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Sample records for blok elektrarne mochovce

  1. Mochovce Unit 3 and 4 Completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose of the Feasibility Study was to define in detail all technical, economic, financial, legal and authorization aspects of Mochovce NPP Unit 3 and 4 completion in order to provide Slovenske Elektrarne, a. s. (SE) and ENEL Top Management with all the necessary information for a final decision on Mochovce Unit 3 and 4. Feasibility study has started in January 2006. SE had the commitment to complete the Feasibility Study within 12 months from Closing of SE acquisition (April 2007). In order not to delay completion of Mochovce Unit 3 and 4, SE has decided to perform, in parallel to the Feasibility study, also all design and permitting activities which are required for the completion of Plant. This has involved anticipation of expenses for approximately 700 MSKK (or approx. 20 MEuro). SE was able to announce the positive decision about completion on Mochovce NPP Unit 3 and 4, two months in advance of the deadline.

  2. Fulvio Conti's visit to Slovenske elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 4 and 5 December, 2006, Fulvio Conti, Executive Director of ENEL, visited Slovenske elektrarne (SE). On the first day of his visit, he met with the Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico. At the meeting, apart from energy prices, they discussed the completion of Blocks 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant. ENEL, which holds 66 % of shares in Slovenske elektrarne, should present to the Government within end of April a study on completion of construction of the blocks MO34. The completion of construction of the Mochovce blocks would amount to approximately EUR 1 billion 600 million. In the afternoon, he met with the representatives of SE's management, who presented to him the results achieved in the area of operational safety, costing, and electricity trade. On the second day, he visited the Mochovce nuclear power plant, where in the morning, there was held a meeting with financial analysts at international level. SE's General Director and Chairman of the Board of Directors, Paolo Ruzzini, had a presentation on introducing SE, then Marco Arcelli, Director of Strategic Development of ENEL Group for Central and Eastern Europe and Vice- Chairman of the Board of Directors of SE, had presentation on an Enel's increase in the Centrel region. Jaroslav Holubec, Director of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant, summed up the operational results, and Giancarlo Aquilanti, Director of MO34 Power Plant, summed up the plans for the completion of Blocks 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant. After answers to the questions, the guests viewed a control room and turbine room of Block 1. (author)

  3. Mochovce site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Mochovce site the construction of four units of WWER 440 NPP with V-213 type of reactor is being carried out. The financing of Mochovce units completion was resolved in April 1996. The completion work commenced at the construction site under leadership of SKODA Prague, the general supplier. The completion work on building part and tests of constructional electric distributions and lightning constructors started. The revisions in technological part were finished, and final protocols from revisions are the basis for starting of completion work. The assembly of transport container anchorage,ventilation system in hermetic areas and hermetic coverage of pools for stored spent nuclear fuel is being carried out. The pre-completion tests of instrumentation and control of ventilation systems, individual dosimetric control in medical station, and tests of nuclear programme according to commissioning and assembling work schedule at the equipment for physical protection of the NPP area started. Inspection activities at Mochovce were performed in accordance with inspection plan for 1996. Evaluation of routine inspections was performed by means of quarterly protocols. Main findings from the inspections performed in Mochovce were in the following areas: (a) deficiencies in the knowledge of the respective regulation and conditions from the Resolution of the state regulatory body, concerning selected employees; (b) training of the selected employees; (c) aim of the measures imposes by inspectors is to eliminate deficiencies in preparation of programmes for pre-completion and completion testing. NRA SR assessment activities at Mochovce NPP were focused mainly on approving and inspecting of design modification to approving programmes for pre-completion and completion testing of system s and equipment and on approving quality assurance programmes. The suggestions of international missions, which reviewed Mochovce safety in the years, were taken into consideration in the programme

  4. Risk Management in Slovenske elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ronald Blasko has returned from Brussels to Slovenske elektrarne (SE) to manage the new department of Risk Management. In this position he will utilise the experience he has obtained as the senior manager in the European Nuclear Forum, as well as in his previous job position as the head of General Director's office in SE. (author)

  5. Vpliv vetrnih elektrarn na stabilnost elektroenergetskega sistema

    OpenAIRE

    GYOEFI, TOMI

    2014-01-01

    V diplomskem delu so, na podlagi literature, analizirane dinamične lastnosti različnih tipov vetrnih elektrarn v elektroenergetskem sistemu. Namen dela je ponuditi pregled generacije vetrne energije, pri katerem je poudarek na vplivu vetrnih elektrarn na stabilnost elektroenergetskega sistema. Podani so osnovni mehanizmi delovanja asinhronskega generatorja, dvojno napajanega asinhronskega generatorja in sinhronskega generatorja s pretvornikom, njihovo tranzientno obratovanje in zmožnost...

