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Sample records for bloodletting

  1. Treatment by bloodletting in the past and present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čolović Nataša

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Therapeutic bloodletting has been practiced at least 3000 years as one of the most frequent methods of treatment in general, whose value was not questioned until the 19th century, when it was gradually abandoned in Western medicine, while it is still practiced in Arabic and traditional Chinese medicine. Content. In modern medicine bloodletting is practiced for very few indications. Its concept was modeled on the process of menstrual bleeding, for which it was believed to “purge women of bad humours.” Thus, bloodletting was based more on the belief that it helps in the reestablishment of proper balance of body “humours” than on the opinion that it serves to remove excessive amount of blood as well as to remove toxic “pneumas” that accumulate in human body. It was indicated for almost all known diseases, even in the presence of severe anemia. Bloodletting was carried out by scarification with cupping, by phlebotomies (venesections, rarely by arteriotomies, using specific instruments called lancets, as well as leeches. In different periods of history bloodletting was practiced by priests, doctors, barbers, and even by amateurs. In most cases, between one half of liter and two liters of blood used to be removed. Bloodletting was harmful to vast majority of patients and in some of them it is believed that it was either fatal or that it strongly contributed to such outcome. In the 20th century in the “Western” medicine bloodletting was still practiced in the treatment of hypertension and in severe cardiac insufficiency and pulmonary edema, but these indications were later abandoned. Conclusion. Bloodletting is still indicated for a few indications such as polycythemia, haemochromatosis, and porphyria cutanea tarda, while leeches are still used in plastic surgery, replantation and other reconstructive surgery, and very rarely for other specific indications.

  2. Treatment by bloodletting in the past and present

    OpenAIRE

    Čolović Nataša; Leković Danijela; Gotić Mirjana

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Therapeutic bloodletting has been practiced at least 3000 years as one of the most frequent methods of treatment in general, whose value was not questioned until the 19th century, when it was gradually abandoned in Western medicine, while it is still practiced in Arabic and traditional Chinese medicine. Content. In modern medicine bloodletting is practiced for very few indications. Its concept was modeled on the process of menstrual bleeding, ...

  3. Self-Bloodletting: An Unusual Form of Self-Mutilation in Adolescence

    OpenAIRE

    Dursun, Onur Burak; Tas, Fatma Varol; Guvenir, Taner

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce an adolescent suffering from a rare form of self-mutilation, “self-bloodletting”, and discuss dynamics of this maladaptive behavior. Deliberate bloodletting is a rare, but not unheard of, form of self-mutilation associated with eating and personality disorders. Although there are already several case reports in the adult psychiatry literature regarding the clinical features of Lasthenie de Ferjol Syndrome or factitious anemia, this is the first reported adolescent ...

  4. Therapeutic Effect Observation on Treatment of Acne with Acupuncture plus Moving Cupping and Blood-letting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Qi-fang; WANG Guo-yan; HAN Chou-ping

    2008-01-01

    目的:观察针刺配合刺络走罐治疗痤疮的疗效.方法:将60例痤疮患者随机分为两组,治疗组采用针刺配合刺络走罐;对照组采用针刺治疗,两组均治疗30天后观察疗效.结果:治疗组总有效率明显高于对照组(P<0.05).结论:针刺配合刺络走罐治疗痤疮能有效提高该病的有效率.%Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect on treatment of acne with acupuncture plus moving cupping and blood-letting. Method: Sixty acne cases were randomized into the treatment group for combined acupuncture and moving cupping and blood-letting and control group for acupuncture alone. The therapeutic effects of the cases in the two groups were observed after a 30-day treatment. Result: The total effective rate was significantly higher in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The combined acupuncture and moving cupping and blood-letting can effectively increase the effective rate in the treatment of acne.

  5. Neuroprotective effects of bloodletting atJing points combined with mild induced hypothermia in acute severe traumatic brain injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue Tu; Xiao-mei Miao; Tai-long Yi; Xu-yi Chen; Hong-tao Sun; Shi-xiang Cheng; Sai Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Bloodletting atJing points has been used to treat coma in traditional Chinese medicine. Mild induced hypothermia has also been shown to have neuroprotective effects. However, the therapeutic effects of bloodletting atJing points and mild induced hypothermia alone are limited. Therefore, we investigated whether combined treatment might have clinical effectiveness for the treatment of acute severe trau-matic brain injury. Using a rat model of traumatic brain injury, combined treatment substantially alleviated cerebral edema and blood-brain barrier dysfunction. Furthermore, neurological function was ameliorated, and cellular necrosis and the inlfammatory response were lessened. These ifndings suggest that the combined effects of bloodletting atJing points (20 µL, twice a day, for 2 days) and mild induced hypothermia (6 hours) are better than their individual effects alone. Their combined application may have marked neuroprotective effects in the clinical treatment of acute severe traumatic brain injury.

  6. Neuroprotective effects of bloodletting at Jing points combined with mild induced hypothermia in acute severe traumatic brain injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Yue; Miao, Xiao-mei; Yi, Tai-long; Chen, Xu-yi; Sun, Hong-tao; Cheng, Shi-xiang; Zhang, Sai

    2016-01-01

    Bloodletting at Jing points has been used to treat coma in traditional Chinese medicine. Mild induced hypothermia has also been shown to have neuroprotective effects. However, the therapeutic effects of bloodletting at Jing points and mild induced hypothermia alone are limited. Therefore, we investigated whether combined treatment might have clinical effectiveness for the treatment of acute severe traumatic brain injury. Using a rat model of traumatic brain injury, combined treatment substantially alleviated cerebral edema and blood-brain barrier dysfunction. Furthermore, neurological function was ameliorated, and cellular necrosis and the inflammatory response were lessened. These findings suggest that the combined effects of bloodletting at Jing points (20 μL, twice a day, for 2 days) and mild induced hypothermia (6 hours) are better than their individual effects alone. Their combined application may have marked neuroprotective effects in the clinical treatment of acute severe traumatic brain injury.

  7. Thirty-two Cases of Acne Treated with Blood-letting Puncture,Cupping and Chinese-Drug Facemask

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    To observe the therapeutic effect on acne treated with blood-letting puncture, cupping and Chinese-drug facemask. Thirty-two patients with acne were treated with above-mentioned therapeutic method. Cure,improvement and ineffectiveness were respectively found in 24, 7 and 1 case, with a curative rate of 75.0% and a total effective rate of 96.8%. The combination of blood-letting puncture, cupping and external application of Chinese-drug facemask is effective in treating acne.

  8. CLINICAL OBSERVATION ON TREATMENT OF 106 CASES OF ACNE WITH BLOOD-LETTING THERAPY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵慧玲

    2001-01-01

    Acne or common acne is termed as "Fen Ci" (粉刺) or "Fei Feng Fen Ci"(肺风粉刺)in traditional Chinese medicine. It is a common dermatosis in adolescence, characterized as needle-tip- or millet-like skin rashes with or without black heads sparsely distributing on the face,chest and back. If treated improperly, the rash-es will form abscess or scars to spoil the patient's looks. The author of the present paper adopted blood-letting therapy to treat it and achieved satisfied results. Here is the report.

  9. Effect of Blood-letting Puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand on Consciousness and Heart Rate in Patients with Apoplexy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yi; Wang Xiuyun; Xu Tangping; Dai Zhihua; Li Yunchen

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effect of blood-letting puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand on consciousness and heart rate in patients with early apoplexy. Method: Under observation were patients with disturbance of consciousness within 3 days after the apoplectic seizure. The patients were divided into a large injury team, a moderate injury team and a mild injury team. Each team was again randomly divided into a puncture group and a control group, with routine treatment in both groups but bloodletting puncture only in the puncture group. Quantitative changes in consciousness, blood pressure and heart rate of the patients were observed. Result: Blood-letting puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand can improve the consciousness and raise the systolic pressure in patients of the mild injury team, and accelerate the heart rate in all the patients in the puncture group. Conclusion: Blood-letting puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand can improve the consciousness of patients with brain injury in small area.

  10. Blood-letting punctures at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand can treat cerebral ischemia in a similar manner to mannitol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuan Lu; Zelin Chen; Yi Guo; Liang Gao; Liyuan Jiang; Zhongzheng Li; Jianqiao Fang

    2013-01-01

    A rat model of middle cerebral artery permanent occlusion was established using the modified Longa method. Successfully established model animals were treated by blood-letting puncture at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand, and/or by injecting mannitol into the caudal vein twice daily. Brain tissue was collected at 24, 48 and 72 hours after modeling, and blood was collected through the retinal vein before Evans blue was injected, approximately 1 hour prior to harvesting of brain tissue. Results showed that Evans blue leakage into brain tissue and serum nitric oxide synthase activity were significantly increased in model rats. Treatment with blood-letting punctures at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand and/or injection of mannitol into the caudal vein reduced the amount of Evans blue leakage into the brain tissue and serum nitric oxide synthase activity to varying degrees. There was no significant difference between single treatment and combined treatment. Experimental findings indicate that blood-letting punctures at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand can decrease blood-brain barrier permeability and serum nitric oxide synthase activity in rats following middle cerebral artery occlusion, and its effect is similar to that of mannitol injection alone and Jing-Well points plus mannitol injection.

  11. Analysis of Bloodletting Methods Recorded in Huang Di Nei Jing and Si Bu Yi Dian%《黄帝内经》与《四部医典》放血方法探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仁增多杰; 娘毛加; 仁青东主; 洛桑东智

    2015-01-01

    放血疗法是各传统医学内病外治的重要手段之一。通过分析中医学和藏医学经典著作即《黄帝内经》与《四部医典》中放血指征、放血工具和操作方法的特点,指出了两种医学不尽相同的放血指征,阐明了不同放血工具的种类和理论根据,详述了不同放血方法选择的依据,为中藏医放血疗法的相互借鉴与融合提供了一定的理论支撑。%Bloodletting therapy is one of the important methods in various traditional medicines. By analyzing the features of bloodletting indicators, apparatuses and methods recorded by the classics of traditional Chinese medicine and Tibetan medicine, i.e. Huang Di Nei Jing (Internal Canon of Yellow Emperor) and Si Bu Yi Dian (Four Medical Tantras), this article pointed out the different indexes for bloodletting therapy in the two traditional medicine systems, elucidated the varied apparatuses and theories, as well as the evidences for selecting different bloodletting methods, providing theoretical supports for sharing and combining the bloodletting methods of the two traditional medicine systems.

