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Sample records for bloodletting

  1. [Bloodletting and rheumatism.: a retrospective view].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, H

    2011-04-01

    Bloodletting was widely used in antiquity in the setting of a humoral-pathological concept as a general treatment for all ailments, as well as during the middle ages primarily as a remedy for the treatment of inflammatory and infectious diseases. The general population was convinced of the efficacy of this treatment for centuries, even requesting it on occasion on a prophylactic basis. Although questioned early in history, the number of sceptical voices increased in the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1835, P. Louis introduced statistics to medicine in Paris, thereby proving the inefficacy of bloodletting in inflammatory diseases. Today, bloodletting is used in scientific medicine in only a few rare disease.As long as rheumatic diseases remained undifferentiated, all cases were treated with bloodletting. After acute articular rheumatism 1591 was recognised as an independent disease entity, bloodletting remained the treatment of choice for most doctors right up to the end of the 19th century. Bloodletting was also the standard treatment for gout from antiquity up to the beginning of the 19th century. Following its differentiation in 1800, chronic articular rheumatism was no longer treated with venae sectio. Today, there is no indication for bloodletting therapy in rheumatology.

  2. [Explanation on bloodletting mechanism of scraping therapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Shang-Jie

    2013-11-01

    On the base of acupuncture techniques in Chinese medicine, locations, apparatus and manipulation of scraping are analyzed in this article. It is held that scraping, no matter with the location, tools and manipulations of application, meets the requirements of shallow stimulation on collaterals described in Huangdi Neijing (Huangdi's Internal Classic). And the methods of scraping to cause shazhen (subcutaneous hemorrhage showed in scattered red spots on the skin) to eliminate pathogens in collaterals is also approved to meet the mechanism of Chinese medicine which expels pathogens with bloodletting. Therefore, it is held that scraping is a complete treating technique of shallow stimulation on collaterals.

  3. Treatment by bloodletting in the past and present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čolović Nataša

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Therapeutic bloodletting has been practiced at least 3000 years as one of the most frequent methods of treatment in general, whose value was not questioned until the 19th century, when it was gradually abandoned in Western medicine, while it is still practiced in Arabic and traditional Chinese medicine. Content. In modern medicine bloodletting is practiced for very few indications. Its concept was modeled on the process of menstrual bleeding, for which it was believed to “purge women of bad humours.” Thus, bloodletting was based more on the belief that it helps in the reestablishment of proper balance of body “humours” than on the opinion that it serves to remove excessive amount of blood as well as to remove toxic “pneumas” that accumulate in human body. It was indicated for almost all known diseases, even in the presence of severe anemia. Bloodletting was carried out by scarification with cupping, by phlebotomies (venesections, rarely by arteriotomies, using specific instruments called lancets, as well as leeches. In different periods of history bloodletting was practiced by priests, doctors, barbers, and even by amateurs. In most cases, between one half of liter and two liters of blood used to be removed. Bloodletting was harmful to vast majority of patients and in some of them it is believed that it was either fatal or that it strongly contributed to such outcome. In the 20th century in the “Western” medicine bloodletting was still practiced in the treatment of hypertension and in severe cardiac insufficiency and pulmonary edema, but these indications were later abandoned. Conclusion. Bloodletting is still indicated for a few indications such as polycythemia, haemochromatosis, and porphyria cutanea tarda, while leeches are still used in plastic surgery, replantation and other reconstructive surgery, and very rarely for other specific indications.

  4. Bloodletting:a medical resource since the stone age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja(Jr)

    2004-01-01

    @@ When traditional witchcraft's resources of herbs,ointments, animal sacrifices and rituals failed "to cure" in prehistoric times, a most impressive maneuver for the patient and on -lookers was bloodletting.Something was being done albeit useless from the biomedical point of view. Not disregarding the presence of healed bones in prehistoric man, a proof of surprisingly effective medicine.

  5. REINFORCEMENT AND REDUCTION OF BLOOD-LETTING PUNCTURE THERAPY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王茎

    2003-01-01

    @@ Blood-letting puncture has a long history inthe development process of acupuncture andmoxibustion science. As early as the time whenthe book Huang Di Nei Jing ( The Yellow Em-peror's Internal Classic ) came intobeing, there had been some comparatively de-tailed descriptions on the theory, manipulationand clinical application of this therapy.

  6. Bloodletting therapy in hemochromatosis: Does it affect trace element homeostasis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolann, Bjørn J; Distante, Sonia; Mørkrid, Lars; Ulvik, Rune J

    2015-01-01

    Hemochromatosis is the most common hereditary disorder in the Nordic population, if left untreated it can result in severe parenchymal iron accumulation. Bloodletting is mainstay treatment. Iron and trace elements partially share cellular uptake and transport mechanisms, and the aim of the present study was to see if bloodletting for hemochromatosis affects trace elements homeostasis. We recruited patients referred for diagnosis and treatment of hemochromatosis, four women and 22 men 23-68 years of age. Thirteen were C282Y homozygote, one was C282Y heterozygote, three were H63D homozygote, seven were compound heterozygote and two had none of the mutations above. Iron and liver function tests were performed; serum levels of trace elements were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Results before the start of treatment and after normalization of iron parameters were compared. On completion of the bloodlettings the following average serum concentrations increased: Co from 5.6 to 11.5 nmol/L, serum Cu 16.2-17.6 μmol/L, Ni increased from 50.0 to 52.6 nmol/L and Sb from 13.2 to 16.3 nmol/L. Average serum Mn concentration declined from 30.2 to 28.3 nmol/L. All changes were statistically significant (by paired t-test). B, Ba, Cs, Mo, Se, Sr and Zn were not significantly changed. We conclude that bloodlettings in hemochromatosis lead to changes in trace element metabolism, including increased absorption of potentially toxic elements.

  7. Recurrent Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Owing to Severe Iron Deficiency Anemia Caused by Inappropriate Habitual Bloodletting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Woo-Hyun; Kim, Hack-Lyoung; Kim, Ki-Hwan; Na, Sang Hoon; Lee, Hyun-Jung; Kang, Eun Gyu; Seo, Jae-Bin; Chung, Woo-Young; Zo, Joo-Hee; Hong, Jung Ae; Kim, Kwangyoun; Kim, Myung-A

    2015-01-01

    A 68-year-old woman visited the emergency department twice with symptoms of acute heart failure including shortness of breath, general weakness, and abdominal distension. Laboratory findings showed extremely low level of serum hemoglobin at 1.4 g/dL. Echocardiographic examination demonstrated dilated left ventricular cavity with systolic dysfunction and moderate amount of pericardial effusion. In this patient, acute heart failure due to severe iron deficiency anemia was caused by inappropriate habitual bloodletting. PMID:26755934

  8. Therapeutic Effect Observation on Treatment of Acne with Acupuncture plus Moving Cupping and Blood-letting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Qi-fang; WANG Guo-yan; HAN Chou-ping

    2008-01-01

    目的:观察针刺配合刺络走罐治疗痤疮的疗效.方法:将60例痤疮患者随机分为两组,治疗组采用针刺配合刺络走罐;对照组采用针刺治疗,两组均治疗30天后观察疗效.结果:治疗组总有效率明显高于对照组(P<0.05).结论:针刺配合刺络走罐治疗痤疮能有效提高该病的有效率.%Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect on treatment of acne with acupuncture plus moving cupping and blood-letting. Method: Sixty acne cases were randomized into the treatment group for combined acupuncture and moving cupping and blood-letting and control group for acupuncture alone. The therapeutic effects of the cases in the two groups were observed after a 30-day treatment. Result: The total effective rate was significantly higher in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The combined acupuncture and moving cupping and blood-letting can effectively increase the effective rate in the treatment of acne.

  9. Neuroprotective effects of bloodletting atJing points combined with mild induced hypothermia in acute severe traumatic brain injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue Tu; Xiao-mei Miao; Tai-long Yi; Xu-yi Chen; Hong-tao Sun; Shi-xiang Cheng; Sai Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Bloodletting atJing points has been used to treat coma in traditional Chinese medicine. Mild induced hypothermia has also been shown to have neuroprotective effects. However, the therapeutic effects of bloodletting atJing points and mild induced hypothermia alone are limited. Therefore, we investigated whether combined treatment might have clinical effectiveness for the treatment of acute severe trau-matic brain injury. Using a rat model of traumatic brain injury, combined treatment substantially alleviated cerebral edema and blood-brain barrier dysfunction. Furthermore, neurological function was ameliorated, and cellular necrosis and the inlfammatory response were lessened. These ifndings suggest that the combined effects of bloodletting atJing points (20 µL, twice a day, for 2 days) and mild induced hypothermia (6 hours) are better than their individual effects alone. Their combined application may have marked neuroprotective effects in the clinical treatment of acute severe traumatic brain injury.

  10. Thirty-two Cases of Acne Treated with Blood-letting Puncture,Cupping and Chinese-Drug Facemask

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    To observe the therapeutic effect on acne treated with blood-letting puncture, cupping and Chinese-drug facemask. Thirty-two patients with acne were treated with above-mentioned therapeutic method. Cure,improvement and ineffectiveness were respectively found in 24, 7 and 1 case, with a curative rate of 75.0% and a total effective rate of 96.8%. The combination of blood-letting puncture, cupping and external application of Chinese-drug facemask is effective in treating acne.

  11. CLINICAL OBSERVATION ON TREATMENT OF 106 CASES OF ACNE WITH BLOOD-LETTING THERAPY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵慧玲

    2001-01-01

    Acne or common acne is termed as "Fen Ci" (粉刺) or "Fei Feng Fen Ci"(肺风粉刺)in traditional Chinese medicine. It is a common dermatosis in adolescence, characterized as needle-tip- or millet-like skin rashes with or without black heads sparsely distributing on the face,chest and back. If treated improperly, the rash-es will form abscess or scars to spoil the patient's looks. The author of the present paper adopted blood-letting therapy to treat it and achieved satisfied results. Here is the report.

  12. Classic Maya bloodletting and the cultural evolution of religious rituals: quantifying patterns of variation in hieroglyphic texts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munson, Jessica; Amati, Viviana; Collard, Mark; Macri, Martha J

    2014-01-01

    Religious rituals that are painful or highly stressful are hypothesized to be costly signs of commitment essential for the evolution of complex society. Yet few studies have investigated how such extreme ritual practices were culturally transmitted in past societies. Here, we report the first study to analyze temporal and spatial variation in bloodletting rituals recorded in Classic Maya (ca. 250-900 CE) hieroglyphic texts. We also identify the sociopolitical contexts most closely associated with these ancient recorded rituals. Sampling an extensive record of 2,480 hieroglyphic texts, this study identifies every recorded instance of the logographic sign for the word ch'ahb' that is associated with ritual bloodletting. We show that documented rituals exhibit low frequency whose occurrence cannot be predicted by spatial location. Conversely, network ties better capture the distribution of bloodletting rituals across the southern Maya region. Our results indicate that bloodletting rituals by Maya nobles were not uniformly recorded, but were typically documented in association with antagonistic statements and may have signaled royal commitments among connected polities.

  13. Blood-Letting Puncture and Cupping Therapies Combined with Acupuncture for Treatment of 140 Cases of Fibrositis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hong-liang; DUAN Shu-min

    2009-01-01

    @@ Fibrositis, also known as myofibrositis in nape and back, often occurs all the year round, especially between spring and summer or summer and autumn. Pathogenic cold and fatigue can induce aseptic inflammation in nape and back with pain, limited movement and other symptoms. The author used blood-letting puncture and cupping plus acupuncture to treat 140 cases of fibrositis from February 2003 to December 2006 with satisfactory therapeutic effect. A report is as follows.

  14. Effect of Blood-letting Puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand on Consciousness and Heart Rate in Patients with Apoplexy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yi; Wang Xiuyun; Xu Tangping; Dai Zhihua; Li Yunchen

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effect of blood-letting puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand on consciousness and heart rate in patients with early apoplexy. Method: Under observation were patients with disturbance of consciousness within 3 days after the apoplectic seizure. The patients were divided into a large injury team, a moderate injury team and a mild injury team. Each team was again randomly divided into a puncture group and a control group, with routine treatment in both groups but bloodletting puncture only in the puncture group. Quantitative changes in consciousness, blood pressure and heart rate of the patients were observed. Result: Blood-letting puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand can improve the consciousness and raise the systolic pressure in patients of the mild injury team, and accelerate the heart rate in all the patients in the puncture group. Conclusion: Blood-letting puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand can improve the consciousness of patients with brain injury in small area.

  15. Clinical Observations on the Treatment of Ramsay Hunt Syndrome by Blood-letting Puncture and Cupping as Main Therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Ya-guang; ZHAO Jian-chun; YUAN Hui; WANG Si-you

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: To investigate the clinical efficacy of blood-letting puncture and cupping in cooperation with acupuncture and moxibustion for treating Ramsay Hunt syndrome. Atreatment group of 32 cases was treated by blood-letting puncture with plum-blossom needle and cupping in cooperation with acupuncture and moxibustion and a control group of 32 cases,with acupuncture and moxibustion, and andaciclovir. Results and conclusion: The cure and marked effectiveness rate was 81.2% in the treatment group and 56.2% in the control group after 4 courses of treatment. It was higher in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05). The short-term otalgia-relieving rate was also significantly higher in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.01).%目的:观察穴位刺络拔罐疗法配合针灸等治疗Ramsay Hunt综合征的临床疗效.方法:治疗组32例患者取大椎、完骨等穴运用梅花针刺络拔罐的方法配合针灸治疗;对照组32例患者以针灸、阿昔洛韦等治疗.结果与结论:4个疗程后治疗组愈显率为81.2%,对照组为56.2%,治疗组优于对照纽(P<0.05).且治疗组中、短期耳痛缓解率也均明显优于对照组(P<0.01).

  16. Blood-letting punctures at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand can treat cerebral ischemia in a similar manner to mannitol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuan Lu; Zelin Chen; Yi Guo; Liang Gao; Liyuan Jiang; Zhongzheng Li; Jianqiao Fang

    2013-01-01

    A rat model of middle cerebral artery permanent occlusion was established using the modified Longa method. Successfully established model animals were treated by blood-letting puncture at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand, and/or by injecting mannitol into the caudal vein twice daily. Brain tissue was collected at 24, 48 and 72 hours after modeling, and blood was collected through the retinal vein before Evans blue was injected, approximately 1 hour prior to harvesting of brain tissue. Results showed that Evans blue leakage into brain tissue and serum nitric oxide synthase activity were significantly increased in model rats. Treatment with blood-letting punctures at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand and/or injection of mannitol into the caudal vein reduced the amount of Evans blue leakage into the brain tissue and serum nitric oxide synthase activity to varying degrees. There was no significant difference between single treatment and combined treatment. Experimental findings indicate that blood-letting punctures at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand can decrease blood-brain barrier permeability and serum nitric oxide synthase activity in rats following middle cerebral artery occlusion, and its effect is similar to that of mannitol injection alone and Jing-Well points plus mannitol injection.

  17. 少商刺血联合清热利湿活血汤治疗带状疱疹60例%Treating 60 cases of shingles by the Bloodletting Shaoshang therapy combined with Qingre Lishi Huoxue decoction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈士友

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the effect of Bloodletting Shaoshang therapy combined with Qingre Lishi Huoxue decoction on treating shingles.%探讨少商穴刺血疗法联合清热利湿活血汤治疗带状疱疹的临床疗效。

  18. EIGHTY-SIX CASES OF OSTEOARTHRITIS TREATED MAINLY BY BLOOD-LETTING WITH FIRE NEEDLE PRICKING%火针点刺放血为主治疗骨性关节炎86例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓琴

    2007-01-01

    @@ The author has treated 86 cases of osteoarthritis by blood-letting with fire needle pricking and obtained satisfactory result. Report is as follows. 1 CLINICAL DATA 1.1 General data Of all 86 patients, 40 were male and 46 were female, ranging in age from 38 to 72. The duration of disease varied from 10 days to 13 years.

  19. Effect observation on treating acute lumbar sprain by acupuncture plus bloodletting method%针刺董氏奇穴配合刺血法治疗急性腰扭伤疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阙方绪

    2014-01-01

    Objective:Through acupuncture Dongshi Qi points plus bloodletting method on treating acute lumbar sprain to explore the clinical value of it. Methods: Followed by using three edged needle acupuncture bloodletting on Erjiaoming point, Zhongbai point, waist Ashi point, and given cupping jar after acupuncture. Tianzhu point was given acupuncture bloodletting. Results:In 36 patients, 31 cases were cured, improved in 5 cases, the total efficiency was 100%. Conclusion: Acupuncture Dongshi Qi points plus bloodletting method is effective on treating acute lumbar sprain, with high cure rate, worthy of promotion.%目的:通过针刺董氏奇穴配合刺血。、法治疗急性腰扭伤,探讨其临床推广价值方法:依次针刺二角明穴中白穴,。腰部阿是穴用三棱针点刺放血后拔以火罐,天柱穴点刺放血结果:36例患者中,治愈31例,好转者5例,总有效率达100%。

  20. Efficacy observation on treating varicose veins by bloodletting%放血疗法治疗下肢静脉曲张疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周超华

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To observe efficacy of bloodletting on varicose veins. Methods: According to American Vein Institute CEAP classification, 93 cases of varicose veins were divided into the standard group (C2-3) (34 cases), eczema group (C4-5) (31 cases), and ulcer group (C6) (28 cases). By receiving bloodletting, efficacy was observed and the dates were processed. Results: The total efficiency was 100.00% (the standard group), 96.77% (the eczema group) and 92.86% (ulcer group) respectively. 90 cases were effective; the total efficiency was 96.77%; comparing with inefficient,P<0.01. Conclusion: Treating varicose veins by bloodletting is economical and effective, worthy of promotion.%目的:观察与分析放血疗法治疗下肢静脉曲张的疗效。方法:随机选取93例下肢静脉曲张患者,且根据美国静脉学会CEAP分类法,将其分为标准组(C2-3)34例、湿疹组(C4-5)31例、溃疡组(C6)28例,均给予放血疗法,且对其效果进行观察,对数据进行统计、分析。结果:标准组、湿疹组、溃疡组总有效率分别达到100.00%、96.77%、92.86%,93例下肢静脉曲张者总有效90例,总有效率达96.77%,与无效率相比,P<0.01。结论:放血疗法在处理下肢静脉曲张方面经济、有效,值得推广。

  1. 远端点刺放血治疗急性咽喉肿痛应用之商榷%Bloodletting at Far End for Treating the Acute Swollen Sore Throat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昆珊; 王佳丽; 任钟门

    2014-01-01

    远端点刺放血治疗急性咽喉肿痛疗效显著,是针灸临床治疗急性咽喉肿痛的常用之法。但是通过整理分析近10年有关远端点刺放血治疗急性咽喉肿痛临床报道文献,发现无论是在临床治疗过程中还是研究领域均缺乏对该疗法适应症筛选的重视及出血量标准的确定。重视远端点刺放血治疗急性咽喉肿痛的适应症筛选和放血量的控制是提高疗效的关键。%The curative effect of bloodletting at far end on the acute swollen sore throat is outstanding.There-fore,this method is always used in the clinical treatment.But by sorting and analyzing the related data in the re-cent decade,it was found that no matter in the process of clinical treatment or research areas,and the adaptation disease of this therapeutic method was not paid much attention to.The amount of bloodletting has no standard. The key to improving the curative effect on the acute swollen sore throat is to pay attention to choosing the adap-tation disease of bloodletting at far end and controlling the amount of bloodletting.

  2. Observation on Medicated Cupping and Blood-letting Therapy for Rheumatic Fever%药罐结合放血疗法治疗风湿热疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘虹

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察药罐结合放血疗法治疗风湿热的疗效.方法:将60 例患者随机分为2 组,治疗组采用药罐联合放血疗法,对照组除不采用放血疗法外其余治疗方式与治疗组相同.结果:总有效率治疗组为93.3%,对照组为90.0%;愈显率治疗组为70%,对照组为50.0%.2 组总有效率和治疗前后疼痛缓解程度比较,差异无统计学意义,但2组愈显率比较有统计学差异(P<0.05).结论:药罐配合放血疗法,对风湿热有较好地治疗优势.%Objective: To explore clinical effects of medicated cupping and blood-letting therapy in treating rheumatic fever. Method: All 60 patients were randomized into the treatment group and the control group. The patients in the treatment group were administered with medicated cupping and blood-letting therapy, the control group received the same therapy, except blood-letting therapy. Result: Total effective rates of the treatment group and the control group were 93.3% and 90.0%. The difference between both groups expressed no statistical meaning in total effective rate and remission degrees of pain before and after treating, but the comparison presented statistical difference in excellent and cure rate(P<0.05). Conclusion: Medicated cupping and blood-letting therapy show advantage in treating rheumatic fever.

  3. Treating 90 Cases of Children Exopathogenic Fever of Wind-heat Type by Points Bloodletting%穴位刺血治疗小儿风热型外感发热90例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    井夫杰; 张静

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To observe the curative efficacy of treating children exopathogenic fever of wind - heat type by points bloodletting. Methods:90 cases according to diagnostic criteria were alternatively treated by three groups of points bloodletting. Once twelve hours, four treatments made one course. After treatment, clinical curative effects were analyzed. Results:Of 90 cases, 65 cases were cured, 12 cases were markedly effective, 8 cases were effective, and 5 cases failed. The total effective rate was 94.44%. Conclusion:Points bloodletting is a good therapy for treating children exopathogenic fever of wind - heat type. It is worth applying to clinical practice.%目的:观察穴位刺血治疗风热型小儿外感发热的临床疗效.方法:符合诊断标准90例患儿,选取少商、商阳、关冲、大椎及双侧耳尖穴进行刺血治疗,每隔12 h治疗1次,4次为一疗程.结果:90例中痊愈65例,显效12例,有效8例,无效5例,总有效率为94.44%.结论:穴位刺血是治疗小儿外感发热非常有效的中医外治法之一,值得临床推广.

  4. Efficacy Observation on Balance Acupunture Combined with Blood-letting Therapy for Acute Lumbar Sprain%平衡针配合放血疗法治疗急性腰扭伤疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈彦柳

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe the efficacy of balance acupuncture combined with blood-letting therapy for acute lumbar sprain. Methods:68 cases of acute lumbar sprain patients were randomly divided into treatment group (34 cases) and control group (34 cases), the treatment group treated by balance acupuncture combined with blood-letting therapy, while control group by conventional body acupuncture, evaluated the efficacy after a course of treatment. Results:The total effective rate of treatment group was 100.00%, which was higher than 88.24%that of control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:Balance acupuncture combined with blood-letting therapy has significant curative effect on acute lumbar sprain.%目的:观察平衡针配合放血疗法治疗急性腰扭伤的疗效。方法:将68例急性腰扭伤患者随机分为治疗组(34例)和对照组(34例),治疗组采用平衡针配合放血疗法治疗,对照组给予常规体针治疗,一个疗程后评定临床疗效。结果:治疗组总有效率为100.00%,高于对照组的88.24%(P<0.05)。结论:平衡针配合放血疗法治疗急性腰扭伤疗效显著。

  5. 火针放血治疗老年下肢静脉曲张的疗效分析%Curative Effect of Bloodletting Acupuncture in the Treatment of Senile Varicose Vein

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田亚振; 张静; 田永辉

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨火针放血治疗老年下肢静脉曲张的疗效。方法选择在我院接受治疗的老年下肢静脉曲张患者30例作为研究对象,对其均使用火针放血进行治疗,观察患者的临床治疗效果。结果30例患者中,痊愈者26例(86.7%),好转者3例(10.0%),无效者1例(3.3%),治疗总有效率为96.7%。结论火针放血治疗下肢静脉效果显著,能够促进新血生成和血脉通畅。%ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy of acupuncture bloodletting in treatment of elderly patients with varicose vein of lower extremity.Methods In our hospital to accept the treatment of senile patients with varicose vein of lower extremity in 30 cases as the research object,the use of acupuncture bloodletting treatment,observed in patients with clinical therapeutic effect.Results In 30 cases,26 cases(86.7%)were cured,3 cases improved(10%), 1 cases(3.3%),the total effective rate was 96.7%. Conclusion Acupuncture bloodletting in the treatment of lower limb vein effect significantly,can promote new blood generation and blood smooth.

