WorldWideScience

Sample records for bob dobinson 1943-2004

  1. Bob Dobinson (1943-2004)

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Bob Dobinson died, very unexpectedly, in England on Thursday 19th February. Bob came to CERN as a NATO Fellow in April 1968, directly after gaining his PhD in London. He joined the CERN-Rome Group, carrying out experiments both at the CERN PS and at Serpukhov. He became a CERN fellow before being appointed as a Staff Member in 1971. His professional interests were always in the area of electronics, instrumentation, networking and computing at the "front-end" of experiments. In that context, mention must be made of his outstanding work in driving the CAMAC standard, and his later work on FASTBUS; of his leadership of the European Muon Collaboration's online team and of his support, as a user, for standard PDP-11 data acquisition software; of his interest in Ethernet at all times from its very initial use to inter-connect computers to his latest work with the Gigabit and 10 Gigabit versions as the basis for data transmission within experiments. Bob lived life the way he wanted to, and wit...

  2. Bob Dobinson (1943-2004)

    CERN Multimedia

    Bee, C; Mapelli, L; Wickens, F. J

    It was a great shock to the many friends and colleagues of Bob Dobinson to hear of his sudden and unexpected death in England on Thursday 19th February. Bob came to CERN in April 1968 and his professional interests were always in the area of electronics, instrumentation, networking and computing at the "front-end" of experiments. These interests included Ethernet, right from its very initial use to interconnect computers to his latest work with the Gigabit and 10 Gigabit versions as the basis for data transmission for experiments, both in the DAQ and between computing centres. Bob lived life the way he wanted to, and with great energy. He drove himself hard and generated enthusiasm amongst his collaborators to do the same. Always willing to learn from first principles about topics that interested him, he persisted with questions until he had obtained a full understanding. He was a first-class teacher, and he held positions as Visiting Professor at the Universities of Liverpool and London. He was also an exc...

  3. A Memorial Gathering

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Bob Dobinson (1943-2004) Bob's friends and colleagues are warmly invited to join in a memorial gathering on Thursday 15th April 2004 at 11:00 hours in the CERN Council Chamber/ Salle de Conseil (Bldg 503 1st floor) Some colleagues will pay tribute to Bob's lifetime achievements and his contributions to past and present experiments. The gathering will conclude with refreshments in the Salle des Pas Perdus.

  4. Bob's meltdown.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Nicholas G

    2002-01-01

    Annette Innella is just coming into the lunchroom at Concord Machines when Bob Dunn starts screaming at her. After throwing his lunch tray against the wall, he stomps out, leaving Annette stunned. Naturally, Annette, the new senior VP for knowledge management, is beside herself. She knows her proposal to establish a cross-functional knowledge management committee is progressive thinking for this oldline manufacturer, but Bob's reaction is totally over the line. If Bob stays, she goes--that's all there is to it. Bob is contrite, but he's under a lot of pressure. The general manager of the Services Group, he's just returned from a two-week trip around the globe to gear up his troops to beat revenue targets again, despite shrinking budgets and hiring freezes. And what does he see when he gets back? An e-mail from Annette requesting that two of his best people devote half their time to what he calls her "idiotic" Knowledge Protocols Group. He's carrying the company on his back, and she's throwing this nonsense at him. Graphics specialist Paula Chancellor is surprised. Sure, Bob's gruff, but his staff loves him, and he's the only one of the big shots who ever talks to her. But HR director Nathan Singer is incensed; Bob's never been a team player, Singer complains, and it's time he learned a lesson. CEO Jay Nguyen is in a bind. Bob is his top manager; he brings in all the money. And even though future revenues are going to have to come from somewhere else, Jay is not totally behind Annette's initiative in the current business climate. He can't afford to lose Bob. But if he reins in Annette, it will look like he's condoning Bob's outburst. What should he do? Four commentators offer advice in this fictional case study.

  5. Uudised: dokumentaalfilm Bob Dylanist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Viinis 14.-26. oktoobril toimuvast filmifestivalist, mille avafilmiks on Woody Alleni "Match Point". Ka Martin Scorsese portreefilm kultusmuusikust "No Direction Home: Bob Dylan" ning eriprogrammist, milleks on sel aastal Andy Warholi retrospektiiv

  6. Keith Negus, Bob Dylan

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    When, during a performance in 1964, Bob Dylan was recorded referring to a “Bob Dylan mask”, he provided a perfect soundbite for later critics keen to highlight the artist’s seemingly deliberate manipulation of his audience’s expectations. Keith Negus’s short, lucid analysis of Dylan as popular music icon opens with a discussion of the mask quip, the importance granted to it by previous Dylan commentators and the usefulness of biographical information in explaining the work of public figures. ...

  7. Tangled Up in Bob

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FRANCISCO; LITTLE

    2011-01-01

    How does it feel,to be sitting at a Bob Dylan concert in Beijing?I had to keep asking myself that question when the living legend sauntered on to the stage at the Beijing Worker’s Gymnasium.The troubadour who blew in the wind like the pied piper all those years ago and has managed to roll through

  8. Bob Dylan and religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Häger

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article, which is located within the field of research on religion and popular culture, is a discussion of the relations of one particular rock artist, Bob Dylan, to religion. Religion can be seen as a recurring topic in Dylan’s work—particularly during a period at the end of the 1970s and beginning of the 1980s, often referred to as his ‘Christian era’—and also in the discourses around him. This article explores how the topic of religion appears in discourses around Bob Dylan. In this article one particular aspect of the connection between religion and popular culture is looked at: the construction of certain artists or stars as religious figures, and more specifically Bob Dylan as a case. The author does not try to discover whether Dylan is religious or not; or which religion he possibly adheres to. Rather, the author looks at how rock artists and in this case Bob Dylan are ‘constructed’ as religious figures.

  9. Bob miller's math for the GMAT

    CERN Document Server

    Miller, Bob

    2012-01-01

    Maximize Your GMAT Math Score with Bob Miller! REA's updated second edition of Bob Miller's Math for the GMAT is a must for anyone taking the GMAT. Bob Miller has taught math to thousands of students at all educational levels for 30 years. His proven teaching methods will help you master the math section of the GMAT and boost your score! Written in a lively and unique format, Bob Miller's Math for the GMAT prepares GMAT-takers with everything they need to know. Unlike some dull test preps that merely present the material, Bob actually teaches and explains math concepts and ideas. His no-no

  10. RME的三款BOB-16

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    RME新推出三款不同的BOB-16外接盒式多通道XLR接口与D-sub接口相互连接的高端解决方案。三个不同的版本可供选择:BOB-16I,BOB-16O and BOB-16I/O。BOB-16连接最多16个XLR接口,输入和/或输出(Neutrik接顶)以及2个25针D-sub接口,功能基本与外接辫子连线相同。BOB-16将所有的16个

  11. 76 FR 7589 - Bob Evans Farms, Inc., an Ohio Corporation, a Subsidiary of Bob Evans Farms, Inc., a Delaware...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-10

    ... Employment and Training Administration Bob Evans Farms, Inc., an Ohio Corporation, a Subsidiary of Bob Evans... Assistance (TAA), applicable to workers and former workers of Bob Evans Farms, Inc., an Ohio Corporation, a subsidiary of Bob Evans Farms, Inc., a Delaware Corporation, Galva, Illinois. The negative determination...

  12. Pista de bobs Innsbruck - Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmidt, W.

    1975-12-01

    Full Text Available The new artificial bob sleigh ice track was constructed on the occasion of the XII Winter Olympics. It is 1330 m long and consists of: straight stretches, right and left turn curves, supporting zones and a circular element with a 267° opening angle. The average slope between the starting point and the goal is 18%. The section of the dike consists of a 1.45 m wide horizontal part and 0.55 m high flanges except in the curves where the flange extends into a circular security arch which serves as a retaining element. For the construction the track was subdivided into 4 m long sections, each one with its own foundation. On this foundation were placed the prefabricated supporting ribs which sustain steel laths, graders of the profile in each section. The cooling pipes were placed hanging down from the ribs by way of distance plates. The complex forms a rigid unit by means of Design Mix. The track is further completed by; he cabins at the starting point and the goal; the power plant for the technical installations; access roads to the starting points for the competing bob-sleighs; roads for transportation of equipment material.La nueva pista de hielo artificial, construida con motivo de la celebración de los XII Juegos Olímpicos de Invierno, tiene 1.330 m de longitud y está formada por: tramos rectos, curvas a derecha e izquierda, zonas de apoyo y un elemento circular con un ángulo de apertura de 267º. La diferencia de altura entre la salida y la llegada es de 97 m, siendo la pendiente media del 18%. El perfil de la pista se halla constituido por una parte horizontal de 1,45 m de anchura y laterales de 0,55 m de alto, excepto en las curvas, en donde el latera! correspondiente se prolonga en un arco circular de seguridad y en elementos de retención. Para la construcción se subdividió el recorrido en secciones de 4 m, que cuentan con su propia cimentación. Sobre ésta se colocaron las nervaduras de apoyo, prefabricadas, que reciben a

  13. IDA 'Galileo Award' presented to Bob Mizon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, R.

    2006-12-01

    The Galileo Award is given once per year by the European Region of the International Dark-Sky Association (IDA) for outstanding achievements in combating light pollution in Europe. I am pleased to report that the 2006 award has been made to our very own Bob Mizon, Coordinator of the BAA Campaign for Dark Skies (CfDS). As most of you will know, the CfDS was set up by concerned members of the BAA in 1989 to counter the ever-growing tide of skyglow which has tainted the night sky over Britain since the 1950s, and to address the related problems of light trespass and energy wastage. Bob has been doing an outstanding job as Coordinator of the CfDS for many years and so it was a real pleasure for me not only to attend the 6th European Dark-Skies Symposium in Portsmouth (of which Bob was one of the organisers) but also to be present when Bob received his much-deserved award from Bob Gent, Vice-President of the Board of Directors of the IDA.

  14. Gender roles for Alice and Bob

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Philip

    2013-04-01

    As the head of a department that is striving to achieve bronze status under the Athena SWAN (Scientific Women's Academic Network) programme, I have become extremely sensitive to gender stereotyping, and I am afraid that the "Alice and Bob" image on the cover of your March issue on quantum frontiers set off some alarm bells.

  15. Bob Geldof kutsub üles heategevusele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Heategevusliku kontserdi "Live8" korraldamise eest sai Saksa muusikaauhinna Echo eripreemia iiri laulja Bob Geldof, Echo parima meeslaulja auhinna sai Robbie Williams, parima naisartisti preemia Madonna, bändi parima auhinna briti ansambel Coldplay, parima DVD auhinna austraalia bänd AC/DC albumi "Family Jewels" eest, parimaks uustulnukaks tunnistati saksa noortebänd Tokyo Hotel

  16. STS-98 Crew Interview: Bob Curbeam

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    The STS-98 Mission Specialist Bob Curbeam is seen being interviewed. He answers questions about his inspiration to become an astronaut, his career path, and his training. He gives details on the mission's goals and significance, and the payload and hardware it brings to the International Space Station (ISS). Mr. Curbeam discusses his role in the mission's spacewalks and activities.

  17. Robert (Bob) L. Helmreich (1937-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelm, John; Domjan, Michael

    2013-09-01

    Presents an obituary for Robert (Bob) L. Helmreich (1937-2012). Helmreich was born April 29, 1937, in Kansas City, Missouri, the only son of Ralph and Caroline Helmreich. Bob received his undergraduate degree from Yale University in 1959. He immediately enlisted in the U.S. Navy, where he served for four years. Upon his retirement from the service he was executive officer of the USS Decatur (DD-936). Perhaps it was his service in the Navy that sparked his lifelong professional interest in how people work together in teams to accomplish technically precise goals. He returned to Yale University to obtain a doctor of philosophy degree in social psychology under Barry Collins. Bob joined the faculty at The University of Texas at Austin as an assistant professor in 1966 and remained on the faculty in the Department of Psychology until his retirement in 2007, 41 years later. During the course of his career, Helmreich published more than 200 research articles and monographs. Most of his publications dealt with issues related to airline and medical safety, and much of this work was done in collaboration with graduate students and colleagues. In recognition of his extensive contributions to improving crew performance, in 2005 Helmreich received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Flight Safety Foundation. Helmreich also received the Franklin V. Taylor Award for Outstanding Contributions in the Field of Applied Experimental/Engineering Psychology from the American Psychological Association (APA), the Pro Bene Meritus A ward from The University of Texas (for his commitment to the liberal arts), and the David S. Sheridan Award from Albany Medical College.

  18. Neutron bound beta-decay: BOB

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McAndrew, Josephine, E-mail: j.mcandrew@tum.de; Paul, Stephan; Emmerich, Ralf [TUM, Physik-Department (Germany); Engels, Ralf [Forschungszentrum Juelich, Institut Fuer Kernphysik (Germany); Fierlinger, Peter [TUM, Excellence Cluster Universe (Germany); Gabriel, Mirko; Gutsmiedl, Erwin; Mellenthin, Johannes; Schoen, Johannes; Schott, Wolfgang; Ulrich, Andreas; Grueenauer, Florian [TUM, Physik-Department (Germany); Roehrmoser, Anton [FRMII (Germany)

    2012-05-15

    An experiment to observe the bound beta-decay (BOB) of the free neutron into a hydrogen atom and an electron anti-neutrino is described. The hyperfine spin state population of the monoenergetic hydrogen atom yields the neutrino left-handedness or possible right-handed admixture as well as possible small scalar and tensor contributions to the weak force. The BOB H(2s) hyperfine states can be separated with a Lamb-Shift Spin Filter. These monoenergetic H(2s) atoms are ionised into H{sup -} by charge exchanging within an argon cell. These ions are then separated using an adaptation of a MAC-E Filter. A first experiment is proposed at the FRMII high thermal-neutron flux beam reactor SR6 through-going beam tube, where we will seek to observe this rare neutron decay-mode for the first time and determine the branching ratio. After successful completion, the hyperfine spin state population will be determined, possibly at the ILL high-flux beam reactor through-going beam tube H6-H7, where the thermal neutron flux is a factor of four larger.

  19. Kus ta siis ometi on - see Bob Dylan? / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Todd Haynes'i mängufilm muusik Bob Dylanist "Kus on Bob Dylan?" ("I'm Not There") : laulja alter ego kehastavad Ben Whishaw, Christian Bale, Heath Ledger, Cate Blanchett, Richard Gere, Marcus Carl Franklin : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. 4. juunil Saku Suurhallis toimuvast kontserdist. Jaak Johanson, Tõnis Mägi, Riho Sibul, Hannes Varblane ameerika lauljast

  20. La Bob Jones University : hier et aujourd’hui Bob Jones University : Past and Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mokhtar Ben Barka

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the separatist beliefs and practices at Bob Jones University. Firstly, it shows that despite the recent changes, this institution still represents the old face of fundamentalist higher education. Secondly, this essay focuses on the controversy around Republican candidate George W. Bush’s appearance at Bob Jones University.

  1. Obituary: Janet Akyüz Mattei, 1943-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Thomas R.; Willson, Lee Anne

    2004-12-01

    As director of the American Association of Variable Star Observers for thirty years, Janet Mattei led the organization through a series of major improvements and in the process, helped and influenced amateur and professional astronomers around the world. Having successfully tackled many challenges, however, Janet lost her battle with acute myelogenous leukemia on 22 March 2004. One of five children of Bella and Baruk Akyüz, Janet was born on 2 January 1943 in Bodrum, Turkey and received her pre-collegiate education there. She attended Brandeis University from 1962 until 1965 on a full Wein Scholarship, earning a BA in General Science. After eighteen months of supervising a cardiopulmonary laboratory, in 1967 she returned to Turkey to teach physics and mathematics in a high school, and then entered graduate school at Turkey's Ege University. Janet learned of the summer scholarships available at the Maria Mitchell Observatory on Nantucket, and applied to observatory director Dorrit Hoffleit for the opportunity to come back to the United States and learn about variable stars. That summer (1969) she learned to love variable stars, became acquainted with the AAVSO, and met her future husband, Michael Mattei. In 1970, after she earned her master's degree in astronomy at Ege University, Janet entered the University of Virginia where she earned a second master's degree in 1972 with a thesis on T Tauri stars. After receiving her degree in Virginia, Janet married Mike Mattei and became an assistant to Margaret Mayall at AAVSO headquarters. When Mayall decided to retire in 1973, the AAVSO Council asked Janet to assume the helm as director of the association. With such a sudden advance in her responsibilities, Janet had to rapidly learn the management side of running the organization as well as keep up with the day-to-day scientific activities - responding to requests for data, recording observations as pencil-points on paper charts, and predicting future maxima of long period variables. She accelerated a ten-year project to digitize all of AAVSO's archived as well as current data, without which a century of AAVSO observations would now be nearly inaccessible. In the mid-1970s professional interest in the cataclysmic variables began to ramp up. When she received the first requests for an AAVSO visual observing campaign coordinated with observations by orbiting observatories as well as large ground based telescopes, Janet accepted the invitation as both an opportunity and a challenge. AAVSO observers responded marvelously and, coupled with Janet's astute forecasting of when cataclysmic variables were likely to brighten again, the program emerged as one of the major technical successes of her tenure. Many AAVSO members will never forget their excitement when France Córdova came to our Fall meeting in 1978 to announce to the astronomical world that X-rays from SS Cyg had been detected by HEAO-1 on the first occasion after the satellite reached orbit when AAVSO observers reported that the star was brightening to a maximum. It was a moment of tremendous pride for everyone, most of all for Janet. It was a success that was repeated frequently in over six hundred subsequent coordinated observing runs with various satellites. This success greatly increased the impact of AAVSO on current astronomical research, enhanced its reputation, and also provided a more immediate thrill for the observers than the ongoing commitment to monitor slowly varying stars. The late 1970s and early 1980s were a period of substantial inflation in our nation's economy. Furthermore, staff turnover slowed progress with the data processing work, while observations coming to AAVSO from international variable star organizations and independent observers, especially from behind the iron curtain, were increasing rapidly. Faced with rising costs at the same time additional staff was needed to pursue the data processing problems, Janet reacted characteristically: she began taking night courses in management, data processing, fund raising, and other topics that could help her handle the AAVSO work load more efficiently. Nor was her formal education in astronomy quite complete, for during that difficult period she completed writing her dissertation and earned a PhD in astronomy from Ege University in 1982. AAVSO's headquarters on Concord Avenue was increasingly crowded and also insecure, as the historical data were stored in a building that was vulnerable to fire. In August 1985 long-term AAVSO secretary and benefactor Clinton Banker Ford (BAAS, 1994:1602) solved these problems by donating a new headquarters building at 25 Birch Street in Cambridge. Janet managed the move into the AAVSO's present facilities masterfully, and then led planning for a dedication of the building combined with a celebration of the AAVSO's seventy-fifth anniversary. It is a measure of Janet's growth in stature in the professional community that Ricardo Giacconi, then director of the Space Telescope Science Institute, was the keynote speaker for the celebration and it was attended by the leaders of variable star organizations from a number of countries. The meeting marked a major turning point in the affairs of AAVSO as well as in Janet's own outlook. Substantially more confident in her abilities as a manager and leader of the organization, Janet never looked back. Janet's international contacts, through her active participation in the International Astronomical Union (IAU), led her to participate in 1987 as one of the organizers of an IAU colloquium in Paris on the contribution of amateurs to astronomy, the first of her many later involvements in the field of professional-amateur (Pro-Am) cooperation. During that meeting, the Sociétié Astronomique de France (SAF) honored Janet with their Centennial Award for her leadership in variable star astronomy and within the AAVSO. She received an invitation from the Vereniging voor Sterrenkunde, the variable star observers in Belgium for AAVSO to hold its first European meeting in Brussels in July 1990. The meeting proved a huge success, and was followed in 1997 by a second AAVSO European meeting in Sion, Switzerland and a Pan-Pacific meeting in 2003 in Hawaii. Through Janet's leadership, AAVSO reached out to the observers who were already supporting the association with their observations. One of Janet's strong interests was in education. Using a grant from the National Science Foundation, she led efforts to create Hands-On Astrophysics (HOA) based largely on variable stars and AAVSO data. Though it took several years to develop, HOA became the basis for a number of popular teacher workshops and is sure to lead many high school students into careers in science. Janet also helped many future professionals in astronomy, including Karen Meech and Peter Garnavich, and a few in other areas, by providing opportunities for them to work at headquarters during their studies or during an intermission in their formal schooling. Janet was active in, and honored by, other professional and amateur organizations. A member of the American Astronomical Society (AAS), she received the AAS's George van Biesbroeck award in 1993, served on the AAS Annenberg Award Committee (1994-1997) and served as the first chair of the AAS Professional Amateur Cooperation Committee. Also in 1993, the Astronomical League with their Leslie Peltier Award honored Janet for her leadership of the AAVSO and contributions to variable star astronomy. Janet was elected a director of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP) and served six years in that capacity (1994-2000), co-chairing at least one Pro-Am workshop with the ASP. She was a member of three IAU Commissions over her thirty-five years of membership in that organization. In 1995, Janet was honored by the award of the Royal Astronomical Society's Jackson-Gwilt Medal and was the first recipient of the Giovanni Battista Lacchini Award for collaboration with amateur astronomers from Unione Astrofili Italiana. To honor her professional achievements, an asteroid was named for her (11695 Mattei). She always felt that these awards honored not just of her own work, but also the contributions of the members and observers who make up the AAVSO community. Janet Mattei left a very different AAVSO than the one she took over in 1973. From 150,000 observations arriving annually and being handled on paper, now 500,000 arrive each year and are mostly processed and posted automatically. The association has a substantial endowment and owns its headquarters building in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The historical archive has been put into usable form, following two multi-year investments in digitization and validation. The activities of the AAVSO have been extended to include notifying space and ground observatories that particular objects are erupting and to capturing short-lived gamma ray burst afterglows. The organization's ties to those with similar missions around the world have been strengthened and, increasingly, the AAVSO's International Variable Star Database incorporates their data. Janet's final illness was followed, through email bulletins, by hundreds of her friends and colleagues around the world. Characteristically, during a remission-and-recovery time between treatments, Janet reached out by phone and email to many of her AAVSO associates and friends, and resumed her habit of sending appropriate cards for special occasions. The more than 200 email "memoriam" notes posted on the AAVSO web site after her death show that all who knew her, even if only briefly, considered her a friend, a mentor, or a fine example of a scientist and leader.

  2. US Senator Bob Graham tours the SSPF with Jon Cowart

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    United States Senator Bob Graham of Florida visits the Space Station Processing Facility at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and is briefed on hardware processing for the International Space Station by Jon Cowart, Flight 2A Manager, NASA Space Station Hardware Integration Office. In the foreground, from left to right, are Howard DeCastro, Program Manager for the Space Flight Operations Contract, United Space Alliance; Senator Bob Graham; and Jon Cowart.

  3. Function of head-bobbing behavior in diving little grebes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunji, Megu; Fujita, Masaki; Higuchi, Hiroyoshi

    2013-08-01

    Most birds show a characteristic head movement that consists of head stabilization and quick displacement. In this movement, which is analogous to saccadic eye movement in mammals, head stabilization plays an important role in stabilizing the retinal image. This head movement, called "head bobbing", is particularly pronounced during walking. Previous studies focusing on anatomical and behavioral features have pointed out that visual information is also important for diving birds, indicating its significance in the head movements of diving birds. In the present study, the kinematic and behavioral features of head bobbing in diving little grebes were described by motion analysis to identify the head movement in diving birds. The results showed that head-bobbing stroke (HBS) consisted of a thrust phase and a hold phase as is typical for head bobbing during walking birds. This suggests that HBS is related to visual stabilization under water. In HBS, grebes tended to dive with longer stroke length and smaller stroke frequency than in non-bobbing stroke. This suggests that the behavior, which is related to vision, affects the kinematic stroke parameters. This clarification of underwater head movement will help in our understanding not only of vision, but also of the kinematic strategy of diving birds.

  4. The B Fields in OB Stars (BOB) Survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kholtygin, A.F.; Castro, N.; Fossati, L.; Hubrig, S.; Langer, N.; Morel, T.; Przybilla, N.; Schöller, M.; Carroll, T.; Ilyin, I.; Irrgang, A.; Oskinova, L.; Schneider, F.R.N.; Simon Díaz, S.; Briquet, M.; González, J.F.; Kharchenko, N.; Nieva, M.-F.; Scholz, R.-D.; de Koter, A.; Hamann, W.-R.; Herrero, A.; Maíz Apellániz, J.; Sana, H.; Arlt, R.; Barbá, R.; Dufton, P.; Mathys, G.; Piskunov, A.; Reisenegger, A.; Spruit, H.; Yoon, S. -C

    2015-01-01

    The B fields in OB stars (BOB) survey is an ESO large program collecting spectropolarimetric observations for a large number of early-type stars in order to study the occurrence rate, properties, and ultimately the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars. As of July 2014, a total of 98 objects we

  5. The B Fields in OB Stars (BOB) Survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morel, T.; Castro, N.; Fossati, L.; Hubrig, S.; Langer, N.; Przybilla, N.; Schöller, M.; Carroll, T.; Ilyin, I.; Irrgang, A.; Oskinova, L.; Schneider, F.R.N.; Simon Díaz, S.; Briquet, M.; González, J.F.; Kharchenko, N.; Nieva, M.-F.; Scholz, R.-D.; de Koter, A.; Hamann, W.-R.; Herrero, A.; Maíz Apellániz, J.; Sana, H.; Arlt, R.; Barbá, R.; Dufton, P.; Kholtygin, A.; Mathys, G.; Piskunov, A.; Reisenegger, A.; Spruit, H.; Yoon, S. -C

    2015-01-01

    The B fields in OB stars (BOB) survey is an ESO large programme collecting spectropolarimetric observations for a large number of early-type stars in order to study the occurrence rate, properties, and ultimately the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars. As of July 2014, a total of 98 objects

  6. Public lecture | "Science and society" by Bob Jones | 22 May

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Public lecture: "Science and society: the impact of computing at CERN on society" by Bob Jones 22 May at 7.30 p.m. Globe of Science and Innovation Lecture in English, translated in French. Entrance free. Limited number of seats. Reservation essential: +41 22 767 76 76 or cern.reception@cern.ch

  7. Life in the Pinball Machine: Looking Back with Bob Mager

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Ray

    2005-01-01

    At 81 years old, Robert F. (Bob) Mager is the granddaddy of modern performance analysis and instructional design techniques. Although he has retired from the profession, he is still actively learning. He is currently working on his fourth novel, and is also an award-winning ventriloquist and is taking flamenco lessons. Perhaps best known in the…

  8. Writing in the Margins: An Interview with Bob Davis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke, Kirsten

    2017-01-01

    Bob Davis is Editor of the "Journal of Philosophy of Education" and is Head of School and Professor of Religious and Cultural Education in the School of Education Administration at the University of Glasgow. In this interview Davis provides his insight on topics such as the role of learned societies in philosophy of education,…

  9. Essay: Bob Siemann-SLC Days at SLAC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raubenheimer, Tor O.; /SLAC

    2011-11-14

    Bob Siemann was a great experimentalist and an excellent teacher.We will greatly miss him. Bob came to SLAC in early 1991 to work on the Stanford Linear Collider (SLC). The SLC was a challenging accelerator which began operating in the late 1980's but still had numerous obstacles to be overcome years into operation. One of the compounding difficulties was making reproducible measurements, since the stability of the collider was poor and the diagnostics were insufficient. Bob dove into this challenge and helped design experiments and diagnostics that provided further clarity. I first got to know Bob while I was still a graduate student, trying to finish my thesis and performing some experimental studies on the SLC, which, at the time, was proving to be very difficult. Most of my expertise had been in beam theory and simulation. Dealing with the real issues of the accelerator was challenging. Bob helped me understand the difference between systematic and statistical errors, and separate operational issues from the fundamental physics. His way of teaching was not to provide an explanation but to ask enough questions so that I could find the answer on my own - this was the best way to learn. I later asked Bob to be a reader on my thesis. As in all things, he took this role extremely seriously. He read through the draft and marked every page to the point where I was regretting my decision. However, his questions again helped me understand my own work better and greatly improved my thesis. Bob was also the de facto leader of an effort focused on the damping rings and the bunch compressors. He was great to work with. He made people think for themselves and refused to simply provide answers. He also worked hard himself, expressing real interest and curiosity. After the studies of the SLC damping rings identified a sawtooth instability due to the vacuum chamber impedance as a source of many downstream fluctuations, Bob took charge of upgrading the rings. As part of

  10. A C-terminal acidic domain regulates degradation of the transcriptional coactivator Bob1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindner, John M; Wong, Christina S F; Möller, Andreas; Nielsen, Peter J

    2013-12-01

    Bob1 (Obf-1 or OCA-B) is a 34-kDa transcriptional coactivator encoded by the Pou2af1 gene that is essential for normal B-cell development and immune responses in mice. During lymphocyte activation, Bob1 protein levels dramatically increase independently of mRNA levels, suggesting that the stability of Bob1 is regulated. We used a fluorescent protein-based reporter system to analyze protein stability in response to genetic and physiological perturbations and show that, while Bob1 degradation is proteasome mediated, it does not require ubiquitination of Bob1. Furthermore, degradation of Bob1 in B cells appears to be largely independent of the E3 ubiquitin ligase Siah. We propose a novel mechanism of Bob1 turnover in B cells, whereby an acidic region in the C terminus of Bob1 regulates the activity of degron signals elsewhere in the protein. Changes that make the C terminus more acidic, including tyrosine phosphorylation-mimetic mutations, stabilize the instable murine Bob1 protein, indicating that B cells may regulate Bob1 stability and activity via signaling pathways. Finally, we show that expressing a stable Bob1 mutant in B cells suppresses cell proliferation and induces changes in surface marker expression commonly seen during B-cell differentiation.

  11. Partial reversion at the bobbed locus of Drosophila melanogaster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terracol, R; Iturbide, Y; Prud'Homme, N

    1990-01-01

    In Drosophila melanogaster the tandemly arranged repetitive sequences coding for 18S and 28S rRNA are heterogenous at the level of the spacers between units and insertions that interrupt many 28S rRNA genes. This heterogeneity contrasts with the homogeneity of the regions transcribed into 18S and 28S rRNA. Homogenization and evolution of repetitive genes are usually explained by conversion, amplification events or unequal crossovers. In this paper we studied the change in rDNA patterns associated with partial reversion of bobbed mutations. In most cases, no increase in rDNA gene number, but a new repartition of gene types were found.

  12. Alice and Bob: Reconciling Formal Models and Implementation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Almousa, Omar; Mödersheim, Sebastian Alexander; Viganò, Luca

    2015-01-01

    This paper defines the “ultimate” formal semantics for Alice and Bob notation, i.e., what actions the honest agents have to perform, in the presence of an arbitrary set of cryptographic operators and their algebraic theory. Despite its generality, this semantics is mathematically simpler than any...... previous attempt. For practical applicability, we introduce the language SPS and an automatic translation to robust real-world implementations and corresponding formal models, and we prove this translation correct with respect to the semantics....

  13. 人物·Bob Rivet & Emilio Ghilardi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    1O月25日,AMD宣布扩大主要领导班子队伍。原执行副总裁兼首席财务官Bob Rivet被任命为首席运营采行政官。同时,从2009年年初开始,公司高级副总裁兼欧洲、中东和非洲(EMEA)销售总经理Emilio Ghilard将担任首席销售官一职。

  14. Fotograaf Bob Sacha näitab vaatajale maailma uue pilgu läbi / Bob Sacha ; interv. Märten Kross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sacha, Bob

    2004-01-01

    Eesti Loova Foto Keskuse pilootprojektina korraldatud National Geographicu fotograafi Bob Sacha seminar toimus Von Krahli teatris. Fotokeskuse asutaja intervjuu Poola päritolu fotoajakirjanikuga tema tööst ja Eesti-muljetest

  15. Kuus näitlejat, üks Bob Dylan / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2008-01-01

    Todd Haynes'i mängufilm muusik Bob Dylanist "Kus on Bob Dylan?" ("I'm Not There") : laulja alter ego kehastavad Ben Whishaw, Christian Bale, Heath Ledger, Cate Blanchett, Richard Gere, Marcus Carl Franklin : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007

  16. 78 FR 64048 - Noise Exposure Map Notice for Bob Hope Airport, Burbank, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Noise Exposure Map Notice for Bob Hope Airport, Burbank, California AGENCY... that the noise exposure maps submitted by Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority, for Bob Hope Airport under the provisions of 49 U.S.C. 47501 et. seq (Aviation Safety ] and Noise Abatement Act) and...

  17. BOB.1/OBF.1 controls the balance of TH1 and TH2 immune responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, Cornelia; Sindrilaru, Anca; Girkontaite, Irute; Fischer, Klaus-Dieter; Sunderkötter, Cord; Wirth, Thomas

    2007-07-11

    BOB.1/OBF.1 is a transcriptional coactivator essential at several stages of B-cell development. In T cells, BOB.1/OBF.1 expression is inducible by co-stimulation. However, a defined role of BOB.1/OBF.1 for T-cell function had not been discovered so far. Here, we show that BOB.1/OBF.1 is critical for T helper cell function. BOB.1/OBF.1(-/-) mice showed imbalanced immune responses, resulting in increased susceptibility to Leishmania major infection. Functional analyses revealed specific defects in TH1 and TH2 cells. Whereas expression levels of TH1 cytokines were reduced, the secretion of TH2 cytokines was increased. BOB.1/OBF.1 directly contributes to the IFNgamma and IL2 promoter activities. In contrast, increased TH2 cytokine production is controlled indirectly, probably via the transcription factor PU.1, the expression of which is regulated by BOB.1/OBF.1. Thus, BOB.1/OBF.1 regulates the balance of TH1 versus TH2 mediated immunity.

  18. Btk expression is controlled by Oct and BOB.1/OBF.1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, Cornelia; Wirth, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    BOB.1/OBF.1 is a lymphocyte-restricted transcriptional coactivator. It binds together with the Oct1 and Oct2 transcription factors to DNA and enhances their transactivation potential. Mice deficient for the transcriptional coactivator BOB.1/OBF.1 show several defects in differentiation, function and signaling of B cells. In search of BOB.1/OBF.1 regulated genes we identified Btk--a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase-as a direct target of BOB.1/OBF.1. Analyses of the human as well as murine Btk promoters revealed a non-consensus octamer site close to the start site of transcription. Here we show that Oct proteins together with BOB.1/OBF.1 are able to form ternary complexes on these sites in vitro and in vivo. This in turn leads to the induction of Btk promoter activity in synergism with the transcription factor PU.1. Btk, like BOB.1/OBF.1, plays a critical role in B cell development and B cell receptor signalling. Therefore the down-regulation of Btk expression in BOB.1/OBF.1-deficient B cells could be related to the functional and developmental defects observed in BOB.1/OBF.1-deficient mice.

  19. Orphan receptor GPR15/BOB is up-regulated in rheumatoid arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartwright, Alison; Schmutz, Caroline; Askari, Ayman; Kuiper, Jan-Herman; Middleton, Jim

    2014-06-01

    Chemokine receptors on leukocytes mediate the recruitment and accumulation of these cells within affected joints in chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Identification of involved receptors offers potential for development of therapeutic interventions. The objective of this study was to investigate the expression of orphan receptor GPR15/BOB in the synovium of RA and non-RA patients and in peripheral blood of RA patients and healthy donors. GPR15/BOB protein and messenger RNA expression were examined in RA and non-RA synovium by immunofluorescence and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) respectively. GPR15/BOB expression on peripheral blood leukocytes was analysed by flow cytometry and GPR15/BOB messenger RNA was examined in peripheral blood monocytes by RT-PCR. GPR15/BOB protein was observed in CD68+ and CD14+ macrophages in synovia, with greater expression in RA synovia. GPR15/BOB protein was expressed in all patient synovia whereas in non-RA synovia expression was low or absent. Similarly GPR15/BOB messenger RNA was detected in all RA and a minority of non-RA synovia. GPR15/BOB protein was expressed on peripheral blood leukocytes from RA and healthy individuals with increased expression by monocytes and neutrophils in RA. GPR15/BOB messenger RNA expression was confirmed in peripheral blood monocytes. In conclusion GPR15/BOB is expressed by macrophages in synovial tissue and on monocytes and neutrophils in peripheral blood, and expression is up-regulated in RA patients compared to non-RA controls. This orphan receptor on monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils may play a role in RA pathophysiology.

  20. Refining Uranium: Bob Wiseman’s Ecomusicological Puppetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark, Andrew

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes Bob Wiseman’s allegorical piece, Uranium, arguing that it accesses emotion to alter the consciousness of percipients. Audiences respond with unusual intensity to Uranium’s tragic environmental narrative. By using puppet theatre, film, comedy, and song to win their trust, Wiseman is able to shock his spectators. With interviews and consideration of the semiotic content of Uranium, I explore possibilities for activation of ecological consciousness through performing arts. Building on the shared ideas of Heinrich von Kleist, Gregory Bateson, and Thomas Turino, I argue that Wiseman offers one particularly useful mechanism to advance environmental concerns and learning through the arts. This paper seeks to bridge environmental and (ethnomusicological thought, and has specific relevance to the growing field of ecomusicology, presenting a musical ethnographic case-study in singer-song-writer activism.

  1. The B Fields in OB Stars (BOB) Survey

    CERN Document Server

    Morel, T; Fossati, L; Hubrig, S; Langer, N; Przybilla, N; Scholler, M; Carroll, T; Ilyin, I; Irrgang, A; Oskinova, L; Schneider, F R N; Diaz, S Simon; Briquet, M; Gonzalez, J F; Kharchenko, N; Nieva, M -F; Scholz, R -D; de Koter, A; Hamann, W -R; Herrero, A; Apellaniz, J Maiz; Sana, H; Arlt, R; Barba, R; Dufton, P; Kholtygin, A; Mathys, G; Piskunov, A; Reisenegger, A; Spruit, H; Yoon, S -C

    2014-01-01

    The B fields in OB stars (BOB) survey is an ESO large programme collecting spectropolarimetric observations for a large number of early-type stars in order to study the occurrence rate, properties, and ultimately the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars. As of July 2014, a total of 98 objects were observed over 20 nights with FORS2 and HARPSpol. Our preliminary results indicate that the fraction of magnetic OB stars with an organised, detectable field is low. This conclusion, now independently reached by two different surveys, has profound implications for any theoretical model attempting to explain the field formation in these objects. We discuss in this contribution some important issues addressed by our observations (e.g., the lower bound of the field strength) and the discovery of some remarkable objects.

  2. Living, Breathing Songs: Singing Along with Bob Dylan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith Negus

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Taking issue with approaches to Bob Dylan’s art that are preoccupied with his lyrics, this article suggests a route into thinking about his music by focusing on how Dylan’s vocal melodies work at the intersection of speech and singing. Drawing on Gino Stefani’s work on popular melodies, this article explores this issue through a discussion of how people sing along with Dylan’s songs at concerts. The discussion focuses on the song “It Ain’t Me Babe,” and examines more general points about the ways in which Dylan’s melodies connect with the everyday lives of his listeners.

  3. Tangled up in grief: Bob Dylan's songs of separation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Keverne

    This article argues that much can be learned about the ways in which individuals grieve through a careful analysis of the presentation of loss in creative fiction, especially in terms of unconscious and uncensored responses presented indirectly through figurative language and structural patterns. It takes Bob Dylan's collection of songs about the anguish caused by lost love, Blood on the Tracks, as an example. An examination of the songs included in, and some rejected for, the album reveals developing responses to grief resulting from relationship breakdown, including the search for the absent one and for reconciliation; the intrusion of deep pain into everyday situations; the problem of infidelity and guilt; the attempt to reach a more detached perspective; the consequences of the pain becoming unbearable; and the attempt at a kind of closure. Taken together, the songs reveal how complex and contradictory responses to the agony of loss can be.

  4. Type of Mental of Successful Entrepreneur: A Qualitative Study of Bob Sadinos Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Masrukhin

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper was to determine the type of mental of successful businessman Bob Sadino. So he became a major employer in the field of retail and supermarket. The theories used were personality theory and Cash flow Quadrant theory. The theories used were later associated with the analysis results obtained from the field. Research used descriptive qualitative analysis using mental of success. Results show that Bob Sadino had Business owner mental and Investor mental based on Cash flow Quadrant theory.

  5. BOB.1 of the channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus: not a transcriptional coactivator?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard, Mara L Lennard; Hikima, Jun-ichi; Wilson, Melanie R; Miller, Norman W; Cunningham, Charles; Warr, Gregory W

    2009-01-01

    Expression of the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) locus of the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) is driven by the Emu3' enhancer, whose core region contains two octamer motifs and a muE5 site. Orthologues of the Oct1 and Oct2 transcription factors have been cloned in the channel catfish and shown to bind to the octamer motifs within the core enhancer. While catfish Oct2 is an activator of transcription, catfish Oct1 failed to drive transcription and may act as a negative regulator of IGH transcription. In mammals, the Oct co-activator BOB.1 (B cell Oct-binding protein1, also known as OCA-B and OBF-1) greatly enhances the transcriptional activity of Oct factors and plays an important role in the development of the immune system. An orthologue of BOB.1 has been cloned in the catfish, and its function characterized. The POU binding domain of the catfish BOB.1 was found to be 95% identical at the amino acid level with the binding domain of human BOB.1, and all the residues directly involved in binding to the Oct-DNA complex were conserved. Despite this conservation, catfish BOB.1 failed to enhance transcriptional activation mediated by endogenous or co-transfected catfish Oct2, and failed to rescue the activity of the inactive catfish Oct1. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that catfish BOB.1 was capable of binding both catfish Oct1 and Oct2 when they formed a complex with the Oct motif. Analysis of recombinant chimeric catfish and human BOB.1 proteins demonstrated that the failure to drive transcription was due to the lack of a functional activation domain within the catfish BOB.1.

  6. NF-κB-dependent signals control BOB.1/OBF.1 and Oct2 transcriptional activity in B cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilzheimer, Melanie; Quandt, Jasmin; Langhans, Julia; Weihrich, Petra; Wirth, Thomas; Brunner, Cornelia

    2015-12-01

    The transcriptional co-activator BOB.1/OBF.1 is crucial for Octamer-driven transcription in B cells. BOB.1/OBF.1-deficiency leads to tremendous defects in B-cell development and function. Therefore, in the past research focused on the identification of BOB.1/OBF.1 target genes. However, the regulation of BOB.1/OBF.1 expression itself is poorly understood. Here we show that in B cells NF-κB as well as to some extent NFAT proteins are involved in the activation of basal as well as inducible BOB.1/OBF.1 expression by direct binding to the BOB.1/OBF.1 promoter. Moreover, the analysis of different inducers of NF-κB, like several TLR ligands, TNF-α, BAFF, or LTα1β2, revealed that both the canonical and noncanonical NF-κB pathways are involved in the induction of BOB.1/OBF.1 gene. The identification of so far unknown inducers that regulate BOB.1/OBF.1 expression in B cells provides novel insights in the potential function of BOB.1/OBF.1 during different aspects of B-cell development and function.

  7. Effect of sulfites on the performance of LiBOB/{gamma}-butyrolactone electrolytes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ping, Ping; Wang, Qingsong; Sun, Jinhua [State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, Anhui (China); Feng, Xuyong; Chen, Chunhua [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, Anhui (China)

    2011-01-15

    {gamma}-Butyrolactone (GBL) increases the irreversible capacity of lithium ion battery when it is employed as the solvent for the lithium bis(oxalate)borate (LiBOB)-based electrolyte. To solve this problem, four sulfites are introduced to the electrolyte. The effects of ethyl sulfite (ES), propylene sulfite (PS), dimethyl sulfite (DMS) and diethyl sulfite (DES) on the LiBOB/GBL-based electrolytes are studied. The ionic conductivity, electrochemical stability, cycle performance and thermal stability of the sulfite containing electrolytes are tested and compared with that of the common electrolyte and the 1 M LiBOB/GBL electrolyte. The results indicate that the cyclic sulfites ES and PS show little benefit to the performance of the electrolyte. However, the linear sulfites DMS and DES could increase the ionic conductivity of the electrolyte and form an effective SEI film on the anode surface. In particular, the 1 M LiBOB/GBL+DMS (3:1 wt.) electrolyte mitigates the irreversible capacity and enhances the first coulomb efficiency and the capacity retention. The thermal stability of the DMS containing electrolyte is also improved and is better than that of the common electrolyte. These beneficial effects make them possibly to be a promising cosolvent for the LiBOB/GBL electrolyte. (author)

  8. "To ear is human, to frogive is divine": Bob Capranica's legacy to auditory neuroethology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Andrea Megela

    2013-03-01

    Bob Capranica was a towering figure in the field of auditory neuroethology. Among his many contributions are the exploitation of the anuran auditory system as a general vertebrate model for studying communication, the introduction of a signal processing approach for quantifying sender-receiver dynamics, and the concept of the matched filter for efficient neural processing of complex vocal signals. In this paper, meant to honor Bob on his election to Fellow of the International Society for Neuroethology, I provide a description and analysis of some of his most important research, and I highlight how the concepts and data he contributed still inspire neuroethology today.

  9. 78 FR 15714 - Welch Motel, Inc., Welch Oil, Inc., Boondocks USA Truck Stop, Bob Welch v. Midland Power...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Welch Motel, Inc., Welch Oil, Inc., Boondocks USA Truck Stop, Bob Welch v... (Commission), 18 CFR 385.206, Welch Motel, Inc., Welch Oil, Inc., Boondocks USA Truck Stop, and Bob...

