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Sample records for bloodletting

  1. [Bloodletting and rheumatism.: a retrospective view].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, H

    2011-04-01

    Bloodletting was widely used in antiquity in the setting of a humoral-pathological concept as a general treatment for all ailments, as well as during the middle ages primarily as a remedy for the treatment of inflammatory and infectious diseases. The general population was convinced of the efficacy of this treatment for centuries, even requesting it on occasion on a prophylactic basis. Although questioned early in history, the number of sceptical voices increased in the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1835, P. Louis introduced statistics to medicine in Paris, thereby proving the inefficacy of bloodletting in inflammatory diseases. Today, bloodletting is used in scientific medicine in only a few rare disease.As long as rheumatic diseases remained undifferentiated, all cases were treated with bloodletting. After acute articular rheumatism 1591 was recognised as an independent disease entity, bloodletting remained the treatment of choice for most doctors right up to the end of the 19th century. Bloodletting was also the standard treatment for gout from antiquity up to the beginning of the 19th century. Following its differentiation in 1800, chronic articular rheumatism was no longer treated with venae sectio. Today, there is no indication for bloodletting therapy in rheumatology.

  2. Treatment by bloodletting in the past and present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čolović Nataša

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Therapeutic bloodletting has been practiced at least 3000 years as one of the most frequent methods of treatment in general, whose value was not questioned until the 19th century, when it was gradually abandoned in Western medicine, while it is still practiced in Arabic and traditional Chinese medicine. Content. In modern medicine bloodletting is practiced for very few indications. Its concept was modeled on the process of menstrual bleeding, for which it was believed to “purge women of bad humours.” Thus, bloodletting was based more on the belief that it helps in the reestablishment of proper balance of body “humours” than on the opinion that it serves to remove excessive amount of blood as well as to remove toxic “pneumas” that accumulate in human body. It was indicated for almost all known diseases, even in the presence of severe anemia. Bloodletting was carried out by scarification with cupping, by phlebotomies (venesections, rarely by arteriotomies, using specific instruments called lancets, as well as leeches. In different periods of history bloodletting was practiced by priests, doctors, barbers, and even by amateurs. In most cases, between one half of liter and two liters of blood used to be removed. Bloodletting was harmful to vast majority of patients and in some of them it is believed that it was either fatal or that it strongly contributed to such outcome. In the 20th century in the “Western” medicine bloodletting was still practiced in the treatment of hypertension and in severe cardiac insufficiency and pulmonary edema, but these indications were later abandoned. Conclusion. Bloodletting is still indicated for a few indications such as polycythemia, haemochromatosis, and porphyria cutanea tarda, while leeches are still used in plastic surgery, replantation and other reconstructive surgery, and very rarely for other specific indications.

  3. Treatment by bloodletting in the past and present

    OpenAIRE

    Čolović Nataša; Leković Danijela; Gotić Mirjana

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Therapeutic bloodletting has been practiced at least 3000 years as one of the most frequent methods of treatment in general, whose value was not questioned until the 19th century, when it was gradually abandoned in Western medicine, while it is still practiced in Arabic and traditional Chinese medicine. Content. In modern medicine bloodletting is practiced for very few indications. Its concept was modeled on the process of menstrual bleeding, ...

  4. REINFORCEMENT AND REDUCTION OF BLOOD-LETTING PUNCTURE THERAPY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王茎

    2003-01-01

    @@ Blood-letting puncture has a long history inthe development process of acupuncture andmoxibustion science. As early as the time whenthe book Huang Di Nei Jing ( The Yellow Em-peror's Internal Classic ) came intobeing, there had been some comparatively de-tailed descriptions on the theory, manipulationand clinical application of this therapy.

  5. Bloodletting therapy in hemochromatosis: Does it affect trace element homeostasis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolann, Bjørn J; Distante, Sonia; Mørkrid, Lars; Ulvik, Rune J

    2015-01-01

    Hemochromatosis is the most common hereditary disorder in the Nordic population, if left untreated it can result in severe parenchymal iron accumulation. Bloodletting is mainstay treatment. Iron and trace elements partially share cellular uptake and transport mechanisms, and the aim of the present study was to see if bloodletting for hemochromatosis affects trace elements homeostasis. We recruited patients referred for diagnosis and treatment of hemochromatosis, four women and 22 men 23-68 years of age. Thirteen were C282Y homozygote, one was C282Y heterozygote, three were H63D homozygote, seven were compound heterozygote and two had none of the mutations above. Iron and liver function tests were performed; serum levels of trace elements were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Results before the start of treatment and after normalization of iron parameters were compared. On completion of the bloodlettings the following average serum concentrations increased: Co from 5.6 to 11.5 nmol/L, serum Cu 16.2-17.6 μmol/L, Ni increased from 50.0 to 52.6 nmol/L and Sb from 13.2 to 16.3 nmol/L. Average serum Mn concentration declined from 30.2 to 28.3 nmol/L. All changes were statistically significant (by paired t-test). B, Ba, Cs, Mo, Se, Sr and Zn were not significantly changed. We conclude that bloodlettings in hemochromatosis lead to changes in trace element metabolism, including increased absorption of potentially toxic elements.

  6. Self-Bloodletting: An Unusual Form of Self-Mutilation in Adolescence

    OpenAIRE

    Dursun, Onur Burak; Tas, Fatma Varol; Guvenir, Taner

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce an adolescent suffering from a rare form of self-mutilation, “self-bloodletting”, and discuss dynamics of this maladaptive behavior. Deliberate bloodletting is a rare, but not unheard of, form of self-mutilation associated with eating and personality disorders. Although there are already several case reports in the adult psychiatry literature regarding the clinical features of Lasthenie de Ferjol Syndrome or factitious anemia, this is the first reported adolescent ...

  7. Therapeutic Effect Observation on Treatment of Acne with Acupuncture plus Moving Cupping and Blood-letting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Qi-fang; WANG Guo-yan; HAN Chou-ping

    2008-01-01

    目的:观察针刺配合刺络走罐治疗痤疮的疗效.方法:将60例痤疮患者随机分为两组,治疗组采用针刺配合刺络走罐;对照组采用针刺治疗,两组均治疗30天后观察疗效.结果:治疗组总有效率明显高于对照组(P<0.05).结论:针刺配合刺络走罐治疗痤疮能有效提高该病的有效率.%Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect on treatment of acne with acupuncture plus moving cupping and blood-letting. Method: Sixty acne cases were randomized into the treatment group for combined acupuncture and moving cupping and blood-letting and control group for acupuncture alone. The therapeutic effects of the cases in the two groups were observed after a 30-day treatment. Result: The total effective rate was significantly higher in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The combined acupuncture and moving cupping and blood-letting can effectively increase the effective rate in the treatment of acne.

  8. Neuroprotective effects of bloodletting at Jing points combined with mild induced hypothermia in acute severe traumatic brain injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Yue; Miao, Xiao-mei; Yi, Tai-long; Chen, Xu-yi; Sun, Hong-tao; Cheng, Shi-xiang; Zhang, Sai

    2016-01-01

    Bloodletting at Jing points has been used to treat coma in traditional Chinese medicine. Mild induced hypothermia has also been shown to have neuroprotective effects. However, the therapeutic effects of bloodletting at Jing points and mild induced hypothermia alone are limited. Therefore, we investigated whether combined treatment might have clinical effectiveness for the treatment of acute severe traumatic brain injury. Using a rat model of traumatic brain injury, combined treatment substantially alleviated cerebral edema and blood-brain barrier dysfunction. Furthermore, neurological function was ameliorated, and cellular necrosis and the inflammatory response were lessened. These findings suggest that the combined effects of bloodletting at Jing points (20 μL, twice a day, for 2 days) and mild induced hypothermia (6 hours) are better than their individual effects alone. Their combined application may have marked neuroprotective effects in the clinical treatment of acute severe traumatic brain injury.

  9. Neuroprotective effects of bloodletting atJing points combined with mild induced hypothermia in acute severe traumatic brain injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue Tu; Xiao-mei Miao; Tai-long Yi; Xu-yi Chen; Hong-tao Sun; Shi-xiang Cheng; Sai Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Bloodletting atJing points has been used to treat coma in traditional Chinese medicine. Mild induced hypothermia has also been shown to have neuroprotective effects. However, the therapeutic effects of bloodletting atJing points and mild induced hypothermia alone are limited. Therefore, we investigated whether combined treatment might have clinical effectiveness for the treatment of acute severe trau-matic brain injury. Using a rat model of traumatic brain injury, combined treatment substantially alleviated cerebral edema and blood-brain barrier dysfunction. Furthermore, neurological function was ameliorated, and cellular necrosis and the inlfammatory response were lessened. These ifndings suggest that the combined effects of bloodletting atJing points (20 µL, twice a day, for 2 days) and mild induced hypothermia (6 hours) are better than their individual effects alone. Their combined application may have marked neuroprotective effects in the clinical treatment of acute severe traumatic brain injury.

  10. Thirty-two Cases of Acne Treated with Blood-letting Puncture,Cupping and Chinese-Drug Facemask

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    To observe the therapeutic effect on acne treated with blood-letting puncture, cupping and Chinese-drug facemask. Thirty-two patients with acne were treated with above-mentioned therapeutic method. Cure,improvement and ineffectiveness were respectively found in 24, 7 and 1 case, with a curative rate of 75.0% and a total effective rate of 96.8%. The combination of blood-letting puncture, cupping and external application of Chinese-drug facemask is effective in treating acne.

  11. CLINICAL OBSERVATION ON TREATMENT OF 106 CASES OF ACNE WITH BLOOD-LETTING THERAPY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵慧玲

    2001-01-01

    Acne or common acne is termed as "Fen Ci" (粉刺) or "Fei Feng Fen Ci"(肺风粉刺)in traditional Chinese medicine. It is a common dermatosis in adolescence, characterized as needle-tip- or millet-like skin rashes with or without black heads sparsely distributing on the face,chest and back. If treated improperly, the rash-es will form abscess or scars to spoil the patient's looks. The author of the present paper adopted blood-letting therapy to treat it and achieved satisfied results. Here is the report.

  12. Classic Maya bloodletting and the cultural evolution of religious rituals: quantifying patterns of variation in hieroglyphic texts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munson, Jessica; Amati, Viviana; Collard, Mark; Macri, Martha J

    2014-01-01

    Religious rituals that are painful or highly stressful are hypothesized to be costly signs of commitment essential for the evolution of complex society. Yet few studies have investigated how such extreme ritual practices were culturally transmitted in past societies. Here, we report the first study to analyze temporal and spatial variation in bloodletting rituals recorded in Classic Maya (ca. 250-900 CE) hieroglyphic texts. We also identify the sociopolitical contexts most closely associated with these ancient recorded rituals. Sampling an extensive record of 2,480 hieroglyphic texts, this study identifies every recorded instance of the logographic sign for the word ch'ahb' that is associated with ritual bloodletting. We show that documented rituals exhibit low frequency whose occurrence cannot be predicted by spatial location. Conversely, network ties better capture the distribution of bloodletting rituals across the southern Maya region. Our results indicate that bloodletting rituals by Maya nobles were not uniformly recorded, but were typically documented in association with antagonistic statements and may have signaled royal commitments among connected polities.

  13. Effect of Blood-letting Puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand on Consciousness and Heart Rate in Patients with Apoplexy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yi; Wang Xiuyun; Xu Tangping; Dai Zhihua; Li Yunchen

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effect of blood-letting puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand on consciousness and heart rate in patients with early apoplexy. Method: Under observation were patients with disturbance of consciousness within 3 days after the apoplectic seizure. The patients were divided into a large injury team, a moderate injury team and a mild injury team. Each team was again randomly divided into a puncture group and a control group, with routine treatment in both groups but bloodletting puncture only in the puncture group. Quantitative changes in consciousness, blood pressure and heart rate of the patients were observed. Result: Blood-letting puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand can improve the consciousness and raise the systolic pressure in patients of the mild injury team, and accelerate the heart rate in all the patients in the puncture group. Conclusion: Blood-letting puncture at Twelve Well-Points of Hand can improve the consciousness of patients with brain injury in small area.

  14. Blood-letting punctures at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand can treat cerebral ischemia in a similar manner to mannitol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuan Lu; Zelin Chen; Yi Guo; Liang Gao; Liyuan Jiang; Zhongzheng Li; Jianqiao Fang

    2013-01-01

    A rat model of middle cerebral artery permanent occlusion was established using the modified Longa method. Successfully established model animals were treated by blood-letting puncture at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand, and/or by injecting mannitol into the caudal vein twice daily. Brain tissue was collected at 24, 48 and 72 hours after modeling, and blood was collected through the retinal vein before Evans blue was injected, approximately 1 hour prior to harvesting of brain tissue. Results showed that Evans blue leakage into brain tissue and serum nitric oxide synthase activity were significantly increased in model rats. Treatment with blood-letting punctures at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand and/or injection of mannitol into the caudal vein reduced the amount of Evans blue leakage into the brain tissue and serum nitric oxide synthase activity to varying degrees. There was no significant difference between single treatment and combined treatment. Experimental findings indicate that blood-letting punctures at twelve Jing-Well points of the hand can decrease blood-brain barrier permeability and serum nitric oxide synthase activity in rats following middle cerebral artery occlusion, and its effect is similar to that of mannitol injection alone and Jing-Well points plus mannitol injection.

  15. Analysis of Bloodletting Methods Recorded in Huang Di Nei Jing and Si Bu Yi Dian%《黄帝内经》与《四部医典》放血方法探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仁增多杰; 娘毛加; 仁青东主; 洛桑东智

    2015-01-01

    放血疗法是各传统医学内病外治的重要手段之一。通过分析中医学和藏医学经典著作即《黄帝内经》与《四部医典》中放血指征、放血工具和操作方法的特点,指出了两种医学不尽相同的放血指征,阐明了不同放血工具的种类和理论根据,详述了不同放血方法选择的依据,为中藏医放血疗法的相互借鉴与融合提供了一定的理论支撑。%Bloodletting therapy is one of the important methods in various traditional medicines. By analyzing the features of bloodletting indicators, apparatuses and methods recorded by the classics of traditional Chinese medicine and Tibetan medicine, i.e. Huang Di Nei Jing (Internal Canon of Yellow Emperor) and Si Bu Yi Dian (Four Medical Tantras), this article pointed out the different indexes for bloodletting therapy in the two traditional medicine systems, elucidated the varied apparatuses and theories, as well as the evidences for selecting different bloodletting methods, providing theoretical supports for sharing and combining the bloodletting methods of the two traditional medicine systems.

  16. 李东垣对刺络放血法的贡献%LI Dongyuan’s contribution to treatment of bloodletting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王聪; 于冰; 张永臣

    2016-01-01

    LI Dongyuan founded the theory of“reinforcing the earth”and known to the world,his writings is the discussion of acupuncture mostly,especially in blooding theory. Not only documented the thorn collaterals bloodletting method’s the principle of treatment and the three-edged needle,stone,burnt needle,long needles and other thorn col-laterals tool,also pointed out that the thorn collaterals bloodletting method adapt clinical syndrome and treatment area, is unique to the therapeutics of bloodletting,not only can be used in the empirical,of viscera deficiency also has a good tonic effect,form different from previous Lee pricking theory. The works of pricking blood therapy included and with the use of detailed and practical characteristics,on later ages and modern clinical have great reference value.%李东垣在刺络放血理论上独见其长,不但详细记载了刺络放血法的分经论治原则,所采用的三棱针、砭石、燔针、长针等刺络工具,同时指出了刺络放血法的临床适应病证与施治部位,更是独树一帜地提出刺络放血法不但适用于实证,对脏腑虚证亦有较好的补益作用,形成了有别于前人的李氏刺络理论。其著作中对刺络放血法的收录和运用具有详尽和实用的特点,对后世及现代临床有很大的借鉴价值。

  17. 少商刺血联合清热利湿活血汤治疗带状疱疹60例%Treating 60 cases of shingles by the Bloodletting Shaoshang therapy combined with Qingre Lishi Huoxue decoction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈士友

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the effect of Bloodletting Shaoshang therapy combined with Qingre Lishi Huoxue decoction on treating shingles.%探讨少商穴刺血疗法联合清热利湿活血汤治疗带状疱疹的临床疗效。

  18. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Puncturing and Bloodletting at Twelve Hand Jing Points to Treat Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning as Adjunct to First Aid Treatment: A Study Protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Yue

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Acute carbon monoxide poisoning (ACOP is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in many countries. Twelve Hand Jing Points (THJP have been believed to be effective to treat all kinds of emergency calls in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM for more than 3000 years. This randomized controlled trial (RCT is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of THJP in curing acute carbon monoxide poisoning in first aid treatment. This paper reports the protocol of the trial. Methods/Design. This RCT is a multicenter, randomized, controlled study undergoing in China. The compliant patients are divided into the bloodletting group and standard of care group. With first aid treatments given to both of the groups, the bloodletting group is bleeding at THJP upon being hospitalized. Primary outcomes and secondary outcomes will be measured and compared between these two groups. Before treatment, immediately after treatment, and 30 minutes, 1 hour, and 4 hours after treatment, patients’ basic vital signs and state of consciousness were observed. Before treatment and 1 and 4 hours after treatment, carboxyhemoglobin concentration in venous blood samples was detected. Discussion. The objective of this study is to provide convincing evidence to clarify the efficacy and safety of THJP for early treatment of acute carbon monoxide poisoning.

