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Sample records for boilermaker construction workers

  1. Spirometric abnormalities associated with chronic bronchitis, asthma, and airway hyperresponsiveness among boilermaker construction workers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hauser, R.; Eisen, E,A,; Pothier, L,; Lewis, D,; Bledsoe, T,; Christiani, D.C. [Harvard University, Boston, MA (United States). School of Public Health

    2002-06-01

    In a 2-year longitudinal study of boilermaker construction workers, authors found a significant association between working at oil-fired, coal-fired, and gas-fired industries during the past year and reduced lung function. In the present study, authors investigated whether chronic bronchitis, asthma, or baseline methacholine airway responsiveness can explain the heterogeneity in lung function response to boilermaker work. Exposure was assessed with a work history questionnaire. Spirometry was performed annually to assess lung function. A generalized estimating equation approach was used to account for the repeated-measures design. One hundred eighteen boilermakers participated in the study. Self-reported history of chronic bronchitis and asthma were associated with a larger FEV1 reduction in response to workplace exposure at coal-fired and gas-fired industries. Although a high prevalence (39%) of airway hyperresponsiveness (provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in FEVI of {lt} 8 mg/mL) among boilermakers was found, there was no consistent pattern of effect modification by airway responsiveness. Conclusions: Although chronic bronchitis and asthma were associated with a greater loss in lung function in response to hours worked as a boilermaker, and therefore they acted as effect modifiers of the exposure-lung function relationship, airway hyperresponsiveness did not. However, the high prevalence of airway hyperresponsiveness found in the cohort may be a primary consequence of long-term workplace exposure among boilermakers.

  2. A prospective study of lung function among boilermaker construction workers exposed to combustion particulates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hauser, R.; Eisen, E.A.; Pothier, L.; Christiani, D.C. [Harvard University, Boston, MA (USA). School of Public Health, Occupational Health Program, Dept. of Environmental Health

    2001-05-01

    As part of an ongoing investigation, a 2-year longitudinal study of lung function among 118 boilermakers was conducted. Exposure was assessed with a work history questionnaire. Spirometry measurements were performed annually. Results show an association between annual FEV1 and hours worked at a gas-fired plant during the previous year, beta = -9.8 mls/100 hours worked (85% CI:-16.0,-3.5) after adjustment for age, baseline FEV1 and cigarette smoking status. The adjusted association between FEV1 and 'ever' worked at a gas-fired plant was -99.7 mls (95% CI: -154.8, -44.5). There was also evidence of a negative association between FEV1 and 'ever' worked and hours worked at oil and coal-fired plants. These data suggest an association between annual lung function loss and working at gas, coal and oil-fired plants. Further follow-up of this cohort of boilermakers is in progress.

  3. Motivating Workers in Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason E. Barg

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The study of the motivation of construction workers is limited to a relatively small body of knowledge. Although there is considerable research available regarding motivation and productivity, few researchers have provided a comprehensive analysis on the motivation of construction workers. The research stated that productivity in construction has not improved compared to other industry sectors such as manufacturing. This trend has been echoed in publications throughout the past five decades, and suggested that motivation is one of the key factors impacting productivity. This paper offers a comprehensive review of the published work that directly links the key words—construction and motivation. The findings have been presented in five themes, that is, motivation models, environment and culture, incentives and empowerment, and worker management. This paper concludes with two methods suggested by previous researchers to improve motivation of construction workers: (1 relevant worker incentives (intrinsic or extrinsic and (2 improved management practices, specifically regarding communication with workers.

  4. Foreign construction workers in Singapore.

    OpenAIRE

    Ofori G

    1997-01-01

    Provides an overview of the construction industry in Singapore. Studies the structure of the construction workforce, the terms of employment, policies towards worker, the effects of employment of foreign workers on local industry, the reducing reliance on foreign construction workers, and the future trends in Singapore's requirements for construction workers.

  5. CONTACT DERMATITIS AMONG CONSTRUCTION WORKERS

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    Ida Ayu Diah Purnama Sari

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Contact dermatitis is a form of skin inflammation with spongiosis or intercellular edema of the epidermis due to the interaction of irritants and allergens. While occupational contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin due to exposure to irritants or allergens in the workplace. One of the jobs that have a high risk of the disease are construction workers. Although the disease is rarely-threatening but can cause high morbidity and suffering for workers, so it can affect the economy and quality of life of patients.

  6. Construction Workers Perceptions Toward Safety Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Andi Andi

    2008-01-01

    Efforts to reduce construction accidents can be initiated by building good safety culture. Researches concerning safety culture, however, are still limited. This research aims to empirically gauge workerâs perception toward safety culture in construction projects. Data were obtained through questionnaire survey to three large construction projects in Surabaya. Two hundreds and seven sets of questionnaires were gathered and used for subsequent analyses. Results show that in general workersâ pe...

  7. Risk compensation behaviours in construction workers' activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Yingbin; Wu, Peng

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to test whether the construction workers have the tendency of engaging in risk compensation behaviours, and identify the demographic variables, which may influence the extent to which the construction workers may show risk compensation behaviours. Both quantitative (survey) and qualitative (interviews) approaches were used in this study. A questionnaire survey was conducted with all the construction workers on three building construction sites of a leading construction company in Australia. Semi-structured interviews were then conducted to validate the findings of the quantitative research. The findings indicate that workers tend to show risk compensation behaviours in the construction environment. The workers with more working experience, higher education, or having never been injured at work before have a higher tendency to show risk compensation in their activities than the others. The implication is that contractors need to assess the potential influence of workers' risk compensation behaviours when evaluating the effect of risk control measures. It is recommended that supervisors pay more attention to the behavioural changes of those workers who have more experience, higher education, and have never been injured before after the implementation of new safety control measures on construction site. PMID:24134314

  8. Current chemical exposures among Ontario construction workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Dave K; Kurtz, Lawrence A; Sahai, Dru; Finkelstein, Murray M

    2003-12-01

    Current occupational exposures to chemical agents were assessed as part of an epidemiological study pertaining to the cancer and mortality patterns of Ontario construction workers. The task-based exposure assessment involved members from nine construction trade unions. Air samples were taken using personal sampling pumps and collection media. A DustTrak direct-reading particulate monitor was also employed. Exposure assessments included measurements of airborne respirable, inhalable, total, and silica dust; solvents; metals; asbestos; diesel exhaust and man-made mineral fibers (MMMF). In total, 396 single- or multi-component (filter/tube), 798 direct-reading, and 71 bulk samples were collected. The results showed that Ontario construction workers are exposed to potentially hazardous levels of chemical agents. The findings are similar to those reported by other researchers, except for silica exposure. In our study, silica exposure is much lower than reported elsewhere. The difficulty associated with assessing construction workers' exposures is highlighted. PMID:14612300

  9. Psychosocial stress of the building construction workers

    OpenAIRE

    Tiwary, G; Gangopadhyay, P. K.; Biswas, S.; Nayak, K.; Chakraborty, D.; L.C. Halder

    2013-01-01

    Construction industry plays a vital role in development of infrastructure of a country. About 50% of the subjects of unorganised sector belonged to construction industry in our country. The questionnaire based cross sectional prospective study was undertaken to know the socio-economic status and the psychosocial stress & strain faced by the workers due to occupational exposure. The average age of the workers was 30.6±10.9 years. Majority of them (79.2%) were literates and earned below Rs 500...

  10. Psychosocial stress of the building construction workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Tiwary

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Construction industry plays a vital role in development of infrastructure of a country. About 50% of the subjects of unorganised sector belonged to construction industry in our country. The questionnaire based cross sectional prospective study was undertaken to know the socio-economic status and the psychosocial stress & strain faced by the workers due to occupational exposure. The average age of the workers was 30.6±10.9 years. Majority of them (79.2% were literates and earned below Rs 5000/-. About 59% were smokers and 37% consumed alcohol. The mean duration of present occupational exposure was 8.6±8.0 years. The workers were victim of different health impairment like occupational health hazards, psychosocial stress & strain etc. The psychosocial stress & strain were due to long working hours (73.3%, lower wages (60.4%, job uncertainty (56.9%, poor communication among workers with supervisors (22.7%. Exploitation by labour contractor, gender discrimination, sexual harassment was observed. Low job satisfaction (42.4%, injuries & accidents (47% were also reported. About 94.6% of the workers were not aware of the different social security schemes. This occupationally exposed group of workers were victims of different psychosocial stresses & strains and other health impairments.

  11. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF WOMEN CONSTRUCTION WORKERS

    OpenAIRE

    Jyoti Kalyanrao; Sindhe Jaganath R

    2015-01-01

    Construction is dynamic industry which is attracted by many unskilled workers including women. In case of construction works, the contractors are exploiting and discriminating women workers. Hence, socio-economic conditions of the women construction workers are analyzed by collecting primary data through interview schedules from total 200 women construction workers in Kalaburagi city. As there is lower income and exploitation of these workers, it is suggested to form Self-Help Groups and g...

  12. [Occupational dermatitis in construction and public workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frimat, Paul

    2002-09-01

    Construction workers perform a large variety of duties concerned with building, repairing, and wrecking buildings, bridges, dams, roads, railways and so on. The work may include mixing, pouring and spreading concrete, asphalt, gravel and other materials. Despite the increasing mechanization of construction and the more frequent use of precast concrete sections, contact with wet cement still occurs, particularly in small jobs. The work is hard physical labor, often under difficult conditions, including hot, cold, and wet weather. Occupational diseases of the skin in the construction have paralleled industrial development.

  13. Heat Stress Level among Construction Workers.

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    Aliasghar Farshad

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the level of heat stress to construction workers using Thermal Work Limit (TWL and Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT indices and by measuring Urine Specific Gravity (USG among construction workers in Iran and comparing the appropriateness of these indices for measuring heat stress in Iran climate.This comparative and experimental study was conducted during September 2012 in Baghe Ketabe Tehran, one of the large size construction sites in Tehran City, Iran. Sixty participants were randomly selected in two groups (exposed to sun and non-exposed among the construction workers in a construction campus with similar work type, climate and diet. TWL and WBGT and USG were measured in two consequent days and at the beginning, mid and end of the work shift, for both groups.The mean WBGT index was 22.6 ± 0.9 °C for control group and 27.5 ± 1.2 °C for exposure group, the mean TWL index measure was 215.8 ± 5.2 W/m(2 for control group and 144 ± 9.8 W/m(2 for exposure group and the mean USG was 1.0213 ± 0.0054 in control group and 1.026 ± 0.005 in exposure group. There was a significant difference in TWL, WBGT and USG between exposed and non-exposed group (P<0.01.workers were at an allowed level of heat stress. TWL, WBGT and USG measures were significantly correlated; however as TWL level enabled classification based on required intervention, it had some merit over WBGT index.

  14. PLIGHT OF FEMALE CONSTRUCTION WORKERS OF SURAT CITY

    OpenAIRE

    B L Chawada; V V Gharat; R K Bansal; S L Kantharia

    2012-01-01

    Background: With the rapid increase in construction sector, the number of female construction workers is increased. The problems of women worker is still not addressed adequately by health sector. Aims and objective: The present study is aimed to explore problems of female workers at construction sites in working environment and to document issues like gender bias, living conditions, vulnerability and slackness of health among female working in construction field. Methodology: This was a Cros...

  15. Childcare Practices among Construction Workers in Chira Chas, Jharkhand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhar, Rajib

    2012-01-01

    This study aims at examining the childcare practices and issues experienced by the low-income construction workers in India. It is concerned with understanding varied aspects relating to problems that construction workers, as parents, face while bringing up their children in one of the small construction companies of eastern India, in the state of…

  16. Modeling the predictors of safety behavior in construction workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Dong-Phil; Gwak, Han-Seong; Lee, Dong-Eun

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a model that quantifies the causal relations among safety variables (latent variables) and workers' safety behavior (indicator) using statistical data and hypotheses obtained from construction workers and existing literatures, respectively. The safety variables that affect workers' safety behaviors are identified from existing studies and operationalized to measure their causal relations with the workers' behaviors. The model identifies the directions and degrees of the effect of every latent variable on the other latent variables and the indicator. Survey questionnaires were administered to construction workers in South Korea. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, Cronbach's α and structural equation modeling were performed to test the causal hypotheses using SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0. This study provides the theoretical model that predicts construction workers' safety behavior on construction sites using path diagram and analysis.

  17. Interventions to prevent injuries in construction workers (Review)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Molen, H.F.; Lethola, M.M.; Lappalainen, J.; Hoonakker, P.L.T.; Hsiao, H.; Haslam, R.; Hale, A.R.; Verbeek, J.H.

    2012-01-01

    Background Construction workers are frequently exposed to various types of injury-inducing hazards. A number of injury prevention interventions have been proposed, yet their effectiveness is uncertain. Objectives To assess the effects of interventions to prevent injuries in construction workers. Sea

  18. Ergonomic lumbar risk analysis of construction workers by NIOSH method

    OpenAIRE

    Cinara Caetano Pereira; Déborah Figueiró Debiase; Joni Márcio de Farias; Kristian Madeira; Willians Cassiano Longen

    2015-01-01

    Work in construction has tasks directly connected with manual transport. One of the body segments suffering greater demand in works with these characteristics is the lumbar spine segment. The aim of this study was to analyze the level of risk of lumbar construction workers in the shipment of materials. The sample was composed of 74 construction workers. Were used as a research tool: the NIOSH method for lumbar risk verification expressed by weight limit recommended (WPR) and the lifting Index...

  19. PERCEPTION OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION WORKERS TOWARDS SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT

    OpenAIRE

    C.R. CHE HASSAN; O.J. BASHA; W.H. WAN HANAFI

    2007-01-01

    The construction industry is known as one of the most hazardous activities. Therefore, safety on the job site is an important aspect with respect to the overall safety in construction. This paper assesses the safety level perception of the construction building workers towards safety, health and environment on a construction job site in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The above study was carried out by choosing 5 selected large building construction projects and 5 small building construction projects...

  20. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis among construction workers in India

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    Sarma Nilendu

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Allergic contact dermatitis is one of the important occupational hazards in construction workers and it often leads to poor quality of life of the workers with substantial financial loss. However, this is often a neglected entity. There are no past studies on the construction workers in Indian subcontinent. Objective: This pilot study has been done to assess the allergological profile among the workers engaged in construction of roads and bridges. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among the workers working on construction of a bridge, flyover, and roads in West Bengal, India. Sixteen workers were selected on clinical suspicion. Ten were selected randomly and patch tested with Indian standard battery of patch test allergens. Analysis of reactions and relevance of positive test was assessed as per standard guidelines. Results: All the workers were men. Average age of workers was 24.8 years (range, 19-34 years. Dermatitis affected exposed parts in 93.75% and covered areas in 62.5%. Total positive test was 24 and relevant 11. Most common allergens were chromate (relevant allergy/RA: in 60% of patch tested workers, epoxy resin (RA: 30%, cobalt (RA: 20%, nickel (RA: 20%, thiuram mixture (RA: 10% and black rubber mix (RA: 10%. Two cases (20% had irritant contact dermatitis. Conclusion: The result indicated that chromate is the most frequent allergen among construction workers in this part of India. High frequency of involvement of the covered areas as well as the exposed areas highlighted the fact that the allergens had access to most body parts of the workers.

  1. Employing Foreign Workers In Sweden Construction Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Aulin, Radhlinah; Hansson, Bengt

    2008-01-01

    The enlargement of the European Union provides opportunities for members to be mobile in seeking various forms of permanent and non-permanent employment, particularly temporary work and contract labour. These changing conditions require quick reactions, overcoming soft issues such as language barriers and coping with culture clashes and political issues that could create problems for the worker. While the influx of foreign workers may bring much needed skills and meet the labour demands of th...

  2. Personal exposure to inhalable cement dust among construction workers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, S.M.; Thomassen, Y.; Fechter-Rink, E.; Kromhout, H.

    2009-01-01

    Objective- A case study was carried out to assess cement dust exposure and its determinants among construction workers and for comparison among workers in cement and concrete production.Methods- Full-shift personal exposure measurements were performed and samples were analysed for inhalable dust and

  3. Perceived heat stress and health effects on construction workers

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    Priya Dutta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Increasing heat waves-particularly in urban areas where construction is most prevalent, highlight a need for heat exposure assessment of construction workers. This study aims to characterize the effects of heat on construction workers from a site in Gandhinagar. Materials and Methods: This study involved a mixed methods approach consisting of a cross sectional survey with anthropometric measurements (n = 219 and four focus groups with construction workers, as well as environmental measurements of heat stress exposure at a construction site. Survey data was collected in two seasons i.e., summer and winter months, and heat illness and symptoms were compared between the two time periods. Thematic coding of focus group data was used to identify vulnerability factors and coping mechanisms of the workers. Heat stress, recorded using a wet bulb globe temperature monitor, was compared to international safety standards. Results: The survey findings suggest that heat-related symptoms increased in summer; 59% of all reports in summer were positive for symptoms (from Mild to Severe as compared to 41% in winter. Focus groups revealed four dominant themes: (1 Non-occupational stressors compound work stressors; (2 workers were particularly attuned to the impact of heat on their health; (3 workers were aware of heat-related preventive measures; and (4 few resources were currently available to protect workers from heat stress. Working conditions often exceed international heat stress safety thresholds. Female workers and new employees might be at increased risk of illness or injury. Conclusion: This study suggests significant health impacts on construction workers from heat stress exposure in the workplace, showed that heat stress levels were higher than those prescribed by international standards and highlights the need for revision of work practices, increased protective measures, and possible development of indigenous work safety standards for

  4. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Pain in Construction Workers in Saudi Arabia

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    Ahmad Alghadir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence, characteristics, and distribution of musculoskeletal pain among construction workers in Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire about musculoskeletal pain in different parts of the body was completed by 165 construction workers from the construction industries in Dammam and Riyadh cities. The descriptive data were analyzed using chi-square test. The level of statistical significance was set at P<0.05. Eighty (48.5% of the responding workers had pain in neck, shoulders, lower back, hand, knee, or ankle. The majority of respondents had low back pain (50% followed by knee pain (20%. The average intensity of pain at all sites during activity and rest was 6.65 and 3.59, respectively. Thirty-four (42.5% respondents had dull aching pain and 24 (30% had cramping pain. There was an association between years of experience, duration of break during work, and use of protective equipment with the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in construction workers (P<0.05. Most of the workers complaining of pain got medical treatment (62.5% and only 25% received physical therapy. It can be concluded from this study that the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among construction workers in Saudi Arabia is high.

  5. The survey of cement dermatitis among construction industry workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faride Sadeghian

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cement has long been known as a cause of both irritant and allergic contact dermatitis. However, there are little data relating to occupational skin diseases (OSD in the Iranian construction industry. The aim of this study is to evaluate the epidemiology of cement dermatitis among terrazzo and cement manufactory workers. Methods: This is cross-sectional descriptive study. In this study 50 cement manufact-ory workers in Shahroud and 150 terrazzo workers in Lordegan were interviewed through questionnaire. Questionnaire includes demographic characteristics and questions about present dermatitis, background eczema, daily work hours, exposed chemical agents, using of gloves. Patients examined and patch tested by dermatologist. Data analyzed with SPSS software and c2, Mann Whitney and logistic regression statistical test. Results: The findings of the study showed that 8 workers (16% in cement factories and 52 workers (34.7% in Lordegan terrazzo enterprises had reported dermatitis at the time of review. Of which 15.5% in terrazzo workers had allergic contact dermatitis. In this study the prevalence of cement dermatitis increased with increasing age and there was significantly differences between dermatitis and background of dermatitis in terrazzo workers (P<0.05. Conclusion: Cement should be treated as hazardous materials, wearing of suitable gloves, early diagnosis and treatment of contact dermatitis and health education to workers is suggested.

  6. Pattern of skin diseases among migrant construction workers in Mangalore

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    Kuruvila Maria

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: With increasing industrialization, the construction industry provides employment to a large number of skilled and nonskilled workers, many of them migrant workers. Aim: This study was undertaken to provide epidemiological data regarding various dermatoses among migrant construction workers in India as currently there is a paucity of the same. Methods: One thousand construction workers, including 467 migrant laborers, were examined for various dermatoses. Results: Most (88% workers were males and 51.17% were in their third decade. Infective and noninfective dermatoses were seen in 89.72% and 53.74% of laborers respectively. Among infective dermatoses, fungal infections were the most common (46.25% ones, followed by bacterial infections (24.83%, scabies (8.56% and viral infections (6.42%. Contact dermatitis to cement was seen in 12.48% of the laborers. Masons had a significantly higher incidence of contact dermatitis to cement, viral infections and scabies than helpers. Conclusions: The pattern of dermatoses is an expression of poverty, overcrowding and the occupational hazards of the construction industry.

  7. Speak up now, Detroit Edison tells nuclear project construction workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Detroit Edison Company is urging construction workers at the Fermi 2 project to voice their concerns in a program called ''Safeteam'' that is designed to avoid last-minute allegations at licensing hearings. During the program's first year, 20% of the workers reported a total of 1300 concerns during confidential interviews. With 80% of these concerns based on rumor and taking nearly 20 hours to check out, the company still feels the program is worth it. Some concerns were valid, and led to corrective measures, mostly involving nuclear safety. The company tested several approaches to encouraging workers to express their concerns before developing the Safeteam project. Information from the interviews, except for workers' names, is passed on to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission inspectors at the site

  8. Olympic outreach: testing for sexually transmitted infections in construction workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanmugaratnam, S; Horne, P; Coyne, K M

    2012-09-01

    Concerns have been voiced in the national press that the surge in migrant construction workers leading up to the 2012 Olympics Games would increase the levels of sexual ill health in East London. Between 2009 and 2011, we sent a sexual health outreach team to the Olympic Park and Village. A total of 614 clients were tested, of whom 91% were men and 46% reported English/Scottish/Welsh ethnicity. The age range was 17-73 years and median age 30 years. Reported sexual risk factors were low, including use of commercial sex workers. Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections was low, with Chlamydia trachomatis found in 20 clients (3%), and hepatitis B diagnosed in one client. This study, although small, did not support the image of construction workers presenting a higher than average sexual health risk.

  9. Evaluating a Telenovela: The Safety of Latino Construction Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Castaneda, Diego Emiliano

    2011-01-01

    Latino-Hispanic construction workers in the United States are at significantly higher risks for injuries and fatalities at construction worksites than their White and African-American counterparts. Currently the main mode of dissemination of workplace safety information is through direct translation of work safety material delivered at the worksite. Current research, however, suggests that even when translated into Spanish, many of these materials are not culturally or linguistically effectiv...

  10. PERCEPTION OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION WORKERS TOWARDS SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.R. CHE HASSAN

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry is known as one of the most hazardous activities. Therefore, safety on the job site is an important aspect with respect to the overall safety in construction. This paper assesses the safety level perception of the construction building workers towards safety, health and environment on a construction job site in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The above study was carried out by choosing 5 selected large building construction projects and 5 small building construction projects respectively in and around Kuala Lumpur area. In the present study, an exhaustive survey was carried out in these 10 project site areas using a standard checklist and a detailed developed questionnaire. The checklist comprised 17 divisions of safety measurements which are considered and perceived to be important from the safety point of view and was assessed based on the score obtained. The questionnaire comprised the general information with 36 safety attitude statements on a 1-5 Likert scale which was distributed to 100 construction workers. The results of the checklist show the difference of safety levels between the large and small projects. The study revealed that the large projects shown a high and consistent level in safety while the small projects shown a low and varied safety levels. The relationship between the factors can be obtained from the questionnaire. They are organizational commitment, factor influencing communication among workmates, worker related factors, personal role and supervisors’ role factors, obstacles to safety and safe behavior factors and management commitment at all levels in line with the management structure and risk taking behavioral factors. The findings of the present study revealed invaluable indications to the construction managers especially in improving the construction workers’ attitude towards safety, health and environment and hence good safety culture in the building construction industries.

  11. PLIGHT OF FEMALE CONSTRUCTION WORKERS OF SURAT CITY

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    B L Chawada

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: With the rapid increase in construction sector, the number of female construction workers is increased. The problems of women worker is still not addressed adequately by health sector. Aims and objective: The present study is aimed to explore problems of female workers at construction sites in working environment and to document issues like gender bias, living conditions, vulnerability and slackness of health among female working in construction field. Methodology: This was a Cross sectional study conducted in May 2011in which all females working at the randomly selected construction site were enrolled. The pre-designed semi-structured questionnaire was prepared to study the participant’s response. In-depth interview technique was also used to strengthen the findings. Results: Total of 118 female construction workers participated in the study with mean age found to be 22 years with SD of 6 years. Mean daily wages of female was 120 Rs while for male it was 245 Rs which is double than what female getting. Major health complaints were fatigue/weakness (61 %, backache (30 %, cough (17.5 %, fever (17 %, skin itching (10.5 % and diarrhoea (7 %. They were not even using the government medical facility due to lack of awareness and knowledge about this. No safety measures provided to female as compare to male except at 2 sites where female were provided ‘gloves’. Some (6% of the working females has abuse of chewing tobacco daily or smoking ‘bidi’. The living condition was merely enough to provide any privacy for female. Conclusion: As migratory and floating population, female working in construction field needs attention. Lack of social security and family support make them a vulnerable group for addiction and violence. Alternate way for providing healthcare for these women should be sort out early.

  12. The association between global DNA methylation and telomere length in a longitudinal study of boilermakers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Jason Y Y; De Vivo, Immaculata; Lin, Xihong; Grashow, Rachel; Cavallari, Jennifer; Christiani, David C

    2014-04-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine if global DNA methylation, as reflected in LINE-1 and Alu elements, is associated with telomere length and whether it modifies the rate of telomeric change. A repeated-measures longitudinal study was performed with a panel of 87 boilermaker subjects. The follow-up period was 29 months. LINE-1 and Alu methylation was determined using pyrosequencing. Leukocyte relative telomere length was assessed via real-time qPCR. Linear-mixed models were used to estimate the association between DNA methylation and telomere length. A structural equation model (SEM) was used to explore the hypothesized relationship between DNA methylation, proxies of particulate matter exposure, and telomere length at baseline. There appeared to be a positive association between both LINE-1 and Alu methylation levels, and telomere length. For every incremental increase in LINE-1 methylation, there was a statistically significant 1.0 × 10(-1) (95% CI: 4.6 × 10(-2), 1.5 × 10(-1), P telomere length, controlling for age at baseline, current and past smoking status, work history, BMI (log kg/m(2) ) and leukocyte differentials. Furthermore, for every incremental increase in Alu methylation, there was a statistically significant 6.2 × 10(-2) (95% CI: 1.0 × 10(-2), 1.1 × 10(-1), P = 0.02) unit increase in relative telomere length. The interaction between LINE-1 methylation and follow-up time was statistically significant with an estimate -9.8 × 10(-3) (95% CI: -1.8 × 10(-2), -1.9 × 10(-3), P = 0.02); suggesting that the rate of telomeric change was modified by the degree of LINE-1 methylation. No statistically significant association was found between the cumulative PM exposure construct, with global DNA methylation and telomere length at baseline.

  13. Contingency planning and emergency response in construction activities: Training the construction worker

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Construction activities have the potential for environmental and/or health impacts at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) particularly as site cleanup and restoration plans are initiated. ORNL has instituted special training for all construction workers and related contractors. Individuals learn how construction activities at ORNL can potentially have adverse effects on the environment and their health, and to learn how to respond to potential chemical and radiation hazards. Workers are given a review of basic information on radiation and chemicals in a framework that emphasizes the situations in which workers or the environment may be exposed to potential risk. Specific instructions are presented on what to do when contamination is suspected, with identification of emergency procedures and response personnel. 5 refs., 1 fig

  14. Ergonomic lumbar risk analysis of construction workers by NIOSH method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cinara Caetano Pereira

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Work in construction has tasks directly connected with manual transport. One of the body segments suffering greater demand in works with these characteristics is the lumbar spine segment. The aim of this study was to analyze the level of risk of lumbar construction workers in the shipment of materials. The sample was composed of 74 construction workers. Were used as a research tool: the NIOSH method for lumbar risk verification expressed by weight limit recommended (WPR and the lifting Index (IL, Visual analogue scale (VAS for the evaluation of pain intensity, the e-1 Corlett.0 for the mapping of the pain and Borg to the subjective perception of the intensity of physical exertion. The present study identified the weight limit (WP of 8.707 for management activity of bags of cement for the load of 8.194 wheelbarrows used. These findings are 6 times under actual weights handled during the activities that revolve around 50 kg with the sacks and averaged 49.72 kg stands with mass. The dimensional settings found in the search are at high risk for ergonomic lumbar region, and measures of reconfiguration of workplaces and operation of auxiliary devices for lifting, transporting and unloading are fundamental, in addition to the need for reflection about the current logistical problems that induce producers to supply the cement sacks with 50 kg.

  15. Distribution of malarial parasites: effect of gender of construction workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venugopalan, P P; Shenoy, D U; Kamath, A; Rajeev, A

    1997-03-01

    The city of Mangalore in South India was having increasing number of malaria cases from 1990. Concerned over the import of cases through migrant construction workers, a screening was done among them using clinical and parasitological methods. This demonstrated 6.28% slide positivity rate with statistically insignificant difference in prevalence of infection between males and females. There were many asymptomatic individuals reporting positive only on peripheral smear examination. Yet, clinical symptoms like fever were found to have good predictive value on logistic regression. It was more so with the P. falciparum which is a relatively new entrant to Mangalore.

  16. Temporary foreign workers in British Columbia's construction industry: friends or rivals

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Ahna

    2009-01-01

    This study assesses the extent to which opposition to temporary foreign workers exists in British Columbia’s construction industry and uses the findings to suggest policies designed to address the concerns of resident workers. Using a survey of resident workers, the study examines the economic rationale behind their opposition to the employment of temporary foreign workers and determines whether skill levels affect the degree of opposition. The survey finds that resident workers are most conc...

  17. An Epidemiological Study of Accidents among Construction Workers in Kerman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Khaje

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Accidents are known among the leading causes of deaths and disabilities in developing and industrialized countries. Among the various occupations and activities, construction industry is among the most hazardous industries in the world, the risk of which and its following harms are still somehow unknown. This study aimed at investigating the epidemiology of accidents in construction, for the first time in Kerman. Methods: In this descriptive, analytical study, all construction workers (n=153 who had been hurt at work during 2006-2008 were investigated. The data were collected through questionnaire and were analyzed by chi-square and regression logistic test, SPSS statistical software. Results: The mean age of the injured workers was 32 years (the lowest age was 16 and the highest was 70 years and the highest rate of accidents occurred among the 16-36 years-old age group. Generally, 16.3 % (n=25 of the accidents led to death and 77.8% of the accidents occurred to people with junior high school and lower levels of education. There were significant relationships between the three variables of year, season and the shift in which the accident occurred and the result (death or survival of the accident. However, no significant relationships were observed between the insurance status of the injured and the results of the accidents. Conclusion: In Iran, there are strong relationships between reasons and results of accidents, so this study recommends more studies with the aim of changing the current trend to prevent the accidents in future.

  18. THE FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MSDs AMONG CONSTRUCTION WORKERS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neeraja, Telaprolu; Lal, Bhanwar I A S; Swarochish, Chekuri

    2014-06-01

    Evidence regarding possible risk factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can guide the selection of possible intervention measures and the work towards developing appropriate ergonomic and safety measures. The intention of the study was to explore the factors associated with developing MSDs among construction workers. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to measure the severity, duration, frequency and prevalence of symptoms of MSDs in nine anatomical body regions. Physical fitness was assessed based on the workers' answers regarding the perception of their own physical fitness. Psychosocial work demands were measured in terms of job control, psychological demands, social support and job dissatisfaction. Multiple logistic regression was used to identify the factors related to upper back, neck and upper limb MSDs. Results from multiple logistic regression showed that distal upper limb MSDs were related to manual handling, work repetitiveness, psychosocial demands, job dissatisfaction and gender. Neck, shoulder or upper back MSDs were related to manual handling, work repetitiveness, psychosocial demands, job dissatisfaction and physical unfitness. The findings suggest that reducing neck, shoulder upper back and distal upper limb MSDs in the workplace requires appropriate measures aimed at making the physical environment more suitable with regard to equipment, machinery, tools and furniture, in order to reduce repetitiveness, the use of force and manual handling.

  19. THE FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MSDs AMONG CONSTRUCTION WORKERS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neeraja, Telaprolu; Lal, Bhanwar I A S; Swarochish, Chekuri

    2014-06-01

    Evidence regarding possible risk factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can guide the selection of possible intervention measures and the work towards developing appropriate ergonomic and safety measures. The intention of the study was to explore the factors associated with developing MSDs among construction workers. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to measure the severity, duration, frequency and prevalence of symptoms of MSDs in nine anatomical body regions. Physical fitness was assessed based on the workers' answers regarding the perception of their own physical fitness. Psychosocial work demands were measured in terms of job control, psychological demands, social support and job dissatisfaction. Multiple logistic regression was used to identify the factors related to upper back, neck and upper limb MSDs. Results from multiple logistic regression showed that distal upper limb MSDs were related to manual handling, work repetitiveness, psychosocial demands, job dissatisfaction and gender. Neck, shoulder or upper back MSDs were related to manual handling, work repetitiveness, psychosocial demands, job dissatisfaction and physical unfitness. The findings suggest that reducing neck, shoulder upper back and distal upper limb MSDs in the workplace requires appropriate measures aimed at making the physical environment more suitable with regard to equipment, machinery, tools and furniture, in order to reduce repetitiveness, the use of force and manual handling. PMID:26182667

  20. Dermatological and respiratory problems in migrant construction workers of Udupi, Karnataka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayuri Banerjee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: India being a developing country has tremendous demand of physical infrastructure and construction work as a result there is a raising demand of construction workers. Workers in construction industry are mainly migratory and employed on contract or subcontract basis. These workers face temporary relationship between employer and employee, uncertainty in working hours, contracting and subcontracting system, lack of basic continuous employment, lack basic amenities, and inadequacy in welfare schemes. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of respiratory and dermatological symptoms among migratory construction workers. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Manipal, Karnataka, among 340 male migratory construction workers. A standard modified questionnaire was used as a tool by the interviewer and the physical examination of the workers was done by a physician. The statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 15.0. Result: Eighty percent of the workers belong to the age group of 18–30 years. The mean age of the workers was 26 ± 8.2 years. Most (43.8% of the workers are from West Bengal followed by those from Bihar and Jharkhand. The rates of prevalence of respiratory and dermatological symptoms were 33.2% and 36.2%, respectively. Conclusion: The migrant construction workers suffer from a high proportion of respiratory and dermatological problems.

  1. Risk assessment of silicosis and lung cancer among construction workers exposed to respirable quartz

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjoe Nij, E.; Heederik, D.

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of the silicosis and cancer risk among construction workers. Methods: In 1998, 1335 of 4173 invited construction workers with expected high cumulative exposure to quartz were studied for early signs of silicosis. In 2002 the study was rep

  2. Epidemiology of Work-Related Injuries Among Construction Workers of Ilam (Western Iran) During 2006 - 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Moradinazar, Mehdi; Kurd, Nematullah; Farhadi, Rozita; Amee, Vahid; Najafi, Farid

    2013-01-01

    Background Work-related injuries are the most important cause of work absence, disability, retirement, mutilation, and even mortality. In Iran a great number of work-related injuries are occurred in construction industry. However, less than 12% of total workers are active in the construction sector. Objectives This study aimed to determine the incidence rate of work-related injuries, the type of injuries, and its other determinants among the construction workers of Ilam (Iran). Patients and M...

  3. Work-Related Musculoskeletal Symptoms among Building Construction Workers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    OpenAIRE

    Ayoub Meo, Sultan; Alsaaran, Zaid Fahad; Alshehri, Moayad Khalid; Azam Khashougji, Mohammed; Almeterk, Abdul Aziz Zayed; Almutairi, Saif Fraj; Alsaeed, Saad Fahad

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate the work-related musculoskeletal symptoms among building construction workers. Methods: Total 389 apparently healthy, male volunteers were selected with mean age 34.56±8.33 years and a mean working duration in building construction as 5.76±2.68 years. Musculoskeletal complaints were recorded through a detailed clinical interview and comprehensive questionnaire. Results: Substantial number of building construction workers developed musculoskeletal symptoms including ...

  4. Occupational and leisure-time physical activity and workload among construction workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gram, Bibi; Westgate, Kate; Karstad, Kristina;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is a lack of quantification of occupational physical activity (OPA) and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) among construction workers. OBJECTIVES: To describe physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE), physical workload, and the effect of a PA-intervention among construction...... workers. METHODS: Sixty-seven Construction workers self-reported their physical activity (PA), had PA assessed directly (PAEE), and observed OPA using the tool "Posture, Activity, Tools and Handling." The PA-intervention (Intervention; n = 29, Controls; n = 24) included 3x20-min training/week for 12 weeks...

  5. Factors associated with the ability and willingness to continue working until the age of 65 in construction workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oude Hengel, K.M.; Blatter, B.M.; Geuskens, G.A.; Koppes, L.L.J.; Bongers, P.M.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: The working population is aging and a shortage of workers is expected in the construction industry. As a consequence, it is considered necessary that construction workers extend their working life. The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with construction workers' abi

  6. MORBIDITY PROFILE OF CONSTRUCTION WORKERS AGED ABOVE 14 YEARS IN SELECTED AREAS OF BANGALORE URBAN DISTRICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandeep

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Construction sector is a booming industry and involves many hazardous activities. Migrant labour in the industry is susceptible to various health and occupational hazards. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of v arious morbidities among workers aged above 14 years in building construction industry. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A population based cross - sectional descriptive study was conducted in the field practice areas of Raja Rajeswari Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru from April 2013 to March 2014. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Three building construction sites were randomly selected to meet the required sample size of 591 construction workers. Information was collected by interview method using a pre - designed, pre - te sted questionnaire followed by clinical examination. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Data was analyzed using SPSS software version 20. Various morbidities among the construction workers were being presented as frequency and percentages. RESULTS: Most prevalent morbidities among the construction workers were Psychological Distress, Respiratory Diseases, Musculoskeletal Diseases, Hypertension and Dermatitis in the order of their frequency. 30.8% of the construction workers were under weight (Body Mass Index < 18.5k g/m 2 . CONCLUSION: First aid services and safety measures, Periodic general health check - up facilities, Health education activities, Health insurance schemes, etc. will ensure health promotion, health protection and highest degree of well - being among the construction workers.

  7. Work fatigue and physiological symptoms in different occupations of high-elevation construction workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Fu-Lin; Sun, Yih-Min; Chuang, Kao-Hsing; Hsu, Der-Jen

    2009-07-01

    The objective of this study is to investigate whether work fatigue and physiological symptoms that high-elevation construction workers experience would be affected by the occupations. Questionnaires of demographic data and subjective fatigue symptoms as well as some physiological measurements were carried out, pre- and post-shift, on scaffolders, steel fixers, formworkers, electrician-plumbers, concreters and miscellaneous workers at a high-rise building construction site. This study found that some subjective fatigue symptoms coincide with the life style of some workers and that the extent of fatigue symptoms and physiological strains varies among different occupations of construction workers. Scaffolders, steel fixers and formworkers are categorized as physically demanding fatigue type of workers, while concreters, electrician-plumbers and miscellaneous workers as general type. The prevalence and occurrence of subjective fatigue symptoms indicate high-elevation workers have more complaints of "projection of physical impairment" than "drowsiness and dullness" and "difficulty in concentration". Some unexpected changes (i.e., post-shift measurements are greater than pre-shift ones) in some strength tests in scaffolders and concreters were consistent with the observations of how they exercised their bodies during work shift. Considerable variation of average heart rate among occupations was found, with scaffolders the highest and concreters the lowest. This study concludes that questionnaires of subjective fatigue symptoms and some physiological measurements can be used as indicators to predict the extent of strains or hazards which construction workers encounter. In terms of management program of safety and health, more attention should be paid to those physically demanding workers, such as scaffolders, workers with lower sense of safety and health, such as miscellaneous workers, and workers with older age, such as concreters.

  8. Prevalence and predictors of diabetes and cardiometabolic risk among construction workers in Ireland: the Construction Workers Health Trust screening study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Thabit, Hood

    2013-07-01

    Construction workers (CW) are at increased risk for a range of chronic diseases. We screened 983 CW for diabetes and cardiometabolic risk. The age range was 18-64 years, with mean age of 36.3 years. Self-reported questionnaires, Finnish diabetes risk score and fasting blood tests were collected at the workplace. The unadjusted prevalence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus were 3.6% and 1.2%, respectively; 21% of CW had the metabolic syndrome (MetS). The majority were either overweight (48.3%) or obese (21.8%). In a regression model, age remained the strongest predictor of fasting glucose (p < 0.001). Pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus were significantly associated with presence of the MetS [odds ratio (OR) 5.6; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.8-11.5, p < 0.001 and OR 5.5; 95% CI: 1.6-18.7, p = 0.006, respectively]. Subjects engaged in greater physical activity outside of work had lower body mass index (26.9 vs. 28.8 kg\\/m(2), p = 0.03), waist circumference (95.8 vs. 98.1 cm, p = 0.03) and fasting serum triglycerides (1.1 vs. 1.4 mmol\\/L, p = 0.03) compared to those who were sedentary. Despite their youth and a physically demanding occupation, CW are at risk of cardiometabolic diseases. This risk increases with age and the MetS. Screening tools may be useful to identify those who are at risk.

  9. Factors contributing to the differences in work related injury rates between Danish and Swedish construction workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spangenberg, S.; Baarts, C.; Dyreborg, J.;

    2002-01-01

    of injury risk factors at group and individual level for Danish and Swedish workers. LTI-rates and injury risk factors were compared for Danish and Swedish workers during the construction of the combined rail and road link across the 16-km wide sound, Oresund, between Denmark and Sweden. The comparison...

  10. Construct Validity of Functional Capacity Evaluation Lifting Tests in Construction Workers on Sick Leave as a Result of Musculoskeletal Disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    V. Gouttebarge; H. Wind; P.P. Kuijer; J.K. Sluiter; M.H. Frings-Dresen

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the construct (discriminative and convergent) validity of 5 Ergo-Kit (EK) functional capacity evaluation (FCE) lifting tests in construction workers on sick leave as a result of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Design: Cross sectional within-subject design. Setting: Occupation

  11. Critical factors and paths influencing construction workers' safety risk tolerances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jiayuan; Zou, Patrick X W; Li, Penny P

    2016-08-01

    While workers' safety risk tolerances have been regarded as a main reason for their unsafe behaviors, little is known about why different people have different risk tolerances even when confronting the same situation. The aim of this research is to identify the critical factors and paths that influence workers' safety risk tolerance and to explore how they contribute to accident causal model from a system thinking perceptive. A number of methods were carried out to analyze the data collected through interviews and questionnaire surveys. In the first and second steps of the research, factor identification, factor ranking and factor analysis were carried out, and the results show that workers' safety risk tolerance can be influenced by four groups of factors, namely: (1) personal subjective perception; (2) work knowledge and experiences; (3) work characteristics; and (4) safety management. In the third step of the research, hypothetical influencing path model was developed and tested by using structural equation modeling (SEM). It is found that the effects of external factors (safety management and work characteristics) on risk tolerance are larger than that of internal factors (personal subjective perception and work knowledge & experiences). Specifically, safety management contributes the most to workers' safety risk tolerance through its direct effect and indirect effect; while personal subjective perception comes the second and can act as an intermedia for work characteristics. This research provides an in-depth insight of workers' unsafe behaviors by depicting the contributing factors as shown in the accident causal model developed in this research. PMID:26775077

  12. The Effect Of Job Enrichment Schemes On Selected Construction Workers In Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Omotayo Olugbenga, Aina; Omoniyi, Alao Taiwo

    2014-01-01

    There is a need to ascertain the effect of job enrichment schemes on workers in construction industry in Nigeria in order to justify its continuous use as tools for motivation. This study was designed to determine the relative performance of job enrichment schemes used by selected construction firms in Lagos, Nigeria and the effects of the schemes on the workers in these firms. The study was conducted with data from questionnaire retrieved from forty two project sites. The project managers...

  13. Epidemiology of Work-Related Injuries Among Construction Workers of Ilam (Western Iran) During 2006 - 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moradinazar, Mehdi; Kurd, Nematullah; Farhadi, Rozita; Amee, Vahid; Najafi, Farid

    2013-01-01

    Background Work-related injuries are the most important cause of work absence, disability, retirement, mutilation, and even mortality. In Iran a great number of work-related injuries are occurred in construction industry. However, less than 12% of total workers are active in the construction sector. Objectives This study aimed to determine the incidence rate of work-related injuries, the type of injuries, and its other determinants among the construction workers of Ilam (Iran). Patients and Methods The participants were the workers and staffs working in the construction activities of Ilam in Western Iran. All the recorded injuries and deaths related to the construction workers of Ilam from 2006-2009 were collected from the Bureau of Labor and Social Affairs and then analyzed by the statistical package of SPSS (version 19, for Windows). Results During 2006 - 2009 in Ilam, 387workers encountered the building accidents. Their mean age was 34.3 years (SD = 12.4). The average annual incidence of work-related injuries among the workers was 8.2 per 1000 workers. Fracture with 275 cases (71%) was the most common outcome of injuries, and slipping and falling with 77 cases (36%) were the most important events and exposures. The most important factor related to injuries was the lack of surveillance by employers which was also related with the severity of accident-induced injuries (P < 0.004). Conclusions Considering the effectiveness of the relevant preventive measures activities such as training the workers as well as using safety tools and more surveillance by employers can decrease the number of work-related injuries among constructive workers. PMID:24693372

  14. Contact allergy in male construction workers in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2000-2005.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macedo, Marzia Silva; de Avelar Alchorne, Alicede Oliveira; Costa, Enilde Borges; Montesano, Fábio Tadeu

    2007-04-01

    There are no recent data on allergens in the construction industry in Brazil; apparently there were no changes in allergenic substances. The objective of this study was to identify sensitization to allergens in adult males working in the construction industry. A cross-sectional study with adult males submitted to patch tests from May 2000 to December 2005. Out of 169 male patients, 83 were construction workers. The five most frequent allergens among the construction workers were potassium dichromate (57%), carba-mix (34.9%), cobalt chloride (30.2%), thiuram-mix (27.9%) and neomycin (19.8%). There is a significant sensitization to potassium dichromate, cobalt, carba-mix, and thiuram-mix, demonstrating that cement and rubber gloves of personal protection equipment still account for allergic contact dermatitis in construction industry workers. PMID:17343626

  15. Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders among Unskilled Indian Women Construction Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeraja Telaprolu, Bhanwar Lal, Swarochish Chekuri

    2013-01-01

    Methods: Nordic musculoskeletal symptoms questionnaire was adopted to identify the musculoskeletal symptoms in nine anatomical body regions. Workers exposure to risk factors continuously for a period of more than two hours at a stretch and more than two such types of work spells in a work day was considered as risk factor. Results: The risk of WRMSDs is about 4 times more among workers with greater than 20 years of work experience than those with 11-20 years and is about 2 times more in those with 1-10 years of work experience respectively. Conclusions: Education programmes on ergonomic principles must be made mandatory for to reduce the rate of WRMSDs and to promote oc-cupational health.

  16. HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Construction Workers in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Bo; Guo, Haiqiang; Sun, Gao; Zuo, Tianming; Zhang, Yang; Li, Brandon Y

    2008-09-01

    The objective of the study was to describe HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, risk behaviors, and sources of information among construction workers in China. A cross-sectional survey of 458 construction workers was conducted among 4 construction sites in Shenyang city in 2006. All 458 participants were individually interviewed in a private setting by a trained team of medical researchers using a structured questionnaire, which included questions on general personal information and the knowledge, attitudes, practice questions and the favorable mode of health education. A total of 428 valid questionnaires were collected. Data entry and statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS 13.0. Our results indicated that the majority of construction workers in China are sexually active youths and adults with limited education and poor knowledge of HIV/AIDS. The proportions of correct answers to questions about HIV/AIDS ranged from 4.9% to 70.7%. The score was significantly different by education level (χ(2)=47.51, pconstruction workers had a negative attitude toward HIV/AIDS-infected individuals. The source of workers' knowledge toward HIV/AIDS mainly came from TV (35.8%), newspaper (14.3%), family and friend (13.1%) and others (28.2%). Chinese migrant workers in general lack knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Our study suggests prevention programs should be encouraged and these may have the potential role to limit the emergence of China's HIV/AIDS epidemic.

  17. Associations between Wage System and Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Disorders among Construction Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajslev, Jeppe Zielinski Nguyen; Persson, Roger; Andersen, Lars Louis

    2015-01-01

    Piece rate and performance based wage systems are common in the construction industry. Construction workers are known to have an increased risk of pain and musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). In this cross-sectional questionnaire study, we examined the association between wage system and (1) physical exertion, (2) time pressure, (3) pain, and (4) fatigue. The participants comprised 456 male Danish construction workers working on one of three different wage systems: group based performance wage, individually based performance wage, and time based wage system. The statistical analyses indicated differences between the wage systems in relation to physical exertion (ηp = 0.05) and time pressure (ηp = 0.03) but not to pain or fatigue. Workers on group based performance wage scored higher (i.e., worse) than workers on individual performance based wage and workers with an hourly/monthly wage. In conclusion, group performance based wage was associated with higher levels of physical exertion and time pressure. Accordingly, group performance based wage can be viewed as a factor that has the potential to complicate prevention of MSD among construction workers. Since performance based wage systems are common in many countries across the world, more attention should be paid to the health effects of these types of payment. PMID:26605083

  18. Respiratory Symptoms and Lung Function among Danish Construction Workers. A Cross-Sectional Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hanskov, Dorte Jessing Agerby; Brauer, Charlotte; Breinegaard, Nina;

    2015-01-01

    Objective:This study investigated whether Danish construction workers had an increased prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or affected lung function and if the prevalence differed between types of jobs within construction. Methods:A cross-sectional study of 899 Danish male ...

  19. Construction safety: Can management prevent all accidents or are workers responsible for their own actions?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The construction industry has struggled for many years with the answer to the question posed in the title: Can Management Prevent All Accidents or Are Workers Responsible for Their Own Actions? In the litigious society that we live, it has become more important to find someone open-quotes at faultclose quotes for an accident than it is to find out how we can prevent it from ever happening again. Most successful companies subscribe to the theme that open-quotes all accidents can be prevented.close quotes They institute training and qualification programs, safe performance incentives, and culture-change-driven directorates such as the Voluntary Protection Program (VPP); yet we still see construction accidents that result in lost time, and occasionally death, which is extremely costly in the shortsighted measure of money and, in real terms, impact to the worker''s family. Workers need to be properly trained in safety and health protection before they are assigned to a job that may expose them to safety and health hazards. A management committed to improving worker safety and health will bring about significant results in terms of financial savings, improved employee morale, enhanced communities, and increased production. But how can this happen, you say? Reduction in injury and lost workdays are the rewards. A decline in reduction of injuries and lost workdays results in lower workers'' compensation premiums and insurance rates. In 1991, United States workplace injuries and illnesses cost public and private sector employers an estimated $62 billion in workers'' compensation expenditures

  20. Worker Exposure to Airborne Contaminates When Using Waste Foundry Sand in the Construction of Road Embankments

    OpenAIRE

    Afzal, Waseem; Jacko, Robert Bertram

    2002-01-01

    A section of road was constructed in Northeastern Indiana in the summer of 1996 using waste foundry sand as the embankment construction material. Initial testing on the waste sand had determined no detrimental health effects. However, it was observed during construction that once the sand had dried, tire-road interaction raised copious clouds of black dust. This led to worker concern regarding airborne silica and silicosis. This study aimed at determining whether the threat of overexposure to...

  1. Health problems among migrant construction workers: A unique public-private partnership project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balkrishna B Adsul

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Construction sector is a booming industry and involves many hazardous activities. Migrant labor in the industry is susceptible to various health and occupational hazards. In a unique public-private partnership project, a medical team from a public sector teaching hospital in Mumbai provided comprehensive on-site health care services to the construction workers of a private construction company. Objective: To study socio-demographic profile and morbidity pattern of construction workers. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study at construction site Vidyavihar (West, Mumbai, was carried out over the period of May to November 2010. Materials and Methods: A medical team provided comprehensive on-site health care services, and a Health Card was devised to maintain the record of socio-demographic, occupational details, and complete physical examination findings of the workers who participated in the study. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 15.0. Results: Of the 1337 workers (all males examined, 1289 (96.4% belonged to 15-45 years age group. The mean age of the workers was 26.25 ± 8.49 years. A third of the migrants belonged to West Bengal. The average number of health problems in the workers was 1.41. Regular consumers of tobacco and alcohol were 50.48 and 14.65%, respectively. Nearly one-fifth of the workers had febrile illness, of which 20.71% had suspected malaria; 12.6% had respiratory infections, while 3.4% were found to have hypertension. There was a statistically significant association (P < 0.05 between type of occupation and morbidity status.

