WorldWideScience

Sample records for blu-ray recording properties

  1. Optical characterization and blu-ray recording properties of metal(II) azo barbituric acid complex films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smooth thin films of nickel(II), cobalt(II) and zinc(II) complexes with azo barbituric acid were prepared by the spin-coating method. Absorption spectra of the thin films on K9 glass substrates in 300-700 nm wavelength region were measured. Optical constants (complex refractive index N = n + ik) of the thin films prepared on single-crystal silicon substrates in 275-695 nm wavelength region were investigated on rotating analyzer-polarizer type of scanning ellipsometer, and dielectric constant ε (ε = ε1 + iε2) as well as absorption coefficient α of thin films were calculated at 405 nm. In addition, static optical recording properties of the cobalt(II) complex thin film with an Ag reflective layer was carried out using a 406.7 nm blue-violet laser and a high numerical aperture (NA) of 0.90. Clear recording marks with high reflectivity contrast (>60%) at proper laser power and pulse width were obtained, and the size of recording mark was as small as 250 nm. The results indicate that these metal(II) complexes are promising organic recording medium for the blu-ray optical storage system

  2. Optical characterization and blu-ray recording properties of metal(II) azo barbituric acid complex films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, X.Y. [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)], E-mail: xyli@siom.ac.cn; Wu, Y.Q. [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Key Lab of Functional Inorganic Material Chemistry (Heilongjiang University), Ministry of Education, Haerbin 150080 (China)], E-mail: yqwu@siom.ac.cn; Gu, D.D.; Gan, F.X. [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)

    2009-02-25

    Smooth thin films of nickel(II), cobalt(II) and zinc(II) complexes with azo barbituric acid were prepared by the spin-coating method. Absorption spectra of the thin films on K9 glass substrates in 300-700 nm wavelength region were measured. Optical constants (complex refractive index N = n + ik) of the thin films prepared on single-crystal silicon substrates in 275-695 nm wavelength region were investigated on rotating analyzer-polarizer type of scanning ellipsometer, and dielectric constant {epsilon} ({epsilon} = {epsilon}{sub 1} + i{epsilon}{sub 2}) as well as absorption coefficient {alpha} of thin films were calculated at 405 nm. In addition, static optical recording properties of the cobalt(II) complex thin film with an Ag reflective layer was carried out using a 406.7 nm blue-violet laser and a high numerical aperture (NA) of 0.90. Clear recording marks with high reflectivity contrast (>60%) at proper laser power and pulse width were obtained, and the size of recording mark was as small as 250 nm. The results indicate that these metal(II) complexes are promising organic recording medium for the blu-ray optical storage system.

  3. Ten-Times-Speed Recording on Dual Layer Blu-ray Disc Recordable Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furumiya, Shigeru; Kitaura, Hideki; Narumi, Kenji; Miyagawa, Naoyasu; Yamada, Noboru

    2008-07-01

    To clarify the potential of our 1×-4× speed dual layer Blu-ray disc recordable media (BD-R) in higher speed recordings, we evaluated the recording performance of each layer on over 4× speed recording. The approaches are simulations and experimentations under the condition of 2T mark recordings at 4×, 6×, and 10× speeds. As a result, we have successfully improved the speed dependence of dual layer BD-R by the write strategy. It is confirmed that the recording power ratio Ps/Pw, where Ps is the space power and Pw is the peak write power, is one of the key parameters for achieving high-speed recording. It is expected that our dual layer BD-R could cover 1×-10× speeds.

  4. Optical Disk with Blu-Ray Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, T. Ravi; Krishnaiah, R. V.

    2013-01-01

    Blu-ray is the name of a next-generation optical disc format jointly developed by the Blu-ray Disc Association a group of the world's leading consumer electronics, personal computer and media manufacturers. The format was developed to enable recording, rewriting and playback of high-definition video, as well as storing large amounts of data. This extra capacity combined with the use of advanced video and audio codec will offer consumers an unprecedented HD experience. While current optical di...

  5. Acridizinium-Substituted Dendrimers As a New Potential Rewritable Optical Data Storage Material for Blu-ray

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lohse, Brian; Vestberg, Robert; Ivanov, Mario T.;

    2008-01-01

    provides an alternative chromophore for rewritable optical data storage media to the existing dye materials such as azo, cyanine, and phthalocyanine dyes for Blu-ray recording. The compound was initially tested in ethanol, showing good reversible properties and photoinduced degree of dimerization. The...

  6. Characterization of Stock Blu-ray diodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Mark; Archibald, James; Erickson, Christopher; Durfee, Dallin

    2010-10-01

    I am developing a process to test and characterize diodes of unknown wavelengths. using a B&WTEK Spectrometer we are characterizing the wavelength of 405 nm blu-ray diodes purchased in bulk. With the known error in production of the Diode Lasers we are hoping to find a diode at 408 nm to use in driving a raman transition between hyperfine states of strontium 87 ions. The bulk of the project is a java program that communicates with the spectrometer and graphically displays the intensities of the wavelengths from the laser diodes.

  7. Single SOC Test Challenge for Blu-ray DVD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Don Blair; Keita Gunji

    2005-01-01

    The Blu-ray DVD single chip SOC architecture, challenging high speed and high fidelity mixed signal test requirements and test solutions are introduced. COT reductions to make this a mass production low cost test approach is also described.

  8. Signal processing for 35GB on a single-layer Blu-ray disc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padiy, Alexander V.; Yin, Bin; Verschuren, Coen A.; Lee, Julian I.; Vlutters, Ruud; Jansen, Theo P.

    2004-09-01

    We report on the technical progress in increasing the recording density of optical storage systems by means of improved read-channel signal processing and write-channel optimisation. The recording density increase is realized by employing PRML (Viterbi) bit detection in combination with improved timing recovery and adaptive equalisation algorithms, and by using a signal quality characterisation scheme which enables a proper control of the write process in the considered range of storage densities. The Blu-ray Disc (BD) optical disc system employing blue-violet laser with the wavelength of 405nm, objective lens with numerical aperture of 0.85 and disc cover layer thickness of 0.1mm is used as an experimental platform in our present study. Multi-track experimental results for both single-layer read-only (BD-ROM) and single-layer rewritable (BD-RE) media are presented to show the feasibility of the increased-density BD.

  9. New optical architecture for holographic data storage system compatible with Blu-ray Disc™ system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimada, Ken-ichi; Ide, Tatsuro; Shimano, Takeshi; Anderson, Ken; Curtis, Kevin

    2014-02-01

    A new optical architecture for holographic data storage system which is compatible with a Blu-ray Disc™ (BD) system is proposed. In the architecture, both signal and reference beams pass through a single objective lens with numerical aperture (NA) 0.85 for realizing angularly multiplexed recording. The geometry of the architecture brings a high affinity with an optical architecture in the BD system because the objective lens can be placed parallel to a holographic medium. Through the comparison of experimental results with theory, the validity of the optical architecture was verified and demonstrated that the conventional objective lens motion technique in the BD system is available for angularly multiplexed recording. The test-bed composed of a blue laser system and an objective lens of the NA 0.85 was designed. The feasibility of its compatibility with BD is examined through the designed test-bed.

  10. Repurposing Blu-ray movie discs as quasi-random nanoimprinting templates for photon management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Alexander J.; Wang, Chen; Guo, Dongning; Sun, Cheng; Huang, Jiaxing

    2014-11-01

    Quasi-random nanostructures have attracted significant interests for photon management purposes. To optimize such patterns, typically very expensive fabrication processes are needed to create the pre-designed, subwavelength nanostructures. While quasi-random photonic nanostructures are abundant in nature (for example, in structural coloration), interestingly, they also exist in Blu-ray movie discs, an already mass-produced consumer product. Here we uncover that Blu-ray disc patterns are surprisingly well suited for light-trapping applications. While the algorithms in the Blu-ray industrial standard were developed with the intention of optimizing data compression and error tolerance, they have also created quasi-random arrangement of islands and pits on the final media discs that are nearly optimized for photon management over the solar spectrum, regardless of the information stored on the discs. As a proof-of-concept, imprinting polymer solar cells with the Blu-ray patterns indeed increases their efficiencies. Simulation suggests that Blu-ray patterns could be broadly applied for solar cells made of other materials.

  11. 78 FR 56736 - Certain Digital Media Devices, Including Televisions, Blu-Ray Disc Players, Home Theater Systems...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... Hills Media, LLC (``BHM''). 78 FR 29156-57. The complaint alleges violations of section 337 of the... COMMISSION Certain Digital Media Devices, Including Televisions, Blu-Ray Disc Players, Home Theater Systems... digital media devices, including televisions, blu-ray disc players, home theater systems, tablets...

  12. Sensitive Blu-ray detection of clustered rolling circle products for molecular diagnostics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlford, A.; Donolato, Marco; Mezger, A.; Antunes, Paula Soares Martins; Østerberg, Frederik Westergaard; Burger, Robert; Bosco, Filippo; Boisen, Anja; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt; Nilsson, M.

    nanoparticles (MNP). Samples are injected into a microfluidic disc chip and analyzed on a novel magneto-optical platform. The sensing approach is based on the clustering pattern of MNP in a magnetic field and measures the effect of cluster formation on transmitted light using a standard Blu-Ray pickup head. The...

  13. Bit-mapped Holograms Using Phase Transition Mastering (PTM) and Blu-ray Disks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnhart, Donald

    2013-02-01

    Due to recent advances made in data storage, cloud computing, and Blu-ray mastering technology, it is now straight forward to calculate, store, transfer, and print bitmapped holograms that use terabytes of data and tera-pixels of information. This presentation reports on the potential of using the phase transition mastering (PTM) process to construct bitmapped, computer generated holograms with spatial resolutions of 5000 line-pairs/mm (70 nm pixel width). In particular, for Blu-ray disk production, Sony has developed a complete process that could be alternately deployed in holographic applications. The PTM process uses a 405 nm laser to write phase patterns onto a layer of imperfect transition metal oxides that is deposited onto an 8 inch silicon wafer. After the master hologram has been constructed, its imprint can then be cheaply mass produced with the same process as Blu-ray disks or embossed holograms. Unlike traditional binary holograms made with expensive e-beam lithography, the PTM process has the potential for multiple phase levels using inexpensive optics similar to consumer-grade desktop Blu-ray writers. This PTM process could revolutionise holography for entertainment, industrial, and scientific applications.

  14. Bit-mapped Holograms Using Phase Transition Mastering (PTM) and Blu-ray Disks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to recent advances made in data storage, cloud computing, and Blu-ray mastering technology, it is now straight forward to calculate, store, transfer, and print bitmapped holograms that use terabytes of data and tera-pixels of information. This presentation reports on the potential of using the phase transition mastering (PTM) process to construct bitmapped, computer generated holograms with spatial resolutions of 5000 line-pairs/mm (70 nm pixel width). In particular, for Blu-ray disk production, Sony has developed a complete process that could be alternately deployed in holographic applications. The PTM process uses a 405 nm laser to write phase patterns onto a layer of imperfect transition metal oxides that is deposited onto an 8 inch silicon wafer. After the master hologram has been constructed, its imprint can then be cheaply mass produced with the same process as Blu-ray disks or embossed holograms. Unlike traditional binary holograms made with expensive e-beam lithography, the PTM process has the potential for multiple phase levels using inexpensive optics similar to consumer-grade desktop Blu-ray writers. This PTM process could revolutionise holography for entertainment, industrial, and scientific applications.

  15. Development of a compact micro-stereolithography (MSTL) system using a Blu-ray optical pickup unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, a compact micro-stereolithography (MSTL) apparatus of tabletop size was designed and constructed using a Blu-ray optical pickup unit (OPU), which came from a commercial Blu-ray optical disk driver. This is the very first application of a Blu-ray OPU to a light source of a MSTL system. A three-axis stage was adopted to obtain 3D motions, and a simple optic system was added to extend the focal length of a Blu-ray OPU for avoiding the physical interference. A liquid photo-curable resin suitable for the system was recomposed by modifying previously reported one. Then, the fabrication characteristics were investigated by constructing single-line structures at varying parameters such as laser power, scan speed and aperture diameter. The cured depth and width of the single-line structures decreased as the irradiated energy, which is determined by laser power and scan speed, decreased. Interestingly, the result also showed that the aperture diameter can effectively control the aspect ratio of cured depth and width. The increase of aperture diameter brings about the decrease of cured depth and increase of cured width. Based on the results of single-line exposure experiment, various 3D micro-structures were successfully fabricated. From this study, it can be shown that the Blu-ray-based MSTL system and the resin are suitable for fabricating complicated 3D micro-structures with reproducibility. (paper)

  16. 钰德获BDA官方50GB Duel layer Blu-ray Disc认证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>预录光盘大厂钰德科技宣布获得BDA官方50GB Duel layer Blu-ray Disc认证,成为日商以外,亚洲第一家获得此一技术认证的生产制造商。钰德自去年积极拓展布建新世代蓝光产线,除已投入生产接单的BD-25产能外,亦率先拓建高阶双层BD-ROM 50G生产线,更

  17. Quantification of rolling circle amplified DNA using magnetic nanobeads and a Blu-ray optical pick-up unit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Donolato, Marco; Antunes, Paula Soares Martins; Gómez del a Torre, Teresa Zardán; Hwu, En-Te; Chen, Ching-Hsiu; Burger, Robert; Rizzi, Giovanni; Bosco, Filippo; Strømme, Maria; Boisen, Anja; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt

    2015-01-01

    bulky laboratory equipment. The presented device leverages on the advanced but low-cost technology of Blu-ray OPUs to provide a low-cost and high-performance magnetic bead-based readout of homogeneous bioassays. The device is highly flexible and we have demonstrated its use on microfluidic chambers in a...

  18. Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using a Blu-ray DVD pickup head

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Meng-Lin; Wang, Po-Hsun

    2014-03-01

    Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM) has been shown as a promising tool for label-free microvascular and single-cell imaging in clinical and bioscientific applications. However, most OR-PAM systems are realized by using a bulky laser for photoacoustic excitation. The large volume and high price of the laser may restrain the popularity of OR-PAM. In this study, we attempt to develop a compact, portable, and low cost OR-PAM based on a consumer Blu-ray (405 nm) DVD pickup head for label-free micro-vascular imaging and red-blood-cell related blood examination. According to the high optical absorption of the hemoglobin at 405 nm, the proposed OR-PAM has potential to be an alternative for the conventional optical microscopy in the examinations of hematological morphology for blood routine. We showed that the Blu-ray DVD pickup head owns the required laser energy and focusing optics for OR-PAM. The firmware of a Blu-ray DVD drive was modified to allow its pickup head to generate nano-second laser pulses with a tunable pulse repetition rate of >30 kHz and a tunable pulse width ranging from 10 to 30 ns. The laser beam was focused onto the target after passing through a transparent cover slide, and then aligned to be confocal with a 50-MHz focused ultrasonic transducer in forward mode. To keep the target on focus, a scan involving auto-tracking procedure was performed. The measured maximum achievable lateral resolution was 1 μm which was mainly limited by the minimum step size of the used motorized stage. A blood smear was imaged without any staining. The red blood cells were well resolved and the biconcave structure could be clearly visualized. In addition, to verify the in vivo imaging capability of the proposed OR-PAM, the micro-vasculature of a mouse ear was imaged without any contrast agent. The results showed that it performed better than a 200x digital optical microscope in terms of image contrast and vascular morphology. In summaries, the proposed OR

  19. Blu-ray disk lens as the objective of a miniaturized two-photon fluorescence microscope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Hsiang-Yu; Kuo, Wei-Cheng; Cheng, Yu-Hsiang; Yu, Che-Hang; Chia, Shih-Hsuan; Lin, Cheng-Yung; Chen, Jie-Shin; Tsai, Huai-Jen; Fedotov, Andrey B; Ivanov, Anatoly A; Zheltikov, Aleksei M; Sun, Chi-Kuang

    2013-12-16

    In this paper, we examine the performance of a Blu-ray disk (BD) aspheric lens as the objective of a miniaturized scanning nonlinear optical microscope. By combining a single 2D micro-electro mechanical system (MEMS) mirror as the scanner and with different tube lens pairs, the field of view (FOV) of the studied microscope varies from 59 μm × 93 μm up to 178 μm × 280 μm, while the corresponding lateral resolution varies from 0.6 μm to 2 μm for two-photon fluorescence (2PF) signals. With a 34/s video frame rate, in vivo dynamic observation of zebrafish heartbeat through 2PF of the excited green fluorescence protein (GFP) is demonstrated. PMID:24514733

  20. Blu-ray optomagnetic measurement based competitive immunoassay for Salmonella detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Bo; Bejhed, Rebecca S; Svedlindh, Peter; Strömberg, Mattias

    2016-03-15

    A turn-on competitive immunoassay using a low-cost Blu-ray optomagnetic setup and two differently sized magnetic particles (micron-sized particles acting as capture particles and nano-sized particles acting as detection particles) is here presented. For Salmonella detection, a limit of detection of 8×10(4)CFU/mL is achieved within a total assay time of 3h. The combination of a competitive strategy and an optomagnetic setup not only enables a turn-on read-out format, but also results in a sensitivity limit about a factor of 20 times lower than of volumetric magnetic stray field detection device based immunoassays. The improvement of sensitivity is enabled by the formation of immuno-magnetic aggregates providing steric hindrance protecting the interior binding sites from interaction with the magnetic nanoparticle labels. The formation of immuno-magnetic aggregates is confirmed by fluorescence microscopy. The system exhibits no visible cross-reaction with other common pathogenic bacteria, even at concentrations as high as 10(7)CFU/mL. Furthermore, we present results when using the setup for a qualitative and homogeneous biplex immunoassay of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium. PMID:26386328

  1. Integration of agglutination assay for protein detection in microfluidic disc using Blu-ray optical pickup unit and optical fluid scanning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uddin, Rokon; Burger, Robert; Donolato, Marco;

    2015-01-01

    We present a novel strategy for thrombin detection by combining a magnetic bead based agglutination assay and low-cost microfluidic disc. The detection method is based on an optomagnetic readout system implemented using a Blu-ray optical pickup unit (OPU) as main optoelectronic component. The ass...

  2. Mark formation modeling in optical rewritable recording

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brusche, J.H.; Segal, A.; Vuik, C.; Urbach, H.P.

    2006-01-01

    In optical rewritable recording media, such as the Blu-ray Disc, amorphous marks are formed on a crystalline background of a phase-change layer, by means of short, high power laser pulses. In order to improve this data storage concept, it is of great importance to understand the mark formation proce

  3. Characterization of nano recorded marks at different writing strategies on phase-change recording layer of optical disks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shih Kai; Lin, I. Chun; Tsai, Din Ping

    2006-05-01

    Conductive-atomic force microscopy has been successfully used for characterizing recorded marks on commercial digital versatile disk and Blu-ray disk. Nano recorded marks beyond diffraction limit are imaged with high spatial resolution and excellent contrast of conductivity. The smallest mark size resolved is around 23.5 nm which is limited by background spots around 18.5 nm. The results of different optical power and writing strategy on the size, shape, and close packed writing process of recorded marks clearly show the opto-thermal response of phase-change recording layer.

  4. Microstructures and Recording Mechanism of Mo/Si Bilayer Applied for Write-Once Blue Laser Optical Recording

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sin-Liang Ou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Mo/Si bilayer thin films were grown by magnetron sputtering and applied to write-once blu-ray disc (BD-R. The microstructures and optical storage properties of Mo/Si bilayer were investigated. From the temperature dependence of reflectivity measurement, it was revealed that a phase change occurred in the range of 255–425°C. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that the as-deposited film possessed Mo polycrystalline phase. The hexagonal MoSi2 and cubic Mo3Si phases appeared after annealing at 300 and 450°C, respectively. By measuring the optical reflectivity at a wavelength of 405 nm, the optical contrast of Mo/Si bilayer between as-deposited and 450°C-annealed states was evaluated to 25.8%. The optimum jitter value of 6.8% was obtained at 10.65 mW for 4× recording speed. The dynamic tests show that the Mo/Si bilayer has high potential in BD-R applications.

  5. Master of the House Blu-Ray

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tybjerg, Casper

    2014-01-01

    In this interview, produced by the Criterion Collection in 2014, Danish film historian Casper Tybjerg discusses how Master of the House went from being a popular stage play to a film, one that was a major stepping-stone in director Carl Theodor Dreyer's career.......In this interview, produced by the Criterion Collection in 2014, Danish film historian Casper Tybjerg discusses how Master of the House went from being a popular stage play to a film, one that was a major stepping-stone in director Carl Theodor Dreyer's career....

  6. Synthesis, thermal and optical properties of metal(II) complexes with a novel ligand derived from pyrazolone-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaoyi; Wu, Yiqun; Gu, Donghong; Gan, Fuxi

    2011-03-01

    Three novel metal(II) complexes, CoL2, NiL2 and CuL2 (L = (Z)-4-(2-(1,3-dimethyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-4(5H)-ylidene)hydrazinyl)-1,5-dimethyl-2-phenyl-1,2-dihydropyrazol-3-one were synthesized. Their structures were postulated based on elemental analyses, 1H NMR, ESI-MS, FT-IR spectra and UV-vis spectra. The effect of different central metal(II) ions on absorption bands of the metal(II) complexes in CHCl3 solutions was researched. The result indicates that the bathochromic shift is CuL2 > NiL2 > CoL2. The absorption properties of thin films and thermal stability of these complexes are also discussed. In addition, the optical constants (complex refractive index N= n+ ik) and thickness of the complex thin films on polished single-crystal silicon substrates were measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry. Results indicate that the metal(II) complexes would be a promising recording medium candidate for blu-ray recordable optical storage system due to good absorption at 405 nm, high thermal stability and sharp thermal decomposition, and a high n values of 1.35-1.45 and a low k values of 0.33-0.39.

  7. 茵栀黄注射液联合间歇蓝光治疗新生儿高胆红素血症疗效观察%Clinical efficacy of Yinzhihuang injection combined with intermittent blu-ray on neonatal hyperbilirubinemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玲; 蔡冠虎

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate clinical efficacy of Yinzhihuang injectin combined with intermittent blu-ray in treatment for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Methods: A total of 240 cases with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia were divided randomly into experimental group and control group by half. The experimental group was treated with Yinzhihuang injectin combined with intermittent blu-ray, while the control group was treated with intermittent blu-ray. The clinical efficacy,regression time of jaundice, the serum total bilirubin level (TBiL) and unconjugated bilirubin level (IBiL) were observed and compared between experimental group and control group. Results: The cure rate of the experimental group (92. 5%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (80. 73%) (X2= 7. 07, P<0. 05). The average regression time of jaundice of experimental group [(5. 23 + 2. 14) days] was significantly shorter than [(7. 18 + 2. 57)days] of the control group (t=6. 37, P<0. 05). After treatment, the serum TBiL and IBiL of experimental group and the control group were significantly reduced (P<0. 05); and the serum TBiL and IBiL of experimental group were significantly lower(P<0. 05). Conclusions: Yinzhihuang injection combined with intermittent blu-ray in the treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia can decrease the serum TBiL and IBiL fastly, reduce regression time of jaundice, and improve the clinical efficacy.%目的:观察茵栀黄注射液联合间歇蓝光治疗新生儿高胆红素血症的临床疗效.方法:240例确诊为为高胆红素血症的新生儿随机分为实验组和对照组,每组患儿120例.实验组采用茵栀黄注射液联合间歇蓝光治疗,对照组仅采用间歇蓝光治疗.观察实验组和对照组的临床疗效、皮肤黄疸消退时间以及血清总胆红素浓度(total bilirubin level,TBiL)、未结合胆红素浓度(Unconjugated bilirubin level,IBiL).结果:实验组治疗有效率为92.5%,对照组治疗有效率为80.73%,实验组治

  8. Measurement and Recording of Reflective Properties of Materials

    OpenAIRE

    Bálský, Marek; Habel, Jiří

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyse possibilities of measurement of reflective properties of materials used in the interior and to propose methods of recording of measured reflective properties of materials for calculation of multiple reflections in light scenes. One of the basic assumptions for definition of the appropriate methods of recording of measured reflective properties of materials is the analysis of input data and methods used for the calculation of multiple light reflections in co...

  9. Properties of Pliocene sedimentary geomagnetic reversal records from the Mediterranean

    OpenAIRE

    Linssen, J.H.

    1991-01-01

    In the history of the Earth the dipolar geomagnetic field has frequently reversed polarity. Though this property was already known early this century (Brunhes, 1906), nowadays the characteristics and the origin of polarity transitions are still largely unknown. The geomagnetic field and its variations are recorded in rocks as a natural remanent magnetization (NRM) during the formation of these rocks. The study of the NRM in sedimentary reversal records is the subject of this dissertation.

  10. Distributional Properties of Order Statistics and Record Statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Hamid Khan; Imtiyaz A. Shah

    2012-01-01

    Distributional properties of the order statistics, upper and lower records have been utilized to characterize distributions of interest. Further, one sided random dilation and contraction are utilized to obtain the distribution of non-adjacent ordered statistics and also their important deductions are discussed.

  11. A Scanning Hologram Recorded by Phase Conjugate Property of Nonlinear Crystals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zi-Liang, Ping; Dalsgaard, Erik

    1996-01-01

    A methode of recording a scanning hologram with phase conjugate property of nonlinear crystal is provided. The principle of recording, setup and experiments are given.......A methode of recording a scanning hologram with phase conjugate property of nonlinear crystal is provided. The principle of recording, setup and experiments are given....

  12. 78 FR 49420 - Parties Asked To Refresh the Record Regarding Property Records for Rate-of-Return Carriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... burdens for rate-of-return carriers by focusing on substantial assets and investments while maintaining..., particularly considering that rate-of-return carriers' rates are directly tied to the cost of their investment... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 32 Parties Asked To Refresh the Record Regarding Property Records for...

  13. 48 CFR 245.606-70 - Instructions for completing DD Form 1342, DoD Property Record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... completing DD Form 1342, DoD Property Record. 245.606-70 Section 245.606-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations... completing DD Form 1342, DoD Property Record. (a) The contractor shall list excess industrial plant equipment (IPE) on DD Form 1342, DoD Property Record, and submit it to the Government property administrator...

  14. The oxidation and magnetic properties of MP recording media particles

    OpenAIRE

    Hutchings, J A; O'Grady, K

    2000-01-01

    MP recording media pigments have been subjected to elevated temperatures of 180(C in air at various rates of heating from room temperature. It has been found that the rate of heating of these particles determines the final oxide which the particles form. Analysis of the switching field distribution (SFD) of such particles before and after oxidation shows a broadening of the SFD to lower switching fields. A comparative analysis with X-ray spectra performed on the oxidized particles indicates t...

  15. NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Ocean Near Surface Atmospheric Properties

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA Ocean Surface Bundle (OSB) Climate Data Record (CDR) consist of three parts: sea surface temperature, near-surface atmospheric properties, and heat fluxes....

  16. Properties of Pliocene sedimentary geomagnetic reversal records from the Mediterranean

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Linssen, J.H.

    1991-01-01

    In the history of the Earth the dipolar geomagnetic field has frequently reversed polarity. Though this property was already known early this century (Brunhes, 1906), nowadays the characteristics and the origin of polarity transitions are still largely unknown. The geomagnetic field and its variatio

  17. Image density property of optical information recording microcapsule material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Weidong; Li, Xiaowei; Li, Xinzheng; Fu, Guangsheng

    2009-05-01

    The microcapsules can act as novel optical functional material in which the optical recording substance such as color-forming substance, photoinitiator and prepolymer are encapsulated. In this paper, the microcapsules with average particle diameter of 300nm are prepared with interfacial polymerization method. The optical responding character of the microcapsule is analyzed based on IR spectra and image density technique. Results show that the microcapsule material encapsulated prepolymer TMPTA and photoinitiator Irgacure-ITX, TPO has thermal phase-change at 140°C, at which the penetrability of the microcapsule has the highest efficiency. With the increase of exposure time, the reduction in absorption intensities of the prepolymer TMPTA are observed at 1635cm-1 of C=C stretching and 898cm-1 of C-H stretching on the C=C molecular bond. Such a result can be ascribed to the double bond cleavage process of the prepolymer TMPTA is initiated by the optical-exposed photoinitiator, and superpolymer network is formed. The image density contrast between the unexposed and exposed microcapsule is enhanced with exposure time increased.

  18. Transport properties of pseudospin-1 photons (Presentation Recording)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Che Ting; Fang, Anan; Zhang, Zhao-Qing; Louie, Steven G.

    2015-09-01

    Pseudospin is of central importance in governing many unusual transport properties of graphene and other artificial systems which have pseudospins of 1/2. These unconventional transport properties are manifested in phenomena such as Klein tunneling, and collimation of electron beams in one-dimensional external potentials. Here we show that in certain photonic crystals (PCs) exhibiting conical dispersions at the center of Brillouin zone, the eigenstates near the "Dirac-like point" can be described by an effective spin-orbit Hamiltonian with a pseudospin of 1. This effective Hamiltonian describes within a unified framework the wave propagations in both positive and negative refractive index media which correspond to the upper and lower conical bands respectively. Different from a Berry phase of π for the Dirac cone of pseudospin-1/2 systems, the Berry phase for the Dirac-like cone turns out to be zero from this pseudospin-1 Hamiltonian. In addition, we found that a change of length scale of the PC can shift the Dirac-like cone rigidly up or down in frequency with its group velocity unchanged, hence mimicking a gate voltage in graphene and allowing for a simple mechanism to control the flow of pseudospin-1 photons. As a photonic analogue of electron potential, the length-scale induced Dirac-like point shift is effectively a photonic potential within the effective pseudospin-1 Hamiltonian description. At the interface of two different potentials, the 3-component spinor gives rise to distinct boundary conditions which do not require each component of the wave function to be continuous, leading to new wave transport behaviors as shown in Klein tunneling and supercollimation. For examples, the Klein tunneling of pseudospin-1 photons is much less anisotropic with reference to the incident angle than that of pseudospin-1/2 electrons, and collimation can be more robust with pseudospin-1 than pseudospin-1/2. The special wave transport properties of pseudospin-1 photons

  19. Polarization properties of four-wave interaction in dynamic recording material based on bacteriorhodopsin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korchemskaya, Ellen Y.; Soskin, Marat S.

    1994-10-01

    The polarization properties of four-wave interaction on polymer films with bacteriorhodopsin that possess anisotropically saturating nonlinearity are studied both theoretically and experimentally. The amplitude and the polarization of the diffracted wave for recording material with anisotropically saturating nonlinearity are calculated. Low saturation intensity allows the operation of the polarization of low-intensity signals to be realized. It is shown that control of the diffractive wave polarization is possible only with the variation of the light recording intensity.

  20. Postnatal maturational properties of rat parafascicular thalamic neurons recorded in vitro

    OpenAIRE

    PHELAN, K.D.; Mahler, H.R.; DEERE, T.; CROSS, C.B.; GOOD, C.; Garcia-Rill, E.

    2005-01-01

    Thalamic relay neurons have homogeneous, adult-like firing properties and similar morphology by 12 days postnatally (PN 12). Parafascicular (Pf) neurons have a different morphology compared with typical thalamic relay neurons, but the development of their electrophysiological properties is not well studied. Intracellular recordings in PN 12–50 Pf neurons revealed several heterogeneous firing patterns different from those in thalamic relay neurons. Two types of cells were identified: Type I ce...

  1. The problems of accounting the records of intellectual property rights in intangible assets of Ukrainian enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    T. Hruzdova

    2014-01-01

    The current state of intangible assets on the balance sheets of Ukrainian companies, which makes it possible to detect low levels of the commercialization of intellectual property, has been analyzed. The article is characterized the basic problems in accounting the records of intellectual property rights in intangible assets, which are associated with low inventive activity; insufficient number of professionals who are fluent in the principles of technology commercialization; problem of the e...

  2. Spectral, Thermal and Green-Light Static Recording Properties of Nickel Phthalocynine Thin Film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yi-Qun; Wang, Yang; Gu, Dong-Hong; Gan, Fu-Xi

    2003-04-01

    We study the absorption and transmission spectra, the thermal stability and the green-light (514.5 nm) static optical recording properties of nickel phthalocyanine (NiPc) thin film. It is found that this film occupies suitable absorption and transmission properties, excellent thermal stability (decomposition point > 600°C) and outstanding thermal decomposition characteristics (weight loss in one step decomposition >60%) for green-light (514.5 nm) optical recording. High reflectivity contrast (>50%) was obtained at low writing power (5 mW) and short writing pulse-width (100 ns) using an Ar+ laser (514.5 nm) irradiation. Compared with azo in polymer films, the subphthalocyanine film and Sb-Te-Based phase change films, the NiPc film has better green-light static recording properties. These results indicate that metal phthalocyanine is not only a qualified material for near infrared optical recording but also a promising recording medium candidate for green-light DVD-R.

  3. 48 CFR 245.7206 - Transmitting DD Form 1342, DoD Property Record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transmitting DD Form 1342... Instructions 245.7206 Transmitting DD Form 1342, DoD Property Record. As a minimum, the plant clearance officer will provide the following information in a letter forwarding DD Forms 1342 to DSCR— (a) Number of...

  4. Blu-ray based optomagnetic aptasensor for detection of small molecules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Jaeyoung; Donolato, Marco; Pinto, Alessandro;

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes an aptamer-based optomagnetic biosensor for detection of a small molecule based on target binding-induced inhibition of magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) clustering. For the detection of a target small molecule, two mutually exclusive binding reactions (aptamer-target binding and...... aptamer-DNA linker hybridization) are designed. An aptamer specific to the target and a DNA linker complementary to a part of the aptamer sequence are immobilized onto separate MNPs. Hybridization of the DNA linker and the aptamer induces formation of MNP clusters. The target-to-aptamer binding on MNPs...

  5. CD, DVD, and Blu-Ray Disc Diffraction with a Laser Ray Box

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeWeerd, Alan J.

    2016-01-01

    A compact disc (CD) can be used as a diffraction grating, even though its track consists of a series of pits, not a continuous groove. Previous authors described how to measure the track spacing on a CD using an incident laser beam normal to the surface or one at an oblique angle. In both cases, the diffraction pattern was projected on a screen…

  6. Spectral, Thermal and Green-Light Static Recording Properties of Nickel Phthalocynine Thin Film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴谊群; 王阳; 顾冬红; 干福熹

    2003-01-01

    We study the absorption and transmission spectra, the thermal stability and the green-light (514.5nm) staticoptical recording properties of nickel phthalocyanine (NiPc) thin film. It is found that this film occupies suit-able absorption and transmission properties, excellent thermal stability (decomposition point > 600°C) andoutstanding thermal decomposition characteristics (weight loss in one step decomposition > 60%) for green-light(514.5nm) optical recording. High reflectivity contrast (> 50%) was obtained at low writing power (5mW) andshort writing pulse-width (100ns) using an Ar+ laser (514.5nm) irradiation. Compared with azo in polymerfilms, the subphthalocyanine film and Sb-Te-Based phase change films, the NiPc film has better green-light staticrecording properties. These results indicate that metal phthalocyanine is not only a qualified material for nearinfrared optical recording but also a promising recording medium candidate for green-light DVD-R.

  7. Magnetic properties of soft layer/FePt-MgO exchange coupled composite Perpendicular recording media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Jin-Hua; Takao Suzuki; Pan Li-Qing

    2008-01-01

    The magnetic properties of exchange coupled composite(ECC)media that are composed of perpendicular magnetic recording media FePt-MgO and two kinds of soft layers have been studied by using an x-ray diffractometer,a polar Kerr magneto-optical system(PMOKE)and a vibrating sample magnetometer(VSM).The results show that ECC media can reduce the coercivities of perpendicular magnetic recording media FePt-MgO.The ECC media with granular-type soft layers have weaker exchange couplings between magnetic grains and the magnetization process,for ECC media of this kind mainly follow the Stoner-Wohlfarth model.

  8. Development of an Algorithm for MODIS and VIIRS Cloud Optical Property Data Record Continuity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, K.; Platnick, S. E.; Ackerman, S. A.; Heidinger, A. K.; Holz, R.; Wind, G.; Amarasinghe, N.; Marchant, B.

    2015-12-01

    The launch of Suomi NPP in the fall of 2011 began the next generation of U.S. operational polar orbiting environmental observations. Similar to MODIS, the VIIRS imager provides visible through IR observations at moderate spatial resolution with a 1330 LT equatorial crossing consistent with MODIS on the Aqua platform. However, unlike MODIS, VIIRS lacks key water vapor and CO2 absorbing channels used by the MODIS cloud algorithms for high cloud detection and cloud-top property retrievals. In addition, there is a significant change in the spectral location of the 2.1μm shortwave-infrared channel used by MODIS for cloud optical/microphysical retrievals. Given the instrument differences between MODIS EOS and VIIRS S-NPP/JPSS, we discuss our adopted method for merging the 15+ year MODIS observational record with VIIRS in order to generate cloud optical property data record continuity across the observing systems. The optical property retrieval code uses heritage algorithms that produce the existing MODIS cloud optical and microphysical properties product (MOD06). As explained in other presentations submitted to this session, the NOAA AWG/CLAVR-x cloud-top property algorithm and a common MODIS-VIIRS cloud mask feed into the optical property algorithm to account for the different channel sets of the two imagers. Data granule and aggregated examples for the current version of the algorithm will be shown.

  9. Diversity of Polypore Bracket Mushrooms, Polyporales (Agaricomycetes), Recorded in Armenia and Their Medicinal Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badalyan, Susanna M; Gharibyan, Narine G

    2016-01-01

    The list of polypore bracket mushrooms (Polyporales) recorded in Armenia is presented. The order Polyporales in Armenia is currently represented by 87 species (4 varieties) belonging to 47 genera. Information regarding the study of the medicinal properties (e.g., antifungal, antibacterial, mitogenic, regenerative, antioxidant, proteolytic) of genetically identified mycelial collections of several polypore species-mainly from the genera Daedalea, Fomes, Fomitopsis, Ganoderma, Laetiporus, Piptoporus, Polyporus, and Trametes-is reported, as well. PMID:27481301

  10. Record Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Record Club

    2012-01-01

      Les nouveautés du mois de mars sont à présent disponible au club. Nous avons acheté 42 DVD et 10 CD. Dans les DVD, vous trouverez l’intégrale des dessins animés de Tintin ainsi que le film réalisé par Steven Spielberg et Peter Jackson ; des comédies avec les 2 films de « la nouvelle guerre des boutons » et aussi Johnny English 2, Bad Teacher et Very Bad Trip 2 (disponible en DVD et en Blu-Ray) ; de la science-fiction avec Captain America, Real Steel, la planète des singes et quelques classiques comme les dents de la mer de Spielberg et les affranchis de Scorsese. Coté CD, l’album de Lana Del Rey, le nouvel album de Paul McCartney et celui de Amy Winehouse. Toutes les nouveautés sont à découvrir directement au club. Pour en connaître la liste complète ainsi que le reste de la collec...

