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Sample records for bluefin tuna thunnus

  1. Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus Biometrics and Condition.

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    Enrique Rodriguez-Marin

    Full Text Available The compiled data for this study represents the first Atlantic and Mediterranean-wide effort to pool all available biometric data for Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus with the collaboration of many countries and scientific groups. Biometric relationships were based on an extensive sampling (over 140,000 fish sampled, covering most of the fishing areas for this species in the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Sensitivity analyses were carried out to evaluate the representativeness of sampling and explore the most adequate procedure to fit the weight-length relationship (WLR. The selected model for the WLRs by stock included standardized data series (common measurement types weighted by the inverse variability. There was little difference between annual stock-specific round weight-straight fork length relationships, with an overall difference of 6% in weight. The predicted weight by month was estimated as an additional component in the exponent of the weight-length function. The analyses of monthly variations of fish condition by stock, maturity state and geographic area reflect annual cycles of spawning and feeding behavior. We update and improve upon the biometric relationships for bluefin currently used by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, by incorporating substantially larger datasets than ever previously compiled, providing complete documentation of sources and employing robust statistical fitting. WLRs and other conversion factors estimated in this study differ from the ones used in previous bluefin stock assessments.

  2. The development of the northern European fishery for north Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus during 1900-1950

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    MacKenzie, Brian; Myers, R.A.

    2007-01-01

    North Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, used to migrate to northern European waters (Norwegian Sea, North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat, and Øresund) where it supported important commercial and sportfisheries. The species disappeared from the region in the early 1960s and the species is now still...... increasing. The species was frequently sighted while fishermen were targeting other species (herring, mackerel) and occasionally was caught as bycatch with these and other species. Information from scientifically trained observers demonstrate that tuna schools were common in the North Sea for 2–3 months...... and the capacity of processing facilities for bluefin tuna. Bluefin tuna in this area were generally medium-large (>50 kg whole weight). The most important countries which participated in bluefin tuna fisheries in this period were Norway, Denmark and Sweden, but bluefin tuna were also exploited by France, Germany...

  3. Microarray gene expression profiles from mature gonad tissues of Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus in the Gulf of Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Gardner Luke D; Jayasundara Nishad; Castilho Pedro C; Block Barbara

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Bluefin tunas are highly prized pelagic fish species representing a significant economic resource to fisheries throughout the world. Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) populations have significantly declined due to overexploitation. As a consequence of their value and population decline, T. thynnus has been the focus of considerable research effort concerning many aspects of their life history. However, in-depth understanding of T. thynnus reproductive biology is stil...

  4. Seasonal movements, aggregations and diving behavior of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus revealed with archival tags.

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    Andreas Walli

    Full Text Available Electronic tags were used to examine the seasonal movements, aggregations and diving behaviors of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus to better understand their migration ecology and oceanic habitat utilization. Implantable archival tags (n = 561 were deployed in bluefin tuna from 1996 to 2005 and 106 tags were recovered. Movement paths of the fish were reconstructed using light level and sea-surface-temperature-based geolocation estimates. To quantify habitat utilization we employed a weighted kernel estimation technique that removed the biases of deployment location and track length. Throughout the North Atlantic, high residence times (167+/-33 days were identified in four spatially confined regions on a seasonal scale. Within each region, bluefin tuna experienced distinct temperature regimes and displayed different diving behaviors. The mean diving depths within the high-use areas were significantly shallower and the dive frequency and the variance in internal temperature significantly higher than during transit movements between the high-use areas. Residence time in the more northern latitude high-use areas was significantly correlated with levels of primary productivity. The regions of aggregation are associated with areas of abundant prey and potentially represent critical foraging habitats that have seasonally abundant prey. Throughout the North Atlantic mean diving depth was significantly correlated with the depth of the thermocline, and dive behavior changed in relation to the stratification of the water column. In this study, with numerous multi-year tracks, there appear to be repeatable patterns of clear aggregation areas that potentially are changing with environmental conditions. The high concentrations of bluefin tuna in predictable locations indicate that Atlantic bluefin tuna are vulnerable to concentrated fishing efforts in the regions of foraging aggregations.

  5. Retinal ganglion cell topography in juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis (Temminck and Schlegel).

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    Miyazaki, Taeko

    2014-02-01

    The retinal ganglion cell distribution, which is known to reflect fish feeding behavior, was investigated in juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis. During the course of examination, regularly arrayed cells with a distinctive larger soma, which may be regarded as motion-sensitive cells, were found. The topographical distribution of ordinary-sized ganglion cells, which is usually utilized to estimate fish visual axis and/or visual field characteristics, showed that the highest-density area, termed the area centralis, was localized in the ventral-temporal retina. The retinal topography of ordinary-sized ganglion cells seems to reflect the bluefin tuna's foraging behavior; while cruising, cells in the area centralis may signal potential prey, such as small schooling pelagic fishes or squids, that are present in the upward-forward direction. Judging from morphological characteristics, the large ganglion cells localized in the small temporal retinal area seem to be equivalent to physiologically categorized off-center Y-cells of cat, which are stimulated by a transient dark spot in a bright visual field. It was inferred that presumed large off-center cells in the temporal retina detect movements of agile prey animals escaping from bluefin tuna as a silhouette against environmental light. PMID:23775518

  6. Changes in the distribution of atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus in the Gulf of Maine 1979-2005.

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    Walter J Golet

    Full Text Available The Gulf of Maine, NW Atlantic Ocean, is a productive, seasonal foraging ground for Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus, but commercial landings of adult size classes were up to 40% below the allocated total allowable catch between 2004 to 2008 for the rod and reel, harpoon, and purse seine categories in the Gulf of Maine. Reduction in Atlantic bluefin tuna catches in the Gulf of Maine could represent a decline in spawning stock biomass, but given wide-ranging, complex migration patterns, and high energetic requirements, an alternative hypothesis is that their dispersal patterns shifted to regions with higher prey abundance or profitability, reducing availability to U.S. fishing fleets. This study fit generalized linear models to Atlantic bluefin tuna landings data collected from fishermen's logbooks (1979-2005 as well as the distances between bluefin tuna schools and Atlantic herring (Clupeaharengus, a primary prey species, to test alternative hypotheses for observed shifts in Atlantic bluefin tuna availability in the Gulf of Maine. For the bluefin model, landings varied by day of year, latitude and longitude. The effect of latitude differed by day of year and the effect of longitude differed by year. The distances between Atlantic bluefin tuna schools and Atlantic herring schools were significantly smaller (p<0.05 than would be expected from a randomly distributed population. A time series of average bluefin tuna school positions was positively correlated with the average number of herring captured per tow on Georges Bank in spring and autumn surveys respectively (p<0.01, r(2=0.24, p<0.01, r(2=0.42. Fishermen's logbooks contributed novel spatial and temporal information towards testing these hypotheses for the bluefin tuna fishery.

  7. Aggregations of wild Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus L.) at Mediterranean offshore fish farm sites: Environmental and management considerations

    OpenAIRE

    Arechavala-Lopez, Pablo; Borg, Joseph A.; Ŝegvić-Bubić, Tanja; TOMASSETTI, PAOLO; Özgül, Aytaç; Sanchez-Jerez, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus) is being observed to increasingly and more frequently aggregate around Mediterranean offshore fish farms. In the present work, potential interactions between aggregations of this important pelagic species and offshore fish farms and local fisheries were assessed through a questionnaire survey aimed at fish farmers, divers and stakeholders in the Mediterranean. Since the interactions may have implications for aquaculture and marine ecolo...

  8. Mercury in Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis):bioaccumulation and trans-Pacific Ocean migration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colman, John A.; Nogueira, Jacob I.; Pancorbo, Oscar C.; Batdorf, Carol A.; Block, Barbara A.

    2015-01-01

    Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis) have the largest home range of any tuna species and are well known for the capacity to make transoceanic migrations. We report the measurement of mercury (Hg) concentrations in wild Pacific bluefin tuna (PBFT), the first reported with known size-of-fish and capture location. The results indicate juvenile PBFT that are recently arrived in the California Current from the western Pacific Ocean have significantly higher Hg concentrations in white muscle (0.51 ug/g wet mass, wm) than PBFT of longer California Current residency (0.41 ug/g wm). These new arrivals are also higher in Hg concentration than PBFT in farm pens (0.43 ug/g wm) that were captured on arrival in the California Current and raised in pens on locally derived feed. Analysis by direct Hg analyzer and attention to Hg by tissue type and location on the fish allowed precise comparisons of mercury among wild and captive fish populations. Analysis of migration and nearshore residency, determined through extensive archival tagging, bioaccumulation models, trophic investigations, and potential coastal sources of methylmercury, indicates Hg bioaccumulation is likely greater for PBFT juvenile habitats in the western Pacific Ocean (East China Sea, Yellow Sea) than in the eastern Pacific Ocean (California Current). Differential bioaccumulation may be a trophic effect or reflect methylmercury availability, with potential sources for coastal China (large hypoxic continental shelf receiving discharge of three large rivers, and island-arc volcanism) different from those for coastal Baja California (small continental shelf, no large rivers, spreading-center volcanism).

  9. Muscular system in the pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis (Teleostei: Scombridae).

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    Nakae, Masanori; Sasaki, Kunio; Shinohara, Gento; Okada, Tokihiko; Matsuura, Keiichi

    2014-02-01

    The muscular system in the Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis is studied in detail. For the first time, a complete description of the muscular anatomy of a thunnid is provided here. Eighty-two elements including subdivisions of components of the muscular system are identified. This is less than found in a basal perciform and two other investigated scombrid species, owing mainly to the absence or fusion of pectoral, pelvic and caudal fin muscles. The absence of elements of the basal perciform pattern was most prominent in the caudal fin, which includes only the flexor dorsalis, flexor ventralis, hypochordal longitudinalis, and interradialis. In the caudal fin, the medial fan-shaped ray was identified as the first dorsal ray, judging from myological and neuroanatomical characters. The highly developed gill filament muscles in Thunnus orientalis and sheet-like rectus communis control gill ventilation. Long body muscle tendons reduce the metabolic energy needed during rapid and continuous swimming. These characters are interpreted as adaptations in the context of the oceanic life style of the species.

  10. Preliminary approach on early post mortem stress and quality indexes changes in large size bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus

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    R. Ugolini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus is very appreciated on Japan and USA market for the preparation of sushi and sahimi. The market price of the fresh product can vary from 8 to 33 Euro/kg (gate farm/producers prices according to size, shape, fat level, meat colour, consistency and freshness (absence of “hyake”, all parameters strictly connected to feeding quality and quantity, rearing and killing stress factors and refrigeration times and conditions after death. Excessive levels of stress during the slaughtering can affect meat quality, contributing to significantly decrease of tuna’s price. The present trial was carried out to evaluate the possible harvesting/slaughtering stress effect on reared bluefin tuna meat quality, starting from the examination of the most important stress and quality parameters changes during the early post mortem period.

  11. Temporal distribution of size and weight of fattened Bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus l. from Tunisian farms: (2005-2010

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    A. HATTOUR

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study analysis size and weight-frequency composition of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus thynnus fattened in Tunisian farms for the period 2005-2010 and compare these morphometric parameters with those from wild bluefin tuna landed on 2001 at Sfax port (Tunisia. A total of 6,757 wild and fattened bluefin tuna were measured as straight-line fork length and 49,962 were weighted. Average value of K for wild BFT was 1.59 and respectively 2.43, 2.32, 2.15, 1.61, 1.79 and 1.90 for Fattened BFT after 5-6 months from 2005 to 2010. Length frequency of fattened bluefin showed clearly a substantial increase in juvenile rate. The percentage which was 21.4% in 2005 reached 31.3% in 2009. For weight distribution, 73.3% of the fish caught in 2001 are below the annual mean (75.7 kg, while means 71 to 72% of fattened fish were under annual mean weight. Year 2009 is exceptional because only 57% of fattened fish were under the mean weight. This demonstrates that the fish caught are becoming increasingly small. Mean weight for fattening period (77 to 124 kg are obviously higher than those of the wild fish (75,7kg.This study showed an increment in the amount of specimen under first sexual maturity which will not have the chance to spawn.

  12. Discovery of a spawning ground reveals diverse migration strategies in Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, David E; Marancik, Katrin E; Guyon, Jeffrey R; Lutcavage, Molly E; Galuardi, Benjamin; Lam, Chi Hin; Walsh, Harvey J; Wildes, Sharon; Yates, Douglas A; Hare, Jonathan A

    2016-03-22

    Atlantic bluefin tuna are a symbol of both the conflict between preservationist and utilitarian views of top ocean predators, and the struggle to reach international consensus on the management of migratory species. Currently, Atlantic bluefin tuna are managed as an early-maturing eastern stock, which spawns in the Mediterranean Sea, and a late-maturing western stock, which spawns in the Gulf of Mexico. However, electronic tagging studies show that many bluefin tuna, assumed to be of a mature size, do not visit either spawning ground during the spawning season. Whether these fish are spawning in an alternate location, skip-spawning, or not spawning until an older age affects how vulnerable this species is to anthropogenic stressors including exploitation. We use larval collections to demonstrate a bluefin tuna spawning ground in the Slope Sea, between the Gulf Stream and northeast United States continental shelf. We contend that western Atlantic bluefin tuna have a differential spawning migration, with larger individuals spawning in the Gulf of Mexico, and smaller individuals spawning in the Slope Sea. The current life history model, which assumes only Gulf of Mexico spawning, overestimates age at maturity for the western stock. Furthermore, individual tuna occupy both the Slope Sea and Mediterranean Sea in separate years, contrary to the prevailing view that individuals exhibit complete spawning-site fidelity. Overall, this complexity of spawning migrations questions whether there is complete independence in the dynamics of eastern and western Atlantic bluefin tuna and leads to lower estimates of the vulnerability of this species to exploitation and other anthropogenic stressors. PMID:26951668

  13. Discovery of a spawning ground reveals diverse migration strategies in Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, David E; Marancik, Katrin E; Guyon, Jeffrey R; Lutcavage, Molly E; Galuardi, Benjamin; Lam, Chi Hin; Walsh, Harvey J; Wildes, Sharon; Yates, Douglas A; Hare, Jonathan A

    2016-03-22

    Atlantic bluefin tuna are a symbol of both the conflict between preservationist and utilitarian views of top ocean predators, and the struggle to reach international consensus on the management of migratory species. Currently, Atlantic bluefin tuna are managed as an early-maturing eastern stock, which spawns in the Mediterranean Sea, and a late-maturing western stock, which spawns in the Gulf of Mexico. However, electronic tagging studies show that many bluefin tuna, assumed to be of a mature size, do not visit either spawning ground during the spawning season. Whether these fish are spawning in an alternate location, skip-spawning, or not spawning until an older age affects how vulnerable this species is to anthropogenic stressors including exploitation. We use larval collections to demonstrate a bluefin tuna spawning ground in the Slope Sea, between the Gulf Stream and northeast United States continental shelf. We contend that western Atlantic bluefin tuna have a differential spawning migration, with larger individuals spawning in the Gulf of Mexico, and smaller individuals spawning in the Slope Sea. The current life history model, which assumes only Gulf of Mexico spawning, overestimates age at maturity for the western stock. Furthermore, individual tuna occupy both the Slope Sea and Mediterranean Sea in separate years, contrary to the prevailing view that individuals exhibit complete spawning-site fidelity. Overall, this complexity of spawning migrations questions whether there is complete independence in the dynamics of eastern and western Atlantic bluefin tuna and leads to lower estimates of the vulnerability of this species to exploitation and other anthropogenic stressors.

  14. Detection rate of diarrhoea-causing Kudoa hexapunctata in Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis from Japanese waters.

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    Suzuki, Jun; Murata, Rie; Yokoyama, Hiroshi; Sadamasu, Kenji; Kai, Akemi

    2015-02-01

    Diffuse outbreaks of food poisoning with unknown aetiologies leading to diarrhoea and vomiting within a short time after ingesting flatfish (Paralichthys olivaceus), tuna (Thunnus spp.), or amberjack (Seriola dumerili) have occurred nationwide in Japan, including the Tokyo metropolitan area. In this study, we surveyed the detection rates of kudoid parasites in 12 tuna samples that caused clinical diarrhoea from 2009 to 2012; we assessed 104 samples of whole juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna (PBT, Thunnus orientalis) and 153 block samples of other tuna distributed in the Tokyo Metropolitan Central Wholesale Market. The survey revealed that more than 70% of clinical diarrhoea cases due to tuna ingestion occurred between June and September, and Kudoa hexapunctata were detected in 9 of 12 tuna samples associated with clinical diarrhoea cases. The numbers of spores and 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) copies per gram of fish in 8 of 9 samples were more than 1×10(6) spores and 1×10(9) copies, respectively. Market research revealed that the K. hexapunctata-positive rate in juvenile PBT from Japanese waters was 64.4% (67/104) but that in adult PBT was 10.4% (7/67). The numbers of K. hexapunctata 18S rDNA copies in 64.5% (20/31) samples and 72.7% (16/22) of <5kg fish samples collected between May and July were more than 1×10(9)copies/g. On the other hand, kudoid parasites were not detected from 73 tuna samples except for a single sample of Thunnus albacares. Cell monolayer permeability assays performed to examine the toxicity of K. hexapunctata against Caco-2 cells revealed that the transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) in 5×10(7)K. hexapunctata spores decreased by 80% within 2-4h. In conclusion, K. hexapunctata was commonly detected in juvenile PBT from Japanese waters and are a likely cause of the diarrhoea outbreaks.

  15. Detection rate of diarrhoea-causing Kudoa hexapunctata in Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis from Japanese waters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Jun; Murata, Rie; Yokoyama, Hiroshi; Sadamasu, Kenji; Kai, Akemi

    2015-02-01

    Diffuse outbreaks of food poisoning with unknown aetiologies leading to diarrhoea and vomiting within a short time after ingesting flatfish (Paralichthys olivaceus), tuna (Thunnus spp.), or amberjack (Seriola dumerili) have occurred nationwide in Japan, including the Tokyo metropolitan area. In this study, we surveyed the detection rates of kudoid parasites in 12 tuna samples that caused clinical diarrhoea from 2009 to 2012; we assessed 104 samples of whole juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna (PBT, Thunnus orientalis) and 153 block samples of other tuna distributed in the Tokyo Metropolitan Central Wholesale Market. The survey revealed that more than 70% of clinical diarrhoea cases due to tuna ingestion occurred between June and September, and Kudoa hexapunctata were detected in 9 of 12 tuna samples associated with clinical diarrhoea cases. The numbers of spores and 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) copies per gram of fish in 8 of 9 samples were more than 1×10(6) spores and 1×10(9) copies, respectively. Market research revealed that the K. hexapunctata-positive rate in juvenile PBT from Japanese waters was 64.4% (67/104) but that in adult PBT was 10.4% (7/67). The numbers of K. hexapunctata 18S rDNA copies in 64.5% (20/31) samples and 72.7% (16/22) of <5kg fish samples collected between May and July were more than 1×10(9)copies/g. On the other hand, kudoid parasites were not detected from 73 tuna samples except for a single sample of Thunnus albacares. Cell monolayer permeability assays performed to examine the toxicity of K. hexapunctata against Caco-2 cells revealed that the transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) in 5×10(7)K. hexapunctata spores decreased by 80% within 2-4h. In conclusion, K. hexapunctata was commonly detected in juvenile PBT from Japanese waters and are a likely cause of the diarrhoea outbreaks. PMID:25461601

  16. Quantifying mercury isotope dynamics in captive Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis

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    Sae Yun Kwon

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Analyses of mercury (Hg isotope ratios in fish tissues are used increasingly to infer sources and biogeochemical processes of Hg in natural aquatic ecosystems. Controlled experiments that can couple internal Hg isotope behavior with traditional isotope tracers (δ13C, δ15N can improve the applicability of Hg isotopes as natural ecological tracers. In this study, we investigated changes in Hg isotope ratios (δ202Hg, Δ199Hg during bioaccumulation of natural diets in the pelagic Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis; PBFT. Juvenile PBFT were fed a mixture of natural prey and a dietary supplement (60% Loligo opalescens, 31% Sardinops sagax, 9% gel supplement in captivity for 2914 days, and white muscle tissues were analyzed for Hg isotope ratios and compared to time in captivity and internal turnover of δ13C and δ15N. PBFT muscle tissues equilibrated to Hg isotope ratios of the dietary mixture within ∼700 days, after which we observed a cessation in further shifts in Δ199Hg, and small but significant negative δ202Hg shifts from the dietary mixture. The internal behavior of Δ199Hg is consistent with previous fish studies, which showed an absence of Δ199Hg fractionation during Hg bioaccumulation. The negative δ202Hg shifts can be attributed to either preferential excretion of Hg with higher δ202Hg values or individual variability in captive PBFT feeding preferences and/or consumption rates. The overall internal behavior of Hg isotopes is similar to that described for δ13C and δ15N, though observed Hg turnover was slower compared to carbon and nitrogen. This improved understanding of internal dynamics of Hg isotopes in relation to δ13C and δ15N enhances the applicability of Hg isotope ratios in fish tissues for tracing Hg sources in natural ecosystems.

  17. Spawning Dynamics and Size Related Trends in Reproductive Parameters of Southern Bluefin Tuna, Thunnus maccoyii.

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    Jessica H Farley

    Full Text Available Knowledge of spawning behaviour and fecundity of fish is important for estimating the reproductive potential of a stock and for constructing appropriate statistical models for assessing sustainable catch levels. Estimates of length-based reproductive parameters are particularly important for determining potential annual fecundity as a function of fish size, but they are often difficult to estimate reliably. Here we provide new information on the reproductive dynamics of southern bluefin tuna (SBT Thunnus maccoyii through the analysis of fish size and ovary histology collected on the spawning ground in 1993-1995 and 1999-2002. These are used to refine previous parameter estimates of spawning dynamics and investigate size related trends in these parameters. Our results suggest that the small SBT tend to arrive on the spawning ground slightly later and depart earlier in the spawning season relative to large fish. All females were mature and the majority were classed as spawning capable (actively spawning or non-spawning with a very small proportion classed as regressing. The fraction of females spawning per day decreased with fish size, but once females start a spawning episode, they spawned daily irrespective of size. Mean batch fecundity was estimated directly at 6.5 million oocytes. Analysis of ovary histology and ovary weight data indicated that relative batch fecundity, and the duration of spawning and non-spawning episodes, increased with fish size. These reproductive parameter estimates could be used with estimates of residency time on the spawning ground as a function of fish size (if known and demographic data for the spawning population to provide a time series of relative annual fecundity for SBT.

  18. Microarray gene expression profiles from mature gonad tissues of Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus in the Gulf of Mexico

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    Gardner Luke D

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bluefin tunas are highly prized pelagic fish species representing a significant economic resource to fisheries throughout the world. Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus populations have significantly declined due to overexploitation. As a consequence of their value and population decline, T. thynnus has been the focus of considerable research effort concerning many aspects of their life history. However, in-depth understanding of T. thynnus reproductive biology is still lacking. Knowledge of reproductive physiology is a very important tool for determining effective fisheries and aquaculture management. Transcriptome techniques are proving powerful and provide novel insights into physiological processes. Construction of a microarray from T. thynnus ESTs sourced from reproductive tissues has provided an ideal platform to study the reproductive physiology of bluefin tunas. The aim of this investigation was to compare transcription profiles from the ovaries and testes of mature T. thynnus to establish sex specific variations underlying their reproductive physiology. Results Male and females T. thynnus gonad tissues were collected from the wild and histologically staged. Sub-samples of sexually mature tissues were also measured for their mRNA differential expression among the sexes using the custom microarray design BFT 4X44K. A total of 7068 ESTs were assessed for differential expression of which 1273 ESTs were significantly different (p2 fold change in expression according to sex. Differential expression for 13 of these ESTs was validated with quantitative PCR. These include genes involved in egg envelope formation, hydration, and lipid transport/accumulation more highly expressed in ovaries compared with testis, while genes involved in meiosis, sperm motility and lipid metabolism were more highly expressed in testis compared with ovaries. Conclusions This investigation has furthered our knowledge of bluefin tunas

  19. Tissue turnover rates and isotopic trophic discrimination factors in the endothermic teleost, pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis.

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    Daniel J Madigan

    Full Text Available Stable isotope analysis (SIA of highly migratory marine pelagic animals can improve understanding of their migratory patterns and trophic ecology. However, accurate interpretation of isotopic analyses relies on knowledge of isotope turnover rates and tissue-diet isotope discrimination factors. Laboratory-derived turnover rates and discrimination factors have been difficult to obtain due to the challenges of maintaining these species in captivity. We conducted a study to determine tissue- (white muscle and liver and isotope- (nitrogen and carbon specific turnover rates and trophic discrimination factors (TDFs using archived tissues from captive Pacific bluefin tuna (PBFT, Thunnus orientalis, 1-2914 days after a diet shift in captivity. Half-life values for (15N turnover in white muscle and liver were 167 and 86 days, and for (13C were 255 and 162 days, respectively. TDFs for white muscle and liver were 1.9 and 1.1‰ for δ(15N and 1.8 and 1.2‰ for δ(13C, respectively. Our results demonstrate that turnover of (15N and (13C in bluefin tuna tissues is well described by a single compartment first-order kinetics model. We report variability in turnover rates between tissue types and their isotope dynamics, and hypothesize that metabolic processes play a large role in turnover of nitrogen and carbon in PBFT white muscle and liver tissues. (15N in white muscle tissue showed the most predictable change with diet over time, suggesting that white muscle δ(15N data may provide the most reliable inferences for diet and migration studies using stable isotopes in wild fish. These results allow more accurate interpretation of field data and dramatically improve our ability to use stable isotope data from wild tunas to better understand their migration patterns and trophic ecology.

  20. Brain morphology and immunohistochemical localization of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone in the bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus

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    G Palmieri

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study was focused on the morphology of the diencephalic nuclei (likely involved in reproductive functions as well as on the distribution of GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone in the rhinencephalon, telencephalon and the diencephalon of the brain of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus by means of immunohistochemistry. Bluefin tuna has an encephalization quotient (QE similar to that of other large pelagic fish. Its brain exhibits well-developed optic tecta and corpus cerebelli. The diencephalic neuron cell bodies involved in reproductive functions are grouped in two main nuclei: the nucleus preopticus-periventricularis and the nucleus lateralis tuberis. The nucleus preopticus-periventricularis consists of the nucleus periventricularis and the nucleus preopticus consisting of a few sparse multipolar neurons in the rostral part and numerous cells closely packed and arranged in several layers in its aboral part. The nucleus lateralis tuberis is located in the ventral-lateral area of the diencephalon and is made up of a number of large multipolar neurones. Four different polyclonal primary antibodies against salmon (sGnRH, chicken (cGnRH-II (cGnRH-II 675, cGnRH-II 6 and sea bream (sbGnRH were employed in the immunohistochemical experiments. No immunoreactive structures were found with anti sbGnRH serum. sGnRH and cGnRH-II antisera revealed immunoreactivity in the perikarya of the olfactory bulbs, preopticus-periventricular nucleus, oculomotor nucleus and midbrain tegmentum. The nucleus lateralis tuberis showed immunostaining only with anti-sGnRH serum. Nerve fibres immunoreactive to cGnRH and sGnRH sera were found in the olfactory bulbs, olfactory nerve and neurohypophysis. The significance of the distribution of the GnRHimmunoreactive neuronal structures is discussed.

  1. Brain morphology and immunohistochemical localization of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone in the bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmieri, G; Acone, F; Desantis, S; Corriero, A; Ventriglia, G; Addis, P; Genovese, S; Aprea, A; Spedicato, D; Losurdo, M; Deflorio, M; Di Summa, A; De Metrio, G

    2008-01-01

    The present study was focused on the morphology of the diencephalic nuclei (likely involved in reproductive functions) as well as on the distribution of GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone) in the rhinencephalon, telencephalon and the diencephalon of the brain of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) by means of immunohistochemistry. Bluefin tuna has an encephalization quotient (QE) similar to that of other large pelagic fish. Its brain exhibits well-developed optic tecta and corpus cerebelli. The diencephalic neuron cell bodies involved in reproductive functions are grouped in two main nuclei: the nucleus preopticus-periventricularis and the nucleus lateralis tuberis. The nucleus preopticus-periventricularis consists of the nucleus periventricularis and the nucleus preopticus consisting of a few sparse multipolar neurons in the rostral part and numerous cells closely packed and arranged in several layers in its aboral part. The nucleus lateralis tuberis is located in the ventral-lateral area of the diencephalon and is made up of a number of large multipolar neurones. Four different polyclonal primary antibodies against salmon (s)GnRH, chicken (c)GnRH-II (cGnRH-II 675, cGnRH-II 6) and sea bream (sb)GnRH were employed in the immunohistochemical experiments. No immunoreactive structures were found with anti sbGnRH serum. sGnRH and cGnRH-II antisera revealed immunoreactivity in the perikarya of the olfactory bulbs, preopticus-periventricular nucleus, oculomotor nucleus and midbrain tegmentum. The nucleus lateralis tuberis showed immunostaining only with anti-sGnRH serum. Nerve fibres immunoreactive to cGnRH and sGnRH sera were found in the olfactory bulbs, olfactory nerve and neurohypophysis. The significance of the distribution of the GnRH-immunoreactive neuronal structures is discussed. PMID:18502719

  2. Burst feeding of Pelagia noctiluca ephyrae on Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus eggs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Gordoa

    Full Text Available This study investigates the predation of P. noctiluca ephyrae on Atlantic Bluefin tuna (ABFT eggs under different experimental conditions. The specific factors considered in the experimental design were: a water mix conditions to explore predation under two-dimensional (2D and three-dimensional (3D prey distributions, b prey density to investigate the ingestion rate capacity, and c incubation time to inspect gut saturation. The eggs and jellyfish ephyrae were collected during the 2012 ABFT spawning survey off Ibiza (Balearic Isl., Western Mediterranean. The results showed that the proportion of feeding ephyrae increased with size. The mean clearance rate of feeding ephyrae, 4.14 L h(-1, was the highest ever recorded for ephyrae. Under calm conditions the eggs floated at the surface (2D spatial arrangement and the clearance rates, at low prey densities, were at least twice those under mixed conditions (3D spatial arrangement. At high prey density, clearance rate did not differ between mix conditions, probably due to the fast gut saturation, which was reached in c.a. 15 min, as revealed by time series observations of gut contents. The fast saturation of ephyrae and their slow digestion time of approximately 18 h suggest the existence of a diel feeding periodicity. We conclude that in the Western Mediterranean, P. noctiluca ephyrae are capable of predating on ABFT eggs, a highly pulsed and spatially restricted resource that potentially switches from a 3D to a 2D configuration in the absence of wind-generated turbulence. The P. noctiluca and Atlantic Bluefin tuna egg system might represent an example of a general mechanism linking pelagic and neustonic food webs.

  3. Geographical approaches the bluefin Tuna (thunnus thynnus farmers and farm of Musellim passage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rüştü Ilgar

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The study area is important strait of our country and Lesvos Island between on the where the Biga Peninsula and Lesvos Island approach. Greenpeace, Southeast ANSE (Asociacion de Naturalistas del Sureste, WWF (World Wildlife Fund. As a result of these attempts, on April 15-19, 2002 ICCAT (International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna and GFCM (Genaral Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean gathered in Malta and studied on fish stocks and statistic values. At last, on April 29, 2002 they published a moratorium aimed at European Community Ministries in Cartagena. The objective of this work is to tourism process affecting life and safety aquatic biosphere, which the intensive interactions take places and discusses optimization proposals for Thunnus thynnus farmers.

  4. A standardised abundance index from commercial spotting data of southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii: random effects to the rescue.

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    Marinelle Basson

    Full Text Available Commercial aerial spotting of surface schools of juvenile southern bluefin tuna (SBT, Thunnus maccoyii, is conducted as part of fishing operations in the Great Australian Bight in summer. This provides the opportunity to efficiently collect large amounts of data on sightings of SBT. The data can potentially be used to construct a time-series index of relative abundance by standardising the data for issues such as weather, spotter ability and ocean conditions. Unlike a statistically designed survey, the commercial spotting is governed by business considerations and fishing operations. The SBT dataset is therefore highly unbalanced with regard to spotters operating in each season. This complicates the standardisation of the data, particularly with regard to interactions between covariates. We show how a generalized additive model with random effects can simplify both the fitting of the model and the construction of an index, while also avoiding the need to leave out strata or interaction terms that are important. The approach is applicable to standardisation of more traditional catch and effort data.

  5. Dispersal routes and habitat utilization of juvenile Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, tracked with mini PSAT and archival tags.

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    Benjamin Galuardi

    Full Text Available Between 2005 and 2009, we deployed 58 miniature pop-up satellite archival tags (PSAT and 132 implanted archival tags on juvenile Atlantic bluefin tuna (age 2-5 in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. Data returned from these efforts (n = 26 PSATs, 1 archival tag revealed their dispersal routes, horizontal and vertical movements and habitat utilization. All of the tagged bluefin tuna remained in the northwest Atlantic for the duration observed, and in summer months exhibited core-use of coastal seas extending from Maryland to Cape Cod, MA, (USA out to the shelf break. Their winter distributions were more spatially disaggregated, ranging south to the South Atlantic Bight, northern Bahamas and Gulf Stream. Vertical habitat patterns showed that juvenile bluefin tuna mainly occupied shallow depths (mean= 5-12 m, sd = 15-23.7 m and relatively warm water masses in summer (mean= 17.9-20.9°C, sd= 4.2-2.6°C and had deeper and more variable depth patterns in winter (mean= 41-58 m, sd= 48.9-62.2 m. Our tagging results reveal annual dispersal patterns, behavior and oceanographic associations of juvenile Atlantic bluefin tuna that were only surmised in earlier studies. Fishery independent profiling from electronic tagging also provide spatially and temporally explicit information for evaluating dispersals rates, population structure and fisheries catch patterns.

  6. Molecular Identification of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus, Scombridae Larvae and Development of a DNA Character-Based Identification Key for Mediterranean Scombrids.

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    Gregory Neils Puncher

    Full Text Available The Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, is a commercially important species that has been severely over-exploited in the recent past. Although the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean stock is now showing signs of recovery, its current status remains very uncertain and as a consequence their recovery is dependent upon severe management informed by rigorous scientific research. Monitoring of early life history stages can inform decision makers about the health of the species based upon recruitment and survival rates. Misidentification of fish larvae and eggs can lead to inaccurate estimates of stock biomass and productivity which can trigger demands for increased quotas and unsound management conclusions. Herein we used a molecular approach employing mitochondrial and nuclear genes (CO1 and ITS1, respectively to identify larvae (n = 188 collected from three spawning areas in the Mediterranean Sea by different institutions working with a regional fisheries management organization. Several techniques were used to analyze the genetic sequences (sequence alignments using search algorithms, neighbour joining trees, and a genetic character-based identification key and an extensive comparison of the results is presented. During this process various inaccuracies in related publications and online databases were uncovered. Our results reveal important differences in the accuracy of the taxonomic identifications carried out by different ichthyoplanktologists following morphology-based methods. While less than half of larvae provided were bluefin tuna, other dominant taxa were bullet tuna (Auxis rochei, albacore (Thunnus alalunga and little tunny (Euthynnus alletteratus. We advocate an expansion of expertise for a new generation of morphology-based taxonomists, increased dialogue between morphology-based and molecular taxonomists and increased scrutiny of public sequence databases.

  7. Molecular Identification of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus, Scombridae) Larvae and Development of a DNA Character-Based Identification Key for Mediterranean Scombrids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puncher, Gregory Neils; Arrizabalaga, Haritz; Alemany, Francisco; Cariani, Alessia; Oray, Isik K; Karakulak, F Saadet; Basilone, Gualtiero; Cuttitta, Angela; Mazzola, Salvatore; Tinti, Fausto

    2015-01-01

    The Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, is a commercially important species that has been severely over-exploited in the recent past. Although the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean stock is now showing signs of recovery, its current status remains very uncertain and as a consequence their recovery is dependent upon severe management informed by rigorous scientific research. Monitoring of early life history stages can inform decision makers about the health of the species based upon recruitment and survival rates. Misidentification of fish larvae and eggs can lead to inaccurate estimates of stock biomass and productivity which can trigger demands for increased quotas and unsound management conclusions. Herein we used a molecular approach employing mitochondrial and nuclear genes (CO1 and ITS1, respectively) to identify larvae (n = 188) collected from three spawning areas in the Mediterranean Sea by different institutions working with a regional fisheries management organization. Several techniques were used to analyze the genetic sequences (sequence alignments using search algorithms, neighbour joining trees, and a genetic character-based identification key) and an extensive comparison of the results is presented. During this process various inaccuracies in related publications and online databases were uncovered. Our results reveal important differences in the accuracy of the taxonomic identifications carried out by different ichthyoplanktologists following morphology-based methods. While less than half of larvae provided were bluefin tuna, other dominant taxa were bullet tuna (Auxis rochei), albacore (Thunnus alalunga) and little tunny (Euthynnus alletteratus). We advocate an expansion of expertise for a new generation of morphology-based taxonomists, increased dialogue between morphology-based and molecular taxonomists and increased scrutiny of public sequence databases.

  8. On Making Statistical Inferences Regarding the Relationship between Spawners and Recruits and the Irresolute Case of Western Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porch, Clay E; Lauretta, Matthew V

    2016-01-01

    Forecasts of the future abundance of western Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) have, for nearly two decades, been based on two competing views of future recruitment potential: (1) a "low" recruitment scenario based on hockey-stick (two-line) curve where the expected level of recruitment is set equal to the geometric mean of the recruitment estimates for the years after a supposed regime-shift in 1975, and (2) a "high" recruitment scenario based on a Beverton-Holt curve fit to the time series of spawner-recruit pairs beginning in 1970. Several investigators inferred the relative plausibility of these two scenarios based on measures of their ability to fit estimates of spawning biomass and recruitment derived from stock assessment outputs. Typically, these comparisons have assumed the assessment estimates of spawning biomass are known without error. It is shown here that ignoring error in the spawning biomass estimates can predispose model-choice approaches to favor the regime-shift hypothesis over the Beverton-Holt curve with higher recruitment potential. When the variance of the observation error approaches that which is typically estimated for assessment outputs, the same model-choice approaches tend to favor the single Beverton-Holt curve. For this and other reasons, it is argued that standard model-choice approaches are insufficient to make the case for a regime shift in the recruitment dynamics of western Atlantic bluefin tuna. A more fruitful course of action may be to move away from the current high/low recruitment dichotomy and focus instead on adopting biological reference points and management procedures that are robust to these and other sources of uncertainty. PMID:27272215

  9. On Making Statistical Inferences Regarding the Relationship between Spawners and Recruits and the Irresolute Case of Western Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clay E Porch

    Full Text Available Forecasts of the future abundance of western Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus have, for nearly two decades, been based on two competing views of future recruitment potential: (1 a "low" recruitment scenario based on hockey-stick (two-line curve where the expected level of recruitment is set equal to the geometric mean of the recruitment estimates for the years after a supposed regime-shift in 1975, and (2 a "high" recruitment scenario based on a Beverton-Holt curve fit to the time series of spawner-recruit pairs beginning in 1970. Several investigators inferred the relative plausibility of these two scenarios based on measures of their ability to fit estimates of spawning biomass and recruitment derived from stock assessment outputs. Typically, these comparisons have assumed the assessment estimates of spawning biomass are known without error. It is shown here that ignoring error in the spawning biomass estimates can predispose model-choice approaches to favor the regime-shift hypothesis over the Beverton-Holt curve with higher recruitment potential. When the variance of the observation error approaches that which is typically estimated for assessment outputs, the same model-choice approaches tend to favor the single Beverton-Holt curve. For this and other reasons, it is argued that standard model-choice approaches are insufficient to make the case for a regime shift in the recruitment dynamics of western Atlantic bluefin tuna. A more fruitful course of action may be to move away from the current high/low recruitment dichotomy and focus instead on adopting biological reference points and management procedures that are robust to these and other sources of uncertainty.

  10. The Kiss2 receptor (Kiss2r) gene in Southern Bluefin Tuna, Thunnus maccoyii and in Yellowtail Kingfish, Seriola lalandi - functional analysis and isolation of transcript variants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nocillado, J N; Biran, J; Lee, Y Y; Levavi-Sivan, B; Mechaly, A S; Zohar, Y; Elizur, A

    2012-10-15

    The kisspeptin system plays an essential role in reproductive function in vertebrates, particularly in the onset of puberty. We investigated the kisspeptin system in two Perciform teleosts, the Southern Bluefin Tuna (SBT; Thunnus maccoyii), and the Yellowtail Kingfish (YTK; Seriola lalandi), by characterising their kisspeptin 2 receptor (Kiss2r) genes. In addition to the full length Kiss2r cDNA sequences, we have isolated from SBT and YTK a transcript variant that retained an intron. We have further obtained three ytkKiss2r transcript variants that contained deletions. In vitro functional analysis of the full length SBT and YTK Kiss2r showed higher response to Kiss2-10 than to Kiss1-10, with stronger transduction via PKC than PKA. The full length ytkKiss2r and two deletion variants were differentially expressed in the brain of male, but not in female, juvenile YTK treated with increasing doses of Kiss2-10 peptide. In the gonads, the expression level of the ytkKiss2r transcripts did not vary significantly either in the male or female fish. This is the first time that transcript variants of the Kiss2r gene that contain deletions and show responsiveness to treatments with kisspeptin have been reported in any teleost. PMID:22824208

  11. Dietary evidence of mesopelagic and pelagic foraging by Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus L. during autumn migrations to the Iceland Basin

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    Droplaug eOlafsdottir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT; Thunnus thynnus is a large highly mobile predator fish species in the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Knowledge of its trophic role in marine food webs in summer feeding areas is presently based on recent (1980s-2010s sampling in the Bay of Biscay, Gulfs of Maine and St. Lawrence, and from historical (1950s-1960s sampling in the Norwegian-North Sea-Kattegat. No study has yet investigated the diets of ABFT in Icelandic waters, where it supported an experimental fishery during 1996-2005, nor in any region north of the Bay of Biscay since the 1960s. However north Atlantic temperatures and fish species distributions, including some ABFT prey species (e. g., mackerel have been changing in the 2000s. New knowledge of ABFT diets in previously understudied parts of the species range will be useful for understanding factors affecting the trophic role, migration behavior and bioenergetics of ABFT. Here we report the dietary composition of ABFT during autumn migrations to the Iceland Basin south of the continental shelf of Iceland. A total of 36 prey species or higher taxa were observed in 421 stomach samples: 17 teleost fishes, 4 squid, 1 octopus, 11 crustaceans and 2 other invertebrate species. The most important prey species European flying squid (Todarodes sagittatus (%N=16.70, %W=48.89; %FO=87.65, barracudinas (Paralepididae (%N=14.05, %W=28.59, %FO=76.48 and gonate squid (Gonatus sp. (%N=9.17, %W=7.85, %FO=75.06. Prey sizes were highly variable relative to ABFT sizes indicating highly opportunistic feeding on diverse sizes. The presence of a large proportion of mesopelagic species in the diet indicates feeding in the mesopelagic layer and extensive dive behavior. These results give new baseline knowledge for future comparison with anticipated oceanographic-biological changes in the region in the coming decades and can be used to help parameterize new models of ABFT migration behavior and trophic role.

  12. Distribution of persistent organic pollutants (POPS) IN wild Bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) from different FAO capture zones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiesa, L M; Labella, G F; Panseri, S; Pavlovic, R; Bonacci, S; Arioli, F

    2016-06-01

    Residues of environmental contaminants in food represent a concern in food safety programs. In this study, the distribution of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) were evaluated in 79 tuna samples from FAO areas 51 (Indian Ocean), 71 (Pacific Ocean), 34 (Atlantic Ocean), and 37 (Mediterranean Sea). 6 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 16 organochlorines (OCs) and 7 polybrominated biphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were selected as representative compounds according to EFSA POPs monitoring guidelines. An analytical method, based on Accelerated Solvent Extraction (ASE), with an "in-line" clean-up step and GC-MS/MS detection, was developed, validated and applied. PCBs were detected in all FAO areas, with a prevalence of 100% for most of them. In the FAO area 37, only, all PBDEs were detected. Only 5 OCs were detected. The results showed that POPs contamination of tuna reflects FAO area contamination; in particular FAO area 37 was the most polluted. Moreover, tuna muscle was an appropriate matrix for monitoring contamination and for obtaining information about food safety. PMID:27016811

  13. Spawning of bluefin tuna in the black sea: historical evidence, environmental constraints and population plasticity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mackenzie, Brian R; Mariani, Patrizio

    2012-01-01

    species of fish. We conclude that these adaptations would have been necessary for successful local reproduction by bluefin tuna in the Black Sea, and that a locally-adapted reproducing population may have disappeared. Recovery of bluefin tuna in the Black Sea, either for spawning or foraging, will occur......The lucrative and highly migratory Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758; Scombridae), used to be distributed widely throughout the north Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. Its migrations have supported sustainable fisheries and impacted local cultures since antiquity......, but its biogeographic range has contracted since the 1950s. Most recently, the species disappeared from the Black Sea in the late 1980s and has not yet recovered. Reasons for the Black Sea disappearance, and the species-wide range contraction, are unclear. However bluefin tuna formerly foraged...

  14. Modelling retention and dispersion mechanisms of bluefin tuna eggs and larvae in the Northwest Mediterranean Sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mariani, Patrizio; MacKenzie, Brian; Iudicone, D.;

    2010-01-01

    Knowledge of early life history of most fish species in the Mediterranean Sea is sparse and processes affecting their recruitment are poorly understood. This is particularly true for bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, even though this species is one of the world's most valued fish species. Here we...

  15. Determination of temporal spawning patterns and hatching time in response to temperature of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) in the Western Mediterranean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordoa, Ana; Carreras, Gustavo

    2014-01-01

    This study analysed the temporal pattern of Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT) spawning in the Balearic spawning ground and examined its reproductive performance after years in captivity. Furthermore, ABFT hatching time at different on-site temperatures was determined for the first time. Spawning surveys were carried out in 4 spawning seasons (2009-2012) aboard tuna transport vessels. Three groups of spawners were monitored: a captive group transported to the spawning region and monitored throughout the four spawning seasons and two wild groups caught in 2009 and 2010 which were transferred to a monitoring transport cage immediately after being caught. Surface plankton samples were collected nightly, beginning immediately after the first purse seine catches were made and concluding after spawning was observed to have ended. All groups displayed the same spawning hours, restricted between 2:00-5:00 a.m. The captive group, as they got older, shifted towards the earliest hour, suggesting an age influence on reproductive time. The onset of spawning varied annually from the end of May to the beginning of June at temperatures around 19 °C-20 °C, ending by the second week of July. The peak of spawning was consistently around the summer solstice, June 15th-30th. The results showed the negative effect of unstable oceanographic conditions in the spawning process which might influence the annual reproductive success of ABFT. The influence of temperature on hatching time was higher than that observed in other tuna species, twice as fast at 26 °C (23 h) as at 19.5 °C (49 h). Overall, this study shows the strength of the internal mechanism in ABFT that controls spawning traits. Spawning in ABFT is cyclical and highly synchronised on diel and annual scales. We consider that the timing of spawning is rather influenced by day length and its adaptive significance is discussed.

  16. Determination of temporal spawning patterns and hatching time in response to temperature of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus in the Western Mediterranean.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Gordoa

    Full Text Available This study analysed the temporal pattern of Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT spawning in the Balearic spawning ground and examined its reproductive performance after years in captivity. Furthermore, ABFT hatching time at different on-site temperatures was determined for the first time. Spawning surveys were carried out in 4 spawning seasons (2009-2012 aboard tuna transport vessels. Three groups of spawners were monitored: a captive group transported to the spawning region and monitored throughout the four spawning seasons and two wild groups caught in 2009 and 2010 which were transferred to a monitoring transport cage immediately after being caught. Surface plankton samples were collected nightly, beginning immediately after the first purse seine catches were made and concluding after spawning was observed to have ended. All groups displayed the same spawning hours, restricted between 2:00-5:00 a.m. The captive group, as they got older, shifted towards the earliest hour, suggesting an age influence on reproductive time. The onset of spawning varied annually from the end of May to the beginning of June at temperatures around 19 °C-20 °C, ending by the second week of July. The peak of spawning was consistently around the summer solstice, June 15th-30th. The results showed the negative effect of unstable oceanographic conditions in the spawning process which might influence the annual reproductive success of ABFT. The influence of temperature on hatching time was higher than that observed in other tuna species, twice as fast at 26 °C (23 h as at 19.5 °C (49 h. Overall, this study shows the strength of the internal mechanism in ABFT that controls spawning traits. Spawning in ABFT is cyclical and highly synchronised on diel and annual scales. We consider that the timing of spawning is rather influenced by day length and its adaptive significance is discussed.

  17. Trophic ecology of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus) [corrected] larvae from the Gulf of Mexico and NW Mediterranean spawning grounds: A Comparative Stable Isotope Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laiz-Carrión, Raúl; Gerard, Trika; Uriarte, Amaya; Malca, Estrella; Quintanilla, José María; Muhling, Barbara A; Alemany, Francisco; Privoznik, Sarah L; Shiroza, Akihiro; Lamkin, John T; García, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    The present study uses stable isotopes of nitrogen and carbon (δ15Nandδ13C) as trophic indicators for Atlantic bluefin tuna larvae (BFT) (6-10 mm standard length) in the highly contrasting environmental conditions of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) and the Balearic Sea (MED). These regions are differentiated by their temperature regime and relative productivity, with the GOM being significantly warmer and more productive. MED BFT larvae showed the highest δ15N signatures, implying an elevated trophic position above the underlying microzooplankton baseline. Ontogenetic dietary shifts were observed in the BFT larvae from the GOM and MED which indicates early life trophodynamics differences between these spawning habitats. Significant trophic differences between the GOM and MED larvae were observed in relation to δ15N signatures in favour of the MED larvae, which may have important implications in their growth during their early life stages.These low δ15N levels in the zooplankton from the GOM may be an indication of a shifting isotopic baseline in pelagic food webs due to diatrophic inputs by cyanobacteria. Lack of enrichment for δ15N in BFT larvae compared to zooplankton implies an alternative grazing pathway from the traditional food chain of phytoplankton-zooplankton-larval fish. Results provide insight for a comparative characterization of the trophic pathways variability of the two main spawning grounds for BFT larvae.

  18. Trophic ecology of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus [corrected] larvae from the Gulf of Mexico and NW Mediterranean spawning grounds: A Comparative Stable Isotope Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Laiz-Carrión

    Full Text Available The present study uses stable isotopes of nitrogen and carbon (δ15Nandδ13C as trophic indicators for Atlantic bluefin tuna larvae (BFT (6-10 mm standard length in the highly contrasting environmental conditions of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM and the Balearic Sea (MED. These regions are differentiated by their temperature regime and relative productivity, with the GOM being significantly warmer and more productive. MED BFT larvae showed the highest δ15N signatures, implying an elevated trophic position above the underlying microzooplankton baseline. Ontogenetic dietary shifts were observed in the BFT larvae from the GOM and MED which indicates early life trophodynamics differences between these spawning habitats. Significant trophic differences between the GOM and MED larvae were observed in relation to δ15N signatures in favour of the MED larvae, which may have important implications in their growth during their early life stages.These low δ15N levels in the zooplankton from the GOM may be an indication of a shifting isotopic baseline in pelagic food webs due to diatrophic inputs by cyanobacteria. Lack of enrichment for δ15N in BFT larvae compared to zooplankton implies an alternative grazing pathway from the traditional food chain of phytoplankton-zooplankton-larval fish. Results provide insight for a comparative characterization of the trophic pathways variability of the two main spawning grounds for BFT larvae.

  19. Impending collapse of bluefin tuna in the northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    MacKenzie, Brian; Mosegaard, Henrik; Rosenberg, Andrew A.

    2009-01-01

    The abundance of bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, in the east Atlantic and Mediterranean has declined in recent decades. The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), the regional bluefin tuna management authority, has developed a plan to promote recovery by 2022, while...... still permitting fishing to continue during the period 2008-2010. Here we predict that the adult population in 2011 will likely be 75% lower relative to 2005 and that quotas in some intervening years will allow the fishery to capture legally all of the adult fish. Population demographics (proportion...... of older fish and repeat spawners in population) indicate that buffering capacity against years of poor reproduction has been reduced. This population is at risk of collapse (90% decline in adult biomass within three generations, the criterion used by the IUCN for defining populations as Critically...

  20. A cascade of warming impacts brings bluefin tuna to Greenland waters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    MacKenzie, Brian; Payne, Mark; Boje, Jesper;

    in ecological isolation from others. Here we show that a large highly migratory top predator fish species has entered a high latitude sub-polar area. Bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus Linnaeus 1758, were captured in waters east of Greenland (65o N) in August 2012 during exploratory fishing for Atlantic mackerel......Rising ocean temperatures are causing marine fish species to shift spatial distributions and ranges, and are altering predator-prey dynamics in food-webs. Most documented cases of species shifts so far involve relatively small species at lower trophic levels, and consider individual species......, Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758. The bluefin tuna were captured in a single net-haul in 9-11o C water together with 6 tonnes of mackerel, which is a preferred prey species and itself a new immigrant to the area. Regional temperatures in August 2012 were historically high and contributed to a warming trend...

  1. Evolutionary changes of multiple visual pigment genes in the complete genome of Pacific bluefin tuna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Yoji; Mori, Kazuki; Saitoh, Kenji; Oshima, Kenshiro; Mekuchi, Miyuki; Sugaya, Takuma; Shigenobu, Yuya; Ojima, Nobuhiko; Muta, Shigeru; Fujiwara, Atushi; Yasuike, Motoshige; Oohara, Ichiro; Hirakawa, Hideki; Chowdhury, Vishwajit Sur; Kobayashi, Takanori; Nakajima, Kazuhiro; Sano, Motohiko; Wada, Tokio; Tashiro, Kosuke; Ikeo, Kazuho; Hattori, Masahira; Kuhara, Satoru; Gojobori, Takashi; Inouye, Kiyoshi

    2013-07-01

    Tunas are migratory fishes in offshore habitats and top predators with unique features. Despite their ecological importance and high market values, the open-ocean lifestyle of tuna, in which effective sensing systems such as color vision are required for capture of prey, has been poorly understood. To elucidate the genetic and evolutionary basis of optic adaptation of tuna, we determined the genome sequence of the Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis), using next-generation sequencing technology. A total of 26,433 protein-coding genes were predicted from 16,802 assembled scaffolds. From these, we identified five common fish visual pigment genes: red-sensitive (middle/long-wavelength sensitive; M/LWS), UV-sensitive (short-wavelength sensitive 1; SWS1), blue-sensitive (SWS2), rhodopsin (RH1), and green-sensitive (RH2) opsin genes. Sequence comparison revealed that tuna's RH1 gene has an amino acid substitution that causes a short-wave shift in the absorption spectrum (i.e., blue shift). Pacific bluefin tuna has at least five RH2 paralogs, the most among studied fishes; four of the proteins encoded may be tuned to blue light at the amino acid level. Moreover, phylogenetic analysis suggested that gene conversions have occurred in each of the SWS2 and RH2 loci in a short period. Thus, Pacific bluefin tuna has undergone evolutionary changes in three genes (RH1, RH2, and SWS2), which may have contributed to detecting blue-green contrast and measuring the distance to prey in the blue-pelagic ocean. These findings provide basic information on behavioral traits of predatory fish and, thereby, could help to improve the technology to culture such fish in captivity for resource management. PMID:23781100

  2. A cascade of warming impacts brings bluefin tuna to Greenland waters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKenzie, Brian R; Payne, Mark R; Boje, Jesper; Høyer, Jacob L; Siegstad, Helle

    2014-08-01

    Rising ocean temperatures are causing marine fish species to shift spatial distributions and ranges, and are altering predator-prey dynamics in food webs. Most documented cases of species shifts so far involve relatively small species at lower trophic levels, and consider individual species in ecological isolation from others. Here, we show that a large highly migratory top predator fish species has entered a high latitude subpolar area beyond its usual range. Bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus Linnaeus 1758, were captured in waters east of Greenland (65°N) in August 2012 during exploratory fishing for Atlantic mackerel, Scomber scombrus Linnaeus 1758. The bluefin tuna were captured in a single net-haul in 9-11 °C water together with 6 tonnes of mackerel, which is a preferred prey species and itself a new immigrant to the area. Regional temperatures in August 2012 were historically high and contributed to a warming trend since 1985, when temperatures began to rise. The presence of bluefin tuna in this region is likely due to a combination of warm temperatures that are physiologically more tolerable and immigration of an important prey species to the region. We conclude that a cascade of climate change impacts is restructuring the food web in east Greenland waters.

  3. A validated methodology for genetic identification of tuna species (genus Thunnus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Viñas

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Tuna species of the genus Thunnus, such as the bluefin tunas, are some of the most important and yet most endangered trade fish in the world. Identification of these species in traded forms, however, may be difficult depending on the presentation of the products, which may hamper conservation efforts on trade control. In this paper, we validated a genetic methodology that can fully distinguish between the eight Thunnus species from any kind of processed tissue. METHODOLOGY: After testing several genetic markers, a complete discrimination of the eight tuna species was achieved using Forensically Informative Nucleotide Sequencing based primarily on the sequence variability of the hypervariable genetic marker mitochondrial DNA control region (mtDNA CR, followed, in some specific cases, by a second validation by a nuclear marker rDNA first internal transcribed spacer (ITS1. This methodology was able to distinguish all tuna species, including those belonging to the subgenus Neothunnus that are very closely related, and in consequence can not be differentiated with other genetic markers of lower variability. This methodology also took into consideration the presence of introgression that has been reported in past studies between T. thynnus, T. orientalis and T. alalunga. Finally, we applied the methodology to cross-check the species identity of 26 processed tuna samples. CONCLUSIONS: Using the combination of two genetic markers, one mitochondrial and another nuclear, allows a full discrimination between all eight tuna species. Unexpectedly, the genetic marker traditionally used for DNA barcoding, cytochrome oxidase 1, could not differentiate all species, thus its use as a genetic marker for tuna species identification is questioned.

  4. Characterization of the spawning habitat of Atlantic bluefin tuna and related species in the Balearic Sea (western Mediterranean)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alemany, F.; Quintanilla, L.; Velez-Belchí, P.; García, A.; Cortés, D.; Rodríguez, J. M.; Fernández de Puelles, M. L.; González-Pola, C.; López-Jurado, J. L.

    2010-07-01

    Within the framework of the TUNIBAL project that focused on Atlantic bluefin tuna ( Thunnus thynnus) larval ecology, ichthyoplankton surveys were conducted from 2001 to 2005 off the Balearic archipelago, which is recognized as one of the main spawning areas of the eastern Atlantic stock of this species. In each survey, a regular sampling grid of about 200 stations, 10 nautical miles apart were sampled. CTD casts and oblique Bongo 60 and surface Bongo 90 plankton tows were carried out. The occurrence frequencies of Atlantic bluefin tuna, albacore tuna ( Thunnus alalunga) and bullet tuna ( Auxis rochei) larvae in quantitative Bongo 60 samples were 0.14, 0.29 and 0.49 respectively. Mean larval abundances in these positive samples were relatively high: 31 larvae 10 m -2 for Atlantic bluefin tuna, 17 for albacore tuna and 31 for bullet tuna. All species had patchy distributions since more than 90% of the stations showed larval densities under 10 larvae 100 m -3 (70% showed even less than 2 larvae 100 m -3), whereas in some isolated spots, we recorded abundances as high as 867 (Atlantic bluefin) or 872 (bullet tuna) larvae 10 m -2. These results allowed us to relate larval distribution to mesoscale hydrographic features and to characterize the spawning habitat of these species. Single Quotient Parameter analyses were applied to spatial (depth), physical (temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen and geostrophic current velocities) and biological (mesozooplankton biomass) variables to determine the environmental preferences of each species for spawning. Results showed that the complex hydrodynamic scenarios around the Balearic Islands, due to the interaction between the inflowing surface Atlantic water masses (AW) and Mediterranean surface waters (MW), play a key role in determining the abundance and distribution of tuna larvae in this area, especially in the case of Atlantic bluefin tuna. Spawning of this species seems to take place mainly in offshore mixed waters, as

  5. Bluefin tuna fishing and ranching: a difficult management problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stefano, de V.; Heijden, van der P.G.M.

    2007-01-01

    The fish processing industry and consumers in Japan are willing to pay high (and sometimes outrageous) prices for fresh bluefin tuna with fat content and flesh colour just right to be served raw as sashimi or sushi. This willingness was and still is the economic incentive for a high fishing pressure

  6. Gulf of Mexico Ecological Forecasting - Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Population Assessment and Management using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laygo, K.; Jones, I.; Huerta, J.; Holt, B.

    2010-12-01

    Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus) is one of the largest vertebrates in the world and is in high demand in sushi markets. It is a highly political species and is managed internationally by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna. The Gulf of Mexico and the Mediterranean Sea are the only two known spawning sites in the world. However, there is a large variance in estimates of adult Atlantic Tuna spawning. This research focuses on extending Earth science research results to existing decision-making systems, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)for population assessment and management of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna. The research team is a multi-sector and multi-disciplinary team composed of government (NOAA_NMFS), academic (University of South Florida Institute for Marine Remote Sensing) and commercial (Roffer’s Ocean Fishing Forecasting Service, Inc.) institutions. Their goal is to reduce the variance in the estimates of adult Bluefin Tuna spawning stock abundance in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM). Therefore, this paper will be derived from the innovative use of several earth orbiting satellites focusing on the use of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data to identify Sargassum, which is a floating marine algae that may be relevant to the presence of Bluefin Tuna aggregations. The SAR imagery will be examined in combination with MODIS and MERIS Chlorophyll-a products to detect fine-scale surface current shear, eddy and frontal features, as well as biological slicks due to the presence of Sargassum. In addition, wind records from NOAA buoy data will be studied to analyze wind patterns in the Gulf of Mexico. The fine-resolution, all-weather capabilities of SAR provide a valuable complement to optical/IR sensors, which are often impacted by cloud cover. This study will provide an assessment of whether or not SAR can contribute to decision support efforts relevant to commercial fisheries

  7. Climate effects on historic bluefin tuna captures in the Gibraltar Strait and Western Mediterranean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganzedo, Unai; Polanco-Martínez, Josué M.; Caballero-Alfonso, Ángela M.; Faria, Sérgio H.; Li, Jianke; Castro-Hernández, José J.

    2016-06-01

    Historical capture records of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus; BFT hereafter) from the Gibraltar Strait and Western Mediterranean show pronounced short- and long-term fluctuations. Some of these fluctuations are believed to be associated with biological and ecological process, as well as distinct climate factors. For the period of study (1700-1936) of this work, we found a long-term increasing trend in the BFT captures and in the climate variables. After applying a statistical time series analysis of relevant climate variables and long-term tuna capture records, it is highlighted the role played by sea-surface temperature (SST) on bluefin population variations. The most relevant result of this study is the strong correlation found between the total solar irradiance (TSI) - an external component of the climate system - and bluefin captures. The solar irradiance could have affected storminess during the period under study, mainly during the time interval 1700-1810. We suggest physico-biological mechanisms that explain the BFT catch fluctuations in two consecutive time intervals. In the first period, from 1700 to 1810, this mechanism could be high storm and wind activity, which would have made the BFT fisheries activities more difficult by reducing their efficacy. In contrast, during the interval from 1810 to 1907, the effects of wind and storms could be on spawning behaviour and larval ecology, and hence on year class strength, rather than on fish or fisherman's behaviour. These findings open up a range of new lines of enquiry that are relevant for both, fisheries and climate change research.

  8. Atlantic bluefin tuna: a novel multistock spatial model for assessing population biomass.

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    Nathan G Taylor

    Full Text Available Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus is considered to be overfished, but the status of its populations has been debated, partly because of uncertainties regarding the effects of mixing on fishing grounds. A better understanding of spatial structure and mixing may help fisheries managers to successfully rebuild populations to sustainable levels while maximizing catches. We formulate a new seasonally and spatially explicit fisheries model that is fitted to conventional and electronic tag data, historic catch-at-age reconstructions, and otolith microchemistry stock-composition data to improve the capacity to assess past, current, and future population sizes of Atlantic bluefin tuna. We apply the model to estimate spatial and temporal mixing of the eastern (Mediterranean and western (Gulf of Mexico populations, and to reconstruct abundances from 1950 to 2008. We show that western and eastern populations have been reduced to 17% and 33%, respectively, of 1950 spawning stock biomass levels. Overfishing to below the biomass that produces maximum sustainable yield occurred in the 1960s and the late 1990s for western and eastern populations, respectively. The model predicts that mixing depends on season, ontogeny, and location, and is highest in the western Atlantic. Assuming that future catches are zero, western and eastern populations are predicted to recover to levels at maximum sustainable yield by 2025 and 2015, respectively. However, the western population will not recover with catches of 1750 and 12,900 tonnes (the "rebuilding quotas" in the western and eastern Atlantic, respectively, with or without closures in the Gulf of Mexico. If future catches are double the rebuilding quotas, then rebuilding of both populations will be compromised. If fishing were to continue in the eastern Atlantic at the unregulated levels of 2007, both stocks would continue to decline. Since populations mix on North Atlantic foraging grounds, successful rebuilding

  9. Global Sushi: The Political Economy of the Mediterranian Bluefin Tuna Fishery in the Modern Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano B. Longo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The bluefin tuna fishery in the Mediterranean has a long history of human interaction. In recent times, this fishery has become the central source of bluefin tuna for core nations, particularly Japan. This process was set off in large part by the growth of global fish markets, driven by the valuable sushi and sashimi market, and overfishing of other bluefin stocks in other parts of the world. The transformation of this fishery from an artisanal trap fishery to a globalized industrial fishery has had a number of social and environmental consequences. Based on in-depth fieldwork and historical research, this paper examines the political economy of the bluefin tuna fishery in the Mediterranean, with a focus on Sicily. It provides a descriptive history of the changing conditions in this fishery, paying special attention to the modern fishery. This research contributes to the discussions regarding the globalization and industrialization of agri-foodsystems and environmental degradation.

  10. Habitat suitability of the Atlantic bluefin tuna by size class: An ecological niche approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Druon, Jean-Noël; Fromentin, Jean-Marc; Hanke, Alex R.; Arrizabalaga, Haritz; Damalas, Dimitrios; Tičina, Vjekoslav; Quílez-Badia, Gemma; Ramirez, Karina; Arregui, Igor; Tserpes, George; Reglero, Patricia; Deflorio, Michele; Oray, Isik; Saadet Karakulak, F.; Megalofonou, Persefoni; Ceyhan, Tevfik; Grubišić, Leon; MacKenzie, Brian R.; Lamkin, John; Afonso, Pedro; Addis, Piero

    2016-03-01

    An ecological niche modelling (ENM) approach was used to predict the potential feeding and spawning habitats of small (5-25 kg, only feeding) and large (>25 kg) Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT), Thunnus thynnus, in the Mediterranean Sea, the North Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. The ENM was built bridging knowledge on ecological traits of ABFT (e.g. temperature tolerance, mobility, feeding and spawning strategy) with patterns of selected environmental variables (chlorophyll-a fronts and concentration, sea surface current and temperature, sea surface height anomaly) that were identified using an extensive set of precisely geo-located presence data. The results highlight a wider temperature tolerance for larger fish allowing them to feed in the northern - high chlorophyll levels - latitudes up to the Norwegian Sea in the eastern Atlantic and to the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in the western basin. Permanent suitable feeding habitat for small ABFT was predicted to be mostly located in temperate latitudes in the North Atlantic and in the Mediterranean Sea, as well as in subtropical waters off north-west Africa, while summer potential habitat in the Gulf of Mexico was found to be unsuitable for both small and large ABFTs. Potential spawning grounds were found to occur in the Gulf of Mexico from March-April in the south-east to April-May in the north, while favourable conditions evolve in the Mediterranean Sea from mid-May in the eastern to mid-July in the western basin. Other secondary potential spawning grounds not supported by observations were predicted in the Azores area and off Morocco to Senegal during July and August when extrapolating the model settings from the Gulf of Mexico into the North Atlantic. The presence of large ABFT off Florida and the Bahamas in spring was not explained by the model as is, however the environmental variables other than the sea surface height anomaly appeared to be favourable for spawning in part of this area. Defining key spatial and

  11. Reproductive potential of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the western Indian Ocean

    OpenAIRE

    Zudaire, Iker; Murua, Hilario; Grande, Maitane; Bodin, Nathalie

    2013-01-01

    The reproductive biology of Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the western Indian Ocean was investigated from samples collected in 2009 and 2010. In our study, 1012 female Yellowfin Tuna were sampled: 320 fish on board a purse seiner and 692 fish at a Seychelles cannery. We assessed the main biological parameters that describe reproductive potential: maturity, spawning seasonality, fish condition, and fecundity. The length at which 50% of the female Yellowfin Tuna population matures (L50) ...

  12. A cascade of warming impacts brings bluefin tuna to Greenland waters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    MacKenzie, Brian R.; Payne, Mark R.; Boje, Jesper;

    2014-01-01

    to a warming trend since 1985, when temperatures began to rise. The presence of bluefin tuna in this region is likely due to a combination of warm temperatures that are physiologically more tolerable and immigration of an important prey species to the region. We conclude that a cascade of climate change...

  13. Comparative influence of ocean conditions on yellowfin and Atlantic bluefin tuna catch from longlines in the Gulf of Mexico.

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    Steven L H Teo

    Full Text Available Directed fishing effort for Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM, their primary spawning grounds in the western Atlantic, has been prohibited since the 1980s due to a precipitous decline of the spawning stock biomass. However, pelagic longlines targeted at other species, primarily yellowfin tuna and swordfish, continue to catch Atlantic bluefin tuna in the GOM as bycatch. Spatial and temporal management measures minimizing bluefin tuna bycatch in the GOM will likely become important in rebuilding the western Atlantic bluefin stock. In order to help inform management policy and understand the relative distribution of target and bycatch species in the GOM, we compared the spatiotemporal variability and environmental influences on the catch per unit effort (CPUE of yellowfin (target and bluefin tuna (bycatch. Catch and effort data from pelagic longline fisheries observers (1993-2005 and scientific tagging cruises (1998-2002 were coupled with environmental and biological data. Negative binomial models were used to fit the data for both species and Akaike's Information Criterion (corrected for small sample size was used to determine the best model. Our results indicate that bluefin CPUE had higher spatiotemporal variability as compared to yellowfin CPUE. Bluefin CPUE increased substantially during the breeding months (March-June and peaked in April and May, while yellowfin CPUE remained relatively high throughout the year. In addition, bluefin CPUE was significantly higher in areas with negative sea surface height anomalies and cooler sea surface temperatures, which are characteristic of mesoscale cyclonic eddies. In contrast, yellowfin CPUE was less sensitive to environmental variability. These differences in seasonal variability and sensitivity to environmental influences suggest that bluefin tuna bycatch in the GOM can be reduced substantially by managing the spatial and temporal distribution of the pelagic longline effort without

  14. The spectre of uncertainty in management of exploited fish stocks: The illustrative case of Atlantic bluefin tuna

    OpenAIRE

    Fromentin, Jean-Marc; Bonhommeau, Sylvain; Arrizabalaga, Haritz; Kell, Laurence T.

    2014-01-01

    The recent overexploitation of East Atlantic and Mediterranean bluefin tuna stock has been well documented in the media where it has become the archetype of overfishing and general mis-management. Beyond the public debate, the crisis also highlighted how the interactions between science and management can change through time according to the awareness of the public opinion. To reflect these issues, the history of Atlantic bluefin tuna overfishing is first described. Then, the major uncertaint...

  15. Co-Occurrence and Habitat Use of Fin Whales, Striped Dolphins and Atlantic Bluefin Tuna in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea.

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    Robert Klaus Bauer

    Full Text Available Different dolphin and tuna species have frequently been reported to aggregate in areas of high frontal activity, sometimes developing close multi-species associations to increase feeding success. Aerial surveys are a common tool to monitor the density and abundance of marine mammals, and have recently become a focus in the search for methods to provide fisheries-independent abundance indicators for tuna stock assessment. In this study, we present first density estimates corrected for availability bias of fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus and striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba from the Golf of Lions (GoL, compared with uncorrected estimates of Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT; Thunnus thynnus densities from 8 years of line transect aerial surveys. The raw sighting data were further used to analyze patterns of spatial co-occurrence and density of these three top marine predators in this important feeding ground in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea. These patterns were investigated regarding known species-specific feeding preferences and environmental characteristics (i. e. mesoscale activity of the survey zone. ABFT was by far the most abundant species during the surveys in terms of schools and individuals, followed by striped dolphins and fin whales. However, when accounted for availability bias, schools of dolphins and fin whales were of equal density. Direct interactions of the species appeared to be the exception, but results indicate that densities, presence and core sighting locations of striped dolphins and ABFT were correlated. Core sighting areas of these species were located close to an area of high mesoscale activity (oceanic fronts and eddies. Fin whales did not show such a correlation. The results further highlight the feasibility to coordinate research efforts to explore the behaviour and abundance of the investigated species, as demanded by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD.

  16. Co-Occurrence and Habitat Use of Fin Whales, Striped Dolphins and Atlantic Bluefin Tuna in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, Robert Klaus; Fromentin, Jean-Marc; Demarcq, Hervé; Brisset, Blandine; Bonhommeau, Sylvain

    2015-01-01

    Different dolphin and tuna species have frequently been reported to aggregate in areas of high frontal activity, sometimes developing close multi-species associations to increase feeding success. Aerial surveys are a common tool to monitor the density and abundance of marine mammals, and have recently become a focus in the search for methods to provide fisheries-independent abundance indicators for tuna stock assessment. In this study, we present first density estimates corrected for availability bias of fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) and striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) from the Golf of Lions (GoL), compared with uncorrected estimates of Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT; Thunnus thynnus) densities from 8 years of line transect aerial surveys. The raw sighting data were further used to analyze patterns of spatial co-occurrence and density of these three top marine predators in this important feeding ground in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea. These patterns were investigated regarding known species-specific feeding preferences and environmental characteristics (i. e. mesoscale activity) of the survey zone. ABFT was by far the most abundant species during the surveys in terms of schools and individuals, followed by striped dolphins and fin whales. However, when accounted for availability bias, schools of dolphins and fin whales were of equal density. Direct interactions of the species appeared to be the exception, but results indicate that densities, presence and core sighting locations of striped dolphins and ABFT were correlated. Core sighting areas of these species were located close to an area of high mesoscale activity (oceanic fronts and eddies). Fin whales did not show such a correlation. The results further highlight the feasibility to coordinate research efforts to explore the behaviour and abundance of the investigated species, as demanded by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). PMID:26458254

  17. Spatio-temporal population structuring and genetic diversity retention in depleted Atlantic Bluefin tuna of the Mediterranean Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riccioni, Giulia; Landi, Monica; Ferrara, Giorgia; Milano, Ilaria; Cariani, Alessia; Zane, Lorenzo; Sella, Massimo; Barbujani, Guido; Tinti, Fausto

    2010-01-01

    Fishery genetics have greatly changed our understanding of population dynamics and structuring in marine fish. In this study, we show that the Atlantic Bluefin tuna (ABFT, Thunnus thynnus), an oceanic predatory species exhibiting highly migratory behavior, large population size, and high potential for dispersal during early life stages, displays significant genetic differences over space and time, both at the fine and large scales of variation. We compared microsatellite variation of contemporary (n = 256) and historical (n = 99) biological samples of ABFTs of the central-western Mediterranean Sea, the latter dating back to the early 20th century. Measures of genetic differentiation and a general heterozygote deficit suggest that differences exist among population samples, both now and 96–80 years ago. Thus, ABFTs do not represent a single panmictic population in the Mediterranean Sea. Statistics designed to infer changes in population size, both from current and past genetic variation, suggest that some Mediterranean ABFT populations, although still not severely reduced in their genetic potential, might have suffered from demographic declines. The short-term estimates of effective population size are straddled on the minimum threshold (effective population size = 500) indicated to maintain genetic diversity and evolutionary potential across several generations in natural populations. PMID:20080643

  18. Migration, residency, and homing of bluefin tuna in the western Mediterranean Sea

    OpenAIRE

    Fromentin, Jean-Marc; Lopuszanski, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    This study presents the results of an electronic tagging programme on mature Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT) that has been conducted since 2007 offshore of the French Mediterranean Coast. The spatial distributions of ABFT showed little year-to-year variation and the fish concentrated in a small area of the central northwestern Mediterranean, where they may stay for several months. The individual tracks display sinuous trajectories in this area, indicating the possibility of feeding behaviour. No...

  19. Morphometric analysis of yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, from the Eastern Pacific Ocean

    OpenAIRE

    Schaefer, Kurt M.

    1989-01-01

    ENGLISH: Morphometric data from yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, were collected from various locations in the eastern Pacific Ocean during 1974 to 1976, to assess geographic and temporal variation of morphometric characters. The data were statistically adjusted, using allometric formulae to partition size. Discriminant analyses were applied to the adjusted morphometric characters. Yellowfin sampled from north of 15°N-20oN were different from those sampled from south of 15°N-20oN. The absenc...