  12. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Puncturing and Bloodletting at Twelve Hand Jing Points to Treat Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning as Adjunct to First Aid Treatment: A Study Protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yue, Ying; Pan, Xingfang; Zhang, Sai; Jin, Jun; Wang, Wei; Wang, Dongqiang; Han, Dexin; Wang, Guirong; Hu, Qunliang; Kang, Jingqing; Ding, Shasha; Yang, Yi; Bu, Huaien; Guo, Yi

    2015-01-01

    Background. Acute carbon monoxide poisoning (ACOP) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in many countries. Twelve Hand Jing Points (THJP) have been believed to be effective to treat all kinds of emergency calls in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for more than 3000 years. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of THJP in curing acute carbon monoxide poisoning in first aid treatment. This paper reports the protocol of the trial. Methods/Design. This RCT is a multicenter, randomized, controlled study undergoing in China. The compliant patients are divided into the bloodletting group and standard of care group. With first aid treatments given to both of the groups, the bloodletting group is bleeding at THJP upon being hospitalized. Primary outcomes and secondary outcomes will be measured and compared between these two groups. Before treatment, immediately after treatment, and 30 minutes, 1 hour, and 4 hours after treatment, patients' basic vital signs and state of consciousness were observed. Before treatment and 1 and 4 hours after treatment, carboxyhemoglobin concentration in venous blood samples was detected. Discussion. The objective of this study is to provide convincing evidence to clarify the efficacy and safety of THJP for early treatment of acute carbon monoxide poisoning. PMID:26339271

  13. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Puncturing and Bloodletting at Twelve Hand Jing Points to Treat Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning as Adjunct to First Aid Treatment: A Study Protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Yue

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Acute carbon monoxide poisoning (ACOP is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in many countries. Twelve Hand Jing Points (THJP have been believed to be effective to treat all kinds of emergency calls in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM for more than 3000 years. This randomized controlled trial (RCT is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of THJP in curing acute carbon monoxide poisoning in first aid treatment. This paper reports the protocol of the trial. Methods/Design. This RCT is a multicenter, randomized, controlled study undergoing in China. The compliant patients are divided into the bloodletting group and standard of care group. With first aid treatments given to both of the groups, the bloodletting group is bleeding at THJP upon being hospitalized. Primary outcomes and secondary outcomes will be measured and compared between these two groups. Before treatment, immediately after treatment, and 30 minutes, 1 hour, and 4 hours after treatment, patients’ basic vital signs and state of consciousness were observed. Before treatment and 1 and 4 hours after treatment, carboxyhemoglobin concentration in venous blood samples was detected. Discussion. The objective of this study is to provide convincing evidence to clarify the efficacy and safety of THJP for early treatment of acute carbon monoxide poisoning.

  14. Treating 43 cases of Ankle sprain by local bloodletting plus external application of Quyu powder%局部放血疗法加祛瘀散外敷治疗踝关节扭伤43例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昆鹏

    2013-01-01

      目的:观察局部放血疗法加祛瘀散外敷治疗踝关节扭伤的疗效。方法:踝关节扭伤43例,采用局部放血疗法结合祛瘀散外敷法,治疗1次/d。结果:治愈27例,显效16例。总有效率100%。结论:局部放血疗法加祛瘀散外敷治疗踝关节扭伤起效快,疗效好。%  Objectives: To observe the clinical effect on treating ankle sprain with local bloodletting combined with external application of Quyu powder. Methods:43 patients of ankle sprain were treated by local bloodletting combined with external application of Quyu powder, one time a day. Results: 27 patients were cured, 15 cases were significantly effective. The total efficiency was 100%. Conclusion:Local bloodletting combined with external application of Quyu powder in the treatment of ankle sprain fast onset of action efficacy.

  15. Treating one case of intractable insomnia by acupuncture, bloodletting in auricular point plus sharp-eared%针刺、耳穴配合耳尖放血治愈顽固性失眠1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕; 陈华德

    2012-01-01

      With the accelerating pace of biochemical, various pressure is unexpected. The Insomnia becomes a common clinical disease. Acupuncture, bloodletting in auricular point plus sharp-eared is effective in treating insomnia.%  随着生化节奏的不断加快,各种压力突如其来,失眠成为临床常见疾病。运用针刺、耳穴配合耳尖放血治疗失眠取得良好地疗效。

  16. 音乐疗法在健康管理中心抽血室的妙用%The Magical Effect of Music Therapy in the Bloodletting Room of Health Management Centre

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡翠玉

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To al eviate pain and irritable mood of examination customers when exsanguinated through music therapy. Methods: Questionnaires were used for examination customers. Results:Questionnaires show that 90%of customers expressed satisfaction with music therapy in the bloodlet ing room. Conclusion:Music therapy used for examination customers in the bloodlet ing room of health management centre had achieved expected results,and the mood of tension and irritability of customers were eliminated in psychological or physiological aspect.%目的通过音乐疗法,减轻体检客户抽血时带来的疼痛不适和烦燥情绪。方法对前来体检客户采用问卷式调查方式。结果90%客户对抽血室采取音乐疗法表示满意。结论健康体检中心抽血室对前来体检的客户采用音乐疗法,达到预期效果,不管是从心理或生理上都给客户消除紧张、烦燥情绪,达到理想效果。

  17. The Magical Effect of Music Therapy in the Bloodletting Room of Health Management Centre%音乐疗法在健康管理中心抽血室的妙用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡翠玉

    2013-01-01

    目的通过音乐疗法,减轻体检客户抽血时带来的疼痛不适和烦燥情绪。方法对前来体检客户采用问卷式调查方式。结果90%客户对抽血室采取音乐疗法表示满意。结论健康体检中心抽血室对前来体检的客户采用音乐疗法,达到预期效果,不管是从心理或生理上都给客户消除紧张、烦燥情绪,达到理想效果。%Objective: To al eviate pain and irritable mood of examination customers when exsanguinated through music therapy. Methods: Questionnaires were used for examination customers. Results:Questionnaires show that 90%of customers expressed satisfaction with music therapy in the bloodlet ing room. Conclusion:Music therapy used for examination customers in the bloodlet ing room of health management centre had achieved expected results,and the mood of tension and irritability of customers were eliminated in psychological or physiological aspect.

  18. 刺络拔罐对单纯性肥胖患者血清胰岛素水平的影响%Effect of Bloodletting Cupping on the Serum Insulin Level in Simple Obesity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锋; 朱洁; 孟信铎

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察刺络拔罐对单纯性肥胖患者血清胰岛素水平的影响。方法将50例单纯性肥胖患者随机分为治疗组和对照组,每组25例。治疗组采用刺络拔罐治疗,对照组采用口服盐酸西布曲明治疗。治疗2个疗程后评价两组减肥疗效,并比较两组患者治疗前后血清胰岛素的含量。结果治疗组总有效率为88.0%,对照组为80.0%,两组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。两组治疗后血清胰岛素含量与同组治疗前比较,差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。治疗组治疗后血清胰岛素含量与对照组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论刺络拔罐能明显改善单纯性肥胖患者血清胰岛素水平。%Objective To observe the effect of bloodletting cupping on the serum insulin level in patients with simple obesity. Methods Fifty simple obesity patients were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 25 in each group. The treatment group was intervened by bloodletting cupping, while the control group was by oral administration of Sibutramine Hydrochloride. The efficacy for losing weight and the serum insulin level were evaluated and compared before intervention and after 2 treatment courses. Results The total effective rate was 88.0%in the treatment group versus 80.0%in the control group, and the difference was statistically insignificant (P>0.05). The serum insulin levels were changed significantly in both groups after intervention (P<0.05). After intervention, there was a significant difference in comparing the serum insulin level between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion Bloodletting cupping can significantly improve the serum insulin level in patients with simple obesity.

  19. CLINICAL OBSERVATION ABOUT THE EFFECT OF BLOOD-LETTING OF JING-POINTS ON CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW IN STROKE PATIENTS AT THE EARLY STAGE AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON ITS MECHANISMS IN THE RABBIT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiuyun; REN Shusheng; GUO Yi; ZHOU Guoping; ZHOU Zhiliang; PAN Rongqing; XU Tangping; LI Qing; WANG Xin; REN Huanzhong

    2002-01-01

    In this paper,the authors sum their research resuits about the effect of blood-letting of Jing(Well)-point on cerebral blood flow both in stroke patients and in experimental cerebral ischemia,cerebral hematoma and hypertension rabbits.In 30cases of stroke (cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction)patients,blood flow state of the anterior cerebral artery(ACA),middle cerebral artery(MCA)and the posterior cerebral artery (PCA), and the blood flow velocity of the bilateral vertebral artery (VA)and the basil artery(BA)are determined before and afterpricking blood of the Twelve Jing-points.In experimental cerebral ischernia (by occlusion of the common carotid ertery) rabbits ,cerebral hematoma model rabbits and intravenous injection of noradrenaline induced hypertension rabbits, rheoencephalogram(REC) is detected before and after blood letting of the twelve"Jing -points.In these 30stroke patients,ultrasound Doppler examination's results show that in 22 cases (73.33%) whose blood flow velocity decreases,after blood-letting of the 12 Jing-points, it ncreases significantly(P< 0.01); in the rest 8 cases (26.67%) whose blood flow velocity speeds up,after treatment,it decreases evidently(P<tly (P< 0.01), showing a good dual-directional regulative effect of blood -letting therapy.In experimental cerebral ischemia rabbits,cerebral hematoma rabbits and hypertension rabbits whose REG lowers in the amplitude apparently ( P < 0.01 ), after blood letting stimulation of the 12 Jing-points, it increases at different degrees.Three patterns of stimulation as blood letting stimulation, pain stimulation and Jing-point stimulation, also the 3factors of blood-letting,may contribute to their effect on improvement of the cerebral blood flow.Somatic affterent nerve,sympathetic nerve of the vasular wall,central cholinergic nerve(M receptors)and adrenergic nerve (α receptors) participate in the effect of blood letting on cerebral blood flow.

