WorldWideScience

Sample records for bohrium 266

  1. From bohrium to copernicium and beyond SHE research at SHIP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Münzenberg, G.

    2015-12-01

    Heavy-element research with SHIP at GSI is reviewed including the discovery of the chemical elements bohrium to copernicium, experimental developments, cold fusion of heavy ions, and the discovery of a shell region around hassium. Elements bohrium and heavier are located beyond the limit of liquid-drop stability. They exist by shell stabilization. A universal, sensitive, and fast method: in-flight separation and identification of single atomic nuclei has been developed with the velocity filter SHIP and the detector system to measure decay sequences of individual atoms. Research with single atomic nuclei including detection methods, identification, and physics results will be discussed. Experiments with actinide targets as well as prospects with NUSTAR at FAIR will be addressed.

  2. 32 CFR 266.5 - Responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Responsibilities. 266.5 Section 266.5 National... § 266.5 Responsibilities. (a) The Inspector General of the Department of Defense shall: (1) Serve as the... other nonprofit institutions for which the Department of Defense has assumed oversight...

  3. 12 CFR 266.5 - Criminal penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 266.5 Section 266.5 Banks... LIMITATIONS ON ACTIVITIES OF FORMER MEMBERS AND EMPLOYEES OF THE BOARD § 266.5 Criminal penalties. Any former....3 may be subject to criminal penalties for violation of section 207 of the United States...

  4. 49 CFR 266.11 - Allowable costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allowable costs. 266.11 Section 266.11... TRANSPORTATION ACT § 266.11 Allowable costs. Allowable costs include only the following costs which are properly allocable to the work performed: Planning and program operation costs which are allowed under...

  5. Dicty_cDB: SLA266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SL (Link to library) SLA266 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16382-1 SLA266Z (Link... to Original site) - - SLA266Z 742 - - - - Show SLA266 Library SL (Link to library) Clone ID SLA266 (Link to...ycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SL/SLA2-C/SLA266Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SLA26...6Z (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SLA266 (SLA266Q) /CSM/SL/SLA2-C/SLA266Q.Seq.d/ XXXXX...TGTCCACAGAAAATGTTTCTAAAC AATTAATAAATATGTTGTATTTTATTTAAAAA sequence update 1997. 6. 5 Translated Amino Acid s

  6. 21 CFR 26.6 - Equivalence assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS... Specific Sector Provisions for Pharmaceutical Good Manufacturing Practices § 26.6 Equivalence...

  7. 40 CFR 266.100 - Applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... refining furnaces (including pyrometallurgical devices such as cupolas, sintering machines, roasters, and... smelting, melting, and refining furnaces (including pyrometallurgical devices such as cupolas, sintering... FACILITIES Hazardous Waste Burned in Boilers and Industrial Furnaces § 266.100 Applicability. (a)...

  8. Hypersensitisation using 266nm Laser Light

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Henrik Rokkjær; Canning, John; Kristensen, Martin

    UV-hypersensitisation using 266nm VW-light on hydrogenated Ge-doped fibre is reported. The optimum fluence to be between 5 to 10 kJ/cm2, coinciding with results obtained using 355nm light, indicating same end-process in both reactions.......UV-hypersensitisation using 266nm VW-light on hydrogenated Ge-doped fibre is reported. The optimum fluence to be between 5 to 10 kJ/cm2, coinciding with results obtained using 355nm light, indicating same end-process in both reactions....

  9. Properties of an $\\alpha$ particle in a Bohrium $270$ Nucleus under the Generalized Symmetric Woods-Saxon Potential

    CERN Document Server

    Lütfüoğlu, B C

    2016-01-01

    The energy eigenvalues and the wave functions of an $\\alpha$ particle in a Bohrium $270$ nucleus were calculated by solving Schr\\"odinger equation for Generalized Symmetric Woods-Saxon potential. Using the energy spectrum by excluding and including the quasi-bound eigenvalues, entropy, internal energy, Helmholtz energy, and specific heat, as functions of reduced temperature were calculated. Stability and emission characteristics are interpreted in terms of the wave and thermodynamic functions. The kinetic energy of a decayed $\\alpha$ particle was calculated using the quasi-bound states, which is found close to the experimental value.

  10. 27 CFR 26.266 - Tax payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... by customs regulations. (19 CFR Ch. I) ... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS LIQUORS AND ARTICLES FROM PUERTO RICO AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS Procedure at Port of Entry From the Virgin Islands § 26.266 Tax payment. The internal revenue tax on liquors...

  11. Laser hypersensitisation using 266nm light

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Henrik Rokkjær; Canning, J.; Kristensen, Martin

    2005-01-01

    UV hypersensitisation using CW 266 nm light on hydrogenated Ge-doped fibre is reported. The optimum sensitisation fluence is found to be in the range of 5 to 10 kJ/cm2, coinciding with previous results obtained using 355 nm light, indicating the same end-process used in the photochemical reaction...

  12. 38 CFR 17.266 - Copyrights and patents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Copyrights and patents. 17.266 Section 17.266 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Grants for Exchange of Information § 17.266 Copyrights and patents. If a grant-supported program...

  13. 49 CFR 266.23 - Record, audit, and examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for the purpose of audit and examination to any books, documents, papers, and records which in the... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Record, audit, and examination. 266.23 Section 266... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ACT § 266.23 Record, audit, and examination. (a) Retention and...

  14. Dicty_cDB: SFC266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ore E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value SFC266 (SFC266Q) /...nificant alignments: (bits) Value N AC115592 |AC115592.2 Dictyostelium discoideum...uences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value A23559( A23559 )dihydroorot

  15. 40 CFR 266.70 - Applicability and requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Applicability and requirements. 266.70 Section 266.70 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES... to or imported from designated OECD member countries for recovery, subpart H of part 262 and §...

  16. 40 CFR 266.202 - Definition of solid waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... disposal as defined in 40 CFR 261.2(c)(1), or burning for energy recovery as defined in 40 CFR 261.2(c)(2... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definition of solid waste. 266.202 Section 266.202 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID...

  17. 40 CFR 266.345 - Whom must you notify?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ship the exempted waste after you have received the return receipt of your notice to the LLRWDF. This... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Whom must you notify? 266.345 Section.... Notification § 266.345 Whom must you notify? (a) You must provide a one time notice to us stating that you...

  18. 40 CFR 266.103 - Interim status standards for burners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... during interim status to industrial furnaces (e.g., kilns, cupolas) that feed hazardous waste for a... HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Hazardous Waste Burned in Boilers and Industrial Furnaces § 266.103... and industrial furnaces that burn hazardous waste where such standards define the...

  19. 24 CFR 266.400 - Property requirements-real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Property requirements-real estate... Mortgage and Closing Requirements; HUD Endorsement § 266.400 Property requirements—real estate. The mortgage must be on real estate held: (a) In fee simple; (b) Under a renewable lease of not less than...

  20. 40 CFR 266.104 - Standards to control organic emissions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Hazardous Waste Burned in Boilers and Industrial Furnaces § 266.104...) of this section, a boiler or industrial furnace burning hazardous waste must achieve a destruction... be toxic or organic compounds. (3) Dioxin-listed waste. A boiler or industrial furnace...

  1. 24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency... AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100 Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). (a)...

  2. 40 CFR 266.101 - Management prior to burning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... treatment facilities. (1) Owners and operators of facilities that store or treat hazardous waste that is... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Hazardous Waste Burned in Boilers and Industrial Furnaces § 266.101 Management prior...

  3. 24 CFR 266.604 - Mortgage insurance premium: Other requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgage insurance premium: Other... Contract Rights and Obligations Mortgage Insurance Premiums § 266.604 Mortgage insurance premium: Other requirements. (a) Premium calculations on or after first principal payment. The premiums payable to...

  4. 24 CFR 266.602 - Mortgage insurance premium: Insured advances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgage insurance premium: Insured... Contract Rights and Obligations Mortgage Insurance Premiums § 266.602 Mortgage insurance premium: Insured advances. (a) Initial premium. For projects involving insured advances, on the date of the initial...

  5. [Effects of decitabine on biological behavior of U266 cells].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mei-Fang; Yang, Lin-Hua; Dong, Chun-Xia; Zhang, Rui-Juan; Zhang, Jian-Hua; Guo, Zhi-Ping; Chen, Jian-Fang; Zhagn, Li; Feng, Da-Wei

    2011-08-01

    This study was aimed to explore the effects of decitabine on the biological behaviour of U266 cells in vitro so as to provide a new thinking and experiment basis, as well as new evidences for the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma. MTT and colony formation assays were used to evaluate the impact of decitabine on the ability of proliferation of U266 cells; flow cytometry was used to analyze the cell distribution in cell cycle; transwell chamber and matrigel assays were used to observe the ability of migration and invasion. The results indicated that decitabine could significantly suppress the proliferation of U266 cells in time-and dose-dependent manners. The flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that the cells in G(0)-G(1) phase significantly increased while the cells in S and G(2)/M phase decreased. The migration and matrigel invading tests showed that the number of cells moving into under chamber of transwell decreased after U266 cells treated with decitabine. It is concluded that decitabine may act as an effective drug for MM by inhibiting the proliferation, migration and invasion ability, and the specific mechanism needs to be deeply explored.

  6. A compact efficient deep ultraviolet laser at 266 nm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, S. Y.; Wang, X. L.; Wei, Y.; Chen, W. D.; Zhuang, F. J.; Xu, S.; Li, B. X.; Fu, J. J.; Chen, Z. Q.; Wang, H. W.; Huang, C. H.; Zhang, G.

    2013-04-01

    We present a highly efficient and cost-effective watt-level deep-ultraviolet laser operating at 266 nm. Type-I phase-matching LBO crystals and type-I phase-matching BBO crystals were used for frequency doubling and fourth-harmonic generation, respectively. The highest 1.82 W average power of the 266 nm laser was obtained from nonlinear frequency conversion at a repetition rate of 30 kHz and a pump power of 18.8 W. The conversion efficiency from the diode to the deep-ultraviolet laser scales up to 10.7%. This is, to our knowledge, the highest efficiency ever reported generated from a laser diode single-end-pumped acousto-optic Q-switched system.

  7. Photoionization of Nitromethane at 355nm and 266nm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, Denhi; Betancourt, Francisco; Poveda, Juan Carlos; Guerrero, Alfonso; Cisneros, Carmen; Álvarez, Ignacio

    2014-05-01

    Nitromethane is one of the high-yield clean liquid fuels, i.e., thanks to the oxygen contained in nitromethane, much less atmospheric oxygen is burned compared to hydrocarbons such as gasoline, making the nitromethane an important prototypical energetic material, the understanding of its chemistry is relevant in other fields such as atmospheric chemistry or biochemistry. In this work we present the study of photoionization dynamics by multiphoton absorption with 355 nm and 266 nm wavelength photons, using time of flight spectrometry in reflectron mode (R-TOF). Some of the observed ion products appear for both wavelength and other only in one of them; both results were compared with preview observations and new ions were detected. This work is supported by CONACYT grant 165410 and DGAPA-UNAM grants IN-107-912 and IN-102-613.

  8. Visual Circular Analysis of 266 Years of Sunspot Counts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buelens, Bart

    2016-06-01

    Sunspots, colder areas that are visible as dark spots on the surface of the Sun, have been observed for centuries. Their number varies with a period of ∼11 years, a phenomenon closely related to the solar activity cycle. Recently, observation records dating back to 1749 have been reassessed, resulting in the release of a time series of sunspot numbers covering 266 years of observations. This series is analyzed using circular analysis to determine the periodicity of the occurrence of solar maxima. The circular analysis is combined with spiral graphs to provide a single visualization, simultaneously showing the periodicity of the series, the degree to which individual cycle lengths deviate from the average period, and differences in levels reached during the different maxima. This type of visualization of cyclic time series with varying cycle lengths in which significant events occur periodically is broadly applicable. It is aimed particularly at science communication, education, and public outreach. PMID:27441713

  9. 24 CFR 266.600 - Mortgage insurance premium: Insurance upon completion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgage insurance premium: Insurance upon completion. 266.600 Section 266.600 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER...

  10. 10 CFR 431.266 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.266 Section 431.266 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves Energy Conservation...

  11. 24 CFR 266.608 - Mortgage insurance premium: Pro rata refund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... rata refund. 266.608 Section 266.608 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and... premium: Pro rata refund. If the Contract of Insurance is terminated by payment in full or is terminated... account. In computing the pro rata portion of the annual mortgage insurance premium, the date...

  12. 20 CFR 266.6 - Information to be submitted by a representative payee-applicant; face-to-face interview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... representative payee-applicant; face-to-face interview. 266.6 Section 266.6 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD... be submitted by a representative payee-applicant; face-to-face interview. Before the Board selects a... listed in § 266.4 of this part. An employee of the Board may also conduct a face-to-face interview...

  13. 20 CFR 1002.266 - What are the obligations of a multiemployer pension benefit plan under USERRA?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... pension benefit plan under USERRA? 1002.266 Section 1002.266 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT... SERVICES EMPLOYMENT AND REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS ACT OF 1994 Reemployment Rights and Benefits Pension Plan Benefits § 1002.266 What are the obligations of a multiemployer pension benefit plan under USERRA?...

  14. Sum frequency generation of UV laser radiation at 266  nm in LBO crystal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikitin, D G; Byalkovskiy, O A; Vershinin, O I; Puyu, P V; Tyrtyshnyy, V A

    2016-04-01

    We report experimental results of generation at 266 nm in LBO crystal by frequency mixing of the fundamental (1064 nm) and third harmonic (355 nm) of ytterbium pulsed fiber laser radiation. Deep ultraviolet (DUV) output power of 3.3 W at 266 nm was achieved with 14% IR-to-DUV conversion efficiency. UV-induced bulk degradation of LBO crystals was observed and visualized by the dark field method. PMID:27192312

  15. 40 CFR Appendix II to Part 266 - Tier I Feed Rate Screening Limits for Total Chlorine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Pt. 266, App. II Appendix II to Part 266—Tier I Feed Rate.../hr) Rural (g/hr) Complex Terrain (g/hr) 4 8.2E+01 4.2E+01 1.9E+01 6 9.1E+01 4.8E+01 2.8E+01 8...

  16. Compact all-solid-state 266 nm pulse laser%紧凑型全固态266 nm脉冲激光器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张辰; 高兰兰; 邵志强

    2014-01-01

    报道了利用激光二极管端面抽运Nd ∶YAG晶体,通过Cr4+∶YAG晶体可饱和吸收被动调Q,KTP晶体腔外倍频及BBO晶体腔外四倍频,实现266 nm连续脉冲输出。简要分析了被动调Q基本原理,计算并模拟了1064 nm基频光在理想状态下Cr4+∶YAG晶体不同初始透过率对脉冲激光单脉冲能量的影响。LD抽运功率为4.8 W时,得到266 nm紫外激光平均输出功率为5.63 mW,单脉冲能量约为0.5μJ。在紧凑型毫瓦级266 nm激光器实用化方面取得了一定进展。%266 nm ultraviolet pulse laser is achieved by KTP crystal extra-cavity frequency doubling and BBO crystal extra-cavity frequency quadrupling of a laser in Nd ∶YAG end-pumped by LD and passively Q-switched by Cr4+∶YAG.The basic principle of passively Q-switched is analyzed,and the influence of the initial transmission of the Cr4+∶YAG on single pulse energy of the 1 064nm laser under the ideal condition is calculated and simulated.When the pump power is 4.8W,the output power of 5.63mW and single pulse energy of 0.5μJ at 266 nm laser is ob-tained.Certain progress of practicability of compact milliwatt levels 266nm laser has been made.

  17. Study on a practical 266 nm ultraviolet laser%实用化266nm紫外激光器的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵书云; 肖磊; 王旭; 张弛; 刘磊

    2012-01-01

    An acousto-optic Q-switched 1064 nm quasi-continuous laser with a LD end-pumped Nd: YVO4 crystal is reported. A LBO crystal and a BBO crystal are respectively used in the cavity for intracavity frequency doubling and ext-racavity frequency quadrupling. A 266 nm ultraviolet laser output with a pulse width of 22 ns, a repetition of 20 kHz and an average power of 1. 12 W is obtained. And the optical-optical efficiency is 21. 37%.%报道了LD端面泵浦Nd∶ YVO4晶体、声光调Q 1064 nm准连续紫外激光,采用LBO晶体和BBO晶体分别进行腔内二倍频和腔外四倍频,从而获得266 nm紫外激光输出,脉冲宽度22 ns、重复频率为20 kHz、平均功率1.12W,光-光转换效率(532 ~266 nm)21.37%.

  18. Fabrication and stability of fiber bragg gratings for WDM applications using a 266 nm cw-laser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deyerl, Hans-Jürgen; Sørensen, Henrik Rokkjær; Jensen, Jesper Bo Damm;

    2003-01-01

    Diode pumped continuous wave all solid state UV-lasers operating at 266 nm offer an interesting alternative to frequency doubled argon ion lasers. We compare photosensitivity, UV-writing of Bragg gratings and thermal decay at 244, 257 and 266 nm.......Diode pumped continuous wave all solid state UV-lasers operating at 266 nm offer an interesting alternative to frequency doubled argon ion lasers. We compare photosensitivity, UV-writing of Bragg gratings and thermal decay at 244, 257 and 266 nm....

  19. Atomic Mass and NuclearBinding Energy for Uup-266(Ununpentium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Uup-266 (Ununpentium, atomic number Z = 115, mass number A = 266).

  20. 24 CFR 266.610 - Method of payment of mortgage insurance premiums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Method of payment of mortgage... COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL... MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Contract Rights and Obligations Mortgage Insurance Premiums § 266.610 Method...

  1. 20 CFR 416.266 - Continuation of SSI status for Medicaid

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Continuation of SSI status for Medicaid 416... Disabling Impairment § 416.266 Continuation of SSI status for Medicaid If we stop your benefits because of your earnings and you are potentially eligible for the special SSI eligibility status you will...

  2. Chandra and XMM–Newton Observations of H2O Maser Galaxy Mrk 266

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J. Wang; J. S. Zhang; J. H. Fan

    2011-03-01

    For H2O megamaser galaxy Mrk 266, its Chandra and XMM–Newton data are analyzed here. It shows existence of two obscured nuclei (separation is ∼ 5''). Our preferred model, the high energy reflected model can fit the hard component of both nuclei spectra well.

  3. 40 CFR Appendix Viii to Part 266 - Organic Compounds for Which Residues Must Be Analyzed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Organic Compounds for Which Residues Must Be Analyzed VIII Appendix VIII to Part 266 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...—Organic Compounds for Which Residues Must Be Analyzed Volatiles Semivolatiles Benzene...

  4. 40 CFR 266.206 - Standards applicable to the treatment and disposal of waste military munitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Military Munitions § 266.206 Standards applicable to the treatment and disposal of waste military munitions. The treatment and disposal of hazardous waste military munitions are subject to the applicable permitting, procedural,...

  5. 40 CFR 266.235 - What waste treatment does the storage and treatment conditional exemption allow?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What waste treatment does the storage... HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Conditional Exemption for Low-Level Mixed Waste Storage, Treatment, Transportation and Disposal. Treatment § 266.235 What...

  6. 40 CFR Appendix III to Part 266 - Tier II Emission Rate Screening Limits for Free Chlorine and Hydrogen Chloride

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Tier II Emission Rate Screening Limits for Free Chlorine and Hydrogen Chloride III Appendix III to Part 266 Protection of Environment... to Part 266—Tier II Emission Rate Screening Limits for Free Chlorine and Hydrogen Chloride...

  7. 40 CFR 266.255 - When is your LLMW no longer eligible for the storage and treatment conditional exemption?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... disposal conditional exemption at § 266.305. Storage Unit Closure ...-Level Mixed Waste Storage, Treatment, Transportation and Disposal. Reentry into Rcra § 266.255 When is... date your waste is subject to hazardous waste regulation under the relevant sections of 40 CFR...

  8. 42 CFR 2.66 - Procedures and criteria for orders authorizing disclosure and use of records to investigate or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... disclosure and use of records to investigate or prosecute a program or the person holding the records. 2.66... Use § 2.66 Procedures and criteria for orders authorizing disclosure and use of records to investigate... the disclosure or use of patient records to criminally or administratively investigate or prosecute...

  9. NF-Kβ Activation in U266 Cells on Mesenchymal Stem Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahedi, Sara; Shamsasenjan, Karim; Movassaghpour, Aliakbar; Akbarzadehlaleh, Parvin

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are one of the essential members of Bone Marrow (BM) microenvironment and the cells affect normal and malignant cells in BM milieu. One of the most important hematological malignancies is Multiple Myeloma (MM). Numerous studies reported various effects of MSCs on myeloma cells. MSCs initiate various signaling pathways in myeloma cells, particularly NF-kβ. NF-kβ signaling pathway plays pivotal role in the survival, proliferation and resistance of myeloma cells to the anticancer drugs, therefore this pathway can be said to be a vital target for cancer therapy. This study examined the relationship between U266 cells and MSCs. Methods: U266 cells were cultured with Umbilical Cord Blood derived-MSCs (UCB-MSCs) and Conditioned Medium (C.M). Effect of UCB-MSCs and C.M on proliferation rate and CD54 expression of U266 cells were examined with MTT assay and Flowcytometry respectively. Furthermore, expression of CXCL1, PECAM-1, JUNB, CCL2, CD44, CCL4, IL-6, and IL-8 were analyzed by Real Time-PCR (RT-PCR). Moreover, status of p65 protein in NF-kβ pathway assessed by western blotting. Results: Our findings confirm that UCB-MSCs support U266 cells proliferation and they increase CD54 expression. In addition, we demonstrate that UCB-MSCs alter the expression of CCL4, IL-6, IL-8, CXCL1 and the levels of phosphorylated p65 in U266 cells. Conclusion: Our study provides a novel sight to the role of MSCs in the activation of NF-kβ signaling pathway. So, NF-kβ signaling pathway will be targeted in future therapies against MM.

  10. Antimyeloma activity of bromodomain inhibitors on the human myeloma cell line U266 by downregulation of MYCL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Kazuhito; Yamamoto, Kouhei; Arakawa, Yasuhiro; Yamada, Hisashi; Aiba, Keisuke; Kitagawa, Masanobu

    2016-09-01

    Bromodomain and extraterminal protein (BET) inhibitors suppress the expression of c-MYC. U266, a human myeloma cell line, expresses the MYCL gene, but not the c-MYC gene. Our aim was to analyse the antimyeloma activity of BET inhibitors on U266 cells. Two BET inhibitors, I-BET151 and JQ1, were tested. U266 cell proliferation decreased to 61.5 and 54.0% of the control after incubation with 500 nmol/l I-BET151 for 72 and 96 h and to 53.5 and 56.4% of control after incubation with 500 nmol/l JQ1 for 72 and 96 h by MTS tetrazolium, respectively. BET inhibitors induced cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase in U266 cells, but did not induce apoptosis by flow cytometry. According to Gene Set Enrichment Analysis, MYC-related genes were significantly downregulated in U266 cells treated with I-BET151 similar to KMS11 cells that expressed c-MYC. The MYCL1 was expressed in U266 cells, whereas c-MYC and MYCN were not by quantitative real-time reverse-transcription-PCR. Incubation with I-BET151 induced downregulation of MYCL1 in U266 cells. BET inhibitors decreased the cell proliferation in U266 cells with overexpression of MYCL less than those without overexpression of MYCL. BET inhibitors induce G1 arrest without apoptosis and interfere with the proliferation of U266 myeloma cells, which express MYCL, but not c-MYC. BET inhibitors might be active in cancers that express MYCL, but not c-MYC. PMID:27276402

  11. 1.9-W flash-lamp-pumped solid-state 266-nm ultraviolet laser

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhen Xiang; Jianhong Ge; Zhigang Zhao; Sha Wang; Chong Liu; Jun Chen

    2009-01-01

    Deep ultraviolet lasers have various applications in industries and scientific researches.For 266-nrn ultraviolet (UV) laser generation,the good beam quality of 1064-nm laser and the elimination of gray-tracking effect of KTP crystal are two key factors.Using a dynamically stable resonator design,1064-nnl laser with an average power of 52 W is realized with repetition rate of 16 kHz.The measured M2 factor characterizing the beam quality is 1.5.By the elimination of gray-tracking effect of KTP crystal,an 18-W green laser is realized with the M2 factor of 1.6.Using a BBO crystal for tire fourth harmonic generation,a 1.9-W 266-nm UV laser is achieved.

  12. Characterization of the Cysteine Content in Proteins Utilizing Cysteine Selenylation with 266 nm Ultraviolet Photodissociation (UVPD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, W. Ryan; Brodbelt, Jennifer S.

    2016-08-01

    Characterization of the cysteine content of proteins is a key aspect of proteomics. By defining both the total number of cysteines and their bound/unbound state, the number of candidate proteins considered in database searches is significantly constrained. Herein we present a methodology that utilizes 266 nm UVPD to count the number of free and bound cysteines in intact proteins. In order to attain this goal, proteins were derivatized with N-(phenylseleno)phthalimide (NPSP) to install a selectively cleavable Se-S bond upon 266 UVPD. The number of Se-S bonds cleaved upon UVPD, a process that releases SePh moieties, corresponds to the number of cysteine residues per protein.

  13. Multiphoton ionization and dissociation of CH3I at 266 and 355 nm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Li; Xianghe Kong; Shudong Zhang

    2007-01-01

    The mechanisms of multiphoton ionization (MPI) and dissociation of CH3I have been studied using timeof-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer at 266 and 355 nm. MPI mass spectrum at 266 nm consists mostly of fragment ions. This is consistent with a neutral-fragment photoionization mechanism in which rapid one-photon dissociation occurs from the repulsive potential energy surface followed by MPI of neutral photofragments. The observation of parent ions at 355-nm excitation is indicative of parent-ionic ladder mechanism in which the parent ions are produced directly by two-photon excitation resonantly excited to Rydberg C state and then ionized through additional one-photon absorption to produce CH3I+. Fragment ions are produced by dissociation of CH3I+.

  14. 240 kW peak power at 266 nm in nonlinear YAl3(BO3)4 single crystal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilas, Simon; Loiseau, Pascal; Aka, Gérard; Taira, Takunori

    2014-12-01

    We report the fourth harmonic generation at 266 nm using a type I YAl3(BO3)4 (YAB) single crystal from a Q-switch microchip laser Nd:YAG/Cr⁴⁺:YAG frequency doubled with a LiB3O5 (LBO) crystal. 240 kW peak power at 266 nm corresponding to a mean conversion efficiency of 12.2% from 532 to 266 nm has been obtained with a 2.94 mm thick YAB crystal. The influences of optical homogeneity and absorption on the conversion efficiency are discussed. PMID:25606961

  15. Improved beam profile of a 266 nm deep ultraviolet laser employing a multi-mirror-reflected cavity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Houwen; Cheng, Wenyong; Wang, Junhua; Zhang, Yaguang; Wang, Xiaoqian; Zhang, Lijie

    2016-04-01

    A 266 nm deep ultraviolet (DUV) laser with a good Gaussian profile is reported employing a multi-mirror-reflected cavity. A type-I LiB3O5 (LBO) crystal is used to double the fundamental-light (1064 nm) wavelength generated by an actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser with an intra-cavity configuration. A fourth harmonic generation (FHG) wavelength is obtained by a type-I β-BaB2O4 (BBO) crystal. The output power as high as 440 mW at 266 nm is generated under an incident power of 2.26 W at 532 nm, corresponding to the conversion efficiency of 532 nm-266 nm up to 19.5% with a repetition rate of 15 kHz and the pulse duration of 266 nm is 10.7 ns.

  16. 技嘉用Apollo Pro 266芯片组的DDR主板GA-6RX

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    这是一块ATX板型的重量级主板。DDR DIMM插槽有4个之多,最多可装4GB的PC2100/PC1600的DDR SDRAM内存。Apollo Pro 266本身支持SDRAM.但GA-6RX未予支持(据资料称,Apollo Pro266还支持VS SDRAM)。

  17. Refractive index-modified structures in glass written by 266nm fs laser pulses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saliminia, Ali; Bérubé, Jean-Philippe; Vallée, Réal

    2012-12-01

    We demonstrate the inscription of embedded waveguides, anti-waveguides and Bragg gratings by use of intense femtosecond (fs) UV laser pulses at 266nm in pure fused silica, and for the first time, in bulk fused quartz and ZBLAN glasses. The magnitude of induced index changes, depends, besides pulse energy and translation speed, largely on writing depth and varies from ~10(-4) for smooth modifications to ~10(-3) for damaged structures. The obtained results are promising as they present the feasibility of fabrication of short (fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) for applications such as in realization of all-fiber lasers operating at short wavelengths. PMID:23262691

  18. 细菌性脑炎/脑膜炎266例流行病学分析%Epidemic Analysis of 266 Cases With Bacterial Meningitis or Encephalitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 张振国; 孙印旗; 郭建花; 甄素娟; 王颖童; 贾肇一; 尹遵栋

    2012-01-01

    Objective To provide scientific evidence for the similar nationwide study by understanding the epidemic characteristics and pathogeny spectrum of bacterial meningitis and encephalitis. Methods Cases with bacterial meningitis and encephalitis were investigated, with the blood samples and/ or CSF samples from surveillance cases were collected for laboratory testing. Results From the May, 2007 to December, 2010, 266 cases was reported and investigated. The male - to - female ratio was 1. 56 : 1, the average age of cases was 8. 7 years old, and 73. 7% of cases were children under 10 years old. Cases occurred all the year round, with no obvious seasonal peak. 19. 9% of cases had been vaccinated at least one of vaccines among encephalitis vaccine , meningococcal vaccine and rlib vaccine. 92.4% of cases used the antibiotics before the collection of samples. The main bacterial pathogeny spectrum of laboratory - confirmed bacterial meningitis/encephalitis cases were Streptococcus pneumoniae, Cryptococcus neoformans, Neisseria catarrhalis and Hib. Conclusion The epidemic characteristics and pathogeny spectrum is preliminary understood. It may provide the experience for the national surveillance of bacterial meningitis or encephalitis and other syndrome.%目的 了解急性细菌性脑炎/脑膜脑炎的流行特征与病原谱,为全国范围内开展类似研究提供科学依据.方法 对监测到的细菌性脑炎/脑膜炎开展个案调查并采集血清和或脑脊液标本,开展实验室检测工作.结果 2007 - 05/2010 -12报告的出院诊断为细菌性脑炎/脑膜脑炎患者266例,男女性别比为1.56∶1,平均年龄8.7岁,73.7%的病例集中在10岁以下儿童,各月都有病例发生,无明显发病季节高峰.19.9%病例接种过乙脑、流脑、Hib疫苗中的一种或一种以上,92.4%的病例在标本采集前使用了抗生素.实验室确诊的细菌性脑炎/脑膜脑炎病例的主要病原为肺炎链球菌、脑膜炎奈瑟菌、新

  19. Creation of an ethanol-tolerant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain by 266 nm laser radiation and repetitive cultivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Min; Zhu, Rongrong; Zhang, Minfeng; Wang, Shilong

    2014-11-01

    Laser radiation is an efficient approach for rapid improvement of industrial microbial phenotypes. To improve ethanol tolerance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains, a 266 nm laser radiation with the use of repetitive cultivation was explored in this work. After irradiated by 266 nm laser radiation and repetitive cultivation, a genetically stable SM4 strain was obtained. The SM4 strain could grow on YPD plate with extra 15% (v/v) ethanol. Moreover, the ethanol production performance of SM4 strain was 29.25% more than that of the wild type strain when they were cultivated in 5% (v/v) ethanol fermentation medium for 72 h. The DNA mutation was the possible characters for the phenotype of SM4 strain. Overall, the 266 nm laser radiation and repetitive cultivation approach might be a novel and useful for breeding fermentation microorganisms.

  20. 地西他滨对多发性骨髓瘤U266细胞株生物学行为的影响%Effects of Decitabine on Biological Behavior of U266 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梅芳; 杨林花; 董春霞; 张睿娟; 张建华; 郭志萍; 陈剑芳; 张丽; 冯大伟

    2011-01-01

    This study was aimed to explore the effects of decitabine on the biological behaviour of U266 cellsin vitro so as to provide a new thinking and experiment basis, as well as new evidences for the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma. MIT and colony formation assays were used to evaluate the impact of decitabine on the ability of proliferation of U266 cells; flow cytometry was used to analyze the cell distribution in cell cycle; transwell chamber and matrigel assays were used to observe the ability of migration and invasion. The results indicated that decitabine could significantly suppress the proliferation of U266 cells in time- and dose-dependent manners. The flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that the cells in G0 - G1 phase significantly increased while the cells in S and G2/M phase decreased. The migration and matrigel invasing tests showed that the number of cells moving into under chamber of transwell decreased after U266 cells treated with decitabine. It is concluded that decitabine may act ns an effective drug for MM by inhibiting the proliferation, migration and invasion ability, and the specific mechansim needs to be deeply explored.%本研究以多发性骨髓瘤U266细胞株为实验对象,探讨地西他滨对其生物学功能的影响,为MM的临床治疗提供新思路及实验依据,也为MM的发病机制提供进一步的佐证.应用MTT实验、平板克隆形成试验、FCM分析细胞周期、transwell迁移及matrigel侵袭试验分别检测地西他滨对U266细胞增殖、迁移及侵袭能力的影响.结果表明,地西他滨随着浓度增加对U266细胞增殖抑制作用增强,呈剂量和时间依赖性;FCM检测结果表明地西他滨处理后,G0-G1期U266细胞明显增加,S期和G2-M期细胞降低(p<0.05),表明地西他滨可抑制U266细胞DNA合成,将细胞周期阻滞在G0-G1期;低浓度(0.8 mmol/L)地西他滨处理后U266细胞迁移能力及侵袭力明显降低(p<0.05).结论:地西他滨对U266细胞的增殖、迁移

  1. 40 CFR Appendix I to Part 266 - Tier I and Tier II Feed Rate and Emissions Screening Limits for Metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Pt. 266, App. I Appendix I to Part 266...+01 1.8E+02 1.8E+03 1.8E+02 24 2.0E+02 3.4E+04 6.0E+01 2.0E+02 2.0E+03 2.0E+02 26 2.3E+02 3.9E+04...

  2. Signature of Plausible Accreting Supermassive Black Holes in Mrk 261/262 and Mrk 266

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gagik Ter-Kazarian

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We address the neutrino radiation of plausible accreting supermassive black holes closely linking to the 5 nuclear components of galaxy samples of Mrk 261/262 and Mrk 266. We predict a time delay before neutrino emission of the same scale as the age of the Universe. The ultrahigh energy neutrinos are produced in superdense protomatter medium via simple (quark or pionic reactions or modified URCA processes (G. Gamow was inspired to name the process URCA after the name of a casino in Rio de Janeiro. The resulting neutrino fluxes for quark reactions are ranging from to , where is the opening parameter. For pionic and modified URCA reactions, the fluxes are and , respectively. These fluxes are highly beamed along the plane of accretion disk, peaked at ultrahigh energies, and collimated in smaller opening angle .

  3. Development of a 266 nm Raman lidar for profiling atmospheric water vapor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uesugi, T.; Tsuda, T.; Yabuki, M.; Liu, Y.

    2014-12-01

    It is projected that localized extreme weather events could increase due to the effects of global warming, resulting in severe weather disasters, such as a torrential rain, floods, and so on. Understanding water vapor's behavior in the atmosphere is essen- tial to understand a fundamental mechanism of these weather events. Therefore, continuous monitoring system to measure the atmospheric water vapor with good spatio-temporal resolution is required. We have developed several water vapor Raman lidar systems employing the laser wavelengths of 355 and 532 nm. However, the signal-to-noise ratio of the Raman lidar strongly depends on the sky background because of the detection of the weak inelastic scattering of light by molecules. Therefore, these systems were mainly used during nighttime. Hence, we have newly developed a water vapor Raman lidar using a quadrupled Nd:YAG laser at a wavelength of 266 nm. This wavelength is in the ultraviolet (UV) range below 300 nm known as the "solar-blind" region, because practically all radiation at these wavelengths is absorbed by the ozone layer in the stratosphere. It has the advantage of having no daytime solar background radiation in the system. The lidar is equipped with a 25 cm receiving telescope and is used for measuring the light separated into an elastic backscatter signal and vibrational Raman signals of nitrogen and water vapor at wavelengths of 266.1, 283.6, and 294.6 nm, respectively. This system can be used for continuous water vapor measurements in the lower troposphere. This study introduces the design of the UV lidar system and shows the preliminary results of water vapor profiles.

  4. 白桦脂酸联合沙利度胺诱导U266细胞凋亡机制研究%Research on Betulinic Acid Combined with Thalidomide Induce Apoptosis of U266 Cells and Its Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙嘉; 马丹; 王萍; 方琴

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the betulinic acid combined with Thalidomide induce apoptosis of U266 cells and its mechanism. Methods:U266 cells were treated with betulinic acid(20,40,60 and 80 mg/L,betulinic acid group ),Thalidomide( 10 mg/L,50 mg/L,100 mg/L,Thalidomide group)and betulinic acid(40 mg/L)combined with Thalidomide( betulinic acid 40 mg/L,10,50 and 100 mg/L of Thalidomide,combined group)coupled with control group. Proliferation inhibition rate and apoptosis rate of U266 cells from different concentrations were detected with MTT and flow cy-tometry;Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression levels of Survivin,Cyto-C,Bcl-2,Bax gene. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of Survivin,Cyto-C,Bcl-2,Bax protein. Re-sults:With the increase of betulinic acid concentration,inhibition rate of U266 cells was also in-creased,differences were statistically significant( P <0. 05),the most appropriate concentration was 40 mg/L ;comparing with Thalidomide,inhibition rate and apoptosis rate of U266 cells were obviously increased,differences were statistically significant(P<0. 05);comparing with Thalidomide group or betulinic acid group,Survivin and expression of Bcl-2 mRNA of U2666 cells obviously decreased,Cy-to-C and expression of Bax mRNA obviously increased,differences were statistically significant(P<0. 05 ). Conclusion:The betulinic acid combined with thalidomide induce apoptosis of multiple myeloma U266 cells and its mechanism may be correlated with the proapoptotic molecule of survivin,Bcl-2,Cy-to-c and Bax.%目的:探讨白桦脂酸联合沙利度胺诱导多发性骨髓瘤( MM)U266细胞凋亡的机制。方法:分别用白桦脂酸(20、40、60和80 mg/L,白桦脂酸组)、沙利度胺(10、50和100 mg/L,沙利度胺组)及白桦脂酸(40 mg/L)联合沙利度胺(联合组,白桦脂酸40 mg/L,沙利度胺10、50和100 mg/L)分别处理U266细胞,同期设对照组;MTT法和流式细胞术分别检测不同浓

  5. 40 CFR Appendix Xiii to Part 266 - Mercury Bearing Wastes That May Be Processed in Exempt Mercury Recovery Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... are exempt mercury-bearing materials with less than 500 ppm of 40 CFR Part 261, appendix VIII organic... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mercury Bearing Wastes That May Be Processed in Exempt Mercury Recovery Units XIII Appendix XIII to Part 266 Protection of...

  6. 76 FR 13354 - Foreign-Trade Zone 266-Dane County, WI; Application for Subzone, Cabela's Inc. (Hunting, Fishing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 266--Dane County, WI; Application for Subzone, Cabela's Inc. (Hunting, Fishing, Camping and Related Outdoor Merchandise), Prairie du Chien, WI An application has...

  7. “Single Shot” Laser Multiphoton Ionization Detection of UF5 Following the 266 nm Photodissociation of UF6

    OpenAIRE

    Chou, J. S.; Sumida, D.; Stuke, M.; Wittig, C

    1982-01-01

    By using laser multiphoton ionization and a time-of-flight mass filter, we have detected nascent UF5 from the 266 nm laser photodissociation of UF6, following a single laser firing. The method can be used to monitor these species under conditions wherein isotopically selective excitation is responsible for the dissociation of UF6.

  8. The photochemistry of [Fe(III)N3(cyclam-ac)]PF6 at 266 nm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Alacan, Joel; Krahe, Oliver; Filippou, Alexander C; Neese, Frank; Schwarzer, Dirk; Vöhringer, Peter

    2012-03-01

    The photochemistry of iron azido complexes is quite challenging and poorly understood. For example, the photochemical decomposition of [Fe(III)N(3)(cyclam-ac)]PF(6) ([1]PF(6)), where cyclam-ac represents the 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane-1-acetate ligand, has been shown to be wavelength-dependent, leading either to the rare high-valent iron(V) nitrido complex [Fe(V)N(cyclam-ac)]PF(6) ([3]PF(6)) after cleavage of the azide N(α)-N(β) bond, or to a photoreduced Fe(II) species after Fe-N(azide) bond homolysis. The mechanistic details of this intriguing reactivity have never been studied in detail. Here, the photochemistry of 1 in acetonitrile solution at room temperature has been investigated using step-scan and rapid-scan time-resolved Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy following a 266 nm, 10 ns pulsed laser excitation. Using carbon monoxide as a quencher for the primary iron-containing photochemical product, it is shown that 266 nm excitation of 1 results exclusively in the cleavage of the Fe-N(azide) bond, as was suspected from earlier steady-state irradiation studies. In argon-purged solutions of [1]PF(6), the solvent-stabilized complex cation [Fe(II)(CH(3)CN)(cyclam-ac)](+) (2red) together with the azide radical (N(3)(.)) is formed with a relative yield of 80%, as evidenced by the appearance of their characteristic vibrational resonances. Strikingly, step-scan experiments with a higher time resolution reveal the formation of azide anions (N(3)(-)) during the first 500 ns after photolysis, with a yield of 20%. These azide ions can subsequently react thermally with 2red to form [Fe(II)N(3)(cyclam-ac)] (1red) as a secondary product of the photochemical decomposition of 1. Molecular oxygen was further used to quench 1red and 2red to form what seems to be the elusive complex [Fe(O(2))(cyclam-ac)](+) (6).

  9. Generation of 266 nm continuous-wave with elliptical Gaussian b eams%利用椭圆高斯光束产生266 nm紫外连续激光

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国柱; 沈咏; 刘曲; 邹宏新

    2014-01-01

    The 266 nm continuous-wave coherent radiation is generated by the second harmonic generation of aβ-BBO crystal placed inside an external enhancement cavity. Its fundamental beam is a 532 nm laser from commercial production of Coherent Company. Impact of focusing shape of the crystal on the conversion efficiency is simulated detailedly. Theoretical and experimental results show that the elliptical focusing can decrease the walk-off effect and improve conversion efficiency of the second harmonic generation (SHG). We obtain experimentally the 266 nm radiation output of 180 mW with elliptical focusing in a BBO crystal using bowtie cavity when the fundamental wave input 1 W . The SHG conversion efficiency reaches 18%.%本文采用商用532 nm激光器作为基频光源,利用偏硼酸钡(β-BBO)晶体进行外腔倍频,实现了266 nm连续激光的高效输出。文中详细模拟了BBO晶体中的束腰形状对倍频效率的影响,仿真和实验结果均表明椭圆高斯光束可以有效改善走离效应,提高倍频转换效率。通过优化蝶形倍频腔,可以使椭圆高斯光束在腔内共振,当1 W基频光输入时可输出约180 mW的266 nm紫外连续激光,倍频转换效率达到18%。

  10. Investigation on the influence of BBO thermal-induced phase mismatching in 266nm UV laser conversion efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Kai; Jin, Guangyong; Yu, Miao; Huang, Zhulong; Zhai, Ruizhi; Wang, Lei

    2014-12-01

    266nm UV laser has a wide range of applications in many fields, such as laser medical treatment, laser processing, precision measure and other applications for the reason of its advantages in wavelength, small diffraction effects, high single-photon energy, and high resolution and so on. BBO crystals absorb parts of the fundamental laser energy and second harmonic laser energy are unavoidable, and thus the temperature raise, so that the existing crystal phase matching conditions change, resulting in phase mismatching in the high-power frequency doubling, greatly influence the 266nm UV laser conversion efficiency. To further study the effect of phase mismatching to conversion efficiency, and improve the conversion efficiency, output power and other output characteristics of 266nm laser, the article mainly describe from the following three aspects. Firstly, took the use of three-dimensional nonlinear crystal temperature distribution which is obtained, the process of BBO crystal thermal-induced phase mismatching is analyzed. Secondly, based on frequency doubling theory, the effects of the thermal-induced phase mismatching affected of conversion in crystals are analyzed. Combining with the phase mismatching of the three-dimensional distributions, the fourth harmonic conversion efficiency with thermal phase mismatching changes of BBO 266nm UV laser are simulated for the first time. Thirdly, by using MATLAB software, the effects of phase mismatching to conversion efficiency in crystal for different waist radius, 532nm laser power and the fundamental beam quality are simulated. The results indicate a good physical interpretation of reasons of high power laser frequency doubling system. It shows that the model established explains the reason of the reduction of conversion efficiency, output power and the beam quality excellently. All results make a leading sense to the research on the compensating of the phase mismatching and on the improvement of conversion efficiency.