  19. Efficacy observation on treating varicose veins by bloodletting%放血疗法治疗下肢静脉曲张疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周超华

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To observe efficacy of bloodletting on varicose veins. Methods: According to American Vein Institute CEAP classification, 93 cases of varicose veins were divided into the standard group (C2-3) (34 cases), eczema group (C4-5) (31 cases), and ulcer group (C6) (28 cases). By receiving bloodletting, efficacy was observed and the dates were processed. Results: The total efficiency was 100.00% (the standard group), 96.77% (the eczema group) and 92.86% (ulcer group) respectively. 90 cases were effective; the total efficiency was 96.77%; comparing with inefficient,P<0.01. Conclusion: Treating varicose veins by bloodletting is economical and effective, worthy of promotion.%目的:观察与分析放血疗法治疗下肢静脉曲张的疗效。方法:随机选取93例下肢静脉曲张患者,且根据美国静脉学会CEAP分类法,将其分为标准组(C2-3)34例、湿疹组(C4-5)31例、溃疡组(C6)28例,均给予放血疗法,且对其效果进行观察,对数据进行统计、分析。结果:标准组、湿疹组、溃疡组总有效率分别达到100.00%、96.77%、92.86%,93例下肢静脉曲张者总有效90例,总有效率达96.77%,与无效率相比,P<0.01。结论:放血疗法在处理下肢静脉曲张方面经济、有效,值得推广。

  20. 远端点刺放血治疗急性咽喉肿痛应用之商榷%Bloodletting at Far End for Treating the Acute Swollen Sore Throat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昆珊; 王佳丽; 任钟门

    2014-01-01

    远端点刺放血治疗急性咽喉肿痛疗效显著,是针灸临床治疗急性咽喉肿痛的常用之法。但是通过整理分析近10年有关远端点刺放血治疗急性咽喉肿痛临床报道文献,发现无论是在临床治疗过程中还是研究领域均缺乏对该疗法适应症筛选的重视及出血量标准的确定。重视远端点刺放血治疗急性咽喉肿痛的适应症筛选和放血量的控制是提高疗效的关键。%The curative effect of bloodletting at far end on the acute swollen sore throat is outstanding.There-fore,this method is always used in the clinical treatment.But by sorting and analyzing the related data in the re-cent decade,it was found that no matter in the process of clinical treatment or research areas,and the adaptation disease of this therapeutic method was not paid much attention to.The amount of bloodletting has no standard. The key to improving the curative effect on the acute swollen sore throat is to pay attention to choosing the adap-tation disease of bloodletting at far end and controlling the amount of bloodletting.

  1. Treating 90 Cases of Children Exopathogenic Fever of Wind-heat Type by Points Bloodletting%穴位刺血治疗小儿风热型外感发热90例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    井夫杰; 张静

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To observe the curative efficacy of treating children exopathogenic fever of wind - heat type by points bloodletting. Methods:90 cases according to diagnostic criteria were alternatively treated by three groups of points bloodletting. Once twelve hours, four treatments made one course. After treatment, clinical curative effects were analyzed. Results:Of 90 cases, 65 cases were cured, 12 cases were markedly effective, 8 cases were effective, and 5 cases failed. The total effective rate was 94.44%. Conclusion:Points bloodletting is a good therapy for treating children exopathogenic fever of wind - heat type. It is worth applying to clinical practice.%目的:观察穴位刺血治疗风热型小儿外感发热的临床疗效.方法:符合诊断标准90例患儿,选取少商、商阳、关冲、大椎及双侧耳尖穴进行刺血治疗,每隔12 h治疗1次,4次为一疗程.结果:90例中痊愈65例,显效12例,有效8例,无效5例,总有效率为94.44%.结论:穴位刺血是治疗小儿外感发热非常有效的中医外治法之一,值得临床推广.

  2. Treating 43 cases of Ankle sprain by local bloodletting plus external application of Quyu powder%局部放血疗法加祛瘀散外敷治疗踝关节扭伤43例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昆鹏

    2013-01-01

      目的:观察局部放血疗法加祛瘀散外敷治疗踝关节扭伤的疗效。方法:踝关节扭伤43例,采用局部放血疗法结合祛瘀散外敷法,治疗1次/d。结果:治愈27例,显效16例。总有效率100%。结论:局部放血疗法加祛瘀散外敷治疗踝关节扭伤起效快,疗效好。%  Objectives: To observe the clinical effect on treating ankle sprain with local bloodletting combined with external application of Quyu powder. Methods:43 patients of ankle sprain were treated by local bloodletting combined with external application of Quyu powder, one time a day. Results: 27 patients were cured, 15 cases were significantly effective. The total efficiency was 100%. Conclusion:Local bloodletting combined with external application of Quyu powder in the treatment of ankle sprain fast onset of action efficacy.

  3. 火针放血治疗老年下肢静脉曲张的疗效分析%Curative Effect of Bloodletting Acupuncture in the Treatment of Senile Varicose Vein

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田亚振; 张静; 田永辉

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨火针放血治疗老年下肢静脉曲张的疗效。方法选择在我院接受治疗的老年下肢静脉曲张患者30例作为研究对象,对其均使用火针放血进行治疗,观察患者的临床治疗效果。结果30例患者中,痊愈者26例(86.7%),好转者3例(10.0%),无效者1例(3.3%),治疗总有效率为96.7%。结论火针放血治疗下肢静脉效果显著,能够促进新血生成和血脉通畅。%ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy of acupuncture bloodletting in treatment of elderly patients with varicose vein of lower extremity.Methods In our hospital to accept the treatment of senile patients with varicose vein of lower extremity in 30 cases as the research object,the use of acupuncture bloodletting treatment,observed in patients with clinical therapeutic effect.Results In 30 cases,26 cases(86.7%)were cured,3 cases improved(10%), 1 cases(3.3%),the total effective rate was 96.7%. Conclusion Acupuncture bloodletting in the treatment of lower limb vein effect significantly,can promote new blood generation and blood smooth.

  4. Treating one case of intractable insomnia by acupuncture, bloodletting in auricular point plus sharp-eared%针刺、耳穴配合耳尖放血治愈顽固性失眠1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕; 陈华德

    2012-01-01

      With the accelerating pace of biochemical, various pressure is unexpected. The Insomnia becomes a common clinical disease. Acupuncture, bloodletting in auricular point plus sharp-eared is effective in treating insomnia.%  随着生化节奏的不断加快,各种压力突如其来,失眠成为临床常见疾病。运用针刺、耳穴配合耳尖放血治疗失眠取得良好地疗效。

  5. 放血疗法治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎15例%Treating 15 cases of refractory external humeral epicondylitis with blood-letting therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文娟

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of blood-letting therapy on refractory external humeral epicondylitis. Methods:15 patients were given routine treatment and blood-letting therapy as well. Results:9 cases were cured, occupying 60%, 5 cases were significantly effective, occupying 33% and 1 case was effective, occupying 7%, with the total effective rate 100%. Conclusion:Blood-letting therapy was significantly effective on refractory external humeral epicondylitis.%  目的:探讨放血疗法对顽固性肱骨外上髁炎的治疗效果。方法:15例患者在基础治疗的基础上,给予放血疗法。结果:9例痊愈,占60%;5例显效,占33%;1例有效,占7%。结论:放血疗法是治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎比较理想的方法。

  6. 音乐疗法在健康管理中心抽血室的妙用%The Magical Effect of Music Therapy in the Bloodletting Room of Health Management Centre

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡翠玉

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To al eviate pain and irritable mood of examination customers when exsanguinated through music therapy. Methods: Questionnaires were used for examination customers. Results:Questionnaires show that 90%of customers expressed satisfaction with music therapy in the bloodlet ing room. Conclusion:Music therapy used for examination customers in the bloodlet ing room of health management centre had achieved expected results,and the mood of tension and irritability of customers were eliminated in psychological or physiological aspect.%目的通过音乐疗法,减轻体检客户抽血时带来的疼痛不适和烦燥情绪。方法对前来体检客户采用问卷式调查方式。结果90%客户对抽血室采取音乐疗法表示满意。结论健康体检中心抽血室对前来体检的客户采用音乐疗法,达到预期效果,不管是从心理或生理上都给客户消除紧张、烦燥情绪,达到理想效果。

  7. The Magical Effect of Music Therapy in the Bloodletting Room of Health Management Centre%音乐疗法在健康管理中心抽血室的妙用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡翠玉

    2013-01-01

    目的通过音乐疗法,减轻体检客户抽血时带来的疼痛不适和烦燥情绪。方法对前来体检客户采用问卷式调查方式。结果90%客户对抽血室采取音乐疗法表示满意。结论健康体检中心抽血室对前来体检的客户采用音乐疗法,达到预期效果,不管是从心理或生理上都给客户消除紧张、烦燥情绪,达到理想效果。%Objective: To al eviate pain and irritable mood of examination customers when exsanguinated through music therapy. Methods: Questionnaires were used for examination customers. Results:Questionnaires show that 90%of customers expressed satisfaction with music therapy in the bloodlet ing room. Conclusion:Music therapy used for examination customers in the bloodlet ing room of health management centre had achieved expected results,and the mood of tension and irritability of customers were eliminated in psychological or physiological aspect.

  8. SCI源期刊发表有关放血疗法文献的总结分析%Summarization and Analysis on Related Articals of Bloodletting Therapy Published in Science Citation Index (SCI)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高丽丽; 郭义; 陈泽林

    2014-01-01

    Related articals of bloodletting therapy published in Science Citation Index ( SCI ) from 1998 to 2011 are summarized and analyzed ,and the aim is to make the progress for bloodletting both at home and abroad and to provide a reference for future related documents .Search the Web of science database , then these related articals are summarized and analyzed from various aspects of article numbers , countries , subject categories , languages, impact factors, literature types, publication sources, disease categories and article contents .About 39 related articals are searched by using “bloodletting” or “pricking blood therapy” as the keywords , results show that the impact factor is not high (only 9 articals’ IF are more than 5), the disease category is less;the curative effect is uncertain;the mechanism is not clear .Therefore , bloodletting therapy needs to be further re-searched and developed .%总结分析“出版时间=1998~2011,主题词=blood letting OR pricking blood therapy”SCI源期刊发表的有关放血疗法的文献,以期了解国内外放血疗法的研究进展,并为今后相关文献的发表提供参考。在线检索Web of Science数据库,并分别从文献数量、国别、文献类型、语种、影响因子、学科类别、来源出版物、病种、文章内容等方面进行归纳总结。共检索到有关放血疗法的文章39篇,收录期刊的影响因子不高(仅9篇IF>5),治疗病种较少,且疗效尚不确定,机理尚不明确,有待进一步完善与研究。

  9. 刺络拔罐对单纯性肥胖患者血清胰岛素水平的影响%Effect of Bloodletting Cupping on the Serum Insulin Level in Simple Obesity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锋; 朱洁; 孟信铎

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察刺络拔罐对单纯性肥胖患者血清胰岛素水平的影响。方法将50例单纯性肥胖患者随机分为治疗组和对照组,每组25例。治疗组采用刺络拔罐治疗,对照组采用口服盐酸西布曲明治疗。治疗2个疗程后评价两组减肥疗效,并比较两组患者治疗前后血清胰岛素的含量。结果治疗组总有效率为88.0%,对照组为80.0%,两组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。两组治疗后血清胰岛素含量与同组治疗前比较,差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。治疗组治疗后血清胰岛素含量与对照组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论刺络拔罐能明显改善单纯性肥胖患者血清胰岛素水平。%Objective To observe the effect of bloodletting cupping on the serum insulin level in patients with simple obesity. Methods Fifty simple obesity patients were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 25 in each group. The treatment group was intervened by bloodletting cupping, while the control group was by oral administration of Sibutramine Hydrochloride. The efficacy for losing weight and the serum insulin level were evaluated and compared before intervention and after 2 treatment courses. Results The total effective rate was 88.0%in the treatment group versus 80.0%in the control group, and the difference was statistically insignificant (P>0.05). The serum insulin levels were changed significantly in both groups after intervention (P<0.05). After intervention, there was a significant difference in comparing the serum insulin level between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion Bloodletting cupping can significantly improve the serum insulin level in patients with simple obesity.

  10. Analysis of Curative Effect of Acupuncture Combined With Bloodletting Needle Treatment of Varicose Veins of Lower Extremity%针刺配合火针放血治疗下肢静脉曲张的疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾诗奇

    2015-01-01

    目的:针刺配合火针放血治疗对下肢静脉曲张的治疗效果进行观察分析。方法选取2013年3月1日~2015年3月15日于我院收治的57例下肢静脉曲张患者进行分组治疗,随机分为观察组和对照组,为观察组患者提供火针放血治疗方式进行治疗,为对照组患者提供针刺配合火针治疗法进行治疗,观察比较两组的痊愈率和总有效率,总有效率=痊愈率+好转率。结果观察组29例下肢静脉曲张患者经治疗总有效率为93.1%(27/29),对照组28例下肢静脉曲张患者经治疗总有效率为96.42%(27/28)。结论两组总有效率差异不大,但对照组略好于观察组,针刺配合火针放血治疗能够在治疗下肢静脉曲张中获得较好疗效。%Objective To cooperate with fire needle acupuncture bloodletting therapy for the treatment of lower extremity varicose veins effect observation analysis. Methods 57 cases of varicose veins patients admitted were chosen in March 1, 2013 to March 15, 2015 in our hospital, were randomly divided into observation group and treatment group, provide observation group of patients with fire needle bloodletting therapy treatment, provide control patients with acupuncture with fire needle therapy treatment, compare two groups of the cure rate and total effective rate, the total effective rate of recovery rate and the sum of the recovery. Results Observation group of 29 patients with varicose veins of lower limb after treatment the total effective rate was 93.1% (27/29), the control group of 28 patients with lower extremity varicose veins after treatment the total effective rate was 96.42% (27/28). Conclusion Two group total effective rate difference is not big, but the control group was slightly better in the observation group, with fire needle acupuncture bloodletting therapy can achieve good curative effect in treatment of lower extremity varicose veins.

  11. CLINICAL OBSERVATION ABOUT THE EFFECT OF BLOOD-LETTING OF JING-POINTS ON CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW IN STROKE PATIENTS AT THE EARLY STAGE AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON ITS MECHANISMS IN THE RABBIT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiuyun; REN Shusheng; GUO Yi; ZHOU Guoping; ZHOU Zhiliang; PAN Rongqing; XU Tangping; LI Qing; WANG Xin; REN Huanzhong

    2002-01-01

    In this paper,the authors sum their research resuits about the effect of blood-letting of Jing(Well)-point on cerebral blood flow both in stroke patients and in experimental cerebral ischemia,cerebral hematoma and hypertension rabbits.In 30cases of stroke (cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction)patients,blood flow state of the anterior cerebral artery(ACA),middle cerebral artery(MCA)and the posterior cerebral artery (PCA), and the blood flow velocity of the bilateral vertebral artery (VA)and the basil artery(BA)are determined before and afterpricking blood of the Twelve Jing-points.In experimental cerebral ischernia (by occlusion of the common carotid ertery) rabbits ,cerebral hematoma model rabbits and intravenous injection of noradrenaline induced hypertension rabbits, rheoencephalogram(REC) is detected before and after blood letting of the twelve"Jing -points.In these 30stroke patients,ultrasound Doppler examination's results show that in 22 cases (73.33%) whose blood flow velocity decreases,after blood-letting of the 12 Jing-points, it ncreases significantly(P< 0.01); in the rest 8 cases (26.67%) whose blood flow velocity speeds up,after treatment,it decreases evidently(P<tly (P< 0.01), showing a good dual-directional regulative effect of blood -letting therapy.In experimental cerebral ischemia rabbits,cerebral hematoma rabbits and hypertension rabbits whose REG lowers in the amplitude apparently ( P < 0.01 ), after blood letting stimulation of the 12 Jing-points, it increases at different degrees.Three patterns of stimulation as blood letting stimulation, pain stimulation and Jing-point stimulation, also the 3factors of blood-letting,may contribute to their effect on improvement of the cerebral blood flow.Somatic affterent nerve,sympathetic nerve of the vasular wall,central cholinergic nerve(M receptors)and adrenergic nerve (α receptors) participate in the effect of blood letting on cerebral blood flow.