  11. The evolution of property rights: The strange case of Iceland’s health records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thráinn Eggertsson

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In her path-breaking work, Elinor Ostrom provides theoretical and empirical evidence suggesting that individuals often overcome the problem of collective action and arrange privately for the provision and allocation of public goods, including informal property rights. Ostrom has also found that local experimentation and self-governance often produce more effective results than rulemaking by the state. In his Coase Theorem, Ronald Coase arrives at a somewhat similar conclusion. Ostrom and Coase both recognize that high transaction costs can block private rule making. The new literature on institutions, however, has jettisoned the model of a benevolent welfare maximizing state: The state does not as a rule assign the license to create property rights to those who are most likely to provide efficient solutions. Still, private individuals often find various opportunities to supply their own informal rules and governance systems. In this paper, I examine recent evolution of property rights in Iceland’s national health records. My findings a support the hypothesis that the demand for exclusive and well-defined property rights depends directly on the value of the assets in question; b show that de facto rights, which are the effective economic property rights, can deviate from the corresponding de jure rights; c demonstrate the relevance of the Coase-Ostrom insight concerning the role of private ordering; and d provide evidence that competition between mental models can have a major role in the evolution of property rights.

  12. Ab initio calculations of the optical properties of crystalline and liquid InSb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ab initio calculations of the electronic and optical properties of InSb were performed for both the crystalline and liquid states. Two sets of atomic structure models for liquid InSb at 900 K were obtained by ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. To reduce the effect of structural peculiarities in the liquid models, an averaging of the two sets of the calculated electronic and optical properties corresponding to the two liquid models was performed. The calculated results indicate that, owing to the phase transition from crystal to liquid, the density of states around the Fermi level increases. As a result, the energy band gap opening near the Fermi level disappears. Consequently, the optical properties change from semiconductor to metallic behavior. Namely, owing to the melting of InSb, the interband transition peaks disappear and a Drude-like dispersion is observed in the optical dielectric functions. The optical absorption at a photon energy of 3.06 eV, which is used in Blu-ray Disc systems, increases owing to the melting of InSb. This increase in optical absorption is proposed to result from the increased optical transitions below 2 eV

  13. Size-dependent optical imaging properties of high-index immersed microsphere lens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Minglei; Ye, Yong-Hong; Hou, Jinglei; Du, Bintao

    2016-03-01

    The imaging properties of high-index immersed microsphere lenses in the diameter range of 5-300 µm are experimentally studied. Our experimental results show that shifting the focal plane of the objective lens can result in different optical properties. When light beams generated from the objective lens are focused near the low surface of the microsphere lens, interference rings can be observed by a conventional optical microscopy, and its diameter and ring number increase with the diameter of microspheres, which can be similarly described by conventional wave optics. When the focal plane of the objective lens is further turned down about several microns, the Blu-ray disk with sub-wavelength structures can be discerned with a magnification up to 4.5 × and field of view up to 14 µm. The image contrast and resolution decrease as the microsphere diameter increases. Calculations of the electric field distributions indicate that the "photonic nanojet" induced by the microsphere performs an important role in sub-wavelength imaging. The surrounding medium can be expected to improve the formation of both the sub-wavelength images and the interference rings. Our studies will help the understanding of the imaging mechanisms in microsphere lenses.

  14. Optoelectronic properties and holographic optical recording of a dithienylperfluorocyclopentene compound having two phenanthryl units

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A phenanthrenyl-substituted diarylethene derivative (1,2-bis[5-phenanthryl-2-methylthiophen-3-yl] perfluorocyclopentene, Ph-BMTFP) has been synthesized and its optoelectronic properties have been investigated. The photochromic reactivity of Ph-BMTFP was examined in hexane solution as well as in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) amorphous film. Upon irradiation with 313 nm UV light, the colorless solution turned purple, in which a visible absorption band was observed at 555 nm. In PMMA film, the new broad absorption band at λ max = 580 nm appeared when it was irradiated by 313 nm UV light. The compound exhibited good fluorescence in hexane solution and its fluorescence intensity decreased along with the photochromic reactivity upon irradiation with 313 nm UV light. This property could be potentially applied to high-density optical memory with fluorescence readout method. The holographic optical storage was performed successfully using Ph-BMTFP as the recording medium and polarization multiplexing holograms recording can effectively increase the information storage capacity of the holographic data storage

  15. Annealing effect on magnetic property and recording performance of [FePt/MgO]n perpendicular magnetic recording media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Granular-type FePt perpendicular magnetic recording media with (001)-texture, obtained by annealing FePt/MgO multilayer films, are fabricated onto 2.5-in glass discs. For the sake of spin-stand testing, the coercivity of FePt films is carefully modulated by controlling the annealing conditions. With annealing, exchange coupling between FePt grains is decreased, indicated by the reductions in α value and activation volume. FePt ordering process is dependent on initial FePt/MgO multilayer structures, which governs the optimum annealing condition regarding coercivities and α(=4π(dM/dH)H=Hc). The SNR ratio exhibits a sensitive dependence on initial FePt/MgO multilayer structures as well as annealing conditions

  16. Thickness dependence of structural,magnetic properties and reversal mechanism of Co Cr Ta/Cr longitudinal recording media

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kim, P.L.; Lodder, J.C.

    2002-01-01

    In this paper,a series of five samples of X nm Co Cr Ta/100 nm Cr (X 10 2 100 nm) longitudinal recording media was studied.The relationships between structural, magnetic properties and the reversal mechanism were investigated and discussed.It was found that the maximums of coercivity and squarenesse

  17. Magnetic properties of Fe-Mn-Pt for heat assisted magnetic recording applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jihoon; Hong, Yang-Ki, E-mail: ykhong@eng.ua.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and MINT Center, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States); Kim, Seong-Gon [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Computational Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi 39792 (United States); Gao, Li; Thiele, Jan-Ulrich [Seagate Technology LLC, 47050 Kato Road, Fremont, California 94538 (United States)

    2015-02-07

    We calculate the electronic structures of FePt and Fe{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 0.5}Pt using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory within the local-spin-density approximation. The Curie temperature (T{sub c}) was calculated by mean field approximation. Composition dependence of the Cure temperature (T{sub c}(x)) of Fe{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x}Pt was used to identify a composition to meet the desired T{sub c} in the range of 600–650 K. The identified composition (0.0294 ≤ x ≤ 0.0713) gives saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) in the range of 1041–919 emu/cm{sup 3} and magnetocrystalline anisotropy constant (K) in the range of 9.96–8.36 × 10{sup 6 }J/m{sup 3} at 0 K. Temperature dependent M(T) and K(T) of Fe{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x}Pt (0.0294 ≤ x ≤ 0.0713) were calculated using the Brillouin function and Callen-Callen experimental relation, respectively. Fe{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x}Pt (0.0294 ≤ x ≤ 0.0713) shows 930–800 emu/cm{sup 3} of M{sub s} and 7.18–5.61 × 10{sup 6 }J/m{sup 3} of K at 300 K, thereby satisfying desired magnetic properties for heat-assisted magnetic recording media to achieve 4 Tb/in.{sup 2} areal density.

  18. Private Use, Private Property and Public Policy: Home Recording and Reproduction of Protected Works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladd, David

    This discussion of the difficulties of protecting copyright for audio and video recordings focuses on the application of the 1976 Copyright Act and the Fair Use principle to educational off-air taping and private home recording. Court cases such as Encyclopedia Britannica Educational Corporation versus Crooks and Universal Studios, et al. versus…

  19. Short-Wavelength Recording Properties of TeOx Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Qing-Hui; GU Dong-Hong; GAN Fu-Xi

    2004-01-01

    @@ We prepare TeOx thin films by vacuum evaporation of TeO2 powder. It is found that the as-deposited TeOx films can represent a two-component system comprising crystalline tellurium particles dispersed in an amorphous TeO2 matrix. Results of the static recording test show that the TeOx films have good writing sensitivity for shortwavelength laser beam (514.5nm). Primary results of the dynamic recording test at 514.5nm are also reported.The carrier-to-noise ratio of 30dB is obtained for the disc using a TeOx film as the recording medium. Atomic force microscopy is used to study the microstructure of recorded marks. Micro-area morphology images show that the marks are mechanically deformed, and depressions and bulges have been imaged in the recorded marks,resulting in the scattering of the reading laser beam. The analytical results of transmission electron microscopy show that there is not obvious difference between the phase states of the tellurium particles before and after laser irradiation. Recording mechanisms of the TeOx thin films are discussed based on the experimental results.

  20. 78 FR 36573 - Certain Digital Media Devices, Including Televisions, Blu-Ray Disc Players, Home Theater Systems...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-18

    ... section 337, and are the parties upon which the complaint is to be served: Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd., 1320-10, Seocho 2-dong Seocho-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Samsung Electronics America, Inc., 105 Challenger Road, Ridgefield Park, New Jersey 02660; Samsung Telecommunications America, LLC, 1301...

  1. 76 FR 77014 - Certain Blu-Ray Disc Players; Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-09

    ...; Pioneer Corporation of Japan; Pioneer Electronics (USA) Inc. of Long Beach, CA; Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. of South Korea; Samsung Electronics America, Inc. of Ridgefield Park, NJ; Sharp Corporation of... Mahwah, NJ; Funai Electric Co., Ltd. of Japan; Funai Corporation, Inc. of Rutherford, NJ; Haier...

  2. 78 FR 29156 - Certain Digital Media Devices, Including Televisions, Blu-Ray Disc Players, Home Theater Systems...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-17

    ... can be accessed on the Commission's Electronic Document Information System (EDIS) at EDIS \\1\\, and..., telephone (202) 205-2000. \\1\\ Electronic Document Information System (EDIS): http://edis.usitc.gov . General... the Commission's Electronic Document Information System (EDIS) at EDIS \\3\\. Hearing-impaired...

  3. 77 FR 1725 - Certain Blu-Ray Disc Players, Components Thereof and Products Containing Same; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... Entertainment, Inc., 1-7-1 Konan, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0075, Japan. Sony Corporation of America, 1550 Madison... Entertainment, America LLC, 919 East Hillsdale Boulevard, Foster City, CA 94404. ] Toshiba Corporation,...

  4. 78 FR 3916 - Certain Blu-Ray Disc Players, Components Thereof and Products Containing the Same; Termination of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-17

    ... infringement of certain claims of U.S. Patent No. 6,263,505. 77 FR 1725 (Jan. 11, 2012). The notice of... Corporation and Sony Computer Entertainment Inc., both of Tokyo, Japan; Sony Corporation of America of New York, New York; Sony Electronics Inc. of San Diego, California; and Sony Computer Entertainment...

  5. A magnetic nanoparticle-clustering biosensor for blu-ray based optical detection of small-molecules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Jaeyoung; Donolato, Marco; Antunes, Paula Soares Martins;

    2014-01-01

    through an MNP-solution (Fig. 2) reveal that the 2nd harmonic component of the signal is related to the frequency of Brownian relaxation dynamics of MNPs induced by alternating magnetic field. Following measurement characterization (Fig. 3) and analyte-control experiments (Fig. 4), we demonstrated the ATP...

  6. Automated estimation of seabed properties from acoustic recordings by an autonomous moving system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dosso, Stan; Dettmer, Jan; Holland, Charles; Mandolesi, Eric

    2016-04-01

    This work develops an automated Bayesian method to infer fluid seabed properties as a function of depth along tracks that are surveyed by an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). The AUV tows an acoustic source and a 32-element array. The source bandwidth is from 950 to 3000 Hz and frequency-modulated signals are emitted at regular intervals ('pings') as the AUV moves along the track. The recordings of each ping are processed to account for source directionality and reflection coefficients as a function of frequency and grazing angle are extracted by taking the ratio of time-windowed direct and bottom-interacted paths. Each ping provides one data set. This process results in large data volumes with an information content that is much higher than for traditional seismic profiling. However, extracting interpretable results about the lateral and vertical spatial variability of the seabed requires sophisticated and efficient inversion methods. The seabed is approximated as a horizontally stratified, lossy fluid for each ping. Each layer is homogeneous and parametrized by a thickness, velocity, density and attenuation. Since both source and array are towed close to the seabed, a plane-wave approximation is not sufficient to model these data and spherical reflection coefficients must be computed to predict data. Therefore, for each specular angle at each frequency, the Sommerfeld integral is solved efficiently by massively parallel implementation of Levin integration on a graphics processing unit (GPU). The inverse problem is strongly non-linear and requires application of Bayesian sampling to quantify parameter uncertainties. To account for the unknown number of layers in the seabed at each ping, the seabed is parametrized by a trans-dimensional (trans-D) model which treats the number of layers as unknown. To constrain model complexity and improve efficiency, we apply a Poisson prior with even-numbered order statistics to the number of layers. The trans-D model is

  7. Magnetic properties and noise characteristics of Co/Pd multilayer perpendicular magnetic recording media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Co/Pd multilayer perpendicular magnetic recording media, a granular seed layer and the addition of boron and oxygen are effective for reducing medium noise. In a recording system using a conventional ring-shaped head and a perpendicular medium without a soft magnetic underlayer, precise control of the write-current waveform is important to minimize medium noise. Low noise, low non-linear transition and no signal decay are observed for the Co-B-O/Pd-B-O multilayer with an Au-SiO2 seedlayer

  8. IDENTIFICATION OF FREE-FIELD SOIL PROPERTIES USING NUPEC RECORDED GROUND MOTIONS.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, J.; Costantino, C.; Hofmayer, C.; Murphy, A.; Chokshi, N.; Kitada, Y.

    2001-03-22

    Over the past twenty years, the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) of Japan has conducted a series of field model test programs to investigate various aspects of soil-structure interaction (SSI) effects on nuclear power plant structures, including embedment and dynamic structure-soil-structure interaction (SSSI) effects. As part of a collaborative agreement between the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and NUPEC, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) performed a numerical analysis to predict the free field soil profile using industry standard methods and the recorded free field responses to actual earthquake events. This paper describes the BNL free-field analyses, including the methods and the analysis results and their comparison to recorded data in the free field. The free-field soil profiles determined from the BNL analyses are being used for both the embedment and SSSI studies, the results of which will be made available upon their completion.

  9. PEDOT-CNT composite microelectrodes for recording and electrostimulation applications: fabrication, morphology and electrical properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramona Gerwig

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Composites of carbon nanotubes and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT and layers of PEDOT are deposited onto microelectrodes by electropolymerization of ethylenedioxythiophene in the presence of a suspension of carbon nanotubes and polystyrenesulfonate. Analysis by FIB and SEM demonstrate that CNT-PEDOT composites exhibit a porous morphology whereas PEDOT layers are more compact. Accordingly, capacitance and charge injection capacity of the composite material exceed those of pure PEDOT layers. In vitro cell culture experiments reveal excellent biocompatibility and mechanical stability of both PEDOT and PEDOT-CNT electrodes. Signals recorded from heart muscle cells demonstrate the high S/N ratio achievable with these electrodes. Long-term pulsing experiments confirm stability of charge injection capacity. In conclusion, a robust fabrication procedure for composite PEDOT-CNT electrodes is demonstrated and results show that these electrodes are well suited for stimulation and recording in cardiac and neurophysiological research.

  10. Do Electrode Properties Create a Problem in Interpreting Local Field Potential Recordings?

    OpenAIRE

    Nelson, Matthew J.; Pouget, Pierre

    2010-01-01

    Local field potential (LFP) recordings within the brain have become an important tool used by neuroscientists to make inferences about the activity of a population of cells near an electrode. Each passing year analysis of LFPs in neuroscience seems to bring important new insights on the possible workings of networks in the brain to produce behavior (Buschman and Miller 2007; Canolty et al. 2006; Gregoriou et al. 2009; Liu and Newsome 2006; Lubenov and Siapas 2009; Pesaran et al. 2008; W...

  11. Thermal annealing effect on fission fragment track recording properties of polycarbonate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polycarbonate Track Detector is a commonly used Solid State Nuclear Track Detector (SSNTD) to identify the fission fragment. The phenomenon of spontaneous fission was discussed in papers. The most useful polycarbonate track detector Makrofol-N for recording fission tracks was used. This detector is insensitive to detect the light particles background such as alpha particle, proton etc. The present paper deals with the study of thermal annealing and the mass distribution of 252Cf fission fragments using unannealed and annealed Makrofol-N detectors

  12. Magnetic and structural properties of Co-Pt perpendicular recording media with large magnetic anisotropy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Co-Pt film with large magnetic anisotropy at room temperature deposition was studied in terms of magnetic and structural properties. A high Ar gas pressure deposition of the Co-Pt film with a high crystal orientation could realize excellent magnetic properties such as a high perpendicular coercivity and a large magnetic anisotropy. This deposition technique of the Co-Pt film could form physically isolated and magnetically weak coupled grains. Magnetization reversal mechanism of the Co-Pt film deposited at a high Ar gas pressure was revealed to be a rotational mode, while the Co-Pt film deposited at low gas pressure seemed to be a magnetic domain wall motion

  13. Intrinsic properties of mouse lumbar motoneurons revealed by intracellular recording in vivo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meehan, Claire Francesca; Sukiasyan, Natalya; Zhang, Mengliang; Nielsen, Jens Bo; Hultborn, Hans

    2010-01-01

    : 13 +/- 5.7 Hz/nA). Signs of activation of persistent inward currents (PICs) were seen, such as accelerations of firing frequency or jumps in the membrane potential with increasing amounts of injected current. It is likely that the particular anesthetic regime with a mixture of Hypnorm and midazolam...... is essential for the possibility to evoke PICs. The data demonstrate that mouse spinal motoneurons share many of the same properties that have been demonstrated previously for cat, rat, and human motoneurons. The shorter AHP duration, steeper f-I slopes, and higher F(min) and F(max) than those in...

  14. Comparison of media properties between hard/soft stacked composite and capping layer perpendicular recording media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of soft layer thickness (tSoft) of CoTaZr-SiO2 and low Pt-containing CoCrPtO layers on media properties in hard/soft (H/S) stacked media is compared to media properties in conventional capping layer (CL) media. Coercivity and coercivity squareness in H/S stacked media continuously decrease with increasing tSoft, while they increase in CL media. H/S stacked media with CoTaZr-SiO2 layers having higher saturation magnetization and in-plane magnetic anisotropy constant exhibit stronger demagnetization effect. Compared to CL media, H/S stacked media with CoCrPtO soft layers improve signal-to-noise ratio and magnetic write width. However, the use of a relatively soft layer deteriorates adjacent track erasure and does not improve media writeability due to compensation effect between softer and harder layers to be used. These phenomena can be understood as undesirable side effects of a soft layer: higher demagnetization field and larger lattice mismatch

  15. Noise, fluctuations, and nonlinear mechanical properties of living cells (Presentation Recording)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ou-Yang, H. Daniel; Wei, Ming Tzo; Vavylonis, Dimitrios; Jedlicka, Sabrina

    2015-08-01

    Living cells are a non-equilibrium mechanical system, largely because intracellular molecular motors consume chemical energy to generate forces that reorganize and maintain cytoskeletal functions. Persistently under tension, the network of cytoskeletal proteins exhibits a nonlinear mechanical behavior where the network stiffness increases with intracellular tension. We examined the nonlinear mechanical properties of living cells by characterizing the differential stiffness of the cytoskeletal network for HeLa cells under different intracellular tensions. Combining optical tweezer-based active and passive microrheology methods, we measured non-thermal fluctuating forces and found them to be much larger than the thermal fluctuating force. From the variations of differential stiffness caused by the fluctuating non-thermal force for cells under different tension, we obtained a master curve describing the differential stiffness as a function of the intracellular tension. Varying the intracellular tension by treating cells with drugs that alter motor protein activities we found the differential stiffness follows the same master curve that describes intracellular stiffness as a function of intracellular tension. This observation suggests that cells can regulate their mechanical properties by adjusting intracellular tension.

  16. Optical property tuning of bismuth chalcogenides using chemical intercalation (Presentation Recording)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Jie

    2015-10-01

    Two-dimensional (2D) materials with natural layer structures have been proven to provide extraordinary physical and chemical properties. Bismuth chalcogenides are examples of such two-dimensional materials. They are strongly bonded within layers and weak van der Waals interaction ties those layers together. Such naturally layered structure allows chemical intercalation of foreign atoms into the van der Waals gaps. Here, we show that by adding large number of copper atoms into van der Waals gaps of bismuth chalcogenides, we observed counter-intuitive enhancement of optical transparency together with improved electrical conductivity, which is on the contrary to most bulk materials in which doping reduces the light transmission. This surprising behavior is caused by substantial tuning of material optical property and nanophotonic anti-reflection effect unique to ultra-thin nanoplates. With the intercalation of copper atoms, large number of electrons have been added into the semiconducting material system and effectively lift the Fermi level of the resulting material to its conduction band, as proved by our densityfunctional- theory computations. Occupied lower states in the conduction band do not allow the optical excitation of electrons in the valence band to the bottom of the conduction band, leading to an effective widening of optical band gap. Optical transmission is further enhanced by constructive interference of reflected beams as bismuth chalcogenides have large permittivity than the environment. The synergy of these two effects in two-dimensional nanostructures can be exploited for various optoelectronic applications including transparent electrode. The reversible intercalation process allows potential dynamic tuning capability.

  17. Humidity and temperature effect on properties of transmission gratings recorded in PVA/AA-based photopolymer layers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper explores the effects of humidity on gratings recorded in a polyvinylalcohol–acrylamide photopolymer medium. Investigation of the behaviour of transmission gratings exposed to high humidity is of significant interest for two reasons, firstly because the grating’s sensitivity to humidity can be exploited for the development of irreversible humidity indicators, secondly because too much sensitivity to humidity can limit the use of these materials in applications where an environmentally stable hologram is needed. In this paper we focus on the effect of high humidity on the properties of volume phase transmission gratings recorded in PVA/AA photopolymer layers in the temperature range 8–24 ° C. It has been found that although exposure to humidity changes the diffraction efficiency and Bragg angle of gratings, the effects are fully reversible if the temperatures are kept low. For example, when gratings were subjected to relative humidities of 80% and 90% at a temperature of 8 ° C the observed changes were fully reversible. However, irreversible changes in diffraction efficiency, thickness, refractive index modulation and Bragg angle were observed when the temperature during the humidity exposure was higher than 16 ° C. The magnitude of the irreversible changes depends strongly on the ambient temperature during the humidity exposure, the humidity level and also on the duration of the humidity exposure. (paper)

  18. Optical nanoscopy to reveal structural and functional properties of liver cells (Presentation Recording)

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCourt, Peter; Huser, Thomas R.; Sørensen, Karen K.; Øie, Cristina I.; Mönkemöller, Viola; Ahluwalia, Balpreet S.

    2015-08-01

    The advent of optical nanoscopy has provided an opportunity to study fundamental properties of nanoscale biological functions, such as liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSEC) and their fenestrations. The fenestrations are nano-pores (50-200 nm) on the LSEC plasma membrane that allow free passage of molecules through cells. The fenestrated LSEC also hase a voracious appetite for waste molecules, viruses and nanoparticles. LSEC daily remove huge amounts of waste, nanoparticles and virus from the blood. Pharmaceuticals also need to pass through these fenestrations to be activated (e.g. cholesterol reducing statins) or detoxified by hepatocytes. And, when we age, our LSEC fenestrations become smaller and fewer. Today, we study these cells and structures using either conventional light microscopy on living cells, or high-resolution (but static) methods such as transmission and scanning electron microscopy on fixed (i.e. dead) tissue. Such methods, while very powerful, yield no real time information about the uptake of virus or nanoparticles, nor any information about fenestration dynamics. Therefore, to study LS-SEC, we are now using optical nanoscopy methods, and developing our own, to map their functions in 4 dimensions. Attaining this goal will shed new light on the cell biology of the liver and how it keeps us alive. This paper describes the challenges of studying LS-SEC with light microscopy, as well as current and potential solutions to this challenge using optical nanoscopy.

  19. Protecting Unesco World Heritage PROPERTIES'S Integrity: the Role of Recording and Documentation in Risk Management for PETRA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana Quintero, M.; Cesaro, G.; Ishakat, F.; Vandesande, A.; Vileikis, O.; Vadafari, A.; Paolini, A.; Van Balen, K.; Fakhoury, L.

    2012-07-01

    Risk management - as it has been defined - involves the decision-making process following a risk assessment (Ball, Watt, 2003). It is the process that involves managing to minimize losses and impacts on the significant of historic structures and to reach the balance between gaining and losing opportunities. This contribution explains the "heritage information" platform developed using low-cost recording, documentation and information management tools to serve as container for assessments resulting from the application of a risk methodology at a pilot area of the Petra Archaeological Park, in particular those that permit digitally and cost effective to prepare an adequate baseline record to identify disturbances and threats. Furthermore, this paper will reflect on the issue of mapping the World Heritage property's boundaries by illustrating a methodology developed during the project and further research to overcome the lack of boundaries and buffer zone for the protection of the Petra World Heritage site, as identified in this project. This paper is based on on-going field project from a multidisciplinary team of experts from the Raymond Lemaire International Centre for Conservation (University of Leuven), UNESCO Amman, Petra Development Tourism and Region Authority (PDTRA), and Jordan's Department of Antiquities (DoA), as well as, experts from Jordan. The recording and documentation approach included in this contribution is part of an on-going effort to develop a methodology for mitigating (active and preventive) risks on the Petra Archaeological Park (Jordan). The risk assessment has been performed using non-intrusive techniques, which involve simple global navigation satellite system (GNSS), photography, and structured visual inspection, as well as, a heritage information framework based on Geographic Information Systems. The approach takes into consideration the comparison of vulnerability to sites with the value assessment to prioritize monuments at risk based

  20. Studies of UV-cured CR-39 recording properties in view of its applicability in radiobiological experiments with alpha particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In radiobiology, low doses of high-LET radiation correspond to a few particle traversals through the cell population. Therefore, for studies on cell monolayers irradiated with a low dose of α-particles, it is extremely useful if the number and position of particle traversals can be determined. In this study we describe a new method, based on UV-curing, to obtain a 10μm thick CR-39 grafted onto a 2.5μm thick PolyEthylene Terephtalate (PET). This thin double polymeric layer, used as a dish base, has a regular and reproducible detector thickness which can be traversed by 3.5MeV α-particles, with a sufficient residual energy to traverse mammalian cells attached to the base. The recording properties of a PET-CR-39 dish, together with a demonstration of its use for radiobiological experiments, are presented. This new tool allows the precise determination of single-track impact parameters at a sub-cellular level.

  1. Facies characterization based on physical properties from downhole logging for the sediment record of Lake Van, Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumgarten, H.; Wonik, T.; Kwiecien, O.

    2014-11-01

    significant depth shifts of up to 2.5 m between the composite profile based on the VCD and the downhole measurements in hole 2D of the Ahlat Ridge, (b) a correlation was difficult to ascertain from the vertical resolution of the downhole logging data and the extremely detailed core description in mm-scale, (c) mixed signals were obtained because of prevailing thin layers and intercalations of different lithotypes and (d) cluster analysis was difficult to perform because the contrast within the input data is too low (possibly background sedimentation) to distinguish between glacial and interglacial deposits. Tephra units are characterized by contrasting properties and differ mainly in their magnetic susceptibility, spectral gamma ray components (uranium, thorium and potassium) and XRF-intensities of calcium and zirconium. Tephra units have been linked to the dominant volcanic composition of the deposited tephra layers and partly to the volcanic sources. Depth trends are derived with prevailing basaltic deposits in the bottom part (128 m-210 m below lake floor) and are gradually outweighed by the highly differentiated (dacitic and rhyolitic/trachytic) products towards the top of the record.

  2. Holography recording properties of new dye-doped ionic liquid crystals for use in optical switch applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimusheva, Gertruda V.; Mirnaya, Tatyana A.; Bugaychuk, S. A.; Bezrodnui, Vladimir; Kolesnik, O.; Vakhnin, Alexander Y.; Sadovenko, A.

    2004-05-01

    For the first time the multi-gratings holographic recording has been obtained in novel class of liquid crystals namely in ionic lyotropic metal-organic smectics formed on the base of metal alkanoates. It was shown that alkali metal alkanoates form smectic structures. They self-organized in hydrophobic bi-layers of alkanoate chaines with electrostatic conductive layers. The gratings are recorded by the action of pulsed laser radiation both picosecond and nanosecond duration from double frequency Nd-YAG laser. The multi-gratings formation can be connected with the recording process in micro-domains of smectic matrix.

  3. NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Cloud Properties from AVHRR Pathfinder Atmospheres - Extended (PATMOS-x), Version 5.3

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of cloud products was produced by the University of Wisconsin using the AVHRR Pathfinder Atmospheres - Extended (PATMOS-X)...

  4. Property Accounting. A Handbook of Standard Terminology and a Guide for Classifying Information about Education Property. State Educational Records and Reports Series: Handbook III, Revised 1977.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seibert, Ivan N.

    This handbook is offered as a resource for local, intermediate, state, and federal education officials to assist in the identification, organization, and definition of data and information about education property. An introduction and directions are followed by a discussion of concepts associated with property accounting and some general…

  5. Record Statistics and Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sibani, Paolo; Jensen, Henrik J.

    2009-01-01

    The term record statistics covers the statistical properties of records within an ordered series of numerical data obtained from observations or measurements. A record within such series is simply a value larger (or smaller) than all preceding values. The mathematical properties of records strongly...... fluctuations of e. g. the energy are able to push the system past some sort of ‘edge of stability’, inducing irreversible configurational changes, whose statistics then closely follows the statistics of record fluctuations....

  6. Humidity and Temperature Effect on Properties of Transmission Gratings Recorded in PVA/AA-Based Photopolymer Layers

    OpenAIRE

    Mikulchyk, Tatsiana; Martin, Suzanne; Naydenova, Izabela

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the effects of humidity on gratings recorded in a polyvinylalcohol–acrylamide photopolymer medium. Investigation of the behaviour of transmission gratings exposed to high humidity is of significant interest for two reasons, firstly because the grating's sensitivity to humidity can be exploited for the development of irreversible humidity indicators, secondly because too much sensitivity to humidity can limit the use of these materials in applications where an environmental...

  7. Structure and magnetic properties of Co-Pt-Ta2O5 film for perpendicular magnetic recording media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Co-Pt-Ta2O5 film was investigated for perpendicular magnetic recording media. Perpendicular coercivity of over 3 kOe was obtained when the film was deposited at high Ar gas pressure of 7 Pa, where Ta existed in a state of metal-oxide mixture in the film. It was indicated that grain isolation was obtained in the film. On the other hand, no increase in the coercivity was obtained by deposition introducing oxygen gas into Ar gas, although a fraction of oxidized Ta increased

  8. Magnetic and Structural Properties of FePt-FeRh Exchange Spring Films for Thermally Assisted Magnetic Recording Media

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiele, J.-U. [San Jose Research Center; Maat, S. [San Jose Research Center; Robertson, Lee [ORNL; Fullerton, E. E. [San Jose Research Center

    2004-01-01

    Recently a novel media structure for thermally assisted magnetic recording was proposed consisting of a layer of FePt exchange coupled to a FeRh layer. The FePt forms a high magnetocrystalline anisotropy, high coercivity ferromagnetic layer. The FeRh layer is antiferromagnetic at room temperature, but upon heating above a transition temperature becomes ferromagnetic with a large magnetic moment and low magnetocrystalline anisotropy. The coupled ferromagnetic FePt and FeRh layers form an exchange-spring system significantly lowering the coercive field of the composite system compared to a single layer of FePt. This feature opens intriguing possibilities for media applications for thermally assisted magnetic recording where the ferromagnetic phase of FeRh is exploited to help write the media while the low-temperature antiferromagnetic phase supports the long-term stability. Here temperature-dependent structural and magnetic measurements of undoped and doped FeRh single layer and FePt-FeRh bilayer films are presented and the promises and challenges of the exchange spring media structure are discussed.

  9. Variations of magnetic properties in thin lava flow profiles: Implications for the recording of the Laschamp Excursion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vérard, Christian; Leonhardt, Roman; Winklhofer, Michael; Fabian, Karl

    2012-06-01

    Two blocks have been cut in two lava flows from the Skalamaelifell Hill (Iceland) known to have recorded the Laschamp magnetic excursion (40.4 ± 2.0 ka). Detailed sampling and analyses have revealed multiple magnetic components. The high temperature/coercivity component corresponds to the primary magnetisation, with corresponding pole position close to the equator in the Pacific Ocean (φ = 251.90°/λ = -06.49°; dp = 0.74°/dm = 2.12°) and palaeo-intensity determinations below 5 μT. The different VGPs, however, vary in relation with the position of samples in the profiles. It could not be firmly established whether this distribution is associated with a change in the Earth magnetic field during lava cooling. In any case, variations are related with zones in the profiles marked, in particular, by the presence of vesicles. Moreover, the other components are interpreted to be linked with alteration inside the rocks, caused by interactions between vesicles content and the surrounding matrix. Secondary component, however, is interpreted as recording an excursional magnetic field, and should be of greater consideration in studies of Earth magnetic field excursions or reversals.

  10. New soft gamma-ray bursts in the BATSE records and spectral properties of X-ray rich bursts

    CERN Document Server

    Tikhomirova, Y; Kozyreva, A V; Poutanen, J; Tikhomirova, Yana; Stern, Boris; Kozyreva, Alexandra; Poutanen, Juri

    2006-01-01

    A population of X-ray dominated gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) observed by Ginga, BeppoSax and Hete-2 should be represented in the BATSE data as presumably soft bursts. We have performed a search for soft GRBs in the BATSE records in the 25--100 keV energy band. A softness of a burst spectrum can be a reason why it has been missed by the on-board procedure and previous searches for untriggered GRBs tuned to 50--300 keV range. We have found a surprisingly small number (~20/yr down to 0.1 ph cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$) of soft GRBs where the count rate is dominated by 25--50 keV energy channel. This fact as well as the analysis of HETE-2 and common BeppoSAX/BATSE GRBs indicates that the majority of GRBs with a low Epeak has a relatively hard tail with the high-energy power-law photon index >-3. An exponential cutoff in GRB spectra below 20 keV may be a distinguishing feature separating non-GRB events.

  11. Discharge properties of neurons recorded in the parvalbumin-positive (PV1) nucleus of the rat lateral hypothalamus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lintas, Alessandra

    2014-06-13

    This study reports for the first time the extracellular activity recorded, in anesthetized rats, from cells located in an identified cluster of parvalbumin (PV)-positive neurons of the lateral hypothalamus forming the PV1-nucleus. Random-like firing characterized the majority (21/30) of the cells, termed regular cells, with a median firing rate of 1.7 spikes/s, Fano factor equal to 1, and evenly distributed along the rostro-caudal axis. Four cells exhibiting an oscillatory activity in the range 1.6-2.1Hz were observed only in the posterior part of the PV1-nucleus. The asynchronous activity of PV1 neurons is likely to produce a "network-driven" effect on their main target within the periaqueductal gray matter. The hypothesis is raised that background random-like firing of PV1-nucleus is associated with functional network activity likely to contribute dynamic information related to condition transitions of awareness and non-conscious perception. PMID:24780564

  12. Time-domain identification of dynamic properties of layered soil by using extended Kalman filter and recorded seismic data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑亦斌; 王满生; 刘荷; 姚英; 周锡元

    2004-01-01

    A novel time-domain identification technique is developed for the seismic response analysis of soil-structurc interaction. A two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF) model with eight lumped parameters is adopted to model the frequencydependent behavior of soils. For layered soil, the equivalent eight parameters of the 2DOF model are identified by the extended Kalman filter (EKF) method using recorded seismic data. The polynomial approximations for derivation of state estimators arc applied in the EKF procedure. A realistic identification cxamplc is given for the layered-soil of a building site in Anchorage, Alaska in the United States. Results of the example demonstrate the feasibility and practicality of the proposed identification technique. The 2DOF soil model and the identification technique can be used for nonlinear response analysis of soil-structure interaction in the time-domain for layered or complex soil conditions. The identified parameters can be stored in a database for use in other similar soil conditions. Ifa universal database that covers information related to most soil conditions is developed in the future, engineers could conveniently perform time history analyses of soil-structural interaction.

  13. Recording-media-related morphology and magnetic properties of crystalline CoPt3 and CoPt3-Au core-shell nanoparticles synthesized via reverse microemulsion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A comparative experimental study of the magnetic properties of CoPt3 and CoPt3/Au nanoparticles as well as a detailed study of the structural properties of the samples by X-ray diffraction, Transmission electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometer is presented in this work. In addition, the effect of particle size on the structure and magnetic properties of nanoparticles prepared by microemulsion is studied. The correlation between particle size, crystallinity, and magnetization was studied as well. CoPt nanoparticles have been studied intensively over the last decade because of their increased magnetic anisotropy in the ordered phase that can be interesting for high density magnetic recording. A significant high coercivity for as-prepared CoPt3 and CoPt3-Au nanoparticles was obtained at room temperature and enhanced after annealing. The focused aim of our study is to obtain high coercivity at room temperature that follows the Curie-Weiss law. This indicates an interacting system in which the nanoparticles behave like single domain ferromagnetic materials in the particle size range of 8 to 35 nm. In addition, the interaction increases by cooling the samples to low temperature around 15 K. Temperature dependence 1/M graph was obtained to investigate the behavior of nanoparticles at low temperature and shows the best fit with Curie-Weis mode

  14. Effect of oxygen on magnetic properties of Co-Pt-Cr-SiO2 thin films for perpendicular recording media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of oxygen on magnetic properties of Co-Pt-Cr-SiO2 films deposited with various sputtering conditions of Ar gas pressure and deposition speed was investigated. It was suggested that optimum oxygen composition in the film for obtaining large Hc was to have the oxygen/silicon ratio of 2 in Co-Pt-Cr-Si-O films. No X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy spectrum of Co-O or Cr-O was observed in this film, while the Si spectrum shifted to higher energy indicating Si-O bonding. The film exhibited a well-isolated fine grain structure, and the oxygen/silicon ratio was almost constant throughout the depth. It is suggested that the granular structure with SiO2 grain boundaries is formed from the initial deposition stage

  15. Synthesis, magnetic and dielectric properties of Er-Ni doped Sr-hexaferrite nanomaterials for applications in High density recording media and microwave devices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ashiq, Muhammad Naeem, E-mail: naeemashiqqau@yahoo.com [Department of Chemistry, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Iqbal, Muhammad Javed [Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Najam-ul-Haq, Muhammad [Department of Chemistry, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Hernandez Gomez, Pablo [Departmento Electricidad y Electronica, Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid 47071 (Spain); Qureshi, Ashfaq Mahmood [Department of Chemistry, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan)

    2012-01-15

    A sol-gel combustion method has been successfully employed for the synthesis of Sr-hexaferrite nanomaterials doped with Er{sup 3+} and Ni{sup 2+} at strontium and iron sites, respectively. The X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the single magnetoplumbite phase and the crystallite size was found to be in the range of 14-16 nm, suitable for obtaining signal-to-noise ratio in the high density recording media. The magnetic properties such as saturation magnetization (M{sub s}), remanence (M{sub r}) and coercivity (H{sub c}) were calculated from hysteresis loops. M{sub s}, M{sub r} and H{sub c} are observed to increase with the Er-Ni content. The dielectric constant ({epsilon}') and dielectric loss (tan {delta}) is found to decrease with the increase in frequency and is explained on the basis of Maxwell-Wagner and Koops theory. The decrease in dielectric constant and dielectric loss but increase in saturation magnetization and remanence with Er-Ni content suggests that the materials are suitable for applications in microwave devices and high density recording media . - Highlights: > A Simple and economic method has been used for synthesis of materials. > The main aim for substitution of Er-Ni in Sr-hexaferrite is to improve magnetic properties and to reduce the crystallite size. > We are able to improve the saturation magnetization and remanence with the doping of Er-Ni. > Crystallite size is in the range 16-14 nm, which is much smaller than that reported earlier. > Dielectric constant is reduced which makes the material suitable for microwave devices.

