WorldWideScience

Sample records for boating

  1. New Russian Combat Small Boats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr F. Mitrofanov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an overview of small combat boats. The author provides a description and gives an analysis of the characteristics of the boat "Raptor", boat "BK-16", boat "Strizh-4-1 DSh", and assault boat "BK-10".

  2. Powering light boats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Affolter, J.-F.

    1999-07-01

    This short paper reports on a workshop held in Horw, Switzerland, on the application potential of low-temperature fuel cells. It looks at the increasing interest in small, electrically-driven boats in Europe and, in particular, at the option of powering them with fuel cells. A prototype implementation of a test boat is described. Powered by a 300-watt portable PEFC fuel cell constructed by the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) and the University of Applied Science in Solothurn, Switzerland, the boat is part of a project to study the technical feasibility of such drive systems for leisure craft and small boats. The paper addresses hydrogen security questions, energy-efficient drives and controllers, maintenance questions and discusses if a combination of fuel cells and photovoltaics would be viable. Also, the design of the boat's hull and the propellers that are used are looked at critically. The economic viability of fuel-cell powered boats is examined. The authors state that they are convinced that such fuel cell drives could be commercially interesting for larger passenger boats, too.

  3. Recreational Boating Statistics 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Every year, the USCG compiles statistics on reported recreational boating accidents. These statistics are derived from accident reports that are filed by the owners...

  4. Recreational Boating Statistics 2013

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Every year, the USCG compiles statistics on reported recreational boating accidents. These statistics are derived from accident reports that are filed by the owners...

  5. In the Same Boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    VALERIE; SARTOR

    2008-01-01

    Unlike the National Day or Spring Festival holidays that create massive logistical travel and traffic problems,the Dragon Boat Festival,falling on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese lunar calendar or June 8 this year

  6. Dragon Boat Festival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lew, Gordon

    This is one of a series of elementary readers written in Cantonese and English and designed to familiarize children with the traditional major Chinese festivals celebrated by the Chinese in America. This booklet describes the celebration of the Dragon Boat Festival, which marks the beginning of summer. A brief background to the festival is…

  7. Boats Floating Villas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>As China’s economy develops, motor hotels are being replaced gradually by boats, never becoming luxuries to many people as before.Imaging what you will feel when you are admired by the people standing to see you driving a motorboat along the lakeside and seaside, leaving white waves.

  8. Eleven cities Solar boat challenge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verdult, E.

    2012-01-01

    TU Delft students are participating for the fourth time in the world championship solar boat race in Friesland, which begins on 8 July. Expectations are high because the TU Delft students were world champions in 2006 and 2008. In 2010, the solar boat was equipped with hydrofoils for the first time.

  9. Row, Row, Row Your Boat...

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PHILIP JONES

    2010-01-01

    @@ My afternoon plans to go dragon boat racing on Houhai Lake in downtown Beijing could have started better. Cycling across town, a pedal snapped off my bicycle as I was aggressively building up speed across a Second Ring Road junction.

  10. By boat to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Hello, my name is Jordan Juras. I will be here at CERN for a 2-month period spanning mid-June through mid-August working as Student Journalist for The Bulletin. This is a conventional position, but the manner with which I arrived at CERN is quite the opposite. Sitting at work one May 12th morning, I came across a Bulletin article (No. 20-21/2009) while perusing the LHC website. It was advertising ‘Fisica in Barca in Europe 2009’. They were looking for physicists living along the Mediterranean coast between Lisbon and Genoa to help out with the programme. Though I do not hold the title of physicist, nor do I live in Europe (in fact I live just outside of Harrow, Ontario, Canada), I felt compelled to write an email, expressing my love for physics and my interest in helping out with the programme. To my surprise, my help on board was welcome, and I managed to find some discount airfare and I set out for the South of Italy to meet the boat in Bari. Between Bari and Tries...

  11. Alternative Design of Boat Fenders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Banke, Lars

    1996-01-01

    On offshore platforms the purpose of fenders is to protect the oil-risers against minor accidental collisions with supply vessels. Normally, the fender is designed by use of thin-walled tubes. However, the tube itself is not capable of resisting the impact load of the boat. Therefore, alternative...

  12. 78 FR 53156 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council; Teleconference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-28

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council; Teleconference AGENCY: Fish... Wildlife Service (Service), announce a public teleconference of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership.... App., we announce that Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council will hold a...

  13. Cardboard Boat Building in Math Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omundsen, John

    2014-01-01

    If you want to get the attention of a group of eighth grade math students, tell them they are going to build a life-size cardboard boat. To increase interest, follow up this statement by telling them that two to four of them will actually be rowing this boat across a small pond. Eighth grade math students at Oasis Charter Middle School in…

  14. Swiss fuel cell passenger and pleasure boats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Affolter, J.-F.

    2000-07-01

    This paper published by the University of Applied Science in Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland, looks at the development of electrically driven small boats that are powered by fuel cells. The various implementations of the test boats are described. Starting with a 100-watt PEM fuel cell built by the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) and the University of Applied Science in Solothurn, Switzerland, for educational purposes, a small pedal-boat was electrified. The paper describes the development of four further prototypes and introduces a new project for a 6-passenger leisure boat powered by a 2 kW PEFC fuel cell. Apart from the fuel cells, various other components such as propellers and control electronics are discussed as are the remaining problems still to be solved before the cells and boats can be marketed. Since they were carried out at a technical university, these projects are said to have provided an excellent way of teaching new technologies to students.

  15. 50 CFR 86.13 - What is boating infrastructure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM BOATING INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT (BIG) PROGRAM General Information About the Grant Program § 86.13 What is boating infrastructure? Boating... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What is boating infrastructure?...

  16. Small-boat Cetacean Surveys Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The database contains multiple spreadsheets that hold data collected during each small-boat survey project conducted by the PIFSC CRP. This includes a summary of the...

  17. Marianas Boat Fishing Cost Earnings Study 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data represent a cost-earnings study of the boat based fishing in the Mariana Archipelago fielded in 2011. Data collected include fisher classification, vessel...

  18. Guam Boat-based Creel Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Similar to other boat-based survey in basic design, this system is run by the Div. of Aquatic and Wildlife Resources (DAWR) and has been in operation since about...

  19. Improvement and Validation of the BOAT Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yingchun Liu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is improving the BOAT classification algorithm and applying it in credit card big data analysis. Decision tree algorithm is a data analysis method for the classification which can be used to describe the extract important data class models or predict future data trends. The BOAT algorithm can reduce the data during reading and writing the operations, the improved algorithms in large data sets under the operating efficiency, and in line with the popular big data analysis. Through this paper, BOAT algorithm can further improve the performance of the algorithm and the distributed data sources under the performance. In this paper, large banking sectors of credit card data as the being tested data sets. The improved algorithm, the original BOAT algorithms, and the performance of other classical classification algorithms will be compared and analyzed.

  20. 78 FR 30723 - National Safe Boating Week, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ... season. Safe boating starts onshore. Americans planning to spend a day on the water should prepare by... many lives every year, individuals should never operate a boat under the influence of drugs or...

  1. Tour Group Cruises the Three Gorges in Luxury Boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    BOARDING "Sheena," a luxury boat owned by the Sino-American Deluxe Boat Company, I began a five-day tour to Sanxia (Three Gorges of the Changjiang River) with ten other European and American tourists.

  2. Traditional boat-building and navigational techniques of southern Orissa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.

    of the region. No written records on ancient boatbuilding and navigational aids of the region are available for the reconstruction of the technique of boat-building. Boats of this area have been classified into two categories, namely planked and log boats...

  3. 21 CFR 1240.95 - Sanitation of water boats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanitation of water boats. 1240.95 Section 1240.95... DISEASES Source and Use of Potable Water § 1240.95 Sanitation of water boats. No vessel engaged in interstate traffic shall obtain water for drinking and culinary purposes from any water boat unless the...

  4. 75 FR 22423 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-28

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife... public meeting of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council). DATES: The meeting will be... announce that the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council will hold a meeting. Background The...

  5. 78 FR 4161 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-18

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife... (Service), announce a public teleconference of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council.... App., we announce that Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council will hold a...

  6. 76 FR 7579 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-10

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife... public meeting of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council). DATES: The meeting will be... Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App., we announce that the Sport Fishing and Boating...

  7. 75 FR 47624 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife... public meeting of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council). DATES: The meeting will be.... App., we announce that the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council will hold a meeting...

  8. 76 FR 1628 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife...), announce a public teleconference of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council). DATE(S... private sectors of the sport fishing, boating, and conservation communities and is organized to...

  9. 78 FR 33856 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-05

    ...; FF09X60000-FVWF97920900000-XXX] Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife... (Service), announce a public teleconference of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council... Act, 5 U.S.C. App., we announce that Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council will hold...

  10. 77 FR 61626 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-10

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife...), announce a public meeting of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council). A Federal.... App., we announce that the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council will hold a...

  11. 77 FR 26784 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife... (Service), announce a public teleconference of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council.... App., we announce that Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council will hold a...

  12. Recreational Boating Accidents and the Contribution of Boating Under the Influence

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This report includes statistical information for the fifty states, five U.S. territories, and the District of Columbia on recreational boating accident data and the...

  13. Delta Lloyd solar boat team; sailing 30km/h with a solar-powered boat, using hydrofoils

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tra, M.

    2013-01-01

    Every two years since 2006, the Delta Lloyd Solar Boat Team builds a boat to participate in the World Cup for solar-powered boats, across the ‘Elfsteden-route’, the famous tour of the eleven cities in the Dutch province of Friesland. The upcoming year the team, consisting of a new group of students,

  14. Dragon Boat Festival (Dyun Ngh Jit).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Julia; Quan, Ella Y.

    This bilingual-bicultural reader in Cantonese and English is intended for elementary school children in a bilingual education setting. Pen-and-ink drawings illustrate the story of the traditional dragon boat festival. Each page of the text is written in Chinese characters, Romanized form, and in English. (NCR)

  15. Archetypal Analysis of The Open Boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱娟

    2013-01-01

      The Open Boat is written by Stephen Crane according to his own experience of encountering a shipwreck. This short nov⁃el is not only a legend, but also a complex of the author’s thinking of life and human and a fable of men’s lives. It is full of symbols and metaphors. To interpret the meaning of this novel, this paper is engaged to have an archetypal analysis of this short story.

  16. Guam's Small-Boat-based Fisheries

    OpenAIRE

    Myers, Robert F.

    1993-01-01

    Recent trends in Guam's small-boat fisheries and current knowledge of their biology, management, and economics are summarized. Annual estimates of participation, effort, and harvest are given for the pelagic and bottomfish fisheries for 1980-91 and for the spearfishing and atulai fisheries for 1985. The pelagic fishery is the largest, with annual landings ranging from 168 to 364 metric tons (t), followed by the bottomfish fishery (14-43 t), spearfishingf ishery (517 t), and bigeye scad fisher...

  17. Radio-controlled boat for measuring water velocities and bathymetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidmar, Andrej; Bezak, Nejc; Sečnik, Matej

    2016-04-01

    Radio-controlled boat named "Hi3" was designed and developed in order to facilitate water velocity and bathymetry measurements. The boat is equipped with the SonTek RiverSurveyor M9 instrument that is designed for measuring open channel hydraulics (discharge and bathymetry). Usually channel cross sections measurements are performed either from a bridge or from a vessel. However, these approaches have some limitations such as performing bathymetry measurements close to the hydropower plant turbine or downstream from a hydropower plant gate where bathymetry changes are often the most extreme. Therefore, the radio-controlled boat was designed, built and tested in order overcome these limitations. The boat is made from a surf board and two additional small balance support floats. Additional floats are used to improve stability in fast flowing and turbulent parts of rivers. The boat is powered by two electric motors, steering is achieved with changing the power applied to left and right motor. Furthermore, remotely controlled boat "Hi3" can be powered in two ways, either by a gasoline electric generator or by lithium batteries. Lithium batteries are lighter, quieter, but they operation time is shorter compared to an electrical generator. With the radio-controlled boat "Hi3" we can perform measurements in potentially dangerous areas such as under the lock gates at hydroelectric power plant or near the turbine outflow. Until today, the boat "Hi3" has driven more than 200 km in lakes and rivers, performing various water speed and bathymetry measurements. Moreover, in future development the boat "Hi3" will be upgraded in order to be able to perform measurements automatically. The future plans are to develop and implement the autopilot. With this approach the user will define the route that has to be driven by the boat and the boat will drive the pre-defined route automatically. This will be possible because of the very accurate differential GPS from the Sontek River

  18. A study of traditional boats of Goa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Shaikh, Z.A.; Tripati, S.; Shinde, V.

    and species and sell in market. This shows the division of labour among the ‘kharvi’ community. ‘Ramponkars’ also maintain a book in which apart from profit and loss they also record who were participated in the catch. Further, 10% of the profit is kept...., and Kentley, E., 1985. Sewn-Plank Boats. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. McGrail, S. 1996. Towards a Classification of Water Transport, In Marine Archaeology the Global Perspectives (G. Kuppuram and K. Kumudamani, Eds.), pp. 187-204. New Delhi...

  19. 78 FR 18617 - Recreational Boating Safety Projects, Programs and Activities Funded Under Provisions of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... National Recreational Boating Safety Program Strategic Plan. ($23,367). Boating Accident News Clipping... Program: Funding was allocated for this program, which provides full marketing, media, public...

  20. Louisiana Marinas and Boat Launches, Geographic NAD83, LOSCO (2004) [marinas_LOSCO_2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    Louisiana Geographic Information Center — The dataset defines the location and supplemental information for marinas and boat launches in southern Louisiana. The boat launch database includes public and...

  1. Disentangling invasion processes in a dynamic shipping-boating network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacoursière-Roussel, Anaïs; Bock, Dan G; Cristescu, Melania E; Guichard, Frédéric; Girard, Philippe; Legendre, Pierre; McKindsey, Christopher W

    2012-09-01

    The relative importance of multiple vectors to the initial establishment, spread and population dynamics of invasive species remains poorly understood. This study used molecular methods to clarify the roles of commercial shipping and recreational boating in the invasion by the cosmopolitan tunicate, Botryllus schlosseri. We evaluated (i) single vs. multiple introduction scenarios, (ii) the relative importance of shipping and boating to primary introductions, (iii) the interaction between these vectors for spread (i.e. the presence of a shipping-boating network) and (iv) the role of boating in determining population similarity. Tunicates were sampled from 26 populations along the Nova Scotia, Canada, coast that were exposed to either shipping (i.e. ports) or boating (i.e. marinas) activities. A total of 874 individuals (c. 30 per population) from five ports and 21 marinas was collected and analysed using both mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene (COI) and 10 nuclear microsatellite markers. The geographical location of multiple hotspot populations indicates that multiple invasions have occurred in Nova Scotia. A loss of genetic diversity from port to marina populations suggests a stronger influence of ships than recreational boats on primary coastal introductions. Population genetic similarity analysis reveals a dependence of marina populations on those that had been previously established in ports. Empirical data on marina connectivity because of boating better explains patterns in population similarities than does natural spread. We conclude that frequent primary introductions arise by ships and that secondary spread occurs gradually thereafter around individual ports, facilitated by recreational boating.

  2. 77 FR 31147 - National Safe Boating Week, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... waterways. By planning ahead and taking basic safety precautions, boat operators and passengers can help... organizations and governments across our country to prevent loss of life, personal harm, and property damage... recognition of the importance of safe boating practices, the Congress, by joint resolution approved June...

  3. 77 FR 33229 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-05

    ... Office of the Secretary Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter AGENCY: Office of the... ] consultation with the General Services Administration, the Secretary of the Interior has renewed the Sport... or programs to increase public awareness and support for the Sport Fish Restoration and Boating...

  4. 76 FR 75898 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-05

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife... (Service), announce a public teleconference of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council.... The Council represents the interests of the public and private sectors of the sport fishing,...

  5. 77 FR 29359 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife...), announce a public meeting of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council). A Federal... the requirements of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App., we announce that the...

  6. 76 FR 47606 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife... public meeting of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council). DATES: The meeting will be... of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App., we announce that the Sport Fishing and...

  7. 78 FR 23587 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-19

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife...), announce a public meeting of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council). A Federal... requirements of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App., we announce that the Sport Fishing...

  8. 76 FR 81959 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife... public meeting of the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council). DATES: The meeting will be... with the requirements of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App., we announce that the...

  9. Interaction between Brash Ice and Boat Propulsion Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-01

    seal it from water intrusion to the boat. The propulsion propeller was mounted mid-way between the end of the cut in the bottom of the boat and the...is grown from saltwater using a methodology developed at CRREL by Hirayama (1983) for urea-doped water. The ice is grown in the test basin on the

  10. Automatic Boat Identification System for VIIRS Low Light Imaging Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher D. Elvidge

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The ability for satellite sensors to detect lit fishing boats has been known since the 1970s. However, the use of the observations has been limited by the lack of an automatic algorithm for reporting the location and brightness of offshore lighting features arising from boats. An examination of lit fishing boat features in Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS day/night band (DNB data indicates that the features are essentially spikes. We have developed a set of algorithms for automatic detection of spikes and characterization of the sharpness of spike features. A spike detection algorithm generates a list of candidate boat detections. A second algorithm measures the height of the spikes for the discard of ionospheric energetic particle detections and to rate boat detections as either strong or weak. A sharpness index is used to label boat detections that appear blurry due to the scattering of light by clouds. The candidate spikes are then filtered to remove features on land and gas flares. A validation study conducted using analyst selected boat detections found the automatic algorithm detected 99.3% of the reference pixel set. VIIRS boat detection data can provide fishery agencies with up-to-date information of fishing boat activity and changes in this activity in response to new regulations and enforcement regimes. The data can provide indications of illegal fishing activity in restricted areas and incursions across Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ boundaries. VIIRS boat detections occur widely offshore from East and Southeast Asia, South America and several other regions.

  11. Flight of the loon : solar-powered boating

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2006-04-01

    Details of the first solar-powered, zero-emission boat to venture across the Trent-Severn waterway were presented. Called the 'Loon', the boat is now being manufactured for environmentally-conscious boaters around the world. The seating arrangement, pontoon design, and propulsion system were all designed to minimize impacts on the ecosystem. A prototype boat was built and tested in the summer of 2005 to determine the viability of the solar-powered boat, and a family trip down the waterway was completed in August. Results of the trip encouraged the inventor to raise capital and a suitable production facility. After several months of development, the first production boat was completed with many improvements to the original prototype. An entrepreneur from Belize was the first person to place an order after he discovered that most commercially-available solar-powered boats were higher-priced and less capable than the Loon. High gas prices and the detrimental effects of fuel exhaust in lakes have caused many people to become sensitive to the issues surrounding fuel use and pleasure boats. It was concluded that a storefront has recently been opened north of Orillia in order to sell the solar-powered craft. 3 figs.

  12. The Boat Girl in the Photo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    The Little Boat Girl THIS picture was taken at dusk, onestormy day, half a century ago. On April 21, 1949, one million soldiersof the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, alongmore than 500-kilometers of riverbank, quicklybroke through the "thousand-Li line of defence,"which had been painstakingly built up by theKuomintang, and forced the Changjiang River. At dusk on April 22, boatmen from Yangzhong,an island in the Changjiang River, hurried to thebank to row the follow-up units across. Despitearduous weather, the boatmen’s skill in fightingagainst wind and waves was considerable and, inthe soft lights of sunset, the rows of old woodenboats appeared to be flying on the ChangjiangRiver. A most impressive scene. Among the officers waiting on the riverbank tobe ferried across was one tall soldier, deeplyabsorbed in the sight of a young girl, not far away,

  13. Patrol Vessels «Condestable Zaragoza» Class, Patrol Boats V-class and Antisubmarine Boats LAS-class

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentin Ruesga Herreros

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available It’s consider information about the number of ships of the Spanish fleet, that not reflected in the available literature. It’s proved that the Spanish patrol vessels of «Condestable Zaragoza»-class and French auxiliary minesweepers «Fanfaron»-classare one the same ships. The conclusion is made based on comparisons of appearance and performance of ships. There was renovated list of patrol boats V-class, shows that their history can be divided into three main stages: the first, when the boats belonged to the Secretariat militarized protection, information about boats are extremely sketchy and incomplete, the second – their inclusion in the fleet, when the information about the service enough full, but almost previous history is not reflected, and only the third stage, when the change came a new generation of boats old boats, often with the same numbers, the story is full enough. An attempt to reconstruction of the biography of LAS-class boats, it is assumed that this former Soviet boat, put the Republicans during the Civil War.

  14. Hawaii Small Boat Cost-Earnings Data: 2007-2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data represent a cost-earnings study of the Hawaii small boat fishery in 2007-2008. Data collected include fisher classification, vessel characteristics,...

  15. Hawaii Small Boat Cost-Earnings Data: 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data represent a cost-earnings study of the Hawaii small boat fishery in 2014. Data collected include fisher classification, vessel characteristics, levels of...

  16. Hawaii Small Boat Cost-Earnings Data: 1995-1996

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data represent a cost-earnings study of the Hawaii small boat fishery in 1995-1996. Data collected include fisher classification, vessel characteristics,...

  17. On Naturalism in Stephen Crane’s The Open Boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiu-hong; CHEN Bei-bei

    2014-01-01

    Stephen Crane is one of the greatest figures in the history of American literature and his novella The Open Boat is wide-ly known by people all over the world as a representative work of Naturalism. This paper aims at exploring Naturalism in Stephen Crane’s The Open Boat, which will guide the readers to understand American Naturalism accurately and thoroughly. It firstly in-troduces the author and his novel The Open Boat. Secondly, it progressively dissects Naturalism. It not only analyses the general characteristics of Naturalism with details in The Open Boat, but also interprets the distinguishing features of American Naturalism so that readers can better understand the features of American Naturalism. Through textual perusal, it further studies the unique characteristics of Stephen Crane’s Naturalism and lays particular emphasis on Crane’s special concern on the awakening of hu-manity. It is hoped that this thesis can help readers get an in-depth comprehension of Naturalism and gain some inspiration from The Open Boat.

  18. RESEARCH ON WAKE ENERGY RECOVERY TECHNOLOGIES FOR A FISHING BOAT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Cheng; QIAN Zheng-fang; DU Du; ZHANG Xu

    2005-01-01

    Wake energy recovery of a ship's propeller is an important research subject in ship propulsion field. Based on the study on the mechanism analysis and computation method of the hydrodynamic performance of the propeller-rudder-rudder bubble combination, computer simulation system was built and then used to design and simulate four kinds of rudder bubbles, then the model comparison tests with the original rudder was carried out and the sensible factors influencing the energy-saving effects of rudder bubble was also analyzed. On this basis, a further optimized design of the rudder bubble for a fishing boat was put forward, and comparison test on a real boat was then carried out. It is shown that the optimized rudder bubble design can effectively recover wake energy of ships and the rudder bubble installation features a simple operation and high cost-effectiveness, and the energy-saving effect of real boat test achieves 5.1%.

  19. Self-propulsion of a metallic superoleophobic micro-boat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musin, Albina; Grynyov, Roman; Frenkel, Mark; Bormashenko, Edward

    2016-10-01

    The self-propulsion of a heavy, superoleophobic, metallic micro-boat carrying a droplet of various aqueous alcohol solutions as a fuel tank is reported. The micro-boat is driven by the solutocapillary Marangoni flow. The jump in the surface tension owing to the condensation of alcohols on the water surface was established experimentally. Maximal velocities of the self-propulsion were registered as high as 0.05m/s. The maximal velocity of the center mass of the boat correlates with the maximal change in the surface tension, due to the condensation of alcohols. The mechanism of the self-locomotion is discussed. The phenomenological dynamic model describing the self-propulsion is reported.

  20. Summary on China boat import and export in 2005

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Huaixin

    2006-01-01

    @@ According to the latest statistics by the Customs, China exported inflatable recreation/ sports boats in 4 types (as the Customs codes 89039900, 89031000, 89039200& 89039100) increased in large numbers up to 137634 and totaled 63.4096 million US dollars, which increased 40.8% than 2004 and took 1.344% of the total ship export sum of 2005.Besides, it also imported 1162 various boats mounting to 18.108 million US dollars,this increased 80.5% than 2004 and took 3.69%of the total ship import value.

  1. 19 CFR 12.85 - Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety... Associated Equipment § 12.85 Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety standards. (a) Applicability of standards or regulations prescribed by the Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard. Boats and associated equipment...

  2. 7 CFR 58.317 - Bulk butter trucks, boats, texturizers, and packers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bulk butter trucks, boats, texturizers, and packers... and Grading Service 1 Equipment and Utensils § 58.317 Bulk butter trucks, boats, texturizers, and packers. Bulk butter trucks, boats, texturizers, and packers shall be constructed of aluminum,...

  3. 75 FR 17754 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Lift Boat GARY CHIASSON ELEVATOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Lift Boat GARY CHIASSON ELEVATOR AGENCY... Compliance was issued for the lift boat GARY CHIASSON ELEVATOR as required by 33 U.S.C. 1605(c) and 33 CFR 81... Regulations, Parts 81 and 89, has been issued for the lift boat GARY CHIASSON ELEVATOR. The Certificate...

  4. 76 FR 27284 - Special Local Regulation; Partnership in Education, Dragon Boat Race; Maumee River, Toledo, OH

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ..., Dragon Boat Race; Maumee River, Toledo, OH AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed... during the Dragon Boat Races which take place during the third or fourth weekend in July each year. This... from other vessel traffic. The Captain of the Port Detroit has determined dragon boat races in...

  5. 78 FR 24065 - Special Local Regulation; Tuscaloosa Dragon Boat Races; Black Warrior River; Tuscaloosa, AL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation; Tuscaloosa Dragon Boat Races... the Junior League of Tuscaloosa Dragon Boat Races. Entry into, transiting or anchoring in this area is... the Junior League of Tuscaloosa Dragon Boat Races. This event is advertised as scheduled...

  6. 77 FR 55436 - Special Local Regulation; Partnership in Education, Dragon Boat Race; Maumee River, Toledo, OH

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-10

    ..., Dragon Boat Race; Maumee River, Toledo, OH AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed... River during the annual Dragon Boat Races. This special local regulated area is necessary to protect... Regulation; Partnership in Education Dragon Boat Race, Maumee River Toledo, OH in the Federal...

  7. 77 FR 23125 - Special Local Regulation; Tuscaloosa Dragon Boat Race; Black Warrior River; Tuscaloosa, AL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation; Tuscaloosa Dragon Boat Race.... League of Tuscaloosa Dragon Boat Races. Entry into, transiting or anchoring in this area is prohibited to... associated with the Jr. League of Tuscaloosa Dragon Boat Races. This event is advertised as scheduled...

  8. 78 FR 57063 - Special Local Regulations; Jacksonville Dragon Boat Festival; St. Johns River; Jacksonville, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-17

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulations; Jacksonville Dragon Boat... Jacksonville, Florida during the Jacksonville Dragon Boat Festival, a series of paddle boat races. The event is... is to ensure safety of life on navigable waters of the United States during the Jacksonville...

  9. 19 CFR 148.32 - Vehicles, aircraft, boats, teams and saddle horses taken abroad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vehicles, aircraft, boats, teams and saddle horses... for Returning Residents § 148.32 Vehicles, aircraft, boats, teams and saddle horses taken abroad. (a) Admission free of duty. Automobiles and other vehicles, aircraft, boats, teams and saddle horses,...

  10. The Team Boat Exercise: Enhancing Team Communication Midsemester

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Pamela L.; Friedman, Barry A.

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the Team Boat Exercise, which was developed to provide students with a mechanism for addressing team problems and enhancing team communication midsemester. The inspiration for the exercise came from a video by Prentice Hall, Inc. (2001). Part III of the video, entitled "Corporate Coaching," shows senior staff members from the…

  11. 77 FR 17084 - National Boating Safety Advisory Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ... Safety Strategic Planning Subcommittee will meet on Friday, April 13, 2012 from 1:30 p.m. to 3:45 p.m... comment. Saturday, April 14, 2012 (1) Receipt and Discussion of the Strategic Planning, Boats & Associated... meetings may conclude early if NBSAC has completed all business. All written materials, comments,...

  12. 78 FR 42733 - Safety Zone; Cleveland Dragon Boat Festival and Head of the Cuyahoga, Cuyahoga River, Cleveland, OH

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-17

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Cleveland Dragon Boat Festival and Head of... during the Dragon Boat Festival and Head of the Cuyahoga boating events. The safety zone established by... (HOTC) rowing regatta has occurred annually for over a decade and the Dragon Boat Festival for the...

  13. 77 FR 15600 - Special Local Regulation; Emerald Coast Super Boat Grand Prix; Saint Andrew Bay; Panama City, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation; Emerald Coast Super Boat Grand... crews, vessels, and persons on navigable waters during the Emerald Coast Super Boat Grand Prix high... the Emerald Coast Super Boat Grand Prix high speed boat races. Basis and Purpose On January 31,...

  14. China's export of boats valued at over200million USD in2010%China's export of boats valued at over 200 million USD in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Shouchun

    2011-01-01

    @@ In 2010, China's economy saw a relatively good recovery.The economic operation of the shipbuilding industry was better than expected and the import and export trade of ships developed at high speeds.According to the statistics of China's custom house, thetotal value of the import and export of boats was 295 million USD, up 40.75% from a year ago; the total quantity in import and export trade was 2057200 boats, up 15.26% in quantity from a year ago. Last year, the value of China's export of boats was 204 million USD, up 19.64%;2028700 boats were exported, up 14.79% in the quantity of boats from a year ago.The ratio of the export of boats to the export of ships in 2010 was 1%; the increase rate of boat export was much lower than that of ship export, which was 42.7%.In the first half of 2010, the export trade of boats showed a highspeed increase with monthly average export value of 14.655 million USD while in August and September, export decreased at a significant rate with the lowest value of 9.7324 million USD in September.

  15. Impact of boat-generated waves on intertidal estuarine sediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanpain, O.; Deloffre, J.; Lafite, R.; Gomit, G.; Calluaud, D.; David, L.

    2010-12-01

    Hydrodynamics in the macrotidal Seine estuary (France) are controlled by the semi-diurnal tidal regime modulated seasonally by the fluvial discharge. Wind effect on sediment transport (through wind waves and swell) is observed at the mouth of the estuary. Over the last century, authorities have put emphasis on facilitating economic exchanges by means of embankment building and increased dredging activity. These developments led to allow and secure sea vessel traffic in the Seine estuary (from its mouth to the port of Rouen, 125 km upstream) but they also resulted in a change of estuarine hydrodynamics and sediment transport features. A riversides restoration policy has been recently started by port authorities. In this context, the objective of the field-based study presented is to connect vessel characteristics (i.e. speed, draft...), boat-generated waves and their sedimentary impacts. Such information will be used by stakeholders to manage riverside. The natural intertidal site of interest is located in the fluvial freshwater part of the Seine estuary characterized by a 4.5 m maximum tidal range. The foreshore slope is gently decreasing and surface sediments are composed of fine to coarse sand with occasional mud drapes. In order to decipher boat-generated events, the sampling strategy is based on continuous ADV measurements coupled with a turbidimeter and an altimeter to study sediment dynamics. These instruments are settled in the lower part of the foreshore (i) to obtain a significant dataset (i.e. oceanic instruments are not measuring in air) on a zone statically affected by boat waves and (ii) because most of boat traffic occurs during early flood or late ebb period. Spatial variations are assessed along a cross-section through grain-size analysis of surface sediments and topography measurements using pole technique. Results enhance hydrodynamic and sedimentary impacts of boat-generated waves compared respectively to tidal and wind effects. Long

  16. Solar Photovoltaic Powered Sailing Boat Using Buck Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soumya Das

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to establish technical and economical aspects of the application of stand-alone photovoltaic (PV system in sailing boat using a buck converter in order to enhance the power generation and also to minimize the cost. Performance and control of dc-dc converter, suitable for photovoltaic (PV applications, is presented here. A buck converter is employed here which extracts complete power from the PV source and feeds into the dc load. The power, which is fed into the load, is sufficient to drive a boat . With the help of matlab simulink software PV module and buck model has been designed and simulated and also compared with theoretical predictions.

  17. [Recreational boating accidents--Part 1: Catamnestic study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lignitz, Eberhard; Lustig, Martina; Scheibe, Ernst

    2014-01-01

    Deaths on the water are common in the autopsy material of medicolegal institutes situated on the coast or big rivers and lakes (illustrated by the example of the Institute of Legal Medicine of Greifswald University). They mostly occur during recreational boating activities. Apart from hydro-meteorological influences, human error is the main cause of accidents. Often it is not sufficiently kept in mind whether the boat crew is fit for sailing and proper seamanship is ensured. Drowning (following initial hypothermia) is the most frequent cause of death. Medicolegal aspects are not decisive for ordering a forensic autopsy. As statistics are not compiled in a uniform way, a comparison of the data of different institutions engaged in investigating deaths at sea and during water sports activities is hardly possible, neither on a national nor an international basis--and the reconstruction of aquatic accidents is generally difficult. Fatal accidents can only be prevented by completely clarifying their causes.

  18. Deployment of Lightweight Shock Mitigating Boat Manufacturing Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    VARTM Hull 1267 760 Deck 702 399 Console 540 350 Total 2509 1509 % Current 100% 60% % Savings - 40% Deployment of Lightweight Shock Mitigating...1430 47 Weight Evaluation- Baseline Boat Weights (lb) Segment Baseline 850 A 850 B 850 B-OM Fabrication Method Open Mold Open Mold VARTM Open...Segment Baseline 850 A 850 B 850 B-OM Fabrication Method Open Mold Open Mold VARTM Open Mold Hull 1115 843 717 789 Deck 665 587 481 529

  19. U-Boat Worx出租私人用潜艇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    荷兰潜艇制造商U—Boat Worx(UBW)现推出两款潜艇对外出租,使个人和科学家们能够深入探索神秘的海底世界。客户可自行探索或专门欣赏海底世界的美景与水生物。

  20. Investigation of longitudinal control system for a small hydrofoil boat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, W. H.; Shaughnessy, J. D.

    1976-01-01

    An analysis of a hydromechanical system for longitudinal control of a small hydrofoil boat is presented. The system incorporates height and acceleration sensors operating flaps on the foils through a mechanical linkage. Effects of some of the system parameters on the stability and response to waves are shown. The results indicate that the system is capable of providing adequate stability, but the response to stern waves at low frequencies is larger than desired.

  1. The behavioural response of Australian fur seals to motor boat noise.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joy S Tripovich

    Full Text Available Australian fur seals breed on thirteen islands located in the Bass Strait, Australia. Land access to these islands is restricted, minimising human presence but boat access is still permissible with limitations on approach distances. Thirty-two controlled noise exposure experiments were conducted on breeding Australian fur seals to determine their behavioural response to controlled in-air motor boat noise on Kanowna Island (39°10'S, 146°18'E. Our results show there were significant differences in the seals' behaviour at low (64-70 dB versus high (75-85 dB sound levels, with seals orientating themselves towards or physically moving away from the louder boat noise at three different sound levels. Furthermore, seals responded more aggressively with one another and were more alert when they heard louder boat noise. Australian fur seals demonstrated plasticity in their vocal responses to boat noise with calls being significantly different between the various sound intensities and barks tending to get faster as the boat noise got louder. These results suggest that Australian fur seals on Kanowna Island show behavioural disturbance to high level boat noise. Consequently, it is recommended that an appropriate level of received boat sound emissions at breeding fur seal colonies be below 74 dB and that these findings be taken into account when evaluating appropriate approach distances and speed limits for boats.

  2. The Behavioural Response of Australian Fur Seals to Motor Boat Noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripovich, Joy S.; Hall-Aspland, Sophie; Charrier, Isabelle; Arnould, John P. Y.

    2012-01-01

    Australian fur seals breed on thirteen islands located in the Bass Strait, Australia. Land access to these islands is restricted, minimising human presence but boat access is still permissible with limitations on approach distances. Thirty-two controlled noise exposure experiments were conducted on breeding Australian fur seals to determine their behavioural response to controlled in-air motor boat noise on Kanowna Island (39°10′S, 146°18′E). Our results show there were significant differences in the seals' behaviour at low (64–70 dB) versus high (75–85 dB) sound levels, with seals orientating themselves towards or physically moving away from the louder boat noise at three different sound levels. Furthermore, seals responded more aggressively with one another and were more alert when they heard louder boat noise. Australian fur seals demonstrated plasticity in their vocal responses to boat noise with calls being significantly different between the various sound intensities and barks tending to get faster as the boat noise got louder. These results suggest that Australian fur seals on Kanowna Island show behavioural disturbance to high level boat noise. Consequently, it is recommended that an appropriate level of received boat sound emissions at breeding fur seal colonies be below 74 dB and that these findings be taken into account when evaluating appropriate approach distances and speed limits for boats. PMID:22623998

  3. Dating the Bibong-ri Neolithic site in Korea: Excavating the oldest ancient boat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Gyujun, E-mail: danielp@kigam.re.k [Geochemical Analysis Center, Geologic Environment Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jong-Chan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Youn, Minyoung; Yun, Chongcheol; Kang, Jin; Song, Yong-Mi; Song, Su-Jin; Noh, Hye-Jin [Electrostatic Accelerator Research Center, NCIRF, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Do-Kyun [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Im, Hack-Jong [Gimhae National Museum, Gimhae, Gyeongsangnam-do 621-060 (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-04-15

    The remains of an ancient wooden boat were unearthed at the Bibong-ri shell mound site. The site was located at Bibong-ri, Bugog-myeon, Changnyeong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do in South Korea. A substantial fragment of the vessel was discovered in the lowest layer of the site. We collected 17 samples of charcoal and wood from pebble, sand, and shell layers. Sample preparation extracted the carbon from each sample material and converted it into graphite for AMS radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon dates of the samples indicate that they belong to the Neolithic period and that the boat dates from ca. 5700 BC. To this point, the oldest known boat in the world has been a wooden boat dating from ca. 5500 BC in China. Other ancient boats from around the world include a logboat dating from ca. 3600 BC in Japan and a fleet of wooden boats dating from ca. 3000 BC in Egypt. The Bibong-ri boat is the first boat from the Neolithic period ever found in South Korea and must represent one of the world's oldest known boats.

  4. China Xiamen International Boat Show 2011——Making Yachting a new marine leisure fashion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The China (Xiamen) International Boat Show 2011 will be staged from November 4-7.Covering an area of 20,000 square meters with 300 berths,it will be China's largest boat show and an extravaganza for yacht manufacturers and enthusiasts.A series of other activities will be held alongside the boat show,such as a welcoming banquet,cruises,a seminar,a photography competition and a wedding upon one of the sailing vessels.The annual international boat show has become a unique attraction of southeast China's Xiamen City.

  5. Physiological and physical characteristics of elite dragon boat paddlers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Sarah R; Smith, Richard M; Chapman, Philip G; Sinclair, Peter J; Funato, Kazuo

    2013-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to profile the physiological and physical characteristics of elite dragon boat paddlers, to identify characteristics that predict race performance and to quantify the metabolic energy contributions to simulated 200-m and 500-m dragon boat racing. Eleven, national level, male, Japanese dragon boat paddlers completed a battery of tests on a paddling ergometer including an incremental maximal aerobic capacity test, a 2-minute maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD) test, and simulated 200-m and 500-m races. A physiological and physical profile of subjects was compiled. Results showed that 200-m race performance correlated with flexed arm girth and excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) measured in the 30 minutes after the MAOD test, whereas 500-m race performance correlated with body fat percentage, relaxed and flexed arm girth, MAOD, EPOC, and peak power during the MAOD test. Stepwise multiple regression revealed that flexed arm girth was the most powerful predictor of 200-m and 500-m race performance, followed by EPOC with the combination of these 2 factors able to explain 74% and 68% of the variance in 200-m and 500-m race performance, respectively. Aerobic energy contributions for 200-m (50 seconds) and 500-m (1 minute 50 seconds) races were (mean (95% confidence intervals)) 52.1% (range, 47.4-56.8%) and 67.5% (range, 60.1-77.8%), respectively. In conclusion, coaches should develop training programs targeted at developing upper-body musculature and increasing anaerobic capacity because these factors are the strongest predictors of 200-m and 500-m race performance. Given the substantial aerobic energy contributions even for a 200-m race event, coaches should aim to increase the maximal aerobic capacity of the paddler in preparation for both 200-m and 500-m events.

  6. On the Writing Style of The Open Boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静

    2012-01-01

      The Open Boat is one of the best realistic stories written by Stephen Crane, an early American naturalist and impressionist writer who dramatically presents the subtle relation between man and nature as well as that of man and society. His personal experience on the sea has an enormous impact on the story. This paper tries to carry out a detailed examination of the story in the light of writing style in order to explore his unique style and the beauty of the story.

  7. Compression fractures of the vertebrae during a "bumpy" boat ride.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Chukwunyerenwa, C K

    2012-01-31

    INTRODUCTION: Compression fracture of the vertebrae is common, often the result of falls from height and motor vehicle accidents in the younger age groups. It can occur following minor trauma in the elderly and in those with osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present an interesting case of compression fracture of the vertebral bodies occurring simultaneously in a couple during a boat ride while on holiday. One individual had fracture of the T8, while the other fractured the L1 vertebrae. Both injuries were treated conservatively with Taylor braces. CONCLUSION: We highlight one of the potential hazards of this recreational activity, and the almost identical fracture pattern in this couple.

  8. 75 FR 61508 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68) AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department of Homeland... concerning the Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (Form I- ] 68). This request for comment is being made... Form I-68. Abstract: The Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68) allows...

  9. 78 FR 73875 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68) AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department of Homeland... requirement concerning the Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (Form I-68). This request for comment is being... Form I-68. Abstract: The Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68) allows...

  10. 76 FR 7701 - Special Local Regulations; Krewe of Charleston Mardi Gras Boat Parade, Charleston Harbor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulations; Krewe of Charleston Mardi... Mardi Gras Boat Parade on the Ashley River and in Charleston Harbor in Charleston, South Carolina. This... Guard did not receive notice of the Krewe of Charleston Mardi Gras Boat Parade with sufficient time...

  11. 46 CFR 116.1120 - Drainage of cockpit vessels, well deck vessels, and open boats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Drainage of cockpit vessels, well deck vessels, and open boats. 116.1120 Section 116.1120 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL... Drainage of cockpit vessels, well deck vessels, and open boats. Drainage of cockpit vessels, well...

  12. 33 CFR 100.109 - Winter Harbor Lobster Boat Race, Winter Harbor, ME.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Winter Harbor Lobster Boat Race, Winter Harbor, ME. 100.109 Section 100.109 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Lobster Boat Race, Winter Harbor, ME. (a) Regulated area. The regulated area includes all waters of...

  13. 33 CFR 100.118 - Searsport Lobster Boat Races, Searsport Harbor, ME.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Searsport Lobster Boat Races, Searsport Harbor, ME. 100.118 Section 100.118 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Lobster Boat Races, Searsport Harbor, ME. (a) Regulated Area. The regulated area includes all waters...

  14. 33 CFR 100.909 - Chinatown Chamber of Commerce Dragon Boat Race; Chicago, IL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Chinatown Chamber of Commerce Dragon Boat Race; Chicago, IL. 100.909 Section 100.909 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... Chinatown Chamber of Commerce Dragon Boat Race; Chicago, IL. (a) Regulated Area. All waters of the...

