.6. Specific waste streams could have additional requirements based on the 1901 identified TSD pathway. These requirements are communicated in the Waste Specification Records (WSRds). The Hanford Site manages nonradioactive waste through direct shipments to offsite contractors. The waste acceptance requirements of the offsite TSD facility must be met for these nonradioactive wastes. This document does not address the acceptance requirements of these offsite facilities

  1. Defining criteria related to wastes for use in multi-criteria decision tool for nuclear accidents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Diogo N.G.; Guimaraes, Jean R.D., E-mail: dneves@biof.ufrj.br, E-mail: jeanrdg@biof.ufrj.br [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Instituto de Biofisica Carlos Chagas Filho; Rochedo, Elaine R.R.; De Luca, Christiano, E-mail: elainerochedo@gmail.com, E-mail: christiano_luca@hotmail.com [Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Nuclear; Rochedo, Pedro R.R., E-mail: rochedopedro@gmail.com [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Instituto Alberto Luiz Coimbra de Pos-Graduacao e Pesquisa de Engenharia

    2013-07-01

    The selection of protective measures and strategies for remediation of contaminated areas after a nuclear accident must be based on previously established criteria in order to prevent stress of the population and the unnecessary exposure of workers. After a nuclear accident resulting in environmental contamination, decisions on remediation of areas is complex due to the large numbers of factors involved in decontamination processes. This work is part of a project which aims to develop a multi-criteria tool to support a decision-making process in cases of a radiological or a nuclear accident in Brazil. First, a database of remediation strategies for contaminated areas was created. In this process, the most relevant aspects for the implementation of these strategies were considered, including technical criteria regarding aspects related to the generation of wastes in a reference urban area, which are discussed in this paper. The specific objective of this study is to define criteria for the aspects of radioactive wastes, resulted by the implementation of some urban measures, in order to be incorporated in a multi-criteria decision tool. Main aspects considered were the type, the amount and the type of treatment necessary for each procedure. The decontamination procedures are then classified according to the selected criteria in order to feed the multi-criteria decision tool. This paper describes the steps for the establishment of these criteria and evaluates the potential for future applications in order to improve predictions and to support the decisions to be made. (author)

  2. 78 FR 38091 - Airworthiness Criteria: Proposed Airship Design Criteria for Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Model...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-19478), as well as at http://DocketsInfo.dot.gov . Docket... Federal Aviation Administration Airworthiness Criteria: Proposed Airship Design Criteria for Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Model LMZ1M Airship AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION:...

  3. NEVADA TEST SITE WASTE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) waste acceptance criteria (WAC). The WAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada Test Site (NTS) will accept low-level radioactive (LLW) and mixed waste (MW) for disposal. It includes requirements for the generator waste certification program, characterization, traceability, waste form, packaging, and transfer. The criteria apply to radioactive waste received at the NTS Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) for storage or disposal

  4. NEVADA TEST SITE WASTE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document establishes the U. S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) waste acceptance criteria (WAC). The WAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada Test Site will accept low-level radioactive and mixed waste for disposal. Mixed waste generated within the State of Nevada by NNSA/NSO activities is accepted for disposal. It includes requirements for the generator waste certification program, characterization, traceability, waste form, packaging, and transfer. The criteria apply to radioactive waste received at the Nevada Test Site Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site for storage or disposal

  5. Nevada Test Site Waste Acceptance Criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) waste acceptance criteria (WAC). The WAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada Test Site (NTS) will accept low-level radioactive (LLW) and mixed waste (MW) for disposal. It includes requirements for the generator waste certification program, characterization, traceability, waste form, packaging, and transfer. The criteria apply to radioactive waste received at the NTS Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) for storage or disposal

  6. Finnish safety criteria for geological waste disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author presented the history of the development of regulations for spent fuel disposal in Finland. The government decision 478/1999 introduced safety criteria which depend on the time frames: dose constraints in the first thousands of years, radionuclide release constraints up to 100 000 years and qualitative arguments in the longer time frames. J. Vira stressed the importance of ethical considerations for deriving the regulation. Since these criteria met a wide acceptance it is not felt advisable to revise them in the near future. (author)

  7. Hanford Site Solid Waste Acceptance Criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This manual defines the Hanford Site radioactive, hazardous, and sanitary solid waste acceptance criteria. Criteria in the manual represent a guide for meeting state and federal regulations; DOE Orders; Hanford Site requirements; and other rules, regulations, guidelines, and standards as they apply to acceptance of radioactive and hazardous solid waste at the Hanford Site. It is not the intent of this manual to be all inclusive of the regulations; rather, it is intended that the manual provide the waste generator with only the requirements that waste must meet in order to be accepted at Hanford Site TSD facilities

  8. Snell Envelope with Small Probability Criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a new algorithm to compute the Snell envelope in the specific case where the criteria to optimize is associated with a small probability or a rare event. This new approach combines the Stochastic Mesh approach of Broadie and Glasserman with a particle approximation scheme based on a specific change of measure designed to concentrate the computational effort in regions pointed out by the criteria. The theoretical analysis of this new algorithm provides non asymptotic convergence estimates. Finally, the numerical tests confirm the practical interest of this approach.

  9. Revised response criteria for malignant lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cheson, Bruce D; Pfistner, Beate; Juweid, Malik E;

    2007-01-01

    incorporating PET, IHC, and flow cytometry for definitions of response in non-Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's lymphoma. Standardized definitions of end points are provided. CONCLUSION: We hope that these guidelines will be adopted widely by study groups, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, and regulatory......PURPOSE: Standardized response criteria are needed to interpret and compare clinical trials and for approval of new therapeutic agents by regulatory agencies. METHODS: The International Working Group response criteria (Cheson et al, J Clin Oncol 17:1244, 1999) were widely adopted, but required...

  10. Hanford Site Solid Waste Acceptance Criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-11-17

    This manual defines the Hanford Site radioactive, hazardous, and sanitary solid waste acceptance criteria. Criteria in the manual represent a guide for meeting state and federal regulations; DOE Orders; Hanford Site requirements; and other rules, regulations, guidelines, and standards as they apply to acceptance of radioactive and hazardous solid waste at the Hanford Site. It is not the intent of this manual to be all inclusive of the regulations; rather, it is intended that the manual provide the waste generator with only the requirements that waste must meet in order to be accepted at Hanford Site TSD facilities.

  11. Packaging design criteria for the MCO cask

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Approximately 2,100 metric tons of unprocessed, irradiated nuclear fuel elements are presently stored in the K Basins. To permit cleanup of the K Basins and fuel conditioning, the fuel will be transported from the K Basins to a Canister Storage Building in the 200 East Area. The purpose of this packaging design criteria is to provide criteria for the design, fabrication, and use of a packaging system to transport the large quantities of irradiated nuclear fuel elements positioned within Multiple Canister Overpacks

  12. Nevada Test Site Waste Acceptance Criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    U. S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office

    2005-10-01

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) waste acceptance criteria (WAC). The WAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada Test Site (NTS) will accept low-level radioactive (LLW) and mixed waste (MW) for disposal. It includes requirements for the generator waste certification program, characterization, traceability, waste form, packaging, and transfer. The criteria apply to radioactive waste received at the NTS Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) for storage or disposal.

  13. NEVADA TEST SITE WASTE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, NEVADA SITE OFFICE

    2005-07-01

    This document establishes the U. S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) waste acceptance criteria (WAC). The WAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada Test Site will accept low-level radioactive and mixed waste for disposal. Mixed waste generated within the State of Nevada by NNSA/NSO activities is accepted for disposal. It includes requirements for the generator waste certification program, characterization, traceability, waste form, packaging, and transfer. The criteria apply to radioactive waste received at the Nevada Test Site Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site for storage or disposal.

  14. Report on Criteria for Endocrine Disrupters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holbech, Henrik

    This report has been prepared by the Danish Centre on Endocrine Disrupters as a project contracted by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency. The Danish Centre on Endocrine Disrupters is an interdisciplinary scientific network without walls. The main purpose of the Centre is to build and gather...... overall aim of this project is to provide a science based proposal for criteria for endocrine disrupters. The terms of reference for the project specify elements to be included and/or addressed when developing the criteria (Annex 1). Also, several international reports and papers dealing with assessment...

  15. Proliferation resistance criteria for fissile material disposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 1994 National Academy of Sciences study open-quotes Management and Disposition of Excess Weapons Plutoniumclose quotes defined options for reducing the national and international proliferation risks of materials declared excess to the nuclear weapons program. This report proposes criteria for assessing the proliferation resistance of these options. The criteria are general, encompassing all stages of the disposition process from storage through intermediate processing to final disposition including the facilities, processing technologies and materials, the level of safeguards for these materials, and the national/subnational threat to the materials

  16. History and Evolution of the Johnson Criteria.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sjaardema, Tracy A. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Smith, Collin S. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Birch, Gabriel Carisle [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-07-01

    The Johnson Criteria metric calculates probability of detection of an object imaged by an optical system, and was created in 1958 by John Johnson. As understanding of target detection has improved, detection models have evolved to better model additional factors such as weather, scene content, and object placement. The initial Johnson Criteria, while sufficient for technology and understanding at the time, does not accurately reflect current research into target acquisition and technology. Even though current research shows a dependence on human factors, there appears to be a lack of testing and modeling of human variability.

  17. Nevada Test Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NTSWAC)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office, Nevada Test Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NTSWAC). The NTSWAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada Test Site will accept low-level radioactive (LLW) and LLW Mixed Waste (MW) for disposal

  18. Quantum teleportation criteria for continuous variables

    OpenAIRE

    Grangier, Philippe; Grosshans, Frederic

    2000-01-01

    We discuss the criteria presently used for evaluating the efficiency of quantum teleportation schemes for continuous variables. It is argued that the fidelity criterion used so far has some severe drawbacks, and that a fidelity value larger than 2/3 is actually required for successful quantum teleportation. This value has never been reached experimentally so far.

  19. 10 CFR 905.36 - Marketing criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... contracts. Western must retain important marketing plan provisions such as classes of service, marketing... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing criteria. 905.36 Section 905.36 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Power Marketing Initiative § 905.36...

  20. Safety criteria for nuclear chemical plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Safety measures have always been required to limit the hazards due to accidental release of radioactive substances from nuclear power plants and chemical plants. The risk associated with the discharge of radioactive substances during normal operation has also to be kept acceptably low. BNFL (British Nuclear Fuels Ltd.) are developing risk criteria as targets for safe plant design and operation. The numerical values derived are compared with these criteria to see if plants are 'acceptably safe'. However, the criteria are not mandatory and may be exceeded if this can be justified. The risk assessments are subject to independent review and audit. The Nuclear Installations Inspectorate also has to pass the plants as safe. The assessment principles it uses are stated. The development of risk criteria for a multiplant site (nuclear chemical plants tend to be sited with many others which are related functionally) is discussed. This covers individual members of the general public, societal risks, risks to the workforce and external hazards. (U.K.)

  1. 32 CFR 525.3 - Criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Criteria. 525.3 Section 525.3 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS ENTRY.... Unauthorized marine vessels and aircraft will be seized for prosecution along with the crew, passengers,...

  2. 6 CFR 17.505 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 17.505 Employment... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment criteria. 17.505 Section...

  3. 40 CFR 5.505 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.505 Employment... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment criteria. 5.505 Section...

  4. 31 CFR 28.505 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 28.505 Employment... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment criteria. 28.505...

  5. 14 CFR 1253.505 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 1253.505 Employment... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employment criteria. 1253.505 Section...

  6. 34 CFR 106.52 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment criteria. 106.52 Section 106.52 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION... Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited §...

  7. Eigenvalues of the -Laplacian and disconjugacy criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinasco Juan P

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We derive oscillation and nonoscillation criteria for the one-dimensional -Laplacian in terms of an eigenvalue inequality for a mixed problem. We generalize the results obtained in the linear case by Nehari and Willett, and the proof is based on a Picone-type identity.

  8. 24 CFR 8.12 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... applicant's or employee's job skills, aptitude, or whatever other factor the test purports to measure... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Employment § 8.12 Employment criteria. (a) A recipient may not use any employment test... any class of individuals with handicaps unless: (1) The recipient demonstrates that the test score...

  9. 45 CFR 84.13 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., the test results accurately reflect the applicant's or employee's job skills, aptitude, or whatever... Employment criteria. (a) A recipient may not make use of any employment test or other selection criterion...: (1) The test score or other selection criterion, as used by the recipient, is shown to be...

  10. 10 CFR 1040.68 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., the test results accurately reflect the applicant's or employee's job skills, aptitude or other... Practices § 1040.68 Employment criteria. (a) A recipient may not use any employment test or other selection criterion that screens out or tends to screen out handicapped persons unless the test score or...

  11. 38 CFR 18.413 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... accurately reflect the applicant's or employee's job skills, aptitude, or whatever other factor the test... Employment criteria. (a) A recipient may not use any employment test or other selection criterion that... test score or other selection criterion, as used by the recipient, is shown to be job-related for...

  12. 22 CFR 142.13 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... results accurately reflect the applicant's or employee's job skills, aptitude, or whatever factor the test... criteria. (a) A recipient may not make use of any employment test or other selection criterion that screens... test score or other selection criterion, as used by the recipient, is shown to be job-related for...

  13. 22 CFR 217.13 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., the test results accurately reflect the applicant's or employee's job skills, aptitude, or whatever... criteria. (a) A recipient may not make use of any employment test or other selection criterion that screens... test score or other selection criterion, as used by the recipient, is shown to be job-related for...

  14. 15 CFR 8b.13 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... job skills aptitude, or whatever factor the test purports to measure, rather than reflecting the... Practices § 8b.13 Employment criteria. (a) A recipient may not make use of any employment test or other... handicapped individuals unless; (1) The test score or other selection criterion, as used by the recipient,...

  15. Recent developemts in multiple criteria decision making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Zionts

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Problems involving more than one criterion abound. To help in the solution of such problems, a field of management science and operations research known as multiple criteria decision making (MCDM has emerged to help solve such problems. In this paper we discuss some recent developments in this important field.

  16. The evolution of radiation protection criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    History of appearance and substantiation of radiation propection criteria for human body was considered in short. Necessity of quantitative estimation of radiation risk was shown and values of this risk are given. For the USA and Britain occupations radiation carcinogenesis density and information on the individual radiation dose distribution are shown according to the ICRP data of the 80-ies

  17. 16 CFR 1301.5 - Banning criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Banning criteria. 1301.5 Section 1301.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS BAN OF... being distributed in commerce on or after the effective date of this ban and which has an...

  18. Harmonized diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morris, J C; Blennow, K; Froelich, L;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Two major sets of criteria for the clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) recently have been published, one from an International Working Group (IWG) and the other from working groups convened by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) and the Alzheimer's Association (AA) in the...

  19. 47 CFR 213.6 - Criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CORRESPONDENCE TELECOMMUNICATIONS PRECEDENCE SYSTEM § 213.6 Criteria. (a) Flash, Flash Emergency. (1) This is the...) Flash, or Flash Emergency telephone calls or messages shall be handled in the order received and ahead... necessary to obtain a circuit for a Flash, or Flash Emergency call any call in progress of a...

  20. 7 CFR 4290.370 - Evaluation criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Evaluation and Selection of RBICs § 4290.370 Evaluation criteria. Of those Applicants whose management team... following criteria— (a) Whether the Applicant's management team has the knowledge, experience, and... development and the creation of wealth and job opportunities in the Rural Areas in which it intends to...

  1. 43 CFR 17.212 - Employment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., manual, or speaking skills the test results accurately reflect the applicant's or employee's job skills... shown to be job-related for the position in question, and (2) alternative job-related tests or criteria... test purports to measure). (c) All job qualifications must be shown to be directly related to the...

  2. VDTT removal system functional design criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two Velocity Density Temperature Trees (H-2-815016) are to be removed from risers 14A and 1B of tank 241-SY-101. This document provides functional design criteria for the removal system. The removal system consists of a Liquid Removal Tool, Flexible Receiver (H-2-79216), Burial Container, Transport Trailers, and associated equipment

  3. IHE material qualification tests description and criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slape, R J [comp.

    1984-06-01

    This report describes the qualification tests presently being used at Pantex Plant, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and Los Alamos National Laboratory that are required by the Department of Energy prior to the approval for an explosive as an Insensitive High Explosive (IHE) material. The acceptance criteria of each test for IHE qualification is also discussed. 5 references, 10 figures.

  4. Sharper criteria for the wave collapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuznetsov, E.A.; Juul Rasmussen, J.; Rypdal, K.;

    1995-01-01

    Sharper criteria for three-dimensional wave collapse described by the Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation (NLSE) are derived. The collapse threshold corresponds to the ground state soliton which is known to be unstable. Thus, for nonprefocusing distributions this represents the separatrix between...

  5. Portfolio Criteria and Corollary Assessment Instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musolino, Gina M.

    This guide presents portfolio criteria and a corollary assessment instrument for physical therapy students enrolled in the Nova Southeastern University Physical Therapy Program. The paper begins by listing the program's desired outcomes for its graduates, the definition of physical therapy, the components of a portfolio, and providing a glossary…

  6. 7 CFR 658.5 - Criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., fruit trees and vines, field terraces, drainage, irrigation, waterways, or other soil and water... AGRICULTURE SUPPORT ACTIVITIES FARMLAND PROTECTION POLICY ACT § 658.5 Criteria. This section states the... and policies of the State or local unit of government in which the site is located. Where one...

  7. MDS research criteria for prodromal Parkinson's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, D; Postuma, R.B.; Adler, C.H.; Bloem, B.R.; Chan, P.; Dubois, B.; Gasser, T.; Goetz, C.G.; Halliday, G.; Joseph, L.; Lang, A.E.; Liepelt-Scarfone, I.; Litvan, I.; Marek, K.; Obeso, J.; Oertel, W.; Olanow, C.W.; Poewe, W.; Stern, M.; Deuschl, G.

    2015-01-01

    This article describes research criteria and probability methodology for the diagnosis of prodromal PD. Prodromal disease refers to the stage wherein early symptoms or signs of PD neurodegeneration are present, but classic clinical diagnosis based on fully evolved motor parkinsonism is not yet possi

  8. Nevada Test Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NTSWAC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NNSA/NSO Waste Management Project

    2008-06-01

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office, Nevada Test Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NTSWAC). The NTSWAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada Test Site will accept low-level radioactive (LLW) and LLW Mixed Waste (MW) for disposal.

  9. Manpower Planning Criteria Manual, Construction Grants Section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas State Dept. of Water Resources, Austin.

    This document presents the material developed in conjunction with a project directed to test a methodology that a state water pollution control agency can use in determining its manpower and training needs. Included is a compilation of the manpower planning criteria used to relate numbers and types of personnel with deferred workloads. It also…

  10. Criteria for the selection of ERP software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of an ERP software package is an important investment for an organization, which is characterized also by a high degree of risk. Selecting the most appropriate software is a necessary condition for a successful implementation. This paper is describing the major aspects of software selection in general and the relevant criteria in the case of ERP software.