  6. Treating one case of intractable insomnia by acupuncture, bloodletting in auricular point plus sharp-eared%针刺、耳穴配合耳尖放血治愈顽固性失眠1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕; 陈华德

    2012-01-01

      With the accelerating pace of biochemical, various pressure is unexpected. The Insomnia becomes a common clinical disease. Acupuncture, bloodletting in auricular point plus sharp-eared is effective in treating insomnia.%  随着生化节奏的不断加快,各种压力突如其来,失眠成为临床常见疾病。运用针刺、耳穴配合耳尖放血治疗失眠取得良好地疗效。

  7. 放血疗法治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎15例%Treating 15 cases of refractory external humeral epicondylitis with blood-letting therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文娟

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of blood-letting therapy on refractory external humeral epicondylitis. Methods:15 patients were given routine treatment and blood-letting therapy as well. Results:9 cases were cured, occupying 60%, 5 cases were significantly effective, occupying 33% and 1 case was effective, occupying 7%, with the total effective rate 100%. Conclusion:Blood-letting therapy was significantly effective on refractory external humeral epicondylitis.%  目的:探讨放血疗法对顽固性肱骨外上髁炎的治疗效果。方法:15例患者在基础治疗的基础上,给予放血疗法。结果:9例痊愈,占60%;5例显效,占33%;1例有效,占7%。结论:放血疗法是治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎比较理想的方法。

  8. 刺络放血治疗帕金森病冻结步态及其机理探微%Mce hanism of Freze ing Gait in Parkinson Disease Treat edb y Blood-letting Pu ntc ur e

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢航; 鲍丹艳; 周红

    2013-01-01

    介绍一种帕金森病冻结步态的治疗方法-刺络放血,并探讨其作用机理。通过刺络放血治疗,对出现冻结步态的帕金森病患者进行临床研究。经过1年随访,患者的冻结步态均明显改善,部分症状消失,肌强直等帕金森病症状亦改善明显。表明刺络放血疗法能够明显改善帕金森病患者的冻结步态。%This paper is to introduce blood -letting puncture as a treatment for freezing gait in Parkinson dis-ease and to discuss its mechanisms .Use clinical studies to research patients with Parkinson ’ s freezing gait by blood-letting puncture .Patients’ freezing gait has been improved significantly after one year follow -up, and parts of the symptoms disappear .Parkinson’s symptoms, such as myotone has also been significantly improved . Therefore ,blood-letting puncture can improve freezing gait in Parkinson disease significantly .

  9. The Magical Effect of Music Therapy in the Bloodletting Room of Health Management Centre%音乐疗法在健康管理中心抽血室的妙用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡翠玉

    2013-01-01

    目的通过音乐疗法,减轻体检客户抽血时带来的疼痛不适和烦燥情绪。方法对前来体检客户采用问卷式调查方式。结果90%客户对抽血室采取音乐疗法表示满意。结论健康体检中心抽血室对前来体检的客户采用音乐疗法,达到预期效果,不管是从心理或生理上都给客户消除紧张、烦燥情绪,达到理想效果。%Objective: To al eviate pain and irritable mood of examination customers when exsanguinated through music therapy. Methods: Questionnaires were used for examination customers. Results:Questionnaires show that 90%of customers expressed satisfaction with music therapy in the bloodlet ing room. Conclusion:Music therapy used for examination customers in the bloodlet ing room of health management centre had achieved expected results,and the mood of tension and irritability of customers were eliminated in psychological or physiological aspect.

  10. 放血疗法配合拔罐治疗风热感冒发热疗效观察%Therapeutic Observation of Bloodletting Therapy plus Cupping for Common Cold Due to Wind-heat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪玲; 吕鹤翎

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察点刺放血、穴位刺络拔罐配合背部拔罐对风热感冒发热的退热作用。方法将62例外感发热患者随机分为治疗组30例、对照组32例。对照组予安痛定2 mL肌肉注射,并口服清开灵颗粒3 g,每日3次;治疗组在对照组治疗的基础上施以大椎及肺俞穴刺络拔罐,少商、商阳穴点刺放血并配合背部拔罐。观察两组临床治疗效果及体温下降0.5℃的起效时间及退热时间。结果治疗组起效时间和退热时间分别为(6.11±2.18)h、(27.11±10.84)h,总有效率为93.4%;对照组起效时间和退热时间分别为(14.31±5.43)h、(39.14±13.45)h,总有效率为84.4%,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.O5)。结论点刺放血配合刺络拔罐,对风热感冒发热具有明显的退热效果。%ObjectiveTo observe the defervesce effect of bloodletting plus puncturing and cupping treatment in treating common cold due to wind-heat.MethodSixty-two patients with fever due to external contraction were randomized into a treatment group of 30 cases and a control group of 32 cases. The control group was intervened by muscular injection of Antodin plus oral administration ofQing Kai Linggranules 3 g, three times a day; the treatment group was by cupping and bloodletting at Dazhui (GV14) and Feishu (BL13), bloodletting at Shaoshang (LU11) and Shangyang (LI1), and cupping at back in addition to the intervention given to the control group. The clinical efficacy, treatment acting time (body temperature decreased by 0.5℃) and defervesce time were observed. ResultIn the treatment group, the acting time and defervesce time were respectively (6.11±2.18)h and (27.11±10.84)h, and total effective rate was 93.4%; in the control group, the acting time and defervesce time were respectively(14.31±5.43)h and (39.14±13.45)h, and total effective rate was 84.4%, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion Acupoint bloodletting plus bloodletting

  11. Clinical research on the treatment of acne with blood-letting puncturing and cupping%刺络拔罐治疗痤疮临床研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田楠; 陶晓雁; 周宇; 谢朝霞

    2012-01-01

    痤疮,中医称为"粉刺",其病因病机主要为素体湿热内蕴,加之感受风邪.刺络拔罐法是刺络放血与拔罐相结合的一种中医疗法,具有通经活络、清热解毒、消痈散结之功效.回顾近5年相关临床研究文献,刺络拔罐法治疗痤疮有效率高,且简便易行,配合针刺、耳针、电针、火针、中药等方法,使痤疮的治疗手段更加丰富,疗效更显著.但存在放血量、留罐时间、疗程长短及证型分类不统一,远期疗效评价少见,机理研究缺乏等问题.%In traditional Chinese medicine, acne has a name called "Fen Ci" , its etiology and pathogenesis is innate endoretention of damp heat in the body, and combined with being caught by wind pathogen. Blood-letting puncturing and cupping is a kind of Chinese medical therapy which combination of meridian-pricking therapy and cupping therapy, its effect is dredging the meridian passage, heat-clearing and detoxicating, subduing inflammation and eliminating stagnation. Through reviewing related articals in the field of blood-letting puncturing and cupping treatment on acne, we conclude that this therapy is effective, and it is more effective to combined acupuncture, ear point acupuncture, electric needling, fire needling therapy, drugs with blood-letting puncturing and cupping. But mechanism research is lacked, long-time effect study is rared. And the volume of bleeding, lasting time of cupping, treatment frequency, and classification of syndrome need to be given unified standards.

  12. 电针联合刺络拔罐治疗带状疱疹疗效观察%Observation on clinical effect of electroacupuncture plus pricking-cupping bloodletting therapy for herpes zoster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华宇; 李瑛; 郭清; 季玲琳; 王剑波

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察电针配合刺络拔罐治疗带状疱疹的临床疗效。方法:将43例带状疱疹患者随机分为治疗组23例和对照组20例。治疗组采用电针联合刺络拔罐治疗;对照组采用口服阿昔洛韦片(Aciclovir Tablets)、双氯芬酸钠双释放肠溶胶囊(Diclofenac Sodium Dual Release Enteric-coated Capsules)、甲钴胺分散片(Methylcobalamin Dispersible Tablets)、维生素B12治疗。结果:治疗组总有效率为87.0%,对照组为70.0%,两组总有效率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:电针联合刺络拔罐治疗带状疱疹的临床疗效优于药物治疗。%Objective:To observe the clinical effect of electroacupuncture (EA) plus pricking-cupping bloodletting therapy for herpes zoster. Methods:A total of 43 patients with herpes zoster were randomly divided into two groups, 23 cases in the treatment group and 20 cases in the control group. The treatment group was given EA plus pricking-cupping bloodletting therapy. The control group was given oral administration of Aciclovir Tablets, Diclofenac Sodium Dual Release Enteric-coated Capsules, Methylcobalamin Dispersible Tablets, and V itamin B12. Results: The total effective rate was 87.0% in the treatment group and 70.0% in the control group, with a statistical significance in difference of the total effective rate between the two groups (P Conclusion:The clinical effect is better in the treatment of herpes zoster by EA plus pricking-cupping bloodletting therapy than by medications.

  13. 刺络拔罐配合微波治疗顽固性网球肘临床观察%Clinical Observations on Pricking-cupping Bloodletting plus Microwave Therapy for Intractable Tennis Elbow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金泰; 蒋生云

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate the pain relieving degree and the comprehensive efficacy of pricking-cupping bloodletting plus microwave therapy in treating intractable tennis elbow.MethodSeventy-two patients meeting the inclusion criteria were randomly allocated, using a random number table, to a treatment group (pricking-cupping bloodletting plus microwave therapy,n=36) and a control group (electroacupuncture plus microwave therapy,n=36). The pain relieving degree and the overall therapeutic effect were assessed using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and theCriteria of Syndrome Diagnosis and Therapeutic Effect in Traditional Chinese Medicinein the patients after treatment.ResultThe pain relieving degree and the overall therapeutic effect were more remarkable in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05).ConclusionPricking-cupping bloodletting plus microwave therapy can effectively heighten the pain relieving degree and the overall therapeutic effect in treating patients with intractable tennis elbow.%目的:观察刺络拔罐配合微波治疗顽固性网球肘疼痛改善程度和综合疗效。方法将72例符合纳入标准的患者,采用简单随机数字表法分为治疗组(刺络拔罐配合微波治疗,n=36)和对照组(电针配合微波治疗,n=36),用视觉模拟评分法(VAS)和《中医病证诊断疗效标准》相关疗效标准观察治疗前后患者疼痛改善程度和综合疗效。结果治疗组疼痛改善程度和综合疗效均明显优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论刺络拔罐配合微波治疗顽固性网球肘,患者疼痛减轻程度和综合疗效有效提高。

  14. Comparative Study on the Therapeutic Efficacy between Medicinal Cupping and Bloodletting for Chronic Low Back Pain%药罐法与刺络放血法治疗慢性腰痛疗效对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘良; 马学红; 韩双; 胡慧

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察药罐法与刺络放血法治疗腰椎间盘突出症和非特异性腰痛的疗效差异。方法将60例腰椎间盘突出症患者随机分为治疗1组和对照1组,每组30例。将60例非特异性腰痛患者随机分为治疗2组和对照2组,每组30例。治疗1组和治疗2组采用药罐法治疗,对照1组和对照2组采用刺络放血法治疗。观察各组治疗前后VAS评分及Oswestry功能障碍指数(ODI)的变化情况。结果治疗1组、治疗2组和对照2组治疗后VAS评分及ODI与同组治疗前比较,差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。对照1组治疗后VAS评分与同组治疗前比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);对照1组治疗后ODI与同组治疗前比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。对照1组治疗后ODI与对照2组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论药罐法与刺络放血法均是治疗慢性腰痛的有效方法,其中药罐法改善患者ODI优于刺络放血法。%Objective To compare the therapeutic efficacy between medicinal cupping and collateral-pricking bloodletting therapy in treating lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) and non-specific low back pain.Method Sixty LIDH patients were randomized into treatment group 1 and control group 1, 30 cases in each group. Sixty non-specific low back pain patients were randomized into treatment group 2 and control group 2, 30 cases in each group. Treatment group 1 and 2 were intervened by medicinal cupping, while control group 1 and 2 were by collateral-pricking bloodletting. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were observed before and after intervention.Result The VAS and ODI scores were significantly changed after intervention in treatment group 1, treatment group 2, and control group 2 (P0.05). After treatment, there was a significant difference in comparing the ODI score between control group 1 and control group 2 (P<0.05).Conclusion Medicinal cupping and

  15. Catgut Embedding Combined with Blood-letting Puncture and Cupping Therapy Treating 20 Cases with Acne Vulgaris%埋线联合刺络拔罐治疗寻常型痤疮20例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓仙

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察埋线联合刺络拔罐治疗寻常型痤疮的临床疗效.方法 将40例寻常型痤疮患者按就诊序号随机分为治疗组和对照组,各组20例.治疗组采用埋线联合刺络拔罐治疗,对照组采用毫针针刺治疗.观察2组的疗效.结果 治疗组总有效率90%,对照组总有效率60%,2组比较,P<0.05.结论 埋线联合刺络拔罐治疗寻常型痤疮疗效显著.%OBJECTIVE To observe the clinical efficacy of treating acne vulgaris by catgut embedding combined with blood -letting puncture and cupping therapy. METHODS 40 cases the with acne vulgaris were randomized into 2 groups: treatment group and control group with 20 cases in each. The treatment group were treated by catgut embedding combined with bloodletting puncture and cupping therapy, while the control group were treated by filiform needling. The therapeutic results were observed. RESULTS The overall response rate (ORR) in treatment group was 90% and 60% in control group. The ORR in treatment group was higher than that in control group, P<0.05. CONCLUSION The efficacy of treating acne vulgaris by catgut embedding combined with blood-letting puncture and cupping therapy is remarkable.

  16. 刺络放血联合中药外敷治疗急性痛风性关节炎的临床观察%Efficacy of Bloodletting of Ci collaterals and External Use of Chinese Medicine to Treat Gouty Arthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张园; 魏华

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate efficacy of bloodletting of Ci collaterals in combination of external use of Chinese medicine to treat gouty arthritis. Methods: A total of 102 patients of gouty arthritis was treated with bloodletting of Ci collaterals in combination of external use of Chinese medicine. Results: After treatment, biochemical parameter values and symptoms were improved significantly ( P < 0. 05 ) with a total effective rate of 96. 1% . Conclusion: bloodletting of Ci collaterals in combination of external use of Chinese medicine is an effective treatment of gouty arthritis.%目的:观察刺络放血联合中药外敷治疗急性痛风性关节炎的疗效.方法:将102例急性痛风性关节炎患者采用刺络放血联合中药外敷.结果:治疗后生化指标、症状评定改善明显(P<0 05),临床疗效总有效率达到96 1%.结论:刺络放血联合中药外敷治疗急性痛风性关节炎效果良好.

  17. 经络刮痧联合刺络放血治疗气滞血瘀型颈椎病疗效观察%Efficacy Observation on Scraping Combined with Blood-letting Therapy for Cervical Spondylosis of Qi Stagnation and Blood Stasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何宏伟

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察经络刮痧联合刺络放血治疗气滞血瘀型颈椎病的疗效。方法:47例气滞血瘀型颈椎病患者均行经络刮痧联合刺络放血治疗,观察其临床疗效。结果:治愈9例,好转36例,无效2例,总有效率为95.7%。结论:经络刮痧联合刺络放血治疗气滞血瘀型颈椎病疗效显著。%To observe the efficacy of scraping combined with blood-letting therapy for cervical spondylosis of qi stagnation and blood sta-sis. Methods:47 cases of patients with cervical spondylosis of qi stagnation and blood stasis were all treated by scraping combined with blood-letting therapy, and observed their efficacy. Results:9 cases were cured, 36 cases had turned better, and 2 cases invalid, the total effective rate was 95.7%. Conclusion:The treatment of scraping combined with blood-letting therapy has significant curative effect on cervical spondylosis of qi stagnation and blood stasis.

  18. Analysis of Curative Effect of Acupuncture Combined With Bloodletting Needle Treatment of Varicose Veins of Lower Extremity%针刺配合火针放血治疗下肢静脉曲张的疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾诗奇

    2015-01-01

    目的:针刺配合火针放血治疗对下肢静脉曲张的治疗效果进行观察分析。方法选取2013年3月1日~2015年3月15日于我院收治的57例下肢静脉曲张患者进行分组治疗,随机分为观察组和对照组,为观察组患者提供火针放血治疗方式进行治疗,为对照组患者提供针刺配合火针治疗法进行治疗,观察比较两组的痊愈率和总有效率,总有效率=痊愈率+好转率。结果观察组29例下肢静脉曲张患者经治疗总有效率为93.1%(27/29),对照组28例下肢静脉曲张患者经治疗总有效率为96.42%(27/28)。结论两组总有效率差异不大,但对照组略好于观察组,针刺配合火针放血治疗能够在治疗下肢静脉曲张中获得较好疗效。%Objective To cooperate with fire needle acupuncture bloodletting therapy for the treatment of lower extremity varicose veins effect observation analysis. Methods 57 cases of varicose veins patients admitted were chosen in March 1, 2013 to March 15, 2015 in our hospital, were randomly divided into observation group and treatment group, provide observation group of patients with fire needle bloodletting therapy treatment, provide control patients with acupuncture with fire needle therapy treatment, compare two groups of the cure rate and total effective rate, the total effective rate of recovery rate and the sum of the recovery. Results Observation group of 29 patients with varicose veins of lower limb after treatment the total effective rate was 93.1% (27/29), the control group of 28 patients with lower extremity varicose veins after treatment the total effective rate was 96.42% (27/28). Conclusion Two group total effective rate difference is not big, but the control group was slightly better in the observation group, with fire needle acupuncture bloodletting therapy can achieve good curative effect in treatment of lower extremity varicose veins.

  19. CLINICAL OBSERVATION ABOUT THE EFFECT OF BLOOD-LETTING OF JING-POINTS ON CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW IN STROKE PATIENTS AT THE EARLY STAGE AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON ITS MECHANISMS IN THE RABBIT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiuyun; REN Shusheng; GUO Yi; ZHOU Guoping; ZHOU Zhiliang; PAN Rongqing; XU Tangping; LI Qing; WANG Xin; REN Huanzhong

    2002-01-01

    In this paper,the authors sum their research resuits about the effect of blood-letting of Jing(Well)-point on cerebral blood flow both in stroke patients and in experimental cerebral ischemia,cerebral hematoma and hypertension rabbits.In 30cases of stroke (cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction)patients,blood flow state of the anterior cerebral artery(ACA),middle cerebral artery(MCA)and the posterior cerebral artery (PCA), and the blood flow velocity of the bilateral vertebral artery (VA)and the basil artery(BA)are determined before and afterpricking blood of the Twelve Jing-points.In experimental cerebral ischernia (by occlusion of the common carotid ertery) rabbits ,cerebral hematoma model rabbits and intravenous injection of noradrenaline induced hypertension rabbits, rheoencephalogram(REC) is detected before and after blood letting of the twelve"Jing -points.In these 30stroke patients,ultrasound Doppler examination's results show that in 22 cases (73.33%) whose blood flow velocity decreases,after blood-letting of the 12 Jing-points, it ncreases significantly(P< 0.01); in the rest 8 cases (26.67%) whose blood flow velocity speeds up,after treatment,it decreases evidently(P<tly (P< 0.01), showing a good dual-directional regulative effect of blood -letting therapy.In experimental cerebral ischemia rabbits,cerebral hematoma rabbits and hypertension rabbits whose REG lowers in the amplitude apparently ( P < 0.01 ), after blood letting stimulation of the 12 Jing-points, it increases at different degrees.Three patterns of stimulation as blood letting stimulation, pain stimulation and Jing-point stimulation, also the 3factors of blood-letting,may contribute to their effect on improvement of the cerebral blood flow.Somatic affterent nerve,sympathetic nerve of the vasular wall,central cholinergic nerve(M receptors)and adrenergic nerve (α receptors) participate in the effect of blood letting on cerebral blood flow.

  20. One hundred and twenty cases of migraine treated by acupuncture on Zúlínqì(足临泣 GB 41)and bloodletting therapy on Ashi points%针刺足临泣配阿是穴放血治疗偏头痛120例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊富; ZHANG Yi

    2010-01-01

    @@ Migraine is a frequently encountered disease which may affect the work,study and daily life of the patient.It is proved of little avail of treatments with medication,acupuncture or other therapies on most of the patients.With high ratio of recurrence,it is very difficult to be completely cured.The author of the article has treated 120 cases of migraine with acupuncture on Zúlínqì(足临泣GB 41)and bloodletting therapy on Ashi points.The experience is now shared as the follows.

  1. Research Progress on the Treatment of Gouty Arthritis by Blood-letting Puncture%刺络放血治疗痛风性关节炎的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪; 徐天舒

    2014-01-01

    本研究总结近10年刺络放血治疗痛风性关节炎的研究进展,并提出科研中应该注意的问题及发展方向。从治法联合的多样性、放血量的控制、刺血手法的选取、实验研究等方面,对近10年刺络放血治疗痛风性关节炎的文献进行综述。结果发现刺络放血治疗痛风性关节炎有一定疗效,起效快、疗效好、不良反应少、复发率低、方法各异,但机制研究缺乏,还存在问题有待于进一步的研究解决。%The paper summarizes advances of studies on blood-letting puncture for the treatment of gouty ar-thritis in the recent decade and puts forward the problems that should be paid attention to and the developmental direction in scientific research.Review the literature about the treatment for gouty arthritis by blood -letting puncture in the recent decade from diversity of combined treatments, control of the bleeding amount,selection of the pricking blood technique and the experimental research.Blood-letting puncture for treating gouty arthritis has a certain effect,but it lacks the mechanism research.Blood-letting puncture for treating gouty arthritis is effective and rapid action with few side-effects and low recurring rates,but there are some problems that should be solved in the further study.

  2. Surface needle and blood-letting puncturing and cupping on back shu point for treatment of teens’vulgaris acne of syndrome%面针结合背俞穴刺络拔罐治疗青少年寻常性痤疮

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙慧丽; 熊桂华

    2015-01-01

    中医认为,青少年寻常性痤疮的病因病机外以风、热、寒、湿等外邪侵袭为主,内有血热、虚损等而致。采用面针结合背俞穴刺络拔罐法治疗是以面部皮损局部为中心行多针围刺,直达患处,能加快面部气血运行;根据不同证型选择相应的背俞穴行刺络拔罐治疗,可调理脏腑气血,促进脏腑生理功能。%Acne is a kind of disease that occurs in puberty. It is chronic,inflammatory and disfigured. In traditional Chinese medicine,acne is caused by wind,heat,cold,wet,blood-heat,and deficiency. Surface needle and blood-let-ting puncturing and cupping on back shu point for acne is a method that makes lesions as the center and acupunctures them,it can speed up the facial blood runs. According to different syndromes,we blood-letting puncture and cup on different back shu point. It can regulate qi and blood of Zang-Fu organs,and promote organs normal physiological function.

  3. Clinical Effects of Manipulation, Blood-letting Puncture and Cupping in Treating Myofascial Pain Syndrome of Neck and Back%推拿手法后刺络拔罐治疗颈肩背部肌筋膜疼痛综合征的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏宏伟

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore clinical efficacy of manipulation, blood-letting puncture and cupping in the treatment for myofascial pain syndrome of neck and back. Method: All 60 patients were randomized into the treatment group and the control group. The control group was applied with voltaren externally and the treatment group received manipulation, blood-letting puncture and cupping. Result: Total effective rates of the treatment group and the control group were 96.7% and 93.3%, comparison between both groups demonstrated no statistical meaning (P>0.05). Cure rate of the treatment group were 76.7%, higher than 50.0% of the control group significantly (P0.05). Conclusion: Manipulation, blood-letting puncture and cupping show remarkable effects in treating myofascial pain syndrome of neck and back.%目的:探讨推拿手法联合刺络拔罐治疗颈肩背部肌筋膜疼痛综合征的临床疗效.方法:将颈肩背部肌筋膜疼痛综合征患者60例随机分为治疗组和对照组各30例,对照组采用外涂扶他林常规方法治疗,治疗组采用推拿手法后刺络拔罐治疗.结果:治疗组总有效率为96.7%,治愈率为76.7%;对照组总有效率为93.3%,治愈率为50.0%.2 组总有效率无统计学意义(P>0.05),但治疗组治愈率明显高于对照组(P<0.05).治疗前后在疼痛、局部压痛、功能障碍方面,治疗组同组间、2 组间评分明显差异,均具有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:推拿手法后刺络拔罐治疗颈肩背部肌筋膜疼痛综合征疗效显著.