  20. Therapeutic Observation of Acupuncture-moxibustion plus Bloodletting for Chronic Ankle Sprain%针灸配合刺血疗法治疗陈旧性踝关节扭伤疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢振中

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture-moxibustion plus bloodletting in treating chronic ankle sprain.Method Sixty-six patients with chronic ankle sprain were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 33 in each group. The treatment group was intervened by acupuncture with distal points plus warm needling and bloodletting method in the topical area; the control group was by warm needling plus ultrashort wave applied to the topical area. The ankle joint symptom and sign score was evaluated before and after intervention, and the clinical efficacies were compared between the two groups.Result The recovery-markedly-effective rate in the treatment group was 51.6%, 74.2%, and 93.5% respectively after 1, 2, and 3 treatment courses, versus 26.7%, 46.7%, and 70.0% in the control group, and the between-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion Acupuncture-moxibustion is an effective method in treating chronic ankle sprain.%目的:观察针灸配合刺血疗法治疗陈旧性踝关节扭伤的临床疗效。方法将66例陈旧性踝关节扭伤患者随机分为治疗组和对照组,每组33例。治疗组采用针刺远端取穴配合局部温针灸及刺血疗法治疗,对照组采用局部温针灸配合超短波治疗。观察两组患者治疗前后踝关节症状体征评分,比较两组临床疗效。结果治疗组治疗1、2、3个疗程后愈显率分别为51.6%、74.2%和93.5%,对照组分别为26.7%、46.7%和70.0%,两组比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论针灸配合刺血疗法是一种治疗陈旧性踝关节扭伤的有效方法。

  1. One hundred and twenty cases of migraine treated by acupuncture on Zúlínqì(足临泣 GB 41)and bloodletting therapy on Ashi points%针刺足临泣配阿是穴放血治疗偏头痛120例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊富; ZHANG Yi

    2010-01-01

    @@ Migraine is a frequently encountered disease which may affect the work,study and daily life of the patient.It is proved of little avail of treatments with medication,acupuncture or other therapies on most of the patients.With high ratio of recurrence,it is very difficult to be completely cured.The author of the article has treated 120 cases of migraine with acupuncture on Zúlínqì(足临泣GB 41)and bloodletting therapy on Ashi points.The experience is now shared as the follows.

  2. 蒙医枕骨脉拔罐放血配合蒙药治疗颈性眩晕疗效观察*%Curative Effect Observation on Cervical Vertigo Treatment with Bloodletting Therapy on Occipital Vein and Mongolian Drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    This study was aimed to observe curative effect on the treatment of cervical vertigo with bloodletting therapy and cupping therapy on the occipital vein. A total of 62 cervical vertigo cases were enrolled from both the outpatient department and inpatient department and were randomly divided into two groups. In the treatment group, vacuum cup was applied as soon as the occipital veins of both sides were pricked with the three-edged needle. Mongolian drugs were administered orally in combination. In the control group, methanesulfonic acid be-tahistine tablet was administered orally. The results showed that both the cure rate and total effective rate of the treatment group are higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). And there is statistical difference. It was concluded that the curative effect on cervical vertigo of bloodletting combined with cupping therapy on occipital vein is certain and it has become a better natural therapy in the treatment of cervical vertigo patients.%  目的:观察枕骨脉放血配合拔罐治疗颈性眩晕的疗效。方法:收集门诊或住院的颈性眩晕患者62例,随机分为两组,治疗组用三棱针在双侧枕骨脉点刺后立即在此部位加真空拔罐给予负压治疗,同时配合口服蒙药治疗。对照组口服甲磺酸倍他司汀片。结果:治疗组的治愈率及总有效率均明显高于对照组(P约0.05)。结论:枕骨脉放血配合拔罐治疗颈性眩晕疗效确切,是治疗颈性眩晕的一种较好的自然疗法。

  3. 放血疗法治疗犬真性红细胞增多症%The Bloodletting Therapy Treats the Dog Real Red Blood Cell Increase

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖啸; 杨继生; 沈学文; 严达伟

    2008-01-01

    真性红细胞增多症(polycythemia vera,PV)是由于多能造血细胞干细胞克隆性异常,导致红细胞异常增殖为主的一种慢性骨髓性疾病,作者用放血疗法为主,辅助治疗为辅,对12例犬真性红细胞增多症进行治疗,结果治愈10例,治愈率为83%,2例由于治疗不及时而死亡,说明放血疗法对犬真性红细胞增多症治疗效果显著.

  4. One Hundred and Eighty-nine Cases of Acute Articular Soft Tissue Injury Treated by Blood-letting Puncture with Plum-blossom Needle and Cupping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dai Erqing; Li Haiying; Zhao Zhankao

    2005-01-01

    @@ Acute articular soft tissue injury, a frequently encountered disease, is often clinically treated with analgesics, Chinese drugs for relaxing muscles and tendons to promote blood circulation, physiotherapy and acupuncture. These therapies can achieve certain curative effects, however, there is a longer course of treatment and some cases even have sequela particularly in such weight-carrying joints as the ankle joint and the knee joint. The therapeutic method of blood letting puncture with plum-blossom needle and cupping is adopted to treat this disease with satisfactory therapeutic effect. The results are reported as follows.

  5. EMERGENCY NURSING OF POLYCYTHEMIA VERA BLOOD CLOTS CAUSED BY THE IMPLEMENTATION OF BLOODLETTING%1例真性红细胞增多症放血疗法引起血管栓塞的急救护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王灿辉

    2010-01-01

    @@ 真性红细胞增多症(polycythemia vera,PV)是一种克隆性红细胞系统异常增多为主的慢性骨髓增生性疾病,临床特征为红细胞和全血容量绝对增多,血粘滞度增高,常伴有白细胞和血小板增多.可因此而引起头痛、头昏、疲乏等表现,同时易并发脑动脉冠状动脉梗塞以及肠系膜、肝、脾、和门静脉系处血栓形成,当血小板功能紊乱时可引起出血,临床上放血疗法为一种常用的降低红细胞容量与减轻症状的治疗手段,我科多次为真性红细胞增多症患者实施放血疗法,效果良好,仅于2009年发生1例放血过程中出现血管栓塞表现,本文将相关急救配合及护理经验进行总结,现报告如下.

  6. THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF WARM NEEDLING PLUS BLOODLETTING AND CUPPING FOR PAIN IN KNEE JOINTS%温针灸配合刺络拔罐治疗膝关节痛疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋守江

    2007-01-01

    @@ Clinically, pain in knee joints is commonly encountered, and it is often intractable. The knee joint pain treated in the present study included the cases induced by rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, senile osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis, synovitis, meniscus injury, and medial and lateral paraligament injury.

  7. 耳穴针刺配合刺络拔罐治疗踝关节扭伤30例%30 cases of treating ankle sprain with auricular point acupuncture and blood-letting puncture and cupping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉香

    2011-01-01

    @@ 踝关节扭伤是临床上的常见病症,多是由于跑跳、行走、运动姿势不当引起,外踝损伤多见,治疗上多采用踝关节制动、解痉消肿等药物治疗[1].我们于2007-03-2009-12采用耳穴针刺配合局部刺络拔罐治疗本病,现报告如下.

  8. CLINICAL APPLICATION OF “TWELVE WELL-POINTS” IN EMERGENCY TREATMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段功保

    2000-01-01

    In many years' clinical practice, I used blood-letting method of “Twelve Well-points” to treat emergencies as coma, syncope, acute infantile convulsion, wind-stroke syndrome, hysteria, epilepsy, etc. and have achieved immediate results.

  9. OUTLINE OF RESEARCHES ON RAKTAMOKSHANA

    OpenAIRE

    Sathish HS.; Baghel MS; Bhuyan C; Vaghela DB; Narmada MG; Mithun B

    2013-01-01

    Raktamokshana in other words, Bloodletting is a kind of Para surgery directed for the treatment of specifically Raktaja roga (blood born diseases) along with other many surgical diseases. Many research works are being carried out across the world on various disorders. The aim of this study was to know the trend and pattern of the academic research works carried out at different Ayurvedic institutions across India on the Bloodletting and to provide the guidelines for further research works in ...

  10. The History, Mechanism, and Clinical Application of Auricular Therapy in Traditional Chinese Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Pu-Wei Hou; Hsin-Cheng Hsu; Yi-Wen Lin; Nou-Ying Tang; Chin-Yi Cheng; Ching-Liang Hsieh

    2015-01-01

    Auricular therapy includes acupuncture, electroacupuncture, acupressure, lasering, cauterization, moxibustion, and bloodletting in the auricle. For 2500 years, people have employed auricular therapy for treating diseases, but the methods have been limited to bloodletting and cauterization. Only after 1957, the international scientific community became aware that the map of the ear resembles an inverted fetus, its introduction has led to auricular acupuncture (AA) becoming a more systemic appr...

  11. Has keen ears bloodletting coordination back Yu Xue to walk the pot treatment to lose sleep 78 example curative effect observation%耳尖放血配合背俞穴走罐治疗失眠78例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连福纯

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察和验证耳尖放血配合背俞穴走罐治疗失眠的临床疗效.方法:将78例失眠患者随机分入观察组和对照组各39例,观察组通过耳尖放血配合背俞穴走罐治疗,对照组取常规穴位平补平泻,比较两组治疗后的效果.结果:观察组治愈率为71.8%,对照组治愈率为46.1 %,差别有显著性意义(P<0.05).结论:耳尖放血配合背俞穴走罐治疗失眠优于常规取穴法.