  10. Building "Bob": A Project Exploring the Human Body at Western Illinois University Preschool Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brouette, Scott

    2008-01-01

    When the children at Western Illinois University Preschool Center embarked on a study of human bodies, they decided to build a life-size model of a body, organ by organ from the inside out, to represent some of the things they were learning. This article describes the building of "Bob," the human body model, highlighting the children's…

  11. The transcriptional coactivator Bob1 promotes the development of follicular T helper cells via Bcl6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stauss, Dennis; Brunner, Cornelia; Berberich-Siebelt, Friederike; Höpken, Uta E; Lipp, Martin; Müller, Gerd

    2016-04-15

    Follicular T helper (Tfh) cells are key regulators of the germinal center reaction and long-term humoral immunity. Tfh cell differentiation requires the sustained expression of the transcriptional repressor Bcl6; however, its regulation in CD4(+)T cells is incompletely understood. Here, we report that the transcriptional coactivator Bob1, encoded by thePou2af1gene, promotes Bcl6 expression and Tfh cell development. We found that Bob1 together with the octamer transcription factors Oct1/Oct2 can directly bind to and transactivate theBcl6andBtlapromoters. Mixed bone marrow chimeras revealed that Bob1 is required for the expression of normal levels of Bcl6 andBTLA, thereby controlling the pool size and composition of the Tfh compartment in a T cell-intrinsic manner. Our data indicate that T cell-expressed Bob1 is directly involved in Tfh cell differentiation and required for mounting normal T cell-dependent B-cell responses.

  12. Bob McMurray: Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of one of the winners of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology. The 2012 winner is Bob McMurray for pioneering research on speech and language processing in infants and adults. McMurray has conducted influential work on the graded nature of…

  13. Bob Bear: A Strategy for Improving Behaviors of Preschoolers Identified as At Risk or Developmentally Delayed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, Meredith; Meese, Ruth L.; Keith, Stephen; Mathews, Rachel

    2009-01-01

    Social learning theory, sociodramatic play, and the use of puppets and stuffed animals may be beneficial for improving social behaviors of preschoolers with and without disabilities. Therefore, this action research study is developed on the belief that a stuffed animal (Bob Bear) will enhance appropriate behaviors for preschool children when used…

  14. I Am America Singing: Bob Dylan's Identity Unified through Linguistic Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Erin Colleen

    2014-01-01

    Focus on his biography and his performance in the media has long been the basis of interpretation of Bob Dylan's identity. This has resulted in the accepted critical theory of Dylan's identity as mercurial and lacking a central ipseity. However, as Michael Strachan argues, rock biography is an unstable genre because it treats its subjects as…

  15. Lucrative Payments to Bob Kerrey by the New School Irk Critics in a Time of Austerity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stripling, Jack

    2012-01-01

    Bob Kerrey's rocky tenure as president of the New School may seem a fading memory, but the recent disclosure that he earned $3-million from the institution last year could rekindle resentments on campus and raise questions about Mr. Kerrey's continuing and lucrative role at the college. Under fire from New School faculty over turnover in the…

  16. LXI come to China%LXI来到中国——专访LXI联盟总裁Bob Rennard和LXI联盟营销委员会主席Bob Stasonis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晖

    2007-01-01

    借“LXI联盟会员大会暨高级技术论坛'2007”在安捷伦中国总部大厦成功落下帷幕之际,本站记者对LXI联盟总裁Bob Rennard和LXI联盟营销委员会主席Bob Stasonis进行了专访.Bob Rennard先生和Bob Stasonis先生向记者阐述了LXI作为GPIB的天然继承者的特点和优势、LXI标准及LXI联盟的宗旨、亚洲首届会员大会的成绩.

  17. Barack Obama Blindness (BOB): Absence of Visual Awareness to a Single Object.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persuh, Marjan; Melara, Robert D

    2016-01-01

    In two experiments, we evaluated whether a perceiver's prior expectations could alone obliterate his or her awareness of a salient visual stimulus. To establish expectancy, observers first made a demanding visual discrimination on each of three baseline trials. Then, on a fourth, critical trial, a single, salient and highly visible object appeared in full view at the center of the visual field and in the absence of any competing visual input. Surprisingly, fully half of the participants were unaware of the solitary object in front of their eyes. Dramatically, observers were blind even when the only stimulus on display was the face of U.S. President Barack Obama. We term this novel, counterintuitive phenomenon, Barack Obama Blindness (BOB). Employing a method that rules out putative memory effects by probing awareness immediately after presentation of the critical stimulus, we demonstrate that the BOB effect is a true failure of conscious vision.

  18. Bob and Readers%鲍勃和他的读者

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Hello! Bob! I am not sure if you still remember me, a reader of Overseas English and a member of the Foreign Language Faculty of Ningbo University. I really like reading your articles. I am writing to ask for your help. I am doing research on the "Chinese Traditional Culture." I would like to get some thoughts from foreigners. I hope you can tell me what you think about it.

  19. US Senator Bob Graham makes an announcement at LC 46, CCAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    United States Senator Bob Graham of Florida announces important new federal legislation designed to support the nation's continued space industry development. The announcement was made at Launch Complex 46 at the Cape Canaveral Air Station, the dual- use Navy facility recently modified for commercial launches by the State of Florida. In the background, from left to right, are Hugh Brown, Chairman, Spaceport Florida Authority; Charles Johnson, Athena Program Manager, Lockheed Martin Astronautics; and Col. Ron Larivee, Vice Commander, 45th Space Wing.

  20. Gel polymer electrolyte based on LiBOB and PAN for the application in dye-sensitized solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arof, A. K.; Jun, H. K.; Sim, L. N.; Kufian, M. Z.; Sahraoui, B.

    2013-11-01

    Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have been fabricated using metal complex N3 dye coupled with LiBOB and PAN-based gel polymer electrolyte (GPE). Conductivity of the GPE at room temperature was 1.2 × 10-2 S cm-1. The deconvoluted vibration spectra at different temperatures between 1000 and 970 cm-1 show the existence of ion pairs and free ions. Overall efficiency and fill factor of the DSSC with LiBOB-BMII-PAN-I2 GPE system is 0.65% and 48% respectively. The cell with LiBOB-BMII-PAN-I2 GPE system appears to be stable under varied light intensity attributed to the presence of redox couple mediator in the GPE. Impedance measurements show that the DSSC with LiBOB-BMII-PAN-I2 GPE has longer electron lifetime which suggests a lower electron recombination rate.

  1. Application of LiBOB-based liquid electrolyte in co-sensitized solar cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, H. K.; Buraidah, M. H.; Noor, M. M.; Kufian, M. Z.; Majid, S. R.; Sahraoui, B.; Arof, A. K.

    2013-11-01

    Co-sensitized solar cells have been fabricated using metal complex N3 dye and Ag2S/CdS quantum dots coupled with LiBOB-based liquid electrolyte. Quantum dots (QDs) were synthesized via the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) route. The absorbance and band gap energy of Ag2S and CdS QDs were determined. Their refractive indices were observed to be in the range of 1.5175-1.5200. It has been shown that LiBOB-based liquid electrolyte is able to function in the QD/N3 dye co-sensitized solar cells but some stability issues of the QD were observed in the electrolyte system containing iodide whereby the QD-sensitized TiO2 was easily etched. Overall efficiencies and fill factors of the co-sensitized solar cells varied from 0.98% to 1.66% and 40% to 46% respectively. CdS QD was shown to be effective when coupled with polysulfide electrolyte while Ag2S QD was favorable towards the LiBOB-based liquid electrolyte.

  2. Tribological properties of AC44200 based composites strenghead with AlB2BOB3 Bparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.W. Kaczmar

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a research on abrasion resistance of aluminium-based composites consisting of EN AC-44200 matrix reinforcedwith AlB2BOB3B particles. The examinations revealed that wear intensity of the composites decreased with increasing volume fraction of the particles. Much more intensive abrasive wear was observed on the first kilometre in comparison to the wear on the subsequent distances, i.e. from 1 to 3.5 km and from 3.5 to 8.5 km of the wear distance. Microscopic examinations permitted determining the way and type of wear occurring in the examined materials. In the case of the AC-44200 matrix, typical adhesive wear is observed. In composite materials however, abrasive wear prevails over adhesive wear. Increased volume fraction of AlB2BOB3B particles in composite materials results in increasing friction factor in average by 0.250 per each 10 vol.%. Wear of the cast-iron counterspecimen is also strongly dependent on volume fraction of the reinforcing particles. The counterspecimen demonstrates the largest wear when working in contact with a composite material containing 40 vol.% of AlB2BOB3B particles.

  3. BOB-RED queue management for IEEE 802.15.4 wireless sensor networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Jean-Lien

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Multimedia services over resource constrained wireless sensor networks (WSNs face a performance bottleneck issue from the gateway node to the sink node. Therefore, the queue management at the gateway node is crucial for diversified messages conveyed from the front nodes to the sink node. In this article, beacon order-based random early detection (BOB-RED queue management is proposed. BOB-RED is a dynamic adaptation scheme based on adjusting beacon interval and superframe duration in the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC superframe accompanied with RED queue management scheme to increase the transmission efficiency of multimedia over WSNs. We focus on the performance improvement upon different traffic loads over WSNs. Evaluation metrics include end-to-end delay, packet delivery ratio, and energy consumption in IEEE 802.15.4 beacon enabled mode. Simulation results show that BOB-RED can effectively decrease end-to-end delay and energy consumption compared to the DropTail scheme.

  4. Bob Larson谈中国的风险投资--Woodside Fund常务董事访谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ WoodSide Fund是美国著名的风险投资公司之一,Bob Larson先生是该公司的常务董事,记者在E北京2001风险投融资大会上,就风险投资在中国的发展问题上,采访了Bob Larson先生.

  5. Bob Dylan 来台演唱前的随想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒国治

    2011-01-01

    <正>近半年,大伙皆在谈一件大事,BobDylan(鲍勃·迪伦)要来台湾演唱了。所谓大事,乃Dylan之来台,有可能是这五十年来赴台表演者中,最最最重量级的一位。正因如此,太多的本地知音,不免为Dylan的即将来台感到隐隐感到一丝愁绪或什么的。

  6. Bob Esponja : produções de sentidos sobre infâncias e masculinidades

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    O presente trabalho investiga a forma como as infâncias e as masculinidades são apresentadas no desenho animado Bob Esponja Calça Quadrada a partir da análise da interação de linguagens visuais e sonoras. A fim de realizar um estudo detalhado e atento foram selecionados seis episódios da série para, partindo deles, investigar e discutir os temas propostos. Como aporte teórico referente aos estudos de mídia e aos desenhos animados foram empregados os textos de FUSARI, FERRÉS, FISCHER, PILLAR. ...

  7. Aspectos pedagógicos do desenho animado infantil Bob esponja

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Este estudo teve como objetivo refletir sobre a importância de se entender o desenho animado para publico infantil para além do entretenimento, como rica fonte de apreensão de significados. O desenho animado escolhido para análise foi o infantil "Bob esponja", que apresenta elementos típicos da comédia como simplicidade, exagero, inconveniência e irreverência. O trabalho foi construído pela escolha de quatro episódios, selecionados por apresentarem enredos que tratavam dos temas família (Beij...

  8. Bob Meyer (right), acting deputy director of NASA Dryden, shakes hands with Les Bordelon, executive

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Bob Meyer (on the right), acting deputy director of NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California, shakes hands with Les Bordelon, executive director of Edwards Air Force Base. The handshake represents Dryden's acceptance of an Air Force C-20A delivered from Ramstein Air Base, Germany. The aircraft will be modified to carry equipment and experiments in support of both NASA and U.S. Air Force projects. The joint use of this aircraft is a result of the NASA Dryden/Edwards Air Force Base Alliance which shares some resources as cost-cutting measures.

  9. Alice-Bob Physics: Coherent Solutions of Nonlocal KdV Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Lou, S Y

    2016-01-01

    In natural and social science, many events happened at different space-times may be closely entangled or correlated. Two events, $A$ (Alice) and $B$ (Bob) are defined as correlated if one event is determined by another, say, $B=\\hat{f}A$ for suitable $\\hat{f}$ operators. Can we find these kinds of correlated solutions from the known physically significant models? Alternatively, can we establish/derive some significant physical models to describe these kinds of correlated phenomena? Taking KdV and coupled KdV systems as examples, we can find some types of models (defined as Alice-Bob KdV systems) to exhibit the existence on the correlated solutions linked with two events, event $A=A(x,\\ t)$ and event $B=B(x',\\ t')=\\hat{f}A$ happened at $\\{x,\\ t\\}$ and $\\{x',\\ t'\\}$ respectively. The idea of this letter is valid not only for the physical problems related to the KdV systems but also for all physical problems which can be described by arbitrary continuous or discrete mathematical models.

  10. B fields in OB stars (BOB): Concluding the FORS 2 observing campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schöller, M.; Hubrig, S.; Fossati, L.; Carroll, T. A.; Briquet, M.; Oskinova, L. M.; Järvinen, S.; Ilyin, I.; Castro, N.; Morel, T.; Langer, N.; Przybilla, N.; Nieva, M.-F.; Kholtygin, A. F.; Sana, H.; Herrero, A.; Barbá, R. H.; de Koter, A.; BOB Collaboration

    2017-03-01

    Aims: The B fields in OB stars (BOB) Collaboration is based on an ESO Large Programme to study the occurrence rate, properties, and ultimately the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars. Methods: In the framework of this program, we carried out low-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of a large sample of massive stars using FORS 2 installed at the ESO VLT 8 m telescope. Results: We determined the magnetic field values with two completely independent reduction and analysis pipelines. Our in-depth study of the magnetic field measurements shows that differences between our two pipelines are usually well within 3σ errors. From the 32 observations of 28 OB stars, we were able to monitor the magnetic fields in CPD -57° 3509 and HD 164492C, confirm the magnetic field in HD 54879, and detect a magnetic field in CPD -62° 2124. We obtain a magnetic field detection rate of 6 ± 3% for the full sample of 69 OB stars observed with FORS 2 within the BOB program. For the preselected objects with a v sin i below 60 km s-1, we obtain a magnetic field detection rate of 5 ± 5%. We also discuss X-ray properties and multiplicity of the objects in our FORS 2 sample with respect to the magnetic field detections. Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under program ID 191.D-0255(E,G).

  11. B fields in OB stars (BOB): Concluding the FORS2 observing campaign

    CERN Document Server

    Schoeller, M; Fossati, L; Carroll, T A; Briquet, M; Oskinova, L M; Jarvinen, S; Ilyin, I; Castro, N; Morel, T; Langer, N; Przybilla, N; Nieva, M F; Kholtygin, A F; Sana, H; Herrero, A; Barba, R H; de Koter, A

    2016-01-01

    The "B fields in OB stars" (BOB) collaboration is based on an ESO Large Programme, to study the occurrence rate, properties, and ultimately the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars. In the framework of this programme, we carried out low-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of a large sample of massive stars using FORS2 installed at the ESO VLT 8-m telescope. We determined the magnetic field values with two completely independent reduction and analysis pipelines. Our in-depth study of the magnetic field measurements shows that differences between our two pipelines are usually well within 3sigma errors. From the 32 observations of 28 OB stars, we were able to monitor the magnetic fields in CPD-57 3509 and HD164492C, confirm the magnetic field in HD54879, and detect a magnetic field in CPD-62 2124. We obtain a magnetic field detection rate of 6+-3% for the full sample of 69 OB stars observed with FORS2 within the BOB programme. For the pre-selected objects with a v sin i below 60 km/s, we obtain a m...

  12. Property Analysis of Ethanol--Natural Gasoline--BOB Blends to Make Flex Fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alleman, Teresa L. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Yanowitz, Janet [Ecoengineering, Inc., Sharonville, OH (United States)

    2016-11-01

    Ten natural gasolines were analyzed for a wide range of properties, including Reid vapor pressure (RVP), benzene, sulfur, distillation, stability, metals, and aromatic content, to determine their quality. Benzene and sulfur content were sufficiently low in all but one of the samples that they could be blended without further upgrading. Four of these samples were selected to blend with blendstock for oxygenate blending (BOB) and ethanol to produce E51, E70, and E83 blends, targeting 7.8 and 9.0-psi finished fuels. The volume of each component in the blend was estimated using the Reddy model, with the assumption that the BOB and natural gasoline blend linearly and behave as a single component in the model calculations. Results show that the Reddy model adequately predicts the RVP of the finished blend for E51 and E70, but significantly underpredicts the RVP of E83 blends by nearly 2 psi. It is hypothesized that the underprediction is a function of the very low aromatic content of the E83 blends, even compared to the E51 and E70 blends.

  13. On vision in birds: coordination of head-bobbing and gait stabilises vertical head position in quail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Head-bobbing in birds is a conspicuous behaviour related to vision comprising a hold phase and a thrust phase. The timing of these phases has been shown in many birds, including quail, to be coordinated with footfall during locomotion. We were interested in the biomechanics behind this phenomenon. During terrestrial locomotion in birds, the trunk is subjected to gait-specific vertical oscillations. Without compensation, these vertical oscillations conflict with the demands of vision (i.e., a vertically stable head position). We tested the hypothesis that the coordination between head-bobbing and trunk movement is a means of reconciling the conflicting demands of vision and locomotion which should thus vary according to gait. Results Significant differences in the timing of head-bobbing were found between gaits. The thrust phase was initiated just prior to the double support phase in walking (vaulting) trials, whereas in running (bouncing) trials, thrust started around midstance. Altering the timing of head-trunk-coordination in simulations showed that the timing naturally favoured by birds minimizes the vertical displacement of the head. When using a bouncing gait the timing of head bobbing had a compensatory effect on the fluctuation of the potential energy of the bird’s centre of mass. Conclusion The results are consistent with expectations based on the vertical trunk fluctuations observed in biomechanical models of vaulting and bouncing locomotion. The timing of the head-bobbing behaviour naturally favoured by quail benefits vision during vaulting and bouncing gaits and potentially helps reducing the mechanical cost associated with head bobbing when using a bouncing gait. PMID:24666790

  14. What does Batman think about SpongeBob? children's understanding of the fantasy/fantasy distinction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skolnick, Deena; Bloom, Paul

    2006-08-01

    Young children reliably distinguish reality from fantasy; they know that their friends are real and that Batman is not. But it is an open question whether they appreciate, as adults do, that there are multiple fantasy worlds. We test this by asking children and adults about fictional characters' beliefs about other characters who exist either within the same world (e.g., Batman and Robin) or in different worlds (e.g., Batman and SpongeBob). Study 1 found that although both adults and young children distinguish between within-world and across-world types of character relationships, the children make an unexpected mistake: they often claim that Batman thinks that Robin is make believe. Study 2 used a less explicit task, exploring intuitions about the actions of characters-whom they could see, touch, and talk to--and found that children show a mature appreciation of the ontology of fictional worlds.

  15. De Wet BOB Titels IVa en V in de praktijk : besluitvorming over bijzondere opsporingsbevoegdheden in de aanpak van georganiseerde criminaliteit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krommendijk, M.; Terpstra, J.; Kempen, P.H. van

    2009-01-01

    De Wet BOB biedt twee grondslagen voor de bevoegdheid gebruik te maken van bijzondere opsporingsmethoden, zoals bijv. tappen, inkijkoperaties en infiltratie. Ten eerste kunnen deze bevoegdheden worden toegepast op basis van een verdenking van een concreet strafbaar feit. Er is dan sprake van een 'tr

  16. Debating Education for Sustainable Development 20 Years after Rio: A Conversation between Bob Jickling and Arjen Wals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jickling, Bob; Wals, Arjen E.J.

    2012-01-01

    In this dialogue between two friends and colleagues with different takes on education for sustainability, Canadian environmental education scholar Bob Jickling argues that education "for" any cause is not true education, which should strive to prepare minds to create new ideas, not follow a doctrine. Since we don't have solutions to…

  17. Debating Education for Sustainable Development 20 Years after Rio: A Conversation between Bob Jickling and Arjen Wals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jickling, B.; Wals, A.E.J.

    2012-01-01

    In this dialogue between two friends and colleagues with different takes on education for sustainability, Canadian environmental education scholar Bob Jickling argues that education for any cause is not true education, which should strive to prepare minds to create new ideas, not follow a doctrine.

  18. No man is an island. A personal tribute to Bob Blanchard and ethoexperimental approaches to the study of behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodgers, Robert John

    2015-07-01

    I first met Bob Blanchard at an international conference in Paris some 40 years ago. We collaborated intensively during the late 1980s/early 1990s on the ethopharmacology of antipredator defence in wild and laboratory rats, and remained good friends until his untimely passing in November 2013. Bob will undoubtedly be remembered as one of the most influential behavioural neuroscientists of the 20th century and, with Caroline, the most eloquent advocate of ethoexperimental approaches to the study of behaviour. In this brief trip down memory lane, I describe when and where Bob and I first met and how, over a lengthy period, he directly and indirectly helped shape my own research career. His profound influence in this regard is illustrated by reference to not only our collaborative research on antipredator behaviour but also my other work on the ethopharmacology of agonistic behaviour, social conflict analgesia, anxiety, and appetite. The element common to all of this work has been ethoexperimental analysis and, for teaching me the true value of this approach, I shall always remain indebted to the big man. Literally and figuratively, Bob was most certainly larger than life.

  19. BOB.1-positive Classical Hodgkin's Lymphoma Carries Hypermethylation of Its Promoter as Epigenetic Marker of Gene-silencing Memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Takafumi; Kitazawa, Riko; Mizuno, Yosuke; Kuwahara, Natsumi; Ito, Chizu; Sugita, Atsuro; Haraguchi, Ryuma; Kitazawa, Sohei

    2014-06-28

    Analysis of archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) pathological specimens of three case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and three cases of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) revealed that hypermethylation of the BOB.1 gene promoter was exclusively observed in CHL. A discrepancy was observed, however, between the methylation status of the BOB.1 gene promoter and its expression in the EBV-positive mixed cellular CHL (MCCHL). Since MCCHL lacks the typical B-cell phenotype even in the presence of abundant BOB.1 transcription factors, functional activity of BOB.1 may be lost or reduced by a mechanism other than epigenetic gene silencing. When some tumor-suppressor gene products have lost their biological function, impact or significance of derepression of such genes may be little. Therefore, when interpreting immunohistochemical results for diagnostic or research purposes, it must be borne in mind that apparent positive immunostaining can merely be the result of chromatin remodeling and that such transient expression often has little functional significance. Any apparent positive immunohistochemical result needs to be interpreted carefully with the help of the hypermethylation status as a molecular marker of gene silencing memory.

  20. Les folles aventures de Bob l’éponge : genre et (a)sexualité dans la série animée SpongeBob SquarePants

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Depuis 1999, la série animée Bob l'éponge met en scène un personnage improbable au genre ambigu. Archétype du garçon efféminé, Bob l'éponge joue avec la vision du genre et multiplie les clins d'œil à l'homosexualité, à travers un humour camp et la formation de couples de même sexe. La visibilité d'un tel personnage et sa cible enfantine ont ainsi provoqué le scandale auprès de groupes religieux aux États-Unis, cédant à la tentation d'attribuer une sexualité à un personnage de fiction, et de c...

  1. Emotional fluctuations in Bob Dylan's lyrics measured by the dictionary of affect accompany events and phases in his life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whissell, Cynthia

    2008-04-01

    Lyrics for Bob Dylan's songs between 1962 and 2001 (close to 100,000 words) were scored with the help of the Dictionary of Affect in Language (Whissell, 2006). Means for Pleasantness, Activation, and Imagery are reported for 22 Blocks characterizing this time span. Significant but weak differences across Blocks were found for all three measures at the level of individual words. Emotional fluctuations in words included in Bob Dylan's lyrics accompanied events and phases in his life, although they were not entirely dictated by these events. Dylan used more highly Imaged and more Active words at times when his work was critically acclaimed. More Passive word choices characterized times of prolonged stress, and more Pleasant choices times of experimentation. Dylan's three popularity peaks were used to divide the singer's career into three stages (rhetor, poet, sage) which differed in terms of pronouns used.

  2. 26th Annual GCSSEPM Foundation Bob F.Perkins Research Conference on "Reservoir characterization:integrating technology and business practices"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Roger M. Slatt

    2007-01-01

    @@ The 2006 26th Annual GCSSEPM Foundation Bob F. Perkins Research Conference on "Reservoir characterization: Integrating technology and business practices" presented a solid testimonial to how far we have advanced in the technologies and practices of reservoir characterization since the 1990 AAPG-SEG-SPE-SPWLA 1st Archie Conference on "Integration of Geology, Geophysics, Petrophysics, and Petroleum Engineering in Reservoir Delineation, Description and Management".

  3. 新官上任Bob Agnes带领泰克激活中国市场

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄秀玲

    2004-01-01

    测量仪器主要供应商泰克(Tektronix)公司开拓中国市场动作频频,日前任命Bob Agnes为亚太区销售及销售运营副总裁,负责管理泰克公司亚太区业务的运营事务,中国市场尤为其重心所在。

  4. La fotografia tra Arte e Scienza sociale. Arturo Ghergo, Bob Richardson, Bettina Rheims

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Olivares

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available What does the photography in contemporary visual culture? In the ever increasing interference between art and society, photography took over, as you can see, a leading role in what Enrico Menduni defines the process of "picture show", especially if it isconsidered in its close relationship with the advertising industry. However you cannot ignore the fact that, being closely bound to functions that is responsible, photography is also a social practice. These considerations have a concrete response in the contemporary art. Arturo Ghergo (1901-1959, Bob Richardson (1928-2005 and Bettina Rheims (1952 are artists with very different poetics that while making photographs on commission (for movies, advertising, fashion and magazines told through pictures their time (and the aspects of reality that have characterized reaching high and recognized results of artistic and aesthetic value. They are just three of the many photographers who put us in front of the hybrid status of photography as "a medium [...] inextricably linked to two aspects: aesthetic and sociological" (Dorfles 2012. Discussions on the border between photography-craft and photography-art, which long have marked and restricted the destiny of many photographers, today finally appear anachronistic, but not entirely overcome. We see more and more often a dissolution of identity between the two areas with important examples of the deep connection of the dichotomy between art and social aspects. If it is true that art has always told, interpreted and reflected on the reality that is part, what seems interesting to highlight is the fact that the impact on the collective imaginary that new visual media, photography in primis, have had and continue to have increasingly appears to have no background. Therefore, art has never been so close to life.

  5. Course review: the 4th Bob Huffstadt upper and lower limb flap dissection course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunne, Jonathan A

    2014-12-01

    The Bob Huffstadt course is a 2-day upper and lower limb flap dissection course held in Groningen, the Netherlands. The course is in English, with an international faculty of senior consultants from the Netherlands, Belgium, and United Kingdom. Faculty to participant ratio is 2:1, with 2 participants at each dissection table. The course is aimed at trainees in plastic surgery of all levels, and a comprehensive DVD is provided before the course, which demonstrates dissection of 35 flaps, ensuring those with little experience to have an understanding before dissection.This course offered a comprehensive overview with plenty of practical application. The course can greatly develop operative and theoretical knowledge, while also demonstrating a commitment for those wishing to pursue a career in plastic surgery. Longer courses are available; however, the 2-day course can already provide an excellent introduction for junior trainees. There are few flap courses in the United Kingdom and senior trainees may have difficulty acquiring a place as they book up well in advance. With reductions in operating time, trainees may welcome further experience and development of techniques in the dissection room.Most of both days were spent in the dissection room, raising flaps and receiving teaching from the faculty. Dissections included Foucher, Moberg, Becker, radial forearm, anterolateral thigh, and fibula flaps. Dissection specimens were fresh-frozen preparation, and 9 upper limb flaps were raised on the first day and 5 lower limb flaps on the second day. The faculty provided live demonstrations of perforator dissection, use of the hand-held Doppler, and tips and tricks. The last 2 hours of each day were spent with 2 lectures, including topics from the history of flaps and developments to challenging cases and reconstructive options.The course fee was 1000 euros, including a 5-course dinner, lunch on both days, and a drinks reception on the final evening. I would recommend this

  6. D-558-1 on ramp with ground crew and NACA pilot Bob Champine

    Science.gov (United States)

    1949-01-01

    NACA test pilot Robert Champine is seen in the cockpit of the Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak with the ground crew. Robert A. Champine was a research pilot with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from December 1947 to 1979, when he retired as Langley Research Center's senior research pilot. He began his career with the NACA at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory in Hampton, Virginia (as Langley Research Center was then called). He transferred to the NACA's High-Speed Flight Research Station in the Mojave Desert of California in October 1948, where he flew the X-1 and D-558-1 and -2 research airplanes. On December 2, 1948, Bob became the 6th man and 3rd civilian to break the mysterious sound barrier. He exceeded Mach 1 on NACA flight 23 checking handling qualities and pressure distribution on the XS-1 #2, after having been dropped from the B-29 mother ship, above the Rogers Dry Lake in California. On August 4, 1949, NACA flight 32, he again exceeded Mach 1 performing rolls, pullups, sideslips, and check of stabilizer effectiveness. This was his 13th and last flight in the XS-1. He flew the first NACA research flight of the D-558-1 #3 (Skystreak) on April 22, 1949, and the first NACA research flight of the D-558-2 #2 (Skyrocket) on May 24, 1949, beginning the supersonic research program for these aircraft on June l, 1949. Conceived in 1945, the D558-1 Skystreak was designed by the Douglas Aircraft Company for the U.S. Navy Bureau of Aeronautics, in conjunction with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The Skystreaks were turojet powered aircraft that took off from the ground under their own power and had straight wings and tails. All three D-558-1 Skystreaks were powered by Allison J35-A-11 turbojet engines producing 5,000 pounds of thrust. All the Skystreaks were initially painted scarlet, which lead to the nickname 'crimson test tube.' NACA later had the color of

  7. X-38 Prototype Technology Demonstrator for the Crew Return Vehicle (CRV) and Project Managers Bob Ba

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    Bob Baron of the Dryden Flight Research Center (left) and Brian Anderson of the Johnson Space Flight Center (right) flank an X-38 prototype Crew Return Vehicle technology demonstrator under construction at the Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas. The X-38 Crew Return Vehicle (CRV) research project is designed to develop the technology for a prototype emergency crew return vehicle, or lifeboat, for the International Space Station. The project is also intended to develop a crew return vehicle design that could be modified for other uses, such as a joint U.S. and international human spacecraft that could be launched on the French Ariane-5 Booster. The X-38 project is using available technology and off-the-shelf equipment to significantly decrease development costs. Original estimates to develop a capsule-type crew return vehicle were estimated at more than $2 billion. X-38 project officials have estimated that development costs for the X-38 concept will be approximately one quarter of the original estimate. Off-the-shelf technology is not necessarily 'old' technology. Many of the technologies being used in the X-38 project have never before been applied to a human-flight spacecraft. For example, the X-38 flight computer is commercial equipment currently used in aircraft and the flight software operating system is a commercial system already in use in many aerospace applications. The video equipment for the X-38 is existing equipment, some of which has already flown on the space shuttle for previous NASA experiments. The X-38's primary navigational equipment, the Inertial Navigation System/Global Positioning System, is a unit already in use on Navy fighters. The X-38 electromechanical actuators come from previous joint NASA, U.S. Air Force, and U.S. Navy research and development projects. Finally, an existing special coating developed by NASA will be used on the X-38 thermal tiles to make them more durable than those used on the space shuttles. The X-38 itself was an

  8. “The Low Hum in Syllables and Meters”: Blues Poetics in Bob Dylan’s Verbal Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catharine Mason

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Applying the linguistic category of style as put forth by Dell Hymes, this article seeks to identify the poetic devices borrowed by Bob Dylan from lyrics of traditional blues masters. The author highlights rhetorical form as it is connected to personal and cultural meaning in Blind Willie McTell’s “Broke Down Engine,” as recorded both by McTell and later by Dylan. Among the stylistic operations examined, we find a description of the phenomenon of songfulness as defined by Lawrence Kramer, metaphoric designs of Southern American English, expressive grammar deviations, and the syntactic formulation the author defines as “binary blues clauses,” commonly used in the AAB blues structure. The study is illustrated with a close analysis of language and genre use in Dylan’s “10,000 Men.”

  9. Genetic structure of the sea-bob shrimp (Xiphopenaeus kroyeri Heller, 1862; Decapoda, Penaeidae along the Brazilian southeastern coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Moreira Voloch

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The sea-bob shrimp, Xiphopenaeus kroyeri, is one of the most important economic marine resources along the entire Brazilian coast. Nevertheless, despite its economic importance, no studies have examined the population genetics of this species. In this paper, we used ten allozyme loci to study the pattern of genetic structuring in X. kroyeri along the southeastern Brazilian coast. Seven of the ten analyzed loci were polymorphic, yielding observed heterozygosity values higher than those reported for other penaeid shrimps. The population from São Paulo was significantly different from the other two populations (Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo, which, in turn, seem to form a single panmitic unit. Therefore, our results clearly indicate that conservation policies for this species should consider the São Paulo population as an independent stock from those of Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo.

  10. 与一位BOB VTM(场馆技术经理)的谈话

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兰兰

    2008-01-01

    BOB(北京奥林匹克传播有限公司)承担了北京2008年奥运会和残奥会电视和广播转播任务。每一位BOB VTM(场馆技术经理)在奥运期间,都为了高质量的转播而夜以继日高负荷地工作着。非常难得,我们见缝插针地采访到一位热心的BOB场馆技术经理,请他就奥运转播谈谈有关情况和感受体会。

  11. 与一位BOB VTM(场馆技术经理)的谈话

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兰兰

    2008-01-01

    BOB(北京奥林匹克传播有限公司)承担了北京2008年奥运会和残奥会电视和广播转播任务。每一位BOB VTM(场馆技术经理)在奥运期间.都为了高质量的转播而夜以继日高负荷地工作着。非常难得.我们见缝插针地采访到一位热心的BOB场馆技术经理.请他就奥运转播谈谈有关情况和感受体会。

  12. Rahvusvaheliselt pärjatud õpivara eesti keeles ja kirjanduses / Helin Puksand, Reet Bobõlski, Margit Ross ; intervjueeris Krista Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puksand, Helin, 1970-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti õpivarale antud rahvusvahelised auhinnad: Best European Learning Material Silver Award 2014 Helin Puksandi, Reet Bobõlski ja Margit Rossi eesti keele õpikule "Punkt" (2013) ja Best European Schoolbook Silver Award 2012 samade autorite eesti keele õpikule "Peegel 3" (2011). Best European Schoolbook Bronze Award 2006 Jaanus Vaiksoo, Sirje Toomla ja Kadri Liivese aabitsale "Ilus emakeel" (2005).

  13. Hot study: Investigating the risk for violative meat residues in bob veal calves fed colostrum from cows treated at dry-off with cephapirin benzathine

    Science.gov (United States)

    The objective was to complete a pilot study to investigate if violative meat residues are detected in very young bob veal calves that are fed first milking colostrum harvested from cows that were dry treated, on label, with cephapirin benzathine. First milking colostrum was collected from cows that...

  14. Expression and significance of the levels of Oct-2 and Bob.1 in the lung tissues B cell of patients with tuberculosis%Oct-2、Bob.1在肺结核组织B细胞中的表达及其意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苟继周; 陈心春; 乐晓华; 张香梅; 王正; 杨林

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨肺结核组织B细胞中Oct-2、Bob.1的表达与机体免疫的关系.方法 采用免疫组织化学检测20例肺结核组织B细胞中Oct-2、Bob.1的表达情况.结果 (1)在肺结核组织生发中心的B细胞中Oct-2和Bob.1主要表达在细胞核;在无形成生发中心聚集的B细胞中,细胞核和细胞浆均呈阳性;(2)肺结核组织B细胞中Oct-2阳性的细胞数明显少于Bob.1阳性的细胞数,Oct-2和Bob.1阳性率分别为:10.8%、65.6%;(3)形成生发中心的肺结核组织B细胞中Oct-2和Bob.1阳性的细胞数明显高于无生发中心形成的肺结核组织,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 肺结核组织B细胞Oct-2表达低下和/或Oct-2、Bob.1表达不一致可能导致B细胞在发育过程中未能形成生发中心.%Objective To study the relationship between expression level of Oct-2 and Bob. 1 in patient with tuberculosis and their immune system and pathological variation. Methods Expression profile of Oct-2 and Bob. 1 were stained in lung tissues from 20 cases of tuberculosis by immunohistochemistry. Results ( 1 ) Oct-2 and Bob. 1 were mainly expressed in B cells, nucleus of germinal center in patient with tuberculosis, but both markers were expressed in B cells; nucleus and plasma formation without the germinal center. ( 2 ) The positive numbers of Oct-2 were evidently less than that Bob. 1 in lung tissues with tuberculosis and their positive rate were 10. 8% and 65. 6% respectively. ( 3 ) In lung tissues with tuberculosis, the positive numbers of Oct-2 and Bob. 1 in formation of germinal center were significantly higher than without germinal center ( P <0. 05 ). Conclusions In B cells of lung tissues with tuberculosis, the lower expression of Oct-2 and/or Oct-2 and Bob. 1 expression different may be the cause that B cell cannot form germinal center.

  15. 锂源对双草酸硼酸锂合成的影响%Influence of lithium source on synthesis of LiBOB

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆源; 尹周澜; 卜芃; 李新海; 王志兴; 郭华军

    2012-01-01

    A new lithium salt(LiBOB) based on a chelated borate anion, BOB [Bis (oxalate) borate] was synthesized by an improved solid-state method and purified by rectification. Four different lithium-containing compounds were selected as lithium sources. The synthesized LiBOB was identified by infrared spectrum, X-ray diffraction(XRD) and quantitative chemical analysis. The effects of lithium sources on the purity and electrochemical performance of LiBOB products were investigated. The results show that the purity of LiBOB synthesized from LiOH.H2O is larger than 99.4% after one time of purification and larger than 99.8% after two times of purification. The LiBOB synthesized from Li2C2O4has impurity phases and that from CH3COOLi-2H2O has high water content. The lithium manganese dioxide button cell was assembled with 0.7 mol/L LiBOB/(EC:PC:DMC =1:1:3, mass ratio) as electrolyte and the cycle performance of the cell was tested. LiBOB with LiOHH2O or Li2CO3 as lithium sources shows better electrochemical performance while that with Li2C2O4 or CH3COOLi-2H2O as lithium sources shows poor electrochemical performance.%用改进的固相合成方法及精馏提纯方法,获得一种含有螯合硼酸根离子的电解质锂盐—双草酸硼酸锂(LiBOB).分别选取4种含锂化合物作为锂源,采用红外光谱、X线衍射方法和化学定量分析方法,比较不同锂源对合成LiBOB的产物纯度、电化学性能的影响.研究结果表明:由LiOH·H2O合成的粗产品1次纯化纯度为99.4%,2次纯化纯度为99.8%;由Li2C2O4合成的LiBOB杂相较多;由CH3COOLi.2H2O合成的LiBOB含水分较多.用不同锂源合成的LiBOB配制成0.7 mol/L LiBOB/(EC/PC/DMC=1∶1∶3,质量比)电解液,组装成LiM2O4/Li电池进行电池循环性能的测试.LiOH·H2O和Li2CO3作为锂源合成的LiBOB具有良好的电化学性能,Li2C2O4和CH3COOLi·2H2O作为锂源合成的LiBOB电化学性能较差.

  16. Expression and significance of PAX-g, OCT-2 and BOB. 1 in Hodgkin lymphoma%PAX-5、OCT-2及BOB.1在霍奇金淋巴瘤中的表达及其意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范严严; 章容; 郭乔楠

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨PAX-5、OCT-2、BOB.1在霍奇金淋巴瘤中的表达情况及其意义.方法 对44例霍奇金淋巴瘤行HE染色和应用免疫组织化学PV-9000法标记CD30、CD15、PAX-5、OCT-2、BOB.1、CD20、CD3,按WHO关于淋巴造血组织肿瘤分类(2001年)进行诊断和组织学分型.结果 44例霍奇金淋巴瘤中,结节性淋巴细胞为主型(NLPHL)3例(6.8%),经典型霍奇金淋巴瘤(CHL)41例(93.2%).HRS细胞有36例(81.8%)表达CD30,27例(61.4%)表达CD15,14例(31.8%)表达CD20,43例(97.7%)表达PAX-5,14例(31.8%)表达OCT-2,7例(15.9%)表达BOB.1,其中NLPHLOCT-2、BOB.1均为阳性(100%),CHL中有30例(73.2%)均不表达OCT-2和BOB.1,7例(17.1%)OCT-2(+)、BOB.1(-),1例(2.4%)OCT-2(-)、BOB.1(+).所有病例均不表达CD3.结论 霍奇金淋巴瘤是一种病因不明,诊断较困难的恶性肿瘤,PAX-5、OCT-2、BOB.1标记与传统的CD30、CD15相结合,有助于霍奇金淋巴瘤的诊断及鉴别诊断.

  17. Homage to Bob Brodkey at 85: Ejections, Sweeps and Reynolds Shear Stress Generation in Turbulent Pipe Flow

    CERN Document Server

    Wallace, James M

    2013-01-01

    Almost 50 years ago Bob Brodkey and his student, Corino, conceived of and carried out a visualization experiment for the very near wall region of a turbulent pipe flow that, together with the turbulent boundary layer visualization of Kline et al., excited the turbulence research community. Using a high-speed movie camera mounted on a lathe bed that recorded magnified images in a frame of reference moving with the flow, they observed the motions of submicron particles in the sub-layer, buffer-layer and lower part of the log-layer. Surprisingly, these motions were not nearly so locally random as was the general view of turbulence at the time. Rather, connected regions of the near wall flow decelerated and then erupted away from the wall in what they called "ejections". These decelerated motions were followed by larger scale connected motions toward the wall from above that they called "sweeps". They estimated that ejections accounted for 70% of the Reynolds shear stress at Re_d = 20,000 while only occurring abo...

  18. B fields in OB stars (BOB): low-resolution FORS2 spectropolarimetry of the first sample of 50 massive stars

    CERN Document Server

    Fossati, L; Schoeller, M; Hubrig, S; Langer, N; Morel, T; Briquet, M; Herrero, A; Przybilla, N; Sana, H; Schneider, F R N; de Koter, A

    2015-01-01

    Within the context of the collaboration "B fields in OB stars (BOB)", we used the FORS2 low-resolution spectropolarimeter to search for a magnetic field in 50 massive stars, including two reference magnetic massive stars. Because of the many controversies of magnetic field detections obtained with the FORS instruments, we derived the magnetic field values with two completely independent reduction and analysis pipelines. We compare and discuss the results obtained from the two pipelines. We obtained a general good agreement, indicating that most of the discrepancies on magnetic field detections reported in the literature are caused by the interpretation of the significance of the results (i.e., 3-4 sigma detections considered as genuine, or not), instead of by significant differences in the derived magnetic field values. By combining our results with past FORS1 measurements of HD46328, we improve the estimate of the stellar rotation period, obtaining P = 2.17950+/-0.00009 days. For HD125823, our FORS2 measurem...

  19. LiBOB基电解液在锂离子动力电池中的应用%The application of LiBOB based electrolyte in power Li-ion battery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连芳; 闫坤; 邢桃峰; 仇卫华

    2011-01-01

    The unique advantages of lithium bis(oxalate) borate (LiBOB) as electrolyte salt for power Li-ion battery and the key problems of LiBOB-based electrolyte were summarized. The review was especially focused on the effect of impurities,optimization of its solvents and the compatibility of LiBOB-based electrolyte with LiMn2O4, LiFePO4 electrodes.%介绍了双草酸硼酸锂(LiBOB)作为锂离子动力电池电解质锂盐的独特优势以及LiBOB基电解液应用中的关键问题.主要针对LiBOB基电解液中杂质影响和溶剂优化,以及与LiMnO、LiFePO正极材料的相容性进行了阐述.

  20. B-cell transcription factors Pax-5, Oct-2, BOB.1, Bcl-6, and MUM1 are useful markers for the diagnosis of nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbeck, Rosemarie; Teodorescu Brînzeu, D; Giubelan, Marioara; Lazăr, Elena; Dema, Alis; Ioniţă, Hortensia

    2011-01-01

    In some instances, the overlap in morphologic features and antigen expression between nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) can cause confusion in the diagnosis. In these cases, the transcription factors (TFs) B-cell specific activator protein (BSAP)/Pax-5, octamer binding protein-2 (Oct-2), B-lymphocyte-specific co-activator BOB.1/OBF.1, Bcl-6 protein and multiple myeloma-1/interferon regulatory factor-4 (MUM1/IRF-4) may aid in clarifying the diagnosis. Twenty-two cases of NLPHL were studied for the immunohistochemical expression of Pax-5, Oct-2, BOB.1, Bcl-6 protein and MUM1/IRF-4. Our results sustain the usefulness of the selected set of TFs to diagnose and distinguish NLPHL from cHL since Pax-5, Oct-2, BOB.1 and Bcl-6 are consistently expressed by lymphocyte predominant (LP) cells and reported by others to be often unexpressed in Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells. By contrast, MUM1/IRF-4 protein scored negative in the majority of LP cells, but is reported to be expressed in almost all cases of cHL. Thus, although the expression of transcription factors is very heterogeneous, their simultaneous implementation for positive and differential diagnosis may be useful.