  11. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 266 cases of intracerebral hemorrhage in Hangzhou, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yun-zhen HU; Jian-wen WANG; Ben-yan LUO

    2013-01-01

    Ethnicity and socioeconomic factors can influence disease susceptibility,clinical presentation,and outcome.We investigated the clinical characteristics (age,sex,seasonal variation,lesion site,symptoms,complications,prognosis,and sequelae) and risk factors for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in 266 cases treated at our hospital in Hangzhou City,China,from January 2011 to December 2011.Risk of ICH increased dramatically with age; only 4.3%of cases were <30 years old,while 44.4% were >60 years of age.Men outnumbered women by 2:1 (67.3% vs.32.7%).Single hemorrhage was most often located in the cerebral lobes (37.2% of cases),basal ganglia (34.2%),thalamus (8.3%),cerebellum (6.8%),ventricle (1.5%),and brainstem (1.1%),while 10.9% of cases exhibited hemorrhages at multiple sites.Hypertension was also a major risk factor for ICH,as 47% of all patients were hypertensive and the percentage increased with age.In hypertensive patients,the most common hemorrhage site was the basal ganglia and ICH was often associated with thrombopenia.In patients with leukemia (all forms),most hemorrhages were lobar.Warfarin-and encephalic operation-associated ICHs were all lobar.Headache was the major symptom of occipital,temporal,and frontal lobe hemorrhage.Dizziness,nausea,and vomiting were the major symptoms of cerebellum hemorrhage.Limb dysfunction was the major symptom of thalamic and basal ganglia hemorrhage.Disturbed level of consciousness was the major symptom in multisite,ventricular,parietal lobe,and brainstem hemorrhage.Hyperspasmia occurred most often in lobar hemorrhage and blurred vision in occipital lobe hemorrhage.Hospital mortality was 24.4% (n=65) with a mean delay from presentation to death of (10.5±18.5) d.The majority of fatalities were cerebral hernia cases (58.5%) and these patients also had the shortest time to death [(2.9±3.5) d].Mortality was 100%in brainstem ICH and hemorrhagic conversion of cerebral infarct

  12. A neonatal screening of congenital hypothyroidism covered 266 401 cases in Tianjin area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To observe the incidence, the curative rate and the long term prognosis of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) newborns detected by screening program in Tianjin area initiated at the beginning of 1982. Methods: Primarily, the T4 and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) radioimmunoassay (RIA) of dried blood sample on filter paper developed in our laboratory were used. The TSH RIA was replaced by a time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay (Tr-FIA) in 1998. The primary T4 RIA was replaced by a commercial kit for T4 RIA in 1999. SPECT imaging on thyroid was performed after intravenous administration of 99TcmO4- 11.1-18.5 MBq. Results: A total of 266 401 neonates was screened for CH in our laboratory in Tianjin area. 36 cases of permanent CH were confirmed in the program. The incidence of CH was 0.014%; 22 cases of CH here were kept in treatment . Of the 22 cases, 19 cases were recalled in 2000, 18 of them (94.7%) showed currently with normal growth and development in the check-up. Imaging on thyroid (99Tcm): among 19 patients with CH, 1 case was found with normal gland, 1 with a hypogenetic thyroid, 3 cases with enlarged thyroid, 7 with ectopic gland, and the remaining 7 cases didn't show any image of thyroid. The bone age of 20 CH children was evaluated with the X ray radiography. In 6 cases of them, the bone age was normal, and 7 cases had progressed from development delay to normal. So far, retarded bone age of the remaining 7 CH patients didn't show any renewing yet. The bone age renewal was found in 3 younger children of them, but for the other 3 cases (9-12 years old) of CH patients with thyroid gland absence, the renewal of bone age was slower. Intelligence quotient (IQ) in 16 cases was measured. The scores of IQ in 13 cases of them (81.3%) were 80-119, 2 cases 72-77, 1 case 60. IQs of 6/16 cases of CH patients with thyroid absence were lower. May be it related to that, their hypothyroidism during fetal life was severer. Conclusions: Neonatal screening is an

  13. Relaxed rotational and scrunching changes in P266L mutant of T7 RNA polymerase reduce short abortive RNAs while delaying transition into elongation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo-Qing Tang

    Full Text Available Abortive cycling is a universal feature of transcription initiation catalyzed by DNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RNAP. In bacteriophage T7 RNAP, mutation of proline 266 to leucine (P266L in the C-linker region connecting the N-terminal promoter binding domain with the C-terminal catalytic domain drastically reduces short abortive products (4-7 nt while marginally increasing long abortives (9-11 nt. Here we have investigated the transcription initiation pathway of P266L with the goal of understanding the mechanistic basis for short and long abortive synthesis. We show that the P266L mutation does not alter the affinity for the promoter, mildly affects promoter opening, and increases the +1/+2 GTP K(d by 2-fold. However, unlike wild-type T7 RNAP that undergoes stepwise rotation of the promoter binding domain and DNA scrunching during initial transcription, the P266L mutant does not undergo coupled rotational/scrunching movements until 7 nt RNA synthesis. The lack of rotation/scrunching correlates with greater stabilities of the initiation complexes of the P266L and decreased short abortive products. The results indicate that the increased flexibility in the C-linker due to P266L mutation enables T7 RNAP to absorb the stress from the growing RNA:DNA hybrid thereby decreasing short abortive products. Increased C-linker flexibility, however, has an adverse effect of delaying the transition into elongation by 1-2 nt, which gives rise to long abortive products. However, a mutation in the upstream promoter region greatly decreases long abortive products in P266L reactions, rendering the combination of P266L and A-15C promoter a desirable pair for efficient in vitro transcription for RNA production. We conclude that the conformational rigidity in the C-linker region conferred by the proline at position 266 is responsible for the undesirable short abortive products, but the rigidity is critical for efficient promoter clearance and transition into

  14. Yb-fiber-laser-based, 1.8 W average power, picosecond ultraviolet source at 266 nm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaitanya Kumar, S; Canals Casals, J; Sanchez Bautista, E; Devi, K; Ebrahim-Zadeh, M

    2015-05-15

    We report a compact, stable, high-power, picosecond ultraviolet (UV) source at 266 nm based on simple single-pass two-step fourth-harmonic generation (FHG) of a mode-locked Yb-fiber laser at 79.5 MHz in LiB3O5 (LBO) and β-BaB2O4. Using a 30-mm-long LBO crystal for single-pass second-harmonic generation, we achieve up to 9.1 W of average green power at 532 nm for 16.8 W of Yb-fiber power at a conversion efficiency of 54% in 16.2 ps pulses with a TEM00 spatial profile and passive power stability better than 0.5% rms over 16 h. The generated green radiation is then used for single-pass FHG into the UV, providing as much as 1.8 W of average power at 266 nm under the optimum focusing condition in the presence of spatial walk-off, at an overall FHG conversion efficiency of ∼11%. The generated UV output exhibits passive power stability better than 4.6% rms over 1.5 h and beam pointing stability better than 84 μrad over 1 h. The UV output beam has a circularity of >80% in high beam quality with the TEM00 mode profile. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of picosecond UV generation at 266 nm at megahertz repetition rates. PMID:26393749

  15. Megawatt peak power, 1 kHz, 266 nm sub nanosecond laser source based on single-crystal fiber amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deyra, Loïc; Martial, Igor; Balembois, François; Diderjean, Julien; Georges, Patrick

    2013-06-01

    We report the realization of a UV source based on the fourth harmonic generation with LBO/BBO of a Nd:YAG passively Q-switched oscillator amplified in a single-crystal fiber. With careful optimization of the nonlinear components and parameters, we obtain 530 mW average power at 266 nm with pulses of 540 ps at the repetition rate of 1 kHz, which represents a 22.7 % total conversion efficiency from IR to UV and nearly 1 MW peak power. The beam quality M 2 is measured to be below 2.

  16. Megawatt peak power, 1 kHz, 266 nm sub nanosecond laser source based on single-crystal fiber amplifier

    OpenAIRE

    Deyra, Loïc; Martial, Igor; Julien, Didierjean; Balembois, François; Georges, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    International audience We report the realization of a UV source based on the fourth harmonic generation with LBO/BBO of a Nd:YAG passively Q:switched oscillator amplified in a single-crystal fiber. With careful optimization of the nonlinear components and parameters, we obtain 530 mW average power at 266 nm with pulses of 540 ps at the repetition rate of 1 kHz, which represents a 22.7% total conversion efficiency from IR to UV and nearly 1 MW peak power. The beam quality M² is measured to ...

  17. Nonthermal X-Ray Emission from G266.2-1.2 (RX J0852.0-4622)

    OpenAIRE

    Slane, P.; Hughes, J. P.; Edgar, R. J.; Plucinsky, P. P.; Miyata, E.; Aschenbach, B.

    2001-01-01

    The newly discovered supernova remnant G266.2-1.2 (RX J0852.0-4622), along the line of sight to the Vela SNR, was observed with ASCA for 120 ks. We find that the X-ray spectrum is featureless, and well described by a power law, extending to three the class of shell-type SNRs dominated by nonthermal X-ray emission. Although the presence of the Vela SNR compromises our ability to accurately determine the column density, the GIS data appear to indicate absorption considerably in excess of that f...

  18. Investigation of Dual Active Nuclei, Outflows, Shock-Heated Gas, and Young Star Clusters in Markarian 266

    CERN Document Server

    Mazzarella, J M; Vavilkin, T; Armus, L; Kim, D -C; Bothun, G; Evans, A S; Spoon, H W W; Haan, S; Howell, J H; Lord, S; Marshall, J A; Ishida, C M; Xu, C K; Petric, A; Sanders, D B; Surace, J A; Appleton, P; Chan, B H P; Frayer, D T; Inami, H; Khachikian, E Ye; Madore, B F; Privon, G C; Sturm, E; U., Vivian; Veilleux, S

    2012-01-01

    Results of observations with the Spitzer, Hubble, GALEX, Chandra, and XMM-Newton space telescopes are presented for the Luminous Infrared Galaxy (LIRG) merger Mrk 266. The SW (Seyfert 2) and NE (LINER) nuclei reside in galaxies with Hubble types SBb (pec) and S0/a (pec), respectively. Both galaxies have L > L*, and they are inferred to each contain a ~2.5x10^8 M_sun black hole. Mrk 266 SW is likely the primary source of a bright Fe K-alpha line detected from the system, consistent with the reflection-dominated X-ray spectrum of a heavily obscured AGN. Optical knots embedded in an arc with aligned radio continuum radiation, combined with luminous H_2 line emission, provide evidence for a radiative bow shock in an AGN-driven outflow surrounding the NE nucleus. Soft X-ray emission modeled as shock-heated plasma is co-spatial with radio continuum emission between the galaxies. Mid-IR diagnostics indicate roughly equal contributions of AGN and starburst radiation powering the bolometric luminosity. Approximately 1...

  19. Somatostatin and opioid receptors do not regulate proliferation or apoptosis of the human multiple myeloma U266 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allouche Stéphane

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background opioid and somatostatin receptors (SSTRs that can assemble as heterodimer were individually reported to modulate malignant cell proliferation and to favour apoptosis. Materials and methods: SSTRs and opioid receptors expression were examined by RT-PCR, western-blot and binding assays, cell proliferation was studied by XTT assay and propidium iodide (PI staining and apoptosis by annexin V-PI labelling. Results almost all human malignant haematological cell lines studied here expressed the five SSTRs. Further experiments were conducted on the human U266 multiple myeloma cells, which express also μ-opioid receptors (MOP-R. XTT assays and cell cycle studies provide no evidence for a significant effect upon opioid or somatostatin receptors stimulation. Furthermore, neither direct effect nor potentiation of the Fas-receptor pathway was detected on apoptosis after these treatments. Conclusion these data suggest that SSTRs or opioid receptors expression is not a guaranty for an anti-tumoral action in U266 cell line.

  20. Inhibition of STAT3 signaling and induction of SHP1 mediate antiangiogenic and antitumor activities of ergosterol peroxide in U266 multiple myeloma cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ergosterol peroxide (EP) derived from edible mushroom has been shown to exert anti-tumor activity in several cancer cells. In the present study, anti-angiogenic activity of EP was investigated with the underlying molecular mechanisms in human multiple myeloma U266 cells. Despite weak cytotoxicity against U266 cells, EP suppressed phosphorylation, DNA binding activity and nuclear translocalization of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in U266 cells at nontoxic concentrations. Also, EP inhibited phosphorylation of the upstream kinases Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and Src in a time-dependent manner. Furthermore, EP increased the expression of protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 at protein and mRNA levels, and conversely silencing of the SHP-1 gene clearly blocked EP-mediated STAT3 inactivation. In addition, EP significantly decreased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), one of STAT3 target genes at cellular and protein levels as well as disrupted in vitro tube formation assay. Moreover, EP significantly suppressed the growth of U266 cells inoculated in female BALB/c athymic nude mice and immunohistochemistry revealed that EP effectively reduced the expression of STAT3 and CD34 in tumor sections compared to untreated control. These findings suggest that EP can exert antitumor activity in multiple myeloma U266 cells partly with antiangiogenic activity targeting JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway as a potent cancer preventive agent for treatment of multiple myeloma cells

  1. Wavelength Dependence in the Analysis of Carbon Content in Coal by Nanosecond 266 nm and 1064 nm Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiongwei; Wang, Zhe; Fu, Yangting; Li, Zheng; Ni, Weidou

    2015-08-01

    The wavelength dependence of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) in the analysis of the carbon contents of coal was studied using 266 nm and 1064 nm laser radiations. Compared with the 1064 nm wavelength laser ablation, the 266 nm wavelength laser ablation has less thermal effects, resulting in a better crater morphology on the coal pellets. Besides, the 266 nm wavelength laser ablation also provides better laser-sample coupling and less plasma shielding, resulting in a higher carbon line intensity and better signal reproducibility. The carbon contents in the bituminous coal samples have better linearity with the line intensities of atomic carbon measured by the 266 nm wavelength than those measured by the 1064 nm wavelength. The partial least square (PLS) model was established for the quantitative analysis of the carbon content in coal samples by LIBS. The results show that both of the 266 nm and 1064 nm wavelengths are capable of achieving good performance for the quantitative analysis of carbon content in coal using the PLS method. supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51276100) and National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (No. 2013CB228501)

  2. Analysis of 266 Cases of Adverse Drug Reactions in the Hospital in 2014%医院2014年266例药品不良反应报告分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡乐; 王颖; 史红; 苏晔

    2016-01-01

    目的:了解医院药品不良反应发生的规律及相关因素,为临床合理用药提供参考。方法对北京朝阳医院2014年266例药品不良反应报告进行归类统计、评价。结果266例药品不良反应报告中,患者男性多于女性,比例为1∶0.8,60岁以上老年患者发生不良反应为115例(43.23%)。抗菌药物不良反应发生率最高,其次为抗肿瘤药物。给药途径以静脉滴注为主,不良反应的临床表现以皮肤及其附件损害为主,其次为消化系统、血液系统及全身性损害,分别为31.20%,30.83%,9.77%,9.77%,严重不良反应15例(5.64%)。结论应进一步加强药品不良反应监测情况,加大药品不良反应宣传力度,重视抗菌药物及抗肿瘤药物的不良反应监测,以免发生严重不良反应。%Objective To understand the law of hospital adverse drug reactions and related factors, to provide reference for clinical ratio-nal drug use. Methods 266 cases of adverse drug reaction reports in The Beijing Chaoyang Hospital in 2014 were statistically classi-fied and evaluated. Results In the 266 cases of adverse drug reactions, there were more men than women, the ratio was 1∶0. 8;115 cases of adverse reactions were patients over the age of 60 ( 43. 23%) . The antimicrobial's incidence of adverse drug reactions was the highest, followed by anticancer drugs. The main route of administration was by intravenous infusion, the clinical manifestations of adverse reactions was skin and its appendages, followed by the digestive system, blood system and body damage, accounted for 31. 20% , 30. 83%, 9. 77%, 9. 77% respectively; serious adverse reactions 15 cases ( 5. 64% ) . Conclusion It is necessary to further strengthen the monitoring of adverse drug reactions, increase publicity efforts on adverse drug reactions, pay more attention to the monitoring of ad-verse reactions of antibiotics and anticancer drugs, in order to avoid the

  3. An observation of magnetotherapy in treatment of 266 cases of neurasthenia%磁疗加安神补脑液治疗神经衰弱266例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢家驹

    2004-01-01

    目的:观察耳穴磁疗加安神补脑液治疗神经衰弱的疗效.方法:266例神经衰弱患者,磁疗加口服安神补脑液,10ml/次,2次/d,10d为1个疗程,一般服用1~2个疗程.结果:磁疗加安神补脑液对神经衰弱各种症状都有较好效果,有效率为92.9%,治愈率为25.6%.结论:磁疗加安神补脑液是治疗神经衰弱的有效方法之一,简便易行且无明显副作用,值得推广.

  4. Demonstration of long-term reliability of a 266-nm, continuous-wave, frequency-quadrupled solid-state laser using beta-BaB(2)O(4).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondo, K; Oka, M; Wada, H; Fukui, T; Umezu, N; Tatsuki, K; Kubota, S

    1998-02-01

    We report what we believe to be the first operation of more than 1000 h of a 266-nm (cw) frequency-quadrupled solid-state laser with a 100-mW output. We used beta-BaB(2)O(4)(BBO) crystal grown by the Czochralski method to double the green-light (532-nm) wavelength, using an external resonant cavity. The green light was generated with an intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YVO(4)laser pumped by a 4-W laser diode. When the incident 532-nm power on the external resonant doubler was 500 mW, we generated 100 mW of cw 266-nm radiation with the BBO crystal. The degradation rate seems to be proportional to the strength of the UV optical electric field. We also obtained a relative intensity noise of -130dB/Hz at frequencies of 2 to 10 MHz for 266-nm laser light.

  5. Demonstration of long-term reliability of a 266-nm, continuous-wave, frequency-quadrupled solid-state laser using beta-BaB(2)O(4).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondo, K; Oka, M; Wada, H; Fukui, T; Umezu, N; Tatsuki, K; Kubota, S

    1998-02-01

    We report what we believe to be the first operation of more than 1000 h of a 266-nm (cw) frequency-quadrupled solid-state laser with a 100-mW output. We used beta-BaB(2)O(4)(BBO) crystal grown by the Czochralski method to double the green-light (532-nm) wavelength, using an external resonant cavity. The green light was generated with an intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YVO(4)laser pumped by a 4-W laser diode. When the incident 532-nm power on the external resonant doubler was 500 mW, we generated 100 mW of cw 266-nm radiation with the BBO crystal. The degradation rate seems to be proportional to the strength of the UV optical electric field. We also obtained a relative intensity noise of -130dB/Hz at frequencies of 2 to 10 MHz for 266-nm laser light. PMID:18084457

  6. INVESTIGATION OF DUAL ACTIVE NUCLEI, OUTFLOWS, SHOCK-HEATED GAS, AND YOUNG STAR CLUSTERS IN MARKARIAN 266

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mazzarella, J. M.; Chan, B. H. P. [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, MS 100-22, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Iwasawa, K., E-mail: mazz@ipac.caltech.edu, E-mail: bchan@ipac.caltech.edu, E-mail: kazushi.iwasawa@icc.ub.edu [ICREA and Institut del Ciencies del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Marti i Franques 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); and others

    2012-11-01

    Results of observations with the Spitzer, Hubble, GALEX, Chandra, and XMM-Newton space telescopes are presented for the luminous infrared galaxy (LIRG) merger Markarian 266. The SW (Seyfert 2) and NE (LINER) nuclei reside in galaxies with Hubble types SBb (pec) and S0/a (pec), respectively. Both companions are more luminous than L* galaxies and they are inferred to each contain a Almost-Equal-To 2.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun} black hole. Although the nuclei have an observed hard X-ray flux ratio of f{sub X} (NE)/f{sub X} (SW) = 6.4, Mrk 266 SW is likely the primary source of a bright Fe K{alpha} line detected from the system, consistent with the reflection-dominated X-ray spectrum of a heavily obscured active galactic nucleus (AGN). Optical knots embedded in an arc with aligned radio continuum radiation, combined with luminous H{sub 2} line emission, provide evidence for a radiative bow shock in an AGN-driven outflow surrounding the NE nucleus. A soft X-ray emission feature modeled as shock-heated plasma with T {approx} 10{sup 7} K is cospatial with radio continuum emission between the galaxies. Mid-infrared diagnostics provide mixed results, but overall suggest a composite system with roughly equal contributions of AGN and starburst radiation powering the bolometric luminosity. Approximately 120 star clusters have been detected, with most having estimated ages less than 50 Myr. Detection of 24 {mu}m emission aligned with soft X-rays, radio continuum, and ionized gas emission extending {approx}34'' (20 kpc) north of the galaxies is interpreted as {approx}2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} M{sub Sun} of dust entrained in an outflowing superwind. At optical wavelengths this Northern Loop region is resolved into a fragmented morphology indicative of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in an expanding shell of ionized gas. Mrk 266 demonstrates that the dust 'blow-out' phase can begin in a LIRG well before the galaxies fully coalesce during a

  7. INVESTIGATION OF DUAL ACTIVE NUCLEI, OUTFLOWS, SHOCK-HEATED GAS, AND YOUNG STAR CLUSTERS IN MARKARIAN 266

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of observations with the Spitzer, Hubble, GALEX, Chandra, and XMM-Newton space telescopes are presented for the luminous infrared galaxy (LIRG) merger Markarian 266. The SW (Seyfert 2) and NE (LINER) nuclei reside in galaxies with Hubble types SBb (pec) and S0/a (pec), respectively. Both companions are more luminous than L* galaxies and they are inferred to each contain a ≈2.5 × 108 M☉ black hole. Although the nuclei have an observed hard X-ray flux ratio of fX (NE)/fX (SW) = 6.4, Mrk 266 SW is likely the primary source of a bright Fe Kα line detected from the system, consistent with the reflection-dominated X-ray spectrum of a heavily obscured active galactic nucleus (AGN). Optical knots embedded in an arc with aligned radio continuum radiation, combined with luminous H2 line emission, provide evidence for a radiative bow shock in an AGN-driven outflow surrounding the NE nucleus. A soft X-ray emission feature modeled as shock-heated plasma with T ∼ 107 K is cospatial with radio continuum emission between the galaxies. Mid-infrared diagnostics provide mixed results, but overall suggest a composite system with roughly equal contributions of AGN and starburst radiation powering the bolometric luminosity. Approximately 120 star clusters have been detected, with most having estimated ages less than 50 Myr. Detection of 24 μm emission aligned with soft X-rays, radio continuum, and ionized gas emission extending ∼34'' (20 kpc) north of the galaxies is interpreted as ∼2 × 107 M☉ of dust entrained in an outflowing superwind. At optical wavelengths this Northern Loop region is resolved into a fragmented morphology indicative of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in an expanding shell of ionized gas. Mrk 266 demonstrates that the dust 'blow-out' phase can begin in a LIRG well before the galaxies fully coalesce during a subsequent ultraluminous infrared galaxy (ULIRG) phase, and rapid gas consumption in luminous dual AGNs with kiloparsec-scale separations

  8. High-power, high-repetition-rate performance characteristics of β-BaB₂O₄ for single-pass picosecond ultraviolet generation at 266 nm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, S Chaitanya; Casals, J Canals; Wei, Junxiong; Ebrahim-Zadeh, M

    2015-10-19

    We report a systematic study on the performance characteristics of a high-power, high-repetition-rate, picosecond ultraviolet (UV) source at 266 nm based on β-BaB2O4 (BBO). The source, based on single-pass fourth harmonic generation (FHG) of a compact Yb-fiber laser in a two-crystal spatial walk-off compensation scheme, generates up to 2.9 W of average power at 266 nm at a pulse repetition rate of ~80 MHz with a single-pass FHG efficiency of 35% from the green to UV. Detrimental issues such as thermal effects have been studied and confirmed by performing relevant measurements. Angular and temperature acceptance bandwidths in BBO for FHG to 266 nm are experimentally determined, indicating that the effective interaction length is limited by spatial walk-off and thermal gradients under high-power operation. The origin of dynamic color center formation due to two-photon absorption in BBO is investigated by measurements of intensity-dependent transmission at 266 nm. Using a suitable theoretical model, two-photon absorption coefficients as well as the color center densities have been estimated at different temperatures. The measurements show that the two-photon absorption coefficient in BBO at 266 nm is ~3.5 times lower at 200°C compared to that at room temperature. The long-term power stability as well as beam pointing stability is analyzed at different output power levels and focusing conditions. Using cylindrical optics, we have circularized the generated elliptic UV beam to a circularity of >90%. To our knowledge, this is the first time such high average powers and temperature-dependent two-photon absorption measurements at 266 nm are reported at repetition rates as high as ~80 MHz.

  9. High-power, high-repetition-rate performance characteristics of β-BaB₂O₄ for single-pass picosecond ultraviolet generation at 266 nm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, S Chaitanya; Casals, J Canals; Wei, Junxiong; Ebrahim-Zadeh, M

    2015-10-19

    We report a systematic study on the performance characteristics of a high-power, high-repetition-rate, picosecond ultraviolet (UV) source at 266 nm based on β-BaB2O4 (BBO). The source, based on single-pass fourth harmonic generation (FHG) of a compact Yb-fiber laser in a two-crystal spatial walk-off compensation scheme, generates up to 2.9 W of average power at 266 nm at a pulse repetition rate of ~80 MHz with a single-pass FHG efficiency of 35% from the green to UV. Detrimental issues such as thermal effects have been studied and confirmed by performing relevant measurements. Angular and temperature acceptance bandwidths in BBO for FHG to 266 nm are experimentally determined, indicating that the effective interaction length is limited by spatial walk-off and thermal gradients under high-power operation. The origin of dynamic color center formation due to two-photon absorption in BBO is investigated by measurements of intensity-dependent transmission at 266 nm. Using a suitable theoretical model, two-photon absorption coefficients as well as the color center densities have been estimated at different temperatures. The measurements show that the two-photon absorption coefficient in BBO at 266 nm is ~3.5 times lower at 200°C compared to that at room temperature. The long-term power stability as well as beam pointing stability is analyzed at different output power levels and focusing conditions. Using cylindrical optics, we have circularized the generated elliptic UV beam to a circularity of >90%. To our knowledge, this is the first time such high average powers and temperature-dependent two-photon absorption measurements at 266 nm are reported at repetition rates as high as ~80 MHz. PMID:26480467

  10. High-power, high-repetition-rate performance characteristics of β-BaB2O4 for single-pass picosecond ultraviolet generation at 266 nm

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, S. Chaitanya; Canals Casals, J.; Wei, Junxiong; Ebrahim-Zadeh, Majid

    2015-01-01

    We report a systematic study on the performance characteristics of a high-power, high-repetition-rate, picosecond ultraviolet (UV) source at 266 nm based on β-BaB2O4 (BBO). The source, based on single-pass fourth harmonic generation (FHG) of a compact Yb-fiber laser in a two-crystal spatial walk-off compensation scheme, generates up to 2.9 W of average power at 266 nm at a pulse repetition rate of ~80 MHz with a single-pass FHG efficiency of 35% from the green to UV. Detrimental issues such a...

  11. Types and risk factors of cardiac arrhythmias and its effects on pregnancies in 266 hospitalized pregnancy women%266例妊娠患者合并心律失常的类型、危险因素及对妊娠的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红; 杜静; 薛倩; 刘元生

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the types and risk factors of cardiac arrhythmias and its influence during pregnancy. Methods A total of 266 cases of pregnancies complicated with arrhythmias admitted and delivered were reviewed from June 1993 to June 2012 in Peking University People's Hospital. Results The most common cardiac arrhythmias during pregnancy was sinus tachycardia ( 41. 4% ) (110 / 266). In all kinds of arrhythmia, gestational hypertension was the most common cause of arrhythmia. Single factor analysis showed that, among all the risk factors and the influence on outcomes during pregnancy complicated with arrhythmias, 74. 8% ( 199 / 266 ) of cases were normal cardiac structure, and 25. 2%(67 / 266) of cases were abnormal cardiac structure. There was no significant difference in maternal mortality between pregnancy with or without abnormal cardiac structure(P ﹥ 0. 05). In addition, 86. 5% (230 / 266) of cases were in NYHA grading Ⅰ-Ⅱ, 13. 5% (36 / 266) were in NYHA grading Ⅲ-Ⅳ. The difference of maternal mortality between pregnancy in NYHA grading Ⅲ-Ⅳ and grading Ⅰ-Ⅱ has significance ( P ﹤0. 01) . Conclusions The most common cardiac arrhythmias during pregnancy is sinus tachycardia. Gestational hypertension is the most common cause of arrhythmia. Pregnancy in NYHA grading Ⅲ-Ⅳ has an obvious bad effect on maternal mortality.%目的:分析妊娠合并心律失常的类型、危险因素及对妊娠的影响。方法入选北京大学人民医院1993年6月至2012年6月间妊娠合并心律失常的266例住院分娩患者的临床病历资料,回顾性分析心律失常的危险因素及其对妊娠的影响。结果妊娠合并心律失常中以窦性心动过速最常见,占41.4%(110/266),其次为室性期前收缩和预激综合征合并的室上性心动过速,分别占18.0%(48/266)和8.3%(22/266)。在各种危险因素中,妊娠期高血压综合征最为常见。所有患者中25.2%(67/266)合并器质性心脏病,74.8

  12. Whole-Genome Sequence of Multidrug-Resistant Campylobacter coli Strain COL B1-266, Isolated from the Colombian Poultry Chain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernal, Johan F; Donado-Godoy, Pilar; Arévalo, Alejandra; Duarte, Carolina; Realpe, María E; Díaz, Paula L; Gómez, Yolanda; Rodríguez, Fernando; Agarwala, Richa; Landsman, David; Mariño-Ramírez, Leonardo

    2016-03-17

    Campylobacter coli is considered one of the main causes of food-borne illness worldwide. We report here the whole-genome sequence of multidrug-resistant Campylobacter coli strain COL B1-266, isolated from the Colombian poultry chain. The genome sequences encode genes for a variety of antimicrobial resistance genes, including aminoglycosides, β-lactams, lincosamides, fluoroquinolones, and tetracyclines.

  13. 266例不孕妇女孕前风险因素筛查结果分析%Analysis on screening results of periconceptional risk factors in 266 infertile women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖戎; 陆海音; 宋向菁; 王建兰; 赖征利; 陈云雁; 速存梅

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解不孕妇女孕前暴露于对怀孕有不利影响的风险因素情况,为完善不孕不育的诊治提供信息支持.方法:采用自制孕前风险因素筛查问卷,由经过统一培训的医生对到云南省人口和计划生育科学技术研究所就诊的266例不孕妇女进行筛查.结果:94.74%的妇女暴露于对怀孕有不良影响的风险因素中,其中风险因素暴露比例最多的是流产史、经济/生活压力、被动吸烟、饮食营养不均衡、无风疹病毒抗体,分别占66.27%、63.53%、45.86%、39.85%、38.72%.结论:不孕妇女孕前暴露于对怀孕有不良影响的风险因素比例较高,在不孕症诊治的同时应筛查是否存在对怀孕有不良影响的风险因素,并针对风险因素提出相应的干预措施.%Objective: To understand the pregestational exposure to risk factors of adverse effect of pregnancy in infertile women, and provide data basis for improving diagnosis and treatment of infertility. Methods: A self - designed screening questionnaire about pregestational risk factors was used to screen 226 infertile women from Population and Family Planning Research Institute of Science and Technology. Results: Among 266 infertile women, 94. 74% of them were exposed to risk factors of adverse effect of pregnancy, the proportions of risk factors were history of abortion, economic/living pressure, passive smoking, unbalanced diet and nutrition, and without rubella virus antibody, accounting for66. 27% , 63. 53% , 45. 86% , 39. 85% , and 38. 72% , respectively. Conclusion: The proportion of infertile women exposure to risk factors of adverse effect of infertility is high, the risk factors should be screened at the same time of diagnosis and treatment of infertility, and corresponding interventional measures should be put forward targeting risk factors.

  14. Non-Thermal X-ray Emission from the Northwestern Rim of the Galactic Supernova Remnant G266.2-1.2 (RX J0852.0-4622)

    CERN Document Server

    Pannuti, Thomas G; Filipovic, Miroslav D; De Horta, Ain; Stupar, Milorad; Agrawal, Rashika

    2010-01-01

    We present a detailed spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis of two X-ray observations (with a total integration time of 73280 seconds) made of the luminous northwestern rim complex of the Galactic supernova remnant (SNR) G266.2-1.2 (RX J0852.0-4622) with the Chandra X-ray Observatory. G266.2-1.2 is a member of a class of Galactic SNRs which feature X-ray spectra dominated by non-thermal emission: in the cases of these SNRs, the emission is believed to have a synchrotron origin and studies of the X-ray spectra of these SNRs can lend insights into how SNRs accelerate cosmic-ray particles. The Chandra observations have clearly revealed fine structure in this rim complex and the spectra of these features are dominated by non-thermal emission. We have measured the length scales of the upstream structures at eight positions along the rim and derive lengths of 0.02-0.08 pc (assuming a distance of 750 pc to G266.2-1.2). We have also extracted spectra from seven regions in the rim complex and fit these spectra wit...

  15. Who uses glucosamine and why? A study of 266,848 Australians aged 45 years and older.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Sibbritt

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: There has been a dramatic increase in the use of complementary medicines over recent decades. Glucosamine is one of the most commonly used complementary medicines in Western societies. An understanding of glucosamine consumption is of significance for public health and future health promotion. This paper, drawing upon the largest dataset to date with regards to glucosamine use (n = 266,844, examines the use and users of glucosamine amongst a sample of older Australians. DESIGN: Analysis of the self-reported data on use of glucosamine, demographics and health status as extracted from the dataset of the 45 and Up Study, which is the largest study of healthy ageing ever undertaken in the Southern Hemisphere involving over 265,000 participants aged 45 and over. RESULTS: Analysis reveals that 58,630 (22.0% participants reported using glucosamine in the 4 weeks prior to the survey. Use was higher for those who were female, non-smokers, residing in inner/outer regional areas, with higher income and private health insurance. Of all the health conditions examined only osteoarthritis was positively associated with use of glucosamine, while cancer, heart attack or angina and other heart disease were all negatively associated with glucosamine use. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that a considerable proportion of the Australia population aged 45 and over consume glucosamine. There is a need for health care practitioners to enquire with their patients about their use of glucosamine and for further attention to be directed to providing good quality information for patients and providers with regards to glucosamine products.

  16. In vitro aggregation behavior of a non-amyloidogenic λ light chain dimer deriving from U266 multiple myeloma cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Arosio

    Full Text Available Excessive production of monoclonal light chains due to multiple myeloma can induce aggregation-related disorders, such as light chain amyloidosis (AL and light chain deposition diseases (LCDD. In this work, we produce a non-amyloidogenic IgE λ light chain dimer from human mammalian cells U266, which originated from a patient suffering from multiple myeloma, and we investigate the effect of several physicochemical parameters on the in vitro stability of this protein. The dimer is stable in physiological conditions and aggregation is observed only when strong denaturating conditions are applied (acidic pH with salt at large concentration or heating at melting temperature T(m at pH 7.4. The produced aggregates are spherical, amorphous oligomers. Despite the larger β-sheet content of such oligomers with respect to the native state, they do not bind Congo Red or ThT. The impossibility to obtain fibrils from the light chain dimer suggests that the occurrence of amyloidosis in patients requires the presence of the light chain fragment in the monomer form, while dimer can form only amorphous oligomers or amorphous deposits. No aggregation is observed after denaturant addition at pH 7.4 or at pH 2.0 with low salt concentration, indicating that not a generic unfolding but specific conformational changes are necessary to trigger aggregation. A specific anion effect in increasing the aggregation rate at pH 2.0 is observed according to the following order: SO(4(-≫Cl(->H(2PO(4(-, confirming the peculiar role of sulfate in promoting protein aggregation. It is found that, at least for the investigated case, the mechanism of the sulfate effect is related to protein secondary structure changes induced by anion binding.

  17. 胎膜早破致早产266例临床分析%Clinical analysis on 266 patients with premature delivery induced by premature rupture of fetal membranes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔蓉

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨胎膜早破与早产的关系。方法:对226例胎膜早破致早产患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析。结果:催产素引产22例(阴道产20例);可疑宫内感染剖宫产8例(5.56%);其他母儿并发症剖宫产26例。86例<35周的保胎组中保胎失败临产36例;可疑宫内感染剖宫产21例(24.42%);其他母儿并发症终止妊娠29例,保胎时间最长18 d。结论:早产性胎膜早破的主要病因是感染,预防及治疗性应用抗生素及糖皮质激素可改善母儿预后,宫缩抑制剂的使用给胎膜早破致早产的治疗提供了机会。%Objective:To investigate the relationship between premature rupture of membranes and preterm delivery.Methods:The clinical data of 266 patients with premature delivery induced by premature rupture of fetal membranes were retrospectively analyzed.Results:There were 22 cases(20 cases of vaginal delivery) with oxytocin induction of labor;8 cases(5.56%) were taken cesarean section because of suspected intrauterine infection;26 cases of cesarean section induced by other maternal and fetal complications.Among 86 cases with pregnancy less than 35 weeks in the tocolysis group,there were 36 cases of tocolysis failure in labor;21 cases(24.42%) with cesarean section because of suspected intrauterine infection;other 29 cases terminated pregnancy because of maternal and fetal complications.The longest tocolysis time lasted for 18 days.Conclusion:Infection is the main reason of preterm premature rupture of membranes.Applicated antibiotics and glucocorticoid to prevent and treat on infection can improve the prognosis of mothers and infants.Using of tocolytic agents provides the opportunity for the treatment of premature delivery induced by premature rupture of fetal membranes.

  18. Chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN266 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2011-06-27 to 2011-07-27 (NODC Accession 0104365)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104365 includes chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN266 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and...

  19. Genome-Wide Association Analyses in 128,266 Individuals Identifies New Morningness and Sleep Duration Loci

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Samuel E.; Tyrrell, Jessica; Tuke, Marcus A.; Yaghootkar, Hanieh; Hu, Youna; Teder-Laving, Maris; Hayward, Caroline; Roenneberg, Till; Del Greco, Fabiola; Hicks, Andrew A.; Shin, Chol; Metspalu, Andres; Byrne, Enda M.; Gehrman, Philip R.; Tiemeier, Henning; Allebrandt, Karla V.; Murray, Anna; Hinds, David A.

    2016-01-01

    Disrupted circadian rhythms and reduced sleep duration are associated with several human diseases, particularly obesity and type 2 diabetes, but until recently, little was known about the genetic factors influencing these heritable traits. We performed genome-wide association studies of self-reported chronotype (morning/evening person) and self-reported sleep duration in 128,266 white British individuals from the UK Biobank study. Sixteen variants were associated with chronotype (P<5x10-8), including variants near the known circadian rhythm genes RGS16 (1.21 odds of morningness, 95% CI [1.15, 1.27], P = 3x10-12) and PER2 (1.09 odds of morningness, 95% CI [1.06, 1.12], P = 4x10-10). The PER2 signal has previously been associated with iris function. We sought replication using self-reported data from 89,283 23andMe participants; thirteen of the chronotype signals remained associated at P<5x10-8 on meta-analysis and eleven of these reached P<0.05 in the same direction in the 23andMe study. We also replicated 9 additional variants identified when the 23andMe study was used as a discovery GWAS of chronotype (all P<0.05 and meta-analysis P<5x10-8). For sleep duration, we replicated one known signal in PAX8 (2.6 minutes per allele, 95% CI [1.9, 3.2], P = 5.7x10-16) and identified and replicated two novel associations at VRK2 (2.0 minutes per allele, 95% CI [1.3, 2.7], P = 1.2x10-9; and 1.6 minutes per allele, 95% CI [1.1, 2.2], P = 7.6x10-9). Although we found genetic correlation between chronotype and BMI (rG = 0.056, P = 0.05); undersleeping and BMI (rG = 0.147, P = 1x10-5) and oversleeping and BMI (rG = 0.097, P = 0.04), Mendelian Randomisation analyses, with limited power, provided no consistent evidence of causal associations between BMI or type 2 diabetes and chronotype or sleep duration. Our study brings the total number of loci associated with chronotype to 22 and with sleep duration to three, and provides new insights into the biology of sleep and circadian

  20. 我院大肠埃希菌耐药性分析%Analysis of Antimicrobial Resistance of 266 Escherichia Coli

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任晓华; 崔文丽; 张英; 安翠平; 霍卫池; 汤慧芳; 彭雯; 马涛; 何士彦

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the distribution and situation of antimicrobial resistance of escherichia coli isolated from our hospital in 2011, sa as to provide reference for antimicrobial treatment. Methods A total of 266 strains of escherichia coli isolated during Jan. 2011 and Dec. 2011 were retrospectively analyzed according to the source of specimens and drug-resistance. Results The drug resistance to all kinds of antibiotics was strong. The highest resistance rate of escherichia coli was present in cipro-floxacin (83.2%). In gentamicin, cefazolin, cefuroxitne and ceftriaxone, a lower resistance rate of escherichia coli varying from 70% to 80% was confirmed. In levofloxacin, cefotaxime and ampicillin/sulbactam, the resistance rate was between 60% to 70% , and only the resistance rate of Cefoxitin was less than 50%. Conclusion Escherichia coli, isolated from the patients, has shown a high rate of resistance to routine antimicrobial agents, and even has presented multiple antibacterial resistance. So rational use of antimicrobial agents must be emphasized in order to reduce or delay the production of multi-drug resistant strains.%目的 了解我院2011年大肠埃希菌对常用抗菌药物的耐药现状及标本分布,为临床治疗提供依据.方法 对2011年1月~12月临床科室送培标本分离出的266株大肠埃希菌的耐药情况进行回顾性分析.结果 我院分离的266株大肠埃希菌对各类常用抗菌药物均表现为严重耐药,其中环丙沙星的耐药率最高,达83.2%,庆大霉素、头孢唑林钠、头孢呋辛钠和头孢曲松钠耐药率达70%~80%,左氧氟沙星、头孢噻肟钠、氨苄西林/舒巴坦钠的耐药率在60%~70%,仅头孢西丁钠的耐药率低于50%.结论 我院分离的大肠埃希菌耐药严重,且呈多重耐药,故临床必须重视合理使用抗菌药物,以减少或延缓多重耐药菌株的产生.

  1. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 266: Area 25 Building 3124 Leachfield, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 1, February 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    U.S. Department Of Energy, Nevada Operations Office

    1999-02-24

    The Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 266, Area 25 Building 3124 Leachfield, has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order that was agreed to by the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office; the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection; and the U.S. Department of Defense. Corrective Action Unit 266 consists of the Corrective Action Site 25-05-09 sanitary leachfield and associated collection system. This Corrective Action Investigation Plan is used in combination with the Work Plan for Leachfield Corrective Action Units: Nevada Test Site and Tonopah Test Range, Nevada (DOE/NV, 1998d). This Corrective Action Investigation Plan provides investigative details specific to Corrective Action Unit 266. Corrective Action Unit 266 is located southwest of Building 3124 which is located southwest and adjacent to Test Cell A. Test Cell A was operational during the 1960s to test nuclear rocket reactors in support of the Nuclear Rocket Development Station. Operations within Building 3124 from 1962 through the early 1990s resulted in effluent releases to the leachfield and associated collection system. The subsurface soils in the vicinity of the collection system and leachfield may have been impacted by effluent containing contaminants of potential concern generated by support activities associated with Test Cell A reactor testing operations, various laboratories including a high-level radioactivity environmental sample handling laboratory, and possibly the Treatability Test Facility. Based on site history collected to support the Data Quality Objectives process, contaminants of potential concern for the site include radionuclides, oil/diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbons, and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act characteristic volatile organic compounds, semivolatile organic compounds, and metals. Samples will also be analyzed for radionuclides and polychlorinated biphenyls not

  2. Yb-fiber-laser-based, 1.8  W average power, picosecond ultraviolet source at 266  nm

    OpenAIRE

    S Chaitanya Kumar; Canals Casals, J.; Sanchez Bautista, E.; Devi, K; Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

    2015-01-01

    We report a compact, stable, high-power, picosecond ultraviolet (UV) source at 266 nm based on simple single-pass two-step fourth-harmonic generation (FHG) of a mode-locked Yb-fiber laser at 79.5 MHz in LiB3O5 (LBO) and β-BaB2O4. Using a 30-mm-long LBO crystal for single-pass second-harmonic generation, we achieve up to 9.1 W of average green power at 532 nm for 16.8 W of Yb-fiber power at a conversion efficiency of 54% in 16.2 ps pulses with a TEM00 spatial profile and passive power stabilit...

  3. Non-thermal X-ray Emission from the Northwestern Rim of the Galactic Supernova Remnant G266.2-1.2 (RX J0852.0-4622)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pannuti, Thomas G.; Allen, Glenn E.; Filipović, Miroslav D.; De Horta, Ain; Stupar, Milorad; Agrawal, Rashika

    2010-10-01

    We present a detailed spatially resolved spectroscopic analysis of two observations (with a total integration time of 73280 s) made of the X-ray-luminous northwestern rim complex of the Galactic supernova remnant (SNR) G266.2-1.2 (RX J0852.0-4622) with the Chandra X-ray Observatory. G266.2-1.2 is a member of a class of Galactic SNRs which feature X-ray spectra dominated by non-thermal emission: in the cases of these SNRs, the emission is believed to have a synchrotron origin and studies of the X-ray spectra of these SNRs can lend insight into how SNRs accelerate cosmic-ray particles. The Chandra observations have clearly revealed fine structure in this rim complex (including a remarkably well-defined leading shock) and the spectra of these features are dominated by non-thermal emission. We have measured the length scales of the upstream structures at eight positions along the rim and derive lengths of 0.02-0.08 pc (assuming a distance of 750 pc to G266.2-1.2). We have also extracted spectra from seven regions in the rim complex (as sampled by the ACIS-S2, -S3, and -S4 chips) and fit these spectra with such models as a simple power law as well as the synchrotron models SRCUT and SRESC. We have constrained our fits to the latter two models using estimates for the flux densities of these filaments at 1 GHz as determined from radio observations of this rim complex made with the Australia Telescope Compact Array. Statistically acceptable fits to all seven regions are derived using each model: differences in the fit parameters (such as photon index and cutoff frequency) are seen in different regions, which may indicate variations in shock conditions and the maximum energies of the cosmic-ray electrons accelerated at each region. Finally, we estimate the maximum energy of cosmic-ray electrons accelerated along this rim complex to be approximately 40 TeV (corresponding to one of the regions of the leading shock structure assuming a magnetic field strength of 10 μG). We

  4. A non-plume model for the Permian protracted (266-286 Ma) basaltic magmatism in the Beishan-Tianshan region, Xinjiang, Western China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Sheng-Chao; Li, Chusi; Qin, Ke-Zhang; Tang, Dong-Mei

    2016-07-01

    The convenient mantle plume model for the Permian protracted mafic-ultramafic intrusions and mafic dykes (266-286 Ma) in the Beishan-Tianshan region, northern Xinjiang, western China can be rejected, because their temporal-spatial distribution does not show a hotspot track predicted by such model. New zircon U-Pb ages reveal that two small mafic dyke clusters (Podong, 280.5 ± 2 Ma; Luodong, 266.2 ± 3.2 Ma) that are separated by only ~ 20 km in the Pobei area, the southernmost part of the Beishan-Tianshan region, have a large age difference of ~ 18 Ma. The older mafic dykes are characterized by nearly flat mantle-normalized rare-earth-element patterns, pronounced negative Nb-Ta anomalies and positive εNd(t) values from 5.5 to 7.5, similar to the majority of the Permian mafic-ultramafic intrusions in the region. The younger mafic dykes are characterized by significant light rare-earth-element enrichments as well as pronounced negative Nb-Ta anomalies, plus lower εNd(t) (- 1.2 to 2.6) values and higher initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios than the older mafic dykes. The observed compositional variations can be explained by source mantle heterogeneity plus different degrees of crustal contamination. Overall, the Permian mafic-ultramafic rocks in the Beishan-Tianshan region are geochemically consistent with the products of basaltic magmatism induced by lithospheric delamination and asthenosphere upwelling in a convergent tectonic zone.