  4. 针刺放血结合云南白药外敷治疗急性期带状疱疹30例%Clinical Observation on the Treatment of Acute Herpes Zoster by Bloodletting plus Cupping and Yunnan Baiyao External Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马广昊

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of bloodletting -cupping combined with Yunnan Baiyao therapy on herpes zoster.Methods:Sixty patients with herpes zoster were randomly allocated into two groups.The treatment group with 30 patients were received pricking bloodletting therapy plus cupping and Yun-nan Baiyao,and the control group with 30 patients were received acupuncture treatment.10 days after the treat-ment, the VAS score was recorded for a comparison of the therapeutic effects.Results:At the end of treatment, the total efficacy rate was 73.33%in the treatment group, which was higher than 36.67%in the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:Compared with acupuncture, bloodletting therapy plus cupping combined with Yun-nan Baiyao has a better therapeutic effect on herpes zoste than traditional acupuncture therapies.%目的:观察放血结合云南白药外敷治疗带状疱疹的临床疗效。方法:将60例带状疱疹患者随机分为两组,治疗组30例采用梅花针叩刺放血结合云南白药治疗,对照组30例采用常规针灸疗法治疗,治疗1个疗程后观察疼痛缓解率及疗效并进行 VAS 评分,进行疗效对比。结果:治疗组痊愈率为73.33%,对照组痊愈率为36.67%,两组比较差异有统计学意义( P<0.05)。结论:放血疗法结合云南白药外敷治疗带状疱疹优于传统针刺疗法。

  5. 傍针刺结合刺络拔罐治疗瘀血阻络型网球肘疗效观察%Therapeutic Observation on Proximal Needling plus Blood-letting Puncture and Cupping for Blood Stasis Vessel Obstruction of Elbow Tennis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱金柳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of proximal needling plus blood-letting puncture and cupping in treating blood stasis vessel obstruction of elbow tennis.Methods Ninety patients with blood stasis of elbow tennis were randomized into a treatment group and a control group,30 each. The treatment group was intervened by proximal needling plus blood-letting puncture and cupping, while the control group was by taking loxoprofen sodium tablets. The pre-treatment and post-treatment VAS scores and the clinical therapeutic effects were compared between the two groups.Results The total efficacy was 93.3% in the treatment group and 77.8% in the control group, there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). There was a statistically significant pre-/post-treatment difference in the VAS score in the two groups (P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in pre-/post-treatment VAS score difference value between the treatment and control group (P<0.01).Conclusion Proximal needling plus blood-letting puncture and cupping is an effective way to treat blood stasis vessel obstruction of elbow tennis.%目的:观察傍针刺结合刺络拔罐治疗瘀血阻络型网球肘的临床疗效.方法:将90例瘀血阻络型网球肘患者随机分为观察组和对照组,每组45例.观察组采用傍针刺结合刺络拔罐治疗,对照组采用口服洛索洛芬钠片治疗.比较两组治疗前后V A S评分及临床疗效.结果:观察组总有效率为93.3%,对照组为77.8%,两组比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).两组治疗后V A S评分比较,差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.05).治疗组患者治疗前后 VAS 评分差值与对照组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:傍针刺结合刺络拔罐法是一种治疗瘀血阻络型网球肘的有效方法.

  6. The Bone Hole Bloodletting Fit β-Seven YeZao Sodium and Mecobalamin Glycosides Treatment of Acute Facial Paralysis%完骨穴放血配合β-七叶皂苷钠及甲钴胺治疗急性面神经炎临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李富昌

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨完骨穴放血疗法配合β-七叶皂苷钠及甲钴胺注射液治疗急性面神经炎的疗效.方法:将165例急性面神经炎的患者随机分为对照组80例和治疗组85例.对照组给予β-七叶皂苷钠20 mg+生理盐水250 mL,静脉滴注,同时给予甲钴胺0.5 mg肌肉注射,1次·d-1,共14 d;治疗组在对照组的基础上加完骨穴放血疗法.结果:治疗组有效率为94.1%,对照组有效率为85.0%,两组有效率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:完骨穴放血配合β-七叶皂苷钠及甲钴胺治疗急性面神经炎疗效显著.%Objective: To study the bone hole bloodletting therapy with beta seven YeZao sodium glycosides and mecobalamin injection in the treatment of acute the curative effect of facial paralysis. Methods: 165 cases of acute facial paralysis were randomly divided into control group of 80 cases and the treatment group 85 examples. Control group give beta seven YeZao sodium glycosides 20 mg + nacl 250 mL in static drop,once the one day,a total of 14 d;The treatment group in the control group after adding bone hole bloodletting therapy. Results;The effective rate was 94. 1% in treatment group and control group in effective rate was 5. 0% ,two groups of efficient comparison, the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion: The bone hole bloodletting fit beta seven YeZao sodium and mecobalamin glycosides treatment of acute facial nerve inflammation clinical effect is remarkable.

  7. 锋勾针排脓放血对结节型痤疮皮损修复作用的研究%Study on Pus-draining and Bloodletting with Sharp-hook Needle in Repairing Skin Lesions in Acne Vulgaris of Nodules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万怡

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察锋勾针排脓放血与单纯排脓治疗对结节型痤疮溃疡皮损的修复作用。方法选取20对结节型痤疮皮损,分为治疗组和对照组,治疗组采用锋勾针排脓放血治疗,对照组采用锋勾针排脓治疗。患者面部选择2枚结节型痤疮皮损,其溃疡面积与皮损面积都相同,1枚行锋勾针排脓放血法治疗,另1枚行锋勾针单纯排脓治疗,观察比较两组1星期内每天的溃疡面积和皮损面积变化,软硬度变化。结果治疗组溃疡皮损面积缩小情况优于对照组(P<0.05),治疗组软硬度变化情况优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论锋勾针挑割排脓放血治疗寻常痤疮对痤疮溃疡皮损面积修复能力较单纯排脓更强。%ObjectiveTo observe the effect of pus-draining and bloodletting with sharp-hook needle in repairing the skin lesions in acne vulgaris of nodules type.MethodTwenty pairs of skin lesions caused by acne vulgaris of nodules type were divided into a treatment group and a control group. The treatment group was intervened by pus-draining and bloodletting with sharp-hook needle, while the control group was by pus-draining with sharp-hook needle. Two facial skin lesions of same size were selected from each patient to respectively receive pus-draining and bloodletting with sharp-hook needle or pus-drainage alone. The changes of lesion size and hardness in a week were observed and compared.ResultThe reducing of lesion size was more significant in the treatment group than that in the control group (P<0.05), and the improvement of hardness of the lesions in the treatment group was also more significant in the treatment group than that in the control group (P<0.05).ConclusionPus-draining and bloodletting with sharp-hook needle can produce amore significant effect in repairing skin lesions in acne vulgaris than pus-draining alone.

  8. Clinical Observation of Tiao Ren Tong Du Needling plus Bloodletting at Jing-well Points for Post-stroke Spastic State MA%调任通督针法结合井穴刺血治疗脑卒中痉挛状态临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓明; 李晶晶; 闫兵; 刘永锋; 周鹏; 黄汝成

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Tiao Ren Tong Du (regulating the Conception Vessel and unblocking the Governor Vessel) needling method plus bloodletting at the Jing-well points in treating post-stroke spastic state. Method Sixty-seven eligible patients were randomized into a group to receive Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at the Jing-well points (treatment group) and a rehabilitation group (control group). For the two groups, the treatment was given once a day, 6 times as a treatment course, for 4 courses in total. The Modified Ashworth Scale was used to evaluate the spasticity intensity, and the Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) for post-stroke spastic hemiplegia was used to measure the patients from the following four aspects:subjective symptoms, objective symptoms, mental state, and social function. Result After intervention, the scores of spasticity, and physiological, mental, social, and environmental factors were significantly improved in both groups (P<0.01,P<0.05). Compared to rehabilitation, Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at Jing-well points can more significantly release the muscular spasticity and reduce the PRO score (P<0.01). The recovery plus markedly-effective rate was 70.6% in the treatment group versus 42.4% in the control group. Conclusion Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at Jing-well points can effectively improve post-stroke spastic state and the quality of life.%目的:观察调任通督针刺法结合井穴刺血治疗脑卒中痉挛状态的临床疗效。方法将符合标准的67例患者随机分为调任通督针法结合井穴刺血组(治疗组)和康复治疗组(对照组),两组均每日治疗1次,6次为1个疗程,共治疗4个疗程。采用改良 Ashworth 张力评分法所定标准对肌痉挛程度进行评定,以及中风痉挛性偏瘫基于报告结局指标(PRO)对患者主观症状、客观症状、心理状态、社会功能4个领域进行评分。结果两组患者治

  9. Observations on the Efficacy of Acupuncture plus Ashi Point Pricking Bloodletting in Treating Acute Gouty Arthritis%针刺配合阿是穴刺络放血治疗急性痛风性关节炎疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐颖; 黄微珍; 李斌

    2016-01-01

    目的:针刺配合阿是穴放血治疗急性痛风性关节炎的临床疗效。方法将70例急性痛风性关节炎患者随机分为治疗组38例和对照组32例。治疗组采用针刺配合阿是穴刺络放血治疗,对照组采用常规药物治疗。观察两组治疗前后血尿酸及C反应蛋白含量变化情况,比较两组临床疗效。结果两组治疗1、2个疗程后血尿酸及C反应蛋白含量与同组治疗前比较,差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.01)。治疗组治疗2个疗程后C反应蛋白含量与对照组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。治疗组总有效率为84.2%,对照组为81.3%,两组比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论针刺配合阿是穴刺络放血是一种治疗急性痛风性关节炎的有效方法。%Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of acupuncture plus ashi point pricking bloodletting in treating acute gouty arthritis.Methods Seventy patients with acute gouty arthritis were randomly allocated to a treatment group of 38 cases and a control group of 32 cases. The treatment group received acupuncture plus ashi point pricking bloodletting and the control group, routine medication. Blood uric acid and C reaction protein contents were measured in the two groups before and after treatment. The clinical therapeutic effects were compared between the two groups.Results There were statistically significant differences in blood uric acid and C reaction protein contents after one and two courses of treatment compared with before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01). After two courses of treatment, there was a statistically significant difference in comparing C reaction protein contents between the two groups (P<0.05). The total efficacy rate was 84.2% in the treatment group and 81.3% in the control group; there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05).Conclusion Acupuncture plus ashi point pricking bloodletting is an effective way to

  10. 蒙医枕骨脉拔罐放血配合蒙药治疗颈性眩晕疗效观察*%Curative Effect Observation on Cervical Vertigo Treatment with Bloodletting Therapy on Occipital Vein and Mongolian Drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    This study was aimed to observe curative effect on the treatment of cervical vertigo with bloodletting therapy and cupping therapy on the occipital vein. A total of 62 cervical vertigo cases were enrolled from both the outpatient department and inpatient department and were randomly divided into two groups. In the treatment group, vacuum cup was applied as soon as the occipital veins of both sides were pricked with the three-edged needle. Mongolian drugs were administered orally in combination. In the control group, methanesulfonic acid be-tahistine tablet was administered orally. The results showed that both the cure rate and total effective rate of the treatment group are higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). And there is statistical difference. It was concluded that the curative effect on cervical vertigo of bloodletting combined with cupping therapy on occipital vein is certain and it has become a better natural therapy in the treatment of cervical vertigo patients.%  目的:观察枕骨脉放血配合拔罐治疗颈性眩晕的疗效。方法:收集门诊或住院的颈性眩晕患者62例,随机分为两组,治疗组用三棱针在双侧枕骨脉点刺后立即在此部位加真空拔罐给予负压治疗,同时配合口服蒙药治疗。对照组口服甲磺酸倍他司汀片。结果:治疗组的治愈率及总有效率均明显高于对照组(P约0.05)。结论:枕骨脉放血配合拔罐治疗颈性眩晕疗效确切,是治疗颈性眩晕的一种较好的自然疗法。

  11. 电针联合刺络拔罐治疗冈上肌肌腱炎30例临床观察%Analysis the Electric Acupuncture and Blood-letting Puncture and Cupping Treatment in Supraspinatus Tendinitis in 30 Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡灵波; 谢丽华

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察电针联合刺络拔罐治疗冈上肌肌腱炎的临床效果。方法:选取60例冈上肌肌腱炎患者为受试对象,根据不同治疗方式将患者分为观察组和对照组,两组各30例。对照组患者单纯应用电针治疗;观察组患者同时应用电针和刺络拔罐治疗。观察两组治疗后临床疗效、疼痛评分等内容。结果:经治疗后,观察组患者临床痊愈率为36.7%,总有效率为96.7%,均明显高于对照组(P<0.05);两组在VAS评分和C-M评分相比较,差异均存在统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:联合刺络拔罐和电针治疗冈上肌肌腱炎的临床疗效优于单独电针治疗,且患者疼痛和肩关节功能均有改善,值得在临床推广应用。%Objective To observe the effect of electric acupuncture combined with blood-letting puncture and cupping in the treat-ment of supraspinatus tendinitis .Methods 60 cases with supraspinatus tendinitis from september 2015 to march 2016 in our hospital were selected as the subjects,according to the different treatment methods divided into the combined group and control group,30 cases in each group.The control group were treated by electric acupuncture,and combined group received electric acupuncture and blood -letting puncture and cupping.Observe the clinical efficacy of the two groups after treatment,pain score,etc..Results After treatment,the clin-ical cure rate was 36. 7%,the total efficiency was 96. 7%of patients in the combined group,was higher than the control group,(P<0. 05).Compared The differences in VAS and C-M score in Two groups were statistical significance (P<0. 05).Conclusion The Blood-letting puncture and Cupping Combined with Electric acupuncture is better than Electric acupuncture in treating supraspinatus tendinitis,the pain and shoulder joint function were improved significantly,it is worth further research in the future.

  12. The Cause of Athletic Tibia Periostitis for College PE Candidates and the Research on Bloodletting Cupping Therapy%体育高考生运动性胫骨骨膜炎成因和放血拔罐疗法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔冬雪; 赵毅博; 马冀飞

    2014-01-01

    运动性胫骨骨膜炎在体育高考生中是非常常见的损伤,其主要致病因素包括自身运动基础差、技术模式不正确、力的作用不合理、教练的训练方法及场地条件差和风寒湿邪侵入机体等。对患有运动性胫骨骨膜炎的13名体育高考生采用放血拔罐疗法进行治疗,取得了良好的效果,能够在较短的时间内减轻乃至消除伤病的影响,使体育高考生能更好地适应和进行日常的运动训练。%Athletic tibia periostitis is a very common injury of college PE candidates. The pathogenic factors of athletic tibia periostitis are mainly students' own poor sports foundation,incorrect technology mod-el,irrational action of force,the coach's training methods,poor site condition and the invasion of the wind cold dampness to organism. The bloodletting cupping therapy has achieved good effects in treating on 13 cases of college candidates of PE athletic tibia periostitis. It can reduce,and even eliminate the influence of the injury in a relatively short period. Moreover,it can make college PE candidates better adapt to and conduct the daily exercise training.

  13. 耳尖放血加耳压治疗瘫痪卧床患者便秘的疗效观察%The curative effect observation of the apex auride bloodletting combined with auricular plaster therapy adopted for constipation of patients with paralysis lying on bed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    相永梅; 刘桂玲

    2001-01-01

    @@Background: The patients with paralysis lying on bed for a long time are easy to constipate,which causes great pain to them,especially the patients with the complications of hypertension、coronary atherosclerotic cardiopathy,inclined to aggravate patients' state of illness even hazard their lives.So it is very important to choose fast and effective ways to resolve the constipation in time. Objective: To observe the curative effect of the apex auride bloodletting combined with auricular plaster therapy adopted for constipation of patients with paralysis lying on bed. Unit:Specialty of Acupuncture and Moxibustion of the General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region. Subject: There were 86 patients of constipation with paralysis lying on bed in this group,male 40 cases,female 46 cases,average ages 65.There were 58 cases in the control group,male 28 cases,femal 30 cases,average ages 63.5.There was statistic comparability on sex,age,course of disease,and so on between the two groups. Design: The patients in the therapeutic group were divided into two dialectical types: the showing of constipation of excess type was: stool had been obstructed for several days,they tried very hard when they were defecating,or fever,excessive thirst,liking cool,reddened tongue,dry rough and yellowish fur,slippery and replete pulse,or disterding pain in hypochondrium and abdomen;the showing of constipation of insufficiency type was: constipation,dim complexion,dizziness and palpitation,fatigue,pale tongue,thin and whitism fur,feeble and thready pulse,or liking warm and fearing cold,pale tongue,deep and slow pulse.Therapy were completed seperately according to the types.

  14. TREATMENT OF HERPES ZOSTER-INDUCED NEURAGIA WITH BLOOD-LETTING, CUPPING PLUS ACUPUNCTURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡志红; 贺普仁

    2003-01-01

    Professor HE Pu-ren has engaged in acupuncture clinic for more than 50 years and created a specific therapy- "San Tong Fa" (triple dredging needling) for treating various diseases. It is mainly employed to regulate and normalize functional activities of qi, and to cure diseases at last. In the treatment of some refractory diseases, his "San Tong Fa" has new improvement and further development.

  15. Treatment of Stye by Auricular Point Blood-letting Therapy: A Report of 85 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhan-hui

    2005-01-01

    Eighty-five cases of stye were treated by pricking and extruding some blood in auricular points Eye 1 and Eye 2. After 5 treatments, 63 cases were cured, 17 cases obtained improvement, 5 cases obtained no effects, and the total effective rate is 94.1%.%点刺耳穴目1和目2,并挤压出血,治疗85例麦粒肿患者,经过5次治疗,治愈63例,好转17例,无效5例,总有效率94.1%.

  16. TREATMENT OF 30 CASES OF INFANTILE HIGH FEVER WITH ERJIAN-POINT BLOOD-LETTING METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李赛玲; 朱军

    2001-01-01

    High fever is referred to that the body temperature exceeds 39℃. Due to aplasia of the cerebral nerve system during infantile stage, continuous high fever may induce temporary functional disturbance of the brain, manifesting as sudden and transient loss of consciousness and local or general muscular spasm that is termed as infantile convulsion. The authors find in clinical practice that sometimes, administration of antipyretics as compound aspirin (APC), compound aminopyrine, etc. has no effect on infantile high fever, if treated with Erjian (MA-H 6) bleeding method, the body temperature may be decreased by 0.5~1.0℃. Here is the report.

  17. 放血疗法治疗犬真性红细胞增多症%The Bloodletting Therapy Treats the Dog Real Red Blood Cell Increase

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖啸; 杨继生; 沈学文; 严达伟

    2008-01-01

    真性红细胞增多症(polycythemia vera,PV)是由于多能造血细胞干细胞克隆性异常,导致红细胞异常增殖为主的一种慢性骨髓性疾病,作者用放血疗法为主,辅助治疗为辅,对12例犬真性红细胞增多症进行治疗,结果治愈10例,治愈率为83%,2例由于治疗不及时而死亡,说明放血疗法对犬真性红细胞增多症治疗效果显著.

  18. One Hundred and Eighty-nine Cases of Acute Articular Soft Tissue Injury Treated by Blood-letting Puncture with Plum-blossom Needle and Cupping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dai Erqing; Li Haiying; Zhao Zhankao

    2005-01-01

    @@ Acute articular soft tissue injury, a frequently encountered disease, is often clinically treated with analgesics, Chinese drugs for relaxing muscles and tendons to promote blood circulation, physiotherapy and acupuncture. These therapies can achieve certain curative effects, however, there is a longer course of treatment and some cases even have sequela particularly in such weight-carrying joints as the ankle joint and the knee joint. The therapeutic method of blood letting puncture with plum-blossom needle and cupping is adopted to treat this disease with satisfactory therapeutic effect. The results are reported as follows.

  19. Observation of curative effect of blood-letting therapy in patients with primary hemochromatosis%原发性血色病患者放血疗法疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐朴; 周佑德; 李艳

    2008-01-01

    目的:观察用放血疗法治疗原发性血色病的治疗效果.方法:对确诊的11例原发性血色病患者进行放血治疗,并在放血治疗前后检测患者的丙氨酸氨基转移酶(ALT)、天门冬氨酸氨基转移酶(AST) 、血糖(BS)、血清铁(Fe)、血清铁蛋白(FER)水平,同时检测14例对照者的上述指标.结果:治疗前的ALT、AST和治疗前后的Fe、FER明显高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);治疗后的ALT、AST、Fe和FER明显低于治疗前水平,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论: 放血疗法可显著降低原发性血色病患者体内的含铁量,改善患者的肝功能.

  20. 蒙药结合放血疗法治疗风湿热的临床体会%The anasthetic union bloodletting therapy treats rheumatic fever's clinical expe rience In Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Mongolian medicine hospital(010020)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴雪梅; 特木其乐

    2009-01-01

    目的:观察蒙药结合放血疗法治疗风湿热的临床疗效.方法:对2003年6月至2007年6月的我科风湿热患者进行了筛选分类选择80例患者,辨证论治的方法,给予蒙药,同时配合放血疗法综合治疗,疗程1个月.结果:治疗后有效率90%.结论:蒙药结合疗术治疗风湿热有很好的疗效.

  1. 刺血治疗前后微循环变化33例对照观察%Control Observation on Changes of Microcirculation before and after Blood-Letting Puncture in 33 Cases of Abnormal Microcirculation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴峻; 沈晓柔

    2001-01-01

    方法:对33例微循环异常者采用刺血疗法治疗的同时进行微循环对照观察.结果:发现刺血疗法对微循环异常者具有非常显著的改善作用.结论:从改善血液微循环的角度揭示出传统刺血疗法的治病机理.

  2. THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF WARM NEEDLING PLUS BLOODLETTING AND CUPPING FOR PAIN IN KNEE JOINTS%温针灸配合刺络拔罐治疗膝关节痛疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋守江

    2007-01-01

    @@ Clinically, pain in knee joints is commonly encountered, and it is often intractable. The knee joint pain treated in the present study included the cases induced by rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, senile osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis, synovitis, meniscus injury, and medial and lateral paraligament injury.

  3. Clinical Reseach of Venesection and Bloodletting Combined with Acupuncture on Acute Peripheral Facial Paralysis,A Report of 65 Cases%刺络放血加针刺治疗急性面神经炎65例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓霞; 黄丽萍; 曹荣禄

    2010-01-01

    目的:观察翳风穴刺络放血加针刺治疗急性期周围性面瘫的临床疗效.方法:65例急性期周围性面瘫患者采用翳风穴剌络放血加针刺疗法.翳风穴刺络放血每日治疗一次,治疗5天后停用;针刺每日治疗一次,每次留针30 min,每周治疗5天,1月为1疗程.结果:总有效率为98.5%,痊愈率为66.2%.提示:翳风穴刺络放血加针刺治疗急性期周围性面瘫的临床疗效显著.

  4. CLINICAL APPLICATION OF “TWELVE WELL-POINTS” IN EMERGENCY TREATMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段功保

    2000-01-01

    In many years' clinical practice, I used blood-letting method of “Twelve Well-points” to treat emergencies as coma, syncope, acute infantile convulsion, wind-stroke syndrome, hysteria, epilepsy, etc. and have achieved immediate results.