  12. Therapeutic Observation of Acupuncture-moxibustion plus Bloodletting for Chronic Ankle Sprain%针灸配合刺血疗法治疗陈旧性踝关节扭伤疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢振中

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture-moxibustion plus bloodletting in treating chronic ankle sprain.Method Sixty-six patients with chronic ankle sprain were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 33 in each group. The treatment group was intervened by acupuncture with distal points plus warm needling and bloodletting method in the topical area; the control group was by warm needling plus ultrashort wave applied to the topical area. The ankle joint symptom and sign score was evaluated before and after intervention, and the clinical efficacies were compared between the two groups.Result The recovery-markedly-effective rate in the treatment group was 51.6%, 74.2%, and 93.5% respectively after 1, 2, and 3 treatment courses, versus 26.7%, 46.7%, and 70.0% in the control group, and the between-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion Acupuncture-moxibustion is an effective method in treating chronic ankle sprain.%目的:观察针灸配合刺血疗法治疗陈旧性踝关节扭伤的临床疗效。方法将66例陈旧性踝关节扭伤患者随机分为治疗组和对照组,每组33例。治疗组采用针刺远端取穴配合局部温针灸及刺血疗法治疗,对照组采用局部温针灸配合超短波治疗。观察两组患者治疗前后踝关节症状体征评分,比较两组临床疗效。结果治疗组治疗1、2、3个疗程后愈显率分别为51.6%、74.2%和93.5%,对照组分别为26.7%、46.7%和70.0%,两组比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论针灸配合刺血疗法是一种治疗陈旧性踝关节扭伤的有效方法。

  13. One hundred and twenty cases of migraine treated by acupuncture on Zúlínqì(足临泣 GB 41)and bloodletting therapy on Ashi points%针刺足临泣配阿是穴放血治疗偏头痛120例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊富; ZHANG Yi

    2010-01-01

    @@ Migraine is a frequently encountered disease which may affect the work,study and daily life of the patient.It is proved of little avail of treatments with medication,acupuncture or other therapies on most of the patients.With high ratio of recurrence,it is very difficult to be completely cured.The author of the article has treated 120 cases of migraine with acupuncture on Zúlínqì(足临泣GB 41)and bloodletting therapy on Ashi points.The experience is now shared as the follows.

  14. Surface needle and blood-letting puncturing and cupping on back shu point for treatment of teens’vulgaris acne of syndrome%面针结合背俞穴刺络拔罐治疗青少年寻常性痤疮

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙慧丽; 熊桂华

    2015-01-01

    中医认为,青少年寻常性痤疮的病因病机外以风、热、寒、湿等外邪侵袭为主,内有血热、虚损等而致。采用面针结合背俞穴刺络拔罐法治疗是以面部皮损局部为中心行多针围刺,直达患处,能加快面部气血运行;根据不同证型选择相应的背俞穴行刺络拔罐治疗,可调理脏腑气血,促进脏腑生理功能。%Acne is a kind of disease that occurs in puberty. It is chronic,inflammatory and disfigured. In traditional Chinese medicine,acne is caused by wind,heat,cold,wet,blood-heat,and deficiency. Surface needle and blood-let-ting puncturing and cupping on back shu point for acne is a method that makes lesions as the center and acupunctures them,it can speed up the facial blood runs. According to different syndromes,we blood-letting puncture and cup on different back shu point. It can regulate qi and blood of Zang-Fu organs,and promote organs normal physiological function.

  15. Clinical Effects of Manipulation, Blood-letting Puncture and Cupping in Treating Myofascial Pain Syndrome of Neck and Back%推拿手法后刺络拔罐治疗颈肩背部肌筋膜疼痛综合征的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏宏伟

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore clinical efficacy of manipulation, blood-letting puncture and cupping in the treatment for myofascial pain syndrome of neck and back. Method: All 60 patients were randomized into the treatment group and the control group. The control group was applied with voltaren externally and the treatment group received manipulation, blood-letting puncture and cupping. Result: Total effective rates of the treatment group and the control group were 96.7% and 93.3%, comparison between both groups demonstrated no statistical meaning (P>0.05). Cure rate of the treatment group were 76.7%, higher than 50.0% of the control group significantly (P0.05). Conclusion: Manipulation, blood-letting puncture and cupping show remarkable effects in treating myofascial pain syndrome of neck and back.%目的:探讨推拿手法联合刺络拔罐治疗颈肩背部肌筋膜疼痛综合征的临床疗效.方法:将颈肩背部肌筋膜疼痛综合征患者60例随机分为治疗组和对照组各30例,对照组采用外涂扶他林常规方法治疗,治疗组采用推拿手法后刺络拔罐治疗.结果:治疗组总有效率为96.7%,治愈率为76.7%;对照组总有效率为93.3%,治愈率为50.0%.2 组总有效率无统计学意义(P>0.05),但治疗组治愈率明显高于对照组(P<0.05).治疗前后在疼痛、局部压痛、功能障碍方面,治疗组同组间、2 组间评分明显差异,均具有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:推拿手法后刺络拔罐治疗颈肩背部肌筋膜疼痛综合征疗效显著.

  16. 锋勾针排脓放血对结节型痤疮皮损修复作用的研究%Study on Pus-draining and Bloodletting with Sharp-hook Needle in Repairing Skin Lesions in Acne Vulgaris of Nodules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万怡

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察锋勾针排脓放血与单纯排脓治疗对结节型痤疮溃疡皮损的修复作用。方法选取20对结节型痤疮皮损,分为治疗组和对照组,治疗组采用锋勾针排脓放血治疗,对照组采用锋勾针排脓治疗。患者面部选择2枚结节型痤疮皮损,其溃疡面积与皮损面积都相同,1枚行锋勾针排脓放血法治疗,另1枚行锋勾针单纯排脓治疗,观察比较两组1星期内每天的溃疡面积和皮损面积变化,软硬度变化。结果治疗组溃疡皮损面积缩小情况优于对照组(P<0.05),治疗组软硬度变化情况优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论锋勾针挑割排脓放血治疗寻常痤疮对痤疮溃疡皮损面积修复能力较单纯排脓更强。%ObjectiveTo observe the effect of pus-draining and bloodletting with sharp-hook needle in repairing the skin lesions in acne vulgaris of nodules type.MethodTwenty pairs of skin lesions caused by acne vulgaris of nodules type were divided into a treatment group and a control group. The treatment group was intervened by pus-draining and bloodletting with sharp-hook needle, while the control group was by pus-draining with sharp-hook needle. Two facial skin lesions of same size were selected from each patient to respectively receive pus-draining and bloodletting with sharp-hook needle or pus-drainage alone. The changes of lesion size and hardness in a week were observed and compared.ResultThe reducing of lesion size was more significant in the treatment group than that in the control group (P<0.05), and the improvement of hardness of the lesions in the treatment group was also more significant in the treatment group than that in the control group (P<0.05).ConclusionPus-draining and bloodletting with sharp-hook needle can produce amore significant effect in repairing skin lesions in acne vulgaris than pus-draining alone.

  17. Clinical Observation of Tiao Ren Tong Du Needling plus Bloodletting at Jing-well Points for Post-stroke Spastic State MA%调任通督针法结合井穴刺血治疗脑卒中痉挛状态临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓明; 李晶晶; 闫兵; 刘永锋; 周鹏; 黄汝成

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Tiao Ren Tong Du (regulating the Conception Vessel and unblocking the Governor Vessel) needling method plus bloodletting at the Jing-well points in treating post-stroke spastic state. Method Sixty-seven eligible patients were randomized into a group to receive Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at the Jing-well points (treatment group) and a rehabilitation group (control group). For the two groups, the treatment was given once a day, 6 times as a treatment course, for 4 courses in total. The Modified Ashworth Scale was used to evaluate the spasticity intensity, and the Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) for post-stroke spastic hemiplegia was used to measure the patients from the following four aspects:subjective symptoms, objective symptoms, mental state, and social function. Result After intervention, the scores of spasticity, and physiological, mental, social, and environmental factors were significantly improved in both groups (P<0.01,P<0.05). Compared to rehabilitation, Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at Jing-well points can more significantly release the muscular spasticity and reduce the PRO score (P<0.01). The recovery plus markedly-effective rate was 70.6% in the treatment group versus 42.4% in the control group. Conclusion Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at Jing-well points can effectively improve post-stroke spastic state and the quality of life.%目的:观察调任通督针刺法结合井穴刺血治疗脑卒中痉挛状态的临床疗效。方法将符合标准的67例患者随机分为调任通督针法结合井穴刺血组(治疗组)和康复治疗组(对照组),两组均每日治疗1次,6次为1个疗程,共治疗4个疗程。采用改良 Ashworth 张力评分法所定标准对肌痉挛程度进行评定,以及中风痉挛性偏瘫基于报告结局指标(PRO)对患者主观症状、客观症状、心理状态、社会功能4个领域进行评分。结果两组患者治

  18. 蒙医枕骨脉拔罐放血配合蒙药治疗颈性眩晕疗效观察*%Curative Effect Observation on Cervical Vertigo Treatment with Bloodletting Therapy on Occipital Vein and Mongolian Drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    This study was aimed to observe curative effect on the treatment of cervical vertigo with bloodletting therapy and cupping therapy on the occipital vein. A total of 62 cervical vertigo cases were enrolled from both the outpatient department and inpatient department and were randomly divided into two groups. In the treatment group, vacuum cup was applied as soon as the occipital veins of both sides were pricked with the three-edged needle. Mongolian drugs were administered orally in combination. In the control group, methanesulfonic acid be-tahistine tablet was administered orally. The results showed that both the cure rate and total effective rate of the treatment group are higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). And there is statistical difference. It was concluded that the curative effect on cervical vertigo of bloodletting combined with cupping therapy on occipital vein is certain and it has become a better natural therapy in the treatment of cervical vertigo patients.%  目的:观察枕骨脉放血配合拔罐治疗颈性眩晕的疗效。方法:收集门诊或住院的颈性眩晕患者62例,随机分为两组,治疗组用三棱针在双侧枕骨脉点刺后立即在此部位加真空拔罐给予负压治疗,同时配合口服蒙药治疗。对照组口服甲磺酸倍他司汀片。结果:治疗组的治愈率及总有效率均明显高于对照组(P约0.05)。结论:枕骨脉放血配合拔罐治疗颈性眩晕疗效确切,是治疗颈性眩晕的一种较好的自然疗法。

  19. 耳尖放血加耳压治疗瘫痪卧床患者便秘的疗效观察%The curative effect observation of the apex auride bloodletting combined with auricular plaster therapy adopted for constipation of patients with paralysis lying on bed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    相永梅; 刘桂玲

    2001-01-01

    @@Background: The patients with paralysis lying on bed for a long time are easy to constipate,which causes great pain to them,especially the patients with the complications of hypertension、coronary atherosclerotic cardiopathy,inclined to aggravate patients' state of illness even hazard their lives.So it is very important to choose fast and effective ways to resolve the constipation in time. Objective: To observe the curative effect of the apex auride bloodletting combined with auricular plaster therapy adopted for constipation of patients with paralysis lying on bed. Unit:Specialty of Acupuncture and Moxibustion of the General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region. Subject: There were 86 patients of constipation with paralysis lying on bed in this group,male 40 cases,female 46 cases,average ages 65.There were 58 cases in the control group,male 28 cases,femal 30 cases,average ages 63.5.There was statistic comparability on sex,age,course of disease,and so on between the two groups. Design: The patients in the therapeutic group were divided into two dialectical types: the showing of constipation of excess type was: stool had been obstructed for several days,they tried very hard when they were defecating,or fever,excessive thirst,liking cool,reddened tongue,dry rough and yellowish fur,slippery and replete pulse,or disterding pain in hypochondrium and abdomen;the showing of constipation of insufficiency type was: constipation,dim complexion,dizziness and palpitation,fatigue,pale tongue,thin and whitism fur,feeble and thready pulse,or liking warm and fearing cold,pale tongue,deep and slow pulse.Therapy were completed seperately according to the types.

  20. TREATMENT OF 30 CASES OF INFANTILE HIGH FEVER WITH ERJIAN-POINT BLOOD-LETTING METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李赛玲; 朱军

    2001-01-01

    High fever is referred to that the body temperature exceeds 39℃. Due to aplasia of the cerebral nerve system during infantile stage, continuous high fever may induce temporary functional disturbance of the brain, manifesting as sudden and transient loss of consciousness and local or general muscular spasm that is termed as infantile convulsion. The authors find in clinical practice that sometimes, administration of antipyretics as compound aspirin (APC), compound aminopyrine, etc. has no effect on infantile high fever, if treated with Erjian (MA-H 6) bleeding method, the body temperature may be decreased by 0.5~1.0℃. Here is the report.

  1. Treatment of Stye by Auricular Point Blood-letting Therapy: A Report of 85 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhan-hui

    2005-01-01

    Eighty-five cases of stye were treated by pricking and extruding some blood in auricular points Eye 1 and Eye 2. After 5 treatments, 63 cases were cured, 17 cases obtained improvement, 5 cases obtained no effects, and the total effective rate is 94.1%.%点刺耳穴目1和目2,并挤压出血,治疗85例麦粒肿患者,经过5次治疗,治愈63例,好转17例,无效5例,总有效率94.1%.

  2. One Hundred and Eighty-nine Cases of Acute Articular Soft Tissue Injury Treated by Blood-letting Puncture with Plum-blossom Needle and Cupping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dai Erqing; Li Haiying; Zhao Zhankao

    2005-01-01

    @@ Acute articular soft tissue injury, a frequently encountered disease, is often clinically treated with analgesics, Chinese drugs for relaxing muscles and tendons to promote blood circulation, physiotherapy and acupuncture. These therapies can achieve certain curative effects, however, there is a longer course of treatment and some cases even have sequela particularly in such weight-carrying joints as the ankle joint and the knee joint. The therapeutic method of blood letting puncture with plum-blossom needle and cupping is adopted to treat this disease with satisfactory therapeutic effect. The results are reported as follows.

  3. 放血疗法治疗犬真性红细胞增多症%The Bloodletting Therapy Treats the Dog Real Red Blood Cell Increase

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖啸; 杨继生; 沈学文; 严达伟

    2008-01-01

    真性红细胞增多症(polycythemia vera,PV)是由于多能造血细胞干细胞克隆性异常,导致红细胞异常增殖为主的一种慢性骨髓性疾病,作者用放血疗法为主,辅助治疗为辅,对12例犬真性红细胞增多症进行治疗,结果治愈10例,治愈率为83%,2例由于治疗不及时而死亡,说明放血疗法对犬真性红细胞增多症治疗效果显著.

  4. Observation of curative effect of blood-letting therapy in patients with primary hemochromatosis%原发性血色病患者放血疗法疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐朴; 周佑德; 李艳

    2008-01-01

    目的:观察用放血疗法治疗原发性血色病的治疗效果.方法:对确诊的11例原发性血色病患者进行放血治疗,并在放血治疗前后检测患者的丙氨酸氨基转移酶(ALT)、天门冬氨酸氨基转移酶(AST) 、血糖(BS)、血清铁(Fe)、血清铁蛋白(FER)水平,同时检测14例对照者的上述指标.结果:治疗前的ALT、AST和治疗前后的Fe、FER明显高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);治疗后的ALT、AST、Fe和FER明显低于治疗前水平,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论: 放血疗法可显著降低原发性血色病患者体内的含铁量,改善患者的肝功能.

  5. THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF WARM NEEDLING PLUS BLOODLETTING AND CUPPING FOR PAIN IN KNEE JOINTS%温针灸配合刺络拔罐治疗膝关节痛疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋守江

    2007-01-01

    @@ Clinically, pain in knee joints is commonly encountered, and it is often intractable. The knee joint pain treated in the present study included the cases induced by rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, senile osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis, synovitis, meniscus injury, and medial and lateral paraligament injury.

  6. EMERGENCY NURSING OF POLYCYTHEMIA VERA BLOOD CLOTS CAUSED BY THE IMPLEMENTATION OF BLOODLETTING%1例真性红细胞增多症放血疗法引起血管栓塞的急救护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王灿辉

    2010-01-01

    @@ 真性红细胞增多症(polycythemia vera,PV)是一种克隆性红细胞系统异常增多为主的慢性骨髓增生性疾病,临床特征为红细胞和全血容量绝对增多,血粘滞度增高,常伴有白细胞和血小板增多.可因此而引起头痛、头昏、疲乏等表现,同时易并发脑动脉冠状动脉梗塞以及肠系膜、肝、脾、和门静脉系处血栓形成,当血小板功能紊乱时可引起出血,临床上放血疗法为一种常用的降低红细胞容量与减轻症状的治疗手段,我科多次为真性红细胞增多症患者实施放血疗法,效果良好,仅于2009年发生1例放血过程中出现血管栓塞表现,本文将相关急救配合及护理经验进行总结,现报告如下.

  7. 耳穴针刺配合刺络拔罐治疗踝关节扭伤30例%30 cases of treating ankle sprain with auricular point acupuncture and blood-letting puncture and cupping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉香

    2011-01-01

    @@ 踝关节扭伤是临床上的常见病症,多是由于跑跳、行走、运动姿势不当引起,外踝损伤多见,治疗上多采用踝关节制动、解痉消肿等药物治疗[1].我们于2007-03-2009-12采用耳穴针刺配合局部刺络拔罐治疗本病,现报告如下.

  8. Clinical Reseach of Venesection and Bloodletting Combined with Acupuncture on Acute Peripheral Facial Paralysis,A Report of 65 Cases%刺络放血加针刺治疗急性面神经炎65例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓霞; 黄丽萍; 曹荣禄

    2010-01-01

    目的:观察翳风穴刺络放血加针刺治疗急性期周围性面瘫的临床疗效.方法:65例急性期周围性面瘫患者采用翳风穴剌络放血加针刺疗法.翳风穴刺络放血每日治疗一次,治疗5天后停用;针刺每日治疗一次,每次留针30 min,每周治疗5天,1月为1疗程.结果:总有效率为98.5%,痊愈率为66.2%.提示:翳风穴刺络放血加针刺治疗急性期周围性面瘫的临床疗效显著.

  9. CLINICAL APPLICATION OF “TWELVE WELL-POINTS” IN EMERGENCY TREATMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段功保

    2000-01-01

    In many years' clinical practice, I used blood-letting method of “Twelve Well-points” to treat emergencies as coma, syncope, acute infantile convulsion, wind-stroke syndrome, hysteria, epilepsy, etc. and have achieved immediate results.