  6. ANALIZA SIMULINKOVIH PROGRAMSKIH MODELOV VETRNIH ELEKTRARN

    OpenAIRE

    Kralj, Klement

    2015-01-01

    Namen diplomskega dela je analiza Simulinkovih programskih modelov vetrnih elektrarn. Predstavljeni so različni modeli vetrnih elektrarn, od takih z generatorjem s kratkostično kletko, sinhronskim pa do dvojno napajanega asinhronskega generatorja. Najprej smo preučili parameter posameznega modela ter ugotovili kdaj ga lahko uporabimo. Zatem smo izvedli simulacije različnih obratovalnih stanj. Bila je izvedena podrobna analiza fazorskega in dinamičnega modela dvojno napajanega asinhronskega g...

  7. Implementation of the severe accident management in Slovenske Elektrarne, subsidiary of ENEL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Implementation of the Severe Accident Management (SAM) in Slovenske Elektrarne, subsidiary of ENEL, is a process initiated well before the Fukushima Daiichi accident. The main goal was to cover, comprehensively, level 4 of the Defense in Depth (DiD). The process included development of plant specific severe accident management guidelines (SAMGs) and installation of hardware modifications dedicated to mitigation of severe accidents as an upgrade the original VVER-440/V213. The SAM modifications have been developed with the aim to address all main generic vulnerabilities of VVER-440/V213 containments identified during initial analysis supporting the development of plant specific SAMGs. SAM modifications, in addition to their original purpose, improved plant response also at the level 3 of DiD. SAM modifications installed on VVER-440/V213 units in operation or under construction in Slovakia can be considered as an independent and diverse provision for the main safety functions: core subcriticality, core heat removal and confinement integrity. Basic set of SAM modifications includes independent diesel generator (DG), independent external source of borated water and containment vacuum breaker. Major contribution to safety from SAM modifications has been proved to be the implementation of in-vessel retention, hydrogen management in the containment and reliable depressurization of RCS. The complete set of SAM modifications installed incorporates dedicated SAM I and C to allow for determination and monitoring of plant status via dedicated instrumentation and control of SAM equipment installed at plants during a severe accident. SAM project including updating of SAMGs has been successfully completed on both units of Bohunice NPP and respective activities are continuing on operating units no. 1 and 2 in Mochovce with expected deadline in 2015. The basic design of Mochovce units no. 3 and 4 that are under construction has been modified to incorporate hardware changes

  8. VERJETNOSTNE VARNOSTNE ANALIZE JEDRSKE ELEKTRARNE V ZAUSTAVITVI

    OpenAIRE

    Antončič, Mitja

    2016-01-01

    Pričujoča magistrska naloga obravnava verjetnostne varnostne analize jedrske elektrarne v zaustavitvenih stanjih. Verjetnostne varnostne analize so namenjene ocenjevanju in izboljšanju varnosti kompleksnih sistemov, tudi jedrskih elektrarn. Skozi analizo izvemo možne neželene dogodke, do katerih lahko pride v sistemu, verjetnost nastopa teh dogodkov, način njihovega razvoja in končne posledice. Na podlagi analize lahko določimo pomembnost posameznih komponent, kar je koristna informacija pri ...

  9. Completion of the VVER 440/213 NPP Mochovce incorporation enhanced safety features

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The cooperation between the western countries and the countries of ex-eastern block in the field of nuclear safety is recent and still limited. The main reasons for this situation are limited or non existent capabilities of these countries for financing as well as non acceptable legal conditions concerning the third party nuclear liability in this part of Europe. Nevertheless, Framatome and Siemens associated in the consortium named EUCOM, have signed in April 1996 the contract of about 100 million US dollars with Slovak electricity company (SLOVENSKE ELEKTRARNE-SE) for upgrading the Units 1 and 2 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant according to the western safety standards. This is the first important project involving west-european companies in the modernisation of Russian type of pressurized water reactor (VVER 440/213). The consortium will cooperate with other partners involved in the project: Slovak, Czech and Russian. The financing of the project will be provided mainly form Slovak and Czech sources. The safety upgrading will be financed through French and German buyer credits. French company Electricite de France (EDF) will be the consultant for SE. The safety upgrading measures have been elaborated taking into account the recommendation of Vienna International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the evaluation of the safety realised by RISKAUDIT, the common organization of German and French safety authorities (GSR and IPSN). Hence all guaranties have been taken to fulfil the western safety criteria for Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce. (author)