  15. 33 CFR 100.1302 - Special Local Regulation, Annual Dragon Boat Races, Portland, Oregon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special Local Regulation, Annual Dragon Boat Races, Portland, Oregon. 100.1302 Section 100.1302 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... § 100.1302 Special Local Regulation, Annual Dragon Boat Races, Portland, Oregon. (a) Regulated area....

  16. 33 CFR 100.903 - Harborfest Dragon Boat Race; South Haven, MI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Harborfest Dragon Boat Race; South Haven, MI. 100.903 Section 100.903 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Dragon Boat Race; South Haven, MI. (a) Regulated Area. A regulated area is established to include...

  17. A traditional boats and navigational history of Odisha, East coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.

    -328. Greenhill, B. 1971. Boats and Boatmen of Pakistan, Newton Abbott: David and Charles. 14    Guy, J. 1999. A Boat Model and State Ritual in Eastern India, Bulletin de l'Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient 86: 105-126. Hill, A. H. 1958. Some early accounts...

  18. 76 FR 78151 - Special Local Regulations; Boca Raton Holiday Boat Parade, Intracoastal Waterway, Boca Raton, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulations; Boca Raton Holiday Boat Parade, Intracoastal Waterway, Boca Raton, FL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule... Waterway in Boca Raton, Florida during the Boca Raton Holiday Boat Parade on Saturday, December 17,...

  19. First steps towards conformationally selective artificial lectins: the chair-boat discrimination by molecularly imprinted polymers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Talancé, Vincent Lemau; Massinon, Olivier; Baati, Rachid; Wagner, Alain; Vincent, Stéphane P

    2012-11-07

    A series of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were prepared in the presence of a synthetic galactoside locked in a (1,4)B boat conformation. This study demonstrates that, depending on the polymerisation technique, an organic material can selectively bind a carbohydrate in a biologically relevant boat conformation.

  20. Has aid for AIDS raised all health funding boats?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiffman, Jeremy; Berlan, David; Hafner, Tamara

    2009-11-01

    Global health analysts have debated whether donor prioritization of HIV/AIDS control has lifted all boats, raising attention and funding levels for health issues aside from HIV/AIDS. We investigate this question, considering donor funding for 4 historically prominent health agendas-HIV/AIDS, health systems strengthening, population and reproductive health, and infectious disease control-over the decade 1998-2007. We employ funding data from the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, which tracks donor aid. The data indicate that HIV/AIDS may have helped to increase funding for the control of other infectious diseases; however, there is no firm evidence that other health issues beyond the control of infectious diseases have benefited. Between 1998 and 2007, funding for HIV/AIDS control rose from just 5.5% to nearly half of all aid for health. Over the same period, funding for health systems strengthening declined from 62.3% to 23.9% of total health aid and that for population and reproductive health declined from 26.4% to 12.3%. Also, even as total aid for health tripled during this decade, aid for health systems strengthening largely stagnated. Overall, the data indicate little support for the contention that donor funding for HIV/AIDS has lifted all boats.

  1. Quagga and zebra mussel risk via veliger transfer by overland hauled boats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larry B. Dalton

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Invasive quagga and zebra mussels (Dreissena rostriformis bugensis and Dreissena polymorpha, respectively pose a great threat to USwaters. Recreational boats constitute a significant risk for spreading the organisms. Recreational boats circulate large amounts of raw waterwhen in use, and if not drained and dried correctly can transport many mussel larvae, called veligers. Veligers experience very high mortality rates; however, the number of potentially transported veligers can be a serious risk to non-infested bodies of water, especially if multiple boats are involved. The risk of veliger transport was calculated for Lake Mead and Lake Michigan using boat capacities for water circulation and specific veliger density data. Results illustrate the importance of draining, drying, and/or decontaminating recreational boats after use.

  2. Design and realization a skiff racing boat hull made of natural fibers reinforced composite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collotta, M.; Solazzi, L.; Pandini, S.; Tomasoni, G.; Alberti, M.; Donzella, G.

    2016-05-01

    This paper discusses the development of a racing boat with an hull made of a composite material reinforced by natural fibers. In particular, we report here the design and realization of the boat hull, the assessment of its mechanical performance by means of a computer assisted simulation, and the cost analysis to assess the economic sustainability of the new composite developed. The results have shown that the new composite has a performance comparable with conventional glass fiber reinforced composites employed for the realization of this type of boat, accordingly to the technology employed and the lamination sequence adopted. Moreover, the FEM analysis performed over the skiff of the designed and constructed boat has demonstrated a successful choice of the material for real application, as it was later confirmed by the good performance of the boat in water. Finally, the cost analysis highlighted the economic sustainability of the new composite, allowing a cost saving of over 28% with respect to carbon fiber composites.

  3. 78 FR 25574 - Special Local Regulations; Third Annual Space Coast Super Boat Grand Prix, Atlantic Ocean; Cocoa...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... Super Boat Grand Prix, Atlantic Ocean; Cocoa Beach, FL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final... Ocean east of Cocoa Beach, Florida during the Space Coast Super Boat Grand Prix, a series of high-speed... Ocean east of Cocoa Beach, Florida. Approximately 30 high-speed power boats are anticipated...

  4. Evidence for Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Oviposition on Boats in the Peruvian Amazon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guagliardo, Sarah Anne; Morrison, Amy C; Luis Barboza, Jose; Wesson, Dawn M; Ponnusamy, Loganathan; Astete, Helvio; Vazquez-Prokopec, Gonzalo; Kitron, Uriel

    2015-07-01

    Dengue vector Aedes aegypti L. is invading peri-urban and rural areas throughout Latin America. Our previous research in the Peruvian Amazon has shown that river boats are heavily infested with immature and adult Ae. aegypti mosquitoes, likely playing a major role in their long-distance dispersal and successful invasion. However, the presence of immature mosquitoes provides no information about the timing of oviposition, and whether it took place in the boats. Here, we used baited ovitraps deployed on river boats to test the hypothesis that Ae. aegypti oviposition occurs during boat travel. We deployed 360 ovitraps on 60 different barges during August and October of 2013, and February 2014 (with 20 barges sampled during each month). We found that Ae. aegypti mosquitoes in 22 individual ovitraps from 15 of the 60 barges (premise index 25%) across all sampling dates. Further, the distribution of Ae. aegypti egg abundance was highly aggregated: 2.6% of traps (N=7) were responsible for 71.8% of eggs found, and 1.5% of traps (N=4) were responsible for all (100%) of the larvae found. Similarly, 5% of boats were responsible for the 71.47% of eggs. Our results provide strong evidence that Ae. aegypti oviposition commonly occurs during boat travel. Baited ovitraps could represent a cost-effective means of monitoring and controlling mosquito populations on boats.

  5. Effect of boat noise and angling on lake fish behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Lene; Baktoft, Henrik; Jepsen, Niels;

    2014-01-01

    The effects of disturbances from recreational activities on the swimming speed and habitat use of roach Rutilus rutilus, perch Perca fluviatilis and pike Esox lucius were explored. Disturbances were applied for 4h as (1) boating in short intervals with a small outboard internal combustion engine...... was significantly higher during disturbances [both (1) and (2)] with an immediate reaction shortly after the engine started. Perca fluviatilis displayed increased swimming activity during the first hour of disturbance but not during the following hours. Swimming activity of E. lucius was not significantly different...... between disturbance periods and the same periods on days without disturbance (control). Rutilus rutilus increased their use of the central part of the lake during disturbances, whereas no habitat change was observed in P. fluviatilis and E. lucius. No difference in fish response was detected between...

  6. Experimental Evaluation of the Hydrodynamic Response of Crew Boat Hulls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pecher, Arthur; Kofoed, Jens Peter

    This report presents the results of an experimental study on 3 different hulls of crew boats intended for service to offshore wind turbines. Their hydrodynamic behaviour has been tested in various sea states representing general wave conditions that could be expected at offshore wind farms. Two...... main setups were used during the tests, corresponding to the hulls being connected to an offshore windmill and being free floating. The following aspects were the main subjects of investigation: • The Response Amplitude Operators of the hulls in two different configurations and with waves coming from 3...... the supervision of Jens Peter Kofoed in the deep wave basin in the Hydraulics and Coastal Engineering laboratory at Aalborg University during spring 2012....

  7. Discussions on the possible origin of Europe's first boats - 11,500 BP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Fletcher

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Three decades ago Detlev Ellmers suggested that hide (skin boats were being used to hunt swimming reindeer in glacial lakes of northern Germany's Upper Palaeolithic. This paper presents new material in support of Ellmers' contention. A paleo-osteological study from Stellmoor suggests that arrows were directed at the neck and upper shoulders from above and behind, at close range which can be considered evidence of them being shot by hunters in boats as the animals were swimming. Lyngby axes are linked to this hunting technique which provides possible distribution and dating for this proposed early boat technology.

  8. A quantitative framework for estimating risk of collision between marine mammals and boats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Julien; Sabatier, Quentin; Gowan, Timothy A.; Giraud, Christophe; Gurarie, Eliezer; Calleson, Scott; Ortega-Ortiz, Joel G.; Deutsch, Charles J.; Rycyk, Athena; Koslovsky, Stacie M.

    2016-01-01

    Speed regulations of watercraft in protected areas are designed to reduce lethal collisions with wildlife but can have economic consequences. We present a quantitative framework for investigating the risk of deadly collisions between boats and wildlife.

  9. Life-threatening neurovascular injuries associated with recreational use of "banana" boats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, José E; Moscovici, Samuel; Rosenthal, Guy; Benifla, Mony; Itshayek, Eyal

    2012-09-01

    Banana boat rides are a popular form of recreation worldwide. Recommendations that speed should not exceed 15 mph, passengers should wear protective gear, and an observer should be present on the towing boat are generally ignored. Medical personnel at tourist venues and general practitioners may not be attuned to the risk of serious injury. We present our experience in the management carotid- and vertebral artery dissections sustained by 44- and 23-year-old males during banana boat rides. In both cases, the dissections were misdiagnosed until patients presented to the Emergency Department two days after injury. In the first patient, medical management failed and endovascular treatment was required due to neurological deterioration. In patient two, anticoagulation therapy prevented embolic sequelae. Boat operators, passengers, and the medical personnel who are first to see these patients should be aware of the risk of arterial dissection to facilitate early detection of these potentially life-threatening injuries.

  10. Development of Algorithms for Control of Motor Boat as Multidimensional Nonlinear Object

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaiduk Anatoliy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper authors develop and research system for motor boat control, that allows to move along the stated paths with the given speed. It is assumed, that boat is equipped by the measuring system that provides current coordinates, linear and angular velocities. Control system is based upon the mathematical model, presented earlier (see references. In order to analytically find the necessary controls, all equations were transformed to Jordan controllable form. Besides solution this transformation also allows to handle model nonlinearities and get required quality of movement along the stated paths. Control system includes algorithms for control of longtitudal velocity and boat course. Research of the proposed control system according to boat design limitations for the values of control variables was performed by simulation in MATLAB. Results of two experiments, different in value of the required velocity are discussed.

  11. The big crossing: illegal boat migrants in the Mediterranean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassar, Hassène; Dourgnon, Paul

    2014-08-01

    This article explores illegal migration routes and groups across North Africa to Europe. We describe sub-Saharan and cross-Mediterranean routes, and how they changed during the years. We propose an analytical framework for the main factors for these migrations, from local to international and regulatory context. We then describe sea-migrants' nationalities and socio-economic and demographic characteristics, from studies undertook in Tunisia and Morocco. While boat migration represents only a fraction of illegal migration to Europe, it raises humanitarian as well as ethical issues for European and North African (NA) countries, as a non-negligible amount of them end up in death tolls of shipwrecks in the Mediterranean Sea. Moreover, existing statistics show that illegal trans-Mediterranean migration is growing exponentially. Ongoing crises in Africa and the Middle East are likely to prompt even larger outflows of refugees in the near future. This should induce NA countries to share closer public policy concerns with European countries.

  12. New Intelligent Method of Forecasting Control for Fishing Boat Security in the Coastal Area of Fujian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei He

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available To ensure the fishing boat security in the coastal area of Fujian, it is imperative to develop efficient forecasting control system to manage the boats operation in a safe and orderly process. The core issue of establishing the forecasting control system is to predict the relationship of the real time traffic flow and the boat security condition. However, literature review shows that limited reports have addressed on this problem. Hence, a new intelligent forecasting control method base on the Chaos-Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO and Fuzzy Neural Network (FNN is proposed for the short time traffic flow prediction in this paper. The Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD was first used to denoise the original ship traffic flow observation and then the Chaos-PSO-FNN was applied to the forecasting of the ship traffic flow and hence established the relationship of the real time traffic flow and the boat security condition. The advantage of the proposed approach is that the Chaos-PSO is employed to optimize the FNN parameters to overcome the premature problem of the FNN. As a result, the forecasting control performance is enhanced greatly. In the experiment analysis, the fishing boat traffic information provided by the Fujian marine bureau has been used to evaluate the newly proposed method. The analysis results demonstrate that the proposed Chaos-PSO-FNN method can extract distinct features of the traffic data and the prediction rate is beyond 93.7%. In addition, it found that the fishing boats is supposed to be safe when their travel time avoids the rush time of the traffic flow. This result agrees well with the real data. Thus, the new intelligent forecasting control method for fishing boat security can be used in practice.

  13. The May 2015 boat crisis: the Rohingya in Aceh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham Thom

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In May 2015, Indonesia permitted the disembarkation of approximately 1,800 people who had been stranded at sea. The discovery of mass graves in Thailand’s Sadao district, on the border with Malaysia, led to a crack down on people smugglers by the Thai and Malaysian authorities. This saw thousands of Rohingya left stranded at sea as smugglers abandoned their human cargo. While initially pushed back by the Indonesian navy, after being rescued by Indonesian fishermen the Rohingya, on the three boats rescued, were permitted to stay in Indonesia’s Aceh province and seek protection. As part of an Amnesty International research team, conducting research in Aceh in August 2015, our aim was to document the reasons driving the Rohingya to leave Myanmar and Bangladesh, the human rights abuses they experienced at sea and the conditions they are experiencing in Aceh. The subsequent Amnesty International report primarily documented the abuses suffered by those on board the smuggling/trafficking vessels. It also highlighted a number of issues now facing those allowed to remain in Aceh (Amnesty International, 2015. This article will further examine the human rights situation facing the Rohingya in Aceh, why they have been treated differently from previous Rohingya groups who have arrived in Aceh and the ongoing sustainability of the current model. Significantly, the majority of those that arrived have subsequently escaped from the “sites”[1], having again engaged smugglers to reach Malaysia. Given that a process already exists for refugees arriving in Indonesia, the differing treatment received by the Rohingya arriving in May 2015 raises a number of questions. This paper will conclude that the current situation is not sustainable and the treatment of refugees in Aceh should be included in a broader national approach commensurate to the treatment of refugees and asylum seekers throughout Indonesia. [1] Rather than detention centres or camps, the

  14. Tank tests of a family of flying-boat hulls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoemaker, James M; Parkinson, John B

    1934-01-01

    This report presents towing tests made in the N.A.C.A. tank of a parent form and five variations of a flying-boat hull. The beams of two of the derived forms were made the same as that of the parent and the lengths changed by increasing and decreasing the spacing of stations. The lengths of the two others of the derived forms were made the same as that of the parent while the beams were changed by increasing and decreasing the spacing of buttocks, all other widths being changed in proportion. The remaining derived form has the same length and beam as the parent, but the lines of the forebody were altered to give a planing bottom with no longitudinal curvature forward of the step. The test data were analyzed to determine the minimum resistance and the angle at which it occurs for all speeds and loads. The results of this analysis are given in the form of non dimensional curves for each model. The effect of variation in over-all size, as indicated by a "complete" test on any given hull, is pointed out. The effect of changing length alone by the spacing of buttocks, as well as the effects of the changes in length-beam ratio and longitudinal curvature that result from these operations are discussed. The difficulties encountered in interpreting test results of systematic families derived by the method used are emphasized. Further studies are suggested in which changes in the variable under consideration would not be obscured by secondary changes in other important variables.

  15. Boats, Borders and the Geo-Imaginaries of the South

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francis Maravillas

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper activates a mode of spatial inquiry into Australia’s identity through an analysis of a number of frames through which the passage and interdiction of boats off the coast of the nation may be viewed. In particular, I explore the way in which Australia’s paradoxical geographical location as South of both the West and Asia play a key role in affixing the horizon within which a conception of the nation and its relationship with the world was – and continues to be – defined and shaped. Moreover, I not only critically probe the constitutive fears and anxieties that underlie bounded conceptions of the trope of the South, but also to examine how such a trope can articulate itself as a site of exchange and negotiation, a distinctive borderland that engenders new cartographies of difference and belonging in an increasingly globalised and interconnected world. I show how these frames overlap and converge on the wider questions of space, place and identity at the very moment when the process of globalisation and migration has done so much to shake any certainties about Australia’s identity as a geographically distinct and spatially bounded nation-state. In so doing, they represent crucial sites for articulating and enacting a transcultural politics of mobility and spatiality that attends to the ways in which the trope of the South may been imagined not as a sphere of containment or an enclaved territory, but as an evolving cartography, the shifting outlines of which opens up new horizons of possibility for rethinking the spatial and temporal coordinates of Australia in a globalizing world.

  16. Wave Motion Compensation Scheme and Its Model Tests for the Salvage of An Ancient Sunken Boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE Jia-wei; CHEN Yuan-ming; WANG Dong-jiao; LIU Yue-qin; SONG Xin; HUANG Yuan-tian

    2006-01-01

    The application of the vertical hoisting jack and wave motion compensation techniques to the salvage of an ancient sunken boat is introduced. The boat is wooden, loaded with cultural relics. It has been immersed at the bottom of the South China Sea for more than 800 years. In order to protect the structure of the boat and the cultural relics inside to the largest extent, an open caisson is used to hold the sunken boat and the silts around before they are raised from the seabed all together as a whole. In the paper, first, the seakeeping model test of the system of the salvage barge and the open caisson is done to determine some important wave response parameters. And then a further experimental study of the application of the vertical hoisting jack and wave motion compensation scheme to the salvage of the sunken boat is carried out. In the model tests, the techniques of the integrative mechanic-electronic-hydraulic control, wave motion forecast and wave motion compensation are used to minimize the heave motion of the open caisson. The results of the model tests show that the heave motion of the open caisson can be reduced effectively by the use of the present method.

  17. Design of a semi-autonomous boat for measurements of coastal sedimentation and erosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, D.; Cross, L.; Rivet, J.; Hall, S.

    2015-03-01

    Measurement of sediment deposition and erosion in coastal areas is a challenge due to soft shifting sediments, but is critical to assessing loss or restoration of coastal sediments and wetlands. The aim of this project was to design and construct a semi-autonomous boat with water depth measuring capabilities. It was intended to map the depth of coastal wetlands to determine erosion rates and assess coastal restoration effects. Depth-measuring equipment was incorporated into an autonomous pontoon boat powered by solar panels. The propulsion system consisted of two paddlewheels and two-way motors to allow movement and positioning for measurements. Modifications included a lightweight, hard coating on the pontoons and powder-coating the frame to extend their usable life. A microcontroller controlled the boat and captured depth data from sensors and location data with a GPS system. The depth measuring system consisted of a pulley and counter system that completed each measurement in less than 45 seconds. This allowed the boat to take approximately 400 measurements per day. Net accuracy was approximately 3 cm in the tested configuration. The boat can continually measure the depth of specified areas in the wetlands; with this data, the change in depth can be monitored to see the effects of restoration projects.

  18. Research and development of Ro-boat: an autonomous river cleaning robot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Aakash; Bhardwaj, Prashant; Vaibhav, Bipul; Mohommad, Noor

    2013-12-01

    Ro-Boat is an autonomous river cleaning intelligent robot incorporating mechanical design and computer vision algorithm to achieve autonomous river cleaning and provide a sustainable environment. Ro-boat is designed in a modular fashion with design details such as mechanical structural design, hydrodynamic design and vibrational analysis. It is incorporated with a stable mechanical system with air and water propulsion, robotic arms and solar energy source and it is proceed to become autonomous by using computer vision. Both "HSV Color Space" and "SURF" are proposed to use for measurements in Kalman Filter resulting in extremely robust pollutant tracking. The system has been tested with successful results in the Yamuna River in New Delhi. We foresee that a system of Ro-boats working autonomously 24x7 can clean a major river in a city on about six months time, which is unmatched by alternative methods of river cleaning.

  19. 19 CFR 10.36a - Vehicles, pleasure boats and aircraft brought in for repair or alteration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... RATE, ETC. General Provisions Temporary Importations Under Bond § 10.36a Vehicles, pleasure boats and... shall be without surety or cash deposit except as provided by this paragraph and paragraph (d) of this... supported by bond with surety or cash deposit in lieu of surety. (b) Each vehicle, pleasure boat,...

  20. 77 FR 15006 - Special Local Regulations; Third Annual Space Coast Super Boat Grand Prix, Atlantic Ocean, Cocoa...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulations; Third Annual Space Coast... of the Atlantic Ocean east of Cocoa Beach, Florida during the Third Annual Space Coast Super Boat Grand Prix, a series of high-speed boat races. The event is scheduled to take place on Sunday, May...

  1. 33 CFR 150.505 - When must the operator service and examine lifeboat and rescue boat release gear?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... inspection by personnel trained in examining the gear. Inflatable Lifesaving Appliances ... and examine lifeboat and rescue boat release gear? 150.505 Section 150.505 Navigation and Navigable... and examine lifeboat and rescue boat release gear? (a) The operator must service lifeboat and...

  2. 78 FR 60698 - Safety Zone, Lucas Oil Drag Boat Racing Series; Thompson Bay, Lake Havasu City, AZ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Lucas Oil Drag Boat Racing Series; Thompson... Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone within the navigable waters of Thompson Bay in Lake Havasu... Thompson Bay, Lake Havasu, AZ for The Lucas Oil Drag Boat Racing Series. This safety zone is necessary...

  3. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(17)-1 - Remuneration for services performed on a boat engaged in catching fish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Remuneration for services performed on a boat... Remuneration for services performed on a boat engaged in catching fish. (a) Remuneration for services performed... receive, any cash remuneration, other than remuneration that is described in subparagraph (1) of...

  4. 40 CFR Table 1 to Subpart Vvvv of... - Compliance Dates for New and Existing Boat Manufacturing Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Boat Manufacturing Facilities 1 Table 1 to Subpart VVVV of Part 63 Protection of Environment... Manufacturing Pt. 63, Subpt. VVVV, Table 1 Table 1 to Subpart VVVV of Part 63—Compliance Dates for New and Existing Boat Manufacturing Facilities As specified in § 63.5695, you must comply by the dates in...

  5. Tank tests of a model of a flying-boat hull with a fluted bottom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, John R

    1935-01-01

    A 1/5-scale model of a flying-boat hull having flutes in the bottom both forward and aft of the step (NACA model 19) was tested to determine its water performance. The model was also tested after the successive removal of the flutes on the afterbody and forebody. The results from these tests are compared with those from tests of a model of the hull of the Navy PN-8 flying boat and it is concluded that the fluted-bottom model and its modifications are inferior to the model of the PN-8.

  6. THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF GAIN SCHEDULING AND ADAPTIVE AUTOPILOTS FOR A MODEL BOAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. MURALI KRISHNA,

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper Gain scheduling PD controller and Adaptive PD controller are adopted as autopilot systems for a boat model. The control design is based on Nomoto’s first order mathematical model. Adaptive controller is based on model reference adaptive controller theory. Similar test runs are conducted on a model boat with the above controller algorithms. The effectiveness of the two controllers are compared numerically and graphically. The results show that both controllers are well for reaching the desired heading angle. The adaptive controller has some notable advantage over gain scheduling controller.

  7. 75 FR 78725 - Recreational Boating Safety Projects, Programs and Activities Funded Under Provisions of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... Guard from the Sport Fish Restoration and Boating Trust Fund and committed, obligated, and/or expended... defect. ($17,335). Web-based Document Management System: Funding was provided to continue to provide a web-based document management system to better enable the handling of thousands of...

  8. 'We get nothing from fishing' : Fishing for boat opportunities amongst Senegalese fisher migrants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nyamnjoh, Henrietta Mambo

    2010-01-01

    The world is regularly confronted in the media with dramatic images of African boat migrants. Seemingly desperate, these Africans, most of them males, are willing to risk a perilous journey at sea, hoping for a better life in Europe. And, even worse, hundreds more are believed to die each year, swal

  9. BOAT: automatic alignment of biomedical ontologies using term informativeness and candidate selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chua, Watson Wei Khong; Kim, Jung-Jae

    2012-04-01

    The biomedical sciences is one of the few domains where ontologies are widely being developed to facilitate information retrieval and knowledge sharing, but there still remains the problem that applications using different ontologies cannot share knowledge without explicit references between overlapping concepts. Ontology alignment is the task of identifying such equivalence relations between concepts across ontologies. Its application to the biomedical domain should address two open issues: (1) determining the equivalence of concept-pairs which have overlapping terms in their names, and (2) the high run-time required to align large ontologies which are typical in the biomedical domain. To address them, we present a novel approach, named the Biomedical Ontologies Alignment Technique (BOAT), which is state-of-the-art in terms of F-measure, precision and speed. A key feature of BOAT is that it considers the informativeness of each component word in the concept labels, which has significant impact on biomedical ontologies, resulting in a 12.2% increase in F-measure. Another important feature of BOAT is that it selects for comparison only concept pairs that show high likelihoods of equivalence, based on the similarity of their annotations. BOAT's F-measure of 0.88 for the alignment of the mouse and human anatomy ontologies is on par with that of another state-of-the-art matcher, AgreementMaker, while taking a shorter time.

  10. Motion induced passenger dislocations in life raft and life boat configurations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, J.E.; Andersen ,O.; Reinke, P.

    2010-01-01

    Within the European project SafeCrafts, dealing with the safe abandoning of ships, the dislocation of passengers aboard life boats and rafts has been considered to be a risk regarding passenger survival at sea. To get an idea about the risks and the affecting factors involved, we studied the effects

  11. Simple Verification of the Parabolic Shape of a Rotating Liquid and a Boat on Its Surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabatka, Z.; Dvorak, L.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a simple and inexpensive way to create and to verify the parabolic surface of a rotating liquid. The liquid is water. The second part of the article deals with the problem of a boat on the surface of a rotating liquid. (Contains 1 table, 10 figures and 5 footnotes.)

  12. 75 FR 43823 - Safety Zone; He'eia Kea Small Boat Harbor, Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, HI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; He'eia Kea Small Boat Harbor, Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, HI AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary Final Rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard...

  13. 33 CFR 100.111 - Stonington Lobster Boat Races, Stonington, ME.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Stonington Lobster Boat Races, Stonington, ME. 100.111 Section 100.111 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.111 Stonington Lobster...

  14. 33 CFR 100.110 - World's Fastest Lobster Boat Race, Jonesport, ME.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false World's Fastest Lobster Boat Race, Jonesport, ME. 100.110 Section 100.110 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.110 World's Fastest...

  15. 46 CFR 199.175 - Survival craft and rescue boat equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ....75 inches) below the boat's light waterline. (19) Mirror. The signalling mirror must be approved... Knife 1,4 1 1 1 1 18 Ladder 1 1 1 1 19 Mirror, signalling 1 1 1 1 20 Oars, units 5,6 1 1 1 1 Paddles 2...

  16. The use of vascular plants as traditional boat raw material by Yachai tribe in Mappi Regency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YOHANES YOSEPH RAHAWARIN

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available This research is executed aim to know the plant species and the way of exploiting permanent wood upon which traditional boat making by Yachai tribe in Mappi regency. The Method that used in this research is descriptive method with the structural semi interview technique and direct perception in field. Result of research indicate that the tribe Yachai exploit the plant species have permanent wood upon which traditional boat as much 26 species from 14 family. There are 8 wood species which is often used for the body of boat and also own the good quality according to Yachai tribe, that is Atam (Scihizomeria serrata Hochr, Batki (Adinandra forbesii Baker. F, Chomach (Gordonia papuana Kobuski, Rupke (Tristania sp., Bao (Dillenia papuana artelli, Top (Buchanania macrocarpa Laut, Mitbo (Cordia Dichtoma Forst., and Yunun (Camnosperma brevipetiolata Volkens. While to part of oar exploit 2 wood species that is Bach (Buchanania Arborescens.Bi and Tup (Litsea ampala Merr. Yachai Tribe recognized 3 boat model owning different size measure and function, that is Junun Ramchai, Junun Pochoi and Junun Toch.

  17. Stone sculptures of goddesses on the boats from Goa, west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaur, A; Kerkar, R.

    goddess panels. A few sculptures reflect influence of folk art traditions in Goa. On the basis of lion figures in a few sculptured panels indicate that these boat motifs must have been engraved during the Kadamba period (10 th - 13 th) when Goa witnessed...

  18. The boat people of Vietnam. Rescue on the South China Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, T J; Thomas, D; Dewar, E P

    1990-01-01

    Poor economic conditions in Vietnam have encouraged large numbers of people seeking a better life in the West to join the flow of political refugees leaving the country as "boat people". We report the events surrounding one such group of people who were rescued from the South China Sea by the Outback 88 Task Group.

  19. Evaluation of ADCP apparent bed load velocity in a large sand-bed river: Moving versus stationary boat conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamieson, E.C.; Rennie, C.D.; Jacobson, R.B.; Townsend, R.D.

    2011-01-01

    Detailed mapping of bathymetry and apparent bed load velocity using a boat-mounted acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) was carried out along a 388-m section of the lower Missouri River near Columbia, Missouri. Sampling transects (moving boat) were completed at 5- and 20-m spacing along the study section. Stationary (fixed-boat) measurements were made by maintaining constant boat position over a target point where the position of the boat did not deviate more than 3 m in any direction. For each transect and stationary measurement, apparent bed load velocity (vb) was estimated using ADCP bottom tracking data and high precision real-time kinematic (RTK) global positioning system (GPS). The principal objectives of this research are to (1) determine whether boat motion introduces a bias in apparent bed load velocity measurements; and (2) evaluate the reliability of ADCP bed velocity measurements for a range of sediment transport environments. Results indicate that both high transport (vb>0.6 m/s) and moving-boat conditions (for both high and low transport environments) increase the relative variability in estimates of mean bed velocity. Despite this, the spatially dense single-transect measurements were capable of producing detailed bed velocity maps that correspond closely with the expected pattern of sediment transport over large dunes. ?? 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.

  20. 南舟北移背景下京杭运河城市龙舟品牌赛事发展研究%On the dragon boat brand development with the background of Southern boats expanding North

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永虎

    2015-01-01

    Southern boats expanding north is the most powerful measure to prompt the development of dragon boats in China.Regarding canal city's dragon boat races as the research object,using the method of literature,field survey and interview,the dragon boat competition's situation,characteristics and existing problems are analyzed.By using the SWOT analysis theory,based on the research of its superiorities,weaknesses,opportunities and threats to develop the dragon boat brand competition,the development strategy of the dragon boat brand competition is put forward,specifically including:spread the dragon boat sports events and inherit and innovate dragon boating culture;perfect the mechanism and implement the commercial operation;rise the intensity of colleges and universities'races and make the dragon boat culture research;hold the canal city dragon boat club's super league competition,build the brand and so on,in order to further promote China's Dragon Boat Sport healthy and orderly development.%“南舟北移”成为驱动我国龙舟项目普及发展最强有力的举措。以京杭运河城市龙舟赛事为研究对象,运用文献资料、田野调查和访谈法,对当今龙舟赛事现状、特性和存在的问题进行了分析。借用SWOT分析理论,在对发展龙舟品牌赛事面临的优势、劣势、机遇和威胁进行研究的基础上,提出龙舟品牌赛事的开发策略,具体包括:推广龙舟运动,传承与创新龙舟文化;健全机制,实施商业化运作;推进高校龙舟开展力度,做好龙舟文化研究;举办运河城市龙舟俱乐部超级联赛,打造赛事品牌等,力求推动我国龙舟运动健康有序发展。

  1. Psychosocial experiences of breast cancer survivors involved in a dragon boat program: exploring links to positive psychological growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabiston, Catherine M; McDonough, Meghan H; Crocker, Peter R E

    2007-08-01

    This study explored psychosocial experiences of breast cancer survivors involved in dragon boat programs. Twenty women (M(age) = 58.69, SD = 6.85) were interviewed for 45-60 min about their experiences as members of survivor dragon boat teams. Interviews were analyzed using constructivist grounded theory methods. The dragon boat program facilitated social support from women with common challenges and a shared understanding of survivorship. It also provided opportunities to (re)gain a sense of personal control, develop new identities as athletes, and overcome physical challenges. Together these elements contributed to positive psychological growth and linked to the literature on posttraumatic growth. Future physical activity interventions targeting breast cancer survivors may benefit from developing strategies that share key characteristics of dragon boating.

  2. Environmental assessment of proposed dredging and disposal activities at the St. George small boat harbor, reconnaissance stage: Planning aid report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Types of environmental impacts possibly resulting from dredging and disposal activities at the St. George Island small boat harbor include: 1) bottom topographic and...

  3. 77 FR 38077 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement on a Proposed Boat-House Facility...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-26

    ...-House Facility for Non-Motorized Boats, George Washington Memorial Parkway AGENCY: National Park Service... Impact Statement (EIS) to assess the impacts of constructing a boathouse facility and floating docks...

  4. A Study of the Response of Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle to Boat Traffic in the Missisquoi River of Northern Vermont

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this study was to gauge the degree to which boat traffic in the Missisquoi River affects the basking behavior of the eastern spiny softshell turtle...

  5. An assessment of waterbird populations wintering in Port Frederick, Chichagof Island, Alaska, 19-23 February 1982: Boat surveys

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Information is presented on the waterbird population of Port Frederick, Chichagof Island, Alaska, as revealed by small boat surveys during February 1982. The...

  6. Variance of discharge estimates sampled using acoustic Doppler current profilers from moving boats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Carlos M.; Tarrab, Leticia; Oberg, Kevin; Szupiany, Ricardo; Cantero, Mariano I.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a model for quantifying the random errors (i.e., variance) of acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) discharge measurements from moving boats for different sampling times. The model focuses on the random processes in the sampled flow field and has been developed using statistical methods currently available for uncertainty analysis of velocity time series. Analysis of field data collected using ADCP from moving boats from three natural rivers of varying sizes and flow conditions shows that, even though the estimate of the integral time scale of the actual turbulent flow field is larger than the sampling interval, the integral time scale of the sampled flow field is on the order of the sampling interval. Thus, an equation for computing the variance error in discharge measurements associated with different sampling times, assuming uncorrelated flow fields is appropriate. The approach is used to help define optimal sampling strategies by choosing the exposure time required for ADCPs to accurately measure flow discharge.

  7. Boat Pumpout Locations, Fresh Water Boat Ramps in Rhode Island; Rs44ofr95; Public ramps and launching areas for boats and small craft on fresh water rivers streams lakes and ponds, Published in 1995, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Boat Pumpout Locations dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 1995. It is described...

  8. METHODOLOGY OF THE HYBRID PROPULSION SYSTEM (DMP & DEP FOR TRIMARAN TYPE FAST PATROL BOAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aulia Widyandari

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available There are lot of research done to develop a patrol boat, from the modification of hull model until propulsion system equipment. For example the model ship type AMV (Advanced Marine Vehicle was developed starting from the Catamaran, Trimaran and  Pentamaran model. Everything is aimed at obtaining the ship design that has the speed and stability. In addition to achieving high-speed vessel must be equipped with propulsion (Main Power is great, that means the main engine dimensions, auxiliary equipments and fuel tanks is too large. Many Limitations of space on the ship's engine room trimaran vessel is the main obstacle in designing propulsion system. Beside that Patrol boat should have many missions speed, so propulsion system should be designed at that conditions.   Hybrid propulsion is a combination of Diesel Mechanical Propulsion (DMP with Diesel Electric Propulsion (DEP. DMP system is connected directly to the propeller shaft (or through a reduction-gear. DMP has provide more efficiency rate of 95%. While DEP is only able to provide efficiency by 85% - 89% is slightly lower than DMP, but the DEP offers many advantages such as simplicity and suitability in the rotational speed settings, control systems, engine power production Redundancy, Flexibility in the design of equipments layout in engine rooms, noise, vibration and fuel consumption efficiency which affects the lower pollution.   Design of Hybrid Propulsion system can be satisfied and achieved the Power requirements and optimally at all speed condition of patrol boat. Therefore the author made using modeling Maxsurf-11.12 software and carried out various optimization of the choice of main engine, propeller and system conditions for fast patrol boat cruise. 

  9. Development of Fluorescence Imaging Lidar for Boat-Based Coral Observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasano Masahiko

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A fluorescence imaging lidar system installed in a boat-towable buoy has been developed for the observation of reef-building corals. Long-range fluorescent images of the sea bed can be recorded in the daytime with this system. The viability of corals is clear in these fluorescent images because of the innate fluorescent proteins. In this study, the specifications and performance of the system are shown.

  10. "We are all in the same boat" - ISEE leaders' trip to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The motto of Tongji University, whose name literallymeans "we are all in the same boat, and must work to-gether to reach common goals", describes the harvest ofISEE leaders' mission to China in May 2007. ISEE Presi-dent Joan Martinez-Alier, President-Elect Peter May andthe society's founder and first President, Robert Costanzaas well as ISEE member Robert Ayres, participated in aseries of events and meetings in Shanghai and Beijing witha view to build institutional collaboration.

  11. The Intrusion of Engine Exhaust into the Passenger Areas of Recreational Power Boats

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    Annapolis, Maryland. The test boat was a 34-foot Silverton sedan cruiser equipped with twin 302 CID engines with exhaust exits located on each side of the...40.60 30.14 1.42 09:36:31 51.80 41.90 30.14 2.74 -001 -000 -@00 @00 test oeat: 361 Silverton Sedan Cruiser 19:27:01 51.30 42.70 30.14 1.53 *forever

  12. Isolation and application of Gordonia sp. JC11 for removal of boat lubricants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanthamalee, Jirapat; Luepromchai, Ekawan

    2012-01-01

    Boat lubricants are continuously released into the marine environment and thereby cause chronic oil pollution. This study aims to isolate lubricant-degrading microorganisms from Thai coastal areas as well as to apply a selected strain for removal of boat lubricants. Ten microorganisms in the genera of Gordonia, Microbacterium, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Brucella, Enterococcus and Candida were initially isolated by crude oil enrichment culture techniques. The lubricant-removal activity of these isolates was investigated with mineral-based lubricants that had been manufactured for the 4-stroke diesel engines of fishing boats. Gordonia sp. JC11, the most effective strain was able to degrade 25-55% of 1,000 mg L(-1) total hydrocarbons in six tested lubricants, while only 0-15% of the lubricants was abiotically removed. The bacterium had many characteristics that promoted lubricant degradation such as hydrocarbon utilization ability, emulsification activity and cell surface hydrophobicity. For bioaugmentation treatment of lubricant contaminated seawater, the inoculum of Gordonia sp. JC11 was prepared by immobilizing the bacterium on polyurethane foam (PUF). PUF-immobilized Gordonia sp. JC11 was able to remove 42-56% of 100-1,000 mg L(-1) waste lubricant No. 2 within 5 days. This lubricant removal efficiency was higher than those of free cells and PUF without bacterial cells. The bioaugmentation treatment significantly increased the number of lubricant-degrading microorganisms in the fishery port seawater microcosm and resulted in rapid removal of waste lubricant No. 2.

  13. Emissions in the exhaust of fishing boats after adding viscous agents into fuel oils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Lien-Te; Shih, Shun-I; Lin, Sheng-Lun; Yang, Tsun-Lirng; Wu, Tser-Son; Hung, Chung-Hsien

    2009-12-20

    In order to avoid the illegal use of fishing boat fuel A (FBFA) by traveling diesel vehicles (TDVs) in Taiwan, alternatives that are easily distinguished from premium diesel fuel (PDF) were prepared to evaluate their suitability. Two new ingredients, pyrolysis fuel oil (PFO) and residue of desulfurization unit (RDS), were added into FBFA and formed PFO0.5 and RDS0.5, respectively. Along with FBFA, these three fuels were analyzed for their chemical and physical properties. Furthermore, they were used by three fishing boats with different sizes, output powers, and weights. The engine performances and pollutant emissions were examined and monitored. Experimental results show that there are significant differences in appearance between PDF and the two new blended fuels (PFO0.5 and RDS0.5), and thus misuse or illegal use of FBFA could be substantially reduced. The fuel consumption, which is negatively related to the heating value of fuels, is in order of FBFAfishing boats, using RDS0.5 resulted in a decrease in CO and NO(x) emissions, while the PM emission factors (g bhp(-1) h(-1) and g L(-1)-fuel) were reduced by approximately 36% and 33%, respectively. Owing to the higher total aromatic content in PFO0.5 and RDS0.5, total-PAH concentrations in the exhausts from the three fishing boats using PFO0.5 and RDS0.5 were slightly (1.2 and 1.1 times, respectively) higher than for those using FBFA. Nevertheless, the estimated total BaP(eq) from the three fishing boats using RDS0.5 was 27.5, 19.5, and 8.25% lower than those using FBFA. With using PFO0.5, they were totally different, at 23.5, 2.79, and 2.58% higher. With regard to looking different to PDF, RDS0.5 is superior to PFO0.5, and is thus recommended as a better alternative to FBFA, particularly because it can help lower more emissions of CO, NO(x), PM and BaP(eq).

  14. Mechanical properties and fabrication of small boat using woven glass/sugar palm fibres reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misri, S.; Leman, Z.; Sapuan, S. M.; Ishak, M. R.

    2010-05-01

    In recent years, sugar palm fibre has been found to have great potential to be used as fibre reinforcement in polymer matrix composites. This research investigates the mechanical properties of woven glass/sugar palm fibres reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite. The composite specimens made of different layer of fibres such as strand mat, natural and hand woven of sugar palm fibres. The composites were fabricated using a compression moulding technique. The tensile and impact test was carried out in accordance to ASTM 5083 and ASTM D256 standard. The fibre glass boat is a familiar material used in boat industry. A lot of research on fabrication process such as lay-up, vacuum infusion mould and resin transfer mould has been conducted. Hybrid material of sugar palm fibre and fibre glass was used in fabricating the boat. This research investigates the method selection for fabrication of small boat application of natural fibre composites. The composite specimens made of different layer of fibres; woven glass fibre, strand mat, natural and hand woven of woven sugar palm fibres were prepared. The small boat were fabricated using a compression moulding and lay up technique. The results of the experiment showed that the tensile strength, tensile modulus, elongation at break value and impact strength were higher than the natural woven sugar palm fibre. The best method for fabricating the small boat was compression moulding technique. As a general conclusion, the usage of glass fibre had improved the tensile properties sugar palm fibre composites and compression moulding technique is suitable to be used in making a small boat application of natural fibre composites.

  15. Commuter exposure to black carbon, carbon monoxide, and noise in the mass transport khlong boats of Bangkok, Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziegler, A. D.; Velasco, E.; Ho, K. J.