  16. Records Management

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — All Federal Agencies are required to prescribe an appropriate records maintenance program so that complete records are filed or otherwise preserved, records can be...

  17. Microstructure and magnetic properties of granular FePt/(FePt)27Ti73 films for ultrahigh-density recording media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Hong-yun; SUN Hui-yuan; FENG Shun-zhen; GAO Feng-ju; ZHOU Hong-juan; NIE Xiang-fu; SUN Yu-ping

    2005-01-01

    FePt granular films were prepared by direct current facing-target magnetron sputtering system onto glass substrates and subsequently in-situ annealed in vacuum. Vibrating sample magnetometer, X-ray diffraction and scanning probe microscope were applied to study the magnetic properties, microstructures, morphologies and domain structures of the samples. (FePt)27Ti73 bilayer films were fabricated at various conditions to investigate the effect of Ti on FePt grains. The results show that without Ti matrix layer, FePt films deposited onto the glass substrates are fcc disordered; with addition of Ti matrix layer, FePt/Ti films form a ternary (FePt)27Ti73 alloy possessing fcc and L10 (111) mixed texture. FePt/(FePt)27Ti73 films with perfectly ordered L10(111) structure and unique magnetic properties can be obtained at Ti thickness of 35 nm and substrate temperature of 250 ℃. The maximum coercivity is more than 240 kA/m and the squareness ratio is more than 0.9. The obtained results suggest that the granular FePt/(FePt)27Ti73 films can be applicable to ultrahigh-density magnetic recording media.

  18. 36 CFR 1236.10 - What records management controls must agencies establish for records in electronic information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records management controls must agencies establish for records in electronic information systems? 1236.10 Section 1236.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT ELECTRONIC RECORDS MANAGEMENT Records...

  19. Quantifying network properties in multi-electrode recordings: spatiotemporal characterization and inter-trial variation of evoked gamma oscillations in mouse somatosensory cortex in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmeli, Cristian; Bonifazi, Paolo; Robinson, Hugh P C; Small, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Linking the structural connectivity of brain circuits to their cooperative dynamics and emergent functions is a central aim of neuroscience research. Graph theory has recently been applied to study the structure-function relationship of networks, where dynamical similarity of different nodes has been turned into a "static" functional connection. However, the capability of the brain to adapt, learn and process external stimuli requires a constant dynamical functional rewiring between circuitries and cell assemblies. Hence, we must capture the changes of network functional connectivity over time. Multi-electrode array data present a unique challenge within this framework. We study the dynamics of gamma oscillations in acute slices of the somatosensory cortex from juvenile mice recorded by planar multi-electrode arrays. Bursts of gamma oscillatory activity lasting a few hundred milliseconds could be initiated only by brief trains of electrical stimulations applied at the deepest cortical layers and simultaneously delivered at multiple locations. Local field potentials were used to study the spatio-temporal properties and the instantaneous synchronization profile of the gamma oscillatory activity, combined with current source density (CSD) analysis. Pair-wise differences in the oscillation phase were used to determine the presence of instantaneous synchronization between the different sites of the circuitry during the oscillatory period. Despite variation in the duration of the oscillatory response over successive trials, they showed a constant average power, suggesting that the rate of expenditure of energy during the gamma bursts is consistent across repeated stimulations. Within each gamma burst, the functional connectivity map reflected the columnar organization of the neocortex. Over successive trials, an apparently random rearrangement of the functional connectivity was observed, with a more stable columnar than horizontal organization. This work reveals new

  20. Quantifying network properties in multi-electrode recordings: Spatiotemporal characterization and inter-trial variation of evoked gamma oscillations in mouse somatosensory cortex in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian eCarmeli

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Linking the structural connectivity of brain circuits to their cooperative dynamics and emergent functions is a central aim of neuroscience research. Graph theory has recently been applied to study the structure-function relationship of networks, where dynamical similarity of different nodes has been turned into a static functional connection. However, the capability of the brain to adapt, learn and process external stimuli requires a constant dynamical functional rewiring between circuitries and cell assemblies. Hence, we must capture the changes of network functional connectivity over time. Multi-electrode array data present a unique challenge within this framework. We study the dynamics of gamma oscillations in acute slices of the somatosensory cortex from juvenile mice recorded by planar multi-electrode arrays. Bursts of gamma oscillatory activity lasting a few hundred milliseconds could be initiated only by brief trains of electrical stimulations applied at the deepest cortical layers and simultaneously delivered at multiple locations. Local field potentials were used to study the spatio-temporal properties and the instantaneous synchronization profile of the gamma oscillatory activity, combined with current source density analysis. Pair-wise differences in the oscillation phase were used to determine the presence of instantaneous synchronization between the different sites of the circuitry during the oscillatory period. Despite variation in the duration of the oscillatory response over successive trials, they showed a constant average power, suggesting that the rate of expenditure of energy during the oscillation represents an invariant of gamma bursts. Within each gamma burst, the functional connectivity map reflected the columnar organization of the neocortex. Over successive trials, an apparently random rearrangement of the functional connectivity was observed, with a more stable columnar than horizontal organization.

  1. Robert Recorde

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Jack

    2011-01-01

    The 16th-Century intellectual Robert Recorde is chiefly remembered for introducing the equals sign into algebra, yet the greater significance and broader scope of his work is often overlooked. This book presents an authoritative and in-depth analysis of the man, his achievements and his historical importance. This scholarly yet accessible work examines the latest evidence on all aspects of Recorde's life, throwing new light on a character deserving of greater recognition. Topics and features: presents a concise chronology of Recorde's life; examines his published works; describes Recorde's pro

  2. Some features of information properties of holographic recording media based on a photoconducting carbazolyl-containing oligomer doped with an organic electron acceptor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidenko, N A; Davidenko, I I; Studzinsky, S L; Pavlov, V A; Mokrinskaya, E V; Chuprina, N G; Kravchenko, V V

    2016-04-20

    Unusual multimodal kinetics of diffraction efficiency in the cycle of hologram recording and erasing were observed in the recording media for the holographic photothermoplastic technique. It was shown that this effect is caused by competition between the simultaneous development of regular and random "frosty" surface reliefs of the photoconducting polymer film during the hologram development. The mechanism explaining the decrease of the maximal diffraction efficiency as compared to its calculated value is discussed. PMID:27140127

  3. Comparison of experimental approaches to study selective properties of thick phase-amplitude holograms recorded in materials with diffusion-based formation mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borisov, Vladimir; Klepinina, Mariia; Veniaminov, Andrey; Angervaks, Aleksandr; Shcheulin, Aleksandr; Ryskin, Aleksandr

    2016-04-01

    Volume holographic gratings, both transmission and reflection-type, may be employed as one-dimensional pho- tonic crystals. More complex two- and three-dimensional holographic photonic-crystalline structures can be recorded using several properly organized beams. As compared to colloidal photonic crystals, their holographic counterparts let minimize distortions caused by multiple inner boundaries of the media. Unfortunately, it's still hard to analyze spectral response of holographic structures. This work presents the results of thick holographic gratings analysis based on spectral-angular selectivity contours approximation. The gratings were recorded in an additively colored fluorite crystal and a glassy polymer doped with phenanthrenequinone (PQ-PMMA). The two materials known as promising candidates for 3D diffraction optics including photonic crystals, employ diffusion-based mechanisms of grating formation. The surfaces of spectral-angular selectivity were obtained in a single scan using a white-light LED, rotable table and a matrix spectrometer. The data expressed as 3D plots make apparent visual estimation of the grating phase/amplitude nature, noninearity of recording, etc., and provide sufficient information for numerical analysis. The grating recorded in the crystal was found to be a mixed phase-amplitude one, with different contributions of refractive index and absorbance modulation at different wavelengths, and demonstrated three diffraction orders corresponding to its three spatial harmonics originating from intrinsically nonlinear diffusion-drift recording mechanism. Contrastingly, the grating in the polymeric medium appeared purely phase and linearly recorded.

  4. Phenological Records

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Phenology is the scientific study of periodic biological phenomena, such as flowering, breeding, and migration, in relation to climatic conditions. The few records...

  5. RECORDS REACHING RECORDING DATA TECHNOLOGIES

    OpenAIRE

    Gresik, G. W. L.; Siebe, S.; Drewello, R.

    2013-01-01

    The goal of RECORDS (Reaching Recording Data Technologies) is the digital capturing of buildings and cultural heritage objects in hard-to-reach areas and the combination of data. It is achieved by using a modified crane from film industry, which is able to carry different measuring systems. The low-vibration measurement should be guaranteed by a gyroscopic controlled advice that has been , developed for the project. The data were achieved by using digital photography, UV-fluorescence...

  6. High-density channel model and detection method for signal readout from super-resolution near-field structure discs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosogai, Shota; Ansai, Tsutomu; Yoshinari, Takehisa; Tanabe, Takaya

    2016-09-01

    Although a readout method using the super-resolution near-field structure (super-RENS) effect can overcome diffraction limits, readout characteristics for greatly surpassed high-density conditions do not become clear, because a high-density channel function having a differential response property is superimposed on a normal readout function. We propose a high-density channel model to indicate the properties of the super-RENS effect directly. This model can be expressed as a differential response function using the finite impulse response (FIR) filter model. It expresses the super-RENS readout process, which is divided on the basis of recording densities such as high and normal Blu-ray Disc™ densities. We estimated the properties of super-RENS readout signals by comparison between theoretical expressions and experiments. Results show that good signal quality require readout signals having sharp peaks and smaller offsets. We also evaluated the channel model by adding an adaptive FIR filter and a Viterbi decoder by simulations. Results show that the super-RENS disc can achieve a fourfold higher recording density if the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) is improved to 6 dB in the case of partial response (PR) (1 + D + D 2).

  7. Records Reaching Recording Data Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gresik, G. W. L.; Siebe, S.; Drewello, R.

    2013-07-01

    The goal of RECORDS (Reaching Recording Data Technologies) is the digital capturing of buildings and cultural heritage objects in hard-to-reach areas and the combination of data. It is achieved by using a modified crane from film industry, which is able to carry different measuring systems. The low-vibration measurement should be guaranteed by a gyroscopic controlled advice that has been , developed for the project. The data were achieved by using digital photography, UV-fluorescence photography, infrared reflectography, infrared thermography and shearography. Also a terrestrial 3D laser scanner and a light stripe topography scanner have been used The combination of the recorded data should ensure a complementary analysis of monuments and buildings.

  8. ATLAS Recordings

    CERN Multimedia

    Steven Goldfarb; Mitch McLachlan; Homer A. Neal

    Web Archives of ATLAS Plenary Sessions, Workshops, Meetings, and Tutorials from 2005 until this past month are available via the University of Michigan portal here. Most recent additions include the Trigger-Aware Analysis Tutorial by Monika Wielers on March 23 and the ROOT Workshop held at CERN on March 26-27.Viewing requires a standard web browser with RealPlayer plug-in (included in most browsers automatically) and works on any major platform. Lectures can be viewed directly over the web or downloaded locally.In addition, you will find access to a variety of general tutorials and events via the portal.Feedback WelcomeOur group is making arrangements now to record plenary sessions, tutorials, and other important ATLAS events for 2007. Your suggestions for potential recording, as well as your feedback on existing archives is always welcome. Please contact us at wlap@umich.edu. Thank you.Enjoy the Lectures!

  9. 36 CFR 703.5 - Records exempt from disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Records exempt from disclosure. 703.5 Section 703.5 Parks, Forests, and Public Property LIBRARY OF CONGRESS DISCLOSURE OR PRODUCTION OF RECORDS OR INFORMATION Availability of Library of Congress Records § 703.5 Records exempt from disclosure. (a) The public disclosure of...

  10. Record club

    CERN Document Server

    Record club

    2010-01-01

      Bonjour a tous, Voici les 24 nouveaux DVD de Juillet disponibles depuis quelques jours, sans oublier les 5 CD Pop musique. Découvrez la saga du terroriste Carlos, la vie de Gainsbourg et les aventures de Lucky Luke; angoissez avec Paranormal Activity et évadez vous sur Pandora dans la peau d’Avatar. Toutes les nouveautés sont à découvrir directement au club. Pour en connaître la liste complète ainsi que le reste de la collection du Record Club, nous vous invitons sur notre site web: http://cern.ch/crc. Toutes les dernières nouveautés sont dans la rubrique « Discs of the Month ». Rappel : le club est ouvert les Lundis, Mercredis, Vendredis de 12h30 à 13h00 au restaurant n°2, bâtiment 504. A bientôt chers Record Clubbers.  

  11. Record Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Record Club

    2011-01-01

    http://cern.ch/Record.Club November  Selections Just in time for the holiday season, we have added a number of new CDs and DVDs into the Club. You will find the full lists at http://cern.ch/record.club; select the "Discs of the Month" button on the left side on the left panel of the web page and then Nov 2011. New films include the all 5 episodes of Fast and Furious, many of the most famous films starring Jean-Paul Belmondo and those of Louis de Funes and some more recent films such as The Lincoln Lawyer and, according to some critics, Woody Allen’s best film for years – Midnight in Paris. For the younger generation there is Cars 2 and Kung Fu Panda 2. New CDs include the latest releases by Adele, Coldplay and the Red Hot Chili Peppers. We have also added the new Duets II CD featuring Tony Bennett singing with some of today’s pop stars including Lady Gaga, Amy Winehouse and Willy Nelson. The Club is now open every Monday, Wednesday and Friday ...

  12. ATLAS Recordings

    CERN Multimedia

    Jeremy Herr; Homer A. Neal; Mitch McLachlan

    The University of Michigan Web Archives for the 2006 ATLAS Week Plenary Sessions, as well as the first of 2007, are now online. In addition, there are a wide variety of Software and Physics Tutorial sessions, recorded over the past couple years, to chose from. All ATLAS-specific archives are accessible here.Viewing requires a standard web browser with RealPlayer plug-in (included in most browsers automatically) and works on any major platform. Lectures can be viewed directly over the web or downloaded locally.In addition, you will find access to a variety of general tutorials and events via the portal. Shaping Collaboration 2006The Michigan group is happy to announce a complete set of recordings from the Shaping Collaboration conference held last December at the CICG in Geneva.The event hosted a mix of Collaborative Tool experts and LHC Users, and featured presentations by the CERN Deputy Director General, Prof. Jos Engelen, the President of Internet2, and chief developers from VRVS/EVO, WLAP, and other tools...

  13. Record Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Record Club

    2011-01-01

    http://cern.ch/Record.Club June Selections We have put a significant number of new CDs and DVDs into the Club You will find the full lists at http://cern.ch/record.club and select the «Discs of the Month» button on the left side on the left panel of the web page and then June 2011. New films include the latest Action, Suspense and Science Fiction film hits, general drama movies including the Oscar-winning The King’s Speech, comedies including both chapter of Bridget Jones’s Diary, seven films for children and a musical. Other highlights include the latest Harry Potter release and some movies from the past you may have missed including the first in the Terminator series. New CDs include the latest releases by Michel Sardou, Mylene Farmer, Jennifer Lopez, Zucchero and Britney Spears. There is also a hits collection from NRJ. Don’t forget that the Club is now open every Monday, Wednesday and Friday lunchtimes from 12h30 to 13h00 in Restaurant 2, Building 504. (C...

  14. Record Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Record Club

    2011-01-01

    http://cern.ch/Record.Club Nouveautés été 2011 Le club de location de CDs et de DVDs vient d’ajouter un grand nombre de disques pour l’été 2011. Parmi eux, Le Discours d’un Roi, oscar 2011 du meilleur film et Harry Potter les reliques de la mort (1re partie). Ce n’est pas moins de 48 DVDs et 10 CDs nouveaux qui vous sont proposés à la location. Il y en a pour tous les genres. Alors n’hésitez pas à consulter notre site http://cern.ch/record.club, voir Disc Catalogue, Discs of the month pour avoir la liste complète. Le club est ouvert tous les Lundi, Mercredi, Vendredi de 12h30 à 13h dans le bâtiment du restaurent N°2 (Cf. URL: http://www.cern.ch/map/building?bno=504) A très bientôt.  

  15. 36 CFR 228.50 - Production records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Production records. 228.50 Section 228.50 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MINERALS Disposal of Mineral Materials General Provisions § 228.50 Production records. At least annually,...

  16. 36 CFR 1210.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 1210.46 Section 1210.46 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL RULES UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER...

  17. Record breakers

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2012-01-01

    In the sixties, CERN’s Fellows were but a handful of about 50 young experimentalists present on site to complete their training. Today, their number has increased to a record-breaking 500. They come from many different fields and are spread across CERN’s different activity areas.   “Diversifying the Fellowship programme has been the key theme in recent years,” comments James Purvis, Head of the Recruitment, Programmes and Monitoring group in the HR Department. “In particular, the 2005 five-yearly review introduced the notion of ‘senior’ and ‘junior’ Fellowships, broadening the target audience to include those with Bachelor-level qualifications.” Diversification made CERN’s Fellowship programme attractive to a wider audience but the number of Fellows on site could not have increased so much without the support of EU-funded projects, which were instrumental in the growth of the programme. ...

  18. RECORD CLUB

    CERN Multimedia

    Record Club

    2010-01-01

    DVD James Bond – Series Complete To all Record Club Members, to start the new year, we have taken advantage of a special offer to add copies of all the James Bond movies to date, from the very first - Dr. No - to the latest - Quantum of Solace. No matter which of the successive 007s you prefer (Sean Connery, George Lazenby, Roger Moore, Timothy Dalton, Pierce Brosnan or Daniel Craig), they are all there. Or perhaps you have a favourite Bond Girl, or even perhaps a favourite villain. Take your pick. You can find the full selection listed on the club web site http://cern.ch/crc; use the panel on the left of the page “Discs of the Month” and select Jan 2010. We remind you that we are open on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays from 12:30 to 13:00 in Restaurant 2 (Bldg 504).

  19. Relationships between columnar aerosol optical properties and surface particulate matter observations in north-central Spain from long-term records (2003–2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. S. Bennouna

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This work examines the relationships between Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD and Particulate Matter (PMX parameters, based on long records (2003–2011 of two nearby sites from the AERONET and EMEP networks in the north-central area of Spain. The climatological annual cycle of PM10 and PM2.5 present a bimodality which might be partly due to desert dust intrusions, a pattern which does not appear in the annual cycle of the AOD. In the case of the AOD, this bimodality is likely to be masked because of the poor sampling of sunphotometer data as compared to PMX (67% of days against 90%, and this fact stresses the necessity of long-term observations. In monthly series, significant interannual variations are observed and most extrema coincide, however the bimodal shape remains relatively stable for PMX. Significant and consistent trends were found for both datasets likely associated to a decrease of desert dust apportionment until 2009. PM10 and AOD daily data are moderately correlated (0.56, a correlation improving for monthly means (0.70. In the case of strong desert dust events day-to-day correlation is not systematic, therefore an extensive analysis on PMX, fine-PM ratio, AOD and associated Ångström exponent (α is carried out.

  20. Recording-media-related morphology and magnetic properties of crystalline CoPt{sub 3} and CoPt{sub 3}-Au core-shell nanoparticles synthesized via reverse microemulsion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahmanrokh, Ghazaleh, E-mail: ghazalehbahmanrokh@yahoo.com; Hashim, Mansor; Matori, Khamirul Amin; Kanagesan, Samikannu; Sabbaghizadeh, Rahim; Ezzad Shafie, Mohd Shamsul [Materials Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Navasery, Manizheh; Soltani, Nayereh [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Vaziri, Parisa [Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-09-07

    A comparative experimental study of the magnetic properties of CoPt{sub 3} and CoPt{sub 3}/Au nanoparticles as well as a detailed study of the structural properties of the samples by X-ray diffraction, Transmission electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometer is presented in this work. In addition, the effect of particle size on the structure and magnetic properties of nanoparticles prepared by microemulsion is studied. The correlation between particle size, crystallinity, and magnetization was studied as well. CoPt nanoparticles have been studied intensively over the last decade because of their increased magnetic anisotropy in the ordered phase that can be interesting for high density magnetic recording. A significant high coercivity for as-prepared CoPt{sub 3} and CoPt{sub 3}-Au nanoparticles was obtained at room temperature and enhanced after annealing. The focused aim of our study is to obtain high coercivity at room temperature that follows the Curie-Weiss law. This indicates an interacting system in which the nanoparticles behave like single domain ferromagnetic materials in the particle size range of 8 to 35 nm. In addition, the interaction increases by cooling the samples to low temperature around 15 K. Temperature dependence 1/M graph was obtained to investigate the behavior of nanoparticles at low temperature and shows the best fit with Curie-Weis mode.

  1. Record Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Record Club

    2012-01-01

      March  Selections By the time this appears, we will have added a number of new CDs and DVDs into the Club. You will find the full lists at http://cern.ch/record.club; select the "Discs of the Month" button on the left panel of the web page and then Mar 2012. New films include recent releases such as Johnny English 2, Bad Teacher, Cowboys vs Aliens, and Super 8. We are also starting to acquire some of the classic films we missed when we initiated the DVD section of the club, such as appeared in a recent Best 100 Films published by a leading UK magazine; this month we have added Spielberg’s Jaws and Scorsese’s Goodfellas. If you have your own ideas on what we are missing, let us know. For children we have no less than 8 Tin-Tin DVDs. And if you like fast moving pop music, try the Beyonce concert DVD. New CDs include the latest releases from Paul McCartney, Rihanna and Amy Winehouse. There is a best of Mylene Farmer, a compilation from the NRJ 201...

  2. A seven year record of Saharan dust outbreaks over the Central Mediterranean Sea:chemical characterization, size distribution and optical properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becagli, Silvia; Marconi, Miriam; Sferlazzo, Damiano; Bommarito, Carlo; Calzolai, Giulia; Chiari, Massimo; di Sarra, Alcide; Gomez-Amo, Jose Louis; Lucarelli, Franco; Meloni, Daniela; Pace, Giandomenico; Traversi, Rita; Severi, Mirko; Udisti, Roberto

    2013-04-01

    Saharan dust largely affects air pollution and climate. This study aims at determining the mineral contribution to PM10 in the Central Mediterranean Sea based on 7 years of PM10 chemical composition measurements at the island of Lampedusa (35.5°N, 12.6° E). Total content and soluble fractions of selected elements and metals are used to characterize the dust events. The soluble + insoluble contribution is determined by PIXE, (Particles Induced X-ray Emission), while the composition of the soluble fraction by ICP-AES, (Inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy) after extraction with HNO3 at pH1.5. The solubility of each element and its size distribution are analyzed with the aim of obtaining information on their sources, mixing processes, and availability for the environment. The Saharan dust contribution to the total PM was estimated by considering Al, Si, Ca, non-sea-salt Na, K and Fe oxides. During strong Saharan dust events PM10 is often higher than 50μg m-3, and the dust contribution is about 50%. The crustal aerosol amount and contribution to PM10 shows a very small seasonal dependence; conversely, the dust optical depth displays an evident annual cycle, with a strong summer maximum (monthly average aerosol optical depth at 500 nm as large as 0.28 in June-August). We found that only 49% of the events identified from optical properties over the air column display a high dust content at the ground level, demonstrating that Saharan dust transport frequently occurs above the marine boundary layer, with negligible or small impact on the surface aerosol properties. The average size distribution obtained by Optical Particle Counter during the days with high mineral content comprises three modes, whose median radii are at about 0.29 um, 2.2 um, and 7.2 um, respectively. Solubility of each elements present a large variability in the condition of extraction, but usually in Saharan dust events the solubility is lower than in non-Saharan dust events

  3. Optical and structural properties of co-sputtered Cu-Si-O and Cu-Ge-O thin films (Presentation Recording)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Lirong; Murphy, Neil R.; Jones, John G.; Grant, John T.

    2015-08-01

    The co-sputtered Cu-Si-O and Cu-Ge-O thin films were prepared using reactive DC, pulse DC and modulated pulse power magnetron sputtering (MPPMS) on two separate Cu and Si or Cu and Ge targets simultaneously. The powers on each target and Oxygen/Argon flow ratio f(O2) were varied to have different stoichiometies determined by XPS. The film thickness, refractive index n and extinction coefficient k were extracted from in situ ellipsometry and the reactive plasma discharge was monitored by optical emission spectroscopy in real time during film growth. The grazing incident x-ray diffraction measurements reveal that the films deposited at low f(O2) have the nanocrystalline structure of cuprous Cu2O with diffraction peaks of (111) and (200). The films deposited at high f(O2) (>= 1) have cupric oxide CuO phase. The optical constant n and k, film density and band gap of the co-sputtered film were investigated and determined by in situ ellipsometry, X-ray reflectivity and UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy. Their structural, chemical and optical properties are able to be tuned by incorporating Cu2O, CuO and the mixtures of them into Silicon oxide or Germanium oxide matrix with varying target powers and oxygen/Argon ratio for applications in optical coatings and optical filters.

  4. FePt–Si–N nano-granular thin films with improved structure and magnetic properties for high-density recording medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    FePt–Si–N films consisting of FePt nanoparticles embedded in Si–N matrix were fabricated on Si(100) substrates by dc reactive magnetron sputtering followed by vacuum annealing. The effects of film thickness, Fe/Pt atomic ratio, and Si, N additions on the structure and magnetic properties were investigated. Perpendicular orientation can be obtained in the film with small thickness. Fe content also has an important effect on the film orientation. The ordering temperature for FePt–Si–N films is 100 °C higher than that of FePt films. Both FePt and FePt–Si–N films have the highest coercivity at Fe content of 55 at%. Doping Si and N can improve the coercivity of FePt film through weakening the exchange coupling and reducing the grain size. To achieve high coercivity in FePt–Si–N film, the Si/N atomic ratio has to be well controlled. - Highlights:: ► Small thickness and appropriate Fe content benefit perpendicular orientation. ► Ordering temperature for FePt–Si–N films is ∼100 °C higher than that of FePt films. ► Both FePt and FePt–Si–N films have the highest coercivity at Fe content of 55 at%. ► Doping Si–N improves coercivity by reducing exchange coupling and grain size. ► Si/N ratio has to be well controlled to achieve high coercivity in FePt–Si–N film

  5. Long-term record of aerosol optical properties and chemical composition from a high-altitude site (Manora Peak in Central Himalaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Ram

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This MS reports on a long-term study of aerosol optical properties and chemical composition, conducted during February 2005–July 2008, from a high-altitude site (Manora Peak, ~2000 m a.s.l. in the central Himalaya. The chemical analyses suggest that, on average, total carbonaceous aerosols (TCA and water-soluble inorganic species (WSIS contribute nearly 25% and 10% of the total suspended particulate (TSP mass, respectively. Both, TSP and aerosol optical depth (AOD exhibit significant increase during summer months, with simultaneous increase in the abundance of mineral dust under the prevailing south-westerly winds and long-range transport from desert regions (from middle-East and Thar Desert in western India. The temporal variability in the abundance pattern of carbonaceous species (EC, OC is also significantly pronounced, with lower concentrations occurring during summertime (April–June and monsoon (July–August and relatively high during post-monsoon (September–November and wintertime (December–March. The WSOC/OC ratios (range: 0.32 to 0.83 during summer and post-monsoon suggest significant contribution from secondary organic aerosols. The mass fraction of absorbing EC (elemental carbon ranges from less than a percent (during summer and monsoon to as high as 7.6% (during winter and absorption coefficient (babs, at 678 nm varied as 0.9–33.9 Mm−1 (1 Mm−1=10−6 m−1. The linear regression analysis between (babs and EC concentration (μgC m−3 yields a slope of 12.2(±2.3 m2 g−1, referred as mass absorption efficiency (σabs of EC. However, temporal data suggests lower σabs values during winter and higher in summer and post-monsoon. The change in the mixing state of aerosols and/or variability in the emission sources could be a plausible reason for the variability in σabs at this

  6. Medical records and record-keeping standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Iain; Ram, Mala Bridgelal; Croft, Giles P; Williams, John G

    2007-08-01

    The structure of medical records becomes ever more critical with the advent of electronic records. The Health Informatics Unit (HIU) of the Royal College of Physicians has two work streams in this area. The Records Standards programme is developing generic standards for all entries into medical notes and standards for the content of admission, handover and discharge records. The Information Laboratory (iLab) focuses on hospital episode statistics and their use for monitoring clinician performance. Clinician endorsement of the work is achieved through extensive consultations. Generic medical record-keeping standards are now available. PMID:17882846

  7. CMS Records Schedule

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The CMS Records Schedule provides disposition authorizations approved by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) for CMS program-related records...

  8. Presidential Electronic Records Library

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — PERL (Presidential Electronic Records Library) used to ingest and provide internal access to the Presidential electronic Records of the Reagan, Bush, and Clinton...

  9. 36 CFR 1220.32 - What records management principles must agencies implement?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records management... ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT FEDERAL RECORDS; GENERAL Agency Records Management Responsibilities § 1220.32 What records management principles must agencies implement? Agencies must create...

  10. Keeping the Records Straight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clift, Phil; Keynes, Milton

    1982-01-01

    Guidelines are given regarding keeping and using educational records for exceptional children in Great Britain. Procedures related to anecdotal records, observation inventories, and rating scales are delineated. (CL)

  11. Surgical medical record

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bulow, S.

    2008-01-01

    A medical record is presented on the basis of selected linguistic pearls collected over the years from surgical case records Udgivelsesdato: 2008/12/15......A medical record is presented on the basis of selected linguistic pearls collected over the years from surgical case records Udgivelsesdato: 2008/12/15...

  12. Your Medical Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Your Medical Records KidsHealth > For Teens > Your Medical Records Print ... Records? en español Tus historias clínicas What Are Medical Records? Each time you climb up on a ...

  13. Electronic Health Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Electronic Health Records KidsHealth > For Teens > Electronic Health Records Print A A A Text Size ... t happen overnight, they are coming. Understanding EHRs Electronic health records (EHR) — also called electronic medical records ( ...

  14. On the Record: The Philosophy of Recording

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Newman

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available At the Theoretical Archaeology Group (TAG conference in Durham in December 2009 I organised a session on the philosophy of recording, and the three articles presented here originated in that discussion. The aim of the session was to consider some fundamental questions about the recording that archaeologists undertake but which are often overlooked, and think about these in a theoretical way. These questions included: ◦Why do we choose to record the sites, monuments and artefacts that we do? Why do we select the units of information we choose to record about them? How have the things we record and the attributes recorded changed over time? ◦How can the adoption of a reflexive approach enable us to assess the recording choices we make and inform those that will be made in the future? ◦What do these recording choices tell us about archaeology and wider society over time? ◦Can something as intangible as a database record or a digital photograph be considered as an artefact and studied as material culture? ◦How are new technologies changing recording and adding to the material available for study, which will form the historic documents of the future? The first two of these questions are decisions that archaeologists have been making since the earliest origins of the discipline, often without a passing thought. It is not very often that we pause to analyse them at a theoretical level. As recording has developed we have been very good at categorizing, making inventories and constructing ontologies to describe the past around us, but less good about asking why we do so in the way we do.

  15. Magneto-Optical Recording Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambino, Richard J.; Suzuki, Takao

    2003-05-01

    "As digital data storage technology undergoes enormous change, electrical engineers, physicists, and materials scientists need to keep pace with the materials requirements for recording media. Expert contributors -- together with world-class authorities Richard J. Gambino and Takao Suzuki -- bring you a practical, comprehensive guide to materials design and selection for magneto-optical storage media. This authoritative book explores multilayered thin films, exchanged coupled layers, materials used in current products, and materials of potential interest not yet available in practical applications. A detailed analysis concerning the physics of magneto-optical recording will help you make informed decisions about materials properties. You will also find an extensive discussion of systems and engineering design features for magneto-optical storage devices. This discussion will help you to understand how materials properties impact system performance. You will gain additional insight into this fast-developing field through in-depth coverage of these featured topics: Rare earth-transition metal amorphous alloys, multilayers, garnets, intermetallic compounds, and ferrites Basic principles of domain dynamics and recording physics Latest developments in exchange coupled layers, direct overwrite, and magnetic superresolution Minidisc, future high-density systems, and DVD format. MAGNETO-OPTICAL RECORDING MATERIALS is essential reading for anyone who needs to keep up-to-date with the latest advances in digital data storage technology."

  16. 36 CFR 1120.52 - Computerized records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Computerized records. 1120.52 Section 1120.52 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE... from the computer which permits copying the printout, the material will be made available at the...

  17. Deciphering records of geomagnetic reversals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valet, Jean-Pierre; Fournier, Alexandre

    2016-06-01

    Polarity reversals of the geomagnetic field are a major feature of the Earth's dynamo. Questions remain regarding the dynamical processes that give rise to reversals and the properties of the geomagnetic field during a polarity transition. A large number of paleomagnetic reversal records have been acquired during the past 50 years in order to better constrain the structure and geometry of the transitional field. In addition, over the past two decades, numerical dynamo simulations have also provided insights into the reversal mechanism. Yet despite the large paleomagnetic database, controversial interpretations of records of the transitional field persist; they result from two characteristics inherent to all reversals, both of which are detrimental to an ambiguous analysis. On the one hand, the reversal process is rapid and requires adequate temporal resolution. On the other hand, weak field intensities during a reversal can affect the fidelity of magnetic recording in sedimentary records. This paper is aimed at reviewing critically the main reversal features derived from paleomagnetic records and at analyzing some of these features in light of numerical simulations. We discuss in detail the fidelity of the signal extracted from paleomagnetic records and pay special attention to their resolution with respect to the timing and mechanisms involved in the magnetization process. Records from marine sediments dominate the database. They give rise to transitional field models that often lead to overinterpret the data. Consequently, we attempt to separate robust results (and their subsequent interpretations) from those that do not stand on a strong observational footing. Finally, we discuss new avenues that should favor progress to better characterize and understand transitional field behavior.

  18. 36 CFR 703.6 - Procedure for access to and copying of records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procedure for access to and copying of records. 703.6 Section 703.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property LIBRARY OF CONGRESS DISCLOSURE OR PRODUCTION OF RECORDS OR INFORMATION Availability of Library of Congress Records § 703.6 Procedure for access to and copying of records....

  19. Iraq Radiosonde Launch Records

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Iraqi upper air records loaned to NCDC from the Air Force 14th Weather Squadron. Scanned notebooks containing upper air radiosonde launch records and data. Launches...

  20. Vessel Activity Record

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Vessel Activity Record is a bi-weekly spreadsheet that shows the status of fishing vessels. It records whether fishing vessels are fishing without an observer...

  1. Daily Weather Records

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These daily weather records were compiled from a subset of stations in the Global Historical Climatological Network (GHCN)-Daily dataset. A weather record is...

  2. Climate Record Books

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Climate Record Books contain daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual averages, extremes, or occurrences. Most data are sequential by period of record 1871-1910,...

  3. Automating aviation training records.

    OpenAIRE

    Reinholt, Kurt B.

    2000-01-01

    Over the years with advances in computer technology, the navy has gradually transitioned into a paperless operation. Personnel training records have provided a standardized, documentable individual qualification record for Navy aviation maintenance personnel, however these records continue to be kept in folders, stored in file cabinets. In addition, paper records create a maintenance burden, in that the continued handling and possibility of errors made during data entry and normal wear and te...

  4. Interpreting land records

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, Donald A

    2014-01-01

    Base retracement on solid research and historically accurate interpretation Interpreting Land Records is the industry's most complete guide to researching and understanding the historical records germane to land surveying. Coverage includes boundary retracement and the primary considerations during new boundary establishment, as well as an introduction to historical records and guidance on effective research and interpretation. This new edition includes a new chapter titled "Researching Land Records," and advice on overcoming common research problems and insight into alternative resources wh

  5. 41 CFR 101-39.407 - Accident records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Accident records. 101-39...-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.407 Accident records. If GSA's records of vehicle accidents indicate that a particular activity has had an unusually high accident...

  6. Managing electronic records

    CERN Document Server

    McLeod, Julie

    2005-01-01

    For records management courses, this book covers the theory and practice of managing electronic records as business and information assets. It focuses on the strategies, systems and procedures necessary to ensure that electronic records are appropriately created, captured, organized and retained over time to meet business and legal requirements.

  7. Computerized mega code recording.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burt, T W; Bock, H C

    1988-04-01

    A system has been developed to facilitate recording of advanced cardiac life support mega code testing scenarios. By scanning a paper "keyboard" using a bar code wand attached to a portable microcomputer, the person assigned to record the scenario can easily generate an accurate, complete, timed, and typewritten record of the given situations and the obtained responses. PMID:3354937

  8. Dental records: An overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B K Charangowda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Dental records consist of documents related to the history of present illness, clinical examination, diagnosis, treatment done, and the prognosis. A thorough knowledge of dental records is essential for the practicing dentist, as it not only has a forensic application, but also a legal implication with respect to insurance and consumerism. This article reviews the importance of dental records in forensics.

  9. Dental records: An overview

    OpenAIRE

    Charangowda, B K

    2010-01-01

    Dental records consist of documents related to the history of present illness, clinical examination, diagnosis, treatment done, and the prognosis. A thorough knowledge of dental records is essential for the practicing dentist, as it not only has a forensic application, but also a legal implication with respect to insurance and consumerism. This article reviews the importance of dental records in forensics.

  10. 36 CFR 1223.24 - When can vital records be destroyed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... destroyed when superseded or obsolete during the routine vital records cycle process. ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When can vital records be... ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.24 When can vital records be destroyed?...

  11. 36 CFR 1290.4 - Types of materials included in scope of assassination record and additional records and information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION JFK ASSASSINATION RECORDS... COLLECTION ACT OF 1992 (JFK ACT) § 1290.4 Types of materials included in scope of assassination record and... information includes, for purposes of interpreting and implementing the JFK Act: (a) Papers, maps, and...

  12. 36 CFR 1220.16 - What recorded information must be managed in accordance with the regulations in subchapter B?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT FEDERAL... subchapter B? The requirements in subchapter B apply to documentary materials that meet the definition...