  20. Polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides as intrinsic tracer tags of foraging grounds of bluefin tuna in the northwest Atlantic Ocean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deshpande, Ashok D; Dickhut, Rebecca M; Dockum, Bruce W; Brill, Richard W; Farrington, Cameron

    2016-04-15

    Researchers have utilized chemical fingerprints in the determination of habitat utilization and movements of the aquatic animals. In the present effort, we analyzed polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners and organochlorine pesticides in the samples of juvenile bluefin tuna caught offshore of Virginia, and in larger bluefin tuna from the Gulf of Maine and near Nova Scotia. For a given specimen, or a given location, PCB concentrations were highest, followed by DDTs, and chlordanes. Average contaminant concentrations from fish captured from the three locations were not significantly different; and PCBs, DDTs, and chlordanes correlated well with each other. Trans-nonachlor/PCB 153 ratios in bluefin tuna of eastern Atlantic (i.e., Mediterranean) origin are low compared to the corresponding ratios in fish in the western Atlantic. As the former migrate to the western Atlantic, these ratios gradually turnover due to the accumulation of biomass from forage contaminated with higher trans-nonachlor/PCB 153 ratio reflecting dissimilar use of chlordane pesticides on two sides of the Atlantic Ocean. The trans-nonachlor/PCB 153 ratio indicated that one juvenile bluefin tuna from offshore of Virginia and one large bluefin tuna from Gulf of Maine in the present study originated from foraging grounds in the Mediterranean Sea, and that they have made the trans-Atlantic migrations. The remaining individuals were determined to be either spawned in the Gulf of Mexico or the trans-nonachlor/PCB 153 ratio for the putative Mediterranean bluefin tuna was completely turned over to resemble the ratio characteristic to the western Atlantic. Based on the turnover time for trans-nonachlor/PCB 153 ratio previously determined, the residence time of juvenile bluefin tuna offshore Virginia was estimated to be at least 0.8 to 1.6years. A discriminant function analysis (DFA) plot of total PCB normalized signatures of PCB congeners showed three separate clusters, which suggested that bluefin tuna

  1. Acanthocephalan (Echinorhynchus sp. infection of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares from Nagapattinam, south east coast of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alagarsamy Sakthive

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To recored the infection of Acanthocephalan parasite, (Echinorhynchus sp. in adult yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares. This is the first report of acanthocephalan Echinirhynchus sp attached to yellowfin tuna and moreover prevalence, mean intensity and mean abundance was observed. Methods: Totally 1 001 yellowfin tuna fishes were collected throughout the year of 2012 from the coast of Nagapattinam (10°45' 36.25" N and 79°50' 59.54" E, Tamil Nadu, India. The collected fishes were washed with fresh water to remove debris and immediately stored in ice, and brought to the laboratory. Intestines were placed in normal saline (0.85% NaCl. The worms were fixed in alcohol/ formalin /(AFA fixative and in 70% ethanol until processed for identification. Results: Totally 1 001 yellowfin tuna was examined out of 387 (52.67% hosts were infected with acanthocephalan (Echinorhynchus sp.. The proboscis Echinorhynchus sp. was long, cylindrical with cylindrical with a uniform width measured (0.41±0.02 mm in length and (0.12±0.03 mm in width. The endo parasite prevalence, intensity and abundance was recorded as 52.67%, 12.46%, and 5.43% respectively. Conclusions: This current phenomena was carried out to report of acanthocephalan Echinorhynchus sp. attached the new host of yellowfin tuna from Nagapattinam coast. Moreover, parasitological investigations are required to determine endo parasites of host due to its importance and numerous occurring among most important marine food fishes in world wild.

  2. Spatially explicit estimates of stock sizes, structure and biomass of herring and blue whiting, and catch data of bluefin tuna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huse, G.; MacKenzie, B. R.; Trenkel, V.;

    2015-01-01

    The North Atlantic is a productive marine region which has supported important commercial fisheries for centuries. Many of these fisheries have exploited the pelagic species, including herring, blue whiting and tuna. Here we present data on the distribution of herring and blue whiting based...... on the international ecosystem survey in the Nordic Seas (IESNS), the bottom trawl survey in the Bay of Biscay and Celtic Sea (EVHOE) and the pelagic survey in the Bay of Biscay (PELGAS). We also present catch data on bluefin tuna, which has been depleted for decades but historically used to be a key predator...... on the other pelagic stocks during summer. The results show that there were substantial changes in the herring and blue whiting distribution during the 1990s and early 2000s. The earliest bluefin tuna catches noted were in 1907. The catches in the Norwegian Sea area peaked in the 1950s and there have been very...

  3. ESTIMATION OF PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY FOR TUNA IN INDIAN OCEAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ende Kasma

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia has abundant fisheries potency, one of fisheries potency in Indian Ocean is tuna fish. Primary productivity data used as indicator of tuna fisheries potency in Idian Ocean.Research location is in Indian Ocean 070 - 210 S and 1070 - 1210 E. Weekly satellite data in 2007 used are chlorophyl, sea surface temperature, Photosynthetic Available Radiation (PAR and euphotic zone (Zeu data. Daily fisheries data is from tuna fish catching data 2007 in PT. Perikanan Samudera Besar (PT. PSB. Satellite data is processed by Vertically Generalized Production Model (VGPM formula to obtained primary productivity. Tuna fish catching data correlated to satellite data to know correlation of primary productivity value to fish catching data.Result of this research is there four species of tuna fish catch in Indian Ocean, that are Madidihang or Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores, Bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus, Southtern Bluefin tuna (Thunnus macoyii, and Albacore (Thunnus alalunga. Where 73% tuna fish is Bigeye tuna. Bigeye, Albacore and Yellowfin tuna are produced annually, while Southern Bluefin tuna in northwest monsoon is no fish production. Chlorophyll-a, sea surface temperature and primary productivity value in research location are from 0,06 mg/m3 to 0,38 mg/m3, from 24,640C to 31,820C, and from 73,22mgC/m2 to 658,57 mgC/m2 respectively. Coefficient correlation in primary productivity and fish catching in fishing ground area is small (r = 0.008, its explained that, fish catching number is not influenced by primary productivity. In high or low primary productivity condition tuna fish catched in Indian Ocean area. Potential fishing ground area of Bigeye tuna, Albacore, Yellowfin and Southern Bluefin tuna in Indian Ocean are in 110 – 160 S and 1060 – 1210 E, the primary productivity value is from 73 mgC/m2day to 732 mgC/m2day and differences of sea surface temperature value of tuna fish are from 240 C to 310 C, 240 C to 300 C, and 250 C to 310 C for

  4. Vertical Movements, Behavior and Habitat Utilization of Adult Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares) Tagged in West Philippine Sea, Mindoro Island, Philippines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Macusi, Edison; Babaran, R.P.; Ingles, J.T.

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the vertical movements, behavior and habitat utilization of an electronically tagged adult yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) after 17 days of liberty in the Philippines based on analyses of 23,845 datapoints recorded from a recovered electronic popup tag. The exhaustive set pro

  5. Acanthocephalan (Echinorhynchus sp.) infection of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) from Nagapattinam, south east coast of India

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Alagarsamy Sakthivel; Periyasamy Selvakumar; Ayyaru Gopalakrishnan

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To recored the infection of Acanthocephalan parasite, (Echinorhynchus sp.) in adult yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). This is the first report of acanthocephalan Echinirhynchus sp attached to yellowfin tuna and moreover prevalence, mean intensity and mean abundance was observed. Methods:Totally 1 001 yellowfin tuna fishes were collected throughout the year of 2012 from the coast of Nagapattinam (10°45' 36.25"N and 79°50' 59.54"E), Tamil Nadu, India. The collected fishes were washed with fresh water to remove debris and immediately stored in ice, and brought to the laboratory. Intestines were placed in normal saline (0.85%NaCl). The worms were fixed in alcohol/formalin/(AFA) fixative and in 70%ethanol until processed for identification. Results:Totally 1 001 yellowfin tuna was examined out of 387 (52.67%) hosts were infected with acanthocephalan (Echinorhynchus sp.). The proboscis Echinorhynchus sp. was long, cylindrical with cylindrical with a uniform width measured (0.41±0.02) mm in length and (0.12±0.03) mm in width. The endo parasite prevalence, intensity and abundance was recorded as 52.67%, 12.46%, and 5.43%respectively. Conclusions: This current phenomena was carried out to report of acanthocephalan Echinorhynchus sp. attached the new host of yellowfin tuna from Nagapattinam coast. Moreover, parasitological investigations are required to determine endo parasites of host due to its importance and numerous occurring among most important marine food fishes in world wild.

  6. Form and function of the bulbus arteriosus in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) and blue marlin (Makaira nigricans): static properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Marvin H; Brill, Richard W; Gosline, John M; Jones, David R

    2003-10-01

    The juxtaposition of heart and gills in teleost fish means that the Windkessel function characteristic of the whole mammalian arterial tree has to be subserved by the extremely short ventral aorta and bulbus arteriosus. Over the functional pressure range, arteries from blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) have J-shaped pressure-volume (P-V) loops, while bulbi from the same species have r-shaped P-V loops, with a steep initial rise followed by a compliant plateau phase. The steep initial rise in pressure is due to the geometry of the lumen. The interactions between radius, pressure and tension require a large initial pressure to open the bulbar lumen for flow. The plateau is due to the unique organization of the bulbar wall. The large elastin:collagen ratio, limited amount of collagen arranged circumferentially, lack of elastin lamellae and low hydrophobicity of the elastin itself all combine to lower stiffness, increase extensibility and allow efficient recoil. Even though the modulus of bulbus material is much lower than that of an artery, at large volumes the overall stiffness of the bulbus increases rapidly. The morphological features that give rise to the special inflation characteristics of the bulbus help to extend flow and maintain pressure during diastole. PMID:12939364

  7. The sequence and organization of complete mitochondrial genome of the yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Jiaohui; Cheng, Qiqun; Sun, Dandan; Zhang, Heng; Jin, Shaofei

    2016-09-01

    Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) is one of the most important economic fishes around the world. In the present study, we determined the complete mitochondrial DNA sequence and organization of T. albacares. The entire mitochondrial genome is a circular-molecule of 16,528 bp in length, which encodes 37 genes in all. These genes comprise 13 protein-coding genes (ATP6 and 8, COI-III, Cytb, ND1-6 and 4 L), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), and 2 ribosomal RNA genes (12S and 16S rRNAs). The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of T. albacares can provide basic information for the studies on molecular taxonomy and conservation genetics of teleost fishes. PMID:25707413

  8. New Record of Pseudocycnus appendiculatus Heller, 1868 Parasites of Yellowfin Tuna Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788 in the Andaman Sea, Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Watchariya PURIVIROJKUL

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Four samples of yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788, were collected from the Andaman Sea in the Exclusive Economic Zone, Thailand in May 2010. All samples were infested by the parasitic copepod Pseudocycnus appendiculatus at their gill filaments. This report documents a new record of the Andaman Sea, Thailand for P. appendiculatus and also a new host, T. albacares, for this apparent parasite in Thailand is recorded.

  9. Into the deep blue sea: Commons theory and international governance of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham Epstein

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The need to understand how to sustainably govern oceanic fisheries has become increasingly urgent as their contribution to global food security and livelihoods are threatened by declining stocks. Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (ABFT is a prominent example of the complexities associated with widely distributed oceanic resources, extending in this case to include much of the North-Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. This distribution has led to limited attention from commons theorists that tend to focus on small-scale social ecological systems. Therefore in order to explore the fit between theories of the commons developed in small-scale systems, we apply the Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database (SESMAD to systematically analyze ABFT governance over a 22 year period. The results, which focus on the effects of resource characteristics, broadly correspond to the expectations of commons theory. Interestingly, however, the addition of resource storage in the form of ABFT ranches appears to be contributing to unsustainable harvests. This stands in contrast to previous findings in the commons literature that storage tends to enhance prospects for sustainable governance. Therefore several alternative hypotheses are developed by comparing and contrasting attributes of ABFT and canal irrigation storage. These hypotheses may be used in future research to evaluate the conditions in which storage enhances prospects for sustainable governance.

  10. Genetic Structure of Bluefin Tuna in the Mediterranean Sea Correlates with Environmental Variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riccioni, Giulia; Stagioni, Marco; Landi, Monica; Ferrara, Giorgia; Barbujani, Guido; Tinti, Fausto

    2013-01-01

    Background Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (ABFT) shows complex demography and ecological variation in the Mediterranean Sea. Genetic surveys have detected significant, although weak, signals of population structuring; catch series analyses and tagging programs identified complex ABFT spatial dynamics and migration patterns. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the genetic structure of the ABFT in the Mediterranean is correlated with mean surface temperature and salinity. Methodology We used six samples collected from Western and Central Mediterranean integrated with a new sample collected from the recently identified easternmost reproductive area of Levantine Sea. To assess population structure in the Mediterranean we used a multidisciplinary framework combining classical population genetics, spatial and Bayesian clustering methods and a multivariate approach based on factor analysis. Conclusions FST analysis and Bayesian clustering methods detected several subpopulations in the Mediterranean, a result also supported by multivariate analyses. In addition, we identified significant correlations of genetic diversity with mean salinity and surface temperature values revealing that ABFT is genetically structured along two environmental gradients. These results suggest that a preference for some spawning habitat conditions could contribute to shape ABFT genetic structuring in the Mediterranean. However, further studies should be performed to assess to what extent ABFT spawning behaviour in the Mediterranean Sea can be affected by environmental variation. PMID:24260341

  11. Genetic structure of bluefin tuna in the mediterranean sea correlates with environmental variables.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Riccioni

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (ABFT shows complex demography and ecological variation in the Mediterranean Sea. Genetic surveys have detected significant, although weak, signals of population structuring; catch series analyses and tagging programs identified complex ABFT spatial dynamics and migration patterns. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the genetic structure of the ABFT in the Mediterranean is correlated with mean surface temperature and salinity. METHODOLOGY: We used six samples collected from Western and Central Mediterranean integrated with a new sample collected from the recently identified easternmost reproductive area of Levantine Sea. To assess population structure in the Mediterranean we used a multidisciplinary framework combining classical population genetics, spatial and Bayesian clustering methods and a multivariate approach based on factor analysis. CONCLUSIONS: FST analysis and Bayesian clustering methods detected several subpopulations in the Mediterranean, a result also supported by multivariate analyses. In addition, we identified significant correlations of genetic diversity with mean salinity and surface temperature values revealing that ABFT is genetically structured along two environmental gradients. These results suggest that a preference for some spawning habitat conditions could contribute to shape ABFT genetic structuring in the Mediterranean. However, further studies should be performed to assess to what extent ABFT spawning behaviour in the Mediterranean Sea can be affected by environmental variation.

  12. Evaluation of three harvest control rules for Bigeye Tuna ( Thunnus obesus) fisheries in the Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Yuhe; Chen, Xinjun; Kolody, Dale

    2014-10-01

    The stock of Bigeye tuna ( Thunnus obesus) in the Indian Ocean supports an important international fishery and is considered to be fully exploited. The responsible management agency, the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC), does not have an explicit management decision-making framework in place to prevent over-fishing. In this study, we evaluated three harvest control rules, i) constant fishing mortality (CF), from 0.2 to 0.6, ii) constant catch (CC), from 60000 to 140000 t, and iii) constant escapement (CE), from 0.3 to 0.7. The population dynamics simulated by the operating model was based on the most recent stock assessment using Stock Synthesis version III (SS3). Three simulation scenarios (low, medium and high productivity) were designed to cover possible uncertainty in the stock assessment and biological parameters. Performances of three harvest control rules were compared on the basis of three management objectives (over 3, 10 and 25 years): i) the probability of maintaining spawning stock biomass above a level that can sustain maximum sustainable yield (MSY) on average, ii) the probability of achieving average catches between 0.8 MSY and 1.0 MSY, and iii) inter-annual variability in catches. The constant escapement strategy ( CE=0.5), constant fishing mortality strategy ( F=0.4) and constant catch ( CC=80000) were the most rational among the respective management scenarios. It is concluded that the short-term annual catch is suggested at 80000 t, and the potential total allowable catch for a stable yield could be set at 120000 t once the stock had recovered successfully. All the strategies considered in this study to achieve a `tolerable' balance between resource conservation and utilization have been based around the management objectives of the IOTC.

  13. CHARACTERISTICS OF GELATIN FROM SWIM BLADDER OF YELLOWFIN TUNA (THUNNUS ALBACORES AS INFLUENCED BY EXTRACTING TEMPERATURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Kaewdang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Gelatin was extracted from the swim bladder of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores at different temperatures (60, 70 and 80°C with the extraction yields of 35.6%, 41.1% and 47.3% (dryweight basis, respectively. The α-chains of gelatin decreased with increasing extraction temperatures.Similar amino acid compositions were noticeable among all gelatins, in which glycine constituted the major amino acid. Imino acids ranged from 169 to 172 residues/1,000 residues. Thegel strength of gelatin extracted at lower temperature was higher than that of gelatins extracted at higher temperatures. Gelling and melting temperatures for swim bladder gelatin were 11.07-15.24 and 20.36-22.33°C, respectively. Higher gelling and melting points were observed for gelatin extracted at lower temperatures. Microstructure of gel of gelatin extracted at 60°C was finerwith smaller voids, compared with others. FTIR spectra of obtained gelatins revealed the significant loss of molecular order of the triple-helix. Thus, extraction temperatures showed the directimpact on characteristics of gelatin from swim bladder.

  14. Age and growth estimation of bigeye tuna, Thunnus obesus (Teleostei: Scombridae in the southwestern Atlantic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Duarte-Neto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the current study was to supply the first information on age and growth for Thunnus obesus caught in the equatorial south-western Atlantic using dorsal spines, an approach that has been successfully employed for ageing tuna species. The study was conducted using a multi-model inference based on information theory for back-calculated and observed length-at-age data. Uncertainty associated with the parameter estimation was verified and results were compared to other accounts on the species, considering both the statistical and methodological contexts. Samples were collected in Natal city (Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil from February 1999 to January 2000, of tuna vessels and from surveys, aimed at providing information on the Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ in the area around São Pedro and São Paulo Archipelago. Validation using marginal increment indicated that one ring is deposited per year. Mean length-at-age ranged of 54.3 to 177.5 cm (fork length for ages 1 to 9 years. Von Bertalanffy, Richards, and Gompertz models were considered suitable for the bigeye tuna. Hence, the model-averaged asymptotic length ¯L∞ was estimated. The averaged model generated in the present study by back-calculation was considered appropriate for describing the growth of T. obesus.A proposta do presente estudo foi fornecer a primeira informação sobre idade e crescimento de Thunnus obesus, capturado no Atlântico sudoeste equatorial usando espinhos dorsais, uma abordagem que tem sido utilizada com sucesso na determinação de idade de espécies de atuns. O estudo foi conduzido usando uma inferência de multi-modelos baseada na teoria de informação avaliada para dados de comprimento por idade retrocalculados e observados. Incertezas associadas aos parâmetros foram verificadas e os resultados foram comparados aos de outros estudos realizados para esta espécie, considerando os contextos estatísticos e metodológicos. As amostras foram

  15. Reproductive dynamics and potential annual fecundity of South Pacific albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica H Farley

    Full Text Available The reproductive biology of albacore tuna, Thunnus alalunga, in the South Pacific Ocean was investigated with samples collected during broad-scale sampling between 2006 and 2011. Histology was done in a single laboratory according to standard protocols and the data analysed using generalized linear mixed-effects models. The sex ratio of albacore was female biased for fish smaller than approximately 60 cm FL and between 85 and 95 cm, and progressively more male biased above 95 cm FL. Spawning activity was synchronised across the region between 10°S and 25°S during the austral spring and summer where sea surface temperatures were ≥24 °C. The average gonad index varied among regions, with fish in easterly longitudes having heavier gonads for their size than fish in westerly longitudes. Albacore, while capable of spawning daily, on average spawn every 1.3 days during the peak spawning months of October to December. Spawning occurs around midnight and the early hours of the morning. Regional variation in spawning frequency and batch fecundity were not significant. The proportion of active females and the spawning fraction increased with length and age, and mature small and young fish were less active at either end of the spawning season than larger, older fish. Batch fecundity estimates ranged from 0.26 to 2.83 million oocytes with a mean relative batch fecundity of 64.4 oocytes per gram of body weight. Predicted batch fecundity and potential annual fecundity increased with both length and age. This extensive set of reproductive parameter estimates provides many of the first quantitative estimates for this population and will substantially improve the quality of biological inputs to the stock assessment for South Pacific albacore.

  16. Blood Volume, Plasma Volume and Circulation Time in a High-Energy-Demand Teleost, the Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus Albacares)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brill, R.W.; Cousins, K.L.; Jones, D.R.;

    1998-01-01

    We measured red cell space with 51Cr-labeled red blood cells, and dextran space with 500 kDa fluorescein-isothiocyanate-labeled dextran (FITC-dextran), in two groups of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). Red cell space was 13.8+/-0.7 ml kg-1 (mean +/- s.e.m.) Assuming a whole- body hematocrit...... that the volume of the secondary circulatory system of yellowfin tuna is small, and its exact volume is not measurable by our methods. Although blood volume is not exceptional, circulation time (blood volume/cardiac output) is clearly shorter in yellowfin tuna than in other active teleosts. In a 1 kg yellowfin...... tuna, circulation time is approximately 0.4 min (47 ml kg-1/115 ml min-1 kg- 1) compared with 1.3 min (46 ml kg-1/35 ml min-1 kg-1) in yellowtail (Seriola quinqueradiata) and 1.9 min (35 ml kg-1/18 ml min-1 kg-1) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). In air-breathing vertebrates, high metabolic rates...

  17. Tracking multiple pathways of waste from a northern bluefin tuna farm in a marine-coastal area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vizzini, Salvatrice; Mazzola, Antonio

    2012-06-01

    Aquaculture of bluefin tuna in Mediterranean coastal waters has generated growing concern about the negative environmental effects. In the present isotopic study we examined the dispersal and fate of organic matter derived from a Mediterranean tuna farm in the surrounding environment. An overall enrichment in the heavy nitrogen isotope was found in the feed and in farmed tunas, indicating the input of isotopically traceable organic matter in the system. Waste was clearly traceable in the water column up to 1000 m from the cages, while only slight accumulation occurred in the sediment just below the cages. Waste was isotopically shown also to contribute to the diet of demersal and benthopelagic wild fish collected around the cages. As a result, waste undertook multiple pathways. In the water column its was diluted and dispersed due to hydrodynamism, which prevented great accumulation of aquaculture-derived organic matter in sediments. In addition, biological constraints such as benthopelagic and demersal fish further prevented organic matter accumulation through the benthic trophic route. PMID:22464398

  18. Persistent Organic Pollutants in albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) from Reunion Island (Southwest Indian Ocean) and South Africa in relation to biological and trophic characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munschy, C; Bodin, N; Potier, M; Héas-Moisan, K; Pollono, C; Degroote, M; West, W; Hollanda, S J; Puech, A; Bourjea, J; Nikolic, N

    2016-07-01

    The contamination of albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) by Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), namely polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT), was investigated in individuals collected from Reunion Island (RI) and South Africa's (SA) southern coastlines in 2013, in relation to biological parameters and feeding ecology. The results showed lower PCB and DDT concentrations than those previously reported in various tuna species worldwide. A predominance of DDTs over PCBs was revealed, reflecting continuing inputs of DDT. Tuna collected from SA exhibited higher contamination levels than those from RI, related to higher dietary inputs and higher total lipid content. Greater variability in contamination levels and profiles was identified in tuna from RI, explained by a higher diversity of prey and more individualistic foraging behaviour. PCB and DDT contamination levels and profiles varied significantly in tuna from the two investigated areas, probably reflecting exposure to different sources of contamination. PMID:27084988

  19. Methodological assessment of 2b-RAD genotyping technique for population structure inferences in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecoraro, Carlo; Babbucci, Massimiliano; Villamor, Adriana; Franch, Rafaella; Papetti, Chiara; Leroy, Bruno; Ortega-Garcia, Sofia; Muir, Jeff; Rooker, Jay; Arocha, Freddy; Murua, Hilario; Zudaire, Iker; Chassot, Emmanuel; Bodin, Nathalie; Tinti, Fausto; Bargelloni, Luca; Cariani, Alessia

    2016-02-01

    Global population genetic structure of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) is still poorly understood despite its relevance for the tuna fishery industry. Low levels of genetic differentiation among oceans speak in favour of the existence of a single panmictic population worldwide of this highly migratory fish. However, recent studies indicated genetic structuring at a much smaller geographic scales than previously considered, pointing out that YFT population genetic structure has not been properly assessed so far. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time, the utility of 2b-RAD genotyping technique for investigating population genetic diversity and differentiation in high gene-flow species. Running de novo pipeline in Stacks, a total of 6772 high-quality genome-wide SNPs were identified across Atlantic, Indian and Pacific population samples representing all major distribution areas. Preliminary analyses showed shallow but significant population structure among oceans (FST=0.0273; P-value<0.01). Discriminant Analysis of Principal Components endorsed the presence of genetically discrete yellowfin tuna populations among three oceanic pools. Although such evidence needs to be corroborated by increasing sample size, these results showed the efficiency of this genotyping technique in assessing genetic divergence in a marine fish with high dispersal potential.

  20. Physicochemical evaluation of the effects of irradiation and evisceration on the conservation of refrigerated blackfin tuna (Thunnus atlanticus)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tuna is among the most traded fishes in Brazil, however efficiently delaying its fast deterioration is still a major practical challenge. Irradiation has been proposed as a safe and powerful alternative tool for conservation of seafood. This work investigated the effects of irradiation on the physicochemical quality of refrigerated blackfin tuna (Thunnus atlanticus). Analyses of pH, total volatile bases (TVB-N), ammonia and biogenic amines (histamine, cadaverine and putrescine) were performed in order to determine the degree of conservation. The samples were subjected to four different treatments aiming at evaluating the efficiency of irradiation, evisceration and both combined. The figures measured for those parameters, all of them related to the degree of conservation, were found to increase with time regardless of the treatment. In addition, data for irradiated samples remained consistently lower than for unirradiated ones, indicating a better level of preservation that led to an extended shelf life of 14 days. In contrast, excessive levels of those indicators of degradation were found in unirradiated samples after 7 to 10 days of storage. In addition, some evidence was found that evisceration slightly increased quality, consequently promoting a small extension in shelf life of unirradiated samples. Finally, it can be concluded with basis on the results of the physicochemical parameters studied that treatment of fresh refrigerated blackfin tuna by irradiation with 2.5 kGy efficiently preserved freshness and extended the shelf life of the product from 7 to 14 days. (author)

  1. Physicochemical evaluation of the effects of irradiation and evisceration on the conservation of refrigerated blackfin tuna (Thunnus atlanticus)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monteiro, Maria L.G.; Marsico, Eliane T. [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Veterinaria. Dept. de Tecnologia de Alimentos], e-mail: marialuciaguerra@yahoo.com.br, e-mail: elianee@vm.uff.br; Vital, Helio C. [Centro Tecnologico do Exercito (CTEx), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Secao de Defesa Nuclear], e-mail: vital@ctex.eb.br

    2009-07-01

    Tuna is among the most traded fishes in Brazil, however efficiently delaying its fast deterioration is still a major practical challenge. Irradiation has been proposed as a safe and powerful alternative tool for conservation of seafood. This work investigated the effects of irradiation on the physicochemical quality of refrigerated blackfin tuna (Thunnus atlanticus). Analyses of pH, total volatile bases (TVB-N), ammonia and biogenic amines (histamine, cadaverine and putrescine) were performed in order to determine the degree of conservation. The samples were subjected to four different treatments aiming at evaluating the efficiency of irradiation, evisceration and both combined. The figures measured for those parameters, all of them related to the degree of conservation, were found to increase with time regardless of the treatment. In addition, data for irradiated samples remained consistently lower than for unirradiated ones, indicating a better level of preservation that led to an extended shelf life of 14 days. In contrast, excessive levels of those indicators of degradation were found in unirradiated samples after 7 to 10 days of storage. In addition, some evidence was found that evisceration slightly increased quality, consequently promoting a small extension in shelf life of unirradiated samples. Finally, it can be concluded with basis on the results of the physicochemical parameters studied that treatment of fresh refrigerated blackfin tuna by irradiation with 2.5 kGy efficiently preserved freshness and extended the shelf life of the product from 7 to 14 days. (author)

  2. Trophic Ecology of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnusthynnus) Larvae from the Gulf of Mexico and NW Mediterranean Spawning Grounds: A Comparative Stable Isotope Study

    OpenAIRE

    Laiz-Carrión, Raúl; GERARD, Trika; Uriarte, Amaya; Malca, Estrella; Quintanilla, José María; Barbara A Muhling; ALEMANY Francisco; Privoznik, Sarah L.; Shiroza, Akihiro; John T Lamkin; García, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    The present study uses stable isotopes of nitrogen and carbon (δ15Nandδ13C) as trophic indicators for Atlantic bluefin tuna larvae (BFT) (6–10 mm standard length) in the highly contrasting environmental conditions of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) and the Balearic Sea (MED). These regions are differentiated by their temperature regime and relative productivity, with the GOM being significantly warmer and more productive. MED BFT larvae showed the highest δ15N signatures, implying an elevated trophi...

  3. Mercury accumulation in Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) with regards to muscle type, muscle position and fish size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosch, Adina C; O'Neill, Bernadette; Sigge, Gunnar O; Kerwath, Sven E; Hoffman, Louwrens C

    2016-01-01

    The concentrations and relationships between individual mercury species and total mercury were investigated in different muscle parts and sizes of Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). Fourteen Yellowfin tuna caught in the South Atlantic off the coast of South Africa had an average total Hg (tHg) concentration of 0.77 mg/kg wet weight. No differences were detected (p > 0.05) in tHg, MethylHg (MeHg) or inorganic Hg (iHg) accumulation among the four white muscle portions across the carcass, but both tHg and iHg were found in higher concentrations (p < 0.001) in dark muscle than white muscle. Positive linear correlations with fish weight were found for both tHg (r = 0.79, p < 0.001) and MeHg (r = 0.75, p < 0.001) concentrations. A prediction model was formulated to calculate toxic MeHg concentrations from measured tHg concentrations and fish weight (cMeHg = 0.073 + 1.365 · tHg-0.008 · w). As sampling sites and subsampling methods could affect toxicity measurements, we provide recommendations for sampling guidelines.

  4. Growth and mortality rates of yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares (Perciformes: Scombridae, in the eastern and central Pacific Ocean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guoping Zhu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Age and growth parameters were estimated for the yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788. Atotal of 443 individuals were sampled from China longline fisheries in the eastern and central Pacific Ocean from February to November 2006. The von Bertalanffy growth parameters were estimated at L∞ = 175.9 cm fork length, k = 0.52 year-1, and t0 = 0.19 year. The total mortality rate (Z was estimated to be from 1.19 to 1.93 year-1, the fishing mortality (F and the natural mortality (M were calculated to be 0.91 year-1 and 0.65 year-1, respectively. The rate of exploitation (U was estimated to be 0.46. This study provides estimates of growth and mortality rate for yellowfin tuna in the eastern and central Pacific Ocean, which may be used as biological input parameters in future stock assessments for the oceanic region. However, age analysis with other techniques, additional validation of the size composition and stock structure are also needed.

  5. Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals three stocks of yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788) in Indian waters

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kunal, S.P.; GirishKumar; Menezes, M.R.; Meena, R.M.

    .001). In addition, spatial analysis of molecular variance identified three genetically heterogeneous groups of yellowfin tuna in Indian waters. Results were further corroborated by significant value of nearest neighbour statistic (S sub(nn)=0.261, P less than...

  6. Quality assessment of ice-stored tropical yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and influence of vacuum and modified atmosphere packaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silbande, Adèle; Adenet, Sandra; Smith-Ravin, Juliette; Joffraud, Jean-Jacques; Rochefort, Katia; Leroi, Françoise

    2016-12-01

    Metagenomic, microbial, chemical and sensory analyses of Thunnus albacares from Martinique stored in ice (AIR - 0 °C), vacuum (VP - 4/8 °C) and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP - 4/8 °C) (70% CO2 - 30% O2) were carried out. The organoleptic rejection of AIR tuna was observed at day 13 when total bacterial counts equaled 10(6)-10(7) CFU g(-1). No extension of shelf-life was provided by VP and MAP. According to 16S rRNA gene sequence analyzed by Illumina MiSeq and PCR-TTGE, Rhodanobacter terrae was the main species of the freshly caught tuna. At the sensory rejection time, Brochothrix thermosphacta and Pseudomonas dominated the AIR products while B. thermosphacta alone or a mix of B. thermosphacta, Enterobacteriaceae and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) dominated the microbiota of MAP and VP products, respectively. The pH value remained stable in all trials, ranging from 5.77 to 5.97. Total volatile basic nitrogen (TVBN) and trimethylamine (TMA-N) concentrations were weak and not significantly different between batches. Lipid oxidation increased in the samples containing O2 (MAP > AIR). The initial concentration of histamine was high (75-78 mg kg(-1)) and stable up to 8 days but then significantly decreased in all trials to reach 25-30 mg kg(-1), probably due to the presence of histamine-decomposing bacteria. PMID:27554147

  7. Potential impacts of climate change on the distribution of longline catches of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the Tasman sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dell, James T.; Wilcox, Chris; Matear, Richard J.; Chamberlain, Matthew A.; Hobday, Alistair J.

    2015-03-01

    The spatial distribution of living marine resources in the Tasman Sea is expected to shift due to the impacts of global climate change. Understanding the most likely future locations of valuable pelagic species will inform the sustainable harvest and management of species such as yellowfin tuna (YFT; Thunnus albacares). We estimate future upper ocean structure in the Tasman Sea, using both historical data and dynamically downscaled ocean projections for the 2060s, and apply a catch distribution model to estimate possible changes to the YFT catch in the eastern Australia domestic longline fishery. Both approaches project that locations with concentrated YFT catch in the Tasman Sea will shift poleward in response to likely climate change. By the 2060s, the core fishing areas are projected to have shifted both poleward and offshore of existing high catch areas. Shifts in the distribution and hence availability of this species may require future domestic fishing vessels to modify their fishing behaviors, which in turn may require social and economic adjustments.

  8. The oxidative stability of chilled and frozen pilchards used as feed for captive southern bluefin tuna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fitz-Gerald, C.H.; Bremner, Allan

    1998-01-01

    and flavour of cooked samples and by the chemical measures of peroxide value and levels of free fatty acids. There was considerable variability in fat content between individual fish with average content over all samples analysed in the trial being about 4 to 5%. In chilled storage, the pilchards exhibited...... obvious deterioration within two days. Substantial peroxide values were found and oxidised odours and flavours were clearly evident after 4 days' chilled storage. In frozen storage, oxidation occurred after only one month at a temperature of -20°C. This could be delayed if the fish were glazed with water...... demonstrated that the oil in the pilchards is very readily oxidised and careful handling, chilling, freezing and storage procedures need to be adopted to provide a product which is a nutritionally sound feed material for captive tuna. The demerit point scoring system was found to be a rapid evaluative...

  9. Biomagnification of mercury and its antagonistic interaction with selenium in yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares in the trophic web of Baja California Sur, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordiano-Flores, Alfredo; Rosíles-Martínez, Rene; Galván-Magaña, Felipe

    2012-12-01

    Mercury and selenium concentrations were determined in muscle of 37 yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) captured aboard of Mexican purse-seiners boats off western coast of Baja California Sur, between Punta Eugenia and Cabo Falso, from October to December 2006. Also, its prey (mainly, jumbo squid Dosidicus gigas and pelagic red crab Pleuroncodes planipes) were analyzed from the stomach contents. All the mercury values obtained were lower that mercury content recommended by standard legal limits for seafood adopted by Mexican norms (typically 0.5-1.0μg g(-1)). Mercury concentrations vary between 0.06 and 0.51μg g(-1) in yellowfin tuna, and from 0.01 to 0.20μg g(-1) in its prey, suggesting that mercury can accumulate in prey tissues and that of their predator. Biomagnification factors (BMF) between predator-prey associations were calculated. The BMFs were >1, indicating that mercury biomagnifies along the food web of yellowfin tuna. In all species studied there was a molar excess of selenium over mercury. The rank order of mean selenium/mercury molar ratios was for pufferfish (42.62)> diamond squid (15.09)>yellowfin tuna (10.29)>pelagic red crab (10.05)>panama lightfish (9.54)> jumbo squid (8.91). The selenium health benefit value (Se-HBV) was calculated to have an improved understanding of the health benefits and risk of fish consumption. PMID:23059106

  10. Genetic structuring and migration patterns of Atlantic bigeye tuna, Thunnus obesus (Lowe, 1839

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beerli Peter

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Large pelagic fishes are generally thought to have little population genetic structuring based on their cosmopolitan distribution, large population sizes and high dispersal capacities. However, gene flow can be influenced by ecological (e.g. homing behaviour and physical (e.g. present-day ocean currents, past changes in sea temperature and levels factors. In this regard, Atlantic bigeye tuna shows an interesting genetic structuring pattern with two highly divergent mitochondrial clades (Clades I and II, which are assumed to have been originated during the last Pleistocene glacial maxima. We assess genetic structure patterns of Atlantic bigeye tuna at the nuclear level, and compare them with mitochondrial evidence. Results We examined allele size variation of nine microsatellite loci in 380 individuals from the Gulf of Guinea, Canary, Azores, Canada, Indian Ocean, and Pacific Ocean. To investigate temporal stability of genetic structure, three Atlantic Ocean sites were re-sampled a second year. Hierarchical AMOVA tests, RST pairwise comparisons, isolation by distance (Mantel tests, Bayesian clustering analyses, and coalescence-based migration rate inferences supported unrestricted gene flow within the Atlantic Ocean at the nuclear level, and therefore interbreeding between individuals belonging to both mitochondrial clades. Moreover, departures from HWE in several loci were inferred for the samples of Guinea, and attributed to a Wahlund effect supporting the role of this region as a spawning and nursery area. Our microsatellite data supported a single worldwide panmictic unit for bigeye tunas. Despite the strong Agulhas Current, immigration rates seem to be higher from the Atlantic Ocean into the Indo-Pacific Ocean, but the actual number of individuals moving per generation is relatively low compared to the large population sizes inhabiting each ocean basin. Conclusion Lack of congruence between mt and nuclear evidences, which

  11. Histamine formation and the freshness of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares stored at different temperatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.K.K.K. Jinadasa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to investigate the effect of storage temperatures on the shelf life of yellowfin tuna (YFT loins by studying of microbial, chemical and organoleptic changes. Shelf life of YFT was determined through changes in total aerobic bacterial plate counts (APC, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N trimethylamine (TMA, organoleptic properties and histamine development during storage at 0, 4 and 7°C. Based on TVB-N value indices, YFT maintained an acceptable shelf life for 21, 17 and 12 days at 0, 4 and 7°C, respectively. Nevertheless, YFT was rejected earlier by the sensory panellists than their TVB-N value indicated. Histamine development was found to be lower than the European Union safety level for 100 mg/kg fish during storage at 0 and 7°C for 21 and 17 days, respectively. Aerobic bacteria initially dominated the micro-flora on YFT; however, as storage time increased, aerobic bacteria became dominant at cold storage, but the numbers exceeded the International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods (ICMSF limit of 107 cfu/g in storage at 7°C after 17 days. Therefore, it can be concluded that the storage of fresh YFT in below 4°C has good enough to the shelf life of products (two weeks.

  12. DRY SALTED AND SMOKED TUNA PRODUCTS. CHEMICAL, RHEOLOGICAL AND NUTRITIONAL CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Mercogliano

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the presence of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus is limited to some fishing areas and the species undergoes a high fishing pressure the commercial answers to this situation might be the diversification of the commercial offer. The commercial value of this species, especially in oriental market, has prompted researches aiming at fully exploiting the potential of this species through the production of innovative tuna based products. Sliceable dry salted and smoked tuna products were manufactured using whole muscles from fresh and frozen subjects. The shelf life was long enough to justify the industrial production (up to 3 months or more. No significant correlations were observed between sensory characteristics and physico-chemical parameters.

  13. Co-Occurrence and Habitat Use of Fin Whales, Striped Dolphins and Atlantic Bluefin Tuna in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Klaus Bauer; Jean-Marc Fromentin; Hervé Demarcq; Blandine Brisset; Sylvain Bonhommeau

    2015-01-01

    Different dolphin and tuna species have frequently been reported to aggregate in areas of high frontal activity, sometimes developing close multi-species associations to increase feeding success. Aerial surveys are a common tool to monitor the density and abundance of marine mammals, and have recently become a focus in the search for methods to provide fisheries-independent abundance indicators for tuna stock assessment. In this study, we present first density estimates corrected for availabi...

  14. Trophic Ecology of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnusthynnus) Larvae from the Gulf of Mexico and NW Mediterranean Spawning Grounds: A Comparative Stable Isotope Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malca, Estrella; Quintanilla, José María; Muhling, Barbara A.; Alemany, Francisco; Privoznik, Sarah L.; Shiroza, Akihiro; Lamkin, John T.; García, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    The present study uses stable isotopes of nitrogen and carbon (δ15Nandδ13C) as trophic indicators for Atlantic bluefin tuna larvae (BFT) (6–10 mm standard length) in the highly contrasting environmental conditions of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) and the Balearic Sea (MED). These regions are differentiated by their temperature regime and relative productivity, with the GOM being significantly warmer and more productive. MED BFT larvae showed the highest δ15N signatures, implying an elevated trophic position above the underlying microzooplankton baseline. Ontogenetic dietary shifts were observed in the BFT larvae from the GOM and MED which indicates early life trophodynamics differences between these spawning habitats. Significant trophic differences between the GOM and MED larvae were observed in relation to δ15N signatures in favour of the MED larvae, which may have important implications in their growth during their early life stages.These low δ15N levels in the zooplankton from the GOM may be an indication of a shifting isotopic baseline in pelagic food webs due to diatrophic inputs by cyanobacteria. Lack of enrichment for δ15N in BFT larvae compared to zooplankton implies an alternative grazing pathway from the traditional food chain of phytoplankton—zooplankton—larval fish. Results provide insight for a comparative characterization of the trophic pathways variability of the two main spawning grounds for BFT larvae. PMID:26225849

  15. Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the identification of organobrominated compounds in bluefin tuna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pena-Abaurrea, Miren; Covaci, Adrian; Ramos, Lourdes

    2011-09-28

    This study evaluates comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC-ToF MS) for the simultaneous analysis of several classes of organobromines (OBs), including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), methoxylated PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs), several halogenated naturally produced compounds (HNPs) and eight novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs), polybrominated hexahydroxanthene derivates (PBHDs), 2,4,6-tribromoanisole and a mixed halogenated compound (MHC-1), in bluefin tuna muscles. The proposed methodology maximised separation of both within and among OB families, and among these and other halogenated micropollutants detected in these samples and co-extracted matrix components. Special attention has been paid to solve co-elution problems observed during the analysis of OBs with one-dimensional GC-based techniques. Satisfactory separation among several relevant PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs has been obtained allowing their unambiguous determination in a single run. Additional studies were conducted to identify selected NBFRs and HNPs. 2,4-Dibromoanisole, a dibromophenol isomer and hexabromobenzene were identified in the investigated samples. Several new tri- and tetra-BHD derivates were also identified, indicating that these compounds could apparently exist as structured families in nature. In addition, a tetrabrominated diMeO-biphenyl and two tetrabrominated diMeO-BDEs were also tentatively identified. PMID:21872866

  16. Physicochemical and sensory characterization of refined and deodorized tuna (Thunnus albacares) by-product oil obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Dayse A S B; Minozzo, Marcelo G; Licodiedoff, Silvana; Waszczynskyj, Nina

    2016-09-15

    In this study, the effects of chemical refining and deodorization on fatty acid profiles and physicochemical and sensory characteristics of the tuna by-product oil obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis were evaluated. Enzymatic extraction was conducted for 120 min at 60 °C and pH 6.5 using Alcalase at an enzyme-substrate ratio of 1:200 w/w. The chemical refining of crude oil consisted of degumming, neutralization, washing, drying, bleaching, and deodorization; deodorization was conducted at different temperatures and processing times. Although chemical refining was successful, temperature and chemical reagents favored the removal of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) from the oil. Aroma attributes of fishy odor, frying odor, and rancid odor predominantly contributed to the sensory evaluation of the product. Deodorization conditions of 160 °C for 1h and 200 °C for 1h were recommended for the tuna by-product oil, which is rich in PUFA. PMID:27080896

  17. The relationship between fat content and biological parameters of bigeye tuna ( Thunnus obseus) in the Western Central Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Liming; Shen, Zhibin; Li, Jie; Li, Dongjing; Li, Yuwei

    2016-10-01

    Comparing fat content with physiological status can throw light on the reproduction and feeding behavior of the fish. The biological data of 586 bigeye tuna were collected from the longline fishery in the waters of Western Central Indian Ocean from November, 2012 to March, 2013. The spatial or temporal distribution of the fat content, and the relationships of fat content with gender, round weight, gonadal maturity and fork length were analyzed. A generalized additive model (GAM) was used to analyze the relationships between fat content and fork length (FL), gonadosomatic index (GSI), condition factor (K), and somatic index (SI). Results showed that: 1) the fat content of bigeye tuna was in the range of 3.1%-27.1% with the average 12.8%; 2) there were no significant geographical differences of average fat content ( P > 0.05) among 1° squares in general; 3) there were no significant differences ( P > 0.05) of the fat content for different genders, months, or gonad maturity stages; 4) there was an extremely significant correlation ( P = 0.000) between fat content and FL and GSI. There was no significant correlation ( P = 0.051) between fat content and K. There was a significant correlation ( P = 0.003) between fat content and SI. The results of this study suggest that the fat content of the matured fish was relatively stable. The survey area was in a spawning region, and the survey period was the spawning season for bigeye tuna.

  18. Evidence of discrete yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) populations demands rethink of management for this globally important resource

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grewe, P. M.; Feutry, P.; Hill, P. L.; Gunasekera, R. M.; Schaefer, K. M.; Itano, D. G.; Fuller, D. W.; Foster, S. D.; Davies, C. R.

    2015-11-01

    Tropical tuna fisheries are central to food security and economic development of many regions of the world. Contemporary population assessment and management generally assume these fisheries exploit a single mixed spawning population, within ocean basins. To date population genetics has lacked the required power to conclusively test this assumption. Here we demonstrate heterogeneous population structure among yellowfin tuna sampled at three locations across the Pacific Ocean (western, central, and eastern) via analysis of double digest restriction-site associated DNA using Next Generation Sequencing technology. The differences among locations are such that individuals sampled from one of the three regions examined can be assigned with close to 100% accuracy demonstrating the power of this approach for providing practical markers for fishery independent verification of catch provenance in a way not achieved by previous techniques. Given these results, an extended pan-tropical survey of yellowfin tuna using this approach will not only help combat the largest threat to sustainable fisheries (i.e. illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing) but will also provide a basis to transform current monitoring, assessment, and management approaches for this globally significant species.

  19. Analysis of the international fisheries management based on the proposal of including Atlantic bluefin tuna into Appendix Ⅰ of CITES Convention%基于将大西洋蓝鳍金枪鱼列入CITES附录Ⅰ提案的国际渔业管理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜斐斐; 唐建业

    2012-01-01

    受国际市场对大西洋蓝鳍金枪鱼产品需求的驱动,非法、不报告、不管制捕捞和捕捞能力过剩等现象频频发生,造成该鱼类资源的数量持续下降。瑞典、摩纳哥先后向濒危野生动植物种国际贸易委员会提议将大西洋蓝鳍金枪鱼列入《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》附录,禁止捕捞和国际贸易该鱼种,引起了广泛关注和激烈争论。为此,通过分析ICCAT对大西洋蓝鳍金枪鱼的管理、相关国家或地区组织的不同意见,研究该提案可能对国际渔业管理及我国带来的影响。一旦该鱼种列入CITES附录,可能导致更多商业开发的水生生物被提到CITES框架上来,从而影响世界渔业的管理格局。对此,中国应采取行动,积极参加国际组织会议,参与规则制定,反映中国关注问题与主张。而作为联合国海洋法公约和ICCAT的一员,我国也有义务与其他国家合作执行ICCAT的养护和管理措施,为提高履约能力,规范国内远洋企业的管理,如按照相关要求及时、准确报送数据等,从而配合国家履行国际义务。%Driven by the demand from international market for Atlantic bluefin tuna(Thunnus thynnus) and their products,overcapacity and illegal,unregulated and unreported(IUU) fishing frequently took place,which resulted in continuous decline of the fish resources.Although relevant Regional Fishery Management Organizations(RFMOs),the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas(ICCAT) in this case,have adopted some conservation and management measures for this fish stock,the outcome is unsatisfied.To find an alternative solution,Monaco in 2009 proposed to include Atlantic bluefin tuna into Appendix Ⅰ of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora(CITES),banning capture and trade.In 2010,this proposal was discussed heatedly in the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties,which had attracted

  20. Purification and antioxidant properties of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) dark muscle peptide on free radical-mediated oxidative systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Je, Jae-Young; Qian, Zhong-Ji; Lee, Sang-Hoon; Byun, Hee-Guk; Kim, Se-Kwon

    2008-12-01

    To produce bioactive peptides from by-products of fish processing, bigeye tuna dark muscle was hydrolyzed using various enzymes (alcalase, alpha-chymotrypsin, neutrase, papain, pepsin, and trypsin), and the hydrolysates were evaluated for antioxidant activity. Considering the results of degree of hydrolysis and antioxidant activities, peptic hydrolysate was used for further studies to identify a potent antioxidant peptide. Antioxidant peptide was purified using consecutive chromatographic methods and was identified as being H-Leu-Asn-Leu-Pro-Thr-Ala-Val-Tyr-Met-Val-Thr-OH (MW 1,222 Da) by quantitative time-of-flight electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Purified antioxidant peptide from bigeye tuna dark muscle (APTDM) was investigated for its antioxidant activities using both free radical scavenging effects and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) peroxidation inhibitory activity. The results showed that APTDM effectively quenched with low 50% inhibitory concentration values compared to vitamin C as a positive control against four different free radicals: 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, hydroxyl, superoxide, and alkyl radical. APTDM also inhibited PUFA peroxidation in a linoleic acid emulsion system, and the activity was similar to that of alpha-tocopherol. We further investigated its antioxidant activities on cellular systems, and the results showed that APTDM significantly scavenged cellular radicals and enhanced the viability of tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced cytotoxicity. These results indicate that APTDM or a peptide fraction containing APTDM would be a beneficial ingredient for functional food and/or pharmaceuticals. PMID:19053853

  1. The real maccoyii: identifying tuna sushi with DNA barcodes--contrasting characteristic attributes and genetic distances.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob H Lowenstein

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The use of DNA barcodes for the identification of described species is one of the least controversial and most promising applications of barcoding. There is no consensus, however, as to what constitutes an appropriate identification standard and most barcoding efforts simply attempt to pair a query sequence with reference sequences and deem identification successful if it falls within the bounds of some pre-established cutoffs using genetic distance. Since the Renaissance, however, most biological classification schemes have relied on the use of diagnostic characters to identify and place species. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we developed a cytochrome c oxidase subunit I character-based key for the identification of all tuna species of the genus Thunnus, and compared its performance with distance-based measures for identification of 68 samples of tuna sushi purchased from 31 restaurants in Manhattan (New York City and Denver, Colorado. Both the character-based key and GenBank BLAST successfully identified 100% of the tuna samples, while the Barcode of Life Database (BOLD as well as genetic distance thresholds, and neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree building performed poorly in terms of species identification. A piece of tuna sushi has the potential to be an endangered species, a fraud, or a health hazard. All three of these cases were uncovered in this study. Nineteen restaurant establishments were unable to clarify or misrepresented what species they sold. Five out of nine samples sold as a variant of "white tuna" were not albacore (T. alalunga, but escolar (Lepidocybium flavorunneum, a gempylid species banned for sale in Italy and Japan due to health concerns. Nineteen samples were northern bluefin tuna (T. thynnus or the critically endangered southern bluefin tuna (T. maccoyii, though nine restaurants that sold these species did not state these species on their menus. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The Convention on

  2. Evaluation of FAD-associated purse seine fishery reduction strategies for bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) in the Indian Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TONG Yuhe; CHEN Xinjun; XU Liuxiong; CHEN Yong

    2013-01-01

    In the Indian Ocean,bigeye tuna supports one of the most important fisheries in the world.This fishery mainly consists of two components:longline and purse seine fisheries.Evidence of overfishing and stock depletion of bigeye tuna calls for an evaluation of alternative management strategies.Using an age-structured operating model,parameterized with the results derived in a recent stock assessment,we evaluated the effectiveness of applying constant fishing mortality (CF) and quasi-constant fishing mortality (QCF) strategies to reduce fishing effort of purse seining with fish aggregating devices (FADs) at different rates.Three different levels of productivity accounted for the uncertainty in our understanding of stock productivity.The study shows that the results of CF and QCF are similar.Average SSB and catch during simulation years would be higher if fishing mortality of FAD-associated purse seining was reduced rapidly.The banning or rapid reduction of purse seining with FAD resulted in a mean catch,and catch in the last simulation year,higher than that of the base case in which no change was made to the purse seine fishery.This could be caused by growth overfishing by purse seine fisheries with FADs according to the per-recruit analysis.These differences would be more obvious when stock productivity was low.Transferring efforts of FAD-associated purse seining to longline fisheries is also not feasible.Our study suggests that changes are necessary to improve the performance of the current management strategy.

  3. Accounting for age uncertainty in growth modeling, the case study of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) of the Indian Ocean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dortel, Emmanuelle; Massiot-Granier, Félix; Rivot, Etienne; Million, Julien; Hallier, Jean-Pierre; Morize, Eric; Munaron, Jean-Marie; Bousquet, Nicolas; Chassot, Emmanuel

    2013-01-01

    Age estimates, typically determined by counting periodic growth increments in calcified structures of vertebrates, are the basis of population dynamics models used for managing exploited or threatened species. In fisheries research, the use of otolith growth rings as an indicator of fish age has increased considerably in recent decades. However, otolith readings include various sources of uncertainty. Current ageing methods, which converts an average count of rings into age, only provide periodic age estimates in which the range of uncertainty is fully ignored. In this study, we describe a hierarchical model for estimating individual ages from repeated otolith readings. The model was developed within a Bayesian framework to explicitly represent the sources of uncertainty associated with age estimation, to allow for individual variations and to include knowledge on parameters from expertise. The performance of the proposed model was examined through simulations, and then it was coupled to a two-stanza somatic growth model to evaluate the impact of the age estimation method on the age composition of commercial fisheries catches. We illustrate our approach using the sagittal otoliths of yellowfin tuna of the Indian Ocean collected through large-scale mark-recapture experiments. The simulation performance suggested that the ageing error model was able to estimate the ageing biases and provide accurate age estimates, regardless of the age of the fish. Coupled with the growth model, this approach appeared suitable for modeling the growth of Indian Ocean yellowfin and is consistent with findings of previous studies. The simulations showed that the choice of the ageing method can strongly affect growth estimates with subsequent implications for age-structured data used as inputs for population models. Finally, our modeling approach revealed particularly useful to reflect uncertainty around age estimates into the process of growth estimation and it can be applied to any

  4. 基于分离式卫星标志信息的金枪鱼垂直移动特性%Vertical movement characteristics of tuna (Thunnus albacares) in Pacific Ocean determined using pop-up satellite archival tags

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张衡; 戴阳; 杨胜龙; 王晓璇; 刘光明; 陈雪忠

    2014-01-01

    Pacific yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) is widely distribute in subtropical and tropical waters, extending to 40°N in the North Pacific Ocean. Understanding the biology of tunas requires the knowledge of where it lives and its various movements between different habitats. But, the movement and habitat of yellowfin tuna in the Northwest Pacific Ocean have been poor understood in the world. A total of 36 yellowfin tunas Thunnus albacares were tagged using Pop-up Satellite Archival Tags (PSATs) and released in 2010-2012 to examine their vertical movement patterns. The results showed that the return rate of 8 tunas deployed from purse seine fishery was 100%, but the recorded period of tags was only 0.5-5 days. The return rate of those tunas deployed from handline fishery was 75%, while the recorded period of tags was 0.5-91 days and the tag of 2 tunas were normally popped up. In this study, the recorded period was lower than 10 days for 18 tags, was 10-20 days for 3 tags and was longer than 20 days for 8 tags. The longest recorded time of fish ID 33339 was 91 days and its straight-line distance was 822 km from the deployed site. The second longest recorded time of fish ID 33869 was 89 days because of the 3 months set time, while its straight-line distance was only 10 km. The tunas deployed from handline fishery provided loner-time information. About 85.9% of time for yellowfin tunas lived in the 0-150 m depths, 13% of time in≥150-250 m and only 1.1% of time lived in the≥250 m depths. As for as water temperature, 81.7% of time yellowfin tunas lived in≥24℃, 16.2% of time in 16-24℃ and only 2.1% of time lived in≤16℃. In 0-50 m depth, the occurrence frequency of yellowfin tunas in night was 2 times higher than that in day, while the occurrence frequency of them in day was larger than that in night in 50-500 m depths. From the most tags data, we found that the yellowfin tuna can go up to surface water layer (<10 m) and the maximum habitat depth of 53

  5. 77 FR 73969 - International Fisheries; Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Fishing Restrictions in the Eastern Pacific Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... Scientific Committee (76 ] FR 28422 (May 17, 2011)). NMFS recommended that domestic and international actions... catch of PBF had an ex-vessel value of $175,892 (unadjusted for inflation) during 2000-2011. About 66... targeting bluefin tuna in any one year during 2000-2011. Bluefin tuna is also incidentally caught and...

  6. Global habitat preferences of commercially valuable tuna

    KAUST Repository

    Arrizabalaga, Haritz

    2015-03-01

    In spite of its pivotal role in future implementations of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management, current knowledge about tuna habitat preferences remains fragmented and heterogeneous, because it relies mainly on regional or local studies that have used a variety of approaches making them difficult to combine. Therefore in this study we analyse data from six tuna species in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans in order to provide a global, comparative perspective of habitat preferences. These data are longline catch per unit effort from 1958 to 2007 for albacore, Atlantic bluefin, southern bluefin, bigeye, yellowfin and skipjack tunas. Both quotient analysis and Generalised Additive Models were used to determine habitat preference with respect to eight biotic and abiotic variables. Results confirmed that, compared to temperate tunas, tropical tunas prefer warm, anoxic, stratified waters. Atlantic and southern bluefin tuna prefer higher concentrations of chlorophyll than the rest. The two species also tolerate most extreme sea surface height anomalies and highest mixed layer depths. In general, Atlantic bluefin tuna tolerates the widest range of environmental conditions. An assessment of the most important variables determining fish habitat is also provided. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

  7. Effects of different cold chain logistics situations on quality and microstructure of tuna (Thunnus obesus) fillets%不同冷链物流过程对金枪鱼品质及组织形态的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤元睿; 谢晶; 李念文; 徐慧文; 苏辉; 黎柳; 潘文龙

    2014-01-01

    为研究物流过程中温度变化对金枪鱼品质及组织形态的影响,试验模拟5种不同物流过程,测定金枪鱼肉感官、色差、持水力、质构以及肌纤维间隙。结果表明,超低温冻藏大目金枪鱼肉的品质受物流过程中温度变化影响显著,储运、销售过程始终保持在-55℃的完整冷链下能够使金枪鱼肉保持良好品质;随着储运过程中温度变化次数增多、幅度增大,鱼肉劣化显著,其中,经2次-18℃运输的金枪鱼肉在冻藏末期组织松散、肌纤维间隙达17.20μm,在4℃家用冰箱中贮藏12 h后感官评分、红度值、持水力、硬度和咀嚼性分别为-0.81、5.2、53.08%、1.128 N和58.03,其质量甚至低于物流过程始终保持在-18℃而不产生温度变化的鱼肉。若运输过程不具备超低温冷藏车,仅靠超低温贮藏并不能减缓鱼肉品质劣变,此时应适当调节贮藏温度,尽量避免储运期间的温度变化;相较于2℃冷藏销售,-18℃冷冻柜销售能够使金枪鱼肉保持较好品质。研究结果可为金枪鱼储运和销售提供参考。%The process of cold chain logistics including storage, transportation, selling, and other steps, requires the temperature to be kept at an ultra-low degree of-55℃at all times-. However, because there is a current lack of mechanical cryogenic transportation vehicles in China that meet this requirement, ordinary refrigerated trucks with a temperature of only-18℃ are widely used for tuna transport. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of variations in storing temperature and selling models on the quality and microstructure of tuna (Thunnus obesus). In this paper, four diverse situations of transportation and storage were performed to simulate:complete ultra-low temperature cold chain (-55℃), normal cold chain (-18℃), and tuna stored at -55℃ but transported afterwards at -18℃ once and twice. Three different sales

  8. 吉尔伯特群岛海域大眼金枪鱼(Thunnus obesus)栖息环境综合指数%AN INTEGRATED HABITAT INDEX OF BIGEYE TUNA THUNNUS OBESUS IN WATERS NEAR GILBERT ISLANDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋利明; 杨嘉樑; 武亚苹; 惠明明; 吕凯凯

    2012-01-01

    根据2010年10月~2011年1月在吉尔伯特群岛海域利用金枪鱼延绳钓调查所取得的32个站点的大眼金枪鱼渔获数据,以及测得的温度、盐度、叶绿素、溶解氧浓度、水平海流及垂直海流数据,采用分位数回归的方法研究了各水层(80—240m,每40m为一层)中各环境因子与大眼金枪鱼渔获率的关系,建立“栖息环境综合指数(integratedhabitatindex,IHI)模型”,并利用另外8个站点的数据验证研究结果。结果表明,(1)IHI模型的预测能力较好;(2)不同的水层影响大眼金枪鱼分布的环境因子不同,在较浅的水层(80--200m),大眼金枪鱼的渔获率与溶解氧浓度和海流相关,而在较深水层(〉200m)则仅与温度相关;(3)大眼金枪鱼较适宜的栖息水层为120—160m;(4)大眼金枪鱼删指数分布较高的两个海域分别为2—3°S,169一175°E与l~3°S,178—180°E,建议在上述两个海域作业时,尽可能使钓具沉降到120—160m的水层,以达到减少兼捕渔获物,同时提高生产效率。%On the basis of the survey data at 32 sampling stations in waters near Gilbert Islands from Oct., 2010 through Jan., 2011, the vertical profile data of temperature, salinity, chlorophyll-a, dissolved oxygen concentration, hori- zontal current, vertical current and the catch per unit effort (CPUE) data of bigeye tuna were applied to develop the “Inte- grated Habitat Index (IHI)” models by the quantile regression method. Models were developed for six water strata from 40m to 280m (40m per stratum) and the entire water column to understand the relationship between the bigeye tuna CPUE and the environmental variables. The measured environmental variables at the other eight sampling stations were used to validate the models' predictive power. The results showed: (1) the models' predictive power was good; (2) the key envi- ronmental parameters in the IHI models

  9. Development of Formaldehyde Biosensor for Determination of Formalin in Fish Samples; Malabar Red Snapper (Lutjanus malabaricus) and Longtail Tuna (Thunnus tonggol).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noor Aini, Bohari; Siddiquee, Shafiquzzaman; Ampon, Kamaruzaman

    2016-06-30

    Electrochemical biosensors are widely recognized in biosensing devices due to the fact that gives a direct, reliable, and reproducible measurement within a short period. During bio-interaction process and the generation of electrons, it produces electrochemical signals which can be measured using an electrochemical detector. A formaldehyde biosensor was successfully developed by depositing an ionic liquid (IL) (e.g., 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate ([EMIM][Otf])), gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), and chitosan (CHIT), onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The developed formaldehyde biosensor was analyzed for sensitivity, reproducibility, storage stability, and detection limits. Methylene blue was used as a redox indicator for increasing the electron transfer in the electrochemical cell. The developed biosensor measured the NADH electron from the NAD⁺ reduction at a potential of 0.4 V. Under optimal conditions, the differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) method detected a wider linear range of formaldehyde concentrations from 0.01 to 10 ppm within 5 s, with a detection limit of 0.1 ppm. The proposed method was successfully detected with the presence of formalin in fish samples, Lutjanus malabaricus and Thunnus Tonggol. The proposed method is a simple, rapid, and highly accurate, compared to the existing technique.

  10. Development of Formaldehyde Biosensor for Determination of Formalin in Fish Samples; Malabar Red Snapper (Lutjanus malabaricus and Longtail Tuna (Thunnus tonggol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bohari Noor Aini

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Electrochemical biosensors are widely recognized in biosensing devices due to the fact that gives a direct, reliable, and reproducible measurement within a short period. During bio-interaction process and the generation of electrons, it produces electrochemical signals which can be measured using an electrochemical detector. A formaldehyde biosensor was successfully developed by depositing an ionic liquid (IL (e.g., 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate ([EMIM][Otf], gold nanoparticles (AuNPs, and chitosan (CHIT, onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE. The developed formaldehyde biosensor was analyzed for sensitivity, reproducibility, storage stability, and detection limits. Methylene blue was used as a redox indicator for increasing the electron transfer in the electrochemical cell. The developed biosensor measured the NADH electron from the NAD+ reduction at a potential of 0.4 V. Under optimal conditions, the differential pulse voltammetry (DPV method detected a wider linear range of formaldehyde concentrations from 0.01 to 10 ppm within 5 s, with a detection limit of 0.1 ppm. The proposed method was successfully detected with the presence of formalin in fish samples, Lutjanus malabaricus and Thunnus Tonggol. The proposed method is a simple, rapid, and highly accurate, compared to the existing technique.

  11. 黑鳍生食金枪鱼解冻后不同气体比例气调包装的新鲜度变化%Freshness Changes of Thawed Bluefin Tuna Used for Raw Consumption during Storage in Modified Atmospheres with Different Gas Compositions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贡慧; 杨震; 史智佳; 刘梦; 李少鹏; 陈文华

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we examined the effect of modified atmosphere packaging on theK value, pH value and sensory quality of thawed bluefin tuna meat during storage at 4℃. The results showed that when the modified atmosphere was CO2:N2= 60:40 (V/V), the freshness of tuna meat was preserved for the longest period of time (96 h), with no obvious acidification. Under refrigeration conditions, theK value can reflect the sensory quality of blackfin tuna meat with respect to taste and flavor.%以黑鳍金枪鱼为对象,研究4℃条件下气调包装对其K值、pH值与感官品质的影响。结果表明:当气调包装的气体比例为CO2∶N2=60∶40(V/V)时,黑鳍金枪鱼保鲜时间最久,可达到96 h,且不会发生明显酸化;在冷藏条件下,K值可以从滋味、气味的角度很好地反映黑鳍金枪鱼的感官品质。

  12. Direct ageing of Thunnus thynnus from the eastern Atlantic Ocean and western Mediterranean Sea using dorsal fin spines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luque, P L; Rodriguez-Marin, E; Landa, J; Ruiz, M; Quelle, P; Macias, D; Ortiz De Urbina, J M

    2014-06-01

    This study deals with important methodology issues that affect age estimates of eastern Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus using dorsal fin spines. Nearly 3800 spine sections were used from fish caught in the north-east Atlantic Ocean and western Mediterranean Sea over a 21 year period. Edge type and marginal increment analyses indicated a yearly periodicity of annulus formation with the translucent bands (50% of occurrence) appearing from October to May. Nucleus vascularization seriously affected specimens older than 6 years, with the disappearance of 40-50% of the presumed annuli by that age. An alternate sectioning location was a clear improvement and this finding is an important contribution to the methodology of using this structure for ageing the full-length range of eastern T. thynnus. Finally, there were no significant differences between the coefficients of von Bertalanffy growth model estimated from mean length at age data (L∞  = 327.4; k = 0.097; t0  = -0.838) and those estimated from the growth curves accepted for the eastern and western T. thynnus management units. PMID:24890407

  13. OPTIMASI KONDISI PEMURNIAN ASAM LEMAK OMEGA-3 DARI MINYAK HASIL SAMPING PENEPUNGAN TUNA (Thunnus sp DENGAN KRISTALISASI UREA [Optimizing Conditions for the Purification of Omega-3 Fatty Acids from By-product of Tuna (Thunnus sp Meal Processing by Urea Crystallization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teti Estiasih1*

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Omega-3 fatty acids (-3 are proven to have health beneficial effects. Some effort had been done to obtained oil high in -3 fatty acids. Among the methods developed, urea crystallization was preferred because it is simple, economic, and result in high purity of fatty acids. A source that had not been widely explored for -3 fatty acids production is the by-product of tuna meal processing. This research studied the optimization condition for separation and purification of -3 fatty acids from the by-product of tuna meal processing by urea crystallization. Crystallization reaction conditions of urea inclusion were optimized using the response surface methodology, and the model was developed.Optimization result showed a quadratic polynomial regression equation of Y= 140,52677X1 + 8,38203X2 – 19,85850X12 – 0,12173X22 – 0,74000X1X2 – 240,33546 with X1=urea to fatty acid ratio and X2=crystallization time. Maximum response was obtained at urea to fatty acid ratio of 3,07:1,crystallization time of 25,10 hours, and predicted response was 80,60%. Analysis of variance showed that urea to fatty acid ratio and crystallization time affected response. Under optimal conditions, the product was 3.89 times concentrated and the purity of -3 fatty acids was 81,98%. Verification result revealed that the predicted value from this model was reasonably close to the experimentally observed value. Urea crystallization process changed quality parameters that were oxidation level (peroxide value, anisidin value, and totox value, Fe and Cu content, P content, and water content. The changes were caused by adsorption of primary and secondary oxidation products, part of metals, and phosphoric compound onto unsaponifiable matters or soluble into water.

  14. CPUE standardization of Chinese longline fishery for targeting bigeye tuna,Thunnus obesus in the Indian Ocean%印度洋中国大眼金枪鱼延绳钓渔业CPUE标准化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴小杰; 马超; 田思泉

    2011-01-01

    Generalized Linear Models (GLM) and Generalized Additive Models (GAM) were used to standardize catch per unit fishing effort (CPUE) of Chinese bigeye tuna ( Thunnus obesus) fishery in the Indian Ocean.In CPUE standardization, nominal CPUE was treated as the dependent variable and three groups of affected variables were considered: spatial variables (longitude and latitude), temporal variables (year and month) and environmental variables (temperature at various depths, salinity at various depths and Sea Level Height).The results indicated that the standardized and nominal CPUEs were similar and showed the same trends in spatio-temporal distribution.The CPUE increased with year and high CPUE usually occurred in 42°E -60°E, 85°E -90°E, 15°S -5°S and 10°N - 15°N.Both the results of GLM and GAM showed that the longitude was the most important variable affecting CPUE, which could explain 17.3% and 23.81% of the deviance, respectively.The effects of latitude, the interaction terms of longitude and latitude,year, temperature at 317 m depth and temperature at 381 m depth on CPUE were also apparent.GLM tended to be more appropriate than GAM in the analysis of CPUE standardization in this study.%使用广义线性模型(GLM)和广义可加模型(GAM)对印度洋中国大眼金枪鱼渔业的单位捕捞努力量渔获量(CPUE)进行标准化.在CPUE标准化模型中,考虑了空间(经度与纬度)、时间(年与月)和环境(包括各深度温度、各深度盐度和海平面高度)等变量.结果表明,标准化CPUE和名义CPUE在时空分布上呈相似的趋势.年CPUE随时间呈现下降的趋势,高CPUE经常出现在42°E~60°E、85°E~90°E、15°S~5°S和10°N~15°N的区域内.GLM和GAM分析郜显示出经度是影响CPUE最重要的变量,可分别解释17.3%和23.8l%的变异;纬度、经度和纬度的交互效应、年份、381 m水层温度、317 m水层温度对CPUE的影响也是明显的.此研究中GLM模型比GAM模型更合适.

  15. Vertical distribution of bigeye tuna Thunnus obesus in the tropical In-dian Ocean%热带印度洋大眼金枪鱼垂直分布空间分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雪忠; 杨胜龙; 张禹; 樊伟; 伍玉梅

    2013-01-01

      为了解热带印度洋大眼金枪鱼(Thunnus obesus)适宜的垂直和水平空间分布范围,采用Argo浮标剖面温度数据重构热带印度洋10℃、12℃、13℃和16℃月平均等温线场,网格化计算了12℃、13℃等温线深度值和温跃层下界深度差,并结合印度洋金枪鱼委员会(IOTC)大眼金枪鱼延绳钓渔业数据,绘制了12℃、13℃等温线深度与月平均单位捕捞努力渔获量(CPUE)的空间叠加图,用于分析热带印度洋大眼金枪鱼中心渔场 CPUE 时空分布和高渔获率水温的等温线时空分布的关系。结果表明,从垂直分布来看,热带印度洋中心渔场延绳钓高渔获率区域垂直分布在温跃层下界以下,在表层以下150~400 m 深度区间。从水平分布来看,12℃等温线,高 CPUE 区域大多深度值300 m, the CPUE tends to be low. Similarly, the highest CPUEs were observed in areas where the 13°C isothermal depth was shallower than 300 m (mode:190−275 m), whereas CPUE was low when the depth exceeded 400 m. The vertical distribution of high hook rates was concentrated in the area to the north of 15°S. We used a frequency analysis and the empirical cumulative distribution function to compute the optimum range of subsurface factors. The optimum ranges for the12 and 13°C isothermal depths were between 250−340 m and 190−270 m, respectively. The optimum depth difference ranges were 30–130 m for the 12°C isothermal depth and 0–70 m for the13°C isothermal depth. We documented the distribution interval and vertical depth range for the central fishing ground of bigeye tuna. Our results provide a reference for improving the efficiency of thelong-line fleet and aiding in resource management.

  16. Bluefin Tuna Life History (1972-1979)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Catch and size data for animals from which a collection of fish parts were done for life history studies. These samples will be used in comparison studies with more...

  17. 大西洋中部金枪鱼延绳钓渔场黄鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus albacares)生物学特性的初步研究%PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF YELLOWFIN TUNA THUNNUS ALBACARES IN THE TUNA LONGLINE FISHING GROUND OF THE CENTRAL ATLANTIC OCEAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋利明; 陈新军; 许柳雄

    2004-01-01

    根据2001年6月16日-10月27日大西洋中部金枪鱼延绳钓渔场现场所作的生物学测定数据,应用统计与回归的方法分别对黄鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus albacares)的性腺成熟度、摄食等级、摄食种类、性比、叉长分布、叉长与纯重的关系、叉长与原条鱼重的关系、原条鱼重与纯重的关系等进行了研究.结果表明,(1)性腺成熟度Ⅵ级占的比例最高,为47.06%.(2)摄食等级以1级为主,其次为0级,分别占45.45%和18.18%.(3)胃含物中以鱿鱼出现的频率为最高,占44.44%,其次是沙丁鱼和杂鱼,分别占27.78%和25.00%.(4)雄性与雌性的性比约为1.43比1.(5)优势叉长为1.31-1.47m,占31.44%,平均叉长为1.39m.(6)不分性别、雄性和雌性黄鳍金枪鱼叉长(FL)与纯重(DW)的关系可表达为:DW=5.6632×10-6FL3.1951.(7)不分性别、雄性和雌性黄鳍金枪鱼叉长(FL)与原条鱼重(RW)的关系分别为:RW=8.5072×10-6FL3.1390、RWM=1.1229×10-5 FLM3.0847、RWF=7.1711×10-6FLF3.1721.(8)不分性别、雄性和雌性黄鳍金枪鱼原条鱼重(RW)与纯重(DW)的关系分别为:RW=1.1339DW、RWM= 1.1320DWM、RWF=1.1399DWF.

  18. Biogenic amine content, histamine-forming bacteria, and adulteration of pork in tuna sausage products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kung, Hsien-Feng; Tsai, Yung-Hsiang; Chang, Shih-Chih; Hong, Tang-Yao

    2012-10-01

    Twenty-five tuna sausage products were purchased from retail markets in Taiwan. The rates of occurrence of biogenic amines, histamine-forming bacteria, and adulteration by pork and poultry were determined. The average content of various biogenic amines in all tested samples was less than 2.0 mg/100 g (sausage. The fish species in the tuna sausage samples were identified as Thunnus albacares for 22 samples (88%), Thunnus alalunga for 1 sample (4%), and Thunnus thynnus for 1 sample (4%), whereas the remaining sample was identified as Makaira nigricans (blue marlin).

