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Sample records for blok elektrarne mochovce

  1. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this booklet the uranium atom nucleus fission as well as electricity generation in a nuclear power plant (primary circuit, reactor, reactor pressure vessel, fuel assembly, control rod and reactor power control) are explained. Scheme of electricity generation in nuclear power plant and Cross-section of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant unit are included. In next part a reactor scram, refuelling of fuel, instrumentation and control system as well as principles of nuclear safety and safety improvements are are described

  2. Nuclear power plant Mochovce completion is the only economic possibility for Slovenske Elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Slovak Republic is the country with very insufficient amounts of primary sources. That is why almost 90% of used fuel has to be imported. In addition Slovakia does not have direct access to the sea and cheap tankers transportation is not available. The only possibility for Slovakia in the near future from the point of needs and increasing electricity generation is nuclear power. As part of the former Czechoslovakia, Slovakia started to build the second nuclear power plant in the Mochovce village. Consequently with huge political and social changes in November 1989 and essential deficiency of investment money construction of nuclear power plant was stopped. Under considerable press by the non-governmental organizations (i.e. Greenpeace etc.) one of the main reason was to find out the formulation of feasibility and economic advantages of Mochovce completion very thoroughly and precisely even though the first unit has been completed approximately by 80%. As a grant from the European Union some financial sources were given to promote training process. Some financial sources obtained from the grant by the European Union have been given to promote the training process in the Slovak Republic. A brief description of methods which have been carried out to determine the best economic option for development of the company is part of material. Result is the only reasonable option is to complete nuclear power plant Mochovce not only from economic point of view. Several international pre operational audit team reviews by nuclear safety teams were sent by IAAE Vienna. Goals of these teams were to examine if safety is at the appropriate and accepted level and if the next operation would be acceptable. Models which are presently used in Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. have all the features of integrated resource planning

  3. Specialised preparation of personnel of the Slovenske elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this article author describes the present state and prospects of development of preparation of employees of Slovenske elektrarne, plc. Realised in Training centre of personnel of JEZ (IVS) VUJE Trnava, Inc., in co-operation with Slovenske elektrarne, Inc. Bratislava. Orientation on customer tends to Bohunice NPP, Mochovce 1, 2 EMO as well as on employees of Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Center, but also other subjects fulfilling tasks connected with nuclear and radiation safety in Slovakia as well as abroad

  4. Mochovce Unit 3 and 4 Completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose of the Feasibility Study was to define in detail all technical, economic, financial, legal and authorization aspects of Mochovce NPP Unit 3 and 4 completion in order to provide Slovenske Elektrarne, a. s. (SE) and ENEL Top Management with all the necessary information for a final decision on Mochovce Unit 3 and 4. Feasibility study has started in January 2006. SE had the commitment to complete the Feasibility Study within 12 months from Closing of SE acquisition (April 2007). In order not to delay completion of Mochovce Unit 3 and 4, SE has decided to perform, in parallel to the Feasibility study, also all design and permitting activities which are required for the completion of Plant. This has involved anticipation of expenses for approximately 700 MSKK (or approx. 20 MEuro). SE was able to announce the positive decision about completion on Mochovce NPP Unit 3 and 4, two months in advance of the deadline.

  5. Fulvio Conti's visit to Slovenske elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 4 and 5 December, 2006, Fulvio Conti, Executive Director of ENEL, visited Slovenske elektrarne (SE). On the first day of his visit, he met with the Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico. At the meeting, apart from energy prices, they discussed the completion of Blocks 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant. ENEL, which holds 66 % of shares in Slovenske elektrarne, should present to the Government within end of April a study on completion of construction of the blocks MO34. The completion of construction of the Mochovce blocks would amount to approximately EUR 1 billion 600 million. In the afternoon, he met with the representatives of SE's management, who presented to him the results achieved in the area of operational safety, costing, and electricity trade. On the second day, he visited the Mochovce nuclear power plant, where in the morning, there was held a meeting with financial analysts at international level. SE's General Director and Chairman of the Board of Directors, Paolo Ruzzini, had a presentation on introducing SE, then Marco Arcelli, Director of Strategic Development of ENEL Group for Central and Eastern Europe and Vice- Chairman of the Board of Directors of SE, had presentation on an Enel's increase in the Centrel region. Jaroslav Holubec, Director of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant, summed up the operational results, and Giancarlo Aquilanti, Director of MO34 Power Plant, summed up the plans for the completion of Blocks 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant. After answers to the questions, the guests viewed a control room and turbine room of Block 1. (author)

  6. Considerations for the completion of Mochovce - 3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP was originally planned for operation with four WWER-213 440 MW reactor blocks. Mochovce units 1 and 2 were commissioned in 1998 and 2000, respectively. Construction of Mochovce units 3 and 4 was temporally suspended in 1992 due to a lack of financial resources. At present, construction of units 3 and 4 is approximately 30% complete in terms of technology and approximately 70% complete with respect to construction works, representing a total investment currently valued by Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) at approximately of SKK 18.9 bn. It is currently estimated by SE that the expenditures necessary to complete Mochovce units 3 and 4 amount to approximately SKK 42.5 bn, 45% of which for supplies and 55% for construction and assembly works. SE is considering various financial options for financing of the investments, including using project finance techniques as Mochovce units 3 and 4 are still considered as a plant under the construction

  7. Mochovce site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Mochovce site the construction of four units of WWER 440 NPP with V-213 type of reactor is being carried out. The financing of Mochovce units completion was resolved in April 1996. The completion work commenced at the construction site under leadership of SKODA Prague, the general supplier. The completion work on building part and tests of constructional electric distributions and lightning constructors started. The revisions in technological part were finished, and final protocols from revisions are the basis for starting of completion work. The assembly of transport container anchorage,ventilation system in hermetic areas and hermetic coverage of pools for stored spent nuclear fuel is being carried out. The pre-completion tests of instrumentation and control of ventilation systems, individual dosimetric control in medical station, and tests of nuclear programme according to commissioning and assembling work schedule at the equipment for physical protection of the NPP area started. Inspection activities at Mochovce were performed in accordance with inspection plan for 1996. Evaluation of routine inspections was performed by means of quarterly protocols. Main findings from the inspections performed in Mochovce were in the following areas: (a) deficiencies in the knowledge of the respective regulation and conditions from the Resolution of the state regulatory body, concerning selected employees; (b) training of the selected employees; (c) aim of the measures imposes by inspectors is to eliminate deficiencies in preparation of programmes for pre-completion and completion testing. NRA SR assessment activities at Mochovce NPP were focused mainly on approving and inspecting of design modification to approving programmes for pre-completion and completion testing of system s and equipment and on approving quality assurance programmes. The suggestions of international missions, which reviewed Mochovce safety in the years, were taken into consideration in the programme

  8. Recent history of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant has been an open project involving a wide international co-operation of numerous organisations of countries stretching from the Atlantic coast up to the Urals that make it a truly European project. The units at Mochovce are the later V-213 type of Soviet-designed WWER-440 reactors. They therefore incorporate a number of improvements over the earlier V-230 type. There are four units at Mochovce site: unit 1 has been in operation since summer 1998, unit 2 is currently in the stage of commissioning tests and scheduled for operation by the end of this year, and unit 3 and 4 are still waiting for the final governmental decision about their completion, currently 40% and 30% completed respectively. Beginning in 1981, the construction works were stopped in early 90's due to the decision on replacement of the original I and C system, as well as lack of funding afterwards. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. have been working to resuscitate the project focusing initially on completion of the units 1 and 2 with assistance of western companies. one month later the governmental guarantees were given for loans and Slovenske elektrarne signed loan agreements to finance the project completion, as well as construction completion agreements with contractors. (Author)

  9. Slovenske elektrarne and the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the end of 2002 Mochovce NPP as the first Slovak energy operation got the international certificate of environmental managership according to norm ISO 14 001:1996 on production and electric energy supply from nuclear power plant praised by reputable testimonial company Det Norske Veritas. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. management has intention to pass a certification process in all of its operations in this and following year. Certification presentation is one of the results of project of Environmental policy of SE, a.s. as it was specified by company executive in 2000. This project comes out from Environmental protection conception of SE from 1997. The basic condition of success of whole project is total orientation of Slovak electric energetic on energy production with minimal environmental load. It means the maximal exploitation of water and nuclear production of electric energy at the expense of technologies based on energy raw materials incineration. In 2002, of totally produced 32 805 MWh of electric energy almost two thirds were produced by nuclear power plants, almost one fifth by water power plants and 16% by thermal power plants. Thanks to this electricity production structure it is sharply possible to cut back the emission capacity produced by thermal power plants

  10. Slovenske elektrarne, Mochovce nuclear power plant. Safety strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the Management's declaration is presented. This declaration contains: operation management and quality assurance, plant commissioning, maintenance and repairs, reactor physics, radiation protection, surveillance programmes, events analyses and experience feed-back, accident management procedures and training, emergency planning and preparedness review of safety performance, human resources, and personnel responsibility

  11. Mochovce NPP simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP simulator basic features and detailed description of its characteristics are presented with its performance, certification and application for training of NPP operators as well as the training scenario

  12. Risk Management in Slovenske elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ronald Blasko has returned from Brussels to Slovenske elektrarne (SE) to manage the new department of Risk Management. In this position he will utilise the experience he has obtained as the senior manager in the European Nuclear Forum, as well as in his previous job position as the head of General Director's office in SE. (author)

  13. FluBlok, a recombinant hemagglutinin influenza vaccine

    OpenAIRE

    Cox, Manon M.J.; Patriarca, Peter A.; Treanor, John

    2008-01-01

    Abstract  FluBlok, a recombinant trivalent hemagglutinin (HA) vaccine produced in insect cell culture using the baculovirus expression system, provides an attractive alternative to the current egg‐based trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) manufacturing process. FluBlok contains three times more HA than TIV and does not contain egg‐protein or preservatives. This review discusses the four main clinical studies that were used to support licensure of FluBlok under the ‘Accelerated Appro...

  14. Pavol Rusko brings up Mochovce again

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Minister of Economy of the Slovak Republic Pavol Rusko would like to see the power plant in Mochovce finished. Press agency SITA quoted his statement that in case of privatisation of Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s., Bratislava investor should be searched that would be willing to complete the third and fourth blocks of the nuclear power plant. Last week a tender for sale of a 49-percent stake in SE was repeatedly launched when a privatisation advertisement was published in local and international press. Through a resolution announced last summer the cabinet allowed other companies to participate in the tender (as a reaction interest shown by Czech CEZ). CEZ would be interested in all areas of SE and not only in its conventional part as the other prospects. It is well possible that the number of prospects interested in nuclear energy may increase. Boss of SE, Miroslav Rapsik shares this view and last week announced that there would be probably at least two or three prospects that may be interested in SE as a whole. Amongst them some Russian companies. General Manager and Chairman of Board of Directors, Jaroslav Mil does not wasn't to speculate on under what conditions CEZ may agree with completing of Mochovce. He adds that building any source of nuclear power anywhere in Europe is very difficult without a clear support of wide political spectrum of the specific country. And he needs another assurance: that the cabinet would guarantee that it would eliminate all political pressure from side of the European Union.' In regards to a semi-finished source, according to J. Mil, it made a difference whether this was offered free or with all the fixed costs. 'First we have to see the figures,' he adds. Works on the third and fourth block were stopped in 1992 due to lack of funds. Based on the advise of privatisation advisor the semi-finished blocks were taken out of the privatisation. According to latest analysis the finalization would cost up to 43 billion Sk (1.04 billion

  15. The seismic reassessment Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design of Mochovce NPP was based on the Novo-Voronez type WWER-440/213 reactor - twin units. Seismic characteristic of this region is characterized by very low activity. Mochovce NPP site is located on the rock soil with volcanic layer (andesit). Seismic reassessment of Mochovce NPP was done in two steps: deterministic approach up to commissioning confirmed value Horizontal Peak Ground Acceleration HPGA=0.1 g and activities after commissioning as a consequence of the IAEA mission indicate higher hazard values. (author)

  16. ANALIZA SIMULINKOVIH PROGRAMSKIH MODELOV VETRNIH ELEKTRARN

    OpenAIRE

    Kralj, Klement

    2015-01-01

    Namen diplomskega dela je analiza Simulinkovih programskih modelov vetrnih elektrarn. Predstavljeni so različni modeli vetrnih elektrarn, od takih z generatorjem s kratkostično kletko, sinhronskim pa do dvojno napajanega asinhronskega generatorja. Najprej smo preučili parameter posameznega modela ter ugotovili kdaj ga lahko uporabimo. Zatem smo izvedli simulacije različnih obratovalnih stanj. Bila je izvedena podrobna analiza fazorskega in dinamičnega modela dvojno napajanega asinhronskega g...

  17. Vpliv vetrnih elektrarn na stabilnost elektroenergetskega sistema

    OpenAIRE

    GYOEFI, TOMI

    2014-01-01

    V diplomskem delu so, na podlagi literature, analizirane dinamične lastnosti različnih tipov vetrnih elektrarn v elektroenergetskem sistemu. Namen dela je ponuditi pregled generacije vetrne energije, pri katerem je poudarek na vplivu vetrnih elektrarn na stabilnost elektroenergetskega sistema. Podani so osnovni mehanizmi delovanja asinhronskega generatorja, dvojno napajanega asinhronskega generatorja in sinhronskega generatorja s pretvornikom, njihovo tranzientno obratovanje in zmožnost...

  18. Restructuring of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s., and future of Slovak energetics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present position of Slovenske elektrarne, a. s., Bratislava (SE) before its privatisation is presented. Privatisation of SE will be encumbered by problematic spheres, which no potential investor is interested in. E.g. nuclear devices operation and also specifically solution of questions connected with liquidation of A-1, laying up of V-1, completing of the third and the fourth block in Mochovce, encumbered by old debt as well as making the largest water energy centre in Gabcikovo operational, limited by international contract with Hungary by international court decision. Czech CEZ, a.s. was interested in purchase of SE as last, encouraged by considerations about possible advantages of re-fusion of Czech and Slovak energetics. It can be expected the decrease of installed output in SE sources (about in 1400 MW) after 2006 in consequence of early laying up of some production capacities, e.g. Bohunice NPP V-1

  19. VERJETNOSTNE VARNOSTNE ANALIZE JEDRSKE ELEKTRARNE V ZAUSTAVITVI

    OpenAIRE

    Antončič, Mitja

    2016-01-01

    Pričujoča magistrska naloga obravnava verjetnostne varnostne analize jedrske elektrarne v zaustavitvenih stanjih. Verjetnostne varnostne analize so namenjene ocenjevanju in izboljšanju varnosti kompleksnih sistemov, tudi jedrskih elektrarn. Skozi analizo izvemo možne neželene dogodke, do katerih lahko pride v sistemu, verjetnost nastopa teh dogodkov, način njihovega razvoja in končne posledice. Na podlagi analize lahko določimo pomembnost posameznih komponent, kar je koristna informacija pri ...

  20. Safety culture at Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article presents the approach of Mochovce NPP to the Safety culture. It presents activities, which have been taken by Mochovce NPP up to date in the area of Safety culture enhancement with the aim of getting the term into the subconscious of each employee, and thus minimising the human factor impact on occurrence of operational events in all safety areas. The article furthermore presents the most essential information on how the elements characterising a continuous progress in reaching the planned Safety culture goals of the company management have been implemented at Mochovce NPP, as well as the management's efforts to get among the best nuclear power plant operators in this area and to be an example for the others. (author)

  1. Implementation of the severe accident management in Slovenske Elektrarne, subsidiary of ENEL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Implementation of the Severe Accident Management (SAM) in Slovenske Elektrarne, subsidiary of ENEL, is a process initiated well before the Fukushima Daiichi accident. The main goal was to cover, comprehensively, level 4 of the Defense in Depth (DiD). The process included development of plant specific severe accident management guidelines (SAMGs) and installation of hardware modifications dedicated to mitigation of severe accidents as an upgrade the original VVER-440/V213. The SAM modifications have been developed with the aim to address all main generic vulnerabilities of VVER-440/V213 containments identified during initial analysis supporting the development of plant specific SAMGs. SAM modifications, in addition to their original purpose, improved plant response also at the level 3 of DiD. SAM modifications installed on VVER-440/V213 units in operation or under construction in Slovakia can be considered as an independent and diverse provision for the main safety functions: core subcriticality, core heat removal and confinement integrity. Basic set of SAM modifications includes independent diesel generator (DG), independent external source of borated water and containment vacuum breaker. Major contribution to safety from SAM modifications has been proved to be the implementation of in-vessel retention, hydrogen management in the containment and reliable depressurization of RCS. The complete set of SAM modifications installed incorporates dedicated SAM I and C to allow for determination and monitoring of plant status via dedicated instrumentation and control of SAM equipment installed at plants during a severe accident. SAM project including updating of SAMGs has been successfully completed on both units of Bohunice NPP and respective activities are continuing on operating units no. 1 and 2 in Mochovce with expected deadline in 2015. The basic design of Mochovce units no. 3 and 4 that are under construction has been modified to incorporate hardware changes

  2. Mochovce NPP safety improvement programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The approach of the Mochovce nuclear power plant to nuclear safety improvement is highlighted. The solution of major safety problems is described for the following areas: general problems, reactor core, component integrity, technological systems, instrumentation and control system, electrical systems, containment, internal risks, external risks, accident analyses, operation. (author)

  3. Safety upgrading program in NPP Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EMO interest is to operate only nuclear power plants with high standards of nuclear safety. This aim EMO declare on preparation completion and commissioning of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant. Wide co-operation of our company with International Atomic Energy Agency and west European Inst.ions and companies has been started with aim to fulfil the nuclear safety requirements for Mochovce NPP. Set of 87 safety measures was implemented at Mochovce Unit 1 and is under construction at Unit 2. Mochovce NPP approach to safety upgrading implementation is showed on chosen measures. This presentation is focused on the issues category III.(author)

  4. Modeliranje nove jedrske elektrarne tipa AP1000

    OpenAIRE

    GERJEVIČ, GREGA

    2015-01-01

    Diplomsko delo zajema primerjavo rezultatov simulacije male izlivne nezgode s programskim orodjem Advanced PWR simulator z rezultati, ki jih je opravilo podjetje Westinghouse v testnem objektu APEX-1000. V prvem delu diplomskega dela sta opisana primarni in sekundarni sistem, ki se bistveno ne razlikujeta od sistemov ostalih jedrskih elektrarn. Nato sledi opis pasivnih varnostnih sistemov, po katerih je AP1000 znana. Sledi splošen opis izlivne nezgode, simulacijskega orodja in potek simul...

  5. OE Management at Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant, Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Brief description of nuclear facility. Slovenske elektrarne - ENEL utility operates two nuclear power plants in southern Slovakia - Bohunice and Mochovce nuclear power plants. Both plants are of the same design (WWER 440/V213). The Mochovce plant operates two units; Unit 1 has supplied electricity to the network since 1998, and Unit 2 since 2000. The Mochovce units rank among the newest WWER 440/V 213 nuclear blocks and benefit from all the improvements already made at the plant. Overview of OE arrangements. The basic management expectations concerning the OE programme are defined by the utility's policy. Assessment of the effectiveness of the OE programme is performed locally at the plant and independently at the utility level. This utility assessment serves as input to overall improvement process of OE programme at the plant. Management arrangements. The IAEA performed a pre-OSART mission in 1994 before the Mochovce plant began operation. Based on the recommendations of the mission, the Mochovce plant established an OE programme and an organizational structure to support it. The plant operation started with a fully functioning OE system. The plant director is responsible for implementation of an effective OE programme, in accordance with the national regulatory body requirements, WANO and IAEA expectations and the utility's policy. The OE programme owner is head of the safety division, who ensures that reported events and near misses are screened and analysed, and that corrective actions are taken with regard to the safety significance of the problem. Implementation of daily activities connected with the OE programme, screening, investigation of events, assessment of effective implementation of the corrective actions taken, assessment of OE programme effectiveness through performance indicators, and updating information in the OE database are the responsibility of head of the OE section. The section is located in the Safety Division and consists of

  6. Completion of the VVER 440/213 NPP Mochovce incorporation enhanced safety features

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The cooperation between the western countries and the countries of ex-eastern block in the field of nuclear safety is recent and still limited. The main reasons for this situation are limited or non existent capabilities of these countries for financing as well as non acceptable legal conditions concerning the third party nuclear liability in this part of Europe. Nevertheless, Framatome and Siemens associated in the consortium named EUCOM, have signed in April 1996 the contract of about 100 million US dollars with Slovak electricity company (SLOVENSKE ELEKTRARNE-SE) for upgrading the Units 1 and 2 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant according to the western safety standards. This is the first important project involving west-european companies in the modernisation of Russian type of pressurized water reactor (VVER 440/213). The consortium will cooperate with other partners involved in the project: Slovak, Czech and Russian. The financing of the project will be provided mainly form Slovak and Czech sources. The safety upgrading will be financed through French and German buyer credits. French company Electricite de France (EDF) will be the consultant for SE. The safety upgrading measures have been elaborated taking into account the recommendation of Vienna International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the evaluation of the safety realised by RISKAUDIT, the common organization of German and French safety authorities (GSR and IPSN). Hence all guaranties have been taken to fulfil the western safety criteria for Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce. (author)

  7. POŽARNA VARNOST FOTOVOLTAIČNIH ELEKTRARN

    OpenAIRE

    Cerjak, Mitja

    2014-01-01

    V Sloveniji se hitro povečuje število fotovoltaičnih elektrarn, ki so vgrajene na stavbah, hkrati pa se s hitrim napredkom te tehnologije postavi vprašanje tudi glede požarne varnosti. Cilj te diplomske naloge je predstavitev delovanja fotovoltaične elektrarne, v ta del spadajo osnove fotovoltaike, sestavni deli in zaščitni elementi elektrarne. Teoretično smo predstavili osnove požarne varnosti, kot so teorija gorenja, odkrivanje, javljanje in gašenje požara, ter požarno-gradbene zahteve. V ...

  8. NPP Mochovce nuclear safety enhancement program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plant Mochovce is currently under construction and an extensive nuclear safety enhancement programme is under way. The upgrading and modifications are based on IAEA documents and on those of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic. Based on a contract concluded with Riskaudit from the CEC, safety examinations of the Mochovce design were performed. An extensive list of technical specifications of safety measures is given. (M.D.)

  9. ENEL Slovenske elektrarne. Annual report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the ENEL Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) in 2006 year is presented. These activities are reported under the following headings: (1) Evaluation Report and Foreword of the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) SE, a.s., Board of Directors in 2006; (3) SE, a.s., Supervisory Board in 2006; (4) The year in brief; (5) SE, a.s., Organisation Structure; (6) Company stakes; (7) Company strategy; (8) Electricity and heat generation; (9) Trade in electricity, support services and heat; (10) Investments; (11) Nuclear safety; (12) Occupational health and safety and fi re protection; (13) Environment; (14) Human resources; (15) Report on Financial Statements and Performance of the Company; (16) Auditor's report; (17) Abbreviations

  10. Welcome on the Slovenske elektrarne board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the aims of Human Resources Division of Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. is to ensure suitable working conditions for new comers for their fast adaptation in the new working environment, in our company. On the other hand, achieving the attitude of an employee, which may be defined by a phrase 'He/she is the Group Member' belongs to the priorities of the Enel Leadership Model. We will not reach for this attitude and behaviour corresponding to it on the first day, when the new comer starts working. Effective set up of the whole adaptation process in he first thee months and following steps are very important, so that we may show the new employee that we do care about him/her. (author)

  11. ENEL Slovenske elektrarne is saving the Tatras

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Despite a several-years effort for change, the number of chamois and marmots is dropping down in our Tatras. Scientologists are monitoring impairing environment of biotopes (from Greek bios - life, topos - location) - the symbols of Slovakia and of the High Tatras. Among the specialists there is also Pavel Ballo, an employee of the Slovak Museum of Nature Protection and Speleology in Liptovsky Mikulas, who is systematically monitoring marmots through the satellite navigation GPS (Global Positioning System). At a press conference of ENEL Slovenske elektrarne and TANAP, organized at the occasion of the European Day of National and Natural Parks held on May 24, he informed on negative effects on chamois and marmots. (author)

  12. Teledosimetry system of Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On-site monitoring posts, inner circuit there are installed 16 detectors for measuring dose rates in a circle line inside the power plant site at the distances between approximately 200 m and 520 m from the exhaust air stack of Mochovce-1,2 NPP. The technical versions of all these measuring posts are from the same type On-site are installed 3 large containers for measuring gamma dose rate and activity concentration of aerosols and iodine too. Off-site monitoring posts at places of living consist of 16 small containers with dose rate measurements and iodine sampling units and 8 large containers with dose rate measurement and aerosol and iodine monitoring unit. Three of these large containers are installed nearby the NPP inside the fence of the NPP area. The technical version of these measuring posts are from the same type. Five of these containers are installed faraway of the NPP outside the fence of the NPP. These five posts are from the same type. The process data is continuously acquired, stored and processed by the Central Radiological Computer System of the power plant. The tele-dosimetry system data are a main part of the radiological information system, which continuously provide the information of the measurements and evaluate possible radiological consequences. (author)

  13. STRELOVODNA ZAŠČITA SONČNIH ELEKTRARN

    OpenAIRE

    Vasilić, Dejan

    2011-01-01

    V diplomskem delu so predstavljene vse zaščite fotovoltaičnih elektrarn pred udarom strele. Strelovodna zaščita skrbi za odvod strele mimo ščitenih objektov. V tem primeru so to sončni moduli, ki so najdražji element sončne elektrarne. Prenapetostna zaščita nam omogoča, da tudi po udaru strele ne pride do poškodb materiala kablov, razsmernikov in drugih elementov, ki so sestavni del sončne elektrarne. Opisano je načrtovanje in preizkušanje obeh zgoraj navedenih strelovodnih zaščit.Kot dodatno...

  14. Vpliv sončnih elektrarn na napetostni profil

    OpenAIRE

    Zupanc, Karel

    2013-01-01

    Z vključevanjem sončnih fotonapetostnih elektrarn v elektroenergetski sistem lahko vplivamo na smer pretoka moči in posledično napetostni profil vzdolž nizkonapetostnega omrežja. Cilj magistrskega dela je bil na podlagi meritev in analitičnega orodja prepoznati ter ovrednotiti eventualne negativne vplive na napetostni profil. Ugotovili smo, da sončne fotonapetostne elektrarne na obravnavanem področju vplivajo na napetostni profil, vendar v mejah dovoljenega. To pa ne pomeni, da negativne...

  15. Slovakia: Mochovce NPP. Project control. Annex 10

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex deals with project control. Mochovce NPP suffered considerable delay primarily due to lack of money. This situation was corrected and construction resumed in 1996. Throughout the 'dormant' period the plant received considerable support from the major contractors, who maintained skeleton staff at site. Significant safety and managerial improvements are being introduced and a strategic plan for the plant has been developed. (author)

  16. SISTEM SONČNE ELEKTRARNE - PROGRAMSKA OPREMA PROCESORSKE KARTE

    OpenAIRE

    Tašner, Gregor

    2012-01-01

    V sklopu izdelave sistema sončne elektrarne je bila izdelana in nadgrajena programska oprema enostopenjskega DC-AC pretvornika, ki je sestavljen iz dveh pretvornikov navzgor. Prednosti enostopenjskega pretvornika sta uporaba minimalnega števila elementov ter čista sinusna napetost na izhodu. Programska oprema teče na digitalnem signalnem krmilniku TMS320F2812, njena osnovna funkcija je regulacija in nadzor pretvornika. Zaradi lažjega preizkušanja raznih algoritmov vodenja je izvedena komunika...

  17. Regulatory requirements for demonstration of the achieved safety level at the Mochovce NPP before commissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review of regulatory requirements for demonstration of the achieved safety level at the Mochovce NPP before commissioning is given. It contains licensing steps in Slovakia during commissioning; Status and methodology of Mochovce safety analysis report; Mochovce NPP safety enhancement program; Regulatory body policy towards Mochovce NPP safety enhancement; Recent development in Mochovce pre-operational safety enhancement program review and assessment process; Licensing steps in Slovakia during commissioning

  18. Mochovce NPP safety improvement and completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    6th Nuclear society information meeting dealt with the completion of the Mochovce NPP with regard to implementation of safety measures. It was aimed to next problems: I. 'Survey' presentation on the situation of the nuclear power industry in partner countries; II. Basic technical presentations; III. Presentations of operators of the other VVER 440/213 NPPs on their activities in the field of safety improvement in relation to IAEA recommendations; IV. Technical solutions of safety improvements ranked with IAEA degree 3 (Report SC 108 VVER); V: Technical solutions of selected Safety Measures ranked with IAEA degree 2 and 1 (Report SC 108 VVER)

  19. ZASNOVA IN DIMENZIONIRANJE HELIOSTATA SONČNE ELEKTRARNE

    OpenAIRE

    Belak, Katja

    2014-01-01

    Sonce v eni uri obseva Zemljo s takšno močjo , kot je potreba celotnega sveta po elektriki za eno leto. Diplomsko delo opisuje delovanje sonca, zgodovino, razvoj in solarne energije ter dimenzioniranje heliostata sončne elektrarne. Heliostat je računalniško vodena naprava, ki je sestavljena iz jeklene konstrukcije in ogledal, ki sledi soncu in odseva sončne žarke na sprejemno točko, ponavadi v obliki stolpa. Heliostati se uporabljajo pri koncentrirani sončni energiji pri sistemu sončnega st...

  20. Mochovce NPP unit 1 and 2 completion project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    History of Mochovce NPP is quite long and reflects political changes that happened in Europe in the end of 80'ties. The plant site was chosen in south-west of Slovakia in the frame of Nuclear Industry Development Plan adopted by former Czechoslovak government in 70'ties. In that time was decided to build in Mochovce four VVER 440/213 units together with other NPP's (Dukovany, Temelin, Kecerovce)

  1. Mochovce power plant units 3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report gives the basic technical data and history of the construction of the units 3 and 4 of the Mochovce NPP.The current status of the units completion according to the original plan is: civil part - 70%; mechanical part - 30%; electric and IC equipment - 1%. Strategic plan for the preservation of the units 3 and 4 has been developed in accordance with TECDOC-1110. In implementation of the plan preservation activities are performed for the components located and built-in on the site and in storehouses. Preservation with dryers and protective coatings is applied. The factors of possible component degradation are determined. Ventilation components are used for improving the climate conditions in the primary part of the reactor building. Temperature and humidity measurements are done and temperature control is set. Special pre-service inspections beyond the basic scope of preservation and protection works are conducted of steam generator and reactor pressure vessel. The implementation of the design data protection and enhancement is discussed. The feasibility study of units 3 and 4 completion funding has been developed in 2002

  2. Interpreting discourse: a critical discourse analysis of the marketing of an extreme right party: the Vlaams Blok/Vlaams Belang

    OpenAIRE

    Moufahim, Mona

    2008-01-01

    This thesis develops an in-depth understanding of a specific case at the intersection of extreme right politics, marketing and language. More specifically, the research focuses on a Flemish extreme right party, the Vlaams Blok/Vlaams Belang which provides a rich site of enquiry for the analysis of political communications, marketing strategies and discursive processes. Critical discourse analysis of the verbal and visual elements of Vlaams Blok/Vlaams Belang publications reveals, on three lev...

  3. Polish media and public opinion on NPP Mochovce commissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The so called 'Mochovce Problem' was one of the major topics in Polish media in the period from May to July 1998. The nuclear power plant commissioning caused an unexpectedly strong reaction, especially in the newspapers, slightly less so in electronic media. Faced with clearly hostile media reaction to Mochovce NPP, the National Atomic Energy Agency representatives, together with atomic and nuclear experts, undertook to change these attitudes. In numerous interviews, letters to the editors and talks with journalists, they attempted to correct the mistakes, explain the true safety situation in the nuclear power plant, by whom it was constructed, who supervised and tested the systems and so on. The completion of Mochovce NPP construction improved significantly the electricity balance in Slovakia, thus decreasing the pressure for continuing the operation of older Bohunice V1 units beyond their design lifetime. For this reason, as well as in view of striving for improvement in environmental factors beyond Polish southern border, especially after Kyoto/97 decisions on greenhouse gases emissions, the public opinion in Poland should support the Mochovce NPP construction. In 1996 Poland has signed with Slovakia a bilateral inter-governmental agreement on the prompt notification on nuclear accidents and on the cooperation in the nuclear safety and radiological protection matters. On the basis of this agreement the experts from Polish National Atomic Energy Agency are in perpetual contact with Slovakian Nuclear Regulatory Body and in each and every moment can obtain full and comprehensive information on the plant parameters iportant for nuclear safety. The experts explanations, together with the NAEA top management visit to the plant itself, brought some results. The media became less aggressive, and Polish public and authorities - contrary to the Austrians - do not protest loudly against the commissioning of this newest European NPP. Now, in December 1998, the tune of

  4. Preparation of physics commissioning of Mochovce units 3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Project 'Mochovce Units 3 and 4 Completion' started in 2009 and it will be finished in 2013. VUJE, Inc. is one of the five main Project contractors for the Nuclear Island and it is responsible, inter alia, for Mochovce Units 3 and 4 commissioning. The commissioning of Units 3 and 4 includes the stages of Physics Commissioning and Power Commissioning. This paper deals with the preparation of Mochovce Units 3 and 4 Physics Commissioning. In the paper there is presented a preparation of some commissioning documents, e.g. 'Quality Assurance Programme', 'Commissioning Programme', 'Stage Programme for Physics Commissioning', 'Test working programmes', 'Neutron-physics characteristics for Physics and Power Commissioning', etc. The scope of Physics Commissioning is presented by list of tests. For assessment of tests results so-called three-level acceptance criteria will be applied: realization, design and safety criteria. In the paper there are also presented computer codes, which will be used for neutron-physics characteristics calculation and the fuel loading scheme for the reactor core of Mochovce Unit 3. (Authors)

  5. Safety culture at the Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The approach of the Mochovce nuclear power plant to the safety culture issue is highlighted. Activities performed so far at the plant to improve the plant safety culture with a view to enhancing the awareness of each employee and thus to minimize the effect of the human factor on the evolution of incidents and accidents at the plant are described. (author)

  6. Mochovce NPP 3,4 completion at the scratch line

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article describes the chronology construction of the Mochovce NPP Units 3 and 4. Initial research and technical studies, preparatory works, important decisions, Slovak government involvement are described. Importance of the Nuclear Regulation Authority of the Slovak Republic decision is discussed. (author)

  7. NAČRTOVANJE FOTOVOLTAIČNE ELEKTRARNE IN ANALIZA REZULTATOV ELEKTRIČNE PROIZVODNJE

    OpenAIRE

    Novak, Tomaž

    2013-01-01

    Diplomska naloga opisuje problem slabega izkoriščanja obnovljivih virov energije. Opisani so obnovljivi viri energije, pri tem pa so izpostavljene fotonapetostne celice (solarne celice in moduli). V diplomski nalogi je predstavljen celoten potek načrtovanja sončne elektrarne. Predstavljeno je načrtovanje, izvedba in postavitev elektrarne, na kaj je potrebno paziti, kakšna je potrebna dokumentacija in kakšni so stroški. Potek dela je opisan po stopnjah, od pridobivanja dokumentacije, do končne...

  8. MOŽNOST IZGRADNJE MALE VETRNE ELEKTRARNE NA ŽITNEM SILOSU INTES

    OpenAIRE

    Knuplež, Matjaž

    2012-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava možnost izgradnje male vetrne elektrarne na žitnem silosu Intes v Mariboru. V začetnih poglavjih diplomskega dela so predstavljeni zgodovina vetrnih elektrarn, meteorološki pogoji in energija vetra. Prikazani sta prirast hitrosti vetra z višino in hrapavost okolice za predvideno lokacijo. Predstavljene so razmere in stanje na področju obnovljivih virov v Sloveniji. Obravnavane so tudi različne vrste in izvedbe vetrnih turbin. Podane so karakteristike izbrane vetr...

  9. EDF Contribution to the Mochovce completion and safety upgrading project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The challenge that SE a.s. took up in April 1996 to start Mochovce units 1 and 2 within a very demanding time frame and in satisfactory conditions is on the way to being wined. EMO managed to put in place an organisation able to ensure the continuity of the design and construction works and to integrate the requirements of modern safety. EDF is proud and happy to contribute to this effort by making available its expertise and experience in building and operating nuclear power plants. The success of Mochovce will not only contribute to the Slovak electricity needs coverage, but will be the first demonstration of a soviet design nuclear power plant brought to international safety standards. (author)

  10. On acceptance criteria for Mochovce startup physical tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paper is focused on new acceptance criteria for physical startup tests of Mochovce Units 1, 2. The acceptance criteria are discussed at the stage of their development. The acceptance criteria determination is based on statistical processing of differences between the experimental and theoretical values of neutron-physical characteristics. The experimental values were taken from physical startup tests of Bohunice Unit 1, 2 and 4 and Dukovany Unit 1 - 4. The theoretical values were calculated by code BIPR-7. The acceptance criteria were established for critical boron concentration, core loading symmetry measurement, boric acid worth, temperature reactivity coefficient, 'ejected' control rod worth, pressure reactivity coefficient and power reactivity coefficient. The new acceptance criteria were applied to evaluate results of physical startup tests of Mochovce Unit 1 in June 1998. The acceptance criteria showed to be adequate. The summary results of statistical processing and the comparison of earlier, new and US acceptance criteria for physical startup tests are presented.(Authors)

  11. Development of PSA projects for Mochovce NPP Unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the Mochovce NPP safety measurements project realisation, a list of totally 87 safety measures grouped according their purposes to reach recent international requirements on nuclear safety and reliability was elaborated. In this paper an overview of the Mochovce NPP safety measures is given and it is stressed on the measures related to the PSA (AA-08 - Shutdown and Low Power PSA (SPSA) and AA-10 - Full Power PSA Level 1). The scope of PSA level 1 and SPSA projects developed for Unit 1 are described and the main results are discussed. The Core Damage Frequency (CDF) calculation, contribution of the IEs to the shutdown CDF (total CDF=3.83E-06/year) and to the full power CDF (total CDF=1.66E-04/year) are shown. The developed PSA models can be adopted in the future for the following purposes: living PSA; real time risk monitoring; technical specifications and STIs optimization; level 2 PSA

  12. Safety culture at the Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The approach taken by the Mochovce NPP management to safety culture is described. Activities implemented at the plant since 1986 with the aim to enhance the safety culture level through each employee's firm awareness of the safety culture issue and so to minimize the impact of the human factor on operational events in all safety areas are highlighted. The approach to safety culture at the plant was ultimately reflected in the culture of the whole company. (orig.)

  13. Influence of exploitation of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, January 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of radiation monitoring on the Mochovce NPP, Mochovce Radioactive Waste Repository and in the vicinity are presented. The radioactive effluents from the Mochovce NPP into atmosphere within January 2005 were: 1.77 TBq (14.7% of annually limit (AL)) of tritium; 2.56 MBq (0.23% AL) of corrosive and fission products; 0.406 TBq (0.010% of AL) of rare gases; 0.357 MBq (0.00021% of AL) of aero-soles; and 56.8 kBq (0.00008% of AL) of iodine-131. Average dose equivalent rates during January 2005 in the vicinity as well as in the Mochovce NPP and in the Mochovce Radioactive Waste Repository are included

  14. Slovak power stations, Nuclear Power Plants Mochovce (Annual report 1997)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Nuclear power plants Mochovce in 1997 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Director's foreword; (2) Power plant management; (3) Highlights of 1997; (4) Capital construction; (5) Nuclear safety; (6) Radiation safety; (7) Work safety and health protection at work; (9) Fire protection; (10) Units upgrading - safety measures; (11) Maintenance; (12) Operation; (13) Environmental impacts of operations; (14) List of balances; (15) Human sources; (16) International co-operation; (17) Public relations

  15. Completion of Mochovce 1 and 2 nuclear power plant project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Commissioning of the Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant unit 2 fully completed the Mochovce unit 1 and 2 project. The power plant construction passed through a complicated evolution since early 80's. The genesis started with the change of the plant location due to a seismic resistance requirement raised by the former Czechoslovak Atomic Energy Commission, change of the design and contractor of the Instrumentation and Control system in early 90's, halt of construction in 1993 till 1996 due to a lack of funding, as well as a series of international reviews of safety aspects. All the obstacles had been overcome in the end, and completion works were re-started in 1996. Looking back to the unit 1 and 2 completion project, I would like to highlight some aspects of the project, particularly the level of safety, technical and organisational conditions, and terms of funding. The most important argument for completion of the plant was that VVER 440/213 reactor units were distinguished with very high level of passive safety, even overcoming Western-type PWR's in some aspects. The replacement of the original I and C system was another important contribution to the initial level of safety. International safety reviews performed at Mochovce NPP between 1990 and 1995 (Siemens, EdF, IAEA, RlSKAUDIT) confirmed the high level of safety of VVER 440/213 reactors, however, pointed out at some safety issues which had not been dealt with in the design. Those included e.g. the 'external risks', primary-to-secondary leaks, qualification of pressurizer safety valves, and others. It is necessary to stress that the Safety Improvement Programme defined for Mochovce NPP to comply with international standards did not become the most important part of the completion project due to external pressures, but based on natural requirements on nuclear power plant safety level generally accepted in 90's. The good example could be the seismic resistance of the plant which, though designed as seismic resistant

  16. Feasibility study for NPP Mochovce Units 3 and 4 completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The system dynamic approach presented in this study by modelling the behaviour of Slovak market on the basis of system dynamic model (Forrester model), enables real mix in the extend of 12 years and helps understanding of the market limits. In addition this tool can be used for sensitivity calculations depending on many parameters to develop possible trends in the economic development of the Slovak Republic. If both nuclear power options are maintained then it becomes obvious that electric excess energy is produced and could be exported. This export option remains for the situation that a strong growth of the gross national product is assumed without any increase in energy efficiency. Between these extremes is the scenario that Bohunice 1, 2 off is balanced by Mochovce 3, 4 on and increasing demand this will lead to more moderate but still not negligible potential of CO2 increase. Switching off Bohunice 1, 2 and not switching on Mochovce 3, 4 leads to energy need which must be counterbalanced either by investments in other power plants or by import energy. As far as domestic production is concerned even assuming 50 % CHP production leads to partly remarkable additional CO2-production which might infringe on a long term basis with the Kyoto goals. Assuming additional CO2-emissions from increasing traffic real problems can be expected in such a case. To maintain national nuclear capabilities in Slovakia is very important for today and for future of nuclear energy option in enlarged European Union. (authors)

  17. Actual status of project Mochovce NPP units 3 and 4 completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with actual status of project Mochovce NPP units 3 and 4 completion. Present state of Mochovce NPP, Units 3 and 4 enables real assumption to completion. It is expected that such supplier companies can be used which are experienced in field of nuclear projects. Based on budget of 2002, it seems that completion costs of 45 billions SKK are real. These figures were confirmed by study performed by TRACTEBEL in 2004. Based on experience from Bohunice NPP completion as well as from Mochovce NPP, Units 1 and 2 completion and if decision milestone and project start up deadlines will be observed according to modified preliminary schedule of Mochovce NPP Units 3 and 4 completion, it seems as real that Unit 3 will be completed till 06/2011 and Unit 4 - till 12/2011.

  18. Geodesy work during the Mochovce nuclear power plant construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A draft is described of starting geodesy points for the delineation of deforestation of the Mochovce site and for the detailed layout of rough ground grading. Later, a basic layout of control points was suggested that was gradually implemented in line with the progress of building work on the main site. The layout of foundations was done using the polar method and instrumentation by Kern. A rectangular layout micro-network was set out on the foundation slabs of the main production units to serve a detailed layout of the buildings. A large part of geodesy measurements is used as complementary measurements for producing the basic map of the plant. (E.J.). 3 figs

  19. On acceptance criteria for Mochovce startup physical tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New acceptance criteria are discussed for physical startup tests of Mochovce Units 1, 2, at the stage of their development. The acceptance criteria determination is based on statistical processing of differences between the experimental and theoretical values of neutron-physical characteristics. The experimental values were taken from physical startup tests of Bohunice Unit 1, 2 and 4 and Dukovany Unit 1 - 4. The theoretical values were calculated by code BIPR-7. The acceptance criteria were established for critical boron concentration, core loading symmetry measurement, boric acid worth, temperature reactivity coefficient, 'ejected' control rod worth, pressure reactivity coefficient and power reactivity coefficient. The new acceptance criteria were applied to evaluate results of physical startup tests of Mochove Unit 1 in June 1998. The acceptance criteria showed to be adequate. The summary results of statistical processing and the comparison of earlier, new and US acceptance criteria for physical startup tests are presented. (author)

  20. Uporaba bionike pri razvoju kompozitnih sestavnih delov vetrne elektrarne EKO 50 kW

    OpenAIRE

    Tisaj, Tomaž

    2013-01-01

    Diplomsko delo prikazuje proces oblikovanja sestavnih delov vetrne elektrarne s pomočjo znanja strojništva, inženirskega oblikovanja in bionike. Z metodami inženirskega oblikovanja in bio-dizajna iz narave izberemo najprimernejše ter najbolj učinkovite oblikovne in konstrukcijske rešitve za vetrno elektrarno EKO 50kW. V tem procesu dobimo dovolj natančne rezultate, da se lahko te izbrane smernice uporabi kot osnovo pri proizvodnji sestavnih delov za dotično vetrno elektrarno, a kljub temu dov...

  1. Exposure management in emergency preparedness and planning at Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The legal requirements on emergency preparedness come from Acts of Slovak republic as the Act on State Safety Supervision of Nuclear Facilities, The Act on Civil Protection of population and the Act on Protection of Public Health. The operating organization, regulatory bodies and public authorities shall cooperate to prepare emergency plans according to these Acts in which the contents and conditions of the emergency planning are specified, exercises and reviews are demanded. On-site emergency plan with Emergency Plan Implementing procedures are the basic documents for emergency planning on NPP Management of response to emergency including exposure management shall be handled by Emergency Response Organization. There are the centers at which management is present during the emergency at NPP Mochovce: - Main Control Room; - Emergency Control Room; -Emergency Control Center; - Operational Support Center; - Technical Support Center; - Information Center; - Off-site Assessment Centre. NPP Mochovce owns facilities and equipment for the permanent environment monitoring at site and within the 20 km emergency planning zones. The major tasks of the Emergency Response Organization, which are carried out in compliance with defined procedures after an extraordinary event, are as follows: - assessment of extraordinary events; - warning and notification of the plant personal and population in the surroundings; - analysis and evaluation of on-site radiation situation; - exposure management; - taking measures for protection of the workforce (turn-back dose); - coordination of the activities of monitoring teams in environment; - coordination of the rescue teams (turn-back dose); - recommendations for public protection; - implementation of activities to remove the extraordinary event and to return to a safe state. Events are ranked in the Emergency Plan in compliance with their radiological consequences as follows: - 1. Degree - 'the alert state'; - 2.Degree; - 'On-site Emergency

  2. Readiness of the Mochovce NPP for unit 1 start-up with regards to meeting the requirements for increased safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A safety and reliability of operation of NPP type VVER 440/213, differences between Mochovce NPP and other VVER 440/213 NPPs contributing to the safety improvement, organization of the completion works of Mochovce NPP units 1 and technical condition of the installations are discussed

  3. Influence of exploitation of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, March 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of radiation monitoring on the Mochovce NPP, Mochovce Radioactive Waste Repository and in the vicinity are presented. The radioactive effluents from Mochovce NPP into atmosphere within March 2005 were: 0.962 TBq of tritium; 2.07 MBq of corrosive and fission products; 0.431 TBq of rare gases; 0.20 MBq aero-soles; and 20.0 kBq of iodine-131. For the period January -March 2005 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represents for tritium 2.903 TBq (24.2% of annually limit (AL)); 7.66 MBq (0.70% of AL) for corrosive and fission products; 1.296 TBq (0.032% of AL) for rare gases; 0.85 MBq (0.032% of AL) for aero-soles; and 80.0 kBq for iodine-131 (0.001% of AL). Average dose equivalent rates during March 2005 in the vicinity as well as in the Mochovce NPP and in the Mochovce Radioactive Waste Repository are included

  4. Influence of exploitation of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, February 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of radiation monitoring on the NPP Mochovce, Mochovce Radioactive Waste Repository and in the vicinity are presented. The radioactive effluents from Mochovce NPP into atmosphere within February 2005 were: 0.174 TBq of tritium; 3.07 MBq of corrosive and fission products; 0.459 TBq of rare gases; 0.318 MBq aero-soles; and 12.3 kBq of iodine-131. For the period January - February 2005 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represents for tritium 1.94 TBq (16.2% of annually limit (AL)); 5.59 MBq (0.5% of AL) for corrosive and fission products; 0.865 TBq (0.021% of AL) for rare gases; 0.643 MBq (0.0004% of AL) for aero-soles; and 66.9 kBq for iodine-131 (0.0001% of AL). Average dose equivalent rates during February 2005 in the vicinity as well as in the Mochovce NPP and in the Mochovce Radioactive Waste Repository are included

  5. Safety improvement and results of commissioning of Mochovce NPP WWER 440/213

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP is the last one of this kind and compared to its predecessors, it is characterized by several modifications which contribute to the improvement of the safety level. In addition based on Nuclear Regulatory Authority requirements and based on documents: - IAEA - Safety Issues and their ranking for NPP WWER 440/213, - IAEA - Safety Improvement of Mochovce NPP Project Review Mission, - Riskaudit - Evaluation of the Mochovce NPP Safety Improvements. Additional safety measures have been implemented before commissioning. The consortium EUCOM (FRAMATOME - SIEMENS), SKODA Praha, ENERGOPROJEKT Praha, Russian organizations and VUJE Trnava Nuclear Power Plants research institute were selected for design and implementation of the safety measures. The papers summarized, safety requirements, safety measures implemented, results of commissioning and results of safety analysis report evaluation. (author)

  6. Preparation phase of Mochovce NPP unit 3 and 4 construction completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation authors deal with preparation phase of Mochovce NPP unit 3 and 4 construction completion. The preparation phase of the Mochovce unit 3 and 4 construction completion gives following main outputs: (a) Detail Safety Concept gives definitive complex safety and technical improvement of MO34, more precise analysis of the total cost of construction completion, a list of potential suppliers and construction completion time schedule; (b) Appendices of Basic Design Documentation and Preliminary SAR serves as basic documentation for UJD SR decision making according to Law No. 541 for start of Realization Phase; (c) The Preparation Phase represents effective tool for start of MO34 construction completion Realization Phase.

  7. [Aleksandr Lwowicz Blok (1852 - 1909)--character-sketch of the man and scientist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiller, Joanna

    2009-01-01

    assumptions was included in work of Blok's disciple--Jewgienij Spektorski. An attempt of objective, free of emotions look at Błok's output to some extent makes us verify one-sidedly its critical estimate. In Błok's writings one can observe several earlier unnoticed values--author's wide mind horizons, his erudition, interesting but not accomplished research conceptions, competence for analysing difficult issues fringing upon social, political and philosophical thought. PMID:20027928

  8. Mochovce NPP experience in the certification and the use of full scope simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents some of the Mochovce NPP experience in the full-scope simulator certification process, simulator training programs development, implementation and evaluation, the use of simulator in the all-plant emergency exercises as well as the experience in validation of plant operational procedures.(author)

  9. Otočno obratovanje sončne elektrarne enodružinske hiše

    OpenAIRE

    Koncilja, Rok

    2016-01-01

    Tema moje diplomske naloge je otočno delovanje sončne elektrarne enodružinske hiše. V uvodu izvemo nekaj o samooskrbi z električno energijo ter o samem delovanju manjše sončne elektrarne. V glavnem delu naloge je najprej, s pomočjo tlorisnih načrtov enodružinske hiše, opisana dnevna poraba električne energije. V nadaljevanju sem pri izračunu sončnega obsevanja za naš solarni sistem upošteval konkretne parametre, pomagal pa sem si s podatki meteoroloških postaj. Rezultat so dnevne vrednost...

  10. 'HSE protection through safe work'. Mochovce NPP is the holder of ISO 14001:2004 and CSN OHSAS 18001 certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article provides information on the safety of the Mochovce NPP related to occupational health and safety and environmental protection. The facility has earned EN ISO 140001 and OHSAS 18001 certificates. (orig.)

  11. Before privatization finances and business of Slovenske elektrarne have to be tided up

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s., Bratislava were, according to the time schedule of the previous government, expected to receive a new strategic co-owner this year. But this will not come true. Even though last year potential investors were invited to a tender and they even submitted their offers by the end of September but the new Privatisation Committee only started evaluating them in April. In the meantime a new Commission was established, the relevant Ministry prepared new plans and fights for chairs in SE's managing bodies were fought. A document containing privatisation alternatives for SE was sitting on the desk of Minister of Economy, Robert Nemcsics. The Coalition Board was busy discussing other topics and so, according to the Minister, SE should get on the agenda this week. R. Nemcsics claims that this privatisation requires political will as well. This political will will decide how the cabinet will handle an offer Czech CEZ submitted after deadline - in May this year - in a letter sent to privatisation agency National Property Fund (FNM). Spokesman of the Czech company, Ladislav Kriz explained that this step was motioned by signals from official and unofficial Slovak sources that CEZ could possibly be a suitable partner for SE. The whole debate about these two companies joining together was started at the beginning of this year by Vincent Pillar short after his sudden resignation from position of General Manager of SE. Production and export of electrical energy in years 1999-2002 is presented graphically

  12. ESTE EMO and ESTE EBO - emergency response system for NPP Mochovce and NPP Bohunice V-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Programs ESTE EMO and ESTE EBO are emergency response systems that help the crisis staff of the NPP in assessing the source term (predicted possible release of radionuclides to the atmosphere ), in assessing the urgent protective measures and sectors under threat, in assessing real release (symptoms of release really detected and observed), in calculating radiological impacts of real release, averted or avertable doses, potential doses and doses during transport or evacuation on specified routes. Both systems serve as instruments in case of severe accident (DBA or BDBA) at NPP Mochovce or NPP Bohunice, accidents with threat of release of radioactivity to the atmosphere. Systems are implemented at emergency centre of Mochovce NPP and Bohunice NPP and connected online to the sources of technological and radiological data from the reactor, primary circuit, confinement, secondary circuit, ventilation stack, from the area of NPP (TDS 1) and from the emergency planning zone (TDS 11). Systems are connected online to the sources of meteorological data, too. (authors)

  13. Start. Slovak power stations, Nuclear Power Plants Mochovce (Annual report 1998)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Nuclear power plants Mochovce in 1998 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Director's foreword; (2) Power plant management; (3) Highlights of 1998; (4) Quality system; (5) Electricity and heat generation; Maintenance; Capital construction; (6) Radiation safety; Environmental impacts of operations; (7) List of balances; Human resources; (8) International co-operation; Public relations

  14. Experience with use and proposals for improvement of the SMAR system in Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A system for monitoring the accuracy and reliability characteristics of standard temperature measurements both at fuel channel exits and at the reactor inlet and outlet, was partially installed in Mochovce Units 1 and 2 simultaneously with their commissioning. In the paper, the way of implementation of the SMAR system at both units, experience with its use since the start-up and proposals for the improvement of the system are presented. (Authors)

  15. Level 1 shutdown and low power operation of Mochovce NPP, Unit 1, Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents general approach, used methods and form of documentation of the results that have been applied within the shutdown and low power PSA (SPSA) study for Mochovce NPP, Unit 1, Slovakia. The SPSA project was realized by VUJE Trnava Inc., Slovakia in 2001-2002 years. The Level 1 SPSA study for Mochovce NPP Unit 1 covers internal events as well as internal (fires, floods and heavy load drop) and external (aircraft crash, extreme meteorological conditions, seismic event and influence of surrounding industry) hazards. Mochovce NPP consists of two operating units equipped with VVER 440/V213 reactors safety upgraded before construction finishing and operation start. 87 safety measures based on VVER 440 operational experience and international mission insights were implemented to enhance its operational and nuclear safety. The SPSA relates to full power PSA (FPSA) as a continuation of the effort to create a harmonized level 1 PSA model for all operational modes of the plant with the goal to use it for further purposes as follows: Real Time Risk Monitor, Maintenance Optimization, Technical Specifications Optimization, Living PSA. (author)

  16. Commissioning of Mochovce 1 - Important achievement of the world's nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear power industry has been recently perceived by the general public as a specific industrial branch stretching its activities far beyond the conventional industrial standard. Similarly, the stage of testing and commissioning of a nuclear power plant is perceived as a specific stage in the plant life-cycle. This is a complicated process not only in technical terms, but in the context of nowadays, it is also one of the key periods in terms of public relations and public acceptance. The stage of commissioning unit 1 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant evoked a real communication media war between defenders and opponents of the nuclear industry started early in 1998 in Slovakia, as well as in other, mostly neighbouring countries. It should be noted, however, that the Mochovce plant has never been a technical problem as confirmed a number of international regulatory missions and audits, even though its construction was stopped in early 90's. The result of the war between the opponents and 'nuclear experts' was more or less clear to a thinking human being - a compromise could have been the only result. The compromise which is in fact a victory of the side of technical development, and loss of those lobbying for a nuclear-reactor-free central Europe. This article brings a review of events that accompanied commissioning activities of Mochovce NPP unit I which were important in terms of public relations

  17. Kratkoročno napovedovanje proizvodnje električne energije sončnih elektrarn in malih hidroelektrarn

    OpenAIRE

    Vozelj, Gašper

    2016-01-01

    Magistrsko delo obravnava razvoj modelov za kratkoročno napovedovanje oddane moči obnovljivih virov energije. V nalogi je obrazložen razvoj modela za napoved oddane moči fotonapetostnih elektrarn in razvoj modela za napoved oddane moči malih hidroelektrarn. Temeljna stopnja celotnega procesa predstavlja izbor in analizo meteoroloških spremenljivk, ki vplivajo na napovedovanje. Za umetno zmanjšanje vpliva meteoroloških dejavnikov je pri obeh modelih večji delež napovedi izračunan z uvedbo doda...