  12. 《黄帝内经》与《四部医典》放血疗法适宜病证初探%Study on disease and syndrome suitable for bloodletting therapy in The Yellow Emperor's Canon of Internal Medicine and Four Medical Tantras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仁增多杰; 娘毛加; 仁青东主

    2015-01-01

    通过对《黄帝内经》和《四部医典》放血疗法适宜病证的比较研究,发现《黄帝内经》刺血疗法主治40余个病种,以“虚实辨证”为依据,适用于实证和部分虚实夹杂的病证.《四部医典》放血疗法主治63种疾病,以“寒热辨证”为根本,适用于热性疾病、夹杂隆和培根病的热证.认为总结适宜病证,扩大主治范围,推广临床应用是放血疗法发展面临的主要问题,不同医学体系之间的相互学习是放血疗法发展和推广的关键所在.

  13. Clinical Application of Acupuncture Techniques Based on the Principle of Removing Blood Stasis%基于“菀陈则除之”原则相关刺法的临床运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈骥; 任玉兰; 杨洁; 梁繁荣

    2012-01-01

    The principle of removing blood stasis was the discourse on removing blood stasis by acupuncture, which has been significantly influential to the later generations. Taking the five needling techniques based on this classical principle including point bloodletting,collateral bloodletting,scattered pricking to induce bleeding,flicking bloodletting,and cupping following collateral bloodletting as the entry points,this paper is to review their manipulating techniques,the main indications,and to make an o-verall assessment on their efficacy as well as to put forward questions in need of further research.%“菀陈则除之”是《黄帝内经》有关针刺活血化瘀治则的重要论述,对后世影响深远.试从该原则指导下临床常见的点刺、络刺、散刺、挑刺、刺络拔罐五种刺法入手,介绍各刺法的操作手法和主治病症,评价其疗效并提出需要进一步研究明确的问题.

  14. The History, Mechanism, and Clinical Application of Auricular Therapy in Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pu-Wei Hou

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Auricular therapy includes acupuncture, electroacupuncture, acupressure, lasering, cauterization, moxibustion, and bloodletting in the auricle. For 2500 years, people have employed auricular therapy for treating diseases, but the methods have been limited to bloodletting and cauterization. Only after 1957, the international scientific community became aware that the map of the ear resembles an inverted fetus, its introduction has led to auricular acupuncture (AA becoming a more systemic approach, and, following the identification and standardization of more precise points, AA has been employed in clinical applications. The mechanisms of AA are considered to have a close relationship with the autonomic nervous system, the neuroendocrine system, neuroimmunological factors, neuroinflammation, and neural reflex, as well as antioxidation. Auricular therapy has been applied, for example, for pain relief, for the treatment of epilepsy, anxiety, and obesity, and for improving sleep quality. However, the mechanisms and evidence for auricular therapy warrant further study.

  15. The History, Mechanism, and Clinical Application of Auricular Therapy in Traditional Chinese Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Pu-Wei; Hsu, Hsin-Cheng; Lin, Yi-Wen; Tang, Nou-Ying; Cheng, Chin-Yi; Hsieh, Ching-Liang

    2015-01-01

    Auricular therapy includes acupuncture, electroacupuncture, acupressure, lasering, cauterization, moxibustion, and bloodletting in the auricle. For 2500 years, people have employed auricular therapy for treating diseases, but the methods have been limited to bloodletting and cauterization. Only after 1957, the international scientific community became aware that the map of the ear resembles an inverted fetus, its introduction has led to auricular acupuncture (AA) becoming a more systemic approach, and, following the identification and standardization of more precise points, AA has been employed in clinical applications. The mechanisms of AA are considered to have a close relationship with the autonomic nervous system, the neuroendocrine system, neuroimmunological factors, neuroinflammation, and neural reflex, as well as antioxidation. Auricular therapy has been applied, for example, for pain relief, for the treatment of epilepsy, anxiety, and obesity, and for improving sleep quality. However, the mechanisms and evidence for auricular therapy warrant further study. PMID:26823672

  16. 针灸治疗风疹的体会%Experience on treatment of rubella by acupuncture and moxibustion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳

    2015-01-01

    Professor WANG Yin in Guang’an Gate Hospital treated rubella by bloodletting through acupuncture and cupping in order to expelling wind and relieving itching. The treatment and study experience of 2 cases was summarized as follow.%在广安门医院进修期间,跟随王寅教授,其用针刺、刺络放血、拔罐的方法治疗风疹,从而达到祛风止痒的目的。现将2病例的治疗及学习体会总结如下。

  17. [Experiences in prevention and treatment of human rabies with acupuncture and moxibustion in ancient time].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Dao-Pi; Chen, Jia-Zhi

    2011-03-01

    By consulting the literatures relevant with the prevention and treatment of human rabies from Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, it was discovered that rabies was caused by wind toxin in mad dog injuring human being. The pathogenesis of rabies was the invasion of dog toxin into the heart. The latent period was ranged from 7 to 100 days. Acupuncture-moxibustion, bloodletting, cupping and other therapies could be used in treatment. But of those different therapies, the various moxibustion methods achieved unique efficacy on the disease. PMID:21644321

  18. Oxytocin and the augmentation of labor : Human and medical perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, P

    1993-12-01

    At least a third of the women giving birth in the United States receive intravenous oxytocin for the induction and augmentation of labor. The problem of inactive or ineffective labor remains a major challenge for birth attendants, midwives, and physicians who practice obstetrics. Before the discovery of oxytocin, traditional approaches to augmentation ranged from magical and folk interventions to extensive bloodletting. Despite its wide use the effectiveness of oxytocin augmentation has not been well studied, and current research raises new questions about its effect on the brain. PMID:24214403

  19. CASE STUDY OF LEECH APPLICATION IN DIABETIC FOOT ULCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amarprakash P. Dwivedi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In diabetes, slight injury to the glucose laden tissue may cause chronic infection and ulcer formation. About 15% of all diabetic patients develops foot ulcer in their life time. The etiological factors include increased sugar level, diabetic micro angiopathy and peripheral neuropathy.Mainstay of treatment includes antibiotics, debridement, and local wound care and footwear improvisation. In spite of all advances in health sciences, statistics reveals that about 3% patients yet have to undergo lower limb amputation.In Sushrut samhita, we get the most scientific description of wound and its management. Similarly, Sushrut has given the utmost importance to Bloodletting therapy and considered Leech as the most unique and effective method of bloodletting even in infected wounds and abscesses.Aforesaid description led us to try Leech therapy in Diabetic foot ulcer. Patient with Diabetic foot ulcer was advised to continue anti diabetic medicine along with weekly application of Leech around the ulcer which was followed by dressing with Nimb-Haridra oil.This Leech therapy proved very effective and the ulcer healed completely within 30 days.However, further evaluation is required to be done by taking a large sample size to prove its significance in treating Diabetic foot ulcer and avoiding lower limb amputation.

  20. 针刺放血疗法治疗疟疾140例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弘; 任琳

    2003-01-01

    Objective: In Zambia, malaria is very common and the symptoms are very different. The treatment of malaria is very difficult because of the drug resistance to one drug after another. Many patients could not be cured by drug. The author treated malaria 140 cases by bloodletting therapy and obtained successful effect. Methods: The disposable needles were used to prick Erjian point and 8 to 10 drops blood were squeezed out. Then Dazhui point was pricked twice or three times, cupping on the point about 10 minutes and 10 to 20 drops blood were drown out. After that, according to different symptoms of malaria, different points were elected and different therapy was applied in addition. Results: Of the 140 cases, 77 were recovery (55.00%), 51 improved (36.43%), and 12 ineffective (8.57%). The total effective rate was 91.43%. Conclusion: Results show acupuncture is an effective method for treatment of malaria in Zambia.

  1. Medical missionaries to China: the antecedents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Louis

    2015-02-01

    Notwithstanding the traditional belief that disciples of Jesus Christ introduced Christianity into China, conclusive evidence showed that it was the Nestorian missionaries who entered China in AD 635. Alongside commercial contacts between the West and China during the prosperous T'ang dynasty (618-906), trepanation, bloodletting and the universal antidote theriac were introduced from the Byzantium Empire. Nestorian Christians built churches throughout China and offered some form of medical services. During the Yuan (Mongol) dynasty (1260-1368), foreign physicians were present in the Royal Court; the most famous was the astronomer, linguist and physician Ai-hsieh (Isaiah), Head of the Imperial Medical Bureau. With the fall of this dynasty, Christianity, being primarily the faith of a foreign community, naturally fell into oblivion. It was not until the sixteenth-century's Age of Discovery when a safe sea route to China was found that a new phase of Christian missionaries began. PMID:24585604

  2. [Effects of volume and rate of blood loss on indicators of auto-hemodilution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koval'skaia, K S; Baluev, E P; Krivitskiĭ, N M

    1991-06-01

    The results of synchronous monitoring of blood impedance versus body impedance in dog experiments showed that the speed of physiological hemodilution related to blood loss up to 30 ml/kg is poorly dependent on the rate of blood loss (0.4-1.0 ml/kg/min) and averages 0.186 +/- 0.02 ml/min/kg. Termination of blood loss is followed by marked reduction in the rate of auto-hemodilution. In bloodletting the studies revealed a linear dependence between the volume of blood loss up to 30 ml/kg and tissue fluid volume entering the blood stream. In blood loss intestinal absorption of fluid does not block the fluid introduction from the interstice. When associated, both these flows increase volume of fluid filling vascular bed and promote stable recovery of the baseline circulating blood volume. PMID:1893173

  3. 王寅教授刺络拔罐法调理中焦治疗失眠临床研究%Professor Wangyin whith bleeding and cupping methed for regulate Sanjiao to insomnia Clini-cal research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴恩洁; 王寅

