WorldWideScience

Sample records for blow-out komplikation efter

  1. Gastric blow-out: komplikation efter fedmekirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torrens, Ayoe Sabrina; Born, Pernille Wolder; Naver, Lars

    2009-01-01

    with computed tomography and acute surgical treatment is vital as the complication can lead to gastric necrosis, pancreatitis, biliary stasis, sepsis and multi-organ failure within a very short time. Prompt contact to specialized surgeons is advocated. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov......Laparoscopic gastric bypass is the most common type of surgery for morbid obesity in Denmark. The most frequent late complications after gastric bypass are ulcer, internal hernia and stenosis. Two cases of stenosis of the bileopancreatic limb with gastric blow-out are described. Urgent diagnosis...

  2. Gastric blow-out: komplikation efter fedmekirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torrens, Ayoe Sabrina; Born, Pernille Wolder; Naver, Lars

    2009-01-01

    Laparoscopic gastric bypass is the most common type of surgery for morbid obesity in Denmark. The most frequent late complications after gastric bypass are ulcer, internal hernia and stenosis. Two cases of stenosis of the bileopancreatic limb with gastric blow-out are described. Urgent diagnosis ...... with computed tomography and acute surgical treatment is vital as the complication can lead to gastric necrosis, pancreatitis, biliary stasis, sepsis and multi-organ failure within a very short time. Prompt contact to specialized surgeons is advocated. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov...

  3. Control rod blow out protection system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dietrich, J.R.; Flinn, W.S.; Groves, M.D.

    1979-01-01

    An absorber element blow-out protection system for a nuclear reactor having a pressure vessel through which a coolant is circulated. The blow-out protection system includes devices which hydraulically couple groups of guide tubes in which the absorber elements move, the coupling devices limiting coolant lift flow rate to a level commensurate with the raising of individual absorber elements but insufficient to raise a plurality of absorber elements simultaneously

  4. Orbital Cellulitis Following Orbital Blow-out Fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byeon, Je Yeon; Choi, Hwan Jun

    2017-10-01

    Orbital cellulitis and abscess have been described in the literature as complication that usually occur secondary to infection in the maxillary, ethmoidal, and frontal sinuses. If left untreated, it can lead to blindness, cavernous sinus thrombosis, meningitis, or cerebral abscess. Orbital fractures are a common sequela of blunt orbital trauma, but are only rarely associated with orbital cellulitis. So, the authors present rare orbital cellulitis after orbital blow-out fracture. A 55-year-old Asian complains of severe orbital swelling and pain on the left side. These symptoms had started 2 days earlier and worsened within the 24 hours before hospital admission resulting in visual disturbances such as diplopia and photophobia. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan showed considerable soft tissue swelling and abscess formation on the left side. Patient was subjected to surgical drainage under general anesthesia in the operation room. In this case, the postoperative period was uneventful and the rapid improvement of symptoms was remarkable. In conclusion, the abscess of the orbit is a surgical emergency in patients whose impairment of vision or ocular symptoms cannot be controlled with medical therapy using antibiotics. In our case, orbital cellulitis can occur after blunt orbital trauma without predisposing sinusitis. Early and prompt diagnosis and surgical drainage before severe loss of visual acuity rescue or recover the vision in case of orbital cellulitis.

  5. Simple Repair of a Blow-Out Fracture by the Modified Caldwell-Luc Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Min Woo; Kim, Soung Min; Amponsah, Emmanuel Kofi; Lee, Suk Keun

    2015-06-01

    Here we report a patient with a blow-out fracture of the orbital floor that was treated by an intraoral transmaxillary approach. This 38-year-old man suffered a sudden blow to the periorbital area, which caused prolapse of the orbital contents into the maxillary sinus. The modified Caldwell-Luc approach was used to repair the orbital blow-out fracture and the maxillary sinus during was packed with Frazin gauze for 7 days to prevent recurrence of the prolapse. This was an easy and minimally invasive technique for the management of a blow-out fracture of the orbital floor.

  6. Change of the orbital volume ratio in pure blow-out fractures depending on fracture location.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Sang Ah; Aum, Jae Ho; Kang, Dong Hee; Gu, Ja Hea

    2013-07-01

    The purposes of this study were to observe bony orbital volume (OV) changes in pure blow-out fractures according to fracture location using a facial computed tomographic scan and to investigate whether the OV measurements can be used as a quantitative value for the evaluation of the surgical results of the acute blow-out fracture.Forty-five patients with unilateral pure blow-out fracture were divided into 3 groups: inferior (group I), inferior medial (group IM), and medial (group M) orbital wall fracture. The OV and the orbital volume ratio (OVR) were prospectively measured before and 6 months after surgery with the use of 3-dimensional computed tomographic scans, and the Hertel scale was measured with a Hertel exothalmometer.The preoperative OVR increased to the greatest extent in group IM, and the mean preoperative OVR was 121.46. The mean preoperative OVR in group I was significantly higher than that of group M (P = 0.005). The OV and OVR revealed a statistically significant decrease after the surgery (P = 0.000). The Hertel scale improved from -1.04 mm before the surgery to -0.78 mm after the surgery, but no significant difference was observed (P = 0.051).The OVR was useful as a quantitative value to evaluate pure blow-out fractures, compared with that of the Hertel scale. Fracture location-associated OVR studies are needed to make volume guidelines of blow-out fracture surgery.

  7. Blow-out of nonpremixed turbulent jet flames at sub-atmospheric pressures

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Qiang

    2016-12-09

    Blow-out limits of nonpremixed turbulent jet flames in quiescent air at sub-atmospheric pressures (50–100 kPa) were studied experimentally using propane fuel with nozzle diameters ranging 0.8–4 mm. Results showed that the fuel jet velocity at blow-out limit increased with increasing ambient pressure and nozzle diameter. A Damköhler (Da) number based model was adopted, defined as the ratio of characteristic mixing time and characteristic reaction time, to include the effect of pressure considering the variations in laminar burning velocity and thermal diffusivity with pressure. The critical lift-off height at blow-out, representing a characteristic length scale for mixing, had a linear relationship with the theoretically predicted stoichiometric location along the jet axis, which had a weak dependence on ambient pressure. The characteristic mixing time (critical lift-off height divided by jet velocity) adjusted to the characteristic reaction time such that the critical Damköhler at blow-out conditions maintained a constant value when varying the ambient pressure.

  8. Efter strejkerne -

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stamhus, Jørgen; Scheuer, Steen; Christensen, Susanne

    Kan strejker betale sig? Dette klassiske spørgsmål blev rejst fra flere sider efter arbejdskonflikterne i forbindelse med overenskomstfornyelserne i den offentlige sektor foråret 2008. Spørgsmålet blev i pressen overvejende besvaret i generelle vendinger, med et bastant nej, og uden en nærmere vu...

  9. The use of pulsed high-speed liquid jet for putting out gas blow-out

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Semko

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The experimental analysis of putting out a gas blow-out with the help of pulse liquid flow with high velocity, which generates by powder pulse water-cannon are carried out. The flow velocity resides in range from 300 to 600 m/s in experiments depends on charge energy. Velocity of the flow head right near the gas flame determined with the help of laser contactless measuring instrument of velocity. Photography of flow was carried out. According to the preliminary test results the hydrodynamic parameters of powder pulse water-cannon for obtaining liquid flow with depend velocity are calculated. It is shown, that around the liquid flow of high velocity in air produced fine water spray with high velocity in large cross section area that effective knock down the gas blow-out at the distance 5-20 m from installation.

  10. Clinical characteristics and treatment of blow-out fracture accompanied by canalicular laceration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hwa; Ahn, Jaemoon; Lee, Tae Eun; Lee, Jong Mi; Shin, Hyungho; Chi, Mijung; Park, Minsoo; Baek, Sehyun

    2012-09-01

    Blow-out fracture and canalicular laceration can occur simultaneously as a result of the same trauma. Despite its importance, little research has been conducted to identify clinical characteristics or surgical techniques for repair of a blow-out fracture accompanied by canalicular laceration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, the surgical approach, and the outcomes. Thirty-four eyes of 34 patients who underwent simultaneous repair of canalicular laceration using silicone tube intubation and reconstruction of blow-out fracture were included. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for patient demographics, nature of injury, affected canaliculus, location, and severity of blow-out fracture, associated facial bone fracture, ophthalmic diagnosis, length of follow-up period, and surgical outcome. Mean patient age was 40.0 years (range, 17-71 y). The mean follow-up was 7.3 months. Fist to the orbital area (10 patients, 29.4%) was the most common cause. There were 24 lower canalicular lacerations (70.6%), 6 upper canalicular lacerations (17.6%), and 4 upper and lower canalicular lacerations (11.8%). Isolated medial wall fractures were most common (area A4: 20/34, 58.8%). Fractures involving both the floor and medial wall and maxillo-ethmoidal strut (areas A1, A2, A3, and A4) were the second most common (6/34, 17.6%), and floor and medial wall with intact strut (areas A1, A2, and A4) were injured in 6 patients (17.6%). Pure inferior wall fractures were least frequent (areas A1 and A2: 2/34, 5.9%). The severity of the fracture was severe in most patients except for 1 linear fracture with tissue entrapment and 1 moderate medial wall fracture (32/34, 94.1%). There was lid laceration in 20 patients (58.8%). Nasal bone fracture (5/34, 14.7%) was the most common facial bone fracture. Tubes were removed at a mean of 3.3 months (range, 3-4 mo). In total, 31 patients (91.2%) achieved complete success in canalicular laceration and blow-out

  11. Orbital blow out fracture : to operate or not to operate - that is the question

    OpenAIRE

    Alinasab, Babak

    2017-01-01

    When the eye socket is exposed to severe blunt trauma the pressure in the socket increases. As a protection mechanism to prevent the eye from disruption, the thin bony walls surrounding the eye fracture. Such a fracture is called Blow Out Fracture (BOF). It is well known that a significant BOF needs surgical treatment otherwise it may lead to double vision and aesthetic deformities such as sunken eye. Furthermore, small BOF are not considered to need any surgical treatment and ...

  12. Diplopia and ocular motility in orbital blow-out fractures: 10-year retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alhamdani, Faaiz; Durham, Justin; Greenwood, Mark; Corbett, Ian

    2015-09-01

    To investigate diplopia (binocular single vision [BSV] test) and ocular motility (uniocular field of fixation [UFOF] test) characteristics in blow-out fractures of the orbit and their value in fracture management. Patients with isolated blow-out fractures treated from 2000 to 2010 were included. BSV scores were stratified into three categories: low BSV category (0-60); moderate BSV category (61-80), and high BSV category (81-100). UFOF scores were also divided into three categories: low score (60-240), moderate score (241-270), and high score (271-365) categories. A total of 183 patients (106 surgically and 77 conservatively managed) met the inclusion criteria. There was no significant improvement in BSV postoperatively in surgically managed patients with preoperatively high BSV, whereas there was significant improvement (p blow-out fracture cases with BSV score >80% for correction of diplopia alone. Copyright © 2015 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Role of Negative Orbit Vector in Orbital Blow-Out Fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Soo Youn; Lee, Hwa; Baek, Sehyun

    2017-11-01

    Negative orbit vector is defined as the most anterior globe portion protrudes past the malar eminence. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between negative orbit vector and blow-out fracture location analyzing the distance between the anterior corneal surface and orbital bone with facial soft tissue in medial and orbital floor blow out fractures using orbital computed tomography (CT). Seventy-seven patients diagnosed with blow-out fractures involving the medial or orbital floor were included. Distances from the anterior cornea to lower lid fat, inferior orbital wall, inferior orbital rim, and anterior cheek mass were measured using orbital CT scans. The proportion of negative orbit vector and measured distanced were compared between medial wall fracture and orbital floor fracture. Medical records including age, sex, concomitant ophthalmic diagnosis, and nature of injury were retrospectively reviewed. Forty-three eyes from 43 patients diagnosed with medial wall fracture and 34 eyes from 34 patients diagnosed with orbital floor fracture were included. There was no significant difference in the distance from the anterior cornea to lower lid fat (P = 0.574), inferior orbital wall (P = 0.494), or orbital rim (P = 0.685). The distance from anterior cornea to anterior cheek mass was significantly different in medial wall fracture (-0.19 ± 3.49 mm) compared with orbital floor fracture (-1.69 ± 3.70 mm), P = 0.05. Negative orbit vector was significantly higher in orbital floor fracture patients (24 among 34 patients, 70.6%) compared with those with medial wall fractures (19 among 43 patients, 44.2%) (P = 0.04). Patients presenting with a negative orbit vector relationship when the most anterior portion of globe protruded past the anterior cheek mass and malar eminence were more likely to develop orbital floor fracture than medial wall fracture.

  14. Efter Solingen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peters, Rikke Alberg

    2013-01-01

    Den 29. maj 1993 blev Tyskland rystet af en brutal mordbrand, der i den grad kom til at præge den offentlige debat om demokratiets vilkår efter murens fald. Stedet hvor attentatet foregik, var Solingen, en by med godt 160.000 indbyggere i den vestlige del af Tyskland. I brandattentatet omkom fem...... tyrkiske familiemedlemmer og yderligere 14 blev hårdt såret i hvad der må betegnes som det mest brutale racistisk motiverede overfald i Tyskland siden anden verdenskrig. De omkomne var alle kvinder og børn. Gerningsmændene, i alt fire unge mænd i alderen 16-23 år, der tilhørte en nynazistisk gruppe, blev...

  15. The predictive factors of diplopia and extraocular movement limitations in isolated pure blow-out fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasaee, Abolfazl; Mirmohammadsadeghi, Arash; Kazemnezhad, Fatemeh; Eshraghi, Bahram; Akbari, Mohammad Reza

    2017-03-01

    To evaluate the predictive factors for development of diplopia and extraocular muscle movement (EOM) limitations in the patients with isolated pure blow-out fracture. One hundred thirty-two patients with isolated pure blow-out fracture were included. The diagnosis was done with computed tomography scan. Possible predictive factors were analyzed with logistic regression. The cases that underwent surgery were assigned in the surgical group, and other cases were assigned in the non-surgical group. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used in the surgical group to evaluate the power of time interval from trauma to the surgery to predict persistence of 6 months postoperative diplopia and EOM limitation. At the first visit, 45 of 60 cases (75%) in the surgical group and 15 of 72 cases (20.8%) in the nonsurgical group had diplopia. After 6 months follow-up, 7 cases (11.7%) in the surgical group and 1 case (1.4%) in the nonsurgical group had persistent diplopia. Type of fracture was significantly associated with first visit diplopia (P = 0.01) and EOM limitations (P = 0.06). In the surgical group, type of fracture (P = 0.02 for both) and time interval from trauma to the surgery (P = 0.006 and 0.004, respectively) were significantly associated with 1 month diplopia and EOM limitations. Only time interval from trauma to the surgery (P = 0.04) was significantly associated with 3 months EOM limitation. In the ROC curve analysis, if the surgery was done before 4.5 (sensitivity = 87.5% and specificity = 61.3%) and 7.5 (sensitivity = 87.5% and specificity = 66.9%) days, risk of 6 months postoperative diplopia and EOM limitation was reduced, respectively. In the early postoperative period, a higher rate of diplopia was observed in the patients with combined inferior and medial wall fractures and longer time intervals from trauma to the surgery. The best time for blow-out fracture surgery was within 4.5 days after the trauma.

  16. Longitudinal phase space characterization of the blow-out regime of rf photoinjector operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. T. Moody

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Using an experimental scheme based on a vertically deflecting rf deflector and a horizontally dispersing dipole, we characterize the longitudinal phase space of the beam in the blow-out regime at the UCLA Pegasus rf photoinjector. Because of the achievement of unprecedented resolution both in time (50 fs and energy (1.0 keV, we are able to demonstrate some important properties of the beams created in this regime such as extremely low longitudinal emittance, large temporal energy chirp, and the degrading effects of the cathode image charge in the longitudinal phase space which eventually leads to poorer beam quality. All of these results have been found in good agreement with simulations.

  17. Antiadhesive effect of mixed solution of sodium hyaluronate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose after blow-out fracture repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jong Mi; Baek, Sehyun

    2012-11-01

    Treatment of blow-out fractures is aimed at the prevention of permanent diplopia and cosmetically unacceptable enophthalmos. Porous polyethylene sheets are one of the most common alloplastic implants for blow-out fracture repair. Because adhesion between the porous polyethylene and the orbital soft tissue can result in restrictions of ocular motility, prevention of postoperative adhesion is important in the reconstruction of blow-out fractures. The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of the mixed solution of sodium hyaluronate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose (HACMC) on postoperative adhesion in blow-out fracture repair in an animal model.Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits were used. An 8-mm defect was made in the maxillary sinuses including the bone and mucosa. A 10-mm porous polyethylene sheet (Medpor; Porex Surgical Inc., Newnan, GA) was inserted in to the defect. The rabbits were divided into a control group and a HACMC group. In the HACMC group, HACMC solution was instilled onto the surface of the implant and then the implant was inserted. The implants were harvested at 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after surgery (3 implants each period). Hematoxylin and eosin, Masson trichrome, and CD31 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1) stains were performed for evaluation of inflammation, fibrosis, and vascularization.Inflammation appeared less severe in the HACMC group, but the difference between the 2 groups was not statistically significant. The degree of fibrosis was more severe in the control group. There were significant differences in the degree of fibrosis between the 2 groups 4 and 8 weeks after surgery (P = 0.046). The amount of vascularization was similar in both groups.The HACMC solution seemed to be effective for reducing postoperative adhesion in reconstruction of blow-out fractures in a rabbit model. Our results suggest that the application of HACMC solution could be an effective adjunct for the repair of trap-door fractures or revision

  18. Outcomes of Orbital Blow-Out Fracture Repair Performed Beyond 6 Weeks After Injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scawn, Richard L; Lim, Lee Hooi; Whipple, Katherine M; Dolmetsch, Angela; Priel, Ayelet; Korn, Bobby; Kikkawa, Don O

    2016-01-01

    Blow-out fractures cause expansion of the bony orbital walls and prolapse of orbital contents in the sinuses. This can result in diplopia, enophthalmos, and hypoglobus. Early surgical repair has been previously recommended, however, recent reports show that delayed surgery can also be effective. In this study, the clinical and functional outcome of patients with delayed presentation and blow-out fracture repair beyond 6 weeks after injury are described. This is a noncomparative retrospective study. Medical records of adult patients with late orbital floor fracture repair performed by 4 surgeons from April 2008 to January 2014 at 3 tertiary referral centers were reviewed. All repairs were performed more than 6 weeks from the time of injury. Patients with prior orbital fracture repair surgery were excluded. Twenty patients were included in the study. The duration from time of injury to surgery ranged from 7 weeks to 21 years with a mean of 19 months. Follow up ranged from 6 weeks to 56 months (mean 8 months). Mean age was 48 years (range, 25-80). Male to female ratio was 11:9. Surgery was performed on 10 right eyes and 10 left eyes. CT imaging demonstrated 10 patients had isolated floor fractures, while the remaining 10 patients had combined floor and medial wall fractures. Four patients also had associated facial fractures that did not require surgery. Indications for surgery included enophthalmos of 2 mm or more (18 of 20) and/or significant diplopia within 30° of primary gaze (6 of 20). Mean pre- and postoperative enophthalmos was 2.4 ± 0.9 mm and 0.3 ± 0.2 mm, respectively, corresponding to a mean reduction in enophthalmos of 2.1 ± 1.2 mm (range, 1-5 mm). Four of 7 patients with hypoglobus ranging from 1.5 mm to 8 mm preoperatively had complete resolution postoperatively, the remaining 3 patients showed reduced hypoglobus. Of the 12 patients that had diplopia preoperatively in any position of gaze, 6 patients had complete resolution

  19. Blow-Out Velocities of Solutions of Hydrocarbons and Boron Hydride - Hydrocarbon Reaction Products in a 1 7/8-Inch-Diameter Combustor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, James F.; Lord, Albert M.

    1957-01-01

    Blow-out velocities were determined for JP-4 solutions containing: (1) 10 % ethylene - decaborane reaction product, (2) 10% and 20% acetylene - diborane reaction product, and (3) 5.5%, 15.7%, and 30.7% methylacetylene - diborane reaction product. These were compared with blow-out velocities for JP-4, propylene oxide, and neohexane and previously reported data for JP-4 solutions of pentaborane. For those reaction products investigated, the blow-out velocities at a fixed equivalence ratio were higher for those materials containing higher boron concentrations; that is, blow-out velocity increased in the following order: (1) methylacetylene - diborane, (2) acetylene - diborane, and (3) ethylene - decaborane reaction products.

  20. Blow-out limits of nonpremixed turbulent jet flames in a cross flow at atmospheric and sub-atmospheric pressures

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Qiang

    2015-07-22

    The blow-out limits of nonpremixed turbulent jet flames in cross flows were studied, especially concerning the effect of ambient pressure, by conducting experiments at atmospheric and sub-atmospheric pressures. The combined effects of air flow and pressure were investigated by a series of experiments conducted in an especially built wind tunnel in Lhasa, a city on the Tibetan plateau where the altitude is 3650 m and the atmospheric pressure condition is naturally low (64 kPa). These results were compared with results obtained from a wind tunnel at standard atmospheric pressure (100 kPa) in Hefei city (altitude 50 m). The size of the fuel nozzles used in the experiments ranged from 3 to 8 mm in diameter and propane was used as the fuel. It was found that the blow-out limit of the air speed of the cross flow first increased (“cross flow dominant” regime) and then decreased (“fuel jet dominant” regime) as the fuel jet velocity increased in both pressures; however, the blow-out limit of the air speed of the cross flow was much lower at sub-atmospheric pressure than that at standard atmospheric pressure whereas the domain of the blow-out limit curve (in a plot of the air speed of the cross flow versus the fuel jet velocity) shrank as the pressure decreased. A theoretical model was developed to characterize the blow-out limit of nonpremixed jet flames in a cross flow based on a Damköhler number, defined as the ratio between the mixing time and the characteristic reaction time. A satisfactory correlation was obtained at relative strong cross flow conditions (“cross flow dominant” regime) that included the effects of the air speed of the cross flow, fuel jet velocity, nozzle diameter and pressure.

  1. Dynamic study of ocular movement with MR imaging in orbital blow-out fracture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aibara, Ryuichi; Kawakita, Seiji; Matsumoto, Yasushi; Sadamoto, Masanori; Yumoto, Eiji.

    1996-01-01

    Operative indications for orbital blow-out fracture (OBF) remain controversial. One of the major sources of this controversy is that an accurate diagnosis of ocular movement disturbances can not be made by conventional procedures such as the Hess screen test, traction test, or CT scan. Disturbances in ocular movement resulting from OBF can occur not only with entrapment of the extraocular muscle but also with intraorbital bleeding, edema, and/or a variety of other unclear factors. To obtain a more accurate diagnosis and to assist in the choice of treatment, ocular movement was examined using orbital 'cine mode' MR imaging. MR images were obtained in multiple phases of vertical and horizontal ocular movements by using the 'fast SE' capabilities of the SIERRA, GE-YMS MR scanner (1.5 Tesla, superconductive). The fixed eye method was applied to two normal volunteers and to patients with 'pure' OBF. Five marks for binocular fixation were affixed to the inner wall of the gantry: one at the primary position and four at secondary positions. While keeping the subject's eye focused on each of these marks for about 30 sec, MR images (head coil) of the axial view and bilateral oblique sagittal view along the optic nerve were carried out. In the normal volunteers, a good demonstration of smooth movement of the eye ball, extraocular muscles, and the optic nerve could be obtained. In the OBF patients, it was clearly observed that the disturbance in ocular movement was caused by poor extension of the external ocular muscles, specifically the inferior rectus muscle in the orbital floor fracture, and the internal rectus muscle in the medial wall fracture. These observations suggested that dynamic orbital imaging with MR would be extremely valuable in the assessment of disturbances of ocular movement in OBF. (author)

  2. A novel integrated approach for path following and directional stability control of road vehicles after a tire blow-out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Fei; Chen, Hong; Guo, Konghui; Cao, Dongpu

    2017-09-01

    The path following and directional stability are two crucial problems when a road vehicle experiences a tire blow-out or sudden tire failure. Considering the requirement of rapid road vehicle motion control during a tire blow-out, this article proposes a novel linearized decoupling control procedure with three design steps for a class of second order multi-input-multi-output non-affine system. The evaluating indicators for controller performance are presented and a performance related control parameter distribution map is obtained based on the stochastic algorithm which is an innovation for non-blind parameter adjustment in engineering implementation. The analysis on the robustness of the proposed integrated controller is also performed. The simulation studies for a range of driving conditions are conducted, to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed controller.

  3. Indications for repositioning of blow-out fractures of the orbital floor based on new objective criteria - tissue protrusion volumometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovar, Daniel; Voldrich, Zdenek; Voska, Pavel; Lestak, Jan; Astl, Jaromir

    2017-12-01

    The otolaryngologist often meets with fractures of the orbital floor. The most serious complication is diplopia, arising as a result of herniation of the orbital contents, with or without fixation of the inferior rectus muscle. The aim of our work was to create a mathematical model to calculate the volume of prolapsed soft tissue of the orbit in blow-out fractures, as a factor in deciding on the need for surgical treatment. In a retrospective study (2007-2013), we evaluated 80 patients with blow-out fractures, divided into two equal groups: 40 conservatively treated and 40 surgically treated patients. We created the model by measuring the fracture lines and herniation of the orbital soft tissues in the coronal and sagittal sections from CT images, equivalent to half the volume of a rotating ellipsoid. According to the proposed model, posterior and anterior fractures with a prolapse volume above 500 mm 3 , and anteroposterior fractures with a volume over 1400 mm 3 , are indicated for surgery. The volume of prolapsed soft tissue relative to the location of the fracture is the main indicator for selecting the best treatment procedure immediately after injury.

  4. Experimental investigation on ignition and lean blow-out performance of a multi-sector centrally staged combustor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Fuqiang; Zhang, Kaiyu; Mu, Yong; Liu, Cunxi; Yang, Jinhu; Xu, Gang; Zhu, Junqiang

    2014-10-01

    Improvement on extinction and pollution emission have become one of the most prominent research topics in gas turbine. It is widely recognized that the fuel/air mixture distribution in the recirculation zone is a critical factor in improving lean blow-out (LBO) and ignition. This paper proposed a new low emission scheme with fuel staged centrally and hybrid injector to improve flameout and emission. A relative small amount of fuel enters into central pilot airblast atomizer burner and then atomized by inner swirl air. The remaining majority of fuel is directly injected into vane channels of the primary swirler through a series of holes located on the sidewall of the main stage. Only pilot stage is fueled under ignition and lean flameout condition. The uniformity of fuel/air mixture distribution in the primary zone of the new design decreases NOX emission, meanwhile the fuel air mixture in pilot recirculation zone is locally rich to improve flameout and ignition. Experimental investigation was conducted to compare the new scheme with baseline design of dual-swirler in terms of LBO and ignition characteristics under the same condition in a multi-sector combustor. It is found that the fuel-air ratio of ignition limit and LBO decrease with the reference velocity increasing. The experimental results also show that the new scheme successfully improve lean blow-out and broaden the operation range of the combustor. The experimental results indicated that the centrally staged scheme can widen the operation boundary of the combustor and can provide guidance for design and optimization of combustion chamber.

  5. Considerations for the Estimation of the Risk of Environmental Contamination Due to Blow Out in Offshore Exploratory Drilling Projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hurtado, A.; Eguilior, S.; Recreo, F.

    2015-01-01

    From the consideration of a contemporary society based on the need of a high-level complex technology with a high intrinsic level of uncertainty and its relationship with risk assessment, this analysis, conducted in late 2014, was developed from that that led the Secretary of State for the Environment to the Resolution of 29 May 2014, by which the Environmental Impact Statement of the Exploratory Drilling Project in the hydrocarbons research permits called ''Canarias 1-9// was set out and published in the Spanish Official State Gazette number 196 on 13rd August 2014. The aim of the present study is to analyze the suitability with which the worst case associated probability is identified and defined and its relation to the total risk estimate from a blow out. Its interest stems from the fact that all risk management methodologically rests on two pillars, i.e., on a sound risk analysis and evaluation. This determines the selection of management tools in relation to its level of complexity, the project phase and its potential impacts on the health, safety and environmental contamination dimensions.

  6. A peculiar blow-out fracture of the inferior orbital wall complicated by extensive subcutaneous emphysema: A case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rzymska-Grala, Iwona; Palczewski, Piotr; Błaż, Marcin; Zmorzyński, Michał; Gołębiowski, Marek; Wanyura, Hubert

    2012-04-01

    Blow-out fracture of the orbit is a common injury. However, not many cases are associated with massive subcutaneous emphysema. Even fewer cases are caused by minor trauma or are associated with barotrauma to the orbit due to sneezing, coughing, or vomiting. The authors present a case of blow-out fracture complicated by extensive subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema that occurred without any obvious traumatic event. A 43-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department with a painful right-sided exophthalmos that he had noticed in the morning immediately after waking up. The patient also complained of diplopia. Physical examination revealed exophthalmos and crepitations suggestive of subcutaneous emphysema. The eye movements, especially upward gaze, were impaired. CT showed blow-out fracture of the inferior orbital wall with a herniation of the orbital soft tissues into the maxillary sinus. There was an extensive subcutaneous emphysema in the head and neck going down to the mediastinum. The patient did not remember any significant trauma to the head that could explain the above mentioned findings. At surgery, an inferior orbital wall fracture with a bony defect of 3×2 centimeter was found and repaired. Blow-out fractures of the orbit are usually a result of a direct trauma caused by an object with a diameter exceeding the bony margins of the orbit. In 50% of cases, they are complicated by orbital emphysema and in 4% of cases by herniation of orbital soft tissues into paranasal sinuses. The occurrence of orbital emphysema without trauma is unusual. In some cases it seems to be related to barotrauma due to a rapid increase in pressure in the upper airways during sneezing, coughing, or vomiting, which very rarely leads to orbital wall fracture. Computed tomography is the most accurate method in detecting and assessing the extent of orbital wall fractures.

  7. Reconstruction of orbital floor blow-out fractures with autogenous iliac crest bone: a retrospective study including maxillofacial and ophthalmology perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, John Edward; Hartnett, Claire; Hickey-Dwyer, Marie; Kearns, Gerard J

    2015-03-01

    This is a 10-year retrospective study of patients with an isolated unilateral orbital floor fracture reconstructed with an autogenous iliac crest bone graft. The following inclusion criteria applied: isolated orbital floor fracture without involvement of the orbital rim or other craniofacial injuries, pre-/post-operative ophthalmological/orthoptic follow-up, pre-operative CT. Variables recorded were patient age and gender, aetiology of injury, time to surgery, follow-up period, surgical morbidity, diplopia pre- and post-operatively (Hess test), eyelid position, visual acuity, and the presence of en-/or exophthalmos (Hertel exophthalmometer). Twenty patients met the inclusion criteria. The mean age was 29 years. The mean follow up period was 26 months. No patient experienced significant donor site morbidity. There were no episodes of post-operative infection or graft extrusion. Three patients had diplopia in extremes of vision post-operatively, but no interference with activities of daily living. One patient had post-operative enophthalmos. Isolated orbital blow-out fractures may be safely and predictably reconstructed using autogenous iliac crest bone. The rate of complications in the group of patients studied was low. The value of pre- and post-operative ophthalmology consultation cannot be underestimated, and should be considered the standard of care in all patients with orbitozygomatic fractures, in particular those with blow-out fractures. Copyright © 2014 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Considerations for the Estimation of the Risk of Environmental Contamination Due to Blow Out in Offshore Exploratory Drilling Projects; Consideraciones a la Estimación del Riesgo de Contaminación Ambiental por Blow Out en Proyectos de Perforación de Sondeos Exploratorios Offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hurtado, A.; Eguilior, S.; Recreo, F.

    2015-07-01

    From the consideration of a contemporary society based on the need of a high-level complex technology with a high intrinsic level of uncertainty and its relationship with risk assessment, this analysis, conducted in late 2014, was developed from that that led the Secretary of State for the Environment to the Resolution of 29 May 2014, by which the Environmental Impact Statement of the Exploratory Drilling Project in the hydrocarbons research permits called ''Canarias 1-9// was set out and published in the Spanish Official State Gazette number 196 on 13rd August 2014. The aim of the present study is to analyze the suitability with which the worst case associated probability is identified and defined and its relation to the total risk estimate from a blow out. Its interest stems from the fact that all risk management methodologically rests on two pillars, i.e., on a sound risk analysis and evaluation. This determines the selection of management tools in relation to its level of complexity, the project phase and its potential impacts on the health, safety and environmental contamination dimensions.

  9. Udvikling af antistoffer efter vaccination mod og podning med PRRSV

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne Kristensen, Charlotte; Qvist Pawlowski, Mia; Thoning, Henrik

    vaccination og blodprøver på dag -1, 1, 2, 5, 6, 14, 21, 35, 42, 49 og 62 efter vaccination. NON-VAC fik kun taget blodprøver på dag -1 og 62 efter vaccination. 62 dage efter vaccination blev alle grise blandet og inddelt i 3 nye grupper, som var separat opstaldet i 6 forsøgsstalde. I hver forsøgsstald blev...

  10. Nato efter Trump: Posen skal rystes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rynning, Sten; Ringsmose, Jens

    2017-01-01

    Efter valget af Donald Trump bør Danmark komme ind i kampen og involvere sig i Det Europæiske Forsvarsagentur EDA og søge dybere bilateral kontakt til Tyskland og Frankrig, som kommer til at være bannerførere på forsvarsområdet. Det skriver Sten Rynning og Jens Ringsmose i denne analyse....

  11. 4 år efter grundskolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Dines

    begynde at kaste nyt lys over hvorfor-spørgsmålene. Denne rapport beskæftiger sig med unge 4 år efter grundskolen. Hvor langt er de kommet i deres uddannelsesforløb? Og hvordan kan vi forklare deres placering på dette tidspunkt? Nogle er tilsyneladende ingen veje kommet. De tilhører den uddannelsesmæssige...

  12. Control rod blow out protection system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dietrich, J.R.; Flinn, W.S.; Groves, M.D.

    1976-01-01

    A control system is described which is comprised of a plurality of low worth absorber elements with individual hydraulic actuator assemblies, positioned within the reactor vessel. Axial distortions and safety hazards are minimized by this arrangement. (E.C.B.)

  13. Soldater - før og efter udsendelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie; Heidemann, Julie; Glad, Ane

    Denne rapport er femte del af projektet ”Danske hjemvendte soldater”. Hovedprojektets overordnede formål er at undersøge, hvilke konsekvenser udsendelse har for de danske soldater, der sendes ud til internationale militære missioner. I denne rapport undersøger vi før og efter udsendelse soldatern...

  14. MR imaging of orbital blow-out fractures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, Tsutomu; Sawada, Satoshi; Shikaura, Sachiko; Uda, Mitsunobu; Kawa, Soukichi; Tanaka, Yoshimasa; Miki, Hirohiko; Yamanouchi, Yasuo; Inagaki, Ryusuke

    1988-02-01

    We investigated the method of visualization in the MRI of 5 cases of orbital floor fracture. With a spin-echo image with a short TR and TE, the fatty component and the muscle component could be identified easily. In a routine case of orbital floor fracture, a good demonstration could be obtained with an oblique sagittal view along with the optic nerve. However, in some cases, coronal views were also necessary.

  15. MT Lajpatrai blow-out studies at Bombay harbour

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Fondekar, S.P.

    The area around the tanker MT Lajpatrai was monitored for oil pollution studies. Measurements were carried out on the concentration of petroleum hydrocarbons in water and sediment samples along with visual observations on oil slicks...

  16. Betydelsen av historisk rättvisa efter kolonialismen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Göran Collste

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Artikeln tar sin utgångspunkt i två aktuella exempel på krav på historisk rättvisa efter kolonialismen: forna Mau-Mau-kämpars krav på gottgörelse för britternas övergrepp på 1950-talet och hererofolkets krav till Tyskland på gottgörelse för det folkmord som ägde rum 1904–1907. Dessa exempel aktualiserar frågan om historisk rättvisa. Vad innebär historisk rättvisa? Vilka krav på historisk rättvisa är berättigade att ställa? Hur lång tid efter övergrepp och våld finns det skäl att kräva gottgörelse? Kan kraven ärvas till efterkommande generationer? Vem bör gottgöra dem som drabbats? Dessa frågor måste besvaras för att man skall kunna ta ställning till krav på gottgörelse och rättvisa. Syftet med denna artikel är att identifiera och söka besvara en rad frågor som krav på gottgörande rättvisa efter kolonialismen ställer. Avslutningsvis diskuteras kraven från Mau-Mau-kämparna som var internerade i brittiska läger och hererofolkets krav på kompensation från Tyskland.Nyckelord: Gottgörande rättvisa, kompensation, kolonialism, herero, Mau-Mau, global rättvisa, historisk rättvisaEnglish summary: The Meaning of Historical Justice after ColonialismRecently, four Kikuyus and former Kenyan Mau-Mau fighters claimed compensation for castration, torture and rape committed in the British detention camps in the 1950s. Also recently, representatives of the Herero people went to Berlin to bring home skulls that Germans brought to Berlin after the genocide at the beginning of the Twentieth Century. The detentions and abuses of Kikuyu and the genocide of the Herero people are just two examples of offenses carried out by European nations during colonialism. Do these offenses have any reverberations today? Should we simply forget about the deeds that happened such a long time ago or do they raise any legal or moral questions?The concept of justice has two dimensions, distributional and rectificatory. This

  17. Yummy Mummy – et forskningsprojekt om konstruktioner af kropsidentitet efter en fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prinds, Christina Lange; Folmann, Birgitte; Nikolajsen, Helene

    2015-01-01

    “... those extra pounds make you sexyyou don't have to look like Beyonce, test me”. Sådan lød en tekstbid fra Phlake i P3’s “ugens uundgåelige” i uge 39 denne sensommer. Phlake hylder, med et solidt R&B beat, i hittet “Pregnant” hans kærestes gravide krop OG den særprægede længsel efter Oreos og...

  18. Index viktat efter omsättning : Presterar ett index viktat efter omsättning bättre än ett index viktat efter börsvärde?

    OpenAIRE

    Walljaeger, Christoffer; Uhrdin, Susanna

    2005-01-01

    Om den effektiva marknadshypotesen inte gäller skulle varje aktie handlas över eller under aktiens verkliga värde. Om så är fallet skulle alla index som är viktade efter börsvärde automatiskt överexponeras när en aktie handlas över dess verkliga värde och underexponera när en aktie handlas under dess verkliga värde. Det här betyder att kapitalviktade index är fundamentalt och strukturellt bristfälliga och kommer kontinuerligt övervikta alla aktier som handlas över verkligt värde och undervikt...