  18. External hazards analysis approach to level 1 PSA of Mochovce NPP - Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analyses of external events had been first time performed at the design stage of the Mochovce NPP showing sufficiently low contribution of external hazards to core damage frequency. But, based on IAEA document 'Safety problems of WWER-440/213 NPPs and the categorization' (IAEA-EBP-WWER-03, 1996), the need of new reassessment arose due to discrepancy of some origin recommendations in compare with present IAEA ones. Mochovce NPP Nuclear Safety Improvements Program elaborated at the same time included the IAEA recommendations and following improvements were proposed to perform in context of external events. 1. Seismic project and new locality seismic evaluation This safety improvement includes also some 'on site' technical improvements in seismic stability of structures and equipment. 2. Unit specific analyses of extreme meteorologic conditions. This safety improvement focuses on impact of feasible extreme conditions on NPP systems caused by rain, snow and hail storms, frost, winds, low and high temperatures. 3. Analyses of external hazards caused by humans. In this safety improvement were specified: feasible sources of explosions; analyses of hydrogen, gas and propane-calor gas depots; air crash risk. The results of these implemented safety improvements were considered in the PSA study. The External hazards analysis is also part of Level 1 PSA Mochovce NPP performed by PSA Department of VUJE Trnava Inc., Engineering, Design and Research Organization, Slovakia. Some partial analyses are performed in cooperation with following companies DS and S - SAIC, USA and Geophysical Institute Academy of Science, Slovakia Relko, Slovakia. Basic documents are: NUREG/CR-2300 'PRA Procedures Guide - A Guide to the Performance of Probabilistic Risk Assessments for Nuclear Power Plants' and IAEA SS No. 50-P-7 'Treatment of External Hazards in PSA for NPPs. The external hazards analysis consists of following parts: 1. Geography and plant locality; 2. Nearby industry; 3. Extreme

  19. Measurement of vertical displacement of buildings in the Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The incorporation of the measurement of displacements of buildings in the construction documentation of the Mochovce nuclear power plant is dealt with. Each project design shows the points of ground control, the method of their stabilization, the intervals, accuracy and method of measurement, etc. Of great importance is the measurement of the turbine bearing frame, the turbine equipment, the main production units and the buildings of auxiliary operations handling radioactive material. The measured values of displacement were within the expected limits for all buildings. (E.J.)

  20. Experience with drilling and blasting work during construction of Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results are discussed of four years of investigating the technical and economic parameters of drilling and blasting equipment employed on the building site of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. The technical and operating characteristics are given of tested breaking and drilling sets manufactured by various foreign companies. The final choice was based on output, hard currency prices, power demand, operating reliability and number of personnel required for operation. The optimal set consists of two Hausherr HBM 70 drilling systems (holes with a diameter of 130 to 150 mm) and two ROC 601-02 Atlas Copco machines (auxiliary work, breaking foundation holes for nuclear reactors). (J.C.)

  1. Seismic re-evaluation of Mochovce nuclear power plant. Seismic reevaluation of civil structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this contribution, an overview of seismic design procedures used for reassessment of seismic safety of civil structures at the Mochovce NPP in Slovak Republic presented. As an introduction, the objectives, history, and current status of seismic design of the NPP have been explained. General philosophy of design methods, seismic classification of buildings, seismic data, calculation methods, assumptions on structural behavior under seismic loading and reliability assessment were described in detail in the subsequent section. Examples of calculation models used for dynamic calculations of seismic response are given in the last section. (author)

  2. A systems modeling approach for performance assessment of the Mochovce national radioactive waste repository, Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The Mochovce repository is a shallow land burial facility for disposal of low-level and intermediate-level radioactive wastes in the Slovak Republic. Waste generators include nuclear power plants, laboratories, hospitals, research institutes, and other radiological facilities. A performance assessment (PA) is required to determine the degree of potential risk posed to workers and the future public by these wastes, and to inform decisions about how that potential risk might be reduced. Since 1993, PAs of Mochovce have evolved as knowledge has improved, as computerbased analytical platforms have become more sophisticated, and as the repository has been upgraded to improve its operational capabilities and its long-term performance. The experience gained in this evolutionary modeling informs the current chain of deterministic one- and two-dimensional process models that constitute the bulk of the PA modeling. In order to evaluate the significance of different modeling techniques and of the uncertainty inherent in the parameters that are entered into such models, a probabilistic modeling framework has been developed using the GoldSim systems analysis computer program. In the new GoldSim model presented here, the essential behaviors of the process models are captured in simpler equivalent functions that are implemented in the GoldSim model. The uncertainty inherent in the imperfect state of knowledge about the repository's engineering, failure modes, the natural environment surrounding the repository, and the locations and behaviors of potential future human receptors is reflected in the definition of modeling parameters as stochastic variables. The new, integrated 'Mochovce repository GoldSim Model' is part of the evaluation of the facility. The model facilitates comparison of the repository's performance to regulatory dose limit objectives. In this new probabilistic implementation it can be used for other purposes as well. For example, analysis of the

  3. Criticality safety analysis of spent fuel storage for NPP Mochovce using MCNP5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents results of nuclear criticality safety analysis of spent fuel storage for the first and second unit of NPP Mochovce. The spent fuel storage pool (compact and reserve grid) was modeled using the Monte Carlo code MCNP5. Conservative approach was applied and calculation of keff values was performed for normal and various postulated emergency conditions in order to evaluate the final maximal keff values. The requirement of current safety regulations to ensure 5% subcriticality was met except one especially conservative case. (Authors)

  4. Transport structures and water reservoir for the Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The projects are described which were implemented by Doprastav Bratislava within the preparation of the site for the Mochovce nuclear power plant. This includes a railway siding in a length of 11.2 kilometres which includes a railway bridge, two other bridges and the reconstruction of the Kalna nad Vahom railway terminal. Also reconstructed or newly built were road communications in a total length of 23.3 km. The said project included the construction of a road flyover over the railway track and the construction of five other smaller bridges. In order to provide the utility water supply to the Mochovce nuclear power plant, a large reservoir is being built at Velke Kozmalovce. The reservoir will have a total capacity of 2.6 mill. m3 of water, of this the effective capacity will be 2.1 mill. m3 on a flooded area of some 90 ha. Part of the reservoir will be a small hydro-power plant, the reservoir will also be used for irrigation on the fields of the neighbouring farms. (Z.M.)

  5. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, May 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within May 2008 were: 0.26 MBq of aerosoles, 0.021 MBq of iodine-131, and 108 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - May 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 4.48 MBq (0.0026% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.079 MBq (0.00012% of AL) of iodine-131, and 690 GBq (0.017% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within May 2008 were: 421 GBq of tritium, and 1.11 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - May 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 4.627 GBq (38.6% of AL) of tritium; 4.96 MBq (0.45% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in May 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  6. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, November 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within November 2008 were: 0.30 MBq of aerosoles, 0.010 MBq of iodine-131, and 136 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - November 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 8.04 MBq (0.0047% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.174 MBq (0.00026% of AL) of iodine-131, and 1.400 TBq (0.034% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within November 2008 were: 139 GBq of tritium, and 0.92 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - November 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 7.761 GBq (64.7% of AL) of tritium; 13.13 MBq (1.19% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in November 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  7. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, March 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within March 2008 were: 0.23 MBq of aerosoles, 0.010 MBq of iodine-131, and 195 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - March 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 0.66 MBq (0.00039% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.033 MBq (0.00005% of AL) of iodine-131, and 481 GBq (0.012% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within March 2008 were: 1.026 TBq of tritium, and 0.91 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - March 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 2.927 TBq (24.4% of AL) of tritium; 2.25 MBq (0.20% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in March 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  8. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, April 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within April 2008 were: 3.56 MBq of aerosoles, 0.024 MBq of iodine-131, and 100 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - April 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 4.22 MBq (0.0025% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.058 MBq (0.000086% of AL) of iodine-131, and 581 GBq (0.014% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within April 2008 were: 1.279 TBq of tritium, and 1.61 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - April 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 4.206 TBq (35.1% of AL) of tritium; 3.85 MBq (3.0% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in April 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  9. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, June 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within June 2008 were: 0.43 MBq of aerosoles, 0.014 MBq of iodine-131, and 126 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - June 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 4.91 MBq (0.0029% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.093 MBq (0.00014% of AL) of iodine-131, and 815 GBq (0.020% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within June 2008 were: 826 GBq of tritium, and 1.93 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - June 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 5.454 TBq (45.4% of AL) of tritium; 6.89 MBq (0.63% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in June 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  10. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, September 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within September 2008 were: 0.25 MBq of aerosoles, 0.009 MBq of iodine-131, and 330 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - September 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 5.58 MBq (0.0033% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.144 MBq (0.00021% of AL) of iodine-131, and 1.146 TBq (0.028% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within September 2008 were: 251 GBq of tritium, and 0.86 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - September 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 6.775 TBq (56.5% of AL) of tritium; 10.36 MBq (0.94% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in September 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  11. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, August 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within August 2008 were: 0.16 MBq of aerosoles, 0.015 MBq of iodine-131, and 104 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - August 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 5.33 MBq (0.0031% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.135 MBq (0.00020% of AL) of iodine-131, and 1.024 TBq (0.075% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within August 2008 were: 464 GBq of tritium, and 0.97 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - August 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 6.524 TBq (54.4% of AL) of tritium; 9.49 MBq (0.86% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in August 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  12. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, December 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within December 2008 were: 0.35 MBq of aerosoles, 0.010 MBq of iodine-131, and 117 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - December 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 8.39 MBq (0.0049% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.184 MBq (0.00027% of AL) of iodine-131, and 1.517 TBq (0.037% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within December 2008 were: 95 GBq of tritium, and 0.75 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - December 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 7.856 TBq (65.5% of AL) of tritium; 13.88 MBq (1.26% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in December 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  13. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, January 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January 2008 were: 0.27 MBq of aerosoles, 0.009 MBq of iodine-131, and 151 GBq of rare gases. For the period January 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 0.27 MBq (0.00016% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.009 MBq (0.000014% of AL) of iodine-131, and 151 GBq (0.0037% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within January 2008 were: 766 GBq of tritium, and 0.66 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 766 GBq (6.43% of AL) of tritium; 0.6673 MBq (0.060% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in January 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  14. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, February 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within February 2008 were: 0.16 MBq of aerosoles, 0.014 MBq of iodine-131, and 136 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - February 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 0.43 MBq (0.00026% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.023 MBq (0.000034% of AL) of iodine-131, and 286 GBq (0.007% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within February 2008 were: 1.134 TBq of tritium, and 0.68 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - February 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 1.901 TBq (15.8% of AL) of tritium; 1.34 MBq (0.12% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in February 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  15. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, October 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within October 2008 were: 2.17 MBq of aerosoles, 0.021 MBq of iodine-131, and 118 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - October 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 7.75 MBq (0.0046% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.164 MBq (0.00025% of AL) of iodine-131, and 1.265 TBq (0.031% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within October 2008 were: 847 GBq of tritium, and 1.84 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - October 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 7.622 TBq (63.5% of AL) of tritium; 12.21 MBq (1.11% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in October 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  16. Radiological impact of co-location of the VLLW and LILW repository at Mochovce site - 59152

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JAVYS, the Nuclear Decommissioning Company owner and operator of National Radioactive Waste Repository (NRR) at Mochovce, is planning the enlargement of the existing NRR. The enlargement consists of the construction of new structures (double rows) like the ones existing for LILW and of the new facility for the disposal of Very Low Level Waste (VLLW). A VLLW disposal site is being planned in Mochovce where a LILW disposal site is already located. As a part of ongoing licensing process for this change in utilization of the NRR we have updated the already existing assessment of potential radiological impact to members of the public after closure of the site, both from the migration of leachate in groundwater from the site and from possible inadvertent intrusion into the site, including future residence on the material excavated for the construction of the road. The radionuclides from the ground water reach the biosphere through a spring flowing into the lake. It is conservatively assumed that individual in the critical group uses biosphere of the lake (for irrigations, fishing and recreation). In the case of unintentional intrusion into the repository, the exposed group consists of a small number of workers who excavate or examine repository materials. The assessment is based on preliminary conceptual design for VLLW module, estimation of future volumes for the different waste classes and their radiological inventories and considers some common aspects and potential interactions between both disposal systems, such as radiological criteria, critical group definition, institutional period, site environment, total activity inventory. (authors)

  17. Assessment of the primary piping at the Mochovce NPP. LBB handbook (response spectra as per NUREG 0098)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document is part of the Leak Before Break project for the Mochovce nuclear power plant. The safety coefficients, specific of LBB as laid down by the Guidelines of the Czechoslovak Atomic Energy Commission, are summarized for all loops. The document is a revised version with conservative materials data and newly determined response spectra as per NUREG 0098. (author)

  18. An operational approach to standard nuclear process model (SNPM) and SAP nuclear software implementation at Slovenske Elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Benchmarking efforts in the fall of 2006 showed significant performance gaps in multiple measured processes between the Slovenske Elektrarne (SE) nuclear organization and the highest performing nuclear organizations in the world. While overall performance of the SE nuclear fleet was good and in the second quartile, when compared to the worldwide population of Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR), SE leadership set new goals to improve safety and operational performance to the first decile of the worldwide PWR Fleet. To meet these goals the SE nuclear team initiated a project to identify and implement the Best Practice nuclear processes in multiple areas. The benchmarking process identified the Standard Nuclear Performance Model (SNPM), used in the US nuclear fleet, as the industry best practice process model. The Slovenske Elektrarne nuclear management team used various change management techniques to clearly establish the case for organizational and process change within the nuclear organization. The project organization established by the SE nuclear management team relied heavily on functional line organization personnel to gain early acceptance of the project goals and methods thereby reducing organizational opposition to the significant organizational and process changes. The choice of a standardized process model used, all or in part, by approximately one third of the nuclear industry worldwide greatly facilitated the development and acceptance of the changes. Use of a nuclear proven templated software platform significantly reduced development and testing efforts for the resulting fully integrated solution. In the spring of 2007 SE set in motion a set of initiatives that has resulted in a significant redesign of most processes related to nuclear plant maintenance and continuous improvement. Significant organizational structure changes have been designed and implemented to align the organization to the SNPM processes and programs. The completion of the initial

  19. Study of environmental impact assessment for Mochovce NPP Units 3 and 4. Executive summary. September 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SE/ENEL, on a voluntary basis, has prepared new EIA Study for the completion of Units 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant (MO34 NPP) according to International current practices and European Directives. The results of the analysis, according to SE/ENEL Environment and Corporate Social Responsibility policies, will be provided to local Communities and Public Authorities. The Environmental Impact Assessment is performed: - in compliance with appendix 11 of Slovak Act. No. 24/2006 'On the assessment of the effects on the environment and on the modification and enlargement of some laws'; - meeting the requirements of the Exhibit II 'Illustrative list of potential social and environmental issues to be addressed in the Social and Environmental Assessment documentation' as reported in the document 'Equator Principles' of 2006 July developed by the International Finance Corporation (IFC). The area of Mochovce NPP is situated in Central Europe in the south-western region of the Slovak Republic (SR) at the western border of the Levice district. The area lies in the south-western part of the Kozmalovske hills mainly in the Hron highlands. From the point of view of the terrestrial and administrative organization of the SR, Mochovce NPP is situated in the eastern part of the Nitra region, in the north-western part of the Levice district, close to the border with the Nitra and Zlate Moravce districts. Mochovce NPP is approx. 12 km from the district capital Levice, which is the largest town within a 20 km distance from the power plant. Initial site preparation began in August 1983. In April 1998 the first fuel was loaded into Unit 1 of Mochovce NPP. The operation started in August 1998. Unit 2 started operation in January 2000. The original Construction Permit No. Vyst. 2010/86 for MO 34 was issued by the District National Committee in Levice on the basis of the Land Planning Decisions on 12 November 1986. This Permit has been renewed firstly on 5 May 1997 by letter of the

  20. Level 1 PSA study of Mochovce unit 1 NPP (SM AA 10 and 08)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents genesis of Level 1 PSA project preparation for all operational modes of Mochovce NPP unit 1 including the description of its' main objectives, scope and working method. The PSA study which includes full power (FPSA) as well as shutdown and low power conditions (SPSA) Level 1 PSA has to support the nuclear safety improvements of the unit. They evaluate the basic design and the benefits of all improvements, which were found necessary to be incorporated before the start-up of the unit. The study includes internal events (transients and under-loss of coolant accident, LOCAs), internal hazards as fires and floods and selected external hazards as earthquake, influence of external industry, extreme meteorological conditions and aircraft crash.The PSA (both FPSA and SPSA) models is developed using the RISK SPECTRUM PSA code. (author)

  1. PSA analysis focused on Mochovce safety measure evaluation from operational safety point of view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP consists of four reaktor units of WWER 440/V213 type and it is located in the south-middle part of Slovakia. At present units 1 and 2 are in operation. As these units represent the second generation of WWER reactor design, additional safety measures were implemented to enhance operational and nuclear safety according to the recommendations of international audits and operational experience from other simular units (such as Dukovany and Bohunice). These requirements result into a number of safety measures grouped according to their purpose to achieve recent international requirements on nuclear and operational safety. The paper presents the bases used for specification of safety measures including their grouping into comprehensive tasks covering different areas of safety goals as well as structural organization of project management including participating companies and work performance. Results are also given regarding the contribution of selected safety measures to reduction of total core damage frequency. (authors)

  2. PSA analysis focused on Mochovce NPP safety measures evaluation from operational safety point of view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP consists of four reactor units of WWER 440/V213 type and it is located in the south-middle part of Slovakia. At present two units are operated and another two are under the construction. As these units represent second generation of WWER reactor design, the additional safety measures (SM) were implemented to enhance operational and nuclear safety according to the recommendations of performed international audits and operational experience based on the exploitation of similar units. These requirements result into a number of SMs grouped according to their purpose to reach recent international requirements on nuclear and operational safety. The paper presents the bases used for SMs establishing including their grouping covering different areas of safety goals and results of SM contributions to the total core damage frequency based on FPSA analysis. (author)

  3. Advanced breaking technology on the Mochovce nuclear power plant building site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Observing the given deadlines of the construction of the Mochovce nuclear power plant and the required volumes of breaking to the total value of 6.2 million m3 of rock, the required output was derived for the 7th five year plan to the value of 200,000 m3 per month, i.e., 10,000 m3 per day and 700 m3 per hour. The basic task is to build a flat building site with an area of 2,300 by 700 m2 which requires the removal of a masiff of rocks rising to a height of 37 m, and by compacting the mined rock to build heaps to a height of 20 m. The rocks were disintegrated by blasting. Surface blasting was used for mining faces and ribs. POLONIT 2 or PERMON DAP 1 were mainly used for blasting (ammonium nitrate explosives). The Danubit 1 detonator was used in holes flooded with water. For drilling a combination was used of drilling machines HBM 70 Hausherr with a drilling diameter of 130 to 155 mm and Ingersol Rand ECM 350 with a drilling diameter of 80 mm. The compressors used are Atlas Copco XRHS 350 Dd and PTS 900 Dd. As the optimal combination of machines for the removal of disengaged material for the daily output of 15,000 m3 the combination was used of 6 excavators with a shovel volume of 2.5 m3 ORENSTEIN-KOPPEL RH 25 with 12 Kockum 445 trucks and 18 ORENSTEIN-KOPPEL RH 40 excavators with a shovel volume of 4 m3 and a total of 64 Caterpillar 769 C, Belaz 548 A, Tatra T 200 and T 138 S1 trucks. The planned targets are being fulfilled and the work performed up to now on the Mochovce site equals 2.5 million m3 of excavated and removed rock. (B.S.)

  4. Review of selected contributions of the conference 'Integrated quality management systems in completion of units 3 and 4 Mochovce'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There were 14 contributions presented of the conference focused on the integrated quality management systems in completion EMO34. Contributions were focused both on theoretical problems from the project management area and on the applications in practice in management systems implementation in accordance with the standards: STN EN ISO 9001:2000, STN EN ISO 14 001:2005, and OHSAS 18 001:1999 at the completion of the Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce of units 3 and 4

  5. Restructuring of the Slovenske elektrarne, p.l.s. and their influence on economy of the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper author deals with privatization of Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s. Bratislava and their influence on economy of the Slovak Republic. Country made the first step in privatization in the case of SE at the beginning of 90's by transformation of state enterprise to a. s. with state dominant position (95.8% of stocks was held by Fond narodneho majetku (National Property Fund), the rest was divided between SPP, a.s. and Restitucny investicny fond (Restitution capital fund). In the next phase two newly founded separate a.s. TEKO, a.s. (Teplaren Kosice) and SEPS, a.s. (Slovenska elektrizacna prenosova sustava) were set aside from a.s. Government adopted two basic variants of sale of SE, a.s. stocks by resolution N. 700/2002. Possible variants of SE privatisation are discussed. Energy position of Slovak Republic in European context is relatively favourable in present time because production capacities exceed domestic consumption and part of energy (up to 600 MWh) is exported. Future of thermal power plants Novaky and Vojany is interrogative because of tightened ecological norms, besides Slovak Republic undertook to lay up both blocks of Bohunice NPP V1. Forecasts show that Slovak Republic will stop to be self-sufficient in electric power production about 2010. (Author)

  6. The nuclear regulatory authority of the Slovak Republic and start-up of the Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The important aspect is testing if the nuclear energy in the Slovak Republic is due to obligatory rules acceptable and its operation is regulated by the state through the independent institution - The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD). UJD considers the whole area of public relations an essential component of its activity. UJD intends to serve the public true, systematic, qualified, understandable and independent information regarding nuclear safety of nuclear power plants, as well as regarding methods and results of UJD work. Generally, public information is considered as significant contribution to the creation of confidence into the regulatory work. The public relations are understood as attempts to establish, keep and improve UJD-s good relations to its neighbours through purposeful informing. An Information centre at the offices of UJD was built and opened in October 1995 with IAEA Director General as the first visitor. NPP Mochovee is an example of international co-operation in achieving internationally acceptable safety standards. Companies from France, Germany, USA, Russian Federation, Czech Republic and Slovakia and last, but not least also the IAEA participated significantly on increasing the safety level of this NPP. We have been fully aware of the importance of good communication with press, TV and radio broadcasting in this pre-operation and operation period about nuclear safety, nuclear standard and other nuclear aspects commissioning of the NPP Mochovce in the UJD. The information policy of the UJD was in this period focused on the preparation an actual press releases for general and specialised news- paper and national press agencies. Very important were the frequent presentations the requirement safety stages of the NPP Mochovce inIV and radio broadcasting by headquarters of the UJD. UJD as the state authority provides information related to its competence, namely information on safety of operation of nuclear installations

  7. PSA analysis focused on Mochovce NPP safety measures evaluation from operational safety point of view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP consists of four reactor units of WWER 440/V213 type and it is located in the south-middle part of Slovakia. At present first unit operated and the second one under the construction finishing. As these units represent second generation of WWER reactor design, the additional safety measures (SM) were implemented to enhance operational and nuclear safety according to the recommendations of performed international audits and operational experience based on exploitation of other similar units (as Dukovany and J. Bohunice NPPs). These requirements result into a number of SMs grouped according to their purpose to reach recent international requirements on nuclear and operational safety. The paper presents the bases used for safety measures establishing including their grouping into the comprehensive tasks covering different areas of safety goals as well as structural organization of a project management of including participating companies and work performance. More, results are given regarding contribution of selected SMs to the total core damage frequency decreasing.(author)

  8. Mochovce NPP safety measures evaluation from point of view of operational safety enhancement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP consists of four reactor units of WWER 440/V213 type and it is located in the south-middle part of Slovakia. At present first unit operated and the second one under the construction finishing. As these units represent second generation of WWER reactor design, the additional safety measures (SM) were implemented to enhance operational and nuclear safety according to the recommendations of performed international audits and operational experience based on exploitation of other similar units (as Dukovany and J. Bohunice NPPs). These requirements result into a number of SMs grouped according to their purpose to reach recent international requirements on nuclear and operational safety. The paper presents the bases used for safety measures establishing including their grouping into the comprehensive tasks covering different areas of safety goals as well as structural organization of a project management of including participating companies and work performance. More, results are given regarding contribution of selected SMs to the total core damage frequency decreasing. (author)

  9. Hydrobiological survey of some surface waters in the area of Mochovce nuclear power plant and their saprobiological assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results are presented of a hydrobiological study of three flows and one retention reservoir in the surroundings of the Mochovce nuclear power plant (Western Slovakia) performed in June 1982 and May 1983. The research was aimed at obtaining necessary information on the species composition of the algal flora (include blue-green algae) and selected groups of invertebrate hydrofauna (Sarcodina, Rotatoria, Cladocera, Copepoda, Oligochaeta and Chironomidae) in this territory. Natural waters were classified on the basis of the species composition of water organisms according to saprobiological criteria. (author). 4 refs

  10. Current situation of the project finishing of the building of 3 and 4 block of the nuclear power plant Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the contribution there is the basic information mentioned about history of building and the current situation at the finishing of the building of 3 and 4 block of the Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce with the use of project digitization. Further on the contribution shows what kinds of supporting material has been elaborated, what kind of decisions have been issued to the finishing of the building, way of financing and also the assumption of investment return under the defined conditions. An orientation time schedule of the finishing of the building and the crucial steps for its security are presented in the conclusion

  11. The management of safety within the completion of units 3. and 4. in NPP Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contribution defines the way of management of safety and protection of health and protection against the fire during completion of units 3. and 4. in NPP Mochovce. The creation of the management of safety raised from the legal and other requirements applied in the civil activities and mainly from the requirements for coordination of safety on the site. The whole system is methodically managed through the 5 basic documents so-called 'Building rules': 1) Safety-technical conditions of performance in SE, Inc. Bratislava (project MO34); 2) MO34/1/MNA-003.00-02 the elaboration of the integrated safety plan; 3) MO34/1/NA-003.00-03 risks analyse; 4) PNM3460100 Integrated safety plan for completion of Units 3.and 4 in NPP Mochovce; 5) Project of construction organization. The system itself of the management of the safety prevention must by provided by the supplier in compliance with the standard OHSAS 18 001 and ISO 14001, and in compliance with the requirement of the builder applied in the technical specification for the contract. Most of necessary related documentation of Safety plan for the site is usually part of the documentation for quality management of contractor. Therefore it is necessary to put the reference in each chapter of the Safety plan for site and the standpoint how to apply it for the particular specific situation. The coordinator is mandatory to manage the prevention for the part of safety of specified site and to coordinate the activity of suppliers during the works tie in this way, that the each contractor shall meet the safety requirements given by safety plan and also to identify and to eliminate the risks menaced in the particular work places or the suppliers each other. The builder established its own control system and for this purpose he settled the data base so-called 'The system of corrective and precautionary activities'. The system registers in its data base all discrepancies determined during the regular controls of the head workers

  12. Researches of a thermodynamic behaviour of bubbling vacuum system bubble condenser NPP 'Mochovce'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During joint development and designing of the bubbling vacuum system (BVS) equipment for localization of under-loss of coolant accident (LOCA) consequences on NPPs with WWER 440/213, a large volume of experimental and calculational activities have been performed by VTI and SverdNIIchimmash for the substantiation of functionality of this system, and in particular, for bubbler-condenser (BC) design, as a part of BVS. However, not looking on broad introduction of BVS on 16-th NPP units with WWER 440/213, its functionality was subjected to a doubt from experts of different countries. Sequentially, that promoted issue of the IAEA, document and OECD document. Therefore, before commissioning of the NPP 'Mochovce' unit 1 it was decided to execute additional experimental and computational researches for Safety Analysis Report preparation. Within the framework of these BVS thermodynamic behavior researches, in particular the following problems were chosen: (1) The check of a capability of valves DN 250 blocking in an opened position, as a result of return pressure differential on BC, during vent clearing process of the hydro-lock, that can sequentially result in an a drop of efficiency of stem condensation in BC pool; (2) To provide by direct measurements the absence of pressure oscillations dangerous for strength of a BC design in different modes of steam condensation in BC and to execute computational researches of instability of steam condensation processes (for such mode as 'chugging'); (3) Study influences of pool swell and water carry over through check valves DN 500 in the air traps on a BVS functionality; (4) To determine by a computational way the maximum pressure in NPP premises during LOCA, with taking into consideration additional failures of the BC equipment: absence of a water on two and more BC plates and DN 250 valves have blocked in an opened position (conservative conditions). (authors)

  13. Analysis of the methodical component of core power density field calculation error on the basis of Mochovce-1 commissioning tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the first decade of June 2008, during the power commissioning of the reactor at the Mochovce NPP unit 1, the experiment with reducing the thermal power of core almost to the balance-of-plant (BOP) needs was performed. After the reactor has operated for seven hours at low power (about 200 220 MW (thermal)), its power was increased (at a rate of about 0.25% of Nnom/min) to the initial level, close to 107% (1471 MW). During the experiment, core parameters, which were subsequently used for comparing the measured data with the results of experiment simulation calculations, were recorded in the reactor in-core monitoring system database. Calculated and measured levels of critical concentrations of boric acid were compared, along with power density distributions by fuel elements and assemblies obtained both by the KRUIZ in-core monitoring system and on the basis of calculations simulating reactor operation in accordance with the given core power variation schedule. The final stage consisted of assessing the methodical component of power density micro- and macro-fields calculation error in the core of Mochovce-1 reactor operating with varying load. (author)

  14. Experience gained during commissioning and trial operation of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper authors describe the experience gained during commissioning and trial operation of Mochovce NPP (EMO). The first year of EMO operation from the point of view of safety and reliability was successful. Evidently we were challenged with certain problems characteristic to this stage of operation which resulted in automatic reactor shutdown. There were 11 automatic shutdowns in 1998 by action of the quick emergency protection AO-1 and two manual shutdowns by the AO-1 key. In 1999, there were 6 automatic shutdowns by action of the quick emergency protection AO-1. Three of them was connected to the falsely activated binary signal of MCP switch of, in two cases the reason came out from the turbo-generator (TG) cooling water system. Very positive trend in the operation of both units shows the fact that during all commissioning period of the second unit there were only three automatic reactor shutdowns by the signal AO-1. All these actions were done in frame of commissioning tests. All causes which activated the automatic unit shutdowns were found out and rectified, the overall tuning of the cooling water system is on the process now. The solution of this problem is possible only power commissioning, and in the stage of the trial operation had no direct impacts on the nuclear, radiation, or technical safety respectively. In 1998 two events according to the INES scale after second unit commissioning because of two unit links of the cooling water system. The operational events during the commissioning tests, start-up tests, physical commissioning, were ranked the category 1 ('Action of SIS U040 ppo <8,34 MPa at the system 2 and 3' and 'Breaching the L and C'). In 1999 only events occurred that were ranked in the category safety insignificant events and lower (category 0, or off the scale respectively). In the frame of the safety culture principles adopted, such as critical attitude, exact and careful approach, and communication, these problems were given the

  15. Requirements and possible upgrading concept for the WWER-440/213: Mochovce NPP structures under seismic conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Mochovce-Nuclear Power Plant is one of the WWER-440/213 plants which has been designed against earthquake. Nevertheless, the design earthquake has not been assessed adequately to the seismic hazard at the site. A new seismic design shall include an increased seismic input and assure an acceptable standard of safety. This contribution is related to some design aspects of civil structures for this nearly finished plant, such as: existing design and its margins with regard to the employed codes; requirements for a new design concept; effects to be expected by an increased design earthquake; applicable design methods; use of inelastic design spectra, behavior factors and capacity design; feasible upgrading measures. (author)

  16. Composition of natural populations of yeast and yeast-like microorganisms in the area of Mochovce nuclear power plant construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1982 to 1983, the composition was studied of natural populations of yeasts and yeast-like microorganisms in the area of the construction of the nuclear power plant at Mochovce. Samples were taken from fruits of plum trees (Prunus domestica L.) and grape vine (Vitis vinifera L.). Totally, 394 strains were isolated that were identified and classified according to the monography of Lodder into the following families and genera: Saccharomycetaceae (Saccharomyces, Hanseniaspora, Hansenula, Debaryomyces, Kluyveromyces, Pichia), Spermopthoraceae (Metschnikowia), Cryptococaceae (Torulopsis, Candida, Kloeckera). On plum tree fruits the species Hanseniaspora uvarum and Saccharomyces rosei and on grape vine fruits Hanseniaspora uvarum and Metschnikowia pulcherrima were most abundantly represented. The trees and plants were not treated with pesticides and on both the fruits of plum trees and grape vines the species Pullularia pullulans was frequently present that had never been isolated before from regularly treated vineyards. (author)

  17. Ecological impacts and damage - comparison of selected components for nuclear and conventional power plants (example of Mochovce nuclear power plant)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A comparison is given of ecological damage for the nuclear power plant in Mochovce and a conventional power plant with the same power. Ecological effects and damage are divided into three groups: comparable damage, ecological damage caused only by conventional power plants and ecological damage caused only by nuclear power plants. In the first group the factors compared are land requisition, consumption of utility water and air consumption. In the second group are enumerated losses of crops (cereals, sugar beet, potatoes, oleaginous plants) and losses caused by increased disease rate owing to polluted environment by conventional power plants. In the third group health hazards are assessed linked with ionizing radiation. Also considered are vent stack escapes. (E.S.)

  18. REŠEVANJE MEDNARODNEGA INVESTICIJSKEGA SPORA MED SLOVENIJO IN HRVAŠKO, GLEDE NUKLEARNE ELEKTRARNE KRŠKO PRED MEDNARODNIM CENTROM ZA REŠEVANJE INVESTICIJSKIH SPOROV-ICSID

    OpenAIRE

    Rola, Nataša

    2014-01-01

    V svoji diplomski nalogi proučujem mednarodni investicijski spor med Republiko Slovenijo in Republiko Hrvaško, ki je poteka glede skupnega objekta Nuklearne elektrarne Krško. V okviru zastavljenega problema, sem se najprej lotila predstavitve Mednarodnega centra za reševanje mednarodnih investicijskih sporov, pred katerim se je spor odvijal. Predstavila sem njegovo organizacijo, strukturo, prednosti, ter posebnosti reševanja investicijskih sporov pred tem mednarodnim telesom. V nadaljevanju s...

  19. Future strategy of SE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author (General Director of Slovenske elektrarne, a. s.) presents structure and investment plans of SE. The feasibility study of construction of the blocks 3 and 4 of the Mochovce NPP is presented

  20. Eco information 4. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment, Locality of Mochovce, within April 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of radioactive gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce Liquid RAW Final Treatment Facility (FS KRAO) and Mochovce Radioactive Waste Repository (RU RAO) are presented. The radioactive effluents into hydrosphere within April 2013 for the radioactive effluents into hydrosphere within for FS KRAO were: 0.2545 GBq of tritium (11.4933 GBq for the period January - April 2013 (3.83% of AL)) and summary of gamma-radionuclides 0.1436 GBq (1.2079 GBq for the period January - April 2013 (30.97% of AL)). The radioactive effluents into hydrosphere within April 2013 for FS KRAO were: 0.000 kBq of 90Sr (0.000% of AL)), 0.000 kBq of summary alpha (0.000% of AL) and 0.000 kBq of 14C (0.000% of AL). The radioactive effluents into hydrosphere within April 2013 for RU RAO were: 2.272 MBq of tritium (7.952 MBq for the period January - April 2013 (0.042% of AL)); 0.133 MBq of 137Cs (0.458 MBq for the period January - April 2013 (0.29% of AL)); 0.00 MBq of 90Sr - the value of the quarterly (0.00 MBq for the period January - April 2013 (0.000% of AL)); 0.095 MBq of 60Co (0.348 MBq for the period January - April 2013 (1.554% of AL)); 0.000 MBq of 239Pu (0.000 MBq for the period January - April 2013 (0.000% of AL)). Volume of liquid effluents in April 2013 was 908 m3 (3178 m3 for the period January - April 2013). The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within April 2013 for FS KRAO were: 0.0042 MBq of gamma radionuclides (0.0241 MBq for the period January - April 2013, that is 0.027% of annually limit (AL)); 0.00 MBq of alpha radionuclides (0.000 MBq for the period January - April 2013 (0.000% of AL)), and 0.000 MBq of 89Sr and 90Sr - the value of the quarterly (0.000 MBq for the period January - April 2013 (0.000% of AL)).

  1. Unit 1 and Unit 2 Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce construction finishing from primary contractor of technological part. Skoda Praha a. s. point of view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the history of delivery of technological part for NPP V-1 Mochovce as well as of reconstruction and safety improvements by the Skoda Praha a.s. is presented. Primary contractor of technological part Skoda Praha together with its final suppliers proved ability to realize under hard conditions such a complicated work what was indisputedly Units 1 and 2 finishing. Company proved capability to conform itself flexibly in the course of work to requirements of customer for realization of safety measures which means that Units 1 and 2 fully satisfy international standards. By fulfilment of primary contractor of technology obligations and above all by takeover of complex responsibility for both Units putting in operation including responsibility for 'past' Skoda Praha put away one of basic problems which occurred in decision making to whom will be assigned construction finishing contract. These facts fully qualify Skoda Praha to be selected for possible Units 3 and 4 construction finishing as one of chief construction finishing participant

  2. Instead of a conclusion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this interview Mr. Paolo Ruzzini (Chairman and CEO, Slovenske elektrarne, a. s., a member of ENEL) evaluates the decision of ENEL to complete the construction Unit-3 and Unit-4 of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. He argues that 'in the market conditions and without government subsidies, we are ready to continue developing the project - the construction of the Unit-3 and Unit-4 of the Mochovce NPP'.

  3. Part II. Chapter II. The basic task of a manager is to create the most favourable conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Here is an interview with Mr. Karol Cesnek (minister of economy of the Slovak Republic from August 27, 1996 up to February 26, 1998 and general director of the Slovenske elektrarne, a .s. from April 1, 1995 up to August 27, 1996) who is remembering about financing of construction of the Mochovce NPP.

  4. Slovak Electric, plc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this book the structure and activities of the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, plc.) are presented. The parameters of the Bohunice NPPs as well as Mochovce NPP are described in detail. Other power plant (coal fired power plants and hydroelectric power plants as well as power transmission and distribution systems in the Slovak Republic are described too. Treatment of radioactive wastes are performed in the the Bohunice Radwaste Treatment Centre (BSC RAO) and radioactive waste are storages in Mochovce National Radioactive Waste Repository for the Slovak Republic

  5. The biggest investment in the history of Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 11 June 2009 the General Director and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Slovenske elektrarne Paolo Ruzzini and the Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic Robert Fico announced the signature of contracts with the main suppliers for the completion of units 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant. Planned investment of Eur 2.775 billion by 2013 for the Mochovce completion is an important commitment for us and especially in this time, such investment can mitigate the impact of global slowdown in economic growth which impacts Slovakia but also other economies of the world. (author)

  6. Part I. Remembering No. 2 (Ladislav Loerinc). EMO joint venture, joint-stock company - really completely useless organ?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this chapter author reviewed the story of the EMO joint venture, joint-stock company, between Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. and EdF. EMO joint venture, joint-stock company, was established to complete the Mochovce nuclear power plant. EMO joint venture, joint-stock company was closed after one year of work. History of EMO joint venture, joint-stock company, was described by its former general manager Mr. Ladislav Loerinc.

  7. Slovak Electric, plc, Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this popular scientific brochure a brief description of construction scheme of Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant is presented. Electricity generation in a nuclear power plant is described. Instrumentation and control system as well as nuclear safety principles applied on the NPP are presented

  8. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Enterprise Vojany power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This brochure describes the Enterprise Vojany power plant (SE-EVO) is described. This is brown coal burning ((EVO II) and natural gas or fuel oil burning (EVO I) power plant. Technical data in detail of SE-EVO as well as results of up-grade of the SE-EVO are presented

  9. NAČRTOVANJE FOTOVOLTAIČNIH SONČNIH ELEKTRARN

    OpenAIRE

    Dragovan, Luka

    2011-01-01

    V preteklosti se je zaradi slabih izkoristkov, visokih cen fotovoltaičnih modulov ter ostalih gradnikov, povezanih s fotovoltaiko, le-ta večinoma uporabljala predvsem v vesoljski tehnologiji in za raziskovalne namene. H komercializaciji fotovoltaike so sčasoma pripomogle nižje cene, boljši izkoristki fotovoltaičnih modulov, pa tudi podražitve ostalih energentov, svoje pa so dodale tudi državne subvencije v obliki javnih razpisov. V okviru fotovoltaične tehnologije obravnamo v diplomskem delu ...

  10. SISTEM SONČNE ELEKTRARNE-MEHANSKA KONSTRUKCIJA SOLARNEGA PRETVORNIKA

    OpenAIRE

    Copot, Damjan

    2013-01-01

    V diplomskem delu so predstavljene posamezne komponente foto-napetostnih sistemov. Opisano je načrtovanje razporeditve elementov znotraj ohišja, ki temelji na trirazsežnem računalniškem modelu in zahtevah laboratorijskega prototipa. Vključen je tudi opis pretvornika navzgor in njegovih stikalnih elementov. Za slednje so izračunane stikalne in prevodne izgube. Ostale izgube pretvornika, ki se pretvorijo v toploto, pa smo poiskali z termalno kamero. Na podlagi teh rezultatov smo zasnovali model...

  11. ANALIZA IN NAČRTOVANJE SONČNE ELEKTRARNE

    OpenAIRE

    Gjura, Andrej

    2012-01-01

    Povzetek Znan je rek, da imamo okolje, naravo v posodo od svojih zanamcev. Zato ves razvoj stremi k razvijanju novih, obnovljivih virov energije, k razvijanju pridobivanja le-te iz okolja. Ti viri so relativno dosegljivi, potrebno je le znanje, drznost in zadostna podpora za to pristojnih institucij, da peljemo razvoj v željeno smer in odkrivamo nove dimenzije pridobivanja energije, kar bi posledično zmanjšalo izpust toplogrednih plinov, ohranilo in varovalo naravo ter zmanjšalo vsakodnev...

  12. Enel waiting for the state to act first

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Enel will only answer the basic question whether Slovenske elektrarne will complete the reactors 3 and 4 in nuclear power plant in Mochovce next year. Initial analyses made by Enel indicate that the completion of Mochovce would cost over 60 billions Sk (1,54 billions EUR). Since National Property Fund has approved the strategic investment plan two more conditions have to be met before Enel can acquire Slovenske elektrarne. The first condition is that a part of the company assets has to taken over by state owned joint stock company GovCo. This regards reactor V-1 in nuclear power plant Jaslovske Bohunice that should be made ready for closure by end of 2008, damaged reactor A-1, nuclear equipment decommissioning and disposal unit VYZ and hydroelectric power plant in Gabcikovo. The other condition that still has to be fulfilled is passing of a new act on disposal of nuclear power generating equipment. The new act should distribute the fund's resources amongst the individual nuclear energy sources. M. Arcelli (regional manager of Enel for Slovakia) stresses that the money nuclear power station in Mochovce and V-2 earned and will earn during their time in operation will have to remain in the fund to cover their later liquidation i.e. should not be used on liquidation of reactors V-1 or A-1. (authors)

  13. Improving environmental aspects of the production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the 90-ies Slovenske elektrarne have been gradually improving the environmental aspects of their generation. At the thermal power plants of Novaky and Vojany they have developed the equipment for fl u-gas desulphurization and denitrification, replaced the old boilers by fluidized-bed boilers, and installed automatic monitoring systems. At Vojany they have increased the share of co-fi red wood-chips, and at this site and at Mochovce they have built two new photovoltaic power plants. Clean energy from the nuclear and renewable sources increased 85% in 2010. (author)

  14. The Slovaks support completion of MO34

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This year (2007) in March a reputable international agency GfK conducted a poll, which was focused primarily on the questions relating to the presence and future of nuclear energy sector in Slovakia as well as brand awareness of Slovenske elektrarne. It results from the poll that 2/3 of Slovak population is not against the completion of Units 3 and 4 of Mochovce NPP (EMO34), and this relates to as much as 87 % of the asked in the region within a 10 km distance from EMO! (author)

  15. Not only by the Slovak roads but by railway too

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conditioned radioactive wastes from Jaslovske Bohunice NPP and from the decommissioning process of the A-1 NPP are deposited in the Republic disposal site of radioactive wastes in Mochovce since 2000 year. These wastes are transported nowadays by the roads. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) are implementing new model of transport of dangerous expenditures. During 2005 radioactive wastes open to transport not only by the Slovak roads but by railway too. For needs of transport three special wagons and 12 transport-operating frames were manufactured, which will serve for fixation during all transport cycle. Within one transport 12 containers will be transported by the same mail. At the transhipment station in Mochovce they will be reloaded on the lorry-trailer combination, which will transport them by the road to the object of the disposal site

  16. Changes in SE has rounded the minister

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After transformation of filial companies of Slovenske elektrarne (SE) a.s, Bratislava to separate enterprises, a change of its managers also arose to 1 August. The changes were announced by executive chairman and general manager of SE Miroslav Rapsik. Minister of economy Robert Nemcsics has not participated in companies manager selection. Robert Gunis was named as Bohunice NPP manager, Jaroslav Holubec was named as Mochovce NPP, Eduard Seboek was named as Novaky thermal power plant. Martin Slezak is chief of imposition company, Milan Fedorco is manager of Vojany thermal power plant. Vladimir Majercak has remained manager of Trencin water power plant and Jozef Guba has remained manager of uncompleted Mochovce 3-4 NPP

  17. Final treatment of liquid radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Final treatment of liquid radioactive wastes which are produced by 1st and 2nd bloc of the Mochovce NPP, prepares the NPP in its natural range. The purpose of the equipment is liquidation of wastes, which are formed at production. Wastes are warehoused in the building of active auxiliary plants in the present time, where are reservoirs in which they are deposited. Because they are already feeling and in 2006 year they should be filled definitely, it is necessary to treat them in that manner, so as they may be liquidated. Therefore the Board of directors of the Slovenske elektrarne has disposed about construction of final treatment of liquid radioactive wastes in the Mochovce NPP. Because of transport the wastes have to be treated in the locality of power plant. Technically, the final treatment of the wastes will be interconnected with building of active operation by bridges. These bridges will transport the wastes for treatment into processing centre

  18. Pertumbuhan Duddingtonia flagrans pada Air Liur, Larutan Rumen, Blok Komin, dan Agar Semen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riza Zainuddin Ahmad

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Duddingtonia flagrans is selected nematophagous fungi as biological control to nematode worm. Theaim of this research was to show that the survival of in vitro tested to D. flagrans mold growth is effectedby artificial saliva, rumen fluid, enzymes and agar-cement and comin block applicator. The testing wasdone two steps : Firstly the conidia’s was multicated and the secondly the growth of D.flagrans tested insaliva, rumen fluid and comin block, agar cement applicator. The result showed that mold could surviveand grow in condition such as in gastrointestinal fluid of sheep and in comin block and in agar-cementapplicator (1 and 2%. It can be concluded that D. flagrans could grow in medium containing rumen fluid,saliva, enzymes and comin block and agar-cement applicator.

  19. Pertumbuhan Duddingtonia flagrans pada Air Liur, Larutan Rumen, Blok Komin, dan Agar Semen

    OpenAIRE

    Riza Zainuddin Ahmad; Beriajaya -

    2010-01-01

    Duddingtonia flagrans is selected nematophagous fungi as biological control to nematode worm. Theaim of this research was to show that the survival of in vitro tested to D. flagrans mold growth is effectedby artificial saliva, rumen fluid, enzymes and agar-cement and comin block applicator. The testing wasdone two steps : Firstly the conidia’s was multicated and the secondly the growth of D.flagrans tested insaliva, rumen fluid and comin block, agar cement applicator. The result showed that m...

  20. ANALISIS PERCOBAAN FAKTORIAL UNTUK MELIHAT PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN ALAT PERAGA BLOK ALJABAR TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR ALJABAR SISWA

    OpenAIRE

    NI PUTU AYU MIRAH MARIATI; NI LUH PUTU SUCIPTAWATI; KARTIKA SARI

    2013-01-01

    The experimental design was applied in research in many different fields of science, such as in education, as used in this study. Block algebra visual aids is a visual aids in the form of the geometry model used to concretize understanding the variables and constants in the algebra which is an abstract concept. This visual aids are used as a basis for factoring algebraic forms. In connection with this, the aims of this research is to determine the effect of the application of algebra block i...

  1. Ablation of nonlinear-force driven plasma bloks for fast igniter application

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Miley, G. H.; Badziak, J.; Glowacz, S.; Jablonski, S.; Wolowski, J.; Hora, H.; Hammerling, P.X.; Osman, F.; Cang, Y.; He, X.; Peng, H.; Zhang, J.; Jungwirth, Karel; Rohlena, Karel; Ullschmied, Jiří

    Bellingham: SPIE, 2006 - (Phipps, C.), s. 626129. (Proceedings of SPIE. 6261). ISBN 0-8194-6326-4. ISSN 0277-786X. [High-Power Laser Ablation /6./. Taos, New Mexico (US), 07.05.2006-12.05.2006] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC528 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100523; CEZ:AV0Z20430508 Keywords : laser plasma * ps laser * plasma acceleration * fast ignition Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Laser s

  2. ANALISIS PERCOBAAN FAKTORIAL UNTUK MELIHAT PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN ALAT PERAGA BLOK ALJABAR TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR ALJABAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NI PUTU AYU MIRAH MARIATI

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The experimental design was applied in research in many different fields of science, such as in education, as used in this study. Block algebra visual aids is a visual aids in the form of the geometry model used to concretize understanding the variables and constants in the algebra which is an abstract concept. This visual aids are used as a basis for factoring algebraic forms. In connection with this, the aims of this research is to determine the effect of the application of algebra block in student academic achievement in class VII in the field of algebra in schools categorized as private, SSN (Sekolah Standar Nasional and the previously categorized RSBI (Rintisan Sekolah Bertaraf Internasional. The method of analysis used in this study was two-factor experimental design in a randomized block design. The results showed that the academic achievement of students in the field of algebra after learning with block algebra visual aids obtained better than the academic achievement of students who received learning without using block algebra visual aids. Moreover, it also shows that the categories of schools have a significant effect on student achievement.

  3. Equipment ageing management at the Mochovce nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NPP's first document dealing with ageing management procedures and responsibilities was issued in 1996, hence, before any of the units was operable. The concept described in the document is highlighted in the article. The description encompasses the responsibility system, procedures to set up ageing management programmes for the various equipment items, and co-operation among the various departments in implementing the ageing management programmes. The Ageing Diagnosis and Management department has available both hardware and software to fulfil the ageing management programmes. (author)

  4. Safety of nuclear power plants in Slovak Republic in the context of integration into the European Union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review of the construction and operation of nuclear power plants in Slovak Republic which belong within Slovenske Elektrarne is made. Since 1993 with the applying of the Least Cost Planning Methods and Financial Feasibility Analysis the optimal variant, considering construction completion of the two units at Mochovce NPP, has been adopted and a project for safety enhancement has been implemented. Some changes have been made in siting project in order to meet the seismic requirements, following by change of the control system design and supplier. The most important result of the safety enhancement program, important not only for NPP Mochovce, but also for all NPPs of WWER 440/213 type, is the fact, that operability of containment with passive bubbler-condenser system for pressure suppression and its acceptability from safety point of view, has been fully confirmed. Results of safety enhancement program have been re-evaluated not only by International Atomic Energy Agency, but also by other international authorities and professional organisations with positive result. Especially significant is the conclusion of RISKAUDIT, which has carried out repeated evaluation of safety level of NPP Mochovce based on PHARE project and which is accepted by European Commission. A similar approach for enhancing the safety has been applied for the NPP V-1 units at Jaslovske Bohunice

  5. Living near a nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The need to expand nuclear power and its advantages are discussed publicly nearly each week. According to politicians and the nuclear lobby investing tens of billions Sk at Mochovce will bring Slovakia the often cited 'independence and energy self-sufficiency'. It will also mean profit for Slovenske elektrarne and the company's shareholders - the state and Italian company, Enel. In addition to the lively discussion on the pros and cons of nuclear energy, TREND was also interested in the living conditions around the concrete and strictly guarded, potentially dangerous plants and in the opinion of the people most affected by Mochovce and Jaslovske Bohunice on expansion of the existing and the building of new nuclear power plants. The construction of nuclear powers stations in these regions was not only about new jobs. The state 'prescribed' iodine pills and did not allow any construction in the region and, in the case of Mochovce, ordered the complete demolition of a village. The only thing that remained from Mochovce village was the church. 'And when it was found that the power plant would not reach it, it was even given a new roof. Former inhabitants, especially the older ones that had problems accepting the evacuation, used to visit it often,' explained Jan Foldy, the head of the local municipality in Kalna nad Hronom. After many years, life in the neighbouring villages is not bad. Their budgets are overflowing and so they can afford to spoil their inhabitants with free cable TV and high standard sport facilities, which should partly compensate for the fact that the people are living so close to a nuclear facility. (authors)

  6. Energijski model za oceno življenjske dobe osi vetrne elektrarne

    OpenAIRE

    Cvetić, Miljenko

    2015-01-01

    Do sedaj je bilo projektiranje komponent vetrnega agregata usmerjeno tako, da so bile projektne obremenitve večje od tistih v resnici, s čimer so bile izpolnjene zahteve glede konservativnosti in mehanične varnosti vetrnega agregata. Os vetrnega agregata je s tem predimenzionirana, kar je s stališča varnosti ugodno, ampak zaradi večje mase povzroča dodatne zahteve glede nosilnosti stolpa in obračanja gondole. Prav tako večje dimenzije osi vplivajo na njegovo višjo ceno, kot tudi višjo ceno ve...

  7. Chance for young nuclear professionals in Slovenske Elektrarne, member of Enel Group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Main areas and opportunities for young nuclear professionals: → Further increase of safety of NPPs in operation and → Construction of two new NPP units; → Safety and efficiency of NPP decommissioning and radwaste treatment; → CENTA and R&D; → Prototype of gas cooled fast-breader reactor - ALLEGRO. Gas-cooled fast reactor (GFR) is one of the Generation IV reactor concepts and represents one of the three European candidate for fast reactor types. Conclusions: • Human resources are key assets for nuclear organization; • Knowledge of nuclear technology be managed as a resource; • Support of young nuclear professionals is our commitment

  8. Ugotavljanje izkoriščenosti vetrne elektrarne glede na meteorološke podatke

    OpenAIRE

    UŠAJ, IGOR

    2015-01-01

    S pomočjo dveh računskih metod smo analizirali, s kolikšno močjo bi obratovale ter koliko električne energije bi proizvedle določene vetrne turbine podjetja Enercon na izbranih mestih v Vipavski dolini. Izračune povprečnih moči smo v nadaljevanju opravili za vetrne turbine modelov E-70 E4, E-82 E2 in E-82 E3. Preden smo začeli z izračuni in analizo, smo s pomočjo literature na splošno opisali nastanek vetrne energije ter njenega izkoriščanja z uporabo vetrne turbine. Nato smo fizikalno ...

  9. PRIMERJAVA IZRAČUNA SENČENJA SONČNE ELEKTRARNE Z MERITVAMI

    OpenAIRE

    Železnik, Dejan

    2012-01-01

    Izkoriščanje sonca je v zadnjem času vedno bolj pogosto. Sonce, večni jedrski reaktor, je praktično neizčrpen vir obnovljive energije. Čist in donosen vir, ki nam lahko zagotovi pomemben del energije za naše potrebe. Energija, ki jo sonce seva na zemljo, je 15.000 krat večja od energije, kot jo porabi človek. To je energija, ki se obnavlja, ne onesnažuje okolja in je hkrati brezplačna. Zato, mora biti cilj izkoriščati to energijo v največjem možnem obsegu. Da bi sonce lahko čim boljše izkori...

  10. ZAŠČITA SONČNIH ELEKTRARN PRED POSLEDICAMI UDARA STRELE

    OpenAIRE

    Mešiček, Aljaž

    2011-01-01

    Sončni generator predstavlja glavni del investicije v sončno elektrarno. Zaradi velike cene in tudi izpostavljenosti sončnega generatorja (strehe …) ga moramo dobro zaščititi pred neposrednimi udari strele. Pri dimenzioniranju strelovodnega sistema moramo biti pozorni tudi na vpliv zaščitnega sistema na sončni generator (senčenje …). Diplomsko delo opisuje zaščito sončnega generatorja pred udarom strele, probleme pri določanju in dimenzioniranju strelovodnega sistema. Opira se na veljavne ...

  11. Analiza vpliva geoinženirskih parametrov na delovanje geotermalne elektrarne

    OpenAIRE

    Grošelj, Gregor

    2015-01-01

    Magistrsko delo obravnava področje izkoriščanja geotermalne energije. Izvedba geotermalnega projekta poteka fazno in se prične z geoinženirskimi raziskavami. Geoinženirske raziskave so zahtevne in drage, zato je njihov obseg omejen. Zato tudi rezultate raziskav predstavlja omejen obseg podatkov, ki imajo nizko zanesljivost zlasti v preliminarnih fazah raziskav. V magistrskem delu smo se posvetili predhodnim (preliminarnim) geoinženirskim raziskavam, ki zagotavljajo preliminarne podatke za nad...

  12. Environmental report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Environmental Report contains the results of the joint stock company Slovenske Elektrarne (SE) in relation to the natural environment primarily for the year 2003, but it also lets us compare results with preceding years. In 2003 Slovenske Elektrarne generated a total of 26,048 GWh of electricity. In terms of the market share in the Slovak Republic, this volume accounts for almost 84 % of electricity produced. Despite an extremely dry year, when outages in production of hydropower plants were 23 % more than planned, we managed to maintain the share of production from nuclear and hydroelectric power plants at a level in excess of 80 %. The outages in production at the hydro plants meant above all that we had to increase the output of thermal plants. Despite this fact, thanks to the ecologization of units we kept up the trend of progressively reducing the volume of production of basic pollutants, which is our long-term goal. This report contains the following headings: (1) Address by the Chairman of the SE Board; (2) Environmental Policy of join-stock company SE; (3) Atmospheric protection; (4) Water management; (5) Waste management; (6) Environmental management system in SE, a.s.; (7) Funding for environmental protection; (8) Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant SE-EBO; (9) Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant SE-EMO; (10) The Facility for decommissioning of nuclear facilities, radioactive waste and spent fuel management SE-VYZ; (11) Vojany Power Plant SE-EVO; (12) Novaky Power Plant SE-ENO; (13) Hydroelectric Power Plants SE-VE; (14) Units 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant SE-MO 34

  13. ANALISA ELECTRODE CONSUMABLE TYPE OK AUTROD 12.10 PENGELASAN SUBMERGED ARC WELDING PADA BLOK-BLOK KAPAL DCV 18500 DWT DI PT. JASA MARINA INDAH UNIT II SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukanto Jatmiko

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In this globalization era technological advances growed very fast. In shipping industry of development process shipbuilding of principal feedstock to used steel plate, with construction tacking on using welder method.In this research purpose of lifted is know number of requirement (consumable electrode for welder SAW at block-block ship DCV 18500 DWT in PT. Jasa Marina Indah Semarang.At this experiment specimen applied is low carbon steel of type ST 42 with thickness of 12, 13, 14, 17, 19 dan 24 mm. Research is done by the way of making specimen at every plate thickness. Then is done path measurement of length, used electrode length, and weight flux applied at the welder.From result of gauging and data calculation welder at block DB 5(p/c/s, SS5A(p/s, SS 5B(p/s, UD 5C, and TB 102 (p/c/s will be known number of electrodes applied in welder SAW and number of flux used.