    2015-01-01

    目的:对刺络拔罐法调理中焦治疗不寐进行临床观察、疗效进行评定,明确本法治疗失眠的优越性。方法跟随王寅教授出诊,收集失眠患者37例,应用刺络拔罐法调理中焦。结果通过对患者治疗前后的临床症状指标计分、中医证候学指标计分及匹兹堡睡眠质量指数积分进行比较发现,治疗后的各项积分均下降明显,存在显著(P <0.01)甚至极显著变化(P <0.01),表明刺络拔罐法调理中焦对于改善失眠患者临床相关症状有显著作用。结论应用刺络拔罐法调理中焦治疗失眠有明显的临床疗效,具有增加睡眠时间、提高睡眠质量、缓解睡眠障碍、改善生活质量的作用;对失眠引起的较严重影响患者生活质量的并发症如耳鸣、便秘、腹泻具有良好疗效。%Objective To make a series of clinical observation and efficacy assessment on regulating the Sanjiao(the spleen and stomach)treatment of insomnia by blood-letting puncture and cupping,definite the superiority of this treatment of in-somnia.Methods Following Professor Wang Yin,we collected cases in line with the “Chinese Medicine Clinical Research Guidelines” insomnia diagnostic criteria.Using regulating the Sanjiao treatment of insomnia by blood-letting puncture and cup-ping,we completed a total of 37 cases.Results The clinical symptom index score,the TCM syndrome index score and Pitts-burgh Sleep Quality index score were compared before and after the treatment,we made a discovery that all the scores were sig-nificantly decreased after the treatment.There were significant(P <0.01)and even pole significant changes(P <0.01),explained blood-letting puncture and cupping for improving the clinical symptoms associated with insomnia patients have significant effect. Conclusion Blood-letting puncture and cupping treatment of insomnia have significant clinical efficacy with increasing sleep time,improving sleep quality

  4. Medical men, women of letters, and treatments for eighteenth-century hysteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meek, Heather

    2013-03-01

    This paper explores evolving treatments for hysteria in the eighteenth century by examining a selection of works by both physician-writers and educated literary women. The treatments I identify--which range from aggressive bloodlettings, diets, and beatings, to exercise, fresh air, and writing cures--reveal a unique culture of therapy in which female sufferers and doctors exert an influence on one another's notions of what constitutes appropriate management of women's mental illness. A scrutiny of this exchange of ideas suggests that female patients were not simply oppressed and silenced by male practitioners; rather, their collective voice, intellect, and expertise helped to form progressive treatments for eighteenth-century hysteria. PMID:23192402

  5. Factoring tradotronic media communication for human security management and social stability in Nigerian communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Kelechi Johnmary

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The level of killing and bloodletting in Nigeria is increasing every second, minute, hour, day, month and year. Man, animals, properties etc are increasingly under threat in contemporary Nigerian society. The causes of the massive insecurity of lives and properties remain multi-dimensional. This paper is centered on the need to factor tradotronic media for human security management in Nigeria. It reveals that the dimensions of human insecurity in Nigeria, include but not limited to assassination-based human insecurity, robbery/kidnapping related human insecurity, political-related human insecurity, ethnic-based human insecurity, inter-communal conflict-related human insecurity, religious-motivated human insecurity and multi-dimensional conflict related human insecurity. The paper calles on all lovers of life and human dignity to rise up and defend the survival and existence of every breathing soul around him or her in this sovereign entity, called Nigeria.

  6. 口服补液对致死性失血性休克犬血液动力学和微循环灌注的影响%Effects of oral rehydration On hemodynamics and microcirculatory perfusion in dogs with fatal hemorrhagic shock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡森; 李琳; 侯经元; 王瑞晨

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of oral rehydration on hemedynamies and mierocirculatory perfusion in dogs with fatal hemorrhagic shock.Methods Twenty male Beagle dogs 16-20 months old weighing 8-12 ks were subjected to a loss of 40% of the total blood volume,then divided into 3 groups:no rehydration group (group NR,n=8),oral rehydration group(group OR,n=6)and intravenous rehydration group(group IR,n=6).Group NR received no treatment within 24 h after blood-letting.Group IR and OR were given glucose-electrolyte solution (GES) either by gastric tube or by intravenous infusion 3 times volume of the blood loss immediately after the establishment of the model.Then the lactated Ringer's solution,glucose saline and compound amino acid(2 times volume of the blood loss)were started to be given to supplement the physiological consumption from 24 h after blood-letting in each group.The MAP,cardiac index(CI),systemic vascular resistance (SVR),dp/dtmax,and intestinal mucoflal blood flow (IMBF) were determined before blood-letting(T0,baseline) and 2 h (T1),4 h(T2),8 h(T3),24 h(T4),48 h(T5) and 72 h(T6)after blood-letting.The fatality rate within 72 h after blood-letting and urinary output were calculated.Results The fatality rates were 63%,33%and O in group NR, OR and IR respectively, which showed significant difference between the groups (P 0.05). MAP, CI, dp/dtmax , IMBF and urinary output were significantly higher, while SVR was significantly lower in group OR and IR than in group NR ( P 0.05).与NR组比较,OR组和IR组MAP、CI、dp/dtmax 和IMBF升高,SVR降低,尿量增多(P<0.05);与IR组比较,OR组MAP、CI、dp/dtmax和IMBF降低,SVR升高,尿量降低(P<0.05).结论 大致死性失血性休克后24 h内口服3倍失血量的葡萄糖-电解质溶液能显著改善血液动力学和机体微循环灌注,从而改善机体的生存状态,具有显著的复苏效果.

  7. Comparison of Hemostatic Durability between N-Butyl Cyanoacrylate and Gelatin Sponge Particles in Transcatheter Arterial Embolization for Acute Arterial Hemorrhage in a Coagulopathic Condition in a Swine Model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was designed to compare the efficacy of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) or gelatin sponge particles (GSP) for acute arterial bleeding in a coagulopathic condition using a swine model. Four healthy swine were divided into two coagulopathic conditions: mild and severe. Five hemorrhages were created in each swine (10 hemorrhages per coagulopathy). Mild coagulopathy was achieved by bloodletting 10% of the total circulatory whole blood and preserving activated clotting time (ACT) less than 200 s (ACT 400 s (ACT > 400-second state). For each state, of ACT 400 s, TAE was conducted with GSP or NBCA to control five hemorrhages arising from artificially created renal and splenic injuries. Angiography immediately after TAE with GSP or NBCA showed complete occlusion in both coagulopathic conditions. In the ACT 400-second state, follow-up angiography showed recurrent hemorrhage in four (80%) of the five hemorrhages embolized with GSP and in one (20%) of the five hemorrhages embolized with NBCA. Microscopically, red thrombi were observed densely surrounding GSP in mild coagulopathy but were scarce in severe coagulopathy. In a condition with severe coagulopathy, TAE with NBCA was more effective in durability to cease active arterial bleeding than with GSP.

  8. Utilizing QFD model to determine quality characteristics of the products and priority needs of customers in the medical industry products (Case Study: Plasma seat product in mashhad`s Sahateb medical equipment company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeinab Armoun

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Quality Function Deployment (QFD as one of the quality engineering methods; originates from market study and product or service customers identification, where by determining their needs; tries to involve them in all stages of product or service development. This study uses QFD method to apply customers’ criteria in production of Coach Plasma in Mashhad`s Sahateb Company. Coach Plasma is used for healthy bloodletting. The proposed study of this paper designed and distributed a questionnaire, which includes identification & determination of customers’ needs and investigation of their satisfaction of manufactured products, while looking for technical and engineering characteristics related to their needs. The Coach Plasma costumers are categorized into two groups of local and external customers. Data collection was done based on available documents, experts opinions, structured interview with managers and questionnaire. Customers’ needs were studied in QFD teams. Collecting essential information such as needs importance degree and competitive benchmarking of customer`s needs, the weight of each need has been evaluated. In this research, House of Quality was used from first matrix of QFD leading to estimation of engineering & technical characteristics in order to enter to the quality deployment matrix. Take a look at obtained results, we could mention the role of each of these external factors in satisfaction of Sahateb Company customers and technical characteristics of the company in providing these factors and the prioritization of the customer's needs.

  9. Cancer – An Ayurvedic View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahesh Kumar Harit

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Cancer is a dreadful disease. Uncontrolled growth of cells is called Cancer. First cell is formed from sperm & ovum [Shukra & Shonit]. Controlled multiple division of this cell is result of individual’s body. If this division is uncontrolled, it is cause to create Cancer. Every divided cell is producing same type of new cells. If new cell is not as it is in comparison with mother cell, it can be called cancer. It is not a new disease, ancient text of Ayurved have definite references. In Ayurved, it is described as an Arbuda, Vidradhi, Granthi, Gulma, Shoth and Apachi etc. As per etiology of Ayurved Shoth is primary symptom of Cancer. Because of diminished Jatharagani and Dhatvagni aamotpati takes place. The sthanashanshraya stage is the base of uncontrolled growth. Specific Dhatvagnimandhya is result of specific dhatu’s abnormal vridhi or uncontrolled growth. According to Ayurvedic texts, cancer is a serious Dhatugat disease. So, shodhana chikitsa is required as per condition of disease and patient. Raktamokshan (Bloodletting, Shalya Karma (Surgery and Agnikarma (Heat Burn therapy are especially beneficial in this disease. Following drugs are useful for internal use – Kanchnar, Gokshure, Nirgundi, Punarnava, Bhumyamalaki, Bhalataka, Ashwagandha, Ahiphen, Rohitak, Hirak Bhasma, Suvarna Bhasma, Tamra Bhasma, Shringa Bhasma, Abhraka Bhasma etc. There is a definite need to use these drugs in various formulations to establish therapeutic efficacy to conquer this challenging disease.

  10. ANALGESIC AND ANTI INFLAMMATORY EFFECT OF LEECH THERAPY (JALAUKAVCHARAN IN THE PATIENTS OF OSTEOARTHRITIS (SANDHIGATA VATA

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    Singh Akhilesh Kumar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease is the most common joint disorder. It mostly affects cartilage. The top layer of cartilage breaks down and wears away. Osteoarthritis is of two types, primary (idiopathic and secondary. In idiopathic osteoarthritis, the most common form of the disease, no predisposing factor is apparent. Secondary OA is pathologically indistinguishable from idiopathic OA but is attributable to an underlying cause. The NSAID’S are main drug of choice in modern medicine which have lots of side effect therefore are not safe for long term therapy. Raktamokshan viz bloodletting is one of the ancient and important parasurgical procedure described in Ayurveda for treatment of various diseases. Of them, Jalaukavacharana or Leech Therapy has gained greater attention globally, because of its medicinal values. The saliva of leech contains numerous biologically active substances, which has anti-inflammatory, analgesic as well as anesthetic property. Keeping this view in mind we have started leech therapy in the patients of osteoarthritis and found encouraging results.