  10. The History, Mechanism, and Clinical Application of Auricular Therapy in Traditional Chinese Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Pu-Wei Hou; Hsin-Cheng Hsu; Yi-Wen Lin; Nou-Ying Tang; Chin-Yi Cheng; Ching-Liang Hsieh

    2015-01-01

    Auricular therapy includes acupuncture, electroacupuncture, acupressure, lasering, cauterization, moxibustion, and bloodletting in the auricle. For 2500 years, people have employed auricular therapy for treating diseases, but the methods have been limited to bloodletting and cauterization. Only after 1957, the international scientific community became aware that the map of the ear resembles an inverted fetus, its introduction has led to auricular acupuncture (AA) becoming a more systemic appr...

  11. Has keen ears bloodletting coordination back Yu Xue to walk the pot treatment to lose sleep 78 example curative effect observation%耳尖放血配合背俞穴走罐治疗失眠78例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连福纯

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察和验证耳尖放血配合背俞穴走罐治疗失眠的临床疗效.方法:将78例失眠患者随机分入观察组和对照组各39例,观察组通过耳尖放血配合背俞穴走罐治疗,对照组取常规穴位平补平泻,比较两组治疗后的效果.结果:观察组治愈率为71.8%,对照组治愈率为46.1 %,差别有显著性意义(P<0.05).结论:耳尖放血配合背俞穴走罐治疗失眠优于常规取穴法.

  12. 《黄帝内经》与《四部医典》放血疗法适宜病证初探%Study on disease and syndrome suitable for bloodletting therapy in The Yellow Emperor's Canon of Internal Medicine and Four Medical Tantras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仁增多杰; 娘毛加; 仁青东主

    2015-01-01

    通过对《黄帝内经》和《四部医典》放血疗法适宜病证的比较研究,发现《黄帝内经》刺血疗法主治40余个病种,以“虚实辨证”为依据,适用于实证和部分虚实夹杂的病证.《四部医典》放血疗法主治63种疾病,以“寒热辨证”为根本,适用于热性疾病、夹杂隆和培根病的热证.认为总结适宜病证,扩大主治范围,推广临床应用是放血疗法发展面临的主要问题,不同医学体系之间的相互学习是放血疗法发展和推广的关键所在.

  13. La sangría en el Liber de Arte Medendi (1564) de Cristóbal de Vega (1511-1537)

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández, Justo

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, the interesting and significant chapter on the bloodletting, included in the medical treatise entitled the Liber de arte medendi (1564) of Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573), has been studied. His doctrine, mainly with regard to the morbus lateralis, supports the proper one from the most of the sixteenth century authors belonging to the medical humanism: a copious bloodletting in the elbow`s flexure of the homolateral arm. In addition to the Vesalius’ anatomical contributions on the...

  14. Down but not out. Good planning can spell the difference between downsizing and layoffs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strenger, E W

    1997-05-01

    With good strategic planning and market analysis you can trim your organization without a massive employee bloodletting. The trick is to start the planning process before a financial crisis occurs. But it takes visionary leaders to get the efficiency ball rolling when you have a healthy bottom line.

  15. Clinical Application of Acupuncture Techniques Based on the Principle of Removing Blood Stasis%基于“菀陈则除之”原则相关刺法的临床运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈骥; 任玉兰; 杨洁; 梁繁荣

    2012-01-01

    The principle of removing blood stasis was the discourse on removing blood stasis by acupuncture, which has been significantly influential to the later generations. Taking the five needling techniques based on this classical principle including point bloodletting,collateral bloodletting,scattered pricking to induce bleeding,flicking bloodletting,and cupping following collateral bloodletting as the entry points,this paper is to review their manipulating techniques,the main indications,and to make an o-verall assessment on their efficacy as well as to put forward questions in need of further research.%“菀陈则除之”是《黄帝内经》有关针刺活血化瘀治则的重要论述,对后世影响深远.试从该原则指导下临床常见的点刺、络刺、散刺、挑刺、刺络拔罐五种刺法入手,介绍各刺法的操作手法和主治病症,评价其疗效并提出需要进一步研究明确的问题.

  16. Ambroise Paré (1510-1590)--Traek af kirurgfagets historie og dets medi- kamentelle aspekter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norn, Svend; Permin, Henrik; Kruse, Poul R;

    2010-01-01

    For six centuries the barbers of Europe practiced surgery. In 1215 a papal edict forbade members of the clergy (physicians) from performing surgical procedures as contact with blood was felt to be contaminating to men of the church. Bloodletting and minor surgery was now turned over to the barber...

  17. The History, Mechanism, and Clinical Application of Auricular Therapy in Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pu-Wei Hou

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Auricular therapy includes acupuncture, electroacupuncture, acupressure, lasering, cauterization, moxibustion, and bloodletting in the auricle. For 2500 years, people have employed auricular therapy for treating diseases, but the methods have been limited to bloodletting and cauterization. Only after 1957, the international scientific community became aware that the map of the ear resembles an inverted fetus, its introduction has led to auricular acupuncture (AA becoming a more systemic approach, and, following the identification and standardization of more precise points, AA has been employed in clinical applications. The mechanisms of AA are considered to have a close relationship with the autonomic nervous system, the neuroendocrine system, neuroimmunological factors, neuroinflammation, and neural reflex, as well as antioxidation. Auricular therapy has been applied, for example, for pain relief, for the treatment of epilepsy, anxiety, and obesity, and for improving sleep quality. However, the mechanisms and evidence for auricular therapy warrant further study.

  18. 絮刺火罐疗法联合隔姜灸治疗周围性面瘫后遗症1例%Blood-letting Puncture and Cupping Therapy Combined with Ginger Moxibustion Treating a Case of Peripheral Facial Paralysis Sequelae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闵志云; 程立红

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports the clinical efficacy of blood-letting puncture and cupping therapy combined with ginger moxibustion treating a case of peripheral facial paralysis sequelae, and briefly analyzes the mechanism of blood-letting puncture and cupping therapy combined with ginger moxi-bustion treating peripheral facial paralysis sequelae.%本文报道絮刺火罐疗法联合隔姜灸综合治疗1例周围性面瘫后遗症的临床疗效,浅析絮刺火罐疗法及隔姜灸对周围性面瘫后遗症的作用机制。

  19. 针灸治疗风疹的体会%Experience on treatment of rubella by acupuncture and moxibustion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳

    2015-01-01

    Professor WANG Yin in Guang’an Gate Hospital treated rubella by bloodletting through acupuncture and cupping in order to expelling wind and relieving itching. The treatment and study experience of 2 cases was summarized as follow.%在广安门医院进修期间,跟随王寅教授,其用针刺、刺络放血、拔罐的方法治疗风疹,从而达到祛风止痒的目的。现将2病例的治疗及学习体会总结如下。

  20. The Research Process of TCM Therapies for Acute Peripheral Facial Paralysis%周围性面瘫急性期中医治疗方法研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春红; 刘立安; 戚其华

    2015-01-01

    The author sort out the recent literatures about TCM therapies for acute peripheral facial paralysis, and reviewed the curative effect of as-pects such as blood-letting therapy, acupuncture and acupuncture combined with other therapies on acute peripheral facial paralysis.%笔者整理周围性面瘫急性期中医治疗方法的近期研究文献,从放血疗法、单纯针刺、针刺联合其他疗法等方面综述周围性面瘫急性期的治疗效果。

  1. [Experiences in prevention and treatment of human rabies with acupuncture and moxibustion in ancient time].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Dao-Pi; Chen, Jia-Zhi

    2011-03-01

    By consulting the literatures relevant with the prevention and treatment of human rabies from Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, it was discovered that rabies was caused by wind toxin in mad dog injuring human being. The pathogenesis of rabies was the invasion of dog toxin into the heart. The latent period was ranged from 7 to 100 days. Acupuncture-moxibustion, bloodletting, cupping and other therapies could be used in treatment. But of those different therapies, the various moxibustion methods achieved unique efficacy on the disease. PMID:21644321

  2. 偏头痛发作期针刺镇痛方案优选研究%Optimized Schemes for Acupuncture Treatment of Migraine during Attack

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王京京; 吴中朝; 胡静; 焦玥; 郑嘉月; 王巧妹

    2013-01-01

    目的:对偏头痛发作期针刺镇痛方案进行优选,指导偏头痛针灸临床决策.方法:以76例发作期偏头痛患者为研究对象,采用正交试验设计,治疗方案根据L9(34)正交表对体穴组合(A)、毫针及电针疗法(B)、耳穴疗法(C)、放血疗法(D)4因素及其各自不同的3水平设计实施.试验过程中同时应用了随机(分层随机、中心随机)和盲法(评价者盲)的方法.采用视觉模拟评分法(VAS)测量头痛强度,根据治疗前及治疗后10 min、20 min、30 min、1h、2h、3h、4h、5h、6h、12h、24 h共计12个时点的VAS值变化情况,对不同针刺方案的镇痛效果进行分析.结果:针刺后24h内,4因素对缓解头痛强度的影响由大到小依次为:体穴组合(A)>毫针及电针疗法(B)>放血疗法(D)>耳穴疗法(C).由正交推导出来的不同时点最佳针刺镇痛方案中,少阳经局部加远端取穴进行毫针刺的疗效最稳定,可作为基础镇痛方案;耳穴电针有助于提高即刻镇痛效果;太阳紫脉加阿是穴放血可巩固镇痛效果.结论:偏头痛发作期最佳针刺镇痛方案为少阳经为主局部加远端取穴进行毫针刺,同时配合耳穴电针以及太阳紫脉和阿是穴放血.%Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of manual acupuncture,electroacupuncture (EA),auricular acupuncture and bloodletting therapies combined with orthogonal design for migraine patients,so as to select a better scheme for relieving headache.Methods A total of 76 migraine patients in the stage of attack were recruited in the present study and randomly (stratified random and central random) allocated to 9 groups by means of orthogonal experimental design [L9 (34),4 factors (F) and three levels (L)].i.e.,F1:body-acupoints combination; F1-L1:regional acupoints [Sizhukong (TE 23),Shuaigu (GB 8),Taiyang (EX-HN 5),etc.] near the focus,F1-L2:regional + distal acupoints [Hegu (LI 4),Taichong (LR 3),etc.] far from the focus,and F1-L3

  3. Medical missionaries to China: the antecedents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Louis

    2015-02-01

    Notwithstanding the traditional belief that disciples of Jesus Christ introduced Christianity into China, conclusive evidence showed that it was the Nestorian missionaries who entered China in AD 635. Alongside commercial contacts between the West and China during the prosperous T'ang dynasty (618-906), trepanation, bloodletting and the universal antidote theriac were introduced from the Byzantium Empire. Nestorian Christians built churches throughout China and offered some form of medical services. During the Yuan (Mongol) dynasty (1260-1368), foreign physicians were present in the Royal Court; the most famous was the astronomer, linguist and physician Ai-hsieh (Isaiah), Head of the Imperial Medical Bureau. With the fall of this dynasty, Christianity, being primarily the faith of a foreign community, naturally fell into oblivion. It was not until the sixteenth-century's Age of Discovery when a safe sea route to China was found that a new phase of Christian missionaries began. PMID:24585604

  4. [Harvey and his theory of circulation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolters, Frank J

    2013-01-01

    In 1628 the English physician William Harvey (1578-1657) published his revolutionary theory that blood circulates through the body driven by the heart. This challenged the long-standing teachings of Hippocrates and Galen concerning 4 different bodily fluids or 'humours' that flowed through separate arterial and venous vascular systems. Harvey gained considerable influence in society as a member of the prestigious Royal College of Physicians in London and as personal physician to King James I and King Charles I. He strove for a more empirical foundation of medicine by means of anatomic demonstrations and vivisections. Despite enduring considerable criticism he managed to disseminate his ideas around the influential universities of Europe in the course of his lifetime. However, consequent changes in practice would not be brought about until decades after Harvey's death, when Galenist treatments such as blood-letting were gradually abandoned.

  5. 王寅教授刺络拔罐法调理中焦治疗失眠临床研究%Professor Wangyin whith bleeding and cupping methed for regulate Sanjiao to insomnia Clini-cal research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴恩洁; 王寅

    2015-01-01

    目的:对刺络拔罐法调理中焦治疗不寐进行临床观察、疗效进行评定,明确本法治疗失眠的优越性。方法跟随王寅教授出诊,收集失眠患者37例,应用刺络拔罐法调理中焦。结果通过对患者治疗前后的临床症状指标计分、中医证候学指标计分及匹兹堡睡眠质量指数积分进行比较发现,治疗后的各项积分均下降明显,存在显著(P <0.01)甚至极显著变化(P <0.01),表明刺络拔罐法调理中焦对于改善失眠患者临床相关症状有显著作用。结论应用刺络拔罐法调理中焦治疗失眠有明显的临床疗效,具有增加睡眠时间、提高睡眠质量、缓解睡眠障碍、改善生活质量的作用;对失眠引起的较严重影响患者生活质量的并发症如耳鸣、便秘、腹泻具有良好疗效。%Objective To make a series of clinical observation and efficacy assessment on regulating the Sanjiao(the spleen and stomach)treatment of insomnia by blood-letting puncture and cupping,definite the superiority of this treatment of in-somnia.Methods Following Professor Wang Yin,we collected cases in line with the “Chinese Medicine Clinical Research Guidelines” insomnia diagnostic criteria.Using regulating the Sanjiao treatment of insomnia by blood-letting puncture and cup-ping,we completed a total of 37 cases.Results The clinical symptom index score,the TCM syndrome index score and Pitts-burgh Sleep Quality index score were compared before and after the treatment,we made a discovery that all the scores were sig-nificantly decreased after the treatment.There were significant(P <0.01)and even pole significant changes(P <0.01),explained blood-letting puncture and cupping for improving the clinical symptoms associated with insomnia patients have significant effect. Conclusion Blood-letting puncture and cupping treatment of insomnia have significant clinical efficacy with increasing sleep time,improving sleep quality

  6. Medical men, women of letters, and treatments for eighteenth-century hysteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meek, Heather

    2013-03-01

    This paper explores evolving treatments for hysteria in the eighteenth century by examining a selection of works by both physician-writers and educated literary women. The treatments I identify--which range from aggressive bloodlettings, diets, and beatings, to exercise, fresh air, and writing cures--reveal a unique culture of therapy in which female sufferers and doctors exert an influence on one another's notions of what constitutes appropriate management of women's mental illness. A scrutiny of this exchange of ideas suggests that female patients were not simply oppressed and silenced by male practitioners; rather, their collective voice, intellect, and expertise helped to form progressive treatments for eighteenth-century hysteria. PMID:23192402

  7. French influence on the development of medicine in Louisiana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, J

    1990-01-01

    The paper presents a brief survey of the state of medicine in the 18th century with an emphasis upon developments in France. In the early nineteenth century the emergence of the Paris Clinical School made France pre-eminent in medicine. Its leaders emphasized localism, correlated symptoms with postmortem reports, and introduced clinical statistics. They also introduced the stethoscope and the techniques of auscultation and palpation and were the first to recognize that excessive bloodletting, purging and other depletory measures were harmful. The French population in Louisiana continued to look to France for educational and intellectual leadership well into the nineteenth century, and the findings of the Paris Clinical School had an immediate impact upon Louisiana medicine, leading to a clash between the French-speaking physicians who emphasized moderation and good nursing and the English-speaking practitioners who believed in drastic intervention.

  8. 针刺放血疗法治疗疟疾140例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弘; 任琳

    2003-01-01

    Objective: In Zambia, malaria is very common and the symptoms are very different. The treatment of malaria is very difficult because of the drug resistance to one drug after another. Many patients could not be cured by drug. The author treated malaria 140 cases by bloodletting therapy and obtained successful effect. Methods: The disposable needles were used to prick Erjian point and 8 to 10 drops blood were squeezed out. Then Dazhui point was pricked twice or three times, cupping on the point about 10 minutes and 10 to 20 drops blood were drown out. After that, according to different symptoms of malaria, different points were elected and different therapy was applied in addition. Results: Of the 140 cases, 77 were recovery (55.00%), 51 improved (36.43%), and 12 ineffective (8.57%). The total effective rate was 91.43%. Conclusion: Results show acupuncture is an effective method for treatment of malaria in Zambia.

  9. Factoring tradotronic media communication for human security management and social stability in Nigerian communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Kelechi Johnmary

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The level of killing and bloodletting in Nigeria is increasing every second, minute, hour, day, month and year. Man, animals, properties etc are increasingly under threat in contemporary Nigerian society. The causes of the massive insecurity of lives and properties remain multi-dimensional. This paper is centered on the need to factor tradotronic media for human security management in Nigeria. It reveals that the dimensions of human insecurity in Nigeria, include but not limited to assassination-based human insecurity, robbery/kidnapping related human insecurity, political-related human insecurity, ethnic-based human insecurity, inter-communal conflict-related human insecurity, religious-motivated human insecurity and multi-dimensional conflict related human insecurity. The paper calles on all lovers of life and human dignity to rise up and defend the survival and existence of every breathing soul around him or her in this sovereign entity, called Nigeria.