  10. FluBlok, a recombinant hemagglutinin influenza vaccine

    OpenAIRE

    Cox, Manon M.J.; Patriarca, Peter A.; Treanor, John

    2008-01-01

    Abstract  FluBlok, a recombinant trivalent hemagglutinin (HA) vaccine produced in insect cell culture using the baculovirus expression system, provides an attractive alternative to the current egg‐based trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) manufacturing process. FluBlok contains three times more HA than TIV and does not contain egg‐protein or preservatives. This review discusses the four main clinical studies that were used to support licensure of FluBlok under the ‘Accelerated Appro...

  11. Slovakia: Mochovce NPP. Project control. Annex 10

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex deals with project control. Mochovce NPP suffered considerable delay primarily due to lack of money. This situation was corrected and construction resumed in 1996. Throughout the 'dormant' period the plant received considerable support from the major contractors, who maintained skeleton staff at site. Significant safety and managerial improvements are being introduced and a strategic plan for the plant has been developed. (author)

  12. Welcome on the Slovenske elektrarne board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the aims of Human Resources Division of Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. is to ensure suitable working conditions for new comers for their fast adaptation in the new working environment, in our company. On the other hand, achieving the attitude of an employee, which may be defined by a phrase 'He/she is the Group Member' belongs to the priorities of the Enel Leadership Model. We will not reach for this attitude and behaviour corresponding to it on the first day, when the new comer starts working. Effective set up of the whole adaptation process in he first thee months and following steps are very important, so that we may show the new employee that we do care about him/her. (author)

  13. Mochovce NPP safety improvement and completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    6th Nuclear society information meeting dealt with the completion of the Mochovce NPP with regard to implementation of safety measures. It was aimed to next problems: I. 'Survey' presentation on the situation of the nuclear power industry in partner countries; II. Basic technical presentations; III. Presentations of operators of the other VVER 440/213 NPPs on their activities in the field of safety improvement in relation to IAEA recommendations; IV. Technical solutions of safety improvements ranked with IAEA degree 3 (Report SC 108 VVER); V: Technical solutions of selected Safety Measures ranked with IAEA degree 2 and 1 (Report SC 108 VVER)

  14. Vpliv sončnih elektrarn na napetostni profil

    OpenAIRE

    Zupanc, Karel

    2013-01-01

    Z vključevanjem sončnih fotonapetostnih elektrarn v elektroenergetski sistem lahko vplivamo na smer pretoka moči in posledično napetostni profil vzdolž nizkonapetostnega omrežja. Cilj magistrskega dela je bil na podlagi meritev in analitičnega orodja prepoznati ter ovrednotiti eventualne negativne vplive na napetostni profil. Ugotovili smo, da sončne fotonapetostne elektrarne na obravnavanem področju vplivajo na napetostni profil, vendar v mejah dovoljenega. To pa ne pomeni, da negativne...

  15. Mochovce NPP unit 1 and 2 completion project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    History of Mochovce NPP is quite long and reflects political changes that happened in Europe in the end of 80'ties. The plant site was chosen in south-west of Slovakia in the frame of Nuclear Industry Development Plan adopted by former Czechoslovak government in 70'ties. In that time was decided to build in Mochovce four VVER 440/213 units together with other NPP's (Dukovany, Temelin, Kecerovce)

  16. SISTEM SONČNE ELEKTRARNE - PROGRAMSKA OPREMA PROCESORSKE KARTE

    OpenAIRE

    Tašner, Gregor

    2012-01-01

    V sklopu izdelave sistema sončne elektrarne je bila izdelana in nadgrajena programska oprema enostopenjskega DC-AC pretvornika, ki je sestavljen iz dveh pretvornikov navzgor. Prednosti enostopenjskega pretvornika sta uporaba minimalnega števila elementov ter čista sinusna napetost na izhodu. Programska oprema teče na digitalnem signalnem krmilniku TMS320F2812, njena osnovna funkcija je regulacija in nadzor pretvornika. Zaradi lažjega preizkušanja raznih algoritmov vodenja je izvedena komunika...