  19. Forældres oplevelse af genindlæggelse af deres nyfødte barn efter ambulant fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feenstra, Maria Monberg; Nilsson, Ingrid; Danbjørg, Dorthe Boe

    . telefon i døgnets 24 timer. Derudover kommer familien til ambulant opfølgning på sygehuset 48-72 timer efter fødslen. Til trods for den tætte kontakt til sundhedspersonalet, oplever stadig flere familier at blive genindlagt kort tid efter udskrivelsen grundet komplikationer vedrørende deres nyfødte barns...... fødslen og hvis nyfødte barn blev genindlagt på grund af manglende trivsel, blev inviteret til at deltage i undersøgelsen. Forældre, der ikke talte dansk, norsk eller svensk blev ekskluderet. Familierne blev interviewet via telefon efter de havde haft 1. sundhedsplejerskebesøg efter genindlæggelsen. Mødre...

  20. Efter revolutionen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berntson, Lennart; Nordin, Svante

    , debattböcker och kultursidor. Så har gjorts i denna bok. Genom att referera vad som tänkts och tycks om och av vänstern, men även kommentera och dra slutsatser av materialet, söker sig Berntson och Nordin framåt från revolutionsåret till millennieskiftet. Sara Lidman, Jan Myrdal, Sven Delblanc, Arne Ruth, Per...

  1. Efter mindfulness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stjernholm, Ole; Ehrensvärd, Martin Gustaf

    Tematiserer nogle af de udfordringer, der møder dig, som regelmæssigt praktiserer mindfulness og kommer med bud på, hvad bevidsthedens vaner og mønstre betyder for dybden af stilhed - og hvordan man kan arbejde med den viden.......Tematiserer nogle af de udfordringer, der møder dig, som regelmæssigt praktiserer mindfulness og kommer med bud på, hvad bevidsthedens vaner og mønstre betyder for dybden af stilhed - og hvordan man kan arbejde med den viden....

  2. Anafylaksi efter bi- eller hvepsestik i Region Syddanmark i perioden 2008-2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oropeza, Athamaica Ruiz; Mikkelsen, Søren; Bindslev-Jensen, Carsten

    intramuskulær adrenalin (64 % ifølge Sampson’s skala og 76 % ifølge Muraro’s). Af de 38 patienter der blev set i Odense fik 66 % intravenøs (IV) binyrebarkhormon, 63 % IV antihistamin og 5 % IV adrenalin (blandt dem med moderat til svær anafylaksi fik op til 77 % IV binyrebarkhormon og op til 82 % IV...... antihistamin). Blandt de 55 patienter i resten af Region Syddanmark fik 80 % IV binyrebarkhormon, 78 % IV antihistamin og 7 % IV adrenalin (blandt dem med moderat til svær anafylaksi fik op til 94 % IV binyrebarkhormon og op til 90 %, IV antihistamin). Af dem der fik IV adrenalin havde 2 ud af 2 tidligere fået...... intramuskulær adrenalin i Odense-området og 1 ud af 4 i resten af Region Syddanmark. Konklusion: Over 50 % af de reporterede tilfælde af allergi efter bi- og hvepsestik kunne gradueres som moderat til svær anafylaksi. Lang de fleste fik behandling med IV binyrebarkhormon og antihistamin, men kun omkring 50 % af...

  3. Støtte til mestring i udredningstiden efter indførelse af kræftpakken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adellund, Kamila; Frandsen, Helle Nørtved; Juhl, Inger Rudbeck

    2009-01-01

    I Danmark er de seneste år startet flere kræftskoler, som giver tilbud om uddannelse og støtte efter behandlingen. Der findes imidlertid ingen tilbud, der retter sig mod patienter og pårørende i udredningstiden. Gynækologisk Obstetrisk Afdeling D, Odense Universitetshospital, har fra Kræftens Bek...... kvalitative og kvantitative forskningsmetoder og der skal evalueres på støtteprogrammets effekt. Projektet starter medio maj 2009 og afsluttes ultimo 2010....

  4. The car industry and the blow-out of the hydrogen hype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bakker, Sjoerd

    2010-01-01

    The hydrogen hype of the last decade has passed and it is now seemingly substituted by the electric vehicle hype. A technological hype can have both positive as well as negative consequences. On the one hand it attracts sponsors for technology development but on the other hand the high expectations might result in disappointment and subsequent withdrawal of the sponsors. In this paper I ask the question to what extent the car industry has created the hype and how it has done so. The industry's role is studied through their prototyping activities and accompanying statements on market entry. I conclude that the car industry has indeed inflated the hype, especially through its public statements on market release after the turn of the millennium. Furthermore, it can be concluded that the industry has shown a double repertoire of both highly optimistic and more modest statements. It is possible that statements are used deliberately to serve the industry's interests whenever needed. Without neglecting the positive influence of technological hype on public policy and private funding for R and D efforts, more modest promises could serve the development of sustainable mobility better. For policy makers the challenge is to remain open to different options instead of following hypes and disappointments as they come and go.

  5. Operational verification of a blow out preventer utilizing fiber Bragg grating based strain gauges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Alan L.; Loustau, Philippe; Thibodeau, Dan

    2015-05-01

    Ultra-deep water BOP (Blowout Preventer) operation poses numerous challenges in obtaining accurate knowledge of current system integrity and component condition- a salient example is the difficulty of verifying closure of the pipe and shearing rams during and after well control events. Ascertaining the integrity of these functions is currently based on a manual volume measurement performed with a stop watch. Advances in sensor technology now permit more accurate methods of BOP condition monitoring. Fiber optic sensing technology and particularly fiber optic strain gauges have evolved to a point where we can derive a good representation of what is happening inside a BOP by installing sensors on the outside shell. Function signatures can be baselined to establish thresholds that indicate successful function activation. Based on this knowledge base, signal variation over time can then be utilized to assess degradation of these functions and subsequent failure to function. Monitoring the BOP from the outside has the advantage of gathering data through a system that can be interfaced with risk based integrity management software and/or a smart monitoring system that analyzes BOP control redundancies without the requirement of interfacing with OEM control systems. The paper will present the results of ongoing work on a fully instrumented 13-½" 10,000 psi pipe ram. Instrumentation includes commonly used pressure transducers, accelerometers, flow meters, and optical strain gauges. Correlation will be presented between flow, pressure, acceleration signatures and the fiber optic strain gauge's response as it relates to functional verification and component level degradation trending.

  6. Chemical Safety Alert: Shaft Blow-Out Hazard of Check and Butterfly Valves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Certain types of check and butterfly valves can undergo shaft-disk separation and fail catastrophically, even when operated within their design limits of pressure and temperature, causing toxic/flammable gas releases, fires, and vapor cloud explosions.

  7. The car industry and the blow-out of the hydrogen hype

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, S.

    2010-01-01

    The hydrogen hype of the last decade has passed and it is now seemingly substituted by the electric vehicle hype. A technological hype can have both positive as well as negative consequences. On the one hand it attracts sponsors for technology development but on the other hand the high expectations

  8. Assessment of sediment hydrocarbon contamination from the 2009 Montara oil blow out in the Timor Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Kathryn A; Jones, Ross

    2016-04-01

    In August 2009, a blowout of the Montara H1 well 260 km off the northwest coast of Australia resulted in the uncontrolled release of about 4.7 M L of light crude oil and gaseous hydrocarbons into the Timor Sea. Over the 74 day period of the spill, the oil remained offshore and did not result in shoreline incidents on the Australia mainland. At various times slicks were sighted over a 90,000 km(2) area, forming a layer of oil which was tracked by airplanes and satellites but the slicks typically remained within 35 km of the well head platform and were treated with 183,000 L of dispersants. The shelf area where the spill occurred is shallow (100-200 m) and includes off shore emergent reefs and cays and submerged banks and shoals. This study describes the increased inputs of oil to the system and assesses the environmental impact. Concentrations of hydrocarbon in the sediment at the time of survey were very low (total aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) ranged from 0.04 to 31 ng g(-1)) and were orders of magnitude lower than concentrations at which biological effects would be expected. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. The functional outcome of blow-out fractures managed surgically and conservatively

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Felding, Ulrik Ascanius; Rasmussen, Janne; Toft, Peter Bjerre

    2016-01-01

    or conservatively. The study design is a retrospective cohort study and the setting is Tertiary care University Hospital. The participants include patients with isolated BOFs admitted to our Trauma Unit from 2010 to 2013. Of the 100 consecutive patients included, 60 had available follow-up data. The presence...... of diplopia and enophthalmus was determined by reviewing the medical records. Data from the patients' initial consultation and their 3-month follow-up were also collected. Of the 60 patients whose data could be analysed, 36 had been managed surgically and 24 conservatively. Of the patients managed surgically......, 25 had diplopia in peripheral gaze before surgery and 12 at 3-month follow-up. Nine had diplopia in primary gaze before surgery and none at 3-month follow-up. Five had enophthalmus before surgery and two at 3-month follow-up. Of the patients managed conservatively, eight had diplopia in peripheral...

  10. Antibiotic prophylaxis for patients with liver cirrhosis and upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Is there evidence for its use?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Kristian; Kronborg, Gitte

    2005-01-01

    Bakteriel infektion er en hyppig komplikation hos patienter med levercirrose. En særlig udsat gruppe er patienter, der både har levercirrose og øvre gastrointestinal blødning. Studier har vist, at op til 66% bliver bakterielt inficerede inden for en 14-dages-periode efter blødning. Der er ligeled...

  11. Colonileus som komplikation til spontant diafragmahernie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svolgaard, Olivia; Burcharth, Flemming

    2009-01-01

    is made clinically by means of thoracic X-ray, computer tomography or magnetic resonance imagining of the abdomen. In this patient, barium enema showed a tumor-like stenosis of the left colonic flexure, but intraoperative findings demonstrated a defect in the left diaphragm with herniation of the left...

  12. Komplikation til unødig arteriepunktur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Mette Helene; Mollerup, Hannah; Jensen, Kenneth

    2009-01-01

    This case describes the complications of an arterial puncture in an 83-year-old female with a femoral neck fracture. Two arterial punctures were performed in the perioperative period. Ten days after surgery the patient was re-admitted with a pseudo aneurysm in the radial artery above the wrist. T...... provide the information needed........ The artery was ligated and no signs of infection were found. Arterial puncture is an important source of information, but it is essential to use the correct aseptic technique and to apply compression to the artery afterwards. The indication should always be considered, as a venous blood sample can often...

  13. Bakterielle infektioner som komplikation til hundebid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, C K; Hansen, P B; Bangsborg, Jette Marie

    1998-01-01

    Dog bites may result in serious bacterial infections with e.g. the gram-negative rods Capnocytophaga canimorsus and Pasteurella multocida. Human disease caused by these microorganisms can be complicated by acute development of septicaemia and/or meningitis followed by disseminated intravascular...... coagulation syndrome, peripheral gangrene and renal failure. The mortality of C. canimorsus septicaemia is about 23-31%. These severe infections are most often reported in immunocompromised patients and occur a few days after the bite. By reviewing the literature it is concluded that the broadest prophylactic...... coverage is obtained by amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and that antibiotic prophylaxis should be given to all immunocompromised patients experiencing a dog bite. Moreover, prophylactic treatment should be initiated for all patients with greater penetrating wounds and those involving the hands....

  14. Bakterielle infektioner som komplikation til hundebid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, C K; Hansen, P B; Bangsborg, Jette Marie

    1998-01-01

    Dog bites may result in serious bacterial infections with e.g. the gram-negative rods Capnocytophaga canimorsus and Pasteurella multocida. Human disease caused by these microorganisms can be complicated by acute development of septicaemia and/or meningitis followed by disseminated intravascular...... coverage is obtained by amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and that antibiotic prophylaxis should be given to all immunocompromised patients experiencing a dog bite. Moreover, prophylactic treatment should be initiated for all patients with greater penetrating wounds and those involving the hands....

  15. Wind interviewet til Ræson om bogen ITU: Europa, vesten og verden efter Trump, Brexit og 10 års kriser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wind, Marlene

    2017-01-01

    Centerleder og professor ved Center for Europæisk Politik Marlene Wind er d.2. februar interviewet til Ræson. Interviewet tog udgangspunkt i den nye bog fra Ræson, som Marlene Wind er medforfatter til, med titlen ”ITU: Europa, vesten og verden efter Trump, Brexit og 10 års kriser”. Her blev Marlene...... kølvandet på Brexit-afstemningen, er nok, at mange europæere i andre EU-lande er blevet mere afklarede i deres holdning til EU. Meningsmålinger foretaget efter Brexit, har jo vist, at rigtig mange af dem, der før var halvskeptiske, nu ikke vil samme vej som briterne. Det kan godt være, at de ikke ligefrem...

  16. GPS baseret kortlægning af zoo gæsters brug af Aalborg Zoologiske Have, efteråret 2008

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glud, Louise Nørgaard; Harder, Henrik; Horst, Nicolas Rendtlew

    Følgende er en opsummering af hovedresultaterne fra attraktivitetsundersøgelsen i Aalborg Zoo foretaget i oktober 2008. Undersøgelsen blev gennemført over fire dage i efterårsferien: søndag d. 12/10, mandag d. 13/10, torsdag d. 16/10 og fredag d. 17/10 2008. Søndag og fredag var vejret godt med s...

  17. Om Ludvig Jacobson og hans beskrivelse af det vomeronasal organ i 1813 efter obduktion af husdyr på Den Kgl. Veterinærskole

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen; Wang, Tobias

    2015-01-01

    , da zoologi-professor, dr. scient. Flemming Frandsen (født 1944) med hans sædvanlige øje for at inddrage spændende historiske detaljer, kort tid forinden havde forelæst på veterinærstudiet om det vomeronasale organ, der indtil 1895 [2] var kendt som Det Jacobsonske Organ – opkaldt efter dets danske...

  18. Rehabilitering efter dekompression och diskoperation - framställandet av en fysioterapeutisk patientanvisning : Ett beställningsarbete av Tölö sjukhus

    OpenAIRE

    Nyberg, Jasmina

    2016-01-01

    Examensarbetet är ett praktiskt inriktat examensarbete med fokus på rehabiliteringen efter en dekompressions- och diskoperation. Det är ett beställningsarbete av Tölö sjukhus med syftet att framställa en fysioterapeutisk patientanvisning. Önskemål från uppdragsgivare var att utforma en tydlig patientanvisning för ryggopererade bestående av skriftliga instruktioner angående postoperativ rehabilitering i form av vardagliga aktiviteter, fysisk aktivitet, ryggens viloställningar, vi...

  19. Veteraners psykiske velbefindende 7-8 måneder efter hjemkomst. Undersøgelse af udsendte til Afghanistan i perioden februar-august 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løngaard, Katja; Nielsen, Anni Brit Sternhagen; Andersen, Søren Bo

    Baggrund Denne undersøgelse omhandler det psykiske helbred blandt dansk personel udsendt med International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) hold 15 til Afghanistan fra februar til august 2013. Den har til formål at afdække forekomsten af symptomer på depression og posttraumatisk stresslidelse (PTSD......, der var udsendt til Afghanistan i 2009. Metode Personel, der stod for udsendelse med ISAF15 (N=659) i februar 2013, fik 5-6 uger før planlagt udsendelse udleveret en række validerede spørgeskemaer, som 282 besvarede. Alle udsendte fik udleveret spørgeskemaer igen 2-3 måneder efter hjemkomst (417...... besvarelser) og fik tilsendt spørgeskemaer 7-8 måneder efter hjemkomst (340 besvarelser). Ud fra disse besvarelser opgør vi forekomsten af symptomer på PTSD og depression, analyserer udviklingen af PTSD-symptomer over tid og identificerer sårbarhedsfaktorer, der øger risikoen for at tilhøre en PTSD...

  20. Kompartmentsyndrom efter hugormebid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed, Casper; Bayer, Lasse Razga; Lebech, Anne-Mette Kjaer

    2009-01-01

    developed fasciotomy-requiring compartment syndrome of the lower and upper limb, respectively. Recognition of this most seldom complication of an adder bite is vital to save the limb. We recommend that the classical signs and symptoms of compartment syndrome serve as indication for surgery. However...

  1. Neonatale konsekvenser efter vakuumekstraktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mathilde Maagaard; Sørensen, Jette Led; Lando, Ane

    2010-01-01

    About 5000 babies annually, or 1/12 of all births, are the result of vacuum-assisted delivery in Denmark. Towards the end of the 1990'ies, the US FDA published a national warning concerning increasing complications and mortality after vacuum-assisted delivery, and other countries followed. One...

  2. Nationalhistorie efter modernismen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böss/Bøss, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen viser, at en række nationsforskere gennem de sidste tyve år har svækket det modernistiske paradigmes tidligere dominans. Den argumenterer for, at det stadig er muligt at skrive nationalhistorie, der går længere tilbage i tiden end til den franske revolution, men at man i så fald skal gøre...... sig klart, at "folket" har skiftet karakter i historiens løb, og at national identitet har udviklet sig i sammenhæng med en konkurrerende narrativer, hvoraf flere kan føres tilbage til det bibelske fortællingsunivers....

  3. På jagt efter relationen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wind, G.

    2001-01-01

    Denne artikel viser, at patient-sygeplejerskerelationen ikke bare er der. Først i det øjeblik der fokuseres på relationen, skabes den og bliver til en betydningsbærende instans. I første del af artiklen ses der på, hvorledes relationen anskues ud fra en medicinsk antropologisk synsvinkel for sene...

  4. Efter cochlear implant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højen, Anders

    2007-01-01

      Dit barn har netop fået et cochlear implant. Hvad nu? Skal barnet fokusere udelukkende på at lære talt sprog, eller skal det også lære/fortsætte med tegnsprog eller støttetegn? Det er et vanskeligt spørgsmål, og før valget foretages, er det vigtigt at vurdere hvilke konsekvenser valget har, dels...... for den sproglige udvikling isoleret set, og dels for barnets udvikling ud fra en helhedsbetragtning. Dette indlæg fokuserer på, hvilke forventninger man kan have til cochlear implant-brugeres sproglige udvikling med talt sprog alene, hhv. med to sprog (tale og tegn). Disse forventninger er baseret på...

  5. Efter cochlear implant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højen, Anders

    Dit barn har netop fået et cochlear implant. Hvad nu? Skal barnet fokusere udelukkende på at lære talt sprog, eller skal det også lære/fortsætte med tegnsprog eller støttetegn? Det er et vanskeligt spørgsmål, og før valget foretages, er det vigtigt at vurdere hvilke konsekvenser valget har, dels...... for den sproglige udvikling isoleret set, og dels for barnets udvikling ud fra en helhedsbetragtning. Dette indlæg fokuserer på, hvilke forventninger man kan have til cochlear implant-brugeres sproglige udvikling med talt sprog alene, hhv. med to sprog (tale og tegn). Disse forventninger er baseret på...

  6. Hvad leder vi efter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luth, Edda Merete

    2010-01-01

    , but a rigid scientific way of thinking does not imply the recognition of context-based elements, and in social work one should therefore only use this method carefully and critically. Language and communicative practice are key elements, when managing social work, and the critical discourse analysis shows how......Starting with the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu's theories on sociological field analysis this thesis will analyse the field 'management in social work' in Denmark. Pierre Bourdieu's theories are based upon a persistent focus on the battles going on between the positions in the field......, the issue being the right to define what is most important in the field - it's illusio. The thesis attempts to describe the field, where management in social work takes place, by analyzing empirical examples of the battles going on in the field and thereby creating its structures. The purpose of the field...

  7. Hypofyseinsufficiens efter hovedtraumer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klose, Marianne C; Juul, Anders; Poulsgaard, Lars

    2007-01-01

    Brain injury following head trauma is a potential cause of acquired hypopituitarism, although regarded as uncommon. Consequently, such patients do not routinely undergo neuroendocrine evaluation. Recent data suggest hypopituitarism to be more common than previously stated, with a prevalence...

  8. Posttraumatisk stress efter arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, K; Lauritsen, Jens; Hansen, O N

    1999-01-01

    This study focuses on post-traumatic stress disorder in a follow up one to two years after the occupational accident. The aim was to estimate the prevalence of PTSD, changes in general health status and issues of compensation. The material was all serious accidents registered in the Danish National...... Register of Work Accidents during 1991. Seriousness was defined by type of injury, including all cases of amputations, bone fractures and extensive body lesions. Of 4745 possible, 3663 persons (77%) participated in a questionnaire study. The prevalence fulfilling the complete set of criteria...... of posttraumatic stress disorder as a chronic state was 2.8% (102 persons), of whom half had been given compensation. Among the most severe accidents the prevalence was 7.6%. In conclusion, in a large cohort of persons with moderate and severe occupational injuries this study demonstrated that post...

  9. Smerter efter apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Klit, Henriette; Marcussen, Ninna Schultz

    2007-01-01

    Pain following stroke is a common but often neglected problem. Headache is present in about one fourth of patients in the acute phase. Later, chronic musculoskeletal pain including shoulder pain may be present, partly due to muscle weakness, posture and stiffness. Central neuropathic pain...... is a chronic pain, often described as burning or shooting and in some cases associated with pain evoked by light touch or cold. Central pain usually develops within months after the stroke and is located within the area of sensory abnormality corresponding to the CNS region damaged by the stroke....

  10. Akut hjernesyndrom efter meflokinbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rønn, A M; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

    1994-01-01

    It is known that the antimalarial drug mefloquine may cause neurological side-effects. Only few cases of encephalitis ascribed to mefloquine treatment have been reported. We here describe a 34 year-old female patient with symptoms of acute brain syndrome. The patient was initially treated...... with mefloquine for infection with P. falciparum. She was rehospitalized 12 days after mefloquine treatment with fever, nausea, dizziness and headache. Her condition worsened and her temperature rose and 15 days after treatment she had generalized convulsions and went into a coma. The EEG was severely abnormal....... The patient was discharged 37 days after mefloquine treatment, but it was two months before the EEG was normal and the patient in her usual condition....

  11. Graviditet efter bariatrisk kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Mette Mandrup; Torvin-Andersen, Lise Lotte; Dam, Peter

    2017-01-01

    This is a review of the recommendations regarding pregnancy after bariatric surgery from the Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. The risk of vitamin/mineral deficiencies should be emphasized and checked with blood samples. Measurements of fetal growth should be offered at gestational age...

  12. Graviditet efter bariatrisk kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Mette Mandrup; Torvin-Andersen, Lise Lotte; Dam, Peter

    2018-01-01

    This is a review of the recommendations regarding pregnancy after bariatric surgery from the Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. The risk of vitamin/mineral deficiencies should be emphasized and checked with blood samples. Measurements of fetal growth should be offered at gestational age...

  13. Graviditet efter bariatrisk kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Renault, Kristina Martha; Andersen, Lise Lotte Torvin; Kjær, Mette Karie Mandrup

    2012-01-01

    In the latest years the number of pregnant women having undergone bariatric surgery before pregnancy has increased rapidly. In pregnancy, they seem to have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications but an increased risk of mechanical complications causing small bowel obstruction...... and complications due to malabsorption. This article reviews the effect of bariatric surgery before pregnancy on obstetric and neonatal outcomes and provides, based on the limited available evidence, recommendations for the management of pregnancy in these women....

  14. Rekonvalescens efter kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharif, Heidi; Glavind, Julie; Uldbjerg, Niels

    2009-01-01

    characterized by fatigue caused by lack of sleep due to nursing and breastfeeding of the baby. This paper accounts for the effects of post-operative pain, breastfeeding, fatigue, sexuality and physical recovery in the period of reconvalecence following elective caesarean section. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep-28......Recommendations for reconvalescence and restriction of physical activity after elective caesarean section are not consistent and there is a lack of evidence on the subject. Although physiological changes are rapidly normalized after the operation, the women experience an extended period...

  15. Billedet efter stormen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stjernfelt, Frederik

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen udgør et tilbageblik på Stjernfelt og Tøjner "Billedstorm" (1989) i kataloget til kunstmuseet Arkens udstilling af firserkunst, september 2010. En engelsk udgave af artiklen publiceres samtidig i en engelsk version af kataloget (ISBN 978-87-7875-077-6)  ...

  16. Urinvejsproblemer efter ketaminmisbrug

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinhardt, Susanne; Fode, Mikkel

    2014-01-01

    Ketamine is gaining popularity among Danish drug users. We present the first three reports of ketamine-induced urinary symptoms in Denmark. The patients were 22-27 years old and were all referred to urological departments due to microscopic or macroscopic haematuria. In addition, all three patien...... reported pain from the penis and the gut, respectively. No specific pathology was found and all patients admitted to ketamine abuse. The cases illustrate that Danish physicians must be aware of potential side effects to ketamine abuse....

  17. Danmark efter Brexit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Catharina; Wivel, Anders

    2017-01-01

    - geografisk og politisk - ved at fremhæve karakteristika ved deres samfund, som de anså for både anderledes og bedre end resten af Europa. Brexit forstærker marginaliseringen af Danmark i EU og samtidig er de danske politiske partier i dag mere EU-skeptiske end tidligere. Danske politiske beslutningstagere er...... Brexit søger Danmark, at skabe nye alliancer med andre små intergovernmentalistiske og atlantisk orienterede EU-medlemslande og at tiltrække arbejdspladser og kapital, der forlader Storbritannien på grund af udmeldelsen....

  18. Akut kulilteforgiftning efter vandpiberygning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Jakob Felbo; Villads, Kasper von Rosen; Sonne, Morten

    2016-01-01

    Carbon monoxide poisoning is potentially lethal, and early recognition and treatment is essential. An 18-year-old man was admitted due to syncope and a carboxyhaemoglobin level of 17% after water pipe tobacco smoking. He received normo- and hyperbaric oxygen as treatment and was discharged after ...... two days without neurological sequelae. This case is the first in Denmark, but recently seven similar cases have been reported. The number of young people smoking water pipe tobacco is increasing, and we fear that more cases like this will occur in the future.......Carbon monoxide poisoning is potentially lethal, and early recognition and treatment is essential. An 18-year-old man was admitted due to syncope and a carboxyhaemoglobin level of 17% after water pipe tobacco smoking. He received normo- and hyperbaric oxygen as treatment and was discharged after...

  19. År efter ..

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, John

    2007-01-01

    Fotos fra de æstetiske fag på den gamle Langelandsgades kaserne 1997-2007 i samarbejde med Torben Nielsen og Ivan Smidt.......Fotos fra de æstetiske fag på den gamle Langelandsgades kaserne 1997-2007 i samarbejde med Torben Nielsen og Ivan Smidt....

  20. Klavikelduplikation efter traumatisk klavikelepifysiolyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lasse; Frich, Lars Henrik

    2009-01-01

    A case of a 15-year-old boy with an injury to the distal clavicle resulting in a "banana peel lesion" and subsequent formation of a "neoclavicle" in the empty periostal sleeve is presented and discussed. Udgivelsesdato: Aug-17......A case of a 15-year-old boy with an injury to the distal clavicle resulting in a "banana peel lesion" and subsequent formation of a "neoclavicle" in the empty periostal sleeve is presented and discussed. Udgivelsesdato: Aug-17...

  1. Intrauterin graviditet efter Cavatermbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shokouh-Amiri, Ali; Kjaergaard, Niels

    2009-01-01

    A case of intrauterine pregnancy occurring after successful balloon thermal endometrial ablation is described. Although rare, pregnancy after endometrial ablation is possible, and use of a supplemental contraceptive method should be planned. In case of pregnancy after endometrial ablation......, the woman should be informed of the high risk of pregnancy complications, and termination of the pregnancy should be discussed. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Feb-16...

  2. Hel igen efter benamputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Elisabeth Bomholt

    2006-01-01

    - forskellige steder. Jeg var hjemme hos tre, med én på café, mødtes med én på vedkommendes arbejdsplads, mødte syv på et fysioterapeutisk GenoptræningsSted (GS) for mennesker med benamputation og havde opfølgende telefonisk møde med seks. På GS deltog jeg bl.a. i individuel fysioterapi tre gange, holdtræning...

  3. Neonatale konsekvenser efter vakuumekstraktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mathilde Maagaard; Sørensen, Jette Led; Lando, Ane

    2010-01-01

    explanation is that training is no longer given the needed focus. Recent introduction of new requirements on Danish specialist training and the fact that vacuum-assisted delivery is an important procedure in obstetrics provides the basis for this article which systematically reviews the neonate consequences...

  4. Posttraumatisk stress efter arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, K; Lauritsen, Jens; Hansen, O N

    1999-01-01

    This study focuses on post-traumatic stress disorder in a follow up one to two years after the occupational accident. The aim was to estimate the prevalence of PTSD, changes in general health status and issues of compensation. The material was all serious accidents registered in the Danish National...... of posttraumatic stress disorder as a chronic state was 2.8% (102 persons), of whom half had been given compensation. Among the most severe accidents the prevalence was 7.6%. In conclusion, in a large cohort of persons with moderate and severe occupational injuries this study demonstrated that post-traumatic...... stress disorder and lasting psychological distress should be a matter for concern in addition to the physical injury....

  5. Ogilvies syndrom efter sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjoldager, B T; Sørensen, Jette Led; Svaerke, T

    2001-01-01

    Ogilvie's syndrome, acute pseudo-obstruction of the colon, can lead to perforation of the caecum and death. The syndrome is not well known and diagnosis can be difficult to make in time.......Ogilvie's syndrome, acute pseudo-obstruction of the colon, can lead to perforation of the caecum and death. The syndrome is not well known and diagnosis can be difficult to make in time....

  6. På jagt efter klasse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, Stine Thidemann

    fordelinger og som symbolske repræsentationer og mentale strukturer. En anden central reference er den poststrukturalistiske kønsforsker Judith Butlers teori om performativitet. Dette begreb introduceres for at tydeliggøre, at både køn og klasse er historisk konstruerede kategorier. I afhandlingen...

  7. Neonatale konsekvenser efter vakuumekstraktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mathilde Maagaard; Sørensen, Jette Led; Lando, Ane

    2010-01-01

    About 5000 babies annually, or 1/12 of all births, are the result of vacuum-assisted delivery in Denmark. Towards the end of the 1990'ies, the US FDA published a national warning concerning increasing complications and mortality after vacuum-assisted delivery, and other countries followed. One ex...

  8. Rekonvalescens efter kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharif, Heidi; Glavind, Julie; Uldbjerg, Niels

    2009-01-01

    Recommendations for reconvalescence and restriction of physical activity after elective caesarean section are not consistent and there is a lack of evidence on the subject. Although physiological changes are rapidly normalized after the operation, the women experience an extended period character...

  9. Marxismen efter Marx

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karl Marx har fået momentum oven på finanskrisen som kritiker af kapitalismen. Men i Marx og i den marxistiske tradition findes en en teoretisk dybde og analysekraft, der rækker langt ud over den nuværende krise. Karl Marx har både som medspiller og modspiller været inspirationskilde for en lang...... række tænkere og politiske bevægelser. Fælles for disse strømninger er dog, at Marx og hans tanker konstant er blevet brugt i en stillingtagen, tilpasning og kritik af samtiden. Trods dette er Marx forsvundet ud af mange uddannelsers pensum – og dermed ud af mange unges bevidsthed. Bogen gennemgår...... marxismens udvikling fra Marx’ død i 1883 og op gennem det 20. århundredes politiske, økonomiske og sociale historie. Bidragyderne viser de mange forskellige tolkninger og retninger i den senere udvikling af marxismen og introducerer til nogle af de mest indflydelsesrige og toneangivende marxistiske tænkere...

  10. Genoptraening efter total knaealloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Bente; Kehlet, Henrik

    2009-01-01

    The short- and long-term benefits of post-discharge physiotherapy regimens after total knee arthroplasty are debatable. A national survey including hospitals in Denmark that perform total knee arthroplasty showed a large variability in indication and regimen for post-knee arthroplasty rehabilitat......The short- and long-term benefits of post-discharge physiotherapy regimens after total knee arthroplasty are debatable. A national survey including hospitals in Denmark that perform total knee arthroplasty showed a large variability in indication and regimen for post-knee arthroplasty...... rehabilitation. Since hospital stay duration has decreased considerably, the need for post-discharge physiotherapy may also have changed. Thus, the indication for and types of rehabilitation programmes need to be studied within the context of fast-track knee arthroplasty....

  11. Genoptraening efter total knaealloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Bente; Kehlet, Henrik

    2009-01-01

    The short- and long-term benefits of post-discharge physiotherapy regimens after total knee arthroplasty are debatable. A national survey including hospitals in Denmark that perform total knee arthroplasty showed a large variability in indication and regimen for post-knee arthroplasty rehabilitat......The short- and long-term benefits of post-discharge physiotherapy regimens after total knee arthroplasty are debatable. A national survey including hospitals in Denmark that perform total knee arthroplasty showed a large variability in indication and regimen for post-knee arthroplasty...... rehabilitation. Since hospital stay duration has decreased considerably, the need for post-discharge physiotherapy may also have changed. Thus, the indication for and types of rehabilitation programmes need to be studied within the context of fast-track knee arthroplasty. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Feb-23...

  12. Kroniske smerter efter lyskebrokkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kehlet, Henrik; Aasvang, Eske Kvanner

    2011-01-01

    Multiple mechanisms are responsible for persistent postherniotomy pain, including preoperative pain hypersensitivity, other chronic pain states and intraoperative nerve injury. Currently, the primary preventive techniques are intraoperative nerve identification/sparing in open surgery or use...

  13. Om beviskravene i immaterialretlige forbudssager efter forbudsreformen 2013 og Højesterets kendelse i U 2014.196 H, Lundbeck/Actavis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer, om beviskravene i immaterialretlige forbudssager, særligt om patenter, er uændrede efter ikrafttrædelsen den 1. juli 2013 af ændrede regler i retsplejeloven om midlertidige forbud og påbud, ligesom artiklen analyserer konsekvenserne af Højesterets kendelse i UfR 2014.196 H......, Lundbeck mod Actavis. Endvidere efterprøves det nærmere indhold af beviskravet til den part, som forbudsbegæringen retter sig imod, og som vil bestride patentets gyldighed. Artiklen analyserer de rammer, inden for hvilke bevisførelsen i en immaterialretlig forbudssag må finde sted. De europaretlige krav i......, en patenthaver skal føre for, at et patent er gyldigt, og at patentet er blevet krænket. Der gælder derfor i samme omfang som hidtil et krav om godtgørelse (bevis) eller blot sandsynliggørelse, dvs. en bevislettelse for sagsøgeren (rekvirenten) i samme omfang som hidtil. Der er således ikke tilsigtet...

  14. Alvorlig komplikation i forbindelse med slankekur med humant choriongonadotropin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thellesen, Line; Jørgensen, Louise; Regeur, Jakob von Halling

    2014-01-01

    A 28-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain. Prior to admission she had injected human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) intramuscularly as part of a weight loss programme. A computed tomography detected a thrombosis of the superior mesenteric vein and with a gynaecologic scan she was found...... to be six weeks pregnant despite using oral contraception. Treatment with anticoagulant therapy was started, and a surgical abortion was performed. hCG bought illegal is used as a part of a weight loss program. Whether HCG injected in small amounts is a risk factor of venous thrombosis and whether...

  15. Akut fosfatnefropati som komplikation til udrensning med oral natriumfosfat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Colic, Edin; Marcussen, Niels

    2011-01-01

    Acute phosphate nephropathy (APhN) has recently been identified as a reason for acute and subsequently chronic renal failure, following exposure to the oral sodium phosphate bowel purgatives. Renal biopsies show acute and chronic tubular injury with calcium phosphate deposits. A case of biopsy...

  16. Laktatacidose som komplikation til inhalationsbehandling hos patient med astmaeksacerbation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekelund, Kim; Følsgaard, Søren Lars

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of severe lactic acidosis due to exacerbation of asthma in presence of normal tissue perfusion and oxygenation in a 35-year-old woman with poorly controlled asthma. After admission, she was treated continuously with inhalation of salbutamol (a beta-agonist) resulting in lactic...... acidosis, which was misinterpreted as treatment failure. The lactic acidosis reversed on discontinuation of the inhalation therapy. Although lactic acidosis is a rare complication to inhalation of beta-agonists, it is important for the clinicians to recognize this....

  17. Deszensusoperationen mit und ohne Gewebeersatz: Komplikations- und Rezidivmanagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tunn R

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Ein Deszensus soll erst dann operativ korrigiert werden, wenn er einen Leidensdruck verursacht und konservative Behandlungsmethoden ausgeschöpft wurden. In der Primärsituation hat die Rekonstruktion körpereigener Faszienstrukturen Priorität. Werden Zystound Rektozele durch zentrale Fasziendefekte bedingt, werden diese durch die vaginale Faszienrekonstruktion korrigiert, bei einer Damminsuffizienz wird die Rektozelenkorrektur mit der Dammrekonstruktion kombiniert. Ventrale Lateraldefekte zeigen sonographisch eine Hypermobilität von Urethra und Harnblase, bei der vaginalen Einstellung stellen sich die Rugae vaginales erhalten dar, hier bietet sich die Kolposuspension mit lateraler Rekonstruktion an. In der Rezidivsituation ist die Verwendung von Gewebeersatz sinnvoll. Als Gewebeersatz kommen allogene und xenogene Biomaterialien und alloplastische resorbierbare bzw. nicht resorbierbare Netzstrukturen zur Anwendung. Trägt man dem aktuellen Stand der Literatur und den klinischen Erfahrungen Rechnung, geht der Trend zum Einsatz alloplastischer, nicht resorbierbarer Polypropylennetze Typ I nach Amid (grobporig, monophil, leichtgewichtig: ca. 25–35 g/m². Defekte Level I können erfolgreich abdominal durch Kolposakropexie, Zysto- und Rektozelen bevorzugt vaginal durch ventrale transobturatorische bzw. dorsale transischioanale Netzeinlagen korrigiert werden.

  18. Luftudvikling i nyrer og urinveje som komplikation til urinvejsinfektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Redal-Baigorri, Ana Belén; Egfjord, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a bacterial infection characterised by gas production in the renal parenchyma. We present a case with EPN caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae sepsis. The 74-year-old woman was admitted in septic shock. An acute computed tomography revealed gas bubbles bilaterally...

  19. Alvorlig komplikation i forbindelse med slankekur med humant choriongonadotropin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thellesen, Line; Jørgensen, Louise; Regeur, Jakob von Halling

    2014-01-01

    to be six weeks pregnant despite using oral contraception. Treatment with anticoagulant therapy was started, and a surgical abortion was performed. hCG bought illegal is used as a part of a weight loss program. Whether HCG injected in small amounts is a risk factor of venous thrombosis and whether...... it is able to reduce the effect of oral contraception is unknown....

  20. Was the extreme and widespread marine oil-snow sedimentation and flocculent accumulation (MOSSFA) event during the Deepwater Horizon blow-out unique?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vonk, S.M.; Hollander, D.J.; Murk, A.J.