  13. Collaborative Affordances of Hybrid Patient Record Technologies in Medical Work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houben, Steven; Frost, Mads; Bardram, Jakob E

    2015-01-01

    The medical record is a central artifact used to organize, communicate and coordinate information related to patient care. Despite recent deployments of electronic health records (EHR), paper medical records are still widely used because of the affordances of paper. Although a number of approache...... a medical simulation. Based on these empirical studies, this paper introduces and discusses the concept of collaborative affordances, which describes a set of properties of the medical record that foster collaborative collocated work....

  14. Economic Records Antiquity States

    OpenAIRE

    Michal Hora

    2008-01-01

    This article proposes a way of historical progress of accounting records. Infancy dates back to the earliest days of human agriculture and civilization, the Sumerians in Mesopotamia an another civilization, when the need to maintain accurate records of the quantities and relative values of agricultural products first arose. Accounting records developed purely in response to the needs of the time brought about by changes in the environment and societal demands. The view to the history helps ex...

  15. New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records

    OpenAIRE

    Katsanevakis, S.; Ü. ACAR; Ammar, I.; Balci, B.A.; Bekas, P.; Belmonte, M.; Chintiroglou, C.C.; P. CONSOLI; Dimiza, M; K. FRYGANIOTIS; V. GEROVASILEIOU; Gnisci, V.; N. GÜLŞAHIN; Hoffman, R.; Y. ISSARIS

    2014-01-01

    The Collective Article ‘New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records’ of the Mediterranean Marine Science journal offers the means to publish biodiversity records in the Mediterranean Sea. The current article is divided in two parts, for records of alien and native species respectively. The new records of alien species include: the red alga Asparagopsis taxiformis (Crete and Lakonicos Gulf) (Greece); the red alga Grateloupia turuturu (along the Israeli Mediterranean shore); the mantis shrimp Clorid...

  16. Modern recording techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Huber, David Miles

    2013-01-01

    As the most popular and authoritative guide to recording Modern Recording Techniques provides everything you need to master the tools and day to day practice of music recording and production. From room acoustics and running a session to mic placement and designing a studio Modern Recording Techniques will give you a really good grounding in the theory and industry practice. Expanded to include the latest digital audio technology the 7th edition now includes sections on podcasting, new surround sound formats and HD and audio.If you are just starting out or looking for a step up

  17. Record Keeping Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2007

    2007-01-01

    These guidelines are designed to educate psychologists and provide a framework for making decisions regarding professional record keeping. State and federal laws, as well as the American Psychological Association's "Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct," generally require maintenance of appropriate records of psychological…

  18. Disturbance recording system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A computerized system for disturbance monitoring, recording and display has been developed for use in nuclear power plants and is versatile enough to be used where ever a large number of parameters need to be recorded, e.g. conventional power plants, chemical industry etc. The Disturbance Recording System (DRS) has been designed to continuously monitor a process plant and record crucial parameters. The DRS provides a centralized facility to monitor and continuously record 64 process parameters scanned every 1 sec for 5 days. The system also provides facility for storage of 64 parameters scanned every 200 msec during 2 minutes prior to and 3 minutes after a disturbance. In addition the system can initiate, on demand, the recording of 8 parameters at a fast rate of every 5 msec for a period of 5 sec. and thus act as a visicorder. All this data is recorded in non-volatile memory and can be displayed, printed/plotted and used for subsequent analysis. Since data can be stored densely on floppy disks, the volume of space required for archival storage is also low. As a disturbance recorder, the DRS allows the operator to view the state of the plant prior to occurrence of the disturbance and helps in identifying the root cause. (author). 10 refs., 7 figs

  19. The Evolving Scholarly Record

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavoie, Brian; Childress, Eric; Erway, Ricky; Faniel, Ixchel; Malpas, Constance; Schaffner, Jennifer; van der Werf, Titia

    2014-01-01

    The ways and means of scholarly inquiry are experiencing fundamental change, with consequences for scholarly communication and ultimately, the scholarly record. The boundaries of the scholarly record are both expanding and blurring, driven by changes in research practices, as well as changing perceptions of the long-term value of certain forms of…

  20. 31 CFR 407.3 - Recording presence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recording presence. 407.3 Section 407.3 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) SECRET SERVICE... business of the Treasury Department. The property shall also be closed to the public when, in the...

  1. 41 CFR 105-72.506 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 105-72.506 Section 105-72.506 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS 72.50-Post-Award Requirements/Procurement...

  2. Electronic Health Records

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kierkegaard, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    that a centralised European health record system will become a reality even before 2020. However, the concept of a centralised supranational central server raises concern about storing electronic medical records in a central location. The privacy threat posed by a supranational network is a key concern. Cross......-border and Interoperable electronic health record systems make confidential data more easily and rapidly accessible to a wider audience and increase the risk that personal data concerning health could be accidentally exposed or easily distributed to unauthorised parties by enabling greater access to a compilation...

  3. Electronic Health Record

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kierkegaard, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    that a centralised European health record system will become a reality even before 2020. However, the concept of a centralised supranational central server raises concern about storing electronic medical records in a central location. The privacy threat posed by a supranational network is a key concern. Cross border...... and Interoperable electronic health record systems make confidential data more easily and rapidly accessible to a wider audience and increases the risk that personal data concerning health could be accidentally exposed or easily distributed to unauthorised parties by enabling greater access to a compilation...

  4. Desert dust deposition on Mt. Elbrus, Caucasus Mountains, Russia in 2009–2012 as recorded in snow and shallow ice core: high-resolution "provenancing", transport patterns, physical properties and soluble ionic composition

    OpenAIRE

    S. Kutuzov; M. Shahgedanova; V. Mikhalenko; Lavrentiev, I.; S. Kemp

    2013-01-01

    A record of dust deposition events between 2009 and 2012 on Mt. Elbrus, Caucasus Mountains derived from a snow pit and a shallow ice core is presented for the first time for this region. A combination of isotopic analysis, SEVIRI red-green-blue composite imagery, MODIS atmospheric optical depth fields derived using the Deep Blue algorithm, air mass trajectories derived using the HYSPLIT model and analysis of meteorological data enabled identification of dust source regions with high te...

  5. Records Management Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The Records Management Database is tool created in Microsoft Access specifically for USAID use. It contains metadata in order to access and retrieve the information...

  6. Herbicide application records

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document contains records of pesticide applications on Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge (Walnut Creek National Wildlife Refuge) between 1995 and 2006.

  7. Environmental Review Records

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — HUD’s Environmental Review Records page houses environmental reviews made publicly available through the HUD Environmental Review Online System (HEROS). This...

  8. Recording information about immunizations

    OpenAIRE

    Gadsby, Roger

    1980-01-01

    The recording of information on triple plus polio and rubella immunizations is reviewed and immunization rates determined for patients in a single-handed practice. Rates of triple plus polio immunizations are satisfactory but rates for rubella immunization are very poor. Immunization information is not exchanged between different sections of the Health Service in Stoke-on-Trent and so the general practitioner has no reliable immunization record for his patients.

  9. 36 CFR 1256.20 - May I obtain access to Federal archival records?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Federal archival records? 1256.20 Section 1256.20 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES... MATERIALS Access to Federal Archival Records § 1256.20 May I obtain access to Federal archival records? (a) Most Federal archival records are open for research without submitting a Freedom of Information...

  10. Digital recording system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A large number of critical process parameters in nuclear power plants have hitherto been monitored using electromechanical chart recorders. The reducing costs of electronics systems have led to a trend towards modernizing power plant control rooms by computerizing all the panel instrumentation. As a first step, it has been decided to develop a digital recording system to record the values of 48 process parameters. The system as developed and described in this report is more than a replacement for recorders; it offers substantial advantages in terms of lower overall system cost, excellent time resolution, accurate data and absolute synchronization for correlated signals. The system provides high speed recording of 48 process parameters, maintains historical records and permits retrieval and display of archival information on a colour monitor, a plotter and a printer. It is implemented using a front end data acquisition unit connected on a serial link to a PC-XT computer with 20 MB Winchester. The system offers an extremely user friendly man machine interaction, based on a hierarchical paged menu driven scheme. Softwre development for this system has been carried out using the C language. (author). 9 figs

  11. Polarization holographic optical recording of a new photochromic diarylethene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pu, Shouzhi; Miao, Wenjuan; Chen, Anyin; Cui, Shiqiang

    2008-12-01

    A new symmetrical photochromic diarylethene, 1,2-bis[2-methyl-5-(3-methoxylphenyl)-3-thienyl]perfluorocyclopentene (1a), was synthesized, and its photochromic properties were investigated. The compound exhibited good photochromism both in solution and in PMMA film with alternating irradiation by UV/VIS light, and the maxima absorption of its closed-ring isomer 1b are 582 and 599 nm, respectively. Using diarylethene 1b/PMMA film as recording medium and a He-Ne laser (633 nm) for recording and readout, four types of polarization and angular multiplexing holographic optical recording were performed perfectly. For different types of polarization recording including parallel linear polarization recording, parallel circular polarization recording, orthogonal linear polarization recording and orthogonal circular polarization recording,have been accomplished successfully. The results demonstrated that the orthogonal circular polarization recording is the best method for polarization holographic optical recording when this compound was used as recording material. With angular multiplexing recording technology, two high contrast holograms were recorded in the same place on the film with the dimension of 0.78 μm2.

  12. Micromagnetic Study of Perpendicular Magnetic Recording Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yan

    With increasing areal density in magnetic recording systems, perpendicular recording has successfully replaced longitudinal recording to mitigate the superparamagnetic limit. The extensive theoretical and experimental research associated with perpendicular magnetic recording media has contributed significantly to improving magnetic recording performance. Micromagnetic studies on perpendicular recording media, including aspects of the design of hybrid soft underlayers, media noise properties, inter-grain exchange characterization and ultra-high density bit patterned media recording, are presented in this dissertation. To improve the writability of recording media, one needs to reduce the head-to-keeper spacing while maintaining a good texture growth for the recording layer. A hybrid soft underlayer, consisting of a thin crystalline soft underlayer stacked above a non-magnetic seed layer and a conventional amorphous soft underlayer, provides an alternative approach for reducing the effective head-to-keeper spacing in perpendicular recording. Micromagnetic simulations indicate that the media using a hybrid soft underlayer helps enhance the effective field and the field gradient in comparison with conventional media that uses only an amorphous soft underlayer. The hybrid soft underlayer can support a thicker non-magnetic seed layer yet achieve an equivalent or better effective field and field gradient. A noise plateau for intermediate recording densities is observed for a recording layer of typical magnetization. Medium noise characteristics and transition jitter in perpendicular magnetic recording are explored using micromagnetic simulation. The plateau is replaced by a normal linear dependence of noise on recording density for a low magnetization recording layer. We show analytically that a source of the plateau is similar to that producing the Non-Linear-Transition-Shift of signal. In particular, magnetostatic effects are predicted to produce positive correlation of

  13. Records Center Program Billing System

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — RCPBS supports the Records center programs (RCP) in producing invoices for the storage (NARS-5) and servicing of National Archives and Records Administration’s...

  14. 36 CFR 1120.21 - Policy on disclosure of records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... records. 1120.21 Section 1120.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION...) If a requested record contains both exempt and nonexempt material, the nonexempt material shall be disclosed, after the exempt material has been deleted in accordance with § 1120.42....

  15. 41 CFR 102-38.265 - Must we keep records on administrative determinations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Must we keep records on administrative determinations? 102-38.265 Section 102-38.265 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal... OF PERSONAL PROPERTY Bids Mistakes in Bids § 102-38.265 Must we keep records on...

  16. 41 CFR 102-34.345 - What records do we need to keep?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records do we need to keep? 102-34.345 Section 102-34.345 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property... MANAGEMENT Federal Fleet Report § 102-34.345 What records do we need to keep? You are responsible...

  17. Electronic surgical record management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rockman, Justin

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the challenges surgical practices face in coordinating surgeries and how the electronic surgical record management (ESRM) approach to surgical coordination can solve these problems and improve efficiency. Surgical practices continue to experience costly inefficiencies when managing surgical coordination. Application software like practice management and electronic health record systems have enabled practices to "go digital" for their administrative, financial, and clinical data. However, surgical coordination is still a manual and labor-intensive process. Surgical practices need to create a central and secure record of their surgeries. When surgical data are inputted once only and stored in a central repository, the data are transformed into active information that can be outputted to any form, letter, calendar, or report. ESRM is a new approach to surgical coordination. It enables surgical practices to automate and streamline their processes, reduce costs, and ensure that patients receive the best possible care. PMID:20480775

  18. Records via probability theory

    CERN Document Server

    Ahsanullah, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    A lot of statisticians, actuarial mathematicians, reliability engineers, meteorologists, hydrologists, economists. Business and sport analysts deal with records which play important roles in various fields of statistics and its application. This book enables a reader to check his/her level of understanding of the theory of record values. We give basic formulae which are more important in the theory and present a lot of examples which illustrate the theoretical statements. For a beginner in record statistics, as well as for graduate students the study of our book needs the basic knowledge of the subject. A more advanced reader can use our book to polish his/her knowledge. An upgraded list of bibliography which will help a reader to enrich his/her theoretical knowledge and widen the experience of dealing with ordered observations, is also given in the book.

  19. AÇÃO CIVIL PÚBLICA SOBRE ÁREA DE RESERVA LEGAL: (DESNECESSIDADE DO SEU REGISTRO NA MATRÍCULA DO IMÓVEL / CIVIL ACTION PUBLIC ON AREA OF LEGAL NATURE RESERVES: (NO NEED OF ITS REGISTRY IN THE PROPERTY RECORD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos José Cordeiro

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available It is aimed to show our position on the (no need of the civil action filing the record in property, subject of the registration of the demand that is intended to be obliged to institute legal nature reserve area, making use, therefore, of the adoption of hypothetical deductive method, combined with the execution of theoretical and documentary research. Legal Nature Reserve is understood as the area of rural land that can not suffer human intervention by deforestation and exploitation of its resources. Its institution and subsequent registration with the Rural Environmental Registry is an propter rem obligation, given the tracking of it and the attachment to the holder of real right. It must be obeyed even that forests or other type of vegetation no longer exist in the property, which thus externalizes its institution being a mandatory requirement for regular registration of the property, making it impossible to any claim of its ignorance, because it clings to the ownership of the property, passing to new owners, they being able to be charged regardless of their proceeding.

  20. 78 FR 3015 - Privacy Act of 1974; U.S. Customs and Border Protection; DHS/CBP-004-Intellectual Property Rights...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-15

    ...-Intellectual Property Rights e-Recordation and Search Systems, System of Records AGENCY: Department of Homeland...-Intellectual Property Rights e-Recordation and Search Systems System of Records.'' The Intellectual Property... intellectual property rights recordations and their owners. The purpose of IPRRSS is to aid in the...

  1. A Miniature Recording Cardiotachometer

    OpenAIRE

    Zsombor-Murray, Paul J; Vroomen, Louis J.; Hendriksen, Nils Thedin

    1981-01-01

    The design of a miniature, recording cardiotachometer is described. It is simple and can store digital data. Bench and field tests, using a hand-held display, are presented. Construction and principles of operation are discussed. Applications, with performing athlete subjects, are outlined.

  2. A Miniature Recording Cardiotachometer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zsombor-Murray, Paul J; Vroomen, Louis J.; Hendriksen, Nils Thedin

    1981-01-01

    The design of a miniature, recording cardiotachometer is described. It is simple and can store digital data. Bench and field tests, using a hand-held display, are presented. Construction and principles of operation are discussed. Applications, with performing athlete subjects, are outlined....

  3. Chess endgame records

    OpenAIRE

    Haworth, Guy

    2013-01-01

    This dataset is an evolving collection of chess endgame record scenarios illustrating the extremes of the game including the deepest positions in various metrics. Optimal lines in consonant strategies are given and annotated. The two attached files are (a) a pgn file of the chess positions and lines, and (b) an annotated version of the pgn file.

  4. Theory of Magnetic Recording

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertram, H. Neal

    1994-04-01

    This book is designed to give the student a fundamental, in-depth understanding of all the essential features of the magnetic recording process for both high density disk and tape recording. The book provides a thorough grounding in four basic areas of magnetic recording: structure and fields of heads and media, the replay process, the recording process, and medium noise analysis. Besides the fundamental issues, key systems questions of nonlinearities, overwrite, side track phenomena, error rate estimates as well as comparisons of MR and inductive heads will be discussed. The student will be able to use the information presented to design and analyze key experiments for head and medium evaluation as well as for overall system performance decisions. A parallel treatment of time and frequency response will enable the student to evaluate signal processing schemes. The book is intended either for senior-year undergraduates or first-year graduates. It assumes that the reader has had basic introductory electrical engineering or physics courses such as electricity and magnetism and applied mathematics.

  5. Governors Cite Education Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeil, Michele

    2007-01-01

    The three current presidential hopefuls with experience as state governors have records on education that offer voters an unusually detailed preview of what the nation's schools might expect if any of the three should win the White House next year. Those candidates--New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson, on the Democratic side, and former Governors…

  6. Photochromic diarylethene for reversible holographic recording

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xie Nan [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101 (China); Chen Yi [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101 (China)]. E-mail: yichencas@yahoo.com.cn; Yao Baoli [State Key Laboratory of Transient Optics Technology, Xi' an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi' an 710068 (China); Lie Ming [State Key Laboratory of Transient Optics Technology, Xi' an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi' an 710068 (China)

    2007-04-15

    A novel photochromic diarylethene with 2,5-dihydrothiophene bridging unit 1a was synthesized, and the photochromic properties of 1 were also investigated. It showed that 1 exhibited excellent ring-open and ring-closed photochromism with UV/vis light irradiation. Holographic recording was measured by employing the thin film of PMMA-diarylethene 1 as recording media. It showed that six different images were recorded in the same place on the sample with the dimension of 64 {mu}m x 42 {mu}m by the intersecting of the object beam and a reference beam with an intensity of 15 mW/cm{sup 2}, and the stored information was readout by the attenuated reference beam with an intensity of 0.5 mW/cm{sup 2}. In addition, preliminary investigations showed that the material was thermally stable and fatigue resistant.

  7. Photochromic diarylethene for reversible holographic recording

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A novel photochromic diarylethene with 2,5-dihydrothiophene bridging unit 1a was synthesized, and the photochromic properties of 1 were also investigated. It showed that 1 exhibited excellent ring-open and ring-closed photochromism with UV/vis light irradiation. Holographic recording was measured by employing the thin film of PMMA-diarylethene 1 as recording media. It showed that six different images were recorded in the same place on the sample with the dimension of 64 μm x 42 μm by the intersecting of the object beam and a reference beam with an intensity of 15 mW/cm2, and the stored information was readout by the attenuated reference beam with an intensity of 0.5 mW/cm2. In addition, preliminary investigations showed that the material was thermally stable and fatigue resistant

  8. NRC comprehensive records disposition schedule

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Effective January 1, 1982, NRC will institute records retention and disposal practices in accordance with the approved Comprehensive Records Disposition Schedule (CRDS). CRDS is comprised of NRC Schedules (NRCS) 1 to 4 which apply to the agency's program or substantive records and General Records Schedules (GRS) 1 to 22 which apply to housekeeping or facilitative records. The schedules are assembled functionally/organizationally to facilitate their use. Preceding the records descriptions and disposition instructions for both NRCS and GRS, there are brief statements on the organizational units which accumulate the records in each functional area, and other information regarding the schedules' applicability

  9. Single-Channel Recording of Ligand-Gated Ion Channels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plested, Andrew J R

    2016-01-01

    Single-channel recordings reveal the microscopic properties of individual ligand-gated ion channels. Such recordings contain much more information than measurements of ensemble behavior and can yield structural and functional information about the receptors that participate in fast synaptic transmission in the brain. With a little care, a standard patch-clamp electrophysiology setup can be adapted for single-channel recording in a matter of hours. Thenceforth, it is a realistic aim to record single-molecule activity with microsecond resolution from arbitrary cell types, including cell lines and neurons. PMID:27480725

  10. Beaming teaching application: recording techniques for spatial xylophone sound rendering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markovic, Milos; Madsen, Esben; Olesen, Søren Krarup; Hoffmann, Pablo F.; Hammershøi, Dorte

    played at student's location is required at teacher's site. This paper presents a comparison of different recording techniques for a spatial xylophone sound rendering. Directivity pattern of the xylophone was measured and spatial properties of the sound field created by a xylophone as a distributed sound...... source were analyzed. Xylophone recordings were performed using different microphone configurations: one and two-channel recording setups are implemented. Recordings were carried out in standard listening room and in an anechoic chamber. Differences between anechoic and reverberant xylophone sound for...

  11. Low noise design of perpendicular magnetic recording media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basic comprehensive design for low noise perpendicular magnetic recording media is studied. High squareness in perpendicular M-H loop and reduced magnetic domain size are the key properties for media with a low noise property. High squareness also favors thermal stability of recorded magnetization. Co-Cr based alloys are expected to be the candidate material for high recording density media far beyond 100 Gbit/in2 recording in terms of thermal issue while alternative materials with higher anisotropy should be introduced for the media aimed at 1 Tbit/in2. Reducing the domain size is the present issue for decreasing medium noise in double layered media. Although it is superficially contradictory to the low noise condition, the slope of the M-H loop should be kept steep to obtain a high recording performance. Paradigm shift from simple magnetic decoupling in the design of such media might be required

  12. Holographic Recording in Charged Photopolymerisable Nanocomposites

    OpenAIRE

    Yovcheva, Temenujka; Vlaeva, Ivanka; Sainov, Simeon; Naydenova, Izabela; Toal, Vincent; Mintova, Svetlana

    2009-01-01

    Self – processing photopolymers have a large number of different applications due to their versatile properties as holographic recording materials. A significant effort has been directed towards the development of photopolymers for holographic data storage [1, 2], holographic sensors [3], holographic optical elements [4] and display holograms [5]. The Centre for Industrial and Engineering Optics has been developing acrylamide based photopolymers for the last decade [6-8]. The main parameters ...

  13. Optimization by record dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barettin, Daniele; Sibani, Paolo

    2014-01-01

    Large dynamical changes in thermalizing glassy systems are triggered by trajectories crossing record sized barriers, a behavior revealing the presence of a hierarchical structure in configuration space. The observation is here turned into a novel local search optimization algorithm dubbed record......), is applied to the same problem as a benchmark. RDO and PT turn out to produce solutions of similar quality for similar numerical effort, but RDO is simpler to program and additionally yields geometrical information on the system’s configuration space which is of interest in many applications. In particular......, the effectiveness of RDO strongly indicates the presence of the above mentioned hierarchically organized configuration space, with metastable regions indexed by the cost (or energy) of the transition states connecting them....

  14. Case record analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Whitaker, Simon

    2009-01-01

    It is argued that the determinates of low frequency (less than once an hour) challenging behavior are likely to be more complex than those of high frequency behavior involving setting events that may not be present when the behavior occurs. The analysis of case records is then examined as a method of identifying possible setting events to low frequency behaviours. It is suggested that time series analysis, correlational analysis and time lag sequential analysis may all be useful methods in th...

  15. Personal Health Records

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kensing, F.

    2012-01-01

    in the distributed heterogeneous network of chronic patients and the healthcare professionals that take care of them. An interactive personal health record (PHR) has been designed as part of the project. As such it is part of a trend to find ways to include patients in their own care process. This has been motivated...... by expected health benefits for the patients as well as promises to lead to reduced costs for a burdened healthcare system....

  16. Radiation exposure records management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Management of individual radiation exposure records begins at employment with the accumulation of data pertinent to the individual and any previous occupational radiation exposure. Appropriate radiation monitorinng badges or devices are issued and accountability established. A computer master file is initiated to include the individual's name, payroll number, social security number, birth date, assigned department, and location. From this base, a radiation exposure history is accumulated to include external ionizing radiation exposure to skin and whole body, contributing neutron exposure, contributing tritium exposure, and extremity exposure. It is used also to schedule bioassay sampling and in-vivo counts and to provide other pertinent information. The file is used as a basis for providing periodic reports to management and monthly exposure summaries to departmental line supervision to assist in planning work so that individual annual exposures are kept as low as practical. Radiation exposure records management also includes documentation of radiation surveys performed by the health physicist to establish working rates and the individual estimating and recording his estimated exposure on a day-to-day basis. Exposure information is also available to contribute to Energy Research and Development Administration statistics and to the National Transuranium Registry

  17. Ultimate limits to thermally assisted magnetic recording

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of thermal energy to enable recording on extremely high anisotropy magnetic media appears to be a viable means of extending the density of stored information. The central physical issue facing the technology is what gain can be realized in writability along with long-term data stability using imaginable media materials. We reasonably expect the material properties M(T) and Hk(T) to determine this, since a stability metric for media with characteristic magnetization switching unit volume V is MV Hk/2kBT. This matter is controversial owing to still open questions related to thermomagnetic recording with temperature elevation above the Curie point and optimal cooling rates. There are indications that multi-component magnetic media may offer advantages in achieving performance goals. Beyond the physical issues lie engineering matters related to the correct system architecture to yield a practical storage device to meet future customer expectations. Here one must address a detailed means of delivering localized heating to the magnetic medium to perform efficient recording. To date, magnetic recording devices have been highly mechanical systems, so it is natural to inquire how a need for an aggressively heated head-medium interface could impact the evolution of future systems. Eventually elements of thermally assisted recording could be combined with patterned media approaches such as self-organized magnetic arrays to push toward ultimate limits where the thermal instability of bits overtakes engineered media materials. Finally, a practical recording system cannot be realized unless a means of finding, following, and reading the smallest bits with a usable signal-to-noise ratio exists-engineering issues separate from an ability to reliably record those bits. (topical review)

  18. Automating occupational protection records systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Occupational protection records have traditionally been generated by field and laboratory personnel, assembled into files in the safety office, and eventually stored in a warehouse or other facility. Until recently, these records have been primarily paper copies, often handwritten. Sometimes, the paper is microfilmed for storage. However, electronic records are beginning to replace these traditional methods. The purpose of this paper is to provide guidance for making the transition to automated record keeping and retrieval using modern computer equipment. This paper describes the types of records most readily converted to electronic record keeping and a methodology for implementing an automated record system. The process of conversion is based on a requirements analysis to assess program needs and a high level of user involvement during the development. The importance of indexing the hard copy records for easy retrieval is also discussed. The concept of linkage between related records and its importance relative to reporting, research, and litigation will be addressed. 2 figs

  19. Desert dust deposition on Mt. Elbrus, Caucasus Mountains, Russia in 2009-2012 as recorded in snow and shallow ice core: high-resolution "provenancing", transport patterns, physical properties and soluble ionic composition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutuzov, S.; Shahgedanova, M.; Mikhalenko, V.; Lavrentiev, I.; Kemp, S.

    2013-04-01

    A record of dust deposition events between 2009 and 2012 on Mt. Elbrus, Caucasus Mountains derived from a snow pit and a shallow ice core is presented for the first time for this region. A combination of isotopic analysis, SEVIRI red-green-blue composite imagery, MODIS atmospheric optical depth fields derived using the Deep Blue algorithm, air mass trajectories derived using the HYSPLIT model and analysis of meteorological data enabled identification of dust source regions with high temporal (hours) and spatial (cf. 20-100 km) resolution. Seventeen dust deposition events were detected; fourteen occurred in March-June, one in February and two in October. Four events originated in the Sahara, predominantly in north-eastern Libya and eastern Algeria. Thirteen events originated in the Middle East, in the Syrian Desert and northern Mesopotamia, from a mixture of natural and anthropogenic sources. Dust transportation from Sahara was associated with vigorous Saharan depressions, strong surface winds in the source region and mid-tropospheric south-westerly flow with daily winds speeds of 20-30 m s-1 at 700 hPa level and, although these events were less frequent, they resulted in higher dust concentrations in snow. Dust transportation from the Middle East was associated with weaker depressions forming over the source region, high pressure centered over or extending towards the Caspian Sea and a weaker southerly or south-easterly flow towards the Caucasus Mountains with daily wind speeds of 12-18 m s-1 at 700 hPa level. Higher concentrations of nitrates and ammonium characterise dust from the Middle East deposited on Mt. Elbrus in 2009 indicating contribution of anthropogenic sources. The modal values of particle size distributions ranged between 1.98 μm and 4.16 μm. Most samples were characterised by modal values of 2.0-2.8 μm with an average of 2.6 μm and there was no significant difference between dust from the Sahara and the Middle East.

  20. Desert dust deposition on Mt. Elbrus, Caucasus Mountains, Russia in 2009–2012 as recorded in snow and shallow ice core: high-resolution "provenancing", transport patterns, physical properties and soluble ionic composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Kutuzov

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A record of dust deposition events between 2009 and 2012 on Mt. Elbrus, Caucasus Mountains derived from a snow pit and a shallow ice core is presented for the first time for this region. A combination of isotopic analysis, SEVIRI red-green-blue composite imagery, MODIS atmospheric optical depth fields derived using the Deep Blue algorithm, air mass trajectories derived using the HYSPLIT model and analysis of meteorological data enabled identification of dust source regions with high temporal (hours and spatial (cf. 20–100 km resolution. Seventeen dust deposition events were detected; fourteen occurred in March–June, one in February and two in October. Four events originated in the Sahara, predominantly in north-eastern Libya and eastern Algeria. Thirteen events originated in the Middle East, in the Syrian Desert and northern Mesopotamia, from a mixture of natural and anthropogenic sources. Dust transportation from Sahara was associated with vigorous Saharan depressions, strong surface winds in the source region and mid-tropospheric south-westerly flow with daily winds speeds of 20–30 m s−1 at 700 hPa level and, although these events were less frequent, they resulted in higher dust concentrations in snow. Dust transportation from the Middle East was associated with weaker depressions forming over the source region, high pressure centered over or extending towards the Caspian Sea and a weaker southerly or south-easterly flow towards the Caucasus Mountains with daily wind speeds of 12–18 m s−1 at 700 hPa level. Higher concentrations of nitrates and ammonium characterise dust from the Middle East deposited on Mt. Elbrus in 2009 indicating contribution of anthropogenic sources. The modal values of particle size distributions ranged between 1.98 μm and 4.16 μm. Most samples were characterised by modal values of 2.0–2.8 μm with an average of 2.6 μm and there was no significant difference between dust from the Sahara and the Middle

  1. DVL Angular Velocity Recorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebe, Wolfgang

    1944-01-01

    In many studies, especially of nonstationary flight motion, it is necessary to determine the angular velocities at which the airplane rotates about its various axes. The three-component recorder is designed to serve this purpose. If the angular velocity for one flight attitude is known, other important quantities can be derived from its time rate of change, such as the angular acceleration by differentiations, or - by integration - the angles of position of the airplane - that is, the angles formed by the airplane axes with the axis direction presented at the instant of the beginning of the motion that is to be investigated.

  2. Preparation and recording characteristics of granular-type perpendicular magnetic recording media with thin intermediate layer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Granular-type media with thin Ru intermediate layer were prepared on a highly oriented high-Bs FeCo soft underlayer (SUL). A CoPt-TiO2 recording layer on a Ru intermediate layer of only 2 nm had high-crystal orientation, high Hc of 6.5 kOe, and a high squareness ratio (SQ) of 0.99. The magnetic property of the SUL was also good. The recording performance was measured for the media with different Ru intermediate thicknesses by using a single-pole-type (SPT) head. The media had large reproduced output even for the Ru intermediate layer thickness of 2 nm

  3. Weighing Rain Gauge Recording Charts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Weighing rain gauge charts record the amount of precipitation that falls at a given location. The vast majority of the Weighing Rain Gauge Recording Charts...

  4. Ruling by Record

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nuijten, Monique; Lorenzo, David

    2009-01-01

    combines qualitative ethnographic case studies with quantitative analysis of data on land distribution. In contrast to rights-based approaches, this perspective understands the legal discourses that people draw upon to explain property relations as `justifying rule talk' rather than the reflection of a...

  5. Quality assurance records system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide was prepared as part of the Agency's programme, referred to as the NUSS programme, for establishing Codes of Practice and Safety Guides relating to nuclear power plants. It supplements the IAEA Code of Practice on Quality Assurance for Safety in Nuclear Power Plants (IAEA Safety Series No.50-C-QA), which requires that for each nuclear power plant a system for the generation, identification, collection, indexing, filing, storing, maintenance and disposition of quality assurance records shall be established and executed in accordance with written procedures and instructions. The purpose of this Safety Guide is to provide assistance in the establishment and operation of such a system. An orderly established and maintained records system is considered to be part of the means of providing a basis for an appropriate level of confidence that the activities which affect the quality of a nuclear power plant have been performed in accordance with the specific requirements and that the required quality has been achieved and is maintained

  6. Record prices [crude oil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crude oil prices climbed to new record levels on fears of a future loss of supplies from Iran as Washington stepped up its efforts to persuade Tehran to abandon its programme to produce nuclear fuel. IPE's December Brent contract set a new record for the exchange by trading at $75.80/bbl on 21st April. On the same day October WTI reached an all-time high of $77.30/bbl on Nymex. US product prices gained as refiners struggled to produce sufficient middle distillate. Alarmed by the rising retail price of gasoline, the US Senate debated a reduction in the already low US tax rate on motor spirit. The House of Representatives passed a measure to prohibit overcharging for petrol, diesel and heating oil, but Democrats rejected a Republican proposal to speed-up the process for approving new refineries. President George W Bush announced a temporary easing of new gasoline and diesel specifications (see 'Focus', March 2006) to allow more fuel to be produced. He also agreed to delay the repayment of some 2.1 mn bbl of crude oil lent to companies after last year's hurricanes from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. California announced an inquiry into alleged overcharging for fuel by oil companies operating in the state. (author)

  7. 36 CFR 1270.30 - Disposal of Presidential records by incumbent President.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... records by incumbent President. 1270.30 Section 1270.30 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL... Records § 1270.30 Disposal of Presidential records by incumbent President. A President may, while in... President has obtained the written views of the Archivist concerning the proposed disposal; and (2)...

  8. 36 CFR 1290.8 - Implementing the JFK Act-Notice of Assassination Record Designation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Implementing the JFK Act... NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION JFK ASSASSINATION RECORDS GUIDANCE FOR INTERPRETATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY ASSASSINATION RECORDS COLLECTION ACT OF 1992 (JFK ACT) §...

  9. 36 CFR 1222.12 - What types of documentary materials are Federal records?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and 36 CFR 1220.18 and 1222.10 of this subchapter) to agency documentary materials in all formats and... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What types of documentary... AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT CREATION AND MAINTENANCE OF FEDERAL RECORDS...

  10. NRC comprehensive records disposition schedule

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Title 44 United States Code, ''Public Printing and Documents,'' regulations cited in the General Services Administration's (GSA) ''Federal Information Resources Management Regulations'' (FIRMR), Part 201-9, ''Creation, Maintenance, and Use of Records,'' and regulation issued by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in 36 CFR Chapter XII, Subchapter B, ''Records Management,'' require each agency to prepare and issue a comprehensive records disposition schedule that contains the NARA approved records disposition schedules for records unique to the agency and contains the NARA's General Records Schedules for records common to several or all agencies. The approved records disposition schedules specify the appropriate duration of retention and the final disposition for records created or maintained by the NRC. NUREG-0910, Rev. 2, contains ''NRC's Comprehensive Records Disposition Schedule,'' and the original authorized approved citation numbers issued by NARA. Rev. 2 totally reorganizes the records schedules from a functional arrangement to an arrangement by the host office. A subject index and a conversion table have also been developed for the NRC schedules to allow staff to identify the new schedule numbers easily and to improve their ability to locate applicable schedules

  11. 36 CFR 9.42 - Well records and reports, plots and maps, samples, tests and surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Well records and reports, plots and maps, samples, tests and surveys. 9.42 Section 9.42 Parks, Forests, and Public Property... Well records and reports, plots and maps, samples, tests and surveys. Any technical data...

  12. Rosiglitazone RECORD study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Home, P D; Jones, N P; Pocock, S J;

    2007-01-01

    AIMS: To compare glucose control over 18 months between rosiglitazone oral combination therapy and combination metformin and sulphonylurea in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: RECORD, a multicentre, parallel-group study of cardiovascular outcomes, enrolled people with an HbA(1c) of 7.1-9.0% on...... maximum doses of metformin or sulphonylurea. If on metformin they were randomized to add-on rosiglitazone or sulphonylurea (open label) and if on sulphonylurea to rosiglitazone or metformin. HbA(1c) was managed to < or = 7.0% by dose titration. A prospectively defined analysis of glycaemic control on the...... when rosiglitazone or metformin was added to sulphonylurea [0.06 (-0.09, 0.20)%]. At 6 months, the effect on HbA(1c) was greater with add-on sulphonylurea, but was similar whether sulphonylurea was added to rosiglitazone or metformin. Differences in fasting plasma glucose were not statistically...

  13. Streamflows at record highs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streamflow was reported well above average in more than half the country during May, with flows at or near record levels for the month in 22 states, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Department of the Interior.USGS hydrologists said that above average flow was reported at 98 of the 173 USGS key index gauging stations used in their monthly check on surface- and ground-water conditions. High flows were most prevalent in the Mississippi River basin states and in the east, with the exception of Maine, South Carolina, and Georgia. Below-average streamflow occurred in the Pacific northwest and in small scattered areas in Colorado, Kansas, Texas, and Minnesota.

  14. Holographic recording in acrylamide photopolymers: thickness limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmud, Mohammad Sultan; Naydenova, Izabela; Pandey, Nitesh; Babeva, Tzwetanka; Jallapuram, Raghavendra; Martin, Suzanne; Toal, Vincent

    2009-05-10

    Holographic recording in thick photopolymer layers is important for application in holographic data storage, volume holographic filters, and correlators. Here, we studied the characteristics of acrylamide-based photopolymer layers ranging in thickness from 250 microm to 1 mm. For each thickness, samples with three different values of absorbance were studied. By measuring the diffraction efficiency growth of holographically recorded gratings and studying the diffraction patterns obtained, the influence of scattering on the diffraction efficiency of thick volume holographic gratings was analyzed. It was found that, above a particular thickness and absorbance, the diffraction efficiency significantly decreased because of increased holographic scattering. From the diffraction efficiency dependence on absorbance and thickness it is possible to choose photopolymer layer properties that are suitable for a particular holographic application. This study was carried out to determine the highest layer thickness that could be used for phase code multiplexed holographic data storage utilizing thick photopolymer layers as a recording medium. Based on our studies to date we believe that the layer to be used for phase coded reference beam recording with 0.1 absorbance at 532 nm can have a thickness up to 450 microm. The potential use of thicker layers characterized by low scattering losses is part of our continuing research. PMID:19424384

  15. NRC comprehensive records disposition schedule

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Effective January 1, 1982, NRC will institute records retention and disposal practives in accordance with the approved Comprehensive Records Disposition Schedule (CRDS). CRDS is comprised of NRC Schedules (NRCS) 1 to 4 which apply to the agency's program or substantive records and General Records Schedules (GRS) 1 to 24 which apply to housekeeping or facilitative records. NRCS-I applies to records common to all or most NRC offices; NRCS-II applies to program records as found in the various offices of the Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel, and the Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Panel; NRCS-III applies to records accumulated by the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards; and NRCS-IV applies to records accumulated in the various NRC offices under the Executive Director for Operations. The schedules are assembled functionally/organizationally to facilitate their use. Preceding the records descriptions and disposition instructions for both NRCS and GRS, there are brief statements on the organizational units which accumulate the records in each functional area, and other information regarding the schedules' applicability

  16. Record occurrence and record values in daily and monthly temperatures

    CERN Document Server

    Wergen, Gregor; Krug, Joachim

    2012-01-01

    We analyze the occurrence and the values of record-breaking temperatures in daily and monthly temperature observations. Our aim is to better understand and quantify the statistics of temperature records in the context of global warming. Similar to earlier work we employ a simple mathematical model of independent and identically distributed random variables with a linearly growing expectation value. This model proved to be useful in predicting the increase (decrease) in upper (lower) temperature records in a warming climate. Using both station and re-analysis data from Europe and the United States we further investigate the statistics of temperature records and the validity of this model. The most important new contribution in this article is an analysis of the statistics of record values for our simple model and European reanalysis data. We estimate how much the mean values and the distributions of record temperatures are affected by the large scale warming trend. In this context we consider both the values o...

