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Sample records for blood biochemical baseline

  1. DIASTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE OR ACTUALLY IT IS BASELINE SYSTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE?

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    R.Vinodh Rajkumar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Blood pressure measuring represents a routine investigation in general medicine. Nokolai Korotkoff was only 31 years old when he made a short presentation to the Scientific Meeting of the Military Hospital of the Academy on 5 November 1905 concerning an easy non-invasive method of blood pressure (BP measurement, entitled ‘Concerning the problems of the methods of blood pressure measurement’. If the pressure in the cuff is relieved, blood starts coming through the compressed arterial segment during systole and causes auscultatory sound and, the first sound, which, in Korotkoff’s opinion, is a measurement of systolic blood pressure. In the same BP measurement, when normal blood flow is fully restored, the auscultatory sounds disappear and, the last sound, which, in Korotkoff's opinion is a measurement of diastolic blood pressure. Listening to Korotkoff sounds (K-sounds to determine systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP has been the standard for noninvasive BP measurement in medical practices for nearly 100 years and it is the essential tool used for evaluation and assessment of patients with hypertension and risks of cardiovascular diseases (CVD by physicians and nurses despite limited understanding of the nature of K-sounds. This article focuses particularly on the cardiovascular biomechanics of the first and last auscultatory sound and suggests two new terminologies; Highest systolic blood pressure and Baseline systolic blood pressure to represent the systolic pressure and diastolic pressure, respectively. Experimenting blood pressures on the basis of these two new suggested terminologies may reveal various additional undiscovered aspects of normal BP and abnormal BP. KEY WORDS: Highest systolic blood pressure, Baseline systolic blood pressure, Korotkoff sounds

  2. Blood amylase - a biochemical radiation indicator?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study describes the suitability of the biological radiation indicator 'amylase in human blood serum' to identify, if previous irradiation has occurred. After 'in vivo' exposure, of the human body with organ doses > 0,5 Gy, high activities of the enzyme are found in serum. The important results of examinations from different work groups and from own experiments were summarized in tabular form and evaluated from the statistic point of view. The results show that in more than 90% of all cases, the amylase system is suitable to identify exposure beyond 0,5 to 1 Gy, approximately. However, this is only possible if the salivary glands were also exposed and blood samples are taken about 18 hours after exposure. For the differentiation between induced increase of amylase from disease and radiation induced increase, it is recommended to carry out the isoamylase test, which makes it possible to distinguish between the individual enzymes. The assessment of the total amylase is appropriate to detect, with a range of significance of P = 0,05 that radiation exposure has occurred. The increase of activity is dose dependent when the salivary glands lie in the radiation field, however, the variations of activity are very high. Therefore the radiation dose cannot be considered. Only in cases where a very high radiation induced increase of activity is observed, a rough estimation of dose at the parotid glands can be made. (orig./MG)

  3. Raman spectroscopy of stored red blood cells: evaluating clinically-relevant biochemical markers in donated blood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, Chad G.; Buckley, Kevin; Chen, Deborah; Schulze, H. G.; Devine, Dana V.; Blades, Michael W.; Turner, Robin F. B.

    2015-07-01

    Modern transfusion medicine relies on the safe, secure, and cost-effective delivery of donated red blood cells (RBCs). Once isolated, RBCs are suspended in a defined additive solution and stored in plastic blood bags in which, over time, they undergo chemical, physiological, and morphological changes that may have a deleterious impact on some patients. Regulations limit the storage period to 42 days and the cells do not routinely undergo analytical testing before use. In this study, we use Raman spectroscopy to interrogate stored RBCs and we identify metabolic and cell-breakdown products, such as haemoglobin and membrane fragments, that build-up in the blood bags as the cells age. Our work points the way to the development of an instrument which could quickly and easily assess the biochemical nature of stored RBC units before they are transfused.

  4. Baseline blood levels of manganese, lead, cadmium, copper, and zinc in residents of Beijing suburb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Long-Lian, E-mail: Longlian57@163.com [Department of Occupational Diseases Control and Prevention, Fengtai Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100071 (China); Lu, Ling [Department of Occupational Diseases Control and Prevention, Fengtai Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100071 (China); Pan, Ya-Juan; Ding, Chun-Guang [Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control in China Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing 100050 (China); Xu, Da-Yong [Department of Occupational Diseases Control and Prevention, Fengtai Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100071 (China); Huang, Chuan-Feng; Pan, Xing-Fu [Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control in China Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing 100050 (China); Zheng, Wei, E-mail: wzheng@purdue.edu [School of Health Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)

    2015-07-15

    Baseline blood concentrations of metals are important references for monitoring metal exposure in environmental and occupational settings. The purpose of this study was to determine the blood levels of manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), lead (Pb), and cadmium (Cd) among the residents (aged 12–60 years old) living in the suburb southwest of Beijing in China and to compare the outcomes with reported values in various developed countries. Blood samples were collected from 648 subjects from March 2009 to February 2010. Metal concentrations in the whole blood were determined by ICP-MS. The geometric means of blood levels of Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd were 11.4, 802.4, 4665, 42.6, and 0.68 µg/L, respectively. Male subjects had higher blood Pb than the females, while the females had higher blood Mn and Cu than the males. There was no gender difference for blood Cd and Zn. Smokers had higher blood Cu, Zn, and Cd than nonsmokers. There were significant age-related differences in blood levels of all metals studied; subjects in the 17–30 age group had higher blood levels of Mn, Pb, Cu, and Zn, while those in the 46–60 age group had higher Cd than the other age groups. A remarkably lower blood level of Cu and Zn in this population as compared with residents of other developed countries was noticed. Based on the current study, the normal reference ranges for the blood Mn were estimated to be 5.80–25.2 μg/L; for blood Cu, 541–1475 μg/L; for blood Zn, 2349–9492 μg/L; for blood Pb, <100 μg/L; and for blood Cd, <5.30 μg/L in the general population living in Beijing suburbs. - Highlights: • Baseline blood levels of metals in residents of Beijing suburb are investigated. • BMn and BPb in this cohort are higher than those in other developed countries. • Remarkably lower blood levels of Cu and Zn in this Chinese cohort are noticed. • The reference values for blood levels of Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd are established.

  5. DIASTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE OR ACTUALLY IT IS BASELINE SYSTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE?

    OpenAIRE

    R.Vinodh Rajkumar

    2015-01-01

    Blood pressure measuring represents a routine investigation in general medicine. Nokolai Korotkoff was only 31 years old when he made a short presentation to the Scientific Meeting of the Military Hospital of the Academy on 5 November 1905 concerning an easy non-invasive method of blood pressure (BP) measurement, entitled ‘Concerning the problems of the methods of blood pressure measurement’. If the pressure in the cuff is relieved, blood starts coming through the compressed arterial segment...

  6. Baseline albuminuria predicts the efficacy of blood pressure-lowering drugs in preventing cardiovascular events

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boersma, C.; Postma, M.J.; Visser, S.T.; Atthobari, J.; de Jong, P.E.; de Jong-van den Berg, L.T.; Gansevoort, R.T.

    2008-01-01

    AIMS Albuminuria has been proven to be associated with cardiovascular (CV) events in specific patient populations, but also in the general population. This study aimed to investigate whether the efficacy of blood pressure-lowering agents in preventing CV events depends on baseline urinary albumin ex

  7. Evaluation of the baseline Widal titres in healthy blood donors of Uttarakhand

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    Garima Mittal

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The interpretation of Widal test depends upon the baseline titre which is prevalent amongst healthy individuals in a particular geographical area. Aim and Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the baseline Widal titre of the apparently healthy population of a tertiary care centre of Uttarakhand. Material and Methods: Blood samples were collected from healthy blood donors (n=500 of the age group of 18-60 years, of both the sexes, who attended our blood bank from September 2013 to November 2013 and were analyzed for the presence of Salmonella antibodies by carrying out the Widal tube agglutination test. Results: Of the 500 serum samples which were tested, 255 (51% serum samples were positive for agglutinins (≥ 1:20 and 245 were negative. The most frequently recorded titre of the reactive sera was 1:40 for the anti-O antibodies and 1:80 for the anti-H antibodies for Salmonella enterica serotype typhi and this was the baseline titre. While the baseline titre of the ‘H’ agglutinins of Salmonella enterica serotype paratyphi A was 1:20 and of paratyphi B was also1:20. Conclusions: Based on the results of our study, it has been recommended that the significant titre of 1:80 for the anti-O antibodies and of 1:160 for the anti-H antibodies may be considered as diagnostic for enteric fever in the region of Uttarakhand, India.

  8. Changes in blood biochemical markers before, during, and after a 2-day ultramarathon

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    Arakawa K

    2016-04-01

    damage parameters (uric acid, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and aspartate aminotransferase, renal function markers (creatinine and blood urea nitrogen, liver injury index (alanine aminotransferase, lipid metabolism indices (free fatty acid, reactive oxygen species and inflammation parameters (white blood cells, interleukin-6, and C-reactive protein, and energy production and catecholamines (adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine. Third pattern index of a lipid metabolism marker – triglyceride – decreased during the race periods and started returning to baseline from then onward. Some hormonal markers such as insulin, leptin, and adiponectin showed unique patterns. These findings appeared informative for nonprofessional athletes to know about an optimal physical activity level, duration, and total exercise for elevating physical performance and monitoring physical/mental conditioning as well as for prevention of overtraining and physical injuries. Keywords: long-distance running, blood biochemical markers, anemia, muscle damage, lipid metabolism, inflammation

  9. One session treatment for pediatric blood-injection-injury phobia: A controlled multiple baseline trial.

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    Oar, Ella L; Farrell, Lara J; Waters, Allison M; Conlon, Elizabeth G; Ollendick, Thomas H

    2015-10-01

    The present study evaluated the effectiveness of a modified One Session Treatment (OST), which included an e-therapy homework maintenance program over 4 weeks for Blood-Injection-Injury (BII) phobia in children and adolescents. Using a single case, non-concurrent multiple-baseline design, 24 children and adolescents (8-18 years; 7 males, 17 females) with a primary diagnosis of BII phobia were randomly assigned to a one, two or three week baseline prior to receiving OST. Primary outcome measures included diagnostic severity, diagnostic status, and child and parent fear ratings. Secondary outcome measures included avoidance during behavioural avoidance tasks (BAT), global functioning and self and parent reported anxiety, fear and depression. Efficacy was assessed at post-treatment, 1-month, and 3-month follow-up. BII symptoms and diagnostic severity remained relatively stable during the baseline periods and then significantly improved following implementation of the intervention. Treatment response was supported by changes across multiple measures, including child, parent and independent clinician ratings. At post-treatment 8 of the 24 (33.33%) children were BII diagnosis free. Treatment gains improved at follow-ups with 14 (58.33%) children diagnosis free at 1-month follow-up and 15 (62.5%) diagnosis free at 3-month follow-up. Preliminary findings support the effectiveness of a modified OST approach for BII phobic youth with treatment outcomes improving over follow-up intervals. PMID:26313620

  10. Bioimpedance spectroscopy as technique of hematological and biochemical analysis of blood

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    Malahov, M. V.; Smirnov, A. V.; Nikolaev, D. V.; Melnikov, A. A.; Vikulov, A. D.

    2010-04-01

    Bioimpedance spectroscopy may become a useful method for the express analysis and monitoring of blood parameters. The aim of this study was to identify biochemical and hematological parameters of blood that can be accurately predicted by means of bioimpedance technique. Hematological (red blood cell and white blood cell parameters) and biochemical (total proteins, albumins, fibrinogen, sodium, potassium, chloride ion concentrations in plasma) parameters were measured with a hematological analyzer and routine methods. Bioimpedance spectroscopy of the whole blood (1.5 ml) in frequency range 5-500 kHz (31 frequencies) was performed using BIA analyzer ABC-01 "Medass". Frequency relationships of resistance and reactance of the whole blood and the parameters of the Cole model were investigated. Close simple and multiple correlations of bioimpedance indices were observed only with erythrocyte parameters (Ht, Hb, RBC). Thus bioimpedance analysis of the whole blood can accurately predict red cell parameters but it is less effective for estimation of plasma biochemical and white cell parameters.

  11. BIOCHEMICAL INDICATORS OF PIGS BLOOD OF SPECIALIZED TYPES

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    Lodyanov V. V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The research was conducted at the pure-bred pigs CT and hybrid juveniles CT x L Total protein blood serum was determined refractometrically, protein fraction - a method of horizontal electrophoresis on paper, the level of total lipids - B. Swahn, I. Scand. Researched transaminases (AST and ALT method of Reitman-Frenkel, alkaline phosphatase - method O.A. Bessey e.a., creatine kinase - S.S. Kuby. Cortisol levels was determined by radioimmunoassay analysis, adrenaline - fluorometric method. Phagocytic activity was installed by Ms. V. Matusevich, bactericidal activity - by the method of Overmoney, T.A. Kuzmina

  12. Diurnal variation in baseline human regional cerebral blood flow demonstrated by PET

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    Diehl, D.J.; Mintun, M.A.; Moore, R.Y. [Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States)] [and others

    1994-05-01

    We have previously described the diurnal variation in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) response to bright light in human subjects as demonstrated by the positron emission tomography (PET) activation method. In this abstract, we report the differences in rCBF (an indicator of differences in regional neuronal activity) between the evening and midday dim light baseline scans which served as the control states in the above bright light activation study. Five right-handed, healthy volunteers underwent both an evening (8pm) and a midday (12N) O-15 water PET scanning session. Each scanning session was preceded by one hour of dim light adaptation (50 lux) and consisted of six rCBF scans at three different light intensities in an AABBCC sequence (A=50 lux, B=2500 lux, C=7000lux). Significant differences in rCBF between the evening and midday 50 lux states were identified using the statistical parametric mapping method developed by Friston et al (p<.001). The evening scans demonstrated areas of greater relative blood flow in the pineal gland, the lateral temporal cortex bilaterally, the right lateral prefrontal cortex, the superior aspect of the anterior cingulate, and the left thalamus. The midday scans showed areas of greater relative blood flow in the visual cortex, the left lateral prefrontal cortex. the inferior aspect of the anterior cingulate, the left parietal cortex and the cerebellum. Our results demonstrate an extensive diurnal variation in baseline human rCBF. This indicates that time of day may be an important variable in conducting and interpreting functional brain imaging studies. Furthermore, these results suggest possible neuroanatomical substrates through which the circadian system may regulate the various physiologic and behavioral processes that manifest circadian rhythms.

  13. [The biochemical and rheological properties of the blood during the performance of angiography using Ultravist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poliaev, Iu A; Lazarev, V V; Kulikova, I S; Shimanovskiĭ, N L; Usenko, A N; Smirnova, O Iu; Isakov, Iu F; Sergeev, P V

    1996-01-01

    It is shown that Ultravist makes it possible to receive clear visualization of vessel channel in the zone "of interest" without changing functional conditions of heart vascular system and biochemical blood parameters (level of erythrocytes, bilirubine, urine nitrogen, activity of aspartataminotransferase). In concentration 30 mg/ml in vitro and in vivo Ultravist decreases a viscosity limit not affecting other rheological properties of blood. A mechanism of the found Ultravist effect and prospects of its application in practice for children are considered.

  14. Blood biochemical changes in mice after administration of a mixture of three anesthetic agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochiai, Yuichiro; Iwano, Hidetomo; Sakamoto, Takako; Hirabayashi, Manabu; Kaneko, Eiji; Watanabe, Toshihiko; Yamashita, Kazuto; Yokota, Hiroshi

    2016-07-01

    Currently, from the viewpoint of animal welfare, anesthesia or analgesia is required during experimental procedures in animals that are likely to cause pain. A part of these anesthetics have been reported to influence a blood biochemical level. It is important for us to understand the effect of the anesthetic on blood biochemistry when we choose the anesthetic agent to be used in experiments. In this study, we examined the blood biochemical changes in mice after administration of a new mixture of three anesthetic agents -medetomidine / midazolam / butorphanol (MMB). We subcutaneously administered two dose combinations of MMB (0.45 / 6 / 7.5 and 0.9 / 12 / 15 mg/kg) in mice, followed by administration of atipamezole, for reversal of anesthetic effects, after 1 hr. Thereafter, blood biochemistry was assessed at 1, 4 and 24 hr after MMB administration. We observed that MMB administration caused a transient increase in blood sugar, inorganic phosphorus, potassium and creatine kinase levels. These, however, returned to the reference range 24 hr after MMB administration. In conclusion, MMB changes the levels of some blood biochemical parameters, but not to an extent that would threaten health. However, when using laboratory animals, this effect of MMB may influence the experimental results, depending on the experimental content. Hence, the choice of anesthetic agents used in laboratory animals should be based on detailed knowledge of their pharmacological effects. PMID:26902544

  15. The equation for prediction of blood viscosity from biochemical laboratory data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, B.; Yigitarslan, S.

    2015-03-01

    In most cases, the viscosity of blood is measured after adulteration with heparin or EDTA. The aim of the present research was to derive an equation that can be used for determination of viscosity from biochemical data. Blood samples taken from seven healthy people were analyzed in biochemical laboratory and their viscosities were measured by adding EDTA as anticoagulant. Ten parameters of biochemical laboratory including blood cells (erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes) and their functional products that directly affect the blood viscosity were chosen. Several equations relating viscosity to those parameters were derived by using a computer program. According to the regression analysis of the functions derived, the viscosity equation was obtained. This equation can be used for determination of blood viscosity from classical laboratory analysis. The advantages of using the derived equation are elimination of anticoagulant addition and elimination of Fahraeus_Lindquist effect. After proving that the equation is acceptable for numerous people, apparent viscosity changes can be followed during any disease and successfulness of anticoagulant drugs can be investigated.

  16. Gcg-XTEN: an improved glucagon capable of preventing hypoglycemia without increasing baseline blood glucose.

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    Nathan C Geething

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: While the majority of current diabetes treatments focus on reducing blood glucose levels, hypoglycemia represents a significant risk associated with insulin treatment. Glucagon plays a major regulatory role in controlling hypoglycemia in vivo, but its short half-life and hyperglycemic effects prevent its therapeutic use for non-acute applications. The goal of this study was to identify a modified form of glucagon suitable for prophylactic treatment of hypoglycemia without increasing baseline blood glucose levels. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Through application of the XTEN technology, we report the construction of a glucagon fusion protein with an extended exposure profile (Gcg-XTEN. The in vivo half-life of the construct was tuned to support nightly dosing through design and testing in cynomolgus monkeys. Efficacy of the construct was assessed in beagle dogs using an insulin challenge to induce hypoglycemia. Dose ranging of Gcg-XTEN in fasted beagle dogs demonstrated that the compound was biologically active with a pharmacodynamic profile consistent with the designed half-life. Prophylactic administration of 0.6 nmol/kg Gcg-XTEN to dogs conferred resistance to a hypoglycemic challenge at 6 hours post-dose without affecting baseline blood glucose levels. Consistent with the designed pharmacokinetic profile, hypoglycemia resistance was not observed at 12 hours post-dose. Importantly, the solubility and stability of the glucagon peptide were also significantly improved by fusion to XTEN. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The data show that Gcg-XTEN is effective in preventing hypoglycemia without the associated hyperglycemia expected for unmodified glucagon. While the plasma clearance of this Gcg-XTEN has been optimized for overnight dosing, specifically for the treatment of nocturnal hypoglycemia, constructs with significantly longer exposure profiles are feasible. Such constructs may have multiple applications such as allowing for more

  17. Whole blood interferon-gamma assay for baseline tuberculosis screening among Japanese healthcare students.

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    Katsuyuki Hotta

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The whole blood interferon-gamma assay (QuantiFERON-TB-2G; QFT has not been fully evaluated as a baseline tuberculosis screening test in Japanese healthcare students commencing clinical contact. The aim of this study was to compare the results from the QFT with those from the tuberculin skin test (TST in a population deemed to be at a low risk for infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Healthcare students recruited at Okayama University received both the TST and the QFT to assess the level of agreement between these two tests. The interleukin-10 levels before and after exposure to M tuberculosis-specific antigens (early-secreted antigenic target 6-kDa protein [ESAT-6] and culture filtrate protein 10 [CFP-10] were also measured. Of the 536 healthcare students, most of whom had been vaccinated with bacillus-Calmette-Guérin (BCG, 207 (56% were enrolled in this study. The agreement between the QFT and the TST results was poor, with positive result rates of 1.4% vs. 27.5%, respectively. A multivariate analysis also revealed that the induration diameter of the TST was not affected by the interferon-gamma concentration after exposure to either of the antigens but was influenced by the number of BCG needle scars (p = 0.046. The whole blood interleukin-10 assay revealed that after antigen exposure, the median increases in interleukin-10 concentration was higher in the subgroup with the small increase in interferon-gamma concentration than in the subgroup with the large increase in interferon-gamma concentration (0.3 vs. 0 pg/mL; p = 0.004. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: As a baseline screening test for low-risk Japanese healthcare students at their course entry, QFT yielded quite discordant results, compared with the TST, probably because of the low specificity of the TST results in the BCG-vaccinated population. We also found, for the first time, that the change in the interleukin-10 level after exposure to

  18. Features of the biochemical parameters of blood and exudates during tubercular exudative pleurisy

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    Ye. A. Yuriyeva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Some biochemical indicators of peripheral blood and pleural fluid (level of the total protein, glucose, lactate dehydrogenase activity at patients with various variants of tubercular exudative pleurisy (MBT-positive and MBT-negative for the purpose of definition of possibility of use this indicators as criteria for differential diagnostics of a pleurisy, have been studied. It has been established that tubercular exudative pleurisy is characterized by the expressed changes of the biochemical status of blood and pleural fluid in comparison with that at healthy donors and patients with not tubercular exudative pleurisy, however, this changes in most cases are nonspecific and don't depend on a variant of tubercular exudative pleurisy.

  19. The influences of SE infection on layers’ production performance, egg quality and blood biochemical indicators

    OpenAIRE

    Fan, Shijie; Zheng, Jiangxia; Duan, Zhongyi; Yang, Ning; Xu, Guiyun

    2014-01-01

    Background Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE), as a major cause of foodborn illness, infects humans mainly through the egg. However, the symptom of laying hens usually is not typical and hard to diagnosis. In the present study, it is studied that the influences of SE infection on layers’ performance, egg quality and blood biochemical indicators. It will help us to improve the strategy to control SE infection in commercial layers. One hundred layers at 20 wk of age were divided into ...

  20. Impact of sudarshan kriya yoga on mean arterial blood pressure and biochemical parameters in medical students

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    Nisar Ahmad

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: Living a happy and healthy life on all planes is possible through the unified practice of sudarshan kriya yoga (SKY along with asana and pranayam. The practice of SKY seems to be beneficial on mean blood pressure and biochemical parameters in normal healthy individuals. This unique breathing practice is a potent energizer. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(6.000: 2150-2152

  1. Effect of aspartame on biochemical and oxidative stress parameters in rat blood

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    Prokić Marko D.; Paunović Milica G.; Matić Miloš M.; Đorđević Nataša Z.; Ognjanović Branka I.; Štajn Andraš Š.; Saičić Zorica S.

    2015-01-01

    Aspartame (ASP) is one of the most widely used nonnutritive sweeteners. This study investigates the chronic effects of ASP on hematological and biochemical parameters, and its effects on the oxidative/antioxidative status in the red blood cells of Wistar albino rats. Rats were provided with ASP (40 mg/kg/daily for six weeks) in drinking water. Increased food and fluid intake was observed in the ASP-treated rats. Total body mass was significantly decreased i...

  2. The dynamics of blood biochemical parameters in cosmonauts during long-term space flights

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    Markin, Andrei; Strogonova, Lubov; Balashov, Oleg; Polyakov, Valery; Tigner, Timoty

    Most of the previously obtained data on cosmonauts' metabolic state concerned certain stages of the postflight period. In this connection, all conclusions, as to metabolism peculiarities during the space flight, were to a large extent probabilistic. The purpose of this work was study of metabolism characteristics in cosmonauts directly during long-term space flights. In the capillary blood samples taken from a finger, by "Reflotron IV" biochemical analyzer, "Boehringer Mannheim" GmbH, Germany, adapted to weightlessness environments, the activity of GOT, GPT, CK, gamma-GT, total and pancreatic amylase, as well as concentration of hemoglobin, glucose, total bilirubin, uric acid, urea, creatinine, total, HDL- and LDL cholesterol, triglycerides had been determined. HDL/LDL-cholesterol ratio also was computed. The crewmembers of 6 main missions to the "Mir" orbital station, a total of 17 cosmonauts, were examined. Biochemical tests were carryed out 30-60 days before lounch, and in the flights different stages between the 25-th and the 423-rd days of flights. In cosmonauts during space flight had been found tendency to increase, in compare with basal level, GOT, GPT, total amylase activity, glucose and total cholesterol concentration, and tendency to decrease of CK activity, hemoglobin, HDL-cholesterol concentration, and HDL/LDL — cholesterol ratio. Some definite trends in variations of other determined biochemical parameters had not been found. The same trends of mentioned biochemical parameters alterations observed in majority of tested cosmonauts, allows to suppose existence of connection between noted metabolic alterations with influence of space flight conditions upon cosmonaut's body. Variations of other studied blood biochemical parameters depends on, probably, pure individual causes.

  3. Haematological and biochemical blood parameters in horses used for sport and recreation

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    Katarzyna BURLIKOWSKA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted to determine and compare the resting values of haematological and biochemical blood indices in clinically healthy horses competing in show jumping and used for leisure activities. The experiment included twenty adult horses of Polish half-bred andWielkopolska breed which were subjected to a daily training programme typical of their type of use. Blood samples were collected at rest before feeding from the jugular external vein. Show jumpers had higher (P<0.05 red blood cell count, haematocrit value and haemoglobin concentration as well as the serum level of total protein, albumin, α2- and γ-globulin, HDL and iron. The level of β- globulin, magnesium and activity of creatine kinase were significantly higher in recreationally used horses. There were no differences in the values of red blood cell parameters (MCV, MCH, MCHC, number of leucocytes and the percentage of their respective kinds, platelets, concentration of urea, creatinine, glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL, activity of AST, ALT, LDH and in the content of Na, K, Cl, P, Ca between the tested groups. The results of the present study indicate that the type of training influences some of the resting haematological and biochemical indices in adult horses. Horses used for show jumping have higher aerobic capacity and show a more beneficial lipid profile compared to horses used for recreation.

  4. The rat adequately reflects human responses to exercise in blood biochemical profile: a comparative study.

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    Goutianos, Georgios; Tzioura, Aikaterini; Kyparos, Antonios; Paschalis, Vassilis; Margaritelis, Nikos V; Veskoukis, Aristidis S; Zafeiridis, Andreas; Dipla, Konstantina; Nikolaidis, Michalis G; Vrabas, Ioannis S

    2015-02-01

    Animal models are widely used in biology and the findings of animal research are traditionally projected to humans. However, recent publications have raised concerns with regard to what extent animals and humans respond similar to physiological stimuli. Original data on direct in vivo comparison between animals and humans are scarce and no study has addressed this issue after exercise. We aimed to compare side by side in the same experimental setup rat and human responses to an acute exercise bout of matched intensity and duration. Rats and humans ran on a treadmill at 86% of maximal velocity until exhaustion. Pre and post exercise we measured 30 blood chemistry parameters, which evaluate iron status, lipid profile, glucose regulation, protein metabolism, liver, and renal function. ANOVA indicated that almost all biochemical parameters followed a similar alteration pattern post exercise in rats and humans. In fact, there were only 2/30 significant species × exercise interactions (in testosterone and globulins), indicating different responses to exercise between rats and humans. On the contrary, the main effect of exercise was significant in 15/30 parameters and marginally nonsignificant in other two parameters (copper, P = 0.060 and apolipoprotein B, P = 0.058). Our major finding is that the rat adequately mimics human responses to exercise in those basic blood biochemical parameters reported here. The physiological resemblance of rat and human blood responses after exercise to exhaustion on a treadmill indicates that the use of blood chemistry in rats for exercise physiology research is justified. PMID:25677548

  5. Contaminant concentrations, biochemical and hematological biomarkers in blood of West Indian manatees Trichechus manatus from Brazil.

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    Anzolin, D G; Sarkis, J E S; Diaz, E; Soares, D G; Serrano, I L; Borges, J C G; Souto, A S; Taniguchi, S; Montone, R C; Bainy, A C D; Carvalho, P S M

    2012-07-01

    The West Indian manatee Trichechus manatus is threatened with extinction in Brazil, and this study focused on nondestructive blood samples analyzed for metals, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), as well as biochemical and hematological biomarkers. Studied manatees were kept at Projeto Peixe-Boi headquarters in Pernambuco State, and at two natural areas in estuaries where they are released to the wild. Manatees kept at the natural estuary in Paraiba State have blood concentrations of Al, Pb, Cd, Sn that are 11, 7, 8 and 23 times greater, respectively, than the concentrations found in blood of animals from the same species in Florida, USA. An inhibition of butyrylcholinesterase in manatees kept at the two reintroduction sites in Alagoas and Paraiba States indicated possible exposure of the animals to cholinesterase inhibitor insecticides. PCBs and OCPs were not detected. Results from this study will help delineate conservation efforts in the region. PMID:22626623

  6. Contaminant concentrations, biochemical and hematological biomarkers in blood of West Indian manatees Trichechus manatus from Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anzolin, D G; Sarkis, J E S; Diaz, E; Soares, D G; Serrano, I L; Borges, J C G; Souto, A S; Taniguchi, S; Montone, R C; Bainy, A C D; Carvalho, P S M

    2012-07-01

    The West Indian manatee Trichechus manatus is threatened with extinction in Brazil, and this study focused on nondestructive blood samples analyzed for metals, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), as well as biochemical and hematological biomarkers. Studied manatees were kept at Projeto Peixe-Boi headquarters in Pernambuco State, and at two natural areas in estuaries where they are released to the wild. Manatees kept at the natural estuary in Paraiba State have blood concentrations of Al, Pb, Cd, Sn that are 11, 7, 8 and 23 times greater, respectively, than the concentrations found in blood of animals from the same species in Florida, USA. An inhibition of butyrylcholinesterase in manatees kept at the two reintroduction sites in Alagoas and Paraiba States indicated possible exposure of the animals to cholinesterase inhibitor insecticides. PCBs and OCPs were not detected. Results from this study will help delineate conservation efforts in the region.

  7. Baseline heavy metals and metalloid values in blood of loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) from Baja California Sur, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: → We report baseline levels of selected heavy metals in blood of Pacific loggerhead turtles. → Blood was used to measure in a relatively non-invasive way baseline values of heavy metals. → Zn and Cd were found in high concentrations compared to levels reported in other parts of the world. → Cu concentrations in blood are high as they relate to concentrations in muscle. → No correlations were found between of heavy metals and metalloids analyzed and the size of the turtles. - Abstract: Environmental pollution due to heavy metals is having an increased impact on marine wildlife accentuated by anthropogenic changes in the planet including overfishing, agricultural runoff and marine emerging infectious diseases. Sea turtles are considered sentinels of ecological health in marine ecosystems. The objective of this study was to determine baseline concentrations of zinc, cadmium, copper, nickel, selenium, manganese, mercury and lead in blood of 22 clinically healthy, loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta), captured for several reasons in Puerto Lopez Mateos, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Zinc was the most prevalent metal in blood (41.89 μg g-1), followed by Selenium (10.92 μg g-1). The mean concentration of toxic metal Cadmium was 6.12 μg g-1 and 1.01 μg g-1 respectively. Mean concentrations of metals followed this pattern: Zn > Se > Ni > Cu > Mn > Cd > Pb and Hg. We can conclude that blood is an excellent tissue to measure in relatively non-invasive way baseline values of heavy metals in Caretta caretta.

  8. Association of dietary pattern with biochemical blood profiles and bodyweight among adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in Tehran, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Darani Zad, Nasrin; Mohd Yusof, Rokiah; Esmaili, Haleh; Jamaluddin, Rosita; Mohseni, Fariba

    2015-01-01

    Background This study was conducted to identify dietary patterns and evaluated their association with biochemical blood profiles and body weight among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods This was a cross sectional study conducted among 400 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Tehran from March to August 2013. Biochemical blood profiles, socio-demographic, lifestyle, anthropometric measurements, and dietary data were obtained. Dietary data from food frequency questionnaire were ...

  9. Baseline Systolic Blood Pressure Response to Exercise Stress Test Can Predict Exercise Indices following Cardiac Rehabilitation Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akram Sardari

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Systolic blood pressure recovery (rSBP is of prognostic value for predicting the survival and co-morbidity rate in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD. This study investigated the association between rSBP and exercise indices after complete cardiac rehabilitation program (CR in a population-based sample of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG.Methods: The sample population consisted of 352 patients who underwent pure CABG. The patients underwent standard symptom-limited exercise testing immediately before and also after the completion of the CR sessions. rSBP was defined as the ratio of the systolic blood pressure at 3 minutes in recovery to the systolic blood pressure at peak exercise.Results: An abnormal baseline rSBP after exercise was a strong predictor of exercise parameters in the last session, including metabolic equivalents (β = -0.617, SE = 0.127, p value < 0.001 and peak O2 consumption (β = -1.950, SE = 0.363, p value < 0.001 measured in the last session adjusted for baseline exercise characteristics, demographics, function class, and left ventricular ejection fraction.Conclusion: The current study strongly emphasizes the predictive role of baseline rSBP after exercise in evaluating exercise parameters following CR. This baseline index can predict abnormal METs value, peak O2 consumption, post-exercise heart rate, and heart rate recovery after a 24-session CR program.

  10. Effect of aspartame on biochemical and oxidative stress parameters in rat blood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prokić Marko D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aspartame (ASP is one of the most widely used nonnutritive sweeteners. This study investigates the chronic effects of ASP on hematological and biochemical parameters, and its effects on the oxidative/antioxidative status in the red blood cells of Wistar albino rats. Rats were provided with ASP (40 mg/kg/daily for six weeks in drinking water. Increased food and fluid intake was observed in the ASP-treated rats. Total body mass was significantly decreased in the ASP-treated rats. Treatment with ASP caused an increase in the concentrations of glucose, cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and in the activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, as well as a decrease in the levels of HDL-cholesterol in the serum. A significant decline in the number of white blood cells (WBC was observed after ASP uptake. Based on the results we conclude that ASP induces oxidative stress, observed as an alteration of the glutathione redox status, which leads to increased concentrations of nitric oxide (NO and lipid peroxides (LPO in the red blood cells. Changes in biochemical parameters, lipid metabolism, as well as changes in the levels of oxidative stress markers and the appearance of signs of liver damage indicate that chronic use of ASP can lead to the development of hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia and associated diseases. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173041

  11. THE EFFECT OF LUTEIN ADDITIVES ON BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN BLOOD OF LAYING HENS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Grčević

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to present the performance and some biochemical parameters in the blood of hens fed feed mixtures with different levels of lutein. The study involved a total of 291 Tetra SL hybrid laying hens, divided into 3 groups (O0 with 0 mg/kg lutein added, O200 with 200 mg/kg lutein added and O400 with 400 mg/kg lutein added, and lasted for 5 weeks. The O0 group included 93 hens, whereas experimental groups 98 and 100 hens, respectively. The highest egg production and the best feed consumption per egg were recorded in O400 group with a total of 3367 pieces of eggs produced and 128.60 g of feed consumed. The best laying intensity (96.68% and number of eggs per laying hen (34.19 as well as the highest feed consumption per day (129.01 g, was recorded in O200 group. Lutein added to feed mixtures for laying hens did not significantly affect the values of biochemical parameters in blood (P>0.05. An increase in total cholesterol (CHOL and HDL cholesterol content as well as the decrease of total protein (PROT and albumin (ALB content in the experimental groups can be observed. The content of glucose (GUK and urea was similar between the experimental groups, while the highest content of triglycerides (TGC was recorded in O200 group. It can be concluded that different levels of lutein added to the feed mixtures for laying hens did not have negative effect on the performance and blood biochemical parameters of laying hens.

  12. Biochemical assessment of growth factors and circulation of blood components contained in the different fractions obtained by centrifugation of venous blood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corigiano, M; Ciobanu, G; Baldoni, E; Pompa, G

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate a biochemical marker with different elements of a normal blood serum and centrifuged blood serum after a different rotation system. For this technique, we used five fractions of a blood Concentrated Growth Factors system (bCGF) and a particular device for the different rotation program. Blood samples were collected from 10 volunteers aged between 35 and 55 in the Operative Unit of the “Sapienza” University of Rome with only a fraction of different biochemical elements. Through an individual blood phase separator tube of venous blood, active factions of serum and 4 fractions of red buffy coat were taken. The biochemical markers with 14 elements were examined at times: P1-11 minutes, P2-12minutes, P3-15 minutes. Exclusively biological materials which are normally applied in the regeneration techniques for different defects and lesions were used with this technique. After specific rotation programs, a different result was obtained for each cycle: P1, P2, P3. In test tubes obtained by separated blood, we observed a higher concentration of proteins, ions, and other antigens compared to normal blood plasma. Examining the biochemical results of different elements, we observed an increase (P≤0,01). Since each person’s DNA is different, we could not have the same results in 5 fractions of blood concentration, we did, however, find a good increase in only a fraction of proteins, immunoglobulin and different ions. We obtained five fractions after centrifugation, and we had an increase in different biochemical elements compared to normal blood (P≤0,01) which is significant at different times. These biochemical elements were stimulated by different growth factors, which are used by the immune system, and they induced the formation of hard and soft tissues and good regeneration. PMID:25001662

  13. Semiquantitative imaging measurement of baseline and vasomodulated normal prostatic blood flow using sildenafil

    OpenAIRE

    Haaga, JR; Exner, A; Fei, B; Seftel, AD

    2006-01-01

    The physiologic variability of blood flow to the prostate has not been studied until this time. We report the vasoactive effects of sildenafil and phenylephrine on blood flow of the normal prostate. Sildenafil increases prostate blood flow by approximately 75% and phenylephrine reduces the flow incrementally. Administration of these drugs with dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging may improve the diagnosis of cancerous tissue because according to the literature, tumor angiogeni...

  14. Effect of age and gender on some blood biochemical parameters of apparently healthy small ruminants from Southern Punjab in Pakistan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shumaila Kiran; Arif Mahmood Bhutta; Bakhtyawar Ali Khan; Sobia Durrani; Muhammad Ali; Muhammad Ali; Furhan Iqbal

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To report and compare the hematological and serum biochemical profile of goat and sheep from Rahim Yar Khan district in Southern Punjab. Methods: One hundred and twenty blood samples (98 goat and 22 sheep) were collected and their blood glucose, hemoglobin and serum biochemical parameters, cholesterol, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined by using spectrophotometer. Parameters were compared between goat and sheep. Results: It was observed that glucose (P=0.001), LDH (P=0.001) and ALT (P=0.001) concentrations differed significantly between sheep and goats. The studied parameters were compared between buck and goats and also between young goats (less than 12 months old) and adults (more than 12 months old). It was found that age and gender did not affect these hematological and serum biochemical parameters.Conclusions: It can be concluded that sheep have overall higher values than goats for studied hematological and serum biochemical parameters.

  15. The influences of SE infection on layers’ production performance, egg quality and blood biochemical indicators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE), as a major cause of foodborn illness, infects humans mainly through the egg. However, the symptom of laying hens usually is not typical and hard to diagnosis. In the present study, it is studied that the influences of SE infection on layers’ performance, egg quality and blood biochemical indicators. It will help us to improve the strategy to control SE infection in commercial layers. One hundred layers at 20 wk of age were divided into 2 groups, 60 hens for experiment and others for control. The experiment group was fed with the dosage of 108 CFU SE per hen. The specific PCR was used to detect the deposition of SE. On the 8 d after SE infection, 10 hens from the control group and 30 hens from the experimental group were slaughtered to detect the SE colonization. The production performance, egg quality and blood biochemical indices were also analyzed. Results The results showed that the colonization rate of SE was highest in caecum contents (55.17%) and lowest in vagina (17.24%). For the eggs the detection rate of SE was highest on the eggshell (80.00%) and lowest in yolk (18.81%). SE infection had no significant influence on production performance and egg qualities (P > 0.05). The difference of laying rate between the experimental and control groups was less than 0.30%, and both were approximately equal to 82.00%. The blood analysis showed that the aspartic aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of experimental group was significantly higher than those of control group (P < 0.05). For experimental and control groups AST values were 236.22 U/l and 211.84 U/l respectively, and ALT values were 32.19 U/l and 24.55 U/l. All of coefficients were less than 20%. The colonization of SE in organs increases the enzyme activities of AST and ALT in blood. Conclusions SE in feed could invade the oviduct and infect the forming eggs. It significantly increased the concentration of ALT and AST in blood

  16. The influences of SE infection on layers’ production performance, egg quality and blood biochemical indicators

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shijie Fan; Jiangxia Zheng; Zhongyi Duan; Ning Yang; Guiyun Xu

    2014-01-01

    Background:Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE), as a major cause of foodborn illness, infects humans mainly through the egg. However, the symptom of laying hens usually is not typical and hard to diagnosis. In the present study, it is studied that the influences of SE infection on layers’ performance, egg quality and blood biochemical indicators. It will help us to improve the strategy to control SE infection in commercial layers. One hundred layers at 20 wk of age were divided into 2 groups, 60 hens for experiment and others for control. The experiment group was fed with the dosage of 108 CFU SE per hen. The specific PCR was used to detect the deposition of SE. On the 8 d after SE infection, 10 hens from the control group and 30 hens from the experimental group were slaughtered to detect the SE colonization. The production performance, egg quality and blood biochemical indices were also analyzed. Results:The results showed that the colonization rate of SE was highest in caecum contents (55.17%) and lowest in vagina (17.24%). For the eggs the detection rate of SE was highest on the eggshell (80.00%) and lowest in yolk (18.81%). SE infection had no significant influence on production performance and egg qualities (P>0.05). The difference of laying rate between the experimental and control groups was less than 0.30%, and both were approximately equal to 82.00%. The blood analysis showed that the aspartic aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of experimental group was significantly higher than those of control group (P<0.05). For experimental and control groups AST values were 236.22 U/l and 211.84 U/l respectively, and ALT values were 32.19 U/l and 24.55 U/l. All of coefficients were less than 20%. The colonization of SE in organs increases the enzyme activities of AST and ALT in blood. Conclusions:SE in feed could invade the oviduct and infect the forming eggs. It significantly increased the concentration of ALT and AST in blood

  17. Blood Samples of Peripheral Venous Catheter or The Usual Way: Do Infusion Fluid Alters the Biochemical Test Results?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taghizadeganzadeh, Mahboobeh; Yazdankhahfard, Mohammadreza; Farzaneh, Mohammadreza; Mirzaei, Kamran

    2016-01-01

    Background: Most blood tests require venous blood samples. Puncturing the vein also causes pain, infection, or damage to the blood, and lymph flow, or long-term healing. This study aimed to determine and compare the biochemical laboratory value of the blood samples that were provided through: peripheral vein infusion (PVI) receiving continuous intravenous fluid; and the usual method of blood sampling. Methods: This is an interventional, quasi-experimental, and controlled study. The selected study sample included 60 patients, who were hospitalized during 2014, in the Internal Medicine, part of Martyrs of Persian Gulf, teaching hospital at Bushehr. Three blood samples were taken from each patient that were provided through PVI line (5 ml blood collected at beginning of IVC and then another 5 cc), and another case was prepared by common blood sampling (control). All the samples were analyzed in terms of sodium, potassium, urea and creatinine using SPSS Ver.19 software, by paired t-test and Pearson’s correlation coefficients. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the amount of sodium and potassium in the first blood samples taken from the intravenous infusion line and vein puncture. However, no significant differences were found among the biochemical amount in the second blood samples taken from the intravenous infusion line and vein puncture. Conclusions: We can use blood samples taken from peripheral intravenous infusion lines after 5cc discarding from the first part of the sample for measuring the value of sodium, potassium, urea and creatinine.

  18. BIOCHEMICAL STANDARDIZATION OF TORTEZIN, A NOVEL IMMUNOSTIMULATOR FROM THE TORTOISE BLOOD CELLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NIGORA TAGAYALIEVA

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The biochemical characterization of the substances presented in the new haemo and immuno stimulating preparation Tortezin from the blood cells of the Central Asian tortoise. Materials and Methods: Tortezin substances manufactured in 20062010 were examined by electrophoresis, spectroscopy and RPHPLC. Results: In UV spectra of Tortezin aqueous solution the pronounced maximum was at 218±1.2 nm and mild spike at 280±3.2 nm; in fluorescence emission spectra upon excitation with wavelength at 280 nm peak emission maximum was 460 ± 38 nm and at 295 nm was 455±21 nm. The RPHPLC profile and SDS 10% PAGE showed the presence of repetitive typical peaks in different samples. Conclusion: The different methods are to be recommended for standardization of Tortezin

  19. Reference values for selected hematological and biochemical blood parameters from prepregnancy to advanced gestation in Angora cats

    OpenAIRE

    ŞİMŞEK, Özkan; ARIKAN, ŞEVKET; ÇINAR, Miyase

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to monitor some hematological and biochemical blood parameters from prepregnancy to advanced gestation in Angora cats. In the present study, 35 blood samples obtained before and during pregnancy from 7 adult cats were used. Blood was collected from cats before pregnancy and on days 15, 30, 45, and 55 of gestation. The blood samples were analyzed in terms of WBC, RBC, Hb, PCV, MCV, MCH, MCHC, GRA, MON, and LYM values. Additionally, serum ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, LDH, and C...

  20. Blood biochemical parameters in male American mink (Neovison vison before and during the breeding season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan Lasota

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed at selected blood biochemical parameters in the male American mink before (September-November and during the breeding (January-March season. Blood from 143 Black and Sapphire male mink at one year age was collected. The plasma was assayed for the concentration of glucose, total protein, cholesterol, HDL and LDL fractions, triacylglycerides (TG, and the activity of ALT and AST. Concentrations of glucose, protein, total and HDL/LDL cholesterol, and AST activity were generally slightly higher during the breeding season than during the non-breeding season, but remained within the reference range. In the case of ALT activity and TG concentration, the relations were reversed. The parameters studied in the Sapphire mink showed greater variation, both in- and out of the season. In Black and Sapphire males of the American mink, the studied parameters revealed slightly higher values during the breeding season than the non-breeding season. This will vary depending on the color variety. The decrease in TG concentration during the breeding season may indicate an increased energy demand due to ambient temperature falls, and/or may be a sign of increased energy consumption associated with physical exertion during mating. Consideration should be given to the nutrition of male mink during the breeding season.

  1. Baseline blood Pb levels of black-necked stilts on the upper Texas coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riecke, Thomas V.; Conway, Warren C.; Haukos, David A.; Moon, Jena A.; Comer, Christopher E.

    2015-01-01

    There are no known biological requirements for lead (Pb), and elevated Pb levels in birds can cause a variety of sub-lethal effects and mortality. Historic and current levels of Pb in mottled ducks (Anas fulvigula) suggest that environmental sources of Pb remain available on the upper Texas coast. Because of potential risks of Pb exposure among coexisting marsh birds, black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) blood Pb concentrations were measured during the breeding season. Almost 80 % (n = 120) of 152 sampled stilts exceeded the background threshold (>20 μg/dL) for Pb exposure. However, blood Pb concentrations did not vary by age or gender, and toxic or potentially lethal concentrations were rare (Pb concentrations of black-necked stilts in this study suggest the presence of readily bioavailable sources of Pb, although potential impacts on local stilt populations remain unclear.

  2. Snake bite: Biochemical changes in blood after envenomation by viper and cobra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.P. Basheer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Snake bite poisoning is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in tropical and sub-tropical countries like India. The present study was taken up to evaluate the biochemical changes in snake bite cases in different time periods. The clotting time (C.T was 55.83±38.5 in viper bite cases, much higher than in controls, 5.07±1.33, which was normalized after anti venom administration; however no significant changes were observed in cobra bite cases. Thus evaluation of C.T. may help to differentiate viper bites from cobra bites and to choose specific mono-valent anti-venom treatment. The blood urea level in viper bite cases increased significantly after the sixth hour: 58.19±27.6 mg% in cases; 25.80±4.9mg% in controls. Since anti-venom does not decrease the blood urea to normal, dialysis is required for normalization of urea level. Blood creatinine level in the majority of viper bite cases was found to be increased (1.60–7.4 mg% after the sixth hour, where as in cobra bite cases it was found only in 9% (1.5-2mg%; this increased creatinine level in viper bite cases caused the renal failure. Sodium and potassium levels were not increased in both cobra and viper bite cases, up to the fourth day. However, in 50% of viper bite cases, significant elevation in sodium level was observed on 5th and 6th day, due to the secondary effect of renal failure. 50% of the viper and cobra bite cases showed rise in potassium level on the sixth day which ranged between 5.1– 4.14 mEq/litre. No significant difference was observed in serum calcium level between viper and cobra bite cases. In the present study, clotting time increases immediately after viper bite, detection of which within six hours is a good indicator of envenomation by viper bite. The other biochemical parameters would be helpful to assess the severity of renal failure predominant after six hours of envenomation.

  3. Haematological and blood biochemical profile in lactating buffaloes in and around Parbhani city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. D. Hagawane

    Full Text Available Forty buffaloes in early, mid and late lactation with a drop in a milk production were screened for haematological and blood biochemical profile. In early stage of lactation haemoglobin concentration showed lowered trend as compared to recorded means in other groups of lactating buffaloes.  The mean value of TLC in dry pregnant group of buffaloes was 10.05± 0.89 X 103 /cmm showed slightly higher trend than the normal healthy control group. The blood glucose was significantly higher in dry buffaloes (52.72±4.22 mg/dl than the early and late lactating buffaloes (48.23±3.44 mg/dl. During early stage of lactation the serum total protein values (8.36±0.47 g/dl was slightly elevated than the normal healthy control (8.00±0.57 g/dl. The urea nitrogen values differ significantly (P<0.05 amongst different groups of lactating buffaloes. The descending trend in the serum cholesterol concentration in dry pregnant buffaloes compared to lactating buffaloes was observed. There was drop in calcium level during early stage of lactation (8.19±0.83 mg/dl than the normal healthy buffaloes (11.21±0.19 mg/dl. As the stage of lactation progresses the serum calcium level increased. Serum magnesium concentration in various groups of buffaloes did not differ significantly. Early lactation showed highest susceptibility for ketosis and hypocalcaemia. The metabolic disorder associated with hypophosphatemia was significantly high in dry (advance pregnant buffaloes. [Vet World 2009; 2(12.000: 467-469

  4. 血液生化检验的临床调查研究%Blood Biochemical Examination of Clinical Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵兴

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence factors of clinical blood biochemical tests and their results accuracy.MethodsColect the hospital clinical laboratory in the near future keep biochemical blood test data of 80 patients. Analysis of the emergence of al patients in the whole process of the blood colected, for the blood biochemical test, the influence of test analysis explore the influencing factors on the accuracy of the blood test.Results When sampling before patients taking drugs, improper sampling method, for the amount of colection after anticoagulation is not correct, preservation conditions and inspection time is not scientific, the stand or fal of instrument work are important factors influencing the accuracy of the blood biochemical tests.Conclusion For patients with blood biochemical examination must be in strict accordance with the blood test, the relevant provisions of the can obtain accurate blood test results.%目的:探究临床血液生化检验的影响因素及其结果准确性。方法收集我院检验科近期保存的80份患者生化验血资料。分析所有患者采集血液的全程出现的情况对血液生化检验的影响,结合检验分析探讨对血液检验的准确性的影响因素。结果采集前患者服用药物、采集时采集方法不当,采集后抗凝使用不正确、保存条件和送检时间不科学、仪器工作的好坏都是影响血液生化检验准确性的重要因素。结论对患者进行血液生化检验时必须严格按照血液检验的相关规定,才能获得准确的血液检验结果。

  5. Developmental dynamics of some blood biochemical parameters in the growing turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabó, A; Mézes, M; Horn, P; Süto, Z; Bázár, Gy; Romvári, R

    2005-01-01

    Blood serum clinical biochemical parameters of fasted BUT Big 8 male turkeys were determined at the ages of 3 days, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 weeks, for a follow-up of the developmental changes of some serum metabolites, enzymes and ions. The serum protein content (total protein, albumin, globulin) increased with age, indicating also the moulting-associated metabolic changes in the age interval from the 8th to the 12th weeks. Creatinine was shown to have a peak at 3 days of age (role of muscle activity in thermogenesis), while urate concentration sensitively reflected the dietary protein amount. Serum triglycerides peaked at the time of yolk catabolism, while cholesterol was shown to indicate the moulting, as was serum malondialdehyde. Serum sodium content increased throughout the study. Alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities increased along the ontogeny, while alkaline phosphatase activity decreased in parallel with the growth. Serum creatine kinase activity showed an over one-magnitude increase. General metabolic and enzymatic alterations were characteristic and applicable for the description of the ontogenetic development of a precocial (post-hatch triglyceride peak), large bodied, meat-type (lactate dehydrogenase, continuously increasing creatine kinase) bird species.

  6. Influence of glutathione-s-transferase (GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphism on baseline micronuclei frequency in peripheral blood lymphocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stošić Ivana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We have analyzed impact of polymorphism in GSTT1 and GSTM1 genes on the micronuclei (MN frequency in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs. A total 134 women from central Serbia were enrolled in the study. Polymorphisms of GST genes were genotyped by performing a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR and cytokinesis block micronucleus (CBMN test was used to assess MN frequency. GSTT1 null and GSTM1 null genotype carriers had higher MN frequencies as compared to positive counterparts but without statistical significance. Carriers of dual GSTT1/GSTM1 null genotypes had significantly higher MN frequency than positive/positive, positive/null and null/positive. Smokers and women >45 years old with GSTT1 null genotype and GSTT1null/GSTM1null genotypes have statistically higher MN frequency than positive counterparts. Results suggest possible influence of dual null genotypes of GSTT1/GSTM1 on the baseline MN frequency, as well influence on the level of MN in smokers and in women age >45 years. GSTT1 null genotype may have the potential to influence the baseline MN frequency in PBLs of smokers, as well as in women age >45 years. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 41010

  7. Changes in white blood pictures and some biochemical parameters of dairy cows in peripartum period and early lactation

    OpenAIRE

    Mirjana Joksimović Todorović; Vesna Davidović

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this research was to determine the changes in the number of cells of white blood line and some biochemical parameters: concentration of glucose, concentration of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), activity of enzymes of aspartat aminotransferase (AST), alanin aminotransferase (ALT) and gamma glutamyltranferase (GGT), in 17 Holstein-Friesian breed dairy cows in peripartum period and early lactation (on d 15 prepartum, on the day of parturition and on d 15, 30, and 45 postpartu...

  8. The Effects of Air Pollution and Smoking on Cadmium Concentration in Human Blood and Correlation with Biochemical Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Zeneli

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The study described the research of the effects that the environment pollution and smoking have in cadmium concentration in human blood, as well as in the correlation between cadmium and the biochemical parameters. Approach: In a comparative study of cadmium concentration in blood of human population of two different environments in Kosovo, one nearby Kosovo Thermo Power Plants (Obiliq, a highly polluted environments (Investigated Group and the other that was considered as relatively clean rural environment Dragash (control group. Results: The results showed that there exists a significant difference in the average concentration of cadmium in human blood between the Investigated Group (IG and the Control Group (CG (t = -3.34, p = 0.0006. The series of determination of cadmium concentration in blood of population that lives in this environment had shown direct effects in biochemical parameters (direct bilirubine, total bilirubine. Conclusion: Air pollution (from coal burning in power plant and smoking were very important factors for the level of cadmium concentration in blood, which had an inhibitory effect in the syntheses of bilirubine.

  9. Antihypertensive medications and sexual function in women: Baseline data from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Holly N.; Evans, Gregory W.; Berlowtiz, Dan R.; Chertow, Glenn M.; Conroy, Molly B.; Foy, Capri G.; Glasser, Stephen P.; Lewis, Cora E.; Riley, William T.; Russell, Laurie; Williams, Olubunmi; Hess, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Hypertension is a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular and kidney disease, but treatment can substantially reduce risks. Many patients avoid antihypertensive medications due to fear of side effects. While associations between antihypertensives and sexual dysfunction in men have been documented, it remains unclear whether antihypertensives are associated with sexual dysfunction in women. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from women in the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) to evaluate the relations among class of antihypertensive medication and the outcomes (a) sexual activity and (b) sexual function. Methods SPRINT enrolled individuals 50 and older with hypertension at high risk for cardiovascular disease. A subset of participants completed questionnaires regarding quality of life (QoL), including sexual function. Antihypertensive class was determined by medications taken at baseline. Results Of 690 women in the QoL subset of SPRINT, 183 (26.5%) were sexually active. There were no significant differences in sexual activity among women taking one or more antihypertensives and women not taking any. Women taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker (ACEI/ARB) had higher odds of sexual activity [OR 1.66 (1.12-4.27), p=0.011]. Among sexually active women, the prevalence of sexual dysfunction was high (52.5%). No class of medication was associated with sexual dysfunction in the multivariable model. Conclusions ACEI/ARB use was associated with higher odds of sexual activity. While prevalence of sexual dysfunction was high, no single class of antihypertensive medication was associated with sexual dysfunction. PMID:27032074

  10. Effect of feeding different levels of Azolla pinnata on blood biochemicals, hematology and immunocompetence traits of Chabro chicken

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepesh Bharat Mishra

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The present study was conducted to see the effect of feeding different levels of Azolla meal on blood biochemicals, hematology and immunocompetence traits of Chabro chicken. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 160 Chabro chicks, which were randomly divided into four treatment groups each with four replicates of 10 birds. The first treatment (T1 served as a control in which basal diets was offered without Azolla supplementation while in T2, T3, and T4 groups, basal diet was replaced with Azolla meal at 5%, 7.5%, and 10% levels, respectively. A feeding trial was conducted upto 8 weeks. At the last week of trial, blood samples were collected randomly from one bird of each replicate and plasma was separated to estimate certain biochemical parameters, some blood metabolites, minerals and enzymes like alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase (AST. Hematological parameters such as hemoglobin, packed cell volume, total leukocytes count and differential leukocytes count were estimated in fresh blood just after collection. The humoral immune response was measured against sheep red blood cells,and cell-mediated immune response was measured against phyto hemagglutinin lectin from Phaseolus vulgaris (PHA-P. Results: The study showed that hematological profile of the Chabro bird was not affected by any treatment except heterophil and lymphocyte which was found higher in T2 and T3 groups and eosinophil was found higher in a T3 group than control. Blood glucose, creatinine, cholesterol, total protein, albumin, uric acid, and triglycerides were found similar in all the groups and within the normal values for broiler chicken. Liver enzymes and macro mineral content in blood were found similar in all the treatment groups and within normal physiological range. Although AST was found higher in 10% replacement group than control, the value was within normal range for broiler chicken. Although antibody titer was found similar in all

  11. EURASIAN MINERAL WATER: MATHEMATICAL MODELING, CLASSIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THEIR IMPACT ON THE BIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF HUMAN BLOOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay Kornilov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article the results of comparative analysis of the composition of the Eurasian hydromineral resources and the assessment of their impact on the physiological condition of a human organism according to biochemical studies of venous blood are presented. Processing of initial data on the composition and properties of mineral waters chloride-hydrocarbonate, sulphate- hydrocarbonate and chloride-sulphate types and venous blood are made using the method of mathematical modeling, developed by the authors of this article. It is shown that in the balneological impact of hydromineral resources on the body in the blood increases the hemoglobin and oxygen, decreases glucose, and acid-base pH shifted to high alkalinity.

  12. Characterization of blood biochemical markers during aging in the Grey Mouse Lemur (Microcebus murinus: impact of gender and season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marchal Julia

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hematologic and biochemical data are needed to characterize the health status of animal populations over time to determine the habitat quality and captivity conditions. Blood components and the chemical entities that they transport change predominantly with sex and age. The aim of this study was to utilize blood chemistry monitoring to establish the reference levels in a small prosimian primate, the Grey Mouse Lemur (Microcebus murinus. Method In the captive colony, mouse lemurs may live 10–12 years, and three age groups for both males and females were studied: young (1–3 years, middle-aged (4–5 years and old (6–10 years. Blood biochemical markers were measured using the VetScan Comprehensive Diagnostic Profile. Because many life history traits of this primate are highly dependent on the photoperiod (body mass and reproduction, the effect of season was also assessed. Results The main effect of age was observed in blood markers of renal functions such as creatinine, which was higher among females. Additionally, blood urea nitrogen significantly increased with age and is potentially linked to chronic renal insufficiency, which has been described in captive mouse lemurs. The results demonstrated significant effects related to season, especially in blood protein levels and glucose rates; these effects were observed regardless of gender or age and were likely due to seasonal variations in food intake, which is very marked in this species. Conclusion These results were highly similar with those obtained in other primate species and can serve as references for future research of the Grey Mouse Lemur.

  13. Changes of blood biochemical indexes in stroke patients after scalp acupuncture:A randomized controlled observation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongxing Zhang; Li Zhou; Tangfa Zhang; Guofu Huang

    2006-01-01

    perform acupuncture successively with 3 needles.At approximately 30.angle,the needle was quickly inserted beneath the scalp.When the needlepoint reached the lower layer of galea aponeurotica and less resistance was felt by fingers,the needle was inserted horizontally as scalp for another 1.0-1.5 cun,then twirled rapidly and continuously at the speed of about 220 times per minute. Afterwards the needle was retained for thirty minutes and twirled once every five minutes, and every twirling lasted for two or three minutes.During the retention,the affected part should be moved about either actively or passively.②Body acupuncture group:The acupoints were Jianyu(LI 15),Quchi(LI 11),Hegu(LI 14),Waiguan(SJ 5),Huantiao (GB 30),Yanglingquan(GB 34),Zusanli(ST 36)and Sanyinjiao(SP 6),etc.,and eight to ten acupoints of them were inserted each time using acupuncture needles(1.0-4.0 cun).Having brought about the needling sensation in acupuncture treatment,uniform reinforcing-reducing method was conducted.The needles were also retained for 30 minutes with hand manipulating of the needles once every five minutes. Both groups received treatments once a day.and six treatments as a course,there was a one-day interval between two courses,continuously for 4 courses. ③The Criteria for Diagnosis and Therapeutic Effect Evaluation of Apoplexy was applied to evaluate the curative effects of all the patients after 4 courses.④At one day before the treatment and after four courses of treatment,the hemorrheologic indexes were assayed with LBY-N6 hemorrheologic apparatus produced by Tianjin Techcomp Ltd:And blood lipids were tested with automatic biochemical analyzer,while radioimmunoassay(RIA)was used to measure the level of plasma endothelin.⑤Difference of ranked data were compared by means of Radit analysis.And t test was used for comparison between two groups while pairing t test was used for comparison of enumeration data before and after treatment.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ①Comparison of

  14. Effects of dietary administration of yarrow extract on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Nafisi Bahabadi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to investigate the clinical effects and possible side effects of yarrow extract (Achillea millefolium L. as feed additive on biochemical blood parameters and growth performance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fishes were treated with 0 (control, 0.1, 0.5 and 1% of yarrow extract for 30 days. Plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, alkaline phosphatase (ALP, creatine kinase (CK, peroxidase activity, total complement and lysozyme activity, glucose, total protein, triglyceride and cholesterol were measured after 15 and 30 days of yarrow treatment. There were no significant changes in the lysozyme activity and glucose levels. Total protein and globulin levels were significantly higher in the fish fed with diets enriched with 1% yarrow extract on day 30. Triglyceride and cholesterol levels was significantly decreased in the fish fed with diets containing 0.5% and 1% yarrow extract on day 30 (P<0.05. LDH, CK and peroxidase activities in the fish fed with diets having 1% yarrow extract were significantly decreased at the end of the experiment (P<0.05. In contrast, a significant increase in AST, ALP and total complement activity was observed in the fish fed with 1% yarrow extract diet, on day 15 (P<0.05. The weight gain and specific growth rate increased and food conversion ratio decreased in in the fish fed 1% yarrow extract on day 30. Condition factor in the fish fed with yarrow extract was significantly higher than control group on 30 day. In conclusion, on the basis of these results, oral administration of yarrow extract up to 0.5% have not side effect on blood biochemical and clinical parameters of fishes. However, oral administration of 1% of yarrow extract caused cytotoxicity and modifications in blood biochemical parameters of fish.

  15. The Relationship Between Baseline Blood Pressure and Computed Tomography Findings in Acute Stroke Data From the Tinzaparin in Acute Ischaemic Stroke Trial (TAIST)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sare, G.M.; Bath, P.M.W.; Gray, L.J.;

    2009-01-01

    Background and Purpose-High blood pressure (BP) is present in approximate to 80% of patients with acute ischemic stroke and is independently associated with poor outcome. There are few data examining the relationship between admission BP and acute CT findings. Methods-TAIST was a randomized...... associated with baseline BP. Conclusion-Although high baseline BP is independently associated with a poor outcome after stroke, this was not shown to be through an association with increased hemorrhagic transformation, cerebral edema, or mass effect; trial design may be suboptimal to detect this. Higher SBP...

  16. Effect of dietary cation-anion balance on blood biochemical parameters and items in urine of dairy cows

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty cows in mid-lactation were randomly ground into 4 diets with dietary cation-anion balance (DCAB, mEq/100 g dry matter) values of 87 (control), 300, 400 and 500 to measure the effect of DCAB on blood biochemical parameters and urine index. In blood, luteotropin significantly increased at DCAB 400 fed sample, estradiol (E2) and urea decreased at DCAB 400 and 500 fed sample. However, Lactate dehydrogenate, creatine phosphokinase and total protein had a significant increase for DCAB 300 and 400 fed sample. Calcium for all treatments significantly increased. In urine, Urea and pH significantly increased, but K+ reduced at DCAB 400 and 500 fed sample. Cl- was lower for all treatments, and Na+ was higher for DCAB 300 and 500 fed sample. Urea was enhanced at DCAB 400 feed. DCAB 400 is suited as the feed for midlactation cows. (authors)

  17. Study of a number of biochemical indices of the blood and tissue of dogs after prolonged gamma-radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alers, I.; Alersova, E.; Praslichka, T.; Mishurova, E.; Sedlakova, A.; Malatova, Z.; Akhunov, A. A.; Markelov, B. A.

    1974-01-01

    The glucose content in blood and the lipid content in serum and tissues of dogs exposed to chronic radiation for 3 and 5 years were studied. In tissues of these animals, the concentration of soluble DNA and DNA contained in DNP was studied in the spleen, lymph node (deep cervical node) and bone marrow of thigh bones. Results indicate that chronic gamma irradiation significantly changes concentrations of glucose in the blood, and that of several lipids in serum and tissues. A reduction in the concentration of DNP in tested organs reflects changes in the relative number of cells with various nuclear cytoplasmic ratios; most pronounced changes in biochemical indices occur in dogs exposed to chronic gamma radiation in doses of 125 rad per year.

  18. Copper-induced changes of lipid peroxidation and hemato-biochemical parameters in rat blood: Protective role of flavonoids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mladenović Jelena M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of subchronic exposure to copper (Cu on lipid peroxidation, hemato-biochemical parameters, and the possible protective role of flavonoids Quercetin and (--Epicatechin were studied. Male Wistar albino rats were treated with Cu (560 mg/L, p.o. as CuCl2•2H2O for 5 weeks and Quercetin and (--Epicatechin (40 mg/kg BW each, i.p., every third day during the last 3 weeks alone or in combination. Cu increased the concentration of lipid peroxides, decreased the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin and hematocrit values and increased the activities of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase. Coadministration of Quercetin and (--Epicatechin with Cu lowered the process of lipid peroxidation and restored examined hemato-biochemical parameters to control values. Our results indicate that Cu induced oxidative damage in erythrocytes, which led to anemia, while Quercetin and (--Epicatechin showed a protective effect on the hemato-biochemical processes in the blood of rats. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173041

  19. Effect of humic-plant feed preparations on biochemical blood parameters of laying hens in deep litter housing system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bubel, F; Dobrzański, Z; Gaweł, A; Pogoda-Sewerniak, K; Grela, E R

    2015-01-01

    An influence of various humic-plant feed additives based on some herbs (nettle, chamomile, yarrow, perforatum), lucerne and humic materials on biochemical indices of Lohmann Brown (LB) layers blood plasma was estimated. Hens were housed in deep litter system, 20 birds in a group. Four groups were formed: control (C - standard feeding), and experimental, supplemented with prepara- tions: E-1 herbal-humic, E-2 humic-herbal and E-3--humic-lucerne. Hens were placed in the pens on the 16th week of life, addition of preparations with standard food mixture started at the 22nd wk and lasted until 66th wk of life. Blood for analyses was collected four times in the following periods: 27, 37, 54 and 65th wk of life. The applied humic-plant preparations to a limited degree affected the values of examined biochemical parameters in serum: total protein (TP), albumins (Albs), glucose (Glu), urea, triacylglycerols (TAG), total cholesterol (TCh), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminot- ransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). It is difficult to determine based on these study, which preparation is one the most active biologically, however is seems that humic-lucerne prepara- tion affected the examined blood parameters to the highest degree. The reference values ranges in hens blood serum LB hens were proposed for: TP (43-65 g/l), Albs (15-22 g/l), urea (0.5-1.2 mmol/l), Glu 10-15 mmol/l), TCh (2.2-4.5 mmol/l), TAG (10-24 mmol/l), AST (4-12 U/l), ALT (150-280 mmol/l) and ALP (190-350 U/l).