    2013-12-01

    Khlong (canal) boats are a unique mass transport alternative in the congested city of Bangkok. Canals and rivers provide exclusive transit-ways for reducing the commuting time of thousands of city residents daily. However, as a consequence of the service characteristics and boats design and state of repair, they can represent a potential public health risk and an important source of black carbon and greenhouse gases. This work quantifies commuter exposure to black carbon, CO and noise when waiting for and travelling in these diesel fueled boats. Exposure to toxic pollutants and acute noise is similar or worse than for other transportation modes. Mean black carbon concentrations observed at one busy pier and along the main canal were much higher than ambient concentrations at sites impacted by vehicular traffic. Concentrations of CO were similar to those reported for roadside areas of Bangkok. The equivalent continuous sound levels registered at the landing pier were similar to those reported for roadsides, but values recorded inside the boats were significantly higher. We believe that the boat service is a viable alternative mode of mass transport, but public safety could be improved to provide a high quality service, comparable to modern rail systems or emerging bus rapid transit systems. These investments would also contribute to reduce the emission of black carbon and other greenhouse and toxic pollutants.

  16. Modeling the impacts of cetacean-focused tourism in Taiwan: observations from cetacean watching boats: 2002-2005.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, Yung-Ping; Huang, Yu-Chin; Kyle, Gerard T; Yang, Ming-Ching

    2011-01-01

    Cetacean-focused tourism in Taiwan has grown rapidly since 1997. This development, measured in terms of both number of tour boats and visitors, has resulted in many resource management challenges stemming from the absence of regulation and scientific data. To fill this void in empirical evidence, we used 464 sighting records from 2002 to 2005 to model the impact of cetacean-focused tourism. Cox proportional hazard analysis indicated cetacean avoidance responses to cetacean watching boats were strongly associated with pod size, mother-calf pairs, and cetacean-vessel distances. Mother-calf pairs abandoned their avoidance tactic by 55% compared to noncalf groups when tour boats approached. Second, the hazard ratio of abundance was 0.996, suggesting that the odds of encountering avoidance responses by the cetaceans decreased by 42% for every 100-member increase in the cetacean pod size. Last, distances maintained by boats from the cetaceans was positively related to avoidance responses (i.e., less avoidance behavior with closer interaction). Based on our findings, we have the following recommendations: (a) limit vessels from approaching mothers with calves, (b) limit vessels from approaching small groups of cetaceans, (c) reduced avoidance behavior to boat traffic may be a red flag for potential long-term disturbance, and (d) apply the "precautionary principle" based on the best scientific information available in cetacean-based tourism in Taiwan. These recommendations will help contribute to the sustainable development of cetacean-focused tourism in Taiwan.

  17. Quantification of Boat Visitation Rates at Artificial and Natural Reefs in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico Using Acoustic Recorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simard, Peter; Wall, Kara R; Mann, David A; Wall, Carrie C; Stallings, Christopher D

    2016-01-01

    Artificial reefs are commonly used as a management tool, in part to provide ecosystem services, including opportunities for recreational fishing and diving. Quantifying the use of artificial reefs by recreational boaters is essential for determining their value as ecosystem services. In this study, four artificial-natural reef pairs in the eastern Gulf of Mexico (off western Florida) were investigated for boat visitation rates using autonomous acoustic recorders. Digital SpectroGram (DSG) recorders were used to collect sound files from April 2013 to March 2015. An automatic detection algorithm was used to identify boat noise in individual files using the harmonic peaks generated by boat engines, and by comparing the sound amplitude of each file with surrounding files. In all four pairs, visitation rates were significantly higher at the artificial reef than the natural reef. This increase in boat visitation was likely due to actual or perceived increased quality of fishing and diving at the artificial reefs, or to lack of knowledge of the presence or locations of the natural reefs. Inshore reefs (25 m depth). This study appears to be the first to use acoustic data to measure participant use of boating destinations, and highlights the utility of acoustic monitoring for the valuation of this important ecosystem service provided by artificial reefs.

  18. Quantification of Boat Visitation Rates at Artificial and Natural Reefs in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico Using Acoustic Recorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simard, Peter; Wall, Kara R.; Mann, David A.; Wall, Carrie C.; Stallings, Christopher D.

    2016-01-01

    Artificial reefs are commonly used as a management tool, in part to provide ecosystem services, including opportunities for recreational fishing and diving. Quantifying the use of artificial reefs by recreational boaters is essential for determining their value as ecosystem services. In this study, four artificial–natural reef pairs in the eastern Gulf of Mexico (off western Florida) were investigated for boat visitation rates using autonomous acoustic recorders. Digital SpectroGram (DSG) recorders were used to collect sound files from April 2013 to March 2015. An automatic detection algorithm was used to identify boat noise in individual files using the harmonic peaks generated by boat engines, and by comparing the sound amplitude of each file with surrounding files. In all four pairs, visitation rates were significantly higher at the artificial reef than the natural reef. This increase in boat visitation was likely due to actual or perceived increased quality of fishing and diving at the artificial reefs, or to lack of knowledge of the presence or locations of the natural reefs. Inshore reefs (25 m depth). This study appears to be the first to use acoustic data to measure participant use of boating destinations, and highlights the utility of acoustic monitoring for the valuation of this important ecosystem service provided by artificial reefs. PMID:27500533

  19. Modeling the Impacts of Cetacean-Focused Tourism in Taiwan: Observations from Cetacean Watching Boats: 2002-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, Yung-Ping; Huang, Yu-Chin; Kyle, Gerard T.; Yang, Ming-Ching

    2011-01-01

    Cetacean-focused tourism in Taiwan has grown rapidly since 1997. This development, measured in terms of both number of tour boats and visitors, has resulted in many resource management challenges stemming from the absence of regulation and scientific data. To fill this void in empirical evidence, we used 464 sighting records from 2002 to 2005 to model the impact of cetacean-focused tourism. Cox proportional hazard analysis indicated cetacean avoidance responses to cetacean watching boats were strongly associated with pod size, mother-calf pairs, and cetacean-vessel distances. Mother-calf pairs abandoned their avoidance tactic by 55% compared to noncalf groups when tour boats approached. Second, the hazard ratio of abundance was 0.996, suggesting that the odds of encountering avoidance responses by the cetaceans decreased by 42% for every 100-member increase in the cetacean pod size. Last, distances maintained by boats from the cetaceans was positively related to avoidance responses (i.e., less avoidance behavior with closer interaction). Based on our findings, we have the following recommendations: (a) limit vessels from approaching mothers with calves, (b) limit vessels from approaching small groups of cetaceans, (c) reduced avoidance behavior to boat traffic may be a red flag for potential long-term disturbance, and (d) apply the "precautionary principle" based on the best scientific information available in cetacean-based tourism in Taiwan. These recommendations will help contribute to the sustainable development of cetacean-focused tourism in Taiwan.

  20. The Boat-coffins and Single-log Coffins in Shangye Street, Chengdu, Sichuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋成; 颜劲松; 陈云洪; 刘雨茂; 王淑芳

    2003-01-01

    The boat-coffins and single-log coffins are located in No. 58, Shangye 商业 Street, within the first ring road of Chengdu 成都 downtown area. From July 2000 to the beginning of 2001 Chengdu Municipal Institute of Antiquity and Archaeology made an excavation of this site and determined it to be a massive tomb of the early Warring States period. It was selected as one of the top ten great archaeological discoveries in China in 2000 and declared by the State Council as a historical site of the fifth group under special protection within China in July 2001.

  1. Recreational Boat Safety Collision Research - Phase 2. Volume 2. Collision Accident Investigations - 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-07-01

    greater on every weekday except Wednesday than on Saturday or Sunday. Perhaps boaters are more careful on weekends when waterways are more crowded...that his boat was for rer, so more care could have been given to lookout for the water scooter. Use of alcohol bf no. 4 may have caused him not to...batterry and fuell tank al h if itulewae udrsa 90 DAY ~1 / 0% Mane plywood * Telescopc peddle 0 Self beling GENTLE AS A KITTEN , due to Hydro-Cycle’s unique

  2. A study of the sewn-plank boats of Goa, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Shaikh, Z.A; Tripati, S.; Shinde, V.

    from local saw mills or brought from neighbouring states. After cutting and trimming the timber in the saw mills, they are brought to the yard. The construction of a sewn plank built boat starts by laying the keel (Fig. 5). The keel defines the size... stream_size 26146 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Int_J_Naut_Archaeol_41_148a.pdf.txt stream_source_info Int_J_Naut_Archaeol_41_148a.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 1...

  3. Study Project Comprising Two Surveys on Behalf of the National Association of State Boating Law Administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-06-01

    units been involved in a search for persons thought to be lost in the water? Boat Swimmer Hunter-Fisherman Aircraft Total 11 Would staff of your SAR...Governors Island. Our search plan coincides with standard procedures (i.e.) expanded search, etc. 5. Occurrences involving swimmers and surfers have...0 :D 4Jf 10 OU 4 PC to 41N~ 0~ 0 lue ~ --4 0 0 m4O0 ~ 4~ Z) ts Z 0 - - imt < U- 4 ") 4H 0 u0 u i 69 CD 00 o 0000 0 0 0 S0cJ N Oa O 0 %D %.0~o o..-r O

  4. Weekday/weekend differences in gasoline related hydrocarbons at coastal PAMS sites due to recreational boating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Robert F.

    2013-08-01

    Analysis of PAMS (Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations) data at several coastal sites reveals large weekday/weekend differences in gasoline related hydrocarbons. Elevated concentrations of gasoline related constituents, including alkanes, alkenes, and aromatics, are observed on weekends at the PAMS monitors at Sherwood Island State Park in Westport, CT and at Newbury, MA. An analysis of the ratio of the concentrations of 2,3-dimethylbutane to 2,2-dimethylbutane indicates these compounds are freshly emitted, and an investigation in conjunction with wind data shows that the elevated concentrations are associated primarily with onshore winds. These elevated concentrations are most likely due to weekend recreational boating.

  5. Developing the Navy’s NC Flying Boats: Transforming Aeronautical Engineering for the First Transatlantic Flight

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ft. Max Gross Weight 28,0001b Cruising Speed 84kts Range 1,278 nm Crew 6 Engines (4) 400 hp Liberty L-12 Figure 7. The NC flying boat. In...of the hull. The keel of the hull is built up from spruce while the bottom planking is laid up from two plies of cedar separated by a waterproofing...pilots could remain below decks and out of the weather if desired. The aircraft commander even had enough space to lie down on the planking that made up

  6. Influence of boat noises on escape behaviour of white-spotted eagle ray Aetobatus ocellatus at Moorea Island (French Polynesia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berthe, Cecile; Lecchini, David

    2016-02-01

    The present study tested different sounds that could disturb eagle rays (Aetobatus ocellatus) during their foraging activities at Moorea, French Polynesia. Results showed that artificial white sound and single-frequency tones (40 Hz, 600 Hz or 1 kHz) did not have an effect on rays (at least 90% of rays continued to forage over sand), while playbacks of boat motor sound significantly disturbed rays during foraging activity (60% exhibited an escape behaviour). Overall, our study highlighted the negative effect of boat noises on the foraging activity of eagle rays. These noises produced by boat traffic could, however, have some positive effects for marine aquaculture if they could be used as a deterrent to repel the eagle rays, main predators of the pearl oysters.

  7. Internal conflicts of Emily Dickinson-A study of the images of boat and sea in Dickinson’s poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAN Hai-yan

    2014-01-01

    The peculiar images, the boat and the sea, often recur in the poems of Emily Dickinson, the great American poet, which well reflect her internal conflicts, the conflicts between being an autonomous woman and being a passionate yet submissive wom-an. In her poems, the sea is a symbol of the male-dominated society or an individual man. While the little boat is the epitome of Dickinson:sometimes it wants to be strong-willed and clear of its destination, sometimes it just wants to moor in the sea and en-joy the calmness. The paper tends to reveal the psychological struggle of Emily Dickinson and show the whole image of her as an individual through the analysis of the images of boat and sea in Dickinson’s poems.

  8. Development of boats propelled by fuel cells; Developpement d'embarcations mues par piles a combustible

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Affolter, J.F.; Mariotti, P. [Ecole d' Ingenieurs du Canton de Vaud, HES-SO, Yverdon les Bains (Switzerland)

    2000-07-01

    An important European demand for propulsion systems lead us to think that the number of electric ships is growing rapidly. A lot of lakes in Europe are not allowed to the thermal navigation. The aim is to offer a maximum of comfort, reliability, silence, lack of pollution and respect to environment. One of the answers to this expectation is the use of the electric propulsion and a generation of power with fuel cells. After having fabricated the 'Hydroxy100', a single-seater boat propelled by a 100 W fuel cell, and a two-seater boat designed for a 300 W fuel cell, a new plan for a six-seater pleasure boat is being studied. These pilot plans are carried out with the aim to favour the development of this technology. (O.M.)

  9. Modified technique of using conventional slider boat for liquid phase epitaxy of silicon for solar cell application

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D Majumdar; S Chatterjee; U Gangopadhyay; H Saha

    2003-10-01

    Epitaxial layers of silicon are grown on single crystal Si-substrate from a solution of silicon in indium using conventional graphite slider boat technique. The important problems of natural convection due to lower density of silicon compared to indium, poor wetting of substrate due to high angle of contact of indium solution on silicon substrate resulting in poor nucleation, melt removal from the growth substrate and saturation wafer associated with LPE in this technique are practically eliminated using sandwich method with simple modifications of the boat and the method of growth. Some experimental studies on the effect of different surface preparations of growth substrate are also reported. Growth results are shown and discussed. Further, improvization of slider boat to facilitate better study of growth parameters is suggested in the line of modification already carried out.

  10. 经编无缝船袜的开发%Development of Warp Knitted Seamless Boat Socks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚馨馨; 丛洪莲

    2015-01-01

    经编无缝船袜是由双针床拉舍尔经编机生产的一次成型织物。船袜又称“隐形袜”,鞋子可将袜面部分罩住。经编无缝船袜款式多样,花型丰富,且无缝合,吸湿排汗,穿着十分舒适。本课题介绍了船袜的生产设备、多款经编无缝船袜的不同特点,选用花型时的注意点以及船袜的功能性特点,如利用硅胶使得经编无缝船袜摒弃易滑脱的缺陷等。简单介绍船袜的开发过程。未来经编无缝船袜需要从新原料、新款式、新工艺等角度出发,获得更广阔的市场。%Warp knitted seamless boat socks were produced by a double bar raschel machine. It is called in-visible boat socks whose face can be covered by shoes. Warp knitted seamless boat socks have diverse styles and rich patterns, they are moisture absorbable, breathable and comfortable. Some main points of boat socks were in-troduced such as the production equipment, different characteristics with diverse styles, key points for selecting patterns and its functional features such as the use of silica gel which made the warp knitted seamless boat socks hard to slip. The development process of boat socks was briefly introduced. From the perspective of new materi-als, new style and new technology, the future of warp knitted seamless socks will have a broader market.

  11. A General Tank Test of a Model of the Hull of the British Singapore IIC Flying Boat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, John R; Truscott, Starr

    1936-01-01

    A general test was made in the N.A.C.A. tank of a 1/12-size model of the hull of the British Singapore IIC flying boat loaned by the Director of Research, British Air Ministry. The results are given in charts and are compared with the results of tests of a model of an American flying-boat hull, the Sikorsky S-40. The Singapore hull has a greater hump resistance but a much lower high-speed resistance than the S-40.

  12. Development and evaluation of a boat-mounted RFID antenna for monitoring freshwater mussels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Jesse R.; Neebling, Travis E.; Quist, Michael C.

    2012-01-01

    Development of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology and passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags has substantially increased the ability of researchers and managers to monitor populations of aquatic organisms. However, use of transportable RFID antenna systems (i.e., backpack-mounted) is currently limited to wadeable aquatic environments (RFID antenna to detect individually PIT-tagged benthic aquatic organisms (mussels). We evaluated the effects of tag orientation on detection distances in water with a 32-mm half-duplex PIT tag. Detection distances up to 50 cm from the antenna coils were obtained, but detection distance was dependent on tag orientation. We also evaluated detection distance of PIT tags beneath the sediment to simulate detection of burrowing mussels with 23- and 32-mm tags. In sand substrate, the maximum detection distance varied from 3.5 cm and 4.5 cm (vertical tag orientation) to 24.7 cm and 39.4 cm (45° tag orientation) for the 23- and 32-mm PIT tags, respectively. Our results suggest a 1.4-m total detection width for tagged mussels on the substrate surface by the boat-mounted antenna system regardless of tag orientation. However, burrowed mussels may require multiple passes to increase detection that would be influenced by depth, tag orientation, and tag size. Construction of the boat-mounted antenna was relatively low in cost (<500 USD) and had several advantages (less labor and time intensive, increased safety) over traditional mussel sampling techniques (diving, snorkeling) in nonwadeable habitats.

  13. An Energy Management System of a Fuel Cell/Battery Hybrid Boat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingang Han

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available All-electric ships are now a standard offering for energy/propulsion systems in boats. In this context, integrating fuel cells (FCs as power sources in hybrid energy systems can be an interesting solution because of their high efficiency and low emission. The energy management strategy for different power sources has a great influence on the fuel consumption, dynamic performance and service life of these power sources. This paper presents a hybrid FC/battery power system for a low power boat. The hybrid system consists of the association of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC and battery bank. The mathematical models for the components of the hybrid system are presented. These models are implemented in Matlab/Simulink environment. Simulations allow analyzing the dynamic performance and power allocation according to a typical driving cycle. In this system, an efficient energy management system (EMS based on operation states is proposed. This EMS strategy determines the operating point of each component of the system in order to maximize the system efficiency. Simulation results validate the adequacy of the hybrid power system and the proposed EMS for real ship driving cycles.

  14. Hydrodynamics of a self-propelled camphor boat at the air-water interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akella, Sathish; Singh, Dhiraj; Singh, Ravi; Bandi, Mahesh

    2015-11-01

    A camphor tablet, when placed at the air-water interface undergoes sublimation and camphor vapour spreads radially outwards across the surface due to Marangoni forces. This steady camphor influx from tablet onto the air-water interface is balanced by the camphor outflux due to evaporation. When spontaneous fluctuations in evaporation break the axial symmetry of Marangoni force acting radially outwards, the camphor tablet is propelled like a boat along the water surface. We report experiments on the hydrodynamics of a self-propelled camphor boat at air-water interfaces. We observe three different modes of motion, namely continuous, harmonic and periodic, due to the volatile nature of camphor. We explain these modes in terms of ratio of two time-scales: the time-scale over which viscous forces are dominant over the Marangoni forces (τη) and the time-scale over which Marangoni forces are dominant over the viscous forces (τσ). The continuous, harmonic and periodic motions are observed when τη /τσ ~ 1 , τη /τσ >= 1 and τη /τσ >> 1 respectively. Experimentally, the ratio of the time scales is varied by changing the interfacial tension of the air-water interface using Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate. This work was supported by the Collective Interactions Unit, OIST Graduate University.

  15. Energetic analyses of chair and boat conformations of maleimide substituted cyclohexane derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remmert, Sarah; Parish, Carol

    2009-04-30

    An analysis of the conformational preferences of two maleimide substituted cyclohexane derivatives proposed as scaffolds for HIV-1 fusion inhibitors is presented. Hybrid Low Mode-Monte Carlo (1:1) conformational searches using seven different force fields were performed in combination with the GBSA(water) solvent model. Low energy structures identified in this way were subjected to geometry optimization on the B3LYP/6-31G** surface. Solvent effects were included in the quantum calculation using the self-consistent reaction field model for water. Quantum results indicate that the 1,3,5-maleimide functionalized 1,3,5-methyl cyclohexane is more stable in the boat conformation, whereas 1,3,5-maleimide functionalized cyclohexane adopts the expected chair conformation with equatorial arms. None of the force fields studied was able to predict the unexpected preference for the boat conformation of 1,3,5-maleimide functionalized 1,3,5-methyl cyclohexane. Comparison of low energy and experimental structures was also performed.

  16. Conformation of hindered piperidines: Spectroscopic evidence for contribution of boat conformations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Thangamani; J Jayabharathi; A Manimekalai

    2010-07-01

    High resolution 1H and 13C NMR resonance assignments and conformational assignments were carried out for four (3)-benzyl-(2),(6)-bis(aryl)piperidin-4-ones 1-4 and their four -nitroso-(3)-benzyl-(2),(6)-bis(aryl)piperidin-4-ones 5-8. In addition to conventional 1D NMR methods, 2D shiftcorrelated NMR techniques (1H-1H COSY and 1H-13C COSY) were used for signal assignments. At room temperature the (3)-benzyl-(2),(6)-bis(aryl)piperidin-4-ones 1-4 exist in only one isomeric form whereas their -nitroso derivatives 5-8 exist in two isomeric forms. The preferred conformations of both the isomeric forms of nitrosamines were determined by comparison of the spectral data with those of the corresponding parent amines 1-4 and with the aid of substituent parameters. The results indicate the presence of an equilibrium mixture of boat forms B1 and B2 for Z isomers of 5-8. For the E isomers of 5-8, boat form B1 is predicted to be the major conformer. The piperidin-4-ones 1-4 exist in normal chair conformations with equatorial orientations of all the substituents.

  17. Tanks Test of a Model of the Hull of the Navy PB-1 Flying Boat - N.A.C.A. Model 52

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allison, John M

    1936-01-01

    A model of the hull of the Navy PB-1 flying boat was tested in the N.A.C.A. tank as part of a program intended to provide information regarding the water performance of hulls of flying boats of earlier design for which hydrodynamic data have heretofore been unavailable. Tests were made according to the general method over the range of practical loadings with the model both fixed in trim and free to trim. A free-to-trim test according to the specific method was also made for the design load and take-off speed corresponding to those of the full-scale flying boat. The resistance obtained from the fixed-trim test was found to be about the same as that of the model of the NC flying-boat hull, and greater at the hump but smaller at high speeds than that of a model of the Sikorsky S-40 flying-boat hull.

  18. Designing a Two-Phase BLDC Motor and Finite-Element Analysis of Designing a Controller in Order to Manoeuvre High-Speed Boats in Marine Turbulences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Jafarboland

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available High speed boats are small kind of boats which are piloted with boatman.These boats are usually used in strategic commissions like military which fast speeds and good manoeuvrability are of essential importance.Rough sea path, marine turbulences and multi input multi output nonlinear dynamical model of this boats,make it very difficult to pilot and manoeuvre them.in this paper,.two controller are designed and proposed for pursuing desired path and manoeuvring fast speeds.Fuzzy controller is compared with the result of PID controller. Simulation results also indicate that these proposed controllers have suitable responses and can pilot the boat in the best manner.

  19. 40 CFR 63.5752 - How do I calculate the organic HAP content of aluminum recreational boat surface coatings?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the organic HAP content of aluminum recreational boat surface coatings? (a) Use equation 1 of this... 12 months. ER22AU01.017 Where: HAPSC = weighted-average organic HAP content for all aluminum coating materials, kilograms of organic HAP per liter of coating solids. m = number of different aluminum...

  20. Around a camphoric-acid boat, is the surfactant adsorbed on to the interface or dissolved in the bulk?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandre, Shreyas; Akella, Sathish; Singh, Dhiraj; Singh, Ravi; Bandi, Mahesh

    2016-11-01

    A camphoric-acid boat (c-boat for short), a cylindrical gel tablet infused with camphoric acid, moves spontaneously when placed on an air-water interface. This system is a classic example of propulsion driven by Marangoni forces. Despite rich history on particles propelled by Marangoni forces, including contributions by figures such as Benjamin Franklin, Allesandro Volta, and Giovanni Venturi, the underlying fluid dynamics remains poorly understood. A key missing piece is the nature of the surfactant; in our case, the question is whether the camphoric acid is dissolved in the bulk or adsorbed on to the interface. We gain insight into this piece by holding the c-boat stationary and measuring the surrounding axisymmetric flow velocity to a precision needed to distinguish between the two possibilities. For soluble surfactants, it is known that the velocity field decays as r - 2 / 3, where r is the distance from the center of the c-boat. Whereas, for surfactant adsorbed on to the air-water interface, we derive that the surrounding velocity fields decays as r - 3 / 5. Based on our measurements we deduce that, even though soluble in water, the Marangoni flow results from a layer of camphoric acid adsorbed to the air-water interface.

  1. 76 FR 26931 - Safety Zone; Second Annual Space Coast Super Boat Grand Prix, Atlantic Ocean, Cocoa Beach, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... Prix, Atlantic Ocean, Cocoa Beach, FL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY... Cocoa Beach, Florida during the Second Annual Space Coast Super Boat Grand Prix. The Second Annual Space... will be held on the waters of the Atlantic Ocean east of Cocoa Beach, Florida. Approximately 30...

  2. 40 CFR 63.5755 - How do I demonstrate compliance with the aluminum recreational boat surface coating spray gun...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the aluminum recreational boat surface coating spray gun cleaning work practice standards? 63.5755... surface coating spray gun cleaning work practice standards? You must demonstrate compliance with the aluminum coating spray gun cleaning work practice standards by meeting the requirements of paragraph (a)...

  3. extrap: Software to assist the selection of extrapolation methods for moving-boat ADCP streamflow measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, David S.

    2013-01-01

    Selection of the appropriate extrapolation methods for computing the discharge in the unmeasured top and bottom parts of a moving-boat acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) streamflow measurement is critical to the total discharge computation. The software tool, extrap, combines normalized velocity

  4. 40 CFR 1045.660 - How do I certify outboard or personal watercraft engines for use in jet boats?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I certify outboard or personal watercraft engines for use in jet boats? 1045.660 Section 1045.660 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SPARK-IGNITION PROPULSION MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS...

  5. Performance evaluation of photovoltaic boats in an early design stage: numerical simulations with industrial design engineering methods

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gorter, Tim

    2014-01-01

    In order to reduce the need for fossil fuels for transport, alternative ways of meeting the energy demand for transport are required. The Province of Friesland in The Netherlands has developed into a niche sector for Photovoltaic (PV) boats among others to also reduce CO2 emissions in transport. Exa

  6. 26 CFR 301.6050A-1 - Information returns regarding services performed by certain crewmen on fishing boats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Information returns regarding services... ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records § 301.6050A-1 Information returns regarding services... information regarding services performed by certain crewmen on fishing boats, see § 1.6050A-1 of this...

  7. Extraction, partial characterization and bioactivity of polysaccharides from boat-fruited sterculia seeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ai, Lianzhong; Wu, Jinhong; Che, Na; Wu, Yan; Cui, Steve W

    2012-12-01

    Three polysaccharides (water-soluble (WSP), alkali-soluble (ASP) and insoluble (IMP)) from boat-fruited sterculia seeds were obtained using different extraction methods. Moisture, ash, protein and total carbohydrate content of WSP, ASP and IMP were analyzed. WSP was rich in glucose, rhamnose, arabinose and galactose while small amount of xylose was also detected. The monosaccharide composition as well its relative content for WSP and ASP were similar. The intrinsic viscosity results demonstrated that ASP had much lower intrinsic viscosity than WSP, indicating partial polysaccharides were degraded into low molecular weight polymers during alkaline extraction. The acute anti-inflammatory bioactive results of polysaccharides indicated that WSP demonstrated an inhibitive effect toward acute inflammation.

  8. Design of Heat Pipe Type Adsorption Ice Maker for Fishing Boats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽伟; 王如竹; 夏再忠; 吴静怡

    2005-01-01

    A heat pipe type adsorption ice maker with two adsorbers for fishing boats is designed by using ammonia as refrigerant and compound of activated carbon-GaG12 as adsorbent. This type of heat pipe adsorber can solve the problem of incompatibility between ammonia, copper, seawater and steel. The working process of the ice maker with 8.7kg adsorbent per bed is simulated. The results show that the optimal semi-cycle time is about 9min at the evaporating temperature of -15℃, where the corresponding cooling power, specific cooling power per kilogram adsorbent SCP and coefficient of refrigerant performance COP are respectively 3.6 kW, 217 W·kg-1 and 0.404.

  9. A comparison of the impact of 'seagrass-friendly' boat mooring systems on Posidonia australis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demers, Marie-Claire A; Davis, Andrew R; Knott, Nathan A

    2013-02-01

    Permanent boat moorings have contributed to the decline of seagrasses worldwide, prompting the development of 'seagrass-friendly' moorings. We contrasted seagrass cover and density (predominantly Posidonia australis) in the vicinity of three mooring types and nearby reference areas lacking moorings in Jervis Bay, Australia. We examined two types of 'seagrass-friendly' mooring and a conventional 'swing' mooring. 'Swing' moorings produced significant seagrass scour, denuding patches of ~9 m radius. Seagrass-friendly 'cyclone' moorings produced extensive denuded patches (average radius of ~18 m). Seagrass-friendly 'screw' moorings, conversely, had similar seagrass cover to nearby reference areas. Our findings reinforce previous work highlighting the negative effects of 'swing' and 'cyclone' moorings. In contrast, the previously unstudied 'screw' moorings were highly effective. We conclude that regular maintenance of moorings and the monitoring of surrounding seagrass are required to ensure that 'seagrass-friendly' moorings are operating effectively. This is important, as following damage Posidonia will take many decades to recover.

  10. Effects of tour boats on dolphin activity examined with sensitivity analysis of Markov chains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dans, Silvana Laura; Degrati, Mariana; Pedraza, Susana Noemí; Crespo, Enrique Alberto

    2012-08-01

    In Patagonia, Argentina, watching dolphins, especially dusky dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus), is a new tourist activity. Feeding time decreases and time to return to feeding after feeding is abandoned and time it takes a group of dolphins to feed increase in the presence of boats. Such effects on feeding behavior may exert energetic costs on dolphins and thus reduce an individual's survival and reproductive capacity or maybe associated with shifts in distribution. We sought to predict which behavioral changes modify the activity pattern of dolphins the most. We modeled behavioral sequences of dusky dolphins with Markov chains. We calculated transition probabilities from one activity to another and arranged them in a stochastic matrix model. The proportion of time dolphins dedicated to a given activity (activity budget) and the time it took a dolphin to resume that activity after it had been abandoned (recurrence time) were calculated. We used a sensitivity analysis of Markov chains to calculate the sensitivity of the time budget and the activity-resumption time to changes in behavioral transition probabilities. Feeding-time budget was most sensitive to changes in the probability of dolphins switching from traveling to feeding behavior and of maintaining feeding behavior. Thus, an increase in these probabilities would be associated with the largest reduction in the time dedicated to feeding. A reduction in the probability of changing from traveling to feeding would also be associated with the largest increases in the time it takes dolphins to resume feeding. To approach dolphins when they are traveling would not affect behavior less because presence of the boat may keep dolphins from returning to feeding. Our results may help operators of dolphin-watching vessels minimize negative effects on dolphins.

  11. The development of social relationships, social support, and posttraumatic growth in a dragon boating team for breast cancer survivors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonough, Meghan H; Sabiston, Catherine M; Ullrich-French, Sarah

    2011-10-01

    Physical activity experiences may contribute to psychological and social wellbeing among breast cancer survivors. The main purpose of the current study was to qualitatively explore the development of social relationships, social support, and posttraumatic growth among breast cancer survivors participating in a dragon boat program over 19 months. Guided by interpretative phenomenological analysis (Smith, Flowers, & Larkin, 2009), semistructured interviews were conducted with 17 breast cancer survivors on five occasions over their first two seasons of dragon boating. Narrative accounts were developed for each participant, and four profiles emerged describing processes of social and posttraumatic growth development over time: "developing a feisty spirit of survivorship," "I don't want it to be just about me," "it's not about the pink it's about the paddling," and "hard to get close." Profiles were discussed in terms of developing social relationships and support, providing support to others, physicality and athleticism, and negative interactions and experiences.

  12. The PLC Control Design of Ship Boat Crane%舰船吊艇机的PLC控制设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吉哲; 任荣社; 余凤豪

    2012-01-01

    PLC控制相比传统的继电器控制更加可靠稳定。本文针对舰船吊艇机利用西门子S7—200型PLC设计了一种PLC控制线路,介绍了其功能和作用,并给出了吊艇机PLC控制的端子接线图、梯形图和对应语句表,具有一定的现实指导意义。%PLC control compared with the traditional relay control system is more reliable and stable. In this paper, the ship boat crane by using Siemens $7-200 PLC designed a PLC control circuit, and introduced its function and role, and gave the boat hoist machine PLC control terminal wiring diagram, ladder diagram and the corresponding statement list, had certain realistic directive significance.

  13. “We're All in the Same Boat”: A Review of the Benefits of Dragon Boat Racing for Women Living with Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan R. Harris

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This narrative review summarizes findings from quantitative and qualitative research literature that has been published over the past 15 years since an initial, community-based pilot study first challenged the long-held medical belief that vigorous, upper-body exercise would lead to lymphedema in women who were at risk due to treatments for breast cancer. Dragon boat racing originated in China more than 2000 years ago and has become a popular recreational and competitive support around the world. From the advent of the world's first breast cancer survivor dragon boat team, Abreast in a Boat launched in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1996, there are now more than 140 breast cancer survivor dragon boat teams paddling and competing in 12 different countries. The wealth of quantitative and qualitative research that has ensued since that pilot study further supports the initial hypothesis that resistance exercise, for example, dragon boat paddling, is not only safe for women recovering from conventional breast cancer therapies but also shows that dragon boating has been embraced as a complementary exercise therapy by the cancer survivors participating in this magical sport.

  14. Boats, cruises, planks and laddes: the Portuguese society under the intertextual perspective of Luís de Sttau Monteiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime dos Reis Sant'Anna

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to analyse Auto da barca do motor fora da borda (1966, by Luís de Sttau Monteiro, from the intertextual dialogue he does with Auto da barca do inferno (1517, by Gil Vicente. Boat and cruise are scenic signs used by authors to represent two historic moments in Por­tugal. However, in both instances, people who work for thrive the society cannot participate in your progress.

  15. 明代漕船%The Boat for Carrying Grain to the Capital of the Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱华

    2012-01-01

    在山东博物馆新馆《山东历史文化展——秦汉一明清》展厅里,陈列着1956年出土于山东省梁山县宋金故河道林姊河内的一艘明代大船。它看起来比较陈旧,可它是京杭大运河出土古船中年代用途最明确、保存最完整的明代漕船,距今有600多年的历史。%In the hall exhibiting the Chinese historic culture from the Q in and ,Han Dynasties to the Ming and QjngDynasties, there stands a large boat of the Ming Dynasty unearthed from the ancient course of Songjin River in Liangshan County, Shandong Province in 1956. It looks old. However, among the ancient boats unearthed from the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, it is a boat for carrying grain to the capital of the Ming Dynasty with the most obvious function and is also the most complete, though it can be dated back more than 600 years.

  16. Development of controllable pitch propeller mechanism for small high speed boats; Kogata kosokuteiyo kahen pitch propeller kiko no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, Y.; Shiba, H.; Inoue, R.; Mori, T. [Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-12-20

    For improving the navigating performance of racing boats, a controllable pitch propeller mechanism has been developed, capable of responding to changes in the propeller load and of making good use of the engine performance. The effort aimed at the optimization of the propeller load to follow changes in surrounding conditions such as weather and the resultant sea roughness, the engine performance, and at the improvement of acceleration features. The blade angle is made smaller for reduced torque absorption at a low engine speed and, as the engine gathers speed, the blade angle is changed to the optimum for rapid acceleration to the maximum boat speed. The blade angle is made smaller upon deceleration. The mechanism has been designed so that it may be added on a boat rigged with a fixed pitch propeller. The design enables a propeller to properly respond to changes in the propeller load without pre-run replacement or shape-changing work. When this propeller`s performance is optimized to match the engine characteristics, there will be a propelling device with its performance further advanced. This design expands the range of engine performance in which usable one may be found. 6 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  17. Adaptive Control of Small Outboard-Powered Boats for Survey Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanZwieten, T.S.; VanZwieten, J.H.; Fisher, A.D.

    2009-01-01

    Four autopilot controllers have been developed in this work that can both hold a desired heading and follow a straight line. These PID, adaptive PID, neuro-adaptive, and adaptive augmenting control algorithms have all been implemented into a numerical simulation of a 33-foot center console vessel with wind, waves, and current disturbances acting in the perpendicular (across-track) direction of the boat s desired trajectory. Each controller is tested for its ability to follow a desired heading in the presence of these disturbances and then to follow a straight line at two different throttle settings for the same disturbances. These controllers were tuned for an input thrust of 2000 N and all four controllers showed good performance with none of the controllers significantly outperforming the others when holding a constant heading and following a straight line at this engine thrust. Each controller was then tested for a reduced engine thrust of 1200 N per engine where each of the three adaptive controllers reduced heading error and across-track error by approximately 50% after a 300 second tuning period when compared to the fixed gain PID, showing that significant robustness to changes in throttle setting was gained by using an adaptive algorithm.

  18. The global health financing revolution: why maternal health is missing the boat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ooms, G; Hammonds, R; Richard, F; De Brouwere, V

    2012-01-01

    The first decade of the new millennium saw an upsurge in global financing for health. When the world took stock of progress on the Millennium Development Goals in mid-2010 the one addressing maternal health showed the least progress. Did maternal health miss the boat? In mid-2010 the Secretary-General of the United Nations launched a "Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health", also known as the "Every Woman Every Child" initiative. Has the tide now turned in favour of maternal health? The authors try to answer this question by first examining whether maternal health really missed out with respect to increased global funding and why this may have occurred. They then assess whether the new initiative will make a difference by comparing several elements of the approach taken by HIV/AIDS activist to that of maternal health activists. They suggest that real progress requires international financing, thus pledges must become robust and reliable commitments. They conclude that the absence of an organisational structure in the current initiative means the global maternal health financing revolution will probably not happen.

  19. The Telesupervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet (TAOSF) Architecture: Coordination of Multiple Oceanic Robot Boats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfes, Alberto; Podnar, Gregg W.; Dolan, John M.; Stancliff, Stephen; Lin, Ellie; Hosler, Jeffrey C.; Ames, Troy J.; Higinbotham, John; Moisan, John R.; Moisan, Tiffany A.; Kulczycki, Eric A.

    2008-01-01

    Earth science research must bridge the gap between the atmosphere and the ocean to foster understanding of Earth s climate and ecology. Ocean sensing is typically done with satellites, buoys, and crewed research ships. The limitations of these systems include the fact that satellites are often blocked by cloud cover, and buoys and ships have spatial coverage limitations. This paper describes a multi-robot science exploration software architecture and system called the Telesupervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet (TAOSF). TAOSF supervises and coordinates a group of robotic boats, the OASIS platforms, to enable in-situ study of phenomena in the ocean/atmosphere interface, as well as on the ocean surface and sub-surface. The OASIS platforms are extended deployment autonomous ocean surface vehicles, whose development is funded separately by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). TAOSF allows a human operator to effectively supervise and coordinate multiple robotic assets using a sliding autonomy control architecture, where the operating mode of the vessels ranges from autonomous control to teleoperated human control. TAOSF increases data-gathering effectiveness and science return while reducing demands on scientists for robotic asset tasking, control, and monitoring. The first field application chosen for TAOSF is the characterization of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs). We discuss the overall TAOSF architecture, describe field tests conducted under controlled conditions using rhodamine dye as a HAB simulant, present initial results from these tests, and outline the next steps in the development of TAOSF.

  20. Optimism system refrigerator hybrid power (solar cell + actuator motor to traditional fisherman boat in Makassar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soetyono Ch. Iskandar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Research of Pre-eminent Donation of This college aimed at energetic refrigerator system planning of hybrid (solar cell + actuator motor at inclusion ship of fish in coming, principal from this research is, exploiting of dissociation energy of diatomic is newest with usage of diesel fuel technology cell as coolant system actuator at actuator motor plus fisherman ship. This research program planned in a period of three years to design freezing device of energetic fish of hybrid (solarcell + actuator motor fisherman ship, yields storage device basis barium product of energetic fish of hybrid.In first year, does with refer to study study about base material refrigerator and solar cell and makes energetic refrigerator system prototype of solar (laboratory scale. In second year, does study to design energetic refrigerator of hybrid (solar cell + actuator motor with laboratory scale productively energetic refrigerator prototype of hybrid with laboratory scale. In third year, application of energetic refrigerator system of hybrid (solar cell + actuator motor at fisherman ship Poetere in Makassar, expected can push and motivates fisherman public in developing and applies this technology, causing can increase quality of produce of fish and at the same time increases fisherman public economics value without using again ice block to make cool fisherman fishing boat hold.

  1. extrap: Software to assist the selection of extrapolation methods for moving-boat ADCP streamflow measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, David S.

    2013-04-01

    Selection of the appropriate extrapolation methods for computing the discharge in the unmeasured top and bottom parts of a moving-boat acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) streamflow measurement is critical to the total discharge computation. The software tool, extrap, combines normalized velocity profiles from the entire cross section and multiple transects to determine a mean profile for the measurement. The use of an exponent derived from normalized data from the entire cross section is shown to be valid for application of the power velocity distribution law in the computation of the unmeasured discharge in a cross section. Selected statistics are combined with empirically derived criteria to automatically select the appropriate extrapolation methods. A graphical user interface (GUI) provides the user tools to visually evaluate the automatically selected extrapolation methods and manually change them, as necessary. The sensitivity of the total discharge to available extrapolation methods is presented in the GUI. Use of extrap by field hydrographers has demonstrated that extrap is a more accurate and efficient method of determining the appropriate extrapolation methods compared with tools currently (2012) provided in the ADCP manufacturers' software.

  2. Aerodynamic Characteristics of Three Deep-Stepped Planing-Tail Flying-Boat Hulls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riebe, John M.; Naeseth, Rodger L.

    1947-01-01

    An investigation was made in the Langley 300 MPH 7- by 10-foot tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of three deep-stepped planing-tail flying-boat hulls differing only in the amount of step fairing. The hulls were derived by increasing the unfaired step depth of a planing-tail hull of a previous aerodynamic investigation to a depth about 92 percent of the hull beam. Tests were also made on a transverse-stepped hull with an extended afterbody for the purpose of comparison and in order to extend and verify the results of a previous investigation. The investigation indicated that the extended afterbody hull had a minimum drag coefficient about the same as a conventional hull, 0.0066, and an angle-of-attack range for minimum drag coefficient of 0.0057 which was 14 percent less than the transverse stepped hull with extended afterbody; the hulls with step fairing had up to 44 percent less minimum drag coefficient than the transverse-stepped hull, or slightly more drag than a streamlined body having approximately the same length and volume. Longitudinal and lateral instability varied little with step fairing and was about the same as a conventional hull.

  3. Effects of deodorants on treatment of boat holding-tank waste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, William R.; Haley, Carol J.; Bridgeman, Phyllis; Goldstein, Stephen H.

    1991-05-01

    A literature search and survey of Virginia, USA, campgrounds with RV pump-out stations were used to determine whether boat holding-tank deodorant chemicals would have deleterious effects on marina septic systems or package treatment plants. Laboratory studies reported in the literature indicate that these chemical additives could affect septic system function in three ways: (1) active ingredients in the additives can impair sewage degradation in septic tanks, causing sludge buildup and overflow of solids into the drainfield, (2) additive chemicals might enter the drainfield and, in high enough concentrations, reduce the drainfield's ability to degrade waste, or (3) toxic additive chemicals might migrate from the drainfield to ground or surface water. Laboratory studies also show that some ingredients added to holding tanks interfere with functioning of activated sludge treatment process. Experience in the field and in other laboratory studies suggests that factors such as dilution of treated waste with untreated waste and the characteristics of the sewage to be treated can reduce the possibility of damage to septic and activated sludge systems. The campground owners surveyed indicated that they have few problems with their septic systems in spite of the presence of chemical additives in the RV waste. However, most of them practice good septic system maintenance and have devised other means of ensuring that their systems function efficiently. In addition, the survey indicates that most Virginia campgrounds get only seasonal use (as would marinas in Virginia), allowing their systems to recover between peak seasons.