  11. 13 CFR 108.360 - Evaluation criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Section 108.360 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Evaluation and Selection of NMVC Companies § 108.360 Evaluation criteria. SBA will... Developmental Venture Capital investments in the LI Areas in which the Applicant intends to invest; (f)...

  12. Regularized multiple criteria linear programs for classification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Yong; TIAN YingJie; CHEN XiaoJun; ZHANG Peng

    2009-01-01

    Although multiple criteria mathematical program (MCMP), as an alternative method of classification, has been used in various real-life data mining problems, its mathematical structure of solvability is still challengeable. This paper proposes a regularized multiple criteria linear program (RMCLP) for two classes of classification problems. It first adds some regularization terms in the objective function of the known multiple criteria linear program (MCLP) model for possible existence of solution. Then the paper describes the mathematical framework of the solvability. Finally, a series of experimental tests are conducted to illustrate the performance of the proposed RMCLP with the existing methods: MCLP, multiple criteria quadratic program (MCQP), and support vector machine (SVM). The results of four publicly available datasets and a real-life credit dataset all show that RMCLP is a competitive method in classification. Furthermore, this paper explores an ordinal RMCLP (ORMCLP) model for ordinal multi-group problems. Comparing ORMCLP with traditional methods such as One-Against-One, One-Against-The rest on large-scale credit card dataset, experimental results show that both ORMCLP and RMCLP perform well.

  13. Studies in Criticality Control: Design Criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Criteria are developed to assist plant designers, operating personnel, and safeguards review groups in eliminating criticality hazards normally associated with operating nuclear reactors and chemical plants processing fissionable material. The criteria are conservative both from the nature of the analytical treatment and from the choice of nuclear parameters used in the analysis. They are not, however, so conservative as to be unduly restrictive. Large homogeneous systems are made critically safe either by the use of a homogeneously distributed poison or by the superposition of a lattice opaque to thermal neutrons. Individual units of any array are isolated from each other by poison-moderator shells surrounding each unit. The treatment supplements the more conventional presentations which rely almost entirely on mass, density, and volume limitations for units and on geometric specifications for arrays of units. Problems of interaction are eliminated because one has either isolated units or infinitely large, critically safe units. Wherever the results of these studies have been compared with critical experiments, the conservative, but realistic, nature of the treatment has been confirmed. The criteria show unambiguously what situations are safe and what situations require more elaborate analysis before they can be classified as safe or hazardous. The criteria are displayed as families of curves which attempt to cover the entire range of interesting values of a system's parameters. The general systems are easily related to specific problems. (author)

  14. Identifying Effectiveness Criteria for Internet Payment Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shon, Tae-Hwan; Swatman, Paula M. C.

    1998-01-01

    Examines Internet payment systems (IPS): third-party, card, secure Web server, electronic token, financial electronic data interchange (EDI), and micropayment based. Reports the results of a Delphi survey of experts identifying and classifying IPS effectiveness criteria and classifying types of IPS providers. Includes the survey invitation letter…

  15. 46 CFR 249.5 - Eligibility criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... OPERATORS APPROVAL OF UNDERWRITERS FOR MARINE HULL INSURANCE § 249.5 Eligibility criteria. (a) U.S...'s Insurance Reports, and the amount of insurance does not exceed the limitation on risk prescribed... paragraphs (b) (1) and (2) of this section, may also be eligible to participate in the writing of marine...

  16. 7 CFR 1786.54 - Eligibility criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PREPAYMENT OF RUS GUARANTEED AND INSURED LOANS TO ELECTRIC AND TELEPHONE BORROWERS Special Discounted Prepayments on RUS Direct/Insured Loans § 1786.54 Eligibility criteria. To be eligible to prepay RUS Notes at the Discounted Present Value a borrower must comply with the...

  17. Brain Death,Concept and Criteria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The concept of brain death originated in France. In 1959, the French scholars P. Mollaret and M. Goulon proposed the concept of "coma de- passe" or "brain death" for the first time and reported 23 cases with such symptoms. The first guidelines (the Harvard criteria) for diagnosing brain death was established in 1968, defining brain death

  18. Multiple cost criteria for occupational dose reduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes a simple, feasible procedure for deciding if a proposed dose reduction measure is justified under ALARA, based on engineering economic principles of project feasibility analysis. Particular attention is given to the fixing of cost criteria: the importance of melding disparate objectives into a single parameter, and the distinction between a cost criterion and a cost consideration. (author)

  19. 15 CFR 296.21 - Evaluation criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Evaluation criteria. 296.21 Section 296.21 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade NATIONAL..., including contractors and/or informal collaborators, and have access to the necessary resources, for...

  20. Evaluation criteria for spectral design of camouflage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Škerlind, Christina; Fagerström, Jan; Hallberg, Tomas; Kariis, Hans

    2015-10-01

    In development of visual (VIS) and infrared (IR) camouflage for signature management, the aim is the design of surface properties of an object to spectrally match or adapt to a background and thereby minimizing the contrast perceived by a threatening sensor. The so called 'ladder model" relates the requirements for task measure of effectiveness with surface structure properties through the steps signature effectiveness and object signature. It is intended to link materials properties via platform signature to military utility and vice versa. Spectral design of a surface intends to give it a desired wavelength dependent optical response to fit a specific application of interest. Six evaluation criteria were stated, with the aim to aid the process to put requirement on camouflage and for evaluation. The six criteria correspond to properties such as reflectance, gloss, emissivity, and degree of polarization as well as dynamic properties, and broadband or multispectral properties. These criteria have previously been exemplified on different kinds of materials and investigated separately. Anderson and Åkerlind further point out that the six criteria rarely were considered or described all together in one and same publication previously. The specific level of requirement of the different properties must be specified individually for each specific situation and environment to minimize the contrast between target and a background. The criteria or properties are not totally independent of one another. How they are correlated is part of the theme of this paper. However, prioritization has been made due to the limit of space. Therefore all of the interconnections between the six criteria will not be considered in the work of this report. The ladder step previous to digging into the different material composition possibilities and choice of suitable materials and structures (not covered here), includes the object signature and decision of what the spectral response should be

  1. 24 CFR 594.17 - General criteria for competitive selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General criteria for competitive... Allocation and Criteria § 594.17 General criteria for competitive selection. (a) Criteria. HUD will use the... (5) The quality of the strategy to increase the capacity of the organization and the...

  2. Student-Focused Assessment Criteria: Thinking through Best Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worth, Nancy

    2014-01-01

    Using results from a survey and focus groups with staff and students, I evaluate best practice for student-focused assessment criteria, including the value of specific assessment criteria, where and when students engage with criteria, the use of exemplars, how assessment criteria connect to feedback and the importance of bringing students more…

  3. Developing 2 C-compatible investment criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report studies the development of criteria for assessing the compatibility of financial investments with the international goal to limit global temperature increase to below 2 C above pre-industrial levels. The findings are intended as a starting point and a key input for a longer term process to develop consensus-based 2 C investing criteria. The focus here is placed on investments in projects and physical assets, in particular of development and climate finance organisations. In order to limit global temperature increase to 2 C, global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions will have to be reduced significantly, eventually to zero, during the course of this century. This requires shifting capital from high to low carbon investments as well as significant capital mobilisation for investments in 2 C-compatible infrastructure. Given the long lifetime of physical assets, and the urgency of decarbonisation over the coming decades, this needs to begin today. Public financial institutions can play a prominent role in contributing to aligning investment flows with the 2 C limit, as well as in closing the current infrastructure investment gap, responding to their explicit or implicit climate mandates and leadership role in the finance sector. The majority of international financial institutions integrate climate considerations into their finance decisions to some degree, and are familiar with different types of criteria, including positive and negative lists, qualitative and quantitative benchmarks, and the use of shadow carbon pricing. However, current approaches do not link to the 2 C limit. 2 C investment criteria are therefore needed to guide investors in this regard. Such criteria may also support other purposes, including an understanding of climate risks and improved reporting and accountability.

  4. Developing 2 C-compatible investment criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roeser, Frauke [NewClimate - Institute for Climate Policy and Global Sustainability gGmbH, Bonn (Germany); Weischer, Lutz [Germanwatch e.V., Koeln (Germany); Thomae, Jakob [2degrees Investing Initiative, New York, NY (United States); Hoehne, Niklas; Hagemann, Markus; El Alaoui, Alexander; Bals, Christoph; Eckstein, David; Kreft, Soenke; Rosse, Morten

    2015-11-30

    This report studies the development of criteria for assessing the compatibility of financial investments with the international goal to limit global temperature increase to below 2 C above pre-industrial levels. The findings are intended as a starting point and a key input for a longer term process to develop consensus-based 2 C investing criteria. The focus here is placed on investments in projects and physical assets, in particular of development and climate finance organisations. In order to limit global temperature increase to 2 C, global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions will have to be reduced significantly, eventually to zero, during the course of this century. This requires shifting capital from high to low carbon investments as well as significant capital mobilisation for investments in 2 C-compatible infrastructure. Given the long lifetime of physical assets, and the urgency of decarbonisation over the coming decades, this needs to begin today. Public financial institutions can play a prominent role in contributing to aligning investment flows with the 2 C limit, as well as in closing the current infrastructure investment gap, responding to their explicit or implicit climate mandates and leadership role in the finance sector. The majority of international financial institutions integrate climate considerations into their finance decisions to some degree, and are familiar with different types of criteria, including positive and negative lists, qualitative and quantitative benchmarks, and the use of shadow carbon pricing. However, current approaches do not link to the 2 C limit. 2 C investment criteria are therefore needed to guide investors in this regard. Such criteria may also support other purposes, including an understanding of climate risks and improved reporting and accountability.

  5. Explanation of diagnostic criteria for radiation heart injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    National occupational health standards-Diagnostic Criteria for Radiation Heart Injury has been approved and issued by Ministry of Health. On the basis of the extensive research literature, systematic study of the relevant laws and regulations in the criteria, further explicitly formulating the basis and principles of this criteria to guide the development of criteria. This criteria is mainly used for diagnosis of heart injury caused by radiation accident and medical radiation. To be better for using this criteria and to diagnosis correctly this disease and prompt treatment, the criteria-related content is interpreted in this article. (authors)

  6. The LAMOST spectroscopic survey of globular clusters in M31 and M33. I. catalog and new identifications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a catalog of 908 objects observed with the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) in fields in the vicinity of M31 and M33, targeted as globular clusters (GCs) and candidates. The targets include known GCs and candidates selected from the literature, as well as new candidates selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Analysis shows that 356 of them are likely GCs with various confidence levels, while the remaining ones turn out to be background galaxies and quasars, stars and H ii regions in M31 or foreground Galactic stars. The 356 likely GCs include 298 bona fide GCs and 26 candidates known in the literature. Three candidates, selected from the Revised Bologna Catalog of M31 GCs and candidates (RBC) and one possible cluster from Johnson et al., are confirmed to be bona fide clusters. We search for new GCs in the halo of the M31 among the new candidates selected from the SDSS photometry. Based on radial velocities yielded by LAMOST spectra and visual examination of the SDSS images, we find 28 objects, 5 bona fide and 23 likely GCs. Among the five bona fide GCs, three have been recently discovered independently by others, and the remaining 25 are our new identifications, including two bona fide ones. The newly identified objects fall at projected distances ranging from 13 to 265kpc from M31. Of the two newly discovered bona fide GCs, one is located near M33, probably a GC belonging to M33. The other bona fide GC falls on the Giant Stream with a projected distance of 78 kpc from M31. Of the 23 newly identified likely GCs, one has a projected distance of about 265 kpc from M31 and could be an intergalactic cluster. (paper)

  7. Development of threshold action criteria for light water reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey of recently threshold criteria for regulatory action on LWRs is presented together with some commentary. This is followed by a new proposal for threshold action criteria which includes some different risk attributes than are found in previous criteria. Some preliminary risk values are suggested for the criteria and then evaluated in terms of a few hypothetical accident scenarios. Finally, several licensing issues are examined in terms of various threshold action criteria

  8. Canine atopic dermatitis diagnostic criteria: evaluation of four sets of published criteria among veterinary students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Roy, Lucile; Le Poder, Sophie; Desquilbet, Loïc; Perrot, Sebastien; Cavana, Paola; Marignac, Geneviève

    2015-01-01

    Canine atopic dermatitis (cAD) is a major teaching point as its diagnosis and treatment are difficult. During 11 weeks, 140 dogs and students (third, fourth, and fifth years) were recruited and paired. One of the four lists of diagnostic criteria was randomly attributed to each student. Concordance results, calculated with Cohen's kappa, ranged from slight (κ=0.07) to moderate (κ=0.53). Favrot's diagnostic criteria received the best results. It has been observed that results are improved with clinical experience. We observed that students often forgot that Favrot's criteria apply only to pruritic dogs and that the fulfillment of the criteria allows only a suspicion, not a diagnosis, of cAD. Primary pruritus and corticosteroid-responsive pruritus were often misunderstood. PMID:25588943

  9. [Occupational disability in epilepsy. The assessment criteria].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicente-Herrero, M T; Terradillos García, M J; Capdevila García, L; Ramírez Iñiguez de la Torre, M V; López-González, Á A; Aguilar Jiménez, E

    2016-03-01

    Epilepsy is a chronic disease cursing with recurrent and paroxysmal crises due to anomalies in the electrical activity of brain, and is controllable in most of the patients by using antiepileptic drugs, in single or combination therapy. Probably one of the most complex aspects of epilepsy is the assessment of disability for work of the affected person. For this purpose, multiple factors need to be taken into account for homogeneous decision-making, and according to criteria of approval and within the principle of equity inherent in the granting of Social Security disability benefits. This requires the cooperation of all professionals involved in the different specialties, with reports using common criteria and taking into account the disease itself, as well as the effects of the prescribed treatments, the effects of which can contribute to the limitations in the performance of certain professions of risk. PMID:25440966

  10. Shale Gas Play Screening and Evaluation Criteria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Michael D. Burnaman; Wenwu Xia; John Shelton

    2009-01-01

    The uniqueness of shale gas plays is contrasted with conventional oil and gas exploration. Based on our ten year history in shale gas exploration, a practical 17 point list of criteria to use for screening shale gas projects and ranking that encompasses geoscience, geochemistry, reservoir engineering, drilling, completions and production operations is developed and explained. Other considerations that will impact shale gas development are identified and discussed. Some key methodologies to incorporate in the evaluation process are also proposed. The outcome of this proposed screening process, if rigorously applied,should quickly identify the projects that have the most likely chance for success for recommendation to management. Examples from active shale gas plays in the United States are used to support these criteria and references to relevant recent publications and presentations are provided.

  11. Packaging Design Criteria for the MCO Cask

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    FLANAGAN, B.D.

    2000-08-01

    Approximately 2,100 metric tons of unprocessed, irradiated, nuclear fuel elements are presently stored in the K Basins (including approximately 700 additional elements from the Plutonium-Uranium Extraction Plant, N Reactor, and 327 Laboratory). To permit cleanup of the K Basins and fuel conditioning, the fuel will be transported from the 100 K Area to a Canister Storage Building (CSB) in the 200 East Area. The purpose of this packaging design criteria is to provide criteria for the design, fabrication, and use of a packaging system to transport the large quantities of irradiated nuclear fuel elements positioned within Multi-canister Overpacks. Concurrent with the K Basin cleanup, 72 Shippingport Pressurized Water Reactor Core 2 fuel assemblies will be transported from T Plant to the CSB to provide space at T Plant for K Basin sludge canisters.

  12. Design criteria for FBR core components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper outlines the general approach adopted in France to take into account the specific behavior of irradiated steel for functional and structural verification of fast breeder reactor core components. Functional verification deals with the distortions which appear in structures as a result of void swelling and irradiation creep. Specific criteria must be defined to limit these distortions to acceptable values: these criteria are highly dependent on the subassembly and core design. Structural verification deals with modifications of the mechanical properties of steel submitted to FBR flux. Conventional standards and rules are not applicable, and a new methodology must be defined to take into account the new characteristics of irradiated steel. The general R and D program set up to investigate these areas is presented here as it is implemented in France but with emphasis on integration in a joint European program

  13. Radiological criteria for underground nuclear tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radiological criteria for the conduct of nuclear tests have undergone many revisions with the current criteria being 0.17 rad for uncontrolled populations and 0.5 rad for controllable populations. Their effect upon operations at the Nevada Test Site and the current off-site protective plans are reviewed for areas surrounding the Site. The few accidental releases that have occurred are used to establish estimates of probability of release and of hazard to the population. These are then put into context by comparing statistical data on other accidents and cataclysms. The guidelines established by DOE Manual Chapter MC-0524 have never been exceeded during the entire underground nuclear test program. The probability of real hazard to off-site populations appears to be sufficiently low as not to cause undue concern to the citizenry

  14. USEPA's proposed standard for BRC criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that the EPA has developed technical information, cost data, a methodology for analyzing promising candidate waste streams, and a rationale for proposing BRC criteria. Risk assessments to support the BRC criteria include an analysis of surrogate radioactive waste streams, disposal alternatives, and diverse demographic settings. In considering the development of a proposed BRC level, EPA carefully weighted many factors. Foremost was protection of the public and the development of an exposure level with assurance of no undue risk. Also considered were other daily risks encountered, ability to demonstrate compliance, guidance for similar exemptions by other groups, consistency with other regulated risk levels, general population health risks, maximum annual exposures to critical population groups, and the costs presently associated with the regulation of these wastes

  15. Criteria for evaluating alternative MEDLINE search engines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, M; Edwards, A; Graves, R S; Johnson, E D

    1998-01-01

    With so many options available for searching MEDLINE on the World Wide Web or as a component of an online service, evaluation criteria are suggested as a means of assisting librarians in determining the positive and negative aspects of alternative MEDLINE sites. A set of searches was utilized to systematically compare MEDLINE sites. Sites evaluated included Avicenna, America Online, HealthGate, PubMed, Medscape, and Physicians' Online. Some features used to evaluate these sites were: default fields; operators (default); access to MeSH; subheadings; stop words protected in MeSH; truncation; and stemming. This article will describe the group process used to arrive at the evaluation criteria, as well as some general conclusions which will help librarians in directing their users to a particular MEDLINE site. PMID:10621384

  16. The Success Criteria of Scientific Pedagogic Activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. V. Ovchinnikov

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of scientific pedagogic activity assessment of the higher school academic staff. The existing options of quality estimation are listed along with their deficiencies; the most acceptable in the authors’ opinion being the systematic approach. The latter allows considering almost every aspect of scientific-pedagogic activity. On that ground, the authors recommend the following success estimation criteria: gnostic, projecting, communicative, informational, and organizational. The criteria of work satisfaction and its results are taken into consideration as additional ones. The indicators of each criterion are given demonstrating that the as- sessment can be both internal (subjective and external (objective, denoted in the normative acts. The problem of complex and just quality assessment of scientific- pedagogic activity is quite relevant as it affects the academic staff motivation. The authors believe that the research findings can improve the objectivity of teachers’ work assessment and give way to differentiated approaches to their motivation and stimulation. 