  1. OCT-2 expression and OCT-2/BOB.1 co-expression predict prognosis in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Advani, Anjali S; Lim, Kathleen; Gibson, Sarah; Shadman, Mazyar; Jin, Tao; Copelan, Ed; Kalaycio, Matt; Sekeres, Mikkael A; Sobecks, Ronald; Hsi, Eric

    2010-04-01

    OCT-2 and its co-activator, BOB.1, are B-cell associated transcription factors expressed in a subset of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We evaluated OCT-2 and BOB.1 expression by immunohistochemistry in patients with newly diagnosed AML. The median overall survival (OS) for patients with varying levels of OCT-2 expression was statistically different (p = 0.03) (OCT-2 50%: 11.6 months). On multivariate analysis, co-expression of OCT-2/BOB.1 remained predictive for achievement of complete remission (HR 0.44, p = 0.010) and increased risk of relapse (HR 2.30, p = 0.047). OCT-2 (per 10% increase) was associated with a decreased progression-free survival (HR 1.10, p = 0.036) and a trend toward a worse OS (HR 1.10, p = 0.063). OCT-2 may act as a cell survival factor in AML by mediating expression of downstream targets, such as BCL-2. These results will need to be validated prospectively.

  2. Shattered Lives / Bob Fisher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fisher, Bob

    2001-01-01

    Eesti rahvusest USA ja Kanada filmioperaator Alar Kivilo töötab edukalt Hollywoodis. USA esinduslik filmiajakiri käsitleb põhjalikult tema tööd uue mängufilmiga "The Glass House", mille režissööriks on Daniel Sackheim

  3. Saint Bob and Me

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connolly, Brid

    2005-01-01

    When looking at the story of women's community education in Ireland, from its beginnings in the early 1980s, it is important to understand what was happening in the country at that time, and throughout the 25 turbulent years of its development. This story provides a microcosm of the history of Ireland and its relationship with globalisation. Three…

  4. BOB ESPONJA E AS CRIANÇAS DO PETI (Programa de Erradicação do Trabalho Infantil): UM ESTUDO DE RECEPÇÃO

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Este trabalho de pesquisa investiga a forma como as crianças atendidas pelo Programa de Erradicação do Trabalho Infantil percebem o desenho animado Bob Esponja Calça Quadrada dentro da jornada ampliada. Esta análise contempla um estudo comparativo das crianças do PETI com a percepção de um grupo socialmente adaptado a uma condição social ideal , segundo os valores propugnados pelo próprio sistema. Como referência teórica na área dos estudos culturais, tomamos por base os textos de autores co...

  5. From the Bob/Kirk effect to the Benoit/Éric effect: Testing the mechanism of name sound symbolism in two languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidhu, David M; Pexman, Penny M; Saint-Aubin, Jean

    2016-09-01

    Although it is often assumed that language involves an arbitrary relationship between form and meaning, many studies have demonstrated that nonwords like maluma are associated with round shapes, while nonwords like takete are associated with sharp shapes (i.e., the Maluma/Takete effect, Köhler, 1929/1947). The majority of the research on sound symbolism has used nonwords, but Sidhu and Pexman (2015) recently extended this effect to existing labels: real English first names (i.e., the Bob/Kirk effect). In the present research we tested whether the effects of name sound symbolism generalize to French speakers (Experiment 1) and French names (Experiment 2). In addition, we assessed the underlying mechanism of name sound symbolism, investigating the roles of phonology and orthography in the effect. Results showed that name sound symbolism does generalize to French speakers and French names. Further, this robust effect remained the same when names were presented in a curved vs. angular font (Experiment 3), or when the salience of orthographic information was reduced through auditory presentation (Experiment 4). Together these results suggest that the Bob/Kirk effect is pervasive, and that it is based on fundamental features of name phonemes.

  6. Phospholipase C mediates (±)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI)-, but not lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)-elicited head bobs in rabbit medial prefrontal cortex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schindler, Emmanuelle A D; Harvey, John A; Aloyo, Vincent J

    2013-01-23

    The phenethylamine and indoleamine classes of hallucinogens demonstrate distinct pharmacological properties, although they share a serotonin(2A) (5-HT(2A)) receptor mechanism of action (MOA). The 5-HT(2A) receptor signals through phosphatidylinositol (PI) hydrolysis, which is initiated upon activation of phospholipase C (PLC). The role of PI hydrolysis in the effects of hallucinogens remains unclear. In order to better understand the role of PI hydrolysis in the MOA of hallucinogens, the PLC inhibitor, 1-[6-((17β-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl)amino)hexyl]-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (U73122), was used to study the effects of two hallucinogens, the phenethylamine, (±)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI), and the indoleamine, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). PI hydrolysis was quantified through release of [3H]inositol-4-phosphate from living rabbit frontocortical tissue prisms. Head bobs were counted after hallucinogens were infused into the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of rabbits. Both DOI and LSD stimulated PI hydrolysis in frontocortical tissue through activation of PLC. DOI-stimulated PI hydrolysis was blocked by 5-HT(2A/2C) receptor antagonist, ketanserin, whereas the LSD signal was blocked by 5-HT(2B/2C) receptor antagonist, SB206553. When infused into the mPFC, both DOI- and LSD-elicited head bobs. Pretreatment with U73122 blocked DOI-, but not LSD-elicited head bobs. The two hallucinogens investigated were distinct in their activation of the PI hydrolysis signaling pathway. The serotonergic receptors involved with DOI and LSD signals in frontocortical tissue were different. Furthermore, PLC activation in mPFC was necessary for DOI-elicited head bobs, whereas LSD-elicited head bobs were independent of this pathway. These novel findings urge closer investigation into the intracellular mechanism of action of these unique compounds.

  7. A Face like a Mask and a Voice that Croaks: An Integrated Poetics of Bob Dylan’s Voice, Personae, and Lyrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Lebold

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to examine the literary pleasures derived from Bob Dylan’s songs, paying special attention to how Dylan’s poetical texts are performed and rhythmically rewritten by his voice, as well as the ways in which Dylan uses the songs to “write himself” through the creation of numerous and competing *personae*. Close reading of the lyrics, this article argues, must therefore be supplemented by a “poetics of the voice” and a detailed analysis of the theatricality of his “games of masks.” While a stylistic approach to the lyrics reveals a thrust towards *writerly* openness and new poetical idioms that fuse oral traditions with high poetry, the aesthetic and semantic uses Dylan makes of his voice are equally sophisticated. A study of Dylan’s “masks” will show that the artist uses archetypal poetic identities (prophet, trickster, man of sorrow, and so on as fictional figurations of himself offered to the audience.

  8. B fields in OB stars (BOB): on the detection of weak magnetic fields in the two early B-type stars beta CMa and epsilon CMa

    CERN Document Server

    Fossati, L; Morel, T; Langer, N; Briquet, M; Carroll, T A; Hubrig, S; Nieva, M F; Oskinova, L M; Przybilla, N; Schneider, F R N; Scholler, M; Simon-Diaz, S; Ilyin, I; de Koter, A; Reisenegger, A; Sana, H

    2014-01-01

    Within the context of the "B fields in OB stars (BOB)" collaboration, we used the HARPSpol spectropolarimeter to observe the early B-type stars beta CMa (HD44743; B1 II/III) and epsilon CMa (HD52089; B1.5 II). For both stars, we consistently detected the signature of a weak (<30 G in absolute value) longitudinal magnetic field. We determined the physical parameters of both stars and characterise their X-ray spectrum. For beta CMa, our mode identification analysis led to determining a rotation period of 13.6+/-1.2 days and of an inclination angle of the rotation axis of 57.6+/-1.7 degrees, with respect to the line of sight. On the basis of these measurements and assuming a dipolar field geometry, we derived a best fitting obliquity of ~22 degrees and a dipolar magnetic field strength (Bd) of ~100 G (60

  9. In tribute to Bob Blanchard: Divergent behavioral phenotypes of 16p11.2 deletion mice reared in same-genotype versus mixed-genotype cages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Mu; Lewis, Freeman; Foley, Gillian; Crawley, Jacqueline N

    2015-07-01

    Mouse models offer indispensable heuristic tools for studying genetic and environmental causes of neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism. Development of useful animal models of complex human behaviors depends not only on extensive knowledge of the human disease, but also on a deep understanding of animal behavior and ethology. Robert and Caroline Blanchard pioneered a number of elegant social paradigms in rodents. Their early work led to systematic delineations of rodent naturalist defensive behaviors,which were proven to be highly useful models of human psychiatric disorders, including fear and anxiety. Their work using the Visible Burrow System to study social stress in rats represented an unprecedented approach to study biological mechanisms of depression. In recent years, their extensive knowledge of mouse behavior and ethology enabled them to quickly become leading figures in the field of behavioral genetics of autism. To commemorate Robert Blanchard's influences on animal models of human psychiatric disorders, here we describe a study conceptualized and led by Mu Yang who was trained as a graduate student in the Blanchard laboratory in the early 2000s. This investigation focuses on social housing in a genetic mouse model of 16p11.2 deletion syndrome. Heterozygous deletions and duplications of a segment containing about 29 genes on human chromosome 16 appear in approximately 0.5–1% of all cases of autism. 16p11.2 deletion syndrome is also associated with intellectual disabilities and speech impairments. Our previous studies showed that a mouse model of 16p11.2 deletion syndrome exhibited deficits in vocalizations and novel object recognition, as compared to wildtype littermate control cagemates. In the spirit of Bob Blanchard's careful attention to the role of social dominance in rodent behaviors, we became interested in the question of whether behavioral outcomes of a mutation differ when mutants are housed in mixed genotype cages, versus housing only

  10. Hot topic: investigating the risk of violative meat residues in bob veal calves fed colostrum from cows treated at dry-off with cephapirin benzathine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hausler, K; Godden, S M; Schneider, M J; Lightfield, A R; Bulthaus, M; Haines, D

    2013-04-01

    The objective was to conduct a study to investigate if violative meat residues are detected in very young bob veal calves that are fed first-milking colostrum harvested from cows that were dry treated, on-label, with cephapirin benzathine. First-milking colostrum was collected from cows that were given intramammary treatment at dry off, on-label, with cephapirin benzathine (ToMORROW, Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica Inc., St. Joseph, MO). Newborn bull calves meeting study inclusion criteria were removed from their dams shortly after birth and before suckling, and assigned to 1 of 2 trials. For the first trial, 6 treated calves were fed 3.8L of fresh maternal colostrum and 1 control calf was fed 1.5 doses of a plasma-derived colostrum replacer (Secure Calf Colostrum Replacer, VitaPlus Inc., Madison, WI) within 1h after birth. For the second trial, 5 treated calves were fed 3.8L of fresh maternal colostrum and 1 control calf was fed 1.5 doses of Secure Calf Colostrum Replacer within 1h after birth. All calves were humanely euthanized at 24h (trial 1) or 48h (trial 2) of age, and tissues were harvested for antimicrobial residue testing. Samples of maternal colostrum and colostrum replacer were also submitted for antimicrobial residue testing. Kidneys collected from all study calves tested negative for cephapirin benzathine residues when using both the KIS assay (Charm Sciences, Lawrence, MA) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis. The potential transfer of cephapirin from cows treated on-label at dry off to calves via colostrum may not be a significant source of cephapirin residues in veal tissues.

  11. Pretty Bird by Bob Sinclair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Recently I was reminded of a story which my mother swears is trus (though she doesn t call me Bobby muchanymore):Back in 1958,when I was just past four years old,my parents gave me a young parakeet.My mother determinedthat our parakeet would learn to talk,and to this end sat at the microphone of a borrowed tape recorder for a full 1/2hour,saying over and over again:“Pretty bird!Pretty bird!Pretty bird!Pretty bird!...”and so on.The resultingtaped message was played for our parakeet at least once pe...

  12. Desenho também é coisa séria: desvelando o "funcionário padrão" da sociedade capitalista moderna no desenho animado bob esponja calça quadrada

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Considerando-se as configurações do mundo do trabalho na sociedade capitalista moderna, incluindo sua centralidade na vida do indivíduo como base da formação identitária dos seres humanos, adotou-se uma abordagem qualitativa para desenvolver um estudo observacional de um ambiente social fictício na animação infantil Bob Esponja Calça Quadrada, desvelando como ela pode representar um “modelo ideal/padrão do bom trabalhador” apresentado para o público infanto-juvenil. Os quatro episódios aqui a...

  13. 从特里克和奥斯特罗姆的异同看公司治理%From the Similarities and Differences between Bob Tricker and E.Ostrom to see Corporate Governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑜; 闻华

    2010-01-01

    @@ 初看特里克(Bob Tricker)与奥斯特罗姆(Elinor Ostrom),这两个人似乎没有什么共性,一个在私域里寻求公司治理的最佳途径,另一个在公域里摸索池塘资源的治理模式,一个具备了英国绅士特有的保守主义,另一个散发着美国平民独具的创新精神.然而正是因为治理理论这一框架,让两人在学术上发生了交集,同属于为寻求利益分割与搭配的耕耘者.

  14. Bob H. Reinhardt: The End of A Global Pox. America and the Eradication of Smallpox in the Cold War Era : The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 2015, 268 pp., Hard cover, Illustrated, Figure, Maps, Table, Notes, Bibliography, Index., $39.95.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imperato, Pascal James

    2017-04-01

    This review examines in detail Bob H. Reinhardt's meticulous analyses of smallpox eradication within the broad context of American liberalism, Cold War politics, and the exercise of technological, medical, and political power on the part of the United States. As a result, his book provides a unique perspective on the eradication of smallpox.

  15. Desenho também é coisa séria – desvelando o “funcionário padrão” da sociedade capitalista moderna no desenho animado bob esponja calça quadrada.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Vinicius de Paula

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Considerando-se as configurações do mundo do trabalho na sociedade capitalista moderna, incluindo sua centralidade na vida do indivíduo como base da formação identitária dos seres humanos, adotou-se uma abordagem qualitativa para desenvolver um estudo observacional de um ambiente social fictício na animação infantil Bob Esponja Calça Quadrada, desvelando como ela pode representar um “modelo ideal/padrão do bom trabalhador” apresentado para o público infanto-juvenil. Os quatro episódios aqui analisados servem de pano de fundo para uma reflexão sobre os relacionamentos organizacionais e as dualidades/contrastes (prazer e sofrimento de percepções e subjetividades presentes nesse contexto. Observa-se, nos episódios analisados, uma dicotomia entre o “bom e o mau trabalhador”. Os episódios retratam o antagonismo na relação com o trabalho do personagem protagonista Bob Esponja (que estabelece uma relação subjetiva positiva e prazerosa com sua atividade de trabalho, mas também alienada e seu antagonista, Lula Molusco (que representa a esfera do sofrimento e da penosidade no trabalho. Os quatro episódios selecionados apresentam elementos essenciais para a compreensão da importância que o trabalho representa na vida dos indivíduos e como se dá essa dinâmica no atual modelo capitalista contemporâneo, pautado no gerencialismo, que valoriza o alto desempenho e transforma o indivíduo em capital que deve ser produtivo a qualquer custo.

  16. Evaluating the Efficacy of Three U.S. Department of Agriculture-Approved Antimicrobial Sprays for Reducing Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Surrogate Populations on Bob Veal Carcasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Effective antimicrobial intervention strategies to reduce Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) risks associated with veal are needed. This study evaluated the efficacy of lactic acid (4.5%, pH 2.0), Citrilow (pH 1.2), and Beefxide (2.25%, pH 2.3) for reducing STEC surrogates on prerigor and chilled bob veal carcasses and monitored the effects of these interventions on chilled carcass color. Dehided bob veal carcasses were inoculated with a five-strain cocktail of rifampin-resistant, surrogate E. coli bacteria.E. coli surrogates were enumerated after inoculation, after water wash, after prechill carcass antimicrobial spray application, after chilling for 24 h, and after postchill carcass antimicrobial spray application; carcass color was measured throughout the process. A standard carcass water wash (∼50°C) reduced the STEC surrogate population by 0.9 log CFU/cm(2) (P ≤ 0.05). All three antimicrobial sprays applied to prerigor carcasses delivered an additional ∼0.5-log reduction (P ≤ 0.05) of the surrogates. Chilling of carcasses for 24 h reduced (P ≤ 0.05) the surrogate population by an additional ∼0.4 log cycles. The postchill application of the antimicrobial sprays provided no further reductions. Carcass L*, a*, and b* color values were not different (P > 0.05) among carcass treatments. Generally, the types and concentrations of the antimicrobial sprays evaluated herein did not negatively impact visual or instrumental color of chilled veal carcasses. This study demonstrates that warm water washing, followed by a prechill spray treatment with a low-pH chemical intervention, can effectively reduce STEC risks associated with veal carcasses; this provides processors a validated control point in slaughter operations.

  17. Ed Watson - 1940-2006

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ed Watson passed away suddenly on 1 August in Geneva, he was 66. He leaves his wife and two children. Ed Watson arrived at CERN in March 1973 to work on digital electronics and CAMAC systems under Bob Dobinson, after many years at Rolls Royce in Scotland. He joined the European Muon Collaboration in 1976, where he played a major role in the design, deployment and running of its data acquisition system (DAQ) with David Botterill, Bob Dobinson, and Vicky White. The CAMAC-ROMULUS system was by far the largest and most advanced of its time, and it became a defining standard for DAQ systems for years to come. Ed was deeply involved in the detailed planning of the control rooms and the experiment cabling, as well as sharing the responsibility for the CAMAC readout system. He had a real talent for trouble shooting and played a vital part in supporting the experiment throughout its lifetime. He offered great moral support to the younger members of the collaboration and helped them a great deal with their work. The...

  18. Ed Watson 1940-2006

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ed Watson arrived at CERN in March 1973 to work on digital electronics and CAMAC systems under Bob Dobinson, after many years at Rolls Royce in Scotland. He joined the European Muon Collaboration in 1976, where he played a major role in the design, deployment and running of its data acquisition system (DAQ) with David Botterill, Bob Dobinson, and Vicky White. The CAMAC-ROMULUS system was by far the largest and most advanced of its time, and it became a defining standard for DAQ systems for years to come. Ed was deeply involved in the detailed planning of the control rooms and the experiment cabling, as well as sharing the responsibility for the CAMAC readout system. He had a real talent for trouble shooting and played a vital part in supporting the experiment throughout its lifetime. He offered great moral support to the younger members of the collaboration and helped them a great deal with their work. The EMC had a wonderful social life to which Ed was a major contributor - who can forget its barbecues?  In...

  19. The complete mitochondrial genomes of deep-sea squid (Bathyteuthis abyssicola), bob-tail squid (Semirossia patagonica) and four giant cuttlefish (Sepia apama, S. latimanus, S. lycidas and S. pharaonis), and their application to the phylogenetic analysis of Decapodiformes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawashima, Yuumi; Nishihara, Hidenori; Akasaki, Tetsuya; Nikaido, Masato; Tsuchiya, Kotaro; Segawa, Susumu; Okada, Norihiro

    2013-12-01

    We determined the complete mitochondrial (mt) genomes of the deep-sea squid (Bathyteuthis abyssicola; supperfamily Bathyteuthoidea), the bob-tail squid (Semirossia patagonica; order Sepiolida) and four giant cuttlefish (Sepia apama, S. latimanus, S. lycidas and S. pharaonis; order Sepiida). The unique structures of the mt genomes of Bathyteuthis and Semirossia provide new information about the evolution of decapodiform mt genomes. We show that the mt genome of B. abyssicola, like those of other oegopsids studied so far, has two long duplicated regions that include seven genes (COX1-3, ATP6 and ATP8, tRNA(Asn), and either ND2 or ND3) and that one of the duplicated COX3 genes has lost its function. The mt genome of S. patagonica is unlike any other decapodiforms and, like Nautilus, its ATP6 and ATP8 genes are not adjacent to each other. The four giant cuttlefish have identical mt gene order to other cuttlefish determined to date. Molecular phylogenetic analyses using maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods suggest that traditional order Sepioidea (Sepiolida+Sepiida) is paraphyletic and Sepia (cuttlefish) has the sister-relationship with all other decapodiforms. Taking both the phylogenetic analyses and the mt gene order analyses into account, it is likely that the octopus-type mt genome is an ancestral state and that it had maintained from at least the Cephalopoda ancestor to the common ancestor of Oegopsida, Myopsida and Sepiolida.

  20. Anna Wintour: The Truth behind the Bob

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kloeppel, Tara

    2011-01-01

    While her occupation, and the stereotypes associated with running a fashion magazine, may not initially seem to be worthy of scholastic attention, careful study of Wintour's influence reveals insight into the rhetorical tactics penetrating fashion culture in America, and perhaps more broadly, pop culture in America.

  1. 她心中的Bob Dylan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成岚

    2006-01-01

    Maria Muldaur是一位70年代当红的节奏蓝调女歌手,同时也涉及美国民谣和传统音乐的领域。她的歌声时而甜美、时而慵懒,非常自在的游移在爵士与蓝调的类型音乐唱法中。出色的真假音切换唱法让人着迷,声音稍带沧桑、沙哑,所以在演唱爵士或者是蓝调乐曲时,特别的有味道。

  2. Murdered to the music of Bob Dylan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodyear, J E

    1989-12-01

    The case described is that of a 50-year-old housewife, a State Registered Nurse, who was kicked to death. Death was caused by penetration of the left ventricle by two fractured ribs, a relatively rare form of fatal injury.

  3. "Vulf, prijatel moi!" / Valeria Bobõljova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bobõljova, Valeria, 1945-

    1999-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Molodjozh Estonii : Russki Potshtaljon, 1998, 16. nov., lk. 8. A. Pushkini suhetest Aleksei Wulfiga ja tema emaga, Trigorskoje mõisa perenaise Praskovja Ossipovaga. A. Wulf õppis a-tel 1822 - 1826 Tartu ülikoolis

  4. Interview with Bob Cousins - Deputy spokesperson CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Audiovisual Service

    2008-01-01

    Q. 1. What has it taken to get the LHC project from its beginnings to the verge of first beams? Q. 2. What can be expected to happen on First Beam Day? Q. 3. What happens next in the story? Q. 4. What does this mean to you personally?

  5. Bob Scott: Tallinn 2011 saab oma preemiaraha kätte / Bob Scott ; intervjueerinud Teele Tammeorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Scott, Bob

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa kultuuripealinnade hindamiskomisjoni esimees räägib oma kohtumisest Tallinna linnapea Edgar Savisaare ja kultuuriministri Laine Jänesega ning sellest, et Tallinnal ja Eestil tuleb lisatoetuse saamiseks saata Euroopa Komisjonile vaid kiri, milles nad kinnitavad, et kultuuripealinna programmi jaoks on raha olemas

  6. Biologia e pesca do camarão sete-barbas Xiphopenaeus kroyeri (Heller (Crustacea, Penaeidae, na Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina, Brasil Fishery and Biology of the sea-bob-shrimp Xiphopenaeus kroyeri (Heller (Crustacea, Penaeidae, at Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim O. Branco

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A pesca artesanal do camarão sete-barbas é denominada "pesca de sol a sol" e realizada em grande escala no litoral brasileiro, apresentando uma significativa importância econômica, histórica, social e cultural. Atualmente, a pesca desse camarão é considerada a de maior interesse econômico e o segundo recurso pesqueiro nas regiões Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. Com o objetivo de estudar a biologia e pesca do camarão sete-barbas na Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha (26º40'-26º47'S e 48º36'-48º38'W, durante o período de agosto de 1996 a julho de 2003 foram realizadas coletas mensais com 30 minutos de duração. Foram registrados o número e a biomassa dos exemplares por arrasto, e entre anos de 1996-1997 e 1999-2001, também foram anotados o sexo, o comprimento e peso total, estádio de maturação. Além dessas informações, entre agosto de 1998 a julho de 1999 foi analisado a dieta natural da espécie. X. kroyeri (Heller, 1862 apresentou comprimento total variando entre 3,0 e 16,0 cm e flutuações sazonais na abundância e biomassa, com as maiores taxas de captura ocorreram durante os meses de verão e outono. A relação peso/comprimento indicou um padrão de crescimento tendendo ao isométrico com tamanho de primeira maturação entre 7,3 a 7,9 cm, alcançados em seis meses de idade. A espécie apresentou dois picos de desova ao longo do ano, sendo que a pesca artesanal vem atuando com maior intensidade sobre o estoque adulto. O espectro trófico foi composto por 30 itens, sendo que os Gammaridae, areia, outros Crustacea e matéria orgânica os elementos básicos na dieta da espécie. Em média, 67,82 barcos atuam durante oito meses por ano na pesca do camarão sete-barbas na Armação do Itapocoroy, podendo capturar em torno de 170 toneladas/ano.The artisanal fishery of the sea-bob-shrimp is known as "sun to sun fishery" and is developed in large scale along the Brazilian coast, playing a significant economic, historical, social and

  7. Análise quali-quantitativa da ictiofauna acompanhante na pesca do camarão sete-barbas, na Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina Quali-quantitative analysis of sea-bob-shrimp's ichthyofauna bycatch, at Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim O. Branco

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available A ictiofauna acompanhante na pesca de camarão sete-barbas foi estudada mensalmente entre agosto 1996 a julho 2003 nas áreas de atuação da pesca artesanal na Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha. Foram utilizadas duas redes-de-arrasto com portas, malha de 3,0 cm na manga e corpo e de 2,0 cm no ensacador, tracionada por baleeira com velocidade média de 2,0 nós. A temperatura e salinidade média da água de fundo mantiveram um padrão uniforme de flutuação sazonal, sem diferença significativa entre os anos de coleta. Das 60 espécies capturadas, 22 foram comuns ao longo do período de coleta. As famílias Sciaenidae, Carangidae e Clupeidae apresentaram o maior número de espécies contribuindo com 92,0% das capturas, onde Stellifer spp., Paralonchurus brasiliensis e Isopisthus parvipinnis foram mais abundantes nas coletas, apresentando ocorrência regular ao longo dos anos. Ocorreram flutuações sazonais na abundância e diversidade da ictiofauna com diferença significativa entre os anos de coleta e biomassa, bem como em número de exemplares. O monitoramento da pesca de arrasto direcionada ao camarão sete-barbas poderá contribuir na manutenção dos estoques e assegurar a subsistência das comunidades tradicionais no litoral catarinense.The ichthyofauna bycatch in sea-bob-shrimp's fishery was monthly studied from August 1996 to July 2003, in the artisanal fishing grounds at Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha. It had been used two net-of-drag with doors, mesh of 3.0 cm in the sleeve and body and of 2.0 cm in the sacker, pushed for whaleboat with average speed of 2.0 km/h. Mean values of bottom water temperature and salinity remained uniform in a seasonal fluctuation, showing no significant differences among the studied years. A total of 60 species were collected, in which 22 were considered common species along the sampled period. Sciaenidae, Carangidae and Clupeidae families presented the highest number of specimens, accounting to 92% of

  8. Portret : dotsh ili mat? / Valeria Bobõleva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bobõljova, Valeria, 1945-

    2003-01-01

    Moskvas Pushkini-nimelises Kujutava Kunsti Muuseumis oleva Henry Francois Viollier (1750-1829) miniatuurmaalist tundmatu autori poolt maalitud koopia atributsioon. Autor jõuab järeldusele, et maalil on Natalja Ivanovna Gontsharova asemel kujutatud Euphrosine Ulrika von Liphart-Posset

  9. 75 FR 16735 - Action Affecting Export Privileges; Bob Rahimzadeh

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    .... 14, 2009)) has continued the Regulations in effect under the International Emergency Economic Powers.... (``Parto Abgardan''), an Iranian company, to arrange for the export of the items to Iran ``via Dubai... I would have no problem getting a container to my place and loading to a steam ship toward...

  10. U.S. Secretary of State applauds Bob Sieck

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    In a firing room in the Launch Control Center, KSC Director of Shuttle Operations Robert B. Sieck (left) is applauded by NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin (center) and U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright for receiving the Distinguished Service Medal (seen around Sieck's neck). Goldin conferred the medal after the successful launch of STS-88, citing Sieck's distinguished service as the Kennedy Space Center launch director and director of Shuttle Processing, outstanding leadership and total dedication to the success of the Space Shuttle Program. The medal is the highest honor NASA gives a government employee.

  11. The Moving Centre of Mass of a Leaking Bob

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arun, P.

    2010-01-01

    The evaluation of variation in the oscillation time period of a simple pendulum as its mass varies proves a rich source of discussion in a physics classroom, overcoming erroneous notions carried forward by students as to what constitutes the pendulum's length, by picking up only the results of approximations and ignoring the rigorous definition.…

  12. Sir Bob Geldof : "Hepatiit on XXI sajandi epideemia" / Silvia Sosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sosaar, Silvia

    2006-01-01

    26. septembril korraldas Maailma Terviseorganisatsioon Kopenhaagenis kolmandat korda Ülemaailmset Hepatiiditeadlikkuse Päeva, mille eesmärk on tõsta inimeste teadlikkust viiruslikust B- ja C-hepatiidist

  13. How Bob Barker Would (Probably) Teach Discrete Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urness, Timothy

    2010-01-01

    This article proposes a discrete mathematics course in which games from "The Price Is Right" are used to engage students in a deeper, practical study of discrete mathematics. The games themselves are not the focus of the course; rather, the mathematical principles of the games give motivation for the concepts being taught. The game examples are…

  14. 水下摩托车Hydrodome BOB

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟合

    2010-01-01

    位于美国佛罗里达州的劳德代尔堡市,有一项有趣刺激的潜水体验活动。参加者可以骑着超酷的潜水摩托车hydrodome bob进行水下探险,不过目前该探险区域主要还是在游泳池内进行。

  15. CERN Technology on Display in Nice

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Bob Dobinson (center) and Brian Martin (right) presenting technology transfer from CERN to indus exhibition in Nice. Nice in November was the scene of the EU sponsored Information Science Technologies, IST2000 exhibition, where CERN was invited to present a stand focussing on the benefits to small companies and start-ups from association with CERN and the IST program. Companies from France, Israel and the UK were featured. Network technology standards that CERN has helped to develop have been adopted by the European Space Agency for use in future space vehicles, and these too were on show. The challenges of data acquisition and data handling for the LHC are not insurmountable, but need to be approached with a combination of advanced technology and close industrial collaboration. One important aspect is that of high speed networking, an important component in both on-line and off-line computing (GRIDs). Real time data acquisition systems for the LHC require networks with high throughput, low latency, high rel...

  16. Quantum key distribution series network protocol with M-classical Bobs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xian-Zhou; Gong Wei-Gui; Tan Yong-Gang; Ren Zhen-Zhong; Guo Xiao-Tian

    2009-01-01

    Secure key distribution among classical parties is impossible both between two parties and in a network. In this paper, we present a quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol to distribute secure key bits among one quantum party and numerous classical parties who have no quantum capacity. We prove that our protocol is completely robust, i.e.,any eavesdropping attack should be detected with nonzero probability. Our calculations show that our protocol may be secure against Eve's symmetrically individual attack.

  17. Wood and Chemistry – or How to Combine Bob Heath's Two Passions into Entomology Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plants generally produce complex mixtures of terpenoids that may differ greatly among species. Terpenoids, such C10 monoterpenes and C15 sesquiterpenes, are known to play an important role in the biology and ecology of plants, directly or indirectly influencing their interactions with their biotic e...

  18. Ööklubi BonBon = BobBon nightclub / Ville Lausmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lausmäe, Ville, 1981-

    2013-01-01

    Ööklubi BonBon (Tallinn, Mere pst. 6E) sisekujundusest. Sisearhitektid Peeter Klaas ja Ville Lausmäe (sisearhitektuuribüroo VLS). Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemiate žürii liikme Tarmo Piirmetsa arvamus

  19. Why do we bob up and down while walking ? : The mystery of antiquity shadow finally deciphered

    OpenAIRE

    Massaad, Firas; Lejeune, Thierry; Detrembleur, Christine

    2008-01-01

    You may find it trivial to move up and down while walking, but this motion is a masterpiece of 4 cm shaped by 7 million years of marriage between smoothness and bounce. This vertical movement, first noticed by Aristotle and now tracked by satellites, is particularly beneficial for loading our muscles to perform a little work efficiently. A lesson on how optimization is a relative success story, and not perfection, is described here

  20. "Bob Dylan and Hip Hop": Intersecting Literacy Practices in Youth Poetry Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jocson, Korina M.

    2006-01-01

    This article builds upon the concept of hybridity to affirm the relevance of poetry, music, and other forms of popular culture in the lives of urban youth. Its focus examines the blending of seemingly disparate forms to understand how young people, in particular young people of color, negotiate their multilayered social worlds. One of these worlds…

  1. Can Alice and Bob be random: a study on human playing zero knowledge protocols

    CERN Document Server

    Kulesza, Kamil

    2007-01-01

    The research described in this abstract was initiated by discussions between the author and Giovanni Di Crescenzo in Barcelona in early 2004. It was during Advanced Course on Contemporary Cryptology that Di Crescenzo gave a course on zero knowledge protocols (ZKP), see [1]. After that course we started to play with unorthodox ideas for breaking ZKP, especially one based on graph 3-coloring. It was chosen for investigation because it is being considered as a "benchmark" ZKP, see [2], [3]. At this point we briefly recall such a protocol's description.

  2. Bob McEwen Treatment Plant Data (support ECM) and Water Quality Translation Data (support PDL)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Worksheet titled Data for ECM: Data set used to estimate the error correction model to understand how turbidity and other variables affect drinking water treatment...

  3. Vocal Performance and Speech Intonation: Bob Dylan’s “Like a Rolling Stone”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Daley

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a linguistic analysis of a recorded performance of a single verse of one of Dylan’s most popular songs—the originally released studio recording of “Like A Rolling Stone”—and describes more specifically the ways in which intonation relates to lyrics and performance. This analysis is used as source material for a close reading of the semantic, affective, and “playful” meanings of the performance, and is compared with some published accounts of the song’s reception. The author has drawn on the linguistic methodology formulated by Michael Halliday, who has found speech intonation (which includes pitch movement, timbre, syllabic rhythm, and loudness to be an integral part of English grammar and crucial to the transmission of certain kinds of meaning. Speech intonation is a deeply-rooted and powerfully meaningful aspect of human communication. This article argues that is plausible that a system so powerful in speech might have some bearing on the communication of meaning in sung performance.

  4. Bob and Jane go to Argentina: The Ethics of Cross-Border Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams-Jones, Bryn

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This case study presents the story of a typical North American couple searching for fertility treatments on the Internet. This search leads to sites of clinics in other countries, which gets them thinking about traveling abroad for medical services – also known as medical tourism.

  5. What Does Batman Think about SpongeBob? Children's Understanding of the Fantasy/Fantasy Distinction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skolnick, Deena; Bloom, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Young children reliably distinguish reality from fantasy; they know that their friends are real and that Batman is not. But it is an open question whether they appreciate, as adults do, that there are multiple fantasy worlds. We test this by asking children and adults about fictional characters' beliefs about other characters who exist either…

  6. ADVENTURES OF THE MIND (WIT AND WISDOM WITH BOB)--DEATH%心路历程--逝

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ We are what survives of us. Dear Friends, My past columns have concerned various aspects of life. This is because life is common to all of us. Life is what we experience every minute of every day. It may be hard for some to accept, but there is something else that we all share in common regardless(不管,不顾) of where we live or what we believe. Each of us is perishable(容易腐烂的). Our lives will terminate(停止,终结) in dying.

  7. Hiina teeb, mida Maailmapank ja Bob Geldof pole suutnud / Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirnask, Villu, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Hiina toorainenõudlus on tinginud maavarade poolest rikka Aafrika majanduse kasvu. Lisa: Aafrika varud. Kaardid: Kui palju teenivad Hiina linnaelanikud?; Hiina maailmakaardil. Diagramm: Majanduskasv 2006-2020

  8. Décès - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Nous avons le regret d'annoncer le décès de Monsieur Robert DOBINSON survenu le 19.02.2004. M. Robert Dobinson, né le 19.06.1943, travaillait au Département PH et était au Cern depuis le 23.06.1971. Le Directeur général a envoyé un message de condoléances à sa famille de la part du personnel du CERN. Affaires sociales Département des Ressources humaines

  9. Adventures of the Mind Wit and Wisdom with Bob Marriage%心路历程--婚姻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Dear Friends, "Marriage" is one of the most complexarrangements that exists in the modern world. It iscommon everywhere. It differs from country to country.Within each country it takes different forms. No twomarriages are exactly alike. Some marriages are theresult of romantic courtships. Other marriages arearranged by parents. Still others are set by tradition orconvenience. Most marriages are between a male and afemale,a husband and a wife. Recently,some marriagesare being sanctioned between two persons of the samegender. These are referred to as "same sex marriages".Insome societies,a man is allowed to be wed to more thanone woman at the same time. This is called"polygamy".

  10. 进口螺杆压缩机齿轮箱BOB-1101国产化改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈国峰; 王琦

    2013-01-01

    基于压缩机齿轮箱运行与噪声和振动异常检测,对箱体检测及齿轮箱齿轮强度校核,作为技术改造可行性分析的内容之一。国产化扩替代试验结果表明,齿轮箱重新改造设计中,一是改进齿轮箱箱体制造工艺,二是对齿轮箱齿轮安装形式进行调整,从而实现增速箱的改造目标。

  11. Rock Living Fossils,Bob Dylan%摇滚乐“活化石”鲍勃·迪伦

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    他在披头士、猫王出名前就很有名了,他对摇滚乐的改革也同样有着不容小觑的功劳他的经典之作《随风飘荡》(blowing in the wind)被誉为“殿堂级”神作……在如今尚还在世的摇滚乐,民谣音乐先驱之中,没有谁会比鲍勃·迪伦拥有更高的地位和意义被称为乐坛“活化石”的鲍勃·迪伦在某种程度上,代表的并不仅仅是那个时代的摇滚精神社会力量,不仅仅是一名拥有着庞大驱动力和内心世界的强者,还是一名用音乐见证和记录这个时代的伟人.迪伦七十高龄也没有停下脚步,一直抱着年轻时“在路上”的梦想,从“61号公路”向我们走来.

  12. BoB: Best of Both in Compiler Construction Bottom-up Parsing with Top-down Semantic Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Dichler

    Full Text Available Compilers typically use either a top-down or a bottom-up strategy for parsing as well as semantic evaluation. Both strategies have advantages and disadvantages: bottom-up parsing supports LR(k grammars but is limited to S- or LR-attribution while top-dow ...

  13. Alice Meets Bob: A Comparative Usability Study of Wireless Device Pairing Methods for a "Two-User" Setting

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Arun; Uzun, Ersin

    2009-01-01

    When users want to establish wireless communication between/among their devices, the channel has to be bootstrapped first. To prevent any malicious control of or eavesdropping over the communication, the channel is desired to be authenticated and confidential. The process of setting up a secure communication channel between two previously unassociated devices is referred to as "Secure Device Pairing". When there is no prior security context, e.g., shared secrets, common key servers or public key certificates, device pairing requires user involvement into the process. The idea usually involves leveraging an auxiliary human-perceptible channel to authenticate the data exchanged over the insecure wireless channel. We observe that the focus of prior research has mostly been limited to pairing scenarios where a single user controls both the devices. In this paper, we consider more general and emerging "two-user" scenarios, where two different users establish pairing between their respective devices. Although a num...

  14. ADVENTURES OF THE MIND (WIT AND WISDOM WITH BOB)-Problem%心路历程-问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ PROBLEMS ARE AS NECESSARY AS AIR Dear Friends, This column, the ninth in our series, deals with Problems. These should be familiar to all of us. Problems are important ingredients1 in our existence. If there were no problems,every day would end at the moment we awake in the morning. There would be no meal times, no work times, no leisure time2. Problems provide the stimulin3 that add substance and excitement to our lives.

  15. Working to Design: The Self-Perpetuating Ideology of Rock or ... ‘The New Bob Dylan’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Scannell

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This premise of this article is that music and the writing process have no inherent kinship, and that the often ill-conceived merger of these activities as the “music writing” process, is generally destined for failure. That is because writing about music subsumes its affective power into a foreign modality; it is captured and rendered into the printed word, made to signify, made to represent something, where that something is generally resolved within the presuppositions of the writers’ often-limited referential framework. At the heart of the matter is that writing about music often does not attempt to capture the affective processes that inspired creation in the first place, and in this respect, the paper argues that it may be more appropriate for the music writer/journalist to respond in kind, or as Deleuze and Guattari might say, that the music writing process should pursue a ‘becoming-music’ itself. For rather than subjecting music to the realm of representation, or subsuming its creative power within the realm of opinion and cliché, the writer should instead be concerned with harnessing and re-channelling those forces of sensation or affect that gave rise to it in the first place, and which might, in turn, inspire a literary creativity that is commensurate to the power of the music at hand.

  16. Water Quality Management Studies. Postimpoundment Study of R.E. ’Bob’ Woodruff Lake, Alabama River, Alabama.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-01

    Protozoa (8 genera), insecta (6 orders), Annelida (2 families), Bryozoa, Tardigrada , Nematoda, Coelenterata, Mollosca, Ostracoda, and Acarina. During the...0.04 0.06 IV - - -- - V----- T richoptera I - - -- El -0.03 0.02- 111 0.04---- IV ----- Tardigrada I - - --- 11 0.02 0.06 0.02- III ---- II *Sample not... Tardigrada I---- IV----- 362 -rr.~~~~~~~~~~r,~~1 M.w r r ~ f p . , . - .- t- . C. .r" WC - 7,7 .F .- 7, 7 - M - - p . Table B-4.--Continued Stat

  17. Rethinking Sponge Bob and Ninja Turtles: Popular Culture as Funds of Knowledge for Curriculum Co-Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedges, Helen

    2011-01-01

    Children's interest in popular culture was clear in my study of interests-based curriculum. Yet, perhaps unsurprisingly, it was a contentious site of curriculum co-construction. This article explores this tension. It argues that interpreting popular culture as "funds of knowledge" might assist teachers to consider a different view of this interest…

  18. 心路历程--关于爱情%ADVENTURES OF THE MIND (WIT AND WISDOM WTTH BOB)-Love

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Robert S.Herman

    2003-01-01

    @@ Dear Friends, I recently learned that February 14th is celebrated in China as qing ren jie. In America we call this Valentine's Day and dedicate it to romantic love. Because of this I have been asked to devote this month's column to Love. This is a very complicated subject, and not easy to write about. There are no experts. Terms are ambiguous, and there are wide cultural differences in our approach to the subject of Love.

  19. ADVENTURES OF THE MIND WIT AND WISDOM WITH BOB--Advice%心路历程--建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dr.Robert S.Herman

    2003-01-01

    @@ The best things may not be things. Dear Friends, Giving advice is one of the most popular pastimes known to mankind. Everyone has some advice to give to everyone else. It is easier to give advice than it is to take advice. Most of us have been given more advice than we can possibly use.

  20. Seismic Imaging and Inversion: Application of Linear Theory (2012), Cambridge University Press, co-authored with Bob Stolt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weglein, Arthur B.; Stolt, Bob H.

    2012-03-01

    Extracting information from seismic data requires knowledge of seismic wave propagation and reflection. The commonly used method involves solving linearly for a reflectivity at every point within the Earth, but this book follows an alternative approach which invokes inverse scattering theory. By developing the theory of seismic imaging from basic principles, the authors relate the different models of seismic propagation, reflection and imaging - thus providing links to reflectivity-based imaging on the one hand and to nonlinear seismic inversion on the other. The comprehensive and physically complete linear imaging foundation developed presents new results at the leading edge of seismic processing for target location and identification. This book serves as a fundamental guide to seismic imaging principles and algorithms and their foundation in inverse scattering theory and is a valuable resource for working geoscientists, scientific programmers and theoretical physicists.

  1. Versatility of continuous-variable asymmetric tripartite entanglement allows Alice and Clare to keep secrets from Bob

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, M. K.; Cavalcanti, E. G.

    2016-07-01

    The fully symmetric Gaussian tripartite entangled pure states will not exhibit two-mode Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering. This means that any two participants cannot share quantum secrets using the security of one-sided device independent quantum key distribution (1SDI-QKD) without involving the third. They are restricted at most to standard quantum key distribution, which is less secure. Here we demonstrate an asymmetric tripartite system that can exhibit bipartite EPR steering, so that two of the participants can use 1SDI-QKD without involving the other. This is possible because the promiscuity relations of continuous-variable tripartite entanglement are different from those of discrete-variable systems. We analyze these properties for two different systems, showing that the asymmetric system exhibits practical properties not found in the symmetric one.

  2. Management of Barrett esophagus: a practical guide for clinicians based on the BADCAT and BoB CAT recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jankowski, Jakob; Bennett, Cathy; Jankowski, Janusz A

    2015-01-01

    We undertook two of the largest evidence-based reviews in clinical medicine to assess the rationale for the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease, Barrett esophagus (BE), dysplasia, and early invasive esophageal adenocarcinoma. These reviews involved over 150 world experts in 4 continents, and over 20 000 papers were assessed. Quality assessment of the publications was made using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation, and of over 240 questions formulated, we were able to answer 30% with an agreement of at least 80%. We agreed on a unique global definition of BE meaning that the presence both of hiatus hernia endoscopically and of intestinal metaplasia histologically should be noted. In addition, we devised an escalation and deescalation pathway for the management of esophagitis, metaplasia, dysplasia, and adenocarcinoma sequence. Endoscopic resection (ER) is recommended for visible mucosal lesions. Moreover, we endorsed the early use of ablation therapy for persistent dysplasia of any degree. In this regard, ER may be both diagnostic and therapeutic and may be sufficient even in early mucosal lesions (T1m). In conclusion, fewer people should be surveyed but those that do will require more detailed mapping and endoscopic interventions than currently. In addition, patients accumulating other potentially life-threaten-ing comorbidities should be offered cessation of surveillance. In the future, chemoprevention may be the game-changing solution but results from large randomized trials, including AspECT and BOSS, are awaited.