  5. Affecting to tissue oxygen supply and Intake after preoperative aute bloodleting with sable blood volume%常温心脏手术前急性放血等容性血液稀释对组织供氧与摄氧的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟宏峰; 甄文俊; 马玉健; 谭洁; 黄文; 吴良洪

    2003-01-01

    目的探讨急性放血等容性血液稀释对组织供氧和摄氧的影响.方法心脏直视手术肝素化前直接从右心房内放血,同时经颈内静脉输入等量代血浆,以维持有效循环血容量.放血前、后及体外循环期间监测动脉血和混合静脉血气分析,根据结果判断放血后及体外循环中机体组织氧供需是否平衡 .结果本组放血量为200~800ml ,平均为528±152ml;输入代血浆量400~800ml,平均606±182ml.放血前:混合静脉血氧饱和度(SvO2)为0.74±0.07,混合静脉血氧分压(PvO2)为41.20±4.21mmHg,动静脉血氧差(Docta-v) 为(2.77±0.95)Vol%,动脉血氧含量(Octa)为(16.90±1.65)Vol%;放血后:SvO2为0.76±0.08,PvO2为42.40±7.60mmHg,Docta-v为(3.90±0.43)Vol%,Octa为(13.70±1.75)Vol%.放血后Octa降低(P≤0.01),Docta-v增大(P≤0.05),SvO2和PvO2无变化(P>0.05),体外循环中PvO2、SvO2及pH值均在正常范围内.结论肝素化前适量放血急性等容性血液稀释,在一定程度上影响组织的氧供给,但机体组织摄氧量增加,氧供需是平衡的.

  6. OUTLINE OF RESEARCHES ON RAKTAMOKSHANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sathish HS.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Raktamokshana in other words, Bloodletting is a kind of Para surgery directed for the treatment of specifically Raktaja roga (blood born diseases along with other many surgical diseases. Many research works are being carried out across the world on various disorders. The aim of this study was to know the trend and pattern of the academic research works carried out at different Ayurvedic institutions across India on the Bloodletting and to provide the guidelines for further research works in the area of Bloodletting. Title of the paper are procured from ‘Researches in Ayurveda’- A classified directory of PG and PhD research works carried out at various institutions throughout India, compiled by Prof. M. S. Baghel. In India, 143 research works have been carried out. Around 38 various disorders are studied adopting bloodletting as treatment modality. This paper is just an outline of various research works being carried out across India. The information gathered by the title of research work is presented here. Majority of research works were on Vicharchika (Eczema (30 works followed by Vrana (8 works. In 20 research works the title doesn’t figure out on which disease the work was performed. Among the modality tested, 75 research works were reported on Leech application, followed by 28 works on (Sira Vedhana venesection, similar number works were with no mention of the mode of bloodletting studied.

  7. Down but not out. Good planning can spell the difference between downsizing and layoffs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strenger, E W

    1997-05-01

    With good strategic planning and market analysis you can trim your organization without a massive employee bloodletting. The trick is to start the planning process before a financial crisis occurs. But it takes visionary leaders to get the efficiency ball rolling when you have a healthy bottom line.

  8. 絮刺火罐疗法联合隔姜灸治疗周围性面瘫后遗症1例%Blood-letting Puncture and Cupping Therapy Combined with Ginger Moxibustion Treating a Case of Peripheral Facial Paralysis Sequelae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闵志云; 程立红

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports the clinical efficacy of blood-letting puncture and cupping therapy combined with ginger moxibustion treating a case of peripheral facial paralysis sequelae, and briefly analyzes the mechanism of blood-letting puncture and cupping therapy combined with ginger moxi-bustion treating peripheral facial paralysis sequelae.%本文报道絮刺火罐疗法联合隔姜灸综合治疗1例周围性面瘫后遗症的临床疗效,浅析絮刺火罐疗法及隔姜灸对周围性面瘫后遗症的作用机制。

  9. Analysis of Characteristics of Depression Treated by Acupuncture in Ancient Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Li-gong; GU Jie; XIAO Yuan-chun

    2003-01-01

    Information of the acupuncture treatment ofdepression in 93 ancient books has been made statistics with computer Results showed that Heart Meridian, Pericardium Meridian, Bladder Meridian, Governor Vessel,Conception Vessel, Spleen Meridian and Stomach Meridian have been used frequently; as to areas, the medi al aspect of upper limbs, head and face, medial aspect of legs, upper back, chest and abdomen have been mostly selected; as to treatment methods, needling,moxibustion and blood-letting therapies have been utilized.

  10. [The study on the establishment of acupuncture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Woojin

    2011-12-31

    . The word zhen jiu, the acupuncture and moxibustion, means there was a way to reconcile two techniques. It was by assuming bu and handing xie over to acupuncture that moxa can coexist with acupuncture. bian is used for infection treatment more than bloodletting tool in ancient china. but there is a bridge between acupuncture with bian. Acupuncture inherited its appearance from bian. It is generally believed that blood-letting is commonly developed in the classic east and west medicine. But the blood-letting could be harmonious with the old chinese belief that vitality must be retained in the body? No. The blood-letting is not generally practiced in ancient china. We can scarcely find the evidence of blood-letting in the ancient literature now in hand except Huang Di Nei Jing. Blood-Letting widened its territory in ancient chinese medicine with the help of the medical version of wuweierwubuwei principle which means 'not do anything, then everything does'. But soon lost its territory. Even in the Huang Di Nei Jing, We can find its disappearance. What is the reason? For its disharmony with chinese life idea, 'not lose essence'. Acupuncture replaced the blood-letting. It was the response of the ancient chinese healers to the regimen spirit and harmonious with chinese life view. Regimen spirit, the medical version of 'wuweierwubuwei' does not pursue cure after being ill but defense before disease. Acupuncture, meeting the demands of time, appeared in pre-han period as the association with jingmai theory which may be developed in regimen field, inheritence of moxa's esperience, and the shape of bian.

  11. OBSERVATION OF THERAPEUTIC EFFECT ON POSTHERPETIC NEURALGIA TREATED WITH HE'S THREE PROMOTIONS OF ACU-MOXIBUSTION%贺氏针灸三通法治疗带状疱疹后遗神经痛的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董玉喜

    2008-01-01

    @@ He's Three Promotions of acu-moxibustion are invented by Prof. He Pu-ren, the eminent expert on acupuncture after his 50-year clinical experiences. Prof. He has summarized various techniques of acu-moxibustion as three promotions, there are mild promotion, in which, needling with filiform needle is predominated; warm promotion, in which, fire needling and moxibustion are predominated and strong promotion, in which, bloodletting with three-edged needle is predominated. The writer had applied He's Three Promotions to postherpetic neuralgia and had achieved significant therapeutic effects from September 2005 to August 2007. The following is the report.

  12. The Research Process of TCM Therapies for Acute Peripheral Facial Paralysis%周围性面瘫急性期中医治疗方法研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春红; 刘立安; 戚其华

    2015-01-01

    The author sort out the recent literatures about TCM therapies for acute peripheral facial paralysis, and reviewed the curative effect of as-pects such as blood-letting therapy, acupuncture and acupuncture combined with other therapies on acute peripheral facial paralysis.%笔者整理周围性面瘫急性期中医治疗方法的近期研究文献,从放血疗法、单纯针刺、针刺联合其他疗法等方面综述周围性面瘫急性期的治疗效果。

  13. Opportunities for Fluid Dynamics Research in the Forensic Discipline of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attinger, Daniel; Moore, Craig; Donaldson, Adam; Jafari, Arian; Stone, Howard

    2013-11-01

    This review [Forensic Science International, vol. 231, pp. 375-396, 2013] highlights research opportunities for fluid dynamics (FD) studies related to the forensic discipline of bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA). The need for better integrating FD and BPA is mentioned in a 2009 report by the US National Research Council, entitled ``Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward''. BPA aims for practical answers to specific questions of the kind: ``How did a bloodletting incident happen?'' FD, on the other hand, aims to quantitatively describe the transport of fluids and the related causes, with general equations. BPA typically solves the indirect problem of inspecting stains in a crime scene to infer the most probable bloodletting incident that produced these patterns. FD typically defines the initial and boundary conditions of a fluid system and from there describe how the system evolves in time and space, most often in a deterministic manner. We review four topics in BPA with strong connections to FD: the generation of drops, their flight, their impact and the formation of stains. Future research on these topics would deliver new quantitative tools and methods for BPA, and present new multiphase flow problems for FD.

  14. CASE STUDY OF LEECH APPLICATION IN DIABETIC FOOT ULCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amarprakash P. Dwivedi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In diabetes, slight injury to the glucose laden tissue may cause chronic infection and ulcer formation. About 15% of all diabetic patients develops foot ulcer in their life time. The etiological factors include increased sugar level, diabetic micro angiopathy and peripheral neuropathy.Mainstay of treatment includes antibiotics, debridement, and local wound care and footwear improvisation. In spite of all advances in health sciences, statistics reveals that about 3% patients yet have to undergo lower limb amputation.In Sushrut samhita, we get the most scientific description of wound and its management. Similarly, Sushrut has given the utmost importance to Bloodletting therapy and considered Leech as the most unique and effective method of bloodletting even in infected wounds and abscesses.Aforesaid description led us to try Leech therapy in Diabetic foot ulcer. Patient with Diabetic foot ulcer was advised to continue anti diabetic medicine along with weekly application of Leech around the ulcer which was followed by dressing with Nimb-Haridra oil.This Leech therapy proved very effective and the ulcer healed completely within 30 days.However, further evaluation is required to be done by taking a large sample size to prove its significance in treating Diabetic foot ulcer and avoiding lower limb amputation.

  15. 偏头痛发作期针刺镇痛方案优选研究%Optimized Schemes for Acupuncture Treatment of Migraine during Attack

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王京京; 吴中朝; 胡静; 焦玥; 郑嘉月; 王巧妹

    2013-01-01

    目的:对偏头痛发作期针刺镇痛方案进行优选,指导偏头痛针灸临床决策.方法:以76例发作期偏头痛患者为研究对象,采用正交试验设计,治疗方案根据L9(34)正交表对体穴组合(A)、毫针及电针疗法(B)、耳穴疗法(C)、放血疗法(D)4因素及其各自不同的3水平设计实施.试验过程中同时应用了随机(分层随机、中心随机)和盲法(评价者盲)的方法.采用视觉模拟评分法(VAS)测量头痛强度,根据治疗前及治疗后10 min、20 min、30 min、1h、2h、3h、4h、5h、6h、12h、24 h共计12个时点的VAS值变化情况,对不同针刺方案的镇痛效果进行分析.结果:针刺后24h内,4因素对缓解头痛强度的影响由大到小依次为:体穴组合(A)>毫针及电针疗法(B)>放血疗法(D)>耳穴疗法(C).由正交推导出来的不同时点最佳针刺镇痛方案中,少阳经局部加远端取穴进行毫针刺的疗效最稳定,可作为基础镇痛方案;耳穴电针有助于提高即刻镇痛效果;太阳紫脉加阿是穴放血可巩固镇痛效果.结论:偏头痛发作期最佳针刺镇痛方案为少阳经为主局部加远端取穴进行毫针刺,同时配合耳穴电针以及太阳紫脉和阿是穴放血.%Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of manual acupuncture,electroacupuncture (EA),auricular acupuncture and bloodletting therapies combined with orthogonal design for migraine patients,so as to select a better scheme for relieving headache.Methods A total of 76 migraine patients in the stage of attack were recruited in the present study and randomly (stratified random and central random) allocated to 9 groups by means of orthogonal experimental design [L9 (34),4 factors (F) and three levels (L)].i.e.,F1:body-acupoints combination; F1-L1:regional acupoints [Sizhukong (TE 23),Shuaigu (GB 8),Taiyang (EX-HN 5),etc.] near the focus,F1-L2:regional + distal acupoints [Hegu (LI 4),Taichong (LR 3),etc.] far from the focus,and F1-L3

  16. Establishment of a model of multiple trauma combined with uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock%多发伤合并未控制性失血性休克模型的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋守银; 巴立; 杨俭新; 赵小纲; 张茂; 干建新

    2013-01-01

    Objective To establish a model of multiple trauma combined with uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock so as to provide basis for basic study of multiple trauma.Methods Forty New Zealand male rabbits were equally and randomly divided into four groups,ie,sham group (Group A,with no bloodletting or resuscitation),uncontrolled group (Group B,with bloodletting alone),aggressive fluid resuscitation and limited fluid resuscitation groups (Groups C and D,with bloodletting,hemostasis and resuscitation).Fractures of the right hind limb in rabbits of each group were induced by free drop of a 3 kg hammer from a height of 45 cm.An estimated 30% of total blood was withdrawn from the right common carotid artery in 20 minutes in bloodletting groups (Groups B,C and D).Successively,the uncontrolled bleeding was caused via acupuncture bloodletting from ileocecal artery branch at 30 minutes in bloodletting groups.Progressive and limited fluid resuscitation using lactated Ringer' s solution (LR) were performed for Groups C and D in the next one hour respectively.Blood transfusion was performed in Groups C and D after ligation of bleeding artery branch at 90 minutes.In addition,LR of three folds more than blood loss was administered in Group D.Survivorship of rabbits in each group was observed at 150 minutes to seven hours.Arterial blood sample was taken at each time point for blood gas analysis and coagulation test.Fracture type,fluid requirements,intra-abdominal blood loss,and rabbits' survival rate at seven hours were recorded.Results Closed comminuted tibiofibular fractures were founded in all groups.Bloodletting groups showed an obvious reduction of MAP,heart rate and pH value and significantly increased levels of K+,blood glucose and lactic acid at 30 minutes (P <0.01),whereas MAP and heart rate were returned to baseline level at 150 minutes.Progressive fluid resuscitation significantly increased the intra-abdominal blood loss and fluid requirements (P<0.01),decreased erythrocrit

  17. 皮部放血结合穴位注射治疗软组织损伤及骨关节病所致疼痛152例%Skin Blooding-letting Combined with Point Injection for 152 Cases of Pain Induced by Soft Tissue Injury and Osteoarthrosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉; 韩力辉; 王淑珍

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察皮部放血结合穴位注射治疗因软组织损伤及骨关节病所致疼痛的临床疗效.方法:将296例患者随机分为治疗组152例、对照组144例.治疗组采用皮肤针刺络放血结合穴位注射疗法;对照组口服腰痛宁胶囊,3粒/次,3次/d,同时给予特定电磁波照射,30分钟/次,1次/d.结果:总有效率治疗组为96.71%,对照组为89.58%,2组相比差异显著(P<0.05).2组治疗后疼痛评分均明显改善,治疗组改善较对照组明显(P<0.05).结论:用皮部放血结合穴位注射治疗因软组织损伤及骨关节病所致疼痛临床疗效显著.%Objective: To investigate therapeutic effects of skin blood-letting and point injection for the pain that was induced by soft tissue injury and osteoarthriosis. Method: All 296 patients were randomly separated into 152 cases of the observation group and 144 cases of the control group. The patients in the observation group received blood-letting puncture with dermal needle; the control group took YaoTongNing capsule, three pills each time, three times per day, in addition, given with specific electromagnetic wave radiation, thirty minutes each time, once each day. Result: Total effective rate of the treatment group was 96.71%, higher than 89.58% of the control group with significant difference (P<0.05). VAS was improved notably after treating in both groups, the improvement of the treatment group was greater (P<0.05). Conclusion: Skin blood-letting and point injection are effective for the pain that was induced by soft tissue injury and osteoarthrosis.

  18. 王寅教授刺络拔罐法调理中焦治疗失眠临床研究%Professor Wangyin whith bleeding and cupping methed for regulate Sanjiao to insomnia Clini-cal research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴恩洁; 王寅

    2015-01-01

    目的:对刺络拔罐法调理中焦治疗不寐进行临床观察、疗效进行评定,明确本法治疗失眠的优越性。方法跟随王寅教授出诊,收集失眠患者37例,应用刺络拔罐法调理中焦。结果通过对患者治疗前后的临床症状指标计分、中医证候学指标计分及匹兹堡睡眠质量指数积分进行比较发现,治疗后的各项积分均下降明显,存在显著(P <0.01)甚至极显著变化(P <0.01),表明刺络拔罐法调理中焦对于改善失眠患者临床相关症状有显著作用。结论应用刺络拔罐法调理中焦治疗失眠有明显的临床疗效,具有增加睡眠时间、提高睡眠质量、缓解睡眠障碍、改善生活质量的作用;对失眠引起的较严重影响患者生活质量的并发症如耳鸣、便秘、腹泻具有良好疗效。%Objective To make a series of clinical observation and efficacy assessment on regulating the Sanjiao(the spleen and stomach)treatment of insomnia by blood-letting puncture and cupping,definite the superiority of this treatment of in-somnia.Methods Following Professor Wang Yin,we collected cases in line with the “Chinese Medicine Clinical Research Guidelines” insomnia diagnostic criteria.Using regulating the Sanjiao treatment of insomnia by blood-letting puncture and cup-ping,we completed a total of 37 cases.Results The clinical symptom index score,the TCM syndrome index score and Pitts-burgh Sleep Quality index score were compared before and after the treatment,we made a discovery that all the scores were sig-nificantly decreased after the treatment.There were significant(P <0.01)and even pole significant changes(P <0.01),explained blood-letting puncture and cupping for improving the clinical symptoms associated with insomnia patients have significant effect. Conclusion Blood-letting puncture and cupping treatment of insomnia have significant clinical efficacy with increasing sleep time,improving sleep quality

  19. [Harvey and his theory of circulation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolters, Frank J

    2013-01-01

    In 1628 the English physician William Harvey (1578-1657) published his revolutionary theory that blood circulates through the body driven by the heart. This challenged the long-standing teachings of Hippocrates and Galen concerning 4 different bodily fluids or 'humours' that flowed through separate arterial and venous vascular systems. Harvey gained considerable influence in society as a member of the prestigious Royal College of Physicians in London and as personal physician to King James I and King Charles I. He strove for a more empirical foundation of medicine by means of anatomic demonstrations and vivisections. Despite enduring considerable criticism he managed to disseminate his ideas around the influential universities of Europe in the course of his lifetime. However, consequent changes in practice would not be brought about until decades after Harvey's death, when Galenist treatments such as blood-letting were gradually abandoned.

  20. Factoring tradotronic media communication for human security management and social stability in Nigerian communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Kelechi Johnmary

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The level of killing and bloodletting in Nigeria is increasing every second, minute, hour, day, month and year. Man, animals, properties etc are increasingly under threat in contemporary Nigerian society. The causes of the massive insecurity of lives and properties remain multi-dimensional. This paper is centered on the need to factor tradotronic media for human security management in Nigeria. It reveals that the dimensions of human insecurity in Nigeria, include but not limited to assassination-based human insecurity, robbery/kidnapping related human insecurity, political-related human insecurity, ethnic-based human insecurity, inter-communal conflict-related human insecurity, religious-motivated human insecurity and multi-dimensional conflict related human insecurity. The paper calles on all lovers of life and human dignity to rise up and defend the survival and existence of every breathing soul around him or her in this sovereign entity, called Nigeria.

  1. Bleeding babies in Badakhshan. Symbolism, materialism, and the political economy of traditional medicine in post-Soviet Tajikistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keshavjee, Salmaan

    2006-03-01

    The bleeding of infants via the skin (pile) and the roof of the mouth (qüm) is practiced in Badakhshan, the easternmost province of Tajikistan. Like folk practices elsewhere, pilé and qüm exist at the interstices of modern society and reflect a complex religious, historical, and social response to poverty, marginality, and the global processes associated with the collapse of the Soviet Union. In this article, I attempt to move beyond an ethnomedical analysis by examining these bloodletting practices in the context of their contemporary meaning, as a moral response to suffering and to the social changes that have taken place in the post-Soviet period.

  2. [Study and prospects for clinical diseases treated with scraping therapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying-ying; Yang, Jin-sheng

    2009-02-01

    In order to explore characteristics of clinical diseases treated by scraping therapy, summarize laws of clinical application of scraping therapy, and prospect for research direction of scraping therapy in future, collect 437 articles about scraping therapy between 1994-2007 and analyze and summarize the treated diseases and methods of scraping therapy. Results indicate that scraping therapy has been widely applied to commonly encountered diseases and frequently encountered diseases in departments of internal medicine, surgery, gynecology and pediatrics, etc. with more obvious therapeutic effects. Clinically, it can combine with acupuncture and moxibustion, cupping, massage, blood-letting puncture and other methods. In future, the studies on standardization of manipulation and standards for assessment of therapeutic effect, suitable diseases and the mechanisms of scraping therapy, and development of tools and media, etc. of scraping therapy should be strengthened.

  3. 针刺放血疗法治疗疟疾140例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弘; 任琳

    2003-01-01

    Objective: In Zambia, malaria is very common and the symptoms are very different. The treatment of malaria is very difficult because of the drug resistance to one drug after another. Many patients could not be cured by drug. The author treated malaria 140 cases by bloodletting therapy and obtained successful effect. Methods: The disposable needles were used to prick Erjian point and 8 to 10 drops blood were squeezed out. Then Dazhui point was pricked twice or three times, cupping on the point about 10 minutes and 10 to 20 drops blood were drown out. After that, according to different symptoms of malaria, different points were elected and different therapy was applied in addition. Results: Of the 140 cases, 77 were recovery (55.00%), 51 improved (36.43%), and 12 ineffective (8.57%). The total effective rate was 91.43%. Conclusion: Results show acupuncture is an effective method for treatment of malaria in Zambia.

  4. French influence on the development of medicine in Louisiana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, J

    1990-01-01

    The paper presents a brief survey of the state of medicine in the 18th century with an emphasis upon developments in France. In the early nineteenth century the emergence of the Paris Clinical School made France pre-eminent in medicine. Its leaders emphasized localism, correlated symptoms with postmortem reports, and introduced clinical statistics. They also introduced the stethoscope and the techniques of auscultation and palpation and were the first to recognize that excessive bloodletting, purging and other depletory measures were harmful. The French population in Louisiana continued to look to France for educational and intellectual leadership well into the nineteenth century, and the findings of the Paris Clinical School had an immediate impact upon Louisiana medicine, leading to a clash between the French-speaking physicians who emphasized moderation and good nursing and the English-speaking practitioners who believed in drastic intervention.

  5. Equine recurrent uveitis: the European viewpoint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiess, B M

    2010-03-01

    Equine recurrent uveitis (ERU) has always been and still is an important disease with a significant impact on the horse industry in Europe, with a prevalence of 8-10%. The need to understand and manage the disease has spurred the development of veterinary ophthalmology in general, although the aetiology of the disease remains the subject of intense discussion. It is most probably an autoimmune disease triggered, at least in Europe, in the majority of cases by Leptospira spp. The therapy of ERU has evolved over the centuries from various methods of bloodletting to rational medical therapy using mydriatics and steroidal and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, to surgical therapies, such as vitrectomy or implantation of cyclosporin-releasing devices. In Europe, pars plana vitrectomy in horses testing positive for Leptospira spp. appears to be the most successful form of therapy at the present time.

  6. The cruelty and failings of therapies for neurological diseases in French literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walusinski, Olivier

    2013-01-01

    In this chapter, excerpts from famous or little-known works of French literature are used to illustrate how eighteenth- and nineteenth-century physicians tried to treat neuropsychiatric illnesses. Although the causes were unknown to them, they did not hesitate to inflict suffering on their patients, who were often in an appalling condition to begin with. Novelists such as Gustave Flaubert, Alphonse Daudet, the Goncourt brothers, Georges Siménon, and Céline applied their writing talents to describing the use of leeches, bloodletting, vibratory treatments, suspension of the body, multiple painful injections, and brutal electrotherapy. These writers reveal how physicians used their imaginations not only boundlessly but also without pity, to treat their patients. Each literary work is presented with the medical justifications of the time, for example, the explanations of Cruveilhier, Charcot, Brown-Sequard, Sollier, Vincent, and Roussy.