  5. ANGPTL4 variants E40K and T266M are associated with lower fasting triglyceride levels in Non-Hispanic White Americans from the Look AHEAD Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pownall Henry J

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Elevated triglyceride levels are a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (Angptl4 is a metabolic factor that raises plasma triglyceride levels by inhibiting lipoprotein lipase (LPL. In non-diabetic individuals, the ANGPTL4 coding variant E40K has been associated with lower plasma triglyceride levels while the T266M variant has been associated with more modest effects on triglyceride metabolism. The objective of this study was to determine whether ANGPTL4 E40K and T266M are associated with triglyceride levels in the setting of obesity and T2D, and whether modification of triglyceride levels by these genetic variants is altered by a lifestyle intervention designed to treat T2D. Methods The association of ANGPTL4 E40K and T266M with fasting triglyceride levels was investigated in 2,601 participants from the Look AHEAD Clinical Trial, all of whom had T2D and were at least overweight. Further, we tested for an interaction between genotype and treatment effects on triglyceride levels. Results Among non-Hispanic White Look AHEAD participants, ANGPTL4 K40 carriers had mean triglyceride levels of 1.61 ± 0.62 mmol/L, 0.33 mmol/L lower than E40 homozygotes (p = 0.001. Individuals homozygous for the minor M266 allele (MAF 30% had triglyceride levels of 1.75 ± 0.58 mmol/L, 0.24 mmol/L lower than T266 homozygotes (p = 0.002. The association of the M266 with triglycerides remained significant even after removing K40 carriers from the analysis (p = 0.002. There was no interaction between the weight loss intervention and genotype on triglyceride levels. Conclusions This is the first study to demonstrate that the ANGPTL4 E40K and T266M variants are associated with lower triglyceride levels in the setting of T2D. In addition, our findings demonstrate that ANGPTL4 genotype status does not alter triglyceride response to a lifestyle intervention in the Look AHEAD study.

  6. Assessment of CD4+ T cell responses to glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 using DQ8 tetramers reveals a pathogenic role of GAD65 121-140 and GAD65 250-266 in T1D development.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I-Ting Chow

    Full Text Available Susceptibility to type 1 diabetes (T1D is strongly associated with MHC class II molecules, particularly HLA-DQ8 (DQ8: DQA1*03:01/DQB1*03:02. Monitoring T1D-specific T cell responses to DQ8-restricted epitopes may be key to understanding the immunopathology of the disease. In this study, we examined DQ8-restricted T cell responses to glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65 using DQ8 tetramers. We demonstrated that GAD65 121-140 and GAD65 250-266 elicited responses from DQ8+ subjects. Circulating CD4+ T cells specific for these epitopes were detected significantly more often in T1D patients than in healthy individuals after in vitro expansion. T cell clones specific for GAD65 121-140 and GAD65 250-266 carried a Th1-dominant phenotype, with some of the GAD65 121-140-specific T cell clones producing IL-17. GAD65 250-266-specific CD4+ T cells could also be detected by direct ex vivo staining. Analysis of unmanipulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs revealed that GAD65 250-266-specific T cells could be found in both healthy and diabetic individuals but the frequencies of specific T cells were higher in subjects with type 1 diabetes. Taken together, our results suggest a proinflammatory role for T cells specific for DQ8-restricted GAD65 121-140 and GAD65 250-266 epitopes and implicate their possible contribution to the progression of T1D.

  7. Removal of copper oxide from copper surfaces using Q-switched Nd:YAG radiation at 1064 nm, 532 nm, and 266 nm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Aileen; Fischer, C.; Watkins, Kenneth G.; Glasmacher, Mathias; Steen, William M.; Kheyrandish, H.; Brown, A.

    1997-08-01

    During electronic device fabrication it is necessary to remove the oxides from copper surfaces prior to soldering in order to improve the surface wetability and achieve a good quality solder joint. The usual method of achieving this is by using acids in a flux. The work reported here explores the possibility of removing these oxides by laser cleaning using the harmonics of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser, a technique which could be incorporated into a industrial laser soldering process. The effect of Q-switched Nd:YAG radiation (5 - 10 ns pulses), at 1064 nm, 532 nm and 266 nm, on the oxidized surface of a copper alloy foil is studied with increasing fluence. In order to successfully compare the effect of increasing fluence at the three wavelengths each area treated was only subjected to one laser pulse. The laser treated surfaces were characterized using optical microscopy, SEM, and surface analysis performed by static secondary ion mass spectrometry (SSIMS). SSIMS and SNMS (secondary neutral mass spectrometry) with mechanical depth profilometry were used to characterize the oxide layer. The reflectivity of the oxidized plates for the three wavelengths was ascertained using a reflectivity spectrometer. Successful cleaning was achieved at all wavelengths, above certain threshold values which defined the lower end of the process operating window for single pulse operation. The threshold for the cleaning process decreased with laser wavelength. Surface melting was evident at the lowest fluences examined for all the wavelengths (< .5 J/cm2). This value is well below the lower end of the process windows of all wavelengths. Microscopic `explosive' features were found at the onset of copper oxide removal possibly resulting from ionization or a plasma induced shock waves. There was some possible evidence of mechanical effects at 1064 nm and 532 nm. Large amounts of sputtered debris was found around the 266 nm craters. A SSIMS analysis was performed on the 532 nm spots. The

  8. Solvent dependent branching between C-I and C-Br bond cleavage following 266 nm excitation of CH2BrI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is well known that ultraviolet photoexcitation of halomethanes results in halogen-carbon bond cleavage. Each halogen-carbon bond has a dominant ultraviolet (UV) absorption that promotes an electron from a nonbonding halogen orbital (nX) to a carbon-halogen antibonding orbital (σ*C-X). UV absorption into specific transitions in the gas phase results primarily in selective cleavage of the corresponding carbon-halogen bond. In the present work, broadband ultrafast UV-visible transient absorption studies of CH2BrI reveal a more complex photochemistry in solution. Transient absorption spectra are reported spanning the range from 275 nm to 750 nm and 300 fs to 3 ns following excitation of CH2BrI at 266 nm in acetonitrile, 2-butanol, and cyclohexane. Channels involving formation of CH2Br + I radical pairs, iso-CH2Br-I, and iso-CH2I-Br are identified. The solvent environment has a significant influence on the branching ratios, and on the formation and stability of iso-CH2Br-I. Both iso-CH2Br-I and iso-CH2I-Br are observed in cyclohexane with a ratio of ∼2.8:1. In acetonitrile this ratio is 7:1 or larger. The observation of formation of iso-CH2I-Br photoproduct as well as iso-CH2Br-I following 266 nm excitation is a novel result that suggests complexity in the dissociation mechanism. We also report a solvent and concentration dependent lifetime of iso-CH2Br-I. At low concentrations the lifetime is >4 ns in acetonitrile, 1.9 ns in 2-butanol and ∼1.4 ns in cyclohexane. These lifetimes decrease with higher initial concentrations of CH2BrI. The concentration dependence highlights the role that intermolecular interactions can play in the quenching of unstable isomers of dihalomethanes

  9. Epidemiology, Pathological Characteristics and Estrogen and Progesterone Receptor Status of Operated Cases of Female Breast Cancer: A Retrospective Review of 266 Cases from Kerala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vettuparambil, Ajith; Rajan, Gautham; Chirukandath, Ravindran; Culas, Terence B

    2015-12-01

    Breast cancer is presently the most common cancer among women in Kerala, in Southern India. The objectives of this study were to analyze the epidemiology and pathological characteristics of female breast carcinoma in Kerala. 266 patients who were diagnosed with operable breast cancer between April 2009 and June 2010 were studied. Various pathological characteristics including stage, grade, axillary lymph nodal status, tumor size, and estrogen and progesterone receptor status were studied. Estrogen and progesterone receptor status were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Chi-square test and frequency tables were used for statistical analysis. The mean age at presentation was 50 years. 48.9 % of the patients were premenopausal. 53.76 % had grade II tumors. Positive axillary lymph nodes were found in 70.3 % patients, and 68 % presented with stage II disease. 54.13 % were ER positive and 62 % were PR positive. The relatively young age at diagnosis, late presentation of the disease, and lower estrogen and progesterone receptor expression compared to patients from the West point toward the need for better breast cancer awareness and screening programmes in Kerala. PMID:27065660

  10. Planck Early Results XXVI: Detection with Planck and confirmation by XMM-Newton of PLCK G266.6-27.3, an exceptionally X-ray luminous and massive galaxy cluster at z~1

    CERN Document Server

    Aghanim, N; Atrio-Barandela, F; Aumont, J; Baccigalupi, C; Balbi, A; Banday, A J; Bartlett, J G; Battaner, E; Benabed, K; Bernard, J -P; Bersanelli, M; Bhatia, R; Böhringer, H; Bonaldi, A; Bond, J R; Borgani, S; Borrill, J; Bouchet, F R; Brown, M L; Burigana, C; Cabella, P; Carvalho, P; Chiang, L -Y; Chiang, C; Chon, G; Churazov, E; Colafrancesco, S; Colombi, S; Crill, B P; Cuttaia, F; Da Silva, A; Dahle, H; Danese, L; D'Arcangelo, O; Davis, R J; de Bernardis, P; de Gasperis, G; de Zotti, G; Delabrouille, J; Delouis, J -M; Démoclès, J; Désert, F -X; Dickinson, C; Diego, J M; Dole, H; Donzelli, S; Doré, O; Douspis, M; Dupac, X; Efstathiou, G; En\\sslin, T A; Eriksen, H K; Finelli, F; Flores-Cacho, I; Forni, O; Fosalba, P; Fromenteau, S; Ganga, K; Génova-Santos, R T; Giard, M; González-Nuevo, J; González-Riestra, R; Górski, K M; Gregorio, A; Harrison, D; Heinämäki, P; Hernández-Monteagudo, C; Hildebrandt, S R; Hivon, E; Hurier, G; Jones, W C; Juvela, M; Keskitalo, R; Kneissl, R; Kurki-Suonio, H; Lamarre, J -M; Lasenby, A; Jeune, M Le; Leach, S; Leonardi, R; Leroy, C; Liddle, A; Lilje, P B; López-Caniego, M; Luzzi, G; Macías-Pérez, J F; Maino, D; Marleau, F; Martínez-González, E; Masi, S; Matarrese, S; Mazzotta, P; Meinhold, P R; Melchiorri, A; Melin, J -B; Mendes, L; Mennella, A; Miville-Deschênes, M -A; Moneti, A; Montier, L; Morgante, G; Munshi, D; Naselsky, P; Natoli, P; Nevalainen, J; Norgaard-Nielsen, H U; Noviello, F; O'Dwyer, I J; Paladini, R; Pasian, F; Patanchon, G; Pearson, T J; Perdereau, O; Piacentini, F; Pierpaoli, E; Piffaretti, R; Pointecouteau, E; Polenta, G; Ponthieu, N; Popa, L; Pratt, G W; Prézeau, G; Prunet, S; Rachen, J P; Rebolo, R; Reinecke, M; Ricciardi, S; Riller, T; Rubiño-Martín, J A; Saar, E; Savini, G; Scott, D; Smoot, G F; Sutton, D; Sygnet, J -F; Tauber, J A; Terenzi, L; Toffolatti, L; Tristram, M; Türler, M; Valenziano, L; Vielva, P; Villa, F; Vittorio, N; Wade, L A; Wandelt, B D; White, M; Yvon, D; Zacchei, A; Zonca, A

    2011-01-01

    We present first results on PLCK G266.6-27.3, a galaxy cluster candidate detected at a signal-to-noise ratio of 5 in the Planck All Sky survey. An XMM-Newton validation observation has allowed us to confirm that the candidate is a bona fide galaxy cluster. With these X-ray data we measure an accurate redshift, z = 0.94 +/- 0.02, and estimate the cluster mass to be M_500 = (7.8 +/- 0.8)e+14 solar masses. PLCK G266.6-27.3 is an exceptional system: its luminosity of L_X(0.5-2.0 keV)=(1.4 +/- 0.05)e+45 erg/s, equals that of the two most luminous known clusters in the z > 0.5 universe, and it is one of the most massive clusters at z~1. Moreover, unlike the majority of high redshift clusters, PLCK G266.6-27.3 appears to be highly relaxed. This observation confirms Planck's capability to detect high redshift, high mass clusters, and opens the way to the systematic study of population evolution in the exponential tail of the mass function.

  11. Planck early results. XXVI. Detection with Planck and confirmation by XMM-Newton of PLCK G266.6-27.3, an exceptionally X-ray luminous and massive galaxy cluster at z ~ 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Delabrouille, J.; Le Jeune, M.; Patanchon, G.;

    2011-01-01

    We present first results on PLCKG266.6-27.3, a galaxy cluster candidate detected at a signal-to-noise ratio of 5 in the Planck All Sky survey. An XMM-Newton validation observation has allowed us to confirm that the candidate isa bona fide galaxy cluster. With these X-ray data we measure an accurate...... redshift, z = 0.94 ± 0.02, and estimate the cluster mass to be M 500 = (7.8 ± 0.8) × 1014 M. PLCKG266.6-27.3 is an exceptional system: its luminosity of LX [0.5-2.0 keV] = (1.4 ± 0.05) × 1045 erg s-1 equals that of the two most luminous known clusters in the z > 0.5 universe, and it is one of the most...... massive clusters at z ~ 1. Moreover, unlike the majority of high-redshift clusters, PLCKG266.6-27.3 appears to be highly relaxed. This observation confirms Planck's capability of detecting high-redshift, high-mass clusters, and opens the way to the systematic study of population evolution...

  12. Direct spectral analysis of tea samples using 266 nm UV pulsed laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and cross validation of LIBS results with ICP-MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondal, M A; Habibullah, Y B; Baig, Umair; Oloore, L E

    2016-05-15

    Tea is one of the most common and popular beverages spanning vast array of cultures all over the world. The main nutritional benefits of drinking tea are its anti-oxidant properties, presumed protection against certain cancers, inhibition of inflammation and possible protective effects against diabetes. Laser induced breakdown spectrometer (LIBS) was assembled as a powerful tool for qualitative and quantitative analysis of various brands of tea samples using 266 nm pulsed UV laser. LIBS spectra for six brands of tea samples in the wavelength range of 200-900 nm was recorded and all elements present in our tea samples were identified. The major toxic elements detected in several brands of tea samples were bromine, chromium and minerals like iron, calcium, potassium and silicon. The spectral assignment was conducted prior to the determination of concentration of each element. For quantitative analysis, calibration curves were drawn for each element using standard samples prepared in known concentration in the tea matrix. The plasma parameters (electron temperature and electron density) were also determined prior to the tea samples spectroscopic analysis. The concentration of iron, chromium, potassium, bromine, copper, silicon and calcium detected in all tea samples was between 378-656, 96-124, 1421-6785, 99-1476, 17-36, 2-11 and 92-130 mg L(-1) respectively. The limits of detection estimated for Fe, Cr, K, Br, Cu, Si, Ca in tea samples were 22, 12, 14, 11, 6, 1 and 12 mg L(-1) respectively. To further confirm the accuracy of our LIBS results, we determined the concentration of each element present in tea samples by using standard analytical technique like ICP-MS. The concentrations detected with our LIBS system are in excellent agreement with ICP-MS results. The system assembled for spectral analysis in this work could be highly applicable for testing the quality and purity of food and also pharmaceuticals products. PMID:26992530

  13. BBO四倍频全固态Nd:YVO4紫外激光器%ALL-SOLID-STATE Nd:YVO4 UV LASER AT 266nm BY FOURTH HARMONIC USING A BBO CRYSTAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何京良; 卢兴强; 贾玉磊; 满宝元; 祝世宁; 朱永元

    2000-01-01

    报道了用BBO晶体对激光二极管抽运Nd:YVO4晶体声光调Q产生的1.064μm激光进行四倍频,实现平均功率为63mW准连续波266nm紫外激光运转,重复频率为12.5kHz、单脉冲能量5μJ、峰值功率达252W,绿光-紫外光转换效率达11%.

  14. New Dimensional Staging of Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw Allowing a Guided Surgical Treatment Protocol: Long-Term Follow-Up of 266 Lesions in Neoplastic and Osteoporotic Patients from the University of Bari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simonetta Franco

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ is the most serious side effect in patients receiving bisphosphonates (BPs for neoplastic disease and osteoporosis. The aim of this study is to propose a new dimensional stage classification, guiding the surgical treatment of BRONJ patients, and to evaluate the success rate of this new management. From 2004 to 2013, 203 neoplastic and osteoporotic patients with 266 BRONJ lesions were referred to the Odontostomatology Unit of the University of Bari. All patients underwent surgery after suspension of BPs therapy and antibiotic treatment. The surgical procedure was complemented by piezosurgery and followed by the application of hyaluronate and amino acids. The new dimensional staging suggests the choice of the surgical approach, and allows the prediction of postoperative complications and soft and hard tissues healing time, guiding the surgical treatment protocol. This protocol could be a successful management strategy for BRONJ, considering the low recurrences rate and the good stabilisation of the surgical sites observed after a long-term follow-up.

  15. 奉贤区13266例围产儿出生缺陷分析%Analysis on 13 266 perinatal infants with birth defects in Fengxian district

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾维红

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解奉贤区出生缺陷发生情况、分布特征、影响因素,为降低出生缺陷发生制定干预措施提供依据.方法:采用回顾性方法对2008年1月1日~2009年12月31日奉贤区13 266例监测围产儿进行分析.结果:①奉贤区两年间出生缺陷儿188例,出生缺陷率为14.17%;②出生缺陷前5位分别是先天性心脏病、多指(趾)、总唇裂、血管瘤和神经管畸形;③出生缺陷发生在男女性别、户籍、出生时间方面差异无统计学意义,但与孕妇年龄有关(x2=7.517,P<0.05);④出生缺陷儿死亡与非出生缺陷儿死亡差异有统计学意义(x2=1 345.85,P<0.001);⑤产前诊断及治疗性终止妊娠可降低活产婴儿的出生缺陷发生率,并使出生缺陷顺位发生改变.结论:出生缺陷发生与孕妇年龄有关,与性别、受孕时间、户籍无关;出生缺陷儿死亡是围产儿死亡的主要原因;做好三级预防是降低出生缺陷发生,降低围产儿死亡率的重要措施.%Objective: To understand the occurrence, distribution characteristics and effect factors of birth defects in Fengxian distriet, provide a basis for making intervention measures to reduce the occurrence of birth defects. Methods: A retrospective method was adopted to analyze 13 266 perinatal infants in Fengxian district from January 1,2008 to December 31,2009. Results: From 2008 to 2009,188 perinatal infants with birth defects were born in Fengxian district, the incidence of birth defects was 14. 17‰; the first five birth defects were congenital heart disease, polydaetylism, total cleft lip, hemangioma and neural tube defect; there was no significant difference in incidences of birth defects between the perinatal infants with different genders, census registers and times of birth, but the incidences of birth defects were related to maternal age (x2 = 7. 517, P < 0. 05 ); there was significant difference in perinatal mortality between the perinatal infants with birth

  16. 24 CFR 266.205 - Ineligible projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... services such as room service for food and beverages, maid service, furnishing and laundering of linens, or... kitchens and dining rooms with food service or mandatory services. (d) Nursing homes or intermediate care facilities. Nursing homes and intermediate care facilities licensed and regulated by State or...

  17. 7 CFR 1822.266 - Limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PRIMARILY FOR REAL ESTATE PURPOSES RURAL HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Housing Site Loan Policies... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE... be for housing low- and moderate-income families and may be sold to families, nonprofit...

  18. 24 CFR 266.200 - Eligible projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... being collected at unassisted projects in the market area that are similar in amenities and location to... assistance agreement or the unit rents being collected at unassisted projects in the market that are...

  19. 24 CFR 266.515 - Record retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Project Management... insurance remains in force. (b) Defaults and claims. Records pertaining to a mortgage default and claim...

  20. 29 CFR 1910.266 - Logging operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... operations near overhead electric lines shall be done in accordance with the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.333.... Signaling and signal equipment 8. Overhead electric lines 9. Flammable and combustible liquids 10... the direction of the tree fall and to prevent splitting or kickback. Vehicle. A car, bus,...

  1. 39 CFR 266.9 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Records, USPS 500.300; Inspection Service Investigative File System, USPS 700.000; Mail Cover Program... Management Records, USPS 500.300; Inspection Service Investigative File System, USPS 700.000; Mail Cover... File System, USPS 700.000; and Inspector General Investigative Records, USPS 700.300 are exempt...

  2. 24 CFR 266.500 - General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Project Management...

  3. 38 CFR 26.6 - Environmental documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations, 40 CFR part 1502. An environmental impact statement shall be prepared in accordance with the...) Potential for degradation, although slight, or existing poor environmental conditions; (iv) Use of unproven... (head of the VA element) will prepare an environmental assessment (CEQ Regulations, 40 CFR...

  4. Systematic study of Bh isotopes in a relativistic mean field formalism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The binding energy, charge radius, and quadrupole deformation parameter for the isotopic chain of the superheavy element bohrium (107Bh), from proton to neutron drip line, are calculated by using an axially deformed relativistic mean field model. The potential energy surfaces for some of the selected nuclei are plotted and the various possible shapes are investigated. The rms radii, density distributions, and two-neutron separation energies are also evaluated and the single-particle energies for some illustrative cases are analyzed to see the magic structures. Furthermore, the α-decay rates are calculated and compared with the available experimental data for the recently observed new isotopes 266,267Bh

  5. Effect of ZrO2 in HfO2 on the Reflectance of HfO2/SiO2 Multilayer for Deep Ultraviolet Mirrors%HfO2中ZrO2含量对266nm HfO2/SiO2多层膜反射率的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁景梅; 范瑞瑛; 杨健; 邵建达; 范正修

    2004-01-01

    用两种不同纯度的HfO2材料与同一纯度的SiO2材料组合,沉积λ/4规整膜系(HL)11H形成266 nm的紫外反射镜,发现反射率相差0.7%左右.用X光电子能谱法分析了高反膜中表层HfO2中的成分,发现ZrO2的含量相差一个数量级左右.为确定形成这种差别的原因,用辉光放电质谱法测定了这两种HfO2材料中锆(Zr)及其钛(Ti)、铁(Fe)的含量,发现Zr是其中的最主要的杂质,两种HfO2材料中Zr含量有一个数量级的差别.说明在266 nm波段,HfO2中ZrO2的含量会对HfO2/SiO2高反膜的反射率造成影响.根据HfO2单层膜的光谱曲线,推算出了这两种材料的消光系数的差别,并用Tfcalc膜系设计软件进行理论和镀制结果的模拟,得到与实验测试一致的结果.

  6. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  7. Dicty_cDB: VHA266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available GS-28-01-01-1P6-2P0KB marine metagenome genomic clone 1061002356772 3', genomic survey...rine metagenome genomic clone 1061005731710 3', genomic survey sequence. 62 1e-14 2 EK163249 |EK163249.1 109...clone 1061005731710 5', genomic survey sequence. 62 1e-14 2 EJ250666 |EJ250666.1 1095344030991 Global-Ocean-...Sampling_GS-27-01-01-1P8-2P0KB marine metagenome genomic clone 1061005477347 5', genomic survey sequence. 48...nomic clone 1061005784059 5', genomic survey sequence. 68 3e-10 3 EJ059409 |EJ059

  8. 40 CFR Appendix IV to Part 266 - Reference Air Concentrations*

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-36-0 0.3 Barium 7440-39-3 50 Barium Cyanide 542-62-1 50 Bromomethane 74-83-9 0.8 Calcium Cyanide 592...-Dichlorophenol 120-83-2 3 Diethyl Phthalate 84-66-2 800 Dimethoate 60-51-5 0.8 2,4-Dinitrophenol 51-28-5 2...-Trichlorobenzene 120-82-1 20 Trichloromonofluoromethane 75-69-4 300 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 95-95-4 100...

  9. Dicty_cDB: SSL266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NXGDRXNVYXDFSYFFFFFKKKKQTKQVYFHFFFFKKKAIL S*minkeiffqfinpikl*iiniffiqkkkkkkk Translated Amino Acid sequence ...FSYFFFFFKKKKQTKQVYFHFFFFKKKAIL S*minkeiffqfinpikl*iiniffiqkkkkkkk Frame C: qiinth

  10. Dicty_cDB: SHK266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available S Schistosoma japonicum cDNA, mRNA sequence. 56 0.001 1 CV682907 |CV682907.1 service43_H06_sjs2-16-2B11-T3 S...JS Schistosoma japonicum cDNA, mRNA sequence. 56 0.001 1 CV682854 |CV682854.1 service30_G09_sjs2-14-10C09-T3

  11. 40 CFR 35.266 - Maintenance of effort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... maintain its aggregate expenditures from all other sources for programs for controlling nonpoint pollution and improving the quality of the State's waters at or above the average level of such expenditures...

  12. 40 CFR 266.106 - Standards to control metals emissions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... height (Ha) may not exceed good engineering practice as specified in 40 CFR 51.100(ii). (iii) If the TESH... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards to control metals emissions... Standards to control metals emissions. (a) General. The owner or operator must comply with the...

  13. 78 FR 266 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, GA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-03

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, GA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Appalachian Broadcasting... Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting....

  14. Dicty_cDB: CHC266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ---RILINKEIQNF*xq*hlgqfqxnglyfxtkxfg*xgxhyqskgc*w*kxhsigxccw ccnxix*qxkrxqxtxikiftsexnl*slxrsxkxxltrxgxfgne...gsnltnctk*nske*ifkqrntiyqqivypf--- ---RILINKEIQNF*xq*hlgqfqxnglyfxtkxfg*xgxhyqskgc*w*kxhsigxccw ccnxix*qxkrx

  15. 40 CFR 266.102 - Permit standards for burners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... with the organic emissions standards—(i) DRE standard. Operating conditions will be specified either on... alternative data as specified in § 270.22) to be sufficient to comply with the destruction and removal... conditions to ensure conformance with the particulate matter standard shall not be provided for...

  16. Dicty_cDB: CHG266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available rus (swine/Cotes d'Armor/1515/99 (H1N1)) partial N1NA gene for Neuraminidase, gen...omic RNA. 42 0.66 2 AJ410883 |AJ410883.1 Influenza A virus (swine/Cotes d'Armor/1482/99 (H1N1)) partial N1NA

  17. 40 CFR 60.266 - Test methods and procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) When sampling emissions from open electric submerged arc furnaces with wet scrubber control devices, sealed electric submerged arc furnaces, or semienclosed electric arc furnaces, the sampling time and... effluent gas from exhaust stream “i”, dscm/hr (dscf/hr). P=average furnace power input, MW....

  18. Dicty_cDB: VFA266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 16 3 BG131085 |BG131085.1 EST463977 tomato crown gall Lycopersicon esculentum cDNA clone cTOE2D11 5' sequenc...37 |BG133537.1 EST466525 tomato crown gall Lycopersicon esculentum cDNA clone cTOE13N15 5' sequence, mRNA se

  19. 75 FR 266 - Customs and Border Protection's Bond Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    .... Customs and Border Protection on March 31, 2007 (see 72 FR 20131, dated April 23, 2007). As a consequence... Treasury Department Order No. 165 Revised, as amended (T.D. 53654, 19 FR 7241, November 6, 1954), may by... SECURITY Bureau of Customs and Border Protection DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY 19 CFR Parts 101, 113, and...

  20. Dicty_cDB: AFH266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tabacum glutamate decarboxylase isozyme 3 mRNA, complete cds. 58 2e-07 2 CK273593 |CK273593.1 EST719671 potato abiotic...53 |CD008053.1 VVB082D05_335234 An expressed sequence tag database for abiotic st...07 2 CD006712 |CD006712.1 VVB066D06_332552 An expressed sequence tag database for abiotic stressed leaves of...nce. 64 4e-07 2 CD719214 |CD719214.1 VVB158G03_410335 An expressed sequence tag database for abiotic stresse

  1. 40 CFR 266.80 - Applicability and requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... § 262.11, and either must comply with 40 CFR part 262, subpart H (if shipping to one of the OECD... requirements in 40 CFR part 262, subpart H (if shipping to one of the OECD countries specified in 40 CFR 262.58... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Applicability and requirements....

  2. Dicty_cDB: SSI266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 6.1 KS09080H10 KS09 Capsicum annuum cDNA, mRNA sequence. 38 4e-04 3 CB080831 |CB080831.1 qp48g09.b1 Hedyotis... terminalis flower - Stage 2 (NYBG) Hedyotis terminalis cDNA clone qp48g09, mRNA sequence. 56 4e-04 1 CA5172

  3. 24 CFR 266.630 - Partial payment of claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Contract... percentage of the risk of loss or 50 percent. (3) HFA second mortgage. Repayment of the relief provided...

  4. 20 CFR 266.7 - Accountability of a representative payee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... felony or misdemeanor offense under the statutes administered by the Board or by the Social Security... responsibility for the care of the annuitant. If the representative payee does not give the Board the requested... determines that the payee had a good reason for not complying with the Board's request, and the...

  5. 40 CFR 266.112 - Regulation of residues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... complies with alternative levels defined as the land disposal restriction limits specified in § 268.43 of... disposal restriction limits specified in § 268.43 of this chapter for F039 nonwastewaters, remains in... boiler or industrial furnace unit. At a minimum, the following shall be recorded. (1) Levels...

  6. Dicty_cDB: SFJ266 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tpvqyenvkstvpaifdiai tiktdaknti*neindniyasndhrx*txxxxixxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxlxxxxxx--...k*iinmmnptktir**inwy*ksge*yqyy*ytcti*kc*insssni*hcyy hkn*c*kyhik*nq**yicfk*psxmnxtxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  7. 77 FR 266 - Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of New Shipper Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    ..., 1994. See Antidumping Duty Order: Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China, 59 FR 59209... International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of New Shipper...) under the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the People's Republic of China (PRC), meet...

  8. 26 CFR 1.401(a)(26)-6 - Excludable employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...), in testing a plan that benefits employees of one qualified separate line of business, the employees... a qualified separate line of business). The rule in this paragraph (b)(8) does not apply to a plan... (b)(7), the term “hour of service” has the same meaning as set forth in 29 CFR 2530.200b-2 under...

  9. 40 CFR Appendix V to Part 266 - Risk Specific Doses (10−5)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...)pyrene 50-32-8 3.3E−03 3.0E−03 Beryllium 7440-41-7 2.4E−03 4.2E−03 Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether 111-44-4 3.3E... Hydrazine 60-34-4 3.1E−04 3.2E−02 Methylene Chloride 75-09-2 4.1E−06 2.4E+00 4,4′-Methylene-bis-2...-Trichlorophenol 88-06-2 5.7E−06 1.8E+00 Toxaphene 8001-35-2 3.2E−04 3.1E−02 Vinyl Chloride 75-01-4 7.1E−06 1.4E+00...

  10. 24 CFR 266.606 - Mortgage insurance premium: Duration and method of paying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgage insurance premium... HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS... AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Contract Rights and Obligations Mortgage Insurance Premiums §...

  11. 29 CFR 779.266 - Methods of computing annual volume of sales or business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Methods of computing annual volume of sales or business... sales or business. (a) No computations of annual gross dollar volume are necessary to determine coverage... business are known by the employers to be substantially in excess or substantially under the minimum...

  12. 20 CFR 266.11 - Conservation and investment of benefit payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... account in a bank, trust company, credit union, or savings and loan association which is insured under... invested in accordance with the rules applicable to investment of trust estates by trustees. Any investment must show clearly that the representative payee holds the property in trust for the annuitant....

  13. 40 CFR 266.205 - Standards applicable to the storage of solid waste military munitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... hazardous waste characteristic or are listed as hazardous waste under 40 CFR Part 261, are listed or identified as a hazardous waste (and thus are subject to regulation under 40 CFR Parts 260 through 279... waste military munitions as hazardous wastes with regard to transportation, treatment or disposal....

  14. 78 FR 4353 - Proposed Amendment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Route T-266; AK

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... ``significant rule'' under Department of Transportation (DOT) Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... read as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959... Alaska by removing two non-directional beacons (NDB) as the navigation signal source and replacing...

  15. 7 CFR 2.66 - Administrator, Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... productivity; development of new food, fiber, and energy sources; agricultural energy use and production; natural resources; promotion of the health and welfare of people; human nutrition; and international food...)). (65) Administer a nutrition education program for Food Stamp recipients and for the distribution...

  16. 40 CFR 266.203 - Standards applicable to the transportation of solid waste military munitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... under 40 CFR parts 260 through 270), unless all the following conditions are met: (i) The waste military... military munitions; (iii) The waste military munitions must be transported from a military owned or... shipping controls applicable to the transport of military munitions referenced in paragraph (a)(1)(ii)...

  17. Study of multi-photon ionization mass spectra of triethylamine at the laser of 266 nm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the four-harmonic YAG laser as excitation source, studying on the process of resonance-enhanced two-photon ionization of triethylamine, the time-of-flight mass spectra of triethylamine is obtained. Parent ion and fragment ion reach as much as 29 kinds. Analyzing the abnormal variation of (C2H5)2N+ CH2(86+) show that when the signal ions' intensity are very strong, the 25-times instantaneous deceleration effort of 25 kinds of ions before 86+ are stronger than 3-times deceleration effort of 3 kinds of ions after 86+. (authors)

  18. The NMR restraints grid at BMRB for 5,266 protein and nucleic acid PDB entries.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doreleijers, J.F.; Vranken, W.F.; Schulte, C.; Lin, J.; Wedell, J.R.; Penkett, C.J.; Vuister, G.W.; Vriend, G.; Markley, J.L.; Ulrich, E.L.

    2009-01-01

    Several pilot experiments have indicated that improvements in older NMR structures can be expected by applying modern software and new protocols (Nabuurs et al. in Proteins 55:483-186, 2004; Nederveen et al. in Proteins 59:662-672, 2005; Saccenti and Rosato in J Biomol NMR 40:251-261, 2008). A recen

  19. People and things. CERN Courier, Jul-Aug 1986, v. 26(6)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article reports on achievements of various people, staff changes and position opportunities within the CERN organization and contains news updates on upcoming or past events. This year's American Physical Society (APS) awards were distributed at the Spring meeting in Washington in April. The Fermilab Industrial Affiliates organization was established to improve university-industry research communications and to foster technology transfer from Fermilab. The Joliot-Curie School of Nuclear Physics will be held from 15-19 September at Maubuisson, France. It is aimed at all nuclear physicists, experimental and theoretical, with a special effort to cater for nonspecialists.; Recently published by Cambridge University Press in the UK is the 'Story of the W and Z', a first-hand account of the discovery at CERN in 1983 of the carriers of the weak force. Though the vision of a 'world' accelerator stays beyond the horizon, the International Committee for Future Accelerators (ICFA) does continue to provide a forum for inter regional cooperation on front line research and technology in particle physics

  20. 40 CFR Appendix Ix to Part 266 - Methods Manual for Compliance With the BIF Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... furnace sites as urban or rural in order to set risk-based emission limits under subpart H of 40 CFR part... analysis. Table 6.0-1 summarizes the simplified approach for classifying areas as urban or rural. As shown...) Rural. A4 Undeveloped (Heavily Wooded) Rural. A5 Water Surfaces Rural. 1 EPA, Guideline on Air...

  1. 40 CFR 266.320 - What treatment standards must your eligible waste meet?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... waste meet? Your LLMW or eligible NARM waste must meet Land Disposal Restriction (LDR) treatment... (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Conditional Exemption for Low-Level Mixed Waste...

  2. 40 CFR 266.210 - What definitions apply to this subpart?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... waste in accordance with 40 CFR 261.3, “Definition of Hazardous Waste.” Land Disposal Restriction (LDR... before it can be disposed of in a RCRA hazardous waste land disposal unit. License means a license issued... allowed by State NARM regulations to be disposed of at a low-level radioactive waste disposal...

  3. Properties of Group Five and Group Seven transactinium elements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilk, Philip A.

    2001-05-01

    The detection and positive identification of the short-lived, low cross section isotopes used in the chemical studies of the heaviest elements are usually accomplished by measuring their alpha-decay, thus the nuclear properties of the heaviest elements must be examined simultaneously with their chemical properties. The isotopes 224 Pa and 266,267 Bh have been studied extensively as an integral part of the investigation of the heaviest members of the groups five and seven of the periodic table. The half-life of 224 Pa was determined to be 855 plus/minus19 ms by measuring its alpha-decay using our rotating wheel, solid state detector system at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 88-Inch Cyclotron. Protactinium was produced by bombardment of a bismuth target. New neutron rich isotopes, 267 Bh and 266 Bh, were produced in bombardments of a 249 Bk target and their decay was observed using the rotating wheel system. The 266 Bh that was produced decays with a half-life of approximately 1 s by emission of alpha particles with an average energy of 9.25 plus/minus 0.03 MeV. 267 Bh was observed to decay with a 17 s half-life by emission of alpha-particles with an average energy of 8.83 plus/minus 0.03 MeV. The chemical behavior of hafnium, Ha (element 105) was investigated using the fast on-line continuous liquid extraction and detection system SISAK-LISSY. Hafnium was not observed in this experiment following transport and extraction. Protactinium was used as on-line test of the apparatus to determine the experimental efficiency of the entire system. Unfortunately, the amount of protactinium observed after the extraction, compared to the amount produced, was extremely small, only 2.5%. The extraction of the protactinium isotope indicated the efficiency of the apparatus was too low to observe the extraction of hafnium. The chemical behavior of oxychloride compounds of bohrium was investigated by isothermal gas adsorption chromatography in a quartz column at 180, 150

  4. 266 nm下邻二甲苯双光子电离质谱的研究%Study on Two-photon Ionization Mass Spectra of O-xylene at the Laser of 266 nm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁凯华; 邓淑营; 王南; 傅贵; 周留柱

    2014-01-01

    利用YAG激光器输出的四倍频激光对邻二甲苯分子的多光子电离过程进行了研究,获得了邻二甲苯分子的多光子电离飞行时间质谱( MPI-TOFMS),其母体离子及碎片离子信号达22种之多。光强指数分析表明母体离子C8 H+10和主要的碎片离子C7 H+7、C6 H+5发生了1+1共振增强双光子电离(RE2MPI)。%Multiphoton ionization process of o-xylene is studied Using the four-harmonic YAG 1 aser as excita-tion source,and time-of-flight mass spectrometer of o-xylene are obtained. Parent ion and fragment ion reach as much as 22 kinds. The result of laser power index shows that the parent-ion C8 H+10 and major fragment ions C7H+7 and C6H+5 undergo the 1+1 resonant enhanced two-photon ionization (RE2PI)process.

  5. 40 CFR Appendix Vii to Part 266 - Health-Based Limits for Exclusion of Waste-Derived Residues*

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-39-3 1xE+02 Beryllium 7440-41-7 7xE−03 Cadmium 7440-43-9 1xE+00 Chromium 7440-47-3 5xE+00 Lead 7439... Methylene chloride 75-09-2 5xE−02 Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) 78-93-3 2xE+00 Methyl hydrazine 60-34-4 3xE−04...-Trichlorophenol 88-06-2 4xE+00 Vanadium pentoxide 1314-62-1 7xE−01 Vinyl chloride 75-01-4 2xE−03 * Note 1:...

  6. Automatisch snelheidstoezicht op de N266 in Noord-Brabant : evaluatie van het effect op lange termijn.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oei, H.-l. Minnen, J. van & Goldenbeld, C.

    1995-01-01

    Four road stretches having a speed limit of 80 km/h were equipped with an electronic speed management system, consisting of a fixed warning sign, a switchable sign only showing when cars were speeding and automatic speed enforcing using radar and camera from road side mounted posts. This system was

  7. Comparison of photosensitivity in germanium doped silica fibers using 244 nm and 266 nm continuous wave lasers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Bo; Varming, Poul; Liu, B.;

    2001-01-01

    Diode pumped continuous-wave UV lasers offer an interesting alternative to frequency doubled argon-ion lasers. We report the first photosensitivity comparison using these lasers on deuterium loaded standard telecommunication fibers and unloaded experimental fibers....

  8. 26 CFR 1.266-1 - Taxes and carrying charges chargeable to capital account and treated as capital items.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Taxes and carrying charges chargeable to capital account and treated as capital items. (a)(1) In general.... (c) Election to charge taxes and carrying charges to capital account. (1) If for any taxable year... Corporation treats as expenses $9,000 of B's salary, and charges the remaining $1,000 to capital account....

  9. The prognostic value of positron emission tomography in non-small cell lung cancer : Analysis of 266 cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kramer, H.; Post, W.J.; Pruim, J.; Groen, H.J.M.

    2006-01-01

    Positron emission tomography (PET) is more accurate than computed tomography (CT) in the staging of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We analyzed the prognostic value of PET for survival in NSCLC patients. Methods: Consecutive patients with proven NSCLC with PET for staging were selected. Staging

  10. Molecular hydrogen in the z = 2.66 damped Lyman-alpha absorber toward Q J0643-5041

    CERN Document Server

    Vásquez, D Albornoz; Noterdaeme, P; Petitjean, P; Srianand, R; Ledoux, C

    2013-01-01

    We use high signal-to-noise ratio, high-resolution VLT-UVES data of Q J0643-5041 amounting to a total of more than 23 hours exposure time and fit the neutral hydrogen, metals and H2 absorption features with multiple-component Voigt profiles. We study the relative populations of H2 rotational levels and the fine-structure excitation of neutral carbon to determine the physical conditions in the H2-bearing cloud. We find some evidence for part of the quasar broad line emission region not being fully covered by the H2-bearing cloud. We measure a total neutral hydrogen column density of log N(H) = 21.03 +/- 0.08. Molecular hydrogen is detected in several rotational levels, possibly up to J = 7, in a single component. The corresponding molecular fraction is log f = -2.19+0.07-0.08, where f = 2N(H2)/(2N(H2)+N(H)). The H2 Doppler parameter is of the order of 1.5 km/s for J = 0, 1 and 2 and larger for J>2. The molecular component has a kinetic temperature of T = 80 K, which yields a mean thermal velocity of about 1 km...

  11. 40 CFR Appendix Xi to Part 266 - Lead-Bearing Materials That May be Processed in Exempt Lead Smelters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... filter bags and cartridges Respiratory cartridge filters Shop abrasives Stacking boards Waste shipping... pallets Water treatment sludges, filter cakes, residues, and solids Emission control dusts, sludges, filter cakes, residues, and solids from lead-associated industries (e.g., K069 and D008 wastes)...

  12. Development and Determination of the Age Hardening Characteristics of Al-2.00Mg-2.66Si Wrought Alloy

    OpenAIRE

    Ihom, A.P.; Offiong, Aniekan

    2016-01-01

    International audience The study, was carried out by developing the alloy using the foundry route of melting, alloying, and casting. The produced test samples were machined to produce test specimens which were subjected to precipitation hardening treatment. The test specimens were for impact and hardness test to inference the response of the developed alloy to age hardening treatment. The ageing temperature was 190 o C, and the ageing time was from 1-5 hrs. The control specimen was not age...

  13. A Compact, Solid-State UV (266 nm) Laser System Capable of Burst-Mode Operation for Laser Ablation Desorption Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arevalo, Ricardo, Jr.; Coyle, Barry; Paulios, Demetrios; Stysley, Paul; Feng, Steve; Getty, Stephanie; Binkerhoff, William

    2015-01-01

    Compared to wet chemistry and pyrolysis techniques, in situ laser-based methods of chemical analysis provide an ideal way to characterize precious planetary materials without requiring extensive sample processing. In particular, laser desorption and ablation techniques allow for rapid, reproducible and robust data acquisition over a wide mass range, plus: Quantitative, spatially-resolved measurements of elemental and molecular (organic and inorganic) abundances; Low analytical blanks and limits-of-detection ( ng g-1); and, the destruction of minimal quantities of sample ( g) compared to traditional solution and/or pyrolysis analyses (mg).

  14. 40 CFR 266.230 - What conditions must you meet for your LLMW to qualify for and maintain a storage and treatment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... solely to recordkeeping); (2) Store your LLMW in tanks or containers in compliance with chemical compatibility requirements of a tank or container in 40 CFR 264.177, or 264.199 or 40 CFR 265.177, or 265.199... standards found in 40 CFR 265.16(a)(3); (4) Conduct an inventory of your stored conditionally exempt LLMW...

  15. Analytical results and sample locality map of heavy-mineral-concentrate and rock samples from the Castle Peaks Wilderness Study Area (CDCA- 266), San Bernardino County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adrian, B.M.; Frisken, J.G.; Malcolm, M.J.; Crock, J.G.

    1986-01-01

    The report presents water-quality and geohydrologic information for 106 public water-supply wells in Illinois. These wells were sampled during April to December 1984 as part of a pilot program to develop a ground-water observation network in the State. The pilot program was designed to sample single-aquifer wells from three major aquifer systems--(1) sand and gravel, both confined and unconfined; (2) Silurian dolomite; and (3) the Ironton-Galesville deep sandstone. Data are tabulated for water temperature, pH, specific conductance, oxidation-reduction potential, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate + nitrite nitrogen, phosphorus, silica, arsenic, lead, mercury, fluoride, chloride, sulfate, cyanide, phenols, selenium, residue on evaporation at 180 degrees Celsius, alkalinity, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, barium, boron, beryllium, cadmium, chormium, copper, cobalt, iron, aluminum, manganese, nickel, silver, strontium, vanadium, zinc, and selected geohydrologic information.