  4. Occupational Therapy and the amazon riverside child victim of scalping by motor boat shaft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Dayse Braga Santos

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Although scalping is a recurrentaccident innorthern Brazil, there are still few studies on the subject. The aim of the present work was to report the occupational therapy procedure on the minimization of the occupational performance impairment of two riverside children that were victims of scalping by unprotected motor boat shaft, through the evaluation of occupational performance and exposure of the intervention performed. This is a case study with two scalped riverside girls hospitalized between April and June, 2013. The application of evaluation protocols verified changes in the areas of occupational performance, where activities of daily living (ADL such as dependence for bathing and ambulationare inserted; changesin the performance context, verified in the anxiety to be discharged from hospital; and changesin the performance component, with decreased self-esteem because of the change on their self-image. Reassessment after intervention showed improvement in the performance of ADL and self-image perceptionof both patients. Thereby it is believed that the development of the research allowed the contact with a theme that is so typical in the Braziliannorth region, stressing the importance of Occupational Therapy assistance, providing greater independence in the performance of ADL that are meaningful to each child.

  5. Dynamics of hourly sea level at Hillarys Boat Harbour, Western Australia: a chaos theory perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khatibi, Rahman; Ghorbani, Mohammad Ali; Aalami, Mohammad Taghi; Kocak, Kasim; Makarynskyy, Oleg; Makarynska, Dina; Aalinezhad, Mahdi

    2011-11-01

    Water level forecasting using recorded time series can provide a local modelling capability to facilitate local proactive management practices. To this end, hourly sea water level time series are investigated. The records collected at the Hillarys Boat Harbour, Western Australia, are investigated over the period of 2000 and 2002. Two modelling techniques are employed: low-dimensional dynamic model, known as the deterministic chaos theory, and genetic programming, GP. The phase space, which describes the evolution of the behaviour of a nonlinear system in time, was reconstructed using the delay-embedding theorem suggested by Takens. The presence of chaotic signals in the data was identified by the phase space reconstruction and correlation dimension methods, and also the predictability into the future was calculated by the largest Lyapunov exponent to be 437 h or 18 days into the future. The intercomparison of results of the local prediction and GP models shows that for this site-specific dataset, the local prediction model has a slight edge over GP. However, rather than recommending one technique over another, the paper promotes a pluralistic modelling culture, whereby different techniques should be tested to gain a specific insight from each of the models. This would enable a consensus to be drawn from a set of results rather than ignoring the individual insights provided by each model.

  6. Data processing and quality evaluation of a boat-based mobile laser scanning system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaaja, Matti; Kukko, Antero; Kaartinen, Harri; Kurkela, Matti; Kasvi, Elina; Flener, Claude; Hyyppä, Hannu; Hyyppä, Juha; Järvelä, Juha; Alho, Petteri

    2013-09-17

    Mobile mapping systems (MMSs) are used for mapping topographic and urban features which are difficult and time consuming to measure with other instruments. The benefits of MMSs include efficient data collection and versatile usability. This paper investigates the data processing steps and quality of a boat-based mobile mapping system (BoMMS) data for generating terrain and vegetation points in a river environment. Our aim in data processing was to filter noise points, detect shorelines as well as points below water surface and conduct ground point classification. Previous studies of BoMMS have investigated elevation accuracies and usability in detection of fluvial erosion and deposition areas. The new findings concerning BoMMS data are that the improved data processing approach allows for identification of multipath reflections and shoreline delineation. We demonstrate the possibility to measure bathymetry data in shallow (0-1 m) and clear water. Furthermore, we evaluate for the first time the accuracy of the BoMMS ground points classification compared to manually classified data. We also demonstrate the spatial variations of the ground point density and assess elevation and vertical accuracies of the BoMMS data.

  7. Unravelling the Origin of Dragon Boating on the Double Fifth Festival%端午龙舟竞渡滥觞之解谜

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向军; 方千华

    2015-01-01

    Through a literature study and logic analysis,the paper investigates the origin of dragon boating. The research shows that the relationship between the dragon boat and the bird has an earlier origin than that between the boat and the dragon,and that the predecessor of the dragon boat is the bird-dragon boat,which functions as a ritual artifact,a magic talisman and an entertainment tool. We hypothesize that boating on the Double Fifth Festival came into existence in the Eastern Han Dynasty during commemorations of Qu Yuan,with the location being in Miluo in Chu. This boating is earlier than the Dragon Boating. However,the worship of Qu Yuan and the customs of the Double Fifth Festival were only the ex-ternal environment of the boating. The internal condition was localist competition. A real dragon boat began to be built in the East Han Dynasty,but was only reserved for god riding. In reality people still used the bird-dragon boat. The use of the real dragon boat began in the early Tang Dynasty,mainly on the Double Fifth Festival. The reason for the use of the dragon boat lies in the dragon’s significant status and its symbolic meaning. The legend of commemoration of Qu Yuan is earlier than that of commemoration of Wu Zixu,Gou Jian and Cao E.%运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法对端午龙舟竞渡的起源进行考证。龙舟与鸟的关系比龙舟与龙的关系更早,龙舟的前身是鸟龙舟,集祭祀神器、巫术法器和娱乐工具等功能为一体;提出了“东汉时期端午纪念屈原的过程中产生了竞渡”的假说,起源地点在荆楚汨罗;端午竞渡先于端午龙舟竞渡;祭祀屈原、仲夏端午习俗都是竞渡产生的外部环境,内部原因实为地方主义竞争;确切的龙舟造型始于东汉,仅作为神仙坐骑,现实竞渡中仍使用鸟龙舟;确切的龙舟用于竞渡始于唐代初期,举办时间主要在端午节;竞渡用龙舟的理由是因为龙的显著地位及其象

  8. Estimation of performance of a high-speed boat by using the Rankine source method; Kosokutei no rankinsosuho ni yoru seino suitei ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eguchi, T. [Mitsui Engineering and Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    This paper describes estimation of performance of a high-speed boat by using the Rankine source method. An orthogonal coordinate system is considered, which uses the center of a hull as the zero point, and is made dimensionless by using the hull length. The catamaran boat or the single hull boat being the subject of the discussion is supposed to have a transom stern, and to be sailing at a constant speed in the -X direction. A governing equation and a border condition were formulated using disturbance speed potential and X-direction speed differentiation. An inverse specular image was employed as a specular image system upon considering attitude change in the high-speed boat. As to the division of hull surface, the portions protruded above the static water surface were cut off from among the panel data of boat CAD. Considering a high speed condition in which the water surface is completely separated at the transom section, the water level at the transom section was supposed to be at the same height as at the rear end of the hull. Blow-out intensity at the water surface was derived in such a way that a CAD panel of the rear end of the hull is searched and wave height agrees with the height of the transom in the Z direction. A resistance curve may be obtained easily by using a personal computer. 4 refs., 8 figs.

  9. Dermatological problems of asylum seekers arriving on boats: a case report from Australia and a brief review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Hui Mei; Kumarasinghe, Sujith Prasad

    2014-11-01

    Assessing the skin of asylum seekers, immigrants, migrant workers, tourists or even locals who return from abroad, can be a confronting task due to the possibility of such people having non-autochthonous diseases. Primary-care physicians and dermatologists need to have a systematic approach in the assessment of such dermatoses. This article describes an interesting case of possible kerosene-induced and diesel-induced skin injury in an asylum seeker arriving on a boat. Dermatological conditions in asylum seekers and a suggested template for skin assessment are discussed.

  10. The Effect of Spray Strips on a Model of the P3M-1 Flying Boat Hull

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, John R

    1933-01-01

    This note presents the results of a series of tests made in the N.A.C.A. tank on a one-sixth full-size model of the hull and side floats of the Navy P3M-1 flying boat for the purpose of finding a method of reducing the amount of spray thrown into the propellers of this craft when taking off and landing. The model was tested without spray strips and with five different spray-strip arrangements. The best arrangement was an improvement over the bare hull with no spray strips, but the improvement was not sufficient to be satisfactory with the propellers in the designed position.

  11. Empirical Fragility Analysis of Buildings and Boats Damaged By the 2011 Great East Japan Tsunami and Their Practical Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suppasri, A.; Charvet, I.; Leelawat, N.; Fukutani, Y.; Muhari, A.; Futami, T.; Imamura, F.

    2014-12-01

    This study focused in turn on detailed data of buildings and boats damage caused by the 2011 tsunami in order to understand its main causes and provide damage probability estimates. Tsunami-induced building damage data was collected from field surveys, and includes inundation depth, building material, number of stories and occupancy type for more than 80,000 buildings. Numerical simulations with high resolution bathymetry and topography data were conducted to obtain characteristic tsunami measures such as flow velocity. These data were analyzed using advanced statistical methods, ordinal regression analysis to create not only empirical 2D tsunami fragility curves, but also 3D tsunami fragility surfaces for the first time. The effect of floating debris was also considered, by using a binary indicator of debris impact based on the proximity of a structure from a debris source (i.e. washed away building). Both the 2D and 3D fragility analyses provided results for each different building damage level, and different topography. While 2D fragility curves provide easily interpretable results relating tsunami flow depth to damage probability for different damage levels, 3D fragility surfaces allow for several influential tsunami parameters to be taken into account thus reduce uncertainty in the probability estimations. More than 20,000 damaged boats were used in the analysis similar to the one carried out on the buildings. Detailed data for each boat comprises information on the damage ratio (paid value over insured value), tonnage, engine type, material type and damage classification. The 2D and 3D fragility analyses were developed using representative tsunami heights for each port obtained from field surveys and flow velocities obtained from the aforementioned simulations. The results are currently being adapted for practical disaster mitigation. They are being integrated with the probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis, in order to create offshore and onshore

  12. Toxicity of anti-fouling paints for use on ships and leisure boats to non-target organisms representing three trophic levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsson, Jenny; Ytreberg, Erik; Eklund, Britta

    2010-03-01

    Leachates of anti-fouling paints for use on ships and leisure boats are examined for their ecotoxicological potential. Paint leachates were produced in both 7 per thousand artificial (ASW) and natural seawater (NSW) and tested on three organisms, the bacterium Vibrio fischeri, the macroalga Ceramium tenuicorne, and the crustacean Nitocra spinipes. Generally, leaching in ASW produced a more toxic leachate and was up to 12 times more toxic to the organisms than was the corresponding NSW leachate. The toxicity could be explained by elevated concentrations of Cu and Zn in the ASW leachates. Of the NSW leachates, those from the ship paints were more toxic than those from leisure boat paints. The most toxic paint was the biocide-free leisure boat paint Micron Eco. This implies that substances other than added active agents (biocides) were responsible for the observed toxicity, which would not have been discovered without the use of biological tests.

  13. Bathymetric, Velocity, Streamflow, and Dissolved Oxygen Data on the Pee Dee River near Bostick Boat Landing, Florence County, South Carolina, May-August 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelton, John M.

    2009-01-01

    Santee Cooper is planning to construct an electricity generating station in southeastern Florence County near the Kingsburg community. As part of this project, a water-intake structure will be constructed on the Pee Dee River near the Bostick Boat Landing, which is located east of the intersection of State secondary roads S-21-57 and S-21-66. Velocity, bathymetric, and dissolved oxygen data are needed to help determine the location for the water-intake structure. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with Santee Cooper, collected these data at three different flow regimes during the period of May through August 2007. Data were collected along 15 transects located at 50-foot intervals starting 400 feet upstream from the boat landing and continuing to 300 feet downstream from the boat landing. All data were geographically referenced using a differentially corrected global positioning system (GPS).

  14. The effect of a whole body exercise programme and dragon boat training on arm volume and arm circumference in women treated for breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, K; Jespersen, D; McKenzie, D C

    2005-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a whole body exercise programme and dragon boat training on changes in arm volume in breast cancer survivors. A total of 16 female breast cancer survivors with no clinical history of lymphoedema volunteered. The 20-week exercise programme consisted of resistance and aerobic exercise with the addition of dragon boat training at week 8. Arm circumference at two sites (CIRC10, CIRC15), arm volume (VOL), and upper body strength (1-RM) were measured at baseline (T1), week 8 (T2), and week 20 (T3). All statistical tests were two-sided (alpha exercise programme and dragon boat training resulted in a significant increase in upper extremity volume over time. However, the changes were consistent for both arms and the significant gain in upper body muscular strength likely accounted for the increase in arm volume.

  15. Interconvertions between delta-lactam and delta-lactone derivatives initiated by unique transannular interactions of the rigid cyclohexane boat structure in pentacycloundecane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruger, Hendrik G; Martins, Frans J C; Viljoen, Agatha M

    2004-07-09

    The pentacycloundecane (PCU) cage structure resembles a perfect boat conformation, and for the first time unique lactam/lactone interconversions on the flagpole carbons of a cyclohexane boat structure are reported. The syntheses of a novel dihydroxy-PCU-delta-lactone and two novel N-substituted PCU-delta-lactams are reported. Hydrolysis of some of the PCU-delta-lactam compounds produced delta-lactones, and reaction of the lactones with ammonia or primary amines again produced delta-lactams. Reaction mechanisms to account for the unusual interconversion reactions induced by transannular interactions are proposed.

  16. 试析《迷舟》的历史人生观%History of Philosophy in The Lost Boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童玉; 杜吉刚

    2012-01-01

    《迷舟》是20世纪80年代后期我国先锋派作家格非的代表作,这部小说因其独特新颖的形式而备受学术界的赞誉。然而《迷舟》的“新”主要不在它的形式,更多的则在于作家通过新的叙事形式所表达的新的历史人生观。笔者试从新历史主义批评的角度,通过对作品四个主要叙事特征的分析,解读格非的历史人生观。%The lost boat is the representative work of GE Fei, one of avant - garde writers in the late nineteen eighties. The novel wins high academia praise because of its unique form. However, the originality of The Lost Boat is not mainly in its form, but more in its new narrative form which ex- presses new history of philosophy. Based on the theory of new historicism, the paper analyzes the four major narrative characteristics in the novel and interprets GE Fei' s philosophy.

  17. 石墨舟上下料机的研制%Development of Upper and Lower Machine of Graphite Boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳军

    2015-01-01

    太阳能作为一种新能源、绿色能源已经得到越来越广泛的应用。阐述了光伏电池生产线中石墨舟上下料机的整体吸盘设计、石墨舟精密定位技术、多轴机器人运动控制等关键技术。有效地解决了手工装片人数多,效率低,碎片率高的问题。劳动强度高。%Solar energy is a kind of new and pollution-free energy, has been used more and more widely. Expound the key technologies during photovoltaic cell production, including total cupula design of upper and lower machine of graphite boat, precision positioning technology of graphite boat, multi-axis motion control robot. The technologies effectively solve the problems which are high labor intensity by manual loading, low efficiency, and high rate of break.

  18. Using Rowers’ Perceptions of On-Water Stroke Success to Evaluate Sculling Catch Efficiency Variables via a Boat Instrumentation System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah-Kate Millar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: An effective catch in sculling is a critical determinant of boat velocity. This study used rowers’ performance-based judgments to compare three measures of catch slip efficiency. Two questions were addressed: (1 would rower-judged Yes strokes be faster than No strokes? and (2 which method of quantifying catch slip best reflected these judgements? Methods: Eight single scullers performed two 10-min blocks of sub maximal on-water rowing at 20 strokes per minute. Every 30 s, rowers reported either Yes or No about the quality of their stroke at the catch. Results: It was found that Yes strokes identified by rowers had, on average, a moderate effect advantage over No strokes with a standardised effect size of 0.43. In addition, a quicker time to positive acceleration best reflected the change in performance; where the standardised mean difference score of 0.57 for time to positive acceleration was larger than the scores of 0.47 for time to PowerLine force, and 0.35 for time to 30% peak pin force catch slip measures. For all eight rowers, Yes strokes corresponded to time to positive acceleration occurring earlier than No strokes. Conclusion: Rower judgements about successful strokes was linked to achieving a quicker time to positive acceleration, and may be of the most value in achieving a higher average boat velocity.

  19. Use of diesel engine and surface-piercing propeller to achieve fuel savings for inshore fishing boats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zainol, Ismail; Yaakob, Omar

    2016-06-01

    Fishing is a major local industry in Malaysia, particularly in rural areas. However, the rapidly increasing price of fuel is seriously affecting the industry's viability. At present, outboard petrol engines are the preferred choice for use in small-scale fishing boats because they deliver the advantages of high speed and low weight, they are easy to install, and they use minimal space. Petrol outboard engines are known to consume a greater amount of fuel than inboard diesel engines, but installing diesel engines with conventional submerged propellers in existing small-scale fishing boats is not economically viable because major hullform modifications and extra expenditure are required to achieve this. This study describes a proposal to enable reductions in fuel consumption by introducing the combined use of a diesel engine and surface-piercing propeller (SPP). An analysis of fuel consumption reduction is presented, together with an economic feasibility study. Resulting data reveal that the use of the proposed modifications would save 23.31 liters of fuel per trip (40.75 %) compared to outboard motors, equaling annual savings of RM 3962 per year.

  20. 35 m豪华观光游览船设计%Design of 35 m Luxury Sightseeing Boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李炎锋

    2014-01-01

    本文介绍一艘低速、游艇型的双体客船设计,叙述了该船为满足城市观光、游览、商务接待等使用要求而进行的设计,让读者了解该船型如何匹配城市风光和建筑特点,使一艘船能起到城市推介的媒体和平台的作用,突出旅游观光船成为城市代名片的设计理念。%The article presents a low-speed, type of passenger catamaran yacht design. Describing the special design for the vessel which meets requirements of city tours and excursions, as well as official reception, the paper is aimed at leading readers to understand how a boat can match the city landscape and architectural characteristics, so that it can recommend the city as a media and platform, projecting the design points that makes sightseeing boat into a city-generation business card.

  1. Toxicity of anti-fouling paints for use on ships and leisure boats to non-target organisms representing three trophic levels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karlsson, Jenny [Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Ytreberg, Erik, E-mail: erik.ytreberg@itm.su.s [Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Eklund, Britta [Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2010-03-15

    Leachates of anti-fouling paints for use on ships and leisure boats are examined for their ecotoxicological potential. Paint leachates were produced in both 7 per mille artificial (ASW) and natural seawater (NSW) and tested on three organisms, the bacterium Vibrio fischeri, the macroalga Ceramium tenuicorne, and the crustacean Nitocra spinipes. Generally, leaching in ASW produced a more toxic leachate and was up to 12 times more toxic to the organisms than was the corresponding NSW leachate. The toxicity could be explained by elevated concentrations of Cu and Zn in the ASW leachates. Of the NSW leachates, those from the ship paints were more toxic than those from leisure boat paints. The most toxic paint was the biocide-free leisure boat paint Micron Eco. This implies that substances other than added active agents (biocides) were responsible for the observed toxicity, which would not have been discovered without the use of biological tests. - Leachate from a biocide-free anti-fouling paint for leisure boat use was more toxic than leachates from ship paints.

  2. The Environmental Impacts of Boating; Proceedings of a Workshop held at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole MA USA, December 7 to 9, 1994.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-01

    turbulence, but in their larval stages they are big gelatinous creatures which might react very differently. Unlike many other planktonic organisms...engines; increased turbulence; shearing of plankton ; shorebird disturbance; and the biological effects of chemically treated wood used in dock and...peak seasons for boating and the occurrence of planktonic embryonic and larval stages of vertebrates and invertebrates in estuaries and coastal

  3. Three news on Guangdong Ancient Boat History%读三则广东古船信息有感

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何卫国

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, there are three important news about the Guangdong ancient boat history reported by the news media, including the broken porcelain waste in the Huangpu Old Port, and the sinking of the wooden sailing "Jinhuaxing" and the Guangzhou ancient shipwrecks. These facts are the evidence of glory shipping history of Guangdong and bustling of the Guangzhou Port.%黄埔古港破瓷废弃物、金华兴号木帆船沉没和广州发现古沉船等是近年新闻媒体报道广东船舶史的三则重要信息,通过对其的解读,感受到这些史实佐证了作为航运大省的广东以及繁华港市的广州昔日辉煌的一角。

  4. ANALISA PERUBAHAN KECEPATAN DAN KEKUATAN MEMANJANG AKIBAT PERUBAHAN BENTUK LAMBUNG PADA PATROL SPEED BOAT “GRASS CARP” DI RAWAPENING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Wibawa BS

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Pada penelitian ini, sebuah Fibreglass Patrol Speed Boat GRASS CARP yang dioperasikan di wilayah perairan Rawapening Kab. Semarang dihitung dan dianalisa kecepatannya menggunakan Maxsurf Hullspeed version 11.03 dan untuk analisa dan perhitungan kekuatan memanjang menggunakan Maxsurf Hidromax version 11.03. Perhitungan dan analisa kecepatan dilakukan untuk mengetahui hambatan total yang yang diterima baik kapal rancangan maupun kapal sesungguhnya, daya yang dibutuhkan untuk mencapai kecepatan maksimal yang sama dengan kapal rancangan yaitu 13 knot, serta penyebab terjadinya perbedaan kecepatan. Sedangkan analisa pada kekuatan memanjang dilakukan untuk mengetahui apakah GRASS CARP telah memenuhi syarat BKI dilihat dari segi tegangan perhitungan, faktor keamanan kondisi air tenang dan sagging serta hogging, dan nilai modulus serta momen inersianya.

  5. Quantitative risk assessment of the introduction of rabies into Japan through the illegal landing of dogs from Russian fishing boats in the ports of Hokkaido, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwan, Nigel C L; Ogawa, Hidehito; Yamada, Akio; Sugiura, Katsuaki

    2016-06-01

    Japan has been free from rabies since 1958 and various preventive measures are in place protecting the country from the introduction of the disease. Historical reviews indicate that the illegal landing of dogs from Russian fishing boats in the ports of Hokkaido occurred frequently especially in the early 2000s and this could potentially be a source of introduction of rabies into Japan. The method of scenario tree modelling was used and the following entry and exposure pathway was considered the most likely route of rabies entry: a rabies-infected dog arriving on a Russian fishing boat lands in a port of Hokkaido in Japan, it becomes infectious, contacts and infects a susceptible domestic animal (companion dog, stray dog or wildlife). Input parameter values were based on surveys of Russian fishermen, expert opinion and scientific data from the literature. At present (2006-2015), the probability of the introduction of rabies as a result of one Russian fishing boat arriving at a port of Hokkaido is 8.33×10(-10) (90% Prediction Interval (PI): 7.15×10(-11)-5.34×10(-9)), while this probability would have been 7.70×10(-9) (90% PI: 6.40×10(-10)-4.81×10(-8)) in the past (1998-2005). Under the current situation (average annual number of boat arrivals is 1106), rabies would enter Japan every 1,084,849 (90% PI: 169,215-20,188,348) years, while the disease would have been introduced every 18,309 (90% PI: 2929-220,048) years in the past (average annual number of boat arrivals is 7092). The risk of rabies introduction has decreased 59 fold due to both the effective control of the issue of illegal landing of dogs and the decline in the number of Russian boat arrivals. Control efforts include education of Russian fishermen, establishment of warning signs, daily patrols and regular port surveillance of potential dog landing activity. Furthermore, scenario analysis revealed that the policy of mandatory domestic dog vaccination does not contribute effectively to Japan's rabies

  6. Temperature and salinity profiles from CTD casts in Willapa Bay, Washington, from charter/fishing boats as part of the Pacific Northwest Coastal Ecosystem Regional Study (PNCERS) from 29 July 1997 to 10 September 1998 (NODC Accession 0000676)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — CTD and other data were collected from charter/fishing boats in Willapa Bay, Washington, from 29 July 1997 to 10 September 1998. Data were collected by the...

  7. Pilot project of a small 300 W fuel-cell-powered electrical boat; Projet pilote d'une petite embarcation mue par pile a combustible de 300 W

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Affolter, J.-F.

    2000-07-01

    The important demand at the European level for electrical boats shows the great interest for such a technology. We can expect an important growth of electric boats production. Thus, two means could be used to provide a maximum of comfort, reliability, silence, absence of pollution and respect of the environment: photovoltaics and fuel cells. The purpose of the present project is to explore the second solution. A small boat 'Hydroxy100' has been designed as first prototype in the field of a diploma work. A larger boat, 'Hydroxy300', with the use of a 300-watt PEFC fuel cell was realised and successfully presented at the international fuel cells meeting in Lucerne (June 99) and other occasions. The subject is also an excellent didactical application for the electrical degree students of our technical university. (author)

  8. Oceanographic profile plankton, Temperature Salinity and other measurements collected using bottle from VICTORIA 1 FISHING BOAT), ALEJERO HUMBOLDT and other platforms in the South Pacific, Coastal S Pacific and other locations from 1980 to 1982 (NODC Accession 0002083)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature, salinity and other measurements found in dataset OSD taken from the VICTORIA 1(FISHING BOAT), ALEJERO HUMBOLDT and other platforms in the South...

  9. A twist on facial selectivity of hydride reductions of cyclic ketones: twist-boat conformers in cyclohexanone, piperidone, and tropinone reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neufeldt, Sharon R; Jiménez-Osés, Gonzalo; Comins, Daniel L; Houk, K N

    2014-12-05

    The role of twist-boat conformers of cyclohexanones in hydride reductions was explored. The hydride reductions of a cis-2,6-disubstituted N-acylpiperidone, an N-acyltropinone, and tert-butylcyclohexanone by lithium aluminum hydride and by a bulky borohydride reagent were investigated computationally and compared to experiment. Our results indicate that in certain cases, factors such as substrate conformation, nucleophile bulkiness, and remote steric features can affect stereoselectivity in ways that are difficult to predict by the general Felkin-Anh model. In particular, we have calculated that a twist-boat conformation is relevant to the reactivity and facial selectivity of hydride reduction of cis-2,6-disubstituted N-acylpiperidones with a small hydride reagent (LiAlH4) but not with a bulky hydride (lithium triisopropylborohydride).

  10. On the Image of Boats in Su Shi’s Poetry%论苏轼词中的舟船意象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘来冬

    2016-01-01

    Su Shi’s life is a wandering life ,and he always displaced in constant banishment ,so the boat has become an indispensable means of transport in his life ,naturally it is often written in his poetry .Overall ,in Su Shi’s poetry ,the boat image approximately displays three kinds of beauty .The first is the beautiful scene of boats traveling on the clear lake .Boats become a part of the picture which shows a static and dynamic as well as virtual and realistic beauty .The sec-ond beautiful scene is boats traveling in the heart .Su Shi uses boats to express four kinds of emotion such as subtle spiri-tual world ,the sadness of leaving ,the state of detachment and wandering melancholy .The third beautiful scene is Boats traveling in the history river .The image of bats in Su Shi’s poetry not only has many flash ideas in history but also dis-plays the social customs in his time ,which has an important status in similar poetry creation for he inherits past traditions and breaks new grounds for the future .These three beautiful scenes have intertwined and constituted a colorful boats world in Su Shi’s poetry .%苏轼的一生是漂泊的一生,始终在不断的迁谪中流离,舟船就成为了他一生中离不开的交通工具,自然也成了他诗词中经常书写的对象。总的来看,在苏轼的词作中,舟船意象大致呈现出三类美:一是舟行碧波上的图画美,这类图画美是以舟船入景,把舟船作为欣赏的一部分,主要动静和虚实之分。二是舟行内心世界里的情感美,在苏轼的词中借舟船抒发了微妙的心灵世界、离别的伤感、超脱的境界、漂泊的愁绪四种情感。三是舟行于历史长河中的文化美,苏词中的舟船意象不仅带有传统文化中诸多闪光的思想理念,也表现了苏轼所处时代的社会风俗,并在同类诗词创作的历史传统中也具有承前启后的重要地位。这三种美相互交织构成苏轼词里色彩斑斓的舟船世界。

  11. RELATIONS OF DISTRIBUTION OF THE LOW SULPHUR SHIPPING FUELS IN REGION OF THE BALTIC SEA IN THE BUNKERING BOAT-SHIP SUPPLY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariusz Matejski

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents relations of distribution of the low sulphur marine fuels as result of being in force the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78, especially the record establishing the region of the Baltic Sea and the North See as sulphur emission control areas (SECA. There are presented obligatory regulations and their influence on sale of the particular kinds of fuels in this region. There are also presented chosen procedures of care about cargo in relation bunker boat – harbour – ship, the delivery fuel procedures in relation bunker boat–ship and the quantitative analysis of distributed fuels on an example of chosen bunker boat.

  12. The clean trip - Evaluation of green fuels in pleasure boats; Rena Turen - Utvaerdering av miljoeanpassade braenslen i fritidsbaatar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerne, Olof; Strandberg, Johan; Fridell, Erik; Peterson, Kjell; Allard, Ann-Sofie; Rydberg, Tomas (Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd., Stockholm (Sweden)); Vaske, Belinda; Jaegersten, Carl (Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden)); Oestman, Ninnie (Uppsala Univ., Uppsala (Sweden)); Eklund, Britta (ITM, Stockholm Univ., Stockholm (Sweden))

    2008-03-15

    This work examines alternative fuels in pleasure boat engines, their effect on engine performance as well as chemical and ecotoxicological characterisation of exhaust emissions to water and air. Three marine diesel engines and one outboard two stroke petrol engine were tested with standard fuels and 'green' fuels, that is for the diesel engine s; GTL (synthetic diesel) and biodiesel (rapeseed methyl ester, RME) and for the outboard engine; alkylate petrol and E85 (ethanol fuel). The outboard engine was converted for the ethanol fuel. GTL generated less particles, hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides than standard diesel. RME generated far less particles and hydrocarbons but slightly more nitrogen oxides. Cooling water from diesel engine s was toxic to zebra fish and crustaeans. GTL and RME generated cooling water that was less toxic to zebra fish compared to standard diesel. One litre of diesel produced 10-20 mg PAH, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, to the cooling water. The traditional two stroke outboard engines are by far the dominating source of emissions from the pleasure crafts. Standard petrol generates high concentrations of harmful pollutants such as benzene, PAHs and formaldehyde. One litre of standard petrol produced 2.3 g PAH in this survey. Alkylate petrol and ethanol fuel, E85, generated far less emissions. The emissions of PAHs from the Swedish pleasure boats annually are 50 tons or more in our estimations. Exhaust from two stroke outboard engines mixed in water is toxic to bacteria, algae and crustaceans. Standard petrol generated the most water toxic to bacteria and crustaceans. Alkylate petrol generated less toxic water to bacteria and crustaceans. For algae there was little difference between the fuels. Despite the fact that most of the fuel in the pleasure crafts are used in open sea, the effects of the emissions can be bigger in lakes and rivers. Traditional two stroke engines are used in lakes that are used for producing

  13. Tank Tests of a Model of One Hull of the Savoia S-55-X Flying Boat N.A.C.A. Model 46

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allison, John M

    1938-01-01

    A model of one of the twin hulls of the Italian Savoia S-55-X flying boat (N.A.C.A. Model 46) was tested in the N.A.C.A. tank according to the general method. The data obtained from these tests cover a broad range of speeds, loads, and trims and are given in nondimensional form to facilitate their use in applying this form of hull to any other flying boat or comparing it's performance with the performance of any other hulls. The results show that the resistance characteristics at best trim of this model are excellent throughout the speed range. In order to compare the performance of the S-55-X hull with that of the 35, a pointed-step hull developed at the N.A.C.A. tank, the data are used in the computations of take-off example of a twin-hull, 23,500-pound flying boat. The calculations show that the S-55-X hull has better take-off performance.

  14. Neutron star kicks by the gravitational tug-boat mechanism in asymmetric supernova explosions: progenitor and explosion dependence

    CERN Document Server

    Janka, H -Th

    2016-01-01

    Asymmetric mass ejection in the early phase of supernova (SN) explosions can impart a kick velocity to the new-born neutron star (NS). For neutrino-driven explosions the NS acceleration was shown to be mainly caused by the gravitational attraction of the anisotropically expelled inner ejecta, while hydrodynamic forces contribute on a subdominant level, and asymmetric neutrino emission plays only a secondary role. Two- and three-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations demonstrated that this gravitational tug-boat mechanism can explain the observed space velocities of young NSs up to more than 1000 km/s. Here, we discuss how the NS kick depends on the energy, ejecta mass, and asymmetry of the SN explosion, and which role the compactness of the pre-collapse stellar core plays for the momentum transfer to the NS. We also provide simple analytic expressions for the NS velocity in terms of these quantities. Referring to results of hydrodynamic simulations in the literature, we argue why within the discussed scenario o...

  15. Health of Chinese illegal immigrants who arrived by boat on the West Coast of Canada in 1999.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan, G Michael; Szafran, Olga

    2005-10-01

    This was a retrospective review and descriptive analysis of the findings from the medical screening examinations conducted on the illegal migrants from Fujian Province of China (n = 589) who arrived on four boats on the West Coast of Canada between June 14 and September 9, 1999. The Canadian Navy conducted a screening medical exam of the illegal migrants, with Health Canada and Citizenship and Immigration Canada providing suggestions on the format of the exam. The illegal Chinese migrants were predominantly young, male adults. The most prevalent medical conditions detected were dermatological (55.2%), dental problems (25%), trauma (9.2%), urogenital (7.6%), and head/neck (6.6%). Recently induced trauma was more prevalent among females (20.5%) than males (6.5%). One case of community-acquired pneumonia was identified and later diagnosed as active pulmonary tuberculosis. Physicians dealing with illegal migrants should look for unusual physical findings and have a higher clinical suspicion regarding infectious diseases (tuberculosis, scabies) and abuse. Future encounters with illegal migrants should include standardized immigration screening exams, with adequate history taking and follow-up.

  16. Current Status and Trend of Offshore-fishing Boat Lubricating Oil%近海渔船用油现状及趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张润香; 刘功德; 曹聪蕊; 邓军礼

    2015-01-01

    Numerous offshore-fishing boats are engaged in fishing operations in China, but its lubricating oil quality is at low level. The mainstream quality grade of offshore-fishing boat lubricating oil is CD in the market, and the physicochemical tar-gets of different company products are up to standard, the total base numbers are al greater than 7. 0 mgKOH/g, but the inner quality is not the same between these products because the manufacturers focus on different aspects. The fuel quality of offshore-fishing boat is bad, with high content sulfur especial y. Meanwhile fishermen have a limited knowledge, light consciousness of lubricating oil maintenance, and changing lubricating oil not in time. Those phenomena are common in the market. The market of offshore-fishing boat lubricating oil is huge, but the current lubricants developments are based on on-land diesel engine. Specific oil fitting the use condition of the engine of offshore-fishing boat better wil be pushed out in future.%我国近海渔船数量众多,用油水平总体偏低。目前市场主流油品为CD级别,主要厂家产品理化指标均合格,碱值均大于7.0 mgKOH/g,但产品内在质量略有不同,不同厂家产品关注点不一样。近海渔船燃油质量差,特别是硫含量高,而渔民油品知识有限,润滑油养护意识淡薄,换油不及时是市场普遍现象。近海渔船润滑油市场庞大,现有产品依据路上柴油机规格研制。未来可能出现专用产品,以更好的适用近海渔船的使用工况。

  17. 渔船氨水吸收式制冷系统的建模和理论运行特性分析%Simulation and theoretical operation characteristics analysis of ammonia-water absorption refrigeration system for fishing boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪锦; 顾锦鸿; 沈建

    2012-01-01

    根据渔船节能减排的需求,设计了一种新型的渔船氨水吸收式制冷系统,利用渔船余热实现渔船的制冰、蓄冷和工作区域供冷,解决了渔船上鱼类的保鲜和冷藏,改善船上工作环境.建立了渔船氨水吸收式制冷的热力学模型和性能评价指标,在此基础上采用序贯模块法迭代求解,实现了渔船氨水吸收式制冷系统的仿真,同时进一步研究了不同操作条件下制冷系统的运行特性,最终获得了烟气温度、流量和三通阀开度等参数变化时各用户端功率的变化规律.该系统模型可指导渔船制冷系统的功率分配,为优化渔船制冷系统的运行参数、实现低碳渔船提供理论基础.%A new type of fishing boat ammonia-water absorption refrigeration system considering the characteristics of fishing boat was designed.It drove by exhaust gas from the fishing boat's engine,it could realize ice-making,cool storage and environment cooling,the fishing boat refrigeration system could not only serve for fish cold storage and fish fresh-keeping,but also serve for fishing boat's environment cooling.The thermodynamic mathematical model and evaluation index for fishing boat ammonia-water absorption refrigeration system were established,the sequential modular approach was applied to solving ammonia-water absorption refrigeration system,so the simulation of ammonia-water absorption refrigeration system for fishing boat was realized.The refrigeration system's operation characteristics under different gas parameters and different three-way valve's operating conditions were investigated,Results shown that the system's operation characteristics could not only give fishing boat refrigeration system's power assignment,but also lay theoretical foundation for fishing boat refrigeration system's operation optimization and low carbon emission fishing boat.

  18. Techno-economic and sensitivity analysis for grid-connected renewable energy electric boat charging station in Terengganu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salleh N. A. S.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to encourage the eco-friendly technologies in transportation sector, the reliance on fuel need to be reduced and the use of renewable energy (RE technology as energy source are widely explored by researchers. Thus, this study focus on the feasibility of developing grid-connected renewable energy electric boat charging station for the fishermen in Terengganu using simulation-based method by HOMER software. Five year solar radiation and wind speed data were collected at Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UNISZA weather station. For load profile, the information about fishing activities and the amount of subsidy spent by the government were obtained from the interview session with the fishermen and validated with Lembaga Kemajuan Ikan Malaysia (LKIM. The results acquired are compared between grid-only and grid-connected RE systems in term of net present cost (NPC, operational cost and payback period. A sensitivity analysis is done to find the minimal Feed-in Tariff (FiT rate that can be implemented in order to encourage the use of RE system in this sector. Then, the relationship between FiT and NPC, payback period and emission of pollutants are analyzed. At current FiT rates RM 0.813/kWh, hybrid grid-PV system manages to achieve its optimal in generating high income from selling the power to the grid with convincing amount of electricity production and short payback period. It is concluded at minimum RM 0.56/kWh of FiT, the grid-connected RE system is possible to be developed because its performance shows better outcome compared to the grid-only system.

  19. Neutron Star Kicks by the Gravitational Tug-boat Mechanism in Asymmetric Supernova Explosions: Progenitor and Explosion Dependence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janka, Hans-Thomas

    2017-03-01

    Asymmetric mass ejection in the early phase of supernova (SN) explosions can impart a kick velocity to the new-born neutron star (NS). For neutrino-driven explosions the NS acceleration has been shown to be mainly caused by the gravitational attraction of the anisotropically expelled inner ejecta, while hydrodynamic forces contribute on a subdominant level, and asymmetric neutrino emission plays only a secondary role. Two- and three-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations have demonstrated that this gravitational tug-boat mechanism can explain the observed space velocities of young NSs up to more than 1000 km s‑1. Here, we discuss how the NS kick depends on the energy, ejecta mass, and asymmetry of the SN explosion, and what role the compactness of the pre-collapse stellar core plays for the momentum transfer to the NS. We also provide simple analytic expressions for the NS velocity in terms of these quantities. Referring to results of hydrodynamic simulations in the literature, we argue why, within the discussed scenario of NS acceleration, electron-capture SNe, low-mass Fe-core SNe, and ultra-stripped SNe can be expected to have considerably lower intrinsic NS kicks than core-collapse SNe of massive stellar cores. Our basic arguments also remain valid if progenitor stars possess large-scale asymmetries in their convective silicon and oxygen burning layers. Possible scenarios for spin-kick alignment are sketched. Much of our discussion stays on a conceptual and qualitative level, and more work is necessary on the numerical modeling side to determine the dependences of involved parameters, whose prescriptions will be needed for recipes that can be used to better describe NS kicks in binary evolution and population synthesis studies.

  20. Integrated synoptic surveys of the hydrodynamics and water-quality distributions in two Lake Michigan rivermouth mixing zones using an autonomous underwater vehicle and a manned boat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, P. Ryan; Reneau, Paul C.

    2014-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the National Monitoring Network for U.S. Coastal Waters and Tributaries, launched a pilot project in 2010 to determine the value of integrated synoptic surveys of rivermouths using autonomous underwater vehicle technology in response to a call for rivermouth research, which includes study domains that envelop both the fluvial and lacustrine boundaries of the rivermouth mixing zone. The pilot project was implemented at two Lake Michigan rivermouths with largely different scales, hydrodynamics, and settings, but employing primarily the same survey techniques and methods. The Milwaukee River Estuary Area of Concern (AOC) survey included measurements in the lower 2 to 3 miles of the Milwaukee, Menomonee, and Kinnickinnic Rivers and inner and outer Milwaukee Harbor. This estuary is situated in downtown Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and is the most populated basin that flows directly into Lake Michigan. In contrast, the Manitowoc rivermouth has a relatively small harbor separating the rivermouth from Lake Michigan, and the Manitowoc River Watershed is primarily agricultural. Both the Milwaukee and Manitowoc rivermouths are unregulated and allow free exchange of water with Lake Michigan. This pilot study of the Milwaukee River Estuary and Manitowoc rivermouth using an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) paired with a manned survey boat resulted in high spatial and temporal resolution datasets of basic water-quality parameter distributions and hydrodynamics. The AUV performed well in these environments and was found primarily well-suited for harbor and nearshore surveys of three-dimensional water-quality distributions. Both case studies revealed that the use of a manned boat equipped with an acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) and multiparameter sonde (and an optional flow-through water-quality sampling system) was the best option for riverine surveys. To ensure that the most accurate and highest resolution velocity data

  1. The Characteristics and Themes of Historical Documentary Boat School%历史纪录片《船政学堂》的叙述特色与旨归

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景秀明; 郭泰

    2016-01-01

    BoatSchool is the first documentary that shares annalistic style and synchronicity. From the perspective of“personality”, scholars at home and abroad have been making studies on“Boat School”and the less-known story of its students. This documentary possesses the following features: a combination of macroscopic and microscopic narration, which vividly reviews the hardships of its running process and brilliant achievements;focusing on“personality”, which shows the national concern of elites from“Boat School”in latter-day; learning from history, through which we can explore the right way to make China stronger by experience and lessons.%纪录片《船政学堂》首次以编年体与共时性兼备、中西文化学者共同讲述的国际化视角,从“人”的角度切入,来讲述船政学堂以及船政毕业生鲜为人知的故事。其叙述特色与旨归表现为:宏大叙事与微观叙事相互结合,再现了“船政学堂”办学的艰难历程与不俗成就;以人物叙事为中心,彰显了“船政学堂”为代表的近代精英的民族情怀;以史鉴今,透过“船政学堂”的办学历史探索近代中国图强的经验与教训。

  2. 海洋生态环境监测艇技术研究%Research on Marine Environment Ecological Monitoring Boat Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娜; 刘乃友; 葛颂

    2015-01-01

    The miniature marine environment ecological monitoring boat,which has advantages of integration,automation, systematization and intelligence,can satisfy the rapid and real -time requirements for marine environment monitoring.Compared with other methods such as buoys monitoring and station monitoring,monitoring boats can measure the parameters of water quality,sediment and pollution for any points within the crusing range.Monitoring boats can not only achieve periodic crusing monitoring,but also can make rapid response to emergency events.Meanwhile,it can also monitor the Land -based sewage outfall,marine source and the project on shore,and take account of both of the entire and important area.In this paper,the critical techniques of marine environment monitoring boats are reviewed,and the advantages and industrial prospect are given.%小型海洋生态环境监测艇具有集成化、自动化、系统化和智能化等优点,能够满足海洋环境监测快速、实时的要求,与浮标监测、岸站监测等监测方法相比,可以在巡航范围内的任意地点进行水质、底质和污染等环境参数的测量,不留死角。既可以在海上进行周期性巡航监测,又可以响应突发事件,快速应急,还能对陆源排污口、海上流动源及海岸工程等进行监测和污染源追踪,兼顾整体与重点区域。文中对小型海洋环境监测艇各关键技术进行总结,并展望了监测艇的优势和产业前景。

  3. A general tank test of a model of the hull of the Pem-1 flying boat including a special working chart for the determination of hull performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, John R

    1938-01-01

    The results of a general tank test of a 1/6 full-size model of the hull of the Pem-1 flying boat (N.A.C.A. model 18) are given in non-dimensional form. In addition to the usual curves, the results are presented in a new form that makes it possible to apply them more conveniently than in the forms previously used. The resistance was compared with that of N.A.C.A. models 11-C and 26(Sikorsky S-40) and was found to be generally less than the resistance of either.