    2015-01-01

    During the Deepwater Horizon blowout, thick layers of oiled material were deposited on the deep seafloor. This large scale benthic concentration of oil is suggested to have occurred via the process of Marine Oil Snow Sedimentation and Flocculent Accumulation (MOSSFA). This meta-analysis investigates

  1. Was the extreme and wide-spread marine oil-snow sedimentation and flocculent accumulation (MOSSFA) event during the Deepwater Horizon blow-out unique?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vonk, Sophie M; Hollander, David J; Murk, AlberTinka J

    2015-11-15

    During the Deepwater Horizon blowout, thick layers of oiled material were deposited on the deep seafloor. This large scale benthic concentration of oil is suggested to have occurred via the process of Marine Oil Snow Sedimentation and Flocculent Accumulation (MOSSFA). This meta-analysis investigates whether MOSSFA occurred in other large oil spills and identifies the main drivers of oil sedimentation. MOSSFA was found to have occurred during the IXTOC I blowout and possibly during the Santa Barbara blowout. Unfortunately, benthic effects were not sufficiently studied for the 52 spills we reviewed. However, based on the current understanding of drivers involved, we conclude that MOSSFA and related benthic contamination may be widespread. We suggest to collect and analyze sediment cores at specific spill locations, as improved understanding of the MOSSFA process will allow better informed spill responses in the future, taking into account possible massive oil sedimentation and smothering of (deep) benthic ecosystems. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Indikation for adrenalinautoinjektor efter anafylaksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malling, Hans-Jørgen; Hansen, Kirsten Skamstrup; Mosbech, Holger

    2012-01-01

    Anaphylaxis is a potentially fatal hypersensitivity reaction, which should be treated with adrenaline. Patients at risk of recurrent anaphylaxis after the initial episode should be prescribed an adrenalin autoinjector. The patients include persons, who are allergic to insect venom, before...... they reach the maintenance dose of allergen-specific immunotherapy, persons with food allergy who are at risk of accidental intakes, persons with anaphylaxis induced by low-intensity physical activity, and idiopathic anaphylaxis. The recommended dose of adrenaline is 0.15 mg for children up to 20 kg and 0...

  3. Laegers kliniske faerdigheder efter turnusuddannelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsted, Charlotte V; Pallisgaard, Jane; Falck, Geir

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate Danish interns' clinical skills after their internship in order to identify areas where systematic training is needed. This study was a follow-up of a previous study on a group of interns at the beginning of their internship. MATERIAL AND METHODS......: A questionnaire listing 88 practical skills was posted to a group of trainees before and after internship. The interns were asked to rate their level of mastery in each skill on a scale 0-10, where 0 = not mastery/not competent and 10 = mastery/competent. RESULTS: In all, 74 out of 100 trainees returned...... the questionnaire. In 60 of the skills the trainees reported a higher level of mastery after internship and in 28 procedures the level of skill did not improve. Ten of these are procedures used in emergency settings. DISCUSSION: The reliability of self-reported clinical skills can be discussed, but it is a major...

  4. Stressfraktur efter epifysiodese i femur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Aubaidi, Zaid; Engell, Vilhelm; Lundgaard, Bjarne

    2010-01-01

    Growth guiding is currently widely practiced for deformity correction in the growing child. Different methods have been developed. In 2007 Stevens described a tension band device (8-plates) as a simple growth control method. Since then it has been widely used, e.g. in hemiepiphysiodesis to correct...... varus or valgus deformities or extension defect in the knee. Temporary epiphysiodesis can also be used to correct leg length discrepancy more accurately. Complications after treatment with 8-plates are well-described. Stress fracture after the usage of this device has to our knowledge not yet been...

  5. Bursitis efter vaccination i skulderregionen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bliddal, Henning; Torp-Pedersen, Søren; Falk-Riecke, Birgit

    2017-01-01

    Shoulder pain may develop after vaccination in the deltoid area due to inadvertent injection of the vaccine into the subdeltoid bursa, which may be located close to the skin. As far as we know, such vaccination reactions occur more frequently than officially registered, and doctors may not be awa...

  6. Tejnefiskeri efter jomfruhummer. Et litteraturstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Rikke; Krag, Ludvig Ahm; Andersen, Bo Sølgaard

    The Danish quota for Norway lobster is fished by use of trawl. In the past 5 years, between 10 and 70 % of the quota has not been exploited. This is partly on account of restricted quotas on some of the other species that are targeted in this mixed species fishery. Furthermore, in order to protect...... a premium price reflecting the high quality of the landings. The fleet consists of vessels up to 12 m with a crew of one to two man. Working with creels requires a spacious deck and an advantageous arrangement in order to set and haul a large number of creels. Creeling for Norway lobster is seasonal and off...... season either other species are targeted (e.g. common lobster and edible crab) or the vessel is rigged for trawling or set netting. The design of creels varies but generally they have two entrances and entice Norway lobster to the creel by use of bait e.g. salted herring. The low catch rates...

  7. Socialisme i Chile efter Pinochet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cristoffanini, Pablo Rolando

    2008-01-01

    Chile bliver ofte præsenteret som et paradigme for resten af det latinamerikanske kontinent: Et land med høj økonomisk vækst og politisk stabilitet. Landet har endda haft to socialistiske præsidenter siden 2000, den sidste den første kvindelige præsident. Succeshistorien har en bagside: De...... socialistiske regeringer har accepteret et begrænset demokrati og videreført en nyliberal økonomisk politik, der har bragt dem på konfrontationskurs med massebevægelserne og isoleret Chile fra de andre lande i regionen, der søger integration og gensidig støøte. Udgivelsesdato: Februar...

  8. Laegers kliniske faerdigheder efter turnusuddannelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsted, Charlotte V; Pallisgaard, Jane; Falck, Geir

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate Danish interns' clinical skills after their internship in order to identify areas where systematic training is needed. This study was a follow-up of a previous study on a group of interns at the beginning of their internship. MATERIAL AND METHODS......: A questionnaire listing 88 practical skills was posted to a group of trainees before and after internship. The interns were asked to rate their level of mastery in each skill on a scale 0-10, where 0 = not mastery/not competent and 10 = mastery/competent. RESULTS: In all, 74 out of 100 trainees returned...... concern that skills particularly in emergency procedures do not improve. There is a need to define clear objectives, implement structured training programmes, and assess skills in order to accomplish a reliable and sufficient level of competency. Udgivelsesdato: 2002-Jun-10...

  9. HRM i Danmark efter krisen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bévort, Frans; Holt Larsen, Henrik; Hjalager, Anne-Mette

    Kortlægning af praksis for Human Resource Management (HRM) i alle organisationer i Danmark med mere end 100 ansatte.......Kortlægning af praksis for Human Resource Management (HRM) i alle organisationer i Danmark med mere end 100 ansatte....

  10. Kunstnernes Efterårsudstilling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valg af materiale/medie/form: Digitalt foto, tegning og frottage Valg af arbejdsform: Eksperimenterende Begrundelse for valg af materiale/medie/form/arbejdsform: Undervisningsrelevans samt eget eksperiment......Valg af materiale/medie/form: Digitalt foto, tegning og frottage Valg af arbejdsform: Eksperimenterende Begrundelse for valg af materiale/medie/form/arbejdsform: Undervisningsrelevans samt eget eksperiment...

  11. Rekonvalescens og sygemelding efter influenza

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Court

    2009-01-01

    Seasonal influenza has a significant impact on individuals and society alike. In otherwise healthy adults, a typical case of seasonal influenza is associated with six to eight days of clinical symptoms, and about four to five days of sick leave. Transmission mainly takes place during the initial...

  12. Organisk kataton tilstand efter apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anders; Jørgensen, Martin Balslev

    2009-01-01

    , stereotyped movements and repetition of meaningless sounds. The condition responded to benzodiazepine and electroconvulsive therapy. Catatonia should be considered as a differential diagnosis when the described symptoms occur in patients with a known organic cerebral disorder. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug...

  13. Organisk kataton tilstand efter apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anders; Jørgensen, Martin Balslev

    2009-01-01

    , stereotyped movements and repetition of meaningless sounds. The condition responded to benzodiazepine and electroconvulsive therapy. Catatonia should be considered as a differential diagnosis when the described symptoms occur in patients with a known organic cerebral disorder. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug-31...

  14. Angina pectoris efter sumatriptan (Imigran)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamsen, Bo; Christiansen, B D

    1992-01-01

    Developed for the treatment of migraine, sumatriptan is an agonist of 5-hydroxytryptamine-1-receptors. Though a pressure sensation is a common complaint, significant ECG changes have not been reported after subcutaneous administration of sumatriptan. A case history is given where angina pectoris ...

  15. Alvorlig korneal skoldningsskade efter vanddampeksplosion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øregaard, Jógvan Suni; Tran, Thuy Linh; Paulsen, Jakob Felbo

    2016-01-01

    unit two days later due to suspicion of infection of the facial burns. She was found to have seriously impaired vision and was transferred to a department of ophthalmology. Examination revealed bilateral severe corneal injuries and bilateral limbal ischaemia, presumably leading to permanently impaired...... vision....

  16. Rekonvalescens og sygemelding efter kolonresektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Dorthe Hjort; Andersen, Jens

    2009-01-01

    The benefits of fast-track surgery are improved recovery and a shorter period of postoperative convalescence. After uncomplicated colonic resection, there is no pathophysiological basis for recommending a postoperative convalescence of more than 2-3 weeks. Advice after discharge - Convalescence...

  17. Pupilparalyse. En sjaelden komplikation ved øjeninfektion med Varicella zoster-virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallas, P

    2001-01-01

    Pupillary paralysis and paresis of the peripheral facial nerve on the left side was found in a 68-year-old man with concussion and herpes zoster ophthalmicus on the left eye. Post mortem examination showed no sign of intracranial hemorrhage. The cause of death was pulmonary oedema and aspiration...

  18. Retroperitonealt hæmatom som komplikation i forbindelse med start af laparoskopisk operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jakob Gerlach; Achiam, Michael Patrich

    2015-01-01

    After laparoscopic appendectomy complications and injury to the intraabdominal organs and major vessels are rare but well documented. The majority of complications occur during establishment of pneumoperitoneum. Frequently used entries are open trocar (Hasson), closed using Veress needle and dire...... trocar insertion. In this case we describe an incident where the towel clip, used to get hold of the supraumbilical fascia to minimize the risk of injury, was pressed down too hard. The retroperitoneum was accidentally punctured and a haematoma above vena cava was created....

  19. Rektovesikal fistel som komplikation i forbindelse med endoskopisk vakuumbehandling af kronisk præsakral kavitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nerup, Nikolaj; Bulut, Orhan

    2013-01-01

    abscesses. There is only evidence for early treatment of the presacral abscess. To prevent fistula formation during endo-VAC, care should be taken if the abscess-cavity is close to the bladder or the sponge is in direct contact with other bowel segments. Magnetic resonance imaging with contrast enema can...

  20. Pupilparalyse. En sjaelden komplikation ved øjeninfektion med Varicella zoster-virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallas, P

    2001-01-01

    Pupillary paralysis and paresis of the peripheral facial nerve on the left side was found in a 68-year-old man with concussion and herpes zoster ophthalmicus on the left eye. Post mortem examination showed no sign of intracranial hemorrhage. The cause of death was pulmonary oedema and aspiration........ The neurological signs were probably caused by herpes zoster affection of the oculomotor and optic nerves in association with the facial nerve paresis induced by zoster.......Pupillary paralysis and paresis of the peripheral facial nerve on the left side was found in a 68-year-old man with concussion and herpes zoster ophthalmicus on the left eye. Post mortem examination showed no sign of intracranial hemorrhage. The cause of death was pulmonary oedema and aspiration...

  1. Universelle kramper og respirationsstop som komplikation i forbindelse med lokalanalgesi ved circumcision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiberg, Ida Louise; Nebrich, Lars; Pedersen, Pernille

    2015-01-01

    We present two cases in which two boys of four weeks and four and a half months, respectively, experienced seizures and respiratory insufficiency as complications to the local anaesthesia administered for ritual circumcision. They both needed intubation and anticonvulsive therapy and acquired...

  2. Rektovesikal fistel som komplikation i forbindelse med endoskopisk vakuumbehandling af kronisk præsakral kavitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nerup, Nikolaj; Bulut, Orhan

    2013-01-01

    A 66-year-old male who underwent Hartmann's operation for rectal cancer developed a pelvic abscess treated with late onset endoscopic vacuum (endo-VAC). He developed a fistula from the abscess to the bladder. The literature does not support prolonged or late onset endo-VAC to treat chronic pelvic...... abscesses. There is only evidence for early treatment of the presacral abscess. To prevent fistula formation during endo-VAC, care should be taken if the abscess-cavity is close to the bladder or the sponge is in direct contact with other bowel segments. Magnetic resonance imaging with contrast enema can...

  3. Toksisk hepatitis efter indtagelse af kosttilskuddet purshianabark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claire; Semb, Synne; Kromann-Andersen, Hans

    2009-01-01

    Herbal medicinal products can cause toxic hepatitis. This case report presents a patient who developed severe toxic hepatitis with beginning liver failure following four weeks of consumption of the herbal medicinal product Cascara Sagrada. A similar case was reported from the United States. Cascara...

  4. Livstruende haemorrhagia per rectum postoperativt efter appendektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, M A; Lindholt, Jes Sanddal

    1994-01-01

    A case of life-threatening haemorrhage nine days after appendicectomy is described in a 51 year old previously healthy man. Coecotomy revealed a bleeding artery near the invaginated appendiceal stump. The bleeding artery was presumably an intramural branch to the appendix from the posterior coeca...

  5. Bilateral akillesseneruptur efter behandling med ciprofloxacin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Attarzadeh, Amir Pasha; Ryge, Camilla

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of spontaneous non-traumatic bilateral rupture of the Achilles tendons following ciprofloxacin treatment. A 54-year-old man presented with spontaneous Achilles tendon rupture on the left side, tendinitis and partial tear on the right side following few days of treatment...

  6. Lav dødelighed efter acetylsalicylsyreforgiftning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karsbøl, Julie Derving; Jørgensen, Henrik L; Dalhoff, Kim

    2010-01-01

    The objective of the study was to identify possible prognostic factors in patients with salicylic poisoning.......The objective of the study was to identify possible prognostic factors in patients with salicylic poisoning....

  7. ST-elevations-myokardieinfarkt efter terapeutisk adrenalininjektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rømhild Davidsen, Jesper; Lambrechtsen, Jess; Egstrup, Kenneth

    2006-01-01

    A case of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following accidental iatrogenic overdose by adrenaline injection is described in a male aged 55 years. This patient was given 1 mg of adrenaline due to anaphylactic symptoms. Afterwards he presented with angina pectoris, dyspnoea and ST-segment elevation...... in the ECG. Plasma TnT and CK-MB were raised. A coronary angiography revealed a 66% stenosis of RCA. This patient had an asymptomatic RCA stenosis that probably became symptomatic due to coronary artery spasm related to adrenaline injection and thereby presented symptoms and signs of AMI....

  8. På vej mod job efter en arbejdsskade:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gensby, Ulrik; Thuesen, Frederik

    ”Med udbredelsen af Fastholdelsescentret er kendskabet til arbejdsskadeområdet blevet meget mere bredt. Vi kan bruge hinanden på en helt anden måde. Det er jo også helt nyt for dem at rykke ud og tale med den borger, der er kommet til skade,” fortæller en sagsbehandler om centrets rejsehold, som ....... Undersøgelsen er baseret på 24 kvalitative interviews og er finansieret af Arbejdsskadestyrelsen....

  9. Vellykket konservativ behandling efter knivtraume mod hjertet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wærsted, Stian; Schou-Jensen, Katrine; Jensen, Tim

    2012-01-01

    haemodynamically stable, surgical intervention was considered unnecessary. At the first follow-up, an echocardiogram showed no visible pericardial effusion. At ten month follow-up, she showed initial symptoms of cardiac failure, and a renewed echocardiogram revealed a new pericardial effusion. It is important...

  10. Kruralt kompartmentsyndrom efter kirurgi i stensnitleje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, Peter-Martin; Rawashdeh, Yazan F

    2008-01-01

    Lower limb compartment syndrome after prolonged surgery in the lithotomy position is a rare but devastating complication which is termed well leg compartment syndrome (WLCS). The pathogenesis comprises increase in intracompartmental pressure and hypoperfusion, resulting in ischemia and necrosis....... By reviewing the PubMed database we found 38 case reports with a total of 58 patients who developed WLCS. Every surgeon should know WLCS as early diagnosis and treatment is essential to avoid severe permanent disability. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Apr-28...

  11. Primaer brystrekonstruktion efter mastektomi for cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elberg, J J; Blichert-Toft, M; Drzewiecki, K T

    1995-01-01

    Primary breast reconstruction in connection with mastectomy is a well-established procedure. The reconstruction may be carried out by the submuscular implantation of a prosthesis, in some cases preceded by tissue expansion. In situations where there is insufficient skin--or muscle......-regional tumour reappearance do not seem to be affected by the reconstruction. In studies published to date, consisting of relatively small patient groups and short observation periods, numbers without relapse and overall survival are found to be equivalent to that following mastectomy without reconstruction....

  12. Kronisk ileus efter iatrogen reversering af tyndtarmen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mark Ellebaek; Rahr, Hans B; Mahdi, Bassam

    2010-01-01

    We report a case of inadvertent reversal of the entire small intestine leading to severe complications and long-standing ileus. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging and laparotomy. The patient was cured by surgical re-reversal of the bowel. Care should be taken to ma...... the bowel ends when multiple simultaneous bowel resections are performed....

  13. Pertrokantaer stressfraktur efter kondiløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    al-Aubaidi, Zaid T J; Lind, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    We describe a case of pertrochanteric stress fracture in a 62-year-old woman due to a sudden increase in medium distance running. Symptoms started after 11 weeks. The diagnosis was made six months after debut of symptoms. The x-ray revealed a pertrochanteric fracture which had healed in 105 degre...... of varus....

  14. Patientdeltagelse under rehabilitering efter en rygmarvsskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Angel, Sanne

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the patient's ability and need for participation during rehabilitation. The application of Ricoeur's phenomenological-hermeneutic interpretation theory with a narrative approach revealed that the rehabilitation process of 12 persons was successful in providing specific...

  15. Ambulant ST-segmentmonitorering efter akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Junker, A; Friis, E V

    1994-01-01

    Over the last decade the concept of silent myocardial ischaemia has received considerable attention. Without doubt, the increased use of ambulatory ST-segment monitoring is the most important reason for the growing interest in this field. The prevalence of ambulatory ischaemia after myocardial in...

  16. Psykiske og seksuelle problemer efter mandlig sterilisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burgaard, L; Simonsen, Erik; Winther, G.

    1986-01-01

    An account is presented of a psychiatric/psychological investigation of 25 men, three years after sterilization. The investigation included a semi-quantitative interview which was recorded on tape, psychological testing independent of this with projective tests (Rorschach and TAT) and completion...

  17. Overtagelsesværn efter Volkswagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer, hvilken betydning EF-domstolens dom om virkningerne af reglerne om kapitalens frie bevægelighed for overtagelsesværnene i Volkswagen AG  har for stemmeretsbegrænsning, ejerloft, opdeling i A- og B-aktier, forhøjede majoritetskrav mv. i børsnoterede selskaber......Artiklen analyserer, hvilken betydning EF-domstolens dom om virkningerne af reglerne om kapitalens frie bevægelighed for overtagelsesværnene i Volkswagen AG  har for stemmeretsbegrænsning, ejerloft, opdeling i A- og B-aktier, forhøjede majoritetskrav mv. i børsnoterede selskaber...

  18. Talen begynder efter døden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dræby, Anders

    2015-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Speech begins after death. Michel Foucault in conversation with Claude Bonnefoy. University of Minnesota Press, 2013.......Anmeldelse af: Speech begins after death. Michel Foucault in conversation with Claude Bonnefoy. University of Minnesota Press, 2013....

  19. Hospitalsbehandling efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grand, Johannes; Hassager, Christian; Kjærgaard, Jesper

    2017-01-01

    Survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Denmark has increased significantly since 2001, and important improvements have been made in the post-resuscitation care. The aim of this article is to summarize the most recent international guidelines for post-resuscitation care in a Danish...... perspective. The main aspects concern securing haemodynamic and respiratory functions and performing urgent coronary catheterization and targeted temperature management in selected patients. In prognostication a multi-modal approach should be applied....

  20. At Lede Efter Læring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    slagmark, hvor forskellige forandringsambitioner tager livtag med hinanden. Ved at relatere til Harry Potter 5 (som handler om en skolereform), Max Weber og andre interessante værker og forfattere, slår vi til lyd for at skolen må gen-politiseres. Det nytter ikke at én ideologisk dagsorden tager patent på...

  1. Bilateral akillesseneruptur efter behandling med ciprofloxacin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Attarzadeh, Amir Pasha; Ryge, Camilla

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of spontaneous non-traumatic bilateral rupture of the Achilles tendons following ciprofloxacin treatment. A 54-year-old man presented with spontaneous Achilles tendon rupture on the left side, tendinitis and partial tear on the right side following few days of treatment with cipr......We report a case of spontaneous non-traumatic bilateral rupture of the Achilles tendons following ciprofloxacin treatment. A 54-year-old man presented with spontaneous Achilles tendon rupture on the left side, tendinitis and partial tear on the right side following few days of treatment...... with ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice daily and long-term treatment with prednisolon 10 mg once daily. This rare side effect caused by concurrent treatment with steroids and ciprofloxacin should be kept in mind. Any signs of tendinitis following this treatment should arouse the physicians' suspicion towards ciprofloxacin....

  2. Pseudomonas-follikulitis efter badning i spabad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uldall Pallesen, Kristine Appel; Andersen, Klaus Ejner; Mørtz, Charlotte Gotthard

    2012-01-01

    . We describe a 23-year-old healthy woman who developed a pustular rash and general malaise after using a spa bath contaminated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Bacterial culture from a pustule confirmed Pseudomonas folliculitis and the patient was treated with ciprofloxacin with rapid good effect....

  3. Plastkirurgi efter stort vægttab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winge, Rikke; Henriksen, Trine Foged; Printzlau, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Post bariatric body contouring in Denmark is currently a field under development. The scope of this article is to give an overview of existing plastic surgery techniques being used to treat patients with massive weight loss, as well as the current indications for patient referral. Furthermore, we...

  4. Plastikkirurgi efter stort vægttab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winge, Rikke; Henriksen, Trine Foged; Printzlau, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Post bariatric body contouring in Denmark is currently a field under development. The scope of this article is to give an overview of existing plastic surgery techniques being used to treat patients with massive weight loss, as well as the current indications for patient referral. Furthermore, we...

  5. Patienttilfredshed efter bariatrisk og postbariatrisk kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Lotte; Roessler, Kirsten Kaya; Rose, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Surgical treatment of obesity has led to a large group of patients with massive weight loss. The massive weight loss results in excessive skin, which leads to pain, skin problems, cosmetic discomfort and psychosocial issues. The impact on quality of life of bariatric and body contouring surgery can...

  6. Amerikansk sikkerhedspolitik efter den kolde krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pall Skött, Jakob; Nielsen Kjær, Anna

    2005-01-01

    Via en Foucaldiansk analyseramme vil artiklen demonstrere et skift i den amerikanske sikkerhedsdiskurs. Derefter vil den fremhæve de nye kontrollerend emagtlogikkers paradoksale konsekvenser for den krig mod terror, der udkæmpes i frihedens og demokratiets navn. Udgivelsesdato: Marts...

  7. Primaer brystrekonstruktion efter mastektomi for cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elberg, J J; Blichert-Toft, M; Drzewiecki, K T

    1995-01-01

    Primary breast reconstruction in connection with mastectomy is a well-established procedure. The reconstruction may be carried out by the submuscular implantation of a prosthesis, in some cases preceded by tissue expansion. In situations where there is insufficient skin--or muscle-coverage, a mus......Primary breast reconstruction in connection with mastectomy is a well-established procedure. The reconstruction may be carried out by the submuscular implantation of a prosthesis, in some cases preceded by tissue expansion. In situations where there is insufficient skin--or muscle......-coverage, a musculocutaneous transposition flap may be used. The aim of breast reconstruction is to prevent the psychosocial sequelae of mastectomy. From experiences with secondary reconstruction, it seems that the reconstruction especially helps correct loss of feminine identity and negative body-image. Certain...

  8. Pa spaning efter Big Bang i underjorden

    CERN Multimedia

    Granström, Helena

    2008-01-01

    The LHC will start this summer; an accelerator placed in a 27km long annel. The machine will collide particles in order to test the theory of dark matter, dark energy and supersymmetry. We will get to know much more, but maybe understand even less. (4 pages)

  9. Ventrikelperforation efter indtagelse af flydende kvaelstof

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Anders Riegels; Nielsen, Casper; Christensen, Peter

    2009-01-01

    -induced lesions. Liquid nitrogen boils at -196 degrees C. When heated to body temperature, it instantly expands 700 times, in this case predictably leading to gastric rupture. Therefore, any oral intake of even small amounts of liquid nitrogen should be avoided. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Feb-9...

  10. Mave-tarm-funktion efter kolecystektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, Jüri J

    2005-01-01

    Randomized studies of the physiological and clinical consequences of cholecystectomy for uncomplicated gallbladder stones are very scarce. Bile acid malabsorption is increased postoperatively, probably giving rise to diarrhea in a few sensitive individuals. Preexisting abdominal distension and fat...

  11. Rekonvalescens og funktionstab efter intensiv terapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Jesper B; Møller, Kirsten; Perner, Anders

    2009-01-01

    More patients survive critical illness, which emphasises the need to assess outcome measures other than mortality. A prolonged decline in physical function is frequently observed after discharge in the critically ill. Neuromuscular dysfunction and muscle atrophy incurred during intensive care may...

  12. Mave-tarm-funktion efter kolecystektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, Jüri J

    2005-01-01

    Randomized studies of the physiological and clinical consequences of cholecystectomy for uncomplicated gallbladder stones are very scarce. Bile acid malabsorption is increased postoperatively, probably giving rise to diarrhea in a few sensitive individuals. Preexisting abdominal distension and fa...... intolerance most often persist postoperatively. In adequately selected patients, abdominal pain may subside in 75% or more. The presence of functional bowel disease should always be considered in patients with uncomplicated gallstones....

  13. Efter Brexit. Tag nu Europas arbejdere alvorligt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Niels Jul

    2016-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i Brexit diskuterer kronikken, hvordan arbejdskraftens frie bevægelighed inden for EU's opleves som en trussel for den del af befolkningen, der mærker presset fra udenlandsk arbejdskraft på både deres jobs og vilkårene for at udføre dem. Det diskuteres endvidere, hvordan det...

  14. Recovery efter depression set fra et patientperspektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leegaard Jepsen, Stine; Aagaard, Hanne

    2017-01-01

    what effort this process requires. Method: The study is a qualitative interview study in which five informants between 53 and 63 years, with a depression diagnosis, which has undergone a course of psychoeducation, were interviewed from semi-structured interview guides. The empirical material...

  15. Recovery efter depression set fra et patientperspektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Stine Leegaard

    2017-01-01

    phenomenological approach. Findings: Four main themes were identified: 1) Experience of change, 2) Loss of integrity, 3) Redefinition of identity and 4) Coping of the future. Conclusion: Depression changes the individual and no simple procedure can lead to recovery. The informants struggle with keeping...

  16. Sen udvikling af carotisdissektion efter trafikuheld

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjort, Mathias; Ljungberg, Merete; Jakobsen, Linda

    2011-01-01

    This case study discusses the clinical manifestations of carotid dissection in a 58-year-old male admitted with minor injuries after a traffic accident. Within 24 hours the patient developed Horner syndrome, hoarseness and possible facial nerve palsy. A CT-angiogram showed dissection of the left...

  17. Graviditet i uteruscikatricen efter tidligere sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Kathrine Birch; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Krebs, Lone

    2010-01-01

    these complications. Vaginal bleeding and/or mild to moderate lower abdominal pain are symptoms seen in half of the women. The diagnosis is made by sonography and criteria for these are listed. We here present the most recent studies on treatment strategies, follow-up and future fertility.......Rarely, but with increasing frequency, we detect pregnancies within the uterine scar of a prior Caesarean section. These ectopic pregnancies entail a risk of severe bleeding and uterine rupture, and thus constitute a threat to the pregnant woman's life, underlining the necessity of awareness about...

  18. Sen udvikling af carotisdissektion efter trafikuheld

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjort, Mathias; Ljungberg, Merete; Jakobsen, Linda

    2011-01-01

    This case study discusses the clinical manifestations of carotid dissection in a 58-year-old male admitted with minor injuries after a traffic accident. Within 24 hours the patient developed Horner syndrome, hoarseness and possible facial nerve palsy. A CT-angiogram showed dissection of the left ...... carotid artery in its extracranial part. The patient was treated with anticoagulants and transferred to a neurological ward for further examination. Follow-up with CT angiography was scheduled for five months later....

  19. Graviditet i uteruscikatricen efter tidligere sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Kathrine Birch; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Krebs, Lone

    2010-01-01

    Rarely, but with increasing frequency, we detect pregnancies within the uterine scar of a prior Caesarean section. These ectopic pregnancies entail a risk of severe bleeding and uterine rupture, and thus constitute a threat to the pregnant woman's life, underlining the necessity of awareness about...

  20. Spontan bilateral ekstrauterin graviditet efter kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Jesper Friis; Ekelund, Charlotte; Settnes, Annette

    2015-01-01

    contralateral tube. The woman was readmitted three weeks later and had an additional salpingectomy on behalf of an unrecognized tubal pregnancy. Considering the rising caesarean section rates clinicians need to be certain of no additional ectopic pregnancy while performing the primary operation.......We describe a rare case of bilateral tubal pregnancy following natural conception in a woman with no other known risk factor than two former caesarean sections. Intraabdominal adhesions following the caesarean sections complicated the salpingectomy thus diminishing certainty of a healthy...

  1. Udvikling af posttraumatisk stress efter alvorlige arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, O; Rasmussen, K; Hansen, O N

    1999-01-01

    The diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) employed by the American DSM-IV from 1994 and ICD-10 from 1993 are reviewed. The literature concerning PTSD, with particular focus on PTSD in relation to occupational accidents, is discussed. A single epidemiological study...... of the occurrence of PTSD following serious nonfatal occupational accidents reports a one to two years prevalence of PTSD of 4.3%. Physicians and safety and health organisations within companies should be aware of the potential for the occurrence of acute and chronic stress conditions following occupational...

  2. Graviditet i uteruscikatricen efter tidligere sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Kathrine Birch; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Krebs, Lone

    2010-01-01

    these complications. Vaginal bleeding and/or mild to moderate lower abdominal pain are symptoms seen in half of the women. The diagnosis is made by sonography and criteria for these are listed. We here present the most recent studies on treatment strategies, follow-up and future fertility....

  3. Udvikling af posttraumatisk stress efter alvorlige arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, O; Rasmussen, K; Hansen, O N

    1999-01-01

    The diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) employed by the American DSM-IV from 1994 and ICD-10 from 1993 are reviewed. The literature concerning PTSD, with particular focus on PTSD in relation to occupational accidents, is discussed. A single epidemiological study...... of the occurrence of PTSD following serious nonfatal occupational accidents reports a one to two years prevalence of PTSD of 4.3%. Physicians and safety and health organisations within companies should be aware of the potential for the occurrence of acute and chronic stress conditions following occupational...... accidents, primarily with respect to providing supportive psychological treatment and social support aimed at preventing the development of chronic symptoms....

  4. Toksisk hepatitis efter indtagelse af kosttilskuddet purshianabark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claire; Semb, Synne; Kromann-Andersen, Hans

    2009-01-01

    Herbal medicinal products can cause toxic hepatitis. This case report presents a patient who developed severe toxic hepatitis with beginning liver failure following four weeks of consumption of the herbal medicinal product Cascara Sagrada. A similar case was reported from the United States. Cascara...... Sagrada is found in 30-40 herbal medicinal products in Denmark. We recommend that herbal medicinal products containing Cascara Sagrada be withdrawn from the market. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov...

  5. Aktivt induceret hypotermi efter svaer traumatisk hjerneskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grände, Per-Olof; Welling, Karen-Lise; Eskesen, Vagn

    2010-01-01

    A Cochrane metaanalysis and a study performed on children have recently confirmed that therapeutic hypothermia does not improve outcome after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI is not comparable to a short episode of global ischemia, where therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to improve...

  6. Graviditet efter Mustards operation for transpositio vasorum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pank, Marie; Larsen, Signe Holm; Sørensen, Keld

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Previously, the Mustard operation was the preferred surgical technique in patients with transposition of the great arteries. After this procedure the anatomical right ventricle remains the systemic ventricle, which entails long-term complications, especially heart failure. The Mustard....... MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information on diagnosis, procedure, functional status, pregnancy, delivery and congenital heart disease in the off-spring were found in registers (The National Register of Health, The National Birth Register) and in medical records. Questionnaires were mailed to the 16 surviving...... women over 15 years of age. RESULTS: Four women gave birth to nine children. Two women temporally had heart symptoms during pregnancy and delivery, but this caused no objective changes. The women who had children were older than those who did not. None of the children had congenital heart disease nor...

  7. Maksilrekonstruktion med stilket temporalislap efter maksillektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lambertsen, Karin; Bundgaard, Troels

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Removal of the maxilla requires adequate restoration of the maxillary structure to replace form and functions, especially vocal and eating functions. A host of reconstructive options are available to restore the maxilla, most of which include free-flap reconstruction. The aim of thi...... developed oro-nasal/antral fistula, witch were later closed using local flaps. CONCLUSION: The follow-up study of the 27 patients showed a most satisfactory result evaluated objectively as well as subjectively using the EORTC questionnaire. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug-17...... of the maxilla using pedicle temporalis muscle flap at the ENT department, Aarhus University Hospital. Follow-up was implemented in 2007. Twenty-seven of 28 patients alive at the time of the follow-up participated in the study. The patients were evaluated objectively as well as subjectively by answering...... the EORTC's standard questionnaire concerning quality of life and functional results. RESULTS: Few patients had complaints and these where mostly minor functional deficits. The most common complaints were slightly impaired mouth opening. One temporalis muscle flap necrotized and was removed. Three patients...

  8. Primaer brystrekonstruktion efter mastektomi for cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elberg, J J; Blichert-Toft, M; Drzewiecki, K T

    1995-01-01

    -coverage, a musculocutaneous transposition flap may be used. The aim of breast reconstruction is to prevent the psychosocial sequelae of mastectomy. From experiences with secondary reconstruction, it seems that the reconstruction especially helps correct loss of feminine identity and negative body-image. Certain...

  9. Primaer brystrekonstruktion efter mastektomi for cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elberg, J J; Blichert-Toft, M; Drzewiecki, K T

    1995-01-01

    Primary breast reconstruction in connection with mastectomy is a well-established procedure. The reconstruction may be carried out by the submuscular implantation of a prosthesis, in some cases preceded by tissue expansion. In situations where there is insufficient skin--or muscle-coverage, a mus......Primary breast reconstruction in connection with mastectomy is a well-established procedure. The reconstruction may be carried out by the submuscular implantation of a prosthesis, in some cases preceded by tissue expansion. In situations where there is insufficient skin--or muscle......-regional tumour reappearance do not seem to be affected by the reconstruction. In studies published to date, consisting of relatively small patient groups and short observation periods, numbers without relapse and overall survival are found to be equivalent to that following mastectomy without reconstruction....

  10. Resultater efter primaer stapedotomi ved otosklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wanscher, Jens; Grøntved, Aksel; Faber, Christian

    2009-01-01

    .8 dB to 31.4 dB), the bone conduction PTA (25.2 dB to 23,1 dB), air-bone gap (27.6 dB to 8.3 dB), and the speech reception threshold (44.8 dB to 22.5 dB). One operation (0.6%) resulted in severe sensory-neural hearing loss, while other types of complications were seen after 7,2% of the operations...... performed using small-fenester-technique in the period 1996-2005. Five experienced ear surgeons performed the operations. The surgeons were still in the learning phase with regard to otosclerosis surgery. RESULTS: A significant improvement was found regarding the air-conduction pure tone average (PTA) (52....... After thirteen operations (8.4%), reoperation was subsequently needed. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing primary otosclerosis surgery gained a significant hearing improvement. The results of this survey matched those of larger international and Danish studies. Experienced ear surgeons can perform...

  11. Akut monosymptomatisk anisokori efter skift af scopolaminplaster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenbæk, Jeppe Bakkestrøm

    2017-01-01

    , and neurological examinations were normal. Shortly before, she had removed a scopolamine (hyoscine) patch from a patient and had following inadvertently rubbed her eye. The symptoms remitted completely within 24 hours. Knowledge of this benign phenomenon is important in order to advise patients and caregivers when...... handling a scopolamine patch, and in order to avoid unnecessary investigations.......Acute monosymptomatic anisocoria after removing a scopolamine patch from a patient Acute anisocoria requires timely examination to rule out intracranial pathology. This case report describes a 34-year-old nurse who experienced blurred vision and unilateral mydriasis. She had no other complaints...

  12. Incidensen af tertiaer hyperparatyroidisme efter nyretransplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Tomas; Brixen, Kim T; Jespersen, Bente

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Tertiary hyperparathyroidism (3 degrees HPT) is a condition characterized by autonomous secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH) which develops as a consequence of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic renal failure. Severe cases of 3 degrees HPT are treated...

  13. Astmatisk senreaktion efter kontakt med epoxy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Authried, Georg; Al-Asadi, Haifaa; Møller, Ulla

    2013-01-01

    Epoxy resin is a low molecular weight agent, which can cause both acute and delayed allergic reactions. However, it is known causing skin reactions with direct or airborne contact. Rarely it can cause airway reactions like asthma bronchiale. We describe a case of a windmill worker who developed...... delayed asthma bronchiale due to airborne contact with epoxy resin....

  14. Lungeødem efter kontrastindgift som led i koronarangiografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plambech, Morten; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2012-01-01

    Adverse reactions to radiographic contrast media are relatively rare and occur with a frequency of 0.02-0.04%. We describe a case of isolated pulmonary oedema after computed tomography of the coronary arteries in a 51 year-old man. Initially anaphylaxis was suspected, but due to the clinical pict...

  15. Specialiserede tilbud til borgere med handicap - efter reformen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonfils, Inge Storgaard; Permin Berger, Nichlas

    Som en del af kommunalreformen fik kommunerne i 2007 det fulde ansvar for handicapområdet. AKF har i 2006-2010 undersøgt, hvilke forandringer brugere, medarbejdere og ledere på specialtilbuddene oplevede i forbindelse med reformen. Undersøgelsen viser, at brugerne kun har oplevet få eller ingen æ...

  16. Langtidskomplikationer efter injektion af permanent vaevsfylder i laeber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sneistrup, Christian; Hölmich, Lisbet Rosenkrantz; Dahlstrøm, Karin

    2009-01-01

    We present two cases with signs of infection and granulomas seen years after injection of permanent fillers to the lips. These side effects are difficult to treat. They resemble an immunological foreign body response and late-onset infection as well as granuloma and scaring depending on the subst...