  2. Health problems among migrant construction workers: A unique public–private partnership project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adsul, Balkrishna B.; Laad, Payal S.; Howal, Prashant V.; Chaturvedi, Ramesh M.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Construction sector is a booming industry and involves many hazardous activities. Migrant labor in the industry is susceptible to various health and occupational hazards. In a unique public–private partnership project, a medical team from a public sector teaching hospital in Mumbai provided comprehensive on-site health care services to the construction workers of a private construction company. Objective: To study socio-demographic profile and morbidity pattern of construction workers. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study at construction site Vidyavihar (West), Mumbai, was carried out over the period of May to November 2010. Materials and Methods: A medical team provided comprehensive on-site health care services, and a Health Card was devised to maintain the record of socio-demographic, occupational details, and complete physical examination findings of the workers who participated in the study. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 15.0. Results: Of the 1337 workers (all males) examined, 1289 (96.4%) belonged to 15–45 years age group. The mean age of the workers was 26.25 ± 8.49 years. A third of the migrants belonged to West Bengal. The average number of health problems in the workers was 1.41. Regular consumers of tobacco and alcohol were 50.48 and 14.65%, respectively. Nearly one-fifth of the workers had febrile illness, of which 20.71% had suspected malaria; 12.6% had respiratory infections, while 3.4% were found to have hypertension. There was a statistically significant association (P < 0.05) between type of occupation and morbidity status. PMID:21808498

  3. A worksite prevention program for construction workers: design of a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Proper Karin I

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A worksite prevention program was developed to promote the work ability of construction workers and thereby prolong a healthy working life. The objective of this paper is to present the design of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of that intervention program compared with usual care for construction workers. Methods The study is designed as a randomized controlled trial with a follow-up of one year. Employees eligible for this study are construction workers performing actual construction work. The worksite intervention will be compared with usual care. This intervention was developed by using the Intervention Mapping approach and consists of the following components: (1 two individual training sessions of a physical therapist to lower the physical workload, (2 a Rest-Break tool to improve the balance between work and recovery, and (3 two empowerment training sessions to increase the influence of the construction workers at the worksite. Outcome measures are assessed at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. The primary outcome measures of this study are work ability and health-related quality of life. Secondary outcome measures include need for recovery, musculoskeletal complaints, work engagement and self efficacy. Cost-effectiveness will be evaluated from the company perspective. Moreover, a process evaluation will be conducted. Discussion The feasibility of the intervention and the study has been enhanced by creating an intervention program that explicitly appeals to construction workers and will not interfere too much with the ongoing construction. The feasibility and effectiveness of this worksite prevention program will be investigated by means of an effect- and a process evaluation. If proven effective, this worksite prevention program can be implemented on a larger scale within the construction industry. Trial Registration NTR1278

  4. Behavior of Workers Towards Safety in Construction Projects in the Gaza Strip

    OpenAIRE

    Enshassi, Adnan; Abualqumboz, Moheeb

    2006-01-01

    The construction industry is one of the largest industries in the world. It became a major industry in Palestine during the past few years. Although it contributes around 19% to GDP, it still lacks the consideration for safety of workers. Safety in construction industry is one of the major factors that affects the field and should be studied and investigated to be integrated as an inherent culture of each member of the project. Behavior of workers on job site is a reflection of the safety cul...

  5. [Representations of informal jobs and health risks among housemaids and construction workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iriart, Jorge Alberto Bernstein; de Oliveira, Roberval Passos; Xavier, Shirlei da Silva; Costa, Alane Mendara da Silva; de Araújo, Gustavo Ribeiro; Santana, Vilma Sousa

    2008-01-01

    During the past few decades, the Brazilian labor market has been characterized by an increase of unregistered workers, earning lower wages, not covered by social insurance or occupational risk prevention programs. This study describes the representations and perceptions about informal work contracts and job-related health risks, analyzed in a group of injured unregistered workers. This was a qualitative study based on in-depth interviews carried out with seventeen laborers, nine housemaids and eight construction workers. The findings indicate that workers recognize the importance of formal jobs, mainly because of legal guarantees of labor rights, mentioning the symbolic downgrading of informal jobs that undermines their self-esteem. Both work groups tended to minimize occupational health risks in the work environment, and did not recognize associations between informal job contracts and occupational accidents or diseases. It was clear that workers want to have job contracts. The findings of the study demonstrate the need for broader dissemination and discussion about labor rights and the construction of public policies that encompass health and safety programs for these workers.

  6. Supervisors and accomplices: extra-marital sex among migrant construction workers in Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thuy, Bui Thi Thanh; Kretchmar, Joshua

    2008-06-01

    This study examines the influence of social networks on the sexual relations of migrant construction workers in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. Research included observation and interviews with members of two different groups of workers. The first group, together with their employer (cai), came from the same village; the second group came from different villages. Of interest in the present study was how social relationships among workers and their employers influence extra-marital sexual activity. In the group where workers and their cai came from the same village of origin, fear of acquiring a bad reputation made these workers reluctant to seek sex services, since accounts of their behaviour were transmitted quickly home. In contrast, workers from the group who came from different villages often went out together to purchase sex. The absence of direct links to their villages of origin made it easier for these latter workers to conceal their activity. The implication of these findings for sexual safety and risk are discussed.

  7. Intervention Mapping as a Framework for Developing an Intervention at the Worksite for Older Construction Workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oude Hengel, K.M.; Joling, C.I.; Proper, K.I.; Molen, H.F. van der; Bongers, P.M.

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the use of intervention mapping to develop a worksite intervention designed to improve the work ability of construction workers. A six-step methodology was implemented that included the following: needs assessment; preparing matrices of change objectives; selecting theory-info

  8. Team wins international competition with robots designed to save lives of construction workers

    OpenAIRE

    Mackay, Steven D.

    2008-01-01

    The Robotics and Mechanisms Laboratory (RoMeLa) of the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech won the grand prize at the 2008 International Capstone Design Fair with a trio of pole-climbing serpentine robots designed to take the place of construction workers tasked with dangerous jobs such as inspecting high-rises or underwater bridge piers.

  9. Reworking labour practices : On the agency of unorganized mobile migrant construction workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berntsen, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    In an attempt to probe the nuanced processes of non-unionization, this article analyses the agency of migrant construction workers and the ways they negotiate and navigate an increasingly flexible and pan-European labour market. Drawing upon qualitative interview data, the article argues that the pr

  10. Investigating the Factors Associated with Job Satisfaction of Construction Workers in South Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Reza Hosseini

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is twofold. Firstly, its aim is to ascertain the major aspects of job satisfaction for South Australian construction workers including the main ramifications of job satisfaction in the working environment. Secondly, it investigates the influence of key age-related factors i.e. chronological age, organisational age and length of service on major aspects of job satisfaction. The collected data for this study comprised 72 questionnaires completed by construction practitioners working at operational levels in the South Australian construction industry. Based on the responses from the target group, this study deduced that job dissatisfaction was predominantly related to the adverse impact on personal health and quality of life. In addition, indifference and the perception of dejection in the workplace are the main consequences of low levels of job satisfaction. Inferential analyses revealed that none of the age-related factors could significantly affect the major aspects of job satisfaction of construction workers in the South Australian context. The study concludes with providing practical suggestions for redesigning human resources practices for increasing the level of job satisfaction within the South Australian construction industry.Keywords: Job satisfaction, workers, age, construction industry, South Australia

  11. Quality of life and probable psychological distress among male workers at a construction site, Kolar district, Karnataka, India

    OpenAIRE

    Mathew, Geethu; Ramesh, Naveen; Shanbhag, Deepthi; Goud, Ramakrishna; Subramanian, Sharan; Lobo, Carol; Xavier, Alex; Dasari, Prudhvi

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The construction industry, which mainly consists of migrant labouers is one of the largest employers in the unorganized sector in India. These workers work in poor conditions and are often vulnerable to exploitation. These workers also do not have health care benefits and often these factors lead to poor quality of life (QOL) and psychological distress. Objectives: To assess the QOL, probable psychological distress and associated factors among male construction workers. Material...

  12. Employee engagement, boredom and frontline construction workers feeling safe in their workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiteoak, John W; Mohamed, Sherif

    2016-08-01

    Systems thinking is a philosophy currently prevalent within construction safety literature that is applied to understand and improve safety in sociotechnical systems. Among systems, the site-project organizational system is of particular interest to this paper. Using focus group and survey feedback research to learn about how safety incidents effect levels of construction workers engagement this paper reveals how a safety incident provides an opportunity to create a potential quality (productivity) upgrade within an organization. The research approach involved a qualitative study involving 27 frontline supervisors and a follow-up survey completed by 207 frontline workers in the Australian Asphalt and Pavement Industry. The focus group interviews supported the articulation of the concepts of tacit safety, explicit safety, situational awareness, foresight ability, practical intelligence and crew synergy. Our findings indicate that having regular shift changes and other job site workers being fatigued are influential on perceptions of tacit safety. An individual's foresight ability was found to be the most potent predictor of worker perceptions of work engagement. The paper explains that relatively small improvements in worker perceptions of safety can bring about significant improvements in employee engagement and productivity. PMID:26616016

  13. The development of anti-heat stress clothing for construction workers in hot and humid weather.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Albert P C; Guo, Y P; Wong, Francis K W; Li, Y; Sun, S; Han, X

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop anti-heat stress clothing for construction workers in hot and humid weather. Following DeJonge's functional clothing design process, the design situation was explored, including clothing fabric heat/moisture transporting properties and UV protection and the aspects of clothing ergonomic design (mobility, convenience, and safety). The problem structure was derived from the results of the surveys in three local construction sites, which agreed well with the task requirements and observations. Specifications were consequently described and 30 commercially available fabrics were identified and tested. Fabric testing data and design considerations were inputted in S-smart system to predict the thermal functional performance of the clothing. A new uniform prototype was developed and evaluated. The results of all measurements suggest that the new uniform which incorporated fabrics with superior heat/moisture transporting properties and loose-fitting design could reduce the workers' heat stress and improve their comfort and work performance. Practitioner Summary: The construction workers' uniform currently used in Hong Kong during summer was unsatisfactory. Following DeJonge's functional clothing design process, an anti-heat stress uniform was developed by testing 30 fabrics and predicting clothing thermal functional performance using S-smart system. The new uniform could reduce the workers' heat stress and improve their comfort and work performance. PMID:26399956

  14. A system dynamics approach for modeling construction workers' safety attitudes and behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Mingyu; Lee, Hyun-Soo; Park, Moonseo; Moon, Myunggi; Han, Sangwon

    2014-07-01

    Construction accidents are caused by an unsafe act (i.e., a person's behavior or activity that deviates from normal accepted safe procedure) and/or an unsafe condition (i.e., a hazard or an unsafe mechanical or physical environment). While there has been dramatic improvement in creating safer construction environments, relatively little is known regarding the elimination of construction workers' unsafe acts. To address this deficiency, this paper aims to develop a system dynamics (SD)-based model of construction workers' mental processes that can help analyze the feedback mechanisms and the resultant dynamics regarding the workers' safety attitudes and safe behaviors. The developed model is applied to examine the effectiveness of three safety improvement policies: incentives for safe behaviors, and increased levels of communication and immersion in accidents. Application of the model verifies the strong potential of the developed model to provide a better understanding of how to eliminate unsafe acts, and to function as a robust test-bed to assess the effectiveness of safety programs or training sessions before their implementation.

  15. Certain questions of the acclimatization of construction workers to the conditions of a subtropical climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babayev, A.

    1979-01-01

    The period of active acclimatization was determined for construction workers coming into a subtropical climate. Changes were observed in metabolic processes, oxygen needs, pulse rate, arterial pressure, body and skin temperature, body weight, water consumption and loss, and the comfort zone of heat sensitivity. It was concluded that acclimatization is facilitated if introduction to the hot climate occurs in the mild cool season, rather than the summer. This also prevents heat prostration and improves the development of adaptive mechanisms.

  16. Asbestos Exposure among Construction Workers During Demolition of Old Houses in Tehran, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Hossein KAKOOEI; NORMOHAMMADI, Mohhammad

    2013-01-01

    Air quality in demolition practices has seldom been evaluated in Iran. Accordingly, we evaluated asbestos exposure among Tehran construction workers during the demolition of old houses. To identify possible sources of asbestos exposure, including thermal insulations, chimney pipes and cement sheets, were all sampled. This study also were taken the personal air samples to evaluate any asbestos exposure during the demolition. The asbestos fibers found in the samples were analyzed by phase-contr...

  17. Multiple Health Behavior Changes in a Cancer Prevention Intervention for Construction Workers, 2001-2003

    OpenAIRE

    Harley, Amy E.; Devine, Carol M.; Beard, Binta; Stoddard, Anne M.; Hunt, Mary K.; Sorensen, Glorian

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Few multiple behavior change interventions have addressed tobacco use in conjunction with fruit and vegetable consumption, particularly among high-risk blue-collar workers. Tools for Health, a cancer prevention intervention for construction laborers, was effective in achieving behavior change for smoking cessation and fruit and vegetable consumption separately. This study examines whether addressing smoking and fruit and vegetable consumption was successful in achieving positive...

  18. Discursive practices of outsourced workers and social construction of exclusion identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria da Glória Pereira Brito

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8077.2012v14n32p77This article aims to investigate the identity construction of outsourced workers who provide services in diverse production environments. We assume that the individual or collective identity is socially constructed in a socio-historical context and it is subject to continuous transformations derived from the dialectical relationship between objectivity and subjectivity. We adopt an interpretative theoretical and methodological approach attempts to understand, through discourse analysis of thirteen semi-structured interviews, employees of a company providing services of quality control at Belo Horizonte construct their identity. We noticed several negative representations of the outsourced work and the presence of a strong desire to be part of the worker’s actual hiring company.They feel discriminated against and excluded by workers effective. Their relationship with these workers can be seen as effectivea force field in which each individual seeks to exercise political power and demarcate their space.

  19. Increased mortality in COPD among construction workers exposed to inorganic dust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergdahl, I A; Torén, K; Eriksson, K; Hedlund, U; Nilsson, T; Flodin, R; Järvholm, B

    2004-03-01

    The aim of this study was to find out if occupational exposure to dust, fumes or gases, especially among never-smokers, increased the mortality from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A cohort of 317,629 Swedish male construction workers was followed from 1971 to 1999. Exposure to inorganic dust (asbestos, man-made mineral fibres, dust from cement, concrete and quartz), gases and irritants (epoxy resins, isocyanates and organic solvents), fumes (asphalt fumes, diesel exhaust and metal fumes), and wood dust was based on a job-exposure matrix. An internal control group with "unexposed" construction workers was used, and the analyses were adjusted for age and smoking. When all subjects were analysed, there was an increased mortality from COPD among those with any airborne exposure (relative risk 1.12 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-1.22)). In a Poisson regression model, including smoking, age and the major exposure groups, exposure to inorganic dust was associated with an increased risk (hazard ratio (HR) 1.10 (95% CI 1.06-1.14)), especially among never-smokers (HR 2.30 (95% CI 1.07-4.96)). The fraction of COPD among the exposed attributable to any airborne exposure was estimated as 10.7% overall and 52.6% among never-smokers. In conclusion, occupational exposure among construction workers increases mortality due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, even among never-smokers. PMID:15065829

  20. Increased mortality in COPD among construction workers exposed to inorganic dust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergdahl, I A; Torén, K; Eriksson, K; Hedlund, U; Nilsson, T; Flodin, R; Järvholm, B

    2004-03-01

    The aim of this study was to find out if occupational exposure to dust, fumes or gases, especially among never-smokers, increased the mortality from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A cohort of 317,629 Swedish male construction workers was followed from 1971 to 1999. Exposure to inorganic dust (asbestos, man-made mineral fibres, dust from cement, concrete and quartz), gases and irritants (epoxy resins, isocyanates and organic solvents), fumes (asphalt fumes, diesel exhaust and metal fumes), and wood dust was based on a job-exposure matrix. An internal control group with "unexposed" construction workers was used, and the analyses were adjusted for age and smoking. When all subjects were analysed, there was an increased mortality from COPD among those with any airborne exposure (relative risk 1.12 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-1.22)). In a Poisson regression model, including smoking, age and the major exposure groups, exposure to inorganic dust was associated with an increased risk (hazard ratio (HR) 1.10 (95% CI 1.06-1.14)), especially among never-smokers (HR 2.30 (95% CI 1.07-4.96)). The fraction of COPD among the exposed attributable to any airborne exposure was estimated as 10.7% overall and 52.6% among never-smokers. In conclusion, occupational exposure among construction workers increases mortality due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, even among never-smokers.

  1. The Relationship of Stressors and Stress on Injury Incident of Construction Workers in Penang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhd Ali Khairul Ammar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction Workers (CWs are the main source of manpower that is necessary to every construction project. Non conducive and hazardous working environment at construction site will affect the physiological health of the construction labour. This study is conducted to explore the impact of job stress and emotional stress to the CWs that potentially lead to injuries incident in Penang. Twelve stressors were identified through factor analysis. Then, the stressors are classified into five main categories. Questionnaires were developed according to the stressstressor relationship. The correlation between factors of injury incident (stressor and stress shows that lack of autonomy and inappropriate safety equipment lead to the emotional stress among the CWs with 0.287 and 0.204 respectively. In addition, poor physical environment causes the job stress among CWs with the correlation of 0.270.

  2. Smoking among construction workers: the nonlinear influence of the economy, cigarette prices, and antismoking sentiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okechukwu, Cassandra; Bacic, Janine; Cheng, Kai-Wen; Catalano, Ralph

    2012-10-01

    Little research has been conducted on the influence of macroeconomic environments on smoking among blue-collar workers, a group with high smoking prevalence and that is especially vulnerable to the effects of changing economic circumstances. Using data from 52,418 construction workers in the Tobacco Use Supplement to the United States Current Population Survey, we examined the association of labor market shock, cigarette prices, and state antismoking sentiments with smoking status and average number of cigarettes smoked daily. Data analysis included the use of multiple linear and logistic regressions, which employed the sampling and replicate weights to account for sampling design. Unemployed, American-Indian, lower-educated and lower-income workers had higher smoking rates. Labor market shock had a quadratic association, which was non-significant for smoking status and significant for number of cigarettes. The association of cigarette prices with smoking status became non-significant after adjusting for state-level antismoking sentiment. State-level antismoking sentiment had significant quadratic association with smoking status among employed workers and significant quadratic association with number of cigarettes for all smokers. The study highlights how both workplace-based smoking cessation interventions and antismoking sentiments could further contribute to disparities in smoking by employment status.

  3. "They think you're as stupid as your English is": constructing foreign domestic workers in Toronto

    OpenAIRE

    England, K.; B Stiell

    1997-01-01

    In Canada, paid domestic work is often associated with (im)migrant women from a variety of countries of origin. We critically analyse Canada's foreign domestic worker programmes, noting the shifting definitions of which nationalities should participate. We note how gendered, racialised, and classed constructions of national identities infuse these programmes. We then turn to an empirical analysis of how foreign domestic workers are constructed in Toronto, where demand is the highest in Canada...

  4. Time trend in hospitalised chronic lower respiratory diseases among Danish building and construction workers, 1981-2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tüchsen, Finn; Hannerz, Harald; Mølgaard, Ellen Fisher;

    2012-01-01

    To show trends in age-standardised hospital admission ratios (SHR) for chronic lower respiratory diseases, estimated for Danish construction workers over three time periods (1981-1990, 1991-2000, 2001-2009).......To show trends in age-standardised hospital admission ratios (SHR) for chronic lower respiratory diseases, estimated for Danish construction workers over three time periods (1981-1990, 1991-2000, 2001-2009)....

  5. Construction of elderly identity within an education programme for care workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anne Winther

    , the paper focuses on how elderly identity is constructed within an adult basic education programme in the social and health care sector in Denmark. The programme being involved is for adults who would like to work in the social and health care sector at a basic level; the programme consists of theoretical......Elderly living in nursing homes or receiving home help in their private homes are often very dependent on the help provided by care workers. The paper deals with how the character of the provided help is influenced by the way the care workers perceive the elderly and their situation. In particular...... an educational research project; however as the programme being studied is withinThe Basic Social and Health Education Programmes in Denmark, Elderly Identity is an important subtheme....

  6. The Development, Diffusion and Evaluation of a Fall Hazard Safety Training Program for Residential Construction Workers Utilizing Instructor Led and New Media Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fullen, Mark D.

    2009-01-01

    The numbers of workers in the residential construction industry are on the rise. Falls have continually been the largest contributor to residential construction worker deaths and injuries. These workers are largely self-employed or working for small companies. These individuals are difficult to reach through traditional methods. This research…

  7. The study of KBP of road construction workers of highway AIDS prevention project before and after intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dan Liu; Si-Ping Dong; Guang-Ming Gao; Ming-Yu Fan; Zong-Jiu Zhang; Peng-Qian Fang

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To get scientific basis for further health education through the research of the road construction workers’KBP before and after the interventions of highwayAIDS prevention project. Methods:Multi-stage random sampling method was employeed to select workers of8 sites from14 sites along highway to investigate theirAIDS knowledge, belief and performance(KBP) before and after highwayAIDS prevention project.Results:Over90% of the investigated workers had ever heard aboutAIDS, and the non-skilled workers of lower educational level improved more after intervention.The correct answer rate of the three transmitting ways ofAIDS of drivers which is the focused group of highway before and after intervention had the obvious statistical significance(P<0.05), and the other group’s correct answer rates also had improved after intervention.Most people’s understanding of preventingAIDS through correct use of condoms when having sex had a statistically significant difference(P<0.05) after prevention.The rates of using condoms of foremen and skilled workers when having sex with commercial sex worker/casual partner increased after intervention.Conclusions:The health education ofHIV among the road construction workers is effective and further health education ofHIV prevention should be carried out among the road construction workers to improve their knowledge and awareness of avoiding the high-risk behaviors.

  8. Prevalence and correlates of nicotine dependence among construction site workers: A cross-sectional study in Delhi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mamta Parashar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Workers represent half the world′s population and are major contributors to economic and social development. Tobacco consumption in construction site workers has been considered a big challenge. Objectives: (1 To assess the prevalence of nicotine dependence among tobacco users. (2 To study the correlates of nicotine dependence among the construction site workers. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted using a predesigned and pretested structured proforma. The study was conducted among all construction site workers aged 18yrs and above in campus of Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research and associated HAH centenary hospital, New Delhi.Karl Fagerstrom Nicotine Dependence Questionnaire was used to assess dependence on nicotine. Results: The mean age of construction site workers was 32.04±11.6 years. Among the workers, majority (91% were tobacco user. Among the users, 60% found it difficult to refrain from smoking/chewing in places where use of tobacco is not allowed (e.g. hospitals, government offices, cinemas, Libraries etc. 55% of the users smoked or chewed tobacco during the first hours after waking than during the rest of the day. On multivariate analysis, the factors which were found to be significantly associated with nicotine dependence were lower income group (OR 2.57, CI:1.66-3.99, smokeless tobacco use (OR 2.36,CI:1.30-4.27 and lower education (OR = 2.86 (95% CI 1.97-4.16 for illiterate. Discussion: The prevalence of tobacco use (91% among construction workers is very high compared to that in the general population. Recognition of construction sites as work places and proper implementation of law is needed.

  9. Application of handheld devices to field research among underserved construction worker populations: a workplace health assessment pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fleming Lora E

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Novel low-cost approaches for conducting rapid health assessments and health promotion interventions among underserved worker groups are needed. Recruitment and participation of construction workers is particularly challenging due to their often transient periods of work at any one construction site, and their limited time during work to participate in such studies. In the present methodology report, we discuss the experience, advantages and disadvantages of using touch screen handheld devices for the collection of field data from a largely underserved worker population. Methods In March 2010, a workplace-centered pilot study to examine the feasibility of using a handheld personal device for the rapid health assessment of construction workers in two South Florida Construction sites was undertaken. A 45-item survey instrument, including health-related questions on tobacco exposure, workplace safety practices, musculoskeletal disorders and health symptoms, was programmed onto Apple iPod Touch® devices. Language sensitive (English and Spanish recruitment scripts, verbal consent forms, and survey questions were all preloaded onto the handheld devices. The experience (time to survey administration and capital cost of the handheld administration method was recorded and compared to approaches available in the extant literature. Results Construction workers were very receptive to the recruitment, interview and assessment processes conducted through the handheld devices. Some workers even welcomed the opportunity to complete the questionnaire themselves using the touch screen handheld device. A list of advantages and disadvantages emerged from this experience that may be useful in the rapid health assessment of underserved populations working in a variety of environmental and occupational health settings. Conclusions Handheld devices, which are relatively inexpensive, minimize survey response error, and allow for easy storage of data

  10. Precarious posted worlds : Posted migrant workers in the Dutch construction and meat processing industries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berntsen, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    The posting of migrant workers has become an important employment channel for cross-border employment within the European Union (EU). Although posted workers are not formally excluded from labour rights, regulations are enacted in such a way that de facto they often are, as posted workers face many

  11. World financial crisis as an indicator of a systemic discrimination of migrants: Migrant construction workers in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojić-Mitrović Marta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available World financial crisis can be viewed as bringing about insights into some characteristics of our social, political and economic systems. The case of migrant construction workers from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia working in Slovenia, fired in the name of the financial crisis, undoubtedly calls attention to the existence of systemic discrimination which is based on nationality.

  12. Process evaluation of a multifaceted health program aiming to improve physical activity levels and dietary patterns among construction workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Viester, L.; Verhagen, E.A.L.M.; Bongers, P.M.; Beek, A.J. van der

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the process of a health promotion program, aiming to improve physical activity levels and diet among construction workers. Methods: The process evaluation was conducted after the RE-AIM framework for the evaluation of the public health impact of health promotion interventions.

  13. A review on the occupational health and social security of unorganized workers in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guddi Tiwary

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction is one of the important industries employing a large number of people on its workforce. A wide range of activities are involved in it. Due to the advent of industrialization and recent developments, this industry is taking a pivotal role for construction of buildings, roads, bridges, and so forth. The workers engaged in this industry are victims of different occupational disorders and psychosocial stresses. In India, they belong to the organized and unorganized sectors. However, data in respect to occupational health and psychosocial stress are scanty in our country. It is true that a sizable number of the workforce is from the unorganized sectors − the working hours are more than the stipulated hours of work - the work place is not proper − the working conditions are non-congenial in most of the cases and involve risk factors. Their wages are also not adequate, making it difficult for them to run their families. The hazards include handling of different materials required for construction, and exposure to harsh environmental conditions like sun, rain, and so on. On account of this, in adverse conditions, it results in accidents and adverse health conditions cause psychosocial strain and the like. They are victims of headache, backache, joint pains, skin diseases, lung disorders like silicosis, other muscular skeletal disorders, and so on. The repetitive nature of the work causes boredom and the disproportionate earning compared to the requirements puts them under psychological stress and strain and other abnormal behavioral disorders. The Government of India has realized the importance of this industry and has promulgated an Act in 1996. The state government are being asked to adhere to this, although only a few states have partially enforced it. In this article, attempts have been made to review some of the important available articles for giving a broad idea of the problem and for furtherance of research in this field.

  14. A review on the occupational health and social security of unorganized workers in the construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwary, Guddi; Gangopadhyay, P K

    2011-01-01

    Construction is one of the important industries employing a large number of people on its workforce. A wide range of activities are involved in it. Due to the advent of industrialization and recent developments, this industry is taking a pivotal role for construction of buildings, roads, bridges, and so forth. The workers engaged in this industry are victims of different occupational disorders and psychosocial stresses. In India, they belong to the organized and unorganized sectors. However, data in respect to occupational health and psychosocial stress are scanty in our country. It is true that a sizable number of the workforce is from the unorganized sectors - the working hours are more than the stipulated hours of work - the work place is not proper - the working conditions are non-congenial in most of the cases and involve risk factors. Their wages are also not adequate, making it difficult for them to run their families. The hazards include handling of different materials required for construction, and exposure to harsh environmental conditions like sun, rain, and so on. On account of this, in adverse conditions, it results in accidents and adverse health conditions cause psychosocial strain and the like. They are victims of headache, backache, joint pains, skin diseases, lung disorders like silicosis, other muscular skeletal disorders, and so on. The repetitive nature of the work causes boredom and the disproportionate earning compared to the requirements puts them under psychological stress and strain and other abnormal behavioral disorders. The Government of India has realized the importance of this industry and has promulgated an Act in 1996. The state government are being asked to adhere to this, although only a few states have partially enforced it. In this article, attempts have been made to review some of the important available articles for giving a broad idea of the problem and for furtherance of research in this field.

  15. Contextual Information and Covariance Descriptors for People Surveillance: An Application for Safety of Construction Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prati Andrea

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In computer science, contextual information can be used both to reduce computations and to increase accuracy. This paper discusses how it can be exploited for people surveillance in very cluttered environments in terms of perspective (i.e., weak scene calibration and appearance of the objects of interest (i.e., relevance feedback on the training of a classifier. These techniques are applied to a pedestrian detector that uses a LogitBoost classifier, appropriately modified to work with covariance descriptors which lie on Riemannian manifolds. On each detected pedestrian, a similar classifier is employed to obtain a precise localization of the head. Two novelties on the algorithms are proposed in this case: polar image transformations to better exploit the circular feature of the head appearance and multispectral image derivatives that catch not only luminance but also chrominance variations. The complete approach has been tested on the surveillance of a construction site to detect workers that do not wear the hard hat: in such scenarios, the complexity and dynamics are very high, making pedestrian detection a real challenge.

  16. Vulnerability of Motivation Schemes in Enhancing Site Workers Productivity for Construction Industry’s Sustainability in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olufisayo Adewumi Adedokun

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry provides appreciable employment for the unskilled and semi-skilled labour considering the nature of most activities carried out on construction sites. However, the productivity of this categories of labour have trended poor overtime. This study therefore assessed the financial and non financial motivational schemes; in light of their preference to construction site workers so as to assure on their vulnerability in enhancing productivity. The data collected through the administration of questionnaires to construction site operatives were analysed using the relative importance index (RII. The research instrument was also legitimized with content validity index (CVI for items ≥ 0.80 and cronbach alpha value, as a measure of internal consistency, ≥ 0.70. Allowances, wages stock option and bonuses are the financial motivators while delegation, independence and autonomy, facilities for transportation are the non financial motivations that are important to site workers on construction sites. Giving praises, encouragement to make contributions, free medical care, availability of relaxation centres and first aid provision are the motivation schemes that site operatives believed to enhance their productivity. This paper concludes that both financial and non financial motivational schemes are important to enhancing the productivity of operatives on construction sites. The vulnerable motivational schemes to the enhancement of productivity, as revealed in this study is recommended to the construction and subcontracting firms, foremen, clerk of works, site supervisors, site engineers and all other stakeholders in ensuring a maximum output for a unit input from site operatives.

  17. Studying the Amount of Noise Exposure and Measuring the Hearing Loss in Workers of Door and Window Construction Factory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Khavanin

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Material and method: by using a dosimeter we tried to study the amount of noise exposure each worker is exposed to; the microphone was connected to the collar of the shirts and the dosimeter to the belt. The audiometric evaluations were performed before starting work in the factory. Results: the years of experience in the factory has a significant correlation with amount of hearing loss in the workers of the noisy environments (based on the findings of the dosimetric measurements Conclusion: the findings of the current study demonstrated that workers of the door and window construction factory were exposed to high level of noises and their hearing thresholds were largely affected by the noise pollution. This is in accordance with results of the similar studies. This impact was mostly revealed in the forgers.

  18. Musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers: a one-year follow-up study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boschman Julitta S

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs are an important cause of functional impairments and disability among construction workers. An improved understanding of MSDs in different construction occupations is likely to be of value for selecting preventive measures. This study aimed to survey the prevalence of symptoms of MSDs, the work-relatedness of the symptoms and the problems experienced during work among two construction occupations: bricklayers and supervisors. Methods We randomly selected 750 bricklayers and 750 supervisors resident in the Netherlands in December 2009. This sample was surveyed by means of a baseline questionnaire and a follow-up questionnaire one year later. The participants were asked about complaints of the musculoskeletal system during the last six months, the perceived work-relatedness of the symptoms, the problems that occurred during work and the occupational tasks that were perceived as causes or aggravating factors of the MSD. Results Baseline response rate was 37%, follow-up response was 80%. The prevalence of MSDs among 267 bricklayers and 232 supervisors was 67% and 57%, respectively. Complaints of the back, knee and shoulder/upper arm were the most prevalent among both occupations. Irrespective of the body region, most of the bricklayers and supervisors reported that their complaints were work-related. Complaints of the back and elbow were the most often reported among the bricklayers during work, whereas lower arm/wrist and upper leg complaints were the most often reported among the supervisors. In both occupations, a majority of the participants perceived several occupational physical tasks and activities as causes or aggravating factors for their MSD. Recurrent complaints at follow-up were reported by both bricklayers (47% of the complaints and supervisors (31% of the complaints. Participants in both occupations report that mainly back and knee complaints result in additional problems

  19. Constructing Predictive Estimates for Worker Exposure to Radioactivity During Decommissioning: Analysis of Completed Decommissioning Projects - Master Thesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dettmers, Dana Lee; Eide, Steven Arvid

    2002-10-01

    An analysis of completed decommissioning projects is used to construct predictive estimates for worker exposure to radioactivity during decommissioning activities. The preferred organizational method for the completed decommissioning project data is to divide the data by type of facility, whether decommissioning was performed on part of the facility or the complete facility, and the level of radiation within the facility prior to decommissioning (low, medium, or high). Additional data analysis shows that there is not a downward trend in worker exposure data over time. Also, the use of a standard estimate for worker exposure to radioactivity may be a best estimate for low complete storage, high partial storage, and medium reactor facilities; a conservative estimate for some low level of facility radiation facilities (reactor complete, research complete, pits/ponds, other), medium partial process facilities, and high complete research facilities; and an underestimate for the remaining facilities. Limited data are available to compare different decommissioning alternatives, so the available data are reported and no conclusions can been drawn. It is recommended that all DOE sites and the NRC use a similar method to document worker hours, worker exposure to radiation (person-rem), and standard industrial accidents, injuries, and deaths for all completed decommissioning activities.

  20. Valuing the contribution of knowledge-oriented workers to projects: a merit based approach in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Arashpour

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Evidence points to the fact that frequent resignation of project engineers from construction companies is primarily the result of dissatisfaction with the factors that shape the salary scale. This research aims to identify the major influencing factors in merit based salary calculation systems for knowledge-oriented engineers so as to more accurately reflect their contribution to construction projects. Results from a questionnaire sent to managers, engineers and HR professionals throughout the Iranian construction industry revealed that while there was overall agreement on principles to a merit-based approach, engineers in particular identified ‘professional skills’, ‘experience’ and ‘creativity’. Management-oriented parties should take into account engineer perspectives in order to more accurately value the knowledge-oriented contribution of these workers to construction projects. This research provides a basis for understanding the key factors in the merit based salary scale formulation through the construction industry.

  1. A mass food poisoning in two construction company workers taking meal from the same food company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vedat Dorman

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study, outbreaks of food poisoning that occurred in the two different construction company caused by the same food company were investigated via outbreak investigation were made.Methods: Thirty-nine people were admitted with nausea, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, headache, joint pain and fatigue to a private hospital diarrhea on April 28, 2008 evening. At following day, Head of Hospitals and other local health authorities held meetings and a collective action plan was prepared. The food samples of last 3 days and chemical and bacteriological water samples were collected for bacteriological and chemical analysis. Outbreak investigation steps in accordance with the presence of epidemic were confirmed via person-locality-time feature, determination of person that were under risk, localization of new cases, protection and control measures to be taken and reported procedures were performed. A structured questionnaire was applied to cases and control group.Results: Hospital records were examined and 114 patients were identified as admitted to hospitals with food poisoning complaints between 28 April and 1 May, 2008. An interview was performed with 109 persons (55 food-staff workers and 54 patients. According to the results of food samples taken C.perfringens from haricot beans with meat and S.aureus from salad were produced.Conclusion: The food industry in our country and the developing world is increasingly ongoing although still food born outbreaks can be seen. Particular attention to the rules of hygiene in food-industry and regular controls will prevent the formation of food borne outbreaks

  2. VIP in construction: systematic development and evaluation of a multifaceted health programme aiming to improve physical activity levels and dietary patterns among construction workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viester Laura

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The prevalence of both overweight and musculoskeletal disorders (MSD in the construction industry is high. Many interventions in the occupational setting aim at the prevention and reduction of these health problems, but it is still unclear how these programmes should be designed. To determine the effectiveness of interventions on these health outcomes randomised controlled trials (RCTs are needed. The aim of this study is to systematically develop a tailored intervention for prevention and reduction of overweight and MSD among construction workers and to describe the evaluation study regarding its (cost-effectiveness. Methods/Design The Intervention Mapping (IM protocol was applied to develop and implement a tailored programme aimed at the prevention and reduction of overweight and MSD. The (cost- effectiveness of the intervention programme will be evaluated using an RCT. Furthermore, a process evaluation will be conducted. The research population will consist of blue collar workers of a large construction company in the Netherlands. Intervention The intervention programme will be aimed at improving (vigorous physical activity levels and healthy dietary behaviour and will consist of tailored information, face-to-face and telephone counselling, training instruction (a fitness "card" to be used for exercises, and materials designed for the intervention (overview of the company health promoting facilities, waist circumference measuring tape, pedometer, BMI card, calorie guide, recipes, and knowledge test. Main study parameters/endpoints The intervention effect on body weight and waist circumference (primary outcome measures, as well as on lifestyle behaviour, MSD, fitness, CVD risk indicators, and work-related outcomes (i.e. productivity, sick leave (secondary outcome measures will be assessed. Discussion The development of the VIP in construction intervention led to a health programme tailored to the needs of construction

  3. Evaluation of base material and welded joints designated for membrane wall components made from low-alloy steels in large boilermaker conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dobrzanski, Janusz; Zielinski, Adam [Institute for Ferrous Metallurgy, Gliwice (Poland); Pasternak, Jerzy [Boiler Engineering Company RAFAKO S.A., Raciborz (Poland)

    2010-07-01

    Supercritical operating parameters of lower emission power units require novel creep resisting steels. Therefore, this paper constains selected information, results of collectors made from the new low-alloy bainitic creep-resistant steels as 7CrWVNb9-6(P23) and 7CrMoVTiB10-10(P24) performed in large boilermaker conditions. The research and implementation process includes: - evaluation, comparison of requested properties of base material and welded joints as tensile strength, impact strength and technological properties, - destructive examinations with evaluation of welded joints and HAZ structure and hardness distribution, - evaluation of creep resistance properties and structure stability after heat treatments and again process of base material, HAZ and welded joints, - influence of manufacturing process in large boilermaker conditions and after simulated operation. A new creep-resistant steels to be used, in order to comply with the operational requirements, as to assure the appropriate reliability and safety of the boiler equipment in operation process. (orig.)

  4. Hyper-mobile migrant workers and Dutch trade union representation strategies at the Eemshaven construction sites

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Berntsen; N. Lillie

    2014-01-01

    The EU regulatory regime and employers’ cross-border recruitment practices complicate unions’ ability to represent increasingly diverse and transnationally mobile workers. Even in institutional contexts where the industrial relations structure and labour law are favourable, such as the Netherlands,

  5. Constructions of accountability in child protection workers decision-making processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schrøder, Ida Marie

    2014-01-01

    in the Danish School of Social Work. The preliminary findings suggest that public and managerial accountability have a tendency to be enacted as integrated, and not in contrast to, professional accountability, when the child protection workers are involved in the process of developing management accounting......In order to meet public and political demands on more transparent and efficient public spending the Danish local governments have, as in many other European countries, implemented strict budget constraints and decision control. Within child protection work the aim has been to strengthen managerial...... accountability in the hopes that child protection workers would be motivated to take into account budget constraints, and public economy in general, when deciding on social interventions. Inspired by the sociological practice-oriented accounting literature, this paper explores child protection workers...

  6. Construction Strategies of Social Security System for Wan-jiang Urban Belt’s Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Theoretical debate and practice exploration on social security of migrant workers were introduced.The political direction and security layer on social security for migrant workers in Wan-jiang urban belt were analyzed:the first layer is to implement wage payment guarantee and employment injury insurance;the second layer is to emphasize serious disease insurance and endowment insurance;the third layer is unemployed insurance and social assistance.The primary strategy of building a social security system for migrant workers in Wan-jiang urban belt was put up:wage payment guarantee system that is united in certain regions should be promoted;employment injury insurance system that is undertaken by enterprises should be built;a social health care system for serious diseases should be set up;multi-layers endowment insurance system for migrant workers should be created;vocational training and training in how to start a business should be built as well as the unemployment insurance system;social assistant system based on the basic cost of living allowances should be set up.

  7. How personal resources predict work engagement and self-rated performance among construction workers: a social cognitive perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorente, Laura; Salanova, Marisa; Martínez, Isabel M; Vera, María

    2014-06-01

    Traditionally, research focussing on psychosocial factors in the construction industry has focused mainly on the negative aspects of health and on results such as occupational accidents. This study, however, focuses on the specific relationships among the different positive psychosocial factors shared by construction workers that could be responsible for occupational well-being and outcomes such as performance. The main objective of this study was to test whether personal resources predict self-rated job performance through job resources and work engagement. Following the predictions of Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory and the motivational process of the Job Demands-Resources Model, we expect that the relationship between personal resources and performance will be fully mediated by job resources and work engagement. The sample consists of 228 construction workers. Structural equation modelling supports the research model. Personal resources (i.e. self-efficacy, mental and emotional competences) play a predicting role in the perception of job resources (i.e. job control and supervisor social support), which in turn leads to work engagement and self-rated performance. This study emphasises the crucial role that personal resources play in determining how people perceive job resources by determining the levels of work engagement and, hence, their self-rated job performance. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. PMID:24821509

  8. How personal resources predict work engagement and self-rated performance among construction workers: a social cognitive perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorente, Laura; Salanova, Marisa; Martínez, Isabel M; Vera, María

    2014-06-01

    Traditionally, research focussing on psychosocial factors in the construction industry has focused mainly on the negative aspects of health and on results such as occupational accidents. This study, however, focuses on the specific relationships among the different positive psychosocial factors shared by construction workers that could be responsible for occupational well-being and outcomes such as performance. The main objective of this study was to test whether personal resources predict self-rated job performance through job resources and work engagement. Following the predictions of Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory and the motivational process of the Job Demands-Resources Model, we expect that the relationship between personal resources and performance will be fully mediated by job resources and work engagement. The sample consists of 228 construction workers. Structural equation modelling supports the research model. Personal resources (i.e. self-efficacy, mental and emotional competences) play a predicting role in the perception of job resources (i.e. job control and supervisor social support), which in turn leads to work engagement and self-rated performance. This study emphasises the crucial role that personal resources play in determining how people perceive job resources by determining the levels of work engagement and, hence, their self-rated job performance. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

  9. The relationship between macroeconomic and industry-specific business cycle indicators and workrelated injuries among Danish construction workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kent Jacob; Lander, F.; Lauritsen, J. M.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The current study examines and compares the relationship between both macroeconomic and industry-specific business cycle indicators, and work-related injuries among construction workers in Denmark using emergency department (ED) injury data and also officially reported injuries...... to the Danish Working Environment Authority (WEA). Methods The correlations between ED and WEA injury data from the catchment area of Odense University Hospital during the period 1984–2010 were tested separately for variability and trend with two general macroeconomic indicators (gross domestic product...

  10. Effect of individualized worksite exercise training on aerobic capacity and muscle strength among construction workers - a randomized controlled intervention study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gram, Bibi; Holtermann, Andreas; Søgaard, Karen;

    2012-01-01

    tailored exercise programs on their physical fitness and muscular capacity. METHOD: The study was a randomized controlled trial of male constructions workers allocated to either an exercise or control group. The intervention lasted 12 weeks, and the exercise group trained 3 x 20 minutes a week......) of 28.3 (SD 4.7). Compared to representative data on employees in Denmark (N=78), this study population (N=67) had significantly lower relative aerobic capacity [difference in z-score -1.13 (SE 0.1), P...

  11. Chest x ray films from construction workers: International Labour Office (ILO 1980) classification compared with routine readings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albin, M; Engholm, G; Fröström, K; Kheddache, S; Larsson, S; Swantesson, L

    1992-12-01

    The extent of agreement between International Labour Office (ILO) and clinical readings of chest x ray films from construction workers was studied. From a survey of 5898 workers 258 subjects with a profusion of small opacities of > or = 1/1 and a stratified sample of subjects with profusion ILO profusion category > or = 1/1 were clinically recorded as non-normal for the parenchyma. The proportion of films recorded as pneumoconiotic (or possibly so) was especially low for irregular opacities (22%), but increased with the profusion category (both rounded and irregular) as well as with the size of rounded opacities (p 3/11, q 12/25, r 3/4). Only with the profusion category > or = 2/1 were most of the films recorded as pneumoconiotic. The specificity and sensitivity were highest in the geographical areas where a few clinical readers had assessed many films each. The proportion of false negative clinical reports was low for circumscribed pleural thickening of the chest wall (9%) and diaphragmatic pleural thickening (6%). For calcified pleural changes and for the combination of diffuse pleural thickening and obliteration of the costophrenic angle, false negative reports were absent. The present study shows an unsatisfactory sensitivity for clinical compared with ILO readings as a means for screening the parenchyma of workers with a risk of pneumoconiosis.

  12. High-altitude gastrointestinal bleeding: An observation in Qinghai-Tibetan railroad construction workers on Mountain Tanggula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian-Yi Wu; Shou-Quan Ding; Jin-Liang Liu; Jian-Hou Jia; Rui-Chen Dai; Dong-Chun Zhu; Bao-Zhu Liang; De-Tang Qi; Yong-Fu Sun

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in people from lowland to high altitude and in workers on Mountain Tanggula and its causes as well as treatment and prophylaxis.METHODS: From 2001 to October 2003, we studied GIB in 13 502 workers constructing the railroad on Mountain Tanggula which is 4905 m above the sea level. The incidence of GIB in workers at different altitudes was recorded. Endoscopy was performed when the workersevacuated to Golmud (2808 m) and Xining (2261 m).The available data on altitude GIB were analyzed.RESULTS: The overall incidence of GIB was 0.49% in 13502 workers. The incidence increased with increasing altitude. The onset of symptoms in most patients was within three weeks after arrival at high altitude. Bleeding manifested as hematemesis, melaena or hematochezia,and might be occult. Endoscopic examination showed that the causes of altitude GIB included hemorrhage gastritis, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, and gastric erosion. Experimental studies suggested that acute gastric mucosal lesion (AGML) could be induced by hypoxic and cold stress, which might be the pathogenesis of altitude GIB. Those who consumed large amount of alcohol, aspirin or dexamethasone were at a higher risk of developing GIB. Persons who previously suffered from peptic ulcer or high-altitude polycythemia were also at risk of developing GIB. Early diagnosis, evacuation, and treatment led to early recovery.CONCLUSION: GIB is a potentially life threatening disease, if it is not treated promptly and effectively. Early diagnosis, treatment and evacuation lead to an early recovery. Death due to altitude GIB can be avoided if early symptoms and signs are recognized.

  13. The relationship between Chinese construction workers' HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour: a structural equation model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, B; Guo, H Q; Liu, J; Zuo, T M; Zhang, Y; Sun, G

    2009-01-01

    This study explored the relationship between human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in migrant urban construction workers using structural equation modelling (SEM). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 428 male subjects on three building sites in Shenyang City. The SEM model of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour was built using LISREL version 8.5 and it fitted the data well, as shown by an adjusted goodness of fit index of 0.82 and a root mean square error of approximation of 0.094. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS was closely correlated with attitudes and behaviour. Age was an important factor affecting HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour. These findings suggest that increasing HIV/AIDS-related knowledge could improve the attitude and behaviour of migrant urban construction workers, enabling them to avoid high-risk behaviour that increases the spread of HIV/AIDS. Any intervention used will need to take the important factor of age into consideration.

  14. Design of a RCT evaluating the (cost- effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention for male construction workers at risk for cardiovascular disease: The Health under Construction study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van der Beek Allard J

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Of all workers in Dutch construction industry, 20% has an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD. A major risk factor for CVD risk is an unhealthy lifestyle. The aim of our study is to design a lifestyle intervention for construction workers with an elevated CVD risk, and to evaluate its (cost- effectiveness. Methods/Design In a RCT, 692 participants will be randomised to either the control or the intervention group. The control group will receive usual care. For the intervention group, a lifestyle intervention has been designed based on interviews and current literature. The intervention will last 6 months and will comprise 3 face-to-face and 4 telephone contacts, consisting of individual counselling aimed at increasing daily physical activity (PA and improving dietary behaviour, and/or smoking cessation. Counselling will take place at the Occupational Health Service (OHS, and will be done according to motivational interviewing (MI. Additional written information about healthy lifestyle will also be provided to those in the intervention group. At baseline, after 6 and after 12 months, measurements will take place. Primary outcome variables will be the lifestyle behaviours of concern, i.e. daily PA, dietary intake, and smoking status. Secondary outcome variables will be body mass index (BMI, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total and HDL blood cholesterol, Hba1c and cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF. Sickness absenteeism and cost-effectiveness will be assessed as well. Multilevel analysis will be performed to compare all outcome measures between the intervention group and the control group. Discussion By improving lifestyle, CVD risk may be lowered, yielding benefits for both employee and employer. If proven effective, this lifestyle intervention will be implemented on a larger scale within the Occupational Health Services in construction industry. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN60545588

  15. Anakuran: A Proposed Path to Education for Children of Migrant Construction Workers in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, Satarupa Dutta

    2014-01-01

    "If you cannot go to school, the school comes to you." Project Anakuran (the Hindi word for germination) is an innovative design which seeks to provide formal education through Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to the children of migrant construction labourers based at medium and large construction sites in urban locales.…

  16. The incidence of disability pensions and mortality among semi-skilled construction workers in Copenhagen. A retrospective cohort study with two control groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damlund, M; Gøth, S; Hasle, P;

    1982-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to discover whether the incidence of disability pensions and mortality was higher amongst semi-skilled construction workers (SCW) in Copenhagen than in two control groups from the same geographic area. The population investigated consisted of a fixed cohort of 3537...... SCW from Copenhagen as per 1/5/1975. The two control groups comprised 3818 Copenhagen members of the Warehouse Workers' union and a group of Copenhagen members of the Semi-skilled Worker's Union age-matched to the SCW cohort, both as per 1/5/75. Up to 31/12/79, a total of 102 SCW were granted...

  17. 试议战略性的建筑业农民工管理思路%A Proposal on the Strategic Management of Construction Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高笑霜

    2013-01-01

    “民工荒”是人口红利问题在建筑业的突出表现;解决农民工问题的根本和建筑业未来发展的根本都在于实施战略性的农民工管理,其核心是一种面向发展的、实现农民工和建筑业共同发展的管理.%The shortage of migrant workers is the significant performance of the demographic dividend problem in the construction industry, so solutions to the migrant workers problem and the future development of construction industry is the implementation of strategic management, and its core is a kind of management which can implement the development of the migrant workers and the construction industry.

  18. Effectiveness of a Multidimensional Randomized Control Intervention to Reduce Quartz Exposure Among Construction Workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deurssen, E. van; Meijster, T; Oude Hengel, K.M.; Boessen, R.; Spaan, S.; Tielemans, E.; Heederik, D.; Pronk, A.

    2015-01-01

    There is little evidence with respect to the effectiveness of intervention programs that focus on the reduction of occupational quartz exposure in the construction industry. This article evaluates the effectiveness of a multidimensional intervention which was aimed at reducing occupational quartz ex

  19. Enterprise size and risk of hospital treated injuries among manual construction workers in Denmark: a study protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christensen Ulla

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In most countries throughout the world the construction industry continues to account for a disturbingly high proportion of fatal and nonfatal injuries. Research has shown that large enterprises seem to be most actively working for a safe working environment when compared to small and medium-sized enterprises. Also, statistics from Canada, Italy and South Korea suggest that the risk of injury among construction workers decreases with enterprise size, that is the smaller the enterprise the greater the risk of injury. This trend, however, is neither confirmed by the official statistics from Eurostat valid for EU-15 + Norway nor by a separate Danish study - although these findings might have missed a trend due to severe underreporting. In addition, none of the above mentioned studies controlled for the occupational distribution within the enterprises. A part of the declining injury rates observed in Canada, Italy and South Korea therefore might be explained by an increasing proportion of white-collar employees in large enterprises. Objective To investigate the relation between enterprise size and injury rates in the Danish construction industry. Methods/Design All male construction workers in Denmark aged 20-59 years will be followed yearly through national registers from 1999 to 2006 for first hospital treated injury (ICD-10: S00-T98 and linked to data about employment status, occupation and enterprise size. Enterprise size-classes are based on the Danish business pattern where micro (less than 5 employees, small (5-9 employees and medium-sized (10-19 employees enterprises will be compared to large enterprises (at least 20 employees. The analyses will be controlled for age (five-year age groups, calendar year (as categorical variable and occupation. A multi-level Poisson regression will be used where the enterprises will be treated as the subjects while observations within the enterprises will be treated as correlated repeated

  20. On the management of construction workers and countermeasures%浅谈对建筑业农民工的管理现状及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘韶华

    2011-01-01

    A few years ago,the "Labor shortage" was appeared throughout the whole country.Therefore,by the analysis of the problems in the management of construction workers,summed up that the disorderly rapid flow of migrant workers have brought a great deal of management problems to the community and project management.In brief,the management strategies of construction workers,the system improvement,the training of construction skilled workers,the establishment of a unified labor market,people-oriented is the fundamental premises of solving the problems of migrant workers.%"用工荒"问题几年前就在全国各地蔓延。为此,通过分析建筑业农民工管理存在的问题,总结出农民工无序的快速流动,给工程项目管理带来很大的不稳定性。简而言之,建筑业农民工的管理对策,制度的完善、建筑业技术工的培养、统一劳务市场的建立,以人为本是解决农民工问题的最根本前提。

  1. 关于农民建筑工人继续教育的调查与研究%Survey & Research on Continuing Education to Migrant Construction workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄依依; 沈健

    2014-01-01

    新型城镇化建设的生力军——农民建筑工,文化程度低,接受继续教育少,本身学习意识不强,政府和学校支持力度小。这与新型城镇化建设对人才的要求存在很大距离,也给农民工的市民化带来难度。因此,需要政府、学校、社会及企业高度重视和共同参与,以提高农民建筑工的继续教育参与度,提升农民工的转化速度与质量。文章在调研农民建筑工学习需求的基础上,提出几点改革的对策。%The new urbanization force, migrant construction workers, is in low level of education, and does not have many chances to receive continuing education. These workers do not have a strong sense of learning, and do not receive many supports from government and school either. It is far from the requirements for talents in the new urbanization construction, and it also brings difficulties in turning migrant workers to townspeople. Therefore, governments, schools, societies and enterprises should participate urgently and jointly in improving the engagement of the migrant construction workers in continuing education, as well as in upgrading the conversion speed and quality of such workers. At last, the paper raises some countermeasures based on the investigations of the learning requirements of the migrant construction workers.