  16. Draft environmental statement related to steam-generator repair at Point Beach Nuclear Plant, Unit No. 1. Docket No. 50-266

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The staff has considered the environmental impacts and economic costs of the proposed steam generator repair at the Point Beach Nuclear Plant Unit No. 1 along with reasonable alternatives to the proposed action. The staff has concluded that the proposed repair will not significantly affect the quality of the human environment and that there are no preferable alternatives to the proposed action. Furthermore, any impacts from the repair program are outweighed by its benefits

  17. Final environmental statement related to steam-generator repair at Point Beach Nuclear Plant, Unit No. 1 (Docket No. 50-266)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The staff hhas considered the environental impacts and economic costs of the proposed steam generator repair at the Point Beach Nuclear Plant, Unit No. 1 along with reasonable alternatives to the proposed action. The staff has concluded that the proposed repair will not significantly affect the quality of the human environment and that there are no preferable alternatives to the proposed action. Furthermore, any impacts from the repair program are outweighed by its benefits

  18. Odd-Z Transactinide Compound Nucleus Reactions Including the Discovery of 260Bh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several reactions producing odd-Z transactinide compound nuclei were studied with the 88-Inch Cyclotron and the Berkeley Gas-Filled Separator at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The goal was to produce the same compound nucleus at or near the same excitation energy with similar values of angular momentum via different nuclear reactions. In doing so, it can be determined if there is a preference in entrance channel, because under these experimental conditions the survival portion of Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilcznska, and Wilczynski's 'Fusion By Diffusion' model is nearly identical for the two reactions. Additionally, because the same compound nucleus is produced, the exit channel is the same. Four compound nuclei were examined in this study: 258Db, 262Bh, 266Mt, and 272Rg. These nuclei were produced by using very similar heavy-ion induced-fusion reactions which differ only by one proton in the projectile or target nucleus (e.g.: 50Ti + 209Bi vs. 51V + 208Pb). Peak 1n exit channel cross sections were determined for each reaction in each pair, and three of the four pairs; cross sections were identical within statistical uncertainties. This indicates there is not an obvious preference of entrance channel in these paired reactions. Charge equilibration immediately prior to fusion leading to a decreased fusion barrier is the likely cause of this phenomenon. In addition to this systematic study, the lightest isotope of element 107, bohrium, was discovered in the 209Bi(52Cr,n) reaction. 260Bh was found to decay by emission of a 10.16 MeV alpha particle with a half-life of 35 ms. The cross section is 59 pb at an excitation energy of 15.0 MeV. The effect of the N = 152 shell is also seen in this isotope's alpha particle energy, the first evidence of such an effect in Bh. All reactions studied are also compared to model predictions by Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilcznska, and Wilczynski's 'Fusion By Diffusion' theory

  19. Odd-Z Transactinide Compound Nucleus Reactions Including the Discovery of 260Bh

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelson, Sarah L. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Several reactions producing odd-Z transactinide compound nuclei were studiedwith the 88-Inch Cyclotron and the Berkeley Gas-Filled Separator at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The goal was to produce the same compound nucleus ator near the same excitation energy with similar values of angular momentum via differentnuclear reactions. In doing so, it can be determined if there is a preference in entrancechannel, because under these experimental conditions the survival portion of Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilcznska, and Wilczynski's"Fusion By Diffusion" model is nearly identical forthe two reactions. Additionally, because the same compound nucleus is produced, theexit channel is the same. Four compound nuclei were examined in this study: 258Db, 262Bh, 266Mt, and 272Rg. These nuclei were produced by using very similar heavy-ion induced-fusion reactions which differ only by one proton in the projectile or target nucleus (e.g.: 50Ti + 209Bi vs. 51V + 208Pb). Peak 1n exit channel cross sections were determined for each reaction in each pair, and three of the four pairs' cross sections were identical within statistical uncertainties. This indicates there is not an obvious preference of entrancechannel in these paired reactions. Charge equilibration immediately prior to fusionleading to a decreased fusion barrier is the likely cause of this phenomenon. In addition to this systematic study, the lightest isotope of element 107, bohrium, was discovered in the 209Bi(52Cr,n) reaction. 260Bh was found to decay by emission of a 10.16 MeV alpha particle with a half-life of 35$+19\\atop{-9}$ ms. The cross section is 59 pb at an excitation energy of 15.0 MeV. The effect of the N = 152 shell is also seen in this isotope's alpha particle energy, the first evidence of such an effect in Bh. All reactions studied are also compared to model predictions by Swiatecki

  20. Automatic Parallelization of Scientific Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blum, Troels

    performance gains. Scientists working with computer simulations should be allowed to focus on their field of research and not spend excessive amounts of time learning exotic programming models and languages. We have with Bohrium achieved very promising results by starting out with a relatively simple approach...

  1. Investigation of parvovirus B19 infection in 266 pregnant women in Zhengzhou%郑州市流产或死胎孕妇人微小病毒B19感染情况测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳静; 冷弘; 徐慧丹; 刘全离; 赵国强

    2005-01-01

    目的:了解郑州市流产或死胎孕妇人微小病毒B19的感染情况.方法:采用ELISA和PCR方法分别检测郑州市237例正常孕妇及29例不明原因流产或死胎孕妇血清中B19-IgG、B19-IgM和B19 DNA表达情况.结果:29例流产或死胎孕妇B19-IgG、B19-IgM和B19 DNA阳性率分别为51.7%(15/29)、6.9%(2/29)和13.8%(4/29),237例正常孕妇B19-IgG、B19-IgM和B19 DNA阳性率分别30.4%(72/237)、1.3%(3/237)和2.5%(6/237),差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:郑州市孕妇中存在人微小病毒B19的感染,可能导致不明原因流产或死胎.

  2. 75 FR 11740 - S-Abscisic Acid, (S)-5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxo-1-cyclohex-2-enyl)-3-methyl-penta-(2Z,4E...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... exposure. Non-occupational inhalation exposures are not expected to result from the agricultural uses of... Findings In the Federal Register of May 6, 2009 (74 FR 20946) (FRL-8411-2), EPA issued a notice pursuant to... Executive Order 12866, entitled Regulatory Planning and Review (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993). Because...

  3. Multibeam collection for TN266: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-06-28 to 2011-07-27, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  4. SU-E-J-266: Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) Inter-Scan and Inter-Observer Tumor Volume Variability Assessment in Patients Treated with Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) for Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hou, Y; Aileen, C; Kozono, D; Killoran, J; Wagar, M; Lee, S; Hacker, F; Aerts, H; Lewis, J; Mak, R [Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: Quantification of volume changes on CBCT during SBRT for NSCLC may provide a useful radiological marker for radiation response and adaptive treatment planning, but the reproducibility of CBCT volume delineation is a concern. This study is to quantify inter-scan/inter-observer variability in tumor volume delineation on CBCT. Methods: Twenty earlystage (stage I and II) NSCLC patients were included in this analysis. All patients were treated with SBRT with a median dose of 54 Gy in 3 to 5 fractions. Two physicians independently manually contoured the primary gross tumor volume on CBCTs taken immediately before SBRT treatment (Pre) and after the same SBRT treatment (Post). Absolute volume differences (AVD) were calculated between the Pre and Post CBCTs for a given treatment to quantify inter-scan variability, and then between the two observers for a given CBCT to quantify inter-observer variability. AVD was also normalized with respect to average volume to obtain relative volume differences (RVD). Bland-Altman approach was used to evaluate variability. All statistics were calculated with SAS version 9.4. Results: The 95% limit of agreement (mean ± 2SD) on AVD and RVD measurements between Pre and Post scans were −0.32cc to 0.32cc and −0.5% to 0.5% versus −1.9 cc to 1.8 cc and −15.9% to 15.3% for the two observers respectively. The 95% limit of agreement of AVD and RVD between the two observers were −3.3 cc to 2.3 cc and −42.4% to 28.2% respectively. The greatest variability in inter-scan RVD was observed with very small tumors (< 5 cc). Conclusion: Inter-scan variability in RVD is greatest with small tumors. Inter-observer variability was larger than inter-scan variability. The 95% limit of agreement for inter-observer and inter-scan variability (∼15–30%) helps define a threshold for clinically meaningful change in tumor volume to assess SBRT response, with larger thresholds needed for very small tumors. Part of the work was funded by a Kaye award; Disclosure/Conflict of interest: Raymond H. Mak: Stock ownership: Celgene, Inc. Consulting: Boehringer-Ingelheim, Inc.

  5. Leis, educação e sociedade: o bem comum na Alta Idade Média - doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v11i1e2.66 Leyes, educación y sociedad: el bien común durante La Alta Edad Media Laws, education and society: the common good in the High Middle Ages - doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v11i1e2.66

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terezinha Oliveira

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo pretendemos analisar a estreita relação existente entre a elaboração de leis e a construção de uma sociedade voltada para o bem comum. Para analisarmos essa relação, reportamo-nos ao período histórico da Alta Idade Média. Procuramos mostrar que a identidade de uma sociedade também se constitui quando as leis são elaboradas, respeitadas e seguidas com eqüidade. Desse modo, por meio da História, podemos verificar de que maneira os indivíduos constroem suas relações de poder, governo e leis, elaborando seus laços sociais e suas características individuais e sociais. Em última instância, a História, ao nos permitir conhecernos a nós mesmos, possibilita que criemos o que acreditamos serem os interesses comuns, as leis gerais e o governo para o bem comum. O contrário, ou seja, o desconhecimento de nossas leis, de nossas identidades, implica tanto no desconhecimento das condições que criam o bem comum como, necessariamente, em sua destruição. É exatamente esse caminho que procuraremos apontar ao analisarmos alguns costumes e leis da Alta Idade Média.En este artículo pretendemos analizar la estrecha relación existente entre la elaboración de leyes y la construcción de una sociedad orientada hacia el bien común. Para analizar esta relación nos remitimos al período histórico de la Alta Edad Media. Pretendemos mostrar que la identidad de una sociedad también se constituye cuando las leyes son elaboradas, respetadas y seguidas con equidad. De este modo, podemos verificar a través de la Historia de qué manera los individuos construyen sus relaciones de poder, gobierno y leyes, elaborando sus lazos sociales y sus características individuales y sociales. En última instancia, al permitir conocernos a nosotros mismos, la Historia nos posibilita que inventemos lo que consideramos que son los intereses comunes, las leyes generales y el gobierno para el bien común. Lo contrario a esto, o sea, el desconocimiento de nuestras leyes y de nuestras identidades implica, por un lado, el desconocimiento de las condiciones que crean el bien común, y por el otro, el camino necesario para su destrucción. Y es exactamente este camino que tratamos de identificar para analizar algunas costumbres y leyes de la Alta Edad Media.The relationship between the elaboration of laws and the construction of a society inclined towards the common good is analyzed. The analysis of such relationship urges a reference to the High Middle Ages. In fact, a society’s identity is also constituted when the laws are elaborated, respected and obeyed. The way individuals construct their relationships of power, government, and laws may be verified through the study of History while they elaborate their social ties and their individual and social characteristics. When History makes human beings know themselves, a possibility for the establishment of common interests, the general laws and the government for the common good ensues. On the other hand, ignorance of laws and identities implies in the ignorance of conditions that create the common good and, necessarily, its destruction. This is exactly the way indicated when habits and laws of the High Middle Ages are investigated.

  6. Gclust Server: 61308 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 61308 DME_CG4139_24641394 Cluster Sequences - 266 Karl: Karl CG4139-PB, isoform B 2...er sequences Cluster Sequences Link to related sequences - Sequence length 266 Representative annotation Karl: Karl

  7. En la infancia los diagnósticos se escriben con lápiz. La patologización de las diferencias en la clínica y la educación. Untoiglich, Gisela, et al. /266 p. Buenos Aires: Noveduc. 2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Cristóforo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El libro está organizado en cuatro partes, en función del eje temático que tienen los trabajos que integra cada una de ellas: Procesos de Patologización; Procesos diagnósticos en la infancia; Patologías psíquicas graves en la primera infancia; y Acerca de inclusiones y exclusiones. Sin embargo más allá de esta organización, el libro tiene una armonía que, a través de la diversidad, otorga coherencia al abordaje de un problema complejo como lo es el de los diagnósticos en la infancia. Precisamente es esa manera compleja de abordar el problema la que aporta uno de los valores del texto: las múltiples miradas, significaciones y expresiones que surgen del entrecruzamiento entre las distintas profesiones de los autores y las diversas inscripciones geográficas (Argentina, Brasil, Portugal. Asimismo tal diversidad geográfica muestra lo extendido del fenómeno de la patologización de la infancia y de los recursos que el mismo aplicapara perpetuarse, por ejemplo, las regulaciones de distinto estatuto legal que los Estados van estableciendo en relación a las instituciones de salud y educación.

  8. Paul Scherrer Institute Scientific Report 1999. Volume I: Particles and Matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although originally planned for fundamental research in nuclear physics, the particle beams of pions, muons, protons and neutrons are now used in a large variety of disciplines in both natural science and medicine. The beams at PSI have the world's highest intensities and therefore allow certain experiments to be performed, which would not be possible elsewhere. The highlight of research this year was the first-ever determination of the chemical properties of the superheavy element 107 Bohrium. This was undertaken, by an international team led by H. Gaeggeler of PSI's Laboratory for Radiochemistry. Bohrium was produced by bombarding a Berkelium target with Neon ions from the Injector I cyclotron and six atoms were detected after having passed through an online gas chromatography device. At the Laboratory for Particle Physics the focus has shifted from nuclear physics to elementary particle physics with about a fifty-fifty split between investigations of rare processes or particle decays using the high intensity muon, pion and recently also polarized neutron beams of PSI, and research at the highest energy frontier at CERN (Geneva) and DESY (Hamburg). Important space instrumentation has been contributed by the Laboratory for Astrophysics to the European Space Agency and NASA satellite programmes. The Laboratory for Micro and Nanotechnology continued to focus on research into molecular nanotechnology and SiGeC nanostructures, the latter with the aim of producing silicon based optoelectronics. Progress in 1999 in these topical areas is described in this report. A list of scientific publications in 1999 is also provided

  9. 32 CFR 179.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... solid propellants; explosives, pyrotechnics, chemical and riot control agents, smokes, and incendiaries... restricted access and exclusionary areas. (40 CFR 266.201) Munitions and explosives of concern...

  10. A High Performance Backend for Array-Oriented Programming on Next-Generation Processing Units

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Simon Andreas Frimann

    are analyzed and experimentally tested. Resulting in the design and implementation of Bohrium a runtime-system for transforming, scheduling and executing array-oriented programs. Multiple interfaces for existing languages such as Python, C++, C#, and F# have been built which utilize the backend. A suite......The financial crisis, which started in 2008, spawned the HIPERFIT research center as a preventive measure against future financial crises. The goal of prevention is to be met by improving mathematical models for finance, the verifiable description of them in domain-specific languages...... of benchmarks applications, implemented in these languages, demonstrate the high-level declarative form of the programming model. Performance studies show that the high-level declarative programming model can be used to not only match but also exceed the performance of hand-coded implementations in low...

  11. Paul Scherrer Institute Scientific Report 1999. Volume I: Particles and Matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gobrecht, J.; Gaeggeler, H.; Herlach, D.; Junker, K.; Kettle, P.-R.; Kubik, P.; Zehnder, A. [eds.

    2000-07-01

    lthough originally planned for fundamental research in nuclear physics, the particle beams of pions, muons, protons and neutrons are now used in a large variety of disciplines in both natural science and medicine. The beams at PSI have the world's highest intensities and therefore allow certain experiments to be performed, which would not be possible elsewhere. The highlight of research this year was the first-ever determination of the chemical properties of the superheavy element {sup 107} Bohrium. This was undertaken, by an international team led by H. Gaeggeler of PSI's Laboratory for Radiochemistry. Bohrium was produced by bombarding a Berkelium target with Neon ions from the Injector I cyclotron and six atoms were detected after having passed through an online gas chromatography device. At the Laboratory for Particle Physics the focus has shifted from nuclear physics to elementary particle physics with about a fifty-fifty split between investigations of rare processes or particle decays using the high intensity muon, pion and recently also polarized neutron beams of PSI, and research at the highest energy frontier at CERN (Geneva) and DESY (Hamburg). Important space instrumentation has been contributed by the Laboratory for Astrophysics to the European Space Agency and NASA satellite programmes. The Laboratory for Micro and Nanotechnology continued to focus on research into molecular nanotechnology and SiGeC nanostructures, the latter with the aim of producing silicon based optoelectronics. Progress in 1999 in these topical areas is described in this report. A list of scientific publications in 1999 is also provided.

  12. Forkyndelsesfrihed og straffelov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Lisbet

    2013-01-01

    Kan bibelens ord - eller Koranens for den sags skyld - være hate speech i straffelovens § 266 forstand?......Kan bibelens ord - eller Koranens for den sags skyld - være hate speech i straffelovens § 266 forstand?...

  13. Constituents of the brown alga Padina tetrastromatica (Hauck)-II

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Parameswaran, P.S; Naik, C.G.; Das, B.; Kamat, S.Y.; Bose, A.K.; Nair, M.S.R.

    Three terpenoids, (2R,4S)-4-acetoxy-2-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexanone (1), 3'R,4'-[(2R,4S)-4-acetoxy-2-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexylidene] but-3'-en-2'-one or apo-9'-fucoxanthinone (2) and loliolide (3) have been isolated from the CHCl sub...

  14. Dicty_cDB: VFJ482 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available pid:none) Asterionella glacialis MAT mRNA fo... 266 4e-72 ( P50304 ) RecName: Ful...... 269 1e-72 (Q9FPL6) RecName: Full=S-adenosylmethionine synthetase 2; ... 266 2e-72 AB461922_1( AB461922 |

  15. Oil Price Hike Boosts CNOOC Revenue%Oil Price Hike Boosts CNOOC Revenue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Q1 production up 26.6 percent CNOOC Limited's first-quarter production increased 26.6 percent to 85.2 million barrels of oil equivalent compared with the same period last year. Output at the Jinzhou 25-1 project commenced in the first quarter, CNOOC sa

  16. Elm tree (Ulmus parvifolia) bark bioprocessed with Mycelia of Shiitake (Lentinus edodes) mushrooms in liquid Culture: Composition and mechanism of protection against allergic asthma in mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    The present study investigated the antiasthma effect of a bioprocessed Ulmus parvifolia bark extract (BPUBE) from Lentinus edodes liquid mycelia culture against allergic asthma biomarkers in U266B1 leukemia cells and OVA-sensitized/challenged mice. BPUBE suppressed total IgE release from U266B1 cel...

  17. 40 CFR 63.116 - Process vent provisions-performance test methods and procedures to determine compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 CFR part 270 and complies with the requirements of 40 CFR part 266, subpart H, or (ii) Has certified compliance with the interim status requirements of 40 CFR part 266, subpart H. (5) A hazardous waste incinerator for which the owner or operator has been issued a final permit under 40 CFR part...

  18. Gclust Server: 170255 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 170255 Cph_Cpha266_1346 Cluster Sequences - 70 hypothetical protein 1 1.00e-31 0.0 ...0.0 0.0 6.67 0.0 0.0 Show 170255 Cluster ID 170255 Sequence ID Cph_Cpha266_1346 Link to cluster sequences Cl

  19. AcEST: DK956902 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available +3 Query: 87 MVLSNDIDLLHPPAEVEKKKHKLKRLVQSPNSYFMDVKCQGCFSITTVFSHSQTVVLCGN 266 MVL NDIDLL+PPAE+EK+KHKLKRLVQSPNS+FMDV...KCQGCF+ITTVFSHSQTVV+CGN Sbjct: 1 MVLQNDIDLLNPPAELEKRKHKLKRLVQSPNSFFMDVKCQGCFNITTVFSHSQTVVVCGN 60 Que...2%) Frame = +3 Query: 87 MVLSNDIDLLHPPAEVEKKKHKLKRLVQSPNSYFMDVKCQGCFSITTVFSHSQTVVLCGN 266 MVL NDIDLLHPP E+EK+KHKLKRLVQSPNS+FMDV...KCQGCF+ITTVFSHSQTVV+CGN Sbjct: 1 MVLQNDIDLLHPPPELEKRKHKLKRLVQSPNSFFMDV...0/84 (83%), Positives = 79/84 (94%) Frame = +3 Query: 87 MVLSNDIDLLHPPAEVEKKKHKLKRLVQSPNSYFMDVKCQGCFSITTVFSH

  20. AcEST: DK950076 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available = 72/86 (83%), Positives = 82/86 (95%) Frame = +3 Query: 87 MVLSNDIDLLHPPAEVEKKKHKLKRLVQSPNSYFMDV...KCQGCFSITTVFSHSQTVVLCGN 266 MVL NDIDLL+PPAE+EK+KHKLKRLVQSPNS+FMDVKCQGCF+ITTVFSHSQTVV+CGN Sbj...ct: 1 MVLQNDIDLLNPPAELEKRKHKLKRLVQSPNSFFMDVKCQGCFNITTVFSHSQTVVVCGN 60 Query: 267 CSAVLCQPTGGRARLTEGSSFRKKGD ...HPPAEVEKKKHKLKRLVQSPNSYFMDVKCQGCFSITTVFSHSQTVVLCGN 266 MVL NDIDLLHPP E+EK+KHKLKRLVQSPNS+FMDVKCQGCF+ITTVFSHSQ...TVV+CGN Sbjct: 1 MVLQNDIDLLHPPPELEKRKHKLKRLVQSPNSFFMDVKCQGCFNITTVFSHSQTVVVCGN 60

  1. Gclust Server: 194141 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 194141 Cph_Cpha266_1661 Cluster Sequences - 85 hypothetical protein 1 1.00e-40 0.0 ...0.0 0.0 6.67 0.0 0.0 Show 194141 Cluster ID 194141 Sequence ID Cph_Cpha266_1661 Link to cluster sequences Cl

  2. Gclust Server: 194137 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 194137 Cph_Cpha266_1611 Cluster Sequences - 138 hypothetical protein 1 1.00e-70 0.0... 0.0 0.0 6.67 0.0 0.0 Show 194137 Cluster ID 194137 Sequence ID Cph_Cpha266_1611 Link to cluster sequences C

  3. Main: 1CNS [RPSD[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1CNS 大麦 Barley Hordeum vulgare l. 26 Kda Endochitinase 2 Precursor Hordeum Vulgare ...1.1; -.|PIR; A29104; A29104.|PIR; A38664; A38664.|PDB; 1CNS; X-ray; A/B=24-266.|PDB; 2BAA; X-ray; @=24-266.|...SSDYCTPSAQWPCAPGKRYYGRGPIQLSHNYNYGPAGRAIGVDLLANPDLVATDATVGFKTAIWFWMTAQPPKPSSHAVIAGQWSPSGADRAAGRVPGFGVITNIINGGIECGHGQDSRVADRIGFYKRYCDILGVGYGNNLDCYSQRPFA barley_1CNS.jpg ...

  4. Sensitized cytotoxic effects of dexamethasone or radiation on multiple myeloma cells by chloroquine%氯喹增敏地塞米松或辐射对多发性骨髓瘤细胞的杀伤作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付慧; 陶玉龙; 倪敏; 李冬洁; 沈甫明

    2016-01-01

    目的 研究氯喹(chloroquine,CQ),及CQ是否增敏化疗药物地塞米松(dexamethasone,DEX)或辐射对多发性骨髓瘤细胞株U266细胞的杀伤作用,并探讨其可能机制.方法 用细胞活性检测试剂盒(cell counting kit-8,cck8)检测CQ单药,以及CQ联用DEX对U266细胞增殖的影响,运用中效原理软件评估两药相互作用;cck8及流式细胞术分别检测CQ处理条件下辐射对U266细胞增殖和凋亡作用的改变;Western blot检测CQ合用DEX,以及CQ联合辐射对U266细胞内B细胞淋巴瘤-2(B-cellymphoma-2,Bcl-2)蛋白表达变化.结果 CQ及DEX对U266细胞的增殖抑制作用呈浓度依赖性,且CQ(3.9μmol/L)能够增强DEX(125μmol/L)对U266细胞的杀伤作用,并增加DEX降低细胞内抗凋亡蛋白Bcl-2的表达水平;不同辐射剂量(5~25 Gy)对U266细胞的生长抑制作用并无差异;CQ(1.0μmol/L)可以增加辐射对U266细胞的敏感性,诱导细胞凋亡.结论 CQ能够增敏DEX或辐射对U266细胞的杀伤作用,CQ增敏DEX的作用机制可能与抑制Bcl-2蛋白表达相关.%Objective To investigate the role and possible mechanism of combination use of chloroquine (CQ) with either dexamethasone (DEX) or radiation on multiple myeloma (MM) cell line U266 .Methods Cell viability of U266 treated with CQ alone ,or CQ combined with either DEX or radiation was measured by cell counting kit-8 (cck8) .CalcuSyn method was used to assess effect of drugs interaction .Cell viability and apoptosis of U266 pre-treated with CQ were also measured by cck8 and flow cytometry after radiation .Expression of B-cellymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) in U266 cells treated by CQ combined with DEX or radiation was determined by Western blot analysis .Results Either CQ or DEX displayed a dose dependent cell proliferation in-hibitory effect on U266 cells .Cytotoxic effect of DEX (125 μmol/L) on U266 cells was enhanced and expression of Bcl-2 pro-tein in U266 cells was decreased by combining with CQ (3 .9 μmol/L) .U266 cells were

  5. 78 FR 47813 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    ... Responses: 266. Annual Burden: 7,488. Title: ''Lender Advantage''. Abstract: The information collected... Responses: 13,650. Annual Burden: 48,990. Title: ''SBA Express and Pilot Loan Program (Export...

  6. 77 FR 21986 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-12

    ... Scale, Youth 3,986 5 0.07 1,329 266 Second Edition (RCMAS-2). Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale...: Staff as Caregiver. Staff as Caregiver--Follow-Up (MSSC-RS-F). Cultural Competence and Service...

  7. Mars environment. Citations from the NTIS data base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hundemann, A. S.

    1980-09-01

    Research dealing with atmospheric and surface properties of Mars is discussed. A few abstracts pertain to instrumentation used in the space exploration. This updated bibliography contains 266 citations, 9 of which are new entries to the previous edition.

  8. Mean Platelet Volume and Red Cell distribution width in Hepatosteatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulali Aktas

    2013-06-01

    In conclusion, we think that beside MPV, RDW should also be an indicator of hepatosteatosis. More prospective studies with larger cohort are needed to confirm our results. [Natl J Med Res 2013; 3(3.000: 264-266

  9. Experiment list: ERX297449 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 266 || LINEAGE=NA || MEDIUM=RPMI 1640 + 20%FBS + 1% Glutamine || MOLECULE=genomic DNA || PASSAGE=NA || SEX=Male || SAMPLE_ONTOLOGY..._URI=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CLO_0009457 || DISEASE_ONTOLOGY

  10. Experiment list: ERX297435 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 266 || LINEAGE=NA || MEDIUM=RPMI 1640 + 20%FBS + 1% Glutamine || MOLECULE=genomic DNA || PASSAGE=NA || SEX=Male || SAMPLE_ONTOLOGY..._URI=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CLO_0009457 || DISEASE_ONTOLOGY

  11. Experiment list: ERX297418 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available -266 || LINEAGE=NA || MEDIUM=RPMI 1640 + 20%FBS + 1% Glutamine || MOLECULE=genomic DNA || PASSAGE=NA || SEX=Male || SAMPLE_ONTOLOGY..._URI=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CLO_0009457 || DISEASE_ONTOLOGY

  12. Experiment list: ERX297410 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 266 || LINEAGE=NA || MEDIUM=RPMI 1640 + 20%FBS + 1% Glutamine || MOLECULE=genomic DNA || PASSAGE=NA || SEX=Male || SAMPLE_ONTOLOGY..._URI=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CLO_0009457 || DISEASE_ONTOLOGY

  13. Experiment list: ERX297406 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available -266 || LINEAGE=NA || MEDIUM=RPMI 1640 + 20%FBS + 1% Glutamine || MOLECULE=genomic DNA || PASSAGE=NA || SEX=Male || SAMPLE_ONTOLOGY..._URI=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CLO_0009457 || DISEASE_ONTOLOGY

  14. 40 CFR 265.1200 - Applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) INTERIM STATUS STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Hazardous Waste Munitions and Explosives Storage § 265.1200 Applicability. The requirements of... 40 CFR 266.205 for storage of waste military munitions)....

  15. CHLOROPHYLL A and PHAEOPIGMENTS profile data collected in the North Atlantic Ocean on the ENDEAVOR cruises EN259, EN262 and others as part of the GB project from 1995-01-11 to 1995-06-16 (NODC Accession 0104395)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104395 includes profile and biological data collected aboard the ENDEAVOR during cruises EN259, EN262, EN264, EN266 and EN267II in the North...

  16. Libraries in New Jersey: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... East Orange East Orange General Hospital Health Science Library 300 Central Avenue East Orange, NJ 07019 973-266-8488 http://www.evh.org/ Elizabeth Trinitas Regional Medical Center Library 225 Williamson Street Elizabeth, NJ 07207 908-994- ...

  17. Double-pulse laser ablation sampling: Enhancement of analyte emission by a second laser pulse at 213 nm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cai, Bruno Yue [Laser Technologies Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); Department of Physics, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong (China); Mao, Xianglei [Laser Technologies Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); Hou, Huaming [Laser Technologies Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); Ocean University of China, Qingdao (China); Zorba, Vassilia; Russo, Richard E. [Laser Technologies Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); Cheung, Nai-Ho, E-mail: nhcheung@hkbu.edu.hk [Department of Physics, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong (China)

    2015-08-01

    For the purpose of devising methods for minimally destructive multi-element analysis, we compare the performance of a 266 nm–213 nm double-pulse scheme against that of the single 266 nm pulse scheme. The first laser pulse at 266 nm ablates a mica sample. Ten ns later, the second pulse at 213 nm and 64 mJ cm{sup −2} orthogonally intercepts the gas plume to enhance the analyte signal. Emissions from aluminum, silicon, magnesium and sodium are simultaneously observed. At low 266 nm laser fluence when only sub-ng of sample mass is removed, the signal enhancement by the 213 nm pulse is especially apparent. The minimum detectable amount of aluminum is about 24 fmol; it will be a hundred times higher if the sample is analyzed by the 266 nm pulse alone. The minimum detectable mass for the other analytes is also reduced by about two orders of magnitude when the second pulse at 213 nm is introduced. The spectral and temporal properties of the enhanced signal are consistent with the mechanism of ultra-violet laser excited atomic fluorescence of dense plumes. - Highlights: • We devise a two-laser-pulse scheme to analyze the elemental composition of mica as test samples. • We compare the analytical performance of the single 266 nm pulse scheme against the 266 nm – 213 nm two pulse scheme. • The two pulse scheme improves the absolute LODs of the analytes by about a hundred times. • The spectral and temporal properties of the enhanced signal are consistent with the mechanism.

  18. Dicty_cDB: SSC615 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SS (Link to library) SSC615 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U01797-1 SSC615F (Link to Original site) SSC...615F 464 - - - - - - Show SSC615 Library SS (Link to library) Clone ID SSC615 (Link to...ycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SS/SSC6-A/SSC615Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SSC61...5F (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SSC615 (SSC615Q) /CSM/SS/SSC6-A/SSC615Q.Seq.d/ AAAAA...419Q.Seq.d/ 571 e-162 SSH266 (SSH266Q) /CSM/SS/SSH2-C/SSH266Q.Seq.d/ 571 e-162 SSC615 (SSC615Q) /CSM/SS/SSC6-A/SSC

  19. Monoterpenos di-hidroxilados e hidróxi-nitrogenados 1,2 e 1,3 como ligantes quirais em reação de reformatsky assimétrica 1,2- and 1,3-dihydroxylated and hydroxynitrogenated monoterpenes as chiral ligands in the asymmetric reformatsky reaction

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Magno R. Ribeiro; Cristina M. Morita; Mônica P. Maia

    2008-01-01

    This study describes the use of three (-)-alpha-pinene derivatives, one diol-1,2 [(-)-(1R, 2R, 3S, 5R)-2,6,6-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]heptane-2,3-diol 4] and two piridine-hydroxy derivatives [(+)-(1R,2S,3R,5S)-2,6,6-trimethyl-3-(2-pyridinylmethyl)bicyclo[3.1.1]heptan-3-ol 7 and (-)-(1R,2S,3R,5S)-2,6,6-trimethyl-3-[2-(2-pyridinyl) ethyl]bicyclo[3.1.1]heptan-3-ol 8]; one diol-1,3 [(-)-(1S,2R,5S)-2-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-5-methylcyclohexanol 5] derived from (+)-isopulegol 2 and one diol-1,3 [(+...

  20. Dicty_cDB: CFD837 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CF (Link to library) CFD837 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U10808-1 CFD837F (Link to Original site) CFD...837F 654 - - - - - - Show CFD837 Library CF (Link to library) Clone ID CFD837 (Link to...ycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/CF/CFD8-B/CFD837Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID CFD83...7F (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >CFD837 (CFD837Q) /CSM/CF/CFD8-B/CFD837Q.Seq.d/ AAATT...0.0 SFC341 (SFC341Q) /CSM/SF/SFC3-B/SFC341Q.Seq.d/ 1128 0.0 CFE266 (CFE266Q) /CSM/CF/CFE2-C/CFE266Q.Seq.d/ 1128 0.0 CFD837 (CFD

  1. Phase-Transition Mastering of High-Density Optical Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meinders, Erwin R.; Rastogi, Ruchi; van der Veer, Mark; Peeters, Patrick; El Majdoubi, Hamid; Bulle, Herman; Millet, Antoine; Bruls, Dominique

    2007-06-01

    A new phase-transition mastering (PTM) process was developed for Blu-ray Disc read-only memory (BD-ROM) mastering. Results obtained with both a 266 and 405 nm laser beam recorder (LBR) are discussed in this paper. The feasibility of BD-ROM mastering was successfully demonstrated on both LBRs. With the insight that 25 Gbytes BD-ROM can be mastered with a 405 nm wavelength LBR, the availability of the 266 nm wavelength LBR opened the route to explore PTM of near-field data densities. First experiments indicate that the PTM process is also suitable for mastering data densities beyond 25 Gbytes data density.

  2. The prevalence of Microfilaria spp. in primates of colombian zoos

    OpenAIRE

    Rosmery Ladino De La Hortúa; María Isabel Moreno Orozco

    2007-01-01

    The prevalence of Microfilaria spp in 266 human and non human primates of Colombian zoos located between 5 and 2850 meters over sea level (mosl) was of 6.39% (17/266). Most of them were adult males Saguinus leucopus, Saguinus oedipus, Saimiri sciureus and Aotus sp; corresponding to Matecaña, Santa Fe and Santacruz zoos, located between 1.001-2.000 mosl. The microfilarias species observed in this study are morphologically compatible with Dipetalonema perstans and Microfilaria bolivarensis, usi...

  3. Kick to kik. Trabajadores offshore desplazados y ley aplicable a la seguridad social internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARINA VARGAS GÓMEZ-URRUTIA

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Offshore workers displaced and applicable law to international social security: lex loci laboris, law of residence of the worker or law of the seat of the employer? Responses to light the matter Kik (STJUE c-266/13, 19.3.2015 Trabajadores offshore desplazados y ley aplicable a la seguridad social internacional: ¿lex loci laboris, ley de la residencia del trabajador o ley de la sede del empleador? Respuestas a la luz del asunto Kik (STJUE C-266/13, de 19.3.2015

  4. Increased fatty acid synthase as a potential therapeutic target in multiple myeloma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei-qin WANG; Xiao-ying ZHAO; Hai-yan WANG; Yun LIANG

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To determine fatty acid synthase (FAS) expression in human multiple myeloma and verify its potential as a therapeutic target in multiple myeloma. Methods: FAS expression was determined by immunohistochemistry, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunoblot analysis in bone marrow samples obtained from 27 patients with multiple myeloma (MM patients) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from 12 healthy donors. In parallel, additional analyses were performed on 2 human multiple myeloma cell lines, U266 and RPMI8226. U266 cells were treated with cerulenin at various concentrations (5 to 320μg/ml) for 24 h, and metabolic activity was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays. Apoptosis was evaluated by dual Annexin V/PI (propidium iodide) labeling and flow cytometry (FCM) in U266 cells treated with 20μg/ml cerulenin for 12 h or 24 h. Results: By immunohistochemistry, we found that 19 of 27 bone marrow samples obtained from MM patients expressed significantly high levels of FAS. Similarly, by RT-PCR, 22 of 27 bone marrow samples obtained from MM patients, U266 and RPMI8226 showed FAS expression, whereas PBMC samples from 12 healthy donors did not express detectable level of FAS. FAS protein expression was confirmed by immunoblot analysis in 16 of 27 bone marrow samples obtained from MM patients, U266 and RPMI8226 cell lines, and no FAS protein expression was detected in PBMC samples from 12 healthy donors. U266 cells were highly sensitive to cerulenin treatment, with a dosage-related effect on metabolic activity, as a measure for cell proliferation. U266 cells treated with20 μg/ml cerulenin for 12 and 24h also showed early sign of apoptosis with 56.9% and 69.3% Annexin V+/PI+ cells, and late apoptotic and necrotic cells with 3.2% and 17.6% Annexin V+/PI+ cells. Conclusion: Increased FAS expression existed in multiple myeloma samples and human myeloma cell lines

  5. Comparative In Vitro Activities of XRP 2868, Pristinamycin, Quinupristin-Dalfopristin, Vancomycin, Daptomycin, Linezolid, Clarithromycin, Telithromycin, Clindamycin, and Ampicillin against Anaerobic Gram-Positive Species, Actinomycetes, and Lactobacilli

    OpenAIRE

    Goldstein, Ellie J. C.; Citron, Diane M.; Merriam, C. Vreni; Warren, Yumi A.; Tyrrell, Kerin L.; Fernandez, Helen T.; Bryskier, Andre

    2005-01-01

    A comparative study of the in vitro activities of XRP 2868, a new oral streptogramin, against 266 anaerobic gram-positive clinical isolates using the agar dilution method showed that the XRP 2868 MICs for 95% (254 of 266) of isolates were ≤0.5 μg/ml. XRP 2868 MICs for only two strains, one being Clostridium clostridioforme (MIC, 16 μg/ml) and the other being Clostridium difficile (MIC, 32 μg/ml), were >2 μg/ml. Depending on its pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, XRP 2868 has potential for...

  6. Association of four common SNPs in microRNA polymorphisms with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Xinhong; Li, Kai; WU, ZHONGJUN

    2015-01-01

    We conducted a case-control study to investigate genetic variants of miR-146a rs2910164, miR-196a2 rs11614913, miR-149 rs2292832 and miR-499 rs3746444 in the development of HCC in a Chinese population. This case-control study included 266 HCC patients and 266 control subjects between January 2012 and December 2013. Conditional logistical regression analysis indicated that TT genotype and T allele of miR-196a2 rs11614913 carried a 2.29-fold (95% CI = 1.30-4.05) and 1.60-fold (95% CI = 1.11-2.3...

  7. Practical Hydrogen Loading of Air Silica Fibres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Henrik Rokkjær; Jensen, Jesper Bevensee; Jensen, Jesper Bo Damm;

    2005-01-01

    A method for hydrogen-loading air-silica optical fibres has been developed allowing out-diffusion times comparable to standard step-index fibres. Examples of the first grating written in Ge-doped air-silica fibres using a 266nm UV-laser are shown.......A method for hydrogen-loading air-silica optical fibres has been developed allowing out-diffusion times comparable to standard step-index fibres. Examples of the first grating written in Ge-doped air-silica fibres using a 266nm UV-laser are shown....

  8. Development of high-power picosecond fiber-based ultraviolet source

    OpenAIRE

    Canals Casals, Josep

    2014-01-01

    Treball final de màster oficial fet en col·laboració amb Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB) i Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (ICFO) [ANGLÈS] We report a high-power picosecond ultraviolet source at 266 nm in a compact design based on single-pass fourth harmonic generation and mode-locked Yb-fiber laser. The configuration has two stages: SHG of 1064 nm to 532 nm based on BIBO crystal followed by SHG of 532 nm to 266 nm based on BBO crystal. The obtained p...

  9. An experimental paradigm opening the world of superheavy elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armbruster, P.; Münzenberg, Gottfried

    2012-07-01

    The history of the discovery of the six elements Z = 107 ∓ 112, bohrium, hassium, meitnerium, darmstadtium, roentgenium, and copernicium goes back to the early 1960s. An experimental method to separate and identify rare nuclear reaction products, the recoil separation, was developed and optimised for beams of fission products at European research reactors. Chemical elements beyond the then first transactinides ( Z = 104), which owe their stability to the internal structure of atomic nuclei, were predicted theoretically. A big brother of the shell-stabilised nucleus 208Pb, a spherical magic nucleus at Z = 114∓126 and N = 184, might reach lifetimes long enough to be detected. In the seventies, hunting superheavy elements (SHE) was on the agenda of nuclear chemistry. Could the Periodic Table of Elements be extended to Z = 120, and is the order of electrons in the atom still following the laws established for lighter elements? In Germany, the heavy ion accelerator (UNILAC) was built by Christoph Schmelzer and his team at GSI, Darmstadt. SHE and UNILAC met the recoil separators in 1968, and SHIP (Separator for Heavy Ion reaction Products) was ready together with the first UNILAC-beams in 1976. Recoil separation is orders of magnitude more sensitive, selective, and faster than earlier methods used to synthesise elements up to seaborgium, Z = 106. The experimental paradigm we introduced opened the world of SHEs. At SHIP we discovered and investigated the elements Z = 107∓112 in the years 1980-2000. Our laboratory was the world champion during this time. Today our experimental method is used worldwide in the search for SHEs, but the leadership went to the Russian laboratory JINR in Dubna, which extended the Periodic Table by 6 more elements to Z = 118, the candidate for the next rare gas.

  10. Synthesis of the heaviest nuclei in cold fusion reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Münzenberg, G.; Morita, K.

    2015-12-01

    Cold fusion of heavy ions paved the way to superheavy elements. It was proposed by Yu.Ts. Oganessian more than forty years ago in 1974 [1,2]. First experiments were carried out at JINR Dubna, starting with the reaction 40Ar + 208Pb → 248Fm* where several hundreds to thousand atoms were produced on one day. The large production rate indicating an enhancement of the fusion cross section, especially for the evaporation of two or three neutrons, proved the concept of cold-fusion with the use of the doubly magic nucleus 208Pb as a target. The Dubna experiments were extended to the transactinide region beyond rutherfordium. The breakthrough came with the separation in-flight. Two different approaches were used: kinematic separation with the velocity filter SHIP [3] at GSI Darmstadt, and with the gasfilled separator GARIS [4,5] at RIKEN. With SHIP the concept of cold fusion of massive nuclear systems was convincingly confirmed by the observation of the one-neutron evaporation channel in the production of 247Rf in an irradiation of 208Pb with 50Ti [6] in 1981 which opened the way to the transactinide region. At SHIP the elements bohrium (107) to copernicium (112) were discovered [7]. A new closed shell region around hassium was found. The RIKEN experiments started in 2002. They confirmed the GSI results and in addition improved the data on structure and production of elements hassium to copernicium significantly. The heaviest element ever created in a cold fusion reaction, Z = 113, was observed at GARIS [8,9].

  11. Developmental Trajectories of Acculturation in Hispanic Adolescents: Associations with Family Functioning and Adolescent Risk Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Seth J.; Des Rosiers, Sabrina; Huang, Shi; Zamboanga, Byron L.; Unger, Jennifer B.; Knight, George P.; Pantin, Hilda; Szapocznik, Jose

    2013-01-01

    This study examined longitudinal acculturation patterns, and their associations with family functioning and adolescent risk behaviors, in Hispanic immigrant families. A sample of 266 Hispanic adolescents (M[subscript age] = 13.4) and their primary parents completed measures of acculturation, family functioning, and adolescent conduct problems,…

  12. Serum cholesterol decline and depression in the postpartum period

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, van R.M.; Schuit, A.J.; Schouten, E.G.; Vader, H.L.; Pop, V.J.M.

    1999-01-01

    We examined the relation between total serum cholesterol decline and depression in the postpartum period in a prospective study of 266 Dutch women, who were followed until 34 weeks after delivery. The decline in serum cholesterol between week 32 of pregnancy and week 10 postpartum was similar for wo

  13. 40 CFR 261.39 - Conditional Exclusion for Used, Broken Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) and Processed CRT Glass...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... complete until any such claim is resolved in accordance with 40 CFR 260.2. (v) The export of CRTs is... CFR part 266, subpart C instead of the requirements of this section. ... Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) and Processed CRT Glass Undergoing Recycling. 261.39 Section 261.39 Protection...

  14. File list: Oth.PSC.50.AllAg.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Oth.PSC.50.AllAg.AllCell hg19 TFs and others Pluripotent stem cell SRX753143,SRX266...02090,SRX702088,SRX702110,SRX702105 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/Oth.PSC.50.AllAg.AllCell.bed ...

  15. The Effect of Morphaction on the Kinetics of Indol-3yl-Acetic Acid-2-14C Transport in Zea Mays L. Coleoptile Segments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naqvi, S. M.

    1972-01-01

    This paper elucidates the effects of chloroflurenol (morphactin, IT 3456) treatment on the kinetics of 14C-IAA transport through Zea mays L. (cv. Orla-266) coleoptile segments. Maximum inhibition of transport was achieved when chloroflurenol remained in contact with the tissue segments for at least...

  16. Bio-ag reutilization of distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS) as a substrate for black soldier fly larvae, Hermetia illucens, along with poultry by-product meal and soybean meal, as total replacement of fish meal in

    Science.gov (United States)

    A feeding trial was conducted in a closed system with Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, juveniles (mean initial weight, 2.66 g) to examine total replacement of menhaden fish meal (FM) with distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS), which had been used as substrate for the production of black ...

  17. "美文"一篇,遐思无限

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海梅

    2010-01-01

    @@ Reading Expression Words:266 Time: 12 minutes As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down. But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body.