  7. 蒙医治疗偏头痛的临床疗效观察%The clinical effect of Mongolian medicine treatment migraine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩图雅; 白龙; 郭玉鸽

    2013-01-01

      目的:观察并探讨蒙医放血疗法结合药物治疗偏头痛的临床疗效。方法:113例偏头痛的患者随机分为两组,即对照组(西药治疗组)和治疗组(蒙医治疗组),对照组56例,治疗组57例,两组进行同步治疗,治疗结束后,对两组总疗效进行对比分析。结果:治疗最多3个疗程后,治疗组治愈率为85.96%;对照组治愈率为44.64%(P<0.05)。结论:运用蒙医放血疗法结合药物治疗偏头痛临床疗效显著。%Objective:To observe and to explore the clinical curative effect of Mongolian medicine bloodletting therapy combined with drug treatment of migraine. Methods:113 patients with migraine were randomly divided into two groups, namely the control group (western medicine treatment group) and treatment group(Mongolian medicine treatment group) and control group in 56 patients, 57 cases in treatment group, two groups of synchronization treatment, after treatment, the two groups of total curative effect were analyzed. Results:after treatment of up to 3 period of treatment, treatment group cure rate was 85.96%; Control group cure rate was 44.64%(P<0.05).Conclusion:use of Mongolian medicine bloodletting therapy combined with migraine drug treatment clinical curative effect is remarkable.

  8. 针灸治疗寻常性痤疮临床观察%Clinical Therapeutic Effect of Acupuncture Treatment for Acne Vulgaris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙亦农; 陈丽姝

    2013-01-01

    目的:采用近部选穴与远部选穴配合,针刺与放血结合的方法,观察针灸治疗寻常性痤疮的临床疗效.方法:采用痤疮综合分级系统量表(GAGS),对比观察针灸治疗前后及不同疗程对寻常性痤疮各类皮损的疗效影响.结果:寻常性痤疮患者通过8周针刺治疗后,绝大部分患者在痤疮各类皮损方面都有所好转,并且有显著的统计学意义(P<0.001).结论:近部选穴与远部选穴配合,针刺与放血结合的方法对寻常性痤疮的疗效是十分确切的,而且随治疗周期的增加而增加.%Objective:This study was to observe the clinical effect of acupuncture treatment combined with blood-letting at local points plus distant points on acne vulgaris.Methods:The Global Acne Gading System (GAGS) scale was used to contrast and the effect on various types of skin lesions caused by acne vulgaris was observed before and after treatments and the changes of these skin lesions in different treatment cycles were also observed.Results:After eight weeks treatment,the vast majority of patients in all types of acne lesions had been improved,and there was a significant statistical difference (P < 0.001).Conclusion:Filiform needle acupuncture combined with blood-letting can be the valid treatment for acne vulgaris,and the efficacy is associated with treatment cycles.

  9. La sangría en el Liber de Arte Medendi (1564 de Cristóbal de Vega (1511-1537

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández, Justo

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the interesting and significant chapter on the bloodletting, included in the medical treatise entitled the Liber de arte medendi (1564 of Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573, has been studied. His doctrine, mainly with regard to the morbus lateralis, supports the proper one from the most of the sixteenth century authors belonging to the medical humanism: a copious bloodletting in the elbow`s flexure of the homolateral arm. In addition to the Vesalius’ anatomical contributions on the venous tree recorded in that chapter, Vega has a debate on certain controversial aspects with the contemporary doctors Argenterio and Fuchs. In spite of his fidelity to the galenism, Vega shows some practical disagreements concerning its use in children, pregnant women and its achievement up to fainting.

    En este artículo se ha estudiado el interesante y significativo capítulo sobre la sangría, incluido en el tratado de medicina titulado Liber de arte medendi (1564 de Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573. Su doctrina, sobre todo en lo que atañe al morbus lateralis, sigue la de la mayoría de los autores del quinientos pertenecientes al humanismo médico: sangría abundante en la flexura del codo del brazo homolateral. Además de recoger las aportaciones anatómicas de Vesalio sobre el árbol venoso, Vega polemiza sobre ciertos aspectos controvertidos con los médicos coetáneos Argenterio y Fuchs. A pesar de su fidelidad al galenismo, Vega muestra algunas discrepancias prácticas relativas a su uso en niños y embarazadas y a su aplicación hasta el desvanecimiento.

  10. A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON HYPOTHALAMIC MECHANISMS OF ANALGESIA INDUCED BY FOUR KINDS OF ACUPUNCTURE THERAPIES IN ADJUVANT ARTHRITIS RATS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Yi; LIANG Fan-rong; TAO Qiao-lin

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To compare the mechanisms of analgesia induced by four kinds of acupuncture therapies at the hypothalamic level in adjuvant arthritic rats. Methods: Forty-eight SD rats were randomized into normal, model, electroacupuncture (EA), filiform needle (FN), pricking blood-letting (BL) and point injection (PI) groups, with 8 cases in each. EA (20-100 Hz, 2-4 V and duration of 20 min), FN, BL PI were respectively applied to "Kunlun" (昆仑BL 60). Arthritis model was established by injecting complete Freund's adjuvant (0.1 mL) into the rat's right foot pad. Behavioral reactions, pain threshold (latency of tail flick to heat stimulation) and local swelling severity (foot volume) were detected; the contents of β-endorphin (β-EP) and adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) were assayed with radioimmunoassay; and the expression of pro-opi-omelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in hypothalamus were determined with hybridization method. Results: The pain threshold was significantly enhanced by all the four kinds of acupuncture therapies, and the effects of EA and PI were more obvious (P0.05). The content of β-EP in the hypothalamus was obviously elevated by EA and FN (P0.05). The content of ACTH in hypothalamus was considerably elevated by PI (P<0.05), but not by the other three therapies. The expression of POMCmRNA in hypothalamus was significantly strengthened by EA and FN (P<0.01), but not by the other two therapies. Conclusion: EA, filiform needle, blood-letting and point-injection all can produce analgesic effect in adjuvant arthritis rats, the effect of EA and filiform needle may be related to their resultant increase of hypothalamic β-EP, and that of point-injection related to the increase of hypothalamic ACTH level.

  11. Glutamate Metabolism in Brain Structures in Experimental Hemorrhagic Shock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. N. Jakovlev

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To study glutamate metabolism characteristics in phylogenetically different parts of the mammalian brain in experimentally induced hemorrhagic shock (HS in cats.Material and methods. Experiments were performed on 76 cats. HS was induced by intermittent bloodletting from femoral artery at a rate of 10ml/kg•10 minutes, with the average volume of 24±0.8 ml/kg. The bloodletting was discontinued after arterial pressure (BP drop to 60.0±1.5 mmHg. We studied ammonia, glutamate (Gt, and α-ketoglutarate (α-KG levels and glutaminase (GS and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDG activity in specimens harvested from phylogenetically different parts of the brain (cortex, limbic system, diencephalon, and medulla oblongata.Results. In intact animals, the peak GDG activity was found in the medulla oblongata (phylogenetically the oldest part of the brain and the peak GS activity was registered in the sensorimotor cortex (phylogenetically the youngest part of the brain; the glutaminase activity did not depend on the phylogenetic age of brain structures.In the case of HS, Gt metabolism changes began in the sensorimotor cortex manifested by decreased GS activity, which progresses by the 70th minute of the post%hemorrhagic period (PHP accompanied by delayed increase in the GDG and glutaminase activity, as well as Gt accumulation. In the limbic system and diencephalon the Gt metabolism was changing (impaired glutamine synthesis, stimuled Gt synthesis with glutamine desamidization and α%KG amination when developed by the 70th minute of the PHP. Similarly to sensorimotor cortex, changes were associated with Gt accumulation. During the agony, α%KG deficiency developed in all parts of the brain as a result of its increased contribution to Gt synthesis. At the same period of time, in the sensorimotor cortex, limbic system and diencephalon the Gt synthesis from glutamine was stimulated, however, the Gt contribution tothe formation of glutamine was decreased. The

  12. Hvězdářství krále Jana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Černá, Alena M.; Hadrava, Petr; Hadravová, Alena; Stluka, Martin

    The critical edition of the collection "King John's Astronomy" is based on the Old Czech manuscript written at the beginning of the 15th century which is preserved at the Library of the National Museum in Prague (ms. II F 14). The collection consists of several separate parts - first of all it contains astronomical and astrological treatises refering to Ptolemy's works. Explanations on the impact of the seven planets and twelve zodiacal signs on the fate of man, who was born under their influence, prevail in the texts. The texts which are connected with Hippocrates and Galenos' doctrines about humoral physiology and humoral pathology are another subject. They are supplemented by a treatise on blood-letting and by pharmaceutical instructions on different weight units. Another treatise deals with God, God's acts and with human fate. The manuscript also contains calendar tools for the calculation of Easter and other feasts during the year. The origin of this Old Czech text coincides with the period of the development of national languages as languages of science. Vocabulary contained in the manuscript is rich. It yields evidence about the formation of terminological systems in various fields involved in the collection. The Old Czech language of this literary monument exhibits unexpectedly archaic features. The present edition is a result of interdisciplinary collaboration of researchers from the fields of diachronic Bohemistics, classical philology, and astronomy. The publication is completed with the critical apparatus, indices, vocabulary, by a list of the chosen literature and other related supplements.

  13. The war poems of Mongane Serote: The Night Keeps Winking and A Tough Tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. M. Hlabane

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available For many South Africans who saw themselves as victims of a racist society, the twentieth century was a period of one hundred years of political turmoil and segregation. Representations of racism and the kinds of subjects it created were provided by various writers during specific historical periods. I consider the 1980s as a period in which the political conflict between the repressive white state and those who wanted change was largely undertaken through violence. This article therefore looks at the depiction of violence in Mongane Serote’s poems of the 1980s - The Night Keeps Winking (1982 and A Tough Tale (1987. As its title suggests, the article analyses these poems as “war poems”. It focuses on the political themes Serote develops in the poems. The Night Keeps Winking (1982 and A Tough Tale (1987 offer horrifying images of war and the senseless bloodletting characteristic of South African life in the 1980s. These poems, as the article will show, reveal how people's lives were damaged by the apartheid state to the extent that many people resorted to violence as a method of liberation.

  14. Comparative study on traumatic effect and L-selectin change made by two blooddrawing modes in rat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jingye Pan; Dakai Chen; Zhijian Shen; Lei Chen; Weixing Zhu

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To compare carotid catheters blooddrawing and tail-cut blooddrawing in traumatizing rats and changing their internal L-selectin. Methods: Two ways of bloodletting were selected to produce hemorrhagic shock models. Monoclonal antibody sign and flow cytometer were used to test neutrophil L-selectin dynamic expression in rats. Results: No remarkable differences were shown among different time points in neutrophil L-selectin expressing amount (average fluorescence index)( P > 0.05). Compared with the normal control group, all cell surface expressions in empirical control group increased. Cell surface expressions reached the summit at 3 hours and kept the high level at 4-5 hours. A progressive increase of the mRNA expression peaked at 5 hours; the expressions in both groups of carotid catheters blooddrawing increased compared with normal control group, and remained stable after 3 hours compared with the Tail-cut Blooddrawing Group. Conclusion: L-selectin expressions changed little in tail-cut blooddrawing rats, while carotid catheters resulted moderate or sever trauma. Therefore, it was suggested that it should not be set as hemorrhagic shock control model. As neutrophil L-selection expressions increased after trauma, the adhesion of leucocytes to the venule wall may be beneficial to the healing of wound and enhance the ability of anti-infection. The immediate increasing of neutrophil surface L-selectin expressions in this study was likely due to the direct release of Lselectin from cytoplasm granules that do not depend on protein synthesis.

  15. Utilizing QFD model to determine quality characteristics of the products and priority needs of customers in the medical industry products (Case Study: Plasma seat product in mashhad`s Sahateb medical equipment company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeinab Armoun

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Quality Function Deployment (QFD as one of the quality engineering methods; originates from market study and product or service customers identification, where by determining their needs; tries to involve them in all stages of product or service development. This study uses QFD method to apply customers’ criteria in production of Coach Plasma in Mashhad`s Sahateb Company. Coach Plasma is used for healthy bloodletting. The proposed study of this paper designed and distributed a questionnaire, which includes identification & determination of customers’ needs and investigation of their satisfaction of manufactured products, while looking for technical and engineering characteristics related to their needs. The Coach Plasma costumers are categorized into two groups of local and external customers. Data collection was done based on available documents, experts opinions, structured interview with managers and questionnaire. Customers’ needs were studied in QFD teams. Collecting essential information such as needs importance degree and competitive benchmarking of customer`s needs, the weight of each need has been evaluated. In this research, House of Quality was used from first matrix of QFD leading to estimation of engineering & technical characteristics in order to enter to the quality deployment matrix. Take a look at obtained results, we could mention the role of each of these external factors in satisfaction of Sahateb Company customers and technical characteristics of the company in providing these factors and the prioritization of the customer's needs.

  16. Opium as a Literary Stimulant: The Case of Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vickers, Neil

    2015-01-01

    In our era, the idea of a stimulant is synonymous with its biochemical properties. A stimulant, we think, is a substance that enhances the activity of the central and peripheral nervous systems. But in the eighteenth century, a new family of theories about the workings of stimulants took shape, based on exciting but erroneous assumptions. Proponents of these theories thought that many more diseases were "nervous" in origin than had previously been supposed. They hoped that the workings of the "nervous power" could be aided by the judicious use of stimulants and narcotics. Practitioners working within this broad "neuropathological" paradigm equated the workings of stimulation with those of gravity. Stimulation, they believed, was a kind of master principle in nature. Some hoped it would help refound medicine on Newtonian, mathematical lines. For patients, the most visible legacy of the neuropathological revolution was the abandonment of bloodletting or "cupping" and the increasingly widespread use of opium and alcohol in medical treatments. In this chapter, I explore the career of one of the most famous writers of the Romantic era, Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) who had the misfortune to live through this therapeutic revolution. I describe the circumstances under which he came to take opiates and the development of his opinions about their effect on him.

  17. Effect of Angelica Sinensis Polysaccharide-lron Complex on Iron Deficiency Anemia in Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effects of Angelica sinensis polysaccharide iron complex(APIC)on rats with iron deficiency anemia(IDA).Methods:The IDA rat model was established by adopting low-iron forage with a small amount of regular bloodletting.The rats were randomly divided into a model group,three AIPC groups(high,middle,and low dosage),an Angelica sinensis polysaccharide(ASP)group,a mixture group(ASP+FeCl3)and a positive control group (Niferex).Changes in hemoglobin(Hb),red blood cell count(RBC),hematocrit(HCT)and iron content of whole blood were observed.Results:There was a significant difference before and after administration in all treated groups and all indices were restored to near-normal levels in the APIC groups and the positive control group.There was a significant difference among the changes of the indices in all the APIC groups and those of the model group but not between those of the APIC groups and the positive control group.However,the recovery of the indices in the APIC groups was superior to that in the positive control group.Conclusion:APIC not only has a superior therapeutic effect on IDA,but also has the effect of the ASP on supplementing blood and activating blood circulation.Hence,it may be used as a new iron-supplementing agent with a double therapeutic efficacy on blood supplementation for the treatment of IDA.

  18. Treatment of the Man: Galen's Preventive Medicine in the De Sanitate Tuenda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, John M

    2016-01-01

    Ideally in Galen's model of preventive medicine, the patient does not become a patient at all but remains a healthy person able to maintain his or her health without need of either medicines or other therapies. This chapter is divided into four sections, Galen's ideal patient; less than ideal patients; patients in old age; and patients whose nature is inclined to a bad mixture of humours, and so in need of medication. In all four categories, even those where medical recommendations such as blood-letting are recommended, Galen offers an option based on hygieine, or the art of maintaining good health. Galen's aim in de sanitate tuenda is to ensure that a well-educated person can lead a healthy life by learning what does harm and what benefits him or her. The chapter explores the extent to which the patient can really be independent of the doctor, and the interesting balance between nature and urban life which constitutes good health in Galenic thought.

  19. 近5年针灸治疗周围性面瘫的研究概况%Acupuncture Treatment for Peripheral Facial Paralysis in Recent Five Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙静远; 张永臣

    2014-01-01

    This article aims to reflect the research during the past five years about acupuncture treatment for peripheral facial paralysis .Acupuncture , moxibustion , bloodletting , point injection and integrated therapy were reviewed respectively .Acupuncture and moxibustion has a unique advantage and a good effect in the treatment of peripheral facial paralysis ,but there are also some problems to be solved urgently ,and the therapy needs further exploration in order to better guide clinical treatment .%本研究旨在体现近5年来针灸治疗周围性面瘫的研究进展,分别从针刺、艾灸、放血、穴位注射以及综合疗法等方面进行综述。认为针灸对于周围性面瘫的治疗有独特的优势以及良好的效果,同时也存在一些亟待解决的问题,需要进一步探索,以更好的指导临床治疗。

  20. 舌三针合金津玉液治疗脑卒中后吞咽障碍临床观察%Clinical observation on treating post-stroke dysphagia by tongue Three-needle and Jinjin Yuye point

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘麒麟; 邱厚道

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe curative effects of tongue Three-needle and Jinjin Yuye point on treating post-stroke dysphagia. Methods:64 patients with post-stroke dysphagia were randomly divided into control group of 31cases and experimental group of 33cases. All the patients received regular medication, and experimental group receiving acupuncture with tongue Three-needle and prick bloodletting with Jinjinyuye point in addition. Result:Compared with control group,experimental group was better in cured rate and total efficacy rate. Conclusion:Tongue Three-needle and Jinjin Yuye point has good curative effect on treating post-stroke dysphagia.%目的:观察舌三针合金津玉液治疗脑卒中后吞咽障碍的临床疗效。方法:将64例患者随机分为治疗组33例,对照组31例,两组均予常规药物治疗,治疗组加用针刺舌三针及点刺金津玉液放血。结果:治疗组的治愈率及总有效率优于对照组。结论:舌三针合金津玉液对于治疗脑卒中后吞咽障碍有良好的疗效。

  1. 古代针灸方法防治人间狂犬病的经验%Experiences in prevention and treatment of human rabies with acupuncture and moxibustion in ancient time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李道丕; 陈嘉志

    2011-01-01

    By consulting the literatures relevant with the prevention and treatment of human rabies from Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, it was discovered that rabies was caused by wind toxin in mad dog injuring human being.The pathogenesis of rabies was the invasion of dog toxin into the heart.The latent period was ranged from 7 to 100 days.Acupuncture-moxibustion, bloodletting, cupping and other therapies could be used in treatment.But of those different therapies, the various moxibustion methods achieved unique efficacy on the disease.%查阅从唐代至清代的针灸防治人间狂犬病有关文献,发现本病病因是狂犬所带风毒致伤人类,病机主要是犬毒入心,潜伏期集中在7~100天,针灸治疗方法有针灸、放血拔罐等,而其中各种灸法尤其具有独特的疗效.

  2. Calculating point of origin of blood spatter using laser scanning technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakim, Nashad; Liscio, Eugene

    2015-03-01

    The point of origin of an impact pattern is important in establishing the chain of events in a bloodletting incident. In this study, the accuracy and reproducibility of the point of origin estimation using the FARO Scene software with the FARO Focus(3D) laser scanner was determined. Five impact patterns were created for each of three combinations of distances from the floor (z) and the front wall (x). Fifteen spatters were created using a custom impact rig, scanned using the laser scanner, photographed using a DSLR camera, and processed using the Scene software. Overall results gave a SD = 3.49 cm (p < 0.0001) in the x-direction, SD = 1.14 cm (p = 0.9291) in the y-direction, and SD = 9.08 cm (p < 0.0115) in the z-direction. The technique performs within literature ranges of accepted accuracy and reproducibility and is comparable to results reported for other virtual stringing software.

  3. Erythrocytapheresis. A method for rapid extracorporeal elimination of erythrocytes. Results in 65 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoller, W G; Kellner, H; Spengel, F A

    1988-05-01

    We report on the progress of a new modified method of phlebotomy, erythrocytapheresis, as a means of fast therapeutic removal of erythrocytes from the circulation. We performed erythrocytapheresis in 65 patients. In 18 patients with central venous thrombosis of the eye, the beneficial effect of this procedure proved superior to the traditional approach. In 29 patients with primary or secondary polycythemia, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and blood viscosity could be lowered drastically for up to 11 months by a single erythrocytapheresis. We performed erythrocytapheresis in an effort to deplete the iron stores in patients with hemochromatosis (14 cases) and in patients with porphyria cutanea tarda (4 cases). Several consecutive erythrocytaphereses were necessary, however, to even slightly lower the amounts of stored iron as measured by serum iron, iron-binding capacity, and serum ferritin in these patients. The intervals between treatment were 2 to 11 months, thus much longer than the intervals between blood-lettings. We did not observe any adverse side effects. There was no significant influence on the clotting system, and no reactive thrombocytosis as described after phlebotomies.

  4. [Health and death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zegers, R H C

    2002-12-21

    Not much is known about the medical history and cause of death of the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791). Contrary to popular opinion, Mozart was not an exceptionally ill child and as an adult he generally enjoyed good health. At the age of 9 years he experienced a life-threatening illness, which was probably typhoid fever. On the left-hand side he had what has since become known as 'Mozart's ear', a pinna with under-development of the anthelical fold. His psychological condition gives rise to the notion that he was not exceptional, but that he responded to the events in his life in a normal manner. His terminal illness was characterised by edema of hands and feet, without any associated dyspnoea being described. The medical treatment was aggressive: enema, bloodletting on several occasions and treatment with a laxative substance. He was burried in an anonymous grave. The skull that was later ascribed to him was not his own, as no element of the denture fits with the tooth abscess he was known to have experienced. An overdose of mercury during the treatment of syphilis seems to be unlikely, as equally Henoch-Schönlein-purpura and the consequences of acute rheumatism. Trichinosis is a recent hypothesis which fits the terminal symptoms and the fact that Mozart was fond of pork. The diagnosis of his physician Closset was 'hitsiges Frieselfieber', which was possibly caused by one of the many infectious diseases prevalent at that time.

  5. Syringing method as an alternative to Śṛṇga therapy in Vātakaṇṭaka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suma Joshi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Calcaneus forms the bone of the foot. Due to abnormal pressures, foot muscles and ligaments are stretched beyond their normal limits that lead to chronic plantar heel pain, among which calcaneal spur tops the list. In Ayurveda, it can be correlated to "Vātakaṇṭaka" (pricking sensation in the foot-a painful condition of heel caused by its improper placement on the ground. To assess the effect of syringing method (modified Śṛṅga in the treatment of Vātakaṇṭaka. A 10 ml syringe was for ease, hygiene, and to enable the case to be managed in the outpatient department. A diagnosed case of calcaneal spurs with pain, tenderness, and swelling visited KLE University′s Shri BMK Ayurveda Hospital and Research Centre, Belgaum, Karnataka, India. After Snigdha Patrapoṭṭali sveda (a form of sudation therapy, bloodletting was performed by syringing method. In total procedure was performed for 4 times on the patient. Marked subjective relief was observed. Pain from 8 visual analog scale (VAS came to 2 visual analog scale (VAS and tenderness and swelling relived completely.

  6. [Changes of physiological and biochemical characteristics of rat erythrocytes after blood loss].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslova, M N; Kazennov, A M; Katiukhin, L N; Novozhilov, A V; Skverchinskaia, E A; Tavrovskaia, T V

    2007-01-01

    In experiments of Wistar male rats, changes are studied of erythrocyte hematological, biochemical (activitities of transport ATPases), and rheological properties (capability for aggregation and deformability) 7 days after bloodletting of 12-15 % of the total blood mass. It has been shown that alongside with an elevation of erythrocyte volume and of the number of immature cells - reticulocytes, there was a statistically significant increase of Na,K-ATPase and Ca-ATPase activities in the whole erythrocytes and their membrane preparations - ghosts, the increment of activity in the case of Na,K-ATPase being essentially higher in the whole cells. This indicates the appearance of an enzyme activator inside the erythrocytes. There are also revealed a decrease of firmness of erythrocyte aggregates, a deceleration of spontaneous aggregation, and an increase of index of erythrocyte deformability. The conclusion is made that changes of erythrocyte rheological properties are interconnected with changes of the Na,K-ATPase activity and are directed to optimization of blood circulation in large vessels and capillary network.