  17. Application of optimality criteria in structural synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terai, K.

    1974-01-01

    The rational use of optimality criteria was investigated for a class of structural synthesis problems where materials, configuration and applied load conditions are specified, and the minimum weight design is to be determined. The potential of hybrid methods of structural optimization for dealing with relatively large design problems involving practical complexity was explored. The reduced basis concept in design space was used to decrease the number of generalized design variables dealt with by the mathematical programming algorithm. Optimality criteria methods for obtaining design vectors associated with displacement, system buckling and natural frequency constraints are presented. A stress ratio method was used to generate a basis design vector representing the stress constraints. The finite element displacement method was used as the basic structural analysis tool. Results for several examples of truss systems subject to stress, displacement and minimum size constraints are presented. An assessment of these results indicates the effectiveness of the hybrid method developed.

  18. Sensory quality criteria for five fish species

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warm, Karin; Nielsen, Jette; Hyldig, Grethe;

    2000-01-01

    Sensory profiling has been used to develop one sensory vocabulary for five fish species: cod (Gadus morhua), saithe (Pollachius virens), rainbow trout (Salmo gardineri), herring (Clupea harengus) and flounder (Platichthys flessus). A nine- member trained panel assessed 18 samples with variation in...... for odor and taste during the qualitative part. The descriptive words should fulfil these criteria: be relevant to the product, discriminate clearly between samples, be nonredundant and have cognitive clarity to the assessors. Criteria fulfilment was reached by evaluating samples spanning a...... representative variation and by presenting references, panel discussions and interpreting plots from multivariate data analysis. The developed profile can be used as a sensory wheel for these species, and with minor changes it may be adapted to similar species...

  19. Packaging design criteria for the MCO cask

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Approximately 2,100 metric tons of unprocessed, irradiated nuclear fuel elements are presently stored in the K Basins (including possibly 700 additional elements from PUREX, N Reactor, and 327 Laboratory). The basin water, particularly in the K East Basin, contains significant quantities of dissolved nuclear isotopes and radioactive fuel corrosion particles. To permit cleanup of the K Basins and fuel conditioning, the fuel will be transported from the 100 K Area to a Canister Storage Building (CSB) in the 200 East area. In order to initiate K Basin cleanup on schedule, the two-year fuel-shipping campaign must begin by December 1997. The purpose of this packaging design criteria is to provide criteria for the design, fabrication, and use of a packaging system to transport the large quantities of irradiated nuclear fuel elements positioned within Multiple Canister Overpacks

  20. Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2011-01-01

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NNSSWAC). The NNSSWAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) will accept low-level radioactive waste and mixed low-level waste for disposal. The NNSSWAC includes requirements for the generator waste certification program, characterization, traceability, waste form, packaging, and transfer. The criteria apply to radioactive waste received at the NNSS Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Complex for disposal. The NNSA/NSO and support contractors are available to assist you in understanding or interpreting this document. For assistance, please call the NNSA/NSO Waste Management Project at (702) 295-7063 or fax to (702) 295-1153.

  1. Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2010-09-03

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NNSSWAC). The NNSSWAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) will accept low-level radioactive waste and mixed low-level waste for disposal. The NNSSWAC includes requirements for the generator waste certification program, characterization, traceability, waste form, packaging, and transfer. The criteria apply to radioactive waste received at the NNSS Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Complex for disposal. The NNSA/NSO and support contractors are available to assist you in understanding or interpreting this document. For assistance, please call the NNSA/NSO Waste Management Project at (702) 295-7063 or fax to (702) 295-1153.

  2. Criteria for measures of quantum correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Brodutch, Aharon

    2011-01-01

    Entanglement does not describe all quantum correlations and several authors have shown the need to go beyond entanglement when dealing with mixed states. Several different measures have sprung up in the literature, for a variety of reasons, To describe quantum correlations; some are known under the collective name quantum discord. Yet, in the same sprit as the criteria for entanglement measures, there is no general mechanism that determines whether a measure of quantum and classical correlations is a proper measure of correlations. This is partially due to the fact that the answer is a bit muddy. In this article we attempt tackle this muddy topic by writing down several criteria for a "good" measure of correlations. We breakup our list into necessary, reasonable, and debatable conditions. We then proceed to prove several of these conditions for generalized measures of quantum correlations. However, not all conditions are met by all measures; we show this via several examples. The reasonable conditions are rel...

  3. TOFD and acceptance criteria: a perfect team

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, it has become clear that the Time Of Flight Diffraction (TOFD) technique, developed in the UK in the seventies, is a most powerful technique not only for accurate sizing of known defects but also for defect detection in routine NDT. But, whereas TOFD may have been successfully introduced for recurrent inspections and fingerprinting, using Engineering Critical Assessment (ECA) or Fitness For Purpose (FFP) approaches, the lack of adequate acceptance criteria still prohibits its introduction for routine inspections. This paper also addresses a Dutch project that aims for the development of defect acceptance criteria for TOFD inspection. Examples of TOFD applications are given, ranging from pipeline girth welds to vessels with wall thicknesses up to 400 mm. Some experiences on complex geometries as well as high-alloy steels and titanium will also be highlighted

  4. Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NNSSWAC). The NNSSWAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) will accept low-level radioactive waste and mixed low-level waste for disposal. The NNSSWAC includes requirements for the generator waste certification program, characterization, traceability, waste form, packaging, and transfer. The criteria apply to radioactive waste received at the NNSS Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Complex for disposal. The NNSA/NSO and support contractors are available to assist you in understanding or interpreting this document. For assistance, please call the NNSA/NSO Waste Management Project at (702) 295-7063 or fax to (702) 295-1153.

  5. Design criteria for Reedy Creek Demonstration Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document defines the basic criteria for the 100-ton/day pilot plant which will use the Andco-Torrax pyrolysis process at Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida, to produce hot water. The waste will simulate transuranic wastes which are stored at INEL. The Andco-Torrax process is designed to convert mixed municipal refuse into energy and is called slagging pyrolysis solid waste conversion

  6. Credit Card Selection Criteria: Singapore Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Lydia L. Gan; Ramin Cooper Maysami

    2006-01-01

    This study used factor analysis to examine credit card selection criteria among Singaporeans. The results showed that convenience of use and protection, economics, and flexibility were the main drivers, while the reputation of card was the least important in determining credit card selection in Singapore. Demographic results showed that high-income earners, the better educated, the elderly, married and the professional preferred the convenience-protection factor to the economic-promotional fa...

  7. UO3 deactivation end point criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The UO3 Deactivation End Point Criteria are necessary to facilitate the transfer of the UO3 Facility from the Office of Facility Transition and Management (EM-60) to the office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40). The criteria were derived from a logical process for determining end points for the systems and spaces at the UO3, Facility based on the objectives, tasks, and expected future uses pertinent to that system or space. Furthermore, the established criteria meets the intent and supports the draft guidance for acceptance criteria prepared by EM-40, open-quotes U.S. Department of Energy office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40) Decontamination and Decommissioning Guidance Document (Draft).close quotes For the UO3 Facility, the overall objective of deactivation is to achieve a safe, stable and environmentally sound condition, suitable for an extended period, as quickly and economically as possible. Once deactivated, the facility is kept in its stable condition by means of a methodical surveillance and maintenance (S ampersand M) program, pending ultimate decontamination and decommissioning (D ampersand D). Deactivation work involves a range of tasks, such as removal of hazardous material, elimination or shielding of radiation fields, partial decontamination to permit access for inspection, installation of monitors and alarms, etc. it is important that the end point of each of these tasks be established clearly and in advance, for the following reasons: (1) End points must be such that the central element of the deactivation objective - to achieve stability - is unquestionably achieved. (2) Much of the deactivation work involves worker exposure to radiation or dangerous materials. This can be minimized by avoiding unnecessary work. (3) Each task is, in effect, competing for resources with other deactivation tasks and other facilities. By assuring that each task is appropriately bounded, DOE's overall resources can be used most fully and effectively

  8. Evolution of diagnostic criteria in psychoses

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas, A. Ban

    2001-01-01

    The term psychosis was first introduced in the mid-19th century for the separation of psychiatric disorders from neurological disorders within the neuroses. The concept of psychosis has become gradually restricted from a generic term for psychiatric disorders to one of the major classes of mental illness, which was assumed to be the result of a disease process, and, more recently, to a symptom present in many psychiatric disorders. In the course of this development, the díagnostic criteria fo...

  9. Criteria of the Nonsingular H-Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO jian; LIU Futi; HUANG Tingzhu

    2004-01-01

    The nonsingular H-matrices play an important role in the study of the matrix theory and the iterative method of systems of linear equations,etc.It has always been searched how to verify nonsingular H-matrices.In this paper,nonsingular H-matrices is studies by applying diagonally dominant matrices,irreducible diagonally dominant matrices and comparison matrices and several practical criteria for identifying nonsingular H-matrices are obtained.

  10. The DSM-5: Classification and criteria changes

    OpenAIRE

    Regier, Darrel A; Kuhl, Emily A; Kupfer, David J.

    2013-01-01

    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) marks the first significant revision of the publication since the DSM-IV in 1994. Changes to the DSM were largely informed by advancements in neuroscience, clinical and public health need, and identified problems with the classification system and criteria put forth in the DSM-IV. Much of the decision-making was also driven by a desire to ensure better alignment with the International Classification of Diseases a...

  11. Risk aversion in risk acceptance criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The risk averse attitude that is included in some proposed risk acceptance criteria is examined. It is shown that it is a weaker attitude than risk aversion, as is commonly defined in decision theory. Consequently, the boundary curve separating acceptable and unacceptable regions does not have to be a straight line on the logarithmic frequency-consequence space. A curve of variable slope would express the same attitude as long as the slope is less than -1

  12. CSR and environmental criteria in supplier selection

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, LH; Sun, Z.; Wong, TN

    2012-01-01

    The supplier selection issue in today’s world does not simply depend on price anymore. Other non-price criteria such as quality, delivery and overall capability are gradually gaining equal importance. Because of the globalization of trade, the world is becoming an increasingly open and global marketplace where the intense competition is urging companies to reduce the cost and development time of a new product. Companies are forced to take every possible factor into consideration when making t...

  13. Mutual fund selection criteria: evidence from Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Nurasyikin Jamaludin; Malcolm Smith; Paul Gerrans

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – Under its “Members Investment Scheme” strategic initiative, the Malaysian Employees Provident Fund (EPF) permits its members to invest part of their retirement savings in approved external funds. Given there is an increasing number of unit trust funds available in the market, it is not an easy task for members to make this investment choice decision. The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceived importance of fund selection criteria within the context of retirement savings i...

  14. Quality criteria for electronic publications in medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, S; Auhuber, T; Schrader, U; Klar, R

    1998-01-01

    This paper defines "electronic publications in medicine (EPM)" as computer based training programs, databases, knowledge-based systems, multimedia applications and electronic books running on standard platforms and available by usual distribution channels. A detailed catalogue of quality criteria as a basis for development and evaluation of EPMs is presented. The necessity to raise the quality level of electronic publications is stressed considering aspects of domain knowledge, software engineering, media development, interface design and didactics. PMID:10179625

  15. Creative professional users musical relevance criteria

    OpenAIRE

    Inskip, C.; Macfarlane, A; Rafferty, P.

    2010-01-01

    Although known item searching for music can be dealt with by searching metadata using existing text search techniques, human subjectivity and variability within the music itself make it very difficult to search for unknown items. This paper examines these problems within the context of text retrieval and music information retrieval. The focus is on ascertaining a relationship between music relevance criteria and those relating to relevance judgements in text retrieval. A data-rich collection ...

  16. Children's evaluation criteria of search engines

    OpenAIRE

    Hornung, Eva

    2000-01-01

    Search engines on the Internet are widely used as a starting point for Information Retrieval. Children are increasingly users of the Internet and therefore also of search engines. Some companies and institutions have responded to that demand and have created search engines with a young target group in mind. Still, there is no study to date on how children themselves judge these search features with regards to design and functionality without having given them pre-defined "adult" criteria. Thi...

  17. Non-explosion criteria for relativistic diffusions

    CERN Document Server

    Bailleul, Ismael

    2010-01-01

    General Lorentz covariant operators, associated to so-called $\\Theta$(or $\\Xi$)-relativistic diffusions, and making sense in any Lorentz manifold, were introduced by Franchi and Le Jan in [F-LJ-1], [F-LJ-2]. Only a few examples have been studied. We provide in this work non-explosion criteria for these diffusions, which can be used in generic cases.

  18. Prioritizing Project Performance Criteria within Client Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arazi Idrus

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Successful performance in a construction project helps to deliver good products to the client. At present, there is no standard approach used by clients to evaluate project performance as project success carries different definitions to different people. Some used the traditional project performance measures of cost, quality and time while others used additional non-traditional measures such as the environment, health and safety, level of technology and contractor planning. The purpose of this study is to identify and rank the actual criteria used by local clients in current practice to measure the performance of a construction project during construction as well as upon completion. The ranking is based on the relative importance of the criteria as perceived by project performance decision makers working for clients’ organizations within the Malaysian construction industry using their accumulated experience and judgment. The objective of this study was investigated through a postal questionnaire which covered a selected sample of the study. Data were analyzed using mean, variance, frequency and severity index analyses. The results of this paper show that Quality of finished project, Construction cost and Construction time were the three most important criteria considered crucial by the respondents for evaluating project performance from current practice in Malaysia. The paper provides supportive practical solution for project performance decision makers working for clients’ organizations within the Malaysian construction industry to enhance and improve their practices in measuring their clients’ project performance so that their clients would enjoy higher satisfaction levels from their projects. More so, the paper would serve as a guide to contractors by helping them to understand that Quality of finished project, Construction cost and Construction time are the criteria given high priority by clients in measuring the performance of a

  19. Product development through multi-criteria analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Kostanjevec, Tomaž; Polajnar, Andrej; Sarjaš, Andrej

    2012-01-01

    The trend regarding the development of sanitary fittings is forecasted by the use of a developed model of multi-criteria analysis. In this analysis a multi-dimensional space is used, which enables the establishment of a time argument in comparison to product parameters. The establishment of product parameters is achieved by means of internal company information and market needs. In this way it is possible to establish an innovative environment for the development of new products. This paper i...

  20. Product development through multi-criteria analysis:

    OpenAIRE

    Kostanjevec, Tomaž; Polajnar, Andrej; Sarjaš, Andrej

    2008-01-01

    The trend regarding the development of sanitary fittings is forecasted by the use of a developed model of multi-criteria analysis. In this analysis a multi-dimensional space is used, which enables the establishment of a time argument in comparison to product parameters. The establishment of product parameters is achieved by means of internal company information and market needs. In this way it is possible to establish an innovative environment for the development of new products. This paper i...

  1. Optimum Criteria for Developing Defined Structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion IVAN

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Basic aspects concerning distributed applications are presented: definition, particularities and importance. For distributed applications linear, arborescent, graph structures are defined with different versions and aggregation methods. Distributed applications have associated structures which through their characteristics influence the costs of the stages in the development cycle and the exploitation costs transferred to each user. The complexity of the defined structures is analyzed. The minimum and maximum criteria are enumerated for optimizing distributed application structures.

  2. Online Deliberation Design: Choices, Criteria, and Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Davies, Todd; Chandler, Reid

    2013-01-01

    This chapter reviews empirical evidence bearing on the design of online forums for deliberative civic engagement. Dimensions of design are defined for different aspects of the deliberation: its purpose, the target population, the spatiotemporal distance separating participants, the communication medium, and the deliberative process to be followed. After a brief overview of criteria for evaluating different design options, empirical findings are organized around design choices. Research has ev...

  3. Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, J P

    2001-01-01

    Sustainable development is a term reflecting human, societal, and environmental values and in order to determine progress toward this goal; it is necessary to identify and define these values, and for governments or other institutions to establish the means to assess progress. Canada is directly involved in national and international processes to assess the sustainability of forest management processes using Criteria and Indicators. These consist of a group of broad core values (Criteria) and are supported by an number of measures (Indicators) to assess status or progress toward the realization of these values. Measuring and monitoring indicators is necessary to demonstrate progress toward sustainable development nationally and internationally. The criteria that have been identified include the traditional concepts of timber values, and include economics, environmental, social values, and national infrastructures. Each criterion is supported by a number of indicators to track progress. Countries in the international process also collaborate on defining terms, methods of reporting, and improving and enhancing indicators. C&I facilitate international reporting and provide a framework for international agreements while reflecting national differences in characteristics and descriptions of forests. The reporting process has stimulated the emergence of forest management issues that will influence forest science and forest ecosystem management in the future. For Canada, these include the development of a national system of forest ecosystem inventory, and ecological classification, the interpretation of the range of historic variation, and the adequacy and applicability of data sources. PMID:11339693

  4. Inappropriate prescribing: criteria, detection and prevention.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Connor, Marie N

    2012-06-01

    Inappropriate prescribing is highly prevalent in older people and is a major healthcare concern because of its association with negative healthcare outcomes including adverse drug events, related morbidity and hospitalization. With changing population demographics resulting in increasing proportions of older people worldwide, improving the quality and safety of prescribing in older people poses a global challenge. To date a number of different strategies have been used to identify potentially inappropriate prescribing in older people. Over the last two decades, a number of criteria have been published to assist prescribers in detecting inappropriate prescribing, the majority of which have been explicit sets of criteria, though some are implicit. The majority of these prescribing indicators pertain to overprescribing and misprescribing, with only a minority focussing on the underprescribing of indicated medicines. Additional interventions to optimize prescribing in older people include comprehensive geriatric assessment, clinical pharmacist review, and education of prescribers as well as computerized prescribing with clinical decision support systems. In this review, we describe the inappropriate prescribing detection tools or criteria most frequently cited in the literature and examine their role in preventing inappropriate prescribing and other related healthcare outcomes. We also discuss other measures commonly used in the detection and prevention of inappropriate prescribing in older people and the evidence supporting their use and their application in everyday clinical practice.