  18. Effectiveness in Learning Newton's Second Law of Motion in Secondary School Physics Using Three Methods of Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geiger, H. Bruce

    Compared were inductive programed, deductive programed, and conventional lecture-question methods of instruction related to Newton's Second Law of Motion on outcome gains including recall of factual information, ability to solve mathematical problems, and retention. Some 266 students in three schools participated and were compared for…

  19. The Association of Parenting Style and Child Age with Parental Limit Setting and Adolescent MySpace Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Larry D.; Cheever, Nancy A.; Carrier, L. Mark

    2008-01-01

    Parent and teen MySpace user pairs completed online surveys administered in June (N = 266) and September 2006 (N = 341) to assess relationships between parenting styles and limit setting and monitoring of online behaviors, the prevalence of Internet dangers and pre-teen and teen MySpace behaviors. Cross-comparison measures of MySpace usage,…

  20. 40 CFR 63.4551 - How do I demonstrate initial compliance with the emission limitations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... initial compliance demonstration for each general use, TPO, automotive lamp, and assembled on-road vehicle... Products” (incorporated by reference, see § 63.14), information from the supplier or manufacturer of the... facility that is regulated as a TSDF under 40 CFR part 262, 264, 265, or 266. The TSDF may be either...

  1. Self-Graded Homework: Some Empirical Tests of Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simkin, Mark; Stiver, Debra

    2016-01-01

    Allowing students to grade their own homework promises many advantages. But can students perform such grading tasks honestly and accurately? Also, do such assessments vary by gender? To answer these questions, the authors analyzed the homework scores of 266 students in seven introductory programming classes. The statistical results were favorable…

  2. Thermal hypersensitisation and grating evolution in Ge-doped optical fibre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Henrik Rokkjær; Canning, John; Kristensen, Martin

    2005-01-01

    Low temperature (sub 1000°C) thermal hypersensitisation is reported in germanosilicate optical waveguides. Gratings are written using a CW 266nm laser source. In contrast to laser hypersensitisation, thermal excitation is generally dispersive involving a range of specific glass sites. More complex...

  3. Ühetaoline mõistekasutus karistusõiguses. Riigikohtu otsus 3-1-1-40-12 / Jaan Sootak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sootak, Jaan, 1948-

    2012-01-01

    Karistusseadustiku § 266 (omavoliline sissetung) koosseisutunnuste – valdus, võõras asi, sissetungimise ebaseaduslikkus – käsitlusest Riigikohtu otsuses 3-1-1-40-12. Süülise hädaseisundi olemusest ja selle õiguslikest tagajärgedest

  4. Nanosecond pulsed laser deposition of TiO{sub 2}: nanostructure and morphology of deposits and plasma diagnosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanz, Mikel; Walczak, Malgorzata; Oujja, Mohamed; Cuesta, Angel [Instituto de Quimica Fisica Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Castillejo, Marta, E-mail: marta.castillejo@iqfr.csic.e [Instituto de Quimica Fisica Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2009-10-30

    Nanostructured TiO{sub 2} films on Si (100) substrates have been grown by nanosecond pulsed laser deposition at the wavelengths of 266, 355 and 532 nm using a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser and TiO{sub 2} sintered rutile targets. The effect of laser irradiation wavelength, the temperature of the substrate and the presence of O{sub 2} as background gas on the crystallinity and surface structure of deposits were determined, together with the composition, expansion dynamics and thermodynamic parameters of the ablation plume. Deposits were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, environmental scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy, while in situ monitoring of the plume was carried out and characterized with spectral, temporal and spatial resolution by optical emission spectroscopy. Stoichiometric, crystalline deposits, with nanostructured morphology were obtained at substrate temperatures above 600 {sup o}C. Microscopic particulates were found overimposed on the nanostructured films but their size and density were significantly reduced by operating at short wavelength (266 nm) and upon addition of a low pressure of oxygen (0.05 Pa). The dominant crystalline phase is rutile at 355 and 532 nm. At the short irradiation wavelength, 266 nm, the preferred phase in the presence of oxygen is rutile, while anatase is preferably observed under vacuum. The narrowest size distribution and smallest nanoparticle diameters, of around 25 nm, were found by deposition at 266 nm under 0.05 Pa of oxygen.

  5. What Do Young Children Dream about?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honig, Alice Sterling; Nealis, Arlene L.

    2012-01-01

    Young children's dreams can be a way for teachers and caregivers to share with children and an opportunity for children to describe and even draw dreams. In two different preschool settings, in two different geographical locales, 94 children, aged 3-5 years, shared 266 dreams with a trusted, familiar teacher. Dreams were coded anonymously. The…

  6. Vocational Exploration in Middle School: Motivational Characteristics of Students and Perceptions of the Learning Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duchesne, Stephane; Mercier, Adeline; Ratelle, Catherine F.

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this study was twofold: first, to identify vocational exploration profiles in the second year of middle school (Grade 8), and second, to distinguish these profiles in terms of sociomotivational variables. The sample included 521 students (255 boys, 266 girls) attending middle schools in Quebec. Results revealed three vocational…

  7. Breast cancer genome and transcriptome integration implicates specific mutational signatures with immune cell infiltration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Smid (Marcel); F.G. Rodriguez-Gonzalez (F. German); A.M. Sieuwerts (Anieta); R. Salgado (Roberto); W.J.C. Prager-van der Smissen (Wendy); Vlugt-Daane, M.V.D. (Michelle Van Der); A. van Galen (Anne); S. Nik-Zainal (Serena); J. Staaf (Johan); A.B. Brinkman (Arie B.); M.J. Vijver (Marc ); A.L. Richardson (Andrea); A. Fatima (Aquila); Berentsen, K. (Kim); A. Butler (Adam); S. Martin (Sandra); H. Davies (Helen); J.E.M.A. Debets (Reno); M.E.M.-V. Gelder (Marion E. Meijer-Van); C.H.M. van Deurzen (Carolien); Macgrogan, G. (Gaëtan); Van Den Eynden, G.G.G.M. (Gert G. G. M.); C.A. Purdie (Colin A.); A.M. Thompson (Alastair M.); C. Caldas (Carlos); P.N. Span (Paul); Simpson, P.T. (Peter T.); S. Lakhani (Sunil); S.J. van Laere (Steven); C. Desmedt (Christine); Ringnér, M. (Markus); Tommasi, S. (Stefania); Eyford, J. (Jorunn); A. Broeks (Annegien); A. Vincent-Salomon (Anne); Futreal, P.A. (P. Andrew); S. Knappskog (Stian); King, T. (Tari); G. Thomas (Gilles); Viari, A. (Alain); Langerød, A. (Anita); A.-L. Borresen-Dale (Anne-Lise); E. Birney (Ewan); H. Stunnenberg (Henk); M.R. Stratton (Michael); J.A. Foekens (John); J.W.M. Martens (John)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractA recent comprehensive whole genome analysis of a large breast cancer cohort was used to link known and novel drivers and substitution signatures to the transcriptome of 266 cases. Here, we validate that subtype-specific aberrations show concordant expression changes for, for example, TP

  8. Comparing Three South African Student Cohorts on Their Attitudes to the Rights of Working Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Cynthia Joan

    2016-01-01

    This study compares three cohorts (1998-1999, 2005-2006 and 2010) of undergraduate psychology students at a South African university on the level of support for working women (women in paid employment) on various issues considered to be feminist. Cohort 1 (n?=?244), cohort 2 (n?=?311) and cohort 3 (n?=?266) completed an adapted version of a…

  9. Does Self-Image Matter? Client's Self-Image, Behaviour and Evaluation of a Career Counselling Session: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schedin, Gunnar; Armelius, Kerstin

    2008-01-01

    This exploratory study addresses differences in self-image as a client characteristic in career counselling by using the Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour (Benjamin, L., "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology," 64(6), 1203-1212, 1996; Benjamin, L., "Journal of Personality Assessment," 66(2), 248-266, 1996) and an adaptation…

  10. Creating and Sustaining School Capacity in the Twenty-First Century: Funding a Physical Environment Conducive to Student Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crampton, Faith E.; Thompson, David C.; Hagey, Janis M.

    2001-01-01

    Results of state-by-state study of unmet school infrastructure needs using multiple data sources. Found that aggregate unmet infrastructure needs of $266.1 billion were significantly larger than found in earlier studies and varied substantially among states. Suggests different short- and long-term funding strategies to address problem. Includes…

  11. 40 CFR 264.1087 - Standards: Closed-vent systems and control devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements of 40 CFR part 266, subpart H; or (E) A boiler or industrial furnace burning hazardous waste for... paragraphs (c)(2)(i) through (c)(2)(vi) of this section. (i) Periods of planned routine maintenance of the... section for control devices do not apply during periods of planned routine maintenance. (iii)...

  12. 40 CFR 63.693 - Standards: Closed-vent systems and control devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... status requirements of 40 CFR part 265, subpart O. (F) Burned in a boiler or industrial furnace for which... requirements of 40 CFR part 266, subpart H. (G) Burned in a boiler or industrial furnace for which the owner or... bypassed for the purpose of performing planned routine maintenance of the closed-vent system or...

  13. Letters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-04-01

    Coulombic Models in Chemical Bonding by Lawrence J. Sacks and by Derek W. Smith Re: articles by R. J. Gillespie and by D. W. Smith D. W. Smith replies Capsaicin Hazard by Paul E. Vorndam Re: article by J. D. Batchelor and B. T. Jones B. T. Jones reply Editor's Note: Hazards Re: JCE 1999, 76, 240 and JCE 2000, 77, 266.

  14. Drug: D01168 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01168 Drug Potassium hydroxide (JP16/NF); Potassium hydroxide (TN) KOH 55.9664 56....Glycerin and potash solution [DR:D04809] Therapeutic category of drugs in Japan [BR:br08301] 2 Agents affect...ing individual organs 26 Epidermides 266 Emollients 2662 Alkaline agents D01168 Potassium hydr

  15. Shanghai:2011,total imports of cotton up by 26.4%

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    According to Shanghai Customs statistics, in 2011, Shanghai Customs District imported a total of 959000 tons of cotton, increased by 26.4% over the previous year; worth $ 2.66 billion, an increase of 70.7%; import average price

  16. 40 CFR 63.489 - Batch front-end process vents-monitoring equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... pressure drop. (B) If the scrubber is subject to regulations in 40 CFR parts 264 through 266 that have... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Batch front-end process vents... § 63.489 Batch front-end process vents—monitoring equipment. (a) General requirements. Each owner...

  17. 40 CFR 63.490 - Batch front-end process vents-performance test methods and procedures to determine compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... interim status requirements of 40 CFR part 265, subpart O. (c) Batch front-end process vent testing and... applicable procedures of Method 301, 40 CFR part 63, appendix A. (e) Aggregate batch vent stream testing for... under 40 CFR part 270 and complies with the requirements of 40 CFR part 266, subpart H; or (ii)...

  18. 40 CFR 63.1324 - Batch process vents-monitoring equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... (B) If the scrubber is subject to regulations in 40 CFR parts 264 through 266 that have required a... 40 Protection of Environment 11 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Batch process vents-monitoring... Batch process vents—monitoring equipment. (a) General requirements. Each owner or operator of a...

  19. 75 FR 16346 - Ophthalmic and Topical Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Orbifloxacin, Mometasone Furoate Monohydrate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a new animal drug application (NADA) filed by Intervet, Inc. The NADA provides for the veterinary prescription use of a suspension containing... Livingston Ave., Roseland, NJ 07068, filed NADA 141-266 that provides for veterinary prescription use...

  20. The Correlation between Ultrasound Testicular Volume and Conventional Semen Parameters in Albanian Subfertile Males

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Kristo

    2014-09-01

    CONCLUSION: Testicular volume has a direct correlation with semen parameters and the critical total testicular volume indicating normal testicular function is approximately 26.6 ml (the mean testicular volume 13.3 ml. The measurement of testicular volume can be helpful for assessing fertility at the initial physical examination.

  1. Randomized Controlled Trial of the Focus Parent Training for Toddlers with Autism: 1-Year Outcome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oosterling, Iris; Visser, Janne; Swinkels, Sophie; Rommelse, Nanda; Donders, Rogier; Woudenberg, Tim; Roos, Sascha; van der Gaag, Rutger Jan; Buitelaar, Jan

    2010-01-01

    This randomized controlled trial compared results obtained after 12 months of nonintensive parent training plus care-as-usual and care-as-usual alone. The training focused on stimulating joint attention and language skills and was based on the intervention described by Drew et al. (Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatr 11:266-272, 2002). Seventy-five…

  2. 76 FR 70921 - Implementation of the Fair Housing Act's Discriminatory Effects Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-16

    ... Discrimination in Lending, 59 FR 18,266, 18,268 (Apr. 15, 1994). In addition, in regulations implementing the... (Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac), 60 FR. 61,846, 61,867 (Dec. 1... Standard Under the Fair Housing Act While the discriminatory effects theory of liability under the...

  3. La transmisión del legado de los judeoalepinos en México /

    OpenAIRE

    Charabati Nehmad, Esther

    2012-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctorado en Pedagogía, presenta Esther Charabati Nehmad ; tutor principal de tesis Alicia Hamui Sutton266 páginas : ilustracionesDoctorado en Pedagogía Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2012 Programa de Posgrado en Pedagogía

  4. Nepheliosyne B, a New Polyacetylenic Acid from the New Caledonian Marine Sponge Niphates sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Auberger

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A new C47 polyoxygenated acetylenic acid, nepheliosyne B (2, along with the previously described nepheliosyne A (1, have been isolated from the New Caledonian marine sponge Niphates sp. Their structures have been elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses. These metabolites exhibited a moderate cytotoxicity against K562, U266, SKM1, and Kasumi cancer cell lines.

  5. Trends of wave height and period in the Central Arabian Sea from 1996 to 2012: A study based on satellite altimeter data

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Hithin, N.K.; SanilKumar, V.; Shanas, P.R.

    trend of 0.63 cm yr−1 in the annual mean SWH. In contrast, a negative trend of 2.66 cm yr−1 is found for the annual maximum SWH due to the decreasing trend of extreme tropical cyclone events. The annual mean and maximum wave period...

  6. Drug: D04811 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04811 Mixture, Drug Sulfur and camphor (JP16); Sulfur and camphor (TN) Sulfur [DR:...1] 2 Agents affecting individual organs 26 Epidermides 266 Emollients 2669 Others D04811 Sulfur and camphor (JP16) PubChem: 17398180 ...

  7. Understanding Discrepancy in Perceptions of Values: Individuals with Mild to Moderate Dementia and Their Family Caregivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reamy, Allison M.; Kim, Kyungmin; Zarit, Steven H.; Whitlatch, Carol J.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose of the Study: We explore discrepancies in perceptions of values and care preferences between individuals with dementia (IWDs) and their family caregivers. Design and Methods: We interviewed 266 dyads consisting of an individual with mild to moderate dementia and his or her family caregiver to determine IWDs' beliefs for 5 values related to…

  8. 8-mJ TEM(00) diode-end-pumped frequency-quadrupled Nd:YAG laser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feugnet, G; Pocholle, J P

    1998-01-01

    A frequency-quadrupled Nd:YAG laser pumped by a commercially available high-brightness stack is described. A master oscillator power amplifier configuration was implanted, and the laser delivered energy of 8 mJ at 0.266microm . The laser was air cooled for easy use.

  9. Domain Modeling: NP_660281.2 [SAHG[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NP_660281.2 chr1 Structure of the Wilms Tumor Suppressor Protein Zinc Finger Domain... Bound to DNA p2prta_ chr1/NP_660281.2/NP_660281.2_holo_261-368.pdb psi-blast 265T,266S,267E,268K,270Q,271G,

  10. Many Hands, Few Jobs: Population, Unemployment and Emigration in Mexico and the Caribbean. Center for Immigration Studies Paper 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouvier, Leon; Simcox, David E.

    Between 1940 and 1980, Mexico and other Caribbean nations grew by an annual average of three percent, doubling in population every 21 years. Mexico's population will reach 109 million and the Caribbean nations will top 250 million by 2000. The projected U.S. population in 2000 is 266 million. This dynamic growth has serious implications for Mexico…

  11. Generic Reference in English, Arabic and Malay: A Cross Linguistic Typology and Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    AL-Malki, Eidhah Abdullah; Majid, Norazman Abdul; Omar, Noor Abidah Mohd

    2014-01-01

    According to the Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English 1999 by Biber et al. (p. 266) generic article uses are more than twice as common in academic English than in conversation or fiction. This is an area that English for Academic Purpose (EPA) textbooks and teachers would need to target more than general English teaching. This paper is…

  12. Parental Influence on Chinese Students' Achievement: A Social Capital Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Dan

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines how social capital formed by effective parental practices within Chinese families influences student achievement. Survey responses from 266 students from Grades 4 to 6 in a suburban elementary school in China were analysed to identify their perceptions of parental practices (support, pressure, help, monitoring and…

  13. The Contingent Value of Organizational Integration

    OpenAIRE

    Virpi Turkulainen; Mikko Ketokivi

    2013-01-01

    We elaborate the link between organizational design and effectiveness by examining organizational integration and performance in the context of modern manufacturing. Through careful contextualization and empirical analysis of 266 manufacturing organizations in three industries and nine countries, we uncover a joint effect of integration and complexity on organizational effectiveness. The results extend structural contingency theory, in particular the mechanisms that link organizational integr...

  14. Social Studies Student Teachers' Levels of Understanding Sociology Concepts within Social Studies Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karatekin, Kadir

    2013-01-01

    This study aims at investigating social studies student teachers' levels of understanding sociology concepts within social studies curriculum. Study group of the research consists of 266 teacher candidates attending the Department of Social Studies, Faculty of Education, Kastamonu University during 2012 to 2013 education year. A semi-structured…

  15. Diagnostic Accuracy of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist–Civilian Version in a Representative Military Sample

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karstoft, Karen-Inge; Andersen, Søren B.; Bertelsen, Mette;

    2014-01-01

    military sample compared to a clinical interview. Danish soldiers (N = 415; 94.4% male, mean age 26.6 years) were assessed with the PCL-C and the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV (SCID; First, Spitzer, Gibbon, & Williams, 2002) 2.5 years after their return from deployment to Afghanistan...

  16. Catalog of insect type specimens preserved at the Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Science with corrections of some specimens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kai-Qin; Wang, Yun-Zhen; Dong, Da-Zhi; Zhang, Li-Kun

    2015-09-18

    This article presents a list of insect types preserved in Kunming Natural History Museum of Zoology (KNHMZ). As of March, 2015, 3 412 type specimens belonging to 266 species/subspecies of 37 families in 9 orders (Odonata, Isoptera, Mantodea, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera) are included. Information corrections of some specimens are provided in this article. PMID:26452692

  17. Facing the Changes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FIONAWANG

    2004-01-01

    Guangzhou, the most prosperous city of South China, has been chosen as the host city for the Asian Games. The mayor of the city promised an investment ot about 22o billion yuan (US$26.6 billion) in the run-up to the event to improve infrastructure.

  18. Growth in labour productivity of forestry and regional development : a study based on Finnish experience / Seppo Vehkamäki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vehkamäki, Seppo

    2003-01-01

    Regionaaltasandil mõjutab metsandussektori töö tootlikkus nii puidutoodete konkurentsivõimet, metsanduse konkurentsivõimelisust tööjõu ja teiste tootmissisendite osas, majanduslikku mitmekesistumist ja arengut kui ka demograafilist ja sotsiaalset arengut. Tabelid. Lisad lk. 265-266

  19. 26 CFR 1.9200-1 - Deduction for motor carrier operating authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Tax Reform Act of 1969 § 1.9200-1 Deduction for motor carrier operating authority. (a) In general. Section 266 of the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 (Pub. L. 97-34, 95... such section as it existed before amendment by the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982.......

  20. Apoptotic effects of non-edible parts of Punica granatum on human multiple myeloma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiraz, Yağmur; Neergheen-Bhujun, Vidushi S; Rummun, Nawraj; Baran, Yusuf

    2016-02-01

    Multiple myeloma is of great concern since existing therapies are unable to cure this clinical condition. Alternative therapeutic approaches are mandatory, and the use of plant extracts is considered interesting. Punica granatum and its derived products were suggested as potential anticancer agents due to the presence of bioactive compounds. Thus, polypenolic-rich extracts of the non-edible parts of P. granatum were investigated for their antiproliferative and apoptotic effects on U266 multiple myeloma cells. We demonstrated that there were dose-dependent decreases in the proliferation of U266 cells in response to P. granatum extracts. Also, exposure to the extracts triggered apoptosis with significant increases in loss of mitochondrial membrane potential in U266 cells exposed to the leaves and stem extracts, while the flower extract resulted in slight increases in loss of MMP. These results were confirmed by Annexin-V analysis. These results documented the cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of P. granatum extracts on human U266 multiple myeloma cells via disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential and increasing cell cycle arrest. The data suggest that the extracts can be envisaged in cancer chemoprevention and call for further exploration into the potential application of these plant parts. PMID:26318303

  1. Non-Cognitive Constructs and Self-Reported Creativity by Domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Candice D.; Kaufman, James C.; McClure, Faith H.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which non-cognitive constructs (personality, thinking styles, motivation, and psychological well-being) would predict self-reported creativity across different domains among 266 college students. Consistent with hypotheses, openness, legislative thinking styles, and intrinsic motivation were…

  2. 75 FR 63506 - Logging Operations; Extension of the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Approval of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Logging Operations; Extension of the Office of Management and... specified in its Standard on Logging Operations (29 CFR 1910.266). DATES: Comments must be submitted..., operation, and maintenance of tools, machines, and vehicles the worker/supervisor uses or operates, as...

  3. Dos tesis convertidas en un libro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renán Vega Cantor

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Esclavos, negros libres y bogas en la literatura del siglo XIX. María Camila Nieto Villamizar y María Riaño Pradilla. Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Departamento de Historia, Centro de Estudios Socioculturales e Internacionales (Ceso, Bogotá, 2011. 266 págs., il.

  4. Ytringsfriheden, "Racismen", "fremmedhadet"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasselbalch, Ole

    2007-01-01

    I "kampen" mod "racisme og fremmedhad" har politiske slogans fortrængt den nøgterne jura. Forholdet kommer til udtryk i en ny rammeafgørelse fra EU's ministerråd. Problemstillingen gennemgås konceptuelt med afsæt i rammeafgørelsen, og linjen trækkes til straffelovens § 266 b ("racismeparagraffen...

  5. Reference: HBOXCONSENSUSPVCHS [PLACE

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available HBOXCONSENSUSPVCHS Mhiri C, Morel JB, Vernhettes S, Casacuberta JM, Lucas H, Grandb...astien MA The promoter of the tobacco Tnt1 retrotransposon is induced by wounding and by abiotic stress Plant Mol Biol 33:257-266 (1997) PubMed: 9037144; ...

  6. School Counselors' and Principals' Perceptions of Violence: Guns, Gangs and Drugs in Rural Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrow, Rosemary; VanZommeren, Wayne; Young, Clark; Holtman, Paula

    2001-01-01

    Research investigating perceptions of guns, gangs, drugs, and violence in rural schools surveyed 266 principals and counselors in rural elementary, middle, and high schools in northern Missouri. Smaller schools and elementary schools had fewer problems than larger and middle/high schools. Community collaboration is essential to solving…

  7. PCR specific for Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhou, L.; Jones, S.C.P.; Angen, Øystein;

    2008-01-01

    , but the method has liminations, for example, cross-reactions between serotypes 3, 6, and 8. This study describes the development of a serotype 3-specific PCR, based on the capsule locus, which can be used in a multiplex format with the organism's specific gene apxIV. The PCR test was evaluated on 266 strains...

  8. Nursing care for people with advanced lung diseases and their families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sorknæs, Anne Dichmann; Jest, Peder; Bech, Mickael;

    -in computer including a web camera, microphone and measurement equipment. Primary outcome: consisted of the total number of readmissions within 26 weeks after discharge. Results: A total of 266 patients (mean age 71.5 years, SD 9.5 years) were allocated to either TVC (n=132) or CT (n=134). No significant...

  9. Brazilian Mothers' Socialization Goals: Intracultural Differences in Seven Brazilian Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seidl-de-Moura, Maria Lucia; Lordelo, Eulina; Vieira, Mauro Luis; Piccinini, Cesar Augusto; Siqueira, Jose de Oliveira; Magalhaes, Celina Maria Colino; Pontes, Fernando Augusto Ramos; Salomao, Nadia Maria; Rimoli, Adriana

    2008-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate Brazilian mothers' socialization goals. The participants in the study were 349 primiparous mothers, whose ages ranged from 17 to 47 years (mean = 26.6 years), who had children aged between 1 and 48 months (mean = 16.4 months). The families were living in seven different cities representing each of the five…

  10. Efficacy of Oral Vancomycin in Preventing Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection in Patients Treated With Systemic Antimicrobial Agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hise, Nicholas W; Bryant, Alex M; Hennessey, Erin K; Crannage, Andrew J; Khoury, Jad A; Manian, Farrin A

    2016-09-01

    We compared rates of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection in patients receiving or not receiving oral vancomycin prophylaxis with systemic antimicrobial therapy. The incidence of C. difficile infection was significantly lower in patients receiving prophylaxis (4.2% vs 26.6% in those without prophylaxis; odds ratio, 0.12; 95% confidence interval, .04-.4; P < .001). PMID:27318333

  11. Dicty_cDB: AFL124 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available pph30f12, 3' end, single read. 266 1e-96 2 CN206669 |CN206669.1 Tor7097 Gametophyte rehydration... 66 1e-06 1 CN206834 |CN206834.1 Tor7258 Gametophyte rehydration Library Tortula ruralis cDNA, mRNA sequence

  12. Freezing and crushing technique: a new concept for the extraction of testicular spermatozoa from men with nonobstructive azoospermia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zohdy, Wael; Abbas, Samir; Abdel Jalil, Ahmed K

    2009-02-01

    Ninety samples were harvested from 20 men with nonobstructive azoospermia and divided into two fractions; the first fraction was minced, and the second fraction was exposed to the freezing and crushing (FC) technique. The sperm recovery rate was found to be 21/30 (70%) in the FC fractions compared with 8/30 (26.6%) in the mincing fractions. PMID:18249382

  13. Domain Modeling: NP_066574.2 [SAHG[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NP_066574.2 chr2 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A DESIGNED ZINC FINGER PROTEIN BOUND TO DNA c1meyf_ chr2/NP_066574.2.../NP_066574.2_holo_254-335.pdb blast 255K,259C,261E,262C,263G,264K,265A,266F,267F,268D

  14. Interpersonal Communication Barriers Identified by Business Communication Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golen, Steven

    1985-01-01

    Presents a study conducted to determine which barriers to effective communication are perceived as most serious by business communication students and to test for differences in the seriousness of the communication barriers based on various student characteristics. The sample consisted of 266 student registered in 10 sections of business…

  15. Disease: H00351 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available acteria that causes human respiratory infections. Repeated or prolonged exposure to Cp. pneumoniae is associated with asthma...tic bronchitis and asthma, and chronic infection can contribute to the development of adult-onset asthma...ov R Association of Chlamydia pneumoniae (strain TWAR) infection with wheezing, asthmatic bronchitis, and adult-onset asthma. JAMA 266:225-30 (1991) ...

  16. 76 FR 71079 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-16

    ... without the approval of the Archivist of the United States. This approval is granted only after a thorough..., Ethics Office (N1-266-11-2, 1 item, 1 temporary item). Employee conduct files including documentation on ethics training and guidance received by staff. 25. Social Security Administration, Office of...

  17. 41 CFR 300-3.1 - What do the following terms mean?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... “conference” also applies to training activities that are considered to be conferences under 5 CFR 410.404... vehicles; (iii) Live animals including birds, fish, reptiles; (iv) Cordwood and building materials; (v) HHG... to travel in accordance with rules in 41 CFR 301-10.260 through 301-10.266 and 41 CFR...

  18. Upgrading of straw hydrolysate for production of hydrogen and phenols in a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Anders; Marzorati, Massimo; Boon, Nico;

    2011-01-01

    simultaneous production of hydrogen from consumption of 95% for the hemicellulose and 100% of the fatty acids. Final calculations showed that hydrolysate produced from 1 kg wheat straw was upgraded by means of the MEC to 22 g hydrogen (266 L), 8 g xylan, and 9 g polyphenolics for potential utilization...

  19. Two distinct regions of the BPV1 E1 replication protein interact with the activation domain of E2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moscufo, N; Sverdrup, F; Breiding, D E; Androphy, E J

    1999-12-15

    Papillomavirus E1 and E2 proteins co-operation in viral DNA replication is mediated by protein-protein interactions that lead to formation of an E1-E2 complex. To identify the domains involved, portions of the two proteins were expressed as fusions to the DNA-binding protein LexA or the transactivation domain of VP16 and analyzed by the yeast two-hybrid system. The C-terminal 266 amino acids of BPV1 E1 (E1C266) interacted strongly with E2 in the yeast system and in a mammalian two-hybrid assay. VP16-E1C266 interacted with a region encompassing amino acids 1-200 of the transactivation domain of E2 that was fused to LexA. The interaction between E1 full length and E2 was clearly observed only when E1 was expressed as LexA-E1 chimera. In addition, we found that in the LexA context also the N-terminal region encompassing the first 340 amino acids of E1 (E1N340) interacted with E2 full length. The interactions of E1N340 and E1C266 with E2 were confirmed also by in vitro binding studies. These observations demonstrate that two distinct regions of E1 mediate the interaction with E2 in vivo. PMID:10581387

  20. Bilingual Enrichment Services and Training (Project BEST): Community School District 2, Manhattan. Final Evaluation Report, 1992-93. OER Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musante, Patricia

    This report presents an evaluation of Bilingual Enrichment Services and Training (Project BEST), an Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title VII-funded project in its third year of operation at four schools in Manhattan. The project served 266 Cantonese-, Fukienese, and Mandarin-speaking gifted students of limited English proficiency.…

  1. Improving Awareness of Health Hazards Associated with Air Pollution in Primary School Children: Design and Test of Didactic Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carducci, Annalaura; Casini, Beatrice; Donzelli, Gabriele; Verani, Marco; Bruni, Beatrice; Ceretti, Elisabetta; Zani, Claudia; Carraro, Elisabetta; Bonetta, Sara; Bagordo, Francesco; Grassi, Tiziana; Villarini, Milena; Bonizzoni, Silvia; Zagni, Licia; Gelatti, Umberto

    2016-01-01

    One of the objectives of the MAPEC-Life project is raising children's awareness on air quality and its health effects. To achieve this goal, we designed didactic tools for primary school students, including leaflets with more information for teachers, a cartoon, and three educational videogames. The tools were then tested with 266 children who…

  2. Humanistic and Behavioristic Psychology Teachers on the Precollege Level: Are Their Approaches Different?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahl, Robert J.

    1977-01-01

    A research project evaluated teaching approaches of precollege humanistic and behavioristic psychology teachers in 266 public and 71 private schools in Florida. Findings indicate that there exists no real difference between humanistic and behavioristic psychology teachers and their respective courses. (Author/DB)

  3. Bibliography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1959-01-01

    Abbayes, Henri des: Quelques Cladonia (Lichens) des régions intertropicales, nouveaux ou peu connus, conservés dans l’Herbier de Kew (Kew Bull. 1956, 259-266). Contains some records from New Guinea, Siam, etc. Arisz, W.H.: Herinneringen uit drie perioden van plantenphysiologisch onderzoek. Groningen

  4. Education for Sustainability: A Case Study of Preservice Primary Teachers' Knowledge and Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Effeney, Gerard; Davis, Julie

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the relationships between knowledge and efficacy for teaching sustainability in a sample of 266 pre-service primary teachers at a large, metropolitan university in Australia. A survey gathered information about the participant's attitudes and self-efficacy for education for sustainability, along with their perceived…

  5. Drug: D04810 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04810 Drug Potash soap (JP16); Potash soap (TN) Therapeutic category: 2359 2662 26...an agents 235 Purgatives, clysters 2359 Others D04810 Potash soap (JP16) 26 Epidermides 266 Emollients 2662 ...Alkaline agents D04810 Potash soap (JP16) 269 Miscellaneous 2699 Others D04810 Potash soap (JP16) PubChem: 17398179 ...

  6. 40 CFR 261.6 - Requirements for recyclable materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (40 CFR part 266, subpart H); (iii) Recyclable materials from which precious metals are reclaimed (40... operators of facilities that recycle recyclable materials without storing them before they are recycled are... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirements for recyclable...

  7. Population Pharmacokinetics of Abacavir in Pregnant Women

    OpenAIRE

    Fauchet, Floris; Treluyer, Jean-Marc; Préta, Laure-Helene; Valade, Elodie; Pannier, Emmanuelle; Urien, Saik; Hirt, Déborah

    2014-01-01

    For the first time, a population approach was used to describe abacavir (ABC) pharmacokinetics in HIV-infected pregnant and nonpregnant women. A total of 266 samples from 150 women were obtained. No covariate effect (from age, body weight, pregnancy, or gestational age) on ABC pharmacokinetics was found. Thus, it seems unnecessary to adapt the ABC dosing regimen during pregnancy.

  8. Evaluation of Interoperability Protocols in Repositories of Electronic Theses and Dissertations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakimjavadi, Hesamedin; Masrek, Mohamad Noorman

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the status of eight interoperability protocols within repositories of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) as an introduction to further studies on feasibility of deploying these protocols in upcoming areas of interoperability. Design/methodology/approach: Three surveys of 266 ETD…

  9. Reference: ARE1 [PLACE

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ARE1 Rushmore TH, Morton MR, Pickett CB The antioxidant responsive element. Activat...ion by oxidative stress and identification of the DNA consensus sequence required for functional activity. J Biol Chem 266:11632-11639 (1991) PubMed: 1646813; ...

  10. Unique and Interactive Effects of Empathy and Social Status on Involvement in Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caravita, Simona C. S.; Di Blasio, Paola; Salmivalli, Christina

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the relationships between affective and cognitive empathy, social preference and perceived popularity, and involvement in bullying situations by bullying others or defending the victimized children. The participants were 266 primary and 195 secondary school students. Affective and cognitive empathy, as well as the status…

  11. 40 CFR 271.21 - Procedures for revision of State programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... amendments to 40 CFR parts 124, 270, 260-266, or 268 and any self-implementing statutory provisions (i.e... the documentation described in paragraph (b) of this section to revise its program. (f) A State must... Monitoring Activities, Methods Innovation Rule July 14, 2005 70 FR 34538, June 14, 2005 Process Vent...

  12. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1OZFB-1UPCF [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1OZFB-1UPCF 1OZF 1UPC B F YPVRQWAHGADLVVSQLEAQGVRQVFGIPGAKIDKVFDS... 263 ASP CA 266 1UPC F 1UPC... 1UPC F 1UPCF MET CA 302 1UPC F 1UPC...CA 345 LEU CA 430 VAL CA 464 HIS CA 467 1UPC

  13. An Evaluation of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 Using Item Response Theory: Which Items Are Most Strongly Related to Psychological Distress?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meijer, Rob R.; de Vries, Rivka M.; van Bruggen, Vincent

    2011-01-01

    The psychometric structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18; Derogatis, 2001) was investigated using Mokken scaling and parametric item response theory. Data of 487 outpatients, 266 students, and 207 prisoners were analyzed. Results of the Mokken analysis indicated that the BSI-18 formed a strong Mokken scale for outpatients and…

  14. An Evaluation of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 Using Item Response Theory : Which Items Are Most Strongly Related to Psychological Distress?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, Rob R.; de Vries, Rivka M.; van Bruggen, Vincent

    2011-01-01

    The psychometric structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18; Derogatis, 2001) was investigated using Mokken scaling and parametric item response theory. Data of 487 outpatients, 266 students, and 207 prisoners were analyzed. Results of the Mokken analysis indicated that the BSI-18 formed a

  15. An evaluation of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 using item response theory: which items are most strongly related to psychological distress?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, Rob R.; Vries, de Rivka M.; Bruggen, van Vincent

    2011-01-01

    The psychometric structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory–18 (BSI-18; Derogatis, 2001) was investigated using Mokken scaling and parametric item response theory. Data of 487 outpatients, 266 students, and 207 prisoners were analyzed. Results of the Mokken analysis indicated that the BSI-18 formed a

  16. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U09415-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lectin mRNA, co... 35 3.0 CU928167_266( CU928167 |pid:none) Kluyveromyces thermotol... 2.3 BT023457_1( BT023457 |pid:none) Arabidopsis thaliana At1g67440 gen... 35 2.3 AY509881_1( AY509881 |pid:none) Equus caballus P-se

  17. Item Characteristic Curve Estimation of Signal Detection Theory-Based Personality Data: A Two-Stage Approach to Item Response Modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kevin M.; Zumbo, Bruno D.

    2003-01-01

    Developed an item characteristic curve estimation of signal detection theory based personality data. Results for 266 college students taking the Overclaiming Questionnaire (D. Paulhus and N. Bruce, 1990) suggest that this method is a reasonable approach to describing item functioning and that there are advantages to this method over traditional…

  18. Revision of the Lauraceae I

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kostermans, A.J.G.H.

    1936-01-01

    Acrodiclidium Nees, Laur. Disp. Progr. (1833), p. 13; id., Syst. Laur. (1836), p. 266; Endl., Gen. (1837), p. 319, n. 2042; id., Ench. (1841), p. 197; Dietrich, Synops. Pl. II (1840), p. 1332; Spach, Hist. nat. Véget., Phaner. X (1841), p. 471; Steudel. Nomencl. ed. 2 (1841), p. 21; Meissn., Gen. I

  19. Work-Related Well-Being of Educators in a District of the North-West Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Leon; Rothmann, Sebastiaan

    2005-01-01

    The objectives of this article were to assess the relationship between burnout, health, job demands and job resources in a sample of educators. A cross-sectional survey design was used. Stratified random samples (N = 266) were taken of educators in an area of the North-West Province. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, the Health…

  20. Long-term prognosis of patients with local recurrence after conservative surgery and radiotherapy for early breast cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.C. Voogd (Adri); F.J. van Oost (F.); E.J. Rutgers; S. Elkhuizen (Sylvia); A.N. van Geel (Albert); L.J.E.E. Scheijmans (L. J E E); M.J.C. van der Sangen (Maurice); G. Botke (G.); C.J.M. Hoekstra (C. J M); J.J. Jobsen (Jan); C.J.H. van de Velde (Cornelis); M.F. von Meyenfeldt (Maarten); J.M. Tabak (J.); J.L. Peterse (J.); M.J. Vijver (Marc ); J.W.W. Coebergh (Jan Willem); G. van Tienhoven (Geertjan)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractWe have studied the long-term prognosis of 266 patients considered to have isolated local recurrence in the breast following conservative surgery and radiotherapy for early breast cancer. The median follow-up of the patients still alive after diagnosis of local relapse was 11.2 years. At

  1. Dicty_cDB: VHD389 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available escence gene region, section 14/19. 38 0.44 4 AL467252 |AL467252.1 T. brucei sheared genomic DNA clone 157f12, forward... clone 66f02, reverse sequence. 36 0.46 2 AL488330 |AL488330.1 T. brucei sheared genomic DNA clone 266g01, forward

  2. Positive association between blood Omega-3 index and cognition in healthy Dutch adolescents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Wurff, Inge; Von Schacky, Clemens; Berge, Kjetil; Zeegers, Maurice P; Kirschner, Paul A.; De Groot, Renate

    2016-01-01

    The impact of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) on cognition is heavily debated. In the current study, the possible association between omega-3 LCPUFAs in blood and cognitive performance of 266 typically developing adolescents aged 13–15 years is investigated. Baseline data fr

  3. Dicty_cDB: VSJ323 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 266 |AQ299266.1 HS_2223_B2_F02_MR CIT Approved Human Genomic Sperm Library D Homo sapiens genomic clone Plat...3 |AQ769833.1 HS_3170_B2_F10_T7C CIT Approved Human Genomic Sperm Library D Homo

  4. Domain interplay in the urokinase receptor. Requirement for the third domain in high affinity ligand binding and demonstration of ligand contact sites in distinct receptor domains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Behrendt, N; Ronne, E; Dano, K

    1996-01-01

    . This result shows that in addition to D1, which has an established function in ligand binding (Behrendt, N., Ploug, M., Patthy, L., Houen, G., Blasi, F., and Dano, K. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 7842-7847), D3 has an important role in governing a high affinity in the intact receptor. Real-time biomolecular...

  5. The influence of product and oral characteristics on swallowing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engelen, L; Fontijn-Tekamp, A; van der Bilt, A

    2005-01-01

    The urge to swallow food could be triggered by a threshold level in both food particle size and lubrication of the food bolus. Thus, both oral physiology and product characteristics may influence the swallowing threshold. We quantified the swallowing threshold in a group of 266 healthy adult subject

  6. Training Patterns of Wheelchair Basketball Players in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatar, Yasar

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze technical drills, warm-up and cool-down exercises used by wheelchair basketball players of the Turkish league in relation to training sessions. 33 male wheelchair basketball players participated in the study (mean age 26.6[plus or minus]5,95 years). All players reported that they used warm-up exercises before…

  7. 26 CFR 1.263A-15 - Effective dates, transitional rules, and anti-abuse rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...-abuse rule. 1.263A-15 Section 1.263A-15 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE..., transitional rules, and anti-abuse rule. (a) Effective dates—(1) Sections 1.263A-8 through 1.263A-15 generally... account under former section 189 or section 266. (c) Anti-abuse rule. The interest capitalization...

  8. Drug: D00604 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 4 266.5548 D00604.gif Antihypertensive Therapeutic category: 2149 ATC code: C02AC01 N02CX02 S01EA04 alpha2-a...Therapeutic category of drugs in Japan [BR:br08301] 2 Agents affecting individual organs 21 Cardiovascular agents 214 Antihypertensiv

  9. Kasumi jaotamine aktsiaseltsis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Risto Vahimets ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Andres Vutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahimets, Risto, 1974-

    1996-01-01

    Kasumijaotamise üldmõisted (viisid aktsiaseltsis, omakapitali mõisted, jaotised, dividendid, eelisaktsiad, mitterahaline vara, uute aktsiate jagamine, reservfond, varjatud kasumijaotamine); kasumijaotamise reeglid Euroopa Liidus; Eesti äriseadustik ja Euroopa Liidu direktiivid; kasumijaotamine Soome Vabariigis. Vt. ka: Juridica (1996) nr. 6, lk. 266-268

  10. 5 CFR 890.1001 - Scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....1001 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS... Providers General Provisions and Definitions § 890.1001 Scope and purpose. (a) Scope. This subpart implements 5 U.S.C. 8902a, as amended by Public Law 105-266 (October 19, 1998). It establishes a system...

  11. Two-photon photoemission from a copper cathode in an X -band photoinjector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, H.; Limborg-Deprey, C.; Adolphsen, C.; McCormick, D.; Dunning, M.; Jobe, K.; Raubenheimer, T.; Vrielink, A.; Vecchione, T.; Wang, F.; Weathersby, S.

    2016-02-01

    This paper presents two-photon photoemission from a copper cathode in an X -band photoinjector. We experimentally verified that the electron bunch charge from photoemission out of a copper cathode scales with laser intensity (I) square for 400 nm wavelength photons. We compare this two-photon photoemission process with the single photon process at 266 nm. Despite the high reflectivity (R ) of the copper surface for 400 nm photons (R =0.48 ) and higher thermal energy of photoelectrons (two-photon at 200 nm) compared to 266 nm photoelectrons, the quantum efficiency of the two-photon photoemission process (400 nm) exceeds the single-photon process (266 nm) when the incident laser intensity is above 300 GW /cm2 . At the same laser pulse energy (E ) and other experimental conditions, emitted charge scales inversely with the laser pulse duration. A thermal emittance of 2.7 mm-mrad per mm root mean square (rms) was measured on our cathode which exceeds by sixty percent larger compared to the theoretical predictions, but this discrepancy is similar to previous experimental thermal emittance on copper cathodes with 266 nm photons. The damage of the cathode surface of our first-generation X -band gun from both rf breakdowns and laser impacts mostly explains this result. Using a 400 nm laser can substantially simplify the photoinjector system, and make it an alternative solution for compact pulsed electron sources.

  12. Generation of continuous-wave 194 nm laser for mercury ion optical frequency standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Hongxin; Wu, Yue; Chen, Guozhu; Shen, Yong; Liu, Qu; Precision measurement; atomic clock Team

    2015-05-01

    194 nm continuous-wave (CW) laser is an essential part in mercury ion optical frequency standard. The continuous-wave tunable radiation sources in the deep ultraviolet (DUV) region of the spectrum is also serviceable in high-resolution spectroscopy with many atomic and molecular lines. We introduce a scheme to generate continuous-wave 194 nm radiation with SFM in a Beta Barium Borate (BBO) crystal here. The two source beams are at 718 nm and 266 nm, respectively. Due to the property of BBO, critical phase matching (CPM) is implemented. One bow-tie cavity is used to resonantly enhance the 718 nm beam while the 266 nm makes a single pass, which makes the configuration easy to implement. Considering the walk-off effect in CPM, the cavity mode is designed to be elliptical so that the conversion efficiency can be promoted. Since the 266 nm radiation is generated by a 532 nm laser through SHG in a BBO crystal with a large walk-off angle, the output mode is quite non-Gaussian. To improve mode matching, we shaped the 266 nm beam into Gaussian modes with a cylindrical lens and iris diaphragm. As a result, 2.05 mW 194 nm radiation can be generated. As we know, this is the highest power for 194 nm CW laser using SFM in BBO with just single resonance. The work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 91436103 and No. 11204374).

  13. The Relationship between Employability and Hope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, Christa G.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to quantitatively examine the relationships between employability and hope. Using a sample of 266 Master of Business Administration students at a large Midwestern private university, this study hypothesized that one, there was a relationship between hope and employability and two, of the predictor variables,…

  14. 40 CFR 262.41 - Biennial report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... generator who ships any hazardous waste off-site to a treatment, storage or disposal facility within the... disposal facility within the United States; (5) A description, EPA hazardous waste number (from 40 CFR part... the provisions of 40 CFR parts 270, 264, 265, 266, and 267. Reporting for exports of hazardous...