  17. Polish media and public opinion on NPP Mochovce commissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The so called 'Mochovce Problem' was one of the major topics in Polish media in the period from May to July 1998. The nuclear power plant commissioning caused an unexpectedly strong reaction, especially in the newspapers, slightly less so in electronic media. Faced with clearly hostile media reaction to Mochovce NPP, the National Atomic Energy Agency representatives, together with atomic and nuclear experts, undertook to change these attitudes. In numerous interviews, letters to the editors and talks with journalists, they attempted to correct the mistakes, explain the true safety situation in the nuclear power plant, by whom it was constructed, who supervised and tested the systems and so on. The completion of Mochovce NPP construction improved significantly the electricity balance in Slovakia, thus decreasing the pressure for continuing the operation of older Bohunice V1 units beyond their design lifetime. For this reason, as well as in view of striving for improvement in environmental factors beyond Polish southern border, especially after Kyoto/97 decisions on greenhouse gases emissions, the public opinion in Poland should support the Mochovce NPP construction. In 1996 Poland has signed with Slovakia a bilateral inter-governmental agreement on the prompt notification on nuclear accidents and on the cooperation in the nuclear safety and radiological protection matters. On the basis of this agreement the experts from Polish National Atomic Energy Agency are in perpetual contact with Slovakian Nuclear Regulatory Body and in each and every moment can obtain full and comprehensive information on the plant parameters iportant for nuclear safety. The experts explanations, together with the NAEA top management visit to the plant itself, brought some results. The media became less aggressive, and Polish public and authorities - contrary to the Austrians - do not protest loudly against the commissioning of this newest European NPP. Now, in December 1998, the tune of

  18. ZASNOVA IN DIMENZIONIRANJE HELIOSTATA SONČNE ELEKTRARNE

    OpenAIRE

    Belak, Katja

    2014-01-01

    Sonce v eni uri obseva Zemljo s takšno močjo , kot je potreba celotnega sveta po elektriki za eno leto. Diplomsko delo opisuje delovanje sonca, zgodovino, razvoj in solarne energije ter dimenzioniranje heliostata sončne elektrarne. Heliostat je računalniško vodena naprava, ki je sestavljena iz jeklene konstrukcije in ogledal, ki sledi soncu in odseva sončne žarke na sprejemno točko, ponavadi v obliki stolpa. Heliostati se uporabljajo pri koncentrirani sončni energiji pri sistemu sončnega st...

  19. Slovak power stations, Nuclear Power Plants Mochovce (Annual report 1997)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Nuclear power plants Mochovce in 1997 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Director's foreword; (2) Power plant management; (3) Highlights of 1997; (4) Capital construction; (5) Nuclear safety; (6) Radiation safety; (7) Work safety and health protection at work; (9) Fire protection; (10) Units upgrading - safety measures; (11) Maintenance; (12) Operation; (13) Environmental impacts of operations; (14) List of balances; (15) Human sources; (16) International co-operation; (17) Public relations

  20. Geodesy work during the Mochovce nuclear power plant construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A draft is described of starting geodesy points for the delineation of deforestation of the Mochovce site and for the detailed layout of rough ground grading. Later, a basic layout of control points was suggested that was gradually implemented in line with the progress of building work on the main site. The layout of foundations was done using the polar method and instrumentation by Kern. A rectangular layout micro-network was set out on the foundation slabs of the main production units to serve a detailed layout of the buildings. A large part of geodesy measurements is used as complementary measurements for producing the basic map of the plant. (E.J.). 3 figs