  19. 马绍尔群岛海域和吉尔伯特群岛海域黄鳍金枪鱼生物学特性比较%Comparison of the biological characteristics of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) between Marshall Islands waters and Gilbert Islands waters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋利明; 惠明明

    2012-01-01

    Based on the biological data of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) collected on board longliners "SLC719" and "SLC901" operating in Marshall Islands waters from Oct. 27th, 2006 to Jan. 14th, 2007 and Gilbert Islands waters from Oct. 8th, 2009 to Dec. 21st, 2009 and from Nov. 26th, 2010 to Jan. 14th, 2011, the yellowfin tuna's maturity stages of the gonad, feeding intensity, sex ratio, fork length distribution, relationship between fork length (L) and round weight ( WR) , relationship between round weight ( WR) and gilled and gutted weight ( WG) were analyzed by statistics. The results indicated: (1) In Marshall Islands waters and Gilbert Islands waters, the dominant fork length of yellowfin tuna was from 120 cm to 140 cm (81.82% ) and from 100 cm to 140 cm (87.92%) and the mean of fork length is 129 ±1.08 cm and 119 ± 0. 78 cm, respectively; The mean fork length in Marshall Islands waters was larger than that in Cilbert Islands waters; There were significant differences between them; (2) In both sea areas, the sex ratio (male: female) was 1.07:1 and 1.40: 1, respectively; There was no difference between them; (3) The maturity stages of yellowfin tuna in Marshall Islands waters was higher than that of north Gilbert Islands waters; the maturity stage of yellowfin tuna in north Gilbert Islands waters was higher than that in south Gilbert Islands waters; there were significant differences between them; (4) The feeding intensity was dominant in the class 0 and class 1, 42.86% and 39.29% for Marshall Islands waters, and 27.72% and 41.49% for Gilbert Islands waters; there was no significant difference between them; the prey biomass of yellowfin tuna in Gilbert Islands was as abundant as that in Marshall Islands; (5) By the linear regression, the relationship between WG and WR of yellowfin tuna was expressed by Wc =0.905 8 WR in Marshall Islands waters and WG =0. 850 4 WR in Gilbert Islands waters; there were significant differences between them; (6) By the power

  20. 南海及临近海域黄鳍金枪鱼渔场时空分布与海表温度的关系%Relationship between temporal-spatial distribution of yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares fishing grounds and sea surface temperature in the South China Sea and adjacent waters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪世建; 周为峰; 王鲁民; 唐峰华; 吴祖立; 陈国宝

    2016-01-01

    为得到南海及临近海域黄鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus albacores)渔场最适宜栖息海表温度(SST)范围,基于美国国家海洋大气局(NOAA )气候预测中心月平均海表温度(SST)资料,结合中西太平洋渔业委员会(WCPFC)发布的南海及临近海域金枪鱼延绳钓渔业数据,绘制了月平均SST和月平均单位捕捞努力量渔获量(CPUE)的空间叠加图,用于分析南海及临近海域黄鳍金枪鱼渔场CPUE时空分布和SST的关系.结果表明,南海及临近海域黄鳍金枪鱼CPUE在16 ℃~31 ℃均有分布.在春季和夏季(3 ~8 月),位于10°~20°N的大部分渔区CPUE较高,其南北侧CPUE较低;而到了秋季和冬季(9月到次年2月),高产渔场区域会向南拓宽.CPUE在各SST区间的散点图呈现出明显的负偏态分布,高CPUE主要集中在26 ℃~30 ℃,最高值出现在29℃附近;在22 ℃ ~26 ℃范围内 CPUE散点分布较为零散,但在这个范围也会出现相当数量的高CPUE;在22 ℃以下的CPUE几乎属于低CPUE和零CPUE;零CPUE的平均SST为26 .7 ℃(±3 .2 ℃),低CPUE的平均SST为27.8 ℃(±2.1 ℃),高CPUE的平均SST为28.4℃(±1.5 ℃),高CPUE在各SST区间的分布要比零CPUE和低CPUE更为集中.采用频次分析和经验累积分布函数计算其最适SST范围,得到南海及临近海域黄鳍金枪鱼最适SST为26 .9 ℃~29 .4 ℃.本研究初步得到南海及临近海域黄鳍金枪鱼中心渔场时空分布特征及SST适宜分布区间,可为开展南海及临近海域金枪鱼渔情预报工作提供理论依据和参考.%South China Sea is an important yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares longline fishing ground in China. There is little research on relationship between the temporal-spatial distribution of yellowfin tuna fishing grounds and sea surface temperature (SST)environment in the South China Sea and its adjacent waters. Based on the monthly averaged SST data provided by the Climate Prediction Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric

  1. 印度洋温带海域长鳍金枪鱼延绳钓渔获组成分析%Analysis on Catch Composition of Albacore Tuna ( Thunnus alalunga) Longline in Temperate Seas of Indian Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李延; 赵君; 戴小杰

    2012-01-01

    Based on the investigation of Albacore Tuna longline fisheries in temperate high seas of Indian Ocean (19° 35'S - 32°01'S 58°25'E - 75°52'E) by "Zhongrong No. 6" from March to May in 2008, during this period, there were 45 operations, and a total of 27 species were identified from the catches including tunas ( 1730,58.5 % ), billfishes ( 175,5. 92% ), sharks and rays ( 187,6. 32% ) and others (865,29. 25% ). Moreover, the influencing factors about the length and weight distribution of all the catches were analyzed. Finally, the countermeasures for reducing the'by-catch species were proposed.%根据2008年3~5月“中荣6号”在印度洋温带公海(19°35′S~32°01′S,58°25′E~75°52′E)金枪鱼延绳钓渔业的调查,期间共投钩45航次,钓获27种鱼类,包括金枪鱼类(1730尾,占总渔获尾数的58.5%),剑旗鱼类(175尾,5.92%),软骨鱼类(187,6.32%)和其他鱼类(865尾,29.25%).分析了延绳钓渔获物的长度和重量组成和渔获组成的影响因素,并提出减少兼捕渔获的对策.

  2. 基于分位数回归的库克群岛海域长鳍金枪鱼栖息环境综合指数%An integrated habitat index for albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) in the waters near the Cook Islands based on the quantile regression method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨嘉樑; 黄洪亮; 宋利明; 饶欣; 吴越; 齐广瑞

    2014-01-01

    We developed an“Integrated Habitat Index (IHI)”model based on the quantile regression method using sur-vey data collected at 43 sites in waters near the Cook Islands from September, 2012 through November, 2012. The model variables included vertical profile data for temperature, salinity, chlorophyll-a, horizontal current, vertical current and catch per unit effort (CPUE) of albacore tuna(Thunnus alalunga), and the interactions among these variables. Mod-els were developed for five 40 m water strata between 40 m and 240 m and the entire water column to predict the spatial distribution of albacore tuna. The environmental variables measured at modeling sites were used as inputs to the IHI models to predict the IHI value of the 5 strata and the entire water column. We tested for a significant difference be-tween the observed CPUE and predicted CPUE within the 5 water strata and the entire water column using a Wilcoxon test. The Spearman correlation coefficients were assumed to indicate the predictive power of the IHI model. The trend line of the arithmetic average about the predicted IHI for the 5 strata was compared with the CPUEs at the specific depth stratum. The environmental variables at validation sites were used to validate the model’s predictive power. These data were input into the CPUE models to predict the CPUE of the 5 water strata and the entire water column. We used a Wilcoxon test to compare between the predicted and observed CPUEs within the 5 water strata and the entire water column to validate the IHI results. The CPUE for albacore tuna in the 5 strata and the entire water column exhibited a skewed normal distribution with a longer left tail. There was no significant difference between the nominal CPUEs and predictive CPUEs of albacore in the 5 water strata and the entire water column at the modelling sites or the validation sites. The IHI models had good predictive power, and were able to accurately predict the distribution of albacore tuna in

  3. Relationship between the temporal-spatial distribution of longline fishing grounds of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albadares)and the thermocline characteristics in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean%中西太平洋延绳钓黄鳍金枪鱼渔场时空分布与温跃层关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨胜龙; 张忭忭; 靳少非; 樊伟

    2015-01-01

    We evaluated the isoline distribution of thermocline characteristics (the upper and lower boundary temper-atures and depths)in the yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares )fishing grounds in Western and Central Pacific O-cean.We plotted the thermocline characteristics contour on a spatial overlay map using data collected on a monthly basis from Argo buoys and monthly CPUE (catch per unit effort)from yellowfin tuna longlines from the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC).In addition,frequency analysis and the empirical cumulative distribution function (ECDF)were used to calculate the optimum ranges for the thermocline characteristics of the central fishing grounds.Our analysis suggested that there were significant seasonal variations in the upper bounda-ry temperature and depth of the thermocline in the central fishing grounds,which significantly influenced the tem-poral and spatial distribution of the yellowfin tuna population.However,the lower boundary temperature and depth of thermocline has little seasonal variation.The overlay maps suggest that the central fishing grounds were ob-served in areas where the upper boundary depth of thermocline was deeper,and south-north moved follow by ther-mocline.The values between 70 and 100 m in the east zonal areas of New Guinea,and the central fishing grounds were found all year.The fishing grounds distributed where the upper boundary temperature of the thermocline was higher than 26℃,but CPUE was lower than Q3 while temperature higher than 30℃.The fishing grounds located between the two high value shape of the lower boundary depth of thermocline,if the depth was more than 300 m or less than 150 m,the CPUE tended to be low.The lower boundary temperature of the thermocline in the fishing grounds was lower than 13℃ all year in the equatorial zone.Conversely,if the temperature was higher than 17℃, the hooking rates are very low.Frequency analysis and the empirical cumulative distribution function (ECDF

  4. 78 FR 33240 - International Fisheries; Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Fishing Restrictions in the Eastern Pacific Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... proposed rule in the Federal Register (76 FR 560790) to implement Resolution C-12-09 of the IATTC by... central Pacific Ocean. In 2011, NMFS determined overfishing is occurring on Pacific bluefin tuna (76 FR... overexploitation of these stocks and to promote sustainable fisheries. Current IATTC membership includes:...

  5. Relationship between sea surface temperatures and dolphin-associated fishing activities by the Mexican tuna fleet

    OpenAIRE

    Gomez-Muñoz, V.M.

    1992-01-01

    Data from the Mexican purse seiner fleet operating in the eastern Tropical Pacific, for the year 1985-1990, are used to show that the fraction of surface schools of yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares associated with dolphins (Stenella attenuata and others) increases with sea surface temperature. Possible reasons for this correlation are briefly discussed.

  6. Bioenergetics, Trophic Ecology, and Niche Separation of Tunas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, R J; Young, J W; Ménard, F; Potier, M; Allain, V; Goñi, N; Logan, J M; Galván-Magaña, F

    2016-01-01

    Tunas are highly specialized predators that have evolved numerous adaptations for a lifestyle that requires large amounts of energy consumption. Here we review our understanding of the bioenergetics and feeding dynamics of tunas on a global scale, with an emphasis on yellowfin, bigeye, skipjack, albacore, and Atlantic bluefin tunas. Food consumption balances bioenergetics expenditures for respiration, growth (including gonad production), specific dynamic action, egestion, and excretion. Tunas feed across the micronekton and some large zooplankton. Some tunas appear to time their life history to take advantage of ephemeral aggregations of crustacean, fish, and molluscan prey. Ontogenetic and spatial diet differences are substantial, and significant interdecadal changes in prey composition have been observed. Diet shifts from larger to smaller prey taxa highlight ecosystem-wide changes in prey availability and diversity and provide implications for changing bioenergetics requirements into the future. Where tunas overlap, we show evidence of niche separation between them; resources are divided largely by differences in diet percentages and size ranges of prey taxa. The lack of long-term data limits the ability to predict impacts of climate change on tuna feeding behaviour. We note the need for systematic collection of feeding data as part of routine monitoring of these species, and we highlight the advantages of using biochemical techniques for broad-scale analyses of trophic relations. We support the continued development of ecosystem models, which all too often lack the regional-specific trophic data needed to adequately investigate climate and fishing impacts. PMID:27573052

  7. Antioxidant activity and physicochemical properties of 1 ku fraction by ultrafiltration of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) head protein hydrolysate%大眼金枪鱼头蛋白酶解物1ku超滤组分的抗氧化活性及其理化性质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨萍; 柯虹乔; 章超桦; 洪鹏志

    2012-01-01

    研究大眼金枪鱼头蛋白酶解物1 ku超滤组分体外的还原力、自由基清除能力及对衰老小鼠体内抗氧化能力的影响,分析1 ku超滤组分的一般成分、氨基酸组成及分子量分布,为进一步分离纯化金枪鱼头抗氧化肽提供基础.体外结果显示,1ku超滤组分对羟基自由基、超氧阴离子和DPPH自由基的清除活性随浓度的增加而增强,IC50分别为1.38、0.73与0.93mg/mL,还原力也随浓度的增加而增大,在浓度为12.5 mg/mL时为0.763;体内结果显示,灌胃30 mg/kg的1 ku超滤组分连续42 d,D-半乳糖致衰老小鼠肝组织的超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)活性、肝组织和血清的谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶(GSH-Px)活性显著提高(P<0.05),血清丙二醛(MDA)含量显著降低(P<0.01);理化分析结果显示,1 ku超滤组分(干基计)蛋白质含量为96.40%,脂肪0.11%,灰分4.86%,疏水性氨基酸占氨基酸总量的35.8%,活性组分分子量在1 802~2 519 u和422~922 u.%To produce bioactive peptides from the by-products of fish processing, bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) head was hydrolyzed by alcalase, and the tuna head protein hydrolysate (THPH) was fractionated through ultrafiltration membranes with a range of molecular weight cutoffs (MWCO) of 8, 5, 3 and 1 ku, respectively, to yield the fraction THPH-1 with MW distribution<1 ku. The antioxidant activities of THPH-1 were evaluated using reducing power, free radical scavenging and aged model mice induced by D-galactose. The physicochemical properties of THPH-1 were analysed also. THPH-1 showed evident radical scavenging activity in a dose-dependent manner with the IC50 values for hydroxyl radical, superox-ide radical and l,l-diphenyl-2-pycrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical being 1.38, 0.73 and 0.93 mg/mL respectively. The reducing power of THPH-1 was 0.763 at 12.5 mg /mL. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) of liver and the activities of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) of liver and serum in aged

  8. DAYA DUKUNG SUMBER DAYA PERIKANAN TUNA DI SAMUDERA HINDIA DALAM KAITANNYA DENGAN INDUSTRIALISASI PERIKANAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wijopriono Wijopriono

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Pemerintah berupaya untuk meningkatkan produksi dan ekspor hasil perikanan melalui program industrialisasi perikanan. Diantara komoditas utama perikanan yang ditetapkan menjadi target pertumbuhan ekspor adalah tuna dan cakalang. Salah satu area penangkapan penghasil komoditas tersebut adalah Samudera Hindia, yang menyumbang sekitar 17% dari seluruh produksi tuna dan cakalang Indonesia. Namun demikian, beberapa tahun terakhir ini produksi tuna dari perairan ini terus menurun. Peningkatan jumlah kapal yang lebih pada ukuran 10-30 GT belum mampu meningkatkan produksi secara berarti. Kajian stok global menunjukkan bahwa peluang untuk meningkatkan produksi dapat dilakukan untuk jenis tuna mata besar, madidihang dan cakalang. Untuk itu restrukturisasi armada penangkap tuna dan cakalang di Samudera Hindia diperlukan. Indonesian Government has been striving for increasing export of fish and fishery products through fisheries industrialization program. Among the commodities that has been targeted for the program are tuna and skipjack. One of the fishing areas for producing these commodities is Indian Ocean, which has contributed more than 17% to the total Indonesian tuna production. However, tuna production from this area has decreased during last couples of years. The increase of fleet number more on the size of 10-30 GT have not been able to increase tuna production sgnificantly. Global stock assessment suggested that there is an opportunity to increase tuna production, specifically yellowfin (Thunnus albacares, bigeye (T. obesus , and skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis. To achieve this objective, restructurization of fishing fleet operated in Indian Ocean is needed.

  9. MASS SPECTROMETRIC ANALYSIS FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF THUNNUS GENUS FOUR SPECIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Pepe

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available An accurate identification of similar fish species is necessary to prevent illegal substitution and is imposed by labeling regulations in UE countries (1. The genus Thunnus comprises many species of different quality and commercial value. The increasing trade of fish preparations of the species included in this genus and the consequent loss of the external anatomical and morphological features enables fraudulent substitutions. This study reports data relating to the proteomic analysis of four tuna species (T. thynnus, T. alalunga, T. albacares, T. obesus. Sarcoplasmic proteins were studied by mono and two dimensional electrophoresis. The most significant proteins for the characterization of the species were analyzed by mass spectrometric techniques. As reported in a previous study (2, an accurate identification of the species seems possible, owing to the polymorphism displayed by the species of the Thunnus genus.

  10. Behaviour and vulnerability of target and non-target species at drifting fish aggregating devices (FADs) in the tropical tuna purse seine fishery determined by acoustic telemetry

    OpenAIRE

    Forget, F. G.; Capello, Manuela; Filmalter, J.D.; Govinden, R.; Soria, Marc; Cowley, P. D.; Dagorn, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    Characterizing the vulnerability of both target and non-target (bycatch) species to a fishing gear is a key step towards an ecosystem-based fisheries management approach. This study addresses this issue for the tropical tuna purse seine fishery that uses fish aggregating devices (FADs). We used passive acoustic telemetry to characterize, on a 24 h scale, the associative patterns and the vertical distribution of skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis), yellowfin (Thunnus albacares), and bigeye tuna (Thu...

  11. ANALISIS EKSPOR IKAN TUNA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indriana - Yudiarosa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   Facing the  free trade era, Indonesia needs to reorganize its export strategies with not mainly depending on oil and gas sector only. In relation to this, tuna as Indonesia’s export commodity has plate an important role but presently Indonesia can only contribute 7% of the world tuna supply. Being one of the country which have unused tunas potensial  up to 53,7%, Indonesia’s opportunity to supply world market is the large. This studied was aimed at analyzing; factors influencing Indonesia’s tunas export; factors  influencing domestic supply of tunas; predicting tunas export in the next 5 years (2000 –2005 and study marketing strategies that effect Indonesia’s export of tuna. To analyze factors that influenced tunas export and domestic supply of tunas, simultan equation in the form of double logarithma with two stage least square (2SLS methods were used. Meanwhile, export development were analyzed with trend analysis and tunas export strategies with SWOT analysis. Result of this study showed that, tunas export price,  tunas export  tax, exchange rate and tunas export the previous year effected tunas export.Factors that influenced domestic tuna supplies were domestic prices of tunas and domestic supplies of tunas the previous year.       Tunas export prediction from 2000 – 2005 drawn from the trend analysis; shows an increase in export by average of 1.06%. Hopefully this will be followed by increase in tunas production by an average of 1.27%. Increase in tunas export must be supported by marketing strategies.Marketing strategies that can be carried out based on the SWOT analysis are improving infrastucture, transfer of technology for fleet and catch material, improvement in the quality and quantity of the product , marketing research and upgrading cooperation with importing countries.   Keywords: tuna fish, export

  12. RAD-seq derived genome-wide nuclear markers resolve the phylogeny of tunas

    KAUST Repository

    Díaz-Arce, Natalia

    2016-06-07

    Although species from the genus Thunnus include some of the most commercially important and most severely overexploited fishes, the phylogeny of this genus is still unresolved, hampering evolutionary and traceability studies that could help improve conservation and management strategies for these species. Previous attempts based on mitochondrial and nuclear markers were unsuccessful in inferring a congruent and reliable phylogeny, probably due to mitochondrial introgression events and lack of enough phylogenetically informative markers. Here we infer the first genome-wide nuclear marker-based phylogeny of tunas using restriction site associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) data. Our results, derived from phylogenomic inferences obtained from 128 nucleotide matrices constructed using alternative data assembly procedures, support a single Thunnus evolutionary history that challenges previous assumptions based on morphological and molecular data.

  13. RAD-seq derived genome-wide nuclear markers resolve the phylogeny of tunas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz-Arce, Natalia; Arrizabalaga, Haritz; Murua, Hilario; Irigoien, Xabier; Rodríguez-Ezpeleta, Naiara

    2016-09-01

    Although species from the genus Thunnus include some of the most commercially important and most severely overexploited fishes, the phylogeny of this genus is still unresolved, hampering evolutionary and traceability studies that could help improve conservation and management strategies for these species. Previous attempts based on mitochondrial and nuclear markers were unsuccessful in inferring a congruent and reliable phylogeny, probably due to mitochondrial introgression events and lack of enough phylogenetically informative markers. Here we infer the first genome-wide nuclear marker-based phylogeny of tunas using restriction site associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) data. Our results, derived from phylogenomic inferences obtained from 128 nucleotide matrices constructed using alternative data assembly procedures, support a single Thunnus evolutionary history that challenges previous assumptions based on morphological and molecular data. PMID:27286653

  14. Comparative ecology of widely distributed pelagic fish species in the North Atlantic: Implications for modelling climate and fisheries impacts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trenkel, V.M.; Huse, G.; MacKenzie, Brian;

    2014-01-01

    scombrus), capelin (Mallotus villosus), blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou), and horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus), which have distributions extending beyond the continental shelf and predominantly occur on both sides of the North Atlantic. We also include albacore (Thunnus alalunga), bluefin tuna...... (Thunnus thynnus), swordfish (Xiphias gladius), and blue marlin (Makaira nigricans), which, by contrast, show large-scale migrations at the basin scale. We focus on the links between life history processes and the environment, horizontal and vertical distribution, spatial structure and trophic role. Many...

  15. Changesin Myoglobin of Big Eye Tuna During Chilling Storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevi Imelda Murniati Wodi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Big eye tuna (Thunnus obesus is one of the species of tuna which is have some value added such as have potential to improve animal protein sources, have high economic values as well as an export commodity.Mishandling and misapplication of high temparatures on the tuna handling at the tropics and sub tropics climate was significantly decreasing the value of myoglobin and affecting the solubility of protein. Myoglobin is a globular protein that have small molecular weight size and it was an important factor for determining the quality of meat and influencing factors of purchasing power by the consumer. The purpose of this experiments is to determining the changes of myoglobin content and the water soluble proteins content at some parts of big eye tuna in 9 days chilling temperatures. The portion which is analized was the ventral area, dorsal area and tail area. Myoglobin content in all portion above, both light and dark meat was analized. The results shows the decreased value of myoglobin content from first handling (day zero until day ninth (days 9th experiment. Each myoglobin contentfrom white meat at at ventral, dorsal and tail meat was decreased from 121.68 mg/100 into 41.35 mg/100, 148.2 mg/100g into 52.01 mg/100g, 105.16 mg/100g into 31.34 gr/100gram, after day ninth. The myoglobin content from dark meat at ventral, dorsal and tail meat, was decreased, too ; from 418.64 mg/100 gr into 121.01 mg/100 g, 446.21 mg/100 g into 58.34 mg/100 r and 145.65 mg/100 gr into 87.98 mg/100g after day ninth.Water soluble protein was derived into protein bands with molecular weight 15,4 kDa and 14 kDa. Its suspected as the myoglobin protein. The molecular weight difference was caused from degradation of protein during the storage.Keywords: Big eye tuna, meat, storage, myoglobin

  16. Optimum soak time of tuna longline gear%金枪鱼延绳钓钓具的最适浸泡时间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋利明; 徐伟云; 曹道梅; 赵昌克

    2013-01-01

      根据2010年10月—2011年1月金枪鱼延绳钓海上调查数据,分两种起绳方式,建立每次作业每一根支绳的浸泡时间计算模型.将钓具的浸泡时间以1 h 为间隔分别统计每个区间的支绳数量及大眼金枪鱼(Thunnus obesus)、黄鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus albacores)的渔获尾数,并计算其钓获率(CPUE).结果表明:1)大眼金枪鱼和黄鳍金枪鱼的CPUE 都随浸泡时间的增加呈现先增后减的趋势,这是由于饵料的诱引效果变化及渔获的丢失引起的;2)二次曲线可拟合浸泡时间与大眼金枪鱼和黄鳍金枪鱼 CPUE 的关系;3)大眼金枪鱼和黄鳍金枪鱼 CPUE 最高的浸泡时间分别为9.9 h 和10.1 h.建议:1)今后在金枪鱼延绳钓作业中,保证每一根支绳在水中的浸泡时间为9.5~10.5 h,以提高捕捞效率并减少副渔获物;2)可把延绳钓钓具的浸泡时间作为有效捕捞努力量,并用于 CPUE 的标准化.研究结果可用于提高捕捞效率并减少副渔获物的技术方案制订,并为渔业生产和 CPUE 的标准化提供科学参考.%On the basis of the data collected from October 2010 to January 2011 in the tuna longline survey, the soak time calculation models of every branch line in each operation were developed by both modes of hook re-trieval. The soak time of longline gear divided into one hour interval for the quantity of hooks and the individuals of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores), respectively. The respective catch rates (CPUEs) of bigeye tuna and yellowfin tuna in each hour interval were calculated. The results showed that (1) both CPUE of bigeye tuna and yellowfin tuna presented increasing at first and then decreasing trend along the increase of soak time. The reason was the lure effect fluctuation of bait and the lose of hooked fish; (2) the quadratic curves can be fit the relationships between soak time and the CPUE of bigeye tuna, and yellowfin tuna; (3) the CPUE of

  17. Sustainability on seafood security and ocean ecosystem conservation

    OpenAIRE

    Kaeriyama, Masahide

    2009-01-01

    Marine food should be a renewable resource for humans. However, world fish catches have peaked since the 1990s, despite increase in aquaculture production. Fish provide more than 2.9 billion people with at least 15% of their animal protein intake (FAO, 2009). Tuna (Thunnus spp.) abundance decreased severely by overfishing since the 1980s (Myers and Worm, 2003). Bluefin tuna (T. thynnus) is already listed as a 'critical species' in the IUCN. Although production from aquaculture is increasing w...

  18. Relationships between tuna catch and variable frequency oceanographic conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ormaza-González, Franklin Isaac; Mora-Cervetto, Alejandra; María Bermúdez-Martínez, Raquel

    2016-08-01

    Skipjack (Katsuwunus pelamis), yellow fin (Thunnus albacares) and albacore (Thunnus alulunga) tunas landed in the Eastern Pacific Ocean (EPO) countries and Ecuador were correlated to the Indexes Oceanic El Niño (ONI) and Multivariate Enso Index (MEI). The temporal series 1983-2012, and 1977-1999 (warm Pacific Decadal Oscillation, PDO), and 2000-2012 (cold PDO) were analyzed. Linear correlation showed that at least 11 % of the total landings were associated with the MEI, with a slightly negative gradient from cold to warm conditions. When non-linear regression (n = 6), the R2 was higher up to 0.304 (MEI, r = 0.551). The correlation shows high spread from -0.5 to +0.5 for both MEI/ONI; the highest landings occurred at 0.34-0.45; both indexes suggested that at extreme values 1.1 total landings tend to decrease. Landings were associated up to 21.9 % (MEI) in 2000-2012, 1983-1999 rendered lower R2 (conditions. For the non-linear regression (n = 6) a R2 of 0.374 (MEI) and 0.408 (ONI) were registered, for the 2000-2012, a higher R2 was observed in 1983-1999, 0.443 and 0.711 for MEI and ONI respectively, suggesting that is better to analyze split series (1983-1999, 2000-2012) than as a whole (1983-2012), due to noise produced by the transition from hot to cold PDOs. The highest landings were in the range -0.2 to 0.5 for MEI/ONI. The linear regression of skipjack landings in Ecuador gave an R2 of 0.140 (MEI) and 0.066 (ONI) and the non-linear were 0.440 and 0.183 respectively. Total landings in the EPO associated to oceanographic events of high and low frequencies could be used somehow as predictors of the high El Niño o La Niña. There is a clear evidence that tuna fish biomass are at higher levels when the PDO is on cold phase (2000-2030) and vice versa on warm phase (1980-1999). The analysis of the skipjack catch per unit effort (CPUE) on floating aggregating devices (FADs) suggests higher CPUE on FADs (around 20 mt set-1) when oceanographic indexes ONI/MEI are below

  19. 77 FR 44161 - Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; 2012 Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Quota Specifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-27

    ... the effects of the Deepwater Horizon/BP oil spill and the effects of mixing of eastern and western BFT..._final.pdf ) the Team modeled the potential effect of the Deepwater Horizon/BP oil spill on the future... to be the best scientific information of the effect of the Deepwater Horizon/BP oil spill on...

  20. Food-web inferences of stable isotope spatial patterns in copepods and yellowfin tuna in the pelagic eastern Pacific Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Robert J.; Popp, Brian N.; Graham, Brittany S.; López-Ibarra, Gladis A.; Galván-Magaña, Felipe; Lennert-Cody, Cleridy E.; Bocanegra-Castillo, Noemi; Wallsgrove, Natalie J.; Gier, Elizabeth; Alatorre-Ramírez, Vanessa; Ballance, Lisa T.; Fry, Brian

    2010-07-01

    Evaluating the impacts of climate and fishing on oceanic ecosystems requires an improved understanding of the trophodynamics of pelagic food webs. Our approach was to examine broad-scale spatial relationships among the stable N isotope values of copepods and yellowfin tuna ( Thunnus albacares), and to quantify yellowfin tuna trophic status in the food web based on stable-isotope and stomach-contents analyses. Using a generalized additive model fitted to abundance-weighted-average δ 15N values of several omnivorous copepod species, we examined isotopic spatial relationships among yellowfin tuna and copepods. We found a broad-scale, uniform gradient in δ 15N values of copepods increasing from south to north in a region encompassing the eastern Pacific warm pool and parts of several current systems. Over the same region, a similar trend was observed for the δ 15N values in the white muscle of yellowfin tuna caught by the purse-seine fishery, implying limited movement behavior. Assuming the omnivorous copepods represent a proxy for the δ 15N values at the base of the food web, the isotopic difference between these two taxa, “ ΔYFT-COP,” was interpreted as a trophic-position offset. Yellowfin tuna trophic-position estimates based on their bulk δ 15N values were not significantly different than independent estimates based on stomach contents, but are sensitive to errors in the trophic enrichment factor and the trophic position of copepods. An apparent inshore-offshore, east to west gradient in yellowfin tuna trophic position was corroborated using compound-specific isotope analysis of amino acids conducted on a subset of samples. The gradient was not explained by the distribution of yellowfin tuna of different sizes, by seasonal variability at the base of the food web, or by known ambit distances (i.e. movements). Yellowfin tuna stomach contents did not show a regular inshore-offshore gradient in trophic position during 2003-2005, but the trophic

  1. Public opinions pose barriers for tuna consumption.

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Polanco, José Manuel; Llorente García, Ignacio

    2015-01-01

    Safety and sustainability are key concepts affecting consumers’ decisions on tuna consumption. Although the benefits of consumption exceed the potential negative effects, tuna’s harmful attributes tend to egatively impact purchasing in at-risk groups. For regular individuals, tuna consumption is more influenced by tradition, education or other factors. Overfishing of tuna stocks remains an issue for some consumers. Further development of tuna aquaculture can decrease the presence of methylmer...

  2. Aasta esimene Tuna / Vello Helk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helk, Vello, 1923-2014

    2009-01-01

    ajakiri Tuna, 2009, nr. 1 sisust: Mait Kõivu Trooja sõja aineline essee, Tiina Kala Saare-Lääne piiskopi Johannes Kiveli ametissepühitsemine 1515. aastal, Jaan Rossi artikkel teadlaste panusest muusikasse, Riho Saardi Eesti Kirikute Nõukogu sünnilugu, Vello Salo 1924. aasta 1. detsembri lööksalkade juhtkonnast

  3. Aleksander Loit - Tuna laureaat 2010

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    "Tuna" seitsmendast artklipreemiast. Esimest korda läks preemia väljapoole Eestit. Preemia vääriliseks osutus Aleksander Loidi artikkel "Appihüüd põrgust. Ümberpiiratud Tallinna viimased päevad Rootsi võimu all 2010"

  4. 大西洋中部金枪鱼延绳钓性能评估初步研究%A preliminary study on tuna long-line performance in central Atlantic Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李灵智; 黄洪亮; 刘健; 王磊; 徐国栋; 陈帅

    2012-01-01

    According to the tuna long-line fishery data in central Atlantic Ocean in 2009 and 2010, the selectivity and performance of tuna long-line was analyzed. The results showed that : the tuna lone-line fishing gear had a good species selectivity, the big-eye tuna (Thunnus obesus ) catches and number accounted for 73.67% and 76.00% of the total catches respectively; the larva number proportion of big-eye tuna, yellowfin tuna ( Thunnus albacares ) and swordfish (Xiphias gladius ) were 13. 00%, 25. 97% and 48. 93% respectively; from No. 1 to No. 6 hook, the catch rate of big-eye tuna rose with the increases of hook depth, a slightly decline trend was found from No. 6 to No. 8 hook, the maximum catch rate was 9.46 ind/1000 hooks in No. 6 hook ; the catch rate of No. 3 to No. 8 hook were all more than 7 ind/1000 hooks, which indicated that the utilization rate of No. 1 and No. 2 hook was lower; based on the theory depth of hooks, the mainly distributed water layer of big eye tuna would be 220m - 350m. By adjusting the sag ratio and optimizing the float rope length of tuna lone-line, the hook depth would be closer to the big-eye tuna distribution water layer, which can increase utilization rate of hooks.%利用2009~2010年我国大西洋中部金枪鱼延绳钓调查数据,对金枪鱼延绳钓钓具性能进行评估。结果表明:金枪鱼延绳钓具有较好的种类选择性,大眼金枪鱼渔获量和尾数分别占总渔获量的73.67%和76.00%;大眼金枪鱼(Thunnus obesus)、黄鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus albacares)和剑鱼(Xiphias gladius)未达到性成熟的渔获尾数比例分别为13.00%、25.97%和48.93%;1—6号钓钩,大眼金枪鱼上钩率随钓钩深度增加呈递增趋势,6—8号钓钩上钩率呈递减趋势,6号钓钩上钩率最大为9.46尾/千钩;3号至8号钓钩上钩率均大于7尾/千钩,表明1号和2号钓钩利用率偏低;根据钓钩理论深度,推测大眼金

  5. Tuna and dolphin associations in the North-east Atlantic: Evidence of different ecological niches from stable isotope and heavy metal measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Das, K.; Lepoint, G.; Loizeau, V.; Debacker, V.; Dauby, P.; Bouquegneau, J.M

    2000-02-01

    Associations of tunas and dolphins in the wild are quite frequent events and the question arises how predators requiring similar diet in the same habitat share their environmental resources. As isotopic composition of an animal is related to that of its preys, stable isotope ({sup 13}C/{sup 12}C and {sup 15}N/{sup 14}N) analyses were performed in three predator species from the North-east Atlantic: the striped dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba, the common dolphin Delphinus delphis and the albacore tuna, Thunnus alalunga, and compared to their previously described stomach content. Heavy metals (Cd, Zn, Cu and Fe) are mainly transferred through the diet and so, have been determined in the tissues of the animals. Tuna muscles display higher {delta}{sup 15}N than in common and striped dolphins (mean: 11.4 vs. 10.3%o and 10.4%o, respectively) which reflects their higher trophic level nutrition. Higher {delta}{sup 13}C are found in common (-18.4%o) and striped dolphin (-18.1%o) muscles than in albacore tuna (-19.3%o) probably in relation with its migratory pattern. The most striking feature is the presence of two levels of cadmium concentrations in the livers of the tunas (32 mg kg{sup -1} dry weight (DW) vs. 5 mg kg{sup -1} DW). These two groups also differ by their iron concentrations and their {delta}{sup 15}N and {delta}{sup 13}C liver values. These results suggest that in the Biscay Bay, tunas occupy two different ecological niches probably based on different squid inputs in their diet.

  6. Tuna and dolphin associations in the North-east Atlantic: Evidence of different ecological niches from stable isotope and heavy metal measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Associations of tunas and dolphins in the wild are quite frequent events and the question arises how predators requiring similar diet in the same habitat share their environmental resources. As isotopic composition of an animal is related to that of its preys, stable isotope (13C/12C and 15N/14N) analyses were performed in three predator species from the North-east Atlantic: the striped dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba, the common dolphin Delphinus delphis and the albacore tuna, Thunnus alalunga, and compared to their previously described stomach content. Heavy metals (Cd, Zn, Cu and Fe) are mainly transferred through the diet and so, have been determined in the tissues of the animals. Tuna muscles display higher δ15N than in common and striped dolphins (mean: 11.4 vs. 10.3%o and 10.4%o, respectively) which reflects their higher trophic level nutrition. Higher δ13C are found in common (-18.4%o) and striped dolphin (-18.1%o) muscles than in albacore tuna (-19.3%o) probably in relation with its migratory pattern. The most striking feature is the presence of two levels of cadmium concentrations in the livers of the tunas (32 mg kg-1 dry weight (DW) vs. 5 mg kg-1 DW). These two groups also differ by their iron concentrations and their δ15N and δ13C liver values. These results suggest that in the Biscay Bay, tunas occupy two different ecological niches probably based on different squid inputs in their diet

  7. Value Chain Model Development of Tuna and Tuna Alike In Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ateng Supriatna

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Sustainability of tuna and tuna alike fisheries depend on chain value system formed by stakeholders ranging from product fishing, processing/diversification, distribution, and marketing. The objective of this research was to create chain value system model of tuna and tuna alike fisheries, to predict the interaction pattern of stakeholders and to formulate the precise strategy to minimize the synergy resistance of chain value system development strategy of tuna and tuna alike fisheries. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM was applied to analyze the chain value model. The stakeholders/the players of tuna and tuna alike fisheries basically have positive interaction (CE>0.The negative interaction occured on retailers and consumers. Interaction of retailers with consumers is significant (p<0.05 0.01. Interaction pattern of fishermen, retailers, collectors, and exporters affected significantlly by pricing and the level of role played by the stakeholders. The strategy to minimize the sinergy resistance of chain value system development are respectivelly the strategy of involving the group of fishermen on products pricing (CE= 1,176 and P= 0,000, the strategy of involving the seller groups on products pricing (CE-PE=1,08, CE-PB= 0,766, CE EKS= 2,028 AND P= 0,000, and the strategy on guaranteeing flexible interaction between retailer and consumers (CE= 0,179 and p = 0,01.Keywords: tuna and tuna alike, interaction, tuna and tuna alike stakeholders, and value chain

  8. A continuous time delay-difference type model (CTDDM) applied to stock assessment of the southern Atlantic albacore Thunnus alalunga

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Baochao; Liu, Qun; Zhang, Kui; Baset, Abdul; Memon, Aamir Mahmood; Memon, Khadim Hussain; Han, Yanan

    2016-09-01

    A continuous time delay-diff erence model (CTDDM) has been established that considers continuous time delays of biological processes. The southern Atlantic albacore ( Thunnus alalunga) stock is the one of the commercially important tuna population in the marine world. The age structured production model (ASPM) and the surplus production model (SPM) have already been used to assess the albacore stock. However, the ASPM requires detailed biological information and the SPM lacks the biological realism. In this study, we focus on applying a CTDDM to the southern Atlantic albacore ( T. alalunga) species, which provides an alternative method to assess this fishery. It is the first time that CTDDM has been provided for assessing the Atlantic albacore ( T. alalunga) fishery. CTDDM obtained the 80% confidence interval of MSY (maximum sustainable yield) of (21 510 t, 23 118t). The catch in 2011 (24 100 t) is higher than the MSY values and the relative fishing mortality ratio ( F 2011/ F MSY) is higher than 1.0. The results of CTDDM were analyzed to verify the proposed methodology and provide reference information for the sustainable management of the southern Atlantic albacore stock. The CTDDM treats the recruitment, the growth, and the mortality rates as all varying continuously over time and fills gaps between ASPM and SPM in this stock assessment.

  9. A continuous time delay-difference type model (CTDDM) applied to stock assessment of the southern Atlantic albacore Thunnus alalunga

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Baochao; Liu, Qun; Zhang, Kui; Baset, Abdul; Memon, Aamir Mahmood; Memon, Khadim Hussain; Han, Yanan

    2016-01-01

    A continuous time delay-diff erence model (CTDDM) has been established that considers continuous time delays of biological processes. The southern Atlantic albacore (Thunnus alalunga) stock is the one of the commercially important tuna population in the marine world. The age structured production model (ASPM) and the surplus production model (SPM) have already been used to assess the albacore stock. However, the ASPM requires detailed biological information and the SPM lacks the biological realism. In this study, we focus on applying a CTDDM to the southern Atlantic albacore (T. alalunga) species, which provides an alternative method to assess this fishery. It is the first time that CTDDM has been provided for assessing the Atlantic albacore (T. alalunga) fishery. CTDDM obtained the 80% confidence interval of MSY (maximum sustainable yield) of (21 510 t, 23 118t). The catch in 2011 (24 100 t) is higher than the MSY values and the relative fishing mortality ratio (F 2011/F MSY) is higher than 1.0. The results of CTDDM were analyzed to verify the proposed methodology and provide reference information for the sustainable management of the southern Atlantic albacore stock. The CTDDM treats the recruitment, the growth, and the mortality rates as all varying continuously over time and fills gaps between ASPM and SPM in this stock assessment.

  10. ECRM Bluefin(飞龙)令Nashua电讯再次腾飞

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    保盈科技有限公司

    2003-01-01

    @@ Bluefin(飞龙)激光照排机于2000年9月问世,是专为高出版量、高时效性的出版机构而设计. 到2001年4月,美国新罕布什尔州电讯出版公司从ECRM公司已购买了两套Bluefin(飞龙)激光照排机.

  11. 76 FR 2313 - Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Bluefin Tuna Bycatch Reduction in the Gulf of Mexico Pelagic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-13

    ... (5) minimize negative ecological impacts on non-target or protected species. As required by current..., prohibited HMS, or non-target species both within the specified or potential closure area(s) and throughout... published in the Federal Register (64 FR 29090) final regulations, effective July 1, 1999, implementing...

  12. A simulation framework to evaluate management strategies for Atlantic tunas: a preliminary example based on east Atlantic bluefin

    OpenAIRE

    KELL Laurence T.; Fromentin, Jean-Marc; Gauthiez, F.; Restrepo, Victor

    2000-01-01

    El Grupo de trabajo Ad Hoc sobre el Enfoque Precautorio (SCRS/99/J J) recomendo el desarrollo de un sistema de modelos de simulacion para investigar el comportamiento de las estrategias de ordenacion especificas dei stock bajo varias hipotesis realistas acerca de la poblacion y la dinamica de pesqueria. Este documento describe un modelo de simulacion preliminar basado en el atun rojo dei Atlantico este, que ha sido desarrollado empleando un programa flexible que permite explorar las implicaci...

  13. Global integration of European tuna markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez-Toribio, Ramòn; Guillotreau, Patrice; Mongruel, Rémi

    2010-07-01

    This paper evaluates the degree of integration between the world market and the major European marketplaces of frozen and canned tuna through both vertical and horizontal price relationships. Spatial linkages are investigated horizontally in order to estimate the connection between the European market and the world-wide market on the primary stage of the value chain. One of the key results is the high level of market integration at the ex-vessel stage, and the price leadership of yellowfin tuna over skipjack tuna. The same approach is applied at the ex-factory level. Basically, the European market for final goods appears to be segmented between the Northern countries consuming low-priced canned skipjack tuna imported from Asia (mainly Thailand) and the Southern countries (Italy, Spain) processing and importing yellowfin-based products sold at higher prices. France appears to be an intermediate market where both products are consumed. The former market is found to be well integrated to the world market and can be considered to be competitive, but there is a suspicion of market power being exercised on the latter. Price relationships are therefore tested vertically between the price of frozen tuna paid by the canneries and the price of canned fish in both Italy and France. The two species show an opposite pattern in prices transmission along the value chain: price changes along the chain are far better transmitted for the “global” skipjack tuna than for the more “European” yellowfin tuna. The results are discussed, along with their implications for the fishing industry.

  14. BIOLOGY AND DISTRIBUTION OF THUNNUS OBESUS AND THUNNUS ALBACRES IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA%南海大眼金枪鱼和黄鳍金枪鱼生物学特性及其分布

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯波; 李忠炉; 侯刚

    2014-01-01

    We conducted a longline fishing and operation survey in the South China Sea from March 2010 to February 2013,during which biology and fishing ground of large tuna were studied to understand the current tuna stock in the region.Statistical study with SPSS shows that,for Thunnus obesus,the mean fork length was 111.8 cm in a range of 50-169 cm and mean weight 33.2kg in a range of 2.45-87kg.The relationship between fork length (FL) and weight (W) can be expressed by W=1.74× 10-5FL3.01.Maturity at Ⅱ of the gonad was dominant up to 45.27%.The absolute fecundity was 10.95 to 45.7 million eggs.Feeding intensity was mainly in the class 0 to 2,occupied 77.08%.In spring and summer,the longline fishing grounds for T.obesus were located in the northwestern and central western Nansha waters,while in fall and winter,in Xisha,Zhongsha,and the northwestern Nansha waters.An amount of 90% catch Was from 150 to 400m water layers.For Thunnus albacres,the mean fork length was 107.9cm in a range of 41-180cm,mean weight 27.9kg in range of 1.2-77.5kg.The relationship between fork length and weight can be calculated by W=2.19× 10-5FL2.94.Maturity at Ⅱ to Ⅳ of the gonad was dominant up to 89.01%.The absolute fecundity was 1.5 to 15.4 million eggs.Feeding intensity was mainly in the class 1 to 2,occupied 63.73%.In spring and summer,the longline fishing grounds for T.albacres were located in the northwestern and central western Nansha waters,while in fall and winter,in Xisha,Zhongsha,and the northwestern and central western Nansha waters.An amount of 93.75% catch was from 50 to 350m water layers.The important tuna fishing ground for light purse seine and light falling net distributed in the western Xisha and northwestern Nansha waters.Therefore,we suggest (1) to build cooling sea-water longliners and to shoot shallow longline in the northeastern Xisha waters from August to May,(2) to carry falling net fishing or seine pursing with payaos near islands in the South China Sea

  15. MATERIAL BIOKERAMIK BERBASIS HIDROKSIAPATIT TULANG IKAN TUNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang - Riyanto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Material biokeramik berbasis hidroksiapatit memiliki prospek baru dalam industri elektronika danmikroteknologi masa depan. Hidroksiapatit dengan sumber bahan baku alami merupakan potensi besar,terlebih pemanfaatan limbah tulang ikan tuna yang masih belum dilakukan dengan baik. Teknologi sintesisyang ada juga belum efektif serta karakterisasi materialnya belum banyak dikembangkan. Penelitianini bertujuan mensintesis dan mengetahui karakteristik material biokeramik berbasis hidroksiapatittulang ikan tuna. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengekstraksian hidroksiapatit tulang ikan tuna adalahdengan pemanasan suhu tinggi (sintering. Melalui suhu sintering 700ºC telah dapat dihasilkan materialbiokeramik berbasis hidroksiapatit dari tulang ikan tuna dengan rendemen tertinggi (65,61±2,21% danberwarna putih. Semakin tinggi suhu sintering, semakin tinggi derajat kristalinitasnya, sedangkan denganSEM memperlihatkan partikel penyusunnya berukuran 0,050 μm sampai 0,803 μm dan menyerupaibentuk kristal heksagonal. Nilai kapasitansi mengalami penurunan dengan bertambahnya frekuensi yangdiberikan, dengan nilai tertinggi 0,0061 nF, sedangkan nilai konduktivitas mengalami kenaikan seiringdengan bertambahnya frekuensi dengan nilai terendah 7,73 x 10-5 S/m.Kata kunci: biokeramik, hidroksiapatit, sintering, tulang ikan tuna

  16. 提取黄鳍金枪鱼眼窝肉鱼油的方法比较研究%Comparison of different methods of fish oil extraction from yellowfin tuna orbital meat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶宁萍; 周敏; 王锡昌

    2011-01-01

    以黄鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus albacores 眼窝肉为研究对象,采用隔水蒸煮法、酶解法、碱水解法和超临界CO2(SC-CO2)萃取法提取鱼油,对所得鱼油的理化性质和脂肪酸组成进行分析测定.结果表明:SC-CO2萃取法和酶解法提取率无显著性差异,但明显高于隔水蒸煮法和碱水解法;SC-CO2萃取法获得的鱼油达到我国水产行业SC/T 3502-2000精制鱼油一级标准,其他3种方法达到SC/T 3502-2000粗鱼油二级标准;SC-CO2 萃取法提取的鱼油不饱和脂肪酸含量最高(74.29%),其中含EPA 5.99%、DHA 27.12%.因此,SC-CO2 较其他3种方法提取金枪鱼眼窝肉中鱼油具有显著优势.%Water bath, enzymatic hydrolysis, alkaline hydrolysis and supercritical carbon dioxide (SC -CO2 ) methods were used to extract fish oil from the yellowfin tuna ( Thunnus albacores) orbital meat. The physicochemical properties and fatty acids of unrefined tuna orbital oil were analyzed. The results showed that there was no significant difference between SC -CO2 method and enzymatic hydrolysis method in the oil extraction yield, however, their oil extraction yield were obviously higher than those extracted by water bath and alkaline hydrolysis. The physicochemical properties of tuna orbital oil extracted by SC - CO2 met with the first grade of refined fish oil in China standard ( SC/T 3502 - 2000) , while those extracted by the other three methods met with the secondary grade of unrefined fish oil. The tuna orbital oil extracted by SC- CO2 contained the highest amount of unsaturated fatty acids (74.29%), of which, EPA and DHA were 5.99% and 27.12%, respectively. In general ,the SC -CO2 had obvious superiority in extraction of tuna orbital oil.

  17. Detection Tuna and Processed Products Based Protein and DNA Barcoding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuring Wulansari

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Tuna is the second largest fishery commodity in Indonesia after the shrimp. Since the high demand and the limited stock of tuna resulted in fraudulent chance. Authentication is required to meassure consumers regarding the accuracy of its labeling and food safety. In this study, the authentication was based on protein and DNA barcoding using cytochrome-b gene (cyt-b of the mitochondrial DNA as the target of gene. Primer of cyt b gene was designed based on the tuna species. This study aimed to identify the authenticity of tuna fresh and its processed products through protein using SDS-PAGE and DNA barcoding techniques. The phases of this research were protein electrophoresis by SDS-PAGE, DNA extraction, PCR amplification, electrophoresis and sequencing. Samples of fresh fish (Tu1, Tu2, Tu3, Tu4, and Tu5 and processed tuna (canned and steak were successfully extracted. Result showed that SDS-PAGE proved the damage of proteins in the processed tuna, so this method was not appropriate if it is used to identify the authenticity of tuna. PCR electrophoresis results showed that the samples of tuna, tuna steak, sushi, meat ball, abon, and caned tuna were successfully amplified in the range of 500-750 bp except Ka3, which was in line with the target of DNA (620 bp. Resulted sequences of Tu2, Tu3, Tu4 and Tu5 were identified according the results of morphometric namely T. albacares, while Tu1 was identified as T. obesus with homology level of 99%. Processed tunas (steak and canned tuna were identified as T. albacares, as stated on the labels.

  18. Tuna fishing and a review of payaos in the Philippines

    OpenAIRE

    Dickson, J; Natividad, Ac

    2000-01-01

    Payao is a traditional concept, which has been successfully commercialized to increase the landings of several species valuable to the country's export and local industries. It has become one of the most important developments in pelagic fishing that significantly contributed to increased tuna production and expansion of purse seine and other fishing gears. The introduction of the payao in tuna fishing in 1975 triggered the rapid development of the tuna and small pelagic fishery. With limited...

  19. Detection Tuna and Processed Products Based Protein and DNA Barcoding

    OpenAIRE

    Nuring Wulansari; Mala Nurilamala; Nurjanah

    2015-01-01

    Tuna is the second largest fishery commodity in Indonesia after the shrimp. Since the high demand and the limited stock of tuna resulted in fraudulent chance. Authentication is required to meassure consumers regarding the accuracy of its labeling and food safety. In this study, the authentication was based on protein and DNA barcoding using cytochrome-b gene (cyt-b) of the mitochondrial DNA as the target of gene. Primer of cyt b gene was designed based on the tuna species. This...

  20. Selectivity of hook type on hooking species for the tuna longline fishery in the Southern and Central Indian Ocean%印度洋中南部水域金枪鱼延绳钓钓钩钩型对钓获对象的选择性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱国平; 陈锦淘; 许柳雄; 李攀

    2011-01-01

    Based on the data collected from the fishing ground of tuna longliners in the Southern-central Indian Ocean during September 2008 to April 2009, the present study compares and analyzes the catchability and selectivity to hooking species for 3 hook types(traditional tuna hook, "J"-type hook and circle hook).The results show that (1) for traditional tuna hook, the proportion of bigeye tuna( Thunnus obesus, BET)and blue shark( Prionace glauca,BLS)is higher than other species in the catch composition and "J"-type hook and circle hook have a similar hooking proportion for the above two species, however, for albacore ( Thunnus alalunga, ALB), the traditional tuna hook has the highest hooking proportion and followed by "J"-type hook and circle hook.(2) the traditional tuna hook has the highest survival rate and the "J"-type is lowest for BET, the survival rate of "J"-type hook is slightly higher than that of circle hook and the traditional tuna hook is the lowest for ALB, the survival rate of circle hook is highest and followed by traditional tuna hook and "J"-type hook for BLS.(3) the average fork length(FL) of ALB for "J"-type hook is slightly larger than that of traditional tuna hook and circle hook, traditional tuna hook is larger than circle hook and "J"-type hook for BET and "J"-type is larger than circle hook and traditional tuna hook for BLS.(4) significant difference has not been found for the FL distribution of ALB, BET and BLS for 3 hook types.%基于2008年9月至2009年4月在印度洋中南部水域金枪鱼延绳钓渔场收集的数据,研究分析和比较了3种钓钩钩型(传统金枪鱼钩、"J"形钩和圆形钩)的渔获效益及对钓捕对象的选择性.结果表明:(1)从渔获种类上看,大眼金枪鱼和大青鲨金枪鱼钩钓获比例最高,"J"形钩和圆形钩的钓获比例相当;而长鳍金枪鱼则为金枪鱼钩钓获比例最高,其次为"J"形钩和圆形钩.(2)大眼金枪鱼存活率以金枪鱼钩最高,"J"形钩最低;长鳍

  1. Anti-inflammatory activity of the glandular extracts ofThunnus alalunga

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.K. Azeem; C Dilip; S S Prasanth; V Junise Hanan Shahima; Kumsr Sajeev; C. Naseera

    2010-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the anti-inflamattory activity ofThunnus alalunga by bothin vitro and in vivomethods.Methods: Anti-inflammatory activity of the chloroform water extract ofThunnus alalunga was done by both in vitro andin vivo methods.In vitro method was done by human red blood cells membrane stabilization method(HRBC).In vivoevaluation was estimated on Wister albino rats. Acute toxicity studies were done on the extract and no toxicity was reported.Results:The percentage protection exhibited by 300 mg/mL concentration was more when compared to the other ones. The400 mg/mL concentration showed potent activity on comparison with the standard during in vivo evaluation.Conclusions: In both means of estimation the extract ofThunnus alalunga was found to possess significant anti-inflammatory activity.

  2. KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN HASIL TANGKAPAN SAMPINGAN TUNA LONGLINE DI SAMUDERA HINDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Nugraha

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Tuna longline atau rawai tuna merupakan salah satu alat tangkap yang sangat efektif untuk menangkap tuna. Selain efektif alat tangkap ini juga merupakan alat tangkap yang selektif terhadap hasil tangkapannya. Namun demikian, alat tangkap ini masih menimbulkan suatu masalah dimana ikan hasil tangkapan yang diperoleh tidak semuanya merupakan hasil tangkapan utama (target species, ada sebagian yang merupakan hasil tangkapan sampingan (by-catch. Sebagian besar hasil tangkapan sampingan tuna longline memiliki nilai ekonomis, hanya jenis pari lumpur dan ikan naga yang tidak memiliki nilai ekonomis. Namun demikian, justru yang tidak memiliki nilai ekonomis mendominasi hasil tangkapan sampingan pada perikanan tuna longline. Oleh karena itu perlu adanya tindak lanjut dengan menyusun peraturan atau regulasi yang terkait dengan pengelolaan ikan hasil tangkapan sampingan dan pengelolaan yang benar terhadap hasil tangkapan tersebut beserta habitatnya agar terjaga kelestarian sumberdayanya dan juga tetap menjadi sumber pendapatan masyarakat.Tulisan ini membahas secara ringkas tentang isu hasil tangkapan sampingan pada perikanan tuna longline, komposisi jenisnya, pemanfaatannya dan kebijakannya. Tuna longline is one of the most effective fishing gears to catch tuna. In addition, this fishing gear is selective to catch tuna. However, this gear is still causing a problem where some species other than their target species were caught as by-catch. Most of by-catch species from the tuna longliners have an economic value, except pelagic stingrays and lancetfish. In fact, these by-catch species (non economical-valued species dominated the longline catch. Therefore, it is needed to develop rules or regulations related to the management of the fish by-products, and properly manage the fishing activities on these by-catch species and habitat preservation to preserve its resources and also remain as a source of income. This paper briefly discusses the issue of by

  3. Effect of Storage Temperature on the Outgrowth and Toxin Production of Staphylococcus aureus in Freeze-Thawed Precooked Tuna Meat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kataoka, Ai; Enache, Elena; Napier, Carla; Hayman, Melinda; Weddig, Lisa

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the time for a 3-log CFU/g outgrowth of Staphylococcus aureus and its toxin production in previously frozen precooked tuna meat (albacore [Thunnus alalunga] prepared as loin, chunk, and flake or skipjack [Katsuwonus pelamis] prepared as chunk and flake) held either at 21 or 27°C. A five-strain cocktail of enterotoxin-producing S. aureus was surface inoculated with ∼10(3) CFU/g onto tuna samples. The experimental time-temperature conditions were designed to mimic common industry holding conditions. After a 3-h incubation at 37°C, inoculated samples were individually vacuum sealed and stored at 20°C for 4 weeks. Following frozen storage, samples were thawed to the target temperature (21 or 27°C) and then incubated aerobically. Growth of S. aureus in tuna was then monitored using Baird Parker agar; simultaneously, aerobic plate counts, enterotoxin production, and sensory profile (color and odor) were determined. The results showed that the time for a 3-log CFU/g increase was >20 h at 21°C and 8 to 12 h at 27°C for albacore, with toxin production observed at 14 to 16 h at 21°C and at 8 h at 27°C. A 3-log CFU/g increase for skipjack occurred at 22 to 24 h at 21°C and at 10 to 14 h at 27°C. The toxin production in skipjack started at 20 to 22 h at 21°C and at 8 to 10 h at 27°C. Toxin production was observed before a 3-log increase was achieved in albacore samples at 21°C. Under all conditions, toxins were detected when the cell density of S. aureus was 6 log CFU/g. Overall, significantly faster S. aureus growth was observed in albacore compared with skipjack (P aureus and to design manufacturing controls that ensure food safety.

  4. Mercury in canned tuna: white versus light and temporal variation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are abundant data and advisories for mercury levels in wild fish, but far fewer for commercial fish that compose a large majority of the fish most people eat. Until recently, relatively little attention has been devoted to examining mercury in canned tuna, despite its great importance in human diets. There is substantial media coverage of the benefits and risk from fish consumption, but few peer-reviewed data on canned tuna, the most commonly consumed fish in the United States. In this paper, we examine the levels of total mercury in canned tuna obtained from a New Jersey grocery store from 1998 to 2003, looking for temporal consistency within this data set and particularly for comparison with the Food and Drug Administration's 1991 study. We analyzed 168 cans individually for total mercury. All values are reported as parts per million (=μg/g) on a wet weight basis. In a subset of samples analyzed for total and inorganic mercury, the inorganic mercury was below detection levels; hence at least 89% of the mercury can be considered methylmercury. We found that white-style tuna had significantly more total mercury (mean 0.407 ppm) than light-style tuna (mean 0.118 ppm), presumably reflecting that 'white' tuna is albacore, a species relatively larger than the skipjack tuna, which is commonly available as 'light' or 'chunk light'. The maximum mercury in a can was 0.997 ppm, but 25% of white tuna samples exceeded 0.5 ppm. Data suggest a slight increase in levels since 1991, and mercury levels were significantly higher in 2001 than in other years. The mean level of mercury in white tuna (mean 0.407 ppm) was significantly higher than the mean value of 0.17 ppm currently used by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in its risk assessment and public information. There were no significant differences in mercury levels in tuna packed in oil compared to water. Draining contents had no effect on mercury levels, and the fluid, both oil and water, contained little

  5. Tuna longline fishing around West and Central Pacific seamounts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telmo Morato

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Seamounts have been identified as aggregating locations for pelagic biodiversity including tuna; however the topography and prevailing oceanography differ between seamounts and not all are important for tuna. Although a relatively common feature in oceanic ecosystems, little information is available that identifies those that are biologically important. Improved knowledge offers opportunities for unique management of these areas, which may advance the sustainable management of oceanic resources. In this study, we evaluate the existence of an association between seamounts and tuna longline fisheries at the ocean basin scale, identify significant seamounts for tuna in the western and central Pacific Ocean, and quantify the seamount contribution to the tuna longline catch. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We use data collected for the Western and Central Pacific Ocean for bigeye, yellowfin, and albacore tuna at the ocean basin scale. GLMs were applied to a coupled dataset of longline fisheries catch and effort, and seamount location information. The analyses show that seamounts may be associated with an annual longline combined catch of 35 thousand tonnes, with higher catch apparent for yellowfin, bigeye, and albacore tuna on 17%, 14%, and 14% of seamounts respectively. In contrast 14%, 18%, and 20% of seamounts had significantly lower catches for yellowfin, bigeye and albacore tuna respectively. Studying catch data in relation to seamount positions presents several challenges such as bias in location of seamounts, or lack of spatial resolution of fisheries data. Whilst we recognize these limitations the criteria used for detecting significant seamounts were conservative and the error in identification is likely to be low albeit unknown. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Seamounts throughout the study area were found to either enhance or reduce tuna catch. This indicates that management of seamounts is important Pacific-wide, but management

  6. Report of Didymocystis wedli Ariola, 1902 (Digenea; Didymozoidae from Thunnus albacares in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Kohn

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Didymocystis wedli a parasite from the gills of Thunnus albacares from the coast of the State of Rio de Janeiro, is described by use of light and scanning electron microscopy. This is the first report of this species in Brazil and South America. New data are presented on the surface topography as demonstrated by scanning electron microscopy.

  7. Modificaciones en la grasa del atún blanco (Thunnus alalunga debidas a la fabricación y almacenamiento de su conserva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navarro, María P.

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available Modifications in fatty acid composition in white tuna (Thunnus alalunga ocurring at each stage of the cannig process, boiling and sterilization in soybean oil, were studied. Boiling was performed in brine and two sterilization times (55 and 90 minutes as well as the effects of storage for one year were tested. Boiling had no effect on fatty acid composition or the n-3/n-6 ratio. However canned tuna absorbed soybean oil during sterilization, causing an increase of the percentage of C18:1, C18:2 and C18:3 and a decrease in C20:5 and C22:6. Therefore, unsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids (PS/S ratio changed and the n-3/n-6 ratio declined from 7.03 to 0.59 compared with raw tuna. Due to the whole fat enrichment, canned fish showed a slight loss of PUFA (C20:5 and C22:6 and a increase of C18:1, C18:2 and C18:3. The latter effect was more marked in the preserves as a consequence of one year storage. The convenience of using for cannig an oil containing a lower amount of polyunsaturated fatty acid in order to remain the original n-3/n-6 ratio of the raw tuna is discussed.Se estudiaron los cambios que se producen en la grasa del atún blanco en cada una de las etapas que intervienen en el proceso de fabricación y almacenamiento de su conserva: cocción en salmuera y esterilización practicada en aceite de soja. Se estudiaron dos tiempos diferentes de esterilización (55 y 90 minutos y el almacenamiento por espacio de 1 año. La cocción en salmuera no afectó a la composición en ácidos grasos de los lípidos del pescado ni a la relación n-3/n-6. Sin embargo, durante la esterilización, el atún absorbió el aceite utilizado como cobertura, lo que produjo un aumento porcentual en el nivel de C18:1, C18:2, C18:3 y una disminución en C20:5 y C22:6. La relación ácidos grasos insaturados a saturados (PS/S cambió y la n-3/n-6 disminuyó desde 7,03 a 0,59 comparado con atún crudo. En el pescado en conserva, debido al enriquecimiento total

  8. Application of a Bayesian method to data-poor stock assessment by using Indian Ocean albacore (Thunnus alalunga) stock assessment as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUAN Wenjiang; TANG Lin; ZHU Jiangfeng; TIAN Siquan; XU Liuxiong

    2016-01-01

    It is widely recognized that assessments of the status of data-poor fish stocks are challenging and that Bayesian analysis is one of the methods which can be used to improve the reliability of stock assessments in data-poor situations through borrowing strength from prior information deduced from species with good-quality data or other known information. Because there is considerable uncertainty remaining in the stock assessment of albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) in the Indian Ocean due to the limited and low-quality data, we investigate the advantages of a Bayesian method in data-poor stock assessment by using Indian Ocean albacore stock assessment as an example. Eight Bayesian biomass dynamics models with different prior assumptions and catch data series were developed to assess the stock. The results show (1) the rationality of choice of catch data series and assumption of parameters could be enhanced by analyzing the posterior distribution of the parameters; (2) the reliability of the stock assessment could be improved by using demographic methods to construct a prior for the intrinsic rate of increase (r). Because we can make use of more information to improve the rationality of parameter estimation and the reliability of the stock assessment compared with traditional statistical methods by incorporating any available knowledge into the informative priors and analyzing the posterior distribution based on Bayesian framework in data-poor situations, we suggest that the Bayesian method should be an alternative method to be applied in data-poor species stock assessment, such as Indian Ocean albacore.

  9. Massive consumption of gelatinous plankton by Mediterranean apex predators.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Cardona

    Full Text Available Stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen were used to test the hypothesis that stomach content analysis has systematically overlooked the consumption of gelatinous zooplankton by pelagic mesopredators and apex predators. The results strongly supported a major role of gelatinous plankton in the diet of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus, little tunny (Euthynnus alletteratus, spearfish (Tetrapturus belone and swordfish (Xiphias gladius. Loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta in the oceanic stage and ocean sunfish (Mola mola also primarily relied on gelatinous zooplankton. In contrast, stable isotope ratios ruled out any relevant consumption of gelatinous plankton by bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix, blue shark (Prionace glauca, leerfish (Lichia amia, bonito (Sarda sarda, striped dolphin (Stenella caerueloalba and loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta in the neritic stage, all of which primarily relied on fish and squid. Fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus were confirmed as crustacean consumers. The ratios of stable isotopes in albacore (Thunnus alalunga, amberjack (Seriola dumerili, blue butterfish (Stromaeus fiatola, bullet tuna (Auxis rochei, dolphinfish (Coryphaena hyppurus, horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus, mackerel (Scomber scombrus and pompano (Trachinotus ovatus were consistent with mixed diets revealed by stomach content analysis, including nekton and crustaceans, but the consumption of gelatinous plankton could not be ruled out completely. In conclusion, the jellyvorous guild in the Mediterranean integrates two specialists (ocean sunfish and loggerhead sea turtles in the oceanic stage and several opportunists (bluefin tuna, little tunny, spearfish, swordfish and, perhaps, blue butterfish, most of them with shrinking populations due to overfishing.

  10. Massive consumption of gelatinous plankton by Mediterranean apex predators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardona, Luis; Álvarez de Quevedo, Irene; Borrell, Assumpció; Aguilar, Alex

    2012-01-01

    Stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen were used to test the hypothesis that stomach content analysis has systematically overlooked the consumption of gelatinous zooplankton by pelagic mesopredators and apex predators. The results strongly supported a major role of gelatinous plankton in the diet of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus), little tunny (Euthynnus alletteratus), spearfish (Tetrapturus belone) and swordfish (Xiphias gladius). Loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in the oceanic stage and ocean sunfish (Mola mola) also primarily relied on gelatinous zooplankton. In contrast, stable isotope ratios ruled out any relevant consumption of gelatinous plankton by bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix), blue shark (Prionace glauca), leerfish (Lichia amia), bonito (Sarda sarda), striped dolphin (Stenella caerueloalba) and loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in the neritic stage, all of which primarily relied on fish and squid. Fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) were confirmed as crustacean consumers. The ratios of stable isotopes in albacore (Thunnus alalunga), amberjack (Seriola dumerili), blue butterfish (Stromaeus fiatola), bullet tuna (Auxis rochei), dolphinfish (Coryphaena hyppurus), horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus), mackerel (Scomber scombrus) and pompano (Trachinotus ovatus) were consistent with mixed diets revealed by stomach content analysis, including nekton and crustaceans, but the consumption of gelatinous plankton could not be ruled out completely. In conclusion, the jellyvorous guild in the Mediterranean integrates two specialists (ocean sunfish and loggerhead sea turtles in the oceanic stage) and several opportunists (bluefin tuna, little tunny, spearfish, swordfish and, perhaps, blue butterfish), most of them with shrinking populations due to overfishing. PMID:22470416

  11. 非超低温冻藏金枪鱼理化变化及相关性%Changes in Physicochemical Properties of Meat from Two Different Tuna Varieties during Frozen Storage at Non-Ultralow Temperatures and Correlation Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贡慧; 杨震; 李梦瑶; 刘梦; 李少鹏; 王守伟

    2016-01-01

    At present, limited research is reported on changes in the sensory quality and physicochemical properties of raw and processed tuna products frozen at non-ultralow temperatures. Most previous research focused on bigeye and yellowfin tuna; however, other tuna varieties have been scarcely researched. In this work, changes inK value and metmyoglobin content of meat from southern bluefin tuna and swordfish during frozen storage at non-ultralow temperatures (−18 and−30℃) were detected, and correlation analysis of theK value and sensory quality was carried out. The results showed that during frozen storage at−18℃,K value and metmyoglobin content increased faster and the sensory quality deteriorated more rapidly. Although the flavor and odor did not change obviously, the texture and taste deteriorated significantly. Based on sensory evaluation, the storage period at−18℃ of tuna to be raw eaten was 14 days, while that at −30℃ was more than 70 days.K values after storage at both temperatures were less than 10%. As a result, the use ofK value to evaluate fish freshness under certain conditions needs to be reconsidered.%研究马苏和剑鳍金枪鱼生食产品在-18℃与-30℃非超低温条件下的K值和高铁肌红蛋白相对含量的变化规律,并进行K值与感官品质的相关性分析。结果表明:-18℃条件下金枪鱼生食产品冻藏期内K值和高铁肌红蛋白相对含量上升和感官品质劣化更快;冻藏期间产品滋味、气味变化不明显,但组织结构和口感劣化明显;以感官评价为依据,在-18℃条件下生食终点约为14 d,而-30℃条件下可达70 d以上,此时K值均小于10%,因此以K值作为产品新鲜度评价在特定条件下需要重新审视。

  12. Die Transurethrale Nadel-Ablation der Prostata (TUNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stark L

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available 25 Patienten im Alter von 56?92 Jahren (Durchschnitt: 74,9 mit symptomatischer BPH wurden mittels TUNA therapiert. Das Prostatavolumen betrug 19-160 ml (durchschnittlich 56,6. 14 Patienten (56 % wurden aufgrund eines akuten Harnverhaltes therapiert, 9 Patienten (36 % hatten Restharn zwischen 30 und 700 ml, 2 Patienten (8 % wurden wegen irritativer Symptome behandelt. Bei 4 Patienten wurde die TUNA 2-3 mal wiederholt, bei 5 Patienten kombinierten wir die TUNA mit einer transurethralen Resektion einer Mittellappenhyperplasie. Von den 25 Patienten waren 17 Hochrisikopatienten (ASA III-IV. Die Erfolgsquote betrug 68 %. 6 Patienten (24 % benötigten weiterhin eine transurethrale oder suprapubische Harnableitung, 2 Patienten benötigten eine weitere invasive Therapie. Unsere Ergebnisse bestätigen die TUNA als wirkungsvolle und äußerst nebenwirkungsarme Therapiemöglichkeit bei Patienten mit symptomatischer BPH.

  13. HYDRODYNAMIC ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION OF A SWIMMING BIONIC ROBOT TUNA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A dynamic model for undulatory locomotion was proposed to study the swimming mechanism of a developed bionic robot tuna. On the basis of inviscid hydrodynamics and rigid-body dynamics, the momentum and propulsive force required for propelling the swimming robot tuna's flexible body was calculated. By solving the established dynamic equations and efficiency formula, the swimming velocity and propulsive efficiency of the bionic robot tuna were obtained. The relationship between the kinematic parameters of the robot tuna's body curve and the hydrodynamic performances was established and discussed after hydrodynamic simulations. The results presented in this article can be used to increase the swimming speed, propulsive thrust, and the efficiency of underwater vehicles effectively.

  14. Models of Forecasting Fishing Ground of Thunnus Alalunga in the South Pacific Ocean%南太平洋长鳍金枪鱼渔场预报模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范江涛; 陈新军; 钱卫国; 刘必林

    2011-01-01

    The ablacore {Thunnus alalunga) is one of the main targets in tuna longline fishery in the south Pacific Ocean, and also one of the main fishing targets for Chinese tuna longline fishery. The production data collected from Chinese fishing companies during 2008 to 2009 in the south Pacific ocean, was applied in combination with the environmental data such as the sea surface temperature, water temperature at 105 meter layer, water temperature at 205 meter layer, sea surface height, and chlorophyll a concentration, the habitat suitability curve of each environmental factor for one quarter was established by using a linear regression, and the habitat suitability index model was set up by using arithmetic mean model (AMM) and was applied to forecast the fishing ground. According to the validation with the actual fishing data, the results indicated that the prediction accuracy of this model is above 70%. This forecasting model will play a guide role for fishing in the tuna longline fishery.%长鳍金枪鱼资源是南太平洋金枪鱼渔业的重要目标种类,也是我国金枪鱼延绳钓的主要捕捞对象之一.根据2008-2009年我国海洋渔业公司在南太平洋海域的生产数据,结合表层、105m和205m水层温度,以及海面高度、叶绿素a浓度等海洋环境数据,运用一元非线性回归方法,按季度建立基于各环境因子的长鳍金枪鱼栖息地适应性指数,采用算术平均法获得基于多环境因子的栖息地指数综合模型,并用于中心渔场的预报.通过与实际作业渔场的比较与验证,结果表明:模型预报准确性达到70%以上,具较高渔情预报准确度.

  15. Seasonal variability of temperature profile in Thunnus obesus and Thunnus albacares fishing ground in the Indian Ocean%印度洋大眼金枪鱼和黄鳍金枪鱼渔场水温垂直结构的季节变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨胜龙; 马军杰; 伍玉梅; 唐峰华; 张衡; 周甦芳

    2012-01-01

    temperature of the thermocline topography is large in the south of 10°S and weak below the warm-pool region. The variability of temperature difference from 10 to 200 m, on the annual model is similar to the upper boundary temperature of the thermocline. The spatial distribution of vertical temperature difference is divided by 10°S longitude line. The temperature difference is lower than 10℃ in the south and it is greater than 10℃ in the north. The Analysis results reveal the spatial distribution seasonal characteristic of the upper boundary depth, temperature of the thermocline and vertical temperature difference in major tuna fishing ground of T. obesus and T. albacares in the Indian Ocean, which provide reference to long line production operation in sea of tuna.%为了解印度洋大眼金枪鱼(Thunnus obesus)和黄鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus albacares)主要作业渔场温跃层上界温度、深度和垂直温差时空变化特征,采用2007~2010年Argo温度剖面浮标资料,计算了印度洋大眼金枪鱼、黄鳍金枪鱼主要作业渔场次表层温度和温跃层特征参数.研究认为,温跃层上界深度、温度和10~200 m温差存在明显的季节性变化.5~9月在15°~25°S纬向区域存在一块季节性较深的温跃层上界深度区域;在20°S以南海域,12月至次年4月份温跃层上界深度非常浅;在15°S至赤道纬向区域,尤其是在西部,常年存在一块温跃层较浅的区域.总体而言,温跃层上界深度较深的地方温度相对较低,在2~5月期间,在阿拉伯海东南和孟加拉湾西南形成一块大面积的暖水区;7~9月期间,在15°~25°S,纬向区域因温跃层上界深度较深,从表层至温跃层上界深度温度变化相对较大,温跃层上界温度显著较低.在20°S以南,温跃层上界温度常年都很低.10°S经线方向将水下10 ~200 m垂直温度分成南北两部分,10°S以南部及以北部海区的垂直温差分别大于和小于10℃.分析结果初步揭示

  16. Spatial Patterns and Temperature Predictions of Tuna Fatty Acids: Tracing Essential Nutrients and Changes in Primary Producers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidi R Pethybridge

    Full Text Available Fatty acids are among the least understood nutrients in marine environments, despite their profile as key energy components of food webs and that they are essential to all life forms. Presented here is a novel approach to predict the spatial-temporal distributions of fatty acids in marine resources using generalized additive mixed models. Fatty acid tracers (FAT of key primary producers, nutritional condition indices and concentrations of two essential long-chain (≥C20 omega-3 fatty acids (EFA measured in muscle of albacore tuna, Thunnus alalunga, sampled in the south-west Pacific Ocean were response variables. Predictive variables were: location, time, sea surface temperature (SST and chlorophyll-a (Chla, and phytoplankton biomass at time of catch and curved fork length. The best model fit for all fatty acid parameters included fish length and SST. The first oceanographic contour maps of EFA and FAT (FATscapes were produced and demonstrated clear geographical gradients in the study region. Predicted changes in all fatty acid parameters reflected shifts in the size-structure of dominant primary producers. Model projections show that the supply and availability of EFA are likely to be negatively affected by increases in SST especially in temperate waters where a 12% reduction in both total fatty acid content and EFA proportions are predicted. Such changes will have large implications for the availability of energy and associated health benefits to high-order consumers. Results convey new concerns on impacts of projected climate change on fish-derived EFA in marine systems.

  17. 50 CFR 216.95 - Official mark for “Dolphin-safe” tuna products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Official mark for âDolphin-safeâ tuna... AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Dolphin Safe Tuna Labeling § 216.95 Official mark for “Dolphin-safe... Department of Commerce that may be used to label tuna products that meet the “dolphin-safe” standards...

  18. 76 FR 31351 - Safety Requirements and Manning Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet Vessels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Safety Requirements and Manning Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet... availability of Office of Vessel Activities Policy Letter 11-05 regarding Distant Water Tuna Fleet vessels... allow a distant water tuna fleet vessel to engage foreign citizens under a temporary manning...

  19. Significant histamine formation in tuna ( Thunnus albacares ) at 2 degrees C - effect of vacuum- and modified atmosphere-packaging on psychrotolerant bacteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emborg, Jette; Laursen, B. G.; Dalgaard, Paw

    2005-01-01

    histamine fish poisoning had a histamine concentration of > 7000 mg/kg and this high concentration was most likely produced by psychrotolerant Morganella morganii-like bacteria or by Photobacterium phosphoreum. Similar psychrotolerant M. morganii-like bacteria dominated the spoilage microbiota of fresh MAP...