  4. Synthesis and hybridization property of a boat-shaped pyranosyl nucleic acid containing an exocyclic methylene group in the sugar moiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Kazuto; Kodama, Tetsuya; Obika, Satoshi

    2015-01-01

    A boat-shaped pyranosyl nucleic acid (BsNA) having an exocyclic methylene group in the sugar moiety was synthesized to investigate the possibility that the axial H3' of original BsNA is the cause of its duplex destabilization. The synthesized BsNA analog was chemically stable against various nucleophiles. From the thermal stability of duplex oligonucleotides including the BsNA analog, it was found that the duplex-forming ability can be sensitive to the size of functional groups at the 3'-position.

  5. Tales From a Festival The Dragon Boat Festival, one of China's traditions, has a long history and many legends attached to it

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU LIAN

    2011-01-01

    The Dragon Boat Festival is the fifth day of the fifth month according to the Chinese lunar calendar.In 2011,it falls on June 6 of the solar calendar.The festival,which is celebrated by all Chinese,has a history of more than 2,500 years.As a popular ballad in ancient time goes:“The smell of rice dumpling spreads in the kitchen.The fragrance of mugwort leaves fills the whole house.Peach branches are decorated at the gate.Yellow wheat fills the eyes as you step out of the gate,” depicts how Chinese people celebrate the festival.

  6. 绿色环保近海渔船防污涂料的制备%Preparation of Environment-Friendly Antifouling Paints for Offshore Fishing Boat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈绍平; 国耀东; 康思波; 刘希燕; 蒋健明

    2012-01-01

    介绍了绿色环保近海渔船防污涂料的特点.采用自由基聚合制备了丙烯酸锌聚合物,经级差和方差分析后,确定了单体的浓度、反应温度、滴加时间、引发剂用量.经海水溶解性实验、海水干湿交替试验,确定了混合单体比例.制备了两类绿色环保近海渔船防污涂料,对防污涂料的影响因素进行了考察,确定了防污涂料浅海浸泡实验条件.防污涂料浅海浸泡实验结果表明,所制备的绿色环保近海渔船防污涂料34个月防污效果良好.防污涂料涂船试验表明,所制备的防污涂料可满足近海渔船的使用需求.%This article introduced the characteristics of the environment — friendly antifouling paints for offshore fishing boats. The zinc acrylate polymer was prepared by radical polymerization. The concentration of monomer, reaction temperature, the dropping time and the amount of initiator were determined after the a-nalysis of differentials and variance. The proportion of mixed monomers was determined by seawater solubility experiments and the alternative dry and wet test in seawater. Two types of green offshore fishing boat antifouling paints were prepared and the influencing factors were investigated to determine the conditions of antifouling coatings shallow immersion test. Antifouling coating shallow immersion test results indicated that the prepared green offshore fishing antifouling paint showed good antifouling property over 34 months. The test results on boat showed that antifouling paints prepared could meet the demand of offshore fishing boats user.

  7. 浅析中韩端午的别称与语源%On Nickname and Etymology of South Korean and Chinese Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文瑜

    2014-01-01

    China and South Korea since ancient times because inextricably linked to the political, economic, and cultural as-pects, which in many ways the two countries share a common culture and customs. Dragon Boat Festival is one of them. This article will discuss the two countries during the Dragon Boat nickname and etymology has done a listed and analyzed. Korean learners can make them understand and recognize.%中国与韩国因为自古代起就在政治、经济、文化等方面有着千丝万缕的联系,由此两国在很多方面都有着共同的文化风俗。端午节就是其中之一。本文仅就两国在端午节的别称与语源方面做了一个罗列与分析。使得韩语学习者可以对其有所了解和认识。

  8. Boating Accident Statistics

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Accident statistics available on the Coast Guard’s website by state, year, and one variable to obtain tables and/or graphs. Data from reports has been loaded for...

  9. Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建萍

    2011-01-01

    教学过程Warming up:Sing a song“Row,Row,Row your boat”设计意图:通过课前英文歌曲的热身活动,为学生的课堂学习营造轻松愉悦的氛围,同时做好知识上的准备。

  10. Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    DragonBoatFestivalTHEfifthdayofthefifthlunarmonthisatraditionalChinesefestivaldedicatedtothegreatpatrioticpoetQuYuanforhisdev...

  11. 2014 Recreational Boating Statistics

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — In 2014, the Coast Guard counted 4, 054 accidents that involved 610 deaths, 2, 678 injuries and approximately #39 million dollars of damage to property as a result o...

  12. 唐代端午诗中的节俗文化及其蕴含的人文关照%Festival Culture and Humanistic Care in Poems of Dragon Boat Festival in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于巧

    2015-01-01

    The Dragon Boat Festival started in the Spring & Autumn period and the Warring States period. It had two thousand years history. The Tang Dynasty is a transitional phase in the development of the Dragon Boat Festival. There is a vivid description of Festival customs from the Dragon Boat poem,such as food,items and activities in Dragon Boat Festival. The perspective of this festival folk culture contains the rich humanistic care,including,treasure and blessing of life,the mourning and sing praises of Qu Yuan,and emotional communication between people.%端午节始于春秋战国时期,时至今日已有两千多年的历史。唐代是端午节发展过程中的一个过渡阶段,从唐代端午诗中我们可以看到唐人对端午节俗的生动描写,有端午饮食、端午节物以及端午社交活动,透视这些节俗文化可见其蕴含着的浓厚的人文关照,不仅有对生命的珍爱和祈愿,对屈原的悼念和歌颂,更有人们之间紧密的情感交流。

  13. Boat ramp locations within the Columbia River Basin with associated recreational use, water quality measurements, and risk assessment data for zebra and quagga mussels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardiman, Jill M.; Holmberg, Glen S.; Elder, Nancy E.

    2015-01-01

    Aquatic invasive species are often transported between water bodies on boats or boat trailers, thus they are considered one of the primary vectors for new introductions of invasive species to a water body. This data set contains geographic positioning system locational data for boater access points, use data (i.e. recreational, fishing), water quality measurements (e.g. calcium concentrations, pH), risk assessment data, and other physical attributes (i.e. size, elevation) where available within the Columbia and Snake Rivers and throughout the Columbia River Basin. This work builds on an earlier body of work by Wells et al. 2011, Prioritizing Zebra and Quagga Mussel Monitoring in the Columbia River Basin (PDF link below), which provided much of the initial water quality, use information, and risk assessment data (categorical values for the risk of introduction and the risk of establishment). Updated information has been added by collecting additional data on use of water bodies, as well as combined categorical ranking methodology for identifying water bodies that may be high risk for both introduction and establishment of zebra and quagga mussels. This data is also related to a regional effort to contribute to the coordination of monitoring efforts for early detection of zebra and quagga mussels in the context of risk assessment data (CRBAIS weblink below). Data sets provided here include a service definition file, provided with a few reference layers within the region for viewing and an online map ( http://arcg.is/1LrNmBj) with some query options, a GIS shapefile (Child Item), and a tabular data set (csv file; Child Item). It is recommended that all users of this data thoroughly read the metadata files for data definitions, sources, and data limitations. It is recommended to use the online map link ( http://arcg.is/1LrNmBj) for a quick view of the data set and some basic query options.  Once on the ArcGIS online map, to view all the data layers click the show

  14. Influence of Dragon Boat Sport Curriculum Setting up on College Campus Sports Culture%龙舟运动课程的开设对高校校园体育文化的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵玉萍

    2014-01-01

    The dragon boat sport originated in China , it is a mass sports activities with strong ethnic characteristics with folk beliefs, and has a strong regional, mass and athletics.With the development of competitive sports, the dragon boat sport has become the Asian Games project successfully , the dragon boat sport is to develop for a long time, because its itself is the strong national characteristics and the spirit of solidarity , profound cultural connotation.This paper, through the literature review, logic analysis, expounds the origin of the dragon boat sport, discusses the intension of campus sports culture and education functions , expounds the opening of the dragon boat sport curriculum influence on campus sports culture .%龙舟运动起源于中国,是一项具有浓郁的民族特色的群众性体育活动带有民间信仰,具有很强的地域性、群众性和竞技性。随着竞技体育的发展,龙舟运动成功地成为了亚运会项目,龙舟运动之所以能够长久的发展下去,是因为其本身所具有的浓厚的民族特色和那种团结拼搏的精神,有着深厚的文化内涵。本文通过文献资料法、逻辑分析法阐述了龙舟运动的起源,探讨了校园体育文化的内涵及教育功能,阐述了龙舟运动课程的开设对校园体育文化的影响。

  15. Evaluation of the National Register Eligibility of the M/V Fox, an Historic Boat in LaFourche Parish, Louisiana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-07-03

    state of Louisiana (LATELCO 1980:42). Merchants conducted a thriving business , and a large trade resulted during winter months when traders on boats...area. Fields planted his lands on both sides of the bayou, and owned and managed a commercial barge line that transported sugar and molasses to the New...00.o V 40 *4 go .4’ 6 V0 4W0 Wc4 he Ah 0% 4 c Cfa3 Aj VV 0 0% 0M o V66V w2 he V2 Q V 190 4 Vce . 0, ’c (a6 0 C 41 USa.awC .4.4~4 -4 >1.184 *. 4 C - P

  16. QRev—Software for computation and quality assurance of acoustic doppler current profiler moving-boat streamflow measurements—User’s manual for version 2.8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, David S.

    2016-05-12

    The software program, QRev computes the discharge from moving-boat acoustic Doppler current profiler measurements using data collected with any of the Teledyne RD Instrument or SonTek bottom tracking acoustic Doppler current profilers. The computation of discharge is independent of the manufacturer of the acoustic Doppler current profiler because QRev applies consistent algorithms independent of the data source. In addition, QRev automates filtering and quality checking of the collected data and provides feedback to the user of potential quality issues with the measurement. Various statistics and characteristics of the measurement, in addition to a simple uncertainty assessment are provided to the user to assist them in properly rating the measurement. QRev saves an extensible markup language file that can be imported into databases or electronic field notes software. The user interacts with QRev through a tablet-friendly graphical user interface. This report is the manual for version 2.8 of QRev.

  17. Design of Heat Pipe Type Adsorption Ice Maker for Fishing Boats%热管型船用吸附制冰机的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽伟; 王如竹; 夏再忠; 吴静怡

    2005-01-01

    A heat pipe type adsorption ice maker with two adsorbers for fishing boats is designed by using ammonia as refrigerant and compound of activated carbon-CaCl2 as adsorbent. This type of heat pipe adsorber can solve the problem of incompatibility between ammonia, copper, seawater and steel. The working process of the ice maker with 8.7kg adsorbent per bed is simulated. The results show that the optimal semi-cycle time is about 9min at the evaporating temperature of -15℃, where the corresponding cooling power, specific cooling power per kilogram adsorbent SCP and coefficient of refrigerant performance COP are respectively 3.6 kW, 217W·kg-1 and 0.404.

  18. 龙舟精神与嘉兴城市文化建设的互动研究%The Interactive Research on Dragon Boat Spirit and Jiaxing City Cultural Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩捷

    2012-01-01

    龙舟精神作为嘉兴端午民俗文化建设的一部分,在嘉兴城市文化建设中发挥了越来越重要的作用。随着嘉兴经济文化的发展,对非物质文化遗产的保护逐渐重视,龙舟精神作为嘉兴端午民俗文化的重要组成部分,其作用不容小觑。课题组通过实地调查和二手资料的查阅,采用SWOT(优势、劣势、机会、威胁)方法对嘉兴龙舟开展的现状进行了分析。主要阐述了龙舟精神在嘉兴城市建设中的地位、作用、价值体现,嘉兴城市文化建设对龙舟精神的影响,龙舟精神与嘉兴城市文化建设的协调发展三方面的内容,以求能为相关部门制定政策提供一定的借鉴作用。%Dragon boat spirit as part of the construction of Jiaxing festival Folk culture,has played more and more important role in Jiaxing city cultural construction.As Jiaxing economic and cultural developing,the protection of intangible cultural heritage is to be pay more attention,the dragon boat spirit as an important part of Jiaxing festival Folk culture,its role should not be underestimated.Inspection through surveys and secondary sources,the research group used the SWOT(strengths,weaknesses,opportunities,threats) method to analysis Jiaxing dragon boat's current developments.The paper mainly elaborated dragon boat spirit's status,role,value embodied in Jiaxing city construction,Jiaxing city cultural construction how to impact the dragon boat spirit,the dragon boat spirit and Jiaxing city construction coordinated development,and hope it will give good advice to the relevant departments.

  19. ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, HABITAT, Displacement Volume, TAXONOMIC CODE and other tows and trawl data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-17 to 2003-08-08 (NODC Accession 0115265)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115265 includes tows, biological and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN during cruises GP0108,...

  20. HABITAT, WATER TEMPERATURE, cloud amount/frequency and WIND SPEED tows and trawl data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-17 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115264)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115264 includes meteorological, tows, biological, physical and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN...

  1. Current components, water pressure, physical, and other data from moored current meters, pressure gauges, and CTD casts from CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and other platforms from the Bering Sea - Coastal Waters of Western Alaska and other locations from 14 May 1989 to 06 October 1989 (NCEI Accession 9000278)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Current components, water pressure, physical, and other data were collected from moored current meters, pressure gauges, and CTD casts from CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and...

  2. STOMACH CONTENTS - FULLNESS, WATER TEMPERATURE, STOMACH CONTENTS - PREY COUNT, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and other fish examination data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and MF0310 as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2003-08-08 (NODC Accession 0115262)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115262 includes biological, fish examination and physical data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and MF0310...

  3. HABITAT, WATER TEMPERATURE, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and INDIVIDUAL FISH EXAMINATION - AGE fish examination data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115263)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115263 includes fish examination, biological and physical data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01,...

  4. SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - ORGANISM LENGTH and SPECIES IDENTIFICATION fish examination data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-18 (NODC Accession 0113968)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113968 includes biological and fish examination data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208, SE0005...

  5. SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - ORGANISM LENGTH, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, WATER DEPTH, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE and other fish examination data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115200)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115200 includes meteorological, fish examination and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01,...

  6. HABITAT, WATER TEMPERATURE, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, cloud amount/frequency and other trawl data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115261)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115261 includes meteorological, biological, physical and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01,...

  7. WATER DEPTH, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE, species abundance and SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - WET WEIGHT trawl data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-18 (NODC Accession 0114641)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0114641 includes meteorological, biological and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208,...

  8. INDIVIDUAL FISH EXAMINATION - WEIGHT, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE and SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - SEX fish examination data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-18 (NODC Accession 0114242)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0114242 includes fish examination and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208, SE0005...

  9. CHLOROPHYLL A, SALINITY, WATER TEMPERATURE, FLUORESCENCE and SIGMA-T profile data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-17 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0113921)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113921 includes profile, biological and physical data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN during cruises GP0108,...

  10. 一种内河顶推船队的引航控制模型%A Pilot Control Model of Inland Pushing Boats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟军敏; 邹早建; 黄立文

    2011-01-01

    引航控制模型是考虑了人在控制闭环中作用的船舶自动引航模型,它不同于精确控制航迹或者航向的自动舵控制模型,重点在于量化和探索船舶驾引知识和经验.它是港口航道设计和安全评估经常采用的快时模拟的基础.基于模糊推理方法,结合系列内河船队操纵性实测数据与实际操船经验,设计出一种仿真智能的内河顶推船队引航控制模型,并以某顶推船队为原型,进行了仿真试验.结果表明:引航控制建模方法,包括隶属度函数和推理规则的确定能忠实地反映人员操舵控制过程.这种建模方法可为快时模拟论证等工作提供理论和技术支持.%Pilot Control Model(PCM)is an autopilot model of vessel, in which the effect of man in-the- loop during pilotage is taken into account. The model aims to discover and integrate pilot knowledge and experience instead of focusing on precise control of ship trajectory or heading. It is the basis of Fast Time Simulation (FTS) for port channel design and traffic risk assessment. A PCM for inland pushing boats is presented, which is a fuzzy inference model combined with data and piloting experiences from serial full scale tests of barge trains. As a case study, a prototype of pushing boats in the Yangtze River is simulated. The results show that the model constructing method including the determination of membership Function of input/output and control rule, can truly reflect man controlled process of steering operation and support the work of FTS.

  11. 渔船余热朗肯-朗肯制冰系统研究%Research on Rankine-Rankine Ice Making System Using Fishing Boats Waste Heat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卜宪标; 王令宝; 李华山

    2013-01-01

      为有效利用渔船烟气和冷却水的余热,本文采用有机朗肯-朗肯系统进行制冰,建立了系统的热力学模型,研究了系统的性能参数和影响因素,评价了单位质量热水以及单位功率热源的制冰能力。结果表明:余热温度和冷凝温度对系统性能有重要影响,而冷凝器的过冷温度对系统性能的影响很小。在热源温度为100℃,冷凝温度为40℃时,每吨热水的制冰量为86.4kg/t,单位功率余热每小时的制冰量为2.27kg/(kW· h),论证了有机朗肯-朗肯循环系统用于渔船余热制冰的可行性。%To efficiently utilize the waste heat from fishing boats , the organic Rankine-Rankine cycle system was employed to generate ice .A thermodynamic model was developed , and the system performance parameters and influencing factors were re-searched and the ice making capacity from unit mass hot water and unit power heat source are evaluated .The results show that the temperature of heat source and condensation have an important influence on the system performance ;however ,the supercooling of condenser has not .The ice quantity generated from per ton hot water is 86.4 kg,and the ice-making rate for unit power hot source is 2.27kg/(kW· h),when the temperature of hot water and condensation are 100℃and 40℃.A conclusion is draw by the cal-culation and analysis that using organic Rankine-Rankine cycle for ice making from fishing boats waste heat is feasible .

  12. The Role of the Dragon Boat Festival in the Ideological and Political Education%端午节在思想政治教育中的作用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周娟; 李红琼

    2016-01-01

    通过调查发现人们面对外来文化的冲击,对中国端午节日文化存在误解,对端午习俗的记忆与感知逐渐淡漠。造成这种局面出现主要是因为过分强调为国奉献的屈原精神,而忽视了端午节日文化更深层次的文化意蕴。因此为了解决当前思想政治教育包括大学生思想政治教育在内面临的困境,研究端午节日文化对促进思想政治教育的贡献显得极其重要。%Through the survey found that people in the face of the impact of foreign culture, the Chinese Dragon Boat Festival cultural misunderstanding, the customs of the Dragon Boat Festival, the memory and perception gradually indifferent. This situation is mainly due to the excessive emphasis on the dedication of the Qu Yuan spirit of the country, while ignoring the cul-tural connotation of the Dragon Boat Festival festival, a deeper level of culture. Therefore, in order to solve the current ideol-ogical and political education, including college students ideological and political education, it is very important to study the contribution of the Dragon Boat Festival Culture to promote the ideological and political education.

  13. Study on characteristics of response to nodal vibration in a main hull of a large-size ferry boat; Ogata feri no shusentai yodo oto tokusei ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takimoto, T.; Yamamoto, A.; Kasuda, T.; Yanagi, K. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-04-10

    Demand for reduction in vibration and noise in large-size ferry boats has been severer in recent years. On the other hand, vibration exciting force in main engines and propellers is on an increasing trend in association with increase in speed and horsepower. A large-size ferry boat uses an intermediate-speed diesel engine which has high vibration exciting frequency. Therefore, discussions were given on characteristics of response to nodal vibration in a main hull induced by primary internal moment in a main engine in a large-size ferry boat mounting an intermediate speed main engine. Results of detailed vibration calculations, vibration experiments using an actual ship, and results of measurements were used for the discussions. Natural frequency for two-node vibration above and below the main hull was set for an equation of estimation such that the whole ship is hypothesized to have been structured with beams having the same cross section according to the Todd`s equation, and effect of rigidity of the long structure can be evaluated. Parameters were derived by using the minimum square method that uses the measured natural frequency of the ship A through the ship E among large-size ferry boats. The derived result may be summarized as follows: this equation of estimation has an estimation error of about 5% against the natural frequency for nodal vibration above and below the main hull; and this equation of estimation has an estimation error of about 30% against the acceleration in the vertical direction at the end of the stern. 2 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  14. 从彩索到香包——简论端午丝帛饰品的发展演变%Development and Evolution of The Dragon Boat Festival Ornaments --from Colorful Thread to Sachet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓红

    2012-01-01

    戴彩索、佩香包是我国端午节的重要习俗之一。端午丝帛佩饰的发展演变经历了材料和造型从简单到复杂,功能和用法从单一到复合的过程。汉代出现的彩索是最早的端午饰品,也是其他佩饰的源头;唐宋时端午饰品种类丰富,造型、材料和佩戴方式多样化,出现了簪戴于头的钗符、艾虎和艾花等;明清承袭前代而有创新,产生了装有药料的雄黄荷包、五丝囊等;现代香包兼融传统端午饰品和日常香囊而更具装饰性。%Wearing colorful thread and carrying sachet is an important custom of dragon boat festival. Dragon boat festival silk accessory experienced a simple-to-complex transformation in materials and design, and single-to-compound change in function and usage. Colorful thread, the earliest dragon boat festival ornament, is the source of other ornaments. In the Tang and Song Dynasties, the ornaments are more rich and diverse in material, style and wearing mode (especially represented in the headwear such as Chaifu, Mugwort tiger and Mugwort flower). In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the Realgar bags and colorful bags containing drug material appeared. Modern dragon festival sachets have more decorative property integrating both the traditional dragon boat ornaments and daily spices bags.

  15. 泉州市渔船历史沿革及今后发展方向%A review and outlook of the development of fishing boats in Quanzhou, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄前程; 苏新红

    2011-01-01

    渔船是渔民出海捕鱼的主要工具。从古至今,泉州海洋捕捞渔船的发展历程经历了三个阶段:木帆渔船时期、机帆渔船时期、钢质渔船时期。本文在对三种类型渔船发展历史沿革进行回顾的同时,重点对近20年来钢质渔船的发展变化进行总结,并对渔船目前存在的问题及今后的发展方向进行探讨。%Fish boats are the main tools of fishing for fisherman. Throughout history, the development process of marine fishing vessel in Quanzbeu can be divided into three phases: wooden sailing ship phase, fishing motor sailer phase and steel fishing vessel phase. The paper reviewed the development history of three kinds of fish boats, put emphasis on the conclusion in develop- ment and changes of steel fishing vessel in the period of the last twenty years, and discussed the existing problems of fish boats and development direction in the future.

  16. The Brief Analysis of the Dragon Boat Festival in Datong Area---A Case Study of Hunyuan County%大同地区的端午节习俗--以浑源县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志芳

    2016-01-01

    As one of the traditional Chinese Dragon Boat Festival, which itself is very rich in cultural connotation, and in Hunyuan of Datong which used to be the border of Hu and Han people, the Dragon Boat Festival has unique geographical characteristics. Therefore, I choose Hunyuan as a research object, andyzed in detail in terms of the local origins of the Dragon Boat Festival customs, rituals, influence, so as to reveal the overall features of changes, and the significant impact on the local cultural heritage and economic development.%端午节作为中国传统节日之一,其本身的文化内涵就非常丰富,而处于胡汉交界地区的大同浑源县,其端午习俗更富有独特的地域特色。因此,笔者选择浑源县作为研究端午节俗的突破对象,从当地端午习俗的源流、仪式、影响等方面具体分析,以点见面,揭示大同地区端午节俗的整体变迁特点,及其对当地文化传承和经济发展的重大影响。

  17. The Cultural Interpretation on the Images of Boats in"the Fu on Qu Yuan"%屈赋舟船意象的文化阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何桂芬; 吴广平

    2015-01-01

    Boat images in Qu Yuan's works have an unique emotional life, rich culture, profound spiritual connotation, from secular to art, practical and aesthetic leap. It carries real relationships, to depict the poet's complex mind world in journey, condenses the spiritual substance of Jingchu culture, always accompanied by poet constantly seeking diligently, embodies the poet's life busy with fall, pursuit and choice, drifting and sorrow, loneliness and heave a deep sigh.%屈赋中的舟船意象有着独特的生命情感、丰厚的文化底蕴、深刻的精神内涵,完成了从世俗到艺术、实用到审美的惊艳跳跃。它承载着现实的人际关系,描摹着诗人漂泊旅途中复杂的心灵世界,凝聚了荆楚文化的精神内质,始终伴随着诗人不断求索的殷勤脚步,寄寓了诗人一生的繁华与离落、追求与抉择、漂泊与愁苦、孤独与太息。

  18. On Chinese Image and its significance of Boat to China%《去中国的小船》之中国人形象及其意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张淑婧

    2015-01-01

    Boat to China focuses on the story of three Chinese people and “I”met accidently.As the he-ro in this work,the image of three Chinese people by Haruki Murakami express their guilt to Chinese peo-ple rather than by Chinese people’s encounter to express their feelings,and to reveal the selfishness of hu-man nature and the status quo of the omission.%《去中国的小船》主要讲述了三个与“我”不期而遇的中国人的故事。村上春树借笔下的三个中国人形象,与其说表达了其对中国人的愧疚,不如说其借中国人的遭遇,寄托了自己的情感,并借此揭露了人性的自私及安于现状的不作为。

  19. A study of a steering system algorithm for pleasure boats based on stability analysis of a human-machine system model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikeda, Fujio; Toyama, Shigehiro; Ishiduki, Souta; Seta, Hiroaki

    2016-09-01

    Maritime accidents of small ships continue to increase in number. One of the major factors is poor manoeuvrability of the Manual Hydraulic Steering Mechanism (MHSM) in common use. The manoeuvrability can be improved by using the Electronic Control Steering Mechanism (ECSM). This paper conducts stability analyses of a pleasure boat controlled by human models in view of path following on a target course, in order to establish design guidelines for the ECSM. First, to analyse the stability region, the research derives the linear approximated model in a planar global coordinate system. Then, several human models are assumed to develop closed-loop human-machine controlled systems. These human models include basic proportional, derivative, integral and time-delay actions. The stability analysis simulations for those human-machine systems are carried out. The results show that the stability region tends to spread as a ship's velocity increases in the case of the basic proportional human model. The derivative action and time-delay action of human models are effective in spreading the stability region in their respective ranges of frontal gazing points.

  20. 远洋金枪鱼围网渔船总布置特征%General Arrangement Features for Pelagic Fishing Boat of Tuna Purse Net

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙文志; 卢振义; 张维英; 李明; 刁有明

    2011-01-01

    在收集一些实船图纸资料,实船调查、总结和分析的基础上,阐述了远洋金枪鱼围网渔船总布置的基本原则及其特征,同时根据远洋金枪鱼围网渔船的渔捞作业特点,说明了渔捞设备布置形式和作业流程,以及"内胆式"浓盐水舱速冻作业流程及其特点.可为远洋金枪鱼围网渔船总布置设计提供参考.%The basic principles and features of general arrangement of pelagic tuna purse net are expounded based on collecting some drawing and deep investigation on existed ships. According to the operating characteristics of tuna purse net, the general form of fishing equipment and technological process are also presented and the quick-freezes operation technological process and their characteristics of brine cabin which form is lining are depicted. It provides a reference model for pelagic fishing boat of tuna purse net general arrangement design.

  1. Episodic Disturbance from Boat Anchoring Is a Major Contributor to, but Does Not Alter the Trajectory of, Long-Term Coral Reef Decline.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham E Forrester

    Full Text Available Isolating the relative effects of episodic disturbances and chronic stressors on long-term community change is challenging. We assessed the impact of an episodic disturbance associated with human visitation (boat anchoring relative to other drivers of long-term change on coral reefs. A one-time anchoring event at Crab Cove, British Virgin Islands, in 2004 caused rapid losses of coral and reef structural complexity that were equal to the cumulative decline over 23 years observed at an adjacent site. The abundance of small site-attached reef fishes dropped by approximately one quarter after the anchoring event, but this drop was not immediate and only fully apparent two years after the anchoring event. There was no obvious recovery from the impact, and no evidence that this episodic impact accelerated or retarded subsequent declines from other causes. This apparent lack of synergism between the effect of this episodic human impact and other chronic stressors is consistent with the few other long-term studies of episodic impacts, and suggests that action to mitigate anchor damage should yield predictable benefits.

  2. Research on Communication and Navigation Equipment Standard for Chinese Fishing Boat%我国渔船通导设备标准研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宣杰; 石瑞; 曹建军

    2012-01-01

    文章从不同的角度对现有的渔船通导设备产品标准进行分析,剖析现有产品标准在制修订中存在的问题,如缺乏行之有效的管理标准及渔船通导设备产品标准制定参数较低、标准标龄较老等。针对这些问题提出解决方法,包括技术参数标准和管理标准应该“双管齐下”、渔船通导产品标准参数必须严格把关、加强我国渔船通导产品标准的整合及加强对于渔船通导产品的环境标准的更新修订。%The fishing boat communication and navigation equipment product quality standard is one of the most indispensable foundation documents to the safe operation and the essential operation for the fishermen out sailing. This article analyzes the problems during the revision of product quality standard from various angles and aims at these problems puts forward the solving method.

  3. What Makes a Literary Translation Obsolete? Contrastive analysis of culture-specific expressions in two translations of Jerome K. Jerome’s Three Men in a Boat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Grahek Križnar

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available It rarely happens that a literary work is translated twice into Slovenian. The elements in a text that tie it most strongly to its temporal, social and cultural background are culture-specific concepts. They would be the first to sound archaic, even incomprehensible to the contemporary reader. Based on the contrastive analysis of the two Slovenian translations of Jerome K. Jerome’s travelogue, Three Men in a Boat, the study tries to clarify what stimulated the second translation thirty-five years after the first one. The first translation by Avgust Petrišič was published in 1952, the second by Maja Kraigher thirty-five years later. In view of the fact that languages undergo constant changes, did the translations of culture-specific concepts in the first translation become too archaic, even incomprehensible? Or did the strategies and norms for dealing with culturespecific concepts at the time of the first translation become dated? The results may help to explain why some translations become obsolete and what motivates the appearance of new ones.

  4. 河蟹养殖自动作业船导航控制系统设计与测试%Design and experiment of navigation control system of automatic operation boat in river crab culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵德安; 罗吉; 孙月平; 洪剑青; 张军

    2016-01-01

    culture operation boat based on ARM (advanced RISC machine) and GPS/INS (global positioning system/inertial navigation system) integrated navigation. The system was mainly composed of ARM controller, GPS/INS integrated navigation devices, GPRS (general packet radio service) communication device, aquatic plant cleaning device, automatic feeding device and paddle wheel driving device. In automatic navigation mode, the ARM controller firstly received and processed the navigation data including position, course and speed from the GPS/INS devices. PWM (pulse width modulation) module and GPIO (general purpose input output) module were called to control the boat sailing, aquatic plant cleaning and automatic feeding simultaneously. The host computer communicated with the ARM controller via GPRS device to monitor the real-time operating status of the ship borne subsystem remotely. In order to simplify the complexity of the traditional calculation method of channel position based on finite target points and reduce channel deviation error of the boat, this paper proposed a new calculation method based on real-time inserting points. This method calculated the current target position of the boat real-timely according to the position of the boat and the turning points of current channel. A new turning and channel switching strategy was also presented in this paper to improve the boat work efficiency and prevent the boat from deviating from the channel because of the high speed. Considering the movement characteristics such as non-linearity, big delay and underdamping of the boat, the course-speed dual-loop control algorithm was designed based on fuzzy PID (proportion integration differentiation). In order to enhance the stability and portability of the system, the ship borne subsystem was designed based on embedded Linux operating system, and the monitoring program of host computer was developed based on Visual Studio 2010 platform and SQL (structured query language) Server 2008

  5. Aerosol and trace gas measurements on the Rio Negro (Amazonia): Observations from a boat platform in and out of the Manaus plume

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayol-Bracero, O. L.; Claire 2001-Boat Team

    2003-04-01

    The main purpose of the measurements from the Boat platform during the Cooperative LBA Airborne Regional Experiment 2001 ( LBA-CLAIRE 2001) was to study the influence of anthropogenic pollution on the formation of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) from biogenic hydrocarbons. Measurements were performed from a boat platform located at different strategic points downwind from the city of Manaus. Polluted air masses from Manaus which have interacted with the rainforest were sampled, as well as background air. Aerosol filter sampling was accompanied by aerosol online measurements (scattering, absorption, concentration of particles, size distribution), trace gas measurements (O_3, NO_x, CO_2, and VOCs), and monitoring of meteorological parameters. To gain a better understanding of the chemical composition of the aerosol under study, techniques such as EGA, IC, GC/MS, PIXE, and INAA are being used for the analysis of the filter samples. GC/MS is being used specifically to identify tracers for SOA formation. Preliminary results of the online measurements for the polluted case (over the Negro River) showed significantly high values for atmospheric NO_2 (up to 10ppb) and low concentrations of O_3 and NO; these values suggest an aged plume. Aerosols, in this case, showed high values for the scattering coefficient (up to σsp 40 Mm-1) and for the concentration of particles (up to 10000 particles cm 3). The "background" case (over the Manacapuru River, 150km west of Manaus) was not totally unpolluted since trace gas NO_2 concentrations, particle concentrations, and scattering coefficient showed higher values in the second part of the sampling period; however, the apparent elemental carbon (EC_a) was not detectable and the level of levoglucosan was relatively low, suggesting air masses with very little influence of combustion. For the filter samples, estimated aerosol mass concentrations for the species determined in the fine fraction were: 4.2 μg m 3 (polluted case) and 0.84

  6. The ecological module of BOATS-1.0: a bioenergetically constrained model of marine upper trophic levels suitable for studies of fisheries and ocean biogeochemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carozza, David Anthony; Bianchi, Daniele; Galbraith, Eric Douglas

    2016-04-01

    Environmental change and the exploitation of marine resources have had profound impacts on marine communities, with potential implications for ocean biogeochemistry and food security. In order to study such global-scale problems, it is helpful to have computationally efficient numerical models that predict the first-order features of fish biomass production as a function of the environment, based on empirical and mechanistic understandings of marine ecosystems. Here we describe the ecological module of the BiOeconomic mArine Trophic Size-spectrum (BOATS) model, which takes an Earth-system approach to modelling fish biomass at the global scale. The ecological model is designed to be used on an Earth-system model grid, and determines size spectra of fish biomass by explicitly resolving life history as a function of local temperature and net primary production. Biomass production is limited by the availability of photosynthetic energy to upper trophic levels, following empirical trophic efficiency scalings, and by well-established empirical temperature-dependent growth rates. Natural mortality is calculated using an empirical size-based relationship, while reproduction and recruitment depend on both the food availability to larvae from net primary production and the production of eggs by mature adult fish. We describe predicted biomass spectra and compare them to observations, and conduct a sensitivity study to determine how they change as a function of net primary production and temperature. The model relies on a limited number of parameters compared to similar modelling efforts, while retaining reasonably realistic representations of biological and ecological processes, and is computationally efficient, allowing extensive parameter-space analyses even when implemented globally. As such, it enables the exploration of the linkages between ocean biogeochemistry, climate, and upper trophic levels at the global scale, as well as a representation of fish biomass for

  7. Applying the LANL Statistical Pattern Recognition Paradigm for Structural Health Monitoring to Data from a Surface-Effect Fast Patrol Boat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoon Sohn; Charles Farrar; Norman Hunter; Keith Worden

    2001-01-01

    This report summarizes the analysis of fiber-optic strain gauge data obtained from a surface-effect fast patrol boat being studied by the staff at the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment (NDRE) in Norway and the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) in Washington D.C. Data from two different structural conditions were provided to the staff at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The problem was then approached from a statistical pattern recognition paradigm. This paradigm can be described as a four-part process: (1) operational evaluation, (2) data acquisition & cleansing, (3) feature extraction and data reduction, and (4) statistical model development for feature discrimination. Given that the first two portions of this paradigm were mostly completed by the NDRE and NRL staff, this study focused on data normalization, feature extraction, and statistical modeling for feature discrimination. The feature extraction process began by looking at relatively simple statistics of the signals and progressed to using the residual errors from auto-regressive (AR) models fit to the measured data as the damage-sensitive features. Data normalization proved to be the most challenging portion of this investigation. A novel approach to data normalization, where the residual errors in the AR model are considered to be an unmeasured input and an auto-regressive model with exogenous inputs (ARX) is then fit to portions of the data exhibiting similar waveforms, was successfully applied to this problem. With this normalization procedure, a clear distinction between the two different structural conditions was obtained. A false-positive study was also run, and the procedure developed herein did not yield any false-positive indications of damage. Finally, the results must be qualified by the fact that this procedure has only been applied to very limited data samples. A more complete analysis of additional data taken under various operational and environmental conditions as well as other

  8. Impact of using fishing boat fuel with high poly aromatic content on the emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from the diesel engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yuan-Chung; Lee, Wen-Jhy; Li, Hsing-Wang; Chen, Chung-Ban; Fang, Guor-Cheng; Tsai, Perng-Jy

    Because of the fishery subsidy policy, the fishing boat fuel oil (FBFO) exemption from commodity taxes, business taxes and air pollution control fees, resulted in the price of FBFO was ˜50% lower than premium diesel fuel (PDF) in Taiwan. It is estimated that ˜650,000 kL FBFO was illegally used by traveling diesel-vehicles (TDVs) with a heavy-duty diesel engine (HDDE), which accounted for ˜16.3% of the total diesel fuel consumed by TDVs. In this study, sulfur, poly aromatic and total-aromatic contents in both FBFO and PDF were measured and compared. Exhaust emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their carcinogenic potencies (BaP eq) from a HDDE under transient cycle testing for both FBFO and PDF were compared and discussed. Finally, the impact caused by the illegal use of FBFO on the air quality was examined. Results show that the mean sulfur-, poly aromatic and aromatic-contents in FBFO were 43.0, 3.89 and 1.04 times higher than that of PDF, respectively. Emission factors of total-PAHs and total-BaP eq obtained by utilizing FBFO were 51.5 and 0.235 mg L -1-Fuel, which were 3.41 and 5.82 times in magnitude higher than obtained by PDF, respectively. The estimated annual emissions of total-PAHs and total-BaP eq to the ambient environment due to the illegally used FBFO were 23.6 and 0.126 metric tons, respectively, which resulted in a 17.9% and a 25.0% increment of annual emissions from all mobile sources, respectively. These results indicated that the FBFO used illegally by TDVs had a significant impact on PAH emissions to the ambient environment.

  9. The ecological module of BOATS-1.0: a bioenergetically-constrained model of marine upper trophic levels suitable for studies of fisheries and ocean biogeochemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. A. Carozza

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Environmental change and the exploitation of marine resources have had profound impacts on marine communities, with potential implications for ocean biogeochemistry and food security. In order to study such global-scale problems, it is helpful to have computationally efficient numerical models that predict the first-order features of fish biomass production as a function of the environment, based on empirical and mechanistic understandings of marine ecosystems. Here we describe the ecological module of the BiOeconomic mArine Trophic Size-spectrum (BOATS model, which takes an Earth-system approach to modeling fish biomass at the global scale. The ecological model is designed to be used on an Earth System model grid, and determines size spectra of fish biomass by explicitly resolving life history as a function of local temperature and net primary production. Biomass production is limited by the availability of photosynthetic energy to upper trophic levels, following empirical trophic efficiency scalings, and by well-established empirical temperature-dependent growth rates. Natural mortality is calculated using an empirical size-based relationship, while reproduction and recruitment depend on both the food availability to larvae from net primary production and the production of eggs by mature adult fish. We describe predicted biomass spectra and compare them to observations, and conduct a sensitivity study to determine how the change as a function of net primary production and temperature. The model relies on a limited number of parameters compared to similar modeling efforts, while retaining realistic representations of biological and ecological processes, and is computationally efficient, allowing extensive parameter-space analyses even when implemented globally. As such, it enables the exploration of the linkages between ocean biogeochemistry, climate, and upper trophic levels at the global scale, as well as a representation of fish biomass for

  10. The ecological module of BOATS-1.0: a bioenergetically-constrained model of marine upper trophic levels suitable for studies of fisheries and ocean biogeochemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carozza, D. A.; Bianchi, D.; Galbraith, E. D.