  14. Perbandingan Epidural Volume Extension 5 mL dan 10 mL Salin 0,9% pada Spinal Anestesi dengan Bupivakain 0,5% 10 mg Hiperbarik terhadap Tinggi Blok Sensorik dan Pemulihan Blok Motorik pada Seksio Sesare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Indra Putra

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Epidural volume extension (EVE is a modified form of combined spinal epidural with normal saline injected into the epidural space after the intrathecal dose. EVE techniques increases the level of sensory block resulting from the volume effects when the volume of fluid in the epidural space suppresses the dural sac and causes the cephalad spread of local anesthetic. The aim of this research was to assess differences in the effects of 5 mL EVE and 10 mL EVE by 0.9% saline with 10 mg 0.5% bupivacaine on sensory block height and motor block recovery in caesarean section patients. This research was carried out from mid September to November 2014 in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. This was a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted on 30 patients who underwent caesarean section (SC and divided randomly into two groups, namely group receiving 10 mL EVE and group receiving 5 mL EVE with a spinal epidural combination anesthesia. The assessment of sensory block height was performed using the pinprick test while bromage score test were used for motor block recovery. The data was analyzed using t test. The results showed a faster recovery of motor block in the research subjects using 10 mL EVE compared to those using 5 mL EVE (p<0.001. The conclusion from this study is that the administration of 10 mL EVE in patients who underwent caesarean section leads to a faster motor block recovery with the same sensory block height.

  15. Perubahan Penutupan Hutan di Sekitar Blok Barat Hutan Batang Toru Wilayah Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah dan Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhinya.

    OpenAIRE

    Adil, Arif

    2015-01-01

    West Block of Batang Toru Forest known as important area for biodiversity conservation and livelihood support systems continuity of the wider community. The close relation between economyc activity, social community and physical condition with Batang Toru forest cover visible from its forest cover change because of deforestation. Starting from this, this study aims to determine the land use change from forest to non-forest and its causes in terms of social, economic and physical. This study ...

  16. The granolites from Tanquinho blok, Bahia - Example of metamorphic and metassomatic evolution in a magmatic sequence, during the Transamazonic cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Petrographic and geochemical study of the granulitic rocks from Tanquinho block, in NE of Bahia state, Brazil. The petrographic analysis showed four differents groups of granulitic rocks. This work explains, through the minerals coexistence, through the time of its inclusion in the rocks and by the minerals transformation process, the kind of the rocks facies and the transformation process it was subfected. Through the geochemical observation of the different elements, like Na, Al and K conduct, wich showed be the rock from magmatic origin. The elements observation, like Zr, Ti, Nb and Y, permit classify the rock complex in a sublakaline serie, diversified by the fractional crystallization process. The variable elements conduct - K, Na, Rb and Si, showed the important migration which is perfectly concordant with the petrographic observations. (C.D.G.)

  17. Badania przemieszczeń masowych bloków skałnych Szczelińca Wielkiego

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cacoń, S.; Makolski, K.; Košťák, Blahoslav; Kaczalek, M.

    Wrocław : WIND Wrocław, 2011 - (Chodak, T.; Kabala, C.; Kaszubkiewicz, J.; Wojewoda, J.), s. 105-112 ISBN 978-83-922330-4-6 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA205/06/1828; GA ČR GA205/09/2024; GA MŠk OC 625.10 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30460519 Keywords : rock blocks * geo detic measurements * crack.gauge observations Subject RIV: DO - Wilderness Conservation

  18. Eksplorasi Tumbuhan Obat dan Pemanfaatannya (Studi Kasus: Hutan Batang Toru Blok Barat, Kecamatan Adiankoting, Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara)

    OpenAIRE

    Marbun, Eko Rumondang

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the research was to know about the kindly and potential of medicinal plants found in Batang Toru Forest Block West, Adiankoting district. The research was done in April to June 2014 by data collection, interviews with the public, and field sampling. Field sampling was conducted by using a combination of methods to track and laying checkered line sample units in systematic sampling with random start. The research result showed 43 species of medicinal plants. From 43 species,...

  19. VUEZ. Annual report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2006 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Company profile; (3) Organisational structure; (4) Portfolio of products and services in 2006; (5) Quality management system; (6) Human resources; (7) Financial statements and auditor's report; (8) Auditor's certificate; (9) Basic and contact data. The year 2006 was a year of changes in the Slovak energy sector what, in a certain degree, became evident also in the related sphere of supplies. In the course of the year, Slovenske elektrarne a.s. Company was divided into two entities and its proprietary structure was changed. At the same time, the number of capital investment projects was reduced and the related procedure of procurement was changed. VUEZ, as a supplier to the energy sector, had to promptly respond to the changes. That was why in the first half of 2006, the organisational structure of VUEZ was modified. In the course of the year, also the structure of customers on the domestic market was partly changed. To stable partners such as Slovenske elektrarne (and its successors after the company splitting), another important partner was added - Vodohospodarska vystavba s.p. Bratislava. As to Slovenske elektrarne, our supplies were oriented mainly on nuclear reactor units in the Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce NPPs. At the end of the year, a joint convention was agreed and concluded on application of the results of the joint research at third parties. In the preparation for the decommissioning of the Jaslovske Bohunice V1 NPP, VUEZ continued its participation in on-going projects of an international consortium of companies. Similarly important were the customers such as CEZ a.s., Czech Republic (in particular its Dukovany NPP), and the Paks NPP (Hungary)

  20. Investigation of reactor pressure vessel steels after radiation degradations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The degradation of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steel is a complex process depending on many factors (thermal and radiation treatment, chemical compositions, preparing conditions, ageing, operation environment, etc.). This paper describes tests based on Nondestructive Methods used for evaluation of material characterisation at Slovenske Elektrarne a.s. Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy (PAS), Moessbauer Spectroscopy (MS) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) investigate microstructure changes of Reactor Pressure Vessel steels caused neutrons irradiation. There are showed results of investigation of reactor pressure vessel steel specimens after five years irradiation in reactor nature by mentioned NDT methods. Investigated specimens has been prepared for the Extended surveillance specimen program which has run out on the 3rd and 4th units of NPP Jaslovske Bohunice and for the Modified surveillance specimen program in the 1st and 2nd unit which is continued in NPP Mochovce (Slovakia). PAS and MS spectra showed that the degradation of the steel properties associated with the effects of neutron irradiation can be well detected. The samples from RPV base metal (15Kh2MFA) and weld metal (Sv 10KhMFT) were measured by PAS and MS before and after irradiation. Samples have been irradiated in VVER-440 reactor (units 3rd and 4th in Bohunice as well as 1st and 2nd units Mochovce) by neutron fluency from 7.8 1023 m-2 up to 2.5 1024 m-2. Measurement results are presented and discussed in detail.(author)

  1. Annex V. Project re-start management experience Mochovce unit 3 and 4 NPP, Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this report is to describe the re-starting phase of DNPP MO 34 Project, mainly focusing on management issues. The report consists of three main parts dealing with the Project management organization during the three different periods of the of DNPP re-starting process. The first part (Chapter 2) begins with the general background information about the NPP and then focuses on the pre-feasibility and feasibility study. The second part (chapter 3) deals with the current status of the plant and it stresses the main steps of the DNPP Project resuming after completion of the feasibility study. The third part (Chapter 4) outlines the main issues related to the criticality of a typical DNPP Project (e.g. preservation and maintenance of equipments, updating to technological and regulatory requirements, human resources, protection of design documentation, etc.) and the measures implemented in MO 34. The hereby presented content reflects the experience and good practices concerning the following main management issues: - project control measures; - human resources; - preservation and maintenance of site installations, structures and equipment; - updating of the whole Project to meet licensing requirements and technology upgrades; - preservation of Project documentation. (author)

  2. The common project for completion of Bubbler Condenser Qualification (Bohunice, Mochovce, Dukovany and Paks NPPs)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Described is the common project for completion of bubbler condenser qualification for nuclear power plants in Bohunice, Mochovice, Dukovany and Paks. Functionality of the bubbler condenser was elaborated during the simulation of the main steam line brake, medium break and small break LOCA. On this basis the appropriate operation of bubbler condenser containment under accident conditions can be positively confirmed

  3. The Slovak nuclear regulatory authority and start-up of the Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A major element of providing information is the demonstration that the area of nuclear energy uses has its binding rules in the Slovak Republic and the observance thereof is controlled by the state through an independent institution Slovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority (UJD). As early as 1995 were laid on the UJD the foundations of the concept of broadly keeping the public informed on UJD activity and the safety of nuclear installations by opening the UJD Information Centre that provides by its activity communications with the public and mass media, which is instrumental in creating in the public a favourable picture of the independent state nuclear regulation. Clear communication policy is the key to credibility and is based on perceptions which give ride to varying levels of confidence. It has been consistently found in opinion research that credibility is the single most powerful persuasive force. Public communication programmes are the principal currency for the Regulatory Authority to inform the public on issues like costs, benefit requirements and risks

  4. NPP Mochovce unit 1 and 2. Bubbler condenser strength behavior at LOCA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bubbler condenser strength behavior at maximum pressure difference possible under-loss of coolant accident (LOCA) conditions was evaluate. The results and observations of static testing: static overpressure was gradually increased until the stipulated maximum of 30 kPa was reached; plastic deformations of the walls include ribs; plastic hinges at mid height of the side wall stiffeners; deformation of bottom and ceiling sheet remained elastic; functional capability of BC remained preserved. It was concluded: an overpressure of 20 kPa is adequate for the structural evaluation at the initial phase of the accident; low frequency pulsation effects during condensation have amplitudes less than or equal to 5 kPa; relevant swell or chugging effects have not been observed. Conclusions for upgrading: sheet structures of the tray chambers in the regular floors (1st to 11th floor) are evidently capable to resist an overpressure of 20 kPa without a reinforcement; functional capability remained preserved under a static overpressure of 30 kPa in the experimental verification; a similar strength capacity of the tray chamber on the 12th floor has not been demonstrated by analysis and could not be verified by experiment; a sufficient functionality of BC is preserved even when this way tray level would fail. The global stability of the storey remains preserved. A reinforced of the sheet construction is not proposed; main floor beams located under the side walls shall be upgraded. Spacers with screw jack shall be inserted between the tray wall elements at the bottom of BC in the 2nd to 11th floor, and between the interrupted ceiling ribs in the 1st to 10th floor. Main floor beams under the side walls in the 1st to 11th floor will be upgraded using existing beams and new or modified anchorage; beams in the bottom floor shall be protected from uplift. Struts installed between the beams of the 1st and 2nd floor are designed for

  5. ZMANJŠANJE EMISIJ CO2 V ZASAVJU S POMOČJO VGRADNJE SONČNIH ELEKTRARN

    OpenAIRE

    Šoper, Janez

    2013-01-01

    V današnjem času si je skoraj nemogoče predstavljati naš vsakdan brez potrebe po rabi električne energije. Ljudje iz dneva v dan postajamo vse večji porabniki električne energije, s tem pa se posledično povečujejo potrebe po dodatni proizvodnji električne energije. Da se s povečanjem potreb ne poveča obremenjevanje okolja pri proizvodnji elektrike s pomočjo termoelektrarn, so obnovljivi viri energije (OVE) prava pot za prihodnost. Prav tako cene fosilnih goriv strmo naraščajo in prekomerna po...

  6. Environmental report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Environmental Report contains the results of the joint stock company Slovenske Elektrarne in relation to the natural environment primarily for the year 2003, but it also lets us compare results with preceding years. In 2003 Slovenske Elektrarne generated a total of 26,048 GWh of electricity. In terms of the market share in the Slovak Republic, this volume accounts for almost 84 % of electricity produced. Despite an extremely dry year, when outages in production of hydropower plants were 23 % more than planned, we managed to maintain the share of production from nuclear and hydroelectric power plants at a level in excess of 80 %. The outages in production at the hydro plants meant above all that we had to increase the output of thermal plants. Despite this fact, thanks to the ecologisation of units we kept up the trend of progressively reducing the volume of production of basic pollutants, which is our long-term goal. I would just like to point out some of the key events of 2003 with regard to the environment. In the preceding year, the Mochovce nuclear power plant was first to be awarded the environmental management system certificate in line with ISO 14001:1996. We progressed in 2003 and managed to successfully pass the certification process also for Novaky thermal power plant and Bohunice nuclear power plant, with this process also being started in the group of hydroelectric power plants. Another significant achievement in 2003 concerned the results regarding emissions of pollutants at Vojany power plant. After extensive investments into the ecologisation of SE-EVO, emissions of SO2 are now just 3 %, emissions of dust pollutants 23 %, and emissions of NOx 24% - in comparison with the year 1980. (author)

  7. Kajian Total Productive Maintenance Pada Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Gas Dan Uap Blok I St 1.0 Sicanang Belawan Dengan Metode Overall Equipment Effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Sitanggang, Hasber F. H.

    2015-01-01

    PT. PLN (Persero) is a company engaged in the producer of electrical energy which is inseparable from the effectiveness of machinery and equipment problems caused by the six big losses. The impact of these problems will interfere with the machine work in accordance with the results that should be achieved. Hence the need for special attention regarding the maintenance and care of the machine with the purpose of the machine is capable of committing a longer production process and generate a p...

  8. Pengaruh Higiene dan Sanitasi Lingkungan terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Tuberkulosis Paru pada Warga Binaan Pemasyarakatan di Blok D Rumah Tahanan Negara Klas I Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Masdalena

    2012-01-01

    Cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in Medan City 2010 noted as 918 people with prevalence as 45,9/100,000 population. Based on preliminary surveys in the Class I State Penitentiary Medan in 2010, found 59 inmates suffering from lung tuberculosis and 14 of them suffering from lung tuberculosis after became inmates. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of environmental sanitation and hygiene on the incident of lung tuberculosis in the inmates of Block D at the Class I State ...

  9. Environmental report 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Environmental Report for 2002 of the Slovak Electric, plc (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.) is intended to provide information on the results achieved regarding the protection and creation of the environment over the course of the year and continue the communication process. A significant process, which began at SE, a. s., in 1998, was the construction and implementation of an environmental management system in accordance with the ISO 14 001:1996 standard. From August to September 2002, a pre-certification audit and certification audit was successfully undertaken at Mochovce nuclear power plant, and the certificate was awarded at a ceremony held on 11. 12. 2002 in Levice. The company plans that in the period 2003 to 2004 all the branch plants of SE, a. s., will undergo the certification process. After Mochovce nuclear power plant obtained the certificate the environmental management system became part of the overall management system. In accordance with our stated long-term and short-term environmental goals, the company is gradually redirecting its focus from atmospheric protection to water protection. Last year, a significant investment project in this area was the ecologisation of the external substation at the SE-VYZ branch plant. The main benefit of this project was a significant reduction of the risk of the contamination of the soil and groundwater by oil-based substances. At Vojany power plant, the test operation of units 5 and 6 of EVO I with an output of 2 x 110 MWe continued in 2002. These units were upgraded in past years to use the more environmentally friendly fluidized-bed combustion of semi-anthracite black coal. Thanks to their satisfactory test operation, the production of SO2 at SE-EVO fell to the lowest level in the plant's history - 6 041 tons, which represents a reduction in comparison with 2001 by 40 %. (author)

  10. VUEZ. Annual report 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2008 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Company profile; (3) Portfolio of products and service 2007; (4) Quality management system; (5) Organisational Structure; (6) Human resources; (7) Financial statements and auditor's report; (8) Basic and contact data; (9) Contact data. The year 2007 was arduous and, with regard to contracts and projects performed and related profits, also successful for VUEZ, a.s. On the domestic market, our principal customers have bee companies such as Slovenske elektrarne - Enel, Bratislava, in its locations of Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce, Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, Jaslovske Bohunice, and Vodohospodarska vystavba, Bratislava. Equally important customers for our company have been operators of foreign nuclear power plants, namely CEZ, a.s. (Czech Republic) and the Paks NPP (Hungary). In the course of 2007, negotiations and offer proceedings were initiated with WWER nuclear power plants in Ukraine and Russia

  11. Application of modern measuring and data processing instrumentation in the construction of cooling towers in the Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The specifications are presented of the cooling tower and the calculation is described of the permissible geometric shape deviation. The polar method was used in laying out the cooling tower and the process was based on the local layout network. The least squares method was used in calculating and aligning the coordinates. Digital theodolites were used in measuring the profile. The instruments allowed automating the collection and processing of the measured data. (E.J.)

  12. Vulnerability of steam generator super-emergency feeding. Super-emergency feedwater system for the Mochovce NPP steam-generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following major requirements and criteria fulfillment concerned the super-emergency feedwater system (SEFW) system were proposed: to provide sufficient water amount for accident conditions, inclusive seismicity, even during required SEFW system operation for the time period of 72 hours; to analyse ensuring of residual heat removal in case of a station black-out; to state criteria for water supply by the SEFW system into the steam generators (SGs); to simplify the existing connection scheme inclusive decreasing the number of valves, which are in series; to analyse and provide the system protection against a common cause failure, which the SEFW system did not provide in some parts (possibilities of three systems failure due to flooding; vulnerability of all tanks by the operation building fall in case of a seismic event; vulnerability of all tanks due to extreme climatic conditions; vulnerability of all tanks during new seismic loading and consequent mutual endangering; the possibility of three systems failure due to common routing in the vicinity of high; energy media on the +14,7 m floor in the intermediate machinery building and due to inconsistent electrical valves secured power supply systems); to analyse temperature increase impact on the number of uses and lifetime of SGs; to perform a change of SEFW system pipelines routing layout outside the dangerous area of the +14,7 m floor in the intermediate machinery building with high energy media; checking the thanks autonomy. There were performed analyses of selected transient operation modes. The analyses had the following objectives: necessary flowrate of the SEFW in case of the primary side stabilised temperature of 140 C till 72 hours of the process duration; sufficient capacity of one subsystem for the supply of sufficient water amount; sufficient water reserve in the tanks at given conditions; and other. Accident situations were evaluated using an analysis and three characteristic operation modes were selected, out of them each covers a group of ana-logical processes: operating mode with feedwater loss; operating mode with station black-out; operating mode during an earthquake

  13. Monitoring of I-131 after Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster and a correction of contribution of I-131 in the discharges of Slovenske elektrarne, Bohunice nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After the earthquake and subsequent tsunami in March 2011 Fukushima nuclear power reactors in Japan were damaged. As a result of damage of reactors escaped into air iodine radioactive isotopes which were dispersed by air masses over Europe and Slovakia. Isotope I-131 was identified in samples of the atmosphere and the abstraction of Radiation Control SE EBO. The air from the atmosphere contaminated with isotopes of iodine from the Fukushima ventilation systems that do not contain iodine filters, sucked into the interior of the controlled area, then released in organised way and then measured in the ventilation chimneys of EBO NPP. The measured values thus entered a balance of radioactive discharges. Drain of I-131 from SE EBO was in that period plus a contribution coming from Fukushima NPP and measured activity I-131 had to be corrected.

  14. What Enel and Rusko will not find in the privatization documents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lawyers of Enel will be spending the pre-Christmas period studying the transaction documents relating to the privatization of a 66% stake in Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric). At the beginning of the year, the Italian company Enel is set to sign the document that Cabinet approved in December 2004. Neither the draft privatization documents, nor the version approved by Parliament are publicly available. The Ministry promised to publish them after Enel signed the contracts. But Cabinet-level discussions prior to the approval of the documents uncovered problematic parts of the agreements related to the relationship between Enel, Slovak Electric and the state. Lawyers are examining the changes that were implemented based on recommendations of Cabinet members during the period after the postponement of the signing of the contract. Minister Pavol Rusko does not expect that Enel will reject the approved conditions, as that would mean the end of negotiations. But despite this, TREND asked whether he had an alternative plan prepared for such an eventuality. The Minister repeated that he had no doubt that the sale would be completed successfully and as of June Enel would become the new majority shareholder of Slovak Electric. He believes the 'the contract, which was very thoroughly prepared, will be very acceptable for both the selling and purchasing parties'. However, both the lawyers of Enel and the Minister should be aware of new facts they cannot be found in the privatisation documentation. And this is good news for both parties. This week Slovak Electric completed the process of financial restructuring and fulfilled the 'stabilization scenario'. Debt repayment has been postponed, debts will be repayable under standard conditions and will reflect the current capacity of the loan market. State guarantees have been decreased to a minimum and Slovak Electric will be able to request a new rating. More good news, mainly for P. Rusko, although he has not spoken

  15. Monopolist requires totally liberalization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s, Bratislava in present time operates some sources, which would be off at normal conditions. It was caused by high electricity price on European markets. It is possible to sell 1 MWh for 12 thousands Slovak crowns abroad in last months. It is also advantageous to initialise thermal sources for power plant, where variable expenses are higher - from 1200 to 1300 Slovak crowns per MWh. SE are mainly trying to sell most of electricity on domestic market because returnability of dominant nuclear power plants was projected for this market. Utilizing capacities profit via domestic market covers fixed costs of power plants. Besides, power plant can demand regulated price 1272 Slovak crowns per 1 MWh. SE sources have capacity of 6800 MW, but maximal daily load uses for example in December approximately 4000 MW. Overflows are more higher in the summer - load dropped to 2200 MW in the beginning of September in last year. It is noted in issue that price increase in Europe is noticed. Price of primary power electricity will remain at liquid markets at 28 Euro (1176 Slovak crowns) in the following year prices fluctuate from 38 to 40 Euro (to 1700 Slovak crowns) per 1 MW at load peaks. Price increase is caused by lack of sources - it does not keep up to satisfy demand increase. Sources are gradually laid up and no new sources are built. Production capacities will decrease also in SE - by laying up of two 440 MW blocks of Bohunice NPP V-1. Price increase trend will continue according to SE businessmen till it is advantageous to build new source. Present price trend can be accelerated by decision about completing of Mochovce NPP 3-4

  16. VUEZ. Annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2003 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Mission and vision; (3) Basic data; (4) Product portfolio and customer services; (5) VUEZ - Quality mark; (6) Economic data; (7) Auditor's certificate; (8) Contact persons and addresses. In 2003, a number of important events took place in VUEZ. From the standpoint of international activities, a significant event was VUEZ involvement in the process or the preparation for the V-1 NPP decommissioning. VUEZ company became a subcontractor to the Consultant to the Project Management Unit who is an international Consortium consisting of Iberdrola Ingenieria Y Consultoria S.A., Electricite de France, Empresarios Agrupados Intemacional S.A. and Soluziona Ingenierfa S.A. In the field of experimental research, activities within the research and development project with IRSN Paris were successfully continuing. As to increasing the leak-tightness of NPP hermetic compartments, relevant works were executed at the Dukovany and Paks NPPs. For a business partner from Hungary, a project was initiated related to the manufacture and delivery of air locks. Predominant VUEZ capacities concentrated on Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) a.s. Company in the Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce sites. In addition to major sealing works and periodical integrated leakage rate tests at individual reactor units, VUEZ participated also in the upgrading of the V-2 NPP. Design work was implemented through ADVING, a daughter company of VUEZ; erection and installation works within the project were performed by relevant VUEZ departments during refuelling outages at the V-2 NPP

  17. What were we like in 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (SE) entered the year 2008 with a determination to achieve the best possible profit from power production. During the process of production optimization were taken into account external conditions, which were mentioned in the last issue. The result is SE supply reaching 22 251 GWh. Very satisfactory for us is the fact that high fulfillments by nuclear power plants have exceeded the expectations. Bohunice V1 NPP up to 103%, Bohunice V2 NPP up to 104,5% and Mochovce NPP up to 102, 9%. Nonfulfillment of hydroelectric and thermal power plants is a result of objective reasons- as for thermal power plants due to market conditions and in case of hydroelectric power plants this has been a result of hydrological reasons. Just a few words to a crisis that appeared in January 2009. When we look back, we have to divide the issue into two periods (crises). The first one is an economic crisis the consequences of which were apparent already in December, where the providers of supporting services among industrial customers were unable to guarantee those services (the service is activated by reduction of consumption and since then there was no sale of their products, they cut off their production, i.e. power production, and as a consequence, no reserve for Ss remained.) Missing supporting services have been purchased by a transmission system provider on both daily and monthly basis. There was a demand for SRV, TRV30MIN, + TRV3MIN+, however, there were no extreme values. (author)

  18. Blokáda AT1 receptorov losartanom zvyšuje expresiu renínu v kore ale nie v dreni nadobličky u potkana

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Zórad, Š.; Železná, Blanka; Tybitanclová, K.

    Praha : Galen, 2004 - (Houdek, L.), s. 1 ISBN 80-7262-288-9. [Konference České společnosti pro hypertenzi /21./, Konference pracovní skupiny Preventivní kardiologie ČKS /13./, Konference pracovní skupiny Srdeční selhání ČKS. Lázně Jeseník (CZ), 07.10.2004-09.10.2004] Grant ostatní: VEGA(SK) 2/7213/22 Keywords : AT1 receptor losartan renin Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  19. Upaya Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Dalam Mengelola Sampah Anorganik Melalui Bank Sampah(Studi Kasus : Di Bank Sampah Simpan Jadi Emas Lingkungan V Blok B Lorong II Kelurahan Belawan Sicanang Kecamatan Medan Belawan)

    OpenAIRE

    Mujahiddin

    2015-01-01

    This research will in the foreground by the ever increasing waste production numbers from year to year, especially in the city of Medan. If waste management cannot be performed optimally will certainly have an impact on the environment and public health itself. If seen through the eyes of socio-economic, waste management a less well may form environment unpleasant for people like the appearance of the unpleasant smell and influential to the visits of tourism, and the fall in public health tha...

  20. Environmental report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the tenth Environmental Report we have been regularly issuing annually since 1996 in order to give you information about our efforts and activities taken in the environmental protection area and, at the same time, to keep the mutual dialogue on a standard high level. The year 2005 was not easy for Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. Our company was subject to complicated internal changes to implement as effective company management model as possible. We strove, above all, to enhance the process management system that had already been developed previously. It is true that we also had to resolve personnel matters when looking for an effective power engineering company management model and we had to part from many of our colleagues during that stage. The second priority task we faced was to make preparations for the takeover of our company by the Italian company ENEL, S.p.A., and to complete the privatization process covering 66 % of Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., stock. It was especially the second half of 2005 that brought very intensive mutual discussions and working negotiations held on all management levels. The third, but not less significant, task consisted in detaching the assets which would not be covered by the privatization, namely to detach the Set of Gabcikovo Hydro Power Plants, to detach the VYZ - Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations, Radioactive Treatment and Spent Fuel Management Plant and the EBO V-1 Plant. Despite relatively complicated conditions and the opened and liberalized market in the Slovak Republic, our company produced 26,470,901 MWh of electricity whereby the target was met to 115.00 %. Our company kept the stability of the electric power supply system of the Slovak Republic, despite a complicated situation in the area of electric power supplies in Europe. We can really state that we produced in a safe, reliable, ecological and economical manner. The reliable operations of nuclear power plants in Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce where 17

  1. Safety provisions for steam generator in Mochovce nuclear power plant. BO CI 04 Integrity of primary collectors of VVER 440 steam generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper dealt with the identification of possible damaging mechanism of the collector of the WWER 440 steam generator, cracking of primary collectors, corrosion damage of the protective coat of the primary collector circumferential weld, cracking of breathing space in the region of blinding effect by corrosion and strain, leaking of disassembling joint of the primary collector lid and with the integrity of heat exchanging tubes

  2. Model požara ob prometni nesreči v bližini jedrske elektrarne: Model of an accident-induced fire around a nuclear power plant:

    OpenAIRE

    Petelin, Stojan; Vidmar, Peter

    2006-01-01

    The basic aim of this paper is to research the relevant features of the control and management of an outdoor fire event and its influence on the safety of the surrounding area. The work is based on an analytical study of the fire's origin, its development and spread. A computer program called FDS (Fire Dynamic Simulator) is used in the work to simulate the fire's behaviour.A program based on the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamic) model usingthe LES (Large Eddie Simulation) is used to calculate...

  3. Correlations between radiographic assessments and MRI features of knee osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbergsen, H.; Lohmander, L. S.; Jones, G.;

    2013-01-01

    coefficients. RESULTS: The average patient was 63 years of age, female and had a BMI of 37. KL gradings correlated to cartilage damage, bone marrow lesions and meniscus pathology (r=0.15-0.76) and similar results were found for the relationship between BLOKS and mJSW. BLOKS assessed knee joint pathology co...

  4. Statement of participants at the International Conference on Can Slovakia secure energy supply and sustainable development without nuclear?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The participants at the Conference called on decision makers both in the European Union (EU) and in Slovakia to provide fair treatment to nuclear power compared with other energy sources, especially with renewable, without prejudice to nuclear safety. This implies ensuring equality in terms of economics, tax, and accounting for externalities. The participants called on the Slovak government to initiate studies that compare the full life-cycle costs, impacts and risks, across the spectrum of energy sources and uses. They should also internalize the external costs. The participants called for a debate on the Slovak energy needs, taking into account the environmental impact of all potential sources of energy and the costs of providing electricity from those sources, and in addition a rational and objective analysis of the security of supply of those sources. It is necessary to have a range of sources for electricity generation that are cost effective and reliable, and respect the environment. The Slovak economy cannot withstand a sudden loss of its guaranteed energy supply. The participants believe that the major government role is setting overall policy for the economy, energy and the environment, with an adequate base in legislation and institutional competence. The Slovak government should have clear strategies for achieving self-sufficient energy-policy goals with reserve power and for meeting climate-change and air-quality goals. The Conference concluded that the nuclear option should remain open in Slovakia, as part of a balanced energy mix, in line with developments abroad and the EU Green Paper from 2000; the alternative is Slovak's failure to secure an affordable energy supply for its citizens. The participants supported the completion of Mochovce 3, 4, complying with enhanced safety requirements, as the most effective option. In Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) privatization, the government should insist on as large an involvement of Slovak firms in the

  5. Centres of scientific, technical and economic information in newly established organizations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The establishment and development of the information centre operating within the Mochovce nuclear power plant are described. The centre operates librarian, documentation and publication services. (E.S.)

  6. Městský blok mezi ulicemi Údolni, Úvoz, Tvrdého, Všetičkova a Jiřikovskeho v Brně Podtitul: Ulice Údolni - urbanistické otazníky

    OpenAIRE

    Jánošíková, Zuzana

    2016-01-01

    Mým prvním zadáním bylo řešit ulici Údolní z hlediska urbanismu. Vytipovat kladné a záporné oblasti a místa. A navrhnout jejich řešení i v návaznosti na historii. Po analýzách a důkladném prozkoumání ulice, jsem našla několik nedostatkových míst. Prvním je prostor naproti Obilnému trhu + areál ombudsmana. Podle mého názoru se tato stavba sem nehodí a nahradila bych ji bytovými domy s obchodním parterem, tak jak tomu bylo i v minulosti. V nedávné době vybudovaná zahrada, která spojuje park na ...

  7. 15- 17 YAŞ GRUBU ERKEK HENTBOLCULARA UYGULANAN ÜST VE ALT EKSTREMİTEYE YÖNELİK PLİOMETRİK ANTRENMANLARIN DİKEY SIÇRAMA PERFORMANSINA ve BLOK ÜSTÜ ŞUT ATIŞI İSABETLİLİK ORANINA ETKİSİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI

    OpenAIRE

    ÜRER, Semih; Kilinç, Fatih

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of plyometric training method on vertical jump performance and block-above shot hitting ratio at 15-17 age group handball players who take education from High School. Mean age was 15.86±0.8 years, mean sport age was 4±1,9 years, mean height was 173,50±6,8 cm and mean body weight was 65±12.61 kg of handball players participated to research. 6 weeks plyometric training program was applied to players. Beginning and end of training programs, verti...

  8. FOTONAPETOSTNI SISTEM V OMREŽNEM IN OTOČNEM NAČINU DELOVANJA

    OpenAIRE

    Bohorč, Mitja

    2015-01-01

    V diplomskem delu je obravnavan fotonapetostni sistem elektrarne, katerega princip delovanja se razlikuje od klasičnih fotonapetostnih elektrarn, saj omogoča omrežni in otočni način delovanja. V diplomskem delu je podan opis fotonapetostne elektrarne, ki obsega tudi osnovne opise fotonapetostnih celic, modulov in razsmernikov. Ker je tema diplomskega dela omrežno-otočni fotonapetostni sistem, delo vključuje tudi osnovni opis o solarnih baterijah (akumulatorjih). V nadaljevanju je predstavljen...

  9. Slovak National Prize for Quality 2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Competition for the Slovak National Prize for Quality is a milestone in the history of the Mochovce NPP. The Mochovce NPP won the prize in 2004. The article describes in detail the preparatory efforts including not only technological issues but also various administrative challenges. The impacts of this achievement on the plant's subsequent development are also highlighted. (orig.)

  10. Safety of nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes all nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic. It informs the public about the safety of nuclear installations. The spent fuel activities and nuclear wastes storage matters are discussed separately ((NPP Bohunice V-1, NPP Bohunice V-2, NPP Mochovce, NPP Bohunice A-1, Radioactive wastes repository Mochovce, Interim spent fuel storage Bohunice)

  11. Part II. Chapter IV. We were there to take over the main responsibility and decide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this interview Mr. Milan Cagala (minister of economy of the Slovak Republic from February, 27, 1998 up to October 10, 1998) is remembering about construction and reactor commissioning of the Mochovce NPP. He highly assesses the contribution of Slovak companies and international cooperation with foreign companies in the completion of Mochovce nuclear power plant.

  12. Safe Operation of Slovak NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with safe operation of Slovak NPPs. Electricity production in Slovakia as well as in Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. (SE) is presented. Safety characteristics of SE exploitation are included.

  13. Impact of the structural changes on the nuclear safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with impact of the structural changes (privatization of the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s.) and new Atomic law (541/2004 Coll. Laws) on the nuclear safety in the Slovak Republic.

  14. Chapter 4. The operation culture of the Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the fourth chapter of this CD ROM the operation culture of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.), is presented. It consist of next paragraphs (1) Environment; (2) Personnel and social policy; (3) Public relations; (4) Consultancy

  15. Prospects of renewable energy sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne has been dealing with exploitation of hydropower potential during long-term period and conceptually. In this paper parameters of construction of new planned small-scale hydroelectric power plants on the Vah River (Slovakia) are presented.

  16. Sale of electricity to households

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Company Slovenske elektrarne (SE) Predaj has after two years of presence in the market expanded their business activities to the households segment. The first customers can be particularly employees of Slovenske elektrarne. This chance will be provided to them starting from 1 October of this year. 'The electricity supplies for households will only be supplementary segment of sales at SE Predaj Company. We will still focus mainly at businesses with higher consumption,' says director of the Company Mr. Stanislav Reguli. (author)

  17. STARANJE SREDNJE IN NIZKO NAPETOSTNIH KABLOV V JEDRSKI ELEKTRARNI KRŠKO

    OpenAIRE

    Pisanec, Jernej

    2011-01-01

    Globalno segrevanje ozračja s toplogrednimi plini, druga okoljska onesnaženja ter pomanjkanje fosilnih goriv so razlog, da stremimo k uporabi jedrskih in drugih alternativnih oblik energije za proizvodnjo električne energije. Jedrske elektrarne veljajo ob normalnih obratovalnih pogojih za ene izmed najbolj varnih, zanesljivih in predvsem čistih virov električne energije, ki razen z jedrskimi odpadki dodatno ne obremenjujejo okolja. Na varno obratovanje jedrskih elektrarn imajo velik vpl...

  18. Starting biomass co-firing in Novaky

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Co-combustion of biomass with lignite started in Novaky Power Plant (ENO) in October. With Vojany, it is the second power plant from of Slovenske elektrarne where this renewable source of energy is utilised. Biomass in the form of wooden chips is fired in a fluidized-bed boiler in the ENO A unit; it represents a minimum share of 10% in the weight volume of fuel. Slovenske elektrarne's plan is to increase gradually its weight portion. (author)

  19. Environment report 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities in environment protection carried out by the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. in 1999 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Address; (2) Electricity generation and consumption in the Slovak Republic; (3) Air protection; (4) Water management; (5) Waste management; (6) Environmental management system at Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s.; (7) Environmental protection funds; (8) Structure of SE, a.s., power installations

  20. Irradiation embrittlement monitoring of WWER-440/213 type RPV's

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The brief results from the surveillance specimen program's application on the RPV's WWER-440/213 in Jaslovske Bohunice V-2 and Mochovce NPP's was finished the standard surveillance specimen program (SSSP). On the base of SSSP critical analysis was prepared so called 'Extended Surveillance Specimen Program' (ESSP). For the first two units of the Mochovce NPP is prepared completely new program of irradiation embrittlement monitoring called 'Modern Surveillance Specimen Program' (MSSP), This program will serve for Mochovce NPP during all planned service life. The first results of ESSP from the 3-rd and 4-th units in Jaslovske Bohunice V-2 NPP are presented too. (author)

  1. Environment report 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental impacts of activities carried out by the Slovak Electric, plc is presented. These impacts are reported under the following headings: (1) Statement of the Chairman of the Board of directors; (2) Environmental policies of Slovak Electric Joint Stock Company; (3) Atmospheric Protection; (4) Water management; (5) Waste management; (6) Environmental management system of SE, a. s.; (7) Financial of the protection of the environment; (8) NPP Bohunice, o. z., Jaslovske Bohunice; (9) NPP Mochovce, o. z., Mochovce; (10) Decommissioning of nuclear installations, BSC RAO, o. z., Jaslovske Bohunice; (11) Thermal Power Station Vojany, o. z., Vojany; (12) Thermal Power Station Novaky, o. z., Zemianske Kostolany; (13) Thermal Energetic Kosice, o. z., Kosice; (14) Hydroelectric Power Plants Trencin, o. z., Trencin; (15) Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina, o. z., Dobsina; (16) Transmissive System, o. z., Bratislava; (17) 3rd and 4th block of the NPP Mochovce, o. z., Mochovce

  2. Security of energy supply, sustainable development - nuclear energy?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with the security of energy supply in the Slovak Republic (SR). Nuclear energy sector in the SR is presented. Completion of Unit 3 and 4 of the Mochovce NPP is necessary

  3. Part I. Chapter IV. Coldness is coming from Wienna

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this chapter author reviewed a political pressure of Austrian government and Austrian legislative assembly on Slovakia before fuel assembly insertion and commissioning of the Unit-1 of the Mochovce NPP. Mission of Walkdown II is described.

  4. Operating results of nuclear power plants SE, 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with operating results of Bohunice nuclear power plants and Mochovce NPP. These operating results are compared with results obtained on other NPPs with WWER reactors.

  5. SE-VYZ - Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations, Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentations processes of radioactive waste treatment in the Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Center (SE-VYZ), Jaslovske Bohunice are presented. Decommissioning of the A-1 NPP is also presented. Disposal of conditioned radioactive waste in fibre concrete containers (FCC) are transported to Mochovce from Jaslovske Bohunice by the transport truck where are reposited in the National radioactive waste repository Mochovce. The Interim spent fuel storage facility (ISFSF) is included into this presentation

  6. Annual meeting on nuclear technology '95. Technical session: East-West cooperation for reactor safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The booklet contains the following six papers: 1. International situation; 2. Five years of partnership with Germany; 3. Cooperation isar-2 with the Mochovc, Paks and Temelin plants; 4.Support of GUS (community of independent States) and MOE (central and east European) States in the establishment of nuclear licensing and surveillance authorities; 5. Scientific and technological cooperation; 7. Completion of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. (HP)

  7. AN INVENTORY OF Fissidens spp. (Fissidentaceae, Bryophyta IN CIBODAS BOTANIC GARDEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Aditya Putri Iskandar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Inventarisasi Fissidens spp. (Fissidentaceae, Bryophyta di Kebun Raya Cibodas telah dilakukan. Pengoleksian dilakukan pada blok-blok yang ada di Kebun Raya Cibodas dan karakteristik dari setiap lokasi pengoleksian dicatat. Sebanyak enam puluh tujuh koleksi berhasil dikumpulkan dan diidentifikasi, yang mencakup 40% dari jenis-jenis yang disebutkan oleh Fleischer (1900-1902. Kunci determinasi menuju jenis-jenis Fissidens disajikan pula. Tiga jenis catatan baru dari Cibodas dilaporkan pada makalah ini, yaitu F. perpusillus, F. bryoides subsp. schmidii dan F. obscurirete.

  8. Ekonomska upravičenost postavitve vetrne turbine

    OpenAIRE

    Behmer, Marco

    2015-01-01

    Diplomsko delo predstavlja idejni projekt postavitve ene vetrne elektrarne za izbrano mesto Košenjak. Predpostavljam investitorja, ki je v projekt pripravljen vložiti 70 % lastnih sredstev. Predmet dela je smotrnost postavitve vetrne elektrarne. Postavitev mora biti energetsko, ekonomsko in okoljsko upravičljiva. Pri ugotavljanju ekonomske upravičenosti postavitve vetrne turbine je ključna ocena povrnitve začetne investicije. Na podlagi te ocene se odločamo o potencialni uresničitvi ali op...

  9. KAKOVOST ELEKTRIČNE ENERGIJE PROIZVEDENE S SONČNIMI ELEKTRARNAMI TERMOELEKTRARNE BRESTANICA

    OpenAIRE

    Senica, Domen

    2011-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava meritev kakovosti električne energije sončnih elektrarn Termoelektrarne Brestanica (TEB), MFE TEB1, MFE TEB2 ter MFE TEB3. V uvodnih poglavjih so razložene značilnosti sončne energije, sončno sevanje ter fotonapetostni pojav. Na kratko so opisane vrste sončnih elektrarn, predstavljena vloga njihovih gradnikov, razložena pretvorba enosmerne napetosti v izmenično s pulzno-širinsko modulacijo, priklop ter odkup električne energije pridobljene iz sončnega vira. Diplomsko ...

  10. Varnost energetskih objektov

    OpenAIRE

    Planinšič, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    V diplomskem delu je obravnavano področje požarne varnosti energetskih objektov. Osredotočeno je na sončno elektrarno, v nalogi je opisana sončna energija, sestavni deli elektrarne, delovanje, varnost in zakonodaja. Podrobneje so opisane zahteve in ukrepi, za namestitev sončne elektrarne na šolske objekte. Predstavljen je tudi potek vaje evakuacije, ki jo mora šola po zakonu izvršiti vsaj enkrat letno. Izpostavljene so naloge odgovornih za požarno varnost in evakuacijo. V vzgojni izobraževal...

  11. Parent perceived quality of life is age-dependent in children with food allergy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wassenberg, Jacqueline; Cochard, Marie-Madeleine; DunnGalvin, Audrey; Ballabeni, Pierluigi; Flokstra-de Blok, Bertine M. J.; Newman, Christopher J.; Hofer, Michael; Eigenmann, Philippe A.

    2012-01-01

    To cite this article: Wassenberg J, Cochard M-M, DunnGalvin A, Ballabeni P, Flokstra-de Blok BMJ, Newman CJ, Hofer M, Eigenmann PA. Parent perceived quality of life is age-dependent in children with food allergy. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: 23: 412419. Abstract Background: Food allergy in children

  12. Hvorfor støtter det eleverne at bevæge sig fysisk på en tallinje?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejersbo, Lisser Rye

    2014-01-01

    Som reaktion på min forrige blok, vil jeg her uddybe og begrunde, hvorfor det er en god ide, at lade eleverne få kropslige oplevelser med tallinjen. Det drejer sig bl.a. om fænomenet SNARC, der er en forkortelse for ‘Spatical Numerical Association of Response Codes’, og som på godt dansk betyder...

  13. Thomson Reuters – InCites

    OpenAIRE

    Nixon, William J.; Lipitakis, Evangelia A. E. C.

    2014-01-01

    Blok obsahuje 2 přednášky: Bibliometrics at the University of Glasgow (Nixon, William ) a The Use of Thomson Reuters Research Analytic Resources in Academic Performance Evaluation (Lipitakis, Evangelia) a následnou společnou diskuzi.

  14. Environmental Risk Limits for mineral oil (Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons)

    OpenAIRE

    Verbruggen EMJ; SEC

    2004-01-01

    In dit rapport zijn maximaal toelaatbare risiconiveaus en "serious risk concentrations" voor ecosystemen afgeleid voor minerale olie ("total petroleum hydrocarbons"). De gebruikte methode berust op een benadering met analyse van fracties, waarbij de alifatische en aromatische stoffen apart worden beschouwd en beide verder worden verdeeld in verschillende fracties. Voor elke fractie of blok zijn aparte risicogrenzen afgeleid. De "toxic unit" benadering moet worden...

  15. АНДРЕЙ БЕЛЫЙ И АЛЕКСАНДР БЛОК В КОНТЕКСТЕ ПЕРЕПИСКИ 1903 Г

    OpenAIRE

    Шихзагиров, Шихзагир

    2007-01-01

    In the article the author makes an attempt of reconstruction of the outstanding Russian symbolists' world outlook. The result of this reconstruction shows that divergences in views of Andrey Bely and Alexander Blok were unavoidable, because of irreconcilable contradictions in understanding of general concepts of symbolism.

  16. Mitigation Theme Report: Energy Efficiency : Contribution to the MCA4climate initiative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Visser, Erika; Blok, K.

    2011-01-01

    Striving for energy efficiency means trying to obtain a certain result with a minimum of input (Schipper and Meyers, 1992; Blok, 2007). As energy is used to fulfil human needs, one may define the energy efficiency of an activity as the degree to which given human needs can be fulfilled with a minimu

  17. We maintain a strong market position

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Increasing efficiency, continuous improvement, ambitious investment plans. How we (Slovenske elektrarne) succeeded in overcoming crisis impacts and achieved excellent results, about the necessity to increase the company's safety culture - these issues were discussed at the Goal Setting Meeting 2010. The introductory meeting was held on 9 March 2010 in Bratislava. (author)

  18. Training organisation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne considers a specific training and education of experienced experts to be a key issue. The company gradually undergoes quite demanding change in the field of education and training of the nuclear power plants staff. We have an ambitious vision - to create one of the best training organisations in Europe by the means of systematic approach to the training. (author)

  19. The company's management puts priority on safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 29-30 June, 2006, the training for workers of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. was organized to explain the most important management safety aspects on leadership awareness (Nuclear Leadership Awareness Course). The course was held at the regional consultation center in Jaslovske Bohunice. (author)

  20. New hydro power plant Dobsina III

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Another power plant will be added to the hydroelectric power plant Dobsina. Preparations for the construction of a small hydro power plant have started on the streams Hnilec and Dobsinsky Brook. Dobsina III will extend the portfolio of renewable sources of Slovenske elektrarne. (author)

  1. Electricity producer SE decided to solve crisis through offensive

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Instalment payments in this and the coming two years amount to 32 billion Sk (762.8 mn Euro) - that is about 60 percent of the overall credit burden of the electricity producer Slovenske elektrarne (SE). And so the situation from three years ago is repeating itself - a new financial department of the company is expected to lead the company out of the substantial cash-flow crisis caused by credit burden. This difficulties have been caused by decisions taken by state like building of power plant in Mochovce. Minister Nemcsics will not be in the position to complete his ambition to direct the activities of SE, his successor will need time to find his way and so the solution stays in hands of the company management. Where will they look for the necessary recourses? The operation generates virtually no cash-flow increase - reminds General Manager for Economy and Finances, Milos Sujansky. What the manager considers a possible solution is loan restructuring. 'We have to review the whole loan portfolio in order to eliminate the pressure caused by the necessity to repay the debts in 2004 and the beginning of 2005 and that would allow as to survive in a relatively normal state,' unveils the company plans M. Sujansky. That would mean postponing the instalment payments until 2007. Before this strategy was prepared the existing debts had to be analysed. The results of this analysis showed 'an inconsistent debt portfolio with many non-standard elements anchored in relevant contracts'. In the opinion of Director for External Financing this fact makes the loan management and decision making in regards to assets/liabilities structure difficult. 'When you have 35 different loans and every contract is different - communication and monitoring costs much effort,' he adds. According to an Auditors Report for 2002 prepared according to ISA standards even the share of third-party capital is high and inhomogeneous. The previous financial management managed to minimize the deficit. The fact

  2. Safety improvement programme of WWER 440/230 units in Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief overview is given of the power sources in Slovakia which include 6 operational reactor units (4 at Jaslovske Bohunice and 2 at Mochovce) and 2 units under construction (at Mochovce). The efforts undertaken in the past 10 years and aimed at upgrading the nuclear safety of the two older (V-230 Soviet type) units at Bohunice are highlighted. The relevant regulatory decisions are dealt with and the measures already carried out are listed. Also characterized are several IAEA international safety assessment missions and safety-aimed meetings which took place in 1998 and 1999 and are of concern to the older Bohunice units. (A.K.)

  3. Regulatory involvement in IandC systems upgrading on WWER 440 type reactors in the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overview is given of the recommendations and regulations concerning IandC systems of nuclear power plants with WWER-440 reactors in the Slovak Republic, and of the relevant involvement of regulatory bodies. The issues included in regulatory decrees and pertaining to the safety aspects of IandC systems are mentioned point by point, with emphasis put on the upgrading of the systems. The power plants covered include the Bohunice V-1 and V-2 plants and the Mochovce-1 and Mochovce-2 units. (A.K.)

  4. Predictive value of semi-quantitative MRI-based scoring systems for future knee replacement: data from the osteoarthritis initiative

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate, in a confirmatory fashion, whether baseline and change from baseline to 24-month follow-up in cartilage damage, bone marrow lesions and meniscal damage are predictors of knee replacement (KR) in subjects with a high risk of osteoarthritis (OA), independent of the level of physical activity, symptom severity and radiographic abnormalities. Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative's (OAI) baseline and 24-month follow-up knee MRIs of 115 patients (age range: 45-78 years; 48 % female; BMI: 20.9-48.7) were analyzed. Cartilage, bone marrow and menisci were semi-quantitatively scored according to the Whole-Organ Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score (WORMS) and Boston-Leeds Osteoarthritis Knee Score (BLOKS) systems in all compartments. Baseline and 24-month interval changes in structural tissue damage assessed by BLOKS and WORMS were used as predictors of KR independent of clinical and radiographic parameters using Cox hazard analysis. Adjustments were performed for age, gender, BMI and physical activity (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly: PASE), Western Ontario and McMaster Questionnaire (WOMAC) total score and radiographic Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score. BLOKS and WORMS baseline cartilage scores were predictors of KR independent of the PASE, WOMAC and KL score. One score increase in the average baseline BLOKS full-thickness cartilage defect score was associated with a [hazard ratio (95 % CI)] 13.55 (3.61-50.89) times greater risk of KR independent of the PASE, WOMAC and KL score. Net reclassification improvements (NRIs) of the additional evaluation of 24-month follow-up MRI scores and assessment of changes were not significant for prediction of KR (NRI range: - 7.23 - 24.8 %). The BLOKS cartilage score for full-thickness cartilage defects had the highest hazard for KR. Follow-up MRI changes in structural tissue damage, detected by BLOKS and WORMS cartilage, bone marrow or meniscus scores (up to 24 months) had no significant predictive value in addition

  5. Predictive value of semi-quantitative MRI-based scoring systems for future knee replacement: data from the osteoarthritis initiative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Eng, John; Demehri, Shadpour [Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Musculoskeletal Radiology, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Baltimore, MD (United States); Zikria, Bashir [Johns Hopkins University, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Baltimore, MD (United States); Carrino, John A. [Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Radiology and Imaging, New York, NY (United States)

    2015-11-15

    To evaluate, in a confirmatory fashion, whether baseline and change from baseline to 24-month follow-up in cartilage damage, bone marrow lesions and meniscal damage are predictors of knee replacement (KR) in subjects with a high risk of osteoarthritis (OA), independent of the level of physical activity, symptom severity and radiographic abnormalities. Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative's (OAI) baseline and 24-month follow-up knee MRIs of 115 patients (age range: 45-78 years; 48 % female; BMI: 20.9-48.7) were analyzed. Cartilage, bone marrow and menisci were semi-quantitatively scored according to the Whole-Organ Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score (WORMS) and Boston-Leeds Osteoarthritis Knee Score (BLOKS) systems in all compartments. Baseline and 24-month interval changes in structural tissue damage assessed by BLOKS and WORMS were used as predictors of KR independent of clinical and radiographic parameters using Cox hazard analysis. Adjustments were performed for age, gender, BMI and physical activity (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly: PASE), Western Ontario and McMaster Questionnaire (WOMAC) total score and radiographic Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score. BLOKS and WORMS baseline cartilage scores were predictors of KR independent of the PASE, WOMAC and KL score. One score increase in the average baseline BLOKS full-thickness cartilage defect score was associated with a [hazard ratio (95 % CI)] 13.55 (3.61-50.89) times greater risk of KR independent of the PASE, WOMAC and KL score. Net reclassification improvements (NRIs) of the additional evaluation of 24-month follow-up MRI scores and assessment of changes were not significant for prediction of KR (NRI range: - 7.23 - 24.8 %). The BLOKS cartilage score for full-thickness cartilage defects had the highest hazard for KR. Follow-up MRI changes in structural tissue damage, detected by BLOKS and WORMS cartilage, bone marrow or meniscus scores (up to 24 months) had no significant predictive value in addition

  6. Rancang Bangun Aplikasi Pendataan Warga Banjar Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A A Kurnia Aditama

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Dewasa ini smartphone dengan sistem operasi android sedang menjadi tren, khususnya pada bidang teknologi komunikasi. Adanya smartphone dengan sistem operasi android dapat digunakan untuk mendukung upaya pemerintah dalam melakukan pendataan penduduk, khususnya pendataan warga banjar. Saat ini petugas masih menggunakan cara manual dengan menggunakan form pendataan dari kertas. Sehingga munculah masalah yaitu bagaimana membuat suatu aplikasi mobile android dengan memanfaatkan kode QR yang dapat digunakan untuk mempermudah dalam melakukan pendataan warga banjar. Aplikasi ini dikembangkan menggunakan sebuah tools dari Google yaitu App Inventor, dengan tools ini pemrograman dapat dilakukan seperti bermain puzzle dimana seorang programmer melakukan pemrograman dengan cara menyatukan blok-blok program yang telah disediakan pada App Inventor. Dengan adanya App Inventor ini dapat dibuat sebuah aplikasi pendataan warga banjar dengan memanfaatkan kode QR sebagai media untuk memempermudah dalam proses pendataan sehingga pendataan warga banjar dapat dilakukan dengan lebih cepat dan efisien.

  7. BATA LEMPUNG BAHAN BANGUNAN DINDING ALTERNATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincentius Totok Noerwasito

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available "Bata lempung" is block of wall material, main basic material is sols contains 50-60% clay, pressed and molded, without combusted, used after 28 days and production doesn't depend climates. "Bata lempung" can used as bearing wall or curtain wall, exposed and in low-cost housing, exclusive house and real estate. Resultants of research "Bata lempung" used sols from Pandaan Jawa-Timur are resistance compression 60 -70 kg/cm2, waterproofing and cheaper than brick if produced in site of project. "Bata lemping" are material saving energy, without pollution, efficient, structural and art material. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : "Bata lempung" adalah bahan bangunan dinding berupa blok terbuat dari tanah "lempung" dengan kandungan 50-60% Clay, dicetak dengan pemadatan, pengeringan tanpa dibakar, dipergunakan setelah berumur 28 hari. Karena dicetak proses pembuatan tidak tergantung pada cuaca. Aplikasi "bata lempung" adalah sebagai dinding pemikul atau sebagai dinding pengisi, yang dapat diekspose pada dinding rumah murah, rumah mewah atau pada kompleks perumahan real estate. Hasil penelitian dari tanah yang berasal dari Pandaan - Jawa timur menghasilkan blok "bata lempung" dengan kuat tekan 60 -70 kg/cm2, tahan air .dan harga dibawah harga bata merah dipasaran jika diproduksi dilokasi bangunan. "Bata lempung" adalah bahan bangunan yang ramah lingkungan,henat enrgi, tidak meninggalkan banyak sisa blok, merupakan bahan bangunan struktural dan juga bahan bangunan seni. Kata kunci: Bahan bangunan dinding, blok, Clay, Semen, pemadatan, pencetakan, pembakaran, ekspose, natural, modul, kuat tekan, dinding pemikul, dinding pengisi, polusi, hemat energi, material struktural, material seni.

  8. 国际纺织品求购信息

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    国别:UNITED STATES美国 厂商:TITAN INTERNATIONAL IMPORT—EXPORT §CONSULTING CO。L 地址:IMES SAN SIT E—BLOK 504 SK.NO 51 YDUDULLU IMES SAN SIT 联系人E—SAADETTIN CAYO 51 Y DUDULLU IS-TANBUL TURKEY 电话:90—216—420—0920 传真:90—216—313—4419 国外进口:医院用床单

  9. Discussion About Education in the Parliament of the Second Polish Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Szablicka-Żak Jolanta

    2014-01-01

    In the Second Polish Republic two main concepts of education were defined: national education, represented the National Democracy (Narodowa Demokracja), and state education, proposed by the Sanation camp: the Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government (Bezpartyjny Blok Współpracy z Rządem – BBWR). These two concepts were confronted in the addresses of the MPs and senators in the parliament of the Second Polish Republic which pertained to the legal bases of the education system. Howe...