  10. 针灸治疗寻常性痤疮临床观察%Clinical Therapeutic Effect of Acupuncture Treatment for Acne Vulgaris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙亦农; 陈丽姝

    2013-01-01

    目的:采用近部选穴与远部选穴配合,针刺与放血结合的方法,观察针灸治疗寻常性痤疮的临床疗效.方法:采用痤疮综合分级系统量表(GAGS),对比观察针灸治疗前后及不同疗程对寻常性痤疮各类皮损的疗效影响.结果:寻常性痤疮患者通过8周针刺治疗后,绝大部分患者在痤疮各类皮损方面都有所好转,并且有显著的统计学意义(P<0.001).结论:近部选穴与远部选穴配合,针刺与放血结合的方法对寻常性痤疮的疗效是十分确切的,而且随治疗周期的增加而增加.%Objective:This study was to observe the clinical effect of acupuncture treatment combined with blood-letting at local points plus distant points on acne vulgaris.Methods:The Global Acne Gading System (GAGS) scale was used to contrast and the effect on various types of skin lesions caused by acne vulgaris was observed before and after treatments and the changes of these skin lesions in different treatment cycles were also observed.Results:After eight weeks treatment,the vast majority of patients in all types of acne lesions had been improved,and there was a significant statistical difference (P < 0.001).Conclusion:Filiform needle acupuncture combined with blood-letting can be the valid treatment for acne vulgaris,and the efficacy is associated with treatment cycles.

  11. A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON HYPOTHALAMIC MECHANISMS OF ANALGESIA INDUCED BY FOUR KINDS OF ACUPUNCTURE THERAPIES IN ADJUVANT ARTHRITIS RATS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Yi; LIANG Fan-rong; TAO Qiao-lin

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To compare the mechanisms of analgesia induced by four kinds of acupuncture therapies at the hypothalamic level in adjuvant arthritic rats. Methods: Forty-eight SD rats were randomized into normal, model, electroacupuncture (EA), filiform needle (FN), pricking blood-letting (BL) and point injection (PI) groups, with 8 cases in each. EA (20-100 Hz, 2-4 V and duration of 20 min), FN, BL PI were respectively applied to "Kunlun" (昆仑BL 60). Arthritis model was established by injecting complete Freund's adjuvant (0.1 mL) into the rat's right foot pad. Behavioral reactions, pain threshold (latency of tail flick to heat stimulation) and local swelling severity (foot volume) were detected; the contents of β-endorphin (β-EP) and adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) were assayed with radioimmunoassay; and the expression of pro-opi-omelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in hypothalamus were determined with hybridization method. Results: The pain threshold was significantly enhanced by all the four kinds of acupuncture therapies, and the effects of EA and PI were more obvious (P0.05). The content of β-EP in the hypothalamus was obviously elevated by EA and FN (P0.05). The content of ACTH in hypothalamus was considerably elevated by PI (P<0.05), but not by the other three therapies. The expression of POMCmRNA in hypothalamus was significantly strengthened by EA and FN (P<0.01), but not by the other two therapies. Conclusion: EA, filiform needle, blood-letting and point-injection all can produce analgesic effect in adjuvant arthritis rats, the effect of EA and filiform needle may be related to their resultant increase of hypothalamic β-EP, and that of point-injection related to the increase of hypothalamic ACTH level.

  12. La sangría en el Liber de Arte Medendi (1564 de Cristóbal de Vega (1511-1537

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández, Justo

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the interesting and significant chapter on the bloodletting, included in the medical treatise entitled the Liber de arte medendi (1564 of Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573, has been studied. His doctrine, mainly with regard to the morbus lateralis, supports the proper one from the most of the sixteenth century authors belonging to the medical humanism: a copious bloodletting in the elbow`s flexure of the homolateral arm. In addition to the Vesalius’ anatomical contributions on the venous tree recorded in that chapter, Vega has a debate on certain controversial aspects with the contemporary doctors Argenterio and Fuchs. In spite of his fidelity to the galenism, Vega shows some practical disagreements concerning its use in children, pregnant women and its achievement up to fainting.

    En este artículo se ha estudiado el interesante y significativo capítulo sobre la sangría, incluido en el tratado de medicina titulado Liber de arte medendi (1564 de Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573. Su doctrina, sobre todo en lo que atañe al morbus lateralis, sigue la de la mayoría de los autores del quinientos pertenecientes al humanismo médico: sangría abundante en la flexura del codo del brazo homolateral. Además de recoger las aportaciones anatómicas de Vesalio sobre el árbol venoso, Vega polemiza sobre ciertos aspectos controvertidos con los médicos coetáneos Argenterio y Fuchs. A pesar de su fidelidad al galenismo, Vega muestra algunas discrepancias prácticas relativas a su uso en niños y embarazadas y a su aplicación hasta el desvanecimiento.

  13. 口服补液对致死性失血性休克犬血液动力学和微循环灌注的影响%Effects of oral rehydration On hemodynamics and microcirculatory perfusion in dogs with fatal hemorrhagic shock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡森; 李琳; 侯经元; 王瑞晨

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of oral rehydration on hemedynamies and mierocirculatory perfusion in dogs with fatal hemorrhagic shock.Methods Twenty male Beagle dogs 16-20 months old weighing 8-12 ks were subjected to a loss of 40% of the total blood volume,then divided into 3 groups:no rehydration group (group NR,n=8),oral rehydration group(group OR,n=6)and intravenous rehydration group(group IR,n=6).Group NR received no treatment within 24 h after blood-letting.Group IR and OR were given glucose-electrolyte solution (GES) either by gastric tube or by intravenous infusion 3 times volume of the blood loss immediately after the establishment of the model.Then the lactated Ringer's solution,glucose saline and compound amino acid(2 times volume of the blood loss)were started to be given to supplement the physiological consumption from 24 h after blood-letting in each group.The MAP,cardiac index(CI),systemic vascular resistance (SVR),dp/dtmax,and intestinal mucoflal blood flow (IMBF) were determined before blood-letting(T0,baseline) and 2 h (T1),4 h(T2),8 h(T3),24 h(T4),48 h(T5) and 72 h(T6)after blood-letting.The fatality rate within 72 h after blood-letting and urinary output were calculated.Results The fatality rates were 63%,33%and O in group NR, OR and IR respectively, which showed significant difference between the groups (P 0.05). MAP, CI, dp/dtmax , IMBF and urinary output were significantly higher, while SVR was significantly lower in group OR and IR than in group NR ( P 0.05).与NR组比较,OR组和IR组MAP、CI、dp/dtmax 和IMBF升高,SVR降低,尿量增多(P<0.05);与IR组比较,OR组MAP、CI、dp/dtmax和IMBF降低,SVR升高,尿量降低(P<0.05).结论 大致死性失血性休克后24 h内口服3倍失血量的葡萄糖-电解质溶液能显著改善血液动力学和机体微循环灌注,从而改善机体的生存状态,具有显著的复苏效果.

  14. Calculating point of origin of blood spatter using laser scanning technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakim, Nashad; Liscio, Eugene

    2015-03-01

    The point of origin of an impact pattern is important in establishing the chain of events in a bloodletting incident. In this study, the accuracy and reproducibility of the point of origin estimation using the FARO Scene software with the FARO Focus(3D) laser scanner was determined. Five impact patterns were created for each of three combinations of distances from the floor (z) and the front wall (x). Fifteen spatters were created using a custom impact rig, scanned using the laser scanner, photographed using a DSLR camera, and processed using the Scene software. Overall results gave a SD = 3.49 cm (p < 0.0001) in the x-direction, SD = 1.14 cm (p = 0.9291) in the y-direction, and SD = 9.08 cm (p < 0.0115) in the z-direction. The technique performs within literature ranges of accepted accuracy and reproducibility and is comparable to results reported for other virtual stringing software.

  15. Utilizing QFD model to determine quality characteristics of the products and priority needs of customers in the medical industry products (Case Study: Plasma seat product in mashhad`s Sahateb medical equipment company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeinab Armoun

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Quality Function Deployment (QFD as one of the quality engineering methods; originates from market study and product or service customers identification, where by determining their needs; tries to involve them in all stages of product or service development. This study uses QFD method to apply customers’ criteria in production of Coach Plasma in Mashhad`s Sahateb Company. Coach Plasma is used for healthy bloodletting. The proposed study of this paper designed and distributed a questionnaire, which includes identification & determination of customers’ needs and investigation of their satisfaction of manufactured products, while looking for technical and engineering characteristics related to their needs. The Coach Plasma costumers are categorized into two groups of local and external customers. Data collection was done based on available documents, experts opinions, structured interview with managers and questionnaire. Customers’ needs were studied in QFD teams. Collecting essential information such as needs importance degree and competitive benchmarking of customer`s needs, the weight of each need has been evaluated. In this research, House of Quality was used from first matrix of QFD leading to estimation of engineering & technical characteristics in order to enter to the quality deployment matrix. Take a look at obtained results, we could mention the role of each of these external factors in satisfaction of Sahateb Company customers and technical characteristics of the company in providing these factors and the prioritization of the customer's needs.

  16. Scurvy and cloudberries: a chapter in the history of nutritional sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luca, Luigi M De; Norum, Kaare R

    2011-12-01

    We translated two Latin texts about scurvy. One is by Ambrosius Rhodius, who in 1635 published his doctoral thesis on scurvy. This contains aspects of 16th- and 17th-century folklore medicine. The other is a 1593 letter by Henrik Høyer (Hoierus), a German physician in Bergen, Norway. The letter states that in Norway grew a plant, Chamaemorus Norvegicus, whose berries had curative abilities against scurvy. Rhodius lists symptoms of scurvy and suggests ingestion of fatty and smoked foods as etiological agents. He thought that a malfunction of the spleen was involved in this disease, so that the undigested parts of the chylus perturbed liver function. Plants with curative abilities were "those that abound in volatile salts." He listed seven facilitating causes of scurvy and its therapies. These included blood-letting after laxatives and root extracts. The star of the show was the cloudberry, which had miraculous effects on scurvy patients. Palliative care included a bath containing decoction of brooklime, water cress, mallow, hogweed, roman chamomile, and similar plants. Before bathing, the person was to drink an extract of wormwood, scurvy grass, or elder. As medication for gums and teeth, Rhodius recommended rosemary, hyssop, bistort, sage, nasturtium, waterweed, creeping Jenny, and scurvy grass. He referred to medications described by Albertus, Sennertus, and in antiquity by Hippocrates and Galenus. We discuss the manuscripts by Høyer and Rhodius in light of earlier treatments and opinions about scurvy. PMID:22013203

  17. [Health and death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zegers, R H C

    2002-12-21

    Not much is known about the medical history and cause of death of the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791). Contrary to popular opinion, Mozart was not an exceptionally ill child and as an adult he generally enjoyed good health. At the age of 9 years he experienced a life-threatening illness, which was probably typhoid fever. On the left-hand side he had what has since become known as 'Mozart's ear', a pinna with under-development of the anthelical fold. His psychological condition gives rise to the notion that he was not exceptional, but that he responded to the events in his life in a normal manner. His terminal illness was characterised by edema of hands and feet, without any associated dyspnoea being described. The medical treatment was aggressive: enema, bloodletting on several occasions and treatment with a laxative substance. He was burried in an anonymous grave. The skull that was later ascribed to him was not his own, as no element of the denture fits with the tooth abscess he was known to have experienced. An overdose of mercury during the treatment of syphilis seems to be unlikely, as equally Henoch-Schönlein-purpura and the consequences of acute rheumatism. Trichinosis is a recent hypothesis which fits the terminal symptoms and the fact that Mozart was fond of pork. The diagnosis of his physician Closset was 'hitsiges Frieselfieber', which was possibly caused by one of the many infectious diseases prevalent at that time.

  18. Comparative study on traumatic effect and L-selectin change made by two blooddrawing modes in rat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jingye Pan; Dakai Chen; Zhijian Shen; Lei Chen; Weixing Zhu

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To compare carotid catheters blooddrawing and tail-cut blooddrawing in traumatizing rats and changing their internal L-selectin. Methods: Two ways of bloodletting were selected to produce hemorrhagic shock models. Monoclonal antibody sign and flow cytometer were used to test neutrophil L-selectin dynamic expression in rats. Results: No remarkable differences were shown among different time points in neutrophil L-selectin expressing amount (average fluorescence index)( P > 0.05). Compared with the normal control group, all cell surface expressions in empirical control group increased. Cell surface expressions reached the summit at 3 hours and kept the high level at 4-5 hours. A progressive increase of the mRNA expression peaked at 5 hours; the expressions in both groups of carotid catheters blooddrawing increased compared with normal control group, and remained stable after 3 hours compared with the Tail-cut Blooddrawing Group. Conclusion: L-selectin expressions changed little in tail-cut blooddrawing rats, while carotid catheters resulted moderate or sever trauma. Therefore, it was suggested that it should not be set as hemorrhagic shock control model. As neutrophil L-selection expressions increased after trauma, the adhesion of leucocytes to the venule wall may be beneficial to the healing of wound and enhance the ability of anti-infection. The immediate increasing of neutrophil surface L-selectin expressions in this study was likely due to the direct release of Lselectin from cytoplasm granules that do not depend on protein synthesis.

  19. [Osteopathic medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, P; Lepers, Y; Salem, W

    2011-09-01

    Osteopathy is originated in the 19th century in the United States. Andrew Taylor Still seek for an alternative medical system to the orthodox medicine largely empirical and advocating bloodletting, calomel, etc., all of which was resumed with terms like" heroic medicine". Osteopathy as other alternative medical practices (homeopathy, eclecticism, etc.) based on rational and metaphysical postulates as vitalism or the fact that man is a divinely ordained machine. Still's approach was essentially manual and based on manipulation of the joints. Today osteopaths challenge these dogmas and seek to agree their practice within scientific biomedical standards. Even if strong randomized clinical trials are lacking, several surveys report how osteopathy gained public notoriety. Several recent meta-analyses pinpoint the benefit of the spinal manipulative treatment and even if there is no evidence that such an approach is superior to other advocated therapies there is no evidence that these therapies are more effective than the first one. The major indications for such a treatment are cervical and low back pain, either chronic or acute. The quality of the relationship between the practitioner and patient together with the placebo effect are important components of a treatment effect. Osteopathic education is an important aspect and only higher education institutions, i.e. universities can achieve and maintain adequate standards. Materia medica and surgery represent the two major therapeutic mainstreams in medicine; osteopathy considered as manual medicine could be the third one. PMID:22034767

  20. Hvězdářství krále Jana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Černá, Alena M.; Hadrava, Petr; Hadravová, Alena; Stluka, Martin

    The critical edition of the collection "King John's Astronomy" is based on the Old Czech manuscript written at the beginning of the 15th century which is preserved at the Library of the National Museum in Prague (ms. II F 14). The collection consists of several separate parts - first of all it contains astronomical and astrological treatises refering to Ptolemy's works. Explanations on the impact of the seven planets and twelve zodiacal signs on the fate of man, who was born under their influence, prevail in the texts. The texts which are connected with Hippocrates and Galenos' doctrines about humoral physiology and humoral pathology are another subject. They are supplemented by a treatise on blood-letting and by pharmaceutical instructions on different weight units. Another treatise deals with God, God's acts and with human fate. The manuscript also contains calendar tools for the calculation of Easter and other feasts during the year. The origin of this Old Czech text coincides with the period of the development of national languages as languages of science. Vocabulary contained in the manuscript is rich. It yields evidence about the formation of terminological systems in various fields involved in the collection. The Old Czech language of this literary monument exhibits unexpectedly archaic features. The present edition is a result of interdisciplinary collaboration of researchers from the fields of diachronic Bohemistics, classical philology, and astronomy. The publication is completed with the critical apparatus, indices, vocabulary, by a list of the chosen literature and other related supplements.

  1. 近5年针灸治疗周围性面瘫的研究概况%Acupuncture Treatment for Peripheral Facial Paralysis in Recent Five Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙静远; 张永臣

    2014-01-01

    This article aims to reflect the research during the past five years about acupuncture treatment for peripheral facial paralysis .Acupuncture , moxibustion , bloodletting , point injection and integrated therapy were reviewed respectively .Acupuncture and moxibustion has a unique advantage and a good effect in the treatment of peripheral facial paralysis ,but there are also some problems to be solved urgently ,and the therapy needs further exploration in order to better guide clinical treatment .%本研究旨在体现近5年来针灸治疗周围性面瘫的研究进展,分别从针刺、艾灸、放血、穴位注射以及综合疗法等方面进行综述。认为针灸对于周围性面瘫的治疗有独特的优势以及良好的效果,同时也存在一些亟待解决的问题,需要进一步探索,以更好的指导临床治疗。

  2. 舌三针合金津玉液治疗脑卒中后吞咽障碍临床观察%Clinical observation on treating post-stroke dysphagia by tongue Three-needle and Jinjin Yuye point

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘麒麟; 邱厚道

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe curative effects of tongue Three-needle and Jinjin Yuye point on treating post-stroke dysphagia. Methods:64 patients with post-stroke dysphagia were randomly divided into control group of 31cases and experimental group of 33cases. All the patients received regular medication, and experimental group receiving acupuncture with tongue Three-needle and prick bloodletting with Jinjinyuye point in addition. Result:Compared with control group,experimental group was better in cured rate and total efficacy rate. Conclusion:Tongue Three-needle and Jinjin Yuye point has good curative effect on treating post-stroke dysphagia.%目的:观察舌三针合金津玉液治疗脑卒中后吞咽障碍的临床疗效。方法:将64例患者随机分为治疗组33例,对照组31例,两组均予常规药物治疗,治疗组加用针刺舌三针及点刺金津玉液放血。结果:治疗组的治愈率及总有效率优于对照组。结论:舌三针合金津玉液对于治疗脑卒中后吞咽障碍有良好的疗效。

  3. Erythrocytapheresis. A method for rapid extracorporeal elimination of erythrocytes. Results in 65 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoller, W G; Kellner, H; Spengel, F A

    1988-05-01

    We report on the progress of a new modified method of phlebotomy, erythrocytapheresis, as a means of fast therapeutic removal of erythrocytes from the circulation. We performed erythrocytapheresis in 65 patients. In 18 patients with central venous thrombosis of the eye, the beneficial effect of this procedure proved superior to the traditional approach. In 29 patients with primary or secondary polycythemia, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and blood viscosity could be lowered drastically for up to 11 months by a single erythrocytapheresis. We performed erythrocytapheresis in an effort to deplete the iron stores in patients with hemochromatosis (14 cases) and in patients with porphyria cutanea tarda (4 cases). Several consecutive erythrocytaphereses were necessary, however, to even slightly lower the amounts of stored iron as measured by serum iron, iron-binding capacity, and serum ferritin in these patients. The intervals between treatment were 2 to 11 months, thus much longer than the intervals between blood-lettings. We did not observe any adverse side effects. There was no significant influence on the clotting system, and no reactive thrombocytosis as described after phlebotomies.