  7. A CRITICAL REVIEW ON HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF JALAUKAVACHARAN (HIRUDOTHERAPY

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    Verma Dilip Kumar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, is one of the few examples of the use of invertebrates in the treatment of human disease. Leech therapy also known as Hirudotherapy (mentioned as Jalaukavacharan in Ayurveda played an important role because it was used for medicinal "blood-letting" and "purification" - a practice believed to cure a variety of ailments from gout to headaches. The use of leeches began to become less widespread towards the end of the 19th century. But leech therapy has now again emerged as widely useful therapy in large number of diseases and is attracting the eyes of researchers all over the world. In Ayurveda, Jalaukavacharana has been mentioned as one of the processes of Raktamokshana. Ayurveda scholars have devoted full chapters in their texts depicting identification, collection, preservation, method of application, indications etc. of leeches which proves its popularity in medical field since ancient times. Besides its wide indications, its easy applicability without producing any adverse effects is also another reason why leech therapy has been practiced by Ayurvedic physicians since ancient times. In present era, role of leeches in microsurgery in setting of venous congestion associated with soft tissue replantations and free flap-based reconstructive surgery has been well accepted on various scientific grounds. In 21st century, studies have been done to prove its role in arthritis. But there are many more areas from headache to hypertension, where leeches are evident to give successful results. The need is to explore these areas and perform studies to make them globally accepted. Researchers in Faculty of Ayurveda, IMS, BHU are involved in various clinical as well as experimental studies to make the well evident clinical efficient therapy mentioned in Ayurveda scientifically accepted all over the world. These reasons, gave us the curiosity to explore the historical uses of leech therapy in view to establish its

  8. Study and prospects for clinical diseases treated with scraping therapy%刮痧疗法临床治疗病种研究与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莹莹; 杨金生

    2009-01-01

    In order to explore characteristics of clinical diseases treated by scraping therapy, summarize laws of clinical application of scraping therapy, and prospect for research direction of scraping therapy in future, collect 437 articles about scraping therapy between 1994—2007 and analyze and summarize the treated diseases and methods of scraping therapy. Results indicate that scraping therapy has been widely applied to commonly encountered diseases and frequently encountered diseases in departments of internal medicine, surgery, gynecology and pediatrics, etc. with more obvious therapeutic effects. Clinically, it can combine with acupuncture and moxibustion, cupping, massage, blood-letting puncture and other methods. In future, the studies on standardization of manipulation and standards for assessment of therapeutic effect, suitable diseases and the mechanisms of scraping therapy, and development of tools and media, etc. of scraping therapy should be strengthened.%探讨刮痧疗法临床治疗病种的特点,总结刮痧疗法的临床应用规律,展望今后刮痧疗法的研究方向.收集1994-2007年437篇刮痧相关论文,对其中刮痧治疗病种及使用方法进行分析、归纳.结果表明刮痧疗法已广泛应用于内、外、妇、儿临床各科常见病和多发病,且疗效比较显著,临床中可配合针灸、拔罐、按摩、刺络放血等方法使用.今后应加强刮痧操作规范与疗效评定标准、适宜病种、作用机制的研究,以及刮痧工具和介质的研制和开发等.

  9. Poly-paraphyly of Hirudinidae: many lineages of medicinal leeches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillips Anna J

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Medicinal leeches became infamous for their utility in bloodletting popularized in the 19th century, and have seen a recent resurgence in post-operative treatments for flap and replantation surgeries, and in terms of characterization of salivary anticoagulants. Notorious throughout the world, the quintessential leech family Hirudinidae has been taken for granted to be monophyletic, as has the non-bloodfeeding family Haemopidae. Results This study is the first to evaluate molecular evidence from hirudinid and haemopid leeches in a manner that encompasses the global scope of their taxonomic distributions. We evaluated the presumed monophyly of the Hirudinidae and assessed previous well-accepted classification schemes. The Hirudinidae were found not to be monophyletic, falling instead into two distinct and unrelated clades. Members of the non-bloodfeeding family Haemopidae were scattered throughout the tree and among traditional hirudinid genera. A combination of nuclear 18S rDNA and 28S rDNA with mitochondrial 12S rDNA and cytochrome c oxidase I were analyzed with Parsimony and with Bayesian methods. Conclusion The family Hirudinidae must be refined to include only the clade containing Hirudo medicinalis (European medicinal leech and related leeches irrespective of bloodfeeding behavior. A second clade containing Macrobdella decora (North American medicinal leech and its relatives may yet be recognized in Semiscolecidae in order to avoid paraphyly. The African distribution of species from each of the divergent hirudinid clades suggests that a deep divergence took place in the history of the medicinal leeches hundreds of millions of years ago.

  10. Effect of intra-abdominal volume increment technique for the treatment of intra-abdominal hypertension on the liver after resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock in pig

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng-gang WANG

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To observe the effect of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD assisted intra-abdominal volume increment (IAVI technique on the liver in the treatment of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH following hemorrhagic shock resuscitation in pigs. Methods  Twelve healthy mini-pigs (Bama, Guangxi were selected for bloodletting from the femoral artery to reproduce hemorrhagic shock model (mean arterial blood pressure, 50mmHg, 1h, and IAH model was successfully reproduced in eight pigs by partial occlusion of portal vein. The eight pigs were randomly divided into the intra-abdominal volume increment treatment (IT group (n=4 and sham operation control (SC group (n=4. Vesical pressure (VP and inferior vena cava pressure (IVCP were observed before shock, 2h after IAH, and 22h after IAVI treatment. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST and alanine aminotransferase (ALT were measured. In addition, the ratio of the abdominal anteroposterior diameter to the transverse diameter was assessed, and the liver CT values were measured after enhanced CT scanning. The pigs were sacrificed 26h after operation. Liver specimens were collected to measure the ratio of wet weight to dry weight and pathological examination. Results  The VP in 8 IAH pigs was 21.16±4.63mmHg. The ratio of abdominal anteroposterior diameter to the transverse diameter increased remarkably 2h after IAH compared with that before shock (1.22±1.41 vs 0.96±0.08, PPvs 42.73±4.92HU, PPPvs 5.14±0.71, PConclusions  The established model could better reproduce the symptoms of IAH after hemorrhagic shock and fluid resuscitation, accompanied by liver damage. IAVI helps to relieve liver functional disturbance after IAH, which is related to decreased intra-abdominal pressure and hypoxia-ischemia of the liver.

  11. Clinical and Experimental Study of Effects of Rhubarb on Gastrointestinal Blood Flow Perfusion in Critical Illness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of rhubarb on gastrointestinal blood perfusion in critical illness and hemorrhagic shocked rats.Methods: Clinical Study: Sixty-four septic patients, who suffered from stress ulcer, were treated with rhubarb at a dose of 25 mg/kg. Twenty-five non-septic patients were taken as control. The gastrointestinal perfusion was evaluated by intramural pH (pHi). Animal study: SD rats were anesthetized with intraperitoneal sodium pentobarbital at a dose of 20 mg/kg. Blood-letting were performed in the animals. Blood pressure reduced to 5.32 kPa and maintained for 120 mins. They were resuscitated at the end of shock by reinfusing all of the shed blood. The rats were randomly divided into four groups: Normal control, shock group, therapeutic group (shocked rats were treated with 50 mg/kg rhubarb at the end of shock) and rhubarb group (normal rats were treated with rhubarb). Laser Doppler was applied to estimate the gastrointestinal blood perfusion. Results: Clinical Study: The gastrointestinal pHi in septic patients was much lower than that in the control, whereas rhubarb could obviously elevate gastrointestinal pHi (P<0.001). In addition, rhubarb also had good effect on gastric hemorrhage caused by stress ulcer. Animal Study: Although the shocked rats were resuscitated completely, their gastrointestinal blood perfusion was much lower than that in the control. Rhubarb could significantly improve the blood perfusion in gastrointestinal mucosa and mesentery (P<0.01). Furthermore, rhubarb also increase the gastrointestinal perfusion in normal rats. Conclusion: Rhubarb could improve gastrointestinal blood perfusion in critical illness and shocked rats.

  12. The Prevalence of Different Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission Routes and Knowledge about AIDS in Infected People with HIV in Sirjan

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    Mahin Behzadpour

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objective: The immune system of Patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS is weekend because of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection, and they become vulnerable to several opportunistic and non-opportunistic pathogens and different carcinomas. IV drug abuse, sexual contact, occupational transmission, blood transfusion and maternal-fetal transmission are well known transmission routes for HIV infection. This study was under taken to investigate the prevalence of HIV transmission routs in the HIV infected population of Sirjan, and their knowledge about the disease, in order to plan better preventive strategies. Materials & Methods: A cross sectional study was planned. During a 6-month period in 2010, all of the HIV infected people in Sirjan (old and new cases who had a file at the consultation center for high risk behavior, completed a valid and reliable questionnaire. Results: The definite route of transmission was not clear in any of the patients because they had more than one suspicious route. Injected drug abusers were the most common (88.4% followed by those who got tattoos (79.1%, invasive therapeutic procedures, dentistry, surgery and endoscopy (56.1%, high risk sexual behavior (62.8%, bloodletting (9.3%, injuries in the barbershop (9.3% and blood transfusion (2.3%. Conclusion: All of the HIV infected cases in Sirjan were involved with several high risk behaviors, but the major route of transmission, similar to other parts of the country was injected drug abuse. Educational programs for prevention of AIDS should be followed seriously and special attention should be paid to groups with multiple high risk behaviors.

  13. Mozart's chronic subdural hematoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, M E

    1993-11-01

    No commemoration of the bicentennial of Mozart's death would be complete without some consideration of that premature yet predictable demise. Mozart's premonitions of death are well known and apparently played a role in the composition of the K.626 Requiem and perhaps other works. His death has traditionally been ascribed to infectious causes, chiefly rheumatic fever or post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, exacerbated by intemperance and chronic penury. Pathology has been difficult because of his supposed burial in a pauper's grave, the location and contents of which were later supposedly lost. Mozart's burial place in St. Mark's Cemetery in Vienna was known and, in the parlance of the day, "reorganized" a decade later, as the occupants of plots were disinterred to make room for the more recently decreased. A skull believed to the Mozart's was saved by the successor of the gravedigger who had supervised Mozart's burial, and then passed into the collections of the anatomist Josef Hyrtl, the municipality of Salzburg, and the Mozarteum museum (Salzburg). Forensic reconstruction of soft tissues related to this skull reveals substantial concordance with Mozart's portraits. The skull suggests premature closure of the metopic suture, which has been suggested on the basis of his physiognomy. A left temporal fracture and concomitant erosions raise the question of chronic subdural hematoma, which would be consistent with several falls in 1789 and 1790 and could have caused the weakness, headaches, and fainting he experienced in 1790 and 1791. Aggressive bloodletting to treat suspected rheumatic fever could have decompensated such a lesion to produce his death on December 5, 1791.

  14. Chancellor Angela Merkel: A Celtic Satire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Stephens

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Glosses on Chancellor Angela Merkel: In ancient times the poets of Ireland and Scotland wrote satires on royals and chiefs they held to be administratively challenged and/or ungenerous to needy bards. The poems were not in strict form, but, generally, 17 line stanzas implied “should be put down”, while 13 line stanzas connoted “harmless but dim”. Walküre, whence Valkyrie, means “chooser of the slain” in Old German. In the bloodletting attending the formation of the present Grand Coalition in Germany, Edmund Stoiber was a casualty and withdrew, embittered, to lead Bavaria again. Angela is widely reported to find relief from the tensions of major political crises by baking cakes, a method more acceptable to the German middle-class than that once favoured by President Clinton. Prince Potemkin, lover and right-hand-man, of Czarina Catherine II, is – maybe slanderously – supposed to have had fake villages built in which actors mimed happy peasants as she drove past in her carriage. When Bush visited Angela’s provincial electorate, the real locals were sent somewhere else, while blokes from Germany’s security services replaced them, smiling, cheering and waving American flags. Consuming coffee and cake at 4 p.m. is the only Categorical Imperative that Germany absolutely obeys. The plot of Wagner’s Twilight of the Gods resembles a stale lamington, as do Germany’s present economic woes. The Grand Coalition is also looking crumbly and dry, despite Angela’s keeping it in the fridge in glad-wrap.

  15. More than just a cut: a qualitative study of penile practices and their relationship to masculinity, sexuality and contagion and their implications for HIV prevention in Papua New Guinea

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    Kelly Angela

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Male circumcision (MC has been shown to reduce vaginal transmission of HIV to men. While community acceptability is important in a countries preparedness to introduce MC, it is equally important to map contemporary MC and other penile cutting practices, and the socio-cultural dimensions underpinning these practices. Methods A total of 482 men and women (n = 276 and n = 210, respectively participated in 82 semi-structured and 45 focus group discussions from four different provinces of Papua New Guinea (PNG, each representing one of the four socially and geographically diverse regions of the country. Results Of the men interviewed 131 self-reported that they had undergone a penile alteration with some reporting multiple types. Practices were diverse and could be grouped into five broad categories: traditional (customary penile cutting; contemporary penile cutting; medical circumcision; penile inserts; and penile bloodletting practices in which sharp objects are used to incise the glans and or inserted and withdrawn from the male urethra or in order to induce bleeding. Socio-cultural traditions, enhanced sexual pleasure and improved genital hygiene were key motivators for all forms of penile practices. Conclusions The findings from this study highlight the complex and diverse nature of penile practices in PNG and their association with notions of masculinity, sexuality and contagion. Contemporary penile practices are critical to a community’s acceptance of MC and of a country’s ability to successfully implement MC in the context of a rich and dynamic culture of penile practices. If a MC program were to be successfully rolled out in PNG to prevent HIV it would need to work within and build upon these diverse cultural meanings and motivators for penile practices already commonly performed in PNG by men.

  16. [Andreas Vesalius and surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hee, R

    1993-01-01

    By publishing De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem in 1543, Andries van Wesel (1514-1564) gave surgical science an immense impulse. The revolutionary renovation in the knowledge of man's anatomical structure changed slowly and progressively into topographical and physiological understanding of surgical diseases. At the same time, this made better aimed and more secure operations possible. Apart from the importance of this anatomical publication, Andreas Vesalius also won his spurs as a surgeon. He taught surgery in Padua for many years. He was appointed court physician and surgeon at the Habsburg Court of Charles V and Philip II. He personally performed lots of operations known at the time as major ones. He not only quickly adopted the surgical innovations of his fellow-surgeon Ambroise Paré, but he even performed operations that had been forgotten during several centuries, among which thoracocentesis for pleural empyema. His clinical perspicacity in discovering the indication for some operations was staggering and was appreciated by all great monarchs of Europe in the 16th century. In his several consilia, numerous pieces of advice were given for the treatment of surgical patients. The surgical practice which Vesalius had in Brussels for many years, consequently became most successful. Many publications by Vesalius about surgery and blood-letting are well-known. His Chirurgia magna in septem Libros digesta still remains controversial; these books were published by Prospero Borgarruccio (1560) in 1568 by the Venetian editor Valgrisi. This book gives an excellent survey of surgical pathology as it was taught and treated in the 16th century. The scientific method that Vesalius used, not only in his anatomical studies but also in his surgical practice, deserves not only our full appraisal but should still be studied in our own time.

  17. 促红细胞生成素抑制正常及缺铁性贫血大鼠铁调素的表达%Inhibitory Effect of Erythropoietin on Hepcidin Expression in Normal and IDA Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明丽娟

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of erythropoietin ( EPO ) on the serum hepcidin expression in iron deficiency anemia ( IDA ) rats. Method: IDA rat model was established by repeated bloodletting and low-iron diet feeding. The hepcidin expression in normal rats with or without EPO intervention and IDA rats with or without EPO intervention was respectively detected and compared. Result: After the intra-peritoneal injection of EPO, hepcidin expression and C/EBPα levels decreased in the IDA group. EPO also significantly inhibited hepcidin expression in the normal rats( P<0. 05 ). Conclusion: Hepcidin plays an important role in the pathogene-sis of IDA. Both in normal and IDA rats, EPO can decrease hepcidin expression levels by declining C/EBPα to hinder the activation of the hepcidin promoter.%目的:探讨促红细胞生成素(EPO)在缺铁性贫血(IDA)大鼠模型中对铁调素(hepcidin)表达的影响.方法:通过反复放血和饲喂低铁饲料,建立IDA大鼠动物模型,比较药物干预组(EPO)与非干预组及正常对照组与正常给药组(EPO)大鼠血清hepcidin表达的差异.Western blot检测肝脏内信号因子CCAAT/增强子结合蛋白α(C/EBPα)含量.结果:IDA模型组腹腔注射EPO后,血清hepcidin和肝脏C/EBPα含量显著降低.EPO对正常大鼠hepcidin表达也有显著抑制作用(P<0.05).结论:hepcidin可能参与了IDA的发生,在正常大鼠和IDA大鼠中,EPO能通过下调C/EBPα阻碍其激活hepcidin启动子最终抑制hepcidin的表达.

  18. 扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤疗效观察%Efficacy Observation on Multiple Superficial Needling Combined with Alcohol Burning Method Treating Acute Ankle Sprain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高锋

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤的临床疗效.方法:86例急性踝关节扭伤患者随机分为治疗组和对照组各43例,治疗组采用扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法,对照组采用刺络拔罐治疗,观察两组疗效.结果:治疗组总有效率为100.00%,显著高于对照组的88.37%(P<0.01).结论:扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤疗效肯定,值得临床推广应用.%Objective: To observe the clinical effect of multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method treating acute ankle sprain. Methods:86 cases of acute ankle sprain were randomly divided into treatment group and control group with each of 43 cases, treatment group adopted multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method, control group with bloodletting puncture and cupping therapy, the cura-tive effect of the two groups were observed. Results:The total effective rate of treatment group was 100.00%, significantly higher than that of control group by 88.37% (P<0.01). Conclusion:The efficacy of multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method treating acute ankle sprain is definite, being worthy of clinical application.

  19. 针灸治疗多汗症的临床研究概况%Clinical Research on Treatment of Hyperhidrosis by Acupuncture and Moxibustion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘双双; 胡幼平

    2013-01-01

    By Searching clinical research literature that acupuncture and moxibustion treat the hyperhidrosis for recent 20 years, summarize the different methods and therapeutic effect .Therapy for the symptom is from the traditional acupuncture and moxibustion to the combination of acupuncture with cupping , traditional Chinese medicine etc ,and the new therapies such as auricular therapy , point injection , acupoint application bloodlet-ting.And every therapy has a definite effects .The curative effect of acupuncture in combination with other thera-pies are more significant than simple acupuncture .Acupuncture and moxibustion for treating hyperhidrosis has u-nique therapeutic effect , and the therapy is simple and safe with few side effects .%通过检索近20年来针灸治疗多汗症的临床研究文献,总结针灸治疗的不同方法及疗效。针灸治疗多汗的疗法从传统的针灸到针灸与火罐、中药等的结合疗法及耳针、穴位注射、敷贴、刺络放血等新的方法。虽针灸疗法多样,但均疗效确切,且针灸结合疗法较单纯的针刺疗效更显著。针灸治疗多汗症具有独特的疗效,且操作简单安全,毒副作用小。

  20. 寻常型痤疮的中医外治体会%Experience of Chinese medicine in the external treatment to acne vulgaris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘祖丽

    2014-01-01

    痤疮是一种好发于青春期男女的皮肤疾病。易反复发作,影响容颜美观,特别是中重度(Ⅱ-Ⅳ度)寻常性痤疮给患者容貌及心理健康带来严重影响。中医外治法对其有较好的疗效。通过介绍毫针刺法、放血疗法、穴位注射、梅花针面部叩刺、中药面膜、中药熏蒸等常用的中医外治方法,进一步探讨中重度寻常性痤疮的治疗。%Acne is a skin disease,occurs in adolescents.It’ s easy to repeated attacks,affect the appearance of beautiful ,es-pecially in moderate to severe (Ⅱ-Ⅳ)acne vulgaris has seriously affected the appearance and the mental health of patients,with ex-ternal therapy of traditional Chinese medicine,has a good effect on the diseases.Through the introduction of traditional Chinese medi-cine treatment of acupuncture,bloodletting therapy,acupoint injection,plum blossom needle facial tapping,herbal mask,herbal fumi-gation and other commonly used,in order to improve the treatment of moderate to severe acne vulgaris.

  1. 近5年中风后语言障碍的针灸治疗进展%Advances in the treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion for aphasis after stroke in recent 5 years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹娜铉

    2016-01-01

    临床治疗中风后语言障碍虽然疗效肯定,但仍存在不足。不利于针刺疗法的大范围推广和运用。查阅近5年针灸治疗本病文献,从针灸疗法和综合疗法两方面进行综述,针灸疗法又包括以体针疗法为主、以头针疗法为主、以舌针疗法为主、以放血疗法为主和多种针法配合5个方面;综合疗法包括针药结合、针灸与语言康复相结合和针刺与音乐音调治疗法结合3个方面。并针对问题和不足,提出建议。%Although the clinical treatment of aphasis after stroke is positive, there are still some shortcomings. It is not conducive to the promotion and application of acupuncture treatment. With reviewing the literatures of acupuncture and moxibustion for the treatment of the disease in the past 5 years, this article will summary from the two aspects of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy and comprehensive therapy. Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy includes to the following five aspects, acupuncture, scalp acupuncture therapy, tongue acupuncture therapy, blood-letting therapy and multiple acupuncture therapy. Comprehensive therapy includes to the following three as-pects, combined needling and herbal therapy, combined needling with rehabilitation of language, and combined needling and musical therapy. This article will also give some suggestions according to the questions and shortcomings.

  2. [Protective effect of arctigenin in GK rats combined with hypertension macroangiopathy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Qin; Sun, Bao-cun; Xia, Wen-kai

    2015-03-01

    To study the protective effect of Arctigenin in goto-kakizaki (GK) rats combined with hypertension macroangiopathy. Six-week-old GK rats were divided randomly according to blood glucose level into four groups: the model group and low, middle and high dose arctigenin groups (12.5, 25, 50 mg x kg(-1)), with Wistar rats as the normal group. All of GK rats were given high-glucose and high-fat diet. After 16 weeks, GK rats were orally administrated with 10 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) N-Ω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester for eight weeks. During the modeling, all of arctigenin groups were orally administrated with different dose of arctigenin twice a day; The model group and the normal group were given solvents. At the beginning, mid-term and end of the experiment, blood glucose was measured. At the end of the experiment, efforts were made to detect blood pressure, collect abdominal aortic blood after anesthesia, fix thoracic aorta after bloodletting to make paraffin sections, observe morphological characteristics and detect the expression of VEGF by immunohistochemistry. According to the results, the blood glucose rose in all GK rats, with no significant difference between the drug group and the model group. At the end of the experiment, the blood pressure significantly increased in GK rats, indicating that Arctigenin could notably reduce the blood pressure in GK rats in a dose-dependent manner. The blood routine test showed increases in both the total white blood cell count and differential blood count, MPV and PDW, abnormal blood platelet parameters and decrease in PLT in GK rats, suggesting that Arctigenin could remarkably reduce the total white blood cell count and differential blood count, MPV and PDW. The thoracic aortic morphological observation revealed obvious endangium lesions in GK rats, demonstrating that Arctigenin could ameliorate the lesion extent. VEGF immumohistochemical staining showed a higher VEGF expression in the model group but lower expression in Arctigenin

  3. Study on the Treating Hemorrhagic Shock of Beagle Dogs with Canine Plasma from Other Individuals%异体犬血浆治疗失血性休克Beagle犬的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李学勇; 渠凯; 付少才; 刘欣; 张博; 魏永俊; 李巧伶; 朱海波

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of treating hemorrhagic shock Beagle dogs with canine plasma from other individuals, which will lay the foundation for clinical application. Method Bloodletting by femoral artery to establish hemorrhagic shock models of Beagle dogs. Then, observing the effect on treating hemorrhagic shock of Beagle dogs by transfusing canine plasma from other individuals. Result Transfused canine plasma from other individuals by vein, the mean artery pressure, the content of serum protein, blood glucose, concentration and part-pressure of carbon dioxide, anionic gap, BEECF and lots of ions, had improved obviously. Comparing canine plasma from other individuals with physiological saline, the statistical data had significant difference (P≤0. 05) or extreme significant difference ( P ≤1 0. 01). However, lots of metabolic products such as ALP, TBIL, had no significant difference ( P > 0. 05 ) . Conclusion The canine plasma from other individuals had significant effect on treating hemorrhagic shock of Beagle dogs, and it could be used to clinical practices.%目的 观察异体犬血浆对失血性休克Beagle犬的治疗作用,为临床应用奠定基础.方法 通过股动脉放血建立Beagle犬失血性休克模型,静脉输入受试异体犬血浆观察其治疗实验性休克的作用.结果 静脉输入受试异体犬血浆后,Beagle犬的平均动脉压、血清蛋白含量、血糖含量、二氧化碳浓度及其分压、阴离子间隙、细胞外液碱剩余、多种离子等多项指标均显著改善,与输入生理盐水相比,统计学有显著性差异(P≤0.05)或极显著差异(P≤0.01),而碱性磷酸酶、总胆红素等多种代谢产物含量未见显著差异(P>0.05).结论 受试异体犬血浆对失血性休克Beagle犬的治疗效果明显,具有临床应用价值.