  2. Does an Exercise Intervention Improving Aerobic Capacity Among Construction Workers Also Improve Musculoskeletal Pain, Work Ability, Productivity, Perceived Physical Exertion, and Sick Leave? A Randomized Controlled Trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gram, Bibi; Holtermann, Andreas; Bultmann, Ute; Sjogaard, Gisela; Sogaard, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate whether an exercise intervention shown to increase aerobic capacity, would also lead to less musculoskeletal pain; improved work ability, productivity, and perceived physical exertion; and less sick leave. Methods: Sixty-seven construction workers were randomized into an ex

  3. Reliability and validity testing of the SF-36 questionnaire for the evaluation of the quality of life of Chinese urban construction workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, B; Guo, H Q; Liu, J; Zhang, Y; Sun, G

    2009-01-01

    The quality of life (QOL) of the Chinese 'floating' migrant population is of growing concern. Urban construction workers are the main migrant population in China, but there is little published research on their QOL. The reliability and validity of the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire were assessed by conducting a population-based study of migrant construction workers in Shenyang, China. Two construction sites were randomly selected from each of the five districts of Shenyang City and 1200 copies of the questionnaire were distributed to rurally-registered, non-Shenyang workers aged > or = 16 years at these sites. A total of 1125 questionnaires were evaluated. The overall Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the SF-36 questionnaire was 0.821 while the respective Cronbach's alpha coefficient for each dimension was > 0.70. Results showed that the SF-36 questionnaire demonstrated good reliability and validity, and that it can be used to measure QOL among Chinese migrant urban construction workers.

  4. Respiratory Cancer and Non-Malignant Respiratory Disease-Related Mortality among Older Construction Workers-Findings from the Health and Retirement Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xuanwen; Dong, Xiuwen Sue; Welch, Laura; Largay, Julie

    2016-01-01

    Objective This study explored the risk of respiratory cancer and non-malignant respiratory disease (NMRD)-related mortality among older construction workers. Methods Analyzed data from the 1992–2010 RAND Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the HRS National Death Index – Cause of Death file. About 25,183 workers aged 50 years and older were examined, including 5,447 decedents and 19,736 survivors, of which 1,460 reported their longest job was in construction. Multinomial logistic regression assessed the differences in mortality between workers’ longest occupations, controlling for confounders. Results After adjusting for smoking and demographics, construction workers were almost twice as likely to die from respiratory cancer (OR = 1.65; CI: 1.10–2.47) or NMRD (OR = 1.73; CI: 1.16–2.58) compared to white-collar workers. Conclusions This study adds to the growing evidence that respiratory cancer and NMRD are frequently associated with construction exposure.

  5. Are demographics, work and health associated with the ability and motivation to continue working until the age of 65 in construction workers?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oude Hengel, K.; Blatter, B.; Geuskens, G.; Koppes, L.; Bongers, P.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: Because of the ageing and decreasing working population in the construction industry, it is important to encourage workers to prolong their working life. The objective of this study was to explore factors associated with the ability and motivation to continue working until the age of 65

  6. Discussion on Humane Care of Construction enterprises to Migrant Workers%谈施工企业对农民工的人文关怀

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云波

    2012-01-01

    由于经济收入、工作环境、传统观念、企业关注不够等原因造成施工企业的农民工精神文化生活较为匮乏,不利于农民工身心的健康,不利于企业的稳定发展,不利于社会的和谐。施工企业应充分关注农民工的精神文化生活,采取因地制宜、切实可行的措施,给予农民工充分的人文关怀。%Spiritual and cultural life of migrant workers is deficient because of economic income,work environment,traditional beliefs,insufficient attention and other causes in construction enterprises.This situation is not conducive to physical and mental health of migrant workers,the stable development of enterprises and social harmony.Construction companies should give full attention to the cultural life of migrant workers.According to local conditions,construction enterprises should take practical measures to give full humane care to migrant workers.

  7. 如何提高劳务施工人员的安全意识%How to Improve the Safety Awareness of Construction Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      为切实提高施工人员以及农民工的安全意识,本文根据引起安全事故的原因提出了相对应的策略,希望为广大工程管理人员提供参考。%In order to effectively improve the safety awarene-ss of construction workers and migrant workers, this article ba-ses on the causes of safety accidents to put forward the corre-sponding strategies and hope to provide reference for the majo-rity of project managers.

  8. Construction Practice and Reflect on Beijing Community Workers%北京社区工作者队伍建设实践和思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘承水; 史兵; 刘玲玲

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of explaining the connotation of the community workers, this paper analyzes the current situation of community worker team construction in Beijing and puts forward the main problems of community worker team construction in Beijing, illustrated respectively in four aspects of the overall quality, advancing degree of community work, wages and workload. According to results, the paper points out the approaches to solve relative problems about the construction of Beijing community worker team, which should strengthen training to community workers, straighten out the relationship between government and community organizations, enhance incentive mechanism, make strict appraisal system and position community work duties reasonably, in order to improve the workers’ enthusiasm and stability towards work.%在解析社区工作者内涵的基础上,本文分析了北京社区工作者队伍建设现状,提出了北京社区工作者队伍建设存在的主要问题,分别从整体素质、社区工作推进程度、工资待遇、工作负荷四方面展开阐述,在此基础上,从加强对社区工作者的教育培训、理顺政府与社区组织的关系、增强激励机制、严格考核制度、合理定位社区工作内容等方面提出解决北京社区工作者队伍建设的对策,以提高社区工作者工作积极性与稳定性。

  9. The effects of mechanised equipment on physical load among road workers and floor layers in the construction industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burdorf, A.; Windhorst, J.; Beek, A.J. van der; Molen, H. van der; Swuste, P.H.J.J.

    2007-01-01

    This study describes the impact of the use of mechanised equipment on physical load and workers' health among road workers and floor layers by comparing the traditional manual work method with frequently occurring scenarios of use of this new equipment. Continuous direct measurements of postures wer

  10. 对建筑产业工人队伍重建与管理的思考%Thinking about Reestablishing and Control of Construction Worker Team

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李里丁

    2012-01-01

    The exciting problem of labor subcontract and worker team directly affects the development of construction industry. So, from view of management of labor subcontract, the paper studies the reestablishing and control of construction worker team, and makes relevant suggestions.%建筑施工劳务分包及作业队伍当前存在的问题直接影响到行业的发展。从建筑业发展出发,从建筑劳务分包管理等视角,对建筑产业工人队伍重建与管理进行思考,并提出相关建议。

  11. Does an Exercise Intervention Improving Aerobic Capacity Among Construction Workers Also Improve Musculoskeletal Pain, Work Ability, Productivity, Perceived Physical Exertion, and Sick Leave?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gram, Bibi; Holtermann, Andreas; Bültmann, Ute;

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:: To investigate whether an exercise intervention shown to increase aerobic capacity, would also lead to less musculoskeletal pain; improved work ability, productivity, and perceived physical exertion; and less sick leave. METHODS:: Sixty-seven construction workers were randomized...... with the intervention. Questionnaires and text messages provided similar results of pain and work ability. CONCLUSIONS:: Although the intervention improved aerobic capacity, it was not successful in improving musculoskeletal pain and other work-related factors. A detectable improvement presumably requires a more...

  12. Evaluation of primary DNA damage, cytogenetic biomarkers and genetic polymorphisms for CYP1A1 and GSTM1 in road tunnel construction workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarini, M; Moretti, M; Fatigoni, C; Agea, E; Dominici, L; Mattioli, A; Volpi, R; Pasquini, R

    2008-01-01

    In tunnel construction workers, occupational exposure to dust (alpha-quartz and other particles from blasting), gases (nitrogen dioxide, NO(2)), diesel exhausts, and oil mist has been associated with lung function decline, induction of inflammatory reactions in the lungs with release of mediators that may influence blood coagulation, and increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The present molecular epidemiology study was designed to evaluate whether occupational exposure to indoor pollutants during road tunnel construction might result in genotoxic effects. A study group of 39 underground workers and a reference group of 34 unexposed subjects were examined. Primary and oxidative DNA damage, sister-chromatid exchanges (SCE), and micronuclei (MN) were measured in peripheral blood cells. The possible influences of polymorphisms in gene encoding for CYP1A1 and GSTM1 xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes were also investigated. Exposure assessment was performed with detailed interviews and questionnaires. There were no significant differences in the level of primary and oxidative DNA damage and frequency of SCE between the tunnel workers and controls, whereas the frequency of MN showed a significant increase in exposed subjects compared to controls. No effects of CYP1A1 or GSTM1 variants were observed for the analyzed biomarkers. Since MN in peripheral blood lymphocytes are recognized as a predictive biomarker of cancer risk within a population of healthy subjects, the genotoxic risk of occupational exposure to various indoor environmental pollutants during road tunnel construction cannot be excluded by this biomonitoring study. PMID:18800292

  13. Las competencias profesionales del obrero de la construcción / Professional competences in the training of construction workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guzmán, Riselda

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad, la ejecución de trabajos de construcción y conservación de obras civiles y de edificaciones, ha generado nuevas necesidades sociales en nuestro país, y en consecuencia, han limitado el desempeño profesional de los profesionales técnicos, para operar en la ejecución y desarrollo de los procesos tecnológicos de la construcción. En tal sentido el artículo que se presenta tiene como objetivo determinar las competencias profesionales técnicas para la formación del profesional técnico, específicamente del obrero calificado en Albañilería, de forma tal que responda a su desempeño profesional. Se presentan los referentes teóricos a partir del empleo de un enfoque de sistema que supone el análisis y la síntesis, la inducción y la deducción como métodos de investigación, con el propósito de dar conocer la evolución de las competencias en la formación de los profesionales técnicos de la Educación Técnica y Profesional (ETP en Cuba y en el mundo. La modelación fue empleada para la construcción de un nuevo proyecto de desarrollo de competencias profesionales técnicas desde la perspectiva de la formación profesional en la ETP ajustada a las necesidades de este subsistema de educación en Cuba. Con la aplicación de un pre-experimento en el Instituto Politécnico de la Construcción “Armando Mestre Martínez”, se evaluó el desempeño profesional técnico de los obreros calificados durante sus prácticas pre profesionales, como manifestación de las competencias profesionales técnicas. Nowadays, building and preserving constructions have been generating new social needs and demands on the performance of technicians for dealing with technological processes. This article is aimed at describing the technical professional competencies of construction workers. A framework is constructed by means of a system approach and research methods such as analysis-synthesis and induction-deduction applied to the

  14. Perfil laboral de los trabajadores del campo en el Estado de Florida, USA A Constructed Profile of Farm Workers in Florida State, USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Correa García

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo trata sobre la construcción de un perfil de los trabajadores del campo que vienen trabajando en el Estado de la Florida en Estados Unidos, en el se plasman algunas observaciones y mediciones básicas en función de sus particularidades económicas y demográficas, así mismo, se ilustra el como se estructuran las trayectorias laborales de estos trabajadores al momento de laborar en un país extranjero.The following article is a constructed profile of Farm Workers who come to work in the State of Florida in the United States. This article presents some basic observations and measurements concerning their economic and demographic characteristics. Furthermore, it illustrates how these workers are structuring their labor trajectory when they work in a foreign country.

  15. 基于TPI系统的农民工研究专题数据库的建设%Construction of Migrant Worker Database based on TPI System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    印伟

    2011-01-01

    With the example of the construction of thematic database of migrant worker, this paper mainly discusses the importanee and critical process of the construction of thematic database by using TPI system. It supplies experience and reference for other universities on how to construct thematic database.%结合本校农民工研究专题数据库建设的实例,重点论述了利用清华同方TPI系统建设农民工研究专题数据库的意义和具体建库过程中的重要步骤,为各高校在建设具有本校特色的专题数据库提供经验参考。

  16. 扬州地区建筑农民工现状调查与分析%Investigation and Analysis on Present Situation of Construction Peasant Workers in Yangzhou Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴书安; 高云; 闫志刚

    2012-01-01

    建筑农民工是建筑业生产一线的主力军,其生活和工作状况是社会普遍关注的问题。基于对扬州地区建筑农民工的问卷调查与统计的数据,阐述并分析建筑农民工的自然状况、收入状况、生活状况、劳动保障状况,揭示建筑农民工中存在的主要问题,为政府规范建筑农民工的管理提供决策依据。%Construction peasant workers mainly consist of migrant workers who are the main force in the construction industry. Their living and working status is the general concern by the society. Based on the questionnaire survey and data collected about construction peasant workers in Yangzhou area, this paper illustrates and analyzes the following aspects such as the construction peasant workers' natural situation, income level, living condition and labor security. Moreover, it reveals the main problems existing in construction peasant workers, thus providing decision-making basis for the government' s specifying the management of construction peasant workers.

  17. Short and long term effects of a lifestyle intervention for construction workers at risk for cardiovascular disease: a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Groeneveld Iris F

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The prevalence of overweight and elevated cardiovascular disease (CVD risk among workers in the construction industry is relatively high. Improving lifestyle lowers CVD risk and may have work-related benefits. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects on physical activity (PA, diet, and smoking of a lifestyle intervention consisting of individual counseling among male workers in the construction industry with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD. Methods In a randomized controlled trial including 816 male blue- and white-collar workers in the construction industry with an elevated risk of CVD, usual care was compared to a 6-month lifestyle intervention. The intervention consisted of individual counseling using motivational interviewing techniques, and was delivered by an occupational physician or occupational nurse. In three face to face and four telephone contacts, the participant's risk profile, personal determinants, and barriers for behavior change were discussed, and personal goals were set. Participants chose to aim at either diet and PA, or smoking. Data were collected at baseline and after six and 12 months, by means of a questionnaire. To analyse the data, linear and logistic regression analyses were performed. Results The intervention had a statistically significant beneficial effect on snack intake (β-1.9, 95%CI -3.7; -0.02 and fruit intake (β 1.7, 95%CI 0.6; 2.9 at 6 months. The effect on snack intake was sustained until 12 months; 6 months after the intervention had ended (β -1.9, 95%CI -3.6; -0.2. The intervention effects on leisure time PA and metabolic equivalent-minutes were not statistically significant. The beneficial effect on smoking was statistically significant at 6 (OR smoking 0.3, 95%CI 0.1;0.7, but not at 12 months (OR 0.8, 95%CI 0.4; 1.6. Conclusions Beneficial effects on smoking, fruit, and snack intake can be achieved by an individual-based lifestyle intervention among

  18. Research on the Team Construction of Community Workers in Beijing%首都社区工作者队伍建设调研分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘承水; 刘玲玲; 王强

    2015-01-01

    Based on the current situation investigation of community workers’team construction in Beijing, this paper focus on the discussion of existing problems among community workers.Many cases are studied respectively such as the overall quality and the actual requirements,the difficulties in work promotion for community workers,as well as their wages and workloads.On this basis,this paper analyzes and concludes the existed problems of community workers for some main reasons,which are discussed in three aspects:the disordered regulation system,the inflexible employment mechanism,and the unreasonable sex ratios.It draws the conclusion that strong support from all walks of life in the society and the government is needed because the work for the Beijing community workers is arduous.%通过对首都社区工作者队伍建设现状进行调研,重点讨论了首都社区工作者队伍现存主要问题,分别从整体素质与实际工作需要、社区工作者工作推进难度、社区工作者工资待遇、社区工作者工作负荷四方面展开详细阐述,在此基础上分析了首都社区工作者队伍存在问题的主要原因,从管理体制不顺、用人机制不灵活和性别比例差异大三方面进行论证,从而得出首都从事社区工作的任务艰巨,需要社会各界的大力支持和市政府的大力扶持。

  19. Association between cough and tobacco smoking exposure among construction workers%建筑工人咳嗽与吸烟暴露关联研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑周丽; 邓慧怡; 李茳; 张志忠; 吴赤蓬

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the effects of tobacco smoking exposure on cough among construction workers.Methods Convenient sampling method was adopted to choose 204 construction workers as the study objects.The relationship of cough and tobacco smoking exposure was investigated.The objects were divided into no-smoking (18 workers) , passive-smoking (66 workers) and active-smoking (120 workers) groups according to different tobacco smoking exposure situation.Results The occurrence of active smoking for 204 construction workers was 58.8%(120/204) and the daily active smoking rate was 51.5%( 105/204 ) .The occurrence of passive smoking for the non-smokers was 78.6% ( 66/84 ) and the daily passive smoking rate was 66.7%(56/84).Among the construction workers, 15.2% (31/204) had occasional cough, and 52.4%(107/204) had frequent cough, total cough occurrence was 67.6%(138/204).The occurrence of occasional cough in active-smoking group was higher than that of the passive-smoking group ( 23.3% vs 1.5%, P <0.01 );the occurrence of frequent cough in passive-smoking group and active-smoking group were higher than that of the no-smoking group (54.5%vs 22.2%, 55.8%vs 22.2%, P<0.017);the total cough occurrence in active-smoking group was higher than those of the no-smoking group and passive-smoking group (79.2%vs 33.3%, 79.2%vs 56.1%, P<0.01).There was an association between tobacco smoking exposure and cough frequency among the construction workers.Active-smokers had higher risks than non-smokers in both occasional cough and frequent cough ( odds ratio were 5.958 and 6.990, P<0.05);the passive smokers had a higher risk of frequent cough than non-smokers (odds ratio was 3.536, P<0.05). Conclusion Tobacco smoking exposure was an important risk factor for coughing among construction workers.Effective approach should be taken into account to control tobacco usage in the construction work site.%目的:了解吸烟暴露对建筑工人咳嗽发生的影响。方法采

  20. Analysis of food habits and the populationcharacteristics among construction workers%建筑工人饮食习惯及人群特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    且亚玲; 汪春梅; 何鸿雁; 刘欣怡; 汤艳

    2016-01-01

    目的:了解建筑工人饮食习惯状况及人群特征分布,为进一步开展建筑工人营养宣教提供科学依据。方法采用立意整群抽样方法抽取泸州市793名建筑工人作为研究对象,对其饮食习惯进行现况调查。结果仅有35.4%的建筑工人饮食习惯情况良好,79.4%的建筑工人膳食以温饱为首,14.3%的建筑工人追求营养均衡,30.1%的建筑工人三餐不规律,偏食、挑食现象少见(18.7%),吃夜宵(39.4%)、油炸食品(54.1%)的现象仍然存在。年龄越大、文化程度越高、营养认知水平越高的建筑工人的饮食习惯得分越高;城镇户口的建筑工人比农村户口的建筑工人的饮食习惯得分高;已婚的建筑工人比未婚、离婚、丧偶的建筑工人的饮食习惯得分高(P<0.05)。结论饮食习惯良好的建筑工人所占比例较低,主要与其年龄、户口所在地、文化程度、婚姻状况及营养认知有关。%Objective To understand food habits condition and distribution of the population characteristics among construction workersand in order to provide scientific evidence for carrying out nutrition promotion and education of them further.Methods Cluster sampling method was applied to investigate food habits condition of 793 construction workers in Luzhou.Results Only 35.41% of construction workers had good food habits.79.43% ate to the full first when choosing their diet,14.31% sought for balanced diet,and 30.11% had irregular diet.Few food preferences and choosy in food was found (only accounted for 18.66%), but there were still eating midnight snack(ac-counted for 39.37%)and eating fried food(accounted for 54.09%).The workers with older age and higher educational level had higher the level of nutrition perception and scores of food habits.And The married workers had higher scores of food habits than that of single, divorced and widowed workers(P<0.05).Conclusions Low proportion of good food habits was found in the

  1. A comparative study of faecal occult blood kits in a colorectal cancer screening program in a cohort of healthy construction workers.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Shuhaibar, M

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been increasing. We evaluated uptake rates and outcomes of faecal immunochemical test (FIT) and Guaiac test (gFOBT) kits as part of a two-step CRC screening. METHODS: A 3-year CRC screening program for a defined population of construction workers was conducted. Those satisfying the inclusion criteria were provided with gFOBT or FIT kits. Individuals testing positive were invited for a colonoscopy. RESULTS: A total of 909 faecal testing kits were distributed. Age range was 53-60 years. Compliance rate was higher for FIT (58.3%) as compared to gFOBT (46.7%) (p = 0.0006). FIT detected adenomatous polyps and CRC in 37.5 and 25%, respectively, whereas; gFOBT detected 23.5 and 18%. Colonoscopies were normal in 53 and 25% tested positive by gFOBT and FIT, respectively (p = 0.016). CONCLUSION: The FIT was more cost-effective when compared with gFOBT with higher return rate, sensitivity and specificity. A comparative study of faecal occult blood kits in a CRC screening program in a healthy cohort of construction workers.

  2. 建筑工人艾滋病相关行为及HIV感染状况调查%AIDS- related Behaviors and HIV Infection Status Among Construction Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何波; 农丽萍; 张建明; 黄祖斌; 钟海东

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore AIDS - related behaviors and HIV infection status among construction workers in Pingxiang city for effective interventions on high risk behavior. Methods A cluster sampling method was adopted and 405 workers from 9 construction sites in Pingxiang city were selected from January to March 2011. Sexual behaviors including marriage sex, commercial sex and non - marriage/commercial casually sex were analyzed as well as HIV/AIDS related knowledge awareness, drug using and HIV, Syphilis and HCV test results in laboratory. Result A total of 405 construction workers were selected and investigated, with the HIV infection rate of 0. 49% , syphilis infection rate of 3. 95% , and HCV infection rate of 0. 99%. The awareness rate of AIDS -related knowledge (who could answer more than 6 items) was 72. 28% among the workers. The percentage of having sex with regular partners within the past year was 93.24% , and the rate of using condom each time was only 8. 69%. The rate of having non - marriage/commercial casual sex was 5. 68% in the past year. And 13. 39% of investiged male construction workers had had commercial sex in the past year with the rate of 62. 22% using condom each time. Also the rate was 0. 74% of drug using. Single factor analysis shows that the rate of commercial sex behavior is related to both education level and the AIDS - related knowledge awareness among the male construction workers ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion There was synergistic effect of multiple high risks related to HIV among construction workers in Pingxiang. Those construction workers were becoming the high risk and bridge group of AIDS infection and transmission. Effective interventions on high risk behavior should be carried out for HIV/AIDS prevention and control.%目的 了解凭祥市建筑工人艾滋病(AIDS)相关行为与艾滋病病毒( HIV)感染状况,以便采取有针对性的高危行为干预措施.方法 于2011 - 01/03,采用整群抽样方法抽取凭祥市9

  3. Structural relations between coping strategies and Burnout syndrome on health workers: A study of external and construct validity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Austria Corrales

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to validate hypothesized structural and functional relationships between coping strategies and factors associated with burnout syndrome in independent samples of health workers from different hospitals and hospital care settings. We applied the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the scale of Coping with Extreme Risks adapted to the Mexican population, we analyzed the responses of 354 health workers in a tertiary hospital and 300 from a reference hospital. The samples were intentional, non-probability, quota. The group was formed by nurses, paramedics, diagnostics services, physicians and resident physicians. Results confirmed the factor structure of the instruments in the twosamples and showed that the use of active coping strategies (control, information seeking, social support, among others has protective effects on the factors associated withthe syndrome (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal fulfillment at work, regardless of the sample, context and type of hospital care. We discuss the results andtheir implications in relation to external validity and findings in other related research.

  4. 建筑工人流动性影响因子分析研究%Analysis and Research on the Liquidity Impact Factors of Construction Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鹏; 杨高升; 李长春; 张光宇

    2015-01-01

    为了有效降低建筑业的安全事故发生率,需要从改善建筑工人的高流动性入手,分析建筑工人流动性产生的关键影响因素。基于行为心理学理论,将建筑工人流动行为的产生分为三个阶段,分别分析各个阶段的影响因素,并结合前人的研究提取出12个影响因子;通过现场调研获得数据,采用决策试验和评价实验室( DE-MATEL)方法计算各个因子的原因度、中心度和影响度,得到影响因子间的综合影响矩阵,由此分析出工作收入、自身规划、生存压力和领导对流动性的态度对建筑工人的流动性影响最为重要,此外政府监管通过影响领导对流动性的态度和现场管理对流动性产生有较大的间接影响。结果表明:工作收入对建筑工人的流动性影响最大,领导对流动性的态度对劳务企业的流动性状况有较大影响。%In order to reduce the incidence of accidents in the construction industry, the high mobility of the workers need to be improved, the key factors of liquidity generated by construction workers must be analyzed. Based on behavioral psychology, the produce of construction workers flow behavior can be divided into three stages. This paper analyzed the influence factors of each stage respectively, combined with previous studies identify 12 influencing factors, and data were obtained through the field research decision-making and evaluation laboratory test method ( DEMATEL ) to obtain the combined effect of the matrix between the impact factor thus draw income from work, their planning, the pressure to survive, liquidity attitude of leaders towards mobility of construction workers is most important. In addition, the government’ s regulation through the influence of leadership on liquidity attitude site management has indirect impact on the liquidity. The results show that: the impact of income from work is a major factor leading to the attitude of

  5. Enhancing Labor Union's Role in Workers' Professional Ethics Construction%浅谈发挥工会组织作用加强职工的职业道德建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李正军

    2014-01-01

    加强职工的职业道德建设具有十分重要的意义,本文指出了在加强职工的职业道德建设中,工会组织要重点做好的几项工作。%To strengthen the construction of the worker's professional ethics is of great significance. This article points out what the labor union should do to strengthen the professional ethics construction of the workers.

  6. A Study of the Social Construction of Work-Related Accidents “A Case study: workers of the coal mines of Koohbanan in Kerman and Tabas”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Movahed Majd

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In safety sciences, accidents are unintended and non-scheduled events happening as one or more consecutive incidents as a result of unsafe acts or unsafe conditions, or both. Despite growing improvements in safety sciences in recent decades, the concept of accident, as a non-social phenomenon, is defined as neutral and meaningless, which occurs in an unintended and non-scheduled way through workers or machines. A significant amount of the research carried out in this field, following the tradition of epidemiology and behavioral psychology and by reducing the problem of safety and work health to a technical issue, emphasizes the role of individuals’ risk factors and human error in the occurrence of accidents. These studies neglect social, economic, cultural and institutional contexts in the analysis of accidents and take no advantage of interdisciplinary findings, as a result of which such reports only provide a list of risk factors and the statistical distribution of events in terms of quantitative and demographic variables; thus, they disregard the process of the social construction of accidents and the problematic nature of the concept of accidents. Therefore, the present study intends to expose the limitations of safety sciences and its conventional technical approaches in the unilateral and one-dimensional explanation of work-related accidents. For this purpose, in this research, qualitative methodology has been used as the dominant methodology, and critical ethnography has been utilized for the research process, and also thematic analysis has been employed for data analysis. The findings of the study include seven main categories which are shown in the form of the social construction cycle of accidents. Finally, the results show that work-related accidents are mainly due to the conditions governing the organization, unequal power relations and workers’ experiences of work environment than carelessness and the individual and

  7. Who are more at risk for acute mountain sickness: a prospective study in Qinghai-Tibet railroad construction workers on Mt.Tanggula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Tian-yi; DING Shou-quan; LIU Jin-liang; JIA Jian-hou; CHAI Zuo-chun; DAI Rui-chen

    2012-01-01

    Background It is important to determine the incidence of acute mountain sickness (AMS) among workers at altitudes between 3500 m and 5000 m on Mt.Tanggula during the construction of the Qinghai-Tibet railroad.This study explored the risk factors predisposing workers to developing AMS and attempted to develop more effective ways of preventing and treating AMS.Methods A total of 11 182 workers were surveyed by completing twice daily a Lake Louise questionnaire,and a score ≥3 indicated AMS.The contributing risk factors were assessed for at least 2 months for the duration of the study in the years from 2001 to 2003.A risk model was developed by multiple Logistic regression.Standard statistical methods were used to analyze data.Results AMS occurred in 56% of workers working at high altitudes on Mt.Tanggula.The incidence of AMS increased with increasing altitude.Rapid ascent to an altitude above 3500 m,sea-level or lowland newcomers,young people under 25 years of age,heavy physical exertion,obese person,and arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) below 80% were independent AMS risk factors.No significant association was found between AMS and sex or taking Rhodiola.Medical education contributed to an early diagnosis of AMS.Conclusions This study used the Lake Louise scoring system suggesting that it is a well-validated standard for field evaluation of AMS and for making an early diagnosis.These studies have described many variables regarding risk factors for the development of AMS.Risk factors which can be modified should be attended to,and the physicians should carry out check-ups and tests to identify subjects who are more at risk.Prevention consists in continuous gradual ascent,medical education,and prompt descent to avoid progression in patients with serious AMS.It is most important to effectively control the risk factors of AMS.

  8. 建筑业农民工就业与权益维护探析%Analysis of Employment of Migrant Workers and Protection of Rights and Interests of Construction Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周麟

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the status quo the protection of the rights and interests of the employment of migrant workers of construction enterprises, countermeasures and suggestions were put forward to solve the problems of employment of migrant workers and the protection of rights, at the same time, it calls for joint efforts of government, civil society and migrant workers groups, so as to achieve win-win situation of enterprises and migrant workers groups.%  文章针对建筑企业农民工就业和权益保障的现状,提出解决农民工就业与权益维护问题的对策与建议,同时呼吁政府、社会团体和农民工群体共同努力,使企业和农民工群体实现共赢。

  9. 运用目标管理方法创建安全文明施工样板工地%To Create a Model Construction Site Where Workers Construct Safely and Civilly by Objective Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶统兵

    2013-01-01

      文章从岩滩水电站扩建工程目标管理实际出发,对目标管理的实践运用进行系统研究和分析,并将其运用到创建安全文明施工样板工地的管理中。根据创建样板工地的要求,通过参建各方充分参与,将创建安全文明施工样板工地的目标进行分解并提出具体目标值。紧抓目标管理中确定目标、目标分解、实施目标和目标考核4个环节,在管理中不断创新和提高,努力创建安全文明施工样板工地。%Based on the objective management of the expanded project in Yantan hydropower station, the paper studies the objective management and applies it to the creation of a model construction site where workers construct safely and civilly. According to the requirement of the creation of a model construction site, the paper divides the goal and proposes concrete desired value. It is essential to establish a goal and divide, work towards and assess the goal in management.

  10. Analysis of Insufficiency of Construction Migrant Workers' Training and Its Solution Paths%建筑业农民工培训不足问题及其解决路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春林

    2011-01-01

    建筑业农民工为我国建筑业的发展作出了巨大贡献,但从整体上来看,建筑业农民工文化水平较低,职业技能匮乏.建筑业农民工培训严重不足.部分农民工重视程度不够,一些用工单位的短视,少数主管部门政策落实不到位,培训师资及培训内容欠缺,以及培训经费不足,都是建筑业农民工培训不足的原因.应该从这些方面提高农民工的职业技能.%The construction migrant workers have made great contributions to the construction industry in China.But from the whole point of view, migrant construction workers' cultural level is low, and they lack of vocational skills. Some migrant workers' not attaching importance to the training. some labor units' nearsightedness, a small number of Sovemment departments' absence, lacking of training teachers and shortcomings of training contents, and lacking of training funds, may be the reasons of insufficiency of construction migrant workers training. We should solve the problems from these aspects.

  11. Survey and Research on the Factors Influencing the Job Burnout of Workers for the Construction Industry%建筑行业人员职业倦怠影响因素的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴穷; 潘烨妍

    2015-01-01

    We randomly selected 159 workers for the construction industry and used job burnout scale to conduct a questionnaire survey on them, in order to explore the characteristics and influ-encing factors of the job burnout of workers for the construction industry. The research result shows that: (1) the level of job burnout of workers for the construction industry is low and their working conditions are positive; (2) the gender difference is sig-nificant in the job burnout of workers for the construction indus-try, with women's job burnout higher than that of men, and wom-en's sense of job achievement lower than that of men;(3) working life significantly influences the job burnout of workers for the construction industry, and more specifically, the longer the work-ing life is and the lower the working position is, the more signifi-cant job burnout is.%本文随机选取建筑行业人员159人,使用职业倦怠量表进行问卷调查,以探讨建筑行业人员职业倦怠的特点及其影响因素。研究结果表明:(1)建筑行业人员职业倦怠水平不高,工作状态良好;(2)建筑行业人员职业倦怠性别差异显著,女性职业倦怠水平高于男性,女性职业成就感低于男性;(3)工作年限对建筑行业人员职业倦怠有显著影响,建筑行业人员工作时间越长,工作职务越低职业倦怠越明显。

  12. 建筑行业人员职业倦怠影响因素的调查研究%Survey and Research on the Factors Influencing the Job Burnout of Workers for the Construction Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴穷; 潘烨妍

    2015-01-01

    本文随机选取建筑行业人员159人,使用职业倦怠量表进行问卷调查,以探讨建筑行业人员职业倦怠的特点及其影响因素。研究结果表明:(1)建筑行业人员职业倦怠水平不高,工作状态良好;(2)建筑行业人员职业倦怠性别差异显著,女性职业倦怠水平高于男性,女性职业成就感低于男性;(3)工作年限对建筑行业人员职业倦怠有显著影响,建筑行业人员工作时间越长,工作职务越低职业倦怠越明显。%We randomly selected 159 workers for the construction industry and used job burnout scale to conduct a questionnaire survey on them, in order to explore the characteristics and influ-encing factors of the job burnout of workers for the construction industry. The research result shows that: (1) the level of job burnout of workers for the construction industry is low and their working conditions are positive; (2) the gender difference is sig-nificant in the job burnout of workers for the construction indus-try, with women's job burnout higher than that of men, and wom-en's sense of job achievement lower than that of men;(3) working life significantly influences the job burnout of workers for the construction industry, and more specifically, the longer the work-ing life is and the lower the working position is, the more signifi-cant job burnout is.

  13. Oral health of building construction workers: an epidemiological approach Saúde bucal de trabalhadores da construção civil: abordagem epidemiológica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilce Emy Tomita

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional study aimed at evaluating the oral health conditions of building construction workers from a city in the mid-west region of São Paulo, Brazil. This study involved 219 male subjects, aged 17 to 72. The definition of a random sample utilized the functional number of each worker as a criterion to the raffle, which took into account all 450 subjects registered in the Working Accidents Prevention Program. The examination of oral health conditions by DMFT index and need of treatment were carried out according to WHO criteria (1997. This paper reports the prevalence of caries according to age, occupation, and educational level. Among the 219 workers examined, the mean DMFT was 16.9. Amongst the younger workers (Este estudo transversal foi delineado para avaliar as condições de saúde bucal de trabalhadores da construção civil em município da região centro-oeste do Estado de São Paulo. Foram examinados 219 indivíduos do sexo masculino, com idades entre 17 e 72 anos. O levantamento das condições bucais foi realizado em processo de amostragem aleatória simples, a partir do total de 450 inscritos na MEGA-SIPAT 2000 (Semana Interna de Prevenção de Acidentes do Trabalho. Foi utilizado o índice CPOD (cárie dentária e necessidade de tratamento odontológico, segundo metodologia proposta pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (1997. Neste estudo, são descritas a prevalência de cárie segundo a idade, ocupação e escolaridade. Entre os 219 trabalhadores examinados, o valor CPOD apurado foi 16,9. Os trabalhadores mais jovens (<25 anos de idade apresentaram média de 21,3 dentes sem necessidade de tratamento, enquanto os mais velhos mostraram necessidades progressivas de tratamento restaurador e reabilitador (p<0,001. Verificou-se índice CPOD de 15,6 para os trabalhadores de áreas administrativas e 21,7 para os mestres-de-obras, sem significância estatística. Houve aumento do índice CPOD segundo a idade, para todos os

  14. Construction of Protection Mechanisms of Interest Demands of Migrant Workers%农民工利益诉求保障机制的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁懿

    2012-01-01

    农民工利益诉求保障机制的构建是社会可持续发展的应有之义,也是加强和创新社会管理工作的重点。在人本法律观指导下完善统一立法,落实政府对农民工利益诉求的各项政策,疏通和拓宽利益表达渠道,司法保证对农民工利益缺失的救济等举措,是保障农民工合法权益的有效途径。%Construction of protection mechanisms of interest demands of migrant workers is not only the proper responsibility for sustainable development of society,but also the focus of work to enhance and innovate the social administration.Under the guidance of the concept of humanistic laws,it is effective way of guaranteeing migrant workers' legal rights and interests to improve and uniform legislation,implement various government's policies on migrant workers' interest demands,dredge and widen the channels for expression of interests,ensure the judicial relief on migrant workers' lack of interests,and so on.

  15. Migrant domestic workers: good workers, poor slaves, new connections

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, B

    2015-01-01

    In public debates support for migrants' rights has generally taken two approaches: the migrant as “Good Worker” or the migrant as “Poor Slave”. This paper will constructively critique these approaches by considering the case of a U.K. campaign demanding a specific visa for migrant domestic workers and how they drew on the Good Worker/Poor Slave. It describes the campaign's initial focus on domestic workers as workers and how this required demanding special rights as migrant workers on the bas...

  16. Analysis on the Work Status of Migrant Workers in Nanning Construction Industry%南宁市建筑行业农民工工作现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐乐乐

    2013-01-01

    The article analyzes the basic situation of migrant workers in all aspects that include the work status, psychological traits, labor remuneration and so on through the actual investigation to migrant workers in Nanning construction industry, in or-der to reveal existing problems in migrant workers social security.%  文章通过对南宁市建筑业农民工的实际调查,分析农民工的工作现状、心理特点及劳动薪酬等各方面的基本情况,揭示农民工社会保障中存在的问题。

  17. “If you are not a man, you should better work on something else”: risk, masculinity and social class among Paraguayan workers in the construction industry of the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Del Aguila Lacoste

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the relationship between the representations of occupational hazard that prevail among Paraguayans workers in the construction industry of the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires and the process of exploitation of their labor force. It begins by considering that the notions of risk emanating from institutions and public health agencies report an “expert knowledge” that contrasts markedly with the representations that workers built through their everyday experience. Furthermore, it is postulated that the discourses and practices that sustain workers about the risks involved in work are linked to broader representations of masculinity and class, resulting in schemes that are functional to the production process. From ethnographic data, we will argue that this situation is a central dimension to explaining the high accident rates and informality that characterize the sector.

  18. Livelihood Projects Construction and the Life-satisfaction of Peasant-workers%民生工程建设与农民工生活满意度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭代彦; 匡远凤

    2014-01-01

    文章利用2012年1月在湖北和湖南两省收集到的数据,实证研究了教育、社保、治安、医疗和基础设施五个方面的民生工程建设对农民工生活满意度的影响。结果表明,晚上外出安全感、农村新型合作医疗报销率和农户距水泥公路的距离对农民工的生活满意度影响显著,表明公共投入应优先向这些领域倾斜;而加入农村新型合作医疗、社保和子女在城市公立学校就读对提升当前农民工的生活满意度作用不明显,迫切需要完善相关制度和采取配套措施。%This article empirically analyzes the effects of the livelihood projects construction ,including education ,social insurance ,public security ,medical treatment and infrastructure ,on the life satisfaction of peasant-workers by employing data collected in Hubei and Hunan provinces in January ,2012 .The results show that the sense of security on being out during night ,the refund rate of the new rural cooperative med-ical care ,and the distance between the peasant household and the nearest cement road have significant effects on life satisfaction of peasant-workers ,implying the public investment should give priority to these fields .However ,the effects of participating in the new rural cooperative medical care ,social insurance , and children studying in the urban public schools are not apparent ,implying the related institutions need to be perfected and further measures need to be taken urgently .

  19. 我国农民工文化建设:供给不足与制度推进%Cultural Construction of Migrant Workers : the Insufficient Supply and System Promotion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张军

    2012-01-01

    In September 2011, the Ministries of Culture, the Human Resources and Social Securities, and the All-China Federation of Trade Unions issued "on further strengthening the work of their cultural" suggestions on worke related to China's migrant workers. It has made arrangements for the cultural construction to further promote farmer workers all over for cultural construction. This paper introduced the idea of as the background, interpreted how to strengthen their cultural construction in theory and practice. On the basis of migrant workers management in recent years in China of the culture construction achieved progress and also faced the problems and defects. Finally, from system promoting the suggestoin are given on aspects of strengthening China's rural migrant workers of the culture construction.%2011年9月,文化部、人力资源和社会保障部、中华全国总工会下发《关于进一步加强农民工文化工作的意见》,对我国农民工文化建设做出了全面部署,也为各地进一步推动农民工文化建设指明了方向。本文以这一意见的出台为背景,首先解读了加强农民工文化建设的理论和实践意义;在此基础上对我国近年来农民工文化建设的进展以及面临的问题和不足进行了分析;最后,从制度推进的角度阐述了加强我国农民工文化建设的一些对策建议。

  20. 构建新生代农民工继续教育体系的路径分析%Analysis and Discussion on Constructing the New Generations of Migrant Workers' Continuation Education System Path

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立尧; 苑林

    2012-01-01

    The new generation migrant workers has become the key component of migrant workers, is play an important role to promote the national economic construction. Their skills level and comprehensive qualities directly affect their economic income, social status and personal development. Start from the historical background of migrant workers, combined with the characteristics of the new generation of migrant workers and the present situation of the continuation education, and then an in-depth analysis and discussion on how to construct the continuation education system is made.%新生代农民工已成为农民工群体的主要构成部分,是推动国家经济建设的重要力量,其技能水平、综合素质的高低直接影响他们的经济收入、社会地位和个人发展.从农民工产生的历史背景出发,结合新生代农民工的特点以及继续教育的现状,对如何构建继续教育体系进行了深入的分析和探讨.

  1. Worker Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, W. F.

    1973-01-01

    The philosophy and workability of the concept of worker participation in management decisions is discussed in the context of British society. It is recommended that four interests be represented in any kind of Workers' Council: management, workers, shareholders, and consumers. (AG)

  2. Study on assessment technology of safety psychology for construction workers by fuzzy mathematics%基于模糊数学的建筑工人安全心理评估技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘浩燃; 陈绍清; 刘光才; 冉光建

    2013-01-01

    In view of assessment on safety psychology of construction workers,it can effectively prevent and reduce construction accidents.Combining with previous results and expert opinion,an evaluation system on safety psychologly construction workers,including 18 indexes,was proposed through the analysis on the characteristics of the construction work and major psychological and physiological activities of the job,the interviews on the workers who serving a construction in site in Chongqing,the survey and results analysis on the questionnaire Ⅰ by software of SPSS V19.0.Delphi was used to calculate the relative weights of the 18 indexes.With the establishment of evaluation criterion based on human intelligence distribution,the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model was established.The safety status of construction worker was figured out according to the principle of the biggest subject.Through the example of calculation with the Questionnaire Ⅱ measured by 18 indexes,this model can objectively evaluate the psychological state of construction worker.This model enables the assessment on the safety psychology of construction workers to achieve a quantitative study and plays a guiding role in construction workers safety psychological evaluation.%对建筑工人安全心理评估,可以有效预防和减少建筑施工事故的发生.通过分析建筑施工工作特征以及作业中主要的心理生理活动,对重庆市某建筑工地的建筑工人访谈,问卷Ⅰ调查及结果SPSS V19.0软件分析,结合前人成果和专家意见,得到由18个指标组成的建筑工人安全心理评估体系.用Delphi法对18个指标的权重赋值,根据人类智力分布等建立评判标准,构建了模糊综合评价数学模型.根据最大隶属度原则,得出安全心理综合评价等级.通过由18个指标形成的问卷Ⅱ实测表明,此模型可以客观评估建筑工人的心理状态,使建筑工人安全心理评估实现了定量化,对建筑

  3. 社会排斥与农民工社会支持体系构建%Study on Social Exclusion and Construction of Social Support System of Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵常兴; 余博

    2014-01-01

    农民工由于受到社会资源、社会文化和社会流动的排斥,社会弱势地位进一步得到强化,向上代际流动受阻,出现阶层固化倾向。要改变这种弱势地位,必须增加农民工在城市的社会资本,以获取更高的社会支持。构建农民工社会支持体系,既要发挥农民工自身的主体作用,还需要政府、非政府组织和社会等多元主体共同努力。%The social status of migrant workers is future weakened because of the exclusion of social resources, social culture and social mobility. Their intergenerational flow is impeded and social hierarchy is increasing consolidated. In order to change the weak position in city, migrant workers must increase the social capital to obtain more social support. Constructing social support system for migrant workers not only needs migrant workers themselves to play a dominant role, but also needs government, non-governmental organizations and society to make efforts together.

  4. 构建农民工社会救助体系的思考%Reflections on the Construction of the Social Assistance System of Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈媛

    2012-01-01

    农民工社会救助体系有明显的缺陷,其主要原因是农民工社会救助体系中立法的空缺、体制的限制、权利意识的淡薄、非政府组织等社会支持系统发展不完善,完善农民工社会救助的制度、落实农民工权利保护的法律依据、加强农民工权利的行政保护力度、重塑农民工权利的司法救助机制、建立专门的农民工社会支持系统等是完善农民工社会救助体系的主要措施。%Social assistance system of migrant workers has obvious defects in our country, mainly due to the legislation vacancies, institutional constraints, weak awareness of their rights, non-governmental organizations and the imperfect development of other socialsupport systems. Adjusting the administrative system of social assistance for migrant workers, improving the legal basis for the protection of the rights of migrant workers, strengthening the protection of the rights of migrant workers, remodeling judicial relief mechanism for the rights of migrant workers, and establishing specialized social support system for migrant workers are major measures to improve the social assistance system of migrant workers.

  5. Status and Management of Migrant Workers in Construction Industry of Poor Mountainous Areas%浅谈贫困山区建筑业农民工的现状与管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成立杰

    2014-01-01

    近年来我国的建筑业发展迅猛,贫困地区的人们为了改善自己的生活状况,提高自己的收入纷纷加入到建筑业农民工的行列,但是由于建筑业农民工人力资源管理体系的不完善,导致他们的合法权益屡屡受到侵犯。本文先分析了贫困地区建筑业农民工的一些现状及存在的问题,提出了一些强化建筑业农民工管理的对策。%In recent years, China's construction industry has a rapid development. To improve their living conditions and increase their income, people in poor areas have joined the ranks of migrant workers of the construction industry. But due to imperfect management system for migrant workers, their legal rights are often violated. This article firstly analyzes the current situation and problems of migrant workers in some poor areas and raises some management strategies.

  6. [Indian workers in Oman].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longuenesse, E

    1985-01-01

    Until recently Oman was a country of emigration, but by 1980 an estimated 200,000 foreign workers were in the country due to the petroleum boom. Almost 1/3 of the estimated 300,000 Indian workers in the Gulf states were in Oman, a country whose colonial heritage was closely tied to that of India and many of whose inhabitants still speak Urdu. The number of work permits granted to Indians working in the private sector in Oman increased from 47,928 in 1976 to 80,787 in 1980. An estimated 110,000 Indians were working in Oman in 1982, the great majority in the construction and public works sector. A few hundred Indian women were employed by the government of Oman, as domestics, or in other capacities. No accurate data is available on the qualifications of Indian workers in Oman, but a 1979 survey suggested a relatively low illiteracy rate among them. 60-75% of Indians in Oman are from the state of Kerala, followed by workers from the Punjab and the southern states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and Bombay. Indian workers are recruited by specialized agencies or by friends or relatives already employed in Oman. Employers in Oman prefer to recruit through agencies because the preselection process minimizes hiring of workers unqualified for their posts. Officially, expenses of transportation, visas, and other needs are shared by the worker and the employer, but the demand for jobs is so strong that the workers are obliged to pay commissions which amount to considerable sums for stable and well paying jobs. Wages in Oman are however 2 to 5 times the level in India. Numerous abuses have been reported in recruitment practices and in failure of employers in Oman to pay the promised wages, but Indian workers have little recourse. At the same level of qualifications, Indians are paid less then non-Omani Arabs, who in turn receive less than Oman nationals. Indians who remain in Oman long enough nevertheless are able to support families at home and to accumulate considerable

  7. The Characteristics of the Party Members among the New-generation Migrant Workers and Innovations in the Construction of Party Organization%新生代农民工党组织建设困境与创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾庆文

    2011-01-01

    新生代农民工日渐成为农民工群体的主导,其党员年龄较轻、受过较高的教育,职业流动性大、行业分布集中,对未来期望较高。党员组织建设缺乏科学的管理,党员教育处于滞后状态,党员作用难以发挥。新生代农民工党员组织建设,要创新基层党组织形式,适应新生代农民工党员流动性大的特点,采取网络化教育管理方式,拓宽新生代农民工党员政治参与渠道。%The new-generation migrant workers have become the dominant group of the migrant workers.The Party members among them are younger,better-educated,and more mobile in vocation,and intensively distributed in industry,and they have a higher level of expectation of their future.However,due to the lack of scientific management to the organizational construction of the Party,the education for the Party members is lagging behind,and their roles are difficult to play.Therefore,to strengthen the organizational construction of Party members among the new-generation migrant workers,it is necessary to innovate in the forms of basic level Party organizations.In accordance to their mobility,networked education and management should be adopted to broaden the channels for Party members among the new-generation migrant workers to participate in politics.

  8. Situation and influencing factors of sexual behaviors among male construction workers in Shanghai, China%上海市男性建筑工人性行为及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任金马; Calazvara L; 方蕙; 潘启超; 许磊; 杨美霞; 汪红卫; 康来仪

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the situation and influencing factors of sexual behaviors among male construction workers in Shanghai and to supply the evidence for implementing AIDS/sexually transmitted disease(STD) prevention and intervention effectively.Methods A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 757 construction workers randomly selected from 18 sites in three districts of Shanghai.The information collected included demography, age at first sexual behavior, premarital and extramarital sexual activity, commercial sex, and sex violence.Meanwhile, the construction workers from six sites were followed up for a half of year in order to observe the change of their high risk sexual behaviors.Results Most of construction workers were young/middle-aged with an average age of 39 ± 10.6 years and with low education.Among them,21.6% had at least 2 sexual partners and 7.3% ever had commercial sexual behavior.Among the married workers,the proportions of premarital and extramarital sexual behavior were 31.2% and 10.1% ,respectively.The influencing factors of high risk sexual behaviors included age ,gender,age at first sexual behavior,marital situation ,and income.The risk of high risk sexual behaviors in the single or separated/divorced widowed workers was twice more higher than those of recently married or remarried.Conclusion Construction workers are the key population for the AIDS/STD prevention and control.%目的 了解上海市男性建筑工人高危性行为情况及其影响因素,为有效开展艾滋病/性病预防干预工作提供依据.方法 选择上海市3个区18个工地的1 757名工人进行面对面问卷调查,并对其中的6个工地进行为期半年的随访,观察工人高危性行为变化情况.结果 建筑工人以中青年居多,平均年龄(39±10.6)岁,文化层次较低,21.6%的人曾有≥2个性伴,7.3%的人有过商业性行为;在已婚者中,31.2%的人有过婚前性行为,有10.1%的人曾有过婚外性行

  9. It Cuts Both Ways: Workers, Management and the Construction of a "Community of Fate" on the Shop Floor in a Mexican Garment Factory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Videla, Nancy Plankey

    2006-01-01

    Most studies of lean production are based on surveys of managers. This article examines the labor process under lean production at a high-end garment factory in Central Mexico through ethnographic research, consisting of nine months of work at the factory, and in-depth interviews with 25 managers and 26 workers. The author found that…

  10. Concentrations of cortisol, testosterone and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) among construction workers with 12-h workdays and extended workweeks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, Anne Helene; Faber, Anne; Persson, Roger;

    2007-01-01

    Working on large scale construction sites have been shown to have severe health consequences in terms of increased risk of hospitalization and disability retirement compared to construction work in general. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether large scale construction work invo...... involving 12-h workdays and extended workweeks leads to insufficient recovery measured as increased catabolic and decreased anabolic metabolism....

  11. 构建和谐城市民工居住环境的途径%The Ways for Constructing Harmonious Living Environment for Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄德俊

    2012-01-01

    The papers analyzed the living conditions of migrant workers in our country, expounded the relations between the living conditions and urbanization, and gave the ways to deal with the matters at last.%基于对我国城市民工居住现状的分析,阐述其与城市化建设的关系,从而进一步提出解决民工居住问题的方法及措施.

  12. 建筑行业农民工收入增长对现代社会关系再构建影响探讨%Study on Influence of Revenue Growth of Peasant Workers in The Construction Industry to Modern Social Relations Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田忠喜

    2013-01-01

    Through the questionnaire survey and field interview, the migrant workers from more than 30 building sites in Jinan, Qingdao, Wei-fang, Zibo, Liaocheng, linyi of Shandong Province were investigated. The basic situation about the migrant workers' wage income, living state were reviewed. Combining with those investigation results, the migrant workers in construction industry, especially technical workers into the stratum of moderate income group were analyzed. It was put forward that the income growth of migrant workers in construction industry will be beneficial for modern social relations reconstruction and middle income groups expansion.%通过问卷调查和实地访谈的形式,对山东省济南、青岛、潍坊、淄博、聊城、临沂等地的30多处在建工地的农民工进行了调查,分析了所调查地区建筑行业农民工工资收入和生存状态的基本情况,并结合调查结果对建筑行业农民工,尤其是技术工种进入中等收入阶层群体进行了研究,提出了建筑行业农民工收入增长将对现代社会关系再构建及中等收入阶层群体的扩大的产生积极影响.