  4. ANALGESIC AND ANTI INFLAMMATORY EFFECT OF LEECH THERAPY (JALAUKAVCHARAN IN THE PATIENTS OF OSTEOARTHRITIS (SANDHIGATA VATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Akhilesh Kumar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease is the most common joint disorder. It mostly affects cartilage. The top layer of cartilage breaks down and wears away. Osteoarthritis is of two types, primary (idiopathic and secondary. In idiopathic osteoarthritis, the most common form of the disease, no predisposing factor is apparent. Secondary OA is pathologically indistinguishable from idiopathic OA but is attributable to an underlying cause. The NSAID’S are main drug of choice in modern medicine which have lots of side effect therefore are not safe for long term therapy. Raktamokshan viz bloodletting is one of the ancient and important parasurgical procedure described in Ayurveda for treatment of various diseases. Of them, Jalaukavacharana or Leech Therapy has gained greater attention globally, because of its medicinal values. The saliva of leech contains numerous biologically active substances, which has anti-inflammatory, analgesic as well as anesthetic property. Keeping this view in mind we have started leech therapy in the patients of osteoarthritis and found encouraging results.

  5. Ass essment Report of Preventing and Treating Hypertension with Auricular Therapy Combined with Community-based Intervention%耳穴疗法结合社区干预对高血压病的防治价值评估报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐虹; 刘继洪; 陈健英; 陈海佳; 潘国昌; 钟海声; 孙国强

    2015-01-01

    of 328 people) from 300 hypertension cases screened from the community members by Baiyun Heath Service Cen-ter.360 cases were randomized into a heath study group(Group A),an auricular point sticking and ear tip bloodletting group(Group B),a Chinese medicine taking Group(Group C),an auricular point sticking ,ear tip bloodletting plus Chinese medicine taking group( Group D) .The corporeities of 360 patients were identified by TCM corporeity identification software from Emperor Yan Oriental ( Beijing) Health Technology Co.Ltd after questionnaire survey.Then the treatments including heath study,auricular point sticking and ear tip bloodlet-ting,Chinese medicine taking,ear tip bloodletting plus Chinese medicine taking were respectively given to the 4 groups.One year later, the questionnaire survey analysis and the TCM corporeity were given to the 328 valid hy-pertension patients again.Results:After treatment, the blood pressure of patients was obviously improved with statistical significance ( P<0 .05 ) and the blood pressure of Group D compared with other three groups was of the most significant difference, with a statistical significance (P<0.05).Before treatment,the rate of hyper-tension awareness in Baiyun Street community was 65 .3%and the rate of the treatment was 77.77%and the hy-pertension control rate was 81.66%.The rates of corporeity of Yin-yang balance, Yang deficiency, Qi defi-ciency and turbid phlegm obstruction were 21.73%, 17.39%, 17.39%and 15.94%respectively.After treat-ment,the rate of hypertension awareness in Baiyun Street community was 86.29%and the rate of treatment was 82.31%and the hypertension control rate was 88.41%.The rates of the corporeity of Yin-yang balance, Yang deficiency, Qi deficiency, turbid phlegm obstruction were 23.48%,17.68%,17.68% and 15.24% respec-tively.Conclusion:Preventing and treating hypertension with auricular therapy combined with community -based intervention can get a good result as it monitors the patients

  6. Herpes zoster treated with meridian-collateral electric information therapy combined with pricking and cupping%经络电信息诊疗法结合刺络拔罐治疗带状疱疹

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴杰; 阴爱华; 周膺; 阴丽君

    2011-01-01

    目的:寻找治疗带状疱疹的最佳穴位.方法:将200例患者随机分为观察组和对照组,每组100例.观察组用经络电信息诊疗仪探测经络找出与疾病有关的"痛经口"进行电刺激和刺络放血拔罐,对照组予口服阿昔洛韦.结果:观察组探查的"病经口"多位于阿是穴、章门、带脉、期门、大包等.观察组的总有效率为100.0%(100/100),优于对照组的60.0%(60/100)(P<0.000 1),且观察组的止痛、止疱、结痂时间均明显短于对照组(均P<0.000 1).观察组没有一例发生后遗神经痛,对照组后遗神经痛的发生率为26.0%(26/100).结论:经络诊疗仪探测出"痛经口"进行电刺激和刺络放血拔罐治疗带状疱疹可及时有效缓解疼痛,并防止后遗神经痛的发生.%Objective To explore the best acupoints for the treatment of herpes zoster. Methods Two hundred cases were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 100 cases in each one. In observation group,meridian-collateral electric information diagnosis and treatment instrument was used to detect meridian and collateral so as to find out the relevant “sick meridian open” for electric stimulation, bloodletting and cupping. In control group, Acyclovir was administered orally. Results In observation group, it had been detected that “sick meridian open” were mostly localized in Ashi point (Extra), Zhangmen ( LR 13), Daimai (GB 26), Qimen (LR 14 ), Dabao (SP 15), etc. The totally effective rate in observation group was 100.0% (100/100) that was superior to 60.0%(60/100) in control group (P<0. 000 1). Additionally, the time for pain relief, blister relief and scarring in observation group was shorter obviously than that in control group (P<0. 000 1). There was no case of post-herpetic neuralgia in observation group, but the incidence of it in control group was 26.0% (26/100). Conclusion Meridian-collateral diagnosis and treatment instrument detects “sick meridian open

  7. Chancellor Angela Merkel: A Celtic Satire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Stephens

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Glosses on Chancellor Angela Merkel: In ancient times the poets of Ireland and Scotland wrote satires on royals and chiefs they held to be administratively challenged and/or ungenerous to needy bards. The poems were not in strict form, but, generally, 17 line stanzas implied “should be put down”, while 13 line stanzas connoted “harmless but dim”. Walküre, whence Valkyrie, means “chooser of the slain” in Old German. In the bloodletting attending the formation of the present Grand Coalition in Germany, Edmund Stoiber was a casualty and withdrew, embittered, to lead Bavaria again. Angela is widely reported to find relief from the tensions of major political crises by baking cakes, a method more acceptable to the German middle-class than that once favoured by President Clinton. Prince Potemkin, lover and right-hand-man, of Czarina Catherine II, is – maybe slanderously – supposed to have had fake villages built in which actors mimed happy peasants as she drove past in her carriage. When Bush visited Angela’s provincial electorate, the real locals were sent somewhere else, while blokes from Germany’s security services replaced them, smiling, cheering and waving American flags. Consuming coffee and cake at 4 p.m. is the only Categorical Imperative that Germany absolutely obeys. The plot of Wagner’s Twilight of the Gods resembles a stale lamington, as do Germany’s present economic woes. The Grand Coalition is also looking crumbly and dry, despite Angela’s keeping it in the fridge in glad-wrap.

  8. Exploring the applicability of equine blood to bloodstain pattern analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larkin, Bethany A J; Banks, Craig E

    2016-07-01

    Bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA) is the forensic application of the interpretation of distinct patterns which blood exhibits during a bloodletting incident, providing key evidence with its ability to map the sequence of events. Here, we explore the use of equine blood and investigate its suitability within the field of BPA. Blood is a complex fluid, and finding a suitable safe substitute to human blood that encompasses all of its characteristics has been the focus of many investigations. Animal blood has been concluded as the closest and therefore the most suitable alternate. However, it seems that currently only porcine blood is most prominently utilised.In this study, equine blood was investigated, using two different anti-clotting methods, where blood impacts were explored over a typical range of varying impact velocities upon a selection of commonly encountered surfaces. Key BPA parameters, such as the diameters of the resulting bloodstains, number of spines and area of origin were measured, which were subsequently applied into previously derived BPA equations.We find that defibrinated equine blood is a suitable alternative and offers the same conclusive outcomes to human blood. This gives bloodstain pattern investigators and researchers an additional choice of blood which can be of benefit when certain bloods are difficult to attain or when the activity involves the usage of a large quantity of blood. Additionally we explore the effect on BPA of aged blood, which revealed a significant decrease in stain diameter of up to 12.78 % when blood has been left for 57 days. A shelf life of no more than 12 days is recommended when blood is refrigerated at 4℃. PMID:25013163

  9. More than just a cut: a qualitative study of penile practices and their relationship to masculinity, sexuality and contagion and their implications for HIV prevention in Papua New Guinea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelly Angela

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Male circumcision (MC has been shown to reduce vaginal transmission of HIV to men. While community acceptability is important in a countries preparedness to introduce MC, it is equally important to map contemporary MC and other penile cutting practices, and the socio-cultural dimensions underpinning these practices. Methods A total of 482 men and women (n = 276 and n = 210, respectively participated in 82 semi-structured and 45 focus group discussions from four different provinces of Papua New Guinea (PNG, each representing one of the four socially and geographically diverse regions of the country. Results Of the men interviewed 131 self-reported that they had undergone a penile alteration with some reporting multiple types. Practices were diverse and could be grouped into five broad categories: traditional (customary penile cutting; contemporary penile cutting; medical circumcision; penile inserts; and penile bloodletting practices in which sharp objects are used to incise the glans and or inserted and withdrawn from the male urethra or in order to induce bleeding. Socio-cultural traditions, enhanced sexual pleasure and improved genital hygiene were key motivators for all forms of penile practices. Conclusions The findings from this study highlight the complex and diverse nature of penile practices in PNG and their association with notions of masculinity, sexuality and contagion. Contemporary penile practices are critical to a community’s acceptance of MC and of a country’s ability to successfully implement MC in the context of a rich and dynamic culture of penile practices. If a MC program were to be successfully rolled out in PNG to prevent HIV it would need to work within and build upon these diverse cultural meanings and motivators for penile practices already commonly performed in PNG by men.

  10. 寻常型痤疮的中医外治体会%Experience of Chinese medicine in the external treatment to acne vulgaris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘祖丽

    2014-01-01

    痤疮是一种好发于青春期男女的皮肤疾病。易反复发作,影响容颜美观,特别是中重度(Ⅱ-Ⅳ度)寻常性痤疮给患者容貌及心理健康带来严重影响。中医外治法对其有较好的疗效。通过介绍毫针刺法、放血疗法、穴位注射、梅花针面部叩刺、中药面膜、中药熏蒸等常用的中医外治方法,进一步探讨中重度寻常性痤疮的治疗。%Acne is a skin disease,occurs in adolescents.It’ s easy to repeated attacks,affect the appearance of beautiful ,es-pecially in moderate to severe (Ⅱ-Ⅳ)acne vulgaris has seriously affected the appearance and the mental health of patients,with ex-ternal therapy of traditional Chinese medicine,has a good effect on the diseases.Through the introduction of traditional Chinese medi-cine treatment of acupuncture,bloodletting therapy,acupoint injection,plum blossom needle facial tapping,herbal mask,herbal fumi-gation and other commonly used,in order to improve the treatment of moderate to severe acne vulgaris.

  11. A CRITICAL REVIEW ON HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF JALAUKAVACHARAN (HIRUDOTHERAPY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verma Dilip Kumar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, is one of the few examples of the use of invertebrates in the treatment of human disease. Leech therapy also known as Hirudotherapy (mentioned as Jalaukavacharan in Ayurveda played an important role because it was used for medicinal "blood-letting" and "purification" - a practice believed to cure a variety of ailments from gout to headaches. The use of leeches began to become less widespread towards the end of the 19th century. But leech therapy has now again emerged as widely useful therapy in large number of diseases and is attracting the eyes of researchers all over the world. In Ayurveda, Jalaukavacharana has been mentioned as one of the processes of Raktamokshana. Ayurveda scholars have devoted full chapters in their texts depicting identification, collection, preservation, method of application, indications etc. of leeches which proves its popularity in medical field since ancient times. Besides its wide indications, its easy applicability without producing any adverse effects is also another reason why leech therapy has been practiced by Ayurvedic physicians since ancient times. In present era, role of leeches in microsurgery in setting of venous congestion associated with soft tissue replantations and free flap-based reconstructive surgery has been well accepted on various scientific grounds. In 21st century, studies have been done to prove its role in arthritis. But there are many more areas from headache to hypertension, where leeches are evident to give successful results. The need is to explore these areas and perform studies to make them globally accepted. Researchers in Faculty of Ayurveda, IMS, BHU are involved in various clinical as well as experimental studies to make the well evident clinical efficient therapy mentioned in Ayurveda scientifically accepted all over the world. These reasons, gave us the curiosity to explore the historical uses of leech therapy in view to establish its

  12. Efficacy Observation on Multiple Superficial Needling Combined with Alcohol Burning Method Treating Acute Ankle Sprain%扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高锋

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤的临床疗效.方法:86例急性踝关节扭伤患者随机分为治疗组和对照组各43例,治疗组采用扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法,对照组采用刺络拔罐治疗,观察两组疗效.结果:治疗组总有效率为100.00%,显著高于对照组的88.37%(P<0.01).结论:扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤疗效肯定,值得临床推广应用.%Objective: To observe the clinical effect of multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method treating acute ankle sprain. Methods:86 cases of acute ankle sprain were randomly divided into treatment group and control group with each of 43 cases, treatment group adopted multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method, control group with bloodletting puncture and cupping therapy, the cura-tive effect of the two groups were observed. Results:The total effective rate of treatment group was 100.00%, significantly higher than that of control group by 88.37% (P<0.01). Conclusion:The efficacy of multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method treating acute ankle sprain is definite, being worthy of clinical application.

  13. [Andreas Vesalius and surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hee, R

    1993-01-01

    By publishing De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem in 1543, Andries van Wesel (1514-1564) gave surgical science an immense impulse. The revolutionary renovation in the knowledge of man's anatomical structure changed slowly and progressively into topographical and physiological understanding of surgical diseases. At the same time, this made better aimed and more secure operations possible. Apart from the importance of this anatomical publication, Andreas Vesalius also won his spurs as a surgeon. He taught surgery in Padua for many years. He was appointed court physician and surgeon at the Habsburg Court of Charles V and Philip II. He personally performed lots of operations known at the time as major ones. He not only quickly adopted the surgical innovations of his fellow-surgeon Ambroise Paré, but he even performed operations that had been forgotten during several centuries, among which thoracocentesis for pleural empyema. His clinical perspicacity in discovering the indication for some operations was staggering and was appreciated by all great monarchs of Europe in the 16th century. In his several consilia, numerous pieces of advice were given for the treatment of surgical patients. The surgical practice which Vesalius had in Brussels for many years, consequently became most successful. Many publications by Vesalius about surgery and blood-letting are well-known. His Chirurgia magna in septem Libros digesta still remains controversial; these books were published by Prospero Borgarruccio (1560) in 1568 by the Venetian editor Valgrisi. This book gives an excellent survey of surgical pathology as it was taught and treated in the 16th century. The scientific method that Vesalius used, not only in his anatomical studies but also in his surgical practice, deserves not only our full appraisal but should still be studied in our own time.