  10. Pembuatan Dan Karakterisasi Paving Block Sebagai Beton Konstruksi Dengan Menggunakan Campuran Oil Sludge Dan Semen

    OpenAIRE

    Reni Naibaho

    2009-01-01

    Bahan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah limbah pertamina (oil sludge) dari PT Pertamina Pangkalan Susu - Kab. Langkat, yang dihasilkan dari proses pengeboran minyak. Limbah ini termasuk limbah padat yang telah mengering dan berbentuk gumpalan (oil sludge). Adapun besaran fisis yang diamati pada sampel paving blok adalah antara lain: porositas, densitas, dan serapan air. Sedangkan besaran mekanika adalah kekerasan, kuat tekan, kuat impak dan kuat patah. Dari hasil penelitian menunjukk...

  11. Поэзия Вадима Андреева и Даниила Андреева: к проблеме нацио- нального мирообраза

    OpenAIRE

    Daszewskaja, Olga

    2011-01-01

    The report presents an analysis of works of а Russian mystic poet and philosopher Daniel Andreev (1906–1959) and а European poet Vadim Andreev (1902–1976) as а phenomenon of 20th century's cultural development. Cross-cultural communication in the poets' works is combined with developed national identity. Vadim Andreev's poetry embodies national identity through developmeпt of motives representative for the Russian literature. Reconstituted world of the Russian literature (А. Pushkin, А. Blok,...

  12. A comparison of Runge-Kutta modifications

    OpenAIRE

    Praagman; N.; Vorst, van der, R.; Koster; J

    1984-01-01

    Vijf klassen van Runge-Kutta methoden voor het numeriek integreren van beginwaardeproblemen worden vergeleken. Aangetoond wordt dat de beste resultaten, bedoeld is het kleinste aantal rechterlid bewerkingen bij een gegeven tolerantie, verkregen worden met een blok Runge-Kutta methode met een speciale stapsgrootte selectie. De formules van de vijf klassen, waarvan er twee nieuw zijn, worden gepresenteerd en resultaten van testproblemen worden in tabelvorm gegeven.

  13. De Next Generation Semigesloten Kas : Perspectief van een ontvochtigingssysteem op basis van een koeloppervlak en

    OpenAIRE

    Zwart, de, H.F.; Speetjens, S.L.

    2013-01-01

    Het nieuwe concept Next Generation Semigesloten kas is met recht een opvolger van eerdere generaties (semi)gesloten kassen. Het systeem realiseert een substantiële invulling van de verwarming van kasteelten met duurzame warmte. Het concept is gebaseerd op een kleine aanpassing van de luchtbehandelingskasten die met de opkomst van Het Nieuwe Telen in steeds meer kassen te zien zijn. Door deze luchtbehandelingskasten naast een verwarmend blok ook met een koelblok uit te rusten kan met een beper...

  14. Database marketing for energy conservation. Practice-oriented study; Databasemarketing voor energiebesparing. Praktijk gericht onderzoek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burghouts, H. [Energie Netwerk EN, Bilthoven (Netherlands); De Kleijn, B.; Van Leerdam, W. [Tangram Advies en Onderzoek, Zeist (Netherlands)

    2013-06-15

    In the 'Block by Block' project 13 local energy saving projects are supported in the development of concepts to realize large-scale energetic improvements of existing houses. In these projects the consortia develop strategies which are applied in the market. In addition, a number of projects is awarded with a so-called 'Green Deal' (agreements between governmental, public and private parties in the Netherlands). Part of the support is a knowledge and learning process. As part of the learning process a practice-oriented research has been carried out into the possibilities of database marketing (DBM) for energy conservation. The research focuses on the opportunities for DBM for energy savings and promising product-market combinations. The question is: can DBM contribute to improving the effectiveness of the 'Block by Block' projects? [Dutch] In het project 'Blok voor Blok' worden 13 lokale energiebesparingsprojecten gesteund bij de ontwikkeling van concepten ten behoeve van de grootschalige energetische verbetering van bestaande woningen. In deze projecten worden door de gevormde consortia strategieen ontwikkeld en uitgevoerd in de markt. Daarnaast is een aantal projecten gehonoreerd met een 'Green deal'. Onderdeel van de ondersteuning is een kennis- en leertraject. In het kader van het leertraject is een praktijk gericht onderzoek gedaan naar de mogelijkheden van databasemarketing (DBM) voor energiebesparing. Het onderzoek richt zich op de kansen voor DBM voor energiebesparing en kansrijke productmarktcombinaties. De vraag is: kan DBM bijdragen aan verbetering van de effectiviteit van projecten 'Blok voor Blok'?.

  15. The ideology of the extreme right

    OpenAIRE

    Mudde, Cas

    2002-01-01

    Though the extreme right was not particularly successful in the 1999 European elections, it continues to be a major factor in the politics of Western Europe. This book, newly available in paperback, provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the extreme right in the Netherlands (Centrumdemocraten, Centrumpartij'86), Belgium (Vlaams Blok) and Germany (Die Republikaner, Deutsche Volksunion). On the basis of original research - using party literature - the author concludes that though ind...

  16. Strukturní analýza lyrického básnického cyklu. Blokovy cykly Stichi o prekrasnoj dame a Karmen

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ulbrecht, Siegfried

    Praha : Slovanský ústav AV ČR, v.v.i, 2007 - (Ulbrechtová, H.), s. 57-73 ISBN 978-80-86420-25-7. - (Práce Slovanského ústavu. Nová řada. 22) Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90920516 Keywords : Russian poetry * Blok, Aleksandr * Literary cycles Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  17. Populasi dan Pola Sebaran Burung di Hutan Wanawisata Galunggung, Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat

    OpenAIRE

    W. Widodo

    2014-01-01

    Gunung Galunggung ketika erupsi tahun 1982 sebagian besar flora dan fauna yang ada disekitarnya luluh lantak. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui populasi dan pola sebaran burung-burung yang terdapat di kawasan Galunggung periode pemulihan pasca 31 tahun meletus.Metode “point count jarak tidak tetap” digunakan dalam penelitian ini Gunung Galunggung telah ditetapkan sebagai kawasan Wanawisata Galunggung sejak tahun. Penelitian dilakukan dengan membagi dalam 5 blok pengamatan. Sejumlah 80 titik pen...

  18. Energetic politic and Program declaration of the Government of the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author presents the Energetic politic and Program declaration of the Government of the Slovak Republic. He criticizes the decree on decommissioning of first and second block of the Bohunice NPP and presents support of the Government of the Slovak Republic for building of third and fourth block of Mochovce NPP

  19. Proceedings of the 1st French-Czechoslovak conference on energy utilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proceedings contain 30 contributions, 2 of which have been inputted in INIS; these deal with nuclear power in Czechoslovakia (particularly in Slovakia), safety problems of WWER type reactors, and problems associated with the lack of funds to complete the construction of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. (M.D.)

  20. Case law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This section treats of the two following case laws: Slovak Republic: Further developments in cases related to the challenge by Greenpeace Slovakia to the Mochovce nuclear power plant; United States: Judgment of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission denying requests from petitioners to suspend final reactor licensing decisions pending the issuance of a final determination of reasonable assurance of permanent disposal of spent fuel

  1. Can Slovakia secure reliable electricity supply without nuclear?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with structure of electricity production in the Slovak republic in 2006 and perspectives of electricity supply up to 2020 year. Decommissioning of Unit 1 and Unit 2 of the Bohunice NPP and completion of Unit 3 and 4 of the Mochovce NPP are discussed

  2. We won a National award

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On the occasion of the 43rd conference for water management in the industry results of the 3rd competition were announced for the National Business Award for Environment in the Slovak Republic 2011 organized by the Association of Industrial Ecology in Slovakia (ASPEK). The first prize in the category 'product; went to the hands of Slovenske elektrarne representatives for providing the energy self-sufficiency of Tery Chalet, High Tatras, all year round with installing photovoltaic system. 'We have a complex programme of five energies through which we support culture, sports, humanity, education and environmental protection. Hence we try to support constant sustainability of biodiversity,' underlined Alena Meciarova, Manager of Environment at Slovenske elektrarne. (author)

  3. Termination of exploitation of V 1 NPP - BIDSF projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the interview with engineer Peter Hlbocky, director of division of the Project of decommissioning of V 1 Nuclear Power Plant in Jaslovske Bohunice is presented. Project Manager Unit (PMU) was formed on the basis of directive of the General Director of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. The Director of the Division of decommissioning of the V 1 NPP and at the same time the Main manager of the PMU is engineer Peter Hlbocky. On this project participate 19 employees of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (SE), 6 abroad employees of the consortium IBERINCO, 15 employees of the VUEZ and 25 abroad employees on the detached place of work in the Spain and France

  4. Energy for the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes how Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. develops projects of biodiversity and clean energy in High Tatras. Solar panels help to increase convenience for tourists on the Tery's circular while building a culture flows and fish ladder to facilitate the survival of endangered species. At present, photovoltaic panels on the circular are installed with a total installed capacity of 1.2 kW. After the reconstruction will have a new system of power 9 kW.

  5. SE received Eur 800 mill. from nine banks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) received from an international consortium of nine banks a revolving credit line for seven years in the volume of Eur 800 million, approximately SKK 27.3 billion. It was confirmed by SE representatives and participating banks representatives during the signing ceremony which took place together with a press conference on 22 October 2007. This is the highest company financing in the whole history of Slovakia. (author)

  6. Tracking environmental costs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tracking Environmental Costs and Investments in SAP will provide us with a managerial tool that will help us understand better the magnitude of the financial resources we are dedicating to environmental protection activities and investments. Environmental Cost Accounting is a new project in Slovenske Elektrarne that will be particularly valuable for the Company's environmental management initiatives, such as waste monitoring, cleaner production, eco-design and environmental management systems; its launch is expected in September. (author)

  7. Five question to... Stanislav Reguli, chairman of the board of directors and general director of the GovCo, joint-stock association

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the interview with the MR. Stanislav Reguli, chairman of the board of directors and general director of the GovCo, joint-stock association is published. The state company GovCo, a.s. was originated on April 1, 2006. Process of severance of property from the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., personnel management of new company as well as organisation of property management are presented

  8. Izdelava in eksperimentalno preizkušanje dvo-osnega fotonapetostnega sledilnega sistema

    OpenAIRE

    Kavšek, Domen

    2015-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava izdelavo in eksperimentalno preizkušanje sledilnega dvo-osnega fotonapetostnega sistema. Delovanje sledilnega dvo-osnega fotonapetostnega sistema je ovrednoteno s primerjavo s fiksnim fotonapetostnim sistemom. Oba fotonapetostna sistema sta velikosti mikro fotonapetostnih elektrarn. Na podlagi dnevnih meritev, opravljenih na sledilnem in fiksnem mikro fotonapetostnem sistemu, naloga podaja primerjavo med proizvedeno električno, časovne poteke temperature modula, sončn...

  9. Izboljšava anaerobne presnove blata iz komunalnih čistilnih naprav in lignoceluloznih substratov pri pridobivanju bioplina

    OpenAIRE

    Kolbl, Sabina

    2015-01-01

    Namen doktorske disertacije je izboljšati tvorbo metana z mehanskimi in encimskimi predobdelavami substratov. Za anaerobno presnovo različnih substratov in določevanje biometanskega potenciala smo uporabili napravo Automatic Methane Potential Test System (AMPTS II). AMPTS II je analitična naprava laboratorijske skale, ki omogoča meritve ultra nizkih hitrosti tvorbe biometana, proizvedenih med anaerobno presnovo biološko razgradljivih substratov. Donosnost bioplinskih elektrarn je omejena na k...

  10. Report on activities of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic and safety of nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic in 1997. Annual report 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) in 1997 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Foreword; (2) Role of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic; (3) Supervisory and assessment activities in activities; (3.1) NPP V-1 Bohunice; (3.2) NPP V-2 Bohunice; (3.3) NPP Mochovce; (3.4) NPP A-1 Bohunice; (3.5) Radioactive wastes repository in Mochovce; (3.6) Interim spent fuel storage in Jaslovske Bohunice; (4) Nuclear materials and physical protection; (5) Radioactive wastes; (6) Quality assurance; (7) Personnel qualification and training; (8) Emergency management; (9) Legislation; (10) International co-operation; (11) Public information; (12) Conclusions; (13) Appendices

  11. Protection of WWER type primary loops against extreme effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dynamic analyses of the WWER-440 primary loops for the Mochovce nuclear power plant showed that the unprotected primary loop is very soft with a first eigenfrequency of 0.38 Hz. Protection with amortisseurs and viscous shock absorbers was compared and the viscous shock absorber in all cases proved to be more suitable. GERB viscous absorbers will be installed at the Mochovce nuclear power plant. First calculations of the dynamic resistance of the WWER-1000 primary loops for the Temelin nuclear power plant to extreme events were also made. It was shown that the unprotected primary loop is rather soft with a first eigenfrequency of 0.9 Hz, or 0.6 Hz at the pressurizer branch. It will therefore be necessary to protect the primary loops with viscous shock absorbers. (Z.M.)

  12. LESPRO - an expert system for the decision support in determination and suggestion of protective measures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A prototype expert system for advising emergency procedures for nuclear regulatory authority has been developed. The expert system ESPRO is known as goal oriented rule-based knowledge system. The system is based on emergency procedures developed in VUJE Trnava, Inc. for use by the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) of the Slovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority (NRA). The operation interpretation module uses the knowledge base of emergency procedures for the evaluation of source term and determination and suggestion of protective measures which is represented in the form of a Petri net model. Its verification and validation was done on the basis of the results of two exercises: joint exercise of ERC staff with Slovak Army Headquarters and full scale Mochovce NPP emergency exercise with use of the Mochovce NPP simulator. (author)

  13. Case law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This section of the Bulletin brings together the texts of the following case laws: Canada: - Judgment of the Federal Court of Canada sending back to a joint review panel for reconsideration the environmental assessment of a proposed new nuclear power plant in Ontario. France : - Conseil d'etat, 24 March 2014 (Request No. 358882); - Conseil d'etat, 24 March 2014 (Request No. 362001). Slovak Republic: - Further developments in cases related to the challenge by Greenpeace Slovakia to the Mochovce nuclear power plant; - Developments in relation to the disclosure of information concerning the Mochovce nuclear power plant. United States: - Initial Decision of the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Ruling in Favour of Nuclear Innovation North America, LLC (NINA) Regarding Foreign Ownership, Control or Domination

  14. Actinides and fissions products in the spent nuclear fuel from slovak NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five nuclear units with reactor WWER-440 are in this time in operation in Slovakia - four units in Bohunice and one in Mochovce sites. Start-up of another unit can be expected in Mochovce soon. Spent nuclear fuel was considered as a waste with final disposal in deep repository. Characterization and evaluation of burned-up is now under process of changes in connection with development of Accelerator Driven Transmutation Technology systems. Applicability of transmutation technology in particular nuclear economy depends on the amount and composition of burned fuel assemblies. This study deals with evaluation of Slovak WWER-440 spent fuel composition based on ORIGEN calculation. The paper provides calculation results of WWER-440 (1.6%, 2.4%, 3.6%, 3.82% enrichment) spent fuel inventory. Amounts and activities of important nuclides are tabled. (Authors)

  15. Investigation and analysis of SSI effects in seismic response of NPPs EMO and EBO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This progress report outlines and describes the analysis and investigations of soil-structure interaction effects in seismic response of Bohunice and Mochovce nuclear power plants. The work carries out consists of theoretical-numerical analysis of soil-structure interaction and the description of the experimental results obtained so far. Investigations were performed for different soil conditions and recommendations were elaborated as to prepare and use long-term monitoring of vibration activity at the Bohunice NPP site

  16. Chapter 4. Assessment and inspection of safety at nuclear installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Supervisory activity of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) over the safety of nuclear installations in compliance with the 'Atomic Act' and other regulations includes also inspection and assessment activities of UJD. In 1999 the assessment activity were focused on newly constructed nuclear installations or their parts - Unit 2 of NPP Mochovce, National Repository of rad-waste in Mochovce, and the first phase of technology for treatment and conditioning of rad-waste in Jaslovske Bohunice. Inspection activity specified in the 'Atomic Act' is governed by internal guideline, an important part of which is an annual inspection plan that considers the routine inspections, special inspections, team inspections, and extraordinary inspections - there they are briefly described. Assessment as well as inspection activities in the NPP V-1 Bohunice, NPP V-2 Bohunice, NPP Mochovce, as well as NPP A-1 Bohunice (under decommissioning) are reviewed in detail. Assessment and inspection activities of UJD in the Interim spent fuel storage Bohunice, and in the nuclear facility 'Technology for treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste' Bohunice are described in detail, too. National radioactive waste repository Mochovce is determined for disposal low and intermediate radioactive waste. UJD issued a resolution on approval for commissioning of this nuclear facility in October 1999. VUJE bituminization facility was out of operation in 1999, The incinerator treated the burnable waste from NPP V-1 Bohunice. The technology of cementing sludge from NPP V-2 Bohunice was verified on cementing equipment. Assessment and inspection activities of UJD in 1999, which were completed by issuing UJD decisions are presented in the table form

  17. Radwaste Treatment Centre Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the Bohunice Radwaste Treatment Centre (BSC RAO) is presented. BSC RAO is designed to process and treat liquid and solid radwaste, arising from the NPP A-1 decommissioning, from NPPs V-1, V-2, and Mochovce operations, as well as institutional radwaste of diverse institutional (hospitals, research institutes) in the Slovak Republic. Transport, sorting, incineration, compacting, concentration and cementation of radwaste as well as monitoring of emission are described

  18. Software of diagnostic systems for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    23 papers deal with the assessment of the standard of software in in-service diagnostics systems in the Dukovany and the Bohunice nuclear power plants. Research projects, intentions and the scope of research are outlined for the diagnostic systems of the Mochovce and the Temelin nuclear power plants. It is shown that the use is ever more growing of personal computers in this sphere. (J.B.)

  19. Nuclear installations in Slovakia accords to the convention definition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this part the nuclear power plants Bohunice - Units V-1 and V-2 and NPP Mochovce (description of units, safety reports and safety improvement programs) are described. Description of Bohunice A-1, history and current status of the NPP A-1 and NPP decommissioning program are included. In next parts interim spent fuel storage, technologies of Raw processing and treatment, and treated and solid Raw storage sites are described

  20. Determination of weighting factors and functions for WWER-440 ex-core neutron detectors using MCNP5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work the determination of weighting factors and functions for WWER-440 ex-core neutron detectors using MCNP5 is presented. Precise and complex whole-core model of the WWER-440 was developed in MCNP5 and applied for solution of various reactor-physical problems (NPP Bohunice and Mochovce). Determination of weighting factors and weighting functions was performed for the source range ex-core detector CPNB44 (NPP Bohunice). At present, database of spatial weighting factors is generated.

  1. Annual meeting on nuclear technology '96. Technical session: Advanced methods for operation, control and management of German nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The six papers of this session deal with experience, results and data obtained in nuclear power plant operation in Germany, and with the conclusions drawn relating to optimisation of maintenance work, insight drawn from reports on events and incidents in nuclear power plant, human factors engineering, or power plant life management. One paper discusses measures for safeguarding in the long run the functional integrity of the Mochovce-1 nuclear power station unit. (DG)

  2. Use of PSA to prioritize NPP walk down activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows: an international team of experts, organized by the Institute of Risk Research of the Academic Senate of the University of Vienna, conducted a walk down assessment of the Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in May 1998. The Mochovce NPP is a VVER-440/213 station which has been in final construction and implementation of a safety improvement program since 1996. In preparation for the walk down, available plant design information was organized into a probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) format in order to assist in prioritizing walk down activities. The PSA was also used to understand the likely impact on core damage frequency (CDF) resulting from implementation of the safety improvement program. The PSA employed event trees from the Dukovany PSA, modified to represent the system designs at Mochovce, to assess internal hazards. External hazards were assessed based on an evaluation performed in 1995, with consideration given to upgrades planned to be implemented up to 1998. Failure events were identified directly based on the Dukovany PSA and other sources, and quantified using data from the Dukovany PSA, other non-Mochovce PSAs, and generic data. The PSA was used to identify a suite of dominant accident sequences from internal and external causes. The impact of safety improvements on these sequences was then assessed. The 'pre-fix' and 'post-fix' cases were compared to identify the change in risk due to implementation of the safety improvement program. Following the walk down, the 'post-fix' case was updated based on insights gained from the walk down. This revised case was used to aid in understanding the risk significance of issues identified during the walk down. (author)

  3. International Youth Nuclear Congress 2000. Film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This CD-ROM contains 28 minutes 30 seconds of video-film about programme of International Youth Nuclear Congress 2000 (IYNC 2000). There is documentary video-film about IYNC 2000, also presented are: the Opening panel of the IYNC 2000, every day work of IYNC 2000, Congress people; the fun run; Entertainment excursion in Bratislava, about excursion in Mochovce NPP as well as in IAEA

  4. Radiochemical speciation of strontium and cesium in soils and influence of the zeolite on its migration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The dissertation deals with sorption and desorption characteristics of two significant radionuclides Sr-85 and Cs-137 in selected soil samples as well as from around of NPP Bohunice and NPP Mochovce which were examined. The dissertation consists from next chapters: (1) Introduction; (2) Present state of knowledge; (3) Materials and methods; (4) Results and discussion; (5) Conclusions; (6) Particular conclusions for the realisation in practice and for next development of the science

  5. De Nederlandse vriendenkring van E.W. von Tschirnhaus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.H. Vermij

    1988-10-01

    Full Text Available The Dutch friends of E. W. von Tschirnhaus

    In this article, the relations of the German scientist E.W. von Tschirnhaus with his Dutch friends is studied from what has remained of their correspondence. In 1669-1674, Tschirnhaus studied at Leiden, fought in the Dutch army, and became acquainted with Spinoza. In the letters from the following years, he appears to be on close terms with Dutch Spinozists as Jarich Jelles, Jan Rieuwerts, Georg Hermann Schuller, the Danish mathematician Georg Mohr, and Pieter van Gent, who until 1687 acted as his Amsterdam correspondent.
    These men were in general very anxious to maintain their spiritual independence. Their ideal, as well as Tschimhaus's, was a life solely devoted to the pursuit of truth. Only in the course of time, some other people enter the correspondence for whom science was not so much a calling as a hobby: the merchant Ameldonk Blok and the broker Jan Makreel. Tschimhaus's truth seeking friends often experienced considerable difficulty in earning themselves a living. Not seldom they looked to Tschirnhaus for help in the form of recommendations, useful inventions, etc. When Ameldonk Blok got in financial difficulties, he negotiated the sale of Tschimhaus's burning-mirrors and burning-lenses at Amsterdam.
    Tschirnhaus not only used his friends to provide him with news and books. He had his work Medicina mentis edited by them in Amsterdam, both in Latin and in a Dutch translation (by Blok. Eager to promote science, he also was ready to suggest, or pay for, the translation or publication of works by others than himself (e.g. Descartes, Bruno, Burnet. The results of the scientific application of his friends, however, seem to have been rather disappointing: little has seen the printing-press. Nevertheless, on an informal level there was a real involvement with science and mathematics which helped to shape Dutch scientific life.

  6. The Propositional Logic Induced by Means of Basic Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chajda, I.

    2015-12-01

    A propositional logic induced by means of commutative basic algebras was already described by M. Botur and R. Halaš. It turns out that this is a kind of non-associative fuzzy logic which can be used e.g. in expert systems. Unfortunately, there are other important classes of basic algebras which are not commutative, e.g. orthomodular lattices which are used as an axiomatization of the logic of quantum mechanics. This motivated us to develop another axioms and derivation rules which form a propositional logic induced by basic algebras in general. We show that this logic is algebraizable in the sense of W. J. Blok and D. Pigozzi.

  7. Dreniranje terena u zoni klizišta na Dunavskoj padini u Novom Sadu

    OpenAIRE

    Vasić, Milinko; Djogo, Mitar; Jelisavac, Branko

    2015-01-01

    Klizište u zoni mosta Slobode u Novom Sadu je jedno od najviše istraživanih klizišta u Srbiji iz razloga što predstavlja ozbiljnu prijetnju po stabilnost pomenutog mosta preko Dunava. U vrijeme završetka izgradnje 1981. godine, ovaj most s kosim kablovima, bio je na svijetu s najvećim središnjim rasponom od 351 m. U tijelu klizišta, most je temeljen na armiranobetonskim pilotima duljine 27 m. Utvrđena dubina pomicanja za prvi klizni blok iznosi 26 m, a za drugi 35 m. Projektirani drenažni sus...

  8. Zjednoczenie Pracy Wsi i Miast w wyborach parlamentarnych 1930 r.

    OpenAIRE

    Waingertner, Przemysław

    2001-01-01

    The Labour Union of Villages and Cities (Zjednoczenie Pracy Wsi i Miast - ZPWiM) was a continuation of the Union of the Amendment of the Republic (Związek Naprawy Rzeczypospolitej) - which had been created in 1926 - after the coup d'état of May. It lead the left and the liberal-democratic wing of BBWR (Non-party Block of the Co-operation with the Government - Bezpartyjny Blok Współpracy z Rządem). The bulk of its members was constituted with the radical intelligentsia and a par...

  9. Utjecaj različitih sjetvenih supstrata i vrsta sporotopivih gnojiva na rast i fiziološke parametre sadnica obične bukve (Fagus sylvatica L.) u rasadniku i nakon presadnje

    OpenAIRE

    Seletković, Ivan; Potočić, Nenad; Jazbec, Anamarija; Čosić, Tomislav; JAKOVLJEVIĆ, TAMARA

    2009-01-01

    U radu su prikazani rezultati pokusa u kojemu se ispitivao utje caj različitih supstrata (Litvanski treset, supstrat Humofin, supstrat Stender A400) i vrsta sporotopivih gnojiva (Osmocote Exact Standard 5-6 M i 12-14 M) na rast i fiziološke parametre sadnica obične bukve (Fagus sylvaticaL.) u ra sad niku i nakon presadnje na teren. Pokus je postavljen u rasadniku Šumarskog instituta, Jastrebarsko, kao randomizirani blok s osam tretiranja i četiri ponav lja nja. Sadnicama je određena koncentra...

  10. Utjecaj različitih tipova kontejnera i doza sporotopivog gnojiva na rast i fiziološke parametre sadnica crnog bora (Pinus nigra Arn.)

    OpenAIRE

    Seletković, Ivan; Potočić, Nenad; Topić, Vlado; Butorac, Lukrecija; Jelić, Goran; Jazbec, Anamarija

    2011-01-01

    U radu su prikazani rezultati pokusa u kojemu se ispitivao utjecaj različitih tipova kontejnera i doza sporotopivog gnojiva (Osmocote Exact Standard 5–6 M) na rast i fiziološke parametre sadnica crnog bora (Pinus nigraArn.). Pokus je postavljen u proljeće 2007. godine u rasadniku Omiš, Hrvatske šume d.o.o. Zagreb, randomizirani blok u četiri ponavljanja. Tretmani su se razlikovali u primjeni različitih kontejnera (HIKO V–150, HIKO V–265, QPD 12T/18) i doza gnojiva (2, 4 i 6 g/l supstrata)....

  11. Backtracing particle rays through magnetic spectrometers: avoiding systematic errors in the reconstruction of target coordinates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veit, Th.; Friedrich, J.; Offermann, E. A. J. M.

    1993-12-01

    The procedures used to model [J. Friedrich, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 293 (1990) 575] or to determine [N. Voegler et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 249 (1986) 337, H. Blok et al., ibid., vol. A 262 (1987) 291, and E.A.J.M. Offermann et al., ibid., vol. A 262 (1987) 298] the mapping properties of a magnetic spectrometer are based on a minimization of the variance of target coordinates. We show that backtracing with matrix elements, determined in this way, may contain systematic errors. As alternative, we propose to minimize the variance of the detector coordinates. This procedure avoids these systematic errors.

  12. Mitigation Theme Report: Energy Efficiency : Contribution to the MCA4climate initiative

    OpenAIRE

    Visser, Erika de; de Blok, K

    2011-01-01

    Striving for energy efficiency means trying to obtain a certain result with a minimum of input (Schipper and Meyers, 1992; Blok, 2007). As energy is used to fulfil human needs, one may define the energy efficiency of an activity as the degree to which given human needs can be fulfilled with a minimum amount of energy. So, energy efficiency improvement can be defined as reducing the energy use per unit of human activity. The energy use per unit of human activity is also called energy intensity...

  13. Annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The annual report of SE, a. s., contains information for the year of 2003 and summarises SE's most important financial data for the stated period. The joint stock company Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (Slovak Power Plants) was established on January 21, 2002, when it was entered into the Commercial Register as a new business entity formed by splitting the former Slovenska elektrarne, a. s. (SE, a. s.) into three independent business entities: Slovenska elektrarne, a. s. (SE, a. s.), Slovenska elektrizacna prenosova sustava, a. s. (Slovak Transmission Grid), and Teplaren Kosice, a. s. (Heating Plant Kosice). Data regarding electricity and heat generation and operational and financial results of the company are stated for the year of 2003, without providing a comparison to the previous year. The reason is that 2002 data do not cover the whole year, as the new SE a. s. was established on January 21, 2002 with changed mix of heat and electricity generation assets. Comparison data for previous years are provided only for certain technical parameters regarding nuclear safety, environment and human resources. This report contains the following headings: (1) SE Board of directors; (2) Supervisory Board; (3) Address by the Chairman of the Board of directors; (4) Year in brief; (5) Organisational structure of the company; (6) Participating interests held by the company; (7) Company strategy; (8) Heat and electricity generation; (9) Sales of electricity, ancillary services and heat; (10) Investments; (11) International cooperation; (12) Nuclear safety; (13) Environment; (14) Human resources; (15) Business report and financial statements; (16) Auditor's report; (17) List of abbreviations

  14. 2007 year - annual impacts of effluents in routine releases to the atmosphere and to the hydrosphere from NPP Bohunice V-2 evaluated by the code ESTE AI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Annual impacts of Bohunice V -2 operation caused by effluents in routine releases during the year 2007 were calculated and evaluated first time with the help of completely new program - ESTE AI. Program is approved by the 'Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic' and since January 2008 is used as legal instrument by Slovenske elektrarne a.s., NPP Bohunice. In this poster presented are annual effluents to the atmosphere and to the hydrosphere from Bohunice V-2 NPP. Presented, analyzed and discussed are main results of 2007 impacts evaluation. (authors)

  15. Slovak Power Plants, Annual Report 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief report of activities carried out by the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., in 2000 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: Address by the Chairman of the board of directors; Major events; Board of directors; Supervisory board; Business strategy and development programme; Organisational structure; Equity investments in other companies; Basic data on generation units; Management and operation of the Slovak Republic's power systems; Transmission system of the Slovak Republic; Electricity sales; Heat sales; Safety at work and health protection and fire protection; Customer services; Investment programme; Research and development; Environmental protection; Nuclear safety; International co-operation; Human resources; Information systems; Telecommunications; Auditor report; Balance sheet

  16. Centralisation of informatics (more effective processes via using new technologies)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with next problems of Slovenske elektrarne, Plc (SE): - Centralisation and optimisation of informatics management; - New technologies within Integrated Informatics System IIS-SE: presentation of preliminary Project of 2nd generation IIS-SE; - Centralisation of the selected data processing. At the present the intensive process of restructuring is taking place in SE, Plc, focused on increasing of the effectiveness of the pursued activities. In connection with this the Informatics section solves two projects: More effective self-management and human resources; Change of Informatics system architecture from decentralised to the centralised ones with an aim to consolidate all information and to make new conditions for higher mobility

  17. SAP Nuclear

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leading to perfection Project SAP Nuclear is one of the most important projects in Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (SE). 'SAP Nuclear' is aimed to software support for work management, GO management, reliability of the installations, operation experience, self management and benchmarking. It is inevitable that people understand, that the system can only help them, to simplify and reduce the workload. That is why we strongly require the high quality training programs and afterwards the system testing by the direct users of the system. We are talking to project managers Clay Warren and Antonio Cavaletto. (author)

  18. FUZIJA

    OpenAIRE

    Košak, Igor

    2010-01-01

    Diplomska naloga opisuje fuzijo z vidika energetike. Opisane so potrebe po električni energiji v Sloveniji in Svetu. Predstavljene so nekatere konvencionalne in nekonvencionalne elektrarne, ki trenutno proizvedejo največji delež skupno proizvedene električne energije. Predstavljena je fuzija na Soncu, kjer je zaradi visoke temperature vsa snov v stanju plazme. Na Soncu se štirje protoni zlijejo v helijevo jedro, pri čemer je masa helijevega jedra za 0,7% manjša od mase štirih protonov, kar po...

  19. Ovrednotenje energetske učinkovitosti nizkoenergijske poslovne stavbe

    OpenAIRE

    BAŽATO, MIHA

    2016-01-01

    Poslovna stavba GEN-I je bila zgrajena leta 2011 kot nizkoenergijska stavba z lastnim fotonapetostnim sistemom, ki omogoča pretvorbo sončne energije v električno energijo. Na podlagi podatkov o proizvedeni električni energiji instalirane fotonapetostne elektrarne smo dejansko proizvodnjo električne energije primerjali s pričakovano. Poleg tega nas je zanimalo, ali je stavba energetsko samozadostna. S pomočjo programskega paketa PHPP smo ovrednotili stopnjo energetske učinkovitosti poslovn...

  20. IZKORIŠČANJE ENERGIJE VETRA Z MALIMI VETERNIMI SISTEMI

    OpenAIRE

    Vušnik, Rok

    2014-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava postavitev vetrne elektrarne na Lisci. Za določeno lokacijo sem najprej analiziral vetrovne razmere za deset let. Na podlagi obratovalnih karakteristik vetrnih turbin in analize vetrovnih razmer sem izbral najprimernejšo vetrno turbino. Grafično sem predstavil tudi pas v katerem obratuje in ovrednotil vse investicijske stroške. Za tri primere sem izvedel izračun proizvodnje električne energije ter predstavil denarni tok skozi življenjsko dobo vetrnega sistema. Na osno...

  1. VETRNA TURBINA S HORIZONTALNO OSJO IN DRUGAČNO POSTAVITVIJO LOPATIC

    OpenAIRE

    Hodžić, Samir

    2012-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi je predstavljena nova tehnologija vetrnih turbin, ki se imenuje Gedayc tehnologija. V nadaljevanju bomo vidli da so Gedayc turbine zelo izboljšane od navadnih trikrkakih. Nov dizajn vključuje podoben izgled deteljici z rezili in zmaju z podobnimi veznimi členi. Nekaj smo povedali in o sami zgradbi, tudi in delovanju vetrnih elektrarn. Rezultati ki jih podaja Gedayc vetrna turbina so veliko boljši od trikrakih in zaradi tega lahko rečemo, da so tiste turbine, vetrne turbine ...

  2. Ocena hidroenergetskega potenciala reke Reke na lokaciji Topolc

    OpenAIRE

    Bedek, Nejc

    2015-01-01

    Izkoriščanje obnovljivih virov energije, je ključnega pomena, zaradi vse večjih potreb po električni energiji. Kljub majhni količini proizvedene električne energije v malih hidroelektrarnah imajo takšne investicije veliko drugih prednosti. Pred začetkom opravil za izgradnjo elektrarne je natančna analiza, na osnovi kakovostnih vhodnih podatkov, mesta na katerem želimo izkoriščati vodni potencial, ključnega pomena. V oceni hidroenergetskega potenciala reke Reke na lokaciji Topolc, smo določili...

  3. Chapter 5. The strategic plans of the Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the fifth chapter of this CD ROM the strategic plans of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.), are presented. It consist of next paragraphs (1) The programme of strategic changes (Declaration of the programme; The need for change; Major tasks; The management structure; Interconnections between the PSC target areas; The PSC projects); (2) The development of the Company (The major objectives of the Company; The energy plan of Slovakia; Analysis of development Alternatives; Results of the analysis; Economic comparison of the alternatives; Development of generation, The information system; Strategic goals and legislation). (3) The quality control system

  4. Raziskave cevi uparjalnika: Tube investigation of steam generator:

    OpenAIRE

    Gudek, K.; Korošec, Darko; Vojvodič-Tuma, Jelena

    1999-01-01

    The addy current testing of the steam generator of nuclear power plant Krško are discussed. After 121.000 hours of operation the surface of transport of heat from the primary to secondary part of the plant is diminished consequently by 17,4% and it is near the limit of the licenced operation at full power. The last investigations in 1998 confirmed that the operation time of the steam generators is running out. V prispevku so obravnavane raziskave cevi uparjalnika jedrske elektrarne Krško z...

  5. We are conscious that change of thinking of people is not simple

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The part of transformation process of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. is implementation and use of such software and their applications, which are an instrument for evaluating of the main goals of the company ant plants with the aim to declare the effective exploitation from economic and safety point of view. The suitable criterion instrument for assessing and a periodical control of pursuance of tasks and monitoring of trends of development of indicators in terms of strategy of the company and plants is the application PPRC (Power Plant Risk Control). (author)

  6. ELEKTRIČNE NAPELJAVE V OBJEKTU S SONČNO ELEKTRARNO NA STREHI

    OpenAIRE

    Krajnc, Primož

    2013-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi je predstavljen projekt električne napeljave v stanovanjski hiši, z dodano sončno elektrarno na strehi. Vsebuje načrte in enopolne sheme v programu AvtoCad, za močnostni del in razsvetljavo, ter vse potrebne izračune. Za sončno elektrarno je podan izračun, opisan pa je tudi ozemljitveni sistem. Opisani so tudi nekateri standardi, ki so potrebni pri načrtovanju električnih napeljav ter izvedbo sončne elektrarne.

  7. OPTIMALNA IZRABA NIZKOENTALPIJSKE GEOTERMALNE ENERGIJE

    OpenAIRE

    Novosel, Urška

    2013-01-01

    Dandanes se zelo spodbuja uporaba obnovljivih virov energije za proizvodnjo električne energije. V magistrskem delu je predstavljen model hibridne elektrarne, ki za proizvodnjo električne energije uporablja tri različne OVE – geotermalno energijo, sončno energijo in lesno biomaso. Osnova je ORC sistem. Prvi vir za izkoriščanje je geotermalna energija, sončna energija in energija lesne biomase pa sta v sistemu kot vira dodatnega toplotnega toka za dogrevanje delovnega medija. Prikazan je detaj...

  8. ORIENTACIJSKA IN NAKLONSKA ODVISNOST FOTONAPETOSTNIH SISTEMOV ŠC KRŠKO - SEVNICA

    OpenAIRE

    Požun, Jože

    2013-01-01

    Magistrska naloga obravnava orientacijsko in naklonsko odvisnost fotonapetostnih sistemov Šolskega centra Krško-Sevnica. Fotonapetostni moduli sončnih elektrarn ŠC Krško-Sevnica so orientirani v smeri vzhod, jug in kot sledilni sistem za namen raziskovanja in izobraževanja. Na podlagi večletnih meritev, opravljenih na sončnih elektrarnah, bo v nalogi ovrednoten vpliv orientacijske in naklonske odvisnosti na proizvodnjo električne energije. Izplen proizvodnje električne energije sončnih elektr...

  9. ZASNOVA IN PRERAČUN DVOOSNEGA SLEDILNIKA SONCA

    OpenAIRE

    Ferčec, Janko

    2010-01-01

    V diplomskem delu je predstavljena zasnova in trdnostni preračun dvoosnega sledilnika sonca. Dvoosni sledilnik sonca je naprava, ki ima nameščene sončne module, ki proizvajajo električno energijo iz sonca. Naprava ima nameščena dva pogona, ki vrtita površino s sončnimi moduli tako, da je ta vedno pravokotna glede na sonce. S sistemom dvoosnega sledenja dosežemo maksimalni izkoristek . Diplomsko delo zajema nekaj osnov sončnih elektrarn ter osnove solarne geometrije. Predstavljene so razli...

  10. Implementace jádra 8-bitového mikrokontroléru do FPGA a ASIC

    OpenAIRE

    Walletzký, Ondřej

    2014-01-01

    Tato práce se zabývá návrhem jádra 8-bitového mikroprocesoru kompatibilního s jedním z 8-bitových mikrokontrolérů PIC společnosti Microchip. Teoretická část práce zkoumá jednotlivé architektury 8-bitových mikrokontrolérů PIC a popisuje architekturu vybraného mikrokontroléru a funkci jeho dílčích bloků. V praktické části je proveden návrh a realizace jádra kompatibilního z hlediska provádění instrukcí, toku dat uvnitř mikrokontroléru a funkce jeho dílčích bloků, to vše pro dosažení co možná ne...

  11. Perspektivní obvodové struktury pro modulární neuronové sítě

    OpenAIRE

    Bohrn, Marek

    2014-01-01

    Předkládaná práce se zabývá návrhem nové obvodové struktury pro implementace dopředných neuronových sítí. Navržená struktura využívá nekonvenční uspořádání sběrnic pro propojení dílčích bloků. Přínos navržené struktury spočívá v optimalizaci vytížení výpočetních bloků a zvýšení efektivity přenosu dat mezi nimi. Navržená struktura je flexibilní a vhodná pro implementace širokého spektra topologií dopředných neuronových sítí.

  12. Městský polyfunkční dům na ulici Křížová, Brno

    OpenAIRE

    Doležel, Martin

    2011-01-01

    URBANISMUS A ARCHITEKTURA Celý blok, který byl až do poslední velké asanace uzavřený, byl součástí původní urbanistické struktury Starého Brna. Poloha ulic Křížová, Václavská a zaniklá Klášterní, které vymezují tento blok je po staletích neměnná. Ne až tak, dávno před tím, než byly uliční profily přizpůsobeny „moderní“ koncepci dopravy ve městě, se zde nacházely kostel, vyhlášený dvůr s hostincem, radnice a nejstarší a nejdůležitější křižovatka obchodních cest v Brně. Nejspíš jediným důvodem ...

  13. Analýza provozu uzlu sítě po připojení jaderného bloku velkého výkonu

    OpenAIRE

    Prokop, Ondřej

    2016-01-01

    Práce se zabývá analýzou provozu uzlu sítě po připojení jaderného bloku. Cílem diplomové práce je popsat vliv síťových poruch na blok jaderné elektrárny. Práce řeší tři základní problémy: Vliv zkratu a výkonové nerovnováhy v síti na synchronní generátor jaderné elektrárny a její provoz v ostrovní síti. Práce je zaměřena zejména na blok jaderné elektrárny. V případě poruchy v síti je nutné sledovat další bloky v modelu a jejich ochrany, protože výpadek bloku by mohl způsobit rozpad soustavy. P...

  14. Projekts: Restorāna "TOSKĀNĀ" dibināšana

    OpenAIRE

    Volkova, Marina

    2016-01-01

    Ēdināšanas nozare pēdēju laika posmā strauji pieaug visā pasaulē. Ēdināšanas nozari var sadalīt divos lielos blokos, tādos ka: ātras ēdinašanas bloks, kurā ietilpst bistro, kafejnīcas, bāri un vēl viens bloks: restorāni. Viena no lielākājiem restorānu potenciālo apmeklātāju grupām ir tūristi un iedzīvotāji ar vidējo un augstu ienākumu nodokli, jo viņiem ir brīvie naudas līdzekļi un viņi ir ar mieru tos tērēt. Var minēt arī to, ka Latvija tūristu skaits ar ktru gadu arī pieaug, par ko liecina...

  15. Tarihsel açıdan Türkiye-IMF ilişkilerinin başlangıç dönemi (1947-1960)

    OpenAIRE

    ÖĞRETEN, Ceyhun

    2014-01-01

    İkinci Dünya Savaşı sonrası Türkiye yeni müttefik arayışlarına girişmiş ve bu konuda adımlar atmaya özen göstermiştir. SSCB'nin savaş sonrası Türkiye'ye karşı tutumunu değiştirmesi ve bazı Türk topraklarını istemesi Türkiye'yi Batı Blok'una yakınlaştırmış ve Batı Blok'unun öncüsü durumundaki ABD safında yer almayı seçmiştir. Bu karar Türkiye'de siyasi olarak D...

  16. Capacity building for detection and response to illicit trafficking of radioactive materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Under the Research Agreement a 'National Intercepting System for radioactive contaminated Materials' was developed. It consists of the following elements: The real time information system - ILTRAM, detection equipment and detection response procedures. To guarantee smooth operation, the responsibilities of different state organizations needed to be defined and the information exchange was initiated. The emerging system was discussed in several national and international workshops and seminars. Participants came from the Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic (SR), the Customs Directorate, Ministry of Economy, Slovenske Elektrarne, the Nuclear Regulatory Authority, the State Fund for Decommissioning of NPP, the Office of Civil Protection, the police and other. Development and implementation were complemented by training courses with participation of customs coordinators and officers from the Customs Criminal Unit. The training covered radiation protection, response plans, detection equipment and its technical parameters, practical exercises with hand-held instruments, practical operation of the information system ILTRAM, and training of the response to different scenarios. Special effort was paid also to the training of the coordination of the cooperation between different parties involved: Customs Directorate, Customs Criminal Unit, Presidium of the Police Force, Office of Civil Protection of the Ministry of Interior, Laboratory of Radiochemical Analyses (SLRA), Slovenske Elektrarne, APEKO. In the training the functioning of the whole system was demonstrated, including the response to illicit trafficking. (author)

  17. Chapter No.8. Personnel qualification and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall training system and the development projects of training the staff of all categories from NPP V-1, NPP V-2 Bohunice, SE-VYZ and NPP Mochovce were the subject of UJD's attention. During 2001 following inspections were carried out on nuclear personnel training: - PP's Bohunice: an inspection focused on compliance with requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of Bohunice plant staff; - Mochovce NPP: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of NPP Mochovce staff; - SE-VYZ: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of SE-VYZ staff. Training the staff of the NPP's Bohunice: - The fundamental and periodical theoretical training as sure as the fundamental and periodical simulator training is carried out by the VUJE Training centre in Trnava. - The fundamental practical training in the workplace and training for the change work- rank is carried at Bohunice plant. Training of the staff of the NPP Mochovce: - The fundamental and periodical theoretical training is carried out by the VUJE Training centre in Trnava. The fundamental practical training in the workplace and training for the change work- rank as well as the fundamental and periodical simulator training is carried at Mochovce plant. Based on a successful passing of examination before the examining committee, UJD issues a certificate on special professional skills of selected staff members of nuclear installations for specific activity for the given type of nuclear installation and for the following positions: 1. Scientific shift manager for start up with the right of manipulation; 2. Shift supervisor; 3. Unit supervisor; 4. Primary circuit operator; 5. Secondary circuit operator; 6. Reactor physicist; 7. Scientific shift manager for start up without the right of manipulation. Examinations of

  18. Chapter 9. Personnel qualification and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall training system and the development of projects for training of all categories of NPP V-1, NPP V-2 Bohunice, SE-VYZ and NPP Mochovce staff were the subject of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) attention. During 2000, the following inspections were carried out on nuclear personnel training: (a) NPP Bohunice: an inspection focused on compliance with requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of Bohunice plant staff ; (b) NPP Mochovce: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of NPP Mochovce staff; an inspection focused on verifying the simulator aided training; an inspection focused on checking the preparedness of NPP Mochovce operation and technical personnel for NPP Mochovce Unit 2 operation; (c) Technology for treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste Bohunice (BSC): an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of SE-VYZ staff; VUJE Trnava: verification of technical equipment and professional skills of VUJE Trnava staff and tasks arising out of the 'Authorisation on nuclear installation staff training'. Examinations of selected personnel were scheduled according to the plan of examining committee meetings. For each examined person written tests are generated by the computer from the database of test questions at the Training Centre of VUJE Trnava for individual positions - categories of selected staff of NPP V-1 and NPP V-2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce so that the examination questions both in written and oral part equally cover individual facilities and regimes of operation of NPP. The database is continuously updated, thereby containing new questions resulting from the recent changes carried out at NPPs. A part of the examination in case of promotion to a higher position is the practical part, which is conducted under

  19. Spent fuel management in the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Presentation describes the history, present and future of the spent fuel management in the Slovak Republic. First experiences with spent fuel were gained in the seventies. Spent fuel form A-1 NPP was handled at Jaslovske Bohunice site, in order to prepare the spent fuel for the transport to the former USSR. After shut down of the A-1 NPP, all spent fuel was transported to the USSR. In 1978 first unit of V-1 NPP was set into operation. Actually there are six NPP units of the WWER type at Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce sites in operation in the Slovak Republic. These six units produce about 500 spent fuel assemblies per year. In 1988 an Interim spent fuel storage facility was build at Jaslovske Bohunice site. These facility stores spent fuel from four Jaslovske Bohunice units. In 2000 this facility was subject to a reconstruction, seismic upgrade and capacity enlargement. In 2004 Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic approved transport container C-30 for transport of forty-eight spent fuel assemblies. The transport capacity has risen, so the number of transports could be reduced. In 2006 Slovak Electric Plc. (SE) will start transports of spent fuel from Mochovce site to Interim spent fuel storage facility (ISFSF) Jaslovske Bohunice. In addition, a project of Interim spent fuel storage facility at Mochovce site is going on. In the future Slovakia plans to find definitive solution for the spent fuel. One solution could be reprocessing and further usage in the power reactors, the other solution could be final deposition of spent fuel. (author)

  20. Training of personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) activities in the area of NPPs staff qualification followed requirements of the Act No. 28/1984 of Collection on the state supervision over nuclear safety of nuclear installations and Decree of CSKAE No. 191/1989 of Collection. Based on these documents, staff having direct influence on nuclear safety by their working activity are subject to an examination of special vocational capability, i.e. verification of a set of their vocational knowledge and skills. Selected staff is examined by the State Examining Committee established by NRA's chairman. Based on successfully passed exams before the State Examining Commission, the NRA issues licences for selected personnel working at the WWER type of a nuclear installation. The positions are as follows: shift supervisor, unit supervisor, primary circuit operator, secondary circuit operator, and reactor physicist.Such licenses are valid for two years from the date of issue.In the event of passing an exam with grade with grade excellent, licences for a 4-year period can be granted to select personnel of the NPP V-2. For the past year of 1997, the number of licences issued to NPPs V-1 and V-2 selected personnel is reviewed. During the year, the technical equipment testing on the NPP Mochovce simulator was done. Granted licences on the ground of the NPP Mochovce for selected personnel as professional qualifications of simulation training instructors. Working negotiations at international level were held during the year to secure funds to improve the NPP V-2 simulator (US AID); also testing of technical equipment of the full-scope simulator of NPP-Mochovce, professional eligibility and overall preparation of simulator training including simulator software. Funded by the PHARE programme, an in co-operation with the IAEA, personnel qualification upgrade courses continued

    1. Report on activities of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic and safety of nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic in 1995. Annual report

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      A brief account of activities carried out by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) in 1995 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Foreword; (2) NPP V-1 Bohunice; (3) NPP V-2 Bohunice; (4) NPP EMO Mochovce; (5) Nuclear materials; ((6) NPP A-1 Bohunice; (7) Treatment; (8) Qualification and personnel training; (9) Emergency management; (10) Legislation; (11) Quality assurance; (12) International cooperation; (13) Public relations; (14) Organization structure of the NRA SR; (15) Conclusions; (16) Appendices

    2. Chapter 9. Personnel qualification and training

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In 1999 the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) focused on the overall training system and on developing programmes for individual categories for NPP V-1 Bohunice, NPP V-2 Bohunice, NPP Mochovce and SE-VYZ. The fundamental theoretical and periodical training for both Bohunice and Mochovce NPPs personnel, simulator training for NPP Bohunice, and periodical simulator training for Bohunice personnel is carried out by the VUJE Training center in Trnava, whereas the simulator training and periodical training for NPP Mochovce is carried at Mochovce plant. Based on a successful passing of examination before the examining committee, UJD issues, a certificate on special professional skills of selected staff of nuclear installations for specific activity for the given type of nuclear installation and for the following positions: (a)Shift manager for scientific start up with the right of manipulation; (b) Shift supervisor; (c) Unit supervisor; (d) Primary circuit operator; (e) Secondary circuit operator; (f) Reactor physicist; (g) Shift manager for scientific start up without the right of manipulation. Examination of selected personnel is described. Last year the examining committee held twelve session for oral theoretical examination. The number of licenses issued in 1999 and the total number of valid licenses is given.Conclusions from inspections carried out by UJD and inspections and tests carried out by the NPP operators in 1999, as well as results from operation and start up of nuclear units confirm that the standard of professional skills of the staff at nuclear installations a high standard of operational safety is being achieved on a permanent basis. Increasing the qualification of UJD staff was done in a form of training and courses scheduled in the plan of training for the staff for 1999. These training, composed of specialized qualification study, functional study, as well as study aimed at maintaining qualification. Training courses organized

    3. Hot functional test chemistry - long term experience

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Vonkova, K.; Kysela, J., E-mail: von@ujv.cz [Nuclear Research Inst. Rez plc, Husinec-Rez (Czech Republic); Marcinsky, M. [ENEL-SE, NPP Mochovce, Mochovce (Slovakia); Martykan, M. [CEZ-ETE, NPP Temelin, Temelin (Czech Republic)

      2010-07-01

      Primary circuit materials undergo general corrosion in high temperature, deoxygenated, neutral or mildly alkaline solutions to form thin oxide films. These oxide layers (films) serve as protective film and mitigate the further corrosion of primary materials. Inner chromium-rich oxide layer has low cation diffusion coefficients and thus control iron and nickel transport from the metal surface to the outer layer and their dissolution into the coolant. Much less corrosion products are generated by the compact, integral and stable oxide (passivation) layer. For the latest Czech and Slovak stations commissioned (Temelin and Mochovce) a modified Hot Functional Test (HFT) chemistry was developed in the NRI Rez. Chromium rich surface layer formatted due to modified HTF chemistry ensures lower corrosion rates and radiation field formation and thus also mitigates crud formation during operation. This procedure was also designed to prepare the commissioned unit for the further proper water chemistry practise. Mochovce 1 (SK) was the first station commissioned using these recommendations in 1998. Mochovce 2 (1999) and Temelin 1 and 2 (CZ - 2000 and 2002) were subsequently commissioned using these guidelines too. The main principles of the controlled primary water chemistry applied during the hot functional tests are reviewed and importance of the water chemistry, technological and other relevant parameters is stressed regarding to the quality of the passive layer formed on the primary system surfaces. Samples from Mochovce indicated that duplex oxide layers up to 20 μm thick were produced, which were mainly magnetite substituted with nickel and chromium (e.g. 60-65% Fe, 18-28% Cr, 9-12% Ni, <1% Mn and 1-2% Si on a stainless steel primary circuit sample). Long term operation experience from both nuclear power plants are discussed in this paper. Radiation field, occupational radiation exposure and corrosion layers evolution during the first c. ten years of operation are

    4. Containment leak-tightness enhancement at VVER 440 NPPs

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The hermetic compartments of VVER 440 NPPs fulfil the function of the containment used at NPPs all over the word. The purpose of the containment is to protect the NPP personal against radioactive impact as well as to prevent radioactive leakage to the environment during a lost of coolant accident. Leak-tightness enhancement in NPPs with VVER 440/213 and VVER 440/230 reactors is an important safety issue. New procedures, measures and methods were adopted at NPPs in Mochovce, J. Bohunice, Dukovany and Paks for leak identification and sealing works performed by VUEZ Levice. (authors)

    5. Nuclear Research Institute Rez view

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this presentation author deals with the present state and perspectives of nuclear energy in the Czech Republic and in the Slovak Republic. It is concluded that lifetime extension and finalization of Mochovce NPP Units 3 and 4 is the cheapest solution for base load production of electricity and is in line with the European union energy challenges: - decrease of carbon dioxide emissions; dependence on energy sources from politically unstable regions; decrease import dependence on energy sources. Nuclear energy is one of important sources for long term sustainability in energy. GEN IV is successful with meet the new requirements after 2025. We should participate on this long term development effort

    6. Application of the GERB shock absorbers for seismic protection of pipelines and equipment at NPPs in ChSSR

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Operation principle of the GERB viscons friction shock absorbers intended for the NPP equipment and pipeline protection against damages and displacements caused by external dynamic loads, is described. Dynamic calculation of pipeline systems equipped with viscous friction shock absorbers is performed. The GERB shock absorbers are about 3 times cheaper than hydraulic or mechanical ones. Their application in the first coolant circuit of the Mochovce WWER-440 reactor (ChSSR) provides for a reliable equipment operation under the maximum calculated earthquake of 6 points

    7. Report on activities of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic and safety of nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic in 1996. Annual report 1996

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      A brief account of activities carried out by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) in 1996 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Foreword; (2) NPP V-1 Bohunice; (3) NPP V-2 Bohunice; (4) NPP Mochovce; (5) Nuclear materials; ((6) NPP A-1 Bohunice; (7) Treatment; (8) Qualification and personnel training; (9) Emergency management; (10) Legislation; (11) Quality assurance; (12) International cooperation; (13) Public relations; (14) Organization structure of the NRA SR; (15) Conclusions; (16) Appendices

    8. Eastern Europe

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      By its economical and political impact, nuclear energy has an important contribution the countries of Eastern Europe that goes beyond simple energy source. The most important challenge is to gain a safety culture. Improvements have been noted but the reactors safety must stay a priority of the international cooperation in Eastern Europe. The plan for the completion and improvement of Mochovce nuclear plant is described, the situation of Chernobyl and how to make the sarcophagus in safe is discussed, the experience of a french P.M.E. ( small and medium size firm) called Corys Tess that has chosen to position itself on the Eastern Europe nuclear market is related. (N.C.)

    9. Stakes of safe nuclear power in Russia and other East European countries

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The continuance of world nuclear power production depends vitally on improving the safety conditions in eastern Europe's power plants. There are intractable technical, human, financial, and legal problems to be solved. But limited operations - like the completion of Mochovce, and pragmatic help aimed directly at electricians and industrial enterprises so they themselves can manufacture the equipment they need - are affordable and highly effective steps. The challenge for western governments is rather to help the eastern countries to develop stable economies that will generate wealth and gradually integrate into our markets. Sustaining their nuclear energy is one of the means for them to experience significant growth once again. (author)

    10. Pre-operational integrated pressure tests at EMO NPP (VVER 440/V 213) and options for their experimental utilization

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Pre-operational integrated leakage rate and structural integrity tests for the Mochovce NPP are discussed. A programme is presented of experiments proposed during these tests, to be used in investigations of the following phenomena: water drop entrainment from the water pool into the air trap; hydraulic resistance and leaktightness of check valve DN 500; performance of valves DN 250; response of bubble condenser walls to loading; phenomenology of the whole process and verification of some partial analytical and experimental procedures. (Z.S.) 2 figs

    11. Design works organization during the IandC system upgrading on an operating VVER power plant from the general designer's standpoint

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Two replacements of nuclear power plant instrumentation and control systems have already been implemented according to the project design of Energoprojekt: at the Mochovce WWER-440 and the Temelin WWER-1000 plants. In the present contribution the design problems encountered during the replacement are described, the causes of the problems are discussed, and a policy of organizing project design work for an instrumentation and control system replacement at an operating WWER power plant is established such as would avoid these problems. (A.K.)