  1. Exposure management in emergency preparedness and planning at Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The legal requirements on emergency preparedness come from Acts of Slovak republic as the Act on State Safety Supervision of Nuclear Facilities, The Act on Civil Protection of population and the Act on Protection of Public Health. The operating organization, regulatory bodies and public authorities shall cooperate to prepare emergency plans according to these Acts in which the contents and conditions of the emergency planning are specified, exercises and reviews are demanded. On-site emergency plan with Emergency Plan Implementing procedures are the basic documents for emergency planning on NPP Management of response to emergency including exposure management shall be handled by Emergency Response Organization. There are the centers at which management is present during the emergency at NPP Mochovce: - Main Control Room; - Emergency Control Room; -Emergency Control Center; - Operational Support Center; - Technical Support Center; - Information Center; - Off-site Assessment Centre. NPP Mochovce owns facilities and equipment for the permanent environment monitoring at site and within the 20 km emergency planning zones. The major tasks of the Emergency Response Organization, which are carried out in compliance with defined procedures after an extraordinary event, are as follows: - assessment of extraordinary events; - warning and notification of the plant personal and population in the surroundings; - analysis and evaluation of on-site radiation situation; - exposure management; - taking measures for protection of the workforce (turn-back dose); - coordination of the activities of monitoring teams in environment; - coordination of the rescue teams (turn-back dose); - recommendations for public protection; - implementation of activities to remove the extraordinary event and to return to a safe state. Events are ranked in the Emergency Plan in compliance with their radiological consequences as follows: - 1. Degree - 'the alert state'; - 2.Degree; - 'On-site Emergency

  2. Readiness of the Mochovce NPP for unit 1 start-up with regards to meeting the requirements for increased safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A safety and reliability of operation of NPP type VVER 440/213, differences between Mochovce NPP and other VVER 440/213 NPPs contributing to the safety improvement, organization of the completion works of Mochovce NPP units 1 and technical condition of the installations are discussed

  3. Safety improvement and results of commissioning of Mochovce NPP WWER 440/213

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP is the last one of this kind and compared to its predecessors, it is characterized by several modifications which contribute to the improvement of the safety level. In addition based on Nuclear Regulatory Authority requirements and based on documents: - IAEA - Safety Issues and their ranking for NPP WWER 440/213, - IAEA - Safety Improvement of Mochovce NPP Project Review Mission, - Riskaudit - Evaluation of the Mochovce NPP Safety Improvements. Additional safety measures have been implemented before commissioning. The consortium EUCOM (FRAMATOME - SIEMENS), SKODA Praha, ENERGOPROJEKT Praha, Russian organizations and VUJE Trnava Nuclear Power Plants research institute were selected for design and implementation of the safety measures. The papers summarized, safety requirements, safety measures implemented, results of commissioning and results of safety analysis report evaluation. (author)

  4. Interpreting discourse: a critical discourse analysis of the marketing of an extreme right party: the Vlaams Blok/Vlaams Belang

    OpenAIRE

    Moufahim, Mona

    2008-01-01

    This thesis develops an in-depth understanding of a specific case at the intersection of extreme right politics, marketing and language. More specifically, the research focuses on a Flemish extreme right party, the Vlaams Blok/Vlaams Belang which provides a rich site of enquiry for the analysis of political communications, marketing strategies and discursive processes. Critical discourse analysis of the verbal and visual elements of Vlaams Blok/Vlaams Belang publications reveals, on three lev...

  5. Medieindustri og blå blok i parløb mod DR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjarvard, Stig

    2016-01-01

    Et parløb mellem private medieinteresser og blå blok kan svække public service i almindelighed og DR i særdeleshed, potentielt den største svækkelse af DR siden monopolbruddet i 1988. Men hvorfor vil man svække en offentlig mediesucces i en situation, hvor det private mediemarked er voksende?...

  6. Start. Slovak power stations, Nuclear Power Plants Mochovce (Annual report 1998)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Nuclear power plants Mochovce in 1998 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Director's foreword; (2) Power plant management; (3) Highlights of 1998; (4) Quality system; (5) Electricity and heat generation; Maintenance; Capital construction; (6) Radiation safety; Environmental impacts of operations; (7) List of balances; Human resources; (8) International co-operation; Public relations

  7. Otočno obratovanje sončne elektrarne enodružinske hiše

    OpenAIRE

    Koncilja, Rok

    2016-01-01

    Tema moje diplomske naloge je otočno delovanje sončne elektrarne enodružinske hiše. V uvodu izvemo nekaj o samooskrbi z električno energijo ter o samem delovanju manjše sončne elektrarne. V glavnem delu naloge je najprej, s pomočjo tlorisnih načrtov enodružinske hiše, opisana dnevna poraba električne energije. V nadaljevanju sem pri izračunu sončnega obsevanja za naš solarni sistem upošteval konkretne parametre, pomagal pa sem si s podatki meteoroloških postaj. Rezultat so dnevne vrednost...