  20. Correlation Analysis between Complex Relative Permittivity and Biochemical Components for Blood of Dialysis Patients before and after Hemodialysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeda, Akira; Takata, Kazuyuki; Nagao, Hirotomo; Wang, Jianqing; Fujiwara, Osamu

    We previously measured for healthy subjects and patients who require hemodialysis the complex relative permittivity (εr´-jεr´´) of whole blood, and found that εr´-axis intercept εrt´ of straight line approximation to the Cole-Cole plots at frequencies from 200 MHz to 1GHz is significantly different with a level of less than 1% among its averaged values for healthy subjects and patients before and after dialysis, though any correlations between εrt´ and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine being used as main indices for hemodialysis evaluation have not so far been clarified. In this study, to make correlation analyses between the intercept εrt´ and blood biochemical components for nine patients before and after hemodialysis, we measured six kinds of their blood components including BUN and creatinine, and calculated their Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients for εrt´ along with significant probability P based on a t-test. It should be noted that P is a reference probability to determine whether or not a null hypothesis can be rejected, and that the P value of 0.05 is commonly used as a significance level for statistical test. As a result, we found that a strong correlation with P 0.05 between εrt´ and other blood components including BUN and creatinine. Although albumin is not used as an index for hemodialysis efficiency, it can reflect water amount in blood vessels and liver operation. This finding implies that εrt´ could be used as an index for evaluating blood viscosity and liver function.

  1. Effects of substituting soya bean meal (SBM) with blood meal (BM) on biochemical profile of pregnant pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abonyi, Festus Otaka; Machebe, Ndubuisi Samuel; Ezea, Michael Sunday; Eze, James I; Omeke, Benjamin Chigozie; Marire, Benjamin Nwabueze

    2013-04-01

    Twenty-four Large White × Landrace crossbreed primigravid pigs, aged 7.50 to 8.00 months weighing between 86.15 and 88.24 kg were used to study the effects of feeding graded levels of soya bean meal (SBM) replaced blood meal (BM) diets on serum biochemical profile in gestating pigs. The pigs were randomly allotted to four finisher diets formulated such that BM replaced SBM at 0.0, 50.0, 75.0 and 100.0 %, respectively. The diets were T1 (100.0 % SBM, 0.0 % BM), T2 (50.0 % SBM, 50.0 % BM), T3 (25.0 % SBM, 75.0 % BM) and T4 (0.0 % SBM, 100.0 % BM). Individual animal's daily ration of the test diets was 2.20, 2.00 and 2.50 kg at stages one, two and three of gestation. Blood sampling and analysis for the effects of the test diets on biochemical profile of the experimental animals were carried out prior to conception, at weeks 3, 7 and 11 of gestation, respectively. The result showed no significant (P ≥ 0.05) dietary treatment effects on total protein, albumin, globulin fraction, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, creatinine and urea profile of the pigs fed with BM diets when compared to the control fed with 100.0 % SBM. There was however a significant (P ≤ 0.05) variation in these biochemical indices in all the experimental groups at different stages of gestation. It was concluded that BM can replace 100.0 % of SBM in the diets of pregnant pigs in the tropical humid environment without any deleterious effect on their health.

  2. Age-Dependent Variation in Hormonal Concentration and Biochemical Constituents in Blood Plasma of Indian Native Fowl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avishek Biswas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This experiment was to investigate the age-related changes in hormonal concentration and biochemical constituents of blood plasma in Indian native desi fowl. One hundred and sixty two (54 from each breed, i.e., Kadaknath (KN, Aseel peela (AP, and White leghorn (WLH day-old female chicks were randomly divided into nine groups each of 18 chicks (3 groups × 3 replicates. WLH was taken in this study to compare the characteristics of Indian native desi fowl. The highest level of estrogen hormone in WLH and desi fowl in blood plasma was occurred at 18 and 24 wks of age, respectively. Whereas, the peak of progesterone hormone in WLH hens noticed around 24 wks, in case of desi fowls, it was at 30 wks of age. Irrespective of the breed, the hormonal profile of Triiodothyronine (T3 and Thyroxine (T4 in blood plasma was found highest around 6 to 12 wks of age. Activities of acid phosphatase (ACP increased with the reduction of alkaline phosphate (ALP activities at different time intervals. Irrespective of the breed, transaminases (glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT and glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT activities of blood plasma increased linearly with the advancement of the age. From this study, it may be concluded that sexual maturity of the Indian native desi fowl occurred nearly 6 wk later (24 wk than WLH.

  3. The in Vitro Assessment of Biochemical Factors in Hepatocyte like Cells Derived from Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A KHoramroodi

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Umbilical cord blood (UCB is a source of Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC and progenitor cells that can reconstitute the hematopoietic system in patients with malignant and nonmalignant disorders. Mesenchymal stem cell-derived from umbilical cord blood (UCB have been differentiated to some kind of cells, such as osteobblast, adipoblast and chondroblast in Vitro. This study examined the differentiation of Umbilical Cord Blood (UCB derived stem cells to functional hepatocytes. Materials & Methods: The present study was an experimental study which was carried out in the Payam-e-Noor University of Tehran in cooperation with Hamedan University of Medical Sciences in 2008. Umbilical cord blood (UCB was obtained from Fatemieh hospital (Hamadan, Iran. Stem cells were isolated from the cord blood by combining density gradient centrifugation with plastic adherence. When the isolated cells reached 80% confluence, they differentiated to hepatocyte like cells. The medium which was used was consists of DMEM and 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS supplemented with 20 ng/mL Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF, 10 ng/mL basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF and 20 ng/mL Oncostatin M (OSM.The medium was changed every 3 days and stored for Albumin (ALB, Alpha Fetoprotein (AFP, Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP, and urea assay. Finally PAS stain was done to study Glycogen storage in the differentiated cell. Results: Measurement of biochemical factors in different days showed that concentration of albumin (ALB, alpha fetoprotein (AFP, alkaline phosphatase (ALP, and Urea gradually increased. Also, PAS staining showed the storage of glycogen in these cells. Conclusion: Stem cell-derived from human umbilical cord blood (HUCB is a new source of cell types for cell transplantation therapy of hepatic diseases and under certain conditions these cells can differentiate into liver cells.

  4. Snake bite: Biochemical changes in blood after envenomation by viper and cobra

    OpenAIRE

    M.P. Basheer; K.M. Pradeep Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Snake bite poisoning is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in tropical and sub-tropical countries like India. The present study was taken up to evaluate the biochemical changes in snake bite cases in different time periods. The clotting time (C.T) was 55.83±38.5 in viper bite cases, much higher than in controls, 5.07±1.33, which was normalized after anti venom administration; however no significant changes were observed in cobra bite cases. Thus evaluation of C.T. may help to diff...

  5. Occupational lead poisoning in the United States: Clinical and biochemical findings related to blood lead levels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baker, E.L.; Landrigan, P.J.; Barbour, A.G.; Cox, D.H.; Folland, D.S.

    1977-01-01

    A study was made of 160 lead exposed workers at a secondary lead smelter, a small scrap smelter, and a lead chemicals facility to investigate dose response relationships between blood lead levels and toxic effects. The levels of blood lead ranged from 0.77 to 13.51 micromoles/liter (micromol/l). In 70 workers, 44 percent of the total number, clinical evidence of toxic exposure was detected including colic in 33, wrist or ankle extensor muscle weakness in 12, anemia in 27, elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in 28, and possible encephalopathy in two. At blood lead levels below 1.93 micromol/l no toxicity was detected. However, 13 percent of those workers with blood lead levels of 1.93 to 3.81 micromol/l had extensor muscle weakness or gastrointestinal symptoms. In 5 percent of the workers with lead levels of 1.93 to 2.85 micromol/l, anemia was noted. Anemia was also noted in 14 percent with levels between 2.90 and 3.81 micromol/l and in 36 percent with levels over 3.86 micromol/l. In long term lead workers elevated BUN occurred. All but three workers with elevated BUN had at least 4 years of occupational lead exposure, and nine had received oral chelation therapy. Eight of this group had reduced creatinine clearance and eight had decreased renal concentrating ability.

  6. Effect of exercise on Special Aviation Gymnastics Instruments on blood serum levels of selected biochemical indices in cadets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Wochyński

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Aim of this study was the training effect evaluation on the Special Aviation Gymnastics Instruments (SAGI on blood metallothionein (MT, zinc (Zn, copper (Cu, protein, neuron-specific enolase (NSE, and physical fitness in the examined cadets. Material and methods. The study comprised 55 cadets, aged 20, divided into two groups: examined group A (N=41 and control group B (N=14. In both groups, blood material was collected twice, i.e. before (baseline and after training (series I, during (series II, and after completion of training on the SAGI (Series III. Blood serum MT, Zn, Cu, protein, and NSE were assayed with commercially available kits. Physical fitness was assessed with commonly used fitness tests. Results. A significant decrease in serum MT was noted in both groups in all three series of assays after training, except group B in series II. NSE significantly increased in group A in series II after training. NSE activity increased significantly in group B in series I and III. In both groups, a significant decrease in blood serum Zn was noted after training in series I and II. Serum Cu significantly decreased in group A in all three series of assays. Blood serum protein significantly decreased in group A in series III. In series II, blood serum protein increased significantly in both groups. The remaining values were not changed significantly. Conclusions. Training intensity on SAGI lowered serum MT levels after training in comparison with the control group. This might be associated with Zn, Cu, and protein metabolism.

  7. Biochemical and functional analysis of two Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage 6-cys proteins: P12 and P41.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tana Taechalertpaisarn

    Full Text Available The genomes of Plasmodium parasites that cause malaria in humans, other primates, birds, and rodents all encode multiple 6-cys proteins. Distinct 6-cys protein family members reside on the surface at each extracellular life cycle stage and those on the surface of liver infective and sexual stages have been shown to play important roles in hepatocyte growth and fertilization respectively. However, 6-cys proteins associated with the blood-stage forms of the parasite have no known function. Here we investigate the biochemical nature and function of two blood-stage 6-cys proteins in Plasmodium falciparum, the most pathogenic species to afflict humans. We show that native P12 and P41 form a stable heterodimer on the infective merozoite surface and are secreted following invasion, but could find no evidence that this complex mediates erythrocyte-receptor binding. That P12 and P41 do not appear to have a major role as adhesins to erythrocyte receptors was supported by the observation that antisera to these proteins did not substantially inhibit erythrocyte invasion. To investigate other functional roles for these proteins their genes were successfully disrupted in P. falciparum, however P12 and P41 knockout parasites grew at normal rates in vitro and displayed no other obvious phenotypic changes. It now appears likely that these blood-stage 6-cys proteins operate as a pair and play redundant roles either in erythrocyte invasion or in host-immune interactions.

  8. Biochemical characterization of blood plasma of coronary artery disease patients by in vitro high-resolution proton NMR spectroscopy

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anu Malik; Uma Sharma; R Lakshmy; Rajiv Narang; Naranamanglam R Jagannathan

    2015-03-01

    This study aimed to investigate the biochemical profile of blood plasma of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and angiographically normal subjects (controls) to determine biomarkers for their differentiation. In this double blind study, 5 mL venous blood was drawn before angiography from CAD patients (n=60) and controls (n=13) comprising angiography normal individuals. In vitro high-resolution NMR spectroscopy of these blood plasma samples was carried out at 400 MHz, and intensity data were analysed with partial least square discriminant analysis. Categorization of subjects as controls or CAD patients and the patients further as single vessel disease (SVD), double vessel disease (DVD) and triple vessel disease (TVD) was done at the end of the study based on their angiography reports. Raised levels of lipids, alanine (Ala) and isoleucine/leucine/valine (Ile/Leu/Val) were observed in CAD patients compared with controls. Partial least square discriminant analysis showed separation between controls vs CAD patients. TVD patients showed increased levels of Ile/Leu/Val and Ala compared with controls and SVD. Alanine, Ile/Leu/Val, and LDL/VLDL appear as possible biomarkers for distinguishing between controls and patients with SVD and TVD. A metabolic adaptation of myocardium may play a role in raising the Ala level.

  9. Aliskiren in combination with losartan reduces albuminuria independent of baseline blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, Frederik; Lewis, Julia B; Lewis, Edmund J;

    2011-01-01

    Elevated BP contributes to development and progression of proteinuria and decline in renal function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Our post hoc analysis assessed the baseline BP influence on the antiproteinuric effect in the Aliskiren in the Evaluation of Proteinuria in Diabetes (AVOID) study....

  10. Changes in white blood pictures and some biochemical parameters of dairy cows in peripartum period and early lactation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjana Joksimović Todorović

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to determine the changes in the number of cells of white blood line and some biochemical parameters: concentration of glucose, concentration of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA, activity of enzymes of aspartat aminotransferase (AST, alanin aminotransferase (ALT and gamma glutamyltranferase (GGT, in 17 Holstein-Friesian breed dairy cows in peripartum period and early lactation (on d 15 prepartum, on the day of parturition and on d 15, 30, and 45 postpartum. The highest values of total leukocytes count, neutrophiles, monocytes and basophiles count were recorded on the day of parturition, and then decreased, so that the minimum value established on d 45 of lactation. The lymphocytes count was the lowest on the day of parturation, while the eosinophils and basophiles counts were significantly different in observed time intervals. The concentration of glucose ranged from 3.07 mmol/L on d 15 prepartum to 2.71 mmol/L on d 15 postpartum. A high concentration of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA in the postpartum period is a consequence of changes in energy balance and more intensive process of lypolisis in fat tissue, due to energy disbalance at the beginning of lactation. Established activity of enzymes AST, ALT and GGT was approximately the same in studied time intervals and was within physiological limits. The results of hematological and biochemical analysis in this paper do not indicate the development of postpartum ailments, because the investigated parameters were within physiological limits.

  11. Effect of anaesthetics MS-222 and clove oil on blood biochemical parameters of juvenile Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, G.; Zhuang, P.; Zhang, L.; Kynard, B.; Shi, X.; Duan, M.; Liu, J.; Huang, X.

    2011-01-01

    The effects of MS-222 and clove oil on blood biochemical parameters of juvenile Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii) were studied. MS-222 caused higher glucose (GLU) concentrations in anaesthetic test groups than for the control group. Triglyceride (TGL) concentrations of fish in the 140 and 160mgL-1 groups were also significantly higher than those of other groups. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity in the 140mgL-1 group was significantly higher than the level in 80, 100 and 120mgL-1 groups. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity in the 140mgL-1 group was significantly higher than those in the 100 and 120mgL-1 groups. Levels of total protein (TP), cholesterol (CHOL) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in anaesthetic test groups were not significantly influenced by MS-222. Clove oil did not have significant effects on levels of GLU, TP, CHOL, ALT and ALP. TGL concentration of fish exposed to 180mgL-1 clove oil was significantly higher than those of the rest anaesthetic groups. AST activities of fish exposed to 120, 150 and 180mgL-1 were significantly higher than those of 60 and 90mgL-1. Overall, TGL and AST could be potentially used as indicators of anaesthetic stress for juvenile Siberian sturgeon. Based on blood biochemical parameters, the appropriate anaesthetic concentrations of MS-222 and clove oil were 80-120mgL-1 and 60-90mgL-1, respectively. Clove oil was a promising alternative to MS-222. ?? 2011 Blackwell Verlag, Berlin.

  12. Biochemical adaptations in middle-distance runners: an assessment of blood and anthropometric parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Danila Di Majo; Gabriella Schiera; Valentina Contrò; Elena Joana Armeli; Marcello Giaccone; Marco Giammanco; Marcello Traina; Antonio Palma; Patrizia Proia

    2014-01-01

    In order to understand the mechanism underlying the physiological adaptation of purely aerobic workout, we investigated the effect of 2 months of training on nine males (17-22 year-old) middle distance running agonistic athletes. Blood sample was collected in the morning to analyze: hematological parameters, lipid profile, liver function enzymes [glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, glutamate pyruvate transaminase, gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT)] and skeletal and myocardial markers of musc...

  13. [Blood biochemical changes in maternally deprived children and their emotional status].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gogberashvili, K Ia; Gagoshidze, M V; Pagava, K I

    2011-01-01

    Environmental rearing conditions during the neonatal period are critical for the establishment of neurobiological factors controlling behavior and stress responsiveness. Early maternal deprivation in animals consisting of a single 24-h maternal deprivation episode during early neonatal life has been proposed as an animal model for certain psychopathologies including anxiety, depression and schizophrenic-related disorders. The aim of the present research was to show the mechanisms how the early maternal deprivation in humans influences the emotional status of children. To understand the effects of early deprivation on the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis of children following social interactions, we examined the blood neurotransmitters levels (Norepinefrin NA; Dofamin DF; Serotonin SE) in a group of healthy institutionalized children at age from 6 to 36 months from Tbilisi Infant's House. A group of healthy children of the same age from Mother & child shelters formed the control group. Emotional status was assessed by Leusher's Color Test in a group of healthy institutionalized children at age from 3 to 6 years from Tskneti Orphanage. Institutionalized children showed elevations in blood NE and decreased SE and DF concentrations in comparison with non deprived children's blood. The higher was percentage of children with high level of anxiety in the group of children from orphanage than in the children with family care. The results suggest that early maternal deprivation may contribute to long-term regulatory problems of the stress-responsive system that may be resulted in altered emotionality and behavior in deprived children.

  14. Haematological and serum biochemical indices of growing rabbits fed camel blood-rumen content mixture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Gambo,

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Forty-five crossbred rabbits (Dutch × New Zealand White of mixed sexes with age between 5 and 7 weeks were divided into 5 groups of 9 rabbits and fed camel blood–rumen content mixture (CBRCM for 10 weeks. The CBRCM which contained 36.40% crude protein and 22.36% crude fibre was included at 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40% levels in diets of group 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively. The packed cell volume (PCV, red blood cells (RBC, mean corpuscular volume (MCV, mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC were not significantly different (P>0.05 among the treatments groups, although the haemoglobin (Hb and white blood cells (WBC were significantly (P<0.05 influenced by the treatments. The number of basophils, neutrophils, eosinophils and lymphocytes were not affected by the levels of inclusion, however, only the monocytes differed significantly (P<0.05 among the treatments. All values for blood parameters were within the normal range for growing rabbit. Thus, the study indicated that up to 40% CBRCM could be incorporated into the diets of growing rabbits without compromising the health status of the rabbits.

  15. Blood biochemical profiles of thai indigenous and Simmental x Brahman crossbred cattle in the Central Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boonprong, S; Sribhen, C; Choothesa, A; Parvizi, N; Vajrabukka, C

    2007-03-01

    Plasma biochemical profiles were studied in 112 mature (3 to 5-year-old) healthy cattle comprised of 61 Thai indigenous and 51 Simmental x Brahman crossbred male and cyclic female cattle at Nongkwang (Central Thailand) Livestock Research and Breeding Center, Thailand. Data were analysed for the effect of breed and sex. The results showed that the plasma glucose and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) in the two breeds were significantly (P < 0.05) different. Furthermore, the urea, creatinine, albumin, total protein, aspartate amino transferase (AST), alanine amino transferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels in Thai indigenous were significantly (P < 0.01) higher than in crossbred cattle. However, creatine kinase did not significantly differ in crossbred and indigenous animals. A sex difference was found in glucose level with male Thai indigenous having significantly higher levels (P < 0.05) than the other three groups. Plasma urea concentration in male crossbred cattle was lower than in the other groups (P < 0.05). Female crossbred cattle had significantly (P < 0.05) lower plasma creatinine levels than the other animals. Furthermore, levels of albumin in male and total protein in female crossbred were the lowest (P < 0.05) among the groups. The AST, ALT, ALP and GGT levels were significantly (P < 0.05) different between male and female. Female crossbred cattle had the lowest (P < 0.05) AST and GGT levels, whereas lowest (P < 0.05) ALT and ALP concentration was determined in male individuals of these breeds. PMID:17305967

  16. Blood biochemical profiles of thai indigenous and Simmental x Brahman crossbred cattle in the Central Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boonprong, S; Sribhen, C; Choothesa, A; Parvizi, N; Vajrabukka, C

    2007-03-01

    Plasma biochemical profiles were studied in 112 mature (3 to 5-year-old) healthy cattle comprised of 61 Thai indigenous and 51 Simmental x Brahman crossbred male and cyclic female cattle at Nongkwang (Central Thailand) Livestock Research and Breeding Center, Thailand. Data were analysed for the effect of breed and sex. The results showed that the plasma glucose and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) in the two breeds were significantly (P < 0.05) different. Furthermore, the urea, creatinine, albumin, total protein, aspartate amino transferase (AST), alanine amino transferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels in Thai indigenous were significantly (P < 0.01) higher than in crossbred cattle. However, creatine kinase did not significantly differ in crossbred and indigenous animals. A sex difference was found in glucose level with male Thai indigenous having significantly higher levels (P < 0.05) than the other three groups. Plasma urea concentration in male crossbred cattle was lower than in the other groups (P < 0.05). Female crossbred cattle had significantly (P < 0.05) lower plasma creatinine levels than the other animals. Furthermore, levels of albumin in male and total protein in female crossbred were the lowest (P < 0.05) among the groups. The AST, ALT, ALP and GGT levels were significantly (P < 0.05) different between male and female. Female crossbred cattle had the lowest (P < 0.05) AST and GGT levels, whereas lowest (P < 0.05) ALT and ALP concentration was determined in male individuals of these breeds.

  17. Interaction of lipophorin with Rhodnius prolixus oocytes: biochemical properties and the importance of blood feeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petter Franco Entringer

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Lipophorin (Lp is the main haemolymphatic lipoprotein in insects and transports lipids between different organs. In adult females, lipophorin delivers lipids to growing oocytes. In this study, the interaction of this lipoprotein with the ovaries of Rhodnius prolixus was characterised using an oocyte membrane preparation and purified radiolabelled Lp (125I-Lp. Lp-specific binding to the oocyte membrane reached equilibrium after 40-60 min and when 125I-Lp was incubated with increasing amounts of membrane protein, corresponding increases in Lp binding were observed. The specific binding of Lp to the membrane preparation was a saturable process, with a Kdof 7.1 ± 0.9 x 10-8M and a maximal binding capacity of 430 ± 40 ng 125I-Lp/µg of membrane protein. The binding was calcium independent and pH sensitive, reaching its maximum at pH 5.2-5.7. Suramin inhibited the binding interaction between Lp and the oocyte membranes, which was completely abolished at 0.5 mM suramin. The oocyte membrane preparation from R. prolixus also showed binding to Lp from Manduca sexta. When Lp was fluorescently labelled and injected into vitellogenic females, the level of Lp-oocyte binding was much higher in females that were fed whole blood than in those fed blood plasma.

  18. SOME BIOCHEMICAL BLOOD CONSTANTS EVOLUTION IN REPORT TO THE TRAINING SCHEDULE STAGE IN SPORT HORSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FLAVIA BOCHIS

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available To determine whether a clinical examination was adequate to assess the fitness of horses in a fence course riding, and to characterize the relationship between a clinical assessment of the horse's fitness, training schedule stage and its blood biochemistry, 22 horses were monitored before (S1, during training, immediately after warming-up (S2 and after an E level fence obstacle course ride (S3. The blood samples were taken from the jugular vein in the above three mentioned phases, for the determination of total protein (g/dl, nitrogen (mg/dl, glucose (mg/dl, lactic acid (nmol/l, calcium (mg/dl, cholesterol (mg/dl and phosphorus (mg/dl. The intend of the paper is to present the obtained results as a reference study for the appropriate use by clinicians, sport horses owners and trainers in view to have a solid base in evaluation, for the adequate protection of health and welfare of the jumper horses competitors.

  19. Correlations between blood lead levels and some physiological and biochemical parameters of nutritional importance in some Nigerian women

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lead is one of the common toxic materials widely occurring in the Nigerian environment. Even with the change to unleaded petrol, other significant sources still remain to be addressed. The deleterious impact of lead on human health, is well documented. The effects range from attention-grabbing mass mortality - as happened in Zamfara State recently, to no less serious but grossly neglected neurocognitive and neurodevelopmental effects, including lowered intelligence quotient scores. All these impacts are most serious in children, especially fetuses who receive their burden from their mothers. Ninety percent of lead in most adults resides in the bones with a half-life measured in decades. Therefore, fetuses and breast-fed children in this generation will remain seriously at risk of exposure to damaging lead levels no matter the efforts to rid our external environment of lead in the years to come. In this work, we have investigated the correlation between Blood Lead Levels (BLL) and up to 35 physiological and biochemical parameters of nutritional importance in 62 women of child-bearing age from lIe-lfe, Nigeria. BLL was determined in venous blood using Inductively- coupled plasma Mass Spectrometry. Our results show that BLL significantly correlates with Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Creatine Clearance, and the ratio of Low-density Lipids to High density Lipids in these women. When the subjects were stratified into different Nutritional Status group based on their Body Mass Index, significant correlation was found between BLL and Age but only in Obese subjects.

  20. Impact of sex and diet on hematological and blood plasma biochemical profiles and liver histology of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca (L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakęś Zdzisław

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to determine the impact of diet and sex on the hematological and blood plasma biochemical profiles and the liver histology of pikeperch, Sander lucioperca (L. reared in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS (initial mean body weight (BW 1.35 kg. The proximate composition of the two commercial feeds used were (protein/lipid/nitrogen-free extracts (P/L/NFE P505/L118/NFE294 g kg−1 (group I and P471/L141/NFE290 g kg−1 (group II. Neither diet nor sex had a significant impact on final fish body weight (≈ 2.0 kg. Sex was noted to significantly impact glucose content (Glu – higher in males and cholesterol (Chol – higher in females in the blood plasma. Diet was confirmed to have a significant impact on levels of hematocrit (Ht, hemoglobin (Hb, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH, and the values of these indicators were higher in group I. Sex had a significant impact on Ht, Hb, MCH, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC, with higher values in male pikeperch. Diet and sex had significant impacts on the values of the pikeperch hepatosomatic index (HSI, hepatocyte size and that of their nuclei, and the values of the nucleocytoplasmic index (NCI.

  1. Effect of Carbonated Beverage Intake on Blood Gases and Some Biochemical Parameters in Male Albino Rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of carbonated beverage (colourless or black coloured drinks) on arterial blood gases, kidney function, bone mineral density (BMD), glucose and insulin. The rats were divided into three groups; ten rats per each group. Group (I) used as control, group (II) rats supplemented with colourless carbonated beverage (10 ml /100 ml water) and group (III) rats supplemented with black coloured carbonated beverage (10 ml /100 ml water) for three months. The arterial blood gases were evaluated by measuring ph PO2, , PCO2, , H+ a nd HCO3-. Rats receiving the coloured drinks showed high significant increase in ph while PO2 showed very high significant decrease in both groups. PCO2 showed high significant decrease in groups (II) and (III) while H+ showed high significant decrease in group (III) only. HCO3- showed high significant increase in group III. All these changes were related to carbonic acid dissolved in water and the increased ph lead to alkalinity of the blood and it is inversely proportional to the number of hydrogen ions (H+). Non-significant changes were observed in sodium ions while potassium ions showed significant increase in group (II) and high significant increase in group (III). The level of urea showed high and very high significant increase in groups (II) and (III), respectively. Creatinine level showed non-significant increase in group (III). The histopathology changes were observed in kidney tissues in rats of groups (II) and (III). From these results, it appears that black coloured beverage can increase the risk of kidney problems more than colourless beverages. Ca+ and inorganic phosphorous levels showed non- significant change except Ca ions showed a significant decrease in rats of group (III). The acidity of carbonated beverage leads to weak bones by promoting the loss of calcium. The decrease of bone mineral density was more pronounced in some parts of femur of rats receiving black colour carbonated

  2. Correlation between Body Condition Score, Blood Biochemical Metabolites, Milk Yield and Quality in Algerian Montbéliarde Cattle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charef-Eddine Mouffok1,2,*, Toufik Madani1,2, Lounis Semara1, Nadhira Ayache1 and Amina Rahal1

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate the correlation between body condition score (BCS, blood biochemical metabolites, milk yield (MY and quality (Mfat in Montbéliarde cattle (31 cows reared in 5 farms of Algerian semi arid area. The BCS was measured in dry and peak of lactation (6 weeks after calving. Blood samples were taken at the time of body condition (BC measurement for determination of energy (Glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides and B-Hydroxybutyrate, nitrogen (urea and albumin and mineral (calcium metabolites. Milk yield was recorded in the 6th week of lactation (peak. A sample of milk for each cow was used to determinate milk fat, density and acidity. The results showed a significant decrease in postpartum BCS accompanied by an increase in cholesterol and B-Hydroxybutyrate (BHB concentration. The correlation analysis showed that BHB concentration in pre calving was negatively correlated with BCS (r=-0.321; P<0.05 and cholesterol (r=-0.308; P<0.05. In postpartum, BCS was negatively correlated with cholesterol (r=-0.416; P<0.05, urea (r=-0.366; P<0.05 and BHB (r=-0.487; P<0.05. However, the level of milk production decreased significantly with high glucose (r=-0.449; P<0.05 and BHB (r=-0.514; P<0.05. The fat content increased significantly with blood triglycerides (r=0.681; P<0.05 and BHB (r=0.522; P<0.05 concentration, indicating a high mobilization of body reserves used for the synthesis of milk fat. In conclusion, it can be assumed that the rate of BHB seems to be the best indicator of the nutritional status of dairy cows that determines their production level and quality.

  3. Biochemical adaptations in middle-distance runners: an assessment of blood and anthropometric parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danila Di Majo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to understand the mechanism underlying the physiological adaptation of purely aerobic workout, we investigated the effect of 2 months of training on nine males (17-22 year-old middle distance running agonistic athletes. Blood sample was collected in the morning to analyze: hematological parameters, lipid profile, liver function enzymes [glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, glutamate pyruvate transaminase, gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT] and skeletal and myocardial markers of muscle damage [creatin kinase (CK and creatin kinase MB (CK-MB]. Endurance training, as it implies high oxygen consumption, should increase reactive oxygen species, but it has been shown that exercise leads to increased activation of antioxidant defenses. In fact, serum levels of γ-GT enzyme and total CK were not increased. On the other hand, a statistical significant reduction of CKMB has been observed. There were not variations in hematological parameters. As far as the anthropometric value is concerned, after two months of training there was a change in weight (P<0.0001. Finally, any oxidative and biological stress was highlighted in the middle distance runners but, since this is a preliminary study, it would be of interest to replicate the study on a larger sample.

  4. THE VALUES OF SELECTED BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN THE BLOOD SERUM OF PIGLETS AFTER USE OF PHYTOADDITIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janka Kotosová

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In our work, we focused on monitoring the enzymatic activities of LDH, AST, ALT and GLU in the blood serum of pigs (piglets from the age of 21 days old to 42 days old. Subscriptions were made once each week in the morning on an empty stomach, from the eye veny (vena ophtalmica. All experimental animals were fed with compound feed COS1, COS2, without any feed additives. Piglets were divided into two groups. The first group was the control group (n = 7 piglets and the second was the experimental group (n = 7 piglets, which was given sage (Salvia officinalis L. and oregano (Origanum vulgare L. in the form of essential oils in concentrations of 0.05%. The average results of observed enzymatic activities of the 21 day old piglets were as follows: control group of piglets: LDH – 10,3 µkat/l, AST – 0,84 µkat/l a ALT – 1,75 µkat/l a GLU -5,33mmol/l and in the experimental group the results of observed enzymatic activities were : LDH – 9,09 µkat/l, AST – 0,71 µkat/l , ALT – 0,96 µkat/l a GLU – 5,97mmol/l. The sampling was repeated when the piglets reached 42 days old and in both groups we found out that the results of enzymatic activities in LDH and AST were higher and in ALT and GLU they were lower.

  5. Significant Biochemical, Biophysical and Metabolic Diversity in Circulating Human Cord Blood Reticulocytes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malleret, Benoît; Xu, Fenggao; Mohandas, Narla; Suwanarusk, Rossarin; Chu, Cindy; Leite, Juliana A.; Low, Kayen; Turner, Claudia; Sriprawat, Kanlaya; Zhang, Rou; Bertrand, Olivier; Colin, Yves; Costa, Fabio T. M.; Ong, Choon Nam; Ng, Mah Lee; Lim, Chwee Teck; Nosten, Francois; Rénia, Laurent; Russell, Bruce

    2013-01-01

    Background The transition from enucleated reticulocytes to mature normocytes is marked by substantial remodeling of the erythrocytic cytoplasm and membrane. Despite conspicuous changes, most studies describe the maturing reticulocyte as a homogenous erythropoietic cell type. While reticulocyte staging based on fluorescent RNA stains such as thiazole orange have been useful in a clinical setting; these ‘sub-vital’ stains may confound delicate studies on reticulocyte biology and may preclude their use in heamoparasite invasion studies. Design and Methods Here we use highly purified populations of reticulocytes isolated from cord blood, sorted by flow cytometry into four sequential subpopulations based on transferrin receptor (CD71) expression: CD71high, CD71medium, CD71low and CD71negative. Each of these subgroups was phenotyped in terms of their, morphology, membrane antigens, biomechanical properties and metabolomic profile. Results Superficially CD71high and CD71medium reticulocytes share a similar gross morphology (large and multilobular) when compared to the smaller, smooth and increasingly concave reticulocytes as seen in the in the CD71low and CD71negativesamples. However, between each of the four sample sets we observe significant decreases in shear modulus, cytoadhesive capacity, erythroid receptor expression (CD44, CD55, CD147, CD235R, and CD242) and metabolite concentrations. Interestingly increasing amounts of boric acid was found in the mature reticulocytes. Conclusions Reticulocyte maturation is a dynamic and continuous process, confounding efforts to rigidly classify them. Certainly this study does not offer an alternative classification strategy; instead we used a nondestructive sampling method to examine key phenotypic changes of in reticulocytes. Our study emphasizes a need to focus greater attention on reticulocyte biology. PMID:24116088

  6. Baseline Systolic Blood Pressure Response to Exercise Stress Test Can Predict Exercise Indices following Cardiac Rehabilitation Program

    OpenAIRE

    Akram Sardari; Mostafa Nejatian; Mehrdad Sheikhvatan

    2010-01-01

    Background: Systolic blood pressure recovery (rSBP) is of prognostic value for predicting the survival and co-morbidity rate in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This study investigated the association between rSBP and exercise indices after complete cardiac rehabilitation program (CR) in a population-based sample of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods: The sample population consisted of 352 patients who underwent pure CABG. The patients underwent sta...

  7. Establishing baseline levels of trace elements in blood and skin of bottlenose dolphins in Sarasota Bay, Florida: implications for non-invasive monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Colleen E; Christopher, Steven J; Balmer, Brian C; Wells, Randall S

    2007-12-15

    Several major unusual mortality events occurring in recent years have increased the level of concern for the health of bottlenose dolphin populations along the United States Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts. Trace element concentrations were examined in a population of free-ranging dolphins in Sarasota Bay, Florida, in order to develop a benchmark for future comparisons within and between populations. Whole blood (n=51) and skin (n=40) samples were collected through capture and release health assessment events during 2002-2004. Samples were analyzed for Al, V, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Rb, Sr, Mo, Cd, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) and Hg via atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS). Trace element concentrations (wet mass) in skin were 2 to 45 times greater than blood, except Cu was approximately 1.5 times higher in blood. Statistically strong correlations (pdolphins had significantly greater Hg concentrations in blood and skin and Pb concentrations in skin, relative to males. Calves exhibited significantly lower V, As, and Hg concentrations in blood and V and Hg concentrations in skin, relative to other age classes. Rubidium and Cu concentrations in skin were greatest in subadults and calves, respectively. In blood, V, Zn, and As concentrations were significantly greater in winter, relative to summer, and the opposite trend was observed for Rb and Sr concentrations. In skin, Cu and Zn concentrations were significantly greater in winter, relative to summer, and the opposite trend was observed for Mn, Rb, Cd, and Pb concentrations. The baseline concentrations and trends established in this study will serve as a benchmark for comparison and aid in sampling design for future monitoring of this population and other coastal bottlenose dolphin populations. PMID:17870146

  8. 浅析血液生化检测各阶段质控对策%Analysis of the various stages of quality control blood biochemical detection countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王光让; 李婷; 刘宁

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of the various stages of quality control sample pass rate of biochemical tests of blood. Methods Patients in February 2013 -2014 February 422 routine blood biochemical examination of the hospital for the study. order by patients admitted to hospital will be divided into a control group (n = 211) and experimental group (n = 211). The control group received routine blood chemistry testing. Experimental group at all stages of biochemical strict quality control testing. Compare two samples of blood biochemical test pass rate case. Results The control group of blood samples biochemical detection rate of 84.36% passing (178/211), the experimental group 98.58% (208/211), blood biochemistry experimental group was significantly higher pass rate specimens (P <0.01). Conclusion The various stages of quality control can significantly improve the pass rate of clinical specimens of blood biochemical tests provide a reliable basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.%目的:探讨各阶段质控对血液生化检测标本合格率的影响。方法选取我院2013年2月至2013年8月422例行血生化检查的患者作为研究对象。按患者入院顺序,将其分为对照组(n=211)和实验组(n=211)。对照组接受常规血生化检测。实验组对血生化检测的各个阶段进行严格质控。对比两组血生化检测标本合格率情况。结果对照组血生化检测标本合格率84.36%(178/211),实验组98.58%(208/211),实验组血生化检测标本合格率显著高于对照组(P<0.01)。结论各阶段质控可显著提高临床血生化检测标本的合格率,为临床诊断及治疗提供可靠依据。

  9. Changes In Cortisol And Some Biochemical Parameters In Blood Of Egyptian Buffalo Calves Exposed To Two Successive Summer Seasons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ten male buffalo calves were used in the present study. The animals were housed in semi-open barn. Ration was composed of concentrate mixture and wheat straw according to NRC (1985). Animals were allowed to drink fresh water ad libitum. Plasma cortisol, total protein, albumin, globulin, urea, creatinine, GPT and GOT were determined at the end of thermoneutral and summer heat stress exposure periods. Rectal temperature and respiration rate were recorded daily during both periods whereas body weight was recorded weakly during each period. Summer heat stress induced significant increases in rectal temperature, respiration rate, plasma cortisol, albumin/globulin ratio, plasma urea-N, creatinine, GPT and GOT while total protein, albumin, globulin did not affect by summer heat stress. Body weight was decreased under heat stress in both summer seasons but increased with age. In conclusion, summer heat stress induced alterations in some physiological and biochemical parameters of blood and body weight of male buffalo calves, and the young calves were less tolerant to summer heat stress than the older calves.

  10. Establishing baseline levels of trace elements in blood and skin of bottlenose dolphins in Sarasota Bay, Florida: Implications for non-invasive monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bryan, Colleen E. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Hollings Marine Laboratory, 331 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, South Carolina 29412 (United States); College of Charleston, Grice Marine Laboratory, 205 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, South Carolina 29412 (United States)], E-mail: colleen.bryan@nist.gov; Christopher, Steven J. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Hollings Marine Laboratory, 331 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, South Carolina 29412 (United States); Balmer, Brian C.; Wells, Randall S. [Chicago Zoological Society c/o Mote Marine Laboratory, 1600 Ken Thompson Parkway, Sarasota, Florida 34236 (United States)

    2007-12-15

    Several major unusual mortality events occurring in recent years have increased the level of concern for the health of bottlenose dolphin populations along the United States Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts. Trace element concentrations were examined in a population of free-ranging dolphins in Sarasota Bay, Florida, in order to develop a benchmark for future comparisons within and between populations. Whole blood (n = 51) and skin (n = 40) samples were collected through capture and release health assessment events during 2002-2004. Samples were analyzed for Al, V, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Rb, Sr, Mo, Cd, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) and Hg via atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS). Trace element concentrations (wet mass) in skin were 2 to 45 times greater than blood, except Cu was approximately 1.5 times higher in blood. Statistically strong correlations (p < 0.05) were found for V, As, Se, Rb, Sr, and Hg between blood and skin demonstrating that these tissues can be used as effective non-lethal monitoring tools. The strongest correlation was established for Hg (r = 0.9689) and concentrations in both blood and skin were above the threshold at which detrimental effects are observed in other vertebrate species. Female dolphins had significantly greater Hg concentrations in blood and skin and Pb concentrations in skin, relative to males. Calves exhibited significantly lower V, As, and Hg concentrations in blood and V and Hg concentrations in skin, relative to other age classes. Rubidium and Cu concentrations in skin were greatest in subadults and calves, respectively. In blood, V, Zn, and As concentrations were significantly greater in winter, relative to summer, and the opposite trend was observed for Rb and Sr concentrations. In skin, Cu and Zn concentrations were significantly greater in winter, relative to summer, and the opposite trend was observed for Mn, Rb, Cd, and Pb concentrations. The baseline concentrations and trends

  11. Establishing baseline levels of trace elements in blood and skin of bottlenose dolphins in Sarasota Bay, Florida: Implications for non-invasive monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several major unusual mortality events occurring in recent years have increased the level of concern for the health of bottlenose dolphin populations along the United States Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts. Trace element concentrations were examined in a population of free-ranging dolphins in Sarasota Bay, Florida, in order to develop a benchmark for future comparisons within and between populations. Whole blood (n = 51) and skin (n = 40) samples were collected through capture and release health assessment events during 2002-2004. Samples were analyzed for Al, V, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Rb, Sr, Mo, Cd, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) and Hg via atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS). Trace element concentrations (wet mass) in skin were 2 to 45 times greater than blood, except Cu was approximately 1.5 times higher in blood. Statistically strong correlations (p < 0.05) were found for V, As, Se, Rb, Sr, and Hg between blood and skin demonstrating that these tissues can be used as effective non-lethal monitoring tools. The strongest correlation was established for Hg (r = 0.9689) and concentrations in both blood and skin were above the threshold at which detrimental effects are observed in other vertebrate species. Female dolphins had significantly greater Hg concentrations in blood and skin and Pb concentrations in skin, relative to males. Calves exhibited significantly lower V, As, and Hg concentrations in blood and V and Hg concentrations in skin, relative to other age classes. Rubidium and Cu concentrations in skin were greatest in subadults and calves, respectively. In blood, V, Zn, and As concentrations were significantly greater in winter, relative to summer, and the opposite trend was observed for Rb and Sr concentrations. In skin, Cu and Zn concentrations were significantly greater in winter, relative to summer, and the opposite trend was observed for Mn, Rb, Cd, and Pb concentrations. The baseline concentrations and trends

  12. The Effect of Bioceramic Composite Extracellular Matrixes Used to Repair Bone Deficiency on Relevant Blood Biochemical Indices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    At the base of experimental animal model construction of bone defect in New Zealand rabbit, the promoting repair effect of bioactive ceramics on bone defect as well as its machanism was studied through testing body mineral elements, enzymes related to bone morphogenetic proteins and some biochemical indexes. Refering to some documents, materials of TCP, CHA and HA were combined and TCP/BMP/ TCP-β1 and CHA/BMP/ TCP-β1, HA/BMP/ TCP-β1 composite materials were made. All kinds of them were implanted into the radial defect site of rabbit, respectively. The chosen blood indexes (Ca, P, ALP, GGT, AST, ALT, TPA, BUN and Cr) were tested by colorimetry, speed rate and bromocresol green testing methods. No abnormal effects were found in any animal after operation. Serum concentrations of Ca, P and ALP were increased with the length of time in all groups of the three kinds of composite material, mixed material and pure materials. The increases in composite material groups were more significant ( P <0.05). Comparison of the three kinds of material showed TCP > CHA > HA. There was a tendency of increased TPA and decreased BUN with the length of time. There was no significant difference between the composite material groups and pure material group (P >0.05). The three kinds of bioactive ceramics composed of extracellular matrix could increase the serum concentrations of Ca and P and activity of ALP after being implanted into defect bone and showed some repairing capacity. This provided a new area of machanism study of bone defect repair by biomaterials.

  13. Hatch ability, growth and some blood biochemical parameters in hatching quails following the exposure of incubated eggs to red laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A total number of 600 Japanese quail eggs were used this study. The eggs were divided into three groups then incubated. Eggs of groups one (G1) and two (G2) were exposed to 30 and 60 minutes, respectively, to the red laser rays (Laser Pointer LD-300) at 0, 7 and 14 days of embryogenesis,while group three (G3) was not treated and served as control. Hatch ability body weight and mortality were recorded weekly for each group. Furthermore, five blood samples were collected from one day old chicks at hatching and at six weeks of age from each group to determine some hematological parameters including RBCs, WBCs, PCV and Hb. Liver enzyme activities (GPT and GOT), kidney function (uric acid and creatinine), cholesterol and total lipids were determined for the 6 weeks old chicks only. The present results indicated that exposure to red to significant increase in hatch ability percentage and promoted early hatch ability and decreased embryonic mortality in treated groups (G1) and (G2) than control (G3). Significant decreases in RBCs counts, cholesterol and total lipids were found in G1 and G2. Exposure of developing embryos to red laser radiation had no significant effect on PCV in one day old hatching chicks, or RBCs and WBCs counts, PCV, GOT, uric acid creatinine in six weeks old birds. At the same time, significant increases in Hb and WBCs counts were occurred in one day old chicks and Hb and GPT in six weeks old birds. It could be concluded from the reported findings that exposure to red laser radiation may affect some factors that accelerate hatch ability and cause changes in some biochemical parameters in Japanese quails

  14. Effect of breed of female local sheep on blood biochemical and sexual hormonal levels during mating, pregnancy and lactation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study was carried out to determine the effect of ewes breeds on some blood biochemical and hormones levels during mating, pregnancy and post.partum periods. A total number of 42 ewes, 1.5 . 3.5 years of age with body weight ranged between 45 to 55 kg from breeding flock in Research Farm of Nuclear Research Centre, Atomic Energy Authority were used in this study. Animals were divided into two groups according to their breed. The first group included 18 Ossimi breed ewes and the second group included 24 Rahmani breed ewes. Blood samples were collected from both breed at 10, 20, 30, 50, 100, 120, 140, and 145 days up to parturitions and at 30 and 60 days of post. partum. Serum total lipids and cholesterol, progesterone (P4) and estradiol . 17β (E2) were determined. It was found that Ossimi ewes had lower level of both sexual hormones than Rahmani once. Plasma progesterone and estradiol-17 β levels increased gradually as pregnancy time passed reaching its maximum level at the 140th day of the pregnancy period in Rahmani and Ossimi, then decreased during the last 5 days. Additionally, Rahmani ewes had relatively higher mean values of estradiol-17 β at 30th and 60th days compared with Ossime ewes. While, the least squares mean of progesterone decreased in Rahmani ewes compared with Ossime ewes at the same time of estimation. Ossimi ewes having higher means of total lipids (L) and cholesterol (C) than in Rahmani ewes while, the values of L/C ratio were found to be higher in Rahmani ewes than Ossimi ones. Total lipids level increased gradually from Farghaly et al., J. Rad. Res. Appl. Sci., Vol. 1318 4, No. 4(B) (2011) 10th days of pregnancy from 273.09 and 267.75mg/dI to 342.92 and 338.9 mg/dl in 145th days in Ossimi and Rahmani ewes, respectively. Similarly, the levels of cholesterol were 93.49 and 90.35 mg /dl in 10th days of pregnancy and 134.79 and 141.81 mg/dl in 145th days of pregnancy for Ossimi and Rahmani ewes, respectively. The same trend was found

  15. Investigation of the effect of tribulus terrestris extract on the main biochemical and haematological indices of the blood in guinea fowls (Numida meleagris)

    OpenAIRE

    Christo CHRISTEV; Nickolova, Martina; Dimo PENKOV; Rumiana IVANOVA; Desislava ABADJIEVA; GRIGOROVA, Svetlana

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the present research was to investigate the effect of Bulgarian additive Vemoherb-T (dry extract of the annual plant Tribulus terrestris – L), produced by Vemo 99 Ltd Company, Sofia on main biochemical characteristics and hematological parameters of the blood in guinea fowl (Numida meleagris). An experiment was carried out with 30 Pearl-gray Guinea fowl (32 weeks old), distributed in two groups – a control and an experimental, 12 female and 3 male each. All birds wer...

  16. Reduction of the interferences of biochemicals and hematocrit ratio on the determination of whole blood glucose using multiple screen-printed carbon electrode test strips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yueh-Hui; Shen, Thomas Y; Chang, C Allen

    2007-11-01

    A practical approach to reduce the interferences of biochemicals and hematocrit ratio (Hct%) in the determination of whole blood glucose using multiple screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) test strips is described. SPCE test strips with and without glucose oxidase [i.e., GOD(+)-SPCEs and GOD(-)-SPCEs] were used and the chronoamperometric currents of test glucose solutions with various spiked uric acid concentrations and Hct% were measured. By establishing the interference relationships between glucose concentrations and uric acid concentrations as well as Hct% values and with appropriate corrections, the whole blood glucose determinations could be made to be more accurate and comparable to those determined by the reference YSI method. Specifically, the use of the DeltaI value, i.e., the current difference between GOD(+)-SPCE and GOD(-)-SPCE measurements, would reduce most of the uric acid/biochemical interferences. An interpolation method was also established to correct for the glucose determinations with Hct% interferences. The Hct% corrections using the interpolation method are especially important and necessary for those blood samples with glucose concentrations higher than 110 mg dL(-1) and Hct% values lower than 35%. This approach should also be applicable to other biochemical determinations using similar electrochemical techniques. PMID:17912503

  17. Evaluation of hematological profile, biochemical and peripheral blood smear with a view to the health profile in primates of the Cebus genre maintained in captivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Baruc Cruvinel Lima

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Non-human primates serve as a model for studies on the dynamics of transmission routes and natural history of diseases shared between humans and animals. The captive environment is conducive the dissemination of zoonotic diseases. Many of these animals do not present clinical symptomatology, even when infected, which characterize them as an important source of infection for domestic animals and man. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sanity of non-human primates kept in captivity through hematological and biochemical analysis as well as peripheral blood smear, aiming to investigate the presence of zoonotic pathogens, serving as a model for future studies on the dynamics of routes of transmission of diseases shared between humans and animals. Were collected samples of blood from 15 nail monkeys (Cebus sp., adults, clinically healthy and belonging to Park Zoobotanic of Teresina. Were stained smear sanguine blades and obtained the haematological and biochemical profiles of each animal. The data analysis was based on basic statistics. Did not observed any haemoparasite present in peripheral blood. All animals were anemic, 46,7% thrombopenics and 87% of the animals showed some type of pathological process of chronic evolution, due to the high rate of monocytes found. All animals showed high rates of alkaline phosphatase, and transaminases AST and ALT, indicating injury of the hepatic parenchyma. New studies should be conducted to better elucidate of results, seeing that biochemical physiological data primate of the genus Cebus are scarce in literature.

  18. Blood glucose meter with biochemical analyzer blood glucose than on analysis%血糖仪与生化分析仪测定血糖的比对分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦亚军; 张保龙; 杨笑琼

    2013-01-01

      目的:探讨血糖仪与生化分析仪测定血糖的比对情况,为合理选择血糖检测方法提供参考。方法:选择2009年2月~2012年8月在我院门诊住院患者糖尿病人员共120例,上肢肘静脉和手指末端分别采血进行生化分析仪与血糖仪检测。结果:经过检测,生化分析仪检测的血糖值为(6.30±0.22)mmol/L,血糖仪检测的血糖值为(6.25±1.89)mmol/L,两种方法检测值对比无明显差异(P>0.05)。但是血糖仪检测的重复性不强,导致s值比较大。结论:血糖仪在糖尿病患者的血糖监测中有很大的局限性,在临床中要将血糖仪的监测和医院血糖检测结合使用,才能达到良好的血糖控制目的。%Objective:To investigate the blood glucose meter and biochemical analyzer than on blood sugar, and provide a reference for the reasonable choice of blood glucose testing method. Methods:From February 2009 to August 2012, a total of 120 cases of staff in our hospital hospitalized patients with diabetes, venous and finger blood samples were collected at the end of the upper limb elbow biochemical analyzer and blood glucose meter testing. Results:After testing, the the biochemical analyzer blood sugar value of (6.30± 0.22)mmol/L, blood glucose meter testing blood sugar value of (6.25±1.89)mmol/L, two methods for detecting the value of contrast was no significant difference(P>0.05). However, the reproducibility of the blood glucose meter detecting is not strong, resulting in the value of s is relatively large. Conclusion: The blood glucose meter glucose monitoring in diabetes has many limitations, combined To glucometer monitoring and hospital blood glucose testing in clinical use, in order to achieve good glycemic control purposes.

  19. The effects of blood pressure reduction and of different blood pressure-lowering regimens on major cardiovascular events according to baseline blood pressure : meta-analysis of randomized trials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Czernichow, Sebastien; Zanchetti, Alberto; Turnbull, Fiona; Barzi, Federica; Ninomiya, Toshiaru; Kengne, Andre-Pascal; Lambers Heerspink, Hiddo J.; Perkovic, Vlado; Huxley, Rachel; Arima, Hisatomi; Patel, Anushka; Chalmers, John; Woodward, Mark; MacMahon, Stephen; Neal, Bruce

    2011-01-01

    Background The benefits of reducing blood pressure are well established, but there remains uncertainty about whether the magnitude of the effect varies with the initial blood pressure level. The objective was to compare the risk reductions achieved by different blood pressure-lowering regimens among

  20. Baseline rationing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave

    The standard problem of adjudicating conflicting claims describes a situation in which a given amount of a divisible good has to be allocated among agents who hold claims against it exceeding the available amount. This paper considers more general rationing problems in which, in addition to claims......, there exist baselines (to be interpreted as objective entitlements, ideal targets, or past consumption) that might play an important role in the allocation process. The model we present is able to accommodate real-life rationing situations, ranging from resource allocation in the public health care sector...... to international protocols for the reduction of greenhouse emissions, or water distribution in drought periods. We define a family of allocation methods for such general rationing problems - called baseline rationing rules - and provide an axiomatic characterization for it. Any baseline rationing rule within...

  1. The dynamics of biochemical parameters in blood of clinically healthy holstein cows from day 5 before to day 60 after calving

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Celeska

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The peripartal period in Holstein dairy cows is critical, due to the transition from pregnancy to lactation. We have studied the dynamics of biochemical parameters from day 5 before to day 60 after calving. The study included 10 multiparous Holstein cows, examined at days -5, 5, 10, 30 and 60 relative to calving. Blood samples were taken from vena jugularis. Analyzed biochemical parameters were glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, total bilirubin, albumin, total protein, urea, NEFA and BHBA. Milk production and body condition score were also estimated. Obtained results showed that cows were exposed to mild to marked metabolic distress. Energy status was changed due to increased values of NEFA and BHBA and decreased value of glucose after calving. Protein concentrations were increased at day 10 after calving, despite the decrease of the level of albumin. Urea concentrations before and after calving were within physiological range indicating an optimal protein diet. Increased values of total bilirubin at day 5 after calving indicated liver increased activity. Lipid status presented by triglycerides and total cholesterol revealed no differences in blood concentrations. Milk production was highest at day 30 after calving. BCS were highest in dry cows, thereafter they declined and recovered at day 60 after calving. In conclusion, biochemical parameters can be used as relevant indicators of metabolic distress in cows around calving with milk and BCS recording as aside parameters. Changes in some biochemical parameters indicate liver increased activity and metabolic stress, that could lead to decreased milk production, impaired reproductive performance and, finally, to illness.

  2. Detection of Babesia bovis in blood samples and its effect on the hematological and serum biochemical profile in large ruminants from Southern Punjab

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Samreen Zulfiqar; Ali Saeed; Furhan Iqbal; Sadia Shahnawaz; Muhammad Ali; Arif Mahmood Bhutta; Shahid Iqbal; Sikandar Hayat; Shazia Qadir; Muhammad Latif; Nazia Kiran

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To determine the presence of Babesia bovis (B. bovis) in large ruminants in southern Punjab and its effect on hematological and serum biochemical profile of host animals. Methods:Blood samples were collected from 144 large ruminants, including 105 cattle and 39 buffaloes, from six districts in southern Punjab including Multan, Layyah, Muzaffar Garh, Bhakar, Bahawalnagar and Vehari. Data on the characteristics of animals and herds were collected through questionnaires. Different blood (hemoglobin, glucose) and serum (ALT, AST, LDH, cholesterol) parameters of calves and cattle were measured and compared between parasite positive and negative samples to demonstrate the effect of B. bovis on the blood and serological profile of infected animals. Results:27 out of 144 animals, from 5 out of 6 sampling districts, produced the 541-bp fragment specific for B. bovis. Age of animals (P=0.02), presence of ticks on animals (P=0.04) and presence of ticks on dogs associated with herds (P=0.5) were among the major risk factors involved in the spread of bovine babesiosis in the study area. ALT concentrations were the only serum biochemical values that significantly varied between parasite positive and negative cattle. Conclusions:This study has reported for the first time the presence of B. bovis in large ruminant and the results can lead to the prevention of babesiosis in the region to increase the livestock output.

  3. Effects of dietary chromium picolinate and peppermint essential oil on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of broiler chicks reared under heat stress conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbari, Mohsen; Torki, Mehran

    2014-08-01

    A study was conducted using 240 female day-old broiler chicks to evaluate the effects of dietary chromium picolinate (CrPic), peppermint essential oil (P.mint), or their combination on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of female broiler chicks raised under heat stress conditions (HS, 23.9 to 38 °C cycling). Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were obtained from 1 to 42 days of age. Furthermore, at the end of the experiment (day 42), birds were bled to determine some blood biochemical parameters and weighed for final body weight (BW). ADFI, ADG, and BW were not influenced significantly by dietary CrPic and P.mint ( P > 0.05). A significant interaction between dietary CrPic and P.mint on FCR ( P = 0.012) was detected. FCR significantly decreased in chicks fed the diet including both CrPic and P.mint compared with the CrPic group. Significant interaction between dietary P.mint and CrPic on serum concentrations of triglycerides, glucose, and albumin were observed ( P 0.05). The serum concentrations of glucose, triglycerides were decreased ( P birds fed the CrPic-included diet compared with the control group ( P < 0.05). From the results of the present experiment it can be concluded that dietary supplementation with combined P.mint and CrPic could have beneficial effects on some blood biochemical parameters of female chicks reared under heat stress conditions.

  4. Effects of dietary chromium picolinate and peppermint essential oil on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of broiler chicks reared under heat stress conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbari, Mohsen; Torki, Mehran

    2014-08-01

    A study was conducted using 240 female day-old broiler chicks to evaluate the effects of dietary chromium picolinate (CrPic), peppermint essential oil (P.mint), or their combination on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of female broiler chicks raised under heat stress conditions (HS, 23.9 to 38 °C cycling). Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were obtained from 1 to 42 days of age. Furthermore, at the end of the experiment (day 42), birds were bled to determine some blood biochemical parameters and weighed for final body weight (BW). ADFI, ADG, and BW were not influenced significantly by dietary CrPic and P.mint ( P > 0.05). A significant interaction between dietary CrPic and P.mint on FCR ( P = 0.012) was detected. FCR significantly decreased in chicks fed the diet including both CrPic and P.mint compared with the CrPic group. Significant interaction between dietary P.mint and CrPic on serum concentrations of triglycerides, glucose, and albumin were observed ( P 0.05). The serum concentrations of glucose, triglycerides were decreased ( P diet including both CrPic and P.mint. Plasma chromium (Cr) content increased significantly ( P diet compared with the control group ( P < 0.05). From the results of the present experiment it can be concluded that dietary supplementation with combined P.mint and CrPic could have beneficial effects on some blood biochemical parameters of female chicks reared under heat stress conditions.

  5. Investigation of the effect of tribulus terrestris extract on the main biochemical and haematological indices of the blood in guinea fowls (Numida meleagris)

    OpenAIRE

    Christo CHRISTEV; Martina Nickolova; Dimo PENKOV; Rumiana IVANOVA; Desislava ABADJIEVA; SVETLANA GRIGOROVA

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the present research was to investigate the effect of Bulgarian additive Vemoherb-T (dry extract of the annual plant Tribulus terrestris – L), produced by Vemo 99 Ltd Company, Sofia on main biochemical characteristics and hematological parameters of the blood in guinea fowl (Numida meleagris). An experiment was carried out with 30 Pearl-gray Guinea fowl (32 weeks old), distributed in two groups – a control and an experimental, 12 female and 3 male each. All birds were fed the same ...

  6. Evaluation of changes in blood hematological and biochemical parameters in response to Islamic fasting and regular physical activity in male and female subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyyed Reza Attarzadeh Hosseini

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fasting during Ramadan is a religious obligation for healthy adult Muslims. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Ramadan fasting and physical activity on blood hematological and biochemical parameters in male and female subjects. Methods: In this study, 50 healthy subjects were randomly assigned to four groups: male control fasting (MCF group (n=13, male training fasting (MTF group (n=13, female control fasting (FCF group (n=12, and female training fasting (FTF group (n=12, and were compared in two stages (before and after the intervention. For inter- and intra-group comparisons, a repeated measure ANOVA was applied. Results: The results showed a significant decline in body weight, body mass index, body fat percentage, and waist-to-hip ratio after Ramadan fasting, compared to the pre-Ramadan period. Also, significant changes were observed in red blood cell count and hematocrit level (P

  7. Detection of Blood Parameters and Blood Biochemical Parameters in Germ-free Rats%无菌大鼠血液学及血液生化指标正常参考值的测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仉慧敏; 孙淑华; 胡晓燕; 王艳蓉; 孟金萍; 刘云波

    2011-01-01

    目的 人工培育Wistar无菌大鼠,观测Fl和F2代无菌大鼠血液学及血液生化指标差异.方法 对清洁级Wistar大鼠进行子宫摘除,隔离器内剥离子宫壁获得大鼠胎仔,人工哺育为无菌大鼠.待其繁殖后,采用全自动血液生化分析仪、全血细胞计数仪测定F1和F2代无菌大鼠的血液学及血液生化指标.结果 不同代数无菌大鼠的血液学和血液生化指标存在显著差异,其中有差异的血液学指标包括RBC、HGB、HCT、MCV、MCHC、RDW、MPV、NE%、LYM%、EO%、BA%、NE#、LYM#、EO#、BA#(P<0.05);有差异的血液生化指标包括ALT、ALB、LDH、CHO、TBIL、HDL-C、LDL-C、GLO、GLU、ALP、A/G、UA、P(P<0.05).同时这些差异又因性别和年龄而不同.结论 代数、性别、年龄对无菌大鼠的血液学及血液生化指标有较大影响.%Objective To determine and compare the blood parameters and blood biochemical parameters in F1 and F2 germ-free rats. Methods Germ-free rats were obtained by uterectomy, and the offspring were fed with artificial milk by hand in the germfree isolator. The blood parameters and blood biochemical parameters were detected by automatic hematology analyzers. Results The germ-free rats showed significant differences in the values of RBC, HGB, HCT, MCV,MCHC, RDW, MPV, NE%, LYM%, EO%, BA%, NE#, LYM #, EO#, BA # ( P < 0.05 ) and ALT, ALB, LDH, CHO, TBIL,H DL-C, LDL-C,GLO,GLU,ALP,A/G, UA,P(P < 0.05 ). There are different blood values in different gender and age.Conclusion The gender and age may affect the blood parameters and blood biochemical parameters.

  8. Effect Of Dried Whey Milk Supplement On Some Blood Biochemical And Immunological Indices In Relation To Growth Performance Of Heat Stressed Bovine baladi Calves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This experiment was carried out under hot environmental conditions, where temperature-humidity index was equivalent to 86 - 90 and 78 - 80 during day and night, respectively. Twelve bovine Baladi calves of 8 - 10 months old and 112 kg average initial live body weight were used in this study. The calves were divided into two groups of 6 animals each to study the effect of supplementation of dried whey milk on some blood biochemical and immunological indices and growth performance of calves under hot weather conditions of Egypt. The results showed that supplementation of dried whey milk to the diet of heat-stressed calves at the level of 150 g / calf / day reduced significantly each of respiration rate and rectal temperature as well as serum lipid concentrations and their fractions e.g. total cholesterol and phospholipids. Also, dried whey milk supplement caused a significant decline in both AST and ALT activities and reduced significantly alpha globulin concentration, while non-significant changes were observed in each of beta globulin, gamma globulin and immunoglobulin G. However, supplementing dried whey milk to growing calves increased significantly serum concentrations of total protein, albumin, calcium, phosphorous, T3 and T4 . Moreover, dried whey milk improved significantly both feed efficiency and daily gain of growing calves. It could be concluded that addition of dried whey milk to the diet reduced rectal temperature and respiration rate and induced an improvement in most blood biochemical parameters and growth performance of heat-stressed bovine Baladi calves.

  9. Effect of ensiled mulberry leaves and sun-dried mulberry fruit pomace on finishing steer growth performance, blood biochemical parameters, and carcass characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhenming; Zhou, Bo; Ren, Liping; Meng, Qingxiang

    2014-01-01

    Fifty-one Simmental crossbred steers (357.0 ± 16.5 kg) were used to compare a standard total mix ration (TMR) with variants on animal performance, ruminal fermentation, blood biochemical parameters, and carcass characteristics. Corn grain and cotton seed meal were partially replaced by ensiled mulberry leaves (EML) or sun-dried mulberry fruit pomace (SMFP). Experimental diets had similar amounts of crude protein (CP), acid detergent fiber (ADF), and metabolizable energy (ME). Animals were divided into three groups: control group (CONT), 8% EML group, and 6.3% SMFP group. Performance, including average daily weight gain (ADG), and dry matter intake (DMI), was measured. Blood and rumen samples were collected at the end of the experiment (16 weeks). There were no differences in final body weight (P = 0.743), ADG (P = 0.425), DMI (P = 0.642), or ADG/DMI (P = 0.236) between the groups. There were no differences (P = 0.2024) in rumen pH values; ammonia N was lower (P = 0.0076) in SMFP than in the EML and CONT groups. There were differences in the concentrations of total and individual volatile fatty acids, while no differences were determined in blood biochemical parameters (i.e., plasma glucose, urea concentrations, triglycerides, total protein, insulin, IgG, alanine transaminase, and aspartate aminotransferase, P ≥ 0.098). No differences were observed in carcass characteristics (P ≥ 0.513), tenderness (P = 0.844), adipose and lean color values (P ≥ 0.149), and chemical composition (P ≥ 0.400); however, intramuscular fat was lower in the EML and SMFP groups compared to the CONT animals (P = 0.034). In conclusion, diets supplemented with these two mulberry products in an isocaloric and isonitrogenous manner have similar effects to corn grain and cotton seed meals on steer performance, blood biochemical parameters and carcass characteristics, with the exception of ruminal VFA concentrations and lower intramuscular fat content. PMID:24427304

  10. Effect of ensiled mulberry leaves and sun-dried mulberry fruit pomace on finishing steer growth performance, blood biochemical parameters, and carcass characteristics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenming Zhou

    Full Text Available Fifty-one Simmental crossbred steers (357.0 ± 16.5 kg were used to compare a standard total mix ration (TMR with variants on animal performance, ruminal fermentation, blood biochemical parameters, and carcass characteristics. Corn grain and cotton seed meal were partially replaced by ensiled mulberry leaves (EML or sun-dried mulberry fruit pomace (SMFP. Experimental diets had similar amounts of crude protein (CP, acid detergent fiber (ADF, and metabolizable energy (ME. Animals were divided into three groups: control group (CONT, 8% EML group, and 6.3% SMFP group. Performance, including average daily weight gain (ADG, and dry matter intake (DMI, was measured. Blood and rumen samples were collected at the end of the experiment (16 weeks. There were no differences in final body weight (P = 0.743, ADG (P = 0.425, DMI (P = 0.642, or ADG/DMI (P = 0.236 between the groups. There were no differences (P = 0.2024 in rumen pH values; ammonia N was lower (P = 0.0076 in SMFP than in the EML and CONT groups. There were differences in the concentrations of total and individual volatile fatty acids, while no differences were determined in blood biochemical parameters (i.e., plasma glucose, urea concentrations, triglycerides, total protein, insulin, IgG, alanine transaminase, and aspartate aminotransferase, P ≥ 0.098. No differences were observed in carcass characteristics (P ≥ 0.513, tenderness (P = 0.844, adipose and lean color values (P ≥ 0.149, and chemical composition (P ≥ 0.400; however, intramuscular fat was lower in the EML and SMFP groups compared to the CONT animals (P = 0.034. In conclusion, diets supplemented with these two mulberry products in an isocaloric and isonitrogenous manner have similar effects to corn grain and cotton seed meals on steer performance, blood biochemical parameters and carcass characteristics, with the exception of ruminal VFA concentrations and lower intramuscular fat content.

  11. The Effect of Long-term Grazing Sheep in the Cotton Stubble on the Blood Biochemicals and Free Gossypol Residues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    R.Halida; Y.Aibibula

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of long-term grazing sheep in cotton stubble on variation of biochemistry components and free gossypol residual in the blood. The survey found that 15% ewe of grazing group suffered miscarriage or premature birth,compared with the captive group ewes without this phenomenon. Blood test result shows that the free gossypol concentration in serum of grazing group was significantly higher than in indoor captive feeding group( P < 0. 01). In order to ensure the health of sheep grazing on cotton stubble and improve breeding rate,there is a need to do further reasonable research of grazing and feeding methods.

  12. Investigation of the effect of tribulus terrestris extract on the main biochemical and haematological indices of the blood in guinea fowls (Numida meleagris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christo CHRISTEV

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present research was to investigate the effect of Bulgarian additive Vemoherb-T (dry extract of the annual plant Tribulus terrestris – L, produced by Vemo 99 Ltd Company, Sofia on main biochemical characteristics and hematological parameters of the blood in guinea fowl (Numida meleagris. An experiment was carried out with 30 Pearl-gray Guinea fowl (32 weeks old, distributed in two groups – a control and an experimental, 12 female and 3 male each. All birds were fed the same mixture for breeder guinea fowl. Vemoherb-T was supplemented to the compound feed of the experimental group in a daily dose of 10 mg/kg body weight for a period of 12 weeks. The tested product decreased significantly the levels of total triglycerides (P < 0.05, total cholesterol (P <0.01 and glucose (P < 0.01; P < 0.001 in male and female birds respectively in the blood serum. It was established significantly higher total protein- ((P < 0.001 and calcium (P<0.01 values in the blood serum of the treated birds. The addition of Vemoherb-T increased significantly hemoglobin level, the number of erythrocytes and leukocytes and decreased the number of eosinophils in guinea fowl from the both sexes.