    12. Excerpts from the introductory statement by IAEA Director General. IAEA Board of Governors, Vienna, 8 June 1998

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The document contains excerpts from the Introductory Statement made by the Director General of the IAEA at the IAEA Board of Governors on 8 June 1998. The following aspects from the Agency's activity are presented: nuclear testing, technical co-operation, programme and budget, safeguards, safeguards implementation report, Agency's involvement in safeguards verification in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), Agency's inspections in Iraq in relation to its clandestine nuclear programme, security of material, measures to strengthen international co-operation in nuclear, radiation and waste safety, study of the radiological situation at the atolls of Mururoa and Fangataufa, and Agency's role in safety assessment of the Mochovce nuclear power plant

    13. Excerpts from the introductory statement by IAEA Director General. IAEA Board of Governors, Vienna, 25 November 1998

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The document contains excerpts from the Introductory Statement made by the Director General of the IAEA at the IAEA Board of Governors on 25 November 1998. The following aspects from the Agency's activity are presented: inspections in Iraq in relation to its clandestine nuclear programme, conclusion of Additional Protocols to safeguards agreements, the strengthened safeguards system, Agency's involvement in safeguards verification in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), safety review at the Mochovce nuclear power plant in Slovakia, and the year 2000 (Y2K) computer system problems in the Agency's Member States

    14. Hot functional test chemistry - long term experience

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Primary circuit materials undergo general corrosion in high temperature, deoxygenated, neutral or mildly alkaline solutions to form thin oxide films. These oxide layers (films) serve as protective film and mitigate the further corrosion of primary materials. Inner chromium-rich oxide layer has low cation diffusion coefficients and thus control iron and nickel transport from the metal surface to the outer layer and their dissolution into the coolant. Much less corrosion products are generated by the compact, integral and stable oxide (passivation) layer. For the latest Czech and Slovak stations commissioned (Temelin and Mochovce) a modified Hot Functional Test (HFT) chemistry was developed in the NRI Rez. Chromium rich surface layer formatted due to modified HTF chemistry ensures lower corrosion rates and radiation field formation and thus also mitigates crud formation during operation. This procedure was also designed to prepare the commissioned unit for the further proper water chemistry practise. Mochovce 1 (SK) was the first station commissioned using these recommendations in 1998. Mochovce 2 (1999) and Temelin 1 and 2 (CZ - 2000 and 2002) were subsequently commissioned using these guidelines too. The main principles of the controlled primary water chemistry applied during the hot functional tests are reviewed and importance of the water chemistry, technological and other relevant parameters is stressed regarding to the quality of the passive layer formed on the primary system surfaces. Samples from Mochovce indicated that duplex oxide layers up to 20 μm thick were produced, which were mainly magnetite substituted with nickel and chromium (e.g. 60-65% Fe, 18-28% Cr, 9-12% Ni, <1% Mn and 1-2% Si on a stainless steel primary circuit sample). Long term operation experience from both nuclear power plants are discussed in this paper. Radiation field, occupational radiation exposure and corrosion layers evolution during the first c. ten years of operation are

    15. Possible funding of power generation projects in the Slovak Republic by the Investment and Development Bank, Bratislava

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The Mochovce nuclear power plant is in an advanced stage of construction. Out of the 38.9 billion CSK planned for the whole construction, 19.6 billion have already been spent; raising enough funds to complete the construction, however, poses a major problem. It may even happen that there will not be money enough to pay off credits as scheduled. The companies Bayernwerk, EdF and Preussen Elektra promised to grant a credit of 1.1 billion DEM, which would solve the problem of plant completion. (M.D.)

    16. Skills enhancement in the nuclear power sector: education upgrading, training, and the Nuclear Power Plant Personnel Training Centre

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The article gives an overview of how the needs of the Slovak power sector and nuclear industry with respect to personnel skills and training are addressed and satisfied. The needs are driven by the recent significant legislative changes, continuing modernization of the Bohunice V-2 units, preparation of the Bohunice V-1 units for shutdown, and completion of the Mochovce 3 and 4 units, in connection with the licence holder's recruitment and training of qualified and competent staff. The forms, methods and means used within the theoretical and practical training, including the use of a reactor simulator, are highlighted. (author)

    17. Communication and data transfer in computerized process control system for new Czechoslovak WWER 440 reactor

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Significant improvements in the last Czechoslovak WWER 440 nuclear power plant design in the area of process control set new requirements for communication and data transfer. Therefore, new control and information system -DERIS 900- use local network based equipment in data transmission. This conception can fulfill the increasing communication needs, brings cable reduction and in dependence on this higher level of safety and reliability of system and whole plant. The paper describes communication and data transfer in this new control system used for the first time in Czechoslovakia with the WWER 440 reactors at Mochovce site in central Slovakia. (author)

    18. Software concept of in-service diagnostic systems for nuclear steam generating facilities

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The concept of software systems of in-service diagnostics is presented for the primary circuits of WWER-440 and WWER-1000 reactors. The basic and supplementary systems and user software are described for the collection, processing and evaluation of diagnostic signals from the primary circuits of the Dukovany and Bohunice nuclear power plants and the design is presented of the hierarchical structure of computers in the diagnostic systems of the Mochovce and Temelin nuclear power plants. The systems are operated using computers of Czechoslovak make of the ADT production series with operating systems RTE-II or DOS IV. (J.B.)

    19. MRI in knee osteoarthritis. Application in diet intervention

      DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

      Gudbergsen, Henrik

      2013-01-01

      were that the MRI analyses were based on single determinations of MRI variables and that the studies did not assess between scan reliability. The MRI protocol for this study did not include all the recommended sequences for BLOKS. Analysing BMLs with the use of only coronal STIR and T1w sequences is...... improvements in KOA related pathology that can be assessed and evaluated by MRI. Data for the studies were obtained from obese KOA patients who were recruited for a 16 week diet intervention trial, the CAROT-trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identification no.: NCT00655941). Inclusion criteria were age ≥ 50 years, BMI...... ≥ 30 kg/square metro plus symptomatic and verified KOA. Patients underwent a 16 weeks dietary programme with formula products and counselling. Baseline and week 16 assessments included clinical examinations, MRI and CR of the most symptomatic knee, muscle strength tests, gait analyses, blood samples...

    20. Matrix model for non-Abelian quantum Hall states

      Science.gov (United States)

      Dorey, Nick; Tong, David; Turner, Carl

      2016-08-01

      We propose a matrix quantum mechanics for a class of non-Abelian quantum Hall states. The model describes electrons which carry an internal SU(p ) spin. The ground states of the matrix model include spin-singlet generalizations of the Moore-Read and Read-Rezayi states and, in general, lie in a class previously introduced by Blok and Wen. The effective action for these states is a U(p ) Chern-Simons theory. We show how the matrix model can be derived from quantization of the vortices in this Chern-Simons theory and how the matrix model ground states can be reconstructed as correlation functions in the boundary WZW model.

    1. Operacni zesilovač CMOS pracující v rozsahu napájecích napětí

      OpenAIRE

      Buček, Vladimír

      2009-01-01

      Cílem této práce bylo seznámit se s návrhem operačního zesilovače technologií CMOS. Nejdříve byla analyzována struktura tranzistorů PMOS a NMOS, díky kterým jsme mohli postupně navrhovat jednotlivé bloky operačního zesilovače. Práce pojednává o návrhu diferenčního páru, proudových zrcadel a koncového stupně zesilovače. Po návrhu jednotlivých bloků byla provedena kontrola operačního zesilovače simulačním programem CADENCE.

    2. ISTRAŽIVANJA BIOPRODUKCIJSKIH I ENERGETSKIH POTENCIJALA AMORFE (Amorpha fruticosaL.)

      OpenAIRE

      Krpan, Ante P. B.; Tomašić, Željko; Stankić, Igor

      2014-01-01

      U radu su prikazani rezultati treće godine istraživanja vezanih za biopotencijal i energetske značajke amorfe. Cjelokupno istraživanje planira se završiti unutar razdoblja od 6 godina. Prema utvrđenome godišnjem planu, istraživanja su provedena na plohama 1 i 3. Istraživački blok poligon postavljen je u trinaestogodišnjoj amorfi u odjelu 126a u Gospodarskoj jedinici Posavske šume, Šumarija Sunja, UŠP Sisak. Istraživanja se provode na temelju protokola projekta i godišnjih planova rada na četi...

    3. Ters ilaç reaksiyonu olarak ilaçlarla indüklenen parkinsonizm

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Pınar Erkekoğlu

      2011-09-01

      Full Text Available Dünya genelinde ekstrapiramidal semptomların ikinci nedeni ilaçlarla indüklenen parkinsonizmdir ve toplumun yaşlanması ve polifarmasinin artması nedeniyle prevelansı idiyopatik parkinson hastalığına yaklaşmaktadır. İlaçlarla indüklenen parkinsonizm ilk olarak psikiyatrik hastalarda nöroleptik kullanımının bir komplikasyonu şeklinde ortaya çıkmıştır, ancak sonraları antiepileptikler, antimanikler, antiemetikler ve kalsiyum kanal blokörleri gibi birçok bileşik için de bildirilmiştir. İlaçlarla indüklenen parkinsonizm çoğunlukla geri dönüşlü olsa da, ilacın bırakılmasından sonra kalıcı da olabilir. İlaçlarla indüklenen parkinsonizm hastaların en azından %10'unda kalıcı ve progresif parkinsonizm gelişimine neden olabilir. İlaçlarla indüklenen parkinsonizmi tedavi etmenin en iyi yolu, bu duruma neden olan ilaçların kesinlikle gerekli olmadıkça kullanımlarına engel olmaktır. Bu derleme parkinsonizmi indükleyen ilaçlara (nöroleptikler, kalsiyum kanal blokörleri, valproat, lityum ve metoklopramid ve olası toksikolojik sonuçlarına odaklanacaktır.

    4. Legal and regulatory framework for radioactive waste management and decommissioning in Slovak Republic

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Slovakia is dependent on external primary energy resources, importing more than 80% of its needs, particularly oil, gas and nuclear fuel from Russia. Slovakia currently operates 5 nuclear units in two sites and their share on total power production is about 50%. There are in operation two VVER 440/230 (first generation) units and two VVER 440/213 (second generation) units at Jaslovske Bohunice and one VVER 440/213 unit at Mochovce. At Mochovce site commissioning of second VVER 440/213 unit is expected at the end of 1999. The legal structure for the regulation of nuclear safety consists of new acts adopted since independence of the Slovak Republic and of other regulations adopted prior to the creation of the Slovak Republic. The legal system can be categorized as follows: The Constitution is the highest basic law and is enacted by the Parliament. Acts are basic laws specifying principles in various areas and are promulgated by the Parliament. As one of the basic laws, the Atomic Energy Act governs the peaceful use of nuclear energy in Slovak Republic. Regulations are rules issued by central governmental authorities (e. g. ministries) to pose requirements for the implementation of acts and they are approved by government. Regulatory guides contain specific requirements and recommended approaches to facilitate the fulfilment of relevant requirements and are published by the regulatory bodies. International conventions and agreements that were ratified by the Parliament and by the President are included just behind the constitution and have power as a law. (authors)

    5. Case Law

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      This section treats of the following case laws sorted by country: 1 - Germany: Federal Administrative Court confirms the judgments of the Higher Administrative Court of the Land Hesse: The shutdown of nuclear power plant Biblis blocks A and B based on a 'moratorium' imposed by the Government was unlawful; List of lawsuits in the nuclear field. 2 - Slovak Republic: Further developments in cases related to the challenge by Greenpeace Slovakia to the Mochovce nuclear power plant; Developments in relation to the disclosure of information concerning the Mochovce nuclear power plant. 3 - United States: Judgment of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission resuming the licensing process for the Department of Energy's construction authorisation application for the Yucca Mountain high-level radioactive waste repository; Judgment of the Licensing Board in favour of Shaw AREVA MOX Services regarding the material control and accounting system at the proposed MOX Facility; Dismissal by US District Court Judge of lawsuit brought by US military personnel against Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) in connection with the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident

    6. Activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic and safety of nuclear facilities in the Slovak Republic in 1994

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The report summarizes activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) in 1994 and briefly presents results of the national expert supervision over nuclear safety facilities in the SR in 1994. In 1994, the NRA SR have performed a national supervision of following organizations: SE, a.s. - Jaslovske Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant (V-1 Nuclear Power Plant (V-1 NPP), V-2 Nuclear Power Plant (V-2 NPP), A-1 Nuclear Power Plant (A-1 NPP)); Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant; Radioactive waste repository, Mochovce); Organizations providing a specialized training of NPP personnel; Organizations providing specific deliveries and activities for the nuclear power industry; Organizations having an owner of nuclear materials; Organizations providing activities related to import of radioactive sources; Organizations using radioactive sources. Organization structure of the NRA SR is explained. In the presented Chapter 1 - Safety of nuclear power plants in the Slovak Republic - safety aspects of the Slovak NPPs are reported. The next activities are reported: nuclear materials and safeguards; radioactive waste; emergency planning and NRA SR's control and crisis centre; international activities to improve the national surveillance quality; other activities

    7. There's no Nuclear Future without the Young

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Construction of Mochovce NPP started in 1981 - i.e. more than 20 years ago, however it was halted in early 90's after velvet Revolution in former Czechoslovakia. When the (I and C) system was decided in 1989 to be replaced with a state-of-the-art system of Siemens, and it was implemented in early 1990-1, the utility lacked money for further works and building works had to be halted. We were consequently thrown in difficult public and expert debates about the nuclear future: do we really need it? Nuclear is looking for new ways to persuade the public about the need to keep nuclear as a part of the world energy mix. For experts it is clear. It has already been indicated in the Green Book - a report about the future electricity demand coverage by diverse sources made out for the EC. The role of the young people is indispensable in this process. Information campaigns are focused mostly on youngsters from the very young age whose opinions are being formed. Only a long-lasting systematic work with the youth can bring better public opinion. About 95 % of Mochovce NPP visitors are students (mostly primary and secondary schools) - that is important.(author)

    8. IT support of commercial-production companies

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Slovak electricity sector was built from sixties like common entity what can use synergic effects. In the 2002 reorganisation was done, there were created independent joint stock company. There were published new legislative acts, which opened Slovak electricity market for competition. The companies have to change their mine because a business is priority No. 1. Slovenske elektrarne, joint-stock company is under transformation process to build procedural guided trade-production company. As joint project is prepared a new system to control business in to a trading floor, including a risk management, which have to be supported by technological and information tools together with planing, scheduling, directing and controlling of the operation. The all system includes standard modules that fulfil their specific functions. (author)

    9. Annual report 2001

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      A brief account of activities carried out by the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, plc) is presented. These activities are reported under the following headings: (1) Year in brief - major events; (2) Statement of the Chairman of the Board of directors; (3) Structure of the company; (4) Board of directors; (5) Supervisory board; (6) Shareholders; (7) Equity holdings of the company; (8) Company strategy; (9) Generation electricity and heat; (10) Trade in electricity and heat; (11) Operation of the transmission systems of the Slovak Republic; (12) Investment; (13) International co-operation; (14) Nuclear safety; (15) Environment; (16) Human resources; (17) Report on the financial statements of the company; (18) Balance sheet; (19) Auditor's report; (20) Abbreviations

    10. Centralisation of informatics (more effective processes via using new technologies)

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this paper author deals with next problems of Slovenske elektrarne, Plc (SE): - Centralisation and optimisation of informatics management; - New technologies within Integrated Informatics System IIS-SE: presentation of preliminary Project of 2nd generation IIS-SE; - Centralisation of the selected data processing. At the present the intensive process of restructuring is taking place in SE, Plc, focused on increasing of the effectiveness of the pursued activities. In connection with this the Informatics section solves two projects: More effective self-management and human resources; Change of Informatics system architecture from decentralised to the centralised ones with an aim to consolidate all information and to make new conditions for higher mobility. (author)

    11. SE debt restructuring plan

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) plans to restructure one's own debts in 2003-2005. Debt restructuring plan is following: 2003: Collection of pre-payment on electricity - 60 million Euro (2.5 billion Slovak crowns), consumer unknown. Own promissory notes in total value of 100 million US$ (3.5 billion Slovak crowns) - in process. Sale of claims worth 2.4 billion Slovak crowns (57.21 million Euro) - negotiations in process. 2003/2004: Restructuring of loans payable IV. quarter 2003 and at the beginning of 2004 in value of 200 million Euro (8.3 billion Slovak crowns). Aim of SE is a new credit payable within 7 years, with instalments payable in the last two to three without any state subsidies. 2005: Loans worth 460 million Euro (189 billion Slovak crowns) will still remain. SE want to negotiate them with banks without state support

    12. Decommissioning of nuclear power plants in the Slovak Republic

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The article deals with the current situation in nuclear power plant decommissioning in the Slovak Republic. Slovak NPPs which are being operated or decommissioned are listed, and the major aspects influencing the selection of the most convenient decommissioning option are outlined. Some of these aspects, such as the responsibility for the decommissioning, financing, the object of decommissioning, radioactive waste management, and decommissioning legislation are discussed in more detail. The current state of decommissioning of NPPs in the Slovak Republic is highlighted. It is concluded that the Slovenske Elektrarne company, which is the utility responsible for NPP decommissioning in the Slovak Republic, guarantees feasibility of decommissioning within the required time-scale while observing the relevant safety principles and minimizing all adverse impacts on the personnel, on the public living in the surroundings, and on the environment. (author)

    13. EURELECTRIC

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      On 18 March 2009 in Brussels, 61 highest officials of the electricity industry associated in EURELECTRIC, from 28 European countries, signed a joint declaration in which they commit to achieve a neutral balance of green house gases emission in the electricity production by 2050. This commitment mean s that the total CO2 emission will not increase by 2050. The amount of new unavoidable emission will be balanced by reducing emission as a result of using new more efficient technologies, renewable sources, nuclear technologies and others. On behalf of Slovenske elektrarne, the declaration was signed by Chairman of the Board of Directors and General Director Paolo Ruzzini. Electricity companies abiding by the Declaration produce in total 2,500 TWh annually, which is more than 70% of the electricity production in the European Union. (author)

    14. ESTE AI (Annual Impacts) - the program for calculation of radiation doses caused by effluents in routine releases to the atmosphere and to the hydrosphere

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      ESTE AI is a program for calculation of radiation doses caused by effluents in routine releases to the atmosphere and to the hydrosphere. Doses to the members of critical groups of inhabitants in the vicinity of NPP are calculated and as a result, critical group is determined. The program enables to calculate collective doses as well. Collective doses to the inhabitants living in the vicinity of the NPP are calculated. ESTE AI calculates doses to the whole population of Slovakia from the effluents of the specific plant. In this calculation, global nuclides are included and assumed, as well. The program enables to calculate and to document beyond-border radiological impacts of effluents caused by routine operation of NPP. ESTE AI was approved by the 'Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic' and is used as legal instrument by Slovenske elektrarne a.s., NPP Bohunice. (authors)

    15. Slovak Electric, Plc., 1997

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, Plc.) was established on November 1, 1994 as one entity among new entities created as successors to the former Slovensky energeticky podnik. The subject activity is the generation of electric power, operation of transmission 220 kV and 400 kV systems, transit, import, export, and sales of electric power. Besides these activities the company deals with generation, distribution, and sales of heat. The company operates one nuclear power station, three thermal power plants, and thirty hydro power plants. One nuclear Power plant is under construction (state up tu June 1997). On this CD ROM next chapters are presented: (1) The structure of the company; (2) The production Units; (3) The economic power of the company; (4) The operation culture of the company; (5) The strategic plans of the company

    16. Are we ready for a change?

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      From 1 January 2009 the organisational change at the Operation and Maintenance Division of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. becomes a reality. The organisational changes were approved in the Board of Directors and the Supervisory Board of the Company. A request for the approval of changes was sent to the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic together with an explanatory report. We expect the decision on the approval of the changes by 10 December 2008. We have prepared a change implementation schedule, which we monitor in order to comply with all necessary conditions for change implementation. Structures and activities of the new units have been defined. Managers have prepared job descriptions for the newly established job positions and are analysing the need of 'additional training' for the employees whose job description is to change. (author)

    17. Borate compound content reduction in liquid radioactive waste from nuclear power plants with VVER reactor

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      This paper describes the current status of liquid waste (evaporator concentrates) inventory at V-1 and V-2 NPPs in Jaslovske Bohunice and the intention to separate boron from them with respect to waste minimisation and improvement of physical and chemical properties for further waste treatment and conditioning. Preliminary results of laboratory experiments concerned to borate crystallisation after pH adjustment with nitric or formic acid performed in the 1998 are given. At the present time laboratory experiments continuing - next acids, coagulation with carbon oxide, electrolytic process, ion exchange resin, study of decontamination factors, immobilization of boric acid, decrease radioactivity, purification of boron-contained compounds. Slovenske Elektrarne have accumulated 7,000 m3 of evaporator concentrates containing 100-180 g/l borate. In order to make more storage space available, it is proposed to remove some of the borate in the liquor by precipitation as sodium tetraborate and immobilise in either cement of bitumen. The supernate can be further volume reduced by evaporation and returned to the tanks. Slovenske Elektrarne are currently evaluating acid addition to the pH 12-13 concentrate to reduce the borate solubility. However, this adds to the salt burden of the waste through this chemical addition -thus creating future increases in conditioning and disposal costs. Boric acid is used in pressurized water as a soluble neutron poison to control reactivity and also to assure a safety margin in the spent fuel pool and during refuelling operations. Boric acid is also present in the water reserved for injection into the reactor in the event of postulated accidents. (author)

    18. Primary coolant technology in VVER/PWR units. Experience with preconditioning, decontamination and recontamination

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Vankova, Katerina; Kysela, Jan [Nuclear Research Institute Rez, Rez (Czech Republic)

      2011-07-01

      For the latest Czech and Slovak stations commissioned (Temelin and Mochovce) a modified hot functional test (HFT) chemistry was developed in the NRI Rez. Chromium-rich surface layer formed due to modified HTF chemistry ensures lower corrosion rates and radiation field formation. Long-term operation experience from both nuclear power plants are discussed in this paper. Radiation field, occupational radiation exposure and corrosion layers evolution during the first ten years of operation are compared and presented. The operation experience from all above-mentioned units showed a low level of corrosion products in the primary system as well as low dose rates. Actual in-pile loop tests carried out at the Nuclear Research Institute (NRI) Rez are focused on the study of surface preconditioning - similar to HFT chemistry - after decontamination. (orig.)

    19. Workshop proceedings of ISAMM 2009 - Design modifications for implementation of SAM

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      NONE

      2010-10-15

      Three presentations were delivered during this relatively short session. Two of the presentations discussed the proposed design changes that will increase the efficiency of severe accident mitigation and the third provided the details of the SAM procedures developed for shutdown conditions. All presentations were appreciated by the participants of the workshop and several clarification questions were asked following each presentation. It should be mentioned that during the discussion after presentation of the paper 'Design modifications of the Mochovce units 3 and 4 dedicated to mitigation of severe accident consequences' it could be a common practice to evaluate the safety benefits of the proposed design modifications using results of Level-2 PSA and/or cost-benefits analysis, whenever it is possible. (author)

    20. Spent fuel management in the Slovak Republic

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The Slovak Republic has used nuclear energy since 1972. First spent fuel from A-1 NPP was transported to the former Soviet Union for reprocessing. After construction of VVER V-1 and V-2 NPPs the spent fuel was stored in Interim Spent Fuel Storage Facility (ISFSF) Jaslovske Bohunice for 10 years before transportation to the Soviet Union. The Interim Spent Fuel Storage Facility Jaslovske Bohunice was commissioned in 1988. During 1997-2000, the ISFSF was subject to reconstruction and seismic upgrade. Transport container C-30 is used for the transport of spent fuel of VVER 440 type. Basic engineering of the Interim Spent Fuel Storage Facility construction has begun at Mochovce NPP in 2001. Legislative requirements are given in Act No. 130/1998 Coll. and respective regulations. (author)

    1. Increasing of leak-tightness of hermetic zone and other important components in NPPs

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The performed by VUEZ resealing works in the hermetic compartments/containment of WWER 440 and WWER 1000 NPPs in Slovakia (Jaslovske Bohunice V-1 NPP, Jaslovske Bohunice V-2 NPP, Mochovce NPP), the Czech Republic (Dukovany NPP, Temelin NPP) and Hungary (Pask NPP) are presented. The leakage rate from hermetic compartments at individual NPP reactor units are shown.The VUEZ activities in field of resealing of weld joints in pools and tanks in the Jaslovske Bohunice V-1 NPP and innovation of the seal of reactor pit protective hood (kolpak) are described. The principle of operation and practical experience of the SMU-V system implemented in the Jaslovske Bohunice V-1 NPP (WWER 440 - V 230) for NPP primary circuit leakage monitoring are also given

    2. Application of heat storage in increasing operating flexibility of newly built WWER type reactor power plants in the CSSR for peak electric power generation and for offsetting plant capacity decrease due to heat supply

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In order to increase the production of electric energy during power peaks a method is suggested for heat storage. At the Dukovany nuclear power plant this is the heat storage in hot feed water based on heating a greater amount of turbine condensate. At the Jaslovske Bohunice nuclear power plant V-2 the possibility is being studied of securing heat offtake from the condensing turbines, this both for power and heating purposes. At the Mochovce nuclear power plant V-4 they are concerned with a combined generation of power and heat from the heating process water of turbines with modified design. The operation is described of the heat offtake from the heating process water at the Temelin nuclear power plant V-5. (M.D.)

    3. Mass-media mirroring of the nuclear sector issues

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Nuclear sector is a 'hot' subject for mass-media. Both military or peaceful uses of nuclear energy are largely debated due to two reasons: this energy is extremely dangerous (remember the victims of Hiroshima and Nagasaki or those from Chernobyl) and, at the same time, the money implied are huge. Recently French nuclear tests were focused by the world wide public opinion while, similarly, the refurbishment of Czech Nuclear Plant at Mochovce became an European dispute. As Romania is the first European country to use western nuclear technology at its Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant, public opinion is preoccupied with security issues because nuclear energy generation can not be absolutely secured and controlled. The paper tackles such issues as the nuclear risks in mining, transport and processing of Uranium minerals, radioactive waste disposal, heavy water preparation and so on. It is stressed the role of newspapermen in informing population and managing the public opinion and public-authority dialog. 2 refs

    4. Turbine disintegration debris

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The determination, evaluation and analysis of possible unacceptable consequences of the disintegration turbine (turbo-set) missiles is a part of the wide conceived project put by the company Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce (NPPM), the Slovak Republic. The aim of the project is to take measures reducing the probability of striking a target of safety importance in NPPM by a turbine (turbo-set) missile below the prescribed limit of 10-6 per turbine year. Following the IAEA Safety Guides, all potential events leading to the generation of a missile are to be analysed. It is necessary to evaluate the probability of unacceptable consequences of such missiles and analyse each event whose probability is not acceptable low. This complex problem thus carries especially: complex analysis of fragment generation; evaluation of the probability of unacceptable events; location of strike zones of possible turbine missiles; assessment the possibility of the turbo-set casing penetration; and projection of additional design requirements if necessary

    5. Project investigation and analysis of soil-structure interaction effects in seismic response of NPPs EBO, EMO, Slovakia. Final report

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The work described in this report was devoted to investigation of expected seismic response of the structures of WWER-440/213 type NPPs, namely Mochovce and Bohunice. Special attention was devoted to the properties of subsoil materials and the transfer of seismic waves from the bedrock to the foundation structures. Theoretical background was elaborated and discussed for wave propagation of surface waves. Alternative procedure was derived for non-linear media accounting for complex modulus theory. Material characteristics of subsoils were investigated for both NPPs. The obtained results were used as a basis for forecasting and calculation of expected seismic response when the time history records from Paks explosion were used an input. It was pointed out that the used procedure, together with previous calculation of subsoil transfer characteristics completed well the comparison with experimental results

    6. Further development of the Dynamic Control Assemblies Worth Measurement Method for Advanced Reactivity Computers

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The dynamic control assemblies worth measurement technique is a quick method for validation of predicted control assemblies worth. The dynamic control assemblies worth measurement utilize space-time corrections for the measured out of core ionization chamber readings calculated by DYN 3D computer code. The space-time correction arising from the prompt neutron density redistribution in the measured ionization chamber reading can be directly applied in the advanced reactivity computer. The second correction concerning the difference of spatial distribution of delayed neutrons can be calculated by simulation the measurement procedure by dynamic version of the DYN 3D code. In the paper some results of dynamic control assemblies worth measurement applied for NPP Mochovce are presented (Authors)

    7. Support calculations for management of PRISE leakage accidents

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Matejovic, P.; Vranka, L. [Nuclear Power Plants Research Inst. Vuje, Trnava (Slovakia)

      1997-12-31

      Accidents involving primary-to-secondary leakage (PRISE) caused by rupture of one or a few tubes are well known design basis events in both, western and VVER NPPs. Operating experience and in-service inspections of VVER-440 units have demonstrated also the potential for large PRISE leaks in the case of the steam generator (SG) primary collector cover lift-up (Rovno NPP). Without performing any countermeasure for limitation of SG collector cover lift-up, a full opening results in PRISE leak with an equivalent diameter 107 mm. Although this accident was not considered in the original design, this event is usually analysed as DBA too. Different means are available for detection and mitigation of PRISE leakage in NPPs currently in operation (J.Bohunice V-1 and V-2) or under construction (Mochovce) in Slovakia. 8 refs.

    8. Nuclear energetics as environmentally affable source - present and and future

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this paper the situation in nuclear energetics in the world in 2000 year is presented. Climatic changes initiated by burning of the fossil fuels an influence of nuclear energetics are discussed. Author informs that European Union and U.S.A. supports developing of nuclear energetics. Nuclear phobia from radiation risk of some inhabitants is compared with risks of other man activities. Possibilities of the electricity production by alternative sources are compared. Liability of the Slovak Republic for decommissioning of two reactor of the V-1 Jaslovske Bohunice NPP in 2006 and 2008, which is compared with the Program of safety improvement of these reactors are discussed. Author and Slovak Nuclear Society accept gladly the suggestion of government of the Slovak Republic that they reassess this liability. The best alternative for decommissioned Jaslovske Bohunice NPP will be the completion of the 3rd and 4th blocks of the Mochovce NPP

    9. Treatment and conditioning of solid and liquid raw

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s. (JAVYS) implements activities within the processes of treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste (RAW) at two nuclear facilities, one of them located in Bohunice - Technologies for treatment and conditioning of RAW. This nuclear facility includes: Bohunice RAW treatment centre, bituminization lines, waste water purification station and technologies for sorting, fragmentation and decontamination of metallic RAW. The Bohunice RAW treatment centre (BRTC) in Bohunice processes and conditions liquid and solid radioactive waste produced during the A1 NPP and V1 NPP decommissioning, waste from the operation of V2 NPP in Bohunice as well as from the operation of NPP EMO 1,2 in Mochovce. The BRTC includes the following technological facilities: sorting, high-pressure compaction, incineration, concentration and cementation. Treatment of radioactive wastes in the BRTC is described. (authors)

    10. Behaviour of Aluminosilicate Inorganic Matrix Sial During and After Solidification of Radioactive Sludge And Radioactive Spent Resins and Their Mixtures

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      SIAL matrix is the product of inorganic compounds by polycondensation. The inorganic SIAL matrix was subject of study from the atomic level to the level of technological application. Infrared spectroscopy measurement and X-ray analysis confirmed that SIAL matrix is mostly formed by amorphous phase. This satisfies the required criteria for disposal of immobilized radioactive waste of appropriate properties into surface repository (Slovak and Czech Republic). First of all, leaching of radioactive nuclide Cs-137 and compressive strength of the final product were found. Various remotely operated devices have been designed, manufactured and successfully used for the radioactive sludge and sludge/resins mixture solidification at the Nuclear power plant (NPP) A-1, V-2 in Jaslovske Bohunice, at Mochovce NPP (Slovak Republic), at Dukovany NPP and at Temelin NPP (Czech Republic). The SIAL matrix was approved for waste package for sludge/resins mixture by the Slovak and Czech Nuclear Regulatory Authorities. (author)

    11. Final Treatment Center Project for Liquid and Wet Radioactive Waste in Slovakia

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The Final Treatment Center (FTC) for Mochovce nuclear power plant (NPP) is designed for treatment and final conditioning of radioactive liquid and wet waste produced from plant operation. Mochovce NNP uses a Russian VVER-440 type reactor. Treated wastes comprise radioactive concentrates, spent resin and sludge. VUJE Inc. as an experienced company in field of treatment of radioactive waste in Slovakia has been chosen as main contractor for technological part of FTC. This paper describes the capacity, flow chart, overall waste flow and parameters of the main components in the FTC. The initial project was submitted for approval to the Slovak Electric plc. in 2003. The design and manufacture of main components were performed in 2004 and 2005. FTC construction work started early in 2004. Initial non-radioactive testing of the system is planned for summer 2006 and then radioactive tests are to be followed. A one-year trial operation of facility is planned for completion in 2007. SE - VYZ will be operates the FTC during trial operation and after its completion. SE - VYZ is subsidiary company of Slovak Electric plc. and it is responsible for treatment with radioactive waste and spent fuel in the Slovak republic. SE - VYZ has, besides of other significant experience with operation of Jaslovske Bohunice Treatment Centre. The overall capacity of the FTC is 870 m3/year of concentrates and 40 m3/year of spent resin and sludge. Bituminization and cementation were provided as main technologies for treatment of these wastes. Treatment of concentrate is performed by bituminization. Concentrate and bitumen are metered into a thin film evaporator with rotating wiping blades. Surplus water is evaporated and concentrate salts are embedded in bitumen. Bitumen product is discharged into 200 l steel drums. Spent resin and sludge are decanted, dried and mixed with bitumen. These mixtures are also discharged into 200 l steel drums. Drums are moved along bituminization line on a roller

    12. The system of the management of plan control and tests for NPP MO34

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The putting of the informative system for quality management of control and tests during completion of units 3. and 4. in NPP Mochovce markedly contributes to solution of the four radical problems on the operator's side: 1) to provide the early collection of the qualitative data about the status of technology from all contractors from the period of completion for the future evaluation of the equipment's lifetime; 2) to simplify and to quicken the selection of the concrete data about the technology for power of process of predictive and operative maintenance in the future; 3) to unify and to formalize the way of performed tests and controls evidence in contractors of completion with the relation to the processes of maintenance quality management at the investor; 4) to enable the complex and effective power of planned and controlled processes in the area of the supplies quality control and equipment's assembly

    13. Blasting jobs on the building site of the Temelin nuclear power plant

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The problems are discussed of the preparation and implementation on the Temelin nuclear power plant building site of blasting, the volume of drilling and the choice of the drill hammer - all based on experience gained during the construction of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. The amount of explosives used on the Temelin site will be 1400 t. The use of mechanical charging may shorten the preparation of the site by 20 to 30%. Explosive emulsion slurries are being developed from home raw materials whose application will reduce the volume of drilling by 15%. The method of controlled breaking secures adequate quality of peripheral walls and bottom chink but special explosives will have to be used. Seismic effects are discussed of blasting on dwellings, agricultural and industrial buildings in the vicinity of the site, on-site buildings, underground mains and special structures of the nuclear power plant. (E.S.)

    14. Impact of the IandC replacement to the electrotechnical part of the design

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The experience gained in the replacement of the instrumentation and control systems of the Temelin and Mochovce nuclear power plants is highlighted, especially that related to the effect of the replacement on the design of the electrotechnical part of the plants. The important electrical parts affected include the auxiliary power supply sources: a revision was needed of the auxiliary backup supply and another backup source was added; the operating modes of the transformer stations were revised; the algorithm of the automatic bus transfer of the main switchboards was changed; the dimensioning of emergency dieselgenerators was revised, as was the dimensioning of uninterruptible power supplies; and the devices for electrical protection were newly designed. (A.K.)

    15. Results and discussion

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The author deals with the experimental study of sorption, desorption and vertical migration of radionuclides in Sr-85 and Cs-137 in selected soil samples from around of NPP Bohunice and NPP Mochovce and other localities of the Slovakia. The influence of different materials [concurrent ions (K+, Ca2+, NH4+, pH), organic matter (peat) and zeolite, humidity] on kinetic of sorption and desorption of strontium and cesium as well as distribution coefficient (KD) and transfer coefficients in followed samples of soils were followed. Obtained adsorption isotherm are presented and discussed. Using the Tessiere's sequential extraction analysis a gross variability in binding of radionuclides on soils was found. The obtained results were processed with the correlation analysis and the compartment model

    16. Chapter 12. Public information

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In 1999 there were 83 contributions on both national and foreign activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) send to the Press agencies of Slovakia, dailies and electronic media. UJD, together with State Office for Nuclear Safety of the Czech Republic, is a publisher of a professional journal 'Safety of Nuclear Energy', which publishes principal articles about main activities of UJD. The double issue 3/4 (1999) was dedicated to the process of start up of Unit 1 of Mochovce. In 'Public administration' there were 2 principal articles published in 1999 on legislative activities of UJD. Contributions about the regulatory activities and the international co-operation of UJD are regularly published in the 'SE Newsletter', and in company journals of 'Mochovce' and 'Bohunice'. National and foreign activities of UJD were published in 3 issues of 'Bulletin of the Slovak Nuclear Society (SNUS)'. This year also the report on safety of nuclear installations of SR was published in the journal of 'European Nuclear Society - Nuclear Europe Worldscan'. For the world information agency, NucNet, there were 4 contributions prepared focusing on both national and foreign activity of UJD. Information material on INES was was prepared and published for the public. In 1999 there were 4 press conferences held at UJD with a follow up presentation of the management of UJD on television and in the radio broadcasting. Officials of UJD had 7 presentations on television and gave 6 interviews for Slovak Radio Broadcasting and for magazines and daily 5 significant interviews. In 1999 a vide-clip was produced for public purposes on the SWISSSLOVAK project. In Bern, Switzerland a very successful press conference was held with the participation of the UJD chairman. The UJD 3 Bulletins prepared and published on national and foreign activities of UJD

    17. Nuclear materials

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In 1996, 39 inspections of nuclear materials were performed, 22 of them performed in co-operation with IAEA inspectors. The main content of common inspections with IAEA was the inspection of both fresh and spent fuel in Bohunice NPPs and Mochovce NPPs. During 1996 there were 420 spent fuel assemblies transported from the V-1 and V-2 NPPs units to the interim spent fuel storage and 396 spent fuel assemblies were transported to the Dukovany NPP. Current state of stored spent fuel in the interim spent fuel storage is 4656 fuel assemblies, 4050 of them are Bohunice NPPs assemblies and 606 of them are fuel assemblies which belong to Dukovany NPP. There are 128 spent fuel assemblies stored in A-1 NPP, which are placed in cases of the long-term storage. Inspections of fresh fuel storage in the V-1, V-2 and Mochovce NPPs were performed, as well as spent fuel inspections in the A-1 NPP and in the interim spent fuel storage in Bohunice. From the outcomes of inspections resulted, that the limits and conditions, operating procedures and conditions of nuclear safety were not violated in any ease. There was no extraordinary event at above mentioned equipment during the 1996 and the equipment was reliably operated. NRA SR performed during 1996 eight inspections focused on safety protection of nuclear equipment and nuclear materials, and no significant deficiencies, which could resulted in extraordinary events or violation of nuclear safety were found out. Safety of transportation of fresh fuel, spent fuels, and other materials is discussed. NRA SR performed inspection focused on checking transportation readiness each transportation of the spent nuclear fuel. Serious deficiencies were not found out. Suggested system for treatment of radioactive materials caught at illegal trade is described. An attempt to export 3 radioactive sources in consignment of iron scrap to Italy came about in 1996. The NRA SR continued in co-operation with IAEA on updating IAEA database to illegal

    18. Regulation of radioactive waste management

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      This bulletin contains information about activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD). In this leaflet the regulation of radioactive waste management of the UJD are presented. Radioactive waste (RAW) is the gaseous, liquid or solid material that contains or is contaminated with radionuclides at concentrations or activities greater than clearance levels and for which no use is foreseen. The classification of radioactive waste on the basis of type and activity level is: - transition waste; - short lived low and intermediate level waste (LlLW-SL); - long lived low and intermediate level waste (LlLW-LL); - high level waste. Waste management (in accordance with Act 130/98 Coll.) involves collection, sorting, treatment, conditioning, transport and disposal of radioactive waste originated by nuclear facilities and conditioning, transport to repository and disposal of other radioactive waste (originated during medical, research and industrial use of radioactive sources). The final goal of radioactive waste management is RAW isolation using a system of engineered and natural barriers to protect population and environment. Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic regulates radioactive waste management in accordance with Act 130/98 Coll. Inspectors regularly inspect and evaluate how the requirements for nuclear safety at nuclear facilities are fulfilled. On the basis of safety documentation evaluation, UJD issued permission for operation of four radioactive waste management facilities. Nuclear facility 'Technologies for treatment and conditioning contains bituminization plants and Bohunice conditioning centre with sorting, fragmentation, evaporation, incineration, supercompaction and cementation. Final product is waste package (Fibre reinforced container with solidified waste) acceptable for near surface repository in Mochovce. Republic repository in Mochovce is built for disposal of short lived low and intermediate level waste. Next

    19. RAMOS - the radiation monitoring system of the Umweltforschungsinstitut Global 2000

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The radiation early warning system RAMOS (radiation monitoring system) measures the radioactivity of the areas surrounding nuclear technical facilities (at present, around the Nuclear Power Plants Dukovany and Mochovce). Measurements are taken with Gamma-radiation devices of the type RS 03/X by the firm BITT- Technology. These devices are measuring equipment of the type Proportion-count tube with a detection range of 10 nSv/h to 10 Sv/h. The measuring stations consist of this Gamma measuring equipment, a personal computer with modem, back-up electricity devices and meteorological measuring devices. Six such measuring stations surrounding the facility comprise a complete measuring ring. The values are measured each minute. Considering the normal fluctuation in radiation measurements due to geology and weather conditions and the average background radiation, a certain alarm threshold is defined (on all stations this threshold is under 230 nSv/h). If this threshold is breached, immediately the data is transmitted through telephone lines and is received by the central office. Because of the short reaction time and low threshold, valuable time is gained for an emergency response by government agencies and the population. Official warning of the government agencies occurs after fulfilling the commendation of the Austrian Radiation Protection Commission. In the continued measurements from the end of 1994 to 2000 at NPP Dukovany and continuous measurements from NPP Mochovce from mid-1999 to the end of 2000, there was not a detection of dangerous levels of radiation were released into the atmosphere. After close examination of the measured data, different types of fluctuations could be observed - such as during the day-time period and short-term peaks after rain-fall. Detailed knowledge about trends in these fluctuations, allows an easier continual evaluation of a potential accident. The measured data is given to the public in graphic form every month via the Internet

    20. Effective policy for sustainable behavior. An international comparison; Effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag. Een internationale vergelijking

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Brunsting, S.; Uyterlinde, M.; Pol, M. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands); Breukers, S.; Mourik, R.; Backhaus, J.; Mathijsen, T. [DuneWorks, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

      2013-07-15

      perspectief geanalyseerd zijn. De bestudeerde thema's en de te analyseren beleidscases: Huishoudelijk energiegebruik: Blok voor blok/ Meer met Minder en energielabels voor woningen en huishoudelijke apparaten; Voedselconsumptie: smaaklessen en stadslandbouw; Persoonlijke mobiliteit: het nieuwe rijden en mobiliteitsmanagement (spitsmijden Noord-Brabant); Huishoudelijk afval: Plastic Heros en Diftar (gedifferentieerde afvaltarieven). Dit rapport is de thematische vergelijking voor Nederland, Duitsland, Sweden en het Verenigd Koninkrijk.

    1. Distribuce léčiv v čistírnách odpadních vod

      OpenAIRE

      Šilhánková, Lenka

      2016-01-01

      Předložená bakalářská práce se zabývá aktuálním tématem – distribucí léčiv v odpadních vodách, u nichž byla prokázána toxicita na necílové organismy. Konkrétně řeší výskyt farmak ze skupiny beta-blokátorů, která se hojně podávají při léčbě hypertenze a dalších kardiovaskulárních onemocněních. Jako zástupci byly vybrány acebutolol, atenolol a bisoprolol, jejichž schopnost eliminace byla pozorována u tří čistíren odpadních vod (ČOV) s různou technologií čištění a rozdílným počet ekvivalentních ...

    2. Permafrost response to increasing Arctic shrub abundance depends on the relative influence of shrubs on local soil cooling versus large-scale climate warming

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Deciduous shrub abundance is increasing across the Arctic in response to climatic warming. In a recent field manipulation experiment in which shrubs were removed from a plot and compared to a control plot with shrubs, Blok et al (2010 Glob. Change Biol. 16 1296–305) found that shrubs protect the ground through shading, resulting in a ∼ 9% shallower active layer thickness (ALT) under shrubs compared to grassy-tundra, which led them to argue that continued Arctic shrub expansion could mitigate future permafrost thaw. We utilize the Community Land Model (CLM4) coupled to the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM4) to evaluate this hypothesis. CLM4 simulates shallower ALT (∼− 11 cm) under shrubs, consistent with the field manipulation study. However, in an idealized pan-Arctic + 20% shrub area experiment, atmospheric heating, driven mainly by surface albedo changes related to protrusion of shrub stems above the spring snowpack, leads to soil warming and deeper ALT (∼+ 10 cm). Therefore, if climate feedbacks are considered, shrub expansion may actually increase rather than decrease permafrost vulnerability. When we account for blowing-snow redistribution from grassy-tundra to shrubs, shifts in snowpack distribution in low versus high shrub area simulations counter the climate warming impact, resulting in a grid cell mean ALT that is unchanged. These results reinforce the need to consider vegetation dynamics and blowing-snow processes in the permafrost thaw model projections.

    3. Kardiotokograf - sledování kontrakcí

      OpenAIRE

      Vítek, Milan

      2015-01-01

      Cílem této práce je prostudování principu činnosti kardiotokografu při monitorování života plodu, dále formulace hlavních požadavků na toto zařízení a definování parametrů sledovaných biosignálů. Tyto poznatky jsou doloženy literární rešerší. Na základě poznatků je vypracován systémový návrh kardiotokografu s vymezením hlavních parametrů jednotlivých funkčních bloků, se zaměřením na snímání kontrakcí. V práci je vypracováno obvodové řešení části pro snímání kontrakcí včetně návrhu snímače. Fu...

    4. Návrh olejové nádrže pro turbínu SST 300

      OpenAIRE

      Janoštík, Milan

      2010-01-01

      Diplomová práce se zabývá návrhem olejového rámu pro turbíny SST 300 podle vzoru SST 400. Tato práce je rozdělena do několika bloků. V úvodu diplomové práce se řeší popis a problematika olejového hospodářství, dále pak 3D návrh modelu olejové nádrže v programu ProEngineer Wildfire 2.0 a tvorba výkresové dokumentace s výrobními kusovníky. Na závěr diplomové práce jsou prezentovány výsledky doplňujících témat, jako jsou vytvoření výpočtového modelu v programu Ansys 11, tvorba vazeb či výpočet n...

    5. Novostavba bytových domů, II. etapa „Díly za Svatým Jánem“ v Kuřimi, práce vnitřní a dokončovací.

      OpenAIRE

      Běťák, Rostislav

      2012-01-01

      Bakalářská práce se zabývá vnitřními a dokončovacími pracemi v bytovém domě – blok F. Novostavba se nachází v obci Kuřim, v její části „Díly za Svatým Jánem“ na ulici Metelkova. Objekt se nachází na parcele číslo 2642/431 a jedná se o novostavbu o 12-ti bytech. Vnitřní a dokončovací práce spočívají v provedení omítek, podlah, sádrokartonových pracích, malířských pracích a kompletacích. Tato práce se zabývá především provedením omítek. Omítky budou provedeny z jádrové omítky, vnitřního štuku a...

    6. The influence of spatial effects on the measurement results of reactivity in 'fast disturbances' of core parameters

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The analysis of methods for the determination of reactivity revealed an essential influence of spatial effect on the measurement precision. Using of reverse point kinetic equation for reactivity meter is assumed that the average neutron flux weigh with the importance function is known at every moment of the transient. In fact, reactivity meter represent behaviour of the neutron flux only of the part of the core, so measured value of reactivity can differ from really reactivity. Three-dimensional dynamic model of the core allow to evaluate such difference. It is supposed to evaluate correction factor for the neutron flux measured at the place where ion chamber situated with the three-dimensional model NOSTRA of the WWER core. On the basis of such algorithm we propose to build module allowing the influence of spatial effects on the results of the reactivity meter to be eliminated at real time regime. This code will be incorporated into the core monitoring system 'BLOK' (SCORPIO type) which is being developed for the Kola and Rostov NPP. The report illustrates utilization of such algorithm (Authors)

    7. Fundamentals of Baculovirus Expression and Applications.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Kost, Thomas A; Kemp, Christopher W

      2016-01-01

      In 1982 E. coli produced human insulin, the world's first recombinant DNA drug, was approved by the FDA. Since this historical event, remarkable progress has been made in developing bacterial, yeast, mammalian and insect cell protein expression systems that are used to produce recombinant proteins for both research and clinical applications. Of the available approaches, the insect cell based baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) has proven to be a particularly adaptable system for producing a diverse collection of proteins. Along with E. coli, the system has been valuable for the production of proteins for structural studies, including adequate quantities of difficult to produce G protein-coupled receptors. BEVS has also been used for production of the human papilloma virus vaccine, Cervarix, the first FDA approved insect cell produced product and FluBlok, a vaccine based on the influenza virus hemagglutinin protein. Baculoviruses, modified to contain mammalian promoters (BacMam viruses), have proven to be efficient gene delivery vectors for mammalian cells and provide an alternative transient mammalian cell based protein expression approach to that of plasmid DNA based transfection methodologies. Here we provide an update on recent advances in baculovirus vector development with a focus on the numerous applications of these viruses in basic research and biotechnology. PMID:27165326

    8. Slovinské národní divadlo v Lublani

      OpenAIRE

      Škvařilová, Marie

      2009-01-01

      Urbanisticko-architektonické řešení: Lokalitou, která byla vybrána pro návrh stavby činoherního divadla pro Slovinské národní divadlo je blok, potažmo parcela, která je v srdci samotného města a zároveň ukončující Plečnikovu urbanistickou osu. Ta spojuje kostel Trnovo s Kongresnim trgem. Plečnikova osa je významná tím, že jsou podél ní umístěné významné městské budovy. Urbanistickým konceptem bylo propojit Plečnikovu osu s osou stávajícího pěšího průchodu, spojující rušnou Slovinskou ulici s ...

    9. Psychiatrische geschiedenissen

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      M. Gijswijt-Hofstra

      2001-01-01

      Full Text Available G. Dimmendaal, Heropvoeding en behandeling. Meisjes in Huize de Ranitz, Groningen 1941-1967 G. Blok, J. Vijselaar, Terug naar Endegeest. Patiënten en hun behandeling in het psychiatrisch ziekenhuis Endegeest 1897-1997 H.G.M. Rooijmans, Negenennegentig jaar tussen wal en schip. Geschiedenis van de Leidse universitaire psychiatrie (1899-1998 E. Tonkens, Het zelfontplooiingsregime. De actualiteit van Dennendal en de jaren zestigPsychiatric HistoriesA great number of historical works on psychiatry and mental health care in the Netherlands have appeared in the last decade. Most of these works concern the twentieth century. In this review-article these books and some recent historiographical trends are discussed. Histories of mental asylums and hospitals make up the largest single category. Other themes covered by historical studies are academic, social and forensic psychiatry, ambulatory mental health care, psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, the relationship between psychiatry and religion, antipsychiatry, the role of patients,specific mental disorders and the wider social and cultural context. Two types of historiography can be distinguished: works which have been commissioned by psychiatric institutions (memorial books and academic studies. The first group — apart from some recent memorial books —- tends to be fairly factual and descriptive, whereas the second one is more analytical and sociological. The article concludes by pointing to some gaps in historical research and offering prospects for future research.

    10. Annual review of energy and the environment. Volume 23

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Socolow, R.H. [ed.] [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Anderson, D. [ed.] [Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine, London (United Kingdom); Harte, J. [ed.] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

      1998-12-31

      Thirteen papers are included in this volume. The titles and authors are: From Physics to Development Strategies by Jose Goldemberg; Rewards and Penalties of Monitoring the Earth by Charles D. Keeling; Science and Nonscience Concerning Human-Caused Climate Warming by J. D. Mahlman; Consumption of Materials in the United States, 1990--1995 by Grecia Matos and Lorie Wagner; Future Technologies for Energy-Efficient Iron and Steel Making by Jeroen de Beer, Ernst Worrell, and Kornelis Blok; The O{sub 2} Balance of the Atmosphere: A Tool for Studying the Fate of Fossil Fuel CO{sub 2} by Michael L. Bender, Mark Battle, and Ralph F. Keeling; Mexican Electric End-Use Efficiency: Experiences to Date by Rafael Friedmann and Claudia Sheinbaum; Drinking Water in Developing Countries by Ashok Gadgil; Engineering-Economic Studies of Energy Technologies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Opportunities and Challenges by Marilyn A. Brown, Mark D. Levine, Joseph P. Romm, Arthur H. Rosenfeld, and Jonathan G. Koomey; Climate Change Mitigation in the Energy and Forestry Sectors of Developing Countries by Jayant A. Sathaye and N. H. Ravindranath; Toward a Productive Divorce: Separating DOE Cleanups from Transition Assistance by M. Russell; Recycling Metals for the Environment by Iddo K. Wernick and Nickolas J. Themelis; and Environmentally Conscious Chemical Process Design by J. A. Cano-Ruiz and G. J. McRae.

    11. A Review of Discrete Element Method (DEM) Particle Shapes and Size Distributions for Lunar Soil

      Science.gov (United States)

      Lane, John E.; Metzger, Philip T.; Wilkinson, R. Allen

      2010-01-01

      As part of ongoing efforts to develop models of lunar soil mechanics, this report reviews two topics that are important to discrete element method (DEM) modeling the behavior of soils (such as lunar soils): (1) methods of modeling particle shapes and (2) analytical representations of particle size distribution. The choice of particle shape complexity is driven primarily by opposing tradeoffs with total number of particles, computer memory, and total simulation computer processing time. The choice is also dependent on available DEM software capabilities. For example, PFC2D/PFC3D and EDEM support clustering of spheres; MIMES incorporates superquadric particle shapes; and BLOKS3D provides polyhedra shapes. Most commercial and custom DEM software supports some type of complex particle shape beyond the standard sphere. Convex polyhedra, clusters of spheres and single parametric particle shapes such as the ellipsoid, polyellipsoid, and superquadric, are all motivated by the desire to introduce asymmetry into the particle shape, as well as edges and corners, in order to better simulate actual granular particle shapes and behavior. An empirical particle size distribution (PSD) formula is shown to fit desert sand data from Bagnold. Particle size data of JSC-1a obtained from a fine particle analyzer at the NASA Kennedy Space Center is also fitted to a similar empirical PSD function.

    12. Vizuální nástroj pro tvorbu aplikací ve zpracování obrazu

      OpenAIRE

      Horák, Lukáš

      2010-01-01

      Tato diplomová práce se zabývá vytvořením nástroje pro vizuální tvorbu aplikací ve zpracování obrazu, které se provádí pomocí grafického propojování funkčních bloků. Grafické propojování je realizováno pomocí tzv. node editoru, který je implementován v Qt frameworku. Qt framework je využit napříč celým projektem, pro uživatelské rozhraní a správu dynamických knihoven. Knihovna OpenCV je využita jako základ pro zpracování obrazu. Tento nástroj je možné rozšiřovat o další metody zpracování pomo...

    13. Peningkatan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar Siswa dalam Turunan Fungsi Melalui Model Pembelajaran Jigsaw Berbantuan Student Activitie’s Handout

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Khoirul Anwar

      2015-10-01

      Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi aktivitas siswa yang rendah dan hasil belajar siswa yang belum mencapai kriteria ketuntasan minimal yang telah ditetapkan. Di samping itu, model pembelajaran yang diterapkan guru monoton. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa pada materi turunan fungsi akibat pembelajaran yang menggunakan model pembelajaran Jigsaw berbantuan Student Activitie’s Hand Out. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan tiga siklus. Subyek penelitian ini siswa kelas XI IPA-2 SMA Negeri 1 Dempet Demak semester genap tahun pelajaran 2013/2014. Pengambilan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik observasi dan angket yang selanjutnya dianalisis sebagai data kualitatif, serta penilaian hasil ulangan blok dianalisis sebagai data kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model pembelajaran Jigsaw berbantuan student Activitie’s Hand Out dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa dengan rata – rata mencapai 7,45 dengan jumlah siswa yang tuntas mencapai 86,67%, meningkatkan aktivitas siswa sebesar 91,67% dengan tingkat kerja sama 3,75 (baik sekali dan antusiasme  4,00 (baik sekali, dan respon siswa terhadap model pembelajaran yang telah diterapkan adalah sangat positif (79,17%. Oleh karena itu, model pembelajaran Jigsaw berbantuan student Activitie’s Hand Out dapat diterapkan pada pembelajaran matematika, khsususnya turunan fungsi. 

    14. Ultrazvukový měřič rychlosti toku krve

      OpenAIRE

      Pavlík, Dušan

      2011-01-01

      Práce se zabývá systémovým návrhem ultrazvukového měřiče rychlosti toku krve s důrazem na praktickou realizaci takovéhoto zařízení. Jedná se o lékařský přístroj v praxi používaný v ultrazvukové diagnostice, především při měření směru a rychlosti krevních toků v povrchových cévách. Práce obsahuje postupný návrh včetně popisu jednotlivých funkčních bloků. Rovněž jsou přiloženy podklady pro výrobu oboustranné desky plošných spojů. This thesis deals with ultrasound blood flow meter design with...