  20. The relationship between ENSO and spatio-temporal distribution of CPUE of yellowfin tuna(Thunnus albacares) by purse seine in the Eastern Pacific Ocean%ENSO现象与东太平洋黄鳍金枪鱼围网CPUE时空分布的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代丹娜; 刘洪生; 戴小杰; 田思泉

    2011-01-01

    Yellowfin tuna(Thunnus albacares) is a major target species of the tuna purse seine fishery in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.Based on yellowfin tuna purse-seine fisheries data in the Eastern Pacific Ocean(30°N-25°S,75°W-145°W)from 1975 to 2004 and the corresponding Nino3 index(sea surface temperature anomaly),the relationship between ENSO and yellowfin tuna stock abundance and its spatio-temporal distribution are analyzed by using grey relationship analysis method in this study.Preliminary results indicate that ENSO episodes affect the stock abundance and spatio-temporal distribution of yellowfin tuna significantly.During El Nino periods,the fishing gravity center moves to the east and the north,whereas to the west during La Nina periods.There is a negative relationship between Nino3 index and CPUE.Furthermore,there is a siginifcantly regular annual change for the location of fishing gravity center.In the spring and summer,the fishing gravity center turns to the west and to the north,but it moves to the east and the south in the autumn and winter.The CPUE of the spring and summer is higher than that of the autumn and winter.%黄鳍金枪鱼是东太平洋金枪鱼围网渔业中的主要渔获种类之一。根据1975-2004年东太平洋(30°N~25°S,75°W~145°W)黄鳍金枪鱼围网生产统计资料和相应年份的Nino3区的指数,利用灰色关联度方法对ENSO现象与黄鳍金枪鱼资源丰度及时空变化的关系进行了分析。研究结果发现,ENSO现象对东太平洋黄鳍金枪鱼围网资源丰度及时空分布有显著影响,在大部分厄尔尼诺年时,黄鳍金枪鱼围网作业重心会向东、向北移;而拉尼娜年则向西移。Nino3指数与单位捕捞努力量渔获量(CPUE)存在负相关关系。此外,黄鳍金枪鱼

  1. Radiation hydrolysate of tuna cooking juice with enhanced antioxidant properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jong-il; Sung, Nak-Yun; Lee, Ju-Woon

    2012-08-01

    Tuna protein hydrolysates are of increasing interest because of their potential application as a source of bioactive peptides. Large amounts of tuna cooking juice with proteins and extracts are produced during the process of tuna canning, and these cooking juice wastes cause environmental problems. Therefore, in this study, cooking juice proteins were hydrolyzed by irradiation for their utilization as functional additives. The degree of hydrolysis of tuna cooking juice protein increased from 0% to 15.1% at the absorbed doses of 50 kGy. To investigate the antioxidant activity of the hydrolysate, it was performed the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay, and the lipid peroxidation inhibitory and superoxide radical scavenging activities were measured. The FRAP values increased from 1470 μM to 1930 μM and IC50 on superoxide anion was decreased from 3.91 μg/mL to 1.29 μg/mL at 50 kGy. All of the antioxidant activities were increased in the hydrolysate, suggesting that radiation hydrolysis, which is a simple process that does not require an additive catalysts or an inactivation step, is a promising method for food and environmental industries.

  2. Dynamic optimal foraging theory explains vertical migrations of bigeye tuna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Uffe Høgsbro; Sommer, Lene; Evans, Karen;

    2016-01-01

    Bigeye tuna are known for remarkable daytime vertical migrations between deep water, where food is abundant but the water is cold, and the surface, where water is warm but food is relatively scarce. Here we investigate if these dive patterns can be explained by dynamic optimal foraging theory...

  3. Effect of Frozen Storage Temperature on the Quality of Tuna Used for Raw Consumption%冻贮温度对生食金枪鱼品质变化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨震; 贡慧; 史智佳; 刘梦; 李少鹏; 桂春生

    2016-01-01

    This experiment aimed to study the quality changes of tuna at low temperatures. Changes in metmyoglobin content, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARs) value, the freshness indicatorK value and pH ofo-toro from Thunnus atlanticus,Thunnus obesus andTetrapturus audax during storage at −18 and −30℃ were examined. The results showed that with the extension of storage time, the o-toro of all three tuna species exhibited an increase in pH,K value, TBARs value and metmyoglobin content, and all these parameters changed signiifcantly faster at −18℃ than at −30℃. Compared with TBARs value and K value, metmyoglobin content was a better indicator of the eating quality of raw tuna, reaching a level higher than 30% after storage for 14 days at −18℃. In addition, the color of tuna changed from red to reddish brown, suggesting signiifcant deterioration of its sensory quality. But the storage period at −30℃ was up to 28 days.%研究普通冻贮条件下金枪鱼品质变化规律。以大目、黑鳍和红鳍3种金枪鱼前腹肉为研究对象,以高铁肌红蛋白含量、硫代巴比妥酸反应活性物质(thiobarbituric acid reaction substances,TBARs)值、鲜度指标K值、pH值为检测指标,研究其在-18、-30℃条件下金枪鱼品质随时间的变化规律。结果表明:随着贮藏时间的延长,3种金枪鱼的pH值、鲜度指标K值、TBARs值及高铁肌红蛋白含量等指标均呈现上升趋势,且-18℃条件下贮藏的金枪鱼各项指标的变化速率明显高于-30℃条件下贮藏的金枪鱼;相较于TBARs和K值,高铁肌红蛋白含量更能反映金枪鱼生食产品的食用品质;-18℃冻贮金枪鱼14 d时高铁肌红蛋白含量已超过30%,金枪鱼颜色由红色向红褐色转变,感官品质明显劣化,而-30℃冻贮条件下则可达28 d。

  4. 中西太平洋金枪鱼延绳钓主要渔获物垂直结构的初步研究%Vertical distribution of main species captured by tuna longline fishery in the Western and Central Pacific

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾松鹤; 戴小杰; 田思泉; 张艳波

    2015-01-01

    根据2012年7~11月金枪鱼科学观察员在中西太平洋采集的钩位深度以及渔获物的钓获钩位数据,分析了各钩位的上浮率和钓获鱼种的垂直分布结构,并比较了不同鱼种垂直分布的差异性。结果表明:(1)钓钩绝对上浮率变化范围为0.49~44.73 m,相对上浮率的变化范围为0.65%~16.69%,平均绝对上浮率为23.29 m,平均相对上浮率为8.87%。(2)12种主要渔获钓获深度范围差异很大,大'(Lampris guttatus)的平均钓获深度最浅,为75.92 m,蓝枪鱼(Makaira nigricans)的平均钓获深度最深,为228.19 m。聚类分析显示12种主要渔获物可以分成3种垂直分布结构。(3)11种主要兼捕渔获钓获深度均与长鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus alalunga)钓获深度呈显著性差异。%Albacore(Thunnus alalunga),one of the main target species of commercial tuna fishery,has great economic value and a long history of scientific research.However,studies on vertical distribution of pelagic species are rare in China,and this is the first time to study the vertical distribution of pelagic species in the Western and Central Pacific at home and abroad.Information of vertical distribution of pelagic species is important for the development of effective measures to mitigate bycatch, and very helpful for better understanding of the oceanic ecosystem structure and implementation of ecosystem-based fisheries management.Learning this relationship will have a significant impact on both commercial fishing and sustainable development of resource.Data were collected by scientific observer in the Western and Central Pacific from July to December 2012.The operating range was from 06°50′S to 18°00′S,and from 160°48′W to 173°08′W,near the sea of Solomon Islands.There were 98 sets altogether in this area.The catch data contained catch species,fork length,set locations and fishing gear information like length of float

  5. 金枪鱼类耳石微化学研究进展%Otolith microchemistry of tuna species: Research progress.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱国平

    2011-01-01

    Microchemistry analysis of trace elements and isotopes in fishes' calcified substances is an emerging approach to analyze the population structure, life history, and migration environmental history of fishes. With the increasing improvement of the researches and applications of otolith microchemistry , this approach has been a good tool for studying the ecology of tuna species. Currently , the research contents of tuna species' otolith microchemistry mainly include trace elements and isotopes, and the former is the emphasis and hotspot in applied research, playing a vital role in the researches of population partitioning, natal origin, migration environmental history, and life history of tuna species, especially bluefin tuna. However, most of the researches are focusing on the variation of otolith' s Sr/Ca ratio, and there is no final conclusion on the relationships between the frac-tionation of isotopes C and 0 in otolith and the temperature. For the sake of exploiting the huge value of otolith microchemistry, it would be necessary to strengthen the researches on the deposition mechanisms of trace elements in otolith, and to analyze the spatio-temporal variations of various trace elements in otolith by comprehensive research methods.%近年来,基于鱼类钙化物质中微量元素和同位素等微化学成分分析已成为分析鱼类种群结构、生活史及洄游环境史等的一种新兴手段.随着鱼类耳石微化学研究及应用的日渐成熟与完善,该手段也日益成为金枪鱼类生态学研究的良好工具.目前金枪鱼类耳石微化学的研究内容主要包括微量元素和同位素等,其中微量元素是应用研究的重点和热点,其在金枪鱼类,尤其是蓝鳍金枪鱼种群划分、出生源、洄游环境史和生活史分析等方面发挥了重要的作用.但多数研究集中在耳石锶钙比率(Sr/Ca)的变化上,且关于耳石碳氧同位素分馏与温度之间的关系尚无定论.为了开

  6. 基于海表温度和海面高度的东太平洋大眼金枪鱼渔场预测%Forecasting ofBigeye tuna fishing ground in the Eastern Pa-cific Ocean based on sea surface temperature and sea surface height

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈智宾; 陈新军; 汪金涛

    2015-01-01

    The technology research of fishing ground prediction for bigeye tuna in the eastern Pacific and the estab-lishment based on fishing ground prediction model of multiple environmental factors are of great importance for the efficient development and utilization of its resources. Bigeye tuna,Thunnus obesus, is one of the important tunas in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, and also one of the main fishing targets for Chinese tuna longline fishery. In this paper, based on the catch data from longline fishery in the areas (20°N~30°S and 85°~155°W) of Eastern Pacific Ocean during 2009~2011 and the environmental data from remote sensing including sea surface temperature (SST) and sea surface height (SSH), the catch is considered as the suitability index, and the suitability curves based on SST and SSH for one quarter were established by using a non-linear regression. The habitat suitability index model was set up by using arithmetic mean model (AMM), and was validated by using the actual catch data in 2012. The results showed that the fishing ground of bigeye tuna is located in the waters with 24~29℃ SST and 0.4~0.8 m SSH. The SI curve of each factor by using nonlinear regression is significant (P<0.05). Forecast accuracy of fisheries center is 63%, which is a high forecast accuracy. This forecasting model will play a guide role for fishing fleets in the tuna longline fishery.%开展东太平洋大眼金枪鱼(Thunnus obesus)渔场预报技术研究,建立基于多环境因子渔场预报模型,将对该资源的高效开发和利用具有重要的意义。作者根据2009~2011年东太平洋海域(20°N~35°S、85°W~155°W)延绳钓生产统计数据,结合海洋遥感获得的表温(SST)和海面高度(SSH)的数据,运用一元非线性回归方法,以渔获量为适应性指数,按季度分别建立了基于SST和SSH的大眼金枪鱼栖息地适应性指数,采用算术平均法获得基于 SST 和 SSH 环境因子的栖息

  7. Visualizing the Food-Web Effects of Fishing for Tunas in the Pacific Ocean

    OpenAIRE

    Olson, Robert J.; Watters, George M.; Kerim Aydin; Isaac C Kaplan; Jefferson T. Hinke; James F. K. Kitchell

    2004-01-01

    We use food-web models to develop visualizations to compare and evaluate the interactions of tuna fisheries with their supporting food webs in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP) and the central north Pacific (CNP) Oceans. In the ETP and CNP models, individual fisheries use slightly different food webs that are defined by the assemblage of targeted tuna species. Distinct energy pathways are required to support different tuna species and, consequently, the specific fisheries that target differe...

  8. Economic impacts of climate change on tuna fisheries in Fiji Islands and Kiribati

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    This paper discusses the possible economic consequences of a change in the tuna fisheries in the Pacific Ocean resulting from climate change. On the background of Lehodey's (2000) study of potential changes in the tuna fisheries, we survey possible economic impacts in terms of quantities and values and give examples of macroeconomic impacts. The two main effects of climate change on tuna fishing are likely to be a decline in the total stock and a migration of the stock westwards. This will le...

  9. Conservation and Management of Tuna Fisheries in the Indian Ocean and Indian EEZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Satheeshkumar

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The focus of the study is to explore the recent trend and stock status of Indian Ocean and Indian EEZ, and its conservation and sustainable management of tuna fishereis. In the Indian Ocean, tuna catches increased rapidly from about 179 959 t in 1980 to about 832 246 t in 1995. They have continued to increase up to 2005; the catch was 1 318 648 t, forming about 26% of the world catch. However, since 2006 onwards there was a decline in tuna catch and in 2010 the catch was only 1 257 908 t. Tuna production in India which was continued to increase with fluctuations from 63 633 t during 2001-2005, average 78 400 t during 2006-2010, and in 2010 the catch was only 65 863 t. Tuna is an important but not a well managed fishery in the Indian Ocean and Indian EEZ. The Indian Ocean stock is currently overfished and has no proper management regulations aimed at with sustaining the stock. In the present study, sustainable management system is evaluated with information on tuna landings, stock status and major issues on tuna fishery. To address these major issues, appropriate tuna fishing policies are proposed to help sustainable development and management of tuna fishery resource in the Indian Ocean.

  10. Convergent evolution in mechanical design of lamnid sharks and tunas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donley, Jeanine M; Sepulveda, Chugey A; Konstantinidis, Peter; Gemballa, Sven; Shadwick, Robert E

    2004-05-01

    The evolution of 'thunniform' body shapes in several different groups of vertebrates, including whales, ichthyosaurs and several species of large pelagic fishes supports the view that physical and hydromechanical demands provided important selection pressures to optimize body design for locomotion during vertebrate evolution. Recognition of morphological similarities between lamnid sharks (the most well known being the great white and the mako) and tunas has led to a general expectation that they also have converged in their functional design; however, no quantitative data exist on the mechanical performance of the locomotor system in lamnid sharks. Here we examine the swimming kinematics, in vivo muscle dynamics and functional morphology of the force-transmission system in a lamnid shark, and show that the evolutionary convergence in body shape and mechanical design between the distantly related lamnids and tunas is much more than skin deep; it extends to the depths of the myotendinous architecture and the mechanical basis for propulsive movements. We demonstrate that not only have lamnids and tunas converged to a much greater extent than previously known, but they have also developed morphological and functional adaptations in their locomotor systems that are unlike virtually all other fishes. PMID:15129279

  11. PERBAIKAN KINERJA PENANGANAN KARGO IKAN TUNA; Di TERMINAL KARGO BANDAR UDARA INTERNASIONAL SOEKARNO HATTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dony Rahmad Pranoto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were 1 to identify the tuna cargo handling conducted in the export warehouse of PT. XYZ, 2 to determine the main variables that affect the performance of tuna cargo handling in the export warehouse of PT. XYZ, and 3 to determine what policies can be used to improve the performance of tuna cargo handling in the export warehouse of PT. XYZ. This research was conducted by using the descriptive methodology i.e. a discrete simulation model of the process of tuna cargo handling in the export warehouse of PT. XYZ by utilizing ARENA software. In the policy making of tuna cargo handling improvements, the Analytical Network Process, Benefit, Opportunity, Cost, and Risk (ANP BOCR were also used. The simulation results point out that the existing conditions contribute to the delay level of tuna cargo delivery by 12% with the quality level of 22,934%. Delays in tuna cargo delivery have led to an increase in operational costs by 1,5%. ANP BOCR results highlight that opening a special lane for perishable cargo handling will improve the performance of tuna cargo handling in the export warehouse of PT. XYZ. Furthermore, the results of discrete model simulations on the improvement scenario of tuna cargo handling performance show that by opening a special lane for perishable cargo handling, it can ensure delivery schedule to be accurate indicated by the level of on time delivery reaching up to 100%, with an average quality rate of 86.013%. By speeding up the processing period (with an average of 81.519 minutes, the delay of cargo delivery up to 100% will be reduced; therefore, the quality of tuna is maintained in a good condition with the histamine level of 6,7 ppm.Keywords: ANP BOCR, tuna, ARENA simulation system model, air cargo performance, perishable cargo

  12. 50 CFR 216.92 - Dolphin-safe requirements for tuna harvested in the ETP by large purse seine vessels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dolphin-safe requirements for tuna... MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Dolphin Safe Tuna Labeling § 216.92 Dolphin-safe requirements for tuna harvested in the ETP by large purse seine vessels. (a)...

  13. Implications of new economic policy instruments for tuna management in the Western and Central Pacific

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yeeting, A.D.; Bush, S.R.; Ram-Bidesi, V.; Bailey, M.L.

    2015-01-01

    Tuna management in the Western and Central Pacific is complicated by the conflicting interests of countries and agents exploiting tuna resources in the region. Historically, regulatory attempts by Pacific Island Countries to control fishing effort within their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) have me

  14. Can Cooperative Management of Tuna Fisheries in the Western Pacific Solve the Growth Overfishing Problem?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bailey, M.L.; Rashid Sumaila, U.; Martell, S.J.D.

    2013-01-01

    Tuna fisheries in the western and central Pacific Ocean are important globally for both food and economic security. Yellowfin and bigeye tuna stocks in this region are declining, in part due to the juvenile bycatch of these species by the purse seine fishery using floating objects and fish aggregati

  15. Low-temperature transitions in cod and tuna determined by differential scanning calorimetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kristina Nedenskov; Jørgensen, Bo; Nielsen, Jette

    2003-01-01

    Differential scanning calorimetry measurements have revealed different thermal transitions in cod and tuna samples. Transition temperatures detected Lit -11degreesC, -15degreesC and -21degreesC were highly dependent on the annealing temperature. In tuna muscle an additional transition was observed...

  16. 76 FR 3646 - Safety Requirements and Manning Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet Vessels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... notice regarding our public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316... SECURITY Coast Guard Safety Requirements and Manning Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet... availability of a draft policy regarding distant water tuna fleet vessels manning exemption eligibility...

  17. SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE RELATED TO THE BIG EYE TUNA EXISTANCE IN INDIAN OCEAN ON 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARTIWI DIAH SETIAWATI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Indian Ocean, particularly on Southern part of ,Java and Bali was identified for some big pelagic fish. Among all of the big pelagic fishes, big eye tuna is the highest commercial value compare with other species There are several research which studied the relationship between the existence of tuna and environmental factor. Sea Smface Temperature (SST was used as a main oceanographic factor to relate with big eye tuna abundance. SST data \\\\aS derived from Level 3 AQUA M0DIS data. In my paper, 1 use additional simple statistical method to prove that SST and big eye tuna has a good con-elation. I used polynomial regression and geographic information system method to improve correlation value of lhe data. There arc three critical value and four equation. Based on the data analysis, SST has significant value to big eye tuna abundance in Indian Ocean and has high correlation.

  18. 两种延绳钓钓具大眼金枪鱼捕捞效率的比较%A comparison of fishing efficiency on bigeye tuna of two longline fishing gears

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋利明; 杨嘉樑; 胡振新; 吕凯凯

    2011-01-01

    研究延绳钓钓具的有效捕捞努力量和捕捞效率,有助于提高CPUE标准化的精度、减少非目标色种的兼捕.2009年10月-12月,在基里巴斯吉尔伯特群岛海域进行了调查.调查中使用传统钓具和试验钓具.根据各深度段内大眼金枪鱼(Thunnus obesus)的渔获率(CPUE)估计其栖息地偏好指数,利用"确定性栖息地模型"估计捕捞大眼金枪鱼的有效努力量,应用T检验分析该海域延绳钓试验钓具和传统钓具的捕捞效率,对钓具的改进提出建议.结果表明:(1)试验钓具的名义CPUE大于传统钓具的名义CPUE,两种钓具的有效捕捞努力量明显小于各自对应的名义捕捞努力量,且存在显著差异;(2)试验钓具大眼金枪鱼的捕捞效率高于传统钓具;(3)当以大眼金枪鱼为目标鱼种时,建议使用试验钓具,以提高捕捞效率;(4)不同的钓具对同一鱼种的捕捞效率不同,大眼金枪鱼在不同深度段的分布可以估计其环境偏好和钓具的捕捞效率,"确定性栖息地模型"可用于CPUE的标准化以提高有关鱼种资源评估的精度.%It could be beneficial to reducing the incidental catch of non-target species, and improving the accuracy of CPUE standardization to study on the effective fishing effort and fishing efficiency of the longline fishing gears.A survey on tuna longline fishery has been conducted in waters near Gilbert Islands from October to December 2009.The traditional and experimental fishing gears were used in the survey.The bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) nominal CPUE in the different depth classes were used to estimate its habitat preference.The “deterministic habitat based standardization” was applied to estimate the effective fishing effort of the traditional and experimental fishing gears.The difference of the fishing efficiency between the traditional and experimental fishing gears was tested by the T-test.This study suggested that: ( 1 ) There was significant difference between

  19. Assessment of South Pacific Albacore Stock (Thunnus alalunga ) by Improved Schaefer Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Chien-Hsiung; Wang Shyh-Bin

    2006-01-01

    Based on catch and effort data of tuna longline fishery operating in the South Pacific Ocean, the South Pacific albacore stock was assessed by an improved Schaefer model. The results revealed that the intrinsic growth rate was about1.283 74 and carrying capacities vareied in the range from 73 734 to 266 732 metric tons. The growth ability of this species is remarkable. Stock dynamics mainly depends on environmental conditions. The stock is still in good condition. However, the continuous decreasing of biomass in recent years should be noticed.

  20. Predicting the Distribution of Yellowfin Tuna in Philippine Waters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, G. J. P.; Leonardo, E. M.

    2015-12-01

    The Philippines is considered as a major tuna producer in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean, both for domestic consumption and on industrial scale. However, with the ever-increasing demand of growing population, it has always been a challenge to achieve sustainable fishing. The creation of satellite-derived potential fishing zone maps is a technology that has been adopted by advanced countries for almost three decades already and has led to reduction in search times by up to 40%. In this study, a Generalized Additive Model (GAM) is developed to predict the distribution of the Yellowfin tuna species in seas surrounding the Philippines based on the Catch-Per-Unit-Effort (CPUE) index. Level 3 gridded chlorophyll-a and sea surface temperature from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Aqua satellite of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) are the main input parameters of the model. Chlorophyll-a is linked with the presence of phytoplankton, which indicates primary productivity and suggests potential regions of fish aggregation. Fish also prefers to stay in regions where the temperature is stable, thus the sea surface temperature fronts serve as a guide to locate concentrations of fish school. Historical monthly tuna catch data from Western and Central Pacific Commissions (WCPFC) is used to train the model. The resulting predictions are converted to potential fishing zone maps and are evaluated within and beyond the historical time range of the training data used. Diagnostic tests involving adjusted R2 value, GAM residual plots and root mean square error value are used to assess the accuracy of the model. The generated maps were able to confirm locations of known tuna fishing grounds in Mindanao and other parts of the country, as well us detect their seasonality and interannual variability. To improve the performance of the model, ancillary data such as surface winds reanalysis from National Centers for

  1. Génesis de la medicina familiar en Las Tunas

    OpenAIRE

    Maritza Rodríguez Peña; Nancy Rodríguez Pupo

    2014-01-01

    Se realizó una investigación desde los presupuestos de la historia social integral, con el objetivo de analizar momentos importantes de la historia de la medicina familiar en la localidad de Las Tunas. Para la investigación se consultaron diversas fuentes documentales, orales, iconográficas, patrimoniales y bibliográficas, entre ellas la obra de los historiadores de la ciudad y del Ministerio de Salud Pública, así como resultados científicos de proyectos de investigación. Los métodos empleado...

  2. Global pollution monitoring of butyltin compounds using skipjack tuna as a bioindicator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Global pollution monitoring of butyltin in offshore water and open sea were conducted using skipjack tuna as a bioindicator. - Butyltin compounds (BTs) including mono- (MBT), di- (DBT), tri-butyltin (TBT) and total tin (ΣSn), were determined in the liver of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) collected from Asian offshore waters (off-Japan, the Japan Sea, off-Taiwan, the East China Sea, the South China Sea, off-Philippines, off-Indonesia, the Bay of Bengal), off-Seychelles, off-Brazil and open seas (the North Pacific). BTs were detected in all the skipjack tuna collected, suggesting widespread contamination of BTs even in offshore waters and open seas on a global scale. Considering specific accumulation, Sex-, body length- differences and migration of skipjack tuna did not seem to affect BT concentrations, indicating rapid reflection of the pollution levels in seawater where and when they were collected. Skipjack tuna is a suitable bioindicator for monitoring the global distribution of BTs in offshore waters and open seas. High concentrations of BTs were observed in skipjack tuna from offshore waters around Japan, a highly developed and industrialized region (up to 400 ng/g wet weight). Moreover skipjack tuna collected from offshore waters around Asian developing countries also revealed the levels comparable to those in Japan (up to 270 ng/g wet weight) which may be due to the recent improvement in economic status in Asian developing countries. High percentages (almost 90%) of BTs in total tin (ΣSn: sum of inorganic tin+organic tin) were found in the liver of skipjack tuna from offshore waters around Asian developing countries. This finding suggests that the anthropogenic BTs represent the major source of Sn accumulation in skipjack tuna from these regions

  3. Preliminary study on age and growth of north Pacific albacore Thunnus alalunga%北太平洋长鳍金枪鱼年龄与生长初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江建军; 许柳雄; 朱国平; 朱伟俊

    2016-01-01

    The north Pacific albacore Thunnus alalunga is one of the main target species of tuna fisheries,the conservation and management of its resources has caught increasing attention by regional tuna management organizations.The fish age identification is an important content of fishery resources research.There is a need for a simple practical and accurate aging method to document the population structure,age and growth of the north Pacific albacore.We collected 227 vertebrae samples of albacore in the North Pacific between 2013 and 2014,divided them into four groups for age identification in the experiment by different dyeing methods and then used linear model,exponential model and power index model to fit the relationship between the fork length and radius of vertebrae,the best historical and fitting model was chosen to calculate the Von Bertalanffy growth equation for the North Pacific albacore.Results indicated that the fork length of albacore ranged from 52 cm to 104 cm,with the average fork length of 84.79 ±4.951 cm,the dominant fork length (83.1%)was between 81 -90 mm.The fork length of female albacore ranged from 63 cm to 104 cm,with the average fork length 84.43 ±5.274 cm and the dominant length (81.82%)was between 81 -90 mm.The fork length of male albacore ranged from 52 cm to 96 cm,with the average fork length 85 .23 ±4.642 cm and the dominant fork length(80.86%)was between 81 -90 mm.The 5 and 6 age class accounted for 80.86% of the total number sampled .The single factor analysis of variance showes that there is no significant difference among four experiments in the identification of albacore age.However,the AIC index model of experimental group is lower than other three test groups,and it shows that the experimental group can better fit age-fork length relationship for albacore tuna. The Von Bertalanffy growth function is,Lt =109.180 2 [1 -e -0.2587 83(t-1.991 28)],ttp=2.25.%北太平洋长鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus alalunga)是金枪鱼渔业的主要捕捞

  4. Cytochrome Oxidase I (COI) sequence conservation and variation patterns in the yellowfin and longtail tunas

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kunal, S.P.; GirishKumar

    such as (longtail tuna). Although these two are different species, morphological differentiation can only be seen in mature individuals, hence misidentification may result in erroneous data set, which ultimately affect conservation strategies. The mitochondrial DNA...

  5. Determination of element concentration and radioactivity measurements in tuna fish sample

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concentration of 16 elements and the artificial and natural radionuclide levels in Mediterranean homogenate tuna fish (IAEA-350 and IAEA-352 reference materials) have been determined using the instrumental neutron activation method. (Author)

  6. SWFSC/MMTD/ETP: Dolphin-Tuna Tracking Studies (DTTS) 1992-1993

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This research was designed to better understand the nature of the dolphin-tuna bond in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. In this study, researchers attempted to...

  7. STATUS STOK, EKSPLOITASI DAN OPSI PENGELOLAAN SUMBERDAYA IKAN TUNA DI LAUT BANDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustinus Anung Widodo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Laut Banda merupakan salah satu daerah penangkapan tuna yang potensial di Indonesia, Jenis alat tangkap yang digunakan terdiri dari pukat cincin, huhate, rawai tuna, pancing ulur dan pancing tonda. Hasil tangkapan tuna di Laut Banda meliputi cakalang, madidihang dan tuna mata besar. Sumberdaya tuna di Laut Banda diduga masih merupakan sub stok sumberdaya tuna di perairan Pasifik Tengah dan Barat. Hasil kajian stok tuna oleh Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC pada 2012 melaporkan bahwa stok cakalang dan madidihang tidak mengalami overfishing dan overfished, sedangkan tuna mata besar telah mengalami overfishing dan overfished. Hasil penelitian Pusat Penelitian Pengelolaan Perikanan dan Konservasi Sumber Daya Ikan (P4KSI pada 2012 menunjukkan madidihang dan tuna mata besar tertangkap pukat cincin, huhate serta kombinasi pancing ulur permukaan dan pancing tonda pada stadium yuwana, dengan indikasi nilai LcFmsy while YFT and SKJ are not in overfishing or overfished state. It was also reported by RCFMC that the size of catch of those species by various fishing gear indicating that value of Lctuna resource and market preference, so that to the best fishing practice for resource sustainability it is suggestted for tuna management in Banda sea should be not to develop and increase the effort for purse seine and may shift to pole line, hand line and/or troll line are still openated.

  8. Cetaceans and tuna purse seine fisheries in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans : interactions but few mortalities

    OpenAIRE

    Escalle, L.; Capietto, A.; Chavance, Pierre; Dubroca, L.; De Molina, A. D.; Murua, H.; Gaertner, Daniel; Romanov, E.; Spitz, J.; Kiszka, J. J.; Floch, Laurent; Damiano, Alain; Merigot, B

    2015-01-01

    Fisheries bycatch is considered to be one of the most significant causes of mortality for many marine species, including vulnerable megafauna. In the open ocean, tuna purse seiners are known to use several cetacean species to detect tuna schools. This exposes the cetaceans to encirclement which can lead to incidental injury or death. While interactions between fishers and cetaceans have been well documented in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, little is known about these interactions and po...

  9. Modelling the spatial behaviour of a tropical tuna purse seine fleet.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim K Davies

    Full Text Available Industrial tuna fisheries operate in the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, but concerns over sustainability and environmental impacts of these fisheries have resulted in increased scrutiny of how they are managed. An important but often overlooked factor in the success or failure of tuna fisheries management is the behaviour of fishers and fishing fleets. Uncertainty in how a fishing fleet will respond to management or other influences can be reduced by anticipating fleet behaviour, although to date there has been little research directed at understanding and anticipating the human dimension of tuna fisheries. The aim of this study was to address gaps in knowledge of the behaviour of tuna fleets, using the Indian Ocean tropical tuna purse seine fishery as a case study. We use statistical modelling to examine the factors that influence the spatial behaviour of the purse seine fleet at broad spatiotemporal scales. This analysis reveals very high consistency between years in the use of seasonal fishing grounds by the fleet, as well as a forcing influence of biophysical ocean conditions on the distribution of fishing effort. These findings suggest strong inertia in the spatial behaviour of the fleet, which has important implications for predicting the response of the fleet to natural events or management measures (e.g., spatial closures.

  10. CFD Simulation of Flow Features and Vorticity Structures in Tuna-Like Swimming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Liang; SU Yu-min

    2011-01-01

    The theoretical research on the propulsive principle of aquatic animal becomes more important and attracted more researchers to make efforts on it.In the present study,a computational fluid dynamic(CFD)simulation of a three-dimensional traveling-wave undulations body of tuna has been developed to investigate the fluid flow features and vorticity structures around this body when moving in a straight line.The undulation only takes place in the posterior half of the fish,and the tuna-tail is considered as a lunate fin oscillating with the mode combined swaying with yawing.A Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes(BANS)equation is developed,employing a control-volume method and a k-omega SST turbulent model;meanwhile an unstructured tetrahedral grid,which is generated for the three-dimensional geometry,is used based on the deformation of the hind parts of the body and corresponding movement of the tail.We calculated the hydrodynamic performance of tuna-like body when a tuna swims in a uniform velocity,and compared the input power coefficient,output power coefficient and propulsive efficiency of the oscillating tuna-tail with or without body vortex shedding.Additionally,the load distribution on the body,flow features and vorticity structures around the body were demonstrated.The effect of interaction between the body-generated vortices and the tail-generated vorticity on the hydrodynamic performance can be obtained.

  11. CFD simulation of flow features and vorticity structures in tuna-like swimming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Liang; Su, Yu-Min

    2011-03-01

    The theoretical research on the propulsive principle of aquatic animal becomes more important and attracted more researchers to make efforts on it. In the present study, a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation of a three-dimensional traveling-wave undulations body of tuna has been developed to investigate the fluid flow features and vorticity structures around this body when moving in a straight line. The undulation only takes place in the posterior half of the fish, and the tuna-tail is considered as a lunate fin oscillating with the mode combined swaying with yawing. A Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equation is developed, employing a control-volume method and a k-omega SST turbulent model; meanwhile an unstructured tetrahedral grid, which is generated for the three-dimensional geometry, is used based on the deformation of the hind parts of the body and corresponding movement of the tail. We calculated the hydrodynamic performance of tuna-like body when a tuna swims in a uniform velocity, and compared the input power coefficient, output power coefficient and propulsive efficiency of the oscillating tuna-tail with or without body vortex shedding. Additionally, the load distribution on the body, flow features and vorticity structures around the body were demonstrated. The effect of interaction between the body-generated vortices and the tail-generated vorticity on the hydrodynamic performance can be obtained.

  12. Modelling the spatial behaviour of a tropical tuna purse seine fleet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Tim K; Mees, Chris C; Milner-Gulland, E J

    2014-01-01

    Industrial tuna fisheries operate in the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, but concerns over sustainability and environmental impacts of these fisheries have resulted in increased scrutiny of how they are managed. An important but often overlooked factor in the success or failure of tuna fisheries management is the behaviour of fishers and fishing fleets. Uncertainty in how a fishing fleet will respond to management or other influences can be reduced by anticipating fleet behaviour, although to date there has been little research directed at understanding and anticipating the human dimension of tuna fisheries. The aim of this study was to address gaps in knowledge of the behaviour of tuna fleets, using the Indian Ocean tropical tuna purse seine fishery as a case study. We use statistical modelling to examine the factors that influence the spatial behaviour of the purse seine fleet at broad spatiotemporal scales. This analysis reveals very high consistency between years in the use of seasonal fishing grounds by the fleet, as well as a forcing influence of biophysical ocean conditions on the distribution of fishing effort. These findings suggest strong inertia in the spatial behaviour of the fleet, which has important implications for predicting the response of the fleet to natural events or management measures (e.g., spatial closures).

  13. 75 FR 48941 - General Advisory Committee to the U.S. Section to the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-12

    ... Scientific Advisory Subcommittee to the U.S. Section to the Inter- American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC.... Section to the Inter- American Tropical Tuna Commission; Meeting Announcement AGENCY: National Marine... Committee (GAC) and a Scientific Advisory Subcommittee (SAS) to the U.S. Section to the IATTC. The...

  14. Modeling the Spatial Dynamics of International Tuna Fleets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jenny; Hinton, Michael G; Webster, D G

    2016-01-01

    We developed an iterative sequential random utility model to investigate the social and environmental determinants of the spatiotemporal decision process of tuna purse-seine fishery fishing effort in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Operations of the fishing gear mark checkpoints in a continuous complex decision-making process. Individual fisher behavior is modeled by identifying diversified choices over decision-space for an entire fishing trip, which allows inclusion of prior and current vessel locations and conditions among the explanatory variables. Among these factors are vessel capacity; departure and arrival port; duration of the fishing trip; daily and cumulative distance travelled, which provides a proxy for operation costs; expected revenue; oceanographic conditions; and tons of fish on board. The model uses a two-step decision process to capture the probability of a vessel choosing a specific fishing region for the first set and the probability of switching to (or staying in) a specific region to fish before returning to its landing port. The model provides a means to anticipate the success of marine resource management, and it can be used to evaluate fleet diversity in fisher behavior, the impact of climate variability, and the stability and resilience of complex coupled human and natural systems. PMID:27537545

  15. Génesis de la medicina familiar en Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maritza Rodríguez Peña

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó una investigación desde los presupuestos de la historia social integral, con el objetivo de analizar momentos importantes de la historia de la medicina familiar en la localidad de Las Tunas. Para la investigación se consultaron diversas fuentes documentales, orales, iconográficas, patrimoniales y bibliográficas, entre ellas la obra de los historiadores de la ciudad y del Ministerio de Salud Pública, así como resultados científicos de proyectos de investigación. Los métodos empleados partieron de la observación, el análisis histórico-lógico, la síntesis, la inducción y la deducción de la información, que permitieron la sistematización y determinación de los momentos más importantes de este proceso desde su origen en la comunidad primitiva, transitando por diferentes etapas hasta 1984, con la puesta en práctica del Programa del Médico y la Enfermera de la Familia, para el fortalecimiento de la atención primaria de salud, con marcado acento preventivo

  16. Modeling the Spatial Dynamics of International Tuna Fleets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    We developed an iterative sequential random utility model to investigate the social and environmental determinants of the spatiotemporal decision process of tuna purse-seine fishery fishing effort in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Operations of the fishing gear mark checkpoints in a continuous complex decision-making process. Individual fisher behavior is modeled by identifying diversified choices over decision-space for an entire fishing trip, which allows inclusion of prior and current vessel locations and conditions among the explanatory variables. Among these factors are vessel capacity; departure and arrival port; duration of the fishing trip; daily and cumulative distance travelled, which provides a proxy for operation costs; expected revenue; oceanographic conditions; and tons of fish on board. The model uses a two-step decision process to capture the probability of a vessel choosing a specific fishing region for the first set and the probability of switching to (or staying in) a specific region to fish before returning to its landing port. The model provides a means to anticipate the success of marine resource management, and it can be used to evaluate fleet diversity in fisher behavior, the impact of climate variability, and the stability and resilience of complex coupled human and natural systems. PMID:27537545

  17. Leaching of Oil from Tuna Fish Liver by Using Solvent of Methyl-Ethyl Ketone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirna Rahmah Lubis

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Research of oil leaching from Tuna Fish Liver has been carried out by extracting of tuna fish liver in soxhlet by using methyl-ethyl ketone as solvent. Liver of fresh tuna fish is blended, put into soxhlet, and extracted at temperatures of 60oC, 65oC, 70oC, 75oC, and 80oC. After obtaining the oil, separation between solvent and oil is carried out by distillation. Oil obtained is analyzed by testing the yield, acid number, Iodine value, viscosity, and its impurities content. Yield obtained is influenced by temperature and time of leaching. Both variables indicates that the higher the variables, the more fish liver oil obtained. Maximum yield obtained is 25.552% at operating condition of leaching temperature 80oC, and leaching duration of 5 hours.

  18. Notes on helminth parasites of tuna fishes (Scombridae in Brazil Notas sobre los helmintos parásitos del atún (Scombridae en Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Cristina Nascimento-Justo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Four species of Scombridae from the coast of Rio de Janeiro, southwest Atlantic Ocean were found to be parasitized with species of Didymozoidae (Digenea: Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson a new host record for Nephrodidymotrema ahi Yamaguti, 1970, Didymocystis neothunni (Yamaguti, 1970, and Didymozoon longicolle (Yamaguti, 1970; Thunnus obesus (Lowe parasitized by Didymozoon longicolle and reported as a new host for Nephrodidymotrema ahi; Thunnus albacares (Bonaterre parasitized by Nephrodidymotrema ahi, and Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus by Didymozoon longicolle. Measurements, figures, and parameters of infection are presented.Cuatro especies de Scombridae de la costa de Río de Janeiro, suroeste del océano Atlántico, se reportan parasitados con diferentes especies de Didymozoidae (Digenea: Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson un registro de nuevo huésped para Nephrodidymotrema ahi Yamaguti, 1970, Didymocystis neothunni (Yamaguti, 1970 y para Didymozoon longicolle (Yamaguti, 1970; Thunnus obesus (Lowe parasitado por Didymozoon longicolle, se indica como nuevo huésped para Nephrodidymotrema ahi; Thunnus albacares (Bonaterre parasitados por Nephrodidymotrema ahi y Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus por Didymozoon longicolle. Se presentan las mediciones, las figuras y los parámetros de la infección.

  19. Bycatch in the tuna purse-seine fisheries of the western Indian Ocean

    OpenAIRE

    Romanov, Evgeny V.

    2002-01-01

    Bycatch taken by the tuna purse-seine fishery from the Indian Ocean pelagic ecosystem was estimated from data collected by scientific observers aboard Soviet purse seiners in the western Indian Ocean (WIO) during 1986–92. A total of 494 sets on free-swimming schools, whale-shark-associated schools, whale-associated schools, and log-associated schools were analyzed. More than 40 fish species and other marine animals were recorded. Among them only two species, yellow-fin and skipjack tunas, wer...

  20. Reducing the Bitterness of Tuna (Euthynnus pelamis) Dark Meat with Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei ATCC 393

    OpenAIRE

    Bertoldi, Fabiano Cleber; Ernani S. Sant’Anna; Luiz H. Beirão

    2004-01-01

    During the process of canning tuna fish, considerable amounts of dark tuna meat are left over because of its bitterness, which are then used in the production of animal food. Fermentation with Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei ATCC 393 was used as an alternative to reduce this bitter taste. Samples of meat were prepared, vacuum packed and then stored at –18 °C. The frozen dark meat was used immediately after defrosting and the experiment was carried out with 2 and 4 % of NaCl with the addition...

  1. Investigation of Melamine Presence in Canned Tuna Fish by Capillary Zone Electrophoresis Method

    OpenAIRE

    Er Demirhan, Buket; Demirhan, Burak; Yarımkaya Baş, Sezen; Yentür, Gülderen; Bayhan Öktem, Aysel

    2015-01-01

    Melamine is widely used as a chemical in food industry and may lead to kidney damage. The aim of this study was to determine melamine and pH value of 80 canned tuna fish samples of four different brands (A, B, C, D) sold in Ankara, Turkey. Quantitative determination of melamine in canned tuna fish samples was carried out by capillary zone electrophoresis with diode array detector (CZE-DAD). The limits of detection and quantitation for melamine were found to be 0.21 mg kg-1and 0.68 mg kg-1, re...

  2. Synthesis of Monoacylglycerol Rich in Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids from Tuna Oil with Immobilized Lipase AK

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pawongrat, Ratchapol; Xu, Xuebing; H-Kittikun, Aran

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to produce monoacylglycerols (MAG) rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), especially eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), by glycerolysis of tuna oil with lipase AK from Pseudomonas fluorescence immobilized on Accurel EP-100 (IM-AK). tert...... on tuna oil. The temperature was controlled at 45 degrees C. Under these conditions, with a 24 h reaction, the yield of MAG was 24.6%, but containing 56.0 wt% PUFA (EPA and DHA). Stability of the IM-AK was also studied. The hydrolytic activity of the enzyme remained at 88% and 80% of initial activity...

  3. Population genetics of tunas in South China Sea inferred from control regions%南海大眼金枪鱼和黄鳍金枪鱼的群体遗传结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王中铎; 郭昱嵩; 颜云榕; 侯刚; 范艳波; 冯波; 卢伙胜; 刘楚吾

    2012-01-01

    The South China Sea( SCS)surrounded by the first island chain is a semi-enclosed sea linking the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The population genetic features of the two most important economic species,yellowfin tuna( YFT, Thunnus albacares, 17 adults and 44 juveniles) and big eye tuna( BET, T. obesus,22 adults and 4 juveniles)in SCS(11 -12°N,15°N;110 -112°E) ,have been analyzed based on the partial mitochondrial D-loop sequences. Our data supported the following conclusions: (1) both species were high nucleotide variation with very high haplotype diversities(Hd >99% ) .while the evidence from fixation indexes, and cluster trees showed the population diversity of BET was higher than those of YFT; (2) For BET and YFT,the strongest gene flow between populations in SCS and the Indian Ocean were 51.638 and 261.280 10,then the Pacific by 10.868 8 and -50.801 81,respectively;(3) both species obey the sudden expansion model. Contrasted with the unimodal of YFT, the mismatch distribution of BET, as well as the SCS population,were bimodal. Moreover, the spanning time of SCS population of BET was later inferred from the Tau ( = 7. 902) with biggest spanning scale ((0)1/(0)0 = 99 999/14. 752 ). The results should be basic information for fisheries management, fishing quotas determination as well for aquaculture of tuna.%测定了南海西沙和南沙群岛附近海区(11~12°N,15°N;110~112°E)黄鳍金枪鱼61尾(17尾成鱼、44尾幼鱼)和大眼金枪鱼26尾(22尾成鱼、4尾幼鱼)的线粒体基因组控制区部分序列(D-loop),结合GenBank数据库中印度洋、太平洋和大西洋群体的同源数据,分析结果:(1)黄鳍金枪鱼与大眼金枪鱼均具极高的单倍型多样性(Hd>99%),聚类树及群体间分化指数(FST和Snn)表明大眼金枪鱼群体分化程度明显高于黄鳍金枪鱼群体;(2)大眼金枪鱼和黄鳍金枪鱼的南海群体与印度洋群体之间基因流最强(Nm =51.638和261.28010),

  4. The Handling System of Product and Existence of Waste Components in Fishing Operation of Tuna in Bitung, North Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustaruddin Mustaruddin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Handling in fishing vessel is urgent to maintaining the quality of tuna products, while the existenceof waste components can bother the performance of fishing operations. The aims of this research are toevaluate the handling system of tuna products in fishing vessel and to analyze the influences of fishingoperation to the existence of waste components. This research methods are no control chart and regressionmodel approach. Research result shows that the handling system in the fishing operation of tuna in Bitungis not optimum. But the quality of tuna products which landed is still in controlled as shown by amountof rejecting products in UCL-LCL range (0 – 3,63 reject products/processing. The influence of amount oftuna caught per setting (X to existence of bait waste (Y formulated with model Y = - 1,176X+37.794, theinfluence of amount of tuna products (X to the existence of ices remained Y formulated with model Y =- 0,002X + 62,226, and also the influences of fishing operation which deputized by the amount of ABK (X1and number of operating days (X2 to the existence of freshwater remained (Y formulated with model Y= 50,000X1-23,704X2+288,889. The significant impacts are only the influence of amount of tuna productsin existence of ices remained (sigh = 0,036 and number of operating days of the existence of freshwaterremained (sigh = 0,037.Keywords: Bitung, waste components, handling system, tuna

  5. Fish and robot dancing together: bluefin killifish females respond differently to the courtship of a robot with varying color morphs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phamduy, P; Polverino, G; Fuller, R C; Porfiri, M

    2014-09-01

    The experimental integration of bioinspired robots in groups of social animals has become a valuable tool to understand the basis of social behavior and uncover the fundamental determinants of animal communication. In this study, we measured the preference of fertile female bluefin killifish (Lucania goodei) for robotic replicas whose aspect ratio, body size, motion pattern, and color morph were inspired by adult male killifish. The motion of the fish replica was controlled via a robotic platform, which simulated the typical courtship behavior observed in killifish males. The positional preferences of females were measured for three different color morphs (red, yellow, and blue). While variation in preference was high among females, females tend to spend more time in the vicinity of the yellow painted robot replicas. This preference may have emerged because the yellow robot replicas were very bright, particularly in the longer wavelengths (550–700 nm) compared to the red and blue replicas. These findings are in agreement with previous observations in mosquitofish and zebrafish on fish preference for artificially enhanced yellow pigmentation. PMID:25162832

  6. Fish and robot dancing together: bluefin killifish females respond differently to the courtship of a robot with varying color morphs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experimental integration of bioinspired robots in groups of social animals has become a valuable tool to understand the basis of social behavior and uncover the fundamental determinants of animal communication. In this study, we measured the preference of fertile female bluefin killifish (Lucania goodei) for robotic replicas whose aspect ratio, body size, motion pattern, and color morph were inspired by adult male killifish. The motion of the fish replica was controlled via a robotic platform, which simulated the typical courtship behavior observed in killifish males. The positional preferences of females were measured for three different color morphs (red, yellow, and blue). While variation in preference was high among females, females tend to spend more time in the vicinity of the yellow painted robot replicas. This preference may have emerged because the yellow robot replicas were very bright, particularly in the longer wavelengths (550–700 nm) compared to the red and blue replicas. These findings are in agreement with previous observations in mosquitofish and zebrafish on fish preference for artificially enhanced yellow pigmentation. (paper)

  7. Use of tuna industry waste in diets for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, fingerlings: effect on digestibility and growth performance

    OpenAIRE

    Crisantema Hernández; Miguel A. Olvera-Novoa; Domenico Voltolina; Hardy, Ronald W.; Blanca González-Rodriguez; Patricia Dominguez-Jimenez; Martin Valverde-Romero; Samuel Agramon-Romero

    2013-01-01

    During the tuna canning process, about 52~54% of the total weight of the fish is discarded as waste, which can be processed in order to obtain tuna byproducts meal (TBM), or stabilized as tuna silage hydrolysates (TSH). Both products were tested as replacements of soybean meal (SBM), in diets for fingerling male Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Seven test diets were isonitrogenous (35% CP) and isoenergetic (19 kJ g-1): a basal diet contained SBM as main protein source (TSH0); four experime...

  8. CONCENTRATION AND RECOVERY OF PROTEIN FROM TUNA COOKING JUICE BY FORWARD OSMOSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KHONGNAKORN W.

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Tuna cooking processing plants generate large amount of cooking juice containing a significant content of protein. Recovery and concentrating process of this valuable compound together with a low energy consumption process are of interest regarding full utilization concept and green process approach. Forward osmosis (FO was employed in this work to recover and concentrate tuna cooking juice. FO process could increase the protein concentration up to 9% with an average permeate flux of 2.54 L/m2h. The permeate flux however tended to decrease as protein concentration increased due to the impact of osmotic pressure of the feed and fouling on the membrane surface. Since tuna cooking juice consists of protein and minerals, membrane analyses indicated that fouling was more severe compared to the fouling caused by standard bovine serum albumin pure protein. However, the presence of minerals rendered it a quicker and lower energy process by comparison. These results indicated that FO is a promising technique in the recovery and concentration of tuna cooking juice protein.

  9. 76 FR 68332 - International Fisheries; Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Fishing Restrictions in the Eastern Pacific Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-04

    ... coastal fisheries. During the IATTC's 82nd Meeting, IATTC scientific staff showed estimates illustrating a...; Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Fishing Restrictions in the Eastern Pacific Ocean AGENCY: National Marine... proposed rule in the Federal Register (76 FR 560790) to revise regulations at 50 CFR part 300, subpart...

  10. 76 FR 60790 - International Fisheries; Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Fishing Restrictions in the Eastern Pacific Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... coastal fisheries. During the IATTC's 82nd Meeting, IATTC scientific staff showed estimates illustrating a...; Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Fishing Restrictions in the Eastern Pacific Ocean AGENCY: National Marine... Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) on July 7, 2011 (76 FR 39808), to request public comment...

  11. Gender Transformations and Colonial Displacements in Laura Antillano's "Tuna de mar"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Alana

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the trajectories of two characters in Laura Antillano's short story, "Tuna de mar" (1991), as they navigate interrelated systems of power and attempt to position themselves closer to, or further away from, the margins. Set in the late eighteenth century, the tale features a female protagonist who escapes prostitution…

  12. Comparison of Private Incentive Mechanisms for Improving Sustainability of Filipino Tuna Fisheries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tolentino, Frazen; Berentsen, Paul; Bush, Simon; Idemne, Joseph; Babaran, Ricardo; Oude Lansink, Alfons

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzes the influence of three private incentive mechanisms over decision making related to improved sustainability of fishing practices in Filipino tuna fisheries. The three mechanisms compared are the World Wildlife Fund for Nature's fishery improvement project model, Marine Steward

  13. Reproductive biology of yellowfin tuna T. albacares in the west-central Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Guoping; Xu, Liuxiong; Zhou, Yingqi; Song, Liming

    2008-08-01

    Survey of yellowfin tuna in the west-central Indian Ocean was conducted on board of Chinese longliners during 2003, 2004 and 2005, which is a part of Chinese Tuna Fishery Scientific Observer Program (CTFSOP). The reproductive biology has been investigated. A total of 1 023 samples are collected including 417 ovaries and 606 testes. Spawning activities of yellowfin tuna have been studied for both male and female from January to June. The data showed that the average monthly sex ratio is 0.59, and the minimum length at sexual maturity is 101 cm for female and 110 cm for male respectively. Length at 50% sexual maturity is estimated at 113.77 cm for female and 120.20 cm for male, whereas maturation rate is 0.066 cm-1 for female and 0.091 cm-1 for male. Sex ratio by length class indicates that the proportion of male is higher than female’s along with size increasing; for instance, in the group of the body length longer than 145 cm, some females have their body length from 145 to 160 cm and males have their body length at 160 cm and even longer. Statistically, yellowfin tuna has a significant seasonal reproduction.

  14. Examining dolphin hydrodynamics provides clues to calf-loss during tuna fishing

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, Pete

    2004-01-01

    A combination of mathematical modeling and direct observation of the swimming behavior of dolphin mother-calf pairs has shown how the calf can gain much of the energy required for swimming if it is positioned correctly relative to the mother, a situation that may be disrupted during the chases that result from tuna-fishing practices.

  15. Reproductive Biology of Yeilowfin Tuna T. albacares in the West-Central Indian Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Guoping; XU Liuxiong; ZHOU Yingqi; SONG Liming

    2008-01-01

    Survey of yellowfin tuna in the west-central Indian Ocean was conducted on board of Chinese Iongliners during 2003, 2004 and 2005, which is a part of Chinese Tuna Fishery Scientific Observer Program (CTFSOP). The reproductive biology has been investigated. A total of 1023 samples are collected including 417 ovaries and 606 testes. Spawning activities of yellowfin tuna have been studied for both male and female from January to June. The data showed that the average monthly sex ratio is 0.59, and the minimum length at sexual maturity is 101 cm for female and 110 cm for male respectively. Length at 50% sexual maturity is esti- mated at 113.77 cm for female and 120.20 cm for male, whereas maturation rate is 0.066 cm-1 for female and 0.091 cm-1 for male. Sex ratio by length class indicates that the proportion of male is higher than female's along with size increasing; for instance, in the group of the body length longer than 145 cm, some females have their body length from 145 to 160 cm and males have their body length at 160 cm and even longer. Statistically, yellowfin tuna has a significant seasonal reproduction.

  16. Visualizing the Food-Web Effects of Fishing for Tunas in the Pacific Ocean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert J. Olson

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available We use food-web models to develop visualizations to compare and evaluate the interactions of tuna fisheries with their supporting food webs in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP and the central north Pacific (CNP Oceans. In the ETP and CNP models, individual fisheries use slightly different food webs that are defined by the assemblage of targeted tuna species. Distinct energy pathways are required to support different tuna species and, consequently, the specific fisheries that target different tuna assemblages. These simulations suggest that catches of tunas, sharks, and billfishes have lowered the biomass of the upper trophic levels in both systems, whereas increases in intermediate and lower trophic level animals have accompanied the decline of top predators. Trade-offs between fishing and predation mortality rates that occur when multiple fisheries interact with their respective food webs may lead to smaller changes in biomass than if only the effect of a single fishery is considered. Historical simulations and hypothetical management scenarios further demonstrate that the effects of longline and purse seine fisheries have been strongest in upper trophic levels, but that lower trophic levels may respond more strongly to purse-seine fisheries. The apex predator guild has responded most strongly to longlining. Simulations of alternative management strategies that attempt to rebuild shark and billfish populations in each ecosystem reveal that (1 changes in longlining more effectively recover top predator populations than do changes in purse seining and (2 restrictions on both shallow-set longline gear and shark finning may do more to recover top predators than do simple reductions in fishing effort.

  17. Study on the Tuna Long-Line Fishing——An Instance of Chinese Fleet in Eastern Indian Ocean%金枪鱼(Thunnus)延绳钓作业研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶振江; 邢智良; 高志军

    2001-01-01

    This paper reports the situation of the long-line fishi ng whenChina National Fisheries Corporation worked in the eastern Indian Ocean from May, 1997 to May, 1999. The result showed that when calculated by number the yield per month waved from 49 to 175, the highest yield was in September, 1998 and the lowest yield was in May, 1995, the average yield being 116 per boat per year; when calculated by weight (net weight), the yield per month waved from 15 59 to 6306 kg, the highest yield was in Feb.1999, and the lowest yield was in May, 1997. The average yield was 4064 kg per boat per month. The get hooked rate per month fluctuated from 0.47% to 2.28% and the average was 1.02%. There is a prominent difference in boats and months. The average hooks cast by these boats ranged from 5208 to 15558.%报道中国水产总公司金枪鱼船队1997年5月至1999年5月期间在印度洋东部海域进行延绳钓作业的有关情况。结果显示:船均月产量,以尾数计在49~175尾之间波动,最高出现于1998年9月,最低出现于1997年5月,平均116尾/船·月;以重量(纯重)计在1559~6306kg之间波动,最高出现于1999年2月,最低出现于1997年5月,平均达4064kg/船·月。月均上钓率在0.47%~2.28%之间波动,平均1.02%,船间及月间差异显著。船月均下钓5208~15558个。

  18. Extraction of Fish Oil from Yellow Fin Tuna ( Thunnus albacares) head by Protease Hydrolysis%酶解法从黄鳍金枪鱼鱼头中提取鱼油的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘书成; 章超桦; 洪鹏志; 吉宏武

    2007-01-01

    利用蛋白酶酶解法从黄鳍金枪鱼加工的下脚料--鱼头中提取鱼油.以鱼油提取率为指标,选择合适的蛋白酶,研究了酶解工艺条件对提取率的影响.研究结果表明:胰蛋白酶提取鱼油的酶解工艺参数为酶解温度50℃,酶添加量1%,底物浓度1:1,酶解时间4h,酶解pH值8.在此条件下,粗鱼油的提取率为4.22%,理化指标达到了SC/T3502-2000的粗鱼油二级标准,多不饱和脂肪酸总含量高达38.47%,其中DHA和EPA的含量分别为23.63%和4.84%.

  19. Anti-obesity effects of boiled tuna extract in mice with obesity induced by a high-fat diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Youngmin; Kwon, Mi-Jin; Choi, Jeong-Wook; Lee, Min-Kyeong; Kim, Chorong; Jung, Jaehun; Aprianita, Heny; Nam, Heesop; Nam, Taek-Jeong

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the anti-obesity effects of boiled tuna extract in C57BL/6N mice with obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). We determined the anti-obesity effects of boiled tuna extract (100, 200, or 400 mg/kg) on the progression of HFD-induced obesity for 10 weeks. The mice were divided into 5 groups as follows: the normal diet (ND) group (n=10); the HFD group (n=10); the mice fed HFD and 100 mg/kg boiled tuna extract group (n=10); those fed a HFD and 200 mg/kg boiled tuna extract group (n=10); and those fed a HFD and 400 mg/kg boiled tuna extract group (n=10). Changes in body weight, fat content, serum lipid levels and lipogenic enzyme levels were measured. The consumption of boiled tuna extract lowered epididymal tissue weight and exerted anti-obesity effects, as reflected by the serum glucose, triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL‑C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), insulin and leptin levels. In addition, we demonstrated changes in liver adipogenic- and lipogenic-related protein expression by western blot analysis. Boiled tuna extract downregulated the levels of the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α, β and δ (C/EBPα, β, δ), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) adipocyte marker genes. Boiled tuna extract also attenuated adipogenic and lipogenic gene expression, namely the levels of fatty acid synthase (FAS), lipoprotein lipase (LPL), acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), glucose transporter type 4 (Glut4) and phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase α and β (AMPKα, β) in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the consumption of boiled tuna extract restored the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), glutamic-pyruvate transaminase (GPT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) to those of the control group. These results

  20. Anti-obesity effects of boiled tuna extract in mice with obesity induced by a high-fat diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Youngmin; Kwon, Mi-Jin; Choi, Jeong-Wook; Lee, Min-Kyeong; Kim, Chorong; Jung, Jaehun; Aprianita, Heny; Nam, Heesop; Nam, Taek-Jeong

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the anti-obesity effects of boiled tuna extract in C57BL/6N mice with obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). We determined the anti-obesity effects of boiled tuna extract (100, 200, or 400 mg/kg) on the progression of HFD-induced obesity for 10 weeks. The mice were divided into 5 groups as follows: the normal diet (ND) group (n=10); the HFD group (n=10); the mice fed HFD and 100 mg/kg boiled tuna extract group (n=10); those fed a HFD and 200 mg/kg boiled tuna extract group (n=10); and those fed a HFD and 400 mg/kg boiled tuna extract group (n=10). Changes in body weight, fat content, serum lipid levels and lipogenic enzyme levels were measured. The consumption of boiled tuna extract lowered epididymal tissue weight and exerted anti-obesity effects, as reflected by the serum glucose, triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL‑C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), insulin and leptin levels. In addition, we demonstrated changes in liver adipogenic- and lipogenic-related protein expression by western blot analysis. Boiled tuna extract downregulated the levels of the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α, β and δ (C/EBPα, β, δ), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) adipocyte marker genes. Boiled tuna extract also attenuated adipogenic and lipogenic gene expression, namely the levels of fatty acid synthase (FAS), lipoprotein lipase (LPL), acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), glucose transporter type 4 (Glut4) and phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase α and β (AMPKα, β) in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the consumption of boiled tuna extract restored the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), glutamic-pyruvate transaminase (GPT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) to those of the control group. These results

  1. Analysis of null sets (zero cat ch) made by the Mexican tuna pur se seine fleet (20002013)

    OpenAIRE

    Michel J Dreyfus-León; Adán Mejía-Trejo; Juan Carlos Villaseñor-Derbez

    2015-01-01

    The world tuna fishing fleet is dominated by purse seine boats . Purse seine sets are sometimes unsuccessful in capturing fish ; these unsuccessful attempts are known as null sets. Null sets h ave been widely documented and the numbers indicate that they h appen in large proportions. In Mexico, the tuna fishery represents the second most important fishery by volume and value. The frequency of oc currence of null sets during the period 20002013 wa s analyzed to identify the r egions, perio...

  2. Influence of physical damage and freezing on histamine concentration and microbiological quality of yellowfin tuna during processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo García-Tapia

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Yellowfin tuna has a high level of free histidine in their muscle, which can lead to histamine formation by microorganisms if temperature abuse occurs during handling and further processing. The objective of this study was to measure levels of histamine in damaged and undamaged thawed muscle to determine the effect of physical damage on the microbial count and histamine formation during the initial steps of canning processing and to isolate and identify the main histamine-forming microorganisms present in the flesh of yellowfin tuna. Total mesophilic and psicrophilic microorganisms were determined using the standard plate method. The presence of histamine-forming microorganisms was determined in a modified Niven's agar. Strains were further identified using the API 20E kit for enterobacteriaceae and Gram-negative bacilli. Physically damaged tuna did not show higher microbiological contamination than that of undamaged muscle tuna. The most active histamine-forming microorganism present in tuna flesh was Morganella morganii. Other decarboxylating microorganisms present were Enterobacter agglomerans and Enterobacter cloacae. Physical damage of tune during catching and handling did not increase the level of histamine or the amount of microorganisms present in tuna meat during frozen transportation, but they showed a higher risk of histamine-forming microorganism growth during processing.

  3. Are Consumers Willing to Pay More for Sustainable Products? A Study of Eco-Labeled Tuna Steak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guzhen Zhou

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available A high demand for seafood leads to overfishing, harms the long-term health of seafood stocks, and threatens environmental sustainability in oceans. Sustainability certification is one of the major sustainability movements and is known as eco-labeling. For instance, in the tuna industry, leading tuna brands have committed to protecting sea turtles by allowing the tracing of the source of their tuna “from catch to can.” This paper relies on an Internet survey on consumers from Kentucky conducted in July 2010. The survey investigates household-level tuna steak (sashimi grade consumption and examines consumer preferences for eco-labeling (“Certified Turtle Safe” (CTS in this study while mimicking individuals’ seafood procurement processes. A random parameter logit model is utilized, and willingness-to-pay measures are calculated based on model estimation results. It was found that respondents on average preferred turtle-safe-labeled tuna steak and were likely to pay more for it; however, they were less likely to purchase wild-caught species, and insignificant results were found for pre-frozen. Moreover, significant heterogeneities were found across individuals regarding tuna steak purchases. The findings indicate evidence of public support for environmental friendliness, particularly with regard to eco-labeling.

  4. Oligonucleotide indexing of DNA barcodes: identification of tuna and other scombrid species in food products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Botti Sara

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background DNA barcodes are a global standard for species identification and have countless applications in the medical, forensic and alimentary fields, but few barcoding methods work efficiently in samples in which DNA is degraded, e.g. foods and archival specimens. This limits the choice of target regions harbouring a sufficient number of diagnostic polymorphisms. The method described here uses existing PCR and sequencing methodologies to detect mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms in complex matrices such as foods. The reported application allowed the discrimination among 17 fish species of the Scombridae family with high commercial interest such as mackerels, bonitos and tunas which are often present in processed seafood. The approach can be easily upgraded with the release of new genetic diversity information to increase the range of detected species. Results Cocktail of primers are designed for PCR using publicly available sequences of the target sequence. They are composed of a fixed 5' region and of variable 3' cocktail portions that allow amplification of any member of a group of species of interest. The population of short amplicons is directly sequenced and indexed using primers containing a longer 5' region and the non polymorphic portion of the cocktail portion. A 226 bp region of CytB was selected as target after collection and screening of 148 online sequences; 85 SNPs were found, of which 75 were present in at least two sequences. Primers were also designed for two shorter sub-fragments that could be amplified from highly degraded samples. The test was used on 103 samples of seafood (canned tuna and scomber, tuna salad, tuna sauce and could successfully detect the presence of different or additional species that were not identified on the labelling of canned tuna, tuna salad and sauce samples. Conclusions The described method is largely independent of the degree of degradation of DNA source and can thus be applied to

  5. EVALUATION OF TUNA FISHING GROUND IN SOUTHERN COAST OF JAVA - SUMBAWA SEA USING SATELLITE OBSERVED DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MOKHLAS SATIBI

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Potential fishery in territorial water of South Java - Sumbawa Sea has not been exploited maximally. Tuna is one of fisherypotency in the territorial water of South Java - Sumbawa. Tuna is the important economic value because it represent one ofexporting commodity enthused by overseas consumer.Research was conducted in the Southern Java – Sumbawa, Indian Ocean 90 S - 160 S; 1060 E - 1210 E, using fish catch data2003 – 2006. Research location is in the inclusive Region of Fishery Management IX (DKP and PKSPL, 2003. Data weretaken from a daily fish catch of PT. Perikanan Samudra Besar (PSB Benoa Bali 2003 - 2006.Sea level anomaly (SLA data were estimated from Altimetry satellite (Jason 1, wind speed data was from Scatterometersatellite and sea surface temperature (SST data was from Microwave satellite.Based on the result of this research, sea level anomaly of southern coast of Java-Sumbawa was fluctuated according tomonsoon. The highest bigeye tuna fish catched was 40 tuna in June 2003 and the lowest bigeye tuna fish was 2 tuna inNovember 2005. Maximum SLA observe during southeast monsoon was 21.77 cm in august 2005, while minimum SLAobserved during southeast monsoon was -18.15 cm in October 2003. Sea surface temperature of southern coast of Java-Sumbawa also fluctuated according to monsoon. Maximum SST observed during northwest monsoon was 30.450 C in March2006, while minimum SST observed during southeast monsoon was 25.050 C in August 2006. The highest wind speed was10.20 m/sec in June 2004 and the lowest was 2.00 m/sec in October 2004. Wind direction was reversely changed according tomonsoon. Northwest wind monsoon flew eastward and southeast wind monsoon flew westward.Fish production in PT PSB had been done over 4 years since 2003, in northwest and southwest monsoon in constant areaand correlation of linier regression among estimate of fish catching using SLA, SST and wind speed had no correlation. Withfish production during southwest

  6. Application of a Delay-Difference Model for the Stock Assessment of Southern Atlantic Albacore (Thunnus alalunga)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Kui; LIU Qun; KALHORO Muhsan Ali

    2015-01-01

    Delay-difference models are intermediate between simple surplus-production models and complicated age-structured models. Such intermediate models are more efficient and require less data than age-structured models. In this study, a delay-differ- ence model was applied to fit catch and catch per unit effort (CPUE) data (1975–2011) of the southern Atlantic albacore (Thunnus alalunga) stock. The proposed delay-difference model captures annual fluctuations in predicted CPUE data better than Fox model. In a Monte Carlo simulation, white noises (CVs) were superimposed on the observed CPUE data at four levels. Relative estimate error was then calculated to compare the estimated results with the true values of parametersα andβ in Ricker stock-recruitment model and the catchability coefficientq.α is more sensitive to CV thanβandq. We also calculated an 80% percentile confidence interval of the maximum sustainable yield (MSY, 21756t to 23408t; median 22490t) with the delay-difference model. The yield of the southern Atlantic albacore stock in 2011 was 24122t, and the estimated ratios of catch against MSY for the past seven years were approxi-mately 1.0. We suggest that care should be taken to protect the albacore fishery in the southern Atlantic Ocean. The proposed de-lay-difference model provides a good fit to the data of southern Atlantic albacore stock and may be a useful choice for the assessment of regional albacore stock.

  7. 中西太平洋长鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus alalunga)延绳钓渔场分布的时空变化%The Spatio-Temporal Changes in the Long-Line Fishing Grounds of Albacore (Thunnus alalunga) in Western and Central Pacific Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐衍力; 徐湛

    2015-01-01

    Albacore (Thunnus alalunga) is an important economic fish species in the long-line tuna fisheries in western and central Pacific Ocean, and it is also one of the major species that the Chinese long-line fleets target in this area. To explore the spatio–temporal changes in the fishing grounds of albacore and provide guidance to the long-line fishery practice, we studied the relationship between the catch per unit effort(CPUE), the monthly catch and the sea surface temperature(SST), and analyzed the geographical changes in the fishing grounds using the frequentness accumulation method. The statistical analysis was based on the data collected from 10 albacore long-line fishing vessels of China National Fisheries Corporation (CNFC) from Feb. 2011 to Jan. 2012, combined with the environmental factors such as the SST. The results showed that in western and central Pacific Ocean, the temperature at the depth of 200 m and 150 m remained stable in a year but SST fluctuated dramatically and thus had great effects on the distribution of fishing grounds and CPUE. In a year (Feb. 2011 to Jan. 2012) the fishing ground moved periodically from 14°S to 26°S then back to 14°S. To the north of 20°S the fishing ground existed all year long, and the high catch and high CPUE were present in the area where SST was 28–29℃. To the south of 23°S the fishing ground only existed from May to August because the adverse weather conditions in other months imperiled the fishing vessels, and the high catch and high CPUE were present in the area where SST was 22–24℃. In this time window the catch accounted for 27.6% of the yearly total catch while the fishing vessels worked for only 14.4% of the yearly total fishing days. Given the enhanced anti-wind and anti-wave features of fishing vessels and gears, a new sustainable fishing ground of albacore could be explored and exploited to the south of 25°S.%为提高中西太平洋金枪鱼延绳钓渔业作业效率和应对多变的渔业

  8. Numerical Study of Propulsion Mechanism for Oscillating Rigid and Flexible Tuna-Tails

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Yang; Yumin Su; Qing Xiao

    2011-01-01

    Numerical study on the unsteady hydrodynamic characteristics of oscillating rigid and flexible tuna-tails in viscous flow-field is performed.Investigations are conducted using Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations with a moving adaptive mesh.The effect of swimming speed,flapping amplitude,frequency and flexure amplitude on the propulsion performance of the rigid and flexible tuna-tails are investigated.Computational results reveal that a pair of leading edge vortices develop along the tail surface as it undergoes an oscillating motion.The propulsive efficiency has a strong correlation with various locomotive parameters.Peak propulsive efficiency can be obtained by adjusting these parameters.Particularly,when input power coefficient is less than 2.8,the rigid tail generates larger thrust force and higher propulsive efficiency than flexible tail.However,when input power coefficient is larger than 2.8,flexible tail is superior to rigid tail.

  9. Bycatch in the purse seine tuna fisheries in the western Indian Ocean.

    OpenAIRE

    Romanov, E. V.

    1998-01-01

    The yield of associated and dependent species taken as bycatch by the purse seine tuna fishery from the Indian Ocean pelagic ecosystem is estimated from data collected by scientific observers aboard Soviet purse seiners in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO), 1986-1992. A total of 494 sets on free swimming schools, whale shark associated schools, whale associated schools, and log associated schools were analyzed. More than 40 fish species and other marine animals were registered. Among them onl...

  10. Banning is not enough: The complexities of oceanic shark management by tuna regional fisheries management organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana Travassos Tolotti; John David Filmalter; Pascal Bach; Paulo Travassos; Bernard Seret; Laurent Dagorn

    2015-01-01

    Recently, declining populations of several pelagic shark species have led to global conservation concerns surrounding this group. As a result, a series of species-specific banning measures have been implemented by Regional Fishery Management Organizations (RFMOs) in charge of tuna fisheries, which include retention bans, finning bans and trading bans. There are both positive and negative aspects to most management measures, but generally, the positive aspects outweigh the negatives, ensuring ...

  11. Shark Bycatch - Small Scale Tuna Fishery Interactions along the Kenyan Coast.

    OpenAIRE

    Kiilu, B.K.; Ndegwa, S.

    2013-01-01

    In Kenya and to a great extent most parts of the WIO region, shark catches majorly occur as by-catch in artisanal tuna fisheries and prawn trawls, including sport fishing activities. However, the extent to which these various fisheries catch sharks is not known but may be significant. The species structure, distribution, catch rates and levels of fisheries-shark interactions are not well documented. This information is, however, necessary to assess exploitation levels of shark spe...

  12. Changes in the Microstructure of Skipjack Tuna During Frozen Storage and Heat Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Lampila, L. E.; Brown, W D

    1986-01-01

    Samples of fresh, frozen and heat- treated skipjack tuna muscle were observed by scanning electron mieros copy. The photomicrographs were used to assess changes in the microstructure of fish muscle during frozen storage and thermal processing . Differences noted in frozen tissue could be related to the formation of gaps between fibers and the deformation of muscle fibers . No freeze mediated damage to the cell wall was observed at the lower limits, 20,000x, of high resolution scanning electro...

  13. Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Tuna Fisheries in Fiji Islands and Kiribati

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aaheim, Asbjoern; Sygna, Linda

    2000-06-01

    This paper discusses the possible economic consequences of a change in the tuna fisheries in the Pacific Ocean resulting from climate change. On the background of Lehodey's (2000) study of potential changes in the tuna fisheries, we survey possible economic impacts in terms of quantities and values and give examples of macroeconomic impacts. The two main effects of climate change on tuna fishing are likely to be a decline in the total stock and a migration of the stock westwards. This will lead to various changes in the catch in different countries. The price of the fish in the export market may also change as a result. The Pacific islands are generally dependent on fisheries, and may therefore be vulnerable to these changes, although some will probably gain while others will lose. Based on a very simple macroeconomic model, it is shown that the resulting effects for the national economy in general may diverge substantially from the expected. This applies, in particular, if the national economies are inflexible and a large part of the population relies on subsistence production, which is the case for many developing countries. (author)

  14. Isolation of 137-Cs in tuna fish by ammonium phosphomolybdate (AMP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The isolation of 137-Cs in tuna fish (Neithunnus macroptenus) has been carried out using AMP. The energy of 137-Cs was measure using NaI(T1) detector connected to a Multi Channel Analyzer (MCA). In standard solution of 137-Cs with activity 160.74 and 80.37 pCi, the addition of 120 mg AMP and 7 hours of absorption time, caused 97% of 137-Cs in the solution was absorbed. The destruction of tuna fish was carried out using two methods namely by wet destruction with sulfuric acid, nitrit acid and hydrogen peroxid mixture and by wet destruction with hydrogen peroxide. The applications of this technique of tuna fish was carried out by spiking 137-Cs standard into the fish before being destructed. The recovery obtained from wet destruction with H2O2 was about 80%, while from destruction with acid mixtures and H2O2 was only about 47%. (authors). 3 refs, 3 tabs

  15. The Handling System of Product and Existence of Waste Components in Fishing Operation of Tuna in Bitung, North Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustaruddin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Handling in fishing vessel is urgent to maintaining the quality of tuna products, while the existence of waste components can bother the performance of fishing operations. The aims of this research are to evaluate the handling system of tuna products in fishing vessel and to analyze the influences of fishing operation to the existence of waste components. This research methods are no control chart and regression model approach. Research result shows that the handling system in the fishing operation of tuna in Bitung is not optimum. But the quality of tuna products which landed is still in controlled as shown by amount of rejecting products in UCL-LCL range (0 – 3,63 reject products/processing. The influence of amount of tuna caught per setting (X to existence of bait waste (Y formulated with model Y = - 1,176X+37.794, the influence of amount of tuna products (X to the existence of ices remained Y formulated with model Y = - 0,002X + 62,226, and also the influences of fishing operation which deputized by the amount of ABK (X1 and number of operating days (X2 to the existence of freshwater remained (Y formulated with model Y = 50,000X1-23,704X2+288,889. The significant impacts are only the influence of amount of tuna products in existence of ices remained (sigh = 0,036 and number of operating days of the existence of freshwater remained (sigh = 0,037.