  17. Letalt forløb efter overset fremmedlegeme i luftvejen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Karen Schow; Sommer, Jesper; Toft, Jan Green

    2012-01-01

    A 52-year-old previously healthy woman suffered death from choking. Asphyxia after aspiration of a foreign body is a well-known, but frequently overlooked cause of sudden death. We describe a case in which a foreign body in the airway was initially overlooked. Early recognition and treatment might...

  18. Lungeødem efter kontrastindgift som led i koronarangiografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plambech, Morten; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2012-01-01

    Adverse reactions to radiographic contrast media are relatively rare and occur with a frequency of 0.02-0.04%. We describe a case of isolated pulmonary oedema after computed tomography of the coronary arteries in a 51 year-old man. Initially anaphylaxis was suspected, but due to the clinical pict...... picture together with lack of response to treatment with adrenaline and lack of increase in the serum tryptase concentration an IgE mediated mechanism was less likely. The patient responded to non-invasive ventilation over three days. The mechanism behind the reaction is unknown....

  19. Rekonvalescens efter praeoperativ fysisk traening ved elektiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Michael; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Magnusson, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect...... in relation to abdominal or alloplastic surgery, whereas strength and coordination training prior to operation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postoperative movement function after reconstructive ligament surgery of the knee....

  20. Fasciitis necroticans efter artroskopi af præpatellar bursitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlesinger, NH; Friis-Møller, Alice; Hvolris, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening soft tissue infection in superficial and deep fascias. NF is most often caused by mixed aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. The treatment is early and aggressive surgical debridement, antibiotics and hyperbaric oxygen. In this case description, a nearly...... 60-year-old man developed NF after arthroscopic synovectomy of an infected prepatellar bursa. We stress the point that the endoscopic technique itself might be responsible for the spreading of bacteria to the fascias. This is a subject for further investigation Udgivelsesdato: 30. april...

  1. Akut kompartmentsyndrom efter total knæalloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arenkiel, Bjørn; Kjærgaard, Maj; Lauritsen, Anne Øberg

    2012-01-01

    and fasciotomy is important. We describe a case with a patient, who had undergone a total knee arthroplasty and after a postoperative period of 5,5 hours she developed extreme pain in the limb, below the operated knee. The diagnosis was confirmed by sonography, and an acute fasciotomy was performed....

  2. Den barokke guldalder - eller "Flaskens Længsel efter Proppen"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnet, Ragni

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen undersøger forholdet mellem det idealistiske, hegelinspirerede billedsyn, Heiberg gør sig til talsmand for i sine kunstteoretiske tekster og de værker, som kommer til syne når man følger hans smagsdomme op: et svulstigt, sanseligt og livsbekræftende, beskuerinddragende univers, langt fra...

  3. Rekonvalescens og sygemelding efter operation for hofte- og knaealloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Andersen, Karen V; Søballe, Kjeld

    2009-01-01

    Length of stay has been decreasing after total knee and hip arthroplasty (TKA and THA) in Denmark during recent years, and patients regain functional capacity faster - and it is therefore of importance to reevaluate the sick-leave period and recommendations given. The factors potentially influenc......Length of stay has been decreasing after total knee and hip arthroplasty (TKA and THA) in Denmark during recent years, and patients regain functional capacity faster - and it is therefore of importance to reevaluate the sick-leave period and recommendations given. The factors potentially...... influencing recovalescence are limited to pain, swelling, reduced range of motion, postoperative nausea and vomiting and sleep disturbances. This article evaluates these changes and gives recommendations with regard to sick leave and restrictions after operation. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  4. Anastomoselaekage efter lav anterior resektion for cancer recti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, S; Moesgaard, F A; Billesbølle, P

    1997-01-01

    the routine use of a peroperative leakage test and selective use of prophylactic ostomy in cases of unsatisfactory anastomosis. Furthermore, it is recommended that low anterior resection for rectal cancer is limited to few surgeons in each department in order to ensure a uniform quality and hopefully also......A series of 377 consecutive patients were operated upon with low anterior resection for rectal cancer in the nine Danish departments of surgical gastroenterology during 1992-1993. A retrospective analysis was carried out to calculate the frequency of anastomotic leakage and to evaluate factors...

  5. Kommunernes administrative lederskab efter kommunalreformen.Et kortfattet signalement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle

    I denne rapport er der først og fremmest tale om en beskrivende analyse af kommunernes administrative lederskab, suppleret med vurderinger og spørgsmål til diskussion. Hovedkonklusionerne af den beskrivende analyse er sammenfattet nedenfor. Social baggrund, køn og alder: Den gennemsnitlige...

  6. Gener efter behandling af almindeligt forekommende akutte øjenlidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogsgaard, M R; Danborg, L; Jensen, P

    1990-01-01

    was present. Patients with photoelectric conjunctivitis and conjunctivitis caused by chemical products had the shortest durations of symptoms. Patients with pain should be treated with analgesic tablets as the pain-relief after application of local anaesthetics was brief. Only half of those who had...

  7. HIV hos ældre kvinder efter udlandsrejse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Sanne; Thorsteinsson, Kristina; David, Kim Peter

    2016-01-01

    We report two cases of HIV infection among female travellers of older age. A Danish woman in her eighties was diagnosed with acute HIV infection after travelling to West Africa. A sexual history was not recorded before her third hospital visit. A West African woman in her seventies who had been...... living in Denmark for 40 years was diagnosed with advanced HIV after having been to West Africa for family visits. We want to emphasize that women of older age also have sex that may put them at risk of HIV, that febrile returning travellers should be tested for HIV, and that presence of HIV indicator...... diseases should lead to HIV testing....

  8. Tegnets tid. Fortid, historie og historicitet efter den sproglige vending

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Dorthe Gert

    I Tegnets tid undersøges nyeste videnskabsteoretiske strømninger og deres betydning for historisk forskning. Forfatteren anvender den franske filosof Jacques Derridas teorier til at nyformulere og genåbne hævdvundne problemstillinger i historien: fortidsbegrebet, fagets kildekritiske tradition og...

  9. Forbigående tab af balancefunktionen efter cochlear implantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid Korsager, Leise Elisabeth; Schmidt, Jesper; Faber, Christian

    2017-01-01

    Loss of vestibular function is a common side effect to cochlear implant (CI) surgery. We present a patient who experienced balance problems and showed a reduced vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain (0.47 ± 0.10) combined with saccades in the horizontal semicircular canals demonstrated by the video...

  10. Den tidlige rehabilitering efter 3 forskellige typer total hofte alloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Penny, Jeannette Østergaard; Overgaard, Søren; Ovesen, Ole

      Introduction: For patients in employment a fast rehabilitation is important. The reduced risk of dislocation when using a large-head metal-on-metal articulation theoretically offers a faster rehabilitation than a THA with a 28 mm articulation due to no restrictions. The larger surgical incision...

  11. Debut af arvelig metabolisk encefalopati kan ses efter neonatalperioden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Line Carøe; Rehman, Shazia; Lund, Allan Meldgaard

    2016-01-01

    Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder causing accumulation of the branched amino acids valin, isoleucin, leucin and their toxic metabolites resulting in ketoacidosis, progressive neurological deterioration and cerebral oedema. The classical form presents...

  12. Depression remitterede efter subaraknoidal hæmoragi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritsen, Lise; Vinberg, Maj

    2015-01-01

    A 65-year-old man was seen in a specialized ambulatory for mood disorders because of treatment-resistant depression. He was treated throughout a period of three years with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, dual action, lithium, nortriptyline, reboxetine, aripiprazole, benzodiazepines...

  13. Patienters viden om risikoen for hudcancer efter nyretransplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cramer, Elisabeth; Rasmussen, Knud; Jemec, Gregor B E

    2009-01-01

    and growing risk population. Careful information of the patient and prophylactic measures are thus strongly indicated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 110 kidney-transplanted patients in Region Sjaelland, Denmark. Patients were identified through Nephrology Departments. A total of 75......, 22 (29%) had received oral information prior to transplantation and 38 (51%) after transplantation. A total of nine (12%) patients had received written information prior to transplantation and 18 (24%) after. In all, 39 (53%) were well-informed on their increased risk of NMSC. Only four patients (5...... of photoprotection. Furthermore, the rate of examination by a dermatologist is very low. Both parameters could be improved by a structured plan for patient information and follow-up visits. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov-9...

  14. Uventet lang overlevelsestid efter accidentel nedsaenkning i koldt vand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mantoni, Teit; Belhage, Bo; Pott, Frank Christian

    2006-01-01

    In a recent boat accident, a 25-year-old yachting enthusiast fell overboard and survived for 24 hours in 17 degrees C water. Existing survival models are discussed in this case report. There is a discrepancy regarding survival probability amongst the various models. The calculated survival time f...... for the yachtsman ranges from 3 hours to more than 30 hours. A reliable survival-time model is needed to determine the appropriate search duration of rescue services. In this case, the majority of the models underestimated the actual survival time....

  15. Langtidskomplikationer efter injektion af permanent vaevsfylder i laeber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sneistrup, Christian; Hölmich, Lisbet Rosenkrantz; Dahlstrøm, Karin

    2009-01-01

    We present two cases with signs of infection and granulomas seen years after injection of permanent fillers to the lips. These side effects are difficult to treat. They resemble an immunological foreign body response and late-onset infection as well as granuloma and scaring depending on the subst......We present two cases with signs of infection and granulomas seen years after injection of permanent fillers to the lips. These side effects are difficult to treat. They resemble an immunological foreign body response and late-onset infection as well as granuloma and scaring depending...... on the substance injected. Steroid injections are indicated in case of granuloma, and antibiotics should be used when infection occurs, but surgical excision can be required. It is important to emphasize this condition in order to give patients proper advice prior to treatment and to recognize symptoms....

  16. Behandling af centralnervesystemlymfom efter transplantation med monoklonalt antistof og ganciclovir

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, P.B.; Al-Farra, G.

    2010-01-01

    A 35-year-old female was diagnosed with a primary central nervous system posttransplant Epstein-Barr-virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorder three years after a renal transplantation. The histological diagnosis of the brain tumour was a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient had had...... diabetes mellitus for 28 years and was treated with four weekly doses of the monoclonal antibody rituximab, the antiviral drug ganciclovir and high-dose prednisolone, and the immune suppression was reduced. After four weeks of treatment, a control magnetic resonance image showed complete regression...

  17. Menière-lignende symptomer efter meningeom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Morten; Klokker, Mads; Fugleholm, Kåre

    2010-01-01

    A 36-year-old woman who presented with a right sided hearing loss, tinnitus and attacks of dizziness was initially diagnosed with Ménière's disease. A meningioma was found along the posterior surface of the petrosal bone, centred partly on the external aperture of the vestibular aqueduct with no ......A 36-year-old woman who presented with a right sided hearing loss, tinnitus and attacks of dizziness was initially diagnosed with Ménière's disease. A meningioma was found along the posterior surface of the petrosal bone, centred partly on the external aperture of the vestibular aqueduct...

  18. Organisation og tidlige operationsresultater efter ileo-pouch-anal-anastomose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ljungmann, Ken; Bendixen, Anette; Laurberg, Søren

    2008-01-01

    . The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early outcomes (within 30 days after surgery) and organisation of IPAA surgery in Denmark between January 2001 and December 2005. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IPAA patients >18 years old were drawn from the Danish National Patient Registry from 2001 through 2005...

  19. Traumatisk knusning af keramisk ledhoved i hoftealloplastik efter fald

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalskov, Simone; Husted, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    head and revision surgery was performed. The course hereafter was uneventful. Biplanar early radiographs - and potentially a computed tomography - following direct trauma to a symptomatic total hip arthroplasty containing one or more ceramic components is recommended. Surgery should include change......A 68-year-old woman with a well functioning total hip arthroplasty fell down on her right hip. A month later, a crunching sound was heard and pain intensified. An initial frontal radiograph was insufficient for reaching a diagnosis but subsequent biplanar radiographs revealed a fragmented ceramic...... of both head and liner and a thorough total synovectomy....

  20. Rekonvalescens og sygemelding efter operation for hofte- og knaealloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Andersen, Karen V; Søballe, Kjeld

    2009-01-01

    Length of stay has been decreasing after total knee and hip arthroplasty (TKA and THA) in Denmark during recent years, and patients regain functional capacity faster - and it is therefore of importance to reevaluate the sick-leave period and recommendations given. The factors potentially influenc...

  1. Utilfredsstillende langtidsresultater efter konservativ behandling af patellofemoralt smertesyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathleff, Michael Skovdal; Rasmussen, Sten; Olesen, Jens Lykkegaard

    2012-01-01

    This review overviews the long-term prognosis of conservatively treated patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Median values of the 16 included studies show that 29% of soldiers, 27.8% of sports active and 24,7% of the general public will become pain free after they are diagnosed...

  2. Perforation af rectum med faekal peritonitis efter staplet haemorideoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beuke, Anna-Christina; Pedersen, Mark Ellebaek; Qvist, Niels

    2008-01-01

    Rectal perforation and faecal peritonitis after stapled operation for grade IV haemorrhoids is described. The complication is rare, but surgeons performing the procedure must be familiar with potential risk factors.......Rectal perforation and faecal peritonitis after stapled operation for grade IV haemorrhoids is described. The complication is rare, but surgeons performing the procedure must be familiar with potential risk factors....

  3. Kraftig eksplosion efter sammenblanding af salpetersyre og 2-propanol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedlund, Frank Huess

    2015-01-01

    Det er velkendt, at koncentreret salpetersyre reagerer med mange stoffer, ofte voldsomt, med varmeudvikling og frigivelse af giftige brune nitrøse gasser. Kun få er klar over, at det under særlige omstændigheder ved blanding med isopropylalkohol, eller andre alkoholer, kan udvikle raketbrændstof....

  4. Akut glaukom efter endarterektomi af arteria carotis interna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Klaerke, A

    2000-01-01

    A 71 year-old woman had 85% and 60% stenoses of the right and left internal carotid arteries, respectively. Right-sided endarterectomy was performed because of amaurosis fugax. Two days postoperatively, she developed classical symptoms and signs of acute glaucoma. Right-sided acute angle closure ...

  5. Anafylaktisk shock efter intradermal injektion af steroidpræparat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Martin Willy; Zachariae, Claus; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2015-01-01

    Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a derivative of cellulose found in many food products, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Allergy to CMC in parenteral corticosteroid preparations leading to anaphylaxis is rare, but has previously been reported. We report a case of a 52-year-old woman with prurigo nod...

  6. Anafylaktisk shock efter intradermal injektion af steroidpræparat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Martin Willy; Zachariae, Claus Otto Carl; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2015-01-01

    Anaphylactic shock after intradermal injection of corticosteroid Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a derivative of cellulose found in many food products, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Allergy to carboxymethylcellulose in parenteral corticosteroid preparations leading to anaphylaxis is rare, but has...

  7. Rekonvalescens efter praeoperativ fysisk traening ved elektiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Michael; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Magnusson, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect i...... in relation to abdominal or alloplastic surgery, whereas strength and coordination training prior to operation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postoperative movement function after reconstructive ligament surgery of the knee....

  8. Rekonvalescens efter praeoperativ fysisk traening ved elektiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Michael; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Magnusson, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect i...... in relation to abdominal or alloplastic surgery, whereas strength and coordination training prior to operation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postoperative movement function after reconstructive ligament surgery of the knee. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  9. Livskvalitet efter aortaklapoperation hos patienter > or = 75 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Rasa Skrupskelyte; Poulsen, Anja

    2010-01-01

    A growing number of elderly undergo surgery of the aortic valve. It is therefore important to investigate their postoperative course concerning quality of life.......A growing number of elderly undergo surgery of the aortic valve. It is therefore important to investigate their postoperative course concerning quality of life....

  10. Forum for godtgørelse efter urimelig opsigelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen behandler kompetenceafgrænsningen mellem domstolene og de fagretlige organer, som på det ansættelses- og arbejdsretlige område giver anledning til betydelige vanskeligheder. Der er inden for de seneste år afsagt en række domme om godtgørelseskrav for urimelig opsigelse, som bidrager til ...

  11. Et tilfaelde af tungiasis efter rejse i Kenya

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathe, Mathias; Rafn, Aase Cederlund; Poulsen, Thorkil

    2009-01-01

    Tungiasis is an ectoparasitic skin disease caused by infestation by the female sand flea, Tunga penetrans. Prevalence in endemic areas may reach 83%, while it is rare in non-endemic areas. However, an increase in international travel to and from the affected regions may lead to a rise in the numb...... of cases in non-endemic countries. We present a Danish case of tungiasis contracted during a trip to Kenya....

  12. Et tilfaelde af tungiasis efter rejse i Kenya

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathe, Mathias; Rafn, Aase; Poulsen, Thorkil

    2009-01-01

    Tungiasis is an ectoparasitic skin disease caused by infestation by the female sand flea, Tunga penetrans. Prevalence in endemic areas may reach 83%, while it is rare in non-endemic areas. However, an increase in international travel to and from the affected regions may lead to a rise in the numb...... of cases in non-endemic countries. We present a Danish case of tungiasis contracted during a trip to Kenya. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Mar-2...

  13. Anafylaktisk shock efter intradermal injektion af steroidpræparat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Martin Willy; Zachariae, Claus; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2015-01-01

    Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a derivative of cellulose found in many food products, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Allergy to CMC in parenteral corticosteroid preparations leading to anaphylaxis is rare, but has previously been reported. We report a case of a 52-year-old woman with prurigo...... nodularis of Hyde, who reacted with anaphylaxis after intradermal injection of Kenalog 40 mg/ml. Allergy testing showed a positive skin prick test for CMC and the patient was advised to avoid future parenteral exposure to CMC. This case highlights the need to examine excipients in severe cases of drug...

  14. Anafylaktisk shock efter intradermal injektion af steroidpræparat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Martin Willy; Zachariae, Claus Otto Carl; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2015-01-01

    Anaphylactic shock after intradermal injection of corticosteroid Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a derivative of cellulose found in many food products, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Allergy to carboxymethylcellulose in parenteral corticosteroid preparations leading to anaphylaxis is rare, but has...... previously been reported. We report a case of a 52-year-old woman with prurigo nodularis of Hyde, who reacted with anaphylaxis after intradermal injection of Kenalog 40 mg/ml. Allergy testing showed a positive skin prick test for CMC and the patient was advised to avoid future parenteral exposure to CMC...

  15. Sen migration af mesh til colon efter laparoskopisk hernieoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Martin; Bisgaard, Thue

    2014-01-01

    Long-term complications after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair with mesh reinforcement are not well documented in the literature. We describe a case of a 63-year-old woman with repeated hernia operations due to a ventral hernia, which ultimately was complicated with mesh migration...

  16. Klinisk hjertestop efter akut "direct current"-konvertering af atrieflagren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diederichsen, Axel Cosmus Pyndt; Christensen, Inge

    2003-01-01

    A rare case of clinical cardiac arrest after acute DC cardioversion is presented. The patient was a 64-year-old man with acute haemodynamically unstable atrial flutter. He was known to have had episodes of atrial flutter requiring DC cardioversion, and he was treated with propafenone (300 mg twic...

  17. Varde ljud! : Om skapande i skolans musikundervisning efter 1945

    OpenAIRE

    Strandberg, Tommy

    2007-01-01

    The study deals with creative music making in the compulsory comprehensive school’s music instruction. This is an educational effort and is carried out within the framework for the research area Educational work. The objective is, in investigations, steering documents, and teaching material, from 1945 and onwards, as well as through observations of classroom practice today, to describe the discourse about creative music making in music in the Swedish compulsory comprehensive school, and discu...

  18. Usurering af osteosyntesemateriale gennem øsofagus efter anterior cervikalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiis, Julie Therese; Nittby, Henrietta Carolina; Lauritsen, Anne Oberg

    2014-01-01

    The rare, potentially life-threatening complication to anterior cervical surgery, oesophageal perforation, occurs after surgical trauma or due to erosion by migrating hardware. Symptoms are hoarseness, dysphagia, neck/throat pain, subcutaneous emphysema and fever. Imaging and endoscopic diagnosis...

  19. Behandling af centralnervesystemlymfom efter transplantation med monoklonalt antistof og ganciclovir

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, P.B.; Al-Farra, G.

    2010-01-01

    A 35-year-old female was diagnosed with a primary central nervous system posttransplant Epstein-Barr-virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorder three years after a renal transplantation. The histological diagnosis of the brain tumour was a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient had had...

  20. Psykiatrilovens krav om samtaler efter tvang efterleves ikke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asp, Stina; Wang, August G; Wium-Andersen, Ida

    2013-01-01

    . A significant rise in the number of effectuated ICs was demonstrated. The patients' contentment underwent no change. The majority of the coercive measures were not followed by an IC. At the next audit of the psychiatric legislation we will suggest an adjustment of the paragraphs concerning ICs....

  1. Ætsningsskade efter accidentiel indtagelse af vortefjernemiddel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voorde, Pia Ten; Asklund, Camilla; Venzo, Alessandro

    2014-01-01

    was administered five drops of monochloroacetic acid orally as a result of mistaking a bottle of D-vitamin with a bottle of acid for the removal of warts. She suffered a mild poisoning, chemical burns and required intubation due to oedema of the upper airways, but no long-term effects....

  2. Langtidskomplikationer efter injektion af permanent vaevsfylder i laeber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sneistrup, Christian; Hölmich, Lisbet Rosenkrantz; Dahlstrøm, Karin

    2009-01-01

    We present two cases with signs of infection and granulomas seen years after injection of permanent fillers to the lips. These side effects are difficult to treat. They resemble an immunological foreign body response and late-onset infection as well as granuloma and scaring depending on the subst......We present two cases with signs of infection and granulomas seen years after injection of permanent fillers to the lips. These side effects are difficult to treat. They resemble an immunological foreign body response and late-onset infection as well as granuloma and scaring depending...... on the substance injected. Steroid injections are indicated in case of granuloma, and antibiotics should be used when infection occurs, but surgical excision can be required. It is important to emphasize this condition in order to give patients proper advice prior to treatment and to recognize symptoms...

  3. Hjertestop induceret af vasospastisk angina pectoris efter vaginalt administreret misoprostol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Matthesen, Terese; Olsen, Rasmus Huan; Bosselmann, Helle Skovmand

    2017-01-01

    A 41-year-old woman developed cardiac arrest after administration of misoprostol in order to induce an abortion. She was successfully resuscitated. Coronary angiography revealed coronary artery spasm which responded to nitroglycerine. Misoprostol is first-line treatment for medically induced...

  4. Fasciitis necroticans efter artroskopi af præpatellar bursitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlesinger, NH; Friis-Møller, Alice; Hvolris, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening soft tissue infection in superficial and deep fascias. NF is most often caused by mixed aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. The treatment is early and aggressive surgical debridement, antibiotics and hyperbaric oxygen. In this case description, a nearly...

  5. Anafylaktisk shock efter intradermal injektion afsteroidpræparat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Martin Willy; Zachariae, Claus; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2015-01-01

    Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a derivative of cellulose found in many food products, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Allergy to CMC in parenteral corticosteroid preparations leading to anaphylaxis is rare, but has previously been reported. We report a case of a 52-year-old woman with prurigo...

  6. Rutinemaessig second look-endoskopi efter blodende ulcus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burgdorf, S.K.; Adamsen, S.; Rosenberg, J.

    2008-01-01

    Treatment of peptic duodenal and gastric ulcers has improved in efficiency and become less invasive. There is still a considerable risk of re-bleeding (15-20%) and the mortality remains high (5-14%). A Danish study from 2000 showed that scheduled second look endoscopy (SLE) the day after the prim......Treatment of peptic duodenal and gastric ulcers has improved in efficiency and become less invasive. There is still a considerable risk of re-bleeding (15-20%) and the mortality remains high (5-14%). A Danish study from 2000 showed that scheduled second look endoscopy (SLE) the day after...

  7. Hvad skete der med arbejdstiden i Folkeskolen efter Ok13?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Nana Wesley

    2017-01-01

    Lovindgrebet i lærerkonflikten i 2013 ændrede fundamentalt på arbejdstiden på landets Folkeskoler. Flere kommuner har dog siden indgået lokale arbejdstidsaftaler med lærerne. En ny undersøgelse fra FAOS tegner et billede af udviklingen....

  8. Bilateral suprapubisk abscesdannelse fem år efter inkontinensoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Lenette; Sander, Pia; Lose, Gunnar

    2009-01-01

    recovery. As opposed to the macroporous types (e.g. tension-free vaginal tape), the microporous structure of the IVS-sling causes a higher rate of erosion and infection. Complete sling removal is important in case of IVS-complications. The monitoring of complications related to new medical devices......This report presents a case of vaginal erosion and bilateral suprabupic abscesses five years after insertion of an intravaginal slingplasty (IVS) midurethral incontinence sling in a 53-year-old female patient. Partial removal was insufficient. After complete removal, the patient achieved full...

  9. Akut glaukom efter endarterektomi af arteria carotis interna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Klaerke, A

    2000-01-01

    A 71 year-old woman had 85% and 60% stenoses of the right and left internal carotid arteries, respectively. Right-sided endarterectomy was performed because of amaurosis fugax. Two days postoperatively, she developed classical symptoms and signs of acute glaucoma. Right-sided acute angle closure...... glaucoma was diagnosed by tonometry and gonioscopy, and treated with laser-iridectomy. The patient was discharged two days later without neurological or ophthalmological deficits. Manifest acute glaucoma postoperatively seems never to have been reported. However, the choroid is not autoregulated...

  10. Uventet lang overlevelsestid efter accidentel nedsaenkning i koldt vand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mantoni, Teit; Belhage, Bo; Pott, Frank Christian

    2006-01-01

    In a recent boat accident, a 25-year-old yachting enthusiast fell overboard and survived for 24 hours in 17 degrees C water. Existing survival models are discussed in this case report. There is a discrepancy regarding survival probability amongst the various models. The calculated survival time...

  11. Prognosen efter kurativ resektion af øvre gastrointestinal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fristrup, Claus Wilki; Kjærulf Pless, Torsten; Nielsen, Henning Overgaard

    2008-01-01

    -term survival after curative resections for these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients referred for treatment of cancer of the oesophagus, stomach or pancreas were prospectively included. Data were registered with regard to pre-therapeutic examination and operative results. Deceased patients were found...... by comparison with the Danish Central Personal Register in January 2007. RESULTS: A total of 398 patients were included, of whom 164 were found to be possibly resectable. In total 118 (30%) patients underwent complete surgical resection. The median survival period for patients with oesophageal cancer, stomach......INTRODUCTION: Cancer in the upper gastrointestinal tract has a poor prognosis and the best results are obtained by the few resectable patients. Earlier studies indicated that Danish survival might be inferior to that of other Scandinavian countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long...

  12. Megaduodenum og obstipation efter operation for kongenit tyndtarmsatresi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karstensen, John; Raahave, Dennis; Kirkegaard, Preben

    2011-01-01

    A 33 year-old female presented with constipation and a right-sided palpable abdominal mass, suspected to be the colon. The colonic transit time was prolonged, but the dilated organ was a mega duodenum that had developed after surgery for three jejunal atresies performed one day after birth....... The colon was malrotated, being situated to the left of the columna. Renewed resection surgery was uneventful, and after such surgery the constipation receded and the colonic transit time returned to normal....

  13. Sequelae og død efter pneumokokmeningitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsholm, Jakob; Kristensen, Rasmus Nygård; Heslop, Anders

    2009-01-01

    to an annual incidence of 11.7/mill. The mean age was 36.6 years (range: four days - 80 years) and the mean duration from debut of acute otitis media (AOM) to admission was three days. Twenty three percent had received antibiotics prior to admission. The most common symptoms were fever and affected...... and sequelae. Affected consciousness was a significant prognostic factor. The mortality rate was four times higher among adults than among children. Mastoidectomy was performed in 56% of adults without any significant influence on the outcome. Based on the presented results it appears relevant to treat cases...

  14. Funktionel mitralinsufficiens efter His-ablation og pacemakerimplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Janna; Gill, Sabine

    2012-01-01

    We describe the case of a 63 year-old patient with normal ejection fraction and trivial mitral regurgitation, who developed severe functional mitral incompetence (FMI) with pulmonary oedema the day after uncomplicated His ablation and implantation of VVI pacemaker. Mitral annuloplasty was performed...

  15. Rekonvalescens og sygemelding efter operation for hofte- og knaealloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Andersen, Karen V; Søballe, Kjeld

    2009-01-01

    influencing recovalescence are limited to pain, swelling, reduced range of motion, postoperative nausea and vomiting and sleep disturbances. This article evaluates these changes and gives recommendations with regard to sick leave and restrictions after operation. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  16. 16-årig kvinde med multiorgandysfunktion efter HELLP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wulff Hauritz, Rasmus; Køhler, Flemming; Jørgensen, Jan Stener

    2010-01-01

    of hypovolaemic shock. Blood sample values were critical and the patient was diagnosed with HELLP with DIC. She developed liver shock with encephalopathy and acute renal failure. Her condition stabilized on the 8th day of admission and the woman was extubated on the 16th day. She was discharged without......HELLP is a syndrome with haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and thrombocytopenia. It occurs in 1 to 6 per 1,000 parturient. Approximately 10% of the cases occur post partum. A 16-year-old woman delivered twins in the 34th gestational week. During the following hours, she developed symptoms...

  17. Atypisk debutsymptom i form af perifer emboli efter stumt myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jakob; Taskiran, Mustafa; Nielsen, Tonni

    2012-01-01

    We report a case with peripheral embolisation as the primary symptom of a painless myocardial infarction with left ventricular mural thrombosis. The patient was suffering from severe pain in his leg due to arterial occlusion. Subsequent electrocardiography and echocardiography documented severe...... damage to the left ventricle and a big motile mural thrombosis. A coronary angiography showed subtotal occlusion of the left descending artery. Patients presenting with peripheral thromboembolic episodes should be examined for cardiac cause even in the absence of cardiac symptoms....

  18. Livet efter en ulykke: Arbejdsliv og forsørgelse efter en ulykke, som blev vurderet i arbejdsskadestyrelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bach, Henning Bjerregaard

    Denne rapport beskriver arbejdsliv, indkomst og helbred i 2007 for personer, der har været ude for en ulykke i deres fritid. Den viser, at de, der mister mere end 15 pct. af deres erhvervsevne, oplever en markant forringelse af deres livskvalitet. Og den viser, at muligheden for at opretholde sam...

  19. Tidlig intensiv rehabilitering efter meget svaer traumatisk hjerneskade. Opfølgning seks måneder efter udskrivelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liebach, Annette; Nordenbo, Annette Mosbaek; Engberg, Aase Worsaae

    2007-01-01

    In September 2000 the Brain Injury Unit at Hvidovre Hospital was established, offering subacute intensive rehabilitation to patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Uptake area: Eastern part of Denmark, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Outcome 6 months after discharge is presented for patient...

  20. Modelo dinámico de pala de aeroturbina para ensayo a fatiga en planta: Modelo MPT; Consideraciones a la Estimacióndel Riesgo de Contaminación Ambiental por Blow Out en Proyectos de Perforación de Sondeos Exploratorios Offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arias Vega, F.

    2015-07-01

    A simple model of wind turbine blade in horizontal arragement and tightly screwed at its end,for the analysis of its vertical oscillatory motion with a view to fatigue testing, is presented in this report. The model called MPT, is very simple and consists of a mechanism with a single degree of freedom. It also allows to place different test gadgets above the blade and see the overall behavior as a whole fora given test. The conclusions of the dynamic model are satisfactory and useful to predict or estimate future dynamic behaviors of the blade, in a subsequent actual vibration or fatigue test. This publication describes what really is most important with a view to greater simplicity and comprehensibility.

  1. Pulmonale cyster kan være en sjælden komplikation i forbindelse med kronisk infektion med humant papillomvirus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laurberg, Peter Thaysen; Weinreich, Ulla Møller

    2014-01-01

    . The patient responded well to antibiotics. A body plethysmography showed small lung volumes and low diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide, but normal volume diffusion capacity divided by alveolar volume. Pulmonary cystic disease should be considered when patients with JLP have symptoms of pneumonia....

  2. Magnet discolation - An increasing and serious complication following MRI in patients with chochlear implants; Magnetdiskolation - eine zunehmende und folgenreiche Komplikation nach MRT bei Patienten mit Cochlea Implantat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hassepass, F.; Staubenau, V.; Arndt, S.; Beck, R.; Grauvogel, T.; Aschendorff, A. [Univ. Medical Center Freiburg (Germany). Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery; Bulla, S. [Univ. Medical Center Freiburg (Germany). Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology

    2014-07-15

    Cochlear implantation (CI) represents the gold standard in the treatment of children born deaf and postlingually deafened adults. Initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was contraindicated in CI users. Meanwhile, there are specific recommendations concerning MRI compatibility depending on the type of CI system and the device manufacturer. Some CI systems are even approved for MRI with the internal magnet left in place. The aim of this study was to analyze all magnet revision surgeries in CI patients at one CI center and the relationship to MRI scans over time. Between 2000 and 2013, a total of 2027 CIs were implanted. The number of magnet dislocation (MD) surgeries and their causes was assessed retrospectively. In total 12 cases of MD resulting from an MRI scan (0.59 %) were observed, accounting for 52.2 % of all magnetic revision surgeries. As per the labeling, it was considered safe to leave the internal magnet in place during MRI while following specific manufacturer recommendations: MRI intensity of 1.5 Tesla (T) and compression head bandage during examination. A compression head bandage in a 1.5 T MRI unit does not safely prevent MD and the related serious complications in CI recipients. We recommend a Stenvers view radiograph after MRI with the internal magnet in place for early identification of MD, at least in the case of pain during or after MRI examination. MRI in CI patients should be indicated with restraint and patients should be explicitly informed about the possible risks. Recommendations regarding MRI compatibility and the handling of CI patients issued with MRI for the most common CI systems are summarized.

  3. Mænd med rejsningsbesvær efter radikal prostatektomi bør behandles efter sædvanlige retningslinjer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fode, Mikkel; Hansen, Rikke Bølling; Maigaard, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Penile rehabilitation programmes aim to improve long-term sexual function after nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy. Programmes aim to improve cavernous oxygenation to avoid structural damage in penile tissue. Especially, daily use of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors has been studied. T......, urethral suppositories and penile implants....

  4. Mænd med rejsningsbesvær efter radikal prostatektomi bør behandles efter sædvanlige retningslinjer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fode, Mikkel; Hansen, Rikke Bølling; Maigaard, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Penile rehabilitation programmes aim to improve long-term sexual function after nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy. Programmes aim to improve cavernous oxygenation to avoid structural damage in penile tissue. Especially, daily use of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors has been studied. T......, urethral suppositories and penile implants....

  5. Langvarige neuropsykiatriske bivirkninger efter meflochinprofylakse. Et seks måneder varende tilfaelde opstået efter seks ugers brug

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bygbjerg, I C; Rønn, A M

    1999-01-01

    Neuropsychiatric side-effects from mefloquine are well known. When used for prophylaxis, the side-effects have been claimed to be relatively rare, mild and transient, most often arising within two to three weeks, and in patients with a previous history of neuropsychiatric disorders. We here...... describe a case of severe neuropsychiatric side-effects arising six weeks after initiating mefloquine prophylaxis, requiring repeated hospitalization, and not resolving completely after six months, in a previously healthy 30 year-old female. Udgivelsesdato: 1999-Mar-8...

  6. Perforeret sinus maxillaris efter fald mod nøddeknækker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rye Rasmussen, Eva; Arndal, Helge; Larsen, Per Leganger

    2011-01-01

    We present a case of open fracture of maxillary sinus following fall against a nutcracker. The only pathological findings were a small wound and subcutaneous emphysema in the front of and behind the right maxillary sinus. There was no flattening of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus...

  7. Auditorisk rytmestøttet gangtræning efter erhvervet hjerneskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hald, Søren Vester

    2016-01-01

    Patienter med erhvervet hjerneskade, Parkinsons sygdom og andre neurologiske sygdomme har ofte behov for genoptræning af gangfunktionen. I artiklen beskrives, hvordan man med en smartphone og apps kan finde musik i det rigtige tempo, så den kan benyttes til at træne patienternes gangfunktion. Hvis...

  8. Tranexamsyre reducerer blodtabet efter større elektive ortopædkirurgiske operationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eschen, Camilla Tofte; Tengberg, Peter Toft; Husted, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    surgery as an antifibrinolytic agent. Several studies within the orthopaedic fields have underlined the effect of the drug in reducing blood loss and need for transfusions. However, more studies are needed to examine the optimal dosage and administration along with the risks associated with the drug....

  9. Kaj Anderssons Morgonbris : kvinnopress, trettiotal och längtan efter fri tid

    OpenAIRE

    Ekstrand, Eva

    2007-01-01

    In the 1930s the Swedish homes were modernized through a series of social reforms. As a result of this, time was expected to be released from the housewife’s daily domestic duties and the question was what to do with this time. In this dissertation the concept of time is used in the sense of free time as time for free thinking. The time issue during the thirties is an underlying question throughout the study. The magazine Morgonbris (1904-), a political campaign journal published by the socia...

  10. Trichinosis efter indtagelse af kød importeret fra Polen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Cunha-Bang, Caspar; Lunding, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    Infection with trichinellosis is acquired through consumption of raw or insufficiently processed meat which is contaminated with infectious Trichinella species. This parasitic infection is rare in Denmark. In June 2007, a Danish woman was diagnosed with trichinellosis after ingesting a Polish tea...... sausage. The case was later linked to a Polish outbreak comprising over 200 persons. The infection can range from being asymptomatic to fatal, depending on the infective load and response of the host. Treatment with antihelminthic drugs and steroids can be indicated, depending on symptoms and time...

  11. Trichinosis efter indtagelse af kød importeret fra Polen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cunha-Bang, Caspar da; Lunding, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    Infection with trichinellosis is acquired through consumption of raw or insufficiently processed meat which is contaminated with infectious Trichinella species. This parasitic infection is rare in Denmark. In June 2007, a Danish woman was diagnosed with trichinellosis after ingesting a Polish tea...... sausage. The case was later linked to a Polish outbreak comprising over 200 persons. The infection can range from being asymptomatic to fatal, depending on the infective load and response of the host. Treatment with antihelminthic drugs and steroids can be indicated, depending on symptoms and time...... of diagnosis. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug-10Infection with trichinellosis is acquired through consumption of raw or insufficiently processed meat which is contaminated with infectious Trichinella species. This parasitic infection is rare in Denmark. In June 2007, a Danish woman was diagnosed with trichinellosis...