    15. Ultrazvukový průtokoměr pro dialyzační monitor

      OpenAIRE

      KROHOVÁ, Lucie

      2014-01-01

      Hlavním cílem této diplomové práce je seznámení se s principem hemodialýzy, metodami měření průtoků krve a vytvoření systémového a obvodového návrhu měřiče průtoku krve. Práce obsahuje úvod do hemodialýzy, popis dialyzačního monitoru, rozdělení ultrazvukových měřičů průtoku, systémový návrh měřiče průtoku krve se stručným popisem jednotlivých funkčních bloků, obvodové schéma měřiče průtoku a experimentální ověření obvodu. Práce dále zahrnuje seznam použitých součástek, výkres plošného spoje a...

    16. Pengaruh Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (EMS Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Variasi Tanaman Marigold (Tagetes sp.

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      NI MADE DIAN PRATIWI

      2015-09-01

      Full Text Available The Effect of Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (EMS on Growth and Variations of Marigold (Tagetes sp. The aims of this research are to determine the variation of marigold (Tagetes sp derived from seed treated with EMS and to recommend the EMS concentrations that are able to induce varietion. Seeds of marigold cv Narai Orange were soaked in water for 6 hours, followed by soaking in EMS at concentration of 0%, 0.3%, 0.6% and 0.9% for 4 hours. This study employed Randomized Complete Blok Design with 10 replicates and each replicate consisted of 10 plants. Six plants were randomly chosen for measurements. The total number of samples observed were 240 plants. Observations were made on the percentage of the growth, plant height, number of leaves, number of branches, diameter and weight of flowers. Data obtained from the observations were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA, followed by DMRT (Duncan’s Multiple Range Test if there is a significant difference between treatments. The EMS treatment reduced all characters observed. The EMS concentration of 0.6% showed plant that had yellow flowers. The 0.9% EMS treatment resulted in one plant with chimera, 6 dwarf plants, 2 plants with thin stems, and 1 short plant with many branches. Untreated plants did not show any variation.

    17. Implementasi Encoder dan Decoder Cyclic Redundancy Check Pada TMS320C6416T

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Grace Natalia

      2014-03-01

      Full Text Available CRC merupakan metode yang paling populer digunakan saat ini karena kemampuanya paling baik dalam mendeteksi error. Pada Tugas Akhir ini memaparkan bagaimana CRC diimplementasikan pada TMS320C6416T. Evaluasi yang akan diteliti yaitu kinerja proses encoder dan decoder CRC sebagai fungsi Eb/No dari error per blok melalui kanal ideal AWGN  dengan modulasi BPSK serta melihat seberapa besar kemampuan CRC dalam mendeteksi kesalahan. Pengujian yang dilakukan melalui simulink matlab dan implementasi secara real ke dalam TMS320C6416T.  Adapun kode CRC yang dipilih yaitu CRC-8 dan CRC-16 dimana pada implementasi pada TMS dilakukan pengiriman sebesar 100.000 bit dalam 12.500 frame.  Hasil pengujian yang diperoleh yaitu jumlah error yang dideteksi pada CRC-8 rata-rata jumlah error adalah 2.750 frame dan rata-rata jumlah error bit informasi  1.957 bit. Sedangkan untuk CRC-16  rata-rata jumlah error adalah 3.520 frame dan rata-rata jumlah error per bit informasi yaitu 1.971 bit. Dari pengujian membuktikan bahwa kemampuan CRC-16 dalam menjaga keamanan data bit informasi jauh lebih baik dibandingkan dengan CRC-8.

    18. Softverski model estimatora radijalne brzine ciljeva / Software model of a radial velocity estimator

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Dejan S. Ivković

      2010-04-01

      Full Text Available U radu je softverski modelovan novi blok u delu za obradu signala softverskog radarskog prijemnika, koji je nazvan estimator radijalne brzine. Detaljno je opisan način procene Doplerove frekvencije na osnovu MUSIC algoritma i ukratko prikazan način rada pri merenju. Svi parametri pri merenju klatera i detekcije simuliranih i realnih ciljeva dati su tabelarno, a rezultati grafički. Na osnovu analize prikazanih rezultata može se zaključiti da se pomoću projektovanog estimatora radijalne brzine može precizno proceniti Doplerov pomak u reflektovanom signalu od pokretnog cilja, a samim tim može se precizno odrediti njegova brzina. / In all analyses the MUSIC method has given better results than the FFT method. The MUSIC method proved to be better at estimation precision as well as at resolving two adjacent Doppler frequencies. On the basis of the obtained results, the designed estimator of radial velocity can be said to estimate Doppler frequency in the reflected signal from a moving target precisely, and, consequently, the target velocity. It is thus possible to improve the performances of the current radar as far as a precise estimation of velocity of detected moving targets is concerned.

    19. Knihovna

      OpenAIRE

      Fučíková, Šárka

      2016-01-01

      Předmětem diplomové práce je městská knihovna v Mohelnici. Objekt je navržen z vápenopískových bloků, je podsklepený a má tři nadzemní podlaží. Suterén slouží ke skladování, první a druhé nadzemní podlaží plní funkci knihovny a ve třetím podlaží je zasedací a besední místnost pro účely knihovny a městského úřadu. Objekt je zastřešen tříplášťovou střechou s nosnou konstrukcí z dřevěných sbíjených vazníků. Zastřešení technické místnosti je řešeno jako jednoplášťová střecha. Stropy jsou navrženy...

    20. Technicko-ekonomická analýza dat z provozu moderní spalovny komunálních odpadů

      OpenAIRE

      Kropáč, Jiří

      2008-01-01

      Cílem diplomové práce je sestavení modelu termického bloku a systému využití tepla moderní jednotky pro energetické využívání tuhých komunálních odpadů. Model je založen na hmotnostních a entalpických bilancích a umožňuje odhadnout množství tepla předaného napájecí vodě v sekundární spalovací komoře, tedy mimo blok výměny tepla. Dále je model ověřen na základě vložení reálných dat z provozu zařízení o roční kapacitě 100 kt a využit pro analýzu vlivu měnících se vstupních parametrů v souvislos...

    1. Měření vysílání DVB-T simulovaným přenosovým kanálem

      OpenAIRE

      Vašut, Jakub

      2010-01-01

      Cílem této bakalářské práce je prostudování základních funkčních bloků kodéru a modulátoru standartu DVB-T. Dále je úkolem seznámit se s dokumentací DVB-T modulátoru DTA-110T a ASI/SDI adaptéru DTA-145 od firmy DekTec. Popsán je softwarový simulátor přenosového kanálu DTC-305 a možnosti nastavení parametrů přenosového kanálu. Jsou proměřeny přenosové kanály uplatňující se při přenosu signálu DVB-T a stanoven jejich vliv na kvalitu přijímaného signálu....

    2. Řízení modelu výtahu

      OpenAIRE

      Žůrek, Martin

      2011-01-01

      Tato práce se zabývá návrhem algoritmu řízení laboratorního modelu výtahu a vizualizací v programu Factory Talk View Studio. V úvodu práce je stručně popsána průmyslová komunikační síť AS-Interface a v praxi používané algoritmy řízení výtahů. V další kapitole je popsáno uspořádání a jednotlivé části laboratorního modelu výtahu. V neposlední řadě se zde řeší také komunikace mezi patry výtahu, kabinou a masterem AS-Interface a návrh funkčních bloků v programu RSLogix 5000. Hlavní náplní diplomo...

    3. Slovak Electric, plc. (Annual report 1999)

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      A brief account of activities carried out by the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. in 1999 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Address; (2) Significant events; (3) SE, a.s., Board of directors; (4) SE, a.s., Supervisory Board; (5) Business strategy and development programme; (6) SE, a.s., Organisational structure; (7) A layout of SE, a.s., Branch plants and Headquarters; (8) SE, a.s., Capital investment in other trading companies; (9) Basic data; (10) Electricity generation; (11) Supply heat generation; (12) Management and operation of the Slovak Republic's power systems; (13) Slovak transmission system parameters; (14) Transmission system of the Slovak Republic; (15) Electricity trading; (16) Heat trading; (17) Safety and health protection at work and fire protection; (18) Services to electricity consumers; (19) Investment programme; (20) Scientific and development; (22) Environment protection; (23) Nuclear safety; (24) Quality system; (25) International co-operation; (26) Centrel; (27) Human resources; (28) Informatics; (29) Telecommunications; (30) Auditor's report; (31) Balance sheet; (32) Income analysis; (33) Cash-flow summary as of 31 December 1999

    4. JAVYS - Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      This prospectus contains the review about of the joint stock company Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., (JAVYS). JAVYS established itself in the Slovak power industry in 2005. According to the transaction documents on the privatisation of the Slovenske Elektrarne, a. s. company (SE), on July 6, 2005, the public organisation GovCo, into which the detached SE-VYZ and SE-EBO plants (V1 nuclear power plant) were included, was established. On April 1, 2006, the GovCo company assumed responsibility for the operation of V1 NPP, decommissioning of all nuclear installations in Slovakia, processing, treatment and storage of radioactive waste and care of spent nuclear fuel. The registered at of the company was changed to Jaslovske Bohunice and the company's name changed to Jadrova Vyradovacia Spolocnost, a. s. on August 7, 2006. The company name Jadrova a Vyradovacia Spolocnost, a.s. exists since March, 2007. The history of the company is short; professional activities however have been carried out for several decades. Some facts about the JAVYS are reported

    5. Enel expects privatization to be completed

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The collapse of the coalition will probably mean that the sale of state-owned stakes in two distribution companies and all the heating plants will not be completed and nor will privatisation at Zapadoslovenska energetika. Most important for the energy sector is uncertainty regarding the major privatization project of this government - finding a new owner of 66% of Slovenske elektrarne shares. The state expects to receive about 32 billion Slovak crowns (842.105 million EUR) from Enel for this stake. 'The cabinet has approved the privatization under certain conditions and those have to be met now,' answered the leader of the KDH deputy's club, Pavol Minarik, to the question whether the cabinet would still be able to muster sufficient votes in parliament to pass the Act on the national nuclear account. All other so-called delaying conditions are in the competence of the cabinet or the Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic and the opposition, which opposes privatization, cannot influence them. The act will address the financing of debts related to the liquidation of the V1 and A1 nuclear power plants. (authors)

    6. Low level radioactive waste disposal

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The Mochovce National Radwaste Repository is a near surface multi-barrier disposal facility for disposal of processed low and very low level radioactive wastes (radwastes) resulting from the operation and decommissioning of nuclear facilities situated in the territory of the Slovak Republic and from research institutes, laboratories, hospitals and other institutions (institutional RAW) which are in compliance with the acceptance criteria. The basic safety requirement of the Repository is to avoid a radioactive release to the environment during its operation and institutional inspection. This commitment is covered by the protection barrier system. The method of solution designed and implemented at the Repository construction complies with the latest knowledge and practice of the repository developments all over the world and meets requirements for the safe radwaste disposal with minimum environmental consequences. All wastes are solidified and have to meet the acceptance criteria before disposal into the Repository. They are processed and treated at the Bohunice RAW Treatment Centre and Liquid RAW Final Treatment Facility at Mochovce. The disposal facility for low level radwastes consists of two double-rows of reinforced concrete vaults with total capacity 7 200 fibre reinforced concrete containers (FCCs) with RAW. One double-row contains 40 The operation of the Repository was started in year 2001 and after ten years, in 2011 was conducted the periodic assessment of nuclear safety with positive results. Till the end of year 2014 was disposed to the Repository 11 514 m3 RAW. The analysis of total RAW production from operation and decommissioning of all nuclear installation in SR, which has been carried out in frame of the BIDSF project C9.1, has showed that the total volume estimation of conditioned waste is 108 thousand m3 of which 45.5 % are low level waste (LLW) and 54,5 % very low level waste (VLLW). On the base of this fact there is the need to build 7.5 double

    7. Design, implementation and licensing of improvement measures

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Modifications are designed to contribute to improve the level of safety, and the level of performance of the plants. The successful implementation of a modification depends on the quality of the design and particularly the good fitting of the modification in the existing design, on the perfect consistency of the licensing approach and on the good management of the project constraints and interfaces. Over the last ten years, FRAMATOME has accumulated a large and varied experience in these activities, as shown in the few examples briefly described in the presentation. Within the Mochovce completion project, FRAMATOME has been in charge of the basic design or implementation of about twenty safety measures. This involved establishing efficient partnerships with design organizations and suppliers in the Slovak Republic, Czech Republic, and Russia. A similar approach is used in the frame of the Kozloduy 5-6 modernization program, where the basic engineering contract is conducted since 1998 and the main contract under discussion. From the very beginning of the TACIS program FRAMATOME has been involved in projects dealing with the design of reactor safety systems. For example, an extensive work aiming at developing a methodology for accident analysis in VVER reactor was initiated in 1993, in collaboration with Siemens, Kurchatov Institute and OKB Gidropress. This methodology was recently used successfully in a new project with the objective to evaluate the possible modification of reactor protection signals of some Russian reactors. Within the PHARE program, a complete analysis of the primary to secondary leakage risk was conducted for Paks nuclear power plant. This involved the writing and validation of the relevant emergency procedure, specification of the leak detection system, study of an improved design of the collector cover, and recommendation of some systems modifications. A last example is the study of the modifications of main steam lines performed in the frame

    8. Effective policy for sustainable behavior. A thematic comparison [in the Netherlands]; Effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag. Een thematische vergelijking [in Nederland

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Brunsting, S.; Uyterlinde, M.; Tigchelaar, C.; Pol, M. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands); Breukers, S.; Mourik, R.; Backhaus, J.; Mathijsen, T. [DuneWorks, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

      2013-07-15

      behaviour; (e) allow for sufficient time to let behavioural change diffuse through society and support this process with consistent programmes and policies. In the wider context, programs and interventions would benefit from a more integrated policy approach to sustainable behaviours across domains. Furthermore, particularly at times when the government is withdrawing and investments in sustainable behavioural programmes are decreasing, it is vital to allow local governments, intermediary parties, stakeholders and end users as much freedom as possible to link and cooperate as they see fit. Finally, to foster the growth of such local initiatives, there is a need for platforms to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and expertise and to connect initiatives at different levels [Dutch] Als achtergrondstudie voor het advies Duurzame gedragspatronen zijn twee onderzoeken uitgevoerd naar effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag (1) in Nederland en (2) internationaal. De twee rapporten beschrijven een aantal beleidscases die vanuit gedragskundig perspectief geanalyseerd zijn. De bestudeerde thema's en de te analyseren beleidscases: Huishoudelijk energiegebruik: Blok voor blok/ Meer met Minder en energielabels voor woningen en huishoudelijke apparaten; Voedselconsumptie: smaaklessen en stadslandbouw; Persoonlijke mobiliteit: het nieuwe rijden en mobiliteitsmanagement (spitsmijden Noord-Brabant); Huishoudelijk afval: Plastic Heros en Diftar (gedifferentieerde afvaltarieven). Dit rapport is de thematische vergelijking voor Nederland.

    9. Les traductions russes de La Légende de Saint Julien L’Hospitalier

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Svetlana Maire

      2012-02-01

      Full Text Available Les œuvres de Gustave Flaubert étaient et restent toujours populaires auprès du lectorat russe. La Légende de Saint Julien l’Hospitalier, parue en 1876, a suscité l’intérêt d’un grand nombre de traducteurs. Ivan Turgenev fut le premier à réaliser une traduction officielle en russe de la Légende en 1877. Par la suite, d’autres versions ont suivi. Cet article propose l’analyse de trois traductions réalisées à trois périodes différentes par trois grandes personnalités de la littérature russe, Ivan Turgenev, Alexandr Blok et Maximilian Vološin. Chacun d’eux a sa propre méthode de traduction, utilise ses propres procédés afin de restituer au mieux l’effet de stylisation créé par Gustave Flaubert. La distance temporelle qui existe entre les trois traductions suppose que chacune d’elles suive les tendances littéraires propres à son époque. Ainsi, l’analyse comparative des traductions sera menée sous un angle diachronique. Par ailleurs, la traduction de chacun d’eux reflète les tendances dominantes dans le développement des différentes conceptions du métier du traducteur et plus particulièrement sur le travail de stylisation historique.The Russian reader has always been lost in admiration at Gustave Flaubert’s production, which is particularly style-worked and of a high literary quality. The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller, wrote in 1876, is marked out by stylistic treasures where the form is also important as the content. Consequently, this text represents a difficult translation exercise. However, the text has always aroused interest of translators. It was in the year 1877 that Ivan Turgenev first translated it into Russian and after that various versions with distinctive features have been turning up. This paper consists on examining three versions carried out for the three different periods by three eminent personalities of the Russian literature, Ivan Turgenev, Alexandr Blok, Maximilian

    10. The relationship between prevalent medial meniscal intrasubstance signal changes and incident medial meniscal tears in women over a 1-year period assessed with 3.0 T MRI

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Crema, Michel D. [Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Quantitative Imaging Center, Boston, MA (United States); Ribeirao Preto School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor Apparatus, and Department of Internal Medicine, Radiology Division, Ribeirao Preto (Brazil); Institute of Diagnostic Imaging (IDI), Ribeirao Preto (Brazil); Hunter, David J. [The University of Sydney, Sydney School of Medicine, Sydney (Australia); Roemer, Frank W. [Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Quantitative Imaging Center, Boston, MA (United States); Klinikum Augsburg, Department of Radiology, Augsburg (Germany); Li, Ling [New England Baptist Hospital, Division of Research, Boston, MA (United States); Marra, Monica D. [Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Quantitative Imaging Center, Boston, MA (United States); Institute of Diagnostic Imaging (IDI), Ribeirao Preto (Brazil); Nogueira-Barbosa, Marcello H. [Ribeirao Preto School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor Apparatus, and Department of Internal Medicine, Radiology Division, Ribeirao Preto (Brazil); Hellio Le Graverand, Marie-Pierre; Wyman, Bradley T. [Pfizer Global Research and Development, New London, CT (United States); Guermazi, Ali [Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Quantitative Imaging Center, Boston, MA (United States)

      2011-08-15

      Intrasubstance meniscal signal changes not reaching the articular surface on fast spin echo (FSE) sequences are considered to represent mucoid degeneration on MRI. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of prevalent intrasubstance signal changes with incident tears of the medial meniscus detected on 3.0 T MRI over a 1-year period. A total of 161 women aged {>=}40 years participated in a longitudinal 1-year observational study of knee osteoarthritis. MRI (3.0 T) was performed at baseline and 12-month follow-up. The anterior horn, body, and posterior horn of the medial meniscus were scored by two experienced musculoskeletal radiologists using the Boston-Leeds Osteoarthritis Knee Score (BLOKS) system. Four grades were used to describe the meniscal morphology: grade 0 (normal), grade 1 (intrasubstance signal changes not reaching the articular surface), grade 2 (single tears), and grade 3 (complex tears and maceration). Fisher's exact test and the Cochran-Armitage trend test were performed to evaluate whether baseline intrasubstance signal changes (grade 1) predict incident meniscal tears/maceration (grades 2 and/or 3) in the same subregion of the medial meniscus, when compared to subregions without pathology as the reference group (grade 0). Medial meniscal intrasubstance signal changes at baseline did not predict tears at follow-up when evaluating the anterior and posterior horns (left-sided p-values 0.06 and 0.59, respectively). No incident tears were detected in the body. We could not demonstrate an association between prevalent medial meniscal intrasubstance signal changes with incident tears over a 1-year period. (orig.)

    11. V. Nabokov’s play with a reader in his written in Russian novels

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Uzbekova G. F.

      2016-01-01

      Full Text Available Playing with the reader is one of the main characteristics of V. Nabokov’s creativity. His books is a “literary crossword puzzle”, charade, and mystification that demand parity, intellectually equal, and with the similar art preferences reader. Reader equally participates with author in an esthetic process. The reader follows the writer-“wizard” in the text, and first, enters game process to take esthetic “pleasure from the text”; second, he is getting involved in the “composite games by rules”. The main means of the organization of literary game in Russian-language novels of V. Nabokov is a play with “someone else’s word”. V. Nabokov addressed to someone else’s texts to mock social writers (N. Chernyshevsky, N. Nekrasov, N. Dobrolyubov, V. Mayakovsky or to degrade a certain hero in parodic and ironic ways. The writer in “someone else’s word” did not mock predecessors similar to his own spirit (W. Shakespeare, A. Pushkin, M. Lermontov, A. Blok, etc., but discredited a modern person who disappeared from the world of the real culture. One of the important composition elements of game in V. Nabokov’s novels is symbolics of key. The theme of keys obviously or indirectly sounds both in the debut Nabokov’s novel “Mashenka” (1926, and in later books: “Invitation to execution” (1936, “Luzhin’s Protection” (1930, “Feat” (1932, and “Gift” (1937. A number of motives is connected with the theme of keys and the closed doors: wandering, homelessness, downtime, initiation, and crossing. The process of searching for those keys is an attempt to find answers to ontological questions, and this is essential for V. Nabokov.

    12. Comparison between Scheduling Techniques in Long Term Evolution

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      M. H. Habaebi

      2013-04-01

      Full Text Available Long-Term Evolution (LTE is a recently evolving technology characterized by very high speed data rate that allows users to access internet through their mobile as well as through other electronic devices.  Such technology is intended to support variety of IP-based heterogeneous traffic types. Traffic scheduling plays an important role in LTE technology by assigning the shared resources among users in the most efficient manner. This paper discusses the performance of three types of scheduling algorithms namely: Round Robin, best Channel Quality Indicator (CQI and Proportional Fair (PF schedulers representing the extreme cases in scheduling. The scheduling algorithms performances on the downlink were measured in terms of throughput and block error rate using a MATLAB-based system level simulation. Results indicate that the best CQI algorithm outperforms other algorithms in terms of throughput levels but on the expense of fairness to other users suffering from bad channel conditions. ABSTRAK: Teknologi baru Evolusi Jangka Panjang (LTE sentiasa berubah dan ia bercirikan kelajuan kadar data sangat tinggi yang membolehkan pengguna mengakses internet melalui telefon bimbit dan peranti elektronik lain. Teknologi seperti ini bertujuan menyokong pelbagai jenis trafik heterogen berasaskan IP. Penjadualan trafik memainkan peranan penting dalam teknologi LTE bagi mengagihkan sumber perkongsian secara paling berkesan di kalangan pengguna. Kertas ini membincangkan prestasi tiga jenis algoritma penjadualan iaitu: pusingan Robin, penunjuk kualiti saluran (CQI terbaik dan  penjadualan berkadar adil (PF yang merupakan kes ekstrem dalam penjadualan. Prestasi penjadualan Algoritma di pautan turun diukur dari segi daya pemprosesan dan kadar ralat blok melalui simulasi  sistem menggunakan MATLAB. Hasil kajian menunjukkan algoritma CQI adalah yang terbaik berbanding hasil algoritma lain dari segi tahap daya pemprosesan tetapi algoritma ini menyebabkan pengguna lain

    13. STUDI PEMODELAN DAN PERHITUNGAN TRANSPORT MONTE CARLO DALAM TERAS HTR PEBBLE BED

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Zuhair .

      2013-01-01

      Full Text Available Konsep sistem energi VHTR baik yang berbahan bakar pebble (VHTR pebble bed maupun blok prismatik (VHTR prismatik menarik perhatian fisikawan reaktor nuklir. Salah satu kelebihan teknologi bahan bakar bola adalah menawarkan terobosan teknologi pengisian bahan bakar tanpa harus menghentikan produksi listrik. Selain itu, partikel bahan bakar pebble dengan kernel uranium oksida (UO2 atau uranium oksikarbida (UCO yang dibalut TRISO dan pelapisan silikon karbida (SiC dianggap sebagai opsi utama dengan pertimbangan performa tinggi pada burn-up bahan bakar dan temperatur tinggi. Makalah ini mendiskusikan pemodelan dan perhitungan transport Monte Carlo dalam teras HTR pebble bed. HTR pebble bed adalah reaktor berpendingin gas temperatur tinggi dan bermoderator grafit dengan kemampuan kogenerasi. Perhitungan dikerjakan dengan program MCNP5 pada temperatur 1200 K. Pustaka data nuklir energi kontinu ENDF/B-V dan ENDF/B-VI dimanfaatkan untuk melengkapi analisis. Hasil perhitungan secara keseluruhan menunjukkan konsistensi dengan nilai keff yang hampir sama untuk pustaka data nuklir yang digunakan. Pustaka ENDF/B-VI (66c selalu memproduksi keff lebih besar dibandingkan ENDF/B-V (50c maupun ENDF/B-VI (60c dengan bias kurang dari 0,25%. Kisi BCC memprediksi keff hampir selalu lebih kecil daripada kisi lainnya, khususnya FCC. Nilai keff kisi BCC lebih dekat dengan kisi FCC dengan bias kurang dari 0,19% sedangkan dengan kisi SH bias perhitungannya kurang dari 0,22%. Fraksi packing yang sedikit berbeda (BCC= 61%, SH= 60,459% tidak membuat bias perhitungan menjadi berbeda jauh. Estimasi keff ketiga model kisi menyimpulkan bahwa model BCC lebih bisa diadopsi dalam perhitungan HTR pebble bed dibandingkan model FCC dan SH. Verifikasi hasil estimasi ini perlu dilakukan dengan simulasi Monte Carlo atau bahkan program deterministik lainnya guna optimisasi perhitungan teras reaktor temperatur tinggi.   Kata-kunci: kernel, TRISO, bahan bakar pebble, HTR pebble bed

    14. PENGEMBANGAN PAPAN PEREDAM BUNYI MELALUI MODIFIKASI NANO SILIKAT AMPAS TEBU PG KREMBOENG DENGAN TEMPLATE SERAT SABUT KELAPA

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Hengky Herdianto

      2015-10-01

      Full Text Available Manusia memiliki batas kemampuan mendengar suara pada rentang hingga 140 dB, lebih daripada itu akan terjadi kerusakan pada organ-organ dalam gendang telinga. Ampas tebu PG Kremboeng mengandung 70,97% silikat murni yang berpotensi memberikan penguatan pada papan serat dan meningkatkan performa serap bunyi. Metode yang digunakan untuk sintesis nano silikat ampas tebu dilakukan dengan cara Pretreatment BBA, tukar kation silikat, dan pencucian gel kering. Komponen silikat dan produk lain dalam ampas tebu ditentukan menggunakan difraksi sinar-X (XRD. Morfologi xerogels nano silikat dan papan serat telah diteliti dengan menggunakan Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM. Daya serap ditentukan dari berat sebelum dan sesudah perendaman dalam air 24 jam. Pengujian keteguhan patah dan Modulus of Elasticity dilakukan dengan Universal Testing Machine. Uji Internal Bond direkatkan pada dua buah blok alumunium dengan perekat besi dan dibiarkan mengering. Koefisien serap diukur dengan sound level meter. Berdasarkan pola XRD, dapat diketahui bahwa terdeteksi medium silicate hydroxide. Berdasarkan mikrograf SEM dapat diketahui suatu struktur bongkahan yang memanjang halus terdiri atas kumpulan-kumpulan partikel nano silikat pada papan dengan template serat sabut kelapa. Sampel terbaik dalam penelitian ini adalah I (60%;17%;23% dengan nilai DSA 82,38%, MOR 102,84 kg/cm2, MOE 11.228,52 kg/cm2, dan IB 0,83 kg/cm2. Interval nilai koofisien serap taraf intensitas bunyi antar sampel adalah 0,527 < x < 1,000 pada pagi hari, 0,544 < x < 1,000 pada siang hari, dan 0,538 < x < 1,000 pada malam hari. Sehingga secara keseluruhan interval pada segala kondisi waktu adalah 0,527 < x < 1,000

    15. Effect of organoseleneium compound DHSred on gamma radiation induced chromosome aberrations and micronucleus in blood lymphocytes and V79 CH cells

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Experiments were carried out using the blood samples from two healthy donors to assess the modifying effects of organoseleneium compound, DL-trans-3,4-dihydroxy-1-selenolane (DHSred), on Cobalt-60 gamma radiation induced chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes. The compound DHSred is water soluble and has been found to be non-toxic and exhibit antioxidant and radioprotective activity. Radiation dose employed was 4 Gy whereas DHSred pre-treatment was carried out with concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 10 μg/ml. The results indicated that DHSred pre-treatment significantly decreased the frequency of radiation induced dicentric aberrations in a dose dependant manner. The highest reduction of 54% was observed with 0.5 μg/ml of DHSred pretreatment. In another experiment exponentially growing V79 CH (lung, Chinese Hamster) cells were used. The induced damage was measured by Cytokinesis blocked micronucleus assay. V79 CH cells treated without or with DHSred (0.1 - 3 μg/ml) for 1h were exposed to 2Gy of gamma radiation. About 3h after irradiation the drug containing medium was replaced with fresh medium containing 5 μg/ml cytochalasin B to blok Cytokinesis. The cells were allowed to grow for further 16 h and slides were prepared by modified protocol of Fenech and Morely. The results indicated significant reduction (45-60%) in the radiation induced MN frequency and protection of blood lymphocyte. Being non-toxic and water soluble this compound, DHSred can be explored for potential application in radiotherapy and radioprotection. (author)

    16. A Further Study on the Position of Lermontov in the History of the Russian Literature%再论莱蒙托夫在俄罗斯文学史中的地位

      Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

      黄晓敏

      2014-01-01

      莱蒙托夫是19世纪俄罗斯文学中继普希金之后的一位重要作家。莱蒙托夫在俄罗斯文学史中的地位是不容忽视的。在谈及莱蒙托夫的创作时不可避免地会谈到他对普希金的模仿问题,但是他的创作特色也同样十分突出,因而在俄罗斯文学中形成了一种莱蒙托夫传统,而这种传统在后来19世纪作家陀思妥耶夫斯基、托尔斯泰的创作中,在白银时代作家勃洛克、勃留索夫、古米廖夫等诗人的创作中得到了延续。%Lermontov is an important writer in the Russian literature of the 19 th century after Pushkin.The position of Lermontov in the history of Russian literatuer cannot be ignored.When it comes to the creation of Lermontov, it is inevitable to refer to his imitation of Pushkin.However, the u-niqueness of Lermontov's creation makes his works outstanding.Therefor, a certain kind of Lermontov tradition has been formed in the Russian literature, which has been developed in the 19th century by Dostoyevsky and Tolstoy, and by some writers or poets of the Silver age, like Blok, Bryusov and Gu-milev.

    17. Kualitas Mikrobiologis Udara di Salah Satu Pusat Perbelanjaan di Jakarta Selatan

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Eko Pudjadi

      2016-03-01

      Full Text Available The airborne bacteria and fungi in parking building, playground and food court in Blok M Square, South Jakarta, were assessed in order to investigate air quality in one of the shopping center in Jakarta. The air sample was passed through plate count agar and potato dextrose agar using a single-stage multi-orifice Sampler SKC Biostage Standard. Results showed that average microbial concen-trations were 200.17, 101.17, 55, 33 CFU bacteria per m3, and 109.54, 37.69, 27.09 CFU fungi per m3 of air volume in the parking building, the children playground and the food court, respectively. The most dominating bacteria had characteristicsresembleairborne Bacillus subtilis, while the most dominating fungi wereidentified as Cryptococcus sp., Aspergillus spp., Penicillium sp. and Candida sp. The microbial concentrations were different significantly (α=0,05 inall the three areas. In addition, there were strong relationship and significant influence between the concentrations of bacteria and fungi to temperature, humidity and light intensity in in all the three areas based on Pearson correlation analysis. For today, there is no air quality standard specifically for shopping center, so the data were compared tocommon standards for indoor air quality. The concentration of bacteria and fungi met the standard regulated by TheMinistry of Health Republic of IndonesiaNo.1405/MENKES/SK/ XI/2002 about Environmental Requirements for Office and Industrial., i.e <700 CFU/m3, and acceptable according to World Health Organization (WHO with 500 CFU/m3 as a normal condition. In any case, it is advisable to be aware ofthe spread of airborne bacteria and fungi in shopping centersthat are potentially pathogenic.

    18. Radioactive waste disposal in Slovakia: Current practice and development

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The paper describes activities concerning the disposal of radioactive waste in the Slovak Republic. For disposal of the low and intermediate short-lived radioactive waste, the National radioactive waste repository Mochovce (near surface type) was put into operation in 1999. History and approaches to repository development, siting and construction are briefly described. Recent activities regarding the repository are concerning on the safety re-assessment and re-derivation of coherent waste acceptance criteria, studies of repository covering and possible enlargement. In the second part, attention is given to the Slovak deep geological repository development programme, which has been under way since 1996. Most of the results were obtained from the siting part of the programme, where four localities (six sites) were identified as prospective for next investigation. The paper also gives an overview on next two routes of deep repository development programme: studies resulted later in performance assessment and general activities, i.e. design studies, analysis of legislative and infrastructure conditions, planning and evaluation of works. (author)

    19. Nuclear safety in Slovak Republic. Status of safety improvements

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Status of the safety improvements at Bohunice V-1 units concerning WWER-440/V-230 design upgrading were as follows: supplementing of steam generator super-emergency feed water system; higher capacity of emergency core cooling system; supplementing of automatic links between primary and secondary circuit systems; higher level of secondary system automation. The goal of the modernization program for Bohunice V-1 units WWER-440/V-230 was to increase nuclear safety to the level of the proposals and IAEA recommendations and to reach probability goals of the reactor concerning active zone damage, leak of radioactive materials, failures of safety systems and damage shields. Upgrading program for Mochovce NPP - WWER-440/V-213 is concerned with improving the integrity of the reactor pressure vessel, steam generators 'leak before break' methods applied for the NPP, instrumentation and control of safety systems, diagnostic systems, replacement of in-core monitoring system, emergency analyses, pressurizers safety relief valves, hydrogen removal system, seismic evaluations, non-destructive testing, fire protection. Implementation of quality assurance has a special role in improvement of operational safety activities as well as safety management and safety culture, radiation protection, decommissioning and waste management and training. The Year 2000 problem is mentioned as well

    20. 50 Years of nuclear power plants in Slovakia

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The publication was prepared to celebration of semi-centennial anniversary of nuclear power plants in Slovakia and presents a free sequel of book '40 years of nuclear power plants in Slovakia'. It contains memories of the observers that are valuable and merits spreading theirs ideas. There are photos in the publication that up to now were not disclosed and that have a unique value not due to their age only. At the same time, the publication expresses an admiration, regard and acknowledgement to all who joined their life with nuclear power. This book contains the following headings: (1) Speech, Lubomir Jahnatek (Minister of Economy of the Slovak Republic); (2) Speech, Jozef Valach; (3) Speech, Paolo Ruzzini; (4) Historic aspects of A1 NPP; (5) Historic Aspects of V1 NPP; (6) Historic Aspects of V2 NPP; (7) A remembrance to Mochovce; (8) Historic Aspects of VYZ; (9) Nuclear power as an integral part of the Slovak power engineering; (10) Under control of supervision; (12) The state health regulation performance in nuclear installations; (13) JAVYS in the Slovak energy sector

    1. Modification of laundry waste water cleanup technology for water containing new washing powders

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      2 kg of dry laundry with a contamination level of 40-50 Bq/cm2 were washed in a modified commercial washing machine. The Alfa-DEO washing powder was used and the following operations gradually undertaken: soaking, pre-wash, rinse, wash, treble rinse and spinning. Then the Alfa-DES detergent was used for the following operations: pre-wash, rinse, spinning, washing with a foam suppressing agent, treble rinse and spinning. Both procedures reduced radioactivity of the working garments to under 3 Bq/cm2. Tabulated are the average contents of surfactants, phosphates, sodium ions, and the most important nuclides in the wash water after the individual operations. Wash waters were cleaned using three alternative methods: 1. the procedure designed for treatment plants for contaminated laundry wash waters in Mochovce and Temelin, 2. biological waste water treatment, 3. biological procedure with chemical treatment. The results of the three procedures are tabulated. It was found that new detergents can make waste water treatment more efficient. The possibility was also opened for solidification of sludges from chemical treatment and their subsequent fixation in a cement mixture. (E.S.). 6 tabs., 4 refs

    2. Radiation protection and monitoring

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The safety, the quality and efficiency of the radiological monitoring systems for block one and two of the NPP Mochovce, designed and delivered by the general designer, should be increased by EUCOM Siemens. Modern, accident resistant and/or more powerful monitoring systems have been designed by Siemens will be added to the existing systems. To achieve this radiation measuring units will be installed inside the hermetic zone, in the reactor hall, at the stack, at the release water system and in the environment in the vicinity of the NPP. The presentation, the storage distribution and the processing of all measuring results also will be optimised by installing a modern high-performance computer system, the so-called Central Radiological Computer System 'CRCS', featuring a high availability. The components will be installed in the relevant control rooms all over the plant. With this computer system it is easy to control the radiation level inside and outside the NPP during normal operation and during and after an accident. Special programs, developed by Siemens support the staff by interpreting the consequences of radioactive releases into the environment and by initiating protection procedures during and after an accident. All functions of the system are available for emergency protection drills and training the staff interruption of the normal control procedure. For the personal protection a digital personal dosimetry system completely considering with the requirements of ICRP 60 and several contamination monitors will be installed. (authors)

    3. Primary coolant technology in VVER/PWR units. Experience with preconditioning, decontamination and recontamination

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Vonkova, Katerina [Nuclear Research Institute, Rez (Czech Republic); Kysela, Jan

      2012-01-15

      For the latest Czech and Slovak stations commissioned (Temelin and Mochovce) a modified hot functional test (HFT) chemistry was developed in the NRI Rez. Chromium rich surface layer formed due to modified HTF chemistry ensures lower corrosion rates and radiation field formation. Long term operation experience from both nuclear power plants are discussed in this paper. Radiation field, occupational radiation exposure and corrosion layers evolution during the first 10 years of operation are compared and presented. The operation experience from all above mentioned units showed a low level of corrosion products in the primary system as well as low dose rates. Second part of the paper deals with radiation fields that exist in nuclear power plants primarily due to the deposition of radioisotopes on the surfaces of primary components after decontamination. Large-scale crud deposition on fuel surface resulted in cases NPP Loviisa, Paks and Novovoronezh after steam generators decontamination. After decontamination higher corrosion products release occurs followed by subsequent higher radiation fields. Actual in-pile loop tests carried at the Nuclear Research Institute (NRI) Rez are focused on the study of surface preconditioning - similar to HFT chemistry - after decontamination. Effects of the decontamination on deposition formation on primary circuit surfaces are investigated under steam generator operating conditions with the model device which contains heat exchanger tube. (orig.)

    4. Primary coolant technology in VVER/PWR units. Experience with preconditioning, decontamination and recontamination

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      For the latest Czech and Slovak stations commissioned (Temelin and Mochovce) a modified hot functional test (HFT) chemistry was developed in the NRI Rez. Chromium rich surface layer formed due to modified HTF chemistry ensures lower corrosion rates and radiation field formation. Long term operation experience from both nuclear power plants are discussed in this paper. Radiation field, occupational radiation exposure and corrosion layers evolution during the first 10 years of operation are compared and presented. The operation experience from all above mentioned units showed a low level of corrosion products in the primary system as well as low dose rates. Second part of the paper deals with radiation fields that exist in nuclear power plants primarily due to the deposition of radioisotopes on the surfaces of primary components after decontamination. Large-scale crud deposition on fuel surface resulted in cases NPP Loviisa, Paks and Novovoronezh after steam generators decontamination. After decontamination higher corrosion products release occurs followed by subsequent higher radiation fields. Actual in-pile loop tests carried at the Nuclear Research Institute (NRI) Rez are focused on the study of surface preconditioning - similar to HFT chemistry - after decontamination. Effects of the decontamination on deposition formation on primary circuit surfaces are investigated under steam generator operating conditions with the model device which contains heat exchanger tube. (orig.)

    5. Case law

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      This section reports on 7 case laws from 4 countries: - France: Conseil d'Etat decision, 28 June 2013, refusing to suspend operation of the Fessenheim nuclear power plant; - Slovak Republic: New developments including the Supreme Court's judgment in a matter involving Greenpeace Slovakia's claims regarding the Mochovce nuclear power plant; New developments in the matter involving Greenpeace's demands for information under the Freedom of Information Act; - Switzerland: Judgment of the Federal Supreme Court in the matter of the Departement federal de l'environnement, des transports, de l'energie et de la communication (DETEC) against Ursula Balmer-Schafroth and others on consideration of admissibility of a request to withdraw the operating licence for the Muehleberg nuclear power plant; - United States: Judgment of the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit granting petition for writ of mandamus ordering US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to resume Yucca Mountain licensing; Judgment of the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit invalidating two Vermont statutes as preempted by the Atomic Energy Act; Judgment of the NRC on transferring Shieldalloy site to New Jersey's jurisdiction

    6. Lifetime of automated control system of technological processes of nuclear power unit and its updating

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      For the analysis of their physical lifetime, components of automated technological process control systems at WWER nuclear power plants are divided into three categories, viz., irreparable equipment, equipment reparable during unit shutdown, and equipment reparable during the unit operation. Conditions for the innovation and upgrading of automated control systems at Czechoslovak WWER-440 nuclear power plants are discussed. Presumably, at the Bohunice V-2 and the Dukovany nuclear power plants the innovation of these systems will proceed in a manner similar to that applied at the Loviisa nuclear power plant in Finland. The decision concerning the global upgrading should be postponed until experience is gained with the new automated control system that will be installed at the first unit of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. The upgrading of the automated control systems at the two Bohunice V-1 power plant units poses specific problems, particularly with respect to the assessment of the true physical lifetime of the technological equipment and to the finding of the best approach to the upgrading. (Z.M.). 2 figs

    7. Radioactivity in the environment

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this report different aspects of the radioactivity in the environment of the Slovak Republic for the period of 2004 - 2006 years are reported. This report is published only on the Enviroportal.sk. The following aspects of the radioactivity in the environment are reviewed there: Electricity production in nuclear power plants and their consumption; Natural sources of ionisation radiation; Man-made sources of ionisation radiation; Safety of exploitation of the nuclear power plants on the territory of the Slovak Republic; International Nuclear Event Scale; Basic information about influence of radiation on health of population and about evaluation methods; Influence of physical risk factors (including of ionisation radiation) in the working environment on formation of occupation diseases; Collective doses of occupation in NPPs; Health state of population in the locality of the NPP Mochovce; Food contamination by ionisation radiation; Radiation monitoring network; Legislative directives about population health protection against ionisation radiation action; Decommissioning of the NPP Jaslovske Bohunice (EBO V-1); Conception of the back fuel cycle and treatment of spent fuels and high-level radioactive wastes; Project of territorial-economic development of the Trnava region after decommissioning of the Jaslovske Bohunice NPP

    8. Chapter No.6. Radioactive waste (RAW)

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      UJD SR supervises all phases of radioactive waste management at nuclear installations and final phases of institutional radioactive waste management. Total concentrates generation and minimisation trends during recent period (for NPP V1, NPP V2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce) as well as increasing of their conditioning are presented. So nearly 8000 m3 of concentrates were stored at the end of year 2001, representing 75.5% of storage capacity at Bohunice site. Total amount of solid waste stored at VVER NPPs reached 3500 m3 at December 2001. The solid waste storage capacity of NPP V1 Bohunice is spent. NPP A1 Bohunice with a heterogeneous reactor using natural uranium, moderated by heavy water and cooled by CO2 had been in operation for 4 years. It was finally shut down in February 1977 after an accident (INES level 4). Main activities in 2001 were focused on an increasing of radwaste management safety by the waste solidification or storage improvement, especially in the case of inorganic spent fuel coolant. The total solid radwaste inventory in 2001 (including filters) represents cca 700 m3 of soft and pre-pressed not sorted waste, 700 m3 of sorted waste, more then 1 000 t of scrap and next 260 m3 of scrap in drums. The total volume of contaminated soils and concrete is more than 7200 m3. The volume of solid radwaste depends on the extent of dismantling works and following treatment, conditioning and disposal. The total volume is also increased by products of bituminization and cementation facilities in drums stored before conditioning at NPP A1 Bohunice site. The facilities focused only on treatment of radwaste from NPP A1 decommissioning are operated by the same operator as a part of this decommissioned nuclear installation. Experimental and research treatment plants are operated by VUJE. A facility for the treatment and conditioning of operational liquid radwaste from NPP Mochovce is under preparation and a start of construction is foreseen in 2004. The nuclear

    9. Radwaste treatment

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this part creation of radioactive wastes in Bohunice V-1 and V-2 NPPs and in A-1 NPP during decommissioning process as well as its treatment is described. On January 1996, radioactive waste repository in Mochovce was transferred to the administration of the newly established subsidiary SE-VYZ. During 1996 the repository operator began implementation of requirements contained in the Resolution of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) of the beginning of 1995. Currently the works concentrate mainly on supplementary engineering and geological survey and preparation of a principal change in the drainage system, as well as vault roofing. NRA SR is involved in most of the negotiations on further proceeding, where it makes contributions by its opinions; through, that it controls to what extent the activity at the repository is in compliance with the Resolution of NRA SR as to the Preliminary safety report of the repository. Two inspections were made at the repository in the spring: the first concentrated on consequences of erosion movement of the outer slopes of the repository, the second one dealt with the overall inventory of activities following up the Resolution of NRA SR. As a result of a significant acceleration of work in the last thee months of 1966, NRA SR started to apply regular inspections at the site made at least once a week by the site inspector. The main purpose of these inspections is to supervise the quality of work being performed

    10. SVHR version 1.0 - A warning message system based on the RECON expert system

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The structure of the warning message system is outlined and the feasibility of its adaptation to user needs is discussed. The system can be operated on an AT 386 or AT 486 personal computer or on an HP 300 workstation. The version for PC's runs under DOS 5.00, the version for workstations, under operating system HP-UX 7.00. The system can be interfaced to various sources of measured data, which can be completed with calculated data, and the whole is entered into the RECON expert system. This system performs a knowledge-base analysis and according to the results, messages are generated and transmitted to the display module serving as the interactive computer-user unit. The knowledge bases are described for controlling the automated systems at the Mochovce NPP and for WWER-440 reactor shutdown. Basic information is presented concerning the principles, structure and performance of the RECON expert system, including guidelines for operating the various parts of the system. (J.B.). 8 figs

    11. Diagnostic and monitoring systems produced in Vuje, Okruzna 5, 918 64 Trnava, Slovak Republic

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Based on the 20 years experience in on-line vibration diagnostics of mechanical components in the primary circuit of nuclear power plant PWR WWER-440, Vuje, Okruzna 5, 918 64 Trnava produces its own diagnostic and monitoring systems since 1990. The variety of diagnostic systems includes: loose part monitoring system (LPMS), monitoring system of main circulating pumps (MCPMS), vibration monitoring system (LVMS), leakage monitoring system (LMS). The emphasis in the hardware solution is put on the design modularity and versatility so that many subcomponents (circuit boards) are common or highly similar for all systems. Using exclusively digital data for processing enhances the reliability of the measurements and allows the easy data transportation from one computer to another (e.g., for more sophisticated analysis). Trends in the software development follow the similar path as for the hardware solution - namely, the modularity and versatility of software is the imperative goal. The modern operating systems also incorporate the ability of network communication, which is crucial for the integration of stand-alone diagnostic systems into nuclear power plants information system. So far a number of systems have been successfully installed: 6 LPMSs (Jaslovske Bohunice, Dukovany), 4 MCPMs (Jaslovske Bohunice) and 2 LVMSs (Jaslovske Bohunice), all systems operate in PWR WWER-440 environment. Another diagnostic systems are under construction: 2 LPMSs (Temelin, PWR WWER-1000), 2 MCMSs (Mochovce - PWR WWER-440) and 2 LMSs (Jaslovske Bohunice). (author). 1 fig

    12. VUEZ. Annual report 2005

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2005 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) On the company; (3) Basic data; (4) Product portfolio and customer services; (5) Quality management system; (6) Human resources; (7) Economic data; (7) Adving, s.r.o.; (8) Basic data and company management; (9) Line of business; (10) Activities performed in the past year; (11) Economic data; (12) Contact persons and addresses. In 2005, a number of important events took place in VUEZ. On the home market, our main business partner was SE a.s. Company. The key works were performed at SE nuclear power plant sites in Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce. A considerable volume of works co-ordinated by our company was executed also for Vodohospodarska vystavba Bratislava at the Gabcikovo Dam. On the foreign market, VUEZ kept on carrying out ongoing projects of preparation for the Jaslovske Bohunice V1 NPP decommissioning in co-operation with a consortium of foreign companies. In the field of experimental research, another project was launched in co-operation with IRSN Paris. As to leak tightness improvement of hermetic compartments and integrated leakage rate tests in nuclear power plants, works were continued in foreign plants such as the Dukovany NPP, Czech Republic, and the Paks NPP, Hungary

    13. Hydrological balancing as applied to shallow ground disposal of radioactive wastes

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Shallow ground repositories are suitable disposal means for low and intermediate level radioactive wastes which offer an adequate form of containment of relatively short-lived radionuclides. The majority of safety related problems are connected with occurrence of water at the site. These problems include water accumulation in the disposal modules, high water table, hydrogeological complexity, water erosion, etc. In this context a simple technique is proposed for water balancing in the region of interest which would be relatively inexpensive and could supply large amounts of pertinent information. In the paper several balancing techniques based on water and/or energy balance methods are discussed. The results of a static evaluation of long term water balance averages are presented for the regions of planned shallow ground repositories near Dukovany and Mochovce in the CSSR. Hydrological processes and elements taking part in different hydrological cycles are treated from the dynamical point of view. The calculation methods for application of the kinematic approach are briefly touched. The results may be acquired at relatively low costs

    14. Rapid nuclear reaction

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Whereas the completion of blocks 3 and 4 in Mochovce were subject to some discussion, the building of a new unit at Jaslovske Bohunice has remained unnoticed. Not even environmentalists objected. And so far the plans to build a new power plant seem to have been approved without any major discussion about whether Slovakia really needs or does not need a new nuclear power unit. Political statements about a possible future shortage of electricity were enough. The plans of private companies to build their own power plants or the possibility of decreasing the use of energy by savings were disregarded. But a clear answer to the question whether this new power unit will generate electricity for export to other countries has not yet been given. But by the end of this year the government wants to decide whether the new power plant which will cost an estimated 100 billion Slovak crowns (3.3 billions EUR) will be built from public funds in tandem with a private investor or fully financed by private capital. The name of the private investor should become known by the end of this year. (authors)

    15. Diagnostic systems developed in NPPRI (VUJE) Trnava Inc. for NPPs

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Since foundation of Nuclear Power Plant Research Institute (NPPRI) in 1977, the department of diagnostics has been dealt with problems related to the theoretical, practical and organizatory questions of operational diagnostics connected with PWR type nuclear components. This department acts directly in locality of NPP Jaslovske Bohunice, but there are performances for all NPP in Slovak or Czech Republic (Dukovany, Mochovce, and Temelin). Besides direct services and achievements for NPP there exist advisory, experts and research activities for the government and supervising authorities, too. In 1985, NPPRI began systematically construct and verify technical means for operational diagnostics of main circulating pumps (MCP) with good results, based on own rich practical experiences and contacts with organisations abroad. In recent years NPPRI as one of recognised qualified and authorised institutions in Slovak Republic has begun to develop a new generation of diagnostic systems for NPP on high technical level but with lower procuring costs in comparison with western countries products. This contribution deals with four following types of diagnostic systems which were not only developed but also delivered and installed on Slovak and Czech nuclear units: - Loose part monitoring system (LPMS), - Humidity monitoring system (HUMON), - Reactor coolant pumps monitoring system (RCPMS), - Primary circuit vibration monitoring system (VMS). Main features of new generation from middle of 1990's of these systems are described in this paper and operational experiences with them too. (author)

    16. VVER operational experience - effect of preconditioning and primary water chemistry on radioactivity build-up

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The primary coolant technology approaches currently used in VVER units are reviewed and compared with those used in PWR units. Standard and modified water chemistries differing in boron-potassium control are discussed. Preparation of the VVER Primary Water Chemistry Guidelines in the Czech Republic is noted. Operational experience of some VVER units, operated in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, in the field of the primary water chemistry, and radioactivity transport and build-up are presented. In Mochovce and Temelin units, a surface preconditioning (passivation) procedure has been applied during hot functional tests. The main principles of the controlled primary water chemistry applied during the hot functional tests are reviewed and importance of the water chemistry, technological and other relevant parameters is stressed regarding to the quality of the passive layer formed on the primary system surfaces. The first operational experience obtained in the course of beginning of these units operation is presented mainly with respect to the corrosion products coolant and surface activities. Effect of the initial passivation performed during hot functional tests and the primary water chemistry on corrosion products radioactivity level and radiation situation is discussed. (author)

    17. Safety analyses of the electrical systems on VVER NPP

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Energoprojekt Praha has been the main entity responsible for the section on 'Electrical Systems' in the safety reports of the Temelin, Dukovany and Mochovce nuclear power plants. The section comprises 2 main chapters, viz. Offsite Power System (issues of electrical energy production in main generators and the link to the offsite transmission grid) and Onsite Power Systems (AC and DC auxiliary system, both normal and safety related). In the chapter on the off-site system, attention is paid to the analysis of transmission capacity of the 400 kV lines, analysis of transient stability, multiple fault analyses, and probabilistic analyses of the grid and NPP power system reliability. In the chapter on the on-site system, attention is paid to the power balances of the electrical sources and switchboards set for various operational and accident modes, checks of loading and function of service and backup sources, short circuit current calculations, analyses of electrical protections, and analyses of the function and sizing of emergency sources (DG sets and UPS systems). (P.A.)

    18. Geological aspects of radioactive waste disposal

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Geological formations suitable for burying various types of radioactive wastes are characterized applying criteria for the evaluation and selection of geological formations for building disposal sites for radioactive wastes issued in IAEA technical recommendations. They are surface disposal sites, disposal sites in medium depths and deep disposal sites. Attention is focused on geological formations usable for injecting self-hardening mixtures into cracks prepared by hydraulic decomposition and for injecting liquid radioactive wastes into permeable rocks. Briefly outlined are current trends of the disposal of radioactive wastes in Czechoslovakia and the possibilities are assessed from the geological point of view of building disposal sites for radioactive wastes on the sites of Czechoslovak nuclear power plants at Jaslovske Bohunice, Mochovce, Dukovany, Temelin, Holice (eastern Bohemia), Blahoutovice (northern Moravia) and Zehna (eastern Slovakia). It is stated that in order to design an optimal method of the burial of radioactive waste it will be necessary to improve knowledge of geological conditions in the potential disposal sites at the said nuclear plants. There is usually no detailed knowledge of geological and hydrological conditions at greater depths than 100 m. (Z.M.)