  16. 南海产3种金枪鱼普通肉、暗色肉营养成分分析与评价%Analysis and Evaluation of Nutritional Components in Ordinary Muscle and Dark Muscle of Three Species of Tuna from South China Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏阳; 章超桦; 曹文红; 郑惠娜; 郝记明; 刘艳春

    2015-01-01

    比较了南海产青干金枪鱼(Thunnus tonggol)、圆鮀鲣(Auxis tapeinosoma)和鲣(Katsuwonus pelamis)的普通肉、暗色肉营养成分。结果表明,南海产青干金枪鱼、圆鮀鲣、鲣的普通肉粗蛋白(干基)质量分数依次为85.29%、87.72%、84.11%,暗色肉蛋白质质量分数分别为75.34%、81.07%、75.35%。青干金枪鱼普通肉和暗色肉的粗脂肪(干基)质量分数为6.50%和9.38%,圆鮀鲣为2.00%和7.38%,鲣为4.94%和10.26%。暗色肉蛋白质质量分数分别为20.62%、22.03%、21.86%。青干金枪鱼、圆鮀鲣及鲣普通肉和暗色肉的第一限制性氨基酸均为缬氨酸,必需氨基酸评分(AAS)分别为94和82,96和89,90和89;普通肉的蛋白质含量、必需氨基酸含量及 AAS 均高于暗色肉,说明普通肉的蛋白营养价值高于暗色肉。3种金枪鱼的普通肉、暗色肉中均含有许多不饱和脂肪酸,占总脂肪的37%~58%。DHA + EPA含量占总脂肪的17%~28%,且暗色肉中含量高于普通肉。3种金枪鱼的普通肉和暗色肉中均含有丰富的Ca、Fe、Zn等矿物元素。总体评价,南海3种金枪鱼普通肉、暗色肉均营养价值丰富。%The nutritional contents in ordinary muscle and dark muscle ofAuxis tapeinosoma, Katsuwonus pelamis,Thunnus tonggol were analyzed and evaluated. The results showed that the crude protein of ordinary muscle from Auxis tapeinosoma,Katsuwonuspelamis,Thunnustonggol in dry weight were 85.29%, 87.72% and 84.11%, higher than 75.34%, 81.07%, 75.35% of dark muscle, respectively. The crude fat content in dry weight were 6.5%, 2%, 4.94%, lower than 9.38%, 7.38%, 10.26% of dark muscle, respectively. All the first limited amino acid of three tuna was valine. The amino acid score (AAS) of ordinary muscle were 94, 96 and 90, and the AAS of dark muscle were 82, 89, 89, respectively, The higher protein content, essential amino acids content, and amino acid score (AAS) were found in

  17. Influence of Amino Acid Compositions and Peptide Profiles on Antioxidant Capacities of Two Protein Hydrolysates from Skipjack Tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) Dark Muscle

    OpenAIRE

    Chang-Feng Chi; Fa-Yuan Hu; Bin Wang; Zhong-Rui Li; Hong-Yu Luo

    2015-01-01

    Influence of amino acid compositions and peptide profiles on antioxidant capacities of two protein hydrolysates from skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) dark muscle was investigated. Dark muscles from skipjack tuna were hydrolyzed using five separate proteases, including pepsin, trypsin, Neutrase, papain and Alcalase. Two hydrolysates, ATH and NTH, prepared using Alcalase and Neutrase, respectively, showed the strongest antioxidant capacities and were further fractionated using ultrafiltration...

  18. The efficacy of X-ray does on murine norovirus-1 (MNV-1) in pure culture, half-shell oyster, salmon sushi, and tuna salad

    Science.gov (United States)

    In this investigation, we determined the efficacy of X-ray doses on reducing a human norovirus (HuNoV) surrogate [murine norovirus-1 (MNV-1)] in pure culture, half-shell oyster, salmon sushi and tuna salad. The pure culture (phosphate-buffer saline, pH 7.4), half-shell oyster, salmon sushi and tuna ...

  19. Oxygen utilization and the branchial pressure gradient during ram ventilation of the shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus: is lamnid shark-tuna convergence constrained by elasmobranch gill morphology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegner, Nicholas C; Lai, N Chin; Bull, Kristina B; Graham, Jeffrey B

    2012-01-01

    Ram ventilation and gill function in a lamnid shark, the shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus, were studied to assess how gill structure may affect the lamnid-tuna convergence for high-performance swimming. Despite differences in mako and tuna gill morphology, mouth gape and basal swimming speeds, measurements of mako O(2) utilization at the gills (53.4±4.2%) and the pressure gradient driving branchial flow (96.8±26.1 Pa at a mean swimming speed of 38.8±5.8 cm s(-1)) are similar to values reported for tunas. Also comparable to tunas are estimates of the velocity (0.22±0.03 cm s(-1)) and residence time (0.79±0.14 s) of water though the interlamellar channels of the mako gill. However, mako and tuna gills differ in the sites of primary branchial resistance. In the mako, approximately 80% of the total branchial resistance resides in the septal channels, structures inherent to the elasmobranch gill that are not present in tunas. The added resistance at this location is compensated by a correspondingly lower resistance at the gill lamellae accomplished through wider interlamellar channels. Although greater interlamellar spacing minimizes branchial resistance, it also limits lamellar number and results in a lower total gill surface area for the mako relative to tunas. The morphology of the elasmobranch gill thus appears to constrain gill area and, consequently, limit mako aerobic performance to less than that of tunas. PMID:22162850

  20. 热带印度洋大眼金枪鱼渔场时空分布与温跃层关系%Relationship between the temporal-spatial distribution of fish in bigeye tuna fishing grounds and the thermocline characteristics in the tropical Indian Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨胜龙; 张禹; 樊伟; 戴阳

    2012-01-01

    为了解印度洋大眼金枪鱼(Thunnus obesus)温跃层参数适宜分布区间及季节变化,采用Argo浮标剖面温度数据重构热带印度洋各月平均温跃层特征参数,并结合印度洋金枪鱼委员会(IOTC)大眼金枪鱼延绳钓渔业数据,本文绘制r月平均温跃层特征参数和月平均CPUE的空间叠加图,用于分析热带印度洋大眼金枪鱼渔场CPUE时空分布和温跃层特征参数的关系.结果表明,热带印度洋温跃层上界深度、温度和下界深度都具有明显的季节性变化,大眼金枪鱼中心渔场分布和温跃层季节性变化有关.夏季季风期间,高CPUE渔区温跃层上界深度在30~50 m,浅于冬季的50~70 m;温跃层上界温度范围为24~30℃.在冬季季风期间,高CPUE区域对应的温跃层上界温度范围为27~30℃;从马达加斯加岛北部沿非洲大陆至索马里附近海域,温跃层下界深度在170~200 m时的渔区CPUE普遍较高;当深度超过300 m时,CPUE值均非常低.采用频次分析和经验累积分布函数计算其最适温跃层特征参数分布,得出大眼金枪鱼最适温跃层的上界、下界温度范围分别是26~29℃和13~15℃;其上界、下界深度范围分别是30~60 m和140~170m.文章初步得出印度洋大眼金枪鱼中心渔场温跃层各特征参数的适宜分布区间及季节变化特征,为金枪鱼实际生产作业和资源管理提供理论参考.%This study plotted spatial overlay maps to analyze the relationship between bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) distribution in fishing grounds in the tropical Indian Ocean and thermocline characteristics, calculated from monthly temperature profile data from Argo buoys and the monthly CPUE (catch per unit effort) from bigeye tuna longlines. Seasonal variability was observed in the depth of the upper boundary temperature and in the lower boundary depth. Our analysis suggested that the distribution of bigeye tuna was related to these seasonal variations

  1. PRODUCCIÓN Y COMERCIALIZACIÓN DE TUNA EN FRESCO BAJO DIFERENTES MODALIDADES EN HIDALGO, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Jolalpa Barrera, Jose Luis; Aguilar Zamora, Alejandro; Ortiz Barreto, Omar; Garcia Lopez, Luis

    2011-01-01

    El presente estudio se realizó durante el 2006 con los siguientes objetivos: determinar costos de producción y márgenes de comercialización de la tuna en fresco producida en Hidalgo. Para realizar el estudio se utilizó las metodologías desarrolladas por Morris (1990) y por Caldentey y De Haro (2004). En total se aplicaron 60 encuestas, 44 a productores y 16 a comercializadores de tuna. Los resultados muestran la identificación de tres tipos de productores; de los cuales 9% son líderes, el 61%...

  2. Anti-wrinkle effects of a tuna heart H2O fraction on Hs27 human fibroblasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young-Min; Jung, Hee-Jin; Choi, Jae-Sue; Nam, Taek-Jeong

    2016-01-01

    With the increase in life expectancy, there is also growing interest in anti-aging treatments and technologies. The development of anti-aging functional drugs for the skin, and foods from natural sources, may offer solutions to this global matter. Aging involves structural, functional and biochemical changes that occur throughout cells and bodily tissues; the amount of hormones secreted from of all human organs, including the skin, decreases over time. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) genes (MMP-1 and -8) play an important role in the aging of skin fibroblasts. For example, an increased MMP expression causes accelerated aging and the degradation of skin elasticity-related genes. In the present study, we examined the anti-wrinkle effects of tuna heart extract which are mediated through the inhibition of MMPs in skin cells. Generally, tuna contains high concentrations of selenium and antioxidants, which serve to remove free radicals, and is known to delay skin and body aging. In addition, unsaturated fatty acids in tuna help to maintain the natural glossy look of skin, and increase skin elasticity, providing moisture for dry skin. A recent study confirmed the various bio-effects of boiled tuna extract and muscle. However, bioactivity studies using tuna heart are limited. Thus, in the present study, we obtained extracts and fractions of tuna heart, and examined their effects on Hs27 human fibroblast proliferation using an MTS assay. In addition, we measured procollagen type 1 levels and elastase activity, and performed β-galactosidase staining. We then measured the expression levels of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt and MMP-related genes by western blot analysis and RT-PCR. Our results revealed that tuna heart extract decreased MMP expression by upregulating tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and decreasing elastase activity, thus exerting anti-aging and anti-wrinkle effects by increasing collagen synthesis and promoting skin fibroblast

  3. The conservation and management of tunas and their relatives: setting life history research priorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juan-Jordá, Maria José; Mosqueira, Iago; Freire, Juan; Dulvy, Nicholas K

    2013-01-01

    Scombrids (tunas, bonitos, Spanish mackerels and mackerels) support important fisheries in tropical, subtropical and temperate waters around the world, being one of the most economically- and socially-important marine species globally. Their sustainable exploitation, management and conservation depend on accurate life history information for the development of quantitative fisheries stock assessments, and in the fishery data-poor situations for the identification of vulnerable species. Here, we assemble life history traits (maximum size, growth, longevity, maturity, fecundity, spawning duration and spawning interval) for the 51 species of scombrids globally. We identify major biological gaps in knowledge and prioritize life history research needs in scombrids based on their biological gaps in knowledge, the importance of their fisheries and their current conservation status according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List. We find that the growth and reproductive biology of tunas and mackerel species have been more extensively studied than for Spanish mackerels and bonitos, although there are notable exceptions in all groups. We also reveal that reproductive biology of species, particular fecundity, is the least studied biological aspect in scombrids. We identify two priority groups, including 32 species of scombrids, and several populations of principal market tunas, for which life history research should be prioritized following the species-specific life history gaps identified in this study in the coming decades. By highlighting the important gaps in biological knowledge and providing a priority setting for life history research in scombrid species this study provides guidance for management and conservation and serves as a guide for biologists and resource managers interested in the biology, ecology, and management of scombrid species. PMID:23950930

  4. The conservation and management of tunas and their relatives: setting life history research priorities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José Juan-Jordá

    Full Text Available Scombrids (tunas, bonitos, Spanish mackerels and mackerels support important fisheries in tropical, subtropical and temperate waters around the world, being one of the most economically- and socially-important marine species globally. Their sustainable exploitation, management and conservation depend on accurate life history information for the development of quantitative fisheries stock assessments, and in the fishery data-poor situations for the identification of vulnerable species. Here, we assemble life history traits (maximum size, growth, longevity, maturity, fecundity, spawning duration and spawning interval for the 51 species of scombrids globally. We identify major biological gaps in knowledge and prioritize life history research needs in scombrids based on their biological gaps in knowledge, the importance of their fisheries and their current conservation status according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List. We find that the growth and reproductive biology of tunas and mackerel species have been more extensively studied than for Spanish mackerels and bonitos, although there are notable exceptions in all groups. We also reveal that reproductive biology of species, particular fecundity, is the least studied biological aspect in scombrids. We identify two priority groups, including 32 species of scombrids, and several populations of principal market tunas, for which life history research should be prioritized following the species-specific life history gaps identified in this study in the coming decades. By highlighting the important gaps in biological knowledge and providing a priority setting for life history research in scombrid species this study provides guidance for management and conservation and serves as a guide for biologists and resource managers interested in the biology, ecology, and management of scombrid species.

  5. Photobacterium angustum and Photobacterium kishitanii, Psychrotrophic High-Level Histamine-Producing Bacteria Indigenous to Tuna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjornsdottir-Butler, K; McCarthy, S A; Dunlap, P V; Benner, R A

    2016-04-01

    Scombrotoxin fish poisoning (SFP) remains the main contributor of fish poisoning incidents in the United States, despite efforts to control its spread. Psychrotrophic histamine-producing bacteria (HPB) indigenous to scombrotoxin-forming fish may contribute to the incidence of SFP. We examined the gills, skin, and anal vents of yellowfin (n = 3), skipjack (n = 1), and albacore (n = 6) tuna for the presence of indigenous HPB. Thirteen HPB strains were isolated from the anal vent samples from albacore (n = 3) and yellowfin (n = 2) tuna. Four of these isolates were identified as Photobacterium kishitanii and nine isolates as Photobacterium angustum; these isolates produced 560 to 603 and 1,582 to 2,338 ppm histamine in marine broth containing 1% histidine (25°C for 48 h), respectively. The optimum growth temperatures and salt concentrations were 26 to 27°C and 1% salt for P. kishitanii and 30 to 32°C and 2% salt for P. angustum in Luria 70% seawater (LSW-70). The optimum activity of the HDC enzyme was at 15 to 30°C for both species. At 5°C, P. kishitanii and P. angustum had growth rates of 0.1 and 0.2 h(-1), respectively, and the activities of histidine decarboxylase (HDC) enzymes were 71% and 63%, respectively. These results show that indigenous HPB in tuna are capable of growing at elevated and refrigeration temperatures. These findings demonstrate the need to examine the relationships between the rate of histamine production at refrigeration temperatures, seafood shelf life, and regulatory limits. PMID:26826233

  6. Encapsulation of mixtures of tuna oil, tributyrin and resveratrol in a spray dried powder formulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanguansri, Luz; Day, Li; Shen, Zhiping; Fagan, Peter; Weerakkody, Rangika; Cheng, Li Jiang; Rusli, Jenny; Augustin, Mary Ann

    2013-12-01

    Spray dried emulsions are effective for carrying and stabilising combinations of fish oil and tributyrin, fish oil and resveratrol, or fish oil, tributyrin and resveratrol in one formulation. The encapsulation efficiencies were >99% for all three bioactives when a heated mixture of sodium caseinate: glucose: dried glucose syrup matrix (Encapsulant matrix 1) was used. When a heated sodium caseinate: glucose: processed starch matrix (Encapsulant matrix 2) was used, the encapsulation efficiencies were 90-92% for tributyrin and approximately 98% for resveratrol for all formulations but 79-91% for tuna oil where the efficiency was more formulation dependent. There was 84-86% remaining EPA, 85-87% remaining DHA, 85% remaining tributyrin and 94-96% remaining resveratrol after 18 months at 25 °C storage of the spray dried emulsions using Encapsulant matrix 1 across all formulations. In comparison, there was 83-87% remaining EPA and 84-89% remaining DHA, 80-82% remaining tributyrin, and 81-100% remaining resveratrol across all formulations with Encapsulant matrix 2. In vitro studies showed that on sequential exposure to simulated gastric and intestinal fluids, <5% tuna oil was found as triglycerides, but all the tributyrin had been lipolysed. The presence of diglycerides, monoglycerides and free fatty acids in the in vitro digests suggested that lipolysis of tuna oil had occurred. The type of matrix used for encapsulating the bioactives had little effect on the lipolysis of the oils but affected the amount of solvent extractable resveratrol. The ability of delivering mixtures of bioactives within one formulation was demonstrated. PMID:24121865

  7. Some epidemiological and clinical characteristics of solid malignant tumors in children from Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Laffita Estévez

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: cancer has kept up as the second cause of death in Las Tunas pediatric population.Objective: to characterize clinical and epidemiological variables of the cases diagnosed with solid malignant tumors in children seen and treated in the onco-pediatric consultation of “Mártires de Las Tunas” Pediatric Hospital from 2010 to 2014.Methods: a descriptive and retrospective study was carried out in 62 patients with solid malignant tumors in the pediatric population of Las Tunas province, from January, 2010 to December, 2014. The variables considered were: presumptive diagnosis, age, family history of tumors, clinical signs of alarm related to the tumor at the moment of diagnosis and investigations to confirm the diagnosis.  Results: non-Hodgkin lymphoma was the most frequently diagnosed tumor, with a 19, 35% of the patients. The most affected age group was between 11 and 14 years old, with a 33, 87%. The 16, 13% of the patients had family history of solid malignant tumors. The most frequent form of presentation was the abdominal tumor, with 29, 03 %. Abdominal ultrasound and computerized axial tomography were the most used complementary diagnostic means, both in the 17, 74% of the patients. Biopsy was used to confirm the 96, 77% of the cases.Conclusions: the clinical and epidemiological variables were characterized in pediatric patients diagnosed with solid malignant tumors in Las Tunas. Children between 11 and 14 years old and family history of malignant tumors were the most significant findings.

  8. Incidencia de los defectos congénitos asociados al uso de medicamentos en Las Tunas

    OpenAIRE

    Glenys K. Silva Gonzalez; Yurima Rodriguez Peña; Juana Lupe Muñoz Callol; Elibett Carcases Carcases; Lisset del Carmen Romero Portelles

    2015-01-01

    La Red de Genética Nacional estableció un sistema de vigilancia pre y postnatal, para evaluar los efectos potenciales de la medicación en aquellas gestantes que ocasionalmente o de manera permanente ingieren fármacos durante el embarazo. En la provincia de Las Tunas se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo para describir la incidencia de defectos congénitos en la etapa prenatal y al nacimiento de los fetos en las mujeres que consumieron algún medicamento en el primer trimestre del embar...

  9. Report on the intercomparison run IAEA-352 radionuclides in tuna fish flesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of an intercomparison exercise on a sample of tuna fish flesh from the Mediterranean Sea, IAEA-352, designed for the determination of artificial and natural radionuclides levels, are reported. The data from 63 laboratories from 31 countries have been evaluated. The following are the recommended values, with confidence intervals, for the most frequently measured radionuclides (Reference data: 1 January 1989): 137Cs 2.7 Bq kg-1, 90Sr 0.2 Bq Kg-1, 40K 391 Bq Kg-1, 210Pb 0.6 Bq Kg-1, 210Po 2.2 Bq Kg-1. Tabs

  10. Lead, cadmium, arsenic and mercury in canned tuna fish marketed in Tehran, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andayesh, Shirin; Hadiani, Mohammad Rasoul; Mousavi, Zahra; Shoeibi, Shahram

    2015-01-01

    Fifty-four canned tuna fish samples corresponding to 10 widely used different brands were purchased from local markets in Tehran, Iran during 2012-2013 and analysed on heavy metals. Mercury was determined by a direct mercury analyser without any sample preparation. For analysis of other elements samples were digested using a microwave apparatus. Lead and cadmium were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry and arsenic via hydride vapour generation. All samples had arsenic and mercury contamination. Arsenic levels showed a range of 0.25-1.42 mg kg(-1), which might be due to lack of national and international limits for arsenic in canned tuna fish. Lead and cadmium were measured in a small number of samples with a mean of 0.053 ± 0.058 mg kg(-1) and 0.013 ± 0.015 mg kg(-1), respectively. Results obtained for these heavy metals in all samples were lower than the corresponding limits, whereas arsenic and mercury contents might raise some attention.

  11. From forager tracks to prey distributions: an application to tuna vessel monitoring systems (VMS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Emily; Rivoirard, Jacques; Gaspar, Philippe; Bez, Nicolas

    2015-04-01

    In the open ocean, movements of migratory fish populations are typically surveyed using tagging methods that are subject to low sample sizes for archive tags, except for a few notable examples, and poor temporal resolution for conventional tags. Alternatively, one can infer patterns of movement of migratory fish by tracking movements of their predators, i.e., fishing vessels, whose navigational systems (e.g., GPS) provide accurate and frequent VMS (vessel monitoring system) records of movement in pursuit of prey. In this paper, we develop a state-space model that infers the foraging activities of fishing vessels from their tracks. Second, we link foraging activities to probabilities of tuna presence. Finally, using multivariate geostatistical interpolation (cokriging) we map the probability of tuna presence together with their estimation variances and produce a time series of indices of abundance. While the segmentation of the trajectories is validated by observers' data, the present VMS-index is compared to catch rate and proved to be useful for management perspectives. The approach reported in this manuscript extends beyond the case study considered. It can be applied to any foragers that engage in an attempt of capture when they see prey and for whom this attempt is linked to a tractable change in behavior.

  12. 78 FR 20604 - Enhanced Document Requirements To Support Use of the Dolphin Safe Label on Tuna Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-05

    ... Requirements To Support Use of the Dolphin Safe Label on Tuna Products AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries...; request for comments. SUMMARY: NMFS proposes to revise regulations under the Dolphin Protection Consumer... represent the product as dolphin-safe. This proposed rule would modify the requirements for...

  13. 78 FR 40997 - Enhanced Document Requirements To Support Use of the Dolphin Safe Label on Tuna Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... April 5, 2013, NMFS published a proposed rule in the Federal Register (78 FR 20604) to revise... conformity with the TBT Agreement. In response to this finding, NMFS proposed (78 FR 20604; April 5, 2013) to... Requirements To Support Use of the Dolphin Safe Label on Tuna Products AGENCY: National Marine...

  14. Field biology of Halimeda tuna (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) across a depth gradient : comparative growth, survivorship, recruitment, and reproduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vroom, P.S.; Smith, C.M.; Coyer, J.A.; Walters, L.; Hunter, C.L.; Beach, K.S.; Smith, J.E.

    2003-01-01

    Growth, survivorship, recruitment, and reproduction of Halimeda tuna, a dominant green alga in many reef systems of the Florida Keys, were monitored at a shallow back reef ( 4 - 7m) and deep reef slope ( 15 - 22 m) on Conch Reef. Despite lower light intensities and similar grazing pressures, amphipo

  15. Strategies and tactics of tuna fishers in the payao (anchored FAD) fishery from general Santos city, Philippines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Macusi, Edison; Babaran, R.P.; Zwieten, van P.A.M.

    2015-01-01

    Payaos or anchored FADs are used extensively in the Philippine tuna fishery. Currently, spatial regulations on FAD use are implemented with limited observance or understanding of their potential impacts. A combination of semi-structured interviews (n=150) and a total of six focus group discussions (

  16. Fisher-Level Decision Making to Participate in Fisheries Improvement Projects (FIPs) for Yellowfin Tuna in the Philippines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tolentino-Zondervan, F.; Berentsen, P.B.M.; Bush, S.R.; Oude Lansink, A.G.J.M.

    2016-01-01

    This study identifies the capabilities needed by small-scale fishers to participate in Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs) for yellowfin tuna in the Philippines. The current literature provides little empirical evidence on how different models, or types of FIPs, influence the participation of fisher

  17. Sea level height, sea surface temperature, and tuna yields in the Panama bight during El Niño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Pedraza

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Between 1988 and 1998, annual tuna landings at Buenaventura (Colombian Pacific are correlated with the sea surface temperature in the central Equatorial Pacific (r=0.78, p<0.05 and the sea level height at Buenaventura (r=0.76, p<0.05 and Balboa (Panama (r=0.79, p<0.05. Seasonal oceanic upwelling is forced by the Panama wind jet, which may favour oceanic fisheries such as tuna. Here we first apply a bivariate correlation method (Pyper and Peterman, 1994 and then a multivariate approach (principal components analysis or PCA to investigate the relationships of these environmental variables with landings. With the first method, we find that landing is best correlated with the sea surface temperature in the Niño 3 region, whereas the other relationships are less clear. In contrast, with PCA we find that PC1 explains 90.6% of the total variance and suggests that sea surface temperature plays a major role in determining tuna availability in the area (especially during El Niño events. Since PC2 is mainly correlated with sea level height at Balboa but only represents 6.8% of the total variance, we suggest that oceanic upwelling effects on tuna landings at Buenaventura are not significant at interannual scales.

  18. Trophic niches of sympatric tropical tuna in the Western Indian Ocean inferred by stable isotopes and neutral fatty acids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sardenne, Fany; Bodin, Nathalie; Chassot, Emmanuel; Amiel, Aurélien; Fouché, Edwin; Degroote, Maxime; Hollanda, Stéphanie; Pethybridge, Heidi; Lebreton, Benoit; Guillou, Gaël; Ménard, Frédéric

    2016-08-01

    This study examined the trophic ecology of three sympatric tropical tuna species (bigeye BET, skipjack SKJ, and yellowfin YFT) sampled in the Western Indian Ocean throughout 2013. Specifically we explored inter-specific resource partitioning and ontogenetic variability using neutral fatty acids and stable isotope analysis of liver and muscle from small (⩽100 cm fork length, FL) and large (>100 cm FL) tuna collected in mixed schools at the surface by purse-seine. Both biochemical tracers were used to calculate trophic niche indices that collectively revealed high potential for resource overlap, especially among small tuna. Resource overlap appeared strongest between BET and YFT, with SKJ tissues having high carbon isotope (δ13C) values (-17 ± 0.3‰), lower nitrogen isotope (δ15N) values (11.4 ± 0.6‰), and higher relative proportion of poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) than the two other species, indicating a different diet. Size was found to be a strong predictor for most biochemical tracers in the three species with δ13C, δ15N and total lipid content in the liver. In the larger species (YFT and BET), proportions of mono-unsaturated fatty acids typically increased with size, while quantities of PUFA decreased. In addition to ontogenetic variability, trophic markers were shown to vary between sampling area and season: higher lipid reserves and δ15N values, and lower δ13C values occurred during monsoon periods around Seychelles than in the Mozambique Channel (parted from about 1500 km). Our multi-tracer approach reveals the magnitude of potential competitive interactions in mixed tropical tuna schools at both small and large sizes and demonstrates that ontogenetic niche differentiation acts as a major factor of coexistence in tropical tuna.

  19. Improvement of color and physiological properties of tuna-processing by-product by gamma irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although the by-products from fishery industry had many nutrients, it is being wasted or only used as bacteria media. In this study, the effect of a gamma irradiation on the cooking drips of Thunnus thynnus (CDT) was investigated to examine the possible use of the cooking drips as a functional material for food and cosmetic composition. Total aerobic bacteria, and yeasts/molds from CDT were detected at the level of 2.79 and 2.58 Log CFU/mL, respectively. But, CDT was efficiently sterilized by a gamma irradiation at a low dose of 1 kGy. The Hunter L* value of the gamma-irradiated ethanol extract of CDT was increased, and the a* and b* values were decreased compared to the non-irradiated extract, showing color improvement. Antioxidant activity of the ethanol extract of CDT was increased by a gamma irradiation depending on the irradiation dose. The increased contents of polyphenolic compounds and proteins in CDT extract by gamma irradiation may be the reason of the increased biological activity. These results suggested that the wasted cooking drips can be successfully used as functional components with gamma irradiation treatment.

  20. Improvement of color and physiological properties of tuna-processing by-product by gamma irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jong-il; Kim, Hyun-Joo; Kim, Jae-Hun; Song, Beom-Seok [Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup 580-185 (Korea, Republic of); Chun, Byeong-Soo; Ahn, Dong-Hyun [Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737 (Korea, Republic of); Byun, Myung-Woo [Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup 580-185 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Ju-Woon [Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup 580-185 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: sjwlee@kaeri.re.kr

    2009-07-15

    Although the by-products from fishery industry had many nutrients, it is being wasted or only used as bacteria media. In this study, the effect of a gamma irradiation on the cooking drips of Thunnus thynnus (CDT) was investigated to examine the possible use of the cooking drips as a functional material for food and cosmetic composition. Total aerobic bacteria, and yeasts/molds from CDT were detected at the level of 2.79 and 2.58 Log CFU/mL, respectively. But, CDT was efficiently sterilized by a gamma irradiation at a low dose of 1 kGy. The Hunter L* value of the gamma-irradiated ethanol extract of CDT was increased, and the a* and b* values were decreased compared to the non-irradiated extract, showing color improvement. Antioxidant activity of the ethanol extract of CDT was increased by a gamma irradiation depending on the irradiation dose. The increased contents of polyphenolic compounds and proteins in CDT extract by gamma irradiation may be the reason of the increased biological activity. These results suggested that the wasted cooking drips can be successfully used as functional components with gamma irradiation treatment.

  1. Improvement of color and physiological properties of tuna-processing by-product by gamma irradiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jong-il; Kim, Hyun-Joo; Kim, Jae-Hun; Song, Beom-Seok; Chun, Byeong-Soo; Ahn, Dong-Hyun; Byun, Myung-Woo; Lee, Ju-Woon

    2009-07-01

    Although the by-products from fishery industry had many nutrients, it is being wasted or only used as bacteria media. In this study, the effect of a gamma irradiation on the cooking drips of Thunnus thynnus (CDT) was investigated to examine the possible use of the cooking drips as a functional material for food and cosmetic composition. Total aerobic bacteria, and yeasts/molds from CDT were detected at the level of 2.79 and 2.58 Log CFU/mL, respectively. But, CDT was efficiently sterilized by a gamma irradiation at a low dose of 1 kGy. The Hunter L* value of the gamma-irradiated ethanol extract of CDT was increased, and the a* and b* values were decreased compared to the non-irradiated extract, showing color improvement. Antioxidant activity of the ethanol extract of CDT was increased by a gamma irradiation depending on the irradiation dose. The increased contents of polyphenolic compounds and proteins in CDT extract by gamma irradiation may be the reason of the increased biological activity. These results suggested that the wasted cooking drips can be successfully used as functional components with gamma irradiation treatment.

  2. KEMAMPUAN DOSIS PUPUK ZA DAN WAKTU PEWIWILAN TUNAS LATERAL TERHADAP HASIL DAN KUALITAS CABAI BESAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Taufik

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available [ENGLISH]Chili is one of the horticultural commodities which have high economic value and have a large export opportunities. The development of technology makes great chili farming business will be more profitable. The purpose of research to determine the interaction between fertilizer dosing ZA and pruning time of lateral shoots that are most influential to the outcome and quality of hot pepper. Factorial (3 x 3 research carried out using Random Design Group. The first factor is the fertilizer doses studied with 3 threshold ZA covers: N1, N2, and N3, respectively 14, 28, and 42 grams per plant. The second factor is the time of pruning with 3 degrees include: W1, W2, and W3, each for 0, 15, and 25 days after planting. The results showed that the combination treatment of ZA 28 gram per plant and prunning of lateral shoots in 15 dat tend to the best result on the yield and quality of chilli. Keywords: Chilli; ZA Fertilizer Dose; Nitrogen; Pruning.  [INDONESIAN] Cabai merupakan salah satu komoditas hortikultura yang memiliki nilai ekonomi tinggi serta memiliki peluang eksport yang besar. Perkembangan teknologi menjadikan usaha pertanian cabai besar akan semakin menguntungkan. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui interaksi antara pemberian dosis pupuk ZA dan waktu pewiwilan tunas lateral yang berpengaruh paling baik terhadap hasil dan kualitas cabai besar. Penelitian faktorial (3x3 dilaksanakan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok. Faktor pertama yang diteliti adalah dosis pupuk ZA dengan 3 taraf yang meliputi: N1, N2, dan N3 ,masing-masing 14, 28, dan 42 gram per tanaman. Faktor kedua adalah waktu pewiwilan dengan 3 taraf meliputi: W1, W2, dan W3, masing- masing untuk 0, 15, dan 25 hari setelah tanam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kombinasi perlakuan ZA 28g/tanaman dan pewiwilan tunas lateral umur 15 hari setelah tanam cenderung memberikan hasil terbaik terhadap hasil dan kualitas cabai besar. Kata Kunci: Cabai Besar; Dosis Pupuk ZA; Nitrogen

  3. 50 CFR 300.185 - Documentation, reporting and recordkeeping requirements for consignment documents and re-export...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... flag country whose vessel caught the fish (regardless of where the fish are first landed). Re-export... requiring a BCD tag on all such bluefin tuna available for sale, must be accompanied by the appropriate...

  4. Nitrogen isotopic baselines and implications for estimating foraging habitat and trophic position of yellowfin tuna in the Indian and Pacific Oceans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorrain, Anne; Graham, Brittany S.; Popp, Brian N.; Allain, Valérie; Olson, Robert J.; Hunt, Brian P. V.; Potier, Michel; Fry, Brian; Galván-Magaña, Felipe; Menkes, Christophe E. R.; Kaehler, Sven; Ménard, Frédéric

    2015-03-01

    Assessment of isotopic compositions at the base of food webs is a prerequisite for using stable isotope analysis to assess foraging locations and trophic positions of marine organisms. Our study represents a unique application of stable-isotope analyses across multiple trophic levels (primary producer, primary consumer and tertiary consumer) and over a large spatial scale in two pelagic marine ecosystems. We found that δ15N values of particulate organic matter (POM), barnacles and phenylalanine from the muscle tissue of yellowfin tuna all showed similar spatial patterns. This consistency suggests that isotopic analysis of any of these can provide a reasonable proxy for isotopic variability at the base of the food web. Secondly, variations in the δ15N values of yellowfin tuna bulk-muscle tissues paralleled the spatial trends observed in all of these isotopic baseline proxies. Variation in isotopic composition at the base of the food web, rather than differences in tuna diet, explained the 11‰ variability observed in the bulk-tissue δ15N values of yellowfin tuna. Evaluating the trophic position of yellowfin tuna using amino-acid isotopic compositions across the western Indian and equatorial Pacific Oceans strongly suggests these tuna occupy similar trophic positions, albeit absolute trophic positions estimated by this method were lower than expected. This study reinforces the importance of considering isotopic baseline variability for diet studies, and provides new insights into methods that can be applied to generate nitrogen isoscapes for worldwide comparisons of top predators in marine ecosystems.

  5. The Kinematics and Dynamics of Undulatory Motion of a Tuna-mimetic Robot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayyed Farideddin Masoomi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the steps for the mathematical modelling of a fish robot with four degrees of freedom (DOF called UC-Ika 1. The swimming motion of the robot, which is inspired by tuna fish, needs to generate an undulatory motion by its tail peduncle and caudal fin. Hence, the robot has the benefit of a tail mechanism that plays a determining role in the dynamic behaviour of the robot. Analysing this tail mechanism and the hydrodynamic forces acting upon the fish robot, the governing equations of motion of the robot are derived. Solving these dynamic equations reveals that the robot has a cruising speed of 0.29 m/s, a slight oscillation in the Y direction, and a small swing around its centre of mass. These results are validated by the experimental results of UC-Ika 1.

  6. Discovery of the strong antioxidant selenoneine in tuna and selenium redox metabolism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yumiko; Yamashita; Takeshi; Yabu; Michiaki; Yamashita

    2010-01-01

    A novel selenium-containing compound,selenoneine,has been isolated as the major form of organic selenium in the blood and tissues of tuna.Selenoneine harbors a selenium atom in the imidazole ring,2-selenylNα,Nα,Nα-trimethyl-L-histidine,and is a selenium analog of ergothioneine.This selenium compound has strong antioxidant capacity and binds to heme proteins,such as hemoglobin and myoglobin,to protect them from iron auto-oxidation,and it reacts with radicals and methylmercury(MeHg) .The organic cations/carnitine transporter OCTN1 transports selenoneine and MeHg,regulates Se-enhanced antioxidant activity,and decreases MeHg toxicity.Thus,the dietary intake of selenoneine,by consuming fish,might decrease the formation of reactive oxygen radicals that could oxidize nucleotides in DNA,and thereby inhibit carcinogenesis,chronic diseases,and aging.

  7. Cirugía refractiva en un quinquenio en Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivian Céspedes Galiano

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available La cirugía refractiva es una subespecialidad de la oftalmología, encargada de los procedimientos quirúrgicos dirigidos al tratamiento de los defectos refractivos. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo y longitudinal, para describir los resultados de la cirugía refractiva en el Centro Oftalmológico del Hospital General Docente “Dr. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna” de la provincia de Las Tunas, desde noviembre de 2009 a noviembre de 2014. Se realizaron 744 cirugías en 409 pacientes que acudieron a consulta para ser operados por algún defecto refractivo. Un total de 110 ojos fueron intervenidos por LASIK y 619 por LASEK; predominó el sexo femenino en edades entre 20-29 años; el defecto refractivo más frecuente fue el astigmatismo miópico compuesto. Los defectos epiteliales de hipercorrección fueron la complicación con más frecia encontrada. Los resultados visuales hasta la fecha son significativos, una vez que los pacientes han logrado una agudeza visual sin corrección entre 0,8 y 1,0. El láser excimer posibilita el moldeamiento de la curvatura corneal, con vistas a lograr un resultado refractivo con mínimas alteraciones al tejido circundante; por tanto, a escala internacional, se ha convertido en la técnica quirúrgica prevaleciente para el tratamiento de las ametropías. La realización de la intervención quirúrgica refractiva en Las Tunas ha tenido resultados de impacto

  8. Incidencia de los defectos congénitos asociados al uso de medicamentos en Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenys K. Silva Gonzalez

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available La Red de Genética Nacional estableció un sistema de vigilancia pre y postnatal, para evaluar los efectos potenciales de la medicación en aquellas gestantes que ocasionalmente o de manera permanente ingieren fármacos durante el embarazo. En la provincia de Las Tunas se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo para describir la incidencia de defectos congénitos en la etapa prenatal y al nacimiento de los fetos en las mujeres que consumieron algún medicamento en el primer trimestre del embarazo, durante el período de enero de 2009 a mayo de 2014. La población de estudio lo constituyeron las 627 embarazadas, que habían consumido algún tipo de fármaco que se identificara como posible agente teratogénico y fueron remitidas al Centro de Genética Provincial para su seguimiento. Los datos obtenidos del registro de morbilidad teratogénica permitieron analizar las variables: casos reportados al registro provincial de medicamentos durante la gestación, medicamentos consumidos durante el embarazo según categoría, momento de la gestación en que se produjo el consumo del fármaco, duración del tratamiento durante el embarazo y evaluación del embarazo o el producto. El consumo de medicamentos fue más abundante en gestantes del municipio Las Tunas. Predominó el consumo de medicamentos antiinfecciosos; el consumo ocurrió con más frecuencia en el primer trimestre; y la duración más probable fue de una semana. A pesar de ello, el consumo de medicamentos durante la gestación no significó un riesgo incrementado de teratogenicidad

  9. Incidencia prenatal de los defectos congénitos en Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana Lupe Muñoz Callol

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Los defectos congénitos son la principal causa de morbilidad y mortalidad neonatal en casi todo el mundo. La introducción del diagnóstico prenatal y el establecimiento de estrategias preventivas en la atención primaria de salud han logrado la disminución de la prevalencia al nacimiento de defectos congénitos y de la mortalidad infantil en nuestro país. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal de los casos diagnosticados o confirmados prenatalmente en la consulta de genética provincial, con el objetivo de describir la incidencia prenatal de los defectos congénitos en la provincia Las Tunas, durante el período de enero 2013 a mayo 2014. De un universo de 9462 embarazadas de la provincia, en el periodo de estudio; se escogió una muestra de 110 gestantes que presentaron defectos fetales en diferentes órganos y sistemas. La información se obtuvo del registro provincial, donde se analizaron las variables: comportamiento de defectos congénitos por áreas de salud, edad de las madres por defectos congénitos, defectos congénitos por programas prenatales y los defectos congénitos por sistemas. El mayor número de casos se diagnosticó en el segundo trimestre del embarazo, siendo el sistema cardiovascular donde se encontró un número mayor de defectos congénitos, seguido del sistema digestivo, genitourinarias y del sistema nervioso central. Las edades maternas estuvieron comprendidas entre 21 y 30 años, siendo el municipio Tunas el que aportó un número significativo de afectados

  10. Industrial Development in an Island Economy: US Trade Policy and Canned Tuna Production in AmericanSamoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liam Campling

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available It is widely argued that small states and territories have relied upon the strategic trade and economic policies of larger countries to achieve development goals. Using the case of the export-oriented tuna industry in American Samoa (a territory of the United States, we argue that its status as a sub-national island jurisdictions (SNIJ has been essential in jumpstarting and supporting industrial development. However, this relationship and its associated benefits are just one set of factors that influence the economic development opportunities and constraints that American Samoa’s tuna industry faces in the contemporary world economy. Moreover, the maintenance and future possibilities for industrial development in both SNIJs and (arguably more economically vulnerable sovereign small island developing states (SIDS, is increasingly unlikely in the context of a globalizing capitalism and the new international trade regime.

  11. Morphology of bigeye tuna otolith in waters near Marshall Islands%马绍尔群岛海域大眼金枪鱼耳石形态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋利明; 吕凯凯; 杨嘉樑; 胡振新

    2012-01-01

    耳石是鱼类生态的重要信息载体。根据2009年11月-2010年1月马绍尔群岛海域采集的大眼金枪鱼(Thunnus obesus)样本中获得的222对矢耳石,对其形态特征进行观察和测量。观察发现,矢耳石上有3条凹沟,可将矢耳石分为背区、翼区、吻区和侧区4个区。t检验表明,左右矢耳石形态参数无显著性差异(P=0.999)。对矢耳石12个形态参数作主成分分析,结果显示,背区长(DL)、翼区前长(WFL)、翼区长(WL)和最大厚度(MST)可以代表矢耳石尺度特征,背区夹角(DA)和翼区夹角(WA)代表矢耳石角度特征。DL与MST的关系可用指数表达,叉长(FL)与DL间可用多项式表达、叉长与WFL和矢耳石重量(OW)间可用逻辑斯蒂克模型表达。随叉长增加,矢耳石核心向背区、侧区和吻区方向移动。对不同DL组的DA进行多重比较分析,发现DA在DL为500~700μm间出现生长波动,结合FL与DL之间关系,认为大眼金枪鱼初次性成熟时DL为600μm左右,叉长在80~130 cm之间。%The otolith of fish is an important source of ecological information.It is a popular and successful tool in discriminating between and within fish stocks to study the morphologic characteristics of the otolith.A total of 222 pairs of sagittal otolith were collected randomly from Nov.2009 through Jan.2010 in waters near Marshall Islands.The morphologic characteristics of them were observed and measured.There were three channels on them which divide the sagittal otolith four areas(dorsum,wing,rostrum,and lateral).There was no significant difference between the morphological parameters of the left sagitta and the right sagitta(P=0.999).The result of principal component analysis on 12 morphologic parameters showed the dorsal length(DL),wing front length(WFL),wing length(WL) and maximum statolith thickness(MST) can be used to represent the size features of the sagittal otolith;the dorsal angle

  12. Activity Concentrations and Dose Assessment of Gamma Emitting Radionuclides in Canned Tuna and Sardines Produced after the Fukushima Nuclear Accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ababneh, Zaid Q; Al-Masoud, Fahad I; Ababneh, Anas M

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present work was to investigate the radioactivity concentrations of gamma emitting radionuclides in canned tuna and sardines that were produced after the Fukushima nuclear accident and to assess the resulting radiation doses to the public. Fifty-eight brands of canned tuna and sardines consumed in the Middle East and produced from different parts of the world were analyzed using a germanium detector. Cesium-137 (137Cs) was not detected above the minimum detectable activity in any of the samples. Natural radionuclides 40K, 226Ra and 228Ra were detected with wide activity concentration ranges and with average values of (in Bq kg(-1) wet weight): 68 ± 36, 0.31 ± 0.45, 0.34 ± 0.25, respectively, in tuna samples and with averages of 129 ± 67, 0.20 ± 0.33, 0.60 ± 0.31 in sardine samples. The results of the activity concentrations of 40K and 226Ra showed some regional dependence. Tuna samples produced in Europe have almost twice the concentration of 40K and half the concentration of 226Ra as compared to samples produced in either East or South Asia and North America. Moreover, sardine samples produced in North Africa and Europe have almost twice the concentrations of 40K and 226Ra as those produced in East or South Asia and North America. Dose assessment due to ingestion of canned seafood was also performed, and the committed effective dose was found to be well within the worldwide average. PMID:26606067

  13. The Tunas Formation (Permian) in the Sierras Australes foldbelt, east central Argentina: evidence for syntectonic sedimentation in a foreland basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Gamundi, O. R.; Conaghan, P. J.; Rossello, E. A.; Cobbold, P. R.

    1995-04-01

    The Tunas Formation, extensively exposed in the Sierras Australes foldbelt of eastern central Argentina, completes the sedimentation of the Gondwanan (Late Carboniferous-Permian) sequence, locally known as the Pillahuincó Group. The underlying units of the Group show an integrated depositional history which can be explained in terms of glaciomarine sedimentation (Sauce Grande Formation) and postglacial transgression (Piedra Azul and Bonete Formations). This succession also has a rather uniform quartz-rich, sand-sized composition indicative of a cratonic provenance from the Tandilia Massif to the northeast. Early to Late Permian deformation folded and thrusted the southwestern basin margin (Sierras Australes) and triggered the deposition of a 1,500 m — thick, synorogenic prograding wedge, the Tunas Formation, in the adjacent foreland basin (Sauce Grande or Claromecó Basin). Sandstone detrital modes for the Tunas deposits show moderate to low contents of quartz and abundant lithics, mostly of volcanic and metasedimentary origin. Paleocurrents are consistently from the SW. Tuffs interbedded with sandstones in the upper half of Tunas Formation (Early — early Late? Permian) are interpreted as being derived from volcanic glass-rich tuffs settled in a body of water. Extensive rhyolitic ignimbrites and consanguineous airborne tuffaceous material erupted in the northern Patagonian region during that period. The age constraints and similarities in composition between these volcanics and the tuffaceous horizons present in the Sauce Grande, Parana and Karoo Basins suggest a genetic linkage between these two episodes. The intimate relationship between volcanic activity inboard of the paleo-Pacific margin, deformation in the adjacent orogenic belt and subsidence and sedimentation in the contiguous foreland basin constitutes a common motif in the Sauce Grande and Karoo Basins of southwestern Gondwana.

  14. Incidental catch and estimated discards of pelagic sharks from the swordfish and tuna fisheries in the Mediterranean Sea

    OpenAIRE

    MEGALOFONOU Persefoni

    2005-01-01

    Large pelagic sharks are caught incidentally in the swordfish and tuna fisheries of the Mediterranean Sea. In our study, twelve shark species were documented as bycatch over three years from 1998 to 2000. Blue shark (Prionace glauca) was the predominant species in all gears and areas examined. Shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus), common thresher shark (Alopias vulpinus), and tope shark (Galeorhinus galeus) were the next most abundant shark species—found in more than half of the areas samp...

  15. Use of tuna industry waste in diets for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, fingerlings: effect on digestibility and growth performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crisantema Hernández

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available During the tuna canning process, about 52~54% of the total weight of the fish is discarded as waste, which can be processed in order to obtain tuna byproducts meal (TBM, or stabilized as tuna silage hydrolysates (TSH. Both products were tested as replacements of soybean meal (SBM, in diets for fingerling male Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Seven test diets were isonitrogenous (35% CP and isoenergetic (19 kJ g-1: a basal diet contained SBM as main protein source (TSH0; four experimental diets had increasing inclusion levels of TSH replacing 25, 50, 75 and 100% of the SBM protein. The sixth diet contained TBM as sole protein source, and a commercial feed for tilapia was used as reference diet (RD. The diets were fed for eight weeks to triplicate tanks, each with 15 fry tilapia (initial weight of 0.89 ± 0.29 g. Tilapia fed the TBM diet had greater weight gain and feed intake, and lower feed conversion ratios than those fed diets containing with TSH. The RD, TSH25 and TSH50 diets gave the similar growth response. Fish fed diets TSH0, TSH75% and TSH100% showed reduced growth performance.

  16. 金枪鱼延绳钓不同位置钓钩渔获效率的研究%Study on the Catching Efficiency of Hooks of Tuna Long-Line Fishing Gear

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶振江; 梁振林; 邢智良; 高志军

    2001-01-01

    本文从金枪鱼延绳钓渔具的结构及渔获效果入手,分析了大眼金枪鱼(Thunnus obesus)和黄鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus albacares)的垂直分布及该延绳钓渔具不同位置钓钩的渔获效率,据以对钓具的性能做出初步评价,并提出了改进的建议.

  17. Study on the change of total fat content and fatty acid composition of the ethanol extract from cooking drips of thunnus thynnus by ionizing irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hee Sub; Choi, Jong Il; Kim, Hyun Joo; Kim, Jin Kyu; Byun, Myung Woo; Lee, Ju Woon [Team for Radiation Food Science and Biotechnology, Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup (Korea, Republic of); Yoo, Cheon Woo; Kim, Ju Bong [Dongwon Research and Development Center, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Young Jung [Division of Food Science, Jinju International University, Jinju (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Young Jin [Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-05-15

    This study was conducted to examine the effect of a gamma irradiation (GM) and an electron-beam irradiation (EB) on the total fat content and fatty acid composition of ethanol extract from cooking drips of Thunnus thynnus (ECT). The total fat content of samples were determined by fat extraction (Folch method) and fatty acid composition was by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) after fat extraction. The results showed that total fat contents were not changed by GM and EB up to the dose of 50 kGy. The content of unsaturated fatty acids (USFA) such as vaccenic acid and DHA, was decreased by irradiation. But, the content of palmitoleic acid was not changed by GM. In contrast, the content of saturated fatty acids(SFA) such as myristic acid and palmitic acid, was increased by the irradiation. But, the content of stearic acid was decreased with the increase of irradiation dose. Also, it has been shown that the GM had further affected the change of fatty acid content than EB.

  18. Teenage pregnancy, epidemiological behavior in Las Tunas during the period 2012 - 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enelis Reyes Reyes

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: teenage pregnancy is a medical risk to be considered, not only for determining an increase of maternal morbidity and an estimated of 2 to 3 times infant mortality, but also as one of the most important factors in the occurrence of congenital malformations.Objective: to determine the epidemiological behavior of teenage pregnancy in Las Tunas province during the period 2012 - 2014.Methods: a descriptive, observational and retrospective study of the behavior of teenage pregnancy was carried out in the province and time period previously stated. The study was performed in municipalities and People's Councils. The universe consisted of 148 169 women of childbearing age and the sample comprised 3 309 pregnant female teenagers from 12 to 19 years old.Results: the phenomenon of teenage pregnancy continues, but the province and its municipalities show favorable data; 2013 was the one of the most negative results, being Manatí and Amancio municipalities the most significant ones; in all the municipalities there are People's Councils with results that are higher than municipal and provincial averages. The adolescent fertility rate in the province was between 39.0 and 45.2 per 1000, being 2013 and Amancio municipality the ones with the highest incidence.Conclusions: although the teenage pregnancy continues, the province and its municipalities show favorable data, resulting from an integrated and successful health programs, involving Provincial Genetics Network work.

  19. Estimate of exploitation rates and population size of skipjack tuna off the southeastern coast of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Jablonski

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Size compositions and total landings of skipjack tuna caught in the southeastern Brazilian waters by bait-boats are used as the basis of the assessment of the population for 1980-1983 period, employing the length cohort analysis and virtual population analysis. From monthly size frequency data it is suggested that there is constant immigration and emigration of different modal groups in the fishing area with an interval of two to three months. The exploitation rate was very low for length class between 35-45 cm FL, then increased gradually. The weighted mean exploitation rates were 0.060 and 0.448, respectively for length classes smaller and larger than 55 cmFL. The estimate of the average number of fish attaining a size of 43 cm FL (recruit was 11.0 x 10(6 fish for assumed values of M - 0.7 and K = 0.307. Increasing the fishing mortality rate by 30% and 50%, an estimated increment in yield is 8% and 12%, respectively. From virtual population analysis, we obtained the biomass estimate of skipjack population older than two years-old to be 70.3 thousand tonnes for assumed value of M = 0.7 and the estimated MSY was 24.6 thousand tonnes.

  20. Banning is not enough: The complexities of oceanic shark management by tuna regional fisheries management organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Travassos Tolotti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Recently, declining populations of several pelagic shark species have led to global conservation concerns surrounding this group. As a result, a series of species-specific banning measures have been implemented by Regional Fishery Management Organizations (RFMOs in charge of tuna fisheries, which include retention bans, finning bans and trading bans. There are both positive and negative aspects to most management measures, but generally, the positive aspects outweigh the negatives, ensuring the measure is beneficial to the resource and its users in the long term. Banning measures are a good first step towards the conservation of pelagic shark species, especially since they improve conservation awareness among fishers, managers and the public. Measures that impose total bans, however, can lead to negative impacts that may jeopardize the populations they were intended to protect. The majority of pelagic shark catches are incidental and most sharks die before they reach the vessel or after they are released. The legislation set out by RFMOs only prevents retention but not the actual capture or the mortality that may occur as a result. Managers should be fully aware that the development and implementation of mitigation measures are critical for a more effective conservation strategy.

  1. Arte, cultura y lucha contra el cáncer en Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ernesto Pérez Reyes

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Los avances científicos de hoy están permitiendo que el cáncer no se convierta en una sentencia inexorable de muerte. La cronificación del tratamiento plantea retos a los sistemas sanitarios, en su compromiso por ofrecer al enfermo el apoyo para enfrentar su nueva situación y devolverlo a la vida normal. Las complicaciones producto de los tratamientos, los efectos físicos secundarios, la modificación de las rutinas y el sentir que se vive bajo una amenaza, desestabilizan el balance emocional de muchos enfermos. El arte puede captar los más personales aspectos en la experiencia del cáncer. La creación artística puede unir a pacientes, familiares, amigos, al equipo sanitario y a la comunidad en su conjunto, aportando nuevos caminos para ayudar al paciente. La labor artística puede proveer de otros modos de expresión que no se encuentran en las formas tradicionales de tratamiento, permitiendo explorar temas intrínsecos del enfermo de forma creativa y personal. El arte puede comunicar con los aspectos más silenciados de la enfermedad, ayudando a las personas con escasas posibilidades para confesar sus experiencias. Bajo esta premisa el recientemente fundado capítulo provincial de la Sociedad cubana de oncología, radioterapia y medicina nuclear ha efectuado en Las Tunas varias actividades a partir del día tres de febrero del actual año, comenzando con la inauguración de la Jornada provincial de lucha contra el cáncer. La estrategia divulgativa contó con la colaboración del Grupo provincial para el control del cáncer, el Centro provincial del cine y el proyecto FILOARTMED de la Universidad médica de Las Tunas, quienes se han interesado en elevar la producción científica de los profesionales de la salud, que luchan por controlar el cáncer en el territorio. En la sala cinematográfica Titón del Teatro Tunas, se dieron cita los miembros del capítulo provincial de la Sociedad cubana de oncología, radioterapia y medicina

  2. Population genetic structure of skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis from the Indian coast using sequence analysis of the mitochondrial DNA D-loop region

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Menezes, M.R.; Kumar, G.; Kunal, S.P.

    . & Majkowski, J. (2005). Status of the tuna stocks of the world. In Proceedings 2 - Second Meeting of the Technical Advisory Committee of the FAO Project Manage- ment of Tuna Fishing Capacity: Conservation and Socio-Economics (Bayliff, W. H., De Leiva Moreno, J...). Evolution of animal mitochondrial DNA: relevance for population biology and systematics. Annual Review of Ecology and Sys- tematics 18, 269–292. doi: 10.1146/annurev.es.18.110187.001413 Nei, M. (1987). Molecular Evolutionary Genetics. New York, NY: Columbia...

  3. 公海金枪鱼渔业管理趋势研究%Study on the trend of tuna fishery management on high seas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂启义; 黄硕琳

    2011-01-01

    With the recession of fisheries resources on high seas,effective conservation and management of fishery are required urgently.As a kind of important resources on high seas,tuna fishery is managed by many fishery management organizations,takes the leadeship not only in management concepts but also in management practice.This paper breifly introduces the conception of high seas fishery,analyzes the status and trend of tuna fishery management on high seas.On the basis,according to current situation of China's tuna fishery on high seas,this article puts forward some suggestions on developing China's tuna fishery on high seas:(1) strength the policy decision influence in international tuna management organizations;(2) regulate the operations on distant-water tuna fishery,complete the distant-water fishery data base;(3) adjust the structure of distant-water fishery,develop fishing grounds;(4) develop tuna processing industry;(5) develop inland tuna consumption markets;(6) develop distant-water fishery cooperation with Taiwan province of China.%公海渔业资源的衰退迫切要求对公海捕捞作业进行有效的养护和管理。金枪鱼作为一种重要的公海渔业资源,有众多国际渔业管理组织对其进行管理,对公海金枪鱼渔业的管理无论是在管理理念上还是管理实践上都处于领先地位。简要介绍了公海渔业概念,陈述公海金枪鱼渔业管理现状,分析公海金枪鱼渔业管理趋势。在此基础上,根据我国公海金枪鱼渔业现状,提出发展我国公海金枪鱼渔业的建议:(1)加强我国在际金枪鱼管理组织中的政策决策影响力;(2)规范我国公海金枪鱼生产作业,完善远洋渔业数据库;(3)调整远洋渔业结构,积极开发新渔场;(4)发

  4. Biological characteristics of Thunnus obesus in longlining ground of the Central Atlantic Ocean%大西洋中部金枪鱼延绳钓渔场大眼金枪鱼的生物学特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋利明; 陈新军; 许柳雄

    2004-01-01

    Based on the biological data of bigeye tuna measured from the longlining ground of the Central Atlantic Ocean from Jun. 2001 to Oct. 2001, this paper analyzed the bigeye tuna's maturity stages of the gonad, feeding intensity, species composition of prey, sex ratio, fork length distribution, relationships between fork length and dressed weight, fork length and round weight, round weight and dressed weight by statistic and regression methods. The results indicate: ( 1 ) Maturity at Ⅳ-Ⅵ of the gonad are dominant with the highest percentage of Ⅴ (30.11% ). (2)The feeding intensity is mainly in the class 1 ,class 2 or class 3,totally 83.16%. (3)In the bigeye tuna's species composition of prey, the percentage of miscellaneous fish or cephalopod is relatively high, 38.05 % or 30.48 % respectively. Catch rate of bigeye tuna can be enhanced when cephalopod is used as the bait. (4) The male-female ratio is 2 : 1. This pattern might result from elevated mortality of adult females. (5) The fork length distribution is suitable for the normal. The dominant fork length is 1.13 - 1.49m, 64.16%, with the mean value of 1.32m. (6)The relationship between fork length and dressed weight. (7)The relationship between fork length and round weight. If the fork length is the same, the round weight converted in this paper's formula is a little lighter than the round weight converted in Parks's formula concluded at 1981 of the longline bigeye tuna catch. It might be caused by the different sampling areas or sampling time. (8)The relationship between round weight and dressed weight. The round weight conversion factor in this paper is a little higher than the ICCAT. It might be caused by the different processing methods. ICCAT is recommended to adapt this paper's conversion factor.

  5. Maximum sustainable speeds and cost of swimming in juvenile kawakawa tuna (Euthynnus affinis) and chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sepulveda, C; Dickson, K A

    2000-10-01

    Tunas (Scombridae) have been assumed to be among the fastest and most efficient swimmers because they elevate the temperature of the slow-twitch, aerobic locomotor muscle above the ambient water temperature (endothermy) and because of their streamlined body shape and use of the thunniform locomotor mode. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that juvenile tunas swim both faster and more efficiently than their ectothermic relatives. The maximum sustainable swimming speed (U(max), the maximum speed attained while using a steady, continuous gait powered by the aerobic myotomal muscle) and the net cost of transport (COT(net)) were compared at 24 degrees C in similar-sized (116-255 mm fork length) juvenile scombrids, an endothermic tuna, the kawakawa (Euthynnus affinis) and the ectothermic chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus). U(max) and COT(net) were measured by forcing individual fish to swim in a temperature-controlled, variable-speed swimming tunnel respirometer. There were no significant interspecific differences in the relationship between U(max) and body mass or fork length or in the relationship between COT(net) and body mass or fork length. Muscle temperatures were elevated by 1.0-2.3 degrees C and 0.1-0.6 degrees C above water temperature in the kawakawa and chub mackerel, respectively. The juvenile kawakawa had significantly higher standard metabolic rates than the chub mackerel, because the total rate of oxygen consumption at a given swimming speed was higher in the kawakawa when the effects of fish size were accounted for. Thus, juvenile kawakawa are not capable of higher sustainable swimming speeds and are not more efficient swimmers than juvenile chub mackerel.

  6. Stereological comparison of oocyte recruitment and batch fecundity estimates from paraffin and resin sections using spawning albacore (Thunnus alalunga) ovaries as a case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saber, Sámar; Macías, David; Ortiz de Urbina, Josetxu; Kjesbu, Olav Sigurd

    2015-01-01

    Traditional histological protocols in marine fish reproductive laboratories using paraffin as the embedding medium are now increasingly being replaced with protocols using resin instead. These procedures entail different degrees of tissue shrinkage complicating direct comparisons of measurement results across laboratories or articles. In this work we selected ovaries of spawning Mediterranean albacore (Thunnus alalunga) as the subject of our study to address the issue of structural changes, by contrasting values on oocyte recruitment and final batch fecundity given from the same tissue samples in both paraffin and resin. A modern stereological method, the oocyte packing density (OPD) theory, was used supported by initial studies on ovarian tissue sampling and measurement design. Examples of differences in the volume fraction of oocyte stages, free space and connective tissue were found between the embedding media. Mean oocyte diameters were smaller in paraffin than in resin with differences ranging between 0.5% in primary growth and 24.3% in hydration (HYD) stage oocytes. Fresh oocyte measurements showed that oocytes shrank as a consequence of the embedding process, reaching the maximal degree of shrinkage for oocytes in the HYD stage (45.8% in paraffin and 26.5% in resin). In order to assess the effect of oocyte shrinkage on the OPD result, and thereby on relative batch fecundity (Fr), oocyte diameters corrected and uncorrected for shrinkage, were used for estimations. Statistical significant differences were found (P embedding media. The average Fr was numerically smaller in paraffin compared to resin (86 ± 61 vs. 106 ± 54 oocytes per gram of body mass (mean ± SD)). For both embedding media statistical significant differences (P < 0.05) were seen between Fr results based on either oocytes in the germinal vesicle migration stage or HYD stage. As a valuable adjunct, the present use of the OPD theory made it possible to document that the oocyte recruitment of

  7. Certification of total arsenic, dimethylarsinic acid and arsenobetaine contents in a tuna fish powder (BCR-CRM 627)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lagarde, F.; Amran, M. B.; Leroy, M. J. F.;

    1999-01-01

    Tuna fishes were collected in the Straits of Messina (Italy), were dissected and dorsal muscles minced, freeze-dried, ground and sieved. The obtained powder was stabilised by gamma-irradiation and filled into brown glass bottles. The homogeneity and stability at +20 degrees C and +40 degrees C were...... verified with regards to the total arsenic, dimethylarsinic acid and arsenobetaine contents. Ten laboratories participated in the certification study. All participants had demonstrated beforehand their ability to produce accurate results for the As speciation in fish tissue. The certified values are: total...

  8. Cloning and expression analysis of vasa during the reproductive cycle of Korean rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mu, Weijie; Wen, Haishen; He, Feng; Li, Jifang; Liu, Miao; Ma, Ruiqin; Zhang, Yuanqing; Hu, Jian; Qi, Baoxia

    2013-03-01

    Vasa, which is a conserved member of the DEAD-box protein family, plays an indispensable role in primordial germ cell proliferation. However, the expression of vasa gene during the reproductive cycle in ovoviviparous fish has not been documented. In this study, the full-length sequence of vasa was obtained from the ovary of Korean rockfish ( Sebastes schlegeli) using reverse transcription-PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The Vasa with a mature protein of 650 amino acids showed greatest homology (84%) with giant gourami ( Osphronemus goramy) and Pacific bluefin tuna ( Thunnus orientalis). The expression of vasa mRNA in Korean rockfish was detected in gonads only, suggesting its specific role in gonadal development. In addition, seasonal changes in the vasa expression levels were examined in gonads by quantitative real-time PCR. The vasa transcript levels in adult testis were found higher during spermatogenesis than during spermiation. The vasa transcript levels remained relatively high at the early ovary stage but declined during ovary maturation in adult female fish. These results suggest that the vasa gene play an important role in spermatogenesis and early oogenesis during the reproductive cycle of Korean rockfish.

  9. Cloning and Expression Analysis of vasa During the Reproductive Cycle of Korean Rockfish,Sebastes schlegeli

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MU Weijie; WEN Haishen; HE Feng; LI Jifang; LIU Miao; MA Ruiqin; ZHANG Yuanqing

    2013-01-01

    Vasa,which is a conserved member of the DEAD-box protein family,plays an indispensable role in primordial germ cell proliferation.However,the expression of vasa gene during the reproductive cycle in ovoviviparous fish has not been documented.In this study,the full-length sequence of vasa was obtained from the ovary of Korean rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli) using reverse transcription-PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends.The Vasa with a mature protein of 650 amino acids showed greatest homology (84%) with giant gourami (Osphronemus goramy) and Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis).The expression of vasa mRNA in Korean rockfish was detected in gonads only,suggesting its specific role in gonadal development.In addition,seasonal changes in the vasa expression levels were examined in gonads by quantitative real-time PCR.The vasa transcript levels in adult testis were found higher during spermatogenesis than during spermiation.The vasa transcript levels remained relatively high at the early ovary stage but declined during ovary maturation in adult female fish.These results suggest that the vasa gene play an important role in spermatogenesis and early oogenesis during the reproductive cycle of Korean rockfish.

  10. The influence of finfish aquaculture on benthic fish and crustacean assemblages in Fitzgerald Bay, South Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Jason E; Williams, Kane

    2015-01-01

    The influence of sea-cage aquaculture on wildfish assemblages has received little attention outside of Europe. Sea-cage aquaculture of finfish is a major focus in South Australia, and while the main species farmed is southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii), there is also an important yellowtail kingfish (Seriola lalandi) industry. Yellowtail kingfish aquaculture did not appear to have any local or regional effects on demersal assemblages (primarily fish, but also some crustaceans) surveyed by baited remote underwater video (BRUV) in Fitzgerald Bay. We did, however, detect small scale spatial variations in assemblages within the bay. The type of bait used strongly influenced the assemblage recorded, with significantly greater numbers of fish attracted to deployments where sardines were used as the bait to compared to those with no bait. The pelleted feed used by the aquaculture industry was just as attractive as sardines at one site, and intermediate between sardines and no bait at the other. There was significant temporal variability in assemblages at both farm sites and one control site, while the second control site was temporally stable (over the 9 weeks of the study). Overall, the results suggested that aquaculture was having little if any impact on the abundance and assemblage structure of the demersal macrofauna in Fitzgerald Bay. PMID:26401452

  11. Potential toxicological hazard due to endocrine-disrupting chemicals on Mediterranean top predators: State of art, gender differences and methodological tools

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Man-made endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) range across all continents and oceans. Some geographic areas are potentially more threatened than others: one of these is the Mediterranean Sea. Levels of some xenobiotics are much higher here than in other seas and oceans. In this paper we review the final results of a project supported by the Italian Ministry of the Environment, in which the hypothesis that Mediterranean top predator species (such as large pelagic fish and marine mammals) are potentially at risk due to EDCs was investigated. We illustrate the need to develop and apply sensitive methodological tools, such as biomarkers (Vitellogenin, Zona Radiata proteins and CYP1A activities) for evaluation of toxicological risk in large pelagic fish top predators (Swordfish (Xiphias gladius), Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus thynnus)) and nondestructive biomarkers (CYP1A activities and fibroblast cell culture in skin biopsy), for the hazard assessment of threatened marine mammals species (Striped Dolphin, (Stenella coeruleoalba), Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), Common Dolphin (Delphinus delphis) and Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus))exposed to EDCs. Differential gender susceptibility to EDCs is also explored both in large pelagic fish and in cetaceans. In cetaceans, male specimens showed higher cytochrome P450 induction (BPMO in skyn biopsies, CYP2B in fibroblasts cell cultures) by xenobiotics with respect to females

  12. Bluefin 9M AUV Survey of the Hubbard Glacier Morainal Bank: Proof-of-Concept Study of Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Investigations Proximal to a Tidewater Glacier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goff, J. A.; Gulick, S. P. S.; Lawson, D. E.; O'Halloran, W.

    2014-12-01

    Hubbard Glacier is one of the few advancing tidewater glaciers in the world, offering a premier opportunity for studying ice/sediment/seawater interactions at a tidewater glacier front that is in contact with the stabilizing submarine morainal bank. However, the seafloor and water column proximal to the ice face of a marine-terminating glacier is one of the most challenging and extreme environments imaginable for marine survey work. Frequently choked with constantly-shifting mélange ice at the sea surface and at risk from calving, surface vessels cannot operate safely proximal to the ice face. AUV (Autonomous Underwater Vehicle) technology provides an opportunity to survey in areas where surface vessels cannot. Operating well below the sea surface the AUV can operate without hindrance or danger to human operators. In addition, the AUV can be programmed to operate close to the seafloor at a constant altitude, enabling the finest-detail currently possible for acoustic seafloor mapping and consistent resolution irrespective of water depth. With these considerations in mind, we conducted a proof-of-concept survey of the Hubbard Glacier morainal bank in June, 2014. We utilized the Bluefin 9M, the smallest of their line of AUVs. Its size enabled deployment and recovery from a small charter fishing vessel well-suited to navigating through mélange-choked waters. The AUV's payload included a Klein UUV-3500 interferometric sonar (455/900 kHz), which enables acquisition of sidescan backscatter and swath bathymetry up to ~75 m to each side of the instrument from ~10 m altitude over the seabed, and sensors for measuring conductivity, temperature, depth (CTD) and optical backscatter (OBS). Although our operations were shortened due to an unfortunate failure in the sonar electronics, sufficient data were collected along the morainal bank to clearly prove the viability of AUV operations in this harsh environment. The data provide centimeter-scale seafloor detail close to the

  13. Comportamiento de la lepra en la provincia de Las Tunas, 2003-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha O León Cabrales

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, para determinar algunas características epidemiológicas de la incidencia de la lepra, que es una enfermedad transmisible, tan antigua como el hombre mismo. El universo estuvo constituido por los 103 casos notificados con lepra en la provincia de Las Tunas, en el período de enero de 2003 a diciembre de 2012. La información se obtuvo por las encuestas epidemiológicas existentes en el Departamento de Estadística de la Dirección Provincial de Salud y en el Centro Provincial de Higiene, Epidemiología y Microbiología. Se creó una base de datos en Epinfo versión 3.3.3, donde se tabularon los datos de las encuestas. El análisis de los resultados se expresó en números absolutos, tasas y porcentajes para su mejor interpretación, obteniéndose como resultado que la tasa de detección de casos tiene un comportamiento irregular, el año de mayor incidencia fue el 2009, con 20 casos. Se notificaron tres casos de lepra infantil; las formas paucibacilares representaron el 51,5%; el modo de detección más frecuente fue el espontáneo. Existe transmisión activa y todo ello puede ser reflejo de la ausencia de un trabajo consolidado en el programa de control de la enfermedad

  14. High connectivity on a global scale in the pelagic wahoo, Acanthocybium solandri (tuna family Scombridae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theisen, T C; Bowen, B W; Lanier, W; Baldwin, J D

    2008-10-01

    The population genetic structure and phylogeography of wahoo, Acanthocybium solandri, were investigated on a global scale with intron six of lactate dehydrogenase-A (ldhA6, 8 locations, N = 213) and mtDNA cytochrome b (Cytb, 10 locations, N = 322). Results show extensive sharing of haplotypes across the wahoo's entire global range, and analyses were unable to detect significant structure (nuclear F(ST) = 0.0125, P = 0.106; mtDNA Phi(ST) or = 0.0389 and mtDNA Phi(ST) > or = 0.0148. These findings appear unique, as most other tunas, billfishes, and oceanic sharks exhibit significant population structure on the scale of East-West Atlantic, Atlantic vs. Indian-Pacific, or East-West Pacific. Overall nuclear heterozygosity (H = 0.714) and mtDNA haplotype diversity (h = 0.918) are both high in wahoo, while overall mtDNA nucleotide diversity (pi = 0.006) and nuclear nucleotide diversity (pi = 0.004) are uniformly low, indicating a recent increase in population size. Coalescence analyses yield an estimate of effective female population size (NeF) at approximately 816,000, and a population bottleneck approximately 690,000 years ago. However, conclusions about population history from our Cytb data set are not concordant with a control region survey, a finding that will require further investigation. This is the first example of a vertebrate with a single globally distributed population, a finding we attribute to extensive dispersal at all life stages. The indications of a worldwide stock for wahoo reinforce the mandate for international cooperation on fisheries issues. PMID:19378403

  15. Risk Factors for Seabird Bycatch in a Pelagic Longline Tuna Fishery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Gilman

    Full Text Available Capture in global pelagic longline fisheries threatens the viability of some seabird populations. The Hawaii longline tuna fishery annually catches hundreds of seabirds, primarily Laysan (Phoebastria immutabilis and black-footed (P. nigripes albatrosses. Since seabird regulations were introduced in 2001, the seabird catch rate has declined 74%. However, over the past decade, seabird catch levels significantly increased due to significant increasing trends in both effort and nominal seabird catch rates. We modelled observer data using a spatio-temporal generalized additive mixed model with zero-inflated Poisson likelihood to determine the significance of the effect of various risk factors on the seabird catch rate. The seabird catch rate significantly increased as annual mean multivariate ENSO index values increased, suggesting that decreasing ocean productivity observed in recent years in the central north Pacific may have contributed to the increasing trend in nominal seabird catch rate. A significant increasing trend in number of albatrosses attending vessels, possibly linked to declining regional ocean productivity and increasing absolute abundance of black-footed albatrosses, may also have contributed to the increasing nominal seabird catch rate. Largest opportunities for reductions are through augmented efficacy of seabird bycatch mitigation north of 23° N where mitigation methods are required and during setting instead of during hauling. Both side vs. stern setting, and blue-dyed vs. untreated bait significantly reduced the seabird catch rate. Of two options for meeting regulatory requirements, side setting had a significantly lower seabird catch rate than blue-dyed bait. There was significant spatio-temporal and seasonal variation in the risk of seabird capture with highest catch rates in April and May and to the northwest of the main Hawaiian Islands.

  16. Spatial distribution and contamination assessment of heavy metals in urban topsoils from Las Tunas city (Cuba) using XRF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Concentrations of Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pb and Fe in the topsoils (0-10 cm) from Las Tunas city were measured by X-ray fluorescence analysis. The mean Cr, Co, Ni, Zn and Pb contents in the urban topsoil samples (97± 30, 14 ± 2, 35 ± 36, 94 ± 26, 199 ± 87 and 42 ± 29 mg.kg-1 respectively) were compared with mean concentrations for other cities around the world with similar population. Cr content in school grounds, parks and residential areas exceed background level in 20%. Highest content for Ni was determined in residential areas, for Zn in market gardens soils and as for Pb, the highest content ratios were observed for market gardens (2.7) and residential areas (2.3). Spatial distribution maps indicated the same behaviour for Cr-Co-Ni and Pb-Zn, respectively, whereas the spatial distribution of Cu differs from other heavy metals. On the other hand, the metal-to-iron normalisation, using (10-20) cm bottom soil contents as background, showed that topsoils in Las Tunas city are severe enriched with lead and not enriched with the rest of determined metals. The average values of integrated pollution index (IPI) indicated that soils are moderate contaminated by heavy metals (1.17 ≤ IPIave ≤ 1.39), but enrichment index values (EI) shows that metal concentrations on the studied locations are not above the permissible levels for urban agriculture. (Author)

  17. Changes in population structure and growth of skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis during 30 years of exploitation in the southwestern Atlantic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thais Garbin

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The skipjack tuna is the main tuna species caught in Brazil with pole and live-bait. Samples taken during 1984-1986 and the 2004-2009 periods provided length, weight and age data. A comparison of the population structure was made showing a decrease in the median and means of fork length in the 80's (median: 55 cm and recent years (median: 51 cm, an increased participation of smaller individuals (40 cm in recent catches, a high variability of lengths in each year class and a decrease of the condition factor K. These results indicate alterations in the population structure and dynamics. The von Bertalanffy growth parameters calculated for the recent years were L∞= 669 mm; k = 0.24 yr-1; t o = -3.8. CPUE data for the studied period seems to be stable (mean annual catch of 20,000 ton. However, the unit of effort used in Brazil (fishing days does not reflect changes in fishing power and technology properly as occurred during 30 years of exploitation. It is concluded that the present situation requires a close monitoring of the fishery.