  5. Geomembrane selection criteria for uranium tailings ponds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The selection criteria, particularly those involving chemical compatibility, of geomembranes to be used in ponds at uranium mill operations are discussed. The principal functional criteria which a geomembrane must meet for this application are: (1) a specified service life and (2) low permeability. Chemical compatibility with the waste is essential in meeting these functional criteria. In two different types of aging tests using simulated acidic uranium mill waste, degradation of chemical and physical properties were examined in geomembranes of high-density polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, and chlorosulfonated polyethylene. Compatibility tests according to the National Sanitation Foundation procedures are recommended to ascertain the stability of certain physical properties of the proposed geomembrane. Actual experience with a specific geomembrane in an identical application is probably the best method to assure compatibility; however, this experience is frequently not available. Experience with a geomembrane in similar applications is valuable in the selection process, however, small differences in either the geomembrane formulation or the waste composition may result in large differences in performance of the geomembrane. It is likely that many geomembranes have acceptable chemical stability for typical uranium mill applications, therefore, additional factors in the selection processes will include seaming characteristics, mechanical properties, site characteristics, and costs

  6. Criteria and evaluation of three decontamination techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Past decontamination and solvent recovery activities at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP), which is part of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), have resulted in the accumulation of 1.5 million gallons of radioactively contaminated sodium-bearing liquid waste. Future decontamination activities at the ICPP could result in the production of 5 million gallons or more of sodium-bearing waste using the current decontamination techniques of chemical/water flushes and steam jet cleaning. This waste requires a large amount of cold chemical additive to process because the low melting temperatures of sodium and potassium salts cause agglomeration in the bed of the calciner vessel. Criteria have been established for evaluating methods and technologies available for decontaminating equipment and facilities. The criteria were weighted according to their relative importance using a Kepner-Tregoe Problem Solving process. These criteria were used to rank three decontamination techniques new to the ICPP: laser ablation, liquid abrasive blasting and CO2 pellet blasting, against the standard decontamination techniques of sodium-based chemical cleaning and water/steam jets used

  7. Diagnostic criteria for autoimmune pancreatitis in Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Terumi Kamisawa; Kazuichi Okazaki; Shigeyuki Kawa

    2008-01-01

    Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a particular type of pancreatitis of presumed autoimmune etiology.Currently, AIP should be diagnosed based on combination of clinical, serological, morphological,and hisLopathological features. When diagnosing AlP,it is most Jmportant to differentiate it from pancreatic cancer. DJagnostic criteria for AIP, proposed by the Japan Pancreas Society in 2002 first in the world,were revised in 2006. The criteria are based on the minimum consensus of AIP and aim to avoid misdiagnosing pancreatic cancer as far as possible,but not for screening AIP. The criteria consist of the following radiological, serological, and histopathological items: (1) radiological imaging showing narrowing of the main pancreatic duct and enlargement of the pancreas, which are characteristic of the disease; (2)laboratory data showing abnormally elevated levels of serum γ-globulin, IgG or IgG4, or the presence of autoantibodies; (3) histopathological examJnation of the pancreas demonstrating marked fibrosis and prominent infiltration of lymphocytes and plasma cells, which is called lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis (LPSP). For a diagnosis of AIP, criterion 1 must be present, together with criterion 2 and/or criterion 3. However, it is necessary to exclude malignant diseases such as pancreatic or biliary cancer.

  8. Debates on Criteria of Copyrightability in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey Kashanin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In codifying intellectual property rights, Russian legislators have left the issue of what standards of originality and creativity form the criteria for copyrightability amatter of debate. Nevertheless, this issue is crucial to answering questions about where the lower threashold for the copyrightability of a work lies. Indeed, it is essential to determining which intellectual works with an insignificant creative component but of high economic importance (e.g., databases, computer software, advertisement slogans or design work are to be copyrightable. Analyses of debates in legal literature and court rulings issued over the past few years warrant the conclusion that there is a trend in favor of setting more relaxed standards of originality and creativity and granting copyright protection to works of low authorship. This article addresses the problem of identifying criteria for copyrightability and noncopyrightability in the Russian legal system. It models various types of demarcation criteria, and analyzes their strengths and weaknesses. It also describes the trend in Russian judicial practice of granting copyright protection to works of low authorship, whilst outlining some of the problems and contradictions that this entails. The article compares principles that have evolved under Russian law with similar principles used abroad, mainly in Germany.

  9. Nuclear Pedigree Criteria of Suspected HNPCC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kładny Józef

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The criteria for the diagnosis of HNPCC established by the ICG-HNPCC are very restrictive as they do not allow for the diagnosis of a large number of "suspected HNPCC" cases - these are families which do no fulfill the strict diagnostic "Amsterdam criteria", but do present with several pedigree and clinical features characteristic for HNPCC. Several series of families suspected of harboring germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes have been studied for germline changes in DNA mismatch repair genes and a mutation rate of somewhere between 8-60% was found. Therefore a subgroup of members of the ICG-HNPCC has been working on pedigree/clinical diagnostic criteria for suspected HNPCC. Materials and methods Part I The study was based on two series of colorectal cancer (CRC cases: 1 HNPCC - this group comprised 190 patients affected by CRC from randomly selected families which fulfilled the Amsterdam II criteria registered in Düsseldorf, Germany (102 cases of CRC, Denmark (18 CRCs, Leiden, Holland (23 CRCs and Szczecin, Poland (47 CRCs. 2 Consecutive CRCs - this group comprised 629 (78.0% of 806 individuals with CRC diagnosed in 1991-1997 in the city of Szczecin (ca. 400,000 of inhabitants, Poland. Nuclear pedigrees in both groups were compared for frequency of occurrence of clinical features, that have been shown to be associated with HNPCC. Part II 52 consecutive CRC cases from Szczecin, matching the criteria recognized in part I as appropriate for diagnosis of cases "suspected of HNPCC" were studied for the occurrence of germline hMSH2/hMLH1 constitutional mutations using "exon by exon" sequencing. Results The combination of features - i.e. the occurrence of an HNPCC associated cancer (CRC or cancer of the endometrium, small bowel or urinary tract in a 1st degree relative of a CRC patient; at least one of the patients being diagnosed under age of 50 - appeared to be strongly associated to HNPCC with an OR - 161. Constitutional

  10. Quality criteria for chest X-ray image

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A distinction has to be made between invariable and variable criteria in the determination of chest X-ray picture quality criteria. The invariable criteria are defined by the properties of the object and the psychophysiological laws of perception and cognition, and the variable criteria are determined by the prevailing state of the art of technology. An agreement on these criteria is based on the knowledge of the nature and the technical conditions of X-ray picture production and reproduction. The slogan 'the best picture at the lowest dose' dominates, too, the discussion centering around the X-ray picture of the chest, its quality and criteria. (orig./MG)

  11. Sediment quality criteria: A review with recommendations for developing criteria for the Hanford Site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Driver, C.J.

    1994-05-01

    Criteria for determining the quality of liver sediment are necessary to ensure that concentrations of contaminants in aquatic systems are within acceptable limits for the protection of aquatic and human life. Such criteria should facilitate decision-making about remediation, handling, and disposal of contaminants. Several approaches to the development of sediment quality criteria (SQC) have been described and include both descriptive and numerical methods. However, no single method measures all impacts at all times to all organisms (U.S. EPA 1992b). The U.S. EPA`s interest is primarily in establishing chemically based, numerical SQC that are applicable nation-wide (Shea 1988). Of the approaches proposed for SQC development, only three are being considered for numerical SQC on a national level. These approaches include an Equilibrium Partitioning Approach, a site-specific method using bioassays (the Apparent Effects Threshold Approach), and an approach similar to EPA`s water quality criteria (Pavlou and Weston 1984). Although national (or even regional) criteria address a number of political, litigative, and engineering needs, some researchers feel that protection of benthic communities require site-specific, biologically based criteria (Baudo et al. 1990). This is particularly true for areas where complex mixtures of contaminants are present in sediments. Other scientifically valid and accepted procedures for freshwater SQC include a background concentration approach, methods using field or spiked bioassays, a screening level concentration approach, the Apparent Effects Threshold Approach, the Sediment Quality Triad, the International Joint Commission Sediment Assessment Strategy, and the National Status and Trends Program Approach. The various sediment assessment approaches are evaluated for application to the Hanford Reach and recommendations for Hanford Site sediment quality criteria are discussed.

  12. CRITERIA OF BRITISH TEACHERS’ COMMUNICATION CULTURE FORMEDNESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Михаил Алексеевич Есипов

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Communication culture formation belongs to most essential problems for pedagogical theory and practice. The level of a teacher’s communication culture influences greatly the efficiency of his professional communication with colleagues and students.The peculiarities of teachers’ communication culture formation in the British educational system are considered. Main characteristics of a communication-oriented teacher are mentioned. Criteria for specifying the level of British teachers’ communication culture formedness as well as brief description of these levels are given in this article.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-1-13

  13. Evaluation Of Children’s Usability Criteria

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    This master thesis explores usability in a system for children and the evaluation of their usability criteria. Many children experience that they cannot find the desired content or are not able to navigate from one section to another in software meant for children. One of the reasons for this could be that the software makes use of functionality that the children do not understand. To be able to design a system with good usability meant for children, they can be included into the design proce...

  14. Performance objectives and criteria for plant evaluations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance organization and administration should ensure effective implementation and control of maintenance activities. The criteria are: A. The organizational structure is clearly defined. B. Staffing and resources are sufficient to accomplish assigned tasks. C. Responsibilities and authority of each management, supervisory, and professional position are clearly defined. D. Personnel clearly understand their authority, responsibilities, accountabilities, and interfaces with supporting groups. E. Administrative controls are employed for maintenance activities important to plant safety and reliability. F. Performance appraisals are effectively utilized to enhance individual performance

  15. Development of quantitative risk acceptance criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some of the major considerations for effective management of risk are discussed, with particular emphasis on risks due to nuclear power plant operations. Although there are impacts associated with the rest of the fuel cycle, they are not addressed here. Several previously published proposals for quantitative risk criteria are reviewed. They range from a simple acceptance criterion on individual risk of death to a quantitative risk management framework. The final section discussed some of the problems in the establishment of a framework for the quantitative management of risk

  16. Stability criteria for unsupervised temporal association networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallis, Guy

    2005-03-01

    A biologically realizable, unsupervised learning rule is described for the online extraction of object features, suitable for solving a range of object recognition tasks. Alterations to the basic learning rule are proposed which allow the rule to better suit the parameters of a given input space. One negative consequence of such modifications is the potential for learning instability. The criteria for such instability are modeled using digital filtering techniques and predicted regions of stability and instability tested. The result is a family of learning rules which can be tailored to the specific environment, improving both convergence times and accuracy over the standard learning rule, while simultaneously insuring learning stability. PMID:15787138

  17. Organic farming and multi-criteria decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Tove; Olsen, Søren Bøye; Dubgaard, Alex;

    of the many different Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA) techniques available and their relative advantages and disadvantages. In addition, theoretical and practical problems related to the use of Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) and MCA respectively are briefly discussed. We then review the MCA literature on case...... studies on organic farming. Based on this review we provide directional markers for future research where MCA may possibly be applied and adapted in order to provide useful knowledge and support for decision makers in the context of organic farming....

  18. POROUS PAVEMENT. PHASE I. DESIGN AND OPERATIONAL CRITERIA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Design and operational criteria, utilization concepts, benefits and disadvantages, as well as other characteristics of porous pavements are presented in this report. Particular emphasis is placed on porous asphalt pavements, but the criteria and design approach are applicable to ...

  19. CRITERIA OF PARAMETRIC IDENTIFICATION FOR CONTROLLED OBJECT WITH CHAOTIC DYNAMICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Mikhaylev

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The matter concerning special criteria definition for nonlinear dynamic systems identification problem solving are considered. The method of identification criteria creation, suitable for chaotic dynamics systems identification is offered.

  20. Computer programs: Mechanical and structural design criteria: A compilation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-01-01

    Computerized design criteria for turbomachinery and the constraints imposed by very high rotational fields are presented along with a variety of computerized design criteria of interest to structural designers.

  1. Evaluation of Basel criteria for the international banking system

    OpenAIRE

    Destan KIRIMHAN

    2014-01-01

    International banking system is regulated mainly with the help of Basel criteria to ensure robustness, stability and competitiveness. This paper aims to evaluate Basel criteria via a structural framework in terms of whether these criteria achieve this goal. It is observed that possibility of supervision arbitrage, large implementation period and internal models of banks are the negative aspects of these criteria for conventional banking system. On the other hand, unconventional banking system...

  2. 309 Facility deactivation and decommisioning Criteria Completion Check Lists

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To facilitate and track completion of the 309 Facility turnover criteria completion an Applicability Matrix and Criteria Completion Check Lists were prepared. The applicability matrix documents the required turnover criteria for a given area in the facility or scope of work. The applicable criteria is selected for 16 different areas. For each area a completion checklist is provided to document completion of a requirement by WHC and the Environmental Restoration Contractor

  3. Formability prediction of thin metal sheets using various localization criteria

    OpenAIRE

    ALTMEYER, Guillaume; ABED-MERAIM, Farid; BALAN, Tudor

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to give an overview of the theoretical basis of the most significant and commonly used localization criteria reformulated into a unified framework, and to apply these criteria to different materials in order to determine their formability domains. After giving a general material description based on a phenomenological approach, theoretical foundations of localization criteria are presented together with their advantages and drawbacks. These criteria rely on diverse th...

  4. Multi-criteria decision making using fuzzy preference relations

    OpenAIRE

    Hanna Borzecka

    2012-01-01

    When dealing with multi-criteria decision making problem the concept of Pareto -optimality and Pareto-dominance could be inefficient (the lack of unique solution), especially with many number of criteria. Our paper faces the fuzzy multi-criteria decision making problem based on Zadeh’s linguistic approach to P-optimality and P-dominance. The construction, analysis and application of multi-criteria decision making model using fuzzy preference relation are considered. This paper is dedicated ...

  5. User-Centric Multi-Criteria Information Retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfe, Shawn R.; Zhang, Yi

    2009-01-01

    Information retrieval models usually represent content only, and not other considerations, such as authority, cost, and recency. How could multiple criteria be utilized in information retrieval, and how would it affect the results? In our experiments, using multiple user-centric criteria always produced better results than a single criteria.

  6. Evaluation Criteria for the Educational Web-Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seok, Soonhwa; Meyen, Edward; Poggio, John C.; Semon, Sarah; Tillberg-Webb, Heather

    2008-01-01

    This article addresses how evaluation criteria improve educational Web-information system design, and the tangible and intangible benefits of using evaluation criteria, when implemented in an educational Web-information system design. The evaluation criteria were developed by the authors through a content validation study applicable to…

  7. 24 CFR 51.103 - Criteria and standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criteria and standards. 51.103 Section 51.103 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA AND STANDARDS Noise Abatement and Control § 51.103 Criteria and...

  8. Ready or Not? Criteria for Marriage Readiness among Emerging Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Jason S.; Badger, Sarah; Willoughby, Brian J.; Nelson, Larry J.; Madsen, Stephanie D.; Barry, Carolyn McNamara

    2009-01-01

    This study examined emerging adults' criteria for marriage readiness and explored how these criteria are associated with their current attitudes and behaviors. This article establishes the psychometric value of the Criteria for Marriage Readiness Questionnaire and reports on a study of 788 emerging adults recruited from five college sites across…

  9. Exploring the Proposed DSM-5 Criteria in a Clinical Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taheri, Azin; Perry, Adrienne

    2012-01-01

    The proposed DSM-5 criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) depart substantially from the previous DSM-IV criteria. In this file review study of 131 children aged 2-12, previously diagnosed with either Autistic Disorder or Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), 63% met the new DSM-5 ASD criteria, including 81%…

  10. Improved Separability Criteria Based on Bloch Representation of Density Matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Shu-Qian; Yu, Juan; Li, Ming; Fei, Shao-Ming

    2016-01-01

    The correlation matrices or tensors in the Bloch representation of density matrices are encoded with entanglement properties. In this paper, based on the Bloch representation of density matrices, we give some new separability criteria for bipartite and multipartite quantum states. Theoretical analysis and some examples show that the proposed criteria can be more efficient than the previous related criteria. PMID:27350031

  11. Safety criteria for the first criticality in research reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present work describes the main safety criteria to be taken into account and their concrete application to the NUR reactor in Algeria. These criteria consist of two parts: the first one summarizes the necessary theoretical aspects and the second one gives in detail the safety criteria implicit in the procedures used to reach the first criticality of the Algerian reactor. (Author)

  12. Structural acceptance criteria Remote Handling Building Tritium Extraction Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This structural acceptance criteria contains the requirements for the structural analysis and design of the Remote Handling Building (RHB) in the Tritium Extraction Facility (TEF). The purpose of this acceptance criteria is to identify the specific criteria and methods that will ensure a structurally robust building that will safely perform its intended function and comply with the applicable Department of Energy (DOE) structural requirements

  13. Structural acceptance criteria Remote Handling Building Tritium Extraction Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mertz, G.

    1999-12-16

    This structural acceptance criteria contains the requirements for the structural analysis and design of the Remote Handling Building (RHB) in the Tritium Extraction Facility (TEF). The purpose of this acceptance criteria is to identify the specific criteria and methods that will ensure a structurally robust building that will safely perform its intended function and comply with the applicable Department of Energy (DOE) structural requirements.

  14. Safety criteria for wet and dry spent fuel storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overview of the safety criteria for both type of storage (wet and dry) is presented in this paper. The main criteria - thermal, shielding, radiological - are discussed in details. Some requirement to the materials and the operational regimes are also discussed. An attempt for comparison of the safety criteria and general problems for these both type of storage is made

  15. Photovoltaic system criteria documents. Volume 2: Quality assurance criteria for photovoltaic applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koenig, John C.; Billitti, Joseph W.; Tallon, John M.

    1979-01-01

    Quality assurance criteria are described for manufacturers and installers of solar photovoltaic tests and applications. Quality oriented activities are outlined to be pursued by the contractor/subcontractor to assure the physical and operational quality of equipment produced is included. In the broad sense, guidelines are provided for establishing a QA organization if none exists. Mainly, criteria is provided to be considered in any PV quality assurance plan selected as appropriate by the responsible Field Center. A framework is established for a systematic approach to ensure that photovoltaic tests and applications are constructed in a timely and cost effective manner.

  16. Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-06-01

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office (NNSA/NFO), Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NNSSWAC). The NNSSWAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) will accept the following: • DOE hazardous and non-hazardous non-radioactive classified waste • DOE low-level radioactive waste (LLW) • DOE mixed low-level waste (MLLW) • U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) classified waste The LLW and MLLW listed above may also be classified waste. Classified waste is the only waste accepted for disposal that may be non-radioactive and shall be required to meet the waste acceptance criteria for radioactive waste as specified in this document. Classified waste may be sent to the NNSS as classified matter. Section 3.1.18 provides the requirements that must be met for permanent burial of classified matter. The NNSA/NFO and support contractors are available to assist the generator in understanding or interpreting this document. For assistance, please call the NNSA/NFO Environmental Management Operations (EMO) at (702) 295-7063, and the call will be directed to the appropriate contact.

  17. Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NNSSWAC). The NNSSWAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) will accept DOE non-radioactive classified waste, DOE non-radioactive hazardous classified waste, DOE low-level radioactive waste (LLW), DOE mixed low-level waste (MLLW), and U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) classified waste for permanent disposal. Classified waste is the only waste accepted for disposal that may be non-radioactive and will be required to meet the waste acceptance criteria for radioactive waste as specified in this document. The NNSA/NSO and support contractors are available to assist you in understanding or interpreting this document. For assistance, please call the NNSA/NSO Waste Management Project (WMP) at (702) 295-7063, and your call will be directed to the appropriate contact.

  18. Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office (NNSA/NFO), Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NNSSWAC). The NNSSWAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) will accept the following: DOE hazardous and non-hazardous non-radioactive classified waste; DOE low-level radioactive waste (LLW); DOE mixed low-level waste (MLLW); and, U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) classified waste. The LLW and MLLW listed above may also be classified waste. Classified waste is the only waste accepted for disposal that may be non-radioactive and shall be required to meet the waste acceptance criteria for radioactive waste as specified in this document. Classified waste may be sent to the NNSS as classified matter. Section 3.1.18 provides the requirements that must be met for permanent burial of classified matter. The NNSA/NFO and support contractors are available to assist the generator in understanding or interpreting this document. For assistance, please call the NNSA/NFO Environmental Management Operations (EMO) at (702) 295-7063, and the call will be directed to the appropriate contact.