    19. Role of VVER-type reactors in large-scale nuclear power of the XXI century

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Light water reactors (LWR) make over 85% of the world nuclear park and are presently constructed in 12 countries. One of the generally recognized LWR development directions is represented by VVER reactor concept, created and developed in the former Soviet Union. For over 35 years the VVER existence (with gross capacities ranging from 70 to 100 MWe), 58 power units have been built, and 49 are still in operation (13 in Russia and Ukraine each, 6 - in Bulgaria and Slovakia each, 4 - in Hungary and Czech Republic each, 2 - in Finland and 1 - in Armenia). The oldest of operating VVERs -unit 3 of Novovoronezh NPP in Russia - was connected to grid in 1971; the last - Mochovce-2 in Slovakia - was launched in 1999. Geography of VVER reactors is developing quite dynamically. For the first time this reactor type is being built in the countries of Asia: China and Iran, as well as in Cuba. Construction of the first VVER in India is also expected. (author)

    20. Bohunice NPPs - Part of the Slovak's economy (sustainable) development

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Of the total consumption of electricity in Slovakia, 42% was generated in nuclear power plant units in 1999. Slovakia operates 6 units with a WWER 440 nuclear reactors, 4 of them are at Bohunice site and 2 at Mochovce. The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of SR is not the only regulatory body controlling nuclear activity. Both - the system of nuclear activities regulation in Slovakia as well as the approach to Nuclear Safety enhancement of the operator were positively judged by IAEA and WENRA. In 1993 -Slovakia has accepted the commitments of the UN Convention on Climate Changes, including a reduction of greenhouse gases to 1990 levels by the year 2000. Moreover, as an internal target Slovakia has set the reaching of the ,'Toronto Objective', i.e. 20% reduction in COx emissions through the year 2005 as compared to 1988. Taking into account the actual situation as well as natural conditions for some renewable sources utilisation, the target won't be reached without nuclear energy. The nuclear energy is free of emissions, does not burn oxygen, and with the share of production in Slovakia will remain significant contributor. To the environment protection it contributes also by replacing fossil heat plants with heat delivery for the region. In case of radiological wastes the environment protection is ensured by very strict system of control, evidence, treatment and repository. To conclude, Bohunice NPPs were, are and will remain very important part of the Slovak's economy, creating conditions for its (sustainable) development

    1. Experiences with electronic personal dosimeters at Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant-Czech Republic

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant operates four WWER-440 type reactors. Unit 1 has been operating since 1985, Unit 2 and Unit 3 since 1986, Unit 4 was connected to the grid in 1987. At Dukovany NPP occupational dosimetry is performed by approved Personal Dosimetry Service. The basic facilities for measuring external exposure are film badge (legal dosimeter), electronic personal dosimeter (EPD) and radio-photoluminescent dosimeter (RPL) as operational dosimeter, TLD for measuring doses to the extremities and TLD albedo dosimeter as neutron dosimeter. The presentation is based on the experiences with electronic personal dosimeters gathered at Dukovany NPP for the last three years. Electronic Personal Dosimetry System (EPDS) was developing by Czech company VF, a.s. and from 2002 year is also used at Temelin NPP (Czech Republic), SE VYZ Bohunice (Slovakia) and SE Mochovce NPP (Slovakia) as well. EPDS is designed for Merlin Gerin, Siemens and RADOS electronic dosimeters. Application SW for data analysis is used for daily monitoring of personal doses and for evaluation of collective doses during outages. System gives information about collective doses on devices and collective doses for select work tasks during outages. In addition EPDS allows the calculation of dose indexes ID. (ID is the ratio of the relevant collective dose and the number of equivalent working hours). This information is applicable for planning doses on special working activities for next outages and allows a detection radiation sources also

    2. Thirty years of Czechoslovak nuclear power

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Nuclear power in the CSSR in its 30 years old history has occupied an important position in the current power base of the country. In 1987, the nuclear power plant share of the total installed capacity was roughly 16% and their share of the total electricity production was 24.3%. By the year 2000, the installed capacity of nuclear power plants should reach a minimum of 10,000 MW and it is envisaged that this value might be exceeded by another 1,000 MW. In addition to the completion of the Mochovce and Temelin nuclear power plants currently under construction, this would require putting into operation two more WWER-1000 units in other localities. It has been decided that new nuclear power plants will be sited at Kecerovce in Eastern Slovakia and at Blahutovice in Northern Moravia. The preparation has considerably progressed of sites for other nuclear power plants. With the envisaged rate of nuclear power plant construction, the production of nuclear electric power should inscrease to 15 TWh in 1990, 41 TWh in 1995 and 58 TWh in the year 2000. Thus, nuclear power plant share of the total electricity production would be more than 50% in the year 2000 and the plant would cover about 16 to 17% of needs of primary power resources. (Z.M.). 3 tabs., 4 refs

    3. National programme, legal framework and experience with the management of radioactive waste in the Slovak Republic

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The system of radioactive waste management in the Slovak Republic is described. This system follows the policy set out by the former Czechoslovak Atomic Energy Commission. Radioactive waste produced in nuclear power plants and stored on the plant sites will be solidified and packed in fibre-concrete containers, and in this form it will be disposed of in a near surface repository. Such near surface radioactive waste repository located close to the Mochovce site is in the phase of commissioning. The radioactive waste that will not comply with the acceptance criteria for near surface disposal, will be stored on the plant sites and will be disposed of in a geological repository to be constructed. The amounts and characteristics of the most important types of radioactive waste generated in nuclear power plants, as well as in industry, medicine and research are given. The technologies for processing this radioactive waste are outlined. In the second part of the paper, the activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD SR) which is the central government authority in the area of nuclear regulations, are presented for the field of radioactive waste management. The fundamental legal documents dealing with radioactive waste management are described briefly. (author). Tabs

    4. Information about influence of the Bohunice V2 NPP on the environment, January 2008

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Vah River as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V2 NPP are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January 2008 were: 0.19 MBq of aerosoles, 0.025 MBq of iodine-131, and 382 GBq of rare gases. For the period January 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 0.190 MBq (0.0002% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.025 MBq (0.00004 MBq of AL) of iodine-131, and 382 GBq (0.519% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River within January 2008 were: 0.06 GBq of tritium, and 0.63 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represented 0.06 GBq (0.0003% of AL) of tritium; 0.63 MBq (0.005% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in January 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

    5. Information about influence of the Bohunice V2 NPP on the environment, May 2008

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Vah River as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V2 NPP are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within May 2008 were: 0.29 MBq of aerosoles, 0.042 MBq of iodine-131, and 367 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - May 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 1.10 MBq (0.0014% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.159 MBq (0.00024% MBq of AL) of iodine-131, and 1.930 TBq (0.519% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River within May 2008 were: 150.68 GBq of tritium, and 0.38 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - May 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represented 855.43 GBq (4.2772% of AL) of tritium; 2.92 MBq (0.0226% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in May 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

    6. Information about influence of the Bohunice V2 NPP on the environment, February 2008

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Vah River as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V2 NPP are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within February 2008 were: 0.19 MBq of aerosoles, 0.025 MBq of iodine-131, and 344 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - February 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 0.37 MBq (0.0005% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.050 MBq (0.00008% MBq of AL) of iodine-131, and 725 GBq (0.036% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River within February 2008 were: 100.01 GBq of tritium, and 0.61 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - February 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represented 110.07 GBq (0.5504% of AL) of tritium; 1.24 MBq (0.010% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in February 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

    7. RODOS System in the Slovak Republic - its Implementation and Adaptation

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      With support of the European Commission's (EC) ECHO programme 'Implementation of the RODOS Decision Support System for Off-Site Emergency Preparation and response in the Emergency centres in Poland and the Slovak Republic', RODOS system version 3.13 was implemented in the Slovak Republic with main objective to accelerate the implementation of the system within national emergency preparedness arrangements. Within the ECHO project, the National Centre of RODOS was established at the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR). VUJE was established as technical support organization and interactive user. As a data supplier and passive user were established the Slovak Centre for Radiation Monitoring, Slovak Hydro-Meteorological Institute (SHMI), Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce NPP's. As RODOS could become a standard tool for emergency preparedness in the European Union and CEE region lessons learned within projects mentioned in the paper were valuable contribution to other similar international and national projects. Effective working arrangements and links have been established between some institutes having competence in various aspects of emergency preparedness and response in about 20 European countries, with Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe as main responsible institute for system development and DSSNET project co-ordination. This network contributes to the more cost-effective use of resources for the further improvement of decision support for nuclear emergencies. More importantly, it will enhance trust and confidence between people, which is essential for responding effectively and coherently to any future nuclear accident that may have implications on a European scale. (authors)

    8. High energy pipe break analysis for a Main Steam Line of a WWER NPP

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      Zaccari, N., E-mail: nicola.zaccari@enel.com; Caria, S., E-mail: sara.caria@enel.com; Rubeo, G., E-mail: giampiero.rubeo@enel.com

      2014-01-15

      Highlights: • Detailed methodological approach on the High Energy Pipe Break (HEPB) analysis for NPP. • HEPB level 3 analysis on the Main Steam Line of MO3 NPP was provided. • Reducing the construction or modification cost on the NPP due to a less conservative approach as a level 1 or 2 analysis. • Innovative LBB approach to treat the through-wall crack on the piping system. -- Abstract: The aim of this study is to show the application of the High Energy Pipe Break (HEPB) methodology to a level 3 analysis, applied to the study of the Main Steam Line (MSL) of a Mochovce (MO) NPP. The analysis highlighted the significant advantage, as compared to a standard level 1 analysis, in the minimization of extra supports and restraints. In the first part of the paper an introduction on the NUREG Standard Review Plan (STRP) and on the ANSI/ANS 58.2 used as a reference in this kind of analysis is provided. In the second part a description of the analyses (coupled mechanical and fluido-dynamic) used to analyze the HEPB is described. Finally an original approach developed at ENEL is presented for an improved evaluation of the leakage cracking by following a non standard procedure related to the LBB approach, coupled with the above-mentioned HEPB.

    9. Analysis of reactive stress in concrete reinforcement of reinforced concrete blocks joined with pressed joints

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The possible replacement was considered of welded joints on concrete reinforcements in rigid structures by pressed sleeve joints. The effects on inner stress of joint reinforced concrete blocks were compared. A laboratory test was performed aimed at establishing the size and the course of stress induced in the models of reinforced concrete block structures by the sleeve joints of the individual reinforcements. Static calculations were carried out of stress and deformation of the spatial rod structure consisting of two extreme models of reinforced concrete blocks, loaded with longitudinal rod deformation in pressed sleeve joint points. The magnetoelastic method was used in testing stress in the reinforcement. Models are described for the laboratory tests and the measured and the calculated values are listed of reactive stress in the rods. The measurements and the calculations showed that the method of anchoring the reinforcement in the reinforced concrete structure significantly affects the magnitude of stress. It was shown that the welded joint with an experimentally observed free shrinkage of about 0.8 mm exerted a similar effect on the stress of the reinforcement like the pressed joint. Pressed joint sleeves can be used in the design of reinforced concrete blocks for the Mochovce nuclear power plant. (J.B.). 9 figs., 3 tabs., 4 refs

    10. Russians are attacking

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Even though Slovakia and Russia have a lively political and business relationship, the big investors from the biggest country have yet to come here. The European headquarters of influential Russian firms and banks have already moved to Vienna, Budapest and Prague. Influential Russian groups linked to state business are mostly in Switzerland. Despite political declarations, there hasn't been, besides the completion of Mochovce, any attractive business for Russian investors. But more and more frequent visits from high Russian officials prove that the situation can change. Semi-governmental firms closely connected to the highest levels of the Moscow establishment are starting to show interest in Slovakia. Gazprom is examining the opportunity of constructing vast gas reservoirs near Sered. The state company TVEL is openly discussing Slovakia as a place for the building of a factory for nuclear fuel production. And Russian Railways keeps insisting on the nonsensical project of broad-gauged rail lines leading to the center of Europe. And despite the low oil prices, the petrol giant Lukoil would like to strengthen its position in the west. (authors)

    11. Chapter No.4. Safety analyses

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In 2001 the activity in the field of safety analyses was focused on verification of the safety analyses reports for NPP V-2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce concerning the new profiled fuel and probabilistic safety assessment study for NPP Mochovce. The calculation safety analyses were performed and expert reviews for the internal UJD needs were elaborated. An important part of work was performed also in solving of scientific and technical tasks appointed within bilateral projects of co-operation between UJD and its international partnership organisations as well as within international projects ordered and financed by the European Commission. All these activities served as an independent support for UJD in its deterministic and probabilistic safety assessment of nuclear installations. A special attention was paid to a review of probabilistic safety assessment study of level 1 for NPP Mochovce. The probabilistic safety analysis of NPP related to the full power operation was elaborated in the study and a contribution of the technical and operational improvements to the risk decreasing was quantified. A core damage frequency of the reactor was calculated and the dominant initiating events and accident sequences with the major contribution to the risk were determined. The target of the review was to determine the acceptance of the sources of input information, assumptions, models, data, analyses and obtained results, so that the probabilistic model could give a real picture of the NPP. The review of the study was performed in co-operation of UJD with the IAEA (IPSART mission) as well as with other external organisations, which were not involved in the elaboration of the reviewed document and probabilistic model of NPP. The review was made in accordance with the IAEA guidelines and methodical documents of UJD and US NRC. In the field of calculation safety analyses the UJD activity was focused on the analysis of an operational event, analyses of the selected accident scenarios

    12. Specification of technical means for implementation of supervisory algorithms of the status of a nuclear reactor and of the main coolant pump of a NPP

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Inclusion into the programming of inputs of the supervisory algorithm (data collection from the monitoring system, transmission of diagnostic output fro other system and transmission of technological data), of the supervisory process proper based on the data obtained (data analysis) and of the output (presentation of the results to the operator, communication with the master and archiving systems, etc.) requires knowledge of the format of the data transmitted, their availability, communication network protocols, operating system, etc. Hence, the environment for which the algorithm will be developed should be specified, roughly at least. The following topics are addressed: Description of technical means of Czech nuclear power plants (Dukovany, Temelin, Mochovce), and Proposal for technical means to implement the monitoring algorithm (Requirements related to the monitoring systems, Identification of the reference system, Parameters of the selected system). Since no domestic manufacturer of HW for monitoring and diagnostic systems exists, a novel system of the Brueel and Kjaer company for on-line diagnosis and monitoring, COMPASS, was selected as a model model system for the implementation of the supervisory algorithms. (P.A.)

    13. Activities of Nuclear Regulatory Authority and safety of nuclear facilities in the Slovak Republic in 1993

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      A brief account of activities carried out by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) in 1993 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introduction; (2) Regulatory activities at nuclear power plants units in operation; (2.1) Nuclear power plant SEP-EBO V-1; (4) Selected operation events and safety assessment in NPP SEP-EBO V-1; (2.2) Safety assessment of NPP SEP-EBO V-2; (3) Results of regulatory activities at the decommissioning of NPP A-1; (4) Regulatory activities at units under construction SEP-EMO - NPP Mochovce; (5) Further regulatory activities. (5.1) Preparation of designated personnel; (5.2) Inspection and accountancy of nuclear material; (5.3) Security provisions; (5.4) Accounted items and double use items; (5.5) Problem of radioactive wastes; (6.1) International co-operation activities of NRA; (6.2) Emergency planning; (6.3) International activities for quality enhancement of national supervision; (7) Conclusion

    14. New VLA Images Unlocking Galactic Mysteries

      Science.gov (United States)

      2008-01-01

      start the process of star formation. "Using the data from THINGS in combination with observations from NASA's space telescopes has allowed us to investigate how the processes leading to star formation differ in big spiral galaxies like our own and much smaller, dwarf galaxies," said Adam Leroy and Frank Bigiel of the Max-Planck Insitute for Astronomy at the Austin AAS meeting. Because atomic hydrogen emits radio waves at a specific frequency, astronomers can measure motions of the gas by noting the Doppler shift in frequency caused by those motions. "Because the THINGS images are highly detailed, we have been able to measure both the rotational motion of the galaxies and non-circular random motions within the galaxies," noted Erwin de Blok of the University of Cape Town, South Africa. Galaxy Dynamics in THINGS The motion measurements are providing new information about the mysterious, unseen "dark matter" in the galaxies. "The non-circular motions revealed by the THINGS observations, turn out to be too small to solve a long-standing problem in cosmology, namely the inability of state-of-the-art computer simulations to describe the distribution of dark matter in disk galaxies. It was thought that random motions could explain that inability, but our data show otherwise," de Blok explained. The THINGS images revealed what Elias Brinks of the University of Hertfordshire, UK, called a "stunning complexity of structures in the tenuous interstellar medium of the galaxies." These structures include large shells and "bubbles," presumably caused by multiple supernova explosions of massive stars. Analyzing the detail of these complex structures will help astronomers better understand the differences in star formation processes in the varied types of galaxies. Even such a simple question such as how big are the disks of gas in spiral galaxies had largely eluded astronomers previously. "The quality and sensitivity of the THINGS images has allowed us to see the actual edges of these

    15. Not the state but the new owner will have to sort out the contracts

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Privatisation of Paroplynovy cyklus (PPC), a.s., Bratislava is a bit paradox. Should the winner of the tender for 90-percent of PPC shares succeed and obtain the remaining 10 percent of the shares from Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava it will be managing a heat and electricity producer with a low level of business risk and high efficiency. PPC has long-term delivery contracts signed until 2013. But state-owned business partners of PPC - Slovenske elektrarne (SE) and Bratislavska teplaren (BAT) raised protest against these contracts. And so the privatisation agency FNM decided rather to sell the PPC to a private investor that should then try and settle the problems with these state-owned companies. Fund of National Property (FNM) refused to publish the prices other participants of the tender offered for PPC. The only price known is the winning offer worth 2 bn Sk (49,29 mn Eur) offered by PPC Holding, a.s., Trencin from Penta group. The highest price was offered by energy concern E.on. Director of Section for Establishment and Execution of Shareholders Rights at FNM, Anna Bubenikova informed that the price represented only 65 percent of all criteria taken into account in the tender. 10 percent were represented by business plan and the remaining 25 percent consisted of security, simplicity and the benefits the draft contract offered. Apart from the threat that SE may withdraw from the contract and the uncertainties regarding the control over PPC another risk to be faced by tender participants was a suit with BAT. The Cabinet has not managed to settle the dispute. On a question why the Fund decided to tender a company threatened by a lawsuit with one of its customers A. Bubenikova answered that the problem had already been present at the time the 90-percent stake was transferred to FNM. If the Fund waited for the suit to settle, the sale could be postponed by several years and A. Bubenikova doubts whether this approach would have been more beneficial. She also

    16. Early closure of Bohunice V1 contested

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The early closure of the Bohunice V1 nuclear power plant following a time schedule that the Slovak government agreed with the EU three years ago is a political obligation of the government. The only objections to this plan so far have been related to the weakening of the generation base and economy of Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s. Neither the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic, nor the International Atomic Energy Agency, nor foreign experts preparing the closure of V1 in Jaslovske Bohunice have raised objections relating to increased security risks. Since he took up office last summer, the Minister of Economy Pavol Rusko has not hidden his personal interest in revising the agreement and extending the operation of the nuclear power plant. The fact that closing the power plant would have a negative impact on Slovakia's economy is not an argument good enough to persuade the original EU members. A proven security risk would be a better argument, especially as the operation of the V1 plant would not be extended literally - rather one of the reactors would work two years longer. Risk increased by 100%, a risk close to the level of acceptability in the EU - that is how in October he described the risks related to closure of V1 units according to the agreed time schedule, i.e. the first unit to be shut down by December 31, 2006 at the latest and the second unit by December 2008. The Minister based his opinion on a study prepared by the engineering and consulting company - Relko that assessed the risks V1 would represent after the first unit has been shut down. 'The only solution is to shut down both units at the same time', he concluded and in a comment addressed to the EU he added: 'If the EU has sincere intentions towards Slovakia, respects its security and does not wish it economic problems it will accept this'. (author)

    17. Regulation of electricity prices?

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this paper author deals with the regulation of electricity prices in the Slovak Republic. Author contests the social policy of the government through doped prices of electricity. Two thirds of electricity is generated in nuclear power plants in Slovakia. Hence, it is necessary to focus on the solution of problem of nuclear waste. In 2004 Ministry of Economy stated, that the deficit in nuclear fund, from which the country have to fully cover the costs of liquidation and final disposal of nuclear waste, is estimated in the amount of around 89 billion Slovak crowns (≅ 3.7 billion $). From it, so called historical deficit, which originated because of late foundation of fund, represents officially 15 billion Slovak crowns (≅ 0.62 billion $). In Slovakia exists the real risk, that by maintenance of present state by creation and draw of the fund, it will be possible to ensure only 39 per cent of financial sources necessary for full financial handling of the back part of nuclear energetic. Even though the Ministry of Economy in connection with privatisation of Slovenske elektrarne designed to decrease the transfers of operators of nuclear power plants into nuclear fund. In 2006 the Parliament decreased by the law the level of gains of the fund from sale of nuclear electricity (the second from two components of the gains of the fund) from 6.8 to 5.95 per cent from annual revenues. So the tax of forced reduction of the price of nuclear electricity will be represented by loading of the further generations

    18. Financial groups charmed by energy sector

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The Slovak power industry is no longer the domain of big state-controlled and international companies. Local financial groups that grew up on equity deals, revitalisation of industry, real estate and receivables business have developed an interest in the field as well. They are contemplating the possibility of investing a part of their gains into energy sources. They can see the gap that the closure of the V1 power plant in Jaslovske Bohunice will create in Slovakian's power capacity. Although the new owner of Slovenske elektrarne, Italian Enel, will attend to filling the gap, local market players also sense an opportunity. Apart from the closure of V1 there is also rising energy demand driven by growing industry and growing energy prices. What is more, the state supports renewable energy sources like wind and biomass though subsidies, tax allowances or higher purchase prices. According to standard economic formulas at least, increased competition should exert pressure on prices. However, renewable energy sources are more expensive then traditional ones and new gas or coal driven power plants will certainly not push prices down. The electricity produced by power plants in Jaslovske Bohunice, which is to be closed, is the cheapest we have. So nobody dares to predict with 100-percent certainty what energy prices will look like in two years. Investment director of private equity group Penta, Vladimir Brodnan, says that new investors are not entering the energy business because of guaranteed profit. Utility regulator URSO only sets fixed prices for distribution companies but, on the other hand, the draft amendment to the regulation act indicates that the government would like to change this status. In future the powers of the regulator should also cover the prices of electricity as a commodity. In addition, the possibility of the regulator being able to interfere with the liberalised market concerns investors. (authors)

    19. The last season of cheap electricity

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The former 'Mr. SuperCEZ', as the Czech media often used to call Jaroslav Mil, claims he is not a nuclear fundamentalist. But in his opinion without the use of nuclear energy, Europe must expect an increase in the electricity price. The experience of the former director of CEZ caught the attention of the Italian directors of Enel and so he is now a member of the Board of Directors of Slovenske elektrarne. He criticises EU measures that do not offer a solution for either the energy sector or environment protection but make investments in the replacement of decommissioned European power stations uncertain. He says he is not an uncritical advocate of nuclear power, but in his opinion we do not have much choice. Energy consumption is growing fast and resources are being depleted. And if Europe does not want to become dependent on Russia there is no other option. Unless we want Putin's vision to come true: coal and nuclear resources will be kept by Russia for internal use and gas is for export. In the opinion of J. Mil, politicians are often populists and are only doing their jobs. They think in terms of 4-year election periods and then only in the better cases. He recalls that in 2000 politicians seriously considered the possibility of closing down the Temelin nuclear power station in the Czech Republic. As long as there is electricity in the sockets and the bulbs are glowing there is no crisis. The crisis will come when there is no electricity. He stresses that there will always be electricity but for a different price. He mentioned emission permits as an example of the attitude politicians have. This is a useless measure that only supports big business available to a narrow circle which does not help the environment at all. The Kyoto protocol without China, Brazil, India and the USA is a nightmare and does not solve anything in his opinion. (authors)

    20. Banks offer SE more than it asked for

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      About a year ago, when new management took over the financial department of Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s. the company was in crisis. It faced an acute cash-flow deficit and due loans of over 20 bill. Sk (501.21 mil. Eur). SE could not provide adequate guarantees for the required loans and without state guarantees it was virtually impossible or too expensive to obtain additional loans. But last week the situation changed for the better. Despite the fact that due to the restructuring of SE's loan portfolio, the company will pay the banks 3 bill. Sk (75.18 mil. Eur) less interest over the next three years than under the original arrangements, even the bakers seemed satisfied. A loan portfolio full of non-standard agreements signed with about 30 banks had previously prevented decisions regarding the structure of the company's assets and liabilities.The cabinet refused to admit that SE was in crisis and offered SE for sale, although it could not be privatised due to its debt structure and the fact that it was close to default. Despite this unfavourable situation, company economists decided to make an offensive move -in cooperation with a small group of banks they converted the tens of company loan agreements into a new loan package that will be simpler, cheaper, and with longer maturity periods, which will not require state guarantees. SE managed to restructure debts with a total value of 550 mil. Eur and until these transactions are completed the banks offered SE a bridge loan of 110 mil. Eur. The transaction related to a syndicated loan of 350 mil. Eur which was concluded in April. Eurobonds with a total value of 200 mil. Eur were issued two months later. The banks offered the company more than it requested. Demand for the Eurobond issue exceeded the 200 mil. Eur of bonds on offer. (author)

    1. Slovak Electric, Plc., 1998

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, Plc., abbrevation 'SE, a.s.') is the Slovak electricity generating utility, incorporated on November 1, 1994 as one of new companies formed from substantially all of the assets and a legal successor of Slovensky energeticky podnik, s.p., founded on January 1, 1969 in the form of SEP group. From its predecessor, Slovak Electric, Plc., took over generation of power, operation of 220 kV and 400 kV power system, transit, import, export, and sale of electricity. It is also involved in generation, distribution, and sale of heat. At present, SE's share of electriciry sales in the Slovak Republic is 88.47%. Electricity is delivered to three regional distribution companies and directly to several major industrial enterprises. SE, a.s. operates one nuclear power station, three thermal power plants, and 30 hydro power plants. The second nuclear power plant is under construction (state up tu June 1997) and SE is participating in the construction of two hydro power plants and one combined cycle power plant. The efforts of SE, s.a. focus on the generation of power and heat with minimal environmental impacts. Ecology is given priority in the SE, a.s. development programmes. SE's mission is to permanently satisfy customers' needs, for an acceptable price and with minimal environmental impact. On this CD ROM next chapters are presented: (1) The structure of the Company; (2) Production units; (3) The economic power of the Company; (4) The operation culture; (5) The strategic plans of the Company

    2. Bio gas becomes a business

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      At first glance, energy produced from biogas is not the most refined of businesses. But it is a developing business. In North America and in Western Europe, farmers have already built hundreds of biogas facilities that use biogas from rotting maize silage; old grain; or pig, cow and chicken dung to produce electricity and heat. Most Slovak farmers have never got further then discussing these possibilities. There are only five such facilities in Slovakia. All of them have a fairly small output of a maximum of a few tens or hundreds of kilowatts. But what improves the image of this badly smelling business is the aim of developed countries to replace oil, coal and gas imports with renewable energy sources. And they are doing so in spite of the fact that the electricity produced from biogas is several times more expensive than energy produced from coal or nuclear fuel. The European Union and consequently Slovakia has decided that consumers have to accept these higher prices and so help these new energy sources to develop. Slovenske elektrarne with its nuclear, thermal and hydro-electric power plants will continue to sell electric power for about 1700 Slovak crowns (Sk) (50,60 EUR) per megawatt hour this year. The Office for Regulation of Network Industries has permitted biogas facility operators to sell their electricity to distributors for 4200 Sk (125 EUR) per megawatt hour from the beginning of this year. That is about twice as much as last year. This is intended as a clear signal to potential investors to invest and launch production. (authors)

    3. Public relations

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) laid the foundation of a policy of keeping the public informed about the activities and the safety of nuclear installations in the SR already in its origins by opening the NRA Information Centre. The NRA SR issues the Bulletin on NRA SR for domestic and foreign use, the bilingual Annual report on NRA activities for domestic and foreign public - detailed report for the specialists and a version for the Slovak Republic state authorities. On the occasion of the anniversary of the IAEA a special publication on the IAEA was prepared. Forty-nine contributions on NRA national and foreign activities were trans-missed to the Press Agency of the SR (TASR) over the course of 1997. In the journal Safety of Nuclear Energy the column 'Information' periodically carries the briefs on NRA activities. Four essential articles on NRA mission and responsibility in the are of peaceful uses of atomic energy were published in the Newsletter of the Slovak Information Agency (SIA). Contributions on NRA activities and international co-operation are periodically put out in the 'Slovenske elektrarne' Newsletter, the Slovak Nuclear Society Bulletin. Report on the Safety of NPPs in the Slovak Republic is annually published in the Journal European Nuclear Society - Nuclear Europe Worldscan. Some articles on NRA activities were published in the world information agency NucNet. The NRA issued in 1997 four editions of the internal Bulletin on the NRA's national and foreign activities and personnel. Three press conferences were held and six events were arranged in radio broadcasting in 1997

    4. Slovak companies not pleased by compromise with Brussels

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The sale and purchase of carbon dioxide emissions used to be a topic only of interest to environmentalists - until it started to be about money. Industrial associations in Western Europe started fighting for higher quotas earlier than in Slovakia. Initially, Slovak companies were satisfied with the quotas proposed as these did not force them to decrease production, or invest extensively in more environmentally friendly production, or purchase emission permits for exceeding the quotas set. Everything changed after the European Commission approved the Slovak plan in autumn last year. This set a limit 14% lower than the original proposal. The largest Slovak producer of carbon dioxide - U.S.Steel Kosice - challenged the new quotas directly at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. But other producers also object. 'The decrease is an unfortunate and strategically bad move for Slovakia,' said the Head of the Environmental Department at Slovenske elektrarne (Slovak Electric), Branislav Mihaly. And added that the Ministry of Environment was fully responsible for this situation. 'Including the political responsibility of Minister Laszlo Miklos,' he added. Given a quota reduction of 14%, he considers it very likely that Slovak Electric will follow the example of the Kosice steel works. The state must allocate the new quotas before the end of February. The Ministry announced that for large sources, it would seek solutions by individual negotiations. For smaller sources there would be a flat rate decrease. In theory, if companies were to take full advantage of the original quotas, the new allocation plan would cost them 40 to 50 mil. EUR (1.6 -2 bill. Slovak crowns). TREND based its calculation on the current market price of emissions - 8-10 EUR/ton of carbon dioxide

    5. Information letter 2. Information about operation of plants SE-NPP Bohunice and SE-VYZ during February 2005

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this leaflet results of exploitation of four units of the Bohunice V-1 and V-2 NPPs are presented. The electricity and heat production in February 2005 are reviewed. Within a February 2005 the electricity was produced: 217 GWh (block 1), 281 GWh (block 2), 277 GWh (block 3), 282 GWh (block 4), totally 1057 GWh, and 2271 GWh within a January - February 2005. The heat production in February 2005 was 266 506 GJ, and within a January - February 2005 it was produced 531 849 GJ of heat. On February 17 Slovak minister of economy Pavol Rusko and general director of ENEL Paolo Scaroni signed the agreement on acquisition of 66 per cent of Slovenske elektrarne (SE) by Italian ENEL for 840 million Eur. SE has capacity of around 7 GW (83 per cent of total Slovakian capacity). In 2004 SE generated 26 TWh of electricity. Processing and storage of radioactive wastes in Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations and Spent Fuel and Rad-waste Management (SE-VYZ) is presented. Since beginning of this year 58 fibre-concrete containers have been filled up in Bohunice processing centre of radioactive wastes. Twenty-three pieces of fibre-concrete containers were processed into fibre-concrete containers in Bohunice processing centre of radioactive wastes (BSC RAO) in February 2005. Twenty fibre-concrete containers were stored into Republic storage of radioactive wastes (RU RAO). Total number in RU RAO reached 830 pieces of fibre-concrete containers, which represent 11.53 per cent of storage capacity (7200 containers). Bohunice processing centre of radioactive wastes was put into active operation just before five years

    6. Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this brochure the Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina, (VED), subsidiary of the utility Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, plc. Bratislava) are presented. VED is mainly aimed at generating peak-load electrical energy and maintenance of operational equipment. Reaching its goals, company is first of all focused on reliability of production, economy and effectiveness, keeping principles of work safety and industry safety standards and also ecology. VED operates eight hydroelectric power plants, from which PVE Ruzin I and PVE Dobsina I are pump storage ones and they are controlled directly by the Slovak Energy Dispatch Centre located in Zilina thought the system LS 3200. Those power plants participate in secondary regulation of electrical network of Slovakia. They are used to compensate balance in reference to foreign electrical networks and they are put into operation independently from VED. Activity of the branch is focused mainly on support of fulfilment of such an important aim as electric network regulation. Beginnings of the subsidiary Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina are related to the year of 1948. After commissioning of the pump storage Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina in 1953, the plant started to carry out its mission. Since that time the subsidiary has been enlarged by other seven power plants, through which it is fulfilling its missions nowadays. The characteristics of these hydroelectric power plants (The pump-storage power plant Dobsina, Small hydroelectric power plant Dobsina II, Small hydroelectric power plant Rakovec, Small hydroelectric power plant Svedlar, Hydroelectric power plant Domasa, The pump-storage power plant Ruzin, and Small hydroelectric power plant Krompachy) are described in detail. Employees welfare and public relations are presented

    7. Separation of radionuclides using host-guest materials

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      This thesis is focused on the development of complex procedure with using commercially available sorbents to separate anthropogenic actinides 237Np, 241Am, 238Pu and 239,240Pu and their determination in the liquid radioactive wastes by using alpha spectrometry. Abilities of using commercially available sorbent AnaLig(R)Pu-02 gel from IBC Advanced Technologies, Inc. were tested, this product belongs to host-guest materials based on molecular recognition technology. This material is capable of selectively capturing actinides in oxidation state IV. To adjust the oxidation state of 238Pu and 239,240Pu was used NaNO2. Pu(IV) forms in the medium of nitric acid complexes, [Np(NO3)6]-, which are captured on the column. For the second monitored radionuclide, neptunium is typical valence V, Np(V) in the concentrated nitric acid produces strong complexes, [Np(NO3)6]-, which are capable of the sorption on the column of AnaLig(R)Pu-02 gel. The most common state of americium in aqueous solutions is III. Whereas in this oxidation state, americium do not form complexes in 8 mol·dm-3 nitric acid is the result of the flow-through. On the base of experimental obtained results, solution of 0.1 mol·dm-3 NH4I in 9 mol·dm-3 HCl was selected for elution of plutonium. Neptunium was eluted from the column using 9 mol·dm-3 of HCl with addition of 0.5 cm3 TiCl3. Optimizing conditions for the separation procedure was performed by using model solution of radioactive waste which was prepared according to the chemical composition of radioactive concentrate from NPP Mochovce and NPP Bohunice. The effect of the concentration of Fe3+, the effect of the concentration of the HCl, the effect of the concentration of the solution of NH4I and the effect of the volume of this solution to the yields of 238Pu were studied. And also was studied the effect of 9 mol·dm-3 of HCl and the effect of volume of 15 % TiCl3 to the yields of 237Np. Sorbent DGA(R) Resin from EiChrom Technologies, LLC was used for

    8. Seismicity as dynamic load of pipes and fittings

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The load is discussed of pipe systems and fittings for nuclear power plants which may result from earthquakes, etc. Modifications of the equation of motion are discussed which may be solved using the response spectrum method or the method of direct numerical integration. A mathematical description of both methods is given. The seismic resistance of fittings, pumps, etc., is experimentally determined by loking for their eigenfrequencies and monitoring the response of equipment to resonance oscillations. The principle is described of uniaxial hydraulic and mechanical shock absorbers and a viscous damper. The presented computation method was used for evaluating the primary circuit (Sigma Modrany) and rods for the remote control of fittings (Sigma Hodonin) supplied for the Mochovce nuclear power plant. Variants were compared of seismic protection of the primary circuit by hydraulic and mechanical shock absorbers with viscous dampers and of circuits without any protection. The unprotected system oscillates in the first harmonic, the system with shock absorbers keeps the deflections within the range of the shock absorber function (to 2 mm), and the system using viscous dampers oscillates approximately according to the first waveform with a deflection of around 11 mm. A diagram and a dynamic model are presented of a rod for the remote control of fittings. Figure shows the computation model and the response of this rod in individual time moments, both affected and not affected by play in the dilatation joint. Table shows the effect of play in the dilatation joint on deformation maxima and on rod bend stress from a symmetric load of 8g. (E.S.)

    9. Foreword

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this paper Mr. Pavol Rusko, Vice-Premier Minister and Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic deals with Slovak energy power industry and with the current issue in relation to the completion of the 3rd and 4th blocks of the Mochovce nuclear power plants. The significant milestone either for the whole Slovak economy or for the electric engineering industry is the first May 2004, when the Slovak Republic became a member of the great European Union. It can be stated with great delight that the basic development trends correspondent to the conditions of globalisation, internationalisation of relationships and competitiveness of own production. Privatisation of the state enterprises and the ongoing reconstruction have stabilised developments of the electric engineering industry, what is reflected at present not only to the economic results, but also to the ongoing interest of foreign investors. The companies like Siemens, Alcatel, Matsushita, Molex and others became in Slovakia important investors. The world giants as Sony and Samsung promise dramatic changes that would shift the electric engineering industry to the second position, immediately after the car making industry. The export efficiency of this industry is very interesting from the view of the Slovak Republic Ministry of Economy. For the last year it covered 11.4 % of total exporting of the all industries and such trend appears as long-term. The electric engineering industry as the only processing industry in Slovakia has reported since 1998 the growth of employment. It reached the 3rd place in terms of employment after the mechanical engineering industry and the light industry

    10. Review of decommissioning, spent fuel and radwaste management in Slovakia

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Two nuclear power plants with two WWER reactors are currently under operation in Jaslovske Bohunice and NPP A-1 is under decommissioning on the same site. At the second nuclear site in the Slovak Republic in Mochovce third nuclear power plant with two units is in operation. In accordance with the basic Slovak legislation (Act on Peaceful Utilisation of Nuclear Energy) defining the responsibilities, roles and authorities for all organisations involved in the decommissioning of nuclear installations Nuclear Regulatory Authority requires submission of conceptual decommissioning plans by the licensee. The term 'decommissioning' is used to describe the set of actions to be taken at the end of the useful life of a facility, in order to retire the facility from service while, simultaneously, ensuring proper protection of the workers, the general public and the environment. This set of activities is in principle comprised of planning and organisation of decommissioning inclusive strategy development, post-operational activities, implementation of decommissioning (physical and radiological characterisation, decontamination, dismantling and demolition, waste and spent fuel management), radiological, aspects, completion of decommissioning as well as ensuring of funding for these activities. Responsibility for nuclear installations decommissioning, radwaste and spent fuel, management in Slovakia is with a subsidiary of Slovak Electric called Nuclear Installations Decommissioning Radwaste and Spent Fuel Management (acronym SE VYZ), established on January 1, 1996. This paper provides description of an approach to planning of the NPP A-1 and NPPs with WWER reactors decommissioning, realisation of treatment, conditioning and disposal of radwaste, as well as spent fuel management in Slovakia. It takes into account that detail papers on all these issues will follow later during this meeting. (author)

    11. Structural seismic upgrading of NPPs in Czech and Slovak republics

      Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

      David, M. [DAVID Consulting, Engineering and Design Office, Prague (Czech Republic)

      1997-03-01

      Several Nuclear Power Plants of the VVER type has been constructed during the past years in former Czechoslovak Republic. Some of them has been already put in operation and some of them are under construction. Nuclear Power Plants V1(2 units of VVER 440/230), V2(2 units of VVER 440/213) in Slovak and NPP Dukovany (4 units of VVER 440/213) in Czech republic are in operation. NPP Mochovce (4 units of VVER 440/213) in Slovak and NPP Temelin (4 units reduced now to 2 units VVER 1000) have been already almost completed, but still under construction. All above cited NPPs have not been either explicitly designed against earthquake or the design against earthquake or its input data must be upgraded to be compatible with present requirements. The upgrading of seismic input as well the seismic upgrading of all structures and technological equipments for so many NPPs has involved a lot of comprehensive work in Czech as well as in Slovak republics. The upgrading cannot be completed in a short time and as a rule the seismic upgrading has been usually performed in several steps, beginning with the most important arrangements against seismic hazard. The basic principles and requirements for seismic upgrading has been defined in accordance with the international and particularly with the IAEA recommendations. About the requirements for seismic upgrading of NPPs in Czech and Slovak republics will be reported in other contribution. This contribution is dealing with the problems of seismic upgrading of NNPs civil engineering structures. The aim of this contribution is to point out some specific problems connected firstly with very complicated concept of Versa structures and secondly with the difficult task to increase the structural capacity to the required seismic level. (J.P.N.)

    12. Atoms in Slovakia

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this book the history of development of using of nuclear energy in the Slovak Republic as well as in the Czechoslovakia (before 1993 year) is presented. The aim of the book is to preserve the memory of the period when the creation and development of nuclear physics, technology, nuclear medicine, radioecology and energetics in Slovakia occurred - as witnessed by people who experienced this period and to adapt it to future generations. The Editorial board of the SNUS collected the views of 60 contributors and distinguished workers - Slovakian experts in nuclear science, education and technology. Calling upon a wide spectrum of experts ensured an objective historical description of the period. A huge amount of subjective views on recent decades were collected and supported by a wealth of photographic documentation. This created a synthesised reflection on the history of the 'atoms' in Slovakia. The book contains 15 tables, 192 black and white and 119 colour pictures from around the world and from places involved in the compilation of the study and with the study of atomic science in Slovakia. The main chapters are as follows: Atoms in the world, Atoms in Slovakia, Atoms in the educational system, Atoms in health services (Radiology, Nuclear medicine, Radiation protection, the Cyclotron centre of the Slovak Republic), Radioecology, Other applications of irradiation, Nuclear energetics (Electric energy in the second half of the 20th century, NPP Bohunice, NPP Mochovce, the back-end of Nuclear energetics, Big names in Nuclear energetics in Slovakia), Chronology and an Appendix entitled 'Slovak companies in nuclear energetics'

    13. Case law

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      This section treats of the following case laws: 1 - Canada: Decision of the Canadian Federal Court of Appeal overturning a decision to send back for reconsideration an environmental assessment of a proposed new nuclear power plant in Ontario; 2 - France: Council of State decision, 28 November 2014, Federation 'Reseau sortir du nucleaire' (Nuclear Phase-Out network) and others vs. Electricite de France (EDF), Request No. 367013 for the annulment of: - The resolution of the French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) dated 4 July 2011 specifying additional regulations for Electricite de France (EDF) designed to strengthen the reactor basemat of reactor No. 1 in the Fessenheim nuclear power plant, and - The resolution of ASN dated 19 December 2012 approving the start of work on reinforcing the reactor basemat in accordance with the dossier submitted by EDF; 3 - Germany: Judgment of the European Court of Justice on the nuclear fuel tax; 4 - India: Judgment of the High Court of Kerala in a public interest litigation challenging the constitutional validity of the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010; 5 - Japan - District court decisions on lawsuits related to the restart of Sendai NPP and Takahama NPP; 6 - Poland: Decision of the Masovian Voivod concerning the legality of the resolution on holding a local referendum in the Commune of Rozan regarding a new radioactive waste repository; Certain provisions of the Regulation of the Minister of Health of 18 February 2011 on the conditions for safe use of ionising radiation for all types of medical exposure have been declared unconstitutional by a judgment pronounced by the Constitutional Tribunal; 7 - Slovak Republic: Developments in relation to the disclosure of information concerning the Mochovce nuclear power plant

    14. National approach to economic performance indicators for nuclear power plants: Slovakia

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The size of the Slovak Republic is 49,036 km2. In 2000, there were about 5.4 millions inhabitants and the population density was 110/km2. In 2000, the GDP decreased to $19.7 billion compared with $21.3 billion in 1998. Slovakia has only limited domestic energy resources, i.e. lignite, oil, natural gas and renewable resources. The energy potential of renewable resources in Slovakia represents approximately 5% of the total annual consumption of primary energy resources. In 2000, the electricity production from Slovak Electric was 26.3 TW·h (about 85%) and from other producers 4.6 TW·h (15%). The latter group consists mainly of energy generators in factories (car producers). The dominant producer of electricity in Slovakia is Slovak Electric, which is owned by the National Property Fund. About 90% of the distribution and sale of electricity are done by regional energy enterprises. The power grid operates within the framework of the Central Regional Net (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia). In October 1995, a long term trial test of the joint operation with the UCPTE started. Another important measure related to the nuclear power sector is the Government decree on the closure of the two oldest units at the Bohunice V-1 nuclear power plant in 2006 and 2008, respectively. By implementing a programme of modernization and safety upgrading of the Bohunice V-2 nuclear power plant, extension of the V-2 design lifetime will be enabled and the high level of safety maintained. The decision on the completion of Mochovce units 3 and 4 will depend on any interest shown by a strategic partner, as no guaranty of the State is possible. It is expected that a major part of the increase in electricity demand will be covered by developing the production of independent generators, mainly based on the steam-gas cycle

    15. Implications from homogenized solutions of permanent and epoch-wise GPS networks on the recent geo-kinematics of Slovakia

      Science.gov (United States)

      Hipmanová, Linda; Hefty, Ján.; Gerhátová, Ľubomíra; Igondová, Miroslava; Droščák, Branislav

      2010-05-01

      Key words: GPS, local geo-kinematics, regional velocity field The regular GPS observations aimed for geo-kinematical investigations are performed in Slovakia since 1993, when the epoch-wise Slovak Geodynamic Reference Network (SGRN) was established and observed for the first time. Since that time the SGRN was enlarged and re-observed 8 times and new regional and local epoch network were established and annually or bi-annually re-observed. Moreover, in 1996 the first permanent GPS station in Slovakia started with continual monitoring. Recently, the time series from 10 permanent stations situated in Slovakia or close to Slovakian border are available. This paper is particularly focused to Slovakia and its regional geo-kinematics. In this experiment we tried to consider all data available in mentioned region. We included also the data from local GPS networks extending in small areas in Tatra Mountains (Local Network Tatry) and Geodetic Network EMO surrounding the area of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant. Generally this work is based on 10 years of permanent and almost 16 years of epoch-wise GPS observations performed within five GPS networks occurring in Slovakia or near its boundaries. During last years started at Slovak University of Technology systematical reprocessing of past epoch and permanent GPS observations with aim to homogenize available data and to perform complex site velocities estimation. This paper refers the outputs from reprocessing and combination of 65 epoch or permanent GPS stations available in Slovakia and its close surroundings. These data were used to estimate velocity field of Slovakia in order to give a true picture of its geo-kinematics. Estimated velocities are used as input data for deformation analysis and indication of regions or sites with anomalous geo-kinematic features.

    16. Information about the status of IAEA recommendations implementation at the Dukovany plant

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In 1994 and 1995, the IAEA arranged a consultant's meeting with the objective to identify safety problems of VVER 440/V212 plants. Based on this meeting, the document 'Safety issues and their ranking for VVER 440, model V213 nuclear power plants' has been prepared, which includes explanations, ranking and recommendations considering problem solutions. In the scope of the IAEA Project RER/9/035, the 'IAEA Mission for assessment of safety improvements at the Dukovany plant' has taken place. Based on the Project, a report for the Czech Government was prepared in october 1995. Findings of the assessment of Mochovce NPP performed by Framatome and Siemens companies have been also used in the report. The purpose of this IAEA Mission, sent out upon Dukovany plant's request, has been to evaluate aspects of internal and external technical audit's programs at the Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) and to recommend next steps regarding completeness and appropriateness of proposed safety measures. A concept of the above mentioned report has been the main source material for expert reviews. The scope of the evaluation has included the plant design and operational safety aspects, and both the current situation at the plant and proposed safety improvements have been taken into consideration. Conclusions of the mission resulted from combined expertise of mission participants. The conclusions have been meant to provide an assistance to both the plant operator and national regulatory body as subject responsible for safe operation and efficient supervision over Dukovany plant overall safety. The objective of this paper is to inform participants of current state of work and responding to safety issues at the Dukovany NPP. (authors)

    17. Siemens power generation - answers to questions on power production

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The company Siemens AG is the world electrotechnical concern with place of business in Germany. The company Siemens s. r. o. Bratislava represents activities of the concern in Slovakia and was established in 1993 as a subsidiary firm of Siemens AG Germany. Its principal activities are sales, design, services and other activities within all areas of electronics, electrical engineering, as well as power engineering including industrial systems. Power engineering projects of the concern Siemens such as nuclear power plants Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce, steam gas-cycle Bratislava, reconstruction of the Refuse Incinerating Plant in Bratislava belong to the major projects in Slovakia. In the area of nuclear power engineering Siemens Power Generati-on is developing its activities in co-operation with the company Framatome ANP, which is the joint venture of companies AREVA and Siemens. An example of their active co-operation is the order on construction of the nuclear power plant in Finland, which was delivered to the consortium Framatome ANP and Siemens in December last year. Their task is to build a nuclear power plant in the town Olkiluoto in western part of Finland on the base of European Pressurised-water Reactor (EPR). This type of a reactor represents a great technology within the up-to-date nuclear power engineering development. The power plant under construction is designed for the planned output 1600 MW. The plant is planned to be put in commercial operation in 2009. In the next part fossil power engineering as well as natural gas power engineering of Siemens AG are described

    18. OE Management at CEZ, a.s, Czech Republic

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Full text: Brief description of nuclear facility. Two nuclear power plants: Dukovany WWER 4 x 440 MWe, in operation since 1985, Temelin WWER 2 x 1000 MWe, in operation since 2000. Overview of OE arrangements. The groups of internal OE are independent of operation; there is one leader and two engineers at each site; The group of external OE is common for both plants and comprises one leader and two engineers; The process documentation is common for both plants. Management arrangements Process goal To contribute to the permanent improvement of the safe and reliable operation of nuclear power plants in the Czech Republic and to prevent the occurrence of significant events, particularly from repeating causes. Principles: Safety culture; Teamwork; Openness; Trust. Mistakes, if they occur, are used as a source of useful experience. Staff are encouraged to find, report and clear shortcomings in the work in order to prevent possible future problems. The threshold is set uniformly for both plants. Key Focus areas. Dukovany nuclear power plant: Stabilization in both categories (significant events and failures); Focusing on the operational staff induced events. Temelin nuclear power plant: Continuous decrease in the category of significant events; Focus on supply induced events. Successes: Evaluations of both power stations and in particular of the OE programme, by international missions from WANO and OSART have been positive. Challenges: A period of event free operation is needed so that public opinion will be supportive of the construction of a new nuclear unit power plant. Good practices to share: Separation of the OE management process from responsibility for operation; Direct exchange of information among VVER operators (Temelin, Dukovany, Bohunice, Mochovce, Paks)

    19. Structural seismic upgrading of NPPs in Czech and Slovak republics

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Several Nuclear Power Plants of the VVER type has been constructed during the past years in former Czechoslovak Republic. Some of them has been already put in operation and some of them are under construction. Nuclear Power Plants V1(2 units of VVER 440/230), V2(2 units of VVER 440/213) in Slovak and NPP Dukovany (4 units of VVER 440/213) in Czech republic are in operation. NPP Mochovce (4 units of VVER 440/213) in Slovak and NPP Temelin (4 units reduced now to 2 units VVER 1000) have been already almost completed, but still under construction. All above cited NPPs have not been either explicitly designed against earthquake or the design against earthquake or its input data must be upgraded to be compatible with present requirements. The upgrading of seismic input as well the seismic upgrading of all structures and technological equipments for so many NPPs has involved a lot of comprehensive work in Czech as well as in Slovak republics. The upgrading cannot be completed in a short time and as a rule the seismic upgrading has been usually performed in several steps, beginning with the most important arrangements against seismic hazard. The basic principles and requirements for seismic upgrading has been defined in accordance with the international and particularly with the IAEA recommendations. About the requirements for seismic upgrading of NPPs in Czech and Slovak republics will be reported in other contribution. This contribution is dealing with the problems of seismic upgrading of NNPs civil engineering structures. The aim of this contribution is to point out some specific problems connected firstly with very complicated concept of Versa structures and secondly with the difficult task to increase the structural capacity to the required seismic level. (J.P.N.)

    20. Requirements for increasing economic efficiency in construction of Czechoslovak nuclear power plants within the framework of reconstruction and intensification of national economy

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The present economic effectiveness is assessed for the Bohunice V1 and V2, Dukovany, Mochovce and Temelin nuclear power plants. The development of capital investments of the WWER-440 and WWER-1000 units is demonstrated, as is the development of specific (per generated MWh) production costs of nuclear power plants that are in operation or under construction. The specific total cost indices of nuclear power plants are compared with those of conventional power plants; in 1980-1987, the former were a mere 70% with respect to the latter. The effectiveness of nuclear power plants is evaluated from the point of view of return on capital investment (including costs of the future decommissioning). Material indices of the construction of Czechoslovak nuclear power plants are found considerably higher than those for comparable nuclear power plants in developed industrial countries (Middletown, USA, and Biblis B, FRG). Using the overall index (weighted average) of total consumption of the main components in the construction of selected nuclear power plants in Czechoslovakia, the Dukovany nuclear power plant is found 2.6-fold more material and construction-time demanding than the Middletown nuclear power plant and 4.4-fold more demanding than Biblis B. For the Temelin nuclear power plant the results are somewhat more favorable: the index ratios are 2.2 and 3.8, respectively. Selected technical and economic data of the operation of the Bohunice V1 and V2 and the Dukovany nuclear power plants are given, and the positive contribution of construction of nuclear power plants till 2000 to environmental protection is outlined. (Z.S.). 4 tabs

    1. Nuclear power: Europe report

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Last year, 1999, nuclear power plants were available for energy supply, respectively, in 18 countries all over Europe. In eight of the fifteen member countries of the European Union nuclear power plants have been in operation. A total of 218 plants with an aggregate net capacity of 181,120 MWe and an aggregate gross capacity of 171,802 MWe were in operation. Two units, i.e. Civaux 2 in France and Mochovce-2 in Slovakia went critical for the first time and started commercial operation after having been connected to the grid. Three further units in France, Chooz 1 and 2 and Civaux 1, started commercial operation in 1999 after the completion of technical measures in the primary circuit. Last year, 13 plants were under construction in Romania, Russia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, that is only in East European countries. In eight countries of the European Union 146 nuclear power plants have been operated with an aggregate gross capacity of 129.772 MWe and an aggregate net capacity of 123.668 MWe. Net electricity production in 1999 in the EU amounts to approx. 840.2 TWh, which means a share of 35 per cent of the total production. Shares of nuclear power differ widely among the operator countries. They reach 75 per cent in France, 73 per cent in Lithuania, 58 per cent in Belgium and 47 per cent in Bulgaria, Sweden and Slovakia. Nuclear power also provides a noticeable share in the electricity supply of countries, which operate no own nuclear power plants, e.g. Italy, Portugal and Austria. (orig.)

    2. Chapter No.3. Assessment and inspection of nuclear installations

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The assessment activity of UJD in relation to nuclear installation lies in assessment of safety documentation for constructions realised as nuclear installations, or construction through which changes on nuclear installations are realised. The assessment activity of UJD in 2001 was focused on National Repository of Radwaste in Mochovce, on Radwaste conditioning and treatment technology in Jaslovske Bohunice and on the assessment of documentation for the project of modernisation of Bohunice V-2 NPPs which is under preparation. The assessment of the technical condition of equipment, important in terms of nuclear safety, primarily based on results of in-service inspections and surveillance testing of safety related components and systems, is also a part of the safety assessment of nuclear installation operation. The inspectors take part in training courses and participate in other technical meetings and workshops organised by the IAEA and also take part in special training courses organised by the Nuclear Authorities of European countries, USA and Japan. Bohunice V-1 NPP is equipped with two reactors of WWER 440 type V-230 and was put into operation in 1978-1980 as one of the last nuclear power plants with this type of reactor. Both units of NPP V-1 Bohunice operated in 2001 according to the requirements of energy dispatching at nominal power, or in a regime of tertiary regulation. November 2000, a mission of experts invited by UJD and delegated by IAEA took place at the Bohunice NPPs. The mission members together with experts of the plant operator assessed the safety of the units of WWER-440/V-230 of Bohunice V-1 NPP after the reconstruction. The members of the mission prepared the report on the current status of safety of these units for the IAEA. In 2001, UJD by its decision, issued the approval for further operation of both reactor units of Bohunice V-1 NPP. In sense of the relevant decree on operational events, 20 events have been recorded, at Bohunice V-1 NPP in

    3. Academic Support Program in the Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Engineering of the University of Cordoba (Spain)

      Science.gov (United States)

      Castro, Sergio; Navarro, Rafael M.; Camacho, Emilio; Gallardo, Rosa; García-Ferrer, Alfonso; Pérez-Marín, M. Dolores; Peña, Adolfo; Taguas, Encarnación V.

      2014-05-01

      The incorporation of new students to undergraduate degrees is performed in different stages through a long, sequential enrollment process. The student integration to the new context of higher education including group work and new teaching methodologies lead to notable adaptation difficulties to this new educational environment. In fact, the highest rate of student failure in the Bachelor degree usually happens during the first courses. The Unit of Quality Evaluation/Monitoring of School of Agricultural and Forest Engineering (ETSIAM) has detected that these failure rates at first and second degree course may be reduced through the involvement of students in a support learning process, by increasing their skills and motivation as well as the contact with the University environment in the context of their future professional horizon. In order to establish a program of this type, it has been launched an Academic Support Program (ASP) at the ETSIAM. This program aims to achieve and reinforce the basic academic and personal skills/competences require by the Bologna's process (BC) and specific competences of the engineers on the area of Agriculture and Forestry in the European context. The ASP includes diferent bloks of seminars, lectures, collaborative work and discussion groups among students, professionals, professors and researchers and it has been designed based on these competences and tranversal contents in both degrees. These activities are planned in a common time for both degrees, out of teaching classes. In addition, a virtual space in Moodle has been created for discussion forums and preparation activities. Additional information about schedules, speakers and companies, presentations and other material are also provided. In the preliminary implementation of the ASP, we will present the results corresponding to the first year of this academic support program. We have conducted a survey among the students in order to have a first feedback about the impact of

    4. KAJIAN PENGGUNAAN PUPUK MIKRO CU TERHADAP PRODUKSI DAN PENDAPATAN USAHATANI KENTANG DI KECAMATAN LEMBANG, BANDUNG

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      AGUS NURAWAN

      2012-11-01

      Full Text Available Study on Effect of Cu Fertilizer against Production and Income of Potato Agribussines in Lembang Bandung. The study of the effect of Cu micro fertilizer on potatoes plant was conducted at Cikahuripan Village, Manoko with the altitude of 1,200 meters above sea level in Lembang West Java. Method used in this experiment was Randomized Blok Design (RBD with 5 level dosages of Cu/plant i.e. 1 0 ppm Cu (Control, 2 3 ppm Cu/plant, 3 20 ppm Cu/plant, 4 30 ppm Cu/plant, and 5 50 ppm Cu/ plant, all with 8 replication. The Cu fertilizer used in this experiment were: CuS04.4H2O with 23% concentration in form of solution. Two variables observed in this experiment were: tuber diameter, fresh condition, and Revenue and Cost Ratio (R/C ratio analysis. The objective of the study was: to observe the effect of Cu micro fertilizer on the growth and the productivity, along with the revenue and the benefit and cost ratio. The results showed that, with the dosage 3 ppm Cu/plant, shows a positive effect of productivity, and the dosage 20 ppm Cu/plant yields optimum productivity i.e. 429.75 g/plant. The dosage greater than 20 ppm showed decreasing in productivity e.g. with 50 ppm Cu/plant caused physiological and metabolism disorder to the plant. From the labor cost and Revenue Analysis we noted the following result: 1 with the treatment of 20 ppm (C treatment the revenue in Rp73,670,400 and R/C ratio of 1.82, 2 with the treatment of 3 ppm Cu/plant yield Rp 71,013,600 with R/C ratio of 1.82. 3 with the treatment of 40 ppm/plant yield Rp 63,874,800 with the R/C of 1.52. 4 with the treatment of 0 ppm (Control the revenue yield Rp 57,812,400 with the R/C ratio of 1.52.