  13. On Protection of Migrant Workers' Rights in the Construction of Harmonious Society%和谐社会构建中农民工权益保障问题思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文辉; 吴林

    2012-01-01

    The number of migrant workers has increased along with the urbanization and the development of the countryside. Migrant workers have and made an indelible contribution to the city construction and have had positive effect on the Chinese society. But their justified rights and interests are not guaranteed and pro- tected well. This depends on the whole society' s effort, and it is also the requirement of constructing a har- monious and stable society.%随着城市化及农村的发展,农民工数量逐步增加,为城市建设作出了不可磨灭的贡献。但是,当前农民工权益得不到有力保障,这加剧了城乡差异,而这种城乡不和谐与当前构建社会主义和谐社会是格格不入的。因此,要进一步完善社会主义劳动法律体系,健全工会组织,搞好农民工文化工作,建立城乡统一的户口登记管理制度,建立完善农民工社会权益保障制度,多管齐下维护农民工合法权益。

  14. 某市建筑工人艾滋病知识、态度和行为调查%Cross-sectional study on the AIDS related knowledge,attitudes and behaviors in the migrant construction worker in Wuhu area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓龙; 陈凌子; 姚安军; 张涛; 郝娟娟; 袁明; 文育锋

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To understand the perception of the migrant construction workers on the knowledge,attitudes and behaviors towards HIV/AIDS for supplying evidences with health education for this population group .Methods:By convenient cluster sampling,we conducted a survey on 445 migrant con-struction worker on their knowledge,attitudes and behaviors towards HIV/AIDS.Results:Although 39.1% of the respondents had the awareness on HIV/AIDS,only 24.7% understood that the ′mosquito bites could not spread AIDS′.Logistic regression analysis showed that the positive factors to obtain HIV/AIDS knowledge were associated with longer working experiences,better educational background,interest in newspaper and book reading as well as availa-bility of free publicity materials.Only 36.6% of construction workers were willing to make friends with HIV/AIDS victims,and discrimination perception towards the HIV/AIDS sufferers most occurred in the respondents with poorer awareness(r=0.356,P=0.000).13.4% of construction workers had the first sexual attempt at 18 years of age or less,and 21.6% had sex partner more than one.10.0% of respondents confessed that they had had commercial sex in the past one year,and 56.0%had never used the condom in such sex trade.Conclusion:Our findings suggest that awareness of HIV/AIDS is poorer in the migrant construction workers,who posses discrimination conception towards the HIV/AIDS victims,especially this population group themselves have higher risks to spread HIV/AIDS.%目的:了解芜湖市建筑工人艾滋病知识、态度、行为状况,为今后开展建筑工人艾滋病健康教育活动提供科学依据。方法:方便整群抽取芜湖市五个建筑工地445名工人进行调查。结果:调查对象的艾滋病知识知晓率为39.1%,仅有24.7%的人知晓“蚊子叮咬不会传播艾滋病”,多因素Logistic回归分析发现:参加工作时间长、文化程度高、通过报刊书籍和免

  15. Educating Worker-Citizens: Visions and Divisions in Curriculum Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka; Lappalainen, Sirpa; Lahelma, Elina

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we are interested in how employment--or employability--is connected to citizenship, and how the ideal subjectivity of worker-citizens is discursively constructed in curriculum texts. The "worker-citizen" is a social construction that connects closely the notion of worker and the notion of citizen. Our analysis is based…

  16. Clandestine migrant workers in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagayama, T

    1992-01-01

    The author assesses the problem of illegal labor migration to Japan. "Labor policies, regulations, types of immigration violations, and the role of the recruitment industry are described. Most of the estimated 200,000 illegal workers are employed in small and medium sized enterprises, especially construction and manufacturing, which pay them wages well below the normal rate. A key issue is the infringement of human rights of these illegal workers, who lack the protection of labor laws and the social security system."

  17. Correlation Analysis of Depression and Life Events Among Migrant Workers in Construction Site in Beijing%北京地区建筑业农民工抑郁和生活事件相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾光; 罗辉; 崔祥芬; 图娅

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解北京地区建筑业农民工抑郁状况和经历的生活事件状况,探讨其抑郁和生活事件的关系,为加强农民工心理卫生教育提供科学依据.方法 采用抑郁自评量表、生活事件量表,用典型抽样的方法对北京地区4处建筑工地229名农民工进行测量.结果 北京地区建筑业农民工的肯定抑郁检出率为10.5%.调查对象发生频率前5位的生活事件分别是夫妻两地分居、经济情况显著改善、家庭经济困难、开始就业、性生活不满意或独身.抑郁和生活事件呈显著正相关.抑郁组和非抑郁组在家庭经济困难、性生活不满意或独身、生活规律重大改变、对现职工作不满意4个负性生活事件领域的得分差异具有统计学意义.结论 北京地区建筑业农民工的抑郁状况与其所经历的负性生活事件密切相关,应有针对性地进行干预.%Objectives To investigate the depression status and life events among migrant workers in construction site in Beijing, and to explore the correlation between depression and life events, in order to provide the scientific basis to strengthen the mental health of migrant workers. Methods Self-report Depression Scale (CES-D) , Life E-vents Scale (LES) , with a typical sampling were used among 229 migrant workers in four construction sites in Beijing. Results The detection rate of definite depression among migrant workers in construction site in Beijing was 10. 5%. Frequency of the top five life events were as follows: husband and wife separated the two places, marked improvement of economic conditions, family financial difficulties, the beginning of employment and dissatisfaction with sexual life or single. Depression and life events were significantly correlated. Differences between scores of Depression group and the non-depressed group were significant in four fields of negative life events: family financial difficulties, dissatisfaction with sexual life or

  18. 建筑工人安全行为习惯的塑造策略与方法%Shaping strategies and methods of safety behavior habits for construction workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩豫; 张泾杰; 梅强; 刘素霞

    2015-01-01

    In order to help the construction workers get correct safety behavior habits, based on operant condition-ing theory and launching two rounds of investigation, the safety psychological and behavioral features of construction workers and the characteristics of safety behavior habits were analyzed.The shaping strategies and methods of safety behavior habits for construction workers were put forward, and the application plan was designed and an assessment was made.The results showed that the safety behavior habits have the characteristics of stability, consciousness and automaticity.The core requirements in shaping of safety behavior habits are the low starting point, small gradient, grasping details, emphasis on insistence and more practice, and the core tasks are shaping activity on teams and groups level.The shaping of safety behavior habits has some advantages in process experience and long-term effects, but has shortcomings in mandatory and pertinence.%为帮助建筑工人养成良好的安全行为习惯,基于操作性条件反射理论,在开展两轮调查的基础上,分析建筑工人的安全心理和行为特点及其安全行为习惯的特性,提出建筑工人安全行为习惯的塑造策略和方法,设计应用方案并进行评价。结果表明:安全行为习惯具有稳定性、自觉性和自动性;安全行为习惯塑造以低起点、小坡度、抓细节、重坚持、多实践为核心要求,以班组层面的塑造活动为核心任务;安全行为习惯塑造在过程体验和长期效果方面具有优势,但在强制力和针对性方面存在不足。

  19. Older workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ybema,J.F.; Giesen, F.

    2014-01-01

    Due to an ageing population and global economic competition, there is a societal need for people to extend their working lives while maintaining high work productivity. This article presents an overview of the labour participation, job performance, and job characteristics of older workers in the Eur

  20. Dermatoses in cement workers in southern Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Y L; Wang, B J; Yeh, K C; Wang, J C; Kao, H H; Wang, M T; Shih, H C; Chen, C J

    1999-01-01

    Construction workers are known to have occupational dermatoses. The prevalence of such dermatoses was unknown in Taiwanese construction workers. The objective of this study was to determine the work exposure, prevalence of skin manifestations, and sensitivity to common contact allergens in cement workers of southern Taiwan. A total of 1147 current regular cement workers were telephone-interviewed about skin problems during the past 12 months, work exposure, and personal protection. Among those interviewed, 166 were examined and patch tested with common contact allergens. A high % of cement workers reported skin problems in the past 12 months. More men (13.9%) reported skin problems possibly related to work than women (5.4%). Prevalence was associated with lower use of gloves, duration of work as cement worker, and more time in jobs involving direct manual handling of cement, especially tiling. A high % of dermatitis was noted in the 166 workers examined, which correlated with reported skin problems. On patch testing, construction workers had a high frequency of sensitivity to chromate. Sensitivity to chromate or cobalt was associated with reported skin problems, or dorsal hand dermatitis on examination. These workers' dermatitis was under-diagnosed and inadequately managed. It is concluded that cement workers in southern Taiwan had a high prevalence of skin problems related to cement use. Protective measures, work practice, and physician education should be improved to prevent or manage such problems.

  1. Statistical Analysis of the Cultivating Methods of Construction Workers' Safe Behavior Habits%建筑工人安全行为习惯培养方法的统计分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨高升; 居婕

    2013-01-01

    建筑工人的不安全行为直接导致了安全事故的发生,从行为心理学的角度分析了建筑工人不安全行为形成机理,并从中找出影响因素.细分安全行为习惯的培养方法:正强化、负强化、惩罚、教育培训,并通过对南京市两家建筑单位的管理人员进行问卷抽样调查,利用SPSS软件对安全行为习惯培养的四种方法进行统计分析,其中安全教育培训最为重要,结合国外安全培训模式经验,提出可行性的措施.%The construction workers unsafe behavior is the direct cause of security incidents. Analyzes the formation mechanism of construction workers' unsafe behavior from the perspective of behavior psychology, and finds out the factors. Subdivides the cultivating methods of safe behavior habits into four sectors, namely, positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment, and training. Through the questionnaire survey on the management of the two building units in Nanjing and using the SPSS software to conduct the statistical analysis of the four methods of fostering safe behavior habits, this paper finds that the safe education and training are the most important factors to foster safe behavior habits. At last, this paper gives the feasible measures combined with foreign experience in safety training mode.

  2. The Role of Experience in the Information Search Process of an Early Career Information Worker: Perceptions of Uncertainty, Complexity, Construction, and Sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhlthau, Carol Collier

    1999-01-01

    Investigates changes in perceptions of the information search process of an early career information professional as he becomes more experienced and proficient at his work. Building on earlier research, comparisons of user's perceptions of uncertainty, complexity, construction, and sources in information tasks were made over a five-year period.…

  3. Older workers

    OpenAIRE

    Ybema, J.F.; Giesen, F.

    2014-01-01

    Due to an ageing population and global economic competition, there is a societal need for people to extend their working lives while maintaining high work productivity. This article presents an overview of the labour participation, job performance, and job characteristics of older workers in the European Union. The way in which several factors, including health, working conditions, skills and knowledge, and social and financial factors influence sustainable employability and the early retirem...

  4. Pérdidas auditivas relacionadas con la exposición a ruido en trabajadores de la construcción Hearing loss related with noise exposure in construction workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Gómez Mur

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: A pesar del ruido existente en las obras de la construcción no está extendido el uso de protectores auditivos en este sector. Objetivo: Estudiar las pérdidas auditivas inducidas por ruido (PAIR en las audiometrías de estos trabajadores. Material y métodos: Se realiza un estudio descriptivo de las audiometrías de tonos puros realizadas a 223 trabajadores del sector y se comparan con las de 262 administrativos. Para clasificar las PAIR se ha utilizado el método desarrollado por Klockhoff (K y modificado por la clínica del Lavoro de Milan. Se analiza también la presencia de escotomas en las frecuencias 3000, 4000 ó 6000 Hz. Resultados: La prevalencia de PAIR y escotomas bilaterales ha sido significativamente superior en el grupo de la construcción (K: OR =3,1. IC95%:1,801-5,435. Escotoma audiométrico bilateral: OR=3,8. IC95%:2.244- 6.606. Aunque el escotoma en 6000 Hz ha sido el más frecuente, la diferencia entre los dos grupos únicamente ha sido significativa en el de 4000 Hz. Discusión: Entre un 20,7 (K y un 24,3% (escotomas de los trabajadores de la construcción presentan PAIR bilaterales (8,4 y 8,8% en administrativos. Es necesario incidir en las medidas preventivas, fundamentalmente en el uso de protectores auditivos adecuados. Se recomienda profundizar en la etiología de los diferentes escotomas en futuros estudios.Introduction: Despite the noise produced in constructions works, the utilization of hearing protection devices is not common in this sector. Aim: To study the noise induced hearing loss (NIHL present on the audiometries of the construction workers. Methodology: A descriptive study is made on the pure tone audiometries done to 223 construction workers, comparing them with those coming from 262 administrative ones. For audiometries classification purposes, the method developed by Klockhoff (K and modified by Clinica del Lavoro in Milan, is used. Presence of a notch in 3.000, 4.000 or 6.000 Hz

  5. Study on influence factor and control measures for unsafe behavior of construction workers%建筑工人不安全行为影响因子分析及控制措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    居婕; 杨高升; 杨鹏

    2013-01-01

    To control the unsafe behaviorof construction workers so as to reduce safety accidents ,the main factors that influence unsafe behavior of construction workers must be found , and the control measures must be put forward corresponding .13 impact factors were extracted from the different unsafe behaviors , on this basis, the direct influ-ence matrix was obtained by interviewing , and the method of DEMATEL was applied to calculate the influence de-gree, reason degree, and center degree of each factor .It showed that the following factors:safety attitude,safety skills,safety cognitive , and safety training are more important than the others and the leaders ’ attention has great influence on unsafe behavior of construction workers .Personal factor is the main factor of satety behavior workers , the environment factor and management factor influence the safety behavior by influencing personal factor .At last, in allusion to the personal factor , the measures like carrying out safety training , strengthening the management of behavior on field ,strengthening the safety psychological intervention , and improving the recruitment system were put forward .%为有效的控制建筑工人的不安全行为,从而减少事故,须分析出建筑工人不安全行为主要影响因素,并提出针对性控制措施。从各种不安全行为中提取13个影响因子,在此基础上通过访谈和调研获得直接影响矩阵,借助决策试验和评价实验室方法( DEMATEL)计算出每个因子的影响度、原因度和中心度,由此分析出安全态度、安全技能、安全认知和安全培训在影响因素体系中最为重要,领导的重视对建筑工人的不安全行为也有很大影响。结果表明:个人因素是影响工人安全行为的主要因素,环境因素和管理因素通过影响个人因素影响工人的安全行为。最后,针对个人影响因素,提出了合理开展安全培训、加强

  6. 粉尘作业者呼吸防护用品现场使用情况评价方法构建%Construction of Evaluation in Dust Exposed Workers With Respiratory Protective Equipment Use of Site

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭晓兵

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the dust exposed workers with respiratory protective equipment use of the site and construction of evaluation.Methods Investigation of respiratory protective equipment for 246 dust exposed workers in an enterprise in three workshop use case,the site and the form of questionnaire survey,on-site construction workers through the analysis of dust comprehensive evaluation of respiratory protective equipment using the method product. Results The respiratory protection plans of the enterprise fails to make the choice,three types of dust workshop operators of respiratory protective equipment,the average monthly payment number change and the success rate of the rate of wear rates were significantly different (P < 0.05),the whole enterprise breath basic protection of the qualified rate was 19.65%,the unqualified rate was 80.35%,the difference was statistical y significant(P<0.05). High KV chest radiograph revealed pneumoconiosis respiratory protective or observation object group qualified rate was significantly lower than control group(P<0.05). Conclusion By constructing a comprehensive evaluation of dust exposed workers respiratory protection products and use method develop respiratory protection plan,effectively regulate the use of respiratory protective equipment,to prevent the occurrence of pneumoconiosis.%目的:探讨粉尘作业者呼吸防护用品现场使用情况且构建评价方法。方法对于某企业3个车间的246名粉尘作业者的呼吸防护用品使用情况进行调查,采用现场及问卷调查的形式,通过构建粉尘作业者呼吸防护用品使用的综合评价方法品进行现场分析。结果显示该企业未制定的呼吸保护计划,3个车间的粉尘作业者呼吸防护用品的选择类型、月均发放数更换达标率及佩戴率的达标率均具有差异(P<0.05);全企业呼吸防护基本合格率为19.65%,不合格率为80.35%,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);高

  7. Medical Surveillance for Former Workers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tim Takaro

    2009-05-29

    The Former Hanford Worker Medical Monitoring Program, directed by the Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program at the University of Washington, served former production and other non-construction workers who were potentially exposed to workplace hazards while working for the USDOE or its contractors at Hanford. The USDOE Former Workers Program arose from Congressional action in the Defense Authorization of 1993 (Public Law 102). Section 3162 stated that, “The Secretary shall establish and carry out a program for the identification and ongoing medical evaluation of current and former Department of Energy employees who are subject to significant health risks as a result of exposure of such employees to hazardous or radioactive substances during such employment.” (This also covers former employees of USDOE contractors and subcontractors.) The key objective has been to provide these former workers with medical evaluations in order to determine whether workers have experienced significant risk due to workplace exposure to hazards. Exposures to asbestos, beryllium, and noise can produce specific medical conditions: asbestosis, berylliosis, and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Each of these conditions can be identified by specific, non-invasive screening tests, which are widely available. Treatments are also available for individuals affected by these conditions. This project involved two phases. Phase I involved a needs and risk assessment, characterizing the nature and extent of workplace health hazards which may have increased the risk for long-term health effects. We categorized jobs and tasks by likelihood of exposures to specific workplace health hazards; and located and established contact with former Hanford workers. Phase II involved implementation of medical monitoring programs for former workers whose individual work history indicated significant risk for adverse health effects. We identified 118,000 former workers, employed from 1943 to 1997

  8. The effect of continuous work on discretionary energy expenditure in male adult construction workers in northern Mexico as studies by the 2H218O method and indirect calorimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy balance, in relation to energy needs in populations of developing countries is an important issue in terms of nutritional status, health and food policy implications. The objective of this study was to measure the variations in discretionary energy expenditure (DEE) in male adult construction workers of different body mass index (BMI), when challenged to heavy work. Twelve adult volunteers engaged in construction work, 18-30 years, BMI range 16.7 to 28.9 were selected from different low income urban sectors in northern Mexico. These individuals were subjected to a specific work load equivalent to a physical activity index (PAI) ≥ 2.1 x BMR, within a time frame of 6 hours a day, eight out of ten days. The rest of the time including one full weekend was to their discretion. Energy expenditure was measured using the 2H218O technique. BMR and the thermic effect of food were evaluated by ventilated hood indirect calorimetry. The energy cost of fixed activities was measured by the Oxylog. A daily activity diary was kept throughout the ten days of the protocol. This study shows no evidence that individuals of different energy status in a range of BMI from 16.7 to 28.9 modify the discretionary component of their total daily expenditure to cope with the equivalent of a heavy work load (PAI ≥ 2.1) 11 refs, 1 fig., 3 tabs

  9. Musculoskeletal 2: Are demographics, work and health associated with the ability and motivation to continue working until the age of 65 in construction workers? Oral presentations: Day 3: Friday, September 9, 2011. 22nd International Conference on Epidemiology in Occupational Health EPICOH 2011 September 7-9, 2011, Oxford, UK

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oude Hengel, K.; Blatter, B.; Geuskens, G.; Koppes, L.; Bongers, P.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: Because of the ageing and decreasing working population in the construction industry, it is important to encourage workers to prolong their working life. The objective of this study was to explore factors associated with the ability and motivation to continue working until the age of 65

  10. Flow Motivation Mechanism of Construction Workers%基于推拉理论的建筑务工人员流动动机的形成机理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晓利; 杨高升

    2016-01-01

    我国建筑工程领域人员流动频发。为了探究建筑务工人员流动动机的形成机理,基于推拉理论和层次分解法厘清建筑务工人员流动的内在动因和外在诱因,采用因子分析法进行建筑务工人员流动的推—拉动因子分析,采用描述性分析、ANOVA分析(方差分析)进行个体特征对建筑务工人员流动动机的影响分析。结果表明:经济与发展因素是最为重要的推动机,环境因素是最为重要的拉动机;年龄、家庭劳动力比率、从业年限、受教育程度等个体特征对流动有显著影响。%Construction workers’ flow is frequently in the construction area. To explore the flow mechanism of the motivation of construction workers,push-pull theory and Hierarchical Analyze are used to clarify the internal causes and external causes;factor analysis is used to analyze the push-pull factor of motivation on construction workers’ flow;descriptive analysis and ANOVA analysis are used to analyze the influence on motivation on construction workers’ flow which is caused by individual characteristics. The result shows that the economic factor and individual development are most important among all the push factors,while environment factor is the most important among all the pull factors. In addition,individual characteristics like age,ratio of household labor force,years of employment and education level influence the flow notably.

  11. Reducing workers' compensation costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Killian, M J

    1994-01-01

    Employers can reduce their workers' compensation costs by encouraging internal communication and education before and after injuries occur. Comprehensive workers' compensation programs can be developed by integrating the management of employee benefits and workers' compensation claims. PMID:10133659

  12. Outdoor Workers and Sun Protection: Knowledge and Behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Cioffi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Outdoor workers are at high risk of developing skin cancer. Primary prevention can potentiallyreduce the incidence of skin cancer in this group. This study aimed to determine theknowledge and sun protective behaviour of outdoor workers towards skin cancer. A shortquestionnaire was used to collect data from workers on construction sites during workinghours. Despite workers having knowledge of the risks of skin cancer their use of sun protectionwas less than satisfactory, particularly considering their cumulative exposure.Workplace health education programs for outdoor workers addressing sun protection areindicated, as is further research to increase understanding of issues workers have withsun protection in the workplace.

  13. Las Construcciones Identitarias en el Trabajo en la Contemporaneidad: Retrato de un Grupo de Trabajadores de São Paulo (Brasil Contemporary Identity Constructions at Work: A Portrait of a Group of Workers in São Paulo (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Afonso Ribeiro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios de identidad en el trabajo han indicado la existencia de una crisis identitaria generada por la flexibilidad laboral, provocando su desestructuración y restructuración y convirtiendo la identidad en el trabajo en construcciones identitarias procesales. A través de una investigación cualitativa con entrevistas en profundidad, se buscó identificar las construcciones identitarias en el trabajo contemporáneo, realizando un análisis de contenido de los relatos de 40 trabajadores de Sao Paulo en Brasil, mayores de 35 años, seleccionados intencionadamente. Las construcciones identitarias se basaron en 4 categorías (nostalgia, cierre, posibilidad e instrumental organizadas según la sistematización de los tipos identitarios descritos en la literatura. Los resultados mostraron la potencialidad del uso de tipologías, existiendo 2 movimientos antagónicos en las construcciones identitarias: la búsqueda de estabilidad (nostalgia o de flexibilidad (posibilidad, con el debilitamiento de las identidades profesionales y ocupacionales (cierre. También se identificaron los límites de esta tipología, al constatar que el tipo identitario instrumental no es permanente, sino una situación transitoria, y que existen tipos híbridos y mixtos que no estaban previstos en la sistematización propuesta.Studies of identity at work have indicated the existence of an identity crisis generated by labor flexibility, leading to its destructuring and restructuring and transforming identity at work into processual identity constructions. Through qualitative research with in-depth interviews, the study aimed to identify the identity constructions present in contemporary work, performing a content analysis of the narratives generated by 40 workers over 35 years old in Sao Paulo, Brazil, selected intentionally. Identity constructions were based on 4 categories (nostalgia, closure, possibility and instrumentality organized according to the systematization

  14. Investigation on safety cognition and safety behaviors among farmer workers in construction industries in Shanghai%上海市建筑业农民工安全认知和安全行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王剑; 张立强; 金伟; 陈德; 吕姿之

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解上海市建筑业农民工安全认知和安全行为状况,为制定干预措施提供依据.方法 对上海市2家建筑企业的1088名农民工进行问卷调查.结果 调查对象安全认知水平较高,有96.7%的调查对象认为有必要在工作场所采取安全防护设施.60.8%认为从事的工作安全.安全行为的报告率相对较低,83.5%的对象一直会主动佩戴防护用具.平时未感到紧张匆忙、认为劳动强度不大、工作熟练、单位安全防护设备量足,安全认知和安全行为水平均较高,OR值分别为1.896 (95%CI:1.414-2.543)、1.961 (95%CI:1.340-2.869); 1.381 (95%CI:1.041-1.833)、1.559 (95%CI:1.022-2.377); 1.383 (95%CI:1.013-1.887)、1.558 (95%CI:1.062-2.284); 1.825(95% CI:1.273-2.615)、1.864 (95%CI:1.392-2.496).结论 上海市建筑业农民工的伤害相关安全行为的报告率有待提高,建议有针对性的开展健康教育.%Objective To understand safety cognition and safety behaviors among farmer workers in construction industries, and provide evidence for intervention. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1088 fanner workers in two construction industries in Shanghai. Results The safety cognition level was high. 96.1% of respondents agreed that security protection facilities were necessary at workplace. 60. 8% of them thought his job was safe. The safety behavior prevalence rates were relatively lower. 83. 5% of them wore labor protective appliance actively and consistently. Related influence factors such as "never felt job busy" , "thought labor intensity was not high" , "skilled in job" , "enough protective equipment at workplace" were positive associated with safety cognition and behavior, odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were 1. 8% (1.414-2.543), 1.961 (1.340-2.869), 1.381 (1.041-1.833), 1.559 (1.022-2.377), 1.383 (1.013-1.887), 1.558 (1.062-2.284), 1.825 (1.273-2.615), 1.864 (1.392-2.496 ) respectively. Conclusion

  15. Russian oil workers seek employment abroad

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that American oil workers discouraged by bleak employment opportunities in the U.S. petroleum industry face increasing competition abroad from Russians seeking a living wage. Moscow's Zagrantrud (Foreign Labor) firm believes millions of Russian skilled and unskilled workers in many occupations will try to find jobs in other countries. The Russian enterprise says it is selecting a group of construction workers to build a refinery in Columbia. Kuwait also wants Russian construction personnel. Russia is especially eager to find overseas work for petroleum industry workers who have lost their jobs in Viet Nam and Cuba. The number of specialists from the former U.S.S.R. in Cuba, many of them engaged in oil exploration and production or pipeline and refinery construction, has fallen from several thousand 2 years ago to 250 at present as Moscow's relations with Havana cooled

  16. The Foreign Workers and Foreign Workers' German.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackshire-Belay, Carol

    Foreign Workers' German (FWG) refers to the acquired German language skills of workers from various countries who were recruited to West Germany between 1955 and 1973 to fill menial, undesirable jobs. Contact between these workers and native German speakers was limited because of the nature of the foreigners' work, the tendency toward residential…

  17. 黄浦区建筑工人不安全性行为及其影响因素研究%Situation and Influencing Factors of Unsafe Sexual Behaviors among Construction Workers in Huangpu District,Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒伟萍; 汪红卫; 陆瑾; 徐元; 曹祯; 方蕙; 任金马; Liviana Calzavara

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解黄浦区建筑工地工人不安全性行为现状,分析其影响因素,为性病艾滋病(STD/AIDS)区域综合防治工作的开展提供依据.[方法]采用整群抽样的方法随机抽取黄浦区6个工地的594名建筑工人进行问卷调查,内容包括一般信息、首次性行为年龄、STD/AIDS知识、对性的态度、安全套使用情况等;采集血样、尿样以检验STD/AIDS感染情况;采用SPSS 17.0进行单因素及多因素回归分析.[结果]在调查的594名建筑工人中,发生过不安全性行为者共占30.5%;其中,有过婚前性行为的占26.8%,已婚人群中有过婚外性行为的占10.2%,有商业性行为的占5.7%,有多性伴行为的占6.7%.经binary logistic多因素回归分析表明,在该区建筑工地工人中有6个相关因素对不安全性行为有影响:文化程度越高;首次性行为年龄越小;月收入越高;STD/AIDS知识得分越高;对性的态度越重视;未婚、离异或丧偶的被调查者越易发生不安全性行为.被调查者中梅毒检出率为1.5%,淋病检出率为4.4%,生殖道沙眼衣原体检出率为0.8%.[结论]建筑工地工人不安全性行为发生率较高,自我保护意识和风险意识较低,在该人群中开展行之有效的健康教育及干预尤为迫切.%[ Objective ] To investigate the level of unsafe sexual behavior of construction workers and its influencing factors in Huangpu District, and to provide a theoretical basis for comprehensive control of HIV/AIDS. [ Methods ] Construction workers of 6 construction sites were chosen by cluster sampling to be surveyed by questionnaire, which included general information, age of first sex, knowledge of venereal diseases and AIDS, sex attitudes and situation of condom use. Blood and urine samples were collected and inspected, and SPSS 17.0 was used to perform single factor and multiple factors logistic regression analyses. [ Results ] The rate of having unsafe sexual behaviors in 594 responded

  18. 新生代农民工市民化背景下我国城市基层社区文化建设——基于泉州地区外来务工人员精神文化生活调研分析%Research on China's City Community Culture Construction under the Background of The New Generation of Migrant Workers' Citizenization -Based on the Survey Data Analysis of Migrant Workers' Spiritual and Cultural

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王连伟

    2012-01-01

    新生代农民工作为城市的一个特殊群体,长期以来,被人们忽视,成为城市的边缘群体。他们的精神文化需求没地方倾诉,城市社区文化建设也没有开展一些针对他们的活动。文章主要结合调研数据,真实地反映出当前新生代农民工的精神生活现状、精神诉求和当前社区文化建设存在的问题,探索当前我国城市社区文化建设的有效途径。%The new generation of migrant workers as a special group were neglected by people m me city since tong-term, and become the city's marginalized groups. Their spiritual and cultural needs have no place to talk, city community culture construction is not carried out in their activities. The following is a combination of research data, truly reflect the current generation of migrant workers' spiritual life, spiritual pursuit and the current status of community cultural construction problems, to explore the effective ways of the construction of city community.

  19. Worker participation - the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kwantes, J.H.

    2014-01-01

    Worker participation relates to the involvement of workers in the management decision-making processes. In this article attention is focused on worker participation related to occupational safety and health in the Netherlands. Worker participation can refer either to direct or indirect participation

  20. Exploration and practice of strengthened the construction of the migrant workers team of state-owned coal enterprises%加强国有煤炭企业农民工队伍建设的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马秋成

    2014-01-01

    Along with the intensify reform of employee system in state-owned coal enter-prise,a large number of rural surplus labor came to coal enterprises,and became an indispensa-ble major force in the construction of the coal enterprises.Taking the practice of migrant workers team construction in Qianjiaying Coal Mine as an example,the author completely illustrated that people-oriented principle,protecting legitimate rights and interests of migrant workers,raising the overall quality of migrant workers,and specific approach of developing migrant workers into major force of the enterprise.%随着国有煤炭企业用工制度的深化改革,大量农村富余劳动力进入煤炭企业,成为煤炭企业建设中一支不可或缺的重要力量。以钱家营矿业公司农民工队伍建设实践为例,对以人为本、保障农民工合法权益、提升农民工综合素养、把农民工打造成企业建设主力军的具体做法进行了系统阐述。

  1. A Study on the Effects of Psychological Contract on Migrant Workers'Job Performance Based on Samples from Construction Sector%心理契约对农民工工作绩效影响的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 黄翠龙

    2012-01-01

    在正式劳动契约缺失或不完善的现实背景下,基于期望理论和社会交换理论,研究了农民工对雇主责任的履行与过往不履行责任的感知对其工作绩效的影响,同时探讨了期望匹配度的中介作用.研究结果表明,历史心理契约破坏对农民工的心理契约履行具有显著的负相关作用,历史心理契约破坏和心理契约履行均对期望匹配度具有显著的影响,期望匹配度还在心理契约履行与工作绩效的关系之间起着完全中介作用.最后,针对研究假设检验结果的启示和意义进行了探讨.%Based on expectancy theory and social exchange theory and in the background of formal employment contract deficiency, this paper explores the relationship between migrant workers' perception of psychological contract fulfillment (PCF) and history of psychological contract breach (HPCB) and their job performance (JP) focusing on mediating role of met expectation (ME). We tested the model with data from a sample of 305 subordinate-supervisor dyads from 14 construction companies in South China. The results reveal that HPCB is negatively related to PCF, HPCB and PCF are significantly related to ME, and ME fully mediates the relationship between PCF and JP. In the final section, significance and implications of these results are discussed.

  2. 75 FR 879 - National Semiconductor Corporation Arlington Manufacturing Site Including On-Site Leased Workers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-06

    ... of integrated circuits. The company reports that on-site leased workers from ASML and Construction... workers leased from ASML and Construction Mechanical Systems working on-site at the Arlington, Texas... leased workers from CMPS have their (UI) wages reported to Silverleaf. The amended notice applicable...

  3. Views of the workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is written from the perspective of the worker. As such it presents the workers' viewpoint with respect to the present status and problems to be solved with regard to occupational exposure. (author)

  4. Coal worker's pneumoconiosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000130.htm Coal worker's pneumoconiosis To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Coal worker's pneumoconiosis is a lung disease that results ...

  5. 新形势下农民工金融需求与服务体系建构研究%The Research into Financial Demand and Service System Construction of Migrant Workers under New Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨学昌

    2015-01-01

    从新形势下农民工金融服务多层次需求出发,分析了当前农民工金融服务体系存在的金融产品少、金融服务网络不完善、难以获得所在地金融机构贷款和获取新型金融产品信息难等问题及成因,在此基础上,提出了增强金融机构服务农民工意识、提高农民工金融知识水平、开发适用农民工的金融产品与服务、完善农民工金融服务基础设施和改善农民工金融服务环境等对策。%With the rapid development of Market Economy, the scale of migrant workers is getting expanded steadily,their income going up,the demand for the financial service of multi-level gradually increas-ing.Starting from the migrant workers'multi-level demand for the financial service,this paper analysis some problems and their causes existed in current migrant workers'financial service system,including less financial products line with the current characteristics of the migrant workers,imperfect financial services network,diffi-culties in obtaining loans from financial institutions in the location and getting information of new financial prod-uct,and so on.On this basis,the paper brings forward some countermeasures including enhancing service awareness of financial institutions for the migrant workers,improving the financial knowledge level of the mi-grant workers,developing financial products and services suitable for the migrant workers,and Perfecting fi-nancial service infrastructure for the migrant workers,and improve financial service environment of the migrant workers and etc.

  6. 中华蜜蜂工蜂 cDNA 文库的构建及ESTs 测序分析%Construction of cDNA libraries and ESTs sequencing of Apis cerana cerana workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张卫星; 郗学鹏; 秦明; 王帅; 刘春蕾; 王红芳; 胥保华

    2016-01-01

    Objectives] To build a cDNA library to improve understanding of how honey bee workers respond to adverse conditions and analyze the quality of the resultant library. [Methods] A cDNA library of Apis cerana cerana was constructed using the SMART technique. [Results] The library’s capacity was 3.6×106 cfu/mL, the recombination rate was 97% and the average length of inserts was approximately 1 000 bp. 306 ESTs were generated by ESTs sequencing. Additionally, 234 non-repetitive sequences were formed, including 207 singletons and 27 contigs after initial assembly. Using Blastx to query, compare and annotate these sequences with those in GenBank, revealed that 141 sequences could be assigned putative functions because they were homologous to known genes. Other sequences had no obvious homology, which suggests there is potential for the discovery of new functional genes. [Conclusion] The construction of a cDNA library has important benefits for cloning, screening and gene function research in Apis cerana cerana.%【目的】为了解中华蜜蜂 Apis cerana cerana 工蜂的抗逆性,构建了中华蜜蜂工蜂的 cDNA 文库,并对文库质量进行分析。【方法】本研究利用 SMART 技术构建了中华蜜蜂工蜂的全长 cDNA 文库。【结果】文库库容为3.6×106 cfu/mL,文库重组率为97%,插入片段长度多数分布在1000 bp 左右。挑取 cDNA克隆进行 EST 测序,共进行了306个成功反应,软件拼接共得到234个单基因簇(Unigene),其中包括207个单拷贝(Singletons)序列及27个重叠群(Contigs)。使用 Blastx 将这些序列同 GenBank 等数据库进行查询、比对和注释,结果显示141条序列有相关同源性,其他序列没有明显的同源性,这也为我们发现新功能基因提供了可靠依据。【结论】此文库的构建在中华蜜蜂功能基因的分离、克隆、筛选以及基因功能研究等方面具有重要作用。

  7. Several Problems and Thinking of New-generation Migrant Rural Workers of Construction Field in the Twelfth Five-year Plan Time Period%“十二五”时期建筑领域新生代农民工问题与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宜旭

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, with the rapid development of ec-onomics in China, the urban construction around the country have made rapid advance. Only by improve the management of the construction site in the process of project implementa-tion can construction enterprises achieve the desired goals. Th-is article discusses the problems of migrant rural workers and the site management.%近几年,随着我国经济整体发展的良好势头,各地城市建设迅速发展。施工企业在项目实施过程中只有提高施工现场的管理,才能实现预期目标。本文主要从现场管理以及农民工问题进行探讨。

  8. Construction and Empowerment:Migrant Workers Reported by Urban Mainstream Media%建构与赋权:城市主流媒体中的农民工镜像

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕朋

    2015-01-01

    By investigating the reports on migrant workers published by the local mainstream media in Dongguan which is the representative city that many migrant workers go to,this paper analyzes the urban identity and urban integration of migrant workers.It turns out that the government,policy -driven and top -down processing are the basic narrative logics of Dongguan mainstream media,and migrant workers in "Dongguan daily","Dongguan times"are rendered more as an oyster who are "spoken for "and the powerless who are "benefited".So,on the basis of the findings,the paper suggests that to return to the urban subject is the key for mass media to eliminate the misunderstanding between migrant workers and urban residents groups before they come to mutual identification.It is the basic report logic for mass media to revivi-fication that migrant workers are also the urban subject.The public access to the media of migrant workers is actually the empowerment process.Communication empowerment for individual migrant worker is the adjustment between individual identity and social role;while it is the foundation of multicultural city formation for the city development.%以农民工流入的代表性城市———东莞为主,考察了当地主流媒体的农民工报道,并分析农民工的社会认同与城市融入的话题;认为政府、政策主导、自上而下是东莞主流媒体的基本叙事逻辑,其中《东莞日报》《东莞时报》中的农民工更多呈现“被代言”的沉默者和“受惠”的弱势者形象;让农民工回归城市主体是大众媒体消除农民工与市民群体之间隔阂进而形成互相认同的关键,还原农民工为城市主体应是大众媒体报道的基本逻辑;农民工的媒介近用是赋权的过程,传播赋权对于农民工个体而言,是个人身份与社会角色之间的调适。

  9. Strong trade unions meet EEC workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Søren Kaj; Hansen, Jens Arnholtz

    2008-01-01

    Although Denmark has not experienced an increase in the number of migrant workers from Eastern Europe to same degree as the UK or Ireland, Danish unions in the construction sector are concerned that the collective bargaining system could be undermined by the presence of Eastern European Country...... strategies and actions aiming to tackle these problems and challenges: 1) via influencing the state; 2) in cooperation with employers' associations via the collective bargaining system and 3) through autonomous union action. Finally, we offer conclusions and point to future perspectives regarding EEC workers...... (EEC) workers. The argument is that migrant and, in particular, posted workers' conditions of employment often are characterised by evasions of collective agreements, whether in the form of underpayment or other violations of terms and conditions specified in the agreements. However, the trade union...

  10. From Client to Pimp: Male Violence against Female Sex Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karandikar, Sharvari; Prospero, Moises

    2010-01-01

    The present study explores intimate partner violence (IPV) among female sex workers from the red-light area based in Mumbai, India. Using a grounded theory approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with ten sex workers to explore their experiences of IPV in the context of commercial sex work. Narratives were analyzed and themes constructed. A…

  11. On legal responses to migrant workers' recourse of remuneration of labor in the construction field%论建设领域农民工追索劳务报酬之法律应对

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞晓林

    2012-01-01

    近年来,农民工追索劳务报酬案件逐年增多,如何切实保护农民工合法权益,成为劳动争议领域一个首要问题。本文在分析当前日常审判活动中所遇到的农民工追索劳务报酬的案件,针对该类型的案件提出了相应的对策,希望对农民工追索劳务报酬案件的理论研究有所帮助。%In recent years,the cases of migrant workers' recourse of remuneration of labor were increasing year by year.How to effectively protect the legitimate rights and interests of migrant workers has become a primary issue in the field of labor dispute.The paper analyzed the cases of migrant workers' recourse of remuneration of labor encountered in the current trial activities and proposed corresponding countermeasures for the cases with the hope to be helpful to the theoretical study of migrant workers' recourse of remuneration of labor.

  12. Exploring a New Training Model of Migrant Workers in Case of Constructing Migrant Worker -- School-based Training%以建筑农民工为例探讨农民工培训新模式--基于校本培训的模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐青林; 强韶华

    2013-01-01

    农民工一直以来是推动城市发展的“主力军”,但却因技能和素质的问题制约了经济和社会的发展。因此,关于农民工的培训问题成为了近年来学者研究的热点,但对农民工培训模式的研究却相对较少且已有模式的效果不很理想。从当代农民工的培训需求出发,分析指出了目前农民工培训模式效率不高的主要原因。通过对在我国发展相对成熟的校本培训模式以及校本培训和农民工培训的契合点进行研究,提出了一种以农民工为主体地位的新型5阶段农民工培训模式,对于增加农民工培训的积极性和增强培训效果都有一定的积极意义。%Migrant workers have been the“main force”for the development of city,But they become obstacles for economic and social development because of skills and qualities. So in recent years,training of migrant workers become a hot issue,but the model of migrant workers training is relatively small. This paper analyzes the training needs of contemporary migrant workers and points out the reason that the efficiency of migrant workers training models are low,through the study of the common of migrant workers training and school-based training. We want to explore the model that is suitable for contemporary migrant training. Article proposes a model where migrant workers are the main body,it has a positive significance for increasing the motivation of migrant workers and improving the effectiveness of training.

  13. Interviewing media workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heike Graf

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this article is on the use of Niklas Luhmann’s systems theoretical approach in order to analyse interviews conducted with media workers concerning their experiences of ethnic diversity in newsrooms. Applying systems theory means constructing the interview as a social system and seeing the “data” as observations produced by the observer and not as representations of a reality. The first part of the article describes the interview methodology and the second part provides examples, from the current study, of how systems theory can be applied in order to analyse interviews. Using a difference-theoretical approach means looking at the distinctions the informants make when talking about their experiences. These main guiding distinctions can be summarised as immigrant background/competence as well as advantage/competence. Using the guiding distinction of inclusion/exclusion when interpreting the interviewees’ statements, the interdependencies of mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion in newsrooms related to ethnic background can be examined.

  14. Pneumoconiosis in rubber workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiographic survey carried out on rubber workers revealed that 32 % (24/76) of the workers showed pneumoconiosis. The cases of pneumoconiosis were found in workers who had been exposed to dust for more than 10 years. Among the 24 cases of pneumoconiosis, 15 workers had been exposed to talc dust for more than 12 years. Chest radiographs of the rubber workers who had been exposed to dust for more than 10 years demonstrated radiographic findings and incidences as follows; nodular pattern (16 %), fine reticular and granular pattern (52 %), reticular pattern (36 %), irregularity of lung markings (61 %), ground-glass appearance (8 %), and pleural thickening (15 %). Irregular opacities such as fine reticular and granular pattern, reticular pattern and irregularity of lung markings seen to be major radiographic findings of pneumoconiosis of the rubber workers. While, nodular pattern seen in upper and middle lung zones and pleural thickening seen in apices and upper lung zones seen to be minor changes. (author)

  15. Skin Problems in Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1926.95 www.osha.gov Check the Label & Safety Data Sheet: OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard – 29 CFR 1926.59 www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/index.html Physician’s Alert: Occupational Contact Dermatitis Among Construction Workers – give this Alert ...

  16. On Problems and Countermeasures of Party Construction for University Scientific and Technical Workers --Taking some Universities of Beijing as Examples%对高校科技工作者党建工作问题的分析与思考——以北京部分高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李全喜

    2012-01-01

    本文依据实证数据分析当前高校科技工作者党建问题。调查发现高校科技工作者党建工作存在动力短缺化、动机功利化、思想非政治化、机制固态化、队伍单薄化、方式滞后化等问题,这些问题源于高校科技工作者对社会转型认知不足、市场经济功利主义的施虐、西方文化价值观念的渗透、对党政治认同感的降低、管制型党建理念的制约、队伍建设重视不足、忽视网络技术党建功能等因素的相互交织。应从提高科技工作者的社会认知能力、开展西方现实国情教育、注重社会主义核心价值体系的引领、巩固党在高校科技工作者的政治威信、重视高校党建队伍全面发展、建构服务型高校党建工作理念、推行电子党务建设工程等方面下功夫,促进高校科技工作者党建工作有序发展。%Based on the empirical data, this paper analyzed the present work of party construction for uni- versity scientific and technical worker. The paper has founded that some distress are meted in party con- struction of university scientific and technical worker, such as the lack of motive force to join in the Party, the utilitarian motivation, the non--politicization thought, the blind--sided mechanism, the thin rank of party--building and the behindhand ways. These distress are caused by seven factors, such as university scientific and technical worker's limited recognition to the social transformation, the sadism of utilitarian- ism of market economy, the pervasion of west cultural value, the descend to political identity of the Party, the constraint of control idea, the ignoring of building the troop of party construction, the neglect to the net's function in party construction. The dispelling of the distress should work hard in the following as- pects, such as improve the university scientific and technical workers~ society cognitive capacity, develop the training of

  17. On the Process of Peasant Workers' Transformation to Urban Residents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Chuanjiang; Dong Yanfang; Wang Jing

    2008-01-01

    The unique two-stage "Chinese path" of China's ru ral-urban migration,which cannot be fully explained by classical theories of economic development,makes us to give peasant workers' transformation to urban residents a top priority.On the basis of fully explaining peasant workers' transformation to urban residents,a method for measuring its process has been advanced and then confirmed with the data of March in 2005 from surveys to peasant workers in Wuhan.Finally,the suggestions of acceler ating peasant workers' transformation to urban residents to pro mote the construction of a harmonious society have been drawn from the analysis.

  18. Constructing the Politics of Recognition for the New Generation of Migrant Workers:Based on the View of Fraser’ s Theory of Justice%建构新生代农民工的承认政治--基于弗雷泽正义理论的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑永兰; 刘纯

    2016-01-01

    作为“生活在城市的农民”,新生代农民工面临着因户籍制度所造成的身份认同的尴尬境遇,同时也承受着来自城市与农村的双重政治排斥,从而造成其政治权利的“悬空”。这一现象不仅严重影响新生代农民工的自我认知和利益保障,同时也对我国经济转型期的社会稳定构成极大的威胁。基于弗雷泽正义理论的视角,从经济、文化、教育培训和政治四个方面对当前阻碍新生代农民工政治参与的相关因素进行深入分析,探讨新生代农民工在“再分配”“承认”及“代表权”这三个维度上的困境,最终为新生代农民工的“承认政治”和“正确代表权”寻找可行路径,以期促进对新生代农民工承认政治的合理建构。%As peasants living in cities, the new generation of migrant workers are facing an awkward situation of identity recognition caused by the Household Registration System, and bearing the double political exclusions from the rural and the urban, which makes their political rights float. This phenomenon not only seriously affects the self-awareness and benefits guarantee of the new generation of migrant workers, but also poses a great threat to the social stability in the economic transition period of our country. Based on Fraser’ s theory of justice, this paper analyzed the factors hindering the political participation of the new generation of migrant workers from eco-nomic, culture, education and political angles. This paper also discusses the dilemma of migrant workers in the dimensions of “redistribution”,“recognition” and“representation”. Finally, this paper looks for feasible paths for the “politics of recognition” and the “correct representation” of the new generation of migrant workers, to promote constructing the politics of recognition for the new generation of migrant workers.

  19. Employment Security of New Generation of Migrant Workers in the Context of the Construction of New Socialist Countryside%新农村建设背景下新生代农民工就业保障

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童松辉

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the employment process, status and problems of new generation of migrant workers, then puts forward seven strategies about the new generation of migrant workers social security in the future days, namely social insurance, rights legislation, employment guidance of community, employment management, trade union organization, educational model and policy guidance.%分析了新生代农民工就业现状和存在的问题,从社会保险、立法维权、社区就业指导、就业管理、工会组织、教育模式、政策引导7个方面提出了新生代农民工的社会保障策略.

  20. 75 FR 16000 - Temporary Employment of Foreign Workers in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    ... unless the employment of the foreign worker in the job opportunity will not adversely affect the wages or.... workers are actively recruited through the offer of wages, terms, benefits, and conditions at least at the... forth requirements for recruiting U.S. workers in accordance with this principle. (3) Construction....

  1. Occupational health care of radiation exposed workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The medical problems encountered by the earlier pioneer workers in radiation at the turn of the century are well known. In the 1928, the ICRP (International Committee for Radiological Protection) was instituted and the ALARA principle of radiation protection was evolved. Occupational health care is about maintaining the health and safety of workers in their workplaces. This involves using medical, nursing and engineering practices to achieve its objectives. In certain occupations, including those where workers are exposed to ionising radiation, some of these principles are enshrined in the legislation and would require statutory compliance. Occupational health care of radiation workers seek to prevent ill health arising from exposure to radiation by consolidating the benefits of exposures control and dosimetry. This is via health surveillance for spillages, contamination and exposures to unsealed sources of radiation. It is unlikely that can plan and hope to cater for a Chernobyl type of disaster. However, for the multitude of workers in industry exposed to radiation, control models are available. These are from the more in industrialize countries with a nuclear based energy industry, and where radioactive gadgetry are used in places ranging from factories and farms to construction sites. These models involve statutory requirements on the standard of work practices, assessment of fitness to work and the monitoring of both the worker and the workplace. A similar framework of activity is present in Malaysia. This will be further enhanced with the development of her general health and safety at work legislation. (author)

  2. "El cliente siempre tiene la razón": procesos de construcción de subjetividad en trabajadores jóvenes de una cadena multinacional de supermercados en la ciudad de Rosario "Client´s always right": Subjectivity construction´s process in young workers of a multinational chain of supermarkets in Rosario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Guiamet

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo abordamos la problemática de la construcción de subjetividad de trabajadores jóvenes de supermercados desde la perspectiva de su relación con el cliente, ya que consideramos que en ésta se articulan una serie de dimensiones significativas del trabajo en supermercados. Las políticas empresariales en la actualidad tienden a incorporar a la subjetividad obrera en el proceso de valorización del capital y, en este sentido, la atención al cliente se constituye en un mecanismo clave para lograrlo. Además, nos preguntamos cómo se da la apropiación de estos mecanismos por parte de los trabajadores en los procesos de trabajo concretos de atención al cliente, destacando que, si bien estas políticas son eficaces, las prácticas de los trabajadores también conllevan implícitas resignificaciones, apropiaciones y límites frente a estas políticas.In this work we deal with the problem of the subjectivity construction of supermarket´s young workers from the perspective of their relationship with the client, since we consider that in this one a series of significant dimentions of the work in supermarkets are articulated. Nowadays, business politics tend to incorporate workers´ subjectivity in the capital´s appreciation process and, in this sense, attention to customer becomes a key mechanism to achieve it. Besides, we ask ourselves how workers aproppiate this mechanisms in concrete work process of attention to client, emphasizing that, beyond this politics´s effectiveness, workers´ practices also take implicit resignifications, appropiations and limits.

  3. - Construction Workers’ Satisfaction with Work Provision Requirement Dimensions in Ghana’s Construction Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Humphrey Danso

    2012-01-01

    This paper, sought to empirically assess and analyze workers’ satisfaction with different dimensions of work provision requirement of the construction industry in Ghana. It involved a cross-sectional survey that used a self-administered structured questionnaire administered to five hundred respondents of building construction workers. The findings indicate that though workers are satisfied with some work provision requirement dimension items significantly, most of the workers are very dissati...

  4. Migrant workers and labor market segmentation in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, H

    1994-01-01

    The amended Immigration Control Act of 1990 focused on 1) redefinition of the resident status of foreign nationals, 2) clarification of immigration regulations, and 3) countermeasures to cope with the problem of illegal migrant workers. Tough penalties were introduced for illegal employment. The reform paved the way for third generation Nikkei (foreigners of Japanese ancestry) and also opened the door to non-Nikkei married to second generation Nikkei to reside in the country. The migration of Nikkei workers to Japan dates back to the beginning of the 1980s. The Technical Intern Training Program introduced in 1993 also opened a legal channel for the employment of unskilled or semi-skilled foreigners. The categories of foreign workers were heavily concentrated in the automobile and electric appliances industries, mostly as assembly line workers. Foreign students and clandestine workers had a wider dispersion in the labor force than the Nikkei. Students often find work in the urban service sector while attending school. Clandestine male workers predominate in the construction industry as unskilled workers. According to the size of firms, small firms had had the most acute labor shortages in the past 15 years prior to 1994, especially in the late 1980s. The Immigration Law of 1990 brought major changes in the hiring practices of large firms that began hiring legal workers such as the Nikkei, while small firms continued hiring clandestine workers from Asian countries. Foreign workers also earned almost as much as native part-time workers and sometimes even outstripped native seasonal workers. In terms of wages, Nikkei South Americans were on the top followed by Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Sri Lankans, Nepalese, Ghanians, and Iranians on the bottom. Unskilled foreign workers generally had a high turnover rate with the Nikkei showing the lowest rate. Only 7% of the Nikkei changed jobs more than four times vs. 16-17% of foreign students and 21% of clandestine workers.