  19. Radiological safety criteria in radioactive waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report presents the principles for the safety of radioactive waste management, focusing on radiological safety criteria. The paper also presents the definitions of main terms used, conceptual differences between radioactive effluents and wastes, the objectives of the waste management, the alternatives of pre disposal management at nuclear installations and options for the final disposal of the wastes. Within the radiological protection principles applied to waste management, the principles of justification and optimisation are discussed briefly. Individual limitations on dose and risk are presented in more detail, with the distinction within pre disposal and disposal phases. The concept of multiple barriers are developed with the aim of achieving radiation safety for future generations due to the disposal of radioactive wastes. Different types of barriers are required depending on a waste classification scheme. The adopted classification of wastes is conceptual in nature and is based on the time period required for the isolation of the wastes. Criteria for the design of pre disposal management facilities and for its operations (including generation phase) are also presented. (author)

  20. Microbiological criteria for good manufacturing practice (GMP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Good manufacturing practice (GMP) consist of an effective manufacturing operation and an effective application of food control. GMP is best supported by the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point system (HACCP) of the preventive quality assurance, which requires that food irradiation as any food processing technology should be used only with foods of an acceptable quality and adequate handling and storage procedures should precede and follow the processing. The paper concentrates on the first element of the HACCP system for an irradiation plant: the incoming product control, i.e. whether GMP of foods to be irradiated can be assessed by establishing microbiological criteria for their previous good manufacturing practice. In this regard, it summarizes considerations and findings of a ''Consultation on Microbiological Criteria for Foods to be Further Processed Including by Irradiation'' held in 1989 by the International Consultative Group on Food irradiation at the Headquarters of the World Health Organization, Geneva. Difficulties in establishing reference values and defining good manufacturing practices will be pointed out. (orig.)

  1. Steam generator tube integrity flaw acceptance criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cochet, B. [FRAMATOME, Paris la Defense (France)

    1997-02-01

    The author discusses the establishment of a flaw acceptance criteria with respect to flaws in steam generator tubing. The problem is complicated because different countries take different approaches to the problem. The objectives in general are grouped in three broad areas: to avoid the unscheduled shutdown of the reactor during normal operation; to avoid tube bursts; to avoid excessive leak rates in the event of an accidental overpressure event. For each degradation mechanism in the tubes it is necessary to know answers to an array of questions, including: how well does NDT testing perform against this problem; how rapidly does such degradation develop; how well is this degradation mechanism understood. Based on the above information it is then possible to come up with a policy to look at flaw acceptance. Part of this criteria is a schedule for the frequency of in-service inspection and also a policy for when to plug flawed tubes. The author goes into a broad discussion of each of these points in his paper.

  2. Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2012-02-28

    This document establishes the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), Nevada National Security Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NNSSWAC). The NNSSWAC provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) will accept DOE non-radioactive classified waste, DOE non-radioactive hazardous classified waste, DOE low-level radioactive waste (LLW), DOE mixed low-level waste (MLLW), and U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) classified waste for permanent disposal. Classified waste is the only waste accepted for disposal that may be non-radioactive and will be required to meet the waste acceptance criteria for radioactive waste as specified in this document. The NNSA/NSO and support contractors are available to assist you in understanding or interpreting this document. For assistance, please call the NNSA/NSO Waste Management Project (WMP) at (702) 295-7063, and your call will be directed to the appropriate contact.

  3. Aerosol exposure: Concepts, criteria, standards and applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincent, James H.

    2009-02-01

    This paper places Inhaled Particles X in the context of the whole sequence of such symposia, going back to the first one in 1961. It draws together some of the essential principles that have been learned since that earlier meeting about the nature of exposure and exposure assessment and thus provides a framework by which to integrate the new knowledge presented at this latest one. In the process, the importance of understanding the formal definition of aerosol exposure is stressed, including the distinction between exposure intensity and exposure history, and how that relates to some measure of cumulative dose which, in turn, may be linked with knowledge about intrinsic toxicity, etc. This then leads to a definition of exposure standards, and the important ingredients of criteria, sampling and limit values. A summary is provided of the current set of particle size-selective criteria that have been widely agreed in the international occupational and environmental health community. Some ideas are presented about how this set might be expanded for certain applications, the important case of ultrafine aerosols being one of them.

  4. Spatial Development Potential Considering Conservation Planning Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora Tomić

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the issues of possible differences in the decision considering spatial allocation of land use and its potential and optimized allocation that derives from suitability modeling. The researched area was Žumberak- Samoborsko gorje Nature Park, one of the youngest Croatian nature parks. As such, it should have a physical plan of the special features areas, in order to know its potential and limitations. There is no such plan yet, so protection measures and development is relinquished to cities and municipalities, within whose territory the Park is situated. One of the municipalities is Ozalj, and it is used in the paper as an example for the analysis of physical planning approach for Žumberak- Samoborsko gorje Nature Park. By the survey of Physical plan of Ozalj municipality, a random selection was used to choose one activity that was planned in the area and for that activity dual spatial analysis was created. It included spatial attractiveness and vulnerability analysis. The results of the analysis have shown whether, in addition to spatial attractiveness criteria, spatial vulnerability criteria was taken into consideration when deciding on the location for the winter sports center. The analysis has also shown whether the Physical plan was in favor of the municipality development or was the fact that it is a Nature Park, designed as the protected area of natural and cultural values, also considered relevant.

  5. Spatial Development Potential Considering Conservation Planning Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora Tomić

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the issues of possible differences in the decision considering spatial allocation of land use and its potential and optimized allocation that derives from suitability modeling. The researched area was Žumberak- Samoborsko gorje Nature Park, one of the youngest Croatian nature parks. As such, it should have a physical plan of the special features areas, in order to know its potential and limitations. There is no such plan yet, so protection measures and development is relinquished to cities and municipalities, within whose territory the Park is situated. One of the municipalities is Ozalj, and it is used in the paper as an example for the analysis of physical planning approach for Žumberak- Samoborsko gorje Nature Park. By the survey of Physical plan of Ozalj municipality, a random selection was used to choose one activity that was planned in the area and for that activity dual spatial analysis was created. It included spatial attractiveness and vulnerability analysis. The results of the analysis have shown whether, in addition to spatial attractiveness criteria, spatial vulnerability criteria was taken into consideration when deciding on the location for the winter sports center. The analysis has also shown whether the Physical plan was in favor of the municipality development or was the fact that it is a Nature Park, designed as the protected area of natural and cultural values, also considered relevant.

  6. Microbiological criteria for good manufacturing practice (GMP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farkas, J. (Inst. of Preservation and Livestock Products Technology, Univ. of Horticulture and Food Industry, Budapest (Hungary)); Zukal, E. (Inst. of Preservation and Livestock Products Technology, Univ. of Horticulture and Food Industry, Budapest (Hungary))

    1992-01-01

    Good manufacturing practice (GMP) consist of an effective manufacturing operation and an effective application of food control. GMP is best supported by the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point system (HACCP) of the preventive quality assurance, which requires that food irradiation as any food processing technology should be used only with foods of an acceptable quality and adequate handling and storage procedures should precede and follow the processing. The paper concentrates on the first element of the HACCP system for an irradiation plant: the incoming product control, i.e. whether GMP of foods to be irradiated can be assessed by establishing microbiological criteria for their previous good manufacturing practice. In this regard, it summarizes considerations and findings of a ''Consultation on Microbiological Criteria for Foods to be Further Processed Including by Irradiation'' held in 1989 by the International Consultative Group on Food irradiation at the Headquarters of the World Health Organization, Geneva. Difficulties in establishing reference values and defining good manufacturing practices will be pointed out. (orig.)

  7. Optimum Currency Area Criteria in the Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milovan Rankov

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Creation of a monetary union in any region, regardless of the structure and level of development among countries, carries along certain costs and benefits. This paper explains Mundell’s concept of Optimum Currency Area and criteria that are needed to achieve it. Viewed through the prism of these criteria the EMU is currently far from achieving the OCA confirming the current crisis in Greece and other PIIGS countries. The example of Greece and shortcomings that contributed to its current crisis represents the biggest cost and a break-even point for the future of the monetary union. However, it is encouraging that Greece is not alone in its problems, since various funds for help have been established in a relatively short period of time. The reason for this is certainly a huge cost if any country should leave the union and the spillover effect that it would cause. Certainly serious transformations can be expected and the result should be a stronger union with better control from supra-national level.

  8. The DSM-5: Classification and criteria changes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regier, Darrel A; Kuhl, Emily A; Kupfer, David J

    2013-06-01

    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) marks the first significant revision of the publication since the DSM-IV in 1994. Changes to the DSM were largely informed by advancements in neuroscience, clinical and public health need, and identified problems with the classification system and criteria put forth in the DSM-IV. Much of the decision-making was also driven by a desire to ensure better alignment with the International Classification of Diseases and its upcoming 11th edition (ICD-11). In this paper, we describe select revisions in the DSM-5, with an emphasis on changes projected to have the greatest clinical impact and those that demonstrate efforts to enhance international compatibility, including integration of cultural context with diagnostic criteria and changes that facilitate DSM-ICD harmonization. It is anticipated that this collaborative spirit between the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) will continue as the DSM-5 is updated further, bringing the field of psychiatry even closer to a singular, cohesive nosology. PMID:23737408

  9. Multi Criteria Analysis for bioenergy systems assessments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sustainable bioenergy systems are, by definition, embedded in social, economic, and environmental contexts and depend on support of many stakeholders with different perspectives. The resulting complexity constitutes a major barrier to the implementation of bioenergy projects. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the potential of Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) to facilitate the design and implementation of sustainable bioenergy projects. Four MCA tools (Super Decisions, DecideIT, Decision Lab, NAIADE) are reviewed for their suitability to assess sustainability of bioenergy systems with a special focus on multi-stakeholder inclusion. The MCA tools are applied using data from a multi-stakeholder bioenergy case study in Uganda. Although contributing to only a part of a comprehensive decision process, MCA can assist in overcoming implementation barriers by (i) structuring the problem, (ii) assisting in the identification of the least robust and/or most uncertain components in bioenergy systems and (iii) integrating stakeholders into the decision process. Applying the four MCA tools to a Ugandan case study resulted in a large variability in outcomes. However, social criteria were consistently identified by all tools as being decisive in making a bioelectricity project viable

  10. Fides Quaerens Corporalitatem: Perspectives on liturgical embodiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. Cilliers

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available In the light of a number of paradigm shifts that have taken place in practical theological methodology, this article proposes an integrative approach that takes the fundamental role of embodiment into account. A brief discussion of the theological understanding of embodiment is followed by a reflection on certain liturgical implications, inter alia liturgical embodiment as immediate participation; as multi-sensory interpretative act; and as broken presence and celebrated absence.

  11. Investigation on vibrational evaluation criteria for small-bore pipe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The well-known organization such as API and SwRI in USA developed criteria for piping vibrational evaluation. These criteria are targeted for main pipes, but not branch pipes with small bore. In this study, applicability of criteria of API and SwRI to branch pipes was investigated. Vibration test using piping system with small bore branch pipe was conducted and amplitudes of vibrational stress and displacement were measured for various exciting force. In comparison of the measurements with the two criteria, though the criteria of API and SwRI were applicable to small bore branch pipe, they made too conservative evaluation. (author)

  12. GIS modelling for new landfill sites: critical review of employed criteria and methods of selection criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abujayyab, Sohaib K. M.; Ahamad, Mohd Sanusi S.; Shukri Yahya, Ahmad; Bashir, Mohammed J. K.; Aziz, Hamidi Abdul

    2016-06-01

    Policy makers and the public are increasingly concerned with the determination of landfill-siting input criteria (DLSIC) in landfill modelling procedures as an area of research. Thus, its procedures are complicated and decision makers are increasingly pressured. These procedures can be considerably develop in order to reduce the negative effect of landfill locations on the environment, economy, and society. In this review article, literature related to the developments of 64 models and their procedures in the past 18 years (from 1997 to 2014) were comprehensively survey. DLSIC are determined through a conventional method. The frequency of criterion usage reflects the limitation of Conventional method for DLSIC. Moreover, some of these studies utilize unrelated criteria that are time-consuming, costly, arduous, and fruitless. Potential improvement in Geographic information systems GIS modelling parameter for landfill sites via utilizing multivariate analysis (MVA) instead of Conventional method (CM) through for DLSIC (e.g., Input variables, Accuracy, objectivity, reliability of criteria, time consumption, cost and comprehensiveness) were emphasize. It can be conclude that expenses can be reduce by implementing MVA in DLSIC for landfill modelling using geographic information systems (GIS) based on the corresponding significant level. Moreover, the determined criteria can be accurate, satisfying, sufficient, and free of bias from experts and human error.

  13. On acceptance criteria for Mochovce startup physical tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paper is focused on new acceptance criteria for physical startup tests of Mochovce Units 1, 2. The acceptance criteria are discussed at the stage of their development. The acceptance criteria determination is based on statistical processing of differences between the experimental and theoretical values of neutron-physical characteristics. The experimental values were taken from physical startup tests of Bohunice Unit 1, 2 and 4 and Dukovany Unit 1 - 4. The theoretical values were calculated by code BIPR-7. The acceptance criteria were established for critical boron concentration, core loading symmetry measurement, boric acid worth, temperature reactivity coefficient, 'ejected' control rod worth, pressure reactivity coefficient and power reactivity coefficient. The new acceptance criteria were applied to evaluate results of physical startup tests of Mochovce Unit 1 in June 1998. The acceptance criteria showed to be adequate. The summary results of statistical processing and the comparison of earlier, new and US acceptance criteria for physical startup tests are presented.(Authors)

  14. Design Criteria for Achieving Acceptable Indoor Radon Concentration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Torben Valdbjørn

    2016-01-01

    Design criteria for achieving an acceptable indoor radon concentration are presented in this paper. The paper suggests three design criteria. These criteria have to be considered at the early stage of the building design phase to meet the latest recommendations from the World Health Organization in...... most countries. The three design criteria are; first, establishing a radon barrier facing the ground; second, lowering the air pressure in the lower zone of the slab on ground facing downwards; third, diluting the indoor air with outdoor air. The first two criteria can prevent radon from infiltrating...... from the ground, and the third criteria can dilute the indoor air. By combining these three criteria, the indoor radon concentration can be lowered achieving an acceptable level. In addition, a cheap and reliable method for measuring the radon concentration in the indoor air is described. The provision...

  15. The Web Application Test Based on Page Coverage Criteria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Li-zhi; TONG Wei-qin; YANG Gen-xing

    2008-01-01

    Software testing coverage criteria play an important role in the whole testing process. The current coverage criteria for web applications are based on program or URL. They are not suitable for black-box test or intuitional to use. This paper defines a kind of test criteria based on page coverage sequences only navigated by web application, including Page_Single, Page_Post, Page_Pre,Page_Seq2, Page_SeqK. The test criteria based on page coverage sequences made by interactions between web application and browser are being under consideration after that. In order to avoid ambiguity of natural language, these coverage criteria are depicted using Z formal language. The empirical result shows that the criteria complement traditional coverage and fault detection capability criteria.

  16. Selection criteria in organic cattle breeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savić Mila

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The central issue in process of organizing organic cattle breeding is the knowledge about specificities of this kind of production, good knowledge of breed characteristics (body composition, immune tolerance, expressed predisposition towards some diseases, production properties. Research centres, in collaboration with producers, have defined the essential features on which the selection programmes in organic cattle breeding are based on. Of the greatest importance for veterinary service is the fact that selection programmes in organic cattle breeding are in the first place based on giving priority to healthy animals, with strong immune system, good reproductive characteristics, which can be in production system for a long period. Additional important selective criteria is specific body resistance and adaptability of autochtonous breeds to environmental conditions. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TP 31085

  17. Analysis of burial depth criteria for containment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear test devices must be buried deep enough to contain radioactive gases. After 20 years of underground tests, historical rules to govern the burial depth of these devices have been established. The explosion phenomenology that led to these rules is examined. A model that defines and explains depth-of-burial criteria is presented. The model has identified two key elements essential to containment: sound speed to the surface and shear strength of the media. The model has been used to evaluate approximately 300 past events with encouraging but inconclusive results. On the basis of these results, specific events for further study are pinpointed. An explanation as to why low-yield events are a greater containment hazard than large-yield events is given

  18. Technical guidance for siting criteria development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aldrich, D.C.; Sprung, J.L.; Alpert, D.J.; Diegert, K.; Ostmeyer, R.M.; Ritchie, L.T.; Strip, D.R.; Johnson, J.D.; Hansen, K.; Robinson, J.

    1982-12-01

    Technical guidance to support the formulation and comparison of possible siting criteria for nuclear power plants has been developed in four areas: (1) consequences of hypothetical severe nuclear-power-plant accidents, (2) characteristics of population distributions about current reactor sites, (3) site availability within the continental United States, and (4) socioeconomic impacts of reactor siting. The impact on consequences of source-term magnitude, meteorology, population distribution, and emergency response have been analyzed. Population distributions about current sites were analyzed to identify statistical characteristics, time trends, and regional differences. A site-availability data bank was constructed for the continential United States. The data bank contains information about population densities, seismicity, topography, water availability, and land-use restrictions. Finally, the socioeconomic impacts of rural-industrialization projects, energy boomtowns, and nuclear power plants were examined to determine their nature, magnitude, and dependence on site demography and remoteness.

  19. COMBINED DAMAGE FRACTURE CRITERIA FOR PIEZOELECTRIC CERAMICS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Xinhua; Chen Chuanyao; Hu Yuantai; Wang Cheng

    2005-01-01

    Mechanical and electrical damages are introduced to study the fracture mechanics of piezoelectric ceramics in this paper. Two kinds of piezoelectric fracture criteria are established using the method of least squares combined with a damage analysis of the well-known piezoelectric fracture experiments of Park and Sun's. One is based on a linear combination of the mechanical and electrical damages and the other on their nonlinear combination. When the combined damage D is up to its critical value Dc, piezoelectric fracture occurs. It is found from the qualitative comparison of the numerical results with the experimental data that the nonlinearly combined damage fracture criterion can give a better prediction of piezoelectric fracture. And it is concluded from the nonlinearly combined damage fracture criterion that a negative electric field impedes fracture whereas the effect of a positive electric field on fracture depends on its magnitude.