  13. Biochemical and Functional Analysis of Two Plasmodium falciparum Blood-Stage 6-Cys Proteins: P12 and P41

    OpenAIRE

    Tana Taechalertpaisarn; Cecile Crosnier; S Josefin Bartholdson; Hodder, Anthony N.; Jenny Thompson; Bustamante, Leyla Y.; Wilson, Danny W.; Sanders, Paul R.; Wright, Gavin J.; Rayner, Julian C.; Cowman, Alan F.; Gilson, Paul R.; Crabb, Brendan S

    2012-01-01

    The genomes of Plasmodium parasites that cause malaria in humans, other primates, birds, and rodents all encode multiple 6-cys proteins. Distinct 6-cys protein family members reside on the surface at each extracellular life cycle stage and those on the surface of liver infective and sexual stages have been shown to play important roles in hepatocyte growth and fertilization respectively. However, 6-cys proteins associated with the blood-stage forms of the parasite have no known function. Here...

  14. Blood pressure, renal biochemical parameters and histopathology in an original rat model of essential hypertension (SHRSP/Kpo strain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Takashi; Mizuguchi, Nobuyuki; Ito, Akihiko

    2015-01-01

    Hypertensive nephropathy, a consequence of chronic high blood pressure, is increasingly a cause of end-stage renal diseases and its correct management is very important for clinical outcome. Spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR/Kpo) and stroke-prone SHR (SHRSP/Kpo) strains represent models of human essential hypertension. However, the kidney injuries in SHR/Kpo and SHRSP/Kpo are not well defined. We therefore characterized the renal pathophysiology of SHR/Kpo and SHRSP/Kpo compared with normotensive control (WKY/Kpo) rats. The SHRSP/Kpo exhibited increased systolic blood pressure at 10 weeks of age, and proteinuria and increased blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine levels at 20 weeks. We simultaneously detected mononuclear cell infiltration, tubular injuries, accumulation of extracellular matrix and marked expression of α-SMA in the tubulointerstitium. Additionally, TGF-β1 and CTGF were up-regulated in the kidney of SHRSP/Kpo. We lastly focused on changes in glomerular cells of SHRSP/Kpo. Nestin, a podocyte marker, was detected but decreased slightly in 20-week-old SHRSP/Kpo. PECAM-1 expression was increased in SHRSP/Kpo glomeruli, indicating the thickening of glomerular endothelial cells. Moreover, we found that α-SMA, a myofibroblast marker, was also upregulated in the glomeruli of SHRSP/Kpo at 20 weeks. These findings suggest that SHRSP/Kpo could be a valuable animal model for human hypertensive nephropathy.

  15. Bisphenol A and its analogs induce morphological and biochemical alterations in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (in vitro study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michałowicz, Jaromir; Mokra, Katarzyna; Bąk, Agata

    2015-10-01

    Few studies have addressed the cellular effects of bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol AF (BPAF) on cells, and no study has been conducted to analyze the mechanism of action of bisphenols in blood cells. In this study, the effect of bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol F (BPF), BPS and BPAF on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was analyzed. It was shown that BPA, BPF and BPAF in particular, decreased cell viability, which was associated with depletion of intracellular ATP level and alterations in PBMCs size and granulation. Bisphenols enhanced ROS (including OH˙) formation, which led to damage to lipids and proteins in PBMCs. The most significant alterations in ROS level were induced by BPF, and particularly BPAF. Moreover, it was shown that BPAF most strongly provoked lipid peroxidation, while BPA and BPS caused the greatest damage to proteins. It may be concluded that BPA and its analogs were capable of inducing oxidative stress and damage in PBMCs in the concentrations ranging from 0.06 to 0.5 μM (0.02-0.1 μg/ml), which may be present in human blood as a result of environmental exposure. Although, most of bisphenols studied decreased cell viability, size and ATP level at higher concentrations, BPAF exhibited its cytotoxic potential at low concentrations ranging from 0.3 to 3 μM (0.1-1.0 μg/ml) that may correspond to concentrations in humans following occupational exposure.

  16. Biochemical identification of the bovine blood group M' antigen as a major histocompatibility complex class I-like molecule

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hønberg, L S; Larsen, B; Koch, C;

    1995-01-01

    Absorption and elution experiments showed that it was impossible to separate antibodies against blood group factor M' from antibodies against bovine lymphocyte antigen (BoLA) A16 in an antiserum showing haemolytic activity against M' as well as lymphocytotoxic activity against BoLA-A16....... To elucidate the structural relationship between BoLA-A16 and blood group antigen M', immunoprecipitation experiments on red and white cell lysates isolated from M'-A16 positive and negative cattle were carried out. These results showed that M(r) 44,000 and M(r) 12000 polypeptides can be precipitated from both...... difference in the pI of the immunoprecipitable components of red and white cells was observed. All together, this indicates that either the blood group antigen M' is the BoLA-A16 class I antigen or M' and BoLA-A16 are two different class I polypeptides with the same relative mass, sharing identical epitopes...

  17. High-Moisture Diet for Laboratory Rats: Complete Blood Counts, Serum Biochemical Values, and Intestinal Enzyme Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battles, August H.; Knapka, Joseph T.; Stevens, Bruce R.; Lewis, Laura; Lang, Marie T.; Gruendel, Douglas J.

    1991-01-01

    Rats were fed an irradiated high-moisture diet (KSC-25) with or without access to a water bottle. Physiologic values were compared between these two groups and a group of rats fed a purified diet. Hematologic and serum biochemical values, urine specific gravity, and intestinal enzyme activities were determined from samples collected from the three groups of rats. Sprague Dawley rats (n=32) fed the irradiated high-moisture diet with or without a water bottle were the test animals. Rats (n=16) fed an irradiated purified diet and water provided via a water bottle were the control group. The purified diet formulation, modified AIN-76A, is a commonly used purified diet for laboratory rodents. All rats remained alert and healthy throughout the study. A comparison of the physiologic values of rats in this study with reported normal values indicated that all of the rats in the study were in good health. Significant differences (P less than 0.05) of the physiologic values from each rat group are reported.

  18. Comparison of the effect of combined relaxation and music therapy on blood biochemical characters and blood pressure on type 2 diabetic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali R. Bakhshipoor

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Undoubtedly, diabetes and its complications is one of the greatest diseases in worldwide with considerable concern for medical knowledge. There are different kinds of psychological treatments which may reduce the signs and symptoms of diabetic complications. Majority of researches indicated that consulting, music therapy and relaxation play significant and effective role on diabetes. Materials and Method: In this semi-experimental study 75 patients with diabetes type 2, according to subjects’ characters, were invited to participate in the study. They were divided into the intervention and control group randomly. The intervention group was stratified into 6 groups with 5 patients in each group. The intervention programs were carried through 10 sessions of music and relaxation therapy (consist of imagery, progressive muscle and breathing relaxation and home practice for three months. Blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HbA1c and fasting blood glucose were measured before and after of study. All patients also filled out the questionnaire related to biography and some diabetes risk factors before and after the study. Results: A total of 73 patients (intervention group=28 and control group=45 completed the 3-month study period. The result showed that there were significant difference between FBS (p=0.03, systolic (p=0.02 and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.0001 in intervention group compared to control group. Conclusion: we suggest that combined relaxation and music therapy is a feasible and effective treatment on diabetes. Therefore, adding relaxation and music therapy to other treatments such as physical activity and diet, in people with type 2 diabetes, may help them to control and mange their diabetes

  19. The effect of Prosopis farcta beans extract on blood biochemical parameters in streptozotocin-induced diabetic male rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dashtban, Mohsen; Sarir, Hadi; Omidi, Arash

    2016-01-01

    Background: The use of herbals in the treatment of diabetes mellitus is a well-established practice in traditional medicine. The medicinal plant Prosopis farcta has some antioxidant activity, which may be useful in diabetic patients. Since, there is no report on the antidiabetic effect of the P. farcta, this study evaluated antidiabetic activity of P. farcta bean extract (PFE) in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Materials and Methods: Hyperglycemia was induced in male albino Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of STZ (55 mg/kg body weight [BW]), after which, the animals were randomly allocated into six experimental groups as follows: Group 1: Normal rats (received normal saline), Groups 2 and 3: Normal rats received PFE; (50 and 75 mg/kg BW), Group 4: Diabetic control rats, Group 5: Diabetic rats received PFE (50 mg/kg BW), Group 6: Diabetic rats received PFE (75 mg/kg BW). Three days after induction of diabetes, rats were received an extract of PFE orally for 12 days. Blood samples were collected by cardiac puncture to determine liver enzymes; aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase (AST and ALT), cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), high and low density lipoproteins (HDL and LDL). Results: The administration of PFE (50 and 75 mg/kg) in STZ-induced diabetic rats significantly reduced the blood glucose levels when compared with the STZ-control group (227.2 ± 12.00 and 259.6 ± 7.03 vs. 454.6 ± 12.66, P < 0.001). PFE in diabetic groups had no significant effect on the levels of cholesterol, TG, HDL, LDL, AST, and ALT compare to the STZ-control group. Conclusion: P. farcta could reduce blood glucose in diabetic rats. PMID:27512685

  20. Effects of medium-chain fatty acids on performance, carcass characteristics, blood biochemical parameters and immune response in Japanese quail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeidi, E; Shokrollahi, B; Karimi, K; Amiri-Andi, M

    2016-06-01

    This study had the aim of evaluating the effects of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) on performance, carcass characteristics, some blood parameters and antibody titre against sheep red blood cells (SRBC) in quail. A total of 240 quail chicks were allotted to 4 treatments consisting of respectively 0, 1, 2 and 4 g/kg dietary MCFA. There were no significant differences in body weight, feed intake and feed conversion ratio among treatments at different stages of the experiment. MCFAs had no significant effect on breast, thigh, liver, spleen and bursa of Fabricius weight ratios. However, the relative weight of abdominal fat significantly decreased in quail receiving 0.2 and 0.4 MCFA as compared to other treatments. Concentrations of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL), triglycerides and total cholesterol were decreased and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol was increased in quail chicks receiving MCFA compared with control quail chicks. The concentrations of SRBC antibody were not statistically different among treatments. It is concluded that MCFA significantly decreased LDL, triglycerides, cholesterol and abdominal fat and increased HDL in quail chicks. PMID:27074264

  1. Monitoring the effects of exposure to lead and cadmium in working and living environment through standard biochemical blood parameters and liver endonucleases activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolić Ružica S.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Heavy metals as pollutants in the working and living environment are a serious health and environmental problem because they are toxic, non-biodegradable, accumulate in living systems and have a long half-life in soil. Sources of lead contamination are combustion products in the chemical industry and metallurgy, industrial waste water, landfills, traffic etc. Lead enters into the body via the food chain and drinking water. In the body lead is deposited in the liver, kidneys, brain and mineral tissues. Excretion of lead causes damage to the epithelial cells of certain organs. High level exposure to cadmium is usually the result of environmental pollution by human activities. Exposure to cadmium can lead to acute and chronic tissue damage of various organs, including liver and kidneys in humans and in animals. In this paper we analyzed the effects of lead and cadmium exposure, in working and living environment, on the model system of experimental animals, particularly the activity of certain liver enzymes, acid and alkaline DNase, and standard biochemical blood parameters. The study showed that lead and cadmium significantly affect the protein content, red blood cells, hemoglobin and hematocrit, and the activity of liver enzymes. This harmful effect of this toxic metal can be reduced by the supplements.

  2. Blood haematological and biochemical parameters in normal cycling, pregnant and repeat breeding buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) maintained in isothermic and isonutritional conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Anthony Sabasthin; Venkataswamy Girish Kumar; Sumanta Nandi

    2012-01-01

    Objective:The present study was envisaged to examine the hematological and biochemical, parameters in three different groups of buffaloes (regularly cycling, pregnant and repeat breeding) maintained in isothermic and isonutritional conditions to establish the variations in blood and/or serum components in these groups.Methods:Blood samples were analyzed for hemoglobin, PCV, TLC, neutophil, lymphocyte, eosinophil, and monocyte count, glucose, total protein, albumin, globulin, urea and cholesterol.Results:The results revealed significantly lower haemoglobin and packed cell volume value in repeat breeding when compared to pregnant and regularly cycling animals. The WBC value significantly higher in repeat breeding when compared to regularly cycling animals. The average mean values of neutrophils, lymphocyte and eosinophils revealed a no significant difference in the neutrophils, lymphocyte and eosinophils in between the group. The mean values of monocytes revealed a significantly higher value in repeat breeding animals when compared to pregnant animals. The serum glucose, total protein, cholesterol and urea levels were significantly lower in repeat breeding compared to pregnant and regularly cycling animals. The levels of albumin and globulin revealed non-significant difference among the groups.Conclusions: A significant decrease in the hemoglobin, PCV, glucose, total protein, cholesterol and urea was observed in the repeat breeding animals when compared to pregnant and regularly cycling animals.

  3. HBV转基因小鼠血液生理生化指标检测分析%Hematological and biochemical indexes in blood of HBV transgenic mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑凤娇; 傅泳航; 刘光泽; 张建; 李秀梅; 陈媚娟; 孔祥平

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the effects of gene integration of HBV on the biochemical and hematological indices in blood of transgenic mice. Methods The venous blood was collected from orbital venous plexus of 28 normal mice bom in the same brood (HBsAg negative) and 50 HBV transgenic mice (HBsAg positive), 6-8 weeks in age The blood routine examination was performed, including white blood cells (WHO, red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), platelets (PLT), lymphocyte percentage (L%), intermediate cell percentage (M%), the percentage of leaf cells (G%) and blood biochemical parameters including glucose (GLU), urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (CREA), total protein (ALB), albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (TBIL), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total cholesterol (CHOL) and triglyceride (TG). The differential indexes were analyzed in HBsAg positive and negative mice, also the mice of different sex. Results Significant differences were found between the transgenic and normal mice in blood GLU, BUN, CREA, RBCs, Hb and PLT (P<0.05), while no significant differences were found in other indices. No difference was found in the above 6 indices between the different sex of normal mice, while there was significant difference in blood GLU between males and females in transgenic mice, and it was higher in males than in females ( P<0.05). The blood GLU, CREA and BUN were higher in transgenic male mice than in normal male mice, and the contents of RBCs, Hb and PLT were higher in transgenic female mice than in normal female mice (P<0.05). Conclusion HBV DNA may throw some influences on blood biochemical and hematological indexes of HBV transgenic mice, and it may provide some valuable references to the study of HBV pathogenesis in HBV animal models.%目的 研究HBV基因整合对转基因小鼠代谢和血液指标的影响.方法 以28只同一窝乙肝表面抗原(HBsAg)阴性小鼠和50只HBsAg阳性的HBV转基因小鼠为研究对象,鼠龄6~8周,眼

  4. Effects of combined dietary chromium(III) propionate complex and thiamine supplementation on insulin sensitivity, blood biochemical indices, and mineral levels in high-fructose-fed rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Król, Ewelina; Krejpcio, Zbigniew; Michalak, Sławomir; Wójciak, Rafał W; Bogdański, Paweł

    2012-12-01

    Insulin resistance is the first step in glucose intolerance and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, thus effective prevention strategies should also include dietary interventions to enhance insulin sensitivity. Nutrients, such as microelement chromium(III) and thiamine, play regulatory roles in carbohydrate metabolism. The objective of this study was to evaluate the insulin-sensitizing potential of the combined supplementary chromium(III) propionate complex (CrProp) and thiamine in insulin resistance animal model (rats fed a high-fructose diet). The experiment was carried out on 40 nine-week-old male Wistar rats divided into five groups (eight animals each). Animals were fed ad libitum: the control diet (AIN-93 M) and high-fructose diets with and without a combination of two levels of CrProp (0.1 and 1 mg Cr/kg body mass/day) and two levels of thiamine (0.5 and 10 mg/kg body mass/day) for 8 weeks. At the end of the experiment rats were sacrificed to collect blood and internal organs for analyses of blood biochemical and hematologic indices as well as tissular microelement levels that were measured using appropriate methods. It was found that both supplementary CrProp and thiamine (given alone) have significant insulin-sensitizing and moderate blood-lipid-lowering properties, while the combined supplementation with these agents does not give synergistic effects in insulin-resistant rats. CrProp given separately increased kidney Cu and Cr levels, while thiamine alone increased hepatic Cu contents and decreased renal Zn and Cu contents.

  5. At-vessel mortality and blood biochemical status of elasmobranchs caught in an Australian commercial longline fishery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul A. Butcher

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates mortality of sharks in a commercial longline fishery in Australia. To examine the rate and biological, environmental and technological factors contributing to at-vessel mortality, four setlines with 120 gangions possessing ‘hook timers’ were deployed daily (for 7h and 14h using conventional gears from two commercial fishing vessels during 2013. A total of 689 animals across 22 species and including 18 elasmobranchs were landed. For the five species (Carcharhinus spp., and one genus (Sphyrna spp where there were sufficient numbers for analysis, generalised linear mixed models showed that species and the elapsed time spent on the line after hooking were the strongest predictors of at-vessel mortality, with spinner (Carcharhinus brevipinna, blacktip (C. limbatus and hammerhead (Sphyrna spp sharks exhibiting the highest death rates. The variables which best explained mortality, included: (i sex of the caught sharks, and the interaction between species with (ii capture depth, and (iii the elapsed time spent on the line after hooking. For the subset of dusky (C. obscurus and sandbar (C. plumbeus sharks examined for physiological status at the point of capture, very few of the 13 chosen blood analytes varied significantly. Given the observed high mortality rates and stress associated with the time spent on the line after capture, operational changes to reduce these adverse impacts should be considered. Even simple changes such as shorter soak times could considerably mitigate these impacts.

  6. Effects of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) on blood biochemical parameters, antioxidase activity, and immune function in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Xiao-Qing; Zhang, Dong-Ming; Chen, Yu-Ke; Wang, Qiu-Ju; Yang, Yi-Yu

    2015-11-01

    Antibiotic use in livestock feed additives has resulted in harmful residue accumulation and spread of drug-resistance. We examined the use of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as a safer alternative to antibiotics in feeding the common carp. AMPs were added to common carp basal diets (Control) as additives at four concentrations: 100 mg kg(-1) (B1), 200 mg kg(-1) (B2), 400 mg kg(-1) (B3), 600 mg kg(-1) (B4) by dry weight of basal diet. After a 60-day feeding experiment, the final weight, DG and SGR of carps on B1, B2 and B3 diet were significantly higher than the control (p diet were significantly lower than the control (p diets showed significantly lower (p 0.05) in levels of uric ammonia, globulin, glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase, lactic dehydrogenase and blood glucose in all groups. The serum superoxide dismutase and catalase activity of B1-fed carps was significantly higher (p alkaline phosphate activity of carps on B1 diets was significantly higher (p diets was significantly higher (p diets for common carp increased the final weight, DG, SGR and decreased the FCR. PMID:26386195

  7. 骨代谢相关血液生化指标的研究进展%Study on Blood Biochemical Indicators Related to Bone Metabolism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜伟; 李春风; 谷大海; 徐志强; 贾俊静; 陈小波

    2011-01-01

    The bone metabolism includes the two processes of bone formation and bone resorption, which is influenced by many facters, hererity, nutrition, environment, gender and incretion are the key regulatory factors. When the bone resorption significantly exceeds formations the activity of the osteoblasts cannot keep up with the activity of the osteoclasts, and then resulting in bone loss rapidly and bone density reducing. The process of bone metabolism is affected by incretion, many biochemical indexes of blood play an important role in the study of osteopathy. Many studies have reported biochemical parameters of blood related to bone metabolism. This paper summarize the effects of serum calcium and phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, 1,25-(OH)2D3interleukin, ALP on the bone formation and resorption.%骨代谢包括骨合成和骨吸收两个过程.受到很多因素的影响,遗传、营养、环境、性别及内分泌等都是关键调节因素.当骨吸收过程大于骨合成过程,导致骨量流失,骨密度降低,进一步发展为骨质疏松症.骨代谢过程受到内分泌的影响,很多骨代谢血液生化指标对骨病的研究起到重要作用.近年来,国内外大量的研究报道了与骨代谢相关的血液生化指标.作者着重对血钙与血磷、甲状旁腺激素、1,25-二羟维生素D3、白细胞介素、血清总碱磷酶和骨碱磷酶等骨代谢血液生化指标对骨形成和分解的影响进行了综述.

  8. Effects of pollution on lead and cadmium concentration and correlation with biochemical parameters in blood of human population nearby Kosovo thermo power plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Zeneli

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This study describes an investigation of lead and cadmium pollution of Kosovo environment as a result of outflow from the coal processing industry. In a comparative study of lead and cadmium concentration in blood of human population of two different environments in Kosovo, one nearby Kosovo Thermo Power Plants, (Obiliq a highly polluted environment and the other that is considered as relatively clean rural environment (Dragash. Analysis has shown that emission of particulate in fly ash from Thermo Power Plants during 2005 has exceeded EU standards by 400-500% and that lead concentration was 18mg kg-1 and cadmium concentration was -1 of ash. A series of determinations of lead and cadmium concentrations in blood of population that lives in this environment, have shown direct effects in biochemical parameters CRE (Creatinin, DB (Direct Bilirubine, TB (Total Bilirubine, AST (Aspartat Aminotransferaza, CK (Creatin Kinaza and CHE (Cholenisteraza in human organism. The results that were achieved in this study showed a significant difference in average lead and cadmium concentration in the blood of the investigated group of peoples that lives in the area near by the Power Plants, from a control group that lives in a rural unpolluted environment. Lead and cadmium has been analyzed in 50 samples taken from persons from industrial zone and 25 samples in controlled group. The level of lead concentration was 23.0-112.1 µg L-1in geometric average 46.05 µg L-1, cadmium concentration was 0.44-6.02 µg L-1 in geometric average of 1.56µg L-1. Controlled group from the rural relatively clean environment showed lead concentration of 6.7-33.8 µg L-1 in geometric avarage 17.76 µg L-1 and cadmium concentration of 0.21-1.8 µg L-1 or in geometric average of 0.73 µg L-1. In conclusion in exposed subjects, pollution from coal burning in Power Plant is very important factor for level of lead and cadmium concentration in blood of tested population.

  9. Effects of iron-glycine chelate on growth, carcass characteristic, liver mineral concentrations and haematological and biochemical blood parameters in broilers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwiecień, M; Samolińska, W; Bujanowicz-Haraś, B

    2015-12-01

    Studies were carried out to determine the effect of additive iron-glycine chelate on the production performance, slaughter yield, mineral deposition in the liver and the metabolic blood panel in broiler chickens. A total of 250 one-day-old Ross 308 chicks were allotted into five groups with five replicates of 10 birds each. Diets were supplemented with the organic form iron (Fe-Gly at the rate of 25%, 50% or 100% of the total requirements of the elements) and inorganic Fe (FeSO4 at the rate of 50% or 100%). In the experiment, iron was added to the premix (containing no Fe) in an amount of 40 or 20 mg per kg of basal diet, in groups I and II, in the form of FeSO4 , and in an amount of 40, 20 or 10 mg per kg of basal diet, in groups III, IV and V, in the form of Fe-Gly. The study covering the period from the first to the 42nd day of breeding revealed that the production performance and slaughter yield were not dependent on the form and amount of added Fe. In the experimental groups with the addition of Fe-Gly of 20 or 10 mg/kg, there were no deaths of chickens during the whole fattening period. As a result, introducing an organic form of iron covering 50% and 25% of the birds' requirement increased the effectiveness of chicken fattening (European Efficiency Index) (p < 0.01). An organic Fe compound (40, 20 or 10 mg/kg) added to mixtures contributed to significant changes in the level of biochemical and haematological indicators in blood. The study demonstrated that an addition of Fe-Gly to mixtures for broilers can be fully effective in terms of production and health performance even if the suggested requirement for this element is 50% or 25% covered.

  10. Selected haematological and biochemical parameters of blood in rats after subchronic administration of vanadium and/or magnesium in drinking water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scibior, Agnieszka; Zaporowska, Halina; Ostrowski, Jarosław

    2006-08-01

    The purpose of these studies was to evaluate the effect of selected vanadium and magnesium doses on certain haematological and biochemical blood parameters in rats. Outbred 2-month-old, albino male Wistar rats received for a period of 6 weeks, as a sole drinking liquid, the following water solutions: group II, sodium metavanadate (SMV) at a concentration of 0.125 mg V/mL; group III, magnesium sulphate (MS) at a concentration of 0.06 mg Mg/mL; and group IV, SMV-MS solution at the same concentrations. The control group received at this time deionized water to drink. It was calculated that group II ingested with drinking water about 10.7 mg V/kg b. w./24 h, group III 6 mg Mg/kg b. w./24 h, and group IV about 9 mg V and 4.5 mg Mg/kg b. w./24 h. The exposure to vanadium alone (group II) led to a statistically significant decrease in body weight gain, food and fluid intakes. Moreover, in the same group of rats a statistically significant decrease in the RBC count, Hb concentration, MCV, and MCH values was demonstrated. Additionally, a statistically significant decrease in the plasma L-ascorbic acid concentration and a significant increase in MDA concentration in blood in this group were found. Instead, after the administration of magnesium alone (group III), a statistically significant decrease in the fluid intake and in the L-ascorbic acid concentration in plasma was noted. Furthermore, in the same group of rats a statistically significant increase in Hb level and in the plasma magnesium concentration was demonstrated. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) did not reveal the interactions between V and Mg.

  11. Effect of some Physiological Parameters in Female Local Sheep on some Blood Biochemical Components and Hormonal Levels During Pregnancy and Lactation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study was carried out to determine effect of breed, days of estimation within breed, parity number of ewes, sex and type of embryo and regression on age and weight of ewes, gestation length and some blood biochemical and hormones levels during pregnancy or post - partum period. A total number of 60 ewes, 2 - 4 years of age with body weight ranged between 48 to 58 kg from breeding flock in Research Farm of Nuclear Research Centre, Atomic Energy Authority were used in this study. And they were divided into two equal groups according to their breed (Ossimi and Rahmani breed ewes). Blood samples of approximately 7 ml were collected during pregnancy at 10, 20, 30, 50, 100, 120, 140, and 145 days up to parturitions. After parturitions blood samples were taken at 30 and 60 days. Serum total protein, albumin and globulin were determined. In addition, plasma triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxin (T4) were determined. The results showed that Ossimi ewes had higher pregnancy duration (150.94 days) than Rahmani ewes (149.49 days), the shorter length was observed in ewes of the first parity while the higher of gestation length was found in ewes of the second parity, ewes having female fetus had a longest gestation length while the shortest gestation length was found in ewes having both male and female twins. It was found that during pregnancy period Rahmani ewes had higher T3 and T4 means than Ossimi ones T3 and T4 plasma triiodothyronine (T3) level decreased up to 50 th day of the pregnancy period in Ossimi and Rahmani ewes then it sharply increased at the 145 th day of pregnancy period. In addition, plasma T3 level decreased significantly with increasing ewes parity. The highest level of plasma T3 level (73.50 ng/dl) was found in ewes having twins (male and female) fetus while those having female and having male were found to be 66.50 and 63.15 ng/dl, respectively. Ewes having single had higher values of T3 level compared with twins while the T4 levels concentration

  12. Deltamethrin-induced oxidative stress and biochemical changes in tissues and blood of catfish (Clarias gariepinus: antioxidant defense and role of alpha-tocopherol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amin Kamal A

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The pyrethroid class of insecticides, including deltamethrin, is being used as substitutes for organochlorines and organophosphates in pest-control programs because of their low environmental persistence and toxicity. This study was aimed to investigate the impact of commonly used pesticides (deltamethrin on the blood and tissue oxidative stress level in catfish (Clarias gariepinus; in addition to the protective effect of α-tocopherol on deltamethrin induced oxidative stress. Catfish were divided into three groups, 1st control group include 20 fish divided into two tanks each one contain 10 fish, 2nd deltamethrin group, where Fish exposed to deltamethrin in a concentration (0.75 μg/l and 3rd Vitamin E group, Fish exposed to deltamethrin and vitamin E at a dose of 12 μg/l for successive 4 days. Serum, liver, kidney and Gills were collected for biochemical assays. Tissue oxidative stress biomarkers malondialdhyde (MDA and catalase activity in liver, kidney and gills tissues, serum liver enzymes (ALT and AST, serum albumin, total protein, urea and creatinine were analysed. Results Our results showed that 48 h. exposure to 0.75 μg/l deltamethrin significantly (p  Conclusions It could be concluded that deltamethrin is highly toxic to catfish even in very low concentration (0.75 μg/l. Moreover the effect of deltamethrin was pronounced in the liver of catfish in comparison with kidneys and gills. Moreover fish antioxidants and oxidative stress could be used as biomarkers for aquatic pollution, thus helping in the diagnosis of pollution. Adminstration of 12 μg/l α-tocopherol restored the quantified tissue and serum parameters, so supplementation of α-tocopherol consider an effective way to counter the toxicity of deltamethrin in the catfish.

  13. Influence of Dietary Zinc and Vitamin C Supplementation on Some Blood Biochemical Parameters and Egg Production in Free-Range Laying Hens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasko GERZILOV

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to follow out the effect of antistress dietary supplements Zinteral 35 and vitamin C on the levels of some blood biochemical parameters (corticosterone, total cholesterol, glucose, total protein and creatinine and egg production in laying hens during cold (7o C, thermoneutral (19o C and hot (31o C periods. The fowls were divided in three groups (26 females and 3 males in each group. They were reared in a free-range management system with elements of organic production. The experimental treatments were as followed: first (control group without dietary supplement, second group with 100 mg Zinteral 35 per kg diet containing 35 mg/kg zinc oxide, third group with the same amount of Zinteral 35 together with 250 mg vitamin C per kg diet. During the three periods with different ambient temperature, the hens supplemented either with zinc alone (second group or co-administered zinc + vitamin C (third group had significantly lower levels of plasma corticosterone (P<0.001, serum cholesterol (P<0.05 and glucose (P<0.05 than those from the first (control group. The differences between the third and the first groups were bigger versus those between the second and the first groups. For the entire period (March 1 and June 21, egg production was higher by 2.22 % and 4.60 % in the second and third groups respectively in comparison to the first group. The combination of 100 mg Zinteral 35 and 250 mg vitamin C per 1 kg diet exhibited a synergistic effect in reducing cold and heat stress in laying hens and increased their egg production.

  14. Baseline levels of CD8+ T cells against survivin and survivin-2B in the blood of lung cancer patients and cancer-free individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karanikas, Vaios; Soukou, Faye; Kalala, Fani; Kerenidi, Theodora; Grammoustianou, Evangelia S; Gourgoulianis, Konstantinos I; Germenis, Anastasios E

    2008-11-01

    Survivin and its variant survivin-2B have been considered as potential candidates for cancer immunotherapy. The magnitude however of spontaneously occurring CD8(+) T cells circulating precursor CTLs (pCTL), has never been evaluated. We set out to measure in 20 patients with lung carcinomas and 5 aged matched healthy male individuals (expressing HLA-A2 and/or -A24), the frequency of pCTLs specific for two naturally processed and presented peptides of survivin (LTLGEFLKL presented by HLA-A2) and survivin-2B (AYACNTSTL presented by HLA-A24) since these peptides are the only ones used in immunotherapeutic trials. The frequency of peptide-specific pCTLs was estimated using a sensitive method that combines HLA-multimer flow cytometric technology with a previous step of in vitro amplification under limiting dilution conditions. Anti-survivin or anti-survivin-2B specific CTL clones were not detected in 17 out of the 21 tested patients, and in none of the healthy individuals. In a number of peripheral blood mononuclear cell microcultures of the remaining 4 patients, diffuse clusters stained weakly by the HLA-multimers were observed which were not amplified after further stimulation and, therefore, they were finally considered as negative. The significance of the levels of spontaneously occurring CTL-responses against survivin and survivin-2B peptides, in cancer patients and cancer-free subjects, remains to be elucidated and it would be interesting to be considered in relation to the clinical efficacy of anti-cancer vaccination protocols. PMID:18789878

  15. Early Rise of Blood T Follicular Helper Cell Subsets and Baseline Immunity as Predictors of Persisting Late Functional Antibody Responses to Vaccination in Humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borgogni, Erica; Zedda, Luisanna; Cantisani, Rocco; Chiappini, Nico; Schiavetti, Francesca; Rosa, Domenico; Castellino, Flora; Montomoli, Emanuele; Bodinham, Caroline L.; Lewis, David J.; Medini, Duccio; Bertholet, Sylvie; Del Giudice, Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    CD4+ T follicular helper cells (TFH) have been identified as the T-cell subset specialized in providing help to B cells for optimal activation and production of high affinity antibody. We recently demonstrated that the expansion of peripheral blood influenza-specific CD4+IL-21+ICOS1+ T helper (TH) cells, three weeks after vaccination, associated with and predicted the rise of protective neutralizing antibodies to avian H5N1. In this study, healthy adults were vaccinated with plain seasonal trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIIV), MF59®-adjuvanted TIIV (ATIIV), or saline placebo. Frequencies of circulating CD4+ TFH1 ICOS+ TFH cells and H1N1-specific CD4+IL-21+ICOS+ CXCR5+ TFH and CXCR5- TH cell subsets were determined at various time points after vaccination and were then correlated with hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titers. All three CD4+ T cell subsets expanded in response to TIIV and ATIIV, and peaked 7 days after vaccination. To demonstrate that these TFH cell subsets correlated with functional antibody titers, we defined an alternative endpoint metric, decorrelated HI (DHI), which removed any correlation between day 28/day 168 and day 0 HI titers, to control for the effect of preexisting immunity to influenza vaccine strains. The numbers of total circulating CD4+ TFH1 ICOS+ cells and of H1N1-specific CD4+IL-21+ICOS+ CXCR5+, measured at day 7, were significantly associated with day 28, and day 28 and 168 DHI titers, respectively. Altogether, our results show that CD4+ TFH subsets may represent valuable biomarkers of vaccine-induced long-term functional immunity. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01771367 PMID:27336786

  16. Early Rise of Blood T Follicular Helper Cell Subsets and Baseline Immunity as Predictors of Persisting Late Functional Antibody Responses to Vaccination in Humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spensieri, Fabiana; Siena, Emilio; Borgogni, Erica; Zedda, Luisanna; Cantisani, Rocco; Chiappini, Nico; Schiavetti, Francesca; Rosa, Domenico; Castellino, Flora; Montomoli, Emanuele; Bodinham, Caroline L; Lewis, David J; Medini, Duccio; Bertholet, Sylvie; Del Giudice, Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    CD4+ T follicular helper cells (T(FH)) have been identified as the T-cell subset specialized in providing help to B cells for optimal activation and production of high affinity antibody. We recently demonstrated that the expansion of peripheral blood influenza-specific CD4(+)IL-21(+)ICOS1(+) T helper (T(H)) cells, three weeks after vaccination, associated with and predicted the rise of protective neutralizing antibodies to avian H5N1. In this study, healthy adults were vaccinated with plain seasonal trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIIV), MF59(®)-adjuvanted TIIV (ATIIV), or saline placebo. Frequencies of circulating CD4(+) T(FH)1 ICOS(+) T(FH) cells and H1N1-specific CD4(+-)IL-21(+)ICOS(+) CXCR5(+) T(FH) and CXCR5(-) T(H) cell subsets were determined at various time points after vaccination and were then correlated with hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titers. All three CD4(+) T cell subsets expanded in response to TIIV and ATIIV, and peaked 7 days after vaccination. To demonstrate that these T(FH) cell subsets correlated with functional antibody titers, we defined an alternative endpoint metric, decorrelated HI (DHI), which removed any correlation between day 28/day 168 and day 0 HI titers, to control for the effect of preexisting immunity to influenza vaccine strains. The numbers of total circulating CD4(+)T(FH)1 ICOS(+) cells and of H1N1-specific CD4(+)IL-21(+)ICOS(+) CXCR5(+), measured at day 7, were significantly associated with day 28, and day 28 and 168 DHI titers, respectively. Altogether, our results show that CD4(+) T(FH) subsets may represent valuable biomarkers of vaccine-induced long-term functional immunity. PMID:27336786

  17. Post hoc analysis of the relationship between baseline white blood cell count and survival outcome in a randomized Phase III trial of decitabine in older patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur C

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Christopher Arthur,1 Jaroslav Cermak,2 Jacques Delaunay,3 Jirí Mayer,4 Grzegorz Mazur,5 Xavier Thomas,6 Agnieszka Wierzbowska,7 Mark M Jones,8 Erhan Berrak,8 Hagop Kantarjian9 1Department of Haematology, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 2Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Prague, Czech Republic; 3Department of Clinical Hematology, University of Nantes, Nantes, France; 4Department of Internal Medicine, Masaryk University Hospital Brno, Central European Institute of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic; 5Department of Hematology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland; 6Department of Hematology, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France; 7Copernicus Memorial Hospital, Lodz, Poland; 8Oncology Product Creation Unit, Eisai Inc., Woodcliff Lake, NJ, USA; 9Department of Leukemia, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA Background: In a Phase III trial, 485 patients (≥65 years with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia received decitabine 20 mg/m2 intravenously for 5 days every 4 weeks or a treatment choice (supportive care or cytarabine 20 mg/m2 subcutaneously for 10 days every 4 weeks. Materials and methods: We summarized overall and progression-free survival by baseline white blood cell count using two analyses: <1, 1–5, >5×109/L; ≤10 or .10×109/L. Results: There were 446 deaths (treatment choice, n=227; decitabine, n=219. Median overall survival was 5.0 (treatment choice versus 7.7 months (decitabine; nominal P=0.037. Overall survival differences between white blood cell groups were not significant; hazard ratios (HRs favored decitabine. Significant progression-free survival differences favored decitabine for groups 1–5×109/L (P=0.005, HR =0.67, greater than 5×109/L (P=0.027, HR =0.71, and up to 10×109/L (P=0.003, HR =0.72. Conclusion: There was a trend toward improved outcome with decitabine, regardless of baseline white blood cell count. Keywords: decitabine, acute myeloid

  18. 快速血糖仪与全自动生化分析仪检测结果一致性比较%Comparison of the detection results consistency of fast blood glucose meter and automatic biochemical analyzer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓红

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To compare the detection results consistency of fast blood glucose meter and automatic biochemical analyzer.Methods:40 cases of healthy controls and diabetic patients were selected.They were all given fast blood glucose meter and automatic biochemical analyzer to detect the glucose value.Results:The venous serum glucose values of automatic biochemical analyzer were all higher than the venous whole blood glucose values of fast blood glucose meter,and the difference was no statistically significant(P>0.05).Conclusion:The venous whole blood glucose values of fast blood glucose meter are compared with serum glucose values of automatic biochemical analyzer.Because the specimen sources are consistent,the operation process is simple.So it is suggested that medical institutions can adopt this method for regular comparison experiment.%目的:对快速血糖仪与全自动生化分析仪检测结果的一致性进行比较。方法:选取健康体检和糖尿病患者40例,均采用快速血糖仪和全自动生化分析仪进行血糖值的检测。结果:全自动生化分析仪所测静脉血清血糖值均高于快速血糖仪所测静脉全血血糖值,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:快速血糖仪的静脉全血血糖值与全自动生化分析仪的血清血糖值比较,因标本来源一致,操作流程简单,故建议医疗机构可采用此方法进行定期比对实验。

  19. Associations between annual and seasonal variations in body mass and reproductive success and blood biochemical parameters in semi-domesticated reindeer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid H. Holmøy

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the study was to follow reproductive performance and blood biochemical parameters associated with fat and carbohydrate metabolism in a herd of free-ranging, semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus over a two-year period, with extreme between-year variation in forage availability. The effects of climatic factors on reindeer reproductive performance were investigated by analysing whether time of onset of luteal function in autumn and calf survival were associated with changes in body mass and weather conditions, such as snow depth, precipitation, and temperature. Considerable between-year variation in the onset of luteal activity was found. In 1997, 4.2% of the female reindeer were either cycling or pregnant in the second week of October, whilst in 1998, in the same week, 100% were cycling or pregnant. Although energy balance was important for timing of the onset of luteal activity, delayed conception had no apparent effect on calf survival. The results indicated that maternal body mass (BM in spring was of primary importance for calf survival, and the productivity of the herd. Since climatic factors influence the availability of forage, and hence female BM, it also has an indirect impact on calf survival. Females with low BM demonstrated greater seasonal variation in BM than heavier females. Plasma concentrations of free fatty acids and β-hydroxy butyric acid responded to changes in forage availability, but the initial condition of the reindeer and their fat reserves also seemed to have a major influence on these parameters.Abstract in Norwegian / Sammendrag:Sammenheng mellom års- og sesongvariasjon i kroppsvekt og henholdsvis reproduksjonssuksess og biokjemiske blodparametre hos tamreinHovedformålet med studien var å følge reproduksjonen og blodparametre knyttet til fett og karbohydratmetabolismen hos en tamreinflokk (Rangifer tarandus tarandus gjennom en toårs periode med stor årlig variasjon i n

  20. Feasibility Analysis of the Heparin Anticoagulant Blood Plasma Used for Emergency Biochemical Test%肝素抗凝血浆用于急诊生化检验的可行性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓春凤

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析肝素抗凝血浆用于急诊生化检验的可行性。方法以医院130例受检者为研究对象,常规采集静脉血6 ml,均分分别注入普通干燥管(血清组)和肝素钠抗凝管(血浆组)中,观察两组患者生化检验结果。结果两组患者Na+、K+、GLU、GGT检验结果比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);剩余生化检验指标结果比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论肝素抗凝血浆具有分离血浆速度快、抗凝能力强的优点,在急诊生化检验中具有高的应用价值。%Objective To analyze heparin anticoagulant blood plasma used for biochemical test the feasibility of the emergency.Methods 130 cases of patients as the research objects,routine venous blood was colected 6 ml,half-and-half respectively devided into ordinary drying tube(serum) and heparin anticoagulant tube(plasma),biochemical test results were observed of two groups of patients.ResultsInspection results of Na+, K+,GLU,GGT in two groups of patients,the differences had statisticaly significant(P0.05).Conclusion The heparin anticoagulant blood plasma has fast separation of plasma,the advantages of the anticoagulant ability, in the emergency biochemical test has higher application value.

  1. Hematologic and biochemical reference intervals for wild osprey nestlings (Pandion haliaetus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meredith, Anna; Surguine, Katie; Handel, Ian; Bronsvoort, Mark; Beard, Philippa; Thornton, Susan M; Wesche, Petra; Hart, Mike; Anderson, David; Dennis, Roy

    2012-09-01

    A retrospective study of blood samples from 95 osprey (Pandion haliaetus) nestlings from Scotland and England, collected opportunistically over a 10-yr period, was performed to determine hematologic and plasma biochemistry reference intervals. The age of the sampled nestlings was estimated to be between 4 and 8 wk. Ninety-five percent reference intervals were determined for all hematologic and biochemical variables using parametric and nonparametric methods as appropriate. No blood parasites were detected. This is the first published study providing baseline reference data for osprey nestlings, and it is hoped the data will be of use to wildlife veterinarians and biologists in assessing the health of this species.

  2. 融水小型猪 F1代的血常规、血生化与电解质指标%Detection and analysis of blood parameter, blood biochemical and electrolyte indices in F1 generation of Rongshui miniature pig

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘科; 唐小江; 施赫赫; 陈淦; 邝少松; 刘盛来; 刘运忠; 钟志勇; 郭金彪; 耿庆山

    2015-01-01

    Objective To detect the blood parameter, blood biochemical and electrolyte indices of the F1 generation of Rongshui miniature pig ( RMP) .Methods The blood of 43 female and 42 male RMPs of 4 th month old, and 36 RMPs of 12th month old ( half male and female) were extracted from jugular vein.And the blood parameter, blood biochemical and electrolyte indices were detected by blood analyzer and automatic biochemical analyzer.Results In the same month-old RMP, no significant difference between male and female were found in most indices of blood parameter, blood biochemical and electrolyte indices.On the other hand, many indices were difference between 4th month old and 12th month old RMPs of same gender.Compared with the 4th month old RMP, the 12th month old RMP decreased significantly in WBC and PLT, increased in HGB ( P 0.05 ) .Serum ALT, AST, ALP, CK (male), LDH(male), A/G, BUN, GLU (female), CHOL (male) and K+decreased significantly (P <0.05), while serum TP, TBIL, CR and Ca2+increased significantly (P <0.05),but serum CHOL, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C were not different.86.4%(19/22) biochemical and electrolyte indices in RMP were in/or close to the range of normal value of human.Conclusion Most of the blood parameter, blood biochemical and electrolyte indices of RMP were close to human’ s normal value.%目的:测定融水小型猪( rongshui miniature pig,RMP) F1代血常规、血生化与电解质指标。方法选取4月龄F1代RMP 85头,雌性43头、雄性42头;12月龄36头,雌雄各半。颈静脉采血,分析血常规、血生化与电解质等22项指标。结果融水小型猪相同月龄时,两性别的血常规指标、血生化和电解质的大部分指标差异不大,但同性别在不同月龄之间的部分指标差异明显。12月龄比4月龄融水小型猪,血常规指标中的白细胞数、血小板数下降,血红蛋白含量升高( P <0.05),而红细胞数变化不大( P >0.05);血清ALT、AST、ALP、CK

  3. Artificial blood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarkar Suman

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Artificial blood is a product made to act as a substitute for red blood cells. While true blood serves many different functions, artificial blood is designed for the sole purpose of transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide throughout the body. Depending on the type of artificial blood, it can be produced in different ways using synthetic production, chemical isolation, or recombinant biochemical technology. Development of the first blood substitutes dates back to the early 1600s, and the search for the ideal blood substitute continues. Various manufacturers have products in clinical trials; however, no truly safe and effective artificial blood product is currently marketed. It is anticipated that when an artificial blood product is available, it will have annual sales of over $7.6 billion in the United States alone.

  4. Nonintrusive methodology for wellness baseline profiling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Danny Wen-Yaw; Tsai, Yuh-Show; Miaou, Shaou-Gang; Chang, Walter H.; Chang, Yaw-Jen; Chen, Shia-Chung; Hong, Y. Y.; Chyang, C. S.; Chang, Quan-Shong; Hsu, Hon-Yen; Hsu, James; Yao, Wei-Cheng; Hsu, Ming-Sin; Chen, Ming-Chung; Lee, Shi-Chen; Hsu, Charles; Miao, Lidan; Byrd, Kenny; Chouikha, Mohamed F.; Gu, Xin-Bin; Wang, Paul C.; Szu, Harold

    2007-04-01

    We develop an accumulatively effective and affordable set of smart pair devices to save the exuberant expenditure for the healthcare of aging population, which will not be sustainable when all the post-war baby boomers retire (78 millions will cost 1/5~1/4 GDP in US alone). To design an accessible test-bed for distributed points of homecare, we choose two exemplars of the set to demonstrate the possibility of translation of modern military and clinical know-how, because two exemplars share identically the noninvasive algorithm adapted to the Smart Sensor-pairs for the real world persistent surveillance. Currently, the standard diagnoses for malignant tumors and diabetes disorders are blood serum tests, X-ray CAT scan, and biopsy used sometime in the physical checkup by physicians as cohort-average wellness baselines. The loss of the quality of life in making second careers productive may be caused by the missing of timeliness for correct diagnoses and easier treatments, which contributes to the one quarter of human errors generating the lawsuits against physicians and hospitals, which further escalates the insurance cost and wasteful healthcare expenditure. Such a vicious cycle should be entirely eliminated by building an "individual diagnostic aids (IDA)," similar to the trend of personalized drug, developed from daily noninvasive intelligent databases of the "wellness baseline profiling (WBP)". Since our physiology state undulates diurnally, the Nyquist anti-aliasing theory dictates a minimum twice-a-day sampling of the WBP for the IDA, which must be made affordable by means of noninvasive, unsupervised and unbiased methodology at the convenience of homes. Thus, a pair of military infrared (IR) spectral cameras has been demonstrated for the noninvasive spectrogram ratio test of the spontaneously emitted thermal radiation from a normal human body at 37°C temperature. This invisible self-emission spreads from 3 microns to 12 microns of the radiation wavelengths

  5. Perubahan Nilai Hematologi, Biokimia Darah, Bobot Organ dan Bobot Badan Tikus Putih pada Umur Berbeda (THE CHANGES ON HEMATOLOGICAL, BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL VALUES, ORGAN AND BODY WEIGHT OF RAT AT DIFFERENT AGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marice Sihombing

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Research and development of health science require an animal model which has been known for itsorigin and characteristics. One of experimental animal model which is commonly used is albino rat. Thepurpose of this study was to investigate weight of organs (kidney, liver, spleen, and lung, hematologicalvalues (hemoglobin, hematocrit, erythrocyte and leucocyte, and the values of the biochemical blood (SGPT,SGOT, glucose and total protein of the albino rat at different ages. This study used 60 rats, which weredivided into 3 groups based on age namely 1, 2, and 3 months and groups based on sex that each groupconsisted of 10 males and 10 females. Samples of age and sex groups of rat were taken randomly. Eachcage consisted of 5 rats with the same ages and sex. Those rats fed and tap water ad libitum. The rats weresacrificed anaesthetically by with ether to take their blood and measure their organ‘s weight. Data wasanalyzed using one way ANOVA test, except data from heart organ which was analyzed using nonparametrictest (Friedman Test. To find out the increase of rats body weight age 1 -3 months, it was usedregression linier test. Results of statistic showed that there were significantly difference (p < 0,05 in bodyweight change, average of hematological values, blood biochemical values and organs weight in accordancewith increasing of rats age in all age groups. In contrast, average of hematocrit values had no significantlydifference (p > 0,05. Generally, male rats were bigger than female rats but there was no difference in all

  6. [Effect of stress actions on some hematologic and biochemical parameters of rat blood and on energetic intermolecular interactions in lipid extract under effect of light radiation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabelinskiĭ, S A; Chebotareva, M A; Tavrovskaia, T V; Skverchinskaia, E A; Shukoliukova, E P; Maslov, M N; Krivchenko, A I

    2012-01-01

    Comparative study has been carried of effect of the three-day long starvation, running, and their combination on morphological parameters of rat blood, lipid metabolism, and activity of blood Na,K-ATPase. Different effect has been shown of these stress factors on the blood erythrocyte composition. Starvation is accompanied by the most pronounced release of stored erythrocyte into blood, which results in a significant decrease both of the total amount of reticulocytes and the complete absence of reticulocytes of the I stage of maturity (the youngest). The running on treadmill led to a significant increase of the total amount of blood reticulocytes and to multiple increase of immature reticulocytes (RC-I and RC-II), which can indicate some stress of the bone marrow erythroid stem line. The curve of acid resistance of blood reticulocytes has shown the animal to experience the greatest stress at a combination of starvation and running. Starvation and running produced different effects on blood lipid characteristics. The content of triacylglycerides (TAG) in blood rose by 40% at starvation and decreased by 30% at running, a similar tendency being found for index of atherogeneity. The fatty acid composition of blood phospholipids at running and its combination with starvation practically did not differ from control. A change of Na,K-ATPase, which is so characteristic of reaction to various kinds of stress, sharply fell at starvation (by 22%), but increased at running (by 13%) and decreased markedly at combination of these actions. Absorption spectra of lipid extracts of the whole blood of the rats submitted to various stress actions showed that extracted from blood (at different amount depending on the kind of action) is an organic substance with coupled bonds, which absorbs light in the diapason of 360-620 nm. The absorption of light in the diapason of 400-410 nm has been found to belong to the Soret band of ferroheme and ferriheme. The shift of the Soret band indicates

  7. 牡蛎提取液对小鼠运动耐力、血液生化指标的影响%Impact of Oyster Extracts and Blood Biochemical on Endurance Exercise Indices among Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华岩

    2012-01-01

    通过建立长期递增负荷训练、力竭训练游泳运动模型,探讨牡蛎提取液对长期训练小鼠运动耐力、血液生化指标影响.研究表明:运动训练的小鼠比安静状态下的小鼠血红蛋白水平显著降低,血中乳酸、肌酸激酶和尿素氮的水平显著升高;而补充牡蛎提取液可使运动训练小鼠血红蛋白的水平显著升高,血中乳酸、肌酸激酶和尿素氮的水平显著下降,并可使小鼠力竭运动时间明显延长.因此,牡蛎提取液可提高机体的造血功能和循环系统功能,增强机体的运动能力.%Based on the long -term incremental treadmill exercise and exhaustive swimming training model, this paper aims to discuss the effects of Oyster extracts on endurance exercise, blood biochemical indices. Results indicate : compared with the rats in sedentary control group, the hemoglobin level of rats in exercise training group is greatly decreased, blood lactic acis, creatine kinase and blood urea nitrogen levels increased significantly, how- ever, increasing Oyster extracts can make hemoglobin level of rats in exercise training significantly increased, blood lactic acis, creatine kinase and blood urea nitrogen levels decreased significantly so as to make rats' exhaustive mo- ment greatly prolong. Conclusion: Oyster extracts can enhance organism hematopoietic function and circulatory sys- tem functions, as well as increase empowerment of organisms in the movement.

  8. 亚临床酮病奶牛血液生化指标的测定%Determination of Blood Biochemical Indexes in Dairy Cows with Subclinical Ketosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王银龙; 贺志锐; 刘强; 赛务加甫

    2014-01-01

    检测荷斯坦奶牛亚临床酮病血清中的生化指标,研究新疆亚临床酮病奶牛血液中生化指标的特点。选择产后1 d~15 d的荷斯坦亚临床酮病奶牛,通过应用自动生化分析仪、紫外分光光度计和酶联免疫分析法测定血清中BHBA、NEFA、GLU、BUN、TP、ALB、AST、ALT、TBI、TG、CT含量。结果表明,血清中GLU、ALB、CT的含量极显著低于对照组水平(P<0.01);血清中 BHBA、BUN、NEFA、TG、AST 和ALT含量极显著高于对照组水平(P<0.01);血清中 TP显著低于对照组水平(P<0.05)。血清中 TBI显著高于对照组水平(P<0.05)。由此提示,血清中各生化指标的含量均高于报道水平,可将血清中 BHBA的含量1.40 mmol/L作为诊断亚临床酮病的标准。血清中 GLU 、TG、NEFA等的含量可作为诊断亚临床酮病的辅助参考指标。%Through detecting the biochemical indexes in the serum of Holstein cows with subclinical keto-sis,we studyed the characteristics of biochemical indexes in the serum of Holstein cows with subclinical ke-tosis in Xin Jiang.The 1-15 d postpartum Holstein cows with subclinical ketosis were used.Through the application of automatic biochemical analyzer,UV spectrophotometer and enzyme-linked immunosorbent to assay the contents of BHBA,NEFA,GLU,BUN,TP,ALB,AST,ALT,TBI,TG,CT in serum.Test re-sults showed that the contents of GLU,ALB,CT in serum were significantly lower than that in the control group(P<0.01);the contents of BHBA,BUN,NEFA,TG,AST and ALT were significantly higher than that in the control group(P<0.01);the content of TP was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05);the content of TBI higher than the control group level(P<0.05).These results indicated that the serum biochemical indexes were higher than that in reported levels,thus,serum BHBA can be content 1 .40 mmol/L as the diagnostic criterion of subclinical ketosis.And serum GLU,TG,NEFA and other contents can

  9. The Blood Biochemical Value Change of 20 Patients with Myocardial Infarction after Death%心肌梗死患者20例死后血液生化值变化的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙进广; 林祥立; 郭雪美; 瞿勇强

    2011-01-01

    Objective Through inspecting the changes of four blood biochemical indexes (lactate dehydrogenase, muscle protein, creatine phosphokinase, creatine phosphokinase isozyme) in blood of 20 myocardial infarction deathes to obtain the data of biochemical value change, to explore the Forensic significance of change rule after death in diagnosis myocardial infarction and identification of the cause of death.Methods We took subclavian vein blood 10 mL from 20 diagnosed myocardial infarction in different time after the death.The 20 cases were taked from the judicial authentication center of Kunming Medical University.The blood samples were centrifuged for 5 minutes at 3, 000 r/min to seperste blood visible part.The plasma was tested by automatic blood biochemical analyzer.The organs and tissues in Autopsy were fixed with 10% formalin liquid,and stained by under hematoxylin-eosin stain (HE) dyeing to observe pathological morphology change under microscope.Results With the death time extend, the activities of Lactate dehydrogenase, muscle calcium protein, creatine phosphokinase, creatine phosphokinase isozyme increased gradually, they were significant different from traffic accident death group.Conclusion The increased activities of Lactate dehydrogenase,muscle calcium protein, creatine phosphokinase, creatine phosphokinase isozyme is helpful for myocardial infarction diagnosis and the cause of death identification.%目的 通过检测20例心肌梗死患者死后血液中乳酸脱氢酶、肌钙蛋白、肌酸磷酸激酶、肌酸磷酸激酶同工酶四个血液生化指标值的变化,获得生化值改变的数据资料,探索其死后变化规律和用于诊断生前心肌梗死及鉴定死亡原因的法医学意义.方法 采取昆明医学院司法鉴定中2009年至2010年间20例确诊心肌梗死死者死后不同时间锁骨下静脉血10 mL,血样低温高速离心机3 000 r/min 5min分离血液有形成分,其血浆经全自动血液生化仪检

  10. [b][/b]Impact of copper (Cu at the dose of 50 mg on haematological and biochemical blood parameters in turkeys, and level of Cu accumulation in the selected tissues as a source of information on product safety for consumers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogusław Makarski

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The current state-of the art points to a positive impact of copper (Cu supplements on the general health status in poultry. Copper induces beneficial changes in the haematological and biochemical blood parameters. It also displays immunostimulating properties and helps maintain a proper microbiological balance in the digestive tract. [b]Objective[/b]. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of Cu at the dose of 50 mg/kg BW, administered in organic and inorganic form, on the haematological and biochemical blood parameters and level of Cu bioaccumulation in the liver and pectoral muscle. [b]Materials and method[/b]. The study was carried out on 45 BUT-9 turkeys which had been were reared for 16 weeks. They were divided into 3 experimental groups: I – the control group; II – fed with CuSO[sub]4[/sub] at the dose of 50 mg Cu•dm [sup]-3 [/sup]H[sub]2[/sub]O; III – received a Cu chelate with lysine at the same dose. [b]Results[/b]. The administration of Cu at the dose exceeding the nutritional recommendations did not induce beneficial changes in the examined birds. This indicates that it is not necessary to administer Cu doses higher than the recommended levels. The extent of Cu accumulation in the pectoral muscle increased by 40% compared to the control group, whereas in the liver it was higher by 30–35% than in the birds without Cu administration. The level of Cu in tissues does not pose a risk to consumers. [b]Conclusions[/b]. The supplementation of Cu at the dose of 50 mg has a negative impact on the level of the analyzed parameters. The results of the presented study indicate that the administered Cu dose exceeds birds’ demand for this element.

  11. Protective Effects of Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid in Lead Acetate Exposed Diabetic Male Rats: Evaluation of Blood Biochemical Parameters and Testicular Histopathology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza AYOUBI

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of vitamin C against lead toxicity by measuring the blood parameters and studying histopathology of testis in diabetic male rats. Wister rats (42 were randomly assigned into7 groups: I healthy; II fed lead acetate only; III vitamin C administered only; IV diabetic; V diabetic rats administered by vitamin C; VI diabetic rats given lead acetate and VII diabetic rats received lead acetate and vitamin C. The diabetic and lead groups had higher glucose, cholesterol, LDL, triglycerides and lower insulin and HDL concentration than the control group. It was found that vitamin C administration led to a lower level of blood glucose, cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides and higher HDL concentration in diabetic rats significantly. It was concluded that the antioxidant property of vitamin C resulted in reducing the oxidative stress complications of toxic levels of lead acetate in diabetic rats.

  12. Effect of the incorporation of date pits and orange pulp in rations composed of wheat straw and concentrate on the blood biochemical parameters of Ouled Djellal breeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Lakhdara

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Twenty four lambs of Ouled Djellal breeding from the region of Constantine, Algeria, were assigned randomly into 4 groups, the mean initial weights within the groups, ranged between 37.6±4.27 and 39.8±5.41 kg, to investigate the effect of the incorporation of two by-products of food industry, fresh orange pulp, ground date pits in rations composed of wheat straw as roughage, and concentrate as supplement. Four feeding groups were formed, the first group (T1 was fed with wheat straw and concentrate (60%/40%, the second group (T2 with wheat straw and orange pulp (60%/40%, for group 3 and 4 (T3-T4, the diet consisted on a mixture of 60% wheat straw and date pits at a ratio of (80 to 20% as a roughage in addition to 40% orange pulp for T3 and 40% concentrate for T4. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein before morning feeding. Values of animal's plasma levels of Ca, glucose, proteins and urea were measured using a UV spectrophotometer. There was no significant difference in all the diets for Ca value, Ca values varied between 8.37 and 10.74 mg/Dl. T4 showed the highest value. Glucose blood content was similar for all the animals with no significant differences. While a very significant difference <0.001 was observed in blood proteins level in T3 and T4 comparing to the other groups. When date pits were incorporated in the diet containing wheat straw and concentrate, a very significant difference on urea blood content of lambs was observed (P<0.001.

  13. The suitability of some blood gas and biochemical parameters as diagnostic tools or early indicators of ascites syndrome in broiler sire lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasanpur, K; Nassiri, M R; Hosseini Salekdeh, G; Vaez Torshizi, R; Pakdel, A; Kermanshahi, H; Naghous, M

    2016-06-01

    In recent few years, there have been some attempts to find a reliable indicator trait as a selection criterion against susceptibility to ascites syndrome (AS). Blood parameters were of great interest as they could be measured in live animals without implementing an ascites-inducing challenge (AIC). In this work, the suitability of some blood parameters was evaluated for diagnosing AS-susceptible chicks in later steps of the disease in trial 1 as well as their early predictive ability in trial 2. In the first trial, one hundred 1-day-old chicks from two pure broiler lines namely S1 and S2 and, in the second trial, 226 1-day-old chicks from line S2 were subjected to AIC. Saline drinking water (1200 mg/l) and lower-than-standard ambient temperatures were the implemented AICs in trials 1 and 2 respectively. The blood parameters including pH, partial pressure of O2 (pO2 ), partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2 ), bicarbonate ion concentration (BIC), percentage of haematocrit (HCT) and saturated haemoglobin (SaO2 ) were measured twice per each bird at days 28 and 35 in trial 1 and once in trial 2 at day 21. The results of the first trial revealed that in line S2 some of the blood parameters differed significantly between the ascitic and non-ascitic groups following exposure to AIC. In this line, the incidence of AS was accompanied by a lower pO2 , SaO2 and BIC, while with higher pCO2 and HCT values. In the second trial, however, although almost all of the parameters showed meaningful differences between the ascitic and non-ascitic broilers, only mean difference of BIC parameter was statistically significant. The general conclusion of this study is that the blood parameters can somewhat have diagnostic ability in the condition in which the AIC is already present, whereas the results did not approve their usefulness as early predictors of AS. PMID:26608233

  14. 波纹唇鱼血细胞显微结构和血液生化指标%Microstructure of Peripheral Blood Cell and Serum Biochemical Indices of Cheilinus undulatus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖光勇; 区又君; 李加儿

    2011-01-01

    以Wright's和Giemsa双重染色法对波纹唇鱼(Cheilinus undulatus)外周血细胞的形态进行显微观察研究并计数,同时测定各类血细胞的大小及血液的生化指标.血涂片观察发现:波纹唇鱼的外周血细胞可区分出红细胞、嗜中性粒细胞、单核细胞、淋巴细胞、血栓细胞等五种血细胞,未观察到嗜碱性粒细胞、嗜酸性粒细胞.在外周血液中还观察到核影、正在分裂的红细胞、幼稚红细胞和降解的红细胞.各类血细胞胞体由大到小的次序依次为单核细胞、嗜中性粒细胞、红细胞、大淋巴细胞、血栓细胞、小淋巴细胞.血浆中红细胞为(3.15±0.79)×1012/L,白细胞为(1.42±0.71)×1010/L,红细胞数远远多于白细胞.血液生化指标与其他鱼类相比有一定差异,表明鱼类血液的生化成分因种和生活环境而异.%The microscopic observation and count are conducted for the peripheral blood cells of C. Undula-tus by means of the Wright's and Giemsa double dye method. The serum biochemical indices of C. Undula-tus , the sizes of the various blood cells are determined. From the stained smears, five blood cell types I. E. Erythrocyte, neutrophil, monocyte, lymphocyte and thrombocyte are detected. Neither eosinophilic granu-locyten nor basophilic granulocyte is found but, some nuclear shadow of erythrocytes, immature erythro-cytes, direct dividing or dissolving erythrocytes. Among these cells, the sizes are put into an order from large to small as follows monocyte, neutrophil, erythrocyte, large lymphocyte, thrombocyte and small lymphlcyte. The erythrocyte and leucocyte concentrations in the blood are (3. 15 ±0. 79) × 1012/L and (1. 42 + 0. 71) × 1010/L respectively. The number of erythrocyte is much more than the leucocyte in the blood. The serum biochemical indices are different from other fish species. Therefore it is indicated that the serum biochemical indices for various fishes depend upon their species and

  15. Effect of graded physical load on the state of the liver from morphometric data and biochemical blood indices of rats against a background of hypokinesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikityuk, B. A.; Kogan, B. I.; Yermolyev, V. A.; Tindare, L. V.

    1980-01-01

    Tests were conducted on 100 sexually immature inbred August and Wistar male rats in order to determine the effects hypokinesia, physical load and phenamine on the liver. Weight and linear dimension fell in hypokinesia; total serum protein lowered and aldolase and cholesterol and beta-lipoprotein levels rose. Blood sugar content rose and liver glycogen fell. Interlinear differences of these indices are found. Rehabilitated physical loading against hypokinesia background diminished and at times completely prevented its negative effect. Extent of correction depended on animal species. Evidence of genotypical conditionality of organism adaptation to physical load in hypokinesia was found.

  16. The Potential Biochemical Diagnosis Criteria and Therapeutic Effect Indexes: Sex Hormone Binding Globulin Levels and Free Androgen Index in Blood of Patients With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-02

    The Investigators Collected 534 PCOS Patients as the Case Group,and 580 Infertile Women With Normal Ovulatory Cycle of the Control Group;; At the Same Time, the Investigators Continuedly Collect Cases to October 2012, and Totally Collected 579 Patients With PCOS Altogether;; 534 Patients in the Cases Group and 580 Women in the Control Group Received no Measures, While 579 Patients Received Drugs;; The Investigators Monitored Basic Indexes in Blood of All the Subjects in This Suvey,and Also Monitored Indexes of 579 Patients After Treatment.

  17. Stability of 35 biochemical and immunological routine tests after 10 hours storage and transport of human whole blood at 21°C

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Linda O; Faber, Nina R; Moller, Mette F;

    2014-01-01

    thyroxine, immunoglobulin A, immunoglobulin M, orosomucoid, sodium, transferrin, and triglycerides met goals for imprecision, though they showed a minor, but statistically significant bias in results after storage. Cobalamin, folate, HDL-cholesterol, iron, phosphate, potassium, thyroid stimulating hormone...... and urate warranted concern, but only folate and phosphate showed deviations of clinical importance. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that whole blood in lithium-heparin or serum tubes stored for 10 h at 21 ± 1°C, may be used for routine analysis without restrictions for all investigated analytes but folate...... and phosphate....

  18. The effects of different levels of Chlorella microalgae on blood biochemical parameters and trace mineral concentrations of laying hens reared under heat stress condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moradi kor, Nasroallah; Akbari, Mohsen; Olfati, Ali

    2016-05-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the effect of different supplementation levels of Chlorella microalgae on serum metabolites and the plasma content of minerals in laying hens reared under heat stress condition (27.5-36.7 °C, variable). A total number of 378 (40 weeks of age, with mean body weight of 1390 ± 120 g) were randomly allocated to six treatments with seven replicates. The birds were randomly assigned to 6 treatments (C, T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5) with 7 replicate cages of 9 birds. C. microalgae at the rates of 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 ppm with water were offered to groups T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5, respectively, while group C served as a control. At 71 days of trial, blood samples (14 samples per treatment) were taken for measuring serum metabolites and at 72 days for plasma mineral analysis. The results of this experiment showed that the supplementation of 200-500 ppm C. microalgae decreased the serum content of cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL ( P blood parameters of laying hens reared under heat stress.

  19. The Correlation study on the production performance and blood biochemical parameters of Big bone chicken%大骨鸡血液生化指标与生产性能的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宁; 郭丹; 门德才

    2014-01-01

    本研究利用3个血液酶活性标记对庄河大骨鸡的血液生化指标多态性进行研究,并与大骨鸡的产肉性能和产蛋性能进行相关性分析,筛选出用于大骨鸡产肉性能的优势遗传标记2个,产蛋性能的优势遗传标记1个,产蛋产肉兼用的优势遗传标记1个。%In this study, the polymorphism of blood biochemical indexes was investigated by the activities of three blood enzyme in the Zhuanghe bone chicken, and the correlation analysis be-tween meat and egg production performances were conducted in order to screen for two advantageous genetic markers of meat production and one advantageous genetic marker of egg production, one ad-vantageous genetic marker of both meat and egg production marker.