  18. Fisher-Level Decision Making to Participate in Fisheries Improvement Projects (FIPs) for Yellowfin Tuna in the Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berentsen, Paul; Bush, Simon R.; Digal, Larry; Oude Lansink, Alfons

    2016-01-01

    This study identifies the capabilities needed by small-scale fishers to participate in Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs) for yellowfin tuna in the Philippines. The current literature provides little empirical evidence on how different models, or types of FIPs, influence the participation of fishers in their programs and the degree which FIPs are able to foster improvements in fishing practices. To address this literature gap, two different FIPs are empirically analysed, each with different approaches for fostering improvement. The first is the non-governmental organisation-led Partnership Programme Towards Sustainable Tuna, which adopts a bottom-up or development oriented FIP model. The second is the private-led Artesmar FIP, which adopts a top-down or market-oriented FIP approach. The data were obtained from 350 fishers surveyed and were analysed using two separate models run in succession, taking into consideration full, partial, and non-participation in the two FIPs. The results demonstrate that different types of capabilities are required in order to participate in different FIP models. Individual firm capabilities are more important for fishers participation in market-oriented FIPs, which use direct economic incentives to encourage improvements in fisher practices. Collective capabilities are more important for fishers to participate in development-oriented FIPs, which drive improvement by supporting fishers, fisher associations, and governments to move towards market requirements. PMID:27732607

  19. The age of the Tunas formation in the Sauce Grande basin-Ventana foldbelt (Argentina): Implications for the Permian evolution of the southwestern margin of Gondwana

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Gamundí, Oscar; Fildani, Andrea; Weislogel, Amy; Rossello, Eduardo

    2013-08-01

    New SHRIMP radiogenic isotope dating on zircons in tuffs (280.8 ± 1.9 Ma) confirms the Early Permian (Artinskian) age of the uppermost section of the Tunas Formation. Tuff-rich levels in the Tunas Formation are exposed in the Ventana foldbelt of central Argentina; they are part of a deltaic to fluvial section corresponding to the late overfilled stage of the Late Paleozoic Sauce Grande foreland basin. Recent SHRIMP dating of zircons from the basal Choiyoi volcanics exposed in western Argentina yielded an age of 281.4 ± 2.5 Ma (Rocha-Campos et al., 2011). The new data for the Tunas tuffs suggest that the volcanism present in the Sauce Grande basin can be considered as the distal equivalent of the earliest episodes of the Choiyoi volcanism of western Argentina. From the palaeoclimatic viewpoint the new Tunas SHRIMP age confirms that by early Artinskian glacial conditions ceased in the Sauce Grande basin and, probably, in adajacent basins in western Gondwana.

  20. Estabilidad en el almacenamiento congelado de rebanadas de lomo de atún rojo (Thunnus sp. empacadas en atmósfera modificada con CO2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myrna Luisa Medina Bracamonte

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La disponibilidad atún rojo fresco, entero y rebanado, como todo producto pesquero fresco está restringida para los consumidores en zonas distantes a los centros de producción por su estabilidad limitada en el almacenamiento. Por ello la industria pesquera en general, en la época de mayor producción, recurre a la congelación para conservar el excedente de producción, y al empacado para protegerlo del ambiente frío y seco del congelador, evitar su deshidratación y “quemaduras por frío”. El surgimiento del Empacado en Atmósfera Modificada como alternativa para incrementar la vida útil de productos alimenticios despertó la inquietud de evaluar la estabilidad de rebanadas de lomo de atún rojo (Thunnus sp. fresco, congeladas y empacadas con 100 % de CO2 durante su almacenamiento a las temperaturas convencionales para su distribución y venta, -10 y -18 ºC, evaluando la estabilidad química, física, microbiológica y sensorial de las rebanadas de lomo de atún rojo durante ≈ 4 meses de almacenamiento congelado. El 50 % de las rebanadas se congeló a -10 ºC (Tratamiento 1 y el 50 % restante a -18 ºC (Tratamiento 2. Las rebanadas congeladas se empacaron individualmente, el 50 % en atmósfera de 100 % de CO2 conservando la proporción 1:2 (rebanada:gas y el 50 % restante en atmósfera de aire. Se almacenaron a la temperatura correspondiente: Tratamiento 1 a -10 ºC y Tratamiento 2 a -18 ºC durante 111 días. Al final del almacenamiento el tratamiento P2 (100 % CO2 ofreció mejor barrera a la pérdida de humedad, favoreció la estabilidad de la fracción de proteínas solubles en solución salina. Las muestras P2 tuvieron mayor aceptación sensorial, fueron las más oscuras y rojas, con menor recuento microbiológico, coincidiendo con el menor contenido en bases volátiles totales. A -10 ºC la atmósfera de 100 % de CO2 no evitó la “quemadura por frío” y los panelistas percibieron el “olor a pescado”.

  1. UNIVERSITAS: A PROJECT WITH A HUMANIST AND INTEGRAL CULTURE APPROACH IN LAS TUNAS UNIVERSITY CENTER / UNIVERSITAS: PROYECTO POR UN PERFIL HUMANISTA Y DE CULTURA INTEGRAL EN EL CENTRO UNIVERSITARIO DE LAS TUNAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Macías Reyes

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available UNIVERSITAS is a project of sociocultural transformation in Las Tunas university center, with the aim to impel the development of the integral culture in the university community. The knowledge and deepening in the needs, interests, hoping, ways of thinking and acting; in an analysis of the reality, ease the elaboration of the project; which enriches the cultural spectrum of the university community. It is supported by a body of theoretical and methodological budget. Its system of actions is based on newness ideas bind to mechanism of supervisory as: the coordinator group of the project, the orientation bureau, and at the same time the functioning of fixed spaces as: the university theater, the room for exhibitions, Univideo, student’ house, ropes, voices, university and creators, a date with craftsman, dance and music.

  2. Specific activity and derived intervention levels for cesium-137 in Costa Rican export goods: tuna fish, coffee and powdered milk

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cesium-137 is a fission product of 235U and 239Pu. After a major nuclear accident, it is released into the atmosphere and in the far field region it will produce radioactively contaminated food and drinking water. This paper will study the specific activity of 137Cs in three Costa Rican export products: tuna fish, coffee and powdered milk. The average specific activities found are as follows: 0.89 ± 0.41, 1.16 ± 0.76 and 4.53 ± 2.00 Bq kg-1. They represent low values compared to their derived intervention levels: 1.25 x 107, 1.25 x 107 and 2.44 x 105 Bq kg-1, respectively. (Author)

  3. EL FENÓMENO SOCIO RELIGIOSO EN LAS TUNAS. EL PENTECOSTALISMO Y SU INFLUENCIA PARA UNA CONCEPCIÓN IDENTITARIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Antonio Lalana Torres

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El pentecostalismo como componente del campo religioso del territorio de Victoria de Las Tunas, los aportes a la identidad cultural son los hilos conductores de este trabajo. Comprende además un análisis del proceso de asentamiento y desarrollo del mismo a partir del análisis de las fuentes históricas y socioculturales. Su génesis primaria responde a condicionantes propias de las transformaciones de Europa Occidental durante el siglo XVI y, consciente o no sus fundadores promulgaron las bases para el correlato religioso del nuevo orden socio económico que se gestaba: el capitalismo. Las implicaciones a la identidad cultural en las regiones donde se asentaron y desarrollaron este tipo de denominaciones generaron comportamientos interesantes que constituyen un importante objeto de estudio para su mejor comprensión. ABSTRACT Pentecostalism as a component of the religious field of the territory of Victoria de Las Tunas, contributions to cultural identity are the threads of this work. It includes an analysis of the process of settlement and development of the same from the analysis of historical and sociocultural sources. Its primary genesis responds to own conditions of transformations of Western Europe during the sixteenth century and, consciously or not its founders enacted the basis for the religious correlate the new socioeconomic order that was brewing: capitalism. The implications for cultural identity in the regions where they settled and developed this kind of names generated interesting behaviors that constitute an important object of study for better understanding.

  4. COMPORTAMIENTO DE MORTALIDAD EN EL SERVICIO DE NEFROLOGÍA. AÑOS 2009-2010. LAS TUNAS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez López Jose Luis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: One of the fundamental problems that the Nefrología faces in the current time is the growing number of patient with Inadequacy Renal Terminal Chronicle that you/they require substitute treatments of the renal function to survive. Objectives: To analyze the behavior of the mortality and the factors that influenced in the patients that were carried out treatment of chronic hemodiálisis during the years 2009-2010 in the service of Nefrología of the Hospital G. Doc "Dr. Ernesto Guevara of the Serna", Las Tunas City. Method: He/she was carried out a descriptive-retrospective study of traverse court 2 years old 2009-2010, in the service of Nefrología of the Hospital G. Doc. "Dr. Ernesto Guevara of the Serna" of The Tunas that it analyzed the mortality in patient with treatment of chronic hemodiálisis. The sample was constituted by 36 deceaseds. Results: The cause of Inadequacy Renal more frequent Terminal Chronicle was the Arterial Hypertension, most of the deceaseds had more than 65 years of age and a strong association existed among the beginning way, attention previous nefrológica, type of vascular access and time of permanency in hemodiálisis. The cardiovascular illnesses went those more associated to The Inadequacy Renal Chronicle and they constituted the main causes of death, followed by the sepsis. Most of the carried out autopsies had pathological clinical relationship. Conclusions: We recommend to increase the pesquizaje of patient with Inadequacy Renal Chronicle in the Primary Attention of Health for their precocious remission to the nefrólogo, it stops this way to slow their progression to the terminal phase and to achieve their best preparation for the treatment dialítico and the renal transplant, what will allow a better quality of life and a decrease of the mortality.

  5. Evaluación del estado mental de los pacientes centenarios en Las Tunas, diciembre 2007- agosto 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisset del Carmen Romero Portelles

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El envejecimiento de la población en Cuba es similar al de muchos países desarrollados, y se encuentra entre los que tienen un índice más elevado dentro del grupo de países en desarrollo. Se realizó un trabajo descriptivo observacional  en la provincia de Las Tunas, en el período diciembre 2007- agosto 2008, con el propósito de caracterizar el estado cognitivo-afectivo de los centenarios. El universo estuvo  constituido por 97 ancianos; una vez validada su edad, la muestra quedó conformada con 95 centenarios. Se aplicaron los instrumentos Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE y Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR y se estudiaron las siguientes variables: estado cognitivo, estado de ánimo, satisfacción con la vida, nivel de tensión y la percepción de eventos vitales. El dato primario provino de las entrevistas realizadas, y para el análisis estadístico se creó una hoja de cálculo en Excel. Se utilizaron técnicas de distribución de frecuencias; para las variables cuantitativas se empleó la proporción en porcentaje. En la muestra de individuos centenarios que vivían en la provincia de Las Tunas, al momento del estudio, predominaron los que no presentaban deterioro cognitivo ni depresión, tuvieron  satisfacción alta con la vida, nivel bajo de tensión y no se afectaban con los eventos vitales. Las positivas características psicológicas y de resiliencia, unidas a un entorno psicosocial favorable, se relacionan con la larga supervivencia de los individuos estudiados.

  6. MARICULTURE ON CROATIAN ISLANDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordana Šarušić

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available The first attempts of intensive mariculture in Croatia commenced at the very beginning of 1980’s. The mid-eighties brought an expansion of mariculture production, which has been continuously increasing. A few different marine organisms are intensively cultured - both fish and shellfish. Among them commercially most important and highly valued species are sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax and sea bream Sparus aurata. Mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis and oyster Ostrea edulis are the most important shellfish. Fish species such as dentex Dentex dentex, red sea bream Pagrus major and sheepshead bream Puntazzo puntazzo are reared too, but in a rather small quantities. Only recently the rearing, on-growing- of bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus started in Croatia. The juveniles (70% are reared in a Croatian hatcheries, and 30% has to be imported mainly from Italy and France, due to a higher demand for this kind of culture among the small growers. Croatian part of Adriatic sea possesses a number of geomorfologicaly suitable sites and meteorological conditions which determined the choice - type - of intensive culture. All fish species are reared in a floating cages. The choice of cages i. e. semi off-shore or floating frames, size, rearing volume and design depend on the investors personal preference. The annual turnouf of a market size bass was about 600t and 300t bream in 1996., by 10 island farms which is 70% of total production in Croatia. Including other cultured fish species last year production was up to 1000t, and it™s being estimated to be about 1300t in the following year. The shellfish production on the islands is usually individual attempt of farmers, producing minor quantities mostly in polyculture. This production has bigger potential but it’s limited owing to the EU quality control regulations which do not allow the export, and by domestic market which has drastically decreased due to the collapse of tourism during the recent war. Almost 80

  7. Three genetic stocks of frigate tuna Auxis thazard thazard (Lacepede, 1800) along the Indian coast revealed from sequence analyses of mitochondrial DNA D-loop region

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    GirishKumar; Kunal, S.P.; Menezes, M.R.; Meena, R.M.

    and maternal mode of inheritance, which makes it a sensitive indicator of genetic drift resulting from geographical subdivision (Lindak & Paul 1994; Garber et al. 2005). Sequence analyses involving the rapidly mutating mtDNA control region has been used... size for Port-Blair was small (N = 14) and, because of maternal mode of inheritance, mtDNA variability offers only a partial view of frigate tuna biology and population histories. Therefore, further studies with complementary genetic markers (i...

  8. Duration of unassisted swimming activity for spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata) calves: implications for mother-calf separation during tuna purse-seine sets

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards, Elizabeth F.

    2006-01-01

    Size-related differences in power production and swim speed duration may contribute to the observed deficit of nursing calves in relation to lactating females killed in sets by tuna purse-seiners in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean (ETP). Power production and swim-speed duration were estimated for northeastern spotted dolphins (Stenella attenuata), the species (neonate through adult) most often captured by the fishery. Power required by neonates to swim unassisted was 3.6 times that require...

  9. Global pollution monitoring of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), furans (PCDFs) and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (coplanar PCBs) using skipjack tuna as bioindicator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ueno, D.; Watanabe, M.; Subraminian, A.N.; Tanabe, S. [Ehime Univ. (Japan); Tanaka, H. [National Research Inst. of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea (Japan); Fillmann, G. [Fundacao Univ. Federal do Rio Grande (Brazil); Lam, P.K.S.; Zheng, G.J. [City Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Muchtar, M.; Razak, H. [Indonesian Inst. of Sciences (Indonesia); Prudente, M. [De La Salle Univ. (Philippines); Chung, K. [Sungkyunkwan Univ. (Korea)

    2004-09-15

    Worldwide contamination by dioxins and related compounds, such as polychlorinated dibenzop- dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (coplanar PCBs) representing persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been of great concern due to their persistency in the environment, highly bioaccumulative nature and adverse effects on wildlife and humans. Several studies on air samples and marine organisms from open seas suggested a long range transport of these compounds through atomosphere. Although several investigators have monitored dioxins pollution in localized areas, information on the global distribution of dioxins which can explain their atomospheric transport, behavior and fate are still limited. Skipjack tuna is primarily distributed from offshore waters to open seas in tropical and temperate regions almost all over the world such as the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans6. This species is an important commercial fish and its ecology and biology has been well studied. Moreover, suitability of skipjack tuna for global monitoring of organic pollutants (DDTs, HCHs PBDEs, organotins, etc.) has been established in our previous report, indicating that migration pattern, growth stage and sex of these animals have no or little effect on the variations of POPs residue levels in their bodies. Hence this species reflected POPs pollution levels in seawater when and where they were collected, caused by the rapid equilibrium partitioning between seawater and body lipid. These facts made skipjack tuna a suitable bioindicator for monitoring the contamination status of dioxins and related compounds. The objectives of this study are to elucidate the global distribution of dioxins (PCDD/Fs and coplanar PCBs) in offshore waters and open seas, and to understand the transport and behaviour of these chemicals using skipjack tuna as bioindicator.

  10. Physical and chemical properties of tuna-skin and bovine-hide gelatin films with added aqueous oregano and rosemary extracts

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Estaca, Joaquín; Montero García, Pilar; Fernández Martín, Fernando; Alemán, A.; Gómez Guillén, M. C.

    2009-01-01

    The properties of edible, gelatin-based films with added oregano or rosemary extract (two different concentrations) were studied. Gelatins from different sources (bovine-hides and tuna-skins) were employed with a view to elucidating how inherent gelatin characteristics may affect interaction of the gelatin with the polyphenols in the added extract and hence the properties of the resulting films. The bovine-hide gelatin reacted only slightly with the polyphenols in the extracts as shown by the...

  11. Present and Future Potential Habitat Distribution of Carcharhinus falciformis and Canthidermis maculata By-Catch Species in the Tropical Tuna Purse-Seine Fishery under Climate Change

    OpenAIRE

    Lezama-Ochoa, Nerea; Murua, Hilario; Chust, Guillem; van Loon, Emiel; Ruiz, Jon; Hall, Martin; Chavance, Pierre; Delgado De Molina, Alicia; Villarino, Ernesto

    2016-01-01

    By-catch species from tropical tuna purse seine fishery have been affected by fishery pressures since the last century; however, the habitat distribution and the climate change impacts on these species are poorly known. With the objective of predicting the potential suitable habitat for a shark (Carcharhinus falciformis) and a teleost (Canthidermis maculata) in the Indian, Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans, a MaxEnt species distribution model (SDM) was developed using data collected by obse...

  12. Present and future potential habitat distribution of Carcharhinus falciformis and Canthidermis maculata by-catch species in the tropical tuna purse-seine fishery under climate change

    OpenAIRE

    Nerea eLezama Ochoa; Hilario eMurua; Guillem eChust; Emiel eVan Loon; Jon eRuiz; Martin eHall; Pierre eChavance; Alicia eDelgado de Molina; Ernesto eVillarino

    2016-01-01

    By-catch species from tropical tuna purse seine fishery have been affected by fishery pressures since the last century; however, the habitat distribution and the climate change impacts on these species are poorly known. With the objective of predicting the potential suitable habitat for a shark (Carcharhinus falciformis) and a teleost (Canthidermis maculata) in the Indian, Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans, a MaxEnt species distribution model (SDM) was developed using data collected by obse...

  13. IDENTIFICATION OF OCEANOGRAPHIC PARAMETERS FOR DETERMINING PELAGIC TUNA FISHING GROUND IN THE NORTH PAPUA WATERS USING MULTI-SENSOR SATELLITE DATA

    OpenAIRE

    VlNCENTIUS SlREGAR; HAROLD JOPPIE DAVIDO WAAS

    2006-01-01

    The North Papua waters as one of the important fi shing grounds in the world contribute approximately 75% of world production of pelagic tunas. These fishing grounds are still determined by hunting method. This method is time consuming and costly. However, in many areas determination of fishing ground using satellited data lias been applied by detecting the important oceanographic parameter of the presence of fish schooling such as, sea surface temperature and chlorophyl. Mostly these paramet...

  14. 远洋金枪鱼围网渔船总布置特征%General Arrangement Features for Pelagic Fishing Boat of Tuna Purse Net

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙文志; 卢振义; 张维英; 李明; 刁有明

    2011-01-01

    在收集一些实船图纸资料,实船调查、总结和分析的基础上,阐述了远洋金枪鱼围网渔船总布置的基本原则及其特征,同时根据远洋金枪鱼围网渔船的渔捞作业特点,说明了渔捞设备布置形式和作业流程,以及"内胆式"浓盐水舱速冻作业流程及其特点.可为远洋金枪鱼围网渔船总布置设计提供参考.%The basic principles and features of general arrangement of pelagic tuna purse net are expounded based on collecting some drawing and deep investigation on existed ships. According to the operating characteristics of tuna purse net, the general form of fishing equipment and technological process are also presented and the quick-freezes operation technological process and their characteristics of brine cabin which form is lining are depicted. It provides a reference model for pelagic fishing boat of tuna purse net general arrangement design.

  15. Enhancement of ACE and prolyl oligopeptidase inhibitory potency of protein hydrolysates from sardine and tuna by-products by simulated gastrointestinal digestion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Alvarez, Oscar; Batista, Irineu; Ramos, Cristina; Montero, Pilar

    2016-04-20

    This work was focused on the study of the bioactive potential of three fish protein hydrolysates, one of them prepared from industrial sardine by-products (head and viscera) and the others from tuna by-products (head, and muscle and viscera). These protein hydrolysates exhibited moderate ability to inhibit Angiotensin Converting Enzyme or ACE (IC50 between 0.24-1.16 mg dry weight per ml) and prolyl oligopeptidase or PO (IC50 between 3.30-9.57 mg ml(-1)), those obtained from tuna by-products being the most effective. Overall, ACE- and PO-inhibiting activities were enhanced by sequential nanofiltration through 3 and 1 kDa MWCO membranes (IC50 between 0.02-0.16 mg ml(-1) (ACE) and 1.10-4.21 mg ml(-1) (PO)). The inhibitory properties of the hydrolysates were greatly improved by in vitro gastric digestion, and were barely affected by further intestinal digestion. The digested tuna hydrolysates, mainly that from heads, proved to be the best source of PO- and ACE- inhibiting molecules (IC50 = 0.16 mg ml(-1) (ACE) and 1.04 mg ml(-1) (PO)) and could be potential new ingredients in food with interest in the prevention or treatment of cardiovascular and neurological diseases. PMID:27045751

  16. Early developmental characteristics of external apparatus of bluefin leatherjacket Thamnaconus modestus%绿鳍马面鲀外部器官的早期发育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关健; 刘洪军; 郑永允; 李祥东; 于道德; 陈海滨; 官曙光

    2012-01-01

    This study described the developmental characteristics of external apparatus during early life stages of bluefin leatherjacket, Thamnaconus modestus. The developmental morphological characteristics of 11 external apparatus were recorded and described in detail. 1) Mouth; opened at 2-3 dph(days post hatching), then grew continuously except at the stagnation stage (24-28 dph). 2) Eyes: pigment appeared at 1 dph, choroids formed and the pupil was black at 3 dph, sclera formed at 4 dph, rim of the eye appeared at 14 dph, and the eye form was same with adults at 40 dph basically. 3) First dorsal fin spine: anlage appeared at 3 dph, fin spine formed initially at 7-8 dph, protruded out of body at 10 dph, development finished roughly at 14 dph, and the shape was the same with adult at 60dph basically. 4) Girdles and pelvic fin spine: Girdles appeared at 5 dph, pelvic fin spine grew fast at 5-7 dph, and shunk from l0dph, all pelvic fin spine off at 30 dph. The shape of girdles was the same with adult at 60 dph. 5) Pectoral fin: fin membrane thickened and the fin ray formed at 15dph, developed completely at 30 dph. 6) Dorsal fin and anal fin: fin suspensorium and fin ray appeared at 14 dph, fin ray developed completely at 24dph, and the shape at 60 dph was the same with adult's. 7) Caudal peduncle: caudal vertebra was straight until 14dph, some fin ray anlage appeared under the tail end of notochord at 16 dph. The tail end of notochord up-curved, fin ray developed completely and sub-section at 16-24 dph. Caudal fin turned into rotundity at 50 dph. 8) Scales and skin: epidermis thickened at 8dph, the compact epidermis appeared first at head, full body covered by scales at 40dph, turned into withy leathery epidermis. 9) Abdomen and splanchnic zone: yolk-sac was absorbed, anus and the first intestinal loop formed at 2 dph, oil ball disappeared and the fish larvae fed on the oyster larvae. The anlages of liver, kidney and swim bladder appeared at 8-12 dph, and the three organ

  17. Aniversario XXX de la creación del Centro Provincial de Información de Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edenny Reina Castillo Montes de Oca

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available El 4 de enero de 1984 se inauguró el Centro Provincial de Información de Ciencias Médicas de Las Tunas, lo que permitió organizar la Red Provincial de Bibliotecas Médicas y con ello crear nuevos escenarios para desarrollar la actividad científico - informativa en el territorio; con la apertura de una biblioteca en cada unidad de salud. El Centro inicialmente estuvo ubicado en un pequeño local cercano a la biblioteca del Hospital “Dr. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna”. En el año 1988; con la misión, la visión y los objetivos de trabajo de su objeto social bien definidos, fue trasladado para la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Zoilo Marinello Vidaurreta”, de la provincia de Las Tunas y al crearse la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas en esta provincia, el Centro Provincial de Información pasa a ser una dependencia directa de la misma. En la primera década se sentaron las bases de lo que es hoy el Sistema Provincial de Información de Ciencias de la Salud, constituido por 25 bibliotecas médicas distribuidas en toda la geografía tunera, con la misión de: “garantizar la prestación de servicios de información científico tecnológica a la comunidad de profesionales que conforman el sector de la salud en la provincia, con el fin de elevar la calidad de la asistencia, la investigación, la docencia, la dirección y la cultura médica nueva y propiciar el hallazgo de soluciones que posibiliten enfrentar los problemas de salud”. Durante estos 30 años, los trabajadores de la información en el territorio han laborado con verdadera dedicación para cumplir cada tarea encomendada, asumir los retos del desarrollo continuo de la ciencia, asimilar las nuevas tecnologías y brindar a nuestros usuarios servicios y productos de alto valor informacional. La movilización de recursos lograda a través de los proyectos de la Red Nacional de Salud INFOMED, entre los cuales figuran: Proyecto SIDA, Proyecto para la Promoción de Publicaciones

  18. CONTRIBUTE TO THE CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF LAS TUNAS CITY OF DIOSCÓRIDE T. FUERTE BORGES / APORTES AL DESARROLLO CULTURAL DE LAS TUNAS DE DIOSCÓRIDE T. BORGES FUERTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia Susana Hernández Moreno

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this investigation it was carried out a valuation of the elements that distinguish the cultural work of Dioscóride T. Borges Fuerte and their contributions to the cultural development of Las Tunas, through the significance of their cultural chore, to become an artisan Luthiers of great relevance. It is sought to achieve the recognition of a personality of the culture, illustrating in the document that contains their history of life their contributions and taxes from the luthiería to the cultural development of the county. In the investigation it was made use of the History of Life like qualitative method to achieve an approach to Borges' life and to reveal their contributions to the cultural development through their contribution to the music, the construction of guitars, formation of new generations and innovation in the luthiería. The reach and transcendency of the work of the eminent Luthiers stands out among musicians, professors, students, personalities of the culture and manufacturers of guitars in the whole country.

  19. Optimizing Conditions for the Purification of Omega-3 Fatty Acids from the By-product of Tuna Canning Processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teti Estiasih

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This research studied the optimization conditions for separation and purification of omega-3 (&omega-3 fatty acids from the by-product of tuna canning processing by urea crystallization. Crystallization reaction conditions of urea inclusion (urea to fatty acid ratio (X1 and crystallization time(X2 were optimized using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM and a model was developed. Optimization results showed a quadratic polynomial regression equation of Y = 24.44X1+5.65X2-8.71XX1 2-0.19X22+1.171X1X2- 12.95. The maximum response was obtained at an urea to fatty acid ratio of 2.99:1 and a crystallization time of 23.64 h and predicted response of 90.44%. Analysis of variance showed that the urea to fatty acid ratio and crystallization time affected the response. Verification under optimal conditions showed that the purity of &omega-3 fatty acids was 89.64% and the enrichment was 2.85 fold. Verification result revealed that the predicted value from this model was reasonably close to the experimentally observed value. The urea crystallization process changed oil quality parameters including oxidation level (peroxide, anisidin, and totox values, Fe, Cu and P concentrations and moisture content and this were mostly due to the saponification process before urea crystallization.

  20. Metallomics investigations on potential binding partners of methylmercury in tuna fish muscle tissue using complementary mass spectrometric techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutscher, Daniel J; Sanz-Medel, Alfredo; Bettmer, Jörg

    2012-08-01

    In this study, the binding behaviour of methylmercury (MeHg(+)) towards proteins is investigated. Free sulfhydryl groups in cysteine residues are known to be the most likely binding partners, due to the high affinity of mercury to sulphur. However, detailed knowledge about discrete binding sites in living organisms has been so far scarce. A metallomics approach using different methods like size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) and liquid chromatography (LC) coupled to inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) as well as complementary mass spectrometric techniques (electrospray ionisation-tandem mass spectrometry, ESI-MS/MS) are combined to sequence and identify possible target proteins or peptides after enzymatic digestion. Potential targets for MeHg(+) in tuna fish muscle tissue are investigated using the certified reference material CRM464 as a model tissue. Different extraction procedures appropriate for the extraction of proteins are evaluated for their efficiency using isotope dilution analysis for the determination of total Hg in the extracts. Due to the high chemical stability of the mercury-sulphur bond, the bioconjugate can be quantitatively extracted with a combination of tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (TRIS) and sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS). Using different separation techniques such as SEC and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) it can be shown that major binding occurs to a high-molecular weight protein (M(w) > 200 kDa). A potential target protein, skeletal muscle myosin heavy chain, could be identified after tryptic digestion and capillary LC-ESI-MS/MS.

  1. CALIDAD DE LAS AGUAS DE LA CUENCA DEL RÍO NARANJO, MUNICIPIO MAJIBACOA, PROVINCIA LAS TUNAS PARA EL RIEGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Balmaseda Espinosa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La calidad de las aguas es uno de los elementos estudiados cuando se valora la sostenibilidad de las cuencas. El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar la aptitud de las aguas de la cuenca del río Naranjo, en la provincia Las Tunas, con fines de riego. Para el estudio, se tomaron seis puntos representativos de la cuenca (tres superficiales y tres subterráneos. El muestreo se hizo en dos momentos, húmedo y seco. La calidad se definió en base a los criterios de FAO y otros indicadores específicos para el riego. Las aguas de las fuentes subterráneas son no aptas para el riego de los cultivos agrícolas y las superficiales tienen restricciones ligeras a moderadas. Existe peligro de alcalinización de los suelos producto de las concentraciones de bicarbonato en las aguas. Por otra parte el sodio de las aguas puede pasar a la solución del suelo y sustituir al calcio y el magnesio causando la degradación de los suelos.

  2. Metazoan parasites in the head region of the bullet tuna Auxis rochei (Osteichthyes: Scombridae) from the western Mediterranean Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mele, S; Saber, S; Gómez-Vives, M J; Garippa, G; Alemany, F; Macías, D; Merella, P

    2015-11-01

    The head region of 72 bullet tuna Auxis rochei from the western Mediterranean Sea (south-east Spain and the Strait of Gibraltar) was examined for parasites. Seven metazoan species were found in the fish from south-east Spain: three monogeneans, two trematodes and two copepods, whereas only three species were isolated in the fish from the Strait of Gibraltar. A comparison of the levels of infection of the parasites according to fish size in south-east Spain showed that the prevalence of Didymozoon auxis and the mean abundance of Allopseudaxine macrova were higher in the larger hosts (range of fork length = 38-44 cm) than in the smaller ones (33-37 cm). A comparison of the parasite infections according to geographical region showed that the mean abundances of Nematobothriinae gen. sp. and Caligus bonito were higher in fish from south-east Spain than in those from the Strait of Gibraltar. A comparison of the parasite fauna of A. rochei from the Mediterranean Sea with the published data on Auxis spp. from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans revealed the closest similarity between the Mediterranean A. rochei and the Atlantic A. thazard.

  3. Impact of fish aggregation devices on tropical tuna' s behavioral pattern: A review%人工集鱼装置对热带金枪鱼类行为模式的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学昉; 朱国平; 孙满昌; 许柳雄

    2012-01-01

    金枪鱼类会聚集在漂浮物周围,人类依据该行为特性研制出人工集鱼装置(fish aggregation devices,FADs)诱集金枪鱼,从而使金枪鱼围网的产量和捕捞效率大幅提高.但目前科学界仍不确定FADs为何能够吸引金枪鱼以及其广泛使用是否会对金枪鱼资源和大洋中上层生态系统产生潜在影响.针对这些问题,国外学者展开了大量以FADs周围金枪鱼为研究对象的个体行为学试验.本文归纳并整理了过去30多年中较可靠和经典的相关试验,从金枪鱼的趋向性行为、集群行为、随附行为、摄食行为和垂直移动行为5个方面分别阐述了漂流FADs和锚泊FADs下金枪鱼的行为模式,并对国内今后开展相关研究的重点方向和注意事项进行了展望.%Tuna prefers to aggregate around floating objects. Based on this behavioral characteristic , people developed fish aggregation devices (FADs) to trap tuna, and made the catch and fishing efficiency of tuna purse seine fisheries improved greatly. However, there still exist uncertainties whether the FADs can attract tuna and what' s the potential impact of widely applying FADs in tuna purse seine fishery on tuna resources and oceanic pelagic ecosystem. Aiming at these uncertainties, scientists conducted a great deal experiments to study the behavioral biology of tuna around FADs. This paper reviewed the related classic and more credible experiments in the past 30 years, and summed up five behavioral patterns of the tunas around drifting and anchored FADs, i. e. , tropism behavior, schooling behavior, association behavior, feeding behavior, and vertical movement pattern. The related main research methods currently in use were introduced, and the issues on this subject needed to be paid great attention to were discussed.

  4. Influence of Amino Acid Compositions and Peptide Profiles on Antioxidant Capacities of Two Protein Hydrolysates from Skipjack Tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis Dark Muscle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang-Feng Chi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Influence of amino acid compositions and peptide profiles on antioxidant capacities of two protein hydrolysates from skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis dark muscle was investigated. Dark muscles from skipjack tuna were hydrolyzed using five separate proteases, including pepsin, trypsin, Neutrase, papain and Alcalase. Two hydrolysates, ATH and NTH, prepared using Alcalase and Neutrase, respectively, showed the strongest antioxidant capacities and were further fractionated using ultrafiltration and gel filtration chromatography. Two fractions, Fr.A3 and Fr.B2, isolated from ATH and NTH, respectively, showed strong radical scavenging activities toward 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radicals (EC50 1.08% ± 0.08% and 0.98% ± 0.07%, hydroxyl radicals (EC50 0.22% ± 0.03% and 0.48% ± 0.05%, and superoxide anion radicals (EC50 1.31% ± 0.11% and 1.56% ± 1.03% and effectively inhibited lipid peroxidation. Eighteen peptides from Fr.A3 and 13 peptides from Fr.B2 were isolated by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography, and their amino acid sequences were determined. The elevated antioxidant activity of Fr.A3 might be due to its high content of hydrophobic and aromatic amino acid residues (181.1 and 469.9 residues/1000 residues, respectively, small molecular sizes (3–6 peptides, low molecular weights (524.78 kDa, and amino acid sequences (antioxidant score 6.11. This study confirmed that a smaller molecular size, the presence of hydrophobic and aromatic amino acid residues, and the amino acid sequences were the key factors that determined the antioxidant activities of the proteins, hydrolysates and peptides. The results also demonstrated that the derived hydrolysates and fractions from skipjack tuna (K. pelamis dark muscles could prevent oxidative reactions and might be useful for food preservation and medicinal purposes.

  5. Review on Detecting Techniques of Histamine of Tuna%金枪鱼组胺检测技术研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘书臣; 廖明涛; 林森森; 赵巧灵; 戴志远

    2014-01-01

    Histamine is an nitrogenous organic compound with low molecular weight. Generally , it has potential hazard to human health, and always existed in food, especially in some red meat fish like tuna. Ingesting excessive histamine could cause toxicity to human , and histamine has been one of the standards to judge the meat quality of tuna. The detecting techniques of histamine of tuna were reviewed in this paper , including spectrophotometry, reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography, ion chromatograph, thin layer chromatography, capillary electrophoretic, electrochemical method and colorimetric method, and the prospect of the future development was made.%组胺是一种有潜在危害的含氮低分子量有机化合物,广泛存在于各种食品中,在以金枪鱼为代表的红肉鱼中容易大量产生。摄入过量的组胺会对人体产生危害,组胺已经成为判断金枪鱼质量的标准之一。对近年来金枪鱼肉中组胺的检测技术进行了综述,包括分光光度法、反相高效液相色谱法、离子色谱法、薄层色谱法、毛细管电泳法、电化学法和比色法等,并对检测技术的研究前景进行了展望。

  6. Límites máximos de residuos e intervalos de seguridad de plaguicidas en tuna, Opuntia ficus-indica

    OpenAIRE

    Aldama Aguilera, Cristóbal

    2012-01-01

    Dado que no existen plaguicidas registrados para el manejo fitosanitario de las plagas que afectan la producción de tuna, Opuntia ficus-indica (L) Miller 1768, se propusieron límites máximos de residuos (LMRs) de siete plaguicidas en esta fruta. En la evaluación del riesgo dietético crónico se estimaron los niveles de exposición con los métodos de Ingesta Diaria Teórica Máxima (IDTM) e Ingesta Diaria Estimada (IDE). En 2006, se realizaron dos aplicaciones de los plagui...

  7. Integración Ganadería Agricultura en una pequeña finca familiar. CCSF José Santiago Ercilla, Las Tunas

    OpenAIRE

    González Espinosa, Ángel; Funes Aguilar, Fernando

    2013-01-01

    La integración agroecológica diversificada permite mayor eficiencia, uso racional de recursos, complementando la agricultura y pecuaria y el campesino logra, con recursos propios ser menos vulnerable ante el cambio climático y ataque de plagas. Se presentan resultados de la finca “Las Palmitas” en Villanueva, Las Tunas, en 16.4 ha., con objetivo de diversificar e integrar la producción para lograr alimentos sanos, libres de agrotóxicos de forma eficiente y sostenible, y uso racional de recurs...

  8. Annual estimates of the unobserved incidental kill of pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata attenuata) calves in the tuna purse-seine fishery of the eastern tropical Pacific

    OpenAIRE

    Archer, Frederick; Gerrodette, Tim; Chivers, Susan; Jackson, Alan

    2004-01-01

    We estimated the total number of pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata) mothers killed without their calves (“calf deficit”) in all tuna purse-seine sets from 1973– 90 and 1996–2000 in the eastern tropical Pacific. Estimates were based on a tally of the mothers killed as reported by color pattern and gender, several color-pattern-based frequency tables, and a weaning model. Over the time series, there was a decrease in the calf deficit from approximately 2800 for the western-souther...

  9. Measurement and analysis of sinking characteristics of tuna purse seine%金枪鱼围网沉降特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许柳雄; 王敏法; 叶旭昌; 兰光查

    2011-01-01

    根据沿围网下纲缚扎的10只温度深度计(TDR-2050型)自动记录的23网次有效数据,对中国中西太平洋金枪鱼围网的下纲沉降速度、沉降深度及其与时间的关系进行了研究.结果表明:(1)网具未达到理论沉降深度,网具中部平均沉降深度为160m,为最大拉紧高度(311.1 m)的51.4%;(2)网具中部沉降深度与时间的关系为h=- 0.000 2t2+ 0.3663 t;(3)网具各部位的沉降速度不同,取鱼部最慢,网具中部次之,后网头最快;(4)下纲各部位沉降速度均随着深度的增加而减小,沉降速度波动幅度随深度增加按“大—小—大”的规则变化;(5)网具中部沉降速度与时间的关系为:v=3×10-7t2-7×10-4t+0.418 9.本研究结果可为改善金枪鱼围网沉降性能提供基础数据,并为海上生产提供指导性参考.%We quantified the sinking depth and sinking speed of tuna purse seines. We attached a micro-temperature and depth recorder (10 TDR-2050) to a purse seine on the "JINHUI NO.6" vessel (Shanghai Pelagic Fishing Company) and collected data from 23 sets in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) between October and December 2006. The sinking depth did not achieve the theoretical maximum sinking depth, instead accounting for 51.4% of the maximum stretched height (311.1m) of the netting. The relationship between the sinking depth (h) and time (t) for the mid section of leadline can be described using the formula: h = -0.000 2 t2+ 0.366 3 t (R2=0.998 3). The sinking speed differed among the sections of the lead line. The fastest sinking speed was recorded at the back wing end, followed by the mid section and the bulk. The sinking speed decreased with depth, the deeper the sinking depth of leadline, the lower the sinking speed. Fluctuations in the confidence interval of the average sinking speed of leadline followed a pattern of large-small-large as the depth increased. The relationship between the sinking speed (v) and time (t) at the

  10. Identification of factors influencing shark catch and mortality in the Marshall Islands tuna longline fishery and management implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bromhead, D; Clarke, S; Hoyle, S; Muller, B; Sharples, P; Harley, S

    2012-04-01

    Recent average annual catches of sharks by tuna longline vessels fishing in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) are estimated to be between 1583 and 2274 t. Although 22 shark species have been recorded by the observer programme for this fishery, 80% of the annual catch comprises only five species: blue shark Prionace glauca, silky shark Carcharhinus falciformis, bigeye thresher shark Alopias superciliosus, pelagic thresher shark Alopias pelagicus and oceanic whitetip shark Carcharhinus longimanus. Wire leaders (i.e. branch lines or traces) were also used by nearly all observed vessels. Generalized additive model (GAM)-based analyses of catch rates indicated that P. glauca and A. superciliosus are caught in higher numbers when vessels fish in relatively cooler waters, at night, close to the full moon, when the 27° C thermocline is close to the surface and during El Niño conditions. In contrast, C. falciformis, A. pelagicus and C. longimanus are caught in higher numbers when shark lines are used (all three species) or hooks are set at a shallow depth (A. pelagicus and C. longimanus and, also, P. glauca). These findings are generally consistent with current knowledge of these species' habitat preferences, movement and distribution. The results of these analyses were combined with information pertaining to shark condition and fate upon capture to compare the likely effectiveness of a range of potential measures for reducing shark mortality in the longline fishery. Of the options considered, the most effective would be to combine measures that reduce the catch rate (e.g. restrictions on the use of wire leaders, shark baits and shark lines) with measures that increase survival rates after post-capture release (e.g. finning bans). PMID:22497410

  11. Comportamiento del síndrome de inmovilización. Hogar de Ancianos, Las Tunas, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirian Thomas Santiesteban

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal para describir el comportamiento de la inmovilización en el Hogar de Ancianos Carlos Pupo Font, de la provincia de Las Tunas, durante el año 2011. El universo lo constituyeron la totalidad de pacientes institucionalizados y la muestra estuvo conformada por 98 pacientes con algún tipo de inmovilización. Las variables a medir fueron: tipo de inmovilidad, edad, sexo, raza, hábitos tóxicos, estado mental, cambios fisiológicos ocurridos con el envejecimiento, enfermedades frecuentes, complicaciones y factores sociales. La información se obtuvo de la revisión de historias clínicas, fue procesada estadísticamente usando el Microsoft Excel, los resultados se mostraron a través de tablas y gráficos y se compararon con la literatura nacional e internacional. Se obtuvo predominio de pacientes con inmovilización relativa; el grupo de edad más afectado fue de 75 a 84 años, el sexo femenino, la raza blanca y el estado mental correspondiente a los demenciados; el hábito tóxico predominante fue el café; los cambios fisiológicos con el envejecimiento y las enfermedades más frecuentes corresponden a las del aparato músculo esquelético; las complicaciones predominantes fueron las digestivas seguidas por las respiratorias.

  12. Factores de riesgo para la enteropatía parasitaria en niños del municipio Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arley Fajardo Ochoa

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio analítico de tipo caso control, con el objetivo de determinar los factores de riesgo para la enteropatía parasitaria, como principal causa del síndrome de malabsorción intestinal en niños del municipio de Las Tunas durante el año 2011. El mismo fue realizado en el Hospital Pediátrico Provincial “Mártires de Las Tunas”, con una muestra de 87 pacientes que formaron parte del grupo de estudio, cuyos datos se recolectaron de la consulta médica de gastroenterología en el policlínico de consulta externa de dicha unidad asistencial y 174 en el grupo control, tomados de pacientes que acudieron a la consulta de urología, paralela en tiempo y contigua a la de gastroenterología. A cada grupo se le realizó un interrogatorio y examen físico exhaustivo, que permitió recoger todos los posibles factores de riesgo existentes. Para la determinación de los factores de riesgo se utilizaron los paquetes de programas estadísticos Epinfo versión 6, en el que se realizaron análisis univariados y se evaluó el ODDS RATIO, intervalo de confianza y probabilidad. El procesamiento de los datos se realizó con un 95% de confiabilidad. Los factores de riesgo asociados a la enteropatía parasitaria fueron: pertenecer al sexo masculino, los hábitos higiénicos inadecuados, estado nutricional inadecuado, la ingestión de agua sin hervir y la evacuación de excretas no sanitarias. Se recomienda realizar estudios analíticos para determinar la asociación de otros factores de riesgo, con vistas a establecer programas de intervención en estos pacientes.

  13. Global pollution monitoring of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), furans (PCDFs) and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (coplanar PCBs) using skipjack tuna as bioindicator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to elucidate the global distribution of dioxins and related compounds, such as PCDDs, PCDFs and coplanar PCBs, levels of these compounds were determined in the muscle of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) collected from the offshore waters and open seas near Japan, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, Seychelles and Brazil, and the Japan Sea, the East China Sea, the South China Sea, the Indian Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean. PCDDs, PCDFs and coplanar PCBs were detected in almost all the specimens collected from all the locations surveyed, indicating widespread contamination by these compounds in the marine environment. Higher concentrations of dioxins and coplanar PCBs were detected in the samples from temperate Asian regions, plausibly due to larger usage and anthropogenic generation in highly industrialized countries around the East China Sea and the South China Sea, such as Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and coastal China. - Global pollution monitoring of PCDD/Fs and coplanar PCBs in offshore water and open sea were conducted using skipjack tuna as bioindicator

  14. IDENTIFICATION OF OCEANOGRAPHIC PARAMETERS FOR DETERMINING PELAGIC TUNA FISHING GROUND IN THE NORTH PAPUA WATERS USING MULTI-SENSOR SATELLITE DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VlNCENTIUS SlREGAR

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The North Papua waters as one of the important fi shing grounds in the world contribute approximately 75% of world production of pelagic tunas. These fishing grounds are still determined by hunting method. This method is time consuming and costly. However, in many areas determination of fishing ground using satellited data lias been applied by detecting the important oceanographic parameter of the presence of fish schooling such as, sea surface temperature and chlorophyl. Mostly these parameters are used integrat edly. The aim of this study is to assess the important oceanographic parameters detected from mu lti-sensor satellites (NO AA/AVHRR, Seawifs and Topex Poisedon for determining fishing ground of pelagic tunas in the North Papua waters at east season. The parameters include Sea Surface Temperature (STT, chlorophyl-a and currents. The ava ilability of data from optic sensor (Seawifs: chl-a and AVHRR: Thermal is limited by the presence of cloud cover. In that case, Topex Poseidon satellite data can be used to provide the currents data. The integration of data from multi-sensors increases the availability of the oceanographic parameters for prediction of the potential fishing zones in the study area.

  15. Colagenosis con afectación dermatológica en edades pediátricas en Las Tunas, 2010 - 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katiuska Tamayo Mariño

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de las enfermedades del colágeno en edades pediátricas es relativamente joven y no se cuenta en Las Tunas con archivos que permitan evaluar su comportamiento, por ello se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal y prospectivo en el período comprendido entre los años 2010 al 2012, para caracterizar a los pacientes ingresados con estas enfermedades en el hospital pediátrico Mártires de Las Tunas. Inicialmente se determinaron las conectivopatias diagnosticadas con más frecuencia y luego se estudiaron las variables: sexo, edad, color de la piel, procedencia geográfica y antecedentes patológicos familiares de colagenosis, Los resultados fueron expuestos en tablas y expresados en porcientos. Predominaron la artritis idiopática juvenil, seguido de la fiebre reumática y la morfea. El sexo más frecuente fue el femenino, el grupo de edad más afectado fueron los adolescentes mayores de 13 años, el color de la piel que prevaleció fue el blanco y predominaron los pacientes sin antecedentes patológicos familiares de colagenosis

  16. Analysis of biogenic carbonates by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Flow injection on-line solid-phase preconcentration for trace element determination in fish otoliths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslan, Z; Paulson, A J

    2002-04-01

    The aragonite deposits within the ear bones (otoliths) of teleost fish retain a chemical signal reflecting the life history of fish (similar to rings of trees) and the nature of fish habitats. Otoliths dissolved in acid solutions contain high concentrations of calcium and a variety of proteins. Elimination of matrix salts and organic interferences during preconcentration is essential for accurate determination of trace elements in otolith solutions by inductively coupled plasma-quadrupole mass spectrometry. An iminodiacetate-based chelating resin (Toyopearl AF-Chelate 650 M) has been used for on-line preconcentration and matrix separation for the determination of 31 transition and rare elements. Successful preconcentration of the elements was achieved at pH 5 by on-line buffering, except Mn which required pH 8.8. Sample solutions were loaded on to the column for 1 min at 3.2 mL min(-1), and then eluted directly into the mass spectrometer with 4% v/v nitric acid. This procedure enabled up to 25-fold preconcentration with successful removal of the calcium matrix. The effect of heat-assisted oxidation with concentrated nitric acid was investigated to eliminate the organic matrix. It was found that heating to dryness after dissolution and further mineralization with the acid significantly improved the retention of the transition elements. The method was validated by analysis of a certified reference material produced from saggittal otoliths of emperor snapper ( Lutjanus sebae), and then applied to the determination of trace metal concentrations in juvenile bluefin tuna ( Thunnus thynnus) from the Western Pacific Ocean.

  17. Analysis of biogenic carbonates by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Flow injection on-line solid-phase preconcentration for trace element determination in fish otoliths

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arslan, Z.; Paulson, A.J. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NFSC), James J. Howard Marine Sciences Laboratory, Highlands, NJ (United States)

    2002-04-01

    The aragonite deposits within the ear bones (otoliths) of teleost fish retain a chemical signal reflecting the life history of fish (similar to rings of trees) and the nature of fish habitats. Otoliths dissolved in acid solutions contain high concentrations of calcium and a variety of proteins. Elimination of matrix salts and organic interferences during preconcentration is essential for accurate determination of trace elements in otolith solutions by inductively coupled plasma-quadrupole mass spectrometry. An iminodiacetate-based chelating resin (Toyopearl AF-Chelate 650 M) has been used for on-line preconcentration and matrix separation for the determination of 31 transition and rare elements. Successful preconcentration of the elements was achieved at pH 5 by on-line buffering, except Mn which required pH 8.8. Sample solutions were loaded on to the column for 1 min at 3.2 mL min{sup -1}, and then eluted directly into the mass spectrometer with 4% v/v nitric acid. This procedure enabled up to 25-fold preconcentration with successful removal of the calcium matrix. The effect of heat-assisted oxidation with concentrated nitric acid was investigated to eliminate the organic matrix. It was found that heating to dryness after dissolution and further mineralization with the acid significantly improved the retention of the transition elements. The method was validated by analysis of a certified reference material produced from saggittal otoliths of emperor snapper (Lutjanus sebae), and then applied to the determination of trace metal concentrations in juvenile bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) from the Western Pacific Ocean. (orig.)

  18. Efectividad del tratamiento acupuntural en la Parálisis Facial Periférica. Puerto Padre, Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorania Cera Barea

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio experimental en pacientes mayores de 19 años, con Parálisis Facial Periférica, que fueron atendidos en el Policlínico "Romárico Oro Peña" del municipio de Puerto Padre, provincia de Las Tunas; en el período comprendido entre enero y diciembre del año 2011. La muestra quedó conformada por 40 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión establecidos, a los que se les aplicó el método acupuntural, con el objetivo de evaluar la efectividad del mismo en el tratamiento de esta enfermedad. Los puntos de acupuntura utilizados fueron: Extra 1, 2, 3; Estómago 2, 4, 6, 7; Vaso Concepción 24; Vaso Gobernador 26 y Vesícula Biliar 14. Se aplicó tonificación en el lado sano y dispersión de la energía en el lado de la parálisis. Se recogió la información a través de micro-historias clínicas, donde se incluyeron todas las variables de manera independiente. Los datos se analizaron a través de la estadística descriptiva y el análisis porcentual. Se concluyó que la enfermedad predominó en el sexo femenino y el grupo etáreo de 40 a 49 años; la exposición al frío y/o al calor resultó el factor desencadenante que más incidió; el mayor número de pacientes presentó una evolución clínica favorable; solo se presentaron dos efectos adversos relativos al uso de la acupuntura, demostrando la inocuidad del tratamiento.

  19. Spatial variation in fatty acid trophic markers in albacore tuna from the southwestern Pacific Ocean-A potential 'tropicalization' signal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parrish, Christopher C.; Pethybridge, Heidi; Young, Jock W.; Nichols, Peter D.

    2015-03-01

    Signature fatty acids were used to explore trophic variations in albacore and skipjack tuna sampled from the southwestern Pacific Ocean. There were clear spatial differences in fatty acid profiles between albacore sampled in the Coral (tropical zone centered at ~20°S) and Tasman (temperate zone centered at ~42°S) Seas; however, few differences were observed in fatty acid profiles of albacore sampled off Tasmania and New Zealand. Fatty acid signatures of the Tasman Sea samples reflected a food web based more on diatoms and included: 20:5ω3 (EPA), 18:1ω7, 22:1ω11, 18:2ω6, 18:4ω3, 18:3ω3, and 20:4ω3. In contrast, albacore from the Coral Sea had a distinct fatty acid signature which included 20:4ω6, 22:5ω6, 17:0, 22:4ω6, 24:0, and 17:1. Multivariate analyses revealed the importance of 22:6ω3 (DHA) in Coral Sea-caught albacore which also had a DHA/EPA ratio more than twice that in all other groups suggesting a greater dinoflagellate contribution and/or a higher trophic position. Fatty acid markers indicative of krill consumption were significantly higher in temperate-caught albacore although skipjack were closest in fatty acid composition to krill. These results were likely due to differences at the base of the food web in these two seas suggesting that signature fatty acids can be used as indicators of ecosystem change: in this case the gradual 'tropicalization' of the eastern seaboard of Australia through the southward extension of the East Australian Current. Our findings also indicate comparatively lower concentrations of healthful ω3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular the content of DHA and EPA, in the tropical samples. This suggests that tropicalization could adversely affect the dietary intake of albacore and other marine predators in the region. Such changes are readily detectable by fatty acid analysis.

  20. Comportamiento de la polifarmacia en el hogar de ancianos “Carlos Font Pupo”, Las Tunas, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahily de la Caridad Rojas Pérez

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available El envejecimiento conlleva a un mayor consumo de fármacos en los ancianos, elevando la probabilidad de ocurrencia de interacciones medicamentosas y reacciones adversas, afectando la calidad de vida de este tipo de paciente. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal para caracterizar la polifarmacia en el Hogar de Ancianos “Carlos Pupo Font”, en Las Tunas, durante el año 2011. El universo estuvo constituido por la totalidad de pacientes institucionalizados y la muestra por 102 ancianos con criterio de selección de consumo de tres o más medicamentos de forma simultánea en el período de estudio. Se caracterizó la edad y sexo de los ancianos, frecuencia de polifarmacia, los grupos farmacológicos implicados, las principales afecciones clínicas y las posibles interacciones medicamentosas por las prescripciones realizadas. La información se obtuvo de la revisión de historias clínicas y fue procesada mediante la estadística descriptiva. El sexo femenino y el grupo de edad entre 75 y 84 años fueron los predominantes. Un 47% de los ancianos consumió cuatro medicamentos simultáneamente. Los antihipertensivos fueron los medicamentos más usados, seguidos por los AINEs. El 72% de la muestra padece afecciones cardiorrespiratorias y el 68% afecciones músculo esqueléticas. Se identificaron posibles interacciones medicamentosas relacionadas con el proceso de absorción, dadas por uniones de ácidos y bases débiles y por interacciones con alimentos, específicamente con la leche. La polimedicación puede ser racionalizada a través de un uso adecuado de los medicamentos, teniendo en cuenta el intervalo de dosificación, las características químicas de los fármacos, la dosis y las características individuales del paciente.

  1. Metasomatismo en ortoanfibolitas de la Faja máfica-ultramáfica del río de las tunas, Mendoza Metasomatism in orthoamphibolites from the Río de Las Tunas mafic-ultramafic belt, Mendoza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Florencia Gargiulo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Se identificaron claras evidencias petro-mineralógicas y químicas de metasomatismo en ortoanfibolitas de la faja máficaultramáfica del Río de Las Tunas, Cordillera Frontal de Mendoza. Estas ortoanfibolitas integran el basamento metamórfico de la Cordillera Frontal y pertenecen al Complejo Guarguaráz. La peculiaridad que poseen, es el desarrollo de asociaciones de minerales calcosilicáticos vinculados a texturas que indican condiciones de desequilibrio. Los cristaloblastos de anfíbol están reemplazados en los bordes por clinopiroxeno (diópsido ferroso y los individuos de plagioclasa se encuentran casi completamente reemplazados por un agregado muy fino de granate-epidotos.l -prehnita-pumpellyita-albita, que actúa a modo de matriz de la roca. Los cristales de anfíbol y clinopiroxeno están, a su vez, parcialmente reemplazados por pumpellyita y/o clorita, mientras que la matriz se encuentra alterada débilmente por muscovita y calcita. Los cristales de granate corresponden a la serie grosularia-andradita y su composición promedio es Alm05Adr53Prp01Sps04Grs36Uv01. Cristales con mayor contenido de Cr2O3 (11,69-13,17% en peso y sutil zonalidad composicional, determinada por un núcleo más rico en el componente uvarovítico: Alm03Adr13Prp00Sps02Grs35Uv47, y borde con incremento de la proporción del componente grosulárico: Alm03Adr12Prp00Sps01Grs44Uv40, suelen estar en contacto con cristales de magnetita con hasta un 20% de componente cromítico. La zonalidad composicional presente también en los cristales de anfíbol permitió estimar valores de presión entre 2,5 y 4,2 kbar. Las asociaciones minerales junto con sus características texturales y químicas distinguen a estas rocas del resto de las ortoanfibolitas que afloran en el área de estudio y se las interpreta y clasifica como rodingitas clinopiroxénicas con granate y clinozoisita. Las condiciones de presión obtenidas, junto con el desarrollo de los minerales calcosilic

  2. Study on Hydrolyzing of Tuna Meat Protein with Compound Proteases%复合酶解金枪鱼碎肉的工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛建美; 王朋; 李双双; 王斌; 罗红宇

    2011-01-01

    Two enzymes as trypsin and papain were chosed because of their high degree of hydrolysis to tuna meat protein.In the two enzymes reaction system,the optimum hydrolysis conditions of tuna meat protein confirmed by orthogonal test were as follows: reaction temperature was 45 ℃,reaction time was 6 h,the amount of trypsin added was 15 000 U/g while adding amount of papain was 45 000 U/g,pH of reaction was 7.0.Under these conditions,the degree of hydrolysis of tuna meat can reach 15.83%.Hydrolyzate was separated by 10 000 Da and 5 000 Da ultra-membranes.Three components whose molecular weights were 10 000 Da,5 000~10 000Da,5 000 Da had been collected.The corresponding yields were 7.69%,30.71% and 19.23%.%以水解度为指标,筛选出水解金枪鱼碎肉蛋白效果较好的两种酶为胰蛋白酶和木瓜蛋白酶。以这两种酶组成双酶反应体系,经正交试验得到金枪鱼碎肉蛋白最佳水解条件为:反应温度45℃、反应时间6 h、胰蛋白酶添加量15 000 U/g、木瓜蛋白酶添加量为45 000 U/g、体系pH为7.0。在此条件下,金枪鱼肉水解度可以达到15.83%。酶解液采用10 000 Da和5 000 Da超滤膜进行分离,获得〉10 000 Da,5 000~10 000 Da,〈5 000 Da三个组分,得率分别为7.69%,30.71%,19.23%。

  3. Review of a Small-scale Pelagic Longline Fishery off Northeastern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Hazin, F. H. V.; Zagaglia, J. R.; Broadhurst, M. K.; Travassos, P. E. P.; Bezerra, T. R. Q.

    1998-01-01

    The annual catches of four small longliners operating off northeast Brazil from 1983 to 1997 were examined across different areas and locations. The total catch comprised tunas (30%), sharks (54%), billfishes (12%), and other fish species (4%). Fishing strategy and annual composition of catches showed large spatial and temporal variabilities with the dominant catches alternating among yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares; gray sharks, Carcharhinus spp.; and blue shark, Prionace glauca. Catche...

  4. Diet of three large pelagic fishes associated with drifting fish aggregating devices (DFADs) in the western equatorial Indian Ocean

    OpenAIRE

    Malone, M. A.; Buck, K. M.; Moreno, G.; Sancho, G.

    2011-01-01

    Several species of fish, aggregate around DFADs in marine tropical waters. We captured three predatory species: yellow fin tuna (Thunnus albacares), wahoo (Acanthocybium solandri) and dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) from aggregations under DFADs in the Western Indian Ocean to characterize their diet and determine whether they fed on other DFAD associated organisms. Yellowfin tuna did not feed on DFAD–associated prey, while wahoo and dolphinfish did exploit resources aggregated by the DFADs,...

  5. Mitochondrial genome of the bullet tuna Auxis rochei from Indo-West Pacific collection provides novel genetic information about two subspecies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Mingming; Guo, Liang; Zhang, Heng; Yang, Sen; Chen, Xinghan; Lin, Haoran; Meng, Zining

    2016-09-01

    Previously morphological studies supported the division of the bullet tuna into the two subspecies, Auxis rochei rochei and A. rochei eudorax. As a cosmopolitan species, A. rochei rochei ranges in the Indo-West Pacific and Atlantic oceans, while A. rochei eudorax inhabits in eastern Pacific region. Here, we used the HiSeq next-generation sequencing technique to determine the mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of A. rochei from Indo-West Pacific collection, and then compared our data with mitogenomic sequences of the Atlantic and eastern Pacific retrieved from NCBI database. Results showed the mitogenome of A. rochei from three geographic collections shared the same genes and gene order, similar to typical teleosts. Also, we examined a low level of nucleotide diversity among these mitogenomic sequences. Interestingly, nucleotide diversity of intra-subspecies (Atlantic versus Indo-West) was higher than that of inter-subspecies (Atlantic versus eastern Pacific, Indo-West versus eastern Pacific). PMID:25629476

  6. Non-invasive determination of the CO contents in tuna fish using polarization resolved resonance Raman scattering and/or Rayleigh spectroscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hassing, Søren

    2016-01-01

    Carbon monoxide (CO) is used for Modified Atmosphere Packaging of fresh fish and meat. CO is added because it binds to the Myoglobin of the muscle tissue with high affinity resulting in a bright, cherry-red colored carboxy-Myoglobin complex. The product will because of the red color appear to be ...... with polarization resolved resonance Raman spectra of these molecules, can form the basis of the development of a fast and non-invasive method for the screening of the presence of CO in tuna fish and meat.......Carbon monoxide (CO) is used for Modified Atmosphere Packaging of fresh fish and meat. CO is added because it binds to the Myoglobin of the muscle tissue with high affinity resulting in a bright, cherry-red colored carboxy-Myoglobin complex. The product will because of the red color appear...

  7. REPOSITORIO DIGITAL PARA UNA MEJOR GESTIÓN DE LA INFORMACIÓN CIENTÍFICA EN LA UNIVERSIDAD LAS TUNAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunior Rodríguez Rodríguez

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda la importancia de la implementación de un repositorio digital para una mejor gestión de la información científica en la Universidad de Las Tunas, donde podamos socializar y consultar las tesis de grado, maestría y doctorado, resultados de proyectos de investigación, libros, revistas, manuscritos creados en nuestra Universidad e incluso digitalizar libros de única edición y de difícil acceso. Se ofrecen definiciones de varios autores así como los antecedentes de la gestión de información científica en nuestra universidad, además de las ventajas de su creación. También se muestra el diagnóstico y la estrategia para si implementación.

  8. Mitochondrial genome of the bullet tuna Auxis rochei from Indo-West Pacific collection provides novel genetic information about two subspecies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Mingming; Guo, Liang; Zhang, Heng; Yang, Sen; Chen, Xinghan; Lin, Haoran; Meng, Zining

    2016-09-01

    Previously morphological studies supported the division of the bullet tuna into the two subspecies, Auxis rochei rochei and A. rochei eudorax. As a cosmopolitan species, A. rochei rochei ranges in the Indo-West Pacific and Atlantic oceans, while A. rochei eudorax inhabits in eastern Pacific region. Here, we used the HiSeq next-generation sequencing technique to determine the mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of A. rochei from Indo-West Pacific collection, and then compared our data with mitogenomic sequences of the Atlantic and eastern Pacific retrieved from NCBI database. Results showed the mitogenome of A. rochei from three geographic collections shared the same genes and gene order, similar to typical teleosts. Also, we examined a low level of nucleotide diversity among these mitogenomic sequences. Interestingly, nucleotide diversity of intra-subspecies (Atlantic versus Indo-West) was higher than that of inter-subspecies (Atlantic versus eastern Pacific, Indo-West versus eastern Pacific).

  9. Caracterización del mieloma múltiple y de su componente monoclonal durante 14 años en Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lina Pupo Rodríguez

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available El mieloma múltiple es una neoplasia de células plasmáticas que representa el 10% de las enfermedades hematológicas malignas. La mayoría de los pacientes presentan síntomas, signos y trastornos de laboratorio sugestivos de enfermedad activa, incluyendo lesiones osteolíticas activas, hipercalcemia, anemia y fallo renal. Para el diagnóstico de esta enfermedad hay que tener en cuenta las manifestaciones clínicas, los estudios radiológicos, pruebas especiales como citología celular y exámenes de laboratorio como la electroforesis de proteína en suero y orina, inmunoelectroforesis, cuantificación de inmunoglobulinas y proteína de Bence-Jones. Se realizó un estudio con el objetivo de evaluar las características de las variables inmunológicas mediante la determinación de inmunoglobulinas (inmunodifusión radial simple o inmunoturbidimetría en un analizador automático HITACHI, proteínas totales (método de Biuret o en el analizador HITACHI y electroforesis de proteínas en suero y orina en pacientes remitidos de la consulta de Hematología del Hospital “Ernesto Guevara de la Serna” de Las Tunas, con el diagnóstico de mieloma múltiple. La clase IgG fue la predominante en los 127 casos estudiados (73,3%, seguido de la IgA (16,5% y de cadenas ligeras (9,5%. Se han registrado dos casos de macroglobulinemia de Waldeström. En correspondencia con lo reportado en la literatura, en la provincia de Las Tunas el isotipo más frecuente en pacientes afectados por mieloma múltiple es de clase IgG.

  10. Características de la infección por geohelmintos intestinales en escolares primarios de la provincia de Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebeca M. Laird Pérez

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo, en el período comprendido entre los meses de septiembre y diciembre de 2004, con el objetivo de caracterizar la infección por geohelmintos intestinales en escolares de la enseñanza primaria de la provincia de Las Tunas. Se estudiaron 1 342 escolares pertenecientes a 35 escuelas de los estratos urbano y rural de los ocho municipios de la provincia. De cada escolar se procesó una muestra de heces por los procedimientos Directo y Kato Katz y se practicó el método de Harada Moris cuando se observaron huevos de ancylostomídeos. A los escolares parasitados por geohelmintos se les determinó su condición clínica. Se obtuvo una prevalencia general de la infección por geohelmintos intestinales del 16,2%, con predominio de la intensidad general de la infección ligera. Los gusanos trichúridos fueron los más observados, asociados a la mayoría de las infecciones con intensidades ligeras y moderadas. Prevaleció el estado clínico asintomático con muy poca morbilidad específica, siendo el dolor abdominal y la diarrea no disentérica los síntomas más frecuentes. Se caracterizó a la provincia de Las Tunas como una zona hipoendémica de geohelmintos intestinales y se recomienda identificar los determinantes de la infección por estos parásitos en la población escolar

  11. LA GUITARRA DE CONCIERTO COMO EXPRESIÓN DE LA CULTURA EN LAS TUNAS. ESTUDIO DEL PERÍODO 1990- 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Tamayo Talavera

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El presente estudio forma parte de una investigación que se encuentra en proceso, sobre el devenir de la guitarra de concierto en el municipio Las Tunas desde el año 1990 hasta el 2014. La guitarra de concierto se cultiva en este territorio desde la segunda mitad siglo XX, generándose a partir del período citado un proceso de desarrollo paulatino en torno a sus expresiones. Sin embargo, aún no se han logrado niveles masivos de aceptación de la guitarra de concierto por parte de la sociedad tunera, lo cual conduce a realizar un análisis sobre las causas de su situación actual desde la definición de cultura. Por otro lado, quedarán identificadas las deficiencias que en la actualidad limitan sus contribuciones al desarrollo cultural del territorio. ABSTRACT This study is part of a research which is still in process, about the development of the concert guitar in Las Tunas municipality in 1990-2014 period. The concert guitar has been cultivated in this territory since the beginning of XX century, and it has been generated a development process around its expressions in the selected period. However, Las Tunas’ society hasn’t accepted these musical expressions in massive levels, which takes to make an analysis of the causes of its actual situation from culture’s definition. On the other hand, the problems that avoid the contributions of the concert guitar to the culture development of Las Tunas’ territory will be also identified.

  12. Effects of longitudinal body position and swimming speed on mechanical power of deep red muscle from skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syme, Douglas A; Shadwick, Robert E

    2002-01-01

    The mechanical power output of deep, red muscle from skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) was studied to investigate (i) whether this muscle generates maximum power during cruise swimming, (ii) how the differences in strain experienced by red muscle at different axial body locations affect its performance and (iii) how swimming speed affects muscle work and power output. Red muscle was isolated from approximately mid-way through the deep wedge that lies next to the backbone; anterior (0.44 fork lengths, ANT) and posterior (0.70 fork lengths, POST) samples were studied. Work and power were measured at 25 degrees C using the work loop technique. Stimulus phases and durations and muscle strains (+/- 5.5 % in ANT and +/- 8 % in POST locations) experienced during cruise swimming at different speeds were obtained from previous studies and used during work loop recordings. In addition, stimulus conditions that maximized work were determined. The stimulus durations and phases yielding maximum work decreased with increasing cycle frequency (analogous to tail-beat frequency), were the same at both axial locations and were almost identical to those used by the fish during swimming, indicating that the muscle produces near-maximal work under most conditions in swimming fish. While muscle in the posterior region undergoes larger strain and thus produces more mass-specific power than muscle in the anterior region, when the longitudinal distribution of red muscle mass is considered, the anterior muscles appear to contribute approximately 40% more total power. Mechanical work per length cycle was maximal at a cycle frequency of 2-3 Hz, dropping to near zero at 15 Hz and by 20-50% at 1 Hz. Mechanical power was maximal at a cycle frequency of 5 Hz, dropping to near zero at 15 Hz. These fish typically cruise with tail-beat frequencies of 2.8-5.2 Hz, frequencies at which power from cyclic contractions of deep red muscles was 75-100% maximal. At any given frequency over this range, power

  13. THE CRAFT LIKE A CULTURAL PRACTICE THAT CONFIGURES SOCIOCULTURAL PROCESSES: THE BASKETWORK IN THE TUNAS AT THE PRESENT TIME / LA ARTESANÍA COMO UNA PRÁCTICA CULTURAL CONFIGURADORA DE PROCESOS SOCIOCULTURALES: LA CESTERÍA EN LAS TUNAS EN LA ACTUALIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yumairys Diamela Candó Gámez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The presence of the handmade movement in The Tunas is an important cultural fact in which has left condensing the conserved information and renovated in the cultural memoirs of the tunero, as long as it is identity that reflective characteristic that distinguish it and very authentic revealing knowledge and specific creation of a societal group. The years ninety represented a stagnation in the popular craft, it altered and it confused the true sense of the handmade production. The market entered as an element of deregulation of the qualities. He fell in the temptation of the commercialization without control. The art is confused with something easy, the legitimate and necessary commercialization of the productions with the marketing of the candongas, the artisan with the worker self-employed, the promoter with the merolico. The institucionalization of the culture starting from the revolutionary victory with the cultural politics's application in Cuba, together to the economic crisis in the decade of the 90 are sociocultural factors that condition to the craft as that it configures of sociocultural processes that are evidenced in the inherited cultural practices or institutionalized, remunerated (professionals or not remunerated (fans, as approaches that it configures of groups. The types of craft, the techniques, the ethnic composition of the representative groups, the professional formation, the origin (field, city, periphery, and composition of the groups for gender and number (grupal or singular they are indicative that allow to conceptualize the characteristics and types of the craft as cultural practice in The Tunas.

  14. Tuna Genetics Mapping

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These samples are collected in order to gain a better understanding of the biological and ecological aspects of this group of fish in this area. It will be used to...

  15. Estabilidad química, física y microbiológica de lomo de atún (Thunnus sp. rebanado. Empacado, congelado y almacenado a -20 ºC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romaim De Berardinis

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La globalización ha introducido en Venezuela el consumo de pescado crudo, principalmente atún rojo (Thunnus sp. para elaborar sushi y sashimi. Esto ha despertado el interés en conservar el atún fresco, congelado, para disponer de él a lo largo del año con los atributos que definen la calidad del atún fresco. El pescado congelado se empaca para protegerlo del ambiente frío y seco del congelador, evitar su deshidratación y quemaduras en la superficie del tejido muscular que modificarían la apariencia (color, textura, el sabor y el valor nutritivo durante el almacenamiento. El empaque, además debe ofrecer barrera al paso del oxígeno. Los filetes individuales de pescados magros pueden conservarse en almacenamiento congelado 6 meses a -18 ºC y hasta 9 meses a -24 ºC. Con este trabajo se propuso determinar el efecto del la operación de empacado antes y después de la operación de congelación de rebanadas de lomo de atún rojo. Tratamiento 1: empacadas al vacío y congeladas a -20 ºC (V1; control: empacadas a presión atmosférica y congeladas a -20 ºC (C1. Tratamiento 2: congeladas a -20 ºC y empacadas al vacío después (V2; control: congeladas a -20 ºC y empacadas a presión atmosférica después (C2. Para el empacado se recurrió a bolsas multilaminadas (PE/PA/PE, impermeables al O2 del aire, al vapor de agua y con resistencia mecánica a bajas temperaturas. El tratamiento V1 mantuvo la estabilidad química, microbiológica y sensorial de las rebanadas de lomo de atún, a 90 días de almacenamiento a -20 ºC, la cuales fueron más rojas (a, menos amarillas (b y más oscuras (L, con la menor producción de malonaldehído (0,64 mg/kg de todos los tratamientos, y la mayor estabilidad de la fracción de proteínas solubles (10,03 %.

  16. Estabilidad química, física y microbiológica de lomo de atún (Thunnus sp. rebanado. Empacado, congelado y almacenado a -20 ºC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romaim De Berardinis

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La globalización ha introducido en Venezuela el consumo de pescado crudo, principalmente atún rojo (Thunnus sp. para elaborar sushi y sashimi. Esto ha despertado el interés en conservar el atún fresco, congelado, para disponer de él a lo largo del año con los atributos que definen la calidad del atún fresco. El pescado congelado se empaca para protegerlo del ambiente frío y seco del congelador, evitar su deshidratación y quemaduras en la superficie del tejido muscular que modificarían la apariencia (color, textura, el sabor y el valor nutritivo durante el almacenamiento. El empaque, además debe ofrecer barrera al paso del oxígeno. Los filetes individuales de pescados magros pueden conservarse en almacenamiento congelado 6 meses a -18 ºC y hasta 9 meses a -24 ºC. Con este trabajo se propuso determinar el efecto del la operación de empacado antes y después de la operación de congelación de rebanadas de lomo de atún rojo. Tratamiento 1: empacadas al vacío y congeladas a -20 ºC (V1; control: empacadas a presión atmosférica y congeladas a -20 ºC (C1. Tratamiento 2: congeladas a -20 ºC y empacadas al vacío después (V2; control: congeladas a -20 ºC y empacadas a presión atmosférica después (C2. Para el empacado se recurrió a bolsas multilaminadas (PE/PA/PE, impermeables al O2 del aire, al vapor de agua y con resistencia mecánica a bajas temperaturas. El tratamiento V1 mantuvo la estabilidad química, microbiológica y sensorial de las rebanadas de lomo de atún, a 90 días de almacenamiento a -20 ºC, la cuales fueron más rojas (a, menos amarillas (b y más oscuras (L, con la menor producción de malonaldehído (0,64 mg/kg de todos los tratamientos, y la mayor estabilidad de la fracción de proteínas solubles (10,03 %.

  17. 金枪鱼类渔业管理问题的研究之二:金枪鱼渔业区域性管理组织和其管理新趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐美龙

    2008-01-01

    金枪鱼渔业区域性管理组织主要有大西洋金枪鱼养护国际委员会(International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas-ICCAT),印度洋金枪鱼委员会(Indian Ocean Tuna Commission -IOTC), 中西太平洋渔业委员会(Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission -WCPFC),南方蓝鳍金枪鱼养护委员会(Commission for the Conservation of Southern Blue-fin Tuna- CCSBT)等5个。

  18. Análisis del contenido estomacal y la razón de isótopos estables de carbono (13C) y nitrógeno (15N) del atún aleta amarilla (Thunnus albacares), delfín manchado (Stenella attenuata) y delfín tornillo (Stenella longirostris) del Océano Pacífico Oriental.

    OpenAIRE

    Román Reyes, José Cristóbal

    2005-01-01

    Las agregaciones del atún aleta amarilla (Thunnus albacares), el delfín manchado (Stenella attenuata) y el delfín tornillo (Stenella longirostris) son frecuentes en el Océano Pacífico oriental tropical. A pesar del considerable interés, la asociación entre el atún aleta amarilla y las especies de delfines no se comprende totalmente. La hipótesis de que la asociación está basada en la alimentación ha sido explorada a través del estudio del contenido estomacal, la cual está limitada sólo a desc...