  11. Hvězdářství krále Jana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Černá, Alena M.; Hadrava, Petr; Hadravová, Alena; Stluka, Martin

    The critical edition of the collection "King John's Astronomy" is based on the Old Czech manuscript written at the beginning of the 15th century which is preserved at the Library of the National Museum in Prague (ms. II F 14). The collection consists of several separate parts - first of all it contains astronomical and astrological treatises refering to Ptolemy's works. Explanations on the impact of the seven planets and twelve zodiacal signs on the fate of man, who was born under their influence, prevail in the texts. The texts which are connected with Hippocrates and Galenos' doctrines about humoral physiology and humoral pathology are another subject. They are supplemented by a treatise on blood-letting and by pharmaceutical instructions on different weight units. Another treatise deals with God, God's acts and with human fate. The manuscript also contains calendar tools for the calculation of Easter and other feasts during the year. The origin of this Old Czech text coincides with the period of the development of national languages as languages of science. Vocabulary contained in the manuscript is rich. It yields evidence about the formation of terminological systems in various fields involved in the collection. The Old Czech language of this literary monument exhibits unexpectedly archaic features. The present edition is a result of interdisciplinary collaboration of researchers from the fields of diachronic Bohemistics, classical philology, and astronomy. The publication is completed with the critical apparatus, indices, vocabulary, by a list of the chosen literature and other related supplements.

  12. Scurvy and cloudberries: a chapter in the history of nutritional sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luca, Luigi M De; Norum, Kaare R

    2011-12-01

    We translated two Latin texts about scurvy. One is by Ambrosius Rhodius, who in 1635 published his doctoral thesis on scurvy. This contains aspects of 16th- and 17th-century folklore medicine. The other is a 1593 letter by Henrik Høyer (Hoierus), a German physician in Bergen, Norway. The letter states that in Norway grew a plant, Chamaemorus Norvegicus, whose berries had curative abilities against scurvy. Rhodius lists symptoms of scurvy and suggests ingestion of fatty and smoked foods as etiological agents. He thought that a malfunction of the spleen was involved in this disease, so that the undigested parts of the chylus perturbed liver function. Plants with curative abilities were "those that abound in volatile salts." He listed seven facilitating causes of scurvy and its therapies. These included blood-letting after laxatives and root extracts. The star of the show was the cloudberry, which had miraculous effects on scurvy patients. Palliative care included a bath containing decoction of brooklime, water cress, mallow, hogweed, roman chamomile, and similar plants. Before bathing, the person was to drink an extract of wormwood, scurvy grass, or elder. As medication for gums and teeth, Rhodius recommended rosemary, hyssop, bistort, sage, nasturtium, waterweed, creeping Jenny, and scurvy grass. He referred to medications described by Albertus, Sennertus, and in antiquity by Hippocrates and Galenus. We discuss the manuscripts by Høyer and Rhodius in light of earlier treatments and opinions about scurvy. PMID:22013203

  13. Exploring the applicability of equine blood to bloodstain pattern analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larkin, Bethany A J; Banks, Craig E

    2016-07-01

    Bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA) is the forensic application of the interpretation of distinct patterns which blood exhibits during a bloodletting incident, providing key evidence with its ability to map the sequence of events. Here, we explore the use of equine blood and investigate its suitability within the field of BPA. Blood is a complex fluid, and finding a suitable safe substitute to human blood that encompasses all of its characteristics has been the focus of many investigations. Animal blood has been concluded as the closest and therefore the most suitable alternate. However, it seems that currently only porcine blood is most prominently utilised.In this study, equine blood was investigated, using two different anti-clotting methods, where blood impacts were explored over a typical range of varying impact velocities upon a selection of commonly encountered surfaces. Key BPA parameters, such as the diameters of the resulting bloodstains, number of spines and area of origin were measured, which were subsequently applied into previously derived BPA equations.We find that defibrinated equine blood is a suitable alternative and offers the same conclusive outcomes to human blood. This gives bloodstain pattern investigators and researchers an additional choice of blood which can be of benefit when certain bloods are difficult to attain or when the activity involves the usage of a large quantity of blood. Additionally we explore the effect on BPA of aged blood, which revealed a significant decrease in stain diameter of up to 12.78 % when blood has been left for 57 days. A shelf life of no more than 12 days is recommended when blood is refrigerated at 4℃. PMID:25013163

  14. Effect of intra-abdominal volume increment technique for the treatment of intra-abdominal hypertension on the liver after resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock in pig

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    Zheng-gang WANG

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To observe the effect of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD assisted intra-abdominal volume increment (IAVI technique on the liver in the treatment of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH following hemorrhagic shock resuscitation in pigs. Methods  Twelve healthy mini-pigs (Bama, Guangxi were selected for bloodletting from the femoral artery to reproduce hemorrhagic shock model (mean arterial blood pressure, 50mmHg, 1h, and IAH model was successfully reproduced in eight pigs by partial occlusion of portal vein. The eight pigs were randomly divided into the intra-abdominal volume increment treatment (IT group (n=4 and sham operation control (SC group (n=4. Vesical pressure (VP and inferior vena cava pressure (IVCP were observed before shock, 2h after IAH, and 22h after IAVI treatment. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST and alanine aminotransferase (ALT were measured. In addition, the ratio of the abdominal anteroposterior diameter to the transverse diameter was assessed, and the liver CT values were measured after enhanced CT scanning. The pigs were sacrificed 26h after operation. Liver specimens were collected to measure the ratio of wet weight to dry weight and pathological examination. Results  The VP in 8 IAH pigs was 21.16±4.63mmHg. The ratio of abdominal anteroposterior diameter to the transverse diameter increased remarkably 2h after IAH compared with that before shock (1.22±1.41 vs 0.96±0.08, PPvs 42.73±4.92HU, PPPvs 5.14±0.71, PConclusions  The established model could better reproduce the symptoms of IAH after hemorrhagic shock and fluid resuscitation, accompanied by liver damage. IAVI helps to relieve liver functional disturbance after IAH, which is related to decreased intra-abdominal pressure and hypoxia-ischemia of the liver.

  15. Exploring recombinant human erythropoietin in chronic progressive multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrenreich, Hannelore; Fischer, Benjamin; Norra, Christine; Schellenberger, Felix; Stender, Nike; Stiefel, Michael; Sirén, Anna-Leena; Paulus, Walter; Nave, Klaus-Armin; Gold, Ralf; Bartels, Claudia

    2007-10-01

    The neurodegenerative aspects of chronic progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) have received increasing attention in recent years, since anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive treatment strategies have largely failed. However, successful neuroprotection and/or neuroregeneration in MS have not been demonstrated yet. Encouraged by the multifaceted neuroprotective effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in experimental models, we performed an investigator-driven, exploratory open label study (phase I/IIa) in patients with chronic progressive MS. Main study objectives were (i) evaluating safety of long-term high-dose intravenous rhEPO treatment in MS, and (ii) collecting first evidence of potential efficacy on clinical outcome parameters. Eight MS patients, five randomly assigned to high-dose (48,000 IU), three to low-dose (8000 IU) rhEPO treatment, and, as disease controls, two drug-naïve Parkinson patients (receiving 48,000 IU) were followed over up to 48 weeks: A 6-week lead-in phase, a 12-week treatment phase with weekly EPO, another 12-week treatment phase with bi-weekly EPO, and a 24-week post-treatment phase. Clinical and electrophysiological improvement of motor function, reflected by a reduction in expanded disability status scale (EDSS), and of cognitive performance was found upon high-dose EPO treatment in MS patients, persisting for three to six months after cessation of EPO application. In contrast, low-dose EPO MS patients and drug-naïve Parkinson patients did not improve in any of the parameters tested. There were no adverse events, no safety concerns and a surprisingly low need of blood-lettings. This first pilot study demonstrates the necessity and feasibility of controlled trials using high-dose rhEPO in chronic progressive MS. PMID:17728357

  16. [Andreas Vesalius and surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hee, R

    1993-01-01

    By publishing De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem in 1543, Andries van Wesel (1514-1564) gave surgical science an immense impulse. The revolutionary renovation in the knowledge of man's anatomical structure changed slowly and progressively into topographical and physiological understanding of surgical diseases. At the same time, this made better aimed and more secure operations possible. Apart from the importance of this anatomical publication, Andreas Vesalius also won his spurs as a surgeon. He taught surgery in Padua for many years. He was appointed court physician and surgeon at the Habsburg Court of Charles V and Philip II. He personally performed lots of operations known at the time as major ones. He not only quickly adopted the surgical innovations of his fellow-surgeon Ambroise Paré, but he even performed operations that had been forgotten during several centuries, among which thoracocentesis for pleural empyema. His clinical perspicacity in discovering the indication for some operations was staggering and was appreciated by all great monarchs of Europe in the 16th century. In his several consilia, numerous pieces of advice were given for the treatment of surgical patients. The surgical practice which Vesalius had in Brussels for many years, consequently became most successful. Many publications by Vesalius about surgery and blood-letting are well-known. His Chirurgia magna in septem Libros digesta still remains controversial; these books were published by Prospero Borgarruccio (1560) in 1568 by the Venetian editor Valgrisi. This book gives an excellent survey of surgical pathology as it was taught and treated in the 16th century. The scientific method that Vesalius used, not only in his anatomical studies but also in his surgical practice, deserves not only our full appraisal but should still be studied in our own time. PMID:8209577