  5. Migrant workers and labor market segmentation in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, H

    1994-01-01

    The amended Immigration Control Act of 1990 focused on 1) redefinition of the resident status of foreign nationals, 2) clarification of immigration regulations, and 3) countermeasures to cope with the problem of illegal migrant workers. Tough penalties were introduced for illegal employment. The reform paved the way for third generation Nikkei (foreigners of Japanese ancestry) and also opened the door to non-Nikkei married to second generation Nikkei to reside in the country. The migration of Nikkei workers to Japan dates back to the beginning of the 1980s. The Technical Intern Training Program introduced in 1993 also opened a legal channel for the employment of unskilled or semi-skilled foreigners. The categories of foreign workers were heavily concentrated in the automobile and electric appliances industries, mostly as assembly line workers. Foreign students and clandestine workers had a wider dispersion in the labor force than the Nikkei. Students often find work in the urban service sector while attending school. Clandestine male workers predominate in the construction industry as unskilled workers. According to the size of firms, small firms had had the most acute labor shortages in the past 15 years prior to 1994, especially in the late 1980s. The Immigration Law of 1990 brought major changes in the hiring practices of large firms that began hiring legal workers such as the Nikkei, while small firms continued hiring clandestine workers from Asian countries. Foreign workers also earned almost as much as native part-time workers and sometimes even outstripped native seasonal workers. In terms of wages, Nikkei South Americans were on the top followed by Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Sri Lankans, Nepalese, Ghanians, and Iranians on the bottom. Unskilled foreign workers generally had a high turnover rate with the Nikkei showing the lowest rate. Only 7% of the Nikkei changed jobs more than four times vs. 16-17% of foreign students and 21% of clandestine workers. PMID

  6. What makes workers happy?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Meer, P.H.; Wielers, R.J.J.

    2013-01-01

    This article answers the question what makes workers happy? It does so by combining insights from micro-economics, sociology and psychology. Basis is the standard utility function of a worker that includes income and hours of work and is elaborated with job characteristics. In this way it is possibl

  7. A multidimensional approach for selecting child care workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, J W; Joy, D S; Martin, S L

    1990-10-01

    A multidimensional selection battery was designed to predict a variety of criteria important in the selection of child care workers. The battery assesses constructs related to honesty, violence, substance abuse, emotional stability and safety. A series of studies were used to test the validity of the selection battery. Scores on the test battery were compared with those from three alternative selection procedures to define the measured constructs. Three additional studies show the relation of scores on the selection battery and the behavior of child care workers. The test battery was correlated with the job performance of child care workers and identified adults convicted for sexual offenses against minors. PMID:2263707

  8. HIV/AIDS and Croatian migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stulhofer, Aleksandar; Brouillard, Pamela; Nikolić, Nebojga; Greiner, Nina

    2006-12-01

    Due to their geographical mobility and long periods of separation from intimate partners, migrant workers are at increased risk for a variety of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS. This study sought to investigate patterns in HIV/AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and sexual behaviour in migrant workers in Croatia. In 2003, 566 male migrant workers were recruited during regular required medical examinations and surveyed at seven locations throughout the country. Each participant was asked to complete a self-administered KABP (sexual knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices) questionnaire. The average age of respondents was 38.2 years and the majority worked as seafarers (77.3%) and construction workers (20.5%). Only 18.5% of respondents were able to correctly answer all 13 questions assessing knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Seafarers reported higher levels of knowledge than did construction workers. The average respondent reported having had two sexual partners in the last 12 months, with slightly over half of the respondents (55.3%) reporting condom use at their last intercourse with a casual partner. One fifth of the respondents (20.3%) who reported having had intercourse with a sex worker during the last year reported not using condoms at last intercourse. The number of sexual partners was correlated with age, marital status, faith in God, and personal HIV risk assessment. Attitudes toward condom use, co-workers' HIV/AIDS concerns and the duration of migrant status (within the last two years) were shown to be significant correlates of condom use at last intercourse with a casual partner. The effect of HIV/AIDS related knowledge on analyzed behaviors did not reach statistical significance. Inadequate patterns of migrant workers' condom use, gaps in knowledge about HIV transmission and modes of protection, as well as widespread ignorance regarding available anonymous HIV testing found by this study suggest a critical need for expert intervention to

  9. Governmentalities of Construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottlieb, Stefan; Jensen, Jens Stissing

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we apply Foucault’s concept of governmentality in a dual analysis of the formation and transformation of the construction sector and the construction worker. The governmentality concept is well-suited for such an analysis as it directs attention to the ways in which control...... is the exercised over a specific area of institutional life through the shaping of individuals’ conduct. We argue that construction, as a coherent sector, first was rendered governable in the 1940s in order to achieve national modernisation. It is shown how the political measures that were based on the exercise...

  10. 皖江城市带农民工社会保障体系的构建策略%Construction Strategies of Social Security System for Wan-jiang Urban Belt' s Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴翠萍

    2011-01-01

    介绍了关于农民工社会保障问题的理论争辩与实践探索,分析了皖江农民工社会保障问题的政策指向与保障的层次:农民工第一层次社会保障重在实施工资支付保障、工伤保险;第二层次强调大病保险和养老保险;第三层次则是失业保险和社会救助.提出了构建皖江农民工社会保障体系的基本策略:推行区域内联动的农民工工资支付保障制度;建立由企业统一负担的工伤保险制度;建立社会统筹的大病医疗制度;建立多层级农民工养老保险制度;建立积极的农民工就业与创业指导制度和失业保险制度;建立以最低生活保障为核心的社会救助制度.%Theoretical debate and practice exploration on social security of migrant workers were introduced. The political direction and security layer on social security of migrant workers were analyzed: the first layer is to implement wage payment guarantee and employment injury insurance; the second layer is to emphasize serious disease insurance and endowment insurance; the third layer is unemployed insurance and social assistance. The primary strategy of building a social security system for migrant workers was put up: wage payment guarantee system that is united in certain regions should be promoted; employment injury insurance system that is undertaken by enterprises should be built; a social health care system for serious diseases should be set up; multi-layers endowment insurance system for migrant workers should be created; vocational training and training in how to start a business should be built as well as the unemployment insurance system; social assistant system based on the basic cost of living allowances should be set up.

  11. Asthma among mink workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grøntved, Berit; Carstensen, Ole; Petersen, Rolf;

    2014-01-01

    We report two cases of asthma among mink workers. The first case is about a mink farmer who had asthma that was difficult to treat. In the medical history there was no clear relation to work, and no conclusive work relation with peak flow monitoring. He had a positive histamine release test to mink...... urine. The second case is about a mink farm worker, who had an asthma attack when handling mink furs. Peak flow monitoring showed a clear relation to this work, but there were no signs of allergy. We conclude that these two cases suggest an increased risk of asthma among mink workers....

  12. 流行文艺与新生代农民工主流价值观的构建%Pop Literature and the Construction of Mainstream Values for the New Generation of Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈超

    2014-01-01

    新生代农民工的群体价值观存在缺乏吃苦耐劳精神、责任意识差且消费盲目、患有“城市冷漠症”等问题,结合流行文艺的特点及传播优势,在创作中融入主流价值观文化元素、构建主流价值观的接受途径、建立科学的评价方法和反馈手段等方法来构建新生代农民工的主流价值观,这对于和谐社会的构建具有现实意义。%There are some problems with the new generation of migrant workers as a group, such as lacking the spirit of bearing hardships, poor responsibility consciousness, blind consumption, "city apathy" and other issues. Combined with the characteristics and advantages of popular literature, this paper advocates blending the cultural elements of the mainstream values in literary creation, establishing ways of accepting the mainstream values, and formulating scientific evaluation methods and means of feedback to establish mainstream values for the new generation of migrant workers. It has practical signiifcance for building a harmonious society.

  13. On Legal Construction of Workers' Salary Growth Mechanism%论劳动者工资正常增长机制的建立及其法律完善

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨娟; 何志昌

    2012-01-01

    随着我国经济的高速发展,对GDP做出主要贡献的劳动者要求公平分享社会发展成果的诉求在不断高涨。为使劳动者能够公平分得改革发展的成果,必须建立劳动者工资正常增长机制,即企业职工工资随经济效益提高及其他有关因素变化而相应协调、合理、持续增长的制度化的运行方式。%With the rapid economic development, workers make a major contribution to the GDP and at the same time have a rising demands of a fair share of the fruits of social development. In order to let workers have a fair share of the fruits of development, it is imperative to establish the mechanisms of normal growth of wages of laborers. In a word, salary should change in terms of the advancement of economy and other factors in a corresponding, reasonable, continue - growing institutional way.

  14. 我国建筑行业农民工工作努力程度的机制设计研究%DESIGNING MECHANISM AND RESEARCH ON THE EFFORTS OF CHINA' S CONSTRUCTION OF MIGRANT WORKERS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莽; 李长青; 彭佳

    2011-01-01

    Because of the problem existed in the excitation mechanism of "contracter" and" Day workers" in achitecture industry, based on the principle-agent theory, and using the game theory this paper proper new mechanism old one.The new Mechanism of Win - win between Off - farm workers and contractoris to increase revenue of the Ibrmer, reduce monitoring costs of the latter, and improve the Overall quality of the Engineering.%本文针对建筑行业目前流行的"包工"、"包点"激励机制存在的问题,基于委托-代理理论,应用博弈分析方法设计一个激励机制来改进"包工"、"包点"的旧激励机制.新设计的机制是一个双赢的机制,既可以增加建筑农民工收益,同时又可以减少承包商的监督成本,提高工程的整体质量.

  15. Tobacco Workers in 1916

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    I looked at the women in the photo carefully,judging theirage from the style of their hair and clothes,and guessingtheir mood at the time when the photo was taken. On this photo there are about 50 workers from theNanyang Brothers Tobacco Company,who are sitting in thefactory working.It seems they are married women, for allwear their hair in buns.Behind them stand two men in white;they may be the foremen. Women tobacco workers were one branch of Chinesewomen workrs in modern industry.At the end of the 1900’s,the reeling.cotton spinning,match and cigarette trades usedwomen workers extensively.They were mainly employed inenterprises with more than 500 workers,chiefly in cotton,silkand weaving mills.They also amassed in the tobacco trade,

  16. The workers radiation protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This file gathers contributions and points of view from different actors of the workers radiation protection, included two foreign contributions making reference to Spanish and British practices. (N.C.)

  17. Health of radiation workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation workers are healthier than the average person in the general population and appear to be as healthy as workers in other ΣsafeΣ industries. It is, however, assumed that there is no safe dose of radiation and that any exposure to radiation will cause a small increase in the incidence of cancer, this increase being directly proportional to the total radiation dose. On the basis of the risk estimates given by ICRP, radiation exposures up to 1 rem per year for 47 years are predicted to cause fewer work-related deaths than expected for the average worker in Canadian industry. Radiation exposures of 5 rem per year from age 18 to 65 would result in predicted risk which is about four times higher than that for most workers in Canada and might increase the chances of death before age 75 to nearly the same level as for the average member of the general public. (auth)

  18. Migrant Workers Fight Back

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUBO

    2005-01-01

    Zhao, aged 33, is a migrant worker in a shoe factory in Shenzhen, the prosperous southern Chinese city. He arrived there hve years ago from his home village in north Jiangsu province, a notoriously poverty struck region of China.

  19. Dependency and Worker Flirting

    OpenAIRE

    Konecki, Krzysztof

    1990-01-01

    The present paper concentrates on 'worker flirting' as one of the forms of interactional ritual in the culture of an organization. It is thus only an illustration of the interactional dimension of the culture of an organization. The paper deals with interactional ritual in an industrial organization and is based on an empirical study carried out in a radio-electrical plant, "Z," which employs 1,500 workers. The author carried out a period of three-months covert participant observation and...

  20. Advanced worker protection system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldwell, B.; Duncan, P.; Myers, J. [Oceaneering Space Systems, Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-10-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is in the process of defining the magnitude and diversity of Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) obligations at its numerous sites. The DOE believes that existing technologies are inadequate to solve many challenging problems such as how to decontaminate structures and equipment cost effectively, what to do with materials and wastes generated, and how to adequately protect workers and the environment. Preliminary estimates show a tremendous need for effective use of resources over a relatively long period (over 30 years). Several technologies are being investigated which can potentially reduce D&D costs while providing appropriate protection to DOE workers. The DOE recognizes that traditional methods used by the EPA in hazardous waste site clean up activities are insufficient to provide the needed protection and worker productivity demanded by DOE D&D programs. As a consequence, new clothing and equipment which can adequately protect workers while providing increases in worker productivity are being sought for implementation at DOE sites. This project describes the development of an Advanced Worker Protection System (AWPS) which will include a life-support backpack with liquid air for cooling and as a supply of breathing gas, protective clothing, respirators, communications, and support equipment.

  1. Strategies and Methods of Early Intervention of Unsafe Behaviors for Construction Workers Based on Vulnerability%建筑工人不安全行为的早期干预策略与方法——基于脆弱性视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩豫; 梅强; 刘素霞; 孙莹

    2015-01-01

    In order to improve the proactiveness,a new early intervention model of unsafe behaviors for construction workers, this study starts from vulnerability and comes up with the key strategies,methods and approaches by using behaviors survey,evolution reasoning and case study,based on vulnerability and technologies of behaviors intervention. The results show that there are positive correlations between vulnerability and susceptibility of workers,and between vulnerability and fragility of workers. There are negative correlations between vulnerability and reliability of workers' behaviors,and between vulnerability and safety of workers' behaviors. The key strategy of the early intervention of unsafe behaviors for construction workers focused on vulnerability is controlling and adjusting proactively,based on early recognition and prediction of unsafe behaviors. It includes several related methods and has an integrated approach with multi-processes,multi-levels and multi-factors. This model pays a lot attentions to the effects of the interaction between environmental and individual factors to safe behavior modeling and unsafe behavior intervention. So it has significant advantages in integration,dynamics and proactiveness.%为了提高建筑工人不安全行为干预的前摄性,以脆弱性为切入点,通过行为调查、演化推理和案例分析等途径,结合行为改变技术,提出了建筑工人不安全行为早期干预的核心策略、关键方法和实施路径.结果表明:脆弱性与建筑工人的易感性和易损性正相关,与行为的可靠性和安全性负相关;建筑工人不安全行为早期干预的核心策略是主动识别不安全行为特征并预测发展趋势,进而实施前摄控制和矫正,包含不安全行为的早期识别、前摄控制、趋势预测和前摄矫正等过程和方法,拥有一个多过程、多层次、多因素并举的综合型实施模式;建筑工人不安全行为早期干预重视各种环境和个体

  2. Representações do trabalho informal e dos riscos à saúde entre trabalhadoras domésticas e trabalhadores da construção civil Representations of informal jobs and health risks among housemaids and construction workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Alberto Bernstein Iriart

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Nas últimas décadas, o mercado de trabalho no Brasil tem apresentado um aumento de trabalhadores não registrados. Trabalhadores informais, além de remunerações abaixo do mínimo legal, não contam com seguridade social, e medidas de prevenção de riscos. Este estudo teve por objetivo a análise das representações e percepções sobre a informalidade do contrato de trabalho e dos riscos à saúde entre trabalhadores informais acidentados. A pesquisa foi qualitativa, baseada em entrevistas em profundidade realizadas com dezessete trabalhadores, nove trabalhadoras domésticas e oito operários da construção civil. Observou-se que os trabalhadores reconhecem a importância do trabalho formal, principalmente pela garantia dos direitos trabalhistas, apontando a desvalorização simbólica do trabalho informal com repercussão em sua auto-estima. Ambos os grupos tenderam a minimizar os riscos de acidentes de trabalho, e não associaram o trabalho informal a maior risco de acidentes ou doenças. Identificou-se a necessidade sentida de formalização dos vínculos de trabalho pelos trabalhadores. Os resultados do estudo demonstram a necessidade de maior divulgação e discussão dos direitos trabalhistas e da construção de políticas públicas que contemplem a segurança e saúde destes trabalhadores.During the past few decades, the Brazilian labor market has been characterized by an increase of unregistered workers, earning lower wages, not covered by social insurance or occupational risk prevention programs. This study describes the representations and perceptions about informal work contracts and job-related health risks, analyzed in a group of injured unregistered workers. This was a qualitative study based on in-depth interviews carried out with seventeen laborers, nine housemaids and eight construction workers. The findings indicate that workers recognize the importance of formal jobs, mainly because of legal guarantees of labor rights

  3. Effectiveness evaluation of the intervention for AIDS related knowledge, attitude and behavior among expressway construction workers%某高速公路筑路工人艾滋病知识态度及行为干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋伟; 朱长才; 杨芳; 姚璇; 彭红艳; 郑武

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of the HIV/AIDS intervention toolkit for HIV/AIDS related knowledge, attitude and behavior among expressway construction workers. Method AIDS-related knowledge was combined with interactive games to compose a set of interactive HIV/AIDS intervention toolkit. The toolkit was used among the construction workers as an intervention, and AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behavior among them were assessed before and after the intervention. Results The total awareness rate of HIV/AIDS related knowledge in the target population increased from 60. 0% to 75. 2% and the effectiveness of the intervention had a significant difference (P<0. 05); the total rate of positive attitudes increased from 51. 5% to 64. 7% (P<0. 05). Conclusion The total awareness rate of HIV/ADIS related knowledge and the total rate of positive attitude can be improved by using the HIV/AIDS intervention toolkit among the expressway construction workers.%目的 评价应用健康干预工具包,对在建高速公路筑路工人进行艾滋病(AIDS)知识、态度及行为干预的效果.方法 将艾滋病相关知识融入各种游戏中,组成一套互动式的健康干预工具包,使用该工具包对筑路工人开展干预活动,调查分析干预前后目标人群艾滋病相关知识、态度及行为情况.结果 筑路工人艾滋病知识总知晓率由干预前的60.0%提高到干预后的75.2%(P<0.05),总体正性态度率由干预前的51.5%提高到干预后的64.7% (P<0.05).结论 应用艾滋病防治干预包对目标人群进行系列干预,可提高目标人群艾滋病相关知识知晓和正性态度.

  4. - Construction Workers’ Satisfaction with Work Provision Requirement Dimensions in Ghana’s Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humphrey Danso

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper, sought to empirically assess and analyze workers’ satisfaction with different dimensions of work provision requirement of the construction industry in Ghana. It involved a cross-sectional survey that used a self-administered structured questionnaire administered to five hundred respondents of building construction workers. The findings indicate that though workers are satisfied with some work provision requirement dimension items significantly, most of the workers are very dissatisfied with working environment and work benefit of the work provision requirement in Ghana. The management of construction firms in Ghana and policy makers are called upon to focus and redirect attention and effort to ensuring that work provision requirement that workers are dissatisfied with are improved significantly to meet workers expectations. The paper contributes to the general body of knowledge in the area of workers’ satisfaction in developing countries particularly in Ghana’s construction industry. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed.

  5. The Future of the Migrant Workers: the Issue of Pensioning of the Retired Migrant Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boxia Liu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The first generation migrant workers contributed a lot to the construction of the cities with the lowest wages and the hardest work. On the other hand, due to flaws in the current social insurance systems, unclear responsibility of enterprises, insufficient understanding of the migrant workers themselves, there appear the dilemma that the cities refuse to care for migrant workers while the countryside cannot undertake the task and the traditional family and land-supporting model also fails to do so. And this has become an urgent problem faced the whole society. This paper, by analyzing the predicament and the issues of the care service of the retired migrant workers, presents solutions such as bettering the insurance system, quickening the law making, and popularizing the idea of responsibilities and consciousness of the enterprises and the farmer workers. It also calls for a power financial support from the government, and a way to unite the transitional system of the insurance policies, with strict supervision and management to protect the lawful interest of the migrant workers.

  6. The Continuance and Construct of the Acquaintances Social Networks of the Migrant Workers:Analysis on the Theory of Trust%农民工传统熟人社会网络的延续与建构--一个信任分析视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭庆; 吴瑞君; 张红星

    2013-01-01

    The trust in acquaintances social networks still plays a major role in the survival and development of the migrant workers. In the day-to-day emotional exchanges and mutual assistance process, the trust between migrant workers is con-structed. Viewing from an angel of interpersonal trust, Because of habit, familiar with similar sexual identity, geographical close, contacts with acquaintances social networks can reduce risk and psychological cost of exchanges, and then, bring in a little more sense of security and trust.%传统熟人社会网络的信任模式在农民工的城市生存和发展中仍旧发挥着主要作用。在日常情感交往与互助的过程中,农民工之间的信任关系得以延续和建构。从信任视角分析,因为惯习、熟悉、相似性认同、地理上的靠近等,让农民工觉得,与熟人社会网络交往可以降低交往的风险和心理成本,也就多了几分安全感和信任感。

  7. 主流文化视角下农民工媒介形象建构的实证分析——以《人民日报》为例%An Empirical Analysis of the Construction of the Media Image of the Migrant Workers from the Perspective of the Mainstream Culture --Taking People's Daily as a Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱丹

    2012-01-01

    Compared with domestic local Metropolis, as the largest circulation in the party news- paper,in the construction of the media image of the migrant workers ,People'e Daily significantly re- duces the dual attitude of the past:overlooking or discrimination, and more beginning able human caring. However, through the analysis of relevant reports in the last 30 see, People' s Daily still has such problems as " labelling struction of the media image of the migrant workers. to show avalu- years, you can "," supporting", "othering", etc. in the con-%与国内一些地方都市报相比,作为发行量最大的党报——《人民日报》在对农民工媒介形象进行的构建中,明显减少了以往的俯视或者歧视的二元态度,更多的开始体现一种可贵的人性关怀。但通过对其30年以来相关报道的完整分析,可以看到,《人民日报》对农民工的形象建构尚存在对其进行"标签化"、"配角化"、"他者化"的弊病。

  8. 建筑工地农民工艾滋病和性传播疾病健康教育效果评价%Effects of health education on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and sexually transmitted diseases among migrant construction workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静; 徐刚; 蔡泳; 冯易; 仇玉兰

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of health education on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and sexually transmitted disease-related knowledge, attitude and practice among migrant construction workers. Methods Cluster random sampling was adopted to select 1 031 male migrant construction workers from 3 construction sites in a district of Shanghai, health education on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and sexually transmitted diseases were conducted, and the effects of health education were evaluated. Results The awareness rate of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and sexually transmitted disease-related knowledge after health education was significantly higher than that before health education among migrant construction workers (P < 0. 001). The awareness rate of transmission routes ( sex transmission, blood transmission and vertical transmission) and non-transmission routes of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was significantly increased after health education, especially on " antibody can not be detected during window period", "relationship between sexually transmitted diseases and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome" and "sexually transmitted diseases can be prevented by avoiding premarital sex". The attitude toward premarital sex and patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was significantly changed after health education. Among all the migrant construction workers, 49.4% chose not to avoid people infected with human immunodeficiency virus, and 64. 5% believed that patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome should live and work like a normal person. Behavior survey indicated that 54. 9% of migrant construction workers were for the use of condoms after health education. AH the above attitude and behavior were significantly different from those before health education ( P < 0. 01). Conclusion Health education is an effective measure to improve acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and sexually transmitted disease-related knowledge, attitude and

  9. IN HEALTH WORKERS LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT

    OpenAIRE

    MERT, Gülnur; OLKAÇ TÜRKMEN, Arzu

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study, the confidence of employees and managers of the organization's policies and procedures within the organization as a volunteer in a constructive manner and behavior is to examine the ongoing effort to change. For this purpose, field research and review of the literature was conducted. Confidence in the center of the social exchange to take place, taking into account confidence in the organization as a whole workers' organizations and employee organizations in express...

  10. Study on the Migrant Workers and the Construction of the System of Public Cultural Services in the Process of Urbanization%城市化进程中农民工与公共文化服务体系构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云飞

    2014-01-01

    文章从农民工的文化困境及权益保障出发,探讨了公共文化服务体系建设对促进农民工城市融入的意义与作用,以期为进一步提高我国城市化水平提供理论基础。%In combination with the cultural plight as well as the protection of rights and interests concerning the migrant workers, this article studies the significance of the construction of the system of public cultural ser-vices in facilitating migrant workers’integration into city life, which is expected to offer theoretical reference to China’s further urbanization.

  11. Método para classificação de tipos de erros humanos: estudo de caso em acidentes em canteiros de obras An algorithm for classifying error types of front-line workers: a case study in accidents in construction sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarcisio Abreu Saurin

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo principal desenvolver melhorias em um método de classificação de tipos de erros humanos de operadores de linha de frente. Tais melhorias foram desenvolvidas com base no teste do método em canteiros de obras, um ambiente no qual ele ainda não havia sido aplicado. Assim, foram investigados 19 acidentes de trabalho ocorridos em uma construtora de pequeno porte, sendo classificados os tipos de erros dos trabalhadores lesionados e de colegas de equipe que se encontravam no cenário do acidente. Os resultados indicaram que não houve nenhum erro em 70,5% das 34 vezes em que o método foi aplicado, evidenciando que as causas dos acidentes estavam fortemente associadas a fatores organizacionais. O estudo apresenta ainda recomendações para a interpretação das perguntas que constituem o método, bem como modificações em algumas dessas perguntas em comparação às versões anteriores.The objective of this study is to propose improvements in the algorithm for classifying error types of front-line workers. The improvements have been identified on the basis of testing the algorithm in construction sites, an environment where it had not been implemented it. To this end, 19 occupational accidents which occurred in a small construction company were investigated, and the error types of both injured workers and team members were classified. The results indicated that there was no error in 70.5% of the 34 times the algorithm was applied, providing evidence that the causes were strongly linked to organizational factors. Moreover, the study presents not only recommendations to facilitate the interpretation of the questions that constitute the algorithm, but also changes in some questions in comparison to the previous versions of the tool.

  12. Migration of health workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchan, James

    2008-01-01

    The discussion and debate stimulated by these papers focused across a range of issues but there were four main areas of questioning: "measuring" and monitoring migration (issues related to comparability, completeness and accuracy of data sets on human resources); the impact of migration of health workers on health systems; the motivations of individual health workers to migrate (the "push" and "pull" factors) and the effect of policies designed either to reduce migration (e.g "self ufficiency") or to stimulate it (e.g active international recruitment). It was recognised that there was a critical need to examine migratory flows within the broader context of all health care labour market dynamics within a country, that increasing migration of health workers was an inevitable consequence of globalisation, and that there was a critical need to improve monitoring so as to better inform policy formulation and policy testing in this area. PMID:18561695

  13. Empirical Study on Online Political Participation of Young Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan; KANG; Jianbin; FANG

    2015-01-01

    Popularization of network technology and development of online political participation expand approaches of young migrant workers participating in political affairs and raise interest and ability of young migrant workers participating in political affairs. Through questionnaire of young migrant workers participating in political affairs in Xi’an,Xianyang and Yangling,the survey team found that political participation of young migrant workers takes on following characteristics: active and positive online political concern,passive and profit seeking online political expression,and claim of right. Besides,online political participation of young migrant workers is related to region,cultural level,and occupation,but not related with their political status. Based on this survey,it came up with recommendations: governments at all levels should strengthen network information construction,carry out theoretical and practical training for online political participation of young migrant workers,establish online political participation government feedback mechanism and enhance party organization construction,and bring into play the lead model role of party members of young migrant workers in online political participation.

  14. Study on features of sexual behaviors and condom use among male construction workers in the urban areas of Shanghai%上海市城区男性建筑工人的性行为特征及安全套使用情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程华; 许磊; 任金马; 方蕙; 杨美霞; 汪红卫; 康来仪; Calzavara L.

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解上海市城区男性建筑工人的性行为特征、安全套使用情况及其影响因素,为大城市建筑工人的艾滋病性病防治策略提供依据.方法 随机整群抽样选择上海两个城区12个工地的1 163名工人进行面对面问卷调查,内容包括人口学特征、工作和生活情况、艾滋病及安全套的知识和态度、性行为及安全套使用情况等.结果 上海市城区男性建筑工人平均年龄(38.7±10.7)岁,小学及以下文化程度占22.0%,81.9%为已婚或同居;24.3%曾经有过多性伴,33.6%有过婚前性行为,10.5%有过婚外性行为,7.1%曾有商业性活动,而且73.7%很少或根本不使用安全套;年龄越大、每日工作时间越长的工人使用安全套的频率越低[比值比(Odds ratio,OR)分别为0.45和0.65].安全套使用的促进因素为安全套能有效预防艾滋病的知识、性伴不愿使用安全套时能劝说其使用的技巧,以及知道从哪儿获得安全套,OR依次为1.96、3.94和3.33.结论 男性建筑工人已成为大城市艾滋病/性病经性传播的重要桥梁人群,关注男性建筑工人并加大力度推广使用安全套已迫在眉睫.%Objective To describe features of sexual behaviors and condom use and the impact factors among the male construction workers in the urban areas of Shanghai, and to provide evidence for developing the strategy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexual transmitted infection (STI) prevention and control in metropolitan cities. Methods Randomized cluster sampling was used to recruit 1 163 workers from two districts of Shanghai, who were interviewed by face to face questionnaires. The content of the questions included demographic characteristics, working and living conditions, acquired immunodeficiency syndromes (AIDS) related knowledge, attitude and behavior, and condom use. Results The mean age of the surveyed workers was (38.7 + 10.7) years. Of them 22. 0% had primary schooling

  15. The older worker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulks, J S; Fallon, L F

    2001-01-01

    About one person in eight remains employed past 65, the average age for retirement in the U.S. These persons tend to be highly reliable. They can adapt and learn new technology, but may require extra time to do so. Older workers have particular needs in the workplace due to physiological changes that accompany aging. They may require more lighting, and they may have decreased mobility, physical strength, and dexterity. These factors often have no impact on their ability to accomplish job duties. This chapter underscores the significant contributions that older workers often provide, and also addresses retirement planning.

  16. Investigation and analysis of the influential factors leading to the reckless behaviors of the construction workers originated from the migrant farmers based on SEM%基于SEM的建筑业农民工安全行为影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静; 李洁

    2016-01-01

    根据事故原因分析,近90%的安全事故是由工人的不安全行为引起的,因此,提高农民工安全意识,改进其安全行为,对减少安全事故的发生有重要意义.首先从建筑业安全现状出发,介绍了安全行为的概念和特点,并运用“4M1E”法分析了我国近年来发生的重大安全事故,从而得出农民工安全行为的影响因素.然后采用问卷调查法,对这些影响因素进行调查和分析,并提出相应的理论假设,进行了基于SEM的安全行为影响因素验证.结果表明,个人因素、管理因素和方法因素对农民工安全行为有显著影响.%Through an in-depth analysis of the decisive influential factors leading to the serious current civilian construction accidents,the paper has found that about 90% of the construction safety accidents are caused from the temporarily migrants from the countryside.It is just for the said reason that this paper aims to provide a new approach to and have a new idea for preparing corresponding measures for changing the situation badly needed to be improved based on an analysis of the various causes of the accidents.First of all,we would like to introduce to the current safety situation of the civilian construction industry,the concept and characteristic of the safety behaviors by summarizing the results for its investigation of the safety behavior criteria both provided by the home and foreign scholars in the paper.And,then,we would like to introduce an in-depth analysis of the typical security incidents that have occurred in recent years by analyzing the key influential factors accounting for the safety behaviors of the temporary countryside-originated building workers through an analysis framework "4M1E" (namely,Man,Material,Method,Management and Environment),with the key decisive factors,such as the human factor,the material factor,the working method factor,managerial factor,the environment factor and the other related factors.Based on

  17. Injury among migrant workers in Changning district, Shanghai, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Q H; Jiang, Y; Yin, N; Hu, J; Niu, C J

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to characterise the injury epidemic and injury prevention needs of migrant workers in Shanghai. Cluster random sampling was applied in selecting subjects in migrant gathering areas, and face-to-face interview survey was conducted in this study. In this survey, 1256 migrant workers were included, among which the injury incidence in last one year was 38.3%. The first four injuries were incised and penetrating injury (9.5%), falls (7.2%), traffic injury (6.3%) and burns (5.3%). The injury incidence of male workers was significantly higher than that of female workers (χ(2) = 22.7, P construction workers were at the highest risk of getting injured. About 60.7% of injury episodes happened at a residence. The longest period of absence from work was up to 3 months due to falls, while the highest medical expense was near 9999 CNY ($1464.2) caused by traffic injury. About 62.9% of migrant workers need services on injury prevention. It is concluded that compared with urban registered residents, migrant workers have significantly higher incidence of injury in Shanghai. Injury prevention services are in urgent demand among the migrant workers.

  18. Arriesgarse para no perder el empleo: las secuelas en la salud de los obreros de la construcción del Mercosur Taking risks in order not to loose one's job: the health sequels for construction workers in Mercosur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Alejandra Silva

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Los proyectos de construción más publicitados en los países miembros del Mercosur carecen de referencias a la gestión preventiva de los riesgos del trabajo y la salud, dentro de los pliegos de licitaciones o los estudios de factibilidad. Por eso, se intenta plantear el estado actual del debate sobre los riesgos del trabajo en obras de la construcción. El objetivo fue interpretar los determinantes sociales del proceso de salud-enfermedad en la obra e identificar los modos de gestión de los riesgos del trabajo. La metodología es cuali-cuantitativa, mediante el uso de los datos secundarios (censos y encuestas; la técnica de observación directa en las obras, las entrevistas y las encuestas. Además se analizan los alcances de las negociaciones en el subgrupo 10 y 11 del Mercosur. Como corolario, se plantean las limitaciones de los sistemas de cobertura y de registro de enfermedades y accidentes laborales dentro de un crecimiento del "empleo no registrado" y el "empleo informal"; a partir de su contraste con el enfoque de la salud globalizada y la gestión de los riesgos en cada fase de la obra.The most publicized construction projects in Mercosur member-countries lack references for work risks and health preventive management, in bidding documents and feasibility studies. That is why we intend to draw a picture of the current state of the debate on work risks in construction works. The aim was to interpret social determinants of the health-disease process in construction sites and to identify the ways for managing work risks. The methodology adopted was quali-quantitative, with use of secondary data (census and polls; the direct observation technique in construction sites; interviews and polls. Besides, the scope of negotiations in the 10 and 11 Mercosur subgroups are examined. Finally, limitations of cover systems and record of labor diseases and accidents are argued, within a rise in "non-registered employment" and "informal employment

  19. Training "Expendable" Workers: Temporary Foreign Workers in Nursing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Alison; Foster, Jason; Cambre, Carolina

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore the experiences of Temporary Foreign Workers in health care in Alberta, Canada. In 2007-2008, one of the regional health authorities in the province responded to a shortage of workers by recruiting 510 health-care workers internationally; most were trained as Registered Nurses (RNs) in the Philippines.…

  20. WORKERS FINDING A VOICE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The recent cases of U.S. fast-food giants McDonald’s and KFC, accused of underpaying and exploiting part-time workers in their Chinese branches, have put labor relations under the spotlight. With deepening market-oriented economic reforms and an increasi

  1. Radiation protection of workers

    OpenAIRE

    Niu, Shengli

    2011-01-01

    Provides information about the size of the workforce affected by, and the occupational activities associated with, exposure to radiation and the relevant ILO instruments on the protection of workers. Mentions the ILO Convention on Radiation Protection, 1960 (No. 115), and its accompanying Recommendation (No. 114).

  2. Chinese Workers' Real Demand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2010-01-01

    @@ A new generation different from their elders Cheap labor has built Chinas economic miracle.As China's economy has bounced back,wages have followed suit.But,for the new generation of Chinese migrant workers,wages are not enough to meet their needs.

  3. Another Look at Women Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodson, R.

    1986-01-01

    Women now comprise 30 percent of trade union membership worldwide. The International Labour Organisation's Workers' Education Branch is attempting to improve the status of women workers and increase their participation in union activities and labor education. (SK)

  4. Human rights and health disparities for migrant workers in the UAE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sönmez, Sevil; Apostolopoulos, Yorghos; Tran, Diane; Rentrope, Shantyana

    2011-12-15

    Systematic violations of migrant workers' human rights and striking health disparities among these populations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are the norm in member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Migrant laborers comprise about 90 percent of the UAE workforce and include approximately 500,000 construction workers and 450,000 domestic workers. Like many other GCC members countries, the UAE witnessed an unprecedented construction boom during the early 2000s, attracting large numbers of Western expatriates and increasing demand for cheap migrant labor. Elite Emiratis' and Western expatriates' dependence on household staff further promoted labor migration. This paper offers a summary of existing literature on migrant workers and human rights in the UAE, focusing on their impact on related health ramifications and disparities, with specific attention to construction workers, domestic workers, and trafficked women and children. Construction workers and domestic laborers are victims of debt bondage and face severe wage exploitation, and experience serious health and safety problems resulting from inhumane work and living conditions. High rates of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse impact the health of domestic workers. Through a review of available literature, including official reports, scientific papers, and media reports, the paper discusses the responsibility of employers, governments, and the global community in mitigating these problems and reveals the paucity of systematic data on the health of migrant workers in the Gulf.

  5. Human rights and health disparities for migrant workers in the UAE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sönmez, Sevil; Apostolopoulos, Yorghos; Tran, Diane; Rentrope, Shantyana

    2011-01-01

    Systematic violations of migrant workers' human rights and striking health disparities among these populations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are the norm in member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Migrant laborers comprise about 90 percent of the UAE workforce and include approximately 500,000 construction workers and 450,000 domestic workers. Like many other GCC members countries, the UAE witnessed an unprecedented construction boom during the early 2000s, attracting large numbers of Western expatriates and increasing demand for cheap migrant labor. Elite Emiratis' and Western expatriates' dependence on household staff further promoted labor migration. This paper offers a summary of existing literature on migrant workers and human rights in the UAE, focusing on their impact on related health ramifications and disparities, with specific attention to construction workers, domestic workers, and trafficked women and children. Construction workers and domestic laborers are victims of debt bondage and face severe wage exploitation, and experience serious health and safety problems resulting from inhumane work and living conditions. High rates of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse impact the health of domestic workers. Through a review of available literature, including official reports, scientific papers, and media reports, the paper discusses the responsibility of employers, governments, and the global community in mitigating these problems and reveals the paucity of systematic data on the health of migrant workers in the Gulf. PMID:22773029

  6. Nuclear worker and ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research on medical X-ray exposure sheds light on the health effects expected for workers exposed to ionizing radiation. Factual information confirming this relationship and also demonstrating the need for reviewing permissible exposure levels for workers is given. Suggestions for more sophisticated health monitoring of workers exposed to hazardous technologies are made, and the question of occupational hazards which threaten the worker's family is raised

  7. Workers' marginal costs of commuting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Ommeren, Jos; Fosgerau, Mogens

    2009-01-01

    This paper applies a dynamic search model to estimate workers' marginal costs of commuting, including monetary and time costs. Using data on workers' job search activity as well as moving behaviour, for the Netherlands, we provide evidence that, on average, workers' marginal costs of one hour...

  8. 强化干预对增强原南汇地区建筑工人艾滋病防治知识的效应%Effects of Strengthening Intervention on Knowledge of AIDS Prevention and Control among Construction Workers in Former Nanhui Area,Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许磊; 张枭; 朱瑛; 朱黎丹; 李世宏; 方蕙; 任金马; 黄星; Liviana Calzavara

    2011-01-01

    [目的]探究强化干预措施对增强原南汇地区建筑工人艾滋病防治知识的效应,及其相关影响因素.[方法]随机选择原南汇地区6个工地的657名建筑工人,将其随机分为一般干预组(发放小册子)和强化干预组(小册子+海报+展板+宣教DVD影片或增加面对面咨询).[结果]干预前,一般干预组和强化干预组建筑工人艾滋病相关知识得分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),且得分均较低;干预后,强化干预组知识得分与一般干预组相比差异有统计学意义(P0.05), while there was statistical significance in AIDS knowledge between the two groups(/'<0.01) after the interventions, and the rising amplitude in the strengthening intervention group was significantly higher than in the general intervention group; the older, less educated and with lower income the worker was, the better intervention effects would be achieved. [ Conclusion ] It is an effective measure to improve AIDS knowledge among construction workers by strengthening intervention. Meanwhile, such intervention should be repeated and intensified so as to avoid the oblivion of mastered knowledge.

  9. HOLISTIC MODEL OF KNOWLEDGE WORKER AND MARKET KNOWLEDGE VENTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telemtaev Marat Makhmetovich

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this work is the creation of model of knowledge of the worker of the enterprise and the concept of the market of knowledge of the enterprise and the market of knowledge of a society of knowledge. To purpose achievement it is applied complete-approach of Telemtaev M.M. The contradiction between the market in environment of the enterprise and absence of the market in the internal environment of the enterprise is shown. The role of capitalization of knowledge is shown. A number of new results is received. The general model of knowledge of the worker of the enterprise, and three private models of knowledge of the worker entering into it are developed. The Principle of complete-thinking and practice of the worker and the Principle of the organic replenishments of knowledge of the worker are formulated. It is established that a kernel of complete model of knowledge of the worker is set «ability and skill». The concept of technology of the market of knowledge of the enterprise is developed. As a methodological basis of technology of the market of knowledge the Law of industrialization of knowledge, the Law of mechanization of knowledge, the Law technologization knowledge, the Principle of enrichment of knowledge are formulated. Conditions of interaction of the worker and knowledge - PMK-literacy of the worker and FPI-availability of knowledge are established. The received results are sufficient for construction of base models of knowledge of workers and the concept of the market of knowledge of the concrete enterprise that allows the enterprise to create strategy of effective application of knowledge of workers and to develop advancing strategy of occurrence in the market of a society of knowledge.

  10. Imagem e movimento: o modo visual na construção da identidade do sem-terra Image and movement: the visual mode in the identity construction of landless workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanderlei J. Zacchi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudos sobre os multiletramentos têm chamado a atenção para a crescente importância de habilidades não-verbais no processo de aprendizagem e de construção de identidade, principalmente com o advento das novas tecnologias de comunicação. As habilidades, ou modos de produção de significado, mais importantes são cinco: visual, auditiva, gestual, espacial e multimodal. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar o visual como modo de produção de significado e sua relação com o modo linguístico nas mídias do MST. Embora o movimento coloque grande ênfase no verbal, o trabalho com imagens pode ser visto também como fonte de empoderamento e construção de identidade do sem-terra.Studies on multiliteracies have been placing great emphasis on nonverbal skills in learning and in identity construction, especially with the rise of new technologies of communication. The most significant skills, or modes of meaning-making, are five: the visual, the audio, the spatial, the gestural and the multimodal. This paper aims at analysing the visual as a mode of meaning-making and its interaction with the linguistic mode in the MST's electronic and print media. Although the landless movement places great emphasis on the written-textual mode, it has been highly skilful in dealing with images in ways which contribute to the empowerment and identity construction of the landless.

  11. Epidemiologic study of occupational injuries among foreign and native workers in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, T N; Liou, S H; Hsu, C C; Chao, S L; Liou, S F; Ko, K N; Yeh, W Y; Chang, P Y

    1997-05-01

    This study was designed to compare the risk of occupational injuries in foreign workers compared to native workers in Taiwan. The cohort of foreign workers under study was constructed by records of legally registered workers migrated from foreign countries to Taiwan from July 1, 1991 to December 31, 1993. The native Taiwanese workers for comparison were labor-insured workers working in the same industries as foreign workers in 1992. The number of occupational injuries in the first year of employment were obtained by matching the cohort of foreign workers with the labor insurance payment records by name, birth date and passport number. The 1-year incidence rate of occupational injuries in the first year of employment was calculated and a standardized morbidity ratio (SMR) was used for comparison with adjustment for age distribution and to accommodate the small sample size of foreign workers. The risk to occupational injuries among total (SMR = 0.86) and male (SMR = 0.58) foreign workers was not higher; indeed, it was even lower, than that among native workers in Taiwan. However, the risk to female migrant workers, especially in the construction industry, was significantly higher than that of female Taiwanese workers (SMR = 1.60). Stratified by industry, the incidence was high in the fabricated metal products manufacturing industry and in machinery and equipment manufacturing industry for male foreign workers, while a high incidence for the female foreign workers occurred in construction industry and rubber products manufacturing industry. The risk of occupational injuries was greater for foreign workers who had been in Taiwan for only a short time. Most of the injuries occurred within the first 6 months of employment. Eighty-four out of the 394 occupational injuries among foreign workers resulted in disabilities. None of the accidents was fatal, but most of the disabilities were severe. The most common disabling injuries were cut or crushed fingers. The finding of a

  12. Sex worker activism, feminist discourse and HIV in Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultana, Habiba

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between sex worker activism and HIV-related discourse in Bangladesh, relating recent developments in activism to the influence of feminist thought. Following their eviction in 1991 from brothels from red light areas, Bangladeshi sex workers started a social movement, at just about the same time that programmes started to work with sex workers to reduce the transmission of HIV. This paper argues that both sex worker activism and HIV-prevention initiatives find impetus in feminist pro-sex-work perspectives, which place emphasis on individual and collective agency. However, by participating in these programmes, sex workers failed to contest the imagery of themselves as 'vectors' of HIV. In this way, they were unwittingly complicit in reproducing their identity as 'polluting others'. Moreover, by focusing on individual behaviour and the agency of sex workers, HIV programmes ignored the fact that the 'choices' made by sex workers are influenced by a wide range of structural and discursive factors, including gender norms and notions of bodily purity, which in turn have implications for the construction of HIV-related risk.

  13. Sex worker activism, feminist discourse and HIV in Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultana, Habiba

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between sex worker activism and HIV-related discourse in Bangladesh, relating recent developments in activism to the influence of feminist thought. Following their eviction in 1991 from brothels from red light areas, Bangladeshi sex workers started a social movement, at just about the same time that programmes started to work with sex workers to reduce the transmission of HIV. This paper argues that both sex worker activism and HIV-prevention initiatives find impetus in feminist pro-sex-work perspectives, which place emphasis on individual and collective agency. However, by participating in these programmes, sex workers failed to contest the imagery of themselves as ‘vectors’ of HIV. In this way, they were unwittingly complicit in reproducing their identity as ‘polluting others’. Moreover, by focusing on individual behaviour and the agency of sex workers, HIV programmes ignored the fact that the ‘choices’ made by sex workers are influenced by a wide range of structural and discursive factors, including gender norms and notions of bodily purity, which in turn have implications for the construction of HIV-related risk. PMID:25588539

  14. DNA Damage among Wood Workers Assessed with the Comet Assay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruschweiler, Evin Danisman; Wild, Pascal; Huynh, Cong Khanh; Savova-Bianchi, Dessislava; Danuser, Brigitta; Hopf, Nancy B.

    2016-01-01

    Exposure to wood dust, a human carcinogen, is common in wood-related industries, and millions of workers are occupationally exposed to wood dust worldwide. The comet assay is a rapid, simple, and sensitive method for determining DNA damage. The objective of this study was to investigate the DNA damage associated with occupational exposure to wood dust using the comet assay (peripheral blood samples) among nonsmoking wood workers (n = 31, furniture and construction workers) and controls (n = 19). DNA damage was greater in the group exposed to composite wood products compared to the group exposed to natural woods and controls (P < 0.001). No difference in DNA damage was observed between workers exposed to natural woods and controls (P = 0.13). Duration of exposure and current dust concentrations had no effect on DNA damage. In future studies, workers’ exposures should include cumulative dust concentrations and exposures originating from the binders used in composite wood products. PMID:27398027

  15. Effects of different health interventions on KAP among construction workers in three central districts of Shanghai%不同健康教育模式对上海市中心城区建筑工人艾滋病知信行干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建军; 蔡晓峰; 曹桢; 许磊; 汪红卫; 任金马; 康来仪; Calzavara L.

    2012-01-01

    目的 探索不同的艾滋病健康教育干预模式的干预效果,为制定针对建筑工人的艾滋病防治措施提供依据.方法 随机抽取上海市3个区,并采用整群随机抽样,对18个建筑工地共1 873名建筑工人进行问卷调查,并根据干预模式将其随机分为低、中、高三个等级的组别,实施不同模式的健康干预,在干预前和干预后3个月随访,进行问卷调查.结果 艾滋病传播知识方面,干预后的平均得分显著高于干预前的平均得分(t=32.7,P≤0.001).干预前对艾滋病传播知识有一定了解的建筑工人,中度和高度干预组干预后的得分与干预前比较差异有统计学意义(2个干预等级P均≤0.001);干预前对艾滋病传播知识了解较少的建筑工人,干预后的得分与干预前比较差异有统计学意义(3个干预等级P均≤0.001).对艾滋病态度方面,干预后各组同情艾滋病病人的建筑工人均有增加,害怕、厌恶艾滋病病人的建筑工人有所减少,持“同情”,“害怕”两个观点的建筑工人数量在干预后于各个干预等级间差异有统计学意义(“同情”x2=7.8,P≤0.05,“害怕”x2=6.3,P≤0.05),高度干预组有更多的建筑工人对艾滋病病人持同情态度,更少持害怕态度.行为方面,建筑工人安全套使用无明显改变.结论 采取多种方式的健康干预措施,可有效提高建筑工人艾滋病传播知识的知晓率,减低对艾滋病病人的歧视,但行为无法在短期内改变,应尝试多次实施健康干预措施,促使其知信行一致.%Objective To explore the application of different models of health education among construction workers, to investigate the effectiveness of the intervention and to provide evidence for the targeted health education policy. Methods Eighteen construction sites in three districts of Shanghai were involved in the study. A face-to-face questionnaire survey was administered among randomly selected 1 873

  16. Collaboration of School Social Workers and Drug Prevention Staff in the Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemes, Helen

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the factors that are related to collaboration between high school social workers and substance abuse prevention/intervention counselors in New York State high schools (except for New York City high schools). Constructs that were analyzed were high school social workers' perceived adequacy in working with high school students'…

  17. 75 FR 63509 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ..., Workers' Wages Were Reported Under 14 W. Administrative Services, Agora, Inc. 73,395 Roddie Trucking, LLC..., Patient Accounting Dept., Leased Workers, Liberty and Tritech. 74,040 Cemex Construction Wampum, PA... Employment and Training Administration Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for...

  18. 某在建高速公路沿线女性性工作者艾滋病知识态度和行为干预效果评价%Evaluation of effectiveness of interventions related to AIDS knowledge, attitude and behavior among female sex workers along a highway under construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭红艳; 朱长才; 杨芳; 姚璇; 宋伟; 郑武

    2012-01-01

    目的 评价应用健康干预工具包,对在建高速公路沿线女性性工作者进行艾滋病知识、态度及行为的干预的效果.方法 随机抽取在建高速公路周边的120名女性性服务工作者作为研究对象,采用世界银行提供、湖北省疾病预防控制中心翻译调整的健康干预工具包,对女性性工作者进行系列干预,比较干预前后艾滋病知识、态度和行为的变化.结果 高速公路沿线女性性工作者艾滋病相关知识总知晓率,由干预前的59.4%提高到干预后的78.2%(P<0.05);愿意照顾患艾滋病家人的比例,由56.0%提高到干预后的83.8% (P<0.05).在商业性行为中,最近一个月与所有客人发生性行为时总是使用安全套的比例,由35.2%提高到干预后的61.6%(P<0.05).结论 采用健康干预工具包对目标人群进行系列干预,可在一定程度上提高女性性工作者的艾滋病防治知识、正性态度和安全套使用行为.%Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of health intervention toolkit related to AIDS knowledge, attitude and behavior among female sex workers along a highway under construction . Method The health intervention toolkit sponsored by the World Bank and adapted by Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control were used as intervention among the female sex workers along the highway under construction, and the changes of AIDS knowledge, attitude and behavior before and after the intervention were compared. Results The total awareness rate of AIDS-related knowledge among female sex workers along the highway increased to 78. 2% after the intervention from 59.1% before the interventionP<0. 05) , the number of people who were willing to care for their AIDS family members increased to 83. 8% from 56. 0%(P

  19. The World Bank's "Employing Workers" index

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, Sangheon; McCann, Deirdre; Torm, Nina Elisabeth

    2008-01-01

    This note provides an update on the ongoing debate over the World Bank's Doing Business project with a particular focus on its "Employing Workers" index, which is intended to measure difficulty of hiring, rigidity of working hours and difficulty of firing. The authors review the findings of studies...... that have used this index or been influenced by it and of those that inspired its construction. They go on to examine criticisms of this instrument, highlighting both conceptual and empirical problems. Their paper concludes with suggestions for alternative approaches and future research....

  20. On the Construction of a Good Relationship between Li-brary Workers and Readers in the Environment of Free Opening%免费开放环境下构建图书馆工作者与读者良好关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Under the environment of free opening, the library work is different from that of the former, and more and more situ-ations advent, which also relates to the quality of library work. Through analyzing the conflict between librarians and readers in the new environment, this paper explores how to construct a good relationship between library workers and readers.%  免费开放环境下,向来图书馆读书的读者服务的工作是与以前完全不同了,馆员的角色从传统的图书管理员向服务型的馆员转变,工作出现了越来越多的情况,如何构建图书馆工作者与读者良好关系,是关系到图书馆工作好坏的问题。本文是通过分析免费开放环境下馆员与读者之间矛盾,探讨如何构建图书馆工作者与读者之间的良好关系。

  1. Older Workers, Retirement and the Need for Flexibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blyton, Paul

    1984-01-01

    This literature review presents viewpoints on retirement expressed in four books: "Capitalism and the Construction of Old Age," (Chris Phillipson); "Work and Retirement," (Stanley Parker); "Work or Retirement?" (B. Casey, G. Bruche); "The Ageing Worker," (M. Doering, S.R. Rhodes, M. Schuster). (JB)

  2. Radiological worker training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    This Handbook describes an implementation process for core training as recommended in Implementation Guide G441.12, Radiation Safety Training, and as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control Standard (RCS). The Handbook is meant to assist those individuals within the Department of Energy, Managing and Operating contractors, and Managing and Integrating contractors identified as having responsibility for implementing core training recommended by the RCS. This training is intended for radiological workers to assist in meeting their job-specific training requirements of 10 CFR 835. While this Handbook addresses many requirements of 10 CFR 835 Subpart J, it must be supplemented with facility-specific information to achieve full compliance.