  17. Time reversibility of intracranial human EEG recordings in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Heyden, M. J.; Diks, C.; Pijn, J. P. M.; Velis, D. N.

    1996-02-01

    Intracranial electroencephalograms from patients suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy were tested for time reversibility. If the recorded time series is irreversible, the input of the recording system cannot be a realisation of a linear Gaussian random process. We confirmed experimentally that the measurement equipment did not introduce irreversibility in the recorded output when the input was a realisation of a linear Gaussian random process. In general, the non-seizure recordings are reversible, whereas the seizure recordings are irreversible. These results suggest that time reversibility is a useful property for the characterisation of human intracranial EEG recordings in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.

  18. PVA with nopal dye as holographic recording material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toxqui-López, S.; Olivares-Pérez, A.; Fuentes-Tapia, I.; Pinto-Iguanero, B.

    2011-09-01

    Cactus nopal dye is introduced into a polyvinyl alcohol matrix achieving a like brown appearance thick film, such that they can be used as a recording medium. This dye material provides excellent property as photosensitizer, i.e., easy handling, low cost and can be used in real time holographic recording applications. The experimental results show the diffraction efficiencies obtained by recording grating patterns induced by a He-Cd laser (442nm). For the samples, a thick film of polyvinyl alcohol and dye from cactus nopal was deposited by the gravity technique on a glass substrate. This mixture dries to form a photosensitive emulsion.

  19. Quantitative model of record stratospheric freefall

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Before the record stratospheric jump of Felix Baumgartner last October, the study of high-altitude freefall was hampered by the lack of sufficient or reliable experimental data. His feat and the organizers' publishing of GPS data have provided us with a nice experiment to study on an introductory physics course. A quantitative approach to freefall dynamics requires only a spreadsheet model incorporating air properties calculated with the standard atmosphere model and a speed-dependent drag force in a transonic–supersonic regime through a variable CDA product, where CD is the drag coefficient and A is the maximum skydiver cross-section area. (paper)

  20. The foundations of magnetic recording

    CERN Document Server

    Mallinson, John C

    1993-01-01

    This expanded and updated new edition provides a comprehensive overview of the science and technology of magnetic recording. In the six years since the publication of the first edition, the magnetic recording and storage industry has burgeoned with the introduction of a host of new ideas and technologies. His book contains a discussion of almost every technologically important aspect of recording.* Continas complete coverage of the current technology of magnetic recording and storage* Written in a non-mathematical but scientifically accurate style* Permits intelligent evaluat

  1. Tunable metasurfaces (Presentation Recording)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atwater, Harry A.

    2015-09-01

    Metasurfaces composed of sub-wavelength artificial structures show promise for extraordinary light-manipulation and development of ultrathin optical components such as lenses, wave plates, orbital angular detection, and holograms over a broad range of the electromagnetic spectrum. However structures developed to date do not allow for post-fabrication control of antenna properties. We have investigated the integration of the transparent conductor indium tin oxide (ITO) active elements to realize gate-tunable phased arrays of subwavelength patch antenna in a metasurface configuration to enable gate tunable permittivity. The magnetic dipole resonance of each patch antenna interacts with the carrier density-dependent permittivity resonance of the ITO to enable phase and amplitude tunability. Operation of patch antennas and beam steering phased arrays will be discussed.

  2. Records and record-keeping for the hospital compounding pharmacist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McElhiney, Linda F

    2007-01-01

    The United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc., is recognized by federal law and by most state boards of pharmacy as the official group for setting the standards for pharmaceuticals and pharmacy practice, including compounding. The standards of United States Pharmacopeia Chapter 795 require that a pharmacy maintain records on a compounded preparation, including the formulation record, and a Material Safety Data Sheets file. The American Society of Health-Systems Pharmacists' guidelines require that hospital pharmacy departments maintain at least four sets of records in the compounding area: (1) compounding formulas and procedures, (2) compounding logs of all compounded preparations, including batch records and sample batch labels, (3) equipment maintenance records, and (4) a record of ingredients purchased, including cerificates of analysis and Material Saftey Data Sheets. Hospital compounding records may be inspected by any of several outside organizations, including state boards of pharmacy, third-party payers, the Joint Commission on Accreditaion of Healthcare Organizations, the Drug Enforcement Agency, and attorneys. With the existing standards and guidelines in place and the importance of documentation unquestionable, a record of pharmacy activites should be maintained in a compounding pharmacy so that preparations can be replicated consistently, the history of each ingredient traced, equipment maintenance and calibration verified, and compounding procedures evaluated easily. PMID:23974620

  3. Intracellular recording of action potentials by nanopillar electroporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Chong; Lin, Ziliang; Hanson, Lindsey; Cui, Yi; Cui, Bianxiao

    2012-03-01

    Action potentials have a central role in the nervous system and in many cellular processes, notably those involving ion channels. The accurate measurement of action potentials requires efficient coupling between the cell membrane and the measuring electrodes. Intracellular recording methods such as patch clamping involve measuring the voltage or current across the cell membrane by accessing the cell interior with an electrode, allowing both the amplitude and shape of the action potentials to be recorded faithfully with high signal-to-noise ratios. However, the invasive nature of intracellular methods usually limits the recording time to a few hours, and their complexity makes it difficult to simultaneously record more than a few cells. Extracellular recording methods, such as multielectrode arrays and multitransistor arrays, are non-invasive and allow long-term and multiplexed measurements. However, extracellular recording sacrifices the one-to-one correspondence between the cells and electrodes, and also suffers from significantly reduced signal strength and quality. Extracellular techniques are not, therefore, able to record action potentials with the accuracy needed to explore the properties of ion channels. As a result, the pharmacological screening of ion-channel drugs is usually performed by low-throughput intracellular recording methods. The use of nanowire transistors, nanotube-coupled transistors and micro gold-spine and related electrodes can significantly improve the signal strength of recorded action potentials. Here, we show that vertical nanopillar electrodes can record both the extracellular and intracellular action potentials of cultured cardiomyocytes over a long period of time with excellent signal strength and quality. Moreover, it is possible to repeatedly switch between extracellular and intracellular recording by nanoscale electroporation and resealing processes. Furthermore, vertical nanopillar electrodes can detect subtle changes in action

  4. Usage Reporting on Recorded Lectures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gorissen, Pierre; Bruggen, Jan van; Jochems, Wim

    2012-01-01

    This study analyses the interactions of students with the recorded lectures. We report on an analysis of students' use of recorded lectures at two Universities in the Netherlands. The data logged by the lecture capture system (LCS) is used and combined with collected survey data. We describe the pro

  5. 75 FR 2821 - Personnel Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ...; ] OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 5 CFR Part 293 RIN 3206-AM05 Personnel Records AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Proposed rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: The U.S. Office of Personnel... Bennett, Records Manager, Office of Chief Information Officer, Office of Personnel Management, 1900...

  6. 76 FR 55880 - Recording Assignments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ..., depending on the date they were recorded. The public may also search patent and trademark assignment... United States Patent and Trademark Office Recording Assignments ACTION: Proposed collection; comment request. SUMMARY: The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), as part of its continuing...

  7. The science of sound recording

    CERN Document Server

    Kadis, Jay

    2012-01-01

    The Science of Sound Recording will provide you with more than just an introduction to sound and recording, it will allow you to dive right into some of the technical areas that often appear overwhelming to anyone without an electrical engineering or physics background.  The Science of Sound Recording helps you build a basic foundation of scientific principles, explaining how recording really works. Packed with valuable must know information, illustrations and examples of 'worked through' equations this book introduces the theory behind sound recording practices in a logical and prac

  8. 化学沉积CoNiP薄膜的磁性及其在传感器中的应用研究%Magnetic property of chemical deposition CoNiP thin films and magnetic recording performance in magnetic sensors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海成; 张恩; 王立锦; 于广华

    2012-01-01

    CoNiP thin films were prepared by chemical wet depositon, and the effect of plating parameters on (20- NiP magnetic property and magnetic recording performance in magnetic rotary encoders were studied. The results showed that, the films coercivity and squareness ratio decreased with the increasing of plating time. When the plating time was 3rain, Co-Ni-P film coercivity was 42506.4A/m and squareness ratio was 0.55, seperately. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy results indicated that, with the plating time increased, the films coercivity decreased, the grains grew larger, and exhibited a preferred orientation. The CoNiP film was used to make a 60 mm diameter magnetic drum of a magnetic retory encoder. The recording performance testing results revealed that the CoNiP films could be recorded 2048 original magnetic poles while the amplitude of the Output square waves were uniform. It is suggested that the chemical deposition CoNiP films could be a promis- ing candidate as recording media for high accuracy and high resolution magnetic rotary encoders.%采用化学湿法沉积制备了Co-Ni-P磁性薄膜,研究了工艺条件对其磁性的影响,并对其作为磁旋转编码器磁鼓记录介质的记录特性进行了分析。研究结果表明,薄膜矫顽力和矩形比随施镀时间增加而下降。当施镀时间为3min时,Co-Ni-P薄膜矫顽力可达42506.4A/m,矩形比为0.55。X射线衍射及扫描电镜结果表明,随施镀时间增加,薄膜矫顽力下降,晶粒尺寸变大,并发生明显的择优取向。将化学沉积Co-Ni-P薄膜应用于磁旋转编码器的磁鼓记录介质,记录特性测试结果表明,输出信号良好,脉冲计数完整,波形良好,可完整写入2048对磁极。化学沉积Co-Ni-P磁性薄膜适合于高精度、高分辨率的磁旋转编码器的磁鼓记录材料。

  9. 75 FR 61865 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... OMB (65 FR 77677, December 12, 2000). II. Proposed Routine Use Disclosures of Data in the System The... reputations of the record subjects, harm to the economic or property interests, identity theft or fraud, or... (NICS) mandated by the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, Public Law 103-159. Approved: September...

  10. 76 FR 33286 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... Management System'' (GSA/GOVT-7). See 73 FR 22377 (Apr. 25, 2008). This system will cover all participating... information in the system has been compromised; (b) there is a risk of harm to economic or property interests... Information Act and Privacy Act Records'' (FHFA-13). Two of the proposed new systems, (FHFA-8) and...

  11. Accelerated optical holographic recording using bis-DNO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle H.; Ramanujam, P.S.; Hvilsted, Søren;

    1999-01-01

    The design, synthesis and optical holographic recording properties of bis-DNO are reported. Bis-DNO is composed of two identical azobenzene oligoornithine segments (DNO) connected via a dipeptide linker. The two segments were assembled in a parallel fashion at the two amino groups of the dipeptid...

  12. Persistence of random walk records

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study records generated by Brownian particles in one dimension. Specifically, we investigate an ordinary random walk and define the record as the maximal position of the walk. We compare the record of an individual random walk with the mean record, obtained as an average over infinitely many realizations. We term the walk ‘superior’ if the record is always above average, and conversely, the walk is said to be ‘inferior’ if the record is always below average. We find that the fraction of superior walks, S, decays algebraically with time, S ∼ t−β, in the limit t → ∞, and that the persistence exponent is nontrivial, β = 0.382 258…. The fraction of inferior walks, I, also decays as a power law, I ∼ t−α, but the persistence exponent is smaller, α = 0.241 608…. Both exponents are roots of transcendental equations involving the parabolic cylinder function. To obtain these theoretical results, we analyze the joint density of superior walks with a given record and position, while for inferior walks it suffices to study the density as a function of position. (paper)

  13. 1993 Department of Energy Records Management Conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    This document consists of viewgraphs from the presentations at the conference. Topics included are: DOE records management overview, NIRMA and ARMA resources, NARA records management training, potential quality assurance records, filing systems, organizing and indexing technical records, DOE-HQ initiatives, IRM reviews, status of epidemiologic inventory, disposition of records and personal papers, inactive records storage, establishing administrative records, managing records at Hanford, electronic mail -- legal and records issues, NARA-GAO reports status, consultive selling, automated indexing, decentralized approach to scheduling at a DOE office, developing specific records management programs, storage and retrieval at Savannah River Plant, an optical disk case study, and special interest group reports.

  14. Trends in magnetic recording media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köster, E.

    1993-03-01

    The fifth M.R.M. Conference in Perugia presents an opportunity to analyse the market situation of magnetic recording media, the trend in future recording systems and the potential of present contenders for flexible media to meet future requirements. The main products in quantity and value are either in their zenith of product cycle or near to it. Highly innovative systems are needed in order to stimulate new applications or markets. The most challenging application is digital recording of HDTV for which particle in polymer binder technology is not yet fully ruled out by thin film ME technology. Improvements are expected from magnetic particles and binder, dispersion as well as coating technology.

  15. Electronic health records for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Trenor

    2010-01-01

    The straight scoop on choosing and implementing an electronic health records (EHR) system Doctors, nurses, and hospital and clinic administrators are interested in learning the best ways to implement and use an electronic health records system so that they can be shared across different health care settings via a network-connected information system. This helpful, plain-English guide provides need-to-know information on how to choose the right system, assure patients of the security of their records, and implement an EHR in such a way that it causes minimal disruption to the daily demands of a

  16. Patient records and clinical overview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lotte Groth

    2016-01-01

    investigate the creation of overview in daily clinical practice and further investigates how respectively a paper-based patient record and an EPR supports the creation of clinical overview. That the change from paper-based patient record to EPR can cause difficulties, interruptions and challenges...... or rendered visible in detail. Studies have been conducted on the differences on using respectively a paper-based patient record and an EPR, but few studies have focused on the creation of overview in daily clinical practice in connection with this transition. Therefore, the aim of this PhD dissertation...... of clinical overview. Considering the change from paper-based patient record to EPR, the dissertation also investigates how the two artefacts support the creation of clinical overview. The present dissertation is primarily based on ethnographic inspired observational studies and semi-structured interviews...

  17. Scaling in Athletic World Records

    OpenAIRE

    Savaglio, Sandra; Carbone, Vincenzo

    2000-01-01

    World records in athletics provide a measure of physical as well as physiological human performance. Here we analyse running records and show that the mean speed as a function of race time can be described by two scaling laws that have a breakpoint at about 150-170 seconds (corresponding to the ~1,000 m race). We interpret this as being the transition time between anaerobic and aerobic energy expenditure by athletes.

  18. 购OPPO BDP-83蓝光播放机获赠视听大礼包

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    现凡在中国大陆及港澳台地区,通过欧酷网(www.ouku.com)购买OPPO BDP-83蓝光播放机,即可获赠精美的视听大礼包(价值约700元),礼包包括:《战争之王》(蓝光碟)、《玩命速递3》(蓝光碟)、《龙之战》(蓝光碟),以及美国原版蓝光音、视频测试碟:《AIX RECORDS AUDIO CALIBRATION DISC HD MUSIC SAMPLER和Spears&Munsil High Definition Benchmark:Blu-ray Edition》。

  19. 36 CFR 1290.3 - Sources of assassination records and additional records and information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION JFK ASSASSINATION RECORDS GUIDANCE FOR INTERPRETATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY ASSASSINATION RECORDS COLLECTION ACT OF 1992 (JFK ACT) §...

  20. 27 CFR 24.317 - Sugar record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sugar record. 24.317... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS WINE Records and Reports § 24.317 Sugar record. A proprietor who receives, stores, or uses sugar shall maintain a record of receipt and use. The record will show the date...

  1. Problems in the Preservation of Electronic Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Lim Siew; Ramaiah, Chennupati K.; Wal, Pitt Kuan

    2003-01-01

    Discusses issues related to the preservation of electronic records. Highlights include differences between physical and electronic records; volume of electronic records; physical media; authenticity; migration of electronic records; metadata; legal issues; improved storage media; and projects for preservation of electronic records. (LRW)

  2. Intellectual Property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swinson, John V.

    2000-01-01

    Intellectual property is a term that covers a number of different rights. Considers issues such as what are the basic forms of intellectual property; who owns the intellectual property created by a teacher; who owns intellectual property created by students; and use of downloaded materials from the internet. (Author/LM)

  3. NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Sea Surface Temperature -WHOI, Version 1.0

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA Ocean Surface Bundle (OSB) Climate Data Record (CDR) consist of three parts: sea surface temperature, near-surface atmospheric properties, and heat fluxes....

  4. NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Ocean Heat Fluxes, Version 1.0

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NOAA Ocean Surface Bundle (OSB) Climate Data Record (CDR) consist of three parts: sea surface temperature, near-surface atmospheric properties, and heat fluxes....

  5. Characterization of Bivariate Distributions Using Concomitants of Generalized (k) Record Values

    OpenAIRE

    Poruthiyudian Yageen Thomas; Philip Anne; Thankachan Geetha Veena

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we have derived some properties of concomitants of generalized (k) record values which characterize the generalized Morgenstern family of bivariate distributions.  The role of concomitants of generalized (k) record values in the unique determination of the parent bivariate distribution has been established.  We have also illustrated how the concomitants of generalized (k) record values characterize the Morgenstern family of bivariate distributions.

  6. Triggering tradeoffs for recording dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulz, R.P.; Laios, B.B.

    1997-04-01

    Dynamics recording devices (DRD) that monitor and record the transient or dynamic response of power systems are installed across power systems. DRDs that have been installed in the last decade have increasingly used digital computer implementation; these include digital relays, digital fault recorders, integrated electronic controls for substation automation, and many digitally implemented controls such as excitation system controls and stabilizers. The system dynamics of interest generally lie in the frequency range below 5 Hz and may require recordings up to 2 to 5 minutes. This timeframe includes the times for transient instability, oscillatory instability, and governing responses, as well as the initial responses of secondary controls including power plant controls and automatic generation control (AGC). In some applications, the frequency range may be greater for monitoring the faster dynamics associated with flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) devices and subsynchronous oscillatory interactions. Recordings from DRDs are used for event reconstruction, review of the action of control and protection systems, and detection of unexpected dynamics within the power system. In recent years, DRDs have been recognized as viable options for data to be used in control functions, including those associated with FACTS devices. DRDs and monitoring systems need triggering algorithms and settings that dependably and securely detect unusual events in the presence of normal power system events such as switching, customer load changes, and other routine operations. This article describes how to address these needs.

  7. Copyright for archivists and records managers

    CERN Document Server

    Padfield, Tim

    2010-01-01

    This comprehensive manual outlines copyright law in the UK with special reference to materials relevant to archive and records collections such as maps, legal records, records of local authorities, and more.

  8. 36 CFR 1250.12 - What types of records are available in NARA's FOIA Reading Room?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... records are located. See 36 CFR parts 1253 and 1254 for a fuller description of NARA facilities and... available in NARA's FOIA Reading Room? 1250.12 Section 1250.12 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL... records are available in NARA's FOIA Reading Room? (a) NARA makes available for public inspection...

  9. 36 CFR 1236.24 - What are the additional requirements for managing unstructured electronic records?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the additional requirements for managing unstructured electronic records? 1236.24 Section 1236.24 Parks, Forests, and Public... Additional Requirements for Electronic Records § 1236.24 What are the additional requirements for...

  10. 36 CFR 1256.26 - When can I appeal decisions about access to Federal archival records?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 1250, subpart D, Appeals. (b) For information on filing appeals for requests made under... about access to Federal archival records? 1256.26 Section 1256.26 Parks, Forests, and Public Property... HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Federal Archival Records § 1256.26 When can I appeal decisions about access...

  11. 36 CFR 1234.10 - What are the facility requirements for all records storage facilities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements for all records storage facilities? 1234.10 Section 1234.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property... FACILITIES Facility Standards § 1234.10 What are the facility requirements for all records storage facilities... specified in NFPA 13 (incorporated by reference, see § 1234.3). (2) An agency may request a waiver of...

  12. Wildlife Mitigation Program. Record of Decision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to adopt a set of Descriptions (goals, strategies, and procedural requirements) that apply to future BPA-funded wildlife mitigation projects. Various. sources-including Indian tribes, state agencies, property owners, private conservation groups, or other Federal agencies-propose wildlife mitigation projects to the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) for BPA funding. Following independent scientific and public reviews, Council then selects projects to recommend for BPA funding. BPA adopts this set of prescriptions to standardize the planning and implementation of individual wildlife mitigation projects. This decision is based on consideration of potential environmental impacts evaluated in BPA's Wildlife Mitigation Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0246) published March, 20, 1997, and filed with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the week of March 24, 1997 (EPA Notice of Availability Published April 4, 1997, 62 FR 65, 16154). BPA will distribute this Record of Decision to all known interested and affected persons, groups, tribes, and agencies

  13. Renormalized anisotropic exchange for representing heat assisted magnetic recording media

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiao, Yipeng; Liu, Zengyuan; Victora, R. H., E-mail: victora@umn.edu [MINT Center, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States)

    2015-05-07

    Anisotropic exchange has been incorporated in a description of magnetic recording media near the Curie temperature, as would be found during heat assisted magnetic recording. The new parameters were found using a cost function that minimized the difference between atomistic properties and those of renormalized spin blocks. Interestingly, the anisotropic exchange description at 1.5 nm discretization yields very similar switching and magnetization behavior to that found at 1.2 nm (and below) discretization for the previous isotropic exchange. This suggests that the increased accuracy of anisotropic exchange may also reduce the computational cost during simulation.

  14. Renormalized anisotropic exchange for representing heat assisted magnetic recording media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anisotropic exchange has been incorporated in a description of magnetic recording media near the Curie temperature, as would be found during heat assisted magnetic recording. The new parameters were found using a cost function that minimized the difference between atomistic properties and those of renormalized spin blocks. Interestingly, the anisotropic exchange description at 1.5 nm discretization yields very similar switching and magnetization behavior to that found at 1.2 nm (and below) discretization for the previous isotropic exchange. This suggests that the increased accuracy of anisotropic exchange may also reduce the computational cost during simulation

  15. Analysing the Cenozoic depositional record

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goledowski, Bartosz; Clausen, O.R.; Nielsen, S.B.

    between the global climate record (oxygen isotopes) and lithology variations on the Eocene-Oligocene transition in the eastern North Sea. Due to the strongly limited time resolution of low temperature thermochronology, the Cenozoic sedimentary record potentially provides the most detailed history of...... lower limit to erosion rate in source areas of the respective sedimentary bodies. The lower limit arises because some erosional products are transported out of the mapped area, and some erosion is caused by chemical dissolution. The development of the source areas will be modelled using surface process...... models. The matrix mass deposition history will be compared with the paleoclimate record (e.g. oxygen isotope curves) to see if the previously observed correlation in the eastern North Sea can be extended to other ages and locations.  ...

  16. Automated reactor records evaluation framework

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The only truly reliable method for core physics code validation is comparison against experimental data – and for power nuclear reactors, the only reasonably acquirable kind of experimental data are the reactor records. However, the amount of the data coming from the reactor operation is often so vast that it can be discouraging for the code developers to use it properly. Thus, the validation package is further reduced because the data is hard to use. This paper presents an elaborate, fully automated framework, which was designed and implemented in our institute, for reactor records processing and its use for core physics code validation. The workflow, implemented as a Web 2.0 application, provides a practical and painless solution for use of reactor records data for code development and validation. (author)

  17. Pareto analysis based on records

    CERN Document Server

    Doostparast, M

    2012-01-01

    Estimation of the parameters of an exponential distribution based on record data has been treated by Samaniego and Whitaker (1986) and Doostparast (2009). Recently, Doostparast and Balakrishnan (2011) obtained optimal confidence intervals as well as uniformly most powerful tests for one- and two-sided hypotheses concerning location and scale parameters based on record data from a two-parameter exponential model. In this paper, we derive optimal statistical procedures including point and interval estimation as well as most powerful tests based on record data from a two-parameter Pareto model. For illustrative purpose, a data set on annual wages of a sample production-line workers in a large industrial firm is analyzed using the proposed procedures.

  18. Distributed Virtual Patient Record System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Bhuvaneswari

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Distributed virtual patient record system is proposed for diagnosis and analysis. It permits physicians located at various places to consult on the status of the patient. In spite of patient data located at various sites, the data can be assembled and the patient record can be constructed dynamically by using the patient’s Social Security Number (SSN. Later, a graphical model could be constructed through which consulting physicians can derive useful information about the current status of the patient. It uses modern distributed objects and emerging telecollaboration tools. In this study, we describe the meaning of distributed virtual patient record, the barriers for implementing the system, requirements of the system and services. In addition, an example named “TeleMed” which implements this concept has been described.

  19. Medical Secretaries’ Care of Records

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bossen, Claus; Jensen, Lotte Groth; Witt, Flemming

    2012-01-01

    We describe the cooperative work of medical secretaries at two hospital departments, during the implementation of an electronic health record system. Medical secretaries' core task is to take care of patient records by ensuring that also do information gatekeeping and articulation work. The EHR...... implementation stressed their importance to the departments' work arrangements, coupled their work more tightly to that of other staff, and led to task drift among professions. information is complete, up to date, and correctly coded. Medical secretaries While medical secretaries have been relatively invisible...

  20. 77 FR 5865 - Privacy Act; System of Records: State-59, Refugee Case Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ...-59, Refugee Case Records (72 FR 45081) and State-60, Refugee Processing Center Records (72 FR 45084... Act; System of Records: State-59, Refugee Case Records SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Department of State proposes to consolidate two existing systems of records, Refugee Case Records,...

  1. A Record of Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Zach

    2007-01-01

    The hydrologic cycle is a very basic scientific principle. In this article, background information is presented on how the hydrologic cycle provides scientists with clues to understanding the history of Earth's climate. Also detailed is a web-based activity that allows students to learn about how scientists are able to piece together a record of…

  2. New internet speed record set

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    " Researchers in the U.S. and the Netherlands have established a new record for sending data across the Internet, transferring 6.7 gigabytes (6.7 billion `words') of information across 10,978 kilometres (6,800 miles) in 58 seconds" (1 page).

  3. Dental Electronic Health Record Evaluation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chleborád, K.; Zvára Jr., Karel; Dostálová, T.; Zvára, Karel; Ivančáková, R.; Zvárová, Jana; Smidl, L.; Trmal, J.; Psutka, J.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 1, č. 1 (2013), s. 50-50. ISSN 1805-8698. [EFMI 2013 Special Topic Conference. 17.04.2013-19.04.2013, Prague] Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : dentistry * medical documentation * electronic health record Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  4. Masonry. Progress Record, Theory Outline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

    Intended to reduce unnecessary paper work on the part of the shop instructor in a masonry course, this job assignment book offers a simplified method of keeping student records up-to-date. It lists theory objectives and specific objectives for masonry courses in grades 10, 11, and 12. To help the instructor in planning and organizing in advance, a…

  5. Synchronized whistlers recorded at Varanasi

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rajesh Singh; Ashok K Singh; R P Singh

    2003-06-01

    Some interesting events of synchronized whistlers recorded at low latitude station Varanasi during magnetic storm period of the year 1977 are presented. The dynamic spectrum analysis shows that the component whistlers are Eckersley whistlers having dispersion 10 s1/2 and 30 s1/2. An attempt has been made to explain the dynamic spectra using lightning discharge generated from magnetospheric sources.

  6. Voice recording module in PACS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the development and implementation of picture archiving and communications system (PACS) modules and their value in reducing the burden of storage, transmission, and access to patient image files. The authors describe the integration of a voice-recording module in the existing PACS system. The implementation procedure is presented and the benefits are given

  7. Universal Electronic Health Record MUDR

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hanzlíček, Petr; Špidlen, Josef; Nagy, Miroslav

    Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2004 - (Duplaga, M.; Zielinski, K.; Ingram, D.), s. 190-201. (Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 105). ISBN 1-58603-279-8 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LN00B107 Keywords : electronic health record * knowledge base * MUDR HER Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  8. Physical properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research activities into the physical properties of metals and ceramics at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory during 1976 are reported. Topics covered include: high field superconductivity; microstructure and mechanical behavior of ceramics, glass-metal, and ceramic-metal systems; high temperature reactions; relation of microstructure to properties in ceramics; and structure and properties of carbon materials and composite materials

  9. Fast-breeder-power reactor records in the INIS database

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents a statistical analysis of more than 19,700 records of publications concerned with research and technology in the field of fast breeder power fission reactors which are included in the INIS Bibliographic Database for the period from 1970. to 1999. The main objectives of this bibliometric study were: to make an inventory of the fast breeder power reactor related records in the INIS Database; to provide statistics and scientific indicators for the INIS users, namely science managers, researchers, engineers, operators, scientific editors and publishers, decision-makers in the field of fast breeder power reactors related subjects; to extract other useful information from the INIS Bibliographic Database about articles published in fast breeder reactors research and technology. The quantitative data in this report are obtained for various properties of relevant INIS records such as year of publication, secondary subject categories, countries of publication, language, publication types, literary types, etc. (author)

  10. Research reactor records in the INIS Database - A bibliometric study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents a statistical analysis of more than 13,000 records of publications concerned with research and technology in the field of research and/or experimental reactors which are included in the INIS Bibliographic Database for the period from 1970 to 2002. The main objectives of this bibliometric study were: to make an inventory of research reactor related records in the INIS Database; to provide statistics and scientific indicators for the INIS users, namely science managers, researchers, engineers, operators, scientific editors and publishers, decision-makers in the field of research reactors related subjects; to extract other useful information from the INIS Bibliographic Database about articles published in research reactors research and technology. Special attention is devoted to publications related to fuel management and RERTR issues. The quantitative data in this report are obtained for various properties of relevant INIS records such as year of publication, secondary subject categories, countries of publication, language, publication types, literary types, etc. (author)

  11. 20 CFR 702.111 - Employer's records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employer's records. 702.111 Section 702.111... § 702.111 Employer's records. Every employer shall maintain adequate records of injury sustained by... by any State authority. Records required by this section shall be retained by the employer for...

  12. 76 FR 43960 - NARA Records Reproduction Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION 36 CFR Part 1258 RIN 3095-AB71 NARA Records Reproduction Fees AGENCY: National... its regulations to add the methodology for creating and changing records reproduction fees, to remove records reproduction fees found in its regulations, and to provide a notification process for the...

  13. 27 CFR 17.164 - Production record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Production record. 17.164... PRODUCTS Records § 17.164 Production record. (a) General. Each manufacturer shall keep a production record for each batch of intermediate product and for each batch of nonbeverage product. The...

  14. 33 CFR 150.845 - Personnel records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Personnel records. 150.845 Section 150.845 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) DEEPWATER PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Reports and Records Records § 150.845 Personnel records....

  15. Artificial Intelligence Controls Tape-Recording Sequence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwuttke, Ursula M.; Otamura, Roy M.; Zottarelli, Lawrence J.

    1989-01-01

    Developmental expert-system computer program intended to schedule recording of large amounts of data on limited amount of magnetic tape. Schedules recording using two sets of rules. First set incorporates knowledge of locations for recording of new data. Second set incorporates knowledge about issuing commands to recorder. Designed primarily for use on Voyager Spacecraft, also applicable to planning and sequencing in industry.

  16. 5 CFR 850.302 - Record maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Record maintenance. 850.302 Section 850... (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION Records § 850.302 Record maintenance. (a) The retirement and..., for the initiation and maintenance of records, evidence, or other information described in this...

  17. 22 CFR 171.6 - Archival records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Archival records. 171.6 Section 171.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE ACCESS TO INFORMATION AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION AND RECORDS TO THE PUBLIC General Policy and Procedures § 171.6 Archival records. The Department ordinarily transfers records to...

  18. Machine Readable Bibliographic Records: Criteria and Creation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bregzis, Ritvars

    The centrality of bibliographic records in library automation, objectives of the bibliographic record file and elemental factors involved in bibliographic record creation are discussed. The practical work of creating bibliographic records involves: (1) data base environment, (2) technical aspects, (3) cost and (4) operational methodology. The…

  19. Whole-cell Patch-clamp Recordings in Brain Slices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segev, Amir; Garcia-Oscos, Francisco; Kourrich, Saïd

    2016-01-01

    Whole-cell patch-clamp recording is an electrophysiological technique that allows the study of the electrical properties of a substantial part of the neuron. In this configuration, the micropipette is in tight contact with the cell membrane, which prevents current leakage and thereby provides more accurate ionic current measurements than the previously used intracellular sharp electrode recording method. Classically, whole-cell recording can be performed on neurons in various types of preparations, including cell culture models, dissociated neurons, neurons in brain slices, and in intact anesthetized or awake animals. In summary, this technique has immensely contributed to the understanding of passive and active biophysical properties of excitable cells. A major advantage of this technique is that it provides information on how specific manipulations (e.g., pharmacological, experimenter-induced plasticity) may alter specific neuronal functions or channels in real-time. Additionally, significant opening of the plasma membrane allows the internal pipette solution to freely diffuse into the cytoplasm, providing means for introducing drugs, e.g., agonists or antagonists of specific intracellular proteins, and manipulating these targets without altering their functions in neighboring cells. This article will focus on whole-cell recording performed on neurons in brain slices, a preparation that has the advantage of recording neurons in relatively well preserved brain circuits, i.e., in a physiologically relevant context. In particular, when combined with appropriate pharmacology, this technique is a powerful tool allowing identification of specific neuroadaptations that occurred following any type of experiences, such as learning, exposure to drugs of abuse, and stress. In summary, whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in brain slices provide means to measure in ex vivo preparation long-lasting changes in neuronal functions that have developed in intact awake animals

  20. In vivo patch clamp recording technique in the study of neurophysiology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lan-Wei CUI; Yu-Rong LI

    2006-01-01

    The patch clamp recording technique in vivois a blind patch clamp recording methods to record the current of the spinal or cereral neurons of anaesthesia ( or awake) animals. This technique can be used to study the synaptic function and plasticity in central nervous system in vivoin order to understand the physiological properties of the ion channels from an integrated point of view. The advantage of this technique have already presented itself in the study of the synaptic transmission and nervous network. Nowadays, in vivo patch whole-cell recording technique in combination with other techniques is becoming a common method in the research fields.

  1. Quality records for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of collecting and maintaining quality records is to provide the plant operator with records which accurately describe the configuration and condition of the plant. The volume of these quality records presents retention and retrievability problems seldom encountered in normal business operations. This presentation addresses the planning and development of a quality records management system. Topics for discussion include: system purpose, requirements of standards and federal regulations, planning parameters, classification and indexing, and storage and retrieval of quality records

  2. Nonlinear correlations of daily temperature records over land

    OpenAIRE

    Bartos, I.; I. M. Jánosi

    2006-01-01

    We present a near global statistics on the correlation properties of daily temperature records. Data from terrestrial meteorological stations in the Global Daily Climatology Network are analyzed by means of detrended fluctuation analysis. Long-range temporal correlations extending up to several years are detected for each station. In order to reveal nonlinearity, we evaluated the magnitude of daily temperature changes (volatility) by the same method. The results clearly indi...

  3. Optimization Techniques To Record Deduplication

    OpenAIRE

    Rangarajan Rangaswamy; Deepa Karunakaran

    2012-01-01

    Duplicate record detection is important for data preprocessing and cleaning. Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) is one of the most recently introduced algorithms based on the intelligent foraging behavior of a honey bee swarm. Our approach to duplicate detection is the use of ABC algorithm for generating the optimal similarity measure to decide whether the data is duplicate or not. In the training phase, ABC algorithm is used to generate the optimal similarity measure. Once the optimal similarity me...

  4. Extinction and the fossil record

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sepkoski, J. J. Jr; Sepkoski JJ, ,. J. r. (Principal Investigator)

    1994-01-01

    The author examines evidence of mass extinctions in the fossil record and searches for reasons for such large extinctions. Five major mass extinctions eliminated at least 40 percent of animal genera in the oceans and from 65 to 95 percent of ocean species. Questions include the occurrence of gradual or catastrophic extinctions, causes, environment, the capacity of a perturbation to cause extinctions each time it happens, and the possibility and identification of complex events leading to a mass extinction.

  5. Synthesis and application for optical recording of a new diarylethene having a benzene unit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yan Peijian; Pu Shouzhi; Liu Weijun; Liu Gang, E-mail: pushouzhi@tsinghua.org.cn [Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Jiangxi Science and Technology Normal University, Nanchang 330013 (China)

    2011-02-01

    A novel photochromic diarylethene was synthesized and its photochromism, fluorescence properties have been investigated. This compound exhibited good photochromism and functioned as a fluorescence switch upon alternating irradiation with UV and visible light both in solution and in PMMA film. When diarylethene was used as recording medium, the results demonstrated that the diarylethene compound had attractive properties for high density optical storage.

  6. Synthesis and application for optical recording of a new diarylethene having a benzene unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A novel photochromic diarylethene was synthesized and its photochromism, fluorescence properties have been investigated. This compound exhibited good photochromism and functioned as a fluorescence switch upon alternating irradiation with UV and visible light both in solution and in PMMA film. When diarylethene was used as recording medium, the results demonstrated that the diarylethene compound had attractive properties for high density optical storage.

  7. 41 CFR 50-204.33 - Disclosure to former employee of individual employee's record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Disclosure to former employee of individual employee's record. 50-204.33 Section 50-204.33 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts PUBLIC CONTRACTS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 204-SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR FEDERAL...