    2015-12-01

    Environmental change and the exploitation of marine resources have had profound impacts on marine communities, with potential implications for ocean biogeochemistry and food security. In order to study such global-scale problems, it is helpful to have computationally efficient numerical models that predict the first-order features of fish biomass production as a function of the environment, based on empirical and mechanistic understandings of marine ecosystems. Here we describe the ecological module of the BiOeconomic mArine Trophic Size-spectrum (BOATS) model, which takes an Earth-system approach to modeling fish biomass at the global scale. The ecological model is designed to be used on an Earth System model grid, and determines size spectra of fish biomass by explicitly resolving life history as a function of local temperature and net primary production. Biomass production is limited by the availability of photosynthetic energy to upper trophic levels, following empirical trophic efficiency scalings, and by well-established empirical temperature-dependent growth rates. Natural mortality is calculated using an empirical size-based relationship, while reproduction and recruitment depend on both the food availability to larvae from net primary production and the production of eggs by mature adult fish. We describe predicted biomass spectra and compare them to observations, and conduct a sensitivity study to determine how the change as a function of net primary production and temperature. The model relies on a limited number of parameters compared to similar modeling efforts, while retaining realistic representations of biological and ecological processes, and is computationally efficient, allowing extensive parameter-space analyses even when implemented globally. As such, it enables the exploration of the linkages between ocean biogeochemistry, climate, and upper trophic levels at the global scale, as well as a representation of fish biomass for idealized studies

  11. The rheology interpretation of destruction and establishment of dragon boat sport culture%龙舟运动文化“破与立”的流变阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明伟; 谢翔; 王艳琼; 苏奕敏

    2015-01-01

    Dragon boat sport culture is the sport culture phenomenon unique to Chinese nation. It plays an important role in maintaining the national feeling and inheriting the outstanding character of the Chinese nation for thousands of years.The dragon boat sport culture is the dragon totem worship derived from fear of the nature;it is the patriotism from the sublimation of hero;it is the sport spirit from the fusion of conflict and unity.Based on the conception of culture with four levels,this paper researches the modern rheology of dragon boat sport culture through the literature review and expert interview.This study shows that the modern dragon boat sport culture is the rheology from sacrificial culture to souvenir culture,from folk culture to sport culture,and also a rheology that inherits traditional culture yet gets rid of the traditional culture.It is beneficial to explore the intrinsic value of dragon boat sport culture well if grasping the process of trends evidently in different culture layer and to provide new thoughts for modern dragon boat career.%龙舟运动文化是中华民族独有的体育文化现象,千百年来在维系民族情感和传承中华民族优秀品格的过程中发挥了极为重要的作用。龙舟运动文化是对自然的敬畏衍生出的龙图腾崇拜;是对英雄的礼赞升华而来的爱国情怀;是对立与统一相融合的体育精神。本研究从“文化四层次理论”出发,运用文献资料、访谈等研究方法对龙舟运动文化的现代流变进行探析,结果表明:现代龙舟运动文化是祭祀文化向纪念文化的流变,是民俗文化向体育文化的流变,是一场延续传统却又摆脱传统的流变。从不同层面具体而清晰地把握龙舟运动文化的现代流变过程有利于我们更好地发掘龙舟运动文化的内涵价值,给现代龙舟运动的发展提供新的发展思路。

  12. 端午节庆文化之于大学生思想政治教育功能探析%An Analysis of College Students' Ideological and Political Education during Dragon Boat Festival Celebration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    官秀成

    2012-01-01

    Celebration of the Dragon Boat Festival, an extremely rich folk activity with good knowledge and deep ideas, provides a good opportunity to give students ideological and political education. Compared with Japan and South Korea, China's Dragon Boat Festival celebration is still inadequate, which requires effective measures to improve its ideological and political education. This paper analyzes the feasible ways of college students' ideological and political education during the Dragon Boat Festival celebration from three levels of college, society and family, to provide more choices for college students' ideological and oolitical education.%端午节庆丰富多样的民俗活动,包含着科学的生活知识和深邃的优秀思想,为思想政治教学提供了独特的教育资源。与日本和韩国相比较,我国端午节庆大学生表现存在多种不足,启示我们应采取有效措施,增强高校思想政治教育的实效性。本文深入分析我国端午节庆蕴含的思想政治教育价值,从高校、社会和家庭三个层面探析端午节庆期间大学生思想政治教育的可行方式,以期为大学生思想政治教育提供路径选择。

  13. The Goodness of Harmony:New Changes and Reconstructions of the Dragon Boat Festival Culture in Song Dynasty.%和谐之美:宋代端午节庆文化的新变与再建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李懿

    2012-01-01

    The Dragon Boat Festival in Song Dynasty is of unique significance in the synchronic and diachronic system of festivals.The whole passage aims to analyze the various festival names briefly to present specific changes in Song Dynasty which was in pursuit of the goodness of harmony in The Dragon Boat Festival Culture,based on the influential factors in the development of economy,population,the popularity of Taoism,advocating the ruler,communication among nations,and so on.Lastly,it explains the influence of folk-custom and literature of The Dragon Boat Festival in Song Dynasty to the next generations.According to restoring of the specific historic and social environment and settling the documents,the author tries presenting various and colorful life and festival concept.%宋代端午节在共时、历时的节日体系中占有至关重要的地位。文章主要对端午多样化的节名作简要辨析,并从宋代社会的经济发展、市民壮大、道教风行、统治者的提倡、民族交流等影响性因素入手,呈现端午节在宋代的具体变化,揭示宋人竭力追求的端午节庆文化的和谐之美。最后,就宋代端午民俗与文学的互动及对后世的影响作说明。试图通过特定历史社会环境的还原与文献梳理,立体再现宋人丰富多彩的节序生活和节日理念。

  14. Dimerization of pyramidalized 3,4,8,9-tetramethyltetracyclo [4.4.0.0(3,9).0(4,8)]dec-1(6)-ene to a hydrocarbon featuring four cyclohexane rings in boat conformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rey-Carrizo, Matias; Barniol-Xicota, Marta; Font-Bardia, Mercè; Vázquez, Santiago

    2014-07-28

    The synthesis, chemical trapping, and dimerization of a highly pyramidalized alkene is reported. Its dimer is a unique nonacycle featuring three planar cyclobutane rings, four cyclopentane rings, and four cyclohexane rings in boat conformations. The X-ray diffraction analysis showed a H-H distance between the flagpole hydrogen atoms of 1.999 Å and a separation of 2.619 Å between the two flagpole carbon atoms. The three cyclobutane rings of the dimer were thermally stable.

  15. Drift trials of dummy and fishing boats in Guangdong coast waters%广东海域模拟人和无动力渔船海上漂移试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周水华; 杨阳; 冯伟忠

    2013-01-01

      为探讨海上搜救目标无动力渔船和落水人员在海水中的漂移规律,对现有海上搜救目标漂移轨迹预测模型进行评估与改进,国家海洋局南海海洋工程勘察中心于2011年2月和4月在广东近岸海域开展了3组模拟人和2组无动力船海上漂移试验.试验发现模拟人与无动力船大部分时刻的漂移轨迹位于下风向的右侧,80%以上的时刻漂移轨迹位于海流流向和下风向的矢量合成区间内.以漂移速度为应变量,流速和风速为自变量进行二元回归分析发现,广东海域的模拟人和无动力渔船的流致漂移参数约为1.0,风致漂移参数分别为0.019和0.038.%To explore the drifting character of fishing boats without working motors and people in the water is the target of maritime search and rescue. For improving and evaluating their target drifting trajectory prediction model, researchers at the South China Sea Marine Engineering Investigation Center of the State Oceanic Administration carried out 2−3 trials in Guangdong coast waters: two times for fishing boats without working motors, and three times for dummy in the water on February 2011 and April 2011. These trials found that the dummy and fishing boats mostly drifted to the right of the downwind, and between the directions of current and downwind more than 80% of the total test times. By binary regression analysis on drift velocity (a dependent variable), current velocity and wind speed (as independent variables), we obtained the following results:current-induced drift parameter is approximately 1.0, wind-induced drift parameters are 0.019 for drifting people and 0.038 for drifting fishing boats.

  16. 标准龙舟直道竞速类项目训练学特征分析——以龙舟500m直道竞速为例%Analyzing Features of Training With Standard Dragon Boat Race

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋强

    2012-01-01

    This paper tries to understand more features of dragon boat and learn training laws of sport training.We apply literature method to this research with sports training as study views,depth analysis of Dragon boat straight racing about Energy supply theory of sports events,the special skill characteristics,the feature of physical training of dragon boat athlete and so on.The paper indicated: dragon boat as a China's current developing sport event,its training theory is needed to be constructed urgently,correct understanding to essential character of standard dragon boat racing events,including feature of energy supply,dragon boat skills or physical training,help to enhance the level of sports training of Chinese dragon race events.%为了进一步了解龙舟运动项目的特征及探讨龙舟运动训练规律,采用文献资料法以竞技体育训练学为出发点,深入分析龙舟赛竞速类项目的生理供能基础、专项技术特征、不同赛段划桨的特点、运动员体能训练特征等。研究指出:龙舟运动作为我国当前大力发展的民族体育竞技项目,训练理论亟需完善,正确理解和认识龙舟运动项目能量供应特征、技术训练特点及体能训练特征等,有利于提升我国龙舟赛竞速类项目训练科学化水平,促进龙舟竞赛项目运动成绩不断提高。

  17. 福建龙舟运动发展状况的调查研究及建议%Research and suggestion on the development status of Fujian dragon boat movement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林耀辉

    2014-01-01

    The dragon boat is China folk tradition of water sports and entertainment projects, has been around for two thousand years, is held in the festival. Is a collective rowing competition, modern dragon boat gradually evolved into a sports event, and more and more influence. To research on the development of this paper by using the method of literature, questionnaire survey method, data statistics method, logic analysis method to find the dragon, dragon and the development of economy, the consciousness of fitness, geographical characteristics are closely related.%龙舟是中国民间传统水上体育娱乐项目,已流传两千多年,多是在喜庆节日举行。是多人集体划桨竞赛,近代龙舟逐渐演变成一项体育赛事,并且影响越来越大。本文采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、数据统计法、逻辑分析法等方法对龙舟的发展状况进行调查研究,发现龙舟的发展与地方的经济状况、群众的健身意识、地理特点有着密切的关系。

  18. Small Boat Bottomfish Sampling Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Fishing operations that focus on targeting bottomfish (mostly juvenile opakapaka) that are independent of a larger research vessel, i.e. the Oscar Elton Sette.

  19. Waterway Equipment - Boat, Barge, Motor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    database of known materials to determine factors such as resistance to fungal growth or decontamination ability. MIL-STD-810G outlines the setup and...3) Display distortion (radar screen , depth finders, etc.). (4) Unexpected control panel light activation. (5) Blown fuses or tripped circuit...Standardization (ISO) 2631-145, the vessel will be examined for adherence to the prescribed man/machine interface criteria therein. A stem to

  20. Paper Boat in rough Waters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moberg, Bergur Rønne

    represents the ‘barbaric' and untamable desire, that is released in contact with the outside world.                  The article analyzes the novel's description of the conflicting reality of place based on Michel Foucaults conception of heterotopia. In the figure of heterotopia the traces crosses each other...... as a writing-back from the periphery to European metropoles and modernity in order to give an account of the encounter with a world outside the main current of enlightenment. The novel is itself challenged before it challenges the center  and thus it opposes exotism....

  1. Rocking and Rebalancing the Boat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandl, Kristin Martina; Mol, Michael; Petersen, Bent

    2014-01-01

    Service production systems can be seen as a structure consisting of task execution, resources executing tasks and the service output received by the client. Offshoring acts as an exogenous shock to such a service production system. Drawing on practice theory and applying a multiple case methodolo...

  2. All in the same Boat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sindbæk, Søren Michael

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a survey of contexts and places where Vikings are currently highlighted as a European cultural heritage, and discusses how this heritage is presented, and why so. The most significant contemporary importance of the Viking heritage, it is proposed, is not as a Scandinavian ance...... of a lost Roman identity implied by the concept of a ‘Middle Age’....

  3. The Dragon-Boat Regatta

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    TheDragon-BoatRegattaAnancientfestivalcombines.folkartwithcompetitivesportBystaffreporterLUOQIANTHOUSANDSofspecta-torswillbec...

  4. Boat Dwellers of Weishan Lake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JENNIFER; LIM

    1998-01-01

    IN the south of Shandong Province, Weishan Lake is the largest freshwater lake in northern China. Under the bright blue sky, it gleams like a large mirror. "As the sun is about to set, Weishan Lake is quiet…" Humming

  5. Fuel consumption analysis of diesel-electric hybrid system of fishing boat%渔船柴电混合动力系统油耗分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹建军; 李胜勇

    2016-01-01

    为了探索海洋渔船推进系统的节油减排,以一艘安装有柴电混合动力系统,成功实现节能减排的金枪鱼延绳钓船为例,通过剖析柴电混合动力系统的结构,柴油机理论负荷特性,结合渔船实际使用情况,分析其节能原因。结果显示,渔船柴电混合动力系统在使用过程中,可根据工况需要,随意切换常规动力与电力推进系统;通过选择合理的主机工况,提高柴油机输出效率,降低柴油机油耗率;综合各种工况,能节油15%以上。研究表明,现阶段在金枪鱼延绳钓渔船上使用混合动力技术是可行的,能起到节能减排的作用。在核心技术不变的情况下,运用一些创新技术手段,如采用多机多桨拆分系统,赋予系统更高的智能调配作用,可以把混合动力系统推广到拖网渔船和围网渔船上。%In order to explore the energy conservation performance of ocean fishing boat propulsion systems,in this paper,a tuna longline vessel that has realized energy-saving and emission-reducing was taken as an example to analyze the reasons behind,through probing into the structure of its diesel-electric hybrid system, engine load characteristics and the actual using conditions of the vessel. The results showed that the diesel-electric hybrid system of the vessel in use can easily switch between the conventional power and the electricity propulsion systems in accordance with the actual working conditions; by selecting the reasonable working conditions of the main engine,the output efficiency of the diesel engine could thus be improved and the diesel fuel consumption rate decreased,and considering the various working conditions,the system could save energy by more than 15%.The research showed that,at present,using hybrid power technology in tuna longline vessels is feasible and can play a role in energy conservation. With the core technology remaining the same and by adopting some

  6. BIOMASS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE and species abundance tows data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-17 (NODC Accession 0113950)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113950 includes tows and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208, SE0005 and SE0007 in...

  7. ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, Displacement Volume, TAXONOMIC CODE, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - SEX and species abundance tows data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0401-01 and GP0401-02 as part of the NEP project from 2004-10-19 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115259)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115259 includes tows and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0401-01 and GP0401-02 in the Gulf of Alaska and...

  8. 端午民俗视角下龙舟竞渡文化发展研究--以温州地区为例%A research on the dragon boats racing cultural development under the folkways--take Wenzhou region for a instance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙永梅

    2015-01-01

    龙舟竞渡是端午节的传统项目,尤其在以“江南水乡”著称的温州,由于受早期吴越文化和“以船为车”生活方式等的影响,在数千年的历史进程中,培育了丰富的龙舟竞渡文化。本文在梳理温州龙舟竞渡发展历程的基础上,总结其自身文化特色;分析发展中的制约因素,并提出相应的发展策略。%The dragon boat race is traditional project in Dragon Boat Festival,which is especially famous in wenzhou for its“jiangnan watertown”,due to the early Wu Yue culture and“ship as car”lifestyle. In the process of thousands of years of history and culture has abundant dragon boat racing culture. This paper,on the basis of the development of Wenzhou dragon boat race,summarizes its own cultural characteristics,analyzes the development of constraints,and puts forward the corresponding development strategy.

  9. Documentation only - no data type tows data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and GP0207-02 as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-29 to 2002-08-06 (NODC Accession 0115275)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115275 includes tows data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and GP0207-02 in the Gulf of Alaska and North...

  10. Serum amyloid A (SAA) as a biomarker of chronic infection due to boat strike trauma in a free-ranging Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) with incidental polycystic kidneys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harr, Kendal E; Rember, Renee; Ginn, Pamela E; Lightsey, Jessica; Keller, Martha; Reid, James; Bonde, Robert K

    2011-10-01

    Watercraft-related trauma is the predominant cause of human-induced mortality in manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris), a federal- and state-listed endangered species. Pyothorax (documented in this case report) and other secondary infections are common sequelae of inhalation of water and the open wounds caused by boat propellers. These secondary infections can lead to the demise of the animal weeks to months after the traumatic incident when external wounds have healed. Diagnosis of underlying disease on physical examination during capture and restraint can be difficult. Acute phase proteins, including serum amyloid A, fibrinogen, and albumin can be used to diagnose inflammatory disease in manatees and improve quality of medical care and husbandry. We also provide the first report of polycystic kidneys in Sirenians.

  11. Método dinamométrico para avaliação da escora em barcos tipo Catamaran Dynamometric method for the evaluation of hiking in Catamaran boats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Ricardo Schütz

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem como objetivo propor e validar um método de medição da distância de escora ("De" e do momento de escora ("Me", através do uso de plataformas de força para barcos tipo Catamaran. O novo método propõe a medição por dinamometria, com o posicionamento de plataformas de força abaixo de cada casco, e a mensuração das Forças de Reação do Solo (FRS. Com base nas equações clássicas da estática são determinadas as variáveis "De" e "Me". Para validar o método proposto, foi utilizada a validação concorrente, através da comparação com os valores obtidos por cinemetria através do sistema "Peak Motus". Para correlação entre os dois métodos optou-se pelo coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (ICC. Foram analisadas diferentes posturas em duas diferentes inclinações do barco, simulando o adernamento do barco. Os resultados encontrados apontaram alta correlação (ICC > 0,99 e pequeno erro médio (1,00% para "De" e 0,96% para "Me" entre os métodos. Com isto, o método proposto se mostrou válido e eficiente, pois mensurou as variáveis de maneira rápida e precisa e se torna importante à medida que facilita a análise e auxilia a velejadores e técnicos na tomada de decisõesThis study aimed to propose and to validate a method for the measurement of hiking distance (Hd and hiking moment (Hm in Catamaran boats, through the use of force plates. This new method proposes the measurement by dynamometry, with the positioning of a force plate below each boat hoof to measure the Ground Reaction Forces (GRF. Based on the classic static equations Hd and Hm were determined. In order to validate the method a validation of competing was carried out through the comparison with kinematic values measured through the Peak Motus system. Intraclass correlation coeficient was used. Different positions in two different inclinations of the boat, simulating the boat heeling, had been analyzed. The results showed a high correlation

  12. Serum amyloid A (SAA) as a biomarker of chronic infection due to boat strike trauma in a free-ranging Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) with incidental polycystic kidneys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harr, Kendal E.; Rember, Renee; Ginn, Pamela E.; Lightsey, Jessica; Keller, Martha; Reid, James; Bonde, Robert K.

    2011-01-01

    Watercraft-related trauma is the predominant cause of human-induced mortality in manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris), a federal- and state-listed endangered species. Pyothorax (documented in this case report) and other secondary infections are common sequelae of inhalation of water and the open wounds caused by boat propellers. These secondary infections can lead to the demise of the animal weeks to months after the traumatic incident when external wounds have healed. Diagnosis of underlying disease on physical examination during capture and restraint can be difficult. Acute phase proteins, including serum amyloid A, fibrinogen, and albumin can be used to diagnose inflammatory disease in manatees and improve quality of medical care and husbandry. We also provide the first report of polycystic kidneys in Sirenians.

  13. Separate vaporisation of boric acid and inorganic boron from tungsten sample cuvette-tungsten boat furnace followed by the detection of boron species by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-MS and ICP-AES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kataoka, Hiroko; Okamoto, Yasuaki; Tsukahara, Satoshi; Fujiwara, Terufumi; Ito, Kazuaki

    2008-03-10

    Utilising extremely different vaporisation properties of boron compounds, the determination procedures of volatile boric acid and total boron using tungsten boat furnace (TBF) ICP-MS and TBF-ICP-AES have been investigated. For the determination of volatile boric acid by TBF-ICP-MS, tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH, Me(4)NOH) was used as a chemical modifier to retain it during drying and ashing stages. As for the total boron, not only non-volatile inorganic boron such as boron nitride (BN), boron carbide (B(4)C), etc. but also boric acid (B(OH)(3)) was decomposed by a furnace-fusion digestion with NaOH to produce sodium salt of boron, a suitable species for the electrothermal vaporisation (ETV) procedure. The proposed method was applied to the analysis of various standard reference materials. The analytical results for various biological and steel samples are described.

  14. All seasons tea party in Hangzhou--Ⅱ. Summer tea party on the Dragon Boat Festival%杭州的四季茶会——Ⅱ.夏天的端午茶会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    步畅; 韩晶; 岳任; 萸茗

    2012-01-01

    本文主要从缘起两个社团的“诞生日”、历次端午茶会的回顾和端午茶会的特色等三部分简要介绍了杭州四季茶会中之“夏天的端午茶会”%Summer tea party on the Dragon Boat Festival, one activity of the all seasons tea party in Hangzhou was discussed in this paper,including the origin of the activity that thanks to the establishment day of two societies, the parties held in the past years in retrospect and the characteristics of the tea party.

  15. Economic & technological equations and characteristic analyses for inshore FRP trawl boats%近海玻璃钢拖网渔船的技术经济方程和特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶冶; 奚海波; 王建彬; 于红; 吴俊峰; 贾复

    2015-01-01

    根据近海玻璃钢( FRP)拖网渔船缺乏技术经济论证数学模型的问题,建立了针对玻璃钢拖网渔船的技术经济方程,对方程中的油耗、经济寿命、造价、维修费用、折旧费等经济影响因素进行了分析比较。结果表明:多数指标变量对玻璃钢渔船的经济性是有利的,仅造价指标具有负面影响,本研究中建立的技术经济方程有效地满足了玻璃钢最优船型论证的需要,可为船舶建造、捕捞管理提供计算及指导依据。%In view of the problem of lack of the math model for the evaluation of optimum fiber reinforced plastics ( FRP) trawl boats, series of economic & technological equations were in this paper proposed, and comparatively analyzed the factors influencing economy of FRP trawls boat, such as fuel consumption, economic life-span, cost, maintain expense, and depreciation cost were analysed comparatively. The results showed that most of the target variable is good for the economy of the FRP fishing trawler, only the cost showing a negative influence. These equa-tions can effectively meet the needs of the FRP optimal ship type evaluation, and provide the basis of the calculation for the construction, management and fishing department.

  16. 浙江庆元端午“走桥”习俗考察%Exploration of “Walking Bridge”Convention on the Dragon Boat Festival in Qingyuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秀峰

    2016-01-01

    The convention of “walking bridge” on the Dragon Boat Festival in Qingyuan county of Zhejiang province takes the wooden covered bridges as its main activity space and takes a memorial ceremony for gods, blessing and ward-off disease as major contents. Through the activity of “walking three lounge bridges”, the good wishes are placed on the individuals, the families and the entire village. The bridge-walkers are mostly women and the ceremony of the bridge-walking covers three procedures like offering sacrifices, walking the bridges and throwing the four-angle dumplings. There are many reasons for the rite of walking bridge, such as in memory of Quyuan, religionary sacrifice, lounge bridge culture worship and walking sickness, among which walking sickness is most popular and also an explanation that accords with core cultural connotation of exorcising evil spirits and preventing disease on Dragon Boat Festival.%浙江庆元民众的端午“走桥”习俗以木拱廊桥为主要活动空间,以祭神祈福祛病为主要内容,通过“走三桥”来寄托自己对个人、家庭乃至整个村落的美好祝愿。走桥者为女性,仪式包括祭祀、走桥、抛粽三个步骤。对于走桥习俗的解释,有纪念屈原说、宗教祭祀说、廊桥文化崇拜说、走百病说等,其中走百病说最为流行,也是符合端午节辟邪防病的核心文化内涵的一种解释。

  17. Assessment of the effects of municipal sewage, immersed idols and boating on the heavy metal and other elemental pollution of surface water of the eutrophic Hussainsagar Lake (Hyderabad, India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, M Vikram; Babu, K Sagar; Balaram, V; Satyanarayanan, M

    2012-04-01

    The surface water qualities of Hussainsagar, an eutrophic urban lake in the midst of twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad (India) receiving large quantities of external inputs--both untreated municipal sewage containing industrial effluents, and treated sewage, a large number of annually immersed idols of God and Goddess, and intense boating activities were assessed in relation to the concentration of elements including heavy metals of the water along the necklace road of the lake. Elemental analyses of water using ICP-MS revealed 26 elements including heavy metals--As, Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn, Se, Ba, Zn, Mo, V, Co, Ag, Sr, Rb, Mg, K, Ca, Al, Si, Sb, Na, Li, and B, in the surface water of the lake. Of these, the first 15 elements were found in elevated concentrations in the water at the outfall point of the untreated municipal sewage (site 3), which was the main dominating source of contamination of the lake water while Cu and Sb were recorded in higher concentrations at the outfall of treated effluent from Sewage Treatment Plant, and three elements (Ba, Si, and B) were in higher concentration at the sites of outfall of sewage flowing from an oxygenated pond (site 4), Ca, Zn, and Sr, at the site immersed with idols (site 1), and Pb, Ag, and Al at the center of the lake (site 5) with intense boating activities. Concentrations of most of these elements exceeded the maximum permissible limits of national (Indian Council Medical Research) standards for drinking water. The concentrations of most of the elemental contaminants showed significant positive correlations between them.

  18. Influence of Sports Nutrition on University Boat Race Result:Taking 500m Straight Racing as an Example%运动营养对高校龙舟比赛运动成绩的影响与研究--以500米直道竞速为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帆

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: to explore the effect of nutrition on physical fitness and sports performance of dragon boat. Methods: using the method of mathematical statistics, investigation and analysis of Jiangsu Province in 2012 second session of college student dragon boat championships women players. Results: the dragon boat practitioners in replenish nutrition and athletic performance showed significant difference (P<0.05) or very significant difference (P<0.01). Conclusion:there is positive effect of nutrition on college students' body shape, quality and performance.%目的:探究营养对龙舟运动员身体素质和运动成绩的影响。方法:运用数理统计等方法对2012年江苏省第二届大学生龙舟锦标赛部分女队员进行调查与分析。结果:龙舟习练者在补充营养后运动成绩呈显著差异(P<0.05)或者非常显著差异(P<0.01)。结论:营养对大学生的身体形态、素质和运动成绩有积极的影响。

  19. Freedom and solitude as an interpretation of A Slow Boat to China by Haruki Murakami%自由与孤独--村上春树《去中国的小船》解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何忆鸽; 史锦秀

    2013-01-01

    A Slow Boat to China is a fiction that describes the metropolis solitude by Murakami .In the novel ,China only stands for a sign of place where the protagonist belongs ,so only the protagonist under-stands China .%《去中国的小船》是一篇描写都市生活中孤独者故事的小说,这也是村上春树一直以来的小说主题。小说中的“中国”不发挥指向现实社会问题的机能,它只是一个原乡的符号,是指向主人公内心的仅仅属于“我一个人的中国,是唯我一人能读懂的中国,是指向我一个人发出呼唤的中国”。

  20. 黔东南苗族“独木龙舟节”桡手服饰及文化内涵%A Cultural Analysis of Rowers′Dress in Miao People′s Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于倩

    2011-01-01

    勤劳、智慧的苗族人创造了灿烂的文化,但由于苗族历史上没有传承下来的文字,其服饰便被誉为"穿在身上的史书"。苗族服饰不仅具有很高的史料价值,还具有深厚的文化内涵。施洞"苗族独木龙舟节"桡手服饰体现了苗家人对自然环境的适应,承载了苗家人独特的审美、求吉心理和原始信仰,记载了文化的交流和变迁的轨迹。%The industrious and brilliant Miao people have created a gorgeous culture.As there are few written history records passed down,the dress of Miao People are known as "wearable historical record".Their dress has both a high historical value and profound cultural connotations.This paper focuses on the dress of rowers in the Miao people′s Dragon Boat Festival in Shidong,Taijiang County,Southeast Guizhou Miao-Dong Autonomous Prefecture.By analyzing its shape features,this paper tries to explore the cultural signs and Miao people′s cultural mind reflected in the dress.

  1. Prevention and therapy technologies of fish diseases in largemouth bronze gudgeon culturing in boat cages%圆口铜鱼船体网箱养殖过程中鱼病防治要点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张富铁; 谭德清; 黎明政; 王剑伟; 高欣; 杨少荣; 刘焕章

    2014-01-01

    根据圆口铜鱼( Coreius guichenoti)船体网箱饲养经验,总结了养殖过程中多种鱼病(小瓜虫、疖疮病、车轮虫、三代虫、指环虫、水霉病、肝胆综合征、应激性出血病、头槽绦虫病、赤皮病、腐皮病、斜管虫、钟形虫和锚头鳋等)的发病特征和防治技术。%According to the experiences of largemouth bronze gudgeon culture in the boat cages , the disease characteristics and prevention and therapy technologies of fish diseases such as ichthyophthiriasis , furunculosis ,trichodina , gyrodacty-lus, dactylogyrus, saprolegniasis, hepatobiliary syndrome, stress hemorrhagic disease, bothriocephaliasis, red skin dis-ease, putrid skin disease , chilodonella , vorticella and lernaea were summarized here .

  2. Intervention to assess and improve the knowledge and attitudes of health professionals in brief counseling for smoking cessation: The B.O.A.T program (Brief Opportunistic Advice Training Program for smoking cessation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantina Kikkini-Paschou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Smoking is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Health care professionals can contribute to controlling the epidemic of smoking by applying brief counseling for smoking cessation in clinical practice. Purpose: The program B.O.A.T was implemented to increase knowledge and enhance health professionals’ attitudes on the brief counseling for smoking cessation. The purpose of the intervention was to enforce participants' intention to implement counseling. Material and Method: The research project was a pretest-posttest equivalent groups design. The sample consisted of 33 health professionals of various specialties. The intervention consisted of a two-hour training course and distribution of printed material. Attitudes, subjective norm, perceived control and intention of health professionals were measured, regarding the counseling in smoking cessation. Results: Statistical analysis showed an increase of perceived control in the experimental group (p = 0.031 and increase of its intention to implement smoking cessation counseling compared to the comparison group (p = 0.003. There was no difference between and within groups before and after the intervention for the variables of attitudes and subjective norm. The evaluation also showed an increase of knowledge in the experimental group. Conclusion: This study reinforces the current literature which supports that training health professionals on smoking cessation counseling can be effective. The theoretical background turns out to be important. In the future more time and resources should be invested to increase effectiveness and efficiency of such programs.

  3. 我国龙舟体育文化传承的人才阻滞现象及机制研究%The Talent Block-phenomena and the Mechanism of Chinese Dragon Boat Sports Cultural Inheritance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周次保; 王亮; 魏瑶; 刘明

    2016-01-01

    当下我国龙舟体育人才培养工作不能适应龙舟体育文化的发展需求,人才阻滞现象较为严重。针对这一现状,运用文献研究、问卷调查、专家访问、数理统计与逻辑分析等方法,对龙舟体育文化传承的人才阻滞现象及其机制进行深入探讨,结果表明:我国龙舟体育文化传承人才阻滞现象主要呈现为培养理念较滞后、培养目标不明确、人才规格不规范、人才需求有缺失、培养体系不健全、培养策略有缺位与人才质量不理想等。导致龙舟体育文化人才阻滞现象产生的机制取决于其相关制约因素的缺失或异化。这些制约因素可概括为社会因素、经济因素、文化因素、教育因素、体育因素与管理因素等六个方面。廓清我国龙舟体育文化传承的人才阻滞现象及其机制,对于完善龙舟体育文化人才培养体系及促进龙舟体育文化传承发展具有重要的理论价值与实践意义。%In recent years, the talent cultivation of Chinese dragon boat sports can't satisfy the developing demands, which leads to serious talent block-phenomena. The paper, by means of literature research, questionnaire, expert interviews, statistics and logic analysis, deeply probes into such phenomena and the mechanism, and the result shows that there are such block phenomena as backward ideas, unclear cultivation objectives, non-standard talent specifications, incomplete talent demands, unsound cultivating system, defect cultivation strategy and unsatisfactory talent quality. The causes of such phenomena lie mainly on lack or alienation of related restricting factors, including social, economical, cultural, educational, sport and management factors. It is of great theoretical value and practical significance of clearing up the talent block-phenomena and the mechanism for perfecting the talent cultivation system and promoting dragon boat sports cultural inheritance.

  4. Cultural Perspective and Development Strategy of Dragon Boat Festival of the Miao Nationality in the Southeast of Guizhou Province%黔东南苗族龙船节文化透视与发展策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周平; 熊少波; 李萍

    2015-01-01

    Investigating culture activities of the Miao Dragon Boat Festival in the southeast of Guizhou province by method of literature, field survey method etc, and form the dimension of time, space, and motivation to explore its cultural connotation. According to restricting factors of development: the change of the lifestyle, the change of the activity pattern, the change of the spontaneous regulation system. Proposed the development model: combined with the tourism industry, combined with school and family education, combine with cultural heritage protection, and also proposed strategies: the restructuring of traditional culture and the construction of the new culture, the diversity of inheritance main body and inheritance behavior, the rationalization of inheritance psychology and inheritance behavior, institutionalization and standardization of Inheritance system.%运用文献资料、实地调研等方法,对黔东南苗族龙船节文化活动进行调查,从时间、空间、动机维度探讨其文化内涵。针对发展制约因素:生活方式的改变、活动图式的变迁、自发调控系统的变化,提出:与旅游产业结合,与学校、家庭教育结合,与文化遗产保护结合的发展模式,以及传统文化的重组与新文化的建构、传承主体与传承行为的多元化、传承心理与传承行为的理性化策略。

  5. Numerical Simulation on EGR for Diesel Engine Used in Fishery Boats%渔船用柴油机废气再循环系统的数值模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周碧; 朱从容

    2012-01-01

    In order to reduce NOx emissions from fishery boats diesel engine, come up to the specification of NOx regulations stipulated in Air Pollution Prevention for Ship of IMO,a system of exhaust gas recirculation was designed according to the exhaust gas recirculation principle.The numerical simulation for two dimensional flow field of exhaust gas recirculation was done by the method of CTD numerical simulation in order to determine a reasonable proportion of the exhaust gas recirculationJn the simulation,the opening of control valve set at different values was analyzed,and the relationship between the opening of control valve and the recirculation exhaust gas ratio was obtained,which provides a theoretical basis for the system of exhaust gas recirculation used in the diesel engine.%为了降低渔船用柴油机的NOx排放量,达到符合国际海事组织对船舶防止空气污染的规定中的NOx章程的规范.利用废气再循环原理设计了一套柴油机废气减排系统,以降低渔船用柴油机的NOx排放量.通过CFD数值模拟的方法对某柴油机的废气再循环系统进行了二维流场的数值模拟,以确定合理的废气回流比例.模拟过程使用不同的EGR阀门开度进行分析,得到了EGR阀门开度与EGR率之间的比例关系,为柴油机废气再循环系统的设计提供了理论依据.

  6. 论王夫之杂剧《龙舟会》的“尚奇”特征%The Curious Character of Wang Fuzhi's Zaju Opera Dragon Boat Competi tion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    In the Chinese classical literature,"curious"has a long tradition.During the Ming and the Qing dynasties , many dramatists practiced this concept.Wang Fuzhi,as a famous Confucianism, his only zaju opera, Dragon Boat Competition,which was used to express his life ideal , also fully embodied the curious character , show-ing the aesthetic consciousness of common people in the Ming and the Qing dynasties .Wang Fuzhi 's learning made the story and image character of the zaju opera more attractive , which added a glorious part to the history of Chinese opera.%  在中国古代文学作品中,“尚奇”的传统由来已久。明清之际“尚奇”之风更盛,许多戏曲家的创作都践行着这一理念。作为明末清初的儒学大家,王夫之唯一的杂剧作品《龙舟会》,既寄托了自己的人生理想,也充分体现了“尚奇”的因素,展现出明清之际人们普遍的审美意识。而王夫之的学识又使《龙舟会》的剧情和人物形象独具魅力,为中国戏曲史增添了光辉的一笔。

  7. Comportamento do boto-cinza, Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénédén (Cetacea, Delphinidae na presença de barcos de turismo na Praia de Pipa, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil Behavior of estuarine dolphin, Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénédén (Cetacea, Delphinidae in the presence of tourist boats in Pipa Beach, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érico Santos-Jr

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available A crescente indústria do turismo tem se estendido ao ambiente aquático, deste modo tornando os mamíferos aquáticos suscetíveis a interações com humanos. O turismo de observação de golfinhos na praia de Pipa litoral sul do Rio Grande do Norte, tem se desenvolvido aumentando o número de barcos de observação de golfinhos operando nesta área. No presente estudo alterações comportamentais do Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénédén, 1864 causado pela presença destes barcos foi verificada. Registros comportamentais de S. guianensis foram compilados de um ponto fixo do alto de uma falésia próxima à área de estudo. As observações foram realizadas quando não havia barcos, na presença de barcos e após a saída dos barcos. Os resultados mostraram que o tipo de aproximação praticado pelos barcos de observação de golfinhos tinha maior influência no comportamento dos animais, especialmente em grupos com filhotes. Os impactos de curto prazo foram mais discretos, no entanto, novos métodos devem ser aplicados no sentido de verificar impactos de longo prazo no comportamento dos golfinhos.The ever-increasing tourist industry has extended to the aquatic environments, thus making the aquatic mammals susceptible to interactions with humans. Dolphin watching tourism has developed to a great extent in the Pipa Beach, Rio Grande do Norte, consequently the number of dolphin-watching boats operating in this area has increased. In the present study the behavioral alterations of Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénédén, 1864 caused by the presence of these boats were verified. Behavioral registers of S. guianensis were compiled from a fixed point on the cliffs close to the study area. The observations were effected when there were no boats, in the presence of boats and after the departure of boats. The results show that type of approach by the dolphin watching boats had a major influence on the behavior of the dolphins, especially so in the groups with

  8. Evaluación de la fractura por fatiga del cigüeñal de un motor Diesel. // Evaluation of the crank shaft fatigue failure of a boat diesel engine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. A. Goytisolo Espinosa

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available En el Trabajo se presentan los resultados de una investigación realizada por el colectivo de Mecánica Aplicada de laFacultad de Ingeniería Mecánica de La Universidad de Cienfuegos, con vistas a esclarecer la causa de la fractura delcigüeñal de uno de los motores de la Moto Nave “Mar del Sur” de le Empresa EQUITALL.La investigación del material del cigüeñal arrojó que se trata de acero 30. Los cálculos realizados demostraron, que lacapacidad resistente de este acero es insuficiente para soportar las tensiones que se desarrollan en el codo de salida delcigüeñal y los factores de seguridad a la fatiga en algunos de los puntos mas críticos del cachete, por donde se produjo lafractura, dan inferiores a la unidad y la aplicación de la Mecánica de la Fractura Subcrítica, confirmó que la Vida Útil delárbol con dicho material, es muy limitada.Palabras claves: Cigüeñal diesel, fractura por fatiga, mecánica de la fractura subcrítica.__________________________________________________________________________Abstract.This research paper shows the results of an investigation carried out by the Applied Mechanics staff of the MechanicalEngineering faculty of the Cienfuegos University. It was developed in order to determine the crankshaft failure causes ofengines of a boat diesel engine.The crankshaft material investigation showed that it was steel grade 30. The calculations showed that the steel resistancecapacity is not enough to support the stresses produced in the crankshaft output elbow. The fatigue security factors in someof the most critical areas of the cheek, where the failure took place, are lower than unity. The subcritical fracture mechanicsapplication confirmed that the shaft working life is quite limited with this steel.Key words: Diesel crankshaft, fatigue fracture, subcritical fracture mechanics.

  9. On Research of the Era of Kechang Chen Became Immortal in the Dragon Boat Festival%《陈可常端阳仙化》为明代作品考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田冬梅; 张颖夫

    2013-01-01

    "San Yan"are the best novels' collections of vernacular short stories in ancient China. There are still lots of controversies and research space about the novels' creative era. Through investigation, the author believes that the novel of Kechang Chen Became Immortal in the Dragon Boat Festival was created in the Ming Dynasty. First of all, the author questioned the previous researching point of view that they thought the novel was written in the Song Dynasty;secondly, according to the differences of the criminal justice system in the Song, the Yuan, the Ming Dynasty, the change of "Samen Island" territorial right, proved that the novel couldn't be written in the Southern Song Dynasty;finally, according to the administrative divisions' history of the "Wenzhou government" and "Lin'an government", the author proved that the novel was written in the Ming Dynasty.%  “三言”是中国古代成就最高的白话短篇小说集,关于其中作品的成书时代依然存在着很大的争议和研究空间。《警世通言·陈可常端阳仙化》一文,胡士莹和郑振铎两位先生认为是宋人话本,实则应为明代作品。首先,对前人提出的“宋人话本”说的研究观点提出质疑;其次,根据宋元明时期刑法制度的差异,“沙门岛”领土所属权的变化,证明这篇作品绝非创作于南宋时期;最后,根据“温州府”和“临安府”行政区划的历史沿革,进一步证明这篇小说为明代作品。

  10. Domestication comparison of Coreius guichenoti in the closed recirculating aquaculture system and the boat -net trunk%封闭循环水系统和船体网箱驯养圆口铜鱼幼鱼的效果比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱挺兵; 吴兴兵; 朱永久; 郭威; 杨德国; 于江; 杨少荣; 王磊

    2015-01-01

    以长江野生圆口铜鱼(Coreius guichenoti)幼鱼(约150~400 g)为试验对象,开展了封闭循环水系统和船体网箱驯养圆口铜鱼的比较试验。每种驯养条件下的试验鱼均按规格分2组进行驯养。封闭循环水系统中2组试验鱼的放养密度分别为11.48 kg/m 3和17.65 kg/m 3,驯养时间为279 d,平均水温为(14.5±3.4)℃。船体网箱中2组试验鱼的放养密度分别为4.40 kg/m 3和7.06 kg/m 3,驯养时间244 d,平均水温为(20.0±3.1)℃。所有试验鱼均采用人工配合饲料进行饱食投喂。结果显示,封闭循环水系统和船体网箱驯养试验鱼的成活率分别为97.75%和83.78%,且大规格试验鱼比小规格试验鱼成活率略高。封闭循环水系统中两组试验鱼的体重特定生长率分别为0.08%/d 和0.11%/d,船体网箱中两组试验鱼的体重特定生长率分别为0.17%/d 和0.21%/d。船体网箱试验鱼的丰满度总体大于封闭循环水系统的试验鱼。封闭循环水系统中全年未暴发重大疾病,船体网箱中暴发过一次较大规模的小瓜虫、车轮虫等寄生虫病。结果表明,封闭循环水系统驯养圆口铜鱼的成活率高但生长较慢,船体网箱驯养圆口铜鱼的生长优势明显但易遭受疾病侵袭。综合而言,封闭循环水系统和船体网箱养殖均是当前比较可行的圆口铜鱼驯养方式。%A comparative domestication study was conducted in the closed recirculating aquaculture system and the boat -net trunk using wild Coreius guichenoti juveniles (about 150 ~400 g) captured from the Yangtze River.For each aquacul-ture facility, experimental fish were divided into two groups based on fish size .The stocking density of the two groups of ex -perimental fish in the closed recirculating aquaculture system were 11.48 kg/m 3 and 17.65 kg/m 3 , and applied for 279 days with a mean water temperature (14.5 ±3.4) ℃.The stocking

  11. 77 FR 18767 - Boating Infrastructure Grant Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... or architect design construction. Section 86.71 How much time do I have to complete the work funded.... We discuss design features at Sec. 86.13. We propose to add to the list of eligible activities those... term ``Harbor of safe refuge.'' Section 86.13 What design features must a BIG-funded facility have?...

  12. Cost Benefit Analysis of Boat Lifts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    might be used for items that degrade as a function of time rather than service, such as hoses or batteries . A final strategy is Preventative...subject to salt air and sea spray. There are measured rates for bare steel corrosion in salt water but our hulls are protected with coatings. It would...put over metals, zinc anodes mounted in areas where a galvanic circuit exists, and even active corrosion protection systems used by some outdrives and

  13. Chignik small boat harbor planning aid report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Unless additional salmon use data would indicate otherwise, harbor site 3 is considered the environmentally preferred alternative for construction of a small...

  14. CNMI Boat-based Creel Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) Creel surveys are operated by the Division of Fish and Wildlife (DFW) and are only on the island of Saipan....

  15. Pelagic Charter Boat Patrons (1999-2001)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This study describes several aspects of the charter fishing experience, including patrons' motivations for coming to Hawaii and going charter fishing, their related...

  16. Safe jacket configurations to resist boat impact

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vredeveldt, A.W.; Schipperen, J.H.A.; Nassár, Q.H.A.; Spaans, C.A.

    2013-01-01

    The paper describes how high energy crashworthiness with respect to ship collisions of a jacket can be predicted through explicit finite element analyses. The classical issue of the material models is discussed. In addition the topics of global jacket dynamics and the definition of failure are discu

  17. 端午节%Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁芳

    2012-01-01

    端午节为每年农历五月初五,又称端阳节、午日节、五月节等;端午节是中国汉族人民纪念屈原的传统节日,更有吃粽子;赛龙舟;挂菖蒲、蒿草、艾叶;薰苍术、白芷;喝雄黄酒的习俗。“端午节”是中国法定节假日之一,并列入世界非物质文化遗产名录。

  18. Food Safety While Hiking, Camping and Boating

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... poultry, double wrap or place the packages in plastic bags to prevent juices from the raw product from ... like dried pasta, rice, and baking mixes in plastic bags and take only the amount you'll need. [ ...