  3. Immigrants and Native Workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foged, Mette; Peri, Giovanni

    -EU immigrants in Denmark, beginning in 1995 and driven by a sequence of international events such as the Bosnian, Somalian and Iraqi crises. We then look at the response of occupational complexity, job upgrading and downgrading, wage and employment of natives in the short and long run. We find...... that the increased supply of non-EU low skilled immigrants pushed native workers to pursue more complex occupations. This reallocation happened mainly through movement across firms. Immigration increased mobility of natives across firms and across municipalities but it did not increase their probability...

  4. Radiological worker training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Handbook describes an implementation process for core training as recommended in Implementation Guide G441.12, Radiation Safety Training, and as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control Standard (RCS). The Handbook is meant to assist those individuals within the Department of Energy, Managing and Operating contractors, and Managing and Integrating contractors identified as having responsibility for implementing core training recommended by the RCS. This training is intended for radiological workers to assist in meeting their job-specific training requirements of 10 CFR 835. While this Handbook addresses many requirements of 10 CFR 835 Subpart J, it must be supplemented with facility-specific information to achieve full compliance

  5. Problems of New Generation Migrant Workers from the Perspective of Social Discrimination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The correlation of migrant workers and other social problems are studied from the aspects of the concept of "migrant workers" and social discrimination,"new generation" and mobility of social class,and the gender structure of new generation migrant workers.The results show that the "worker" in the "migrant worker" comes from the "work for other people";although the "migrant worker" has the sense of discrimination,it really reflects the survival states of a certain social class;comparing with the first class migrant workers,the new generation migrant workers are the second generation of migrant workers,and their social position has not changed basically.The unfairness of social mobility is included among the "poor second generation","rich second generation" and "officer second generation",which may lead to the hardening of social class and the appear of opposite classes;the new generation migrant workers are subverting their fathers’ psychological recognition of "man dominates the outside and the woman dominates the inside" by the imbalanced sex structure,which is characterized by more women and less men.The social problems concerning new generation migrant workers caused by the sex discrepancy are directly related to the construction of the framework which comes up to the human moral and the stable improvement of the whole social ideological and cultural level.

  6. Worker Knowledge of Pension Provisions

    OpenAIRE

    Mitchell, Olivia S.

    1987-01-01

    This paper evaluates the quality of workers' information regarding pension offerings using both administrative records and worker reports of pension provisions. Missing and misinformation proves to be widespread. Unionized employees, higher income workers and those in large firms, the better educated, and those with greater seniority are better informed about their pensions. There are also demographic differences: nonwhites have less pension knowledge than whites, but women are better informe...

  7. China's Migrant Workers' Social Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Sifeng; Zhang Wenxue; Wang Lijian; Zhang Li

    2010-01-01

    Based on the definition of migrant workers and migrant workers'social security,systems,policies and regulations and status quo of specific safeguard project of social security have been analyzed.Authors draw following conclusions: China's social security systems of migrant workers show diversification and differentiation trend; national-level policies take on diversification and local-level regulations take on differentiation; social welfare and social assistance have deficiency; coverage rate of social insurance items is extremely low.

  8. Knowledge worker training in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Zulkifli, Izyani

    2010-01-01

    An increasing number of countries have shifted, or are shifting, towards the knowledge-based economy. For these countries, including Malaysia, the quality of knowledge workers is extremely important in determining the pace and success of such transition. Thus, training is often carried out to improve the skills of knowledge workers at the workplace. But despite its importance, research on knowledge worker training is extremely limited. This study seeks to partially fill this gap in the litera...

  9. [Materials for construction sector].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macchia, C

    2012-01-01

    The construction sector is characterized by high complexity due to several factors. There are a lot of processes within the building sites and they need the use of different materials with the help of appropriate technologies. Traditional materials have evolved and diversified, meanwhile new products and materials appeared and still appear, offering services which meet user needs, but that often involve risks to the health of workers. Research in the field of materials, promoted and carried out at various levels, has led to interesting results, encoded in the form of rules and laws.

  10. Ethical issues in worker productivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forst, Linda; Levenstein, Charles

    2002-01-01

    Occupational health has always operated at the intersection of corporate economic concerns and worker health. Conflicting demands on the loyalty of occupational health professionals by the interests of labor and industry have made negotiating this minefield an essential part of the practice of occupational medicine. In recent years, occupational health professionals have found themselves increasingly required to rationalize worker health measures with economic arguments. This has led to physician engagement in the realm of defining and measuring worker productivity. Ethical guidelines that hold worker health as a top priority are critical in preserving the responsibility of occupational physicians to their patients.

  11. Worker Inflow, Outflow, and Churning

    OpenAIRE

    Ilmakunnas, Pekka; Maliranta, Mika

    2003-01-01

    Linked employer-employee data from the Finnish business sector is used in an analysis of worker turnover. The data is an unbalanced panel with over 219 000 observations in the years 1991-97. The churning (excess worker turnover), worker inflow (hiring), and worker outflow (separation) rates are explained by various plant and employee characteristics in type 2 Tobit models where the explanatory variables can have a different effect on the probability of the flow rates to be non-zero and on the...

  12. [Tuberculosis in healthcare workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nienhaus, A

    2009-01-01

    Perception and knowledge of the TB-infection risk in healthcare workers (HCWs) changed profoundly in Germany during the past few years. Molecular-epidemiological studies and a comprehensive review of the existing evidence concerning the infection risk for HCWs lead to the conclusion that TB in HCWs is often caused by infection at the workplace. In the Hamburg Fingerprint Study, 80 % of the TB cases in HCWs were caused by infections at the workplace. In a similar Dutch study 43 % of all cases were work-related. Besides of the well-known risks in TB wards and laboratories, an increased risk for infection should be assumed for paramedics, in emergency rooms, for HCWs caring for the elderly or for workers with close contact to high-risk groups (homeless people, i. v. drug users, migrants from high-incidence countries). TB in a HCW working in these fields can be recognised as an occupational disease (OD) without identifying a particular source of infection. For all other HCWs, the German occupational disease law requires the identification of a source case before TB in an HCW can be accepted as an OD. Even though the proportion of work-related TB in HCWs is higher than was assumed before previously, the prevalence of latent TB infection (LTBI) is lower than expected. In an ongoing evaluation study of the interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) LTBI prevalence in HCWs is 10 %. Prevention strategies in Germany should be reconsidered in the light of these new findings.

  13. ADVANCED WORKER PROTECTION SYSTEM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Judson Hedgehock

    2001-03-16

    From 1993 to 2000, OSS worked under a cost share contract from the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop an Advanced Worker Protection System (AWPS). The AWPS is a protective ensemble that provides the user with both breathing air and cooling for a NIOSH-rated duration of two hours. The ensemble consists of a liquid air based backpack, a Liquid Cooling Garment (LCG), and an outer protective garment. The AWPS project was divided into two phases. During Phase 1, OSS developed and tested a full-scale prototype AWPS. The testing showed that workers using the AWPS could work twice as long as workers using a standard SCBA. The testing also provided performance data on the AWPS in different environments that was used during Phase 2 to optimize the design. During Phase 1, OSS also performed a life-cycle cost analysis on a representative clean up effort. The analysis indicated that the AWPS could save the DOE millions of dollars on D and D activities and improve the health and safety of their workers. During Phase 2, OSS worked to optimize the AWPS design to increase system reliability, to improve system performance and comfort, and to reduce the backpack weight and manufacturing costs. To support this design effort, OSS developed and tested several different generations of prototype units. Two separate successful evaluations of the ensemble were performed by the International Union of Operation Engineers (IUOE). The results of these evaluations were used to drive the design. During Phase 2, OSS also pursued certifying the AWPS with the applicable government agencies. The initial intent during Phase 2 was to finalize the design and then to certify the system. OSS and Scott Health and Safety Products teamed to optimize the AWPS design and then certify the system with the National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH). Unfortunately, technical and programmatic difficulties prevented us from obtaining NIOSH certification. Despite the inability of NIOSH to certify

  14. ADVANCED WORKER PROTECTION SYSTEM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From 1993 to 2000, OSS worked under a cost share contract from the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop an Advanced Worker Protection System (AWPS). The AWPS is a protective ensemble that provides the user with both breathing air and cooling for a NIOSH-rated duration of two hours. The ensemble consists of a liquid air based backpack, a Liquid Cooling Garment (LCG), and an outer protective garment. The AWPS project was divided into two phases. During Phase 1, OSS developed and tested a full-scale prototype AWPS. The testing showed that workers using the AWPS could work twice as long as workers using a standard SCBA. The testing also provided performance data on the AWPS in different environments that was used during Phase 2 to optimize the design. During Phase 1, OSS also performed a life-cycle cost analysis on a representative clean up effort. The analysis indicated that the AWPS could save the DOE millions of dollars on D and D activities and improve the health and safety of their workers. During Phase 2, OSS worked to optimize the AWPS design to increase system reliability, to improve system performance and comfort, and to reduce the backpack weight and manufacturing costs. To support this design effort, OSS developed and tested several different generations of prototype units. Two separate successful evaluations of the ensemble were performed by the International Union of Operation Engineers (IUOE). The results of these evaluations were used to drive the design. During Phase 2, OSS also pursued certifying the AWPS with the applicable government agencies. The initial intent during Phase 2 was to finalize the design and then to certify the system. OSS and Scott Health and Safety Products teamed to optimize the AWPS design and then certify the system with the National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH). Unfortunately, technical and programmatic difficulties prevented us from obtaining NIOSH certification. Despite the inability of NIOSH to certify

  15. Views of the workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: I hope that it is not symptomatic of the radiological protection business that I am making a last minute unscheduled intervention of behalf of the workers. I wonder too whether the Conference should consider the fact that there are no facilities for organized labour or indeed the public to comment during the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) consultation process regarding its recommendations. I have just a few points to make. As a non-scientific participant I can see that we have available accurate dosimetry which can be applied everywhere. This is a most important point. But a problem for the Conference is the different position of developed and developing countries and I would say straight away that I could not accept lower national standards of radiological protection simply to allow that State to catch up economically. We have heard a lot during the Conference about the application of ALARA. Perhaps I could introduce something different, that standards should be 'AHARA' - as high as reasonably achievable. There is no point, however, in imposing criteria that will be ignored, so there may have to be a period of optimization between developing and developed countries. There is every evidence to show that we are here at this Conference to help each other and this may provide an example. But I did not see the causation probability calculations yesterday distinguishing between developing and non-developed countries in relation to the effect of dosages on the human being. Those same calculations also made no distinction between human-made and what I have come to recognize this week as NORM radiation exposure, so it follows again that the worker in a western State's nuclear power plant should have the same standards as underground workers in other countries. This is just an example but at least the same philosophy driving those standards should be applied. No one will argue against the protection of the unborn child and I am not

  16. Remuneration Difference between Migrant Workers and Non-migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Changlin; DUAN; Huawei; LUO

    2013-01-01

    Through the survey of direct economic remuneration, indirect economic remuneration and non-economic remuneration of employees in flat panel furniture enterprises in Chengdu City, we conduct a comparative analysis of the problems and causes of remuneration difference between migrant workers and non-migrant workers. The results show that the wage difference between migrant workers and non-migrant workers is the biggest, and there is little difference in terms of interests safeguarding and non-economic factors. The reason for the above results lies in the difference of education level; gender, region, household registration and other issues have little impact on the above results. The following recommendations are put forward to improve the remuneration of migrant workers: increasing government’s policy advocacy efforts and eliminating subjective offense; establishing the administrative oversight bodies and effectively safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of migrant workers; strengthening vocational training for migrant workers, so that workers have more choices on positions; improving the working environment and developing good working atmosphere.

  17. A Comparison of Workers Employed in Hazardous Jobs in Terms of Job Satisfaction, Perceived Job Risk and Stress: Turkish Jean Sandblasting Workers, Dock Workers, Factory Workers and Miners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunal, Ayda Buyuksahin; Sunal, Onur; Yasin, Fatma

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare job satisfaction, perception of job risk, stress symptoms and vulnerability to stress of miners, dock workers, jean sandblasting workers and factory workers. A job satisfaction scale and stress audit scale were applied to 220 workers. Results revealed that dock and jean sandblasting workers perceived their…

  18. Theory, Demonstration and Methods: Research on Social Security of Migrant Workers by Domestic Scholar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Social security of migrant workers has been significant in dissolving social contradictions and achieving the economic and social development in China during the transitional period. The researches of domestic scholar on social security of migrant workers can be classified into three categories. Firstly, theoretical analysis on social security of migrant workers, including researches on the appeal of social security and misunderstanding of recognition, theory-construction of rural worker social security, policy defects and equity construction in social security system of migrant workers. Secondly, real studies on social security of migrant workers, including researches on sequence of demand and influencing factors of social security of migrant workers as well as intrinsic motivation forming the perspective on social security. Lastly, road exploration of establishing social security system, including researches on the multi-level development of rural worker social security system, comparison of "Double-low method", "Guangdong Method" and "Shanghai Method" of the social security of migrant workers in Zhejiang Province and establishing multi-level social security system according to the hierarchy after the internal differentiation.

  19. Construction management

    CERN Document Server

    Pellicer, Eugenio; Teixeira, José C; Moura, Helder P; Catalá, Joaquín

    2014-01-01

    The management of construction projects is a wide ranging and challenging discipline in an increasingly international industry, facing continual challenges and demands for improvements in safety, in quality and cost control, and in the avoidance of contractual disputes. Construction Management grew out of a Leonardo da Vinci project to develop a series of Common Learning Outcomes for European Managers in Construction. Financed by the European Union, the project aimed to develop a library of basic materials for developing construction management skills for use in a pan-European context. Focused exclusively on the management of the construction phase of a building project from the contractor's point of view, Construction Management covers the complete range of topics of which mastery is required by the construction management professional for the effective delivery of new construction projects. With the continued internationalisation of the construction industry, Construction Management will be required rea...

  20. Workers' Education and the ILO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guigui, Albert

    1970-01-01

    In its concern to eliminate the imbalance between social and economic development, the International Labour Organisation has two objectives in its workers' education activities: to help workers protect themselves against the harmful effects of our technological society; and to strengthen their ability to discharge their social responsibilities.…

  1. Economic Globalization and Workers: introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E-J. Visser (Evert-Jan); M.P. van Dijk (Meine Pieter)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractThis dossier deals with the impact of economic globalisation on workers, especially in developing nations: their employment opportunities, wage income, job security and other aspects of decent work (ILO 1999, 2002). This is a highly relevant theme. Not only do workers in the EU, the Unit

  2. 基于马斯洛需求理论的新生代农民工劳动关系的构建%Construction of the Labor Relations for New Generation of Migrant Workers Based on Maslow Demand Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯海芳

    2011-01-01

    New generation of migrant workers have special demands, besides of their unsatisfied physiological demands, they demand more about safety, eager to be respected and involved in social activities, and are in dire need of self-realization. However, the present pure economic bene fits-oriented labor relations can not satisfy the physiological needs of new generation of migrant workers, the labor security measures can not meet their safety need, unequal relation between employers and employees fails to fulfill their demands to be respected and involved in social activities, unstable labor relation also influences their self-realization. The five demands of physiology, safety, respect, social intercourse and self-realiza tion conflict with the economic benefits-oriented, unsafe, unequal and instable labor relations. A harmonious and stable labor relation could be established through constructing the employee-employer sharing, equal and stable labor relations and improving the social security system, satisfy ing different levels of demands of new generation of migrant workers.%新生代农民工的需求较上一代农民工有其特殊性.基于马斯洛需求理论,分析当前新生代农民工的生理需求未得到满足,对安全的需求增加,希望受尊重和社交的愿望强烈,并且有迫切的自我实现需求.然而,目前社会纯经济利益化的劳动关系难以满足新生代农民工的生理需求,劳动保障措施也无法完全满足新生代农民工的安全需求,劳资双方关系不对等不能满足新生代农民工尊重和社交的需求,劳动关系不稳定也影响了新生代农民工自我实现需求.新生代农民工同时存在的生理、安全、尊重、社交和自我实现这五种需求与现在经济利益化、不安全、不平等、不稳定的劳动关系形成了突出的矛盾.需要通过创建员工与企业共享式发展的劳动关系、建立和完善社会保障制度、建立平等的劳动关系以及

  3. Workers' Education Methods and Techniques for Rural Workers and Their Organisations: Summary of Views Expressed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labour Education, 1975

    1975-01-01

    Several issues concerning rural workers' organizations and workers' education are discussed: motivation for self-organization, workers' education needs of rural workers, workers' education methods and techniques, training institutions and training personnel, financial resources, and the role of the International Labor Organization workers'…

  4. Radium dial workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The population of radium dial workers who were exposed to radium 30 to 50 years ago are currently being followed by the Center for Human Radiobiology at the Argonne National Laboratory. It is not clear that radium has induced additional malignancies in this population, other than the well-known bone sarcomas and head carcinomas, but elevated incidence rates for multiple myeloma and cancers of the colon, rectum, stomach, and breast suggest that radium might be involved. Continued follow-up of this population may resolve these questions. Finally, the question of the effect of fetal irradiation on the offspring of these women remains to be resolved. No evidence exists to suggest that any effects have occurred, but there is no question that a chronic irradiation of the developing fetus did take place. No formal follow-up of these children has yet been initiated

  5. Coal workers' pneumoconiosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper analyzes the CT manifestations of coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP) and to evaluate the contribution of CT compared with chest radiography in estimating disease severity. A total of 170 chest CT scans were obtained in two groups of miners with (n = 86) or without (n = 84) compensation for CWP concomitantly evaluated by conventional posteroanterior and lateral radiography. The CT signs (micronodules, nodules, progressive massive fibrosis, emphysema, honeycomb pattern, and lymph nodes) were derived from the International Pathologic Classification of CWP and were prospectively evaluated with standard and high- resolution CT. The CT scans were compared with the International Labour Office (ILO) 1980 classification grading system of the chest radiographs with an adaptation of the ILO classification

  6. [Rural workers' health in Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Jessica Pronestino de Lima; Oliveira, Bruno Luciano Carneiro Alves de; Muzi, Camila Drumond; Cunha, Carlos Leonardo Figueiredo; Brito, Alexandre dos Santos; Luiz, Ronir Raggio

    2015-08-01

    Workers' health is a central theme in public health surveys, but the specificity of work activities should be considered. This study aimed to analyze the health of rural workers in Brazil that perform both agricultural and non-agricultural work, based on self-rated health and self-reported diseases. The Brazilian National Household Sample Survey (PNAD 2008) was used, incorporating information from the complex sampling plan. Agricultural workers 18 years or older were selected, stratified according to those with and without non-agricultural work. Logistic regression was performed for self-rated health, and odds ratios were calculated for self-reported diseases. Exclusive agricultural work decreased the odds of reporting good health and increased the odds of reporting back pain, high blood pressure, and arthritis/rheumatism. Exclusive agricultural workers reported more diseases and worse living conditions. Self-rated health was generally better in workers with non-agricultural occupations. PMID:26375648

  7. Contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Mei, I A; de Boer, E M; Bruynzeel, D P

    1998-09-01

    Hand dermatitis is common in workers in the horticultural industry. This study determined the prevalence of hand dermatitis in workers of Alstroemeria cultivation, investigated how many workers had been sensitized by tulipalin A (the allergen in Alstroemeria) and took stock of a wide range of determinants of hand dermatitis. The 12-month period prevalence of major hand dermatitis amounted to 29.5% whereas 7.4% had minor dermatitis. Of these workers, 52.1% were sensitized for tulipalin A. Several personal and work-related determinants played a role in the multifactorial aetiology of hand dermatitis. Factors which showed a significant relationship with major hand dermatitis were: female sex, atopic dermatitis, chapped hands and the frequency of washing hands. It may be concluded that the Alstroemeria workers are a population at risk of developing contact dermatitis and it might be useful to carry out an educational campaign to lower the high prevalence. PMID:10024736

  8. 徐汇区建筑工人性病艾滋病及安全套使用知信行状况分析%Survey on Knowledge,Attitude and Practice about STD/AIDS and Condom Using among Construction Workers in Xuhui District,Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高知义; 杨美霞; 黄文鸳; 蔡晓峰; 李申生; 任金马; Liviana Calzavara

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To study the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) about sex transmitted diseases and AIDS(STD/AIDS) and condom using among construction workers in Xuhui District, and to provide basic data and instructions for developing health education. [ Methods ] By cluster sampling, 620 construction workers employed by six construction sites in Xuhui district were investigated. Questionnaire included "the knowledge, attitude of STD/AIDS" , "understanding and using of condoms" and other aspects. [ Results ] In the STDs/AIDS knowledge, attitude and behavior, such as "sexually transmitted diseases are preventable" , "sex with AIDS patients without using condom can spread HIV" , "HIV-infected pregnant women can transmit the virus to the fetus" and "HIV carriers may look healthy" , the correct answer rate was 79.9%-96.76%. While most people had misconceptions about several issues on the routes of infection, such as shaking hands with AIDS patients, sharing towels, toilet, kissing, coughing, insect bites, etc. And the correct answer rate was only 4.6%-35.9%. The condom using rate was 24.7% or 22.7% when sex was made with their spouses or lovers, however, 61.1% of them chose to use condoms in commercial sex. [ Conclusion ] The findings suggest there is an urgent need towards the construction workers for HIV/STD prevention programs that includes the protection, clarification of transmission routes and the chance to be infected with STD. The new immigrants should become the focus of attention.%[目的]了解建筑工地工人性病艾滋病(STDs/AIDS)及安全套的知识、态度及行为,为开展健康教育提供指导依据.[方法]采取整群随机抽样的方法,对上海市徐汇区6个建筑工地的620名建筑工人进行问卷调查,主要包括性病艾滋病的知识、态度和安全套的认识及使用等内容.[结果]在性病艾滋病知识、态度及行为方面,有关"性病是可预防的"、"与艾滋病病人不用安全套的性

  9. Tuberculosis among workers exposed to free silica dust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwari, Rajnarayan R; Sharma, Yashwant K; Saiyed, Habibullah N

    2007-05-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a global emergency. Poverty, increasing migration, homelessness and the compulsions to live and work in high-risk environments are making people increasingly susceptible to the disease. Those working in mines, construction work, stone-crushing and in other similar occupations where there is a greater level of exposure to silica dust are specially vulnerable. Though the association between TB and silicosis has been firmly established by the results of epidemiologic studies no attempts have been made to study the epidemiological features of radiologically active TB among free silica exposed workers. Thus the cross sectional study was carried out among slate pencil workers and quartz stone crushers to assess the prevalence of TB and some associated epidemiological factors. It included 253 quartz workers and 102 slate pencil workers. Clinical history and chest radiographs were used for labeling the subjects as tuberculotic. The pulmonary functions of the subjects were measured using Spirovit SP- 10. Statistical analysis was carried out using statistical software package Epi Info 3.3.2. Among stone crushers the prevalence of TB was found to be 10.7% while among slate pencil workers it was as high as 22.5%. Among the quartz stone-crushers the workers aged ≥35 years, those exposed for ≥3 years and those who were smokers had higher risk TB while among the slate pencil workers, only those exposed for ≥10 years had higher risk. Though the FVC and FEV(1) values of the workers having TB were lower than those having normal radiographs, the differences were found to statistically non-significant.

  10. Tuberculosis among workers exposed to free silica dust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiwari Rajnarayan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis (TB is a global emergency. Poverty, increasing migration, homelessness and the compulsions to live and work in high-risk environments are making people increasingly susceptible to the disease. Those working in mines, construction work, stone-crushing and in other similar occupations where there is a greater level of exposure to silica dust are specially vulnerable. Though the association between TB and silicosis has been firmly established by the results of epidemiologic studies no attempts have been made to study the epidemiological features of radiologically active TB among free silica exposed workers. Thus the cross sectional study was carried out among slate pencil workers and quartz stone crushers to assess the prevalence of TB and some associated epidemiological factors. It included 253 quartz workers and 102 slate pencil workers. Clinical history and chest radiographs were used for labeling the subjects as tuberculotic. The pulmonary functions of the subjects were measured using Spirovit SP- 10. Statistical analysis was carried out using statistical software package Epi Info 3.3.2. Among stone crushers the prevalence of TB was found to be 10.7% while among slate pencil workers it was as high as 22.5%. Among the quartz stone-crushers the workers aged ≥35 years, those exposed for ≥3 years and those who were smokers had higher risk TB while among the slate pencil workers, only those exposed for ≥10 years had higher risk. Though the FVC and FEV 1 values of the workers having TB were lower than those having normal radiographs, the differences were found to statistically non-significant.

  11. Workers' attitudes toward unions and collective action in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Maceira

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available After the transformations in social and political conditions of Argentine workers in the '90, the organized fractions of the working class have recovered their prominence since 2003, because of the economic reactivation. In this study, we explore some aspects of the subjective reconstruction of this collective actor: representations and attitudes regarding unions and collective action. Research is based on a group of in-depth interviews with unionized workers who work either in the manufacture industry or in the construction sector, in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires. We describe the main tendencies, the profiles of different generations and the relations between trade-unionist consciousness and peronist identity.

  12. Asthma characteristics in cleaning workers, workers in other risk jobs and office workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zock, JP; Kogevinas, M; Sunyer, J; Jarvis, D; Toren, K; Anto, JM

    2002-01-01

    Several studies have demonstrated an excess risk for asthma among cleaning workers. The aim of this analysis was to compare clinical, immunological and functional characteristics associated with asthma in cleaners and other occupational groups. Cleaners, workers exposed to high molecular weight (MW)

  13. Radiological Worker Training: Radiological Worker 2 study guides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Upon completion of this training course, the participant will have the knowledge to work safely in areas controlled for radiological purposes using proper radiological practices. Radiological Worker H Training, for the worker whose job assignment involves entry into Radiological Buffer Areas and all types of Radiation Contamination and Airborne Radioactivity Areas. This course is designed to prepare the worker to work safely in and around radiological areas and present methods to use to ensure individual radiation exposure is maintained As Low As Reasonably Achievable

  14. Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerruti, S.J.

    1997-01-01

    The Construction Safety Program (CSP) for NIF sets forth the responsibilities, guidelines, rules, policies and regulations for all workers involved in the construction, special equipment installation, acceptance testing, and initial activation and operation of NIF at LLNL during the construction period of NIF. During this period, all workers are required to implement measures to create a universal awareness which promotes safe practice at the work site, and which will achieve NIF`s management objectives in preventing accidents and illnesses. Construction safety for NIF is predicated on everyone performing their jobs in a manner which prevents job-related disabling injuries and illnesses. The CSP outlines the minimum environment, safety, and health (ES&H) standards, LLNL policies and the Construction Industry Institute (CII) Zero Injury Techniques requirements that all workers at the NIF construction site shall adhere to during the construction period of NIF. It identifies the safety requirements which the NIF organizational Elements, construction contractors and construction subcontractors must include in their safety plans for the construction period of NIF, and presents safety protocols and guidelines which workers shall follow to assure a safe and healthful work environment. The CSP also identifies the ES&H responsibilities of LLNL employees, non-LLNL employees, construction contractors, construction subcontractors, and various levels of management within the NIF Program at LLNL. In addition, the CSP contains the responsibilities and functions of ES&H support organizations and administrative groups, and describes their interactions with the NIF Program.

  15. Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerruti, S.J.

    1997-06-26

    The Construction Safety Program (CSP) for NIF sets forth the responsibilities, guidelines, rules, policies and regulations for all workers involved in the construction, special equipment installation, acceptance testing, and initial activation and operation of NIF at LLNL during the construction period of NIF.

  16. Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Construction Safety Program (CSP) for NIF sets forth the responsibilities, guidelines, rules, policies and regulations for all workers involved in the construction, special equipment installation, acceptance testing, and initial activation and operation of NIF at LLNL during the construction period of NIF

  17. Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Construction Safety Program (CSP) for NIF sets forth the responsibilities, guidelines, rules, policies and regulations for all workers involved in the construction, special equipment installation, acceptance testing, and initial activation and operation of NIF at LLNL during the construction period of NIF. During this period, all workers are required to implement measures to create a universal awareness which promotes safe practice at the work site, and which will achieve NIF's management objectives in preventing accidents and illnesses. Construction safety for NIF is predicated on everyone performing their jobs in a manner which prevents job-related disabling injuries and illnesses. The CSP outlines the minimum environment, safety, and health (ES ampersand H) standards, LLNL policies and the Construction Industry Institute (CII) Zero Injury Techniques requirements that all workers at the NIF construction site shall adhere to during the construction period of NIF. It identifies the safety requirements which the NIF organizational Elements, construction contractors and construction subcontractors must include in their safety plans for the construction period of NIF, and presents safety protocols and guidelines which workers shall follow to assure a safe and healthful work environment. The CSP also identifies the ES ampersand H responsibilities of LLNL employees, non-LLNL employees, construction contractors, construction subcontractors, and various levels of management within the NIF Program at LLNL. In addition, the CSP contains the responsibilities and functions of ES ampersand H support organizations and administrative groups, and describes their interactions with the NIF Program

  18. Flagman and Risk Involved in Road Construction Site

    OpenAIRE

    Vigneswara Rao Ganapthy; Siva Kumar Subramaniam; Abu Bakar Mohamad Diah; Mohamad Kadim Suaidi; Abdul Hamid Hamidon

    2011-01-01

    Road construction is a necessary process of development for the comfort and safety of users. Most road construction is a tidies job whereby the duration and safety is always considered very important for the construction management. One of the most crucial factors in a road construction site is the safety of the road users and the construction workers. Proper safety sign and indication system should be utilized to ensure safety to be optimized. The most common practice of safety indication is...

  19. Mitigating construction safety risks using prevention through design

    OpenAIRE

    Gangolells Solanellas, Marta; Casals Casanova, Miquel; Forcada Matheu, Núria; Roca Ramon, Xavier; Fuertes Casals, Alba

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Research and practice have demonstrated that decisions made prior to work at construction sites can influence construction worker safety. However, it has also been argued that most architects and design engineers possess neither the knowledge of construction safety nor the knowledge of construction processes necessary to effectively perform Construction Hazards Prevention through Design (CHPtD). Method: This paper introduces a quantitative methodology that supports d...

  20. Studies on Labour Safety in Construction Sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Kanchana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction industry has accomplished extensive growth worldwide particularly in past few decades. For a construction project to be successful, safety of the structures as well as that of the personnel is of utmost importance. The safety issues are to be considered right from the design stage till the completion and handing over of the structure. Construction industry employs skilled and unskilled labourers subject to construction site accidents and health risks. A proper coordination between contractors, clients, and workforce is needed for safe work conditions which are very much lacking in Indian construction companies. Though labour safety laws are available, the numerous accidents taking place at construction sites are continuing. Management commitment towards health and safety of the workers is also lagging. A detailed literature study was carried out to understand the causes of accidents, preventive measures, and development of safe work environment. This paper presents the results of a questionnaire survey, which was distributed among various categories of construction workers in Kerala region. The paper examines and discusses in detail the total working hours, work shifts, nativity of the workers, number of accidents, and type of injuries taking place in small and large construction sites.

  1. Studies on Labour Safety in Construction Sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanchana, S; Sivaprakash, P; Joseph, Sebastian

    2015-01-01

    Construction industry has accomplished extensive growth worldwide particularly in past few decades. For a construction project to be successful, safety of the structures as well as that of the personnel is of utmost importance. The safety issues are to be considered right from the design stage till the completion and handing over of the structure. Construction industry employs skilled and unskilled labourers subject to construction site accidents and health risks. A proper coordination between contractors, clients, and workforce is needed for safe work conditions which are very much lacking in Indian construction companies. Though labour safety laws are available, the numerous accidents taking place at construction sites are continuing. Management commitment towards health and safety of the workers is also lagging. A detailed literature study was carried out to understand the causes of accidents, preventive measures, and development of safe work environment. This paper presents the results of a questionnaire survey, which was distributed among various categories of construction workers in Kerala region. The paper examines and discusses in detail the total working hours, work shifts, nativity of the workers, number of accidents, and type of injuries taking place in small and large construction sites. PMID:26839916

  2. Electrochemical construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Einstein, Harry; Grimes, Patrick G.

    1983-08-23

    An electrochemical cell construction features a novel co-extruded plastic electrode in an interleaved construction with a novel integral separator-spacer. Also featured is a leak and impact resistant construction for preventing the spill of corrosive materials in the event of rupture.

  3. The worker profile autocontrolled

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Omar Delgado Mora

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This document is part of two deliveries. In this first paper is to make an approach to the concept of self-control from the very beginning with Sakichi Toyoda, founder of what the industry Toyota Motor Company, additionally taking some excerpts of the concept issued by teachers and the psychologist Henry Murray, a professor at the university Harvard precursor test TAT personality test creator, pen applied world wide by psychologists David McCllelan, also a psychologist and a pioneer in the study of human needs and the concept of competence; Professor Jeffrey Pfeffer of Stanford University organizational behavior and theory, Frederick Hertzberg, Psychologist and strong influential in business management, Kronfly Cruz, lawyer and investigator of social and administrative sciences, Charles Perrow, a sociologist at Yale University and Stanford , who studies the impact of large organizations in society, among others. The study reflects the need to meet organizational objectives related to the physicochemical characteristics of the finished product in a plant of the company’s main beers in the country. In this paper, we intend to make an approximation of worker self -controlled, which when compared with the powers, generic, specific and technical area established by the brewery, will allow generating a methodology to adjust these competencies and to obtain the target profile drawn. This comparison and development of the methodology proposed is the subject of the second work planned.

  4. Construction practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One has elaborated a virtual computer model (VRC) of construction of the AP1000 project reactor to demonstrate its viability, to improve the NPP project making it more easy for construction with simultaneous reduction of time, costs and risk of construction. The approach ensured time sequence of the 3-D visualization of NPP at the construction stages. The VRC ensures optimization of scheme implementation time period and specifies the basic costs. The VRC application offers essential advantages when planning construction of a nuclear power facility

  5. Outplacement for Underserved Women Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Suzanne C.; Haring-Hidore, Marilyn

    1988-01-01

    Describes an outplacement program for hourly women workers that assisted participants in identifying skills, interests, and values; identified community resources; taught job hunting skills; and encouraged participation in a support group. (JOW)

  6. The ILO and Workers' Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guigui, Albert

    1973-01-01

    The International Labour Organization is concerned with three types of education: vocational training, management training, and workers' education. The last, which is the focus of the article, is concerned solely with social matters. (MS)

  7. Dermatoses among floral shop workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiboutot, D M; Hamory, B H; Marks, J G

    1990-01-01

    Concern about the increasing incidence of hand dermatitis in floral shop workers in the United States and its possible association to the plant Alstroemeria, a flower that has become popular since its introduction in 1981, prompted investigation of the prevalence and cause of hand dermatitis in a sample of floral workers. Fifty-seven floral workers were surveyed, and 15 (26%) reported hand dermatitis within the previous 12 months. Sixteen floral workers (eight with dermatitis) volunteered to be patch tested to the North American Contact Dermatitis Group Standard and Perfume Trays, a series of eight pesticides and 20 plant allergens. Of four of seven floral designers and arrangers who reported hand dermatitis, three reacted positively to patch tests to tuliposide A, the allergen in Alstroemeria. Patch test readings for all other plant extracts were negative. A positive reading for a test to one pesticide, difolatan (Captafol), was noted, the relevance of which is unknown. PMID:2137139

  8. NGO field workers in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Haroon SIDDIQUE

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available NGOs came into the society in their present form after World War II and more precisely in 1960s. Before that also different forms of philanthropy existed. Like elsewhere in the world, in Pakistan also state and the market were the two sectors catering for different needs of the people. When foreign funding started coming into the poor countries, the channel of NGOs was considered more appropriate including the fact they had roots in the society and the benefit could reach the far flung areas. NGO field workers are the real actors in the NGOs’ activities but sadly the NGOs those raise the slogans of working for the destitute do not bother to facilitate the NGO field workers. Eventually the NGO field workers are facing problems of job insecurity, poor salary structure, unhealthy working environment and even harassment especially in case of women NGO field workers in Pakistan

  9. Work values among Lebanese workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidani, Y M; Gardner, W L

    2000-10-01

    On the basis of a review of the existing literature, the authors tested 4 hypotheses to determine the applicability of work values in Arab societies to employees in Lebanese organizations. Only 1 hypothesis was supported: Organizational policies that ran counter to the worker's religious values had an adverse effect on job satisfaction. There was no support for the hypotheses (a) that workers' religiosity in inversely related to positive attitudes toward women's involvement at work, (b) that employee satisfaction is related to a mechanistic organizational design, or (c) that workers with an internal locus of control experience higher job satisfaction. The Lebanese workers, thus, did not appear to share some of the attributes claimed to exist in Arab societies. PMID:11059205

  10. Construction supervision in construction project

    OpenAIRE

    Struna, Ervin

    2012-01-01

    Every construction project is a unique, complex process. Every completed structure is permanent act into space, and has therefore substantial influence upon social and natural environment. As a consequence, it is essential to provide professional supervision of the construction process that will ensure conformity of the construction with the project documentation and the building permit. The purpose of the thesis is to present the role of the construction supervision and the work of the s...

  11. Workers Search for Columbia's Debris

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    Members of a US Forest Service search team walk a grid during a Columbia recovery search near the Hemphill, Texas site. The group is accompanied by a space program worker able to identify potential hazards of Shuttle parts. Workers from every NASA Center and numerous federal, state, and local agencies searched for Columbia's debris in the recovery effort. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation

  12. Product Quality and Worker Quality

    OpenAIRE

    Abowd, John M.; Françis KRAMARZ; Moreau, Antoine

    1996-01-01

    We study the relation between product quality and worker quality using an economic model that, under certain conditions, provides a direct link between product price, product quality and work force quality. Our measures of product quality are the evolution in the detailed product price relative to its product group and the level of the product price relative to this group. Our worker quality measures are the firm's average person effect and personal characteristics effect from individual wage...

  13. Goal setting and worker motivation

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastian J. Goerg

    2015-01-01

    Employers want motivated and productive employees. Are there ways to increase employee motivation without relying solely on monetary incentives, such as pay-for-performance schemes? One tool that has shown promise in recent decades for improving worker performance is setting goals, whether they are assigned by management or self-chosen. Goals are powerful motivators for workers, with the potential for boosting productivity in an organization. However, if not chosen carefully or if used in uns...

  14. Occupational Demands and Health Effects for Bricklayers and Construction Supervisors: A Systematic Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.S. Boschman; H.F. van der Molen; J.K. Sluiter; M.H.W. Frings-Dresen

    2011-01-01

    Background Knowledge was gathered on occupational demands and health effects of two occupations in the construction industry, bricklayers and supervisors, in order to design a job-specific workers' health surveillance (WHS) for construction workers. Methods We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE

  15. 29 CFR 779.409 - Handicapped workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Handicapped workers. 779.409 Section 779.409 Labor... Students, Learners, and Handicapped Workers § 779.409 Handicapped workers. Regulations have been issued... handicapped workers at wages lower than the minimum wage applicable under section 6 of the Act....

  16. Ant workers exhibit specialization and memory during raft formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avril, Amaury; Purcell, Jessica; Chapuisat, Michel

    2016-06-01

    By working together, social insects achieve tasks that are beyond the reach of single individuals. A striking example of collective behaviour is self-assembly, a process in which individuals link their bodies together to form structures such as chains, ladders, walls or rafts. To get insight into how individual behavioural variation affects the formation of self-assemblages, we investigated the presence of task specialization and the role of past experience in the construction of ant rafts. We subjected groups of Formica selysi workers to two consecutive floods and monitored the position of individuals in rafts. Workers showed specialization in their positions when rafting, with the same individuals consistently occupying the top, middle, base or side position in the raft. The presence of brood modified workers' position and raft shape. Surprisingly, workers' experience in the first rafting trial with brood influenced their behaviour and raft shape in the subsequent trial without brood. Overall, this study sheds light on the importance of workers' specialization and memory in the formation of self-assemblages.

  17. Fibrosis biomarkers in workers exposed to MWCNTs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatkhutdinova, Liliya M; Khaliullin, Timur O; Vasil'yeva, Olga L; Zalyalov, Ramil R; Mustafin, Ilshat G; Kisin, Elena R; Birch, M Eileen; Yanamala, Naveena; Shvedova, Anna A

    2016-05-15

    Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) with their unique physico-chemical properties offer numerous technological advantages and are projected to drive the next generation of manufacturing growth. As MWCNT have already found utility in different industries including construction, engineering, energy production, space exploration and biomedicine, large quantities of MWCNT may reach the environment and inadvertently lead to human exposure. This necessitates the urgent assessment of their potential health effects in humans. The current study was carried out at NanotechCenter Ltd. Enterprise (Tambov, Russia) where large-scale manufacturing of MWCNT along with relatively high occupational exposure levels was reported. The goal of this small cross-sectional study was to evaluate potential biomarkers during occupational exposure to MWCNT. All air samples were collected at the workplaces from both specific areas and personal breathing zones using filter-based devices to quantitate elemental carbon and perform particle analysis by TEM. Biological fluids of nasal lavage, induced sputum and blood serum were obtained from MWCNT-exposed and non-exposed workers for assessment of inflammatory and fibrotic markers. It was found that exposure to MWCNTs caused significant increase in IL-1β, IL6, TNF-α, inflammatory cytokines and KL-6, a serological biomarker for interstitial lung disease in collected sputum samples. Moreover, the level of TGF-β1 was increased in serum obtained from young exposed workers. Overall, the results from this study revealed accumulation of inflammatory and fibrotic biomarkers in biofluids of workers manufacturing MWCNTs. Therefore, the biomarkers analyzed should be considered for the assessment of health effects of occupational exposure to MWCNT in cross-sectional epidemiological studies. PMID:26902652

  18. Quality of Life Satisfaction among Workers and Non-Workers in Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandelman, Nestor; Piani, Giorgina

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we use data from a population survey on quality of life dimensions conducted in Uruguay to analyze the self reported well-being among workers and non workers. Along with the literature, we find that the probability of being happy is greater for workers than non-workers. Specifically, we find evidence that workers tend to be more…

  19. Medidas de prevenção contra câncer de pele em trabalhadores da construção civil: contribuição da enfermagem Trabajador de la construcción civil y las medidas de prevención contra cáncer da piel: contribución de la enfermería Building construction worker and preventive measures against skin cancer: nursing contribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago do Carmo Simões

    2011-03-01

    informaciones y conocimientos sobre el cáncer de piel. Así, intervenciones de lo enfermero con la equipo de Salud do Trabajador pueden contribuir para intervenciones de medidas preventivas del cáncer ocupacional.The civil construction's workers are one of the most risk groups to the occupational cancer. The purpose was to identify these workers knowledge about skin cancer and describe protection/prevention measures adopted for them. Descriptive and qualitative nature research, developed with 50 workers of a great load building site firm at municipal district of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which the data was collected through a form. From descriptive and statistical analysis, the results showed that the protection measures adopted for the workers to skin cancer prevention are insufficient and the way that they are used are not lined with the literature. Important changes needed at daily of these workers are related to life styles and at access ease to informations and knowledges about skin cancer. Thus, nursing's interventions along the Worker's Health stuff can contribute to preventive's implementation of occupational cancer.

  20. Constructive Fun.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simanek, Donald E.

    1994-01-01

    Compares and reviews currently available brands of steel construction sets that are useful to physics teachers for building demonstrations, prototypes of mechanisms, robotics, and remote control devices. (ZWH)

  1. Developing construction labor through modular training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Traditionally, the construction industry has depended on apprenticeship, technical and vocational schools, and experience through informal on-the-job training to meet the industry's demands for skilled manpower. However, as increasingly larger heavy construction projects, such as nuclear power plants, have come to demand more and more skilled craftsmen, the traditional methods of developing construction labor have become insufficient both in terms of the number of workers made available and in the quality of their skills. Over the past eight years, Brown and Root, Inc., has developed a task oriented modular system for training construction workers which supplements a worker's on-the-job training and decreases the time it requires the individual to become a productive member of the project workforce in his work. This training approach is not a series of the semester-long courses which have typified apprenticeship and vocational training in the past, but a systems approach to designing and implementing a program of classroom modules for craft development programs which emphasize both the hands-on tasks a construction worker must perform in his craft as well as the related theory required. The system consists of a number of modular courses which can be sequenced, for each craft, to develop construction skills in each worker according to both his needs and the needs of the project. The training modules for a particular craft program are developed utilizing Instructional Systems Development (ISD). This process is divided into five major phases: analysis, establishment of objectives, preparation of tests, planning and developing instructional content, and evaluation

  2. Outcomes of Occupational Self-Efficacy in Older Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Paggi, Michelle E.; Jopp, Daniela S.

    2015-01-01

    Because of the increasing number of older workers, it is important to develop models of work-related constructs for this population. The present article developed a model surrounding occupational self-efficacy, testing its relation to other factors (e.g., intrinsic job motivation), predictors (e.g., self-perceptions of aging), and outcomes (e.g., job satisfaction). Employed adults of ages 50 and older (n= 313) were recruited via organizations and social media sites. Study participants (M= 59....

  3. Mapping site-based construction workers’ motivation: Expectancy theory approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parviz Ghoddousi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to apply a recently proposed model of motivation based on expectancy theory to site-based workers in the construction context and confirm the validity of this model for the construction industry. The study drew upon data from 194 site-based construction workers in Iran to test the proposed model of motivation. To this end, the structural equation modelling (SEM approach based on the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA technique was deployed. The study reveals that the proposed model of expectancy theory incorporating five indicators (i.e. intrinsic instrumentality, extrinsic instrumentality, intrinsic valence, extrinsic valence and expectancy is able to map the process of construction workers’ motivation. Nonetheless, the findings posit that intrinsic indicators could be more effective than extrinsic ones. This proffers the necessity of construction managers placing further focus on intrinsic motivators to motivate workers

  4. Mapping site-based construction workers’ motivation: Expectancy theory approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parviz Ghoddousi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to apply a recently proposed model of motivation based on expectancy theory to site-based workers in the construction context and confirm the validity of this model for the construction industry. The study drew upon data from 194 site-based construction workers in Iran to test the proposed model of motivation. To this end, the structural equation modelling (SEM approach based on the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA technique was deployed. The study reveals that the proposed model of expectancy theory incorporating five indicators (i.e. intrinsic instrumentality, extrinsic instrumentality, intrinsic valence, extrinsic valence and expectancy is able to map the process of construction workers’ motivation. Nonetheless, the findings posit that intrinsic indicators could be more effective than extrinsic ones. This proffers the necessity of construction managers placing further focus on intrinsic motivators to motivate workers.

  5. Properties of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia across Workers with Different Pain Experiences and Cultural Backgrounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, M B; Damsgård, E; Holtermann, A;

    2015-01-01

    The main aim of this study was to evaluate whether the construct validity of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK) is consistent with respect to its scaling properties, unidimensionality and targeting among workers with different levels of pain. The 311 participating Danish workers reported...... kinesiophobia by TSK (13 statement version) and number of days with pain during the past year (less than 8 days, less than 90 days and greater than 90 days). A Rasch analysis was used to evaluate the measurement properties of the TSK in the workers across pain levels, ages, genders and ethnicities. The TSK did...... not fit the Rasch model, but removing one item solved the poorness of fit. Invariance was found across the pain levels, ages and genders. Thus, with a few modifications, the TSK was shown to capture a unidimensional construct of fear of movement in workers with different pain levels, ages, and genders....

  6. Construction Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, James F.

    This article provides a detailed discussion of a team approach to building that involves a construction manager, an architect, and a contractor. Bidding methods are outlined; the major components in construction management -- value engineering and fast track scheduling -- and the use of performance specifications are discussed. The construction…

  7. Superstring construction

    CERN Document Server

    1989-01-01

    The book includes a selection of papers on the construction of superstring theories, mainly written during the years 1984-1987. It covers ten-dimensional supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric strings, four-dimensional heterotic strings and four-dimensional type-II strings. An introduction to more recent developments in conformal field theory in relation to string construction is provided.

  8. Musculoskeletal diseases in forestry workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuković Slađana

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The most common hazards in the forestry that may induce disorders of the musculoskeletal system are vibrations, unfavorable microclimatic conditions, noise, over-time working hours, work load and long-term repeated movements. The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases and its difference among workers engaged in various jobs in the forestry. Two groups of workers were selected: woodcutters operating with chain-saw (N=33 and other loggers (N=32. Selected workers were of the similar age and had similar total length of employment as well as the length of service in the forestry. Both groups of workers employed in the forestry had the high prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases (woodcutters 69.7% and other loggers 62.5%, respectively. Degenerative diseases of spinal column were very frequent, in dependently of the type of activity in the forestry. Non-significantly higher risk of carpal tunnel syndrome was found in woodcutters with chain-saw compared to workers having other jobs in the forestry (OR=3.09; 95%CI=0.64-19.72. The lateral epicondylitis was found only in woodcutters operating with chain-saw with the prevalence of 18.2%.

  9. Health management of radiation workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    People in Japan have expressed great anxiety about possible radiation and radioactivity after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant of Tokyo Electric Power Company's (TEPCO), due to the great earthquake and tsunami in eastern Japan on 11 March 2011. A large number of workers were engaged in response and recovery operations, and they were possibly exposed to high doses of radiation as compared to the general population. In the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986, high doses of radiation to 134 plant staff and emergency personnel resulted in acute radiation syndrome (ARS), which proved fatal for 28 of them. In the Fukushima accident, six workers were exposed to more than 250 mSv of radiation during the initial response phase, but no one showed ARS. It is necessary to continue registration of radiation doses for all workers who were exposed to radiation to facilitate suitable healthcare management in the future. In addition to radiation exposure, a group of workers were also exposed to other health hazards. Frequent occurrence of heat disorders has been a concern for the workers wearing protective clothing with poor ventilation. A comprehensive program to prevent heat illness was implemented by TEPCO under the guidance of the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare. It is important to provide effective systems not only for prevention of radiation exposure but also for general management of other health risks including heat disorders and infection. (author)

  10. Pareto Chart Analysis on the Usage Construction of Primary Medical Insurance Fund for Urban Workers in Guangxi%广西职工基本医疗保险基金使用构成的帕累托图分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕萍; 雷震; 冯启明; 赵歆妍; 黎燕宁; 韩文

    2014-01-01

    Objective: In order to investigate the rule of using medical insurance fund for urban workers in Guangxi, the usage of the primary medical insurance fund for urban workers in Guangxi of 2011 is analyzed. Methods: Using the Pareto Principle to divide the medical insurance fund into 13 categories for statistical analysis: inpatient, outpatient, pharmacies, retired, civil servants and disabled veterans etc. Results: There are 5 kinds of medical expense cumulative proportion accounted for 73.9% of the medical insurance in the range of the statistical using classification, known as hospitalization costs of retired workers, hospitalization costs of service workers, outpatient medical costs of service workers, pharmacies cost of service workers and outpatient medical costs of retired workers. Conclusion: Getting the Pareto chart of the basic medical insurance usage for urban workers in Guangxi could provide important decision-making reference for primary medical insurance of urban workers in Guangxi.%目的:为了探讨广西城镇职工医疗保险基金使用的规律,对2011年广西城镇职工基本医疗保险基金使用的情况进行了分析。方法:应用帕累托法则,按在职职工住院、门诊、药店购药和退休职工的住院、门诊、药店以及离退休、公务员、伤残军人等使用医疗保险基金情况分为13类进行统计分析。结果:统计使用分类情况的区间内有5种医疗费用支出累计构成比占医疗保险基金使用的73.9%,依次为:退休职工住院费用、在职职工住院费用、在职门诊医疗费用、在职职工药店购药费用、退休职工门诊医疗费用。结论:得到广西城镇职工基本医疗保险使用情况的帕累托图,可以为广西城镇职工基本医疗保险工作提供重要的决策参考。

  11. Health and safety on construction sites in Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    Laryea, Samuel

    2010-01-01

    The state of health and safety on construction sites in Ghana was investigated using first hand observation of fourteen (14) construction project sites in 2009 and 2010. At each site, the construction project, workers and the physical environment of the site were inspected and evaluated against health and safety indicators taken from the literature. The results reveal a poor state of health and safety on Ghanaian construction sites. The primary reasons are a lack of strong institutional frame...

  12. The adaptive significance of inquiline parasite workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sumner, Seirian; Nash, David R; Boomsma, Jacobus J

    2003-01-01

    is the worker caste, the functions of which are adequately fulfilled by host workers. The few inquiline parasites that have retained a worker caste are thought to be at a transitional stage in the evolution of social parasitism, and their worker castes are considered vestigial and non-adaptive. However......, this idea has not been tested. Furthermore, whether inquiline workers have an adaptive role outside the usual worker repertoire of foraging, brood care and colony maintenance has not been examined. In this paper, we present data that suggest that workers of the inquiline ant Acromyrmex insinuator play...... a vital role in ensuring the parasite's fitness. We show that the presence of these parasite workers has a positive effect on the production of parasite sexuals and a negative effect on the production of host sexuals. This suggests that inquiline workers play a vital role in suppressing host queen...

  13. The Polish worker in Norway : emerging patterns of migration, employment and incorporation after EU's eastern enlargement

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    In 2004, Poland’s accession to the EU triggered what is now considered to be the largest migration flow to Norway in history. In the next seven to eight years, well over a hundred thousand Polish workers were recruited to work in construction, manufacturing, low-skilled services and agriculture. This thesis explores the ways in which Polish migrant workers have adapted to and become incorporated into Norwegian society during these initial years of an emerging migration system. The main resear...