  8. Electronic health records: Context matters!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ventres, William B; Frankel, Richard M

    2016-06-01

    Comments on the article by Kotay, Huang, Jordan, and Korin (see record 2016-22430-001). They tackle how to document patients' social histories in a way that is useful in real-time clinical practice-and explore the implementation of a new electronic health record (EHR) template specifically built to support their residency practice's commitment to addressing the social dimensions of patients' lives. For all of us convinced that the simultaneous integration of the biological, social, psychological, and existential dimensions of care is key to the practice of primary care, there are many questions to explore in relation to using EHRs. How are we going to do this in an environment that preferentially supports particularized data over an engaged awareness of context? How are we going to convince those with the technological expertise and administrative power that the transmission of information alone is not a substitute for insight, meaning, and relationships (Ventres & Frankel, 2010)? And ultimately, how are we going to make sure the EHR works for us instead of against us? Kotay and her colleagues have not answered all these questions in their study-such a task is beyond the abilities of one person or group of researchers- but along with others they have begun to illuminate a way forward (Cifuentes et al., 2015; Glowa-Kollisch et al., 2014). May we all now strive to continue the work that these authors have started. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27270249

  9. First ATLAS Events Recorded Underground

    CERN Multimedia

    Teuscher, R

    As reported in the CERN Bulletin, Issue No.30-31, 25 July 2005 The ATLAS barrel Tile calorimeter has recorded its first events underground using a cosmic ray trigger, as part of the detector commissioning programme. This is not a simulation! A cosmic ray muon recorded by the barrel Tile calorimeter of ATLAS on 21 June 2005 at 18:30. The calorimeter has three layers and a pointing geometry. The light trapezoids represent the energy deposited in the tiles of the calorimeter depicted as a thick disk. On the evening of June 21, the ATLAS detector, now being installed in the underground experimental hall UX15, reached an important psychological milestone: the barrel Tile calorimeter recorded the first cosmic ray events in the underground cavern. An estimated million cosmic muons enter the ATLAS cavern every 3 minutes, and the ATLAS team decided to make good use of some of them for the commissioning of the detector. Although only 8 of the 128 calorimeter slices ('superdrawers') were included in the trigg...

  10. Process optimization studies of high performance recordable minidiscs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, the effect of process parameters on magnetic and recording properties of MiniDiscs is reported. Processes have been tailored to optimize the recording performance of MiniDiscs, such as carrier-to-noise ratio (CNR) at low magnetic fields, recording power margin, and recording power threshold. At higher deposition pressures or lower deposition rates of TbFeCoCr, the external bias field sensitivity of the carrier becomes worse but the noise at high bias fields (>200 Oe) decreases, resulting in improved CNR at high bias fields. Disks with TbFeCoCr sputtered at low pressure or high deposition rates produce a high error rate at high recording power (>4.5 mW), due to jitter noise caused by interference of neighboring magnetic domains. The power margin of the disks is strongly affected by the pressure and deposition rate of TbFeCoCr. When the Curie temperature of the TbFeCoCr layer is lowered by 30 degree C (alloy change), the power margin decreases significantly and CNR is decreased by ∼2 dB because of low Kerr rotation. CNR values well above 49.5 dB are easily achieved on MiniDiscs with optimized TbFeCoCr and SiN layers. copyright 1997 American Institute of Physics

  11. Phone record : record and monitor VolP solution

    OpenAIRE

    Albuquerque, António Pedro Baptista Soares de

    2008-01-01

    Esta dissertação apresenta o estudo para a gravação e monitorização de chamadas VoIP. A solução PhoneRecord funciona junto com o CallManager da Cisco e faz uso de Java Telephony Application Programming Interface (JTAPI) na gestão de chamadas e da framework Java Media Framework (JMF) para o processamento de áudio. O acesso às configurações do sistema e à lista das chamadas gravadas é conseguido através de um browser web. ABSTRACT: This dissertation presents the study to re...

  12. 75 FR 70342 - Privacy Act; System of Records: Equal Employment Opportunity Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... Act; System of Records: Equal Employment Opportunity Records SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Department of State proposes to amend an existing system of records, Equal Employment Opportunity Records... the name ``Equal Employment Opportunity Records.'' It is also proposed that the amended...

  13. 78 FR 43258 - Privacy Act; System of Records: Human Resources Records, State-31

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... Resources Records'' (previously published as 65 FR 69359). The information collected and maintained in this... Act; System of Records: Human Resources Records, State-31 SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Department of State proposes to amend an existing system of records, Human Resources Records, State-...

  14. Seismic simulation analysis of a nuclear reactor building using observed earthquake records

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, to verify the effectiveness of dynamic response analysis technique, simulation analyses using observed records of five different earthquakes are performed for the reactor building of Unit 6 of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. A sway-rocking model (SR model) with embedment effect is adopted for the analyses. The model properties of the structure and soil springs are estimated by using the results of the forced vibration test. The soil properties are estimated by referring to the observed records of free field and the soil test data. The flow of the process for establishing the model properties is shown

  15. Achievements in rotary head magnetic recording

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallinson, John C.

    1990-06-01

    The principal achievements since 1980 in rotary head recording on magnetic tape are outlined. These developments are related to fundamental improvements in recording media, heads, the design of tape transports, and signal processing. The D-1 and D-2 video tape recorders (VTRs), the Hi-Band 8-mm video cassette recorder (VCR), and the rotary digital audio tape (R-DAT) recorders are discussed. The future of rotary head recorders for consumer digital VCRs, professional high-definition TV (HDTV) VTRs, and consumer HDTV VCRs is assessed.

  16. Home recording for musicians for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Strong, Jeff

    2008-01-01

    Invaluable advice that will be music to your ears! Are you thinking of getting started in home recording? Do you want to know the latest home recording technologies? Home Recording For Musicians For Dummies will get you recording music at home in no time. It shows you how to set up a home studio, record and edit your music, master it, and even distribute your songs. With this guide, you?ll learn how to compare studio-in-a-box, computer-based, and stand-alone recording systems and choose what you need. You?ll gain the skills to manage your sound, take full advantage of MIDI, m

  17. Socio-Spatial-History Recorder

    OpenAIRE

    Vatrapu, Ravi; Joseph, Sam

    2009-01-01

    The Socio-Spatial History Recorder system provides a one-stop single-user action solution to creating, tagging, geo-coding, archiving, sharing and streaming of digital artifacts. Users of this solution will no longer need to perform intermediary actions to edit, prepare, and publish their digital artifacts to the Internet or their social networks. For example, in the case of digital still images, this system offers a one-click solution to sharing a digital artifact. An user can shoot a pictur...

  18. PC recording studios for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Strong, Jeff

    2005-01-01

    Here''s how to make sound decisions about a desktop studioGet the lowdown on equipment, design your studio space, and set your music free!If you''ve been dreaming of making music with your computer, wake up and get started! Musician Jeff Strong clears a path for you through all the confusing options, helping you sort out hardware and software choices, coax the sound you want from your equipment, work with equalizers and processors, and start your creative juices flowing!Discover how to* Choose the right system and install software* Optimize studio sound for recording and mixing* Understand aud

  19. Record current in the LHC

    CERN Multimedia

    On 19 December, just before CERN's end-of-year break, Sector 4-5, which had been cooled to 1.9 K, beat the LHC current record for 2007. The current was raised to 8500 amperes in the main magnets. The current of the dipole circuit was repeatedly ramped up and quenches were provoked. The magnets were maintained at 4.5 K over the holiday period so that they could be quickly brought back down to the nominal temperature after the shutdown. The testing of the sector has now resumed.

  20. LHC magnet-test record

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    With 16 magnets tested in the week of 14 to 20 November, the team responsible for cold-testing the LHC dipole magnets has set a new record ! It takes about five days and a team of some twenty people to connect up the magnets, cool them down to -271°C, perform the cold-tests on them, and then to warm them up again. The test facility in the SM18 hall now has its full complement of twelve test benches and is operating around the clock, seven days-a-week. Some 400 magnets have already been tested.

  1. Daily Medicine Record for Your Child

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the-Counter Pain Relievers and Fever Reducers Daily Medicine Record for Your Child (English) Share Tweet Linkedin ... Age: ____ 2 years old___ Weight: ___ 30 pounds ___ Daily Medicine Record Child’s name: ___________________ Today’s date: _________________ Age: ____________ Weight: ________________ (pounds) ...

  2. NCDC Southeast Federal Records Center Inventory

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — East Point, Georgia is the former location of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) Southeast regional Federal Records Center (FRC). The southeast...

  3. Electronic Health Records Should Support Clinical Research

    OpenAIRE

    Powell, John; Buchan, Iain

    2005-01-01

    One aspect of electronic care records which has received little attention is the potential benefit to clinical research. Electronic records could facilitate new interfaces between care and research environments, leading to great improvements in the scope and efficiency of research. Benefits range from systematically generating hypotheses for research to undertaking entire studies based only on electronic record data. Researchers and research managers must engage with electronic record initiat...

  4. Holocene Lake Records on Kamchatka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diekmann, Bernhard; Biskaborn, Boris; Chapligin, Bernhard; Dirksen, Oleg; Dirksen, Veronika; Hoff, Ulrike; Meyer, Hanno; Nazarova, Larisa

    2014-05-01

    The availibility of terrestrial records of Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes in eastern Siberia still is quite limited, compared to other regions on the northern hemisphere. In particular, the Kamchatka Peninsula as an important climate-sensitive region is very underrepresented. Situated at the border of northeastern Eurasia, the maritime-influenced terrestrial setting of Kamchatka offers the potential to pinpoint connections of environmental changes between the periglacial and highly continental landmasses of eastern Siberia and the sub-Arctic Pacific Ocean and Sea of Okhotsk. The study region lies at the eastern end-loop of the global thermohaline ocean conveyor belt and is strongly affected by atmospheric teleconnections. Volcanic, tectonic, and glacial processes overprint palaeoenvironmental changes in addition to primary climate forcing. In order to widen our understanding of plaeoclimate dynamics on Kamchatka, sediment cores from different lake systems and peat sections were recovered and analysed by a multi-proxy approach, using sedimentological and geochemical data as well as fossil bioindicators, such as diatoms, pollen, and chironomids. Chronostratigraphy of the studied records was achieved through radiocarbon dating and tephrostratigraphy. Sediment cores with complete Holocene sedimentary sequences were retrieved from Lake Sokoch, an up to six metre deep lake of proglacial origin, situated at the treeline in the Ganalsky Ridge of southern central Kamchatka (53°15,13'N, 157°45.49' E, 495 m a.s.l.). Lacustrine sediment records of mid- to late Holocene age were also recovered from the up to 30 m deep Two-Yurts Lake, which occupies a former proglacial basin at the eastern flank of the Central Kamchatka Mountain Chain, the Sredinny Ridge (56°49.6'N, 160°06.9'E, 275 m a.s.l.). In addition to sediment coring in the open and deep Two-Yurts Lake, sediment records were also recovered from peat sections and small isolated forest lakes to compare

  5. 5 CFR 185.135 - The record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false The record. 185.135 Section 185.135 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.135 The record. (a) The hearing shall be recorded and transcribed. Transcripts may be...

  6. 43 CFR 12.946 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement records. 12.946 Section 12.946 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior ADMINISTRATIVE AND AUDIT REQUIREMENTS AND... Requirements § 12.946 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the...

  7. 27 CFR 53.24 - Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... Such forms and systems of accounting shall be used as will enable appropriate TTB officers to ascertain whether liability for tax is incurred and, if so, the amount thereof. (2) (b) Copies of returns, schedules... Miscellaneous Provisions § 53.24 Records. (a) In general—(1) Form of records. The records required by...

  8. 49 CFR 801.59 - Geological records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Geological records. 801.59 Section 801.59... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Exemption From Public Disclosure § 801.59 Geological records. Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(9), records concerning geological wells are exempt from public disclosure....

  9. 7 CFR 1409.7 - Records retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... each Board meeting, or portion thereof which is closed to the public pursuant to a vote under § 1409.5... electronic recording adequate to record fully the proceedings of each Board meeting or portion of a meeting... transcript, electronic recording, or a complete set of minutes. Such minutes shall fully and clearly...

  10. 32 CFR 701.122 - Medical records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AND OFFICIAL RECORDS AVAILABILITY OF DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY RECORDS AND PUBLICATION OF DEPARTMENT OF... have an adverse effect on the mental or physical health of the individual. Normally, this determination... medical and psychological records if that access could have an adverse affect on the mental or...

  11. Guinness World Records: Presenting certificates to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Rao, Achintya

    2014-01-01

    The latest edition of the Guinness Book of World Records features CERN, crediting the CMS and ATLAS collaborations for the first observation of a Higgs boson. On 20 August, representatives of Guinness World Records visit CERN to hand over certificates for the record.

  12. 32 CFR 806.10 - Records management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Records management. 806.10 Section 806.10 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION AIR FORCE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 806.10 Records management. Keep records that were fully released...

  13. Audio Recording of Children with Dyslalia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Gheorghe Pentiuc

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present our researches regarding automat parsing of audio recordings. These recordings are obtained from children with dyslalia and are necessary for an accurate identification of speech problems. We develop a software application that helps parsing audio, real time, recordings.

  14. 12 CFR 347.205 - Record maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Record maintenance. 347.205 Section 347.205 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING Foreign Banks § 347.205 Record maintenance. The records of each insured branch shall...

  15. 42 CFR 9.8 - Animal records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (9 CFR 2.35). The records may be created and retained in electronic form. (2) The animal records... Welfare Regulations section 2.35(f) (9 CFR 2.35(f)). Original records or a copy must be transferred if the... medical and behavioral history, the sire's identification number (if available), the dam's...

  16. NRC comprehensive records disposition schedule. Revision 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Title 44 US Code, ''Public Printing and Documents,'' regulations issued by the General Service Administration (GSA) in 41 CFR Chapter 101, Subchapter B, ''Management and Use of Information and Records,'' and regulations issued by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in 36 CFR Chapter 12, Subchapter B, ''Records Management,'' require each agency to prepare and issue a comprehensive records disposition schedule that contains the NARA approved records disposition schedules for records unique to the agency and contains the NARA's General Records Schedules for records common to several or all agencies. The approved records disposition schedules specify the appropriate duration of retention and the final disposition for records created or maintained by the NRC. NUREG-0910, Rev. 3, contains ''NRC's Comprehensive Records Disposition Schedule,'' and the original authorized approved citation numbers issued by NARA. Rev. 3 incorporates NARA approved changes and additions to the NRC schedules that have been implemented since the last revision dated March, 1992, reflects recent organizational changes implemented at the NRC, and includes the latest version of NARA's General Records Schedule (dated August 1995)

  17. 40 CFR 30.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 30.46 Section 30..., HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 30.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small purchase...

  18. 15 CFR 14.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement records. 14.46 Section 14... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 14.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold shall...

  19. 14 CFR 1260.146 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement records. 1260.146 Section 1260... Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations Procurement Standards § 1260.146 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small purchase...

  20. 28 CFR 70.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 70.46 Section 70.46...-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 70.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small purchase threshold must include...

  1. 14 CFR 1274.507 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement records. 1274.507 Section 1274.507 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Procurement Standards § 1274.507 Procurement records. Procurement records and files...

  2. 22 CFR 145.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procurement records. 145.46 Section 145.46... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 145.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small...

  3. 24 CFR 84.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procurement records. 84.46 Section... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 84.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small...

  4. 22 CFR 226.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procurement records. 226.46 Section 226.46...-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-award Requirements Procurement Standards § 226.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small purchase threshold shall include...

  5. 38 CFR 49.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 49..., HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 49.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small purchase...

  6. 32 CFR 32.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 32.46 Section 32.46..., HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 32.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the simplified...

  7. 27 CFR 20.192 - Manufacturing record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Manufacturing record. 20... and Users of Specially Denatured Spirits Operations by Users § 20.192 Manufacturing record. For each manufacturing process in which specially denatured spirits are used, the user shall record: (a) Quantity...

  8. 27 CFR 25.252 - Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Removal of Brewer's Yeast and Other Articles § 25.252 Records. (a) Production. The brewer shall keep records of the production of malt syrup, wort, and other articles which are removed... of brewer's yeast, malt and other articles from the brewery. The record shall include the...

  9. 45 CFR 74.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement records. 74.46 Section 74.46 Public..., AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 74.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold shall...

  10. 19 CFR 111.33 - Government records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Government records. 111.33 Section 111.33 Customs... CUSTOMS BROKERS Duties and Responsibilities of Customs Brokers § 111.33 Government records. A broker must not procure or attempt to procure, directly or indirectly, information from Government records...

  11. 21 CFR 120.12 - Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... CONSUMPTION HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINT (HACCP) SYSTEMS General Provisions § 120.12 Records. (a... Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system: (1) Records documenting the implementation of the... § 120.7; (3) The written HACCP plan required by § 120.8; (4) Records documenting the ongoing...

  12. 14 CFR 152.305 - Accounting records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Accounting records. 152.305 Section 152.305... AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Accounting and Reporting Requirements § 152.305 Accounting records. (a) Airport... individual project, an accounting record satisfactory to the Administrator which segregates cost...

  13. 10 CFR 75.22 - Accounting records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Accounting records. 75.22 Section 75.22 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFEGUARDS ON NUCLEAR MATERIAL-IMPLEMENTATION OF US/IAEA AGREEMENT Material Accounting and Control for Facilities § 75.22 Accounting records. (a) The accounting records required by §...

  14. NRC comprehensive records disposition schedule. Revision 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-02-01

    Title 44 US Code, ``Public Printing and Documents,`` regulations issued by the General Service Administration (GSA) in 41 CFR Chapter 101, Subchapter B, ``Management and Use of Information and Records,`` and regulations issued by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in 36 CFR Chapter 12, Subchapter B, ``Records Management,`` require each agency to prepare and issue a comprehensive records disposition schedule that contains the NARA approved records disposition schedules for records unique to the agency and contains the NARA`s General Records Schedules for records common to several or all agencies. The approved records disposition schedules specify the appropriate duration of retention and the final disposition for records created or maintained by the NRC. NUREG-0910, Rev. 3, contains ``NRC`s Comprehensive Records Disposition Schedule,`` and the original authorized approved citation numbers issued by NARA. Rev. 3 incorporates NARA approved changes and additions to the NRC schedules that have been implemented since the last revision dated March, 1992, reflects recent organizational changes implemented at the NRC, and includes the latest version of NARA`s General Records Schedule (dated August 1995).

  15. 11 CFR 9007.7 - Administrative record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... administrative record for final determinations under 11 CFR 9004.9 and 9005.1, and for repayment determinations... the administrative record by submitting them within the time periods set forth at 11 CFR 9004.9(f)(2... administrative record for determinations under 11 CFR 9004.9, 9005.1 and 9007.2 does not include: (1)...

  16. Wildlife Mitigation Program Record of Decision.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration

    1997-06-01

    Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to adopt a set of Descriptions (goals, strategies, and procedural requirements) that apply to future BPA-funded wildlife mitigation projects. Various. sources-including Indian tribes, state agencies, property owners, private conservation groups, or other Federal agencies-propose wildlife mitigation projects to the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) for BPA funding. Following independent scientific and public reviews, Council then selects projects to recommend for BPA funding. BPA adopts this set of prescriptions to standardize the planning and implementation of individual wildlife mitigation projects. This decision is based on consideration of potential environmental impacts evaluated in BPA`s Wildlife Mitigation Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0246) published March, 20, 1997, and filed with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the week of March 24, 1997 (EPA Notice of Availability Published April 4, 1997, 62 FR 65, 16154). BPA will distribute this Record of Decision to all known interested and affected persons, groups, tribes, and agencies.

  17. Organic transistors for electrophysiology (Presentation Recording)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivnay, Jonathan

    2015-10-01

    Efficient local transduction of biological signals is of critical importance for mapping brain activity and diagnosing pathological conditions. Traditional devices used to record electrophysiological signals are passive electrodes that require (pre)amplification with downstream electronics. Organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) that utilize conducting polymer films as the channel have shown considerable promise as amplifying transducers due to their stability in aqueous conditions and high transconductance (>3 mS). The materials properties and physics of such transistors, however, remains largely unexplored thus limiting their potential. Here we show that the uptake of ionic charge from an electrolyte into a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) doped with polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) OECT channel leads to a dependence of the effective capacitance on the entire volume of the film. Subsequently, device transconductance and time response vary with channel thickness, a defining characteristic that differentiates OECTs from field effect transistors, and provides a new degree of freedom for device engineering. Using this understanding we tailor OECTs for a variety of low (1-100 Hz) and high (1-10 kHz) frequency applications, including human electroencephalography, where high transconductance devices impart richer signal content without the need for additional amplification circuitry. We also show that the materials figure of merit OECTs is the product of hole mobility and volumetric capacitance of the channel, leading to design rules for novel high performance materials.

  18. Universal electronic health record MUDR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanzlicek, Petr; Spidlen, Josef; Nagy, Miroslav

    2004-01-01

    One of the important research tasks of the European Centre for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology - Cardio (EuroMISE Centre - Cardio) is the applied research in the field of electronic health record design including electronic medical guidelines and intelligent systems for data mining and decision support. The research in the field of data storage and data acquisition was inspired by several European projects and standards, mostly by the I4C and TripleC projects. Based on experience gathered during cooperation in the TripleC project we have proposed a description of a flexible information storage model. The motivation for this effort was the large variability of the set of collected features in different departments - including temporal variability. Therefore, a dynamically extensible and modifiable structure of items is needed. In our model we use two basic structures called the knowledge base and data files. The main function of the knowledge base is to express the hierarchy of collectable features - medical concepts, their characteristics and relations among them. The data files structure is used to store the patient's data itself. These two structures can be described using graph theory expressions. Based on this model, a three-layer system architecture named "Multimedia Distributed Record" (MUDR) has been proposed and implemented. During the implementation, modern technologies such as Web Services, SOAP and XML were used. For the practical usage of EHR MUDR, an intelligent application called MUDRc (MUDR Client) was created. It enables physicians to use EHR MUDR in a flexible way. During the development process, maximum emphasis was placed on user-friendliness and comfortable usage of this application. Several methods of data entry can be used: pre-defined forms, direct entry into the tree data structure of the EHR MUDR, or automatic unstructured free-text report parsing and data retrieval. The system enables fast and simple importing and

  19. The orbital record in stratigraphy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Alfred G.

    1992-01-01

    Orbital signals are being discovered in pre-Pleistocene sediments. Due to their hierarchical nature these cycle patterns are complex, and the imprecision of geochronology generally makes the assignment of stratigraphic cycles to specific orbital cycles uncertain, but in sequences such as the limnic Newark Group under study by Olsen and pelagic Cretaceous sequence worked on by our Italo-American group the relative frequencies yield a definitive match to the Milankovitch hierarchy. Due to the multiple ways in which climate impinges on depositional systems, the orbital signals are recorded in a multiplicity of parameters, and affect different sedimentary facies in different ways. In platform carbonates, for example, the chief effect is via sea-level variations (possibly tied to fluctuating ice volume), resulting in cycles of emergence and submergence. In limnic systems it finds its most dramatic expression in alternations of lake and playa conditions. Biogenic pelagic oozes such as chalks and the limestones derived from them display variations in the carbonate supplied by planktonic organisms such as coccolithophores and foraminifera, and also record variations in the aeration of bottom waters. Whereas early studies of stratigraphic cyclicity relied mainly on bedding variations visible in the field, present studies are supplementing these with instrumental scans of geochemical, paleontological, and geophysical parameters which yield quantitative curves amenable to time-series analysis; such analysis is, however, limited by problems of distorted time-scales. My own work has been largely concentrated on pelagic systems. In these, the sensitivity of pelagic organisms to climatic-oceanic changes, combined with the sensitivity of botton life to changes in oxygen availability (commonly much more restricted in the Past than now) has left cyclic patterns related to orbital forcing. These systems are further attractive because (1) they tend to offer depositional continuity

  20. Corn Breeding Test Investigation Record Items and Norms%玉米育种试验调查记载项目及标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高会林; 高玮; 杨桂英

    2003-01-01

    This article states that to find generality and to distinguish differences through orderly and scientifical combination of investigation record items and norms in routine corn breeding with properties description when applying "new breed right protection" will make items and norms of investigation records integral as well as exact, thus truly reflect corn's characteristics and specific properties.

  1. Scale-dependence of persistence in precipitation records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markonis, Y.; Koutsoyiannis, D.

    2016-04-01

    Long-term persistence or Hurst-Kolmogorov behaviour has been identified in many hydroclimatic records. Such time series are intriguing because they are the hallmark of multi-scale dynamical processes that govern the system from which they arise. They are also highly relevant for water resource managers because these systems exhibit persistent, for example, multi-decadal, mean shifts or extremes clustering that must be included into any long-term drought management strategy. During recent years the growing number of palaeoclimatic reconstructions has allowed further investigation of the long-term statistical properties of climate and an understanding of their implications for the observed change. Recently, the consistency of the proxy data for precipitation was strongly doubted, when their persistence property was compared to the corresponding estimates of instrumental records and model results. The latter suggest that droughts or extremely wet periods occur less frequently than depicted in the palaeoclimatic reconstructions. Here, we show how this could be the outcome of a varying scaling law and present some evidence supporting that proxy records can be reliable descriptors of the long-term precipitation variability.

  2. Recording voiceover the spoken word in media

    CERN Document Server

    Blakemore, Tom

    2015-01-01

    The only book on the market to specifically address its audience, Recording Voiceover is the comprehensive guide for engineers looking to understand the aspects of capturing the spoken word.Discussing all phases of the recording session, Recording Voiceover addresses everything from microphone recommendations for voice recording to pre-production considerations, including setting up the studio, working with and directing the voice talent, and strategies for reducing or eliminating distracting noise elements found in human speech.Recording Voiceover features in-depth, specific recommendations f

  3. How writing records reduces clinical knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buus, Niels

    2009-01-01

    Through the practices of recording, psychiatric nurses produce clinical knowledge about the patients in their care. The objective of this study was to examine the conventionalized practices of recording among psychiatric nurses and the typical linguistic organization of their records. The study...... drew on data from an extended fieldwork on two Danish "special observation" wards. The results indicated that the nurses' recording produced "stereotyping" representations of the patients and reduced the nurses' clinical knowledge but that this particular way of recording made good sense in relation to...

  4. Daily Temperature Records in a Warming Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meehl, G. A.; Tebaldi, C.

    2014-12-01

    The ratio of daily record high maximum temperatures to daily record low minimum temperatures in the first decade of the 21st century was about 2 to 1. Previous model simulations also showed a comparable ratio, with projections of an increase in that ratio in the 21st century. Here we relate record highs and record lows to changing surface conditions in 1 degree and 0.5 degree resolution global coupled climate models for 20th and 21st century climate to address the issue of model resolution in simulating past and future changes of temperature extremes as represented by daily record highs and lows.

  5. Access to children's medical records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Sara

    2008-06-01

    Case histories are based on actual medical negligence claims or medicolegal referrals; however certain facts have been omitted or changed by the author to ensure the anonymity of the parties involved. When the parents of a young child are separated or divorced, it is not uncommon for general practitioners to receive requests from one of the parents for information about the medical management of the child, including a request for a copy of the child's medical records. The role of the GP is to provide medical care to the child and act in the child's best interests. This article outlines some strategies for GPs to minimise the possibility of becoming 'piggy in the middle' of a dispute between the parents. PMID:18523700

  6. Optimization Techniques To Record Deduplication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rangarajan Rangaswamy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Duplicate record detection is important for data preprocessing and cleaning. Artificial Bee Colony (ABC is one of the most recently introduced algorithms based on the intelligent foraging behavior of a honey bee swarm. Our approach to duplicate detection is the use of ABC algorithm for generating the optimal similarity measure to decide whether the data is duplicate or not. In the training phase, ABC algorithm is used to generate the optimal similarity measure. Once the optimal similarity measure obtained, the deduplication of remaining datasets is done with the help of optimal similarity measure generated from the ABC algorithm. We have used Restaurant and Cora datasets to analyze the proposed algorithm and the performance of the proposed algorithm is compared against the genetic programming technique with the help of evaluation metrics.

  7. Optimal digitization of earthquake records

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The optimal time interval for sampling an earthquake timehistory in order to recover the orginal record in a unique manner is derived. If the sampling time interval is too large, the high frequency components of the timehistory can 'impersonate' low frequencies. This results in 'aliasing', which is a major source of distortion in the reconstruction of the original timehistory from its discretized values. In the present study, the optimal sampling time interval known as the Nyquist interval in signal processing is derived. The results indicate that if the optimal time interval is exceeded, loss of information occurs. The use of a smaller time interval results in additional computer cost without any increase in the information necessary to reconstruct the original timehistory. (Auth.)

  8. Highly Resolved Paleoclimatic Aerosol Records

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kettner, Ernesto

    to paleotemperatures. Impurities in the matrix are comprised of particulate and soluble aerosols, each carrying information on its source’s activitiy and|or proximity. Opposed to gases and water isotopes, the seasonality of many aerosols is not smoothed out in the firn column so that large concentration gradients...... with frequently changing signs are preserved. Therefore, these aerosol records can be used for dating by annual layer counting. However, with increasing depth the annual layer thicknesses decreases due to pressure and ice flow and accurate dating is possible only as long as the rapid variations can be resolved...... experimentally. Over the last decades Continuous Flow Analysis (CFA) has become a well-established technique for aerosol quantification. In CFA, a piece of core is melted continuously and the melt water is analysed for an array of chemical impurities. When designing a CFA system, a trilemma between high sample...

  9. Medical Archive Recording System (MARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Tajvidi

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available In this talk, one of the most efficient, and reliable integrated tools for CD/DVD production workflow, called Medical Archive Recording System (MARS by ETIAM Company, France, which is a leader in multimedia connectivity for healthcare in Europe, is going to be introduced. "nThis tool is used to record all patient studies, route the studies to printers and PACS automatically, print key images and associated reports and log all study production for automated post processing/archiving. Its benefits vary from multi-departmental system to highly customizability, IHE compliancy, high productivity, inclusion of workflow manager and web interface."nAn automated user-friendly DICOM viewer is in-cluded in this tool, which is used to display reports and key image. It also allows comparing several stu-dies on several discs."nThe viewer supports all DICOM objects including compressed images such as JPEG, JPEG 2000, RLE etc. and video added-value non-image DICOM ob-jects."nThe ETIAM MARS is offered in two versions: MARS 15d for medium productions and MARS 20d for medium to large productions. Some of the new features that are added are supports for Windows Vista, support of new DICOM objects (enhanced CT, MR, XA, Encapsulated PDF ... IHE PDI update, creation of object keys for key images; importing non-standard reports form files and many other features."nThe tool enables users to create, verify and index CDs and DVDs by simply sending studies from any DICOM node.

  10. A model for life cycle records management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tayfun, A.C.; Gibson, S.

    1996-10-01

    The primary objective of this paper is to update an old Records Management concept; the management of records according to the records life cycle. Accordingly, the authors are presenting a new version of the Records Management life cycle model and its associated elements. The basic concept is that every record progresses through three phases; a record is created, is used and maintained, and dispositioned. In this presentation, the authors update the very old straight line model and the more current circular model with a new model that essentially combines the two. The model portrays Records Management as having a distinct straight-line beginning, a circular use and maintenance phase, and a distinct straight-line end. The presentation maps Records Management Program elements and activities against the phases depicted in the model. The authors believe that this new records life cycle model is an enhanced physical representation of the process. This presentation is designed to help put all of the specialized Records Management topics that participants have heard about during the conference in the perspective of the records life cycle.

  11. Pilot project of atomic energy technology record

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Project of the Atomic Energy Technology Record is the project that summarizes and records in each category as a whole summary from the background to the performance at all fields of nuclear science technology which researched and developed at KAERI. This project includes Data and Document Management System(DDMS) that will be the system to collect, organize and preserve various records occurred in each research and development process. To achieve these goals, many problems should be solved to establish technology records process, such as issues about investigation status of technology records in KAERI, understanding and collection records, set-up project system and selection target field, definition standards and range of target records. This is a research report on the arrangement of research contents and results about pilot project which records whole nuclear technology researched and developed at KAERI in each category. Section 2 summarizes the overview of this pilot project and the current status of technology records in domestic and overseas, and from Section 3 to Section 6 summarize contents and results which performed in this project. Section 3 summarizes making TOC(Table of Content) and technology records, Section 4 summarizes sectoral templates, Section 5 summarizes writing detailed plan of technology records, and Section 6 summarizes Standard Document Numbering System(SDNS). Conclusions of this report are described in Section 7

  12. Making magnetic recording commercial: 1920-1955

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Mark H.

    1999-03-01

    Although magnetic recording had been invented in 1898, it was not until the late 1920s that the technology was successfully marketed to the public. Firms in Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States developed and sold magnetic recorders for specialized markets in broadcasting and telephone systems through the 1930s. The demands of World War II considerably expanded the use of magnetic recording, and with the end of the war, firms in the United States sought to bring magnetic recording to home and professional music recording. Using a combination of captured German technology and American wartime research, American companies such as Ampex, Magnecord, 3M, the Brush Development Company, and others created a vast new industry. By the mid-1950s, magnetic recording was firmly established as a method for recording both sound and data.

  13. 76 FR 22444 - Privacy Act; System of Records: State-52, Parking Permit and Car Pool Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-21

    ... Act; System of Records: State-52, Parking Permit and Car Pool Records Summary: Notice is hereby given that the Department of State proposes to amend an existing system of records, Parking Permit and Car... will retain the name ``Parking Permit and Car Pool Records.'' It is also proposed that the...

  14. 12 CFR 603.310 - Procedures for requests pertaining to individual records in a record system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for requests pertaining to individual records in a record system. 603.310 Section 603.310 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION... records in a record system. (a) Any present or former employee of the Farm Credit Administration...

  15. 36 CFR 1250.14 - If I do not use FOIA to request records, will NARA treat my request differently?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false If I do not use FOIA to request records, will NARA treat my request differently? 1250.14 Section 1250.14 Parks, Forests, and... § 1250.14 If I do not use FOIA to request records, will NARA treat my request differently? Whether...

  16. Study of influence of ACPA in holographic reflection gratings recorded in PVA/AA based photopolymer

    OpenAIRE

    Fuentes Rosillo, Rosa; Fernández Varó, Elena; García Llopis, Celia; Beléndez Vázquez, Augusto; Pascual Villalobos, Inmaculada

    2010-01-01

    The performance of a holographic data storage system depends to a great extent on the quality and the physical properties of the recording medium. The storage capabilities of photopolymer materials are under constant study and for some applications a high spatial frequency material is necessary. In this work, we focus on the study of the influence of 4,4´-Azobis(4-cyanopentanoic acid) ACPA on holographic reflection gratings recorded in a polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide-based photopolymer with th...

  17. Development of an exclusive electronic record system for radiotherapy treatment section

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently, the hospital information system (HIS) has employed an electronic record system to ensure smooth operation without x-ray film and paper in many hospitals. A challenge is to safely manage significant amount of information acquired by resent sophisticated radiotherapy. Thus, the electronic record system is desirable to utilize a radiological information system (RIS) in radiotherapy section. We developed the ''exclusive electronic record system for radiotherapy'' utilizing properties and functions of radiotherapy, in collaboration with AJS Co., Ltd. This system photographs images using RIS, and enables timely display of patient's computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), etc. Patient's irradiation parameter, an irradiation advance situation, electronic portal imaging (EPI), etc., can also be displayed timely. In addition, information is automatically entered, and that information serves as a procedure by which is recognized and registered by attending doctors after the last identification, and treatment starts after that. On the other hand, records of attending doctors, radiological technicians, and nurses are displayed together on entering screen of electronic record. Therefore, it is possible not only to share patient information between the medical staff but also utilize as a database for this electronic record system by retrieval functions. Comparison of information was easily attained on this electric record, using the same disease (TNM), the same treated area, and also the same evidence-based medicine (EBM), such as the patient's record and prognosis. Improvement in medical quality is expected by determing treatment policy for the radiotherapy patient using this electronic record system. (author)

  18. A Qualitative Description of Boundary Layer Wind Speed Records

    CERN Document Server

    Kavasseri, R G; Nagarajan, Radhakrishnan

    2006-01-01

    The complexity of the atmosphere endows it with the property of turbulence by virtue of which, wind speed variations in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) exhibit highly irregular fluctuations that persist over a wide range of temporal and spatial scales. Despite the large and significant body of work on microscale turbulence, understanding the statistics of atmospheric wind speed variations has proved to be elusive and challenging. Knowledge about the nature of wind speed at ABL has far reaching impact on several fields of research such as meteorology, hydrology, agriculture, pollutant dispersion, and more importantly wind energy generation. In the present study, temporal wind speed records from twenty eight stations distributed through out the state of North Dakota (ND, USA), ($\\sim$ 70,000 square-miles) and spanning a period of nearly eight years are analyzed. We show that these records exhibit a characteristic broad multifractal spectrum irrespective of the geographical location and topography. The rapi...

  19. Rock magnetic properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1978 the Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program began the long task of site selection and evaluation for nuclear waste disposal. The Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program, administered by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Research Company has provided the geophysicist with the unique opportunity to evaluate many modes of geophysical investigation in conjunction with detailed geologic mapping at a number of research areas. Of particular interest is research area RA-7, East Bull Lake, Algoma District, Ontario. Geophysical survey methods applied to the study of this included detailed gravity, ground magnetics, VLF, an airborne magnetic gradiometer survey and an airborne helicopter magnetic and EM survey. A comprehensive suite of rock property studies was also undertaken providing information on rock densities and magnetic rock properties. Preliminary modeling of the magnetic data sets assuming only induced magnetization illustrated the difficulty of arriving at a magnetic source geometry consistent with the mapped surficial and borehole geology. Integration of the magnetic rock properties observations and industry standard magnetic modelling techniques provides a source model geometry that is consistent with other geophysical/geological data sets, e.g. gravity and observed geology. The genesis of individual magnetic signatures in the East Bull Lake gabbro-anorthosite record the intrusion, metamorphism and fracture alteration of the pluton. As shown by this paper, only by understanding the rock magnetic signatures associated with each of these events is it possible to obtain geologically meaningful interpretative models

  20. Electronic records & The Law: Causing the Federal Records Program to Implode?

    OpenAIRE

    Rawlings-Milton, Mary

    2000-01-01

    ELECTRONIC RECORDS & THE LAW: CAUSING THE FEDERAL RECORDS PROGRAM TO IMPLODE? (Abstract) Administrative programs that govern the day-to-day-management of agencies are founded in law and the federal records management program is no exception. This dissertation explores whether the existing legal framework accommodates the changes occurring in the federal records management program as a result of electronic records and whether the solutions proposed by the University of British Columb...

  1. Characterization of volume holographic recording in photopolymerizable nanoparticle-(thiol-ene) polymer composites at 404 nm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawana, Masaru; Takahashi, Jun-ichiro; Yasui, Satoru; Tomita, Yasuo

    2015-02-01

    We report on the photopolymerization dynamics and the volume holographic recording properties of a thiol-ene based nanoparticle-polymer composite (NPC) doped with a blue-sensitive photoinitiator, Darocur® TPO, by using a highly coherent blue diode laser operating at a wavelength of 404 nm. Our study indicates that volume gratings recorded in the NPC amount to meeting the material requirements of refractive index modulation and material recording sensitivity for holographic data storage media. It is also found that polymerization shrinkage of recorded NPC gratings is higher than that of the same thiol-ene based NPC with a green (523 nm)-sensitive photoinitiator, Irgacure® 784/BzO2. We attribute such a difference in shrinkage to the photopolymerization dynamics at these recording wavelengths. We show that this shrinkage increase at 404 nm can be mitigated to some extent by controlling the thiol-ene stoichiometry in the NPC.