  3. B fields in OB stars (BOB): The magnetic triple stellar system HD 164492C in the Trifid nebula

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, J. F.; Hubrig, S.; Przybilla, N.; Carroll, T.; Nieva, M.-F.; Ilyin, I.; Järvinen, S.; Morel, T.; Schöller, M.; Castro, N.; Barbá, R.; de Koter, A.; Schneider, F. R. N.; Kholtygin, A.; Butler, K.; Veramendi, M. E.; Langer, N.; BOB Collaboration

    2017-01-01

    HD 164492C is a spectroscopic triple stellar system that has been recently detected to possess a strong magnetic field. We have obtained high-resolution spectroscopic and spectropolarimetric observations over a timespan of two years and derived physical, chemical, and magnetic properties for this object. The system is formed by an eccentric close spectroscopic binary (Ca1-Ca2) with a period of 12.5 days, and a massive tertiary Cb. We calculated the orbital parameters of the close pair, reconstructed the spectra of the three components, and determined atmospheric parameters and chemical abundances by spectral synthesis. From spectropolarimetric observations, multi-epoch measurements of the longitudinal magnetic fields were obtained. The magnetic field is strongly variable on timescales of a few days, with a most probable period in the range of 1.4-1.6 days. Star Cb with Teff ˜ 25 000 K is the apparently fastest rotator and the most massive star of this triple system and has anomalous chemical abundances with a marked overabundance of helium, 0.35±0.04 by number. We identified this star as being responsible for the observed magnetic field, although the presence of magnetic fields in the components of the Ca pair cannot be excluded. Star Ca1 with a temperature of about 24 000 K presents a normal chemical pattern, while the least massive star Ca2 is a mid-B type star (Teff ˜ 15 000 K) with an overabundance of silicon. The obtained stellar parameters of the system components suggest a distance of 1.5 kpc and an age of 10-15 Myr.

  4. Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a neoplasm and consequently its recurrence is a relapse: In memory of Bob Arceci.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egeler, R Maarten; Katewa, Satyendra; Leenen, Pieter J M; Beverley, Peter; Collin, Matthew; Ginhoux, Florent; Arceci, Robert J; Rollins, Barrett J

    2016-10-01

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) remains a poorly understood disorder with heterogeneous clinical presentations characterized by focal or disseminated lesions that contain excessive CD1a+ langerin+ cells with dendritic cell features known as "LCH cells." Two of the major questions investigated over the past century have been (i) the origin of LCH cells and (ii) whether LCH is primarily an immune dysregulatory disorder or a neoplasm. Current opinion is that LCH cells are likely to arise from hematopoietic precursor cells, although the stage of derailment and site of transformation remain unclear and may vary in patients with different extent of disease. Over the years, evidence has provided the view that LCH is a neoplasm. The demonstration of clonality of LCH cells, insufficient evidence alone for neoplasia, is now bolstered by finding driver somatic mutations in BRAF in up to 55% of patients with LCH, and activation of the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK (where MEK and ERK are mitogen-activated protein kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase, respectively) pathway in nearly 100% of patients with LCH. Herein, we review the evidence that recurrent genetic abnormalities characterized by activating oncogenic mutations should satisfy prerequisites for LCH to be called a neoplasm. As a consequence, recurrent episodes of LCH should be considered relapsed disease rather than disease reactivation. Mapping the complete genetic landscape of this intriguing disease will provide additional support for the conclusion that LCH is a neoplasm and is likely to provide more potential opportunities for molecularly targeted therapies.

  5. Adventures in Fruit Fly Attractants – Multiple Phases of Bob Heath’s Research to Develop the Food-based Attractant for Tropical Tephritids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Research was initiated in 1991 to develop a dry trap with female-targeted synthetic attractant for tropical tephritids to replace glass McPhail traps and liquid protein baits that had been the standard for over thirty years. Both the male-produced pheromone and the liquid protein baits were to be e...

  6. B fields in OB stars (BOB): Detection of a magnetic field in the He-strong star CPD-57{\\deg} 3509

    CERN Document Server

    Przybilla, N; Hubrig, S; Nieva, M -F; Järvinen, S P; Castro, N; Schöller, M; Ilyin, I; Butler, K; Schneider, F R N; Oskinova, L M; Morel, T; Langer, N; de Koter, A

    2016-01-01

    We report the detection of a magnetic field in the helium-strong star CPD-57 3509 (B2 IV), a member of the Galactic open cluster NGC3293, and characterise the star's atmospheric and fundamental parameters. Spectropolarimetric observations with FORS2 and HARPSpol are analysed using two independent approaches to quantify the magnetic field strength. A high-S/N FLAMES/GIRAFFE spectrum is analysed using a hybrid non-LTE model atmosphere technique. Comparison with stellar evolution models constrains the fundamental parameters of the star. We obtain a firm detection of a surface averaged longitudinal magnetic field with a maximum amplitude of about 1 kG. Assuming a dipolar configuration of the magnetic field, this implies a dipolar field strength larger than 3.3 kG. Moreover, the large amplitude and fast variation (within about 1 day) of the longitudinal magnetic field implies that CPD-57 3509 is spinning very fast despite its apparently slow projected rotational velocity. The star should be able to support a centr...

  7. An Interpretation of Bob Dylan as a Cultural-Music Code%对鲍勃·迪伦音乐文化符号的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丛梅; 李悦

    2010-01-01

    在美国上世纪60年代这个充满变革的时代中,弄潮儿鲍勃·迪伦以民谣歌手出道,以摇滚乐的一代巨星为人们所认识.鲍勃的音乐既有深深的时代文化烙印,也为美国文化的发展飘扬起了鲜明的旗帜,引领了一代年轻人.

  8. Health workforce changes and the roles of information technology associated with these changes. "The Times They Are A-Changin' " (Bob Dylan, 1964).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannan, T; Brooks, P

    2012-06-01

    Healthcare is considered a service profession and most of what clinicians do is manage information. Thus, information is not a necessary adjunct to care. It is care and effective patient management that require effective management of patients' clinical data. This perspective is supported by the World Health Organisation in its use of the quotation from Gonzalo Vecina Neto, head of the Brazilian National Health Regulatory Agency, 'There is no health without management, and there is no management without information'. This opinion paper discusses how traditional clinical decision-making led 'by the doctor' is unsustainable in the modern era and how e-technologies will facilitate distributed effective decision-making and new divisions of labour across the health workforce.

  9. BOB CAT: A Large-Scale Review and Delphi Consensus for Management of Barrett's Esophagus With No Dysplasia, Indefinite for, or Low-Grade Dysplasia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bennett, C.; Moayyedi, P.; Corley, D.A.; DeCaestecker, J.; Falck-Ytter, Y.; Falk, G.; Vakil, N.; Sanders, S.; Vieth, M.; Inadomi, J.; Aldulaimi, D.; Ho, K.Y.; Odze, R.; Meltzer, S.J.; Quigley, E.; Gittens, S.; Watson, P.; Zaninotto, G.; Iyer, P.G.; Alexandre, L.; Ang, Y.; Callaghan, J.; Harrison, R.; Singh, R.; Bhandari, P.; Bisschops, R.; Geramizadeh, B.; Kaye, P.; Krishnadath, S.; Fennerty, M.B.; Manner, H.; Nason, K.S.; Pech, O.; Konda, V.; Ragunath, K.; Rahman, I.; Romero, Y.; Sampliner, R.; Siersema, P.D.; Tack, J.; Tham, T.C.; Trudgill, N.; Weinberg, D.S.; Wang, J; Wang, K.; Wong, J.Y.; Attwood, S.; Malfertheiner, P.; MacDonald, D.; Barr, H.; Ferguson, M.K.; Jankowski, J.

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a common premalignant lesion for which surveillance is recommended. This strategy is limited by considerable variations in clinical practice. We conducted an international, multidisciplinary, systematic search and evidence-based review of BE and provided conse

  10. Water Quality Management Studies, Alabama River, R. E. ’Bob’ Woodruff, William ’Bill’ Dannelly and Claiborne Lakes - August-December 1977.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    Oedogoniales - IOedogoniaceae Oedogonium I ...... II 0.29 - 0.01 0.05 - - 1II 0.09 - - - 0.04 0.18 Volvocales Volvocaceae Gonium 1 - 0.15 - 0.18...0.11 II 0.31 - 0.53 0.08 0.06 0.31 IIl - - - 0.04 0.05 - Mougeotia I .- -. III ...... - Zygonema I .... Oedogoniales Oedogoniaceae Oedogonium I .... II...0.33 Zygonema - - - - - II -......- IIl ...... - Oedogoniales Oedogoniaceae Oedogonium I ..... II .....-- III ... - Volvocales Volvocaceae Gonium I

  11. Concrete poetry in England and Scotland 1962-75: Ian Hamilton Finlay, Edwin Morgan, Dom Sylvester Houédard and Bob Cobbing

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas, Gregory Charles

    2013-01-01

    This thesis examines concrete poetry in England and Scotland from 1962 to 1975. Through the 1950s-70s, international concrete poetry evolved away from constructivist influenced, “classical” ideals of minimalism and iconic visual effect towards principles owing more to Dadaism and Futurism: spontaneity, maximalism, sonority and an emphasis on intermedial expression. Against this backdrop, using close textual analysis supported by primary research, I engage with four poets whose ...

  12. B fields in OB stars (BOB): FORS2 spectropolarimetric follow-up of the two rare rigidly rotating magnetosphere stars HD23478 and HD345439

    CERN Document Server

    Hubrig, S; Fossati, L; Morel, T; Castro, N; Oskinova, L M; Przybilla, N; Eikenberry, S S; Nieva, M F; Langer, N

    2015-01-01

    Massive B-type stars with strong magnetic fields and fast rotation are very rare and provide a mystery for theories of both star formation and magnetic field evolution. Only two such stars, called sigma Ori E analogs, were previously known. Recently, a team involved in APOGEE, one of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III programs, announced the discovery of two additional rigidly rotating magnetosphere stars, HD23478 and HD345439. The presence of magnetic fields in these newly discovered sigma Ori E analogs was not investigated in the past. In the framework of our ESO Large Programme, and one normal ESO programme, we carried out low-resolution FORS2 spectropolarimetric observations of HD23478 and HD345439. From the measurements using hydrogen lines, we discover a rather strong longitudinal magnetic field of the order of up to 1.5kG in HD23478, and up to 1.3kG using the entire spectrum. The analysis of HD345439 using four subsequent spectropolarimetric subexposures does not reveal the presence of a magnetic field a...

  13. B fields in OB stars (BOB): FORS 2 spectropolarimetric follow-up of the two rare rigidly rotating magnetosphere stars HD 23478 and HD 345439

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubrig, S.; Schöller, M.; Fossati, L.; Morel, T.; Castro, N.; Oskinova, L. M.; Przybilla, N.; Eikenberry, S. S.; Nieva, M.-F.; Langer, N.

    2015-06-01

    Aims: Massive B-type stars with strong magnetic fields and fast rotation are very rare and pose a mystery for theories of star formation and magnetic field evolution. Only two such stars, called σ Ori E analogues, were known until recently. A team involved in APOGEE, one of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III programs, announced the discovery of two additional rigidly rotating magnetosphere stars, HD 23478 and HD 345439. The magnetic fields in these newly discovered σ Ori E analogues have not been investigated so far. Methods: In the framework of our ESO Large Programme and one normal ESO programme, we carried out low-resolution FORS 2 spectropolarimetric observations of HD 23478 and HD 345439. Results: In the measurements of hydrogen lines, we discover a rather strong longitudinal magnetic field of up to 1.5 kG in HD 23478 and up to 1.3 kG using the entire spectrum. The analysis of HD 345439 using four subsequent spectropolarimetric subexposures does not reveal a magnetic field at a significance level of 3σ. On the other hand, individual subexposures indicate that HD 345439 may host a strong magnetic field that rapidly varies over 88 min. The fast rotation of HD 345439 is also indicated by the behaviour of several metallic and He i lines in the low-resolution FORS 2 spectra that show profile variations already on this short time-scale. Based on observations obtained in the framework of the ESO Prgs. 191.D-0255(E) and 094.D-0355(B).Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

  14. 主机气缸油在线调和技术应用分析%Application of BOB Technology for Main Engine Cylinder Oil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙化栋

    2015-01-01

    介绍了主机气缸油在线调和技术(BOB技术)产生的背景,BOB系统的主要组成及BOB技术的使用特点及优势.结合中远亚洲轮的应用情况对BOB技术经济性进行了分析,分析表明:BOB技术在节能和环保方面具有突出优势.

  15. B field in OB stars (BOB): The outstandingly strong magnetic field in the evolved He-strong star CPD -62° 2124

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, N.; Fossati, L.; Hubrig, S.; Järvinen, S. P.; Przybilla, N.; Nieva, M.-F.; Ilyin, I.; Carroll, T. A.; Schöller, M.; Langer, N.; Schneider, F. R. N.; Simón-Díaz, S.; Morel, T.; Butler, K.; BOB Collaboration

    2017-01-01

    The origin and evolution of magnetism in OB stars is far from being well understood. With approximately 70 magnetic OB stars known, any new object with unusual characteristics may turn out to be a key piece of the puzzle. We report the detection of an exceptionally strong magnetic field in the He-strong B2IV star CPD -62° 2124. Spectropolarimetric FORS2 and HARPSpol observations were analysed by two independent teams and procedures, concluding on a strong longitudinal magnetic field of approximately 5.2 kG. The quantitative characterisation of the stellar atmosphere yields an effective temperature of 23 650 ± 250 K, a surface gravity of 3.95 ± 0.10 dex and a surface helium fraction of 0.35 ± 0.02 by number. The metal composition is in agreement with the cosmic abundance standard, except for Mg, Si and S, which are slightly non-solar. The strong and broad ( 300 km s-1) disc-like emission displayed by the Hα line suggests a centrifugal magnetosphere supported by the strong magnetic field. Our results imply that CPD -62° 2124 is an early B-type star hosting one of the strongest magnetic fields discovered to date, and one of the most evolved He-strong stars known, with a fractional main-sequence lifetime of approximately 0.6. Based on observations made with ESO telescopes at the La Silla and Paranal observatories under programme ID 191.D-0255(G,I).

  16. B fields in OB stars (BOB): Detection of a strong magnetic field in the O9.7 V star HD54879

    CERN Document Server

    Castro, N; Hubrig, S; Simón-Díaz, S; Schöller, M; Ilyin, I; Carrol, T A; Langer, N; Morel, T; Schneider, F R N; Przybilla, N; Herrero, A; de Koter, A; Oskinova, L M; Reisenegger, A; Sana, H

    2015-01-01

    The number of magnetic stars detected among massive stars is small; nevertheless, the role played by the magnetic field in stellar evolution cannot be disregarded. Links between line profile variability, enhancements/depletions of surface chemical abundances, and magnetic fields have been identified for low-mass B-stars, but for the O-type domain this is almost unexplored. Based on FORS2 and HARPS spectropolarimetric data, we present the first detection of a magnetic field in HD54879, a single slowly rotating O9.7 V star. Using two independent and different techniques we obtained the firm detection of a surface average longitudinal magnetic field with a maximum amplitude of about 600 G, in modulus. A quantitative spectroscopic analysis of the star with the stellar atmosphere code FASTWIND results in an effective temperature and a surface gravity of 33000$\\pm1000$ K and 4.0$\\pm0.1$ dex. The abundances of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, silicon, and magnesium are found to be slightly lower than solar, but compatible ...

  17. Evaluating the efficacy of three USDA-approved antimicrobial sprays for reducing surrogate Shiga toxin-producing cells of "Escherichia coli on bob veal carcasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) have recently been recognized as a problem for the veal industry, suggesting the need for effective antimicrobial intervention strategies throughout processing. Therefore, we evaluated the efficacy of lactic acid (4.5%), Citrilow™ (pH 1.2), and Beefxide®...

  18. Epohhi looja jõuab Eestisse / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Ameerika lauljast ja heliloojast Bob Dylanist (kontsert 4. juunil Tallinnas Saku Suurhallis). Kinos Sõprus esilinastuvast Bob Dylani elust ja muusikast inspireeritud mängufilmist "Kus on Bob Dylan?"

  19. 我与中国有个约会--专访泰克亚太区销售及销售运营副总裁Bob Agnes%The interview of Tektronix's VP of Asia Pacific sales and sales operations ,Bob Agnes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙俊杰

    2006-01-01

    @@ 自从泰克1983年进入中国,到今天已经有20多年的时间.在此期间,泰克的市场占有率持续上升.泰克逻辑分析仪在2004年占全球销售的50%以上,成为该产品的市场领导者;

  20. PCB-Based Break-Out Box

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jason H.

    2011-01-01

    Break-out boxes (BOBs) are necessary for all electrical integration/cable checkouts and troubleshooting. Because the price of a BOB is high, and no work can be done without one, often the procedure stops, simply waiting for a BOB. A less expensive BOB would take less time in the integration, testing, and troubleshooting process. The PCB-based BOB works and looks the same as a standard JPL BOB, called Gold Boxes. The only differences between the old BOB and the new PCB-based BOB is that the new one has 80 percent of its circuitry in a printed circuit board. This process reduces the time for fabrication, thus making the BOBs less expensive. Moreover, because of its unique design, the new BOBs can be easily assembled and fixed. About 80 percent of the new PCB-based BOB is in a $22 (at the time of this reporting) custom-designed, yet commercially available PCB. This device has been used successfully to verify that BOB cables were properly made. Also, upon completion, the BOB was beeped out via a multimeter to ensure that all sockets on the connectors were properly connected to the respective banana jack. When compared to the Gold Box BOBs, the new BOB has many advantages. It is much more cost efficient, it delivers equal usability at substantially lower cost of the BOB, and the Gold Box is much heavier when compared to the new BOB. The new BOB is also a bit longer and much more versatile in that connectors are easily changeable and if a banana jack is broken, it can be replaced instead of throwing away an entire BOB.

  1. The stars hang down over the great emptiness of the level plain, and the moon bobs on the running waters of the Great River: thirty years of New Era research on the essay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Jianhui; Sima Xiaowen

    2010-01-01

    新时期以来的散文研究已走过了30年的历程。由于种种原因,散文研究一直受到轻视和责难。本文从作家作品研究、专题性研究、散文史建设和散文理论建构诸方面,对30年来散文研究进行了全面系统的梳理和评析,并追寻散文研究长期被冷落的原因。文章认为21世纪的散文研究要走向深入和阔大,必须从三方面用力:其一是要建立现代意识的散文批评视野;其二是“化西方”与“中国化”;其三是思维方式与研究方法的改变。这三方面不但是认识和解决当代散文问题的重要维度,而且对散文研究具有方法论的意义。

  2. Descartes da pesca do camarão sete-barbas como fonte de alimento para aves marinhas Sea-bob-shrimp fishery's by-catch as a feeding source for seabirds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available From July 1996 to June 1997, in Armação do Itapocoroy, Penha, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, monthly census were done in three areas of traditional fishery and Itacolomis islands. A total of 10021 seabirds were registered, belonging to eight species, five genus and four families. The average number of seabirds per dragging varied between 80,2 and 113,6. Sterna spp, appeared at first in 43,3% of the released by-catch, followed by Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein, 1823, Fregata magnificens Matheus, 1914, Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Humboldt, 1805 and Sula leucogaster Boddaert, 1783. The average size of the fish consumed by the seabirds oscillated from 8,3 cm (Sterna spp. to 18,5 cm (F. magnificens, with an average time from 6,12 to 7,55 minutes per by-catch released. In general, seabirds use 84,0% of the by-catch fish as a feeding source.

  3. Roles de género en series de animación infantil. Análisis cuantitativo y estudio de casos: Bob Esponja, Ben 10 y Phineas y Ferb

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Como continuacion de una linea de investigación que hemos venido desarrollando los últimos años, en este trabajo nos planteamos analizar los y las protagonistas en las series de animación emitidas especificamente para el público infantil. Partimos de un análisis cuantitativo de la programación de los tres canales en abierto que tienen como objetivo el público infantil. A partir de los resultados, elegimos tres series representativas, una de cada canal y hacemos un análisis cualitativo de los ...

  4. Om beatlitteraturens repræsentationer af jazz: Bidrag til en rekonstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Fabian

    2004-01-01

    Jazz, rock, litteratur, populærkultur, raceidentitet, kulturteori, beargenerationen, Jack Kerouac, Charlie Parker, Bob Dylan......Jazz, rock, litteratur, populærkultur, raceidentitet, kulturteori, beargenerationen, Jack Kerouac, Charlie Parker, Bob Dylan...

  5. Improvement in Space Food Packaging Methods Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Space Food Systems Laboratory's (SFSL) current Bulk Overwrap Bag (BOB) package, while simple and effective, leaves room for improvement. Currently, BOBs are...

  6. Echoes of Revolution: Iran’s Path into the Modern World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-01

    rule, the communists could best provide impetus and momentum for Bob Dylan , "Chimes of Freedom," on Another Side of Bob Dylan , (Columbia Records...Egypt, Iran, and Lebanon, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993 Dylan , Bob , "Chimes of Freedom," on Another Side of Bob Dylan , Columbia...1964). Dylan is actually referencing a celebration in Philadelphia during which the "shadows" of tolling bells long ended remained with the crowd for

  7. Military Chaplains and Joint Professional Military Education: Why am I Here?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-06

    24 iv 1 Introduction Bob Dylan was right. “Times … they are a changin.’”1 Incremental, yet dramatic winds of change...NOTES 1. Bob Dylan , “The Times They Are A Changin’,” (recording, Bob Dylan’s Greatest Hits, Columbia...Job: Director General Joint Doctrine and Concepts.” RUSI Journal 145, no. 2 (April 2000): 15-19. Dylan , Bob . “Times They Are A Changin

  8. Public-Key Encryption with Delegated Search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ibraimi, Luan; Nikova, Svetla; Hartel, Pieter; Jonker, Willem

    2011-01-01

    In public-key setting, Alice encrypts email with public key of Bob, so that only Bob will be able to learn contents of email. Consider scenario when computer of Alice is infected and unbeknown to Alice it also embeds malware into message. Bob's company, Carol, cannot scan his email for mali

  9. CPK鉴别协议(v1.0)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ 在CPK体制中,实体标识AliceID和BobID的公钥是标识映射到参教以T={a,b,G,P,n}定义的椭圆曲线E:y2=x3+ax+b(modp)上的点ALICE和BOB,任何人都可以计算,如果整数alice和bob分别满足ALICE=(alice)G,BOB=(bob)G,那么alice和bob是私钥,私钥由密钥管理中心(KMC)生成,并记入ID-card.

  10. Quantum Information Splitting of Arbitrary Three-qubit State by Using Five-qubit Cluster state and GHZ-state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Aihan; Wang, Jiwei

    2016-12-01

    In this paper, a new scheme of quantum information splitting (8QIS) by using five-qubit state and GHZ-state as quantum channel is proposed. The sender Alice performs Bell-state measurements (BSMs) on her qubit-pairs respectively,then tells her measurement result to the receivers Bob. If Bob wants to reconstruct the original states, he must cooperates with the controller Charlie, that Charlie performs two single particle measurement on his qubits and tells Bob the results. According to Alice's and Bob's results, Bob can reconstruct the initial state by applying appropriate unitary operation.

  11. Gaussian quantum steering and its asymmetry in curved spacetime

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Jieci; Jing, Jiliang; Fan, Heng

    2015-01-01

    We study Gaussian quantum steering and its asymmetry in the background of a Schwarzschild black hole. We present a Gaussian channel description of quantum state evolution under the influence of Hawking radiation. We find that thermal noise introduced by Hawking effect will destroy the steerability between an inertial observer Alice and an accelerated observer Bob who hovers outside an event horizon, while it generates steerability between Bob and a hypothetical observer Anti-Bob inside the event horizon. Besides, unlike entanglement behaviors in curved spacetime, here the steering from Alice to Bob suffers from a ``sudden death" and the steering from Anti-Bob to Bob appears a ``sudden birth" with the increasing of Hawking temperature. We also find that the Gaussian steering is always asymmetric and the maximum steering asymmetry can \\emph{ exceed} $\\ln 2$ in curved spacetime, which is quite different from the flat spacetime case [Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 060403 (2015)] where the steering asymmetry can \\emph{neve...

  12. Robert Gilmore, a portrait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solari, Hernán G.

    2013-01-01

    To present the personality of Bob Gilmore is a formidable task, as his scientific contributions include group theory, laser physics, non-linear dynamics, catastrophe theory, thermodynamics, dynamical systems, quantum theory and more. But even if we succeed in describing his contributions, much of Gilmore's being would be lost. Bob as advisor, Bob as father, Bob as teacher, Bob as scientific communicator reveal as much of Bob Gilmore as his scientific papers and his books. Very much as in the Group Theory so close to him, there is a Robert Gilmore in abstract as well as representations of Robert Gilmore. We will make an attempt to find the "principle of the rule", the abstract level of Robert Gilmore as well as Robert Gilmore, himself, as a representation of the duality science-humanism.REFID="9789814434867_0016FN001">

  13. The Owl of Minerva Flies at Twilight: Doctrinal Change and Continuity and the Revolution in Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-05-01

    Is rapidly fadin’ And the first one now Wi laltr be last For the times they are a-changin’. Bob Dylan Bob Dylan’s emphasis on change resonates for the...in that "revolution" are to be understood in the present which, in Bob Dylan’s words, *will later be past." Thinking in such time streams will

  14. δ18O and salinity variability from the last glacial maximum to recent in the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sijinkumar, A.V.; Clemens, S.; Nath, B.N.; Prella, W.; Benshila, Rachid; Lengaigne, M.

    waters in the northern BoB were 2.5 psμ(8%) fresher, Andaman Sea were 3.8 psμ(12%) fresher, and southern BoB were 1.2 psμ(3.5%) fresher. Conversely, during the last glacial maximum (LGM), surface waters in the northern BoB were 2.9 psμ(9%) more saline...

  15. A Scheme of Controlled Quantum State Swapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查新未; 邹志纯; 祁建霞; 朱海洋

    2012-01-01

    A scheme for controlled quantum state swapping is presented using maximally entangled five-qubit state, i.e., Alice wants to transmit an entangled state of particle a to Bob and at the same time Bob wants to transmit an entangled state of particle b to Alice via the control of the supervisor Charlie. The operations used in this swapping process including C-not operation and a series of single-qubit measurements performed by Alice. Bob. and Charlie.

  16. Effect of curcumin derivative B06 Bob on synthesis of testosterone from type 2 diabetic rats%姜黄素衍生物 B06对2型糖尿病大鼠睾酮合成的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林中民; 王芳; 张泉波; 陈霖; 陈三妹; 陈国荣

    2016-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the effect of curcumin derivatives B06(B06) on the synthesis of testosterone from type 2 diabetic rats.METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were evenly divided into 5 groups randomly: normal control group (C group), high fat group (H group), high fat treatment group (HT group), diabetes mellitus group (D group) and diabetes treatment group ( DT group) .The rats in the later 4 groups were fed with high fat diet, after 4 weeks of high fat diet feeding, the rats from D group and DT group were injected with low dose of streptozotocin intraperitoneally to induce diabetes mellitus, while the rats in HT group and DT group were gavaged with B06 at the dose of 0.2 mg· kg-1 · d-1 for 8 weeks.The blood glucose was detected by glucometer, blood insulin was assayed by ELISA and the insulin resist-ance index was calculated.The morphology of testes were observed by light and transmission electron microscopy.Serum testosterone and estradiol were measured by radioimmunoassay.The protein expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory pro-tein ( StAR) was detected by immunohistochemistry.The mRNA expression of StAR, cholesterol side-chain cleavage en-zyme (P450scc), cytochrome P450 17A1 (P450c17), cytochrome P450 aromatizing enzyme (P450arom), 3β-hydroxyste-roid dehydrogenase ( HSD) and 17β-HSD was detected by RT-PCR.RESULTS:The levels of blood glucose and insulin resistance index were increased in H group and D group, and serum testosterone was decreased, all of which were reversed after the treatment of B06.Testicular seminiferous tubule was distorted, spermatogenic cells were dropped in H group and D group.In addition, leydig cells were found to have swelling mitochondria in H group and D group, endoplasmic reticu-lum was reduced, and there was karyopyknosis accompany with sparse chromatin, all of which were ameliorated by B06. The protein expression of StAR was decreased in D group.The mRNA expression of StAR and P450scc was decreased in H group and D group, all of which were increased in B06 treatment group.There was no significant difference in the mRNA expression of P450c17, P450arom, 3β-HSD and 17β-HSD.CONCLUSION: B06 may increase serum testosterone and relieve the damage of testes from type 2 diabetic rats.B06 improves metabolic disorder by up-regulating mRNA expression of StAR and P450scc.%目的:研究姜黄素衍生物B06对2型糖尿病大鼠睾酮合成的影响。方法:雄性SD大鼠35只,随机均分为正常对照组(C组)、高脂组(H组)、高脂治疗组(HT组)、糖尿病组(D组)和糖尿病治疗组(DT组),后4组高脂喂养4周后,D组及DT组用低剂量链脲佐菌素诱导糖尿病,HT组和DT组用0.2 mg· kg-1· d-1的B06灌胃8周。微量血糖仪测定大鼠血糖浓度;ELISA法测定血胰岛素水平,并计算胰岛素抵抗指数;光镜和电镜观察睾丸形态;放射免疫法测定血睾酮、雌二醇水平;免疫组化检测Leydig细胞的类固醇激素合成急性调节蛋白( StAR)表达;RT-PCR检测睾丸Leydig细胞StAR、胆固醇侧链裂解酶(P450scc)、细胞色素P45017A1(P450c17)、细胞色素P450芳香化酶( P450arom)、3β-羟基类固醇脱氢酶( HSD)及17β-HSD的mRNA表达水平。结果: H组及D组血糖、胰岛素抵抗指数升高,血清睾酮水平降低,经B06治疗后好转;H组及D组睾丸曲细精管变形,生精细胞脱落, Leydig细胞内线粒体肿胀,内质网减少且扩张,胞核皱缩,染色质稀疏,经B06治疗后病变减轻;D组的StAR蛋白表达减弱,经B06治疗后表达增强;H组及D组Leydig细胞StAR、P450scc mRNA表达降低,经B06治疗后升高, P450c17、P450arom、3β-HSD及17β-HSD mRNA表达未见明显差异。结论: B06可缓解2型糖尿病大鼠睾丸病变,提高血清睾酮水平,这可能与B06改善机体代谢紊乱并上调Leydig细胞StAR及P450scc mRNA表达水平相关。

  17. “嚎叫”之后的时代强音——探析金斯堡对鲍勃·迪伦创作的影响%Howl after the Howl——The Influences on Bob Dylan' s Works from Allen Ginsberg

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王垚

    2013-01-01

    金斯堡和鲍勃·迪伦是美国20世纪60年代文化的标志,一个是“垮掉的一代”的桂冠诗人,一个是摇滚乐的灵魂人物.金斯堡的创作影响了包括鲍勃·迪伦在内的一大批创作者.从创作形式和技法、作品风格和意境、思想和精神追求等三方面分析金斯堡的诗歌对鲍勃·迪伦歌词创作的影响.和金斯堡一样,鲍勃·迪伦极大地影响了一代又一代年轻人的生活方式和生存理念.

  18. Two Ways of Robust Quantum Dialogue by Using Four-Qubit Cluster State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Rui-jin; Li, Dong-fen; Liu, Yao; Qin, Zhi-guang; Baagyere, Edward

    2016-04-01

    In this paper, we present a scheme for quantum dialogue by using a four-qubit cluster state as quantum channel.The scheme has two cases: Case 1, Sender Alice and receiver Bob share information using an orderly sequence of entangled state as quantum channel which was prepared by Alice. This case is achieved as follows: The two sides agreed to encode quantum state information, then Alice perform a bell state measurement for quantum information which has been encoded. This will convey the information to Bob, then Bob measuring his own qubits, through the analysis of the measurement results of Alice and Bob, Bob can obtain quantum information. For case 2, four-qubit cluster state and quantum state information is transmitted to form a total quantum system. In the Case 2 scenario, Alice and Bob perform bell state measurements for part of the qubits, and tell the measurement result to each other through the classical channel. Finally, according to the measurement result, Alice and Bob operate an appropriate unitary transformation, as a result, Alice's qubit will be renewed upon Bob's measurements, and also, Bob's qubit will be renewed upon Alice's measurements. Thus, a bidirectional quantum dialogue is achieved. After analysis, this scheme has high security by taking certain eavesdropping attacks into account. There is therefore a certain reference value to the realization of quantum dialogue.

  19. Vernal Pool Distribution - Central Valley, 2005 [ds650

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — "Great Valley Vernal Pool Distribution", originally mapped by Bob Holland, 2005. This dataset contains vernal pool areas mapped over Califorina's Central Valley,...

  20. Teleportation of an Arbitrary Two-qubit State *

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞霖; 严瑛白; 金国藩; 韦辉; 郭履容

    2001-01-01

    A scheme to teleport an unknown two-qubit state from Alice (the sender) to Bob (the receiver) using two Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) pairs is presented, each EPR pair being shared by both Alice and Bob. Firstly, Alice combines each of the two particles in the teleported state with an EPR particle and makes Bell state measurement on each combination. Then she transmits the outcomes of her measurements to Bob classically. According to Alice′s measurement results, Bob can perform appropriate unitary operations on his two EPR particles to retrieve the initial state.

  1. Entanglement-assisted guessing of complementary measurement outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berta, M.; Coles, P.J.; Wehner, S.D.C.

    2014-01-01

    Heisenberg's uncertainty principle implies that if one party (Alice) prepares a system and randomly measures one of two incompatible observables, then another party (Bob) cannot perfectly predict the measurement outcomes. This implication assumes that Bob does not possess an additional system that i

  2. Abroad, in Search of Monsters to Destroy: The United States and the Future of Preemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-17

    For the times they are a-changin’. Bob Dylan , The Times They Are A-Changin Introduction The times were changing; the question was how? The fall of...http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/ bush/preempt.htm. Internet. Accessed on 21 September 2004. Woodward, Bob . 2004. Plan of attack. New York, NY

  3. The United Nations Standing Force a Qualitative Analysis of Strategic and Operational Options for the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    Council, has done .ch community...But, as much as the United Nations has done, it can do much more." Chaiaiing Times As the Bob Dylan song goes, "The...to our nation’s defense well into the twenty-first century. When Bob Dylan’s song was popular, it was also relevant. At that time, the United States

  4. Abnormal Spontaneous Eye Movements as Initial Presentation of Organophosphate Poisoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Lima Teixeira, Igor; Bazan, Silméia Garcia Zanati; Schelp, Arthur Oscar; Luvizutto, Gustavo José; De Lima, Fabrício Diniz; Bazan, Rodrigo

    2017-01-01

    Background Atypical ocular bobbing may result from an intentional poisoning from an organophosphate compound. Phenomenology Shown The patient exhibited conjugated, slow, arrhythmic, unpredictable eye movements in all directions, diagnosed as atypical ocular bobbing. Educational Value This is a rare, well‐documented, clinically relevant case for medical students for correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment of organophosphate intoxication. PMID:28243486

  5. Occurrence of large fractions of mercury-resistant bacteria in the Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    De, J.; Ramaiah, N.

    -resistant from the offshore regions of the BOB points to the global nature of mercury pollution. The higher percentages of MRB in the offshore waters of the BOB might signify the already prevalent adverse impact of heavy metals on the metabolic performance...

  6. The Air Land Sea Bulletin. Issue No. 2003-1, March 2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    side well, a big salute to RADM Bert Calland, Army Colonel John Mulholland, Navy Captain Bob Harward, and Air Force Colonel Frank Kisner , for their...Col Bob Holmes (SOCOM), USAF Col Frank Kisner (16th SOW), USAF Col Mike Longoria (18 ASOG), USA COL (ret) Don Richardson, USA LTC Wes Rehorn, and Lt

  7. Construction of a Stormwater Detention System And Relocation of 12 Previously Assessed Housing Units, Military Family Housing Revitalization Project, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    bulk density due to the presence of sponge gypsum, and often have a heavy cover of cryptogams". The SEA does not address the potential negative...Forester Firewarden cc: Allen Biaggi Kay Scherer Bob Ashworth Jo!Ul Jones Glenn Cbnmer James Morefield Bob Williams Cynthia Martinez tile 5

  8. 疯狂至极

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tim Nevinson

    2008-01-01

    设计师Marcello Gandini从未想过将兰博基尼Countach设计成实用型车辆,因此将Countach转化现实的重任就落到了工程师Bob Wallace的身上。来看看Bob Wallace是如何实现这一梦想的。

  9. Teaching a Child with Autism and Severe Language Delays to Reject: Direct and Indirect Effects of Functional Communication Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Christian A.; Drasgow, Erik; Halle, James W.; Brucker, Jennifer M.

    2005-01-01

    We used functional communication training to teach Bob, a 10-year-old student with autism and severe language delays, to reject items by touching an icon. Our initial assessment revealed that Bob's behaviours serving a rejecting function consisted of pushing away, yelling, bear hugging-grabbing, and leaving. We used prompting, differential…

  10. Zero-error source-channel coding with entanglement.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Briët, J.; Buhrman, H.; Laurent, M.; Piovesan, T.; Scarpa, G.

    2013-01-01

    We study the use of quantum entanglement in the zero-error source-channel coding problem. Here, Alice and Bob are connected by a noisy classical one-way channel, and are given correlated inputs from a random source. Their goal is for Bob to learn Alice's input while using the channel as little as po

  11. Zero-error source-channel coding with entanglement.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Briët, J.; Buhrman, H.; Laurent, M.; Piovesan, T.; Scarpa, G.

    2014-01-01

    We study the use of quantum entanglement in the zero-error source-channel coding problem. Here, Alice and Bob are connected by a noisy classical one-way channel, and are given correlated inputs from a random source. Their goal is for Bob to learn Alice's input while using the channel as little as po

  12. An efficient two-step quantum key distribution protocol with orthogonal product states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Yu-Guang; Wen Qiao-Yan; Zhu Fu-Chen

    2007-01-01

    An efficient two-step quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol with orthogonal product states in the n( )n(n ≥ 3) Hilbert space is presented. In this protocol, the particles in the orthogonal product states form two particle sequences.The sender, Alice, first sends one sequence to the receiver, Bob. After Bob receives the first particle sequence, Alice and Bob check eavesdropping by measuring a fraction of particles randomly chosen. After ensuring the security of the quantum channel, Alice sends the other particle sequence to Bob. By making an orthogonal measurement on the two particle sequences, Bob can obtain the information of the orthogonal product states sent by Alice. This protocol has many distinct features such as great capacity, high efficiency in that it uses all orthogonal product states in distributing the key except those chosen for checking eavesdroppers.

  13. A Doubly Exponentially Crumbled Cake

    CERN Document Server

    Christ, Tobias; Gebauer, Heidi; Matoušek, Jiří; Uno, Takeaki

    2011-01-01

    We consider the following cake cutting game: Alice chooses a set P of n points in the square (cake) [0,1]^2, where (0,0) is in P; Bob cuts out n axis-parallel rectangles with disjoint interiors, each of them having a point of P as the lower left corner; Alice keeps the rest. It has been conjectured that Bob can always secure at least half of the cake. This remains unsettled, and it is not even known whether Bob can get any positive fraction independent of n. We prove that if Alice can force Bob's share to tend to zero, then she must use very many points; namely, to prevent Bob from gaining more than 1/r of the cake, she needs at least 2^{2^{\\Omega(r)}} points.

  14. Studies on the thermal decomposition kinetics of LiPF6 and LiBC4O8

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Li Shi-You; Ma Pei-Hua; Cui Xiao-Ling; Ren Qi-Du; Li Fa-Qiang

    2008-03-01

    Thermal decomposition of LiPF6 and LiBC4O8 (lithium bis(oxalate)borate, abbreviated as LiBOB) were studied using TG (thermogravimetry)-DTG (derivative thermogravimetry) method with different heating rate of 5, 10, 20 and 40°C min-1 or at different constant temperature C (109.80, 118.79, 148.41, 176.86 °C for LiPF6 and 278.51, 298.13, 317.65, 336.13 for LiBOB). From the nonisothermal kinetics we calculate that LiPF6 is 1.01, LiBOB is 1.04, LiPF6 is 91907.61 J/mol, and LiBOB is 205179.88 J/mol; from the isothermal kinetics we calculate that n for both LiPF6 and LiBOB are 1, LiPF6 is 91907.61 J/mol, LiBOB is 205179.88 J/mol, lnALiPF6 is 16.89 s-1, and lnALiBOB is 31.96 s-1. The results obtained from the two ways have minor differences and can validate each other.

  15. Tri(ethylene glycol)-substituted trimethylsilane/lithium bis(oxalate)borate electrolyte for LiMn2O4/graphite system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusachi, Yuki; Dong, Jian; Zhang, Zhengcheng; Amine, Khalil

    2011-10-01

    Silane-based electrolyte is a promising candidate for safer electrochemical energy storage devices because it is thermally and electrochemical stable, less flammable and environmental benign. In this paper, electrochemical properties of one of the silane-based electrolytes, tri(ethylene glycol)-substituted trimethylsilane (1NM3)-lithium bis(oxalate)borate (LiBOB) was studied using LiMn2O4 as cathode and MAG graphite as anode. When combined with LiBOB as lithium salt, the 1NM3-LiBOB electrolyte can provide solid electrolyte interface (SEI) formation due to the reductive decomposition of LiBOB at first charging cycle. Compared to the electrolyte used in the conventional lithium-ion batteries, 1NM3-LiBOB electrolyte showed compatible battery performance in LiMn2O4/MAG chemistry. The AC impedance measurement indicates that the activation energy (Ea) obtained from the charge transfer impedance for 1NM3-LiBOB was higher than that of the state-of-the-art electrolyte. Due to its low conductivity, the rate capability of 1NM3-LiBOB electrolyte needs to be improved.

  16. Dynamics of the Asian Summer Monsoon Onset and the Tibetan Plateau Impacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yimin, Liu; Guoxiong, Wu; Boqi, Liu; Suling, Ren; Yue, Guan

    2015-04-01

    The formation and development of the South Asian High (SAH) in early spring over South China Sea (SCS) provides upper tropospheric pumping over the Southeast Bay of Bengal (BOB) and leads to the BOB monsoon onset. The strong latent heat release of the BOB monsoon results in the northeastward unstable development of the SAH which contributes to the SCS monsoon onset. The zonal asymmetric unstable development of the SAH after the SCS monsoon onset leads to the Indian summer monsoon onset. In spring over South BOB, usually there is vortex development preceding the Asian summer monsoon onset. The rapid development of the BOB monsoon onset vortex is due to the local strong air-sea interaction, which is modulated by the Tibetan Plateau (TP) forcing and the land-sea thermal contrast across South Asia. Strong heating from BOB monsoon generates stationary Rossby-wave in lower troposphere, producing weak cold advection and convection over North SCS. Development of surface BOB cyclone provides Northeastward water vapor transport towards North SCS where convection develops. Before the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) onset, the North- South land- sea thermal contrast increases eastward remarkably on the southeast of Arabian Sea. Air traveling eastward along the near- surface tropical westerly jet gets northward accelerated, forcing a lower tropospheric convergence near and to the north of the jet stream. Such a forced convection development occurs intensively over the southeastern Arabian Sea and southwestern India, contributing to the ISM onset.

  17. Influence of circulation parameters on the AOD variations over the Bay of Bengal during ICARB

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Marina Aloysius; Mannil Mohan; S Suresh Babu; Vijayakumar S Nair; K Parameswaran; K Krishna Moorthy

    2008-07-01

    MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) level-3 aerosol data, NCEP (National Centers for Environmental Prediction) reanalysis winds and QuikSCAT ocean surface winds were made use of to examine the role of atmospheric circulation in governing aerosol variations over the Bay of Bengal (BoB) during the first phase of the ICARB (Integrated Campaign for Aerosols, gases and Radiation Budget) campaign (March 18–April 12, 2006). An inter-comparison between MODIS level-3 aerosol optical depth (AOD) data and ship-borne MICROTOPS measurements showed good agreement with correlation 0.92 ( > 0.0001) and a mean MODIS underestimation by 0.01. During the study period, the AOD over BoB showed high values in the northern/north western regions, which reduced towards the central and southern BoB. The wind patterns in lower atmospheric layers (< 850 hPa) indicated that direct transport of aerosols from central India was inhibited by the presence of a high pressure and a divergence over BoB in the lower altitudes. On the other hand, in the upper atmospheric levels, winds from central and northern India stretched south eastwards and converged over BoB with a negative vorticity indicative of a downdraft. These wind patterns pointed to the possibility of aerosol transport from central India to BoB by upper level winds. This mechanism was further confirmed by the significant correlations that AOD variations over BoB showed with aerosol flux convergence and flux vorticity at upper atmospheric levels (600–500 hPa). AOD in central and southern BoB away from continental influences displayed an exponential dependence on the QuikSCAT measured ocean surface wind speed. This study shows that particles transported from central and northern India by upper atmospheric circulations as well as the marine aerosols generated by ocean surface winds contributed to the AOD over the BoB during the first phase of ICARB.

  18. Upconversion-based receivers for quantum hacking-resistant quantum key distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Nitin; Kanter, Gregory S.