  14. 针灸治疗多汗症的临床研究概况%Clinical Research on Treatment of Hyperhidrosis by Acupuncture and Moxibustion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘双双; 胡幼平

    2013-01-01

    By Searching clinical research literature that acupuncture and moxibustion treat the hyperhidrosis for recent 20 years, summarize the different methods and therapeutic effect .Therapy for the symptom is from the traditional acupuncture and moxibustion to the combination of acupuncture with cupping , traditional Chinese medicine etc ,and the new therapies such as auricular therapy , point injection , acupoint application bloodlet-ting.And every therapy has a definite effects .The curative effect of acupuncture in combination with other thera-pies are more significant than simple acupuncture .Acupuncture and moxibustion for treating hyperhidrosis has u-nique therapeutic effect , and the therapy is simple and safe with few side effects .%通过检索近20年来针灸治疗多汗症的临床研究文献,总结针灸治疗的不同方法及疗效。针灸治疗多汗的疗法从传统的针灸到针灸与火罐、中药等的结合疗法及耳针、穴位注射、敷贴、刺络放血等新的方法。虽针灸疗法多样,但均疗效确切,且针灸结合疗法较单纯的针刺疗效更显著。针灸治疗多汗症具有独特的疗效,且操作简单安全,毒副作用小。

  15. Clinical and Experimental Study of Effects of Rhubarb on Gastrointestinal Blood Flow Perfusion in Critical Illness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of rhubarb on gastrointestinal blood perfusion in critical illness and hemorrhagic shocked rats.Methods: Clinical Study: Sixty-four septic patients, who suffered from stress ulcer, were treated with rhubarb at a dose of 25 mg/kg. Twenty-five non-septic patients were taken as control. The gastrointestinal perfusion was evaluated by intramural pH (pHi). Animal study: SD rats were anesthetized with intraperitoneal sodium pentobarbital at a dose of 20 mg/kg. Blood-letting were performed in the animals. Blood pressure reduced to 5.32 kPa and maintained for 120 mins. They were resuscitated at the end of shock by reinfusing all of the shed blood. The rats were randomly divided into four groups: Normal control, shock group, therapeutic group (shocked rats were treated with 50 mg/kg rhubarb at the end of shock) and rhubarb group (normal rats were treated with rhubarb). Laser Doppler was applied to estimate the gastrointestinal blood perfusion. Results: Clinical Study: The gastrointestinal pHi in septic patients was much lower than that in the control, whereas rhubarb could obviously elevate gastrointestinal pHi (P<0.001). In addition, rhubarb also had good effect on gastric hemorrhage caused by stress ulcer. Animal Study: Although the shocked rats were resuscitated completely, their gastrointestinal blood perfusion was much lower than that in the control. Rhubarb could significantly improve the blood perfusion in gastrointestinal mucosa and mesentery (P<0.01). Furthermore, rhubarb also increase the gastrointestinal perfusion in normal rats. Conclusion: Rhubarb could improve gastrointestinal blood perfusion in critical illness and shocked rats.

  16. Effect of intra-abdominal volume increment technique for the treatment of intra-abdominal hypertension on the liver after resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock in pig

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng-gang WANG

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To observe the effect of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD assisted intra-abdominal volume increment (IAVI technique on the liver in the treatment of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH following hemorrhagic shock resuscitation in pigs. Methods  Twelve healthy mini-pigs (Bama, Guangxi were selected for bloodletting from the femoral artery to reproduce hemorrhagic shock model (mean arterial blood pressure, 50mmHg, 1h, and IAH model was successfully reproduced in eight pigs by partial occlusion of portal vein. The eight pigs were randomly divided into the intra-abdominal volume increment treatment (IT group (n=4 and sham operation control (SC group (n=4. Vesical pressure (VP and inferior vena cava pressure (IVCP were observed before shock, 2h after IAH, and 22h after IAVI treatment. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST and alanine aminotransferase (ALT were measured. In addition, the ratio of the abdominal anteroposterior diameter to the transverse diameter was assessed, and the liver CT values were measured after enhanced CT scanning. The pigs were sacrificed 26h after operation. Liver specimens were collected to measure the ratio of wet weight to dry weight and pathological examination. Results  The VP in 8 IAH pigs was 21.16±4.63mmHg. The ratio of abdominal anteroposterior diameter to the transverse diameter increased remarkably 2h after IAH compared with that before shock (1.22±1.41 vs 0.96±0.08, PPvs 42.73±4.92HU, PPPvs 5.14±0.71, PConclusions  The established model could better reproduce the symptoms of IAH after hemorrhagic shock and fluid resuscitation, accompanied by liver damage. IAVI helps to relieve liver functional disturbance after IAH, which is related to decreased intra-abdominal pressure and hypoxia-ischemia of the liver.

  17. 扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤疗效观察%Efficacy Observation on Multiple Superficial Needling Combined with Alcohol Burning Method Treating Acute Ankle Sprain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高锋

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤的临床疗效.方法:86例急性踝关节扭伤患者随机分为治疗组和对照组各43例,治疗组采用扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法,对照组采用刺络拔罐治疗,观察两组疗效.结果:治疗组总有效率为100.00%,显著高于对照组的88.37%(P<0.01).结论:扬刺法针刺配合燃酒疗法治疗急性踝关节扭伤疗效肯定,值得临床推广应用.%Objective: To observe the clinical effect of multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method treating acute ankle sprain. Methods:86 cases of acute ankle sprain were randomly divided into treatment group and control group with each of 43 cases, treatment group adopted multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method, control group with bloodletting puncture and cupping therapy, the cura-tive effect of the two groups were observed. Results:The total effective rate of treatment group was 100.00%, significantly higher than that of control group by 88.37% (P<0.01). Conclusion:The efficacy of multiple superficial needling combined with alcohol burning method treating acute ankle sprain is definite, being worthy of clinical application.

  18. The Prevalence of Different Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission Routes and Knowledge about AIDS in Infected People with HIV in Sirjan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahin Behzadpour

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objective: The immune system of Patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS is weekend because of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection, and they become vulnerable to several opportunistic and non-opportunistic pathogens and different carcinomas. IV drug abuse, sexual contact, occupational transmission, blood transfusion and maternal-fetal transmission are well known transmission routes for HIV infection. This study was under taken to investigate the prevalence of HIV transmission routs in the HIV infected population of Sirjan, and their knowledge about the disease, in order to plan better preventive strategies. Materials & Methods: A cross sectional study was planned. During a 6-month period in 2010, all of the HIV infected people in Sirjan (old and new cases who had a file at the consultation center for high risk behavior, completed a valid and reliable questionnaire. Results: The definite route of transmission was not clear in any of the patients because they had more than one suspicious route. Injected drug abusers were the most common (88.4% followed by those who got tattoos (79.1%, invasive therapeutic procedures, dentistry, surgery and endoscopy (56.1%, high risk sexual behavior (62.8%, bloodletting (9.3%, injuries in the barbershop (9.3% and blood transfusion (2.3%. Conclusion: All of the HIV infected cases in Sirjan were involved with several high risk behaviors, but the major route of transmission, similar to other parts of the country was injected drug abuse. Educational programs for prevention of AIDS should be followed seriously and special attention should be paid to groups with multiple high risk behaviors.

  19. Effects of remifentanil on lipid peroxidation during hemorrhagic shock-induced acute lung injury in rabbits%瑞芬太尼对失血性休克兔急性肺损伤时脂质过氧化反应的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雅儒; 孟尽海; 李振洲; 倪新莉; 陈学新; 马汉祥; 马富强

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of remifentanil on lipid peroxidation druing hemorrhagic shock-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rabbits. Methods Thirty-two healthy adult rabbits weighing 2.0-2.5 kg were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 8 each): sham operation group (group S); ALI group; low-dose remifentanil group (group LR); high-dose remifentanil group (group HR). The left femoral artery was cannulated for blood-letting and blood sampling. The right femoral artery was cannulated for remifentanil administration. The model of hemorrhagic shock was established by modified Wigger' s methods. In group S, only cannulation was performed. In group LR and HR, remifentanil was infused intraperitoneally at 0.66 and 1.32 μg·kg-1 ·min-1 15 min before blood-letting respectively, while group ALI received equal volume of normal saline instead. Arterial blood samples were taken at 0, 20,70 and 100 min after blood-letting (T1-4) for blood gas analysis. The animals were then sacrificed and the lungs were immediately removed for histological examination with light microscope and determination of W/D lung weight ratio, MDA content and SOD activity. Results W/D ratio and MDA content were significantly increased, while SOD activity was significantly decreased in group ALI compared with group S (P <0.05). The pH value at T2 and PaO2 at T2-4 in group LR and the pH value and PaCO2 at T2-4 in group HR were significantly higher than those in group ALI (P < 0.05). W/D ratio and MDA content were significantly lower,while SOD activity was significantly higher in group LR and HR than in group ALI, and in group HR than in group LR (P < 0.05). Remifentanil infusion significantly attenuated the pathologic changes in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion Remifentanil pretreatment can attenuate hemorrhagic shock-induced ALI through inhibiting lipid peroxidation in rabbits.%目的 探讨瑞芬太尼对失血性休克兔急性肺损伤时脂质过氧化反应的影响.方法

  20. [Protective effect of arctigenin in GK rats combined with hypertension macroangiopathy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Qin; Sun, Bao-cun; Xia, Wen-kai

    2015-03-01

    To study the protective effect of Arctigenin in goto-kakizaki (GK) rats combined with hypertension macroangiopathy. Six-week-old GK rats were divided randomly according to blood glucose level into four groups: the model group and low, middle and high dose arctigenin groups (12.5, 25, 50 mg x kg(-1)), with Wistar rats as the normal group. All of GK rats were given high-glucose and high-fat diet. After 16 weeks, GK rats were orally administrated with 10 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) N-Ω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester for eight weeks. During the modeling, all of arctigenin groups were orally administrated with different dose of arctigenin twice a day; The model group and the normal group were given solvents. At the beginning, mid-term and end of the experiment, blood glucose was measured. At the end of the experiment, efforts were made to detect blood pressure, collect abdominal aortic blood after anesthesia, fix thoracic aorta after bloodletting to make paraffin sections, observe morphological characteristics and detect the expression of VEGF by immunohistochemistry. According to the results, the blood glucose rose in all GK rats, with no significant difference between the drug group and the model group. At the end of the experiment, the blood pressure significantly increased in GK rats, indicating that Arctigenin could notably reduce the blood pressure in GK rats in a dose-dependent manner. The blood routine test showed increases in both the total white blood cell count and differential blood count, MPV and PDW, abnormal blood platelet parameters and decrease in PLT in GK rats, suggesting that Arctigenin could remarkably reduce the total white blood cell count and differential blood count, MPV and PDW. The thoracic aortic morphological observation revealed obvious endangium lesions in GK rats, demonstrating that Arctigenin could ameliorate the lesion extent. VEGF immumohistochemical staining showed a higher VEGF expression in the model group but lower expression in Arctigenin

  1. [Protective effect of arctigenin in GK rats combined with hypertension macroangiopathy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Qin; Sun, Bao-cun; Xia, Wen-kai

    2015-03-01

    To study the protective effect of Arctigenin in goto-kakizaki (GK) rats combined with hypertension macroangiopathy. Six-week-old GK rats were divided randomly according to blood glucose level into four groups: the model group and low, middle and high dose arctigenin groups (12.5, 25, 50 mg x kg(-1)), with Wistar rats as the normal group. All of GK rats were given high-glucose and high-fat diet. After 16 weeks, GK rats were orally administrated with 10 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) N-Ω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester for eight weeks. During the modeling, all of arctigenin groups were orally administrated with different dose of arctigenin twice a day; The model group and the normal group were given solvents. At the beginning, mid-term and end of the experiment, blood glucose was measured. At the end of the experiment, efforts were made to detect blood pressure, collect abdominal aortic blood after anesthesia, fix thoracic aorta after bloodletting to make paraffin sections, observe morphological characteristics and detect the expression of VEGF by immunohistochemistry. According to the results, the blood glucose rose in all GK rats, with no significant difference between the drug group and the model group. At the end of the experiment, the blood pressure significantly increased in GK rats, indicating that Arctigenin could notably reduce the blood pressure in GK rats in a dose-dependent manner. The blood routine test showed increases in both the total white blood cell count and differential blood count, MPV and PDW, abnormal blood platelet parameters and decrease in PLT in GK rats, suggesting that Arctigenin could remarkably reduce the total white blood cell count and differential blood count, MPV and PDW. The thoracic aortic morphological observation revealed obvious endangium lesions in GK rats, demonstrating that Arctigenin could ameliorate the lesion extent. VEGF immumohistochemical staining showed a higher VEGF expression in the model group but lower expression in Arctigenin

  2. [Can we speak of the management of pain under the Empire?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Dantec, Pierre

    2014-01-01

    It is essential first to disregard all our knowledge and current certainties to plunge two centuries behind. Pain is recognized: physical, moral, chronic, acute. The story of analgesia finds the use of poppy, but with equal components, in variable quantity, the analgesic potion could be transformed into a poison. In the 17th century Sydenham vulgarizes the use of the laudanum known since the 16th, and the first general anesthesia will take place in 1846, we can say that, under the Empire, we are in the prehistory of the anesthesia. The positioning of the doctors and the surgeons in front of the pain is ambiguous. The pain is lived as inevitable, the first quality of the surgeon is its operating speed which allows to limit the duration of the sufferings. The practitioners in the contact of the suffering are going to try hard to develop clevernesses and subtleties to decrease this daily pain. The physical ways as baths or showers, bloodletting in the inflammatory pains, plants with antispasmodic property (valerian, peony, hemlock) and other more or less trivial pharmacological ways. On the battlefield, the ways are even more rationalized and limited, first the pharmacological ways with the laudanum and the liqueur of Hoffmann, surgery which, by a violent but brief pain, solves the problem of the traumatic pains. Dominique Larrey notices the analgesic effects of the cold, but he does not seem to have voluntarily used it. Acute drunkenness is recognized as dangerous. We are struck by the number of description of violent suicides, in particular at the Hôtel National des Invalides. Just like physical pain, moral suffering is recognized as a disease, described as melancholy but without any practical or therapeutic consequence. Under the Empire, pain is taken care of, according to the criteria of the time, an inescapable fate of which it is necessary to adapt. The field doctors try hard to decrease the pain intensity, but the university medical elites exclude the idea to

  3. "Yaotongning" Plasters in the Treatment of 36 Cases of Lumbar Disc Herniation%“腰痛宁”贴膏治疗腰椎间盘突出症36例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李向军; 王北平; 刘世琼

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical effect of professor LIU Shi -qiong's " Yaotongning" plasters and point application therapy for lumbar disc herniation. Methods:Seventy -two cases with lumbar disc herniation were randomly divided into two groups; acupiont sticking therapy group and comprehensive therapy group, thirty -six cases in each group. The acupiont sticking therapy group was treated with"Yaotongning" plasters on relevant acupoints; The comprehensive therapy group was treated with acupuncture combined with cupping and bloodletting therapy. After four courses of treatment, it was according to the lumbar disease results judgment standard of Japanese association of plastic surgery enacted in 1984 to judge curative effect. Results; The cured and significantly effective rate of acupiont sticking therapy group was 77. 1% , and the effective rate was 91. 4%. The cured and significantly effective rate of comprehensive therapy group was 52.9% , and the effec-tive rate was 85. 3%. The cured and significantly effective rate of acupiont sticking therapy group was better than comprehensive therapy group(P 0. 05). Conclusion;"Yaotongning" plasters in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation has a definitely curative effect.%目的:观察刘世琼教授“腰痛宁”贴膏穴位贴敷治疗腰椎间盘突出症的临床疗效.方法:将腰椎间盘突出症患者72例随机分为穴位贴敷组和综合疗法组,每组36例.穴位贴敷组采用“腰痛宁”贴膏贴敷相关穴位;综合疗法组采用穴位针刺、拔罐和阿是穴放血等综合疗法.4个疗程后进行疗效评定.结果:穴位贴敷组愈显率和总有效率分别为77.1%和91.4%;综合疗法组愈显率和总有效率分别为52.9%和85.3%.两组比较,穴位贴敷组愈显率优于综合疗法组(P<0.05),而有效率却相当(P>0.05).结论:穴位贴敷“腰痛宁”贴膏治疗腰椎间盘突出症疗效优于综合疗法.

  4. Effects of post-conditioning with sevoflurane on the expressions of intestinal AQP8 and I-FABP in pigs with hemorrhagic shock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-hong CHEN

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective To observe the effects of sevoflurane post-conditioning on the expression of Aquaporin 8 (AQP8 and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP, in order to investigate the protective role of sevoflurane post-conditioning on intestinal injury and its underlying mechanism. Methods Eighteen bama miniature pigs were randomly divided into three groups (6 each using a random number table: control group (S group, hemorrhagic shock group (HS group, and sevoflurane post-coditioning group (Post/ Sev group. Experimental animals were fasted for 8 hours before surgery, and propofol 3mg/kg was given viathe ear vein. Endotracheal intubation was done when the animal fell asleep. Bloodletting from the femoral artery after anesthesia was done to reproduce hemorrhagic shock. In Post/Sev group, 2% sevoflurane was given by inhalation for 30min (post-conditioning after successful reproduction of the model. Blood samples were collected prior to anesthesia (T0 and 30min (T1, 1h (T2, 1.5h (T3, 2h (T4, 3h (T5, 4h (T6 after hemorrhagic shock. The quantity of blood I-FABP and intestinal AQP8 levels were determined with ELISA. Water content in the intestinal tissue was determined by wet and dry weight method. Histopathological changes in the intestinal tissue were observed with HE staining. Results Compared with the control group, the serum I-FABP content, the expressions of intestinal AQP8, and water content in the intestinal tissue were significantly increased in HS group and Post/Sev (P<0.05 group. Compared with HS group, the above indices in Post/Sev group were significantly lower (P<0.05. These results were confirmed by pathological examination. Conclusion Postconditioning with sevoflurane could improve, to some extent, pig's intestinal barrier function in hemorrhagic shock, and this effect is likely related with lowering of intestinal AQP8 and I-FABP expression and mucosal edema. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2015.11.11

  5. Vera polycythemia incorporated with hemolysis: a case report and literature review%真性红细胞增多症合并溶血一例并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱家斌; 周立涛; 张丽娟; 于亮

    2012-01-01

    目的 总结以溶血为首发症状的真性红细胞增多症1例临床资料及实验室检查特点.方法 结合文献探讨该病的常规细胞遗传学分析、JAK2V617F点突变检测、BCR/ABL融合基因检测等实验室检查的诊断方法与治疗.结果 检测显示JAK2V617F点突变阳性,BCR-ABL融合基因阴性,染色体为8号三体.先后予以地塞米松、抗感染、保肝等常规治疗和放血、羟基脲、干扰素等后续治疗后好转出院,出院维持治疗至今,生存良好.结论 本病起病隐袭,早期不易发现,JAK2V617F点突变的等位基因特异性聚合酶链反应(AS-PCR)检测有助于诊断.%Objective To summarize the clinical data and laboratory features of vera polycythemia incorporated with hemolysis in one case. Methods The treatment and diagnosis of series of laboratory detection with conventional cytogenetics,mutation detection in JAK2V617F,BCR/ABL fusion gene were investigated with literature. Results JAK2V617F point mutation was detected positively,BCR/ABL fusion gene was negative and trisomic chromosome 8. The case was mend and discharged after successively treated with conventional treatment of dexamethasone,antiinfective,hepatoprotective and follow-up treatment of bloodletting,hydroxyurea and interferon.Conclusions The onset of vera polycythemia is latent which is difficult to find in the early phase.Allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) of JAK2V617F mutation will be helpful to the diagnosis.