  17. A CRITICAL REVIEW ON HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF JALAUKAVACHARAN (HIRUDOTHERAPY

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    Verma Dilip Kumar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, is one of the few examples of the use of invertebrates in the treatment of human disease. Leech therapy also known as Hirudotherapy (mentioned as Jalaukavacharan in Ayurveda played an important role because it was used for medicinal "blood-letting" and "purification" - a practice believed to cure a variety of ailments from gout to headaches. The use of leeches began to become less widespread towards the end of the 19th century. But leech therapy has now again emerged as widely useful therapy in large number of diseases and is attracting the eyes of researchers all over the world. In Ayurveda, Jalaukavacharana has been mentioned as one of the processes of Raktamokshana. Ayurveda scholars have devoted full chapters in their texts depicting identification, collection, preservation, method of application, indications etc. of leeches which proves its popularity in medical field since ancient times. Besides its wide indications, its easy applicability without producing any adverse effects is also another reason why leech therapy has been practiced by Ayurvedic physicians since ancient times. In present era, role of leeches in microsurgery in setting of venous congestion associated with soft tissue replantations and free flap-based reconstructive surgery has been well accepted on various scientific grounds. In 21st century, studies have been done to prove its role in arthritis. But there are many more areas from headache to hypertension, where leeches are evident to give successful results. The need is to explore these areas and perform studies to make them globally accepted. Researchers in Faculty of Ayurveda, IMS, BHU are involved in various clinical as well as experimental studies to make the well evident clinical efficient therapy mentioned in Ayurveda scientifically accepted all over the world. These reasons, gave us the curiosity to explore the historical uses of leech therapy in view to establish its

  18. Efficacy Observation on Multiple Superficial Needling Combined with Alcohol Burning Method Treating Acute Ankle Sprain%扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高锋

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤的临床疗效.方法:86例急性踝关节扭伤患者随机分为治疗组和对照组各43例,治疗组采用扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法,对照组采用刺络拔罐治疗,观察两组疗效.结果:治疗组总有效率为100.00%,显著高于对照组的88.37%(P<0.01).结论:扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤疗效肯定,值得临床推广应用.%Objective: To observe the clinical effect of multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method treating acute ankle sprain. Methods:86 cases of acute ankle sprain were randomly divided into treatment group and control group with each of 43 cases, treatment group adopted multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method, control group with bloodletting puncture and cupping therapy, the cura-tive effect of the two groups were observed. Results:The total effective rate of treatment group was 100.00%, significantly higher than that of control group by 88.37% (P<0.01). Conclusion:The efficacy of multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method treating acute ankle sprain is definite, being worthy of clinical application.

  19. The Prevalence of Different Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission Routes and Knowledge about AIDS in Infected People with HIV in Sirjan

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    Mahin Behzadpour

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objective: The immune system of Patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS is weekend because of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection, and they become vulnerable to several opportunistic and non-opportunistic pathogens and different carcinomas. IV drug abuse, sexual contact, occupational transmission, blood transfusion and maternal-fetal transmission are well known transmission routes for HIV infection. This study was under taken to investigate the prevalence of HIV transmission routs in the HIV infected population of Sirjan, and their knowledge about the disease, in order to plan better preventive strategies. Materials & Methods: A cross sectional study was planned. During a 6-month period in 2010, all of the HIV infected people in Sirjan (old and new cases who had a file at the consultation center for high risk behavior, completed a valid and reliable questionnaire. Results: The definite route of transmission was not clear in any of the patients because they had more than one suspicious route. Injected drug abusers were the most common (88.4% followed by those who got tattoos (79.1%, invasive therapeutic procedures, dentistry, surgery and endoscopy (56.1%, high risk sexual behavior (62.8%, bloodletting (9.3%, injuries in the barbershop (9.3% and blood transfusion (2.3%. Conclusion: All of the HIV infected cases in Sirjan were involved with several high risk behaviors, but the major route of transmission, similar to other parts of the country was injected drug abuse. Educational programs for prevention of AIDS should be followed seriously and special attention should be paid to groups with multiple high risk behaviors.

  20. Chancellor Angela Merkel: A Celtic Satire

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    Anthony Stephens

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Glosses on Chancellor Angela Merkel: In ancient times the poets of Ireland and Scotland wrote satires on royals and chiefs they held to be administratively challenged and/or ungenerous to needy bards. The poems were not in strict form, but, generally, 17 line stanzas implied “should be put down”, while 13 line stanzas connoted “harmless but dim”. Walküre, whence Valkyrie, means “chooser of the slain” in Old German. In the bloodletting attending the formation of the present Grand Coalition in Germany, Edmund Stoiber was a casualty and withdrew, embittered, to lead Bavaria again. Angela is widely reported to find relief from the tensions of major political crises by baking cakes, a method more acceptable to the German middle-class than that once favoured by President Clinton. Prince Potemkin, lover and right-hand-man, of Czarina Catherine II, is – maybe slanderously – supposed to have had fake villages built in which actors mimed happy peasants as she drove past in her carriage. When Bush visited Angela’s provincial electorate, the real locals were sent somewhere else, while blokes from Germany’s security services replaced them, smiling, cheering and waving American flags. Consuming coffee and cake at 4 p.m. is the only Categorical Imperative that Germany absolutely obeys. The plot of Wagner’s Twilight of the Gods resembles a stale lamington, as do Germany’s present economic woes. The Grand Coalition is also looking crumbly and dry, despite Angela’s keeping it in the fridge in glad-wrap.

  1. [Can we speak of the management of pain under the Empire?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Dantec, Pierre

    2014-01-01

    It is essential first to disregard all our knowledge and current certainties to plunge two centuries behind. Pain is recognized: physical, moral, chronic, acute. The story of analgesia finds the use of poppy, but with equal components, in variable quantity, the analgesic potion could be transformed into a poison. In the 17th century Sydenham vulgarizes the use of the laudanum known since the 16th, and the first general anesthesia will take place in 1846, we can say that, under the Empire, we are in the prehistory of the anesthesia. The positioning of the doctors and the surgeons in front of the pain is ambiguous. The pain is lived as inevitable, the first quality of the surgeon is its operating speed which allows to limit the duration of the sufferings. The practitioners in the contact of the suffering are going to try hard to develop clevernesses and subtleties to decrease this daily pain. The physical ways as baths or showers, bloodletting in the inflammatory pains, plants with antispasmodic property (valerian, peony, hemlock) and other more or less trivial pharmacological ways. On the battlefield, the ways are even more rationalized and limited, first the pharmacological ways with the laudanum and the liqueur of Hoffmann, surgery which, by a violent but brief pain, solves the problem of the traumatic pains. Dominique Larrey notices the analgesic effects of the cold, but he does not seem to have voluntarily used it. Acute drunkenness is recognized as dangerous. We are struck by the number of description of violent suicides, in particular at the Hôtel National des Invalides. Just like physical pain, moral suffering is recognized as a disease, described as melancholy but without any practical or therapeutic consequence. Under the Empire, pain is taken care of, according to the criteria of the time, an inescapable fate of which it is necessary to adapt. The field doctors try hard to decrease the pain intensity, but the university medical elites exclude the idea to

  2. Vera polycythemia incorporated with hemolysis: a case report and literature review%真性红细胞增多症合并溶血一例并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱家斌; 周立涛; 张丽娟; 于亮

    2012-01-01

    目的 总结以溶血为首发症状的真性红细胞增多症1例临床资料及实验室检查特点.方法 结合文献探讨该病的常规细胞遗传学分析、JAK2V617F点突变检测、BCR/ABL融合基因检测等实验室检查的诊断方法与治疗.结果 检测显示JAK2V617F点突变阳性,BCR-ABL融合基因阴性,染色体为8号三体.先后予以地塞米松、抗感染、保肝等常规治疗和放血、羟基脲、干扰素等后续治疗后好转出院,出院维持治疗至今,生存良好.结论 本病起病隐袭,早期不易发现,JAK2V617F点突变的等位基因特异性聚合酶链反应(AS-PCR)检测有助于诊断.%Objective To summarize the clinical data and laboratory features of vera polycythemia incorporated with hemolysis in one case. Methods The treatment and diagnosis of series of laboratory detection with conventional cytogenetics,mutation detection in JAK2V617F,BCR/ABL fusion gene were investigated with literature. Results JAK2V617F point mutation was detected positively,BCR/ABL fusion gene was negative and trisomic chromosome 8. The case was mend and discharged after successively treated with conventional treatment of dexamethasone,antiinfective,hepatoprotective and follow-up treatment of bloodletting,hydroxyurea and interferon.Conclusions The onset of vera polycythemia is latent which is difficult to find in the early phase.Allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) of JAK2V617F mutation will be helpful to the diagnosis.

  3. "Yaotongning" Plasters in the Treatment of 36 Cases of Lumbar Disc Herniation%“腰痛宁”贴膏治疗腰椎间盘突出症36例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李向军; 王北平; 刘世琼

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical effect of professor LIU Shi -qiong's " Yaotongning" plasters and point application therapy for lumbar disc herniation. Methods:Seventy -two cases with lumbar disc herniation were randomly divided into two groups; acupiont sticking therapy group and comprehensive therapy group, thirty -six cases in each group. The acupiont sticking therapy group was treated with"Yaotongning" plasters on relevant acupoints; The comprehensive therapy group was treated with acupuncture combined with cupping and bloodletting therapy. After four courses of treatment, it was according to the lumbar disease results judgment standard of Japanese association of plastic surgery enacted in 1984 to judge curative effect. Results; The cured and significantly effective rate of acupiont sticking therapy group was 77. 1% , and the effective rate was 91. 4%. The cured and significantly effective rate of comprehensive therapy group was 52.9% , and the effec-tive rate was 85. 3%. The cured and significantly effective rate of acupiont sticking therapy group was better than comprehensive therapy group(P 0. 05). Conclusion;"Yaotongning" plasters in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation has a definitely curative effect.%目的:观察刘世琼教授“腰痛宁”贴膏穴位贴敷治疗腰椎间盘突出症的临床疗效.方法:将腰椎间盘突出症患者72例随机分为穴位贴敷组和综合疗法组,每组36例.穴位贴敷组采用“腰痛宁”贴膏贴敷相关穴位;综合疗法组采用穴位针刺、拔罐和阿是穴放血等综合疗法.4个疗程后进行疗效评定.结果:穴位贴敷组愈显率和总有效率分别为77.1%和91.4%;综合疗法组愈显率和总有效率分别为52.9%和85.3%.两组比较,穴位贴敷组愈显率优于综合疗法组(P<0.05),而有效率却相当(P>0.05).结论:穴位贴敷“腰痛宁”贴膏治疗腰椎间盘突出症疗效优于综合疗法.