    2016-07-01

    We propose a novel upconversion (sum frequency generation)-based quantum-optical system design that can be employed as a receiver (Bob) in practical quantum key distribution systems. The pump governing the upconversion process is produced and utilized inside the physical receiver, making its access or control unrealistic for an external adversary (Eve). This pump facilitates several properties which permit Bob to define and control the modes that can participate in the quantum measurement. Furthermore, by manipulating and monitoring the characteristics of the pump pulses, Bob can detect a wide range of quantum hacking attacks launched by Eve.

  19. Radiative properties of Bay of Bengal aerosols: Spatial distinctiveness and source impacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babu, S. Suresh; Gogoi, Mukunda M.; Kumar, V. H. Arun; Nair, Vijayakumar S.; Moorthy, K. Krishna

    2012-03-01

    Simultaneous and collocated measurements of spectrally resolved scattering and absorption coefficients and mass concentration of near-surface composite aerosols in the marine atmosphere over the Bay of Bengal (BOB), along with incoming shortwave (0.3-3 μm) global solar radiation and columnar spectral aerosol optical depths (AOD), were made on a research cruise during the winter phase of the Integrated Campaign for Aerosols, Gases and Radiation Budget (W-ICARB). The aerosol radiative properties revealed distinct spatial features associated with the contrasting outflows from Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) and East Asia. Both scattering and absorption coefficients depicted very high values (>200 and >15 Mm-1) over the northwestern and southeastern BOB and extremely low values (<50 and <10 Mm-1) over the central BOB. The mean value of the total scattering coefficient at 550 nm (˜123.7 ± 85.3 Mm-1) over the entire BOB during winter was higher than the mean values (˜94 ± 47 Mm-1) reported for the premonsoon season. While SSA at 550 nm showed very low values (<0.8) over a very large region in the central BOB and moderately low values over the southern BOB (˜0.85-0.9), the columnar AOD varied from the least values of ˜0.1 over the northeastern BOB to the highest values of ˜0.8 over the northwestern BOB. While significant cooling was observed at the top of the atmosphere and surface over the northwestern BOB, the atmospheric forcing was found to be significantly high (˜15 W m-2) over the southern BOB, where the aerosol radiative forcing efficiency (ARFE) at the surface was also found to be high. Examination of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)-derived fire count along with the advection pathways revealed a strong contribution from the emissions of biomass smoke from East Asia, which might be contributing to the enhanced aerosol induced warming over the southern BOB. However, the ARFE at the surface was low over the northwestern BOB, where the

  20. The effect of semi-permanent eddies on the distribution of mesozooplankton in the central Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Fernandes, V.

    species richness diminished with the dwindling dissolved oxygen concentrations north of 15N. It is inferred that in the intensely stratified surface waters of the central BoB, cold-core eddies are important for promoting considerable biological production...

  1. Popmuusika / Mart Juur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juur, Mart, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Kent "Du & Jag", "Lindstom & Prins Thomas", Taj Mahal "The Essential", Wilco "Kicking elevision - Live In Chicago", Yo-Yo Ma "The Essential", Bob marley & The Wailers "Africa Unite: The Singles", Nine Horses "Snow Borne Sorrow"

  2. Pop / Marek Kallin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallin, Marek

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Cardigans "Super Extra Gravity", Earth, Wind & Fire "Illumination", Stevie Wonder "A Time To Love", Shout Out Louds "Howl Howl Gaff Gaff", Goldie Lookin Chain "Safe As Fuck", Ms. Dynamite "Judgement Days", Echosilence "Distorted Horizon", Bob Dylan "No Direction Home"

  3. 78 FR 13748 - Environmental Impact Statement for the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor Project, Los...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ...--Cafeteria, 14200 Van Nuys Boulevard, Arleta, CA 91331. Wednesday, March 27, 2013; 4:00 to 6:00 p.m. at the..., Panorama Mall, California State University Northridge, Burbank Bob Hope Airport, Van Nuys Airport,...

  4. Linnud teevad järglastel vahet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Ajakirjas Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology avaldatud Queensi ülikooli teadlase Bob Montgomerie uuringust, mis tõestas, et isa punarinnad toitsid kaks korda innukamalt oma poegi, kes sündisid säravama sinise varjundiga munadest

  5. Pop / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Charlotte Gainsbourg "5.55", Bob Dylan "Modern Times", Orson "Bright Idea", Adem "Love and Other Planets", Basement Jaxx "Crazy Itch Radio", Audioslave "Revelations", Cassius "15 Again", Nitrous "Dominant Force", the Answer "Rise2

  6. A seismotectonic study of the 21 May 2014 Bay of Bengal intraplate earthquake: Evidence of onshore-offshore tectonic linkage and fracture zone reactivation in the northern Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rao, G.S.; Radhakrishna, M.; Murthy, K.S.R.

    The earthquake of 21 May 2014 (Mw 6.0) in the northern Bay of Bengal (BOB) highlights the importance of studies on intraplate earthquakes in the oceanic regime for understanding the stress state of the oceanic lithosphere. The epicenter...

  7. Progerock-passioon / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Briti ansambli Pink Floydi heliplaadi "The Wall" (1979) filmiversioonist. Muusikafilm "Müür" ("Pink Floyd The Wall") : stsenarist Roger Waters : režissöör Alan Parker Pinki rollis Bob Geldof : Suurbritannia 1982

  8. 77 FR 44271 - United States v. Apple, Inc., et al.; Public Comments and Response on Proposed Final Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-27

    ... physical supply chains and brick-and-mortar stores. Many critics of the settlements view the consequences... With Unique 58 Perspectives 1. Brian DeFiore, Literary Agent 58 2. Bob Kohn, CEO of Royalty Share 59...

  9. Plaadid / Priit Juurmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurmann, Priit

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Alexkid "Caracol", Bob Dylan "Modern Times", Justin Timberlake "Future Sex", Ilves, Pulk ja Rahman "Murõt ei olõ", Audioslave "Revelations", Bill Frisell "Bill Frisell, Ron Carter, Paul Motian", Julie & Khari "Moon Bossa"

  10. 75 FR 16357 - Participation by Disadvantaged Business Enterprises in Airport Concessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert C. Ashby, Deputy Assistant General Counsel for Regulation and...-302, 202-366-9310, bob.ashby@dot.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: When the Department issued its...

  11. 75 FR 47753 - Transportation for Individuals With Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert C. Ashby, Deputy Assistant General Counsel for Regulation and Enforcement... (voice); (202) 366-7687 (TDD); bob.ashby@dot.gov (e-mail). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On February...

  12. Blind Quantum Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Arrighi, P; Arrighi, Pablo; Salvail, Louis

    2003-01-01

    We investigate the possibility of having someone carry out the work of executing a function for you, but without letting him learn anything about your input. Say Alice wants Bob to compute some well-known function f upon her input x, but wants to prevent Bob from learning anything about x. The situation arises for instance if client Alice has limited computational resources in comparison with mistrusted server Bob, or if x is an inherently mobile piece of data. Could there be a protocol whereby Bob is forced to compute f(x) "blindly", i.e. without observing x? We provide such a blind computation protocol for the class of functions which admit an efficient procedure to generate random input-output pairs, e.g. factorization. The setting is quantum, the security is unconditional, the eavesdropper is as malicious as can be. Keywords: Secure Circuit Evaluation, Secure Two-party Computation, Information Hiding, Information gain vs disturbance.

  13. Bogi i monstrõ, ili biografija Supermena / Olga Marsheva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Marsheva, Olga

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika tuntuimad koomiksikunstnikud Larry Hama, Stan Lee, Jerry Seagel, Bob Kain, Frank Miller ja nende loodud tegelaskujud. Ka briti kirjanik Alan Moore, kellele ei meeldi oma kangelastest tehtud ekraniseeringuid vaadata

  14. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" and the Fantasies of the Unconscious.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cioe, Paul

    2003-01-01

    Compares Joyce Carol Oates's short story "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" to the song lyrics of Bob Dylan. Explores the influence Dylan's music had on Oates. Discusses different ways to approach teaching this work. (SG)

  15. 10. VI avati Tartus Sadamateatris...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Näitus "The 2D Cowboys and a Man from No Man's Land". New Mexico kunstnikud Larry Bob Phillips, Mathew Williams (Mad Dog), Doug Morris (grupeering 2D Cowboys) ja Eesti juurtega Pat Kikut eksponeerivad maali, joonistusi ja kollaazhe

  16. Plaadid / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Handsome Boy Modelling School "White People", Moron, Julies "Premium Par", Harrison, Joel "So Long 2nd Street", General Electrics "Cliquety Kliqk", Razorlight "Up All Night", Bob Marley & Wailers "127 King Street"

  17. Uncertainty relations and approximate quantum error correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renes, Joseph M.

    2016-09-01

    The uncertainty principle can be understood as constraining the probability of winning a game in which Alice measures one of two conjugate observables, such as position or momentum, on a system provided by Bob, and he is to guess the outcome. Two variants are possible: either Alice tells Bob which observable she measured, or he has to furnish guesses for both cases. Here I derive uncertainty relations for both, formulated directly in terms of Bob's guessing probabilities. For the former these relate to the entanglement that can be recovered by action on Bob's system alone. This gives an explicit quantum circuit for approximate quantum error correction using the guessing measurements for "amplitude" and "phase" information, implicitly used in the recent construction of efficient quantum polar codes. I also find a relation on the guessing probabilities for the latter game, which has application to wave-particle duality relations.

  18. Avian Point Count datasheets for Dahomey NWR Conducted by Robert Cooper, University of Memphis in 1992

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Data sheets of avain point counts and map show general locations of survey on Dahomey NWR in 1992 are provided. Surveys were conducted by Bob Cooper at University of...

  19. Oscillating pendulum decay by emission of vortex rings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolster, Diogo; Hershberger, Robert E.; Donnelly, Russell J.

    2010-04-01

    We have studied oscillation of a pendulum in water using spherical bobs. By measuring the loss in potential energy, we estimate the drag coefficient on the sphere and compare to data from liquid-helium experiments. The drag coefficients compare very favorably illustrating the true scaling behavior of this phenomenon. We also studied the decay of amplitude of the pendulum over time. As observed previously, at small amplitudes, the drag on the bob is given by the linear Stokes drag and the decay is exponential. For larger amplitudes, the pendulum bob sheds vortex rings as it reverses direction. The momentum imparted to these vortex rings results in an additional discrete drag on the bob. We present experiments and a theoretical estimate of this vortex-ring-induced drag. We analytically derive an estimate for a critical amplitude beyond which vortex ring shedding will occur as well as an estimate of the radius of the ring as a function of amplitude.

  20. Uudiseid maailmast / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2012-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Pat Metheny Group tuleb taas kokku. Musta muusika auhinnad Suurbritannias. Bob Marley muusika kui õppevahend inglise keele omandamiseks. Ted Curson 1935-2012. In memoriam David S. Ware. In memoriam Terry Callier

  1. Location-Oblivious Data Transfer with Flying Entangled Qudits

    CERN Document Server

    ,

    2011-01-01

    We present a simple and practical quantum protocol involving two mistrustful agencies in Minkowski space, which allows Alice to transfer data to Bob at a spacetime location that neither can predict in advance. The location depends on both Alice's and Bob's actions. The protocol guarantees unconditionally to Alice that Bob learns the data at a randomly determined location; it guarantees to Bob that Alice will not learn the transfer location even after the protocol is complete. The task implemented, transferring data at a space-time location that remains hidden from the transferrer, has no precise analogue in non-relativistic quantum cryptography. It illustrates further the scope for novel cryptographic applications of relativistic quantum theory.

  2. Tips for Keeping Halloween Safe and Fun

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News) -- Trick-or-treating, bobbing for apples and costume parties are just a few things kids love ... do not reflect the views of MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health, ...

  3. Plaadid / Mari Rebane, Heidi Purga, Tiiu Laks...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Sigur Ros "Heim/Hvart", Jay-Z "American Gangster", Bob Marley and The Wailers "Roots, Rock, Remixed", Ghostface killah "The Big doe Rehab", Backstreet Boys "Unbreakable", Matchbox Twenty "Exile on Mainstream", "Just" Hits 6"

  4. Outplacement: The New Counseling Frontier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branstead, Elizabeth; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Includes "Outplacement: The New Counseling Frontier" (Branstead); "Interview with Bob Ward"; "Ethics of Outplacement" (Axmith); "Outplacement--The View from Over Here" (Murray); "In-House Outplacement Programs for the 1990s and Beyond" (Benedict); "Government and Outplacement"…

  5. Plaadid / Mari Peegel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peegel, Mari, 1978-

    2005-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Neil Tennant/Chris Lowe "Battleship Potemkin", Institute "Distort Yourself", Bob Dylan "No Direction Home", Jem "Finally Woken", Machine Men "Elegies", Jamie Cullum "Catching Tales", Bloodhound Gang "Hefty Fine"

  6. Tappev kuulsus viib Chicago lavale / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2003-01-01

    Muusikafilm "Chicago", mille aluseks John Kanderi - Fred Ebb'i muusikal : režissöör Rob Marshall : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2002. 1975.a. selle muusikali Broadwayl lavale toonud Bob Fosse mõjust filmi stiilile

  7. Quantum Secret Sharing Protocol between Multiparty and Multiparty with Single Photons and Unitary Transformations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Feng-Li; GAO Ting; LI You-Cheng

    2008-01-01

    @@ We propose a scheme of quantum secret sharing between Alice's group and Bob's group with single photons and unitary transformations. In the protocol, one member in Alice's group prepares a sequence of single photons in one of four different states, while other members directly encode their information on the sequence of single photons via unitary operations; after that, the last member sends the sequence of single photons to Bob's group.Then Bob's, except for the last one, do work similarly. Finally the last member in Bob's group measures the qubits. If the security of the quantum channel is guaranteed by some tests, then the qubit states sent by the last member of Alice's group can be used as key bits for secret sharing. It is shown that this scheme is safe.

  8. Commission on the National Guard and Reserves: Strengthening America’s Defenses in the New Security Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    Mike Cline April 14, 2006 Arlington, VA Mr. David Davidson April 14, 2006 Arlington, VA Mr. Bob Fiedler April 14, 2006 Arlington, VA Mr. Larry Madison...Arlington, VA Mr. David Davidson April 25, 2006 Arlington, VA Mr. Bob Fiedler April 25, 2006 Arlington, VA Brigadier General Richard Green April 25, 2006...2006 Lackland AFB, TX Mr. Thomas Helm June 20, 2006 Lackland AFB, TX Colonel John Nichols June 20, 2006 Lackland AFB, TX Captain Fred Broussard June

  9. Class Notes: Programming Parallel Algorithms CS 15-840B (Fall 1992)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-01

    840: Programming Parallel Algorithms Lecture #15 Scribe: Bob Wheeler Thursday, 6 Nov 92 Overview * Connected components (continued). * Minimum spanning...Sriram Sethuraman Singular value decomposition Ken Tew EEG analysis Eric Thayer Speech recognition Xuemei Wang & Bob Wheeler Matrix operations Matt...Computing, 14(4):862-874, 1985. [33] L. W. Tucker, C. R. Feynman , and D. M. Fritzsche. Object recognition using the Connection Machine. Proceedings CVPR 󈨜

  10. 一月喜闻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阿呆

    2012-01-01

    Bob Carey穿着粉红色的芭蕾舞裙,粉嫩的裙子衬得这个毛发浓密的成年男子非常滑稽。他跑遍整个美国,留下了无数小丑照。Bob Carey是一个快乐的已婚男人,他拍这些照片是为了帮助自己的妻子。

  11. Trusted Computing in Embedded Systems Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    AFRL http://www.cert.org/tces/pdf/duane%20gilmour.pdf Tom Schaffnit, Ford http://www.cert.org/tces/pdf/tom%20schaffnit.pdf Bob Thibadeau, Wave...Grumman Markham, Tom Honeywell McNamee, Dylan Galois Millen, Jon Wave O Murchu, Liam Symantec Peirce, Ken GM Perez, Ron AMD Prowell, Stacy...ORNL Schaffnit, Tom Ford Thibadeau, Bob Wave Academia Andrews, Archie CMU Blough, Doug Georgia Tech Chen, Peter CMU Eisenbarth

  12. U.S. Coast Guard Reorganization: Why Merging the Field Units Is Not Enough to Remain Semper Paratus (Always Ready)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xiii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS First and foremost I would like to thank my wife Joy and my two children Dylan and Andrew who...Chief Historian, Dr. Bob Browning, was interviewed to get his thoughts on the challenges the Coast Guard is facing since 9/11. Mr. Browning believes...84 Bob Browning, Ph.D., Chief Historian, USCG, interview by author, 25 May 2004. 64 when the Coast Guard

  13. En alkymist fra Amerika

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Nils Gunder

    2013-01-01

    Sean Wilentz skriver sig uden om storladne myter og smålig nyfigenhed i sin bog om Bob Dylan. Forfatteren har fantastisk godt fat i manden som kunstner og led i den amerikanske musiks kæde......Sean Wilentz skriver sig uden om storladne myter og smålig nyfigenhed i sin bog om Bob Dylan. Forfatteren har fantastisk godt fat i manden som kunstner og led i den amerikanske musiks kæde...

  14. An efficient quantum key distribution protocol with orthogonal product states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Yu-Guang; Wen Qiao-Yan

    2007-01-01

    An efficient quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol with orthogonal product states in the 3(×)3 Hilbert space is presented. The sender, Alice, disorders the orthogonal product state sequence and sends it to Bob. After Alice has published the matching information of the particle sequence, Bob recovers the correct correspondences and makes an orthogonal measurement on the orthogonal product states to obtain the information sent by Alice. Finally, security analysis is also made.

  15. The National Network of Fusion Centers: Perception and Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    James Glanz, Jeff Larson, and Andrew W. Lehren, “Spy Agencies Tap Data Streaming From Phone Apps,” The New York Times, January 27, 2014, http...State Police Report: Ron Paul, Bob Barr, Chuck Baldwin , Libertarians are Terrorists,” Infowars, March 11, 2009, http://www.infowars.com/secret-state...police-report-ron-paul-bob- barr-chuck- baldwin -libertarians-are-terrorists/. 84 discussed the background and common divisions of the militia movement

  16. Nonlethality and American Land Power: Strategic Context and Operational Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    there has been some interest within the U.S. Congress. Senator Bob Smith, chairman of the Acquisition and Technology Subcommittee of the Senate...a 66 mm system that can fire a "stingball" as an alternative to the current smoke grenade, and various other types of rubber and sponge projectiles...Until recently, though, most of them were in the defense and scientific media rather than the "mainstream." 14. Senator Bob Smith (Republican-New

  17. 超人总动员(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Bob Parr and his wife Helen used to be among the world’s greatest crime fighters, saving lives and battling evil.Fifteen years later,they have been forced to be normal citizens and moved to the suburbs where live a"normal"life with their three kids, Violet,Dash and lack-lack.One day,Bob gets his chance when a mvsterious call tells

  18. Permanently Secure Quantum Bit Commitment from a Temporary Computation Bound

    CERN Document Server

    Kent, A

    1997-01-01

    Alice is a private citizen whose computational resources are modest. Bob represents a large organisation at the forefront of computational and cryptological research. Bob's computational and cryptanalytic power is unknown to Alice, but Bob can confidently estimate a bound on Alice's ability to carry out a computation that would break a classical bit commitment. Alice wishes to commit a bit to Bob. She requires that he will never be able to decode it unless she chooses to reveal it, but also that if she does he will be confident that her commitment was genuine. We describe here a simple quantum bit commitment scheme which satisfies these criteria. By iterating the scheme, we obtain quantum bit commitment schemes which allow either Alice or Bob to commit bits to the other. These schemes do not contradict Mayers' and Lo and Chau's no-go results: they rely on a temporary computability bound. However, they are permanently secure against cheating by either party, provided only that Alice was not able to break Bob's...

  19. Gaussian quantum steering and its asymmetry in curved spacetime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jieci; Cao, Haixin; Jing, Jiliang; Fan, Heng

    2016-06-01

    We study Gaussian quantum steering and its asymmetry in the background of a Schwarzschild black hole. We present a Gaussian channel description of quantum state evolution under the influence of Hawking radiation. We find that thermal noise introduced by the Hawking effect will destroy the steerability between an inertial observer Alice and an accelerated observer Bob who hovers outside the event horizon, while it generates steerability between Bob and a hypothetical observer anti-Bob inside the event horizon. Unlike entanglement behaviors in curved spacetime, here the steering from Alice to Bob suffers from a "sudden death" and the steering from anti-Bob to Bob experiences a "sudden birth" with increasing Hawking temperature. We also find that the Gaussian steering is always asymmetric and the maximum steering asymmetry cannot exceed ln 2 , which means the state never evolves to an extremal asymmetry state. Furthermore, we obtain the parameter settings that maximize steering asymmetry and find that (i) s =arccosh cosh/2r 1 -sinh2r is the critical point of steering asymmetry and (ii) the attainment of maximal steering asymmetry indicates the transition between one-way steerability and both-way steerability for the two-mode Gaussian state under the influence of Hawking radiation.

  20. Bioassay-guided in vitro study of the antileishmanial and cytotoxic properties of Bixa orellana seed extract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marley Garca; Ramn Scull; Osmany Cuesta; Galle Boulet; Louis Maes; Paul Cos; Lianet Monzote

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the leishmanicidal effect of the Bixa orellana crude seed extract and its fractions against Leishmania amazonensis. Methods:Four main fractions (BO-A, BO-B, BO-C and BO-D) were obtained by exhaustion with solvent with increased polarity from the Bixa orellana crude seed extract and 28 sub-fractions. The antileishmanial activity was evaluated in intracellular amastigotes and the cytotoxicity was assessed in murine intraperitoneal macrophages. Results:The BO-A and BO-B fractions showed a good antileishmanial activity with IC50 values of (12.9±4.1) and (12.4±0.3) μg/mL, respectively. The sub-fractions BO-B1 (IC50=(11.8±3.8) μg/mL) and BO-B3 [IC50=(13.6±4.7) μg/mL] also proved to have a good leishmanicidal effect. In general, the sub-fractions showed a lower toxicity than the crude extract. A selectivity index of 9 indicated a moderate selectivity of the BO-A, BO-B and BO-C fractions and BO-B1 sub-fraction. Conclusions: Potential of this plant against cutaneous leishmaniasis should be further investigated.

  1. Prey processing in the Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konow, Nicolai; Krijestorac, Belma; Sanford, Christopher P J; Boistel, Renauld; Herrel, Anthony

    2013-07-01

    We studied prey processing in the Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens), involving slow, easily observed head-bobbing movements, which were compared with prey processing in other aquatic feeding vertebrates. We hypothesized that head-bobbing is a unique prey-processing behaviour, which alternatively could be structurally and functionally analogous with raking in basal teleosts, or with pharyngognathy in neoteleosts. Modulation of head-bobbing was elicited by prey with different motility and toughness. Head-bobbing involved sustained mouth occlusion and pronounced cranial elevation, similar to raking. However, the hyoid and pectoral girdle were protracted, and not retracted as in both raking and pharyngognathy. High-speed videofluoroscopy of hyoid movements confirmed that head-bobbing differs from other known aquatic prey-processing behaviours. Nevertheless, head-bobbing and other prey-processing behaviours converge on a recurrent functional theme in the trophic ecology of aquatic feeding vertebrates; the use of intraoral and oropharyngeal dentition surfaces to immobilize, reduce and process relatively large, tough or motile prey. Prey processing outside the pharyngeal region has not been described for neoteleosts previously, but morphological evidence suggests that relatives of Betta might use similar processing behaviours. Thus, our results suggest that pharyngognathy did not out-compete ancestral prey-processing mechanisms completely during the evolution of neoteleosts.

  2. Bioassay-guided in vitro study of the antileishmanial and cytotoxic properties of Bixa orellana seed extract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marley García

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate the leishmanicidal effect of the Bixa orellana crude seed extract and its fractions against Leishmania amazonensis. Methods: Four main fractions (BO-A, BO-B, BO-C and BO-D were obtained by exhaustion with solvent with increased polarity from the Bixa orellana crude seed extract and 28 sub-fractions. The antileishmanial activity was evaluated in intracellular amastigotes and the cytotoxicity was assessed in murine intraperitoneal macrophages. Results: The BO-A and BO-B fractions showed a good antileishmanial activity with IC50 values of (12.9±4.1 and (12.4±0.3 μg/mL, respectively. The sub-fractions BO-B1 (IC50=(11.8±3.8 μg/mL and BO-B3 [IC50=(13.6±4.7 μg/mL] also proved to have a good leishmanicidal effect. In general, the sub-fractions showed a lower toxicity than the crude extract. A selectivity index of 9 indicated a moderate selectivity of the BO-A, BO-B and BO-C fractions and BO-B1 sub-fraction. Conclusions: Potential of this plant against cutaneous leishmaniasis should be further investigated.

  3. Effect of the early and late onset of summer monsoon over the Bay of Bengal on Asian precipitation in May

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xing, Nan; Li, Jianping; Wang, Lanning

    2016-09-01

    The impact of early and late Bay of Bengal (BoB) summer monsoon (BoBSM) onset on Asian precipitation in May is investigated. When the BoBSM occurs earlier (later), May rainfall tends to be enhanced (suppressed) in the southern Indian peninsula (SIP), the Indochinese peninsula (ICP), southwest China (SWC) and the South China Sea (SCS), while south China (SC) rainfall tends to be suppressed (enhanced). When the BoBSM occurs earlier than the climatological mean (late April), strong convective activity emerges earlier over the BoB, which causes local strong convective heating earlier. Then, earlier spread of heating in the BoB towards both sides leads to earlier retreat of the subtropical highs in the western Pacific (WPSH) and Indian Ocean outwards the BoB. Thus, compared to the climatological mean, the two subtropical highs present larger retreat outwards the BoB and smaller meridional extent over the SCS and Arabian Sea in May, which contributes to positive heating anomalies over the SCS and Arabian Sea. Therefore, anomalous cyclonic circulations occur over the BoB, SCS and Arabian Sea in May. Anomalous cyclonic circulation is favorable for low-level convergence over the SIP, and thus resulting in local heavy rainfall. Associated with cyclonic circulation anomalies over the BoB and SCS, anomalous low-level convergent winds and ascending flows favor positive precipitation anomalies in the ICP, SWC, and SCS, while anomalous northeasterlies and descending flows affected by the southward retreat of the WPSH lessen SC rainfall. In late onset years the opposite occurs.

  4. Air Pollution over North-West Bay of Bengal in the Early Post-Monsoon Season Based on NASA MERRAero Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kishcha, Pavel; DaSilva, Arlindo M.; Starobinets, Boris; Alpert, Pinhas

    2013-01-01

    The MERRA Aerosol Reanalysis (MERRAero) has been recently developed at NASA's Global Modeling Assimilation Office (GMAO). This reanalysis is based on a version of the GEOS-5 model radiatively coupled with GOCART aerosols, and it includes assimilation of bias-corrected Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) from the MODIS sensor on both Terra and Aqua satellites. Our main finding is that, in October, in the absence of aerosol sources in north-west Bay of Bengal (BoB), MERRAero showed increasing AOT trends over north-west BoB exceeding those over the east of the Ganges basin. The Ganges basin is characterized by significant population growth accompanied by developing industry, agriculture, and increasing transportation: this has resulted in declining air quality. MERRAero data for the period 2002-2009 was used to study AOT trends over north-west Bay of Bengal (BoB) in the early post-monsoon season. This season is characterized by aerosol transport from the Ganges basin to north-west BoB by prevailing winds; and still significant rainfall of over 150 mmmonth. Different aerosol components showed strong increasing AOT trends over north-west BoB. The following factors contributed to the increasing AOT trend over the area in question in October: an increasing number of days when prevailing winds blew from land to sea, resulting in a drier environment and an increase in air pollution over north-west BoB; wind convergence was observed over north-west BoB causing the accumulation of aerosol particles over that region, when prevailing winds blew from land to sea. MERRAero aerosol reanalysis can be used on a global scale.

  5. Obituary: Robert C. Bless (1927 - 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surrounded by his loving family, Robert Charles Bless died at home on November 29th, three days before his 88th birthday. He was born in Ithaca, NY on Dec. 3, 1927 to a Russian father, Arthur Aaron Bless, and a French mother, Eva Chantrell Bless. Bob spent many summers on the family farm in the South of France, where he gained a great pride and joy in his French heritage, large extended family, and mother tongue. As a child growing up in Gainesville, FL, Bob's first job was snake wrangling, earning 10 cents per foot, with an added bonus for the more venomous species. Young Robbie took daily adventures in the Florida woods and swamps, armed only with pockets full of pecans and oranges. He enjoyed spending time at the family's lake cabin, where he learned to sail and helped his father plant acres of trees to grow their timber plantation. As a first generation immigrant, Bob's father received a PhD in physics, which inspired Bob to pursue an extensive educational route in astrophysics. Bob excelled in academics, graduating high school at the age of 16 and the University of Florida (B.Sc.) at 19. His path to graduate school was interrupted by a diagnosis of tuberculosis that forced him into a Florida sanitorium for one year. During this time, Bob made the most of what he described as the most dismal part of life by advocating for patient rights, initiating an inter-sanitorium newsletter, and gaining skills and experience in community organization and leadership - qualities that would later inform his leadership in academe. After being one of the first successfully treated tuberculosis patients in the US, Bob went on to earn a M.Sc. from Cornell University, and received his PhD degree in Astronomy from the University of Michigan in 1958. That same year, Bob joined the staff of the Astronomy Department of the University of Wisconsin (UW), Madison. It was there that Bob met Diane McQueen. Despite Bob's Dodge Dart and what has been described as the worst first date in

  6. Secure communication via quantum illumination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Jeffrey H.; Zhang, Zheshen; Wong, Franco N. C.

    2014-10-01

    In the quantum illumination protocol for secure communication, Alice prepares entangled signal and idler beams via spontaneous parametric downconversion. She sends the signal beam to Bob, while retaining the idler. Bob imposes message modulation on the beam he receives from Alice, amplifies it, and sends it back to her. Alice then decodes Bob's information by making a joint quantum measurement on the light she has retained and the light she has received from him. The basic performance analysis for this protocol—which demonstrates its immunity to passive eavesdropping, in which Eve can only listen to Alice and Bob's transmissions—is reviewed, along with the results of its first proof-of-principle experiment. Further analysis is then presented, showing that secure data rates in excess of 1 Gbps may be possible over 20-km-long fiber links with technology that is available or under development. Finally, an initial scheme for thwarting active eavesdropping, in which Eve injects her own light into Bob's terminal, is proposed and analyzed.

  7. Influence of Summer Monsoon on Asymmetric Bimodal Pattern of Tropical Cyclogenesis Frequency over the Bay of Bengal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XING Wen; HUANG Fei

    2013-01-01

    influence of summer monsoon on tropical cyclone (TC) genesis over the Bay of Bengal (BoB) is explored using an empirical genesis potential (GP) index.The annual cycle of cyclogenesis frequency over the BoB shows an asymmetric bimodal pattern with the maximum genesis number appearing in late October and the second largest in early May.The two peaks correspond to the withdrawal and onset of the BoB summer monsoon,respectively.The semimonthly GP index calculated without TC days over the BoB is consistent with TC genesis frequency,indicating that the index captures the monsoon-induced changes in the environment that are responsible for the seasonal variation of TC genesis frequency.Of the four environmental variables (i.e.,low-level vorticity,mid-level relative humidity,potential intensity,and vertical wind shear) that enter into the GP index,the potential intensity makes the largest contribution to the bimodal distribution,followed by vertical wind shear due to small wind speed during the summer monsoon onset and withdrawal.The difference in TC genesis frequency between autumn and late spring is mainly owing to the relative humidity difference because a divergence (convergence) of horizontal moisture flux associated with cold dry northerlies (warm wet westerlies) dominates the BoB in late spring (autumn).

  8. Spatial and temporal variability of chlorophyll in Bay of Bengal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jutla, A.; Akanda, S.; Islam, S.

    2009-04-01

    The Bay of Bengal (BoB) receives approximately 628 km3/ year of freshwater discharge from the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. Freshwater discharge from rivers increases the nutrient load and thereby enhances phytoplankton production in the BoB. Cholera, an infectious water-borne disease caused by bacterium Vibrio cholerae, remains endemic in the BoB region. Phytoplankton provides favorable environment for survival of cholera bacteria. Therefore, for development of any predictive model for cholera, it is important to quantify the spatial and temporal variability of phytoplankton in the BoB. Satellite remote sensing is the most effective way to quantify this variability over a range of space and time scales. Using ten years (1998-2007) of daily, weekly and monthly SeaWiFs chlorophyll, a surrogate variable for measuring phytoplankton, imagery we explore the spatial pattern and dominant temporal variability of chlorophyll over the BoB region. We find that chlorophyll in the coastal waters has more variability, both in temporal and spatial scales, than the offshore waters. Mechanism of production and space-time variability of coastal chlorophyll is different from those of offshore chlorophyll. While coastal chlorophyll is dominated by influx of terrestrial nutrients through river discharge, chlorophyll in the offshore region is primarily controlled by oceanic processes. We will also explore issues related to dominant space and time scales of chlorophyll variations in the entire bay.

  9. Measurement of ambient NH{sub 3} over Bay of Bengal during WICARB Campaign

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, S.K.; Mandal, T.K.; Saxena, M.; Singh, S. [CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi (India); Singh, A.K.; Ghosh, S.K.; Raha, S. [Centre for Astroparticle Physics and Space Science, Darjeeling, West Bengal (India). Bose Inst.; Centre for Astroparticle Physics and Space Science, Kolkata, West Bengal (India). Bose Inst.; Saud, T. [CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi (India); Guru Govind Singh Indraprastha Univ., New Delhi (India)

    2012-07-01

    Concentrations of ambient NH{sub 3}, NO, NO{sub 2} and SO{sub 2} were measured over Bay of Bengal (BoB) during 28 December 2008 to 25 January 2009 to study their diurnal variation and relationship of NH{sub 3} with other trace gases over BoB. The measurements were done under the winter phase of Integrated Campaign on Aerosols and Radiation Budget (WICARB). For the first time, ambient NH{sub 3} was monitored precisely over BoB based on chemiluminescence method, having estimation efficiency more precise than the chemical trap method. The average concentration of ambient NH{sub 3}, NO, NO{sub 2} and SO{sub 2} were recorded as 4.78{+-}1.68, 1.89{+-}1.26, 0.31{+-}0.14 and 0.80{+-}0.30 {mu}gm{sup -3}, respectively, over BoB. The prominent latitudinal and longitudinal variations of the trace gases were observed over BoB, whereas NH{sub 3} and NO showed the non-significant diurnal variation. Results reveal that the concentration of ambient NH{sub 3} negatively correlated with ambient NO{sub 2} (r{sup 2} =.0.56), SO{sub 2} (r{sup 2} =.0.58) and ambient temperature (r{sup 2} =.0.27) during the study. (orig.)

  10. Controlled quantum teleportation and secure direct communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Ting; Yan Feng-Li; Wang Zhi-Xi

    2005-01-01

    We present a controlled quantum teleportation protocol. In the protocol, quantum information of an unknown state of a 2-level particle is faithfully transmitted from a sender Alice to a remote receiver Bob via an initially shared triplet of entangled particles under the control of the supervisor Charlie. The distributed entangled particles shared by Alice, Bob and Charlie function as a quantum information channel for faithful transmission. We also propose a controlled and secure direct communication scheme by means of this teleportation. After ensuring the security of the quantum channel, Alice encodes the secret message directly on a sequence of particle states and transmits them to Bob supervised by Charlie using this controlled quantum teleportation. Bob can read out the encoded message directly by the measurement on his qubit. In this scheme, the controlled quantum teleportation transmits Alice's message without revealing any information to a potential eavesdropper. Because there is not a transmission of the qubit carrying the secret message between Alice and Bob in the public channel, it is completely secure for controlled and direct secret communication if perfect quantum channel is used. The special feature of this scheme is that the communication between two sides depends on the agreement of a third side to co-operate.

  11. Controlled quantum secure direct communication by entanglement distillation or generalized measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Xiaoqing; Zhang, Xiaoqian

    2016-05-01

    We propose two controlled quantum secure communication schemes by entanglement distillation or generalized measurement. The sender Alice, the receiver Bob and the controllers David and Cliff take part in the whole schemes. The supervisors David and Cliff can control the information transmitted from Alice to Bob by adjusting the local measurement angles θ _4 and θ _3. Bob can verify his secret information by classical one-way function after communication. The average amount of information is analyzed and compared for these two methods by MATLAB. The generalized measurement is a better scheme. Our schemes are secure against some well-known attacks because classical encryption and decoy states are used to ensure the security of the classical channel and the quantum channel.

  12. Asymmetric quantum dialogue in noisy environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Anindita; Shukla, Chitra; Thapliyal, Kishore; Pathak, Anirban; Panigrahi, Prasanta K.

    2017-02-01

    A notion of asymmetric quantum dialogue (AQD) is introduced. Conventional protocols of quantum dialogue are essentially symmetric as the users (Alice and Bob) can encode the same amount of classical information. In contrast, the proposed scheme for AQD provides different amount of communication powers to Alice and Bob. The proposed scheme offers an architecture, where the entangled state to be used and the encoding scheme to be shared between Alice and Bob depend on the amount of classical information they want to exchange with each other. The general structure for the AQD scheme has been obtained using a group theoretic structure of the operators introduced in Shukla et al. (Phys Lett A 377:518, 2013). The effect of different types of noises (e.g., amplitude damping and phase damping noise) on the proposed scheme is investigated, and it is shown that the proposed scheme for AQD is robust and it uses an optimized amount of quantum resources.

  13. Physical Layer Security with Uncoordinated Helpers Implementing Cooperative Jamming

    CERN Document Server

    Luo, Shuangyu; Petropulu, Athina

    2012-01-01

    A wireless communication network is considered, consisting of a source (Alice), a destination (Bob) and an eavesdropper (Eve), each equipped with a single antenna. The communication is assisted by multiple helpers, each equipped with two antennas, which implement cooperative jamming, i.e., transmitting noise to confound Eve. The optimal structure of the jamming noise that maximizes the secrecy rate is derived. A nulling noise scenario is also considered, in which each helper transmits noise that nulls out at Bob. Each helper only requires knowledge of its own link to Bob to determine the noise locally. For the optimally structured noise, global information of all the links is required. Although analysis shows that under the two-antenna per helper scenario the nulling solution is sub-optimal in terms of the achievable secrecy rate, simulations show that the performance difference is rather small, with the inexpensive and easy to implement nulling scheme performing near optimal.

  14. Hiding Quantum Information in the Perfect Code

    CERN Document Server

    Shaw, Bilal A

    2010-01-01

    We present and analyze a protocol for quantum steganography where the sender (Alice) encodes her steganographic information into the error syndromes of the perfect (five-qubit) quantum error-correcting code, and sends it to the receiver (Bob) over a depolarizing channel. Alice and Bob share a classical secret key, and hide quantum information in such a way that to an eavesdropper (Eve) without access to the secret key, the quantum message looks like an innocent codeword with a typical sequence of quantum errors. We calculate the average rate of key consumption, and show how the protocol improves in performance as information is spread over multiple codeword blocks. Alice and Bob utilize different encodings to optimize the average number of steganographic bits that they can send to each other while matching the error statistics of the depolarizing channel.

  15. Entanglement creation and distribution on a graph of exchange-coupled qutrits

    CERN Document Server

    Hadley, C; Bose, S; Hadley, Christopher; Serafini, Alessio; Bose, Sougato

    2005-01-01

    We propose a protocol that allows both the creation and distribution of entanglement, resulting in two distant parties (Alice and Bob) conclusively sharing a bipartite Bell State. The system considered is as graph of three-level objects ("qutrits") coupled by SU(3) exchange operators. The protocol begins with a third party (Charlie) encoding two lattice sites in unentangled states, and allowing unitary evolution under time. Alice and Bob perform a projective measurement on their respective qutrits at a given time, and obtain a maximally-entangled Bell state with a certain probablility. We also consider two protocols, one based on simple repetition and the other based on successive measurements and conditional resetting, and show that the cumulative probability of creating a Bell state between Alice and Bob tends to unity.

  16. Secure Capacity Region for Erasure Broadcast Channels with Feedback

    CERN Document Server

    Czap, László; Diggavi, Suhas; Fragouli, Christina

    2011-01-01

    We formulate and study a cryptographic problem relevant to wireless: a sender, Alice, wants to transmit private messages to two receivers, Bob and Calvin, using unreliable wireless broadcast transmissions and short public feedback from Bob and Calvin. We ask, at what rates can we broadcast the private messages if we also provide (information-theoretic) unconditional security guarantees that Bob and Calvin do not learn each-other's message? We characterize the largest transmission rates to the two receivers, for any protocol that provides unconditional security guarantees. We design a protocol that operates at any rate-pair within the above region, uses very simple interactions and operations, and is robust to misbehaving users.

  17. Probabilistic Teleportation of an Unknown One-Particle State by a Three-Particle General W State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIU Xiao-Ming; DONG Li; GAO Ya-Jun

    2007-01-01

    Two schemes for teleporting an unknown one-particle state are proposed when a general W state is utilized as quantum channel.In the first scheme,after the sender (Alice) makes a Bell-state measurement on her particles,the recipient (Bob) performs a Von Neumann measurement and introduces an auxiliary particle,and carries out a unitary transformation on his particle and the auxiliary particle,and performs a Von Neumann measurement on the auxiliary particle to confirm whether the teleportation succeeds or not.In the second scheme,the recipient (Bob) does not need to perform the first Von Neumann measurement or introduce the auxiliary particle,which is necessary in the first scheme.It is shown that the maximal probabilities of successful teleportation of the two schemes are identical if the recipient (Bob) performs an appropriate unitary transformation and adopts a proper particle on which he recovers the quantum information of state to be teleported.

  18. On the Communication Complexity of Secure Function Evaluation with Long Output

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hubacek, Pavel; Wichs, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    We study the communication complexity of secure function evaluation (SFE). Consider a setting where Alice has a short input χA, Bob has an input χB and we want Bob to learn some function y = f(χA, χB) with large output size. For example, Alice has a small secret decryption key, Bob has a large......-but-curious SFE protocol whose communication complexity only scales with that of the best insecure protocol for evaluating the desired function, independent of the output size. Our construction relies on a novel way of using iO via a new tool that we call a 'somewhere statistically binding (SSB) hash', and which...

  19. Bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs)-on-Beads™ as a diagnostic platform for the rapid aneuploidy screening of products of conception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheath, Karen L; Duffy, Lisa; Asquith, Philip; Love, Donald R; George, Alice M

    2013-08-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of KaryoLite™ bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs)‑on‑Beads™ (BoBs) technology for the rapid screening of products of conception (POC). Validation and prospective studies were carried out on 85 and 95 patient samples, respectively. Validation studies had previously been analyzed using routine culture and G-banded karyotyping. BoBs resulted in an abnormality detection frequency of 27%, with a failure rate of <3%. The time required for processing was significantly lower compared with that of tissue culture. In conclusion, BoBs technology decreased the failure rate, while increasing the analytical sensitivity compared with G-banded karyotype analysis alone. Additionally, significant cost savings may be achieved with regard to the time of processing and analysis of specimens.

  20. Automatic Program Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    by members of the IFIP Working Group 2.1 of which Bob was an active member. All papers are related to some of the research interests of Bob and, in particular, to the transformational development of programs and their algorithmic derivation from formal specifications. Automatic Program Development offers......Automatic Program Development is a tribute to Robert Paige (1947-1999), our accomplished and respected colleague, and moreover our good friend, whose untimely passing was a loss to our academic and research community. We have collected the revised, updated versions of the papers published in his...... honor in the Higher-Order and Symbolic Computation Journal in the years 2003 and 2005. Among them there are two papers by Bob: (i) a retrospective view of his research lines, and (ii) a proposal for future studies in the area of the automatic program derivation. The book also includes some papers...

  1. One Is a Claim, Two Is a Defense: Bringing an End to the Equal Opportunity Harasser Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark J. McCullough

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Consider the following three workplace scenarios. Alice, a female employee at ABC corporation, has been subjected to almost continuous harassment by her immediate supervisor, Bob, for the past two months. Several times each week, Bob makes crude and sexually suggestive comments and, on numerous occasions, Bob has touched Alice inappropriately in the workplace. Assuming Alice attempts to remedy this situation in a reasonable time period and her employer has unreasonably failed “to prevent and correct promptly any sexually harassing behavior,” Alice will most likely be able to bring a hostile workplace sex discrimination claim against her employer for Bob’s sexual harassment under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.3

  2. Interactive simulations for quantum key distribution

    CERN Document Server

    Kohnle, Antje

    2016-01-01

    Secure communication protocols are becoming increasingly important, e.g. for internet-based communication. Quantum key distribution allows two parties, commonly called Alice and Bob, to generate a secret sequence of 0s and 1s called a key that is only known to themselves. Classically, Alice and Bob could never be certain that their communication was not compromised by a malicious eavesdropper. Quantum mechanics however makes secure communication possible. The fundamental principle of quantum mechanics that taking a measurement perturbs the system (unless the measurement is compatible with the quantum state) also applies to an eavesdropper. Using appropriate protocols to create the key, Alice and Bob can detect the presence of an eavesdropper by errors in their measurements. As part of the QuVis Quantum Mechanics Visualization Project, we have developed a suite of four interactive simulations that demonstrate the basic principles of three different quantum key distribution protocols. The simulations use either...