  4. Evaluation of C677T polymorphism of the methylenetetra hydrofolate reductase gene and its association with levels of serum homocysteine, folate, and vitamin B12 as maternal risk factors for Down syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohanty, Pankaj K.; Kapoor, Seema; Dubey, Anand P.; Pandey, Sanjeev; Shah, Renuka; Nayak, Hemant K.; Polipalli, Sunil K.

    2012-01-01

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of C677T polymorphisms of the methylenetetra hydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and its association with level of serum homocysteine, folate, and vitamin B12 as possible maternal risk factors for Down syndrome. DESIGN: This was a case–control study. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifty-two mothers (mean age 27.6 years) with babies having free trisomy 21 of North Indian ethnicity and 52 control nonlactating mothers (mean age 24.9 years) of same ethnicity attending services of genetic lab for bloodletting for other causes were enrolled after informed written consent. Fasting blood was collected and was used for determination of plasma homocysteine, vitamin B12, and folate (serum and RBC), and for PCR amplification of the MTHFR gene. RESULTS: The prevalence of MTHFR C677T polymorphism in north Indian mothers of babies with trisomy 21 Down syndrome was 15.38% compared to 5.88 % in controls. The difference between two groups was not statistically significant (P = 0.124). Low serum folate was demonstrated in 34.62% of cases vs. 11.54% in controls, which was significant (P = 0.005). Low RBC folate was found in 30.7% of cases versus 11.53% in controls, which was not significant (P = 0.059), when analyzed independently. But on multiple regression analysis the difference was statistically significant. Low serum vitamin B12 was found in 42.31% of cases versus 34.62% in controls, which was not significant (P = 0.118). The mean serum homocysteine in cases was 10.35 ± 0.68 while controls were 9.02 ± 0.535. CONCLUSION: Serum levels of folate were low in cases. The RBC folate levels were comparable in both groups. However the combined serum folate and RBC folate were low in cases compared to control groups. Homocysteine levels in our study were higher in Down syndrome mothers compared to controls; however high-serum level of Homocysteine had no association with MTHFR polymorphism. No association of serum vitamin B12 with MTHFR polymorphism in occurrence of

  5. Effects of post-conditioning with sevoflurane on the expressions of intestinal AQP8 and I-FABP in pigs with hemorrhagic shock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-hong CHEN

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective To observe the effects of sevoflurane post-conditioning on the expression of Aquaporin 8 (AQP8 and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP, in order to investigate the protective role of sevoflurane post-conditioning on intestinal injury and its underlying mechanism. Methods Eighteen bama miniature pigs were randomly divided into three groups (6 each using a random number table: control group (S group, hemorrhagic shock group (HS group, and sevoflurane post-coditioning group (Post/ Sev group. Experimental animals were fasted for 8 hours before surgery, and propofol 3mg/kg was given viathe ear vein. Endotracheal intubation was done when the animal fell asleep. Bloodletting from the femoral artery after anesthesia was done to reproduce hemorrhagic shock. In Post/Sev group, 2% sevoflurane was given by inhalation for 30min (post-conditioning after successful reproduction of the model. Blood samples were collected prior to anesthesia (T0 and 30min (T1, 1h (T2, 1.5h (T3, 2h (T4, 3h (T5, 4h (T6 after hemorrhagic shock. The quantity of blood I-FABP and intestinal AQP8 levels were determined with ELISA. Water content in the intestinal tissue was determined by wet and dry weight method. Histopathological changes in the intestinal tissue were observed with HE staining. Results Compared with the control group, the serum I-FABP content, the expressions of intestinal AQP8, and water content in the intestinal tissue were significantly increased in HS group and Post/Sev (P<0.05 group. Compared with HS group, the above indices in Post/Sev group were significantly lower (P<0.05. These results were confirmed by pathological examination. Conclusion Postconditioning with sevoflurane could improve, to some extent, pig's intestinal barrier function in hemorrhagic shock, and this effect is likely related with lowering of intestinal AQP8 and I-FABP expression and mucosal edema. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2015.11.11

  6. Vera polycythemia incorporated with hemolysis: a case report and literature review%真性红细胞增多症合并溶血一例并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱家斌; 周立涛; 张丽娟; 于亮

    2012-01-01

    目的 总结以溶血为首发症状的真性红细胞增多症1例临床资料及实验室检查特点.方法 结合文献探讨该病的常规细胞遗传学分析、JAK2V617F点突变检测、BCR/ABL融合基因检测等实验室检查的诊断方法与治疗.结果 检测显示JAK2V617F点突变阳性,BCR-ABL融合基因阴性,染色体为8号三体.先后予以地塞米松、抗感染、保肝等常规治疗和放血、羟基脲、干扰素等后续治疗后好转出院,出院维持治疗至今,生存良好.结论 本病起病隐袭,早期不易发现,JAK2V617F点突变的等位基因特异性聚合酶链反应(AS-PCR)检测有助于诊断.%Objective To summarize the clinical data and laboratory features of vera polycythemia incorporated with hemolysis in one case. Methods The treatment and diagnosis of series of laboratory detection with conventional cytogenetics,mutation detection in JAK2V617F,BCR/ABL fusion gene were investigated with literature. Results JAK2V617F point mutation was detected positively,BCR/ABL fusion gene was negative and trisomic chromosome 8. The case was mend and discharged after successively treated with conventional treatment of dexamethasone,antiinfective,hepatoprotective and follow-up treatment of bloodletting,hydroxyurea and interferon.Conclusions The onset of vera polycythemia is latent which is difficult to find in the early phase.Allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) of JAK2V617F mutation will be helpful to the diagnosis.

  7. [Control discourses and power relations of yellow fever: Philadelphia in 1793].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seohyung

    2014-12-01

    1793 Yellow fever in Philadelphia was the most severe epidemics in the late 18th century in the United States. More than 10% of the population in the city died and many people fled to other cities. The cause of yellow fever in the United States had close relationship with slaves and sugar in Philadelphia. Sugarcane plantation had needed many labors to produce sugar and lots of Africans had to move to America as slaves. In this process, Aëdes aegypti, the vector of yellow fever had migrated to America and the circumstances of ships or cities provided appropriate conditions for its breeding. In this period, the cause of yellow fever could not be established exactly, so suggestions of doctors became entangled in political and intellectual discourses in American society. There was a critical conflict between Jeffersonian Republicanism and Federalism about the origin and treatment of yellow fever. Benjamin Rush, a Jeffersonian Republican, suggested urban sanitation reform and bloodletting. He believed the infectious disease happened because of unsanitary city condition, so he thought the United States could be a healthy nation by improvement of the public health and sanitation. He would like to cope with national crisis and develop American society on the basis of republicanism. While Rush suggested the improvement of public health and sanitation, the city government of Philadelphia suggested isolation of yellow fever patients and quarantine. City government isolated the patients from healthy people and it reconstructed space of hospital. Also, it built orphanages to take care of children who lost their parents during the epidemic and implemented power to control people put in the state of exception. Of course, city government tried to protect the city and nation by quarantine of every ship to Philadelphia. Control policies of yellow fever in 1793 showed different conflicts and interactions. Through the yellow fever, Jeffersonian Republicanism and Federalism had

  8. 七氟醚对失血性休克/复苏猪心肌损伤的影响%Effect of sevoflurane on myocardial injury induced by hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation in pigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽; 陈克研; 刁玉刚; 李林; 张铁铮

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of sevoflurane on myocardial injury induced by hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HS/R) in pigs.Methods Twenty-four Bama miniature pigs (12 males, 12 females) , weighing 20-25 kg, aged 3-5 months, were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=8 each) using a random number table: sham operation group (group S) , HS/R group and sevoflurane group (group Sev).The left and right femoral arteries and right femoral vein were cannulated for blood pressure monitoring, blood-letting, blood sampling and fluid infusion.HS/R was induced by blood-letting maintaining for 1 h, followed by resuscitation with autologous blood reinfusion and infusion of lactated Ringer's solution 2 times the volume of the blood withdrawn.The pigs in group Sev were exposed to 2% sevoflurane for 30 min before resuscitation.After cannulation, at 30 min after hemorrhagic shock, before resuscitation, and at 30 min, and 1.5, 2.5 and 3.5 h after resuscitation, blood samples were collected from the femoral artery for determination of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) activity and cardiac troponin Ⅰ (cTnI) concentration in serum using an automatic biochemical analyzer.Myocardial specimens were obtained at 3.5 h after resuscitation for detection of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-ot) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) contents (by ELISA) , and phosphor-signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (p-STAT1) expression (by Western blot), and for examination of the pathological changes (with light microscope).Results Compared with S group , the CK-MB activity and cTnI concentration in serum and contents of TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly increased, and the expression of p-STAT1 was up-regulated in HS/R and Sev groups (P<0.05).Compared with HS/R group, the CK-MB activity and cTnI concentration in serum and contents of TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly decreased, and the expression of p-STAT1 was downregulated (P<0.05) , and the pathological changes of myocardia were alleviated in Sev

  9. Disturbances of energy metabolism in the internal organs in traumatic cranial injury on the background of diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Meretskyі

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic cranial injury is one of the leading reasons in the statistics of mortality. Modern ideas about the pathogenesis of traumatic brain injury based on the allocation of primary and secondary factors of brain damage. One of the main causes of secondary brain injury is hypoxia – insufficient provision with oxygen. Changes in oxygen balance lead to activation of oxidative stress, disturbances of mitochondria membranes and their death, and progression of energy metabolism imbalance caused by trauma. Millions of people worldwide suffer from diabetes mellitus. One of the factors that influences the development of complications of diabetes, is an accumulation of highly toxic peroxide compounds that intensify the processes of destabilization of cell membranes. Further research of peculiarities of oxidative stress and energy metabolism imbalance in diabetes associated with trauma will provide the basis for therapeutic directions to increase treatment options and improve patient health and well-being. Therefore, the purpose of this work is to study the effect of traumatic cranial injury on the energy supplying processes in the liver and kidneys of rats with streptozotocin diabetes, as well as establishing a link between impaired mitochondrial oxidation and the intensity of oxidative stress. Hundred adult male Wistar rats, weighing 180-220 g, were used in this study. Rats were assigned to one of four groups: (1 control animals (n=10; (2 rats with diabetes (n=10; (3 rats with closed cranial trauma (n=40; (4 animals with cranial trauma on the diabetes background (n=40. To induce diabetes, streptozotocin (“Sigma-Aldrich”,USA was dissolved in citrate buffer (pH 4.5 and a single intra-peritoneal injection (60 mg/kg was given to each animal. The application of the cranial injury was done according to the method developed in our laboratory. The rats were sacrificed under thiopental sodium anesthesia by total bloodletting from the heart. The rats of

  10. 中药复方颗粒剂对断奶腹泻仔猪小肠黏膜超微结构的影响%Effect of Chinese Herbs Medicine Compound on Small Intestinal Mucosa in Weaned Diarrheal Piglets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娟; 孟冬霞; 刘一飞; 武果桃; 张东玲; 陈泽; 王树华; 王志俊; 杨忠; 任杰; 孟帆

    2014-01-01

    为研究中药颗粒剂对断奶腹泻仔猪小肠黏膜超微结构的影响,选择(28±1) d、体重10.04 kg左右的杜长大三元杂种断奶腹泻仔猪18头,随机分为抗生素治疗组和中药复方颗粒剂治疗组,每组3个重复,每个重复3头猪。两组分别于用药后14 d每组随机抽取3头猪颈动脉放血处死,腹腔解剖观察病理变化,无菌采集小肠黏膜进行细胞学观察。结果显示,中药复方颗粒剂治疗组小肠黏膜除有少量出血外,未发现明显病理变化。抗生素治疗组小肠黏膜脱落,有广泛充血、出血;黏膜上皮细胞变性坏死;嗜酸性粒细胞浸润,有大量以淋巴细胞(LELs)、杯状细胞(GSs)为主的炎性细胞浸润;微绒毛排列紊乱,脱落;细胞受损严重,线粒体等细胞器结构异常。表明抗生素治疗仔猪腹泻造成小肠黏膜显著的病理变化和功能障碍,而中药复方颗粒剂治疗有利于仔猪小肠黏膜结构的修复。%To study the influence of Chinese Herbs medicine compound on small intestinal mucosa membrane in weaned diarrheal piglets,18 weaned diarrheal DLY piglets (28 ±1 days old and 10.04 kg body weights) were selected,and divided into antibiotics and herbs group at random.Each of which included replicates of 3 piglets.3 piglets in two groups were sacrificed by bloodletting in veins,dissected peritoneal cavity,and gathered small intestinal mucosa membrane abacterally,then these cells in small intestinal mucosa membrane were observed.The results showed that small intestinal mucosa had no obvious pathological changes except slight hemorrhage in Chinese herbal medicine group.Nevertheless,there were more pathological changes in antibiotics group.For instance,small intestinal mucosa had desquamated with extensive hyperemia and hemorrhage concomitantly;epithelial cells were degenerated and necrotic;eosinophilic granulocyte displayed cellular infiltration,which included

  11. 针刺综合疗法治疗小儿急性上呼吸道感染高热的随机对照研究%Acupuncture Combined with Other Therapies for Hyperpyrexia in Children with Acute Upper Respiratory Infection: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏利召; 罗少波; 胡海翔

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察针刺治疗小儿急性上呼吸道感染(acute upper respiratory infection,AURI)高热的疗效.方法 150例AURI患儿被随机分为针刺组和西药组,各75例.针刺组选用针刺单侧四关穴、耳尖放血、温水擦浴降温等疗法,西药组采用口服布洛芬混悬液、外用退热医用贴、酒精擦浴降温等疗法.观察两组治疗后退热时间、24 h内再次发热时间、惊厥次数、咳嗽持续时间、食欲恢复时间以及3个月内再次发生AURI时间.结果 针刺组上述指标与西药组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 针刺介入治疗AURI高热,可显著减少退热时间、惊厥次数、咳嗽持续时间、食欲恢复时间,而24 h内再次发热时间、3个月内再次发生AURI的时间显著延长.%Objective To observe the effects of acupuncture combined with other therapies in treating children's hyperpyrexia caused by acute upper respiratory infection (AURI). Methods A total of 150 AURI children were averagely randomized into acupuncture treatment group and western medicine treatment group. Patients in the acupuncture treatment group were treated with acupuncture at unilateral “Siguan”acupoint, bloodletting in ear tips, cooling with tepid sponge bath; while patients in the western medicine treatment group were treated with ibuprofen suspension, external pyretolysis patches and alcohol sponge bath. After the treatment, such indicators were observed as the time of pyretolysis, the time of fever attack again during 24 hours, convulsion times, the duration of cough, the time of appetite recovery, as well as the time of AURI attack once again during 3 months. Results There was significant difference in abovementioned indicators between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion For AURI induced hyperpyrexia,acupuncture can significantly decrease the time of pyretolysis, convulsion times, the duration of cough,and the time of appetite recovery; meanwhile, it can significantly

  12. Medisinsk kunnskap før og nå:Fra teori til systematiske oversikter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atle Fretheim

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Teorien om balansen mellom de fire kroppsvæskene – humoralpatologien – dominerte sykdomsforståelse og dermed også medisinsk behandling i 2000 år. Brekkmidler, årelating og avføringsmidler var hyppig brukte virkemidler for å rette opp i ”ubalanse” mellom kroppsvæskene, som var regnet som årsak til sykdom.Det var ikke før på 1700-tallet at faktisk empirisk kunnskap ble etterspurt som begrunnelse for valg av behandlingsmetoder. Det å telle opp hvordan det gikk med pasienter som fikk en behandling, og sammenlikne med pasienter som ikke fikk behandlingen, var en ny måte å presentere behandlingseffekter på. Fra 1800-tallet av er det mange eksempler på at behandlingsmetoder ble prøvet ut ved å la annenhver pasient motta behandlingen.Streptomycinstudien til UK Medical Research Council (1946 regnes for å være det første randomiserte kontrollerte forsøket innen medisinsk forskning, og for å ha satt standarden for hvordan kliniske utprøvninger bør utføres.I boka ”Effectiveness and Efficiency. Random Reflections on Health Services” (1972 kritiserte Archie Cochrane mangelen på dokumentasjon for mange av tiltakene som utføres i helsetjenesten. Han ønsket seg langt flere randomiserte studier. Dessuten tok han til orde for at alle randomiserte studier burde samles, og at resultatene burde oppsummeres jevnlig. Iain Chalmers tok utfordringen og påbegynte et omfattende arbeid med å utarbeide en database over randomiserte kontrollerte forsøk. Med utgangspunkt i denne databasen ble det så utarbeidet systematiske oversikter over gjeldende kunnskap om effekt av tiltak i helsetjenesten. Dette ble starten på Cochrane-samarbeidet.Fretheim A. Medical knowledge then and now: From theory to systematic reviews. Nor J Epidemiol 2013; 23 (2: 113-118.ENGLISH SUMMARYThe humoral medicine-theory dominated the understanding of diseases and thus also medical treatments over 2,000 years. Purgatives, bloodletting and laxatives were

  13. 不同补液强度对重度失血性休克早期血清乳酸及钾的影响%Impact of different rehydration intensity on serum lactate and potassium at the early stage of severe hemorrhagic shock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜鹏飞; 朱海彬; 赵会民

    2013-01-01

    目的 研究不同剂量液体治疗对重度失血性休克早期血清乳酸及钾的影响.方法 采用控制性颈动脉放血法建立持续出血性休克兔模型,共42只,随机分为3组,各14只,无补液组不输液;大剂量复苏组按失血量两倍输液,速度参照平均动脉压70~ 80 mm Hg目标值调整;小剂量复苏组按失血量1倍输液,速度参照平均动脉压50~60 mm Hg目标值调整,于休克前及液体治疗1、2、3、4 h分别检测血清乳酸及钾浓度,观察病死率.结果 小剂量组血清乳酸及钾浓度在治疗1、2、3、4h均显著低于无补液组(P<0.05)和大剂量复苏组(P<0.05),4h病死率(1/14)显著低于无补液组(10/14),而大剂量组病死率(5/14)与其他两组比较差异无统计学意义.结论 限制性液体复苏可以降低未控制失血的创伤出血性休克早期病死率,小剂量补液较快速大量补液更有利于抑制酸中毒进展及高钾血症.%Objective To investigate the impact of different rehydration intensity on serum lactate and potassium at the early stage of severe hemorrhagic shock.Methods The rabbit models of progressive hemorrhagic shock were established by controlling the carotid artery bloodletting method,and forty-two male rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups.Non-infusion group accepted nearly no fluid; massive-infusion group accepted fluid equal to times of the bleeding amount,adjusting speed according to mean arterial pressure (MAP) target 70 ~ 80 mm Hg; and limited-infusion group accepted fluid equal to the amount of bleeding,adjusting speed according to MAP target 50 ~60 mm Hg.The serum lactic acid and potassium level were detected respectively before and after shock,and at 1,2,3,4 h followed fluid resuscitation.The 4 h-mortality was also discussed.Results There were 10,5,1 death within 4 h respectively in non-infusion group,massive-infusion group and limited-infusion group,the 4 h-mortality of limited-infusion group was

  14. 朝鲜鹌鹑屠宰性能及其与体重的相关性分析%Correlation Analysis on Carcass Performances and Body Weights of Korean Quails

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明丽

    2012-01-01

    In this study, 300 Korean quails (half of male and female) were raised from 7 days to 38 days under the same feeding condition. During the experiment, the body weights of the quails were measured once a week from 10 days old. At the end of raising experiment, 150 quails (half of male and female) were randomly selected for slaughtering, and the body weights and carcass performances were analyzed. The results showed that the body weights of female quails were very significantly higher than those of males ( P 〈 0.01), except the body weight at 10 days; the slaughter weight, bloodletting weight, carcass weight, half eviscerated weight, eviscerated weight, percentage of half eviscerated yield, weight of chest muscle and weight of thigh muscle of females were significantly higher than those of males ( P 〈 0.05 or P 〈 0.01 ). The results of correlation analysis indicated that there were very significantly positive correla- tions among the body weights at different ages (P 〈 0.01) ; and the positive correlations were showed a- mong the different aged body weights and carcass traits ( P 〈 0.05 or P 〈 0.01 ), except percentage of haft eviscerated yield, percentage of eviscerated yield, weight of chest muscle, weight of thigh muscle in females and dressing percentage, percentage of half eviscerated yield, weight of chest muscle, weight of thigh muscle in males.%选择7日龄的朝鲜鹌鹑300只(公、母各半),在相同管理条件下饲养至38日龄,每周定期称重,并在38日龄时随机抽取150只(公、母各半)进行屠宰,系统分析公、母鹑的体重及主要屠宰性能指标。结果表明,除10日龄体重外,朝鲜母鹌鹑的体重均极显著地高于公鹌鹑(P〈0.01);母鹑的宰前重、放血重、屠体重、半净膛重、全净膛重、半净膛率、胸肌率、腿肌重和胸肌重显著高于公鹑(P〈0.05或P〈0.01);相关分析显示,公、母鹑不同日龄体重间均呈极显著的正相关(P〈0.01);

  15. Regulatory effect of Astragalus Polysaccharides on immune function of mice infected by Brucella suis S2%黄芪多糖对布鲁菌S2株感染小鼠免疫功能的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓曼; 陈志磊; 王少毅; 许振国; 杨瑞强; 张树全; 曹志然

    2014-01-01

    To study the regulating effect of Astragalus Polysaccharides ( APS) to the mice infected by Brucella suis S2.Methods:120 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 4 groups:experimental mice were injected APS 1 ml ( 0.4,1.2,3 mg/ml) via peritoneal cavity respectively once a day and the control group was injected with the same volume of saline for 3 days,then infected with Brucella suis S2 1 ml (1×107 L-1 ) by ip.Five mice of each group were killed through eye bloodletting at 1,6,12,24,48, 72 h respectively post-infection with Brucella suis S 2 and the peritoneal macrophage were obtained respectively to make smear.Phagocytic rate and phagocytic index were calculated by the Wright Giemsa staining after infected 1 h.TNF-α,IL-12 and IFN-γlevels of serum at different time points were measured by ELISA.The bacterial load of MΦand spleen were measured by coating method.Results:The phagocytic rate and phagocytic index of MΦin APS 3 dose groups were higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05 ).The microbial load of MΦin APS 3 dose groups at 1 h infected by Brucella suis S 2 were significantly higher than those of control,but significantly lower than those of control at 6,12,24,48,72 h after infected by Brucella suis S2.The microbial load of spleen in APS 3 dose groups at 6 h infected by Brucella suis S 2 were significantly higher than those of control ,but significantly lower than those of control at 12,24,48,72h after infected by Brucella suis S2.The concentrations of TNF-α,IL-12 and IFN-γin the serum of APS groups had significantly been improved ( P<0.05 ).Conclusion: APS can promote the activation of MΦin vivo and strengthen the activity of phagocytosis and killing to Brucella suis S 2.APS can promote the secretion of TNF-α,IL-12 and IFN-γof mice,strengthen the cellular immune response of mice to Brucella suis S 2.%目的:研究黄芪多糖( APS)对猪布鲁菌S2株感染小鼠免疫功能的调节作用。方法:120只BALB/c小鼠随机分为4组,

  16. High-or Low-Nutrient Level Diets Affect Reproductive Performance, Body Composition and Plasma Biochemical Parameters of Pregnant Huanjiang Mini-Pigs%高、低营养水平饲粮对妊娠环江香猪繁殖性能、体成分和血浆生化参数的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝倩; 姬玉娇; 李华伟; 郭秋平; 孔祥峰

    2016-01-01

    per pen were col⁃lected by cranial vena cava for analyzing biochemical parameters. After sacrificed by bloodletting, the sows were dissected. The fetus number was recorded, and the fetus weight and body composition of sows were deter⁃mined. The results showed that compared with the local⁃pig diet group, the reproductive performance and body composition of sows in NRC diet group were not significantly different ( P>0.05); the plasma glutamic⁃pyru⁃vic transaminase ( GPT) activity at 45 and 75 d of gestation and glutamic oxalacetic transaminase ( GOT) ac⁃tivity at 75 d of gestation in NRC diet group were significantly lower ( P<0.05); the plasma concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol ( LDL⁃C) at 45 d, high density lipoprotein cholesterol ( HDL⁃C) and total cholesterol ( TC) at 75 d, triglyceride ( TG) during 45 to 110 d, as well as the plasma alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity of at 75 d of gestation in NRC diet group were significantly higher (P<0.05). In different pregnant periods, two diets presented different effects on the above⁃mentioned indices. These findings suggest that these two diets have no significant influences on the reproductive performance and body composition of pregnant Huanjiang mini⁃pigs;the NRC diet improves nutrient metabolism and promotes the growth and devel⁃opment, but presents adverse increasing fat deposition in body.