  15. Sequence variants at CHRNB3-CHRNA6 and CYP2A6 affect smoking behavior.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thorgeirsson, T.E.; Gudbjartsson, D.F.; Surakka, I.; Vink, J.M.; Amin, N.; Geller, F.; Sulem, P.; Rafnar, T.; Esko, T.; Walter, S.; Gieger, C.; Rawal, R.; Mangino, M.; Prokopenko, I.; Magi, R.; Keskitalo, K.; Gudjonsdottir, I.H.; Gretarsdottir, S.; Stefansson, H.; Thompson, J.R.; Aulchenko, Y.S.; Nelis, M.; Aben, K.K.H.; Heijer, M. den; Dirksen, A.; Ashraf, H.; Soranzo, N.; Valdes, A.M.; Steves, C.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; Hofman, A.; Tonjes, A.; Kovacs, P.; Hottenga, J.J.; Willemsen, G.; Vogelzangs, N.; Doring, A.; Dahmen, N.; Nitz, B.; Pergadia, M.L.; Saez, B.; Diego, V. De; Lezcano, V.; Garcia-Prats, M.D.; Ripatti, S.; Perola, M.; Kettunen, J.; Hartikainen, A.L.; Pouta, A.; Laitinen, J.; Isohanni, M.; Huei-Yi, S.; Allen, M.; Krestyaninova, M.; Hall, A.S.; Jones, G.T.; Rij, A.M. van; Mueller, T.; Dieplinger, B.; Haltmayer, M.; Jonsson, S.; Matthiasson, S.E.; Oskarsson, H.; Tyrfingsson, T.; Kiemeney, L.A.L.M.; Mayordomo, J.I.; Lindholt, J.S.; Pedersen, J.H.; Franklin, W.A.; Wolf, H.; Montgomery, G.W.; Heath, A.C.; Martin, N.G.; Madden, P.A.; Giegling, I.; Rujescu, D.; Jarvelin, M.R.; Salomaa, V.; Stumvoll, M.; Spector, T.D.; Wichmann, H.E.; Metspalu, A.; Samani, N.J.; Penninx, B.W.J.H.; Oostra, B.A.; Boomsma, D.I.; Tiemeier, H.; Duijn, C.M. van; Kaprio, J.; Gulcher, J.R.; McCarthy, M.I.; Peltonen, L.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; Stefansson, K.

    2010-01-01

    Smoking is a common risk factor for many diseases. We conducted genome-wide association meta-analyses for the number of cigarettes smoked per day (CPD) in smokers (n = 31,266) and smoking initiation (n = 46,481) using samples from the ENGAGE Consortium. In a second stage, we tested selected SNPs wit

  16. School District Administrators' Perspectives on the Professional Activities and Influence of Special Educators in Norway and Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, David Lansing; Lindqvist, Gunilla

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate school district administrators' perspectives concerning the professional activities and influence of special educators in Norway (n?=?266) and Sweden (n?=?290). We examine three themes drawn from a survey of practices and policies in each country: (a) the organisational arrangements in which special…

  17. Brief Report: Reducing Earthquake-Related Fears in Victim and Nonvictim Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karairmak, Ozlem; Aydin, GuL

    2008-01-01

    In this study, the authors investigated the fears of earthquake victim and nonvictim elementary school students and the effectiveness of an activity-based cognitive fear reduction (ABCF) procedure developed by the authors. To measure fear, the authors collected data from 266 participants using a modified version of the Fear Survey Schedule for…

  18. Influence of Drive Level on the Fundamental Vibrator Signal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noorlandt, R.P.; Drijkoningen, G.G.; Faber, C.A.M.

    2013-01-01

    In this abstract we show the influence of vibrator drive level on the signal it produces. For that purpose a field survey was carried out using an INOVA's AHV-IV vehicle with a modified 266kN (60.000 lbf) vibrator. A single linear sweep was repeated at 10 different drive levels ranging from 5 to 90%

  19. Fin whale abundance in the eastern North Atlantic estimated from Spanish NASS-89 data

    OpenAIRE

    Buckland, S.T. (Stephen); Cattanach, K.L.; Lens, S. (Santiago)

    1992-01-01

    Applying standard line transect analysis to the Spanish NASS-89 sightings survey data, the abundance of fin whales in the eastern Atlantic west of Iberia and south-west of the British Isles is estimated as 17,335 whales (CV=0.266; 95% confidence interval (10,400, 28,900) whales).

  20. Developing the Evaluation Scale to Determine the Impact of Body Language in an Argument: Reliability & Validity Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadag, Engin; Caliskan, Nihat; Yesil, Rustu

    2008-01-01

    In this research, it is aimed to develop a scale to observe the body language which is used during an argument. A sample group of 266 teacher candidates study at the departments of Class, Turkish or Social Sciences at the Faculty of Education was used in this study. A logical and statistical approach was pursued during the development of scale. An…

  1. 40 CFR 261.5 - Special requirements for hazardous waste generated by conditionally exempt small quantity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-hazardous waste and, if managed in a non-municipal non-hazardous waste disposal unit after January 1, 1998...-hazardous waste and, if managed in a non-municipal non-hazardous waste disposal unit after January 1, 1998... batteries managed under the requirements of 40 CFR part 266, subpart G; or (6) Is universal waste......

  2. 40 CFR 273.2 - Applicability-batteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... under 40 CFR part 273. (1) The requirements of this part apply to persons managing batteries, as...) Batteries not covered under 40 CFR part 273. The requirements of this part do not apply to persons managing the following batteries: (1) Spent lead-acid batteries that are managed under 40 CFR part 266,...

  3. Discriminability of tryptophan containing dipeptides using quantum control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afonina, S.; Nenadl, O.; Rondi, A.; Bonacina, L.; Extermann, J.; Kiselev, D.; Dolamic, I.; Burgi, T.; Wolf, J. P.

    2013-06-01

    We show that the coherent manipulation of molecular wavepackets in the excited states of trp-containing dipeptides allows efficient discrimination among them. Optimal dynamic discrimination fails, however, for some dipeptide couples. When considering the limited spectral resources at play (3 nm bandwidth at 266 nm), we discuss the concept of discriminability, which appears uncorrelated to both static spectra and relaxation lifetimes.

  4. Photodestruction of NO2- using time resolved multicoincidence detection photofragment spectroscopy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dinu, L.; Zande, W.J. van der

    2004-01-01

    We present an experiment on the photodestruction of the NO2- anion at 266 nm. We have quantified the competition between photodetachment and photodissociation and have identified the nature of the photodissociation process from the photofragment angular distribution. This study involves a novel tech

  5. Articulating Syntactic and Numeric Perspectives on Equivalence: The Case of Rational Expressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solares, Armando; Kieran, Carolyn

    2013-01-01

    Our study concerns the conceptual mathematical knowledge that emerges during the resolution of tasks on the equivalence of polynomial and rational algebraic expressions, by using CAS and paper-and-pencil techniques. The theoretical framework we adopt is the Anthropological Theory of Didactics ("Chevallard" 19:221-266, 1999), in…

  6. Polysemy Advantage with Abstract but Not Concrete Words

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jager, Bernadet; Cleland, Alexandra A.

    2016-01-01

    It is a robust finding that ambiguous words are recognized faster than unambiguous words. More recent studies (e.g., Rodd et al. in "J Mem Lang" 46:245-266, 2002) now indicate that this "ambiguity advantage" may in reality be a "polysemy advantage": caused by related senses (polysemy) rather than unrelated meanings…

  7. 78 FR 32530 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Action on Proposed Highway in Georgia the Northwest I-75/I-575...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-30

    ... downloaded from the project Web site at http://www.nwcproject.com or at the following local libraries: Central Library, Atlanta-Fulton County Library System, One Margaret Mitchell Square, Atlanta, GA 30303; Central Library, Cobb County Public Library System, 266 Roswell Street, Marietta, GA 30060;...

  8. A Photoelectron Spectroscopy and ab initio Study of B3- and B4- Anions and Their Neutrals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhai, Hua-Jin; Wang, Lai S.; Alexandrova, A N.; Boldyrev, Alexander I.; Zakrzewski, V G.

    2003-11-06

    The two smallest boron clusters (B3 and B4) in their neutral and anionic forms were studied by photoelectron spectroscopy and ab initio calculations. Vibrationally resolved photoelectron spectra were observed for B3- at three photon energies (355, 266, and 193 nm) and the electron affinity of B3 was measured to be+0.02 eV.

  9. Draft genome sequence of an aflatoxigenic Aspergillus species, A. bombycis

    Science.gov (United States)

    The genome of the A. bombycis Type strain was sequenced using a Personal Genome Machine, followed by annotation of its predicted genes. The genome size for A. bombycis was found to be approximately 37 Mb and contained 12,266 genes. This announcement introduces a sequenced genome for an aflatoxigenic...

  10. Comparison of UVB and UVC irradiation disinfection efficacies on Pseudomonas Aeruginosa biofilm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Argyraki, Aikaterini; Markvart, M.; Nielsen, Anne;

    2016-01-01

    , on P. aeruginosa biofilms at different growth stages. In our experiments a new type of UV light emitting diodes (LEDs) were used to deliver UV irradiation on the biofilms, in the UVB (296nm) and UVC (266nm) region. The killing rate was studied as a function of dose for 24h grown biofilms. The dose...

  11. Set9, NF-kB, and microRNA-21 mediate berberine-induced apoptosis of human multiple myeloma cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai-yan HU; Kun-peng LI; Xiu-ju WANG; Yuan LIU; Zhi-gang LU; Rui-hong DONG; Hong-bo GUO; Mei-xia ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    Aim:To investigate the mechanisms by which berberine suppressed the proliferation of human multiple myeloma cells.Methods:Human U266 multiple myeloma cell line was tested.Cell proliferation,apoptosis,ultramicrostructure and secretion function were examined using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8),flow cytometry (FCM),electron and fluorescence microscopy,as well as ELISA assay.The microRNAs (miRs) and transcription factors in U266 cells were detected using arrays and verified by qRT-PCR.EMSA and luciferase assays were used to verify the p65-dependent transactivation of miR-21 gene.Results:Treatment of U266 cells with berberine (40-160 μmol/L) suppressed cell proliferation and IL-6 secretion in dose-and time-dependent manners.Meanwhile,berberine dose-dependently induced ROS generation,G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis in U266 cells,and decreased the levels of miR-21 and Bcl-2.Overexpression of miR-21 counteracted berberine-induced suppression of cell proliferation and IL-6 secretion.In U266 cells treated with berberine (80 μmol/L),the activity of NF-kB was decreased by approximately 50%,followed by significant reduction of miR-21 level.berberine (80-160 μmol/L) increased the level of Set9 (lysine methyltransferase) by more than 2-fold,caused methylation of the RelA subunit,which inhibited NF-kB nuclear translocation and miR-21transcription.In U266 cells treated with berberine (80 μmol/L),knockdown of Set9 with siRNAs significantly increased NF-kB protein level accompanying with a partial recovery of proliferation.Conclusion:In U266 cells,berberine suppresses NF-kB nuclear translocation via Set9-mediated lysine methylation,leads to decrease in the levels miR21 and Bcl-2,which induces ROS generation and apoptosis.

  12. Correction of walk-off-induced wavefront distortion for continuous-wave laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Hongxin; Chen, Guozhu; Wu, Yue; Shen, Yong; Liu, Qu

    2016-09-01

    We theoretically and experimentally investigate the wave front distortion in critically phase-matched continuous-wave (CW) second harmonic generation (SHG). Due to the walk-off effect in the nonlinear crystal, the generated second harmonic is extremely elliptical and quite non-Gaussian, which causes a very low matching and coupling efficiency in experiment. Cylindrical lenses and walk-off compensating crystals are adopted to correct distorted wave fronts, and obtain a good TEM00 mode efficiently. Theoretically, we simulate the correction effect of 266-nm laser generated with SHG. The experiment results accord well with the theoretical simulation and an above 80% TEM00 component is obtained for 266-nm continuous-wave laser with a 4.8°-walk-off angle in beta barium borate (BBO) crystal. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 91436103) and Research Programme of National University of Defense Technology, China (Grant No. JC15-02-03).

  13. Ultrafast transient absorption spectrum of the room temperature Ionic liquid 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide: Confounding effects of photo-degradation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musat, Raluca M.; Crowell, Robert A.; Polyanskiy, Dmitriy E.; Thomas, Marie F.; Wishart, James F.; Katsumura, Yosuke; Takahashi, Kenji

    2015-12-01

    The photochemistry of the charge transfer (CT) band of the room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide (HMIm+/Br-) is investigated using near-IR to vis ultrafast transient absorption (TA) and steady-state UV absorption spectroscopies. Continuous irradiation of the CT band at 266 nm results in the formation of photo-products that absorb strongly at 266 nm. It is shown that these photo-products, which are apparently very stable, adversely affect ultrafast TA measurements. Elimination of these effects reveals at least two transient species that exist within the TA detection window of 100 fs to 3 ns and 500-1250 nm. One of the components is a short-lived (mechanism.

  14. GxE Interactions Between FOXO Genotypes and Tea Drinking Significantly Affect Cognitive Disability at Advanced Ages in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeng, Yi; Chen, Huashuai; Ni, Ting;

    2014-01-01

    Logistic regression analysis based on data from 822 Han Chinese oldest old aged 92+ demonstrated that interactions between carrying FOXO1A-266 or FOXO3-310 or FOXO3-292 and tea drinking at around age 60 or at present time were significantly associated with lower risk of cognitive disability...... age 60, and at present time. Based on prior findings from animal and human cell models, we postulate that intake of tea compounds may activate FOXO gene expression, which in turn may positively affect cognitive function in the oldest old population. Our empirical findings imply that the health...... at advanced ages. Associations between tea drinking and reduced cognitive disability were much stronger among carriers of the genotypes of FOXO1A-266 or FOXO3-310 or FOXO3-292 compared with noncarriers, and it was reconfirmed by analysis of three-way interactions across FOXO genotypes, tea drinking at around...

  15. AcEST: BP914510 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available bolism pyridoxal-phosphate-de... 272 1e-71 tr|B5W729|B5W729_SPIMA Aluminium resis...tance family protein OS=Ar... 268 2e-70 tr|B7KE47|B7KE47_9CHRO Aluminium resistance family protein OS=Cy... ...267 4e-70 tr|B7JXH2|B7JXH2_SYNP8 Aluminium resistance family protein OS=Sy... 266 8e-70 tr|B4BVL7|B4BVL7_9CHRO Aluminium... resistance family protein OS=Cy... 266 8e-70 tr|B1WWX8|B1WWX8_CYAA5 Aluminium resistance protei...in (Fragment) OS=Chlamydom... 261 3e-68 tr|B0C918|B0C918_ACAM1 Aluminium resistance protein, putative OS...

  16. Electrical and magnetic properties of the energy-saver correction elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lattice of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory's Energy Saver/Doubler contains a group of superconducting correction windings associated with each quadrupole. These are housed in an element referred to as a spool. There are 192 spools in the ring plus 12 special power spools which contain the main buss 5000 ampere power input as well as correction elements. There will be constructed and tested 290 spools, including spares of each of the eight different types. There have been 266 individual spools tested to date. The spools were tested for (a) magnetic field quality, harmonic moments, transfer constants and coil angles, (b) high voltage integrity, (c) critical transport current, and (d) cryogenic operating characteristics (i.e., heatloads, thermometry calibration checks, etc.). Data are summarized for 318 cryogenic tests and magnetic field quality of the 266 different spools, which contain 1614 correction magnet coils

  17. Wavelength dependence of repetitive-pulse laser-induced damage threshold in beta-BaB2O4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouta, H

    1999-01-20

    The dependence on wavelength of repetitive-pulse (10 Hz, 8-10 ns) laser-induced damage on beta barium metaborate (BBO) has been investigated. The thresholds of dielectric breakdown in bulk crystal have been found to be 0.3 GW/cm(2) at 266 nm, 0.9 GW/cm(2) at 355 nm, 2.3 GW/cm(2) at 532 nm, and 4.5 GW/cm(2) at 1064 nm. Results indicate two-photon absorption at 266 and 355 nm, which helps to produce an avalanche effect that causes breakdown at each of the four wavelengths tested. Neither the BBO refractive indices nor the absorption spectrum change until breakdown occurs.

  18. INHIBITION OF IL-6-INDUCED STAT3 ACTIVATION IN MYELOMA CELLS BY PROTEIN KINASE A

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋伦; 黎燕; 沈倍奋

    2001-01-01

    To investigate the regulation effect of protein kinase A on IL-6-induced STAT3 activation in myeloma cells. Methods: Two human myeloma cell lines-Sko-007 and U266 were pretreated with Forskolin, a protein kinase A antagonist, and then stimulated by IL-6. The activation state of STAT3 in these two cells were examined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Results: Although PKA pathway itself doesn't participate in IL-6 signal transduction in Sko-007 and U266 cells, activation of protein kinase A can inhibit IL-6-induced STAT3 activation in these two cell lines. Conclusion: There exists an inhibitory effect of protein kinase A on STAT3 activation in human myeloma cells treated by IL-6.

  19. Wavelength Dependence of Production of Multicharged Carbon Ions in Nanosecond Intense Laser Ionization of Seeded Benzene Beam%纳秒强激光电离苯产生高价碳离子的波长效应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛冬梅; 梁峰; 罗晓琳; 温丽华; 张西咸; 李海洋

    2004-01-01

    The photoionization of seeded benzene beam by 25 ns laser pulse at wavelengths of 266, 355 and 1064 nm has been studied by the time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The observed mass spectra at 266 nm and 355 nm at intensities of 1010-1011 W/cm2 indicate a multiphoton ionization and dissociation (MPID) process, in which C+ C2Hx+, C3Hx+ , C4Hx+ and C6H6+ are main products. While at 1064 nm laser of similar intensities, the domain ion is C4+ which is produced from Coulomb explosion. The longer wavelength facilities the energy absorption rate during inverse bremsstrahlung, which leads to the resulting wavelength dependence of the muhicharged atomic ions.

  20. Effect of antimicrobial on mechanical, barrier and optical properties of corn starch based self-supporting edible film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanima Chowdhury

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Antimicrobials like potassium sorbate, sodium propionate, and benzoic acid were incorporated in corn starch based formulation to investigate their effect on mechanical, water vapour barrier and optical properties of the developed self supporting edible film. The film was prepared by casting technique. When incorporated at 1.40% and above, potassium sorbate decreased the tensile strength (about 22% and increased the elongation (about 55% of control film; whereas, it increased the water vapour permeability by 15% only when added at 2.66%. At 2.66%, benzoic acid reduced the tensile strength by 24% and sodium propionate increased elongation by 17%. These two antimicrobials did not change the water vapour permeability. However, all the three antimicrobials adversely affected the optical properties by decreasing the whiteness index, increasing yellowness index, and reducing the surface gloss, with potassium sorbate showing the maximum effect. Among the three antimicrobials, sodium propionate appeared to be the best with minimum deterioration of film properties.

  1. First thermochemical property of Seaborgium determined

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tuerler, A. for a LBNL Berkeley - Univ. Bern - FLNR Dubna -GSI Darmstadt - TU Dresden - Chalmers Univ. of Technology Goeteborg - GH Kassel - ITS and LLNL Livermore - Univ. Mainz - Univ. Oslo - FZ Rossendorf - JAERI Tokai - PSI Villigen collaboration

    1997-09-01

    The chemical properties of SgO{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} (element 106 = Seaborgium, Sg) were successfully studied using the On-line Gas Chromatography Apparatus (OLGA III). After chemical separation of Sg the nuclides {sup 265}Sg and {sup 266}Sg were unambiguously identified and their half-lives were determined for the first time. The Sg nuclides were produced from the {sup 248}Cm({sup 22}Ne,4,5n){sup 266,265}Sg reaction at the GSI Darmstadt UNILAC accelerator. Simultaneously, short-lived W nuclides were produced from a small admixture of {sup 152}Gd to the Cm target material. As predicted by relativistic calculations and by extrapolations of chemical properties, it was demonstrated that Sg oxychlorides are indeed less volatile than their lighter homologue Mo- and equally or less volatile than W-oxychlorides. (author) 1 fig., 1 tab., 4 refs.

  2. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais na cidade de Eirunepé, Amazonas Prevalence of intestinal parasitosis in the city of Eirunepé, Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Fernández Araujo

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisadas, pelo método de sedimentação espontânea, amostras de fezes de 413 pacientes e encontrada positividade em 266 (64,4% dos seguintes parasitas: Ascaris lumbricoides (35,6%; Trichuris trichiura (18,6%; Ancilostomídeos(9,9%, Strongyloides stercoralis (1%, Enterobius vermiculares (0,5%, e Entamoeba histolytica (13,3% e Giardia lamblia (1%.Samples of 413 patient were analyzed and positivity was found in 64.4% (266 of the exams. The intestinal parasites most prevalent were: Ascaris lumbricoides (35.6%; Trichuris trichiura (18.6%; Ancylostomides (9.9%; Strongyloides stercoralis (1%, Enterobius vermiculares (0,5%; Entamoeba histolytica (13.3% and Giardia lamblia (1%. The presence of varied degrees of anemia were detected in 39.8% of the exams.

  3. Wavelength dependence of repetitive-pulse laser-induced damage threshold in beta-BaB2O4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouta, H

    1999-01-20

    The dependence on wavelength of repetitive-pulse (10 Hz, 8-10 ns) laser-induced damage on beta barium metaborate (BBO) has been investigated. The thresholds of dielectric breakdown in bulk crystal have been found to be 0.3 GW/cm(2) at 266 nm, 0.9 GW/cm(2) at 355 nm, 2.3 GW/cm(2) at 532 nm, and 4.5 GW/cm(2) at 1064 nm. Results indicate two-photon absorption at 266 and 355 nm, which helps to produce an avalanche effect that causes breakdown at each of the four wavelengths tested. Neither the BBO refractive indices nor the absorption spectrum change until breakdown occurs. PMID:18305644

  4. Correction of walk-off induced wavefront distortion for continuous-variable applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Hongxin; Shen, Yong; Guo, Hong

    2016-05-01

    We theoretically and experimentally investigate wave front distortion in critically phase matched continuous-wave (CW) second harmonic generation (SHG). Due to the walk-off effect in the nonlinear crystal, the generated second harmonic is extremely elliptical and quite non-Gaussian, which causes a very low matching and coupling efficiency in experiment. Cylindrical lenses and walk-off compensating crystals are adopted to correct distorted wave fronts, and obtain a good TEM00 mode efficiency. Theoretically we simulate the correction effect of 266nm laser generated with SHG. The experiment results accord well with theoretical simulation and above 80 percent TEM00 component is obtained for 266nm continuous wave laser with 4.8 degree walk-off angle in BBO crystal. After that, an optical mode cleaner is used to obtain an ideal Gaussian mode. With these treatments, the generated second harmonic can be utilized in continuous-variable regime, where almost perfect mode matching is demanded.

  5. Photolysis of a Benzyne Precursor Studied by Time-Resolved FTIR Spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Alacan, Joel

    2016-02-01

    The 266 nm laser flash photolysis of phtaloyl peroxide (2) in liquid acetonitrile solution at room temperature has been investigated. Upon 266 nm laser irradiation, 2 is effectively photodecarboxylated leading to the formation of o-benzyne (1) and two equivalents of CO2, yet a small fraction of photolyzed 2 follows a different pathway leading to 6-oxocyclohexa-2,4-dienylideneketene (3) and one equivalent of CO2. Compound 3 is kinetically reactive and reacts in the microsecond time scale following a first-order kinetic law. The presence of 1 in the photolysis experiment is confirmed by trapping experiments with methyl 1-methylpyrrole-2-carboxylate (6). The Diels-Alder reaction between 1 and 6 occurs under the selected experimental conditions on a time scale shorter than 100 ms.

  6. Miriam Gebhardt, Rudolf Steiner. Ein moderner Prophet. München: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2011 (368 S.). [...] [Sammelrezension

    OpenAIRE

    Horn, Klaus-Peter

    2012-01-01

    Sammelrezension von: 1. Miriam Gebhardt, Rudolf Steiner. Ein moderner Prophet. München: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2011 (368 S.; ISBN 978-3-4210-4473-0). 2. Heiner Ullrich, Rudolf Steiner. Leben und Lehre. München: Beck 2011 (266 S.; ISBN 978-3-4066-1205-3). 3. Helmut Zander, Rudolf Steiner. Die Biografie. München: Piper 2011 (535 S.; ISBN 978-3-4920-5448-5)

  7. A Local Solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Putting elected citizens in charge of communities is helping people learn how to enforce democracy across China Ningbo City in Zhejiang Province became the first entire city to implement direct community elec- tion earlier this year.On January 4,2008,the Civil Affairs Bureau of Ningbo City announced that more than 730,000 registered voters in the city’s 235 communities had elected a total of 2.266

  8. Fat Modulates the Relationship between Sarcopenia and Physical Function in Nonobese Older Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Robin L. Marcus; Brixner, Diana I.; Sameer Ghate; Paul LaStayo

    2012-01-01

    It is intuitive to think that sarcopenia should be associated with declines in physical function though recent evidence questions this assertion. This study investigated the relationship between absolute and relative sarcopenia, with physical performance in 202 nonobese (mean BMI = 26.6 kg/ht2) community-dwelling older (mean age = 73.8 ± 5.9 years) adults. While absolute sarcopenia (appendicular skeletal mass (ASM)/ht2) was either not associated, or weakly associated with physical performance...

  9. AcEST: DK952096 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available uery: 54 ASNTEDRHNADWEKKESVPCESMAGGNSSRKEATKTAEEG-NERGK--KNAKISPEGSLP 224 +S+ D ++ S + + + S E K A E NE K K ... Sbjct: 154 SESSSSGSSSSSESESGSESDSDSSSSSSSSSDSESDSESDSQSSSSSSSSDSSSDSDSS 213 Query: 402 DFDFRAPCDLLHSIQRMGST...KDIRQSGKGFSDCENKAPSGVSWTSDSLASCDSEEDRSVF 581 D + D S S D SD ++ + S S +SDS +S DS D S Sbjct: 214 SSDSSSDSDSSSSSSSSSSDSD--------SDSDSS...SDSDSSGSSDSSSSSDSSSDESTS 265 Query: 582 VNLHNRDATVDA 617 + + D+ D+ Sbjct: 266 SDSSDSD...+ +D ++D + + S KAS Sbjct: 106 EKKKSS---RHSSSSSSSSSSSDSSSSSSSD----AEDDDEKKNLKKKKKRKRSSTRKAS 158 Query: 381 NS

  10. Increased prevalence of hypertension in a population exposed to aircraft noise

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenlund, M.; Berglind, N; Pershagen, G.; Jarup, L.; Bluhm, G

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES—To investigate whether there is a relation between residential exposure to aircraft noise and hypertension.
METHODS—The study population comprised two random samples of subjects aged 19-80 years, one including 266 residents in the vicinity of Stockholm Arlanda airport, and another comprising 2693 inhabitants in other parts of Stockholm county. The subjects were classified according to the time weighted equal energy and maximum aircraft noise levels at their residence. A questionnai...

  11. Non-Spherical Gravitational Collapse of Strange Quark Matter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zade S S; Patil K D; Mulkalwar P N

    2008-01-01

    We study the non-spherical gravitational collapse of the strange quark null fluid.The interesting feature which emerges is that the non-spherical collapse of charged strange quark matter leads to a naked singularity whereas the gravitational collapse of neutral quark matter proceeds to form a black hole.We extend the earlier work of Harko and Cheng[Phys.Lett.A 266 (2000) 249]to the non-spherical case.

  12. Growth and production of the African catfish, Clarias lazera (C. & V.): I. Effects of stocking density, pond size and mixed culture with tilapia (Sarotherodon niloticus L.) under extensive field conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hogendoorn, H.; Koops, W.J.

    1981-01-01

    Growth and production of C. lazera (C. & V.) and S. niloticus L. in mono-and mixed culture were studied in relation to stocking density and pond size using a low grade feed. The biomass after 24 weeks ranged from 16 to 115 g·m−2 for tilapia and from 50 to 266 g·m−2 for C. lazera. Independent of the

  13. The impact of meningococcal polymerase chain reaction testing on laboratory confirmation of invasive meningococcal disease.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Drew, Richard J

    2012-03-01

    Laboratory methods of diagnosis were examined for 266 children with invasive meningococcal disease. Seventy-five (36%) of 207 cases with bloodstream infection had both positive blood culture and blood meningococcal polymerase chain reaction (PCR), 130 (63%) negative blood culture and positive blood PCR, and 2 (1%) had positive blood culture and negative blood PCR. Sixty-three percent of cases were diagnosed by PCR alone.

  14. The Chang 7 member of the upper Triassic in the southwest Ordos Basin: Carbon isotope study of dispersed organic matter and its paleoclimate significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Minghui; Liu Chiyang; Tang Xuan; Zheng Xiaofeng

    2008-01-01

    The carbon isotope δ13C value of dispersed organic matter in the Upper Triassic sediments in the Ordos basin is (-24.5 to -26.6) ×10-3 with the carbon being derived from C3-1ike pleustons.The paleoclimate of the Late Triassic, especially during the deposition of the Chang 7 member, was characterized by a hot and humid climate. It underwent four small climate cycles from humid and warm to humid and hot.

  15. LC-QTOF/MS metabolomic profiles in human plasma after a 5-week high dietary fiber intake

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansson-Persson, Anna; Barri, Thaer; Ulmius, Matilda;

    2013-01-01

    The objective was to investigate the alterations of plasma metabolome profiles to identify exposure and effect markers of dietary fiber intake. Subjects (n¿=¿25) aged 58.6 (1.1)¿years (mean and SD) with a body mass index of 26.6 (0.5)¿kg/m(2) were given a high fiber (HF) and a low fiber (LF) diet...

  16. Validating self-report of diabetes use by participants in the 45 and up study: a record linkage study

    OpenAIRE

    Comino, Elizabeth Jean; Tran, Duong Thuy; Haas, Marion; Flack, Jeff; Jalaludin, Bin; Jorm, Louisa; Harris, Mark Fort

    2013-01-01

    Background Prevalence studies usually depend on self-report of disease status in survey data or administrative data collections and may over- or under-estimate disease prevalence. The establishment of a linked data collection provided an opportunity to explore the accuracy and completeness of capture of information about diabetes in survey and administrative data collections. Methods Baseline questionnaire data at recruitment to the 45 and Up Study was obtained for 266,848 adults aged 45 year...

  17. Advances in the management of metastatic non-seminomatous germ cell tumours during the cisplatin era: a single-institution experience.

    OpenAIRE

    Gerl, A; Clemm, C.; Schmeller, N.; Hartenstein, R.; Lamerz, R.; Wilmanns, W.

    1996-01-01

    Long-term outcome was reviewed in 266 consecutive patients with metastatic non-seminomatous germ cell tumours treated at a single institution. The overall 3 year survival was 77%, and 3 year progression-free survival was 71%. Multivariate analysis identified the following clinical features as independent prognostic factors: the presence of liver, bone or brain metastasis, serum human chorionic gonadotropin > or = 10000 U l-1 and/or alpha-fetoprotein > or = 1000 ng ml-1, a mediastinal mass > 5...

  18. A disparity energy model improved by line, edge and keypoint correspondences

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, J.C.; Farrajota, Miguel; Lam, Roberto Célio Lau; Rodrigues, J. M. F.; Tersic, K.; du Buf, J. M. H.

    2012-01-01

    Disparity energy models (DEMs) estimate local depth information on the basis ofVl complex cells. Our recent DEM (Martins et al, 2011 ISSPlT261-266) employs a population code. Once the population's cells have been trained with randorn-dot stereograms, it is applied at all retinotopic positions in the visual field. Despite producing good results in textured regions, the model needs to be made more precise, especially at depth transitions.

  19. Linking HR and Line Agents’ Implementation of High- Performance Work Systems to Intentions to Leave and Job Performance: A Social Exchange Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    N. SOENS; D. BUYENS; Taylor, M. S.

    2012-01-01

    Unlike common assessments of the overall presence of high-performance work systems (HPWS), this study focuses on actual implementation of HPWS by two specific agents, i.e., the HR department and line management. We investigate how HPWS implementation by HR and line agents – as perceived by employees – relates to intentions to leave and job performance and we propose perceived organizational support (POS) and leader-member exchange (LMX) as potential mediating mechanisms. Respondents (N=266) w...

  20. Congenital heart disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    920654 Angiocardiography in double out-let right ventricle with emphasis on anato-mic types, diagnosis and differential dia-gnosis. LI Yiqun (李益群), et al. Dept Radiol,Cardiovasc Instit & Fuwai Hosp, CAMS, 100037.Chin J Radiol 1992; 26(6): 380-384. Based on the correlative study of angiocardic-graphy and surgical exploration in 52 cases with

  1. Homofobi på Færøerne?

    OpenAIRE

    Guinot, Diane; Sjøstrøm, Maria Katrine; Thestrup Foss, Nanna; Schack Telling, Nanna Cecilie; Olsen, Marna Frida; Vincent Joensen, Malan

    2007-01-01

    This project concerns public opinions about the law adjustment of § 266 b from December 2006, which made it illegal to discriminate on behalf of sexual orientation, on the Faroe Islands. The purpose of the project is to investigate the attitudes towards homosexuality on the Faroe Islands, and determine if this will change in the future. The method is based on eight empirical interviews with public opinion formers in the Faroe Islands. These interviews are based on five thematic issues:...

  2. Cultura material y esclavitud afro-opita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Eduardo Rueda Enciso

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Los esclavos en las haciendas de la provincia de Neiva durante el siglo XVIII. Arqueología histórica de la Nueva Granada. María Angélica Suaza Español. Gobernación del Huila, Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo, Colección Fondo de autores huilenses, Neiva, 2007, 266 págs.

  3. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U14968-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available anella Adh gene for... 266 7e-72 AJ515987_1( AJ515987 |pid:none) Miscanthus transmorrisonensis part... 270 9...al protei... 221 3e-71 AJ515989_1( AJ515989 |pid:none) Miscanthus transmorrisonensis part... 268 3e-71 AJ515...scanthus sinensis var. sinensis ... 268 3e-71 AJ515994_1( AJ515994 |pid:none) Miscanthus transmorrisonensis

  4. Fission barriers in neutron-proton isospin plane for heavy neutron-rich nuclei

    OpenAIRE

    Minato, F.; Hagino, K.

    2008-01-01

    We discuss the sensitivity of fission barrier for heavy neutron-rich nuclei to fission paths in the two dimensional neutron-proton quadrupole plane. To this end, we use the constrained Skyrme-Hartree-Fock + BCS method, and examine the difference of fission barriers obtained with three constraining operators, that is, the neutron, proton, and mass quadrupole operators. We investigate $^{220}$U, $^{236}$U, and $^{266}$U, %from proton-rich to neutron-rich uranium isotopes, that is relevant to r-...

  5. Flexible Working, Professional Success and Being Female: Are they Incompatible?

    OpenAIRE

    Waumsley, Julie A.; Houston, Diane M.

    2009-01-01

    The UK’s flexible working strategy has developed progressively since 2000, reflecting changes in the economic, political and social climate. Research has shown employees to be concerned about the effects of flexible working on career success. This paper (N=266 & N=1093) examined male, female, managerial and non-managerial evaluations of employees who either used flexible working practices, worked long hours or worked regular hours. It also compared attitudes towards employees and their percei...

  6. Relationship of the disease activity between ferritin levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

    OpenAIRE

    ÇETİNKAYA, Ramazan; Ali Rıza ODABAŞ; SELÇUK, Yılmaz

    2001-01-01

    Ferritin is an acute phase reactant which indicates serum iron storage. Its serum levels increase 10 to 100 folds responding to inflammatory stimulation. In parallel to decreasing of active of disease, levels of ferritin decrease. To investigate the relationship between serum ferritin and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we enrolled 20 patients with SLE (16 female, 4 males and mean ages: 26.6 ± 7.8 (14-45) years). The serum ferritin levels were detected in active period...

  7. Genistein inhibits the proliferation of human multiple myeloma cells through suppression of nuclear factor-κB and upregulation of microRNA-29b.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Jie; Wang, Jianchao; Zhu, Bo

    2016-02-01

    Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant tumor and is the most common primary tumor of the bone marrow in the USA. Genistein is predominantly found in Leguminosae and various lines of evidence have indicated that it suppresses cell growth, induces programmed cell death and inhibits angiogenesis. As a result of these capabilities, genistein presents as a promising cancer chemopreventive agent. However, the effect of genistein on MM remains to be elucidated. The present study investigated the effect of genistein on the proliferation and apoptosis of MM cells through the regulation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and microRNA-29b (miR-29b). In the present study, cell proliferation was examined using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. In addition, apoptosis was detected using an Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide apoptosis assay and caspase-3 activation assay. The expression of NF-κB and miR-29b was analyzed using western blotting and reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Finally, miR-29b and anti-miR-29b plasmids were transfected into U266 cells to determine the effect of genistein on MM. In the present study, the results demonstrated that genistein could significantly reduce cell proliferation, induce apoptosis and increase the activity of caspase-3 in U266 cells. Furthermore, it was found that genistein could suppress the protein level of NF-κB and promote the expression of miR-29b in U266 cells. The results also indicated that miR-29b could alter the expression of NF-κB in U266 cells. These findings suggest that genistein inhibits the proliferation of human MM cells by upregulating miR-29b resulting in suppression of NF-κB.

  8. Investigation of XBT and XCTD biases in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal with implications for climate studies

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Boyer, T.; Gopalakrishna, V.V.; Reseghetti, F.; Naik, A.; Suneel, V.; Ravichandran, M.; Ali, N.P.M.; Rafeeq, M.M.M.; Chico, R.A.

    )showedthatXBTsdroppedincoldAntarctic waters may have a different fall rate with a speed lower Corresponding author address: Tim Boyer, National Oceano- graphic Data Center, Silver Spring, MD 20910. E-mail: tim.boyer@noaa.gov 266 JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC... latitudes. The four cruises have very similar temperature structures, with small differences in near-surface tem- peratures and differences in the depth of the mixed layer and gradients of the thermocline. Temperatures below 300-m depth decrease gradually...

  9. Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Minat Mahasiswa Akuntansi Berkarir Sebagai Akuntan Publik (Studi Pada Mahasiswa Akuntansi Perguruan Tinggi Negeri Di Medan)

    OpenAIRE

    Herawati, Lily

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to analyze the influence of the motivation, gender, financial respect, profesional training, profesional recognation, sosial values, work environment, consideration of market employee, and personality against accounting student interest on career as a public accountant. The object of the research were accounting student at state of university in Medan as a research sample that taken by using purposive sampling technique. There were 266 accounting students partisipating as ...

  10. School Belongingness and Mental Health Functioning across the Primary-Secondary Transition in a Mainstream Sample : Multi-Group Cross-Lagged Analyses

    OpenAIRE

    Vaz, Sharmila; Falkmer, Marita; Parsons, Richard; Passmore, Anne Elizabeth; Parkin, Timothy; Falkmer, Torbjörn

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between school belongingness and mental health functioning before and after the primary-secondary school transition has not been previously investigated in students with and without disabilities. This study used a prospective longitudinal design to test the bi-directional relationships between these constructs, by surveying 266 students with and without disabilities and their parents, 6-months before and after the transition to secondary school. Cross-lagged multi-group analy...

  11. Subtypes of Batterers in Treatment: Empirical Support for a Distinction between Type I, Type II and Type III

    OpenAIRE

    José Luis Graña; Natalia Redondo; Muñoz-Rivas, Marina J.; Arthur L Cantos

    2014-01-01

    This study explores the existence of different types of batterers in a sample of 266 men who had been court referred for intimate partner violence. The data collected in the assessment that have been used to perform a hierarchical and a two-step cluster analysis fall into three areas: aggression towards the partner, general aggression and presence of psychopathology and personality traits, more specifically, alcohol use, borderline and antisocial personality traits, psychopathy traits, state ...

  12. Molecular differentiation of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar from Tunisian food handlers with amoeba infection initially diagnosed by microscopy.

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Ayed S.; Ben Abdallah R.; Mousli M.; Aoun K.; Thellier M.; Bouratbine A.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to obtain more reliable epidemiological data concerning Entamoeba (E.) histolytica infection in Tunisian food handlers using established molecular tools able to differentiate E. histolytica from E. dispar. From 2002 to 2005, 4,266 fresh stools specimens received in the setting of the National program of food handlers' control were analysed by optical microscopy. Twelve (2.8 per thousand) were positive for the presence of four nuclei cysts identified as E. histolyt...

  13. Molecular pathogenesis of plasminogen Hakodate: the second Japanese family case of severe type I plasminogen deficiency manifested late-onset multi-organic chronic pseudomembranous mucositis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osaki, Tsukasa; Souri, Masayoshi; Song, Young-Seok; Izumi, Naohiro; Law, Ruby; Ichinose, Akitada

    2016-08-01

    A 64-year-old man first developed ligneous conjunctivitis at the age of 58 years after right pulmonary resection because of suspected cancer; otherwise, he had been healthy. Since then, he began to suffer from various forms of chronic pseudomembranous mucositis. Laboratory tests demonstrated that he had 7.8 % of plasminogen activity and 5.9 % of the normal antigen level. Thus, he was diagnosed as having severe type I plasminogen deficiency, making him the third case in Japan. DNA sequencing and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses revealed that this patient was a compound heterozygote of a G-to-A missense mutation (G266E) in exon VIII and a g-to-a mutation at the obligatory splicing acceptor site in intron 12 (IVS12-1g>a). These two mutations were confirmed to be novel. Molecular modeling and splice site strength calculation predicted conformational disorder(s) for the Glu266 mutant and a drastic decrease in splicing efficiency for intron 12, respectively. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the patient contained a small amount of the normal-sized plasminogen protein. Mass spectrometric analysis of the patient's plasminogen revealed a peptide containing the wild-type Gly266 residue and no peptides with mutations at Glu266. However, he had never suffered from thrombosis. Low levels of fibrinogen/fibrin degradation products (FDP), D-dimer, and plasmin-α2-plasmin inhibitor complex clearly indicated a hypo-fibrinolytic condition. However, his plasma concentration of elastase-digested crosslinked FDPs was 4.8 U/mL, suggesting the presence of an on-going plasmin(ogen)-independent "alternative" fibrinolytic system, which may protect the patient from thrombosis. The patient has been free from recurrence of ligneous conjunctivitis for approximately 2.5 years. PMID:27193180

  14. Rh-Catalyzed Asymmetric Hydrogenation of a-Enol Ester Phosphonates with 1-Phenylethylamine-Derived Phosphine- Phosphoramidite Ligands

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    HU Juan, WANG Dao-yong, ZHENG Zhuo, HU Xiang-ping J. Mol. Catal. (China) 2012, 26(6), 487 ~492 Chiral phosphine-phosphoramidite ligand, ( So, S,, )-2b, was found to be highly efficient in the Rh-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of various α-enol ester phosphonates, in which excellent enantioselectivities (up to 〉99% ee) and high catalyticactivity ( S/C up to 5000) were achieved.

  15. Aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity classification

    OpenAIRE

    A.V. Tereshchenko,; Yu. A. Belyy; M. S. Tereshchenkova; I. G. Trifanenkova

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Based on dynamic monitoring of 133 premature infants (266 eyes) with aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), digital retinoscopy and computer morphometry the disease clinical and morphometric features were revealed and systematized, and their consecutive replacement was fixed. As a result the separate classification of aggressive posterior disease was worked up. In aggressive posterior ROP course the next consecutive stages were marked out: subclinical, early ...

  16. Aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity classification, based on clinical and morphometric disease features

    OpenAIRE

    A. V. Tereshchenko; Yu. A. Belyy; I. G. Trifanenkova; M. S. Tereshchenkova

    2014-01-01

    Based on dynamic monitoring of 133 premature infants (266 eyes) with aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), digital retinoscopy and computer morphometry the disease clinical and morphometric features were revealed and systematized, and their consecutive replacement was fixed. As a result the separate classification of aggressive posterior disease was worked up. In ag- gressive posterior ROP course the next consecutive stages were marked out: subclinical, early clinical appeara...

  17. Ultra-deep pyrosequencing of partial surface protein genes from infectious Salmon Anaemia virus (ISAV suggest novel mechanisms involved in transition to virulence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turhan Markussen

    Full Text Available Uncultivable HPR0 strains of infectious salmon anaemia viruses (ISAVs infecting gills are non-virulent putative precursors of virulent ISAVs (vISAVs causing systemic disease in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar. The transition to virulence involves two molecular events, a deletion in the highly polymorphic region (HPR of the hemagglutinin-esterase (HE gene and a Q266→L266 substitution or insertion next to the putative cleavage site (R267 in the fusion protein (F. We have performed ultra-deep pyrosequencing (UDPS of these gene regions from healthy fish positive for HPR0 virus carrying full-length HPR sampled in a screening program, and a vISAV strain from an ISA outbreak at the same farming site three weeks later, and compared the mutant spectra. As the UDPS data shows the presence of both HE genotypes at both sampling times, and the outbreak strain was unlikely to be directly related to the HPR0 strain, this is the first report of a double infection with HPR0s and vISAVs. For F amplicon reads, mutation frequencies generating L266 codons in screening samples and Q266 codons in outbreak samples were not higher than at any random site. We suggest quasispecies heterogeneity as well as RNA structural properties are linked to transition to virulence. More specifically, a mechanism where selected single point mutations in the full-length HPR alter the RNA structure facilitating single- or sequential deletions in this region is proposed. The data provides stronger support for the deletion hypothesis, as opposed to recombination, as the responsible mechanism for generating the sequence deletions in HE.

  18. Diabetes self-management (DSM) in Omani with type-2 diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Hilal Alrahbi

    2014-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the status of diabetes self-management (DSM) among Omanis with type-2 diabetes and its relationship with glycemic control and demographic variables. Methods: A correlational descriptive design using questionnaire was conducted with a convenience sample of 266 Omani patients with type-2 diabetes to collect the data. Results: The findings indicated that DSM among the study subject is sub-optimal. Only 1% of them were regular on SMBG; 9.5% of ...