  2. Intellectual property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, W M

    2000-01-01

    "Intellectual property" (IP) is a generic legal term for patents, copyrights, and trademarks, all of which provide legal rights to protect ideas, the expression of ideas, and the inventors of such ideas (1). Intellectual property has many of the characteristics of real property (houses, buildings, and so forth); intellectual property can be bought, sold, assigned, and licensed. Additionally, the owner of IP can prevent "trespass" on his property by others, though in IP this is referred to as infringement. A patent provides legal protection for a new invention, that is, an application of a new idea, discovery, or concept that is useful. Copyright provides legal protection from copying for any creative work (e.g., works of art, literature [fiction ornonfiction], music, lyrics, photographs), as well as business and scientific publications, computer software, and compilations of information. A trademark provides rights to use symbols, particular words, logos, or other markings that indicate the source of a product or service. A further method of benefitting from an invention is simply to keep it secret, rather than to disclose it; the most famous trade secret of all time is the formula for Coca-Cola, still a closely guarded secret to this day (2,3). Trade secrets have the advantage that they never expire, but special measures are required to ensure the continued secrecy, and should it be violated, there is little legal protection for the owner (2,3). PMID:21337093

  3. Soils as records of past and present environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauer, Daniela

    2015-04-01

    This contribution reflects selected pedological concepts that are helpful for interpreting soil properties related to past and present environments. These concepts are illustrated by examples from various landscapes, and their combination finally leads to some further conclusions. The concept of Targulian and Gerasimova (2009) distinguishes soil system and soil body. Soil system is defined as "open multiphase system functioning in any solid-phase substrate at its interface with the atmosphere, hydrosphere and biota", and soil body as "solid-phase part of a soil system produced by its long-term functioning and composed of a vertical sequence of genetic horizons". Soil system functioning corresponds to the recent environmental factors and includes heat and moisture dynamics, biomass production, biogeochemical cycles, and other processes. In contrast, a soil body is a record of the long-term functioning of a soil system. It thus provides a record not only of the functioning of the soil system under the present environmental conditions but also under past, possibly different, conditions. Hence, Targulian and Goryachkin (2004) called it the "memory" of the landscape. Richter and Yaalon (2012) argued that most soils comprise both, features that developed under the present environmental conditions and features that reflect different conditions that the soils experienced in the past; they concluded that most soils are polygenetic. Although the current functioning of the soil system in the concept of Targulian and Gerasimova (2009) is mainly controlled by the present-day combination of environmental factors, it should be added that past processes also influence the soil system, because past processes changed the soil properties in a way that also the present-day functioning of the soil system is affected by these changes. Earlier, Yaalon (1971) had categorised soil properties according to the time-span required for their adjustment to the actual environment, distinguishing

  4. Managing Records for the Long Term - 12363

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for managing vast amounts of information documenting historical and current operations. This information is critical to the operations of the DOE Office of Legacy Management. Managing legacy records and information is challenging in terms of accessibility and changing technology. The Office of Legacy Management is meeting these challenges by making records and information management an organizational priority. The Office of Legacy Management mission is to manage DOE post-closure responsibilities at former Cold War weapons sites to ensure the future protection of human health and the environment. These responsibilities include environmental stewardship and long-term preservation and management of operational and environmental cleanup records associated with each site. A primary organizational goal for the Office of Legacy Management is to 'Preserve, Protect, and Share Records and Information'. Managing records for long-term preservation is an important responsibility. Adequate and dedicated resources and management support are required to perform this responsibility successfully. Records tell the story of an organization and may be required to defend an organization in court, provide historical information, identify lessons learned, or provide valuable information for researchers. Loss of records or the inability to retrieve records because of poor records management processes can have serious consequences and even lead to an organisation's downfall. Organizations must invest time and resources to establish a good records management program because of its significance to the organization as a whole. The Office of Legacy Management will continue to research and apply innovative ways of doing business to ensure that the organization stays at the forefront of effective records and information management. DOE is committed to preserving records that document our nation's Cold War legacy, and the Office of Legacy

  5. Reflection mode holographic recording in methylene blue-sensitized polyvinyl alcohol acrylamide films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    C S Rajesh; R Anjana; S S Sreeroop; C Sudha Kartha

    2014-02-01

    Photopolymer systems can produce good image quality holograms that does not require any post-processing and are environmentally stable with good diffraction efficiency. The present work reports the development of a methylene blue-sensitized polyvinyl alcohol acrylamide (MBPVA/AA) photopolymer system for recording white light reflection holograms. Reflection gratings were recorded in the photopolymer films with different concentrations of methylene blue (MB). Various parameters affecting the holographic properties of the samples were also studied. The holographic performance of the material is found to depend on its chemical composition and the recording parameters.

  6. Thermophysical properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kayser, R.F.

    1992-10-01

    Numerous fluids have been identified as promising alternative refrigerants, but much of the information needed to predict their behavior as pure fluids and as components in mixtures does not exist. In particular, reliable thermophysical properties data and models are needed to predict the performance of the new refrigerants in heating and cooling equipment, and to design and optimize equipment to be reliable and energy efficient. Objective of this project is to provide highly accurate, selected thermophysical properties data for Refrigerants 32, 123, 124, and 125, and to use these data to fit simple and complex equations of state and detailed transport property models. The new data will fill gaps in the existing data sets and resolve the problems and uncertainties that exist in and between the data sets. This report describes the progress made during the third quarter of this fifteen-month project, which was initiated in late January, 1992.

  7. Biometrics for electronic health records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores Zuniga, Alejandro Enrique; Win, Khin Than; Susilo, Willy

    2010-10-01

    Securing electronic health records, in scenarios in which the provision of care services is share among multiple actors, could become a complex and costly activity. Correct identification of patients and physician, protection of privacy and confidentiality, assignment of access permissions for healthcare providers and resolutions of conflicts rise as main points of concern in the development of interconnected health information networks. Biometric technologies have been proposed as a possible technological solution for these issues due to its ability to provide a mechanism for unique verification of an individual identity. This paper presents an analysis of the benefit as well as disadvantages offered by biometric technology. A comparison between this technology and more traditional identification methods is used to determine the key benefits and flaws of the use biometric in health information systems. The comparison as been made considering the viability of the technologies for medical environments, global security needs, the contemplation of a share care environment and the costs involved in the implementation and maintenance of such technologies. This paper also discusses alternative uses for biometrics technologies in health care environments. The outcome of this analysis lays in the fact that even when biometric technologies offer several advantages over traditional method of identification, they are still in the early stages of providing a suitable solution for a health care environment. PMID:20703610

  8. PACS and electronic health records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Simona; Gilboa, Flora; Shani, Uri

    2002-05-01

    Electronic Health Record (EHR) is a major component of the health informatics domain. An important part of the EHR is the medical images obtained over a patient's lifetime and stored in diverse PACS. The vision presented in this paper is that future medical information systems will convert data from various medical sources -- including diverse modalities, PACS, HIS, CIS, RIS, and proprietary systems -- to HL7 standard XML documents. Then, the various documents are indexed and compiled to EHRs, upon which complex queries can be posed. We describe the conversion of data retrieved from PACS systems through DICOM to HL7 standard XML documents. This enables the EHR system to answer queries such as 'Get all chest images of patients at the age of 20-30, that have blood type 'A' and are allergic to pine trees', which a single PACS cannot answer. The integration of data from multiple sources makes our approach capable of delivering such answers. It enables the correlation of medical, demographic, clinical, and even genetic information. In addition, by fully indexing all the tagged data in DICOM objects, it becomes possible to offer access to huge amounts of valuable data, which can be better exploited in the specific radiology domain.

  9. Spaceflight optical disk recorder development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurczyk, Stephen G.; Hines, Glenn D.; Shull, Thomas A.

    1992-01-01

    Mass memory systems based on rewriteable optical disk media are expected to play an important role in meeting the data system requirements for future NASA spaceflight missions. NASA has established a program to develop a high performance (high rate, large capacity) optical disk recorder focused on use aboard unmanned Earth orbiting platforms. An expandable, adaptable system concept is proposed based on disk drive modules and a modular controller. Drive performance goals are 10 gigabyte capacity, 300 megabit/s transfer rate, 10 exp -12 corrected bit error rate, and 150 millisec access time. This performance is achieved by writing eight data tracks in parallel on both sides of a 14 in. optical disk using two independent heads. System goals are 160 gigabyte capacity, 1.2 gigabits/s data rate with concurrent I/O, 250 millisec access time, and two to five year operating life on orbit. The system can be configured to meet various applications. This versatility is provided by the controller. The controller provides command processing, multiple drive synchronization, data buffering, basic file management, error processing, and status reporting. Technology developments, design concepts, current status including a computer model of the system and a Controller breadboard, and future plans for the Drive and Controller are presented.

  10. Magnetic pigments for recording media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CrO2 doped with 1-2 wt% Fe3+ on Cr4+ positions is one of the most important materials for magnetic recording in audio, data and video tapes. 57Fe Moessbauer spectroscopy was applied to determine the level of iron doping in newly developed high coercivity CrO2 particles. It was found that, compared with the conventional preparation process, the new particles contain increased amounts of Fe3+ ions in the CrO2 crystal lattice giving rise to higher magnetocrystalline anisotropy. This is reflected in coercivities of up to over 900 Oe. All samples contain as a secondary iron-containing phase α-(Cr1-xFex)2O3, the amount of which is higher in samples of the conventional preparation process than in those of the new BASF process. Details about the mechanism of the development of doped CrO2 particles in both types of processes were obtained by means of Moessbauer, XRD and wet chemical investigations making possible an optimization of the new BASF process

  11. 75 FR 57985 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... records when no longer needed for current Government business. They authorize the preservation of records... items). Language testing and assessment records, including master sets of tests, test development...

  12. 77 FR 5579 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-03

    ... records when no longer needed for current Government business. They authorize the preservation of records... temporary items). Records relating to the language quality program, including reviews, certifications,...

  13. Record Recommendations for the CERN Document Server

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2096025; Marian, Ludmila

    CERN Document Server (CDS) is the institutional repository of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). It hosts all the research material produced at CERN, as well as multi- media and administrative documents. It currently has more than 1.5 million records grouped in more than 1000 collections. It’s underlying platform is Invenio, an open source digital library system created at CERN. As the size of CDS increases, discovering useful and interesting records becomes more challenging. Therefore, the goal of this work is to create a system that supports the user in the discovery of related interesting records. To achieve this, a set of recommended records are displayed on the record page. These recommended records are based on the analyzed behavior (page views and downloads) of other users. This work will describe the methods and algorithms used for creating, implementing, and the integration with the underlying software platform, Invenio. A very important decision factor when designing a recomme...

  14. The fossil record of the sixth extinction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plotnick, Roy E; Smith, Felisa A; Lyons, S Kathleen

    2016-05-01

    Comparing the magnitude of the current biodiversity crisis with those in the fossil record is difficult without an understanding of differential preservation. Integrating data from palaeontological databases with information on IUCN status, ecology and life history characteristics of contemporary mammals, we demonstrate that only a small and biased fraction of threatened species (< 9%) have a fossil record, compared with 20% of non-threatened species. We find strong taphonomic biases related to body size and geographic range. Modern species with a fossil record tend to be large and widespread and were described in the 19(th) century. The expected magnitude of the current extinction based only on species with a fossil record is about half of that of one based on all modern species; values for genera are similar. The record of ancient extinctions may be similarly biased, with many species having originated and gone extinct without leaving a tangible record. PMID:26932459

  15. Interfacing with the brain using organic electronics (Presentation Recording)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malliaras, George G.

    2015-10-01

    Implantable electrodes are being used for diagnostic purposes, for brain-machine interfaces, and for delivering electrical stimulation to alleviate the symptoms of diseases such as Parkinson's. The field of organic electronics made available devices with a unique combination of attractive properties, including mixed ionic/electronic conduction, mechanical flexibility, enhanced biocompatibility, and capability for drug delivery. I will present examples of organic electrodes, transistors and other devices for recording and stimulation of brain activity and discuss how they can improve our understanding of brain physiology and pathology, and how they can be used to deliver new therapies.

  16. New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (July 2015)

    OpenAIRE

    K. TSIAMIS; Ö. AYDOGAN; Bailly, N.; Balistreri, P; M. BARICHE; S. CARDEN-NOAD; M. CORSINI-FOKA; F. CROCETTA; B. DAVIDOV; C. DIMITRIADIS; B. DRAGIČEVIĆ; M. DRAKULIĆ; J. DULČIĆ; A. ESCÁNEZ; F.A. FERNÁNDEZ-ÁLVAREZ

    2015-01-01

    The Collective Article ‘New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records’ of the Mediterranean Marine Science journal offers the means to publish biodiversity records in the Mediterranean Sea. The current article is divided in two parts, for records of native and alien species respectively. The new records of native species include: the neon flying squid Ommastrephes bartramii in Capri Island, Thyrrenian Sea; the bigeye thresher shark Alopias superciliosus in the Adriatic Sea; a juvenile basking shark ...

  17. Post-processing speech recordings during MRI

    OpenAIRE

    Kuortti, Juha; Malinen, Jarmo; Ojalammi, Antti

    2015-01-01

    We discuss post-processing of speech that has been recorded during Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the vocal tract. Such speech recordings are contaminated by high levels of acoustic noise from the MRI scanner. Also, the frequency response of the sound signal path is not flat as a result of severe restrictions on recording instrumentation due to MRI technology. The post-processing algorithm for noise reduction is based on adaptive spectral filtering. The speech material consists of sample...

  18. EEG Recording and Analysis for Sleep Research

    OpenAIRE

    Campbell, Ian G.

    2009-01-01

    The electroencephalogram (EEG) is the most common tool used in sleep research. This unit describes the methods for recording and analyzing the EEG. Detailed protocols describe recorder calibration, electrode application, EEG recording, and computer EEG analysis with power spectral analysis. Computer digitization of an analog EEG signal is discussed, along with EEG filtering and the parameters of fast Fourier transform (FFT) power spectral analysis. Sample data are provided for a typical night...

  19. Deriving modified rankin scores from medical records

    OpenAIRE

    Quinn, T J; Ray, G.; Atula, S.; Walters, M.R.; Dawson, J.; Lees, K R

    2008-01-01

    Background and Purpose: Modified Rankin score (mRS) is traditionally graded using a face-to-face or telephone interview. Certain stroke assessment scales can be derived from a review of a patient’s case-record alone. We hypothesized that mRS could be successfully derived from the narrative within patient case-records. Methods: Sequential patients attending our cerebrovascular outpatient clinic were included. Two independent, blinded clinicians, trained in mRS, assessed case-records to der...

  20. Multielectrode Array Recordings of the Vomeronasal Epithelium

    OpenAIRE

    Arnson, Hannah A.; Fu, Xiaoyan; Holy, Timothy E.

    2010-01-01

    Understanding neural circuits requires methods to record from many neurons simultaneously. For in vitro studies, one currently available technology is planar multielectrode array (MEA) recording. Here we document the use of MEAs to study the mouse vomeronasal organ (VNO), which plays an essential role in the detection of pheromones and social cues via a diverse population of sensory neurons expressing hundreds of types of receptors. Combining MEA recording with a robotic liquid handler to del...

  1. Record-linkage for pharmacovigilance in Scotland

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Josie M M; MacDonald, Thomas M

    1999-01-01

    Record-linkage is the linkage of patient-specific information that is stored separately. Recent advances in computerization have meant that record-linkage techniques in medical research are increasingly being used and refined. In particular, they have made a significant contribution to pharmacovigilance, which involves linking drug exposure to outcomes data. In this article, the contribution of record-linkage in Scotland to medical research is described. The two organizations that utilize rec...

  2. Olivia Records: The Production of a Movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Bonnie

    2015-01-01

    This article looks at the early years of Olivia Records, setting the context for the historic release of the album Where Would I Be Without You. From its origins as a Washington, D.C.-based activist collective in 1973, Olivia became a hugely successful recording company, marketing radical lesbian recordings and performances that soon defined the "women's music" movement. Both artistically and politically, Olivia's woman-identified albums became the soundtrack for a generation awakening to lesbian activism. Pat Parker and Judy Grahn's 1976 spoken-word recording is a unique demonstration of Olivia's radical production values and expanding catalog. PMID:26075684

  3. What Is a Personal Health Record (PHR)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... on body fluids. Common examples include a throat culture, urinalysis, cholesterol level, and complete blood count ( CBC ). Surprisingly, your health record does not usually contain your blood type. ...

  4. Photonic quantum technologies (Presentation Recording)

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Jeremy L.

    2015-09-01

    The impact of quantum technology will be profound and far-reaching: secure communication networks for consumers, corporations and government; precision sensors for biomedical technology and environmental monitoring; quantum simulators for the design of new materials, pharmaceuticals and clean energy devices; and ultra-powerful quantum computers for addressing otherwise impossibly large datasets for machine learning and artificial intelligence applications. However, engineering quantum systems and controlling them is an immense technological challenge: they are inherently fragile; and information extracted from a quantum system necessarily disturbs the system itself. Of the various approaches to quantum technologies, photons are particularly appealing for their low-noise properties and ease of manipulation at the single qubit level. We have developed an integrated waveguide approach to photonic quantum circuits for high performance, miniaturization and scalability. We will described our latest progress in generating, manipulating and interacting single photons in waveguide circuits on silicon chips.

  5. Neutrino properties

    CERN Document Server

    Valle, José W F

    1996-01-01

    A brief sketch is made of the present observational status of neutrino properties, with emphasis on the hints from solar and atmospheric neutrinos, as well as cosmological data on the amplitude of primordial density fluctuations. Implications of neutrino mass in particle accelerators, astrophysics and cosmology are discussed.

  6. 4 CFR 81.5 - Records originating outside GAO, records of interviews, or records involving work in progress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... to the release of a record of interview created by GAO in connection with an audit, evaluation, or... an interview was obtained of the request. GAO will provide that agency with a reasonable opportunity to indicate whether the record of interview or portions thereof should be exempt from disclosure...

  7. Recording on a budget how to make great audio recordings without breaking the bank

    CERN Document Server

    Edstrom, Brent

    2010-01-01

    Audio recordings are the calling card with which musicians share and promote their work so a knowledge of recording techniques and technologies is essential to the 21st century musician. Recording On a Budget provides a comprehensive introduction to the recording arts from a budget-conscious perspective. Written by a professional musician and educator, this book is idea for musicians, educators, music students, songwriters and hobbyists. A central theme of the book is that it is possible to make quality recordings with a modest selection of recording tools. Chapters cover the selection and use

  8. PROPERTY RIGHTS AND THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY

    OpenAIRE

    C lin VA LSAN

    2009-01-01

    This paper outlines several important changes in our economic model brought about by the emergence of the knowledge economy. Until now, property rights have acquired a solid track record for being the most reliable and efficient societal device for coping with economic uncertainty. In the industrial age, property rights have made the separation between ownership and control tenable and have generated the now ubiquitous archetype of economic organization represented by the public corporation. ...

  9. 77 FR 67835 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-14

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). ACTION: Notice of availability of proposed records schedules... to security management, including the physical protection of personnel, assets, and facilities,...

  10. 78 FR 6355 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). ACTION: Notice of availability of proposed records schedules... files of electronic systems used to track personnel physical disability case files and...

  11. 76 FR 53700 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). ACTION: Notice of availability of proposed records schedules... system used to facilitate the release of dietary and physical activity guideline information....

  12. 75 FR 41899 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). ACTION: Notice of availability of proposed records schedules... vulnerability, develop countermeasures, and carry out other aspects of physical security analysis and...

  13. 76 FR 76190 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-06

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). ACTION: Notice of availability of proposed records schedules... Service, including physical examination reports and other documentation of the medical qualification...

  14. 77 FR 4371 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-27

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). ACTION: Notice of availability of proposed records schedules... conducting physical security inspections and assessments. 6. Department of Defense, Defense...

  15. Perpendicular recording media for hard disk drives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piramanayagam, S. N.

    2007-07-01

    Perpendicular recording technology has recently been introduced in hard disk drives for computer and consumer electronics applications. Although conceptualized in the late 1970s, making a product with perpendicular recording that has competing performance, reliability, and price advantage over the prevalent longitudinal recording technology has taken about three decades. One reason for the late entry of perpendicular recording is that the longitudinal recording technology was quite successful in overcoming many of its problems and in staying competitive. Other reasons are the risks, problems, and investment needed in making a successful transition to perpendicular recording technology. Iwasaki and co-workers came up with many inventions in the late 1970s, such as single-pole head, CoCr alloy media with a perpendicular anisotropy, and recording media with soft magnetic underlayers [S. Iwasaki and K. Takemura, IEEE Trans. Magn. 11, 1173 (1975); S. Iwasaki and Y. Nakamura, IEEE Trans. Magn. 14, 436 (1978); S. Iwasaki, Y. Nakamura, and K. Ouchi, IEEE Trans. Magn. 15, 1456 (1979)]. Nevertheless, the research on perpendicular recording media has been intense only in the past five years or so. The main reason for the current interest comes from the need to find an alternative technology to get away from the superparamagnetic limit faced by the longitudinal recording. Out of the several recording media materials investigated in the past, oxide based CoCrPt media have been considered a blessing. The media developed with CoCrPt-oxide or CoCrPt -SiO2 have shown much smaller grain sizes, lower noise, and larger thermal stability than the perpendicular recording media of the past, which is one of the reasons for the success of perpendicular recording. Moreover, oxide-based perpendicular media have also overtaken the current longitudinal recording media in terms of better recording performance. Several issues that were faced with the soft underlayers have also been solved by the

  16. 10 CFR 63.72 - Construction records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... maintain records of construction of the geologic repository operations area at the Yucca Mountain site in a..., and sequence of work; (6) Construction problems; (7) Anomalous conditions encountered; (8) Instrument... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Construction records. 63.72 Section 63.72 Energy...

  17. 76 FR 75421 - Managing Government Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ....) THE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, November 28, 2011 [FR Doc. 2011-31096 Filed 11-30-11; 11:15 am] Billing... December 1, 2011 Part III The President Memorandum of November 28, 2011--Managing Government Records #0; #0... Managing Government Records Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies Section...

  18. 39 CFR 262.4 - Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., including electronic data, developed or received by the Postal Service in connection with the transaction of... National Archives and Records Administration as having sufficient historical or other value to warrant continued preservation. (All other records are considered temporary and must be scheduled for disposal.)...

  19. 10 CFR 835.704 - Administrative records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Records § 835.704 Administrative records. (a) Training.... (e) Changes in equipment, techniques, and procedures used for monitoring shall be documented. (f... maintain occupational exposures as low as reasonably achievable, including the actions required for...

  20. Managing Records as Evidence and Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Richard J.

    For the past three decades, policies regarding a variety of information issues have emanated from federal agencies, legislative chambers, and corporate boardrooms. Records policies are critically important for records professionals to develop and use as a means of strategically managing the information and evidence found in the millions of records…

  1. Photochromic fulgide for multi-level recording

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen Yi [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, The Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101 (China)]. E-mail: yichencas@yahoo.com.cn; Li Tiankai [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, The Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101 (China); Fan Meigong [Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, The Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101 (China); Mai Xuesong [Department of Precision, Instruments and Mechanology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhao Hui [Department of Precision, Instruments and Mechanology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Xu Duanyi [Department of Precision, Instruments and Mechanology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

    2005-11-15

    Photochromism of fulgide with dicyanomethylene a, doped in PMMA matrix, has been investigated. It showed that fulgide a undergoes photoisomerization reaction in PMMA film and exhibits fast response, high sensitivity as well as non-destructive readout. Besides, four-level recording of photochromic compound a used as recording media has also explored with 780 nm laser beam.

  2. Photochromic fulgide for multi-level recording

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Photochromism of fulgide with dicyanomethylene a, doped in PMMA matrix, has been investigated. It showed that fulgide a undergoes photoisomerization reaction in PMMA film and exhibits fast response, high sensitivity as well as non-destructive readout. Besides, four-level recording of photochromic compound a used as recording media has also explored with 780 nm laser beam

  3. Atmospheric carbon dioxide and the climate record

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is an attempt to provide a summary review of conclusions from previous studies on this subject. Subject headings include: conceptualization of the greenhouse effect, the climatic effect of doubled CO2, interpretation of the climatic record, diagnosis of apparent and possible model deficiencies, and the palaeoclimatic record

  4. Definition of a Storage Accounting Record

    CERN Document Server

    Jensen, H. T.; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R.; Nilsen, J. K.; Zsolt, M.; Zappi, R.

    2011-01-01

    In this document a storage accounting record StAR is defined reflecting practical, financial and legal requirements of storage location, usage and space and data flow. The definition might be the base for a standardized schema or an extension of an existing record like the OGF UR.

  5. 21 CFR 812.140 - Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... device that relate to: (i) The type and quantity of the device, the dates of its receipt, and the batch... history and the results of all diagnostic tests. (iii) A record of the exposure of each subject to the... quantity of device, date of shipment, and batch number or code mark. Records of disposition shall...

  6. 22 CFR 212.21 - Public records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public records. 212.21 Section 212.21 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC INFORMATION Availability of Information for Public Inspection and Copying § 212.21 Public records. In accordance with this subpart, USAID makes the...

  7. 40 CFR 141.33 - Record maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Record maintenance. 141.33 Section 141.33 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL PRIMARY DRINKING WATER REGULATIONS Reporting and Recordkeeping § 141.33 Record maintenance....

  8. 47 CFR 101.1109 - Records maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Records maintenance. 101.1109 Section 101.1109 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES FIXED MICROWAVE SERVICES Competitive Bidding Procedures for LMDS § 101.1109 Records maintenance. All winning...

  9. Bat records from Malawi (Mammalia, Chiroptera)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergmans, Wim; Jachmann, Hugo

    1983-01-01

    Five species of bats are recorded from Kasungu National Park, Malawi: Eidolon helvum (Kerr, 1792); Epomophorus anurus Heuglin, 1864; Epomophorus minor Dobson, 1880; Epomops dobsonii (Bocage, 1889); and Scotoecus hindei Thomas, 1901. Some other Malawian records of these species, based on literature a

  10. 7 CFR 20.9 - Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Records. 20.9 Section 20.9 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture EXPORT SALES REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 20.9 Records. Each reporting exporter shall... authorized employees of the United States Department of Agriculture and shall be preserved for three...

  11. 37 CFR 251.21 - Public records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... records of the Librarian of Congress assembled and/or created under 17 U.S.C. 801 and 802, are available..., reports, and findings on any CARP matter or proceeding; (6) Communications among the Librarian of Congress...) Records not herein listed but which may be withheld as “exempted” if a CARP or the Librarian of...

  12. Holograms recorded in dichromated with simple sugars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sugars as glucose and fructose can be used to holographic record. These materials have the advantage to mix very well with K2Cr2O7.Holographic gratings recorded in sugars, were made by a lineal setup to producing interference pattern using a wavelength at 473 nm. These materials have the ability to register information in real time.

  13. Electronic patient records. The new black.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlisle, Daloni

    2007-05-24

    A Kent trial of a system that allows GPs live access to electronic patients records has proved a success. A survey of GPs found that an overwhelming majority would be interested in mobile access to patient records. The system is set to be fully launched soon, but questions remain over confidentiality and security. PMID:17582832

  14. How long shall we record electroencephalography?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Craciun, L; Gardella, E; Alving, J;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The duration of electroencephalography (EEG) recordings varies widely among laboratories. Although several recommendations had been published, there are no previous studies directly addressing this. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To assess the effect of the recording duration on detection of EEG ...

  15. 22 CFR 503.9 - Electronic records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Electronic records. 503.9 Section 503.9 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATION § 503.9 Electronic records... the Government's use of computers enhances the public's access to Government information. This...

  16. Atmospheric carbon dioxide and the climate record

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellsaesser, H.W.

    1989-04-01

    This paper is an attempt to provide a summary review of conclusions from previous studies on this subject. Subject headings include: conceptualization of the greenhouse effect, the climatic effect of doubled CO/sub 2/, interpretation of the climatic record, diagnosis of apparent and possible model deficiencies, and the palaeoclimatic record.

  17. Synchronization and comparison of Lifelog audio recordings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Andreas Brinch; Hansen, Lars Kai

    2008-01-01

    We investigate concurrent ‘Lifelog’ audio recordings to locate segments from the same environment. We compare two techniques earlier proposed for pattern recognition in extended audio recordings, namely cross-correlation and a fingerprinting technique. If successful, such alignment can be used as a...

  18. 40 CFR 60.4161 - EPA recordation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Electric Steam Generating Units Hg Allowance Transfers § 60.4161 EPA recordation. (a) Within 5 business days (except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section) of receiving a Hg allowance transfer, the Administrator will record a Hg allowance transfer by moving each Hg allowance from the transferor account to...

  19. Multiple Generations on Video Tape Recorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiens, Jacob H.

    Helical scan video tape recorders were tested for their dubbing characteristics in order to make selection data available to media personnel. The equipment, two recorders of each type tested, was submitted by the manufacturers. The test was designed to produce quality evaluations for three generations of a single tape, thereby encompassing all…

  20. Payroll Records, Business Education: 7734.31.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitz, Rochelle

    This brief pamphlet offers a course description to acquaint students with different types of payroll records, and provides experience in the preparation of time cards, the use of charts to figure taxes, making deductions, and completing records to government requirements. Enrollment guidelines; objectives; course content; procedures; learning…

  1. 21 CFR 1271.270 - Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... particular HCT/P involved. (b) Records management system. You must establish and maintain a records... HCT/P must be maintained in such a way as to facilitate review of the HCT/Ps history before making it available for distribution and, if necessary, subsequent to the HCT/Ps release as part of a...

  2. 78 FR 27276 - Privacy Act; System of Records: Security Records, State-36

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... published as 72 FR 73057). The records maintained in State-36, Security Records, capture data related to... (Protection of officers and employees of the U.S.); (j) 18 U.S.C. 1116 (Murder or manslaughter of...

  3. Use of magnetic recording for multiple-channel recording of explosion processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dvoyeglazov, Yu.B.; Sergeyev, V.M.

    1982-01-01

    Possibilities are examined for using magnetic recording in studying explosion processes and creating multiple-channel multiple-dimension recorder with frequency band of several hundred kilohertz. Experimental results are presented of calculating the magnetic drum and radioelectronic channel.

  4. Automatic quality classification of entire electrocardiographic recordings obtained with a novel patch type recorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saadi, Dorthe Bodholt; Hoppe, Karsten; Egstrup, Kenneth;

    2014-01-01

    algorithm for automatic classification of entire ECG recordings into the groups “noisy” and “clean” recordings. This novel algorithm is based on three features and a simple Bayes classifier. The algorithm was tested on 40 ECG recordings in a five-fold cross validation scheme and it obtained an average......Recently, new patch type electrocardiogram (ECG) recorders have reached the market. These new devices possess a number of advantages compared to the traditional Holter recorders. This forms the basis of questions related to benefits and drawbacks of different ambulatory ECG recording techniques....... One of the important questions is the ability to obtain high clinical quality of the recordings during the entire monitoring period. It is thus desirable to be able to obtain an automatic estimate of the global quality of entire ECG recordings. The purpose of this pilot study is therefore to design an...

  5. South Carolina Field Recordings in the Archive of Folk Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Stephanie A., Comp.

    This document describes recordings of the Library of Congress's unique collections of folklife and ethnomusicology from South Carolina. Information given includes length of recording, name of recorder, dates of recording, and content of recording. Recordings include songs, spirituals, hymns, sermons, prayers, dialect tales, and street songs.…

  6. 1995 Department of Energy Records Management Conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Records Management Group (RMG) provides a forum for DOE and its contractor personnel to review and discuss subjects, issues, and concerns of common interest. This forum will include the exchange of information, and interpretation of requirements, and a dialog to aid in cost-effective management of the DOE Records Management program. Issues addressed by the RMG may result in recommendations for DOE-wide initiatives. Proposed DOE-wide initiatives shall be, provided in writing by the RMG Steering Committee to the DOE Records Management Committee and to DOE`s Office of ERM Policy, Records, and Reports Management for appropriate action. The membership of the RMG is composed of personnel engaged in Records Management from DOE Headquarters, Field sites, contractors, and other organizations, as appropriate. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  7. Plastic scintillators for recording thermal neutrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The method of thermal polymerization was used to produce plastic scintillators on a polystryene base with a high concentration of lithium salts. The scintillators are intended for recording thermal neutrons. Scintillation spectra have been obtained for thermal and fast neutrons and for gamma rays. Analysis of these spectra shows that the efficiency for recording thermal neutrons is many times greater than the efficiency for recording fast neutrons or gamma quanta: with a 10% concentration (in weight) of lithium carbonate (90% Li6) and a scintillator thickness of 4 mm an efficiency of 26% can be obtained for recording thermal neutrons, while the efficiency for recording fast neutrons (Po - Be) is 0.6% and that for gamma quanta (Co60) 0.2%. (author)

  8. Network Analysis of Time-Lapse Microscopy Recordings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seth Malmersjö

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Multicellular organisms rely on intercellular communication to regulate important cellular processes critical to life. To further our understanding of those processes there is a need to scrutinize dynamical signaling events and their functions in both cells and organisms. Here, we report a method and provide MATLAB code that analyzes time-lapse microscopy recordings to identify and characterize network structures within large cell populations, such as interconnected neurons. The approach is demonstrated using intracellular calcium (Ca2+ recordings in neural progenitors and cardiac myocytes, but could be applied to a wide variety of biosensors employed in diverse cell types and organisms. In this method, network structures are analyzed by applying cross-correlation signal processing and graph theory to single-cell recordings. The goal of the analysis is to determine if the single cell activity constitutes a network of interconnected cells and to decipher the properties of this network. The method can be applied in many fields of biology in which biosensors are used to monitor signaling events in living cells. Analyzing intercellular communication in cell ensembles can reveal essential network structures that provide important biological insights.

  9. Processed seismic motion records from earthquakes (1982--1993): Recorded at Scotty`s Castle, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lum, P K; Honda, K K

    1993-10-01

    The 8mm data tape contains the processed seismic data of earthquakes recorded at Scotty`s Castle, California. The seismic data were recorded by seismographs maintained by the DOE/NV in Southern Nevada. Four files were generated from each seismic recorder. They are ``Uncorrected acceleration time histories, 2. corrected acceleration, velocity and displacement time histories, 3. original recording, and 4. Fourier amplitude spectra of acceleration.

  10. Using the ENF Criterion for Determining the Time of Recording of Short Digital Audio Recordings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huijbregtse, Maarten; Geradts, Zeno

    The Electric Network Frequency (ENF) Criterion is a recently developed forensic technique for determining the time of recording of digital audio recordings, by matching the ENF pattern from a questioned recording with an ENF pattern database. In this paper we discuss its inherent limitations in the case of short - i.e., less than 10 minutes in duration - digital audio recordings. We also present a matching procedure based on the correlation coefficient, as a more robust alternative to squared error matching.

  11. COLLABORATION, COMPLEXITIES AND COMRADERY : Recording artists' perceptions and preparedness on recording contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Klemola, Mikko

    2013-01-01

    The current digital age has had a major effect on the recording industry. The objective of this qualitative study was to gain insights into the Finnish recording artists’ perceptions on recording contracts today and their preparedness for dealing with the contracts. The study examined how the artists viewed the importance of having a recording contract, how prepared they were for the contract negotiations and how they viewed the potential consequences of signing one. The theoretical knowl...

  12. Record Multiphoton Absorption Cross-Sections by Dendrimer Organometalation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Peter V; Watson, Laurance A; Barlow, Adam; Wang, Genmiao; Cifuentes, Marie P; Humphrey, Mark G

    2016-02-12

    Large increases in molecular two-photon absorption, the onset of measurable molecular three-photon absorption, and record molecular four-photon absorption in organic π-delocalizable frameworks are achieved by incorporation of bis(diphosphine)ruthenium units with alkynyl linkages. The resultant ruthenium alkynyl-containing dendrimers exhibit strong multiphoton absorption activity through the biological and telecommunications windows in the near-infrared region. The ligated ruthenium units significantly enhance solubility and introduce fully reversible redox switchability to the optical properties. Increasing the ruthenium content leads to substantial increases in multiphoton absorption properties without any loss of optical transparency. This significant improvement in multiphoton absorption performance by incorporation of the organometallic units into the organic π-framework is maintained when the relevant parameters are scaled by molecular weights or number of delocalizable π-electrons. The four-photon absorption cross-section of the most metal-rich dendrimer is an order of magnitude greater than the previous record value. PMID:26797727

  13. 21 CFR 225.102 - Master record file and production records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...(s) includes the complete history of a batch or production run. This record includes the amounts of... original production record or copy thereof shall be prepared by qualified personnel for each batch or run... production record shall describe the corrective action taken. (5) Each batch or production run of...

  14. 76 FR 76215 - Privacy Act; System of Records: State-78, Risk Analysis and Management Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-06

    ... Act; System of Records: State-78, Risk Analysis and Management Records SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Department of State proposes to create a system of records, Risk Analysis and Management.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Department of State proposes that the new system will be ``Risk Analysis...

  15. 25 CFR 515.6 - Review of request for amendment of record by the Records Manager.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Manager. 515.6 Section 515.6 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS PRIVACY ACT PROCEDURES § 515.6 Review of request for amendment of record by the Records Manager. (a) The Records Manager shall, not later than ten (10) days (excluding Saturdays, Sundays and...

  16. 12 CFR 1403.3 - Procedures for requests pertaining to individual records in a record system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for requests pertaining to individual records in a record system. 1403.3 Section 1403.3 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE... record system. (a) Any present or former employee of the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation...

  17. 36 CFR 1600.27 - Requests for an accounting of record disclosures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... for an accounting of any disclosure that has been made by the Foundation to another person... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requests for an accounting of... Requests for an accounting of record disclosures. (a) How made and addressed. Except where accountings...

  18. 36 CFR 1275.64 - Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reproduction of tape... § 1275.64 Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations. (a) To ensure the preservation... locations established by the Archivist in accordance with § 1275.62. (d) The reproduction for members of...

  19. Measuring a Pig's Preference for Suspended Toys by Using an Automated Recording Technique

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zonderland, J.J.; Vermeer, H.M.; Vereijken, P.F.G.; Spoolder, H.A.M.

    2003-01-01

    Not all suspended materials for finishing pigs are equally suited to meet the natural behavior of the animal, but the required physical properties of the toys have yet to be identified. The present study aimed to develop a labor saving electronic recording device for animal-material interactions. Fu

  20. 41 CFR 109-38.204-50 - Records of exempted motor vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... motor vehicles. 109-38.204-50 Section 109-38.204-50 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal... AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION, AND MOTOR VEHICLES 38-MOTOR EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT 38.2-Registration, Identification, and Exemptions § 109-38.204-50 Records of exempted motor vehicles. The Director, Office...