  17. 异丙酚对大鼠脑缺血再灌注损伤时海马解偶联蛋白-2表达的影响%Effects of propofol on hippocampal uncoupling proteln-2 expression after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚思华; 刘丽; 李军; 李文志; 耿英杰

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨异丙酚对大鼠脑缺血再灌注损伤时海马解偶联蛋白-2(ucP-2)表达的影响.方法 健康雄性Wistar大鼠72只,体重250~300 g,随机分为3组,每组24只:对照组(C组)、缺血再灌注组(I/R组)和异丙酚组(P组).采用二血管阻断法建立前脑缺血再灌注模型.C组于暴露双侧颈总动脉后,左侧脑室注射生理盐水1 mg/kg;I/R组脑缺血10 min,再灌注即刻左侧脑室注射生理盐水1 mg/kg;P组脑缺血10 min,再灌注即刻左侧脑室注射异丙酚1 mg/kg.I/R组和P组分别于再灌注即刻、再灌注6、12和24 h(T1-4)时断头取脑分离海马组织.光镜下观察海马组织病理学;RT-PCR法检测海马UCP-2 mRNA表达;免疫组化法检测海马组织UCP-2蛋白表达.结果 与C组比较,I/R组各时点UCP-2 mRNA表达上调(P<0.05);与I/R组比较,P组T2-3时UCP-2 mRNA表达上调,T3时UCP-2蛋白表达上调(P<0.05).P组较I/R组脑组织病理损伤减轻.结论 异丙酚可减轻大鼠脑缺血再灌注损伤,其机制可能与其上调海马组织UCP-2表达有关.%Objective To investigate the effects of propofol on hippecampal uncoupling protein-2 (UCP- 2) expression after forebrain ischemia-reperfusion in rats. Methods Seventy-two male Wistar rats weighing 250- 300 g were randomly divided into 3 groups ( n = 24 each) : Ⅰ control group (C) ; Ⅱ ischemia-reperfnsion group (I/ R) and Ⅲ propofol + I/R (P). The animals were anesthetized with halothane, intuhated and mechanically ventilated. MAP was reduced to 35-45 mm Hg by blood-letting. Forebrain I/R was produced by occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries for 10 min. Normal saline or propofol 1 mg/kg was injected into left lateral cerebral ventricle at the end of 10 min ischemia and beginning of reperfusion. The animals were decapitated, the brains were removed and the hippocampi isolated at 0, 6, 12 and 24 h of reperfusion (T1-4) for microscopic examination with light microscope and determination of the expression of

  18. Effects of alarelin active immunity on FSHR expression and uterine development in ewes%阿拉瑞林免疫对FSHR表达与子宫发育的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏锁成; 巩转娣; 安利峰; 谢坤; 李玉孔

    2013-01-01

    EG-Ⅰ,EG-Ⅱand EG-Ⅲwere subcutaneously injec-ted with 200 μg,300 μg and 400 μg alarelin antigens twice (on day 0 and 14),respectively,in groups EG-Ⅳand EG-Ⅴ were subcutaneously injected with 200 μg and 300 μg alarelin antigens four times ( on day 0 ,7 ,14 and 21),respectively and in control group (CG) were injected subcutaneously with 2. 0 mL solvent twice (on day 0 and 7 ) . The samples of the uterine horns of each ewe were collected aseptically on day 70 after killed by bloodletting from carotid. The FSHR distribution in the uteri was studied by the methods of Immunohistochemistry SP ( streptomyces avidin- peroxidase ) and image analysis, the mirostructure and ultrastructure changes of the uteri were observed under the optical and electron microscope,respectively and the expression of FSHR was de-tected by Western blot. The results showed that the expression of FSHR increased with the increasing of alarelin dose and injection times and the expression levels of FSHR in EG-Ⅲ and EG-Ⅴ were significantly higher than ( P<0. 01) in CG. The FSHR were predominantly concentrated in the cytoplasm and nuclei of the uterine endom-etrial cells and glandular epithelium cells. The gray values of microscopy images in EG-Ⅰ,EG-Ⅱand EG-Ⅲin-creased gradually and were significantly higher in EG-Ⅲand EG-Ⅴthan in CG (P<0. 01). The uterine weights, endometrial epithelium thickness ( EET) and uterine wall thickness ( UWT) in all experimental groups reduced and were significantly lower in EG-Ⅲ and EG-Ⅴ than in CG ( P<0 . 05 ) . The uterine cavities and glandular lu-men volumes narrowed,and the uterine wall became clearly thinner in all experimental groups. The quantities of mitochondria and mitochondria cristaes decreased and the microvilli became shorter,especially in EG-Ⅲ. In con-clusion,alarelin active immunity enhanced distribution of FSHR,promoted the expression of FSHR protein in the uteri of the ewes,changed the mirostructure and ultrastructure of the

  19. Effect of different does of fluid resuscitation on mortality and renal function on early hemorrhagic shock%不同剂量液体复苏对重度失血性休克兔死亡率及肾功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜鹏飞; 胡敏红; 赵会民

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究不同剂理液体复苏对进行性出血性休克兔死亡率及肾功能的影响。方法采用控制性颈动脉放血法建立进行性出血性休克兔模型,随机分为3组(无补液(对照)组、小剂量组和大剂量组),输注0.9%氯化钠溶液与羟乙基淀粉40氯化钠溶液混合复苏液(体积比2:1)。无补液组不输液,小剂量复苏组按失血量1倍输液,速度参照平均动脉压目标值50~60 mmHg调整,大剂量复苏组按失血量2倍输液,速度参照平均动脉压目标值70~80 mmHg调整,于休克0、1、2、3、4 h分别检测血清肌酐水平、平均动脉压(MAP)并比较4 h死亡率及比较肾脏病理切片等情况。结果小剂量组死亡率显著低于无补液组, P<0.01,与大剂量复苏组相比死亡率差异无统计学意义,P>0.05,大剂量组死亡率与对照组相比无统计学意义,P>0.05;小剂量组肌酐(Cr)与对照组、大剂量液体复苏组比较有明显改善,P<0.05;休克模型形成后个时间段MAP各不相同,P<0.05;各组肾脏组织损伤程度各异,差别较明显。结论对进行性出血性休克进行限制性液体复苏有利于降低休克早期死亡率;早期进行小剂量液体复苏可以改善肾功能,更有效的保护脏器功能。%Objective To investigate the effect of limited fluid resuscitation on mortality and renal function in rabbits’uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock. Methods The rabbits’progressive hemorrhagic model were created by adopting the controlling carotid artery bloodletting method before randomly divided them into 3 groups, non-infusion group (control group), limited-infusion group and massive-infusion group. The infusion liquid was formulated of 0.9% sodium chloride solution and hydroxyethyl starch mixture 40 sodium chloride solution (volume than 2:1). Non-infusion group was given no infusion, while the limited-infusion group was given a small doses of

  20. 针刺治疗小儿急性上呼吸道感染高热的近远期疗效观察%A randomized control trial about treating hyperpyrexia of AURI with acupuncture therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志梅; 罗少波

    2011-01-01

    Objective To observe curative effect of acupuncture treating children acute upper respiratory infections (AURI).Methods According to random digits table,150 children from clinic emergency department were averagely bring into a acupuncture treatment group and a western medicine treatment group.Patients in the acupuncture treatment group received the treatments of acupunctureing one side of “SiGuan”points,bloodletting in apex satyri,and reducing temperature with tepid sponge bath; while patients in the western medicine treatment group received the treatments of taking ibuprofen suspension,using external pyretolysis patches on forehead,and reducing temperature with an alcohol sponge bath.After the treatment,the near future therapeutic effects:the time of pyretolysis,fevering again in 24 hours and convulsion time,and the prostecdtive efficacy:the time of cough continuing,AURI happening again in 3 months and recovery time of appetite were both observed.Results The time of pyretolysis,fevering again in 24 hours,convulsion time,the time of cough continuing,recovery time of appetite and AURI happening again in 3 months of acupuncture treatment group was(15.6±5.8) minutes,(12.7±3.3) hours,(0.6±0.1) times,(2.3±1.8) days,(2.4±1.6)days,and (35.2±3.9) days respectively; and the western medicine treatment group was (25.5±7.3) minutes,(8.6±4.1) hours,(2.1±0.5) times (6.2±2.4) days,(3.8±1.5) days,and (18.4±5.2) days respectively.Comparing between the two groups,P<0.05.Conclusion Acupuncture can significantly decrease the time of pyretolysis,cough continuing,recovery time of appetite and convulsion time,and significantly increase the time of fevering again in 24 hours and AURI happening again in 3 months in patients with AURI.%目的 观察针刺治疗小儿急性上呼吸道感染(acute upper respiratory infections,AURI)高热的疗效.方法 将150例患儿按随机数字表法随机分为两组各75例.针刺治疗组采用针刺法针刺单侧四关穴、耳

  1. 穿支血管蒂螺旋桨皮瓣修复足踝部软组织缺损%Perforator pedicled propeller flaps for soft tissue coverage of the lower leg and foot defects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董凯旋; 徐永清; 范新宇; 徐龙江; 苏锡雄; 龙海; 许立奇; 何晓清

    2013-01-01

    caused by car accidents.The wounds and soft tissue defect area were from 2 cm × 8 cm to 5 cm × 20 cm.The course of disease was from 7 days to 60 days.These flaps included terminal branch of the peroneal artery perforator flap in 15 cases,posterior tibia artery perforator flap in 5 cases.The flap size ranged from 5 cm×ll cm to 7 cm×28 cm.The color Doppler ultrasound were used for the locating of all perforator vessel,the caliber diameter of the perforator artery ranged from 0.8 mm to 1.0 mm.Results The coincidence rate intraoperatively of the the color Doppler ultrasound was 96.7%.The donor sites were sutured directly in 12 cases and cured with skin-grafting in 8 cases.One case suffered from venous crisis in 24 hour was cured by the removal of part of the suture and bloodletting.All cases were followed up for 1 month to 18 months,and all flaps survived well and pedicle were smooth with a satisfied appearance.The patient were extremely satisfied with the results for repair.Conclusion The perforator pedicled propeller flap is a simple,without vascular anastomosis,safe and effective.Compared with other pedicle flap,it has more unique advantages for soft tissue coverage of the lower leg and foot defects.

  2. Effect of sevoflurane on expression of aquaporin 8 in intestinal mucosa in a pig model of hemorrhagic shock%七氟醚对失血性休克猪肠黏膜水通道蛋白8表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽晶; 王丽斯; 孙莹杰; 宋丹丹; 刁玉刚; 张铁铮

    2015-01-01

    目的 评价七氟醚对失血性休克猪肠黏膜水通道蛋白8(AQP8)表达的影响.方法 健康成年巴马小型猪24头,雌雄不拘,体重22~ 25 kg,采用随机数字表法分为假手术组(S组)、失血性休克组(HS组)和七氟醚组(PS组),每组8头.S组麻醉后经股动脉和颈内静脉置管;HS组麻醉置管后制备大鼠失血性休克模型;PS组于制备失血性休克模型成功后吸入2%七氟醚30 min.于麻醉前(T0)、失血性休克后0.5、1、1.5、2、3和4h(T1-6)时取颈内静脉血样,采用ELISA法检测血清D-乳酸、肠脂肪酸结合蛋白(I-FABP)的浓度;失血性休克4h后放血处死动物取肠组织制作病理切片,观察病理学结果;称湿重和干重,计算肠水含量,采用ELISA法检测肠黏膜AQP8的表达.结果 与S组比较,HS组和PS组血清D-乳酸、I-FABP浓度、肠黏膜AQP8表达水平及肠水含量升高(P<0.05);与HS组比较,PS组上述指标降低(P<0.05).PS组肠组织病理学损伤较HS组明显减轻.结论 七氟醚可通过抑制AQP8表达降低肠黏膜水肿,从而减轻失血性休克猪肠黏膜损伤.%Objective To evaluate the effect of sevoflurane on the expression of aquaporin 8 (AQP8) in the intestinal mucosa in a pig model of hemorrhagic shock.Methods Twenty-four Bama miniature pigs of both sexes, weighing 22-25 kg, were randomly divided into 3 equal groups using a random number table: sham operation group (group S), hemorrhagic shock group (group HS) and sevoflurane group (group PS).The femoral artery and jugular vein were cannulated for blood pressure monitoring, blood-letting, and blood sampling in anesthetized pigs.Hemorrhagic shock was induced by withdrawing blood from the right femoral artery.Hemorrhagic shock was induced after cannulation in group HS.In group PS, 2% sevoflurane was inhaled for 30 min after the model of hemorrhagic shock was successfully established.Before anesthesia, and at 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3 and 4 h after hemorrhagic shock, blood

  3. 纳米材料对大鼠外周血T淋巴细胞亚群的影响%EFFECT OF NANOMATERIALS ON PERIPHERAL BLOOD T LYMPHOCYTES IN RAT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘焕亮; 袭著革; 张华山; 杨丹凤; 杨红莲; 林治卿; 闫峻; 林本成; 田蕾; 黄洁华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the immunotoxicity induced by nanoparticles of silver,zinc oxide,and titanium dioxide in rats.Methods Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 7 groups, including control group, low and high dose groups of three nanomaterials. The Rats were exposed by intiatracheal instillation once every other day for 5 weeks,and then killed by abdominal aorta bloodletting. The changes of peripheral blood T lymphocytes subset, body weight,organ coefficients of spleen,thymus, liver,and kidney in rats were observed. Results ① CD4+ % in Nano-ZnOH, Nano-AgH, Nano-ZnOL, Nano-AgL group(27.76 % , 28.32 % , 30,68 % , 34,18 % respectively) were lower than in control (33.67%, P 2L, and Nano-AgL group (32.94% ,32.77% ,34.08% ,31.22% ,31.24% ,33.06% respectively) were higher than in control (28.34% , P<0.05);③CD4VCD8+ in Nano-ZnOH,Nano-AgH,Nano-ZnOL,Nano-AgL group(0.84,0.83,0.98,1.03 respectively) were lower than in control(l .34, P <0. 05);④ CD3+ % in Nano-ZnOH, Nano-AgH group(55.13%,55.04%) were lower than in Nano-TiO2H group (63.08% ,P < 0.05 );moreover,CD4+% in Naon-ZnOH, Naon-AgH group were lower than in Nano-TiO2H group ( P < 0.05), and CD4+ % in Nano-ZnOL group was also lower than in Nano-TiOL2, and Nano-AgL group ( P < 0.05 ); CD4+ /CD8 + in Nano-ZnOH group was lower than in Nano-TiO2H group (P < 0.05), that in Nano-AgL group was lower than in Nano-Tio2 group ( P < 0.05). ⑤ The body weight in all nanomaterial groups were lower than in control(P < 0.05), but there was no significant effect on spleen, and thymus coefficient. Conclusion All three nanomaterials can cause damage to rats after exposure, and bring functional disorder and suppression of cellular immunity. However, Nano-Ag and Nano-ZnO have more intense toxic effect than Nano-TiO2.%目的 探讨纳米银(Nano-Ag)、纳米氧化锌(Nano-ZnO)、纳米二氧化钛(Nano-TiO2)对大鼠的免疫毒性效应.方法 将42只雄性Wistar大鼠随机分为小牛血清对照组,以及3

  4. 干细胞培养物表面滴注对豚鼠皮肤重度缺损的修复作用%Surface instillation of stem cell culture in repair of severe skin trauma in guinea pigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈强; 吴新宇; 龚守良

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Stem cells, cells with special function in animals and humans, exist in various tissues. Most of stem cells differentiate into special tissue organs and some of them remain in the status of stem cells for tissue repair. Mesenchymal stem cells were transplanted to burn wounds in some researches for inducing the proliferation and activation of skin stem cells so as to cure burn.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of stem cell culture medium cultured in vitro instilled locally into the severely traumatic skin in guinea pigs on healing time and healing degree of the wound.DESIGN: Random grouping and blank control trial.SETTING: Department of Toxicology, School of Public Health, Jilin University.MATERIALS: Totally 14 adult healthy guinea pigs of either gender weighing 300 to 350 g were recruited.METHODS: The experiment was conducted in the Laboratory of Toxicology Department, School of Public Health, Jilin University, from March to September 2003. Ten guinea pigs were put to death by bloodletting on the neck. The bone marrow was extracted and cultured in unicellular supematant fluid for use. The 14 guinea pigs were made into models of bilateral severe skin trauma.Ten of the guinea pigs were chosen randomly, stem cell culture was instilled into one side of the animals (stem cell group), while the culture medium was instilled into the other side of the animals (culture medium group). The remaining 4 guinea pigs that received no treatment were blank control group.Three days later, transparent lucite was put on the wound every other day for drawing the shape and observing the wound. After the shape was copied onto the transparent lucite, the wound area was worked out on the rectangular coordinate paper and the speed of wound healing was calculated.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Gross observation was performed on the healing status of the wound and average healing time and speed of the guinea pigs in each group.wound healing status of the guinea pigs in each group: At day 3

  5. Experimental study on the immunomodulating effects of Shengmai Injection in severe trauma rats with hemorrhagic shock%生脉注射液对创伤失血性休克大鼠免疫功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘星; 王毅鑫; 苏文利

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the inference on the of Shengmai Injection in T lymphocytes of severe trauma rats with hemorrhagic shock, in order to provide the experiment evidence for immune dysfunction mechanism after using Shengmai Injection. Methods Animal models of severe trauma hemorrhage shock by bloodletting add cutting of femur were mode. In view of the paradox in immune function after severe trauma hemorrhage shock, 30 SD (Sprague-Dawley) rats were divided into normal control group (group A), hemorrhagic shock group (group B) and Shengmai Injection treatment group (group C), each group had 10 rats. Rats of 3 groups were killed after operation in 3 days. The blood routine of rats were detected by automatic blood biochemistry analyzer, T lymphocytes and the content of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ were detected by flow cytome-try. Results Three day after injury, group B compared with group A, rat's WBC and neutrophils obviously rised [(8.890 ± 0.387) ×107L vs (4.230±0.856) ×109L, P = 0], [(26.15±2.97)% vs (16.00±4.53)%, P = 0], lympholeukocyte obviously decreased [(68.57±5.23)% vs (76.617±4.9)%, P = 0.001]. After treatment of Shengmai Injection, the rat's WBC and neutrophils obviously decreased [(6.29±0.758) ×107L vs (8.89±0.387) ×107L, P = 0] [(20.29±3.09)% vs (68.57±5.23)%, P = 0.001], in the same time, lympholeukocyte obviously rised [(74.85 ±4.12)% vs (76.617±4.9)%,P=0.007]. After hemorrhagic shock, group B compared with group A, lympholeukocyte of CD3+, CD4+ antigen presentation expression obviously decreased [CD3+: (31.17±4.00) vs (41.97±2.50), P = 0; CD4+: (10.49±1.42) vs (15.51+3.48), P = 0.003], CD4VCD8+ has decreased [(0.97±0.09) vs (1.19±0.07), P = 0), CD8+ has no change [(17.75±5.94) vs (17.34±3.77), P = 0.997]. After Shengmai Injection, the CD3+, CD4+ antigen presentation expression obviously increased [CD3+: (36.64±5.73) vs (31.17±4.00), P = 0.001; CD4+: (10.49±1.42) vs (13.94±2.02), P = 0.008), CD4+/CD8+ has rised [(1.12±0.03) vs (0.97±0

  6. 灵芝多糖对失血性休克兔肠黏膜屏障功能及肿瘤坏死因子-α的影响%Effects of ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide on intestine mucosal barrier function and tumor necrosis factor-α in rabbits with hemorrhagic shock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨红梅

    2014-01-01

    组,而GLP组较NS组明显降低〔吸光度(A)值:33.350±7.950比85.080±4.330,P<0.05〕;与假手术组比较,NS组和GLP组肠黏膜TNF-α含量较假手术组明显升高,GLP组含量明显低于NS组(A值:96.38±8.59比167.73±12.32,P<0.05)。结论 GLP对失血性休克及复苏救治过程中肠黏膜屏障功能有保护作用,且可能与拮抗TNF-α释放有关。%Objective To observe the effects of ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide(GLP) on intestine mucosal barrier function and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)in hemorrhagic shock rabbits. Methods Thirty healthy Japanese white rabbits were divided into three groups by random number table:sham operation group, resuscitation/reperfusion with normal saline(NS)group(NS group)and resuscitation/reperfusion with GLP group (GLP group). The hemorrhagic shock models were reproduced by being bled from the femoral artery to the mean arterial pressure(MAP)of 30-40 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)within 10 minutes and kept maintaining at this MAP level for 40 minutes. Then,the anti-shock therapy was given. The rabbits in NS group were immediately and quickly resuscitated with reperfusion of their shed blood and intravenous drip of NS in a volume equal to 2-fold of the volume of the shed blood. The rabbits in GLP group were dealt with the same means as NS group except NS was replaced by 1%GLP. The rabbits in sham operation group were only cannulated and maintained in a status of blood pressure measurement,but without bloodletting and resuscitation. The TNF-α content,the number of positive bacterial culture of blood bacteria were observed at the time before shock(S0),40 minutes after shock(S40)and 40 minutes and 90 minutes after resuscitation/reperfusion(R40,R90),respectively in the three groups. The serum endotoxin level and the TNF-αcontent in intestinal mucosa were examined at R90. Under the light microscopy,the pathological changes of intestinal mucosa were examined,and the score of the mucosal