  12. Spinocellulært karcinom opstået ved cikatrice efter Calmette-vaccination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Maria; Andersen, F.; Salskov-Iversen, Maria Luise

    2014-01-01

    Marjolin's ulcer is an aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) found in chronically inflamed skin. SCC has been reported in smallpox vaccination sites, whereas basal cell carcinomas are more common in scar after bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. A 72-year-old man presented with a chronic...... ulcer at the site of his childhood BCG vaccination. At the time of examination, a 3 x 1.5 cm fleshy and secreting ulcer was found on the shoulder. Biopsy revealed SCC, and the tumour was surgically removed. In conclusion, chronic ulcers, especially those originating in chronically inflamed skin, should...

  13. To tilfaelde af neonatal meningitis efter indførelse af nyt gentamicinregime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Anne Sofie; Fenger-Grøn, Jesper; Møller, Jens Kjølseth

    2016-01-01

    Neonates with suspected or proven sepsis are treated with ampicillin and until recently with 5 mg gentamicin/kg every 24 h. New guidelines recommend the same gentamicin dose, but with longer intervals depending on gestational age. Two neonates receiving gentamicin every 48 h improved initially, b...

  14. Dansk Kolinesterase Kartotek udreder patienter med forlænget paralyse efter suxamethon og mivacurium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskildsen, Katrine Zwicky; Gätke, Mona Ring

    2015-01-01

    The Danish Cholinesterase Research Unit (DCRU) is a nationwide unit for patients carrying mutations in the butyrylcholinesterase enzyme (BChE). BChE hydrolyzes the neuromuscular blocking drugs succinylcholine and mivacurium. Patients with mutations in the butyrylcholinesterase gene are at risk of...... of experiencing a prolonged effect of the drugs, such as weakness or paralysis for hours. In order to diagnose the referred patients correctly, DCRU combines results such as BChE activity, genotyping, pedigree and clinical reactions to succinylcholine or mivacurium....

  15. Tunge- og stemmebåndsparese efter endotrakeal intubation for Legionella-pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønnichsen, Rikke; Lauritsen, Anne Oberg

    2013-01-01

    Extracranial involvement of the hypoglossal nerve and recurrent laryngeal branch of the vagal nerve can be a complication of anaesthetic airway management (Tapia's syndrome) or focal involvement due to Legionella infection. We present a patient with bilateral hypoglossal and unilateral recurrent ...

  16. Dansk Kolinesterase Kartotek udreder patienter med forlænget paralyse efter suxamethon og mivacurium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskildsen, Katrine Zwicky; Gätke, Mona Ring

    2014-01-01

    The Danish Cholinesterase Research Unit (DCRU) is a nationwide unit for patients carrying mutations in the butyrylcholinesterase enzyme (BChE). BChE hydrolyzes the neuromuscular blocking drugs succinylcholine and mivacurium. Patients with mutations in the butyrylcholinesterase gene are at risk of...... of experiencing a prolonged effect of the drugs, such as weakness or paralysis for hours. In order to diagnose the referred patients correctly, DCRU combines results such as BChE activity, genotyping, pedigree and clinical reactions to succinylcholine or mivacurium....

  17. Grådigheden efter konstant at være på

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holdt Christensen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Nærvær. Selv om vi ikke altid tænker over det, er vores konstante digitale tilstedeværelse derfor ikke kun noget der viser, at jeg er digital tilgængelig, til rådighed og fuldstændig opdateret om, hvad der sker i verden. Den risikerer også at gøre det surt for andre. Selv om det sociale fællesskab...

  18. Komplikationer efter anlæggelse og tilbagelægning af loopileostomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El-Hussuna, Alaa; Bülow, Steffen; Lauritsen, Morten

    2011-01-01

    A protective loop ileostomy is used to reduce the incidence and consequences of anastomotic failure following colorectal resection. Closure of a loop ileostomy is associated with low mortality but many studies have demonstrated high morbidity rates. The aim of this review is to examine the existing...

  19. Senbivirkninger efter kurativt anlagt strålebehandling for prostata cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fokdal, Lars; Høyer, Morten

    2005-01-01

    In this study we report late bladder, gastrointestinal and sexual       dysfunctions in 23 patients following radical radiotherapy       (66Gy-70Gy/33-35fx, 5 fx/week) for prostate cancer. We interviewed the       subjects by telephone and compared the results with those of 45 healthy       popul......In this study we report late bladder, gastrointestinal and sexual       dysfunctions in 23 patients following radical radiotherapy       (66Gy-70Gy/33-35fx, 5 fx/week) for prostate cancer. We interviewed the       subjects by telephone and compared the results with those of 45 healthy...

  20. Kan strategien for primaer sundhedstjeneste genoplives 30 år efter Alma-Ata?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Stine; Probst, Helene Bilsted; Bygbjerg, Ib

    2010-01-01

    Thirty years ago the Alma-Ata declaration on primary health care was developed. Implementation has been compounded by inadequate financing, changing disease patterns and immature health systems, and there is an ongoing discussion between selective and comprehensive primary health care supporters....... Globally, child mortality for under-five-year-olds has been reduced by 50%, but there are still large regional differences. This year the WHO development report is about revitalisation of the primary health care strategy. Recognition of this strategy may be the best instrument to improve health globally....

  1. Akut koronarangiografi er indiceret ved ST-elevation efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Møller, Jacob Eifer

    2013-01-01

    be offered to patients with a high likelihood of thrombotic coronary lesions, i.e. patients with ST-segment elevation in electrocardiogram (ECG) following resuscitation. This article suggests a triage and referral based on electronic transmission of ECG and teleconference with specialized centres in all...

  2. Fingermetastase fra brystkræft efter fingerkøling ved adjuverende kemoterapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brygger, Louise; Cold, Søren

    2015-01-01

    A woman was referred to adjuvant chemotherapy after radical mastectomy. Frozen gloves were used to prevent onycholysis and neurotoxicity. Because of rapid progression of the cancer she received palliative chemotherapy. Shortly after she presented with growing subungual inflammation, first suspected...... to be a felon, but later diagnosed as a metastasis. Acrometastasis is very rare and is often mistaken for infection. The learning point is to consider acrometastasis when treatment for felon fails in patients with a history of cancer. A possible relationship between frozen gloves and acrometastasis cannot...

  3. Tyske våben og øvrige udrustning i Danmark efter 2. verdenskrig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertel Rasmussen, Peter

    2016-01-01

    When the Second World War ended in May 1945 the German armed forces left a very large stock of weapons and military equipment in Denmark. For the Danish army this presented a welcome opportunity to used left German arms and military equipment for a limited period in the training of the first Danish...... army units, established in the summer of 1945. However, the Potsdam agreements from August 1945 stipulated that all German arms and military equipment be destroyed in order to prevent the re-emergence of a new German weapons industry. On that basis the British Military Mission in Denmark requested...... the Danish authorities to destroy the entire stock of German arms and military equipment in Denmark. This request created serious problems for both the Danish politicians and the Danish Army; the German Wehrmacht had robbed to Danish Army of all its weapons and other military equipment during the occupation...

  4. Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base - en status efter Kommissionens direktiv-forslag

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Martin; Hansen, Søren Jesper

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen foretager en overordnet gennemgang af direktiv-forslaget om CCCTB og præsenterer i den forbindelse flere af de væsentligste muligheder og konsekvenser i relation til beskatning af selskaber inden for EU....

  5. Coarctatio aortae: 40 års opfølgning efter kirurgisk korrektion - sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høimyr, Hilde; Pedersen, Thais A L; Christensen, Thomas D

    2009-01-01

    Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) was previously considered cured after surgical repair. Among 229 patients operated for CoA in Aarhus between 1965 and 1985, 14 died at surgery and 35 died during 20-40 years of follow-up, mainly due to cardiovascular disease. The mortality among CoA patients was 4...

  6. Cerebral absces med Vibrio cholerae non-01 efter badning i dansk havvand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Trine Torp; Nielsen, Xiaohui Chen; Olsen, Katharina Elisabeth Pribil

    2012-01-01

    We present the first case of intracerebral abscess after blood-borne infection with non-toxigenic Vibrio cholerae (non-01). The patient was a 66 year-old woman who was infected after swimming in Danish seawater during an unusually hot summer. She had predisposing haemochromatosis and a skin lesion...

  7. Komplet remission af højmalignt lymfom i ventriklen efter eradikation af Helicobacter pylori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høeg, Rasmus Tetens; Skau, Anne-Marie; Nørgaard, Peter

    2011-01-01

    . The recommended treatment of DLBCL is chemotherapy followed by involved-field irradiation. However, small prospective trials have shown high rates of complete remission after eradication of H. pylori alone and this treatment is an option in patients of advanced age or with severe co-morbidities.......A 91 year-old man was found to have diffuse large cell B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), localized to the stomach. Because of his age, his only treatment was anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy. He achieved a complete remission, and six months after the initial presentation, there were no signs of recurrence...

  8. Trichinosis efter indtagelse af kød importeret fra Polen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Cunha-Bang, Caspar; Lunding, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    Infection with trichinellosis is acquired through consumption of raw or insufficiently processed meat which is contaminated with infectious Trichinella species. This parasitic infection is rare in Denmark. In June 2007, a Danish woman was diagnosed with trichinellosis after ingesting a Polish tea...

  9. Håndtering af keratitis efter laserbehandling adskiller sig fra almindelig keratitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Shakil; Ahmed, Hassan Javed; Holm, Lars Morten

    2014-01-01

    Keratitis after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is rare and challenging as patients may present with mild symptoms and initial management differs significantly. Post-LASIK keratitis is usually due to gram-positive bacteria or opportunistic/atypical microorganisms located beneath the corneal...... flap. Due to relative protective interface location it is necessary to lift the corneal flap for cultures and antibiotic irrigation. The case report demonstrates that post-LASIK keratitis requires prompt referral to ophthalmology department as correct initial management is pivotal for good visual...

  10. Svær dehydrering hos nyfødt efter ambulant fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøstesen, Lisbeth Marianne; Fenger-Grøn, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    in Denmark. The case emphasizes the necessity of a sufficient safety net beneath the newborn children in order to minimise the risk of breast-feeding problems and re-hospitalizing. Neonatal problems such as marked weight loss, dehydration, hypernatremia and marked jaundice are potentially preventable....

  11. Hvad skal vi se efter i mundhulen--og hvad kan vi gøre?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dabelsteen, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Patients present with symptoms of the oral cavity at their general practitioner (GP). As a general rule, the GP should refer the patient to a dentist for diagnosis and treatment. However, treatment of acute infections can be started by the GP. In the present paper, the diagnosis and treatment...

  12. Overlevelse og dødsårsager efter traumatisk rygmarvsskade. Et epidemiologisk langtidsstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartkopp, P A; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Seidenschnur, A M

    1998-01-01

    Life expectancy among individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI) has remained lower than normal, even with optimal medical management. But improvement has been achieved, as shown by this study of an unselected population of survivors of traumatic SCI, dead or still living. There has been complete...... follow-up over four decades. The survey included a total of 888 individuals who had survived the injury and were rehabilitated at the Centre for the Spinal Cord Injured, East-Denmark between 1.1.1953-31.12.1990. At the end of the follow-up, 31st of December 1992, 236 had died. The most common causes...

  13. Livstruende underernæring efter gastrisk bypass behandlet med reetablering af normal tarmanatomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Inge Marie; Hansen, Dorte Lindqvist; Grønbæk, Karin Elmegård

    2014-01-01

    reverting the stomach and small intestine into normal anatomy and it was performed without complications so the condition resolved. The malnutrition was probably caused by a mixture of an eating disorder and the effects of the operation influencing gut hormones. It is important to handle this category...

  14. Udvikling af refraktaert vasodilatorisk shock og permanent høretab efter svaer lithiumforgiftning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plenge, Ulla; Møller, Ann M

    2008-01-01

    organ dysfunction ceased. The patient survived with marked loss of hearing, tinnitus and vertigo as the only sequelae. We discuss the mechanism of lithium's inhibitory effect on the phosphoinositide cascade as the possible explanation for the vasodilatory shock as well as the hearing deficiency....

  15. Udvikling af refraktaert vasodilatorisk shock og permanent horetab efter svaer lithiumforgiftning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moller, A.M.; Plenge, Ulla

    2008-01-01

    organ dysfunction ceased. The patient survived with marked loss of hearing, tinnitus and vertigo as the only sequelae. We discuss the mechanism of lithium's inhibitory effect on the phosphoinositide cascade as the possible explanation for the vasodilatory shock as well as the hearing deficiency...

  16. Arteriovenøs fistel med objektiv tinnitus efter fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Jacob; Katholm, Morten; Cortsen, Marie

    2011-01-01

    This case-report describes an otherwise healthy younger woman with post partum onset of objective pulsatile tinnitus. Neuroradiological examination revealed a dural fistula that was later closed using endovascular coiling technique, after which the patient's tinnitus disappeared. At 6-month follow......-up the patient was symptom-free. This case report emphasises the importance of examining for objective tinnitus in patients complaining of tinnitus, as the causes of objective pulsatile tinnitus can frequently be treated successfully....

  17. Unge hørehæmmede efter Frijsenborg Efterskole. Delrapport 4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Niels-Henrik Møller

    Denne rapport beskriver resultaterne af en spørgeskemaundersøgelse blandt tidligere elever på Frijsenborg Efterskole. Fælles for eleverne, der deltager i undersøgelsen, er, at de alle har et høretab. Vores mål med undersøgelsen og denne rapport er at belyse, hvordan det går med de hørehæmmede ele...

  18. Systemisk prokinetisk behandling af postoperativ ileus efter abdominalkirurgi. Gennemgang af et Cochrane-review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holte, Kathrine

    2010-01-01

    Based on the evidence presented in the Cochrane review "Systemic prokinetic pharmacologic treatment for postoperative adynamic ileus following abdominal surgery in adults", routine administration of systemic prokinetics for the prevention of postoperative ileus is not recommendable. The potential...... of selective opioid antagonists and intravenous lidocaine should be further investigated, particularly in conjunction with laparoscopic surgery, epidural pain management and fast-track surgery....

  19. Cerebral absces med Vibrio cholerae non-01 efter badning i dansk havvand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torp-Pedersen, Trine; Nielsen, Xiaohui Chen; Olsen, Katharina E P

    2012-01-01

    on the ankle. We treated the patient with meropenem and ciprofloxacin for six weeks followed by ciprofloxacin for four weeks, and she recovered with hemiparesis and speech impairment. Marine Vibrio species may produce intracranial infection in predisposed individuals, even in temperate climate zones....

  20. Graviditet efter bariatrisk kirurgi kræver speciel opmærksomhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Renault, Kristina Martha; Andersen, Lise Lotte; Kjær, Mette Mandrup

    2012-01-01

    In the latest years the number of pregnant women having undergone bariatric surgery before pregnancy has increased rapidly. In pregnancy, they seem to have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications but an increased risk of mechanical complications causing small bowel obstruction...... and complications due to malabsorption. This article reviews the effect of bariatric surgery before pregnancy on obstetric and neonatal outcomes and provides, based on the limited available evidence, recommendations for the management of pregnancy in these women....

  1. Overlevelse efter lynnedslag og behandling af tilstødende komplikationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Malene Lægdsgaard; Uslu, Bülent; Lind, Morten Nikolaj

    2011-01-01

    Lightning strike is an unpredictable weather phenomenon which can cause a variety of injuries to the human body. We present a case report with a 24-year-old male football player, who survived prolonged cardiac arrest after a lighting strike and then presented with multiple organ dysfunction due t...

  2. Girards Job-læsning 20 år efter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Jørgen Lundager

    2007-01-01

      Abstract: Rereading René Girard's book "Job - the Victim of his People" 20 years after its initial appearance in French, the reader encounters not only the interesting phenomenon of an approach to a central Biblical book from "outside" traditional scholarly Bible exegesis which none the less ar...... arrives in part at conclusions similar to those of "professional" exegesis, in part at insights traditionally beyond it. But in addition, the book is found to anticipate prevalent trends in recent anthropology and religious studies, first and foremost the focus on cognition.......  Abstract: Rereading René Girard's book "Job - the Victim of his People" 20 years after its initial appearance in French, the reader encounters not only the interesting phenomenon of an approach to a central Biblical book from "outside" traditional scholarly Bible exegesis which none the less...

  3. Trichinosis efter indtagelse af kød importeret fra Polen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Cunha-Bang, Caspar; Lunding, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    sausage. The case was later linked to a Polish outbreak comprising over 200 persons. The infection can range from being asymptomatic to fatal, depending on the infective load and response of the host. Treatment with antihelminthic drugs and steroids can be indicated, depending on symptoms and time...

  4. Forfodsamputation på en 14-årig dreng efter infiltrerende glomustumor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khorasani, Hoda; Jensen, Claus L; Bonde, Christian T

    2017-01-01

    of a 14-year-old boy, who had an infiltrative glomus tumour of the foot. The tumour met the criteria for malignancy and was operated radically by amputation of the forefoot. The post-operative period was uncomplicated and no metastases were observed neither clinically nor by PET-CT scans....

  5. To tilfaelde af neonatal meningitis efter indførelse af nyt gentamicinregime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Anne Sofie; Fenger-Grøn, Jesper; Møller, Jens Kjølseth

    2016-01-01

    , but both deteriorated again before the second dose. In both infants ampicillin-resistant but gentamicin-sensitive Escherichia coli was found. In one of the infants a resistant/less sensitive E. coli strain was also found in the cerebrospinal fluid. The rationale for the new dosing guidelines is discussed....

  6. Der kan være længerevarende kognitive gener efter elektrokonvulsiv behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Anne Marie; Miskowiak, Kamilla; Vinberg, Maj

    2013-01-01

    This case study describes a patient who had a unipolar depression and experienced long-lasting cognitive problems after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Neuropsychological testing revealed lower scores on measures of learning, memory and sustained attention. These results stress the importance...... of informing patients who have ECT of the potential cognitive consequences of this treatment as it may influence the patients' functional capabilities. Prospective studies are needed since we do not have sufficient knowledge regarding the 3-5% of these patients who experience sustained cognitive problems....

  7. Perinealsårskomplikationer efter praeoperativ strålebehandling for rectumcancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aldulaymi, Bahir Hadi; Mohammad, Wael A J; Jess, Per

    2008-01-01

    , preoperative radiation is associated with significant morbidity including wound infection and delayed healing. The aim of this study is to clarify the effects of preoperative radiotherapy on wound healing in patients who underwent abdominoperineal excision and primary wound closure for rectum cancer....

  8. Tvangslånene. Om fiskale forhold i Slesvig under og efter Treårskrigen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    the districts of the region. However, only the two first were actually collected as the final one was decided just a few months before the end of the war. The compulsory loans were a war tax, with the particular characteristic though, that in principle those citizens who contributed enjoyed status as creditors...... or after some persuasion, seeing it as a civil duty and/or a sensible investment. On a number of occasions though, especially in the northern districts where pro-Danish sentiments prevailed, local residents would only pay up after threats by central authorities to take possession by military execution...

  9. Golfhandikap er en velegnet skala til monitorering af rehabilitering efter apoplexia cerebri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per; Meden, Per; Knudsen, Lars

    2015-01-01

    A 67-year-old male was examined nine, 35 and 135 days after stroke using conventional stroke scales, 18 holes of golf, functional MRI (fist closures) and translocator protein imaging of microglial function in the brain using single photon emission computed tomography. The data showed that the ove...

  10. Overlevelse og dødsårsager efter traumatisk rygmarvsskade. Et epidemiologisk langtidsstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartkopp, P A; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Seidenschnur, A M

    1998-01-01

    Life expectancy among individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI) has remained lower than normal, even with optimal medical management. But improvement has been achieved, as shown by this study of an unselected population of survivors of traumatic SCI, dead or still living. There has been complete...... follow-up over four decades. The survey included a total of 888 individuals who had survived the injury and were rehabilitated at the Centre for the Spinal Cord Injured, East-Denmark between 1.1.1953-31.12.1990. At the end of the follow-up, 31st of December 1992, 236 had died. The most common causes...... of causes of death in the study group begin to approximate those of the general population....

  11. Overlevelse efter massiv verapamiloverdosis hos en 48-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Karina K; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    , was hypotensive, and ECG showed bradycardia with nodal rhythm. The patient was treated with activated charcoal, colloids, crystalloids, norepinephrine, isoprenalin and epinephrine infusion, high dose glucose-insulin infusion and calcium. The patient was discharged for rehabilitation after two weeks...

  12. Overlevelse efter massiv verapamiloverdosis hos en 48-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Karina K; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    , was hypotensive, and ECG showed bradycardia with nodal rhythm. The patient was treated with activated charcoal, colloids, crystalloids, norepinephrine, isoprenalin and epinephrine infusion, high dose glucose-insulin infusion and calcium. The patient was discharged for rehabilitation after two weeks....

  13. Har samlejedebut ændret sig efter "Sikker sex"-kampagnen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wielandt, H B; Jeune, B

    1992-01-01

    In 1984, immediately before information about AIDS had reached the general public and the campaign for "Safe sex" had begun in earnest, 286 women (percentage replies 75.3) and 336 men (percentage replies 77.8) who were over 16 years but not yet 21 years were interviewed about sexual knowledge...... at the first coitus. The campaign for "Safe sex" had recommended condoms. In the 1989 investigation, 61.0% of the women and 62.0% of the men had employed condoms at the first coitus as compared with 36.5% of the women and 42.1% of the men, five years previously. Parental advice about contraception had also...

  14. Recidiv og overlevelse efter konventionel lav anterior resektion for cancer recti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, S; Moesgaard, F A; Crone, P O

    2001-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of recurrence of local cancer, distant metastases and survival after conventional low anterior resection for cure in patients with rectal carcinoma, on the basis of the poor prognosis after colorectal cancer in Denmark. MATERIAL...... AND METHODS: Consecutive patients operated on in the nine Danish departments of surgical gastroenterology in 1992-1993. Retrospective collection of data on recurrence of local cancer, distant metastases, and over-all survival at the end of 1996. RESULTS: Of 268 patients, 77 (29%) developed recurrent local...... cancer and/or distant metastases. Forty-eight (18%) had local recurrence with a cumulative 5-year rate of 39%. Distant metastases were seen in 54 (20%). The local recurrence rate increased with increasing Dukes' tumour stage and was higher after operation by a non-specialist (30%) than by a consultant...

  15. Akut koronarangiografi er indiceret ved ST-elevation efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Møller, Jacob Eifer

    2013-01-01

    Guidelines suggest that acute coronary angiography (CAG) is considered in patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with presumed cardiac aetiology. Since specialized post-resuscitation care, including therapeutic hypothermia, has proved beneficial in randomized studies, CAG should...

  16. Traumatisk hofteluksation efter fald på kælk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halschou-Jensen, Peter Max; Balslev-Clausen, Andreas; Søndergaard, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Traumatic hip dislocation is uncommon in children. Yet, it represents an orthopaedic emergency, because delayed treatment can lead to avascular necrosis of the femoral head. In this case a four-year-old boy and an eight-year-old girl were treated in an emergency department less than two weeks apart...

  17. Perforeret sinus maxillaris efter fald mod nøddeknækker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rye Rasmussen, Eva; Arndal, Helge; Larsen, Per Leganger

    2011-01-01

    We present a case of open fracture of maxillary sinus following fall against a nutcracker. The only pathological findings were a small wound and subcutaneous emphysema in the front of and behind the right maxillary sinus. There was no flattening of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus......, consequently no surgical intervention was performed. The patient was treated with prophylactic antibiotics and sutures. No sequelae were observed....

  18. Urininkontinens de første 12 år efter fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Viktrup, Lars; Lose, Gunnar

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: First pregnancy and delivery often result in urinary incontinence. The aim of this 12-year cohort study was to estimate the impact of incontinence and the need for treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 305 women were questioned about lower urinary tract symptoms a few days......, three months, five years and 12 years after their first delivery. RESULTS: A total of 242 women (79%) answered a questionnaire 12 years after their first delivery. Urinary incontinence increased significantly (p 12-year period to a total of 114 symptomatic women (47%); 25 of 102 women...... had stress incontinence (SI) and seven of 49 women had urge incontinence (UI) for at least 12 years. Three of 114 incontinent women (2.6%) had received treatment, while 162 women had exercised the pelvic floor the previous three months. None underwent SI surgery. Eighteen incontinent women wanted...

  19. Livstruende ekstrauterin hjørnegraviditet efter in vitro-fertilisation og bilateral salpingektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Claudi, Anne; Steen-Hansen, Christian; Nørgaard, Lone Nikoline

    2015-01-01

    of an ectopic pregnancy due to the history of salpingectomy. The patient had intraabdominal bleeding and went through emergency surgery because of a ruptured interstitial pregnancy. The purpose of this case report is to recall the risk of interstitial pregnancy in pregnant women with a history of salpingectomy....

  20. Livstruende ekstrauterin hjørnegraviditet efter in vitro-fertilisation og bilateral salpingektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Claudi, Anne; Steen-Hansen, Christian; Nørgaard, Lone Nikoline

    2015-01-01

    of an ectopic pregnancy due to the history of salpingectomy. The patient had intraabdominal bleeding and went through emergency surgery because of a ruptured interstitial pregnancy. The purpose of this case report is to recall the risk of interstitial pregnancy in pregnant women with a history of salpingectomy.......A woman with a history of bilateral salpingectomy achieved pregnancy after in vitro fertilization. At the gestational age of six weeks she experienced fatigue, haematemesis and abdominal pain. She was hospitalized on suspicion of a peptic ulcer. Several physicians rejected the possibility...

  1. Fejldiagnostik ved vaginal skanning hos en kvinde, der var gravid efter hormonel follikelstimulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Najami, Issam; Salomon, Søren

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 21-year-old woman who developed a simultaneous extra- and intrauterine pregnancy after hormonal induction of ovulation. The case shows a delay in the detection, relying on usual measures as vaginal ultrasound scanning, of the ectopic pregnancy resulting in peritonealia...... and an acute laparoscopy. This is a reminder of the increase in the prevalence of heterotopic pregnancies as a result of hormonal induction of ovulation, and indicates that laparoscopy is the gold standard of detecting the cause of abdominal pain including ectopic pregnancy....

  2. Prognostiske faktorer af betydning for den recidivfrie overlevelse efter kirurgisk behandling af hoved-hals-melanom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, A P; Gottlieb, J; Søndergaard, K

    1993-01-01

    , range 1 month to 25 years. Sex, age, ulcerated tumor and tumor thickness were found by Cox multivariate regression analysis to act as independent prognostic factors for recurrence-free survival. In addition, size of the excision margin was found of no significance for survival without relapse when......The clinico-pathological and therapeutic data of 512 patients with clinical stage I invasive head and neck melanoma of the skin were re-evaluated. There were 287 females and 225 males. The median age at primary surgery was 65 years, range 18 to 96 years. The median observation period was 5 years...

  3. Hundrede år efter Bohr: Nobelprisen for fysik under gennemsnittet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Julsgaard, Brian; Mølmer, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    I 2012 blev nobelprisen i fysik givet for eksperimenter på enkelte atomer og fotoner. Eksperimenterne har bekræftet kvantemekanikkens helt basale forudsigelser om, hvad der sker, når man f.eks. måler på et kvantesystem. I denne artikel beskriver vi nogle af disse eksperimenter, som Niels Bohr og...

  4. Komplet remission af højmalignt lymfom i ventriklen efter eradikation af Helicobacter pylori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høeg, Rasmus Tetens; Skau, Anne-Marie; Nørgaard, Peter

    2011-01-01

    A 91 year-old man was found to have diffuse large cell B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), localized to the stomach. Because of his age, his only treatment was anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy. He achieved a complete remission, and six months after the initial presentation, there were no signs of recurrence....... The recommended treatment of DLBCL is chemotherapy followed by involved-field irradiation. However, small prospective trials have shown high rates of complete remission after eradication of H. pylori alone and this treatment is an option in patients of advanced age or with severe co-morbidities....

  5. Effekt af psykosocial rehabilitering efter akut myokardieinfarkt. En randomiseret undersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Susanne Margrete Bølling; Baumbach, Lars A; Jørgensen, Torben

    2003-01-01

    infarction. Coping strategies, anxiety and depression, general health, physical function and number of readmissions were measured on the basis of the questionnaires HAD and mini-MAC. Participants completed questionnaires before discharge and again six weeks and four months after discharge. RESULTS......: The intervention did not significantly affect coping strategies, general health or physical function. The readmission rate was significantly lower in the intervention group compared to the control group. The mortality rate in the intervention group was lower after four months, one year and four years. DISCUSSION...

  6. Cancer cervicis uteri i Århus Amt efter indførelse af screening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nieman, Isa; Lidang, Marianne; Baandrup, Ulrik

    2006-01-01

    diagnosticeret i stadium IA eller IB, og langt hovedparten af disse var under 60 år. De højere stadier (II-IV) sås hyppigst hos kvinder over 60 år. 42 % af ccu-tilfældene blev påvist ved screening. 95 % af kvinderne over 60 år og 46 % af dem under 60 år blev diagnosticeret pga. symptomer. Det hyppigste symptom...... var blødning. Relationen mellem antallet af smears siden 1989 og det kliniske tumorstadium viste en klar tendens til lavere stadium ved øget antal smears. 16 % (ligeligt 60 år) havde det seneste smear for mere end 3 år siden (underscreenet). 22 % (flest >60 år) var ikke screenet siden 1989....... Diskussion og konklusionUndersøgelsen har vist at 26 % af ccu-patienterne er over 60 år ved diagnosen, hvilket godtgør at screeningstilbuddet også bør indbefatte kvinder op til 75 år, da det især er denne gruppe, der får høj-stadium ccu. Der er påvist underscreening hos 16 % og manglende screening af hele 22...

  7. Forekomst af håndeksem efter kirurgisk vask og brug af operationshandsker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfred, L; Rasmussen, H H; Andersen, Klaus Ejner

    1993-01-01

    /glove-product with subsequent clearing of the symptoms in 75% of the cases. Dermatological examination and patch tests were performed with European Standard series, gloves, rubber chemicals and selected soap components in 53 persons. Hand eczema was found in 16 persons (7%). Positive patch test reactions to latex gloves were...

  8. Anstrengelsesinduceret ST-segmentdepression efter akut myokardieinfarkt. Forekomst og prognostisk betydning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Pless, P; May, O

    1989-01-01

    On the basis of a review of 20 investigations (3,587 patients), the prevalence of significant ST-segment-depression (ST-depr) in patients performing an exercise test 9-30 days after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was found to be 33% (3-70%). The reason for the considerable variation is due...... test); 3) different procedures for the exercise tests (submaximal vs maximal; few vs several ECG leads). The great variation in the prevalence of ST-depr, is also reflected in the prognostic significance. In about half of the investigations ST-depr has been prognostic for future death and/or cardiac...

  9. Traumevisitation i Nordsjaelland før og efter indsaettelse af akutlaegebil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meisler, Rikke; Berlac, Peter Anthony

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Prompt and correct triage to a facility capable of providing optimal care is important for survival and functional outcome after major trauma. This study compared the influence of on-scene deployment of physicians with medical telephone counselling of paramedics on the triage...... of trauma patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of trauma patients triaged to tertiary treatment outside Frederiksborg County from March 2006 to February 2007. Patients were either triaged directly from the scene of the accident or secondarily transferred from a local hospital. The study...... period was divided into two intervals. Triage in the first interval was based on telephone counselling of paramedics by consultant anaesthesiologists. Triage in the second interval was performed by the same anaesthesiologists deployed in the field. Triage decisions, Injury Severity Score (ISS) and 30-day...

  10. Amputation af arm grundet infektion forårsaget af Vibrio vulnificus efter badeferie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arici, Esra; Evald, Allan; Holmgaard, Dennis Back

    2017-01-01

    Infection with Vibrio vulnificus is a rare condition with approximately 11 cases reported in the Danish literature. It is characterized by soft tissue infection/wound, necrotizing fasciitis and septicaemia. In this case report we present a patient admitted with a rapid progression and sepsis...

  11. Hvad skal vi se efter i mundhulen--og hvad kan vi gøre?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dabelsteen, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Patients present with symptoms of the oral cavity at their general practitioner (GP). As a general rule, the GP should refer the patient to a dentist for diagnosis and treatment. However, treatment of acute infections can be started by the GP. In the present paper, the diagnosis and treatment of ...

  12. Sparsom viden om patientrapporterede outcomes efter større akut abdominalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oreskov, Jakob Ohm; Ekeløf, Sarah; Burcharth, Jakob

    2017-01-01

    and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Approximately one out of three patients experience chronic pain and functional impairment after major emergency abdominal surgery. The magnitude of depression and PTSD after major emergency abdominal surgery have not been studied before.......Little is known about patient-reported outcomes after major emergency abdominal surgery. Studies on patients undergoing major elective abdominal surgery and patients in the intensive care unit report significant challenges with chronic pain, functional impairment, quality of life, depression...

  13. Strukturudvikling i den danske agro- og fødevareindustri efter 2. verdenskrig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henning Otte

    2014-01-01

    Agro- og fødevareindustriens strukturudvikling - det vil sige udviklingen i størrelse, antal, specialisering, koncentration, ejerform, globalisering med mere - har været meget markant siden 2. verdenskrig. Store driftsøkonomiske og markedsmæssige kræfter har skubbet branchen i retning af færre, m...

  14. Der kan være længerevarende kognitive gener efter elektrokonvulsiv behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Anne Marie; Miskowiak, Kamilla; Vinberg, Maj

    2013-01-01

    This case study describes a patient who had a unipolar depression and experienced long-lasting cognitive problems after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Neuropsychological testing revealed lower scores on measures of learning, memory and sustained attention. These results stress the importance...

  15. Livstruende underernæring efter gastrisk bypass behandlet med reetablering af normal tarmanatomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Inge Marie; Hansen, Dorte Lindqvist; Grønbæk, Karin Elmegård

    2014-01-01

    We present a case report of a woman who had repeating episodes of severe life-threatening malnutrition four years after a laparoscopic gastric bypass operation for severe overweight. Despite several normal examinations her condition remained unstable. She was offered a laparoscopic operation reve...... of patients in a competent multidisciplinary team....

  16. Visceral leishmaniasis hos to børn efter ferie i Sydeuropa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castberg, Filip Christian; Poulsen, Anja; Petersen, Bodil Laub

    2013-01-01

    Pancytopenia, fever and splenomegaly are frequent causes for referrals to paediatric haematology departments, on the suspicion of acute leukaemia. We report two cases of Danish children with the tropical disease visceral leishmaniasis (VL) contracted on short vacations in Southern Europe. One...

  17. Reklamen som pastiche. Om Dansk Sygeplejeråds annoncekampagne efteråret 1986

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunhild Agger

    1989-08-01

    Full Text Available Der er flere og flere medieproducenter, der anser modtagerne for at besidde en vis tekstuel intelligens. Fra detektivpasticher som Dick Spanner og Batman over den konstant genreparodierende "Moon- lighting" (De heldige helte til Poul og Nulles respektløse faktion "I sandhedens Tjeneste" leges der med betydningsdannelsen. Seerne/læserne indbydes til selv at spille ping-pong med billeder og tekst. Gunhild Agger analyserer her denne tendens, sådan som den kom- mer til udtryk inden for reklamen: Anker Jørgensen som James Bond, og kondomer til Prinsessen på Ærten! Mest indgående beskæftiger hun sig med Dansk Sygeplejeråds brug af myten om sygeplejersken i en annoncekampagne op mod overenskomstforhandlingerne i 1987. Gunhild Agger nøjes ikke med en indholdsanalyse af annoncerne, men beskriver hele kampagnen: Dansk Sygeplejeråds hensigter med frem- stødet, kampagnens lancering over for den tre-dobbelte målgruppe, læsernes formodede reception, og kampagnens politiske og holdnings- mæssige effekter.

  18. Genetisk polymorfisme har betydning for 
opioiders smertestillende effekt efter kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydshou, Andreas; Hansen, Egon Godthåb; Gögenur, Ismail

    2013-01-01

    Post-operative pain-management (PPM) should first of all be decided by the specific surgical procedure in each case, but it also seems that genetic polymorphism affects the clinical effects of the pharmacological treatment. In this article we summarize the existing evidence of the hypothesis...... to avoid post-operative pain and pharmacological adverse effects....

  19. Etårig praktisk oplæring efter kandidatuddannelsen i odontologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fiehn, Nils-Erik

    2010-01-01

    I forbindelse med vedtagelsen af autorisationsloven i 2006 bortfaldt ”jus practicandi”-ordningen, og i stedet indførtes et 12-måneders klinisk oplæringsforløb ved ansættelse for nyuddannede tandlæger i såvel børne- og ungdomstandplejen som voksentandplejen. Artiklen fokuserer på de årsager, der l...

  20. Præhospital blodgasanalyse efter kollaps i forbindelse med deltagelse i triatlon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ettrup-Christensen, Asbjørn; Amstrup-Hansen, Louise; Zwisler, Stine T

    2017-01-01

    Long-distance athletes are at risk of serious fluid and electrolyte disturbances, such as hypernatraemia (dehydration). Recently, cases of serious morbidity have been reported, due to acute exercise-associated hyponatraemia, which can advance to encephalopathy. An arterial blood gas analysis (ABG...

  1. Tvangslånene. Om fiskale forhold i Slesvig under og efter Treårskrigen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    . Eventually, the money would be paid back, fully and with interest. The purpose of the first loan, imposed May 1849, was the creation of funds for provisioning the pan-German troops that assisted the Duchies in their war against the Kingdom of Denmark. The collection of the requested amounts took place...... the debt incurred to local units by the former rulers of the territory. At the same time, district authorities, according to legal arrangements made when the loans were raised, were not justified in, let alone obliged to, reimburse the money raised from local citizens on behalf of the – at the time...

  2. Partiel fingeramputation efter fjæsingstik og andengradsfrobrænding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Josiassen, Michael; Partoft, Søren; Leicht, Pernille

    2017-01-01

    The greater weever (Trachinus draco) is the only venomous fish in Denmark, and if stung by the weever the venom may cause symptoms such as pain, headache, nausea, dizziness and in severe cases systemic allergic reaction or tissue necrosis. The venom is heat-labile and should therefore be treated...

  3. Prognostiske faktorer af betydning for den recidivfrie overlevelse efter kirurgisk behandling af hoved-hals-melanom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, A P; Gottlieb, J; Søndergaard, K

    1993-01-01

    The clinico-pathological and therapeutic data of 512 patients with clinical stage I invasive head and neck melanoma of the skin were re-evaluated. There were 287 females and 225 males. The median age at primary surgery was 65 years, range 18 to 96 years. The median observation period was 5 years......, range 1 month to 25 years. Sex, age, ulcerated tumor and tumor thickness were found by Cox multivariate regression analysis to act as independent prognostic factors for recurrence-free survival. In addition, size of the excision margin was found of no significance for survival without relapse when...

  4. Den psykiatriske udrykningstjeneste i Storkøbenhavn fungerer efter hensigten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Ane Storch; Nielsen, Lars Martin

    2013-01-01

    The Psychiatric Emergency Service in Copenhagen is unique as the only psychiatric outgoing service in Denmark with medical doctor expertise. The service has been active since 1997 and is serving 1.28 million inhabitants. The target group of the service are psychiatric patients, who are not able...