  6. 动物屠宰的法律保护研究%Study on the Legal Protection of Animal Slaughter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄婧

    2011-01-01

    The legal concept and classification of animal slaughter were introduced, animal slaughter mainly referred to " the activity causing death to animals by bloodletting". Animal slaughter could be classified as various types according to different standards, legislation construction process of animal slaughter protection were reviewed, and it pointed out that the legislation on animal slaughter originated from religion and gradually got independence from the animal cruelty legislation. Contemporary legislation on animal slaughter can be divided into 3 models, separate legislation model, subsidiary legislation model and distributed legislation mode. Then the legal provisions on animal slaughter protection in major countries and regions were discussed, it pointed out that EU, IL S. , some Asian countries and Hong Kong and Taiwan of China have developed systematic and comprehensive regulations on animal slaughter. In China, the legislation on animal slaughter welfare has just started. China could learn the foreign experiences in the aspects of legislative system, legislative layout, legislative purpose, scope, regulatory structures, legal system, legal liability, etc. .%介绍了动物屠宰的法律概念和分类,指出动物屠宰一般指“通过放血导致动物死亡的行为”;依据不同的标准,可以将动物屠宰进行不同的分类.阐述了动物屠宰保护立法建设历程,指出动物屠宰保护立法经历了源于宗教,在反虐待动物立法中逐渐独立出来的发展进程;当代各国的动物屠宰立法可以分为独立型动物屠宰立法、附属型动物屠宰立法和分散型动物屠宰立法3种模式.论述了主要国家和地区动物屠宰保护的法律规定,指出欧盟、美国、亚洲一些国家及中国港台地区针对动物屠宰作了较为系统全面的规定;而我国动物屠宰福利的相关立法还刚刚起步,在立法体系、立法体例、立法目的、适用范围、监管体制、法律

  7. Medisinsk kunnskap før og nå:Fra teori til systematiske oversikter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atle Fretheim

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Teorien om balansen mellom de fire kroppsvæskene – humoralpatologien – dominerte sykdomsforståelse og dermed også medisinsk behandling i 2000 år. Brekkmidler, årelating og avføringsmidler var hyppig brukte virkemidler for å rette opp i ”ubalanse” mellom kroppsvæskene, som var regnet som årsak til sykdom.Det var ikke før på 1700-tallet at faktisk empirisk kunnskap ble etterspurt som begrunnelse for valg av behandlingsmetoder. Det å telle opp hvordan det gikk med pasienter som fikk en behandling, og sammenlikne med pasienter som ikke fikk behandlingen, var en ny måte å presentere behandlingseffekter på. Fra 1800-tallet av er det mange eksempler på at behandlingsmetoder ble prøvet ut ved å la annenhver pasient motta behandlingen.Streptomycinstudien til UK Medical Research Council (1946 regnes for å være det første randomiserte kontrollerte forsøket innen medisinsk forskning, og for å ha satt standarden for hvordan kliniske utprøvninger bør utføres.I boka ”Effectiveness and Efficiency. Random Reflections on Health Services” (1972 kritiserte Archie Cochrane mangelen på dokumentasjon for mange av tiltakene som utføres i helsetjenesten. Han ønsket seg langt flere randomiserte studier. Dessuten tok han til orde for at alle randomiserte studier burde samles, og at resultatene burde oppsummeres jevnlig. Iain Chalmers tok utfordringen og påbegynte et omfattende arbeid med å utarbeide en database over randomiserte kontrollerte forsøk. Med utgangspunkt i denne databasen ble det så utarbeidet systematiske oversikter over gjeldende kunnskap om effekt av tiltak i helsetjenesten. Dette ble starten på Cochrane-samarbeidet.Fretheim A. Medical knowledge then and now: From theory to systematic reviews. Nor J Epidemiol 2013; 23 (2: 113-118.ENGLISH SUMMARYThe humoral medicine-theory dominated the understanding of diseases and thus also medical treatments over 2,000 years. Purgatives, bloodletting and laxatives were

  8. Regulatory effect of Astragalus Polysaccharides on immune function of mice infected by Brucella suis S2%黄芪多糖对布鲁菌S2株感染小鼠免疫功能的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓曼; 陈志磊; 王少毅; 许振国; 杨瑞强; 张树全; 曹志然

    2014-01-01

    To study the regulating effect of Astragalus Polysaccharides ( APS) to the mice infected by Brucella suis S2.Methods:120 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 4 groups:experimental mice were injected APS 1 ml ( 0.4,1.2,3 mg/ml) via peritoneal cavity respectively once a day and the control group was injected with the same volume of saline for 3 days,then infected with Brucella suis S2 1 ml (1×107 L-1 ) by ip.Five mice of each group were killed through eye bloodletting at 1,6,12,24,48, 72 h respectively post-infection with Brucella suis S 2 and the peritoneal macrophage were obtained respectively to make smear.Phagocytic rate and phagocytic index were calculated by the Wright Giemsa staining after infected 1 h.TNF-α,IL-12 and IFN-γlevels of serum at different time points were measured by ELISA.The bacterial load of MΦand spleen were measured by coating method.Results:The phagocytic rate and phagocytic index of MΦin APS 3 dose groups were higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05 ).The microbial load of MΦin APS 3 dose groups at 1 h infected by Brucella suis S 2 were significantly higher than those of control,but significantly lower than those of control at 6,12,24,48,72 h after infected by Brucella suis S2.The microbial load of spleen in APS 3 dose groups at 6 h infected by Brucella suis S 2 were significantly higher than those of control ,but significantly lower than those of control at 12,24,48,72h after infected by Brucella suis S2.The concentrations of TNF-α,IL-12 and IFN-γin the serum of APS groups had significantly been improved ( P<0.05 ).Conclusion: APS can promote the activation of MΦin vivo and strengthen the activity of phagocytosis and killing to Brucella suis S 2.APS can promote the secretion of TNF-α,IL-12 and IFN-γof mice,strengthen the cellular immune response of mice to Brucella suis S 2.%目的:研究黄芪多糖( APS)对猪布鲁菌S2株感染小鼠免疫功能的调节作用。方法:120只BALB/c小鼠随机分为4组,

  9. 不同种药物干预骨质疏松模型大鼠股骨压缩力学的变化%Femoral compression variation in osteoporosis rats after intervention with different drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐兵; 戴维群; 尤建宇; 李晓丽

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND:The mechanical index is an important method for the evaluation of the therapeutic efficiency of drug treatment for osteoporosis animal models. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of various drug treatments on osteoporosis through a mechanical performance test about the femoral compression of rats. METHODS: Thirty-six Wistar female rats were randomized into six groups: normal control group, model group, Dan Qiparticles group, alpha-D3 group, premarin group, ipriflavone group, with six rats in each group. Osteoporosis models were made in al groups except for the normal control group, and after modeling, the rats in different groups were treated withDan Qi particles, alpha-D3 group, premarin and ipriflavone, respectively. After 15 weeks, the rats were kiled by abdominal aortic bloodletting to take out the left and right femurs that were placed on a universal testing machine to perform a compressive test at a speed of 5 mm/min. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The maximum load, maximum stress, maximum displacement, maximum strain, and elastic modulus were significantly lower in the model group than the other four groups (P 0.05). These findings indicate that osteoporosis leads to the variation of compression mechanical properties of the femur. There are good compression mechanical properties of the femur after treatment with premarin and ipriflavone, andDan Qi particles has the best effect.%背景:力学性能指标是评价药物治疗骨质疏松动物模型效果的重要方法,以压缩力学性能指标评价多种药物治疗老龄雌性骨质疏松模型动物的效果评价鲜有报道。目的:对大鼠股骨进行压缩力学性能实验,确定不同药物治疗骨质疏松的效果。方法:Wistar雌性大鼠36只随机分为6组:正常组对照组、模型组,丹杞颗粒组,阿法D3组,结合型雌激素组,依普拉芬组,每组6只。除正常组对照组外以去卵巢法复制老龄骨质疏松动物模型,分别以丹杞颗粒

  10. High-or Low-Nutrient Level Diets Affect Reproductive Performance, Body Composition and Plasma Biochemical Parameters of Pregnant Huanjiang Mini-Pigs%高、低营养水平饲粮对妊娠环江香猪繁殖性能、体成分和血浆生化参数的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝倩; 姬玉娇; 李华伟; 郭秋平; 孔祥峰

    2016-01-01

    per pen were col⁃lected by cranial vena cava for analyzing biochemical parameters. After sacrificed by bloodletting, the sows were dissected. The fetus number was recorded, and the fetus weight and body composition of sows were deter⁃mined. The results showed that compared with the local⁃pig diet group, the reproductive performance and body composition of sows in NRC diet group were not significantly different ( P>0.05); the plasma glutamic⁃pyru⁃vic transaminase ( GPT) activity at 45 and 75 d of gestation and glutamic oxalacetic transaminase ( GOT) ac⁃tivity at 75 d of gestation in NRC diet group were significantly lower ( P<0.05); the plasma concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol ( LDL⁃C) at 45 d, high density lipoprotein cholesterol ( HDL⁃C) and total cholesterol ( TC) at 75 d, triglyceride ( TG) during 45 to 110 d, as well as the plasma alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity of at 75 d of gestation in NRC diet group were significantly higher (P<0.05). In different pregnant periods, two diets presented different effects on the above⁃mentioned indices. These findings suggest that these two diets have no significant influences on the reproductive performance and body composition of pregnant Huanjiang mini⁃pigs;the NRC diet improves nutrient metabolism and promotes the growth and devel⁃opment, but presents adverse increasing fat deposition in body.

  11. Effect of different does of fluid resuscitation on mortality and renal function on early hemorrhagic shock%不同剂量液体复苏对重度失血性休克兔死亡率及肾功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜鹏飞; 胡敏红; 赵会民

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究不同剂理液体复苏对进行性出血性休克兔死亡率及肾功能的影响。方法采用控制性颈动脉放血法建立进行性出血性休克兔模型,随机分为3组(无补液(对照)组、小剂量组和大剂量组),输注0.9%氯化钠溶液与羟乙基淀粉40氯化钠溶液混合复苏液(体积比2:1)。无补液组不输液,小剂量复苏组按失血量1倍输液,速度参照平均动脉压目标值50~60 mmHg调整,大剂量复苏组按失血量2倍输液,速度参照平均动脉压目标值70~80 mmHg调整,于休克0、1、2、3、4 h分别检测血清肌酐水平、平均动脉压(MAP)并比较4 h死亡率及比较肾脏病理切片等情况。结果小剂量组死亡率显著低于无补液组, P<0.01,与大剂量复苏组相比死亡率差异无统计学意义,P>0.05,大剂量组死亡率与对照组相比无统计学意义,P>0.05;小剂量组肌酐(Cr)与对照组、大剂量液体复苏组比较有明显改善,P<0.05;休克模型形成后个时间段MAP各不相同,P<0.05;各组肾脏组织损伤程度各异,差别较明显。结论对进行性出血性休克进行限制性液体复苏有利于降低休克早期死亡率;早期进行小剂量液体复苏可以改善肾功能,更有效的保护脏器功能。%Objective To investigate the effect of limited fluid resuscitation on mortality and renal function in rabbits’uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock. Methods The rabbits’progressive hemorrhagic model were created by adopting the controlling carotid artery bloodletting method before randomly divided them into 3 groups, non-infusion group (control group), limited-infusion group and massive-infusion group. The infusion liquid was formulated of 0.9% sodium chloride solution and hydroxyethyl starch mixture 40 sodium chloride solution (volume than 2:1). Non-infusion group was given no infusion, while the limited-infusion group was given a small doses of

  12. 灵芝多糖对失血性休克兔肠黏膜屏障功能及肿瘤坏死因子-α的影响%Effects of ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide on intestine mucosal barrier function and tumor necrosis factor-α in rabbits with hemorrhagic shock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨红梅

    2014-01-01

    组,而GLP组较NS组明显降低〔吸光度(A)值:33.350±7.950比85.080±4.330,P<0.05〕;与假手术组比较,NS组和GLP组肠黏膜TNF-α含量较假手术组明显升高,GLP组含量明显低于NS组(A值:96.38±8.59比167.73±12.32,P<0.05)。结论 GLP对失血性休克及复苏救治过程中肠黏膜屏障功能有保护作用,且可能与拮抗TNF-α释放有关。%Objective To observe the effects of ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide(GLP) on intestine mucosal barrier function and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)in hemorrhagic shock rabbits. Methods Thirty healthy Japanese white rabbits were divided into three groups by random number table:sham operation group, resuscitation/reperfusion with normal saline(NS)group(NS group)and resuscitation/reperfusion with GLP group (GLP group). The hemorrhagic shock models were reproduced by being bled from the femoral artery to the mean arterial pressure(MAP)of 30-40 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)within 10 minutes and kept maintaining at this MAP level for 40 minutes. Then,the anti-shock therapy was given. The rabbits in NS group were immediately and quickly resuscitated with reperfusion of their shed blood and intravenous drip of NS in a volume equal to 2-fold of the volume of the shed blood. The rabbits in GLP group were dealt with the same means as NS group except NS was replaced by 1%GLP. The rabbits in sham operation group were only cannulated and maintained in a status of blood pressure measurement,but without bloodletting and resuscitation. The TNF-α content,the number of positive bacterial culture of blood bacteria were observed at the time before shock(S0),40 minutes after shock(S40)and 40 minutes and 90 minutes after resuscitation/reperfusion(R40,R90),respectively in the three groups. The serum endotoxin level and the TNF-αcontent in intestinal mucosa were examined at R90. Under the light microscopy,the pathological changes of intestinal mucosa were examined,and the score of the mucosal

  13. 纳米材料对大鼠外周血T淋巴细胞亚群的影响%EFFECT OF NANOMATERIALS ON PERIPHERAL BLOOD T LYMPHOCYTES IN RAT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘焕亮; 袭著革; 张华山; 杨丹凤; 杨红莲; 林治卿; 闫峻; 林本成; 田蕾; 黄洁华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the immunotoxicity induced by nanoparticles of silver,zinc oxide,and titanium dioxide in rats.Methods Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 7 groups, including control group, low and high dose groups of three nanomaterials. The Rats were exposed by intiatracheal instillation once every other day for 5 weeks,and then killed by abdominal aorta bloodletting. The changes of peripheral blood T lymphocytes subset, body weight,organ coefficients of spleen,thymus, liver,and kidney in rats were observed. Results ① CD4+ % in Nano-ZnOH, Nano-AgH, Nano-ZnOL, Nano-AgL group(27.76 % , 28.32 % , 30,68 % , 34,18 % respectively) were lower than in control (33.67%, P 2L, and Nano-AgL group (32.94% ,32.77% ,34.08% ,31.22% ,31.24% ,33.06% respectively) were higher than in control (28.34% , P<0.05);③CD4VCD8+ in Nano-ZnOH,Nano-AgH,Nano-ZnOL,Nano-AgL group(0.84,0.83,0.98,1.03 respectively) were lower than in control(l .34, P <0. 05);④ CD3+ % in Nano-ZnOH, Nano-AgH group(55.13%,55.04%) were lower than in Nano-TiO2H group (63.08% ,P < 0.05 );moreover,CD4+% in Naon-ZnOH, Naon-AgH group were lower than in Nano-TiO2H group ( P < 0.05), and CD4+ % in Nano-ZnOL group was also lower than in Nano-TiOL2, and Nano-AgL group ( P < 0.05 ); CD4+ /CD8 + in Nano-ZnOH group was lower than in Nano-TiO2H group (P < 0.05), that in Nano-AgL group was lower than in Nano-Tio2 group ( P < 0.05). ⑤ The body weight in all nanomaterial groups were lower than in control(P < 0.05), but there was no significant effect on spleen, and thymus coefficient. Conclusion All three nanomaterials can cause damage to rats after exposure, and bring functional disorder and suppression of cellular immunity. However, Nano-Ag and Nano-ZnO have more intense toxic effect than Nano-TiO2.%目的 探讨纳米银(Nano-Ag)、纳米氧化锌(Nano-ZnO)、纳米二氧化钛(Nano-TiO2)对大鼠的免疫毒性效应.方法 将42只雄性Wistar大鼠随机分为小牛血清对照组,以及3