  20. Technical guidance for siting criteria development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technical guidance to support the formulation and comparison of possible siting criteria for nuclear power plants has been developed in four areas: (1) consequences of hypothetical severe nuclear-power-plant accidents, (2) characteristics of population distributions about current reactor sites, (3) site availability within the continental United States, and (4) socioeconomic impacts of reactor siting. The impact on consequences of source-term magnitude, meteorology, population distribution, and emergency response have been analyzed. Population distributions about current sites were analyzed to identify statistical characteristics, time trends, and regional differences. A site-availability data bank was constructed for the continential United States. The data bank contains information about population densities, seismicity, topography, water availability, and land-use restrictions. Finally, the socioeconomic impacts of rural-industrialization projects, energy boomtowns, and nuclear power plants were examined to determine their nature, magnitude, and dependence on site demography and remoteness

  1. Success criteria for the electrometallurgical treatment demonstration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Argonne National Laboratory is demonstrating the application of electrometallurgical treatment processes to Experimental Breeder Reactor-II spent nuclear fuel. Begun in June 1996, 100 driver fuel assemblies and 25 blanket fuel assemblies will be conditioned during this demonstration project. In order to validate the technical and economic viability of the technology, the Department of Energy has established four success criteria with specific supporting goals. The results from both laboratory-scale and engineering-scale testing are being used to evaluate the processes, products and equipment against the target goals. The interim results have provided confidence that the integrated electrometallurgical processes will prove to be a viable option for treating problematic spent nuclear fuels for geologic disposal

  2. Air quality criteria for carbon monoxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The revised air quality criteria document for CO reviews and evaluates available scientific information on the health effects associated with exposure to the concentrations of CO found in ambient air. Although the document is not intended to be an exhaustive literature review, it is intended to cover all the pertinent literature through early 1991. The references cited in the document are, therefore, reflective of the present state of knowledge on those issues relevant to the subsequent review of the NAAQS for CO, currently set at 9 ppm (10 mg/cu m) for 8 h and 35 ppm (40 mg/cu m) for 1 h. Major gaps in knowledge also are identified. Although emphasis is placed on the presentation of health effects data, other scientific data are presented and evaluated in order to provide a better understanding of the nature, sources, distribution, measurement, and concentration of CO in the environment, as well as the measurement of population exposure to CO

  3. A review of macroscopic ductile failure criteria.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corona, Edmundo; Reedlunn, Benjamin

    2013-09-01

    The objective of this work was to describe several of the ductile failure criteria com- monly used to solve practical problems. The following failure models were considered: equivalent plastic strain, equivalent plastic strain in tension, maximum shear, Mohr- Coulomb, Wellman's tearing parameter, Johnson-Cook and BCJ MEM. The document presents the main characteristics of each failure model as well as sample failure predic- tions for simple proportional loading stress histories in three dimensions and in plane stress. Plasticity calculations prior to failure were conducted with a simple, linear hardening, J2 plasticity model. The resulting failure envelopes were plotted in prin- cipal stress space and plastic strain space, where the dependence on stress triaxiality and Lode angle are clearly visible. This information may help analysts select a ductile fracture model for a practical problem and help interpret analysis results.

  4. SUPPLIER SELECTION BASED ON MULTIPLE CRITERIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Allahyari Soeini

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Supplier selection is a multi-criteria decision making problem which includes both qualitative and quantitative factors. In order to select the best suppliers it is necessary to make a trade-off between these tangible and intangible factors some of which may conflict. The majority of previous supplier selection techniques do not consider strategic perspective. Besides, uncertainty is one of the most important obstacles in supplier selection. For the first time, in this paper, the idea of the algorithm "Knapsack" is used to select suppliers. Moreover, an attempt has to be made to take the advantage of a simple numerical method for solving model. This is an innovation to resolve any ambiguity in choosing suppliers. This model has been tried in the suppliers selected in a competitive environment and according to all desired standards of quality and quantity. To show the efficiency of the model, an industry sample has been uses.

  5. Assessment criteria for TRIGA reactors performances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The international statistic data show that a number of 325 research reactors are now in operation. Their constructional and functional diversity is very large, a great share being represented by the TRIGA family reactors. Such reactors are now operating at: Tucson, Arizona - USA (1958); Austin, Texas - USA (1963); Belo Horizonte - Brazil (1960); Mainz - Germany (1975); Omaha - Veterans (1959); Heidelberg - Germany (1966); Bandung - Indonesia (1964/1971); Dalat - Vietnam (1963); Pavia - Italy (1965);, Rikkyo, Yokosuka - Japan (1961); Rome, Casaccia - Italy (1960); Seoul - Rep. of Korea (1962); Wien - Austria (1962); Dasa Bethesda, MD - USA (1962); Pitesti, Arges - Romania (1979), etc. In the proposed paper, the author sets the evaluation criteria for the TRIGA-type reactors performances. The treated phenomena can be described through functions of the type φ(N1,N2,N3,...) = constant, where for example, N1 FAα1Bβ1Cγ1Eδ1. (author)

  6. Probabilistic composition of criteria for schedule monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annibal Parracho Sant'Anna

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Time is a key factor in management. Along a project execution, keeping the best completion rates, not too slow and not too fast, is a central objective but such a best rate cannot be suitably anticipated in a precise schedule. It must be determined on the job, on a comparative basis. This paper develops an evaluation system involving the measurement of schedule fitting indicators designed to deal with such conditions. This evaluation system is based on a transformation of the data into probabilities of reaching the frontier of best performances that permits precisely composing measurements on correlated attributes. This feature of the system allows for combining criteria evaluated on elementary and on aggregate levels.

  7. Acceptance criteria considerations for miscellaneous wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EPA standards set forth limitations regarding releases to the accessible environment adjacent to a geologic repository. The NRC criteria pertaining to waste form and engineered barrier performance place certain restrictions on the physical and chemical nature of the waste form and require substantially complete confinement of radioactivity until the high-heat-production period is past. After this period, the annual release of radionuclides from the waste package is normally limited to 1 part in 100,000 of the amounts calculated to be present at 1000-y decay. The regulation permits deviation from these criteria in exceptional circumstances. One such circumstance might be the absence of a significant perturbation in temperature around the stored waste. The lack of significant heat release will eliminate the hydrologic driving force for dispersal of radionuclides. Exceptional circumstances which potentially could justify a less stringent long-term release criterion are: small quantity of radioactivity, the nature of the radioactive species, and the nature of the geology in which the waste is to be emplaced. Because the MW after a suitable decay period have low heat release rates per unit volume, they apparently could be so emplaced in a repository that there would be no compelling need, according to the reasoning presented in 10 CFR 60, for a 1000-y container. Regarding attainment of the specified long-term release rate criterion, neither the solubility limits for the various waste forms nor the conductance of potential migration barriers are currently adequately characterized. The relatively small total heat generation rate for the MW in combination with the usual low volumetric heat generation rate apparently will allow application of migration barriers in a low temperature environment where barrier performance would be expected to be unchanged with time

  8. Biomonitoring test procedures and biological criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kszos, L.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Lipschultz, M.J. [City of Las Vegas, NV (United States); Foster, W.E. [Saint Mary`s Coll., Winona, MN (United States)

    1997-10-01

    The Water Environment Federation recently issued a special publication, Biomonitoring in the Water Environment. In this paper, the authors highlight the contents of the chapter 3, Biomonitoring Test Procedures, identify current trends in test procedures and introduce the concept of biological criteria (biocriteria). The book chapter (and this paper) focuses on freshwater and marine chronic and acute toxicity tests used in the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits program to identify effluents and receiving waters containing toxic materials in acutely or chronically toxic concentrations. The two major categories of toxicity tests include acute tests and chronic tests. The USEPA chronic tests required in NPDEs permits have been shortened to 7 days by focusing on the most sensitive life-cycle stages; these tests are often referred to as short-term chronic tests. The type of test(s) required depend on NPDES permit requirements, objectives of the test, available resources, requirements of the test organisms, and effluent characteristics such as variability in flow or toxicity. The permit writer will determine the requirements for toxicity test(s) by considering such factors as dilution, effluent variability, and exposure variability. Whether the required test is acute or chronic, the objective of the test is to estimate the safe or no effect concentration which is defined as the concentration which will permit normal propagation of fish and other aquatic life in the receiving waters. In this paper, the authors review the types of toxicity tests, the commonly used test organisms, and the uses of toxicity test data. In addition, they briefly describe research on new methods and the use of biological criteria.

  9. [Diagnostic criteria for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beydon, N; Aubertin, G

    2016-04-01

    The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is 1-4 % in school-aged children. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy is the most common etiology of OSAS in children. Other causes are obesity; facial or skeletal malformations; and neuromuscular, respiratory, or metabolic diseases. OSAS has been associated with sleep quality disturbance (frequent arousals) and nocturnal gas exchange abnormalities (hypoxemia and sometimes hypercapnia), which can both result in negative health outcomes. The analysis of clinical symptoms and physical examination cannot always distinguish between children with primary snoring and children with OSAS. However, the association of at least one sign of nocturnal upper airway obstruction with other diurnal or nocturnal symptoms can be sufficient to establish OSAS diagnosis in a child more than 3 years of age with clear enlarged tonsils but who is otherwise healthy. In all other cases, polysomnography (the gold standard for the diagnosis of sleep-disordered breathing) must be performed either to declare the diagnosis when clinical assessment is not conclusive or when risk factors are present, or to follow up children with an associated health condition or initial severe OSAS. The equipment used to record sleep and the interpretation criteria are all pediatric-specific. Other methods, such as respiratory polygraphy, are simpler to implement, but further studies are warranted to validate the interpretation criteria of these methods in children. However, in centers with experienced personnel, polygraphy can be used in place of polysomnography. In all cases, the analysis of sleep traces must be manual and performed by personnel under the supervision of medical staff trained to interpret pediatric sleep studies. PMID:26968302

  10. Comparison of the whiplash injury criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivancic, Paul C; Sha, Daohang

    2010-01-01

    Whiplash injury criteria are based upon the hypothesis that neck injuries are caused by excessive loads, displacements, or head/T1 relative acceleration and velocity. The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the whiplash injury criteria (IV-NIC, NIC, Nkm, Nij, and NDC) during simulated rear impacts of a new Human Model of the Neck (HUMON) with and without an active head restraint (AHR). HUMON consisted of a neck specimen mounted to the torso of BioRID II and carrying an anthropometric head stabilized with muscle force replication. HUMON was seated and secured in a Kia Sedona seat with AHR on a sled. Rear impacts (7.1 and 11.1g) were simulated with the AHR in five different positions followed by an impact with no HR. Statistical differences (P or = 0.35 and P < 0.001). The AHR caused significant decreases in peak NIC and NDC as compared to no HR. The IV-NIC identified significantly increased motion above the physiologic limit at the middle and lower cervical spine with and without the AHR. Correlation was observed between IV-NIC and NIC, Nkm, Nij, and NDC. Extrapolation using the present correlations and the IV-NIC injury thresholds suggests neck injuries may occur at peak NIC of 14.4m(2)/s(2), Nkm of 0.33, or Nij of 0.09. Nonphysiologic spinal rotation at one or more spinal levels may occur even if head/T1 motions are small. PMID:19887145

  11. Criteria of enterprise marketing service base forming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.A. Bilovodska

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of this article is to characterize basic personnel analysis methods, to propose own criteria which help to perform complex personnel evaluation by different departments. The results of the analysis. This article is based on the investigation of specialized literature regarding different personnel evaluation methods. Implementation of marketing concept in business requires corresponding service that examines marketing environment, analyzing market situation. It provides advice for successful existence in the market. Such functions must be performed by marketing department. Marketing department with other divisions forms an integrated process which aims to meet the market demand. Managers and leading specialists of marketing must satisfy the general requirements (competence, the ability to manage themselves, skills to solve problems, ability to train employees, etc.. Besides, they must satisfy a number of specific requirements that are specific. These requirements include: systematic knowledge, erudition, high analytical quality, communication, and diplomacy, ability to predict the situation and to make an effective decisions, ability to resolve conflicts. Personnel evaluation methods are divided into objective and subjective. Narrative techniques are dominated among objective. These methods can be used in various forms: as appliances of arbitrary description, structured descriptions, self-evaluation, and evaluation of defined objectives and in critical cases. Subjective methods usually cover comparative techniques that give relative knowledge: ranking, paired comparison and theoretical distribution. Complex methods combine several techniques that can’t be attributed only to the objective or only to the subjective methods. For example, sheet valuation, “model 360°”, personal portfolio. Authors suggested the following criteria of personnel evaluation: evaluation of marketing services; evaluation of individual

  12. Liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma beyond the Milan criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiao; Lu, Di; Ling, Qi; Wei, Xuyong; Wu, Jian; Zhou, Lin; Yan, Sheng; Wu, Liming; Geng, Lei; Ke, Qinghong; Gao, Feng; Tu, Zhenhua; Wang, Weilin; Zhang, Min; Shen, Yan; Xie, Haiyang; Jiang, Wenshi; Wang, Haibo; Zheng, Shusen

    2016-01-01

    Objective Liver transplantation is an optimal radical therapy for selected patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The stringent organ allocation system driven by the Milan criteria has been challenged by alternative sets of expanded criteria. Careful analysis is needed to prove that the Milan criteria can be expanded safely and effectively. Design This study collectively reviewed 6012 patients of hepatocellular carcinoma from the China Liver Transplant Registry. Expanded criteria were evaluated to characterise an optimised expansion with acceptable outcomes beyond the Milan criteria. Results Compared with the Milan criteria, Valencia, University of California, San Francisco, University Clinic of Navarra and Hangzhou criteria provided an expansion of 12.4%, 16.3%, 19.6%, and 51.5%, respectively. The post-transplant survivals of patients fulfilling the expanded criteria were comparable to that of the Milan criteria. The analysis of net reclassification improvement and area under the receiver operating characteristic curves showed an excellent efficiency in recurrence prediction for the expanded criteria compared with the Milan criteria. In patients exceeding Milan but fulfilling the Hangzhou criteria (N=1352), α-fetoprotein (AFP) >100 ng/mL and tumour burden>8 cm were the only two independent prognostic factors (p8 cm but AFP≤100 ng/mL) and type B (tumour burden >8 cm but AFP between 100 and 400 ng/mL). Type A showed significantly higher 5-year tumour-free survival rates compared with type B (p<0.001). Conclusions The Milan criteria can be expanded safely and effectively. The prognostic stratification system based on the Hangzhou criteria serves as a hierarchy of transplant candidates for hepatocellular carcinoma. PMID:25804634

  13. Safety criteria and their comparison between WWER and PWR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Relevant PWR and WWER fuel safety related criteria are identified and classified into: (a) safety criteria, (b) operational criteria, and (c) design criteria. All criteria and their basis were reviewed in details. PWR and WWER fuel safety criteria are found in principle compatible (very similar if not identical basis) - thus, no fundamental distinction in the approach to defining fuel safety criteria between Eastern and Western Europe appears to exist. Some differences have been observed between the individual criteria and/or their numerical values. These are mostly due to differences in fuel design and materials. The variety in reactor characteristics and country specific licensing requirements sometimes lead to differences between criteria definitions. The report captures the characteristics of PWR/WWER fuel safety and serves as a basis to outline the general safety case for PWR and WWER fuel. The report also serves to highlight the basic fuel safety principles and their bases, and broadens the insight in failure. Especially in view of high burnup and new materials, there is a need to further develop the safety criteria and their numerical values. Even without such innovations, there is a clear potential for refining and improving some of the fuel safety related criteria and/or their numerical values. This report could serve as a basis for discussions on a more in-depth co-operation for future activities needed to verify the existing safety criteria or to support improvements. Closer collaboration in the review of PWR (LWR) and WWER safety criteria and in reviewing the respective safety cases is recommended

  14. Multi-wavelength diagnostic properties of Galactic Planetary Nebulae detected by GLIMPSE-I

    CERN Document Server

    Cohen, Martin; Green, Anne J; Miszalski, Brent; Frew, David J; Murphy, Tara

    2010-01-01

    We uniformly analyze 136 optically detected PNe and candidates from the GLIMPSE-I survey in order to to develop robust, multi-wavelength, classification criteria to augment existing diagnostics and provide pure PN samples. PNe represent powerful astrophysical probes. They are important dynamical tracers, key sources of ISM chemical enrichment, windows into late stellar evolution, and potent cosmological yardsticks. But their utility depends on separating them unequivocally from the many nebular mimics which can strongly resemble bona fide PNe in traditional optical images and spectra. We merge new PNe from the carefully evaluated, homogeneous MASH-I and MASH-II surveys, which offer a wider evolutionary range of PNe than hitherto available, with previously known PNe classified by SIMBAD. Mid-infrared (MIR) measurements vitally complement optical data because they reveal other physical processes and morphologies via fine-structure lines, molecular bands and dust. MIR colour-colour planes, optical emission line ...

  15. Selection criteria for spent fuel storage technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    years depending on requirements. Generally, storage periods of 30-80 years is selected for a new storage facility. Storage periods are chosen according to expected dates for a disposal facility or to postpone a decision. The storage facility lifetime also presents several advantages. It provides time to postpone decisions and for selection of disposal options. The main selection process is carried out between two storage types, wet and dry storage technologies. Dry storage technologies are preferred for cost saving due to modularity and less effort in operation and maintenance. Safety criteria influencing the selection of storage types include: long-term subcriticality, radiation doses, containment barriers, safe retrievability of fuel, risk analysis. A review of spent fuel storage facilities implemented during the last 10 years show that the storage in a dry environment is becoming more common. In addition to the safety criteria, existence of national regulations and licensability are critical factors. Site selection has to be done at the beginning, and depends on not only technical factors but social factors as well. The main technical factors are: earthquake, climatology, hydrology, transport conditions and calculated radiation dose to the public. The time needed to implement a new storage facility covers several stages including design, licensing, construction and training of operators. Public acceptance is another factor which may cause significant delays in the implementation process. Processing rates have to be determined according to the methods for loading and storing amount of spent fuel per year. Generally, dry storage facilities are independent from the reactor operations. But in the case of a failure, interface with reactor operations will be necessary. Multipurpose casks or vaults may solve these problems. All these factors affect the cost of the storage facility. The unit cost of an AFR storage facility may differ significantly among the various storage

  16. Criteria indicating morbidity in tuberculous meningitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To work out a criterion that may indicate morbidity in tuberculous meningitis. Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at the Medical Unit of the Liaquat University of Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Pakistan, and included cases related to a period between January 2006 and June 2011. Record of 50 patients were evaluated for clinical features, chest radiograph, Mantoux test, sputum for acid fast bacilli, routine investigations, cerebrospinal fluid studies, computerised tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging of head. All the patients in the study had been treated with conventional approach. The severity of the condition was classified in stages, I, II and III. Clinical features, laboratory findings and imaging reports were analysed through SPSS 10 to find out the criteria indicating morbidity. Mean, median, standard deviation were calculated. Student t-test was applied on variables. Results: Of the 50 patients, 26 (52%) were male and 24 (48%) were female. Their ages ranged from 12 to 70 years. Mean age was 37.72 +-19.65 years. Median age was 35.54 years. Of the total, 17 (34%) patients recovered completely without any complications. Their mean age was 24+-8.98 years and their mean time interval from onset of illness to presentation in the hospital was 21.75+-9.75 days. Besides, 30 (60%) patients persisted with neurological sequelae, including cranial nerve palsies, hemiplegia, and hydrocephalus. Patients with neurological sequelae had mean age of 48+-17.48 years and their mean time interval from onset of illness to presentation in the hospital was 41.33+-14.14 days. Hydrocephalus was seen in 10 (20%) patients. Three (6%) patients expired. Clinical features, laboratory findings and imaging reports analysis showed that the criteria indicating morbidity were increasing age of the patient (p=0.037), late diagnosis (p=0.044), advancing stage of disease, and development of hydrocephalus. Conclusion: Increasing age of the patient, late diagnosis

  17. The wave criteria for coastal zoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monnot, J. V.; Diez Gonzalez, J. J.; del Saz Cordero, S.