  8. Experience with drilling and blasting work during construction of Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results are discussed of four years of investigating the technical and economic parameters of drilling and blasting equipment employed on the building site of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. The technical and operating characteristics are given of tested breaking and drilling sets manufactured by various foreign companies. The final choice was based on output, hard currency prices, power demand, operating reliability and number of personnel required for operation. The optimal set consists of two Hausherr HBM 70 drilling systems (holes with a diameter of 130 to 150 mm) and two ROC 601-02 Atlas Copco machines (auxiliary work, breaking foundation holes for nuclear reactors). (J.C.)

  9. Seismic re-evaluation of Mochovce nuclear power plant. Seismic reevaluation of civil structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this contribution, an overview of seismic design procedures used for reassessment of seismic safety of civil structures at the Mochovce NPP in Slovak Republic presented. As an introduction, the objectives, history, and current status of seismic design of the NPP have been explained. General philosophy of design methods, seismic classification of buildings, seismic data, calculation methods, assumptions on structural behavior under seismic loading and reliability assessment were described in detail in the subsequent section. Examples of calculation models used for dynamic calculations of seismic response are given in the last section. (author)

  10. Criticality safety analysis of spent fuel storage for NPP Mochovce using MCNP5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents results of nuclear criticality safety analysis of spent fuel storage for the first and second unit of NPP Mochovce. The spent fuel storage pool (compact and reserve grid) was modeled using the Monte Carlo code MCNP5. Conservative approach was applied and calculation of keff values was performed for normal and various postulated emergency conditions in order to evaluate the final maximal keff values. The requirement of current safety regulations to ensure 5% subcriticality was met except one especially conservative case. (Authors)

  11. Measurement of vertical displacement of buildings in the Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The incorporation of the measurement of displacements of buildings in the construction documentation of the Mochovce nuclear power plant is dealt with. Each project design shows the points of ground control, the method of their stabilization, the intervals, accuracy and method of measurement, etc. Of great importance is the measurement of the turbine bearing frame, the turbine equipment, the main production units and the buildings of auxiliary operations handling radioactive material. The measured values of displacement were within the expected limits for all buildings. (E.J.)

  12. Before privatization finances and business of Slovenske elektrarne have to be tided up

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s., Bratislava were, according to the time schedule of the previous government, expected to receive a new strategic co-owner this year. But this will not come true. Even though last year potential investors were invited to a tender and they even submitted their offers by the end of September but the new Privatisation Committee only started evaluating them in April. In the meantime a new Commission was established, the relevant Ministry prepared new plans and fights for chairs in SE's managing bodies were fought. A document containing privatisation alternatives for SE was sitting on the desk of Minister of Economy, Robert Nemcsics. The Coalition Board was busy discussing other topics and so, according to the Minister, SE should get on the agenda this week. R. Nemcsics claims that this privatisation requires political will as well. This political will will decide how the cabinet will handle an offer Czech CEZ submitted after deadline - in May this year - in a letter sent to privatisation agency National Property Fund (FNM). Spokesman of the Czech company, Ladislav Kriz explained that this step was motioned by signals from official and unofficial Slovak sources that CEZ could possibly be a suitable partner for SE. The whole debate about these two companies joining together was started at the beginning of this year by Vincent Pillar short after his sudden resignation from position of General Manager of SE. Production and export of electrical energy in years 1999-2002 is presented graphically