  19. Dinámica de la flota atunera mexicana del Océano Pacífico Oriental Mexican tuna fleet dynamics of the Eastern Pacific Ocean

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    Rafael Solana-Sansores

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la dinámica de la flota atunera mexicana del Pacífico Oriental y su relación con señales medioambientales utilizadas en las estrategias de pesca. La información proviene de una muestra sistemática con arranque aleatorio de 176 cruceros de pesca registrados por el programa mexicano de observadores, entre 1992 y 2005. En cada viaje la información se genera secuencialmente en lapsos de tiempo fijos, permitiendo suponer que los registros son un proceso estocástico discreto y puede analizarse como una Cadena de Markov. Los registros se agrupan en: (1 desplazamientos espaciales del barco; (2 observación de señales y (3 maniobras de pesca. En el análisis se reconocen dos tácticas de pesca: una sistemática y otra aleatoria. La primera inicia con una búsqueda de señales (aves o mamíferos marinos, seguido de un lance de pesca sobre cardúmenes asociados a delfines o sobre cardúmenes no asociados. Alternativamente, las tácticas aleatorias no involucran una búsqueda y llevan, con menor probabilidad, a un lance sobre atunes no asociados. Ambas tácticas de pesca son influenciados por factores ambientales, ecológicos, sociales, y económicos. De este modo se observan diferentes estrategias durante un ciclo anual o de mayor duración, que están relacionadas con políticas regionales de manejo pesquero derivadas del Acuerdo del Programa Internacional de Conservación de Delfines. Se concluye que la dinámica de la flota atunera mexicana es un factor que deberá analizarse sistemáticamente en la estimación del Esfuerzo de Pesca para obtener mejores evaluaciones de los rendimientos de esta pesquería.It analyzes the fishing dynamics of the Mexican tuna fleet of the Eastern Tropical Pacific (ETP and its relation with environmental signs which are used for fishing. The information comes from a systematic sample with a random start of 176 fishing cruisers, registered by the observer's Mexican program (1992 to 2005. In each trip the

  20. STUDY OF POTENTIAL FISHING GROUND FOR SKIPJACK TUNA (Katsuwonus pelamis in SAWU SEA EAST NUSA TENGGARA PROVINCE USING REMOTE SENSING SATELLITE AND FISHERY DATA

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    IRMA YULIA MADJID

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia's marine waters contain natural resources, especially biological resources, such as fish abundant and diverse. Skipjack tuna is one of the pelagic fish that have a high commercial value and eao be found in the sea water of the eastern part of Indonesia, especially in the sea waler of Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara Province. This study employed the average composite data of Sea Surface Temperature, Chlorophyll-a and Photosyntetically Active Radiation (PAR are got from Aqua MODJS satellite in 2006, and wind speed data from Quickscat satellite. Vertieally Generalized Production Model (VGPM was proposed by Behrenfeld and Falkowski (1997 was used to estimate the Primary Production (PP. The Fish Production was estimated using the formula wa.???? proposed by Pauly and Christensen (1995. Fish Production in-situ data were provided by Ministry of Ma,ine and Fisheries East N\\lsa Tenggara Province in 2006 that was 4,685.75 ton/year. Potential fishing zone for Skipjack Tuna (Katsuwonus pe/amis was divided in Lo Southeast, Transition II, and Northwest monsoon. At Northwest monsoon was low potential fishing ground. The good fishing zone was observed in western part of Sawu Sea. The Estimation of higher fish catching estimated during Southeast and Transition II monsoon. The results of Primary Production (PP showed the same patterns with Chlorophyll-a. The estiination of fish production in Sawu Sea was 6,563.08 ton/year. With comparing between fish production estimation and fish production from Ministry of Marine and Fisheris data showed the utilization rate was 71.39 % in Sawu Sea. The correlation between SST and fish catching was low (-0.25 and the correlation between Chlorophyll-a and fish catching in Sawu Sea was low (0.12. The correlation between Chlorophyll-a and SST in Sawu Sea showed inversely relationships (correlation coefficient of -0.24 and has a different and opposite patterns. The correlation between Primary Production (PP and Chlorophyll

  1. Present and future potential habitat distribution of Carcharhinus falciformis and Canthidermis maculata by-catch species in the tropical tuna purse-seine fishery under climate change

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    Nerea eLezama Ochoa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available By-catch species from tropical tuna purse seine fishery have been affected by fishery pressures since the last century; however, the habitat distribution and the climate change impacts on these species are poorly known. With the objective of predicting the potential suitable habitat for a shark (Carcharhinus falciformis and a teleost (Canthidermis maculata in the Indian, Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans, a MaxEnt species distribution model (SDM was developed using data collected by observers in tuna purse seiners. The relative percentage of contribution of some environmental variables (depth, sea surface temperature, salinity and primary production and the potential impact of climate change on species habitat by the end of the century under the A2 scenario (scenario with average concentrations of carbon dioxide of 856 ppm by 2100 were also evaluated. Results showed that by-catch species can be correctly modelled using observed occurrence records and few environmental variables with SDM. Results from projected maps showed that the equatorial band and some coastal upwelling regions were the most suitable areas for both by-catch species in the three oceans in concordance with the main fishing grounds. Sea surface temperature was the most important environmental variable which contributed to explain the habitat distribution of the two species in the three oceans in general. Under climate change scenarios, the largest change in present habitat suitability is observed in the Atlantic Ocean (around 16% of the present habitat suitability area of Carcharhinus falciformis and Canthidermis maculata, respectively whereas the change is less in the Pacific (around 10% and 8% and Indian Oceans (around 3% and 2 %. In some regions such as Somalia, the Atlantic equatorial band or Peru’s coastal upwelling areas, these species could lose potential habitat whereas in the south of the equator in the Indian Ocean, the Benguela System and in the Pacific coast of

  2. Caracterización de la trombosis protésica en el servicio de cardiología de Las Tunas. 2006-2011

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    Maikel Santos Medina

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en el Servicio de Cardiología del Hospital “Dr. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna” de la provincia de Las Tunas, con el objetivo de caracterizar la trombosis de prótesis valvular en el período entre 2006 y 2011. El universo estuvo conformado por los 34 pacientes ingresados en el servicio por sospecha de trombosis protésica y la muestra por los 29 casos con diagnóstico definitivo de trombosis valvular protésica. Se utilizó la estadística descriptiva a través del análisis porcentual. La edad promedio de los casos fue de 47 años. Predominaron los pacientes del sexo femenino, con prótesis en posición mitral, con anticoagulación inadecuada y con ritmo sinusal en el electrocardiograma al ingreso. El edema agudo del pulmón fue la forma de presentación de disfunción ventricular izquierda que predominó. La mayoría de los pacientes fueron tratados con estreptoquinasa, lográndose resolución de la trombosis en la mayoría de los casos, con un número escaso de complicaciones tras el tratamiento trombolítico.

  3. 金枪鱼鱼肉色泽评定方法的研究进展%Review on the evaluation of tuna meat color

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖明涛; 刘书臣; 林森森; 赵巧灵; 戴志远

    2013-01-01

    Methods used to evaluate the meat color of tuna include sensory evaluation,meat surface optical measurement,spectrophotometry,computer vision technology and electron paramagnetic resonance.After illustrating the coloring mechanism of meat,this article summarized the basic principle,the equipment,operation steps,the current situation of application of the methods,as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each method.At last,prospect of the future development was proposed.%金枪鱼鱼肉色泽的评定方法主要包括感官评价法、肉面光学度量法、分光光度法、计算机视觉技术和电子顺磁共振技术等.文中在阐明了鱼肉呈色机理后,从基本原理、所用设备、操作步骤、国内外使用现状等方面对近年来应用于金枪鱼肉色评定的各种方法进行了综述,列举了各方法的优缺点,并对未来发展进行了展望.

  4. Propuestas de mejoras energéticas en el área del tándem de un ingenio azucarero de la provincia Las Tunas, Cuba

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    Anislei Santiesteban Velázquez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se efectuó en ingenio azucarero Antonio Guiteras Holmes, municipio Puerto Padre, provincia Las Tunas en la zafra 2012, con el objetivo de determinar las potencialidades de ahorro de energía eléctrica en el área del tándem, se evalúa el comportamiento de los motores de inducción trifásicos de los molinos en las condiciones actuales de operación con el conocimiento de las mediciones de las magnitudes eléctricas de tensión, corrientes y factor de potencia, con estos elementos mínimos y aplicando el método de los Datos de Placas se obtuvieron sus indicadores energéticos, estos resultados permitieron conocer el factor de carga, la eficiencia, la potencia real de salida de los motores estándares para lograr un uso más racional y eficiente de la energía en la empresa. Se realiza una propuesta para el redimensionado de estos motores.

  5. Índice canadiense de calidad de las aguas para la cuenca del río Naranjo, provincia Las Tunas, Cuba

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    Carlos Balmaseda Espinosa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El uso de índices para valorar la calidad de las aguas facilita su comunicación y entendimiento por especialistas y público en general. Uno de los más empleados es el propuesto por Canadian Council of Ministers of theEnvironment, conocido como CCME_WQI (por sus siglas en inglés por la flexibilidad en la selección de las variables considerar. En este trabajo se utilizó el CCME_WQI para evaluar la calidad de las aguas con fines de riego de fuentes superficiales y subterráneas de la cuenca del río Naranjo, provincia Las Tunas, Cuba. Se utilizaron criterios de FAO y del Instituto de Ingeniería Agrícola de Cuba para definir los valores deseables. Los resultados muestran que las aguas son clasificadas como Pobres para el riego de cultivos agrícolas.

  6. Vigilancia inmunoepidemiológica del sarampión, rubéola, parotiditis, poliomielitis y tos ferina en la provincia Las Tunas, 2010-2013

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    Enelis Reyes Reyes

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available La inmunoepidemiología se ha convertido en imprescindible en el sistema de vigilancia moderno de salud, en la evaluación de los programas de vacunación, en la definición de la inmunidad poblacional y en su papel en la prevención de enfermedades. Este estudio describe el comportamiento en la provincia de Las Tunas de la vigilancia inmunoepidemiológica de cinco enfermedades prevenibles: sarampión, rubéola, parotiditis, poliomielitis y tos ferina. La investigación cubrió el periodo desde el año 2010 hasta el 2013. Los resultados muestran la eficacia de las vacunas empleadas, sin ningún caso positivo registrado y avalan a la vigilancia inmunoepidemiológica establecida desde la atención primaria de salud hasta la red de higiene y epidemiología del municipio, la provincia y la nación. Este sistema es necesario para evaluar con antelación posibles riesgos de enfermedades y la decisión oportuna de medidas de intervención

  7. Caracterización hidroquímica de las aguas de riego de la cuenca del río Naranjo, municipio Majibacoa, provincia Las Tunas

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    Yoandris García Hidalgo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El origen de las aguas, los procesos físico-químicos que las afectan y su calidad son parte de la información que aporta la caracterización hidroquímica de las aguas para hacer una mejor gestión de los recursos hídricos. Se estudiaron seis fuentes de abasto de aguas para el riego (tres superficiales y tres subterráneas, de la cuenca del río Naranjo en la provincia Las Tunas, a partir de sus concentraciones de aniones y cationes minoritarios, el pH y la conductividad eléctrica. La clasificación de las aguas se realizó siguiendo los criterios de Shchoukarev y mediante los diagramas de Schoeller-Berkaloff y de Stiff se representaron los resultados. Las aguas subterráneas son más mineralizadas que las superficiales, los iones que predominan son bicarbonato, cloruro y sodio, de ahí que las aguas que prevalecen son de los tipos HCO3-Cl-Na o Cl-HCO3-Na. Las aguas estudiadas no son aptas para el riego y son un peligro potencial para la alcalinización de los suelos.

  8. Efecto del Almacenamiento a Diferentes Temperaturas sobre la Calidad de Tuna Roja (Opuntia ficus indica (L.) Miller) Effect of the Storage at Different Temperatures on the Quality of Red Prickle Pear (Opuntia ficus indica (L.) Miller)

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos E Ochoa; Guerrero, José A.

    2012-01-01

    Se estudia el efecto del almacenamiento a diferentes temperaturas sobre la calidad de tuna roja (Opuntia ficus indica (L.) Miller), variedad San Martín. El fruto se almacenó a 4±1, 9±2 y 28±2°C para determinar su vida útil. Se realizó semanalmente la caracterización fisicoquímica, enzimática, antioxidante y microbiológica durante el almacenamiento, hasta observar características no aptas para el consumo. Se observó que el tiempo y la temperatura de almacenamiento son factores que afectan de m...

  9. Una propuesta de iniciativas para la producción de agua dulce en la ciudad de Puerto Padre, Las Tunas

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    Juan Ramón Pérez Fajardo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Basado en informes técnicos emitidos por instituciones municipales del territorio de Puerto Padre en la provincia de Las Tunas y en los resultados de entrevistas con representantes de esas propias instituciones y habitantes de la referida localidad, se proponen variantes para la regeneralización de las viejas prácticas de captación de agua dulce a la luz de las actuales circunstancias económicas del país y los avances que ha experimentado la industria de materiales en general, así como adaptar variantes tecnológicas de relativamente bajos costos con iguales propósitos respecto a la disponibilidad de agua, como son los sistemas de desalación de agua de mar con el empleo de energía renovable a escala familiar, tan ampliamente utilizados en regiones de nuestro planeta donde la escasez de agua para el consumo humano impone tonos verdaderamente dramáticos a la existencia misma. Se obtuvo la elaboración de un proyecto que contempla todas estas iniciativas y que ha sido aceptado por las autoridades del gobierno en el territorio y revisado por varios representantes de instituciones académicas y científicas en el país. La ejecución de este proyecto por si solo, no resolverá los problemas de alta contaminación del agua de las fuentes de abasto a la población pero incorporado a nuevas iniciativas constituirá un importante paliativo a la grave problemática que hoy enfrenta ese territorio de grandes potencialidades económicas para el país.

  10. 金枪鱼碎肉蛋白的酶解工艺研究%Study on Enzymatic Hydrolysis Process of Meat Protein from Tuna Meat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 杜帅; 罗红宇

    2013-01-01

    Tuna meat was used as raw material.The DH was regarded as a basis for selecting the proper tool enzyme in the course of selecting compound enzyme.The optimum hydrolysis conditions of pepsin,including the quantity of pepsin,the reaction time,temperature,the pH value,and the substrate concentration(Ratio of fish and water quality),were 800U/g, 3hours,35~40℃,2.0,1∶7.The optimum hydrolysis conditions of flavourzyme were as follows:the quantity of flavourzyme was 52000U/g,2hours,temperature 50~55℃,pH 7.0~7.5.%  采用二步酶解法,以金枪鱼碎肉蛋白为底物,蛋白水解度为指标,分别研究内切酶、端解酶的添加量、酶解时间、酶解温度、酶解pH值对水解度的影响,结果表明:以胃蛋白酶作为第一步水解用酶,胃蛋白酶添加量为800 U/g、酶解时间3 h、温度35~40℃、pH值为2.0、底物浓度(即鱼肉与水质量之比)为1∶7时水解效果最好;风味酶作为第二步水解用酶,添加量为52000 U/g、酶解时间2 h、温度50~55℃、pH值为7~7.5时水解效果最好.

  11. Aspectos clínicos y endoscópicos del adenocarcinoma gástrico en pacientes de Las Tunas, enero de 2013 a enero de 2014

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    Liem Fonseca Chong

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, con el objetivo de caracterizar los pacientes atendidos por adenocarcinoma gástrico en el Hospital General Docente “Dr. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna” de provincia de Las Tunas, durante el periodo comprendido entre el 1 de enero de 2013 y el 1 de enero de 2014. El universo quedó constituido por todos los pacientes a los que se les realizó biopsia de estómago, por lesión sospechosa de adenocarcinoma gástrico, y la muestra por todos los pacientes con diagnóstico histológico de esta enfermedad. Para la obtención de los datos primarios se revisaron los expedientes clínicos de 23 pacientes con biopsia positiva. A partir de un cuestionario se recogieron y procesaron los datos y se interpretaron los resultados. Se encontró un predominio en el sexo masculino (69,5%, en los mayores de 51 años (30,4% y en la población de raza negra (47,8% con antecedentes de infección por helicobacter pylori (69,5%. El 43,4% de los pacientes debutó con una dispepsia prolongada, como síntoma predominante, y la imagen endoscópica más observada fue la úlcera cancerosa (12 casos, en relación con el patrón histológico difuso

  12. Large-Scale Examination of Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Drifting Fish Aggregating Devices (dFADs from Tropical Tuna Fisheries of the Indian and Atlantic Oceans.

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    Alexandra Maufroy

    Full Text Available Since the 1990s, massive use of drifting Fish Aggregating Devices (dFADs to aggregate tropical tunas has strongly modified global purse-seine fisheries. For the first time, a large data set of GPS positions from buoys deployed by French purse-seiners to monitor dFADs is analysed to provide information on spatio-temporal patterns of dFAD use in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans during 2007-2011. First, we select among four classification methods the model that best separates "at sea" from "on board" buoy positions. A random forest model had the best performance, both in terms of the rate of false "at sea" predictions and the amount of over-segmentation of "at sea" trajectories (i.e., artificial division of trajectories into multiple, shorter pieces due to misclassification. Performance is improved via post-processing removing unrealistically short "at sea" trajectories. Results derived from the selected model enable us to identify the main areas and seasons of dFAD deployment and the spatial extent of their drift. We find that dFADs drift at sea on average for 39.5 days, with time at sea being shorter and distance travelled longer in the Indian than in the Atlantic Ocean. 9.9% of all trajectories end with a beaching event, suggesting that 1,500-2,000 may be lost onshore each year, potentially impacting sensitive habitat areas, such as the coral reefs of the Maldives, the Chagos Archipelago, and the Seychelles.

  13. Estimation of the nopal cactus (Opuntia cochenillifera for color removal in drinking water Evaluación de la tuna (Opuntia cochenillifera para la remoción del color en agua potable

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    Joaquín Jiménez Antillón

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The efficiency of nopal cactus to remove color in river and artificial waters for human consumption was evaluated. The performance of nopal was compared with that of aluminum sulfate coagulant and a cationic flocculant.The river water was cha- racterized by high color, low turbidity, alkalinity and hardness, and a high percentage of dissolved oxygen. The cactus leaves showed no activity as unique coa- gulant to be evaluated only in river water. In artificial water, as a sole treatment (45 mg/l, an efficiency of 94% in color removal was observed, slightly higher than that of the conventional treatment (20 mg/l Al2 (SO43 and 2 mg/l of cationic flocculant with a removal of 89%. However, water treated with nopal left a residual COD value doubled (21 mg/l compared to con- ventional treatment. In the treatment of artificial water, nopal as a flocculant showed a color removal of 92% and a residual COD of 31.5 mg /l applied at a dose of 22.5 mg/l and 7 mg/l of Al2 (SO43. The nopal was not very effective to remove the color produced by humic substances in waters of low turbidity and alkalinity, but its applicability as a coagulant/flocculant in waters of high turbidity and alkalinity is promising. It is recommended to extract the active ingredients of natural products to reduce the organic load of treated water and prevent the formation of disin- fection byproducts.El estudio evaluó la eficiencia del cactus de la tuna para remover el color en agua de río y agua artificial para el consumo humano. Se comparó su desem- peño con el coagulante sulfato de aluminio y un floculante catiónico. El agua fluvial se caracterizó por presentar alto color, baja turbidez, alcalinidad y dureza y alto porcentaje de oxígeno disuelto. Las hojas de tuna no mostraron actividad como coagulante único al ser evaluadas en agua de río. Se observó una eficiencia de remoción de color del 94% en agua artificial, cuando se aplicó como tratamiento único (45 mg/l, poco

  14. Numerical simulation of tuna undulatory swimming%金枪鱼自主波动游动的数值模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓锋; 万德成

    2011-01-01

    The fish swimming is a complex hydrodynamic problem. It contains profound hydrodynamic mechanism and potential application. The tuna undulatory swimming was numerically simulated in this paper. The 3D incompressible Navier-Stokes Equation was solved using the artificial compressibility method. The flow field information around swimming fish and force distribution were obtained through the calculations. With these results, the parametric research and the propelling mechanism were analyzed. It was shown from the results that unsteady Navier-Stokes Equations is able to simulate correctly the flow fields of fish undulatory swimming; the reduced frequency and oscillation amplitude of the fish body can effect on the fish swimming; the reverse Karman vortex street arising from the continuing dissipative vortex ring is the main mechanism of the producing of thrust.%鱼类游动问题蕴含着复杂的流体力学机理,其仿生问题同时又有着重要应用背景.该文运用人工伪压缩方法求解三维不可压缩非定常Navier-Stokes方程,计算分析金枪鱼从静止加速起动到巡游直至减速波动游动的全过程,得到鱼类游动时各状态的流场信息以及受力情况.同时结合计算结果,对鱼类游动过程进行了参数研究并且分析了鱼体推力产生的机理.计算结果分析表明:数值求解非定常Navier-Stokes方程能够模拟鱼体运动时的流场;鱼体摆动频率以及摆幅会影响鱼的游动;持续摆动产生的涡环形成反卡门涡街是鱼体游动时产生推力的重要因素.

  15. Extraction and Composition Analysis of Fatty Acid from Tuna Emulsion%金枪鱼乳化液中脂肪酸提取及组成分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小克; 李晓琳; 江晓路; 胡增淼; 李泽瑶; 王鹏

    2012-01-01

    Emulsion is generated during the processing of tuna,and it affects the appearance and flavor of the products seriously.The process parameters affected on the demulsification were studied regarding the demulsification rate as the index.The results showed that the optimum conditions of enzymic hydrolysis is,the amount of animal proteolytic enzyme 400 U/g,hydrolysis time 4 h,hydrolysis pH7.5,the ratio of material to water is 1︰0.5.The total content of saturated fatty acid saturated fatty acid is about 38%,unsaturated fatty acid is about 60%,saturated fatty acid saturated fatty acid saturated fatty acid PUFA is 32.80% in this fatty acid,the content of EPA and DHA is 11.8.32% and 18.46%,respectively.It is yellowish and clarified,with very light fishlike smell,the physical and chemical indexes accord with the first fish oil demand for SC/T 3502-2000 standard.So,it is a kind of potential and functional fatty acid resources.%金枪鱼在加工过程中产生大量乳化液,严重影响产品的外观和风味。以脂肪酸提取率为指标,利用动物蛋白水解酶对乳化液进行处理并对提取脂肪酸的工艺条件进行了研究。结果表明,最佳酶解条件为:加酶量400 U/g,反应时间4 h,pH7.5,固液比1︰0.5。应用气相色谱分析所提脂肪酸的组成,其中饱和脂肪酸含量约为38%,不饱和脂肪酸约为60%。多不饱和脂肪酸(PUFA)的含量达32.80%,其中C20:5(EPA)和C22:6(DHA)的含量分别为8.32%和18.46%。该脂肪酸澄清透明呈淡黄色,略带鱼腥味,各项理化指标均达到SC/T3502-2000标准的鱼油一级要求,是一种潜在的功能性脂肪酸资源。

  16. Seasonal Variation of the Genus Prorocentrum (DINOPHYCEAE in Two Tuna Farms In The Bahía De La Paz, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocio Elizabeth MUCIÑO-MÁRQUEZ

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The genus Prorocentrum Ehrenberg includes 81 marine species, of which 21 are considered causative agents of harmful algal blooms, and approximately 9 species produce toxins. The objectives of this study were to determine distribution and abundance of Prorocentrum species during an annual cycle at two sampling sites within tuna farms near San Juan de La Costa (SC, Rancheros del Mar (RM and at a station without the influence of these farms located off El Mogote (M, in the Bahia de la Paz, Gulf of California. Samples were taken monthly (June 2006-May 2007 at different depths at SC (0, 25 and 50 m, at the RM (0, 15 and 30 m and at El Mogote (0 m with a van Dorn bottle. The results showed a total of twelve species in the annual cycle: P. compressum, P. dactylus, P. emarginatum, P. gracile, P. lima, P. micans, P. minimum, P. rhathymum, P. rostratum, P. shikokuense, P. triestinum and P. vaginula, of which the first eight are bloomsVARIACIÓN ESTACIONAL DEL GÉNERO Prorocentrum (DINOPHYCEAE EN DOS GRANJAS ATUNERAS EN LA BAHÍA DE LA PAZ, MÉXICOEl género Prorocentrum Ehrenberg, incluye 62 especies marinas, 21 son consideradas formadoras de florecimientos algales nocivos (FAN, de las cuales aproximadamente 10 especies producen toxinas. Considerando lo anterior, el objetivo de este trabajo consistió en determinar la distribución y abundancia de las especies del género Prorocentrum durante un ciclo anual, en dos estaciones de muestreo ubicadas dentro del ámbito de las granjas atuneras y en una estación fuera de la influencia de las granjas en la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S Las muestras de agua se recolectaron mensualmente (junio 2006-mayo 2007 con una botella van Dorn en diferentes niveles de profundidad. En San Juan de La Costa (SC se recolectaron en superficie 25 y 50 m, en Rancheros del Mar (RM en superficie, 15, y 30 m, y en El Mogote (M solo en superficie. A lo largo del ciclo anual, en las granjas atuneras en la Bahía de La Paz, se registraron

  17. Características de pacientes con cáncer de mama diagnosticado en el año 2013 en el municipio de Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Nicolás Milián Mosquera

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: el cáncer de mama constituye la primera causa de muerte de las mujeres en el mundo. El diagnostico precoz y el tratamiento oportuno de las lesiones mamarias constituyen pilares fundamentales en la evolución y pronóstico de este tipo de cáncer. Objetivo: describir las características clínico-epidemiológicas de las pacientes con cáncer de mama del municipio de Las Tunas, provincia del mismo nombre, Cuba; en el periodo de enero a diciembre de 2013. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional-descriptivo y transversal. La población de estudio estuvo constituida por las 59 pacientes que se les diagnosticó cáncer de mama. Se estudiaron los antecedentes patológicos personales, antecedentes patológicos familiares de patología mamaria, menopausia, ingestión de hormonas y otros factores asociados. Se definió el BIRADS (por las siglas en inglés de Breast Imaging reporting and data system mamográfico y se determinó la etapa clínica en que estaban las pacientes cuando se realizó el diagnóstico. Para la recolección de la información fueron utilizados datos estadísticos, historias clínicas individuales, hojas de cargo y resultados de las biopsias y se procesaron por el método estadístico porcentual. Resultados: en la muestra predominó el grupo de edad entre los 50-59 años, los principales factores de riesgo asociados estuvieron relacionados con los antecedentes familiares de haber padecido esta enfermedad, la categoría mamográfica predominante fue la BIRADS IV, y la etapa clínica II. Conclusiones: el mayor por ciento de pacientes se diagnosticó de forma tardía, a pesar de los esfuerzos del sistema nacional de salud para aumentar la pesquisa del cáncer de mama.

  18. Impacto de la mastoplastia reductiva con técnicas de mínima incisión. Las Tunas, 2008-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Alain Dieppa Ramírez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio experimental, con el objetivo de evaluar la utilidad de la Mastoplastia reductiva con técnicas de mínima incisión, en el Servicio de Cirugía Plástica del Hospital Provincial Docente “Dr. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna” de la ciudad de Las Tunas; en el periodo comprendido de abril de 2008 a marzo de 2010. El universo estuvo constituido por las 281 pacientes con diagnóstico de hipertrofia mamaria, acompañada o no de ptosis mamaria, y la muestra quedó constituida por las 136 pacientes con diagnóstico de hipertrofia mamaria, grado I, II o III, con criterio quirúrgico estético y/o funcional, las cuales tributaban a la realización de la cirugía con técnicas de mínima incisión durante el período de estudio. Para lograr los objetivos, los datos fueron recogidos de fuentes primarias y secundarias a través del interrogatorio directo, examen físico y de la historia clínica de cada paciente. Todos fueron procesados utilizando la estadística descriptiva mediante el análisis porcentual. Los principales resultados mostraron un predominio del grupo de 23 a 35 años de edad, el tipo de deformidad más operada fue la hipertrofia mamaria moderada, asimismo el tipo de anestesia más usada fue la local. A pesar de ser la dehiscencia de la herida quirúrgica la más frecuente complicación, las operadas se mostraron altamente satisfechas de acuerdo al tamaño, forma, simetría y sensibilidad; siendo la reducción de la cicatriz resultante el parámetro de mayor impacto.

  19. Potential impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on large pelagic fishes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frias-Torres, Sarrah; Bostater, Charles R., Jr.

    2011-11-01

    Biogeographical analyses provide insights on how the Deepwater Horizon oil spill impacted large pelagic fishes. We georeferenced historical ichthyoplankton surveys and published literature to map the spawning and larval areas of bluefin tuna, swordfish, blue marlin and whale shark sightings in the Gulf of Mexico with daily satellite-derived images detecting surface oil. The oil spill covered critical areas used by large pelagic fishes. Surface oil was detected in 100% of the northernmost whale shark sightings, in 32.8 % of the bluefin tuna spawning area and 38 % of the blue marlin larval area. No surface oil was detected in the swordfish spawning and larval area. Our study likely underestimates the extend of the oil spill due to satellite sensors detecting only the upper euphotic zone and the use of dispersants altering crude oil density, but provides a previously unknown spatio-temporal analysis.

  20. 响应面法优化酶解提取金枪鱼鱼油的工艺研究%Optimization of the Enzymatic Extraction of Tuna Oil by Response Surface Methodology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何键东; 王朋; 胡烨; 罗红宇

    2012-01-01

    [目的]研究蛋白酶提取鱼油的工艺,为鱼油的提取研究提供参考.[方法]利用金枪鱼蒸煮油水混合液为原料,采用胰蛋白酶进行水解,以鱼油提取率为考察指标,采用响应面分析方法研究酶解提取金枪鱼鱼油的最佳工艺条件.[结果]试验得到酶解提取金枪鱼鱼油的最佳工艺条件为:加酶量1.71%、pH 7.94、时间4.22h、温度44℃,在该条件下制备的鱼油提取率达90.23%.经脱胶、脱酸、脱色及脱臭制得的鱼油符合精制鱼油1级标准,其中DHA和EPA含量分别为27.71%和5.94%.[结论]采用胰蛋白酶对金枪鱼蒸煮油水混合液进行水解提取鱼油具有一定的可行性.%[ Objective ] The aim was to study the extraction technology of fish oil by protease, so as to provide references for its study. [ Method] The mixed solution of tuna oil and water was hydrolyzed with trypsin. With the extraction rate offish oil as the investigation target, the response surface methodology was adopted to optimize the extraction technology of tuna oil. [Result] The best extraction conditions were; 1. 71% of trypsin dose, 7.94 of pH, 4. 22 h of extraction time and 44 ? of extraction temperature, under these conditions, the extraction rate offish oil could be up to 90.23% , the degummed, deacidified, decolored and deodorized fish oil met the first-grade standard, its DHA and EPA were 27.71% and 5.94% , respectively. [Conclusion] It is practical to extract the fish oil from the mixed tuna oil and water solution through the hydrolysis of trypsin.

  1. 基于贝叶斯概率的印度洋大眼金枪鱼渔场预报%Fishing ground forecasting of bigeye tuna in the Indian ocean based on bayesian probability model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周为峰; 樊伟; 崔雪森; 杨胜龙; 伍玉梅

    2012-01-01

    Based on the framework of Bayesian Probability model, historic statistic data of bigeye tuna longline catch in the Indian Ocean from IOTC and optimum interpolation sea surface temperature data from satellite remote sensing from NOAA were used to estimate the model prediction parameters for the Indian Ocean tuna longline fisheries. The validation results of the model showed that the forecasting accuracy of the model for the Indian Ocean bigeye tuna longline fisheries reached 65.96%. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) SST products were used to do cyclical fishery forecasting in one week cycle and to provide information to support the production of offshore fishing in the Indian Ocean region.%本文采用贝叶斯概率为模型基础框架,利用来自印度洋金枪鱼管理委员会(IOTC)的大眼金枪鱼延绳钓历史渔获统计数据和美国国家海洋大气管理局(NOAA)的海温最优插值再分析数据,进行适用于印度洋金枪鱼延绳钓渔场的模型参数估算与预报模型构建。模型回报精度验证结果表明,印度洋大眼金枪鱼延绳钓渔场综合预报的准确率达到了65.96%。模型预报结果用概率百分比来表示,符合渔业资源分布的客观特点。利用中分辨率成像光谱仪MODIS提供的SST产品进行业务化运行的渔场预报,利用模型结果每周生成印度洋大眼金枪鱼延绳钓渔场概率预报图,用不同大小的圆形来表示渔场概率的高低,可以为印度洋区域的远洋渔业生产提供信息支持。

  2. Perfluorooctanesulfonate and related fluorochemicals in several organisms including humans from Italy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corsolini, S. [Siena Univ. (Italy); Kannan, K. [New York State Univ., Albany, NY (United States)

    2004-09-15

    this study, concentrations of PFOS, FOSA (or PFOSA), PFHxS, and PFOA in marine mammals including bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba), common dolphins (Delphinus delphi), fin whales (Balenoptera physalus), long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas); in fishes such as northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus), swordfish (Xiphias gladius); and in common cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) collected from Italian coast of the Mediterranean Sea and in blood of the general population from Italy are reported.

  3. Allowing macroalgae growth forms to emerge: Use of an agent-based model to understand the growth and spread of macroalgae in Florida coral reefs, with emphasis on Halimeda tuna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yniguez, A.T.; McManus, J.W.; DeAngelis, D.L.

    2008-01-01

    The growth patterns of macroalgae in three-dimensional space can provide important information regarding the environments in which they live, and insights into changes that may occur when those environments change due to anthropogenic and/or natural causes. To decipher these patterns and their attendant mechanisms and influencing factors, a spatially explicit model has been developed. The model SPREAD (SPatially-explicit Reef Algae Dynamics), which incorporates the key morphogenetic characteristics of clonality and morphological plasticity, is used to investigate the influences of light, temperature, nutrients and disturbance on the growth and spatial occupancy of dominant macroalgae in the Florida Reef Tract. The model species, Halimeda and Dictyota spp., are modular organisms, with an 'individual' being made up of repeating structures. These species can also propagate asexually through clonal fragmentation. These traits lead to potentially indefinite growth and plastic morphology that can respond to environmental conditions in various ways. The growth of an individual is modeled as the iteration of discrete macroalgal modules whose dynamics are affected by the light, temperature, and nutrient regimes. Fragmentation is included as a source of asexual reproduction and/or mortality. Model outputs are the same metrics that are obtained in the field, thus allowing for easy comparison. The performance of SPREAD was tested through sensitivity analysis and comparison with independent field data from four study sites in the Florida Reef Tract. Halimeda tuna was selected for initial model comparisons because the relatively untangled growth form permits detailed characterization in the field. Differences in the growth patterns of H. tuna were observed among these reefs. SPREAD was able to closely reproduce these variations, and indicate the potential importance of light and nutrient variations in producing these patterns. ?? 2008 Elsevier B.V.

  4. Metasomatismo en ortoanfibolitas de la Faja máfica-ultramáfica del río de las tunas, Mendoza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Florencia Gargiulo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Se identificaron claras evidencias petro-mineralógicas y químicas de metasomatismo en ortoanfibolitas de la faja máficaultramáfica del Río de Las Tunas, Cordillera Frontal de Mendoza. Estas ortoanfibolitas integran el basamento metamórfico de la Cordillera Frontal y pertenecen al Complejo Guarguaráz. La peculiaridad que poseen, es el desarrollo de asociaciones de minerales calcosilicáticos vinculados a texturas que indican condiciones de desequilibrio. Los cristaloblastos de anfíbol están reemplazados en los bordes por clinopiroxeno (diópsido ferroso y los individuos de plagioclasa se encuentran casi completamente reemplazados por un agregado muy fino de granate-epidotos.l -prehnita-pumpellyita-albita, que actúa a modo de matriz de la roca. Los cristales de anfíbol y clinopiroxeno están, a su vez, parcialmente reemplazados por pumpellyita y/o clorita, mientras que la matriz se encuentra alterada débilmente por muscovita y calcita. Los cristales de granate corresponden a la serie grosularia-andradita y su composición promedio es Alm05Adr53Prp01Sps04Grs36Uv01. Cristales con mayor contenido de Cr2O3 (11,69-13,17% en peso y sutil zonalidad composicional, determinada por un núcleo más rico en el componente uvarovítico: Alm03Adr13Prp00Sps02Grs35Uv47, y borde con incremento de la proporción del componente grosulárico: Alm03Adr12Prp00Sps01Grs44Uv40, suelen estar en contacto con cristales de magnetita con hasta un 20% de componente cromítico. La zonalidad composicional presente también en los cristales de anfíbol permitió estimar valores de presión entre 2,5 y 4,2 kbar. Las asociaciones minerales junto con sus características texturales y químicas distinguen a estas rocas del resto de las ortoanfibolitas que afloran en el área de estudio y se las interpreta y clasifica como rodingitas clinopiroxénicas con granate y clinozoisita. Las condiciones de presión obtenidas, junto con el desarrollo de los minerales calcosilic

  5. ComParison of delay difference model and surPlus Production model aPPlied to albacore(Thunnus alalunga)in the South Atlantic Ocean%时滞差分模型与剩余产量模型的应用比较--以南大西洋长鳍金枪鱼为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张魁; 陈作志; 黄梓荣; 许友伟

    2015-01-01

    We applied surplus production model and delay difference model to analyze the data of the southern Atlantic albacore (Thunnus alalunga)stock. Results show that the delay difference model captured annual fluctuation of catch per unit effort(CPUE) better than the Schaefer model. Akaike information criterion(AIC)also reveals that delay difference model performed better. We cal-culated an 80% percentile confidence interval of maximum sustainable yield(MSY)of 21 756 ~ 23 408 t(median 22 490 t)and 26 116 ~ 28 959 t(median 27 520 t)by delay difference model and Schaefer model,respectively. Results of biological reference points show that the southern Atlantic albacore stock was in a good state before 1985 but had been overfished from 1985 to 2005;after that,it was rebuilt gradually but must be taken care of. The delay difference model gave more effective and conservative results than the surplus production model.%将剩余产量模型和时滞差分模型分别应用于南大西洋长鳍金枪鱼(Thunnus alalunga)渔业数据,结果表明,比起剩余产量模型,时滞差分模型拟合的单位捕捞努力渔获量( catch per unit effort,CPUE)曲线能够更好地捕捉到 CPUE 随着时间的波动。赤池信息量准则( Akaike information criterion,AIC)的结果显示,时滞差分模型比Schaefer 模型的评估效果要好。时滞差分模型评估的最大可持续产量( maximum sustainable yield,MSY)中值为22490 t,80%置信区间为21756~23408 t;剩余产量模型评估的 MSY 中值为27520 t,80%的置信区间为26116~28959 t。生物学参考点的结果表明目标群体在1985年以前资源状态较好;1985年~2005年的20年里处于过度捕捞状态;2005年后资源状况得到改善,但仍需加强管理。比起剩余产量模型,时滞差分模型给出了更为有效且保守的评估结果。

  6. Tuna fishery research in India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Menezes, M.R.; Kumar, G.; Kunal, S.

    stream_size 3 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Enviroscan_Newslett_2_7.pdf.txt stream_source_info Enviroscan_Newslett_2_7.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  7. Pelagic longline fishing trials to shape a mitigation device of the depredation by toothed whales

    OpenAIRE

    Rabearisoa, Njaratiana; Bach, Pascal; Tixier, P.; Guinet, C.

    2012-01-01

    Depredation is defined as the damage or removal of fish from fishing gear by predators, and is a crucial issue leading to negative impacts on both animals involved in depredation and fisheries. Depredation in longline pelagic fisheries targeting swordfish (Xiphias gladius) and tuna (Thunnus spp.) involves short-finned pilot whales (Globicephala macrorhynchus), false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and some pelagic sharks. Since no long-term solution could be found to date, we investigate...

  8. 基于GAM模型研究金枪鱼围网沉降性能影响因素%Impact factors of sinking performance for tuna purse seine based on the generalized additive model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐浩; 许柳雄; 周成; 朱国平; 王学昉

    2013-01-01

    Tuna purse seining is the most efficient fishing method in the modern tuna fisheries,and the this present study analyzed the sinking performance in tuna purse seines and its relationships with impact factors,which are beneficial to improve efficient fishing in tuna purse seines.Based on the data collected from the tuna purse seiner "JINHUI 7" operating in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean(WCPO) during September to December 2011,the present study analyzed the relationship between sinking depth (H)and other variables,including shooting duration(T),shooting velocity(V0),length of purse line(L),length of ran line(L1)andcurrent speed(V10,V60 and V120) of 10 m,60 m and 120 m layers,the impact factors on sinking depth are also estimated using the generalized additive model(GAM).The results show that(1) the relationship between the sinking depth (H) and time (t) for the middle section of leadline can be described by the formula H =-0.000 2 t2 +0.408 6 t + 1.809 9 (R2 =0.999 3).(2) the sinking speed decreased with the increasing depth,the relationship between the sinking speed (V) at the middle part of leadline and time (t) can be described using the formula V=2.5 × 10-7 t2-6 × 10-4 t +0.441 2(R2 =0.985 2).(3) the analysis of stepwise GAM shows that four factors have a significant impact on the sinking depth (P < 0.05) and the significance can be ordered by V120,L,T and V60;(4) the analysis of GAM shows that the sinking depth increases gradually with the increasing shooting duration,which concentrates on the period of 500-550 s;current speed has a negative correlation to the sinking depth;the length of purse line is mainly concentrated in about 1 800 m.%金枪鱼围网渔业是现代金枪鱼渔业中捕捞效率最高的方法,研究围网沉降性能与影响因子之间的关系有利于提高围网捕捞效率.利用2011年9-12月金枪鱼围网渔船“金汇7号”在中西太平洋作业时所收集的数据,实验分析了围网沉降深度(H)与

  9. Caracterización y evolución metamórfica de las rocas ultramáficas de la faja del río de las Tunas, Cordillera Frontal de Mendoza Characteristics and metamorphic evolution of the ultramafic rocks from Río de Las Tunas Belt, Frontal Cordillera of Mendoza.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Florencia Gargiulo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el estudio petro-mineralógico y químico de metaperidotitas y serpentinitas de la faja máfica-ultramáfica del río de Las Tunas, Cordillera Frontal de Mendoza. Las metaperidotitas preservan relictos de Ol, Cpx, Spls.l. (castaño-rojizo y escaso Opx con diferentes proporciones modales, que permiten inferir protolitos de dunitas, dunitas espinélicas, dunitas clinopiroxénicas, wehrlitas, clinopiroxenitas olivínicas y clinopiroxenitas. La secuencia de cristalización observada en los minerales de reemplazo de las fases primarias: Srp+Mgt(±Brc±Chl→àTr±Tlc→�}Ath→à±Spls.s./Ple(verde±Opx, evidencia el proceso de serpentinización inicial seguido de aumento del grado metamórfico hasta alcanzar condiciones equivalentes a la transición entre la facies de anfibolita de alto grado y la facies de granulita. Un segundo evento de serpentinización manifestado por texturas pseudomórficas según Amp y Chl y texturas no pseudomórficas y de recristalización, junto con las secuencias a FeChr→àCrMgtà→Mgt y b Spls.s./Ple(verdeà→Mgt, indican condiciones posteriores de bajo grado vinculadas a la etapa retrógrada del ciclo de metamorfismo regional. Durante esta etapa también se desarrollan zonas de reacción entre los cuerpos ultramáficos y su roca de caja, como consecuencia de un proceso metasomático entre las litologías en contacto. De manera relativamente simultánea, se genera también la carbonatización penetrativa de cuerpos ultramáficos cercanos a los niveles carbonáticos del Complejo Guarguaráz. Durante el estadío final del ciclo metamórfico, se emplazan cuerpos ígneos gondwánicos en el área de estudio, que aportan las condiciones físico-químicas que favorecen la movilización de elementos y la concentración de minerales, además de potenciar el desarrollo de los procesos metasomáticos. Un nuevo evento de serpentinización restringido en zonas de cizalla, concentra la alteración extrema y

  10. 金枪鱼延绳钓船机电混合动力系统节油效果分析%Analysis of fuel saving effect of tuna longliner electromechanical hybrid power system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    都劲松; 史斌杰; 石浩舰; 黄伟

    2016-01-01

    Tuna longliner fishing is an important part of the pelagic fishery .The process of tuna fishing consists of two completely different working conditions:navigation and operation .The speed is high with the condition of navigation , and the speed is low with the condition of operation .In order to meet the requirenents of the two conditions, the electromechanical hybrid power system through the diesel electric independent operation ( PTH) mode is used .Electromechanical hybrid power system is composed of two parts , which are the diesel engine propulsion system and electric propulsion system .The high power diesel engine model is used when the speed is high , and the small power electric propulsion mode is used when the speed is low .In the past two years, Shanghai Ocean Fishing Company has built five tuna longliners which are equipped with electromechanical hybrid system .According to the real ship test , fuel saving was 25%and 8%with different types in the hooking stage in the operation period , and fuel saving of voyage reached to 14%in the navigation period.Through calculation and analysis , the initial investment cost of using electromechanical power hybrid system throgh the diesel electric independent operation ( PTH) mode could be recovered by way of fuel saving within four years .The fuel saving effects showed that using electric propulsion could save 15%-20% of the fuel compared with the diesel engine propulsion , which could achieve the effects of good energy-saving, emission reduction and cost reduction .%金枪鱼延绳钓渔业是远洋渔业的重要组成部分。金枪鱼延绳钓作业过程包括航行、作业两种完全不同的工况。航行工况时要求航速较高,作业工况时要求航速较低。为了满足这两种工况,采用柴电独立运行( PTH)方式机电混合动力系统。机电混合动力系统由柴油机推进系统与电力推进系统两部分组成。高航速时使用大功率的柴油机模式,低航速

  11. 金枪鱼肌原纤维蛋白热凝及流变特性的研究%Heating-induced gel and rheological properties of tuna myofibrillar protein

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘琴; 包海蓉; 奚春蕊; 缪函霖

    2013-01-01

    The gelation characteristics of myofibrillar proteins are indicative of fish product texture. Gaining an additional insight of the gelation mechanism of tuna meat gel system was beneficial for the development of processed tuna products as well as maintaining quality in meat products. The effect of NaCI concentration (0.3~0.6mol/L),on tuna myofibrillar protein gelation and rheological properties were studied using dynamic oscillatory rheometer of both small-amplitude oscillatory shear(SAOS) and large-amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS). The results showed that during the gel heating-induced process, the G' of myofibrillar protein increased with the increase of NaCI concentration before 47℃. But this general trend changed after 47℃,G' reached a maximum value at NaCI concentration 0.4mol/L. The influence of NaCI was stronger during the period of gel formation. The relationship between its storage modulus and strain within could be described by the logarithmic model. The LAOS tests showed that the higher NaCI concentration would bring closer network structure and larger energy dissipated (Ed) during a sinusoidal stress cycle. The higher NaCI concentration would be able to hold linear viscoelasticity steadily.%鱼肉的组织学特性和肌原纤维蛋白的凝胶学特性有很大的相关性.深入探讨金枪鱼肉肌原纤维凝胶体系的凝胶机理,有利于开发保证质量的金枪鱼肉制品. 本研究通过小振幅及大振幅振荡剪切流变学方法,探讨NaCl浓度(0.3~0.6mol/L)对金枪鱼肌原纤维蛋白热凝胶特性及流变特性的影响.结果表明,热诱导凝胶过程中,在47℃之前,弹性模量(G’)随NaCl浓度的增加而增大,在47℃之后总体趋势发生改变,G’在NaCl浓度为0.4mol/L达到最大值.NaCl浓度在肌原纤维蛋白凝胶形成过程中对流变的影响最大. 对数模型能很好地关联线性粘弹性区间的应变同G’的数量关系. 大振幅振荡测试(LAOS)表明,随着浓度的增

  12. 大西洋金枪鱼延绳钓主要兼捕鱼种垂直分布结构研究%VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION OF BYCATCH SPECIES CAPTURED BY TUNA LONGLINE FISHERY IN THE ATLANTIC OCEAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许友伟; 戴小杰; 庄之栋; 朱江峰; 陈彦

    2012-01-01

    研究延绳钓渔获物的垂直分布结构对于评估延绳钓渔业对目标和兼捕种类的影响具有重要的理论和实际参考价值.根据2007-2010年间2个航次调查采集的热带大西洋公海海域(05°N~15°N,29°W~41°W)金枪鱼延绳钓主要兼捕鱼种的渔获资料,估算了14种渔获物的钓获深度,包括金枪鱼类3种、旗鱼类3种、鲨鱼类3种、其它鱼类3种、海龟2种.当钓钩上浮率假设分别为15%、20%和25%时,最小估算深度分别为122、114和107m,最大估算深度分别为311、293和275m.叉尾长鳍乌鲂的平均钓获深度最深,海龟类的平均钓获深度最浅.四分位距图(IQR)显示,各物种的深度分布范围变化很大,有些种类之间的深度分布中值虽然相近,但深度分布范围却相差很大.除剑鱼外,其余兼捕物种与大眼金枪鱼的深度分布均值均有显著性差异.而除剑鱼和红棱鲂外,其余兼捕物种与大眼金枪鱼的深度分布函数均有显著性差异.聚类分析显示14种渔获物可以分成3种垂直分布结构.%Information of vertical distribution of pelagic species has important value for the assessment of impact of longline fisheries on target and bycatch species. Based on capture hook data of pelagic species in two longline scientific observer trips in the high sea of tropical Atlantic Ocean during 2007~2010, we estimated the capture depths of 14 species, including three species of tunas, three species of billfishes, three species of sharks, two species of sea turtles and others. When the constant shoaling factors were 15%, 20% and 25%, the minimum estimated depths were 122,114 and 107m, and the maximum estimated depths were 311,293 and 275m, respectively. The species with the deepest capture depth was bigscale pomfret. The species with the shallowest capture depth was sea turtles. Interquartile range map (IQR) showed the depth distribution of each species varied greatly. Except for sword-fish, the mean

  13. 金枪鱼延绳钓船机电混合动力系统节油效果分析%Analysis of fuel saving effect of tuna longliner electromechanical hybrid power system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    都劲松; 史斌杰; 石浩舰; 黄伟

    2016-01-01

    金枪鱼延绳钓渔业是远洋渔业的重要组成部分。金枪鱼延绳钓作业过程包括航行、作业两种完全不同的工况。航行工况时要求航速较高,作业工况时要求航速较低。为了满足这两种工况,采用柴电独立运行( PTH)方式机电混合动力系统。机电混合动力系统由柴油机推进系统与电力推进系统两部分组成。高航速时使用大功率的柴油机模式,低航速时使用小功率的电力推进模式。上海远洋渔业有限公司近两年先后两批次建造了5条装备了PTH方式机电混合动力系统金枪鱼延绳钓船。根据实船测试,在作业期间,不同船型起钩阶段节油25%和8%,航行节油均达14%。通过计算分析,使用PTH方式,机电混合动力系统增加的初始投资成本可通过节油方式在4年内回收。综合节油效果显示,使用电力推进比使用柴油机推进可以节油15%~20%,达到了良好的节能减排、降低运营成本的效果。%Tuna longliner fishing is an important part of the pelagic fishery .The process of tuna fishing consists of two completely different working conditions:navigation and operation .The speed is high with the condition of navigation , and the speed is low with the condition of operation .In order to meet the requirenents of the two conditions, the electromechanical hybrid power system through the diesel electric independent operation ( PTH) mode is used .Electromechanical hybrid power system is composed of two parts , which are the diesel engine propulsion system and electric propulsion system .The high power diesel engine model is used when the speed is high , and the small power electric propulsion mode is used when the speed is low .In the past two years, Shanghai Ocean Fishing Company has built five tuna longliners which are equipped with electromechanical hybrid system .According to the real ship test , fuel saving was 25%and 8%with different types in

  14. Caracterización de pacientes con retinopatía diabética atendidos en el Servicio de Retina del Centro Oftalmológico de Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brunilda De Los Ángeles Aveleira Ortiz

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, en pacientes diabéticos remitidos a consulta de retina del Hospital General Docente “Dr. Ernesto Guevara De La Serna”, en la provincia de Las Tunas, desde febrero 2012 a diciembre 2013, con el objetivo de caracterizar los referidos pacientes. La muestra quedó integrada por 211 diabéticos tipo I y II con retinopatía diabética. Las variables analizadas fueron edad, sexo, agudeza visual, tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad, tipo de retinopatía diabética y tiempo medio de la última consulta oftalmológica. El sexo femenino se presentó en el 54%, la edad comprendida entre 61-70 años fue la más frecuente, con un 26,5%. Como factor atenuante de la retinopatía se destacó el glaucoma de ángulo abierto, con 10,9%, y la miopía, con un 5,6%. El 53% de los pacientes tenían más de 15 años de evolución de la diabetes. La retinopatía diabética no proliferativa severa estuvo en el 27,9%. Se evidenció la entidad en una muestra de pacientes no vistos antes en consulta de oftalmología

  15. Efecto del Almacenamiento a Diferentes Temperaturas sobre la Calidad de Tuna Roja (Opuntia ficus indica (L. Miller Effect of the Storage at Different Temperatures on the Quality of Red Prickle Pear (Opuntia ficus indica (L. Miller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E Ochoa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia el efecto del almacenamiento a diferentes temperaturas sobre la calidad de tuna roja (Opuntia ficus indica (L. Miller, variedad San Martín. El fruto se almacenó a 4±1, 9±2 y 28±2°C para determinar su vida útil. Se realizó semanalmente la caracterización fisicoquímica, enzimática, antioxidante y microbiológica durante el almacenamiento, hasta observar características no aptas para el consumo. Se observó que el tiempo y la temperatura de almacenamiento son factores que afectan de manera significativa (P0,05 a las diferentes temperaturas de almacenamiento. Sin embargo, la actividad antioxidante presentó un aumento significativo con el tiempo.The effect of the storage at different temperatures on the quality of red prickle pear (Opuntia ficus indica (L. Miller San Martín variety. The fruit was stored at 4±1, 9±2, and 28±2°C for determining its shelf life. Once a week, physicochemical, enzymatic, antioxidant and microbiological characteristics were evaluated until fruit showed no edible characteristics. Time and storage temperature were the two parameters that significantly affected (p0.05 during storage time. However, antioxidant capacity presented a significant increase with time.

  16. Effects of Tuna oil on Learning and Memory in Senile Mice Induced by D-galactose%金枪鱼鱼油对D-半乳糖致衰老小鼠学习记忆的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王霞; 苏秀榕; 黄健; 李妍妍; 赵凤敏; 曹福生; 王求娟; 陈义方; 夏静波; 徐嘉杰

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effects of tuna oil on learning and memory in senile mice induced by D— galactose(Gal). Melhod: 72 mice were divided randomly into six groups: normal control(NC), model control(MC), positive control (PC), low dose(LD), medium dose(MD), high dose(HD). NC with normal saline [ 1 000 mg/(kg·d) ], while the others were treated with D-galactose[1 000 mg/(kg·d)) by subcutaneous injection. NC and MC were given I.g. Normal saline (10 mL/kg bw), LD,MD and HD groups were given I.g 10 mL/kg bw tuna oil respectively 20 mg/mL、 50 mg/mL and 100 mg/mL. PC were treated with piracetam [200 mg/(kg·d) ]. After six weeks, learning and memory ability in mice were evaluated by Morris water maze and Y-maze. Their brains were dissected out after Y-maze experiment for detecting the level of MDA, the activity of SOD and GSH-Px. Results: Compared with MC, the escape latency was obviously shortened, and the ratio of swimming time and distance in platform region in Morris water maze was increased, correct times were increased in Y-maze, time of electronic shock was shortened, the activity of SOD and GSH-Px was increased and the level of MDA was decreased of mice treated with tuna oil at different dose. Moreover, the high—dose group exhibited the similar effects with the piracetam-treated group. Conclusion; Tuna oil can improve learning and memory of senile mice induced by D—galactose.%目的:探讨金枪鱼鱼油对D-半乳糖(Gal)诱导的衰老小鼠学习记忆能力的作用.方法:ICR小鼠72只,随机分为正常对照组(NC),衰老模型组(MC),鱼油低、中、高剂量组(LD、MD、HD)和阳性对照组(PC),每组12只.空白组注射生理盐水[1 000 mg/(kg·d)],其余小鼠皮下注射D-半乳糖[1 000 mg/(kg·d)],正常对照组和衰老模型组每天灌胃10 mL/kg bw蒸馏水,低、中、高剂量组灌胃不同质量浓度10 mL/kg bw的鱼油制剂(20,50,100mg/mL).阳性对照组灌胃脑复康[200 mg/(kg· d)].灌胃6周后,采

  17. Through the stomach of a predator: Regional patterns of forage in the diet of albacore tuna in the California Current System and metrics needed for ecosystem-based management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Sarah M.; Waechter, Katrina E.; Bransome, Nicole C.

    2015-06-01

    Foraging habits of predators can reveal patterns in prey ecology and guide ecosystem-based management by informing species interactions. This study describes the diet habits of albacore tuna in three regions (north, central, south) of the California Current System (CCS) and estimates the total predation mortality imposed on twenty prey taxa. The northern CCS was defined by predation on decapods, euphausiids, anchovy and hake. The central CCS was defined by predation on squid, hake and Pacific saury. The southern CCS was defined by predation on anchovy. We estimate North Pacific albacore consumed each year, on average, 54,000 mt of decapods and euphausiids, 43,000 mt of cephalopods, 84,000 mt of juvenile hake, 1600 mt of myctophids, 21,000 mt of juvenile sardine, 10,000 mt of juvenile rockfishes, almost 43,000 mt of Pacific saury, and over 107,000 mt of juvenile anchovy. While variability in predation certainly exists, this and prior studies show that diet habits of albacore are fairly stable through time. The northern CCS appears to be a more significant source of energy for albacore. When designing ecosystem-based approaches to the management of CCS-based fisheries, we recommend that the forage contribution of saury, hake and anchovy to the albacore population be considered.

  18. Shark predation on migrating adult american eels (Anguilla rostrata) in the Gulf of St. Lawrence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Béguer-Pon, Mélanie; Benchetrit, José; Castonguay, Martin;

    2012-01-01

    to identify the eel predators, we compared their vertical migratory behavior with those of satellite-tagged porbeagle shark and bluefin tuna, the only endothermic fishes occurring non-marginally in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. We accurately distinguished between tuna and shark by using the behavioral criteria....... Surprisingly, of the seven tags that successfully transmitted archived data, six were ingested by warm-gutted predators, as observed by a sudden increase in water temperature. Gut temperatures were in the range of 20 to 25°C--too cold for marine mammals but within the range of endothermic fish. In order...... generated by comparing the diving behavior of these two species with those of our unknown predators. Depth profile characteristics of most eel predators more closely resembled those of sharks than those of tuna. During the first days following tagging, all eels remained in surface waters and did not exhibit...

  19. Study on Application of HACCP System on Histamine and Microorganism Control of Canned Skipjack Tuna Product for Export%出口金枪鱼罐头中组胺及微生物控制的HACCP应用技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李微微; 吴祖芳; 周秀锦; 沈飚

    2013-01-01

    以金枪鱼(Skipjack Tuna)罐头生产加工过程为例,分析了生产原料及罐头生产流程各环节物料微生物变化情况,部分工艺参数对细菌总数及组胺产生的影响;确定了原料验收、解冻清洗、预蒸煮和配料封罐为主要关键控制点,并制定HACCP计划,建立相应的监控程序和纠偏措施.经HACCP计划实施前后细菌总数与组胺质量分数对比分析,结果表明解冻阶段细菌数减少约30%,成品细菌总数减少49%,成品中组胺质量分数也从3.5 mg/kg降至1.5 mg/kg,同时提高了水产制品卫生品质及保质期.%The raw materials and microbial changes in different periods of production process of canned marine products were investigated, using Skipjack Tuna production as an example in this paper. The effects of processing factors on the total bacterial population and histamine content were also studied. The crucial control points of entire production process were established including the raw material examination,defrozen cleaning,precooking,ingredients and can sealing. A HACCP plan was established, meanwhile the monitoring program and rectification measures were set up. The total bacterial population and histamine content of tuna in the canning processing were compared by adopting the HACCP plan established. The results showed that the bacterial population reduced about 30% in the phase of defrost by HACCP procedure. It also reduced by 49% for the final product. The histamine content of the final product is also reduced from the 3.5 mg/kg to 1.5 mg/kg. These results demonstrated that the hygiene quality and preservation period of the Skipjack Tuna product have been improved.

  20. 瓦努阿图周边海域长鳍金枪鱼渔场分布及其与表温关系%DISTRIBUTION OF FISHING GROUND OF THUNNUS ALALUNGA AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE IN THE WATERS AROUND VANUATU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范江涛; 陈新军; 钱卫国; 刘必林

    2011-01-01

    The sea surface temperature (SST) is an important environmental factor affecting fishing ground. According to the catch data from Chinese tuna longlining fleets and SST from satellite remote sensing in the waters around Vanuatu in 2008, the spatial and temporal distribution of albacore tuna and its relationship with SST were carried out. The result shows that the fishing grounds are distributed in the 12°S-14°S and 172°E-175°E, and the suitable SST ranged from 29 to 30℃ during January to April. During May to June, the fishing grounds are located in the waters of 10°S-15°S and 174°E-175°E, and the suitable SST is 28-29 ℃. In July the production was highest in the whole year, the fishing grounds are distributed in the areas of 10°S-15°S, 170°E-175°E and 23°S-24°S, 175°E-177°E, its suitable SST are 27-29 ℃and 23-24 ℃ respectively. During August to September, the monthly fishing grounds are distributed in the areas of 24°S-26°S and 174°E-176°E, 13°S-16°S and 173°E175°E respectively, the monthly suitable SSTs are 21-23 ℃ and 27-28 ℃ respcetively. In October the fishing ground is distributed in the waters of 12°S-17°S, 173°E-176°E and 14°S -15° S, 159°E-161°E, and its suitable SST is 27-29 ℃. During November to December, the monthly fishing grounds are located in the areas of 16°S-19°S and 171°E-174°E, 19°S-22°S and 173°E-175°E, their monthly suitable SSTs are 28-29 ℃. The K-S test indicated that the formation of fishing grounds is closely related with SST.%海表温(SST)是影响渔场的重要环境因子.根据2008年我国冰鲜金枪鱼延绳钓船在瓦努阿图周边海域的生产统计数据,结合卫星遥感获得的SST资料,分析了长鳍金枪鱼各月渔场时空分布及其与SST的关系.K-S检验表明,长鳍金枪鱼渔场形成与SST关系密切.

  1. Dual enzymatic hydrolysis of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) and dynamic changes of the products during hydrolysis%鲣鱼双酶酶解工艺优化及其产物动态变化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周绪霞; 高莹; 顾利伟; 赵丹丹; 丁玉庭

    2015-01-01

    以鲣鱼为对象,优化了胰蛋白酶(trypsin)与木瓜蛋白酶(papain)复合酶解鱼肉蛋白的条件,研究了酶解过程中酶解液中游离氨基酸组成和含量、肽分子质量分布以及呈味核苷酸二钠含量的动态变化规律.结果表明:木瓜蛋白酶和胰蛋白酶双酶酶解鲣鱼最优条件为:最适比例1:3,总酶添加量3 000 U/g,底物浓度为25%.酶解过程中,酶解液中游离氨基酸总量不断增加,酶解6h后,呈苦味氨基酸含量有所减少,而呈鲜味氨基酸大幅增加;对氨基酸呈味强度值(taste activity value,TAV)的分析表明,Glu、Met、Ile和His等几种氨基酸对酶解液的呈味特性起了关键作用.随着酶解时间的增加,大分子质量蛋白和肽类组分逐渐减少而小分子质量肽类组分逐渐增多,酶解6h后分子质量小于0.5 ku的组分含量达到80.17%.呈味核苷酸二钠含量随酶解时间缓慢增加.%Conditions of dual enzymatic hydrolysis of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) by trypsin and papain were investigated, and dynamic changes in free amino acids composition and content, peptide molecular weight distribution, IMP and GMP contents during the hydrolysis were studied.The results showed that the optimal conditions for skipjack tuna hydrolysis were as follows : enzyme-to-substrate ratio of 3 000 U/g, papain to trypsin ratio of 1 : 3, substrate concentration of 25%.Under these conditions, the total free amino acids content of the hydrolysate kept increasing during the fermentation.The content of free amino acid with bitter taste decreased obviously while that of free amino acids with umami taste had a sharp increase after 6 h of hydrolysis.According to TAV analysis, Glu, Met, Ile and His played important roles in the contribution of hydrolysate flavor.Distribution of small molecular weight peptides in the hydrolysate increased gradually during the hydrolysis, and 80.17% of them were below 0.5 ku after 6 h of hydrolysis.The contents of IMP

  2. Los tumores de la mama: hallazgos ecográficos más frecuentes en el policlínico “Gustavo Aldereguía Lima”, Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yecenia Velasco Diéguez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal de pacientes femeninas que presentaron ecografía de mamas con resultado patológico, en el policlínico “Gustavo Aldereguía Lima” de la ciudad de Las Tunas, en el período comprendido de enero a diciembre de 2011. El universo de estudio estuvo conformado por 277 mujeres, a las que se les realizó algún ultrasonido de las mamas, quedando constituida la muestra por 95 pacientes, que presentaron imágenes ultrasonográficas de aspecto sólido. La información se obtuvo de la revisión del libro de registros de resultados de ultrasonidos, los informes correspondientes y de las historias clínicas de salud individual. Para procesarla se utilizó la estadística descriptiva. Las lesiones benignas se comportaron en su mayoría con baja ecogenicidad, homogéneas y de contornos regulares; las malignas, como imágenes complejas de contornos irregulares. Las histologías más diagnosticadas fueron los tumores benignos y dentro de ellos los fibroadenomas. Se recomendó continuar utilizando la ecografía de las mamas como método efectivo para el estudio de las lesiones tumorales de esta glándula y como complemento de gran valor para diagnosticar precozmente las lesiones malignas de este órgano.

  3. Effects of spatiotemporal and environmental factors on the fishing ground of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean based on generalized additive model%基于GAM模型研究时空及环境因子对中西太平洋鲣鱼渔场的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐浩; 许柳雄; 陈新军; 朱国平; 周成; 王学昉

    2013-01-01

    基于2000~ 2007年中西太平洋金枪鱼围网生产统计数据及遥感手段获取的海表温度、海面高度、叶绿素浓度等环境数据,利用广义可加模型(GAM)分析了中西太平洋鲣鱼渔场分布及其与时空和环境因子的关系.结果表明:GAM模型对单位捕捞努力量渔获量(CPUE)总偏差解释率为64.40%,其中贡献最大的为经度,贡献率为46.27%.鲣鱼的CPU呈逐年递增状态;作业渔场全年均有分布,但季节性差异并不明显,其中4月为作业集中月份;鲣鱼作业渔场主要分布在10°S~10°N,140°~ 175°E范围内;适宜海表温度为28~ 30℃;适宜的海表面高度为70~100 cm;适宜的叶绿素浓度为0.01~0.20mg/m3.影响渔场的因子按重要性从大到小依次为:经度,纬度,年份,海面高度,海表温度,叶绿素浓度和月份.%Based on the catch data of purse-seine fishery of WCPO from 2000 to 2007 and the environmental data,including sea surface temperature (SST),sea surface height (SSH),chlorophyll a concentration (Chl a) derived from remote sensing,this present study analyzed the fishing ground distribution of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) and its relationships with the spatiotemporal and environmental factors in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) using generalized additive model (GAM).The results show that the rate of deviance explained about CPUE (catch per unit effort) is 64.40%,the factor that provides the largest contribution is longitude and the contribution rate is 46.27%.The CPUE of skipjack tuna is increasing with year.The fishing grounds of skipjack tuna are distributed throughout the year,but the seasonal difference is not significant,the fishing operation is concentrated in April.The fishing ground of skipjack tuna in the WCPO was mainly located in the waters of 10°S ~ 10°N and 140°E ~ 175°E.The suitable SST ranged from 28 ℃ to 30 ℃.The suitable SSH ranged from 70 to 100 cm.The appropriate Chl a range is 0

  4. 金枪鱼肉中组胺菌的分离及其理化性质分析%Isolation of Histamine Forming Bacteria from Tuna Fish and the Analysis of the Physiological and Biochemical Characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶志华; 佐藤实

    2009-01-01

    目的:对金枪鱼肉中的组胺生成菌进行生化实验和功能酶检测,进而对鱼肉中组胺菌的存在提供可参考数据.方法:利用组氨酸肉汤培养液,对金枪鱼肉中的组胺生成菌进行筛选,然后通过生物化学实验和形态学实验,进而对组胺生成菌进行分析.结果:分离得到2株组胺菌,菌种Ⅰ在5~C~30℃的培养温度范围内,随温度升高,组胺生成量逐渐增加,在30℃有最高组胺生成量,约2 700ppm.菌种Ⅱ在25℃有组胺最高生成量约为2 400ppm.结论:依据两种组胺菌的特征和生理生化特征,分离菌可能分别属于弧菌属、埃希氏菌属.%Objective: Detecting the enzymes and the physiological and biochemical experiments of the isolates to ensure histamine forming bacteria from tuna fish.Method: Using histidine broth media,histamine forming bacteria were screened.Then histamine forming bacteria were analyzed through the biochemistry experiment and the morphology experiment.Result: Two histamine forming bacteria were isolated.Histamine increases gradually with temperature increase in the sample inoculated with strainⅠwhich stored at 5℃ to 30℃,it was detected at the most level of about 2700ppm in the sample inoculated with strainⅠwhich stored at 30℃.And Histamine was detected at the most level of about 2400ppm in the sample with strainⅡwhich stored at 25℃.Conclusion: Based on the biochemistry experiment and the morphology properties,the two histamine forming bacteria were likely to belong to Vibrio and Enterobacteriaceae.So,some important data would be referred to ensure histamine forming bacteria.

  5. A numerical model for predicting the fishing operation status of tuna longlines%金枪鱼延绳钓捕捞作业状态的数值模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万荣; 崔江浩; 宋协法; 唐衍力; 赵芬芳; 黄六一

    2005-01-01

    一种基于有限元原理的非线性混合法被用于预测捕捞作业中的金枪鱼延绳钓的形状与张力,为渔具设计提供理论方法,并以期在设计阶段能替代传统的水槽模型试验,为实际渔业生产作业调整提供有益的技术参数.构成延绳钓渔具的绳索可以被一系列绝对柔软的被称为绳索要素的单元所模拟,因此,整个延绳钓渔具可以被看作为一系列绳索要素在其两端点通过无摩擦铰接连接而成的集合体.根据最小位能原理,可以导出描述系统平衡状态的非线性基本平衡方程式.利用Newton-Raphson方法,通过一系列的负荷-形状迭代法求解基本平衡方程式,可以获得海流作用下延绳钓渔具作业时的形状和张力分布的数值解.简化模型的回流水槽试验验证表明,本方法具有较好的计算精度和解的收束性与稳定性.%In this paper, ropes are modeled as an infinitely flexible, straight rope element, and then the whole longline is able to be regarded as an assembling of the rope elements connecting each other at their ends by a frictionless hinge. A group of nonlinear basic simultaneous equations describing the equilibrium state of longlines are deduced, based on a finite element formulation. NewtonRaphson method is employed to get the numerical solution due to the non-linearity. Further, the loading and shape iterative procedure are used to model the coupling relationship between the longline shape and hydrodynamic forces. The results suggested that this method has excellent global convergence and good accuracy for predicting the tension and shape of tuna longlines during fishing operation.