  14. Nuclear: a world without worker?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After having recalled some characteristics of the electro-nuclear sector in terms of employment (direct and indirect jobs, average age, number of persons controlled on the radiological level, exposure with respect to work location), the author outlines that workers of this sector are seldom evoked whereas investments, incidents and accidents are generally the main evoked and commented topics. He proposes some explanations about this image of the nuclear sector. He reports an incident which occurred in Marcoule and outlines how a set of imperfectly managed events resulted in this incident. He also outlines the importance of the role of workers and the difficulty to make the right choice in such situations. As a conclusion, the author draws some lessons, and particularly outlines that the commitment of workers should be put forward

  15. [Night workers and plasmatic cortisol].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palermo, P; Rosati, M V; Ciarrocca, M; Nicassio, P; Piccoli, F; Cerratti, D; Anzani, M F; Tomei, G; Perugi, F; Monti, C; Palitti, T; Tomao, E; Caciari, T; Tomei, F

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the study is to evaluate whether occupational exposure to night work could cause alterations in the levels of plasmatic cortisol. The interest toward this argument arises form several studies in scientific literature referring the presence of an alteration in the synthesis and release of cortisol in workers exposed to night work. We studied a population of workers employed in night security service and monitoring service of alarm systems in different museums compared to a control group not performing shift-work and/or night work. The exposed and control subjects were compared by age, length of service, smoking habit (n. cigarettes per day), habitual consumption of alcoholic drinks (n. glass of wine/beer per day). We evaluated the levels of plasmatic cortisol on 50 workers exposed to night work, all males of whom 30 smokers and 20 non-smokers and on 50 controls of whom 30 smokers and 20 non-smokers.

  16. Ionizing radiation risks to satellite power systems (SPS) workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radiation risks to the health of workers who will construct and maintain solar power satellites in the space environment were examined. For ionizing radiation, the major concern will be late or delayed health effects, particularly the increased risk of radiation-induced cancer. The estimated lifetime risk for cancer is 0.8 to 5.0 excess deaths per 10,000 workers per rad of exposure. Thus, for example, in 10,000 workers who completed ten missions with an exposure of 40 rem per mission, 320 to 2000 additional deaths in excess of the 1640 deaths from normally occurring cancer, would be expected. These estimates would indicate a 20 to 120% increase in cancer deaths in the worker-population. The wide range in these estimates stems from the choice of the risk-projection model and the dose-response relationsip. The choice between a linear and a linear-quadratic dose-response model may alter the risk estimate by a factor of about two. The method of analysis (e.g., relative vs absolute risk model) can alter the risk estimate by an additional factor of three. Choosing different age and sex distributions can further change the estimate by another factor of up to three. The potential genetic consequences could be of significance, but at the present time, sufficient information on the age and sex distribution of the worker population is lacking for precise estimation of risk. The potential teratogenic consequences resulting from radiation are considered significant. Radiation exposure of a pregnant worker could result in developmental abnormalities

  17. Ionizing radiation risks to satellite power systems (SPS) workers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lyman, J.T.; Ainsworth, E.J.; Alpen, E.L.; Bond, V.; Curtis, S.B.; Fry, R.J.M.; Jackson, K.L.; Nachtwey, S.; Sondhaus, C.; Tobias, C.A.; Fabrikant, J.I.

    1980-11-01

    The radiation risks to the health of workers who will construct and maintain solar power satellites in the space environment were examined. For ionizing radiation, the major concern will be late or delayed health effects, particularly the increased risk of radiation-induced cancer. The estimated lifetime risk for cancer is 0.8 to 5.0 excess deaths per 10,000 workers per rad of exposure. Thus, for example, in 10,000 workers who completed ten missions with an exposure of 40 rem per mission, 320 to 2000 additional deaths in excess of the 1640 deaths from normally occurring cancer, would be expected. These estimates would indicate a 20 to 120% increase in cancer deaths in the worker-population. The wide range in these estimates stems from the choice of the risk-projection model and the dose-response relationsip. The choice between a linear and a linear-quadratic dose-response model may alter the risk estimate by a factor of about two. The method of analysis (e.g., relative vs absolute risk model) can alter the risk estimate by an additional factor of three. Choosing different age and sex distributions can further change the estimate by another factor of up to three. The potential genetic consequences could be of significance, but at the present time, sufficient information on the age and sex distribution of the worker population is lacking for precise estimation of risk. The potential teratogenic consequences resulting from radiation are considered significant. Radiation exposure of a pregnant worker could result in developmental abnormalities.

  18. Construction mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Virdi, Surinder

    2006-01-01

    Taking a starting point below that of GCSE level, by assuming no prior mathematical knowledge, Surinder Virdi and Roy Baker take the reader step by step through the mathematical requirements for Level 2 and 3 Building and Construction courses.Unlike the majority of basic level maths texts available, this book focuses exclusively on mathematics as it is applied in actual construction practice. As such, topics specific to the construction industry are presented, as well as essential areas for Level 2 craft NVQs - for example, costing calculations, labor costs, cost of materials and setting out o

  19. Radiographic survey of perlite workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, W C

    1975-05-01

    Chest roentgenograms of 240 perlite workers employed for 1 to 23 years in the industry, showed no evidence of pneumoconiosis associated with perlite exposures. One individual, found to have simple pneumoconiosis, and one found to have complicated pneumoconiosis, had formerly been diatomaceous earth workers. Since only 28 of the men had been in the industry over 15 years and only seven for 20 years or more, continued surveillance is essential to make sure that there are no effects with more prolonged exposures. Studies of pulmonary function of the individuals who have had relatively long exposures are needed to supplement radiographic evidence.

  20. Noise, Worker Perception, and Worker Concentration in Timber Harvesting Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efi Yuliati Yovi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Timber harvesting activities are unquestionably related with high risk of work accidents and health disorders.Such activities were not only burdened the workers with heavy physical workloads due to uneasy workingenvironment, and massive work materials and tools, but also physiopsychologically burdened workers as theywere imposed with both mechanical and acoustic vibrations (noise produced by the chainsaw. However,  it is acommon practice that most of the workers still ignored the importance of the use of noise reduction devices suchas earmuff or ear plug.  This study was aimed to reveal the factual effects of noise on work concentration of theworkers to provide a scientific basis in supporting efforts in improving workers’ attitude.  The results confirmedthat chainsaw might produce noise during operation.  Noise intensities received by both right and left ears werenot significantly different, indicating that left-handed and normal workers received similar degree of noise inboth side of ears. Further, results also showed that there was a significant difference on the perception and workconcentration of chainsaw operators versus sedentary people to the noise.  These findings proved that hearingability of chainsaw operators had declined due to frequent noise exposure.Keywords: timber harvesting, physio-psychological disorder, noise, chainsaw

  1. Construction aggregates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, T.I.; Bolen, W.P.

    2007-01-01

    Construction aggregates, primarily stone, sand and gravel, are recovered from widespread naturally occurring mineral deposits and processed for use primarily in the construction industry. They are mined, crushed, sorted by size and sold loose or combined with portland cement or asphaltic cement to make concrete products to build roads, houses, buildings, and other structures. Much smaller quantities are used in agriculture, cement manufacture, chemical and metallurgical processes, glass production and many other products.

  2. Workers of Acromyrmex echinatior leafcutter ants police worker-laid eggs, but not reproductive workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dijkstra, Michiel B.; van Zweden, Jelle Stijn; Dirchsen, Maria;

    2010-01-01

    Nonreproductive workers of many eusocial Hymenoptera 'police' the colony, that is, they attack reproductive sister workers or destroy their eggs (unfertilized; developing into haploid males). Several ultimate causes of policing have been proposed, including (1) an increase in colony productivity,...... reproductive workers. We infer that relatedness incentives are the most likely ultimate cause of the evolutionary maintenance of worker-egg policing in A. echinatior. (C) 2010 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved...

  3. 1969 Handbook on Women Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.

    This handbook on American women workers, a ready reference source, includes information that has become available since 1965. Part 1 deals with women in the labor force; Part 2 is concerned with the laws governing women's employment and status; Part 3 tells about the Interdepartmental Committee, the Citizens' Advisory Council, and the State…

  4. Healthcare Workers and Workplace Violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tevfik Pinar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Workplace violence is a threatening worldwide public health problem. Healthcare workers have under particular risk of workplace violence, and they are being exposed to violence 4-16 times more than other service workers. The frequency of violence in the health sector in the world has indicated in different range of results since there is no consistent definition of workplace violence and differences in research methodology (any type of violence: 22,0% - 60,0%; physical violence: 2,6% - 57,0%; verbal violence: 24,3% - 82,0%; sexual harassment: %1,9 - 10,5%. All healthcare workers have right to work in a safe working place. The safety of healthcare workers should deserve the same priority as patient safety. Various risk factors including social, cultural, environmental, organizational and personal elements play a role in the formation of workplace violence that is very important for our country. Considering all those factors, the workplace violence in health sector should be seriously handled and the strategies and policies must be developed for prevention. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2013; 12(3.000: 315-326

  5. Medical standards for radiation workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Council of the European Communities in its Directive of June 1, 1976 has laid down revised basic safety standards for the health protection of the general public and workers against the danger of ionising radiation. The Directive requires each Member State of the Community 'for the guidance of medical practitioners.....to draw up a list, which need not be exhaustive, of the criteria which should be taken into account when judging a worker's fitness to be exposed to ionising radiation'. Medical officers with current responsibility for radiation workers in the U.K. therefore met recently for informal exploratory discussion at the National Radiological Protection Board's headquarters, and an account is given of the views expressed there about the composition of the required 'list', and the possibility of standardizing the procedure adopted. Consideration was given to the objectives of medical examinations, the form of examination, and specific conditions which may give rise to difficulty in making a fitness assessment. These conditions are skin abnormalities, blood abnormalities, cataract, pregnancy, and psychological and psychiatric conditions. It was concluded that the medical examination of radiation workers, including blood examinations, are of value to the extent that they form part of any good general occupational health practice. The promulgation of the Euratom Directive has provided an opportunity for reviewing and standardising procedures for medical surveillance in the light of current knowledge concerning average occupational radiation doses and dose-response relationships. (U.K.)

  6. Technical Workers in Great Demand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The Labor and Social Security Ministry conducted a survey on 81 labor markets across China in the second quarter of this year, the results of which showed that the demand for technical workers, especially those of middle and senior titles, far outnumbers the supply.The survey shows that the demand/supply

  7. Progress Made in Drilling Workers Training Pattern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Guozheng; Zhao Zhangbin

    1997-01-01

    @@ The Great Wall Drilling Workers Training Centre in North China Petroleum Workers College is specialized in training oil drilling technicians for China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), who will undertake the international contract and recontract.

  8. The Politics of Workers' Education in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omole, M. A. Lanre

    1998-01-01

    Provides background on the concept and history of workers' education and opposition to it. States that workers' education should be targeted also to employers, government, media, and the general public. (SK)

  9. Revised analysis of in-migrating workers during site characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Deaf Smith Environmental Assessment's analysis of in-migrating workers and community service impacts was predicated on the assumption that a peak of approximately 480 workers would be needed on location to conduct site characterization activities. This analysis assumed that DOE's prime contractor(s) would have a limited staff in the area; the majority of the workers would be on site for the construction of the exploratory shaft and to conduct geologic and environmental studies. Since the time when the Environmental Assessment was prepared, the prime contractors [Battelle-ISSC and the Technical Field Service Contractor (TFSC)] were requested to move their offices to the site area. Therefore, many more administrative and technical workers would be expected to relocate in the Deaf Smith County regions. A change in the expected number of in-migrants could also change the expected nature of community service impacts. It is the purpose of this analysis to evaluate the site characterization workforce and thresholds for local community services. 22 refs., 24 tabs

  10. Seat Belt Use Among Adult Workers - 21 States, 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boal, Winifred L; Li, Jia; Rodriguez-Acosta, Rosa L

    2016-01-01

    Roadway incidents involving motorized vehicles accounted for 24% of fatal occupational injuries in the United States during 2013 and were the leading cause of fatal injuries among workers.* In 2013, workers' compensation costs for serious, nonfatal injuries among work-related roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles were estimated at $2.96 billion.(†) Seat belt use is a proven method to reduce injuries to motor vehicle occupants (1). Use of lap/shoulder seat belts reduces the risk for fatal injuries to front seat occupants of cars by 45% and the risk to light truck occupants by 60%.(§) To characterize seat belt use among adult workers by occupational group, CDC analyzed data from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and found that not always using a seat belt was significantly associated with occupational group after controlling for factors known to influence seat belt use. Occupational groups with the highest prevalences of not always using a seat belt included construction and extraction; farming, fishing, and forestry; and installation, maintenance, and repair. To increase seat belt use among persons currently employed, states can enact and enforce primary seat belt laws, employers can set and enforce safety policies requiring seat belt use by all vehicle occupants, and seat belt safety advocates can target interventions to workers in occupational groups with lower reported seat belt use. PMID:27309488

  11. Summary Report: Asian Pacific Islander Workers Hearing

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance; AFL-CIO; UCLA Labor Center

    2002-01-01

    The first ever California State Assembly Hearing on Asian Pacific Islander Workers was convened by the Labor Employment Committee and the Asian Pacific Islander Legislative Caucus, at the request of Assembly member Judy Chu. The Hearing brought together Asian Pacific Islander workers and advocates from all over California. Their stories are a snapshot of millions of workers. The testimonies gave a glimpse of the detrimental impact that worker exploitation has on families and communities. Most...

  12. Worker Longevity in Harvester Ants (Pogonomyrmex)

    OpenAIRE

    Gordon, D M; Hölldobler, B.

    1987-01-01

    Most studies of worker longevity in ants have been made in the laboratory (Haskins and Haskins 1980; Porter and Tschinkel 1982). In the field, increased energy expenditures, predation, and environmental fluctuations may all contribute to shorten the life of a worker ant. In the few existing studies of worker longevity conducted in the field, the lifespan of exterior workers was found to be extremely short. For example, Schmid-Hempel and Schmid- Hempel (1984) found that the half-life of Catagl...

  13. Policies for Displaced Workers: An American Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    O'Leary, Christopher J.

    2009-01-01

    American employment policy for displaced workers started in the Great Depression with programs for the employment service, unemployment insurance, work experience, and direct job creation. Assistance for workers displaced by foreign competition emerged in the 1960s along with formalized programs for occupational job skill training. The policy focus on displaced workers was sharpened in the 1980s through the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act and the Economic Dislocation and Wor...

  14. Social cohesion, social participation, and HIV related risk among female sex workers in Swaziland.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia A Fonner

    Full Text Available Social capital is important to disadvantaged groups, such as sex workers, as a means of facilitating internal group-related mutual aid and support as well as access to broader social and material resources. Studies among sex workers have linked higher social capital with protective HIV-related behaviors; however, few studies have examined social capital among sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa. This cross-sectional study examined relationships between two key social capital constructs, social cohesion among sex workers and social participation of sex workers in the larger community, and HIV-related risk in Swaziland using respondent-driven sampling. Relationships between social cohesion, social participation, and HIV-related risk factors were assessed using logistic regression. HIV prevalence among the sample was 70.4% (223/317. Social cohesion was associated with consistent condom use in the past week (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.25, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.30-3.90 and was associated with fewer reports of social discrimination, including denial of police protection. Social participation was associated with HIV testing (AOR = 2.39, 95% CI: 1.36-4.03 and using condoms with non-paying partners (AOR = 1.99, 95% CI: 1.13-3.51, and was inversely associated with reported verbal or physical harassment as a result of selling sex (AOR = 0.55, 95% CI: 0.33-0.91. Both social capital constructs were significantly associated with collective action, which involved participating in meetings to promote sex worker rights or attending HIV-related meetings/ talks with other sex workers. Social- and structural-level interventions focused on building social cohesion and social participation among sex workers could provide significant protection from HIV infection for female sex workers in Swaziland.

  15. MATES in Construction: Impact of a Multimodal, Community-Based Program for Suicide Prevention in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham Martin

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available A large-scale workplace-based suicide prevention and early intervention program was delivered to over 9,000 construction workers on building sites across Queensland. Intervention components included universal General Awareness Training (GAT; general mental health with a focus on suicide prevention; gatekeeper training provided to construction worker volunteer ‘Connectors’; Suicide First Aid (ASIST training offered to key workers; outreach support provided by trained and supervised MIC staff; state-wide suicide prevention hotline; case management service; and postvention support provided in the event of a suicide. Findings from over 7,000 workers (April 2008 to November 2010 are reported, indicating strong construction industry support, with 67% building sites and employers approached agreeing to participate in MIC. GAT participants demonstrated significantly increased suicide prevention awareness compared with a comparison group. Connector training participants rated MIC as helpful and effective, felt prepared to intervene with a suicidal person, and knew where to seek help for a suicidal individual following the training. Workers engaged positively with the after-hours crisis support phone line and case management. MIC provided postvention support to 10 non-MIC sites and sites engaged with MIC, but not yet MIC-compliant. Current findings support the potential effectiveness and social validity of MIC for preventing suicide in construction workers.

  16. Role of ILO in the Field of Workers' Education for Rural Workers and Their Organisations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labour Education, 1975

    1975-01-01

    The framework within which ILO activities for workers' education among rural workers are undertaken can be considered as having two dimensions; the ILO's overall work for the development of the rural areas and the overall workers' education activities. Activity areas for workers' education programs are discussed. (Author/EC)

  17. The Global HIV Epidemics among Sex Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Kerrigan, Deanna; Wirtz, Andrea; Baral, Stefan; Decker, Michele; Murray, Laura; Poteat, Tonia; Pretorius, Carel; Sherman, Susan; Sweat, Mike; Semini, Iris; N'Jie, N'Della; Stanciole, Anderson; Butler, Jenny; Osornprasop, Sutayut; Oelrichs, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009). Unfairly, sex workers have often been framed as 'vectors of disease' and 'core transmitters' rather than workers and human beings with rights in terms of HIV prevention and beyond. By gaining a deeper understand...

  18. Arsenal Workers During World War II

    Science.gov (United States)

    1945-01-01

    During World War II, Arsenal workers from Huntsville, Alabama. and surrounding areas responded to the call for civilian defense workers. This February 20, 1945 photo shows workers filling colored smoke grenades that were used for signaling. (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)

  19. Signaling and Screening of Workers' Motivation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Delfgaauw (Josse); A.J. Dur (Robert)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper develops a model in which workers to a certain extent like to exert effort at the workplace. We examine the implications of workers' motivation for optimal monetary incentive schemes. We show that in the optimum motivated workers work harder and are willing to work for a lower

  20. 78 FR 68867 - Division of Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-15

    ... of Workers' Compensation Programs Division of Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Proposed... Office of Workers' Compensation (OWCP) is soliciting comments concerning the proposed collection...). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background: The Office of Workers' Compensation Programs, (OWCP) administers...

  1. Construction safety

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Rita Yi Man

    2013-01-01

    A close-to-ideal blend of suburb and city, speedy construction of towers of Babylon, the sparkling proportion of glass and steel buildings’ facade at night showcase the wisdom of humans. They also witness the footsteps, sweats and tears of architects and engineers. Unfortunately, these signatures of human civilizations are swathed in towering figures of construction accidents. Fretting about these on sites, different countries adopt different measures on sites. This book firstly sketches the construction accidents on sites, followed by a review on safety measures in some of the developing countries such as Bermuda, Egypt, Kuwait and China; as well as developed countries, for example, the United States, France and Singapore. It also highlights the enormous compensation costs with the courts’ experiences in the United Kingdom and Hong Kong.

  2. Usability Constructs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertzum, Morten; Clemmesen, Torkil; Hornbæk, Kasper Anders Søren;

    2007-01-01

    by two factors crucial to the international development and uptake of information systems: cultural background (Chinese, Danish, or Indian) and stakeholder group (developer or user). We find that for the user group frustrating and useful systems are experienced similarly, whereas for the developers...... frustrating systems are experienced similarly to easy-to-use systems. Looking at the most characteristic construct for each participant we find that Chinese participants use constructs related to security, task types, training, and system issues, whereas Danish and to some extent Indian participants make more...

  3. Mortality studies of smelter workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enterline, P E; Marsh, G M

    1980-01-01

    In view of the historic importance of smelter workers in the field of occupational medicine, it is surprising that until very recently little data was available on the mortality experience of these workers. The problem in most studies lies in identifying the smelter workers, because smelting, strictly speaking, refers to the melting of ores for the purposes of recovering metals, whereas smelters sometimes perform the operations of roasting, calcining, sintering, converting, and refining. These distinctions are not made in most mortality studies. Most mortality studies of smelter workers conducted to date have shown some excess in lung cancer. For lead, copper, cadmium, and nickel smelters a different etiologic agent has been proposed for each. These different explanations arise partly from different initial perspectives in conducting the studies. In this paper, data are presented on a current historical-prospective study of males who worked a year or more during the period January 1, 1940 to December 31, 1964 at a copper smelter in Tacoma, Washington. This smelter (and refinery) handled a copper ore with a relatively high arsenic content and produced arsenic trioxide as a by-product. Overall 97.2% of the original study population was traced through 1976. Of the 1,061 who were found to have died, death certificates were obtained for 1,018, or 96%. For all causes of death, the mortality rates in this cohort, expressed as a Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR), were 3.5% higher than that expected based on the United States white male mortality experience. A total of 104 respiratory system cancers were observed compared to 54.6 expected (SMR = 190.5, p less than .05). Respiratory cancer rates were found to be elevated in both smokers and nonsmokers. Overall, a gradual rise in SMR's for respiratory cancer was observed with increasing duration of exposure but not with an increasing interval from onset of exposure. This observation is consistent with the notion that the

  4. Pulmonary function in automobile repair workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chattopadhyay O

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Automobile repair shop is a place where workers are exposed to harmful chemicals and toxic substances. Objective : To study the occurrence of obstructive and restrictive pulmonary impairment among automobile garage workers. Methods : A cross sectional study involving 151 automobile garage workers from 14 randomly selected garages of urban Kolkata. The study variables were Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV 1 , Forced Vital Capacity (FVC, Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PE FR, age, smoking habit, duration of work, type of work, and respiratory symptoms. The study was analysed using Regression equations, and Chi-square test. Results : All the workers were male. Obstructive impairment was seen in 25.83% of the workers whereas restrictive impairment was seen in 21.19% of the workers. Mixed obstructive and restrictive impairment was seen in 10.6% of the workers. The frequency of obstructive impairment was higher in older workers. In the age group of less than 20 years, 13.6% of the workers had obstructive impairment while 42.86% of workers above 40 years of age had obstructive impairment. Obstructive impairment was more frequently observed in battery repair workers (58.33% and spray painters (37.5% while 16.67% of the body repair workers and 30.19% of the engine mechanics had obstructive impairment. Obstructive impairment was more frequently observed in smokers (53.1 % as compared to ex-smokers (33.3% and non-smokers (6.4%. Obstructive impairment was more frequently observed in workers who had been working for a longer duration. Conclusion: Nearly 36.4% of the automobile garage workers had some form of pulmonary function impairment; obstructive and/or restrictive. The use of personal protective equipment, worker education, and discontinuation of the use of paints containing toxic pigments are recommended.

  5. Optimal Workfare in a Society of Workers and Non-Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Claus T. Hansen; Torben Tranaes

    2000-01-01

    Most workers are only partially insured against unemployment. One reason is that high unemployment compensation creates a free rider problem when monitoring of job search behavior is limited; people who do not seek employment (non-workers) may nevertheless collect unemployment compensation. We show that unproductive workfare for unemployed workers may improve unemployment insurance if workers and non-workers value leisure differently. If they differ only with respect to productivity workfare ...

  6. Construction Site Workers’ Awareness on Using Safety Equipment: Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulang N. Md

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction sector is an important sector and contributed significantly to national development. However, this sector poses higher risk to accident. This is due to fact that construction site can be considered as a dangerous zone to workers and to the public. Due to the variety of cases occurs on site, the contractor will usually have to pay the cost related to accidents in the form of higher insurance premium. Despite various measures, accidents still occur at construction sites. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE is one of the important means to protect the wearer from hazards in the workplace. Since this equipment is the last frontier of the wearer from worksite hazards, it is important to select it based on the job scope and the intended protection. Therefore, this study was formulated to find out the level of knowledge and awareness of construction workers on PPE usage. It was also important to know what make the workers would want or do not want to use the PPE. It was found in this study that the level of awareness and knowledge among workers on the proper use of PPE is moderate. Construction sites accident can be further be reduced with proper implementation of PPE voluntarily by all workers.

  7. On Knowledge Workers in the Knowledge Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Yu-wei; WANG Shu-hong

    2004-01-01

    The paper makes a study on our present knowledge society and knowledge workers. After analyzing the reason that knowledge workers are the newly emerging dominant group in this knowledge society, it gets to the point that the real leadership in the age of knowledge are knowledge workers. Yet, they have to actively organize and learn together, otherwise, they would be same as the workers of industrial model. Only through organizational learning can knowledge workers turn into a very innovative learning organization dancing with the unexpected.

  8. Cancer incidence among Danish brewery workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Lau Caspar; Johansen, Christoffer; Grønbaek, Morten;

    2005-01-01

    Since the foundation of the Danish Brewery Workers' Union (BWU) in 1898, an integrated issue in the labour contract between the BWU and the employers implied that the breweries provided 6 bottles of beer to each brewery worker per day. The objective of our study is to investigate if this presumably...... in a brewery between 1939 and 1963. From the original cohort of 14,313 workers, it was possible to identify 13,051 brewery workers (91.2%). The identified brewery workers were linked to the Danish Cancer Registry for any cancer diagnoses during 1943-1999. The incidence rate of all Danish men was applied...

  9. Do working environment interventions reach shift workers?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nabe-Nielsen, Kirsten; Jørgensen, Marie Birk; Garde, Anne Helene;

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: Shift workers are exposed to more physical and psychosocial stressors in the working environment as compared to day workers. Despite the need for targeted prevention, it is likely that workplace interventions less frequently reach shift workers. The aim was therefore to investigate whether...... to some extent explained the lack of reach of interventions especially among fixed evening workers. CONCLUSIONS: In the light of the evidence of shift workers' stressful working conditions, we suggest that future studies focus on the generalizability of results of the present study and on how to reach...

  10. Measurement Research on Industrial Workers in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Weixin

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper studied the factors that made the new generation of migrant workers transform in to the industrial workers by the questionnaire for them in china. On the basis of analyzing the characteristics of the new generation of migrant worker groups, the implementation approaches of their industrialization has been researched from the following four aspects: their on quality, psychological identity, economic base and social environment with the help of structural equation modle. Measures that transformed the new generation of migrant workers into industrial workers had been proposed according to the result of this study.

  11. Construction work

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Construction work on building 179 will start on the 16th February 2004 and continue until November 2004. The road between buildings 179 and 158 will temporarily become a one way street from Route Democrite towards building 7. The parking places between buildings 179 and 7 will become obsolete. The ISOLDE collaboration would like to apologize for any inconveniences.

  12. Analysis of working postures at a construction site using the OWAS method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Tzu-Hsien; Han, Chia-Shan

    2013-01-01

    This study used OWAS to analyze the working postures of construction workers on building the foundations of a log cabin. Three construction workers, with an average work experience of 40 years, participated in this study. Eight elementary jobs of building the foundations of a log cabin were videotaped at a construction site and analyzed later in the laboratory. For an overall distribution of trunk postures, OWAS identified that a bent and twisted trunk posture (34%), which fell into action category 3, was the major poor posture for construction workers. This study also identified that tying beams with steel bars, assembling column templates, and cement grouting of the ground were the 3 principal jobs in which workers building the foundations exhibited poor working posture. This article suggests ways to reduce and evaluate poor posture in a dynamic construction site. PMID:23759194

  13. Analysis of working postures at a construction site using the OWAS method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Tzu-Hsien; Han, Chia-Shan

    2013-01-01

    This study used OWAS to analyze the working postures of construction workers on building the foundations of a log cabin. Three construction workers, with an average work experience of 40 years, participated in this study. Eight elementary jobs of building the foundations of a log cabin were videotaped at a construction site and analyzed later in the laboratory. For an overall distribution of trunk postures, OWAS identified that a bent and twisted trunk posture (34%), which fell into action category 3, was the major poor posture for construction workers. This study also identified that tying beams with steel bars, assembling column templates, and cement grouting of the ground were the 3 principal jobs in which workers building the foundations exhibited poor working posture. This article suggests ways to reduce and evaluate poor posture in a dynamic construction site.

  14. Mortality among dock-yard workers in Genoa, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puntoni, R; Russo, L; Zannini, D; Vercelli, M; Gambaro, R P; Valerio, F; Santi, L

    1977-01-01

    The causes of death among the dock-yard workers of Genoa from December 31, 1959 to January 1, 1970, have been investigated. These workers, mainly assigned to ship repair, refitting and construction, are exposed to several noxious substances, such as: asbestos, silica, paint solvents, welding smoke and volatile products of petroleum. Two different control groups were selected: the male population of Genoa and the staff of the San Martino Hospital in Genoa. Causes of death showing a significant increase were: gastric cancer (only in comparison with the hospital staff), cancer of colon excluding rectum, lung cancer, cancer of kidney, urinary bladder and other urinary organs, respiratory diseases, cirrhosis of the liver, cardiovascular diseases (only in comparison with the hospital staff).

  15. Assessing Quality of Working Life Among Malaysian Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulaiman, Nur Suffia; Choo, Wan Yuen; Mat Yassim, Abdul Rahim; Van Laar, Darren; Chinna, Karuthan; Majid, Hazreen Abdul

    2015-11-01

    The Work-Related Quality of Life Scale-2 (WRQLS-2) has been used to measure quality of working life (QOWL) in the United Kingdom. In this study, the scale was translated and normalized into Malay. The scale was translated using the back-translation method, pretesting, and pilot testing. It was conducted among health care and office workers. It was tested in 3 stages; confirmatory factor analysis at stages 1 and 3 and exploratory factor analysis at stage 2. The Malaysian WRQLS-2 had 5 factors: "General Well-Being," "Job and Career Satisfaction," "Employee Engagement," "Home-Work Interface," and "Stress at Work." The scale showed good convergent and construct validity and also reliability. Perception of good QOWL may differ because of cultural influences and varying work environments. The validated Malaysian WRQLS-2 can be used to determine the QOWL of Malaysian office and health care workers.

  16. Does workplace health promotion reach shift workers?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nabe-Nielsen, Kirsten; Garde, Anne Helene; Clausen, Thomas;

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: One reason for health disparities between shift and day workers may be that workplace health promotion does not reach shift workers to the same extent as it reaches day workers. This study aimed to investigate the association between shift work and the availability of and participation...... in workplace health promotion. METHODS: We used cross-sectional questionnaire data from a large representative sample of all employed people in Denmark. We obtained information on the availability of and participation in six types of workplace health promotion. We also obtained information on working hours, ie....... Within job groups undertaking shift work, we found few differences between day and shift workers, and these few differences appear to favor shift workers. Day workers and shift workers did not differ significantly with respect to their participation in health promotion. CONCLUSIONS: The present study...

  17. Job Strain in Shift and Daytime Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knutsson; Nilsson

    1997-07-01

    Cross-sectional questionnaire data were used to compare the levels of job strain in shift and daytime workers. Job strain was measured according to Karasek's Demands/Discretion model. Four occupational groups were included: drivers, industrial workers, policemen/watchmen, and cooks. The study subjects were a random sample of 508 daytime workers and 418 shift workers. Job demand did not differentiate between shift and daytime workers, comparing groups broken down by gender and by occupation. The daytime workers reported higher levels of job strain than the shift workers, and women experienced a higher level of job strain than did men. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that only occupational group and gender predicted job strain level. Shiftwork was not significantly associated with job strain in the regression model.

  18. Worker Remittances and Capital Flows

    OpenAIRE

    Buch, Claudia M; Kuckulenz, Anja; Le Manchec, Marie-Helene

    2002-01-01

    The debate on the risks and benefits of the globalisation of international capital markets has focused on the volume and the volatility of the main capital flows — foreign direct investment (FDI), portfolio investment, and foreign bank lending. Financial transfers in the form of worker remittances have received less attention in this context. This paper provides an analysis on the magnitude of remittances, their volatility, and their relationship to other capital flows. Moreover, we provide ...

  19. Administering Foreign-Worker Programs

    OpenAIRE

    Cebula, Richard

    1982-01-01

    The issue of illegal aliens has received considerable attention in recent years. Concern over the problem of illegal aliens has promulgated an array of efforts by the federal government to examine and revise immigration statutes and practices. Indeed, much debate has arisen over the possibility of instituting a large scale temporary foreign worker program in the United States. The book by professors Miller and Martin addresses some of the basic problems that must be taken into consideration ...

  20. Silicosis and coal workers' pneumoconiosis.

    OpenAIRE

    Castranova, V.; Vallyathan, V

    2000-01-01

    Exposure to coal mine dust and/or crystalline silica results in pneumoconiosis with initiation and progression of pulmonary fibrosis. This review presents characteristics of simple and complicated coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) as well as pathologic indices of acute and chronic silicosis by summarizing results of in vitro, animal, and human investigations. These results support four basic mechanisms in the etiology of CWP and silicosis: a) direct cytotoxicity of coal dust or silica, resul...

  1. Medical supervision of radiation workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first part of this volume describes the effects of radiation on living organism, both at the overall and at the molecular level. Special attention is paid to the metabolism and toxicity of radioactivity substances. The second part deals with radiological exposure, natural, medical and occupational. The third part provides data on radiological protection standards, and the fourth part addresses the health supervision of workers exposed to ionizing radiation, covering both physical and medical control.

  2. Foreign workers in South Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su-Jin Lim

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In today’s global age many people cross national borders in search of better work and more wages. According to IOM, more than 100 000 000 workers leave their homeland and migrate to another country for this reason. Europe and North America have already experienced increase in foreign labor for many decades but nowadays, it is very common to see foreign laborers in Asian countries. As the number of foreign laborers rapidly increased, however, so did many social problems in relation to these workers. No country is safe from or immune to such social problems in regards to the foreign workers especially with a much easier and more efficient transportation system. In case of South Korea, the history of foreign labor may not be as long as other nations but as of 2007, it boasts of more than 250 000 foreign laborers and is thus facing just as many social problems as well. In order to investigate such social issues, this article explores the history of foreign laborers and their current situation in South Korea. Furthermore, this artticle examines both internal and external factors which may have caused exponential growth of foreign labor market in South Korea in the past decade.

  3. Workers moving the industry forward

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Power Workers' Union represents workers at Ontario Hydro's nuclear stations and AECL operators at Chalk River. Although labour relations are far from perfect, the union does its best to protect the industry. Avoiding confrontation as much as possible, this union is happy to be regarded as a partner in the business. The union is impressed by the consultants' report on Ontario Hydro's nuclear operations. Whatever the future may bring, the present is not really pleasant for nuclear workers generally, in that the work itself is very demanding technically, and must be performed with great diligence because the responsibility for safety is enormous. Considering the actual safety record, some caricatures or ''cheap shots'' from antinuclear politicians and special interest groups seem quite offensive. As a partner in public relations, the union has produced draft fact sheets on topics such as: transporting radioactive material; the burning of plutonium from dismantled weaponry; deep geological storage of nuclear waste; the sale of Candu reactors to China. The author closes with some advice on how to improve industrial relations, based on the union's experience

  4. A meta-analytic approach for characterizing the within-worker and between-worker sources of variation in occupational exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Symanski, Elaine; Maberti, Silvia; Chan, Wenyaw

    2006-06-01

    While many studies have quantified the sources of variation in exposure to workplace contaminants for individual groups of workers, patterns of exposure variability have not been investigated since a comprehensive evaluation was carried out over 10 years ago. Therefore, a systematic review of the literature was conducted to identify studies that applied the one-way random-effects model to describe exposure profiles of groups of workers classified on the basis of the kind of work performed and where it was performed. Quantitative estimates of the sources of variation in exposure along with information related to the workplace, contaminant and sampling strategy were compiled. For subsets of the data, based upon the classification scheme used to group workers, weighted empirical cumulative distribution functions were constructed and compared using the non-parametric Kolomogorov-Smirnov two-sample test. Further stratifications evaluated differences by industry, agent and characteristics of the sampling strategy. The review identified nearly 60 studies that examined the within-worker and between-worker sources of variation in exposure to workplace contaminants. In pooling results across studies, the between-worker variability increased as workers were aggregated across jobs and locations. The within-worker variability for an occupational group of workers was generally larger than the between-worker variability, although the differences in the variation in exposures across work shifts relative to the variation among workers' mean exposure levels diminished as groups were combined across jobs and locations. On average, gaseous exposures were more homogeneous than exposures to aerosols or dermal agents as were exposures in the chemical industry compared with the non-chemical industry. The design of sampling strategies also plays an important role with greater variability among groups of workers who were sampled randomly rather than systematically; in addition, differences

  5. Reasons for job separations in a cohort of workers with psychiatric disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Judith A; Burke-Miller, Jane K

    2015-01-01

    We explored the relative effects of adverse working conditions, job satisfaction, wages, worker characteristics, and local labor markets in explaining voluntary job separations (quits) among employed workers with psychiatric disabilities. Data come from the Employment Intervention Demonstration Program in which 2,086 jobs were ended by 892 workers during a 24 mo observation period. Stepped multivariable logistic regression analysis examined the effect of variables on the likelihood of quitting. Over half (59%) of all job separations were voluntary while 41% were involuntary, including firings (17%), temporary job endings (14%), and layoffs (10%). In multivariable analysis, workers were more likely to quit positions at which they were employed for 20 h/wk or less, those with which they were dissatisfied, low-wage jobs, non-temporary positions, and jobs in the structural (construction) occupations. Voluntary separation was less likely for older workers, members of racial and ethnic minority groups, and those residing in regions with lower unemployment rates. Patterns of job separations for workers with psychiatric disabilities mirrored some findings regarding job leaving in the general labor force but contradicted others. Job separation antecedents reflect the concentration of jobs for workers with psychiatric disabilities in the secondary labor market, characterized by low-salaried, temporary, and part-time employment. PMID:26348698

  6. Reasons for job separations in a cohort of workers with psychiatric disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith A. Cook, PhD

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available We explored the relative effects of adverse working conditions, job satisfaction, wages, worker characteristics, and local labor markets in explaining voluntary job separations (quits among employed workers with psychiatric disabilities. Data come from the Employment Intervention Demonstration Program in which 2,086 jobs were ended by 892 workers during a 24 mo observation period. Stepped multivariable logistic regression analysis examined the effect of variables on the likelihood of quitting. Over half (59% of all job separations were voluntary while 41% were involuntary, including firings (17%, temporary job endings (14%, and layoffs (10%. In multivariable analysis, workers were more likely to quit positions at which they were employed for 20 h/wk or less, those with which they were dissatisfied, low-wage jobs, non-temporary positions, and jobs in the structural (construction occupations. Voluntary separation was less likely for older workers, members of racial and ethnic minority groups, and those residing in regions with lower unemployment rates. Patterns of job separations for workers with psychiatric disabilities mirrored some findings regarding job leaving in the general labor force but contradicted others. Job separation antecedents reflect the concentration of jobs for workers with psychiatric disabilities in the secondary labor market, characterized by low-salaried, temporary, and part-time employment.

  7. Reasons for job separations in a cohort of workers with psychiatric disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Judith A; Burke-Miller, Jane K

    2015-01-01

    We explored the relative effects of adverse working conditions, job satisfaction, wages, worker characteristics, and local labor markets in explaining voluntary job separations (quits) among employed workers with psychiatric disabilities. Data come from the Employment Intervention Demonstration Program in which 2,086 jobs were ended by 892 workers during a 24 mo observation period. Stepped multivariable logistic regression analysis examined the effect of variables on the likelihood of quitting. Over half (59%) of all job separations were voluntary while 41% were involuntary, including firings (17%), temporary job endings (14%), and layoffs (10%). In multivariable analysis, workers were more likely to quit positions at which they were employed for 20 h/wk or less, those with which they were dissatisfied, low-wage jobs, non-temporary positions, and jobs in the structural (construction) occupations. Voluntary separation was less likely for older workers, members of racial and ethnic minority groups, and those residing in regions with lower unemployment rates. Patterns of job separations for workers with psychiatric disabilities mirrored some findings regarding job leaving in the general labor force but contradicted others. Job separation antecedents reflect the concentration of jobs for workers with psychiatric disabilities in the secondary labor market, characterized by low-salaried, temporary, and part-time employment.

  8. Evaluation of oxidative stress and DNA damage in cement and tannery workers in Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elhosary, Naema; Maklad, Aisha; Soliman, Eman; El-Ashmawy, Nahla; Oreby, Merfat

    2014-04-01

    In Egypt, workers have potentially high exposure levels to chromium (VI) in the cement production and construction industry and to chromium (III) in the leather tanning industry. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of chromium exposure on lipoperoxidation, thiol antioxidants and DNA in cement and tannery workers. This study was conducted on 65 adult male volunteers. These subjects were divided into three groups: Group I (control group); 23 normal healthy volunteers, Group II; 22 cement workers and Group III; 20 tannery workers. All participants were subjected to thorough history, clinical examination and laboratory determination of total blood and urinary chromium, plasma malondialdehyde and total thiol in plasma and assessment of oxidative DNA damage through p53 overexpression. About one third of cement and tannery workers had severe skin and chest manifestations and severe nasal manifestations were observed in 22.7% and 20% of cement and tannery workers, respectively. The blood and urinary Cr and plasma malondialdehyde levels of cement and tannery were significantly higher than control group. Additionally, there was a significant increase of total thiol in control group compared to exposed groups. About half of cement and one third of tannery groups expressed high grade of p53 expression. The blood chromium revealed significant negative correlation with thiol, but, positive correlation with malondialdehyde and p53 expression. Cement and tannery workers should be subjected to frequent clinical examination and blood or urine chromium analysis level to keep guard against its toxic consequences. PMID:24617565

  9. Investigation and Study on Employment Status of Migrant Workers in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Ji-ying; Wang Yao

    2015-01-01

    With the gradual acceleration of urbanization speed and continuous improvements of agricultural productivity, the number of migrant workers is increasing. The living conditions of this group in cities determine the quality of urbanization in China, and are of great and far-reaching significance to Chinese construction of comprehensive well-off society. This study took the migrant workers in Heilongjiang Province as the research object, and took the representative new-generation migrant workers as the respondent to have a comprehensive analysis of the employment status. The study focused on these aspects, such as nature information, employment selection, employment quality, and social security, etc. Finally, it provided valuable ideas and methods on the reasonable solutions of the employment problems of the migrant workers to better increase farmers' income and improve their living qualities.

  10. Relative importance and utility of positive worker states: a review and empirical examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele, John P; Rupayana, Disha D; Mills, Maura J; Smith, Michael R; Wefald, Andrew; Downey, Ronald G

    2012-01-01

    Our purpose was to identity the unique contribution, relative importance, and utility of positive worker states. Using Luthans et al.'s (2007) five positive organizational behavior criteria, a variety of positive worker states were reviewed and then empirically tested to establish if they met these criteria. Data were collected from 724 restaurant employees. Positive worker states included: job involvement, perceived organizational support, engagement, and vigor. Criteria were self-reported performance, customer service, turnover intention, satisfaction, and quality of life. Our review indicated consistency between predictor adequacy of meeting the criteria and their empirical relationship with key outcomes. This research found the positive worker states to be independent constructs that had differential effects depending on the focused outcome. Regression and relative weights analyses showed involvement was a weak predictor of outcomes, while perceived organizational support was the most consistent predictor. Vigor was most useful when predicting job performance. Quality of life was poorly explained. PMID:23094474

  11. The effects of fixed-term contracts on workers in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Karime Abadía Alvarado

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the effects of fixed-term contracts on workers. Specifically, the paper analyzes their impact on wages and on satisfaction levels. Regulations governing fixed-term and indefinite contracts in Colombia and the main labor reforms related to these two types of contract are analyzed. Women, young and low-educated workers, who work in small firms, in the private sector and in construction or manufacturing are most likely to have fixed-term contracts. In terms of wages, we found a significant raw and adjusted wage gap against workers with fixed-term contracts. Finally, we found, as expected, evidence that fixed-term contracts reduce the level of worker satisfaction.

  12. Relative importance and utility of positive worker states: a review and empirical examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele, John P; Rupayana, Disha D; Mills, Maura J; Smith, Michael R; Wefald, Andrew; Downey, Ronald G

    2012-01-01

    Our purpose was to identity the unique contribution, relative importance, and utility of positive worker states. Using Luthans et al.'s (2007) five positive organizational behavior criteria, a variety of positive worker states were reviewed and then empirically tested to establish if they met these criteria. Data were collected from 724 restaurant employees. Positive worker states included: job involvement, perceived organizational support, engagement, and vigor. Criteria were self-reported performance, customer service, turnover intention, satisfaction, and quality of life. Our review indicated consistency between predictor adequacy of meeting the criteria and their empirical relationship with key outcomes. This research found the positive worker states to be independent constructs that had differential effects depending on the focused outcome. Regression and relative weights analyses showed involvement was a weak predictor of outcomes, while perceived organizational support was the most consistent predictor. Vigor was most useful when predicting job performance. Quality of life was poorly explained.

  13. 日薪制与新型劳资关系的建构--广东S镇农民工劳务市场调查%The Daily Wage System and Construction of New Type Employee-employer Relation:A Case Study of Migrant Workers Labor Market in Town S Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宇

    2014-01-01

    在城镇化进程加速的重要时期,城乡二元结构仍然影响着农民工的市民化步伐,他们长期依赖次属的、非正规的劳务市场就业,易于被欠薪。因此,日薪制劳务市场在G市S镇悄然兴起。走进日薪制劳务市场,是农民工的理性选择,按日付薪是他们在建构新的薪资给付模式。虽然日薪制劳务市场的兴起,迎合了劳资双方的某些需要,降低了劳资双方传统的风险,但也导致农民工群体的社会保障在无形中流失、企业发展难以形成规模。因此,本研究基于劳务市场分割理论视角,提出规范日薪制劳务市场的相关对策建议。%During the important period of accelerating urbanization process, the rural-urban dual structure has been still affecting the migrant workers getting citizenship. Migrant workers rely on informal labor market. Therefore, they are the group that easily suffers from wage arrears. Now, the daily wage sys⁃tem in migrant workers labor market has been springing up in Town S, Guangzhou. The emerging of daily wage system is a new form of wage paying, which means migrant workers have been conducting rational contention. To some extent, the daily wage system could cater for the need of both employees and employ⁃ers, and reduce traditional risks the former two needed to take. However, the daily wage system may also lead to the loss of migrant workers’social security, and bring more difficulties to the development of enter⁃prises. Based on labor market segmentation theory, the authors put forward some suggestions to regulate the daily wage system presently emerging in migrant workers labor market.

  14. Finding Jesus in the Holy Land and taking Him back home to China: Chinese contemporary migrant workers in Israel converting to evangelical Christianity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Kalir

    2009-01-01

    The article describes and probes the conversion of Chinese temporary migrant workers in Israel to evangelical Christianity. Since 1995 thousands of Chinese workers have been recruited, mainly from villages across Fujian, for construction work in Israel. In 1998 an evangelical church was established

  15. Construction/Communication & Media. B5. CHOICE: Challenging Options in Career Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam and Northern Westchester Counties Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Yorktown Heights, NY.

    The documents aggregated here comprise the fourth grade unit of a career education curriculum for migrant students. The unit focuses on the tools and tasks of workers in 11 jobs in the construction, communication, and media occupational clusters: heavy equipment operator, architect, mason, carpenter, plumber, electrician, telephone line worker,…

  16. Layout Construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Gudmund Skovbjerg; Palsberg, Jens; Schmidt, Erik Meineche;

    We design a system for generating newspaper layout proposals. The input to the system consists of editorial information (text, pictures, etc) and style information (non-editorial information that specifies the aesthetic appearance of a layout). We consider the automation of layout construction...... to pose two main problems. One problem consists in optimizing the layout with respect to the constraints and preferences specified in the style information. Another problem consists in finding a representation of the style information that both supports its use in the combinatorial optimization...

  17. Kin discrimination by worker honey bees in genetically mixed groups

    OpenAIRE

    Breed, Michael D.; Butler, Linda; Stiller, Tammy M.

    1985-01-01

    We tested the hypothesis that in a genetically mixed assemblage of worker honey bees, individual workers would behave differently toward unfamiliar sisters than toward unfamiliar nonsisters. Groups of worker honey bees of mixed genetic composition were assembled by collecting pupae from separate colonies and placing the worker bees together on eclosion. A total of 10 workers, 5 from each of two kin groups, were used to form each group. When the workers were 5 days old, a worker of one of the ...

  18. [Vibration hazards in quarry workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakakibara, H; Miyao, M; Nakagawa, T; Yamada, S; Kobayashi, F; Ono, Y; Iwata, M; Hisanaga, N; Momoi, N

    1984-03-01

    Vibration hazards were surveyed in a population of quarry workers using chipping hammers and to a lesser extent, rock drills. Sixty-nine male quarry workers, aged 49.1 +/- 8.7 and exposed to vibration for 16.4 +/- 5.1 years, were surveyed in 1981-82. They were exposed to vibration for about 2-4 hours per days, mainly under a piece-work pay system. They had a high prevalence of Raynaud's phenomenon (36.2%) and numbness in upper extremities (53.6%). It is considered that the high prevalence was mainly due to large vibration levels in chipping hammers and rock drills and long daily exposure time. The attacks of Raynaud's phenomenon were found predominantly in the left hand, which held chisels, whereas the restriction of motion in the elbow was predominantly in the right arm which pushed chipping hammers. The same 49 male quarry workers in this population were also surveyed in 1976-77 and the prevalence of their complaints between 1976-77 and 1981-82 was compared. The prevalence of Raynaud's phenomenon was the same, but the frequency of the attacks increased between the two periods. The prevalence of other complaints such as numbness, pain and chills in the upper extremities also increased. Between 1976-77 and 1981-82, the prevalence of Raynaud's phenomenon, numbness, and pain in the upper extremities increased in the population of quarriers exposed to vibration for above 2.6 hours per day and 200 days per year, or 600 hours per year. On the other hand, the prevalence of these complaints mostly decreased in the population of quarriers with less exposure.

  19. Managing spoiled identities: dirty workers' struggles for a favourable sense of self

    OpenAIRE

    Grandy, Gina

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how a group of dirty workers, that is, exotic dancers employed in a gentlemen's club, engage in identity construction amidst various macro, meso and micro considerations. Design/methodology/approach – This study adopts a social constructivist approach in exploring the stories of a group of 21 dancers employed at a chain of exotic dancing clubs in the UK, For Your Eyes Only. Findings – Identity construction is a complex process whereby danc...

  20. Factors Affecting the Productivity of Government Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerry P. Haenisch

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available While there have been a variety of studies concerning government worker motivation and productivity, few, if any, studies have focused specifically on state government workers’ perceptions about what factors affect their productivity. With more than 5 million workers employed by state governments in the United States, any improvement in state workplace productivity could have significant financial and service impact for society. In this study, state government workers identified those factors perceived as most affecting their workplace productivity. Data were collected through a survey offered to state government workers in the state of Wyoming. Factor analysis was used to derive key productivity factors from survey responses. The results indicate that state government workers appreciate having freedom and autonomy, like their jobs and the sense of achievement, and welcome teamwork, but feel limited by poor supervision and management, poor communications, and insufficient budgets and staffing. To improve productivity, the workers would eliminate bureaucracy, supervise better, and improve communication.

  1. A Big-Data-based platform of workers' behavior: Observations from the field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, S Y; Ding, L Y; Luo, H B; Jiang, X Y

    2016-08-01

    Behavior-Based Safety (BBS) has been used in construction to observe, analyze and modify workers' behavior. However, studies have identified that BBS has several limitations, which have hindered its effective implementation. To mitigate the negative impact of BBS, this paper uses a case study approach to develop a Big-Data-based platform to classify, collect and store data about workers' unsafe behavior that is derived from a metro construction project. In developing the platform, three processes were undertaken: (1) a behavioral risk knowledge base was established; (2) images reflecting workers' unsafe behavior were collected from intelligent video surveillance and mobile application; and (3) images with semantic information were stored via a Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS). The platform was implemented during the construction of the metro-system and it is demonstrated that it can effectively analyze semantic information contained in images, automatically extract workers' unsafe behavior and quickly retrieve on HDFS as well. The research presented in this paper can enable construction organizations with the ability to visualize unsafe acts in real-time and further identify patterns of behavior that can jeopardize safety outcomes. PMID:26614050

  2. PRIORITISING LEAN CONSTRUCTION BARRIERS IN UGANDA'S CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Mwanaki Alinaitwe

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Engaging in lean construction efforts could prove to be highly rewarding for building firms in Uganda. However, lean construction is risky and can be disastrous if not properly managed. Lean production efforts in some other countries have not been successful due to the many barriers to its successful implementation. To enable sound lean construction efforts and to increase the chances of success in eliminating waste, a thorough investigation of the barriers is essential. This study presents 31 barriers and investigates their influence (strength on the success of lean construction initiatives. Structured interviews were carried out with technical managers of building firms to assess their perception of the barriers to lean production based on their experience at their firms. The strongest barrier is the provision of inputs exactly when required. Additionally, the barriers were ranked according to the ease of overcoming each. The easiest barrier to overcome is keeping the required items in the right place. Finally, a graphical aid is provided to enable decision makers to concentrate their efforts on the influential (strong, yet easy to overcome barriers. A lack of buildable designs and a participative management style for the workforce are the most important barriers to successful waste reduction in terms of strength and ease of overcoming. On the other hand, a lack of an organisational culture that supports teamwork, a lack of prefabrication and a lack of knowledgeable and skilled workers are regarded as low in strength, and at the same time difficult to overcome.

  3. Modelling Constructs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kindler, Ekkart

    2009-01-01

    There are many different notations and formalisms for modelling business processes and workflows. These notations and formalisms have been introduced with different purposes and objectives. Later, influenced by other notations, comparisons with other tools, or by standardization efforts, these no......There are many different notations and formalisms for modelling business processes and workflows. These notations and formalisms have been introduced with different purposes and objectives. Later, influenced by other notations, comparisons with other tools, or by standardization efforts......, these notations have been extended in order to increase expressiveness and to be more competitive. This resulted in an increasing number of notations and formalisms for modelling business processes and in an increase of the different modelling constructs provided by modelling notations, which makes it difficult...... to compare modelling notations and to make transformations between them. One of the reasons is that, in each notation, the new concepts are introduced in a different way by extending the already existing constructs. In this chapter, we go the opposite direction: We show that it is possible to add most...