  1. Optically Recording Velocity Interferometer System: Applications and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Marcia

    2015-06-01

    The Optically Recording Velocity Interferometer System (ORVIS) is a useful variant of the single point Velocity Interferometer System Any Reflector (VISAR) for the measurement of spatially dependent surface motion. Despite being similar in name, the two systems fundamentally differ in terms of the light recombination afforded by the interferometer geometry and subsequent recording method of the fringe phase variations. While both techniques have long been established as useful measurement technologies in shock physics studies of homogeneous and heterogeneous materials, the number of researchers employing spatially resolved ORVIS remains small. The first part of this presentation will discuss the baseline system including data examples only possible with the diagnostic's ability for continuous spatial recording. Recent adaptations of the baseline system have extended capabilities to incorporate multiple interferometers and laser illumination sources for observations in multiple spatial dimensions and non-planar geometries. The second part of this presentation will discuss efforts to overcome noted practical challenges when fielding the diagnostic and post-processing of image data. Application to non-planar geometries and highly heterogeneous materials motivates an appreciation of the coupling between the target surface reflectance properties and the light collection optics which can be quantitatively assessed through the bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) of the reflector. Challenges of practically locating fringe jumps in post-processing are discussed in the context of appreciating the underlying quadrature relationships of the fringe records. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  2. Higgs properties

    CERN Document Server

    Brandstetter, Johannes

    2016-01-01

    ATLAS and CMS analyses of the most important decay channels are outlined and measurements of Higgs boson properties are summarized and compared with standard model expectations. This report presents ATLAS and CMS analyses with LHC run 1 data taken at centre-of-mass energies of $\\sqrt{s}=7~$TeV and $\\sqrt{s}=8~$TeV as well as the latest analyses with 2015 LHC run 2 data taken at a centre-of-mass energy of $\\sqrt{s}=13~$TeV.

  3. New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (October, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. KATSANEVAKIS

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Collective Article ‘New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records’ of the Mediterranean Marine Science journal offers the means to publish biodiversity records in the Mediterranean Sea. The current article is divided in two parts, for records of alien and native species respectively. The new records of alien species include: the red alga Asparagopsis taxiformis (Crete and Lakonicos Gulf (Greece; the red alga Grateloupia turuturu (along the Israeli Mediterranean shore; the mantis shrimp Clorida albolitura (Gulf of Antalya, Turkey; the mud crab Dyspanopeus sayi (Mar Piccolo of Taranto, Ionian Sea; the blue crab Callinectes sapidus (Chios Island, Greece; the isopod Paracerceis sculpta (northern Aegean Sea, Greece; the sea urchin Diadema setosum (Gökova Bay, Turkey; the molluscs Smaragdia souverbiana, Murex forskoehlii, Fusinus verrucosus, Circenita callipyga, and Aplysia dactylomela (Syria; the cephalaspidean mollusc Haminoea cyanomarginata (Baia di Puolo, Massa Lubrense, Campania, southern Italy; the topmouth gudgeon Pseudorasbora parva (Civitavecchia, Tyrrhenian Sea; the fangtooth moray Enchelycore anatine (Plemmirio marine reserve, Sicily; the silver-cheeked toadfish Lagocephalus sceleratus (Saros Bay, Turkey; and Ibiza channel, Spain; the Indo-Pacific ascidian Herdmania momusin Kastelorizo Island (Greece; and the foraminiferal Clavulina multicam erata (Saronikos Gulf, Greece. The record of L. sceleratus in Spain consists the deepest (350-400m depth record of the species in the Mediterranean Sea. The new records of native species include: first record of the ctenophore Cestum veneris in Turkish marine waters; the presence of Holothuria tubulosa and Holothuria polii in the Bay of Igoumenitsa (Greece; the first recorded sighting of the bull ray Pteromylaeus bovinus in Maltese waters; and a new record of the fish Lobotes surinamensis from Maliakos Gulf. 

  4. Properties and Application of a Novel Unsymmetrical Photochromic Diarylethene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Liqin; Pu Shouzhi; Liu Gang; Fan Congbin; Cui Shiqiang, E-mail: pushouzhi@tsinghua.org.cn [Jiangxi Key Lab of Organic Chemistry, Jiangxi Science and Technology Normal University 330013 (China)

    2011-02-01

    A new unsymmetrical photochromic diarylethene, 1-(2-methyl-5-phenyl-3-thienyl)-2-(2-n-butyl-5-(1,3-dioxolane)-3-thienyl) perfluoroncyclopentene (1a), was synthesized and its optoelectronic properties, such as photochromism in solution as well as in poly-methylmethacrylate (PMMA) amorphous films and fluorescences were investigated. The photochromic reaction kinetics was also studied. Using diarylethene 1b/PMMA film as recording medium and a linearly polarized 633 nm laser diode for recording and readout, polarization multiplexed image recording can be carried out in this film, which illustrated that the diarylethene can be potentially used as holographic optical recording medium.

  5. Properties and Application of a Novel Unsymmetrical Photochromic Diarylethene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new unsymmetrical photochromic diarylethene, 1-(2-methyl-5-phenyl-3-thienyl)-2-(2-n-butyl-5-(1,3-dioxolane)-3-thienyl) perfluoroncyclopentene (1a), was synthesized and its optoelectronic properties, such as photochromism in solution as well as in poly-methylmethacrylate (PMMA) amorphous films and fluorescences were investigated. The photochromic reaction kinetics was also studied. Using diarylethene 1b/PMMA film as recording medium and a linearly polarized 633 nm laser diode for recording and readout, polarization multiplexed image recording can be carried out in this film, which illustrated that the diarylethene can be potentially used as holographic optical recording medium.

  6. Business Plan for a Record Company

    OpenAIRE

    Mbuthia, Alexander; Wakuwile, Janina

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to develop a business plan for a record company named Kamoja Records in Espoo Finland that will focus on music and video production. The main purpose of this study is to determine whether this business plan is viable and whether the resulting company would be able to function as a vibrant record label. The business plan evaluates different features that are related to music and video production. The purpose is to obtain knowledge about business planning in gene...

  7. Downloading Multiple Records Using Query Strings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Crymble

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Downloading a single record from a website is easy, but downloading many records at a time – an increasingly frequent need for a historian – is much more efficient using a programming language such as Python. In this lesson, we will write a program that will download a series of records from the Old Bailey Online using custom search criteria, and save them to a directory on our computer. This process involves interpreting and manipulating URL Query Strings. In this case, the tutorial will seek to download sources that contain references to people of African descent that were published in the Old Bailey Proceedings between 1700 and 1750.

  8. Importance of health physics records in litigation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear insurance pools, through American Nuclear Insurers (ANI) and the Mutual Atomic Energy Liability Underwriters (MAELU), have been providing the third-party liability insurance required of the nuclear industry by the Price-Anderson Act since 1957. Records of claims of radiation injury have been kept for twenty-five years, and a recent upsurge of the claim rate has been noted. An explanation for this new trend is postulated and some examples are discussed. The use of health physics records as evidence in litigation is described, and specific examples of the types of records required to defend against past and future claims are given

  9. Improved performance in coaxial holographic data recording.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Kenji; Hara, Masaaki; Tokuyama, Kazutatsu; Hirooka, Kazuyuki; Ishioka, Koji; Fukumoto, Atsushi; Watanabe, Kenjiro

    2007-11-26

    We describe a coaxial holographic recording system for achieving high recording density. We implement several techniques, such as an objective lens with high numerical aperture (NA), high capacity page data format, a random binary phase mask, and an optical noise reduction element. Our system successfully realizes a hologram recording/retrieving at a low diffraction efficiency less than 2.0 x 10(-3) and achieves a raw data density of 180 Gbit/in.(2), thus demonstrating the potential of a coaxial holographic system for high-density optical storage systems. PMID:19550907

  10. Polarization holographic recording in Disperse Red1 doped polyurethane polymer film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aleksejeva, J; Gerbreders, A; Gertners, U; Reinfelde, M; Teteris, J, E-mail: aleksejeva.jelena@gmail.com [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Kengaraga street 8, Riga (Latvia)

    2011-06-23

    In this report holographic recording of polarisation and surface relief gratings in Disperse Red 1 (DR1) doped polyurethane polymer films was studied. In this material DR1 is chemically bounded to polyurethane polymer main chain. Polarization holographic recording was performed by two orthogonal circularly polarized 532 nm laser beams. Photoinduced birefringence is a precondition for polarization holograms recording, therefore a detailed study of a photoinduced birefringence and changes of optical properties was performed. The lasers with wavelengths of 375nm, 448nm, 532 nm and 632.8 nm were used as pumping beam for sample excitation. The photoinduced birefringence {Delta}n was measured at 532 nm and 632.8 nm wavelengths. The photoinduced birefringence dependence on the pumping beam wavelength and intensity was investigated. Surface relief grating (SRG) formation was observed during polarization holographic recording process. A profile of SRG was studied by AFM. A relationship between SRG formation and photoinduced birefringence has been discussed.

  11. Importance of record length with respect to estimating the 1-percent chance flood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feaster, Toby D.

    2010-01-01

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamflow gages have been established in every State in the Nation, Puerto Rico, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. From these st reamflow records, estimates of the magnitude and frequency of floods are often developed and used to design transportation and water- conveyance structures to protect lives and property, and to determine flood-insurance rates. Probably the most recognizable flood statistic computed from USGS stream gaging records is the 1- percent (%) chance flood; better known has the 100-year flood. By definition, this is a flood that has a 1% chance of occurring in any given year. The 1% chance flood is a statistical estimate that can be significantly influenced by length of record and extreme flood events captured in that record. Consequently, it is typically recommended that flood statistics be updated on some regular interval such as every 10 years. This paper examines the influence of record length on the 1% chance flood for the Broad River in Georgia and the substantial difference that can occur in the estimate based on record length and the hydrologic conditions under which that record was collected. 

  12. 41 CFR 128-1.5002-5 - Personal property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....104-13). For management and accounting control, personal property is categorized as follows: (a... Regulations System (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 1-INTRODUCTION 1.50-Authorities and Responsibilities for..., except real and related property (as defined in FPMR 41 CFR 101-43.104-15), records of the...

  13. List of Climatological Records - National Archives

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — State-by-state listing of weather records housed in the National Archives as of 1942. The original manuscript was published as one publication, but for ease of use...

  14. Microcomputer for controlled substance record keeping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, R L; Motta, L J; Yee, A D

    1984-01-01

    The use of a microcomputer to maintain controlled substance inventory and record keeping is described. The system maintains perpetual inventories of the central narcotic vault and proof-of-use controlled drug records outstanding at nursing stations. The computerized system has eliminated (1) the delay previously encountered in the posting of transactions from the numeric log to perpetual inventory logs and (2) the potential addition and subtraction errors inherent in a manual system. Computerizing the controlled drug record-keeping system has saved approximately 166 minutes of labor per day, a cost savings of approximately $26. The new system also helps prevent diversion of controlled substances. The computer may also be used for other tasks while not running the controlled substance program. A microcomputer is well suited to the task of controlled-substance record-keeping functions, and the cost of the system (less than $4000) can be quickly recouped in labor savings. PMID:6695929

  15. Multilevel read-only optical recording methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Song Jie; Xu Duan-Yi; Qi Guo-Sheng; Hu Hua; Zhang Qi-Cheng; Xiong Jian-Ping

    2006-01-01

    The advantages of read-only storage is the predominance of optical recording relative to magnetic and other rewritable methods. Multilevel (ML) read-only technology has been a trend to improve the data capacity and transfer rate. Based on the principle and coding method of ML, this paper demonstrates some ML read-only recording methods, of which a new ML read-only recording is developed. This recording method integrates amplitude modulation achieved by the reaction mechanism of physics and chemistry of photoresist with the run-length-limited technology. The discs can be achieved using standard photoresist mastering and replication techniques with great compatibility to conventional binary read-only discs.

  16. Another Record Year for Academic Pork.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brainard, Jeffrey

    2002-01-01

    Discusses how, fueled by the war on terrorism, Congress has awarded a record $1.8 billion in academic earmarks in the 2002 fiscal year. Profiles several recipient programs and includes a campus-by-campus list of projects. (EV)

  17. A Concept Annotation System for Clinical Records

    CERN Document Server

    Kang, Ning; Afzal, Zubair; Singh, Bharat; Schuemie, Martijn J; van Mulligen, Erik M; Kors, Jan A

    2010-01-01

    Unstructured information comprises a valuable source of data in clinical records. For text mining in clinical records, concept extraction is the first step in finding assertions and relationships. This study presents a system developed for the annotation of medical concepts, including medical problems, tests, and treatments, mentioned in clinical records. The system combines six publicly available named entity recognition system into one framework, and uses a simple voting scheme that allows to tune precision and recall of the system to specific needs. The system provides both a web service interface and a UIMA interface which can be easily used by other systems. The system was tested in the fourth i2b2 challenge and achieved an F-score of 82.1% for the concept exact match task, a score which is among the top-ranking systems. To our knowledge, this is the first publicly available clinical record concept annotation system.

  18. NCDC Surface Weather Records Inventory - 1981

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Alphabetic listing by state of all the aviation, synoptic, supplementary airways, and similar observations on file at NCDC from the beginning of the record through...

  19. Gravity Data for Indiana (300 records compiled)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The gravity data (300 records) were compiled by Purdue University. This data base was received in February 1993. Principal gravity parameters include Free-air...

  20. Four new records for Physarales from Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    DEMİREL, Gönül; KAŞIK, Gıyasettin

    2012-01-01

    Physarum didermoides (Pers.) Rostaf., Physarum gyrosum Rostaf., Didymium karstensii Nann.-Bremek., and Didymium trachysporum G.Lister, taxa grown by moist chamber culture method, are 4 new records from Turkey.

  1. VA Personal Health Record Sample Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — My HealtheVet (www.myhealth.va.gov ) is a Personal Health Record portal designed to improve the delivery of health care services to Veterans, to promote health and...

  2. The Future Is Coming: Electronic Health Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues The Future Is Coming: Electronic Health Records Past Issues / Spring ... enormous potential of this technology." This is a future that all Americans will be living, and now ...

  3. EOP TDRs (Temperature-Depth-Recordings) Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature-depth-recorders (TDRs) were attached to commercial longline and research Cobb trawl gear to obtain absolute depth and temperature measurement during...

  4. Hit Record Trends, 1940-1977.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Bruce; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Examines trends in popular music by analyzing the number one recordings from 1940 to 1977 in terms of the relationships among four variables: manufacturer (market concentration), song type (musical genre), artist type (performance mode), and lyric content (vocal message). (JMF)

  5. The geological record of ocean acidification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hönisch, B.; Ridgwell, A.; Schmidt, D.N.; Thomas, E.; Gibbs, S.J.; Sluijs, A.; Zeebe, R.; Kump, L.; Martindale, R.C.; Greene, S.E.; Kiessling, W.; Ries, J.; Zachos, J.C.; Royer, D.L.; Barker, S.; Marchitto Jr., T.M.; Moyer, R.; Pelejero, C.; Ziveri, P.; Foster, G.L.; Williams, B.

    2012-01-01

    Ocean acidification may have severe consequences for marine ecosystems; however, assessing its future impact is difficult because laboratory experiments and field observations are limited by their reduced ecologic complexity and sample period, respectively. In contrast, the geological record contain

  6. Information Discovery on Electronic Health Records

    CERN Document Server

    Hristidis, Vagelis

    2009-01-01

    Exploiting the information found in electronic health records (EHRs) can facilitate better medical research and improve the quality of medical practice. Addressing the challenges of leveraging this information, this book explores the technology to unleash the data stored in EHRs

  7. American burying beetle site records : Valentine NWR

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is specific site records of American burying beetle on Valentine Nationl Wildlife Refuge to date. It includes a map of site location. A discussion...

  8. Frequently Asked Questions about Personal Health Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... laws in your state, visit The Center for Democracy & Technology . Most health records are subject to the ... Stories I learned that a PHR saves time, energy, and money. And it saved my life! A ...

  9. Accurate blood pressure recording: Is it difficult?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhalla A

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP measurement is a routine procedure but errors are frequently committed during BP recording. AIMS AND SETTINGS: The aim of the study was to look at the prevalent practices in the institute regarding BP recording. The study was conducted in the Medicine Department at Government Medical College, Chandigarh, a teaching institute for MBBS students. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was performed amongst the 80 doctors in a tertiary care hospital. All of them were observed by a single observer during the act of BP recording. The observer was well versed with the guidelines issued by British Hypertension Society (BHS and the deviations from the standard set of guidelines issued by BHS were noted. The errors were defined as deviations from these guidelines. STATISTICAL METHODS: The results were recorded as percentage of doctors committing these errors. RESULTS: In our study, 90% used mercury type sphygmomanometer. Zero error of the apparatus, hand dominance was not noted by any one. Every one used the standard BP cuff for recording BP. 70% of them did not let the patient rest before recording BP. 80% did not remove the clothing from the arm. None of them recorded BP in both arms. In out patient setting, 80% recorded blood pressure in sitting position and 14% in supine position. In all the patients where BP was recorded in sitting position BP apparatus was below the level of heart and 20% did not have their arm supported. 60% did not use palpatory method for noticing systolic BP and 70% did not raise pressure 30-40 mm Hg above the systolic level before checking the BP by auscultation. 80% lowered the BP at a rate of more than 2 mm/s and 60% rounded off the BP to nearest 5-10 mm Hg. 70% recorded BP only once and 90% of the rest re inflated the cuff without completely deflating and allowing rest before a second reading was obtained. CONCLUSION: The practice of recording BP in our hospital varies from the standard

  10. Accurate blood pressure recording: Is it difficult?

    OpenAIRE

    Bhalla A; Singh R; D'cruz S; Lehl S; Sachdev A

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) measurement is a routine procedure but errors are frequently committed during BP recording. AIMS AND SETTINGS: The aim of the study was to look at the prevalent practices in the institute regarding BP recording. The study was conducted in the Medicine Department at Government Medical College, Chandigarh, a teaching institute for MBBS students. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was performed amongst the 80 doctors in a tertiary care hospital. All ...

  11. 1994 Department of Energy Records Management Conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Records Management Group (RMG) provides a forum for DOE and its contractor personnel to review and discuss subjects, issues, and concerns of common interest. This forum will include the exchange of information, and interpretation of requirements, and a dialog to aid in cost-effective management of the DOE Records Management program. This report contains the contributions from this forum.

  12. Pétrole : vers de nouveaux records ?

    OpenAIRE

    Reynès, Frédéric

    2008-01-01

    Depuis 2004, le cours du pétrole vole de record en record, une tendance qui s'est accentuée en 2007. Parti de 50,5 dollars à la mi-janvier, le prix du baril de Brent n'a cessé de croître. Il atteignait 78 dollars fin juillet, 96,3 dollars début novembre pour culminer à 108,4 dollars en mars 2008 (...).

  13. Updating flood records using historic water profiles

    OpenAIRE

    Pohl, Reinhard

    2015-01-01

    The statistical evaluation of flood records requires long data series to extrapolate reliable peak discharges and related recurrence intervals. Often the records are extended with historical information concerning the water level. As the distribution functions are usually fitted to the discharge values historic stage-discharge-relations must be found to convert these values. Regarding the Elbe river at the Dresden gauge the history of a water course and its morphology is investigated. Usin...

  14. Business Plan for the JABEZ Records

    OpenAIRE

    Rhone, David; Kalosakas, Dimitrios; Karakasis, Anastasios; Morris, Evangelo; Mousonis, Konstantinos

    2003-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. MBA Professional Report The purpose of this MBA Project was to provide a formal business plan for JABEZ Records of Vallejo, California. This project was conducted with the sponsorship and assistance of Cal- Precisions General Contractors, a residential and commercial general construction and contracting company of Vallejo, California. Special assistance was from Mr. Learinza Morris, the Chief Executive Officer of JABEZ Records and ...

  15. New floristic records in the Balkans: 16

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biel, B.; Tan, Kit

    2011-01-01

    This is the fifteenth report of new plant-records for the island of Samothraki (N Aegean islands, Nomos Evrou, Eparchia Samothrakis) based on fieldwork carried out mainly in May 2011, supplemented with a few collections from earlier years. The records listed are all new to the island, or to the...... floristic region N Aegean (NAe) as circumscribed in Flora Hellenica (Strid & Tan 1997). The occurrence on the other N Aegean islands is also provided...

  16. From Medical Records to Clinical Science

    OpenAIRE

    Aickin, Mikel; Elder, Charles

    2012-01-01

    Medical records contain an abundance of information, very little of which is extracted and put to clinical use. Increasing the flow of information from medical records to clinical practice requires methods of analysis that are appropriate for large nonintervention studies. The purpose of this article is to explain in nontechnical language what these methods are, how they differ from conventional statistical analyses, and why the latter are generally inappropriate. This is important because of...

  17. Recording Provenance for SQL Queries and Updates

    OpenAIRE

    Vansummeren, Stijn; Cheney, James

    2007-01-01

    Knowing the origin of data (i.e., where the data was copied or created from)---its provenance---is vital for assessing the trustworthiness of contemporary scientific databases such as UniProt and SWISS-PROT. Unfortunately, provenance information must currently be recorded manually, by added effort of the database maintainer. Since such maintenance is tedious and error-prone, it is desirable to provide support for recording provenance in the database system itself. We review a recen...

  18. Holograms recorded in dichromated with simple sugars

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mejias-Brizuela, N Y; Olivares-Perez, A [Instituto Tecnologico Superior de Atlixco, Coordinacion de Bioquimica, Prolongacion Heliotropo N0 1201, Vista Hermosa Atlixco, Puebla (Mexico); Grande-Grande, A, E-mail: nilyame@inaoep.mx, E-mail: olivares@inaoep.mx

    2011-01-01

    Sugars as glucose and fructose can be used to holographic record. These materials have the advantage to mix very well with K{sub 2}Cr{sub 2}O{sub 7}.Holographic gratings recorded in sugars, were made by a lineal setup to producing interference pattern using a wavelength at 473 nm. These materials have the ability to register information in real time.

  19. Maintenance of a Computerized Medical Record Form

    OpenAIRE

    Steichen, Olivier; Rossignol, Patrick; Daniel-Lebozec, Christel; Charlet, Jean; Jaulent, Marie-Christine; Degoulet, Patrice

    2007-01-01

    Structured entry forms for clinical records should be updated to take into account the physicians’ needs during consultation and advances in medical knowledge and practice. We updated the computerized medical record form of a hypertension clinic, based on its previous use and clinical guidelines. A statistical analysis of previously completed forms identified several unnecessary items rarely used by clinicians. A terminological analysis of guidelines and of free-text answers on completed form...

  20. The Recursive Record Semantics of Objects Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Boudol, Gérard

    2001-01-01

    In a call-by-value language, representing objects as recursive records requires using an unsafe fixpoint. We design, for a core language including extensible records, a type system which rules out unsafe recursion and still supports the reconstruction of a principal type. We illustrate the expressive power of this language with respect to object-oriented programming by introducing a sub-language for «mixin-based» programming.

  1. Holographic Recording in Acrylamide Photopolymers: Thickness Limitations

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmud, Mohammad; Naydenova, Izabela; Pandey, Nitesh; Babeva, Tzvetanka; Jallapuram, Raghavendra; Martin, Suzanne; Toal, Vincent

    2009-01-01

    Holographic recording in thick photopolymer layers is important for application in holographic data storage, volume holographic filters and correlators. Here, the characteristics of acrylamidebased photopolymer layers having thickness from 250 μm to 1-mm were studied. For each layer thickness samples with three different values of absorbance were studied. By measuring both the first order diffraction efficiency growth of holographically recorded gratings and studying the diffraction patterns ...

  2. Electronic Medical Record Tobacco Use Vital Sign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norris John W

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective Determination of the prevalence of tobacco use and impact of tobacco prevention/treatment efforts in an electronic medical record enabled practice utilizing a defined tobacco vital sign variable. Design and Measurements Retrospective cohort study utilizing patient data recorded in an electronic medical record database between July 15, 2001, and May 31, 2003. Patient-reported tobacco use status was obtained for each of 6,771 patients during the pre-provider period of their 24,824 visits during the study period with the recorder blinded to past tobacco use status entries. Results An overall current tobacco use prevalence of 27.1% was found during the study period. Tobacco use status was recorded in 96% of visits. Comparison of initial to final visit tobacco use status demonstrates a consistency rate of 75.0% declaring no change in tobacco status in the 4,522 patients with two or more visits. An 8.6% net tobacco use decline was seen for the practice (p value Conclusion Self reported tobacco use status as a vital sign embedded within the workflow of an electronic medical record enabled practice was a quantitative tool for determination of tobacco use prevalence and a measuring stick of risk prevention/intervention impact.

  3. Recording-based identification of site liquefaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Yuxian; Zhang Yushan; Liang Jianwen; Ray Ruichong Zhang

    2005-01-01

    Reconnaissance reports and pertinent research on seismic hazards show that liquefaction is one of the key sources of damage to geotechnical and structural engineering systems. Therefore, identifying site liquefaction conditions plays an important role in seismic hazard mitigation. One of the widely used approaches for detecting liquefaction is based on the time-frequency analysis of ground motion recordings, in which short-time Fourier transform is typically used. It is known that recordings at a site with liquefaction are the result of nonlinear responses of seismic waves propagating in the liquefied layers underneath the site. Moreover, Fourier transform is not effective in characterizing such dynamic features as time-dependent frequency of the recordings rooted in nonlinear responses. Therefore, the aforementioned approach may not be intrinsically effective in detecting liquefaction. An alternative to the Fourier-based approach is presented in this study,which proposes time-frequency analysis of earthquake ground motion recordings with the aid of the Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT), and offers justification for the HHT in addressing the liquefaction features shown in the recordings. The paper then defines the predominant instantaneous frequency (PIF) and introduces the PIF-related motion features to identify liquefaction conditions at a given site. Analysis of 29 recorded data sets at different site conditions shows that the proposed approach is effective in detecting site liquefaction in comparison with other methods.

  4. Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage. Official Records

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These Official Records of the Conference contain the summary records of the plenary meetings and of the meetings of the Committee of the Whole, the text of the Convention, the Optional Protocol, the Final Act, the resolutions adopted by the Conference and the reports of the committees and sub-committees, as well as all other documents which were submitted to the plenary and the Committee of the Whole. These Official Records also contain a complete index of documents relevant to each Article of the Convention according to its number in the final text. The history of the preparatory studies and documents is summarized on pages 39, 40 and 65-86. The symbols of International Atomic Energy Agency documents are composed of capital letters combined with figures. Mention of such a symbol indicates a reference to an International Atomic Energy Agency document. The summary records of the plenary meetings and of the meetings of the Committee of the Whole contained in this volume were originally circulated in mimeographed form as documents CN-12/OR/1 to 7 and CN-12, CW/OR. 1 to 24 respectively. As printed in this volume they include the corrections to the provisional summary records that were requested by the delegations and such drafting and editorial changes as were considered necessary. These official records are available in English, French, Russian and Spanish. (author)

  5. Case study: Managing potentially contaminated records

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the past 10 or more years, Analytical Laboratory data cards have been generated and stored in the 222-S Laboratory at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. These cards are classified as record material and require retention for a minimum of 75 years in an approved storage facility in accordance with Westinghouse Hanford Company procedures. The cards are maintained in records boxes in the attic of the 222-S Laboratory and are subject to potential risk and loss. The most significant potential risks are radiological hazards. Various options are available for removal, cataloging, transmittal, and storage of these long-term records. Because the records are currently stored in a radiation protection zone, they surveyed before being released from the facility. This survey can be arduous and time consuming. Resolutions to the problem of removal and proper storage of the records from the facility need to be addressed. The records were reviewed and inventoried to determine the quantity of information. A study of the various options available was conducted, and based on the information collected, it was determined that the most feasible and cost-effective approach is to microfilm the cards inside the laboratory. This option complies with all applicable company requirements and decreases the estimated radiological survey time from approximately 3.5 years to under 40 hours. This activity will result in a potential savings of $350,000 over the life of the activity

  6. Thermophysical properties of sodium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermophysical properties of sodium for reactor safety studies are presented. Subcooled, superheated and saturated properties are given. A summary of the thermophysical properties is given in tabular form

  7. Simultaneous Measurement of Temperature Dependent Thermophysical Properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czél, Balázs; Gróf, Gyula; Kiss, László

    2011-11-01

    A new evaluation method for a transient measurement of thermophysical properties is presented in this paper. The aim of the research was to couple a new automatic evaluation procedure to the BICOND thermophysical property measurement method to enhance the simultaneous determination of the temperature dependent thermal conductivity and volumetric heat capacity. The thermophysical properties of two different polymers were measured and compared with the literature data and with the measurement results that were done by well-known, traditional methods. The BICOND method involves a step-down cooling, recording the temperature histories of the inner and the outer surfaces of a hollow cylindrical sample and the thermophysical properties are evaluated from the solution of the corresponding inverse heat conduction using a genetic algorithm-based method (BIGEN) developed by the authors. The BIGEN is able to find the material properties with any kind of temperature dependency, that is illustrated through the measurement results of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) and polyamide (PA) samples.

  8. Analysis of Scan Records with a Recording Densitometer - The ''Re-Scanner''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The impact of improvements in scanning equipment has not been fully felt at the clinical level, largely because of deficiencies in scan recording. In an attempt to improve visualization and contrast in scan records, various instrumental methods of analysis have been devised. We have devised a simple and comparatively inexpensive recording densitometer for ''re-scanning'' scan records. A light-sensor scans the record just as a scanner scans a patient. The output of the device is a pulse rate proportional to the opacity (or transmission) of the record, and may be used to make a new, or ''re-scan'', record. The area of the record over which information is integrated is set by sensor aperture. The wide range of output pulse-rates (zero to 15 000 parts/s) causes large and adjustable contrast amplification. A threshold control provides any ''cut-off level'' of choice. Operation is rapid, and a record can be re-scanned in a small fraction of the time required to obtain the original record. Studies on clinical scans of almost every organ or area of interest show that the re-scanner reveals information not at first evident in original scan records. It has been particularly useful in determining the statistical significance of small variations in counting rate in a scan record. In scan records of large dynamic range where no single cut-off level satisfactorily shows all regions of interest, re-scans at several cut-off levels were once necessary. A two-region sensor, that views a region of the record around the field of view of the main sensor, has been used in an attempt to overcome this difficulty. At least three modes of operation are possible with the two-region sensor: (1) ''normal'' operation; (2) ignoring general record density and responding only to small variations, thus setting its own cut-off level; and (3) reporting only abrupt changes in record density. Other modes seem to be possible. This relatively simple and inexpensive device is proving to be of valuable

  9. 46 CFR 109.437 - Crane record book.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crane record book. 109.437 Section 109.437 Shipping... Reports, Notifications, and Records Records § 109.437 Crane record book. The master or person in charge shall ensure that the following are maintained in a crane record book: (a) Descriptive information...

  10. 78 FR 70586 - Records Schedules; Availability and Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... working files, financial records, and Web site design records. Proposed for permanent retention are... disposal or reduce the retention period of records already authorized for disposal. NARA invites public... accumulation, agency records managers prepare schedules proposing retention periods for records and...

  11. 22 CFR 98.2 - Preservation of Convention records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Preservation of Convention records. 98.2...-CONVENTION RECORD PRESERVATION § 98.2 Preservation of Convention records. Once the Convention has entered..., Convention records for a period of not less than 75 years. For Convention records involving a child who...

  12. 36 CFR 1290.1 - Scope of assassination record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... JFK ASSASSINATION RECORDS GUIDANCE FOR INTERPRETATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY ASSASSINATION RECORDS COLLECTION ACT OF 1992 (JFK ACT) § 1290.1 Scope of assassination record. (a... limitation: (1) All records as defined in Section 3(2) of the JFK Act; (2) All records collected by...

  13. 12 CFR 749.3 - Vital records center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Vital records center. 749.3 Section 749.3 Banks....3 Vital records center. A vital records center is defined as a storage facility, which may include... records center necessary to access records....

  14. 27 CFR 25.296 - Record of beer concentrate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Record of beer concentrate..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Records and Reports § 25.296 Record of beer concentrate. (a) Daily records. A brewer who produces concentrate or reconstitutes beer shall maintain daily records...

  15. Sharing electronic health records: the patient view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Powell

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The introduction of a national electronic health record system to the National Health Service (NHS has raised concerns about issues of data accuracy, security and confidentiality. The primary aim of this project was to identify the extent to which primary care patients will allow their local electronic record data to be shared on a national database. The secondary aim was to identify the extent of inaccuracies in the existing primary care records, which will be used to populate the new national Spine. Fifty consecutive attenders to one general practitioner were given a paper printout of their full primary care electronic health record. Participants were asked to highlight information which they would not want to be shared on the national electronic database of records, and information which they considered to be incorrect. There was a 62% response rate (31/50. Five of the 31 patients (16% identified information that they would not want to be shared on the national record system. The items they identified related almost entirely to matters of pregnancy, contraception, sexual health and mental health. Ten respondents (32% identified incorrect information in their records (some of these turned out to be correct on further investigation. The findings in relation to data sharing fit with the commonly held assumption that matters related to sensitive or embarrassing issues, which may affect how the patient will be treated by other individuals or institutions, are most likely to be censored by patients. Previous work on this has tended to ask hypothetical questions concerning data sharing rather than examine a real situation. A larger study of representative samples of patients in both primary and secondary care settings is needed to further investigate issues of data sharing and consent.

  16. New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (July 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. TSIAMIS

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Collective Article ‘New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records’ of the Mediterranean Marine Science journal offers the means to publish biodiversity records in the Mediterranean Sea. The current article is divided in two parts, for records of native and alien species respectively. The new records of native species include: the neon flying squid Ommastrephes bartramii in Capri Island, Thyrrenian Sea; the bigeye thresher shark Alopias superciliosus in the Adriatic Sea; a juvenile basking shark Cetorhinus maximus caught off Piran (northern Adriatic; the deep-sea Messina rockfish Scorpaenodes arenai in the National Marine Park of Zakynthos (East Ionian Sea, Greece; and the oceanic puffer Lagocephalus lagocephalus in the Adriatic Sea.The new records of alien species include: the red algae Antithamnionella elegans and Palisada maris-rubri, found for the first time in Israel and Greece respectively; the green alga Codium parvulum reported from Turkey (Aegean Sea; the first record of the alien sea urchin Diadema setosum in Greece; the nudibranch Goniobranchus annulatus reported from South-Eastern Aegean Sea (Greece; the opisthobranch Melibe viridis found in Lebanon; the new records of the blue spotted cornetfish Fistularia commersonii in the Alicante coast (Eastern Spain; the alien fish Siganus luridus and Siganus rivulatus in Lipsi Island, Dodecanese (Greece; the first record of Stephanolepis diaspros from the Egadi Islands Marine Protected Area (western Sicily; a northward expansion of the alien pufferfish Torquigener flavimaculosus along the southeastern Aegean coasts of Turkey; and data on the occurrence of the Lessepsian immigrants Alepes djedaba, Lagocephalus sceleratus and Fistularia commersonii in Zakynthos Island (SE Ionian Sea, Greece.

  17. Adaptation, plant evolution, and the fossil record

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knoll, A. H.; Niklas, K. J.

    1987-01-01

    The importance of adaptation in determining patterns of evolution has become an important focus of debate in evolutionary biology. As it pertains to paleobotany, the issue is whether or not adaptive evolution mediated by natural selection is sufficient to explain the stratigraphic distributions of taxa and character states observed in the plant fossil record. One means of addressing this question is the functional evaluation of stratigraphic series of plant organs set in the context of paleoenvironmental change and temporal patterns of floral composition within environments. For certain organ systems, quantitative estimates of biophysical performance can be made on the basis of structures preserved in the fossil record. Performance estimates for plants separated in time or space can be compared directly. Implicit in different hypotheses of the forces that shape the evolutionary record (e.g. adaptation, mass extinction, rapid environmental change, chance) are predictions about stratigraphic and paleoenvironmental trends in the efficacy of functional performance. Existing data suggest that following the evolution of a significant structural innovation, adaptation for improved functional performance can be a major determinant of evolutionary changes in plants; however, there are structural and development limits to functional improvement, and once these are reached, the structure in question may no longer figure strongly in selection until and unless a new innovation evolves. The Silurian-Devonian paleobotanical record is consistent with the hypothesis that the succession of lowland floodplain dominants preserved in the fossil record of this interval was determined principally by the repeated evolution of new taxa that rose to ecological importance because of competitive advantages conferred by improved biophysical performance. This does not seem to be equally true for Carboniferous-Jurassic dominants of swamp and lowland floodplain environments. In these cases

  18. Records and sequences of records from random variables with a linear trend

    OpenAIRE

    Franke, Jasper; Wergen, Gregor; Krug, Joachim

    2010-01-01

    We consider records and sequences of records drawn from discrete time series of the form $X_{n}=Y_{n}+cn$, where the $Y_{n}$ are independent and identically distributed random variables and $c$ is a constant drift. For very small and very large drift velocities, we investigate the asymptotic behavior of the probability $p_n(c)$ of a record occurring in the $n$th step and the probability $P_N(c)$ that all $N$ entries are records, i.e. that $X_1 < X_2 < ... < X_N$. Our work is motivated by the ...

  19. Double-layered perpendicular magnetic recording media of granular-type FePt-MgO films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The recording performance of double-layered granular-type FePt-MgO perpendicular magnetic recording media fabricated onto glass discs by sputtering is investigated. The (0 0 1)-textured FePt granular films are obtained by annealing FePt/MgO multilayers. Three different multilayer structures are compared in their magnetic properties and recording SNR performances. To evaluate thermal stability property of these granular-type FePt disks, the time-dependent magnetic force microscope (MFM) signal from the written bits on one of these disks is recorded in the temperature range 25-200 degree sign C. The signal decay at high observation temperature is interpreted based on the temperature dependence of magnetic anisotropy (Ku)

  20. L10 FePt-based thin films for future perpendicular magnetic recording media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current magnetic recording media using perpendicular CoCrPt-Oxide granular films are reaching their physical limit (approx 750 Gbit/in2 density) due to thermal fluctuations that hinder a further reduction of grain size (<6–7 nm) needed to scale down the bit size. L10-FePt alloy is currently considered the most promising candidate for future recording media with areal densities above 1 Tbit/in2 thanks to its high magneto-crystalline anisotropy (K=6–10 MJ/m3), which enables it to be thermally stable even at grain sizes down to 3 nm. However, its huge anisotropy implies an increase of the switching field, which cannot be afforded by current available write heads. To simultaneously address the writability and thermal stability requirements, exchange coupled composite media, combining two or multiphase hard and soft materials, where the hard phase provides thermal stability and the soft phase reduces the switching field, have been recently proposed. This paper briefly reviews the fundamental aspects as well as both experimental approaches and magnetic properties of L10 FePt-based single phase films and exchange coupled systems for future perpendicular magnetic recording media. - Highlights: • Up-to-date review on the progress in the study of FePt films for magnetic recording. • Single phase L10 FePt films: fundamental properties and experimental approaches. • Basics of exchange coupled composite media. • FePt-based exchange coupled systems: magnetic properties and preparation approaches