  19. Thermal and pasting properties of cassava starch-dehydrated orange pulp blends Propriedades térmicas e de pasta de misturas de fécula de mandioca e polpa cítrica

    OpenAIRE

    Magali Leonel; Luciana Bronzi de Souza; Martha Maria Mischan

    2011-01-01

    Instant mixtures are easy to prepare and frequently present functional appeals. A quality parameter for instant mixtures is their rheological behavior. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of extrusion parameters on the pasting properties of cassava (Manihot esculenta L.) starch and dehydrated orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) pulp mixtures. The variable parameters were moisture of mixtures (12.5 to 19%), barrel temperature (40 to 90ºC) and screw rotation (170 to 266 rpm). The extrud...

  20. Использование эфферентных методов лечения бактериального вагиноза у пациенток с сердечно-сосудистой патологией

    OpenAIRE

    Соколова, Татьяна; Караськова, Марина; Фоляк, Екатерина; Мухамедшина, Василя

    2009-01-01

    The recurrence and course of bacterial vaginosis in females with cardiovascular pathologies was studied over a period from 2000 to 2008. The group of females examined included 266 women whose age varied from 16 to 68 years. The study showed that bacterial vaginosis in patients with cardiovascular pathologies has a long-lasting course, frequent relapses, thus complicating and extending a therapy procedure as compared to the patients without cardiovascular pathologies.

  1. Physiological response of the blue shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris to short-term confinement on a pond bottom

    OpenAIRE

    Mugnier, Chantal; Lemonnier, Hugues; Legrand, Alexandre

    2006-01-01

    The blue shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris was exposed to pond sediment for 48 h and its physiological response was studied in relation to molt stage. Shrimp were maintained in cages within a semi-intensive pond after 4 months of rearing. Hypoosmoregulatory capacity (hypo-OC), magnesium ions (Mg ions), glucose, total proteins and oxyhaemocyanin were assayed in haemolymph. An increase of 370% to 500% in Mg ions concentration and 200% to 266% in glucose concentration, and a decrease in hypo-OC in...

  2. An analysis of Nigerian freshwater fishes: those under threat and conservation options

    OpenAIRE

    Olaosebikan, B.D.; Bankole, N.O.

    2005-01-01

    The study assessed qualitatively the threat status of all nigerian freshwater fishes using such criteria as rarity, size at maturity, mode of reproduction, human population density, habitat degradation, pollution and range of each species among others. The biology of 48% (129n) of nigerian freshwater species is not well known. Of the 266 known freshwater fishes, 47 species represented 17% are critically endangered, 15 (5%) are endangered , 8(3%), are vulnerable while 23(8%) are near threatene...

  3. Quality of Life in Osteoporosis: A Controlled Study

    OpenAIRE

    Halim Yılmaz; Gülten Erkin; Halime Almula Demir Polat; Sami Küçükşen; Ali Sallı; Hatice Uğurlu

    2012-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate quality of life in women without vertebral and nonvertebral fractures, with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO), osteopenic and normal bone mineral density (BMD), and to determine effective factors on quality of life. Materials and Methods: Without fractures, 266 women with PMO, 310 with osteopenia and 255 with normal women BMD were enrolled in the study. BMD measurement was performed on lumbar vertebra (L1-L4) and femur neck via dual energy X-ray absorbtiometry (DXA)....

  4. Predictors of Students’ Achievement in a Blended Learning Course

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Xingyu; Chen, Cindy; Smith, Casey; DeBoer, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have been at the center of media attention and hyperbole since 2012. Physics I: Classical Mechanics was a physics course offered by an elite private university in the northeastern United States in the fall of 2014. This course was offered in a blended learning format using a MOOC platform. There were 476 students enrolled in the course, but only 266 of them completed the course. In order to better understand the behavior and academic performance of students...

  5. Early Childhood Predictors of the Social Competence of Adults with Autism

    OpenAIRE

    Gillespie-Lynch, Kristen; Sepeta, Leigh; Wang, Yueyan; Marshall, Stephanie; Gomez, Lovella; Sigman, Marian; Hutman, Ted

    2011-01-01

    Longitudinal research into adult outcomes in autism remains limited. Unlike previous longitudinal examinations of adult outcome in autism, the twenty participants in this study were evaluated across multiple assessments between early childhood (M = 3.9 years) and adulthood (M = 26.6 years). In early childhood, responsiveness to joint attention (RJA), language, and intelligence were assessed. In adulthood, the parents of participants responded to interviews assessing the adaptive functioning, ...

  6. Antipneumococcal and Antistaphylococcal Activities of Ranbezolid (RBX 7644), a New Oxazolidinone, Compared to Those of Other Agents

    OpenAIRE

    Hoellman, Dianne B.; Lin, Gengrong; Ednie, Lois M.; Rattan, Ashok; Jacobs, Michael R.; Appelbaum, Peter C.

    2003-01-01

    For 260 pneumococcal and 266 staphylococcal strains, ranbezolid MICs ranged from ≤0.06 to 4 μg/ml. The MICs for pneumococci were similar irrespective of the strains' β-lactam, macrolide, or quinolone susceptibilities, and ranbezolid MICs for coagulase-negative staphylococci were lower than those for Staphylococcus aureus. Ranbezolid was bacteriostatic against pneumococci. Ranbezolid MICs were similar to or lower than those of linezolid. Vancomycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin were also very ...

  7. Synthesis of novel 1,4-dihydropyridine and 3,4-dihydropyridone based fluorous cationic amphiphiles for possible transmembrane delivery applications

    OpenAIRE

    Šmits, Rufs

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT Synthesis of novel 1,4-dihydropyridine and 3,4-dihydropyridone based fluorous cationic amphiphiles for possible transmembrane delivery applications. Smits R., Dr. Chem. Prof. G.W. Buchanan, Dr. Chem. Vigante B., Doctor’s Thesis , 163 pages, 48 figures, 54 schemes, 6 tables, 266 references. In English language. 1,4-DIHYDROPYRIDINE, 3,4-DIHYDROPYRIDONE, FLUOROUS ESTERS, CATIONIC AMPHIPHILES, DNA TRANSFECTION, DRUG DELIVERY, BROMINATION, OXIDATION, CHLORO-FORMYLATION, HYDROGEN BON...

  8. Gender and ethnic differences in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Asian subgroups in California

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Sarah E.; Liu, Michael; Palaniappan, Latha P; Wang, Elsie J.; Wong, Nathan D.

    2013-01-01

    AimsTo investigate gender and ethnic type 2 diabetes (DM) prevalences among California Asian subgroups versus other ethnic groups and if risk factors explain these differences.MethodsWe identified the prevalence of DM and associated risk factors, stratified by gender, among Chinese, Filipino, South Asian, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Mexican, Other Hispanic, African American, Caucasian, and Native American adults in a large survey conducted in 2009 (n=46,091, projected n= 26.6 mil).ResultsTh...

  9. Low temperature magnetic structure of MnSe

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J B C Efrem D'sa; P A Bhobe; K R Priolkar; A Das; P S R Krishna; P R Sarode; R B Prabhu

    2004-08-01

    In this paper we report low temperature neutron diffraction studies on MnSe in order to understand the anomalous behaviour of their magnetic and transport properties. Our study indicates that at low temperatures MnSe has two coexisting crystal structures, high temperature NaCl and hexagonal NiAs. NiAs phase appears below 266 K and is antiferromagnetically ordered at all temperatures while the NaCl phase orders antiferromagnetically at 130 K.

  10. SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF ABACAVIR, LAMIVUDINE AND ZIDOVUDINE IN COMBINED TABLET DOSAGE FORM BY UV SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD

    OpenAIRE

    Nagulwar Vaishali P; Bhusari Kishor P

    2011-01-01

    The present study deals with the development of an accurate, economical and reproducible UV spectrophotometric method for the simultaneous estimation of abacavir, lamivudine and zidovudine in pure bulk drug and in combined tablet dosage form. The stock solutions were prepared in acetonitrile followed by the further required dilutions with distilled water. The λ max for abacavir, lamivudine, and zidovudine were observed at 295.6, 279.8 and 266.2 nm respectively and linearity was also shown at ...

  11. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF THE BREAST CANCER IN FIRST CLINIC OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, IASI

    OpenAIRE

    Dragomir, D.; D. Nemescu; M. Onofriescu; Marie-Jeanne Aldea

    2006-01-01

    In this study we evaluate retrospectively the evolution of surgical treatment for breast cancer in last 10 years, in our clinic. We analyze time variation of incidence, operative technique and postoperative stage for breast cancer, especially for conservative therapy. Between 1995 and 2004 we treated 474 women with invasive ductal carcinoma (126 – 26.6% conservative approach vs. 259 – 69.4% modified mastectomy). Incidence of postoperative tumor stage was: 6% in situ, 39% T1, 37% T2 and 18% ...

  12. Comparative Efficacy of Different Mastitis Markers for Diagnosis of Sub-Clinical Mastitis in Cows

    OpenAIRE

    Anil Langer; Sunanda Sharma; Narendra Kumar Sharma; DS Nauriyal

    2014-01-01

    Seven hundred ninety six milk samples from 266 quarters of 69 lactating cows were subjected to microbiological investigations for identification of pathogens. One hundred ninety bacterial isolates were recovered from 89 infected quarters, among these monomicrobial infection was found in 50 (56.2%) quarters, whereas, mixed infection was observed in 39 (43.8%) quarters. Bacterial isolates identified were Staph. chromogenes (49.47%), Staph. hyicus (21.1%), Staph. epidermidis (11.05%), Str. agala...

  13. Specificity of Synaptic Connectivity between Layer 1 Inhibitory Interneurons and Layer 2/3 Pyramidal Neurons in the Rat Neocortex

    OpenAIRE

    Wozny, Christian; Stephen R Williams

    2011-01-01

    Understanding the structure and function of the neocortical microcircuit requires a description of the synaptic connectivity between identified neuronal populations. Here, we investigate the electrophysiological properties of layer 1 (L1) neurons of the rat somatosensory neocortex (postnatal day 24–36) and their synaptic connectivity with supragranular pyramidal neurons. The active and passive properties of visually identified L1 neurons (n = 266) suggested division into 4 groups according to...

  14. Waveguiding-assisted random lasing in epitaxial ZnO thin film

    OpenAIRE

    Dupont, P. -H.; Couteau, C.; Rogers, D.J.; Téhérani, F. Hosseini; Lérondel, G.

    2013-01-01

    Zinc Oxide thin films were grown on c-sapphire substrates using pulsed laser deposition. Pump power dependence of surface emission spectra, acquired using a quadrupled 266 nm laser, revealed room temperature stimulated emission (threshold of 900 kW/cm2). Time dependent spectral analysis plus gain measurements of single-shot, side-emission, spectra pumped with a nitrogen laser revealed random lasing indicative of the presence of self-forming laser cavities. It is suggested that random lasing i...

  15. Drug: D06482 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06482 Drug Thyroid (USP); Thyradin (TN) Thyroid hormone Same as: C08215 thyroid ho...:br08310] Nuclear receptors Thyroid hormone like receptors Thyroid hormone recept...or (THR) thyroid hormone receptor, alpha [HSA:7067] [KO:K05547] Thyroid D06482 Thyroid (USP) thyroid hormone... receptor, beta [HSA:7068] [KO:K08362] Thyroid D06482 Thyroid (USP) CAS: 8028-36-2 PubChem: 47208138 NIKKAJI: J209.266B ...

  16. Experiment list: SRX655402 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SRX655402 hg19 Input control Input control Neural SF8628 NA 13211836,96.7,9.5,266 GSM1438429: Input DMSO... 24h, rep1; Homo sapiens; ChIP-Seq source_name=Pediatric, K27M mutated DIPG cells treated with DMSO... for 24h, input || cell line=SF8628 || age=year 3 || tissue=pons || gender=female || treatment=DMSO

  17. Comparative genomics and transcriptomics of Propionibacterium acnes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elzbieta Brzuszkiewicz

    Full Text Available The anaerobic gram-positive bacterium Propionibacterium acnes is a human skin commensal that is occasionally associated with inflammatory diseases. Recent work has indicated that evolutionary distinct lineages of P. acnes play etiologic roles in disease while others are associated with maintenance of skin homeostasis. To shed light on the molecular basis for differential strain properties, we carried out genomic and transcriptomic analysis of distinct P. acnes strains. We sequenced the genome of the P. acnes strain 266, a type I-1a strain. Comparative genome analysis of strain 266 and four other P. acnes strains revealed that overall genome plasticity is relatively low; however, a number of island-like genomic regions, encoding a variety of putative virulence-associated and fitness traits differ between phylotypes, as judged from PCR analysis of a collection of P. acnes strains. Comparative transcriptome analysis of strains KPA171202 (type I-2 and 266 during exponential growth revealed inter-strain differences in gene expression of transport systems and metabolic pathways. In addition, transcript levels of genes encoding possible virulence factors such as dermatan-sulphate adhesin, polyunsaturated fatty acid isomerase, iron acquisition protein HtaA and lipase GehA were upregulated in strain 266. We investigated differential gene expression during exponential and stationary growth phases. Genes encoding components of the energy-conserving respiratory chain as well as secreted and virulence-associated factors were transcribed during the exponential phase, while the stationary growth phase was characterized by upregulation of genes involved in stress responses and amino acid metabolism. Our data highlight the genomic basis for strain diversity and identify, for the first time, the actively transcribed part of the genome, underlining the important role growth status plays in the inflammation-inducing activity of P. acnes. We argue that the disease

  18. The environmental history in pediatric practice: a study of pediatricians' attitudes, beliefs, and practices.

    OpenAIRE

    Kilpatrick, Nikki; Frumkin, Howard; Trowbridge, Jane; Escoffery, Cam; Geller, Robert; Rubin, Leslie; Teague, Gerald; Nodvin, Janice

    2002-01-01

    We conducted a mail survey of practicing pediatricians in Georgia to assess their knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding recording patients' environmental histories. Of 477 eligible pediatricians, 266 (55.8%) responded. Fewer than one in five reported having received training in environmental history-taking. Pediatricians reported that they strongly believe in the importance of environmental exposures in children's health, and 53.5% of respondents reported experience with a patient who...

  19. The relation of secondary student's career choice readiness to a six-phase model of career decision-making

    OpenAIRE

    Hirschi, Andreas; Läge, Damian

    2007-01-01

    Based on common aspects of recent models of career decision-making (CDM) a sixphase model of CDM for secondary students is presented and empirically evaluated. The study tested the hypothesis that students who are in later phases possess more career choice readiness and consider different numbers of career alternatives. 266 Swiss secondary students completed measures tapping phase of CDM, career choice readiness, and number of considered career options. Career choice readiness showed an incre...

  20. PENULARAN FILARIASIS DI PEMUKIMAN TRANSMIGRASI KUMPEH, JAMBI DITINJAU DARI ASPEK SOSIO ANTROPOLOGI

    OpenAIRE

    M. Sudomo; Kasnodihardjo Kasnodihardjo; Siti Sapardiyah Santoso

    2012-01-01

    Study on the socio-cultural aspects in relation to filariasis transmission dynamics was carried out in the transmigration area of Kumpeh, Iambi. In this study a number of 266 respondents originated from Java were interviewed. Beside interview by using questionnaires, focus group discussions and observation were also implemented. From this study it was known that the word "filariasis" seemed to be unpopular among the transmigrants. They used to called the disease untut or penyakit kaki gajah. ...

  1. Clinical Course of Ophthalmic Findings and Potential Influence Factors of Herpesvirus Infections: 18 Month Follow-Up of a Closed Herd of Lipizzaners

    OpenAIRE

    Rushton, James O.; Jolanta Kolodziejek; Alexander Tichy; Norbert Nowotny; Barbara Nell

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To date the influence of herpesviruses on the development of equine ocular diseases has not been clearly determined. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to illustrate the course of equine ocular findings over a period of 18 months at 6 month intervals, in correlation with the results of herpesvirus detection. METHODS: 266 Lipizzaners in 3 federal states of Austria underwent complete ophthalmologic examination 4 times. Blood samples, nasal- and conjunctival swabs were obtained...

  2. The Contingent Value of Organizational Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virpi Turkulainen

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available We elaborate the link between organizational design and effectiveness by examining organizational integration and performance in the context of modern manufacturing. Through careful contextualization and empirical analysis of 266 manufacturing organizations in three industries and nine countries, we uncover a joint effect of integration and complexity on organizational effectiveness. The results extend structural contingency theory, in particular the mechanisms that link organizational integration to organizational effectiveness. We conclude by discussing the continuing relevance of structural contingency theory.

  3. Uji Resistensi Beberapa Kultivar Plasma Nutfah Karet (Hevea brasiliensis Muell Arg) Terhadap Penyakit Gugur Daun (Corynespora cassiicola (Berk. & Curt.) Wei) Di Lapangan

    OpenAIRE

    Tari Elvalianda

    2009-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Pusat Penelitian Perkebunan Sungei Putih dari bulan September 2006 sampai bulan Maret 2007. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan kultivar karet yang tahan terhadap penyakit gugur daun (Corynespora cassiicola). Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok ( RAK ) Faktorial dengan 60 perlakuan kombinasi dan 2 ulangan. Kultivar plasma nutfah yang digunakan adalah PN No. 262, PN No. 266, PN No. 386, PN No. 389, PN No. 398, PN No. 803...

  4. Chemical composition of the essential oil of Moluccella spinosa L. (Lamiaceae) collected wild in Sicily and its activity on microorganisms affecting historical textiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casiglia, Simona; Jemia, Mariem Ben; Riccobono, Luana; Bruno, Maurizio; Scandolera, Elia; Senatore, Felice

    2015-01-01

    In this study the chemical composition of the essential oil from aerial parts of Moluccella spinosa L. collected in Sicily was evaluated by GC and GC-MS. The main components of M. spinosa L. were α-pinene (26.6%), caryophyllene oxide (16.8%) and β-caryophyllene (8.6%). A comparison with other studied oils of genus Moluccella is made. Antibacterial and antifungal activities against some microorganisms infesting historical textiles were also determined. PMID:25554361

  5. Oral Hygiene Facilitators and Barriers in Greek 10 Years Old Schoolchildren

    OpenAIRE

    Angelopoulou, Matina; Kavvadia, Katerina; Oulis, Constantine; Reppa, Christina

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the oral hygiene facilitators and barriers for 10 years old Greek children, via a questionnaire and clinical examination. Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 266, 10 years old, children recruited from schools in 3 locations in Greece. Data were collected via questionnaires and clinical examination. Questionnaires referred to Children’s oral hygiene knowledge, behavior and attitude as well as parents’ oral hygiene beha...

  6. A Study on Primary School English Teachers’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs

    OpenAIRE

    Güven, Selvin; Mersin Üniversitesi, Yabancı Diller Yüksekokulu; Çakır, Özler; Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Bölümü

    2012-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not primary school English language teachers’ self–efficacy beliefs changed according to the variables of (a) the department graduated, (b) taking a course about teaching English to children, (c) taking an in-service training, and (d) experience. The descriptive study was conducted with 266 English language teachers working for the public primary schools in the villages and the city center of Mersin in Turkey in 2004. Two data colle...

  7. EXTRACTION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF TWO SPECIES ORIGANUM PLANT CONTAINING PHENOLIC AND FLAVONOID COMPOUNDS

    OpenAIRE

    N. Benchikha Benchikha; M. Menaceur Menaceur; Z.Barhi

    2015-01-01

    The antioxidant of ethanolic extract of two species of Origanum and essential oil of plant Origanum vulgare were investigated and also the total phenolic and flavonoid content measured. The radical scavenging activity was measured using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were estimated by Folin-Ciocalteu and aluminum chloride methods, respectively. According to the results the leaves extracts have very important values for polyphenols (266.8...

  8. Acculturation and language orientations of Turkish immigrants in Australia, France, Germany and the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Yağmur, Kutlay; Vijver, Fons J.R.

    2012-01-01

    The authors examined acculturation and language orientations among Turkish immigrants in Australia (n = 283), France (n = 266), Germany (n = 265), and the Netherlands (n = 271). They expected that the countries with the least pluralistic climate (France and Germany) would show the lowest level of sociocultural adjustment and the highest level of ethnic orientation and language use; the opposite was expected in Australia, as the country with the most pluralistic climate; and the Netherlands wo...

  9. 韩国明年将扩大锡等金属收储规模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    韩国政府采购机构PPS(Public Procurement Service)的一位高层人士近日称,该机构2013年计划采购127,266吨基本金属,总预算支出接近6.68亿美元,较2012年的支出增加逾20%。

  10. Heterosexuals' attitudes toward same-sex parenting: The case of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Pedro; Rita, Cláudia; Fernandes, Inês; Caldeira, Sara; Pereira, Henrique; Leal, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    During the last decade in Portugal, there have been political changes regarding the rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals, such as the right to marry. However, parenting by same-sex couples is not legally recognized, and there are legal impediments for same-sex parents to adopt a child. The purpose of this study was to assess Portuguese heterosexuals’ attitudes toward same-sex parenting and the reasoning behind them. 993 participants (266 males and 727 females), aged be...

  11. REVIEW:Species diversity of indigenous fruits in Indonesia and its potential.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TAHAN UJI

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is rich of species diversity of indigenous fruits. The results of study reported that there are 266 species of indigenous fruits encountered in Indonesia and 62 species of them are cultivated. Four genera of indigenous fruits are recommended to developed in Indonesia, i.e. Durio, Mangifera, Garcinia and Nephelium. This study also reported that duku (Lansium domesticum, salak (Salacca zalacca, buah merah (Pandanus conoideus, and matoa (Pometia pinnata have a good prospect also to be developed in Indonesia.

  12. Mediterranean Aquaculture: Marine Fish Farming Development

    OpenAIRE

    Basurco, B.

    2001-01-01

    in many parts of the world, aquaculture production in the Mediterranean has been expanding rapidly over recent years. Total aquaculture production in the region reached 1,266,959 t in 1999, which represents approximately 6% of the world aquaculture production (3% in 1995). Although Mediterranean aquaculture still focuses more on mollusc production (53.9%), the share of fish production is progressing constantly (46% in 1999, and 35% in 1995), parallel to global trends of world a...

  13. GETDB: 112201 [GETDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 112201 Link to Original w[*]; P{GawB}NP0531 / CyO 66D10 Link to DGRC Genome Viewer: 11220...nal) semi lethal - comment1:C, comment2:66D11-D12 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 - - - Show 112201 DGRC Number 11220...Link to DGRC Genome Viewer: 112201 Related Genes CG6486 h Original Number 531 Chr. 2 Comments NP line. Recei

  14. Effect of unsupervised home based proprioceptive training on recurrences of ankle sprain: randomised controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Hupperets, Maarten D W; Verhagen, Evert A L M; van Mechelen, Willem

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of an unsupervised proprioceptive training programme on recurrences of ankle sprain after usual care in athletes who had sustained an acute sports related injury to the lateral ankle ligament. Design Randomised controlled trial, with one year follow-up. Setting Primary care. Participants 522 athletes, aged 12-70, who had sustained a lateral ankle sprain up to two months before inclusion; 256 (120 female and 136 male) in the intervention group; 266 (128 ...

  15. Job conditions, psychological climate, and affective commitment as predictors of intention to quit among two groups of bank employees in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Balogun MR; Adetula, Gabriel A.; Olowodunoye, Stella, A.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which job conditions (job demands and job control), psychological climate, and affective commitment predict turnover intention among Tellers and Interpersonal Relation Officers in some Nigerian Banks and whether affective commitment mediate the relationship between psychological climate and turnover intention. Five hundred and nineteen(tellers = 321, IRO = 198)bank employees (266 males and 253 females) whose ages ranged from 19 to 65 years with a mean of 34.0...

  16. Available Carbohydrates, Glycemic Load, and Pancreatic Cancer: Is There a Link?

    OpenAIRE

    Meinhold, Cari L.; Dodd, Kevin W; Jiao, Li; Flood, Andrew; Shikany, James M.; Genkinger, Jeanine M.; Hayes, Richard B; Stolzenberg-Solomon, Rachael Z

    2010-01-01

    High-carbohydrate diets have been linked to pancreatic cancer risk in case-control studies, but prospective studies have shown mostly null results. The authors investigated the associations of glycemic load, glycemic index, and carbohydrate intake with pancreatic cancer risk in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial. Dietary intake was assessed by using a self-administered questionnaire. Between 1998 and 2006 (median follow-up = 6.5 years), 266 incident, confirmed ...

  17. EXTRACTION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF TWO SPECIES ORIGANUM PLANT CONTAINING PHENOLIC AND FLAVONOID COMPOUDS

    OpenAIRE

    N. Benchikha; T. Lanez; M. Menaceur; Z. Barhi

    2013-01-01

    The antioxidant of ethanolic extract of two species of Origanum and essential oil of plant Origanum vulgare were investigated and also the total phenolic and flavonoid content measured. The radical scavenging activity was measured using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were estimated by Folin-Ciocalteu and aluminum chloride methods, respectively. According to the results the leaves extracts have very important values for polyphenols (266.8...

  18. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U13887-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available asslei heat shock p... 281 7e-74 EU884290_1( EU884290 |pid:none) Megalobrama amblycephala heat shoc... 281 7...ldew 266 4e-69 EF537133_1( EF537133 |pid:none) Kibramoa guapa clone 4b heat shock...-68 EF537131_1( EF537131 |pid:none) Kibramoa guapa clone 15 heat shock... 261 9e-68 X13301_1( X13301 |pid:no

  19. Domain Modeling: NP_005896.1 [SAHG[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 32H,333P,334A,335T,373K,378R,385W,388E,389Y,390H,392Q,393D,394V 242Y,245N,250E,251T,264F,265T,266D,267P,273R...,275C,277G,278L,280S,282V,289E,290N,292R,293R,294H,297K,316S,369Y,382V,383K,384G,389Y

  20. Disorder-specific cognitive profiles in major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder

    OpenAIRE

    Hendriks, S.M.; Licht, C.M.M.; Spijker, J; Beekman, A T F; Hardeveld, F.; de Graaf, R; Penninx, B.W.J.H.

    2014-01-01

    Background: This investigation examines differences in cognitive profiles in subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Methods: Data were used from subjects with current MDD (n = 655), GAD (n = 107) and comorbid MDD/GAD (n = 266) diagnosis from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). The Composite Interview Diagnostic Instrument was used to diagnose MDD and GAD. Cognitive profiles were measured using the Leiden Index of Depression S...

  1. Resonance frequency in respiratory distress syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, S.; Milner, A

    2000-01-01

    AIM—To observe how the resonance frequency changes with the course of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), by examining the effect of changing static compliance on the resonance frequency in premature infants.
METHODS—In 12 ventilated premature infants with RDS (mean gestational age 26.6 weeks, mean birth weight 0.84 kg), resonance frequency and static compliance were determined serially using phase analysis and single breath mechanics technique respectively in the first ...

  2. EST Table: NM_001126233 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NM_001126233 Tra2 10/09/29 60 %/266 aa ref|NP_001119705.1| transformer 2 isoform A ...[Bombyx mori] gb|AAT42220.2| transformer-2 protein A [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 65 %/101 aa FBpp0236157|Dvira2-P...gi|189240798|ref|XP_968550.2| PREDICTED: similar to transformer-2 protein A [Tribolium castaneum] NM_001126237 ...

  3. Medical Efforts and Injury Patterns of Military Hospital Patients Following the 2013 Lushan Earthquake in China: A Retrospective Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng Kang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate medical efforts and injury profiles of victims of the Lushan earthquake admitted to three military hospitals. This study retrospectively investigated the clinical records of 266 admitted patients evacuated from the Lushan earthquake area. The 2005 version of the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS-2005 was used to identify the severity of each injury. Patient demographic data, complaints, diagnoses, injury types, prognosis, means of transportation, and cause of injury were all reviewed individually. The statistical analysis of the study was conducted primarily using descriptive statistics. Of the 266 patients, 213 (80.1% were admitted in the first two days. A total of 521 injury diagnoses were recorded in 266 patients. Earthquake-related injuries were primarily caused by buildings collapsing (38.4% and victims being struck by objects (33.8%; the most frequently injured anatomic sites were the lower extremities and pelvis (34.2% and surface area of the body (17.9%. Fracture (41.5% was the most frequent injury, followed by soft tissue injury (27.5%, but crush syndrome was relatively low (1.2% due to the special housing structures in the Lushan area. The most commonly used procedure was suture and dressings (33.7%, followed by open reduction and internal fixation (21.9%.The results of this study help formulate recommendations to improve future disaster relief and emergency planning in remote, isolated, and rural regions of developing countries.

  4. Micrometric rods grown by nanosecond pulsed laser deposition of boron carbide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Quintas, Ignacio; Oujja, Mohamed; Sanz, Mikel; Benitez-Cañete, Antonio [Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Chater, Richard J. [Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Cañamares, Maria Vega [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Marco, José F. [Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Castillejo, Marta, E-mail: marta.castllejo@iqfr.csic.es [Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2015-02-15

    Highlights: • Micrometric rods obtained by ns pulsed laser deposition of boron carbide at 1064 and 266 nm. • At 1064 nm microrods display crystalline polyhedral shape with sharp edges and flat sides. • Microrods consist of a mixture of boron, boron oxide, boron carbide and aliphatic hydrocarbons. - Abstract: Micrometric size rods have been fabricated via pulsed laser deposition in vacuum from boron carbide targets using nanosecond pulses of 1064 and 266 nm and room temperature Si (1 0 0) substrates. Morphological, structural and chemical characterization of the microrods was made by applying scanning electron microscopy, focussed ion beam microscopy coupled to secondary ion mass spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and micro-Raman spectroscopy. Ablation at 1064 nm favours the formation of microrods with high aspect ratio, sharp edges and pyramidal tips, typically 10 μm long with a cross section of around 2 μm × 2 μm. Differently, at 266 nm the microrods are of smaller size and present a more globular aspect. The analyses of the microrods provide information about their crystalline nature and composition, based on a mixture which includes boron, boron oxide and boron carbide, and allows discussion of the wavelength dependent growth mechanisms involved.

  5. Structural analysis of the promoter of tomato 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase 6 gene(Le-ACS6)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN JingYu; FAN Rong; WAN XiaoRong; CHARNG Yeeyung; WANG NingNing

    2007-01-01

    Ethylene plays an important role in the regulation of many growth and developmental processes of higher plants. In tomato, Le-ACS6, a member of the ACC synthase multigene family involved in system 1 ethylene biosynthesis during fruit ripening, is subject to negative feedback regulation by ethylene. To identify the cis-elements that are responsible for the negative feedback control, we established an in vitro transient assay system employing particle bombardment on mature-green tomato fruit pericarp to examine the expression of a luciferase (LUC) reporter gene driven by a 5'-serially deleted Le-ACS6 promoter. The results localized putative cis-elements required for negative ethylene-response between -347 and -266 upstream from the translational start site ATG. Several lines of stable transformation of the Le-ACS6 promoter and GUS reporter fusion gene containing internal deletion from -347 to -266 were generated. The expression pattern of the GUS reporter showed that removal of the nucleotides from -347 to -266 completely eliminated the response of the Le-ACS6 promoter to exogenous ethylene.

  6. Ultraviolet damage resistance of laser coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The damage resistance of several thin-film materials used in ultraviolet laser optics was measured at 266 and 355 nm. The coatings included single, quarterwave (QW) layers of NaF, LaF3, MgF2, ThO2, Al2O3, HfO2, ZrO2, Y2O3 and SiO2, plus multilayer reflectors composed of some of these materials. The substrates were uv-grade fused silica. Single-shot thresholds were obtained with 22 ns and 27 ns (FWHM) pulses at 266 and 355 nm, respectively. One of the samples had previously been tested using 20-ps pulses, providing a pulsewidth comparison. At 266 nm the coating with the highest damage threshold was a QW layer of NaF at 10.8 J/cm2 (450 MW/cm2), whereas for a maximum reflector of Al2O3/NaF the value was 3.6 J/cm2 (154 MW/cm2), and the threshold of the maximum reflector was 12.2 J/cm2 (470 MW/cm2). The results were analyzed to determine correlations with standing-wave electric fields and linear and two-photon absorption. Scaling relationships for wavelength, refractive index and atomic density, and pulsewidth were found

  7. Monoterpenos di-hidroxilados e hidróxi-nitrogenados 1,2 e 1,3 como ligantes quirais em reação de reformatsky assimétrica 1,2- and 1,3-dihydroxylated and hydroxynitrogenated monoterpenes as chiral ligands in the asymmetric reformatsky reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Magno R. Ribeiro

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the use of three (--alpha-pinene derivatives, one diol-1,2 [(--(1R, 2R, 3S, 5R-2,6,6-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]heptane-2,3-diol 4] and two piridine-hydroxy derivatives [(+-(1R,2S,3R,5S-2,6,6-trimethyl-3-(2-pyridinylmethylbicyclo[3.1.1]heptan-3-ol 7 and (--(1R,2S,3R,5S-2,6,6-trimethyl-3-[2-(2-pyridinyl ethyl]bicyclo[3.1.1]heptan-3-ol 8]; one diol-1,3 [(--(1S,2R,5S-2-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl-5-methylcyclohexanol 5] derived from (+-isopulegol 2 and one diol-1,3 [(+-(1R,2R,5R-2-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl-5-methylcyclohexanol 6] derived from (+-neo-isopulegol 3, as ligands in the asymmetric Reformatsky reaction. The best enantiomeric excess of beta-hydroxy ester obtained in the Reformatsky asymmetric reaction was 18% using ligand 6, and the chemical yield of the reactions was 65% on average.

  8. 1,2- and 1,3-dihydroxylated and hydroxynitrogenated monoterpenes as chiral ligands in the asymmetric reformatsky reaction; Monoterpenos di-hidroxilados e hidroxi-nitrogenados 1,2 e 1,3 como ligantes quirais em reacao de reformatsky assimetrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ribeiro, Carlos Magno R.; Morita, Cristina M.; Maia, Monica P. [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica. Dept. de Quimica Organica]. E-mail: gqocmrr@vm.uff.br

    2008-07-01

    This study describes the use of three (-)-{alpha}-pinene derivatives, one diol-1,2 [(-)- (1R, 2R, 3S, 5R)-2,6,6-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]heptane-2,3-diol 4] and two pyridine-hydroxy derivatives [(+)-(1R,2S,3R,5S)-2,6,6- trimethyl-3-(2-pyridinylmethyl)bicyclo[3.1.1]heptane-3-ol 7 and (-)-(1R,2S,3R,5S)-2,6,6-trimethyl-3-[2-(2-pyridinyl) ethyl]bicyclo[3.1.1]heptane-3-ol 8]; one diol-1,3 [(-)-(1S,2R,5S)-2-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-5-methylcyclohexanol 5] derived from (+)-isopulegol 2 and one diol-1,3 [(+)-(1R,2R,5R)-2-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-5-methylcyclohexanol 6] derived from (+)-neoisopulegol 3, as ligands in the asymmetric Reformatsky reaction. The best enantiomeric excess of {beta}-hydroxy ester obtained in the Reformatsky asymmetric reaction was 18% using ligand 6, and the chemical yield of the reactions was 65% on average. (author)

  9. Resistless photochemical etching of a silicon wafer by UV laser with an H2O2 and HF aqueous solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A new resistless etching method has been developed for Silicon wafers. This new method uses an aqueous solution consisting of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hydrogen fluoride (HF) as the activating etchants. A 193 nm ArF excimer laser and a 266 nm fourth harmonic generation Nd:YAG laser were used as the photon sources. Results showed that pattern etching has been achieved without any photoresist film. In the case of the 193 nm laser, the optimal etching appeared at a 1.3 H2O2/HF ratio, where an etch depth of 210 nm was achieved with a fluence of 29 mJ/cm2 and shot number of 10000. At the same conditions, the etch depth with H2O2 and HF solution was three times of that by using H2O and HF mixture. In the case of the 266 nm Nd:YAG laser, the optimal etching appeared at twice ratio of H2O2/HF, where the etch depth of 420 nm was achieved with a fluence of 12 mJ/cm2 and shot number of 30000. Results showed that the etch effect of the 266 nm Nd: YAG laser was more desirable than that of the 193 nm ArF excimer laser.``Keyords: UV laser, resistless photochemical etching, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).

  10. The Role of Myeloma Cells to Osteoclast Activation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahare Sadeghi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Multiple myeloma (MM is a hematological malignancy characterized by osteolyticbone disease which is associated with severe bone pain and pathological bonefractures. The receptor activator of nuclear factor κB (RANK and receptor activator ofnuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL system has an important role in regulation of boneremodeling process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of the RANK/RANKL molecules by the myeloma cells derived from patients and myeloma cell lineU-266.Materials and Methods: Myeloma cells derived from 7 myeloma patients and plasma cellleukemia were included into this study to evaluate the expression of the RANK/RANKLmolecules by the reverse transcriptions-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR method atthe mRNA level. As well as human myeloma cell line U266, U937, RPMI-8866 and Helawere used as control groups.Results: In this study we show the expression of RANK and its ligand at the mRNA levelin U-266 (myeloma cell line and plasma cells derived from patients by the RT-PCR technique.Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that expression of RANK and RANKL by plasmacells can contribute to induction of osteoclasts and plasma cell activation which elevatesbone resorption in myeloma patients.

  11. Multiple myeloma cell lines and primary tumors proteoma: protein biosynthesis and immune system as potential therapeutic targets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzotti, Diego Robles; Evangelista, Adriane Feijó; Braga, Walter Moisés Tobias; de Lourdes Chauffaille, Maria; Leme, Adriana Franco Paes; Colleoni, Gisele Wally Braga

    2015-01-01

    Despite great advance in multiple myeloma (MM) treatment since 2000s, it is still an incurable disease and novel therapies are welcome. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore MM plasma cells' (MM-PC) proteome, in comparison with their normal counterparts (derived from palatine tonsils of normal donors, ND-PC), in order to find potential therapeutic targets expressed on the surface of these cells. We also aimed to evaluate the proteome of MM cell lines with different genetic alterations, to confirm findings obtained with primary tumor cells. Bone marrow (BM) samples from eight new cases of MM and palatine tonsils from seven unmatched controls were submitted to PC separation and, in addition to two MM cell lines (U266, RPMI-8226), were submitted to protein extraction for mass spectrometry analyses. A total of 81 proteins were differentially expressed between MM-PC and ND-PC - 72 upregulated and nine downregulated; U266 vs. RPMI 8226 cell lines presented 61 differentially expressed proteins - 51 upregulated and 10 downregulated. On primary tumors, bioinformatics analyses highlighted upregulation of protein biosynthesis machinery, as well as downregulation of immune response components, such as MHC class I and II, and complement receptors. We also provided comprehensive information about U266 and RPMI-8226 cell lines' proteome and could confirm some patients' findings. PMID:26807199

  12. Isolation and characterization of entomopathogenic bacteria from soil samples from the western region of Cuba.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, Aileen; Rodríguez, Graciela; Bruzón, Rosa Y; Díaz, Manuel; Companionis, Ariamys; Menéndez, Zulema; Gato, René

    2013-06-01

    The use of insect pathogens is a viable alternative for insect control because of their relative specificity and lower environmental impact. The search for wild strains against dipterans could have an impact on mosquito control programs. We have made an extensive screening of soil in western Cuba to find bacteria with larvicidal activity against mosquitoes. A total of 150 soil samples were collected and isolates were identifying using the API 50 CHB gallery. Phenotypic characteristics were analyzed by hierarchical ascending classification. Quantitative bioassays were conducted under laboratory conditions following the World Health Organization protocol in order to ascertain the toxicity and efficacy of isolates. The protein profiles of the crystal components were determined by SDS-PAGE. Eight hundred and eighty-one bacterial isolates were obtained, and 13 isolates with entomopathogenic activity were isolated from nine samples. Nine isolates displayed higher entomopathogenic activity against both Cx. quinquefasciatus and Ae. aegypti compared with the reference strain 266/2. All toxic isolates showed higher biological potency than the 266/2 strain. These isolates with high entomopathogenic activity displayed a protein pattern similar to the B. thuringiensis var. israelensis IPS-82 and 266/2 strains. These results are a valuable tool for the control of Diptera of medical importance. PMID:23701606

  13. A laser-based FAIMS detector for detection of ultra-low concentrations of explosives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akmalov, Artem E.; Chistyakov, Alexander A.; Kotkovskii, Gennadii E.; Sychev, Alexey V.; Tugaenko, Anton V.; Bogdanov, Artem S.; Perederiy, Anatoly N.; Spitsyn, Eugene M.

    2014-06-01

    A non-contact method for analyzing of explosives traces from surfaces was developed. The method is based on the laser desorption of analyzed molecules from the surveyed surfaces followed by the laser ionization of air sample combined with the field asymmetric ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS). The pulsed radiation of the fourth harmonic of a portable GSGG: Cr3+ :Nd3+ laser (λ = 266 nm) is used. The laser desorption FAIMS analyzer have been developed. The detection limit of the analyzer equals 40 pg for TNT. The results of detection of trinitrotoluene (TNT), cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX) and cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine (HMX) are presented. It is shown that laser desorption of nitro-compounds from metals is accompanied by their surface decomposition. A method for detecting and analyzing of small concentrations of explosives in air based on the laser ionization and the FAIMS was developed. The method includes a highly efficient multipass optical scheme of the intracavity fourthharmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation (λ = 266 nm) and the field asymmetric ion mobility (FAIM) spectrometer disposed within a resonator. The ions formation and detection proceed inside a resonant cavity. The laser ion source based on the multi-passage of radiation at λ = 266 nm through the ionization region was elaborated. On the basis of the method the laser FAIMS analyzer has been created. The analyzer provides efficient detection of low concentrations of nitro-compounds in air and shows a detection limit of 10-14 - 10-15 g/cm3 both for RDX and TNT.

  14. Efficient 2(nd) and 4(th) harmonic generation of a single-frequency, continuous-wave fiber amplifier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudmeyer, Thomas; Imai, Yutaka; Masuda, Hisashi; Eguchi, Naoya; Saito, Masaki; Kubota, Shigeo

    2008-02-01

    We demonstrate efficient cavity-enhanced second and fourth harmonic generation of an air-cooled, continuous-wave (cw), single-frequency 1064 nm fiber-amplifier system. The second harmonic generator achieves up to 88% total external conversion efficiency, generating more than 20-W power at 532 nm wavelength in a diffraction-limited beam (M(2) crystal operated at 25 degrees C. The fourth harmonic generator is based on an AR-coated, Czochralski-grown beta-BaB(2)O(4) (BBO) crystal optimized for low loss and high damage threshold. Up to 12.2 W of 266-nm deep-UV (DUV) output is obtained using a 6-mm long critically phase-matched BBO operated at 40 degrees C. This power level is more than two times higher than previously reported for cw 266-nm generation. The total external conversion efficiency from the fundamental at 1064 nm to the fourth harmonic at 266 nm is >50%.

  15. Microstructuring of fused silica by laser-induced backside wet etching using picosecond laser pulses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The laser-induced backside wet etching (LIBWE) is an advanced laser processing method used for structuring transparent materials. LIBWE with nanosecond laser pulses has been successfully demonstrated for various materials, e.g. oxides (fused silica, sapphire) or fluorides (CaF2, MgF2), and applied for the fabrication of microstructures. In the present study, LIBWE of fused silica with mode-locked picosecond (tp = 10 ps) lasers at UV wavelengths (λ1 = 355 nm and λ2 = 266 nm) using a (pyrene) toluene solution was demonstrated for the first time. The influence of the experimental parameters, such as laser fluence, pulse number, and absorbing liquid, on the etch rate and the resulting surface morphology were investigated. The etch rate grew linearly with the laser fluence in the low and in the high fluence range with different slopes. Incubation at low pulse numbers as well as a nearly constant etch rate after a specific pulse number for example were observed. Additionally, the etch rate depended on the absorbing liquid used; whereas the higher absorption of the admixture of pyrene in the used toluene enhances the etch rate and decreases the threshold fluence. With a λ1 = 266 nm laser set-up, an exceptionally smooth surface in the etch pits was achieved. For both wavelengths (λ1 = 266 nm and λ2 = 355 nm), LIPSS (laser-induced periodic surface structures) formation was observed, especially at laser fluences near the thresholds of 170 and 120 mJ/cm2, respectively.

  16. High efficiency fourth-harmonic generation from nanosecond fiber master oscillator power amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mu, Xiaodong; Steinvurzel, Paul; Rose, Todd S.; Lotshaw, William T.; Beck, Steven M.; Clemmons, James H.

    2016-03-01

    We demonstrate high power, deep ultraviolet (DUV) conversion to 266 nm through frequency quadrupling of a nanosecond pulse width 1064 nm fiber master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA). The MOPA system uses an Yb-doped double-clad polarization-maintaining large mode area tapered fiber as the final gain stage to generate 0.5-mJ, 10 W, 1.7- ns single mode pulses at a repetition rate of 20 kHz with measured spectral bandwidth of 10.6 GHz (40 pm), and beam qualities of Mx 2=1.07 and My 2=1.03, respectively. Using LBO and BBO crystals for the second-harmonic generation (SHG) and fourth-harmonic generation (FHG), we have achieved 375 μJ (7.5 W) and 92.5 μJ (1.85 W) at wavelengths of 532 nm and 266 nm, respectively. To the best of our knowledge these are the highest narrowband infrared, green and UV pulse energies obtained to date from a fully spliced fiber amplifier. We also demonstrate high efficiency SHG and FHG with walk-off compensated (WOC) crystal pairs and tightly focused pump beam. An SHG efficiency of 75%, FHG efficiency of 47%, and an overall efficiency of 35% from 1064 nm to 266 nm are obtained.