  6. The anti-obesity effects of a tuna peptide on 3T3-L1 adipocytes are mediated by the inhibition of the expression of lipogenic and adipogenic genes and by the activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway

    Science.gov (United States)

    KIM, YOUNG-MIN; KIM, IN-HYE; CHOI, JEONG-WOOK; LEE, MIN-KYEONG; NAM, TAEK-JEONG

    2015-01-01

    The differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells into adipocytes involves the activation of an organized system of obesity-related genes, of which those encoding CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) and the Wnt-10b protein may play integral roles. In a previous study of ours, we found that a specific peptide found in tuna (sequence D-I-V-D-K-I-E-I; termed TP-D) inhibited 3T3-L1 cell differentiation. In the present study, we observed that the expression of expression of C/EBPs and Wnt-10b was associated with obesity. The initial step of 3T3-L1 cell differentiation involved the upregulation of C/EBP-α expression, which in turn activated various subfactors. An upstream effector of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) inhibited Wnt-10b expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In a previous study of ours, we sequenced the tuna peptide via sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF MS/MS) and confirmed the anti-obesity effects thereof in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In the present study, we demonstrate that TP-D inhibits C/EBP and promotes Wnt-10b mRNA expression, thus activating the Wnt pathway. The inhibition of lipid accumulation was measured using a glucose and triglyceride (TG) assay. Our results confirmed that TP-D altered the expression levels of C/EBP-related genes in a dose-dependent manner and activated the Wnt signaling pathway. In addition, we confirmed that total adiponectin and high-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin levels were reduced by treatment with TP-D. These data indicate that TP-D inhibits adipocyte differentiation through the inhibition of C/EBP genes and the subsequent activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. PMID:26046125

  7. The anti-obesity effects of a tuna peptide on 3T3-L1 adipocytes are mediated by the inhibition of the expression of lipogenic and adipogenic genes and by the activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young-Min; Kim, In-Hye; Choi, Jeong-Wook; Lee, Min-Kyeong; Nam, Taek-Jeong

    2015-08-01

    The differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells into adipocytes involves the activation of an organized system of obesity-related genes, of which those encoding CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) and the Wnt-10b protein may play integral roles. In a previous study of ours, we found that a specific peptide found in tuna (sequence D-I-V-D-K-I-E-I; termed TP-D) inhibited 3T3-L1 cell differentiation. In the present study, we observed that the expression of expression of C/EBPs and Wnt-10b was associated with obesity. The initial step of 3T3-L1 cell differentiation involved the upregulation of C/EBP-α expression, which in turn activated various subfactors. An upstream effector of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) inhibited Wnt-10b expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In a previous study of ours, we sequenced the tuna peptide via sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF MS/MS) and confirmed the anti-obesity effects thereof in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In the present study, we demonstrate that TP-D inhibits C/EBP and promotes Wnt-10b mRNA expression, thus activating the Wnt pathway. The inhibition of lipid accumulation was measured using a glucose and triglyceride (TG) assay. Our results confirmed that TP-D altered the expression levels of C/EBP-related genes in a dose-dependent manner and activated the Wnt signaling pathway. In addition, we confirmed that total adiponectin and high-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin levels were reduced by treatment with TP-D. These data indicate that TP-D inhibits adipocyte differentiation through the inhibition of C/EBP genes and the subsequent activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

  8. 北部湾鲔(Euthynnus affinis)的摄食习性及其随生长发育的变化%Feeding Habits and Ontogenetic Diet Shifts of Mackerel Tuna (Euthynnus affinis) in the Beibu Gulf, South China Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宿鑫; 李永东; 何雄波; 卢伙胜; 颜云榕

    2015-01-01

    To study the mackerel tuna (Euthynnus affinis) feeding habits and its ontogenetic diet shifts, 435 mackerel tuna were collected for an annual research from September 2008 to September 2009 in the main fishing ports such as Beihai, Basuo, Sanya and Jianghong of the Beibu Gulf, South China Sea. Results showed that the mackerel tuna of the Beibu Gulf was omnivorous and it predated not only the small pelagic fish but also the benthic fish, crustaceans and cephalopods. Pisces were dominant in the diets with the percentage of Index of Relative Importance (IRI%) of 98.57%. Among these, 21 species were identified. As indicated with IRI%, Bregmaceros rarisquamosus (45.50%), Stolephorus zollingeri (11.81%), Theyssa setirostris (5.89%), and Sardinella aurita (5.87%) were principal in the food cons-ituent. The main species changed monthly and it was Sardinella aurita in January; Bregmaceros rarisquamosus in February, March, November, December; Unidentified Pisces from April to July;Sardinella aurita in August; Leignathus riviulatus in September; Stolephorus zollingeri in October. The prey weight and numbers increased when body size of mackerel tuna was less than 340 mm (SL<340 mm), but there were decreased when body size of mackerel tuna was from 341 to 520 (341-520 mm). The spawning periods of the mackerel tuna were spring and summer, mainly from April to August. There were two spawn peaks, June and August, which were recognized by the female gonad somatic index (GSI) that maintained strong feeding intensity during the reproduction periods. Moreover, the peak periods were consistent with the water temperature of pelagic layers provided by France CATSAT fisheries remote sensing system.%基于2008年9月-2009年9月在北部湾逐月采集的435尾鲔(Euthynnus affinis)生物学数据,对鲔生长、摄食习性及其随生长发育的变化进行了分析。结果显示,北部湾鲔属于广食性鱼类,主要摄食中上层小型鱼类,另外还包括底栖鱼类、

  9. Caracterización y evolución metamórfica de las rocas ultramáficas de la faja del río de las Tunas, Cordillera Frontal de Mendoza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Florencia Gargiulo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el estudio petro-mineralógico y químico de metaperidotitas y serpentinitas de la faja máfica-ultramáfica del río de Las Tunas, Cordillera Frontal de Mendoza. Las metaperidotitas preservan relictos de Ol, Cpx, Spls.l. (castaño-rojizo y escaso Opx con diferentes proporciones modales, que permiten inferir protolitos de dunitas, dunitas espinélicas, dunitas clinopiroxénicas, wehrlitas, clinopiroxenitas olivínicas y clinopiroxenitas. La secuencia de cristalización observada en los minerales de reemplazo de las fases primarias: Srp+Mgt(±Brc±Chl→àTr±Tlc→�}Ath→à±Spls.s./Ple(verde±Opx, evidencia el proceso de serpentinización inicial seguido de aumento del grado metamórfico hasta alcanzar condiciones equivalentes a la transición entre la facies de anfibolita de alto grado y la facies de granulita. Un segundo evento de serpentinización manifestado por texturas pseudomórficas según Amp y Chl y texturas no pseudomórficas y de recristalización, junto con las secuencias a FeChr→àCrMgtà→Mgt y b Spls.s./Ple(verdeà→Mgt, indican condiciones posteriores de bajo grado vinculadas a la etapa retrógrada del ciclo de metamorfismo regional. Durante esta etapa también se desarrollan zonas de reacción entre los cuerpos ultramáficos y su roca de caja, como consecuencia de un proceso metasomático entre las litologías en contacto. De manera relativamente simultánea, se genera también la carbonatización penetrativa de cuerpos ultramáficos cercanos a los niveles carbonáticos del Complejo Guarguaráz. Durante el estadío final del ciclo metamórfico, se emplazan cuerpos ígneos gondwánicos en el área de estudio, que aportan las condiciones físico-químicas que favorecen la movilización de elementos y la concentración de minerales, además de potenciar el desarrollo de los procesos metasomáticos. Un nuevo evento de serpentinización restringido en zonas de cizalla, concentra la alteración extrema y

  10. CO2超临界萃取技术对金枪鱼油挥发性成分的分析%The Analysis of the Effect of Supercritical CO2 Extraction Technology on Volatile Component of Tuna Oils

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚男; 季晓敏; 黄健; 王求娟; 陈义芳; 夏静波; 苏秀榕

    2015-01-01

    Based on the existing evaluation indexes of oil oxidation degree,supercritical CO2 extraction technol-ogy was used to refine crude fish oil.Electronic nose and headspace -solid phase micro -extraction (HS -SPME) coupled with gas chromatography -mass spectrometry (GC -MS)were used to analyze the volatiles of tuna fish oil which was extracted differently.The results showed that the AV and POV of the products of fish oil met the require-ments of industry standard,and the AV was the lowest by 32 ℃,20 MPa ,the POV was the lowest by 32 ℃,30 MPa and 40 ℃,20 MPa,and electronic nose can be sensitive to detect the volatiles change of fish oil.The volatiles of crude fish oil which were tested by 32 ℃,20 MPa、32 ℃,30 MPa and 40 ℃,20 MPa were significantly different by PCA and LDA methods.There were 46,19,12,and 23 kinds of volatile compounds including acids,aldehydes,ke-tones,and hydrocarbons,alcohols,esters,as well as a number of heterocyclic compounds,amines.The odor which may affect fish oil including aldehydes,ketones,amines,etc,were removed up to 100% by using supercritical CO2 extraction technology,besides,the acids were removed efficiently.%采用超临界 CO2萃取技术精制金枪鱼粗鱼油,依据现有对油脂氧化程度的评价指标:过氧化值(POV)和酸值(AV),运用电子鼻和顶空固相微萃取-气质联用法对不同萃取条件下的鱼油进行分析。结果表明,超临界 CO2精制的鱼油酸值和过氧化值符合水产行业标准对精制鱼油的要求,32℃,20 MPa 酸值最小,30 MPa 过氧化值最小。电子鼻能够快速、灵敏的检测到鱼油中挥发性物质的变化,通过 PCA 和 LDA 方法分析原鱼油、32℃,20 MPa、32℃,30 MPa 和40℃,20 MPa 条件精制的鱼油挥发性物质明显不同,利用 GC -MS分别检测出46、19、12和23种挥发性物质,包括酸类、醛类、烃类、酮类、醇类、酯类,还有少量杂环化合物、胺类等。超临界 CO2

  11. Eficiencia operacional del virador de palangre de una embarcación atunera artesanal prototipo de Isla Margarita, Venezuela Operational efficiency of the longline hauler on a prototype artisanal tuna fishing vessel from Margarita Island, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Trujillo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La eficiencia operacional del mecanismo de virado del palangre de una embarcación atunera artesanal de Isla Margarita, Venezuela, se determinó mediante la velocidad media de calado, velocidad media de virado, tensión de entrada del virador (T0 y su fuerza de tracción (P. Se encontró una relación directa entre la fuerza de gravedad media (q med de la sección de palangre y la tensión de entrada del virador (T0. Considerando una fuerza (Pme d en la entrada del virador (Sj, la tensión en (S3 disminuye debido a la polea de presión que ejerce una fuerza H = 23,7 N, obteniendo una fuerza S4 = 0. La velocidad media de calado del palangre fue de 208 m min-1 (~ 333 anzuelos/hora y la velocidad media de virado de 121 m min-1 (~ 160 anzuelos/hora; mientras que la tensión de entrada del virador (T0 fue de 1.013 N. Por lo tanto, la nueva fuerza de tracción (P fluctuó entre 1.317 y 1.418 N. De acuerdo al torque en las poleas del mecanismo virador, la velocidad media de virado (v med y las relaciones de transmisión (k1= k2, se estimó que para el izado del palangre se requiere una potencia media (Nmed de 5,3 hp (~ 3,95 kW, resultando eficiencia de virado por sección (Tp de 135,4 s.The operational efficiency of the long line hauler on an artisanal tuna fishing vessel from Margarita Island, Venezuela, was determined using the average setting velocity, average hauling velocity, hauler input tension (T0 and traction strength (P. A direct relationship was found between the average gravity (q med on the long-line section and the hauler input tension (T0. Considering a strength (Pme d at the input of the long line hauler (Sj, the roller tension (S3 decreases due to the force of H = 23.7 N exerted by the pressure roller, resulting in a strength of S4 = 0. The long-line average setting velocity was 208 m min-1 (~ 333 hooks/hour and its hauling velocity was 121 m min-1 (~ 160 hooks/hour, whereas hauler input tension (T0 was 1013 N. Therefore, the new

  12. 印度洋黄鳍金枪鱼渔业资源开发策略评价%Exploitation Strategy Evaluation for Yollowfin Tuna in the Indian Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯波; 陈新军; 许柳雄

    2009-01-01

    运用单位补充量模型和Schaefer剩余产量模型,对印度洋黄鳍金抢鱼渔业的开发策略进行了评价.单位补充量模型指示的生物学参考点F_(max)、F_(0.1)、F_(20%SPR)、F_(40%SPR)分别为0.76、0.44、0.56、0.32,相应的产量控制参考值分别为36.7万t、34.6万t、36.1万t和34.2万t.随着捕捞死亡系数增加,未来10 a的相对渔获量将逐渐增加,但相对剩余亲体量却逐渐下降.捕捞死亡系数控制在0.3以内,未来10 a内相对剩余亲体量下降20%以下的概率将低于10%;捕捞死亡系数在0.6以上时,发生该事件的概率达到90%以上.当总许可捕捞产量分别为30万t、35万t、40万t和45万l时,未来10 a内的黄鳍金枪鱼资源量将分别呈增长、稳定、缓慢下降和快速下降趋势.从模拟的结果来看,应把捕捞死亡系数降低到0.5以下、总产量控制在35万t以内,才能保证渔业产量的长期稳定.%Exploitation strategy of yeUowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean was evaluated using per recruit model and Schaefer production model F_(max)、F_(0.1)、F_(20%SPR)、F_(40%SPR), inferred from per recruit model was 0.76,0.44,0.56,0.32 and the corresponding referrence calch was 367, 346,361,342 thousand tons.The relative catch will increase with fishing mortality in the next ten years, but vice versa with relative residual spawner biomass.The probablity of relative residual spawner biomss below 20% will be lower than 10% if The fishing mortality is controled within 0.3, but greater than 90% if the fishing mortality is greater than 0.6.Trie biomass will show increscent,stable, slowly descendent,and quickly descendent trend in the next ten year when total allowable catch is set at 300,350,400,and 450 thousand tons. It is suggested that the production would be stable if fishing mortality was controlled below 0.5 and total catch was limited within 350 thousand tons.

  13. 21 CFR 161.190 - Canned tuna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... specified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section, the following method shall be used: Recombine the separations... methods prescribed in paragraph (c)(2) of this section. (i) Solid or solid pack consists of loins freed... weight of the finished food. A substance used in accordance with this paragraph is deemed to be...

  14. Tuna & täna / Mati Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Mati, 1944-2015

    2006-01-01

    9. märtsil 1842 Milano La Scala teatris esietendunud Giuseppe Verdi ooperi "Nabucco" III vaatuses kõlanud "Orjade koor" sõnad põhinevad Piibli Lauluraamatu 137. laulul, mida on viisistanud paljud heliloojad. 12. märtsil 1946 sündis USA näitleja ja laulja Liza Minelli

  15. Tuna & täna / Mati Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Mati, 1944-2015

    2007-01-01

    1981 esietendus Londonis New Londoni teatris Andrew Lloyd Webberi muusikal "Kassid" Viimane, 8950. etendus oli 11. mail 2002, lavastuse 21. sünnipäeval. Kokku nägi seda lavastust 8 miljonit inimest

  16. Effect of the leadline weight and net setting speed on sinking speed of the tuna purse seine%下纲重量和放网速度对金枪鱼围网下纲沉降速度的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许柳雄; 兰光查; 叶旭昌; 王敏法

    2011-01-01

    The sinking performance which is directly related to the fishing efficiency is the most important performance of the purse seine. Study on the effect of different factors on sinking performance of the tuna purse seine by model test has important significance of improving the sinking performance of purse seine. Based on the tuna purse seine model test at Qiandao Lake (Thousands Island Lake), Zhejiang Province between October 24 and 26,2009, study was conducted on the effect of leadline weight and setting speed on sinking speed of the tuna purse seine lead line by GLM model. The results showed that: (1) The lead line weight and the net setting speed had significant effect on sinking speed of lead line (P 0. 05). (2) The sinking speed of the middle and aft parts was significantly higher at 0.795 kg/m of the leadline weight than at other level of leadline weights used. The relationship between the sinking speed of the middle part of the lead and weight of the leadline can be described as the function: V = 0. 114 6w+ 0. 103 2 (R2 = 0. 871). (3) The sinking speed of lead line increased with the setting speed. The sinking speed of the forepart and aft-part was significantly higher at 1.05 m/s of the net setting speed than at other levels of net setting speed used. The relationship between the sinking speed of the middle part of the leadline and the net setting speed in pool way can be described as the following function: V =0. 072 6s +0.113 8(R2 =0.983).%作为围网网具主要性能,沉降性能直接关系到围网作业的捕捞效率,通过模型试验研究不同因素对金枪鱼围网沉降性能的影响,对改进金枪鱼围网沉降性能具有重要意义.本文通过2009年10月24-26日在千岛湖进行的金枪鱼围网模型试验,采用一般线性模型(GLM)分析下纲重量和放网速度对围网下纲沉降速度的影响.结果表明:(1)下纲重量和放网速度对下纲各部分沉降速度均有显著影响(P<0.05),但两

  17. 78 FR 65887 - International Fisheries; Pacific Tuna Fisheries; 2013 Bigeye Tuna Longline Fishery Closure in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... FR 68332, November 4, 2011, and codified at 50 CFR 300.25). NMFS monitored the retained catches of... limit (76 FR 68332, November 4, 2011). For the same reasons, there is good cause to establish an... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 300 RIN 0648-XC922 International...

  18. Monogenea of Chinese Marine Fishes XXII.A New Chinese Record Genus and Species Nasicola klawei ( Stunkard, 1962) Yamaguti, 1968 (Capsalidae)%中国海洋鱼类单殖吸虫研究XXⅡ.分室科一新记录属

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨长平; 胡盼; 丁雪娟

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports a capsalid species of monogenean in China. Nasicola klawei (Stunkard, 1962) Yamaguti, 1968 (Monogenea: Capsalidae) was found in the nasal capsule of longtail tuna, Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker, 1851) , from Shanwei city, Guangdong Province. The specimens are basically consistent with the original description of Stunkard (1962) and the redescription of Yamaguti (1968) and Kohn et al. (2004) except for some differences in the structure of uterus, number of testes and the length of marginal hooks. This is the first time the genus Nasicola and species N. klawei are recorded in China, and the fish Thunnus tonggol is a new host. The specimens are deposited in the Lab of Fish Parasitology, College of life Science, South China Normal University.%记述采自广东汕尾青干金枪鱼Thunnus tonggol鼻腔中的1种单殖吸虫——卡氏嗜鼻虫Nasicola klawei(Stunkard,1962)Yamaguti,1968.所获标本的形态结构及大小与原始描述及Yamaguti( 1968)、Kohn等(2004)的描述基本一致,但在子宫结构、睾丸数目及后吸器边缘小钩的长度上略有差别.嗜鼻虫属及卡氏嗜鼻虫均为我国新记录,青干金枪鱼为宿主新记录.

  19. Age and growth changes and population dynamics of the black pomfret (Parastromateus niger and the frigate tuna (Auxis thazard thazard, in the Taiwan Strait Cambios en la edad y el crecimiento y dinámica poblacional de la palometa negra (Parastromateus niger y del atún fragata (Auxis thazard thazard, en el estrecho de Taiwán

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Tao

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The age and growth and population dynamics of the black pomfret, Parastromateus niger and the frigate tuna, Auxis thazard thazard were studied from specimens collected monthly in the Taiwan Strait from April 2005 to March 2006. With five age groups of each, the dominant black pomfret was one year, while frigate tuna was two years. The total mortality coefficient (Z and the fishing mortality (F of the black pomfret were at high levels, the exploitation ratio (E was over 0.5, and the number of captured juvenile fishes showed that the stock of black pomfret in this area was overexploited and improper fishing gear was utilized. Compared with previous studies, the maximum and mean fork length, body weight and age of the two fishes declined gradually, the populations were younger in age and smaller in size. The growth coefficient k increased and age at the inflexion point of weight t r was younger than before. The smaller change of the fork length at first maturity of the two fishes has indicated a more vulnerable fishery ecosystem in this area. Therefore, in addition to the traditional fishery management approach, such as taking the minimum length into consideration, ecosystem approach to fisheries management (EAF should be taken to improve the practical fishing management, including conserving the small pelagic fishery population in order to achieve the sustainable fishing of the stocks.La edad y crecimiento de la palometa negra, Parastromateus niger y del atún fragata o melva, Auxis thazard thazard se estudiaron a partir de especímenes capturados mensualmente en el estrecho de Taiwan, entre abril 2005 y marzo 2006. Se determinaron cinco grupos de edad, siendo dominante en la palometa negra los ejemplares de un ano, mientras que en el atún fragata los de dos anos. El coeficiente de mortalidad total (Z y la mortalidad por pesca (F de la palometa negra se encontraron en niveles altos. La tasa de explotación E resultó sobre 0,5 y el número de

  20. DISEÑO DEL SISTEMA DE GESTIÓN DE COMUNICACIÓN ORGANIZACIONAL DE LA FILIAL DE LA ASOCIACIÓN HERMANOS SAÍZ Y SU SEDE SOCIAL: LA CASA DEL JOVEN CREADOR EN LA PROVINCIA DE LAS TUNAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petia Cubas Zámara

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La tesis “Diseño del Sistema de gestión de comunicación organizacional de la Filial de la Asociación Hermanos Saíz (A.H.S. y su sede la Casa del Joven Creador (C.J.C. en la provincia de Las Tunas”, cuyo objetivo general es diseñar el sistema de gestión de comunicación organizacional de esta asociación y su sede social para contribuir con ello a fortalecer su imagen en los públicos con que interactúan, presenta metodológicamente un enfoque dialéctico materialista y se acoge al paradigma interpretativo. Entre las técnicas empleadas se destacan la observación participante, encuestas, entrevistas en profundidad, estudio de documentos. Se propone un sistema para gestionar y fortalecer este tipo de comunicación en la organización y su sede, el cual se expone en este artículo por ser el resultado más significativo de la presente investigación. ABSTRACT The diploma paper “Design of Organizational Communication from Asociación Hermanos Saiz (A.H.S. and its subsequent office la Casa del Joven Creador (C.J.C. in Las Tunas province” with the general objective of designing the system of searching an organization communication to contribute to strengthen its image in the public for whom they interact. Methodologically, the paper presents a dialectic-materialistic approach, it assumes the interpretative paradigm, among the techniques that were used the following ones can be mentioned; the participant observation, surveys, interviews and document studies. It is proposed a system to manage and strengthen this type of communication in the organization and its headquarters, which is exposed in this article as the most significant result of this research.

  1. Assessing niche width of endothermic fish from genes to ecosystem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madigan, Daniel J; Carlisle, Aaron B; Gardner, Luke D; Jayasundara, Nishad; Micheli, Fiorenza; Schaefer, Kurt M; Fuller, Daniel W; Block, Barbara A

    2015-07-01

    Endothermy in vertebrates has been postulated to confer physiological and ecological advantages. In endothermic fish, niche expansion into cooler waters is correlated with specific physiological traits and is hypothesized to lead to greater foraging success and increased fitness. Using the seasonal co-occurrence of three tuna species in the eastern Pacific Ocean as a model system, we used cardiac gene expression data (as a proxy for thermal tolerance to low temperatures), archival tag data, and diet analyses to examine the vertical niche expansion hypothesis for endothermy in situ. Yellowfin, albacore, and Pacific bluefin tuna (PBFT) in the California Current system used more surface, mesopelagic, and deep waters, respectively. Expression of cardiac genes for calcium cycling increased in PBFT and coincided with broader vertical and thermal niche utilization. However, the PBFT diet was less diverse and focused on energy-rich forage fishes but did not show the greatest energy gains. Ecosystem-based management strategies for tunas should thus consider species-specific differences in physiology and foraging specialization. PMID:26100889

  2. Application of mercury isotopes for tracing trophic transfer and internal distribution of mercury in marine fish feeding experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Sae Yun; Blum, Joel D; Chirby, Michelle A; Chesney, Edward J

    2013-10-01

    Feeding experiments were performed to investigate mercury (Hg) isotope fractionation during trophic transfer and internal distribution of total Hg (THg) in marine fish on exposure to natural seafood. Young-of-the-year amberjack (Seriola dumerili) were fed with either blackfin tuna (Thunnus atlanticus; 2647 ng/g THg) or brown shrimp (Farfantepenaeus aztecus; 25.1 ng/g THg) for 80 d or 50 d, respectively, and dissected for muscle, liver, kidney, brain, and blood. After 30 d of tuna consumption, Hg isotopes (δ(202) Hg and Δ(199)Hg) of the amberjack organs shifted to the tuna value (δ(202)Hg = 0.55‰, Δ(199)Hg = 1.54‰,), demonstrating the absence of Hg isotope fractionation. When amberjack were fed a shrimp diet, there was an initial mixing of the amberjack organs toward the shrimp value (δ(202)Hg = -0.48‰, Δ(199)Hg = 0.32‰), followed by a cessation of further shifts in Δ(199)Hg and a small shift in δ(202)Hg. The failure of Δ(199)Hg to reach the shrimp value can be attributed to a reduction in Hg bioaccumulation from shrimp resulting from feeding inhibition and the δ(202)Hg shift can be attributed to a small internal fractionation during excretion. Given that the feeding rate and Hg concentration of the diet can influence internal Hg isotope distribution, these parameters must be considered in biosentinel fish studies. PMID:23787815

  3. 热带大西洋金枪鱼延绳钓兼捕鲨鱼种类组成和渔获率及其与表温的关系%Species composition and catch rate of bycatch sharks captured by tuna longline fishery and their relationship with sea surface temperature in the tropical Atlantic Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜润林; 戴小杰; 许柳雄

    2009-01-01

    根据2007年12月~2008年3月采集的热带大西洋(05°37′~12°01′N、29°00′~36°51′W)金枪鱼延绳钓渔获物数据,分析了金枪鱼延绳钓兼捕鲨鱼的种类组成、渔获量、渔获率及其与表温的关系.本次调查共捕获鲨鱼8种,隶属3目7科7属, 总渔获尾数为633 ind,总渔获量达26 837.4 kg, 其中大青鲨为主要兼捕种类.各种鲨鱼渔获率平均值在0.003~1.524 ind/1 000 hooks之间, 其中大青鲨最高, 其值为1.524 ind/1 000 hooks,大眼砂锥齿鲨最低,其值为0.003 ind/1 000 hooks.各种鲨鱼渔获率月变化不明显(ANOVA, P=0.901).鲨鱼总渔获率和大青鲨渔获率与表温都呈显著性负相关.大青鲨主要出现渔场的表温范围为24.6~25.8 ℃.%Based on catch data collected in the tropical Atlantic Ocean (05°37′N-12°01′N, 29°00′W-36°51′W) from December 2007 to March 2008, the species composition, catch, catch rate of bycatch sharks captured by tuna longline fishery and their relationship with sea surface temperature (SST) are analyzed. Altogether 633 individuals of fish are captured, which belong to 3 orders, 7 families, 7 genera and 8 fish species. The total weight of bycatch sharks is 26837.4kg. And the dominant bycatch shark is blue shark ( Prionace glauca ). Average catch rate of bycatch sharks is 0.003-1.524 individual per 1 000 hooks, of which blue shark is the highest, 1.524 individual per 1 000 hooks, and bigeye sand shark( Odontaspis noronhai ) lowest, 0.003 individual per 1 000 hooks. Catch rate of bycatch sharks shows no obvious monthly fluctuation (ANOVA, P=0.901). An obvious negative correlation is found between SST and catch rate of total bycatch shark and blue shark. The range of SST in the dominant fishing ground where blue sharks appear is 24.6-25.8℃.

  4. Physical-chemical quality of fish used for making sushi and sashimi tuna and salmon marketed in Rio de Janeiro, BrazilQualidade físico-química do pescado utilizado na elaboração de sushis e sashimis de atum e salmão comercializados no município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna Leal Rodrigues

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the physical-chemical quality of fish used in a random sampling of 54 samples of sushi and sashimi tuna and salmon obtained in restaurants with the support of Sanitary Surveillance of the city of Rio de Janeiro from July to August 2011. The temperature were measured at the time of sampling. We carried out physical and chemical tests to determine pH, ammonia, H2S, total volatile bases (TVB, trimethylamine (TMA and histamine. All samples were exposed to inadequate temperature. Only one of the samples was found above the recommended pH value by law. Five were positive for ammonia and two positive results for H2S. The average results of TVB ranged between 9.43 and 12.37 mg N-BVT/100g and the amount of TMA ranged between 0.57 and 0.96 mg N-TMA/100g, being within the recommended standard. The histamine was found in five samples, ranging between 1 and 10 mg/100g. Considering the samples studied, seven (12,96% showed some abnormalities on the evaluated parameters. In conclusion, the consumption of sushi and sashimi can cause risk to consumer health. Therefore, we suggest that a continuous attention from the authorities should be held on this type of food due to their high perishability and risk to public health. O presente estudo objetivou determinar a qualidade físico-química do pescado utilizado em uma amostragem aleatória de 54 sushis e sashimis de atum e salmão obtidos em restaurantes com apoio da Vigilância Sanitária da cidade do Rio de Janeiro no período de julho a agosto de 2011. A temperatura foi mensurada no momento da coleta. Realizou-se provas físico-químicas de determinação de pH, amônia, H2S, bases voláteis totais (BVT, trimetilamina (TMA e histamina. Todas as amostras apresentavam-se expostas em temperatura inadequada. Apenas uma das amostras apresentou pH acima do limite preconizado pela legislação. Cinco apresentaram resultados positivos para amônia e duas resultados positivos para H2S. Os

  5. A new compilation of stomach content data for commercially important pelagic fish species in the northeast Atlantic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinnegar, J. K.; Goñi, N.; Trenkel, V. M.; Arrizabalaga, H.; Melle, W.; Keating, J.; Óskarsson, G.

    2015-02-01

    There is increasing demand for information on predator-prey interactions in the ocean as a result of legislative commitments aimed at achieving sustainable exploitation. However, comprehensive data sets are lacking for many fish species and this has hampered development of multispecies fisheries models and the formulation of effective food-web indicators. This work describes a new compilation of stomach content data for five pelagic fish species (herring, blue whiting, mackerel, albacore and bluefin tuna) sampled across the northeast Atlantic and submitted to the PANGAEA open-access data portal (www.pangaea.de). We provide detailed descriptions of sample origin and of the corresponding database structures. We describe the main results in terms of diet composition and predator-prey relationships. The feeding preferences of small pelagic fish (herring, blue whiting, mackerel) were sampled over a very broad geographic area within the North Atlantic basin, from Greenland in the west, to the Lofoten Islands in the east and from the Bay of Biscay northwards to the Arctic. This analysis revealed significant differences in the prey items selected in different parts of the region at different times of year. Tunas (albacore and bluefin) were sampled in the Bay of Biscay and Celtic Sea. Dominant prey items for these species varied by location, year and season. This data compilation exercise represents one of the largest and most wide-ranging ever attempted for pelagic fish in the North Atlantic. The earliest data included in the database were collected in 1864, whereas the most recent were collected in 2012. Data sets are available at doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.820041 and doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.826992.

  6. The migration game in habitat network: the case of tuna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mariani, Patrizio; Krivan, Vlastimil; MacKenzie, Brian;

    2016-01-01

    migration in direction of increasing fitness should lead to the ideal free distribution (IFD) which is the evolutionary stable strategy of the habitat selection game. We introduce a migration game which focuses on migrating dynamics leading to the IFD for age-structured populations and in time varying...

  7. EST projects in aquaculture: sea bass, red tuna and perch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Bernardini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The modern technologies used in aquaculture may improve fish production and quality and, at the same time, reduce environmental impact with benefits on the public perception of the industry. To be economically profitable, these modern technologies request an increase of rearing density that, however, could affect fish welfare (Vazzana et al., 2002. Therefore, beside the traditional markers, it may be important to look for alternative parameters such as molecular biomarkers (Gornati et al., 2004; Ryan and Hightower, 1996. In this view, genomic strategies are revolutionizing scientific research also in the understanding of fish physiology and gene evolution; this is also due to the relatively easiness to isolate novel and homologous genes using public databases (Parrington and Covard, 2002.

  8. Malignant cutaneous melanoma in patients from Las Tunas province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia María Yabor Palomo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: malignant melanoma is a highly aggressive skin neoplasia, whose incidence shows a constant and rapid increase.Objective: to characterize variables in patients diagnosed with cutaneous melanoma, whose biopsies were analyzed in the pathologic anatomy department of "Dr. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna" General Teaching Hospital from January, 2008 to December, 2014.Methods: a descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed in 31 patients treated in the place and period of time mentioned above. The official form of biopsy was used as a secondary source of collecting information and it was processed using descriptive statistics.Results: the 10,6 % of the biopsies analyzed corresponded with cutaneous melanoma, its frequency prevailed in 2011 and 2010, with a 25,8 % and 19,3 % respectively. It was evident a higher percentage in males (67,7 % and in the age group between 60 and 69 years old, with a 35,4 %. Caucasian patients were the most affected ones, with a 90,3 % and the predominant location was in the lower limbs in 45,1 % of the cases. The prevailing Clark invasion level was IV, evident by the 32,2 % of the sample, and the most frequent histological variety was the malignant nodular melanoma in 19 patients, for a 61,2 %.Conclusions: cutaneous melanoma prevailed in lower extremities in males and it had a belated diagnosis, since there was prevalence of IV Clark invasion level and nodular melanoma as the most frequent histological type.

  9. Governing large-scale social-ecological systems: Lessons from five cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forrest D Fleischman

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares lessons drawn from five case studies of large scale governance of common-pool resources: management of forests in Indonesia, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, the Rhine River in western Europe, the Ozone layer (i.e. the Montreal Protocol, and the Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (i.e. the International Convention on the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna. The goal is to assess the applicability of Ostrom’s design principles for sustainable resource governance to large scale systems, as well as to examine other important variables that may determine success in large scale systems. While we find support for some of Ostrom’s design principles (boundaries, monitoring, sanctions, fit to conditions, and conflict resolution mechanisms are all supported, other principles have only moderate to weak support. In particular, recognition of rights to organize and the accountability of monitors to resource users were not supported. We argue that these differences are the result of differences between small and large scale systems. At large scales, other kinds of political dynamics, including the role of scientists and civil society organizations, appear to play key roles. Other variables emphasized in common-pool resource studies, such as levels of dependence on resources, group size, heterogeneity, disturbances, and resource characteristics also receive mixed support, pointing to the need to reinterpret the meaning of common-pool resource theories in order for them to be applicable at larger scales.

  10. Shark predation on migrating adult American eels (Anguilla rostrata in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie Béguer-Pon

    Full Text Available In an attempt to document the migratory pathways and the environmental conditions encountered by American eels during their oceanic migration to the Sargasso Sea, we tagged eight silver eels with miniature satellite pop-up tags during their migration from the St. Lawrence River in Québec, Canada. Surprisingly, of the seven tags that successfully transmitted archived data, six were ingested by warm-gutted predators, as observed by a sudden increase in water temperature. Gut temperatures were in the range of 20 to 25°C-too cold for marine mammals but within the range of endothermic fish. In order to identify the eel predators, we compared their vertical migratory behavior with those of satellite-tagged porbeagle shark and bluefin tuna, the only endothermic fishes occurring non-marginally in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. We accurately distinguished between tuna and shark by using the behavioral criteria generated by comparing the diving behavior of these two species with those of our unknown predators. Depth profile characteristics of most eel predators more closely resembled those of sharks than those of tuna. During the first days following tagging, all eels remained in surface waters and did not exhibit diel vertical migrations. Three eels were eaten at this time. Two eels exhibited inverse diel vertical migrations (at surface during the day during several days prior to predation. Four eels were eaten during daytime, whereas the two night-predation events occurred at full moon. Although tagging itself may contribute to increasing the eel's susceptibility to predation, we discuss evidence suggesting that predation of silver-stage American eels by porbeagle sharks may represent a significant source of mortality inside the Gulf of St. Lawrence and raises the possibility that eels may represent a reliable, predictable food resource for porbeagle sharks.

  11. Shark predation on migrating adult American eels (Anguilla rostrata) in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Béguer-Pon, Mélanie; Benchetrit, José; Castonguay, Martin; Aarestrup, Kim; Campana, Steven E; Stokesbury, Michael J W; Dodson, Julian J

    2012-01-01

    In an attempt to document the migratory pathways and the environmental conditions encountered by American eels during their oceanic migration to the Sargasso Sea, we tagged eight silver eels with miniature satellite pop-up tags during their migration from the St. Lawrence River in Québec, Canada. Surprisingly, of the seven tags that successfully transmitted archived data, six were ingested by warm-gutted predators, as observed by a sudden increase in water temperature. Gut temperatures were in the range of 20 to 25°C-too cold for marine mammals but within the range of endothermic fish. In order to identify the eel predators, we compared their vertical migratory behavior with those of satellite-tagged porbeagle shark and bluefin tuna, the only endothermic fishes occurring non-marginally in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. We accurately distinguished between tuna and shark by using the behavioral criteria generated by comparing the diving behavior of these two species with those of our unknown predators. Depth profile characteristics of most eel predators more closely resembled those of sharks than those of tuna. During the first days following tagging, all eels remained in surface waters and did not exhibit diel vertical migrations. Three eels were eaten at this time. Two eels exhibited inverse diel vertical migrations (at surface during the day) during several days prior to predation. Four eels were eaten during daytime, whereas the two night-predation events occurred at full moon. Although tagging itself may contribute to increasing the eel's susceptibility to predation, we discuss evidence suggesting that predation of silver-stage American eels by porbeagle sharks may represent a significant source of mortality inside the Gulf of St. Lawrence and raises the possibility that eels may represent a reliable, predictable food resource for porbeagle sharks. PMID:23082131

  12. Deepwater Horizon crude oil impacts the developing hearts of large predatory pelagic fish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Incardona, John P; Gardner, Luke D; Linbo, Tiffany L; Brown, Tanya L; Esbaugh, Andrew J; Mager, Edward M; Stieglitz, John D; French, Barbara L; Labenia, Jana S; Laetz, Cathy A; Tagal, Mark; Sloan, Catherine A; Elizur, Abigail; Benetti, Daniel D; Grosell, Martin; Block, Barbara A; Scholz, Nathaniel L

    2014-04-15

    The Deepwater Horizon disaster released more than 636 million L of crude oil into the northern Gulf of Mexico. The spill oiled upper surface water spawning habitats for many commercially and ecologically important pelagic fish species. Consequently, the developing spawn (embryos and larvae) of tunas, swordfish, and other large predators were potentially exposed to crude oil-derived polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Fish embryos are generally very sensitive to PAH-induced cardiotoxicity, and adverse changes in heart physiology and morphology can cause both acute and delayed mortality. Cardiac function is particularly important for fast-swimming pelagic predators with high aerobic demand. Offspring for these species develop rapidly at relatively high temperatures, and their vulnerability to crude oil toxicity is unknown. We assessed the impacts of field-collected Deepwater Horizon (MC252) oil samples on embryos of three pelagic fish: bluefin tuna, yellowfin tuna, and an amberjack. We show that environmentally realistic exposures (1-15 µg/L total PAH) cause specific dose-dependent defects in cardiac function in all three species, with circulatory disruption culminating in pericardial edema and other secondary malformations. Each species displayed an irregular atrial arrhythmia following oil exposure, indicating a highly conserved response to oil toxicity. A considerable portion of Gulf water samples collected during the spill had PAH concentrations exceeding toxicity thresholds observed here, indicating the potential for losses of pelagic fish larvae. Vulnerability assessments in other ocean habitats, including the Arctic, should focus on the developing heart of resident fish species as an exceptionally sensitive and consistent indicator of crude oil impacts. PMID:24706825

  13. Levels of polonium-210 in highly consumed sea foods from a fish market of the city of Niteroi, RJ-Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marsico, Eliane T.; Sao Clemente, Sergio C. de [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Veterinaria. Dept. de Tecnologia de Alimentos; Kelecom, Alphonse; Gouvea, Rita de Cassia S. [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Biologia Geral. Lab. de Radiobiologia e Radiometria Pedro Lopes dos Santos - LARARA

    2007-07-01

    Polonium-210 ({sup 210}Po), a short-lived member from the uranium series, is broadly distributed in Nature being among all alpha-emitters the major contributor to the internal dose in man. Studies of diets have shown that marine foods are important sources of this radionuclide. The levels of {sup 210}Po have been determined in three highly consumed marine species, the fishes Sardinella brasiliensis (sardine) and Thunnus atlanticus (tuna), and the shrimp Litopenaeus brasiliensis, purchased from the Niteroi (RJ, Brazil) fish market, and caught along the coast of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Doses of {sup 210}Po were determined for the entire organisms and for some tissues and organs, such as eyes, heart, gills, muscle, stomach liver, intestine and pyloric caecal (fishes) or eyes, head content, exoskeleton, muscle, hepatopancreas and pleopods. {sup 210}Po is not uniformly distributed within these species, the highest levels being observed for sardine in the intestine (1634.6 mBq g-1), tuna in pyloric caecal (4656.1 mBq g-1) and shrimp in the hepatopancreas (1460.5 mBq g-1). The {sup 210}Po activities in sardine, tuna and shrimp, calculated on a mean whole-organism basis, were 64.6, 34.5 and 39.5 Bq kg-1 (dry weight) respectively, with corresponding concentration factors of 7.2 x104, 3.8 x104 and 4.4 x104. Considering body distribution, almost 60% of the total activity is concentrated in the pyloric caecal of both fishes and in the hepatopancreas of the shrimp. In turn, the edible parts concentrate much less activity. (author)

  14. Levels of polonium-210 in highly consumed sea foods from a fish market of the city of Niteroi, RJ-Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polonium-210 (210Po), a short-lived member from the uranium series, is broadly distributed in Nature being among all alpha-emitters the major contributor to the internal dose in man. Studies of diets have shown that marine foods are important sources of this radionuclide. The levels of 210Po have been determined in three highly consumed marine species, the fishes Sardinella brasiliensis (sardine) and Thunnus atlanticus (tuna), and the shrimp Litopenaeus brasiliensis, purchased from the Niteroi (RJ, Brazil) fish market, and caught along the coast of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Doses of 210Po were determined for the entire organisms and for some tissues and organs, such as eyes, heart, gills, muscle, stomach liver, intestine and pyloric caecal (fishes) or eyes, head content, exoskeleton, muscle, hepatopancreas and pleopods. 210Po is not uniformly distributed within these species, the highest levels being observed for sardine in the intestine (1634.6 mBq g-1), tuna in pyloric caecal (4656.1 mBq g-1) and shrimp in the hepatopancreas (1460.5 mBq g-1). The 210Po activities in sardine, tuna and shrimp, calculated on a mean whole-organism basis, were 64.6, 34.5 and 39.5 Bq kg-1 (dry weight) respectively, with corresponding concentration factors of 7.2 x104, 3.8 x104 and 4.4 x104. Considering body distribution, almost 60% of the total activity is concentrated in the pyloric caecal of both fishes and in the hepatopancreas of the shrimp. In turn, the edible parts concentrate much less activity. (author)

  15. Human exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury through fish and seafood product consumption in Italy: a pilot evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastorelli, A A; Baldini, M; Stacchini, P; Baldini, G; Morelli, S; Sagratella, E; Zaza, S; Ciardullo, S

    2012-01-01

    The presence of selected toxic heavy metals, such as cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg), was investigated in fish and seafood products, namely, blue mussel, carpet shell clam, European squid, veined squid, deep-water rose shrimp, red mullet, European seabass, gilthead seabream, Atlantic cod, European hake, Atlantic bluefin tuna and swordfish so as to assess their human exposure through diet. Metals were detected by quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (Q-ICP-MS) and hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (Hg-AAS). Measurements of Cd, Pb and Hg were performed by means of analytical methods validated in compliance with UNI CEI EN ISO/IEC 17025 [2005. General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories. Milano (Italy): UNI Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione]. The exposure assessment was undertaken matching the levels of Cd, Pb and total Hg with consumption data related to fish and seafood products selected for this purpose. In order to establish human health implications, the estimated weekly intakes (EWIs) for Cd, Pb and Hg were compared with the standard tolerable weekly intakes (TWI) for Cd and provisional tolerable weekly intakes (PTWIs) for Pb and Hg stipulated by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). The found metal concentrations were largely below the maximum levels (MLs) established at the European Union level with the exception of Cd. This metal exceeded the MLs in squid, red mullet, European hake and Atlantic cod. Squid and blue mussel showed the highest Pb concentrations which accounted for 60% and 10% of the MLs, respectively. Highest Hg levels were found in predatory fish. The concentrations of Hg in swordfish, Atlantic bluefin tuna and red mullet accounted for 50%, 30% and 30% of the MLs, respectively. The EWIs for Cd, Pb and Hg related to the consumption

  16. Human exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury through fish and seafood product consumption in Italy: a pilot evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastorelli, A A; Baldini, M; Stacchini, P; Baldini, G; Morelli, S; Sagratella, E; Zaza, S; Ciardullo, S

    2012-01-01

    The presence of selected toxic heavy metals, such as cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg), was investigated in fish and seafood products, namely, blue mussel, carpet shell clam, European squid, veined squid, deep-water rose shrimp, red mullet, European seabass, gilthead seabream, Atlantic cod, European hake, Atlantic bluefin tuna and swordfish so as to assess their human exposure through diet. Metals were detected by quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (Q-ICP-MS) and hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (Hg-AAS). Measurements of Cd, Pb and Hg were performed by means of analytical methods validated in compliance with UNI CEI EN ISO/IEC 17025 [2005. General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories. Milano (Italy): UNI Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione]. The exposure assessment was undertaken matching the levels of Cd, Pb and total Hg with consumption data related to fish and seafood products selected for this purpose. In order to establish human health implications, the estimated weekly intakes (EWIs) for Cd, Pb and Hg were compared with the standard tolerable weekly intakes (TWI) for Cd and provisional tolerable weekly intakes (PTWIs) for Pb and Hg stipulated by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). The found metal concentrations were largely below the maximum levels (MLs) established at the European Union level with the exception of Cd. This metal exceeded the MLs in squid, red mullet, European hake and Atlantic cod. Squid and blue mussel showed the highest Pb concentrations which accounted for 60% and 10% of the MLs, respectively. Highest Hg levels were found in predatory fish. The concentrations of Hg in swordfish, Atlantic bluefin tuna and red mullet accounted for 50%, 30% and 30% of the MLs, respectively. The EWIs for Cd, Pb and Hg related to the consumption

  17. Total mercury, cadmium and lead levels in main export fish of Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jinadasa, B K K K; Edirisinghe, E M R K B; Wickramasinghe, I

    2014-01-01

    Total mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) levels were determined in the muscle of four commercialised exported fish species Thunnus albacares (yellowfin tuna), Xiphias gladius (swordfish), Makaira indica (black marlin) and Lutjanus sp (red snapper) collected from the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka, during July 2009-March 2010 and measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Results show that swordfish (n = 176) contained the highest total Hg (0.90 ± 0.51 mg/kg) and Cd (0.09 ± 0.13 mg/kg) levels, whereas yellowfin tuna (n = 140) contained the highest Pb levels (0.11 ± 0.16 mg/kg). The lowest total Hg (0.16 ± 0.11 mg/kg), Cd (0.01 ± 0.01 mg/kg) and Pb (0.04 ± 0.04 mg/kg) levels were found in red snapper (n = 28). Black marlin (n = 24) contained moderate levels of total Hg (0.49 ± 0.37), Cd (0.02 ± 0.02) and Pb (0.05 ± 0.05). Even though there are some concerns during certain months of the year, this study demonstrates the safety of main export fish varieties in terms of total Hg, Cd and Pb.

  18. Fishing in Easter Island, a recent history (1950-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyrstn Zylich

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Easter Island (Rapa Nui is well studied in terms of its archaeology; however, information regarding the history of fishing is extremely limited. Marine resources have likely been exploited from the time the first Polynesians arrived on this remote island. While large pelagics are part of the traditional Rapa Nui diet, inshore fish and invertebrates have also made their way into the diet. Official records of fisheries catches in what is now the Easter Island Province of Chile, which also includes the uninhabited island of Salas y Gómez, are very limited and were available for only some years. Using anecdotal information, historical descriptions and the limited quantitative information available, we reconstructed fisheries catches in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ of the Easter Island Province over the 1950-2010 time period. Totaling almost 6,000 ton, legal catches have been increasing rapidly since the late 1970s, but are now stagnating at around 150-200 ton yr-1. The main species targeted were Pacific chub or 'nanue' (Kyphosus sandwicensis and yellowfin tuna or 'kahi ave ave' (Thunnus albacares, with spiny lobster or 'ura' (Panulirus pascuensis being the most important invertebrate species. There are indications of a substantial illegal fishery for large pelagics in the EEZ of the province, estimated at 200-2,000 ton yr-1, which may have operated for two decades and may be the cause for the declining artisanal catch of tuna by Rapa Nui fishers. Continued pressure on these geographically remote oceanic and inshore marine species, especially those popular amongst tourists, makes accounting for fisheries catches an even greater priority.

  19. The influence of body size on the intermittent locomotion of a pelagic schooling fish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noda, Takuji; Fujioka, Ko; Fukuda, Hiromu; Mitamura, Hiromichi; Ichikawa, Kotaro; Arai, Nobuaki

    2016-06-15

    There is a potential trade-off between grouping and the optimizing of the energetic efficiency of individual locomotion. Although intermittent locomotion, e.g. glide and upward swimming (GAU), can reduce the cost of locomotion at the individual level, the link between the optimization of individual intermittent locomotion and the behavioural synchronization in a group, especially among members with different sizes, is unknown. Here, we continuously monitored the schooling behaviour of a negatively buoyant fish, Pacific bluefin tuna (N = 10; 21.0 ∼ 24.5 cm), for 24 h in an open-sea net cage using accelerometry. All the fish repeated GAU during the recording periods. Although the GAU synchrony was maintained at high levels (overall mean = 0.62 for the cross-correlation coefficient of the GAU timings), larger fish glided for a longer duration per glide and more frequently than smaller fish. Similar-sized pairs showed significantly higher GAU synchrony than differently sized pairs. Our accelerometry results and the simulation based on hydrodynamic theory indicated that the advantage of intermittent locomotion in energy savings may not be fully optimized for smaller animals in a group when faced with the maintenance of group cohesion, suggesting that size assortative shoaling would be advantageous. PMID:27252017

  20. Interannual Differences for Sea Turtles Bycatch in Spanish Longliners from Western Mediterranean Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José C. Báez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies showed that regional abundance of loggerhead and leatherback turtles could oscillate interannually according to oceanographic and climatic conditions. The Western Mediterranean is an important fishing area for the Spanish drifting longline fleet, which mainly targets swordfish, bluefin tuna, and albacore. Due to the spatial overlapping in fishing activity and turtle distribution, there is an increasing sea turtle conservation concern. The main goal of this study is to analyse the interannual bycatch of loggerhead and leatherback turtles by the Spanish Mediterranean longline fishery and to test the relationship between the total turtle by-catch of this fishery and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO. During the 14 years covered in this study, the number of sea turtle bycatches was 3,940 loggerhead turtles and 8 leatherback turtles, 0.499 loggerhead turtles/1000 hooks and 0.001014 leatherback turtles/1000 hooks. In the case of the loggerhead turtle the positive phase of the NAO favours an increase of loggerhead turtles in the Western Mediterranean Sea. However, in the case of leatherback turtle the negative phase of the NAO favours the presence of leatherback turtle. This contraposition could be related to the different ecophysiological response of both species during their migration cycle.

  1. Microsatellite development and survey of genetic variation in skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Menezes, M.R.; Noguchi, D.; Nakajima, M.; Taniguchi, N.

    between the Kochi and the Japan samples, but over- all the results suggested no clear population differences among these samples. The contrast between the sequence differentiation revealed for the maternally inherited genetic marker from the east coast...

  2. ESI-PR65, Punta Tuna, Puerto Rico 2000 (Environmental Sensitivity Index Map)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) maps are an integral component in oil-spill contingency planning and assessment. They serve as a source of information in the...

  3. Incidencia prenatal de los defectos congénitos en Las Tunas

    OpenAIRE

    Juana Lupe Muñoz Callol; Glenys Katiuska Silva González; Yurima Rodríguez Peña; Elibett Carcases Carcases; Lisset del Carmen Romero Portelles

    2015-01-01

    Los defectos congénitos son la principal causa de morbilidad y mortalidad neonatal en casi todo el mundo. La introducción del diagnóstico prenatal y el establecimiento de estrategias preventivas en la atención primaria de salud han logrado la disminución de la prevalencia al nacimiento de defectos congénitos y de la mortalidad infantil en nuestro país. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal de los casos diagnosticados o confirmados prenatalmente en la consulta de genética prov...

  4. SELF ESTEEM DAN RELASI INTERPERSONAL PENYANDANG TUNA RUNGU DI LEMBAGA DEAF ‘N DUMB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faya Noorhalia Elcamila

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available All members of Institute for Deaf 'N Dumb have undergone coaching and training skills. Infact, not all the members are having a permanent job because of the lack of a chance than others, and feeling less confident that he is able to produce something so that the skills he has was useless. One of these internal variables that a barrier is self-esteem. Self-assessment of deaf persons who consider themselves not able to relate well with others, especially with the normal people. In this research, data collection using a questionnaire Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI, which is constructed based on the theory of the Coopersmith's self-esteem, as many as 45 items of statements, with the level of reliability in this study was 0.926 for the self-esteem variable, and 0.984 for the interpersonal relationship variable. Data obtained in the form of ordinal and the data processing was using non-parametric statistical method of Spearman Rank. Based on data processing with significance level = 0.05 obtained result rs = 0.439, it means there was a significant relationship between self esteem and interpersonal relationship. This means that the lower the self esteem owned it worse interpersonal relationships of persons with hearing disability.

  5. Rasked valikud tehtud! : ajalookirjanduse aasta- ja Tuna artiklipreemia 2014 / Priit Raudkivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudkivi, Priit, 1954-

    2014-01-01

    Ajalookirjanduse aastapreemia nominentidest. Aastapreemia: "Eesti ajalugu. III. Vene-Liivimaa sõjast Põhjasõjani". Artiklipreemia: Lea Kõiv "Uue vagaduse otsinguil. Andreas Sandhagen ja ortodoksne luterlus Tallinnas"

  6. Baltic trade war put on three-month hold / Ieva Tuna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuna, Ieva

    2003-01-01

    Baltimaade kaubanduskohtumisel 4. juulil 2003 otsustati kolm kuud oodata protektsionistlike meetmete rakendamisega Läti vastu. Läti esindajad lubasid omalt poolt kaaluda siseturu kaitseks kehtestatud piirangute leevendamist

  7. Efektivitas Pelaksanaan Program Pelayanan Sosial Terhadap Penyandang Tuna Daksa Oleh Yayasan Pembinaan Anak Cacat (YPAC) Medan.

    OpenAIRE

    ANDIRA, AYU

    2011-01-01

    The problem of handicapped people is one of social problem that should get special attention of both from the goverment and society. Each people has their willing and the same human being, it is to be able to live prosperously and to be able to do their social functions, thus for the handicapped people. This research is aimed to find out how the process and the effectivity of the social service programs for handicapped people in The Institute Of Cultivation For The Handicapped Children (YPAC)...

  8. Pengaruh Disharmonisasi Keluarga Terhadap Penyalahgunaan Narkoba (Studi Kasus di SMK Tunas Pelita Kota Binjai)

    OpenAIRE

    Loka, Gugus Gian

    2012-01-01

    Adult drug abuse problems are felt increasingly disturbing society, both in countries both seveloped and developing countries. Drug abuse can be attributed to the possible influence of family disharmony. From some of the theories and research results indicate that there is a relationship between family disharmony with the emergence of evil in the context of drug abuse. Child or adolescent from the family backround of the different conditions is estimated to have insight inti the thinking ...

  9. 78 FR 48860 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; South Pacific Tuna Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-12

    ... license and registration (including registration of vessel monitoring system (VMS) units) applications and... ensure the continued operation of VMS units on board licensed vessels, which is expected to require... island state's exclusive economic zone for fair disbursement of Treaty monies. Maintenance of VMS...

  10. 75 FR 43485 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; South Pacific Tuna Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-26

    ... vessel monitoring system (VMS) units) applications and periodic written reports of catch and unloading of fish from licensed vessels. They are also required to ensure the continued operation of VMS units on... disbursement of Treaty monies. The maintenance of VMS units is needed to ensure the continuous operation of...

  11. 75 FR 36619 - International Fisheries; South Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Procedures to Request Licenses and a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... for ``joint venture'' arrangements with PIPs. The Licensing Area includes all or part of the EEZs of... 1994 (at which time the Treaty authorized up to 55 licenses, with 5 reserved for joint ventures), and a... 15, 2009 through June 14, 2010). No joint venture licenses have ever been issued under the...

  12. 75 FR 74640 - International Fisheries; South Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Procedures To Request Licenses and a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... engaged in ``joint venture'' arrangements designed to maximize the benefits generated for the PIPs. The... between joint venture licenses (licenses for fishing activities designed to maximize the benefits... for the two license types. (2) To obtain approval from NMFS for a joint venture license, in...

  13. Studies on the structural changes of myoglobin in tuna meat discoloration

    OpenAIRE

    Nurilmala, Mala

    2013-01-01

    報告番号: ; 学位授与年月日: 2013-03-25 ; 学位の種別: 課程博士 ; 学位の種類: 博士(農学) ; 学位記番号: 博農第3914号 ; 研究科・専攻: 農学生命科学研究科水圏生物科学専攻

  14. How To Sell A Tuna What Fish Markets Teach About The Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Economists tend to study "the market" in the abstract, but some markets are anything but abstract. The Aalsmeer auctions in the Netherlands burst with the color of more than 20 million flowers a day, while Tokyo's early-morning Tsukiji fish market is enthralling enough to compete for tourist attention with the nightclubs of Roppongi.

  15. Effects of social factors on fishing effort: The case of the Philippine tuna purse seine fishery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Libre, S.V.D.; Voorn, van G.A.K.; Broeke, Ten G.A.; Bailey, M.L.; Berentsen, P.B.M.; Bush, S.R.

    2015-01-01

    High fishing effort remains in many of the world’s fisheries despite a variety of policies that have been implemented to reduce it. These policies have predominantly focused on models of cause and effect that ignore the possibility that the intended outcomes are altered by social behavior and bounde

  16. How To Sell A Tuna What Fish Markets Teach About The Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tim; Harford

    2007-01-01

    Economists tend to study "the market" in the abstract, but some markets are anything but abstract. The Aalsmeer auctions in the Netherlands burst with the color of more than 20 million flowers a day, while Tokyo's early-morning Tsukiji fish market is enthralling enough to compete for tourist attention with the nightclubs of Roppongi.……

  17. Respon Tunas Gaharu ( Aquilaria malacensis) secara In Vitro terhadap Pemberian ZPT

    OpenAIRE

    Sipayung, Esry Ninta

    2010-01-01

    Gaharu is one of non wood crops which is originally of Aquilaria malaccensis plant family. At this time, extension of gaharustill use conventional technic. In generatife ways extension of gaharu still depends on natural available seeds. Whaile in vegetatife way ( in vitro, slip of leaf tip, slip of stalk) still didn’t give maximum result. Until research was done to know the effect of giving hormone BAP on media ½ MS to A. malaccensisbud induction, and to know the effect of hormone GA anad IAA...

  18. Mikropropagasi Tunas Anggrek Hitam (Coelogyne pandurata Lindl) Dengan Pemberian Benzil Amino Purin dan Naftalen Asam Asetat

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Nanda Nurlela

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the research is to know the influence of Benzylamino purine (BAP) and Naphtalen-3-acetic acid (NAA) concentration on micropropagation black orchid buds. The research was carried out in the Tissue Culture laboratory, Department of Agronomy, Faculty at Agriculture North Sumatera University, Medan from January to March 2010. This research used Randomized Block Design with two factor. First factor was BAP concentration consist of four levels: 0 mg/l ; 1 mg/l; 2 mg/l dan 3 mg/l. The se...

  19. 78 FR 2273 - Canned Tuna Deviating From Identity Standard; Temporary Permit for Market Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-10

    ..., and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 341). ] The permit covers limited interstate marketing tests of products... marketing of a total 533,333 cases of 12 x 4 ounce cans (totaling 6.4 million cans), covering 1.6 million.... Under this temporary permit, the principal display panels of the test products must bear the phrase...

  20. DHA-Rich Tuna Oil Effectively Suppresses Allergic Symptoms in Mice Allergic to Whey or Peanut

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Elsen, Lieke Wj; Bol-Schoenmakers, Marianne; van Esch, Betty Cam; Hofman, Gerard A; van de Heijning, Bert Jm; Pieters, Raymond H; Smit, Joost J; Garssen, Johan; Willemsen, Linette Em

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Supplementation with long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) has been found to reduce the development of allergic disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of fish oil diets rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3; EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid

  1. SELF ESTEEM DAN RELASI INTERPERSONAL PENYANDANG TUNA RUNGU DI LEMBAGA DEAF ‘N DUMB

    OpenAIRE

    Faya Noorhalia Elcamila; Lilim Halimah

    2012-01-01

    All members of Institute for Deaf 'N Dumb have undergone coaching and training skills. Infact, not all the members are having a permanent job because of the lack of a chance than others, and feeling less confident that he is able to produce something so that the skills he has was useless. One of these internal variables that a barrier is self-esteem. Self-assessment of deaf persons who consider themselves not able to relate well with others, especially with the normal people. In this research...

  2. GENETIC DIVERSITY OF SKIPJACK TUNA (Katsuwonus pelamis FROM JEMBRANA AND KARANGASEM REGENCIES, BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fakhrurrasi Fakhri

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keragaman genetik ikan cakalang (Katsuwonus pelamis yang ada di Kabupaten Jembrana dan Karangasem, Bali. Sampel DNA diambil dari 30 ekor di kabupaten Jembrana dan 30 ekor di kabupaten Karangasem. Ekstraksi DNA dilakukan dengan menggunakan chelex 10% dan amplifikasi menggunakan metode PCR dengan konfigurasi HotStart pada control region DNA mitokondria, menggunakan primer forward CRK dan primer reverse CRE. Analisis filogenetika dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Neighbor Joining dengan model Kimura 2-parameter. Variasi dari setiap sekuen diperoleh dengan menghitung jumlah, persentase dari tiap haplotipe, keragaman haplotipe (hd dan keragaman nukleotida (? menggunakan program DnaSP 5.10. Analisis Fst (Fixation Index berdasarkan frekuensi haplotipe menggunakan Arlequin 3.1. Haplotipe pada sampel Jembrana berjumlah 28 haplotipe dan sampel Karangasem berjumlah 15 haplotipe dengannilai hd secara keseluruhan yaitu 0,997±0,006 dan untuk keragaman nukleotida (? sebesar 0,04694. Nilai Fst yang diperoleh yaitu -0,00334 dan Fst P sebesar 0,90918±0,0100, menunjukkan bahwa populasi ikan cakalang di Kabupaten Jembrana dan Karangasem berasal dari populasi induk yang sama.

  3. Mercury in fish available in supermarkets in Illinois: Are there regional differences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Media coverage has made the public aware of both the benefits and the risks from eating self-caught fish, but information on contaminants in commercial fish is much more limited, especially on a local level. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration website provides methylmercury data for a variety of fish, but for many species sample sizes are small and data are more than a decade old, whereas commercial fish sources are highly dynamic. A few state agencies are beginning to provide contaminant information for commercial fish, including canned tuna. We examined the mercury concentration of six types of fish purchased in supermarkets in Chicago, Illinois in 2005. We measured total mercury (methylmercury accounts for about 90% of the total mercury in fish). One key question was whether the concentrations of mercury in fish available locally were similar to those reported in other areas of the country and in the FDA U.S. national data base. Such information is critical for the public, especially pregnant women or those planning on pregnancy, making decisions about types and quantities of fish to consume. Some fish are available generally throughout the U.S., but others are more locally available, suggesting a need for site-specific information. This research was stakeholder driven, and reflected local interest in the safety of local fish. There were significant differences in mercury concentrations among the fish, ranging from a mean of 0.03 μg/g (ppm-wet weight) for salmon (Salmo spp.) to 1.41 ppm for swordfish (Xiphias gladius). Maximum values for three species of fish (orange roughy Hoplostethus atianticus, swordfish walleye Sander vitreus) were over 1 ppm (FDA action level), and all of the fish except salmon had some values above 0.5 ppm, the action level set by some states and countries. There were significant differences in mercury concentrations among three types of canned tuna (Thunnus spp): 'gourmet tuna' had the least amount of mercury, and white tuna had the

  4. Mercury in fish available in supermarkets in Illinois: Are there regional differences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burger, Joanna [Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, New Jersey, 08854-8082 (United States) and Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation (CRESP) and Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI), Piscataway, New Jersey (United States)]. E-mail: burger@biology.rutgers.edu; Gochfeld, Michael [Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation (CRESP), and Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI), Piscataway, New Jersey (United States); Environmental and Community Medicine, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, New Jersey, 08854 (United States)

    2006-08-31

    Media coverage has made the public aware of both the benefits and the risks from eating self-caught fish, but information on contaminants in commercial fish is much more limited, especially on a local level. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration website provides methylmercury data for a variety of fish, but for many species sample sizes are small and data are more than a decade old, whereas commercial fish sources are highly dynamic. A few state agencies are beginning to provide contaminant information for commercial fish, including canned tuna. We examined the mercury concentration of six types of fish purchased in supermarkets in Chicago, Illinois in 2005. We measured total mercury (methylmercury accounts for about 90% of the total mercury in fish). One key question was whether the concentrations of mercury in fish available locally were similar to those reported in other areas of the country and in the FDA U.S. national data base. Such information is critical for the public, especially pregnant women or those planning on pregnancy, making decisions about types and quantities of fish to consume. Some fish are available generally throughout the U.S., but others are more locally available, suggesting a need for site-specific information. This research was stakeholder driven, and reflected local interest in the safety of local fish. There were significant differences in mercury concentrations among the fish, ranging from a mean of 0.03 {mu}g/g (ppm-wet weight) for salmon (Salmo spp.) to 1.41 ppm for swordfish (Xiphias gladius). Maximum values for three species of fish (orange roughy Hoplostethus atianticus, swordfish walleye Sander vitreus) were over 1 ppm (FDA action level), and all of the fish except salmon had some values above 0.5 ppm, the action level set by some states and countries. There were significant differences in mercury concentrations among three types of canned tuna (Thunnus spp): 'gourmet tuna' had the least amount of mercury, and white

  5. A novel system for embryo-larval toxicity testing of pelagic fish: Applications for impact assessment of Deepwater Horizon crude oil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stieglitz, John D; Mager, Edward M; Hoenig, Ronald H; Alloy, Matthew; Esbaugh, Andrew J; Bodinier, Charlotte; Benetti, Daniel D; Roberts, Aaron P; Grosell, Martin

    2016-11-01

    Key differences in the developmental process of pelagic fish embryos, in comparison to embryos of standard test fish species, present challenges to obtaining sufficient control survival needed to successfully perform traditional toxicity testing bioassays. Many of these challenges relate to the change in buoyancy, from positive to negative, of pelagic fish embryos that occurs just prior to hatch. A novel exposure system, the pelagic embryo-larval exposure chamber (PELEC), has been developed to conduct successful bioassays on the early life stages (ELSs; embryos/larvae) of pelagic fish. Using this unique recirculating upwelling system, it was possible to significantly improve control survival in pelagic fish ELS bioassays compared to commonly used static exposure methods. Results demonstrate that control performance of mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) embryos in the PELEC system, measured as percent survival after 96-hrs, significantly outperformed agitated static exposure and static exposure systems. Similar significant improvements in 72-hr control survival were obtained with yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). The PELEC system was subsequently used to test the effects of photo-induced toxicity of crude oil to mahi-mahi ELSs over the course of 96-hrs. Results indicate a greater than 9-fold increase in toxicity of Deepwater Horizon (DWH) crude oil during co-exposure to ambient sunlight compared to filtered ambient sunlight, revealing the importance of including natural sunlight in 96-hr DWH crude oil bioassays as well as the PELEC system's potential application in ecotoxicological assessments. PMID:27505137

  6. Fish Manoeuvres and Morphology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Kiran; Pedley, Timothy

    2008-11-01

    The extraordinary manoeuvrability observed in many fish is attributed to their inherent flexibility, which might be enhanced by the use of appendages like fins. The aim of this work is to understand the role of morphological adaptations, such as body shape and deployment of median fins, on manoeuvrability and internal body dynamics. The 3d vortex lattice numerical method was employed to analyse the hydrodynamics for arbitrary body planforms of infinitesimal thickness. The internal structure of the body due to the combined skeletal system and soft tissue, is represented as an active Euler-Bernoulli beam, in which the time-dependent bending moment distribution is calculated from body inertia and the hydrodynamic pressure difference across the body. C-turns are the manoeuvre of choice for this work and the response for three different species of fish are examined. Angelfish(Pterophyllum eimekei), pike (Esox sp) and tuna (Thunnus albacares) were chosen for their differences in body profile, median fin use and manoeuvrability. Net direction change and bending moment response to prescribed backbone flexure are calculated and used to interpret the influence of body profile on manoeuvrability and muscle work done. Internal stresses may be computed from anatomical data on muscle fibre distribution and recruitment. To the future, it is intended to extend this work to other typical manoeuvres, such as fast starts for which muscle activation patterns have been measured quite widely.

  7. Isolation of heat-tolerant myoglobin from Asian swamp eel Monopterus albus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chotichayapong, Chatrachatchaya; Wiengsamut, Kittipong; Chanthai, Saksit; Sattayasai, Nison; Tamiya, Toru; Kanzawa, Nobuyuki; Tsuchiya, Takahide

    2012-10-01

    Myoglobin from Asian swamp eel Monopterus albus was purified from fish muscle using salt fractionation followed by column chromatography and molecular filtration. The purified Mb of 0.68 mg/g wet weight of muscle was determined for its molecular mass by MALDI-TOF-MS to be 15,525.18 Da. Using isoelectric focusing technique, the purified Mb showed two derivatives with pI of 6.40 and 7.12. Six peptide fragments of this protein identified by LC-MS/MS were homologous to Mbs of sea raven Hemitripterus americanus, yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacores, blue marlin Makaira nigicans, common carp Cyprinus carpio, and goldfish Carassius auratus. According to the Mb denaturation, the swamp eel Mb had thermal stability higher than walking catfish Clarias batrachus Mb and striped catfish Pangasius hypophthalmus Mb, between 30 and 60 (°)C. For the thermal stability of Mb, the swamp eel Mb showed a biphasic behavior due to the O(2) dissociation and the heme orientation disorder, with the lowest increase in both Kd(f) and Kd(s). The thermal sensitivity of swamp eel Mb was lower than those of the other Mbs for both of fast and slow reaction stages. These results suggest that the swamp eel Mb globin structure is thermally stable, which is consistent with heat-tolerant behavior of the swamp eel particularly in drought habitat.

  8. Trade-offs among catch, bycatch, and landed value in the American Samoa longline fishery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Jordan T; Bigelow, Keith A

    2014-08-01

    The interspecific preferences of fishes for different depths and habitats suggest fishers could avoid unwanted catches of some species while still effectively targeting other species. In pelagic longline fisheries, albacore (Thunnus alalunga) are often caught in relatively cooler, deeper water (>100 m) than many species of conservation concern (e.g., sea turtles, billfishes, and some sharks) that are caught in shallower water (Carcharhinus falciformis), and 42.6% (n = 150) of oceanic whitetip shark (C. longimanus) were caught on the 3 shallowest hooks. Eleven percent (n = 20,435) of all tuna and 8.5% (n = 10,374) of albacore were caught on the 3 shallowest hooks. Hook elimination reduced landed value by 1.6-9.2%, and redistribution of hooks increased average annual landed value relative to the status quo by 5-11.7%. Based on these scenarios, redistribution of hooks to deeper depths may provide an economically feasible modification to longline gear that could substantially reduce bycatch for a suite of vulnerable species. Our results suggest that this method may be applicable to deep-set pelagic longline fisheries worldwide. PMID:24628499

  9. Species catch composition, length structure and reproductive indices of swordfish (Xiphias gladius at Easter Island zone Composición de especies, estructura de tallas e índices reproductivos de pez espada (Xiphias gladius en la zona de isla de Pascua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Vega

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The species composition, size distribution, and gonadal index (GI of swordfish (Xiphias gladius are reported from catches obtained by longliners in the zone of Easter Island in the southeastern Pacific. Five cruises were made during the summer season between 2001 and 2006 completing a total of 150 fishing sets. A total of 3,781 fish belonging to 24 species were registered, of which 17 were commercial and 6 were bycatch. Of the total, 44.1% were swordfish, 28.3%> sharks, 12.1% marlins, 8.4%> tunas and 7.1%o other teleosts. Amongst the sharks the most important species was the blue shark (Prionace glauca, 16.5%> followed by the brown shark (Carcharhinus spp., 6.9%>. Amongst the tunas and istiophorids, striped marlin (Tetrapturus audax, 8.0% and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares, 4.9% were also important (≥ 4% in number. The number of units by species, the nominal yield in number and weight and the gutted average weight are reported in addition to size statistics. The population structure of swordfish was dominated by males and differences in the average length between sexes were not found. Individuals with high values of GI were observed during every survey, mainly during December-February which suggests a reproductive area for this species. The blue shark showed a predominance of males, and differences in the average length between sexes were observed, possibly due to a spatial and temporal segregation.Se reportan la composición de especies, estructura de talla, y el índice gonádico (IG de pez espada (Xiphias gladius, desde capturas obtenidas por embarcaciones palangreras en la zona de isla de Pascua en el Pacífico suroriental. En el periodo estival entre 2001 y 2006, se realizaron cinco cruceros completando un total de 150 lances de pesca. Se registró un total de 3.781 peces pertenecientes a 24 especies, de las cuales 17 fueron comerciales y seis incidentales. Del total, 44,1% fue pez espada, 28,3%> tiburones, 12,1% marlines, 8,4%o atunes

  10. Stock assessment of albacore Thunnus alalunga in the Indian Ocean%印度洋长鳍金枪鱼资源评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱江峰; 戴小杰; 官文江

    2014-01-01

    本研究运用年龄结构资源评估模型ASAP,利用最新的渔业数据和生物学研究成果,对印度洋长鳍金枪鱼资源进行了评估.结果显示,主要资源变量捕捞死亡系数(F)、产卵亲体生物量(SSB)和生物学参考点受亲体-补充量关系的陡度参数(h)的影响很大.假设陡度参数h=0.7、0.8、0.9时,最大持续产量(MSY)分别为25 268 t、27 414 t、51 924 t,当前(2010年初)F与FMSY之比分别为2.85、2.32、1.11,当前渔获量与MSY之比分别为1.65、1.52、0.80.1984年以来,F总体处于上升趋势,SSB处于下降趋势.基本模型条件下(h=0.8),当前资源状况为“趋向于过度捕捞”(O-verfishing),且已接近于“过度捕捞”(Overfished).若h=0.7、h=0.9,当前资源状况分别为“捕捞过度”、“趋向于过度捕捞”.

  11. Estabilidad en el almacenamiento congelado de rebanadas de lomo de atún rojo (Thunnus sp.) empacadas en atmósfera modificada con CO2

    OpenAIRE

    Myrna Luisa Medina Bracamonte; María Andreína Guerra Hidalgo; Marinela Barrero

    2014-01-01

    La disponibilidad atún rojo fresco, entero y rebanado, como todo producto pesquero fresco está restringida para los consumidores en zonas distantes a los centros de producción por su estabilidad limitada en el almacenamiento. Por ello la industria pesquera en general, en la época de mayor producción, recurre a la congelación para conservar el excedente de producción, y al empacado para protegerlo del ambiente frío y seco del congelador, evitar su deshidratación y “quemaduras por frío”. El sur...

  12. Numeric modeling of a pelagic longline based on minimum potential energy principle%基于最小势能原理的延绳钓渔具作业状态数值模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋利明; 张智; 袁军亭; 李玉伟

    2011-01-01

    {Thunnus obesus)but also caught yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), swordfish (Xiphias gladius), albacore (Thunnus alalunga) and billfishes (Istiophoridae). The hook depths (188 hooks) were measured using temperature depth recorders (TDRs) and the three dimensional current was measured at a range of depths at 24 sites using an acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP). We developed a three-dimensional numerical longline model (3DNLM) using finite element analysis and the minimum potential energy principle method. We used Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB) software to program and conduct the numerical calculations. The three dimensional current data were assigned to seven, 50 m depth intervals (e.g., 0-50, 50-100, or 300-350 m). The coordinates of all the nodes of the longline (including the float lines, mainline, and branch lines) were calculated by inputting three-dimensional current profile data, fishing gear parameters (the diameter of the mainline and branch line, the total weight of the branch line and the bait in the water, the density of the mainline and branch line, the elastic modulus of the mainline, the length of the branch line, and the length of the float rope), operating parameters (vessel speed, line shooter speed, and the time interval between two hooks) into the numerical model. The model then outputs the shape of the longline under water and the depth of each hook. We verified the model output using experimental data. The model was able to accurately depict the three-dimensional shape and hook depths of the pelagic longline. There was no significant difference between the hook depth measured by TDR and the model estimate of hook depth (P=0.22>0.05). The average difference between two methods was 12.03 m (range: 0.02-40.36 m, S2=100.30, 5=10.01, n=188). The underwater shape of the main line was represented by a wave-shaped curve. The shape was related to the force of the branch line. This load was concentrated at the respective node of the main line and made the

  13. 50 CFR 216.93 - Tracking and verification program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Parties to the Agreement on the IDCP. (a) Tuna tracking forms. Whenever a U.S. flag tuna purse seine..., canning, sale, rejection, etc.). (4) During canning activities, non-dolphin-safe tuna may not be mixed...

  14. クロマグロ養殖場海域の物質循環を統べる細菌鍵種の特定

    OpenAIRE

    谷口, 亮人

    2014-01-01

    研究成果の概要(和文): 本研究課題では, 造礁サンゴが群棲するクロマグロ養殖場海域における細菌群の変動を調べ, その物質循環を統べる細菌鍵種を特定した. 季節に係わらず, 造礁サンゴの放出する粘液によって, 細菌生産が増加することを明らかにした. 活発に増殖している細菌群の次世代シークエンス解析を行った結果, ごく一部の細菌種がその細菌生産を担っていることを明らかにした. これらの細菌種が, 本養殖場海域における細菌鍵種である可能性が高い. 研究成果の概要(英文): In this study, bacterial key species which would regulate organic matter flux in a bluefin tuna farming environment have been identified. Bacterial production in seawater was enhanced by released coral mucus regardless of the season. It was foun...

  15. Aquaculture effects on environmental and public welfare - the case of Mediterranean mariculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigorakis, K; Rigos, G

    2011-10-01

    Aquatic farming has been considered, during the last decades, as the fastest growing food production industry powered by governmental and technological impulsion. Compensation for fisheries decline, creation of new jobs and source of financial windfall are the most important benefits. However, similar to most of the human food-production activities, aquaculture raised several issues related to the environmental welfare and consumer safety. An effort to record the aquaculture-environment and -human safety interactions with regard to the Mediterranean mariculture, is attempted herein. We focused on this geographical area due to its individualities in both the hydrological and physicochemical characteristics and the forms of aquaculture activities. The cage farming of euryhaline marine fish species and more recently of bluefin tuna and mollusk farming are the dominating aquaculture activities. The impacts of these activities to the environment, through wastes offloads, introduction of alien species, genetic interactions, disease transfer, release of chemicals, use of wild recourses, alterations of coastal habitats and disturbance of wildlife, are analytically considered. Also the consumer safety issues related to the farming are assessed, including generation of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms, contaminants transferred to humans though food chain and other hazards from consumption of aquacultured items. Within these, the major literature findings are critically examined and suggestions for scientific areas that need further development are made. The major tasks for future aquaculture development in this region are: (i) to ensure sustainability and (ii) to balance the risks to public or environmental health with the substantial economical benefits. In regard with monitoring, tools must be created or adapted to predict the environmental costs and estimate consumer impact. At a canonistic and legal basis, the establishment of appropriate legal guidelines and common

  16. Aquaculture effects on environmental and public welfare - the case of Mediterranean mariculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigorakis, K; Rigos, G

    2011-10-01

    Aquatic farming has been considered, during the last decades, as the fastest growing food production industry powered by governmental and technological impulsion. Compensation for fisheries decline, creation of new jobs and source of financial windfall are the most important benefits. However, similar to most of the human food-production activities, aquaculture raised several issues related to the environmental welfare and consumer safety. An effort to record the aquaculture-environment and -human safety interactions with regard to the Mediterranean mariculture, is attempted herein. We focused on this geographical area due to its individualities in both the hydrological and physicochemical characteristics and the forms of aquaculture activities. The cage farming of euryhaline marine fish species and more recently of bluefin tuna and mollusk farming are the dominating aquaculture activities. The impacts of these activities to the environment, through wastes offloads, introduction of alien species, genetic interactions, disease transfer, release of chemicals, use of wild recourses, alterations of coastal habitats and disturbance of wildlife, are analytically considered. Also the consumer safety issues related to the farming are assessed, including generation of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms, contaminants transferred to humans though food chain and other hazards from consumption of aquacultured items. Within these, the major literature findings are critically examined and suggestions for scientific areas that need further development are made. The major tasks for future aquaculture development in this region are: (i) to ensure sustainability and (ii) to balance the risks to public or environmental health with the substantial economical benefits. In regard with monitoring, tools must be created or adapted to predict the environmental costs and estimate consumer impact. At a canonistic and legal basis, the establishment of appropriate legal guidelines and common

  17. THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF MARINE FISH CAGE FARMS IN THE EASTERN ADRIATIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Katavić

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Mariculture in Croatia could play a more important role in development of rural communities along coastline. However, by increase of fish farming, public concern over environmental issues has been raised, and the need for more responsible mariculture development and management has been asked. There are opportunities and challenges for effectively integrating mariculture into coastal zone management with equal rights and obligations. This is primarily because of its social and economic mission consisting in preventing de-population of rural coastal areas and islands and meeting the growing needs of tourist market for seafood. Although intensive mariculture production is accused of producing negative environmental effects, many of these effects still need to be scientifically documented. The effect of nitrogen and phosphorous releases from farmed fish faeces or uneaten food is not of significant issues for marine ecosystem, and it is generally of little importance compared to the inflow of nutrients from other coastal sources. The impact on sediment and benthic communities is mainly local and short-term ones, and depends on the number and extent of the farms and their location. Recovery of some benthic communities after the cessation of farming activities may be delayed over several years (i. e. Posidonia beds due to the accumulated organic matter. Bluefin tuna farming if not properly located and managed might cause pollution problems, either from uneaten feed and metabolic waste or from harvesting and processing the fish. In most cases the problem comes from smell pollution during the summer time and the oily water surface that may be widespread much outside of the farm areas. It will be important for sustainable development of Croatian mariculture to offer a healthy and good quality product in the quantities required by the market, while not degrading the marine environment.

  18. SYSTEM OF ACTIONS TO PERFECT THE WORK OF THE GROUPS OF COMMUNITY-WORK IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF LAS TUNAS / SISTEMA DE ACCIONES PARA PERFECCIONAR LA LABOR DE LOS GRUPOS DE TRABAJO COMUNITARIO EN EL MUNICIPIO DE LAS TUNAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betsy Rodríguez Serrano

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cuba has a series of objectives that make it different to world level, it confers him great importance to the development of the communities, because this it rebounds directly in the development of the country, numerous they have been the programs that the Revolution has been traced to improve the way of life of the society, to leave its interests and necessities. It respects the multiplicity of traditions and characteristic cultural originated by the history. It is seated in the ethical values of the hard-working class, in particular, those of contribution and mutual benefit. They keep in mind that the community is constituted by people, individuals to which the community action should arrive, I don't eat something impersonal or distant, but in a continuous and personal way. The coordination and integration of the activities, the efforts and resources of the different organisms, organizations and institutions, in achieving the most important objectives for the town, it allows a bigger coherence in their actions that will contribute to strengthen the results, on the base of the increment of the effectiveness.