  19. Countering Small Boat Terrorism in Territorial Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    as far as Malta .48 Israel’s protective strategy has been primarily two-pronged. The first level comprises of enhancing the MDA by gathering...response.  Weather condition, such as precipitation , etc., through which the pulses are to travel, will not unduly attenuate the signal.59

  20. I Feel so Alive in the Boat!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnussen, Leif Inge

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the meaning Norwegian sea kayakers form in their engagement with nature and their reflections upon uncertainty and resistance. Findings in this paper stem from ethnographic fieldwork conducted in a sea kayak community, with the aim of describing learning processes and experiences made outdoors by recreational sea kayakers. Sea…

  1. People's Union rocks coalition boat / Aleksei Gunter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gunter, Aleksei, 1979-

    2003-01-01

    Pingelisest olukorrast võimukoalitsioonis. Kommentaarid Rahvaliidu esimehelt Villu Reiljanilt, Reformierakonna esimehelt Siim Kallaselt, Keskerakonna liikmelt Sven Mikserilt ja Mõõdukate esimehelt Ivari Padarilt

  2. On Cultural Power in Construction of Local Identify from Perspective of Dragon-Boat Festival's "Application for Intangible Cultural Heritage"%从端午“申遗”看地方建构的文化动力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘朝晖

    2011-01-01

    本文以端午"申遗"作为考察对象,探讨地方性的文化生产、文化权利与地方认同之间的关系,以反思地方认同建构过程中的文化动力。文章认为,中国各地端午文化习俗"入遗"与其说是因为各具丰富地方性文化内涵,还不如说是地方社会通过凝聚文化认同的力量,来主张自己的文化权利,以完成地方建构的目的。地方认同的重构既是对市场化、全球化的回应,也是在地方政府的主导下,有意识地被生产出来的。%By studying the Dragon-Boat Festival's application for intangible cultural heritage,this paper discusses the relationship between local cultural production,cultural rights and identity so as to reflect on the cultural power in the construction of local identity.The author argues that it is not just because of a rich cultural connotation of locality that various places in China apply for cultural heritage with the Dragon Boat Festival;rather,it is a way of rallying power of cultural identity and claiming cultural rights,through which the local identity can be constructed.Local identity is reconstructed as an answer to marketization and globalization;it is also produced deliberately under the guidance of local governments.

  3. 76 FR 18391 - Safety Zone; Texas International Boat Show Power Boat Races; Corpus Christi Marina, Corpus...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-04

    ... USCG-2011-0140 in the ``Keyword'' box, and then clicking ``Search.'' They are also available for... representative of the Captain of the Port over the race committee's loud hailer speaker system when the ] safety... the Captain of the Port over the race committee's loud hailer speaker system when the safety zone...

  4. 基于自适应迭代学习控制的工作艇收放装置主动减摆策略研究%Research on Active Pendulation Control ofDavit for Working Boat Based on Adaptive Iterative Learning Control Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高云剑; 史洪宇

    2015-01-01

    工作艇收放装置主要用于完成快速、安全地将舰船上的小艇及人员移至水面,或安全回收工作艇至舰船上等海上任务。针对这一典型的欠驱动机械系统,采用拉格朗日方程的方法建立其动力学模型。根据舰船在海上的实际运动情况,对系统的二维动力学模型进行描述,分析小艇摇摆的二维平面摆角,研究其在船体运动影响下的变化情况。然后在上述非线性动力学模型的基础上,针对系统的摆动部分,为其设计自适应迭代控制闭环控制器,达到消摆的目的。最后,仿真结果证明了此控制方法的有效性。%The davit installed on the ship is mainly used for improving the security and efficiency of offshore operations during the process of folding and unfolding a working boat. Based on Lagrange equations, a dynamic model is derived for typical underactuated mechanical davit system. According to the actual movements of the ship, two-dimensional model of the system is described in detail to analyze the swing angle of the boat, which is changed with the movements of ship. Then, based on this nonlinear dynamic model, a closed-loop controller is designed to reduce swing angle and improve the working efficiency. Finally, the simulation results can verify the effectiveness of the control method.

  5. Interpretation of Lao She's Qilv· Dragon Boat Festival: Two Poems: on Friendship between Lao She and Wu Zuxiang as Well%老舍《七律·端午(二首)》解读——兼论老舍与吴组缃的友谊

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘诚言

    2012-01-01

    老舍《七律·端午(二首)》,塑造了吴组缃父子两个个性鲜明、生动的艺术形象,表现了老舍与吴组缃之间非同寻常的深情厚谊。这种深情厚谊,70年来,成为文人之间友谊的典范,成为我们今天珍惜美好生活和亲密友情的绝好教材。%Qilv · Dragon Boat Festival:Two Poems written by Lao She in 1942 portrayed two artistic images with peculiar and vivid personality for Wu Zuxiang and his son, and displayed the unusually profound friendship be- tween Lao She and Wu Zuxiang. In the past 70 years, the profound friendship has set a good example for the friendship among intellectuals and has become an excellent textbook for us to cherish our happy life and intimate friendship.

  6. 论体育非物质文化遗产与文化产业的发展——以陕南安康龙舟节为例%Development of Sports Non-material Cultural Heritage and Cultural Industry:Taking Dragon Boat Festival of Ankang in South of Shaanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳慧玲; 李旭芝; 万秦华

    2012-01-01

    通过回顾安康龙舟节的产业化发展历程,分析了体育非物质文化遗产在社会转型时期的产业化发展途径,并提出既要继承体育非物质文化遗产的文化传统,又要使传统活动与时代需要同步发展的原则,从而对我国文化产业的发展,对继承和发展体育非物质文化遗产,提供一个新的思维向度和观察视野.%Through the review of the Dragon Boat Festival industrialization development, the paper analyzes the industrialization development way of the sports intangible cultural heritage in the social transformation period, puts forward that we should not only inherite the traditional culture of sports intangible cultural heritage, but also make the traditional activities develop with the times require, thus provide a new thinking direction and field of view for the development of cultural industry, the inheritance and development of sports intangible cultural heritage.

  7. 生命同舟俱乐部模式健康教育对乳腺癌病人及配偶生活质量的影响%Influence of life boat club mode of health education on quality of life of patients with breast cancer and their spouses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴春燕; 陆亚青; 陶利群; 沈定玉; 杨雪芳; 惠勤; 倪卫燕

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the influence of “life boat club”health education on the quality of life of pa-tients with breast cancer and their spouses.Methods:A total of 100 breast cancer patients who underwent modi-fied radical mastectomy and their spouse were randomly divided into intervention group and control group with 50 cases each.Patients in intervention group were involved in the “life boat club”.Cases in control group re-ceived routine nursing care.At 1st month,3rd month,6th month after surgery and before admission of chemo-therapy,their quality of life was measured.Results:After the intervention,quality of life score,physiological sta-tus,functional status scores of breast cancer patients in intervention group were higher than that in control group from the beginning 1 months after operation (P<0.05).The scores of social/family status,emotional sta-tus,additional status were higher than that in control group from 3 months after the operation(P<0.05).The qual-ity of life score and all dimensions scores changed with the score of intervention time.And there was interaction between the way of intervention and intervention time.The physiological health score of spouse was higher than that in control group from the third months after operation(P<0.05).Mental health score was higher than that in control group from the first month after operation(P<0.05).The physiological function of quality of life and mental health score were higher than the control group from the first month after operation(P<0.05).The vitality,so-cial function and emotional function were higher than that in control group from third month after surgery(P<0.05).The physiological function and general health were higher than that in control group from 6 months after operation(P<0.05 ).Two areas and dimensions (except social function)scores with the intervention time change,(in addition to physical pain)showed the interaction between intervention and intervention time.Conclu-sion:“Life boat

  8. The behavior of Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénéden in Pernambuco coastal waters, Brazil, and a further analysis of its reaction to boat traffic O comportamento de Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénéden em águas costeiras de Pernambuco, Brasil, e uma análise adicional de sua reação ao tráfego de embarcações

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina P. Araújo

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available There is still little knowledge about the behavior of the estuarine dolphins and also the way they react to the presence of different types of vessels. The aim of the present study was twofold: to investigate the behavior of estuarine dolphins in four locations in Pernambuco, Brazil, and also their reaction to the presence of common types of nautical crafts. The data of this study resulted from 48 fieldtrips to each of the four localities studied (ports of Recife and Suape, and beaches of Bairro Novo and Piedade, thus totaling 192 days of observations, with approximately 380 hours of actual sampling. Ten types of behavioral activities were counted for Bairro Novo beach and the port areas, but only four for Piedade beach. The greatest flows of boats were recorded in the port of Recife. Fishing boats were the commonest type in the port area of Recife and Bairro Novo beach, while tourist vessels predominated in the port of Suape and Piedade beach. During the observations of encounters between these boats and the estuarine dolphins, neutral reactions predominated for all the vessel types studied. The same type of reaction predominated when the distances at which the interactions between the animals and vessels occurred were correlated.Ainda se sabe pouco sobre o comportamento do boto-cinza, assim como a forma pela qual ele reage a diferentes tipos de embarcações. O presente estudo teve dois objetivos: investigar o comportamento dos botos-cinzas em quatro localidades de Pernambuco, Brasil, assim como a reação destes para com as embarcações náuticas comuns. Os dados foram coletados no período de setembro de 2004 a agosto de 2006, no horário das 6 às 17 h. Os dados desta pesquisa resultaram de 48 saídas a campo para cada uma das quatro localidades estudadas (Portos do Recife e Suape, praia de Bairro Novo e Piedade, totalizando 192 dias de observações, sendo aproximadamente 380 horas de amostragens efetivas. Foram contados dez tipos de

  9. Boarding Neurath's Boat: The Early Development of Quine's Naturalism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhaegh, Sander

    2016-01-01

    W.V. Quine is arguably the intellectual father of contemporary naturalism, the idea that there is no distinctively philosophical perspective on reality. Yet even though Quine has always been a science-minded philosopher, he did not adopt a fully naturalistic perspective until the early 1950s. In thi

  10. 76 FR 58817 - National Boating Safety Advisory Council; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-22

    ... reach Mr. Jeff Ludwig, Assistant Designated Federal Officer (ADFO) for NBSAC by October 3, 2011. Any... with disabilities or to request special assistance at the meeting, contact Mr. Jeff Ludwig as soon as..., and requests to make oral presentations to Mr. Jeff Ludwig, ADFO for NBSAC, by one of the...

  11. Water tubing injury: An overlooked boating injury statistic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan D Baum

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A 23-year-old female sustained a large avulsion injury to the groin while water tubing on a local waterway. The laceration began at the mons pubis, extended along the labia majora with involvement of the external anal sphincter. The pubic bone and the pectineus muscle were exposed. Six weeks after surgery, she had resumed full activity without sequlae. Lack of data and the potential for significant injury caused by water tubing as described in this case report are a real concern. Water tubing injury should be classified as a primary accident type and analyzed by the U.S. Coast Guard.

  12. Traditional boat-building and navigational techniques of southern Orissa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.

    stream_size 14 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name J_Indian_Ocean_Stud_3_66.pdf.txt stream_source_info J_Indian_Ocean_Stud_3_66.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  13. Mother goddesses with boat motifs on stone sculptures from Goa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kerkar, R.; Gaur, A.S.

    and AS. Gaur2 'Ken, Sattari, Goa-403 505, 2National Institute of Oceanograpgy, Dona Paula, Goa References Costa, Fr. C.J. 2002. The Heritage of Govapuri. Goa: Pilar Publication. Gaur, A.S. 1992. Excavation at an Ancient Port in Gopakapattana...

  14. 78 FR 61866 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-04

    ...'' under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. ADDRESSES: The meeting will be held at the Omni Royal Orleans Hotel...] [FR Doc No: 2013-24314] DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service [FWS-HQ-EA-2013-N219... Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service...

  15. 46 CFR 169.833 - Fire and boat drills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... hand-propelling gear of each lifeboat, where fitted, must be operated for at least 5 minutes. (5) In... trained. The master shall ensure that each lifeboat is lowered to the water at least once every 3 months... that the gear is in proper order. (7) The person in charge of each lifeboat and liferaft shall have...

  16. Traditional boat-building centres around Chilka lake of Orissa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Raut, L.N.; Tripati, S.

    stream_size 5 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name J_Mar_Archaeol_4_51.pdf.txt stream_source_info J_Mar_Archaeol_4_51.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  17. U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Boating Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... NBSAC 91 Resolution Status Report Grants State Grants Nonprofit Organization Grants Grant Archives Grant Links Beacon Alerts New RBS Strategic Plan for 2017-2021 FY17 National Nonprofit Organization Funding Opportunity Application Deadline Announced MARINE SAFETY ALERT ...

  18. The Causes of Blistering in Boat Building Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-08-01

    the resinas high strength (well cured, highly cross-linked, reinforced with glass) it can survive the stress and not crack. If cracking does take place...an EG orthophthalic laminating 66 resina , blistered more severely than isophthalio gel coated panels made with the other laminating resins. These

  19. Dental health of Vietnamese Boat People on Pulau Bidong, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheutz, F; Heidmann, J; Poulsen, S

    1983-08-01

    The influx of refugees from Vietnam to the industrialized countries has attracted a certain interest to studies describing the oral health status of these population groups. The present study comprises 361 refugees arriving in Malaysia from Vietnam and collected immediately at the refugee camp on Pulau Bidong. Dental caries, calculus, gingival bleeding and loss of periodontal attachment were recorded. Mean dmft increased from 1.3 for 0-2-yr-olds to 7.4 for 3-5-yr-olds. For 6-9-yr-olds mean DMFT was 2.4 while it ranged between 8.5 and 10.10 for the older age groups. The frequency of secondary lesions was high for all age groups. Calculus increased consistently with age, while gingival bleeding was common even in the youngest age group. Loss of periodontal attachment greater than or equal to 6 mm was rare in all age groups except the oldest (45 yr or older). A strategy for oral health care for these population groups is discussed.

  20. 五月端午%The Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍家虎

    2009-01-01

    @@ 农历五月,榴花似火,红杏如铃,传统的端午节来到了. 端午节,本名端五节,又称端阳节、重五节.端,开端,初始的意思.古人谓初一为端一,初二为端二,依序而称,初五为端五.又因农历以地支纪月,正月为寅,二月为卯;顺次至五月为午.午五同音,因此五月初五就叫做端午或重五.

  1. 端午节&粽子%Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱萍; 刘占文

    2005-01-01

    农历五月初五,是中国民间的传统节日——端午节,它是中华民族古老的传统节日之一。关于端午节的由来,说法甚多,诸如:纪念屈原说、纪念伍子胥说、纪念曹娥说、吴月民族图腾祭说等。但千百年来,在民俗文化领域,中国民众把端午节的龙舟竞渡和吃粽子等。

  2. Chinese Dragon Boat Festival%话说端午

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高丙中

    2010-01-01

    @@ 端午节又称重午节、端阳节、浴兰节、女儿节等.端午节最初的时令是午月午日,有时还突出它的正时是在午时,所以也叫重午节:午月为斗柄指午之月,即农历五月;午日即农历五月十二支纪日的第一个午日.

  3. 端午の粽%Dragon boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ 端午節の由来につ いては、さまざまな說がめりますが、そもそもの由来は古代より伝わるもので、疫病を避けるために消毒をする日とされてきました.

  4. 别样端午%The Special Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈艺军; 刘汪洋

    2010-01-01

    @@ 包粽子,舞龙,画画,唱红歌,体验老人赐福……6月12日,古镇磁器口热闹非凡.由重庆市委宣传部、市文明办、市文化广电局、广电集团及沙坪坝区委、区政府主办的"我们的节日·重庆磁器口端午日"活动上,9万多市民、游客和外宾参加了街市活动.

  5. 75 FR 25872 - National Boating Safety Advisory Committee; Vacancies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ... Regulations. In support of the policy of the Coast Guard on gender and ethnic nondiscrimination, we encourage..., 2009, (74 FR 22174) will be considered for the 2011 vacancies and do not need to submit another... compensation from the Federal Government. The exception to this policy is when attending NBSAC...

  6. Technical Evaluation of the Norwegian Crew Concept Boat (CG-502001) and Comparison to the 41-FT Utility Boat (UTB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-11-01

    fatigue vibration treatment, in terms of comparisons with ISO Standards 2631/1 and 2631/3, was not performed. ISO Standard 2631/1 provides limits of...exposure for vibrations transmitted to the human body in the frequency range of 1 to 80 Hz. ISO Standard 2631/3 treats the special case of vibrations...BAN 0.00 761.40 MOAL DISEM OIL 33.90 248.866 2.670 ൴.47 UAW34 3UQ.02F 0.011 0.00 123.00 13333 WI!E (Up.V@1. a 3S.8814 ftt/L?) so. 011UIPTION Z PALL

  7. A Study of Boat and Boat Propeller-Related Injuries in the United States, 1991-1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    propeller 1 gas propeller 2 water (jet) 2 water (jet) 9 don’t know 9 don’t know e.Number of 0 none 0 none propellers 1 one propeller 1 one propeller 2 two...stern drive 3 stern drive 4 jet drive 4 jet drive 5 fan 5 fan 6 other: 6 other: 9 don’t know 9 don’t know d.Power source: 0 none 0 none 1 gas

  8. Analysis of the population structure of dinoflagellate cysts in the sediment of ballast tank of four cargo boats at Zhoushan Port%舟山港4艘商船压舱箱沉积物中甲藻孢囊种群结构的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴鑫烽; 陆斗定; 王春生; 夏平; 黄雷; 王采典; 王红霞; 黄海燕; 何飘霞

    2012-01-01

    为了解商船压舱箱沉积物在海洋水生生物入侵过程中扮演的潜在媒介作用,本文利用光学显微镜观察法,研究了停泊于我国舟山港4艘商船压舱箱沉积物中甲藻孢囊的种类组成、孢囊密度、香农-威纳指数(H')和PSP原因种,并对甲藻孢囊种群结构进行了相关性分析.结果表明,鉴定出的甲藻孢囊隶属于5大类,共24种,4份样品中甲藻孢囊的种群结构各有差异,但均检测出能产生麻痹性贝毒(Paralytic Shellfish Poisons,PSP)的甲藻孢囊,如亚历山大藻Alexandrium spp.和链状裸甲藻Gymnodium catenatum.在4艘商船的压舱箱沉积物中均检测出有硅藻分布,其中在富成轮压舱箱沉积物中还检测出3种未知种孢囊.通过相关性分析可知,甲藻孢囊H'值与PSP甲藻孢囊密度占总甲藻孢囊密度的比率呈负相关.甲藻可以通过商船压舱箱沉积物为传播媒介,以孢囊形式来扩大其生物地理分布,提高甲藻物种多样性可有助于降低PSP甲藻的破坏风险.因此,有效处理船只压舱箱沉积物、积极保护当地海洋生物物种多样性,对于降低外来甲藻物种(特别是一些有毒有害种)的赤潮风险和保持当地海洋生态系统的平衡,具有十分重要的意义.%Ballast water of the merchant vessel plays an important role in the invasion of alien marine species which may damage the local marine ecosystem. However, the potential role of the ballast tank sediment in the transmission of the alien species is always underestimated. Using optical microscopic viewing method, the species composition, cyst density, Shannon-Weiner index(H'), Paralytic Shellfish Poisons (PSP) causative species and their relationships of the dinoflagellate cysts from the sediment of four cargo boats at Zhoushan Port were studied, and 24 types of dinoflagellate cysts of 5 groups were identified including some toxic species such as Alexandrium spp. And Gymnodium catenatum which could produce PSP

  9. Dragon Boat, the Dragon-Boat Festival, and Qu Yuan, the Great Poet%龙舟、端午节和屈原

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游修龄

    2001-01-01

    龙舟是舟的一种,甲骨文中分别有舟和龙字,但没有龙舟连称。随着历史发展,龙舟一词出现了。龙舟最初指竞渡之舟,后来它的含义扩增了,可以兼指大的船,天子所坐的船也专称龙舟;画有龙纹装饰、甚至有楼台亭阁的游娱之船也称龙舟。本文专指端午竞渡的龙舟。

  10. Sailing the Archipelago in a boat of rhymes Pantun in the Malay world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Haji Salleh

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The extremely popular poetic form from Insular Southeast Asia, the pantun, travelled from its unknown source throughout the Malay Archipelago, first in Malay, then in the languages of Southeast Asia. In the ports and states where they were received, local colour, other idiosyncrasies, references, and linguistic characteristics have been added, and in fact, special forms with special names developed. This basic form is known, composed, and loved in at least 40 dialects of Malay, and 35 non-Malay languages, in the Peninsula and many of the islands of Malaysia and Indonesia. It spread through trade routes, ports, and also via diasporas and colonial economic projects which caused numerous peoples to move, who in turn brought the pantun along with them. It is now the most dynamic single literary form and has the longest history.

  11. Sailing the Archipelago in a boat of rhymes Pantun in the Malay world

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Haji Salleh

    2011-01-01

    The extremely popular poetic form from Insular Southeast Asia, the pantun, travelled from its unknown source throughout the Malay Archipelago, first in Malay, then in the languages of Southeast Asia. In the ports and states where they were received, local colour, other idiosyncrasies, references, and linguistic characteristics have been added, and in fact, special forms with special names developed. This basic form is known, composed, and loved in at least 40 dialects of Malay, and 35 non-Mal...

  12. 《醉舟》的文化阐释%Cultural explanation of "The Drunken Boat"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡蓉

    2005-01-01

    普罗米修斯般的诗人兰波(Arthur Rimbaud)十七岁时的诗作作为前期象征派的代表作影响深远.它采用传统的亚历山大律,用年轻的幻想在诗歌中经历着一番风暴,乘着醉舟驶向未知的乐园.把诗中"舟"与"海"的意向从文化角度进行阐释,可以看出诗人对西方文明的态度,从而更全面地理解诗作和"通灵者"兰波.

  13. A structural analysis of an ocean going patrol boat subjected to planning loads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, James H.; Lafreniere, Robert; Stoodt, Robert; Wiedenheft, John

    1987-01-01

    A static structural analysis of an ocean going patrol vessel subjected to hydrodynamic planning loads is discussed. The analysis required the development of a detailed model that included hull plating, five structural bulkheads, longitudinal and transverse stiffners, and a coarse representation of the superstructure. The finite element model was developed from fabrication drawings using the Navy computer aided design system. Various stress and displacement contours are shown for the entire hull. Because several critical areas appeared to be overstressed, these areas were remeshed for detail and are presented for completeness.

  14. Environmental Assessment: Proposed Lakeview Marina Site Boat Ramp and Access, Saylorville Lake, Polk County, Iowa

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    cover of yellow sweet clover, red clover, and a small amount of brome grass ( Bromus sp.). Trees within the upper zone include sapling and intermediate...clover, brome grass , and switchgrass ( Paspalum virgatum) with small amounts of goldenrod (Solidago sp.) poison ivy, milkweed (Amaranthus sp.), thistle...amount of brome grass ( Bromus sp.). Trees within the upper zone include sapling and intermediate size shagbark hickory, sumac (Rhus glabra), and white

  15. An Empty Table and an Empty Boat: Empathic Encounters with Refugee Experiences in Intermedial Installation Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Houwen Janna

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay is an inquiry into two intermedial installations that address the experiences of people on the run from war or poverty, yet overtly hinder and problematize the viewer’s identification with the depicted refugees. By doing so, Friday Table (2013 by art collective Foundland, and Isaac Julien’s video installation Ten Thousand Waves (2010 differ from the many contemporary discourses dealing with the so-called refugee crisis that suggest a blind assumption of empathy’s benevolence. Taking theoretical texts concerning the relation between empathy, politics and the (lens-based representation of refugees by, for instance, Slavoj Zizek (2016 and Jill Bennett (2005 as a starting point, I read Friday Table and Ten Thousand Waves as reflections on the pitfalls as well as the critical political possibilities of empathy in contemporary debates on refugees. Moreover, I argue that the two lens-based installations in question are able to examine the limits of empathy and identification with refugees through their common denominator: intermediality. Both Friday Table and Ten Thousand Waves combine lens-based media (photography, video and film with non-lens-based medial forms such as drawings, graphs and calligraphy. As I will demonstrate, the interplay between different media is decisive when it comes to the way in which the three works of art produce, manage and reflect on the relation between spectators and depicted refugees.

  16. Physarum Boats: If Plasmodium Sailed It Would Never Leave a Port

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Adamatzky

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum is a single huge (visible by naked eye cell with a myriad of nuclei. The plasmodium is a promising substrate for non-classical, nature-inspired computing devices. It is capable of approximation of the shortest path in a maze, computation of planar proximity graphs and plane tessellations, primitive memory and decision making. The unique properties of the plasmodium make it an ideal candidate for a role of amorphous biological robots with massive parallel information processing and distributed inputs and outputs. We show that when adhered to a lightweight object resting on a water surface the plasmodium can propel the object by oscillating its protoplasmic pseudopodia. In experimental laboratory conditions and computational experiments we study phenomenology of the plasmodium-floater system, and possible mechanisms of controlling motion of objects propelled by on-board plasmodium.

  17. 75 FR 33631 - Office of the Secretary: Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... balanced, cross-sectional representation of public and private sector organizations. The Council will... organization; aquatic resource outreach and education organizations; and tourism industry. The Council...

  18. Deployable Command and Control System for Over the Horizon Small Boat Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    string strSideA; string strSideB; string strSideC; decimal sideA ; decimal sideB...strings to decimal data types sideA = decimal.Parse(strSideA); sideB = decimal.Parse(strSideB); sideC...decimal.Parse(strSideC); //calculate the angle cosignof angle c-b angCos = ((( sideA * sideA ) - (sideB * sideB

  19. Are We All in the Same Boat? The Role of Perceptual Distance in Organizational Health Interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasson, Henna; von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica; Nielsen, Karina; Tafvelin, Susanne

    2016-10-01

    The study investigates how agreement between leaders' and their team's perceptions influence intervention outcomes in a leadership-training intervention aimed at improving organizational learning. Agreement, i.e. perceptual distance was calculated for the organizational learning dimensions at baseline. Changes in the dimensions from pre-intervention to post-intervention were evaluated using polynomial regression analysis with response surface analysis. The general pattern of the results indicated that the organizational learning improved when leaders and their teams agreed on the level of organizational learning prior to the intervention. The improvement was greatest when the leader's and the team's perceptions at baseline were aligned and high rather than aligned and low. The least beneficial scenario was when the leader's perceptions were higher than the team's perceptions. These results give insights into the importance of comparing leaders' and their team's perceptions in intervention research. Polynomial regression analyses with response surface methodology allow three-dimensional examination of relationship between two predictor variables and an outcome. This contributes with knowledge on how combination of predictor variables may affect outcome and allows studies of potential non-linearity relating to the outcome. Future studies could use these methods in process evaluation of interventions. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. Does the boat float? - The impact of teaching sustainable development in design and engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Eyto, A.; McMahon, M.; Mulder, K.F.; Wever, R.; De Werk, G.; Overschie, M.G.F.

    2013-01-01

    Education for sustainable development fundamentally calls for a change in the way we educate (teaching methodologies), what we teach (the curriculum and subject matter), and why we do it (learning outcomes & professional impact) (Bhamra & Dewberry, 2007). But what should this change look like in Eng

  1. Cultural Resources Reconnaissance Survey for Geneva-on-the-Lake Small Boat Harbor Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-02-01

    Anthropology, Columbia University M.A., Anthm-roology, Syracuse University (1977) B.A., (Licnciatura), Anthropology, Universidad de las Americas, Puebla , Me...Affiliation: Universidad de las ~Aericas 1972 - Pre-Colunbian Ceremonial Site Survev. State of Mexio Affiliation: Universidad de las Americas 1971

  2. Dredging Effects on Eelgrass (Zostera marina) Distribution in a New England Small Boat Harbor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-07-01

    Fonseca, M. (1996). “Light requirements of seagrasses Halodule wrightii and Syringodium filiforme derived from the relationship 30 References between...array of fishes and invertebrates (Thayer et al. 1984, Hughes et al. 2002). Many of these species reach their maximum abundance and biomass in areas

  3. The Chesapeake: A Boating Guide to Weather. Educational Series Number 25.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucy, Jon; And Others

    The purpose of this publication is to promote a better understanding of how basic weather features develop on Chesapeake Bay and enable boaters to enjoy the Bay's unique waterways. Sections include: (1) Chesapeake Bay climate; (2) general weather features; (3) seasonal trends; (4) sources of weather information and forecasts; (5) weather service…

  4. 76 FR 2917 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68) AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security... (CBP Form I-68). This is a proposed extension of an information collection that was previously approved... Landing Permit. OMB Number: 1651-0108. Form Number: CBP Form I-68. Abstract: The Canadian Border...

  5. Physarum boats: If plasmodium sailed it would never leave a port

    CERN Document Server

    Adamatzky, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Plasmodium of \\emph{Physarum polycephalum} is a single huge (visible by naked eye) cell with myriad of nuclei. The plasmodium is a promising substrate for non-classical, nature-inspired, computing devices. It is capable for approximation of shortest path, computation of planar proximity graphs and plane tessellations, primitive memory and decision-making. The unique properties of the plasmodium make it an ideal candidate for a role of amorphous biological robots with massive parallel information processing and distributed inputs and outputs. We show that when adhered to light-weight object resting on a water surface the plasmodium can propel the object by oscillating its protoplasmic pseudopodia. In experimental laboratory conditions and computational experiments we study phenomenology of the plasmodium-floater system, and possible mechanisms of controlling motion of objects propelled by on board plasmodium.

  6. The use of variability of repolarization for monitoring of arrhythmic risk : "the rocking of the boat"

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterhoff, P.

    2011-01-01

    The majority of deaths in the western world are of cardiovascular origin. Approximately 60% of these cardiovascular deaths are sudden. Implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has been proven effective in preventing sudden cardiac death in patients at increased risk. An ICD ca

  7. 78 FR 59819 - Special Local Regulation; Clearwater Super Boat National Championship Race, Gulf of Mexico...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... spectator area, where all vessels must be anchored or operate at No Wake Speed. DATES: This rule will be... anchored or operate at No Wake Speed. Persons and vessels may request authorization to enter, transit... receiving such authorization must comply with the instructions of the Captain of the Port St. Petersburg...

  8. 77 FR 59548 - Special Local Regulation Clearwater Super Boat National Championship Race, Gulf of Mexico...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ..., or remaining within; and a spectator area, where all vessels must be anchored or operate at No Wake...; and (3) a spectator area, where all vessels must be anchored or operate at a No Wake Speed. Persons... authorization must comply with the instructions of the Captain of the Port St. Petersburg or a...

  9. Don't Rock the Boat : How Antiphase Crew Coordination Affects Rowing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Brouwer, Anouk J.; de Poel, Harjo J.; Hofmijster, Mathijs J.

    2013-01-01

    It is generally accepted that crew rowing requires perfect synchronization between the movements of the rowers. However, a long-standing and somewhat counterintuitive idea is that out-of-phase crew rowing might have benefits over in-phase (i.e., synchronous) rowing. In synchronous rowing, 5 to 6% of

  10. Navigation System Design and State Estimation for a Small Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RHIB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    data from Condor to MATLAB / Simulink and imports control surface commands from Simulink to Condor. The following states of interest are available...what exactly differs between MATLAB and Simulink execution of certain function calls, what is apparent is that it is possible to reduce the relative...differences between MATLAB and Simulink execution of the QR decomposition and Cholesky Update operators. D. ATTITUDE PERFORMANCE Two experiments were

  11. A comparison between boat-based and diver-based methods for quantifying coral bleaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zawada, David G.; Ruzicka, Rob; Colella, Michael A.

    2015-01-01

    Recent increases in both the frequency and severity of coral bleaching events have spurred numerous surveys to quantify the immediate impacts and monitor the subsequent community response. Most of these efforts utilize conventional diver-based methods, which are inherently time-consuming, expensive, and limited in spatial scope unless they deploy large teams of scientifically-trained divers. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of the Along-Track Reef Imaging System (ATRIS), an automated image-acquisition technology, for assessing a moderate bleaching event that occurred in the summer of 2011 in the Florida Keys. More than 100,000 images were collected over 2.7 km of transects spanning four patch reefs in a 3-h period. In contrast, divers completed 18, 10-m long transects at nine patch reefs over a 5-day period. Corals were assigned to one of four categories: not bleached, pale, partially bleached, and bleached. The prevalence of bleaching estimated by ATRIS was comparable to the results obtained by divers, but only for corals > 41 cm in size. The coral size-threshold computed for ATRIS in this study was constrained by prevailing environmental conditions (turbidity and sea state) and, consequently, needs to be determined on a study-by-study basis. Both ATRIS and diver-based methods have innate strengths and weaknesses that must be weighed with respect to project goals.

  12. Environmental Assessment for Construction of a 20-Slip Boat Dock Structure MacDill AFB, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata Endangered 04/01/03 Invertebrates elkhorn coral Acropora palmata Threatened 5/9/06 staghorn coral Acropora ... cervicornis Threatened 5/9/06 Designated Critical Habitat Gulf Sturgeon: A final rule designating Gulf sturgeon critical habitat was published on March 19

  13. Swift Boat Veterans for Truth: A Case Study For Frame Building

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    provide the public their news frames (Golan & Wanta, 2001). Entman (1993) stated that framing is important to political communication because the...effects of political communication . Mass Communication & Society, 3(2 & 3), 297-316. Severin, W. & Tankard, J. (2001). Communication Theories

  14. Whittier small boat harbor, Shotgun Cove, Whittier, Alaska, feasibility stage: Planning aid report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Site A {Mouth of the Cove) is the most environmentally acceptable alternative and should be studied further. The impacts expected to occur at the less...

  15. 'A Sea of Small Boats': places and practices on the prehistoric seascape of western Britain

    OpenAIRE

    Gary Robinson

    2013-01-01

    In the last 20 years landscape archaeology in Britain has developed in many directions, providing increasingly sophisticated understandings of prehistoric people's sense of place. In contrast to the growing body of work considering landscape, little attention has been given to the sea. Some archaeologists have noted the significance of the sea to the settings of monuments, where the sea is interpreted as a symbolic or metaphorical backdrop to life, and death, on the land. But prehistoric coas...

  16. 'A Sea of Small Boats': places and practices on the prehistoric seascape of western Britain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary Robinson

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the last 20 years landscape archaeology in Britain has developed in many directions, providing increasingly sophisticated understandings of prehistoric people's sense of place. In contrast to the growing body of work considering landscape, little attention has been given to the sea. Some archaeologists have noted the significance of the sea to the settings of monuments, where the sea is interpreted as a symbolic or metaphorical backdrop to life, and death, on the land. But prehistoric coastal, and island communities did not just gaze across the sea, but physically engaged with it, through the daily practices of seafaring and fishing. This article argues that the sea was not merely a neutral backdrop for human action, but was an active medium through which prehistoric communities lived, experienced and ordered their world. It will be argued that a consideration of the social construction of prehistoric seascapes is central to an understanding of the archaeological record of island and coastal communities in British Prehistory. The article draws upon recent studies within landscape archaeology, maritime archaeology and maritime anthropology in order to construct a framework for exploring prehistoric seascapes. The archaeological evidence for the prehistoric use of the sea will be summarised for Western Britain and Ireland and key themes for further study identified. These themes will be examined through a detailed case study exploring the prehistoric archaeology of the Isles of Scilly. The case study will consider how we might begin to study the seascape and journeys made within it and how such journeys might be linked to the prehistoric archaeology of island and coastal landscapes. The social and symbolic meanings of the archaeological record will be investigated through an examination of their distribution, configuration and relationship to marine and terrestrial topography. It will be shown that the construction of the archaeological record of prehistoric coastal and island communities is intimately linked to the sea and that through such construction, experience of the later prehistoric landscape and seascape was manipulated and transformed.

  17. Moving beyond the Boat without a Paddle: Reality Pedagogy, Black Youth, and Urban Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emdin, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    Much of the research that focuses on the academic success of Black youth in urban science education does not consider the provision of tools that educators can use in becoming more effective. This article discusses this issue, and introduces an approach to pedagogy--reality pedagogy--which includes five distinct types of practices (the 5 C's)…

  18. SMP93-PC: Standard Ship Motion Program for Personal Computer with Small Boat Capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-01

    W*V/OMEGAE*FJ{Z*TOD*PHI2D(3) DO 4 1=1,3 CIV (KI)=CIV(K,I)+WTDL(J,K)*CT(I) IF (ADDEES) NTV(K,I)=HTV(K,I)4WTDL(J,K)*HT(I) 4 CONTINUE IF PADRES ) HT7(K...8217DISP.’,’VEL. ’.’ACC. V/ DATA PT /’Pl’,’P2’,’P3’ )P4 pS’,)Pe’lP7),IP8’IP9’ ,’ PIO ’/ DATA TT /’DSP’,’VEL’,’ACC’/, DATA PPM /’LON’,’LAT’,’VER’/ 2AT ’HEAVE

  19. 78 FR 35593 - Special Local Regulation; Christmas Boat Parade, San Juan Harbor; San Juan, PR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice... public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73, FR 3316). 4. Public Meeting...

  20. Missing links in the history of boat building technology of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rao, S.R.

    stream_size 8 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Mar_Archaeol_4_60.pdf.txt stream_source_info Mar_Archaeol_4_60.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  1. Rafts, Boats, and Cruise Ships : Naturalism and holism in Quine’s philosophy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhaegh, Sander

    2015-01-01

    During the past few decades, a radical shift has occurred in how philosophers conceive of the relation between science and philosophy. A great number of analytic philosophers have adopted what is commonly called a naturalistic approach, arguing that their inquiries ought to be in some sense continuo

  2. Boat-Wave-Induced Bank Erosion on the Kenai River, Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    72 Table 14. Erosion rates as determined by Scott (1982).......................................................................83...Anchorage – Orson Smith (PhD engineer); Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation – Jim Rypkema (water quality), Kent Patrick-Riley (water quality...interspersed with coarse strata from fluvial outwash. Both the bed material and the channel pattern reflect previous glacial discharges ( Scott 1982) and

  3. Assessing Grand Strategies: How the EU and NATO Rock the Strategic Boat

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    arose. Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart dynamically contributed to the debate by promoting the concept of grand strategy.50 However, the concept of grand...the Science of War, 105–6. Corbett, Some Principles of Maritime Strategy, 308. 58. Basil Henry Liddell Hart, Strategy, 2nd rev. ed (New York, N.Y... Moore , advocate that the NATO Strategic Concept constitutes a NATO grand strategy more ostensibly.7 These disparate analyses merely reflect the

  4. EVALUASI EMERGENCY RESPONS PLAN PADA KAPAL 42M CREW BOAT BERDASARKAN IMO INTERIM GUIDILINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mochamad Luqman Ashari

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Emergency situations that have tendency or potential harm can be happened any time and any where and carry some big damaging impacts to property damages, mental disturbances, injured and died victims. In shipping, emergencies can be happened in both at anchor or while doing loading and unloading activities at the port. The type of equipments used in emergency situations set out in SOLAS Chapter III (Life Saving Appliance and the guidelines for evacuation analysis on passenger ships refer to the IMO Guidelines Interm MSC/Circ.909. This study aimed to determine the muster station and evacuation time on the ship 42 M crewboats with a capacity of 101passengers. This ship consists of three parts of decks, these are lower part, main deck and bridge deck. The results showed that the placement of muster station is on the bridge deck with required wide 35.35 m2. Evacuation time need by the all passengers to reach the muster station on the bridge deck is 51.59 minutes, and this is in accordance with standard evacuation time (not more than 60 minutes.

  5. Environmental Assessment: Replacement of Subscale Drone Recovery Boat Dock at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    to approximately 110 ft below land surface (bls) at Tyndall AFB. This material is relatively permeable and is underlain by the Intracoastal Formation... permeable . The Intracoastal Formation is underlain by highly permeable limestone that extends below 600 ft bls in some areas. In general, the soils of...off base by a solid waste disposal contractor. Metal components on the dock, such as nails , screws, cleats, lamp posts, and the chain-link access gate

  6. 77 FR 13516 - Safety Zone; Antique Boat Show, Niagara River, Grand Island, NY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ..., which will then become highlighted in blue. In the ``Document Type'' drop down menu select ``Proposed...://www.regulations.gov , click on the ``read comments'' box, which will then become highlighted in blue... impact on the economy, will not interfere with other agencies, will not adversely alter the budget of...

  7. Improving Rapid Acquisition: A Review of the Riverine Command Boat Procurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Management System AAC acquisition advice code ACAT acquisition category ALT administrative lead-time AMD average monthly demand APL...maintenance, the unit may be nonoperational and subsystems disabled . Usually D-level maintenance is scheduled when a unit is in maintenance availability or...Demand NSNs w/ Demands >1/month Quantity RCB Demand Analysis 53 Looking closer, there are only four NSNs with an average monthly demand ( AMD

  8. Defeating the U-boat. Inventing Antisubmarine Warfare (Newport Papers Number 36)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    an unknown. No one knew whether it would work, the risks of failure seemed substantial, and if stubbornness was one trait of Jellicoe’s, caution and...Innovation in the U.S. Navy’s Silent Cold War Struggle with Soviet Sub- marines, by Owen R. Cote , Jr. (no. 16, 2003). International Law and Naval War: The

  9. Preliminary Sweep Width Determination for HU-25A Airborne Radars: Life Raft and Recreational Boat Targets

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    East Vivant (Facility No. 9216) Jade East (Facility No. 6117) Skippers II (Facility No. 6104) Lady Irene (Facility No. 9204) Pete’s Pride (Facility No...fiberglass 25 x 8.2 x 6 Vivant Albin 27 trawler fiberglass 27 x 10 x 9 R/V Oceaneer Long Line trawler fiberglass 34 x 13 x 7.5 Jade East Sail Cutter...Too III 5:1 = CG 252501 6 = Vivant 7 = Oceaneer 8 = Jade East 9 = Skippers U 10 = Lady Irene 11 = Pete’s Pride 12 =CG 41341 2. AN/APS-131 Side Looking

  10. Hydrodynamics of a fixed camphor boat at the air-water interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Dhiraj; Akella, Sathish; Singh, Ravi; Mandre, Shreyas; Bandi, Mahesh

    2015-11-01

    A camphor tablet, when introduced at the air-water interface undergoes sublimation and the camphor vapour spreads radially outwards across the surface. This radial spreading of camphor is due to Marangoni forces setup by the camphor concentration gradient. We report experiments on the hydrodynamics of this process for a camphor tablet held fixed at the air-water interface. During the initial transient, the time-dependent spread radius R (t) of camphor scales algebraically with time t (R (t) ~t 1 / 2) in agreement with empirical scalings reported for spreading of volatile oils on water surface. But unlike surfactants, the camphor stops spreading when the influx of camphor from the tablet onto the air-water interface is balanced by the outflux of camphor due to evaporation, and a steady-state condition is reached. The spreading camphor however, shears the underlying fluid and sets up bulk convective flow. We explain the coupled steady-state dynamics between the interfacial camphor spreading and bulk convective flow with a boundary layer approximation, supported by experimental evidence. This work was supported by the Collective Interactions Unit, OIST Graduate University.

  11. 端午话粽子%Some Knowledge About Zongzi of Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁童

    2005-01-01

    @@ 粽子,在我国食品发展史上,占有显著的地位,可以说在炊具设备发明之前,已经有了粽子.它是早于粥、饭便已出现的古老食品.因为,粥与饭的制作必须要炊具--罐或是锅之类.而陶器发明,不过是一万一千年左右的事.