  13. Study of environmental impact assessment for Mochovce NPP Units 3 and 4. Executive summary. September 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SE/ENEL, on a voluntary basis, has prepared new EIA Study for the completion of Units 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant (MO34 NPP) according to International current practices and European Directives. The results of the analysis, according to SE/ENEL Environment and Corporate Social Responsibility policies, will be provided to local Communities and Public Authorities. The Environmental Impact Assessment is performed: - in compliance with appendix 11 of Slovak Act. No. 24/2006 'On the assessment of the effects on the environment and on the modification and enlargement of some laws'; - meeting the requirements of the Exhibit II 'Illustrative list of potential social and environmental issues to be addressed in the Social and Environmental Assessment documentation' as reported in the document 'Equator Principles' of 2006 July developed by the International Finance Corporation (IFC). The area of Mochovce NPP is situated in Central Europe in the south-western region of the Slovak Republic (SR) at the western border of the Levice district. The area lies in the south-western part of the Kozmalovske hills mainly in the Hron highlands. From the point of view of the terrestrial and administrative organization of the SR, Mochovce NPP is situated in the eastern part of the Nitra region, in the north-western part of the Levice district, close to the border with the Nitra and Zlate Moravce districts. Mochovce NPP is approx. 12 km from the district capital Levice, which is the largest town within a 20 km distance from the power plant. Initial site preparation began in August 1983. In April 1998 the first fuel was loaded into Unit 1 of Mochovce NPP. The operation started in August 1998. Unit 2 started operation in January 2000. The original Construction Permit No. Vyst. 2010/86 for MO 34 was issued by the District National Committee in Levice on the basis of the Land Planning Decisions on 12 November 1986. This Permit has been renewed firstly on 5 May 1997 by letter of the

  14. PSA analysis focused on Mochovce safety measure evaluation from operational safety point of view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP consists of four reaktor units of WWER 440/V213 type and it is located in the south-middle part of Slovakia. At present units 1 and 2 are in operation. As these units represent the second generation of WWER reactor design, additional safety measures were implemented to enhance operational and nuclear safety according to the recommendations of international audits and operational experience from other simular units (such as Dukovany and Bohunice). These requirements result into a number of safety measures grouped according to their purpose to achieve recent international requirements on nuclear and operational safety. The paper presents the bases used for specification of safety measures including their grouping into comprehensive tasks covering different areas of safety goals as well as structural organization of project management including participating companies and work performance. Results are also given regarding the contribution of selected safety measures to reduction of total core damage frequency. (authors)

  15. PSA analysis focused on Mochovce NPP safety measures evaluation from operational safety point of view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP consists of four reactor units of WWER 440/V213 type and it is located in the south-middle part of Slovakia. At present two units are operated and another two are under the construction. As these units represent second generation of WWER reactor design, the additional safety measures (SM) were implemented to enhance operational and nuclear safety according to the recommendations of performed international audits and operational experience based on the exploitation of similar units. These requirements result into a number of SMs grouped according to their purpose to reach recent international requirements on nuclear and operational safety. The paper presents the bases used for SMs establishing including their grouping covering different areas of safety goals and results of SM contributions to the total core damage frequency based on FPSA analysis. (author)

  16. Review of selected contributions of the conference 'Integrated quality management systems in completion of units 3 and 4 Mochovce'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There were 14 contributions presented of the conference focused on the integrated quality management systems in completion EMO34. Contributions were focused both on theoretical problems from the project management area and on the applications in practice in management systems implementation in accordance with the standards: STN EN ISO 9001:2000, STN EN ISO 14 001:2005, and OHSAS 18 001:1999 at the completion of the Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce of units 3 and 4

  17. The nuclear regulatory authority of the Slovak Republic and start-up of the Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The important aspect is testing if the nuclear energy in the Slovak Republic is due to obligatory rules acceptable and its operation is regulated by the state through the independent institution - The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD). UJD considers the whole area of public relations an essential component of its activity. UJD intends to serve the public true, systematic, qualified, understandable and independent information regarding nuclear safety of nuclear power plants, as well as regarding methods and results of UJD work. Generally, public information is considered as significant contribution to the creation of confidence into the regulatory work. The public relations are understood as attempts to establish, keep and improve UJD-s good relations to its neighbours through purposeful informing. An Information centre at the offices of UJD was built and opened in October 1995 with IAEA Director General as the first visitor. NPP Mochovee is an example of international co-operation in achieving internationally acceptable safety standards. Companies from France, Germany, USA, Russian Federation, Czech Republic and Slovakia and last, but not least also the IAEA participated significantly on increasing the safety level of this NPP. We have been fully aware of the importance of good communication with press, TV and radio broadcasting in this pre-operation and operation period about nuclear safety, nuclear standard and other nuclear aspects commissioning of the NPP Mochovce in the UJD. The information policy of the UJD was in this period focused on the preparation an actual press releases for general and specialised news- paper and national press agencies. Very important were the frequent presentations the requirement safety stages of the NPP Mochovce inIV and radio broadcasting by headquarters of the UJD. UJD as the state authority provides information related to its competence, namely information on safety of operation of nuclear installations