  4. Germany - no country for old workers?

    OpenAIRE

    Dietz, Martin; Walwei, Ulrich

    2011-01-01

    "The employment situation of older workers in Germany used to be poor. However, in recent years it has improved considerably. Germany has shifted its policies to strengthen the labor market performance of older workers. Policy has focused on less early exits of older workers and far-reaching institutional changes concerning public pension schemes and unemployment benefit systems. A better overall development of the labor market and an increased labor force participation of women contributed t...

  5. DISTRESS AND JOB PERFORMANCE OF INDUSTRIAL WORKERS

    OpenAIRE

    Samanta, C.R.; Singh, Avneesh

    1993-01-01

    SUMMARY The present study aims at the investigation of the relationship between distress and job performance of industrial workers. The sample consisted of 500 workers of public and private sectors. CMI Health Questionnaire and Performance Appraisal Scale (PAS) were used to measure the level of distress and quality of performance at job, respectively. Results showed that physical, menial and overall distress correlated significantly and negatively with workers ′performance as appraised Furthe...

  6. Radiological changes in asbestos cement workers.

    OpenAIRE

    Jakobsson, K; Strömberg, U; Albin, M; Welinder, H; Hagmar, L

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To explore associations between exposure to asbestos cement dust and radiographic findings in lung parenchyma and pleura. METHODS--Radiographs from 174 blue collar workers and 29 white collar workers from an asbestos cement plant formed one part of the study. Progression of small opacities was further studied in those 124 blue collar workers, for whom two radiographs taken after the end of employment were available. The median readings from five readers who used the full ILO 1980 c...

  7. Factors Affecting The Retention Of Knowledge Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Margie Sutherland; Wilhelm Jordaan

    2004-01-01

    One of the characteristics of knowledge workers is their high level of mobility. The cost of labour turnover of these key resources is high in both financial and non financial terms. There is thus a need to understand what the factors are that underpin the retention cognitions of knowledge workers. Data was collected from 306 knowledge workers in full time employment representing a wide range of demographic groupings. The results showed that job satisfaction and organisational commitment do n...

  8. Pulmonary function in automobile repair workers

    OpenAIRE

    Chattopadhyay O

    2007-01-01

    Background : Automobile repair shop is a place where workers are exposed to harmful chemicals and toxic substances. Objective : To study the occurrence of obstructive and restrictive pulmonary impairment among automobile garage workers. Methods : A cross sectional study involving 151 automobile garage workers from 14 randomly selected garages of urban Kolkata. The study variables were Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV 1 ), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (...

  9. Contact Allergy in Danish Healthcare Workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwensen, Jakob F; Menné, Torkil; Sommerlund, Mette;

    2015-01-01

    Contact dermatitis in healthcare workers is a pan-European problem. We conducted a retrospective observational study of the patch-test results of 1402 healthcare workers and 1402 matched controls with contact dermatitis who were treated at 3 hospitals departments in Denmark between 2007 and 2014...... in healthcare workers was significantly associated with having occupational contact dermatitis, hand dermatitis and older age. In conclusion, we report here a potential problem of contact allergy to thiurams in healthcare workers with contact dermatitis. Legislative authorities may in the future focus...

  10. Hazards of lung biopsy in asbestos workers.

    OpenAIRE

    Lerman, Y.; Ribak, J; Selikoff, I J

    1986-01-01

    An investigation into the problem of the frequency and hazards of lung biopsy in asbestos workers was performed in two ways. The first study was into the frequency of lung biopsy among 2907 long term asbestos insulation workers in 1981-3 and the second was into the frequency of fatal complications of lung biopsy in 168 deaths from asbestosis among 2271 consecutive deaths of asbestos insulation workers 1967-76. Only 25 (0.9%) of the 2907 asbestos insulation workers reported having had either a...

  11. Medical surveillance of occupationally exposed workers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2007-05-15

    The guide covers medical surveillance of workers engaged in radiation work and their fitness for this work, protection of the foetus and infant during the worker's pregnancy or breastfeeding, and medical surveillance measures to be taken when the dose limit has been exceeded. The guide also covers recognition of practitioners responsible for medical surveillance of category A workers, medical certificates to be issued to workers, and preservation and transfer of medical records. The medical surveillance requirements specified in this Guide cover the use of radiation and nuclear energy. The guide also applies to exposure to natural radiation in accordance with section 28 of the Finnish Radiation Decree

  12. Medical surveillance of occupationally exposed workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The guide covers medical surveillance of workers engaged in radiation work and their fitness for this work, protection of the foetus and infant during the worker's pregnancy or breastfeeding, and medical surveillance measures to be taken when the dose limit has been exceeded. The guide also covers recognition of practitioners responsible for medical surveillance of category A workers, medical certificates to be issued to workers, and preservation and transfer of medical records. The medical surveillance requirements specified in this Guide cover the use of radiation and nuclear energy. The guide also applies to exposure to natural radiation in accordance with section 28 of the Finnish Radiation Decree

  13. The Research of Cenozoic Migrant Worker Satisfaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于海霞

    2010-01-01

    The phenomenon of Cenozoic migrant worker shortage is a realism problem of China's enterprise,and Cenozoic migrant worker has become an important force occupied the social structure.So the study of Cenozoic migrant worker's status and the demand is imperative.Understand employees"both psychological and physiological satisfaction of enterprises'environmental factors,and make some corresponding changes is of great help to reduce the employee turnover rate.This paper commenced to research from the Cenozoic migrant worker's characteristics,analyzed conditions and puts forward the corresponding countermeasures.

  14. Workplace Bullying among Healthcare Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Montero-Simó

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to assess consistent predictors through the use of a sample that includes different actors from the healthcare work force to identify certain key elements in a set of job-related organizational contexts. The utilized data were obtained from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey, conducted in 2010 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. In light of these objectives, we collected a subsample of 284 health professionals, some of them from the International Standard Classification of Occupations—subgroup 22—(ISCO-08. The results indicated that the chance of a healthcare worker referring to him/herself as bullied increases among those who work on a shift schedule, perform monotonous and rotating tasks, suffer from work stress, enjoy little satisfaction from their working conditions, and do not perceive opportunities for promotions in their organizations. The present work summarizes an array of outcomes and proposes within the usual course of events that workplace bullying could be reduced if job demands were limited and job resources were increased. The implications of these findings could assist human resource managers in facilitating, to some extent, good social relationships among healthcare workers.

  15. Real-Time Safety Risk Assessment Based on a Real-Time Location System for Hydropower Construction Sites

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang, Hanchen; Lin, Peng; Fan, Qixiang; Qiang, Maoshan

    2014-01-01

    The concern for workers' safety in construction industry is reflected in many studies focusing on static safety risk identification and assessment. However, studies on real-time safety risk assessment aimed at reducing uncertainty and supporting quick response are rare. A method for real-time safety risk assessment (RTSRA) to implement a dynamic evaluation of worker safety states on construction site has been proposed in this paper. The method provides construction managers who are in charge ...

  16. Labor force participation of married women in Turkey: Is there an added or a discouraged worker effect?

    OpenAIRE

    Karaoglan, Deniz; Okten, Cagla

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes married women's labor supply responses to their husbands' job loss (added worker effect) and worsening of unemployment conditions (discouraged worker effect). We find that married women whose husbands are unemployed or underemployed are more likely to participate in the labor force and work more hours using yearly cross-sectional data from Turkey for the 2000-2010 period. We also construct two year panels based on questions on previous year's labor market outcomes. Panel...

  17. Constructing Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanton, Patricia

    2003-02-01

    Schools are expected to lay the foundation upon which knowledge can be built and equip students with the tools necessary to accomplish the construction. The role of the teacher in this building process is crucial to the type of structure the student can build. Whether you call it constructivism, discussion teaching, project-based learning, inquiry learning, or any of the other names given to the instructional strategies being suggested by education researchers, the key is getting students to become active participants in the process. While some students may be able to learn from eloquently delivered lectures and dynamic demonstrations, the majority of students cannot effectively retain and apply ideas communicated in this manner.

  18. A critical number of workers in a honeybee colony triggers investment in reproduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Michael L.; Ostwald, Madeleine M.; Loftus, J. Carter; Seeley, Thomas D.

    2014-10-01

    Social insect colonies, like individual organisms, must decide as they develop how to allocate optimally their resources among survival, growth, and reproduction. Only when colonies reach a certain state do they switch from investing purely in survival and growth to investing also in reproduction. But how do worker bees within a colony detect that their colony has reached the state where it is adaptive to begin investing in reproduction? Previous work has shown that larger honeybee colonies invest more in reproduction (i.e., the production of drones and queens), however, the term `larger' encompasses multiple colony parameters including number of adult workers, size of the nest, amount of brood, and size of the honey stores. These colony parameters were independently increased in this study to test which one(s) would increase a colony's investment in reproduction via males. This was assayed by measuring the construction of drone comb, the special type of comb in which drones are reared. Only an increase in the number of workers stimulated construction of drone comb. Colonies with over 4,000 workers began building drone comb, independent of the other colony parameters. These results show that attaining a critical number of workers is the key parameter for honeybee colonies to start to shift resources towards reproduction. These findings are relevant to other social systems in which a group's members must adjust their behavior as a function of the group's size.

  19. SAFETY PERFORMANCE OF SUBCONTRACTORS IN THE PALESTINIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adnan Enshassi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Subcontractors perform most of the construction works and their effect on industry are apparent in different activities of construction. Therefore, subcontractors need more attention from government and contractors union. The aim of this paper is to identify, evaluate, and rank factors that influence safety performance of subcontractors in the Gaza Strip (Palestine according to their relative importance. The study concluded that reported accident rates will decrease among subcontractors and their workers if new workers are trained well in the work site and they are informed about dangerous places, and if a workable safety plan is well preplanned. The results also showed that reported accident rates increased among subcontractors when using old, unsafe equipment and due to the complexity or difficulty in the construction sites features. Owners and general contractors need to stipulate strict clauses for safety in the contract for improving safety record of subcontractors. Construction workers must receive proper job related safety and health training with a safety logbook. It is recommended that the subcontractors and workers should attend continuing safety programs on regular basis as part of their perquisite to work in construction sites.

  20. Evaluating Job Demands and Control Measures for Use in Farm Worker Health Surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alterman, Toni; Gabbard, Susan; Grzywacz, Joseph G; Shen, Rui; Li, Jia; Nakamoto, Jorge; Carroll, Daniel J; Muntaner, Carles

    2015-10-01

    Workplace stress likely plays a role in health disparities; however, applying standard measures to studies of immigrants requires thoughtful consideration. The goal of this study was to determine the appropriateness of two measures of occupational stressors ('decision latitude' and 'job demands') for use with mostly immigrant Latino farm workers. Cross-sectional data from a pilot module containing a four-item measure of decision latitude and a two-item measure of job demands were obtained from a subsample (N = 409) of farm workers participating in the National Agricultural Workers Survey. Responses to items for both constructs were clustered toward the low end of the structured response-set. Percentages of responses of 'very often' and 'always' for each of the items were examined by educational attainment, birth country, dominant language spoken, task, and crop. Cronbach's α, when stratified by subgroups of workers, for the decision latitude items were (0.65-0.90), but were less robust for the job demands items (0.25-0.72). The four-item decision latitude scale can be applied to occupational stress research with immigrant farm workers, and potentially other immigrant Latino worker groups. The short job demands scale requires further investigation and evaluation before suggesting widespread use. PMID:25138138

  1. Prevention program at construction worksites aimed at improving health and work ability is cost-saving to the employer: Results from an RCT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oude Hengel, K.M.; Bosmans, J.E.; Dongen, J.M. van; Bongers, P.M.; Beek, A.J. van der; Blatter, B.M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: To prolong sustainable healthy working lives of construction workers, a prevention program was developed which aimed to improve the health and work ability of construction workers. The objective of this study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness and financial return from the employers'

  2. Effectiveness of an intervention at construction worksites on work engagement, social support, physical workload, and need for recovery: Results from a cluster randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oude Hengel, K.M.; Blatter, B.M.; Joling, C.I.; Beek, A.J. van der; Bongers, P.M.

    2012-01-01

    Background: To prolong sustainable healthy working lives of construction workers, a worksite prevention program was developed which aimed to improve the health and work ability of construction workers. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effectiveness of this program on social suppor

  3. Emotional Exhaustion in Day-Care Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Løvgren, Mette

    2016-01-01

    Although childcare workers have the second-worst occupation for work-related health problems and the number of professional day-care centers is growing throughout Europe, few studies have examined these workers' emotional well-being. This study investigates the effect of position, competence, work role, role clarity, and work tasks on emotional…

  4. 48 CFR 836.577 - Workers' compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Workers' compensation. 836.577 Section 836.577 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS SPECIAL...' compensation. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 852.236-86, Workers' compensation,...

  5. Crisis Workers' Attributions for Domestic Violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Margaret E.

    Attributions affect coping with victimization. Battered women who blame their husbands' moods are less likely to leave than are women who blame their husbands' permanent characteristics for the violence. Abused women often have repeated contacts with crisis intervention workers and the attitudes of those workers may affect the attributions made by…

  6. Comment: Unemployment Theories and Disadvantaged Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickens, Al

    1975-01-01

    It is argued that policies tolerating higher levels of joblessness for workers generally, and for disadvantaged workers in particular, are based on tenuous job search rationales and inflation expectationist fears. The old weapons of fiscal and monetary stimulation to stabilize income and unemployment are required, together with new strategies to…

  7. Workers' Education in Palestine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elayassa, Wajih

    2013-01-01

    Due to the political context and the restrictions placed on general freedoms and trade union activities, workers' education in Palestine remained informal and largely reliant on oral memory until the early 1990s. For decades, it was an integral part of political education. Workers' education only became a stand-alone field after the…

  8. Local Exhaust Optimization and Worker Exposure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiselberg, Per; Pedersen, Morten; Plath, Thomas

    This paper describes a process of optimisation of exhaust efficiency and of minimisation of worker exposure at a semiautomatic printing machine at a printing office.......This paper describes a process of optimisation of exhaust efficiency and of minimisation of worker exposure at a semiautomatic printing machine at a printing office....

  9. TANF workers' responses to battered women and the impact of brief worker training: what survivors report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Daniel G; Holter, Mark C; Pahl, Lisa C; Tolman, Richard M; Kenna, Colleen E

    2005-02-01

    Battered women (n = 159) report on their experiences with their Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) case workers. Workers most often ask about physical harm, feelings of fear, and police involvement. They least often create a safety plan, give information about work exemptions, and ask whether the partner had a gun. Women's major reasons for not talking about abuse are that the worker did not ask and a fear of negative outcomes. Workers who attended 1-day training are more likely than untrained workers to discuss the women's fear and physical harm, to help develop a safety plan, and to be viewed as generally helpful. PMID:16043548

  10. Eryptosis in lead-exposed workers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguilar-Dorado, Itzel-Citlalli [Biochemistry Department, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados IPN, México, DF (Mexico); Hernández, Gerardo [Section of Methodology of Science, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados IPN, México, DF (Mexico); Quintanar-Escorza, Martha-Angelica [Faculty of Medicine, UJED, Durango, DGO (Mexico); Maldonado-Vega, María [CIATEC, León, GTO (Mexico); Rosas-Flores, Margarita [Biochemistry Department, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados IPN, México, DF (Mexico); Calderón-Salinas, José-Víctor, E-mail: jcalder@cinvestav.mx [Biochemistry Department, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados IPN, México, DF (Mexico)

    2014-12-01

    Eryptosis is a physiological phenomenon in which old and damaged erythrocytes are removed from circulation. Erythrocytes incubated with lead have exhibited major eryptosis. In the present work we found evidence of high levels of eryptosis in lead exposed workers possibly via oxidation. Blood samples were taken from 40 male workers exposed to lead (mean blood lead concentration 64.8 μg/dl) and non-exposed workers (4.2 μg/dl). The exposure to lead produced an intoxication characterized by 88.3% less δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (δALAD) activity in lead exposed workers with respect to non-lead exposed workers. An increment of oxidation in lead exposed workers was characterized by 2.4 times higher thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) concentration and 32.8% lower reduced/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio. Oxidative stress in erythrocytes of lead exposed workers is expressed in 192% higher free calcium concentration [Ca{sup 2+}]{sub i} and 1.6 times higher μ-calpain activity with respect to non-lead exposed workers. The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration was not significantly different between the two worker groups. No externalization of phosphatidylserine (PS) was found in non-lead exposed workers (< 0.1%), but lead exposed workers showed 2.82% externalization. Lead intoxication induces eryptosis possibly through a molecular pathway that includes oxidation, depletion of reduced glutathione (GSH), increment of [Ca{sup 2+}], μ-calpain activation and externalization of PS in erythrocytes. Identifying molecular signals that induce eryptosis in lead intoxication is necessary to understand its physiopathology and chronic complications. - Graphical abstract: Fig. 1. (A) Blood lead concentration (PbB) and (B) phosphatidylserine externalization on erythrocyte membranes of non-lead exposed (□) and lead exposed workers (■). Values are mean ± SD. *Significantly different (P < 0.001). - Highlights: • Erythrocytes of lead exposed workers

  11. Eryptosis in lead-exposed workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eryptosis is a physiological phenomenon in which old and damaged erythrocytes are removed from circulation. Erythrocytes incubated with lead have exhibited major eryptosis. In the present work we found evidence of high levels of eryptosis in lead exposed workers possibly via oxidation. Blood samples were taken from 40 male workers exposed to lead (mean blood lead concentration 64.8 μg/dl) and non-exposed workers (4.2 μg/dl). The exposure to lead produced an intoxication characterized by 88.3% less δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (δALAD) activity in lead exposed workers with respect to non-lead exposed workers. An increment of oxidation in lead exposed workers was characterized by 2.4 times higher thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) concentration and 32.8% lower reduced/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio. Oxidative stress in erythrocytes of lead exposed workers is expressed in 192% higher free calcium concentration [Ca2+]i and 1.6 times higher μ-calpain activity with respect to non-lead exposed workers. The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration was not significantly different between the two worker groups. No externalization of phosphatidylserine (PS) was found in non-lead exposed workers (< 0.1%), but lead exposed workers showed 2.82% externalization. Lead intoxication induces eryptosis possibly through a molecular pathway that includes oxidation, depletion of reduced glutathione (GSH), increment of [Ca2+], μ-calpain activation and externalization of PS in erythrocytes. Identifying molecular signals that induce eryptosis in lead intoxication is necessary to understand its physiopathology and chronic complications. - Graphical abstract: Fig. 1. (A) Blood lead concentration (PbB) and (B) phosphatidylserine externalization on erythrocyte membranes of non-lead exposed (□) and lead exposed workers (■). Values are mean ± SD. *Significantly different (P < 0.001). - Highlights: • Erythrocytes of lead exposed workers showed higher PS

  12. The Migration of Technical Workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2010-01-01

    Using panel data on the Danish population, we estimated the revealed preferences of scientists and engineers for the places in which they choose to work. Our results indicate that these technical workers exhibit substantial sensitivity to differences in wages but that they have even stronger...... preferences for living close to family and friends. The magnitude of these preferences, moreover, suggests that the greater geographic mobility of scientists and engineers, relative to the population as a whole, stems from more pronounced variation across regions in the wages that they can expect....... These results remain robust to estimation on a sample of individuals who must select new places of work for reasons unrelated to their preferences—those who had been employed at establishments that discontinued operations....

  13. Worker flag. Independent Electrical Policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work analyses the initiative of privatization of the Mexican Electric Industry and also it is showed the incoherence of this mistaken proposal. Along the same line is analysed tthe situation of the National Electric Sector and the working process for the distinct types of electric generation just as the syndical and labor situations. In consequence it is proposed an Independent Electrical Policy, which includes the integration of the Nationalized Electric Industry, the syndical union and the Unique Collective Contract. The purpose of this work is to contribute to the success of the electrical and nuclear struggle always maintaining in rising position the red flag of the proletariat. The author considers that the privatization means mercantilization of the human necessities. The privatization is not inevitable at condition of to exercise consequently the political actions necessary through alternatives includes: the worker control of production, research, and the National Electric strike. (Author)

  14. Anesthetic gases and occupationally exposed workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casale, Teodorico; Caciari, Tiziana; Rosati, Maria Valeria; Gioffrè, Pier Agostino; Schifano, Maria Pia; Capozzella, Assunta; Pimpinella, Benedetta; Tomei, Gianfranco; Tomei, Francesco

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to estimate whether the occupational exposure to low dose anesthetic gases could cause alterations of blood parameters in health care workers. 119 exposed subjects and 184 not exposed controls were included in the study. Each worker underwent the complete blood count test (CBC), proteinaemia, leukocyte count, serum lipids, liver and kidney blood markers. The liver blood markers show statistically significant differences in health care workers compared with controls (pGGT, total bilirubin, lymphocytes and neutrophils was statistically significant in health care workers compared with controls (p<0.05). The results suggest that occupational exposure to low dose anesthetic gases could influence some haematochemical hepatic and hematopoietic parameters in exposed health care workers. PMID:24374387

  15. Client Abuse to Public Welfare Workers:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strøbæk, Pernille Solveig; Korczynski, Marek

    2016-01-01

    market economy – in which worker are accorded power and resources, in which workers tend to frame the abuse as the outcome of a co-citizen caught in system failure, and in which workers demonstrate some resilience to abuse. Another expectation is that New Public Management reforms push the case to follow......We analyse a case study of workers’ experience of client abuse in a Danish public welfare organisation. We make an original contribution by putting forward two different theoretical expectations of the case. One expectation is that the case follows a pattern of customer abuse processes in a social...... patterns of customer abuse associated with a liberal market economy – in which the customer is treated as sovereign against the relatively powerless worker, and in which workers bear heavy emotional costs of abuse. Our findings show a greater match to the social processes of abuse within a social market...

  16. Older Workers in the European Community, Japan, and Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drury, Elizabeth; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Includes "Older Workers in the European Community: Pervasive Discrimination, Little Awareness" (Drury); "Aging Workers in Japan: From Reverence to Redundance" (Takada); and "Canada's Labor Market: Older Workers Need Not Apply" (David). (JOW)

  17. Problems of Quality of Migrant Workers and Countermeasures from the Perspective of Iceberg Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of Iceberg Model,we analyze levels and structures of quality of migrant workers from knowledge,skills,social role, self-cognition,traits and motives. On the basis of these situations,we put forward countermeasures: value rural education and enhance skill training; make clear occupational planning and set up correct sense of value; assist migrant workers in facing the reality and adjusting their state of mind in working; coordinate interest relationship and call upon social care; rebuild mental world and construct harmonious society.

  18. [Risk communication in analysis of occupational health risk for industrial workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barg, A O; Lebedeva-Nesevrya, N A

    2015-01-01

    The article covers problems of risk communication system function on industrial enterprise. Sociologic study in machinery construction enterprise of Perm area helped to consider main procedures of informing on occupational risk for health of workers exposed to occupational hazards, to describe features and mechanisms of risk communication, to specify its model. The authors proved that main obstacles for efficient system of occupational risks communication are insufficiently thorough legal basis, low corporative social responsibility of the enterprise and low social value of health for workers. This article was prepared with the support of the Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation (Project No. 14-16-59011). PMID:26596113

  19. Improving Delivery of Construction Projects in Ghana’s Cities: A Lean Construction Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Kwaku Salifu-Asubay

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry plays a vital role in the physical and socio-economic development of cities. However, poor execution and frequent breakdown of construction works such as roads and houses obstruct the overall development of cities since most social and economic activities depend of these projects. This paper sought to assess the extent to which lean construction principles are utilised in construction activities in Ghana’s cities and ways that these principles can be applied effectively to improve the delivery of construction works. The study concentrated in Accra, Kumasi and Sekondi-Takoradi cities whilst officials from the Metro Works Departments of the selected cities and various construction professionals constituted the target population. Questionnaire was the research instrument employed and Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient Test was used to analyse the results. It was revealed that various lean construction principles such as value, value stream, flow, pull and perfection are poorly implemented with each of these principles having less than 50 percent rate of application. Barriers such as long lead time, poor procurement system and contracts, cultural and human factors, political influence, and lack of financial and management commitment were found to be responsible for that. To successfully apply the lean construction principles and enhance the sustainability of construction projects, measures such as benchmarking, process mapping, last planner procedures and continuous training of workers in the construction industry have been recommended.

  20. The use of a task-based exposure assessment model (T-BEAM) for assessment of metal fume exposures during welding and thermal cutting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susi, P; Goldberg, M; Barnes, P; Stafford, E

    2000-01-01

    Elevated disease rates have been documented among construction workers for cancer, pneumonoconiosis, asbestosis, and silicosis. However, methodologies for exposure assessment in construction are not well described in the U.S. literature. Working through a cooperative agreement with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the Center to Protect Workers' Rights--a research arm of the Building and Construction Trades Department, AFL-CIO--has developed and used a "Task-Based Exposure Assessment Model (T-BEAM)" for construction. The characteristic elements of T-BEAM are: (1) an emphasis on the identification, implementation, and evaluation of engineering and work practice controls; and (2) use of experienced, specially trained construction workers (construction safety and health specialists) in the exposure assessment process. A task-based approach was used because tasks, or specialized skills, form the single greatest thread of continuity in the dynamic environment of construction. Workers in the construction industry come from several crafts and are typically employed by a large number of contractors throughout their career. Project types (e.g., residential or industrial rehabilitation) are also highly variable and present unique health risks. Finally, because construction involves building, renovating, or dismantling physical surroundings, the work site is constantly changing. Between 1995 and 1996, T-BEAM was applied to the collection of approximately 200 personal exposure measurements associated with "hot work tasks"--welding and thermal cutting. Data were collected with the assistance of specially trained, journeyman ironworkers, pipe fitters, and boilermakers on nine construction sites located throughout the United States. Portable local exhaust ventilation was provided to participating contractors with the intent of measuring its impact on exposure. Results indicate that data collected in a standardized, systematic fashion from multiple

  1. Construction Health and Safety: Effectiveness of Safety Incentive Programme

    OpenAIRE

    Zulkefli F.A.; Ulang N. Md.; Baharum F.

    2014-01-01

    Safety incentive programmes or awards have become a standard practice for most construction companies as an effort to improve their safety performance on worksites. Providing incentives in the construction industry is an action which aims to motivate contractors and workers to achieve the objectives set by a project’s management in order to improve overall performance on the project. This study was conducted to measure the effectiveness of such incentives and analyse the extent of involved pa...

  2. MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AMONG MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE WORKERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Mehrdad

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Waste collection is a necessary activity all around the world and the removal of municipal solid waste is a job associated with a variety of biological, chemical, mechanical, physical, and psychosocial hazards. In our country, like many developing countries, municipal solid waste is collected manually and collection of household waste is also a job which requires repeated heavy physical activity such as lifting, carrying, pulling, and pushing. We performed this study to evaluate musculoskeletal disorders among municipal solid waste workers. We designed a cross sectional study. Our survey instrument for measurement of musculoskeletal symptoms was adapted from the Standardized Nordic Questionnaire that translated into Farsi language. A total of 65% (n=142 of participants reported that they had been troubled with musculoskeletal symptoms in one or more of the 9 defined body regions during the last 12 months. Prevalence of symptoms in low back, knees, shoulders, upper back and neck were 45, 29, 24, 23 and 22% respectively. Foreign workers reported more musculoskeletal symptoms in all body parts than Iranian workers. The differences between prevalence of symptoms between two groups were significant in all parts of body except knees. The study found that solid waste workers have more musculoskeletal disorders than general population. Meanwhile these symptoms were more common among foreign workers. The risk of disease was increased with the increasing years of working as solid waste worker and smoking. We didn't find relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and education or marriage status of workers.

  3. ADAPTATION OF NEW WORKER IN THE COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekou K.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Adaptation of a new worker of the company will be considered in this article. For many companies adaption of a new worker to his or her new job does not have much value. But this is a big mistake that many managers are committing. In this article we will have some more effective ways of adaptation of new workers, and how this can be profitable financially to companies by making the new worker efficient in a short period of time. This would be a winning strategy for modern companies. I noticed that in Mali and almost all developing countries they do not even care about this fact. In public or private services the new comers are not welcomed by stuff and managers. And that is why the productivity is not high during the first two or three years of new colleagues in the company. This article can permit managers to understand the theoretical process of adaptation; also it will give them an exact program to follow. Induction of new worker is an essential part of motivation theory of Human resource management. And the first days are very important for the new workers in the company. So to avoid stress and minimize the risk of mistakes and accidents a good and understandable adaptation program is needed. This article is essential in understanding how to increase a new worker motivation in the company

  4. Respiratory risks in broiler production workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M do CB de Alencar

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available There are many situations that involve health risks to the Brazilian rural worker, and animal production is just one of them. Inhalation of organic dust, which has many microorganisms, leads in general to respiratory allergic reactions in some individuals, "asthma-like syndrome", and mucous membrane inflammation syndrome, that is a complex of nasal, eye, and throat complaints. Furthermore, workers might have farmer's hypersensitivity pneumonia, that is a respiratory health risk along the years. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential pulmonary health risks in poultry production workers in the region of Curitiba, PR, Brazil. Interviews using a pre-elaborated questionnaire with 40 questions were made with 37 broiler production workers, which were submitted to a pulmonary function test. Results of restrictive function with lower FEV1 (the maximum respiratory potential, the forced expiratory volume in the first second of exhalation and FVC (forced vital capacity represented 24.32% of the total of workers, and severe obstruction represented 2.70%. Other symptoms were found in 67.57% of the workers as well. The results showed that those who work more than 4 years and within more than one poultry house, exceeding 5 hours per day of work, presented higher pulmonary health risks. It is concluded that the activities within broiler houses may induce allergic respiratory reaction in workers. The use of IPE (individual protection equipment besides special attention to the air quality inside the housing may be advised in a preventive way.

  5. Immune Functions of the Garment Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LN Islam

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Occupational exposure to cotton dust, fibers, metal fumes and different chemicals used in the apparel manufacturing industries cause a wide range of physical and psychological health problems in the garment workers that may also affect their immune function.Objective: To assess the immune system function in garment workers.Methods: A total of 45 workers of a garment factory, and 41 control subjects, not exposed to the garment working environment were enrolled in this study. In the study subjects, the complement system function was assessed as bactericidal activity on Escherichia coli DH5α cells using the standard plate count method. Serum complement components C3 and C4 were measured by immunoprecipitation, and IgG was measured by immunonephelometry.Results: The bactericidal activity of serum complement in the garment workers (range: 93.5%–99.9% was significantly (p<0.01 lower than that in the controls (range: 98.6%–100%. The heat-inactivated serum of the workers showed a significantly enhanced bactericidal activity. In the garment workers, the mean levels of complement C3, and C4 were 1.75 and 0.26 g/L, respectively that were close to those of the controls. The mean IgG level in the garment workers was 13.5 g/L that was significantly (p<0.001 higher than that in the controls. Conclusion: Working in a garment factory may affect the immune system.

  6. The social construction of gendered migration from the Philippines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyner, J A

    1994-01-01

    "This article examines how the social construction of gender influences the migration of Filipina overseas workers and contributes to the increased vulnerability and exploitation of women migrants. In particular, direct and indirect socialization processes, as well as gendered and racial stereotypes, are manifest within the labor recruitment process, helping to channel women migrants into the domestic services and entertainment sectors...."

  7. Social Housing for Mine Workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Allen, Nacho Ruiz; Ruiz Esquiroz, Jose Antonio

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the project was to design and build state subsidized housing in Cerredo (Asturias), a mining town located in the very heart of the Cantabrian Mountains, where no residential construction had been made for over 25 years. The volumetric we propose has an angular shape. It is a geomet...

  8. Catalysts of worker-to-worker violence and incivility in hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamblin, Lydia E; Essenmacher, Lynnette; Upfal, Mark J; Russell, Jim; Luborsky, Mark; Ager, Joel; Arnetz, Judith E

    2016-01-01

    Aims and objectives To identify common catalysts of worker-to-worker violence and incivility in hospital settings. Background Worker-to-worker violence and incivility are prevalent forms of mistreatment in healthcare workplaces. These are forms of counterproductive work behaviour that can lead to negative outcomes for employees, patients and the organisation overall. Identifying the factors that lead to co-worker mistreatment is a critical first step in the development of interventions targeting these behaviours. Design Retrospective descriptive study. Methods Qualitative content analysis was conducted on the total sample (n = 141) of employee incident reports of worker-to-worker violence and incivility that were documented in 2011 at a large American hospital system. Results More than 50% of the incidents involved nurses, and the majority of incidents did not involve physical violence. Two primary themes emerged from the analysis: Work Behaviour and Work Organisation. Incidents in the Work Behaviour category were often sparked by unprofessional behaviour, disagreement over responsibilities for work tasks or methods of patient care, and dissatisfaction with a co-worker’s performance. Incidents in the Work Organisation category involved conflicts or aggression arising from failure to following protocol, patient assignments, limited resources and high workload. Conclusion Incidents of worker-to-worker violence and incivility stemmed from dissatisfaction with employee behaviour or from organisational practices or work constraints. These incident descriptions reflect worker dissatisfaction and frustration, resulting from poor communication and collaboration between employees, all of which threaten work productivity. PMID:25852041

  9. [Workplace accomodations for two workers with narcolepsy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vico Garcerán, Belén; Monzó Salas, Monserrat; Cuenca Esteve, Francisco; Luis Domingo, José

    2013-01-01

    We describe the case of two workers evaluated in our occupational health unit. The first worker was a kitchen aide; the second was a primary care physician. Both had been diagnosed with narcolepsy and had obvious disability.We assessed occupational hazards related to their jobs, analysed their tasks, and performed medical examinations. Afterwards, we offered recommendations to the patients, consisting of avoidance of situations involving a risk of work accidents and improving their sleep habits. Narcolepsy is a rare disorder, but it has important social and occupational consequences. A better understanding of the disease and some work accommodations can help improve the quality of life of affected workers. PMID:23700708

  10. Demotivating factors influencing rubber production workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Motivation is one of the most important factors influencing workers' productivity. An increase in workers' motivation could add more value to organizations' structure and influence the profitability, significantly. In this paper, we study different factors on demotivating workers using questionnaire consist of various questions. The questionnaire is distributed among some employees who work for rubber production units located in Esfahan, Iran. The results of this survey indicate that discrimination on annual job compensation, entrusting responsibilities and unpleasant relationship with family partner are some of the most important factors influencing employees' motivation. While financial factors play important role on increasing employees' motivation, non-financial factors are considered more important.

  11. Asthma and other symptoms in cinnamon workers.

    OpenAIRE

    Uragoda, C G

    1984-01-01

    Cinnamon, which is the bark of the Cinnamomum zeylanicum tree, contains cinnamic aldehyde, which is an irritant. Workers processing cinnamon before export are exposed to much cinnamon dust. Forty such workers with an average of four years' service in the industry were examined. Thirty five workers (87.5%) had symptoms, nine having had asthma (22.5%). Other symptoms, probably related to the irritant nature of cinnamon dust, were irritation of skin (50%), loss of hair (37.5%), and smarting of e...

  12. Labor productivity in heavy construction: impact on synfuels program employment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kusterer, K.C.

    1980-06-01

    This study focuses on variations in labor productivity in the heavy construction industry. Productivity is one of a number of factors likely to affect the speed and cost of constructing a synthetic fuels plant. The findings of this study are presented with reference to synthetic fuels plants, but they are relevant to other large energy facilities as well. The data were gathered through a detailed literature search and extensive in-depth interviews with consultants in heavy industrial construction, union officials, and management. In this manner the most important determinants of labor productivity were identified and ranked in terms of relative significance. The type of project under construction is the most important factor affecting the productivity of heavy construction labor. Projects characterized by the utility work syndrome are large, complex, relatively unique, highly regulated, and have cost-plus contracts and tight deadlines. Such projects generally have lower-than-average levels of labor productivity. Labor productivity is also lowered by worker and management morale problems, due to delays and design changes, and by high levels of unemployment among construction workers. Finally, boom town conditions, caused by workers moving to live near large projects located in rural areas, also are likely to result in below-average labor productivity.Synthetic fuels plants are likely to have a number of these identified characteristics. Consequently, the findings suggest that labor productivity may well be a problem for the timely development of an economically competitive synthetic fuels industry.

  13. Immigrant workers in the United States: recent trends, vulnerable populations, and challenges for occupational health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCauley, Linda A

    2005-07-01

    Immigrant workers are a rapidly growing segment of the U.S. work force, and these increasing numbers have resulted in a different ethnic mix in the work force than in previous decades. Immigrant workers are not a homogenous group, but are over-represented in low-paying occupations. Their diversity and vulnerability present distinct challenges for occupational health nurses. High-risk occupations in which a large proportion of immigrant workers are hired include agriculture, sweatshops, day laborers, and construction. Initiatives needed to improve the working conditions of this vulnerable population include improved surveillance and research, culturally competent care providers, improved health care access, advocacy, and changes in immigration and health policy. PMID:16097105

  14. Trends and Reliance on Foreign Labourers in Malaysia: Conventional Construction versus Industrialized Building System Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mydin M.A.O

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There has been an influx of foreign labourers in Malaysia over the past decade due to sustained economic growth and a limited labour market. As a long term measure to ensure sustainable growth as well as to minimize socio-economic implications, a medium to longer-term policy on foreign workers will be devised with the goal of reducing overdependence on foreign workers while attracting more skilled and trained professionals. In order to reduce the number of foreign workers, the government has encouraged the implementation of an IBS. An Industrialized Building System (IBS is a construction system in which the components are manufactured in a factory, on or off site, positioned, and assembled into complete structures with minimal additional site work. This research has been carried out to discover trends, whether decreasing or increasing, in the employment of foreign labour in the Malaysian construction industry with reference to the Immigration Department of Malaysia. Additionally, interviews with construction labourers at IBS sites and conventional sites were carried out to identify the number of foreign labourers that are used in such projects.

  15. A CONCEPTUAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION FRAMEWORK FOR HEALTH AND SAFETY HAZARDS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir S. GOHARDANI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The health and safety hazard status of construction workers is constantly challenged by the projects in the built environment. In this article, various aspects of health and safety hazards for construction workers have been reviewed and investigated through a disaster risk reduction prism. This approach has further led to the perception of glancing at the construction sector as an ongoing disaster zone and equally provides a new management perspective. From this perspective, the occurrence of a disaster within the construction sector corresponds to the temporary or permanent ill-health or death of a construction worker. Geographical location is one of the factors that play an important role in addressing the health and safety hazards for construction workers. In addition to the location, geographical considerations equally encapsulate regional, cultural, governmental and work ethical effects. These effects may potentially contribute to disparities in the construction sector. With an increasing level of understanding for health and safety hazards in the construction domain, more efficient prevention measures can be taken in order to enable a disaster management cycle, capable of responding to the rigorous demands of the construction sector.

  16. Educating Brazilian workers about AIDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    This article contains a the script for a slide-tape presentation entitled Working Against AIDS, a presentation developed by the Brazil Family Planning Association (BEMFAM) which is designed to debunk common misconceptions about the disease. This audio-visual, which targets Brazilian workers, can be used during talks, seminars, and meetings. A discussion of the issues involved usually follows the presentation of Working Against AIDS. The presentation contains 30 illustrated slides (these are included in the article). The presentation begins by explaining that much of the information concerning AIDS is prejudicial and misleading. The next few slides point out some of the common misconceptions about AIDS, such as claims denying the existence of the disease, or suggestions that only homosexuals and prostitutes are at risk. The presentation then goes on to explain the ways in which the virus can and cannot be transmitted. Then it discusses how the virus destroys the body's natural defenses and explains the ensuing symptoms. Slides 14 and 15 point out that no cure yet exists for AIDS, making prevention essential. Slides 16-23 explain what actions are considered to be high risk and which ones do not entail risk. Noting that AIDS can be prevented, slide 24 says that the disease should not present an obstacle to spontaneous manifestations of human relations. The next slide explains that condoms should always be used when having sex with someone who could be infected with AIDS. Finally slides 26-30 demonstrate the proper way to use and dispose of a condom.

  17. An Exploration of the Relationships between Language, Culture, Safety, and Training in the Construction Workforce in New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amezcua, Luis G.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of safety training is to avoid or at least decrease the number of work-related accidents and deaths. This study was concerned with the role that native language plays in effective training of adult construction workers in New Mexico. Specifically, this study examined workers' and trainers' perceptions of the effectiveness of safety…

  18. Functions of Popular Science Literature in New Rural Construction and Social Responsibility of Publishing Workers%科普读物在新农村建设中的作用与出版工作者的社会职责

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗蕾

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzed the functions and development opportunity of the popular science literature in the process of building the new socialist countryside, expatiated the demand actuality of the rural popular science reading matter. It also put forward that the publishing Workers should begin with the popularization of the science spirit, new technology, new knowledge, new life style and management means to appear their social responsibility better and to satisfy the various reading demands of the rural readers.%本文分析了科普读物在建设社会主义新农村中的作用和发展机遇,以及农村科普读物需求的现状;提出出版工作者应从科学精神、新技术、新知识和新生活方式、经营手段的普及等方面出发,更好地体现出版工作者的社会职责,满足农村读者多元化的阅读需求.

  19. The dismissal of injured workers and workers' compensation arrangements in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purse, K

    2000-01-01

    In Australia, as in Canada and to a lesser extent the United States, the vocational rehabilitation of injured workers is an integral part of workers' compensation arrangements. An essential feature of the return-to-work process is the provision of suitable employment by employers for workers able to resume work following a work-related injury. This article highlights the importance of employment security measures within workers' compensation legislation for injured workers and of scheme management. The author examines the major approaches adopted by the various Australian jurisdictions, critically reviews the issue of compliance with employment security legislation, and suggests a number of proposals for reform. Given the number of similarities between Australian and North American workers' compensation schemes, policy lessons drawn from the Australian experiences may be relevant to the labor movement and legislators in Canada and the United States. PMID:11127027

  20. Difficulties and Countermeasures in the Citizenship of Migrant Workers from the Perspective of Further Education%继续教育视角下农民工城镇融入的困境与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建政; 武艳艳; 翟玉建

    2012-01-01

    The paper expounded the difficulties in the citizenship of migrant workers and the insufficient further education training for migrant workers, then proposed to construct the further education model of migrant workers.%阐述了农民工城镇融入的困境以及我国农民工继续教育培训不足的现状,提出了进城农民工继续教育模式的构建.

  1. [Respiratory diseases in metallurgy production workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shliapnikov, D M; Vlasova, E M; Ponomareva, T A

    2012-01-01

    The authors identified features of respiratory diseases in workers of various metallurgy workshops. Cause-effect relationships are defined between occupational risk factors and respiratory diseases, with determining the affection level.

  2. Increased leukemia risk in Chernobyl cleanup workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    A new study found a significantly elevated risk for chronic lymphocytic leukemia among workers who were engaged in recovery and clean-up activities following the Chernobyl power plant accident in 1986.

  3. Continuing study of mortality in Hanford workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mortality of workers at the Hanford Plant in southeastern Washington who have been exposed to penetrating external ionizing radiation is studied. Deaths are analyzed statistically and compared to standardized mortality ratios. Cancer deaths in particular are examined

  4. Job Enrichment and the Mentally Retarded Worker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Jerry L.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    The effect of job enrichment on the production rate of 14 mentally retarded adult workers was evaluated. Job enrichment led to increases in standard rates of production for high IQ Ss and lower rates for low IQ Ss. (Author)

  5. Problems of Younger Workers in the USSR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotlyar, Alexander

    1974-01-01

    Young workers, persons from sixteen to thirty years old, have problems relating to occupational choice, vocational guidance, vocational training and other educational opportunities, job satisfaction, and housing, complicating their search for an occupational and social identity. (AG)

  6. The added worker effect and the discouraged worker effect for married women in Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Gong, Xiaodong

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates both the added worker effect (the labour supply responses of women to their partners' job losses) and the discouraged worker effect (workers withdrawing from the labour market because of failed searches) for married women in Australia, with the emphasis on the former. We focus on the partners’ involuntary job loss experiences, and analyse women's labour market activities in the periods before and after their partners’ job loss. By estimating fixed effects labour supply...

  7. What Japanese Workers Want: Evidence from the Japanese Worker Representation and Participation Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Hiroyuki Chuma; Takao Kato; Isao Ohashi

    2004-01-01

    Using a unique new survey, the Japanese Worker Representation and Participation Survey (JWRPS), this paper presents the first evidence on the representation/participation gaps among Japanese workers and its links to the degree of their discontent with work and the efficacy of celebrated participatory employment practices. We find that: (i) contrary to the popular rhetoric of the end of "participatory Japanese management", Japanese workers still desire more involvement and greater voice in fir...

  8. Older Workers in Changing Social Policy Patterns

    OpenAIRE

    Nathalie Burnay

    2009-01-01

    Compared to other European countries, the employment rate of older workers in Belgium is rather low. This paper argues that one of the most relevant factors underlying the problems of this low employment rate in Belgium is the social policies directed at older workers. Indeed, when unemployment became a widespread phenomenon in the1970s and 80s, early-retirement schemes were designed to alleviate the financial implications on an aging workforce. The government encouraged anyone over 50 to ...

  9. Respiratory Health among Cement Workers in Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Zeleke, Zeyede K.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Little is known on dust exposure and respiratory health among cement cleaners. There are only a few follow-up studies on respiratory health among cement factory workers and also studies on acute effects of cement dust exposure are limited in numbers. Objective: This study aimed at assessing cement dust exposure and adverse respiratory health effects among Ethiopian cement production workers, with particular focus on cement cleaners. Method: The first paper was...

  10. Soft And Hard Skills of Social Worker

    OpenAIRE

    HANTOVÁ, Libuše

    2011-01-01

    The work deals with soft and hard skills relevant to the profession of social worker. The theoretical part at first evaluates and analyzes important soft and hard skills necessary for people working in the field of social work. Then these skills are compared. The practical part illustrates the use of soft and hard skills in practice by means of model scenes and deals with the preferences in three groups of people ? students of social work, social workers and people outside the sphere, namely ...

  11. Managing workers' compensation exposures in healthcare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, L

    1998-01-01

    Employees in healthcare are exposed to numerous and varied risks that pose the threat of injury. Management of those exposures by the organization will ultimately help create a safe environment for staff, patients and the public. Incorporating workers' compensation into the risk management program is the first step toward managing and reducing these exposures. This article presents a suggested outline for a written risk management plan for workers' compensation exposures. PMID:10182134

  12. Chapter 4. Employer-worker relationsh

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarez Tinajero, Sandra Paola

    2014-01-01

    The employment relationships of foreign farm and care workers in Ragusa are complex and asymmetrical. Such relations depend on the definition and continuous negotiation of the respective social positions, and boundaries between employers and workers, along the lines of class, ethnicity, nationality, and gender. Although employment relationships involve a commercial transaction (the exchange of labor against wages), the human dimension of such transaction renders more complex the negotiation o...

  13. All Urban Workers to Enjoy Medicare

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Tibet started to reform its medical insurance system in 1999. Beginning in 2001, workers in Lhasa were given basic medical insurance on a trial basis. Whether workers in other parts of Tibet will enjoy the same system in the near future? With this in mind, reporters with Tibet Business News interviewed Qi Weiguo, Deputy Director of the Labor and Social Securities Commission of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

  14. Work ability in vibration-exposed workers

    OpenAIRE

    Gerhardsson, L; Hagberg, M

    2014-01-01

    Background Hand–arm vibration exposure may cause hand–arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) including sensorineural disturbances. Aims To investigate which factors had the strongest impact on work ability in vibration-exposed workers. Methods A cross-sectional study in which vibration-exposed workers referred to a department of occupational and environmental medicine were compared with a randomized sample of unexposed subjects from the general population of the city of Gothenburg. All participants un...

  15. Health screening of migrant workers- serological investigations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper review the serological investigations for parasitic infection among migrant workers. The tests were performed on serum samples for parasitic infection. The serum samples were found to be positive for antibody for Ameobiasis [28%], Malaria [27 percentage], Echonococcus [18 percentage] and Schistosomiasis [12 percentage]. Female samples were positive for Ameobiasis [39 percentage], and Filariasis [W.b] 33.3 percentage. Foreign workers from Bangladesh showed the highest percentage on seropositive for most parasitic diseases. (author)

  16. The World's Workers Need Solidarity, not Sanctions

    OpenAIRE

    Nicola Bullard

    2000-01-01

    Nicola Bullard argues that organized labour's call for the inclusion of core labour rights in World Trade Organization (WTO) rules will not benefit the vast majority of the world's workers. First, they do not address the reality of labour markets in the South and second, they give legitimacy to a trade regime which, at every other turn, works against the interests of all workers. Development (2000) 43, 31–35. doi:10.1057/palgrave.development.1110144

  17. Young workers' experiences of abusive leadership

    OpenAIRE

    Starratt, Alison; Grandy, Gina

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a model of abusive leadership as experienced by young workers. Abusive leadership is understood to be subjective and as such this research seeks to explore the experience of abusive leadership through a qualitative approach. Design/methodology/approach – Drawing on interviews with 30 young workers who identified themselves as having a “bad” boss, this study employs a constructivist grounded theory approach in order to identify behaviours, mode...

  18. Drag reduction effects facilitated by microridges inside the mouthparts of honeybee workers and drones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chu-Chu; Wu, Jia-Ning; Yang, Yun-Qiang; Zhu, Ren-Gao; Yan, Shao-Ze

    2016-01-21

    The mouthpart of a honeybee is a natural well-designed micropump that uses a reciprocating glossa through a temporary tube comprising a pair of galeae and labial palpi for loading nectar. The shapes and sizes of mouthparts differ among castes of honeybees, but the diversities of the functional microstructures inside the mouthparts of honeybee workers and drones remain poorly understood. Through scanning electron microscopy, we found the dimensional difference of uniformly distributed microridges on the inner galeae walls of Apis mellifera ligustica workers and drones. Subsequently, we recorded the feeding process of live honeybees by using a specially designed high-speed camera system. Considering the microridges and kinematics of the glossa, we constructed a hydrodynamic model to calculate the friction coefficient of the mouthpart. In addition, we test the drag reduction through the dimensional variations of the microridges on the inner walls of mouthparts. Theoretical estimations of the friction coefficient with respect to dipping frequency show that inner microridges can reduce friction during the feeding process of honeybees. The effects of drag reduction regulated by specific microridges were then compared. The friction coefficients of the workers and drones were found to be 0.011±0.007 (mean±s.d.) and 0.045±0.010, respectively. These results indicate that the mouthparts of workers are more capable of drag reduction compared with those of drones. The difference was analyzed by comparing the foraging behavior of the workers and drones. Workers are equipped with well-developed hypopharyngeal, and their dipping frequency is higher than that of drones. Our research establishes a critical link between microridge dimensions and drag reduction capability during the nectar feeding of honeybees. Our results reveal that microridges inside the mouthparts of honeybee workers and drones reflect the caste-related life cycles of honeybees.

  19. Drag reduction effects facilitated by microridges inside the mouthparts of honeybee workers and drones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chu-Chu; Wu, Jia-Ning; Yang, Yun-Qiang; Zhu, Ren-Gao; Yan, Shao-Ze

    2016-01-21

    The mouthpart of a honeybee is a natural well-designed micropump that uses a reciprocating glossa through a temporary tube comprising a pair of galeae and labial palpi for loading nectar. The shapes and sizes of mouthparts differ among castes of honeybees, but the diversities of the functional microstructures inside the mouthparts of honeybee workers and drones remain poorly understood. Through scanning electron microscopy, we found the dimensional difference of uniformly distributed microridges on the inner galeae walls of Apis mellifera ligustica workers and drones. Subsequently, we recorded the feeding process of live honeybees by using a specially designed high-speed camera system. Considering the microridges and kinematics of the glossa, we constructed a hydrodynamic model to calculate the friction coefficient of the mouthpart. In addition, we test the drag reduction through the dimensional variations of the microridges on the inner walls of mouthparts. Theoretical estimations of the friction coefficient with respect to dipping frequency show that inner microridges can reduce friction during the feeding process of honeybees. The effects of drag reduction regulated by specific microridges were then compared. The friction coefficients of the workers and drones were found to be 0.011±0.007 (mean±s.d.) and 0.045±0.010, respectively. These results indicate that the mouthparts of workers are more capable of drag reduction compared with those of drones. The difference was analyzed by comparing the foraging behavior of the workers and drones. Workers are equipped with well-developed hypopharyngeal, and their dipping frequency is higher than that of drones. Our research establishes a critical link between microridge dimensions and drag reduction capability during the nectar feeding of honeybees. Our results reveal that microridges inside the mouthparts of honeybee workers and drones reflect the caste-related life cycles of honeybees. PMID:26542139

  20. Overview of Researches on Social Capital,Human Capital and Social Integration of New Generation Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenjing; LUAN; Honghong; LU; Yulin; TONG; Danna; LU

    2013-01-01

    With urbanization and socio-economic development,new generation migrant workers play an increasingly important role in urban construction. However,for a long time,their social integration situation in inflow places is not ideal. Academic circle has done a lot of researches,but no effective strategy is so far put forward. Through analysis of domestic and foreign researches,it is found that social capital and human capital have an important influence on social integration of new generation migrant workers. This paper takes this as starting point,combines characteristics of new generation migrant workers,and overviews theories and empirical researches of domestic and foreign famous scholars,to explore the relationship between social capital and human capital and social integration of new generation migrant workers.