  12. Talking rice dumplings in the dragon boat festival%端午节话粽子

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许堂仁

    2008-01-01

    @@ 葵黄榴红麦浪滚,艾青栀白茉莉香;樱桃红,芭樵绿,瓜果飘香夏风习,一年一度的传统节日端午节来到了.今年的端午节是国家安排休假的第一年,因此特别有纪念意义!端午节吃粽子是老幼皆知的传统食俗.我国端午节吃粽子,距今至少已有1 700多年的历史一"仲夏端午,烹骛角黍"(西晋周处:)据解释,骛者,鸭也:角黍,粽子.

  13. Nuo Culture in the Dragon Boat Festival%端午节中的傩文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凤霞

    2009-01-01

    节日是中华文明的重要组成部分,节日从产生之日起就体现出明显的傩文化特性.端午节是节日中的"恶日之首",傩文化因素更是贯穿其发展和习俗中的各部分.

  14. Background Materials on Ching Ming Festival [And] Winter Festival [And] Dragon Boat Festival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lew, Helene

    This publication contains three background papers on Chinese festivals which are still celebrated by Chinese Americans. The first festival discussed--Ching Ming--is a celebration of the coming of spring and the occasion of the first outing of the year. This paper discusses the historical development of the festival since prehistoric times,…

  15. The Dragon Boat Festival Is Coming%端午节来啦

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣

    2012-01-01

    除夕夜的饺子、元宵节的汤圆、端午节的粽子、中秋节的月饼……中国的传统节日,大都有传统的美食相伴。眼看又到一年端午,香甜可爱、入口软糯的粽子成为人们的最爱,无论是豆沙、红枣的,还是黄米、火腿的,

  16. 漫淡端午文化%Talk about the Culture of Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏岩

    2003-01-01

      农历五月初五是我国的传统佳节--端午节,又叫端阳节.这一天,民间有吃粽子、赛龙舟、挂香袋、喝雄黄酒等一系列习俗.经数千年历代承袭,形成了我国端午文化这一道独特亮丽的风景线,因此留下了许多脍炙人口的诗联佳句.……

  17. Special Incense During Dragon Boat Festival%又见端午,又闻粽香

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    茅思思

    2009-01-01

    @@ 农历五月初五,是中国民间的传统节日--端午节,也叫"端阳节"、"蒲节"、"天中节"、"大长节"、"沐兰节"、"女儿节"、"小儿节"…… 关于端午节,各地也有着不尽相同的习俗.其内容主要有:女儿回娘家,挂钟馗像,迎鬼船、躲午,贴午叶符,悬挂菖蒲、艾草,佩香囊,赛龙舟,比武,击球,荡秋千,给小孩涂雄

  18. Is the Navy Missing the Boat in the Development of Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-04

    Martin, and Paul Shigley , ―Composeable FORCEnet Becomes Reality‖, U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, October 2007, 71. http://search.ebscohost.com...Paul Shigley . ―Composeable FORCEnet Becomes Reality.‖ U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, October 2007, 71-74. http://search.ebscohost.com/ (accessed

  19. Predicting Boat-Generated Wave Heights: A Quantitative Analysis through Video Observations of Vessel Wakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-18

    Engineering ________________________________ (signature) Acceptance for the Trident Scholar Committee Professor Carl Wick Deputy Director of Research... Whittaker et al, 2001). The angle of propagation increases and is dependent on the depth Froude number...7) Figure 4: Super-critical wave pattern (Adapted from Whittaker et al, 2001) 18 Therefore, when

  20. Biological Reconnaissance Report Refuge Land Acquisition Amagansett Life Boat Station 1968

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report describes a stretch of barrier beach that is of special significance in the protection and management of shorebirds and other passerine and upland birds...

  1. 75 FR 25137 - Changes to Standard Numbering System, Vessel Identification System, and Boating Accident Report...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    ...-in period is adequate. Terminology alignment. We propose aligning the terminology used by SNS, BARD... confines of a vessel which turns a drive shaft that runs through the bottom of the hull and is attached...

  2. Missing the Boat on Invasive Alien Species: A Review of Post-Secondary Curricula in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Andrea L.; Bazely, Dawn R.; Yan, Norman D.

    2011-01-01

    Invasive alien species (IAS) cause major environmental and economic damage worldwide, and also threaten human food security and health. The impacts of IAS are expected to rise with continued globalization, land use modification, and climate change. Developing effective strategies to deal with IAS requires a collaborative, interdisciplinary…

  3. Swimming classroom. Environmental education aboard a solar powered boat; Schwimmendes Klassenzimmer. Umweltbildungsangebote an Bord einer Solarfaehre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moerk, M. [Bodensee-Stiftung, Radolfzell (Germany)

    2006-07-01

    Summary: The swimming classroom is a particular environmental education programme. Since 2002 school classes are taught aboard the solar ferry Helio at the Lower Lake Constance. Schoolboys and girls as well as teachers have the opportunity to enlarge their knowledge about Lake Constance, its natural environment and the solar ferry Helio. They also get informed about photovoltaic systems, water pollution control and environment-friendly tourism in the Lake Constance region. Solar ferry is most suitable for nature and adventure pedagogy as well as experimental instruction. School classes and advanced training groups can easily carry out a comprehensive programme aboard the Helio and experience nature and solar technology cruising on the lake. Issues are - Energy/Photovoltaic - Limnology - Life in and on the water - Water pollution control - Geography/Landscape development. (orig.)

  4. Integrated synoptic surveys using an autonomous underwater vehicle and manned boats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, P. Ryan

    2013-01-01

    Traditional surface-water surveys are being combined with autonomous technology to produce integrated surveys of bathymetry, water quality, and velocity in inland lakes and reservoirs. This new technology provides valuable, high-resolution, integrated data that allow a systems-based approach to understanding common environmental problems. This fact sheet presents several example applications of integrated surveys within inland lakes and coastal Lake Michigan and Lake Erie.

  5. The Closest Alligator to the Boat: Mexico’s Drug-Fueled Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-28

    organizations such as Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), Venezuela and other enemies abroad. The reason for exploring these ties is to show...an extremely muscular , cult-like Christian-based program that serves the cartel leader‟s purposes.18 Using his Christian based manifesto, González...members and deserters from the Mexican Army‟s 15 elite Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales (GAFE) who were organized as an enforcement arm of the Gulf

  6. In the Same Boat? On Metaphor Variation as Mediating the Individual Voice in Organizational Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argaman, Einav

    2008-01-01

    This paper discusses the notion of metaphor variation, and argues that it may play a significant role as a linguistic tool for positioning the subjects in a given organizational change. More specifically, it is argued that metaphor variation enables the subject to corroborate the organization's centripetal forces on the one hand, and to express…

  7. A Study to Determine the Need for a Standard Limiting the Horsepower of Recreational Boats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-09-01

    White, C. Stiehl, N. Whatley , W. Blanton___ 9. Periormn. " eor. zoton None ana Aaaress I o, - Jn 󈧯. ’T AIS; Wyle Laboratories P. 0. Box 1008 :-o...were ver f’to 2 A code by the - . -,- Ai2 ,,te, C. V A NK , a N . Whatley ). ren erro-r, Vr codinq or .e. ,! ’-n were Psco\\erpd, these were reviewed

  8. "WE ARE ALL IN THE SAME BOAT NOW" PROVERBIAL RHETORIC IN THE CHURCHILL-ROOSEVELT CORRESPONDENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Mieder

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Both Winston S. Churchill (1874-1965 and Franklin D. Roosevelt (1 882-1945 were masters of the English language and effective orators, rallying their people through word and deed to fight as allies against the dictatorial powers during the Second World War. Their public speeches and interviews are replete with proverbs, proverbial expressions, and other phraseologisms. This is also true for their private and secretive letters, messages, memoranda, and telegrams, as can be seen from the materials that Warren F. Kimball edited in the three volumes of Churchill & Roosevelt: The Complete Correspondence (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984. The proverbial language, especially metaphorical texts referring to the body, animals, and the military, gives their important communications a lively and humane flavor that illustrates their deep friendship, trust, and support of each other. Frequently used as metaphorical arguments, these proverbial interjections into an otherwise factual epistolary exchange from 1933 to 1945 bear witness to the determination of these two world leaders to win the struggle for a free world.

  9. Don't Rock the Boat: Women's Benevolent Sexism Predicts Fears of Marital Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Exposito, Francisca; Herrera, M. Carmen; Moya, Miguel; Glick, Peter

    2010-01-01

    We examined how Spanish women's benevolent sexism (a sex-role attitude) affects their perceptions of whether a hypothetical husband will feel threatened by a wife's success at work. In a social perception study, female participants (N = 210) read a vignette in which a husband and his wife argued over her job promotion. Women's benevolent sexism…

  10. Maritime Terrorism and the Small Boat Threat to the United States: A Proposed Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    vessel, including a vessel that is below 300 gross tons.161 Concern over the threat of the import of WMDs via the supply chain , i.e., including...they obtain one. Since Terrorists lack a missile delivery capability for such weapons, our concern is their use of the supply chain to deliver a device...www.maritimeterrorism.com/2007/04/15/al-qaeda%E2%80%99s-maritime-threat. 44 Catherine Zara Raymond, “How Real is the Threat from Maritime Terrorism?” Power and

  11. "Row, Row, Row Your Boat": Singing, Identity and Belonging in a Nursery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niland, Amanda

    2015-01-01

    The concept of belonging is widely recognised as a fundamental part of human development and a key element of early childhood curricula. The research presented here explores the role of singing in the development of children's sense of belonging in a day nursery for children aged from six months to two years. The research design incorporated…

  12. Trains, Planes, Boats, and Taxis—On the Road in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rosemary; Adang

    2000-01-01

    Traveling has its allure for many romantic souls, myself included. It allows us towatch, listen, and reflect on all we see outside of ourselves-other lands, peoples,languages, cultures, and natural and human-made wonders and all we carry withinus. It’s a kind of active meditation. This is what my year in China was like,especially when I would "go on the road" to see parts of China other than my adoptedhometown, Shanghai.

  13. 濒危动物的"方舟"%"Saving Boat" of the animals near extinction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈永淳; 狄华

    2001-01-01

    @@ 中国是野生动物种类最多的国家之一,其中脊椎动物就有4400多种,占世界总数的10%以上.中国特有的珍稀动物如大熊猫、金丝猴、羚牛、华南虎、褐马鸡、杨子鳄……多达100多种.这个貌似繁荣的动物家族无一例外地被收入濒危动物的名单.自1990年以来,在中国境内就有多达7种大型野生兽类灭绝,它们是苏门犀、大独角犀、小独角犀、野马、赛加羚、麇鹿、白臀叶猴.现在中心饲养的动物,一部份来自野外受伤后经当地人救护收养,最后送到北京"中心"的.另一部份则来自机场、海关、车站偷运出境时所查获;更多的则是在国内各地集市上偷猎者出售时被缴获下来的.劫后余生的珍稀动物,刚来中心时或有伤、或奄奄一息,经医护人士抢救,终于在"中心"存活下来.

  14. The hand that rocks the cradle should also rock the boat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, B

    1996-10-01

    The Gender and Development Unit (GADU) was established in 1985 at Oxfam. The unit challenged previous development assumptions; gender analysis required recognition of inequalities based on class, caste, age, and education, as well as on gender. Personal attitudes and professional actions were scrutinized, views on how to achieve gender equity differed, and accusations of cultural imperialism were made. Currently, the organization has a gender policy that is implemented by managers; the "feminist thought police" are gone. Consolidation should occur under a new team. However, questions remain concerning organizational culture; gender roles and relations are culturally determined and culture-specific. There is great diversity in this regard within Oxfam. Some field offices have "family-friendly" policies and procedures, but the "glass ceiling," albeit higher, still exists for women. The ability to read, write, and respond quickly are valued by the work culture, and there is little time to reflect. Discursive expression is unwelcome in the presence of information overload. Both men and women are now making childcare arrangements, and one of the first items on the agenda of the GADU was a workplace nursery. Its establishment came about from "corporate management recognizing the need to look at process as well as product, and from field offices shaping their work cultures to their values." The struggle for gender equality has only changed its form.

  15. Belekeri as traditional boat building centre in the North Kanara district, Karnataka, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaur, A.S.

    stream_size 5 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name J_Mar_Archaeol_4_69.pdf.txt stream_source_info J_Mar_Archaeol_4_69.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  16. Traditional boat building centres of Karnataka coast - A special reference to Honavar, Bhatkal and Gangolly

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sundaresh

    stream_size 7 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name J_Mar_Archaeol_4_29.pdf.txt stream_source_info J_Mar_Archaeol_4_29.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  17. Boat-building technology of Bengal: An overview of literary evidences

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sarkar, R.; Tripati, S.

    stream_size 5 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name J_Mar_Archaeol_4_84.pdf.txt stream_source_info J_Mar_Archaeol_4_84.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  18. Color coded bathmetry map of Cape Canaveral, Florida, derived from boat based sounding data (2014)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The Cape Canaveral Coastal System (CCCS) is a prominent feature along the Southeast U.S. coastline and is the only large cape south of Cape Fear, North Carolina....

  19. 46 CFR 12.10-9 - Endorsement for proficiency in fast rescue boats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... met the requirements for training and competence of STCW Regulation, VI/2 paragraph 2, and the appropriate requirements of Section A-VI/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference in § 12.01-3)....

  20. 78 FR 71493 - Special Local Regulation; Lake Havasu City Christmas Boat Parade of Lights; Colorado River; Lake...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... authority under section 4(a) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553(b)). This provision... 1. The authority citation for Part 100 continues to read as follows: Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1233. 0...

  1. 论土家族民歌《龙船调》%On Tujia Folk Song--Dragon Boat Melody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田世高

    2002-01-01

    是一首在鄂西土家族民间经时历岁、流传久远,享誉世界的优秀民歌;它具有生动的语言、鲜明的形象、突出的主题、清晰的结构;并以和谐的音韵、优美的旋律、明快的节奏展示出其独特的土家族音乐魅力.

  2. 9 CFR 71.6 - Carrier responsible for cleaning and disinfecting of railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... interstate transportation of cattle, sheep, goats, swine, poultry, or other animals affected with, or..., bovine foot rot, brucellosis, ram epididymitis, ringworm, infectious keratitis, and arthritis...

  3. 78 FR 71543 - Special Local Regulation; Tavares Winter Thunder Vintage Race Boat Regatta, Lake Dora; Tavares, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice... Act notice regarding our public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation; Tavares Winter Thunder...

  4. Flotation Analysis for Boat Docks on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Projects. Recreation Management Support Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    used in inexpensive “coolers” or “ice chests.” Environmental impacts associated with EPS and other plas- tics used for flotation include: the rate of...beans, and wheat. Long- term exposure to styrene can cause trouble balancing, learning impairments, fetal damage, decreased fertility in females...assessment of why encapsulation of EPS or other flotation may be environmentally beneficial is provided by Enviro -Float ( Enviro -Float Manufacturing

  5. The Molecular Boat: A Hands-On Experiment to Demonstrate the Forces Applied to Self-Assembled Monolayers at Interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Charlene J.; Salaita, Khalid

    2012-01-01

    Demonstrating how surface chemistry and self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) control the macroscopic properties of materials is challenging as it often necessitates the use of specialized instrumentation. In this hands-on experiment, students directly measure a macroscopic property, the floatation of glass coverslips on water as a function of…

  6. Validation Studies of the Numerical Tool PANSHIP for Predicting the Calm Water Resistance of the Armidale Class Patrol Boat

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    software program that adapts the panel meshes of hulls and works automatically together with PANSHIP to iteratively obtain the ships forward speed...PANSHIP. 4.2 PANSHIP PANSHIP is a time domain panel method seakeeping code which has the capability of modelling the resistance, manoeuvring...able to numerically model the effect that bow thruster tunnels and the propeller shaft supports have on the resistance of the vessel therefore

  7. Identification of Weather Deck Runoff Discharge Constituents Onboard a U.S. Coast Guard Island Class (WPB) Patrol Boat

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    c Equipment: Installation of containment enclosure around the gasoline rack located on the fantail to mitigate possible deck runoff due to...valves maintained: The WPB has two fueling stations, one port side and one starboard side. The stations share a common piping and stowage system, with

  8. Coast Guard Patrol Boat Operations in the Arabian Gulf: The Way Forward in the Post-Operation Iraqi Freedom Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-07

    and additional qualifiers separated by commas, e.g. Smith, Richard, Jr. 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES). Self -explanatory. 8...security classification regulations , e.g. U, C, S, etc. If this form contains classified information, stamp classification level on the top and...Finally, and most importantly, I am forever indebted to my wife Sharon, who put up with my procrastination and prolonged grumpiness during my

  9. Straw Boats and the Proverbial Sea: A Response to 'Island Archaeology: In Search of a New Horizon'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott M. Fitzpatrick

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available In a recent ISJ paper, “Island Archaeology: In Search of a New Horizon”, Boomert and Bright (2007 argue that the field of “island archaeology” should be replaced by an “archaeology of maritime identity”. We disagree and counter that although islands share many physical, biological, and cultural similarities with continental coasts, coastal zones also grade uninterruptedly into riverine, lacustrine, and terrestrial landscapes, raising questions about the validity of their concept of the archaeology of maritime identity. In our view, island archaeology (the application of archaeology to island settings, regardless of past biogeographical underpinnings, has made major contributions to understanding the historical ecology, human impacts, and cultural developments of islands around the world. A focus on islands by archaeologists has encouraged scholars to study the history of island and maritime societies within a comparative framework that is useful for breaking out of the often provincial focus on a single island or archipelago.

  10. Why Houses Have Wickers on the Dragon Boat Festival%端午门户插柳考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓东

    2001-01-01

    今天我国北方端午节门户插柳的习俗来源于上古"后羿射目"的抗旱巫术.虽已不复见原物的些小遗痕,但确是其逻辑衍化而来.它与南方的龙舟竞渡具有同样的祈年功能.

  11. On the Qrigin of the Dragon Boat Festival%关于端午节的起源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜宁

    2004-01-01

    在我国传统节日里,夏历五月初五的端午节是一个十分重要的节日。端午节的异称很多,如端五节、端阳节、蒲节、午日、重午节、重五节、地腊节、天中节、天长节、女儿节、女娲节、沐兰节、解粽节、娃娃节、五月节、诗人节、龙船节、龙歌节等。与此相应,关于端午节的来历也是众说纷纭,在学术上至今难有定论。

  12. 驱邪辟祟与端午本源%Ward off Evil and the Origin of Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文利

    2011-01-01

    端午节是我国一个重要的传统节日,关于它的起源有多种不同的说法,并都有自己的理论根据。本文通过对端午节起源以及端午驱邪辟祟活动的考察和研究,认为端午节的起源不是某一种具体单一因素起作用的结果,而是以驱疫辟邪为主,在多种因素的共同作用下逐渐确定成型的。

  13. 端午时节话艾叶%What about mugwort,the subject in the Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚双林

    2004-01-01

    端午节是一个古老的传统节日,每逢这一天,民间都有采集一些艾叶和菖蒲悬挂在大门两边,呈现出浓厚的节日气氛。对此,古人有诗赋曰:“五月五日上午,天师骑艾虎。手执菖蒲剑,瘟神归地府。”由此说来,这种习俗的用意是人们为了祈求太平盛世,这种习俗,应该继承和发扬。

  14. Raining in the Dragon Boat Festival, and Another Piece%端午雨落(外一篇)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶华

    2010-01-01

    @@ 端午前后,雨水总是瓢泼的,像一个诗人和一个时代的积怨,积怨很深. 这样说似乎有些抢了清明的风头,有诗早云"清明时节雨纷纷,路上行人欲断魂",却是不同,端午的雨水在故乡是快意的,积怨许久总是要发泄.一吐为快.清明的雨水则是缠绵的,缠绵只适合放慢了脚步去恋爱或是怀旧.

  15. 角粽与菖蒲——端午节史话%The History of the Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓可

    2006-01-01

    @@ 农历五月初五是中国传统的节日--端午节.西晋周处的载:"仲夏端午.端者,初也."午,为十二地支之一.端午又称端五、重五.后因避唐玄宗八月五日生辰之讳,端五才改作端午.

  16. A 30m crew boat modeling based on NAPA%基于NAPA的30m交通艇建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘可峰; 谢云平

    2007-01-01

    在软件NAPA中进行船体建模需要做很多工作,本文使用编程工具VB6.0,设计了NAPA型值建模程序,利用该程序对30m交通艇进行了NAPA型值建模.结果表明,大大提高了在NAPA软件中型值建模的工作效率.

  17. Jet Propellant (JP)-8 Fuel Evaluation Test Mk II - Reset (Mk II R) Bridge Erection Boat (BEB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    diesel engines (fig. 2 and 3) equipped with Delphi rotary fuel injection pumps. Figure 1. Mk II R BEB pushing a two-bay IRB raft. TR No. WF-E-83 2...model 6BTA 5.9-L M2, 210-hp engine having the Delphi rotary fuel injection pump. Major component serial numbers are listed in Table 2. The lubricity... injector pump was loosened, and the manual priming pump was used to verify that fuel was at the injector pump. The bleeder screw was tightened and

  18. 端午节起源新说%New Interpretation to the Origin of the Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈利华

    2006-01-01

    端午节,是中华民族节日文化中一个极具魁力的代表.千百年来,人们通过各种仪式淋漓尽致地展现着它所蕴含的文化内涵却又未能真正参透它的文化深意.就此,从民俗学的角度出发对端午节的种种事象做进一步的分析探讨就有了新的结论.

  19. A Cooperative Strategy of 21st Century Seapower: 200 Years of Repressing Piracy and Still Missing the Boat

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-23

    Pirate incident data:” International Maritime Bureau (IMB) Piracy Reporting Center and NGA Anti- Shipping Activity Message ( ASAM ) service. Satellite...Message ( ASAM ) service. Satellite N/E. Image backdrop: MODIS copyright NASA. Vector data: Europa Technologies Inc., US Government. Map

  20. Introduction: financial geographies: the credit crisis as an opportunity to catch economic geography’s next boat?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engelen, E.; Faulconbridge, J.

    2009-01-01

    The story of the financial turmoil that swept the world in 2007 and 2008 has proven to be geographical to the bone. In this introduction to the special issue on ‘financial geographies’ we express concerns that the financial crisis and all it has showcased is going to be economic geography's ‘next mi

  1. WELDING SEQUNCE KONSTRUKSI I-BRACKET PADA PEMBANGUNAN CREW BOAT PAN MARINE 10 DI PT JASA MARINA INDAH SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Samuel

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the sequence of welding and the consequences that occur when the sequence of welding / welding sequence without a supported method of anticipating the occurrence of the pull of welding, the following ways to overcome it. All welding procedures have been implemented, but if not followed by the installation of equipment / tools that support the construction of certain sections, there will be pull welding of large, considering the construction of this very vulnerable Bracket I pull the weld. The position taken by the pull of welding, the center of I Bracket less to the left, less right, less rise, and less down. From the results of this study can be obtained data about the sequence of welding, welding method of the right to obtain maximum results for First Bracket construction welding jobs, find ways to overcome / cope in the event that lead to I pull welding Bracket less to the left, less right, less go up, less down, and get the alignment deviation according to the rule that conditioned. Results deviation below the alignment of the top 0.00 mm, bottom 0.15 mm, left 0.15 mm, right 0.17 mm.

  2. Beans, Boats and Archaeobotany : A New Translation of Phasolus, or why the Romans ate neither Kidney beans nor Cow peas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heinrich, Frits; Wilkins, D.A.

    2014-01-01

    Among classicists, archaeobotanists and agricultural historians, the meaning of the word phasolus (ϕασηλος in Greek) is ambiguous. While Latin scholars have agreed that the word refers to a type of pulse or bean, there are various interpretations and subsequent identifications as to which botanical

  3. Economic value of instream flow for non-commercial whitewater boating using recreation demand and contingent valuation methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loomis, John; McTernan, James

    2014-03-01

    Whitewater river kayaking and river rafting require adequate instream flows that are often adversely affected by upstream water diversions. However, there are very few studies in the USA of the economic value of instream flow to inform environmental managers. This study estimates the economic value of instream flow to non-commercial kayakers derived using a Travel Cost Method recreation demand model and Contingent Valuation Method (CVM), a type of Contingent Behavior Method (CBM). Data were obtained from a visitor survey administered along the Poudre River in Colorado. In the dichotomous choice CVM willingness to pay (WTP) question, visitors were asked if they would still visit the river if the cost of their trip was $Y higher, and the level of $Y was varied across the sample. The CVM yielded an estimate of WTP that was sensitive to flows ranging from $55 per person per day at 300 Cubic Feet per Second (CFS) to a maximum $97 per person per day at flows of 1900 CFS. The recreation demand model estimated a boater's number of trips per season. We found the number of trips taken was also sensitive to flow, ranging from as little as 1.63 trips at 300 CFS to a maximum number of 14 trips over the season at 1900 CFS. Thus, there is consistency between peak benefits per trip and number of trips, respectively. With an average of about 100 non-commercial boaters per day, the maximum marginal values per acre foot averages about $220. This value exceeds irrigation water values in this area of Colorado.

  4. 9 CFR 95.26 - Railroad cars, trucks, boats, aircraft and other means of conveyance, equipment or containers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... percent available chlorine) in the proportion of one pound to three gallons of water; or any one of the... and other means of conveyance, equipment or containers, yards, and premises; cleaning and disinfection... SANITARY CONTROL OF ANIMAL BYPRODUCTS (EXCEPT CASINGS), AND HAY AND STRAW, OFFERED FOR ENTRY INTO...

  5. The National Shipbuilding Research Program, 1991 Ship Production Symposium Proceedings: Building the Ships and Boats of 2010 - The Way Forward

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    conventional flux is somewhat of a black art , and obtaining some of the foreign premixed iron powder fluxes in the U.S. is difficult, many yards are using multi...requirements and technical standards that have been centralized in the federal government through the Secretaria de Desarrollo Urbano Y Ecologia or...Processing. Orlando, FL, LIA, 1989. A. Matsunawa, "State-of-the- Art of Laser Materials Processing in Japan," in ICALEO Proceedings, Volume 69- Laser

  6. The 12-m Wind Turbine Blade Manufactured by Vølund A/S and O.L. Boats, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, H.

    1980-01-01

    A 12 m long glass fiber blade has been developed for use as outer wing panels in the two Danish Nibe windmills. The outer wing is composed of a glass-fiber-reinforced plastic, in the form of a NACA 4412 section at the tip and a NACA 4420 section at the root and with chord and section thickness...... varying linearly along the wing. In bending tests of a 4-m portion of the blade, a compression stress of 137.5 MN/sq m was found to cause failure, and a flapwise bending moment was calculated. Natural frequencies of combined flapwise and chordwise bending have been calculated for the blade fixed...... at the root face and 1 m from the root face and have been verified experimentally. Aerodynamic calculations have also been performed of the power coefficient as a function of tip speed ratio for various tip chord angles for blades used in a 3-bladed and a 2-bladed rotor configuration with a diameter of 26 m....

  7. 77 FR 66938 - Special Local Regulations; 2012 Holiday Boat Parades, Captain of the Port Miami Zone; FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-08

    ... Lauderdale, Pompano Beach, Palm Beach, Boynton Beach, Delray Beach, and Miami, Florida. These special local... will be enforced from 5:00 p.m. until 10:00 p.m. on December 9, 2012. 3. Palm Beach, Florida. On... around Palm Island and Hibiscus Island, head east between Di Lido Island, south through Meloy...

  8. 77 FR 70681 - Special Local Regulations; 2012 Holiday Boat Parades, Captain of the Port Miami Zone; FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ..., Florida. On December 1, 2012, Marine Industries Association of Palm Beach County is sponsoring the Palm... regulation will be enforced from 5:00 p.m. until 10:00 p.m. on December 9, 2012. (3) Palm Beach, Florida. All... around Palm Island and Hibiscus Island, head east between Di Lido Island, south through Meloy...

  9. 76 FR 1568 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ..., 068 04 44 W. 8.4 Lake Champlain Dragon Event Type: Rowing and Paddling Boat Festival. Boat Race... Eastport Pirates Festival Event Type: Power Boat Race. Lobster Boat Races. Sponsor: Eastport Pirates... firework displays, boat races, and other marine events. DATES: Comments and related material must...

  10. 33 CFR 207.420 - Chicago River, Ill.; Sanitary District controlling works, and the use, administration, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... floating thing in the lock or approaches except by or under the direction of the lockmaster or his.... (8) Lockage of pleasure boats. The lockage of pleasure boats, house boats or like craft shall...

  11. Indicators of competitive activity of the oarswomen on kayaks at the Olympic distance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chychkan O.A.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The frame of competitive activity of sportsmen on kayaks different sports qualification on a distance of 500 meters is construed. 20 sportsmen of different sports qualification have been inspected. During competitions were fixed: number paddle boat and a road clearance time of a distance. It is exhibited variances in a level of competitive activity. Competitive activity expediently to value on parameters of a road clearance time of a distance, an amount paddle boat on a distance, roads of a boat for 1 paddle boat, an average velocity of a boat, average rate, average duration paddle boat, an average velocity of a boat in a cycle paddle boat, to factor mechanics.

  12. Archeological Test Excavations at the Proposed Dry Boat Storage Facility and Archeological Survey of the Neal Road Extension Corridor, Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Alabama

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-11-19

    greens) yes CE Elder Sambucus sp. berries (beverage), flowers yes CE Great Bulrush Scirpus sp root (rich in starch and sugar) yes CE Groundnut Apios sp...none yes E Water Lily Nymphaea sp. roots yes BEF Water Plantain Alisima sp. none yes DE References: A. Davenport and Haynes 1981; B. Elliot 1976; C. Hall

  13. Draft Reformulation. Phase I. General Design Memorandum and Draft Environmental Impact Statement: Geneva-on-the-Lake, Ohio Small Boat Harbor. Revision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-04-01

    participation. The pro- vision ot breakwater access will also be accompanied by provision of adequate parking facilities. Category d, "accessibility...Lieenciatura), Anthropology, Universidad de las Americas, Puebla , Mexioo (1973) R SFA OI 1979 - Principal Investigator and Archeology Projects

  14. 玻璃钢船艇真空辅助成型技术%The VARTM for FRP Ships and Boats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史正波; 童江华; 徐涛

    2016-01-01

    介绍了玻璃钢船艇真空辅助成型技术(VARTM-Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding),VARTM与传统手糊工艺相比,具有人工成本低,环境污染小,产品性能高的特点.文章重点介绍施工过程及VARTM与传统手糊工艺的优势对比.

  15. Research on Molding Process of Basalt Fiber Boat in VARTM Process%VARTM工艺玄武岩纤维船舶成型技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高彦涛; 贾西文

    2009-01-01

    本文主要研究了通过VARTM工艺利用新型玄武岩纤维制造船舶的重要技术.介绍了船体设计及其铺层设计.通过对玄武岩渗透率试验、导流网导流试验以及泡沫夹层试验试验结果的分析,找出影响玄武岩纤维制造船舶的关键因素以及解决成型困难的途径.也为解决制作玄武岩纤维大型制品或构件成型工艺面临的难题提供解决途径,具有较大的实际价值与意义.

  16. "Here we're all in the same boat" - a qualitative study of group based rehabilitation for sick-listed citizens with chronic pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lotte Nygaard; Kohberg, Maria; Herborg, Lene Gram

    2014-01-01

    emotional and instrumental, while the physical training program offers a "here-and-now"-experience and motivation to participate. This study indicates that the self-management program could potentially improve coping while the physical activity program revealed one example of a means of progression....

  17. 龙舟竞渡:从民俗到现代全民健身运动%Dragon Boat Race: From Folk Custom to Mass Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆新

    2010-01-01

    @@ 龙舟竞渡作为中国传统民俗的重要组成部分,也是一个重要的历史文化遗产.它在国内起源很早,在广东也是历史悠久,尤其在珠江三角洲这些水乡地带更为常见.根据史料记载,龙舟竞渡的发展经历了早期、昌盛、鼎盛几个阶段.

  18. QRev—Software for computation and quality assurance of acoustic doppler current profiler moving-boat streamflow measurements—Technical manual for version 2.8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, David S.

    2016-06-21

    The software program, QRev applies common and consistent computational algorithms combined with automated filtering and quality assessment of the data to improve the quality and efficiency of streamflow measurements and helps ensure that U.S. Geological Survey streamflow measurements are consistent, accurate, and independent of the manufacturer of the instrument used to make the measurement. Software from different manufacturers uses different algorithms for various aspects of the data processing and discharge computation. The algorithms used by QRev to filter data, interpolate data, and compute discharge are documented and compared to the algorithms used in the manufacturers’ software. QRev applies consistent algorithms and creates a data structure that is independent of the data source. QRev saves an extensible markup language (XML) file that can be imported into databases or electronic field notes software. This report is the technical manual for version 2.8 of QRev.

  19. Public Access Points, Boat and Canoe Launches, Published in 2006, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Jefferson County Land Information Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Public Access Points dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is...

  20. WILL THE EU`S BOAT FLOAT IN MURKY POST-CRISIS WATERS? AN ASSESSMENT OF EU`S ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL AGENDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Daniel STAN

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The EU multilevel governance is a theoretical standpoint that allows us to measure the costs of nowadays European integration. This article addresses current issues of the EU institutional Agenda regarding the logic beyond the changing nature of the economic climate. Our contribution aims to analyze the impact of economic and financial reforms upon the institutional framework of the European Union. In this article we will explore how the post crisis economic agenda is being forged and which are the consequences of following different integration paths. It is also important to determine if a working scenario build around the Community method will address pressing issues in a successful manner or will the intergovernmental standpoint prevail? Is this crisis close to a positive response, is the EU economic governance an endangered construction, or can it be the rise of a great opportunity for the European integration process, a new boost each member state seeks and might nurture?

  1. Structural Design of High-Strength Boat and its Experimental Application%高强轻舟结构设计及试验应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李浩; 翟红侠; 王先明

    2011-01-01

    运用船舶设计软件Free!ship进行主尺度设计,运用同济曙光有限元正反分析软件进行应力分析,运用Adobe Photoshop CS2中文版软件进行图像扫描、编辑修改、图像制作、,图像输入与输出,运用AutoCAD 2007中文版软件进行二维绘图、绘制、设计文档,分析高强轻舟界面应力分布,计算轻舟的理论最大排水量、预期排水量、表观密度等;采用轻质高强纯无机胶凝材料,进行先外模后内模的施工工艺,制作出长6m,厚度12mm、表观密度为1800kg/m3的大跨度轻质高强水泥轻舟.

  2. Geneva-on-the-Lake, Ohio. Small-Boat Harbor. Final Reformulation. Phase I. General Design Memorandum and Final Environmental Impact Statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-01

    disruption and a safety hazard to swimmers there. The aquatic ecosystem of Cowles Creek would be adversely affected by a harbor at this location...PRA6 W50 =20. o* 8p al Pi) o > pBE.Ls) - 3)- pvENr M1w-AIO) 2) 4w 1pq5 5 6 U *)DlvO’ P~ ~~~o mV’) 1. 7. -51F V PC-614RAIIfr PCRrNr %= IMt V,6, 51MAWPA... swimmer collisions than that posed by the other alternative harbor layouts. All alternatives would have the harbor entrance within approximately one quarter

  3. Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Refined Deep-Step Planing-Tail Flying-Boat Hull with Various Forebody and Afterbody Shapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riebe, John M; Naeseth, Rodger L

    1953-01-01

    An investigation was made in the Langley 300 mph 7-by 10-foot tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a refined deep-step planing-tail hull with various forebody and afterbody shapes. For comparison, tests were made on a streamline body simulating the fuselage of a modern transport airplane. The results of the tests, which include the interference effects of a 21-percent-thick support wing, indicated that for corresponding configurations the hull models incorporating a forebody with a length-beam ratio of 7 had lower minimum drag coefficients than the hull models incorporating a forebody with a length-beam ratio of 5. Longitudinal and lateral stability was generally about the same for all hull models tested and about the same as that of a conventional hull.

  4. 永州"端午药市"植物资源%Resources of the Plant of Medical Herbs in Yongzhou Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵雨云

    2006-01-01

    永州民间流传端午节采集的药材最有药效,因而形成了本地独特的"端午药市".通过对永州市"端午药市"进行调查研究,分析了35种野生植物,研究其用途,这些植物有些是中药,有些是有待发掘的民间草药,这是一种具有开发利用价值的资源.

  5. Culture Investigation about Dragon-boat Racing in the Duanwu Festival%端午龙舟竞渡的文化考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐宏岳

    2011-01-01

    龙舟竞渡又称划龙船、赛龙舟,距今已有两千多年的历史,自被纳入端午节俗之后就迅速成为端午节的标志性节俗之一,其影响甚至早已走出国门,遍布整个东南亚乃至太平洋海岛。本文通过对龙舟竞渡的研究,揭示龙舟竞渡内在的文化信息,加深对传统节日文化的原生态认识。

  6. The Culture of Dragon Boat Festival and Its Current Situation%浅析端午龙舟文化及其现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹美琴

    2008-01-01

    端午节、龙舟竞渡的起源说法颇多,各地、各民族原本差异很大,后世在文化传承过程中,纪念屈原 成为共识.2005年,端午节被韩国"抢先注册"使国人惊醒,认识到抢救、保护文化遗产的重要性.

  7. Rescue excavations of a Vendel era boat-grave in Salme, Saaremaa / Marge Konsa, Jüri Vassiljev, Raili Allmäe, Liina Maldre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Radiosüsiniku ja leiumaterjali dateeringute põhjal pärineb Salme laevamatus vendeliajast, ilmselt ajavahemikust 650-720 pKr. Salme laeva näol on tegemist Eesti kõige vanema laevaleiuga. Laev seitsme mehe surnukehaga on omaaegsete laevamatuste hulgas erandlik

  8. 端午节的历史查考及现代嬗变%Historical Survey and Modern Evolution of Dragon Boat Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶静

    2014-01-01

    我国的节俗文化丰富多元,就端午节而言,各地的节俗景象繁华热烈,其源流也众说纷纭,端午节的代表人物是屈原,最具代表性的活动是龙舟竞渡、吃粽子、饮雄黄酒等等,在当下,端午节也有其独特的现代实践价值.

  9. In search of the origin of Duanwu Festival (the Dragon boat Festival)%端午探源--兼论重阳

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张启成

    2002-01-01

    端午节习称为纪念屈原而设,但事实上端午节由来已久,既是古代民俗节日的重要禁忌日,又是纪念名人的节日,屈原只是其中之一而已.重阳是与端午相对应的节日,端午与重阳有内在的联系.

  10. 中韩端午习俗比较研究%Comparative Study into Sino-south Korean Dragon-boat Festival Custom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王友富; 谢苗

    2011-01-01

    中韩两国都有相同的传统节日--端午节.比较两国的端午习俗,不难发现二者在起源、习俗以及文化内涵、举行目的、保护与传承方式等诸多方面存在差异.

  11. Oceanographic profile plankton, temperature, salinity collected using bottle from various unknown small boats in the South Pacific Ocean from 1981 to 1982 (NODC Accession 0002138)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature, salinity and other measurements found in dataset OSD taken from unknown platform(s)in the Coastal S Pacific, Equatorial Pacific and other locations...

  12. A Validation of the Proposed Royal Australian Navy Standard Work Week and Naval Management Diary Using a Simulated Crew of an Armidale Class Patrol Boat

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    maintenance most often exceeded its allocated hours, leading to the recommendation that further research on a larger sample might address whether the...categories included watch, maintenance , training, meeting, sleep, messing, personal, and Sunday free time. Haynes found that many sailors reported ...were exempt from machine , engine, or ship maintenance and watch keeping in the simulation. Their allocation of maintenance relates only to the core

  13. Design of the Boat Sirens Pressure Performance Test System Based on Labview%基于Labview的号笛声压性能测试系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛庆元; 陈寅杰; 石瑞; 杨志勇; 胡欣

    2014-01-01

    为提高船用号笛声压性能的测试效率和精度,降低测试装置成本,提出一种基于Labview的号笛声压性能测试系统设计方案,以Labview 8.6作为软件开发平台,利用NI-DAQmx提供的数据采集应用程序接口Ⅵ,声音与振动分析工具包和Microsoft Office的报告生成工具包快速开发出测试系统的应用软件,调试表明各功能运行稳定、可靠.

  14. The Nature of Right in Rem of Bare-Boat Charter Droit%论光船租赁权的物权性质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨荣波; 杜力夫

    2004-01-01

    租赁合同在当事人之间既产生债权法律关系,又产生物权法律关系.租赁权的法律性质应当是用益物权性质.光船租赁中的承租人具有船舶所有人的某些权能,其光船租赁权属于自物权.

  15. FISH - CORAL REEF collected from Small Boats in Florida Keys Reef Tract from 2014-05-01 to 2014-10-01 (NCEI Accession 0156445)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Divers conducted photo-documentation, RVC fish surveys, and habitat assessments at 433 sites in the Florida Keys, 436 sites in the Dry Tortugas and 320 sites in the...

  16. On a Boat: A Case in Australia of Endophthalmitis and Pyogenic Liver, Prostatic, and Lung Abscesses in a Previously Well Patient due to Klebsiella pneumoniae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alecia Vandevelde

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a case report about a patient who arrived in our emergency department in Western Australia to the care of the urologists having just gotten off a ship with a bacterial infection that would result in a 44-day stay in hospital and have quite devastating lasting effects for the young male. His story was in fact reflective of an emerging global phenomenon. Once thought to generally be a bacterium of threat only to the elderly and alcoholics, causing pneumonia and urinary tract infections, this case report describes the potentially devastating consequences of what is now becoming recognized as a hypervirulent form of Klebsiella pneumoniae with the potential to spread throughout the system rapidly seeding abscesses and causing significant morbidity in nonimmunocompromised patients. Initially noticed in Asia increasingly case reports are emerging in Western countries suggesting a global spread.

  17. Un Segundo Idioma en el Aula: Nos Estamos Perdiendo una Oportunidad? = A Second Language in the Classroom: Are We Missing the Boat?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selman, Ruth Corey

    2007-01-01

    In recent years there has been greater emphasis placed on second language acquisition in schools. To be prepared for life in the 21st century, to function within an increasingly interdependent world society, to be free from the petty biases that hinder understanding and from the larger hatreds that lead to confrontation, children will need to…

  18. Kawabata Yasunari's "Bamboo-Leaf Boat" and Its Chinese Literary Source%川端康成《竹叶舟》的中国文学渊源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周阅

    2007-01-01

    日本作家川端康成的微型小说《竹叶舟》表达了人生如梦的主题.作者于自身的人生体验中产生了与中国"竹叶舟"故事相同的"叹世事荣枯"的心态,并将来自中国文学的因素融会在自身的创作之中.中国文学对川端文学的浸润,是一种渗透并隐含于作品深处的"基础性浸润".

  19. 76 FR 39185 - 2011-2012 Refuge-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-05

    ..., electric motors, and nonmotorized boats. We prohibit boats with air-cooled engines, airboats, fan boats... reel fishing in DeSoto Lake from April 15 through October 14. * * * * * 5. We allow the use of portable... personal property unattended at any time. 5. Hunters must remove boats, decoys, portable or...

  20. 78 FR 35135 - Special Local Regulations and Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Northern New England

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ...'' W. 44 07'38'' N, 068 31'30'' W. 44 12'54'' N, 068 33'46'' W. Lake Champlain Dragon Boat Festival..., 073 21'36'' W. Yarmouth Clam Festival Paddle Race..... Event Type: Rowing and Paddling Boat Race... Pirates Festival Lobster Boat Races.... Event Type: Power Boat Race. Sponsor: Eastport Pirates...