    2012-04-01

    THE WAVE CRITERIA FOR THE COASTAL ZONE DEFINITION Coastal nations define along their shores a strip of intense administrative intervention entailing strong restrictions to landowners domainial powers. The exact determination of the spatial extent of this zone is always blurred by coastal dynamics which cast some degree of legal uncertainty on the adjacent real rights. Criterion adopted for this determination shall seek to be practical enough to be effectively implemented, and at the same time robust enough in order to remain reliable at least in the mid term. In short, the aim of this paper is to integrate technical tools taken from coastal engineering and coastal law in order to better understand the relationship between human societies and the coastal substratum. The first step of our document aims to highlight those reasons that lead human societies to set back from the coast, and for this purpose we will proceed to a systematical scanning through the "Legal Findings" sections of several coastal laws. As a second step, we will make a review of the most common coastal features that constitute the final object of the administrative protection. Those coastal features, present in almost all coastal laws, are cliffs, dunes, wetlands and beaches, all of them closely related to waves. In this second point, the review will point out the reasons for the protection of those geomorphological elements and their role and utility for coastal human societies. The last part of this document will take advantage of the elements resulting from the first two steps in order to draw some conclusions. As a first achievement, and at the light of the fundamentals for coastal administrative protection identified in the first part, we will sort out a classification of coastal setbacks, according to the leading idea by which they are based. Finally will we will put into practice the concepts obtained from both the first and second steps - fundamentals for coastal administrative

  18. DOES THE MAASTRICHT CONVERGENCE CRITERIA WORK?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karsai Zoltán-Krisztián

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available During its 13 year history, the euro area experienced the most severe economic downturn in the late 2000s as a result of the 2007 financial-economic crisis stemming from the US banking sector. The crisis in the monetary union, besides posting a significant economic and social cost, revealed several weaknesses not just of the currency block as a whole, but also of its constituting members, which were masked by the prosperous economic environment characteristic for the 2000s. These conditions have put to the test the solidarity among the euro zone members, or in other words the existence of the currency block. One important problem of the currency block is the lack of harmony between the fiscal and economic policies of the member states, creating several and occasionally very divergent parts of the currency block. The aim of this research is to enhance the Maastricht convergence criteria’s and the Stability and Growth Pact’s role as a monitoring mechanism, allowing them to become more informative tools for the policy makers. For this, based on the relevant literature, we propose new potential explanatory variables which could enhance the role of the Maastricht convergence criteria and the Stability and Growth Pact. Some of the studied variables, like indebtedness of the private sector, capital flow compared to the size of the economy, government revenue compared to total public debt and current account balance help in enforcing the nominal convergence, while others (real labour productivity contribute to the real convergence. The explanatory power of the proposed variables are investigated in the case of France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain for the period comprised between 2000Q1-2011Q4. Results of the research show that with the exception of government revenue compared to total public debt, all proposed variables have significant explanatory power regarding the evolution of the state of the economy in all

  19. Are Defect Profile Similarity Criteria Different Than Velocity Profile Similarity Criteria for the Turbulent Boundary Layer?

    OpenAIRE

    Weyburne, David

    2015-01-01

    The use of the defect profile instead of the experimentally observed velocity profile for the search for similarity parameters has become firmly imbedded in the turbulent boundary layer literature. However, a search of the literature reveals that there are no theoretical reasons for this defect profile preference over the more traditional velocity profile. In the report herein, we use the flow governing equation approach to develop similarity criteria for the two profiles. Results show that t...

  20. Nuclear Fuel Safety Criteria Technical Review - Second edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most of the current nuclear fuel safety criteria were established during the 1960's and early 1970's. Although these criteria were validated against experiments with fuel designs available at that time, a number of tests were based on unirradiated fuels. Additional verification was performed as these designs evolved, but mostly with the aim of showing that the new designs adequately complied with existing criteria, and not to establish new limits. In 1996, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) reviewed existing fuel safety criteria, focusing on new fuel and core designs, new cladding materials and industry manufacturing processes. The results were published in the Nuclear Fuel Safety Criteria Technical Review of 2001. The NEA has since re-examined the criteria. A brief description of each criterion and its rationale are presented in this second edition, which will be of interest to both regulators and industry (fuel vendors, utilities)

  1. On acceptance criteria for Mochovce startup physical tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New acceptance criteria are discussed for physical startup tests of Mochovce Units 1, 2, at the stage of their development. The acceptance criteria determination is based on statistical processing of differences between the experimental and theoretical values of neutron-physical characteristics. The experimental values were taken from physical startup tests of Bohunice Unit 1, 2 and 4 and Dukovany Unit 1 - 4. The theoretical values were calculated by code BIPR-7. The acceptance criteria were established for critical boron concentration, core loading symmetry measurement, boric acid worth, temperature reactivity coefficient, 'ejected' control rod worth, pressure reactivity coefficient and power reactivity coefficient. The new acceptance criteria were applied to evaluate results of physical startup tests of Mochove Unit 1 in June 1998. The acceptance criteria showed to be adequate. The summary results of statistical processing and the comparison of earlier, new and US acceptance criteria for physical startup tests are presented. (author)

  2. Risk acceptance criteria of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes some of the regulatory and control functions legally conferred upon the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority concerning radiological risks, as well as a critical analysis of the radiological risk acceptance criteria contained in the Argentine regulatory system. A summary of the application of regulatory standards AR 3.1.3. - 'Radiological criteria related to accidents in nuclear power reactors' and AR 4.1.3. - 'Radiological criteria related to accidents in research reactors' to concrete cases is made, while the favourable and unfavourable aspects of the risk acceptance criteria are discussed. The conclusion is that the Argentine regulatory system contains adequate radiological risk acceptance criteria, that the latter are consistent with the radiological protection principles applicable to man and that, for the moment, there is no need to perform any modifications that would broaden the conceptual framework on which such criteria are based. (author)

  3. Multi criteria analysis in the renewable energy industry

    CERN Document Server

    San Cristóbal Mateo, José Ramón

    2012-01-01

    Decision makers in the Renewable Energy sector face an increasingly complex social, economic, technological, and environmental scenario in their decision process. Different groups of decision-makers become involved in the process, each group bringing along different criteria therefore, policy formulation for fossil fuel substitution by Renewable Energies must be addressed in a multi-criteria context. Multi Criteria Analysis in the Renewable Energy Industry is a direct response to the increasing interest in the Renewable Energy industry which can be seen as an important remedy to many environmental problems that the world faces today. The multiplicity of criteria and the increasingly complex social, economic, technological, and environmental scenario makes multi-criteria analysis a valuable tool in the decision-making process for fossil fuel substitution. The detailed chapters explore the use of the Multi-criteria decision-making methods and how they provide valuable assistance in reaching equitable and accept...

  4. Top-level regulatory criteria for the standard MHTGR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Licensing Plan for the Standard MHTGR (Ref. 1) describes a program to support a U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) design review and approval. The Plan calls for the submittal of Top-Level Regulatory Criteria to the NRC for concurrence with their completeness and acceptability for the MHTGR program. The Top-Level Regulatory Criteria are defined as the standards for judging licensability that directly specify acceptable limits for protection of the public health and safety and the environment. The criteria proposed herein are for normal plant operation and a broad spectrum of anticipated events, including accidents. The approach taken is to define a set of criteria which are general as opposed to being design specific. Specifically, it is recommended that criteria be met which: 1. Are less prescriptive than current regulation, thereby encouraging maximum flexibility in design approaches. 2. Are measurable. 3. Are not more strict than the criteria for current power plants

  5. Radiation protection criteria in the long-range view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report presents by way of introduction radiation protection criteria applied to radiological activities and to disposal of low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste. In these cases it is primarily short-range views that are relevant, up to a few thousand years as a maximum. In the case of high-level wastes where the views may extend to more than hundreds of thousands years, there are not for the present any equally well stablished criteria. Based upon preliminary results from a Nordic team for criteria for high-level radioactive wastes, dose estimates in the long-range view and alternative assessment criteria are discussed. Proposals are also presented for 12 criteria that may be applicable. As the work is not yet finshed, the criteria are however merely preliminary

  6. Birth Attendants and Midwifery Practice in Early Twentieth-century Derbyshire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Alice

    2012-01-01

    Summary The 1902 Midwives Act introduced training and supervision for midwives in England and Wales, outlawing uncertified-and-untrained midwives (handywomen) and phasing out certified-but-untrained (bona fide) midwives. This paper compares the numbers and practices of these two different types of birth attendant with each other, with qualified and certified midwives and with doctors in early twentieth-century Derbyshire during this period of change, and examines the spatial and social factors influencing women's choice of birth attendant. It finds that the new legislation did not entirely eliminate continuity in traditional practices and allegiance, and that both social and spatial factors governed the choice of delivery attendant, with fewer midwives available in rural areas and a surviving network of untrained bona fide midwives in mining communities. Within this spatial pattern, however, although wealthier women were more likely to have chosen a doctor or a qualified midwife, familiarity and loyalty allowed bona fide midwives to maintain their case loads.

  7. Assessment Criteria of Bentonite Binding Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Żymankowska-Kumon

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The criteria, with which one should be guided at the assessment of the binding properties of bentonites used for moulding sands, areproposed in the paper. Apart from the standard parameter which is the active bentonite content, the unrestrained growth indicator should be taken into account since it seems to be more adequate in the estimation of the sand compression strength. The investigations performed for three kinds of bentonites, applied in the Polish foundry plants, subjected to a high temperature influences indicate, that the pathway of changes of the unrestrained growth indicator is very similar to the pathway of changes of the sand compression strength. Instead, the character of changes of the montmorillonite content in the sand in dependence of the temperature is quite different. The sand exhibits the significant active bentonite content, and the sand compression strength decreases rapidly. The montmorillonite content in bentonite samples was determined by the modern copper complex method of triethylenetetraamine (Cu(II-TET. Tests were performed for bentonites and for sands with those bentonites subjected to high temperatures influences in a range: 100-700ºC.

  8. Oil refining expansion criteria for Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper assesses different strategies for the expansion of Brazil's oil refining segment, using criteria that range from energy security (reducing imports and vulnerability for key products) through to maximizing the profitability of this sector (boosting the output of higher value oil products) and adding value to Brazil's oil production (reducing exports of heavy acid oil). The development prospects are analyzed for conventional fuel production technology routes, sketching out three possible refining schemes for Brazilian oil and a GTL plant for producing gasoil from natural gas. Market scenario simulations indicate that investments will be required in Brazil's oil refining segment over and above those allocated to planned modifications in its current facilities, reducing the nation's vulnerability in terms of gasoil and petrochemical naphtha imports. Although not economically attractive, oil refining is a key activity that is crucial to oil company strategies. The decision to invest in this segment depends on local infrastructure conditions, environmental constraints and fuel specifications, in addition to oil company strategies, steady growth in demand and the definition of a government policy that eases institutional risks. (author)

  9. Living donor transplant: wider selection criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Splendiani, G; Cipriani, S; Valeri, M; Torlone, N; Vega, A; Tullio, T; Condò, S; Dominijanni, S; Casciani, C U

    2004-04-01

    The availability of cadaveric donor organs is insufficient for actual needs. The organ demand increases by 20% per year. Living donor transplant (LDT) may be a valid therapeutical alternative provided one uses proper criteria. LDT provides many advantages, like improved patient and organ survival, short waiting time, and the possibility to carefully plan the procedure. Potential risks include perioperative mortality and renal dysfunction in the kidney donor. At present, kidney LDTs in Italy represent 8% of the total, with an organ survival rate of 97% after 1 year (vs 93% for cadaveric transplants) and donors mortality rate of almost null. Most LDTs are performed from kinsmen. Presently, law no. 458, 26 June 1967, is in force in Italy for kidney LDT and law no. 453, 16 December 1999, for liver LDT. The foundations of LDT are, of course, the recipient's condition, the donor's motivation, and the altruism of the donation. It is desirable that in the future an increasing number of LDT be performed, supported by a careful, widespread health education regarding organ donation from living subjects and by the possibility to obtain insurance for the donor, which has been considered but never provided by actual laws. PMID:15110560

  10. Yield criteria for quasibrittle and frictional materials

    CERN Document Server

    Bigoni, Davide

    2010-01-01

    A new yield/damage function is proposed for modelling the inelastic behaviour of a broad class of pressure-sensitive, frictional, ductile and brittle-cohesive materials. The yield function allows the possibility of describing a transition between the shape of a yield surface typical of a class of materials to that typical of another class of materals. This is a fundamental key to model the behaviour of materials which become cohesive during hardening (so that the shape of the yield surface evolves from that typical of a granular material to that typical of a dense material), or which decrease cohesion due to damage accumulation. The proposed yield function is shown to agree with a variety of experimental data relative to soil, concrete, rock, metallic and composite powders, metallic foams, porous metals, and polymers. The yield function represents a single, convex and smooth surface in stress space approaching as limit situations well-known criteria and the extreme limits of convexity in the deviatoric plane....

  11. Stress criteria for nuclear vessel concrete

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Concrete nuclear vessels are submitted to prestressing forces which limit tensile stresses in concrete when the vessel is under pressure with thermal gradients. Hence, the most severe conditions for concrete appear when the vessel is prestressed and not submitted to internal pressure. The triaxial states of stress in the concrete may be computed postulating elastic or other behavior and compared with safe limits obtained from rupture tests and fatigue tests. The first part of the paper, recalls experimental rupture results and the acceptability procedures currently used. Criteria founded on the lemniscoid surfaces are proposed, parameters for which are obtained by various tests and safety considerations. In the second part, rupture tests are reported on small, thick, cylindrical vessels submitted to external hydraulic pressure simulating prestressing forces. Materials used are plain concrete, microconcrete, marble and graphite. The strengths obtained are much higher than those which could be elastically computed, triaxial rupture states being provided by previous experiments. Such results may be due to a plastic stress redistribution before fracture and to stabilizing effects of stress gradients around the more stressed areas. Fatigue tests by external hydraulic loading are reported

  12. Bioassay criteria for environmental restoration workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental restoration (ER) work at the U. S. Department of Energy Hanford Site posed questions concerning when to perform bioassay monitoring of workers for potential intakes of radioactivity. Application of criteria originally developed for use inside radionuclide processing facilities to ER work resulted in overly restrictive bioassay requirements. ER work typically involves site characterization or, excavating large quantities of potentially contaminated soil, rather than working with concentrated quantities of radioactivity as in a processing facility. An improved approach, tailored to ER work, provided soil contamination concentrations above which worker bioassay would be required. Soil concentrations were derived assuming acute or chronic intakes of 2% of an Annual Limit on Intake (ALI), or a potential committed effective dose equivalent of 100 mrem, and conservative dust loading of air from the work. When planning ER work, the anticipated soil concentration and corresponding need for bioassay could be estimated from work-site historical records. Once site work commenced, soil sampling and work-place surveys could be used to determine bioassay needs. This approach substantially reduced the required number of bioassay samples with corresponding reductions in analytical costs, schedules, and more flexible work-force management. (Work supported by the US Department of Energy under contract DOE-AC06-76RLO 1830.)

  13. Complex Linearizability Criteria for Differential Equations

    CERN Document Server

    Ali, S; Qadir, Asghar

    2010-01-01

    The classical work of Lie for linearization of a scalar second-order ordinary differential equation (ODE) has recently been extended to higher order and to systems using real variables. There is little available of a general nature for partial differential equations (PDEs). Here we use complex functions of a complex variable to extend the earlier results to systems of PDEs and complex functions of a real variable to extend to systems of real variables. Linearization of nonlinear PDEs is one of the challenging problems in mathematics. There exists no invariant criteria to check the linearizability of such equations. In a non-trivial way, we gain explicit invariant linearizability conditions for a class of systems of non-linear PDEs which were not reported before. The problem of construction of linearizing transformation is also addressed which give way to procedures for writing down the solutions of the linearized equations. Besides, the integrability of systems of ODEs is achieved by taking advantage of analy...

  14. Monitoring programmes for internal exposure: designing criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this document is to offer guidance for the decision whether a monitoring programme is required and how it should be designed. It can be also used as a tool for making the standing programmes consistent with the most recent publications on internal dosimetry, such as ISO 20553 'Monitoring of workers occupationally exposed to a risk of internal contamination with radioactive material', specific publications of the IAEA and ICRP, and including the conclusions of the OMINEX Project ('Optimisation of Monitoring for Internal Exposures') and IDEAS Project. It is established that the general purpose of the monitoring is verify that each worker is protected adequately against risks from radionuclide intakes and document that the protection complies with legal requirements. The criteria for a particular monitoring programme designing is based on the magnitude of the probable intake and the possibility of detecting a significant event when it occurs. So, the risk assessment for each work process must be evaluated and each worker is classified accordingly. This classification implies the acceptance of reference effective dose values (1 y 6 mSv/y ). (author)

  15. Grout Treatment Facility waste feed acceptance criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document establishes criteria for the acceptance of grout waste feed to provide assurance that the final grout form produced by the Grout Disposal Facility (GDF) will meet the regulatory, design, product, and process requirements. Contained in the report is an evaluation of the regulatory requirements associated with the grout disposal option along with a description of the waste currently stored on the site. An evaluation of the heat generation requirements for the waste feed stream is presented. This evaluation includes the heat resulting from the grout curing process as well as heat associated with the radiolytic decay of the radioisotopes present. Limits for individual elements as well as limits for classes of materials such as organics, sulfates, etc. are presented in Table 1-1. These values are based on regulatory, heat generation, and compositional limits to assure the integrity of the final grout products. Some compositional limits such as heavy metals will require Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) testing to demonstrate regulatory compliance

  16. Weblog Search Engine Based on Quality Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Azimzadeh,

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, increasing amount of human knowledge is placed in computerized repositories such as the World Wide Web. This gives rise to the problem of how to locate specific pieces of information in these often quite unstructured repositories. Search engines is the best solved. Some studied show that, almost half of the traffic to the blog server comes from search engines. The more outgoing and informal social nature of the blogosphere opens the opportunity for exploiting more socially-oriented features. The nature of blogs, which are usually characterized by their personal and informal nature, dynamically and constructed on the new relational links required new quality measurement for blog search engine. Link analysis algorithms that exploit the Web graph may not work well in the blogosphere in general. (Gonçalves et al 2010 indicated that most of the popular blogs in the dataset (70% have a PageRank value equal -1, being thus almost invisible to the search engine. We expected that incorporated the special blogs quality criteria would be more desirably retrieved by search engines.

  17. Tapware GPP criteria proposal and tapware GPP technical background report

    OpenAIRE

    KAPS RENATA BARBARA; WOLF Oliver

    2012-01-01

    The report proposes and substantiates Green Public Procurement criteria for the product group of ‘Sanitary Tapware’, which includes taps and showers. Green Public Procurement criteria allow public authorities to integrate environmental aspects in their purchasing decisions. The report contains the criteria proposal itself, the underlying scientific evidence regarding the environmental impacts of sanitary tapware, and it describes the most important European legislation and labelling schemes r...