  5. Overlevelse efter lynnedslag og behandling af tilstødende komplikationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Malene Lægdsgaard; Uslu, Bülent; Lind, Morten Nikolaj

    2011-01-01

    Lightning strike is an unpredictable weather phenomenon which can cause a variety of injuries to the human body. We present a case report with a 24-year-old male football player, who survived prolonged cardiac arrest after a lighting strike and then presented with multiple organ dysfunction due t...... to cellular swelling, extreme rhabdomyolysis and global hypoperfusion. We describe the clinical observations, therapy and injuries which may be expected. Furthermore, the pathophysiology and factors influencing the survival of this patient are discussed....

  6. Safewards Len Bowers egne kommentarer i årene efter udgivelsen af Safewards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Jesper; Hvidhjelm, Jacob Christian

    2017-01-01

    Selvom professor i psykiatrisk sygepleje Len Bowers gik på pension sidste år, korrigerer han stadig psykiatriske sygeplejersker, når han ser, at Safewards interventioner misforstås. Det er også nødvendigt, at vi i Danmark forstår Safewards grundlæggende ideologi. Derfor har postdoc Jacob Hvidhjel...

  7. Blødningskomplikationer ved behandling med clopidogrel og acetylsalicylsyre efter akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Janus; Larsen, Christian Hastrup; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The Clopidogrel in Unstable Angina to Prevent Recurrent Events (CURE) study showed that patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) benefit from combined therapy with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel. However, only...

  8. Visceral leishmaniasis hos to børn efter ferie i Sydeuropa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castberg, Filip Christian; Poulsen, Anja; Petersen, Bodil Laub

    2013-01-01

    Pancytopenia, fever and splenomegaly are frequent causes for referrals to paediatric haematology departments, on the suspicion of acute leukaemia. We report two cases of Danish children with the tropical disease visceral leishmaniasis (VL) contracted on short vacations in Southern Europe. One...... of the patients developed secondary haemophagocytic lymphohistocytosis (HLH). Both children were successfully treated with liposomal amphotericin B. In Denmark, VL is a rare but important differential diagnosis to acute leukaemia and HLH, and should be ruled out after journeys to endemic areas, including Southern...

  9. Et tilfælde af brucella spondylodiscitis efter rejse til Libanon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Stig Lønberg; Johansen, Isik Somuncu

    2012-01-01

    Brucellosis is a widespread endemic zoonotic infection affecting more than 500,000 people per year. The disease is very uncommon in Denmark and almost always imported. We present a case of a 57 year-old male with blood culture and magnetic resonance imaging verified brucella spondylodiscitis. Prior...

  10. Normalisering af venstre ventrikel efter 13 måneders mekanisk cirkulationsstøtte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, Finn; Møller, Jacob E; Hansen, Peter B

    2010-01-01

    We discuss the first Danish case in which a left ventricular assist device (HeartMate 2) could be explanted after 13 months of support due to cardiac recovery in a young patient who presented with severe dilated cardiomyopathy during pregnancy. Aggressive medical treatment with angiotensin...... converting enzyme inhibitor, beta blocker and aldosterone antagonist was used, and the patient remained stable without circulatory support several months after device removal....

  11. Akut pankreatitis hos en 16-årig dreng efter indtag af ibuprofen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruusgaard-Mouritsen, Mads Emil; Leerhøy, Bonna; Hansen, Mark Berner

    2015-01-01

    This is a case report of a 16-year-old boy with possible drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) caused by ibuprofen. The patient had a history of psychiatric, but no somatic, disease, and he was admitted with a clinical presentation consistent with acute pancreatitis after a bolus ingestion of 10 g...... of ibuprofen in a suicidal attempt. No evidence of other causality for acute pancreatitis was identified. The patient was treated with a standard pancreatitis treatment regime and was discharged against medical advice after four days. The case represents a possible causality between ibuprofen and DIP....

  12. Forebyggelse efter apopleksi - et spørgsmål om kontrol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hornnes, Nete

    2001-01-01

    . The Health Belief Model er en blandt flere måder at anskue adherence på. En styrke ved modellen er udgangspunktet i sygdom som en oplevet trussel. En begrænsning er, at den ikke inddrager den værdi, patienten tillægger et godt helbred. Formålet med denne afhandling er at udvide indsigten i...

  13. Langtidsbehandling med spinal cord-stimulation hos en patient med kronisk regionalt smertesyndrom type 1 og fantomsmerter efter amputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enggaard, Thomas Peter; Scherer, Christian; Nikolajsen, Lone

    2008-01-01

    The development of stump and phantom pain after limb amputation in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is very frequent. Stump pain is typically recurred CRPS and the possibilities for effective pharmacological pain relief are often limited. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has a well...

  14. Når innovation og fagligt samspil saetter fag under pres - fagdidaktisk kommunikation i det danske gymnasium efter reformen 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Hobel

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available After the 2005 reform of the Danish gymnasium, it has become a requirement that students are trained in interdisciplinarity and that their innovative skills are developed. In the public discussion “innovation” has been embedded in two different discourses: a market oriented discourse and a citizenship oriented discourse. This study examines whether the school subjects under this pressure develop and converge into one unified school subject: a market orientated social science. This is examined through a case study of an interdisciplinarian course in the first year of the Danish gymnasium on Corporate Social Responsibility. The students first work with this topic in the context of English, Social Science and Innovation, and then have to advise a Danish concern about how to improve and develop the CSR-strategy of one of its subsidiary companies in India.The data of the study are central documents from political level, from the level of the Ministry of Education, and from the course. These documents are triangulated with interviews with teachers and students. The results of the study are based on a discourse analysis of these documents.The central finding of the study is that the different school subjects do not converge into one market oriented school subject. The students do not limit themselves to give instrumental and means-oriented advices to the concern about how they can use the CSR-strategy as a mean of increasing its profits. The teachers act in a paradigm of challenge oriented didactics. The teachers establish a subject oriented and interdiscipline oriented didactical discussion about how the school subjects in different ways can contribute to a professional debate about epochal core problems (in this course: the enviroment and social inequality, and the students discuss how the subsidiary company can contribute to the solution of these problems. They add that these initiatives will benefit the company. Thus, through didactical reflection and the planning and execution of a course the teachers re-contextualize the requirement about interdisciplinarity and innovation in a way that has Bildungs-Potenzial.

  15. Det fängslande planeringstänkandet : och sökandet efter en verklighetsutväg

    OpenAIRE

    Gullberg, Anders

    1986-01-01

    In this thesis I intended to deal with the problem: “what is plan­ning?” I especially planned to analyze the obvious, but in planning theory never the less foreseen fact that things (plans, projects) never become what they were intended to be. But, and in accordance with this, I found myself paying much more attention to another problem: “how to catch the effects of plans and reforms?” In my analysis of planning theory and planning thought I have tried to demonstrate 1. the aprioristic/ration...

  16. Kan strategien for primær sundhedstjeneste genoplives 30 år efter Alma-Ata?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Stine; Probst, Helene Bilsted; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

    2010-01-01

    Thirty years ago the Alma-Ata declaration on primary health care was developed. Implementation has been compounded by inadequate financing, changing disease patterns and immature health systems, and there is an ongoing discussion between selective and comprehensive primary health care supporters....... Globally, child mortality for under-five-year-olds has been reduced by 50%, but there are still large regional differences. This year the WHO development report is about revitalisation of the primary health care strategy. Recognition of this strategy may be the best instrument to improve health globally....

  17. The EU system for emissions trading after year 2012; EU:s system foer handel med utslaeppsraetter efter 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Normand, Mathias; Mjureke, David (eds.)

    2007-01-15

    The Government has instructed the Swedish Energy Agency and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency to put forward a proposal for how the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) should be developed after 2012, subject to the overall objective of continuing to reduce emissions with the aim of achieving the long-term objectives of the Convention on Climate Change. In its Council Conclusions (7619/1/05) the EU has interpreted the long-term objectives of the Convention on Climate Change as aiming to achieve emission reductions of 15-30 % in the industrialised countries by 2020. According to Council Conclusions (13435/05), the EU has also decided that the Emissions Trading Scheme should continue after 2012. The starting point for this report is that, after 2012, the Scheme will be a key instrument in achieving cost-efficient emission reductions, not only within the EU but also globally, and regardless of whether, with effect from 2013, the Scheme has become a part of an international climate regime, or is serving as a transition to some future new international climate regime. The purpose of this report is to provide a proposal for how the Emissions Trading Scheme should be developed after 2012. The aim is to construct a system that helps to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases (maintaining climate integrity), that assists measures being taken where they are cheapest (cost efficiency), that is accepted by parties concerned and by the general public (confidence inspiring), and which does not adversely affect the competitiveness of business or industry (competition-neutral). The Agencies recommend that Sweden should adopt the following standpoints concerning development of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme after 2012. (Recommended changes to the system presuppose a harmonised implementation throughout the EU.): In connection with international negotiations, Sweden should press for the Emissions Trading Scheme to be developed in such a way as to make it possible to achieve emission reductions in line with Council Conclusions (7619/1/05) in the form of total emission reductions of the order of 15-30 % in the industrialised countries by 2020. Sweden should press for the Scheme to be linked with other trading schemes, subject to retention of climate integrity. Linking can strengthen global climate policy ties and influence countries not having internationally binding climate commitments towards participating in some climate policy agreement. Linking also helps to counter international distortion of competition. There should be considerable opportunities for the use of CDM (or equivalent) credits in the Scheme, given that the EU has strict commitments on emission reductions. In order to ensure the system's climate integrity and competition neutrality, efforts should be aimed at ensuring that the total quantity of allowances in the Trading Scheme is decided directly at EU level (i.e. top-down), instead of as today starting from national allocation plans (i.e. bottom-up). Sweden should promote continued expansion of the Scheme to other sectors and for other gases. In 2013, it should be expanded to include emissions of carbon dioxide and PFC from primary and secondary aluminium production, carbon dioxide from certain chemical industry sectors, nitrous oxide from certain chemical industry sectors and methane from active coal mines. The European road transport sector can be included in the Scheme. However, this will pose challenges in respect of the effects on industrial competitiveness and developments within the road transport sector. In order to be able to adopt a firm position in the matter of how the road transport sector should be treated in relation to the EU ETS, Sweden should initiate in-depth studies of consequences of different options, including a separate trading scheme for the European transport sector. Purely biofuelled combustion installations should be excluded from the Scheme, and the monitoring requirements for pure biofuel streams in combustion installations that partly use biofuels should be abolished. Sweden should press for a broad and harmonised definition of the term 'combustion installation', bearing in mind the possible consequences for small installations. Efforts should be made to encourage auction procedures as the basis of allowance allocation for all sectors within the Scheme. However, until competitors outside the EU encounter some form of cost in connection with their carbon dioxide emissions, industry covered by the Scheme can continue to be allocated free allowances, preferably according to benchmarks common to the entire EU. The electricity and district heating sectors within the EU should not be allocated free allowances. These sectors' allowances should be distributed to the market by means of auctions that are open to all parties within the EU ETS. New entrants of the electricity and district heating sectors should be required to purchase their allowances on the market. Until auction procedures are introduced for existing industrial participants in the scheme, new entrants in the industrial sector should be allocated free allowances in accordance with common EU benchmarks where possible. Any surpluses from reserves kept for new entrants should be cancelled. If reserves are maintained for free allocation to new entrants, allocation of allowances to plants that have closed should cease.

  18. Bankers prissætning af lån før og efter finanskrisen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grosen, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Finanskrisen har for længst udviklet sig til en dyb økonomisk krise, der indtil nu har kostet enorme summer i tabt produktion. I avisartikler hører vi gentagne gange historier om, at virksomheder med sunde projekter ikke kan opnå bankfinansiering. Hvis en sådan kreditklemme ("credit crunch") er en...

  19. Praenatal diagnostik i Arhus og Viborg Amter efter implementering af første trimester-risikovurdering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørring, Niels; Jølving, Line Riis; Petersen, Olav Bennike Bjørn

    2008-01-01

    In 2004 the Danish National Board of Health issued new guidelines for prenatal diagnostics in Denmark. The guidelines include a general offer to all pregnant women in Denmark of first trimester risk assessment of combined non-invasive tests integrating measurement of nuchal translucency...

  20. Thulesagen. Dødelighed og hospitalsindlæggelser efter nedstyrtning af et amerikansk B-52 bombefly i 1968

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel, K

    1993-01-01

    In 1968, a B-52 bomber carrying nuclear bombs crashed near the Thule US Air-Base in Greenland. By 1986, many cases of disease had been reported among Danish workers employed at the base. A database has been constructed from staff files of workers employed from 1963 to 1971. Of 4,322 workers, 98.7...

  1. Statsansattes ansættelsesforhold før og efter omdannelsen af en statsvirksomhed til statsejet aktieselskab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Postelmans, Erik

    2009-01-01

    because of a fault not attributable to them. Under the law if their post is ‘abolished or terminated’, a new suitable post has to be found or they should be paid three years salary, subsequently a pension should be granted to them. If the civil servant disagrees with the authorities concerning...... will be apt to rule against the civil servant. Another law that protects civil servants and other state employees against among other things, dismissals, is the Danish Public Administration Act. No ‘decision’ concerning an individual can be made without them having had the possibility to be heard...... on the matter, for example in the case of a dismissal. But in 2004 the Danish Supreme Court passed two verdicts, which show that ‘agreed dismissals’ as an alternative to ‘decisions’ are now accepted as long as the employees Trade union has been involved in the negotiation and the outcome is considered fair...

  2. En længsel efter fællesskaber og kæft, trit og retning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steno, Anne Mia

    2017-01-01

    viderebearbejdninger og fokuseringer af min ph.d. ”Ungdomsliv i en uddannelsestid” (2015), hvor jeg fulgte grupper af unge, særligt drenge, over en periode på to år, fra de startede på henholdsvis et grundforløb til gastronomi og automekaniker. Afhandlingen handler om deres møder med en ungdomsuddannelse, deres...

  3. Multimodal and widespread somatosensory abnormalities in persistent shoulder pain in the first 6 months efter stroke: An exploratory study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roosink, M.; van Dongen, Robert T.; Buitenweg, Jan R.; Renzenbrink, Gerbert J.; Geurts, Alexander C.; IJzerman, Maarten Joost

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore the role of multimodal and widespread somatosensory abnormalities in the development of persistent poststroke shoulder pain (pPSSP) in the first 6 months after stroke. Design: Prospective inception cohort study. Setting: Stroke units of 2 teaching hospitals. Participants: The

  4. Growth and endocrine disorders sequlae to cancer treatment in children. Endokrine og vaekstmaessige senfoelger efter cancerbehandling af boern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birkebaek, N.H.; Helgestad, J.E.

    1994-08-01

    Growth and endocrinological disturbances are possible late side-effects of cancer treatment in childhood. These side-effects can be treated, thus their discovery is important. The side-effects particularly appear in the years following treatment with irradiation and/or alkylating chemotherapy. After irradiation of the brain or the neck the function of the thyroid and the parathyroid glands should be tested every third month the first year, and later on annually. Two years after the end of treatment, the patient should be examined for growth hormone deficiency. This examination should the be carried out annually. One should be alert to symptoms of pubertas praecox the years prior to puberty. At the age when puberty is expected and therafter one should look for signs of secondary hypogonadism. Primary hypogonadism may follow radiotherapy below the diaphragm and/or treatment with alkylating chemotherapeutics; further, reduced fertility in men and early menopause in woman may follow these treatments. The bone structure of the face and the teeth may be damaged by radiation and chemotherapy, so therefore yearly examination by a dentist with specialty in this subject is recommended. Surgery in order to improve function may be a possibility. (au) (40 refs.).

  5. Mediernes ret til at offentliggøre billeder af offentligt kendte personer efter von Hannover nr. 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riis, Thomas; Udsen, Henrik; Borberg, Vibeke

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen er baseret på en analyse af den Europæiske Menneskerettighedsdomstols dom i den anden sag vedrørende prinsesse Caroline von Hannover af Monaco, som gennem mange år har forsøgt at beskytte sit privatliv mod eksponering i ugebladspressen (von Hannover nr. 2). Artiklen behandler også spørgs...

  6. Overvågning af bæver Castor fiber efter reintroduktion på Klosterheden Statsskovdistrikt 1999

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berthelsen, J. P.

    angiver i hvor stor udstrækning føden kan udnyttes. Værdierne er beregnet på baggrund af den procentvise andel af poppel, pil og birk, forskellige diametre og løvtræsprocenter. Der er i Flynder Å systemet fundet 121 ha tilgængelig vegetation. Dette medfører, at Flynder Å-systemet skønnes at have en...... der registreret mellem 6,7 og 10,5 ha tilgængelig vegetation, hvilket er føderessource til ca. en familie i hver. I Damhus Å vurderes der at være ca. 48 ha hvilket er føderessource til ca. 20 dyr og i Storå er der ca. 527 ha der vurderes at kunne føde ca. 200 dyr. Bævernes aktuelle fødevalg Det er...... afhjulpet gennem en positiv dialog med lodsejerne. Vegetationsundersøgelser i ådalene I ådale og vandløb er der foretaget en semi-kvantitativ bedømmelse af vegetation for hver ½ km vandløbsstrækning fordelt på i alt 40 analysefelter. Vegetationsundersøgelserne i hvert felt rummer to hovedelementer: Dels en...

  7. Heterotop graviditet efter IVF-behandling med excision af rumperet interstitiel graviditet og senere kejsersnit nær termin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elers, Jimmi; Zingenberg, Helle; Bing, Mette Hornum

    2017-01-01

    We describe a rare case of heterotopic pregnancy following in vitro fertilization with transferring of two embryos in a 39-year-old woman with previous bilateral salpingectomy. An ultrasound examination was performed on the day before admission showing a vital intrauterine pregnancy and no ectopic...... pregnancy. The woman was admitted with a ruptured cornual pregnancy at ten weeks of gestation. Laparotomy was performed on vital indication with excision of the ruptured haemorrhagic cornual pregnancy. The intrauterine pregnancy continued uneventfully with obstetric and fetal medicine specialist monitoring...

  8. Heterotop graviditet efter IVF-behandling med excision af rumperet interstitiel graviditet og senere kejsersnit nær termin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elers, Jimmi; Zingenberg, Helle; Bing, Mette H

    2016-01-01

    We describe a rare case of heterotopic pregnancy following in vitro fertilization with transferring of two embryos in a 39-year-old woman with previous bilateral salpingectomy. An ultrasound examination was performed on the day before admission showing a vital intrauterine pregnancy and no ectopic...... pregnancy. The woman was admitted with a ruptured cornual pregnancy at ten weeks of gestation. Laparotomy was performed on vital indication with excision of the ruptured haemorrhagic cornual pregnancy. The intrauterine pregnancy continued uneventfully with obstetric and fetal medicine specialist monitoring...

  9. Betydningen af PCOS og overvægt for svangerskabs- og fødselskomplikationer efter fertilitetsbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naver, Klara; Nilas, Lisbeth; Jørgensen, Finn Stener

    2013-01-01

    Et klinisk prospektivt multicenterstudie. Projektet består af prægravid karakteristik af kvinder med og uden polycystisk ovariesyndrom (PCOS) før de opstarter fertilitetsbehandling. Når deltagerne er blevet gravide følges de i graviditeten med ultralydskanninger og målinger af insulin resistens...

  10. Resultater efter ekstrakorporal membranoxygeneringsbehandling af nyfødte og spaedbørn i Danmark 1995-2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Vibeke; Helvind, Morten H; Greisen, Gorm

    2007-01-01

    of the survey. 42% of the parents reported sequels or suspicion of sequels. The primary sequels were reduced hearing, which was observed in eight infants, and chronic lung disease, which was observed in seven. Only one child was severely disabled. CONCLUSION: The underlying diagnoses, mortality and disability...

  11. Ældre patienter bør tilbydes fysisk træning tidligt efter kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beyer, Nina; Suetta, Charlotte Arneboe

    2013-01-01

    The use of fast-track regimes has led to a marked decline in complication rates post surgery. Nevertheless, older people have an increased risk of loss of muscle mass and strength and disability post surgery compared to younger adults. Consequently, attempts to counteract these problems seem highly...... relevant. The number of studies on the effect of perioperative training is still limited. However, there is increasing evidence that strength training commenced early post surgery is safe and effective in regard to restore muscle function in older patients going through acute or elective surgery....

  12. Resultater efter ekstrakorporal membranoxygeneringsbehandling af nyfødte og spaedbørn i Danmark 1995-2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Vibeke; Helvind, Morten H; Greisen, Gorm

    2007-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In 1995 extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was introduced in Denmark as a treatment for critically ill infants. ECMO is primarily used in infants with severe meconium aspiration, but can be used for all kinds of pulmonary and cardiac failures as well. The purpose of our work...

  13. Praenatal diagnostik i Arhus og Viborg Amter efter implementering af første trimester-risikovurdering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørring, Niels; Jølving, Line Riis; Petersen, Olav Bennike Bjørn

    2008-01-01

    In 2004 the Danish National Board of Health issued new guidelines for prenatal diagnostics in Denmark. The guidelines include a general offer to all pregnant women in Denmark of first trimester risk assessment of combined non-invasive tests integrating measurement of nuchal translucency...... and maternal biochemistry for detection of fetal chromosomal abnormalities like trisomy 21, and replacing the screening criteria of > or =35 of age....

  14. En studie och analys av omorganiseringen av de svenska honorärkonsulaten efter inträdet i EU

    OpenAIRE

    Joelsson, Linda

    2003-01-01

    This thesis aims to analyse the problems concerning the reorganization of the Swedish consulary system, which took place right after the Swedish entry in the European Union in 1995. This thesis shows the underlying debate in the Parliament before the changes. It also discusses which factors caused the reorganisation. My work focuses on the Swedish consulary representation in Spain which exist of an embassy in Madrid and 20 underlying honorary consulates. The consulates are not foreign author...

  15. Hver femte kirurg vasker ikke hænder efter toiletbesøg – et etnografisk feltstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Alamili, Mahdi

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Non-compliance with regard to hand hygiene is a major problem in the health-care system especially among surgeons and anaesthetists. The purpose of this study was to examine the hand hygiene routines after toilet visits among participants attending an international surgical congress...... for observing whether hand washing (as a surrogate measure of hand hygiene) was performed after toilet visits by observers. Frequencies were compared using Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: A total of 100 persons were observed (80% males). Of the 50 males observed at the ACS meeting, ten males did not use hand...... hygiene in relation to toilet visits (20%), while only one person at the AMWA meeting out of the 50 observed did not use hand hygiene (2%), p = 0.008. At both congresses only males did not use hand hygiene in relation to toilet visits. CONCLUSION: One in five surgeons did not wash hands after visiting...

  16. Kardiovaskulære komplikationer efter hjertenær strålebehandling af kræftpatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten Melgaard; Borchsenius, Julie I. Helene; Offersen, Birgitte Vrou

    2016-01-01

    Cardiovascular complications following thoracic radio­therapy in patients with cancer are well described. Advance­ments in surgery, radiotherapy and systemic treatments have led to an increasing number of cancer survivors and thus an increasing number of patients with long-term side effects of th...... of their cancer treatments. This article describes the short- and long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality following thoracic radiotherapy and further, optimal cardio­vascular assessments and diagnostic tools in asymp­tomatic and symptomatic patients....

  17. Abdominalt aortaaneurisme i Viborg Amt. Mortaliteten før og efter etableringen af egen karkirurgisk betjening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, J S; Henneberg, E W; Fasting, H

    1995-01-01

    In order to analyze the possible benefits on the mortality of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in Viborg county from the establishment of a specialized vascular unit in the county, the periods just before (1986-1988) and just after (1989-1991) the start of the unit were reviewed. Three times...

  18. CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    concerns were aspiration with resultant pneumonia, potential mediastinitis which has a mortality of over. 40% and the risk of carotid blow outs. In our patient the vascular surgeons advised a wait and watch policy, because the only option in case of a carotid blow out would have been sternotomy and then the question would ...

  19. Gradiva, Pigen der går fremad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Analyse af kopi i gips efter antikt relief, kaldet "Gradiva". Fra Sigmund Freud over Surrelismen til Alain Robbe-Grillet.......Analyse af kopi i gips efter antikt relief, kaldet "Gradiva". Fra Sigmund Freud over Surrelismen til Alain Robbe-Grillet....

  20. Salg og markedsføring af brugskunst i EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørdam, Mette Ohm

    2012-01-01

    Brugskunst kan i Danmark beskyttes efter reglerne i ophavsretsloven i indtil 70 år efter ophavsmandens død. I England beskyttes brugskunst kun i 25 år efter designretlige regler. Derfor kan der i England lovligt produceres og sælges brugskunst, der er ophavsretlig beskyttet i Danmark, uden aftale...

  1. Det forunderlige massebegreb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houlrik, Jens Madsen

    2005-01-01

    Med Einsteins relativitetsteori optræder også forestillingen om en hastighedsafhængig (relativistisk) masse. Men at fortolke masse i bevægelse som noget andet end masse i hvile er en unødvendig komplikation. Einsteins massebegreb adskiller sig nemlig ikke væsentligt fra Newtons.......Med Einsteins relativitetsteori optræder også forestillingen om en hastighedsafhængig (relativistisk) masse. Men at fortolke masse i bevægelse som noget andet end masse i hvile er en unødvendig komplikation. Einsteins massebegreb adskiller sig nemlig ikke væsentligt fra Newtons....

  2. Tværsektoriel opfølgning for børn og unge efter et selvmordsforsøg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamionka, Stine Lundstrøm; Buus, Niels; Nøhr-Jensen, Peer

    2015-01-01

    I Danmark er børn og unge, der har forsøgt at begå selvmord, ikke sikre på at modtage efterfølgende støtte og behandling. Det er på trods af, at selvmordsforsøget er udløst af akkumulerede psykosociale problemstillinger og på trods af, at opfølgning kan forebygge recidiv. Selvmordstruede børn og...

  3. I allmänhetens tjänst på Facebook : En undersökning av SVT:s strävan efter dialog

    OpenAIRE

    Avebäck, Erik; Edström, Petter

    2015-01-01

    This study intends to research SVT’s work with dialogical and symmetrical two-way communication with their audience on the social media site Facebook. Because of SVT’s position as the government’s public broadcasting service, they inheret a certain responsibility towards the population of Sweden. With this study we aim to observe and analyze SVT’s communication on Facebook based on theories, interviews and their own policy regarding communication online. To be able to reach our goals with thi...

  4. After the oil peak - How do we build preparedness with divergent visions of the future?; Efter oljetoppen - Hur bygger vi beredskap naer framtidsbilderna gaar isaer?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helmfrid, Hillevi; Haden, Andrew

    2006-04-15

    This report was written to highlight important issues regarding the preparedness of Swedish society for a potential scarcity of crude oil and possible rapid increases in energy prices. The report consists of nine chapters covering the following topics: Chapter 1 introduces and describes the purpose of the report. Chapter 2 summarizes the available information related to the future availability of conventional crude oil and describes the theory of oil production 'peak'. Chapter 3 examines estimates of future oil demand using IEA global demand forecasts. Chapter 4 considers the question: 'when will oil production peak'? We examine the assumptions behind the various prognoses. Chapter 5 offers a broad overview of the importance of oil consumption for society. The chapter highlights the concept of Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI) as it pertains to fossil and renewable energy sources. The EROEI of conventional crude oil has historically been very high. This is not true of many alternative fuels. In addition to discussing its various current uses, we consider the implications of oil consumption for the current economic order and for international political relations. Chapter 6 deals specifically with the role of oil in the Swedish food system, and the Swedish forestry system, which together comprise the Swedish 'green sector'. As of this writing, much attention is focused on agriculture and forestry as future energy sources for society. At the same time, we know that agriculture and forestry, as practiced today, are large consumers of fossil fuels. How this paradox can be resolved is a central question for modern societies, and implies significant changes for agriculture and forestry systems, and their associated industries. As an illustration, we offer baseline calculations of the amount of land that would need to be dedicated to raw material production for biofuels, given the current productivity of Sweden's agriculture and forestry, and the efficiency of existing technology for converting raw material to biofuels. We estimate the land needed to meet Sweden's gasoline and diesel use in the following forms: ethanol from wheat, biodiesel from rapeseed (RME), dimethyl ether (DME) from woody biomass, ethanol from woody biomass, and biogas produced from dedicated pasture crops. Our calculations indicate that Sweden would require as little as 4 million hectares of dedicated pasture crops to be grown for biogas production to replace its gasoline and diesel consumption, 6 million hectares to produce an equivalent amount of ethanol and RME, or 15 million hectares of forestland to replace this consumption by converting wood into ethanol or DME and/or methanol. Given that Sweden currently has 2.6 million hectares of arable land in active production, and approximately 22.7 million hectares of economically productive forestland, becoming free of oil dependence will be a significant challenge. Chapter 7 presents two future visions from the year 2100. The visions highlight the current diversity of values and expectations that exist in Sweden regarding the future development. The visions take into account three system levels: 1) the global level, 2) Sweden at the national level and, 3) the Swedish 'green sector'. These three system levels are described within two broad future visions: a) the 'high-energy society' and b) the 'low-energy society'. The 'high-energy society' vision is based on the assumption that replacing oil will be relatively easy. In contrast, the 'low-energy society' vision is based on the assumption that today's high level of energy consumption will be impossible to maintain after global oil production peaks, and society will be forced to find new patterns of organization that require less energy consumption. In both visions it is presumed that global solidarity is maintained, and humanity is able to equalize the global income gap, preserve world peace and protect the environment. Chapter 8 looks closer at the two visions and analyzes the risks associated with steering society towards one of the two visions if the fundamental assumptions underlying that vision turn out to be incorrect. The salient features of the high-energy vision stem from assumptions made regarding nature and technology, including: the potential for energy-efficient capture of carbon dioxide, the long-term sustainability of biofuel production, the potential of breakthroughs in solar-hydrogen technology, improved photosynthesis through genetic engineering, increased energy efficiency through information technology solutions, and the potential to close material cycles while maintaining high levels of energy use. The high-energy vision further assumes stable oil prices, that income inequality between nations will automatically be equalized in a free market setting, that we can protect the climate while maintaining high levels of energy use, that efficiency gains will not be nullified through higher consumption, and that society is able to monitor the global ecosystem and thereby avoid unpleasant surprises. The salient features of the low-energy vision stem from the assumption that current economic, political, and institutional realities need to be re-oriented towards post-materialist values, while new ground rules for trade and development are instituted at the global level that promote justice and resource stewardship, thus allowing the global economy to contract in an orderly fashion without collapsing. Chapter 9 presents our conclusions. Our analysis indicates that if the assumptions underlying the high-energy vision prove to be incorrect, there is a risk that the social and ecological consequences could be severe. A primary drawback with the low-energy vision is that it is extremely difficult to imagine when and how this vision would be enacted, given current trends.

  5. Magnetisk resonans-spektroskopi ved fibromyalgi. En undersøgelse af fosfat-31 spektra fra skeletmuskulaturen i hvile, under og efter arbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Søren; Jensen, K E; Thomsen, C

    1994-01-01

    31phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR) spectroscopy of painful calf muscle was performed in 12 patients with fibromyalgia and 7 healthy subjects during rest, aerobic and anaerobic exercising conditions, and postexercise recovery. Ratios of inorganic phosphate and creatine phosphate (Pi...

  6. Opfølgning efter nontyfoid Salmonella-bakteriæmi er vigtig på grund af risiko for endovaskulær infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sydenham, Thomas Vognbjerg; Andersen, Åse Bengård

    2015-01-01

    /computed tomography showed aortitis. Ceftriaxon and ciprofloxacin was administered. The patient was not a candidate for surgery and two weeks later he died from multiple organ failure. Follow-up visits with blood cultures after the first bacteraemia episode might have allowed for earlier diagnosis of the relapse....

  7. En litteraturbaseret gennemgang af mulige velfærdsmæssig betydning af brugen af længerevarende smertelindring til kalve efter afhorning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herskin, Mette S.; Nielsen, Bodil Højlund

    2018-01-01

    Dette er et udvidet sammendrag af vidensyntesen. Store dele af vidensyntesen er under review til et videnskabeligt tidsskrift, og kan derfor ikke offentliggøres elektronisk før denne proces er afsluttet. Den fulde rapport kan fremsendes pr. mail. Hvis du gerne vil have den tilsendt, så send en mail...

  8. Long-term growth responses of ash addition and liming - Preliminary results from a pilot study; Laangtidseffekter paa skogsproduktion efter askaaterfoering och kalkning - Preliminaera resultat fraan en pilotstudie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sikstroem, Ulf; Jacobson, Staffan (Skogsbrukets Forskningsinstitut (Skogforsk), Uppsala Science Park, SE-751 83 Uppsala (Sweden)); Johansson, Ulf (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, The Unit for field-based forest research, Box 17, SE-310 38 Simlaangsdalen (Sweden)); Kukkola, Mikko; Saarsalmi, Anna (Metla, P.O. Box 18, FIN-01301 Vantaa (Finland)); Holt-Hansen, Kjersti (Norsk Institutt for skog og landskap, P.B. 115, NO-1431 Aas (Norway))

    2009-04-15

    Under this pilot study with preliminary results revealed trends in the experimental material which indicated that the addition of ashes or lime in the coniferous forest on mineral soil can lead to reduced stem growth on land with low fertility, unchanged stem growth in medium productive land, while growth may increase land with high fertility. This applied to both periods of 5-15 years and in the longer term (17-23 years; lime). Hence, the hypothesis, regarding the growth being dependent on soil fertility expressed as fertility, could not be rejected. However, previously reported indications of a similar connection with the C/N ratio in the humus was not confirmed in this first evaluation of the material

  9. Mellem storpolitik og værkstedsgulv. Den danske arbejder - før, under og efter Den kolde krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Niels Jul

    2004-01-01

    for den løn­arbejdende del af befolkningen og dens politiske repræsentanter? Og hvilken rolle er den jævne arbejder blevet tildelt i denne historie? Gennem et nærbillede af Danmarks mest karakteristiske - og politisk iscenesat­te - virksomhed, Burmeister & Wain, undersøges sammenhængen mellem skiften......, 1950ernes og -60ernes koldkrigs­klima med benhårde fronter mellem kommuni­ster og social­demokrater, radikali­seringen omkring 1970, til østblokkens sam­menbrud og de sidste årtiers udvikling, der har betydet, at man i dag ikke længere taler om 'arbejdere'....

  10. En förändrad yrkesidentitet: Förskollärares berättelser fyra och tolv år efter examen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inger Eline Hensvold

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Title: A changed professional identity: Preschools teachers’ narratives twelve years after examination.Abstract: How do preschool-teachers describe their professional work with children four and twelve years after their graduation? The purpose was also to identify important factors concerning their professional development and identity. The empirical data are the narratives of three Swedish preschool-teachers, four and twelve years after their teacher graduation. The narrative is considered, according to Giddens (2008 as an expression of the professional identity, which is regarded as a relational concept and deals with the ability to be occupied with a specific narrative. Three recurrent themes were identified in the narratives, which show a changed professional identity. The first is a changed professional identity concerning a process from adaption to challenge in relation to the preschools self-narratives. The second is about a changed professional identity in relation to care and education. The third theme describes a change from focusing the teacher’s listening to the child into supporting and challenging the child’s learning process.

  11. Fælles og gensidige testamenter efter den ny arvelov - med fokus på længstlevende testators testations- og rådighedsbeføjelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthusen, Rasmus Kristian

    2008-01-01

    Ved arveloven indførtes bl.a. nye regler for fælles testamenter, hvilke i væsentlig omfang afviger fra reglerne i den nu ophævede arvelov. I artiklen analyseres føromtalte regler, der er placeret i arvelovens kap. 13, idet den nye definition »fælles testamente«, kritiseres for ikke at indeholde...

  12. Material properties in turbine blades of nickel-base alloy IN792 after long operating time; Materialegenskaper hos turbinskovlar av nickelbaslegeringen IN792 efter laang drifttid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karlsson, Fredrik [Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Finspaang (Sweden)

    2005-01-01

    Research on nickel-base alloys almost always includes mechanical testing of new material in order to ensure sufficient lifetime for the intended application. Metallographic examinations of service exposed components are sometimes performed but there are rarely any mechanical testing done in order to verify the assumptions made from the changes of in the microstructure that are observed. The testing presented in the report is aimed at observing the difference in mechanical properties for the material IN792 after it has been service exposed in a gas turbine for 60,000 operating hours at temperatures and stresses up to 780 deg C and 220 MPa. To try to couple changes of mechanical properties to the change of the microstructure, a metallographic examination was performed on both new and service exposed material. The two most significant changes in the microstructure was the overall formation of continuous bands of Cr{sub 23}C{sub 6}-carbides in the grain boundaries and formation of {sigma}-phase in the area close to the surface of the service exposed material. The results from the mechanical testing were probably not influenced of the formation of {sigma}-phase since the test bars weren't taken in areas where {sigma}-phase had formed. The mechanical testing showed that the impact toughness in service exposed material has been reduced by 30-60 % in the temperature interval 20-800 deg C and that the ductility of the material has been reduced approximately 20 % at room temperature and 30-50 % at service temperature. The reduction is assumed to be related to the Cr{sub 23}C{sub 6}-carbide formation in the grain boundaries. An increase of the stress at 0,02 % inelastic strain with approximately 10 % was observed at room temperature after service exposure and a reduction of the same stress with 20 % was seen at service temperature. The difference in stress at 0,2 % inelastic strain was significantly less. The rupture stress was unchanged except in the test bars taken from the hottest sections of the blade where a decrease of 70-80 MPa was observed both at room temperature and service temperature for service exposed material. Creep testing showed that service exposed material in some cases had less primary creep than new material. This is probably due to that networks of dislocations have formed in the new material. Examination of creep tested test bars shows that creep cavities can be observed at latest after 1,4 % creep strain at 800 deg C and 300 MPa. Results from fatigue testing indicate that there is no noticeable difference in the fatigue resistance, neither at room or service temperature.

  13. Total paratyreoidektomi og autotransplantation af parathyreoideavaev. Vurdering af autotransplantatets funktion 5-10 år efter operationen ved hjoelp af lokal iskoemisk blokade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, L; Brandi, L; Daugaard, H

    1997-01-01

    hyperparathyroidism (HPT) and one patient suffered from hypoparathyroidism. Nine of the patients were available for measurements of the plasma concentrations of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) at rest and during a shortlasting ischaemic blockade of the autotransplant. In eight patients, the ischaemic blockade...... alternative to the surgical treatment of secondary HPT and that the ischaemic blockade manoeuvre seems suitable for assessment of the function of parathyroid autotransplants....