  20. 便携式血糖仪与全自动生化分析仪测定血糖的比对分析%Blood Glucose Test: A Comparison Study between Portable Glucometer and Automatic Biochemical Analyzer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏; 刘群

    2012-01-01

      Objective To verify the consistency of the blood glucose test results among laboratories, by performing the comparison study between the portable glucometers in the clinical departments and the automatic biochemical analyzer in the clinical laboratory. Methods The comparison of the blood glucose test results from 12 sets of Johnson SureStep glucometers(Glucose Oxidase Method) and Hitach 7080 automatic biochemical analyzer(Hexose Kinase Method) for 50 specimens of low, middle and high blood glucose levels was performed. The difference of each level from each glucometers was analyzed. Results The difference from No. 12 Johnson SureStep glucometer was out of the limit: ± 0.83mmol/L at the extremely low level of less than 2.8mmol/L; and the relative deviation was more than 20% for 4 specimens at middle and high levels(≥4.2mmol/L), and it was deemed unacceptable. The difference from other 11 sets of Johnson SureStep glucometers fall in between -0.63mmol/L and 0.66mmol/L at low level(20%,判为不合格.其余11台血糖仪测定低水平(<4.2mmol/L)血糖标本偏差介于-0.63~0.66mmol/L,中、高水平(≥4.2mmol/L)时,相对偏差为-16.2%~15.8%,且与全自动生化分析仪检测血浆结果有良好的相关性(r 2≥0.950).结论便携式血糖仪检测与生化分析仪检测血糖结果一致性较好,检测结果可靠,但应做好便携血糖仪室内质控及每半年与检验科的比对.

  1. Hematological and serum biochemical profile of apparently healthy hariana cattle heifers in northern India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahima; Singh, Krishna Veer; Verma, Amit Kumar; Kumar, Vinod; Singh, Shanker Kumar; Roy, Debashis

    2013-11-01

    The 'Hariana' breed of cattle has been proved to be highly adaptable to harsh climatic conditions and resistant to common diseases prevalent in India. In this study, the normal reference values of hematological and serum proteins and other blood biochemical parameters were determined in the heifers of Hariana breed maintained at Instructional livestock farm complex, DUVASU, Mathura, India. A total of twenty four animals were used in this study. Blood was taken aseptically from all the animals and transported to laboratory for hematological and biochemical analysis. The hematological parameters (Hemoglobin, total erythrocyte count, total leukocyte count, packed cell volume) and biochemical parameters (Total protein, total albumin, albumin globulin ratio, urea, creatinine, calcium, phosphorous, calcium phosphorous ratio, AST, ALT) values were statistically analyzed, mean and standard deviations were calculated and set as reference values. This study reported hematological and serum biochemical values which could serve as baseline information for comparison in conditions of nutrient deficiency, physiological and health status of Hariana cattle heifers in India.

  2. The effects of different levels of Chlorella microalgae on blood biochemical parameters and trace mineral concentrations of laying hens reared under heat stress condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moradi kor, Nasroallah; Akbari, Mohsen; Olfati, Ali

    2016-05-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the effect of different supplementation levels of Chlorella microalgae on serum metabolites and the plasma content of minerals in laying hens reared under heat stress condition (27.5-36.7 °C, variable). A total number of 378 (40 weeks of age, with mean body weight of 1390 ± 120 g) were randomly allocated to six treatments with seven replicates. The birds were randomly assigned to 6 treatments (C, T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5) with 7 replicate cages of 9 birds. C. microalgae at the rates of 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 ppm with water were offered to groups T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5, respectively, while group C served as a control. At 71 days of trial, blood samples (14 samples per treatment) were taken for measuring serum metabolites and at 72 days for plasma mineral analysis. The results of this experiment showed that the supplementation of 200-500 ppm C. microalgae decreased the serum content of cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL ( P < 0.05) whereas HDL content increased ( P < 0.05) in the hens supplemented with C. microalgae (300 or 400 and 500 ppm). C. microalgae at rates of 300-500 ppm caused a marked ( P < 0.05) increase in the plasma content of manganese or iodine and selenium but other minerals were not statistically different among treatments. Overall, from the results of the present experiment, it can be concluded that supplementation of C. microalgae at high rates was beneficial on blood parameters of laying hens reared under heat stress.

  3. Effects of exposure to three environmental chemicals on the selected biochemical parameters of the blood plasma of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Řehulka Jiří

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss at a weight of 115 ± 24 g (mean ± SD were experimentally injected with di(2-ethylhexylphthalate (DEHP, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxine (TCDD and gamma isomer of hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH to evaluate nitrogen metabolism (total protein [TP], blood urea nitrogen, uric acid [UA], creatinine, carbohydrate metabolism (glucose, mineral metabolism (inorganic phosphate[P], total calcium [Cat], and catalytic activity of enzymes (alanine aminotransferase [ALT], aspartate aminotransferase [AST], alkaline phosphatase [ALP], lactate dehydrogenase [LD]. After 21 days, the tested xenobiotics, administered by the intraperitoneally route, caused the following effect: in comparison with negative controls, fish injected with DEHP at concentrations of 200 or 50 mg kg-1 of body weight were found to have a higher level of P and lower level of Cat and decreased catalytic concentrations of ALT, AST, ALP and LD in the plasma of the peripheral blood. A higher level of TP and P and a decreased catalytic concentration of ALT were found when TCDD was administered at a dose of 2 μg kg-1. A decrease in the catalytic concentrations of ALT and ALP occurred in fish injected with γ-HCH in a dose of 50 mg kg-1. UA and P levels were decreased in fish injected with γ-HCH in a dose of 5 mg kg-1. DEHP and TCDD caused neutrophilic leucocytosis with a marked left shift. Both concentrations of γ-HCH led to an increase in polychromatophilic erythrocytes. The frequency of micronuclei varied in all experimental groups, including the controls, ranging between 0.8 and 2.1 ‰. Histological examination in fish injected with DEHP at a concentration of 200 mg kg-1 revealed eosinophilic droplets in the epithelium of renal tubules and histological examination in fish injected with γ-HCH at a higher concentration revealed an increased activation of sinusoidal cells in the liver, a fibrous thickening of bile duct walls, bile duct hyperplasia and a

  4. BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERISTICS OF LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES ISOLATES FROM A PROSTHETIC MITRAL HEART VALVE-BEARING PATIENT´S BLOOD CULTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilma Cintra Lea

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: In Brazil, listeriosis is not a notifiable disease; thus, the incidence of Brazilian cases remains unknown. Listeria monocytogenes is not always included in automated systems, and its detection depends on the high skill level of microbiology laboratory professionals. This paper describes the characteristics of L. monocytogenes isolates fortuitously obtained from an endocarditis case in Recife, PE, Brazil. Methods: Six bacterial isolates obtained from six blood cultures from a 28-year-old male bearing a prosthetic mitral heart valve were analyzed by PCR using primers specific of L. monocytogenes to confirm a presumptive identification, determine the serotype and presence of the virulence genes (inlA, inlB, inlC, inlJ, hly, plcA, actA, prfA in an attempt to determine the Listeria genotype by PCR-ribotyping. Results: The samples were identified as L. monocytogenes 4b. All investigated virulence genes were amplified by PCR, and the identity of the amplified segments was confirmed by sequencing. A deletion of 105 base pairs was detected in the actA gene. All of the samples generated the same PCR-ribotype pattern, clustered into a single ribotype, and were considered a single strain. Conclusion: L. monocytogenes infection should be considered in endocarditis differential diagnoses, especially among high-risk groups, due to its high pathogenicity and the environmental ubiquity.

  5. Biochemical and molecular characteristics of Listeria monocytogenes isolates from a prosthetic mitral heart valve-bearing patient´s blood cultures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilma Cintra Leal

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: In Brazil, listeriosis is not a notifiable disease; thus, the incidence of Brazilian cases remains unknown. Listeria monocytogenes is not always included in automated systems, and its detection depends on the high skill level of microbiology laboratory professionals. This paper describes the characteristics of L. monocytogenes isolates fortuitously obtained from an endocarditis case in Recife, PE, Brazil. Methods: Six bacterial isolates obtained from six blood cultures from a 28-year-old male bearing a prosthetic mitral heart valve were analyzed by PCR using primers specific of L. monocytogenes to confirm a presumptive identification, determine the serotype and presence of the virulence genes (inlA, inlB, inlC, inlJ, hly, plcA, actA, prfA in an attempt to determine the Listeria genotype by PCR-ribotyping. Results: The samples were identified as L. monocytogenes 4b. All investigated virulence genes were amplified by PCR, and the identity of the amplified segments was confirmed by sequencing. A deletion of 105 base pairs was detected in the actA gene. All of the samples generated the same PCR-ribotype pattern, clustered into a single ribotype, and were considered a single strain. Conclusion: L. monocytogenes infection should be considered in endocarditis differential diagnoses, especially among high-risk groups, due to its high pathogenicity and the environmental ubiquity.

  6. Whole blood transcriptomics and urinary metabolomics to define adaptive biochemical pathways of high-intensity exercise in 50-60 year old masters athletes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamalika Mukherjee

    Full Text Available Exercise is beneficial for a variety of age-related disorders. However, the molecular mechanisms mediating the beneficial adaptations to exercise in older adults are not well understood. The aim of the current study was to utilize a dual approach to characterize the genetic and metabolic adaptive pathways altered by exercise in veteran athletes and age-matched untrained individuals. Two groups of 50-60 year old males: competitive cyclists (athletes, n = 9; VO2peak 59.1±5.2 ml·kg(-1·min(-1; peak aerobic power 383±39 W and untrained, minimally active individuals (controls, n = 8; VO2peak 35.9±9.7 ml·kg(-1·min(-1; peak aerobic power 230±57 W were examined. All participants completed an acute bout of submaximal endurance exercise, and blood and urine samples pre- and post-exercise were analyzed for gene expression and metabolic changes utilizing genome-wide DNA microarray analysis and NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomics, respectively. Our results indicate distinct differences in gene and metabolite expression involving energy metabolism, lipids, insulin signaling and cardiovascular function between the two groups. These findings may lead to new insights into beneficial signaling pathways of healthy aging and help identify surrogate markers for monitoring exercise and training load.

  7. CORRECTION OF ENDOTHELIAL FUNCTION OF MICROCIRCULATION DISTURBANCE, BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS, STANDARDS OF EFFICIENCY, AUTONOMIC AND PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL STATUS IN YOUNG ATHLETES WITH APIFITOPRODUKTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. N. Kim

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The function of endothelium of microcirculation vessels, vegetative and psychoemotional status, lipid spectrum and physical efficiency in 43 young sportsmen are corrected with the aid of Tentorium api-phyto products (APP.The following tests were conducted: samples of reactive hyperemia and hyperventilation, ultrasound investigation of brachial artery, determination of performance efficiency, total cholesterin, triglycerides, cortisol, red cells, vegetative and psychoemotional status by the Spielberger’s test and SAN test, as well as biomicroscopy of sclera. To relief the psychophysical stress, improve the endothelium function and performance efficiency, the sportsmen received APP as a food additive.After the reception of APP, the lipid and cortisol levels decreased markedly, and the level of red cells increased. The aerobic capacity increased. The recovery time after exercise shortened. The vegetative stress level decreased significantly, and the psychoemotional status improved. The endothelium dysfunction removed.It is shown that APP is a new method of prophylaxis of sudden death in sport, in people with blood circulation pathology, creative professionals, and businessmen.

  8. 圈养南非海狮血液生理生化指标初探%A Preliminary Survey of Main Physiological and Biochemical Indice of Blood in Captive South African Sea Lions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄淑芳; 胡新波; 江志

    2012-01-01

    南非海狮是目前国内外动物园、水族馆中饲养比较普遍的动物,但经常出现一些细菌性、病毒性和寄生虫等疾病,在海狮健康状况监测和疾病诊断中需要有生理生化指标正常值作为参考。但目前南非海狮的正常生理生化指标报道较少。杭州动物园先后对6只成年南非海狮进行采血,共收集20个(12雄8雌)血液常规样本测定了15项主要生理指标和6个(4雄2雌)血清生化标本对18项主要生化指标进行检测。在测定项目中WBC、RBC、MCH、MCV、RDW、HCT、MPV、PCT、ALT、TP、ALB、TBIL、GLU、Ca2+、Pi、Mg2+、K+、Na+测定值个体间差异不大,而HGB、MCHC、PLT、GGT、ALP、Cr、UA测定值个体间差异较大。在血液常规指标中只有HGB和Lymph(%)雌雄间的差异显著(P〈0.05)。WBC、HGB、PIJT的测定值与斑海豹报道的参考值比较接近,红细胞大小、MCV与人的参考值较接近。这些指标的测定对于海狮的健康状况监测和疾病诊断等工作都将有一定的参考价值。%South African sea lion (Arctocephalus pusillus) is commonly raised in zoos and aquariums around the world. Captive sea lions are often infected by bacterial, viral and parasitic pathogens. Health monitoring and diagnoses are re- quired to reference normal blood physiological and biochemical indexes. However, such indexes are rarely reported. We took 20 blood samples from 6 adult African sea lions in Hangzhou Zoo, 12 from males and 8 from females. We quantified 15 main physiological indexes and 6 (4 male and 2 female) serum biochemical samples using 18 main biochemical indicators. WBC, RBC, MCH, MCV, RDW, HCT, MPV, PCT, ALT, TP, ALB, TBIL, GLU, Ca2+ , Pi, Mg2+ , K+ and Na+ showed very slight variation between individuals, while HGB, MCHC, PLT, GGT, ALP, Cr, UA varied greatly between individuals. HGB and Lymph ( % ) showed significant differences ( P 〈 0. 05 ) between male and female. The

  9. Effect of traditional Chinese medicine on production performance and blood biochemical indies of peripartum dairy cows%中药对围产期奶牛生产性能及血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕建存; 周帮会

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the effect of traditional Chinese medicine on the production performance and blood biochemical indies of peripartum healthy cows, 90 head healthy Dutch Stan perinatal dairy cows were randomly divided into three groups with 30 cows each after clinical examination according to the principle of close age, parity and due date. Group A were given the traditional Chinese medicine Jiaweisijunzisan (400 g/d) 15 d before delivery for five days, then were given Yimush-enghuasan (400 g/d)on the delivery day for two days. Group B were only given Yimushenghuasan on the delivery day for two days. Group C were the control ( no medicine throughout the experiment). The dry matter intake, daily milk yield, milk ingredients and blood biochemical indies were measured. Compared with the control group C, dry matter intake of group A dairy cows was increased by 10% (P<0. 05 ) , the average daily milk yield was enhanced by 10% ( P<0. 05 ) , the content of serum triglyceride was reduced significantly (P<0. 05 ) , and the contents of serum glucose, total serum protein and serum calcium were maintained high level ( P<0. 05). Results indicated that prenatal or postnatal traditional Chinese medicine application to dairy cows improved blood biochemical indexes effectively and benefited production performance of postnatal cows.%为探明中药对围产期健康奶牛生产性能及血液生化指标的影响,选临床检查健康的围产期荷斯坦奶牛90头,按年龄、胎次和预产期相近的原则随机平均分成A、B、C3组,A组:于预产期前15 d喂服中药加味四君子散(每头400 g/d),连用5d,分娩后当天喂服益母生化散(每头400 g/d),连用2 d;B组:产前不喂服中药,分娩后当天喂服益母生化散(每头400 g/d)),连用2 d;C组为对照组,产前、产后均不喂服中药.各组奶牛分别测定干物质摄入量、日产奶量、乳成分及血液生化指标.结果显示:与对照组相比,A组奶牛干物质采食量增加10

  10. Rationing with baselines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave

    2013-01-01

    We introduce a new operator for general rationing problems in which, besides conflicting claims, individual baselines play an important role in the rationing process. The operator builds onto ideas of composition, which are not only frequent in rationing, but also in related problems...... such as bargaining, choice, and queuing. We characterize the operator and show how it preserves some standard axioms in the literature on rationing. We also relate it to recent contributions in such literature....

  11. The TDAQ Baseline Architecture

    CERN Multimedia

    Wickens, F J

    The Trigger-DAQ community is currently busy preparing material for the DAQ, HLT and DCS TDR. Over the last few weeks a very important step has been a series of meetings to complete agreement on the baseline architecture. An overview of the architecture indicating some of the main parameters is shown in figure 1. As reported at the ATLAS Plenary during the February ATLAS week, the main area where the baseline had not yet been agreed was around the Read-Out System (ROS) and details in the DataFlow. The agreed architecture has: Read-Out Links (ROLs) from the RODs using S-Link; Read-Out Buffers (ROB) sited near the RODs, mounted in a chassis - today assumed to be a PC, using PCI bus at least for configuration, control and monitoring. The baseline assumes data aggregation, in the ROB and/or at the output (which could either be over a bus or in the network). Optimization of the data aggregation will be made in the coming months, but the current model has each ROB card receiving input from 4 ROLs, and 3 such c...

  12. Comparison of blood glucose test results between point-of-care testing glucose meter and biochemical analyzer%POCT血糖仪与生化分析仪血糖检测结果的比对试验及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘加红

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore precision and accuracy of point-of-care testing(POCT) blood glucose meter through comparing blood glucose results between POCT glucose meter and biochemical analyzer. Methods Selected 4 sets of POCT glucose meter to detect the same sample and compared blood glucose results between Beckman CX-9 biochemical analyzer and POCT blood glucose meter. Results Measured results of Beckman CX-9 biochemical analyzer and POCT glucose meter were highly correlated(P>0.05), differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion POCT blood glucose meter is a consistent and convenient detection method for measuring blood glucose results as biochemical analyzer, so it is worthy of clinical promotion and application.%目的对比床旁检测(POCT)血糖仪与生化分析仪对血糖测定的结果,对POCT血糖仪的精密度与准确度进行探讨。方法选用4台POCT血糖仪对同一标本进行测定,并比较贝克曼CX-9生化分析仪与POCT血糖仪的测定结果。结果贝克曼CX-9生化分析仪与POCT血糖仪的测定结果高度相关(P>0.05),差异不具有统计学意义。结论 POCT血糖仪与生化分析仪对血糖的测定结果具有一致性,且方便快捷,可作为急诊的检测方法,值得在临床过程中推广、应用。

  13. Blood gas and blood biochemical parameter change on the correlation analysis of early diagnosis of pulmonary edema%血气及血生化参数改变对肺水肿早期诊断的相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭大敏; 劳程强; 曾灶英

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨血气以及血生化参数的改变对肺水肿早期诊断的相关意义,为肺水肿的及时确诊和治疗提供一定的理论依据。方法从2013年2月~2014年7月我院收治的肺水肿患者中选取34例作为观察组,同期选择34例健康志愿者作为对照组,分别检测观察组以及对照组的血常规、血气以及血生化指标,并对两个实验组的各项指标进行比较分析。结果观察组的白细胞计数(WBC)明显高于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。通过对比两个实验组的血气指标结果发现,观察组的pH值、PaO2、PaCO2、SaO2、以及FiO2/PaO2均显著低于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。而观察组和对照组的血生化指标情况除在K+上存在较为明显差异之外,其余Na+、Cl-、BUN(尿素氮)以及GLU(血糖)差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论肺水肿患者在早期出现白细胞计数明显增加以及低氧血症持续性进行性加重,加强血常规及血气指标的检测,有利于肺水肿的早期诊断和治疗。%ObjectiveTo investigate the blood gas and blood biochemical parameters related to the change of early diagnosis of pulmonary edema, provides certain theory basis for timely diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary edema.MethodsPulmonary edema patients were randomly selected in our hospital from February 2013 to July 2014, 34 cases as the observation group, select the same period 34 cases of healthy volunteers as control group, the observation group and the control group were detected in the blood routine test, blood gas and blood biochemical index, and the indicators of the two experimental groups were compared and analyzed.Results The white blood cell count (WBC) in the observation group were significantly higher than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P0.05).Conclusion Patients with pulmonary edema appeared white blood cell count

  14. 分级检验方法学在血脂生化检验中的应用%Application discussion of grading test methodology in the blood lipid biochemical test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈桂明; 罗富银; 赵芳

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨分级检验方法学在血脂生化检验中的应用效果。方法:收治体检人群97例,抽取患者空腹血液,分别采用传统拉网式检验和分级检验,对患者胆固醇、甘油三酯等血脂指标进行检查,并将结果进行比较。结果:分级检测的低密度脂蛋白固醇、载脂蛋白A、载脂蛋白B的阳性率明显高于拉网式检测(P<0.05)。97例病例中,有2例低密度脂蛋白胆固醇阳性漏检病例,漏检率2.1%。结论:分级检验准确性较高、操作简便,更适合应用在临床中。%Objective:To explore the application effect of grading test methodology in the blood lipid biochemical test.Methods:97 cases of physical examination people were selected.The fasting blood of patients were extracted.They were respectively given traditional trawl test and grading test.The cholesterol,triglycerides and other blood fat indexes of patients were examined.The results were compared.Results:The positive rates of low density lipoprotein cholesterol,apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein B of grading test were significantly higher than those of the trawl test(P<0.05).In 97 cases,2 cases were low density lipoprotein cholesterol positive missing cases,and the missing rate was 2.1% .Conclusion:The grading test has higher accuracy,simple operation.It is more suitable for application in clinical.

  15. Correlation analysis on results of blood sugar tested by terumo glucome-ter and Hitachi 7180 biochemical analyzer%泰尔茂血糖仪与日立7180生化分析仪检测血糖结果相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘斌; 刘伟红; 康玉国

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare and analyze the results of patients' blood sugar value tested by Terumo glucometer and Hitachi 7180 biochemical analyzer, and to analyze their correlation. Methods Fifty blood samples with different blood sugar values. Terumo glucometer was used to test blood sugar for three times and an average value was calculat-ed;full-automatic Hitachi 7180 biochemical analyzer was used to test blood sugar for three times by serum centrifuga-tion of 3000 rpm, and an average value was calculated. SPSS software was used for analysis. Results Precision of Teru-mo glucometer CV% was less than 5%, and the relative bias accorded with related requirements. Compared with the test results by Hitachi 7180 full-automatic biochemical analyzer, results of blood sugar by Terumo glucometer were all within the allowed range. Standard deviation of sample average of 50 samples tested by Terumo glucometer was (7.51±0.69), and the standard deviation of sample average of samples tested by Hitachi 7180 biochemical analyzer was (7.37±0.66). Results of blood sugar tested by Terumo glucometer and Hitachi 7180 biochemical analyzer were not statistically different (t=0.15, P>0.05); correlation coefficient R2 of Terumo glucometer and Hitachi 7180 biochemical analyzer was 0.9739. Conclusion Correlation between glucometer and full-automatic biochemical analyzer in testing blood sugar is favorable, which can be used for blood sugar testing for diabetic patients, but the blood sugar value tested by biochemi-cal analyzer must be taken as diagnostic basis.%目的:对我院在用的泰尔茂血糖测定仪检测患者血糖结果与全自动日立7180生化仪检测血糖值分析比较,分析其相关性。方法采用血糖值不同的50份血液标本,使用泰尔茂血糖测定仪测3次,取均值;3000转/min离心取血清在全自动日立7180生化分析仪上测定3次,取均值,用SPSS软件进行分析。结果泰尔茂血糖测定仪检测精密度CV%小于5%,

  16. Detection of IgM antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in blood samples absorbed onto filter paper, in order to assess a baseline for the occurence of congenital toxoplasma infections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Conyn-van Spaendonck MAE; van Knapen F

    1990-01-01

    This report deals in the first place with some investigations on the utility of blood samples absorbed onto filter paper for determination of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii. Secondly, the results of specific IgM detection in such samples of a cohort of neonates born in 1986/1987 are reported. The

  17. Biofuels Baseline 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamelinck, C.; Koper, M.; Berndes, G.; Englund, O.; Diaz-Chavez, R.; Kunen, E.; Walden, D.

    2011-10-15

    The European Union is promoting the use of biofuels and other renewable energy in transport. In April 2009, the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) was adopted that set a 10% target for renewable energy in transport in 2020. The directive sets several requirements to the sustainability of biofuels marketed in the frame of the Directive. The Commission is required to report to the European Parliament on a regular basis on a range of sustainability impacts resulting from the use of biofuels in the EU. This report serves as a baseline of information for regular monitoring on the impacts of the Directive. Chapter 2 discusses the EU biofuels market, the production and consumption of biofuels and international trade. It is derived where the feedstock for EU consumed biofuels originally come from. Chapter 3 discusses the biofuel policy framework in the EU and major third countries of supply. It looks at various policy aspects that are relevant to comply with the EU sustainability requirements. Chapter 4 discusses the environmental and social sustainability aspects associated with EU biofuels and their feedstock. Chapter 5 discusses the macro-economic effects that indirectly result from increased EU biofuels consumption, on commodity prices and land use. Chapter 6 presents country factsheets for main third countries that supplied biofuels to the EU market in 2008.

  18. Baseline blood pressure, low- and high-density lipoproteins, and triglycerides and the risk of vascular events in the Stroke Prevention by Aggressive Reduction in Cholesterol Levels (SPARCL) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Amarenco, Pierre; Goldstein, Larry B; Callahan, Alfred;

    2009-01-01

    cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglyceride levels. After 4.9 years of follow-up, there were 575 primary end points (fatal and nonfatal stroke), including 491 ischemic strokes, and 740 MCVEs (stroke plus myocardial infarction and vascular death). Cox regression...... AND RESULTS: The SPARCL trial randomized 4731 patients with recent stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) and no known coronary heart disease and LDL-C between 100 and 190 mg/dL to either atorvastatin 80 mg/d or placebo. Baseline assessment included SBP, DBP and measurements of low-density lipoprotein...... models analysis showed a trend (P>0.05 and PLDL/HDL ratio were each associated with MCVEs...

  19. 新疆石河子地区奶牛血液生化指标正常参考值范围的建立%Establishment of the Normal Reference Range of Blood Biochemical Parameters for Dairy Cow in Shihezi Area of Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新萍; 陶岳; 张孝恩; 林为民; 史文军; 陈红; 叶丹; 王宏伟

    2011-01-01

    为建立符合石河子地区奶牛血液生化特点的正常参考值范围,随机抽取石河子地区莫索湾、安集海、下野地等地犊牛及成年奶牛血清共计933份(其中成年奶牛818份、犊牛115份)进行23项生化指标检测。用SPSS软件进行统计分析,确立生化指标正常参考值范围。结果显示,石河子地区奶牛血液生化指标正常值参考范围存在年龄间差异,与国外提供的参考值相比各指标有一定的差异。%To establish a reference range of blood biochemical parameters for Shihezi dairy cow, 933 blood samples(818 adult cows and 115 calves)were collected from Mosuowan, Anjihai and Xiayedi in Shihezi to detect 23 kinds of biochemical parameters. SPSS software was used for statistical analysis. The resuhs showed that the normal reference range of blood biochemical for dairy cow in Shihezi had differences among ages. Compared with the abroad reference values, there were also some differences.

  20. Comparative study on the blood physiological and biochemical indexes of snakehead with nine mating groups%九种交配组合鳢血液生理生化指标的比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾运丁; 王超; 周爱国; 邹记兴

    2013-01-01

    对来源于乌鳢(Channa argus)、斑鳢(C.maculate)及杂交鳢作为亲鱼彼此之间的交配繁殖得到的九种组合鳢的血液部分生理生化指标做了比较分析.其中G1-G9分别代表斑鳢(♀)×斑鳢(♂)、斑鳢(♀)×乌鳢(♂)、斑鳢(♀)×杂交鳢(♂)、乌鳢(♀)×斑鳢(♂)、乌鳢(♀)×乌鳢(♂)、乌鳢(♀)×杂交鳢(♂)、杂交鳢(♀)×斑鳢(♂)、杂交鳢(♀)×乌鳢(♂)、杂交鳢(♀)×杂交鳢(♂).结果显示:从血液生理指标来看,红细胞计数(RBC)结果为G2 >G4 >G1 >G5 >G8 >G9 >G7 >G6 >G3,白细胞计数(WBC)结果为G2 >G4 >G5>G6>Gl>G9 >G3 >G7 >G8,血栓细胞计数(PLT)结果为G2 >G1 >G4 >G5 >G8 >G9 >G7 >G6 >G3,血细胞压积(HCT)的结果为G2 >G1 >G4 >G5 >G8 >G9 >G7 >G3 >G6,血红蛋白(HGB)的结果为G2 >G1 >G4 >G5 >G8>G9> G6 >G7 >G3,平均红细胞蛋白含量(MCH)的结果为G4 >G5 >G2 >G1 >G6 >G8 >G9 >G7 >G3,平均红细胞蛋白浓度(MCHC)的结果为G4 >G5> G2 >G1 >G6 >G8 >G3 >G9 >G7,红细胞平均体积(MCV)和红细胞分布宽度(RDW-CV)无显著差异.从血液生化指标来看,总蛋白(TP)的大小为G5 >G4 >G2 >G1 >G6 >G3 >G7>G8>G9,谷草转氨酶(AST)的大小为G2 >G4 >Gl >G5 >G3 >G6 >G7 >G8 >G9,甘油三酯(TG)的大小为G5>G1 >G2 >G4 >G3 >G6 >G7 >G8 >G9,胆固醇(CHOL)和谷丙转氨酶(ALT)无显著差异.综合分析九种交配组合鳢的血液生理及生化指标可以看出,G2(斑鳢(♀)×乌鳢(♂))和G4(乌鳢(♀)×斑鳢(♂))相对于其他的组合有明显的“杂种优势”.%The blood physiological and biochemical indexes of nine groups snakehead which came from mating with each other of Channa argus,C.maculate and hybrid snakehead,were determined and comparative studied.G1-G9 represen-ted C.maculate (♀) × C.maculate (♂),C.maculate (♀) × C.argus (♂),C.maculate (♀) × hybrid

  1. Molt-associated changes in hematologic and plasma biochemical values and stress hormone levels in African penguins (Spheniscus demersus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzaro, Lisa M; Meegan, Jenny; Sarran, Delphine; Romano, Tracy A; Bonato, Vinicius; Deng, Shibing; Dunn, J Lawrence

    2013-12-01

    Handling, including blood collection, has often been discouraged in molting penguins because it is considered an additional stress imposed on birds already experiencing major physiologic stress associated with molting. To evaluate the degree of physiologic stress posed by molting, we compared the hematologic and plasma biochemical values and hormone levels of molting and nonmolting African penguins, Spheniscus demersus. Five male and 5 female penguins randomly chosen were given complete physical examinations, were weighed, and blood samples were taken at 7 time points before, during, and after the molt. Data were analyzed by linear mixed-model analysis of variance. Throughout the study, behavior and appetite remained normal. Catecholamine levels were highly variable within and among subjects, whereas mean corticosterone levels were significantly different between baseline, molt, and postmolt values. Significant differences from baseline values were observed in many of the hematologic analytes; however, only decreases in hematocrit and red blood cell count values were considered clinically significant. Anemia due to experimentally induced blood loss as a possible cause of the significant hematologic changes was ruled out based on results of a follow-up control study during the nonmolt season, which showed no significant changes in hematocrit level or total red blood cell counts when using similar sampling protocols, which indicates that these changes were associated with molt.

  2. Bioquímica plasmática de cascavéis (Caudisona durissa LINNAEUS, 1758 em cativeiro Blood biochemical parameters from captivity rattlesnake (Caudisona durissa LINNAEUS, 1758

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wellington Bandeira da Silva

    2010-12-01

    breeding stock, justifying the importance of studying these snakes' physiology. Blood biochemical analysis of 53 Caudisona durissa was performed using plasma samples in an automated equipment (Ciba Corning - Express Plus®. Mean values and its respective Standard deviations are: blood urea nitrogen (BUN -1.32mg dL-1 (±1.1; uric acid - 2.08mg dL-1 (±1.4; creatinine - 0.52mg dL-1 (±0.2; total protein - 3.7g dL-1 (±0.7; albumin - 1.62g dL-1 (±0.4; globulins - 2.08g dL-1 (±0.5; calcium - 15.25mg dL-1 (±2.8; phosphorus - 4.61mg dL-1 (±1.9; cholesterol - 171.58mg dL-1 (±52.7; triglycerides - 19.29mg dL-1 (±14.3; alkaline phosfatase - 31.04U L-1 (±12.4; aspartate aminotransferase (AST - 22.25U L-1 (±11.4; alanin aminotransferase (ALT 7.11U L-1 (±5.4; amylases - 1385.23U L-1 (±568.7. The following indexes were calculated: BUN/creatinine ratio - 2.5 and calcium/phosphorus ratio -3.3. Rattlesnake blood biochemical results above could be used as reference in clinical evaluation for captivity C. durissa.

  3. Hanford Site technical baseline database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porter, P.E., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-05-10

    This document includes a cassette tape that contains the Hanford specific files that make up the Hanford Site Technical Baseline Database as of May 10, 1996. The cassette tape also includes the delta files that delineate the differences between this revision and revision 3 (April 10, 1996) of the Hanford Site Technical Baseline Database.

  4. Hanford Site technical baseline database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porter, P.E.

    1996-09-30

    This document includes a cassette tape that contains the Hanford specific files that make up the Hanford Site Technical Baseline Database as of September 30, 1996. The cassette tape also includes the delta files that dellinate the differences between this revision and revision 4 (May 10, 1996) of the Hanford Site Technical Baseline Database.

  5. Baseline Familiarity in Lie Detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feeley, Thomas H.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Reports on a study in which subjects judged the veracity of truthful and deceptive communicators after viewing no, one, two, or four case-relevant baseline exposures (familiarity) of truthful communication. Finds a positive linear relationship between detection accuracy and amount of baseline familiarity. (SR)

  6. Program cost and schedule baseline

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall purpose of cost and schedule baseline management is to ensure that the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) Program's cost and schedule plan are controlled in an orderly, efficient, and documented manner. Baseline control of the Program's cost and schedule will result in changes that only take place with OCRWM senior management approval, by way of the change control process. The Program Management System (PMS) Manual describes how the Program Cost and Schedule Baseline (PCSB) is integrated into the OCRWM management system. This PCSB document identifies the components of Program cost and schedule that will be subject to change control by DOE-Headquarters and establishes their baseline values. This document also summarizes the management components of the cost and schedule baseline, including reporting, monitoring, and corrective action. Detailed PCSB reporting, monitoring, and corrective action procedures will be issued as an Office of Program Administration and Resource Management (OPARM) administrative procedure. 9 figs

  7. Plutonium Immobilization Project Baseline Formulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ebbinghaus, B.

    1999-02-01

    A key milestone for the Immobilization Project (AOP Milestone 3.2a) in Fiscal Year 1998 (FY98) is the definition of the baseline composition or formulation for the plutonium ceramic form. The baseline formulation for the plutonium ceramic product must be finalized before the repository- and plant-related process specifications can be determined. The baseline formulation that is currently specified is given in Table 1.1. In addition to the baseline formulation specification, this report provides specifications for two alternative formulations, related compositional specifications (e.g., precursor compositions and mixing recipes), and other preliminary form and process specifications that are linked to the baseline formulation. The preliminary specifications, when finalized, are not expected to vary tremendously from the preliminary values given.

  8. The Monitoring of Some Blood Physiological and Biochemical Index of Cows During Perinatal Period%围产期奶牛几种血液生理生化指标监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊杰; 申国新; 汪恩强; 安锡忠; 陨祺

    2014-01-01

    In order to monitor and diagnose common perinatal cow nutrition and metabolic diseases,totally 60 perinatal cows (10 cows respectively in prenatal 15d, prenatal 7d, prenatal 1d, postpartum 1d, postpartum 7d, postpartum 15d) were selected for physiological and biochemical blood testing. The experimental results showed that:all transition cows white blood cell count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin and hematocrit of blood were little changed. It can not be served as the basis for monitoring of nutritional and metabolic diseases on transition cows. the minimum content of prenatal 1d cow serum free fatty acid was the lowest (460.76±268.34)μmol/L, in which respectively having the signiifcant differences (P<0.01) among prenatal 15d, postpartum 7d, 15d postpartum. The minimum content of postpartum cow serum glucose was the lowest (2.12±0.35)mmol/L, in which respectively compared with other times measured values were significantly different (P<0.01). The maximum content of postpartum 1d cow serum aspartate aminotransferase was the highest (15.33±3.24)U/L, in which respectively having the signiifcant differences(P<0.01)among prenatal 15d and prenatal 7d. 15d postpartum cow serum alanine aminotransferase activity and triglyceride levels were elevated (14.10 ± 4.40) U/L and (0.90 ± 0.14) mmol / L, compared with prenatal different periods were significantly different (P<0.01). The minimize content of Ca in the serum of postpartum 1d down to(1.76±0.32)mmol/L, serum hydroxyproline content and alkaline phosphatase activity were elevated (25.50 ± 7.90)μmol/L and (85.13±7.57) IU/L respectively, having signiifcant difference with prenatal(P<0.01). Conclusion:Using serum FFA, serum GLU and serum AST, and according to formula calculate Y as a basis for the diagnosis of fatty liver cows. The content of cow serum Ca was decreased. The content of serum HYP and activity increasing of serum ALP serve as the basis for the diagnosis of malnutrition cow bone. Ketone monitoring

  9. Comparative analysis on blood glucose results detected by portable glucose meter and Olympus AU2700 automatic biochemical analyzer%便携式血糖仪与 Olympus AU2700血糖测定结果的比对分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴立春; 张莉; 刘明炎; 王左

    2014-01-01

    Objective To perform the comparative analysis on the blood glucose results detected by the portable glucose meter and the Olympus AU2700 biochemical analyzer.Methods 20 fresh whole blood samples with sodium fluoride and potassium oxalate anticoagulation were the Olympus AU2700 biochemical analyzer biochemical analyzer.Results In these 27 portable glucose meters, the comparison results in only 1 portable glucose meter was unqualified,which in the other 26 portable glucose meters were passed, the passing rate was 96.3%,which in 2 glucose meters were clinically acceptable and which in the other 24 glucose meters were completely acceptable and the clinical completely acceptable rate was 88.9%.Conclusion There are some biases of blood glucose results detected by the portable glucose meter and the fully automatic biochemical analyzer,but the overall correlation is well.The comparison and calibration of the blood glucose meters should be performed at the regular intervals for improving the consistency and accuracy of blood glucose detection results.%目的:对血糖仪和全自动生化分析仪测定血糖结果进行比对,评估其测定结果的偏倚及相关性。方法选择20份氟化钠-草酸钾抗凝全血对全院27台血糖仪和 Olympus AU2700全自动生化分析仪进行同时检测,对检测结果进行分析。结果27台血糖仪中1台血糖仪比对结果未通过,其余26台血糖仪均通过,通过率96.3%;2台血糖仪比对结果属于临床尚可接受水平,24台血糖仪属于临床完全可接受水平,临床完全可接受率为88.9%。结论血糖仪与全自动生化分析仪血糖测定结果虽然存在一定的偏差,但总体相关性较好,应定期对血糖仪进行比对和校准以提高检测结果的一致性和准确性。

  10. POCT血糖仪、生化仪葡萄糖氧化酶法和己糖激酶法检测新生儿血糖的研究%Study on Neonatal Blood Glucose Detected by POCT Glucose Meters and Biochemical Analyzer with Glucose Oxidase Method and Hexokinase Assay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小斌; 杨阳; 张士朋; 贺菊晖; 郭威

    2012-01-01

    目的 从众多型号的POCT血糖仪中寻找与生化分析仪法相关性好的POCT血糖仪用来新生儿血糖的过筛和动态监测. 方法 模拟新生儿血液(高红细胞压积)检测:取高、中、低三种不同血糖浓度的成人患者样本各30人次,取静脉血用肝素抗凝,同一人次取3份.第一份用6个品牌8种型号血糖仪分别进行检测;第二份模仿新生血液、离心后吸去部分血浆,调红细胞压积至60%再用8款血糖仪分别进行检测;第三份用生化分析仪己糖激酶法检测.新生儿血液实例检测:取40例总胆红素正常新生儿和20例总胆红素升高的新生儿分别用强生稳步ONE Touch Sure Step血糖仪检测毛细血管血糖,同时用生化分析仪(葡萄糖氧化酶法、己糖激酶法)检测静脉血的血糖. 结果 模拟新生儿血液的检测中:8款POCT血糖仪中,使用葡萄糖氧化酶光化学法原理的强生稳步ONE Touch Sure Step和罗氏ACCU- CHEK Active(机外进样)正常压积组A组和高红细胞压积组B组,高、中、低浓度血糖检测差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05),A组和B组与生化仪己糖激酶法有很好的相关性(r>0.95).新生儿血液实例检测中:强生稳步血糖仪与生化仪葡萄糖氧化酶法和己糖激酶法检测结果差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05). 结论 POCT血糖仪葡萄糖氧化酶光化学法抗高红细胞压积的影响优于葡萄糖氧化酶电极法、葡萄糖脱氢酶电极法,使用葡萄糖氧化酶光化学法原理的POCT血糖仪与生化分析仪葡萄糖氧化酶法、己糖激酶法检测结果有很好的相关性,适合于新生儿血糖过筛和动态的监测.%Objective To find a good POCT glucose meter whose detection results could be well correlated with those by biochemical analyzer and could be used to measure and dynamically monitor the neonatal blood glucose. Methods In the detection of glucose of simulated neonatal blood (high hematocrit), anticoagulant vein

  11. Plasma volume and biochemical changes in athletes during bed rest chronic hyperhydration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zorbas, Yan G.; Yarullin, Vladimir L.; Denogradov, Sergei D.; Afonin, Victor B.

    Daily fluid and salt supplements (FSS) may be used to reduce plasma biochemical changes during bed rest (BR). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a daily intake of FSS on plasma volume (PV) and biochemical changes during BR. Studies were done during a pre BR period of 15 days and during a BR period of 30 days. Thirty male athletes aged 22-26 years were chosen as subjects. They were divided into three groups: unsupplemented ambulatory control subjects (UACS), unsupplemented bed rested subjects (UBRS) and supplemented bed rested subjects (SBRS). The UBRS and SBRS were kept under a rigorous bed rest regime for 30 days. The SBRS took 26 ml water/kg body weight and 0.1 g sodium chloride/kg body weight daily. PV, protein, albumin, sodium (Na), Chloride (Cl), potassium (K), osmolality, creatinine, glucose, and whole blood haematocrit (Hct) and haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations were measured. PV increased significantly ( P≤0.01) while plasma protein, albumin, Na, Cl, K, glucose, creatinine, osmolality, and whole blood Hb and Hct concentration decreased significantly ( P≤0.01) in the SBRS group when compared with the UBRS group. By contrast, PV decreased significantly ( P≤0.01), while plasma protein, albumin, Na, Cl, K, glucose, creatinine, osmolality and whole blood Hct and Hb concentration increased significantly ( P≤0.01) in the UBRS group when compared with the SBRS and UACS groups. The measured parameters did not change significantly in the UACS group when compared with the baseline control values. It was concluded that a daily intake of FSS may be used to attenuate PV losses and biochemical changes in endurance trained athletes during bed rest.

  12. Biochemical values in free-ranging white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) in Kruger National Park, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathebula, Nomkhosi; Miller, Michele; Buss, Peter; Joubert, Jennifer; Martin, Laura; Kruger, Marius; Hofmeyr, Markus; Olea-Popelka, Francisco

    2012-09-01

    Biochemical panels were analyzed on 181 individual free-ranging white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) from Kruger National Park, South Africa. These animals were immobilized between July 2006 and May 2010 for management purposes. Serum and heparinized plasma samples were analyzed using an in-house chemistry analyser (ABAXIS VetScan2). The objectives of this study were to establish biochemical references ranges for Kruger National Park's population of white rhinoceros; to assess differences in values obtained using sera or plasma; and to assess differences in values between gender and different age categories. Significant differences between plasma and serum values were found in most measured parameters except minerals (calcium and magnesium). Because all animals appeared clinically healthy at the time of blood collection, it is hypothesized that choice of anticoagulant may affect certain parameters. Comparison between age categories and gender also resulted in significant differences in a few measured parameters. Identifying differences are important when establishing baseline reference ranges for wildlife populations to allow accurate monitoring of trends that may change over time. The paucity of data on normal biochemical ranges for free-ranging white rhinoceros demonstrates the value of this study and importance of evaluating potential confounding variables.

  13. 324 Building Baseline Radiological Characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R.J. Reeder, J.C. Cooper

    2010-06-24

    This report documents the analysis of radiological data collected as part of the characterization study performed in 1998. The study was performed to create a baseline of the radiological conditions in the 324 Building.

  14. Quivira NWR biological baseline data

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This dataset is biological baseline data for Quivira National Wildlife Refuge as of January 2016. It contains data on species found on the refuge, when and where...

  15. Learning to Baseline Business Technology

    OpenAIRE

    David Gore; Marie D. Lee; Kimberly Hopper

    2013-01-01

    bills, sign multi-­‐year contracts, and make purchasing decisions without having an overall technology plan. That plan includes a technology baseline to fully assess existing technology. A CIO's goal is to align IT with business goals. Businesses must know total cost of ownership and the return on investment for all technology purchases and monthly costs. A business must also be able to manage technology assets and best utilize resources across the business. Teaching students to baseline tech...

  16. Establishment of baseline haematology and biochemistry parameters in wild adult African penguins (Spheniscus demersus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, Nola J; Schaefer, Adam M; van der Spuy, Stephen D; Gous, Tertius A

    2015-03-25

    There are few publications on the clinical haematology and biochemistry of African penguins (Spheniscus demersus) and these are based on captive populations. Baseline haematology and serum biochemistry parameters were analysed from 108 blood samples from wild, adult African penguins. Samples were collected from the breeding range of the African penguin in South Africa and the results were compared between breeding region and sex. The haematological parameters that were measured were: haematocrit, haemoglobin, red cell count and white cell count. The biochemical parameters that were measured were: sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, inorganic phosphate, creatinine, cholesterol, serum glucose, uric acid, bile acid, total serum protein, albumin, aspartate transaminase and creatine kinase. All samples were serologically negative for selected avian diseases and no blood parasites were detected. No haemolysis was present in any of the analysed samples. Male African penguins were larger and heavier than females, with higher haematocrit, haemoglobin and red cell count values, but lower calcium and phosphate values. African penguins in the Eastern Cape were heavier than those in the Western Cape, with lower white cell count and globulin values and a higher albumin/globulin ratio, possibly indicating that birds are in a poorer condition in the Western Cape. Results were also compared between multiple penguin species and with African penguins in captivity. These values for healthy, wild, adult penguins can be used for future health and disease assessments.

  17. Establishment of baseline haematology and biochemistry parameters in wild adult African penguins (Spheniscus demersus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, Nola J; Schaefer, Adam M; van der Spuy, Stephen D; Gous, Tertius A

    2015-01-01

    There are few publications on the clinical haematology and biochemistry of African penguins (Spheniscus demersus) and these are based on captive populations. Baseline haematology and serum biochemistry parameters were analysed from 108 blood samples from wild, adult African penguins. Samples were collected from the breeding range of the African penguin in South Africa and the results were compared between breeding region and sex. The haematological parameters that were measured were: haematocrit, haemoglobin, red cell count and white cell count. The biochemical parameters that were measured were: sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, inorganic phosphate, creatinine, cholesterol, serum glucose, uric acid, bile acid, total serum protein, albumin, aspartate transaminase and creatine kinase. All samples were serologically negative for selected avian diseases and no blood parasites were detected. No haemolysis was present in any of the analysed samples. Male African penguins were larger and heavier than females, with higher haematocrit, haemoglobin and red cell count values, but lower calcium and phosphate values. African penguins in the Eastern Cape were heavier than those in the Western Cape, with lower white cell count and globulin values and a higher albumin/globulin ratio, possibly indicating that birds are in a poorer condition in the Western Cape. Results were also compared between multiple penguin species and with African penguins in captivity. These values for healthy, wild, adult penguins can be used for future health and disease assessments. PMID:26016391

  18. Establishment of baseline haematology and biochemistry parameters in wild adult African penguins (Spheniscus demersus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nola J. Parsons

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available There are few publications on the clinical haematology and biochemistry of African penguins (Spheniscus demersus and these are based on captive populations. Baseline haematology and serum biochemistry parameters were analysed from 108 blood samples from wild, adult African penguins. Samples were collected from the breeding range of the African penguin in South Africa and the results were compared between breeding region and sex. The haematological parameters that were measured were: haematocrit, haemoglobin, red cell count and white cell count. The biochemical parameters that were measured were: sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, inorganic phosphate, creatinine, cholesterol, serum glucose, uric acid, bile acid, total serum protein, albumin, aspartate transaminase and creatine kinase. All samples were serologically negative for selected avian diseases and no blood parasites were detected. No haemolysis was present in any of the analysed samples. Male African penguins were larger and heavier than females, with higher haematocrit, haemoglobin and red cell count values, but lower calcium and phosphate values. African penguins in the Eastern Cape were heavier than those in the Western Cape, with lower white cell count and globulin values and a higher albumin/globulin ratio, possibly indicating that birds are in a poorer condition in the Western Cape. Results were also compared between multiple penguin species and with African penguins in captivity. These values for healthy, wild, adult penguins can be used for future health and disease assessments.

  19. Recent abstracts in biochemical technology

    OpenAIRE

    R R Siva Kiran; Brijesh P

    2008-01-01

    “Recent abstracts in biochemical technology” is a collection of interesting research articles published in “List of biochemical technology journals” (Table 1). The abstracts are most likely to report significant results in biochemical technology.

  20. Learning to Baseline Business Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Gore

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available bills, sign multi-­‐year contracts, and make purchasing decisions without having an overall technology plan. That plan includes a technology baseline to fully assess existing technology. A CIO's goal is to align IT with business goals. Businesses must know total cost of ownership and the return on investment for all technology purchases and monthly costs. A business must also be able to manage technology assets and best utilize resources across the business. Teaching students to baseline technology will enable them to track and manage costs, discover errors and waste, and consolidate and improve existing technology.

  1. BLOOD SERUM BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HOLSTEIN ANIMALS IMPORTED FROM CANADA AS HEIFERS Биохимическая характеристика сыворотки крови голштинских животных завезенных из канады нетелями

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuzov I. N.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the dynamics of blood serum biochemical characteristics of Holstein first – calf heifers imported from Canada to Kuban company, Krasnodar region. The precise analysis of the blood serum parameters is given in the article, as well as their interconnection

  2. 应激对猪生产性能、行为及血液理化指标影响的研究进展%Research Progress on Effects of Stress on Production Performance,Behaviour and Blood Physiological-biochemical Indexes in Pigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨培歌; 顾宪红

    2013-01-01

    Significant changes of production performance,behaviour and blood physiological-biochemical indexes were found under stress conditions, and stress could damage animals. Thus,it was suggested that every efforts should be made to prevent stress,especially severe stress in livestock production,so as not to affect the orderly production,damage animals welfare and reduce economic benefits. The influence of weaning,cold,heat,transportation and slaughter stress on production performance,behaviour and blood physiological-biochemical indexes in pigs were mainly reviewed in this paper.%应激条件下会影响猪的生产性能、行为及血液生理生化指标,对动物机体造成危害.因此,在畜牧生产实践中应尽一切努力防止应激特别是严重应激的发生,以免影响生产的有序进行,损害动物福利,降低经济效益.作者主要综述了断奶、冷、热、运输、屠宰等常见应激因素对猪的生产性能、行为及血液生理生化指标的影响.

  3. 全棉籽对奶牛生产性能及血清生化指标的影响%Effects of Whole Cottonseed on Performance and Blood Biochemical Paramaters of Dairy Cows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟荣珍; 高艳霞; 曹玉凤; 李秋凤; 李建国

    2012-01-01

    This experiment was conducted to study the effects of dietary whole cottonseed (WCS) on performance and blood biochemical paramaters of dairy cows. A 4 × 4 Latin square design was used. Eight multiparity Holstein cows in early lactation were selected and assigned randomly into 4 groups with 2 replicates in each group and 1 cow per replicate. Cows in group A (control group) were fed a basal diet, and cows in groups B, C and D were fed experimental diets contained 5% , 10% and 15% WCS, respectively. The experiment contained four period, and each period lasted for 28 d with 7-d adaptation period and 21-d formality period. The results showed as follows: 1) with the increasing of WCS percentage, milk yield of dairy cows tended to be increased (P>0.05), and the milk fat percentage and 4% fat corrected milk (FCM) was significantly increased (P 0. 05). 2) Dietary WCS level had no effects on the apparent digestibilities of crude protein , ether extract and acid detergent fiber ( P > 0.05) , but it significantly increased the apparent digestibility of neutral detergent fiber (P 0. 05) , but it significantly affected the contents of cholesterol and urea nitrogen in serum (P 0. 05) , In conclusion, for dairy cows in early lactation period, the optimal percentage of WCS in the diet is 10% .%本试验旨在研究饲粮中添加全棉籽对奶牛生产性能及血清生化指标影响.试验采用4×4拉丁方设计,选择8头泌乳早期的经产中国荷斯坦奶牛,随机分为4组,每组2个重复,每个重复1头牛.A组为对照组,饲喂基础饲粮;B、C和D组分别饲喂含5%、10%和15%全棉籽的试验饲粮.共进行4期试验,每期试验28 d,其中预试期7d,正试期21 d.结果表明:1)随着全棉籽比例的增加,奶牛产奶量有提高趋势,奶牛的乳脂率和4%标准乳产量显著提高(P<0.01),但全棉籽对乳蛋白率、乳糖率和乳非脂固形物率无显著影响(P>0.05).2)全棉籽对粗蛋白质、粗脂肪、酸性洗涤纤

  4. Blood gases, biochemistry, and hematology of Galapagos green turtles (Chelonia mydas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory A Lewbart

    Full Text Available The green turtle, Chelonia mydas, is an endangered marine chelonian with a circum-global distribution. Reference blood parameter intervals have been published for some chelonian species, but baseline hematology, biochemical, and blood gas values are lacking from the Galapagos sea turtles. Analyses were done on blood samples drawn from 28 green turtles captured in two foraging locations on San Cristóbal Island (14 from each site. Of these turtles, 20 were immature and of unknown sex; the other eight were males (five mature, three immature. A portable blood analyzer (iSTAT was used to obtain near immediate field results for pH, lactate, pO2, pCO2, HCO3-, Hct, Hb, Na, K, iCa, and Glu. Parameter values affected by temperature were corrected in two ways: (1 with standard formulas; and (2 with auto-corrections made by the iSTAT. The two methods yielded clinically equivalent results. Standard laboratory hematology techniques were employed for the red and white blood cell counts and the hematocrit determination, which was also compared to the hematocrit values generated by the iSTAT. Of all blood analytes, only lactate concentrations were positively correlated with body size. All other values showed no significant difference between the two sample locations nor were they correlated with body size or internal temperature. For hematocrit count, the iSTAT blood analyzer yielded results indistinguishable from those obtained with high-speed centrifugation. The values reported in this study provide baseline data that may be useful in comparisons among populations and in detecting changes in health status among Galapagos sea turtles. The findings might also be helpful in future efforts to demonstrate associations between specific biochemical parameters and disease.

  5. Haematological and biochemical analysis in canine enteritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abid Ali Bhat

    Full Text Available Aim: The present investigation screened eighteen clinical cases of canine enteritis for haematological and biochemical analyses. Materials and Methods: Eighteen dogs suffering from enteritis were selected and detailed clinical manifestations were noted. Hematological and biochemical parameters were estimated by using various kits. Blood was also collected from twelve healthy dogs for establishing control values and data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The affected dogs showed anorexia, diarrhoea, depression, varying degree of dehydration and tachycardia. There were significant changes in packed cell volume, neutrophils, lymphocytes and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration. Biochemical investigation revealed significant decrease in plasma glucose, total plasma protein, albumin and albumin:globulin ratio (A:G ratio. The level of potassium and chloride was markedly decreased. Significant increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALT and blood urea nitrogen (BUN was observed. Conclusion: Packed Cell Volume (PCV and Total Erythrocyte Count (TEC remained almost similar between healthy dogs and dogs affected with diarrhoea. Mean Total Leukocyte Count (TLC value was significantly higher as compared to the control group. Hypoglycemia, hypoproteinemia, hypokalemia, hypochloremia and increase in blood urea nitrogen was observed in dogs suffering from enteritis. [Vet World 2013; 6(7.000: 380-383

  6. Baseline budgeting for continuous improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilty, G L

    1999-05-01

    This article is designed to introduce the techniques used to convert traditionally maintained department budgets to baseline budgets. This entails identifying key activities, evaluating for value-added, and implementing continuous improvement opportunities. Baseline Budgeting for Continuous Improvement was created as a result of a newly named company president's request to implement zero-based budgeting. The president was frustrated with the mind-set of the organization, namely, "Next year's budget should be 10 to 15 percent more than this year's spending." Zero-based budgeting was not the answer, but combining the principles of activity-based costing and the Just-in-Time philosophy of eliminating waste and continuous improvement did provide a solution to the problem.

  7. 甘草黄酮对2型糖尿病大鼠血糖、血脂等生化指标的影响%Effect of licorice flavonoids on blood glucose, blood lipid and other biochemical indicators in type 2 diabetic rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海燕; 王勇; 吴力武; 马永平

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of licorice flavonoids (LF) on fasting blood levels of glucose (FBG), lipids, insulin, adipokines and other biochemical indicators. Methods The type 2 diabetic rat model was replicated by feeding high-fat and high-sugar diet combined with low-dose streptozotocin (STZ) injection. The diabetic rats were divided into model group (DM), high-dose LF treatment group (HLF) and low-dose LF treatment group (LLF). Other 20 normal rats were divided into control group (Con) and control treatment group (CLF). Rats in different groups were administered LF (lOOmg or 300mg ? Kg"1 ? D"1) or solvent (propylene glycol) respectively. Five weeks later, the levels of fasting levels of glucose (FBG), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TO, free fatty acids (FFA), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) , total antioxidation capability (T-AOC), insulin (Ins), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) and leptin were examined. Insulin sensitivity index (ISI), liver index, kidney index and the relative weight of abdominal adipose tissue were calculated. Results The high-dose LF (300mg ? Kg"1 ? D~' ) treatment significantly decreased the levels of FBG, TG, TC, LDL-C, FFA, T-AOC, TNF-a, leptin, liver index and kidney index, and increased the levels of T-AOC, ISI and the relative weight of abdominal adipose tissue. Compared with high-dose treatment, low dose of LF was less effective. Conclusion LF significantly decreases the blood glucose level, improves the lipid metabolic disorders and ameliorates insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats.%目的 研究甘草黄酮(LF)对T2DM大鼠血糖、血脂等生化指标的影响.方法 将实验大鼠分为模型组(DM)、高剂量给药组(HLF)、低剂量给药组(LLF)、正常对照组(Con)和正常给药组(CLF).分别以LF或溶剂灌胃,5周后检测实验大鼠的空腹血糖、血脂等生化指标及肝体比、肾体比和脂体比.结果 高剂量LF(300 mg·kg-1

  8. Variability in baseline laboratory measurements of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladwig, R; Vigo, A; Fedeli, L M G; Chambless, L E; Bensenor, I; Schmidt, M I; Vidigal, P G; Castilhos, C D; Duncan, B B

    2016-01-01

    Multi-center epidemiological studies must ascertain that their measurements are accurate and reliable. For laboratory measurements, reliability can be assessed through investigation of reproducibility of measurements in the same individual. In this paper, we present results from the quality control analysis of the baseline laboratory measurements from the ELSA-Brasil study. The study enrolled 15,105 civil servants at 6 research centers in 3 regions of Brazil between 2008-2010, with multiple biochemical analytes being measured at a central laboratory. Quality control was ascertained through standard laboratory evaluation of intra- and inter-assay variability and test-retest analysis in a subset of randomly chosen participants. An additional sample of urine or blood was collected from these participants, and these samples were handled in the same manner as the original ones, locally and at the central laboratory. Reliability was assessed with the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), estimated through a random effects model. Coefficients of variation (CV) and Bland-Altman plots were additionally used to assess measurement variability. Laboratory intra and inter-assay CVs varied from 0.86% to 7.77%. From test-retest analyses, the ICCs were high for the majority of the analytes. Notably lower ICCs were observed for serum sodium (ICC=0.50; 95%CI=0.31-0.65) and serum potassium (ICC=0.73; 95%CI=0.60-0.83), due to the small biological range of these analytes. The CVs ranged from 1 to 14%. The Bland-Altman plots confirmed these results. The quality control analyses showed that the collection, processing and measurement protocols utilized in the ELSA-Brasil produced reliable biochemical measurements.

  9. Variability in baseline laboratory measurements of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladwig, R.; Vigo, A.; Fedeli, L.M.G.; Chambless, L.E.; Bensenor, I.; Schmidt, M.I.; Vidigal, P.G.; Castilhos, C.D.; Duncan, B.B.

    2016-01-01

    Multi-center epidemiological studies must ascertain that their measurements are accurate and reliable. For laboratory measurements, reliability can be assessed through investigation of reproducibility of measurements in the same individual. In this paper, we present results from the quality control analysis of the baseline laboratory measurements from the ELSA-Brasil study. The study enrolled 15,105 civil servants at 6 research centers in 3 regions of Brazil between 2008–2010, with multiple biochemical analytes being measured at a central laboratory. Quality control was ascertained through standard laboratory evaluation of intra- and inter-assay variability and test-retest analysis in a subset of randomly chosen participants. An additional sample of urine or blood was collected from these participants, and these samples were handled in the same manner as the original ones, locally and at the central laboratory. Reliability was assessed with the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), estimated through a random effects model. Coefficients of variation (CV) and Bland-Altman plots were additionally used to assess measurement variability. Laboratory intra and inter-assay CVs varied from 0.86% to 7.77%. From test-retest analyses, the ICCs were high for the majority of the analytes. Notably lower ICCs were observed for serum sodium (ICC=0.50; 95%CI=0.31–0.65) and serum potassium (ICC=0.73; 95%CI=0.60–0.83), due to the small biological range of these analytes. The CVs ranged from 1 to 14%. The Bland-Altman plots confirmed these results. The quality control analyses showed that the collection, processing and measurement protocols utilized in the ELSA-Brasil produced reliable biochemical measurements. PMID:27533768

  10. Blood Clots

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Index A-Z Blood Clots Blood clots are semi-solid masses of blood that can be stationary (thrombosis) ... treated? What are blood clots? Blood clots are semi-solid masses of blood. Normally, blood flows freely through ...

  11. The Nuts and Bolts of Baseline Setting

    OpenAIRE

    Partnership for Market Readiness

    2012-01-01

    This document provides an overview of baseline setting for greenhouse gas (GHG) crediting mechanisms. The first section briefly explains the general purpose and objectives of setting a crediting mechanism baseline. The second section summarizes key policy considerations in defining and setting baselines. The final section covers important technical elements of baselines and provides an ove...

  12. 贵妃鸡与麒麟鸡杂交F1代血液生理生化指标的测定%Measurement of Blood Physiological and Biochemical of hybrid F1 of Princess Chicken and Frizzle Chicken

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李乃宾; 杨芬霞; 杜炳旺; 陈洁波; 陶林

    2014-01-01

    为给贵妃鸡(♂)与麒麟鸡(♀)杂交F1代的人工饲养繁殖、健康状况检测以及经济开发等提供科学的参考数据和理论依据,试验对12周龄贵妃鸡与麒麟鸡杂交F1代进行血液生理生化指标测定与分析。结果表明:①血液生理指标:杂交公鸡红细胞计数(RBC)、血红蛋白浓度(HGB)、红细胞压积(HCT)在数值上极显著高于母鸡(P<0.01),白血球计数(WBC)、平均红细胞体积(MCV)显著高于母鸡(P<0.05);②血液生化指标:杂交公鸡的甘油三酯(TG)、尿酸(UA)指标在数值上显著高于母鸡(P<0.05),磷酸肌酸激酶(CK)、肌酸激酶同工酶(CK-MB)指标在数值上显著低于母鸡(P<0.05)。杂交F1代的血液生理生化指标具有相对稳定性,这一结果能为贵妃鸡(♂)与麒麟鸡(♀)杂交F1代疾病诊断、治疗和饲养管理提供参考。%In order to provide scientific reference and theoretical basis for breeding, health testing and economic development of hybrid F1 of Princess Chicken and Frizzle Chicken, the blood physiological and biochemical indexes of 12-week-old F1 Hybrid Offspring of Princess Chicken(♂)and Frizzle Chicken (♀)were measured.The results showed that①The blood physiological indexes:12 weeks of F1 generation of hybrid cock red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin concentration (HGB)and RBC deposited (HCT) were very significantly higher than the hens (P<0.01), average white blood cell count (WBC) and red blood cell volume (MCV) were significantly higher than the hens (P<0.05);②The blo-od biochemical indexes:12 weeks of F1 generation of hybrid cock triglyceride (TG)and uric acid (UA) index were significantly higher than the hens (P<0.05), creatine phosphate kinase (CK)and creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) index were significantly lower than the henl (P<0.05).The blood biochemical indicators of 12-week-old hybrid chickens were relatively stable,this conclusion provided a certain theoretical

  13. Measures of Biochemical Sociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Joel; Marsh, Mitchell

    2008-01-01

    In a previous article, the authors introduced a new sub field in sociology that we labeled "biochemical sociology." We introduced the definition of a sociology that encompasses sociological measures, psychological measures, and biological indicators Snell & Marsh (2003). In this article, we want to demonstrate a research strategy that would assess…

  14. Biochemical Education in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vella, F.

    1988-01-01

    Described are discussions held concerning the problems of biochemical education in Brazil at a meeting of the Sociedade Brazileira de Bioquimica in April 1988. Also discussed are other visits that were made to universities in Brazil. Three major recommendations to improve the state of biochemistry education in Brazil are presented. (CW)

  15. Acute effects of vinegar intake on some biochemical risk factors of atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolemic rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    rohani Ali

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Exaggerated postprandial spikes in blood glucose and lipids induce proportional increases in oxidative stress, which acutely trigger impairment endothelial, inflammation and increased risk of future cardiovascular events. In this research, we have investigated acute effects of vinegar intake on some of the biochemical atherosclerosis risk factors in high cholesterol fed rabbits to see if we can find a probable protective value for it. Methods The rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: normal diet, high cholesterol diet (%1cholesterol, %1 cholesterol with 5 ml vinegar (low dose, %1 cholesterol with 10 ml vinegar (high dose. After fasting for 12-15 hours, blood samples were taken to determine baseline values. Three hours after feeding, blood samples were collected again to investigate acute effects of vinegar intake on the measured factors. Results Using high-dose vinegar with cholesterolemic diet caused significant reduce in LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C, oxidized-LDL (ox-LDL, malondialdehyde (MDA, total cholesterol (TC and apolipoprotein B (ApoB in comparison with hypercholesterolemic diet. Consumption low-dose vinegar with cholesterolemic diet induced a significant decrease in fibrinogen and glucose compared to hypercholesterolemic diet. Level of serum nitrite, nitrate, triacylglycerol (TAG, HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C, apolipoprotein A (ApoA, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT, serum glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT and C-reactive protein (CRP were not significantly difference in low and high doses vinegar with cholesterolemic diet compared to hypercholesterolemic diet. A significant difference was observed for LDL-C, ApoB100 and TC between low and high doses vinegar. Conclusion This study suggest that vinegar, might have some acute effects on biochemical risk factors of atherosclerosis and a probable protective value can be considered for its postprandial use.

  16. Baseline LAW Glass Formulation Testing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Mooers, Cavin [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.; Bazemore, Gina [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Pegg, Ian L. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Hight, Kenneth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Lai, Shan Tao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Buechele, Andrew [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Rielley, Elizabeth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Gan, Hao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Muller, Isabelle S. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Cecil, Richard [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab

    2013-06-13

    The major objective of the baseline glass formulation work was to develop and select glass formulations that are compliant with contractual and processing requirements for each of the LAW waste streams. Other objectives of the work included preparation and characterization of glasses with respect to the properties of interest, optimization of sulfate loading in the glasses, evaluation of ability to achieve waste loading limits, testing to demonstrate compatibility of glass melts with melter materials of construction, development of glass formulations to support ILAW qualification activities, and identification of glass formulation issues with respect to contract specifications and processing requirements.

  17. Environmental Baseline File National Transportation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Environmental Baseline File summarizes and consolidates information related to the national-level transportation of commercial spent nuclear fuel. Topics addressed include: shipments of commercial spent nuclear fuel based on mostly truck and mostly rail shipping scenarios; transportation routing for commercial spent nuclear fuel sites and DOE sites; radionuclide inventories for various shipping container capacities; transportation routing; populations along transportation routes; urbanized area population densities; the impacts of historical, reasonably foreseeable, and general transportation; state-level food transfer factors; Federal Guidance Report No. 11 and 12 radionuclide dose conversion factors; and national average atmospheric conditions

  18. Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Diwan, M V; Qian, X; Rubbia, A

    2016-01-01

    We review long-baseline neutrino experiments in which neutrinos are detected after traversing macroscopic distances. Over such distances neutrinos have been found to oscillate among flavor states. Experiments with solar, atmospheric, reactor, and accelerator neutrinos have resulted in a coherent picture of neutrino masses and mixing of the three known flavor states. We will summarize the current best knowledge of neutrino parameters and phenomenology with our focus on the evolution of the experimental technique. We proceed from the first evidence produced by astrophysical neutrino sources to the current open questions and the goals of future research.