  3. Securing Communication via Transmission of Artificial Noise by Both Sides: Bipolar-Beamforming Optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongkai Zhou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the secure transmission in a wireless environment in which both the transmitter (Alice and the legitimate receiver (Bob send artificial noise (AN to interfere with the eavesdropper (Eve. Optimal design is analyzed in detail for this AN-by-both-side model to deal with Eve’s stochastic channel condition and random spatial distribution. Bipolar-beamforming is first proposed to jointly design Alice and Bob’s transmitting signals. By optimally assigning the transmitting antenna for Bob and allocating the power ratio between Alice’s information and the AN signal, maximum secrecy capacity can be achieved. Simulation is done to illustrate the process of bipolar-beamforming optimization. Results show that the AN-by-both-side model has good secrecy performance on both average and extreme conditions as Eve approaches Alice or Bob.

  4. Multi-agent controlled teleportation of multi-qubit quantum information via two-step protocol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Jie

    2005-01-01

    Utilizing both the general quantum teleportation and the two-step protocol, a new method is presented by which multi-qubit quantum information can be teleported in a much easier way from a sender Alice to a receiver Bob via the control of many agents in a network than by Yang et al's method. In this method, only all the agents collaborate with Bob can the unknown states in Alice's qubits be fully reconstructed in Bob's qubits. Comparisons between the method and Yang et al's method are made. Results show that, in this method, the preparation difficulty of initial states and the identification difficulty of entangled states are considerably reduced, new method is more feasible in technique, and Hadamard operations are not needed at all.

  5. 修订版《新标准英语》(一起)一(下)Module 6 Unit 1 These snakes are short

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈羽

    2015-01-01

    教学过程一、Warm-up(热身环节)(略)二、Lead-in(导入环节)1.Show some pictures of dog.Ask Ss what animal is it?借助道具逐个呈现Bob的拼图,引导学生发现并复习学过的chant"Bob,Bob,Bob,it’s an orange dog."同时自然过渡到文本。T:I’ll show you another dog.What color is it?Ss:It’s a yellow dog.T:What else can you see in the picture?Ss:I can see a white cat.T:A dog and a cat,so what’s the matter?

  6. Common knowledge: Now you have it, now you don`t?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fagin, R.; Halpern, J.Y. [IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA (United States); Moses, Y. [Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot (Israel); Vardi, M.Y. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The notion of common knowledge, where everyone knows, everyone knows that everyone knows, etc., has proven to be fundamental in various disciplines, including Philosophy, Artificial Intelligence, Economics, and Psychology. This key notion was first studied by the philosopher David Lewis in the context of conventions. Lewis pointed out that in order for something to be a convention, it must in fact be common knowledge among the members of a group. (For example, the convention that green means {open_quotes}go{close_quotes} and red means {open_quotes}stop{close_quotes} is presumably common knowledge among the drivers in our society.) Common knowledge also arises in discourse understanding. Suppose Ann asks Bob {open_quotes}What did you think of the movie?{close_quotes} referring to a showing of Monkey Business they have just seen. Not only must Ann and Bob both know that {open_quotes}the movie{close_quotes} refers to Monkey Business, but Ann must know that Bob knows, Bob must know that Ann knows that Bob knows, and so on. In fact, by a closer analysis of this situation, it can be shown that there must be common knowledge of what movie is meant in order for Bob to answer the question appropriately. Finally, common knowledge also turns out to be a prerequisite for agreement and coordinated action in distributed systems. This is precisely what makes it such a crucial notion in the analysis of interacting groups of agents. On the other hand, in practical settings common knowledge is impossible to achieve. This puts us in a somewhat paradoxical situation, in that we claim both that common knowledge is a prerequisite for agreement and coordinated action and that it cannot be attained. We discuss two answers to this paradox: Modeling the world with a coarser granularity, and relaxing the requirements for coordination.

  7. Interannual variation of tropical cyclone energy metrics over North Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohapatra, M.; Vijay Kumar, V.

    2017-03-01

    There is decreasing trend in the tropical cyclone (TC) number over the North Indian Ocean (NIO) in recent years, though there is increasing trend in the sea surface temperature (SST) which is one of the main environmental parameters for the development and intensification of TCs. Hence, a study has been performed to understand whether any trend exists in other TC parameters such as velocity flux (VF), accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) and power dissipation index (PDI). The interseasonal and interannual variations of VF, ACE and PDI for the NIO as a whole and Bay of Bengal (BOB) and Arabian Sea (AS) are analysed based on the data of 1990-2013 (24 years). Role of large scale features like El Nino southern oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean dipole (IOD) have also been analyzed. The mean ACE per year for TCs [maximum sustained wind of 34 knots (kt) or more] over the NIO is about 13.1 × 104 kt2 including 9.5 × 104 kt2 over the BOB and 3.6 × 104 kt2 over the AS. The mean PDI per year for TCs over the NIO is about 10 × 106 kt3 including 3 × 106 kt3 over the AS and 7 × 106 kt3 over the BOB. The VF, ACE and PDI of TCs are significantly less over BOB during post-monsoon season (Oct.-Dec.) of El Nino years than in La Nina and normal years. The VF for TCs over the BOB during post-monsoon season is significantly less (higher) during positive (negative) IOD years. There is significant decreasing trend at 95 % level of confidence in ACE and PDI of TCs over AS during post-monsoon season and PDI over the BOB and NIO during pre-monsoon season mainly due to similar trend in average intensity of TCs and not due to trends in SST over Nino regions or IOD index.

  8. Interannual variation of tropical cyclone energy metrics over North Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohapatra, M.; Vijay Kumar, V.

    2016-05-01

    There is decreasing trend in the tropical cyclone (TC) number over the North Indian Ocean (NIO) in recent years, though there is increasing trend in the sea surface temperature (SST) which is one of the main environmental parameters for the development and intensification of TCs. Hence, a study has been performed to understand whether any trend exists in other TC parameters such as velocity flux (VF), accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) and power dissipation index (PDI). The interseasonal and interannual variations of VF, ACE and PDI for the NIO as a whole and Bay of Bengal (BOB) and Arabian Sea (AS) are analysed based on the data of 1990-2013 (24 years). Role of large scale features like El Nino southern oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean dipole (IOD) have also been analyzed. The mean ACE per year for TCs [maximum sustained wind of 34 knots (kt) or more] over the NIO is about 13.1 × 104 kt2 including 9.5 × 104 kt2 over the BOB and 3.6 × 104 kt2 over the AS. The mean PDI per year for TCs over the NIO is about 10 × 106 kt3 including 3 × 106 kt3 over the AS and 7 × 106 kt3 over the BOB. The VF, ACE and PDI of TCs are significantly less over BOB during post-monsoon season (Oct.-Dec.) of El Nino years than in La Nina and normal years. The VF for TCs over the BOB during post-monsoon season is significantly less (higher) during positive (negative) IOD years. There is significant decreasing trend at 95 % level of confidence in ACE and PDI of TCs over AS during post-monsoon season and PDI over the BOB and NIO during pre-monsoon season mainly due to similar trend in average intensity of TCs and not due to trends in SST over Nino regions or IOD index.

  9. Black carbon and carbon monoxide over Bay of Bengal during W_ICARB: Source characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girach, I. A.; Nair, Vijayakumar S.; Babu, S. Suresh; Nair, Prabha R.

    2014-09-01

    The ship borne measurements of near-surface black carbon (BC) and carbon monoxide (CO) were carried out over Bay of Bengal (BoB) during the winter period of 2009 under W_ICARB, the second phase of ‘Integrated Campaign for Aerosols, gases and Radiation Budget (ICARB)'. The CO mixing ratio and BC mass concentration varied in the ranges of 80-480 ppbv and 75-10,000 ng m-3, respectively over this marine region. The BC and CO showed similar variations over northern BoB where airmass from Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) region prevailed during the observations period leading to a very strong positive correlation. The association of BC and CO was poor over the eastern and southern part of BoB could be due to the removal of BC aerosols by rain and/or processes of dilution and mixing while transported over to BoB. The highest value of CO observed over eastern BoB was partially due to biomass burning over East Asia. The BC/CO ratio for IGP airmass found to be 20.3 ng m-3 ppb-1 and ∼16 ng m-3 ppb-1 during winter and pre-monsoon, respectively which indicate the role of biomass burning as the source of BC over the region. Based on the emission flux of CO from various inventories and observed BC/CO ratios during pre-monsoon and winter, the BC emission for India is estimated to be in the range of 0.78-1.23 Tg year-1. The analysis of scavenging of BC revealed the loss rate of BC due to relative humidity 0.39 ± 0.08 ng m-3 ppb-1 RH (%)-1 over northern BoB and 0.53 ± 0.04 ng m-3 ppb-1 RH (%)-1 over the southern-BoB during winter.

  10. ENSO-Modulated Cyclogenesis over the Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Felton, C.S.; Subrahmanyam, B.; Murty, V.S.N.

    coastlines as well as further inland. The Bay of Bengal (BoB) is one of the more vulnerable regions to these effects due to its low-lying topography and population density along the coastline. The BoB is a semi-enclosed ocean-basin, located in the Northern... on the temporal fields, a 15-day filter is also applied. 10-meter wind estimates are linearly interpolated onto a 2° x 2° grid from the original Gaussian grid in order to perform the filtering method. Comparisons between high-pass filtered and smoothed linearly...

  11. Chemical characteristics of aerosols in MABL of Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea during spring inter-monsoon: A comparative study

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ashwini Kumar; A K Sudheer; M M Sarin

    2008-07-01

    The chemical composition of aerosols in the Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer (MABL) of Bay of Bengal (BoB) and Arabian Sea (AS) has been studied during the spring and inter-monsoon (March–May 2006) based on the analysis of water soluble constituents (Na+, NH$^{+}_{4}$, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Cl−, NO$^{−}_{3}$ and SO$^{2−}_{4}$), crustal elements (Al, Fe, and Ca) and carbonaceous species (EC, OC). The total suspended particulates (TSP) ranged from 5.2 to 46.6 g m−3 and 8.2 to 46.9 g m−3 during the sampling transects in the BoB and AS respectively. The water-soluble species, on average, accounted for 44% and 33% of TSP over BoB and AS respectively, with dominant contribution of SO$^{2−}_{4}$ over both the oceanic regions. However, distinct differences with respect to elevated abundances of NH$^{+}_{4}$ in the MABL of BoB and that of Na+ and Ca2+ in AS are clearly evident. The non-sea-salt component of SO$^{2−}_{4}$ ranging from 82 to 98% over BoB and 35 to 98% over AS; together with nss-Ca2+/nss-$SO^{2−}_{4}$ equivalent ratios 0.12 to 0.5 and 0.2 to 1.16, respectively, provide evidence for the predominance of anthropogenic constituents and chemical transformation processes occurring within MABL. The concentrations of OC and EC average around 1.9 and 0.4 g m−3 in BoB and exhibit a decreasing trend from north to south; however, abundance of these carbonaceous species are not significantly pronounced over AS. The abundance of Al, used as a proxy for mineral aerosols, varied from 0.2 to 1.9 g m−3 over BoB and AS, with a distinctly different spatial pattern – decreasing north to south in BoB in contrast to an increasing pattern in the Arabian Sea.

  12. 英国焊接研究所代表团访问北京航空制造工程研究所

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    君扬

    2004-01-01

    2004年10月15~22日,以所长Bob John博士、Bob Dawkins博士和Steve Shi博士为代表的英国焊接研究所(TWI)代表团访问了中国航空工业第一集团公司北京航空制造工程研究所(BAMTRI)。BAMTRI所长郭恩明教授、副所长王亚军教授、关桥院士等接待了TWI的贵宾,

  13. Implementation of a multiple round quantum dense coding using nuclear magnetic resonance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Jingfu; XIE; Jingyi; WANG; Chuan; DENG; Zhiwei; LU

    2005-01-01

    A multiple round quantum dense coding scheme based on the quantum phase estimation algorithm is proposed and implemented in a three qubit nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) quantum computer. Using an m + 1 qubit system, Bob can transmit one of 2m+1 messages to Alice, through manipulating only one qubit and exchanging it between Alice and Bob for m rounds. The information capacity is enhanced to m + 1 bits as compared to m bits in a classical scheme. The scheme has been demonstrated in NMR system, and the experimental results show a good agreement between theory and experiment.

  14. Linking Indian rivers vs Bay of Bengal monsoon Activity

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rajamani, V.; Mohanty, U.C.; Ramesh, R.; Bhat, G.S.; Vinayachandran, P.N.; Sengupta, D.; PrasannaKumar, S.; Kolli, R.K.

    exceeds the loss due to evaporation substantially. This tends to make the water of the BOB rel a tively less saline compared to other oceans and the low sali nity is co n fined to the top ~ 10 ? 20 m layer. There is a strong se a sonal depen... and south Indian Ocean and also over the east Ar a bian Sea. Density of sea water increases with s a- li n ity. The low - salinity layer at the BOB, is therefore a layer of less dense water floa t ing on denser water below as a stratified layer...

  15. Teleportation of N-Particle Entangled GHZ State via Entanglement Swapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHA Jin-Qiao; FANG Jian-Xing; ZHU Shi-Qun; JIANG Wei-Xing; QIAN Xue-Min

    2006-01-01

    In this scheme, N non-maximally entangled particle pairs are used as quantum channel to teleport an unknown N-particle entangled GHZ state via entanglement swapping. In order to realize this teleportation, the sender Alice operates Bell-state measurement on particles belonging to herself. Then she informs the results to the receiver Bob through classical communication. According to the results, Bob operates corresponding transformation to reconstruct the initial state. The advantage of this scheme is that it needs only one common unitary matrix for Alice's different results, which has a more general meaning. As a special case, teleporting an unknown three-particle entangled GHZ state is proposed.

  16. Bull’s-Eye Structure with a Sub-Wavelength Circular Aperture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    it allows importing CAD files designed with other software, such as SolidWorks and AutoCAD . BobCAD is mainly used for programming G-code for CNC...necessary to change “Material” from “Soft Steel” to Teflon because the feed rate and speeds will be set manually for this design (desired values will be...entered). The feed rate and speeds will be entered manually because the calculated values by BobCAD are not always the proper values for cutting the

  17. Electrochemical Behaviors of Graphite in an Ethylene Carbonate-Based Electrolyte Containing Two Different Types of Film- Forming Additive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sa Rang Yoon and Soon-Ki Jeong

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Electrochemical reactions occurring at a graphite electrode were investigated to gain insight into the effects of film-forming additives such as vinylene carbonate, fluoroethlyene carbonate (FEC and lithium bis(oxalato borate (LiBOB on surface film formation on the electrode. The surface film generated in the presence of a mixture of FEC and LiBOB was found to have the certain characteristics that are important in the initial charging and discharging process. The mixture produced a highly resistive film on the graphite electrode, resulting in an improvement in Coulombic efficiency.

  18. Actively Secure Two-Party Evaluation of Any Quantum Operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupuis, Frédéric; Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Salvail, Louis

    2012-01-01

    We provide the first two-party protocol allowing Alice and Bob to evaluate privately even against active adversaries any completely positive, trace-preserving map , given as a quantum circuit, upon their joint quantum input state . Our protocol leaks no more to any active adversary than an ideal ...... functionality for provided Alice and Bob have the cryptographic resources for active secure two-party classical computation. Our protocol is constructed from the protocol for the same task secure against specious adversaries presented in [4]....

  19. Obituary: Ralph Robert Robbins, Jr., 1938-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemenway, Mary Kay; Jefferys, William H.; Lambert, David L.

    2007-12-01

    Ralph Robert Robbins, Jr., died on 2 December 2005, in Kyle, Texas. His wife, Maria Elena Robbins, his daughters Julia Robbins Kelso and Stephanie Juarez Balles, his son Matthew Juarez, and five grandchildren survive him. Bob was on the faculty at the University of Texas from 1968 until his retirement in 2003. Bob was born in Wichita, Kansas, on 2 September 1938, the only son of Mildred and Ralph Robert Robbins, Sr. Guided by his high school's policy to provide a practical education to children of working-class parents, Bob began high school with a heavy dose of vocational courses until the results of a test indicated his special talent in mathematics. He was awarded a full scholarship to Yale University, graduating magna cum laude in mathematics in 1960. He won the Warner Prize in Mathematics at Yale that year. He received his Ph.D. in 1966 with a dissertation entitled "The Triplet Spectrum of Neutral Helium in Expanding Nebulae" from the University of California at Berkeley. His interest in college teaching was ignited at this time through summer teaching positions at San Mateo California Junior College and the Ohio State University. Following a year at Texas as a McDonald Observatory Post-doctoral Fellow, Bob taught for a year in the physics department of the University of Houston before returning to the University of Texas at Austin as an Assistant Professor of Astronomy in 1968. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1972. Bob's research in the early 1970s on theoretical studies of helium was of vital importance to astronomers for over three decades. These pioneering calculations became vital to observational astronomers in the mid-1990s as interest grew in the primordial helium produced by the Big Bang. Bob's interest and influence in education was international in scope. In the summers 1968-1970, he was a government consultant in Mathematics in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). He consulted with the government that was preparing a master plan for technical

  20. Establishing Viable and Effective Information-Warfare Capability in Developing Nations Based on the U.S. Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    information advantage to deliver warfighting options and effects.62 As noted in May 2010 by Vice Admiral David J, Dorsett, deputy chief of naval...Bob Hume on DoD Education 2009. Accessed October 31, 2012. https://dde.carlisle.army.mil/documents/courses.../ppt/2208-UCP.ppt 81 Information in this...Accessed June 5, 2012. http://www.defencejournal.com/2000/aug/role-media-war.htm Hume , Bob Col. “DoD Education 2009.” Accessed October 31, 2012. https

  1. An efficient quantum secret sharing protocol with orthogonal product states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    An efficient quantum secret sharing protocol with orthogonal product states in the 33 Hilbert space is presented. The particles in the orthogonal product states form two particle sequences. One sequence is sent to Bob and the other is sent to Charlie after rearranging the particle orders. With the help of Alice, Bob and Charlie make the corresponding local measurement to obtain the information of the or- thogonal product states prepared. This protocol has many distinct features such as great capacity and high efficiency.

  2. An efficient quantum secret sharing protocol with orthogonal product states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG YuGuang; WEN QiaoYan; ZHU FuChen

    2007-01-01

    An efficient quantum secret sharing protocol with orthogonal product states in the 3(×)3 Hilbert space is presented. The particles in the orthogonal product states form two particle sequences. One sequence is sent to Bob and the other is sent to Charlie after rearranging the particle orders. With the help of Alice, Bob and Charlie make the corresponding local measurement to obtain the information of the orthogonal product states prepared. This protocol has many distinct features such as great capacity and high efficiency.

  3. A Role for Improved Angular Observations in Geosynchronous Orbit Determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-09-01

    pp 559-568. Jan. 10, 1992. [9] Hyung, Jin Rim, Davis, George W., Schutz , Bob E., "Gravity Tuning Experiments for the Precise Orbit Determination of...AAS 96-185. 126 126 [11] Davis, George W., Schutz , Bob E., "Precise Orbit Determination for the EOS ALT/GLAS Satellite Orbit", AIAA/AAS...34, "SLR", then "SLR (under ’About the CDDIS SLR archive’ section)" links. [26] Leick, Alfred , GPS Satellite Surveying, 2nd Edition, published by John

  4. A Reversible Processor Architecture and its Reversible Logic Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Michael Kirkedal; Axelsen, Holger Bock; Glück, Robert

    2012-01-01

    We describe the design of a purely reversible computing architecture, Bob, and its instruction set, BobISA. The special features of the design include a simple, yet expressive, locally-invertible instruction set, and fully reversible control logic and address calculation. We have designed...... an architecture with an ISA that is expressive enough to serve as the target for a compiler from a high-level structured reversible programming language. All-in-all, this paper demonstrates that the design of a complete reversible computing architecture is possible and can serve as the core of a programmable...

  5. Aiming at Targets: The Autobiography of Robert C. Seamans, Jr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seamans, Robert C., Jr.

    1996-01-01

    Bob Seamans originally was inspired to write this book for his family and friends. That is a large audience. By his own count his immediate family numbers twenty-four, not counting brothers and cousins and their families. His friends are uncounted but surely run to hundreds. As one of them and as a colleague at NASA, I am pleased and honored that he asked me to write this foreword. While written in Bob's unique and informal style, this autobiography has significance for many readers beyond his large circles of family and friends. Leaders and students of large, complex technological endeavors should be able to learn much from reading how Bob faced the daunting technical and management challenges in his career. As the title of this book implies, Bob has always set high goals for himself and then kept his eyes focused on both the necessary details and the broader picture. His ability to shift smoothly among jobs that required seemingly disparate abilities and skills speaks volumes about his insight, dedication, and enthusiasm for achievement. The book spans a truly remarkable life story. Bob first takes us through his growing up, education, and early professional and family life. Next he focuses on the crucial years when he was the general manager of NASA. Then he moves on to his career in the top jobs at the Air Force, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Energy Research and Development Administration. Finally, he touches on his later leadership activities in the academic and business worlds. Aiming at Targets is a series of fascinating topical vignettes covering his professional life. Taken together, like broad brushstrokes in an impressionist painting, they give a better picture of Bob Seamans and his work than a detailed recitation of facts and dates could hope to do. This is a cheerful account of an interesting and successful career. The book is full of good stories, with many memorable characters. Like the proverbial sundial, it counts the sunny hours

  6. Distributed Oblivious Function Evaluation and Its Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-Da Li; Xiong Yang; Deng-Guo Feng; Bao Li

    2004-01-01

    This paper is about distributed oblivious function evaluation (DOFE). In this setting one party (Alice) has a function f(x), and the other party (Bob) with an input α wants to learn f(α) in an oblivious way with the help of a set of servers. What Alice should do is to share her secret function f(x) among the servers. Bob obtains what he should get by interacting with the servers. This paper proposes the model and security requirements for DOFE and analyzes three distributed oblivious polynomial evaluation protocols presented in the paper.

  7. Report of the Aircraft Systems/Flight Test Workshop Held at East Point, Georgia on 8-17 November 1977.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-11-01

    Huhn AFS-130 C. W. Kaiser ASO-213 Bob Klapprott ICT -EMDO-43C Dean Klempel ANW-216 Fred Lee AEA-213 Ev Morris AWE-130 Nina Nance AWE-104 Bob Owens AFS-130... ELTs . Normally, the antenna of the ELT is connected to the ELT . The final stage of the ELT may be a transistor. When the high power FM signal hits...Depending on the coupling of antennas, and the manufacturer of the ELT , you will get interference, and much of my data has to do with what we have

  8. Teleportation of an arbitrary mixture of diagonal states of multiqudit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Du Qian-Hua; Lin Xiu-Min; Chen Zhi-Hua; Lin Gong-Wei; Chen Li-Bo; Gu Yong-Jian

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposes a scheme to teleport an arbitrary mixture of diagonal states of multiqutrit via classical correlation and classical communication. To teleport an arbitrary mixture of diagonal states of N qutrits, N classically correlated pairs of two qutrits are used as channel. The sender (Alice) makes Fourier transform and conditional gate (i.e., XOR(3) gate) on her qutrits and does measurement in appropriate computation bases. Then she sends N ctrits to the receiver (Bob). Based on the received information, Bob performs the corresponding unitary transformation on his qutrits and obtains the teleported state. Teleportation of an arbitrary mixture of diagonal states of multiqudit is also discussed.

  9. Probabilistic remote state preparation by W states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jin-Ming; Wang Yu-Zhu

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we consider a scheme for probabilistic remote state preparation of a general qubit by using W states. The scheme consists of the sender, Alice, and two remote receivers Bob and Carol. Alice performs a projective measurement on her qubit in the basis spanned by the state she wants to prepare and its orthocomplement. This allows either Bob or Carol to reconstruct the state with finite success probability. It is shown that for some special ensembles of qubits, the remote state preparation scheme requires only two classical bits, unlike the case in the scheme of quantum teleportation where three classical bits are needed.

  10. 动物们的快乐创意

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许坚; Elsdato(图)

    2008-01-01

    2007年阿尔塔尼获全场大奖的那张作品——在跑步机上健身的猪,也许大家还记忆犹新。这张照片的作者就是Bob Elsdale。这期的作品赏析栏目,我们选取了Bob Elsdale一组同样幽默风趣、令人忍俊不禁的可爱动物作品。

  11. 半色银样

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    VINCENT

    2009-01-01

    说到底,这已经不是什么新鲜事了,PF Flyers Bob Cousy All American早前已复刻过全绿,全黑及卡其色版本,都是40年代法裔篮球运动员Bob Cousy的专用球鞋。相比较上市之初遭到众人围抢的绿色版本,这款银色的追加版本却有着截然不同的风格。

  12. Probabilistic teleportation of an arbitrary GHZ-class state with a pure entangled two-particle quantum channel and its application in quantum state sharing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a scheme for probabilistic teleportation of an arbitrary GHZ-class state with a pure entangled two-particle quantum channel. The sender Alice first teleports the coefficients of the unknown state to the receiver Bob, and then Bob reconstructs the state with an auxiliary particle and some unitary operations if the teleportation succeeds. This scheme has the advantage of transmitting much less particles for teleporting an arbitrary GHZ-class state than others. Moreover, it discusses the application of this scheme in quantum state sharing.

  13. Filmikurioosumid : Kõige, kõige, kõige filmid : Zorrod läbi aegade / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2002-01-01

    1919. aastal ilmunud Johnston McCulley jutustus "Capistrano needus" pani aluse lugematutele vaeste eest maskis ja pimeduse varjus kättemaksva Zorro lugudele trükisõnas ja kinolinal. Samast tüvest on pärit ka Batmani (looja Bob Kane) ja Supermani lood

  14. Impact of river discharge on the coastal water pH and pCO2 levels during the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) years in the western Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sarma, V.V.S.S.; Paul, Y.S.; Vani, D; Murty, V.S.N.

    and positive IOD (pIOD) event in 2011. Consequently, anomalous onshore easterly surface winds and warmer Sea Surface Temperature (SST) anomalies occurred in the BoB during nIOD event and an anomalous strong alongshore northeastward surface winds and colder SST...

  15. Coupling between suboxic condition in sediments of the western Bay of Bengal and southwest monsoon intensification: A geochemical study

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Pattan, J.N.; Mir, I.A.; Parthiban, G.; Karapurkar, S.G.; Matta, V.M.; Naidu, P.D.; Naqvi, S.W.A.

    (Pattan et al., 2008). Rashid et al., (2007) suggested that the SW monsoon was stronger in the BoB during the Bolling/Allerod event, early Holocene and weaker during the Younger Dryas, and deglacial warming that began around 19 ka was contemporary...

  16. The advantage of higher-order theory of mind in the game of limited bidding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Weerd, H.; Verheij, B.; van Eijck, J.; Verbrugge, L. C.

    2011-01-01

    Higher-order theory of mind is the ability to recursively model mental states of other agents. It is known that adults in general can reason adequately at the second order (covering attributions like "Alice knows that Bob knows that she wrote a novel under pseudonym"), but there are cognitive limits

  17. Can They Find the Right Place?(初二适用)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶丽萍

    2004-01-01

    Mr Green and his son, Bob, rented(租) a boat from Mr Brown. They fished in some places but caught nothing. Then they found a very good place and caught a lot of fish.Now it was late and they were going back home.

  18. Interannual variability of Kelvin wave propagation in the wave guides of the equatorial Indian Ocean, the coastal Bay of Bengal and the southeastern Arabian Sea during 1993-2006

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rao, R.R.; GirishKumar, M.S.; Ravichandran, M.; Rao, A.R.; Gopalakrishna, V.V.; Pankajakshan, T.

    The observed variability of the Kelvin waves and their propagation in the equatorial wave guide of the Indian Ocean and in the coastal wave guides of the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and the southeastern Arabian Sea (AS) on seasonal to interannual time...

  19. High performance optical encryption based on computational ghost imaging with QR code and compressive sensing technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Shengmei; Wang, Le; Liang, Wenqiang; Cheng, Weiwen; Gong, Longyan

    2015-10-01

    In this paper, we propose a high performance optical encryption (OE) scheme based on computational ghost imaging (GI) with QR code and compressive sensing (CS) technique, named QR-CGI-OE scheme. N random phase screens, generated by Alice, is a secret key and be shared with its authorized user, Bob. The information is first encoded by Alice with QR code, and the QR-coded image is then encrypted with the aid of computational ghost imaging optical system. Here, measurement results from the GI optical system's bucket detector are the encrypted information and be transmitted to Bob. With the key, Bob decrypts the encrypted information to obtain the QR-coded image with GI and CS techniques, and further recovers the information by QR decoding. The experimental and numerical simulated results show that the authorized users can recover completely the original image, whereas the eavesdroppers can not acquire any information about the image even the eavesdropping ratio (ER) is up to 60% at the given measurement times. For the proposed scheme, the number of bits sent from Alice to Bob are reduced considerably and the robustness is enhanced significantly. Meantime, the measurement times in GI system is reduced and the quality of the reconstructed QR-coded image is improved.

  20. Controlled remote implementation of partially unknown quantum operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FAN QiuBo; LIU DongDong

    2008-01-01

    A protocol for controlled remote implementation of a partially unknown operation on an arbitrary quantum state is proposed. In this protocol, a task can be performed using a GHZ state shared among three distant parties: Alice, Bob and the controller Charlie. This protocol is also generalized to the multi-party control system based on sharing an N-qubit GHZ state.

  1. First Language Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kallen, Jeffrey L., Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This collection of papers includes the following: "Preface: The Acquisition of Celtic Languages" (Jeffrey L. Kallen); "The Development of Finiteness in Early Welsh" (Robert D. Borsley and Bob Morris Jones); "Acquiring Subject and Object Relatives; Evidence from Irish" (Helen Goodluck, Eithne Guilfoyle, and Sile…

  2. Macroeconomic Effects of Alternative Budgetary Paths

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    an enhanced version of a widely used model developed by Robert Solow . In that model, output depends on the quantity and quality of the labor force...Jared Brewster, Jonathan Huntley, Felix Reichling, Frank Russek, and Bob Shackleton. Robert Greenstein of the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities

  3. EDITORIAL: Stability and nonlinear dynamics of plasmas: A symposium celebrating Professor Robert Dewar's accomplishments in plasma physics Stability and nonlinear dynamics of plasmas: A symposium celebrating Professor Robert Dewar's accomplishments in plasma physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharjee, Amitava

    2012-01-01

    To celebrate Professor Robert Dewar's 65th birthday, a Symposium was held on 31 October 2009 in Atlanta, Georgia, just before the 51st Annual Meeting of the Division of Plasma Physics of the American Physical Society. The Symposium was attended by many of Bob's colleagues, friends, postdoctoral colleagues and students (present and former). Boyd Blackwell, Anthony Cooper, Chris Hegna, Stuart Hudson, John Krommes, Alexander Pletzer, Ellen Zweibel, and I gave talks that covered various aspects of Bob's wide-ranging scholarship, and his leadership in the Australian and the US fusion program. At the Symposium, Bob gave an insightful talk, published in this issue as a paper with D Leykam. This paper makes available for the first time unpublished results from Bob's M Sc Thesis on a general method for calculating the potential around a `dressed' test particle in an isotropic and collisionless plasma. The paper is interesting not only because it provides a glimpse of the type of elegant applied mathematics that we have come to associate with Bob, but also because he discusses some leitmotifs in his intellectual evolution since the time he was a graduate student at the University of Melbourne and Princeton University. Through his early encounter with quantum field theory, Bob appreciated the power of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms, which he used with great effectiveness in nonlinear dynamics and plasma physics. A question that animates much of his work is one that underlies the `dressed' particle problem: if one is given a Hamiltonian with an unperturbed (or `bare') part and an interaction part, how is one to obtain a canonical transformation to `the oscillation centre' thatwould reduce the interaction part to an irreducible residual part while incorporating the rest in a renormalized zeroth-order Hamiltonian? One summer in Princeton, I worked with Bob on a possible variational formulation for this problem, and failed. I was daunted enough by my failure that I turned

  4. У "Бездомного Боба" будет свой "Идиот" / Катрин Кисса и Райнер Сарнет ; интервьюировал Борис Тух

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Кисса, Катрин, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Režissöör Rainer Sarnet teeb filmi F. Dostojevski romaani "Idioot" ainetel. Režissöör, produtsent ning filmistuudio Homeless Bob Production juht Katrin Kissa ja näitleja Tiina Tauraite räägivad filmist

  5. Investigation of Panchromatic Satellite Imagery Sensor Low Bias in Shadow Method Aerosol Optical Depth Retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    also like to thank Professor Richard Olsen, Kurt Nielsen, Mary Jordan, Donna Burych, Bob Creasey and Angela Puetz for assisting and mentoring me...Wehrli, C., 1985: Extraterrestrial Solar Spectrum - Publ. 615. Physical Meterological Observatory and World Radiation Center, Davos Dorf

  6. Quantum key distribution: vulnerable if imperfectly implemented

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leuchs, G.

    2013-10-01

    We report several vulnerabilities found in Clavis2, the flagship quantum key distribution (QKD) system from ID Quantique. We show the hacking of a calibration sequence run by Clavis2 to synchronize the Alice and Bob devices before performing the secret key exchange. This hack induces a temporal detection efficiency mismatch in Bob that can allow Eve to break the security of the cryptosystem using faked states. We also experimentally investigate the superlinear behaviour in the single-photon detectors (SPDs) used by Bob. Due to this superlinearity, the SPDs feature an actual multi-photon detection probability which is generally higher than the theoretically-modelled value. We show how this increases the risk of detector control attacks on QKD systems (including Clavis2) employing such SPDs. Finally, we review the experimental feasibility of Trojan-horse attacks. In the case of Clavis2, the objective is to read Bob's phase modulator to acquire knowledge of his basis choice as this information suffices for constructing the raw key in the Scarani-Acin-Ribordy-Gisin 2004 (SARG04) protocol. We work in close collaboration with ID Quantique and for all these loopholes, we notified them in advance. Wherever possible, we or ID Quantique proposed countermeasures and they implemented suitable patches and upgrade their systems.

  7. Sõltumatud suurused / Märt Milter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milter, Märt

    1999-01-01

    Uute heliuplaatide Beulah "When Your Heartstrings Break", Wisdom Of Harry "Stars Of Super 8", Bardo Pont "Set And Setting", Manatee "Easy", Whispering Bob "Don"t Bring Me Down", Dustball "Like Monkeys Do", Calc "Not Involved", Ronnie Spector "She Talks To Rainbows EP" Everything But The Girl "Five Fathoms", GusGus "This Is Normal", Groove Armada "Vertigo", "DJ-Kicks" tutvustus

  8. Ombuds' Corner: A section leader on a limited-duration contract

    CERN Document Server

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2011-01-01

    In this series, the Bulletin aims to explain the role of the Ombuds at CERN by presenting practical examples of misunderstandings that could have been resolved by the Ombuds if he had been contacted earlier. Please note that, in all the situations we present, the names are fictitious and used only to improve clarity.   Bob* has been working at CERN for almost four years on a limited-duration contract. Due to the early retirement of one of his colleagues, he was appointed Section Leader very early in his career, as he was the only one who was able to replace this person. As Section Leader, Bob had to provide annual assessments for several staff members, which he did in a very honest and balanced way. When staff members were given their results from the MARS exercise, George – one of Bob’s supervisees – accused Bob of not giving him the promotion he deserved. George had been expecting his MARS appraisal to include work that he claims Bob, being under a limited-durati...

  9. Talebob

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel Henrichsen, Peter; Hauksdottir, Auour

    2015-01-01

    Talebob ("Speech Bob") is an interactive language learning tool for pupils (10+ years) helping them practice their pronunciation of simple, highly frequent phrases in Danish. Talebob’s feedback is based on acoustic measurements (for pitch and intensity), presented to the user as helpful...... in general, exploiting the IT-curiosity of modern pupils....

  10. Bio pics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jakob Isak

    2011-01-01

    Martin Zandvliets Dirch (2011) har ansporet til at skitsere den biografiske film som genre og knytte nogle kommentarer til dens forskellige udtryksmuligheder. Hovedeksemplerne er Walk the Line (2005) og I’m Not There (2007) om henholdsvis Johnny Cash og Bob Dylan....

  11. Putting Big Data to Work: Community Colleges Use Detailed Reports to Design Smarter Workforce Training and Education Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Bob

    2013-01-01

    In this article, Bob Woods reports that "Big data" is all the rage on college campuses, and it makes sense that administrators would use what they know to boost student outcomes. Woods points out that community colleges around the country are using the data: (1) to guide the systematic expansion of its curriculum, providing targeted…

  12. Geology Museum-Based Learning in Soil Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhailova, E. A.; Tennant, C. H.; Post, C. J.; Cicimurri, C.; Cicimurri, D.

    2013-01-01

    Museums provide unique learning opportunities in soil science. The Bob Campbell Geology Museum in Clemson, SC, features an exhibit of minerals and rocks common in the state and in its geologic history. We developed a hands-on laboratory exercise utilizing an exhibit that gives college students an opportunity to visualize regional minerals and…

  13. Historical Analysis of College Campus Interracial Dating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firmin, Michael W.; Firebaugh, Stephanie

    2008-01-01

    Interracial dating on American campuses has had a relatively stormy past. Until the past three decades or so, it was outlawed in some states. Southern institutions, in particular, such as the infamous Bob Jones University have made this issue divisive even among their own constituencies. Age and generation seem to be cogent factors with younger…

  14. How customer satisfaction can influence clinical outcome in a back specialty clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reznik, B

    1994-01-01

    Determining what defines quality is the aim of the study produced at the Texas Back Institute. Bob Reznik, M.B.A., vice president of the institute, presents a methodology for measuring the outcomes of clinical care and relating it to physician performance on a variety of levels.

  15. Youth subcultures and problem behaviours in Slovakia : Hip-Hop, Techno-scene, Metal, Punk, Skinheads and Roma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bobakova, Daniela

    2013-01-01

    Jongeren die deel uitmaken van jeugdsubculturen als hip-hop, techno-scene, metal, punk en skinheads, gebruiken vaker drugs, zijn vaker dronken, spijbelen vaker en beginnen eerder aan seks. Roma-jongeren zijn minder vaak dronken. Dat concludeert Daniela Bobáková op basis van een onderzoek onder deze

  16. EGEE helping bridge digital divide EGEE'06 Conference preview

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    "In this GRIDtoday Q&A, EGEE project director Bob Jones discusses where EGEEE began and where it is now as the project enters the EGEE II era. In addition, Jones previews the EGEE'06 conference, which kicks off Sept. 25 in Geneva, Switzerland, and features for the first time a prominent businee track." (2 pages)

  17. References for Capability Assessment, Acquisition Planning, and Cost Estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    library, in particular Ms. Amanda Talcott , in helping us locate many of the references, and the endeavors of Mr. Bob Romic, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers...Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to any

  18. Writeup Upon Hearing of Mills' Death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chen Ning

    2013-05-01

    When Bob came in May this year to my retirement conference, he looked thin but was in good spirits. At the banquet he stopped by at our table to chat with Chih Li and me. He inquired after Chih Li's health but did not say anything about his cancer. It is a great shock to learn now that he had passed away...

  19. Unmanned Airlift: How Should We Proceed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-04-01

    Research Report Submitted to the Faculty In Partial Fulfillment of the Graduation Requirements Advisor: Lt Col Vincent T. Jovene Maxwell Air Force Base...thank my research advisor, Lt Col Jim Jovene for his guidance and assistance. I also owe a special thanks to Mr. Bob Peak of the Southeast SATS Lab

  20. Final Report of the KAPSE (Kernal Ada Programming Support Environment) Interface Team (KIT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-10-15

    Corporation Hans Mumm Naval Ocean Systems Center Bob Munck MITRE Margaret Murray Compusec Gil Myers Naval Ocean Systems Center LCDR Philip Myers NAVELEX-812...Data Corporation Steve Huseth Honeywell Ron Johnson Boeing Aerospace Corporation Mike Kamrad Honeywell , Reed Kotler Lockheed Missile and Space Pekka

  1. The distribution of the chaetognath population and its interaction with environmental characteristics in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Nair, V.R.; Kusum, K.K.; Gireesh, R.; Nair, M.

    . The BoB is traditionally considered a less productive region than the AS. Chaetognatha, a major taxon of carnivorous mesozooplankton, often rank second in abundance to copepods and thus play a pivotal role in the pelagic food web of this region. We...

  2. Surface layer temperature inversion in the Bay of Bengal: Main characteristics and related mechanisms

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Pankajakshan, T.; Suresh, I.; Gautham, S.; PrasannaKumar, S.; Lengaigne, M.; Rao, R.R.; Neetu, S.; Hegde, A.

    temperature variations. The present study benefits from the recent Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction (RAMA) buoys located in BoB along 90°E at 4°N, 8°N, 12°N, and 15°N over the 2006-2014 period. Analysis of data...

  3. On the Responsible Use of Communication Media for Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeaman, Andrew R. J.

    2009-01-01

    Just as Bob Heinich states that technology makes instruction visible (1970, 1971), putting the professional ethics into practice makes technology visible. The window for social insight into teachers' professional field is open to a particular view at the present. There are learner questions surrounding the use of media which need answering and…

  4. 75 FR 36463 - Notice of Request for Renewal of a Previously Approved Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Robert C. Ashby, Office of the Secretary, Office of Assistant General... 20590, (202) 366-9310 (voice) (202) 366-9313 (fax) or at bob.ashby@ost.dot.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY..., DC, on June 21, 2010. Robert C. Ashby, Deputy Assistant General Counsel for Regulation...

  5. 75 FR 5369 - Approved Information Collection Extension Request; Disadvantaged Business Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... CONTACT: Mr. Robert C. Ashby, Office of the Secretary, Office of Assistant General Counsel for Regulation...) 366-9310 (voice), 202-366-9313 (fax) or at bob.ashby@dot.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title... public record. ] Issued in Washington, DC, on January 28, 2010. Robert C. Ashby, Deputy Assistant...

  6. Pålitligt och opålitligt i Strindbergs Den starkare

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Törnqvist, E.

    2013-01-01

    Reliability and unreliability in Strindberg's 'The Stronger'. As a monodrama, The Stronger belongs to the rare category of plays that have only one speaking character, Mrs. X. Listening and reacting to her is Miss Y. Mrs. X is married to Bob. Miss Y has been and perhaps still is Bob’s mistress. In t

  7. Pop / Mart Kalvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvet, Mart, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Queens Of The Stone Age "Era Vulgaris", Bob Marley & The Wailers "Exodus: 30th Anniversary Edition", Sophie Ellis Bextor "Trip The Light Fantastic", The Police "The Police", Armand Van Helden "Ghettoblaster", Rihanna "Good Girl Gone Bad", Tiit Kikas "String Theory", Ryan Adams "Easy Tiger"

  8. 78 FR 35094 - Denial of Motor Vehicle Defect Petition, DP12-001

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... final drive unit on BMW K1200LT .'' FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bob Young, Office of Defects... flawed assembly controls of the final drive unit on BMW K1200LT '' and to require BMW to ``recall the.... Cimino, requesting NHTSA to investigate repeated final drive bearing failure on certain BMW K1200LT...

  9. 78 FR 78986 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... No.:, B- City of Simi Valley, The Honorable Bob Huber, City Hall, 2929 Tapo August 16, 2013 060421 1328). (13-09-1538P). Mayor, City of Simi Canyon Road, Simi Valley, 2929 Tapo Canyon Valley, CA 93063. Road, Simi Valley, CA 93063. Colorado: Adams, (FEMA Docket No.:, B- City of Thornton, (13-...

  10. 76 FR 26943 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ..., 1st Floor, Hollister, CA 95023. Ventura City of Simi Valley March 9, 2011; March The Honorable Bob Huber, July 14, 2011 060421 (10-09-3242P). 16, 2011; The Mayor, City of Simi Ventura County Star. Valley, 2929 Tapo Canyon Road, Simi Valley, CA 93063. Colorado: Arapahoe City of Littleton (11- March 18,...

  11. Blind quantum computation over a collective-noise channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Yuki; Fujii, Keisuke; Ikuta, Rikizo; Yamamoto, Takashi; Imoto, Nobuyuki

    2016-05-01

    Blind quantum computation (BQC) allows a client (Alice), who only possesses relatively poor quantum devices, to delegate universal quantum computation to a server (Bob) in such a way that Bob cannot know Alice's inputs, algorithm, and outputs. The quantum channel between Alice and Bob is noisy, and the loss over the long-distance quantum communication should also be taken into account. Here we propose to use decoherence-free subspace (DFS) to overcome the collective noise in the quantum channel for BQC, which we call DFS-BQC. We propose three variations of DFS-BQC protocols. One of them, a coherent-light-assisted DFS-BQC protocol, allows Alice to faithfully send the signal photons with a probability proportional to a transmission rate of the quantum channel. In all cases, we combine the ideas based on DFS and the Broadbent-Fitzsimons-Kashefi protocol, which is one of the BQC protocols, without degrading unconditional security. The proposed DFS-based schemes are generic and hence can be applied to other BQC protocols where Alice sends quantum states to Bob.

  12. Doing the Traditional Media Sidestep: Comparing the Effects of the Internet and Other Nontraditional Media with Traditional Media in the 1996 Presidential Campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Thomas J.; Braima, Mahmoud A. M.; Sothirajah, Jayanthi

    1999-01-01

    Contributes to scholarship on political communication by examining the extent to which heavy users of the Internet and other non-traditional media differ from heavy users of traditional media in their knowledge of issue stances of Bill Clinton and Bob Dole. Finds that non-traditional media had little influence on political knowledge; and few…

  13. Guns and Violence. Current Controversies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Henny H., Ed.

    This book focuses on gun violence and gun control, presenting both sides of arguments about firearms ownership and gun control. Each of five chapters poses a question about gun control and provides answers for both sides of the question. The following essays are included: (1) "Gun Violence Is Becoming an Epidemic" (Bob Herbert); (2) "Gun Violence…

  14. Universally Composable Multiparty Computation with Partially Isolated Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Wichs, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    -proof hardware token and assuming that Alice can prevent this token from communicating to the outside world. Alternatively, Alice may interact with Bob directly but in a special office which she administers and where there are no high-bandwidth communication channels to the outside world. We show that, under standard cryptographic...