  14. På spaning efter faktorer som påverkar studietiden vid musikskolor : En enkätundersökning bland rektorer för musik- och kulturskolor

    OpenAIRE

    Pahlén, Henrik

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation is to see if there is any difference in how long pupils are staying in the activity of the music- and culture schools in the country. I have compared this with how large the teachers engagements are in average at each school, how many teachers each school holds and if one teacher is teaching within different areas, e.g. on different instruments. Thru mail contact with the headmasters at the music- and culture schools I have gathered data concerning the length...

  15. Opfølgning efter nontyfoid Salmonella-bakteriæmi er vigtig på grund af risiko for endovaskulær infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sydenham, Thomas Vognbjerg; Andersen, Åse Bengård

    2015-01-01

    An 81-year-old male with atherosclerosis had an episode of bacteraemia with Salmonella dublin six weeks prior to admission to hospital. He presented with confusion, fever and abdominal pain. Blood cultures revealed S. dublin, and an 18F-fluor deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tom......An 81-year-old male with atherosclerosis had an episode of bacteraemia with Salmonella dublin six weeks prior to admission to hospital. He presented with confusion, fever and abdominal pain. Blood cultures revealed S. dublin, and an 18F-fluor deoxyglucose positron emission tomography...

  16. Energetics Laboratory Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — These energetic materials laboratories are equipped with explosion proof hoods with blow out walls for added safety, that are certified for safe handling of primary...

  17. Atrial fibrillation in the Danish population

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Lock

    2010-01-01

    Atrieflimren er den hyppigst forekommende behandlingskrævende arytmi i den danske befolkning. 50.000 – 70.000 vurderes at lide af sygdommen. Tromboemboli, apopleksi og perifere systemiske embolier, er den hyppigste og alvorligste komplikation til atrieflimren. Det skønnes, at atrieflimren er den ...

  18. Draining and drying process development of the Tokamak Cooling Water System of ITER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seokho, E-mail: kims@ornl.gov [US ITER, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Van Hove, Walter; Ferrada, Juan [US ITER, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Di Maio, Pietro Alessandro [University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Palermo 90128 (Italy); Felde, David [Reactor and Nuclear Systems Division, ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Raphael, Mitteau; Dell’Orco, Giovanni [ITER Organization, 13067 St Paul Lez Durance (France); Berry, Jan [US ITER, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2016-11-01

    Highlights: • A thermal-hydraulic model using RELAP was developed for the ITER FW/BLK modules to determine design parameters for the nitrogen blowout flow rate and pressure. • The analysis indicates that as low as 2 MPa of pressure difference over the blanket modules will sufficiently evacuate the water in blankets. • A limited validation study indicates that the analysis yields less conservative results to compare against data collected from experiments. Therefore, the designed blow out flow of the drying system was selected with a large margin above the measured values to ensure the blow out operation. - Abstract: The ITER Organization (IO) developed a thermal-hydraulic (TH) model of the complex first wall and blanket (FW/BLK) cooling channels to determine gas flow rate and pressure required to effectively blow out the water in the FW/BLK. In addition, US ITER conducted experiments for selected geometries of FW/BLK flow channels to predict the blowout parameters. The analysis indicates that as low as 2 MPa of pressure difference over the blanket modules will ensure substantial evacuation of the water in blankets with just a few percent remaining in the blanket flow channels. A limited validation study indicates that the analysis yields less conservative results to compare against data collected from experiments. Therefore, the designed blow out flow of the drying system was selected with a large margin above the measured values to ensure the blow out operation.

  19. Fokus på anvendelsen af de sikrede afdelinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lisbeth; Zobbe, Karen

    eller sekundær traumatisering. Denne gruppe havde også det største recidiv til kriminalitet efter udskrivning fra den sikrede afdeling. Unge anden- eller tredjegenerationsindvandrere efter arbejdskraftindvandringen i 1960'erne udgjorde mindre en 1/5 af de indskrevne, og gruppen viste sig, i modsætning...

  20. Strategiske valg der startede en altødelæggende borgerkrig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cramer-Larsen, Lars

    2015-01-01

    6. De militære perspektiver af den syriske borgerkrig (Lars Cramer-Larsen) Der tages udgangspunkt i en diskussion af den syriske statsopbygning efter Hafez al-Assad magtovertagelse i slutningen af 1960’erne, herunder udviklingen i de Civil-Militære Relationer efter konsolideringen af den Alawite...

  1. Toneren kvalitetskrise på Hawaii

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Redvall, Eva Novrup

    2012-01-01

    Syv år efter ’Sideways’ er Alexander Payne omsider tilbage med et nyt galleri af kantede karakterer og komplicerede livskriser i Hawaii-herligheden ’The Descendants’......Syv år efter ’Sideways’ er Alexander Payne omsider tilbage med et nyt galleri af kantede karakterer og komplicerede livskriser i Hawaii-herligheden ’The Descendants’...

  2. Bolig for livet - Home for life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ellen Kathrine; Lildholdt, Rikke

    2009-01-01

    Visionen, designprocessen og gennemgang af projektet Bolig for livet, det første byggeri efter Active House visionen og danske + energihus.......Visionen, designprocessen og gennemgang af projektet Bolig for livet, det første byggeri efter Active House visionen og danske + energihus....

  3. Hvad vil manden?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fastrup, Anne

    2012-01-01

    En undersøgelse af den mandlige identitet i Lars Frosts tre romaner Smukke biler efter krigen (2004), Ubevidst rødgang (2008) og Skønvirke (2011)......En undersøgelse af den mandlige identitet i Lars Frosts tre romaner Smukke biler efter krigen (2004), Ubevidst rødgang (2008) og Skønvirke (2011)...

  4. Nyfigen robot

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Olaf Pepke

    2013-01-01

    Marsudforskning. Det rullende laboratorium Curiosity har nu kørt rundt på Mars i et halvt år. Hidtil har der ikke været de store overraskelser, og det er helt efter planen. Men nu har den kurs mod det 5.500 meter høje bjerg Aeolis Mons for at bore efter sedimenter....

  5. Fremtidens ruiner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ladegaard, Jakob

    rumforskning og det såkaldte ”space race” mod USA. Efter Sovjetunionens sammenbrud har forfattere som Victor Pelevin, filmskabere som Ulrich Seidl og fotografer som Hrair Sarkissian behandlet sporene efter den kollektive drøm om verdensrummet som knudepunkter for en kritisk erindringsproces, hvor historie og...

  6. Flokstørrelsens indflydelse på slagtesvins produktionsevne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovly Petersen, E.; Keller Nielsen, E.

    Rapporten beskriver undersøgelser af hvordan slagtesvins tilvækst, foderforbrug, slagtekvalitet og sundhedstilstand påvirkes af antallet af grise pr. sti. For grise fodret efter norm har produktionsresultatet været lidt bedre med 8 grise pr. sti fremfor med 16 eller 32 grise. For grise fodret efter...

  7. Din tandbørste og pejsen er online

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Det er snart definitivt slut med de store mysterier om flys forsvinden og massive eftersøgninger efter overlevende. Danske Naviair er i disse år med til at sende 66 satellitter i kredsløb om Jorden. Så kan alle kommercielle fly følges, uanset hvor på jordkloden de befinder sig....

  8. Den velsmurte erhvervsmaskine stikker af med teknologien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liebetrau, Tobias

    2016-01-01

    Vi må som samfund gribe taktstokken og forholde os til teknologiens samfunds- og menneskeforandrende potentiale. Alternativet er, at vi kommer til at danse efter toner fra erhvervslivets profitorkester......Vi må som samfund gribe taktstokken og forholde os til teknologiens samfunds- og menneskeforandrende potentiale. Alternativet er, at vi kommer til at danse efter toner fra erhvervslivets profitorkester...

  9. Profeten og novembersjælen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nord, Johan Christian

    2016-01-01

    En artikel om Johannes Jørgensens læsning af Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden frem mod og efter hans konversion til katolicismen.......En artikel om Johannes Jørgensens læsning af Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden frem mod og efter hans konversion til katolicismen....

  10. Arthur Schopenhauers betydning for Johannes Jørgensens omvendelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nord, Johan Christian

    2013-01-01

    Artikel om Johannes Jørgensens interesse for Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden lige op til og efter Jørgensens konversion til katolicismen......Artikel om Johannes Jørgensens interesse for Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden lige op til og efter Jørgensens konversion til katolicismen...

  11. Post-construction evaluation of bird abundances and distributions in the Horns Rev 2 offshore wind farm area, 2011 and 2012

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ib Krag; Nielsen, Rasmus Due; Mackenzie, Monique L.

    2014-01-01

    Optællinger af fugle fra fly efter linjetransekt-metoden blev anvendt til at beskrive fuglenes antal og udbredelse i undersøgelsesområdet. Ti optællinger før Horns Rev 2 mølleparkens opførelse blev sammenlignet med ti optællinger foretaget efter parkens etablering. Rumlig modellering blev anvendt...

  12. Levende branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Majken

    2013-01-01

    Mottoet »Boston Strong« efter bombeangrebet ved Boston Marathon viser, at ingen branding er stærkere end det, der vokser ud af det levede liv.......Mottoet »Boston Strong« efter bombeangrebet ved Boston Marathon viser, at ingen branding er stærkere end det, der vokser ud af det levede liv....

  13. Confronting the Imaginary of the Artificial. From cyberspace to the internet and from the internet to us

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Anders Ib

    Afhandlingen undersøger det “artificielle efter computeren”, dvs. efter opfindelsen af “computation” (maskinberegnelig databehandling i bred forstand) i midten af det 20 århundrede som en form for kreativ imagination: det vil sige som en kreativ horisont for at forestille sig, artikulere og orien...

  14. Use of primary health care prior to a postpartum psychiatric episode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk-Olsen, Trine; Pedersen, Henrik Søndergaard; Laursen, Thomas Munk

    2015-01-01

    Mange kvinder udvikler psykisk sygdom efter en fødsel. Dette studie undersøger mønstre i kontakten med den praktiserende læge for de kvinder, der rammes efter en fødsel. Resultaterne viser, at de kvinder, som senere udviklede psykisk sygdom, havde betydeligt flere konsultationer hos deres egen læ...

  15. Alt er ændret. Intet er afklaret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helmersen, Ole

    2017-01-01

    Brexit kan redefinere landets internationale rolle lige så meget som Suezkrisen. Men 15 måneder efter afstemningen er der stadig ingen svar.......Brexit kan redefinere landets internationale rolle lige så meget som Suezkrisen. Men 15 måneder efter afstemningen er der stadig ingen svar....

  16. Starskuddet til det postfaktuelle demokrati: "Alternative kendsgerninger"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella

    2017-01-01

    Et nyt begreb har set dagens lys efter Donald Trumps tiltrædelse som USA’s 45. præsident – ”alternative kendsgerninger”.......Et nyt begreb har set dagens lys efter Donald Trumps tiltrædelse som USA’s 45. præsident – ”alternative kendsgerninger”....

  17. Den Sorte Engel belaster fortsat miljøet ved Maarmorilik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voigt, Steen

    2008-01-01

    Næsten 20 år efter, at minedriften efter bly og zink ved Maarmorilik i Uummannaq kommune i det nordvestlige Grønland blev indstillet, belastes de omkringliggende fjorde og landområder fortsat med de to metaller. Det fremgår af den seneste rapport fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus U...

  18. Notat vedr. muligheder for at styrke det faglige niveau i matematik og naturfag

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busch, Henrik; Horst, Sebastian

    Dette notat er i foråret 2005 udarbejdet af Henrik Busch og Sebastian Horst for Undervisnings-ministeriet i forbindelse med forberedelsen til Globaliseringsrådets arbejde i efteråret 2005. Notatet er i november 2005 gjort offentligt tilgængeligt efter aftale med Undervisningsministeriet. I den fo...

  19. Hvorfor sætter folk ild til sig selv?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrebye, Silas

    2011-01-01

    Mellemøsten brød i brand efter en mand satte ild til sig selv. Et bevis på revolutioner skal selvantændes?......Mellemøsten brød i brand efter en mand satte ild til sig selv. Et bevis på revolutioner skal selvantændes?...

  20. Evolution in Lego. A physical simulation of adaptation by natural selection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jakob; Kanneworff, Morten

    2009-01-01

    En simulering af mekanismen bag naturlig udvælgelse ved at bruge legorger, organismer bygget af 6 legoklodser, og med en genetisk kode, der bestemmer hvordan klodserne er placeret og dermed formen på dyret. Legorgerne tildeles fitness efter, hvor langt de kan bevæge sig. Efter fem generationers s...

  1. On the estimation of short- and long-run elasticities in U.S. petroleum consumption : comment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Jan Børsen; Engsted, Tom

    1996-01-01

    Artiklen, der er formet som en kommentar til en tidligere artikel af Clifton Jones i Southern Economic Journal, anvender kointegrationsmetoder til analyse af efterspørgslen efter petroleum i USA.......Artiklen, der er formet som en kommentar til en tidligere artikel af Clifton Jones i Southern Economic Journal, anvender kointegrationsmetoder til analyse af efterspørgslen efter petroleum i USA....

  2. Listed Companies - between Company Law and Financial Market Law in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Nis Jul

    2010-01-01

    Efter en analyse af udviklingen i en række landes selskabs- og børsretlige reformen analyseres det, hvorledes skillelinjen mellem selskabsretlig og børsretlig regulering er i dansk ret efter reformen af selskabsloven i 2009/2010...

  3. Clusters in an age of increasing internationalisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illeris, Sven

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen studerer tekstil- og beklædningsklyngen i Herning, som opstod i 1930erne og voksede efter 2. verdenskrig. Da den blev udsat for konkurrence fra lavtlønslandene i Central- og Østeuropa og Østasien efter 1990, overlevede den næsten uden arbejdsløshed. På denne baggrund diskuteres spørgsmål...

  4. Positiv effekt af omstridt pointsystem på dansk forskningsproduktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingwersen, Peter; Larsen, Birger

    2014-01-01

    Et meget omdiskuteret pointsystem, der fordeler basismidler til forskning efter universiteternes produktivitet, har en mærkbar positiv effekt på dansk forskningsproduktion.......Et meget omdiskuteret pointsystem, der fordeler basismidler til forskning efter universiteternes produktivitet, har en mærkbar positiv effekt på dansk forskningsproduktion....

  5. Miljöcertifieringen 14001 – ett nödvändigt ont. : En kvalitativ studie om svenska små- och medelstora företags upplevelser av ISO 14001 efter 2015 år uppdatering.

    OpenAIRE

    Axelsson, Anton; Melkersson, Victor

    2017-01-01

    Bakgrund: Det är problematiskt att implementera hållbara styrmedel i små- och medelstora företag (SMF) enligt tidigare forskning. Miljöledningssystem är ett populärt hållbart styrmedel där många svenska SMF har certifierat sig mot miljöledningsstandarden ISO 14001. I och med uppdateringen ISO 14001:2015 tillkom nya krav där organisationer har tre år på sig att uppdatera standarden. Det är därmed relevant att studera svenska SMF som nyligen uppdaterat sin miljöcertifiering samt att få ta del a...

  6. Den tyska skälvförståelsen efter andra världskriget har än så länge inte tillåtit en österrikisk utveckling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, Hans-Åke

    2016-01-01

    Det går naturligtvis att generalisera om högerpopulismens framgångar i Europa. En annan möjlighet är att individualisera och granska de enskilda staterna och deras politiska kultur.......Det går naturligtvis att generalisera om högerpopulismens framgångar i Europa. En annan möjlighet är att individualisera och granska de enskilda staterna och deras politiska kultur....

  7. Soil water, needle chemistry and tree growth after treatment with different doses and types of limestone; Markvatten, barrkemi och traedtillvaext efter behandling med olika doser och sorter av kalk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akselsson, Cecilia; Westling, Olle; Larsson, Per-Erik; Petersson, Per

    2000-10-01

    The Swedish Board of Forestry co-ordinates extensive research concerning liming and nutrient compensation on acid forest soils in Sweden. Results from the experimental work are presented in annual reports. This annual report for 1999 describes effects on soil water chemistry, nutrient content in needles and forest growth in experimental plots with untreated spruce forest compared to plots treated with different doses (3, 6, and 12 tons per hectare) of limestone. Concerning soil water chemistry effects were also related to four different kinds of substances; crushed or finely ground limestone (CaCO{sub 3}) or dolomite (CaMg(CO{sub 3}){sub 2}). Results from a period of seven years are presented. The experiment was started in 1992. All combinations of dose and type of limestone resulted in increased concentrations of calcium in soil water (50 cm) and higher base cation/ aluminium ratio. The response was dependent of the dose, especially with limestone. Dolomite increased the concentrations of magnesium, but the effect was not clearly dependent of the dose. The results of the experiment demonstrates that it is possible to decrease the acidity of soil water (50 cm) relatively rapid with liming (in a few months), especially with high doses and finely ground limestone. Hydrogen ions and aluminium in soil water showed a tendency to decrease after most of the different treatments. Concentrations of potassium were low before the experiment started, and there was a tendency that the highest dose (12 tons per hectare) decreased the already low concentrations. Increased leakage of nitrogen has been mentioned as a risk in connection with forest liming. This experiment showed no decrease during the studied period of the originally low concentrations of inorganic nitrogen after the treatments. Liming resulted in increased concentrations of calcium in needles, and the response was dependent of dose. The concentrations of manganese and aluminium decreased after most of the treatments. No effect on forest growth was detected five years after liming with all doses and types of limestone.

  8. Hvordan man ligger sig til hovedrollen på fransk efter først at have væltet kaffen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korzen, Hanne

    2016-01-01

    The article treats two fundamental aspects of French and Danish that can be explained by Per Durst Andersen’s theory: 1) Restrictions on the use of the free adjunct to the object. 2) The expression of concrete and abstract movement and position in Danish and French. The first construction type...... behaves in the same way in the two languages, probably due to the human cognitive apparatus. Durst-Andersen’s theory permits to explain an important aspect of that problem that could not be explained by the “classical” theory of “aktionsart”. As for the second construction type, Danish and French behave...

  9. Presentation of safety after closure of the repository for spent nuclear fuel. Main report of the project SR-Site. Part III; Redovisning av saekerhet efter foerslutning av slutfoervaret foer anvaent kaernbraensle. Huvudrapport fraan projekt SR-Site. Del III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of the safety assessment SR-Site is to investigate whether a safe repository for spent nuclear fuel by KBS-3 type can be constructed at Forsmark in Oesthammar in Sweden. The location of the Forsmark has been selected based on results of several surveys from surface conditions at depth in Forsmark and in Laxemar in Oskarshamn. The choice of location is not justified in SR-Site Report, but in other attachments to SKB's permit applications. SR-Site Report is an important part of SKB's permit applications to construct and operate a repository for spent nuclear fuel at Forsmark in Oesthammar. The purpose of the report in the applications is to show that a repository at Forsmark is safe after closure

  10. Proposal of performance indicators/model for Operational Readiness Verification (ORV) at restart after a planned shutdown; Framtagning av bedoemningsfaktorer/modell foer utvaerdering av driftklarhetsverifiering (DKV) infoer uppstart efter revisionsavstaellning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollnagel, Erik; Nygren, Magnus [Linkoeping Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Computer and Information Science

    2005-12-15

    The objectives of the study reported here were to propose a model that can be used in the analysis of possible future ORV-related events and to outline a set of performance indicators that can be used by the inspectorate to assess a utility's level of readiness if an ORV-event should take place. Together the two objectives serve to improve the inspectorate's ability to ensure that the utilities maintain an adequate capability to respond. The background for the current study is the nine ORV events that occurred in Sweden between 1995- 1998, as well as the findings of a previous study of safety during outage and restart of nuclear power plants project. This study found that the three levels or types of tests that occur in ORV were used according to need rather than according to a predefined arrangement or procedure, and that tasks were adapted relative to the different types of embedding and the degree of correspondence between nominal and actual ORV. The organisation's coping with the complexity of ORV was discussed by the relation between expectations and surprises, how planning was used as control, attention to details, and the practices of shift changes. It is a truism that accidents are analysed and interpreted relative to a commonly accepted understanding of their nature. This understanding is, however, relative rather than absolute, and has changed significantly during the last decade. In the 1990s, accidents were analysed step by step, and explanations and recommendations therefore emphasised specific rather than generic solutions. The present study illustrates this by going through the responses to the nine ORV events. Following that, the nine events are analysed anew using a contemporary understanding of accidents (a systemic model), which emphasises that incidents more often arise from context induced performance variability than from failures of people. The alternative interpretation provided by a systemic model is illustrated by a detailed analysis of the 323-event. This leads to a proposal of an ORV-model based on the concept of maintaining control. According to this, it is essential that an organisation (a system) knows how to respond (reaction), knows what to look for (observation, attention), and knows what to anticipate (prediction). While an organisation must possess those qualities to respond to an incident in the short term, a regulator must assess the organisation possesses those qualities in the long term. In terms of performance indicators, ten Common Performance Conditions are proposed. Each is assessed with regard to whether it can be the basis of practical measurements and whether it can be used concretely to induce an improvement to operational readiness. The re-analysis of the nine ORV events suggested that adequacy of organisation, adequacy of training and experience, availability of procedures and plans, and available time would be the most important performance indicators. Further work should look into detailed measurement methods, evaluation criteria, and means of intervention all based on an explicit model of safety as an organisational function.

  11. Presentation of safety after closure of the repository for spent nuclear fuel. Main report of the project SR-Site. Part II; Redovisning av saekerhet efter foerslutning av slutfoervaret foer anvaent kaernbraensle. Huvudrapport fraan projekt SR-Site. Del II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of the safety assessment SR-Site is to investigate whether a safe repository for spent nuclear fuel by KBS-3 type can be constructed at Forsmark in Oesthammar in Sweden. The location of the Forsmark has been selected based on results of several surveys from surface conditions at depth in Forsmark and in Laxemar in Oskarshamn. The choice of location is not justified in SR-Site Report, but in other attachments to SKB's permit applications. SR-Site Report is an important part of SKB's permit applications to construct and operate a repository for spent nuclear fuel at Forsmark in Oesthammar. The purpose of the report in the applications is to show that a repository at Forsmark is safe after closure

  12. Presentation of safety after closure of the repository for spent nuclear fuel. Main report of the project SR-Site. Part I; Redovisning av saekerhet efter foerslutning av slutfoervaret foer anvaent kaernbraensle. Huvudrapport fraan projekt SR-Site. Del I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of the safety assessment SR-Site is to investigate whether a safe repository for spent nuclear fuel by KBS-3 type can be constructed at Forsmark in Oesthammar in Sweden. The location of the Forsmark has been selected based on results of several surveys from surface conditions at depth in Forsmark and in Laxemar in Oskarshamn. The choice of location is not justified in SR-Site Report, but in other attachments to SKB's permit applications. SR-Site Report is an important part of SKB's permit applications to construct and operate a repository for spent nuclear fuel at Forsmark in Oesthammar. The purpose of the report in the applications is to show that a repository at Forsmark is safe after closure

  13. Development, control and counter-measures regarding radioactive caesium in Swedish reindeer after the Chernobyl accident; Utveckling, oevervakning och aatgaerder naer det gaeller radioaktivt cesium i renar efter Tjernobylolyckan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aahman, Birgitta [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden). Reindeer Husbandry Unit

    2005-10-01

    Since the Chernobyl accident in 1986, monitoring of {sup 137}Cs in reindeer has been made at slaughter, by measuring muscle samples or by direct monitoring of gamma radiation on reindeer carcasses. Carcasses above the accepted limit have been discarded. Many carcasses were discarded during the first years, but now the number is only some per cent of the total slaughter. The radiocaesium intake in reindeer varies with season, which is reflected in the levels in reindeer, which are low in summer and high in winter. The levels of {sup 137}Cs have declined from 1986 to 2004 with an average effective half-life of 5.3 years. The decline was faster during the first years than during later years. Presently, 16 out of totally 51 reindeer herding districts in Sweden are included in the control of {sup 137}Cs in reindeer. Control is often necessary only in defined areas or at certain periods of the year. Monitoring of {sup 137}Cs in live reindeer is made in addition to the monitoring at slaughter. Counter-measures have been applied in areas where many reindeer are above the accepted limit for {sup 137}Cs. Change of slaughter time and feeding are the most used counter-measures. The reindeer owners are compensated economically from the state for costs related to these counter-measures. The need for measures, and thereby the costs, have decreased with time. In the southern parts of the county of Vaesterbotten and in the northernmost part of Jaemtland, where the Chernobyl fallout was the highest, it will probably still take at least ten to twenty years until measures and control are no longer needed.

  14. Köp av bostad efter införandet av bolånetaket : Hur påverkar konsumentens förutsättningar valet av finansieringsalternativ?

    OpenAIRE

    Kullman, Jonathan; Nilsson, Sanne

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: A general guideline was introduced on October first 2010 regarding a mortgage cap, limiting the degree of leverage of housing as collateral. Through the new guidelines the marked conditions concerning consumers’ choice of mortgage has changed. The consumers are limited in the sense that they can’t only use mortgage when purchasing a house. In this context there is a higher burden on the consumers in different aspects. In this study we intend to investigate how the consumers’ con...

  15. "Hun forsvinder ikke" - et kvalitativt studie af døende patienters og pårørendes overvejelser om en fortsat relation efter døden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moestrup, Lene; Hvidt, Niels Christian; Hansen, Helle Ploug

    2014-01-01

    relationships after death. Through a narrative-inspired analysis of interviews and informal conversations held during field observation it is demonstrated that the participants’ stories encompass two categories of ongoing contact: “meeting places” and “ways to meet”. Regardless of their existential or spiritual...... orientation, the participants constructed stories about their relationships in which the dying patient did not disappear with death. It thus seems that an ongoing relationship – in a secular or spiritual way – can be maintained. These stories contributed to create new meaning in the relationship between...

  16. Ash addition after whole-tree harvesting on fertile sites in southern Sweden Establishment of two field trials; Askaaterfoering efter skogsbraensleuttag paa boerdig skogsmark i soedra Sverige Anlaeggning av tvaa faeltfoersoek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sikstroem, Ulf; Hoegbom, Lars; Jacobson, Staffan; Lundstroem, Hagos; Ring, Eva

    2012-02-15

    In Sweden, the Swedish Forest Agency recommend ash recycling after whole-tree harvest (WTH), i.e. the whole tree above the stump is harvested. If this recommendation is complied, ash recycling will become a quite extensive forestry practice. To gain more knowledge regarding effects of ash on tree growth, storage of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) in the upper soil, and soil-water chemistry, two field experiments were established. The experimental design was a randomized block design. Both experiments were installed on quite fertile sites in southern Sweden. On fertile sites (C/N less than 30), ash addition is hypothesized to increase tree growth, reduce the storage of C and N in the upper soil, and increase the concentrations of nitrate in soil water. One experiment (291 Guvarp) was established on a recently harvested clear cut. The sample plots were soil scarified by disc trenching and planted with Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) seedlings. Seedling height was measured at planting, and, two months later, seedling survival and height growth in 2011 was recorded. The other experiment (290 Bala) was located to a Norway spruce stand that was thinned by WTH. The initial registration and sampling comprised stand data and sampling of the upper soil (FH-layer). In addition, suction cups were installed at 50 cm depth for sampling of soil water. The experiments were designed for long-term monitoring, comprising several decades. For most of the variables registered, data did not show any significant differences among means for the plots representing different treatments. Pre-treatment data for individual plots showed acceptable comparability among plots within the blocks, which is a good starting point for detecting future changes caused by the treatments

  17. Growth effects after whole-tree harvest in final cut of Scots pine and Norway spruce forest. Final report; Tillvaexteffekternas storlek och uthaallighet efter skogsbraensleuttag i slutavverkning av tall och gran. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valinger, E. [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Umeaa (Sweden). Dept. of Silviculture

    2001-12-01

    A great concern in forestry today is whether whole-tree harvesting influence site productivity and whether it is consistent with the principle of sustainable use of forest resources. To evaluate this a randomised field experiment established 24 years ago in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in Southern Sweden was used. The field experiment was established in fall 1975 as a naturally regenerated mixed forest with Scots pine and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) with a growing stock of 305 m{sup 3}/ha was clear-cut near Kosta (56 deg 52' N, 15 deg 50' E, 240 m.a.s.l.). The site was a mesic dwarf-shrub type of medium fertility, with an average precipitation of 600 mm yr-1 and the soil was an orthic podzol. Treatments were conventional stem harvest (CH), whole-tree harvest (WTH), and branch and stem harvest (BSH). Scots pine seedlings of local provenance were planted in spring 1977 at the beginning of the second growing season following the harvest. The seedlings were planted in exposed mineral soil in manually scarified patches (40 x 40 cm) at 1.7 m spacing (144 seedlings per assessment plot, i.e. 3 600 seedlings/ha). Based on calliper data, the diameter for the mean basal area per tree (db) was calculated for each plot after 24 years using the formula: db = ({sigma} b{sup 3}/{sigma} b{sup 2}), where b is basal area at breast height for each tree. Three undamaged sample trees with a diameter equal or close to the diameter of the mean basal area per tree were selected on each plot giving 36 stems that were felled for destructive measurements in 2000. Total tree height ({+-} 0.01 m) was measured on every tree felled. Stem biomass was estimated by sampling of stem discs, 2 cm thick, at stump height (1 % of tree height), breast height (1.3 m), and at every meter along the bole. Crown biomass was estimated by sampling live and dead branches on the felled trees. From every whorl of branches one living branch was sampled and all branches were counted. Stem discs and branch material were weighed in the field to the nearest 0.1 g using a mechanical field scale. At the laboratory, the annual ring widths were measured along a transect using the WinDENDRO software. The arithmetic mean of the two corresponding annual ring widths was used in the further calculations to obtain diameters under bark for the successive years 1977-2000. After drying all sampled material was weighed to the nearest 0.1 g. When weighted, total dry weight of crown fractions and wood was calculated according to Albrektson, where the relation between dry and fresh weight of sample from each fraction was multiplied with total fresh weight of fraction. Treatment effects on survival and basal area growth on bark/ha after 24 years were analysed by using Tukey's studentized test on all main effect means. Multiple pair wise comparisons between treatments on single trees to establish the effects of treatment on the depending variables: dry weight of wood, needles, shoot axes and dead branches and in radial, height, and basal area and volume under bark increments were also made using Tukey's studentized test on all main effect means. Seedling survival was unaffected by treatments. Total basal area on bark (m{sup 2}/ha) was significantly reduced following WTH from the 15th year after planting. Trees on CH produced 20% more wood biomass, while biomass produced within the crown was unaffected by treatment. Height growth for trees after CH was higher the last year evaluated, while basal area and volume under bark were larger since the 12th year in comparison with WTH. BSH showed a decreased basal area growth under bark during the two four-year-periods 13-20 years after planting, and a decreased volume growth under bark since year 9 in comparison with CH. Radial growth was increased for CH up to 3 m of the stems during the 9-12 year period and at 3 m during the 13-16 year period. The study indicated a negative effect on stem growth following WTH and BSH during the 24-years period. There was a clear indication of positive influence of slash left after clear-cutting, i.e. tops, branches, and needles, on future biomass growth. The positive response in volume growth can be between 20% during a whole rotation period and a gain of just 3 years growth. When whole-tree harvesting techniques are used, some kind of replacement of removed nutrients, e.g. fertilisation, must take place to maintain site productivity on sites like the presented.

  18. Neue Möglichkeiten zur Reduzierung von postoperativen Adhäsionen

    OpenAIRE

    Grund, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    Peritoneale Verwachsungen sind die häufigste Komplikation nach operativen Eingriffen. Sie haben abdominelle Beschwerden, chronische Ileuszustände und den akuten Ileus zur Folge. Diese peritonealen Reaktionen sind bei Neugeborenen und Säuglingen besonders ausgeprägt. Seit es operative abdominelle Eingriffe gibt, stellt das Vermeiden von peritonealen Adhäsionen ein zentrales Problem dar. Eine Vielzahl von Substanzen, lokal oder systemisch angewendet, wurde getestet, um Adhäsionen zu vermeiden...

  19. Langzeit-implantierte Aorten-Stent-Grafts : Morphologie der Implantations- und Komplikationsmuster

    OpenAIRE

    Ick, Thorben Jannes

    2008-01-01

    Problem: Die endovaskuläre Aortenstentimplantation zeigt gegenüber der offenen Chirurgie eine höhere Rate an Spätkomplikationen. Die Analyse der Komplikationsmuster langzeitimplantierter Stents soll zur Klärung ihrer Pathogenese beitragen. Methode: Es wurden 10 Aortenstentresektate (Zenit, Stentor, Talent, Vanguard) auf komplikative und dynamische Veränderungen makroskopisch, radiographisch, mikroskopisch, immunhistochemisch sowie rasterelektronenmikroskopisch untersucht. Die M...

  20. Rutinemæssig igangsættelse i uge 39

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rydahl, Eva; Hansen, Kit Dynnes; Schroll, Anne-Mette

    2016-01-01

    Flere epidemiologiske undersøgelser har vist, at risikoen for intrauterin mortalitet stiger efter 38. graviditetsuge for at øges betydeligt efter 42. graviditetsuge. Det har ført til, at amerikanske obstetrikere flirter med tanken om, at gravide rutinemæssigt skal have fødslen sat i gang efter ug...... 39 for at nedbringe forekomsten af intrauterin død. En gruppe danske jordemødre har set på evidens og på konsekvenser af tidligere igangsættelse i en dansk kontekst...

  1. Retrospective Morphometric Analysis of the Infraorbital Foramen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-10-26

    Oct 26, 2017 ... E-mail: omiloglu@hotmail.com might occur in the anterior and superior walls during the surgical treatments such as rhinoplasty, Caldwell-Luc surgical procedures, tumor surgery, orbita basis reduction. (blow-out), malar region fractures, and Le Fort type-I osteotomy.[3] Therefore, knowing the localization of ...

  2. High-voltage safety fuses for the transition-radiation tracking detector in the ATLAS experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voronov, SA; Voronov, YA; Onishchenko, EM; Simakov, AB; Sosnovtsev, VV; Suchkov, SI; Sugrobova, TA

    2004-01-01

    A safety fuse has been designed for the electrical protection of gas-filled detectors in the ATLAS experiment at CERN (Geneva, Switzerland). The fuse is a polished lithium niobate plate with a titanium strip of 91-kOmega resistance deposited by the photolithographic technique. The forced blow-out

  3. Importance of Integrated Watershed Management on Water Quality

    OpenAIRE

    BABUR, Emre; KARA, Ömer

    2018-01-01

    Themanagement and planning of water resources recently become important andincreasingly complex. While the most of the developed countries managed theirwater source with sustainable plans to water production, our country has newlystarted the work within its watershed management principles. Due to excessivepopulation growth the environmental problems blow out after industrialization,land degradation, wrong agricultural and forestry applications. Thesemisapplications negatively affect water res...

  4. THE RISK ASSESSMENT OF TOXIC DEFEAT OF THE PEOPLE IN THE ACCIDENTAL EMISSION OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Yu. Gunko

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The 3D numerical model to simulate the toxicant propagation at an industrial site after the emergency blow-out was developed. The model is based on the transport gradient model and the model of inviscous incompressible fluid. The results of numerical experiments are presented.

  5. Diplopia and Orbital Wall Fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boffano, P.; Roccia, F.; Gallesio, C.; Karagozoglu, K.H.; Forouzanfar, T.

    2014-01-01

    Diplopia is a symptom that is frequently associated with orbital wall fractures. The aim of this article was to present the incidence and patterns of diplopia after orbital wall blow-out fractures in 2 European centers, Turin and Amsterdam, and to identify any correlation between this symptom and

  6. Diplopia and orbital wall fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boffano, P.; Roccia, F.; Gallesio, C.; Karagozoglu, K.H.; Forouzanfar, T.

    2014-01-01

    Diplopia is a symptom that is frequently associated with orbital wall fractures. The aim of this article was to present the incidence and patterns of diplopia after orbital wall blow-out fractures in 2 European centers, Turin and Amsterdam, and to identify any correlation between this symptom and

  7. Modeling contractor and company employee behavior in high hazard operation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lin, P.H.; Hanea, D.; Ale, B.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    The recent blow-out and subsequent environmental disaster in the Gulf of Mexico have highlighted a number of serious problems in scientific thinking about safety. Risk models have generally concentrated on technical failures, which are easier to model and for which there are more concrete data.

  8. Refrains of the School Critics: Behind the Rhetoric Lies a Contempt in some Quarters for the Work of Public Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohanian, Susan

    2005-01-01

    George Packer, a New Yorker staff writer, points to the danger of clarity, observing that seemingly simple and tough-minded words blow out as much smoke as the jargon of the Pentagon of decades past. Nowhere is this smoke thicker and trickier than in the lingo the corporate-politico-media squad uses when talking about public schools. At first…

  9. The programme of measures of the water framework directive – more than just a formal compliance tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baaner, Lasse

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer kravene til indsatsprogrammerne efter vandrammedirektivet. Der identificeres fire slags bestemmelser: bestemmelser om foranstaltninger for at nå direktivets miljømål, bestemmelser om foranstaltninger med hensyn til andre forpligtelser i vandrammedirektivet, bestemmelser om for...

  10. Keynes-inspireret makroøkonomisk teori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Jesper

    Keynesian økonomisk teori er ikke et entydigt begreb. Efter udgivelsen af Keynes' hovedværk the General Theory i 1936 har makroøkonomiske teoretikere været travlt optaget af at fortolke indholdet. I dag næsten 70 år efter udgivelsen er der to stærkt afvigende forskningsprogrammer: 1. ny-keynesian......Keynesian økonomisk teori er ikke et entydigt begreb. Efter udgivelsen af Keynes' hovedværk the General Theory i 1936 har makroøkonomiske teoretikere været travlt optaget af at fortolke indholdet. I dag næsten 70 år efter udgivelsen er der to stærkt afvigende forskningsprogrammer: 1. ny...

  11. Skånsomheden af Command CS over for spinat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiassen, Solvejg K

    2012-01-01

    Betydning af sprøjtetidspunkt, sådybde og nedbør efter sprøjtning for skånsomhed af Command CS i spinat blev undersøgt i potteforsøg. Command CS var mest skånsom ved anvendelse før fremspiring. Typiske skader ved sprøjtning efter fremspiring var klorotiske blade. Risikoen for klorotiske blade blev...... øget med stigende udviklingstrin og ved tankblanding med additiver. Uden nedbør efter sprøjtning påvirkede Command CS i doseringer op til 0,5 L/ha ikke fremspiring af spinat uanset sådybde. Ved regnbehandling kort tid efter sprøjtning blev biomassen af spinat reduceret op til 30% ved en sådybde på 0...

  12. Media in Post-Communist Mongolia – challenges and opportunities in the democratization process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Poul Erik

    2009-01-01

    En analyse af mediernes indflydelse på demokratiseringsprocessen i Mongoliet efter kommunismens afvikling. Analysen fokuserer på de problemer der er knyttet til introduktionen af et nyt liberalistisk mediesystem. Udgivelsesdato: November 2009...