  19. Baseline report for infiltration experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An infiltration experiment to investigate potential changes in pH and redox conditions and in buffering capacity as well as the hydrogeochemical processes related to groundwater infiltration was started in late 2008 near ONKALO. The purpose of the experiment is to monitor the major infiltration flow path from ground surface into the upper part of ONKALO at a depth of about 50 to 100 m depending on the observations made during the experiment. Infiltration is activated by pumping a highly transmissive fracture zone (13-18.2 m) in drillhole OL-KR14, which is a part of the site scale hydrogeological feature. The influence of pumping is then monitored in drillholes, groundwater observation tubes and lysimeters through water, groundwater and microbiological samplings and hydrogeological measurements. Before the experiment was started, four new monitoring drillholes, nine groundwater observation tubes and nine lysimeters were installed in the test area and very detailed baseline field investigations were performed. In addition, information of existing investigation data from the area of interest was collected in together. The baseline field investigations included geological logging of the cores of new shallow drillholes, flow and transverse flow measurements in new shallow drillholes, SLUG measurements in groundwater observation tubes, head monitoring, groundwater and microbiological sampling and analysis from observation tubes, shallow drillholes and the pumping section in OL-KR14, water sampling and analysis from lysimeters and resistivity measurements of the overburden. The results of previously performed soil pit investigations and hydrogeological measurements carried out in the area of interest were also added to the investigation data. A detailed hydrogeological model of the experiment area was updated simultaneously with baseline field investigations; the previous version was presented in Pitkaenen et al. (2008). Apart from the field investigations, predictive

  20. FED baseline engineering studies report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sager, P.H.

    1983-04-01

    Studies were carried out on the FED Baseline to improve design definition, establish feasibility, and reduce cost. Emphasis was placed on cost reduction, but significant feasibility concerns existed in several areas, and better design definition was required to establish feasibility and provide a better basis for cost estimates. Design definition and feasibility studies included the development of a labyrinth shield ring concept to prevent radiation streaming between the torus spool and the TF coil cryostat. The labyrinth shield concept which was developed reduced radiation streaming sufficiently to permit contact maintenance of the inboard EF coils. Various concepts of preventing arcing between adjacent shield sectors were also explored. It was concluded that installation of copper straps with molybdenum thermal radiation shields would provide the most reliable means of preventing arcing. Other design studies included torus spool electrical/structural concepts, test module shielding, torus seismic response, poloidal conditions in the magnets, disruption characteristics, and eddy current effects. These additional studies had no significant impact on cost but did confirm the feasibility of the basic FED Baseline concept.

  1. FED baseline engineering studies report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Studies were carried out on the FED Baseline to improve design definition, establish feasibility, and reduce cost. Emphasis was placed on cost reduction, but significant feasibility concerns existed in several areas, and better design definition was required to establish feasibility and provide a better basis for cost estimates. Design definition and feasibility studies included the development of a labyrinth shield ring concept to prevent radiation streaming between the torus spool and the TF coil cryostat. The labyrinth shield concept which was developed reduced radiation streaming sufficiently to permit contact maintenance of the inboard EF coils. Various concepts of preventing arcing between adjacent shield sectors were also explored. It was concluded that installation of copper straps with molybdenum thermal radiation shields would provide the most reliable means of preventing arcing. Other design studies included torus spool electrical/structural concepts, test module shielding, torus seismic response, poloidal conditions in the magnets, disruption characteristics, and eddy current effects. These additional studies had no significant impact on cost but did confirm the feasibility of the basic FED Baseline concept

  2. Predictive biochemical assays for late radiation effects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rubin, P.; Finkelstein, J.N.; Siemann, D.W.; Shapiro, D.L.; Van Houtte, P.; Penney, D.P.

    1986-04-01

    Surfactant precursors or other products of Type II pneumocytes have the potential to be the first biochemical marker for late radiation effects. This is particularly clinically important in the combined modality era because of the frequent occurrence of pneumonitis and pulmonary fibrosis secondary to radiation or chemotherapy. Accordingly, correlative studies have been pursued with the Type II pneumocyte as a beginning point to understand the complex pathophysiology of radiation pneumonitis and fibrosis. From our ultrastructural and biochemical studies, it is evident that Type II pneumocytes are an early target of radiation and the release of surfactant into the alveolus shortly after exposure persists for days and weeks. Through the use of lavaging techniques, alveolar surfactant has been elevated after pulmonary irradiation. In three murine strains and in the rabbit, there is a strong correlation with surfactant release at 7 and/or 28 days in vivo with later lethality in months. In vitro studies using cultures of type II pneumocytes also demonstrate dose response and tolerance factors that are comparable to the in vivo small and large animal diagnostic models. New markers are being developed to serve as a predictive index for later lethal pneumonopathies. With the development of these techniques, the search for early biochemical markers in man has been undertaken. Through the use of biochemical, histological, and ultrastructural techniques, a causal relationship between radiation effects on type II pneumocytes, pulmonary cells, endothelial cells of blood vessels, and their roles in the production of pneumonitis and fibrosis will evolve.

  3. Predictive biochemical assays for late radiation effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Surfactant precursors or other products of Type II pneumocytes have the potential to be the first biochemical marker for late radiation effects. This is particularly clinically important in the combined modality era because of the frequent occurrence of pneumonitis and pulmonary fibrosis secondary to radiation or chemotherapy. Accordingly, correlative studies have been pursued with the Type II pneumocyte as a beginning point to understand the complex pathophysiology of radiation pneumonitis and fibrosis. From our ultrastructural and biochemical studies, it is evident that Type II pneumocytes are an early target of radiation and the release of surfactant into the alveolus shortly after exposure persists for days and weeks. Through the use of lavaging techniques, alveolar surfactant has been elevated after pulmonary irradiation. In three murine strains and in the rabbit, there is a strong correlation with surfactant release at 7 and/or 28 days in vivo with later lethality in months. In vitro studies using cultures of type II pneumocytes also demonstrate dose response and tolerance factors that are comparable to the in vivo small and large animal diagnostic models. New markers are being developed to serve as a predictive index for later lethal pneumonopathies. With the development of these techniques, the search for early biochemical markers in man has been undertaken. Through the use of biochemical, histological, and ultrastructural techniques, a causal relationship between radiation effects on type II pneumocytes, pulmonary cells, endothelial cells of blood vessels, and their roles in the production of pneumonitis and fibrosis will evolve

  4. Fully portable blood irradiator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A fully portable blood irradiator was developed using the beta emitter thulium-170 as the radiation source and vitreous carbon as the body of the irradiator, matrix for isotope encapsulation, and blood interface material. These units were placed in exteriorized arteriovenous shunts in goats, sheep, and dogs and the effects on circulating lymphocytes and on skin allograft retention times measured. The present work extends these studies by establishing baseline data for skin graft rejection times in untreated animals

  5. Clinical Testing of Blood Glucose Meter Rapid Clinical Significance and Ap-plication of Conventional Biochemical Analyzer%刍议临床血糖检验中快速血糖仪与常规生化仪应用的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金英

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究快速血糖仪以及常规生化仪应用于临床血糖检验工作中发挥的效果。方法选择2013年5月-2014年5月该院68例患者,按每组34例分别设置对照组和观察组,对照组选择常规生化仪开展血糖检验工作,观察组通过快速血糖仪对患者血糖进行临床检验,比较两组检验结果。结果对照组患者最终测出的血糖值为(7.73±3.26)mmol/L;观察组患者最终的血糖检验值为(7.26±3.13)mmol/L,两组患者的检测结果差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论针对患者的临床血糖检验工作,采用快速血糖仪以及常规生化仪所检出的结果不存在显著区别,应用效果不存在明显差异,但是快速血糖仪在检验操作上更为快捷和方便,应用优势较突出。%Objective To study the fast blood glucose meter and biochemical analyzer used in clinical routine blood test work, play effect. Methods From May 2013 to May 2014 in our hospital 68 patients, 34 cases in each group were set ac-cording to the control group and observation group and control group selection routine blood chemistry analyzer to carry out inspection work, study group patients by rapid blood glucose meter clinical blood test, the test results were compared. Re-sults The final group of patients measured blood glucose value (7.73 ± 3.26) mmol / L; Observation group were eventually glucose test is ( 7.26±3.13)mmol/ L, the test results of the two groups were not significantly different, not statistically sig-nificance (P>0.05). Conclusion For patients with clinical blood test work, using rapid blood glucose meter and convention-al biochemical analyzer results are detected significant differences do not exist, there is no significant difference in the ef-fect of the application, but a more rapid glucose meter quick and easy on the test operation, the application more prominent advantages.

  6. Multiplexing oscillatory biochemical signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Ronde, Wiet; ten Wolde, Pieter Rein

    2014-04-01

    In recent years it has been increasingly recognized that biochemical signals are not necessarily constant in time and that the temporal dynamics of a signal can be the information carrier. Moreover, it is now well established that the protein signaling network of living cells has a bow-tie structure and that components are often shared between different signaling pathways. Here we show by mathematical modeling that living cells can multiplex a constant and an oscillatory signal: they can transmit these two signals simultaneously through a common signaling pathway, and yet respond to them specifically and reliably. We find that information transmission is reduced not only by noise arising from the intrinsic stochasticity of biochemical reactions, but also by crosstalk between the different channels. Yet, under biologically relevant conditions more than 2 bits of information can be transmitted per channel, even when the two signals are transmitted simultaneously. These observations suggest that oscillatory signals are ideal for multiplexing signals. PMID:24685537

  7. Influence of season on the hematological and serum biochemical values of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) housed in a controlled environment in northern Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macchi, Elisabetta; Pezzoli, Lorenzo; Ponzio, Patrizia

    2011-09-01

    Season appears to influence the physiology of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). From 2000 to 2005, blood parameters of three captive bottlenose dolphins housed in northern Italy were examined to determine if seasonal variation was present. Seasonal variation was observed in the male dolphins, with both males exhibiting aminotransferase levels that were higher in autumn and lower in winter. Mean serum creatinine levels were higher during summer and lower during autumn in the adult male, and mean lactate dehydrogenase higher during summer and lower during spring in the juvenile male. Both males exhibited red blood cell counts and hemoglobin levels that were higher during autumn and lower during summer. This study contributes to the knowledge of baseline hematologic and biochemical values based on seasonality in bottlenose dolphins. PMID:22950322

  8. Pinellas Plant Environmental Baseline Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1997-06-01

    The Pinellas Plant has been part of the Department of Energy`s (DOE) nuclear weapons complex since the plant opened in 1957. In March 1995, the DOE sold the Pinellas Plant to the Pinellas County Industry Council (PCIC). DOE has leased back a large portion of the plant site to facilitate transition to alternate use and safe shutdown. The current mission is to achieve a safe transition of the facility from defense production and prepare the site for alternative uses as a community resource for economic development. Toward that effort, the Pinellas Plant Environmental Baseline Report (EBR) discusses the current and past environmental conditions of the plant site. Information for the EBR is obtained from plant records. Historical process and chemical usage information for each area is reviewed during area characterizations.

  9. TWRS privatization process technical baseline

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orme, R.M.

    1996-09-13

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is planning a two-phased program for the remediation of Hanford tank waste. Phase 1 is a pilot program to demonstrate the procurement of treatment services. The volume of waste treated during the Phase 1 is a small percentage of the tank waste. During Phase 2, DOE intends to procure treatment services for the balance of the waste. The TWRS Privatization Process Technical Baseline (PPTB) provides a summary level flowsheet/mass balance of tank waste treatment operations which is consistent with the tank inventory information, waste feed staging studies, and privatization guidelines currently available. The PPTB will be revised periodically as privatized processing concepts are crystallized.

  10. Integrated Baseline Review (IBR) Handbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Jon F.; Kehrer, Kristen C.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this handbook is intended to be a how-to guide to prepare for, conduct, and close-out an Integrated Baseline Review (IBR). It discusses the steps that should be considered, describes roles and responsibilities, tips for tailoring the IBR based on risk, cost, and need for management insight, and provides lessons learned from past IBRs. Appendices contain example documentation typically used in connection with an IBR. Note that these appendices are examples only, and should be tailored to meet the needs of individual projects and contracts. Following the guidance in this handbook will help customers and suppliers preparing for an IBR understand the expectations of the IBR, and ensure that the IBR meets the requirements for both in-house and contract efforts.

  11. 327 Building hazard baseline document

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document identifies the hazards in the 327 Building at the time that a facility walk through was performed during FY99, presents a PHA of stabilization and deactivation activities, and provides a basis for the hazard evaluation and accident analysis that will be developed in the 327 Building Basis for Interim Operation (BIO). Activities addressed in this hazard baseline document include: (1) Stabilization and deactivation activities in preparation for eventual decommissioning of the 327 Building and the routine handling, processing, and shipment of waste to support these activities. (2) 324/327 Building Minimum Safe Project engineering and maintenance activities to maintain the building and systems viable--especially the Safety SSCs--to allow stabilization, deactivation, and waste handling activities with a minimum of risk to workers, the public, and the environment

  12. Atlantic NAD 83 SLA Baseline Tangents

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains baseline tangent lines in ArcGIS shapefile format for the BOEM Atlantic Region. Baseline tangent lines are typically bay or river closing...

  13. Atlantic NAD 83 SLA Baseline Points

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains baseline points in ArcGIS shapefile format for the BOEM Atlantic Region. Baseline points are the discrete coordinate points along the...

  14. Ⅰ型、Ⅱ型酮病对奶牛血液某些理化参数的影响%Effect of typeⅠand type Ⅱ ketosis on Some Blood Biochemical Parameters of Dairy Cow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李影; 孙玲伟; 张洪友; 夏成; 徐闯; 高阳; 钱伟东

    2014-01-01

    本试验旨在了解Ⅰ型、Ⅱ型酮病发生时奶牛体内某些理化参数的变化。在某集约化牛场随机选取产后7~28 d、平均胎次为2~3胎的试验奶牛,根据血浆中β-羟丁酸(BHBA)、葡萄糖(Glc)、游离脂肪酸(NEFA)的含量以及临床发病特点分为Ⅰ型酮病组(20头)、Ⅱ型酮病组(20头)和健康对照组(10头)。结果显示,三组间血浆中Glc、BH-BA、NEFA的浓度与体况评分存在显著差异(P<0.05),但三组试验奶牛的泌乳量、产后天数、血浆中胰岛素(INS)含量彼此间无显著性差异(P>0.05)。Ⅰ型酮病、Ⅱ型酮病与健康对照组之间的理化参数存在显著差异,为深入探究奶牛Ⅰ型酮病与Ⅱ型酮临床病理学、早期检测和诊断以及详细的发病机理提供依据,为今后有效地预防奶牛Ⅰ型、Ⅱ型酮病奠定基础。%The objective is to investigate some biochemical parameters changes in type I and typeⅡ ketosis of dairy cows. The experimental cows with two or three parities were selected at 7~28 days postpartum in a intensive dairy farm. Cows were classified as type I ketotic (K1, 20 cows), type Ⅱ ketotic (K2, 20 cows), and healthy control group (C, 10 cows) based on the glucose (Glc) and 3-hydroxybutyrate acid (BHBA) levels and the clinical signs. The results revealed that body condition scores, Glc, BHBA and NEFA plasma levels were significantly different among three groups (P0.05). Conclusion that some biochemical parameters were significantly different among type I ketosis, type Ⅱketosis and healthy control cows, thereby providing impor-tant information on the pathogenesis, early diagnosis, and prevention of type I and type Ⅱ keto-sis in dairy cows.

  15. Hematological and serum biochemical parameters of blood in adolescent rats and histomorphological changes in the jejunal epithelium and liver after chronic exposure to cadmium and lead in the case of supplementation with green tea vs black, red or white tea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaszewska, Ewa; Winiarska-Mieczan, Anna; Dobrowolski, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    Rats were used to check whether regular consumption of black, red, or white tea would have a protective effect similar to the action of green tea on the intestine and liver in the case of exposure to Cd and Pb within the limits of human environmental exposure to these elements. Rats at the age of 6 weeks were divided into the control and four groups supplemented with green (GT), black (BT), red (RT), or white (WT) tea extracts. Their diet (except the control) was mixed with 7 mg Cd/kg and 50mg Pb/kg. The experiment lasted 12 weeks. The effects of administration of tea in Cd- and Pb-poisoned rats on plasma biochemical parameters and the jejunal epithelium and liver were determined. The highest body mass was found in the GT group. The highest hemoglobin and Fe concentrations were in the control and GT groups. The highest activity of AST was in groups poisoned with Cd and Pb independently on supplementation. The highest ALT activity was in BT and RT groups with lower content of polifenoles. Pb and Cd disturbed the liver leading to necrosis and fatty degenerative changes, and a loss of normal architecture of the hepatocytes. Rats from the GT group had the highest cell proliferation rate in intestinal glands and the largest absorptive surface. Black, red, and white tea exerted a varied impact on the histological structure and innervation of the small intestine wall as well as on the absorptive function of small intestine mucosa in rats poisoned with Pb and Cd than green tea. On the other hand, taking into account the number of apoptotic cells, the effect of the teas was the same. Moreover, it is clear that long term exposure to Cd and Pb contamination causes toxic effect in the liver.

  16. Haematology and serum biochemical parameters in free-ranging African side neck turtle (Pelusios sinuatus in Ibadan, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.O. Omonona

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The haematology and serum biochemical parameters in free-ranging African side neck turtle (Pelusios sinuatus in Ibadan, Nigeria was carried out with the view of establishing baseline blood health indices of this species and generating data which could be useful in the comparative physiology of turtles. A total of sixty free ranging turtles comprising juveniles and adults of both sexes were used for the study. The mean values for the RBC, PCV, Hb, MCV, MCH and WBC counts observed in male juvenile were significantly higher (P < 0.05 than those of the females. Nevertheless, in adult turtles, the mean values for the RBC, PCV, Hb, MCV, MCH and WBC counts observed in females were significantly higher (P < 0.05 than those of the males. Similarly, in juvenile turtles, the absolute heterophil, lymphocyte and monocyte counts in females were relatively higher (P < 0.05 than that of male while in adult turtles there were no significant differences (P < 0.05 in these parameters between the males and females. There were no significant difference (P < 0.05 in the values for the total protein, albumin, globulin, creatinine, serum glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase (SGOT, serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT and blood urea nitrogen in the males and females of both the juvenile and adult turtles. The outcome of this study presents baseline data on the haematology and serum biochemical parameters in free-ranging African side neck turtle (Pelusios sinuatus in Ibadan, Nigeria, which could also serve as a template for the comparative physiology of fresh and sea turtles.

  17. 比较去离子水稀释法与高速离心法减少血脂对生化检测结果干扰的效果%To compare the effect of the interference of the blood lipid in the biochemical test results by comparing the dilution method with the high speed centrifugal method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许小林

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To explore the effect of reducing blood lipid in biochemical test results by the method of dilution water dilution and high speed centrifugation.Methods: We used the (TAG) three acyl glycerol interference experiment to apply the matched dilute multiple of distilled water, and then treated with high speed centrifugation and de ionized water dilution method. To compare the effect of two groups on reducing blood lipid interference.Results: the difference between the results of P and Ca was significant (P 0.05), not statistically significant.Conclusion:the use of de ionized water dilution method can effectively reduce the blood lipids, and the results of biochemical tests, it is worthy of clinical application.%目的:探究去离子水稀释法与高速离心法减少血脂对生化检测结果干扰的效果。方法:我院采用(TAG)三酰甘油干扰实验应用相匹配的去离子水稀释倍数,然后再采用高速离心法和去离子水稀释法对血清进行处理。比较两组方法的减少血脂干扰的效果。结果:经去离子水稀释法与高速离心法处理后,Ca与P的结果之间的差异显著(P<0.05),具有统计学意义。而其他检查项目,未有显著差异(P>0.05),不具有统计学意义。结论:采用去离子水稀释法能有效减少血脂,精确生化检查的结果,值得临床应用。

  18. Produção leiteira, composição do leite e perfil bioquímico sanguíneo de vacas lactantes sob suplementação com sal aniônico Milk yield, milk composition and biochemical blood profile of lactating cows supplemented with anionic salt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcia Treptow Marques

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da inclusão de sal aniônico na dieta sobre as características físicas e a composição química do leite, o perfil bioquímico sanguíneo, a produção de leite, o peso e a condição corporal de vacas em lactação. Foram utilizadas 20 vacas da raça Jersey distribuídas em duas dietas, uma sem adição de sal aniônico e outra com adição de 0,25 kg/dia de cloreto de amônio. O delineamento empregado foi o completamente casualizado. As vacas sob suplementação com sal aniônico apresentaram menor pH urinário e aumento das concentrações sanguíneas de ureia, cálcio e magnésio. Com a dieta aniônica, o leite precipitou com menores concentrações de etanol, apresentou menor densidade, porcentagens de lactose, proteína e imunoglobulina, porém maior teor de cálcio iônico. O fornecimento de dieta aniônica durante a lactação resultou em acidose metabólica, o que alterou o perfil bioquímico sanguíneo e as características físico-químicas do leite.The objective of this work was to evaluate the inclusion of anionic salt in the diet on the physical characteristics and chemical composition of milk, biochemical blood profile, milk yield, body weight and condition. It was used 20 Jersey cows, distributed into two diets, a diet with no addition of anionic salt and one diet with addition of 0.25 kg/day of ammonium chloride. It was used a completely randomized design. Cows supplemented with anionic salt presented lower urinary pH and increase of blood contents of urea, calcium and magnesium. With the anionic diet, milk precipitated with lower ethanol concentration and it presented lower density, percentages of lactose, protein and immunoglobulin, but higher ionic calcium content. Supply of anionic diet during lactation resulted in metabolic acidosis, which altered the blood biochemical profile and milk physical-chemical characteristics.

  19. Biochemical fuel cell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weidlich, E.; Richter, G.

    1978-03-30

    Until now, biochemical fuel cells have suffered a reduction of capacity in operation due to omission of internal contact between the electrodes and the diaphragm. This disadvantage is remedied by the invention by connecting the oxygen electrode with a rigid electrode frame and providing means for pressing the fuel electrode to the diaphragm and the diaphragm to the oxygen electrode on the side of the fuel electrode away from the diaphragm. The means of exerting pressure can be metal springs, but preferably elastomers, particularly silicon rubber, or springy gels are used.

  20. Space Station-Baseline Configuration

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    In response to President Reagan's directive to NASA to develop a permanent marned Space Station within a decade, part of the State of the Union message to Congress on January 25, 1984, NASA and the Administration adopted a phased approach to Station development. This approach provided an initial capability at reduced costs, to be followed by an enhanced Space Station capability in the future. This illustration depicts the baseline configuration, which features a 110-meter-long horizontal boom with four pressurized modules attached in the middle. Located at each end are four photovoltaic arrays generating a total of 75-kW of power. Two attachment points for external payloads are provided along this boom. The four pressurized modules include the following: A laboratory and habitation module provided by the United States; two additional laboratories, one each provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) and Japan; and an ESA-provided Man-Tended Free Flyer, a pressurized module capable of operations both attached to and separate from the Space Station core. Canada was expected to provide the first increment of a Mobile Serving System.

  1. Shifting Baselines, Science, and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, J. B.

    2006-12-01

    All of us have a deeply personal concept of nature based upon our childhood perceptions of the world around us, and of the subsequent degradation of nature by the experiences of our lifetimes. Yet even the most rudimentary knowledge of history clearly demonstrates that the modern rise of human population and consumption have wreaked havoc on global ecosystems to the extent that nowhere is close to natural or pristine and that most places have been increasingly degraded over many centuries. This disconnect between direct personal experience and abstract historical perspective is the problem of "shifting baselines" that is the fundamental impediment to basic scientific understanding and environmental policy, and affects scientists as much as the general public, business, and government. Scientists in particular suffer from the inability to directly observe and experimentally verify causes and effects of previous changes in ecosystems that now bear so little resemblance to their natural state. Under the circumstances, it is essential for scientists to draw scientific conclusions based on imperfect data and to publicly explain, defend, and discuss their conclusions as the best possible science given present information. The failure to do so makes science virtually irrelevant to social and environmental policy and government.

  2. 2016 Annual Technology Baseline (ATB)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cole, Wesley; Kurup, Parthiv; Hand, Maureen; Feldman, David; Sigrin, Benjamin; Lantz, Eric; Stehly, Tyler; Augustine, Chad; Turchi, Craig; O' Connor, Patrick; Waldoch, Connor

    2016-09-01

    Consistent cost and performance data for various electricity generation technologies can be difficult to find and may change frequently for certain technologies. With the Annual Technology Baseline (ATB), National Renewable Energy Laboratory provides an organized and centralized dataset that was reviewed by internal and external experts. It uses the best information from the Department of Energy laboratory's renewable energy analysts and Energy Information Administration information for conventional technologies. The ATB will be updated annually in order to provide an up-to-date repository of current and future cost and performance data. Going forward, we plan to revise and refine the values using best available information. The ATB includes both a presentation with notes (PDF) and an associated Excel Workbook. The ATB includes the following electricity generation technologies: land-based wind; offshore wind; utility-scale solar PV; concentrating solar power; geothermal power; hydropower plants (upgrades to existing facilities, powering non-powered dams, and new stream-reach development); conventional coal; coal with carbon capture and sequestration; integrated gasification combined cycle coal; natural gas combustion turbines; natural gas combined cycle; conventional biopower. Nuclear laboratory's renewable energy analysts and Energy Information Administration information for conventional technologies. The ATB will be updated annually in order to provide an up-to-date repository of current and future cost and performance data. Going forward, we plan to revise and refine the values using best available information.

  3. Blood transfusions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... called homologous blood donation. Many communities have a blood bank at which any healthy person can donate blood. ... need to arrange with your hospital or local blood bank before your surgery to have directed donor blood. ...

  4. Biochemical Hypermedia: Galactose Metabolism.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.K. Sugai

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Animations of biochemical processes and virtual laboratory environments lead to true molecular simulations. The use of interactive software’s in education can improve cognitive capacity, better learning and, mainly, it makes information acquisition easier. Material and Methods: This work presents the development of a biochemical hypermedia to understanding of the galactose metabolism. It was developed with the help of concept maps, ISIS Draw, ADOBE Photoshop and FLASH MX Program. Results and Discussion: A step by step animation process shows the enzymatic reactions of galactose conversion to glucose-1-phosphate (to glycogen synthesis, glucose-6-phosphate (glycolysis intermediary, UDP-galactose (substrate to mucopolysaccharides synthesis and collagen’s glycosylation. There are navigation guide that allow scrolling the mouse over the names of the components of enzymatic reactions of via the metabolism of galactose. Thus, explanatory text box, chemical structures and animation of the actions of enzymes appear to navigator. Upon completion of the module, the user’s response to the proposed exercise can be checked immediately through text box with interactive content of the answer. Conclusion: This hypermedia was presented for undergraduate students (UFSC who revealed that it was extremely effective in promoting the understanding of the theme.

  5. Changes in blood pressure indices in normotensive adults after the consumption of lemongrass tea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Ekpenyong

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To accurately evaluate the effect of lemongrasses tea (LGT on blood pressure (BP indices in normal humans. Methods: A total of 105 participants were sub-divided into 3 groups with 35 in each group and they were administered with LGT prepared from 2, 4 or 8 g of the lemongrass leaf powder (LP for 30 days, respectively. They were evaluated for various BP indices and other clinical and biochemical parameters at days 0, 10 and 30 after the administration of LGT using standard methods. Results: At day 10, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure (DBP were lower than baseline levels. The mean arterial pressure was slightly reduced, while pulse pressure and heart rate (HR significantly increased in subjects administered with LGT prepared from 4 or 8 g of the LP. At day 30, systolic blood pressure and DBP remained decreased in participants administered with LGT prepared from 4 g of the LP. DBP normalized in participants administered with LGT prepared from 4 g of the LP. The mean arterial pressure and HR decreased further in participants administered with LGT prepared from 8 g of the LP, but HR normalized in subjects treated with LGT prepared from 4 g of the LP. Pulse pressure almost returned to baseline level. Conclusions: Ingestion of LGT may be associated with decreased BP indices in normotensive humans due to its varied bioactive constituents and their activities.

  6. Effects of adding aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris to diet on productive performance, egg quality characteristics, and blood biochemical parameters of laying hens reared under low ambient temperature (6.8 ± 3 °C)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbari, Mohsen; Torki, Mehran

    2016-06-01

    A study was conducted using 144 laying hens to evaluate the effects of adding aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris to diets on productive performance, egg quality traits, and some blood parameters of laying hens reared under cold stress condition (6.8 ± 3 °C). The birds were randomly assigned to each of four dietary treatments (C, T1, T2, and T3) with six replicate cages of six birds. Diet inclusion of aqueous extract of T. terrestris at the rate of 10, 20, and 30 ml/Lit offered to groups T1, T2, and T3, respectively, while group C served as the control diet with no addition. Feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), egg weight (EW), egg production (EP), and egg mass (EM) were evaluated during the 42-day trial period. The EP and EM increased, whereas FCR decreased ( P < 0.001) in the hens fed the extract-included diet as compared to those fed the basal diet. The serum content of cholesterol decreased and the thickness of egg shell increased in the hens fed the T2 and T3 diet compared to those fed the basal diet. Overall from the results of the present experiment, it can be concluded that diet supplementation with aqueous extract of T. terrestris has beneficial effects on productive performance of laying hens reared under cold stress condition.

  7. Effects of adding aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris to diet on productive performance, egg quality characteristics, and blood biochemical parameters of laying hens reared under low ambient temperature (6.8 ± 3 °C).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbari, Mohsen; Torki, Mehran

    2016-06-01

    A study was conducted using 144 laying hens to evaluate the effects of adding aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris to diets on productive performance, egg quality traits, and some blood parameters of laying hens reared under cold stress condition (6.8 ± 3 °C). The birds were randomly assigned to each of four dietary treatments (C, T1, T2, and T3) with six replicate cages of six birds. Diet inclusion of aqueous extract of T. terrestris at the rate of 10, 20, and 30 ml/Lit offered to groups T1, T2, and T3, respectively, while group C served as the control diet with no addition. Feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), egg weight (EW), egg production (EP), and egg mass (EM) were evaluated during the 42-day trial period. The EP and EM increased, whereas FCR decreased (P hens fed the extract-included diet as compared to those fed the basal diet. The serum content of cholesterol decreased and the thickness of egg shell increased in the hens fed the T2 and T3 diet compared to those fed the basal diet. Overall from the results of the present experiment, it can be concluded that diet supplementation with aqueous extract of T. terrestris has beneficial effects on productive performance of laying hens reared under cold stress condition. PMID:26471188

  8. Effects of ω-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid on Changes of Blood Biochemical Parameters in the Patients with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Caused by Multiple Trauma%ω-3多不饱和脂肪酸对多发伤SIRS患者血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵剑波; 张秀梅; 祝捷; 周红珠

    2013-01-01

    Objective explore the effects of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid(ω-3 PUFAs) on blood biochemical parameters in the patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome caused by multiple trauma.Methods sixty-seven cases of systemic inflammatory response syndrome patients caused by multiple trauma admitted from January 2010 to March 2012 in our hospital were randomly selected.67 patients were divided into two groups,namely,ω-3 PUFAs group (n =34) and placebo group (n =33).Blood biochemical parameters before the treatment and after the that were compared.Results After the treatment for 7 days,the temperature,pulse,respiratory rate,WBC,Glu,PaO2,AG and PaCO2 were significantly different compared with the values before treatment in ω-3 PUFAs group (P <0.05),HCO3 (P <0.O1),while Hb had no change.Compared with control group,the temperature,pulse,respiratory rate,WBC and PaO2 of ω-3 PUFAs group were also significantly changed (P < 0.05).Conclusion ω-3 PUFAs can regulate blood biochemical indicators in the patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome and effectively control the systemic inflammatory response syndrome via improving the incidence rate of hypoxemia,metabolic acidosis,respiratory acidosis and thus relieving disease progression and reducing mortality.%目的 探讨ω-3多不饱和脂肪酸对多发伤引起的全身炎症反应综合征(SIRS)患者血液生化指标的影响.方法 从2010年1月~ 2012年3月笔者医院收治的多发伤引起的SIRS患者中采用数字表法随机抽取67例,并随机分为ω-3多不饱和脂肪酸治疗组(n=34)和安慰剂对照组(n=33),比较两组患者在治疗前后血液生化指标的变化情况.结果 治疗7天后,与治疗前相比,除Hb之外,治疗组患者的体温、心率、呼吸频率、WBC、Glu、PaO2、AG和PaCO2等各项指标均有显著性变化(P<0.05),HCO3-有极显著性差异(P<0.01);而与对照组相比,治疗组在体温、心率、呼吸频率、WBC和PaO2等方

  9. Hospital doctors' assessment of baseline spirometry.

    OpenAIRE

    Stephenson, N.; Morgan, R.; Abdel-Rahman-Abdel-Wahab, E.; Turnbull, C. J.

    1998-01-01

    Baseline spirometry is useful in diagnosing and managing pulmonary disease. In a questionnaire survey of 100 hospital doctors in two hospitals in the Mersey region, their views and ability to interpret baseline spirometry was assessed. Of the 70 doctors who responded, 65% felt they could accurately interpret baseline spirometry. However, only 12% accurately interpreted all five vitalographs in the questionnaire. The majority (72%) felt they had not had adequate teaching in interpretation of s...

  10. Hazard Baseline Downgrade Effluent Treatment Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Hazard Baseline Downgrade reviews the Effluent Treatment Facility, in accordance with Department of Energy Order 5480.23, WSRC11Q Facility Safety Document Manual, DOE-STD-1027-92, and DOE-EM-STD-5502-94. It provides a baseline grouping based on the chemical and radiological hazards associated with the facility. The Determination of the baseline grouping for ETF will aid in establishing the appropriate set of standards for the facility

  11. Use of predefined biochemical admission profiles does not reduce the number of tests or total cost

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pareek, Manan; Haidl, Felix; Folkestad, Lars;

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate whether the use of predefined biochemical profiles as an alternative to individually ordered blood tests by the treating physicians resulted in fewer tests or a lower total cost.......The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate whether the use of predefined biochemical profiles as an alternative to individually ordered blood tests by the treating physicians resulted in fewer tests or a lower total cost....

  12. BIOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivek

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetic nephropathy is a clinical syndrome characterized by the following- Persistent albuminuria (>300mg/d or >200μg/min, that is confirmed on at least 2 occasions 3-6 months apart diabetic, progressive decline in the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR, elevated arterial blood pressure. The earliest biochemical criteria for the diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy is the presence of micro-albumin in the urine, which if left untreated will eventually lead to End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD. Micro-albuminuria refers to the excretion of albumin in the urine at a rate that exceeds normal limits. The current study was conducted to establish the prevalence of micro-albuminuria in a sequential sample of diabetic patients attending hospital and OPD Clinic to determine its relationship with known and putative risk factors to identify micro- and normo-albuminuric patients in their sample for subsequent comparison in different age, sex, weight and creatinine clearance of the micro- and normo-albuminuric patients. This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in one hundred patients at Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences, Anwarpur, Hapur, U. P. Patients having diabetes mellitus in different age group ranging from 30 to 70 years were selected. Data was analysed by SPSS software. Micro-albuminuria was observed in 35% in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It was observed that 65% patients were free from any type of albuminuria. Also micro-albuminuria was present in 10% of the patients less than 50 yrs. of age, while 15% of the patients more than 50 yrs. of age were having micro-albuminuria. There was a statistically significant correlation of micro-albuminuria with duration of diabetes. Incidence of micro-albuminuria increases with age as well as increased duration of diabetes mellitus. Our study shows that only 5% patients developed macro-albuminuria. Glycosylated haemoglobin and fasting plasma glucose was significantly raised among all these

  13. Biochemical synthesis with stable isotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Descriptions of the biochemical synthesis of glucose-13C6 from Agmenellum quadruplication; the biochemical labelling of [13C, 15N] Chlorella and [13C] E. coli, [15N] E. coli, and the production of lactic-13C3 acid utilizing Lactobacillus casei are discussed

  14. 不同方案消除血脂对生化测定干扰的研究%Study of different schemes for eliminating influence of blood lipid on biochemical detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甄广怀; 周玉萍; 陈达富

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of high‐speed centrifugation ,dilution and ether extraction methods in eliminating the blood lipid interference to provide reference for eliminating this interference .Methods 100 cases of lipid samples ,the specimens were divided into 4 parts ,1 part of each group ,three groups were given high‐speed centrifugation ,dilution and ether extraction methods ,and another group was detected as the original plas‐ma .The differences before and after processing were compared among groups .The high‐speed centrifugation ,dilution and ether extraction methods adopted the variance analysis .Results Ca2+ ,UA ,Cr ,GLU ,ALB ,TP ,DBIL ,TBIL , AMY ,CK‐MB ,CK ,HBDH ,LDH ,γGT ,AST and ALT values detected by 3 kinds of method had statistically signifi‐cant differences between before and after processing (P<0 .05) .The detection value in descending order of serum dope testing ,deionized water dilution ,low‐speed centrifugation ,ether extraction .Conclusion The ether extraction method significantly affects the protein detection items ,the influence of ionized water dilution is minimum ,three kinds of method can be combined for use in clinical work .%目的:探讨高速离心法、稀释法、乙醚萃取法消除血脂干扰的效果,为消除血脂对生化检测的干扰提供参考。方法收集100例血脂标本,将标本分为4份,每组25份,其中3组分别给予高速离心法、稀释法、乙醚萃取法处理,另1组原血浆检测。比较处理前后各组间的差异,并对高速离心法、稀释法、乙醚萃取法组采用方差分析。结果3种方法对Ca2+、尿酸(UA)、肌酐(Cr)、血糖(GLU)、清蛋白(ALB)、总蛋白(TP)、直接胆红素(DBIL)、总胆红素(TBIL)、淀粉酶(AMY)、肌酸激酶同工酶(CK‐MB)、肌酸激酶(CK)、羟丁酸脱氢酶(HBDH)、乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)、谷氨酰基转移酶(γGT)、天门冬氨酸氨基转

  15. Blood culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culture - blood ... A blood sample is needed . The site where blood will be drawn is first cleaned with an antiseptic such ... organism from the skin getting into (contaminating) the blood sample and causing a false-positive result (see ...

  16. Blood Thinners

    Science.gov (United States)

    If you have some kinds of heart or blood vessel disease, or if you have poor blood flow to your brain, your doctor may recommend that you take a blood thinner. Blood thinners reduce the risk of heart ...

  17. Blood Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Patient Group Links Advocacy Toolkit Home For Patients Blood Basics Blood is a specialized body fluid. It ... about 9 pints. Jump To: The Components of Blood and Their Importance Many people have undergone blood ...

  18. Blood pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the walls of the arteries is called blood pressure. Blood pressure is measured both as the heart contracts, which ... as it relaxes, which is called diastole. Normal blood pressure is considered to be a systolic blood pressure ...

  19. NOD/SCID 小鼠主要脏器重量、血生理生化指标和免疫细胞的测定%The study on organ weights, blood physiological and biochemical parameters and immune cells in NOD/SCID mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王怀远; 吴旭颖; 张文明; 田玉书; 吴金峰; 王宇; 张亚静; 杨志伟

    2014-01-01

    目的:测定NOD/SCID小鼠的主要脏器重量、血生理生化指标和免疫细胞比例。方法选取5周龄和10周龄的NOD/SCID小鼠,测定主要脏器重量和血液生理生化指标;选取6周龄的NOD/SCID小鼠,利用流式细胞仪检测其T细胞及其亚群( T细胞-CD3+、T细胞亚群-CD4+T细胞、CD8+T细胞)、B细胞( CD19+或B220+)、NK细胞(NK1.1+)和粒细胞(CD11b+)。结果同性别NOD/SCID小鼠,不同周龄的双肾、肝脏、心脏和肺脏重量,血生理指标RBC、HGB、HCT、MCV、MCH和RDW,血生化指标TP、ALB、ALP、CHO和TBIL具有显著差异;同周龄的雌雄相比,血生理指标HCT,血生化指标GLOB、A/G、CHO、TG、TBIL和UN有显著差异。 NOD/SCID小鼠无T细胞(0.37±0.26)%、CD4+T细胞(0.35±0.13)%、CD8+T细胞(0.47±0.10)%、CD19+B细胞(0.13±0.05)%、B220+B细胞(1.20±0.44)%),有低水平NK细胞(6.90±0.82)%,粒细胞比例为(47.88±15.54)%。结论 NOD/SCID小鼠表现为为T、B、NK细胞联合免疫功能缺陷,周龄和性别对其脏器重量、血生理生化指标有一定影响。本研究的NOD/SCID小鼠品系的生理生化指标与国外生产的相同品系基本一致。%Objective To measure the organ weights , physiological and biochemical parameters and immune cells of NOD/SCID mice.Methods Mice at five and ten weeks of age were selected .The organ weights, blood physiological and biochemical parameters were observed .The percentages of CD 3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD19+, B220+, NK1.1+, and CD11b+were checked by FCM in NOD/SCID mice at six week of age in terms of its T , B lymphocyte function and NK cell activity.Results Among the same sex group of NOD/SCID mice, the weights of kidney, liver, heart and lung, and the blood physiological indexes of RBC , HGB, HCT, MCV, MCH, RDW, and the blood biochemical indexes of TP , ALB, ALP, CHO, TBIL show significant difference between 5 and 10

  20. 2株H5N1亚型禽流感病毒人工感染鸭的11项血液生化指标测定%Eleven Blood Biochemical Indexes Assay of Ducks Experimentally Infected with Two Avian Influenza Viruses(H5N1)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶远兰; 周泉鹤; 李玉谷

    2011-01-01

    鸭肌肉接种禽流感病毒A/duck/Guangdong/185/2004(H5N1)和A/duck/Guangdong/221/2004(H5N1)后,血清中的丙氨酸氨基转移酶、天门冬氨酸氨基转移酶、碱性磷酸酶、总蛋白、肌酐、总胆固醇、钙和磷明显升高;葡萄糖和甘油三酯明显降低;白蛋白表现为先下降后升高的变化趋势.作者认为,检测这些血液生化指标对于诊断禽流感具有一定的参考价值.%Ducks intramuscularly inoculated with avian influenza virus strains, A/duck/Guangdong/185/2004 (H5N1) and A/duck/Guangdong/221/2004(H5N1), showed that the serum alanine aminotransferase(glutamic-pyruvic transminase), aspartate aminotransferase(glutamic-oxaloacetic transminase), alkaline phosphatase, total protein, creatinine, cholesterol, calcium and phosphorus were significantly increased; while glucose and triglycerides were obviously decreased; albumin was decreased at first and increased later. We considered that assaying these blood biochemical indexes were useful for diagnosing avian influenza.

  1. EVALUATING BIOCHEMICAL INTERNET RESOURCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.M. Lima

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Many people fail to properly evaluate INTERNET information. This is often due to alack of understanding of the issues, by responsible authorities, and, morespecifically, a lack of understanding of the structure and modis operandi of theINTERNET tool. The aim of this project was to analyze biochemical issuesavailable in WEB pages, evaluating contents quality, coverage, accuracy, authorityand currency. Twenty three sites were analyzed for their contents, presence ofbibliographical references, authorship, titles responsibility and adequacy to targetpublic. The great majority (95% did not mention bibliographic references andtarget public. Less than half divulged names and/or graduation status ofresponsibles. Some sites contained critical conceptual errors, such as: oxygen isessential for anaerobic respiration; presence of H2O in photosynthesis dark phase;yeast is a pluricellular fungal; the overall equation of photosynthesis with errors;NADH2 instead NAD+; etc. None of the analyzed sites was thus consideredexcellent. Although the use of the internet is expanding rapidly on collegecampuses, little is known about students usage; how they perceive the reality ofinternet information and how successful they are in searching through it. Our datastrenghthen the need for rigorous evaluation concerning to educational research ofbiochemical themes on the WEB.

  2. Reference values for chinchilla (Chinchilla laniger blood cells and serum biochemical parameters Valores de referência para os parâmetros das células e bioquímica sangüínea da chinchila (Chinchilla laniger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tális de Oliveira Silva

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Raising chinchilla (Chinchilla laniger for commercial purpose has increased significantly; however, hematological and serum biochemical reference values have not yet been determined for chinchillas raised in south Brazil. Establishing blood cells and serum biochemistry reference values might be helpful to evaluate health status of chinchillas and might be used as a tool by clinicians. The purpose of this study was to determine the reference values for blood cells and serum biochemistry of Chinchilla laniger. Blood samples were collected by cardiac puncture from 16 adult males, at the time they were killed to remove the fur coat, and from 8 adult males anesthetized with ketamine and xylazine. Blood cell counts and serum biochemistry analysis were performed using standard techniques and the results were expressed as mean ± SEM. Analysis of blood parameters from post-mortem cardiac punctured and from anesthetized chinchillas indicated that blood samples from anesthetized chinchillas had higher PCV, Hemoglobin, MCHC and WBC (P A criação de chinchila (Chinchilla laniger com objetivos comerciais tem crescido muito nos últimos anos. No entanto, os valores de referência para os parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos não foram ainda determinados para chinchilas criados no sul do Brasil. O estabelecimento dos valores de referência para esses parâmetros pode servir de auxílio para a avaliação da saúde das chinchilas e servir de auxílio diagnóstico para o clínico. Esse estudo teve como objetivo determinar os valores de referência das células e da bioquímica sangüínea da Chinchilla laniger. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas por meio de punção cardíaca de 16 machos adultos no momento em que os animais foram mortos para remoção da pele, e de 8 machos adultos após anestesia com xylazina e ketamina. A contagem das células sangüíneas e a análise dos parâmetros bioquímicos foram feitas utilizando-se métodos padronizados em

  3. Blood biochemical parameters, nitrogen balance and gross energy metabolizability in pigs fed with different dietary electrolyte balancesParâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos, balanço de nitrogênio e metabolizabilidade da energia bruta em suínos alimentados com dietas contendo diferentes balanços eletrolíticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Daniel Giusti Bruno

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate different dietary electrolyte balance (DEB on the blood biochemical parameters, nitrogen balances and crude metabolizable energy of swine in the initial phase. Sixteen barrows were used, averaging 27.95 kg of initial weight, allotted individually in metabolic cages in a randomized blocks design with four treatments (DEB of 160, 208, 257 and 305 mEq/kg and 4 replicates. The blood biochemical parameters analyzed were chloride, potassium, sodium and urea in blood. Urine pH was also evaluated, and the parameters evaluated in nitrogen (N balance were N intake, fecal N, N excreted in urine, absorbed N, N retention, retained N/absorbed N and total excretion of N. The gross energy digestibility and metabolizibility coefficients were determined, and the respectives values of digestible and metabolizable energy. The values of urinary pH increased (P 0.05 between the evaluated DEB. A linear increase (P Objetivou-se com esse trabalho avaliar diferentes balanços eletrolíticos das dietas (BED sobre os parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos, balanços de nitrogênio e a metabolizabilidade da energia bruta, de suínos na fase inicial. Foram utilizados 16 suínos, machos castrados, com peso inicial de 27,95 kg, distribuídos individualmente em gaiolas metabólicas, em um delineamento experimental em blocos ao acaso com quatro tratamentos (BED de 160, 208, 257 e 305 mEq/kg e quatro repetições. Os parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos avaliados foram cloretos, potássio, sódio e uréia no soro. O pH da urina também foi avaliado, e as variáveis utilizadas no balanço de nitrogênio (N foram o N ingerido, N excretado nas fezes, N excretado na urina, N absorvido, N retido, N retido/N absorvido e excreção total de N. Foram determinados os coeficientes de digestibilidade e metabolizabilidade da energia bruta e seus respectivos valores de energia digestível e metabolizável. Os valores de pH urinário aumentaram (P 0,05 entre

  4. Evaluación del entrenamiento tradicional del caballo criollo chileno de rodeo mediante el análisis de variables fisiológicas y bioquímicas sanguíneas Evaluation of a traditional program of training in chilean rodeo criollo horses through the analysis of physiological and blood biochemical changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. GARCIA

    1999-01-01

    used to measure packed cell volume, haemoglobin, total proteins, glucose, triglycerides, lactic acid, insulin, cortisol, and electrolites (Na, Cl and Ca. The activity of enzymes, creatin kinase, lactic dehydrogenase and aspartate amino transferase were obtained before and after each training exercise. The physiological and blood biochemical variables were measured on days 0, 15, 30 and 45 of training. According to the results obtained it is concluded that the traditional on farm training exercise for Chilean Criollo horses is a short term and low speed exercise which represent a physical work of moderate intensity, producing small changes on physiological and blood biochemical variables suggesting that the principal aim of the conditioning program is to improve the ability of horses to stop the steers in the rodeo track than to obtain better physical fitness

  5. Life Support Baseline Values and Assumptions Document

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Molly S.; Ewert, Michael K.; Keener, John F.; Wagner, Sandra A.

    2015-01-01

    The Baseline Values and Assumptions Document (BVAD) provides analysts, modelers, and other life support researchers with a common set of values and assumptions which can be used as a baseline in their studies. This baseline, in turn, provides a common point of origin from which many studies in the community may depart, making research results easier to compare and providing researchers with reasonable values to assume for areas outside their experience. With the ability to accurately compare different technologies' performance for the same function, managers will be able to make better decisions regarding technology development.

  6. 复合酵母培养物对奶牛产奶性能、氮排放及血液生化指标的影响%Milk production,nitrogen excretion and blood biochemical parameter responses to di-etary addition of compound yeast cultures in dairy cows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲; 吕永艳; 程志伟; 杜高唐; 李金林; 付石军; 孙国强

    2015-01-01

    为研究饲料中添加复合酵母培养物对奶牛产奶性能、氮排放及血液生化指标的影响,选取年龄、体重、产奶量及泌乳期相近(135±15)d 的荷斯坦奶牛24头,随机分为4组,每个处理6个重复,对照组和3个试验组的复合酵母培养物添加量分别为精料浓度的0,0.8%,1.0%,1.2%,随精料饲喂,测定产奶量、乳成分、氮排放及血液生化指标,结果表明,1)试验2组日均产奶量显著高于对照组(P <0.05),各试验组分别比对照组提高8.48%,10.05%,8.97%。2)复合酵母培养物能显著提高乳脂和乳蛋白率(P <0.05),显著降低牛奶体细胞数(P <0.05),以试验2组最低。3)在氮排放量上,试验2组显著低于对照组(P <0.05),各试验组比对照组分别降低8.47%,12.01%,9.36%。4)在血液生化指标方面,复合酵母培养物能提高血清中总蛋白、球蛋白、血糖、胰岛素水平(P <0.05),降低尿素氮水平(P <0.05)。由此可见,本试验条件下,综合考虑产奶量、乳成分、氮排放及血液生化指标,复合酵母培养物的最佳添加量为精料浓度的1.0%。%This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of compound yeast cultures on the milk pro-duction,nitrogen excretion and blood biochemical parameters of dairy cows.A total of 24 Holstein lactating cows with similar parity,weight,milk yield and lactation stage (135±15 day in milk)were equally assigned to four groups,including one control group and 3 treatment groups,with dietary supplementation of compound yeast cultures at concentrations of 0,0.8%,1.0% and 1.2%,respectively.Milk yield,milk composition,ni-trogen excretion and blood biochemical parameters of each cow were recorded.The results showed:1 )The cows in the respective treatment groups had 8.48%,10.05%,8.97% higher daily milk yield than cows in the control

  7. Net haemoglobin increase from reinfusion of refrigerated vs. frozen red blood cells after autologous blood transfusions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashenden, M; Mørkeberg, Jakob Sehested

    2011-01-01

    freezing. Nevertheless, frozen storage allowed haemoglobin to fully recover before reinfusion, while the haemoglobin was 10% lower in the refrigerated group compared with baseline. After reinfusion, the haemoglobin levels were 11·5% higher than the baseline values in the group reinfused with frozen blood......BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES  Two main blood storage procedures can be used for storing red blood cells: refrigeration and freezing. Nevertheless, the efficiency of these procedures measured as the increase in haemoglobin after reinfusion compared with baseline has never been examined. The main...... objective was to examine which storage procedure yielded the largest increase in circulating haemoglobin after reinfusion compared to baseline. MATERIALS AND METHODS  Equal volumes of blood from 15 men were withdrawn and stored either frozen or refrigerated as packed red blood cells. Serial measures...

  8. Ouroboros - Playing A Biochemical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. T. Rodrigues

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Ouroboros: Playing A Biochemical RODRIGUES,D.T.1,2;GAYER, M.C.1,2; ESCOTO, D.F.1; DENARDIN, E.L.G.2, ROEHRS, R.1,2 1Interdisciplinary Research Group on Teaching Practice, Graduate Program in Biochemistry, Unipampa, RS, Brazil 2Laboratory of Physicochemical Studies and Natural Products, Post Graduate Program in Biochemistry, Unipampa, RS, Brazil Introduction: Currently, teachers seek different alternatives to enhance the teaching-learning process. Innovative teaching methodologies are increasingly common tools in educational routine. The use of games, electronic or conventional, is an effective tool to assist in learning and also to raise the social interaction between students. Objective: In this sense our work aims to evaluate the card game and "Ouroboros" board as a teaching and learning tool in biochemistry for a graduating class in Natural Sciences. Materials and methods: The class gathered 22 students of BSc in Natural Sciences. Each letter contained a question across the board that was drawn to a group to answer within the allotted time. The questions related concepts of metabolism, organic and inorganic chemical reactions, bioenergetics, etc.. Before the game application, students underwent a pre-test with four issues involving the content that was being developed. Soon after, the game was applied. Then again questions were asked. Data analysis was performed from the ratio of the number of correct pre-test and post-test answers. Results and discussion: In the pre-test 18.1% of the students knew all issues, 18.1% got 3 correct answers, 40.9% answered only 2 questions correctly and 22.7% did not hit any. In post-test 45.4% answered all the questions right, 31.8% got 3 questions and 22.7% got 2 correct answers. The results show a significant improvement of the students about the field of content taught through the game. Conclusion: Generally, traditional approaches of chemistry and biochemistry are abstract and complex. Thus, through games

  9. SSA FITARA Common Baseline Implementation Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This document describes the agency's plan to implement the Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) Common Baseline per OMB memorandum M-15-14.

  10. Breton Island, Louisiana Baseline (Geographic, NAD83)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Breton Island, Louisiana Baseline (Geographic, NAD83) consists of vector line data that were input into the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.0,...

  11. Monoenergetic neutrino beam for long baseline experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In an electron capture process by a nucleus, emitted neutrinos are monoenergetic. We study a long baseline experiment with such a completely monoenergetic neutrino beam. This talk is based on Refs. 1 and 2. (author)

  12. Baseline and cognition activated brain SPECT imaging in depression

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) abnormalities through the semiquantitative analysis of the baseline and cognition activated rCBF imaging in unmedicated depressed patients. Methods: 27 depressed patients unmedicated by anti-depressants were enrolled. The diagnosis (depression of moderate degree with somatization) was confirmed by the ICD-10 criteria. 15 age matched normal controls were studied under identical conditions. Baseline and cognition activated 99mTc-ECD SPECT were performed on 21 of the 27 patients with depression and 13 of the 15 normal controls. Baseline 99mTc-ECD SPECT alone were performed on the rest 6 patients with depression and 2 normal controls. The cognitive activation is achieved by Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). 1110 MBq of 99mTc-ECD was administered by intravenous bolus injection 5 minutes after the onset of the WCST. Semi-quantitative analysis was conducted with the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th slices of the transaxial imaging. rCBF ratios of every ROI were calculated using the average tissue activity in the region divided by the maximum activity in the cerebellum. Results: 1) The baseline rCBF of left frontal (0.720) and left temporal lobe (0.720) were decreased significantly in depressed patients comparing with those of the control subjects. 2) The activated rCBF of left frontal lobe (0.719) and left temporal lobe (0.690), left parietal lobe (0.701) were decreased evidently than those of the controls. Conclusions: 1) Hypoperfusions of left frontal and left temporal cortexes were identified in patients with depression. 2) The hypoperfusion of left frontal and left temporal cortexes may be the cause of cognition disorder and depressed mood in patients with depression. 3) Cognition activated brain perfusion imaging is helpful for making a more accurate diagnosis of depression

  13. Effect of Rice Peptide on Production Performance and Blood Physiological and Biochemical Indexes of Laying Hens%大米蛋白肽对热应激时蛋鸡生产性能和相关生理生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫东; 宋素芳; 程璞; 王章存

    2012-01-01

    Research the effect of rice peptide on the production performance and blood of physiological and biochemical indexes of laying hen during heat stress. 320 laying hens were randomly divided into 4 groups with 4 replications and fed with different diets. No. 1 Group was fed with basal diet; the No. 2 ~ 4 groups were fed with rice peptide of 1%, 1.5% and 2% to replace soybean protein in basal diet. Result showed that: under the heat stress, adding 1.5%~2% rice peptide can evidently increase lay rate,feed intake,the level of serum fatty,total protein and thyrox-ine(P<0.05) ; can evidently decrease Feed conversion ratio,blood sugar,and the level of aldosterone and cortisol (P<0.05).The mortality rate was also decreased. It indicated that the use of rice peptide of 1. 5%~2% exhibits good effect on the production performance and indexes of physiological and biochemical of laying hens.%研究在热应激的情况下,大米蛋白肽对蛋鸡生产性能和血液生理生化指标的影响.选择健康无病,体重相近的罗曼蛋鸡320只,随机分为4组,每组80只,下设4个重复,每个重复20只鸡.1组为对照组,2组、3组、4组为试验组,1组喂基础日粮,2、3、4组分别饲喂含1%、1.5%和2%的试验日粮.结果:在热应激条件下,添加1.5%~2%的大米蛋白肽能明显提高鸡的产蛋率、采食量、血液中的总蛋白、总脂和甲状腺素浓度(P<0.05),显著降低产蛋鸡的料蛋比、血液中的血糖、醛固酮和皮质醇(P<0.05),还能一定程度地降低鸡的死亡率.表明:在夏季,使用1.5%~2%的大米蛋白肽有利于提高蛋鸡的生产性能及改善相关的生理生化指标.

  14. Effects of Feed-Used Mannanase Transgenic Corn on Growth Performance, Carcass Performance and Blood Physiological and Biochemical Indexes of Broilers%饲用甘露聚糖酶转基因玉米对肉鸡生长性能、屠宰性能及血清生理生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟昆; 陈桂兰; 刘国华; 杨培龙; 姚斌

    2016-01-01

    本试验旨在研究甘露聚糖酶转基因玉米对肉鸡生长性能、屠宰性能及血清生理生化指标的影响。试验选择1日龄爱拔益加( AA)肉鸡480只,随机分成4个组,每组6个重复,每个重复20只鸡。4个组安排如下:组Ⅰ为非转基因玉米的对照组,不添加甘露聚糖酶;组Ⅱ为非转基因玉米添加低剂量微生物来源甘露聚糖酶组,甘露聚糖酶活力500 U/kg;组Ⅲ为低剂量甘露聚糖酶转基因玉米组,甘露聚糖酶活力500 U/kg;组Ⅳ为高剂量甘露聚糖酶转基因玉米组,甘露聚糖酶活力5000 U/kg。试验期42 d。结果表明:与对照组相比,组Ⅲ和Ⅳ42日龄肉鸡平均日增重有显著提高( P<0.05),组Ⅳ料重比显著降低( P<0.05)。组Ⅳ42日龄肉鸡屠宰率和全净膛率显著高于组Ⅱ和对照组( P<0.05)。组Ⅱ、Ⅲ和Ⅳ21和42日龄肉鸡的血液生理生化指标与对照组均没有显著差异( P>0.05)。由此可见,饲粮中添加甘露聚糖酶转基因玉米能提高受试肉鸡的生长性能和屠宰性能,但对血液生理生化指标没有显著影响。%This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of mannanase transgenic corn on growth performance, carcass performance and blood physiological and biochemical indexes of broilers.A total of 480 one-day-old Arbor Acres ( AA) broilers were randomly allocated to 4 groups, with 6 six replicates per group and 20 broilers per replicate.The four groups showed as follows: group Ⅰ, broilers fed non-transgenic corn without addition of mannanase as the control; group Ⅱ, broilers fed non-transgenic corn with addition of mi-crobial mannanase at low dosage of mannanase activity ( 500 U/kg);groupⅢ, broilers fed mannanase trans-genic corn with low dosage of mannanase activity (500 U/kg); and group Ⅳ, broilers fed mannanase trans-genic corn with high dose of mannase activity ( 5 000 U/kg) .The trial lasted for

  15. Baseline Omega-3 Index Correlates with Aggressive and Attention Deficit Disorder Behaviours in Adult Prisoners

    OpenAIRE

    Meyer, Barbara J.; Mitchell K Byrne; Carole Collier; Natalie Parletta; Donna Crawford; Winberg, Pia C.; David Webster; Karen Chapman; Gayle Thomas; Jean Dally; Marijka Batterham; Ian Farquhar; Anne-Marie Martin; Luke Grant

    2015-01-01

    Background There is emerging evidence that the supplementation of omega-3 contributes to a decrease in aggressive behaviour in prison populations. A challenge of such research is achieving statistical power against effect sizes which may be affected by the baseline omega-3 index. There are no published data on the blood omega-3 index with studies of this kind to assess the variability of the blood omega-3 index in conjunction with aggression and attention deficit assessments. Objective To det...

  16. Blood Types

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Blood Types KidsHealth > For Teens > Blood Types Print A A ... or straight hair instead of curly. ...Make Eight Blood Types The different markers that can be found in ...

  17. Seasonal variation in diagnostic enzymes and biochemical constituents of captive northern bobwhites and passerines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, E.F.; Murray, H.C.

    1987-01-01

    1. A variety of biochemical measurements were taken periodically in captive northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus L.), European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris L.), red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus L.) and common grackles (Quiscalus quiscula L.) to determine whether baseline values remain sufficiently stable throughout the year for general clinical use in the absence of concurrent control specimens. 2. Variables included whole blood hematocrit and hemoglobin, plasma lactate dehydrogenase, alpha-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, creatine kinase, butyrylcholinesterase, alkaline phosphatase, glucose, albumin, total protein, creatinine, urea nitrogen, uric acid, cholesterol, and triglycerides, and brain acetylcholinesterase. Butyryl- and acetylcholinesterase were included because of their specific uses in toxicology. 3. Significant seasonal differences were detected for each of the variables except brain acetylcholinesterase in at least one of the species. Significant species differences were detected during at least one season for all of the variables measured. 4. All species were maintained outdoors, but only northern bobwhites came into reproductive condition and showed sex-differences in the clinical variables during their normal breeding season. 5. It was concluded that reference values for the 18 clinical variables measured could be calculated from our data for adult specimens of the species studied, and that results for one species cannot be extrapolated with certainty to any other species. 6. Estimated normal bounds for each of the 18 variables measured by commonly used clinical procedures are presented for reproductively quiescent northern bobwhites, European starlings, red-winged blackbirds, and common grackles.

  18. Effects of Chinese herbal medicine additives of anti-heat stress on production performance,egg quality and blood biochemical indexes of laying hens%中草药抗热应激剂对蛋鸡生产性能、蛋品质及血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振

    2011-01-01

    【Objective】 The research was conducted to study the effects of Chinese herbal medicine additives of anti-heat stress on production performance,egg quality and blood biochemical indexes of laying hens in summer.【Method】 480 Roman hens of 310-day-old were randomly divided into 4 groups(120 hens in each group,4 replicates with 30 layers in each).Group I was fed the basal diet as control(CK).The experiment group Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ were fed 4,8,12 g/kg Chinese herbal medicine additives of anti-heat stress on the basal diet,respectively.At the end of experiment,production performance,egg quality,blood biochemical indexes were measured.【Result】 Chinese herbal medicine additives of anti-heat stress increased feed intake,laying rate and average egg weight,decreased feed/egg ratio,egg broken ratio,mortality,increased eggshell thickness,eggshell strength,yolk color(P〈0.05).But egg shape index,egg specific density,haugh unit were not significantly affected.The serum TP,ALB,GLU,TG,Ca2+,K+,T3 and T4 were increased,concentration of serum cortisol and activity of AST,ALT,LDH,CK decreased,activity of ALP increased.【Conclusion】 Chinese herbal medicine additives of anti-heat stress could increase laying performance,egg quality,decrease mortality,and improve blood biochemical indexes in layers.%【目的】探讨中草药抗热应激剂对夏季蛋鸡生产性能、蛋品质及血液生化指标的影响。【方法】选取480只310日龄健康、体质量和生产性能相近的罗曼褐蛋鸡,随机分为4组,每组120只,每组设4个重复,每重复30只,I组为对照组(CK),饲喂基础日粮;Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ组为试验组,分别在基础日粮中添加4,8,12g/kg自制中草药抗热应激剂,分析其对蛋鸡生产性能、蛋品质及血液生化指标的影响。【结果】夏季在日粮中添加中草药抗热应激剂,可显著提高蛋鸡的采食量、产蛋率、平均蛋质量,降低料蛋比、破蛋率和死淘率;改善蛋壳厚度

  19. 饲粮尿素添加水平对生长育肥牛生长性能和血液生化指标的影响%Effect of Dietary Urea Supplementation Level on Growth Performance and Blood Biochemical Indices in Growing-Finishing Cattle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江兰; 孟庆翔; 任丽萍; 霍云龙; 王黎文; 丁健; 赵金维

    2012-01-01

    [目的]利用肉牛饲养试验研究饲粮尿素添加水平对生长育肥牛生长性能和血液生化指标的影响,为肉牛生产中合理添加尿素提供理论依据.[方法]选择60头利木赞×复洲杂交的F1公牛,随机分为6组,每组10头,分别接受1个尿素添加水平的饲粮处理.设置6个粗蛋白和代谢能值相近(14% CP,11.3 MJ·kg-1,DM基础)的饲粮处理,其中尿素添加量分别为0%(对照)、0.4%、0.8%、1.2%、1.6%和2.0%.试验期14周,其中预饲期1周,正试期13周.[结果]随尿素添加水平的提高,干物质摄入量(dry matter intake,DMI)无显著变化(P>0.1),但日增重呈线性规律显著下降(L,P<0.05),饲料转化效率(DMI/ADG (average daily gain))呈现线性规律显著上升(L,P< 0.05).其中,尿素添加水平在0.8%以内未见日增重和饲料转化效率(DMI/ADG)有显著变化.提高饲粮尿素添加水平,血氨浓度线性上升(L,P<0.001);而血浆总蛋白和血浆尿素氮(plasma urea-N,PUN)浓度呈二次曲线规律升高(Q,P<0.001),其中血浆总蛋白和PUN浓度分别在1.50%和0.64%(%DM)尿素添加水平下出现拐点.提高饲粮尿素添加水平对谷丙转氨酶活性没有显著影响(P>0.1),但会导致谷草转氨酶活性呈线性升高(L,P<0.001).在反映肉牛应激状况的激素指标中,除肾上腺素外,肌酸激酶活性、去甲肾上腺素、皮质醇、皮质酮和醛固酮浓度等均呈显著的二次曲线规律上升或下降(Q,P<0.05);其中,上升或下降趋势的变化出现在0.8%-1.2%尿素添加水平.[结论]生长育肥牛饲粮中尿素添加水平在0.8%以内,或尿素氮占总氮比例在16%以内,可认为是适宜的安全添加水平.%[Objective] A feeding trial was designed to investigate the effect of dietary urea levels on growth performance and blood biochemical indexes of growth-finishing cattle for providing a theoretical basis for the optimum level of urea supplementation in

  20. Immunoelectrophoresis - blood

    Science.gov (United States)

    IEP - serum; Immunoglobulin electrophoresis - blood; Gamma globulin electrophoresis; Serum immunoglobulin electrophoresis ... A blood sample is needed. For information on how this is done, see: Venipuncture

  1. BIOCHEMICAL ALTERATIONS IN ZINC DEFICIENT SHEEP ASSOCIATED BY HYPERLACTATEMIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Hafez El-Far

    2013-01-01

    Blood samples from diseased and clinically healthy Balady sheep of both sexes were collected and subjected for biochemical analysis of serum glucose, fructosamine, lactate, growth hormone, insulin, creatine phosphokinase, Lactate dehydrogenase and aldolase. The obtained results revealed a significant decrease in serum zinc and growth hormone were stated. In contrary, serum glucose and lactate, insulin, CPK, LDH and aldolase were significantly increased statically. While, fructosamine levels w...

  2. The effects of a 6-month resistance training and dried plum consumption intervention on strength, body composition, blood markers of bone turnover, and inflammation in breast cancer survivors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonavice, Emily; Liu, Pei-Yang; Ilich, Jasminka Z; Kim, Jeong-Su; Arjmandi, Bahram; Panton, Lynn B

    2014-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of resistance training (RT) and dried plum (DP) consumption on strength, body composition, blood markers of bone, and inflammation in breast cancer survivors (BCS). Twenty-three BCS (RT, n = 12; RT+DP, n = 11), aged 64 ± 7 years, were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months of intervention on the following: muscular strength (chest press and leg extension) via 1-repetition maximums (1RMs); body composition, specifically bone mineral density (BMD) by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry; biochemical markers of bone turnover (bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP-5b)); and inflammation (C-reactive protein (CRP)). Target RT prescription was 2 days/week of 10 exercises, including 2 sets of 8-12 repetitions at ∼60%-80% of 1RM. RT+DP also consumed 90 g of DP daily. There were no baseline differences between groups or any group-by-time interactions for any of the variables. BCS increased upper (p effective for improving biochemical markers of bone turnover and muscular strength in BCS. A longer and higher intensity intervention may be needed to reveal the true effects of RT and DP on body composition and biochemical markers of inflammation. PMID:24869977

  3. 补饲复合微生态制剂对泌乳期伊犁母马血液生化指标及抗氧化能力的影响%The Effects of Compound Probiotics Supplementation on Blood Biochemical Indexes and Antioxidant Capacity of Yili Mare during Lactation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧长江; 李晓斌; 邓海峰; 陈学济; 杨开伦

    2015-01-01

    The experiment was conducted to study the effects of compound probiotics supplementation on blood biochemical indexes and antioxidant capacity of Yili mare during lactation.A total of 24 Yili mare during lactation were divided into four groups with similar age,parity,lactation months,i.e.groups Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ and control group.The control group and trial groups fed with the same based diet,groups Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ were supplemented with 0.05 g of Bacillus subtilis (2.0)× 1011CFU/g) and 0.133 g of plant Lactobacillus (3.0 × 1010CFU/g),0.10 g of Bacillus subtilis and 0.266 g of plant Lactobacillus,0.15 g of Bacillus subtilis and 0.399 g of plant Lactobacillus,respectively.The results showed as follows:Compared with control group,total protein,albumin,blood urea nitrogen contents and GSH-Px,SOD activities of blood in trail groups were no significant differences (P>0.05);But supplementary feeding compound probiotics total protein,albumin contents and SOD activity of blood in trail groups had a upward trend.GLB content of blood in group Ⅱ was significantly higher than the control group and group Ⅰ (P<0.05);CAT activity of blood in group Ⅱ was significantly higher than control group and group Ⅲ (P<0.05);T-AOC activity of blood in group Ⅱ was significantly higher than groups Ⅰ and Ⅲ (P<0.05);No significant difference was observed among other groups (P>0.05).Therefore,supplementary feeding plant Lactobacillus and Bacillus subtilis complexes had enhanced immune function,improved the nitrogen deposition and the body's antioxidant capacity of Yili mare during lactation,when supplementary feeding 0.10 g of Bacillus subtilis and 0.266 g of plant Lactobacillus complexs was more obvious effect.%试验旨在研究补饲复合微生态制剂对泌乳期伊犁母马血液生化指标及抗氧化能力的影响.根据年龄、胎次、泌乳月龄相近的原则选择泌乳期伊犁母马24匹,随机分为4组,分别为对照组、试验Ⅰ组、试验Ⅱ组和试

  4. Atmospheric media effects on ARIES baseline determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, S. C.

    1981-01-01

    Different types of media effects on ARIES baseline determination are compared. The effectiveness of simple ionospheric calibration models are studied. To perform the covariance analysis, an ARIES observation sequence needs to be assumed. For the current purposes, the observation sequence is selected to be that of experiment 80D over the JPL/Goldstone baseline (approximately 180 km). This experiment consisted of 96 observations over a period of approximately 25 hours on March 25 to 26, 1980. It is found through covariance analyses that the component most sensitive to media depends heavily upon the correlation, between the two stations, of the media effects. It is also found that relying on the cancellation of ionospheric delays between the two ray paths of VLBI observations at S band results in a large error in baseline length determination. High degree removal of ionospheric effects is possible with a crude model, providing correct diurnal peak and minimum ionospheric levels are input.