  15. Karjas on ohutum elada / Toomas Paul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paul, Toomas, 1939-

    2003-01-01

    Vt. ka Paul, Toomas. "Löö esimesena, Freddy!". Eesti Päevaleht, 8. mai 2003. Inimesest kui karjaloomast, inimloomusest ja sallivusest. Ilm. ka: Paul, Toomas. Ole salliv, Bob // Pastishsh & popurrii : ilmavaatlusi / Paul, Toomas. - [Tallinn] : Oomen, 2007. - Lk. 54-58

  16. Information Causality is a Special Point in the Dual of the Gray-Wyner Region

    CERN Document Server

    Beigi, Salman

    2011-01-01

    Information Causality contributes to the program of deriving fundamentals of quantum theory from information theoretic principles. It puts restrictions on the amount of information learned by a party (Bob) from the other party (Alice) in a one-way communication scenario as follows. Bob receives an index b, and after a one-way communication from Alice, tries to recover a part of Alice's input. Because of the possibility of cloning, this game in its completely classical form is equivalent to one in which there are several Bobs indexed by b, who are interested in recovering different parts of Alice's input string, after receiving a public message from her. Adding a private message from Alice to each Bob, and assuming that the game is played many times, we obtain the Gray-Wyner problem for which a complete characterization of the achievable region is known. In this paper, we first argue that in the classical case Information Causality is only a single point in the dual of the Gray-Wyner region. Next, we show that...

  17. English Discussion Groups: A Means for the Military to Understand Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    Each role will dominate his time and energy at any given moment as situations and stimulus dictate. Bob may need to react as a father to his children ...enable the military a “What do you call a person who speaks two languages?” Bilingual . “What do you call a person who speaks three

  18. Genetic loci conditioning adult plant resistance to the Ug99 race group and seedling resistance to races TRTTF and TTTTF of the stem rust pathogen in wheat landrace CItr 15026

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheat landrace CItr 15026 previously showed adult plant resistance (APR) to the Ug99 stem rust race group in Kenya and seedling resistance to Puccinia graminis f. sp tritici (Pgt) races QFCSC, TTTTF, and TRTTF. CItr 15026 was crossed to susceptible accessions LMPG-6 and Red Bobs, and 180 DH lines an...

  19. Touching Ghosts: Observing Free Fall from an Infalling Frame of Reference into a Schwarzschild Black Hole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augousti, A. T.; Gawelczyk, M.; Siwek, A.; Radosz, A.

    2012-01-01

    The problem of communication between observers in the vicinity of a black hole in a Schwarzschild metric is considered. The classic example of an infalling observer Alice and a static distant mother station (MS) is extended to include a second infalling observer Bob, who follows Alice in falling towards the event horizon. Kruskal coordinates are…

  20. Dylan's Biographical Rhetoric and the Myth of the Outlaw Hero.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makay, John J.; Gonzalez, Alberto

    1987-01-01

    Discusses how Bob Dylan's biographical songs promote the myth of the outlaw-hero and offer powerful cultural criticism by appealing to three ethical traits: resistance to corrupt authority, integrity of the self, and simplicity. Shows how Dylan's biographical rhetoric defines a social context that appeals to a vast audience. (JD)

  1. Operating System Support for Mobile Interactive Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-08-01

    on Management of Data (SIGMOD ’98), pages 426–435, June 1998. [61] Bob Marley. Could You Be Loved (12” Mix). Island Records, 1980. 5:26 min. [62...94), pages 196–205, Or- lando, FL, June 1994. BIBLIOGRAPHY 189 [89] David C. Steere, Ashvin Goel, Joshua Gruenberg, Dylan McNamee, Calton Pu, and

  2. KSCO 2002: Second International Conference on Knowledge Systems for Coalition Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-05-01

    CoAX project, including Mark Burstein, Thom Bartold, Maggie Breedy, John Carson, Jeff Cox, Brad Clement, Rob Cranfill, Jeff Dalton, Pete Gerken, Bob ...44344. 182 The DARPA Control of Agent Based Systems (CoABS) Program and Challenges for Collaborative Coalitions LCDR Dylan Schmorrow, Ph.D

  3. Gathering No Moss? Examining Discourses of Exclusion for Remote and Indigenous Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Jo-Anne; Simpson, Tracey; Zundans, Lucia

    2005-01-01

    Many teacher educators today will find little difficulty in completing this cloze--but Bob Dylan's understanding of the outsider may not be one that we share in terms of our own experience as teacher educators. Our concern in this paper is to suggest that such an understanding may also be one that we do not often concern ourselves with on behalf…

  4. Dylan's Back Pages as Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wittman, Emily Ondine; Wright, Paul R.

    2007-01-01

    The authors decided to use Bob Dylan's 2004 memoir "Chronicles" as a text in their freshman humanities seminars at Villanova University, partly to illustrate to increasingly career-oriented students--prospective engineers, business majors, and the like--how a liberal education and exposure to classic literature are relevant to everyone, and partly…

  5. Performance Variables: Some Versions of Dylan's "It Ain't Me, Babe."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poague, Leland A.

    1979-01-01

    Using Bob Dylan's three somewhat different versions of "It Ain't Me, Babe," the author investigates the variables of Dylan's performances and how they alter the meanings of his songs, and suggests that the more we know about popular song the more we will understand the songs we subsequently encounter. (KC)

  6. Voices of Resistance, Voices of Transcendence: Musicians as Models of the Poetic--Political Imagination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baxter, Marsha

    2010-01-01

    How might songs, like John Lennon's "Imagine" or Bob Dylan's "Blowin' in the wind", offer ways to explore alternative ways of being in the world, to challenge the status quo? How might these songs become springboards for original pieces that capture students' ideas about world issues? In this article, I observe what happens…

  7. Veterinary Disaster Response at the National Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-10

    by Colonel Kathleen Miller United States Army Rear Admiral Ann Knebel Department of Health and Human Services Project Adviser Colonel Bob Driscoll...Daley, et al, “Applied Public Health Teams of the U.S. Public Health Service,” Dylan V. Shope, "Peace Forces," briefing slides, Association of

  8. I'm "Only" Bleeding: Education as the Practice of Violence against Children. Counterpoints Volume 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, Alan A.

    This book explores the construction of the idea of the child as a product of adult needs and school as a place where children may be confined until they are considered socially useful. Drawing parallels with folk singer Bob Dylan's song, "It's All Right, Ma, I'm Only Bleeding," the book argues that the United States' educational system practices a…

  9. 78 FR 10195 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ...). Stephen M. Wareham, MA 02571. team.com/starr/ Holmes, RegionalWorkspaces/ Chairman, Town RegionI/pages/ of... 840 Boonville Avenue, http://www.starr- March 29, 2013 290149 Springfield (12- Bob Stephens... Enginnering Martin Luther Division, 210 Martin King Jr. Luther King Junior Boulevard, Room Boulevard, Room...

  10. Defense Procurement Strategy for a Globalized Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    QDR,” DefenseNews, 8 November 2004, p. 4. 3 Vago Muradain, “Finalizing Transformation,” DefenseNews, 8 November 2004, p. 34. 4 Hugo Posey and Ben...Interavia, Summer 2004, 34-36. Munton, Bob, and Brinley Salzmann. “U.K.’s Growing Contols.” DefenseNews, 25 October 2004, 96. Muradain, Vago

  11. Plaadid / Toomas Puna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puna, Toomas, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Armand Van Helden "Ghettoblaster", Queens of the Stone Age "ERA Vulgaris", Tuberkuloited "Mis sa teed", Zeb "Stop the Earth, I Want to Get Off", Frankie Valentine "The World of What", Ryan Adams "Easy Tiger", Bob Sinclar "Soundz of Freedom"

  12. AERA Vocational Education Special Interest Group Proceedings (San Diego, California, April 13-17, 1998).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackman, Diane H., Ed.

    This document contains six research papers: "Articulation Practices among Secondary and Postsecondary Vocational-Technical Education Programs" (Bob R. Stewart, Sandra Eckert-Stewart); "What Message Are We Sending to Counselors about Their Role in Tech Prep?" (Paula Puckett); "From School-to-Work: Secretaries' and Machinists' Representations of…

  13. Editorial: The times they are A-Changin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Harcourt (Wendy)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThe famous1963 song by Bob Dylan The Times They Are A-Changing rings true in the year 2011. As in the1960s, there are young and old people on the streets demanding change to the economic system, an end of war, climate justice, women’s rights, gender equity and true democracy. The year ha

  14. Physical Conditioning through Water Exercises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conrad, C. Carson

    This document describes activities in an aquatic program designed for an individual in sound health. Instructions for performing each activity are given in step-by-step outline form. The activities are arranged under the following categories: standing water drills; pool-side standing drills; gutter holding drills; bobbing (various forms);…

  15. Rohkem tolerantsi / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2003-01-01

    Berliini 53. filmifestival avati USA muusikaliga "Chicago", mis valmis Rob Marshalli käe all John Kanderi, Fred Ebbi ja Bob Fosse muusikali järgi. Festivali juht Dieter Kosslick rõhutab loosungit "Towards Tolerance", mis olevatki festivali kava alusmõtteks

  16. Detsibill : D.I.Y. - Do it yourself. White label : DJ Critical. Kuula / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Saksa rockansambli The 4 Sivits kontserdituurist Ida-Saksamaal, Slovakkias ja Tšehhis. DJ Criticali heliplaadist "Mixtape". Heliplaatidest: Muse "Black Holes & Revelations", Beck "The Information", Alice Russell "Under The Munka Moon", Scissor Sisters "Ta-Dah", "Biitparaadid", Fergie "The Dutchess", Sabrina Malheiros "Vibrasons", Bob Dylan "Modern Times", Nelja Ruusua "Ensi-Ilta", Marshmobil "Minx", James Morrison "Undiscovered"

  17. A Bibliography of Plays Written by Black Americans: 1855 to the Present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitlow, Roger, Comp.

    This 342-item alphabetized bibliography of plays by black Americans covers the period from 1855 to the present. Some of the playwrights and their works are Paul L. Dunbar's "Uncle Eph's Christmas," 1905; James W. Johnson and Bob Cole's "The Shoo-Fly Regiment," 1907; Lorraine Hansberry's "A Raisin in the Sun," 1959; James Baldwin's "Blues for Mr.…

  18. Imagine a Dream of Love, Ripple

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witt, Jerry A. (Tony)

    2014-03-01

    MATH 1st, Mc2 /r2 = E / r = 2 / . 5 = 1 music and some of the hearts that have guided this path. John, Dr. King, Bob, favorite Grateful Dead song. Family, friends, kids (friends), 9083L strength fare treatment for labor being self respect.

  19. Teaching Medical Student Psychiatry Through Contemporary Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egan, William H.

    1977-01-01

    An audio technique uses contemporary music recordings to illustrate various personality disorders, including: schizoid, paranoid, compulsive, antisocial, and hysterical. The works of Bob Dylan, Paul Simon, Harry Chapin, the Beatles, Janis Ian, James Taylor, Tammy Wynette, and others are cited. (LBH)

  20. Teach Kids about Numbers All around Us

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, Hannah Trierweiler

    2011-01-01

    Recognizing the role numbers play in people's everyday lives is crucial to students' math understanding now and down the road. That's why Bob Krech, a curriculum specialist in New Jersey's West Windsor-Plainsboro district, likes to teach a lesson he calls "Numbers All Around Us." This lesson uses real-world examples to show that numbers…

  1. Uudised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Giuseppe Verdi ooperi "Maskiball" uuslavastusest Malmös. Kantrilaulja Willie Nelsoni heliplaadist "Cowboys are Frequently Secretly". Helilooja Gustav Mahleri lapselaps Marina Mahler nõuab Austria Galeriilt tagasi Edvard Munchi maali "Suveöö rannas". Jamaical Kingstonis asuvast reggae-laulja Bob Marley sünnimajast, kus asuvad helistuudio ja muuseum

  2. Exponential Decay in Windblown Radar Ground Clutter Doppler Spectra: Multifrequency Measurements and Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Reese Straw, William Dustin, Carol Bernhard, Joanne Bradley and Bob Graham-Munn. The manuscript was skillfully prepared by Pat DeCuir and kindly and...spreading of Ot° rees in Doppler, i.e., j^Krees’ Pto^dv = °trees- so Krees’ Ptot^ represents the normalized density of windblown tree clutter power

  3. Popmuusika / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Beta Band "The Best Of", Nickelback "All The Night Reasons", Alanis Morissette "Jagged Little Pill", Bob Dylan "No Direction", Ricky Martin "Life", KTU "8 Armed Monkey", Alicia Keys "Unplugged", John Cale "Black Acetate", Blockhead "Downtown", David Gray "Life in Slow", Eric Clapton "Back Home"

  4. ONRASIA Scientific Information Bulletin

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    Science Minister of guerrilla tactics that refer only to particle properties. involving merging ANSTO (Australian Nuclear S&T Organization) with CSIRO...collaborative activity Fletcher, Kerry Landman, Bob May, and John Noye. at ANU as mentioned above, at ANSTO There was a tentative agreement that CTAC97 be

  5. 用新技术武装未来(二)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    《汽车工程》编辑部; 张文

    2003-01-01

    @@ (续本刊上期) 聚焦于变速器 Borg Warner Transmission Systems公司总裁Bob Welding鲍勃.韦尔汀说:"近百年来,汽车工业中只有两种不同的变速器技术得到了广泛大量的商业应用.

  6. Aircraft Contractor Logistics Support: A Cost Estimating Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-01

    April 1983. 17. Enright , Mike. C-20A Cost Analyst, WPAFB OH. Per- sonal interview. 15 August 1983. 18. Fatkin, Allen. AFSC CAIG Research Report NRI...Aviation, Peterson AFB CO. Telephone interview. 11 May 1983. 32. Robert , Bob. Engineer for Doss Aviation, Randolph AFB TX. Telephone interview. 17 June

  7. People Capability Maturity Model. SM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-09-01

    Corporation), Bob Holeman (AST), John Hubbs (Martin Marietta), Watts Humphrey (Software Engineering Institute), Shashi Jasthi (Motorola), Dave...Texas Instruments, Inc.), J.C. Tennison (IBM), Sue Turner (UNISYS), John Velman (Hughes), Dave Wichers (Area Systems), Pierre Yergeau (Center de...exercise a level of autonomy in managing their activities in pursuit of those objectives. According to Katzenbach and Smith [Katzenbach93, pg. 45

  8. Analysis of Pendulum Period with an iPod Touch/iPhone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggle, Justin

    2013-01-01

    We describe the use of Apple's iPod touch/iPhone, acting as the pendulum bob, as a means of measuring pendulum period, making use of the device's three-axis digital accelerometer and the freely available SPARKvue app from PASCO scientific. The method can be readily incorporated into an introductory physics laboratory experiment.…

  9. New experiment in the advertising world! / Alina Lisina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lisina, Alina

    2005-01-01

    Lätis Siguldas viidi läbi kolme reklaamiagentuuri Y&R Garage 4x4, Balta Communication'i ja Metro Leo Burnett'i nädalane seminar, mille käigus loodi ühiselt reklaam Adazhu cipsi'le. Oma teadmisi jagas reklaaminduse maailmaklassi ekspert Bob Kincey

  10. Siim Nestor soovitab : Toimub selliseid asju... / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2005-01-01

    Ameerika ansambel Tha Alkaholiks üritusel "Hip Hop Café" 4. nov. klubis Hollywood, ansambel The Wailers üritusel "The Spirit of Bob Marley" 5. nov. klubis Amigo, hiphopmuusika üritus 9. nov. klubis Privé, üritusel "WHA!?" 5. nov. Rakveres esitlusel uus duubelkogumik "Higha Collection 5"

  11. Assisted Cycling Tours

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollingsworth, Jan Carter

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses Assisted Cycling Tours (ACT), a Westminster, Colorado based 501(c)3, non-profit that is offering the joy of bicycle tours in breathtaking, scenic locations to children and adults with developmental and physical disabilities and their families. ACT was founded by Bob Matter and his son David with a goal of opening up the…

  12. JPRS Report, Nuclear Developments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    1,240-acre area, will initially process 300 tons of fission- able material like plutonium and sponge [as heard]. According to an Atomic Energy...to weapons-pro- ducing countries would boost the arms race. But Energy Minister Bob Wong denied that the paper was discussed by the cabinet and

  13. Overflows and Upper Ocean Interaction: A Mechanism for the Azores Current

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    chair my defense, Bob Hallberg at GFDL for helping me use his model, John Marshall for guiding me when I first came to MIT, and the Education office for...were parameterized in the model by relaxing the hydrography in the Gulf of Cadiz to Levitus (1982) climatology ( sponge layer). This resulted in a

  14. Lagrangian Mixing in an Axisymmetric Hurricane Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-23

    profile with a cooling rate capped at 2 K day−1. A sponge layer is provided above the model tropopause. Surface fluxes of momentum and enthalpy are...basins: Beyond the diffu- sion coefficient, Phys. Fluids, 9, 3162–3171, 1997. Braun, S. A.: A cloud-resolving simulation of Hurricane Bob (1991): Storm

  15. Gen Otto P. Weyland: Close Air Support in the Korean War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    knowledge and appreciation of air-ground operations. During this two-year tour, Weyland was a sponge for information. When he arrived at the unit, he...turn of events: “It kind of ribbed the Army and Ned Almond” when he arrived and “ Bob Hope was there giving a show to my people.”32 Weyland on Close

  16. Secondary Eyewall Formation in Two Idealized, Full-Physics Modeled Hurricanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-26

    28C. The upper boundary is closed, but includes a Rayleigh ‘‘ sponge ’’ layer exclusively in the stratosphere (uppermost six levels) to strongly damp...A. (2002), A cloud-resolving simulation of Hurricane Bob (1991): Storm structure and eyewall buoyancy, Mon. Weather Rev., 130, 1573–1592. Braun, S

  17. Influence of basin-scale and mesoscale physical processes on biological productivity in the Bay of Bengal during the summer monsoon

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Muraleedharan, K.R.; Jasmine, P.; Achuthankutty, C.T.; Revichandran, C.; DineshKumar, P.K.; Anand, P.; Rejomon, G.

    of the open ocean. The results suggest that basin-scale and mesoscale processes influence the abundance and spatial heterogeneity of plankton populations across a wide spatial scale in the BoB. The multifaceted effects of these could consecutively affect...

  18. 76 FR 15888 - Special Regulations; Areas of the National Park System, Cape Cod National Seashore

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-22

    ... among others, the Highland Fish and Game Club, the Brewster Rod and Gun Club and the Bass River Rod and... regulation were Stephen Prokop, former Chief Ranger CACO; Bob Grant, Chief Ranger CACO; Carrie Phillips... 14, 2011. Will Shafroth, Acting Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks. BILLING...

  19. Seasonal variability of salinity budget and water exchange in the northern Indian Ocean from HYCOM assimilation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yuhong; DU Yan

    2012-01-01

    Based on HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) assimilation and observations,we analyzed seasonal variability of the salinity budget in the southeastern Arabian Sea (AS) and the southern part of the Bay of Bengal (BOB),as well as water exchange between the two basins.Results show that fresh water flux cannot explain salinity changes in salinity budget of both regions.Oceanic advection decreases salinity in the southeastern AS during the winter monsoon season and increases salinity in the southern BOB during the summer monsoon season.In winter,the Northeast Monsoon Current (NMC) carries fresher water from the BOB westward into the southern AS; this westward advection is confined to 4°-6°N and the upper 180 m south of the Indian peninsula.Part of the less saline water then turns northward,decreasing salinity in the southeastern AS.In summer,the Southwest Monsoon Current (SMC) advects high-salinity water from the AS eastward into the BOB,increasing salinity along its path.This eastward advection of high-salinity water south of the India Peninsula extends southward to 2°N,and the layer becomes shallower than in winter.In addition to the monsoon current,the salinity difference between the two basins is important for salinity advection.

  20. Improving the microbiological safety of veal: validation of hot water rinse plus lactic acid spray in combination with scalding for hide-on carcasses to control Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bob veal calves (n=6) were assigned to six hide-on carcass treatments for each of 5 replications. Primary treatments were no-scald, scald, or scalding with chemical; secondary treatments were no-treatment control or lactic acid. Hides were inoculated with non-pathogenic rifampicin-resistant Escheric...

  1. Review of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Common Sense Initiative (The National Shipbuilding Research Program)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-03-01

    347-3555 Gina Bushong (202) 260-3797 Mahesh Podar (202) 260-5387 Bob Benson (202) 260-8668 Meg Kelly (703) 308-8748 Ginger Gotliffe (202) 564-7072 To...Drive Diamond Bar, CA 91765 George Burris- Thomson Consumer Electronics 600 N.Sherman Drive (INH-340) Designated Federal Officer Gina Bushong U.S

  2. Air-Sea and Lateral Exchange Processes in East Indian Coastal Current off Sri Lanka

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-30

    from small-scale mixing to the reversal of monsoonal currents, in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and around Sri Lanka and the role of regional air-sea...The program supports logistics of numerous US scientists operating in the Indian Ocean under ASIRI, EBOB and NASCAR projects. Capacity building is a

  3. The Independent School Admissions Director as Tim Wakefield's Catcher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vachow, Mike

    2012-01-01

    Bob Uecker, the Milwaukee Brewers' quipping radio broadcaster, makes his brief and lackluster career as a major league catcher the subject of much of his humor. About catching the knuckleball, Uecker famously said, "I always thought the knuckleball was the easiest pitch to catch." Of course, there is an even better way to catch a knuckleball, and…

  4. Device-independent two-party cryptography secure against sequential attacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaniewski, Jędrzej; Wehner, Stephanie

    2016-05-01

    The goal of two-party cryptography is to enable two parties, Alice and Bob, to solve common tasks without the need for mutual trust. Examples of such tasks are private access to a database, and secure identification. Quantum communication enables security for all of these problems in the noisy-storage model by sending more signals than the adversary can store in a certain time frame. Here, we initiate the study of device-independent (DI) protocols for two-party cryptography in the noisy-storage model. Specifically, we present a relatively easy to implement protocol for a cryptographic building block known as weak string erasure and prove its security even if the devices used in the protocol are prepared by the dishonest party. DI two-party cryptography is made challenging by the fact that Alice and Bob do not trust each other, which requires new techniques to establish security. We fully analyse the case of memoryless devices (for which sequential attacks are optimal) and the case of sequential attacks for arbitrary devices. The key ingredient of the proof, which might be of independent interest, is an explicit (and tight) relation between the violation of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality observed by Alice and Bob and uncertainty generated by Alice against Bob who is forced to measure his system before finding out Alice’s setting (guessing with postmeasurement information). In particular, we show that security is possible for arbitrarily small violation.

  5. Comment on "flexible protocol for quantum private query based on B92 protocol"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yan; Zhang, Shi-Bin; Zhu, Jing-Min

    2017-03-01

    In a recent paper (Quantum Inf Process 13:805-813, 2014), a flexible quantum private query (QPQ) protocol based on B92 protocol is presented. Here we point out that the B92-based QPQ protocol is insecure in database security when the channel has loss, that is, the user (Alice) will know more records in Bob's database compared with she has bought.

  6. Experimental Limits on Local Realism with Separable and Entangled Photons

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    a photon received by Bob triggers a device which acts questionably on the unsuspecting feline ). There is only a single time slot available for the... feline fate information would not be available to her until after her photon reaches the (very remote) intrusive polarizer, and she had made a

  7. Geophysical Imaging for Investigating the Delivery and Distribution of Amendments in the Heterogeneous Subsurface of the F.E. Warren AFB

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    Warren AFB ESTCP Project ER-200834 December 2012 Bob Kelley ARS Technologies Susan Hubbard Jonathan Ajo -Franklin John Peterson Yuxin...20 Figure 8. Laboratory Setup and Team Members Jonathan Ajo -Franklin and Yuxin Wu ............ 22 Figure 9. Pilot...performed using both commercially available techniques and novel inversion techniques developed at LBNL (e.g., Ajo -Franklin 2007), which are

  8. Why is the Bay of Bengal experiencing a reduced rate of sea surface warming?

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    DeMello, J.R.; PrasannaKumar, S.

    to the increasing influence of the number of depressions, cyclones and severe cyclones in the BoB, the occurrence of which showed an upward trend. Using Price–Weller–Pinkel model we show that cyclonic systems deepen the mixed-layer through enhanced mechanical...

  9. 78 FR 14571 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-06

    ... Insurance Study (FIS) reports, currently in effect for the listed communities. The flood hazard... effect in order to remain qualified for participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP... Docket No.: B- Town of Camp Verde The Honorable Bob Town Clerk's Office, December 31, 2012 040131...

  10. Robert Glaser (1921-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangel, Elizabeth S

    2012-12-01

    Robert Glaser, an internationally recognized scholar in the psychology of learning and instruction, passed away on February 4, 2012. Bob was born on January 18, 1921, in Providence, Rhode Island. Glaser was the founding director of the Learning Research and Development Center (LRDC) and Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Education at the University of Pittsburgh.

  11. 76 FR 49711 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; State of New Jersey; Regional Haze...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-11

    ...., excluding Federal holidays. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert F. Kelly, State Implementation Planning... number is (212) 637-4049. Mr. Kelly can also be reached via electronic mail at kelly.bob@epa.gov... (July 6, 2005)), many states relied on EPA's Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) to satisfy key elements...

  12. 77 FR 73570 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; New Jersey and New York Ozone Attainment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ... holidays. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert F. Kelly, Air Programs Branch, Environmental Protection.... Mr. Kelly can also be reached via electronic mail at kelly.bob@epa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION... attainment demonstration. EPA's Phase 2 8-hour ozone implementation rule, published on November 29, 2005...

  13. Book Review: Comparative Education Research: Approaches and Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noel Mcginn

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Book Review Comparative Education Research: Approaches and Methods (2nd edition By Mark Bray, Bob Adamson and Mark Mason (Eds. (2014, 453p ISBN: 978-988-17852-8-2, Hong Kong: Comparative Education Research Centre and Springer

  14. Search Games on Hypergraphs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pelekis, C.

    2014-01-01

    The main motivation behind this thesis is a certain type of win-lose games that are played on hypergraphs and can be translated into the following puzzle. Suppose there are two persons, say Alice and Bob. There are n biscuits, where n is a positive integer, and Alice chooses s of them uniformly at r

  15. 2005年贵金属价格预测(完)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    彼得,理查森——悉尼Deutsche银行;Glyn Stenens——_伦敦标准银行;Bob Takai——东京Sumitomo公司;Matthew Tumer—伦敦Virtual Metals;艾伦,威廉森——汇丰银行。

  16. Fish and Wildlife Mitigation Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-07-01

    NORTHERN CALIFORNIA COUNCIL OF FLY FISHING CLUBS Bob Baiocchi Vice President Conservation Chairman 1859 Salida Way Paradise, CA 95969 (916...PROJECT CALIFORNIA FIRST PHASE SPECIAL REPORT FISH AND WILDLIFE MITIGATION PLAN DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY SACRAMENTO DISTRICT...CORPS OF ENGINEERS SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA 20081029163 DEFENSE TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTER lufontuiioitfoir tktr Defense- CMtutucnity DTIC

  17. Rasta-revolutsioon : ikka ja jälle. White label : Nikns Suns - Imed. Kuula / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaadist "Bob Marley And The Wailers. Exodus". Ansamblist. Heliplaatidest: Taraf De Haidouks "Maskarada", Los Desterrados "Tu", Prince "Planet Earth", Manu Chao "La Radiolinia", Kanye West "Graduation", 50 Cent "Curtis", Vaiko Eplik ja Eliit 2", "Shahrukh. The King Khan. Vol 3", Big &Rich "Between Raising Hell and Amazing Graze", Tiit Kikas"String Theory"

  18. 78 FR 77155 - Grant Program To Assess, Evaluate, and Promote Development of Tribal Energy and Mineral Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... dependent upon international market conditions. Natural gas and coal bed methane production depends upon... coal bed gas) or renewable energy resources (e.g., wind, solar, biomass, hydro and geothermal). Mineral... (Oil, Natural Gas, Coal): Bob Just, telephone 720-407-0611, email robert.just@bia.gov Renewable...

  19. Command History for 1991 (Naval Personnel Research and Development Center)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-01

    Awards 35 Years Ben Garcia Gene Stout 30 Years Jim Julius Ramona Mouzon Hal Rosen 32 25 Years Jim Chadbourne Bob Harris Dorothy Martin Jan Reynolds 20...Years Craig Borland* Mike Flaningam 15 Years Mark Chipman Carmen Fendelman Murray Rowe 10 Years James Apple Jessie Grier Ana Guerrero* Loralee Hartmann

  20. Observed interannual variability of the thermohaline structure in the south eastern Arabian Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kurian, N.; Costa, J.; Suneel, V.; Gopalakrishna, V.V.; Rao, R.R.; Girish, K.; Amritash, S.; Ravichandran, M.; John, L.; Ravichandran, C.

    resulting in anomalous net surface heat loss caused weaker secondary warming of the near-surface waters in the SEAS. This led to a weaker horizontal SST gradient between the SEAS and the intruding BoB waters and hence a reduced number of thermal inversions...

  1. Security in quantum

    Science.gov (United States)

    RKS

    2016-06-01

    In reply to the physicsworld.com news article “Alice and Bob have their quantum fingerprints checked” (23 March, http://ow.ly/ZQQjB), which described a technique that minimizes the amount of information that must be transferred between two computers to solve a problem.

  2. Towards 2000: Directions for Australia’s Military Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-03-01

    citing Australia’s low population density as evidence of the attractiveness of the continent to the overpopulated * nations to her north...help the United States test the MX missile. Yesterday the Victorian labour Unity faction, the support base for Mr Bob Hawke, the Prime Minister

  3. Freedom Food : op de bres voor het welzijn van landbouwhuisdieren in het Verenigd Koninkrijk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waller, B.; Heijden, van der P.G.M.

    2009-01-01

    Op 11 december 2008 gaf Bob Waller tijdens de NGVA thema-avond een presentatie met als titel "Fork naar Farm; Maatschappelijke visies op aquacultuur". Freedom Food is een organisatie die tot doel heeft het welzijnprogramma van het Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - (RSPCA), de

  4. Klassitsheski geroi dlja novõhh vremjon / Ilja Svensson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Svensson, Ilja

    2005-01-01

    Koomiksipõhine seiklusfilm "Batman alustab" ("Batman Begins") : režissöör Christopher Nolan : nimiosas Christian Bale : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005. Ka Bob Kane'i ja Bill Fingeri loodud koomiksikangelase sünnist ja eelnevatest ekraniseeringutest

  5. Women, Girls, and Binge Drinking

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-08-01

    Bob Brewer, CDC's Alcohol Program Director, goes on the air to discuss the problem of binge drinking among women and girls.  Created: 8/1/2013 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 8/1/2013.

  6. Lithosphere structure and upper mantle characteristics below the Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rao, G.S.; Radhakrishna, M.; Sreejith, K.M.; Krishna, K.S.; Bull, J.M.

    and gravity modelling defined by temperature-dependent mantle densities along a N-S transect in the BOB region revealed that the depth to the lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary (LAB) deepens steeply from 77 km in the south to 127 km in north, with the greater...

  7. Environmental Assessment. Weapons and Munitions Maintenance and Storage Complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-04-01

    and Yellowstone • National Wilderness Areas: Anaconda-Pintler, Bob Marshall, Cabinet Mountains, Gates of the Mountains, Medicine Lake, Mission...species of Insecta determined by the Department, or the Secretary, of the United States Department of the Interior to constitute a pest whose

  8. Seasonal variation in the spatial distribution of aerosol black carbon over Bay of Bengal: A synthesis of multi-campaign measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kompalli, Sobhan Kumar; Suresh Babu, S.; Krishna Moorthy, K.; Nair, Vijayakumar S.; Gogoi, Mukunda M.; Chaubey, Jai Prakash

    2013-01-01

    Synthesizing data from several cruise experiments over the Bay of Bengal (BoB), the seasonal characterization of aerosol black carbon (BC) mass concentration was made. The study indicated that the BC mass concentration (MBC) showed significant seasonal variation over the oceanic region with MBC being the highest during the winter season (˜2407 ± 1756 ng m-3) and lowest in summer monsoon (˜765 ± 235 ng m-3). The seasonal changes in the BC mass concentration were more prominent over the northern BoB (having an annual amplitude of ˜4) compared to southern BoB (amplitude ˜ 2). Significant spatial gradients in MBC, latitudinal as well as longitudinal, existed in all the seasons. Latitudinal gradients, despite being consistently increasing northwards, were found to be sharper during winter and weakest during summer monsoon with e-fold scaling distances of ˜7.7° and ˜15.6° during winter and summer monsoon seasons respectively. Longitudinally, BC concentrations tend to increase toward east during winter and premonsoon seasons, but an opposite trend was seen in monsoon season highlighting the seasonally changing source impacts on BC loading over BoB. Examination of the results in light of possible role of transport from adjoining landmasses, using airmass back trajectory cluster analysis, also supported spatially and temporally varying source influence on oceanic region.

  9. Large-Capacity Three-Party Quantum Digital Secret Sharing Using Three Particular Matrices Coding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Hong; Luo, Ming-Xing; Pieprzyk, Josef; Tao, Li; Liu, Zhi-Ming; Orgun, Mehmet A.

    2016-11-01

    In this paper, we develop a large-capacity quantum digital secret sharing (QDSS) scheme, combined the Fibonacci- and Lucas-valued orbital angular momentum (OAM) entanglement with the recursive Fibonacci and Lucas matrices. To be exact, Alice prepares pairs of photons in the Fibonacci- and Lucas-valued OAM entangled states, and then allocates them to two participants, say, Bob and Charlie, to establish the secret key. Moreover, the available Fibonacci and Lucas values from the matching entangled states are used as the seed for generating the Fibonacci and Lucas matrices. This is achieved because the entries of the Fibonacci and Lucas matrices are recursive. The secret key can only be obtained jointly by Bob and Charlie, who can further recover the secret. Its security is based on the facts that nonorthogonal states are indistinguishable, and Bob or Charlie detects a Fibonacci number, there is still a twofold uncertainty for Charlie' (Bob') detected value. Supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities under Grant No. XDJK2016C043 and the Doctoral Program of Higher Education under Grant No. SWU115091, the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 61303039, the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities under Grant No. XDJK2015C153 and the Doctoral Program of Higher Education under Grant No. SWU114112, and the Financial Support the 1000-Plan of Chongqing by Southwest University under Grant No. SWU116007

  10. The Gold Medal Fitness Program: A Model for Teacher Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Jan; Konza, Deslea; Hearne, Doug; Okely, Tony

    2008-01-01

    Background: Following the 2000 Sydney Olympics, the NSW Premier, Mr Bob Carr, launched a school-based initiative in NSW government primary schools called the "Gold Medal Fitness Program" to encourage children to be fitter and more active. The Program was introduced into schools through a model of professional development, "Quality…

  11. Research in Flight Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-01

    worked to derive a general coupled thermoviscoplasticity theory that incorporates thermal relaxation. He specialized the theory toward the case of small...HISTORY OF AN AIRCRAFT STEVE LINDEMAN (513) 255-2516 BOB PINNELL (513) 255-2516 TRANSPARENCY DURING BIRD IMPACT FIER 0011 IRDA CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT

  12. Looking for Marx: A Review of "Marx and Education" by Jean Anyon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banfield, Grant

    2011-01-01

    "Marx and Education" is the second and latest volume in the new "Routledge Key Ideas in Education Series". The series is intended to offer readers concise introductions to specific sub-field developments in the field of educational scholarship. For their "Marx and Education" volume, Greg Dimitriadis and Bob Lingard…

  13. Energy Consumption Model and Measurement Results for Network Coding-enabled IEEE 802.11 Meshed Wireless Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paramanathan, Achuthan; Rasmussen, Ulrik Wilken; Hundebøll, Martin

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an energy model and energy measurements for network coding enabled wireless meshed networks based on IEEE 802.11 technology. The energy model and the energy measurement testbed is limited to a simple Alice and Bob scenario. For this toy scenario we compare the energy usages...

  14. Corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Tracy TL Cheung, Floor M Kroese, Bob M Fennis and Denise TD De Ridder Put a limit on it: The protective effects of scarcity heuristics when self-control is low. 2015; Vol. 2(2 1–11 (DOI: 10.1177/2055102915615046

  15. Phase II Testing at a Prehistoric Site (32BA418) at Lake Ashtabula (Sheyenne River) Barnes County, North Dakota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    55 K LITHIC ANALYSIS Chipped Stone. .. .......................... 61 Artifacts. .. ........................... 61 Waste Flakes... Lithic analysis was conducted by Richard A. Fox. Others involved in analysis and preparation of the report included Michael L. Gregg, Sarah Moore, Bob...sample. **- 60 ,..;. . . . ... J. LITHIC ANALYSIS by Richard A. Fox The purpose of the lithic analysis was fourfold. First was the desire to determine the

  16. Proceedings of the 1989 Structural Integrity Program Conference Held in San Antonio, Texas on 5-7 Dec 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-01

    ASD/ENF 0800-0830 A Procedure for Separation of Gust and Maneuver Loads Dr F. Eichenbaum and J. W. Chapman - Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company D...Systems Research Laboratory Ward Rummel Martin Marietta / Denver Lindy Shambaugh Pratt & Whitney / Florida Bob Stone San Antonio-A LC/MMFR Sharon Vukelich

  17. Teleportation of Two-Particle Entangled State via Cluster State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Da-Chuang; CAO Zhuo-Liang

    2007-01-01

    In this paper,two schemes for teleporting an unknown two-particle entangled state from the sender (Alice)to the receiver (Bob) via a four-particle entangled cluster state are proposed.In these two schemes,the unknown twoparticle entangled state can be teleported perfectly.The successful probabilities and fidelities of the schemes can reach unity.

  18. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2016-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Suri Sir Neville Marriner. Bob Dylan võitis Nobeli kirjanduspreemia. Kirill Petrenko allkirjastas peadirigendilepingu Berliini Filharmoonikutega. Plácido Domingo uuendas lepingut Los Angelese ooperimajaga. George Enescu konkursi võitjatest. Oksjonil Churchilli sigarikarbist valmistatud viiul

  19. Phil Ochs: No Place in This World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doughty, Howard A.

    2005-01-01

    Phil Ochs was a prominent topical songwriter and singer in the 1960s. He was conventionally considered second only to Bob Dylan in terms of popularity, creativity and influence in the specific genre of contemporary folk music commonly known as "protest music." Whereas Dylan successfully reinvented himself many times in terms of his musical style…

  20. An integrated campaign for investigation of winter-time continental haze over Indo-Gangetic Basin and its radiative effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Sanat Kumar; Chatterjee, Abhijit; Ghosh, Sanjay K; Raha, Sibaji

    2015-11-15

    An outflow of continental haze occurs from Indo-Gangetic Basin (IGB) in the North to Bay of Bengal (BoB) in the South. An integrated campaign was organized to investigate this continental haze during December 2013-February 2014 at source and remote regions within IGB to quantify its radiative effects. Measurements were carried out at three locations in eastern India; 1) Kalas Island, Sundarban (21.68°N, 88.57°E) - an isolated island along the north-east coast of BoB, 2) Kolkata (22.57°N, 88.42°E) - an urban metropolis and 3) Siliguri (26.70°N, 88.35°E) - an urban region at the foothills of eastern Himalayas. Ground-based AOD (at 0.5 μm) is observed to be maximum (1.25±0.18) over Kolkata followed by Siliguri (0.60±0.17) and minimum over Sundarban (0.53±0.18). Black carbon concentration is found to be maximum at Kolkata (21.6±6.6 μg·m(-3)) with almost equal concentrations at Siliguri (12.6±5.2 μg·m(-3)) and Sundarban (12.3±3.0 μg·m(-3)). Combination of MODIS-AOD and back-trajectories analysis shows an outflow of winter-time continental haze originating from central IGB and venting out through Sundarban towards BoB. This continental haze with high extinction coefficient is identified up to central BoB using CALIPSO observations and is found to contribute ~75% to marine AOD over central BoB. This haze produces significantly high aerosol radiative forcing within the atmosphere over Kolkata (75.4 Wm(-2)) as well as over Siliguri and Sundarban (40 Wm(-2)) indicating large forcing over entire IGB, from foothills of the Himalayas to coastal region. This winter-time continental haze also causes about similar radiative heating (1.5 K·day(-1)) from Siliguri to Sundarban which is enhanced over Kolkata (3 K·day(-1)) due to large emission of local urban aerosols. This high aerosol heating over entire IGB and coastal region of BoB can have considerable impact on the monsoonal circulation and more importantly, such haze transported over to BoB can significantly

  1. Extremely large anthropogenic-aerosol contribution to total aerosol load over the Bay of Bengal during winter season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. G. Kaskaoutis

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Ship-borne observations of spectral aerosol optical depth (AOD have been carried out over the entire Bay of Bengal (BoB as part of the W-ICARB cruise campaign during the period 27 December 2008–30 January 2009. The results reveal a pronounced temporal and spatial variability in the optical characteristics of aerosols mainly due to anthropogenic emissions and their dispersion controlled by local meteorology. The highest aerosol amount, with mean AOD500>0.4, being even above 1.0 on specific days, is found close to the coastal regions in the western and northern parts of BoB. In these regions the Ångström exponent is also found to be high (~1.2–1.25 indicating transport of strong anthropogenic emissions from continental regions, while very high AOD500 (0.39±0.07 and α380–870 values (1.27±0.09 are found over the eastern BoB. Except from the large α380–870 values, an indication of strong fine-mode dominance is also observed from the AOD curvature, which is negative in the vast majority of the cases, suggesting dominance of an anthropogenic-pollution aerosol type. On the other hand, clean maritime conditions are rather rare over the region, while the aerosol types are further examined through a classification scheme based on the relationship between α and dα. It was found that even for the same α values the fine-mode dominance is larger for higher AODs showing the strong continental influence over the marine environment of BoB. Furthermore, there is also an evidence of aerosol-size growth under more turbid conditions indicative of coagulation and/or humidification over specific BoB regions. The results obtained using OPAC model show significant fraction of soot aerosols (~6 %–8 % over the eastern and northwestern BoB, while coarse-mode sea salt particles are found to dominate in the southern parts of BoB.

  2. Changes in water vapor transport during the Meiyu season after 2000 and their relationship with the Indian ocean SST and Pacific-Japan pattern

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Qingjiu; Sun, Yuting

    2016-12-01

    Euler's method of water vapor analysis and the Lagrangian trajectory analysis for 1979-2009 show the water vapor associated with Meiyu rainfall over the Yangtze-Huaihe River Valley (YHRV) mainly comes from the South China Sea (SCS) and the Bay of Bengal (BOB), and the local evaporation from the lower and middle troposphere over the Pacific Ocean and Eurasia are secondary. Compared with that before 2000, the contribution of water vapor from the BOB to Meiyu rainfall doubles in the low level but decreases in the mid-level after 2000, while that from the SCS decreases and mid-level transport path shifts to north of the Indochina Peninsula. The increased water vapor transport from the BOB and north of the Indochina Peninsula is the primary cause for the water vapor budget increase at the southern boundary of the YHRV. It is further noted that the water vapor from the SCS mainly influences precipitation over the region to the south of the mid-lower reaches of the Yangtze River, while water vapor transport from the BOB can cause opposite rainfall variations between north and south of Yangtze River over Meiyu rainfall region. After 2000, the decreased/increased SCS/BOB water vapor transport jointly influences the Meiyu rain belt shift northward. Singular value decomposition is used to study the relationship of changes in the water vapor transport with the Indian Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) and Pacific-Japan (P-J) pattern. Enhancement of the coupling between the Indian Ocean SST basin-wide warming and P-J pattern is an inner mechanism of the changes in water vapor transport and the northward shift of the rain belt.

  3. Possible role of pre-monsoon sea surface warming in driving the summer monsoon onset over the Bay of Bengal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kuiping; Liu, Yanliang; Yang, Yang; Li, Zhi; Liu, Baochao; Xue, Liang; Yu, Weidong

    2016-08-01

    Sea surface temperature (SST) reaches its annual maximum just before the summer monsoon onset and collapses soon after in the central areas of the Bay of Bengal (BoB). Here, the impact of the peak in the pre-monsoon SST on triggering the earliest monsoon onset in the BoB is investigated, with a focus on the role they play in driving the first-branch northward-propagating intra-seasonal oscillations (FNISOs) over the equatorial Eastern Indian Ocean (EIO). During the calm pre-monsoon period, sea surface warming in the BoB could increase the surface equivalent potential temperature (θe) in several ways. Firstly, warming of the sea surface heats the surface air through sensible heating, which forces the air temperature to follow the SST. The elevated air surface temperature accounts for 30 % of the surface θe growth. Furthermore, the elevated air temperature raises the water vapor capacity of the surface air to accommodate more water vapor. Constrained by the observation that the surface relative humidity is maintained nearly constant during the monsoon transition period, the surface specific humidity exhibits a significant increase, according to the Clausius-Clapeyron relationship. Budget analysis indicates that the additional moisture is primarily obtained from sea surface evaporation, which also exhibits a weak increasing trend due to the sea surface warming. In this way, it contributes about 70 % to the surface θe growth. The rapid SST increase during the pre-monsoon period preconditions the summer monsoon onset over the BoB through its contributions to significantly increase the surface θe, which eventually establishes the meridional asymmetry of the atmospheric convective instability in the EIO. The pre-established greater convective instability leads to the FNISO convections, and the summer monsoon is triggered in the BoB region.