  4. Effects of post-conditioning with sevoflurane on the expressions of intestinal AQP8 and I-FABP in pigs with hemorrhagic shock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-hong CHEN

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective To observe the effects of sevoflurane post-conditioning on the expression of Aquaporin 8 (AQP8 and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP, in order to investigate the protective role of sevoflurane post-conditioning on intestinal injury and its underlying mechanism. Methods Eighteen bama miniature pigs were randomly divided into three groups (6 each using a random number table: control group (S group, hemorrhagic shock group (HS group, and sevoflurane post-coditioning group (Post/ Sev group. Experimental animals were fasted for 8 hours before surgery, and propofol 3mg/kg was given viathe ear vein. Endotracheal intubation was done when the animal fell asleep. Bloodletting from the femoral artery after anesthesia was done to reproduce hemorrhagic shock. In Post/Sev group, 2% sevoflurane was given by inhalation for 30min (post-conditioning after successful reproduction of the model. Blood samples were collected prior to anesthesia (T0 and 30min (T1, 1h (T2, 1.5h (T3, 2h (T4, 3h (T5, 4h (T6 after hemorrhagic shock. The quantity of blood I-FABP and intestinal AQP8 levels were determined with ELISA. Water content in the intestinal tissue was determined by wet and dry weight method. Histopathological changes in the intestinal tissue were observed with HE staining. Results Compared with the control group, the serum I-FABP content, the expressions of intestinal AQP8, and water content in the intestinal tissue were significantly increased in HS group and Post/Sev (P<0.05 group. Compared with HS group, the above indices in Post/Sev group were significantly lower (P<0.05. These results were confirmed by pathological examination. Conclusion Postconditioning with sevoflurane could improve, to some extent, pig's intestinal barrier function in hemorrhagic shock, and this effect is likely related with lowering of intestinal AQP8 and I-FABP expression and mucosal edema. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2015.11.11

  5. [Protective effect of arctigenin in GK rats combined with hypertension macroangiopathy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Qin; Sun, Bao-cun; Xia, Wen-kai

    2015-03-01

    To study the protective effect of Arctigenin in goto-kakizaki (GK) rats combined with hypertension macroangiopathy. Six-week-old GK rats were divided randomly according to blood glucose level into four groups: the model group and low, middle and high dose arctigenin groups (12.5, 25, 50 mg x kg(-1)), with Wistar rats as the normal group. All of GK rats were given high-glucose and high-fat diet. After 16 weeks, GK rats were orally administrated with 10 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) N-Ω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester for eight weeks. During the modeling, all of arctigenin groups were orally administrated with different dose of arctigenin twice a day; The model group and the normal group were given solvents. At the beginning, mid-term and end of the experiment, blood glucose was measured. At the end of the experiment, efforts were made to detect blood pressure, collect abdominal aortic blood after anesthesia, fix thoracic aorta after bloodletting to make paraffin sections, observe morphological characteristics and detect the expression of VEGF by immunohistochemistry. According to the results, the blood glucose rose in all GK rats, with no significant difference between the drug group and the model group. At the end of the experiment, the blood pressure significantly increased in GK rats, indicating that Arctigenin could notably reduce the blood pressure in GK rats in a dose-dependent manner. The blood routine test showed increases in both the total white blood cell count and differential blood count, MPV and PDW, abnormal blood platelet parameters and decrease in PLT in GK rats, suggesting that Arctigenin could remarkably reduce the total white blood cell count and differential blood count, MPV and PDW. The thoracic aortic morphological observation revealed obvious endangium lesions in GK rats, demonstrating that Arctigenin could ameliorate the lesion extent. VEGF immumohistochemical staining showed a higher VEGF expression in the model group but lower expression in Arctigenin

  6. 不同种药物干预骨质疏松模型大鼠股骨压缩力学的变化%Femoral compression variation in osteoporosis rats after intervention with different drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐兵; 戴维群; 尤建宇; 李晓丽

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND:The mechanical index is an important method for the evaluation of the therapeutic efficiency of drug treatment for osteoporosis animal models. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of various drug treatments on osteoporosis through a mechanical performance test about the femoral compression of rats. METHODS: Thirty-six Wistar female rats were randomized into six groups: normal control group, model group, Dan Qiparticles group, alpha-D3 group, premarin group, ipriflavone group, with six rats in each group. Osteoporosis models were made in al groups except for the normal control group, and after modeling, the rats in different groups were treated withDan Qi particles, alpha-D3 group, premarin and ipriflavone, respectively. After 15 weeks, the rats were kiled by abdominal aortic bloodletting to take out the left and right femurs that were placed on a universal testing machine to perform a compressive test at a speed of 5 mm/min. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The maximum load, maximum stress, maximum displacement, maximum strain, and elastic modulus were significantly lower in the model group than the other four groups (P 0.05). These findings indicate that osteoporosis leads to the variation of compression mechanical properties of the femur. There are good compression mechanical properties of the femur after treatment with premarin and ipriflavone, andDan Qi particles has the best effect.%背景:力学性能指标是评价药物治疗骨质疏松动物模型效果的重要方法,以压缩力学性能指标评价多种药物治疗老龄雌性骨质疏松模型动物的效果评价鲜有报道。目的:对大鼠股骨进行压缩力学性能实验,确定不同药物治疗骨质疏松的效果。方法:Wistar雌性大鼠36只随机分为6组:正常组对照组、模型组,丹杞颗粒组,阿法D3组,结合型雌激素组,依普拉芬组,每组6只。除正常组对照组外以去卵巢法复制老龄骨质疏松动物模型,分别以丹杞颗粒

  7. Effect of different does of fluid resuscitation on mortality and renal function on early hemorrhagic shock%不同剂量液体复苏对重度失血性休克兔死亡率及肾功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜鹏飞; 胡敏红; 赵会民

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究不同剂理液体复苏对进行性出血性休克兔死亡率及肾功能的影响。方法采用控制性颈动脉放血法建立进行性出血性休克兔模型,随机分为3组(无补液(对照)组、小剂量组和大剂量组),输注0.9%氯化钠溶液与羟乙基淀粉40氯化钠溶液混合复苏液(体积比2:1)。无补液组不输液,小剂量复苏组按失血量1倍输液,速度参照平均动脉压目标值50~60 mmHg调整,大剂量复苏组按失血量2倍输液,速度参照平均动脉压目标值70~80 mmHg调整,于休克0、1、2、3、4 h分别检测血清肌酐水平、平均动脉压(MAP)并比较4 h死亡率及比较肾脏病理切片等情况。结果小剂量组死亡率显著低于无补液组, P<0.01,与大剂量复苏组相比死亡率差异无统计学意义,P>0.05,大剂量组死亡率与对照组相比无统计学意义,P>0.05;小剂量组肌酐(Cr)与对照组、大剂量液体复苏组比较有明显改善,P<0.05;休克模型形成后个时间段MAP各不相同,P<0.05;各组肾脏组织损伤程度各异,差别较明显。结论对进行性出血性休克进行限制性液体复苏有利于降低休克早期死亡率;早期进行小剂量液体复苏可以改善肾功能,更有效的保护脏器功能。%Objective To investigate the effect of limited fluid resuscitation on mortality and renal function in rabbits’uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock. Methods The rabbits’progressive hemorrhagic model were created by adopting the controlling carotid artery bloodletting method before randomly divided them into 3 groups, non-infusion group (control group), limited-infusion group and massive-infusion group. The infusion liquid was formulated of 0.9% sodium chloride solution and hydroxyethyl starch mixture 40 sodium chloride solution (volume than 2:1). Non-infusion group was given no infusion, while the limited-infusion group was given a small doses of

  8. 纳米材料对大鼠外周血T淋巴细胞亚群的影响%EFFECT OF NANOMATERIALS ON PERIPHERAL BLOOD T LYMPHOCYTES IN RAT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘焕亮; 袭著革; 张华山; 杨丹凤; 杨红莲; 林治卿; 闫峻; 林本成; 田蕾; 黄洁华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the immunotoxicity induced by nanoparticles of silver,zinc oxide,and titanium dioxide in rats.Methods Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 7 groups, including control group, low and high dose groups of three nanomaterials. The Rats were exposed by intiatracheal instillation once every other day for 5 weeks,and then killed by abdominal aorta bloodletting. The changes of peripheral blood T lymphocytes subset, body weight,organ coefficients of spleen,thymus, liver,and kidney in rats were observed. Results ① CD4+ % in Nano-ZnOH, Nano-AgH, Nano-ZnOL, Nano-AgL group(27.76 % , 28.32 % , 30,68 % , 34,18 % respectively) were lower than in control (33.67%, P 2L, and Nano-AgL group (32.94% ,32.77% ,34.08% ,31.22% ,31.24% ,33.06% respectively) were higher than in control (28.34% , P<0.05);③CD4VCD8+ in Nano-ZnOH,Nano-AgH,Nano-ZnOL,Nano-AgL group(0.84,0.83,0.98,1.03 respectively) were lower than in control(l .34, P <0. 05);④ CD3+ % in Nano-ZnOH, Nano-AgH group(55.13%,55.04%) were lower than in Nano-TiO2H group (63.08% ,P < 0.05 );moreover,CD4+% in Naon-ZnOH, Naon-AgH group were lower than in Nano-TiO2H group ( P < 0.05), and CD4+ % in Nano-ZnOL group was also lower than in Nano-TiOL2, and Nano-AgL group ( P < 0.05 ); CD4+ /CD8 + in Nano-ZnOH group was lower than in Nano-TiO2H group (P < 0.05), that in Nano-AgL group was lower than in Nano-Tio2 group ( P < 0.05). ⑤ The body weight in all nanomaterial groups were lower than in control(P < 0.05), but there was no significant effect on spleen, and thymus coefficient. Conclusion All three nanomaterials can cause damage to rats after exposure, and bring functional disorder and suppression of cellular immunity. However, Nano-Ag and Nano-ZnO have more intense toxic effect than Nano-TiO2.%目的 探讨纳米银(Nano-Ag)、纳米氧化锌(Nano-ZnO)、纳米二氧化钛(Nano-TiO2)对大鼠的免疫毒性效应.方法 将42只雄性Wistar大鼠随机分为小牛血清对照组,以及3