  5. Salton Sea sampling program: baseline studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tullis, R.E.; Carter, J.L.; Langlois, G.W.

    1981-04-13

    Baseline data are provided on three species of fish from the Salton Sea, California. The fishes considered were the orange mouth corvina (Cynoscion xanthulus), gulf croaker (Bairdiella icistius) and sargo (Anisotremus davidsonii). Morphometric and meristic data are presented as a baseline to aid in the evaluation of any physiological stress the fish may experience as a result of geothermal development. Analyses were made on muscle, liver, and bone of the fishes sampled to provide baseline data on elemental tissue burdens. The elements measured were: As, Br, Ca, Cu, Fe, Ga, K, Mn, Mi, Pb, Rb, Se, Sr, Zn, and Zr. These data are important if an environmentally sound progression of geothermal power production is to occur at the Salton Sea.

  6. Baseline methodologies for clean development mechanism projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Kyoto Protocol and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) came into force on 16th February 2005 with its ratification by Russia. The increasing momentum of this process is reflected in more than 100 projects having been submitted to the CDM Executive Board (CDM-EB) for approval of the baselines and monitoring methodologies, which is the first step in developing and implementing CDM projects. A CDM project should result in a net decrease of GHG emissions below any level that would have resulted from other activities implemented in the absence of that CDM project. The 'baseline' defines the GHG emissions of activities that would have been implemented in the absence of a CDM project. The baseline methodology is the process/algorithm for establishing that baseline. The baseline, along with the baseline methodology, are thus the most critical element of any CDM project towards meeting the important criteria of CDM, which are that a CDM should result in 'real, measurable, and long term benefits related to the mitigation of climate change'. This guidebook is produced within the frame work of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) facilitated 'Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism (CD4CDM)' Project. This document is published as part of the projects effort to develop guidebooks that cover important issues such as project finance, sustainability impacts, legal framework and institutional framework. These materials are aimed to help stakeholders better understand the CDM and are believed to eventually contribute to maximize the effect of the CDM in achieving the ultimate goal of UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol. This Guidebook should be read in conjunction with the information provided in the two other guidebooks entitled, 'Clean Development Mechanism: Introduction to the CDM' and 'CDM Information and Guidebook' developed under the CD4CDM project. (BA)

  7. Baseline methodologies for clean development mechanism projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, M.K. (ed.); Shrestha, R.M.; Sharma, S.; Timilsina, G.R.; Kumar, S.

    2005-11-15

    The Kyoto Protocol and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) came into force on 16th February 2005 with its ratification by Russia. The increasing momentum of this process is reflected in more than 100 projects having been submitted to the CDM Executive Board (CDM-EB) for approval of the baselines and monitoring methodologies, which is the first step in developing and implementing CDM projects. A CDM project should result in a net decrease of GHG emissions below any level that would have resulted from other activities implemented in the absence of that CDM project. The 'baseline' defines the GHG emissions of activities that would have been implemented in the absence of a CDM project. The baseline methodology is the process/algorithm for establishing that baseline. The baseline, along with the baseline methodology, are thus the most critical element of any CDM project towards meeting the important criteria of CDM, which are that a CDM should result in 'real, measurable, and long term benefits related to the mitigation of climate change'. This guidebook is produced within the frame work of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) facilitated 'Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism (CD4CDM)' Project. This document is published as part of the projects effort to develop guidebooks that cover important issues such as project finance, sustainability impacts, legal framework and institutional framework. These materials are aimed to help stakeholders better understand the CDM and are believed to eventually contribute to maximize the effect of the CDM in achieving the ultimate goal of UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol. This Guidebook should be read in conjunction with the information provided in the two other guidebooks entitled, 'Clean Development Mechanism: Introduction to the CDM' and 'CDM Information and Guidebook' developed under the CD4CDM project. (BA)

  8. BEST: Biochemical Engineering Simulation Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1996-01-01

    The idea of developing a process simulator that can describe biochemical engineering (a relatively new technology area) was formulated at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) during the late 1980s. The initial plan was to build a consortium of industrial and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) partners to enhance a commercial simulator with biochemical unit operations. DOE supported this effort; however, before the consortium was established, the process simulator industry changed considerably. Work on the first phase of implementing various fermentation reactors into the chemical process simulator, ASPEN/SP-BEST, is complete. This report will focus on those developments. Simulation Sciences, Inc. (SimSci) no longer supports ASPEN/SP, and Aspen Technology, Inc. (AspenTech) has developed an add-on to its ASPEN PLUS (also called BioProcess Simulator [BPS]). This report will also explain the similarities and differences between BEST and BPS. ASPEN, developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for DOE in the late 1970s, is still the state-of-the-art chemical process simulator. It was selected as the only simulator with the potential to be easily expanded into the biochemical area. ASPEN/SP, commercially sold by SimSci, was selected for the BEST work. SimSci completed work on batch, fed-batch, and continuous fermentation reactors in 1993, just as it announced it would no longer commercially support the complete ASPEN/SP product. BEST was left without a basic support program. Luckily, during this same time frame, AspenTech was developing a biochemical simulator with its version of ASPEN (ASPEN PLUS), which incorporates most BEST concepts. The future of BEST will involve developing physical property data and models appropriate to biochemical systems that are necessary for good biochemical process design.

  9. Neutrino Interactions and Long-Baseline Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Mosel, Ulrich

    2016-01-01

    The extraction of neutrino mixing parameters and the CP-violating phase requires knowledge of the neutrino energy. This energy must be reconstructed from the final state of a neutrino-nucleus reaction since all long-baseline experiments use nuclear targets. This reconstruction requires detailed knowledge of the neutrino reactions with bound nucleons and of the final state interactions of hadrons with the nuclear environment. Quantum-kinetic transport theory can be used to build an event generator for this reconstruction that takes basic nuclear properties, such as binding, into account. Some examples are discussed that show the effects of nuclear interactions on observables in long-baseline experiments

  10. Monitoring of Some Blood Biochemical Indexes of Shanxi Elite Ahletes During Long-term Training%山西省优秀运动员长周期训练中部分血液生化指标的监控

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙太华

    2012-01-01

    In order to explore the suitable training limits of different biochemical indicators in different events groups athletes,as well as carry out function evaluation and training monitor,we made a test on men and women elite athletes in 11 key events training for the national game like wrestling,judo,taekwondo,free combat,fencing,wushu,trampoline,gymnastics,diving,swimming and athletics.Methods: The venous blood samples from all athletes were taken on Saturday every end of month during long-term training,to test blood hemoglobin,serum urea,creatine kinase,immunoglobulin and serum testosterone and statistically analyzed with SPSS software.Results: By statistically analysis,we take 95% confidence interval of the difference as the suitable training limits and make the suitable training limits of blood hemoglobin,serum testosterone serum urea,and creatine kinase in three events group including Physique Endurance Event Group,Event group with Difficult and Beautiful Skills and technical antagonistic event groups,which are suitable for our elite athletes’ function evaluation and training monitor by means of test.%为了探讨不同项群运动员不同生化指标训练值的适宜界限,更好地开展运动员的机能评定和训练监控,笔者对山西省备战全运会的摔跤、柔道、跆拳道、散打、击剑、武术、蹦床、体操、跳水、游泳、田径等11个重点项目的男、女优秀运动员进行了测试研究。方法:在长训练周期中的每个月末周六清晨,取运动员静脉血,测定全血血红蛋白(Hb),血清尿素(BU)、肌酸激酶(CK),免疫球蛋白(IgA、IgM、IgG),血清睾酮(T)。采用SPASS软件包进行统计分析。结果:通过对数据统计分析,采用均数95%的可信区间作为运动员各指标训练值的适宜界限,初步制订了我省体能耐力类、技能难美类和技能对抗类三个项群男女运动员血红蛋白、血清睾酮、血清尿素和肌酸激酶指标

  11. A New Slow-Release Non-Protein Nitrogen:Effects of Supplemental Level on Lactation Performance and Blood Biochemical Indices of Lactating Goats%一种新型缓释非蛋白氮添加水平对奶山羊泌乳性能及血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王会; 罗军; 张伟; 张天颖; 杨地坤

    2014-01-01

    本试验旨在探讨饲粮中添加不同水平的一种新型缓释非蛋白氮( srNPN)对奶山羊泌乳性能及血液生化指标的影响。选择2~3胎平均体重约为60 kg的健康西农萨能奶山羊泌乳羊48只,随机分为4组,每组12只。各组饲粮 srNPN 添加水平分别为0(对照组)、0.25%、0.50%、0.75%。预试期1周,正试期16周。结果表明:1)饲粮中添加不同水平的srNPN对奶山羊日均采食量无显著影响( P>0.05)。2)饲粮中添加srNPN可显著提高奶山羊日均产奶量(P0.05);各组乳中乳蛋白、乳糖及乳非脂固形物含量差异不显著( P>0.05)。4)饲粮中添加srNPN可显著降低血液尿素氮含量(P0.05)。由此得出,饲粮中添加srNPN能够提高奶山羊乳中乳脂含量,降低血液尿素氮含量,添加水平为0.50%时奶山羊日均产奶量最高。%This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of different supplemental level of a new slow-release non-protein nitrogen ( srNPN ) on lactation performance and blood biochemical indices of dairy goats. Forty-eight healthy lactating Xinong Saanen dairy goats with 2 to 3 parities and about 60 kg of average body weight were randomly assigned to 4 groups with 12 goats in each group. Goats in the 4 groups were fed diets supplemented with srNPN at 0, 0. 25%, 0. 50% and 0. 75%, respectively. There was a pretrial period of 1 week followed by an experimental period of 16 weeks. The results showed as follows:1 ) dietary supple-mentation of srNPN at different levels did not affect average daily feed intake of lactating goats ( P>0 . 05 ) . 2 ) The supplementation of srNPN significantly increased average daily milk yield ( P 0. 05); besides, the contents of milk protein, lac-tose and milk solids-non-fat were not significantly affected by the supplementation of srNPN ( P>0 . 05 ) . 4 ) The supplementation of srNPN could significantly decrease blood urea nitrogen content ( P0. 05). In conclusion, dietary supplementation of sr

  12. Valores de referência de parâmetros bioquímicos no sangue de duas linhagens de camundongos Reference values for blood-based biochemical parameters in BALB/C and C57BL/6 wild-type mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Silva Almeida

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Conhecer os parâmetros bioquímicos individuais de animais de laboratório utilizados na experimentação é importante, pois eles servirão como parâmetros para avaliar alterações funcionais em órgãos e como base para estabelecer valores de referência. OBJETIVO:Estabelecer valores de referência bioquímicos do sangue em camundongos das linhagens BALB/c e C57BL/6 selvagens do Biotério da Disciplina de Biologia Celular da Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM. Materiais e métodos: Foram utilizados 30 camundongos (BALB/c e C57BL/6 selvagem. Os exames realizados foram glicose, triglicérides, colesterol, proteínas totais, albumina, amilase, ácido úrico, uréia, fosfatase alcalina (kits Wiener, e as determinações foram realizadas no equipamento BIOPLUS-2000. RESULTADOS:Entre os nove analitos observou-se que quatro (albumina, glicose, proteínas totais e colesterol apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre as linhagens. Padronizamos como valores de referência para os camundongos os valores do intervalo de confiança (IC. Nos analitos em que houve diferença significativa entre as linhagens (p INTRODUCTION: Identifying individual biochemical parameters of laboratory animal species is important inasmuch as they may be used in the evaluation of functional changes in organs and in the establishment of reference values. OBJECTIVE: To establish biochemical reference values for blood tests in BALB/c and C57BL/6 wild-type mice from the Vivarium of the Department of Cellular Biology at the Federal University of "Triângulo Mineiro". MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty wild-type mice of the lineages BALB/c and C57BL/6 were used to evaluate the serum levels of glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, total protein, albumin, amylase, uric acid, urea and alkaline phosphatase. The determinations were performed in a BIOPLUS-2000 analyzer. Results: Four out of the nine analytes (albumin, glucose, total proteins and

  13. Urea, sugar, nonesterified fatty acid and cholesterol content of the blood in prolonged weightlessness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balakhovskiy, I. S.; Orlova, T. A.

    1975-01-01

    Biochemical blood composition studies on astronauts during weightlessness flight simulation tests and during actual space flights showed some disturbances of metabolic processes. Increases in blood sugar, fatty acid and cholesterol, and urea content are noted.

  14. Waste management project technical baseline description

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sederburg, J.P.

    1997-08-13

    A systems engineering approach has been taken to describe the technical baseline under which the Waste Management Project is currently operating. The document contains a mission analysis, function analysis, requirement analysis, interface definitions, alternative analysis, system definition, documentation requirements, implementation definitions, and discussion of uncertainties facing the Project.

  15. National Cyberethics, Cybersafety, Cybersecurity Baseline Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This article presents findings from a study that explores the nature of the Cyberethics, Cybersafety, and Cybersecurity (C3) educational awareness policies, initiatives, curriculum, and practices currently taking place in the U.S. public and private K-12 educational settings. The study establishes baseline data on C3 awareness, which can be used…

  16. Waste management project technical baseline description

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A systems engineering approach has been taken to describe the technical baseline under which the Waste Management Project is currently operating. The document contains a mission analysis, function analysis, requirement analysis, interface definitions, alternative analysis, system definition, documentation requirements, implementation definitions, and discussion of uncertainties facing the Project

  17. Rationing in the presence of baselines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Østerdal, Lars Peter

    2013-01-01

    We analyze a general model of rationing in which agents have baselines, in addition to claims against the (insufficient) endowment of the good to be allocated. Many real-life problems fit this general model (e.g., bankruptcy with prioritized claims, resource allocation in the public health care...

  18. Mercury baseline levels in Flemish soils (Belgium)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is important to establish contaminant levels that are normally present in soils to provide baseline data for pollution studies. Mercury is a toxic element of concern. This study was aimed at assessing baseline mercury levels in soils in Flanders. In a previous study, mercury contents in soils in Oost-Vlaanderen were found to be significantly above levels reported elsewhere. For the current study, observations were extended over two more provinces, West-Vlaanderen and Antwerpen. Ranges of soil Hg contents were distinctly higher in the province Oost-Vlaanderen (interquartile range from 0.09 to 0.43 mg/kg) than in the other provinces (interquartile ranges from 0.7 to 0.13 and 0.7 to 0.15 mg/kg for West-Vlaanderen and Antwerpen, respectively). The standard threshold method was applied to separate soils containing baseline levels of Hg from the data. Baseline concentrations for Hg were characterised by a median of 0.10 mg Hg/kg dry soil, an interquartile range from 0.07 to 0.14 mg/kg and a 90% percentile value of 0.30 mg/kg. The influence of soil properties such as clay and organic carbon contents, and pH on baseline Hg concentrations was not important. Maps of the spatial distribution of Hg levels showed that the province Oost-Vlaanderen exhibited zones with systematically higher Hg soil contents. This may be related to the former presence of many small-scale industries employing mercury in that region. - Increased mercury levels may reflect human activity

  19. Hematological, Serum Biochemical and Trace Mineral Indices of Cattle with Foreign Body Rumen Impaction

    OpenAIRE

    J.F. Akinrinmade; A.S. Akinrinde

    2012-01-01

    This study was aimed at investigating the hematological, biochemical and trace mineral status of cattle with foreign body rumen impaction. Hematological, serum biochemical and trace mineral parameters of cattle with Foreign Body Rumen impaction (FBR) and normal cattle Without Foreign Body Rumen impaction (WFBR) were analyzed in order to evaluate their influence as risk factors in the etio-pathogenesis of non-penetrating foreign body rumen impaction. Blood samples with appropriate preservative...

  20. The Research on Biochemical Indexes of Athletes after Taking Nutritional Supplements during Winter Training

    OpenAIRE

    Liping Pan

    2015-01-01

    The paper takes hemoglobin and blood urea as the indexes of biochemical monitoring and accordingly supplying sports nutritional supplements into them at the same time, the effect on exercise capacity and the changes in biochemical indicators in different training stages will be observed in this research. The quality of winter training determines the motion states of athletes in the next year. However, the poor weather condition and the large amount of training will lead to the accumulation of...

  1. Effect of freezing and storage time of blood serum of lambs in the determination of biochemical parametersEfeito do congelamento e do tempo de armazenamento do soro sanguíneo de cordeiros na determinação de parâmetros bioquímicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa Emy Ishiy

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the effect of freezing (- 20 ºC and time of storage of serum in the determination of biochemical values in sheep. It was held at the Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste in Guarapuava – PR. The serum was obtained from 32 Corriedale x Ille de France crossbred lambs, four months old. Nine hundred and sixty tests were performed, the first immediately after sampling (time zero, after 7, 14, 21, 28 days after blood collection. The analytes tested were aspartate aminotranferase (AST, urea, total protein, cholesterol, phosphorus and magnesium. The results showed that the time of storage of frozen samples (-20 ºC was able to alter results of total protein, phosphorus, and magnesium. The serum measurements of AST, cholesterol and urea did not differ in different storage times.Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do congelamento (- 20 ºC e o tempo de armazenamento do soro na determinação de valores bioquímicos em ovinos. Foi realizado na Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste em Guarapuava – PR. O soro foi obtido de 32 cordeiros da raça Ile de France x Corriedale, com 4 meses de idade. Foram realizadas análises, imediatamente após a obtenção da amostra, tempo zero e após 7, 14, 21, 28 dias da colheita do sangue. Os analitos testados foram aspartato-amino-transferase (AST, uréia, proteína total, colesterol, fósforo e magnésio. Os resultados permitiram concluir que o tempo de armazenamento das amostras congeladas (- 20 ºC causou alterações nos resultados para as análises de proteína total, fósforo, e magnésio. As determinações séricas AST, colesterol e uréia não diferiram estatisticamente nos diferentes tempos de armazenamento.

  2. Molecular and biochemical studies on bovine ephemeral fever

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahed S. Thabet; Emad W. Ghazy; Mohamed A. Nayel; Mohamed Abo-Elkhair

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF in cattle has been reported to be associated with a range of biochemical changes which are similar to those seen in milk fever. This study aimed to clarify the biochemical alterations that associate infection of cattle with BEF with special references to the mechanisms involved in the development of hypocalcemia. The study was conducted on 30 cases of cattle infected with BEF based on the characteristic clinical signs which were confirmed by isolation of virus and RT-PCR. Another 6 healthy cows were used in the study as control. The evaluated parameters included biochemical variables such as serum values of total protein (TP, albumin (Alb, glucose (Glu, total calcium (tCa, ionized calcium (iCa, inorganic phosphorus (P, magnesium (Mg, sodium (Na, potassium (K, chloride (Cl, creatinine (Cr, blood urea nitrogen (BUN and serum activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP. Hormonal profile included parathyroid hormone (PTH, insulin (Ins, and cortisol (Cor. The results showed that BEF-infected animals demonstrated a significant decrease (P<0.05 in serum concentrations of TP, Glo, iCa, P, Na, K, BUN and ALP while the mean values of serum levels of Glu and Cl were significantly increased (P<0.05. The mean values of serum levels of PTH were significantly decreased (P<0.05 while serum concentrations of Ins and Cor showed a significant increase. It was concluded that the clinical signs of bovine ephemeral fever are related to the hypocalcemia resulting from suppression of parathyroid hormone which seems to be mediated by respiratory alkalosis caused by the disease. This explanation needs future studies to provide a direct link between measurement of blood indicators of acid-base status, blood biochemical parameters and urine analysis. However, this work can provide a good knowledge about the pathogenesis of the disease that can lead to better management and proper treatment.

  3. Effects of Diets Optimized by CPM Model on Growth, Development and Blood Biochemical Parameters of Holstein Replacement Heifers at 7 to 15 Months of Age%CPM模型优化饲粮对7~15月龄后备荷斯坦母牛生长发育和血液生化指标影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洋; 曲永利; 王志博; 刘立成; 刘翔; 赵鑫; 邢伟明

    2014-01-01

    Diets of Holstein replacement heifers in scaled farm was optimized by CPM model, and the effects of optimized diets on growth, development and blood biochemical parameters were evaluated in this study. For-ty Holstein replacement heifers with the same months of age ( 7 months of age) , and similar body height and weight were randomly divided into control and test groups according to paired experimental design, and each group had 20 heifers. Heifers of control group were fed original diets of the farm, while those of test group were fed diets optimized by CPM model. The experimental period was 270 days. The results showed as fol-lows: replacement heifers fed optimized diets had significantly higher cannon circumference at 8, 10, 11, 13 and 15 months of age ( P<0.01);serum calcium content of replacement heifers fed optimized diets was signifi-cantly higher than that of heifers fed original diets ( P<0.05);cost of optimized diets of 7 months of age, 8 to 9 months of age, 10 to 12 months of age, 13 to 15 months of age was decreased by 1. 02, 0.78, 0.62 and 0.52¥/(head·d) than that of original diets, respectively. In conclusion, diets optimized by CPM model can increase cannon circumference of Holstein replacement heifers, improve growth and absorption of blood calci-um, and decrease feeding cost;CPM model can be used to evaluate and optimize diets formulation of Holstein replacement heifers.%本文利用CPM模型优化规模化奶牛场7~15月龄后备母牛饲粮,研究优化后饲粮对后备母牛生长发育和血液生化指标的影响。选用相同月龄(7月龄),胎次、体高和体重相近的健康后备荷斯坦母牛40头,按照配对试验设计把试验奶牛随机分为2组,每组20头,对照组采用奶牛场现有的饲粮配方,试验组采用 CPM模型优化后的饲粮配方。试验期为270 d。结果表明:饲喂CPM模型优化饲粮极显著提高了后备母牛8、10、11、13和15月龄的管围( P<0.01);

  4. CPM模型优化饲粮对7~15月龄后备荷斯坦母牛生长发育和血液生化指标影响%Effects of Diets Optimized by CPM Model on Growth, Development and Blood Biochemical Parameters of Holstein Replacement Heifers at 7 to 15 Months of Age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洋; 曲永利; 王志博; 刘立成; 刘翔; 赵鑫; 邢伟明

    2014-01-01

    本文利用CPM模型优化规模化奶牛场7~15月龄后备母牛饲粮,研究优化后饲粮对后备母牛生长发育和血液生化指标的影响。选用相同月龄(7月龄),胎次、体高和体重相近的健康后备荷斯坦母牛40头,按照配对试验设计把试验奶牛随机分为2组,每组20头,对照组采用奶牛场现有的饲粮配方,试验组采用 CPM模型优化后的饲粮配方。试验期为270 d。结果表明:饲喂CPM模型优化饲粮极显著提高了后备母牛8、10、11、13和15月龄的管围( P<0.01);试验组后备母牛血清中钙含量在8月龄时显著高于对照组( P<0.05);优化后7月龄、8~9月龄、10~12月龄、13~15月龄饲粮成本比调整前分别降低了1.02、0.78、0.62和0.52元/(头·d)。由此可见,饲喂CPM模型优化饲粮可提高后备母牛的管围,促进后备母牛的生长,促进血钙的吸收,降低饲养成本,CPM模型可用于评价和优化后备荷斯坦母牛的饲粮配方。%Diets of Holstein replacement heifers in scaled farm was optimized by CPM model, and the effects of optimized diets on growth, development and blood biochemical parameters were evaluated in this study. For-ty Holstein replacement heifers with the same months of age ( 7 months of age) , and similar body height and weight were randomly divided into control and test groups according to paired experimental design, and each group had 20 heifers. Heifers of control group were fed original diets of the farm, while those of test group were fed diets optimized by CPM model. The experimental period was 270 days. The results showed as fol-lows: replacement heifers fed optimized diets had significantly higher cannon circumference at 8, 10, 11, 13 and 15 months of age ( P<0.01);serum calcium content of replacement heifers fed optimized diets was signifi-cantly higher than that of heifers fed original diets ( P<0.05);cost of optimized diets of 7

  5. Blood smear

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... osmotic fragility ) Deficiency of an enzyme called lecithin cholesterol acyl transferase Abnormalities of hemoglobin , the protein in ... sickle and Pappenheimer Red blood cells, target cells Formed elements of blood References Bain BJ. The peripheral ...

  6. CASA Uno GPS orbit and baseline experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schutz, B. E.; Ho, C. S.; Abusali, P. A. M.; Tapley, B. D.

    1990-01-01

    CASA Uno data from sites distributed in longitude from Australia to Europe have been used to determine orbits of the GPS satellites. The characteristics of the orbits determined from double difference phase have been evaluated through comparisons of two-week solutions with one-week solutions and by comparisons of predicted and estimated orbits. Evidence of unmodeled effects is demonstrated, particularly associated with the orbit planes that experience solar eclipse. The orbit accuracy has been assessed through the repeatability of unconstrained estimated baseline vectors ranging from 245 km to 5400 km. Both the baseline repeatability and the comparison with independent space geodetic methods give results at the level of 1-2 parts in 100,000,000. In addition, the Mojave/Owens Valley (245 km) and Kokee Park/Ft. Davis (5409 km) estimates agree with VLBI and SLR to better than 1 part in 100,000,000.

  7. Joint Multi-baseline SAR Interferometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Tebaldini

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available We propose a technique to provide interferometry by combining multiple images of the same area. This technique differs from the multi-baseline approach in literature as (a it exploits all the images simultaneously, (b it performs a spectral shift preprocessing to remove most of the decorrelation, and (c it exploits distributed targets. The technique is mainly intended for DEM generation at centimetric accuracy, as well as for differential interferometry. The problem is framed in the contest of single-input multiple-output (SIMO channel estimation via the cross-relations (CR technique and the resulting algorithm provides significant improvements with respect to conventional approaches based either on independent analysis of single interferograms or multi-baselines phase analysis of single pixels of current literature, for those targets that are correlated in all the images, like for long-term coherent areas, or for acquisitions taken with a short revisit time (as those gathered with future satellite constellations.

  8. Dissipative Effect in Long Baseline Neutrino Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Oliveira, Roberto L N

    2016-01-01

    The propagation of neutrinos in long baselines experiments may be influenced by dissipation effects. Using Lindblad Master Equation we evolve neutrinos taking into account these dissipative effects. The MSW and the dissipative effects may change the probabilities behavior. In this work, we show and explain how the behavior of the probabilities can change due to the decoherence and relaxation effects acting individually with the MSW effect. A new exotic peak appears in this case and we show the difference between the decoherence and relaxation effects in the appearance of this peak. We also adapt the usual approximate expression for survival and appearance probabilities with all possible decoherence effects. We suppose the baseline of DUNE and show how each decoherence parameters change the probabilities analyzing the possible modification using numeric and analytic approach.

  9. 瘤胃保护胆碱对围产期高产奶牛产奶性能和血液生化指标的影响%Effect of Rumen-protected Choline on Milk Performances and Blood Biochemical Parameters of High Productive Periparturient Dairy Cows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和立文; 孟庆翔; 王新宇; 刘辉; 李辉; 任丽萍

    2013-01-01

    This experiment was conducted to study the effect of rumen-protected choline (RPC) supplementation on milk performances and blood biochemical parameters of high productive periparturient dairy cows.Forty-four healthy Holstein cows with similar parity,expected calving date and milk yield were blocked into 22 pairs and then randomly allocated to either one of 2 treatments.Both groups received the same basal diet.The treatment group was supplemented with 20 g/d rumen-protected choline per cow.Treatments were applied from 2 wk before until 4 wk after calving,during which milk performances and blood biochemical parameters were investigated,respectively.The results showed that the average daily milk yield of the fourth week after calving increased by 2.31% (P>0.05).Lactose percentage decreased by 3.75% (P<0.05) and milk fat percentage,milk protein percentage,(milk fat)/(milk protein) and dry matter percentage increased by 11.11%,5.56%,6.38% and 2.94% without significant difference (P>0.05),respectively.There were no significant difference (P>0.05) on the content of both plasma triglyceride (TG) and β-hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA) between treatments on the time-point of calving,day 7 poscalving and day 14 postcalving,but the contents of plasma TG and BHBA of treatment group were apparently lower than the control.These results indicated that under the condition of this experiment RPC supplementation for high productive periparturient dairy cows could increase milk yield,improve milk quality and fat metabolism,relieve negative energy balance and reduce the risk of fat deposition in the liver.%为探究补充瘤胃保护胆碱(rumen-protected choline,RPC)对围产期高产奶牛产奶性能和血液生化指标的影响,试验选取44头健康的荷斯坦高产奶牛,按胎次、预产期、上一胎次产奶量等基本一致原则分为试验组和对照组,每组22头,饲喂相同基础日粮,试验组牛群补充20g/(d·头)的RPC.试验期内(产前14

  10. Systematic errors in long baseline oscillation experiments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harris, Deborah A.; /Fermilab

    2006-02-01

    This article gives a brief overview of long baseline neutrino experiments and their goals, and then describes the different kinds of systematic errors that are encountered in these experiments. Particular attention is paid to the uncertainties that come about because of imperfect knowledge of neutrino cross sections and more generally how neutrinos interact in nuclei. Near detectors are planned for most of these experiments, and the extent to which certain uncertainties can be reduced by the presence of near detectors is also discussed.

  11. Efficient Wide Baseline Structure from Motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelini, Mario; Mayer, Helmut

    2016-06-01

    This paper presents a Structure from Motion approach for complex unorganized image sets. To achieve high accuracy and robustness, image triplets are employed and (an approximate) camera calibration is assumed to be known. The focus lies on a complete linking of images even in case of large image distortions, e.g., caused by wide baselines, as well as weak baselines. A method for embedding image descriptors into Hamming space is proposed for fast image similarity ranking. The later is employed to limit the number of pairs to be matched by a wide baseline method. An iterative graph-based approach is proposed formulating image linking as the search for a terminal Steiner minimum tree in a line graph. Finally, additional links are determined and employed to improve the accuracy of the pose estimation. By this means, loops in long image sequences are implicitly closed. The potential of the proposed approach is demonstrated by results for several complex image sets also in comparison with VisualSFM.

  12. Study of Some Hematological and Biochemical Parameters of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Fry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salman Rauoof CHALKOO

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was done to investigate of some hematological and biochemical factors of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss fry in Kashmir. About 50 pools of blood samples from diseased fry were collected within 30 months from November 2008 till March 2011 from three hatchery farms. In addition 30 pools of blood samples as control group were collected randomly from same farms. Each blood samples were examined for whole blood examination and blood enzymes measurement. It consist of total leukocytes (WBC and erythrocytes counts (RBC, hemoglobin (Hb content, hematocrits (PCV, leukocytes differential count and blood indices such as MCV, MCH and MCHC. Also blood serums were analysed for total protein (TP and blood enzymes. All the calculations were made using the SPSS© and t-test statistical method. In hematological findings nine parameters were revealed significant differences (P

  13. Mango Supplementation Improves Blood Glucose in Obese Individuals

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Shirley F; Maureen Meister; Maryam Mahmood; Heba Eldoumi; Sandra Peterson; Penelope Perkins-Veazie; Clarke, Stephen L.; Mark Payton; Smith, Brenda J; Edralin A. Lucas

    2014-01-01

    This pilot study examined the effects of freeze-dried mango (Mangifera indica L.) supplementation on anthropometrics, body composition, and biochemical parameters in obese individuals. Twenty obese adults (11 males and 9 females) ages 20- to 50-years old, received 10 g/day of ground freeze-dried mango pulp for 12 weeks. Anthropometrics, biochemical parameters, and body composition were assessed at baseline and final visits of the study. After 12 weeks, mango supplementation significantly redu...

  14. Baseline Hematologic Results for Free-ranging White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) in Kruger National Park, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Michele; Buss, Peter; Wanty, Rachel; Parsons, Sven; van Helden, Paul; Olea-Popelka, Francisco

    2015-10-01

    Complete blood counts (n = 115) and red blood cell analytes (n = 80) were assessed in free-ranging white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) from Kruger National Park (KNP), South Africa. Blood was collected from healthy animals immobilized between February and September 2009-11 for management purposes. Our objectives were to establish baselines for KNP's white rhinoceros population and to compare results based on sex and age group. Significant differences in total white blood cells, total eosinophils, and hemoglobin were found between adult and subadult rhinoceros. Female rhinoceros had significantly higher total white blood cells and lower hemoglobin compared with males. Hematologic analytes were similar to those published for other rhinoceros populations, although the impact of capture and sampling methods, nutritional status, and habitat should be considered when comparing data. This baseline hematology for healthy free-ranging white rhinoceros in KNP may be useful in assessing health status for translocation and medical interventions, including treatment of poaching cases.

  15. Hyponatraemia: biochemical and clinical perspectives.

    OpenAIRE

    Gill, G; Leese, G

    1998-01-01

    Hyponatraemia is a common bio-chemical abnormality, occurring in about 15% of hospital inpatients. It is often associated with severe illness and relatively poor outcome. Pathophysiologically, hyponatraemia may be spurious, dilutional, depletional or redistributional. Particularly difficult causes and concepts of hyponatraemia are the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis and the sick cell syndrome, which are discussed here in detail. Therapy should always be targeted at the underlying disea...

  16. Baseline Response Levels Are a Nuisance in Infant Contingency Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millar, W. S.; Weir, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    The impact of differences in level of baseline responding on contingency learning in the first year was examined by considering the response acquisition of infants classified into baseline response quartiles. Whereas the three lower baseline groups showed the predicted increment in responding to a contingency, the highest baseline responders did…

  17. Biochemical markers of bone turnover

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biochemical markers of bone turnover has received increasing attention over the past few years, because of the need for sensitivity and specific tool in the clinical investigation of osteoporosis. Bone markers should be unique to bone, reflect changes of bone less, and should be correlated with radiocalcium kinetics, histomorphometry, or changes in bone mass. The markers also should be useful in monitoring treatment efficacy. Although no bone marker has been established to meet all these criteria, currently osteocalcin and pyridinium crosslinks are the most efficient markers to assess the level of bone turnover in the menopausal and senile osteoporosis. Recently, N-terminal telopeptide (NTX), C-terminal telopeptide (CTX) and bone specific alkaline phosphatase are considered as new valid markers of bone turnover. Recent data suggest that CTX and free deoxypyridinoline could predict the subsequent risk of hip fracture of elderly women. Treatment of postmenopausal women with estrogen, calcitonin and bisphosphonates demonstrated rapid decrease of the levels of bone markers that correlated with the long-term increase of bone mass. Factors such as circadian rhythms, diet, age, sex, bone mass and renal function affect the results of biochemical markers and should be appropriately adjusted whenever possible. Each biochemical markers of bone turnover may have its own specific advantages and limitations. Recent advances in research will provide more sensitive and specific assays

  18. Cord Blood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Abroun

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available   Stem cells are naïve or master cells. This means they can transform into special 200 cell types as needed by body, and each of these cells has just one function. Stem cells are found in many parts of the human body, although some sources have richer concentrations than others. Some excellent sources of stem cells, such as bone marrow, peripheral blood, cord blood, other tissue stem cells and human embryos, which last one are controversial and their use can be illegal in some countries. Cord blood is a sample of blood taken from a newborn baby's umbilical cord. It is a rich source of stem cells, umbilical cord blood and tissue are collected from material that normally has no use following a child’s birth. Umbilical cord blood and tissue cells are rich sources of stem cells, which have been used in the treatment of over 80 diseases including leukemia, lymphoma and anemia as bone marrow stem cell potency.  The most common disease category has been leukemia. The next largest group is inherited diseases. Patients with lymphoma, myelodysplasia and severe aplastic anemia have also been successfully transplanted with cord blood. Cord blood is obtained by syringing out the placenta through the umbilical cord at the time of childbirth, after the cord has been detached from the newborn. Collecting stem cells from umbilical blood and tissue is ethical, pain-free, safe and simple. When they are needed to treat your child later in life, there will be no rejection or incompatibility issues, as the procedure will be using their own cells. In contrast, stem cells from donors do have these potential problems. By consider about cord blood potency, cord blood banks (familial or public were established. In IRAN, four cord blood banks has activity, Shariati BMT center cord blood bank, Royan familial cord blood banks, Royan public cord blood banks and Iranian Blood Transfusion Organ cord blood banks. Despite 50,000 sample which storage in these banks, but the

  19. Biochemical adaptation to ocean acidification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stillman, Jonathon H; Paganini, Adam W

    2015-06-01

    The change in oceanic carbonate chemistry due to increased atmospheric PCO2  has caused pH to decline in marine surface waters, a phenomenon known as ocean acidification (OA). The effects of OA on organisms have been shown to be widespread among diverse taxa from a wide range of habitats. The majority of studies of organismal response to OA are in short-term exposures to future levels of PCO2 . From such studies, much information has been gathered on plastic responses organisms may make in the future that are beneficial or harmful to fitness. Relatively few studies have examined whether organisms can adapt to negative-fitness consequences of plastic responses to OA. We outline major approaches that have been used to study the adaptive potential for organisms to OA, which include comparative studies and experimental evolution. Organisms that inhabit a range of pH environments (e.g. pH gradients at volcanic CO2 seeps or in upwelling zones) have great potential for studies that identify adaptive shifts that have occurred through evolution. Comparative studies have advanced our understanding of adaptation to OA by linking whole-organism responses with cellular mechanisms. Such optimization of function provides a link between genetic variation and adaptive evolution in tuning optimal function of rate-limiting cellular processes in different pH conditions. For example, in experimental evolution studies of organisms with short generation times (e.g. phytoplankton), hundreds of generations of growth under future conditions has resulted in fixed differences in gene expression related to acid-base regulation. However, biochemical mechanisms for adaptive responses to OA have yet to be fully characterized, and are likely to be more complex than simply changes in gene expression or protein modification. Finally, we present a hypothesis regarding an unexplored area for biochemical adaptation to ocean acidification. In this hypothesis, proteins and membranes exposed to the

  20. The correlation between coronary flow reserve and clinical outcomes in patients with primary ;angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction with high baseline white blood cell count%基础白细胞计数增高的急性心肌梗死患者冠状动脉介入术后冠状动脉血流储备降低对远期预后的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑振国; 周旭晨; 朱皓; 尹达; 张妍

    2014-01-01

    Objective Both abnormal coronary flow reserve (CFR) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and elevated white blood cell (WBC) count in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are known as useful predictors for adverse outcomes. We evaluated the value of abnormal CFR for prediction of adverse outcomes in AMI patients with high baseline WBC count following primary PCI. Methods We studied 72 consecutive patients (mean age 56±12, male 55) presenting with AMI who were admitted to our institution. Analyze of CFR was performed following PCI by intra-coronary Doppler wire. All enroll patents’ baseline WBC count was obtained at admission and WBC count≥10.4×109/L. The occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were analyzed during clinical follow up (12.7±7.1 months). According to the best cutoff value of CFR for predicting MACE, the patients were divided into 2 groups:group 1 with CFR<1.4, group 2 with CFR≥1.4. Results Baseline CK and CK-MB in group 1 were significantly higher than in group 2[(4 109±407)U/L vs. (2 685±562)U/L, P<0.05; (290.8± 26.6)ng/ml vs. (255.7±65.6)ng/ml, P<0.05 respectively]; Percent of post PCI MBG grade3 were more often in group 2 than in group 1(25.9%vs. 38.9%, P<0.05). MACE rate were significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2(40.7%vs. 27.8%, P<0.05), the mortality rate was significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2(13.0% vs. 0, P<0.05). Conclusions Abnormal CFR following PCI with high baseline WBC count in patients with AMI were associated with a higher incidence of adverse long-term clinical outcomes. This observation may provide a potential explanation that links of microvascular dysfunction and vascular inflammation in patients with AMI.%目的:急性心肌梗死(AMI)患者在接受了冠状动脉介入术(PCI)后,即刻冠状动脉血流储备(CFR)的降低,以及AMI急性期基础血液中白细胞计数的增加均被视为AMI患者远期预后不良的预测因子。我们现将这

  1. Effects of Dietary Cation Anion Balance on Blood Biochemical Parameters of Heat Stressed Early Lactation Dairy Cows%阴阳离子平衡对泌乳前期热应激奶牛血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳玲; 张福寿; 李改英; 高腾云

    2012-01-01

    研究不同水平日粮阴阳离子平衡对泌乳前期热应激奶牛血液生化指标的影响,随机将32头奶牛分为4组,日粮阴阳离子平衡(DCAB)分别为对照185 mEq/kgDM、试验Ⅰ组243 mEq/kgDM、试验Ⅱ组317 mEq/kgDM、试验Ⅲ组442 mEq/kgDM).结果表明:(1)增加DCAB水平可以提高血液的pH值及HCO3 -浓度,降低CO2分压,差异均不显著(P>0.05),唯有试验Ⅲ组TCO2下降显著(P<0.05).(2)随着DCAB水平的增加,血清ALP增加(P>0.05)、血清CK降低(P>0.05);试验Ⅰ组血清TALT高于对照组,其他试验组均低于对照组(P>0.05).(3)试验Ⅱ组血清Na+、K+浓度最高,Na+组间差异显著(P<0.05);血清Cl-浓度随着DCAB的增加而降低,差异不显著(P>0.05);血清Ca2+呈二次曲线变化,差异不显著(P>0.05).(4)试验组T3含量均高于对照组,试验组血清COR、T4含量均低于对照组,试验Ⅰ、Ⅱ组血清PRL含量高于对照组,而试验Ⅲ组则降低,差异均不显著.(5)试验Ⅰ、Ⅱ组血清GLU分别比对照组含量增加,而试验Ⅲ组则显著下降(P<0.05).试验Ⅰ、Ⅱ组血清BUN含量比对照组增加显著(P<0.05),试验Ⅲ组则低于对照组0.78%,其中试验Ⅰ组血清BUN最高.综合DCAB对血液缓冲能力、激素和酶水平等方面考虑,在泌乳前期DCAB为275 meq/kgDM时饲喂效果较好.%To study the effects of DCAB on blood biochemical parameters of heat stressed early lactation dairy cows 32 cows in early lactation were selected respectively, and assigned randomly into 4 groups ( DCAB of the control group was 185 mEq/kgDM, that of the test group I was 243 mEq/kgDM, that of the test group Ewas 317 mEq/kgDM, and that of group HI was 442 mEq/kgDM). The main results showed as follows; ( 1) increasing dietary cation -anion (DCAB) can increase blood pH levels, and HCO3 concentration and reduce the CO2 partial pressure, the difference was not significant (P >0. 05) , TCO2 of group M significantly decreased (P 0.05),serum CK

  2. 硫化物急性毒性对曼氏无针乌贼幼体血液生理生化指标的影响%Acute toxic physiological and biochemical impacts of sulfide on the blood of juvenile Sepiella maindroni

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹飞; 彭士明; 范帆; 孙鹏; 施兆鸿

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we have done investigative testing and analysis of the acute toxity impacts of sulfide on the blood of juvenile Sepiella maindroni from the physiological and biochemical points of view. In proceeding with our research, the juvenile Sepiella maindroni were let to be exposed to 10 mg/L (24 h LC50) of sodium sulfide in a glass tank (60 cm x 60 cm x 70 cm) , and the blood immune parameters- the total haemocyte count (THC), glucose ( CLU), cholesterol (CH), triglyceride (TG), the total protein (T - MP) concentrations, alanine aminotransferase ( ALT) and aspartate amino-traseferase (AST) activities, the AST/ALT ratios for 0, 6, 12 and 24 hours respectively. Throughout the experimental period, the water salinity, temperature, pH and DO were respectively kept at 23.0, (27 ± 1) ℃, 7.5 ± 1, 6.0 - 6.5 mg/L. The results of our experiments show that the THC was found in decrease with the elongation of the treatment time (p < 0.05) . During the time lengths of the 24 h, 12 h and 6 h, the percentages of THC were found to get to 32% , 61% and 84% respectively of the control(0 h); while GLU (p > 0.05) and T- MP (p< 0.05) concentration were found first falling at the point of the 6 h and then rising from the 12 h. As to the GLU, its concentrations at the 24 h, 12 h and 6 h were 100% , 96% and 88% respectively of control. As to the concentrations of CH (p > 0.05) and TG (p > 0.05) and the activities of AST (p < 0.05), they were found also rising first and then falling roughly, running a-gainst that of GLU. Whereas the CH concentrations (TG concentration, and AST activity) at the 24 h, 12 h and 6 h were 100% (88%, 100%), 129% (125%, 181%) and 106% ( 125% , 181%) respectively of control, the ALT activity was first falling at the 6 h then rising at the 12 h and falls again in the end (p < 0.05) . It is also shown that the AST/ ALT ratio was first rising at the 6 h then falling at the 12 h and rising again at the end (p < 0.05). To sum up, the results

  3. Very Long Baseline Interferometry with the SKA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paragi, Z.; Godfrey, L.; Reynolds, C.; Rioja, M. J.; Deller, A.; Zhang, B.; Gurvits, L.; Bietenholz, M.; Szomoru, A.; Bignall, H. E.; Boven, P.; Charlot, P.; Dodson, R.; Frey, S.; Garrett, M. A.; Imai, H.; Lobanov, A.; Reid, M. J.; Ros, E.; van Langevelde, H. J.; Zensus, A. J.; Zheng, X. W.; Alberdi, A.; Agudo, I.; An, T.; Argo, M.; Beswick, R.; Biggs, A.; Brunthaler, A.; Campbell, B.; Cimo, G.; Colomer, F.; Corbel, S.; Conway, J. E.; Cseh, D.; Deane, R.; Falcke, H. D. E.; Gawronski, M.; Gaylard, M.; Giovannini, G.; Giroletti, M.; Goddi, C.; Goedhart, S.; Gómez, J. L.; Gunn, A.; Kharb, P.; Kloeckner, H. R.; Koerding, E.; Kovalev, Y.; Kunert-Bajraszewska, M.; Lindqvist, M.; Lister, M.; Mantovani, F.; Marti-Vidal, I.; Mezcua, M.; McKean, J.; Middelberg, E.; Miller-Jones, J. C. A.; Moldon, J.; Muxlow, T.; O'Brien, T.; Perez-Torres, M.; Pogrebenko, S. V.; Quick, J.; Rushton, A.; Schilizzi, R.; Smirnov, O.; Sohn, B. W.; Surcis, G.; Taylor, G. B.; Tingay, S.; Tudose, V. M.; van der Horst, A.; van Leeuwen, J.; Venturi, T.; Vermeulen, R.; Vlemmings, W. H. T.; de Witt, A.; Wucknitz, O.; Yang, J.; Gabänyi, K.; Jung, T.

    2015-04-01

    Adding VLBI capability to the SKA arrays will greatly broaden the science of the SKA, and is feasible within the current specifications. SKA-VLBI can be initially implemented by providing phased-array outputs for SKA1-MID and SKA1-SUR and using these extremely sensitive stations with other radio telescopes, and in SKA2 by realising a distributed configuration providing baselines up to thousands of km, merging it with existing VLBI networks. The motivation for and the possible realization of SKA-VLBI is described in this paper.

  4. Baseline scenarios of global environmental change

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents three baseline scenarios of no policy action computed by the IMAGE2 model. These scenarios cover a wide range of coupled global change indicators, including: energy demand and consumption; food demand, consumption, and production; changes in land cover including changes in extent of agricultural land and forest; emissions of greenhouse gases and ozone precursors; and climate change and its impacts on sea level rise, crop productivity and natural vegetation. Scenario information is available for the entire world with regional and grid scale detail, and covers from 1970 to 2100. (author)

  5. Very Long Baseline Interferometry with the SKA

    CERN Document Server

    Paragi, Zsolt; Reynolds, Cormac; Rioja, Maria; Deller, Adam; Zhang, Bo; Gurvits, Leonid; Bietenholz, Michael; Szomoru, Arpad; Bignall, Hayley; Boven, Paul; Charlot, Patrick; Dodson, Richard; Frey, Sandor; Garrett, Michael; Imai, Hiroshi; Lobanov, Andrei; Reid, Mark; Ros, Eduardo; van Langevelde, Huib; Zensus, J Anton; Zheng, Xing Wu; Alberdi, Antxon; Agudo, Ivan; An, Tao; Argo, Megan; Beswick, Rob; Biggs, Andy D; Brunthaler, Andreas; Campbell, Robert M; Cimo, Giuseppe; Colomer, Francisco; Corbel, Stephane; Conway, John; Cseh, David; Deane, Roger; Falcke, Heino; Gabanyi, Krisztina; Gawronski, Marcin; Gaylard, Michael; Giovannini, Gabriele; Giroletti, Marcello; Goddi, Ciriaco; Goedhart, Sharmila; Gomez, Jose L; Gunn, Alastair; Jung, Taehyun; Kharb, Preeti; Klockner, Hans-Rainer; Kording, Elmar; Kovalev, Yurii Yu; Kunert-Bajraszewska, Magdalena; Lindqvist, Michael; Lister, Matt; Mantovani, Franco; Marti-Vidal, Ivan; Mezcua, Mar; McKean, John; Middelberg, Enno; Miller-Jones, James; Moldon, Javier; Muxlow, Tom; O'Brien, Tim; Pérez-Torres, Miguel; Pogrebenko, Sergei; Quick, Jonathan; Rushton, Anthony P; Schilizzi, Richard; Smirnov, Oleg; Sohn, Bong Won; Surcis, Gabriele; Taylor, Greg; Tingay, Steven; Tudose, Valeriu; van der Horst, Alexander; van Leeuwen, Joeri; Venturi, Tiziana; Vermeulen, Rene; Vlemmings, Wouter; de Witt, Aletha; Wucknitz, Olaf; Yang, Jun

    2014-01-01

    Adding VLBI capability to the SKA arrays will greatly broaden the science of the SKA, and is feasible within the current specifications. SKA-VLBI can be initially implemented by providing phased-array outputs for SKA1-MID and SKA1-SUR and using these extremely sensitive stations with other radio telescopes, and in SKA2 by realising a distributed configuration providing baselines up to thousands of km, merging it with existing VLBI networks. The motivation for and the possible realization of SKA-VLBI is described in this paper.

  6. SRP Baseline Hydrogeologic Investigation, Phase 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bledsoe, H.W.

    1988-08-01

    The SRP Baseline Hydrogeologic Investigation was implemented for the purpose of updating and improving the knowledge and understanding of the hydrogeologic systems underlying the SRP site. Phase III, which is discussed in this report, includes the drilling of 7 deep coreholes (sites P-24 through P-30) and the installation of 53 observation wells ranging in depth from approximately 50 ft to more than 970 ft below the ground surface. In addition to the collection of geologic cores for lithologic and stratigraphic study, samples were also collected for the determination of physical characteristics of the sediments and for the identification of microorganisms.

  7. CLINICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AT THE CIRRHOSIS OF VARIOUS GENESIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. R. Bilalova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the study. To carry out a comparative description of the clinical and biochemical parameters at patients with cirrhosis of an alcoholic genesis (CP-HGA and cirrhosis of mixed etiologies — CP-HGM (HСV+ alcohol.Materials and methods. The study involved 62 patients with cirrhosis of different etiologies, who carries out clinical, immunogenetic and biochemical studies.Results. Patients with the 3d genotype and low viral load were registered with cirrhosis of mixed etiologies (HСV+ alcohol. At the cirrhosis Class B for Child-Pugh basic data biochemical parameters were similar in patients with CP-HGA and CP-HGM, but ALT and AST activity, which are significantly higher than observed in patients with CP-HGM. At dismissal, ALT and GGT activities were detected significantly higher in patients with CP-HGM than the CP-HGA. At the cirrhosis Class C for Child-Pugh the baseline, reflecting cholestasis — is total bilirubin, GGT and alkaline phosphatase and were detected significantly higher in the CP-HGA, than with CP-HGM significantly reduced, and thore is no differences between the groups to be discharged from the hospital, in addition to the activity of GGT, which it remained significantly higher in the CP-HGA, than with CP-HGM. Cytolytic activity of enzymes (ALT, AST during the entire period of the disease was observed significantly higher normal values and did not depend on the CP etiology.Conclusion decision. The maximum rate of change of the basic biochemical parameters is observed in patients with cirrhosis of mixed etiologies Class B for Child-Pugh and at the cirrhosis of an alcoholic genesis — in patients with cirrhosis Class C.

  8. Erythrocytes modulate cell cycle progression but not the baseline frequency of sister chromatid exchanges in pig lymphocytes

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel A. Reigosa; Sonia Soloneski; Garcia, Carlos F.; Larramendy, Marcelo L.

    1997-01-01

    The effect of co-culturing varying concentrations of pig and human red blood cells (RBCs) on the baseline frequency of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) and cell-cycle progression in pig plasma (PLCs) and whole blood leukocyte cultures (WBCs) was studied. No variation in SCE frequency was observed between pig control WBC and PLC. Addition of pig and human RBCs to pig PLCs did not modify the baseline frequency of SCEs. On the other hand, cell proliferation was slower in PLCs than in WBCs. The ...

  9. Blood / Money

    OpenAIRE

    Strong, Thomas

    1997-01-01

    Marilyn Strathern has argued that "nature" in Euro-American culture has appeared as constraint; it has figured the givens of existence on which human artifice is seen to construct "society" or "culture."(5) Among those givens is the notion that human beings are naturally individuals. And blood, too, images individuality: "The very thought of blood, individual blood, touches the deepest feelings in man about life and death" ([RIchard Titmuss] 16.) Transfusion medicine, then, draws on a series ...

  10. 甜菜碱对奥尼罗非鱼生长、体脂含量及血清生化指标的影响%Effects of dietary Betaine on growth, fat content and biochemical indexs in blood of tilapia(Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochrmis aureus)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱定贵; 于丹; 陈涛; 战歌; 黄凯; 麻艳群; 杨思华

    2011-01-01

    750 juvenile tilapia( Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochrmis aureu.s ) were randomly allotted to five groups, and were fed diets supplemented with different level Betaine (0、0.15% 、0.30% 、0.45% and 0.60% ) for 65 d to investigate the effects of Betaine on growth, fat content and biochemical indexs of blood of tilapia.The results showed that tilapia' WGR were 19.52%、 16.63% and 21.38% higher than that of control group ( P < 0.05 ) respectively when tilapia feed were added with 0.30% - 0.60% Betaine; FRC reduced by 25.55% 、20.44 % and 29.93% ( P < 0.05 ) respectively; the HSI reduced by 9.29% 、38.57% and 29.29% ( P < 0.05 ); the contents of TG in Tilapia' s plasma reduced by 66.28% 、55.81% and 80.23% (P <0.05) respectively; the activities of AMY in Tilapia' s plasma reduced by 88.78% 、37.59% and 62.41% ( P < 0.05 ); the contents of ALB and TP in Tilapia' s plasma were improved, the contents of CHOL in Tilapia' s plasma reduced; the activities of LDH、 ALT and AST in Tilapia' s plasma reduced respectively.Therefore, under this research condition, it is suggested that the supplement of Betaine in diets of juvenile tilapia was the best at 0.45% ~ 0.60%.%取奥尼罗非鱼(Oreochromis niloticus×Oreochrmis aureus)750尾,随机分为5组,分别饲喂甜菜碱(Betaine)添加量为0、0.15%、0.30%、0.45%和0.60%的饲料,饲养65 d,以研究甜菜碱对奥尼罗非鱼生长、体脂含量及血清生化指标的影响.结果表明:当甜菜碱添加量为0.30%~0.60%时,罗非鱼的增重率较对照组分别提高19.52%、16.63%和21.38%;饲料系数分别降低25.55%、20.44%和29.93%;肝体比降低9.29%、38.57%和29.29%;血清中甘油三酯含量较对照组分别降低66.28%、55.81%和80.23%;淀粉酶活性降低88.78%、37.59%和62.41%;白蛋白和总蛋白含量升高,胆固醇含量显著降低;谷丙转氨酶、谷草转氨酶、乳酸脱氧酶活性均有所降低.在本研究条件下,

  11. The Effect of Echinacea Compound on Performance and Blood Biochemical Indexes of Laying Hens under High Temperature%紫锥菊复方对高温条件下蛋鸡生产性能及血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代雪立; 石达友; 莫桂芬; 单奇; 郭世宁

    2011-01-01

    In order to study the effect of Echinacea compound on laying hens' production performance and blood biochemical indexes under high temperature, 250 aged 60-week Highland Brown laying hens were randomly divided into five groups: 0. 5% dose of Echinacea compound group, 1% dose of Echinacea compound group, 1.5% dose of Echinacea compound group, 0. 04% dose of vitamin C group and control group. The results showed that the 1% dose of Echinacea compound and 1. 5% dose of Echinacea compound could significantly enhance the feed intake of chickens,the egg production rate(P<0. 05), lower the feed egg ratio(P<0. 05) .under high temperature; the vitamin C's effect of improving the feed intake of chickens, the egg production rate, the feed egg ratio of laying hens was not significant under high temperature, but it could reduce the soft-broken egg rate and the chickens died number. Compared with the control group, the different concentrations of Echinacea compound and vitamin C could increase the serum's GLU, TP, ALB content and ALP activity, reduce the serum's TG, CHO concentration and AST, ALT, CK activity.%为研究紫锥菊复方对高温条件下蛋鸡生产性能和血液生化指标的影响,选用60周龄海兰褐蛋鸡250只,随机分为5组,试验第1~4组日粮中分别添加0.5%、1%、1.5%的紫锥菊复方和0.04%维生索C,第5组为空白对照组.试验结果表明,1%紫锥菊复方和1.5%紫锥菊复方能够显著提高高温条件下蛋鸡的采食量、产蛋率(P<0.05),降低料蛋比(P<0.05);维生素C对于高温条件下蛋鸡采食量、产蛋率、料蛋比的影响差异不显著(P>0.05),但可降低蛋鸡软破蛋比率和鸡群死淘数;与对照组相比,不同浓度的紫锥菊复方和维生素C均可明显提高血清GLU、TP、ALB水平和ALP活性,降低血清TG、CHO浓度和ALT、CK活性.

  12. Biochemical Markers of Myocardial Damage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodor, Geza S

    2016-04-01

    Heart diseases, especially coronary artery diseases (CAD), are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Effective therapy is available to ensure patient survival and to prevent long term sequelae after an acute ischemic event caused by CAD, but appropriate therapy requires rapid and accurate diagnosis. Research into the pathology of CAD have demonstrated the usefulness of measuring concentrations of chemicals released from the injured cardiac muscle can aid the diagnosis of diseases caused by myocardial ischemia. Since the mid-1950s successively better biochemical markers have been described in research publications and applied for the clinical diagnosis of acute ischemic myocardial injury. Aspartate aminotransferase of the 1950s was replaced by other cytosolic enzymes such as lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase and their isoenzymes that exhibited better cardiac specificity. With the availability of immunoassays, other muscle proteins, that had no enzymatic activity, were also added to the diagnostic arsenal but their limited tissue specificity and sensitivity lead to suboptimal diagnostic performance. After the discovery that cardiac troponins I and T have the desired specificity, they have replaced the cytosolic enzymes in the role of diagnosing myocardial ischemia and infarction. The use of the troponins provided new knowledge that led to revision and redefinition of ischemic myocardial injury as well as the introduction of biochemicals for estimation of the probability of future ischemic myocardial events. These markers, known as cardiac risk markers, evolved from the diagnostic markers such as CK-MB or troponins, but markers of inflammation also belong to these groups of diagnostic chemicals. This review article presents a brief summary of the most significant developments in the field of biochemical markers of cardiac injury and summarizes the most recent significant recommendations regarding the use of the cardiac markers in

  13. Vegetation baseline report : Connacher great divide project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-08-01

    This baseline report supported an application by Connacher Oil and Gas Ltd. to the Alberta Energy and Utilities Board (EUB) and Alberta Environment (AENV) for the Great Divide Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) Project. The goal of the report was to document the distribution and occurrence of ecosite phases and wetland classes in the project footprint as well as to document the distribution of rare plants; rare plant communities: and intrusive species and old growth communities, including species of management concern. A methodology of the baseline report was presented, including details of mapping and field surveys. Six vegetation types in addition to the disturbed land unit were identified in the project footprint and associated buffer. It was noted that all vegetation types are common for the boreal forest natural regions. Several species of management concern were identified during the spring rare plant survey, including rare bryophytes and non-native or invasive species. Mitigation was identified through a slight shift of the footprint, transplant of appropriate bryophyte species and implementation of a weed management plan. It was noted that results of future surveys for rare plants will be submitted upon completion. It was concluded that the effects of the project on existing vegetation is expected to be low because of the small footprint, prior disturbance history, available mitigation measures and conservation and reclamation planning. 27 refs., 5 tabs., 4 figs.

  14. Enzyme and biochemical producing fungi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lübeck, Peter Stephensen; Lübeck, Mette; Nilsson, Lena;

    2010-01-01

    We are developing a biorefinery concept for biological production of chemicals, drugs, feed and fuels using plant biomass as raw material in well-defined cell-factories. Among the important goals is the discovery of new biocatalysts for production of enzymes, biochemicals and fuels and already our...... screening of a large collection of fungal strains isolated from natural habitats have resulted in identification of strains with high production of hydrolytic enzymes and excretion of organic acids. Our research focuses on creating a fungal platform based on synthetic biology for developing new cell...

  15. Baseline hematology and clinical chemistry results from captive-raised trumpeter swans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, G.H.; Rininger, D.L.; Ets, M.K.; Sladen, William J. L.; Rees, Eileen C.; Earnst, Susan L.; Coulson, John C.

    2002-01-01

    Results from hematology and clinical chemistry tests are presented for healthy captive-raised Trumpeter Swans (Cygnus buccinator) to help establish baseline data. Blood samples were obtained from 14 cygnets between the ages of three to four and seven to eight months that were the subjects of a study to teach migration routes to swans. Males and females differed significantly in asparatate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and total protein. Age categories differed significantly in hematocrit, white blood cell counts, alkaline phosphatase, aspar-rate aminotransferase, glucose, cholesterol and uric acid. There were no significant differences among age categories in values of alanine aminotransferase, calcium, triglycerides and total protein.

  16. Understanding Blood Counts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lab and Imaging Tests Understanding Blood Counts Understanding Blood Counts Understanding Blood Counts SHARE: Print Glossary Blood cell counts give ... your blood that's occupied by red cells. Normal Blood Counts Normal blood counts fall within a range ...

  17. Biochemical and haematological profile of pheasant hens during the laying period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, J; Bedanova, I; Voslarova, E; Hrabcakova, P; Chloupek, J; Pistekova, V

    2014-01-01

    The present paper provides new experimental data on the biochemical and haematological profile of blood in pheasant hens, and points out the changes in both biochemical and haematological parameters that occur during the laying period. Significant effects of egg laying on both the biochemical and the haematological blood parameters of pheasant hens were found. Biochemical analyses revealed a significant increase in the metabolites cholesterol, uric acid, lactate, the enzyme aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and the minerals calcium and phosphorous, as well as a significant decrease in total protein, albumin and glucose in the course of the laying period. Haematological analyses revealed a significant increase in the count of leukocytes, lymphocytes, eosinophils, basophils and monocytes due to egg laying. In addition, the erythrocyte count and haemoglobin content significantly decreased in the middle of the laying period and then rebounded at the end of the laying period. The haematocrit content gradually decreased till the end of the laying period. All together, the results of this study underline the impact of the reproduction status of pheasant hens on basic blood parameters. The biochemical and haematological values presented in this study may be of help in assessing disease conditions in laying pheasant hens.

  18. Lymphatic filariasis baseline survey in two sentinel sites of Ogun state, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Okorie, Patricia Nkem; Davies, Emmanuel; Ogunmola, Olushola Omoniyi; Ojurongbe, Olusola; Saka, Yisa; Okoeguale, Bridget; Braide, Ekanem Ikpi

    2015-01-01

    Introduction In preparation for Mass Drug Administration by National Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination Programme, a baseline epidemiological investigation on lymphatic filariasis (LF) was conducted in two sentinel sites of Ogun State, Nigeria. The study was carried out in Ado-Odo Ota and Abeokuta South Local Government Areas (LGAs) to determine LF prevalence, microfilarial density and the abundance of Wucheraria bancrofti in the mosquito vectors. Methods Microscopic examination of thick blood ...

  19. Spent Mushroom Substrate Influences Elk (Cervus Elaphus Canadensis) Hematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Jae Hong; Kim, Sang Woo; DO, YOON JUNG; Kim, Hyun; Ko, Yeoung Gyu; Yang, Boh Suk; Shin, Daekeun; Cho, Young Moo

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) derived from Pleurotus eryngii on the hematological and biochemical blood properties of elk. A total of 18, two and three-year-old elk were fed three different levels of SMS (0, 15 and 20%) in a corn-wheat bran diet for 80 days. The results indicated significantly high levels of blood monocytes, hemoglobin (Hb), and hematocrit (HCT) in elk fed 15% or 20% SMS (p

  20. Biochemical screening for inherited metabolic disorders in the mentally retarded.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, H E; Goodman, R; Schram, J; Diamond, E; Daneel, A

    1981-11-01

    A biochemical screening programme for the detection of inherited metabolic disease was carried out on urine and blood samples from inmates of the Alexandra Institute for the mentally retarded, Cape Town. Of the 1087 patients screened, positive results for phenylketonuria were obtained in 3, for cystinuria in 2 and for Hartnup disease in 1. The overall frequency of metabolic disorders was 0,6%. It is evident that genetic metabolic disease as detected by current screening procedures makes only a small contribution to the overall burden of mental retardation. PMID:6795726

  1. Diurnal changes of biochemical metabolic markers in healthy young males

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sennels, Henriette P; Jørgensen, Henrik L; Fahrenkrug, Jan

    2015-01-01

    .06 mmol/L) did not show significant oscillations. CONCLUSIONS: When diagnosing and monitoring metabolic disorders compensation for the 24-h variation of the biochemical metabolic markers is needed especially C-peptide, triglyceride and glucose. Furthermore, the stable HbA1c level through 24 h makes......BACKGROUND: To examine whether time of the day has an effect on the circulating levels of metabolism parameters. METHODS: Venous blood samples were obtained under standardized conditions from 24 healthy young men every third hour through 24 hours. The metabolic markers and melatonin were examined...

  2. Tightly coupled long baseline/ultra-short baseline integrated navigation system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batista, Pedro; Silvestre, Carlos; Oliveira, Paulo

    2016-06-01

    This paper proposes a novel integrated navigation filter based on a combined long baseline/ultra short baseline acoustic positioning system with application to underwater vehicles. With a tightly coupled structure, the position, linear velocity, attitude, and rate gyro bias are estimated, considering the full nonlinear system dynamics without resorting to any algebraic inversion or linearisation techniques. The resulting solution ensures convergence of the estimation error to zero for all initial conditions, exponentially fast. Finally, it is shown, under simulation environment, that the filter achieves very good performance in the presence of sensor noise.

  3. Blood donation

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2009-01-01

    A blood donation is organised by the Cantonal Hospital of Geneva On Thursday 19 March 2009 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. CERN RESTAURANT 2 Number of donations during the last blood donations :135 donors in July 2008 122 donors in November 2008 Let’s do better in 2009 !!! Give 30 minutes of your time to save lives...

  4. BLOOD DONATION

    CERN Document Server

    SC Unit

    2008-01-01

    A blood donation, organized by EFS (Etablissement Français du Sang) of Annemasse will take place On Wednesday 12 November 2008, from 8:30 to 16:00, at CERN Restaurant 2 If possible, please, bring your blood group Card.

  5. Vector Encoding in Biochemical Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Garrett; Sun, Bo

    Encoding of environmental cues via biochemical signaling pathways is of vital importance in the transmission of information for cells in a network. The current literature assumes a single cell state is used to encode information, however, recent research suggests the optimal strategy utilizes a vector of cell states sampled at various time points. To elucidate the optimal sampling strategy for vector encoding, we take an information theoretic approach and determine the mutual information of the calcium signaling dynamics obtained from fibroblast cells perturbed with different concentrations of ATP. Specifically, we analyze the sampling strategies under the cases of fixed and non-fixed vector dimension as well as the efficiency of these strategies. Our results show that sampling with greater frequency is optimal in the case of non-fixed vector dimension but that, in general, a lower sampling frequency is best from both a fixed vector dimension and efficiency standpoint. Further, we find the use of a simple modified Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process as a model qualitatively captures many of our experimental results suggesting that sampling in biochemical networks is based on a few basic components.