  4. An integrated campaign for investigation of winter-time continental haze over Indo-Gangetic Basin and its radiative effects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Das, Sanat Kumar, E-mail: sanatkrdas@gmail.com [Environmental Sciences Section, Bose Institute, Kolkata (India); Center for Astroparticle Physics and Space Science, Bose Institute, Kolkata (India); Chatterjee, Abhijit [Environmental Sciences Section, Bose Institute, Kolkata (India); Center for Astroparticle Physics and Space Science, Bose Institute, Kolkata (India); National Facility on Astroparticle Physics and Space Science, Darjeeling (India); Ghosh, Sanjay K. [Center for Astroparticle Physics and Space Science, Bose Institute, Kolkata (India); National Facility on Astroparticle Physics and Space Science, Darjeeling (India); Raha, Sibaji [Environmental Sciences Section, Bose Institute, Kolkata (India); Center for Astroparticle Physics and Space Science, Bose Institute, Kolkata (India); National Facility on Astroparticle Physics and Space Science, Darjeeling (India)

    2015-11-15

    An outflow of continental haze occurs from Indo-Gangetic Basin (IGB) in the North to Bay of Bengal (BoB) in the South. An integrated campaign was organized to investigate this continental haze during December 2013–February 2014 at source and remote regions within IGB to quantify its radiative effects. Measurements were carried out at three locations in eastern India; 1) Kalas Island, Sundarban (21.68°N, 88.57°E) — an isolated island along the north-east coast of BoB, 2) Kolkata (22.57°N, 88.42°E) — an urban metropolis and 3) Siliguri (26.70°N, 88.35°E) — an urban region at the foothills of eastern Himalayas. Ground-based AOD (at 0.5 μm) is observed to be maximum (1.25 ± 0.18) over Kolkata followed by Siliguri (0.60 ± 0.17) and minimum over Sundarban (0.53 ± 0.18). Black carbon concentration is found to be maximum at Kolkata (21.6 ± 6.6 μg·m{sup −3}) with almost equal concentrations at Siliguri (12.6 ± 5.2 μg·m{sup −3}) and Sundarban (12.3 ± 3.0 μg·m{sup −3}). Combination of MODIS-AOD and back-trajectories analysis shows an outflow of winter-time continental haze originating from central IGB and venting out through Sundarban towards BoB. This continental haze with high extinction coefficient is identified up to central BoB using CALIPSO observations and is found to contribute ~ 75% to marine AOD over central BoB. This haze produces significantly high aerosol radiative forcing within the atmosphere over Kolkata (75.4 Wm{sup −2}) as well as over Siliguri and Sundarban (40 Wm{sup −2}) indicating large forcing over entire IGB, from foothills of the Himalayas to coastal region. This winter-time continental haze also causes about similar radiative heating (1.5 K·day{sup −1}) from Siliguri to Sundarban which is enhanced over Kolkata (3 K·day{sup −1}) due to large emission of local urban aerosols. This high aerosol heating over entire IGB and coastal region of BoB can have considerable impact on the monsoonal circulation and more

  5. Thermally stable hyperbranched polyether-based polymer electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Feng; Feng, Ting; Wu, Chuan; Bai, Ying; Ye, Lin; Chen, Junzheng

    2010-01-01

    A thermally stable polymer matrix, comprising hyperbranched polyether PHEMO (poly(3-{2-[2-(2-hydroxyethoxy) ethoxy] ethoxy}methyl-3'-methyloxetane)) and PVDF-HFP (poly(vinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene)), has been successfully prepared for applications in lithium-ion batteries. This type of polymer electrolyte has been made by adding different amounts of lithium bis(oxalate)borate (LiBOB) to the polymer matrix. Its thermal and structural properties were measured using differential scanning calorimetry and x-ray diffraction. Experimental results show that the polymer electrolyte system possesses good thermal stability, with a decomposition temperature above 420 °C. The ionic conductivity of the polymer electrolyte system is dependent on the lithium salt content, reaching a maximum of 1.1 × 10-5 S cm-1 at 30 °C and 2.3 × 10-4 S cm-1 at 80 °C when doped with 10 wt% LiBOB.

  6. Effect of aging on the ionic conductivity of polyvinylidenefluoride-hexafluoropropylene (PVdF-HFP) membrane impregnated with different lithium salts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aravindan, Vanchiappan; Vickraman, Palanisamy

    2012-05-01

    The aging towards the ionic conductivity have been studied using of different lithium salts namely, lithium bis(oxalate)borate (LiBOB), lithium difluoro(oxalato)borate (LiDFOB), lithium fluoroalkylphosphate (LiFAP) and LiPF6 in polyvinylidenefluoride-hexafluoropropylene (PVdF-HFP) matrix. The crystallization behavior of LiBOB and LiDFOB has been noticed for the first time during storage of such membranes within the texture of PVdF-HFP matrix. At the same time, such behavior has not been observed in the case of LiFAP and LiPF6 based membranes. The growth of such crystallites would certainly hinder the mobility mechanism of Li+ ions and it has been confirmed by ionic conductivity measurements. The formation of such crystals has been validated through scanning electron microscopic studies.

  7. Robust Anti-Collective Noise Quantum Secure Direct Dialogue Using Logical Bell States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Di; Lv, Hong-Jun; Xie, Guang-Jun

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we propose two quantum secure direct dialogue (QSDD) schemes with logical Bell states which can resist collective noise. The two users Alice and Bob encode their secret messages with the help of unitary operations. Compared with many quantum secure direct communication (QSDC), there is no strict information sender and receiver in these schemes, one logical Bell state can be operated twice by Alice and Bob based on what messages they prefer to encode. As a result, the two users are able to share their messages mutually, so the efficiency of communication is improved. By rearranging the order of particles and inserting decoy photons, our protocols are able to avoid the information leakage and detect eavesdropping, and they can be proved to have unconditional security.

  8. Teleportation-based continuous variable quantum cryptography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luiz, F. S.; Rigolin, Gustavo

    2017-03-01

    We present a continuous variable (CV) quantum key distribution (QKD) scheme based on the CV quantum teleportation of coherent states that yields a raw secret key made up of discrete variables for both Alice and Bob. This protocol preserves the efficient detection schemes of current CV technology (no single-photon detection techniques) and, at the same time, has efficient error correction and privacy amplification schemes due to the binary modulation of the key. We show that for a certain type of incoherent attack, it is secure for almost any value of the transmittance of the optical line used by Alice to share entangled two-mode squeezed states with Bob (no 3 dB or 50% loss limitation characteristic of beam splitting attacks). The present CVQKD protocol works deterministically (no postselection needed) with efficient direct reconciliation techniques (no reverse reconciliation) in order to generate a secure key and beyond the 50% loss case at the incoherent attack level.

  9. Space-bounded communication complexity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brody, Joshua Eric; Chen, Shiteng; Papakonstantinou, Periklis A.;

    2013-01-01

    communicate his entire input. However, what if the players are limited in their ability to recall parts of their interaction? We introduce memory models for 2-party communication complexity. Our general model is as follows: two computationally unrestricted players, Alice and Bob, each have s(n) bits of memory....... When a player receives a bit of communication, he "compresses" his state. This compression may be an arbitrary function of his current memory contents, his input, and the bit of communication just received; the only restriction is that the compression must return at most s(n) bits. We obtain memory...... controls two types of memory: (i) a large, oblivious memory, where updates are only a function of the received bit and the current memory content, and (ii) a smaller, non-oblivious/general memory, where updates can be a function of the input given to Bob. We exhibit natural protocols where this semi...

  10. Security Weaknesses in Arbitrated Quantum Signature Protocols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Feng; Zhang, Kejia; Cao, Tianqing

    2014-01-01

    Arbitrated quantum signature (AQS) is a cryptographic scenario in which the sender (signer), Alice, generates the signature of a message and then a receiver (verifier), Bob, can verify the signature with the help of a trusted arbitrator, Trent. In this paper, we point out there exist some security weaknesses in two AQS protocols. Our analysis shows Alice can successfully disavow any of her signatures by a simple attack in the first protocol. Furthermore, we study the security weaknesses of the second protocol from the aspects of forgery and disavowal. Some potential improvements of this kind of protocols are given. We also design a new method to authenticate a signature or a message, which makes AQS protocols immune to Alice's disavowal attack and Bob's forgery attack effectively.

  11. Cryptanalysis of the arbitrated quantum signature protocols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Fei; Qin, Su-Juan; Guo, Fen-Zhuo; Wen, Qiao-Yan

    2011-08-01

    As a new model for signing quantum messages, arbitrated quantum signature (AQS) has recently received a lot of attention. In this paper we study the cryptanalysis of previous AQS protocols from the aspects of forgery and disavowal. We show that in these protocols the receiver, Bob, can realize existential forgery of the sender's signature under known message attack. Bob can even achieve universal forgery when the protocols are used to sign a classical message. Furthermore, the sender, Alice, can successfully disavow any of her signatures by simple attack. The attack strategies are described in detail and some discussions about the potential improvements of the protocols are given. Finally we also present several interesting topics on AQS protocols that can be studied in future.

  12. Mysteries of the quantum universe

    CERN Document Server

    Damour, Thibault

    2017-01-01

    Famous explorer Bob and his dog Rick have been around the world and even to the Moon, but their travels through the quantum universe show them the greatest wonders they've ever seen. As they follow their tour guide, the giddy letter h (also known as the Planck constant), Bob and Rick have crepes with Max Planck, talk to Einstein about atoms, visit Louis de Broglie in his castle, and hang out with Heisenberg on Heligoland. On the way, we find out that a dog - much like a cat - can be both dead and alive, the gaze of a mouse can change the universe, and a comic book can actually make quantum physics fun, easy to understand and downright enchanting.

  13. Cryptanalysis of the arbitrated quantum signature protocols

    CERN Document Server

    Gao, Fei; Guo, Fen-Zhuo; Wen, Qiao-Yan

    2011-01-01

    As a new model for signing quantum message, arbitrated quantum signature (AQS) has recently received a lot of attention. In this paper we study the cryptanalysis of previous AQS protocols from the aspects of forgery and disavowal. We show that in these protocols the receiver Bob can realize existential forgery of the sender's signature under known message attack. Bob can even achieve universal forgery when the protocols are used to sign a classical message. Furthermore, the sender Alice can successfully disavow any of her signatures by simple attack. The attack strategies are described in detail and some discussions about the potential improvements of the protocols are given. Finally we also present several interesting topics in future study on AQS protocols.

  14. Quantum hacking of a continuous-variable quantum-key-distribution system using a wavelength attack

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jing-Zheng; Weedbrook, Christian; Yin, Zhen-Qiang; Wang, Shuang; Li, Hong-Wei; Chen, Wei; Guo, Guang-Can; Han, Zheng-Fu

    2013-06-01

    The security proofs of continuous-variable quantum key distribution are based on the assumptions that the eavesdropper can neither act on the local oscillator nor control Bob's beam splitter. These assumptions may be invalid in practice due to potential imperfections in the implementations of such protocols. In this paper, we consider the problem of transmitting the local oscillator in a public channel and propose a wavelength attack which allows the eavesdropper to control the intensity transmission of Bob's beam splitter by switching the wavelength of the input light. Specifically we target continuous-variable quantum key distribution systems that use the heterodyne detection protocol using either direct or reverse reconciliation. Our attack is proved to be feasible and renders all of the final keys shared between the legitimate parties insecure, even if they have monitored the intensity of the local oscillator. To prevent our attack on commercial systems, a simple wavelength filter should be randomly added before performing monitoring detection.

  15. Teleportation of the one-qubit state with environment-disturbed recovery operations

    CERN Document Server

    Hu, Ming-Liang

    2011-01-01

    We study standard protocol $\\mathcal{P}_0$ for teleporting the one-qubit state with both the transmission process of the two qubits constitute the quantum channel and the recovery operations performed by Bob disturbed by the decohering environment. The results revealed that Bob's imperfect operations do not eliminate the possibility of nonclassical teleportation fidelity provided he shares an ideal channel state with Alice, while the transmission process is constrained by a critical time $t_{0,c}$ longer than which will result in failure of $\\mathcal{P}_0$ if the two qubits are corrupted by the decohering environment. Moreover, we found that under the condition of the same decoherence rate $\\gamma$, the teleportation protocol is significantly more fragile when it is executed under the influence of the noisy environment than those under the influence of the dissipative and dephasing environments.

  16. Démonstration expérimentale d'une distribution quantique de clé par codage temporel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boucher, W.; Debuisschert, T.

    2006-10-01

    Nous avons démontré expérimentalement la transmission quantique de clé par codage temporel. Alice envoie des impulsions cohérentes atténuées. La clé est codée dans l'instant de détection des photons chez Bob. Une mesure de la durée de cohérence par moyen interférométrique permet d'assurer un fonctionnement en régime quantique. Nous avons mesuré un taux d'erreur quantique de 3.3% et une chute relative de contraste de l'interféromètre de 8.4%. Ces valeurs permettent d'évaluer un avantage d'information de 0.49 bit/impulsion pour Alice et Bob par rapport à un espion éventuel.

  17. Experimental bit commitment based on quantum communication and special relativity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunghi, T; Kaniewski, J; Bussières, F; Houlmann, R; Tomamichel, M; Kent, A; Gisin, N; Wehner, S; Zbinden, H

    2013-11-01

    Bit commitment is a fundamental cryptographic primitive in which Bob wishes to commit a secret bit to Alice. Perfectly secure bit commitment between two mistrustful parties is impossible through asynchronous exchange of quantum information. Perfect security is however possible when Alice and Bob split into several agents exchanging classical and quantum information at times and locations suitably chosen to satisfy specific relativistic constraints. Here we report on an implementation of a bit commitment protocol using quantum communication and special relativity. Our protocol is based on [A. Kent, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 130501 (2012)] and has the advantage that it is practically feasible with arbitrary large separations between the agents in order to maximize the commitment time. By positioning agents in Geneva and Singapore, we obtain a commitment time of 15 ms. A security analysis considering experimental imperfections and finite statistics is presented.

  18. Quantum Decoys

    CERN Document Server

    Arrighi, P

    2003-01-01

    Alice communicates with words drawn uniformly amongst $\\{\\ket{j}\\}_{j=1..n}$, the canonical orthonormal basis. Sometimes however Alice interleaves quantum decoys $\\{\\frac{\\ket{j}+i\\ket{k}}{\\sqrt{2}}\\}$ between her messages. Such pairwise superpositions of possible words cannot be distinguished from the message words. Thus as malevolent Eve observes the quantum channel, she runs the risk of damaging the superpositions (by causing a collapse). At the receiving end honest Bob, whom we assume is warned of the quantum decoys' distribution, checks upon their integrity with a measurement. The present work establishes, in the case of individual attacks, the tradeoff between Eve's information gain (her chances, if a message word was sent, of guessing which) and the disturbance she induces (Bob's chances, if a quantum decoy was sent, to detect tampering). Besides secure channel protocols, quantum decoys seem a powerful primitive for constructing n-dimensional quantum cryptographic applications. Moreover the methods emp...

  19. Dynamics of Entropy in Quantum-like Model of Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basieva, Irina; Khrennikov, Andrei; Asano, Masanari; Ohya, Masanori; Tanaka, Yoshiharu

    2011-03-01

    We present a quantum-like model of decision making in games of the Prisoner's Dilemma type. By this model the brain processes information by using representation of mental states in complex Hilbert space. Driven by the master equation the mental state of a player, say Alice, approaches an equilibrium point in the space of density matrices. By using this equilibrium point Alice determines her mixed (i.e., probabilistic) strategy with respect to Bob. Thus our model is a model of thinking through decoherence of initially pure mental state. Decoherence is induced by interaction with memory and external environment. In this paper we study (numerically) dynamics of quantum entropy of Alice's state in the process of decision making. Our analysis demonstrates that this dynamics depends nontrivially on the initial state of Alice's mind on her own actions and her prediction state (for possible actions of Bob.)

  20. The Rain Keeps Falling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah Rose

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The force of disaster hit me in the heart when, as a young woman, I heard Bob Dylan sing ‘Hard Rain’. In a voice stunned by violence, the young man reports on a multitude of forces that drag the world into catastrophe. In the 1960s I heard the social justice in the song. In 2004 the environmental issues ambush me. The song starts and ends in the dying world of trees and rivers. The poet’s words in both domains of justice are eerily prophetic. They call across the music, and across the years, saying that a hard rain is coming. The words bear no story at all; they give us a series of compelling images, an account of impending calamity. The artistry of the poet—Bob (Billy Boy Dylan—offers sequences of reports that, like Walter Benjamin’s storm from paradise, pile wreckage upon wreckage.

  1. 外刊刊例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓可晖

    2003-01-01

    鲍勃·迪伦,行动主义者和诗人《泰晤士报文学评论》10月30日1961年初,19岁的 Bob Dylan 来到民谣圣地纽约格林威治村,衣冠不整、一支接一支抽烟。"他极度好奇,一片空白,像吸墨纸一样随时随地吸干接触到的一切。"这年底,Dylan 签约哥伦比亚公司并推出第一张专辑,就叫"Bob Dylan"。除了一些翻唱的布鲁斯

  2. The Impossibility of Pseudo-Telepathy Without Quantum Entanglement

    CERN Document Server

    Galliard, V; Tapp, A; Galliard, Viktor; Wolf, Stefan; Tapp, Alain

    2002-01-01

    Imagine that Alice and Bob, unable to communicate, are both given a 16-bit string such that the strings are either equal, or they differ in exactly 8 positions. Both parties are then supposed to output a 4-bit string in such a way that these short strings are equal if and only if the original longer strings given to them were equal as well. It is known that this task can be fulfilled without failure and without communication if Alice and Bob share 4 maximally entangled quantum bits. We show that, on the other hand, they CANNOT win the same game with certainty if they only share classical bits, even if it is an unlimited number. This means that for fulfilling this particular distributed task, quantum entanglement can completely replace communication. This phenomenon has been called pseudo-telepathy. The results of this paper complete the analysis of the first proposed game of this type between two players.

  3. Bidirectional and Asymmetric Controlled Quantum Information Transmission via Five-qubit Brown State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Sheng-hui; Jiang, Min

    2017-02-01

    We put forward a new protocol of deterministic controlled bidirectional quantum information transmission, using a five-qubit Brown state. That is to say Alice wants to teleport an arbitrary single-qubit state to Bob and Bob wants to remotely prepare a known state for Alice via the control of the supervisor Charlie. In terms of physical implementations, only a CNOT gate, one Bell-state measurement and one qubit measurement are used in our protocol. Compared with previous study for solely bidirectional quantum teleportation and solely bidirectional remote state preparation schemes, our protocol is a kind of hybrid approach of information communication which makes the quantum channel multipurpose, i.e., no matter whether the transmitted state is known or unknown, the state information can be transmitted with each other via a five-qubit Brown state under the control of the third party as a supervisor.

  4. Generalizability and comparison of automatic clinical text de-identification methods and resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrández, Óscar; South, Brett R; Shen, Shuying; Friedlin, F Jeff; Samore, Matthew H; Meystre, Stéphane M

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we present an evaluation of the hybrid best-of-breed automated VHA (Veteran's Health Administration) clinical text de-identification system, nicknamed BoB, developed within the VHA Consortium for Healthcare Informatics Research. We also evaluate two available machine learning-based text de-identifications systems: MIST and HIDE. Two different clinical corpora were used for this evaluation: a manually annotated VHA corpus, and the 2006 i2b2 de-identification challenge corpus. These experiments focus on the generalizability and portability of the classification models across different document sources. BoB demonstrated good recall (92.6%), satisfactorily prioritizing patient privacy, and also achieved competitive precision (83.6%) for preserving subsequent document interpretability. MIST and HIDE reached very competitive results, in most cases with high precision (92.6% and 93.6%), although recall was sometimes lower than desired for the most sensitive PHI categories.

  5. Measurement of marine productivity using 15N and 13C tracers: Some methodological aspects

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Naveen Gandhi; Sanjeev Kumar; S Prakash; R Ramesh; M S Sheshshayee

    2011-02-01

    Various experiments involving the measurement of new, regenerated and total productivity using 15N and 13C tracers were carried out in the Bay of Bengal (BOB) and in the Arabian Sea. Results from 15N tracer experiments indicate that nitrate uptake can be underestimated by experiments with incubation time > 4 hours. Indirect evidence suggests pico- and nano-phytoplankton, on their dominance over microphytoplankton, can also influence the f-ratios. Difference in energy requirement for assimilation of different nitrogen compounds decides the preferred nitrogen source during the early hours of incubation. Variation in light intensity during incubation also plays a significant role in the assimilation of nitrogen. Results from time course experiments with both 15N and 13C tracers suggest that photoinhibition appears significant in BOB and the Arabian Sea during noon. A significant correlation has been found in the productivity values obtained using 15N and 13C tracers.

  6. The Onset of the Monsoon over the Bay of Bengal: The Year-to-Year Variations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Wei-Dong; LI Kui-Ping; SHI Jian-Wei; LIU Lin; WANG Hui-Wu; LIU Yan-Liang

    2012-01-01

    In situ buoy observation data spanning four years (2008-2011) were used to demonstrate the year-to-year variations of the monsoon onset processes in the Bay of Bengal (BOB). A significant early (late) monsoon onset event in 2009 (2010) was analyzed in detail. It is found that the year-to-year variations of monsoon onset can be attributed to either the interannual variability in the BoB SST or the irregular activities of the intra-seasonal oscillation (ISO). This finding raises concern over the potential difficulties in simulating or predicting the monsoon onset in the BoB region. This uncertainty largely comes from the unsatisfactory model behavior at the intra-seasonal time scale.

  7. China's Wealth: First National Economic Census

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUOYUANJUN

    2005-01-01

    ""When I first arrived in Beijing, I felt China was already a developed country."" This was American traveler Bob's first impression of China. But as he found out,first impressions aren't always true. ""When I saw western China, I got confused; the economic situation there is completely different from that of the capital.I really wonder what the true state of the Chinese economy is."" Bob is not alone.The Chinese economy has become the subject of much global debate. In 2004, the Chinese central government carried out a national economic census covering Chinese business and industry.Its aim was to collect a comprehensive range of accurate economic data in order to get a clearer picture of the country's economic make-up.

  8. A new representation and probabilistic teleportation of an arbitrary and unknown N-particle state

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong Li; Xiu Xiao-Ming; Gao Ya-Jun

    2006-01-01

    A new representation of an arbitrary and unknown N-particle state is presented at first. As an application,a scheme for teleporting an arbitrary and unknown N-particle state is proposed when N pairs of two-particle nonmaximally entangled states are utilized as quantum channels. After Alice (sender) makes Bell-state measurement on her particles, Bob (recipient) introduces an auxiliary particle and carries out appropriate unitary transformation on his particle and the auxiliary particle depending on classical information from Alice. Then, yon Neumann measurement that confirms whether the teleportation succeeds or not is performed by Bob on the auxiliary particle. In order to complete the teleportation, another N-1 times operations need to be performed which are similar to the above ones. It can be successfully realized with a certain probability which is determined by the product of the smaller coefficients of non-maximally entangled pairs. All possible unitary transformations are given in detail.

  9. Two-Player 2 × 2 Quantum Game in Spin System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Zhiming; Situ, Haozhen

    2017-02-01

    In this work, we study the payoffs of quantum Samaritan's dilemma played with the thermal entangled state of XXZ spin model in the presence of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction. We discuss the effect of anisotropy parameter, strength of DM interaction and temperature on quantum Samaritan's dilemma. It is shown that although increasing DM interaction and anisotropy parameter generate entanglement, players payoffs are not simply decided by entanglement and depend on other game components such as strategy and payoff measurement. In general, Entanglement and Alice's payoff evolve to a relatively stable value with anisotropy parameter, and develop to a fixed value with DM interaction strength, while Bob's payoff changes in the reverse direction. It is noted that the augment of Alice's payoff compensates for the loss of Bob's payoff. For different strategies, payoffs have different changes with temperature. Our results and discussions can be analogously generalized to other 2 × 2 quantum static games in various spin models.

  10. Randomization for Security in Half-Duplex Two-Way Gaussian Channels

    CERN Document Server

    Gamal, Aly El; Gamal, Hesham El

    2009-01-01

    This paper develops a new physical layer framework for secure two-way wireless communication in the presence of a passive eavesdropper, i.e., Eve. Our approach achieves perfect information theoretic secrecy via a novel randomized scheduling and power allocation scheme. The key idea is to allow Alice and Bob to send symbols at random time instants. While Alice will be able to determine the symbols transmitted by Bob, Eve will suffer from ambiguity regarding the source of any particular symbol. This desirable ambiguity is enhanced, in our approach, by randomizing the transmit power level. Our theoretical analysis, in a 2-D geometry, reveals the ability of the proposed approach to achieve relatively high secure data rates under mild conditions on the spatial location of Eve. These theoretical claims are then validated by experimental results using IEEE 802.15.4-enabled sensor boards in different configurations, motivated by the spatial characteristics of Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN).

  11. Interference-free coulometric titration of water in lithium bis(oxalato)borate using Karl Fischer reagents based on N-methylformamide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, William; Panitz, Jan-Christoph; Cedergren, Anders

    2006-03-15

    A non-alcoholic coulometric reagent based on N-methylformamide (NMF) was shown to eliminate the severe interference effect caused by the alcohol component of the conventional Karl Fischer (KF) reagent on the battery electrolyte lithium bis(oxalato)borate (LiBOB). For sample amounts up to 240 microg of water, the stoichiometry of the KF reaction deviated only slightly from the ideal 1:1 ratio for the best reagent composition. Both solid and dissolved (in acetonitrile, tetrahydrofuran (THF), and ethylene carbonate/ethyl methyl carbonate) LiBOB were titrated successfully using a Metrohm 756 KF Coulometer with a diaphragm cell. The detection limit was estimated to be 0.5-1 microg of water using 100ml of reagent in this system.

  12. The operational meaning of quantum conditional information

    CERN Document Server

    Devetak, I; Devetak, Igor; Yard, Jon

    2006-01-01

    With a statistical view towards information and noise, information theory derives ultimate limitations on information processing tasks. These limits are generally expressed in terms of entropic measures of information and correlations. Here we answer the quantum information-theoretic question: ``How correlated are two quantum systems from the perspective of a third?" by solving the following `quantum state redistribution' problem. Given an arbitrary quantum state of three systems, where Alice holds two and Bob holds one, what is the cost, in terms of quantum communication and entanglement, for Alice to give one of her parts to Bob? The communication cost gives the first operational interpretation to quantum conditional mutual information. The optimal procedure is self-dual under time reversal and is perfectly composable. This generalizes known protocols such as the state merging and fully quantum Slepian-Wolf protocols, from which almost every known protocol in quantum Shannon theory can be derived.

  13. Secure quantum communication using classical correlated channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, D.; de Almeida, N. G.; Villas-Boas, C. J.

    2016-10-01

    We propose a secure protocol to send quantum information from one part to another without a quantum channel. In our protocol, which resembles quantum teleportation, a sender (Alice) and a receiver (Bob) share classical correlated states instead of EPR ones, with Alice performing measurements in two different bases and then communicating her results to Bob through a classical channel. Our secure quantum communication protocol requires the same amount of classical bits as the standard quantum teleportation protocol. In our scheme, as in the usual quantum teleportation protocol, once the classical channel is established in a secure way, a spy (Eve) will never be able to recover the information of the unknown quantum state, even if she is aware of Alice's measurement results. Security, advantages, and limitations of our protocol are discussed and compared with the standard quantum teleportation protocol.

  14. A Weak Quantum Blind Signature with Entanglement Permutation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Xiaoping; Chen, Zhigang; Guo, Ying

    2015-09-01

    Motivated by the permutation encryption algorithm, a weak quantum blind signature (QBS) scheme is proposed. It involves three participants, including the sender Alice, the signatory Bob and the trusted entity Charlie, in four phases, i.e., initializing phase, blinding phase, signing phase and verifying phase. In a small-scale quantum computation network, Alice blinds the message based on a quantum entanglement permutation encryption algorithm that embraces the chaotic position string. Bob signs the blinded message with private parameters shared beforehand while Charlie verifies the signature's validity and recovers the original message. Analysis shows that the proposed scheme achieves the secure blindness for the signer and traceability for the message owner with the aid of the authentic arbitrator who plays a crucial role when a dispute arises. In addition, the signature can neither be forged nor disavowed by the malicious attackers. It has a wide application to E-voting and E-payment system, etc.

  15. Perfect commuting-operator strategies for linear system games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleve, Richard; Liu, Li; Slofstra, William

    2017-01-01

    Linear system games are a generalization of Mermin's magic square game introduced by Cleve and Mittal. They show that perfect strategies for linear system games in the tensor-product model of entanglement correspond to finite-dimensional operator solutions of a certain set of non-commutative equations. We investigate linear system games in the commuting-operator model of entanglement, where Alice and Bob's measurement operators act on a joint Hilbert space, and Alice's operators must commute with Bob's operators. We show that perfect strategies in this model correspond to possibly infinite-dimensional operator solutions of the non-commutative equations. The proof is based around a finitely presented group associated with the linear system which arises from the non-commutative equations.

  16. Quantum locking of classical correlations and quantum discord of classical-quantum states

    CERN Document Server

    Boixo, S; Cavalcanti, D; Modi, K; Winter, A

    2011-01-01

    A locking protocol between two parties is as follows: Alice gives an encrypted classical message to Bob which she does not want Bob to be able to read until she gives him the key. If Alice is using classical resources, and she wants to approach unconditional security, then the key and the message must have comparable sizes. But if Alice prepares a quantum state, the size of the key can be comparatively negligible. This effect is called quantum locking. Entanglement does not play a role in this quantum advantage. We show that, in this scenario, the quantum discord quantifies the advantage of the quantum protocol over the corresponding classical one for any classical-quantum state.

  17. Ice berg cracking events as identified from underwater ambient noise measurements in the shallow waters of Ny-Alesund, Arctic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashokan, M.; Latha, G.; Thirunavukkarasu, A.; Raguraman, G.; Venkatesan, R.

    2016-06-01

    This paper presents the work carried out on the analysis of preliminary underwater ambient noise measurements in the shallow waters of Kongsfjorden fjord, Arctic in the summer season, in which the ice berg cracking noise is identified. In the summer period, the melting of ice cover is fast and hence the ice bergs are free to move and float in the ocean. Underwater ambient noise has been acquired in the Kongsfjorden fjord, Arctic sea on 19th July 2015 at 5 m water depth, where the ocean depth is 50 m. Due to the tensile cracks at the surface of the sea ice by thermal expansion, ice berg calving and bobbing occurred near the experiment site. Analysis of power spectra shows that ice berg calving noise falls in the frequency band 100 Hz-500 Hz and the ice berg bobbing noise falls in the frequency band 200 Hz-400 Hz.

  18. An Operator--like Description of Love Affairs

    CERN Document Server

    Bagarello, Fabio

    2010-01-01

    We adopt the so--called \\emph{occupation number representation}, originally used in quantum mechanics and recently considered in the description of stock markets, in the analysis of the dynamics of love relations. We start with a simple model, involving two actors (Alice and Bob): in the linear case we obtain periodic dynamics, whereas in the nonlinear regime either periodic or quasiperiodic solutions are found. Then we extend the model to a love triangle involving Alice, Bob and a third actress, Carla. Interesting features appear, and in particular we find analytical conditions for the linear model of love triangle to have periodic or quasiperiodic solutions. Numerical solutions are exhibited in the nonlinear case.

  19. Pot Luck: Adventures in Archaeology, by Florence C. Lister. Foreword by R. Gwinn Vivian. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard L. Fontana

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Over a period of nearly five decades, Florence Cline Lister and her husband, the late Robert Hill Lister, were a team whose light shown brightly over the ramparts of Southwest archaeology. Almost always referred to by others as "Bob and Florence," "Florence and Bob," or, simply, as "the Listers," their efforts toward unravelling mysteries of the region's prehistoric and colonial period past, in writing such historic accounts as that of the Mexican state of Chihua­hua, or in chronicling the lives of such Southwestern archaeologists as Earl Morris were nearly always a joint enter­prise. As with Hattie and Comelius "Burt" Cosgrove before them, and, further afield, Will and Ariel Durant, their names, like their shared interests, became melded into one.

  20. Device-independent two-party cryptography secure against sequential attacks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaniewski, Jedrzej; Wehner, Stephanie

    2016-01-01

    The goal of two-party cryptography is to enable two parties, Alice and Bob, to solve common tasks without the need for mutual trust. Examples of such tasks are private access to a database, and secure identification. Quantum communication enables security for all of these problems in the noisy......-storage model by sending more signals than the adversary can store in a certain time frame. Here, we initiate the study of device-independent (DI) protocols for two-party cryptography in the noisy-storage model. Specifically, we present a relatively easy to implement protocol for a cryptographic building block...... known as weak string erasure and prove its security even if the devices used in the protocol are prepared by the dishonest party. DI two-party cryptography is made challenging by the fact that Alice and Bob do not trust each other, which requires new techniques to establish security. We fully analyse...

  1. Timelike information broadcasting in cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Blasco, Ana; Martin-Benito, Mercedes; Martin-Martinez, Eduardo

    2015-01-01

    We study the transmission of information and correlations through quantum fields in cosmological backgrounds. With this aim, we make use of quantum information tools to quantify the classical and quantum correlations induced by a quantum massless scalar field in two particle detectors, one located in the early universe (Alice's) and the other located at a later time (Bob's). In particular, we focus on two phenomena: a) the consequences on the transmission of information of the violations of the strong Huygens principle for quantum fields, and b) the analysis of the field vacuum correlations via correlation harvesting from Alice to Bob. We will study a standard cosmological model first and then assess whether these results also hold if we use other than the general relativistic dynamics. As a particular example, we will study the transmission of information through the Big Bounce, that replaces the Big Bang, in the effective dynamics of Loop Quantum Cosmology.

  2. Notes on teleportation in an expanding space

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feng, Jun, E-mail: tsunfeng@iphy.ac.cn [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Yang, Wen-Li [Institute of Modern Physics, Northwest University, Xian 710069 (China); Zhang, Yao-Zhong [School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 (Australia); Fan, Heng, E-mail: hfan@iphy.ac.cn [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2013-02-26

    We investigate the quantum teleportation between a conformal detector Alice and an inertial detector Bob in de Sitter space in two schemes, (i) one uses free scalar modes and (ii) one utilizes cavity to store qubit. We show that the fidelity of the teleportation is degraded for Bob in both cases. While the fidelity-loss is due to the Gibbons–Hawking effect associated with his cosmological horizon in the scheme (i), the entanglement decreases in the scheme (ii) because the ability to entangle the cavities is reduced by the spacetime curvature. With a cutoff at Planck-scale, comparing with the standard Bunch–Davies choice, we also show that the possible Planckian physics cause extra modifications to the fidelity of the teleportation protocol in both schemes.

  3. CERT TST December 2015 Visit Summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Little, Robert Currier [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Bailey, Teresa S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Gamblin, G. Todd [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Olinger, Chad Tracy [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Pautz, Shawn D. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Williams, Alan B. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2016-01-25

    The annual PSAAP II TST visit to Texas A&M’s CERT Center was held on December 1-3, 2015. The agenda for the visit is attached. Non-TAMU attendees were: TST Members – Teresa Bailey (LLNL), Todd Gamblin (LLNL), Bob Little (LANL) – Chair, Chad Olinger (LANL), Shawn Pautz (SNL), Alan Williams (SNL);Other Lab staff – Skip Kahler (LANL), Ana Kupresanin (LLNL), and Rob Lowrie (LANL); AST Members – Nelson Hoffman (LANL) and Bob Voigt (Leidos) The TST wishes to express our appreciation to all involved with CERT for the high-quality posters and presentations and for the attention to logistics that enabled a successful visit. We have broken our comments into four sections: (1) Kudos, (2) Recommendations, (3) Feedback on Priorities for April Review, and (4) Follow-Up Activities with Labs.

  4. Quantum Key Distribution Protocol with User Authentication

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, H; Lee, D; Lim, J; Yang, H J; Lee, Hwayean; Lee, Sangjin; Lee, Donghoon; Lim, Jongin; Yang, HyungJin

    2005-01-01

    We propose a quantum key distribution protocol with quantum based user authentication. User authentication is executed by validating the correlation of GHZ states. Alice and Bob can distribute a secure key using the remaining GHZ states after authentication. This secret key does not leak even to the arbitrator by the properties of the entanglement. We will show that our protocol is secure against the cloning attack.

  5. A Survey of Systems Engineering Effectiveness - Initial Results (With Detailed Survey Response Data)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    John P. Gaddie Donald J. Gantzer Dennis Goldenson Dennis E. Hecht Ellis Hitt James Holton Sherwin Jacobson George Kailiwai Ed Kunay Dona M. Lee...Robert Ferguson Mike Konrad Brian Gallagher Keith Kost James McCurley Tom Merendino Gerald Miller Mike Phillips Dave Zubrow 1 Committee Co-Chair...Pyster Bob Rassa James “Rusty” Rentsch Paul Robitaille Garry Roedler Rex Sallade J. R. Schrand Sarah Sheard Jack Stockdale Jason Stripinis Mike

  6. A Survey of Systems Engineering Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-01

    P. Gaddie Donald J. Gantzer Dennis Goldenson Dennis E. Hecht Ellis Hitt James Holton Sherwin Jacobson George Kailiwai Ed Kunay Dona M. Lee Jeff...Ferguson Mike Konrad Brian Gallagher Keith Kost James McCurley Tom Merendino Gerald Miller Mike Phillips Dave Zubrow 1 Committee Co-Chair...Bob Rassa James “Rusty” Rentsch Paul Robitaille Garry Roedler Rex Sallade J. R. Schrand Sarah Sheard Jack Stockdale Jason Stripinis Mike Ucchino1

  7. STS-64 SAFER Assembly development team members

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    The Simplified Aid for EVA Rescue (SAFER) system, to be tested on the STS-64 flight, is surrounded by the team members who have spent a number of recent man hours in preparation for the system's first test-flight. In front are (left to right) Russell L. Flack and Bob Lowe. In the back row are (left to right) Jack D. Humphreys, Chuck Deason, Bill Wood and James Brown.

  8. Quantum hacking on a practical continuous-variable quantum cryptosystem by inserting an external light

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Hao; Kumar, Rupesh; Alleaume, Romain

    2015-10-01

    We report here a new side channel attack on a practical continuous-variable (CV) quantum key distribution (QKD) system. Inspired by blinding attack in discrete-variable QKD, we formalize an attack strategy by inserting an external light into a CV QKD system implemented Gaussian-modulated coherent state protocol and show that our attack can compromise its practical security. In this attack, we concern imperfections of a balanced homodyne detector used in CV QKD. According to our analysis, if one inserts an external light into Bob's signal port, due to the imperfect subtraction from the homodyne detector, the leakage of the external light contributes a displacement on the homodyne signal which causes detector electronics saturation. In consequence, Bob's quadrature measurement is not linear with the quadrature sent by Alice. By considering such vulnerability, a potential Eve can launch a full intercept-resend attack meanwhile she inserts an external light into Bob's signal port. By selecting proper properties of the external light, Eve actively controls the induced displacement value from the inserted light which results saturation of homodyne detection. In consequence, Eve can bias the excess noise due to the intercept-resend attack and the external light, such that Alice and Bob believe their excess noise estimation is below the null key threshold and they can still share a secret key. Our attack shows that the detector loopholes also exist in CV QKD, and it seems influence all the CV QKD systems using homodyne detection, since all the practical detectors have finite detection range.

  9. Uncanny Indexes: Rotoshopped Interviews as Documentary

    OpenAIRE

    Honess Roe, A

    2012-01-01

    This article considers the several animated interviews made by Bob Sabiston between 1997 and 2007, and the implications of considering these films as documentaries. The author argues that the films are liminal, discursive texts that negotiate tensions between reality and make-believe, observation and interpretation, and presence and absence. Textual analysis of the short films in question demonstrates an aesthetic presentation that confirms their documentary status at the same time as exploit...

  10. Motion Sickness: Quantitative, algorithmic Malaise Indication in Real Time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    distribution unlimited • A Preface This thesis research was a team effort with Capts Drylie and Gaudreault . The first two chapters are nearly...indispensible. Mr. Bob Durham, Capt Clifford and Mr. Jim Ater provided vital support. My colleagues, Capts Drylie and Gaudreault , really made it...of the subject’s numerical score. More detailed J descriptions are available in the previous theses and in Gaudreault (6:14-21). Following are the

  11. Balance deficits and ADHD symptoms in medication-naïve school-aged boys

    OpenAIRE

    Konicarova J; Bob P; Raboch J

    2014-01-01

    Jana Konicarova,1 Petr Bob,1,2 Jiri Raboch11Center for Neuropsychiatric Research of Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry and UHSL, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic; 2Central European Institute of Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech RepublicBackground and objectives: Functional disturbances developed early in life include balance deficits which are linked to dysfunctions of higher levels of cognitive and motor integration. A...

  12. Securing Public Safety Vehicles: Reducing Vulnerabilities by Leveraging Smart Technology and Design Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration PSRC Public Sector Reporting Center RFID radio-frequency identification SDDCTEA Surface Deployment...smart cards , PINs or biometric, and password. Field Programming Gate Array (FPGA) technology is implemented to ensure authorized changes can occur...Smartphone-to-Vehicle Communication Over Bluetooth,” Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE 5, no. 3 (2005). 40 Bob Violino, “What is RFID ?” RFID Journal (January

  13. On superdense coding with noisy channels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shadman, Zahra; Kampermann, Hermann; Bruss, Dagmar [Heinrich-Heine-Universitaet, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik III, Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2009-07-01

    We study the capacity of a superdense coding protocol in the case of a noisy channel. We consider the case where the channel acts on Alice's side, and the one where it acts both on Alice's and Bob's side. In the latter case, the noise can be correlated or uncorrelated. We study various noise models and various bipartite input states, and derive the optimal capacity.

  14. 与时俱进 不断发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bob; Bradley[英

    2005-01-01

    在Luscher AG公司收购ZED公司成立Luscher Flexo公司15个月后,欧美印刷行业著名记者Bob Bradley先生对Luscher AG公司的高级副总Lars Janneryd先生和Luscher Flexo公司的执行董事Bruce Knox先生就收购事宜进行了采访。

  15. Sacrificing Steve: How I Killed the Crocodile Hunter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Carman

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Bob Hodge and Vijay Mishra argue that the complex issues of illegitimacy at the core of Australian identity are repressed through a continual process of cyclical silencing, where traces of a shameful past are exorcised by a focus on images of a mythologised ‘legend’, embodied in characters such as 'The Man from Snowy River'. This article explores such a 'schizophrenic' cycle in relation to the life, death and resurrection of Steve 'Crocodile Hunter' Irwin.

  16. Environmental Assessment for Mill Creek Restoration Project, Eglin Air Force Base, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-28

    Persons Contacted Mr. Chris Metcalf , U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Mr Bob Miller, 96 CEG/CEVSN, Endangered Species Biologist Mr Mike Nunley, 96 CEG...currents into the center of the channel, and preventing back eddy erosion. In addition, these structures provide excellent fish habitat, maintain...bank protection and limit any back eddy erosion. 05/06 Biological Assessment Page A-13 for Mill Creek Restoration Project Eglin Air Force Base

  17. 美杜莎的情人:卢·里德

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟滨

    2010-01-01

    如果将音乐人与文学家作一类比.深沉的LouReed(卢·里德)之于豪放的Bob Dylant(鲍勃·迪伦).大概相当于阴郁的Edgar Allan Poe(爱伦·坡)之于激情的Walt Whitman(沃尔特·惠特曼)。

  18. Soviet News and Propaganda Highlights from RED STAR (The Official Newspaper of the Soviet Defense Establishment) for the Period 1-31 March 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    man’s slaughter of the American Indians and slavery of the blacks." This feature story emphasized that the murder of Martin Luther King and (Bob) Kennedy...were acts of political terror." It also underscored that "many blacks have been victims of racist terrorist acts. Over 20 black children have been...countries to support U.S. policies. U.S. sells arms to dictatorships and racist regimes." Foreign Military Assistance and Mutual Security Soviet

  19. 阅读理解四则(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    (A)At the Barber’s Shop(理发店)Jack went to a barber’s shop and had his hair cut, but when he came out, he was not happy with the result (结果). When his friend Bob saw him, he laughed and said,"What has happened to your hair,Jack?" Jack said, "I tried a new

  20. Using Parallel Processing for Problem Solving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    his support, keen interest, and hyperopic view of the computer field. Jerry Barber, Randy Davis, Roger Duffey, Ken Forbus, David Levitt, and Luc...Harold Goldberger, Ken Kahn, Bob Kems, Henry Lieberman, Marvin Minsky, Vaughn Pratt, Maria Simi, Barbara Steele, Richard Stallman, and Sten-Ake Tamlund...Reference Manual, School of Artificial Intelligence, University of Edinburgh, TPU Report no. 1, May 1973. [251 Wilber , Michael B., A QLISP Reference