    5. Model “Diklastri” Sebagai Alternatif Meningkatkan Mutu Lulusan SMK

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Yoto Yoto

      2015-03-01

      Full Text Available Abstract: Link and match policies implemented by SMK with various shapes and models. “Industrial Education Class “ model is one form of manifestation of the link and match policy, which is a model of the implementation of vocational education is arranged and agreed upon by the school and industry. Students receive education in schools in the form of normative subjects, adaptive and basic vocational. While in industry, students working directly in the field carrying out appropriate jobs in the industry. Education system arranged in layers with the block system, planned, implemented, and supervised by the school and industry separately or together. This model combines the learning-oriented vocational training in schools and learning experiences related to working in the industry. Work learning experience provided to students must be in accordance with the program of study and career goals of students. The integration of vocational training in the school and experience working in the industry will form the character of students to be responsible, disciplined and enjoys the work, so that “Industrial Education Class” model able to improve the quality of vocational graduates.Key Words: industrial class, quality of graduates, SMK Abstrak: Kebijakan link and match  dilaksanakan olek SMK dengan berbagai ragam bentuk dan model. Model “Pendidikan Kelas Industri” adalah salah satu bentuk perwujudan dari kebijakan link and match, yaitu suatu model pelaksanaan pendidikan kejuruan yang diatur dan disepakati oleh sekolah dan industri. Peserta didik  menerima pendidikan di sekolah berupa mata pelajaran normatif, adaptif dan dasar kejuruan. Sedangkan di industri peserta didik bekerja langsung di lapangan sesuai pekerjaan yang ada. Sistem pendidikan diatur secara berlapis dengan sistem blok, direncanakan, dilaksanakan dan disupervisi oleh sekolah dan industri secara terpisah atau bersama-sama. Model ini memadukan antara pembelajaran yang

    6. PERBEDAAN OSMOLALITAS DAN pH DARAH PADA TINDAKAN TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE (TURP YANG DIBERIKAN NATRIUM LAKTAT HIPERTONIK 3 ML/KGBB DENGAN NATRIUM KLORIDA 0,9% 3 ML/KGBB

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Srinami Dewi

      2014-12-01

      Full Text Available Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP merupakan prosedur baku  dalam  penatalaksanaanhiperplasia prostat yang disertai retensi urin akut berulang atau kronis. Tindakan ini dikerjakandengan fasilitas air sebagai cairan irigasi. Salah satu komplikasi tindakan ini dikenal sebagai sindromTURP.  Kelebihan cairan intravaskular karena absorbsi cairan irigasi akan mengakibatkan terjadinyahiponatremia dilusional yang akan menurunkan  osmolalitas plasma. Perubahan kadar Nadan Lac dapat mengakibatkan terjadinya gangguan keseimbangan asam basa yaitu asidosismetabolik. Penelitian ini merupakan uji klinik, melibatkan 22 pasien dewasa dengan status fisikASA II-III, yang menjalani operasi elektif TURP di ruang Instalasi Bedah Sentral (IBS RSUP SanglahDenpasar dengan anestesi regional dan menggunakan air sebagai fasilitas cairan irigasinya.  Sebelumtindakan TURP, saat mulai puasa, pasien diberikan cairan ringer dextrose 40 ml/kgBB/hari,sesampainya di kamar persiapan IBS dilanjutkan diberikan cairan ringer laktat 10 ml/kgBB.Randomisasi blok dilakukan untuk alokasi subyek ke dalam dua kelompok yaitu  kelompok NLH(kelompok perlakuan yang mendapatkan cairan awal natrium laktat hipertonik 3 ml/kgBB dan-kelompok NaCl (kelompok kontrol yang mendapatkan cairan awal natrium klorida 0,9% 3 ml/kgBB.Dilakukan pemeriksaan osmolalitas dan pH darah sebelum, selama, dan sesudah tindakan TURP.Hasil penelitian mendapatkan perbedaan osmolalitas darah antara kelompok NLH dengan kelompokNaCl pada saat pra-operasi, durante operasi, dan pasca-operasi dengan nilai 285,3248 vs 283,3205,P= 0,0028;  287,0259 vs  284,6813, P= 0,045; dan  288,7668 vs 285,9444, P= 0,033. Juga terdapatperbedaan nilai pH darah antara kelompok NLH dengan kelompok NaCl  pada saat pra-operasi,durante operasi dan post-operasi dengan nilai 7,4864 (0,7018 vs 7,4055 (0,5646, P= 0,07;  7,4636(0,02976 vs  7,4318 (0,03945, P= 0,045; dan 7,4791 (0,03727 vs 7,4327 (0,5569, P= 0,033. Statushemodinamik lebih

    7. Annual report 2002. 1.1.-21.1.2002

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In this Annual report of the Slovak Electric, plc (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.) the results of operation in 2002 for the period from January 1 to January 21 are presented. It is unusual for a year to be considered as a matter of a few days, however, this is the case given the events at Slovak Electric, joint stock company which as of 21. 1. 2002 was dissolved and from which three new joint stock companies were established. Further proof of this is the annual report for 2002, which details the economic performance of the company during these 21 days, and the quantity of electricity and heat it generated and supplied to consumers. I am pleased to be able to state that this period of far-reaching changes during which the division of Slovak Electric, joint stock company into the new Slovak Electric, joint stock company, Slovak Electricity Transmission System, joint stock company and Heat Plant Kosice, joint stock company took place, did not cause any problems for Slovak consumers of electricity and heat. During the mentioned 21 January days of 2002, the sources of Slovak Electric generated 836,751 MWh of electricity, which represents 107 percent of the planned generation. The net profit for this period was 742,920 thousand crowns, the main influence being, of course, its short duration. As our economists have confirmed, the most important fact with a significant impact on net profit can be considered to be the amount of deferred taxes, which totalled 1,026,789 thou. Sk. With respect to the dissolution of the company, the company will apply 50 % tax depreciation from annual depreciation, which will, however, be reflected in the results of the newly established company - SE, a.s., as in the subsequent 344 day period its tax deductible depreciation will fall. It is clear that in the forthcoming period, in addition to this, many financial issues remain to be resolved by the management connected with the new form of the business, price, and management relationships within

    8. R. Nemcsics: Before as sell it is necessary the power plants to get to know

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Minister of Economy of the Slovak Republic Robert Nemcsics talks about privatisation of the Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s., Bratislava. An offer Czech CEZ for privatisation of SE submitted after deadline - in May this year - in a letter sent to privatisation agency National Property Fund (FNM). In spite of the fact that Minister Nemcsics did not dismiss this idea at the beginning, after the official statement by CEZ, he slightly changed his attitude and explained that including CEZ's offer additionally into this tender - though this would be legally correct - could be a problem if other prospects raised objections. The possible joining of SE and CEZ even became a part of political debate between R. Nemcsics and his Czech colleague Minister, Milan Urban. The whole concept of the planned privatisation gives a option of choice. For sale is offered SE as a whole, it's conventional part (water and coal-fired power stations) or nuclear power stations. None of the prospects has shown interest in SE as a whole or it's nuclear part. Manager of CEZ explained that his company was willing to buy the whole SE. And this is what, according to information R. Nemcsics provided to TREND, would be the most desirable output. All these - the tender with an unknown end, uncertainties in management and new plans of the Minister - came at the beginning of this year when the Slovak electricity market started opening to import. Representatives of SE announced last year already that current regulatory framework and liberalisation directives could considerably disturb its financial stability. Ministry of Economy has some objections to SE's presentation of its performance as the figures, says the Ministry, do not reflect the actual situation of the company and so the company cannot be transparently appreciated. The Minister talks about serious financial problems in SE and about concerns about re-payment of debts. Last year's earnings only support these statements. The only reason the company

    9. Environmental report 2004

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In 2004, Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) went one of the most complicated stages in its development to date. We implemented two main processes at the company - privatisation and restructuring. During 2004, as part of privatization all the tenderers for the purchase of 66% of the share of SE, a.s. carried out due diligence at the company and documents were prepared for the successful conclusion of this process with the tender winner, the renowned Italian electricity company, ENEL. In 2004, with regard to restructuring we continued with the systematic arrangement of processes and operations to transform our company into a modern company with modern management. Our goal is to retain only the most important processes and operations so that the company is not burdened by operations, which are not directly connected with our core activity. Despite these complex and rapid changes, the requirements of the Slovak Electricity Transmission System for electricity supply were met in full, in addition to the requirements for the supply of heat. In 2004, SE, a.s. generated 25.575 GWh of electricity, of which 17 025 GWh (66.6 %) was generated in nuclear power plants, 4 608 GWh (18.0 %) in thermal power plants and 3 942 GWh (15.4 %) at hydro power plants. By the management of the operation of power plants, we endeavour to reduce the impact on the environment to the lowest possible level. In 2004, the certification process for the environmental management system at SE plants continued. Certificates were awarded to Hydro Power Plants, Vojany power plant and the Decommissioning of nuclear facilities and radioactive waste and spent fuel management plant. In 2004, 43 environmental investment projects were implemented at SE, a.s. plants at a total cost of 199.6 mil. Sk. The greatest number of projects was implemented in the area of water protection. Drinking water consumption was 47 % lower than in 1998. The use and recycling of wastes will continue to play an important role with regard

    10. Modernization of Nuclear Power Plant V2 Bohunice in Slovak Republic

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      After successful completion of extensive Gradual Reconstruction (1996-2000) of Nuclear Power Plant V1 (2 x VVER440/V230), there started modernisation project of Nuclear Power Plant V2 (2 x VVER440/V213) in the site Jaslovske Bohunice with planned completion in the year 2008. The main goal and priority of NPP V2 modernisation programme is to increase safety and reliability of the operation, but also to create conditions for extension of the operating life and economy improvement of NPP V2 operation. NPP V2 units in Jaslovske Bohunice were commissioned in the year 1984 and 1985. In the year 1997, management of Slovenske Elektrarne approved goals of modernisation programme and safety increasing of NPP V2. At modernisation programme defining, there were taken into consideration results of safety assessment and recommendations for improvement of NPP with VVER 440/V213 processed within the projects IAEA, WANO, VUJE and the other organisations which have had experiences with the operation of NPP with VVER reactors (basic documents: Safety report NPP V2 after 10 years of operation, VUJE, 1993, Safety issue and their ranking for nuclear power plants WWER 440/V213 type, IAEA, 1996, Safety improvements of NPP V2 and design of their solution, VUJE, 1997). Detail range, content and schedule of programme implementation were elaborated by VUJE in the year 2001. VUJE worked out solution designs into the level of project requirements (Conceptual Design) in the document: 'Safety concept for modernisation and safety increasing of NPP V2' Modernisation works are implemented mainly in I and C and electro part, works in nuclear systems and the civil part are implemented in smaller range. Implementation works in modernisation project are realized mainly during planned units outages for refuelling. VUJE as the general designer provides elaboration of design documentation, safety documentation; support of general contractor and it is responsible for overall coordination and functionality

    11. The examination of the impact by expert views of school musical instruments on 6. primary school music class reach to its acquisitionsOkul çalgılarının ilköğretim 6. sınıf müzik dersi kazanımlarına ulaşmadaki etkililiğinin uzman görüşlerine göre incelenmesi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Emre Üstün

      2015-11-01

      Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to determine which school musical instrument (recorder, bağlama, guitar is more effective in reaching music lesson acquisitions. The research is on an experimental basis. In accordance with the aforementioned purpose, the effect of the experimental application on experimental groups has been identified. The work group of the research consists of 6th grade students which are divided into three groups, namely 6A-6B-6C, in 75. Yıl Primary School in the city of Nevşehir. In order to discover the impact of recorder, bağlama and guitar on music class acquisitions, cognitive entry behaviors (pre-acquisitions test have been designed by using expert view. Acquisitions and level of learning and practice skills of each of the classes which constitute the experiment group have been evaluated by 5-point Likert scale. Data gathered via the experiment have been analyzed via SPSS statistical software with One Way ANOVA, Pearson’s Correlation, Levene, Shapiro-Wilks, Kruskal-Wallis, Variance, and Scheffe tests. In the results of the research, it has been observed that all of the three instruments have an impact on acquisitions. When expert views are examined, it was determined that all of the three instruments increased the level of success in different acquisitions.   Özet Araştırmanın amacı ilköğretim müzik dersi kazanımlarına ulaşılmasında hangi okul çalgısının (blok flüt, bağlama, gitar daha etkili olduğunun belirlenmesidir. Araştırma deneysel niteliktedir. Söz konusu amaca yönelik olarak deneysel uygulamanın deney grupları üzerindeki etkisi belirlenmiştir.  Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu Nevşehir İli 75. Yıl İlköğretim Okulunun 6A-6B-6C şeklinde üç şubeden oluşan 6. Sınıf öğrencileri oluşturmaktadır. Blok flüt, bağlama ve gitar çalgılarının müzik dersi kazanımlarında etkisini ortaya çıkarmak amacıyla uzman görüşlerinden faydalanılarak bilişsel giri

    12. Radiological characterisation of V1 NPP technological systems and buildings - Activation

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      from all activated components. Subsequently gamma spectrometry and hard-to-detect analyses have been applied. As a result, detailed radionuclide vectors for all activated components in accordance with requirements for near surface repository at Mochovce site have been determined. Based on radionuclide vectors, the radiological inventory including all radiological parameters for all activated components has been determined. Finally, obtained unique data on activated components, representing in total 1118 DDB items, have been imported into database developed within B6.4 project. (authors)

    13. Role and responsibility of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      This bulletin contains information about activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD). In this leaflet the role and responsibility of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic are presented. The UJD was established by the Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic as an independent central body of the state administration in January 1993. Based on the Act, UJD is responsible for the state supervision upon nuclear safety of nuclear installations including surveillance upon the handling of radioactive waste, spent fuel, and other phases of fuel cycle, as well as above nuclear materials including their control and accountability. The main mission of UJD is to provide for the Slovak citizens as well as for the international community assurances that the nuclear energy in the Slovak Republic is used exclusively for peaceful purposes and that the nuclear installations are designed, installed, operated, and decommissioned in compliance with relevant legislation. The role is also to ensure that the operation of clear installations does not endanger the employees of nuclear installation, the public and the environment, and of cause damage on property. When rights of citizens are broken, UJD deals with petitions and complaints within its competence. In its activity UJD utilises the newest results of science and research, as well as international co-operation with the aim to reach a internally acceptable level of nuclear safety at nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic. The headquarters of UJD is Bratislava, which has its branch office dislocated in Trnava, and site inspectors at Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce sites. Nowadays, there are 9 nuclear installations in Slovakia, including 6 units of nuclear power plants, which produce approximately 50% of electricity in the Slovak Republic. The state supervision upon safety of nuclear installations is performed according to the 'Atomic Act'. Other details and conditions

    14. VUJE

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The year 2006 presents a continuing successful development of the company aimed at complex services for the energy. At the end of 2006 our company will have celebrated the thirtieth anniversary of a self-existent Nuclear Power Plant Research Institute (VUJE), which was established on January 1, 1974 by the Czechoslovak Federal Ministry of Fuel and Power. On this occasion we can assert that a way of preservation of the institute and later its existence as the incorporation with the activities to manage all the activities of nuclear power plant was a good choice. Our company has shown during its 30-year existence that it is able to preserve the commenced trend to be a significant engineering company in the field of energy and it has confirmed continuously its image of modern, flexible and viable company. Our prosperity has been based on the prosperity of our clients and on our ability to offer and realise top technical solutions that will provide economic, reliable and safe operation of the devices in energy. In the past including 2006 our company has been realising the most important projects in Slovak energy as Modernization of Bohunice V-2, Technology of medium and low-level radioactive treatment for Mochovce nuclear power plant, the Reconstruction oj Krizovany substation. Our success has been achieved thanks to our employees, their knowledge, qualitative products and modern technologies. Regarding the approaching the thirtieth anniversary of our institute we have to take into consideration that the success of our company depends on the collective work of all employees and their activities. Therefore it is obvious that in the 2006 we have been continuing in the improvement of social security scheme of our employees and in the process of increasing of their qualifications. A story of our company is the story of a successful firm, which managed to hold its own trend under difficult economic conditions of the last time. I believe in a well done joint realisation of

    15. Severe accident management development program for VVER-1000 and VVER-440/213 based on the westinghouse owners group approach

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The development of the Westinghouse Owners Group Severe Accident Management Guidelines (WOG SAMG) between 1991 and 1994 was initiated in response to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requirement for addressing the regulatory severe accident concerns. Hence, the WOG SAMG is designed to interface with other existing procedures at the plant and is used in accident sequences that have progressed to the point where these other procedures are not applicable any longer, i.e. following core damage. The primary purpose of the WOG SAMG is to reach a controlled stable state, which can be declared when fission product releases are controlled, challenges to the confinement fission product boundary have been mitigated, and adequate heat removal is provided to the core and the containment. Although the WOG SAMG is a generic severe accident management guidance developed for use by the entirety of the operating Westinghouse PWR plants, provisions have been made in their development to address specific features of individual plants such as confinement type and the feasibility of reactor cavity flooding. Similarly, the generic SAMG does not address unique plant features and equipment, but rather allows for consideration of plant specific features and strategies. This adaptable approach has led to several SAMG development programs for VVER-1000 and VVER-440 type of power plants, under Westinghouse' s lead. The first of these programs carried out to completion was for Temelin NPP - VVER-1000 - in the first quarter of 2003. Other ongoing programs aim at providing a similar work for VVER-440 design, namely Dukovany, Mochovce and Bohunice NPPs. The challenge of adapting the existing generic WOG material to plants other than PWRs mainly arises for VVER-440 because of important differences in confinement design, making it more vulnerable to ex-vessel phenomena such as hydrogen burn. Also, for both eastern designs, cavity flooding strategy requires special consideration and

    16. Proposed approach to derivation of acceptance criteria for disposal of disused sealed sources mixed with other accepted wastes in near-surface repository

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The Mochovce repository is described in the report. It is vault type near surface repository with 80 concrete vaults (2x2x20), 90 FRC containers (3.1 m3) in one vault (3x10x3), compacted clay bath-tub around double row. 300 years of institutional control are envisioned.The following scenarios are examined: Normal evolution scenario; Alternative evolution scenarios (perforated clay barrier; well in close proximity); Intruder scenarios (construction of simple dwelling; construction of multi-storey building; construction of road; residence scenario). It is being proposed that the DSSs are disposed of in the containers together with normal operational waste. Long-lived alpha emitters - excluded a priori (e.g. 226Ra); Short-lived (T1/2 = 102 days) radionuclides - interim stored until decayed down to clearance level 60Co - no activity limit, with due consideration of operational safety. The DSSs disposal issue is thus reduced to the disposal of 137Cs. No limit has been imposed on total activity. Existing limits for operational waste: 3.13.1013 Bq / container in the upper layer; 3.41.1013 Bq / container in the bottom or intermediate layer. The acceptance criteria are assessed according to the risk. Two are models set up in MicroShield ver. 5.0. Homogenous source of 137Cs in cubic concrete container and point source (hot spot) of the same activity. The result is - dose from the point source is 16.6 times higher than the one from the cube. As a result the following new restrictions arise for disposal of the 137Cs spent industrial sources: disposal of DSSs is forbidden in the upper layer of the containers; maximum activity of the 137Cs disused industrial source emplaced into the FRC container is 3.41x1013 / 16.6 = 2.05x1012 Bq in case of FRC filling by non-radioactive cement mortar; if the cemented radioactive waste is to be used for filling of FRC, decrease of the limit for the disused sealed source is equivalent to the radioactivity of the cement mixture multiplied by

    17. Management of nuclear knowledge on an international scale using a small university research reactor

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Full text: The Atominstitut Vienna operates a 250 kW TRIGA Mark-II reactor since March 1962 used for nuclear education and training in the fields of neutron- and solid state physics, nuclear technology, reactor safety, radiochemistry, radiation protection, dosimetry, low temperature physics and fusion research. During the past 20 years about 640 students graduated with a diploma - or PhD degree from the Atominstitut attached to the University of Technology Vienna. To perform nuclear relevant academic studies the Atominstitut offers about 100 highly specialised theoretical lectures and about 10 practical courses where students have to perform experiments in small groups of four on subjects mentioned above. Although the TRIGA reactor is a rather low power research reactor it is very easy and cheap to operate and an excellent tool to transfer knowledge and experience to the younger generation. This reactor is therefore not only used by other European universities such as University of Manchester or Bratislava Technical University but also by nuclear institutions such as the GRS/Germany, NPP Bohunice and NPP Mochovce for nuclear training. On an international scale the Atominstitut co-operates closely with the nearby located IAEA in international research projects, coordinated research programs (CRP) and supplying expert services. Regular training courses are carried out for the IAEA for Safeguard Trainees, fellowship places are offered for scientists from developing countries and staff members carry out expert missions to research centres in Africa, Asia and South America. In the past 20 years more than 120 IAEA fellows from all over the world have been trained at the Atominstitut. The fellows spend between one to twelve month at the Atominstitut and are integrated in the respective work program. Experience showed that out of this fellowship a long-term relation between the institutes continues. The paper focuses especially on the transfer of knowledge between

    18. Stakeholder involvement in decommissioning in Slovakia. Annex I.F

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      The Czechoslovak atomic energy history started in the 1950s with the construction of the pilot plant NPP A1 with HWGCR at Jaslovske Bohunice. This nuclear power plant was commissioned at the end of 1972 and shut down after the accident (IAEA accident scale - level 4) in 1977. The final decision to decommission this plant was issued by the Czechoslovak Government in 1979. So Czechoslovakia was one of the first countries facing decommissioning of large nuclear installations. As the shut down was not anticipated and the Soviet design of the NPP assumed that waste management should be conducted only at the end of the NPP's life cycle, the State was not prepared for decommissioning including all its aspects- funding, waste management, infrastructure and technologies. Later NPP V1 and NPP V2 - both PWR with WWER 440 were commissioned at the Jaslovske Bohunice site and another NPP with WWER 440 at the Mochovce site. NPP V1 will shortly reach its planned 30 years of operation and although successfully refurbished recently, it is in the process of final shutdown on the basis of a political decision (in 2006 - 1st unit and 2008 - 2nd unit). The list of stakeholders involved in the decommissioning, originally very short at the beginning of the nuclear era, is under continuous change with the increase of the 'decommissioning industry' and the pressures of new economic and political conditions. The history of stakeholders is described in the following chapters, more from the point of view of problems faced and solved in Slovakia than from the point of view of international progress and changes occurring in other nuclear countries. In general, it is possible to divide Slovak decommissioning stakeholders into the following categories: - Owner, operator and licensee; -Public; - Government and Regulatory Bodies, European Union (article No. 37 of EURATOM); -Contractors; - Media; - Environmental organizations; - Public opinion movements; - International organizations as IAEA, OECD

    19. Analysis of the similarity factors of the villages in the areas of the nuclear power plants from the premature death-rate performed by fuzzy logic method

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Our paper examines the surrounding areas of NPP from the proportion of premature death-rate which is one of the complex indicators of the health situation of the population. Specially, attention is focused on NPP in Bohunice (SE-EBO) which has been in operation for the last 30 years and NPP Mochovce (SE-EMO) which was still under construction when data was collected. WHO considers every death of the individual before 65 years of age a premature death case, except death cases of children younger that 1 year. Because of the diversity of the population, this factor is a standard for the population of Slovak Republic (SR) as well as for the european population. The objective of the work is to prove, that even a long term production of energy in NPP does not evoke health problems for the population living in the surrounding areas, which could be recorded through analysis of premature death cases. Using the fuzzy logic method when searching for similar objects and evaluating the influence of the NPP on its surrounding area seems more natural than classical accumulation method, which separates objects into groups. When using the classical accumulation method, the objects in particular accumulation group are more similar than 2 objects in different accumulation groups. When using the fuzzy logic method the similarity is defined more naturally. Within the observed regions of the NPP, the percentage of directly standardized premature death cases is almost identical with the average for the SR. The most closely observed region of SE-EMO up to 5 kilometers zone even shows the lowest percentage. Also we did not record any areas that would have unfavourable values from the wind streams perspective neither than from the local water streams recipients of SE-EBO Manivier and Dudvah. The region of SE-EMO is also within the SR average, unfavourable coherent areas of premature death case are non existent. Galanta city region comes out of the comparison with the relatively worse

    20. PLOT REELED INTO AN EKPHRASIS IN BELLES LETTRES OF THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Elena Vasil’evna Astaschenko

      2015-11-01

      evil mean? I’m going through my memory, what interesting things I heard and read about love, about the rights of genders, flesh, and find different clever words. But that’s just words ... They do not illuminate my soul with the understanding «(from the story of Avgusta Damanskaya» One day», published in the seventh issue of the «Education» magazine for 1908. The collision of pagan and Christian ekfrastic worlds is central in the novellas of G. Chulkov, S. Auslender, A. Mar and other representatives of the Russian decadence and Silver Age, which can not be considered in the context of Western European culture (from Stesichorus to Proust, from Zeu-xis with Parras to von Stuck with Knopf, for all the modernists (as well as realists of the early twentieth century, in the words of Alexander Blok, were sick with «Europeanism». However, Roerich and Vrubel, who are perceived not only as art revelation, but also a supreme religious revelation, and sometimes as an obsession, a temptation of the era, have a strong influence on the world art (not to mention the Russian art.

    1. Kekerasan mikro enamel gigi permanen muda setelah aplikasi bahan pemutih gigi dan pasta remineralisasi (Enamel micro hardness of young permanent tooth after bleaching and remineralization paste application

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Budianto Liwang

      2014-12-01

      : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti kekerasan mikro permukaan email gigi permanen muda, dan efek aplikasi pasta remineralisasi setelah pemutihan gigi. Metode: Empat belas gigi permanen muda ditempatkan dalam blok resin dengan jendela pada enamel permukaan bukal dan dilakukan pengukuran kekerasan permukaan enamel sampel awal dengan menggunakan alat Microvickers Hardness Tester. Kemudian dilakukan aplikasi bahan bleaching hidrogen peroxide 30% sebanyak 3 kali masing-masing selama 15 menit. Setelah aplikasi bahan bleaching, kekerasan permukaan enamel sampel diukur kembali. Sampel dibagi 2 kelompok; kelompok pertama diaplikasi pasta remineralisasi Hidroksi apatit + NaF 1450ppm, dan kelompok kedua diaplikasi pasta CPP-ACP + NaF 900ppm. Masing-masing pasta tersebut diaplikasikan selama 30 menit 7 hari berturut-turut. Setelah aplikasi pasta remineralisasi, sampel diukur kembali kekerasan permukaan enamelnya. Hasil: Kekerasan mikro permukaan enamel menurun setelah aplikasi pemutih gigi, dari 333.09 ± 10.49 VHN ke 299,15 ± 5.70 VHN. Kekerasan mikro setelah aplikasi Hidroxy apatit + NaF "> 1450ppm adalah 316,61 ± 5.87 VHN dan setelah aplikasi CPP-ACP + NaF 900ppm adalah 319,94 ± 3,25 VHN, namun kekerasan mikro setelah aplikasi pasta remineralisasi masih lebih rendah dari kekerasan mikro awal. Simpulan: Bahan pemutih gigi menurunkan kekerasan mikro permukaan enamel gigi permanen muda secara signifikan. Aplikasi pasta remineralisasi dapat meningkatkan kembali kekerasan mikro permukaan enamel gigi permanen muda.

    2. Gardening the City: Neighbourliness and Appropriation of the Common Spaces in Bulgaria

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Meglena Ivanova Zlatkova

      2015-12-01

      indywidualnego.Uwaga autorki skupia się szczególnie na formach transgresji fizycznych i społecznych granic oraz na tworzeniu nowych zgodnie ze zmieniającymi się tożsamościami, hierarchią społeczną, relacjami władzy, formami solidarności społecznej, usieciowieniem oraz inwestycjami w kapitał społeczny. W artykule omówiono przypadki naruszenia granic oraz podziały jako dyskursy miejskie – o mieście socjalistycznym, mieście transformacji i inne, tworzone po 2007 roku po wstąpieniu Bułgarii do UE. Przypadki te badano w perspektywie codziennych praktyk miejskiego ogrodnictwa prowadzonego w przestrzeni wspólnej, wokół bloków, na balkonach i w ogródkach na obrzeżach miasta.

    3. Biomass, chlorophyll and nitrogen content of leaves of two chili pepper varieties (Capsicum annum in different fertilization treatments

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      SUTARNO

      2009-03-01

      , kandungan klorofil dan nitrogen daun dari dua varietas cabai, Sakti (cabai besar dan Fantastic (cabai keriting. Penelitian dilakukan di Desa Gatak, Kecamatan Karangnongko, Kabupaten Klaten, Jawa Tengah pada September 2006 sampai Maret 2007. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan blok lengkap dengan dua faktorial yaitu varietas cabai dan perlakuan pemupukan. Perlakuan pemupukan meliputi tanpa pupuk (kontrol (P1; pupuk kandang 2 kg/tanaman (P2, pupuk kandang (1 kg/tanaman + pupuk kimia (ZA, SP-36, KCl = 2: 1: 1 + NPK (P3; dan pupuk kandang (1 kg/tanaman + pupuk kimia (SP-36: KCl = 1:1 + pupuk organik cair (P4. Kadar klorofil diukur merujuk Harborne (1987, sedangkan kadar nitrogen daun diukur dengan metode Kjeldahl. Data dianalisis menggunakan Analisis Varians dilanjutkan DMRT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pada cabai Fantastic, perlakuan berbagai macam pemupukan berpengaruh terhadap biomassa dan klorofil a, namun tidak berpengaruh terhadap kandungan klorofil b, total klorofil dan nitrogen daun. Pada cabai Sakti perlakuan pemupukan berpengaruh terhadap bobot segar tanaman, kandungan klorofil a dan total klorofil, namun tidak berpengaruh terhadap bobot kering, bobot buah segar, kandungan klorofil b dan nitrogen daun. Oleh kerena itu direkomendasikan untuk menggunakan formulasi pupuk kandang + pupuk kimia (SP-36: KCl = 1: 1 + pupuk organik cair dalam budidaya cabai.Kata kunci: biomasa, klorofil, nitrogen daun, cabai, Capsicum annum, pemupukan.

    4. Populasi dan Pola Sebaran Burung di Hutan Wanawisata Galunggung, Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      W. Widodo

      2014-03-01

      Full Text Available Gunung Galunggung ketika erupsi tahun 1982 sebagian besar flora dan fauna yang ada disekitarnya luluh lantak. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui populasi dan pola sebaran burung-burung yang terdapat di kawasan Galunggung periode pemulihan pasca 31 tahun meletus.Metode “point count jarak tidak tetap” digunakan dalam penelitian ini Gunung Galunggung telah ditetapkan sebagai kawasan Wanawisata Galunggung sejak tahun. Penelitian dilakukan dengan membagi dalam 5 blok pengamatan. Sejumlah 80 titik penghitungan burung ditetapkan dalam 0,7222 km2 luasan area. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dijumpai 39 spesies burung dengan total 719 individu. Ada 10 spesies burung ditemukan dengan populasi tinggi, yaitu Cynniris jugularis (96,93 ind/km2, Lonchura leucogastroides (84,46 ind/km2, Orthotomus sutorius (70,61 ind/km2, Orthotomus cucullatus (62,30 ind/km2, Zosterops palpebrosus (67,85 ind/km2, Pycnonotus aurigaster (55,39 ind/km2, Brachypteryx leucophrys (41,54 ind/km2, Stachyris melanothorax (38,77 ind/km2, Streptopelia chinensis (30,46 ind/km2, dan Halcyon cyanoventris (26,30 ind/km2. Nilai indeks Morista sebesar 7,67, ini menunjukkan bahwa pola sebaran dari sebagian besar burung di Wanawisata Galunggung adalah mengelompok. Secara spesifik tercatat 1 spesies burung sebaran terbatas (Stachyris melanothorax, 1 spesies burung migran (Motacilla cinerea, dan beberapa spesies burung endemik dan dilindungi. When the Galunggung mountain erupted in 1982, most of Galunggung’s flora and fauna were devastated severely. A research has been carried out to know about bird population and their dispersion patterns in the Galunggung Tourism Forest after 31 years of restoration phase. The research used “nonfixed distance Point Count” method and this research was conducted by dividing the observation area into 5 blocks. Eighty watchout points have been established in an area of 0.7222 km2. The study revealed 39 bird species with total of 719 individuals. Among them, 10

    5. Political pressure on nuclear - responsibility or business?

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      After more than 10 years since the fall of the 'iron curtain' some Central and East European countries were invited to talks on possible joining the European Union. The nuclear power industry and future development programmes in the countries were one of the crucial topics discussed. Nuclear field is probably the most sensitive one in terms of perception and acceptance by the public as well as politicians. To be able to really solve the issue of the nuclear industry future, it is necessary to know and understand the problems, which we'll have to cope with in a situation when the nuclear industry gets face-to-face in a competition with other electricity producers. Safety became the dominant issue roughly since the mid 80's, especially after the Chernobyl accident. Safety had always been important, however it was the top priority is this period. Public relations were seriously dealt with in parallel. Market liberalisation, decentralisation and privatisation has been the determining factor of further development of the nuclear industry since mid 90's. Probably the most important problem are the Public Relations. Positive public attitude and acceptance of nuclear power as an ,'ordinary' industry is the basic precondition for the further development. It is almost common practice that posts of NPP directors are occupied by public relations experts and experienced orators, whose power of arguments can convince people. Results of public opinion polls in many countries demonstrate that political views on the future of nuclear are in contradiction with public opinions. In Slovakia, for example, the nuclear has the support of 60-70 % in long-term. However, what is missing is a political force which might help completing Mochovce NPP units 3 and 4, even though in terms of near-future liberalisation this option proves to be the most advantageous one for replacement of older two units of Bohunice NPP (since the Government promised the units will be shut down in 2006 and 2008

    6. Chapter 12. Public information

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      'Nuclear Power Engineering Safety' running substantial articles from major UJD activities. The double issues 7/8 and 11/12 (2000) included safety analyses - NPP V-1 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce units safety assessment. The monthly 'Verejna sprava' (Public Administration) ran in 2000 two substantial articles on UJD legislative and state law activities. Contributions on UJD regulatory activity and international co-operation appear on a regular basis in 'Spravodajstvo SE, a.s.' (SE, a.s., Newsletter) and in-house journals 'Mochovce' and 'Bohunice'. UJD domestic and foreign activities were published in 5 issues in 'Slovak Nuclear Society (SNUS) Bulletin'. A report on the safety of nuclear installations and the management of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive wastes in the Slovak Republic in the journal 'Nuclear Europe Worldscan' No. 7-8/2000 was also published the year 2000. A number of substantial articles were published in the magazine Energia. A contribution on UJD's mission and tasks in the Slovak Republic was published in 'Energia Almanach' 2000/2001. Six contributions focused on UJD's domestic and foreign activities were prepared for the world information agency NucNet. A Slovak-English information material on UJD (12/2000) was prepared and published for the public. Also the Slovak-English 1999 Annual Report on the results of UJD activity and nuclear installation safety in the Slovak Republic was prepared and published. In 2000, four press conferences were held at UJD, with follow-up appearances by UJD management in television and radio. UJD executives made five appearances in television and gave six interviews and seven relevant interviews for Slovak Radio and magazines and dailies, respectively. In 2000, two video-clips were produced for the public, namely on the 'UJD tasks and mission' and 'emergency planning'. A highly successful press conference on Slovakia's NPP safety was arranged by UJD on the occasion of the visit to Slovakia by the OECD/ Nuclear Energy Agency

    7. EdF let Germans manage Stredoslovenska Energetika

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      According to provisions of privatisation and shareholders agreement Stredoslovenska energetika (SSE), a.s., Zilina should be managed by the largest European power concern Electricite de France (EdF). But so far, one year after the acquisition, the only French member of the Supervisory board is its Chairman Patrick Luccioni. The Board has 5 members and two of them are German - Peter Weis and Martin Konerman. The latter joined in September this year. He came to Slovakia after years spent in Boards of Hungarian distribution companies - Elmu in Budapest and Emasz in Miskolcz. The name of Peter Weis still can be found on the web page of Emasz on the list of members of Supervisory Board. Strategic partner in both the mentioned Hungarian distribution companies is the third largest player on the German energy market - Energie Baden-Wurttemberg (EnBW). The French concern with its 35-percent stake is the biggest individual shareholder of the EnBW. EdF is reassessing its international projects. Due to an investment embargo the French will not be among the prospects interested in acquisition of Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava but the company management has also announced its intention to sell its minority stakes in northern and eastern Europe. The Paris head office of EdF announced its decision in the time when privatisation of Slovak distribution companies was culminating. And so in order to maintain its influence the 49-percent stake in SSE together with management control over the company will be transferred to EnBW. Spokeswoman of EnBW, Petra Wollmer did not say the company would not plan any acquisitions in area of its core business but stressed that these would have to be thoroughly examined. She did not wish to comment on any potential plans the company may have in Slovakia or that would relate to changes in the management bodies of SSE. Not even the Head of Communication Department of the Slovak distribution company, Pavel Muller was allowed to publish any

    8. The back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle in Slovakia - the present and the future

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      In the strategy of nuclear energy back end approved by the Slovak government in 2008 and updated in 2014, is a spent fuel management concept based on interim spent nuclear fuel facilities and deep geological repository. Currently, 4 nuclear reactors are in operation in Slovakia, which use the so-called open fuel cycle, 2 nuclear units being under construction in Mochovce site - commencement of operations is planned in 2017 and 2018. All units are using the same type of fuel VVER-440. In the future, a construction of new nuclear power plant at Bohunice site is being considered. The operation of nuclear reactors generates spent fuel. At the end of the short-term storage period near the reactor, the fuel is transported into the interim spent fuel storage facility (ISFS) in Bohunice site. The ISFS is the wet type storage facility, where the fuel of VVER-440 type is being stored in the pools of demineralized water. The original ISFS capacity was 5,040 pcs of fuel assemblies (FA). Between 1997 and 1999, a reconstruction of the ISFS had been performed and aimed at increasing the seismic resistance and increasing the storage capacity up to 14,112 pcs of FA (1700 t of heavy metal). Considering the lifetime extension of power plants up to 60 years, the VVER-440 units in Slovakia will produce approximately 32,658 pcs of FA (3900 t of heavy metal). Currently ISFS is filled on 81% and at the current production of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) the storage capacity will be sufficient until 2024. Therefore the construction of a new dry storage type facility is being considered. The new spent fuel storage capacity will serve for long-term storage of the SNF produced by all nuclear power plants in the Slovak Republic taking into account that the company JAVYS, a.s. is a legal entity established and authorised by the Ministry of Economy and provides for spent fuel storage pursuant to Slovak Atomic Act, which states: In the interest of provision of nuclear safety and prevention of

    9. Chapter No.11. Public information

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      pursuant to Act No 211/2000 of Coll. was published on UJD web site (www.ujd.gov.sk). From January 2001, 56 requests were registered asking for the information (by phone, e-mail, letter or personally). One written request from Greenpeace was not satisfied since the information is a matter of business secret. The matter is in the proceeding of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic. The Slovak press agencies, daily newspapers and electronic media were provided with 63 contributions on domestic and foreign UJD activities. UJD, together with SUJB, issues the expert journal 'Bezpecnost jadrovej energetiky (Nuclear Sector Safety)'. Two important articles on UJD legislative activities and on informing the public were published in monthly 'Verejna sprava (Public Administration)'. Contributions on supervisory activity and on UJD international co-operation are published regularly in 'Spravodajstvo SE (SE Information Service)', company journals 'Mochovce' and 'Bohunice'. Domestic and foreign UJD activities were presented in 5 issues of 'Bulletin Slovenskej nuklearnej spolocnosti (Slovak Nuclear Society Bulletin)'. This year, the report on nuclear facilities safety and on handling with spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste in the Slovak Republic was published in European Nuclear Society journal 'Nuclear Europe Worldscan No 7-8/2001'. Several important contributions were published in journal 'Energia (Energy)'. Contributions on UJD tasks and mission in the Slovak Republic were published in 'Energia almanach (Energy Almanac 2001/2002)' and in 'Euro Nuclear'. Three contributions on domestic and foreign UJD activities were prepared for the world information Agency NucNet. Slovak-English additional information document on UJD was elaborated and issued for the public in December 2001. The 2001 Yearbook on UJD activities and on nuclear facilities safety in the Slovak Republic was prepared and issued in Slovak and English version. Four press conferences took place in 2001 in UJD followed

    10. Answers to remaining questions on bubbler condenser - Activity Report of the OECD NEA Bubbler-Condenser Steering Group

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      request of their safety authorities to answer the remaining questions and complete the bubbler-condenser assessment, the Hungarian, Czech and Slovak utilities took the initiative in 2001 to perform a joint experimental programme. This was to be realised at a specialised facility, the EREC facility located at Electrogorsk near Moscow, which had also been used for earlier bubbler-condenser experimental work. The utilities involved were the Hungarian Paks NPP, the Slovak Bohunice NPP and Mochovce NPP and the Czech Dukovany NPP. Parallel to the initiative for establishing this consortium, the Hungarian Safety Authority (HAEA) requested the assistance of the OECD NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) for the preparatory phase of the experimental work as well as for the analyses of code calculations and experimental results. The CSNI supported the HAEA request of assistance and approved the establishment of a Bubbler-Condenser Steering Group (BC SG) to carry out given tasks according to an agreed mandate. The Steering Group consisted of a representative of each of the Czech, Hungarian and Slovak regulatory bodies and of each of the utilities involved, as well experts from the German GRS, the French IRSN, the US DOE and the EU. These organisations had all been involved with previous bubbler-condenser work. The objectives of the Steering Group were: - to produce convincing evidence that the VVER-440/V213 type bubbler-condenser works during DBAs as designed; - To help in the planning of the new EREC experiments and in the interpretation of the results; - to provide well qualified experimental results serving as basis for the validation of best estimate calculation tools. The present Project Activity Report summarises the activity and conclusions of the Steering Group, and is primarily meant for the Nuclear Regulatory Bodies of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovak Republic. However, it can be of interest also for the regulatory bodies in other CSNI member

    11. The view at nuclear renaissance via actual European and Slovak approach to nuclear education

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      level nuclear education is very important also due to permanent increasing of nuclear experts age. To replace some of them are not easy. Beside this, the nuclear community needs some internal dynamic, which is connected to the young people activities. The problem is that the amount of students taking these lectures is low. Proper education at the university is a source of knowledge and attitudes for the whole life. Theoretical and practical experiences, professional approach and consistency are very important also from the safety culture point of view. University lectures and seminars are basically opened for public and this academic field can be made better use of in public relations. It is an investment mainly to young generation. During discussions with students, teachers can form their professional orientation according to their abilities and needs. Good teacher encourages also the growth of student and shapes his personality. Graduated students have to learn to take responsibility for their decisions and their academic level of education. Unfortunately, there was not real interest for educated nuclear engineers from industry till know. Although oral declaration how these graduates are necessary for NPP operators, in reality the nuclear industry does not attract young specialist. About 50 percent of graduates of specialized nuclear power engineering study at STU Bratislava went completely out from this area. Hopefully next years connected to the commissioning of Mochovce 3, 4 will change this approach. The actual status of education and training in nuclear power engineering is the real cause for concern. This education has to be based on the serious long term basis organised and guaranteed by high quality academic institution. It is a duty of educated and responsible people to highlight the necessity for a renaissance in nuclear education and training and recommend the following points: We must act now; Strategic Role of Governments; The Challenges of revitalising

    12. Tankerlerde Yükleme-Tahliye Operasyon Sisteminin Otomasyonu

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Murat H. A. ALTUN

      2015-12-01

      ılan bu hesap neticesinde bağlı olan gemi halatlarına yük binebileceği ya da tutma kuvvetinin azalabileceği gösterilebilmekte ve bu sayede halatların kesmesi(kopması önlenmiş olmaktadır. Sistemin alarm seviyeleri ve tasarım detayları bu yazıda detaylandırılmıştır. Sistem istenilen aşama esnasında kapatılıp manuel yükleme tahliye operasyonuna başlanabilmektedir. Yapılan bu otomasyon sistemi sayesinde operatör tüm tanklardaki değerleri her seferinde kontrol edip tank valflerini ayarlamak için zaman kaybetmemekte, bu zamanı meyil, trim, intakt stabilite, kargo miktarı değerlerini takip etmede ve ilk hedefteki kargo-balast değerlerine ulaşım safhalarını takip etmekte kullanacaktır. Bu sistem sayesinde operatörün aşırı yoğunluğu önlenmiş olmakta, dolayısıyla yorgunluğun önüne geçilmesi sayesinde insan kaynaklı hataların minimize edilmesi sağlanmış olacaktır. Alarm sistemleri sayesinde oluşabilecek beklenmedik kazaların önlenmesi hususunda erken müdahale yöntemi geliştirilmiş olacaktır (4. Bu sunumda, tasarlanan otomasyon sisteminin kullanıcı gereksinimleri, teknik isterler, proje ilk tasarımı için blok diyagramlar, projenin hayata geçirilmesi için belirlenen yol haritası (5 ve izlenecek spiral proje yönetimi (6 doğrultusunda proje tasarımı anlatılacaktır.

    13. Determining the Teacher Candidates’ Perceptions on Distance Education by Metaphors [Öğretmen Adaylarının Uzaktan Eğitime Yönelik Algılarının Metaforlar Yoluyla Belirlenmesi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Gül Kaleli Yılmaz

      2015-08-01

      olan 150 öğretmen adayı oluşturmaktadır. Bu öğretmen adaylarından 70’i lisans eğitimleri sırasında uzaktan eğitim yoluyla ders almış olan sınıf öğretmeni adaylarıdır. 80’i ise seçmeli ders olarak uzaktan eğitim isimli teorik dersi almış olan fen bilgisi öğretmeni adaylarıdır. Verilerin toplanması için araştırmaya katılan öğretmen adaylarından “Uzaktan eğitim… gibidir çünkü …” cümlesini tamamlamaları istenmiştir. Araştırmada veriler nitel veri analizi yöntemleri içerisinde yer alan içerik analizi tekniği kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Yapılan analizler sonucunda, öğretmen adaylarının uzaktan eğitime yönelik oluşturdukları metaforların ihtiyaca yönelik, çeşitlilik, isteğe bağlılık, gereklilik gibi farklı kategoriler altında toplandığı görülmüştür. Ayrıca bulgular incelendiğinde eş-zamanlı uzaktan eğitim yoluyla ders alan sınıf öğretmeni adaylarının, fen bilgisi öğretmeni adaylarına kıyasla daha olumsuz algılara sahip oldukları tespit edilmiştir. Eş-zamanlı uzaktan eğitim derslerinin 90 dakikalık blok dersler halinde yürütülmesi, öğretmen adaylarının ders dışında öğretmene soru sorma imkânı bulamayışı, derslerde zaman zaman teknik problemlerin yaşanması gibi faktörlerin olumsuz algıya neden olduğu fark edilmiştir. Uzaktan eğitime yönelik olumlu algı geliştirilebilmesi için; kısa süreli, uygulama öncesinde katılımcıların uzaktan eğitim uygulamaları hakkında bilgilendirildiği, öğretmen ve öğrencinin ders dışında da iletişim kurabildiği ve teknik problemlerin en aza indirildiği uzaktan eğitim ortamlarının tasarlanması önerilmektedir.

    14. STUDI PEMANFAATAN DAN KEAMANAN KOMBINASI METFORMIN DENGAN EKSTRAK CAMPURAN ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATADAN SYZYGIUM POLYANTHUM UNTUK PENGOBATAN DIABETES MELLITUS (PRELIMINARY STUDY

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      Suharmiati Suharmiati

      2013-03-01

      glucose but could not significantly decrease OGTT in comprasion to control group given metformin with placebo. There were no side effects on liver and kidney function test in the therapy of herbal extract of Andrographis paniculata and Syzigium polyanthum mixture in duration of 4 we eks. It concluded that the herbal extract of Andrographis paniculata and Syzigium polyanthum mixture is safe. Key words: extract mixture, andrographis paniculata, syzygium polyanthum, metformin, diabetes mellitus ABSTRAK Penggunaan Andrographis paniculata dan Syzigium polyanthum telah dilakukan secara luas untuk pengobatan OM namun bukti ilmiah tentang manfaat dan keamanan belum diketahui. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji dan menganalisis manfaat dan keamanan ekstrak campuran kedua tumbuhan tersebut untuk memperbaiki kadar glukosa darah. Penelitian eksperimen dengan kontrol menggunakan disain pre-post test dengan teknik pengumpulan data dengan kuesioner. Sampel sebanyak 30 penderita OM pria atau wanita berusia antara 40-60 tahun dengan kadar gula darah puasa antara 140-220 mg/dl, tidak menderita hipertensi atau hipertensi ringan. Sampel terbagi dalam 2 kelompok masing-masing 15 orang mendapat intervensi sedangkan sisanya sebagai kontrol. Intervensi sampel dengan pemberian metformin 500 mg pada pagi hari yang diminum 15 menit setelah makan serta 3 kali sehari masing-masing ekstrak herbal campuran Andrographis paniculata dan Syzygium polyanthum (1: 1 seberat 700 mg sedangkan untuk kontrol ekstrak herbal diganti dengan placebo. Obat diberikan selama 4 minggu, diberikan secara acak dengan metoda blok random sampling. Sebagai evaluasi dilakukan anamnesa, pemeriksaan fisik, pemeriksaan Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT setiap minggu dan pemeriksaan fungsi hati dan fungsi ginjal setiap 2 minggu. Teknik analisis data adalah diskriptif dan t test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian Metformin kombinasi dengan terapi herball, ekstrak herbal campuran Andrographis ~anicu~at~ ~an Syzygium

    15. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plant Cierny Vah

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      This leaflet describes the Enterprise Cierny Vah Pumped storage hydropower plants of the joint stock company Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Cierny Vah PSHP). Cierny Vah PSHP has been designed and built for providing the reliable and quality electric energy supply and for covering load changes of an electrification system (ES). It is mainly the pumped storage hydro power plants which in our conditions are the sources operatively covering the sudden changes of the ES load from the ecological, economic but mainly from the operational point of view. The electric energy generation volume is not the primary standpoint but especially their control functions in the ES. During the building of the Cierny Vah PSP the peak operation with the daily accumulation, participation in frequency control and output in ES and the compensation function in ES were to be its main tasks. After putting it into operation but especially after its becoming independent of the Slovak ES in 1994 the static functions (energy generation from pumping, balance output reserves, daily control,...) gave way to dynamic functions which gained greater importance (sudden load changes control of ES, immediate meeting of the daily load diagram, frequency control and outputs given in ES, etc.) After interconnection of our ES with the UCPTE West European association in which there are besides other things, the strict criteria for observing balance of outputs, the main functions of PSPs are as follows: 1. Dynamic services for ES 2. Dispatching reserve for the fall out of the greatest ES block 3. Observing the foreign cooperation balance agreed 4. Compensation of peaks and also of sudden daily load diagram reductions. All the work is divided into four parts from the building point of view: The upper reservoir is an artificial one without the natural water inflow, built by excavation and slope on an Unknown elevation more than 1.150 m above sea level. A leading slope with a gradient 1:2 and a bottom of the reservoir

    16. The Miksova water power station

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      This leaflet describes the Miksova water power station. The Miksova water power station is part of the second derived cascade of hydro power stations on the river Vah. It was built at the end of a huge development in Slovak hydro-energy in the late 1950's and the beginning of the 1960's. It is the second water power station on this derived cascade, which is situated downstream the Hricov reservoir and water power station. At the power station, three turbine sets with vertical Kaplan turbines are installed with a total power output of 3 x 31.2 = 93.6 MW. With this power output the Miksova water power station (Miksova I) was the biggest water power station in the Slovak Republic until the construction of Pumping water power station Liptovska Mara. And it is still the biggest channel water power station on the Vah so far. It was put into operation during the period 1963 to 1965. There are three turbine sets with Kaplan turbines from CKD Blansko, with a synchronous hydro-alternator installed in the power station. Their installed capacity is 93.6 MW in total and the projected annual production of electrical energy is 207 GWh. The turbines are fi ve-bladed (on the Hricov and Povazska Bystrica water power stations they are four-bladed) and the impeller wheel has a diameter of 4800 mm. They are designed for extension of the head from 24.1 to 22.21 m and each of them has an absorption capacity of 134 m3.s-1 nd a nominal operating speed of 2.08 m3.s-1, runaway speed 4.9 m3.s-1. Each synchronous hydro-alternator has a maximum power output of 31.2 MW, a nominal voltage of 10.5 kV and power factor cos φ of 0.8. Power from the power station is led out through 110 kV switchgear. The water power station operates under automatic turbine mode of operation with remote indication and control from the Dispatch Centre at Vodne elektrarne, in Trencin. From start of operation until the end of 2003 all three turbine sets operated for a total of 450,500 running hours and the Miksova water

    17. Utilization of research and training reactors in the study program of students at Slovak University of Technology

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      Full text: Preparation of operating staff for nuclear industry is and also has to be one of the most serious education processes mainly in the Central-European countries like Slovakia, Hungary or Czech Republic, where about 40-50 % of electricity is produced in nuclear power plants (NPP). A possible impact of operator failure on safe an economically effective operation of NPP is very high. Despite the fact that the automation in NPP-control made a huge progress, the human activity on all levels of operation is the determining factor for safe and reliable operation of NPP. High level of the operating staff education is determined by: the expertise of the teachers, the motivation of the students; the practical exercises, the material conditions (textbooks, models, simulation programs), effectiveness of education and training process (realistic time table, linkage of knowledge etc.) and the high level of basic education, good relation to mathematics, physics, computers, technical orientation, theoretical knowledge and skills. Technical universities like Slovak University of Technology (STU) in Bratislava take responsibility for the level of technical education of graduates. Excellent students can surely find jobs in nuclear industry, but for the operating staff it is recommended to study Power Plant Engineering and Power electronics. There is a possibility (beside the obligatory subjects) to choose a batch of 12 optional subjects focused on peaceful use of nuclear energy. In general, there exists a very extensive and also effective international collaboration in nuclear industry. Similarly good situation is also on the level of universities and technical high schools. STU Bratislava established contacts with many universities abroad. Thanks to the support from Slovenske elektrarne Plc., student graduates in nuclear power engineering specialisation have had (hopefully will have also in the future) possibilities not only to visit and to get acquainted with VVER-440 NPP

    18. Pengantar Redaksi

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Redaksi Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi

      2014-08-01

      penyusutan. Salah satu cara adalah dengan menerapkan teknologi. I Made Mudita, dkk. dari Fakultas Peternakan Unud memproleh hibah IbW dari Dikti untuk kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang menerapkan teknologi aplikatif. Sebenarnya kegiatan ini merupakan penerapan hasil penelitian yang dilakukan oleh yang bersangkutan sebelumnya. Desiminasi teknologi produksi bioinokulan berbasis cairan rumen “Bali-bio”, teknologi produksi silase pakan berbasis limbah dan pakan suplemen Urea Molases Blok/UMB, teknologi produksi pupuk organik dan biourine serta pemberian motivasi dan kiat-kiat pengembangan usaha peternakan yang menguntungkan adalah langkah yang telah dilakukannya. Melalui kegiatan sosialisasi/penyuluhan, pelatihan singkat dan pembentukan demplot di kedua mitra yang dipilih diharapkan tercipta peternakan yang kompotitif dan berkelanjutan.Peleburan bahan gamelan merupakan proses pencairan unsur logam Cu (tembaga dan unsur logam Sn (timah putih sehingga menjadi logam paduan perunggu (bronze yang terbentuk pada temperatur peleburan mencapai ± 10830 C. Proses ini dilakukan di tungku peleburan (prapen melalui pembakaran bahan bakar berupa arang kayu serta tambahan udara pembakaran sehingga menghasilkan energi panas. Untuk kebutuhan udara pembakaran perajin gamelan yang ada di Dusun Tihingan memanfaatkan tenaga mekanik yang disebut blower sebagai penghembus udara melalui pipa distribusi (injektor sehingga kapasitas dan laju aliran udara kontinu. Bentuk laluan injektor dan penampungan udara dari blower ke ruang bakar bahan bakar sangat berperan dalam menentukan kecepatan proses peleburan, hal ini dipengaruhi oleh tekanan, volume udara serta pengarah udara. IGN.Priambadi, dkk. dari Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Udayana melakukan modifikasi untuk mendapatkan laju alir udara yang lebih stabil dan menerapkannya di Desa Tihingan Klungkung yang merupakan sentra kerajinan gamelan sangat terkenal.Usaha mengurangi pemakaian insektisida dalam pengendalian hama

    19. Guest Editorial

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Dongye Su

      2012-05-01

      Allocation and Scheduling” proposes a multi-layer dynamic model of water resource allocation and scheduling based on the in-depth analysis of the coordinating characteristic in group decision makin. “Flexible Neural Trees for Online Hand Gesture Recognition using surface Electromyography” presents an online hand gesture recognition model by using Flexible Neural Trees (FNT and based on sEMG signals. The results indicate that the model is able to classify six different hand gestures up to 97.46% accuracy in real time. In the paper “Correlation Dimension for Pressure Fluctuation in Hydraulic Turbine Draft Tube”, correlation dimension is used to analyze the test data of pressure fluctuation in draft tube, the calculated results show that pressure fluctuation is different under different conditions, the corresponding correlation dimension is not the same. “An Improve Genetic Algorithm Based on Fixed Point Algorithms” proposes an improved genetic algorithm to solve optimal problems, which is based on fixed point algorithms of continuous self-mapping in Euclidean space. “Testing of Rounded Corner for Micro-Drill on Hybrid of BP Neural Network and Adaptive Particle Swarm Optimization” proposes a new approach based on hybrid of linear BP neural network and particle swarm optimization algorithm for fitting of micro-drill’s margin projection. “Choquet Integral with Respect to Extensional Completed L-Measure Based on N-Density” proposes a new fuzzy density function called N-density. “A Video Denoising Method with 3D Surfacelet Transform Based on Block matching and Grouping” proposes a novel video denoising method combining block matching based on the E3SS and grouping these blok strategy, 3D Surfacelet transform. In the paper “Application of GSO for Load Allocation between Hydropower Units and Its Model Analysis based on Multi-objective”, a multi-objective optimization model of load allocation between hydropower units is established in accordance with

    20. International Expert Team Concludes IAEA Peer Review of Slovakia's Regulatory Framework for Nuclear Safety

      International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

      that consideration of these would enhance the overall performance of the regulatory system: Coordination and allocation of responsibilities among State Authorities in the area of safety and improvement of planning and coordination of their activities; The development of a national policy and strategy document for nuclear safety; and A unified national radiation monitoring system to ensure its results could be used by competent authorities in normal situations as well as during emergencies. In a preliminary report, the IAEA has conveyed the team's main conclusions to UJD SR. A final report will be submitted to the Government of Slovakia in about three months. UJD SR has informed the team that the final report will be publicly available. The IAEA encourages nations to invite a follow-up IRRS mission about two years after the mission has been completed. Background. The IRRS mission to Slovakia was conducted from 28 May to 7 June 2012, mainly in Bratislava. The IRRS team carried out a review of nuclear legal and regulatory framework for nuclear safety. Special attention was given to the review of the regulatory implications for Slovakia of the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi accident. The review addressed all facilities regulated by UJD SR including nine nuclear power units, as well as spent fuel and waste management facilities. The IRRS mission did not include a comprehensive review of the national regulatory infrastructure for radiation safety of Slovakia, which is planned to be covered in the IRRS follow-up mission. Team experts came from twelve different countries: Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, South Korea, Sweden, Ukraine and United Kingdom. The IRRS team consisted also of 6 IAEA staff members. Quick Facts. Slovakia has nine nuclear power reactors at two sites (Bohunice, Mochovce): 3 units are in decommissioning, four units are in operation and two units under construction. Slovakia has no other fuel cycle facilities or research