  6. 玉米酒精糟和复合酶对生长育肥猪血液生化指标和肠道健康的影响%Effects of corn DDGS and compound enzyme preparations on the blood biochemical indicator and gut health in growing-finishing pigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王潇; 李根来; 姚文

    2012-01-01

    本试验旨在探讨生长育肥猪饲粮中添加一定量的玉米酒精糟(DDGS)和复合酶对生长育肥猪血液生化指标和肠道健康的影响.150头70日龄杜×长×大三元杂交商品猪,根据体重和性别随机分成3个处理,每个处理5个重复,每个重复10头猪,进行两阶段饲养.对照组饲喂玉米-豆粕型日粮,试验1组和2组在生长期和育肥期饲料中分别以10%和15%的玉米DDGS替代部分玉米和豆粕,试验2组添加200 g/T的复合酶.于试验开始后的第24,48,70和90天,每栏随机选取一头猪,直肠无菌采集粪样以检测其中的乳酸菌和大肠杆菌的数量.试验结束时,每栏随机选取一头猪进行屠宰,采集血液和组织样品,进行血液生化指标的测定和小肠形态的观察.结果显示,添加玉米DDGS和复合酶对肝、脾指数和血液AKP、γ-GT、GOT和GPT水平没有显著影响(P>0.05);试验组猪的十二指肠和回肠绒毛高度与隐窝深度之比值大于对照组,且试验2组在育肥期达到显著水平(P<0.05).试验2组育肥期粪样中乳酸菌数量较对照组显著升高(P<0.05),试验1组生长期粪样中大肠杆菌数量则显著低于对照组(P<0.05).因此,本研究中玉米DDGS的添加量不仅没有对生长育肥猪的肠道形态和肝脏等器官产生明显的毒害作用,而且结合复合酶的使用有利于提高十二指肠和回肠绒毛高度与隐窝深度之比值,一定程度上促进了生长育肥猪后肠中乳酸菌的生长,抑制了大肠杆菌的生长,有助于维持肠道健康.%To investigate the effect of corn DDGS and compound enzyme preparations on blood biochemical indicator and gut health in growing-finishing pigs, 150 pigs (DurocxLandracexYorkshire) at the age of 70 days were randomly allotted to three dietary treatments on the basis of body weight and gender. Control diets were a basic corn-soybean meal diet. Treatments 1 and 2 were corn-soybean meal-DDGS diets with 10% corn DDGS

  7. 温度和饲料蛋白质水平对松浦镜鲤幼鱼血清生化指标的影响%Effects of temperature and dietary protein content on the blood biochemical parameters in juvenile Songpu mirror carp Cyprinus specularis Songpu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄金凤; 徐奇友; 王常安; 赵志刚; 罗亮

    2013-01-01

    The effects of water temperature (18, 23 ℃, and 28 ℃ ) and dietary protein levels (30% , 32% , 34% , 36% and 38%) on blood biochemical parameters were investigated in juvenile (body weight 10. 11 g±l. 07 g) Songpu mirror carp Cyprinus specularis Songpu reared in recirculating tanks at a rate of 30 individuals per tank with triplication for 60 d. The results showed that total protein (TP) and triglyceride (TG) levels in the juveniles were increased with the increase in dietary protein levels at 18 ℃, while glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase (AST) activity decreased with the increase in dietary protein levels at 18 ℃. There were no significant differences in total cholesterol (CHOL) levels at all temperature (P>0.05) , and urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (CREA), blood glucose (GLU) , and albumin (ALB) levels, and glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (ALT) activity, and athero-genic lipoprotein profile (ALP) levels were increased then decreased with increase in dietary protein levels. There were no significant differences (P>0.05) in protein treatments. Under the same protein level, TG, BUN, CREA, TP, ALB, ALT and AST levels were significant decreased (P<0.05) with the increase in temperature, while ALP level were significant increased(P<0.05). At 23 ℃ , GLU and GGT levels were significant higher than that in the other temperature treatments. There was better nutritive metabolism of Songou mirror carp at 23 ℃ than at 18 and 28 X ,and the optimal dietary protein level was found to be 32% at 18 ℃ , 34% at 23 ℃ and 34% at 28 ℃.%研究了在不同温度(18、23、28℃)下,饲喂5种蛋白质水平(质量分数为30%、32%、34%、36%和38%)的饲料对松浦镜鲤Cyprinus specularis Songpu幼鱼(10.11 g±1.07 g)血清生化指标的影响.试验分为15组,每组设3个重复,每个重复放30尾鱼,饲养试验共进行60 d.结果表明:18℃下,鱼血清总蛋白(TP)和甘油三酯(TG)含量随饲料蛋白质水平的升高而升高,血清谷

  8. EFFECTS OF DIETARY LIPID LEVELS ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE, NUTRIENT DIGESTIBILITY AND BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL INDICES OF GIFT TILAPIA (OREOCHROMIS NILOTICUS)%饲料脂肪水平对吉富罗非鱼生产性能、营养物质消化及血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱民; 韩光明; 封功能; 杨文平; 郭家豪; 王恬; 徐跑

    2011-01-01

    In order to determine the optimal levels of the lipid of GIFT strain Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), 630 GIFT with average weight of (2.63±0. 16) g were divided into six groups (1.73% lipid, 3.71% lipid, 5.69% lipid, 7.67% lipid, 9.64% lipid and 16.55% lipid) randomly. One with triplication was the control group fed with basal diet (1.73% lipid), the others were the treated groups fed with basal diet (1.73% lipid) supplemented with 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 15% fish oil, respectively. After rearing 90d, the growth, feed conversion ratio, nutrient apparent digestibility and blood biochemical parameter were determined. Results showed that, along with dietary lipid level raising, weight gain rate and specific growth rate had a trend of going up first then falling down (P<0.05), protein efficiency ratio improved (P<0.01) and feed conversion ratio reduced (P<0.01). Second-order regression of weight gain rate on concentrations of dietary lipid indicated that the optimal dietary lipid for maximal growth of GIFT tilapia was about 9.34%. Crude protein and dry-matter digestibility had no significant effected by dietary lipid levels (P>0.05). Crude lipid and phosphorus digestibility raised significantly with dietary lipid level increasing (P<0.05). Albumin and albumin/globulin ratio in 1.73% group (this group did not added fish oil) was significantly higher than other group (P<0.05). Along with dietary lipid level raising, cholesterol and alkaline phosphatase of fish serum raised significantly (P<0.01). Dietary lipid level had significantly influence on blood glucose (P<0.05), and there was no significantly influence on the content of triglyceride and the activities of glutamic-pyruvic transaminase and glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (P>0.05). It indicated that the level of lipid in the dietary could improve the growth, the apparent digestibilities of crude lipid and phosphorus to some degree, but excessive amount of lipid

  9. Tainted blood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deleuran, Ida; Sheikh, Zainab Afshan; Hoeyer, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    study of the historical rise and current workings of safety practices in the Danish blood system. Here, we identify a strong focus on contamination in order to avoid 'tainted blood', at the expense of working with risks that could be avoided through enhanced blood monitoring practices. Of further...... significance to this focus are the social dynamics found at the heart of safety practices aimed at avoiding contamination. We argue that such dynamics need more attention, in order to achieve good health outcomes in transfusion medicine. Thus, we conclude that, to ensure continuously safe blood systems, we...... need to move beyond the bifurcation of the social and medical aspects of blood supply as two separate issues and approach social dynamics as key medical safety questions....

  10. Intensity interferometry: Optical imaging with kilometer baselines

    CERN Document Server

    Dravins, Dainis

    2016-01-01

    Optical imaging with microarcsecond resolution will reveal details across and outside stellar surfaces but requires kilometer-scale interferometers, challenging to realize either on the ground or in space. Intensity interferometry, electronically connecting independent telescopes, has a noise budget that relates to the electronic time resolution, circumventing issues of atmospheric turbulence. Extents up to a few km are becoming realistic with arrays of optical air Cherenkov telescopes (primarily erected for gamma-ray studies), enabling an optical equivalent of radio interferometer arrays. Pioneered by Hanbury Brown and Twiss, digital versions of the technique have now been demonstrated, reconstructing diffraction-limited images from laboratory measurements over hundreds of optical baselines. This review outlines the method from its beginnings, describes current experiments, and sketches prospects for future observations.

  11. Sterile neutrino fits to short baseline data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collin, G. H.; Argüelles, C. A.; Conrad, J. M.; Shaevitz, M. H.

    2016-07-01

    Neutrino oscillation models involving extra mass eigenstates beyond the standard three (3 + N) are fit to global short baseline experimental data. We find that 3 + 1 has a best fit of Δ m412 = 1.75 eV2 with a Δ χnull-min2 (dof) of 52.34 (3). The 3 + 2 fit has a Δ χnull-min2 (dof) of 56.99 (7). For the first time, we show Bayesian credible intervals for a 3 + 1 model. These are found to be in agreement with frequentist intervals. The results of these new fits favor a higher Δm2 value than previous studies, which may have an impact on future sterile neutrino searches such as the Fermilab SBN program.

  12. Pentek concrete scabbling system: Baseline report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-31

    The Pentek scabbling technology was tested at Florida International University (FIU) and is being evaluated as a baseline technology. This report evaluates it for safety and health issues. It is a commercially available technology and has been used for various projects at locations throughout the country. The Pentek concrete scabbling system consisted of the MOOSE{reg_sign}, SQUIRREL{reg_sign}-I, and SQUIRREL{reg_sign}-III scabblers. The scabblers are designed to scarify concrete floors and slabs using cross-section, tungsten carbide tipped bits. The bits are designed to remove concrete in 318 inch increments. The bits are either 9-tooth or demolition type. The scabblers are used with a vacuum system designed to collect and filter the concrete dust and contamination that is removed from the surface. The safety and health evaluation during the human factors assessment focused on two main areas: noise and dust.

  13. The WITCH Model. Structure, Baseline, Solutions.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bosetti, V.; Massetti, E.; Tavoni, M.

    2007-07-01

    WITCH - World Induced Technical Change Hybrid - is a regionally disaggregated hard link hybrid global model with a neoclassical optimal growth structure (top down) and an energy input detail (bottom up). The model endogenously accounts for technological change, both through learning curves affecting prices of new vintages of capital and through R and D investments. The model features the main economic and environmental policies in each world region as the outcome of a dynamic game. WITCH belongs to the class of Integrated Assessment Models as it possesses a climate module that feeds climate changes back into the economy. In this paper we provide a thorough discussion of the model structure and baseline projections. We report detailed information on the evolution of energy demand, technology and CO2 emissions. Finally, we explicitly quantifiy the role of free riding in determining the emissions scenarios. (auth)

  14. Octant degeneracy, CPV phase at Long Baseline $\

    CERN Document Server

    Bora, Kalpana; Dutta, Debajyoti

    2015-01-01

    In a recent work by two of us, we have studied, how CP violation discovery potential can be improved at long baseline neutrino experiments (LBNE/DUNE), by combining with its ND (near detector) and reactor experiments. In this work, we discuss how this study can be further analysed to resolve entanglement of the quadrant of CPV phase and Octant of atmospheric mixing angle {\\theta}23, at LBNEs. The study is done for both NH (Normal hierarchy) and IH (Inverted hierarchy). We further show how leptogenesis can enhance this effect of resolving this entanglement. A detailed analytic and numerical study of baryogenesis through leptogenesis is performed in this framework in a model independent way. We then compare our result of the baryon to photon ratio with the the current observational data of the baryon asymmetry.

  15. Mujeres en accion: design and baseline data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Colleen; Fleury, Julie; Perez, Adriana; Belyea, Michael; Castro, Felipe G

    2011-10-01

    The majority of programs designed to promote physical activity in older Hispanic women includes few innovative theory-based interventions that address cultural relevant strategies. The purpose of this report is to describe the design and baseline data for Mujeres en Accion, a physical activity intervention to increase regular physical activity, and cardiovascular health outcomes among older Hispanic women. Mujeres en Accion [Women in Action for Health], a 12 month randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a social support physical activity intervention in midlife and older Hispanic women. This study tests an innovative intervention, Mujeres en Accion, and includes the use of a theory-driven approach to intervention, explores social support as a theoretical mediating variable, use of a Promotora model and a Community Advisory group to incorporate cultural and social approaches and resources, and use of objective measures of physical activity in Hispanic women. PMID:21298400

  16. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Waste Treatment Baseline

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gombert, Dirk; Ebert, William; Marra, James; Jubin, Robert; Vienna, John [Idaho National laboratory, 2525 Fremont Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83402 (United States)

    2008-07-01

    The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) program is designed to demonstrate that a proliferation-resistant and sustainable integrated nuclear fuel cycle can be commercialized and used internationally. Alternative stabilization concepts for byproducts and waste streams generated by fuel recycling processes were evaluated and a baseline set of waste forms was recommended for the safe disposition of waste streams. Specific waste forms are recommended based on the demonstrated or expected commercial practicability and technical maturity of the processes needed to make the waste forms, and expected performance of the waste form materials when disposed. Significant issues remain in developing technologies to process some of the wastes into the recommended waste forms, and a detailed analysis of technology readiness may lead to the choice of a different waste form than what is recommended herein. Evolving regulations could also affect the selection of waste forms. (authors)

  17. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Waste Treatment Baseline

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dirk Gombert; William Ebert; James Marra; Robert Jubin; John Vienna

    2008-05-01

    The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership program (GNEP) is designed to demonstrate a proliferation-resistant and sustainable integrated nuclear fuel cycle that can be commercialized and used internationally. Alternative stabilization concepts for byproducts and waste streams generated by fuel recycling processes were evaluated and a baseline of waste forms was recommended for the safe disposition of waste streams. Waste forms are recommended based on the demonstrated or expected commercial practicability and technical maturity of the processes needed to make the waste forms, and performance of the waste form materials when disposed. Significant issues remain in developing technologies to process some of the wastes into the recommended waste forms, and a detailed analysis of technology readiness and availability may lead to the choice of a different waste form than what is recommended herein. Evolving regulations could also affect the selection of waste forms.

  18. In-Space Manufacturing Baseline Property Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockman, Tom; Schneider, Judith; Prater, Tracie; Bean, Quincy; Werkheiser, Nicki

    2016-01-01

    The In-Space Manufacturing (ISM) project at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center currently operates a 3D FDM (fused deposition modeling) printer onboard the International Space Station. In order to enable utilization of this capability by designer, the project needs to establish characteristic material properties for materials produced using the process. This is difficult for additive manufacturing since standards and specifications do not yet exist for these technologies. Due to availability of crew time, there are limitations to the sample size which in turn limits the application of the traditional design allowables approaches to develop a materials property database for designers. In this study, various approaches to development of material databases were evaluated for use by designers of space systems who wish to leverage in-space manufacturing capabilities. This study focuses on alternative statistical techniques for baseline property development to support in-space manufacturing.

  19. Steganography Based on Baseline Sequential JPEG Compression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Information hiding in Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) compressed images are investigated in this paper. Quantization is the source of information loss in JPEG compression process. Therefore, information hidden in images is probably destroyed by JPEG compression. This paper presents an algorithm to reliably embed information into the JPEG bit streams in the process of JPEG encoding. Information extraction is performed in the process of JPEG decoding. The basic idea of our algorithm is to modify the quantized direct current (DC) coefficients and non-zero alternating current (AC) coefficients to represent one bit information (0 or 1). Experimental results on gray images using baseline sequential JPEG encoding show that the cover images (images without secret information) and the stego-images (images with secret information) are perceptually indiscernible.

  20. Biological baseline data Youngs Bay, Oregon, 1974

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMechan, K.J. (ed.); Higley, D.L.; Holton, R.L.

    1975-04-01

    This report presents biological baseline information gathered during the research project, Physical, Chemical and Biological Studies on Youngs Bay.'' Youngs Bay is a shallow embayment located on the south shore of the Columbia River, near Astoria, Oregon. Research on Youngs Bay was motivated by the proposed construction by Alumax Pacific Aluminum Corporation of an aluminum reduction plant at Warrenton, Oregon. The research was designed to provide biological baseline information on Youngs Bay in anticipation of potential harmful effects from plant effluents. The information collected concerns the kinds of animals found in the Youngs Bay area, and their distribution and seasonal patterns of abundance. In addition, information was collected on the feeding habits of selected fish species, and on the life history and behavioral characteristics of the most abundant benthic amphipod, Corophium salmonis. Sampling was conducted at approximately three-week intervals, using commonly accepted methods of animal collection. Relatively few stations were sampled for fish, because of the need to standardize conditions of capture. Data on fish capture are reported in terms of catch-per-unit effort by a particular sampling gear at a specific station. Methods used in sampling invertebrates were generally more quantitative, and allowed sampling at a greater variety of places, as well as a valid basis for the computation of densities. Checklists of invertebrate species and fish species were developed from these samples, and are referred to throughout the report. The invertebrate checklist is more specific taxonomically than are tables reporting invertebrate densities. This is because the methods employed in identification were more precise than those used in counts. 9 refs., 27 figs., 25 tabs.

  1. A molecular epidemiology project on diet and cancer: the EPIC-Italy Prospective Study. Design and baseline characteristics of participants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palli, Domenico; Berrino, Franco; Vineis, Paolo; Tumino, Rosario; Panico, Salvatore; Masala, Giovanna; Saieva, Calogero; Salvini, Simonetta; Ceroti, Marco; Pala, Valeria; Sieri, Sabina; Frasca, Graziella; Giurdanella, Maria Concetta; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Fiorini, Laura; Celentano, Egidio; Galasso, Rocco; Decarli, Adriano; Krogh, Vittorio

    2003-01-01

    EPIC-Italy is the Italian section of a larger project known as EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition), a prospective study on diet and cancer carried out in 10 European countries. In the period 1993-1998, EPIC-Italy completed the recruitment of 47,749 volunteers (15,171 men, 32,578 women, aged 35-65 years) in 4 different areas covered by cancer registries: Varese (12,083 volunteers) and Turin (10,604) in the Northern part of the country; Florence (13,597) and Ragusa (6,403) in Central and Southern Italy, respectively. An associate center in Naples enrolled 5,062 women. Detailed information for each individual volunteer about diet and life-style habits, anthropometric measurements and a blood sample was collected, after signing an informed consent form. A food frequency questionnaire specifically developed for the Italian dietary pattern was tested in a pilot phase. A computerized data base with the dietary and life-style information of each participant was completed. Blood samples were processed in the same day of collection, aliquoted (RBC, WBC, serum and plasma) and stored in liquid nitrogen containers. Follow-up procedures were validated and implemented for the identification of newly diagnosed cancer cases. Cancer incidence was related to dietary habits and biochemical markers of food consumption and individual susceptibility in order to test the role of diet-related exposure in the etiology of cancer and its interaction with other environmental or genetic determinants. The comparability of information in a prospective study design is much higher than in other studies. The availability of such a large biological bank linked to individual data on dietary and life-style exposures also provides the unique opportunity of evaluating the role of selected genotypes involved in the metabolism of chemical compounds and DNA repair, potentially related to the risk of cancer, in residents of geographic areas of Italy characterized by specific

  2. Baseline glucocorticoids are drivers of body mass gain in a diving seabird

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennin, Holly; Berlin, Alicia; Love, Oliver P.

    2016-01-01

    Life-history trade-offs are influenced by variation in individual state, with individuals in better condition often completing life-history stages with greater success. Although resource accrual significantly impacts key life-history decisions such as the timing of reproduction, little is known about the underlying mechanisms driving resource accumulation. Baseline corticosterone (CORT, the primary avian glucocorticoid) mediates daily and seasonal energetics, responds to changes in food availability, and has been linked to foraging behavior, making it a strong potential driver of individual variation in resource accrual and deposition. Working with a captive colony of white-winged scoters (Melanitta fusca deglandi), we aimed to causally determine whether variation in baseline CORT drives individual body mass gains mediated through fattening rate (plasma triglycerides corrected for body mass). We implanted individuals with each of three treatment pellets to elevate CORT within a baseline range in a randomized order: control, low dose of CORT, high dose of CORT, then blood sampled and recorded body mass over a two-week period to track changes in baseline CORT, body mass, and fattening rates. The high CORT treatment significantly elevated levels of plasma hormone for a short period of time within the biologically relevant, baseline range for this species, but importantly did not inhibit the function of the HPA (hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal) axis. Furthermore, an elevation in baseline CORT resulted in a consistent increase in body mass throughout the trial period compared to controls. This is some of the first empirical evidence demonstrating that elevations of baseline CORT within a biologically relevant range have a causal, direct, and positive influence on changes in body mass.

  3. B→O blood conversion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    To maintain a constant supply of "universal blood type", or group O red blood cells, has benefit in specialized transfusion condition. In this study, α-galactosidase cDNA was cloned from Catimor coffee bean grown in Hainan island, China, by the RT-PCR method. We have constructed a vector for α-galactosidase cDNA expression and transferred α-galactosidase cDNA into Pichia pastoris GS115 cells by electroporation. The recombinant α-galactosidase (r-α-GalE) was purified by cation ion exchange chromatography. After studying the biochemical characters of r-α-GalE, we have succeeded in converting human erythrocytes from group B to group O. The animal experiment showed that transfusion of enzymetically converted group O red blood cells (ECORBC) was perfectly safe.

  4. Digital Offshore Cadastre (DOC) - Pacific83 - Baseline Tangent Lines

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains baseline tangent lines and bay closing lines in ESRI Arc/Info export and Arc/View shape file formats for the BOEM Pacific Region. Baseline...

  5. The effect of short-baseline neutrino oscillations on LBNE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Louis, William C. [Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2015-10-15

    Short-baseline neutrino oscillations can have a relatively big effect on long-baseline oscillations, due to the cross terms that arise from multiple mass scales. The existing short-baseline anomalies suggest that short-baseline oscillations can affect the ν{sub μ} → ν{sub e} appearance probabilities by up to 20-40%, depending on the values of the CP-violating parameters.

  6. The effect of short-baseline neutrino oscillations on LBNE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louis, William C.

    2015-10-01

    Short-baseline neutrino oscillations can have a relatively big effect on long-baseline oscillations, due to the cross terms that arise from multiple mass scales. The existing short-baseline anomalies suggest that short-baseline oscillations can affect the νμ → νe appearance probabilities by up to 20-40%, depending on the values of the CP-violating parameters.

  7. Numerical simulations of a reduced model for blood coagulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlova, Jevgenija; Fasano, Antonio; Sequeira, Adélia

    2016-04-01

    In this work, the three-dimensional numerical resolution of a complex mathematical model for the blood coagulation process is presented. The model was illustrated in Fasano et al. (Clin Hemorheol Microcirc 51:1-14, 2012), Pavlova et al. (Theor Biol 380:367-379, 2015). It incorporates the action of the biochemical and cellular components of blood as well as the effects of the flow. The model is characterized by a reduction in the biochemical network and considers the impact of the blood slip at the vessel wall. Numerical results showing the capacity of the model to predict different perturbations in the hemostatic system are discussed.

  8. Importance of Biochemical Markers in Postmenopausal and Senile Osteoporosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deniz Evcik

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently, the biochemical markers are widely used in order to evaluate the bone turnover. This study was planned to investigate the role of biochemical markers and Bone Mineral Density(BMD in postmenopausal (PMO and senile osteoporosis (SO patients. A total of 86 patients( 44 PMO, 42 SO, ages ranged between 39-79 were included in this study. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP and osteocalcin levels were determined from blood samples. Urinary deoxypyridinoline(Dpd and creatinine(cr concentration were examined and the ratio of Dpd/cr was calculated. Also BMD of the patients were measured from L1-L4 and proximal femur and t score were determined. There was no statistical difference in ALP levels between two groups. Osteocalcine and Dpd/cr levels were statistically increased in PMO group(p<0.001. According to BMD t score which was measured from proximal femur was significantly higher in SO patients(p<0.05. Our results show that biochemical markers are useful for the assessment of high-turnover osteoporosis.

  9. Biochemical Analysis of Microbial Rhodopsins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maresca, Julia A; Keffer, Jessica L; Miller, Kelsey J

    2016-01-01

    Ion-pumping rhodopsins transfer ions across the microbial cell membrane in a light-dependent fashion. As the rate of biochemical characterization of microbial rhodopsins begins to catch up to the rate of microbial rhodopsin identification in environmental and genomic sequence data sets, in vitro analysis of their light-absorbing properties and in vivo analysis of ion pumping will remain critical to characterizing these proteins. As we learn more about the variety of physiological roles performed by microbial rhodopsins in different cell types and environments, observing the localization patterns of the rhodopsins and/or quantifying the number of rhodopsin-bearing cells in natural environments will become more important. Here, we provide protocols for purification of rhodopsin-containing membranes, detection of ion pumping, and observation of functional rhodopsins in laboratory and environmental samples using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy. © 2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PMID:27153387

  10. Haemato-biochemical and endocrine profiling of north western Himalayan Gaddi sheep during various physiological/reproductive phases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Sharma

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The study was aimed to provide baseline data regarding haemato-biochemical and endocrine profiling of Gaddi sheep found in north western Himalayan region of Himachal Pradesh, India. Each random sample was collected from 45 Gaddi sheep reared in government sheep breeding farm Tal, Hamirpur, India, during various reproductive phases viz. anestrus, breeding season and post partum period. Haematology revealed significantly higher (P<0.05 RBC as well as haematocrit values in pregnant animals (n=23 during breeding season than during other reproductive phases. The number of platelets were significantly lower (P<0.05 and MCH, MCHC values were statistically higher (P<0.05 during postpartum period than during other reproductive phases. Blood biochemistry revealed significantly higher (P<0.05 concentrations of plasma cholesterol (83.98±3.68 mg/dl, plasma calcium (71.06±1.52 mg/l, magnesium (18.21±0.53 mg/l, potassium (5.10±0.13 mEq/l and significantly lower (P<0.05 concentrations of plasma total protein (5.75±0.31 gm/dl, globulin (3.04±0.29 gm/dl and sodium (138.83±1.83 mEq/l during postpartum period in comparison to other reproductive phases. Endocrine profile revealed significantly higher (P<0.05 serum estrogen (60.97±1.24 pg/ml and T4 (6.0±0.27 μg/ml concentrations during postpartum phase. Similarly, significantly higher (P<0.05 serum progesterone (5.16±0.76 ng/ml as well as TSH (0.70±0.14 μg/ml concentration were recorded during pregnancy. From the study it can be concluded that physiological status significantly affects the blood metabolic and endocrine profile in Gaddi sheep.

  11. Blood proteins analysis by Raman spectroscopy method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artemyev, D. N.; Bratchenko, I. A.; Khristoforova, Yu. A.; Lykina, A. A.; Myakinin, O. O.; Kuzmina, T. P.; Davydkin, I. L.; Zakharov, V. P.

    2016-04-01

    This work is devoted to study the possibility of plasma proteins (albumin, globulins) concentration measurement using Raman spectroscopy setup. The blood plasma and whole blood were studied in this research. The obtained Raman spectra showed significant variation of intensities of certain spectral bands 940, 1005, 1330, 1450 and 1650 cm-1 for different protein fractions. Partial least squares regression analysis was used for determination of correlation coefficients. We have shown that the proposed method represents the structure and biochemical composition of major blood proteins.

  12. Moving blood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelis, K

    1997-01-01

    Our internationally acclaimed journalist Sanguinia has returned safely from her historic assignment. Travelling from Homeric Greece to British Romanticism, she was witness to blood drinking, letting, bathing, and transfusion. In this report, she explores connections between the symbolic and the sadistic; the mythic and the medical--all in an effort to appreciate the layered meanings our culture has given to the movement of blood between our bodies. PMID:9407636

  13. Blood Pressure Measurement Guidelines for Physical Therapists

    OpenAIRE

    Frese, Ethel M; Fick, Ann; Sadowsky, H. Steven

    2011-01-01

    Vital sign measurement and assessment are important components of the review of systems in a physical therapy examination for individuals with and without documented cardiopulmonary disease. The measurement of blood pressure gives the therapist information regarding the patient's baseline cardiovascular status, response to exercise/activity, and guides exercise prescription. Accurate measurement of blood pressure is critical for making appropriate clinical decisions especially if physical the...

  14. Biology of Blood

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Mail Facebook TwitterTitle Google+ LinkedIn Home Blood Disorders Biology of Blood Overview of Blood Medical Dictionary Also ... Version. DOCTORS: Click here for the Professional Version Biology of Blood Overview of Blood Components of Blood ...

  15. Blood donation before surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... type of donor blood. Many communities have a blood bank where healthy people can donate blood. This blood ... need to arrange with your hospital or local blood bank before your surgery to have directed donor blood. ...

  16. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Blood Basics Blood Disorders Anemia Bleeding Disorders Blood Cancers Blood Clots Blood Clotting and Pregnancy Clots and ... Increased maternal age Other medical illness (e.g., cancer, infection) back to top How are Blood Clots ...

  17. Catecholamine blood test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norepinephrine -- blood; Epinephrine -- blood; Adrenalin -- blood; Dopamine -- blood ... A blood sample is needed. ... the test. This is especially true if both blood and urine catecholamines are to be measured. You ...

  18. Blood (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Story" 5 Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Blood KidsHealth > For Parents > Blood Print A A A ... about the mysterious, life-sustaining fluid called blood. Blood Basics Two types of blood vessels carry blood ...

  19. Blood Facts and Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... About Blood > Blood Facts and Statistics Printable Version Blood Facts and Statistics Facts about blood needs Facts ... about American Red Cross Blood Services Facts about blood needs Every two seconds someone in the U.S. ...

  20. SRS baseline hydrogeologic investigation: Summary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bledsoe, H.W.; Aadland, R.K. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Sargent, K.A. [Furman Univ., Greenville, SC (United States). Dept. of Geology

    1990-11-01

    Work on the Savannah River Site (SRS) Baseline Hydrogeologic Investigation began in 1983 when it was determined that the knowledge of the plant hydrogeologic systems needed to be expanded and improved in response to changing stratigraphic and hydrostratigraphic terminology and increased involvement by regulatory agencies (Bledsoe, 1984). Additionally, site-wide data were needed to determine flow paths, gradients, and velocities associated with the different aquifers underlying the plant site. The program was divided into three phases in order to allow the results of one phase to be evaluated and necessary changes and improvements incorporated into the following phases. This report summarizes the results of all three phases and includes modified graphic logs, lithologic descriptions of the different geologic formations, profiles of each cluster site, hydrostratigraphic cross sections, hydrographs of selected wells within each cluster for the first full year of uninterrupted water level measurements, potentiometric maps developed from data collected from all clusters, completion diagrams for each well, and a summary of laboratory tests. Additionally, the proposed new classification of hydrostratigraphic units at SRS (Aadland and Bledsoe, 1990) has been incorporated.

  1. Camera Trajectory fromWide Baseline Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havlena, M.; Torii, A.; Pajdla, T.

    2008-09-01

    Camera trajectory estimation, which is closely related to the structure from motion computation, is one of the fundamental tasks in computer vision. Reliable camera trajectory estimation plays an important role in 3D reconstruction, self localization, and object recognition. There are essential issues for a reliable camera trajectory estimation, for instance, choice of the camera and its geometric projection model, camera calibration, image feature detection and description, and robust 3D structure computation. Most of approaches rely on classical perspective cameras because of the simplicity of their projection models and ease of their calibration. However, classical perspective cameras offer only a limited field of view, and thus occlusions and sharp camera turns may cause that consecutive frames look completely different when the baseline becomes longer. This makes the image feature matching very difficult (or impossible) and the camera trajectory estimation fails under such conditions. These problems can be avoided if omnidirectional cameras, e.g. a fish-eye lens convertor, are used. The hardware which we are using in practice is a combination of Nikon FC-E9 mounted via a mechanical adaptor onto a Kyocera Finecam M410R digital camera. Nikon FC-E9 is a megapixel omnidirectional addon convertor with 180° view angle which provides images of photographic quality. Kyocera Finecam M410R delivers 2272×1704 images at 3 frames per second. The resulting combination yields a circular view of diameter 1600 pixels in the image. Since consecutive frames of the omnidirectional camera often share a common region in 3D space, the image feature matching is often feasible. On the other hand, the calibration of these cameras is non-trivial and is crucial for the accuracy of the resulting 3D reconstruction. We calibrate omnidirectional cameras off-line using the state-of-the-art technique and Mičušík's two-parameter model, that links the radius of the image point r to the

  2. Space Station-Baseline Configuration With Callouts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    In response to President Reagan's directive to NASA to develop a permanent marned Space Station within a decade, part of the State of the Union message to Congress on January 25, 1984, NASA and the Administration adopted a phased approach to Station development. This approach provided an initial capability at reduced costs, to be followed by an enhanced Space Station capability in the future. This illustration depicts the baseline configuration, which features a 110-meter-long horizontal boom with four pressurized modules attached in the middle. Located at each end are four photovoltaic arrays generating a total of 75-kW of power. Two attachment points for external payloads are provided along this boom. The four pressurized modules include the following: A laboratory and habitation module provided by the United States; two additional laboratories, one each provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) and Japan; and an ESA-provided Man-Tended Free Flyer, a pressurized module capable of operations both attached to and separate from the Space Station core. Canada was expected to provide the first increment of a Mobile Serving System.

  3. The LOFAR long baseline snapshot calibrator survey

    CERN Document Server

    Moldón, J; Wucknitz, O; Jackson, N; Drabent, A; Carozzi, T; Conway, J; Kapińska, A D; McKean, P; Morabito, L; Varenius, E; Zarka, P; Anderson, J; Asgekar, A; Avruch, I M; Bell, M E; Bentum, M J; Bernardi, G; Best, P; Bîrzan, L; Bregman, J; Breitling, F; Broderick, J W; Brüggen, M; Butcher, H R; Carbone, D; Ciardi, B; de Gasperin, F; de Geus, E; Duscha, S; Eislöffel, J; Engels, D; Falcke, H; Fallows, R A; Fender, R; Ferrari, C; Frieswijk, W; Garrett, M A; Grießmeier, J; Gunst, A W; Hamaker, J P; Hassall, T E; Heald, G; Hoeft, M; Juette, E; Karastergiou, A; Kondratiev, V I; Kramer, M; Kuniyoshi, M; Kuper, G; Maat, P; Mann, G; Markoff, S; McFadden, R; McKay-Bukowski, D; Morganti, R; Munk, H; Norden, M J; Offringa, A R; Orru, E; Paas, H; Pandey-Pommier, M; Pizzo, R; Polatidis, A G; Reich, W; Röttgering, H; Rowlinson, A; Scaife, A M M; Schwarz, D; Sluman, J; Smirnov, O; Stappers, B W; Steinmetz, M; Tagger, M; Tang, Y; Tasse, C; Thoudam, S; Toribio, M C; Vermeulen, R; Vocks, C; van Weeren, R J; White, S; Wise, M W; Yatawatta, S; Zensus, A

    2014-01-01

    Aims. An efficient means of locating calibrator sources for International LOFAR is developed and used to determine the average density of usable calibrator sources on the sky for subarcsecond observations at 140 MHz. Methods. We used the multi-beaming capability of LOFAR to conduct a fast and computationally inexpensive survey with the full International LOFAR array. Sources were pre-selected on the basis of 325 MHz arcminute-scale flux density using existing catalogues. By observing 30 different sources in each of the 12 sets of pointings per hour, we were able to inspect 630 sources in two hours to determine if they possess a sufficiently bright compact component to be usable as LOFAR delay calibrators. Results. Over 40% of the observed sources are detected on multiple baselines between international stations and 86 are classified as satisfactory calibrators. We show that a flat low-frequency spectrum (from 74 to 325 MHz) is the best predictor of compactness at 140 MHz. We extrapolate from our sample to sho...

  4. Lorentz symmetry and Very Long Baseline Interferometry

    CERN Document Server

    Poncin-Lafitte, C Le; lambert, S

    2016-01-01

    Lorentz symmetry violations can be described by an effective field theory framework that contains both General Relativity and the Standard Model of particle physics called the Standard-Model extension (SME). Recently, post-fit analysis of Gravity Probe B and binary pulsars lead to an upper limit at the $10^{-4}$ level on the time-time coefficient $\\bar s^{TT}$ of the pure-gravity sector of the minimal SME. In this work, we derive the observable of Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) in SME and then we implement it into a real data analysis code of geodetic VLBI observations. Analyzing all available observations recorded since 1979, we compare estimates of $\\bar s^{TT}$ and errors obtained with various analysis schemes, including global estimations over several time spans and with various Sun elongation cut-off angles, and with analysis of radio source coordinate time series. We obtain a constraint on $\\bar s^{TT}=(-5\\pm 8)\\times 10^{-5}$, directly fitted to the observations and improving by a factor 5 pr...

  5. Arc melter demonstration baseline test results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soelberg, N.R.; Chambers, A.G.; Anderson, G.L.; Oden, L.L.; O`Connor, W.K.; Turner, P.C.

    1994-07-01

    This report describes the test results and evaluation for the Phase 1 (baseline) arc melter vitrification test series conducted for the Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration program (BWID). Phase 1 tests were conducted on surrogate mixtures of as-incinerated wastes and soil. Some buried wastes, soils, and stored wastes at the INEL and other DOE sites, are contaminated with transuranic (TRU) radionuclides and hazardous organics and metals. The high temperature environment in an electric arc furnace may be used to process these wastes to produce materials suitable for final disposal. An electric arc furnace system can treat heterogeneous wastes and contaminated soils by (a) dissolving and retaining TRU elements and selected toxic metals as oxides in the slag phase, (b) destroying organic materials by dissociation, pyrolyzation, and combustion, and (c) capturing separated volatilized metals in the offgas system for further treatment. Structural metals in the waste may be melted and tapped separately for recycle or disposal, or these metals may be oxidized and dissolved into the slag. The molten slag, after cooling, will provide a glass/ceramic final waste form that is homogeneous, highly nonleachable, and extremely durable. These features make this waste form suitable for immobilization of TRU radionuclides and toxic metals for geologic timeframes. Further, the volume of contaminated wastes and soils will be substantially reduced in the process.

  6. Beyond Baselines: Rethinking Priorities for Ocean Conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janna M. Shackeroff

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1995, Daniel Pauly identified a "shifting baselines syndrome" (SBS. Pauly was concerned that scientists measure ecosystem change against their personal recollections of the past and, based on this decidedly short-term view, mismanage fish stocks because they tolerate gradual and incremental elimination of species and set inappropriate recovery goals. As a concept, SBS is simple to grasp and its logic is compelling. Much current work in marine historical ecology is rationalized in part as a means of combating SBS, and the term has also resonated outside of the academy with environmental advocacy groups. Although we recognize both conceptual and operational merit in SBS, we believe that the ultimate impact of SBS on ocean management will be limited by some underlying and interrelated problematic assumptions about ecology and human–environment relations, and the prescriptions that these assumptions support. In this paper, we trace both assumptions and prescriptions through key works in the SBS literature and interrogate them via ecological and social science theory and research. We argue that an expanded discussion of SBS is needed, one that engages a broader range of social scientists, ecologists, and resource users, and that explicitly recognizes the value judgments inherent in deciding both what past ecosystems looked like and whether or not and how we might reconstruct them.

  7. Arc melter demonstration baseline test results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the test results and evaluation for the Phase 1 (baseline) arc melter vitrification test series conducted for the Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration program (BWID). Phase 1 tests were conducted on surrogate mixtures of as-incinerated wastes and soil. Some buried wastes, soils, and stored wastes at the INEL and other DOE sites, are contaminated with transuranic (TRU) radionuclides and hazardous organics and metals. The high temperature environment in an electric arc furnace may be used to process these wastes to produce materials suitable for final disposal. An electric arc furnace system can treat heterogeneous wastes and contaminated soils by (a) dissolving and retaining TRU elements and selected toxic metals as oxides in the slag phase, (b) destroying organic materials by dissociation, pyrolyzation, and combustion, and (c) capturing separated volatilized metals in the offgas system for further treatment. Structural metals in the waste may be melted and tapped separately for recycle or disposal, or these metals may be oxidized and dissolved into the slag. The molten slag, after cooling, will provide a glass/ceramic final waste form that is homogeneous, highly nonleachable, and extremely durable. These features make this waste form suitable for immobilization of TRU radionuclides and toxic metals for geologic timeframes. Further, the volume of contaminated wastes and soils will be substantially reduced in the process

  8. 植物挥发油及活性成分与富马酸钠共同添加对湖羊血液生化和抗氧化指标的影响%Effects of essential oil and their active component combinations along with fumarate on blood biochemical index and anti-oxidative status in Hu sheep

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林波; 梁权; 纪苗苗; 刘建新

    2011-01-01

    用装有瘤胃瘘管的4头湖羊探讨植物挥发油及其活性成分和富马酸钠添加对湖羊血液生化和抗氧化指标的影响。采用4×4拉丁方设计,设4个处理,处理1饲喂基础日粮,处理2添加1g混合挥发油(牛至油、肉桂油、丁香油和柠檬油按等比例组成)与25g富马酸一钠,处理3添加0.5g混合挥发油活性成分(香芹酚、肉桂醛、丁香酚和柠檬醛等比例混合)与25g富马酸一钠,处理4添加1g混合挥发油活性成分与25g富马酸一钠。每期包括10d预试和8d正试验。结果发现,添加混合挥发油组和高量活性成分(1g/d)组显著提高了血清白蛋白含量,降低了白球蛋白比(P〈0.05),但对其他指标影响不显著;而低量活性成分(0.5g/d)组则显著降低了球蛋白、碱性磷酸酶、谷草转氨酶、肌酐和胆固醇的含量(P〈0.05)。高量和低量活性成分组相比对照组均显著降低了谷胱苷肽过氧化物酶、超氧化物歧化酶活性和总抗氧化能力(P〈0.05),但低量活性成分组降低了丙二醛含量,而混合挥发油组则与对照组无显著差异。结果表明,添加1g/d挥发油或活性成分降低了白球蛋白比,而有提高球蛋白含量的趋势,1g/d活性成分还有提高碱性磷酸酶和谷丙转氨酶活性的趋势,可能对湖羊肝脏有一定的影响;而0.5g/d活性成分降低了球蛋白、碱性磷酸酶、谷草转氨酶等指标,可能有利于肝脏功能;添加挥发油不影响肾脏功能、机体脂肪和蛋白代谢,即添加挥发油对湖羊抗氧化能力影响有限,0.5g/d挥发油活性成分添加并未影响湖羊机体健康。%Four rumen fistulated Hu sheep were used to investigate the anti-oxidative status and blood biochemical parameters influenced by addition of mixture of essential oils and their active components along with fumarate.A 4×4 Latin Square design involved four treatments: control(C) was basal diet with 25 g

  9. Effects of different dietary carbohydrate levels on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of juvenile GIFT tilapia(Oreochromis niloticus)%饲料碳水化合物水平对吉富罗非鱼幼鱼生长性能和血液主要生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴凡; 文华; 蒋明; 刘伟; 刘波; 田娟; 杨长庚

    2012-01-01

    【Objective】 This study investigated the influences of different dietary carbohydrate(CBH) levels on growth performance,body composition and blood biochemical parameters of juvenile GIFT tilapia(Oreochromis niloticus),to detect the suitable addition amount of CBH to the diet of GIFT tilapia.【Method】 5 iso-lipidic(7.0% crude lipid) diet groups were formulated with different CBH mass fractions:20%,27%,34%,41%,and 48%,respectively.Each diet was randomly fed to triplicate groups of 30 juvenile GIFT tilapia with average weights of(4.77±0.52) g for 10 weeks.【Result】 The weight gain rates(WGR) and specific growth rates(SGR) of the diet group with 41% CBH were significant higher than those of the other four groups(P0.05).The feed conversion rates(FCR) of the diet group with 27% CBH were the lowest in the all groups.The hepatopancreas somatic indexes(HSI) and viscerosomatic indexes(VSI) of test fishes increased significantly as the increase of dietary CBH levels.Protein efficiency ratios(PER) and protein productive values(PPV) of the diet group with 41% CBH were significant higher than those of groups with 20%,27% and 34% CBH(P0.05).Crude protein contents in whole-body and liver of fishes decreased as the increase of dietary CBH levels,while body and liver lipid contents showed converse trends.The contents of serum cholesterol(CHO) and triglyceride(TG) and the activities of aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and alanine aminotransferase(ALT) of the fishes fed with 48% CBH diet were significant higher than other treatments.【Conclusion】 The results indicated that dietary CBH could reduce the protein dosage for juvenile GIFT tilapia and the suggested optimal dietary CBH level was 41%.However,exorbitant dietary CBH intake(such as 48%) might result in liver fat accumulation,functional disorder and hyperlipemia.%【目的】研究不同碳水化合物(CBH)水平对吉富罗非鱼幼鱼生长性能、体成分和血液生化指标的影响,以确定其适宜添

  10. 大豆肽和乳酸菌素对蛋鸡生产性能、蛋品质及血液生化指标的影响%Effects of Soybean Peptides and Lactobacillin on Performance, Egg Quality and Blood Biochemical Parameters of Laying Hens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙汝江; 吕月琴; 张日俊

    2012-01-01

    This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary soybean peptides (SBP) and Lactobacillin on performance, egg quality and blood biochemical parameter of laying hens. A total of 576 Lo-man laying hens at the "age of 336 days were randomly allotted into 8 groups with 3 replicates per group and 24 hens per replicate. Hens in control group were fed a basal diet and hens in other groups were fed the basal diet supplemented with 0. 075% , 0.15% , 0. 3% SBP, 0. 1% , 0. 2% , 0. 4% Lactobacillin and 0. 15% SBP + 0.2% Lactobacillin, respectively. The adjustment period lasted for 1 week, and the experimental period lasted for 4 weeks. The results showed as follows: 1) adding 0. 15% SBP or 0. 2% Lactobacillin significantly increased laying rate (P >0. 05). 2) Adding 0.15% SBP or 0. 2% Lactobacillin significantly increased the activity of glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (P 0. 05). In conclusion, adding 0.15% SBP or 0. 2% Lactobacillin can improve performance, egg quality and protein metabolism. The effects of adding 0. 15% SBP +0.2% Lactobacillin are better than that of adding SBP or Lactobacillin alone.%本试验旨在研究大豆肽和乳酸菌素对蛋鸡生产性能、蛋品质及血液生化指标的影响.选取336日龄健康罗曼商品蛋鸡576只,随机分成8组,每组3个重复,每个重复24只鸡.对照组饲喂基础饲粮,试验组分别饲喂在基础饲粮中添加0.075%、0.15%、0.3%大豆肽和0.1%、0.2%、0.4%乳酸菌素及0.15%大豆肽+0.2%乳酸菌素的试验饲粮.预试期1周,正试期4周.结果表明:1)饲粮中添加0.15%大豆肽或0.2%乳酸菌素均可显著提高蛋鸡产蛋率(P<0.01),降低料蛋比(P<0.05),显著提高哈夫单位(P<0.05),对平均日采食量、蛋壳厚度、蛋壳强度无显著影响(P>0.05).2)饲粮中添加0.15%大豆肽或0.2%乳酸菌素可以极显著或显著提高血浆谷草转氨酶(GOT) (P <0.01,P<0.05)、谷丙转氨酶(GPT)活性(P<0.01),

  11. Transient amplification limits noise suppression in biochemical networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, John; Lindemann, Anika; McCoy, Jonathan H.

    2016-01-01

    Cell physiology is orchestrated, on a molecular level, through complex networks of biochemical reactions. The propagation of random fluctuations through these networks can significantly impact cell behavior, raising challenging questions about how network design shapes the cell's ability to suppress or exploit these fluctuations. Here, drawing on insights from statistical physics, fluid dynamics, and systems biology, we explore how transient amplification phenomena arising from network connectivity naturally limit a biochemical system's ability to suppress small fluctuations around steady-state behaviors. We find that even a simple system consisting of two variables linked by a single interaction is capable of amplifying small fluctuations orders of magnitude beyond the levels predicted by linear stability theory. We also find that adding additional interactions can promote further amplification, even when these interactions implement classic design strategies known to suppress fluctuations. These results establish that transient amplification is an essential factor determining baseline noise levels in stable intracellular networks. Significantly, our analysis is not bound to specific systems or interaction mechanisms: we find that noise amplification is an emergent phenomenon found near steady states in any network containing sufficiently strong interactions, regardless of its form or function.

  12. Biochemical bases of mineral waters genesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. D. Zhernosekov

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available This work directs data about mineral water genesis. The accent on balneological sense is done. We suggest the criteria of biochemical processes estimation which take part in mineral water compounds creation. These criteria can be used for illustration of dependence between waters medical properties and biochemical processes of their genesis.

  13. THE EVOLUTION OF SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN THE HONEYBEES’ HAEMOLYMPH (A. M. CARPATHICA) COLLECTED IN THE INACTIVE SEASON

    OpenAIRE

    AGRIPINA SAPCALIU; I. RADOI; D. CONDUR; A. SICEANU; ELIZA CAUIA; CRENGUTA PAVEL

    2013-01-01

    The biochemical analyses of the blood are largely used for the routine diagnosis and especially for the metabolic survey in farm animals. These facts conduct us to the idea that similar analyses, applied on honeybee hemolymph, could be used IN monitoring the healthy state of honeybee colonies. The present studies represent preliminary researches, which aimed to investigate the variability of the main biochemical parameters in the hemolymph of the healthy honeybees (Apis mellifera) in inactive...

  14. THE REFERENCE VALUES OF THE MAIN BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF THE HEMOLYMPH OF APIS MELLIFERA CARPATHICA IN SOUTH-EASTERN ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    AGRIPINA SAPCALIU; ELIZA CAUIA; ION GURESOAIE; DAN CONDUR; ION RADOI

    2013-01-01

    Although biochemical analyses of the blood were and are still used for the routinediagnosis and especially for the metabolic survey in farm animals, such analyses, maybe applied for the honeybee hemolymph (as a paraclinic examination). The aim of thisexperimental study was to investigate and to determine the reference values of themain biochemical parameters in the hemolymph of the healthy honeybees of Apismellifera carpathica. The honeybee samples were collected in order to analyze thehealth...

  15. Comparison of seasonal effects on some hematological and biochemical parameters between ewes with subclinical mastitis and healthy ewes

    OpenAIRE

    R.N. Sani; M. Moezifar

    2016-01-01

    This study was conducted to compare the effects of season on some hematological and biochemical parameters in ewes with subclinical mastitis and healthy ewes. A total of 1192 milk and blood samples were collected from ewes between February and April (791 samples in spring), August and October (401 samples in summer). California Mastitis Test (CMT), milk culture, hematologic and serum biochemical parameters were obtained from the medical records. Samples which were positive by bacterial cultur...

  16. The LBNO long-baseline oscillation sensitivities with two conventional neutrino beams at different baselines

    CERN Document Server

    :,; Agostino, L; Aittola, M; Alekou, A; Andrieu, B; Antoniou, F; Asfandiyarov, R; Autiero, D; Bésida, O; Balik, A; Ballett, P; Bandac, I; Banerjee, D; Bartmann, W; Bay, F; Biskup, B; Blebea-Apostu, A M; Blondel, A; Bogomilov, M; Bolognesi, S; Borriello, E; Brancus, I; Bravar, A; Buizza-Avanzini, M; Caiulo, D; Calin, M; Calviani, M; Campanelli, M; Cantini, C; Cata-Danil, G; Chakraborty, S; Charitonidis, N; Chaussard, L; Chesneanu, D; Chipesiu, F; Crivelli, P; Dawson, J; De Bonis, I; Declais, Y; Sanchez, P Del Amo; Delbart, A; Di Luise, S; Duchesneau, D; Dumarchez, J; Efthymiopoulos, I; Eliseev, A; Emery, S; Enqvist, T; Enqvist, K; Epprecht, L; Erykalov, A N; Esanu, T; Franco, D; Friend, M; Galymov, V; Gavrilov, G; Gendotti, A; Giganti, C; Gilardoni, S; Goddard, B; Gomoiu, C M; Gornushkin, Y A; Gorodetzky, P; Haesler, A; Hasegawa, T; Horikawa, S; Huitu, K; Izmaylov, A; Jipa, A; Kainulainen, K; Karadzhov, Y; Khabibullin, M; Khotjantsev, A; Kopylov, A N; Korzenev, A; Kosyanenko, S; Kryn, D; Kudenko, Y; Kuusiniemi, P; Lazanu, I; Lazaridis, C; Levy, J -M; Loo, K; Maalampi, J; Margineanu, R M; Marteau, J; Martin-Mari, C; Matveev, V; Mazzucato, E; Mefodiev, A; Mineev, O; Mirizzi, A; Mitrica, B; Murphy, S; Nakadaira, T; Narita, S; Nesterenko, D A; Nguyen, K; Nikolics, K; Noah, E; Novikov, Yu; Oprima, A; Osborne, J; Ovsyannikova, T; Papaphilippou, Y; Pascoli, S; Patzak, T; Pectu, M; Pennacchio, E; Periale, L; Pessard, H; Popov, B; Ravonel, M; Rayner, M; Resnati, F; Ristea, O; Robert, A; Rubbia, A; Rummukainen, K; Saftoiu, A; Sakashita, K; Sanchez-Galan, F; Sarkamo, J; Saviano, N; Scantamburlo, E; Sergiampietri, F; Sgalaberna, D; Shaposhnikova, E; Slupecki, M; Smargianaki, D; Stanca, D; Steerenberg, R; Sterian, A R; Sterian, P; Stoica, S; Strabel, C; Suhonen, J; Suvorov, V; Toma, G; Tonazzo, A; Trzaska, W H; Tsenov, R; Tuominen, K; Valram, M; Vankova-Kirilova, G; Vannucci, F; Vasseur, G; Velotti, F; Velten, P; Venturi, V; Viant, T; Vihonen, S; Vincke, H; Vorobyev, A; Weber, A; Wu, S; Yershov, N; Zambelli, L; Zito, M

    2014-01-01

    The proposed Long Baseline Neutrino Observatory (LBNO) initially consists of $\\sim 20$ kton liquid double phase TPC complemented by a magnetised iron calorimeter, to be installed at the Pyh\\"asalmi mine, at a distance of 2300 km from CERN. The conventional neutrino beam is produced by 400 GeV protons accelerated at the SPS accelerator delivering 700 kW of power. The long baseline provides a unique opportunity to study neutrino flavour oscillations over their 1st and 2nd oscillation maxima exploring the $L/E$ behaviour, and distinguishing effects arising from $\\delta_{CP}$ and matter. In this paper we show how this comprehensive physics case can be further enhanced and complemented if a neutrino beam produced at the Protvino IHEP accelerator complex, at a distance of 1160 km, and with modest power of 450 kW is aimed towards the same far detectors. We show that the coupling of two independent sub-MW conventional neutrino and antineutrino beams at different baselines from CERN and Protvino will allow to measure ...

  17. Numerical Simulation of the Coagulation Dynamics of Blood

    OpenAIRE

    Bodnár, T.; Sequeira, A.

    2008-01-01

    The process of platelet activation and blood coagulation is quite complex and not yet completely understood. Recently, a phenomenological meaningful model of blood coagulation and clot formation in flowing blood that extends existing models to integrate biochemical, physiological and rheological factors, has been developed. The aim of this paper is to present results from a computational study of a simplified version of this coupled fluid-biochemistry model. A generalized Newtonian model with...

  18. Managing your blood sugar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyperglycemia - control; Hypoglycemia - control; Diabetes - blood sugar control; Blood glucose - managing ... Know how to: Recognize and treat low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) Recognize and treat high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) ...

  19. Systems biology of stored blood cells: Can it help to extend the expiration date?

    OpenAIRE

    Paglia, Giuseppe; Bernhard Ø Palsson; Sigurjonsson, Olafur E.

    2012-01-01

    With increasingly stringent regulations regarding deferral and elimination of blood donors it will become increasingly important to extend the expiration date of blood components beyond the current allowed storage periods. One reason for the storage time limit for blood components is that platelets and red blood cells develop a condition called storage lesions during their storage in plastic blood containers. Systems biology provides comprehensive bio-chemical descriptions of organisms throug...

  20. Effects Of Music Therapy On Clinical And Biochemical Parameters Of Metabolic Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajnee

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Music therapy is a new approach being used for the management of metabolic abnormalities and stress related illness.Objective: To study the effect of Music therapy on various clinical and biochemical parameters of Metabolic Syndrome.Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out on 100 patients of metabolic syndrome selected randomly. These patients were divided into two equal groups after age, sex adjustment. In control group (group I 50 patients underwent the conventional treatment. 50 patients in study group were treated with supervised music protocol along with conventional treatment. The Body Mass Index, ;Waist-Hip ratio, Blood pressure, Fasting blood sugar were monitored weekly while HbA1c and lipid profile were determined at the baseline and after three months of exposure to music therapy. Statistical analysis was performed by employing student t- test.Results: In the study group there was a significant decrease in BMI (27.18±5.02 to 25.44±3.49 kg/m2, p<0.05, waist hip ratio (0.95±0.05 to 0.93±0.05 cm, p<0.05, Fasting blood sugar (196.00±47.80mg/ dl to152.00±16.19mg/dl , p<0.001, HbA1c (8.41±1.31% to 7.08±0.78 % p<0.001, Systolic Blood Pressure (151.00±12.10 to 136±9.04 mmHg p<0.001, Diastolic Blood Pressure (94±4.80 to 86.44±3.16 mmHg, p<0.01, Mean serum cholesterol (257.80±18.92 to 229.12±17.82mg/dl, p<0.001 and triglycerides (180.86±14.04 to 136.50±8.92mg/dl, p<0.001, LDL (167.97±14.40 to 140.20±15.41mg/dl, p<0.001, and VLDL (33.60±2.88 to 28.04±3.08mg/dl, p<0.001 and increase in HDL (33.32±3.38 to 39.71±3.41mg/dl, p<0.001, when compared with those of control group not receiving the music therapy along with the conventional treatment.Conclusion: The promising outcomes of Music therapy showed that it may be considered as a useful adjunct to conventional treatment in management of the metabolic syndrome. This study advocates music therapy to establish it from a general well being concepts to a

  1. Hyperhomocysteinemia decreases bone blood flow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neetu T

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Neetu Tyagi*, Thomas P Vacek*, John T Fleming, Jonathan C Vacek, Suresh C TyagiDepartment of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA *These authors have equal authorshipAbstract: Elevated plasma levels of homocysteine (Hcy, known as hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy, are associated with osteoporosis. A decrease in bone blood flow is a potential cause of compromised bone mechanical properties. Therefore, we hypothesized that HHcy decreases bone blood flow and biomechanical properties. To test this hypothesis, male Sprague–Dawley rats were treated with Hcy (0.67 g/L in drinking water for 8 weeks. Age-matched rats served as controls. At the end of the treatment period, the rats were anesthetized. Blood samples were collected from experimental or control rats. Biochemical turnover markers (body weight, Hcy, vitamin B12, and folate were measured. Systolic blood pressure was measured from the right carotid artery. Tibia blood flow was measured by laser Doppler flow probe. The results indicated that Hcy levels were significantly higher in the Hcy-treated group than in control rats, whereas vitamin B12 levels were lower in the Hcy-treated group compared with control rats. There was no significant difference in folate concentration and blood pressure in Hcy-treated versus control rats. The tibial blood flow index of the control group was significantly higher (0.78 ± 0.09 flow unit compared with the Hcy-treated group (0.51 ± 0.09. The tibial mass was 1.1 ± 0.1 g in the control group and 0.9 ± 0.1 in the Hcy-treated group. The tibia bone density was unchanged in Hcy-treated rats. These results suggest that Hcy causes a reduction in bone blood flow, which contributes to compromised bone biomechanical properties.Keywords: homocysteine, tibia, bone density

  2. Evaluation of nutritional and biochemical parameters in spontaneously hypertensive rats following antihypertensive treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Suliburska

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. One side effect of antihypertensive drugs is their impact on nutritional status and metabolism. The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional and biochemical parameters in spontaneously hypertensive rats following treatment with antihypertensive drugs. Material and methods. The experiment was performed on 50 male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR, which were assigned to fi ve groups: control (C, with perindopril (PR, with metoprolol (MT, with indapamide (ID, and with amlodipine (AM. All rats were provided ad libitum standard diet (with or without drugs and distilled water. After 45 days, the animals were weighed and killed. Liver, kidney, heart, spleen, pancreas, and blood samples were collected. Concentrations of glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, and albumin were assayed in serum. Morphology parameters, such as white blood cell, red blood cell, hematocrit, and lymphocyte counts were measured in the blood. Blood pressure was measured using a tail-cuff plethysmograph. Results. The results obtained indicate that the hypotensive drugs under investigation had no effect on the selected nutritional parameters. Perindopril signifi cantly decreased the relative mass of the heart and amlodipine markedly decreased the relative mass of the pancreas. A markedly higher concentration of glucose in the group with indapamid, and a signifi cantly lower concentration of triglycerides in the group with metoprolol, were observed. Indapamide and amlodipine markedly increased the value of red blood cells and hematocrit in the blood of SHR. Conclusions. Long-term therapy with antihypertension drugs may infl uence tissue mass and biochemical and morphological status in the body.

  3. Time course for the recovery of physical performance, blood hemoglobin, and ferritin content after blood donation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ziegler, Andreas K; Grand, Johannes; Stangerup, Ida;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: It is widely accepted that blood donation negatively affects endurance performance, but data on physical recovery after a standard blood donation are scarce. This study aimed to elucidate the temporary impact of blood donation on endurance performance, measured as peak oxygen uptake (VO......2peak ) and time trial (TT) performance. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: VO2peak , TT performance, blood, iron, and anthropometric variables were determined before (baseline) and 3, 7, 14, and 28 days after blood donation in 19 healthy men. RESULTS: VO2peak was reduced by 6.5% from 49.7 ± 2 mL/kg/min at...... baseline to 46.3 ± 2 mL/kg/min on Day 3 (p < 0.001), and TT performance was reduced by 5.2% from 13:31 ± 00:42 to 14:13 ± 00:50 min:sec (p < 0.001). Both VO2peak and TT performance were back to baseline 14 days after blood donation. Blood hemoglobin (Hb) concentration declined 7.9% from 9.3 ± 0.11 mmol...

  4. 不同代谢蛋白质水平饲粮对8~10月龄后备奶牛生长发育、血液生化指标和体况评分的影响%Effects of Different Dietary Metabolizable Protein Levels on Growth and Development, Blood Biochemical Indices and Body Condition Scores of 8 to 10-Month-Old Heifers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛汝方; 陈青; 霍永久; 朱建民; 王梦芝; 喻礼怀; 王洪荣

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different dietary metabolizable protein ( MP) levels on growth and development, blood biochemical indices and body condition score ( BCS ) of 8 to 10-month-old heifers. Twenty four Chinese Holstein heifers were randomly divided into four groups with six heads per group, and were fed four different diets in which MP level was 9.03%, 9.55%, 10.09% and 10.57%, re-spectively, accordingly, IDCP level was 6.87%, 8.13%, 9.40% and 10.65%, respectively. The pre-experi-mental period was 15 days, and the experimental period was 60 days. The results showed as follows: 1) MP and IDCP satisfied the equation of MP=6.234+0.408×IDCP (R2=0.999, P0.05) . 4) The BCS of all heifers in different groups was between 3.57 and 3.90 without significant difference (P>0.05), and the body was well developed. As growth and development, blood biochemical indices and BCS are considered, it is concluded that 10.09% MP level in diet can meet the needs of 8 to 10-month-old Chi-nese Holstein heifers gaining 1.09 kg/d in the present experimental condition.%本试验旨在研究不同代谢蛋白质( MP)水平饲粮对8~10月龄后备奶牛生长发育、血液生化指标以及体况评分的影响。选取健康的8月龄中国荷斯坦后备奶牛24头,随机分为4组,每组6头,饲喂MP水平分别为9.03%、9.55%、10.09%和10.57%的4种饲粮[对应的小肠可消化粗蛋白质( IDCP)水平分别为6.87%、8.13%、9.40%和10.65%]。预试期15 d,正试期60 d。结果表明:1)MP和IDCP满足线性回归方程MP=6.234+0.408×IDCP(R2=0.999,P0.05)。4)各组试验牛体况评分在3.57~3.90之间,各组之间差异不显著( P>0.05),体况发育良好。综合生长发育、血液生化指标和体况评分等各方面的因素,在本试验条件下,饲粮MP水平为10.09%时,可满足8~10月龄中国荷斯坦后备奶牛ADG为1.09 kg/d的生长需要。

  5. 饲粮蛋白脂肪比对圆斑星鲽(Verasper variegates)生长、消化酶及血清生化指标的影响%The Effects of the Ratio of Dietary Protein to Lipid on the Growth, Digestive Enzyme Activities and Blood Biochemical Parameters in Spotted Halibut,Verasper variegates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕云云; 陈四清; 于朝磊; 常青; 秦搏; 王志军

    2015-01-01

    Spotted halibut,Verasper variegates has been a target model in the studies of reproductive biology and molecular biology. However, litter is known about the dietary requirements of this species. In this study, we determined the optimal ratio of protein to lipid for this fish and analyzed the combined effects on the growth,digestive enzyme activities and blood biochemical parameters inspotted halibut. Fish meal and casein were used as protein sources, and soybean oil and fish oil served as lipid sources. Nine experimental diets were formulated as combinations of three levels of crude proteins (40%, 45%, and 50%) and three levels of crude lipid (8%, 12%, and 16%), namely P40L8, P40L12, P40L16, P45L8, P45L12, P45L16, P50L8, P50L12 and P50L16. They were randomly distributed into 27 cement ponds (2 m×1 m×1 m) with 20 fish/pond for 83 d in an in-door flow-through aquarium system. The results showed that the survival rate of fish was not significantly affected by the levels of protein and lipid (P>0.05). The weight gain, specific growth rate and feed intake were significantly reduced along with the increase in the dietary lipid (P<0.05). Compared to P40L16, the weight gain in P50L8 was 33.63% higher and the specific growth rate was 31% higher. The feed efficiency was significantly boosted along with the increase in the dietary protein (P<0.05). The feed efficiency in P50L8 was 24.09% higher than P40L8, and the weight gain, specific growth rate, feed intake and feed efficiency in P50L8 were significantly higher than those in other groups. The activity of stomach protease was first increased and then decreased along with the increase in dietary protein. The protease activity in the hepatopancreas in P50L8 group was significantly higher than that in P50L12 group (P<0.05), but showed no significant differences with other groups (P>0.05). The activity of the stomach lipase was first decreased and then increased along with the increase in the dietary protein. The

  6. The Effects of the Ratio of Dietary Protein to Lipid on the Growth, Digestive Enzyme Activities and Blood Biochemical Parameters in Spotted Halibut,Verasper variegates%饲粮蛋白脂肪比对圆斑星鲽(Verasper variegates)生长、消化酶及血清生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕云云; 陈四清; 于朝磊; 常青; 秦搏; 王志军

    2015-01-01

    Spotted halibut,Verasper variegates has been a target model in the studies of reproductive biology and molecular biology. However, litter is known about the dietary requirements of this species. In this study, we determined the optimal ratio of protein to lipid for this fish and analyzed the combined effects on the growth,digestive enzyme activities and blood biochemical parameters inspotted halibut. Fish meal and casein were used as protein sources, and soybean oil and fish oil served as lipid sources. Nine experimental diets were formulated as combinations of three levels of crude proteins (40%, 45%, and 50%) and three levels of crude lipid (8%, 12%, and 16%), namely P40L8, P40L12, P40L16, P45L8, P45L12, P45L16, P50L8, P50L12 and P50L16. They were randomly distributed into 27 cement ponds (2 m×1 m×1 m) with 20 fish/pond for 83 d in an in-door flow-through aquarium system. The results showed that the survival rate of fish was not significantly affected by the levels of protein and lipid (P>0.05). The weight gain, specific growth rate and feed intake were significantly reduced along with the increase in the dietary lipid (P<0.05). Compared to P40L16, the weight gain in P50L8 was 33.63% higher and the specific growth rate was 31% higher. The feed efficiency was significantly boosted along with the increase in the dietary protein (P<0.05). The feed efficiency in P50L8 was 24.09% higher than P40L8, and the weight gain, specific growth rate, feed intake and feed efficiency in P50L8 were significantly higher than those in other groups. The activity of stomach protease was first increased and then decreased along with the increase in dietary protein. The protease activity in the hepatopancreas in P50L8 group was significantly higher than that in P50L12 group (P<0.05), but showed no significant differences with other groups (P>0.05). The activity of the stomach lipase was first decreased and then increased along with the increase in the dietary protein. The

  7. Influence of Dietary Rapeseed Levels on Growth Performance, Rumen Fermentation Characteristics and Blood Biochemical Indices in Beef Cattle%饲粮油菜籽添加水平对肉牛生长性能、瘤胃发酵及血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰杰; 赵红波; 游伟; 成海建; 刘晓牧; 万发春; 孙国强; 宋恩亮; 刘倚帆

    2014-01-01

    .05),对照组和低菜籽组的谷草转氨酶活性显著低于中菜籽组和高菜籽组(P<0.05),中菜籽组尿素氮水平显著低于对照组(P<0.05),与其它各组差异不显著(P>0.05)。【结论】添加不同水平的油菜籽对瘤胃发酵参数无显著影响,肉牛育肥期间饲粮油菜籽添加到17.4%时日增重不受影响,饲粮中添加油菜籽可加重甲状腺和肝脏的代谢负担。%[Objective]The study was conducted to investigate the effects of different dietary rapeseed levels on growth performance, rumen fermentation characteristics and blood biochemical indices in beef cattle to provide a basis for the rational use of rapeseed during beef cattle fattening.[Method]The trial has adopted one-factor completely random design. Forty healthy crossbred Simmental bulls at (447±35.67) kg initial live weight and approximately 18-month old were randomly allocated into 4 experimental diets containing varying proportions of rapeseeds in a completely randomized design. Four treatment diets with different inclusion levels of rapeseeds were:control diet with no rapeseed added, 8.7%rapeseed (low rapeseed, LR), 17.4%rapeseed (middle rapeseed, MR), and 26%rapeseed (high rapeseed, HR), respectively. The animals were allowed 10 days to adapt to the diets and experimental measurements were taken in 90 days. Cattle were weighed at the end of the experiment and feed cost was calculated individually. Blood and ruminal content samples were collected and volatile fatty acid (VFA), ammoniacal nitrogen (NH 3-N), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4) and thyrotrophin (TSH) were estimated in the four treatments using gas chromatography, colorimetric method and radioimmunoassay. Variance analysis was conducted using the general linear model of SAS 9.2. [Result]The results showed that, no difference in liveweight before slaughtering among treatments (P>0.05) was observed, the average daily gain (ADG) in MR group was the highest (1

  8. [The study of baseline estimated in digital XRF analyzer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Min; Zhou, Jian-Bin; Fang, Fang; Shi, Ze-Ming; Zhou, Wei; Liu, Yi; Cao, Jian-Yu; Zhu, Xing

    2013-01-01

    For the digital X-ray fluorescence analyzer, the voltage of the instability baseline will directly affect the performance of the instrument, resulting in decreased energy resolution. In order to solve this problem, Kalman filtering algorithm was used for pulse signal baseline estimate in the digital X-ray fluorescence. Whether using the classic Kalman filter, or the simplified sage-husa, or the improved sage-husa, their baseline filtering effects were all poor. So, it is necessary to improve and optimize existing algorithms. The method of Double-Forgotten was put forward to establish a new model of adaptive Kalman filter algorithm based on the sage-husa. The experiment results show that a very good filtering effect was obtained using the mathematical model of the baseline filter. The algorithm solved the problem of filtering divergence, avoided slow convergence of baseline and realized the pulse baseline restoration, and improved the instrumental energy resolution. PMID:23586263

  9. A dual investigation of the effect of dietary supplementation with licorice flavonoid oil on anthropometric and biochemical markers of health and adiposity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bloomer Richard J

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Licorice flavonoid oil (LFO has been reported to minimize visceral adipose tissue gain in obese mice and to result in a decrease in body weight and body fat in humans; the effects of which may be more pronounced when administered in an overfed state. Methods We investigated the effects of LFO in two separate studies. Study 1 included a sample of overweight or grade I-II obese men and women (N = 22 who followed their usual dietary and physical activity programs. Study 2 included a sample of athletic men who followed their usual dietary and physical activity programs but consumed a daily supplemental meal (25% above daily energy requirements in an attempt to induce a state of overfeeding. In both studies, subjects were randomly assigned (double-blind to either LFO or a placebo for eight weeks, and anthropometric and multiple biochemical outcomes (e.g., markers of oxidative stress, markers of insulin sensitivity, blood lipids, etc. were obtained before and following the intervention. Results No differences of statistical significance were noted between LFO and placebo for any measured variable in Study 1 or Study 2. When investigating the percent change from baseline for data in Study 2, although not of statistical significance, subjects in the LFO condition experienced less overall fat gain, as well as attenuation in the elevation in selected blood lipids (e.g., cholesterol, LDL-C, and triglycerides. Conclusion These combined data indicate little effect of LFO supplementation within a sample of overweight/obese men and women or athletic men, with the possible exception of attenuation in body fat gain and selected components of the blood lipid panel in response to an overfeeding condition.