  18. Seismic re-evaluation criteria for Bohunice V1 reconstruction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bohunice V1 in Slovakia is a Russian designed two unit WWER 440, Model 230 Pressurized Water Reactor. The plant was not originally designed for earthquake. Subsequent and ongoing reassessments now confirm that the seismic hazard at the site is significant. EBO, the plant owner has contracted with a consortium lead by Siemens AG (REKON) to do major reconstruction of the plant to significantly enhance its safety systems by the addition of new systems and the upgrading of existing systems. As part of the reconstruction, a complete seismic assessment and upgrading is required for existing safety relevant structures, systems and components. It is not practical to conduct this reassessment and upgrading using criteria applied to new design of nuclear power plants. Alternate criteria may be used to achieve adequate safety goals. Utilities in the U.S. have faced several seismic issues with operating NPPs and to resolve these issues, alternate criteria have been developed which are much more cost effective than use of criteria for new design. These alternate criteria incorporate the knowledge obtained from investigation of the performance of equipment in major earthquakes and include provisions for structures and passive equipment to deform beyond the yield point, yet still provide their essential function. IAEA has incorporated features of these alternate criteria into draft Technical Guidelines for application to Bohunice V1 and V2. REKON has developed plant specific criteria and procedures for the Bohunice V1 reconstruction that incorporate major features of the U.S. developed alternate criteria, comply to local codes and which envelop the draft IAEA Technical Guidelines. Included in these criteria and procedures are comprehensive walkdown screening criteria for equipment, piping, HVAC and cable raceways, analytical criteria which include inelastic energy absorption factors defined on an element basis and testing criteria which include specific guidance on interpretation

  19. Development of small reactor safety criteria in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A number of new small reactor designs have been proposed in Canada over the last several years and some have reached the stage where licensing discussions have been initiated with the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB). An inter-organizational Small Reactor Criteria (SRC) working group was formed in 1988 to propose safety and licensing criteria for these small reactors. Two levels of criteria are proposed. The first level forms a safety philosophy and the second is a set of criteria for specific reactor applications. The safety philosophy consists of three basic safety objectives together with evaluation criteria, and fourteen fundamental principles measured by specific criteria, which must be implemented to meet the safety objectives. Two of the fourteen principles are prime: defence in depth, and safety culture; the other twelve principles can be seen as deriving from them. A benefit of this approach is that the concepts of defence in depth and safety culture become well-defined. The objectives and principles are presented in the paper and their criteria are summarized. The second level of criteria, under development, will form a safety application set and will provide small reactor criteria in a number of general areas, such as regulatory process and safety assessment, as well as for specific reactor life-cycle activities, from siting through to decommissioning. The criteria are largely deterministic. However, the frequencies and consequences of postulated accidents are assessed against numerical criteria to assist in judging the acceptability of plant design, operation, and proposed siting. All criteria proposed are designed to be testable in some evidentiary fashion, readily enabling an assessment of compliance for a given proposal

  20. Criteria and levels of sport and health competence by graduates

    OpenAIRE

    Грибан, Григорій Петрович

    2013-01-01

    Criteria and levels of preparedness of university students to the life in the discipline «Physical Education» are ascertained. Sport and health competence of students in physical education is studied. Motivational, cognitive and active criteria are recognized as main criteria of preparedness of future professionals for the introduction of physical education in the life. Sport and health competence of students is assessed at high, satisfactory, middle and low levels. To develop own physical cu...

  1. Strategic Determinants of Partner Selection Criteria in International Joint Ventures

    OpenAIRE

    J Michael Geringer

    1991-01-01

    Prior studies are vague regarding determinants of criteria for selecting “complementary” partners for international joint ventures (IJVs). This paper first distinguishes task and partner-related dimensions of selection criteria. The paper then argues that relative importance of task-related selection criteria is determined by the strategic context of the proposed IJV and the parent firm, specifically the critical success factors of the venture's competitive environment and the parent's static...

  2. CONSUMER POTENTIAL ANALYSIS OF FEASIBILITY CRITERIA OF GEOTHERMAL PROJECTS

    OpenAIRE

    Jenei, Tunde

    2012-01-01

    The University of Debrecen, Faculty of Engineering, has been conducting a research program in geothermal energy since 2008. This program enabled me to devise an analytical study of the monetary and non-monetary criteria of geothermal projects. The monetary criteria of a region or a location for geothermal energy production cover the investment costs of the surface installations and the cost of the drillings. Non-monetary criteria include the geological and geothermal evaluations of a reservoi...

  3. A review of proposed Glen Canyon Dam interim operating criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaGory, K.; Hlohowskyj, I.; Tomasko, D.; Hayse, J.; Durham, L.

    1992-04-01

    Three sets of interim operating criteria for Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River have been proposed for the period of November 1991, to the completion of the record of decision for the Glen Canyon Dam environmental impact statement (about 1993). These criteria set specific limits on dam releases, including maximum and minimum flows, up-ramp and down-ramp rates, and maximum daily fluctuation. Under the proposed interim criteria, all of these parameters would be reduced relative to historical operating criteria to protect downstream natural resources, including sediment deposits, threatened and endangered fishes, trout, the aquatic food base, and riparian plant communities. The scientific bases of the three sets of proposed operating criteria are evaluated in the present report:(1) criteria proposed by the Research/Scientific Group, associated with the Glen Canyon Environmental Studies (GCES); (2) criteria proposed state and federal officials charged with managing downstream resources; and (3) test criteria imposed from July 1991, to November 1991. Data from Phase 1 of the GCES and other sources established that the targeted natural resources are affected by dam operations, but the specific interim criteria chosen were not supported by any existing studies. It is unlikely that irreversible changes to any of the resources would occur over the interim period if historical operating criteria remained in place. It is likely that adoption of any of the sets of proposed interim operating criteria would reduce the levels of sediment transport and erosion below Glen Canyon Dam; however, these interim criteria could result in some adverse effects, including the accumulation of debris at tributary mouths, a shift of new high-water-zone vegetation into more flood-prone areas, and further declines in vegetation in the old high water zone.

  4. Nevada Test Site Waste Acceptance Criteria, December 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-12-01

    This document establishes the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office waste acceptance criteria. The waste acceptance criteria provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada Test Site will accept low-level radioactive waste and mixed waste for disposal. It includes requirements for the generator waste certification program, characterization, traceability, waste form, packaging, and transfer. The criteria apply to radioactive waste received at the Nevada Test Site Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites for storage or disposal.

  5. Nevada Test Site Waste Acceptance Criteria, December 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document establishes the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office waste acceptance criteria. The waste acceptance criteria provides the requirements, terms, and conditions under which the Nevada Test Site will accept low-level radioactive waste and mixed waste for disposal. It includes requirements for the generator waste certification program, characterization, traceability, waste form, packaging, and transfer. The criteria apply to radioactive waste received at the Nevada Test Site Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites for storage or disposal

  6. A multiple criteria facility layout problem using data envelopment analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Najmeh Bozorgi; Mostafa Abedzadeh

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a multi criteria decision making technique to determine an efficient solution for quadratic assignment problem. The proposed method of this paper considers transportation cost, adjacency and separation as the most important criteria to find the efficient layout. A tabu search is used to generate a set of feasible solutions and for each solution, we evaluate various criteria. The proposed model of the paper uses DEA technique to choose the most efficient units among t...

  7. Exploring Success Criteria from the Developers’ Perspective in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.H. Wai

    2012-11-01

    employing Principal Component Analysis (PCA through the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS software, the building project success criteria were reduced to five dimensions: Company Success; Profitability Success; Primary Product Success; Secondary Product Success and Branding Success. The implication of this framework is twofold: first it captures the developer’s view on success criteria and second, it forms the foundation to measure success, thereby enhancing successful delivery of a project by prioritizing limited resources on the criteria related factors.

  8. Evapotranspiration of tomato simulated with the CRITERIA model

    OpenAIRE

    Pasquale Campi; Francesca Modugno; Marcello Mastrorilli; Fausto Tomei; Giulia Villani; Vittorio Marletto

    2014-01-01

    The CRITERIA model simulates crop development and water dynamics in agricultural soils at different spatial scales. The objective of this paper was to test CRITERIA in order to evaluate the suitability of the model as a tool for scheduling irrigation at field scale. The first step of the work was to validate this hypothesis, by means of calibration and validation of CRITERIA on processing tomato in two experimental sites in Southern Italy (Rutigliano and Foggia) for the years 2007 and 2008 un...

  9. A multi-criteria decision analysis tool to support electricity

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Fernando; Ferreira, Paula Varandas; Araújo, Maria Madalena Teixeira de

    2012-01-01

    A Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) tool was designed to support the evaluation of different electricity production scenarios. The MCDA tool is implemented in Excel worksheet and uses information obtained from a mixed integer optimization model. Given the input, the MCDA allowed ranking different scenarios relying on their performance on 13 criteria covering economic, job market, quality of life of local populations, technical and environmental issues. The criteria were weighte...

  10. Criteria for maintenance and repair - LMFBR steam generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The maintenance and repair criteria will be reviewed with respect to the designs presently under construction for the SNR-300 plant. This criteria shall be based upon the philosophy that safety and reliability are of the highest importance at all operating modes, while availability shall be maximized. To maximize the safety of the steam generator, measures have been taken to reduce the possibilities of failure by simplicity in design, choice of material, methods of fabrication and high quality assurance of critical parts of the pressure boundaries. The maintenance and repair program shall meet the same criteria or the intent of these criteria as applied for the original product. (author)

  11. MERGING CRITERIA FOR GIANT IMPACTS OF PROTOPLANETS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the final stage of terrestrial planet formation, known as the giant impact stage, a few tens of Mars-sized protoplanets collide with one another to form terrestrial planets. Almost all previous studies on the orbital and accretional evolution of protoplanets in this stage have been based on the assumption of perfect accretion, where two colliding protoplanets always merge. However, recent impact simulations have shown that collisions among protoplanets are not always merging events, that is, two colliding protoplanets sometimes move apart after the collision (hit-and-run collision). As a first step toward studying the effects of such imperfect accretion of protoplanets on terrestrial planet formation, we investigated the merging criteria for collisions of rocky protoplanets. Using the smoothed particle hydrodynamic method, we performed more than 1000 simulations of giant impacts with various parameter sets, such as the mass ratio of protoplanets, γ, the total mass of two protoplanets, MT, the impact angle, θ, and the impact velocity, vimp. We investigated the critical impact velocity, vcr, at the transition between merging and hit-and-run collisions. We found that the normalized critical impact velocity, vcr/vesc, depends on γ and θ, but does not depend on MT, where vesc is the two-body escape velocity. We derived a simple formula for vcr/vesc as a function of γ and θ (Equation (16)), and applied it to the giant impact events obtained by N-body calculations in the previous studies. We found that 40% of these events should not be merging events.

  12. Cleanliness criteria to improve steam generator performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High steam generator performance is a prerequisite for high plant availability and possible life time extension. The major opponent to that is corrosion and fouling of the heating tubes. Such steam generator degradation problems arise from the continuous ingress of non-volatile contaminants, i.e. corrosion products and salt impurities may accumulate in the steam generators. These impurities have their origin in the secondary side systems. The corrosion products generally accumulate in the steam generators and form deposits not only in the flow restricted areas, such as on top of tube sheet and tube support structure, but also build scales on the steam generator heating tubes. In addition, the tube scales in general affect the steam generator thermal performance, which ultimately causes a reduction of power output. The most effective ways of counteracting all these degradation problems, and thus of improving the steam generator performance is to keep them in clean conditions or, if judged necessary, to plan cleaning measures such as mechanical tube sheet lancing or chemical cleaning. This paper presents a methodology how to assess the cleanliness condition of a steam generator by bringing together all available operational and inspection data such as thermal performance and water chemistry data. By means of this all-inclusive approach the cleanliness condition is quantified in terms of a fouling index. The fouling index allows to monitor the condition of a specific steam generator, compare it to other plants and, finally, to serve as criterion for cleaning measures such as chemical cleaning. The application of the cleanliness criteria and the achieved field results with respect to improvements of steam generator performance will be presented. (author)

  13. Overview of objectives and criteria for decisions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova Scotia Electricity Marketplace Governance Committee (EMGC) for electric power restructuring has been assigned to make recommendations regarding the implementation, development, structure, economic considerations and rules for power competition. The EMGC, a multi-stakeholder consultative body that reports to the Minister of Energy in Nova Scotia, examines issues regarding potential alternative futures for the power industry and associated decision criteria relating to the design of power markets. The main drivers for electricity restructuring include energy efficiency and risk re-allocation. This report discussed the tradeoffs among the competing objectives, such as the cost of energy alternatives and their potential impact on market competition. Nova Scotia is only linked to one other Canadian province, that of New Brunswick. However, this link will change as the market process is completed in New Brunswick. Consumers in Nova Scotia will not want to be left with high prices or other negative impacts of power restructuring. The EMGC considers pressures from both outside and inside the province in considering its recommendations for future directions in the power industry for Nova Scotia. The Nova Scotia power supply system must meet the requirements of FERC Order 888 and 889 in order for power generators in the province to access markets directly in the United States. In order for them to access any market other than New Brunswick, they must be able to wheel power through the New Brunswick transmission system to their customers who are likely to be in the United States. The EMGC also considers other drivers for restructuring, including reliability, transparency, fairness, robustness, enforceability, environmental impact, and consumer protection

  14. Emission reductions to meet deposition criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, F. B.

    The paper assumes Governments are willing and able to reduce national emissions of pollution to protect the environment. Sulphur dioxide is examined as an important example. Although not necessarily true at the present time, it further assumes: (i) that the cost of reducing these emissions from different industries (and other source types) are known, and that these costs include the secondary consequences of emission control (for example, possible resulting unemployment); (ii) that maximum deposition criteria ( mdc) have been established on some appropriate grid (above which undesirable environmental damage will occur) and that in some gridsquares these mdc are currently being exceeded; and (iii) that priorities for reducing the deposition may be ascribed for each gridsquare. The highest priority may reflect concern over excessive levels of heavy metals in drinking water drawn from wells used by remote homesteads, for example. Gridsquares where more gradual, and hopefully reversible, damage is taking place would be given a rather lower priority. The paper seeks to establish maximum levels of emission in each gridsquare which will result in depositions nowhere exceeding the mdc (on the scale of a gridsquare). It also offers a means of selecting an optimum staged reduction strategy whereby emissions are reduced gradually towards the ultimate maximum levels, and at each stage of the reduction, gives the maximum benefit for the capital outlay consistent with the priorities and costs outlined above. The paper utilizes a very simple analytical model of the deposition field resulting from a single emission. The model is tuned to give the best comparison with the 1985 sulphur deposition field obtained using the much more complex EMEP MSC-W Lagrangian model used operationally for acid-rain analyses in Europe.

  15. Advanced Neutron Source radiological design criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operation of the proposed Advanced Neutron Source (ANS) facility will present a variety of radiological protection problems. Because it is desired to design and operate the ANS according to the applicable licensing standards of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), it must be demonstrated that the ANS radiological design basis is consistent not only with state and Department of Energy (DOE) and other usual federal regulations, but also, so far as is practicable, with NRC regulations and with recommendations of such organizations as the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Also, the ANS radiological design basis is in general to be consistent with the recommendations of authoritative professional and scientific organizations, specifically the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) and the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). As regards radiological protection, the principal goals of DOE regulations and guidance are to keep occupational doses ALARA [as low as (is) reasonably achievable], given the current state of technology, costs, and operations requirements; to control and monitor contained and released radioactivity during normal operation to keep public doses and releases to the environment ALARA; and to limit doses to workers and the public during accident conditions. Meeting these general design objectives requires that principles of dose reduction and of radioactivity control by employed in the design, operation, modification, and decommissioning of the ANS. The purpose of this document is to provide basic radiological criteria for incorporating these principles into the design of the ANS. Operations, modification, and decommissioning will be covered only as they are affected by design

  16. Advanced Neutron Source radiological design criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Westbrook, J.L.

    1995-08-01

    The operation of the proposed Advanced Neutron Source (ANS) facility will present a variety of radiological protection problems. Because it is desired to design and operate the ANS according to the applicable licensing standards of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), it must be demonstrated that the ANS radiological design basis is consistent not only with state and Department of Energy (DOE) and other usual federal regulations, but also, so far as is practicable, with NRC regulations and with recommendations of such organizations as the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Also, the ANS radiological design basis is in general to be consistent with the recommendations of authoritative professional and scientific organizations, specifically the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) and the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). As regards radiological protection, the principal goals of DOE regulations and guidance are to keep occupational doses ALARA [as low as (is) reasonably achievable], given the current state of technology, costs, and operations requirements; to control and monitor contained and released radioactivity during normal operation to keep public doses and releases to the environment ALARA; and to limit doses to workers and the public during accident conditions. Meeting these general design objectives requires that principles of dose reduction and of radioactivity control by employed in the design, operation, modification, and decommissioning of the ANS. The purpose of this document is to provide basic radiological criteria for incorporating these principles into the design of the ANS. Operations, modification, and decommissioning will be covered only as they are affected by design.

  17. Analysis of the impact of safeguards criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of the US Program of Technical Assistance to IAEA Safeguards, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) was asked to assist in developing and demonstrating a model for assessing the impact of setting criteria for the application of IAEA safeguards. This report presents the results of PNL's work on the task. The report is in three parts. The first explains the technical approach and methodology. The second contains an example application of the methodology. The third presents the conclusions of the study. PNL used the model and computer programs developed as part of Task C.5 (Estimation of Inspection Efforts) of the Program of Technical Assistance. The example application of the methodology involves low-enriched uranium conversion and fuel fabrication facilities. The effects of variations in seven parameters are considered: false alarm probability, goal probability of detection, detection goal quantity, the plant operator's measurement capability, the inspector's variables measurement capability, the inspector's attributes measurement capability, and annual plant throughput. Among the key results and conclusions of the analysis are the following: the variables with the greatest impact on the probability of detection are the inspector's measurement capability, the goal quantity, and the throughput; the variables with the greatest impact on inspection costs are the throughput, the goal quantity, and the goal probability of detection; there are important interactions between variables. That is, the effects of a given variable often depends on the level or value of some other variable. With the methodology used in this study, these interactions can be quantitatively analyzed; reasonably good approximate prediction equations can be developed using the methodology described here

  18. CONDITIONS AND MAIN CRITERIA OF ENSURING FOOD SECURITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalayan G. G.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In the article we consider the main conditions and criteria of ensuring food security, the possible options of an equal condition of the food market are shown, criteria of determination of priority of a choice of production for self-sufficiency of regions with food are offered

  19. 40 CFR 132.3 - Adoption of criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Adoption of criteria. 132.3 Section 132.3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY GUIDANCE FOR THE GREAT LAKES SYSTEM § 132.3 Adoption of criteria. The Great Lakes States...

  20. Academic Staff Disposition to Promotion Criteria in Nigerian Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archibong, Ijeoma A.; Effiom, David O.; Omoike, Don; Edet, Aniefiok O.

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed at determining academic staff satisfaction with promotion criteria and what, in their view, should be included in the promotion criteria. A researcher-designed questionnaire was utilized for data collection from a sample size of 349 academic staff. Findings show that the majority of the academic staff were dissatisfied with the…