  13. The SUP Proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jesper Lau

    2015-01-01

    Baseret på en konference om Kommissionens forslag til et ny direktiv om enkeltmandsejede private selskaber (SUP) beskriver artiklen reglerne om registrering og kapital for et SUP efter det opr. forslag....

  14. Drawing Disaster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borggreen, Gunhild

    2015-01-01

    En analyse af den japanske manga Santetsu i relation til vidnesbyrdbeskrivelse og erindring under genopbygning efter det store jordskælv i det østlige Japan i 2011, herunder diskussion af tegning i relation til fotografi...

  15. Termisk forgasning af biomasse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Indlæggene i referatet er gengivet efter båndoptagelser. Der er dog foretaget nogle enklte omskrivninger af hensyn til læseligheden. Foredragsholdernes overheads er endvidere blevet lagt ind i referatet....

  16. Fondens virke for kultur og forskning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Anker Brink

    2017-01-01

    Ved Copenhagen Business School støtter Tuborgfondet anvendelsesorienteret forskning i private og offentlige fondes virke og virkninger. I efteråret 2016 blev de første resultater offentliggjort i bogen Dansk Fondshistorie....

  17. Nykælvere mangler protein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalbach, Kristine Foged; Larsen, Mogens; Kristensen, Niels Bastian

    2010-01-01

    Ny forskning fra DJF viser, at køer er i væsentligt proteinunderskud lige efter kælvning. Dette kan have negative konsekvenser for koens evne til fx at vedligeholde immunforsvaret. Udgivelsesdato: Juni...

  18. Del buen lugar al no-lugar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Dette paper tager udgangspunkt i utopien som teoretisk begreb og i begrebets dobbelte etymologi og anvender det til en diskussion af forestillingen om Cuba i film og litteratur i perioden efter del 'specielle periode'.......Dette paper tager udgangspunkt i utopien som teoretisk begreb og i begrebets dobbelte etymologi og anvender det til en diskussion af forestillingen om Cuba i film og litteratur i perioden efter del 'specielle periode'....

  19. Historiens mest groteske pengepolitiske eksperiment?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard Nielsen, Rasmus

    2017-01-01

    Er bitcoin en boble? Givetvis. Men føj den bare til rækken af bobler, som verdens mest magtfulde centralbankchefer har pustet op efter finanskrisen, skriver økonom.......Er bitcoin en boble? Givetvis. Men føj den bare til rækken af bobler, som verdens mest magtfulde centralbankchefer har pustet op efter finanskrisen, skriver økonom....

  20. Hitler blev mere populær i de første år ved magten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2018-01-01

    Historisk set. Ønsket om revanche efter Versailles-freden var vigtigt for mange tyskere, men ønsket om arbejde gjorde udslaget. Kommentar i anledning af årsdagen for Hitlers magtovertagelse den 30. januar 1933.......Historisk set. Ønsket om revanche efter Versailles-freden var vigtigt for mange tyskere, men ønsket om arbejde gjorde udslaget. Kommentar i anledning af årsdagen for Hitlers magtovertagelse den 30. januar 1933....

  1. Predictors of complicated grief and depression in bereaved caregivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mette Kjaergaard; Neergaard, Mette Asbjoern; Jensen, Anders Bonde

    2016-01-01

    Dette studie viser, at 8 pct. af pårørende til døende havde symptomer på kompliceret sorg og 12 pct. have moderate til svære depressive symptomer seks måneder efter tabet. Kompliceret sorg og moderat til svær depression i op til seks måneder efter den syges død udviklede sig primært hos pårørende...

  2. Formidling af praksisforløbet på Modul 12

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    De studerende skal efter endt praksisforløb udarbejde et blogindlæg, som kommenteres af 3 andre medstuderendes grupper, samt vejleder. Dette materiale skal anvendes som baggrund for deres modulprøve på modul 12......De studerende skal efter endt praksisforløb udarbejde et blogindlæg, som kommenteres af 3 andre medstuderendes grupper, samt vejleder. Dette materiale skal anvendes som baggrund for deres modulprøve på modul 12...

  3. Dyrkning af GMO-afgrøder er ikke problemfrit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Streibig, Jens Carl

    2012-01-01

    Middtvesten i USA oplever efter 16 år med GMO-afgrøder stigende problemer med resistent ukrudt - en udvikling der måske også kan ramme danske landmænd med de nye pesticidafgifter......Middtvesten i USA oplever efter 16 år med GMO-afgrøder stigende problemer med resistent ukrudt - en udvikling der måske også kan ramme danske landmænd med de nye pesticidafgifter...

  4. Hvorfor skal Adam betale børnepenge, når Eva har bedraget ham?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Thomas Søbirk

    2016-01-01

    Juridisk abort bør være en mulighed for mænd, der er blevet bedraget, bestjålet eller som har brugt prævention, der ikke virker efter hensigten.......Juridisk abort bør være en mulighed for mænd, der er blevet bedraget, bestjålet eller som har brugt prævention, der ikke virker efter hensigten....

  5. Den europæiske drøm - om EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2007-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Jeremy Rifkin: Den europæiske drøm (Informations Forlag, 2006). Oversat fra engelsk efter: "The European Dream: How Europe's Vision of the Future Is Quietly Eclipsing the American Dream" (2004)......Anmeldelse af: Jeremy Rifkin: Den europæiske drøm (Informations Forlag, 2006). Oversat fra engelsk efter: "The European Dream: How Europe's Vision of the Future Is Quietly Eclipsing the American Dream" (2004)...

  6. Og vinderen er ... EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wæhrens, Anne

    2012-01-01

    EU modtager i dag Nobels Fredspris. Prisen kan styrke den fortælling, som EU har forsøgt at skabe om sig selv: at Europa, takket være EU, rejste sig efter Anden Verdenskrig og Holocaust......EU modtager i dag Nobels Fredspris. Prisen kan styrke den fortælling, som EU har forsøgt at skabe om sig selv: at Europa, takket være EU, rejste sig efter Anden Verdenskrig og Holocaust...

  7. "Orange Juice" - amerikansk agent og dansk patriot?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Peer Henrik

    2009-01-01

    Umiddelbart efter anden verdenskrig indledte den amerikanske efterretningstjeneste Office of Strategic Service (OSS) samarbejde med en række danske politikere og modstands- og efterretningsfolk. En af dem var Svend Truelsen, en af modstandskampens store helte......Umiddelbart efter anden verdenskrig indledte den amerikanske efterretningstjeneste Office of Strategic Service (OSS) samarbejde med en række danske politikere og modstands- og efterretningsfolk. En af dem var Svend Truelsen, en af modstandskampens store helte...

  8. Offentlig administration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Elof Nellemann; Rehr, Preben René

    En undervisningsbog der henvender sig til administrationsbacheloruddannelsen. Kapitlerne er inddelt efter modulerne på uddannelsen og indeholder derfor elementer af administration, forvaltning, økonomistyring, innovation, samfundsvidenskabelige metoder og politisk styrede organisationer.......En undervisningsbog der henvender sig til administrationsbacheloruddannelsen. Kapitlerne er inddelt efter modulerne på uddannelsen og indeholder derfor elementer af administration, forvaltning, økonomistyring, innovation, samfundsvidenskabelige metoder og politisk styrede organisationer....

  9. Zeitlicher Verlauf der avaskulären Nekrose des Hüftkopfes bei Patienten mit Pemphigus vulgaris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balighi, Kamran; Daneshpazhooh, Maryam; Aghazadeh, Nessa; Saeidi, Vahide; Shahpouri, Farzam; Hejazi, Pardis; Chams-Davatchi, Cheyda

    2016-10-01

    Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) wird in der Regel mit systemischen Corticosteroiden und Immunsuppressiva behandelt. Avaskuläre Nekrose (AVN) des Hüftkopfes ist eine gut bekannte schwerere Komplikation einer Corticosteroid-Therapie. Die Charakteristika dieser schweren Komplikation bei PV sind nach wie vor unbekannt. Nicht kontrollierte, retrospektive Untersuchung aller PV-bedingten AVN-Fälle, die in einer iranischen Klinik für bullöse Autoimmunerkrankungen zwischen 1985 und 2013 diagnostiziert wurden. Anhand der Krankenakten von 2321 untersuchten PV-Patienten wurden 45 Fälle (1,93 %) von femoraler AVN identifiziert. Dreißig davon waren Männer. Das mittlere Alter bei der Diagnose der AVN betrug 47,4 ± 14,2 Jahre. Der mittlere Zeitraum zwischen der Diagnose des PV und dem Einsetzen der AVN lag bei 25,3 ± 18,3 Monaten. Mit Ausnahme von acht Fällen (17,8 %) setzte die AVN bei der Mehrheit der Patienten innerhalb von drei Jahren nach Diagnose des PV ein. Die mittlere kumulative Dosis von Prednisolon bei Patienten mit AVN betrug 13.115,8 ± 7041,1 mg. Zwischen der Prednisolon-Gesamtdosis und dem Zeitraum bis zum Einsetzen der AVN bestand eine starke Korrelation (p = 0,001). Bei Patienten mit Alendronateinnahme in der Vorgeschichte war dieser Zeitraum signifikant kürzer (p = 0,01). Die AVN ist eine schwere Komplikation einer Corticosteroid-Behandlung bei Patienten mit PV. Sie wird bei 2 % der Patienten beobachtet und tritt vor allem in den ersten drei Behandlungsjahren auf. Bei Patienten, die höhere Dosen von Prednisolon erhalten, setzt die AVN tendenziell früher ein. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Effekten af udvidet periodisk syn på person- og varebiler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhoft, Inger Marie; Pilegaard, Ninette

    Dette notat har til formål at gennemføre en beregning af costs og benefits af udvidet periodisk syn af person- og varebiler i Danmark, under forudsætning af der gennemføres ét syn af per-son- og varebiler efter fire år, derefter ét syn efter to år og derefter én gang årligt (4,2,1,1…), som...... skulle være efter fire år, derefter efter to år, derefter efter to år igen og derefter årligt (4,2,2,1,1…). Dvs. at der i vores basisscenarie vil være ét ekstra syn (ved 7. år) i forhold til ’Autofore-rapportens’ ba-sis-scenarie. Dog udføres i ’Autofore-rapporten’ også følsomhedsberegninger...

  11. Acoustic detection of seabed gas leaks, with application to Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), and leak prevention for the oil and gas industry

    OpenAIRE

    Berges, B.J.P.

    2015-01-01

    The acoustic remote sensing of subsea gas leakage, applied to the monitoring of underwater gas discharges from anthropogenic and natural sources, is becoming increasingly important. First, as the oil and gas industry is facing increasing regulation, there is a need to put more control in the industrial process and to assess the impact on the marine environment. The applications are diverse, including: early warnings of "blow-out" from offshore installations, detection of leaks from underwater...

  12. GWOT Vascular Injury Study 2 Supplemental Project: Impact of Prophylactic Fasciotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    severe vascular, orthopedic/bone, nerve , or other injury . http://www.trauma.org/index.php/main/article/510/ Overall Vascular (total number...Pseudo-aneurysm, vascular blow-out, stenosis, failed vascular repair , AV fistula, and/or venous insufficiency. GWOT Vascular Injury Study...Award Number: W81XWH-14-2-0165 TITLE: GWOT Vascular Injury Study 2 Supplemental Project: Impact of Prophylactic Fasciotomy PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR

  13. STABILITE DE FLAMMES LAMINAIRES PARTIELLEMENT PREMELANGEES- APPLICATION AUX BRULEURS DOMESTIQUES

    OpenAIRE

    Lacour, Corine

    2006-01-01

    Phenomena responsible of partially premixed laminar flame stabilisation are investigated on a rich premixed burner configuration. The structure and aerodynamic of the flame generated by a cooking model burner are characterized by Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence of OH radical and Particle Image Velocimetry. The flame behaviour is studied from a stable reference case toward blow-out by varying the flow inlet conditions, the burner geometry and its thermal properties. The flame can be consider...

  14. An antiejection device for an openly gushing well

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kutepov, A.I.; Prokopov, O.I.; Shcherban, N.A.

    1982-01-01

    An antiejection device for an openly gushing well is proposed which includes a cap and a branch pipe for outlet of the blow outs. To ensure the capability of capping springs of a gushing well, the branch pipe is made with ports and is installed with a clearance on the casing pipe. The cap is equipped with ribs which are hinged to the branch pipe which has fins with anchors and seals for hermetically sealing the cap.

  15. Building air exhaustion device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suzuki, Seijiro.

    1995-01-01

    An opening is formed on the side wall of a building such as of a nuclear power plant, and a blow out panel is held (supported) by a clip for closing the opening. A large-diameter pipeline is connected at one end to the opening so as to cover the blow out panel, and immersed at the other end in a pool water. When a pipeline such as of main steam pipelines is ruptured in the building, high temperature and high pressure coolants are flown out from the ruptured port, and the pressure in the building is elevated. The blow out panel falls off from the side of the building by the elevation of the pressure in the building. Steams or compressed air discharged from the opening is introduced to the pool through the large diameter pipeline, then the steams are condensed by the pool water and radioactive materials contained in the condensed steams are kept in the pool water. Radioactive materials contained in the released compression air are also removed into the pool water. (I.N.)

  16. Leaching and retention of nutrients and trace elements in peat nineteen years after wood ash application and afforestation of a terminated peat cutover area; Utlakning och retention av naeringsaemnen och spaaraemnen i torv nitton aar efter vedasktillfoersel och beskogning paa en avslutad torvtaekt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nilsson, Torbjoern; Lundin, Lars (Dept. of Forest Soils, Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7001, SE-750 07 Uppsala (Sweden))

    2008-04-15

    Ash application on peatlands for improved biomass production attracts great interest. On drained peatlands in forestry use, application of wood ash would increase the forest production. Before such activities starts on a large-scale, the existing knowledge in this field should be compiled, with the aim to illustrate positive and negative effects of such a measure and to suggest recommendations for wood ash application to drained and afforested peatlands. The aim of this project was to investigate how much of different nutrients and trace elements that was still left in the peat, 19 years after application of 23 tonnes of wood fly ash, 0.6 tonnes of raw phosphate and 0.25 tonnes of superphosphate per hectare to 14 hectares of a terminated peat cutover area. This area was located on a mire, Flakmossen, in west-central Sweden. As it was nearly 40 years since peat harvesting had terminated on this mire, the area was drained before the application of wood ash and phosphorus fertilizer. A tractor-driven cultivator mixed the applied fertilizers with the upper 30-40 cm of the remaining peat and afterwards different tree species were planted in the cultivated peat. Peat sampling, down to 80 cm depth, was carried out before soil treatment, one year after, three years after and 19 years after the soil treatment. Analyses of these peat samples showed that: - After the soil treatments an initial increase of pH in the upper peat layers (0-40 cm depth) was observed, but 19 years after the soil treatments pH had decreased to levels that were lower than before the treatments. This decrease in pH was probably due to an oxidation of sulphur compounds in the peat, which was a result of the drainage. This acidification of the peat could not be buffered by the large dose of applied wood ash. However, it should be observed that the main part of the peat in this field study consists of reed peat, that has a considerable higher sulphur content than other peat types. - Nineteen years after the soil treatment more than 70 % of Mg, 60 % of K, almost 50 % of Mn and more than 20 % of applied Ca had leached out from the peat. The applied amount of P seemed to be retained in peat, humus layer and biomass. A large proportion of P was probably confined to Fe- and Al-oxides in the peat. - Of the applied amounts of trace elements, approximately 50 % of Cd, 25 % of Ba and less than 10 % of Zn had leached out from the peat. For other trace elements it was difficult to make estimations due to the few analyses of these elements before the soil treatments. However, applied Pb has probably not been leached out from the peat. This investigation shows that before application of ashes to afforested peatlands, with the intention to increase the forest production, it is important to analyse both the peat and ashes to optimize the choices of ash, ash treatment (including possible enrichment of the ash with for example K or P), and ash dose. To receive a sustainable high production of stemwood on such peatlands it probably requires that the ash dose in most cases has to be higher than 3 tonnes per hectare (a dose suggested by the Swedish National Board of Forestry)

  17. High-degree atrioventricular block complicating acute myocardial infarction - Incidence, prediction and prognosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gang, Uffe Jacob Ortved

    2010-01-01

    undersøgt. ILR optagelser fra CARISMA studiet blev brugt til at beskrive peri-mortem arytmier. Resultater Forekomsten af HAVB i den akutte fase af STEMI i pPCI æraen var 3.2%. Flere prædiktive faktorer for HAVB udvikling efter STEMI blev identificeret herunder alder, kvindeligt køn, RCA okklusion, diabetes...... prognostiske konsekvenser af HAVB har dog ikke ændret sig. Bemærkelsesværdigt var det at mortalitetsraten udlignedes mellem patienter med og uden HAVB 30 dage efter AMI. En række patient karakteristika var forbundet med en øget risiko for udvikling af HAVB i den akutte fase efter AMI. Disse karakteristika var...

  18. Balkan – Pestens første udbrud?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, Karsten

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen behandler den religiøst farvede nationalismes udvikling i Jugoslavien efter præsident Titos død i 1980 og dens virkninger på Balkan-landene, samt EU's muligheder for at danne modvægt mod aggressiv nationalistisk-religiøs chauvinisme......Artiklen behandler den religiøst farvede nationalismes udvikling i Jugoslavien efter præsident Titos død i 1980 og dens virkninger på Balkan-landene, samt EU's muligheder for at danne modvægt mod aggressiv nationalistisk-religiøs chauvinisme...

  19. Dansen om nøgenheden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tem Frank

    2015-01-01

    "50 ÅR EFTER har vi naturligvis rykket os noget på det punkt, hvad de kønspolitiske debatter viser. Er man hyppig bruger af Instagram, bliver det hurtigt klart, at vores kultur, i dette årtusinde, stadig har mange bøfler."......"50 ÅR EFTER har vi naturligvis rykket os noget på det punkt, hvad de kønspolitiske debatter viser. Er man hyppig bruger af Instagram, bliver det hurtigt klart, at vores kultur, i dette årtusinde, stadig har mange bøfler."...

  20. Depression och stress hos kranskärlspatienter

    OpenAIRE

    Olsson, Daniel; Christovski, Minja

    2011-01-01

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur vanligt det är med stress och depression efter genomgången hjärtinfarkt. Vidare planeras att undersöka samband mellan stress och depression samt också eventuella skillnader mellan könen för hur stress och depression upplevs efter genomgången hjärtinfarkt. Metod: Patienter som varit inlagda för hjärtinfarkt vid Akademiska sjukhuset i Uppsala inkluderas i studien. Patienterna skall ha genomgått hjärtinfarkt och/eller PCI och/eller CABG. De tre enk...

  1. Stadig usikkerhed om skat på bitcoin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærsgaard, Louise Fjord; Weber, Katja Dyppel

    2018-01-01

    Kronik. Reglerne om skat på bitcoin er lidt klarere efter afgørelse i Skatterådet, men det er på tide at se på en ændring af de forældede regler.......Kronik. Reglerne om skat på bitcoin er lidt klarere efter afgørelse i Skatterådet, men det er på tide at se på en ændring af de forældede regler....

  2. How might healthcare systems influence speed of cancer diagnosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brown, Sally; Castelli, Michele; Hunter, David J

    2014-01-01

    Der er markante forskelle i overlevelsen efter kræft – selv i den vestlige verden, hvor mange lande har sammenlignelige sundhedsvæsener. Dette studie sammenligner sundhedsvæsenet i seks udvalgte vestlige lande, herunder specielt den primære sundhedssektor. Der ses nærmere på fx regulering, omkost...... forskellige sundheds¬systemer og overlevelsen efter kræft, men meget peger på, at der er en sammenhæng mellem de forskellige sundhedsmæssige variable og den adfærd, der udvises af patient og sundhedsprofessionelle....

  3. Ro på: Solen er stille

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Olaf Pepke

    2008-01-01

    Efter at Solen har øget sin aktivitet gennem 100 år, er der nu tydelige tegn på, at den er ved at falde til ro. Er den ved at gå i dvale? Og vil det i så fald udløse en global kuldeperiode?......Efter at Solen har øget sin aktivitet gennem 100 år, er der nu tydelige tegn på, at den er ved at falde til ro. Er den ved at gå i dvale? Og vil det i så fald udløse en global kuldeperiode?...

  4. Brasiliens Arbejderparti giver op

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Mads

    2016-01-01

    Efter 13 år måtte Brasiliens præsident Dilma Rousseff i maj 2016 udlevere nøglerne til præsidentpaladset til ventrum-højrepartiet PMDB (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro)......Efter 13 år måtte Brasiliens præsident Dilma Rousseff i maj 2016 udlevere nøglerne til præsidentpaladset til ventrum-højrepartiet PMDB (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro)...

  5. Trepartsforhandlinger i Danmark og Europa følges ikke ad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mailand, Mikkel

    2016-01-01

    Trepartsforhandlinger med flere emner på dagsordenen flore-rede særligt i 1990’erne og tidligt i 00’erne rundt omkring i Europa, hvor de var fraværende i Danmark. Efter den øko-nomiske krise synes billedet at være vendt.......Trepartsforhandlinger med flere emner på dagsordenen flore-rede særligt i 1990’erne og tidligt i 00’erne rundt omkring i Europa, hvor de var fraværende i Danmark. Efter den øko-nomiske krise synes billedet at være vendt....

  6. Ole Bjørn Kraft 1893-1980

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Christian Houlberg

    2010-01-01

    Ole Bjørn Kraft (1893-1980) var en central konservativ politiker i årene før og efter anden verdenskrig. Han markerede sig som udpræget idépolitiker og opnåede ad flere omgange at blive minister.......Ole Bjørn Kraft (1893-1980) var en central konservativ politiker i årene før og efter anden verdenskrig. Han markerede sig som udpræget idépolitiker og opnåede ad flere omgange at blive minister....

  7. Jagten på den perfekte efterafgrøde i majs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Henning Carlo; Hansen, Elly Møller

    2012-01-01

    Arealet med majs er hastigt stigende, og den hurtigvoksende plante har brug for en efterafgrøde, der kan reducere udvaskningen af kvælstof efter høst. Derfor arbejder forskere med at finde en efterafgrøde, der kan leve i harmoni med majsen.......Arealet med majs er hastigt stigende, og den hurtigvoksende plante har brug for en efterafgrøde, der kan reducere udvaskningen af kvælstof efter høst. Derfor arbejder forskere med at finde en efterafgrøde, der kan leve i harmoni med majsen....

  8. Velkommen til produktionsuniversitetet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenbaum, Philip

    2015-01-01

    Universitetet er blevet en fabrik, der spytter forskning og elever ud i et sort hul til ære for ranglister og dimittendstatistikker. Tilbage står forvirrede og stressede forskere og elever, der desperate halser efter misforstået effektivitetskrav.......Universitetet er blevet en fabrik, der spytter forskning og elever ud i et sort hul til ære for ranglister og dimittendstatistikker. Tilbage står forvirrede og stressede forskere og elever, der desperate halser efter misforstået effektivitetskrav....

  9. Et ganske konkret sted

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiesner, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Kort beskrivelse af projektet til Liechtensteins nye forum og parlament i Vaduz; Indvieged i februar 2008, tegnet af arkitekt Hansjörg Göritz efter masterplan af Luigi Snozzi. Tekst: Thomas Wiesner. Fotos: Jürg Zürcher, Erik Kjær download af tidskrift: http://server02.dotminded.com/dotminded/data......Kort beskrivelse af projektet til Liechtensteins nye forum og parlament i Vaduz; Indvieged i februar 2008, tegnet af arkitekt Hansjörg Göritz efter masterplan af Luigi Snozzi. Tekst: Thomas Wiesner. Fotos: Jürg Zürcher, Erik Kjær download af tidskrift: http://server02.dotminded...

  10. USA sender Able og Baker en tur i rummet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen

    2014-01-01

    DETTE ER DEN TREDJE ARTIKEL I SERIEN OM DYRENES ROLLE I RUMFORSKNINGEN. VI SKAL MØDE DE TO PRIMATER ABLE OG BAKER, SOM NASA SUCCESFULDT SENDTE EN TUR I RUMMET I MAJ 1959 – HALVANDET ÅR EFTER, AT SOVJETUNIONEN HAVDE SENDT HUNDEN LAIKA DERUD.......DETTE ER DEN TREDJE ARTIKEL I SERIEN OM DYRENES ROLLE I RUMFORSKNINGEN. VI SKAL MØDE DE TO PRIMATER ABLE OG BAKER, SOM NASA SUCCESFULDT SENDTE EN TUR I RUMMET I MAJ 1959 – HALVANDET ÅR EFTER, AT SOVJETUNIONEN HAVDE SENDT HUNDEN LAIKA DERUD....

  11. Terrorbekæmpelse og menneskerettigheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rytter, Jens Elo

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen undersøger Danmarks rolle som USA's koalitionspartner  i krigen i Afghanistan, som fulgte efter terrorangrebene den 11. september 2001. Artiklen konkluderer, at Danmark overtrådte folkeretten ved at overføre tilfangetagne personer til amerikanske styrker, eftersom USA's politik  for beha......Artiklen undersøger Danmarks rolle som USA's koalitionspartner  i krigen i Afghanistan, som fulgte efter terrorangrebene den 11. september 2001. Artiklen konkluderer, at Danmark overtrådte folkeretten ved at overføre tilfangetagne personer til amerikanske styrker, eftersom USA's politik...

  12. Deliktstatuttet i dansk ret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Arnt

    2001-01-01

    Det er i dansk international privatretlig teori omtvistet, om erstatning uden for kontrakt bør afgøres efter loven i den stat, hvor skadestilføjelsen foregik eller loven i den stat, som sagen har sin nærmeste tilknytning til.......Det er i dansk international privatretlig teori omtvistet, om erstatning uden for kontrakt bør afgøres efter loven i den stat, hvor skadestilføjelsen foregik eller loven i den stat, som sagen har sin nærmeste tilknytning til....

  13. 4 hovedproblemer med STU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2012-01-01

    Kommentaren oplister fire hovedproblemer ved den Særligt Tilrettelagte Ungdomsuddannelse, nemlig (1) beskrivelsen af målgruppen, (2) de unges forsørgelsesgrundlag, (3) hvad der følger efter én afsluttet STU, og (4) "lovjunglen" - manglende samspil mellem mange lovgivninger.......Kommentaren oplister fire hovedproblemer ved den Særligt Tilrettelagte Ungdomsuddannelse, nemlig (1) beskrivelsen af målgruppen, (2) de unges forsørgelsesgrundlag, (3) hvad der følger efter én afsluttet STU, og (4) "lovjunglen" - manglende samspil mellem mange lovgivninger....

  14. NATO 1949-2009: Fra regional forsvarsorganisation til global militær aktør

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villaume, Poul

    2009-01-01

    Baggrunden for Atlantpagtens oprettelse, NATOs formative periode i 1950erne, 'out-of-area'-operationer i Den Tredje Verden, atomstrategier, afspændingsperioden, den kolde krigs afslutning, samt NATOs transformation og udvidelse efter 1991 tematiseres i en oversigtlig analyse.......Baggrunden for Atlantpagtens oprettelse, NATOs formative periode i 1950erne, 'out-of-area'-operationer i Den Tredje Verden, atomstrategier, afspændingsperioden, den kolde krigs afslutning, samt NATOs transformation og udvidelse efter 1991 tematiseres i en oversigtlig analyse....

  15. Surveillance of hospital-acquired infections in women having undergone caesarean section in the County of Aarhus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Rita Andersen

    informationer fra både elektroniske databaser, medicinske journaler samt fra kvindernes selvudfyldte spørgeskemaer. Formålene med studierne var at undersøge: 1) kejsersnit som en risikofaktor for postpartum bakteriæmi (BSI), urinvejsinfektion (UVI) og postoperativ sårinfektion (PSI) sammenlignet med vaginal...... kejsersnit i forhold til vaginal fødsel, dels en øget infektionsrisiko efter akut kejsersnit i forhold til elektivt kejsersnit. Fedme og Type 1 diabetes er risikofaktorer for infektion efter kejsersnit og kombinationen af overvægt og diabetes øger risikoen for infektion yderligere. En elektronisk overvågning...

  16. OL er en mirakelkur for verdens storbyer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Katrine; Møller Christensen, Søren

    2006-01-01

    Der er kamp om at blive værtsby for de olympiske lege. Legene giver værtsbyen global opmærksomhed, kickstarter byudviklingen og giver efter al sandsynlighed økonomisk overskud. Men ikke alle byer slipper lige godt fra opgaven......Der er kamp om at blive værtsby for de olympiske lege. Legene giver værtsbyen global opmærksomhed, kickstarter byudviklingen og giver efter al sandsynlighed økonomisk overskud. Men ikke alle byer slipper lige godt fra opgaven...

  17. Voluntary organized sport in Denmark and Norway

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Bjarne; Seippel, Ørnulf

    2010-01-01

    Idræt organiseret i frivillige foreninger er meget udbredt i de skandinaviske lande. I denne artikel sammenlignes idræt i foreninger i Norge og Danmark. De to lande sammenlignes på en række dimensioner: den frivillige sektor generelt og frivillig organiseret sport specifikt. Efter denne sammenlig......Idræt organiseret i frivillige foreninger er meget udbredt i de skandinaviske lande. I denne artikel sammenlignes idræt i foreninger i Norge og Danmark. De to lande sammenlignes på en række dimensioner: den frivillige sektor generelt og frivillig organiseret sport specifikt. Efter denne...

  18. Handicap i beskæftigelsesindsatsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldsen, Lena; Amby, Finn

    Ledige med handicap er omfattet af de samme krav og tilbudsmuligheder som andre ledige. Først efter længere tids offentlig forsørgelse, kan særlige indsatser komme på tale. Det er overladt til de kommunale jobcentre, hvilken rolle handicap skal spille i beskæftigelsesindsatsen. Praksis på området...

  19. Det skal ikke være dyrt at have et handicap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jydebjerg, Camilla Sabroe

    2007-01-01

    Det skal ikke koste den enkelte ekstra at have et handicap. Det følger meget klart af de handicappolitiske grundprincipper. Derfor er det bekymrende, at Ankestyrelsen i nogle afgørelser har lavet en meget snæver fortolkning af, hvem der har ret til at få dækket merudgifter efter serviceloven....

  20. Bliver minus til plus på sigt - En kvalitativ og kvantitativ undersögelse af om ikke-kriminelt belastede bliver kriminelle af at bo sammen med kriminelt belastede på Kriminalforsorgens Pension Skejby

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær Minke, Linda

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen undersøger om ikke-kriminelle bliver kriminelle af at bo sammen med kriminelle. Artiklen diskuterer den almindelige opfattelse af straffepraksis og diskuterer også betydningen af det sociale miljø på muligheden for at leve kriminalitetsfrit efter endt straf....

  1. Initial education and training of adult teachers and trainers in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larson, Anne; Milana, Marcella

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen giver på baggrund af et studie af politiske strategier og planer fra vedtagelsen af EU's Lissabon-strategi for livslang læring i 2000 til i dag et overblik over udviklingen i den politiske interesse for uddannelse af voksenundervisere forud for og efter deres ansættelse inden for voksenu...

  2. Field Evaluation of a Single-Word Pronunciation Training System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernsen, Niels Ole; Hansen, Thomas; Kiilerich, Svend

    Efter udviklingen af programmet den Digitale Udtaletræner (DUT) beregnet på indlæring af dansk enkeltordsudtale for immigranter, er applikationen blevet aftestet på en række sprogskoler og institutioner i Danmark. Indeværende artikel analyserer og søger at belyse de relevante data der er blevet g...

  3. Use of general practice before and after mild traumatic brain injury: a nationwide population-based cohort study in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galili, Stine Fjendbo; Bech, Bodil Hammer; Vestergaard, Claus Høstrup

    2017-01-01

    Milde hovedtraumer ses hyppigt i de danske akutafdelinger, og følgevirkningerne af milde hovedtraumer er stærkt omdiskuterede. Formålet med dette nationale studie var at beskrive brugen af almen praksis før og efter et mildt hovedtraume og bruge antallet af kontakter som en proxy variabel...

  4. Veje til ungdomsuddannelse 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dreyer Espersen, Laila; Eiberg-Madsen, Misja; Andersen, Dines

    Hvorfor er nogle skoler bedre end andre til at få deres elever til at tage en ungdomsuddannelse? Dette spørgsmål søges besvaret i denne rapport, som imidlertid viser, at der ikke er en klar forbindelse mellem skolens praksis og andelen af elever, der efter grundskolen fortsætter i en ungdomsuddan...

  5. Development of a survey instrument to investigate the primary care factors related to differences in cancer diagnosis between international jurisdictions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Peter W; Hamilton, Willie; Aldersey, Kate

    2014-01-01

    Overlevelsen efter kræft varierer betydeligt mellem lande. Derfor blev the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership (ICBP) etableret i 2009. ICBP er et internationalt samarbejde mellem Australien, Canada, Norge, Sverige, Storbritannien og Danmark, der særligt fokuserer på, hvordan og hvorfor...

  6. Logning af teledata i lyset af Tele2-dommen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lentz, Lene Wacher

    2017-01-01

    De danske teleudbydere har siden 2007 været underlagt en pligt efter logningsbekendtgørelsen til at registrere data om al telekommunikation for at sikre at data er tilgængelige ved en eventuel senere efterforskning. Logningspligten må nu revideres og i vidt omfang afvikles som følge af EU-domstol...

  7. Retsplejelovens regulering af politiets adgang til teledata

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lentz, Lene Wacher

    2017-01-01

    Politiet kan som led i en strafferetlig efterforskning få adgang til en række data om telekommunikation efter retsplejeloven, hvis regulering nu må revideres i lyset af ”Tele2-sagen”, hvor EU-domstolen fandt, at en generel logningspligt for teleudbyderne til at sikre teledata til brug for eventue...

  8. Good practices in early childhood education:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanders, Lise; Gregoriadis, Athanasis; Zachopoulou, Evridiki

    Good practices in early childhood education er en undersøgelse fortaget efter Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale - R (ECERS-R). I undersøgelsen deltog Akademikere, pædagoger og kommunalt personale fra de 6 partnerlande bestående af Grækenland, Portugal, Finland, Danmark, Rumænien og Cypern...

  9. Hvordan vurderer patienterne de praktiserende læger? Danske resultater fra et europæisk studie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mainz, Jan; Vedsted, Peter; Olesen, Frede

    2000-01-01

    Introduktion: Formålet med denne artikel var at belyse patienters vurderinger af ydelser i almen praksis. Metode: Danske resultater fra en international spørgeskemaundersøgelse i ti lande. Seksogtredive praksis blev udvalgt fra hele landet, fordelt efter geografisk beliggenhed samt praksisstørrelse...

  10. Importance of glutamate dehydrogenase, GDH, in astrocyte metabolism for maintenance of glutamate and energy homeostasis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytt, Dorte M

    2012-01-01

    Glutamat er den hyppigst forekommende aktiverende neurotransmitter i hjernen, og astrocytter spiller en vigtig rolle i opretholdelsen af glutamathomeostasen. Det primære optag af glutamat efter glutamaterg neurotransmission udføres af astrocytter, og selve glutamatstofskiftet i astrocytterne er n...

  11. Revolution eller evolution?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaarsted, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Digital Natives, Google Generationen, Dot Net-generationen. Mens forskerne søger efter den rigtige term søger bibliotekerne at lægge strategier for fremtiden. Et bredt anlagt forskningsprojekt giver et bud på udviklingen og har en udløber til forskningsbibliotekerne. Kritikerne mener projektet...

  12. Gødning er mere vigtig for grønkåls smag end frost

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønbæk, Marie

    2016-01-01

    Mange kender myten om, at grønkål smager bedre efter termometret har været nede i det blå felt. Ny forskning viser, at smagen ganske rigtigt ændrer sig – men mængden af gødning er faktisk mere afgørende for smagen....

  13. Selskabers kapital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer de liberaliserede forskrifter om danske aktie- og anpartsselskabers kapitalforhold efter selskabsreformen 2009, herunder de reducerede krav til kapital ved stiftelsen og de øgede muligheder for ekstraordinært udbytte, selskabets køb af egne aktier eller anparter, selvfinansier...

  14. Poesiens ekspansion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Peter Stein

    første samlede fremstilling af den nordiske lyrik efter 2000. I otte kapitler diskuteres en lang række aspekter ved samtidslyrikken, der ikke før har været behandlet i bogform. Det gælder samtidslyrikkens forhold til den poetiske genre, internettet, kanoniseringsprocessen, kønnet, den visuelle kunst og...

  15. Brug af video og peer-feedback i færdighedstræningen på Klinisk Biomekanik - hvad har de studerende lært?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein; Toftgård, Rie Castella; Nørgaard, Cita

    studieaktiviteter før, under og efter undervisningen • Styrke ’just-in-time’ instruktioner til de studerendes individuelle behov • Udnytte lærerressourcerne i tilstedeværelsestimerne mere hensigtsmæssigt Description of your teaching activity: Brug af video og peer-feedback blev implementeret i færdighedstræningen...

  16. Firmaets Største Bedrift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Peer Henrik

    fortæller, hvordan de tidligere modstandsfolk Arne Sejr og Niels Frommelt få år efter befrielsen etablerede deres såkaldte Firma for med støtte fra ledende danske politikere, Forsvarets Efterretningstjeneste og CIA at organisere en hemmelig krig mod Sovjetunionens danske støtter. Meget tyder på, at både...

  17. Muhammed og satiren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brink, Dennis Meyhoff

    2010-01-01

    Fem år efter Jyllands-Posten publicerede Muhammedtegningerne er religionssatirens historie fortsat ikke kortlagt. Men dykker man ned i historien, opdager man, at latteliggørelse af religion, hverken er et eksklusivt oplysningstidsfænomen eller at islamsatire og selvcensur er opstået i vort århund...

  18. Environmental and resource management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Henning; Ulhøi, John Parm

    1996-01-01

    Artiklen bringer bl.a. de seneste resultater (i forkortet udgave) fra et igangværende flerårigt forskningsprojekt - The Danish Environmental Management Survey (DEMS) - der sigter efter løbende at analysere og vurdere den igangværende 'forgrønnelse' i erhvervslivet i et longitudinalt perspektiv...

  19. Ny rapport advarer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jex, Catherine; Seidenkrantz, Marit-Solveig; Colgan, William

    2017-01-01

    Ifølge forskerne bag en ny mellemstatslig rapport vil den globale opvarmning få endnu flere og meget drastiske konsekvenser for det arktiske klima end hidtil antaget. Men klimaaftalen fra Paris kan afværge nogle af de største forandringer efter år 2050. Hvis den bliver implementeret øjeblikkeligt...

  20. Antikkens veje til renæssancens Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    , og vi møder foruden Petrarca blandt andre også den store humanist Erasmus af Rotterdam, den danske professor Erasmus Lætus, der skrev digte på latin, og kong Christian IV, der udsmykkede Frederiksborg Slot efter antikke idealer. Alle trak de på antikken som forbillede for at kunne opfylde deres egne...