  10. BIOCHEMICAL STUDIES ON NIGERIAN MONODORA TENUIFOLIA SEED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekeanyanwu Raphael Chukwuma

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The nutritive constituents of the seeds of Monodora tenuifolia were analyzed to augment the available information on Monodora tenuifolia research. Blood glucose and lipid profile were investigated on the flavonoid rich fraction of M. tenuifolia in rats. The composition (gkg-1 of alkaloids, cyanogenic glycosides, tannins and flavonoids were 13.3±0.1, 21.2×10-2±0.6, 1.3±0.1, 1.7±0.1 and 11.7±1.1 respectively. The proximate composition (gkg-1 of M. tenuifolia seed were crude fibre (262.3±1.2, crude protein (82.6±1.0, crude fat (349.9±1.9, ash (49.9±0.6, moisture (190.0±0.00 and carbohydrate (65.5±4.7. Analysis of the minerals content (gkg-1 yielded calcium (864.0±29.38, sodium (2752.0±140.35, iron (3.34±0.06, zinc (5.26±0.08, potassium (326.4±13.06, magnesium (342.9±13.71 and phosphorus (9.52±0.17, while vitamin analysis yielded vitamin A (10.05±0.17 iu/100 g, C (56.40±0.14 gkg-1 and E (11.71±0.87 iu /100 g, thiamine (0.11±0.01 gkg-1, niacin (0.46±0.32 gkg-1 and riboflavin (0.04±0.01 gkg-1. The results of amino acid analysis showed the total amino acid of M. tenuifolia seed was 71.78 of crude protein. The total essential amino acid with Histidine was calculated to be 29.24 of the crude protein. The antinutrient analysis of M. tenuifolia shows it contained total phenol (0.8±0.0 gkg-1, oxalates (4.09±1.17 gkg-1, phytates (0.012±0.42 gkg-1 and trypsin inhibitor (0.230±0.42 iu/g. The main fatty acids of the seed oil are linoleic acid (401.7 g kg-1, oleic acid (346.1 g kg-1 and palmitic acid (122.61 g kg-1. The LD50 of the flavonoid-rich fraction was found to be above 5000 mg kg-1 b.w. After the day 14 study, biochemical markers such as triacylglycerol, very low density lipoprotein increased significantly (p0.05 effect was observed on the blood glucose and lipid profile of wistar albino rats compared with the control. The result shows that M. tenuifolia seed is rich

  11. Blood Transfusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to infections including those we develop from our vaccinations (such as poliovirus antibodies, which are made by ... the Transfusion Medicine Unit, Blood Bank, and Stem Cell Storage Facility University of Rochester Medical ... and health educators who are available by phone Monday through Friday, 9 am to 9 pm ( ...

  12. Absolute Baseline for Testing of Electronic Distance Meters

    OpenAIRE

    Jaroslav Braun; Filip Dvořáček; Martin Štroner

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with the construction and determination of coordinates of the absoluteEDMs baseline in a laboratory with 16 pillars with forced centring. Leica Absolute TrackerAT401 (standard deviation of distance measurement: 5 μ m, standard deviation of anglemeasurement: 0.15 mgon), which is designed for very accurate industrial measurements,was used for our purpose. Lengths between the baseline points were determined with astandard deviation of 0.02 mm. The baseline is used for determining...

  13. Effects of Gongronema latifolium on blood lipids, lipoproteins and glucose values in adult Nigerians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosemary Adamma Analike

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The study evaluates the beneficial effects or otherwise of Gongronema latifolium (utazi consumption on plasma lipid profile and blood glucose in healthy subjects. Methods: The study was conducted on twenty (20 apparently healthy subjects (10 males and 10 females, within the age range of 20-55years who were randomly recruited from Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH staff and medical students in Nnewi Campus. Twenty experimental subjects (10 males and 10 females were fed with 5g/day of fresh Gongronema latifolium leaves for six weeks. Blood samples were collected at baseline and every week for six weeks and the biochemical parameters analyzed using standard laboratory methods. Results: There were significant reductions in the levels of plasma glucose (3.85 +/- 0.14 vs. 4.92 +/- 0.31 mmol/l, cholesterol (3.60 +/- 0.43 vs. 4.56 +/- 0.67 mmol/l, triglycerides (0.73 +/- 0.19 vs. 0.96 +/- 0.20 mmol/l, Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C (1.97 +/- 0.48 vs. 2.70 +/- 0.67 mmol/l and LDL-C/High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C ratio (1.32 +/- 0.44 vs. 2.11 +/- 0.72 mmol/l of the subjects that were fed with Gongronema latifolium leaves for six weeks compared with their baseline values; all P <0.05. Conclusion: The result of this study showed that Gongronema latifolium has hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effect on healthy subjects and might be beneficial for the management of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(4.000: 891-895

  14. Blood Culture (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... KidsHealth in the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Upsetting News Reports? What to Say Vaccines: Which ... BMP) Blood Test: Complete Blood Count Basic Blood Chemistry Tests Getting a Blood Test (Video) Blood Test: ...

  15. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... For Patients Blood Disorders Blood Clots Blood Clotting & Pregnancy If you are pregnant, or you have just ... The risk of developing a blood clot during pregnancy is increased by the following: Previous blood clots ...

  16. Blood Count Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Your blood contains red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), and platelets. Blood count tests measure the number and types of cells in your blood. This helps doctors check on your overall health. ...

  17. Blood pressure measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diastolic blood pressure; Systolic blood pressure; Blood pressure reading; Measuring blood pressure ... or your health care provider will wrap the blood pressure cuff snugly around your upper arm. The ...

  18. Blood Transfusions (For Teens)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Blood Transfusions KidsHealth > For Teens > Blood Transfusions Print A ... United States get blood transfusions. A Bit About Blood As blood moves throughout the body, it carries ...

  19. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your doctor prescribes it, medicine. What Is Blood Pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood flow inside ... Will I Know if I Have High Blood Pressure? High blood pressure is a silent problem — you won't ...

  20. Blood Pressure Quiz

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page please turn Javascript on. Feature: High Blood Pressure Blood Pressure Quiz Past Issues / Fall 2011 Table of Contents ... About High Blood Pressure / Treatment: Types of Blood Pressure Medications / Blood Pressure Quiz Fall 2011 Issue: Volume 6 Number ...

  1. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... right away. continue How Do Doctors Measure Blood Pressure? Blood pressure readings are fast and painless. Blood pressure ... same age, height, and gender have lower blood pressure. Blood pressure between 90% and 95% of the normal ...

  2. A Program on Biochemical and Biomedical Engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San, Ka-Yiu; McIntire, Larry V.

    1989-01-01

    Presents an introduction to the Biochemical and Biomedical Engineering program at Rice University. Describes the development of the academic and enhancement programs, including organizational structure and research project titles. (YP)

  3. Effects of a low-fat diet with antioxidant supplementation on biochemical markers of multiple sclerosis long-term care residents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elba Mauriz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS treatment options are primarily limited to immunomodulatory therapies in MS non-progressive forms. Nutrition intervention studies suggest that diet may be considered as a complementary treatment to control disease progression. Therefore, dietary intervention may help to improve wellness and ameliorate symptoms of MS patients. Objectives: To assess the effect of a low-fat diet with antioxidant supplementation on biochemical markers of institutionalized patients with progressive forms of multiple sclerosis. Methods: A randomized prospective placebo-controlled study involving 9 participants, 5 of them assigned to the intervention group (low-fat diet and antioxidant supplementation and the other 4 to the placebo group (low-fat diet. The effect of the dietary intervention, involving diet modification and antioxidant supplementation, was examined for 42 days by measuring anthropometric, biochemical parameters and oxidative stress markers in blood at baseline (day 0, intermediate (day 15 and end (day 42 stages of the treatment. Results: The intervention group obtained C reactive protein levels significantly lower than those observed in the corresponding placebo group at the end of the study. Oxidative stress and inflammatory markers isoprostane 8-iso-PGF2α and interleukine IL-6 values also diminished after dietary intervention in the intervention group. Catalase activity increased significantly in the intervention group prior antioxidant supplementation. No significant differences were observed in other oxida-tive stress markers. Conclusions: The results suggest that diet and dietary supplements are involved in cell metabolism modulation and MS-related inflammatory processes. Consequently, low fat diets and antioxidant supplements may be used as complementary therapies for treatment of multiple sclerosis.

  4. Hematological and Biochemical Evaluation of Teucrium Polium in Albino Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaled Al-Kubaisy

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the effect of acute (24 h and subacute (3 weeks treatment of the Teucrium polium decoction on liver and kidney functions and hematological parameters in rats. The toxicity study with this decoction did not produce mortality. No marked adverse alterations were observed in hematological and biochemical parameters during acute toxicity. In the subacute toxicity studies, red blood cells counts, Hemoglobin (Hb and Packed Cell Volume (PVC insignificantly decreased. However, other blood indices, Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV, Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC were not changed. There was significant (p<0.001 increase in white blood cells. Serum glucose level change was insignificant, while the level of serum cholesterol and triglycerides were significantly (p<0.001 reduced. The Activity of Serum Transaminases (ALT and AST showed non significant changes, urea, uric acid and creatinine levels were found non significant changes. In conclusion the statistical analysis of our results indicates that treatment with T. polium did not cause any attension that might suggest the presence of pathological damage at the dose investigation.

  5. Baseline Plasma C-Reactive Protein Concentrations and Motor Prognosis in Parkinson Disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atsushi Umemura

    Full Text Available C-reactive protein (CRP, a blood inflammatory biomarker, is associated with the development of Alzheimer disease. In animal models of Parkinson disease (PD, systemic inflammatory stimuli can promote neuroinflammation and accelerate dopaminergic neurodegeneration. However, the association between long-term systemic inflammations and neurodegeneration has not been assessed in PD patients.To investigate the longitudinal effects of baseline CRP concentrations on motor prognosis in PD.Retrospective analysis of 375 patients (mean age, 69.3 years; mean PD duration, 6.6 years. Plasma concentrations of high-sensitivity CRP were measured in the absence of infections, and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Part III (UPDRS-III scores were measured at five follow-up intervals (Days 1-90, 91-270, 271-450, 451-630, and 631-900.Change of UPDRS-III scores from baseline to each of the five follow-up periods.Change in UPDRS-III scores was significantly greater in PD patients with CRP concentrations ≥0.7 mg/L than in those with CRP concentrations <0.7 mg/L, as determined by a generalized estimation equation model (P = 0.021 for the entire follow-up period and by a generalized regression model (P = 0.030 for the last follow-up interval (Days 631-900. The regression coefficients of baseline CRP for the two periods were 1.41 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.21-2.61 and 2.62 (95% CI 0.25-4.98, respectively, after adjusting for sex, age, baseline UPDRS-III score, dementia, and incremental L-dopa equivalent dose.Baseline plasma CRP levels were associated with motor deterioration and predicted motor prognosis in patients with PD. These associations were independent of sex, age, PD severity, dementia, and anti-Parkinsonian agents, suggesting that subclinical systemic inflammations could accelerate neurodegeneration in PD.

  6. Histological and Biochemical Evaluation of the Kidney following Chronic Consumption of Hibiscus sabdariffa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. U. Ukoha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Hibiscus sabdariffa L. has been used traditionally as herbal medicine and has been documented to have a broad range of therapeutic effects. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of chronic administration of aqueous extract of flowers of Hibiscus sabdariffa on the histology of the kidney and some biochemical indices of renal function in male Wistar rats. Twenty (20 Wistar rats were randomly divided into four (4 groups of five rats each. The extract was administered orally in doses 200, 500, and 800 mg/kg body weight for 21 days. The kidney was harvested and processed histologically and blood samples were taken for biochemical assays. The histological results showed dose dependent pathological states and the biochemical analysis revealed a dose dependant variation in renal indices. These results suggest that chronic administration of aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa may be toxic to the kidney.

  7. Physiological and biochemical aspects of the effect of ionizing radiations on the lung parenchyma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Concerning the biochemical reactions of the lung parenchyma to irradiation the following points have been developed. Role of biochemically active substances (histamine, serotonin, kinins, catecholamines, prostaglandins) in the early reaction of the lung to irradiation, their common feature being their vascular impact point. Lung irradiation and lipids (fatty acids and lipid metabolism in general); irradiation, by raising the proportion of unsaturated at the expense of saturated fatty acids, may give rise to serious physiological respiratory disorders. Lung irradiation and blood fluidity (fibrinolytic activity, heparin, platelet factors). Pulmonary interstitium and irradiation (of the three interstitium components collagen plays a preferential part). Irradiation and immunological lung reaction (reasons behind the immunological theory, immunological assistance, immunological mechanism of pulmonary reactions towards pollutants). Enzymatic lung radiolesion indicators. Three kinds of physiological changes have been considered. Vascular physiology disturbances caused by the initial biochemical reactions; anomalies of physiological or functional trials, images of the lesion formed; disorders of the cell physiology of carcinogenesis

  8. The Research on Biochemical Indexes of Athletes after Taking Nutritional Supplements during Winter Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liping Pan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper takes hemoglobin and blood urea as the indexes of biochemical monitoring and accordingly supplying sports nutritional supplements into them at the same time, the effect on exercise capacity and the changes in biochemical indicators in different training stages will be observed in this research. The quality of winter training determines the motion states of athletes in the next year. However, the poor weather condition and the large amount of training will lead to the accumulation of fatigue, affecting the training status of athletes seriously. Therefore, it is essential to monitor their biochemical indicators and supply them with special nutrition. In order to ensure the completion of a large load of training for athletes, it is far enough to supplement the nutrients just by food, some special powerful nutrition are also needed in a scientific way.

  9. Seroprevalence of brucellosis and associated hemato-biochemical changes in pakistani horses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence and hemato-biochemical manifestations of brucellosis in horses. Serum samples were screened for Brucella antibodies by Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and serum agglutination test (SAT). Blood samples were evaluated for hemato-biochemical parameters following standard procedures. Results indicated seroprevalence of brucellosis 20.13 and 16.23% in horses by RBPT and SAT, respectively. Brucellosis does not lead to any significant change in hematological and biochemical parameters in relation to age, sex, body condition and lactation except few parameters. The values of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, neutrophil, basophil and alkaline phosphatase significantly decreased in brucellosis positive animals as compared to healthy animals whereas lymphocytes and alanine aminotransferase were in opposite order. It was concluded from the results that prevalence of brucellosis in horse population is of concern; therefore, control measures should be opted so that its zoonotic threat is curtailed. (author)

  10. Using Baseline Studies in the Investigation of Test Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wall, Dianne; Horak, Tania

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the role of "baseline studies" in investigations of test impact and to illustrate the type of thinking underlying the design and implementation of such studies by reference to a recent study relating to a high-stakes test of English language proficiency. Baseline studies are used to describe an educational…

  11. Searching for neutrino oscillation parameters in long baseline experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Vihonen, Sampsa

    2016-01-01

    Developing neutrino astronomy requires a good understanding of the neutrino oscillations mechanism. The European strategy for neutrino oscillation physics sets a high priority on future long baseline neutrino experiments with the aim to measure the intrinsic parameters that govern the neutrino oscillations. In this work we take a look at the next generation of long baseline experiments and discuss their prospects in future research.

  12. Digital Offshore Cadastre (DOC) - Pacific83 - Baseline Points

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains baseline points in ESRI Arc/Info export and Arc/View shape file formats for the BOEM Pacific Region. Baseline points are used by the BOEM to...

  13. Baseline micronuclei frequency in children: estimates from meta- and pooled analyses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neri, Monica; Ceppi, Marcello; Knudsen, Lisbeth E;

    2005-01-01

    the statistical power of studies and to assess the quality of data. In this article, we provide estimates of the baseline frequency of MN in children, conducting a meta-analysis of MN frequency reported by field studies in children and a pooled analysis of individual data [available from published studies......The number of studies evaluating the effect of environmental exposure to genotoxic agents in children has rapidly increased in the last few years. The frequency of micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes determined with the cytokinesis block assay is among the most popular biomarkers used...

  14. The Harbin Cohort Study on Diet, Nutrition and Chronic Non-communicable Diseases: study design and baseline characteristics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lixin Na

    Full Text Available Diet and nutrition have been reported to be associated with many common chronic diseases and blood-based assessment would be vital to investigate the association and mechanism, however, blood-based prospective studies are limited. The Harbin Cohort Study on Diet, Nutrition and Chronic Non-communicable Diseases was set up in 2010. From 2010 to 2012, 9,734 participants completed the baseline survey, including demographic characteristics, dietary intake, lifestyles and physical condition, and anthropometrics. A re-survey on 490 randomly selected participants was done by using the same methods which were employed in the baseline survey. For all participants, the mean age was 50 years and 36% of them were men. Approximately 99.4 % of cohort members donated blood samples. The mean total energy intake was 2671.7 kcal/day in men and 2245.9 kcal/day in women, the mean body mass index was 25.7 kg/m2 in men and 24.6 kg/m2 in women, with 18.4% being obese (≥ 28 kg/m2, 12.7% being diabetic, and 29.5% being hypertensive. A good agreement was obtained for the physical measurements between the baseline survey and re-survey. The resources from the cohort and its fasting and postprandial blood samples collected both at baseline and in each follow-up will be valuable and powerful in investigating relationship between diet, nutrition and chronic diseases and discovering novel blood biomarkers and the metabolism of these biomarkers related to chronic diseases.

  15. Hematologic and Biochemical Biologic Variation in Laboratory Cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trumel, Catherine; Monzali, Céline; Geffré, Anne; Concordet, Didier V; Hourqueig, Louise; Braun, Jean-Pierre D; Bourgès-Abella, Nathalie H

    2016-01-01

    The biologic variation associated with a clinical pathology result is important to consider before reference intervals (RI) are used. Most available RI are population-based RI, in which the analytical variability, interindividual variability, and intraindividual variability are confounded. In addition, when the intraindividual variability is considerably less than the interindividual variability, a population-based RI is insufficiently sensitive to detect changes in a subject over time. Here we determined the biologic variation and reference change value (RCV) of hematologic and biochemical variables in laboratory cats. Blood specimens from 14 (7 females and 7 males) overnight-fasted laboratory cats sampled 7 times (days 1, 2, 7, 14, 31, 42, and 100) were analyzed regarding hematology and biochemistry variables. For each variable, analytical, intraindividual, and interindividual coefficients of variation were estimated prior to calculation of the index of individuality and the RCV. RBC variables (count, Hgb, Hct, MCV, MCH, MCHC, and RBC distribution width) and 5 biochemical analytes (cholesterol, creatinine, triglycerides, ALP, and calcium) exhibited marked individuality, therefore indicating that subject-based reference intervals or RCV would be preferable when monitoring these variables in laboratory cats. Population-based RI were shown to be adequate for glucose and sodium, and both types of population and individual RI were similarly efficient for albumin, total protein, urea, ALT, AST, creatine kinase, chloride, carbon dioxide, iron, magnesium, inorganic phosphate, and potassium and reticulocyte, WBC, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, eosinophil, and platelet counts. The RCV determined in the present study provide a valuable tool for monitoring hematologic and biochemical variables in healthy laboratory cats. PMID:27657703

  16. Site Outcomes Baseline Multi Year Work Plan Volume 1, River Corridor Restoration Baseline

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The River Corridor Restoration volume is a compilation of Hanford Site scope, which excludes the approximately 194 km2 Central Plateau. The River Corridor scope is currently contractually assigned to Fluor Hanford, Bechtel Hanford, inc., DynCorp, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and others. The purpose of this project specification is to provide an overall scoping document for the River Corridor Restoration volume, and to provide a link with the overall Hanford Site River Corridor scope. Additionally, this specification provides an integrated and consolidated source of information for the various scopes, by current contract, for the River Corridor Restoration Baseline. It identifies the vision, mission, and goals, as well as the operational history of the Hanford Site, along with environmental setting and hazards

  17. Biochemical analysis of the crude extract of Momordica charantia (L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dar, Ume Kalsoom; Owais, Farah; Ahmad, Manzoor; Rizwani, Ghazala H

    2014-11-01

    Momordica charantia (L.) commonly referred as bitter gourd, karela and balsam pear. Its fruit is used for the treatment of diabetes and related conditions amongst the indigenous populations of Asia, South America, India and East Africa. The study was conducted to find out the biochemical aspects of crude extract of whole fruit of M. charantia including seeds which includes blood test (Hemoglobin, RBC, Total leukocyte count, platelets count, HbA1C (Glycocylated heamoglobin Type A1C)), Lipid profile test and electrolyte balance. Hemoglobin (7.1±0.14), platelets count (827 ×109±1.95), Cholesterol level (111±2), HDL (high density lipoproteins) (20±1.22) at 10mg shows marked increase in values as compared to control. While 25 mg dose shows insignificant result. Electrolyte balance are found significant at 10mg and 25mg except bicarbonates (Na(+¬)=143±1.87, K-=3.45±0.35, Cl(-) =108±1.48). Another important property of M. charantia is the elevation of platelet counts, heamoglobin and specifically high-density lipoproteins (HDL). It also controls cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL, LDL and VLDL at low dosage (10mg). Further studies can be conducted to find out which phytochemical components acts on specific biochemical activity. PMID:26045386

  18. Biochemical Investigation Is no Substitute for Clinical Examination!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn LA Rogers

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Context Toxic shock syndrome has been shown previously to be associated with hyperamylasaemia. However, serum amylase levels do not usually exceed three times upper limit of normal in these cases. Case report We report a case of a young girl of 17 years who presented with upper abdominal pain, severe shock and raised serum amylase level of 3,898 U/L, giving an impression of severe acute pancreatitis. It was only after finding a tampon in her vagina, and subsequently growing Staphylococcus aureus in her blood cultures, did the diagnosis of toxic shock syndrome become apparent. She recovered fully with supportive treatment and appropriate antibiotics. Conclusions Toxic shock syndrome with such a high level of serum amylase has not been previously reported. This case exemplifies the importance of repeated clinical evaluation of patients in this era of multiple investigations, and not simply relying on biochemical values for diagnosis.

  19. Prediction of the preeclampsia: a view of biochemical markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Sühha Bostancı

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Preeclampsia is a diverse, multiorgan group of related disease processes that occurs in up to 5%-8% of pregnancies after 20 weeks’ gestation and it is one of the leading causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Many molecular mechanisms are contributed to the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Although it is unknown whether the mechanisms act independently or have synergistic effects. This review describes review of primary papers investigating blood based biomarker such as PAP-A, Inhibin A, sFlt1, and PP13 in general and first trimester biochemical markers and combinations of them specifically for preeclampsia.http://dx.doi.org/10.7175/rhc.v4i4.699

  20. Gadagi Magani Tea Is Detrimental Affects Biochemical Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umar A.A.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Gadagi Magani tae is a herbal tea composed of many different herbs roots extracts shrubs and leaves prepared locally in form of tea consumed by many labourers youths tailors tricyclists and high way drivers in order to get extraordinary strength to endure hardship and overcome heavy duty within short period of time. The following biochemical parameters were routinely determined among consumers serum level of Aspartate aminotransaminases AST Alanine aminotransferase ALT activities were pragmatically higher than that of control increase in serum creatinine level lower sera urea and glucose levels and the sera levels of lipoproteins were also lower compared to controls. Hence Gadagi affects negatively the liver enzymes blood sugar level serum urea creatinine and carbonate positively as it lowers lipid profile.

  1. BIOCHEMICAL ALTERATIONS IN ZINC DEFICIENT SHEEP ASSOCIATED BY HYPERLACTATEMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Hafez El-Far

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Blood samples from diseased and clinically healthy Balady sheep of both sexes were collected and subjected for biochemical analysis of serum glucose, fructosamine, lactate, growth hormone, insulin, creatine phosphokinase, Lactate dehydrogenase and aldolase. The obtained results revealed a significant decrease in serum zinc and growth hormone were stated. In contrary, serum glucose and lactate, insulin, CPK, LDH and aldolase were significantly increased statically. While, fructosamine levels were non-significantly increased. From these results can conclude that, in zinc deficient sheep the carbohydrate metabolism is directed toward the anaerobic one accompanied by hyperlactemia which induce muscle cramp and damages leading to increased CPK, LDH and aldolase which appear clinically as enlargement of knee joint, lameness and staggering gait. In addition, growth retardation and wool loss are the main clinical signs of reduction in growth hormone.

  2. Hematological markers and biochemical profiles in terms of gender and age of captive collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) in eastern Amazon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorge, E M; Silva, C J O; Ritter, R A; Monteiro, M V B; Albuquerque, N I; Kahwage, P R; Monteiro, F O B; Costa, C T C; Rahal, S C; Silva Filho, E

    2015-01-01

    Complete blood counts and blood biochemical analyses are laboratory tests that allow the monitoring of physiological condition, nutrition, and health in free-living or captive wild animals. When interpreting these tests, it is essential to compare the results with reference ranges that are suitable for the species. Few studies have been conducted on the hematological and biochemical characteristics of Tayassu tajacu, particularly for animals raised in the Amazon biome. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the influence of age and gender on the hematological and biochemical profiles of captive T. tajacu, and to establish reference intervals for these parameters. Complete blood counts and biochemical analyses were performed using manual methods and semi-automatic equipment, respectively. There were significant differences in relation to age in hematocrit and hemoglobin levels, and mean cell volumes, in captive T. tajacu. No basophils were observed, and the neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio was less than 1. Levels of total protein, urea, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase were significantly affected by age (P < 0.05). Gender did not affect any of the results. The hematological and biochemical parameters for this species were determined, and may be used as reference ranges for captive T. tajacu. PMID:26634461

  3. 40 CFR 158.2010 - Biochemical pesticides data requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Biochemical pesticides data...) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES Biochemical Pesticides § 158.2010 Biochemical pesticides... required to support registration of biochemical pesticides. Sections 158.2080 through 158.2084 identify...

  4. 40 CFR 158.2000 - Biochemical pesticides definition and applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Biochemical pesticides definition and...) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES Biochemical Pesticides § 158.2000 Biochemical pesticides definition and applicability. This subpart applies to all biochemical pesticides as defined in paragraphs...

  5. Development of a new test for the global fibrinolytic capacity in whole blood

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rijken, D.C.; Hoegee-de Nobel, E.; Jie, A.F.H.; Atsma, D.E.; Schalij, M.J.; Nieuwenhuizen, W.

    2008-01-01

    Background: The development of global tests for the fibrinolytic capacity in blood is hampered by the low base-line fibrinolytic activity in blood, by the involvement of both plasmatic components and blood cells in the fibrinolytic system and by the loss of fibrinolytic activity as a result of the a

  6. Effect of toxoplasmosis and brucellosis on some biochemical parameters in ewes

    OpenAIRE

    N. A. J. Al- Hussary; A. S. M. Al- Zuhairy

    2010-01-01

    The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of infection of ewes with toxoplasmosis and/or brucellosis on someserum biochemical parameters. Ninety six samples of blood were collected from aborted ewes at different stages of gestation,suspected to be infected with toxoplasmosis and /or brucellosis from different regions in Nineveh governorate. The percentageof toxoplasma and brucella infection depending on Latex Agglutination Test (LAT) and Rose Bengal Test were 21.88% and23.96% re...

  7. Hesperidin associated with continuous and interval swimming improved biochemical and oxidative biomarkers in rats

    OpenAIRE

    de Oliveira, David Michel; Dourado, Grace Kelly Zanotti Simoes; Cesar, Thais Borges

    2013-01-01

    Background Citrus flavonoids, such as hesperidin, have shown therapeutic properties that improve hyperglycemia and insulin resistance, and decrease blood serum lipids and inflammation. The current investigation studied the effects of hesperidin supplementation associated with continuous and interval swimming on the biochemical parameters (glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides), and oxidative stress markers (TBARS and DPPH) in rats. Methods The animals (n = 60) were randomly divided in six gr...

  8. Sub-lethal toxicity of chlorpyrifos on Common carp, Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758): Biochemical response

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdi Banaee; Behzad Nematdoust Haghi; Ahmed Th. A. Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    Chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate pesticide, is widely used to control pests in agriculture farms and orchards of fruit trees. In this study, the fish were exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of chlorpyrifos which were determined based on numerical value of 96 h LC50. Blood was sampled after 10, 20 and 30 days and biochemical parameters including glucose, total protein, albumin, globulin, triglyceride and cholesterol levels, and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT)...

  9. Evaluation of biochemical and ultrasonographic measurements as indicators of undernutrition in cattle

    OpenAIRE

    S. Strydom; S. Agenas; Heath, M F; C.J.C. Phillips; G.H. Rautenbach; P.N. Thompson

    2008-01-01

    Body condition scoring (BCS) gives an indication of the nutritional status of an animal and it is thus an invaluable management tool in domestic livestock systems. It is, however, subjective. This study aimed at identifying biochemical indicators which could be objectively used as an indicator of undernutrition in ruminants. Blood samples were collected from 50 cattle with BCS ≤ 1 and from 50 cattle with BCS ≥ 2.5, using a 0-5 scale, and analysed for albumin, urea, creatinine, fru...

  10. Abnormal Unsaturated Fatty Acid Metabolism in Cystic Fibrosis: Biochemical Mechanisms and Clinical Implications

    OpenAIRE

    Seegmiller, Adam C.

    2014-01-01

    Cystic fibrosis is an inherited multi-organ disorder caused by mutations in the CFTR gene. Patients with this disease exhibit characteristic abnormalities in the levels of unsaturated fatty acids in blood and tissue. Recent studies have uncovered an underlying biochemical mechanism for some of these changes, namely increased expression and activity of fatty acid desaturases. Among other effects, this drives metabolism of linoeate to arachidonate. Increased desaturase expression appears to be ...

  11. Erythropoietin in the General Population: Reference Ranges and Clinical, Biochemical and Genetic Correlates

    OpenAIRE

    Niels Grote Beverborg; Niek Verweij; Klip, IJsbrand T.; Haye H van der Wal; Voors, Adriaan A.; van Veldhuisen, Dirk J.; Gansevoort, Ron T.; Bakker, Stephan J. L.; Pim van der Harst; Peter van der Meer

    2015-01-01

    Background Although erythropoietin has been used for decades in the treatment of anemia, data regarding endogenous levels in the general population are scarce. Therefore, we determined erythropoietin reference ranges and its clinical, biochemical and genetic associations in the general population. Methods We used data from 6,777 subjects enrolled in the Prevention of REnal and Vascular ENd-stage Disease (PREVEND) study. Fasting venous blood samples were obtained in the morning from all partic...

  12. Tissue Residues, Hematological and Biochemical Effects of Tilmicosin in Broiler Chicken

    OpenAIRE

    Mossad Elsayed; Ashraf Elkomy; Mohamed Aboubakr; Mohamed Morad

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the blood and tissue concentrations profile and effect of tilmicosin on some hematological and biochemical parameters in broiler chicken. Fifty clinically healthy Hubbard chickens were orally administered 25 mg/kg BW of tilmicosin once daily for 5 consecutive days. Tissue residues of tilmicosin in slaughtered healthy chicken could not be detected by microbiological assay in all tested tissues except in lung (at 96 hours) and liver and kidneys (at 72 hour...

  13. A Wavelet Packets Approach to Electrocardiograph Baseline Drift Cancellation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ali Tinati

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Baseline wander elimination is considered a classical problem. In electrocardiography (ECG signals, baseline drift can influence the accurate diagnosis of heart disease such as ischemia and arrhythmia. We present a wavelet-transform- (WT- based search algorithm using the energy of the signal in different scales to isolate baseline wander from the ECG signal. The algorithm computes wavelet packet coefficients and then in each scale the energy of the signal is calculated. Comparison is made and the branch of the wavelet binary tree corresponding to higher energy wavelet spaces is chosen. This algorithm is tested using the data record from MIT/BIH database and excellent results are obtained.

  14. Absolute Baseline for Testing of Electronic Distance Meters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Braun

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the construction and determination of coordinates of the absoluteEDMs baseline in a laboratory with 16 pillars with forced centring. Leica Absolute TrackerAT401 (standard deviation of distance measurement: 5 μ m, standard deviation of anglemeasurement: 0.15 mgon, which is designed for very accurate industrial measurements,was used for our purpose. Lengths between the baseline points were determined with astandard deviation of 0.02 mm. The baseline is used for determining systematic and randomerrors of distance meters and for accuracy of distance meters at short distances commonin engineering surveying for purposes of mechanical engineering.

  15. Trinocular Stereo Matching Based on Correlations Between Baselines and Disparities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUANYepeng; GUWeikang

    2004-01-01

    Gray correlation technique is utilized to take the multi-peak feature points with gray correlation coefficients less than a certain range of maximal correlation coefficient as a potential candidate matching set. There exists the maximal correlation between the correct disparities and their corresponding baselines. A trinocular stereo matching algorithm is proposed based on correlations between the baselines and disparities. After computing the correlations between the baselines and disparities, the unique matches can be determined by maximal correlation coefficient. It is proved that the algorithm proposed is valid and credible by 3-D reconstruction on two pairs of actual natural stereo images.

  16. Neutrino-factory storage ring with multiple baselines

    CERN Document Server

    Cline, David B; Garren, A

    2001-01-01

    We designed a noble bow tie storage ring to provide neutrino beams for multiple neutrino detectors around the world with a baseline length of about 1000-9000 km. We present a preliminary lattice that could provide non-planar straight sections. We describe the amount of non-planarity of the third or fourth baseline and the space angles between the baselines and the local surface angles at possible site locations for neutrino factories and at the possible detector locations. We describe the detectors at the Gran Sasso Laboratory, Italy, and at the new laboratory at Carlsbad, NM.

  17. Neutrino oscillations: what is magic about the "magic" baseline?

    CERN Document Server

    Smirnov, A Yu

    2006-01-01

    Physics interpretation of the ``magic'' baseline that can play important role in future oscillation experiments is given. The ``magic'' baseline coincides with the refraction length, $l_0$. The latter, in turn, approximately equals the oscillation length in matter at high energies. Therefore at the baseline $L = l_0$ the oscillation phase is $2\\pi$, and consequently, the ``solar'' amplitude of oscillations driven by the mixing angle $\\theta_{12}$ and mass splitting $\\Delta m^2_{21}$ vanishes. As a result, in the lowest order (i) the interference of amplitudes in the $\

  18. Parametric estimation of time varying baselines in airborne interferometric SAR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mohr, Johan Jacob; Madsen, Søren Nørvang

    1996-01-01

    A method for estimation of time varying spatial baselines in airborne interferometric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is described. The range and azimuth distortions between two images acquired with a non-linear baseline are derived. A parametric model of the baseline is then, in a least square...... sense, estimated from image shifts obtained by cross correlation of numerous small patches throughout the image. The method has been applied to airborne EMISAR imagery from the 1995 campaign over the Storstrommen Glacier in North East Greenland conducted by the Danish Center for Remote Sensing. This has...

  19. Haematological and biochemical reference intervals for free-ranging brown bears (Ursus arctos) in Sweden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Græsli, Anne Randi; Fahlman, Åsa; Evans, Alina L.;

    2014-01-01

    BackgroundEstablishment of haematological and biochemical reference intervals is important to assess health of animals on individual and population level. Reference intervals for 13 haematological and 34 biochemical variables were established based on 88 apparently healthy free-ranging brown bears...... bears in Sweden.ResultsThe following variables were not affected by host characteristics: red blood cell, white blood cell, monocyte and platelet count, alanine transaminase, amylase, bilirubin, free fatty acids, glucose, calcium, chloride, potassium, and cortisol. Age differences were seen...... for the majority of the haematological variables, whereas sex influenced only mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, aspartate aminotransferase, lipase, lactate dehydrogenase, ß-globulin, bile acids, triglycerides and sodium.ConclusionsThe biochemical and haematological reference intervals provided...

  20. Assessment of baseline hemodynamic parameters within infarct progression areas in acute stroke patients using perfusion-weighted MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ritzenthaler, Thomas; Cho, Tae-Hee; Derex, Laurent; Nighoghossian, Norbert [Hospices Civils de Lyon, Cerebrovascular Unit, Hopital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Bron (France); Claude Bernard Lyon 1 University, Creatis-LRMN, UMR 5520-Inserm 630, Lyon (France); Wiart, Marlene; Berthezene, Yves [Claude Bernard Lyon 1 University, Creatis-LRMN, UMR 5520-Inserm 630, Lyon (France); Berthiller, Julien [Hospices Civils de Lyon, Pole Information Medicale Evaluation Recherche, Lyon (France); Universite Lyon 1, Lyon (France); Oestergaard, Leif [University of Aarhus, Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus (Denmark); Hermier, Marc [Hospices Civils de Lyon, Neuroradiology Department, Hopital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Lyon (France)

    2011-08-15

    The value of perfusion MRI for identifying the tissue at risk has been questioned. Our objective was to assess baseline perfusion-weighted imaging parameters within infarct progression areas. Patients with anterior circulation stroke without early reperfusion were included from a prospective MRI database. Sequential MRI examinations were performed on admission, 2-3 h (H2), 2-3 days (D2), and between 15 and 30 days after the initial MRI. Maps of baseline time-to-peak (TTP), mean transit time (MTT), cerebral blood volume (CBV), and cerebral blood flow (CBF) were calculated. Lesion extension areas were defined as pixels showing de novo lesions between each MRI and were generated by subtracting successive lesion masks: V{sub 0}, baseline diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesion; V{sub 1}, lesion extension between baseline and H2 DWI; V{sub 2}, lesion extension from H2 to D2 DWI; and V{sub 3}, lesion extension from D2 DWI to final FLAIR. Repeated measures analysis was used to compare hemodynamic parameters within the baseline diffusion lesion and subsequent lesion extension areas. Thirty-two patients were included. Baseline perfusion parameters were significantly more impaired within the acute DWI lesion compared to lesion extension areas (TTP, p<0.0001; MTT, p<0.0001; CBF p<0.0001; CBV, p<0.0001). A significant decrease in MTT (p = 0.01) and TTP (p = 0.01) was found within successive lesion growth areas. A decreasing gradient of severity for TTP and MTT was observed within successive infarct growth areas. (orig.)

  1. Controversial effects of Calendula officinalis L. on Biochemical and Pathological Factors of Nephropathy in Diabetic Wistar Rats

    OpenAIRE

    Salehi; Moradkhani; Mohammadi Roushandeh; Nazari; Pouyandeh Ravan

    2015-01-01

    Background Chronic hyperglycemia leads to microvascular and macrovascular complications such as diabetic nephropathy. Medicinal plants are good sources for finding new therapeutic chemicals to improve diabetes and relieve its symptoms. Objectives The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of the hydroalcoholic extract (300 mg/kg) of Calendula officinalis (marigold) on blood biochemical profiles and histopathologic...

  2. Physiological, biochemical, and morphological characteristics of myocardial anoxia: the use of a semi-perfusion canine preparation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornet, E P; Wood, J M; Goldstein, M A; Entman, M L; Lewis, R M; Dunn, F A; Schwartz, A

    1977-11-01

    Regional myocardial anoxia was produced in dogs by perfusion of the left circumflex artery (LCA) with deoxygenated blood. Isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum fragments (cardiac relaxing system) showed decreased Ca2+ binding and uptake. The ability of isolated mitochondria to utilise long-chain fatty acids was markedly reduced. This model has revealed inherent biochemical differences between ischaemia and anoxia. PMID:603880

  3. Rhythmic 24-hour variations of frequently used clinical biochemical parameters in healthy young males - The Bispebjerg study of diurnal variations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sennels, Henriette P; Jørgensen, Henrik L; Gøtze, Jens Peter;

    2012-01-01

    Purpose. To evaluate the influence of time of day on the circulating concentrations of 14 frequently used clinical biochemical parameters in the Bispebjerg study of diurnal variations. Materials and methods. Venous blood samples were obtained under controlled environmental, activities and food...

  4. Sub-lethal toxicity of chlorpyrifos on Common carp, Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758: Biochemical response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Banaee

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate pesticide, is widely used to control pests in agriculture farms and orchards of fruit trees. In this study, the fish were exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of chlorpyrifos which were determined based on numerical value of 96 h LC50. Blood was sampled after 10, 20 and 30 days and biochemical parameters including glucose, total protein, albumin, globulin, triglyceride and cholesterol levels, and aspartate aminotransferase (AST, alanine aminotransferase (ALT, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, creatine kinase (CK, alkaline phosphatase (ALP and acetylcholinsetrase (AChE activities were measured. Behavioral changes in the fish were also recorded during the experiment. Unbalanced swimming, swimming in the surface water and hyperglycemia, increased blood triglyceride, and increased levels of AST, LDH and CK activities as well as decreased levels of AChE activity were important changes that were observed in the specimens exposed to chlorpyrifos during experimental periods. The most important alterations in the blood biochemical parameters were measured in the specimens exposed to 40 µg/L chlorpyrifos on the 20th and 30th day of the trial. In conclusion, results of the present study indicated that exposure to sub-lethal concentrations of chlorpyrifos as low as 40 µg/L may cause biochemical and behavioral changes in Cyprinus carpio.

  5. Parameters Obtained by Hepatobiliary Scintigraphy Have Significant Correlation with Biochemical Factors Early After Liver Transplantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kansoul, H.A.; Axelsson, R.; Yamamoto, S.; Savicheva, I.; Aspelin, P.; Ericzon, B.G.; Gjertsen, H. [Div. of Transplantation Surgery and Div. of Radiology, Dept. of Clinical Science, Intervention, and Technology, Karolinska Inst., Karolinska Univ. Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2007-08-15

    Background: Early postoperative hepatobiliary scintigraphy after liver transplantation is performed worldwide, but data on its significance for graft function are currently limited. Purpose: To examine the correlation between the result of early postoperative hepatobiliary scintigraphy and pre- and postoperative biochemical parameters in liver transplantation (LTx) patients. Material and Methods: Six parameters of hepatobiliary scintigraphy using {sup 99m}Tc mebrofenin were statistically analyzed in 108 LTx patients: 1) half-life of the activity of elimination of mebrofenin from the blood; 2) total clearance of mebrofenin from the blood due to all possible routes; 3) half-life of the activity due to liver uptake; 4) clearance of mebrofenin from the blood due to liver uptake; 5) time to maximal uptake in the liver; and 6) the hepatic extraction fraction (HEF) and biochemical data. Analysis between patients with preoperative normal liver function, familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP), and end-stage liver disease (non-FAP) was also performed. Results: Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that total bilirubin postoperative day 3 correlated with all three scintigraphic parameters, and peak aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase correlated with HEF. The analysis between patients with FAP and non-FAP revealed no significant difference of scintigraphic data between the two groups. Conclusion: A significant correlation between early postoperative scintigraphic results and biochemical parameters was demonstrated.

  6. Evaluation of physiological and biochemical responses in different seasons in Surti buffaloes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandhya S. Chaudhary

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of hot dry, hot humid and comfortable season on physiological, hematological, biochemical, and oxidative stress parameters in Surti buffaloes. Materials and Methods: Ten lactating Surti buffaloes of similar physiological status were selected. Based on the temperature-humidity index (THI, their natural exposure to the environment was categorized as hot dry (THI1, hot humid (THI2 and moderate winter/comfort season (THI3. Blood/serum samples were collected and analyzed for physiological, hematological, biochemical, and oxidative stress parameters. The results were analyzed using standard statistical methods. Results: With increase in THI, significant rise in physiological parameters such as respiration rate (RR, hematological parameters such as red blood cell (RBC, hematocrit, hemoglobin (Hb and mean cell Hb concentration (MCHC, biochemical parameters such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT, Na, K, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, Mn, Cu and Zn, hormones such as cortisol and oxidative stress parameters such as glutathione peroxidase (GPx, superoxide dismutase (SOD, lipid peroxide (LPO and total antioxidant status (TAS and significant decline in glucose, cholesterol and triiodothyronine (T3 was observed. Conclusion: It was concluded that THI is a sensitive indicator of heat stress and is impacted by ambient temperature more than the relative humidity in buffaloes. Higher THI is associated with significantly increased RR, total RBC count, Hb, hematocrit, MCHC, ALT, urea, sodium, creatinine, triiodothyronine, SOD, GPx, LPO and TAS and with significant decrease in glucose, cholesterol and triiodothyronine (T3.

  7. Deviation of Biochemical Variables in Dairy Cows with Reproductive Disorders - Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jožica Ježek

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of biochemical profiles of cows from farms with reproductive disorders. The results of blood examinations collected from 205 dairy cows, which originated from 72 Slovenian farms, were analysed. In blood samples total serum protein (TSP, albumin (Alb, urea, calcium (Ca, inorganic phosphate (iP, sodium (Na, potassium (K, chlorine (Cl and betacarotene concentration were measured. Data were compared with normal reference values for cattle. The results were evaluated regarding the normal values for cattle. The descriptive statistics and percentage of cows deviating from normal values for investigated variables were calculated. The mean values of investigated variables were inside reference intervals for cattle. The results of biochemical examination show deviation from reference interval in 52.3% of cows for TSP, 70.8% for urea, 39.8% for iP, 27.5% for Na, 36.2% for K, 1.1% for Cl, 37.6% for beta carotene and 6.8% for Ca. The results of biochemical investigations revealed the greatest deviations in concentrations of TSP, urea, Na, K and carotene which can be affected by different factors (nutrition, health status, stage of lactation and season. Taking into account all of these factors may be blood biochemistry a useful tool also in identifying deficiencies in the diet.

  8. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... 6, 2016, San Diego, CA Abstracts Registration Housing Travel Information Government Concierge View all meetings Publications Blood ... Blood Clots Blood Clotting and Pregnancy Clots and Travel DVT Myths vs. Facts Blood Detectives Find a ...

  9. Where to Donate Blood

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... zip code using the Blood Bank Locator below: Blood Bank Locator City: State/Province: ZIP Code: Country: Show ... safety and care. The Association sets standards for blood banks and transfusion services, and accredits member blood banks ...

  10. High blood pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you are at risk for: Bleeding from the aorta, the large blood vessel that supplies blood to ... tests Blood pressure check Blood pressure References American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes-2015 ...

  11. Lead levels - blood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blood lead levels ... A blood sample is needed. Most of the time blood is drawn from a vein located on the inside ... may be used to puncture the skin. The blood collects in a small glass tube called a ...

  12. Types of Blood Donations

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Double Red Cell Plasma Platelets Red Cells What blood donation type is best for me? **If you do not ... blood type, a whole blood donation is recommended** Blood Donation Types: Volunteer Donations The standard or most common type ...

  13. Blood Type Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Donor Community > Games > Blood Type Game Printable Version Blood Type Game This feature requires version 6 or later ... many points as possible by matching the appropriate blood type of a donor to the blood type of ...

  14. Blood Transfusion and Donation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in the United States receive life-saving blood transfusions. During a transfusion, you receive whole blood or parts of blood ... liver failure or a severe infection. Most blood transfusions go very smoothly. Some infectious agents, such as ...

  15. Blood Transfusion (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Story" 5 Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Blood Transfusions KidsHealth > For Parents > Blood Transfusions Print A ... and help put your child at ease. About Blood Transfusions Blood is like the body's transportation system. ...

  16. Understanding Blood Pressure Readings

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... What is the AHA recommendation for healthy blood pressure? This blood pressure chart reflects categories defined by the American ... unusually low blood pressure readings. How is high blood pressure diagnosed? Your healthcare providers will want to get ...

  17. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Housing Travel Information Government Concierge View all meetings Publications Blood Current Issue First Edition Abstracts Blood Advances ... reflect the most recent scientific research View all publications For Patients Blood Basics Blood Disorders Anemia Bleeding ...

  18. Baseline omega-3 index correlates with aggressive and attention deficit disorder behaviours in adult prisoners.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara J Meyer

    Full Text Available There is emerging evidence that the supplementation of omega-3 contributes to a decrease in aggressive behaviour in prison populations. A challenge of such research is achieving statistical power against effect sizes which may be affected by the baseline omega-3 index. There are no published data on the blood omega-3 index with studies of this kind to assess the variability of the blood omega-3 index in conjunction with aggression and attention deficit assessments.To determine if the variance of the omega-3 index is correlated with aggressive and attention deficit behaviour in a prison population.136 adult male prisoners were recruited from South Coast Correctional Centre (SCCC, NSW Australia. A 7 point categorisation was used to quantify levels of aggressive behaviour (4 weeks from individual SCCC case notes, whereby higher scores correspond to increasingly aggressive behaviour. Study participants completed the Aggression Questionnaire (AQ and the Brown's Attention Deficit Disorder Scales (BADDS, provided a blood sample for erythrocyte fatty acid analysis using gas chromatography and the omega-3 index was calculated.The baseline omega-3 index ranged from 2.3% to 10.3%, indicating that some participants already had substantial omega-3 intake, however a median of 4.7% indicated a lower overall omega-3 intake than the general Australian population. Assessment of aggressive and attention deficit behaviour shows that there were negative correlations between baseline omega-3 index and baseline aggression categorisation scores (r = -0.21, P = 0.016; total AQ score (r = -0.234, P = 0.011; Anger (r = -0.222 p = 0.016; Hostility AQ (r = -0.239, P = 0.009; indirect aggression (r = -0.188 p = 0.042; total BADDS (r = -0.263, p = 0.005; Activation (r = -0.224, p = 0.016; Attention (r = -0.192, p = 0.043; Effort (r = -0.253, p = 0.007; Affect (r = -0.330, p = 0.000 and Memory (r = -0.240, p = 0.010.There is a high variability in omega-3 status of a NSW prison

  19. Seasonal variation in stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values of bats reflect environmental baselines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana G Popa-Lisseanu

    Full Text Available The stable carbon and nitrogen isotope composition of animal tissues is commonly used to trace wildlife diets and analyze food chains. Changes in an animal's isotopic values over time are generally assumed to indicate diet shifts or, less frequently, physiological changes. Although plant isotopic values are known to correlate with climatic seasonality, only a few studies restricted to aquatic environments have investigated whether temporal isotopic variation in consumers may also reflect environmental baselines through trophic propagation. We modeled the monthly variation in carbon and nitrogen isotope values in whole blood of four insectivorous bat species occupying different foraging niches in southern Spain. We found a common pattern of isotopic variation independent of feeding habits, with an overall change as large as or larger than one trophic step. Physiological changes related to reproduction or to fat deposition prior to hibernation had no effect on isotopic variation, but juvenile bats had higher δ13C and δ15N values than adults. Aridity was the factor that best explained isotopic variation: bat blood became enriched in both 13C and 15N after hotter and/or drier periods. Our study is the first to show that consumers in terrestrial ecosystems reflect seasonal environmental dynamics in their isotope values. We highlight the danger of misinterpreting stable isotope data when not accounting for seasonal isotopic baselines in food web studies. Understanding how environmental seasonality is integrated in animals' isotope values will be crucial for developing reliable methods to use stable isotopes as dietary tracers.

  20. Seasonal variation in stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values of bats reflect environmental baselines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popa-Lisseanu, Ana G; Kramer-Schadt, Stephanie; Quetglas, Juan; Delgado-Huertas, Antonio; Kelm, Detlev H; Ibáñez, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    The stable carbon and nitrogen isotope composition of animal tissues is commonly used to trace wildlife diets and analyze food chains. Changes in an animal's isotopic values over time are generally assumed to indicate diet shifts or, less frequently, physiological changes. Although plant isotopic values are known to correlate with climatic seasonality, only a few studies restricted to aquatic environments have investigated whether temporal isotopic variation in consumers may also reflect environmental baselines through trophic propagation. We modeled the monthly variation in carbon and nitrogen isotope values in whole blood of four insectivorous bat species occupying different foraging niches in southern Spain. We found a common pattern of isotopic variation independent of feeding habits, with an overall change as large as or larger than one trophic step. Physiological changes related to reproduction or to fat deposition prior to hibernation had no effect on isotopic variation, but juvenile bats had higher δ13C and δ15N values than adults. Aridity was the factor that best explained isotopic variation: bat blood became enriched in both 13C and 15N after hotter and/or drier periods. Our study is the first to show that consumers in terrestrial ecosystems reflect seasonal environmental dynamics in their isotope values. We highlight the danger of misinterpreting stable isotope data when not accounting for seasonal isotopic baselines in food web studies. Understanding how environmental seasonality is integrated in animals' isotope values will be crucial for developing reliable methods to use stable isotopes as dietary tracers. PMID:25700080

  1. Reconfigurable neuromorphic computation in biochemical systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Hui-Ju Katherine; Jiang, Jie-Hong R; Fages, Francois

    2015-08-01

    Implementing application-specific computation and control tasks within a biochemical system has been an important pursuit in synthetic biology. Most synthetic designs to date have focused on realizing systems of fixed functions using specifically engineered components, thus lacking flexibility to adapt to uncertain and dynamically-changing environments. To remedy this limitation, an analog and modularized approach to realize reconfigurable neuromorphic computation with biochemical reactions is presented. We propose a biochemical neural network consisting of neuronal modules and interconnects that are both reconfigurable through external or internal control over the concentrations of certain molecular species. Case studies on classification and machine learning applications using the DNA strain displacement technology demonstrate the effectiveness of our design in both reconfiguration and autonomous adaptation. PMID:26736417

  2. Establishment of baseline haematology and biochemistry parameters in wild adult African penguins (Spheniscus demersus)

    OpenAIRE

    Parsons, Nola J.; Schaefer, Adam M.; Stephen D. van der Spuy; Gous, Tertius A

    2015-01-01

    There are few publications on the clinical haematology and biochemistry of African penguins (Spheniscus demersus) and these are based on captive populations. Baseline haematology and serum biochemistry parameters were analysed from 108 blood samples from wild, adult African penguins. Samples were collected from the breeding range of the African penguin in South Africa and the results were compared between breeding region and sex. The haematological parameters that were measured were: haematoc...

  3. Sterile Neutrino Fits to Short-Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Conrad

    2013-01-01

    (3 + 2 and (3 + 3 fits, rather than (3 + 1 fits, for future neutrino oscillation phenomenology. These results motivate the pursuit of further short-baseline experiments, such as those reviewed in this paper.

  4. Effects of baseline risk information on social and individual choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte; Kristiansen, Ivar Sønbø; Nexøe, Jørgen; Nielsen, Jesper Bo

    2002-01-01

    This article analyzes preferences for risk reductions in the context of individual and societal decision making. The effect of information on baseline risk is analyzed in both contexts. The results indicate that if individuals are to imagine that they suffer from 1 low-risk and 1 high-risk ailment, and are offered a specified identical absolute risk reduction, a majority will ceteris paribus opt for treatment of the low-risk ailment. A different preference structure is elicited when priority questions are framed as social choices. Here, a majority will prefer to treat the high-risk group of patients. The preference reversal demonstrates the extent to which baseline risk information can influence preferences in different choice settings. It is argued that presentation of baseline risk information may induce framing effects that lead to nonoptimal resource allocations. A solution to this problem may be to not present group-specific baseline risk information when eliciting preferences. PMID:11833667

  5. Information architecture. Volume 2, Part 1: Baseline analysis summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Information Architecture, Volume 2, Baseline Analysis, is a collaborative and logical next-step effort in the processes required to produce a Departmentwide information architecture. The baseline analysis serves a diverse audience of program management and technical personnel and provides an organized way to examine the Department`s existing or de facto information architecture. A companion document to Volume 1, The Foundations, it furnishes the rationale for establishing a Departmentwide information architecture. This volume, consisting of the Baseline Analysis Summary (part 1), Baseline Analysis (part 2), and Reference Data (part 3), is of interest to readers who wish to understand how the Department`s current information architecture technologies are employed. The analysis identifies how and where current technologies support business areas, programs, sites, and corporate systems.

  6. Baseline inventory data users guide to abiotic GIS layers

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Baseline Inventory Team was chartered by the Fulfilling the Promises Implementation Team to recommend minimum abiotic and biotic inventories for the National...

  7. Environmental Measurements Laboratory. Regional Baseline Station, Chester, New Jersey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research programs conducted at the Regional Baseline Station at Chester, NJ during 1981 are reported. Data are presented on chemical air pollutants and background radiation. Items within the scope of EDB have been entered individually into the data base

  8. Baseline assessment of fish communities of the Flower Garden Banks

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The work developed baseline information on fish and benthic communities within the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary (FGBNMS). Surveys employed diving,...

  9. Fusion of a Variable Baseline System and a Range Finder

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Arnay; Javier Hernández-Aceituno; Leopoldo Acosta

    2011-01-01

    One of the greatest difficulties in stereo vision is the appearance of ambiguities when matching similar points from different images. In this article we analyze the effectiveness of using a fusion of multiple baselines and a range finder from a theoretical point of view, focusing on the results of using both prismatic and rotational articulations for baseline generation, and offer a practical case to prove its efficiency on an autonomous vehicle.

  10. Uncertainty in Clean Development Mechanism Baselines: Sources, Ramifications, and Negotiations

    OpenAIRE

    Bushey, Douglas

    2005-01-01

    Awarding Certified Emission Reductions to Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects under the Kyoto Protocol involves comparing the actual emissions of the project to a counterfactual “baseline” emissions level. The baseline of a project is intended to represent the emissions that would have occurred in the absence of the project. Accordingly, there is a high degree of uncertainty in determining CDM baselines. In the years since the emergence of the CDM, scientific and political debates h...

  11. Baseline implementations of the Standard Line Editor (SLED)

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, C F; Burnham, R.; Coulter, R.; Smart, S.; Cox, Lyle Ashton

    1980-01-01

    In response to a recognized requirement for a more uniform man machine interface, especially in multiple machine networks, a standardized text editor was proposed (1). This editor, "SLED" was designed to be easily implementable in several commonly available higher level languages. This document reviews two baseline implementations taken directly from the SLED standards which users may want to consider when implementing SLED upon local systems. These baseline programs were written and...

  12. Urinary neurotransmitter testing: considerations of spot baseline norepinephrine and epinephrine

    OpenAIRE

    Hinz, Marty; Stein, Alvin; Uncini,Tom

    2011-01-01

    Marty Hinz1 Alvin Stein2 Thomas Uncini31Clinical Research, NeuroResearch Clinics Inc., Cape Coral, FL, USA; 2Stein Orthopedic Associates, Plantation, FL, USA; 3DBS Laboratories, Duluth, MN, USABackground: The purpose of this paper is to present the results of statistical analysis of spot baseline urinary norepinephrine and epinephrine assays in correlation with spot baseline urinary serotonin and dopamine findings previously published by the authors. Our research indicates a need for physicia...

  13. Types of Blood Transfusions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home » Health Information for the Public » Health Topics » Blood Transfusion » Types of Blood Transfusions Explore Blood Transfusion What Is... ... Share this page from the NHLBI on Twitter. Types of Blood Transfusions Blood is transfused either as whole blood ( ...

  14. Cord blood testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to evaluate the oxygen, carbon dioxide, and pH levels) Blood sugar level Blood type and Rh Complete blood count ( ... means you have a blood infection (septicemia). High levels of blood sugar (glucose) in the cord blood may be found ...

  15. Whole blood cyanide levels in patients with tobacco amblyopia.

    OpenAIRE

    Jestico, J V; O'Brien, M D; Teoh, R.; Toseland, P A; Wong, H C

    1984-01-01

    Three patients presented with painless bilateral visual failure due to tobacco amblyopia. The whole blood cyanide levels were raised above those predicted from their high tobacco consumption, approaching lethal levels reported from acute inhalation of cyanide. Each patient had an excessive alcohol intake with biochemical evidence of hepatic dysfunction, the elevated whole blood cyanide levels being attributed to the associated impairment of cyanide detoxification. In each case the improvement...

  16. Effect of acute dose of alcohol on the biochemical features of syndrome X in different categories of male and female Nigerian drinkers in apparent good health.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Innocent Onyesom

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: «Syndrome X», known since the 1980’s is a disease condition precipitated by insulin resistance. Insulin resistance causes glucose and insulin to accumulate in the blood. Syndrome X is characterized by abnormal values of triacylglycerol (TAG, blood pressure (BP, glucose and HDL-cholesterol-all risk factors for heart disease. Insulin resistance may be exacerbated by bad diet, poor lifestyle, absence of physical activity, genetic predisposition and being overweight. However, recent reports have shown that poor lifestyle is likely to be the main cause rather than bad diet or being overweight. Even though heavy consumption of alcohol could be regarded as a poor lifestyle, its relationship to the biochemical features and symptoms of Syndrome X in both genders is yet to be properly documented among Nigerian drinkers of alcohol. Methods: To establish a baseline information on the relationship between alcohol consumption and Syndrome X among Nigerians, two hundred and seventy-four consenting individuals in apparent good health and who were either light (53 male, 44 female, moderate (51 male, 42 female or heavy (46 male, 38 female drinkers of alcohol were selected. They had no personal or familial history of CHD, stroke, cancer or related diseases. The drinkers were tested using an acute dose (1 g ethanol/kg body weight of alcohol. Results: Results show that the administered acute dose (1 g ethanol/kg body weight increased serum glucose, (p>0.05, TAG (p Conclusions: Based on the available evidence, it would be reasonable to conclude that heavy consumption of alcohol by Nigerian women especially may be yet another predisposing lifestyle to Syndrome X. The incidence of Syndrome X among drinkers of alcohol should be further investigated in order to provide clues to the underlying molecular mechanisms. This is important in order to strategize therapeutic approaches, since individuals with the disease may not recognize it.

  17. THE 2014 ALMA LONG BASELINE CAMPAIGN: AN OVERVIEW

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Partnership, ALMA [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, IC2, Liverpool Science Park, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF (United Kingdom); Fomalont, E. B.; Vlahakis, C.; Corder, S.; Remijan, A.; Barkats, D.; Dent, W. R. F.; Phillips, N.; Cox, P.; Hales, A. S. [Joint ALMA Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile); Lucas, R. [Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (UMR 5274), BP 53, F-38041 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Hunter, T. R.; Brogan, C. L.; Amestica, R.; Cotton, W. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Asaki, Y. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Matsushita, S. [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Hills, R. E. [Astrophysics Group, Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Richards, A. M. S. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Broguiere, D., E-mail: efomalon@nrao.edu [Institut de Radioastronomie Millime´trique (IRAM), 300 rue de la Piscine, Domaine Universitaire, F-38406 Saint Martin d’Hères (France); and others

    2015-07-20

    A major goal of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) is to make accurate images with resolutions of tens of milliarcseconds, which at submillimeter (submm) wavelengths requires baselines up to ∼15 km. To develop and test this capability, a Long Baseline Campaign (LBC) was carried out from 2014 September to late November, culminating in end-to-end observations, calibrations, and imaging of selected Science Verification (SV) targets. This paper presents an overview of the campaign and its main results, including an investigation of the short-term coherence properties and systematic phase errors over the long baselines at the ALMA site, a summary of the SV targets and observations, and recommendations for science observing strategies at long baselines. Deep ALMA images of the quasar 3C 138 at 97 and 241 GHz are also compared to VLA 43 GHz results, demonstrating an agreement at a level of a few percent. As a result of the extensive program of LBC testing, the highly successful SV imaging at long baselines achieved angular resolutions as fine as 19 mas at ∼350 GHz. Observing with ALMA on baselines of up to 15 km is now possible, and opens up new parameter space for submm astronomy.

  18. MALDI-TOF Baseline Drift Removal Using Stochastic Bernstein Approximation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Stochastic Bernstein (SB approximation can tackle the problem of baseline drift correction of instrumentation data. This is demonstrated for spectral data: matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF data. Two SB schemes for removing the baseline drift are presented: iterative and direct. Following an explanation of the origin of the MALDI-TOF baseline drift that sheds light on the inherent difficulty of its removal by chemical means, SB baseline drift removal is illustrated for both proteomics and genomics MALDI-TOF data sets. SB is an elegant signal processing method to obtain a numerically straightforward baseline shift removal method as it includes a free parameter that can be optimized for different baseline drift removal applications. Therefore, research that determines putative biomarkers from the spectral data might benefit from a sensitivity analysis to the underlying spectral measurement that is made possible by varying the SB free parameter. This can be manually tuned (for constant or tuned with evolutionary computation (for .

  19. Precise baseline determination for the TanDEM-X mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koenig, Rolf; Moon, Yongjin; Neumayer, Hans; Wermuth, Martin; Montenbruck, Oliver; Jäggi, Adrian

    The TanDEM-X mission will strive for generating a global precise Digital Elevation Model (DEM) by way of bi-static SAR in a close formation of the TerraSAR-X satellite, already launched on June 15, 2007, and the TanDEM-X satellite to be launched in May 2010. Both satellites carry the Tracking, Occultation and Ranging (TOR) payload supplied by the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences. The TOR consists of a high-precision dual-frequency GPS receiver, called Integrated GPS Occultation Receiver (IGOR), and a Laser retro-reflector (LRR) for precise orbit determination (POD) and atmospheric sounding. The IGOR is of vital importance for the TanDEM-X mission objectives as the millimeter level determination of the baseline or distance between the two spacecrafts is needed to derive meter level accurate DEMs. Within the TanDEM-X ground segment GFZ is responsible for the operational provision of precise baselines. For this GFZ uses two software chains, first its Earth Parameter and Orbit System (EPOS) software and second the BERNESE software, for backup purposes and quality control. In a concerted effort also the German Aerospace Center (DLR) generates precise baselines independently with a dedicated Kalman filter approach realized in its FRNS software. By the example of GRACE the generation of baselines with millimeter accuracy from on-board GPS data can be validated directly by way of comparing them to the intersatellite K-band range measurements. The K-band ranges are accurate down to the micrometer-level and therefore may be considered as truth. Both TanDEM-X baseline providers are able to generate GRACE baselines with sub-millimeter accuracy. By merging the independent baselines by GFZ and DLR, the accuracy can even be increased. The K-band validation however covers solely the along-track component as the K-band data measure just the distance between the two GRACE satellites. In addition they inhibit an un-known bias which must be modelled in the comparison, so the

  20. Changes of blood biochemistry in the rabbit animal model in atherosclerosis research; a time- or stress-effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsantila Nektaria

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Rabbits are widely used in biomedical research and especially as animal models in atherosclerosis studies. Blood biochemistry is used to monitor progression of disease, before final evaluation including pathology of arteries and organs. The aim of the present study was to assess the consistency of the biochemical profile of New Zealand White rabbits on standard diet from 3 to 6 months of age, during which they are often used experimentally. Methods and results Eight conventional male 3-month-old New Zealand White rabbits were used. Blood samples were taken at baseline, 1, 2 and 3 months later. Plasma glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triacylglycerol concentrations, and alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, gamma glutamyl transferase activities and malondialdehyde were measured. Statistically significant time-related changes were observed in glucose, total cholesterol and triacylglycerol, which were not correlated with aortic lesions at 6 months of age. Similarly, hepatic enzyme activity had significant time-related changes, without a corresponding liver pathology. Conclusions Age progression and stress due to single housing may be the underlying reasons for these biochemistry changes. These early changes, indicative of metabolic alterations, should be taken into account even in short-term lipid/atherosclerosis studies, where age and standard diet are not expected to have an effect on the control group of a study.