  17. Reliability of Czochralski-grown {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4}(BBO) devices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Umezu, Nobuhiko; Fukui, Tatsuo; Okamoto, Tsutomu; Wada, Hiroyuki; Tatsuki, Kouichi; Kondo, Kenji; Kubota, Shigeo [Sony Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-03-01

    We have achieved more than 1000 hours-operation in 266 nm-continuous wave (CW), 100 mW-generation of all-solid-state-UV laser system using Czochralski (Cz)-grown {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4}(BBO) crystal devices. Absorption of the Cz-grown crystal for e-ray at 266 nm was improved to 1%/cm, which is one-third lower than that of the crystal grown by top seeded solution growth (TSSG) method. Degradation rate of 266 nm generation, using 7 kHz repetition rate laser diode pumped Q switched Nd:YAG laser as a fundamental light source, was one order of magnitude lower than that of TSSG-crystal. Surface roughness of the crystal was better than 0.3 rms.-nm. HfO{sub 2} film with extremely high adhesion was deposited on the surfaces using reactive low voltage ion plating method. Our devices can be put to practical use in areas of photolithography, micro fabrication, material processing and ultra high density optical disk mastering. (author)

  18. Medical Efforts and Injury Patterns of Military Hospital Patients Following the 2013 Lushan Earthquake in China: A Retrospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Peng; Tang, Bihan; Liu, Yuan; Liu, Xu; Liu, Zhipeng; Lv, Yipeng; Zhang, Lulu

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this paper is to investigate medical efforts and injury profiles of victims of the Lushan earthquake admitted to three military hospitals. This study retrospectively investigated the clinical records of 266 admitted patients evacuated from the Lushan earthquake area. The 2005 version of the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS-2005) was used to identify the severity of each injury. Patient demographic data, complaints, diagnoses, injury types, prognosis, means of transportation, and cause of injury were all reviewed individually. The statistical analysis of the study was conducted primarily using descriptive statistics. Of the 266 patients, 213 (80.1%) were admitted in the first two days. A total of 521 injury diagnoses were recorded in 266 patients. Earthquake-related injuries were primarily caused by buildings collapsing (38.4%) and victims being struck by objects (33.8%); the most frequently injured anatomic sites were the lower extremities and pelvis (34.2%) and surface area of the body (17.9%). Fracture (41.5%) was the most frequent injury, followed by soft tissue injury (27.5%), but crush syndrome was relatively low (1.2%) due to the special housing structures in the Lushan area. The most commonly used procedure was suture and dressings (33.7%), followed by open reduction and internal fixation (21.9%).The results of this study help formulate recommendations to improve future disaster relief and emergency planning in remote, isolated, and rural regions of developing countries. PMID:26334286

  19. Photodissociation and Density Functional Calculations of Small+ Clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren-zhong Li; Hong-guang Xu; Guo-jin Cao; Yu-chao Zhao; Wei-iun Zheng

    2011-01-01

    Oxygen-poor vanadium oxide clusters,V2O,n+ (n=1,2),V3On+ (n=1,2,3),and V4O3+,were produced by laser vaporization and were mass-selected and photodissociated with 532 and 266 nm photons.The geometric structures and possible dissociation channels of these clusters were determined based on the comparison of density functional calculations and photodissociation experiments.The experiments show that the dissociation of V2O+,V2O2+,and V3O3+ mainly occurs by loss of VO,while the dissociation of V3O+ and V4O3+ mainly occurs by loss of V atom.For the dissociation of V3O2+,the VO loss channel is slightly dominant compared to the V loss channel.The combination of experimental results and theoretical calculations suggests that the V loss channels of V3O+ and V4O3+ are single photon processes at both 532 and 266 nm.The VO loss channels of V2O2+ and V3O3+ are multiple-photon processes at both 532 and 266 nm.

  20. Association of human papillomavirus infection with other microbial pathogens in gynecology%人乳头状瘤病毒与妇科其他常见病原微生物感染关系的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑美云; 赵荷兰; 狄君平; 林干; 林颖; 林曦; 郑敏巧

    2010-01-01

    Objective To Investigate correlation between screening assay of human papillomavirus (HPV) and microbial pathogens in gynecology. Methods Cervical samples were collected to search for HPV, bacteria and yeast infections in gynecologic outpatients. HPV typing was carried out by PCR and sequencing on cervical brush specimens. Chlamydia trachomatis was identified by strand displacement amplification (SDA) and the other microorganisms were detected by conventional methods. All data were analyzed to investigate the correlation among them. Results In this cross-sectional study, among 857 enrolled outpatients, there were 266 cases with positive HPV DNA, and the rate of infection was 31.0%(266/857). HPV genotype showed that thirty-five different HPV types were identified, of which HPV16 was the most prevalent ( 14.5%, 38/262), followed by HPV58 (9.2%, 24/262), HPV53 (8.0%, 21/262)and HPV42 (6.1%, 16/262); while other genotypes were present in less than 5% of HPV positive women.According to the reclassification, the aggregated percentage (high-risk and probably high-risk) of detected HPV was 58.8% ( 154/262), 27.9% (73/262) for low-risk and 13.4% (35/262) for unknown-risk HPV types. Among HPV positive women, cervical brush specimens results showed that more than 60% cases with normal cytology, 3.8% (10/266) with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL), 29. 7% (79/266) with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) and 3.0% (8/266) with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS), respectively. Statistical analyses revealed there was a significant association between the infected HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis or Ureaplasma urealyticum ( >10000 CCU/ml; all P 0.05 ). Among the cases with bacterial vaginosis, the positive rate of HPV infected was42.6%. Chlamydia trachomatis was one of the high-risk factors for the infection of HPV ( OR = 2.82, 95%CI: 1.74 -4.57). Mycoplasma hominis was isolated only in 2 cases, no patient was infected with

  1. Efficient 2(nd) and 4(th) harmonic generation of a single-frequency, continuous-wave fiber amplifier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudmeyer, Thomas; Imai, Yutaka; Masuda, Hisashi; Eguchi, Naoya; Saito, Masaki; Kubota, Shigeo

    2008-02-01

    We demonstrate efficient cavity-enhanced second and fourth harmonic generation of an air-cooled, continuous-wave (cw), single-frequency 1064 nm fiber-amplifier system. The second harmonic generator achieves up to 88% total external conversion efficiency, generating more than 20-W power at 532 nm wavelength in a diffraction-limited beam (M(2) crystal operated at 25 degrees C. The fourth harmonic generator is based on an AR-coated, Czochralski-grown beta-BaB(2)O(4) (BBO) crystal optimized for low loss and high damage threshold. Up to 12.2 W of 266-nm deep-UV (DUV) output is obtained using a 6-mm long critically phase-matched BBO operated at 40 degrees C. This power level is more than two times higher than previously reported for cw 266-nm generation. The total external conversion efficiency from the fundamental at 1064 nm to the fourth harmonic at 266 nm is >50%. PMID:18542230

  2. NOD/SCID-GAMMA mice are an ideal strain to assess the efficacy of therapeutic agents used in the treatment of myeloma bone disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Michelle A; Paton-Hough, Julia M; Evans, Holly R; Walker, Rebecca E; Harris, William; Ratnabalan, Dharshi; Snowden, John A; Chantry, Andrew D

    2015-01-01

    Animal models of multiple myeloma vary in terms of consistency of onset, degree of tumour burden and degree of myeloma bone disease. Here we describe five pre-clinical models of myeloma in NOD/SCID-GAMMA mice to specifically study the effects of therapeutic agents on myeloma bone disease. Groups of 7-8 week old female irradiated NOD/SCID-GAMMA mice were injected intravenously via the tail vein with either 1x106 JJN3, U266, XG-1 or OPM-2 human myeloma cell lines or patient-derived myeloma cells. At the first signs of morbidity in each tumour group all animals were sacrificed. Tumour load was measured by histological analysis, and bone disease was assessed by micro-CT and standard histomorphometric methods. Mice injected with JJN3, U266 or OPM-2 cells showed high tumour bone marrow infiltration of the long bones with low variability, resulting in osteolytic lesions. In contrast, mice injected with XG-1 or patient-derived myeloma cells showed lower tumour bone marrow infiltration and less bone disease with high variability. Injection of JJN3 cells into NOD/SCID-GAMMA mice resulted in an aggressive, short-term model of myeloma with mice exhibiting signs of morbidity 3 weeks later. Treating these mice with zoledronic acid at the time of tumour cell injection or once tumour was established prevented JJN3-induced bone disease but did not reduce tumour burden, whereas, carfilzomib treatment given once tumour was established significantly reduced tumour burden. Injection of U266, XG-1, OPM-2 and patient-derived myeloma cells resulted in less aggressive longer-term models of myeloma with mice exhibiting signs of morbidity 8 weeks later. Treating U266-induced disease with zoledronic acid prevented the formation of osteolytic lesions and trabecular bone loss as well as reducing tumour burden whereas, carfilzomib treatment only reduced tumour burden. In summary, JJN3, U266 or OPM-2 cells injected into NOD/SCID-GAMMA mice provide robust models to study anti-myeloma therapies

  3. NOD/SCID-GAMMA mice are an ideal strain to assess the efficacy of therapeutic agents used in the treatment of myeloma bone disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle A Lawson

    Full Text Available Animal models of multiple myeloma vary in terms of consistency of onset, degree of tumour burden and degree of myeloma bone disease. Here we describe five pre-clinical models of myeloma in NOD/SCID-GAMMA mice to specifically study the effects of therapeutic agents on myeloma bone disease. Groups of 7-8 week old female irradiated NOD/SCID-GAMMA mice were injected intravenously via the tail vein with either 1x106 JJN3, U266, XG-1 or OPM-2 human myeloma cell lines or patient-derived myeloma cells. At the first signs of morbidity in each tumour group all animals were sacrificed. Tumour load was measured by histological analysis, and bone disease was assessed by micro-CT and standard histomorphometric methods. Mice injected with JJN3, U266 or OPM-2 cells showed high tumour bone marrow infiltration of the long bones with low variability, resulting in osteolytic lesions. In contrast, mice injected with XG-1 or patient-derived myeloma cells showed lower tumour bone marrow infiltration and less bone disease with high variability. Injection of JJN3 cells into NOD/SCID-GAMMA mice resulted in an aggressive, short-term model of myeloma with mice exhibiting signs of morbidity 3 weeks later. Treating these mice with zoledronic acid at the time of tumour cell injection or once tumour was established prevented JJN3-induced bone disease but did not reduce tumour burden, whereas, carfilzomib treatment given once tumour was established significantly reduced tumour burden. Injection of U266, XG-1, OPM-2 and patient-derived myeloma cells resulted in less aggressive longer-term models of myeloma with mice exhibiting signs of morbidity 8 weeks later. Treating U266-induced disease with zoledronic acid prevented the formation of osteolytic lesions and trabecular bone loss as well as reducing tumour burden whereas, carfilzomib treatment only reduced tumour burden. In summary, JJN3, U266 or OPM-2 cells injected into NOD/SCID-GAMMA mice provide robust models to study anti

  4. 锌掺杂对针状氧化铁的结构及电化学性能的影响%Effect of Doping Zinc Ion on Structure and Electrochemical Properties of Needle-like Iron Oxide Nanoparticles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕慧; 蒋荣立; 周璐; 李艳芬

    2013-01-01

    采用微乳-超临界干燥法制备了Zn2+掺杂针状Zn034Fe2.66O4纳米晶.利用红外光谱仪、能谱仪、X射线衍射仪和透射电子显微镜对样品的晶体结构、化学组成、粒径和形貌进行表征.结果表明:产物为形貌规整的针状,长径比明显小于Fe3O4的.通过循环伏安、恒流充放电和交流阻抗等方法研究了Zn0.34Fe2.66O4电极的电化学性能,结果表明:在1mol/L H2SO4溶液中,在0~1.6V(vs饱和甘汞电极)电位范围内,Zn2+掺杂Zn0.34Fe2.66O4材料的电活性和循环稳定性、可逆性优于Fe3O4的.在1 A/g电流密度下,单电极比容量达1 116F/g,大电流充放电性能良好.%Zn0.34Fe2.66O4 nanociystallines were synthesized through a microemulsion-alcohol supercritical fluid drying technique. The structure, chemical composition, size and morphology of products were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray fluoresence spectrometry, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The results show that the as-prepared powder has a regularly needle-like morphology, and the aspect ratio of rod-like Zn0.34Fe2.66O4 microcrystallines is smaller than that of Fe3O4. The electrochemical properties of Zn0.34Fe2.66O4 electrode were investigated by using cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge and electrochemical impedance spectrometry. It was indicated that Zn0.34Fe2.66O4 nanocrystallines exhibited better electrochemical performance and cycling stability in H2SO4 electrolyte of 1 mol/L in the potential range of 0-1.6 V (vs saturated calomel electrode). The specific capacitance of the material as a single electrode was 1 116F/g at the current density of 1 A/g. The sample had a better load discharge performance.

  5. Clinical Observation of Liver Damage in the Renal Allograft Recipients with Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Viral Infection%乙、丙型肝炎病毒感染的肾移植受者肝损害临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰天飙; 任星峰; 彭隽

    2011-01-01

    Objective : To observe the clinical characteristics of liver damage in the renal allograft recipients with hepatitis B and hepatitis C Infection.Methods : A retrospective review of clinical manifestation was processed in 266 renal allograft recipients.65( 65/266 )cases with the infection of hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus( HBV and HCV ) hefore operation were divided into positive group, and 201( 201/266 ) cases without infection hefore operation were as negative control.All patients were treated with the similar immunosuppressive agents and liver protective medicine after operation.The liver function test, HBVDNA, HCVRNA and the concentration of CsA were monitored.The liver biopsy specimens from 28 patients with chronic hepatitis B and C were assessed.Results :The morbility and mortality of liver damage in the patients with HBV and HCV infection were significantly higher than those without infection.In the sole HBV infection, the degree of liver dysfunction was severer, the inflammatory activity index of liver tissue was higher,and 9 cases fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis( FCH ) were found.Conclusion : The incidence of liver damage in the renal allograft recipients with infection of HBV and HCV is higher after operation, the strict evaluation of liver function should be suhjected hefore operation.The liver damage of renal allograft patients with sole HBV infection should be paid more attention, and treated with protective FCH.%目的:观察乙、丙型肝炎病毒感染的肾移植受者术后肝损害的临床特点.方法:回顾性分析并跟踪观察了266例同种异体肾移植术受者的临床资料.65(65/266)例术前乙、丙肝炎病毒感染者作为阳性组,其中单一HBVM阳性者38例,单一抗HCV阳性者12例,HBVM/抗HCV双阳性15例;同期无病毒感染者201(201/266)例为阴性组.术后均采用三联免疫抑制方案及护肝药物治疗,同时监测肝功能、HBVDNA、HCVRNA及CsA药物浓度.28例术后乙、丙型肝炎受者作肝

  6. Biochemical Roles for Conserved Residues in the Bacterial Fatty Acid-binding Protein Family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broussard, Tyler C; Miller, Darcie J; Jackson, Pamela; Nourse, Amanda; White, Stephen W; Rock, Charles O

    2016-03-18

    Fatty acid kinase (Fak) is a ubiquitous Gram-positive bacterial enzyme consisting of an ATP-binding protein (FakA) that phosphorylates the fatty acid bound to FakB. In Staphylococcus aureus, Fak is a global regulator of virulence factor transcription and is essential for the activation of exogenous fatty acids for incorporation into phospholipids. The 1.2-Å x-ray structure of S. aureus FakB2, activity assays, solution studies, site-directed mutagenesis, and in vivo complementation were used to define the functions of the five conserved residues that define the FakB protein family (Pfam02645). The fatty acid tail is buried within the protein, and the exposed carboxyl group is bound by a Ser-93-fatty acid carboxyl-Thr-61-His-266 hydrogen bond network. The guanidinium of the invariant Arg-170 is positioned to potentially interact with a bound acylphosphate. The reduced thermal denaturation temperatures of the T61A, S93A, and H266A FakB2 mutants illustrate the importance of the hydrogen bond network in protein stability. The FakB2 T61A, S93A, and H266A mutants are 1000-fold less active in the Fak assay, and the R170A mutant is completely inactive. All FakB2 mutants form FakA(FakB2)2 complexes except FakB2(R202A), which is deficient in FakA binding. Allelic replacement shows that strains expressing FakB2 mutants are defective in fatty acid incorporation into phospholipids and virulence gene transcription. These conserved residues are likely to perform the same critical functions in all bacterial fatty acid-binding proteins.

  7. Pulsed UV laser light on Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae suspended in non-alcoholic beer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Elikaei

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pulsed ultra-violet (UV irradiation on inactivation of beer spoilage microorganisms. UV irradiation is nowadays cost effective enough to compete with traditional biological, physical, and chemical treatment technologies and has become an alternative to such methods."nMaterial and Methods: Photoinactivation effects of pulsed UV laser with the wavelengths of 355 and 266 nm, which inactivate typical prokaryotic (Escherichia coli and eukaryotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae microorganisms, were examined with different doses and exposure times."nResults: A dose of 100 J/cm2 of the 355 nm pulsed UV laser was able to reduce about 1 to 2 log (88.75% of E.coli with the population of 1.6×108 colony-forming units (CFU/ml, and 97% of 3.2×107, 3×106, 5.5×105, and 9×104 CFU/ml. In the case of 266 nm, more than 99% reduction in E. coli serial dilutions was inactivated, using 10 J/cm2 with exception of 7×104 CFU/ml which was not detected any bacterial growth using 5 J/cm2. In addition, 50, 40, and 20 J/cm2 energy were used successfully to inactivate S. cerevisiae at the populations of 5.4×106, 7×105, 5×104 and 4×103 CFU/ml, respectively."nAs a result, pulsed UV Laser with 266 nm was strong enough to inactivate a high titer of bacterial and yeast indicator standards suspended in non-alcoholic beer in comparison with 355nm doses."nConclusion: Results indicate that pulsed UV technology, in principle, is an attractive alternative to conventional methods for the inactivation of indicator microorganisms and has potential in irradiation of unpasteurized beer.

  8. Temperature field measurements in liquids using ZnO thermographic phosphor tracer particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abram, Christopher; Pougin, Miriam; Beyrau, Frank

    2016-07-01

    Temperature field measurements in liquids are demonstrated using zinc oxide (ZnO) thermographic phosphor particles. The particles are added to the liquid as a tracer. Following laser excitation, the temperature-dependent luminescence emission of the particles is imaged and the temperature is determined using a two-colour intensity ratio method. The particle size requirements for accurate temperature tracing in turbulent flows are calculated using a numerical heat transfer model. Particle-water mixtures were prepared using ultrasonic dispersion and characterised using scanning electron microscope imaging and laser diffraction particle-sizing, indicating that the particle size is 1-2 \\upmum. The particle luminescence properties were characterised using spectroscopic and particle luminescence imaging techniques. Using 355 nm laser excitation, the luminescence signal is the same in water and in air. However, 266 nm excitation is used to avoid spectral overlap between Raman scattering from water and the detected ZnO luminescence emission. It is shown that 266 nm excitation can be used for temperature measurements in water using mass loads as low as 1-5 mg L^{-1}, corresponding to measured particle number densities 0.5-2.5 × 10^{12} particles hbox {m}^{-3}. In this range, the measured intensity ratio is independent of the mass load. The dependence of the intensity ratio on the laser fluence is less pronounced using excitation at 266 nm compared to 355 nm. A single-shot, single-pixel temperature precision of ±2-3 ^{circ }hbox {C} (1σ ) can be achieved over a temperature range spanning 50 ^{circ }hbox {C}. The technique was applied to a convection experiment to measure the temperature fields in a buoyant thermal plume, demonstrating the suitability of these imaging diagnostics for the investigation of thermal convection and heat transfer.

  9. Treatment with 5-Aza-2'-Deoxycytidine Induces Expression of NY-ESO-1 and Facilitates Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte-Mediated Tumor Cell Killing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnes S Klar

    Full Text Available NY-ESO-1 belongs to the cancer/testis antigen (CTA family and represents an attractive target for cancer immunotherapy. Its expression is induced in a variety of solid tumors via DNA demethylation of the promoter of CpG islands. However, NY-ESO-1 expression is usually very low or absent in some tumors such as breast cancer or multiple myeloma. Therefore, we established an optimized in vitro treatment protocol for up-regulation of NY-ESO-1 expression by tumor cells using the hypomethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC.We demonstrated de novo induction of NY-ESO-1 in MCF7 breast cancer cells and significantly increased expression in U266 multiple myeloma cells. This effect was time- and dose-dependent with the highest expression of NY-ESO-1 mRNA achieved by the incubation of 10 μM DAC for 72 hours. NY-ESO-1 activation was also confirmed at the protein level as shown by Western blot, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence staining. The detection and quantification of single NY-ESO-1 peptides presented at the tumor cell surface in the context of HLA-A*0201 molecules revealed an increase of 100% and 50% for MCF7 and U266 cells, respectively. Moreover, the enhanced expression of NY-ESO-1 derived peptides at the cell surface was accompanied by an increased specific lysis of MCF7 and U266 cells by HLA-A*0201/NY-ESO-1(157-165 peptide specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR CD8+ T cells. In addition, the killing activity of CAR T cells correlated with the secretion of higher IFN-gamma levels.These results indicate that NY-ESO-1 directed immunotherapy with specific CAR T cells might benefit from concomitant DAC treatment.

  10. Treatment with 5-Aza-2'-Deoxycytidine Induces Expression of NY-ESO-1 and Facilitates Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte-Mediated Tumor Cell Killing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klar, Agnes S.; Gopinadh, Jakka; Kleber, Sascha; Wadle, Andreas; Renner, Christoph

    2015-01-01

    Background NY-ESO-1 belongs to the cancer/testis antigen (CTA) family and represents an attractive target for cancer immunotherapy. Its expression is induced in a variety of solid tumors via DNA demethylation of the promoter of CpG islands. However, NY-ESO-1 expression is usually very low or absent in some tumors such as breast cancer or multiple myeloma. Therefore, we established an optimized in vitro treatment protocol for up-regulation of NY-ESO-1 expression by tumor cells using the hypomethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC). Methodology/Principal Findings We demonstrated de novo induction of NY-ESO-1 in MCF7 breast cancer cells and significantly increased expression in U266 multiple myeloma cells. This effect was time- and dose-dependent with the highest expression of NY-ESO-1 mRNA achieved by the incubation of 10 μM DAC for 72 hours. NY-ESO-1 activation was also confirmed at the protein level as shown by Western blot, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence staining. The detection and quantification of single NY-ESO-1 peptides presented at the tumor cell surface in the context of HLA-A*0201 molecules revealed an increase of 100% and 50% for MCF7 and U266 cells, respectively. Moreover, the enhanced expression of NY-ESO-1 derived peptides at the cell surface was accompanied by an increased specific lysis of MCF7 and U266 cells by HLA-A*0201/NY-ESO-1(157–165) peptide specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) CD8+ T cells. In addition, the killing activity of CAR T cells correlated with the secretion of higher IFN-gamma levels. Conclusions/Significance These results indicate that NY-ESO-1 directed immunotherapy with specific CAR T cells might benefit from concomitant DAC treatment. PMID:26447882

  11. 广州市孕妇抑郁及社会支持状况的调查%A survey on depression of pregnant women in Guangzhou and social support

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜君; 刘悦新; 冯莹

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the correlation between depressions in the pregnant women in Guangzhou and the social supports.Method 266 pregnant women in the obstetrical clinic of a comprehensive hospital in Guangzhou were chosen through convenient sampling for investigation of their demographic data.Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and social support.Results 17.3% of these pregnant women were scored more than 9 points in terms of EPDS.The depression was negatively related with social support, subjective and objective support as well as the utility of those aupports.Conclusion Petinent preventive meaaures are critical for preventinS the high-risk groups susceptible to depression from antepartum depression and improving the health of mother and infant.%目的 了解广州市孕妇的抑郁及社会支持状况,并分析探讨其两者间的相关性.方法 采用便利抽样法,对广州市某综合医院产科门诊接受产前保健服务的266例孕妇的一般情况、产后抑郁情况及社会支持状况进行调查.结果 266例孕妇中有抑郁症状的46例,占17.3%;孕妇的抑郁状况与社会支持、主观支持以及对支持的利用度存在负相关.结论 对产前出现抑郁症的高危人群,及时采取针对性的防治措施,对预防孕妇产前抑郁、改善母儿健康具有积极的意义.

  12. Dicty_cDB: AFK493 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available elim): 0 length of query: 195 length of database: 80,480,566 effective HSP length: 17 effective... length of query: 178 effective length of database: 78,821,179 effective search space: 14030169862 effective... Number of sequences better than 10.0: 0 length of query: 195 length of database: Z,213,015,108 effective HSP length: 22 effective... length of query: 173 effective length of database: Y,388,266,194 effective... search space: 7160170051562 effective search space used: 7160170051562 T: 0 A: 0 X1: 6 (11.

  13. A Multiparty Controlled Bidirectional Quantum Secure Direct Communication and Authentication Protocol Based on EPR Pairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yan; Zhang, Shi-Bin; Yan, Li-Li; Sheng, Zhi-Wei

    2013-06-01

    A multiparty controlled bidirectional quantum secure direct communication and authentication protocol is proposed based on EPR pair and entanglement swapping. The legitimate identities of communicating parties are encoded to Bell states which act as a detection sequence. Secret messages are transmitted by using the classical XOR operation, which serves as a one-time-pad. No photon with secret information transmits in the quantum channel. Compared with the protocols proposed by Wang et al. [Acta Phys. Sin. 56 (2007) 673; Opt. Commun. 266 (2006) 732], the protocol in this study implements bidirectional communication and authentication, which defends most attacks including the ‘man-in-the-middle’ attack efficiently.

  14. 高血压性脑出血患者术后抑郁危险因素的Logistic回归分析%Logistic regression analysis of risk factors of depression in patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage after opera- tion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈莉; 吕建国; 陈仕芬; 徐文斌

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨高血压性脑出血患者术后抑郁的危险因素,为其早期预防提供依据。方法对266例高血压性脑出血患者进行了系统性的调查分析,对可能是导致其抑郁的危险因素进行了 Logistic 回归分析。结果266例患者中有91例出现了抑郁,发病率为34.2%。通过 Logistic 回归分析发现:性格、脑出血程度、家庭经济情况和文化程度等是高血压性脑出血患者术后抑郁的独立危险因素。结论高血压性脑出血患者术后抑郁症的发病率较高,早期干预可降低抑郁症的发病率。%Objective To explore the risk factors related to depression in patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage after operation,and to provide the basis for the prevention.Methods For 266 cases of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage patients,a systematic investigation and analysis,in view of depression as a risk factor,were analyzed by logistic regression analysis.Results In 266 cases,91 cases appeared depression,and the incidence rate was 34.2%.Through Logistic regression analysis,we found that:character,the degree of cerebral hemorrhage, family economic conditions and cultural level are risk factors for depression of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage patients after operation.Conclusion Patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage surgery have a higher inci-dence of depression,which affects the prognosis and outcome of the disease.We should actively intervene earlier.

  15. Deciphering detailed plate kinematics of the Indian Ocean and developing a unified model for East Gondwanaland reconstruction: An Indian-Australian-French initiative

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Yatheesh, V.; Dyment, J.; Bhattacharya, G.C.; Muller, R.D.

    abstract and poster T51B-1879; Yatheesh et al., 2009, European Geosci. Union Meeting abstract and poster EGU2009- 13589) could derive 1399 magnetic anomaly picks (846, 287 and 266 picks from the Central Indian, Crozet and Madagascar basins, respectively... et al., 1983, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 65, 331-342; Krishna et al., 1995, J. Geophys. Res., v. 100/B10, 20011-20024). Recently, Jacob et al. (2009, European Geosci. Union Meeting abstract and poster EGU2009-6417) revisited the Wharton Basin...

  16. Enhanced Multiparty Controlled QSDC Using GHZ State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shih-Hung Kao; Chia-Wei Tsai; Tzonelih Hwang

    2011-01-01

    Recently, Gao et al. [Opt. Commun. 283 (2010) 192] pointed out that Wang et al.'s multiparty controlled quantum secure direct communication (CQSDC) protocol [Opt. Commun. 266 (2006) 732] has the information leakage problem and proposed an improved protocol. However, in the improved protocol, due to the introduction of an additional random sampling to avoid the weakness, the qubit efficiency is decreased. By introducing the base changing technique to the random sampling in Wang et al.'s protocol, this study overcomes the information leakage problem and provides a better qubit efficiency.

  17. Ukliješteni između tradicije i tranzicije: antropološko i epidemiološko presječno istraživanje Bajaš Roma u Hrvatskoj

    OpenAIRE

    Škarić-Jurić, Tatjana; Martinović Klarić, Irena; SMOLEJ NARANČIĆ, NINA; Drmić, Stipe; Peričić Salihović, Marijana; Barać Lauc, Lovorka; Miličić, Jasna; Barabalić, Maja; Zajc, Matea; Janićljević, Branka

    2007-01-01

    Cilj Ispitati ključne značajke uvjeta života i zdravlja Bajaš Roma iz Baranje iMeđimurja u Hrvatskoj i ustanoviti moguće demografske i društveno-ekonomske izvore razlika u samoprocjeni zdravlja i reprodulcijskim navikama. Postupci Istraživanje je obuhvatilo ukupno 266 odraslih Bajaš Roma iz Baranje i 164 iz Međimurja (prosječn dob 41.3±15.1 godina). Podatci o etnografskim i povijesnim značajkama, shvaćanju vlastitog identiteta, higijenskim i životnim uvjetima, izobrazbi, zaposlenosti, zdravst...

  18. Anorexia y bulimia y su relación con la depresión en adolescentes

    OpenAIRE

    Guadarrama Guadarrama, Rosalinda; Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Temascaltepec; Domínguez Valdez, Katy Vianney; Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Temascaltepec.; López Alvarado, Rubí; Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Temascaltepec.; Toribio Pérez, Lorena; Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Temascaltepec.

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo de la investigación fue determinar el cociente de correlación de anorexia nerviosa y bulimia nerviosa con respecto a la depresión, para lo cual se trabajó con una muestra no probabilística de tipo intencional constituida por 266 sujetos estudiantes de una preparatoria particular del sur del estado de México, 152 de ellos mujeres y 114 hombres. Los instrumentos aplicados fueron el Test de Actitudes Alimentarias, el Test de Bulit y el Inventario de Depresión de Beck, todos ellos val...

  19. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U15362-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available a punctata genomic clo... 36 1.2 2 ( EY852787 ) CG32-C1-003-030-E05-CT.F Mexican lime leaf, green... 38 1.3 ...can lime leaf, green... 38 4.8 2 ( EY855107 ) CG32-C1-003-014-F02-CT.F Mexican lime...003... 34 4.5 6 ( CU104698 ) Zebrafish DNA sequence from clone CH211-266L9 in ... 36 4.8 4 ( EY851729 ) CG32-C1-003-008-F01-CT.F Mexi

  20. 2012 International Conference on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering Thermal Economic Analysis on LiBr Refrigeration -Heat Pump System Applied in CCHP System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, CuiZhen; Yang, Mo; Lu, Mei; Zhu, Jiaxian; Xu, Wendong

    LiBr refrigeration cooling water contains a lot of low-temperature heat source, can use this part of the heat source heat boiler feed water. This paper introduced LiBr refrigeration - heat pump system which recovery heat of the LiBr refrigeration cooling water by heat pump system to heat the feed water of boiler. Hot economic analysis on the system has been performed based on the experimental data. Results show that LiBr refrigeration-heat pump system brings 26.6 percent decrease in primary energy rate consumption comparing with the combined heat and power production system(CHP) and separate generation of cold;

  1. Scattering of electrons from neon atoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasgupta, A.; Bhatia, A. K.

    1984-01-01

    Scattering of electrons from neon atoms is investigated by the polarized-orbital method. The perturbed orbitals calculated with use of the Sternheimer approximation lead to the polarizability 2.803 a(0)-cube in fairly good agreement with the experimental value 2.66 a(0)-cube. Phase shifts for various partial waves are calculated in the exchange, exchange-adiabatic, and polarized-orbital approximations. They are compared with the previous results. The calculated elastic differential, total, and momentum-transfer cross sections are compared with the experimental results. The polarized-orbital approximation yields results which show general improvement over the exchange-adiabatic approximation.

  2. The effect of chronic chromium exposure on the health of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farag, Aida M. [United States Geological Survey, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Jackson Field Research Station, P.O. Box 1089, Jackson, WY 83001 (United States)]. E-mail: aida_farag@usgs.gov; May, Thomas [United States Geological Survey, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Columbia, MO 65201 (United States); Marty, Gary D. [Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Cell Biology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, 1 Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616-8732 (United States); Easton, Michael [International EcoGen Inc., 2015 McLallen Court, North Vancouver, BC, Canada V7P 3H6 (Canada); Harper, David D. [United States Geological Survey, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Jackson Field Research Station, P.O. Box 1089, Jackson, WY 83001 (United States); Little, Edward E. [United States Geological Survey, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Columbia, MO 65201 (United States); Cleveland, Laverne [United States Geological Survey, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Columbia, MO 65201 (United States)

    2006-03-10

    This study was designed to determine fish health impairment of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) exposed to chromium. Juvenile Chinook salmon were exposed to aqueous chromium concentrations (0-266 {mu}g l{sup -1}) that have been documented in porewater from bottom sediments and in well waters near salmon spawning areas in the Columbia River in the northwestern United States. After Chinook salmon parr were exposed to 24 and 54 {mu}g Cr l{sup -1} for 105 days, neither growth nor survival of parr was affected. On day 105, concentrations were increased from 24 to 120 {mu}g Cr l{sup -1} and from 54 to 266 {mu}g Cr l{sup -1} until the end of the experiment on day 134. Weight of parr was decreased in the 24/120 {mu}g Cr l{sup -1} treatment, and survival was decreased in the 54/266 {mu}g Cr l{sup -1} treatment. Fish health was significantly impaired in both the 24/120 and 54/266 {mu}g Cr l{sup -1} treatments. The kidney is the target organ during chromium exposures through the water column. The kidneys of fish exposed to the greatest concentrations of chromium had gross and microscopic lesions (e.g. necrosis of cells lining kidney tububules) and products of lipid peroxidation were elevated. These changes were associated with elevated concentrations of chromium in the kidney, and reduced growth and survival. Also, variations in DNA in the blood were associated with pathological changes in the kidney and spleen. These changes suggest that chromium accumulates and enters the lipid peroxidation pathway where fatty acid damage and DNA damage (expressed as chromosome changes) occur to cause cell death and tissue damage. While most of the physiological malfunctions occurred following parr exposures to concentrations {>=}120 {mu}g Cr l{sup -1}, nuclear DNA damage followed exposures to 24 {mu}g Cr l{sup -1}, which was the smallest concentration tested. The abnormalities measured during this study are particularly important because they are associated with impaired growth

  3. Link between the laws of geometrical optics and the radiative transfer equation in media with a spatially varying refractive index

    CERN Document Server

    Tualle, Jean-Michel

    2007-01-01

    We proposed in a previous paper [Opt. Commun. 228, 33 (2003)] a modified radiative transfer equation to describe radiative transfer in a medium with a spatially varying refractive index. The present paper is devoted to the demonstration that this equation perfectly works in the non-absorbing / non-scattering limit, what was contested by L. Mart\\'i-L\\'opez and coworkers [Opt. Commun. 266, 44 (2006)]. The assertion that this equation would imply a zero divergence of the rays is also commented.

  4. Overweight and obesity among older adults on admission to hospital.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Lithander, F E

    2011-03-01

    Poor nutritional status, which includesboth under- a nd over-nutrition, i s associated w it h poor health outcomes. T his cross-sectional study assessed the nutritional status of older patients admitted to an acute geriatric ward of a Dublin hospital. Anthropometric and clinical measurements were made. Thirty patients, mean (sd) age 79 (7) y and body mass index 26.6 (4.7) kg\\/m2, participated. More patients were overweight (n = 12) or obese (n = 9) than underweight (n= 1) or healthy weight (n = 8) which indicates that this age-group may be part of the Irish obesity epidemic.

  5. Optimization of process configuration and strain selection for microalgae-based biodiesel production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Nan; Dieu, Linus Tao Jie; Harvey, Simon; Lee, Dong-Yup

    2015-10-01

    A mathematical model was developed for the design of microalgae-based biodiesel production system by systematically integrating all the production stages and strain properties. Through the hypothetical case study, the model suggested the most economical system configuration for the selected microalgae strains from the available processes at each stage, thus resulting in the cheapest biodiesel production cost, S$2.66/kg, which is still higher than the current diesel price (S$1.05/kg). Interestingly, the microalgae strain properties, such as lipid content, effective diameter and productivity, were found to be one of the major factors that significantly affect the production cost as well as system configuration.

  6. Measurement of the underground atmospheric muon charge ratio using the MINOS Near Detector

    OpenAIRE

    Adamson, P.; Andreopoulos, C.; Armstrong, R.; Auty, D. J.; Ayres, D. S.; Backhouse, C.; Barr, G.; Bishai, M.; Blake, A.; Block, G.J; Devenish, N. E.; Falk, E.; Hartnell, J.; Lefeuvre, G.; et al, ...

    2010-01-01

    The magnetized MINOS Near Detector, at a depth of 225 meters of water equivalent (mwe), is used to measure the atmospheric muon charge ratio. The ratio of observed positive to negative atmospheric muon rates, using 301 days of data, is measured to be 1.266+/-0.001(stat.)+0.015/-0.014(syst.). This measurement is consistent with previous results from other shallow underground detectors, and is 0.108+/-0.019(stat. + syst.) lower than the measurement at the functionally identical MINOS Far Detect...

  7. Statistical sulcal shape comparisons: application to the detection of genetic encoding of the central sulcus shape

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Le Goualher, G; Argenti, A.M.; Duyme, M;

    2000-01-01

    encoding. When applied to real data, this study highlighted genetic constraints on the shape of the central sulcus. We found from 10 pairs of monozygotic twins that the intrapair modal distance of the central sulcus was significantly smaller than the interpair modal distance, for both the left central...... sulcus (Z = -2.66; P sulcus (Z = -2.26; P sulcus shape were confirmed by applying the same experiment to 10 pairs of normal young individuals (Z = -1.39; Z = -0.63, i.e., values not significant at the P

  8. Preliminary design of 1 MW, Ku-band gyrotron traveling-wave amplifier

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chongqing JIAO

    2009-01-01

    The preliminary design results ofa 1-MW, Ku-band gyrotron traveling wave amplifier (gyro-TWA) are presented. Operating at the second cyclotron harmonic of the TE11 mode, the amplifier characterizes good stability even in the case of no distributed losses loaded, which could potentially allow it to be operated at high average power. Large signal simulation shows that the amplifier can generate a saturated peak power of about 1 MW with efficiency of 26.6%, gain of 31 dB, and 3-dB bandwidth of about 1 GHz when driven by a 100 kV, 40 A electron beam with 5% axial velocity spread.

  9. Service-Oriented Architecture for Patient-Centric eHealth Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Trinugroho, Yohanes Baptista Dafferianto

    2014-01-01

    The world is in shortage of about 7.2 million healthcare workers in 2013, and the figure is estimated to grow to 12.9 million by 2035, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). On the other hand, the median age of the world’s population was predicted to increase from 26.6 years in 2000 to 37.3 years in 2050, and then to 45.6 years in 2100. Thus further escalating the need for new and efficient healthcare solutions. Telehealth, telecare, and Ambient Assisted Living (A...

  10. Constraints on the Combined Models with $R^{2-q}$ Inflation and Viable $f(R)$ Dark Energy

    CERN Document Server

    Geng, Chao-Qiang; Lin, Shan

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the observational constraints on the modified gravity, which combines the $R^{2-q}$ inflation with the power-law and exponential types of the viable $f(R)$ dark energy models. We obtain the constraints on the deviation power $q$ as well as the parameters in $f(R)$ by using the CosmoMC package. The allowed ranges of the spectral index and tensor-to-scalar ratio from the Planck data are highly restricted, resulting in $q < 2.66 \\times 10^{-2}$ and $2.17 \\times 10^{-2}$ for the power-law and exponential types of $f(R)$ gravity, respectively.

  11. Femtosecond two-photon ionization of fluid NH3 at 9.3 eV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torres-Alacan Joel

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Liquid and supercritical ammonia (NH3 is photo-ionized at an energy of 9.3 eV with 100-fs duration pulses at a wavelength of 266 nm. The ionization involves two photons and generates fully solvated electrons via the conduction band of the solvent within the time resolution of the experiment. The dynamics of their ensuing geminate recombination is followed in real time with femtosecond near-infrared (IR probe pulses. The recombination mechanism can be understood as an ion-pair mediated reaction. The electron survival probability is found to be in quantitative agreement with the classical Onsager theory for the initial recombination of ions.

  12. 唐氏综合征及神经管缺陷产前筛查、诊断的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常乐; 王平

    2007-01-01

      唐氏综合征(Down's syndrome)又叫先天愚型,是人类最常见的染色体异常引起的疾病.据中国优生协会的推算,我国每年有2.66万个唐氏综合征患儿出生,新生儿中21-三体综合征的发病率为1.5‰左右[1].……

  13. Substrate dependent bonding distances of PTCDA - A comparative XSW study on Cu(111) and Ag(111)

    OpenAIRE

    Gerlach, A; Sellner, S.; Schreiber, F.; Koch, N; Zegenhagen, J.

    2006-01-01

    We study the adsorption geometry of 3,4,9,10-perylene-tetracarboxylic-dianhydride (PTCDA) on Ag(111) and Cu(111) using X-ray standing waves. The element-specific analysis shows that the carbon core of the molecule adsorbs in a planar configuration, whereas the oxygen atoms experience a non-trivial and substrate dependent distortion. On copper (silver) the carbon rings resides 2.66 A (2.86 A) above the substrate. In contrast to the conformation on Ag(111), where the carboxylic oxygen atoms are...

  14. Second-order optical nonlinearities in dilute melt proton exchange waveguides in z-cut LiNbO3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Veng, Torben Erik; Skettrup, Torben; Pedersen, Kjeld

    1996-01-01

    Planar optical waveguides with different refractive indices are made in z-cut LiNbO3 with a dilute proton exchange method using a system of glycerol containing KHSO4 and lithium benzoate. The optical second-order susceptibilities of these waveguides are measured by detecting the 266 nm reflected...... second-harmonic signal generated by a 532 nm beam directed onto the waveguide surface. It is found for this kind of waveguides that in the waveguide region all the second-order susceptibilities take values of at least 90% of the original LiNbO; values for refractive index changes less than similar to 0...

  15. Fusion protein gene nucleotide sequence similarities, shared antigenic sites and phylogenetic analysis suggest that phocid distemper virus 2 and canine distemper virus belong to the same virus entity.

    OpenAIRE

    Visser, Ilona; Heijden, Roger; van de Bildt, Marco; Kenter, Marcel; Örvell, C.; Osterhaus, Albert

    1993-01-01

    textabstractNucleotide sequencing of the fusion protein (F) gene of phocid distemper virus-2 (PDV-2), recently isolated from Baikal seals (Phoca sibirica), revealed an open reading frame (nucleotides 84 to 2075) with two potential in-frame ATG translation initiation codons. We suggest that the second in-frame ATG triplet at positions 264 to 266 initiates the translation, resulting in a protein of 537 amino acid residues with a calculated M(r) of 63,035. The putative F1/F2 cleavage site, locat...

  16. A single stage process for the preparation of cycotetramethylene tetranitrmine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. K. Acharya

    1964-10-01

    Full Text Available A single stage process for the preparation of cyclotetrmethlene tetranitramine (HMXhas been developed. The ingredients (i Hexamine in glacial acetic acid, (ii Ammonium nitrate in nitric acid and (iiiacetic anhydride were simultaneously added to glacial acetic acid medium maintained at 45-48 with stirring. The crude yield of the product per 100 gm. of hexamine used is 120 gm having the melting point 265-266C. Purified from acetone the substance melts at 272-275 and passes standard vacuum stability and impact sensitivity tests.

  17. Laser mass spectrometry for high sensitive and multi-com- ponent analysis of exhaust gas from vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Laser mass spectrometry is a newly developed method for pollutantdetection. It combines resonance-en- hanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) and time-of-flight mass spectro- metry (TOF-MS). It may detect pollutants with high sensitivity, high selectivity and in a multi-com- ponent way. In this note, laser mass spectrometry was used to detect the pollutants in exhaust gases from vehicles. With one-color REMPI (at 266 nm), several aromatic hydrocarbons, including benzene, toluene, xylene, C3-benzene, etc., were detected. These substances were selectively ionized by (1+1) REMPI and their mass resolution was detected by a TOF mass spectrometer. And a quantitative analysis was achieved.

  18. Four antibacterial monoterpenoid derivatives from the herba of Senecio Cannabifolius less

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu B

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Fractionation of a butanol extract of Senecio cannabifolius Less. led to the isolation of two novel monoterpenoid derivatives, named cannabiside D and cannabiside E, whose structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses as 1-(2-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-β-D- glucosyloxy-cyclohexylidene-butane-2, 3-dione, 6-Hydroxy-3-(3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl- but-1-enyl-2, 4,4-trimethyl-cyclohex-2-enone, along with two known glycosides. All the compounds had antibacterial activity, showing particularly potent activity against Staphylococcus aureus IFO 3060 and Bacillus subtilis .

  19. Strong energy dependence of the analyzing power in the pp->d reaction and the question of an isovector dibaryon resonance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertini, R.; Arvieux, J.; Boivin, M.; Durand, J.M.; Soga, F.; Descroix, E.; Grossiord, J.Y.; Guichard, A.; Pizzi, J.R.; Hennino, T.; Antonuk, L.

    1985-11-07

    The angular distribution of the analyzing power for the pp->d reaction have been measured at seven energies Tsub(p)=1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 2.0 and 2.3 GeV. The data show a strong energy dependence with a structure centered at ssub( d)=2.66 GeV. Possible interpretations are presented in the frame of the OPE model and involving the question of the excitation of dibaryon resonance. (orig.).

  20. Leche de altramuz

    OpenAIRE

    Dell'Oca, Nicolás

    2015-01-01

    RESUMEN La leche de Lupinus albus posee 280 mg de calcio y 2.66 gr de proteínas, comparándola con la leche de vaca presenta más del doble en calcio y casi la misma cantidad de proteínas. La siguiente investigación pretende estudiar el grado de aceptabilidad del flan elaborado con leche de Lupinus albus y de este modo poder ampliar el abanico de alimentos para las personas que presentan intolerancia a la lactosa. Objetivos: Determinar el perfil del consumo de leche y el gr...