  18. An operational approach to standard nuclear process model (SNPM) and SAP nuclear software implementation at Slovenske Elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Benchmarking efforts in the fall of 2006 showed significant performance gaps in multiple measured processes between the Slovenske Elektrarne (SE) nuclear organization and the highest performing nuclear organizations in the world. While overall performance of the SE nuclear fleet was good and in the second quartile, when compared to the worldwide population of Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR), SE leadership set new goals to improve safety and operational performance to the first decile of the worldwide PWR Fleet. To meet these goals the SE nuclear team initiated a project to identify and implement the Best Practice nuclear processes in multiple areas. The benchmarking process identified the Standard Nuclear Performance Model (SNPM), used in the US nuclear fleet, as the industry best practice process model. The Slovenske Elektrarne nuclear management team used various change management techniques to clearly establish the case for organizational and process change within the nuclear organization. The project organization established by the SE nuclear management team relied heavily on functional line organization personnel to gain early acceptance of the project goals and methods thereby reducing organizational opposition to the significant organizational and process changes. The choice of a standardized process model used, all or in part, by approximately one third of the nuclear industry worldwide greatly facilitated the development and acceptance of the changes. Use of a nuclear proven templated software platform significantly reduced development and testing efforts for the resulting fully integrated solution. In the spring of 2007 SE set in motion a set of initiatives that has resulted in a significant redesign of most processes related to nuclear plant maintenance and continuous improvement. Significant organizational structure changes have been designed and implemented to align the organization to the SNPM processes and programs. The completion of the initial

  19. PSA analysis focused on Mochovce NPP safety measures evaluation from operational safety point of view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mochovce NPP consists of four reactor units of WWER 440/V213 type and it is located in the south-middle part of Slovakia. At present first unit operated and the second one under the construction finishing. As these units represent second generation of WWER reactor design, the additional safety measures (SM) were implemented to enhance operational and nuclear safety according to the recommendations of performed international audits and operational experience based on exploitation of other similar units (as Dukovany and J. Bohunice NPPs). These requirements result into a number of SMs grouped according to their purpose to reach recent international requirements on nuclear and operational safety. The paper presents the bases used for safety measures establishing including their grouping into the comprehensive tasks covering different areas of safety goals as well as structural organization of a project management of including participating companies and work performance. More, results are given regarding contribution of selected SMs to the total core damage frequency decreasing.(author)

  20. 'The discourses of love': some observations regarding Charles Baudelaire in the context of Brjusov's and Blok's vision of the 'Urban Woman'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Ioffe

    2008-01-01

    The paper deals with some aspects of the "discourse of love" in Russian poetry of the Silver Age, in particular with regard to the description of the "urban woman". There are clear parallels between the methods employed for this imaginary figure as developed by the Russian Symbolists Blok and Brjuso

  1. The management of safety within the completion of units 3. and 4. in NPP Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contribution defines the way of management of safety and protection of health and protection against the fire during completion of units 3. and 4. in NPP Mochovce. The creation of the management of safety raised from the legal and other requirements applied in the civil activities and mainly from the requirements for coordination of safety on the site. The whole system is methodically managed through the 5 basic documents so-called 'Building rules': 1) Safety-technical conditions of performance in SE, Inc. Bratislava (project MO34); 2) MO34/1/MNA-003.00-02 the elaboration of the integrated safety plan; 3) MO34/1/NA-003.00-03 risks analyse; 4) PNM3460100 Integrated safety plan for completion of Units 3.and 4 in NPP Mochovce; 5) Project of construction organization. The system itself of the management of the safety prevention must by provided by the supplier in compliance with the standard OHSAS 18 001 and ISO 14001, and in compliance with the requirement of the builder applied in the technical specification for the contract. Most of necessary related documentation of Safety plan for the site is usually part of the documentation for quality management of contractor. Therefore it is necessary to put the reference in each chapter of the Safety plan for site and the standpoint how to apply it for the particular specific situation. The coordinator is mandatory to manage the prevention for the part of safety of specified site and to coordinate the activity of suppliers during the works tie in this way, that the each contractor shall meet the safety requirements given by safety plan and also to identify and to eliminate the risks menaced in the particular work places or the suppliers each other. The builder established its own control system and for this purpose he settled the data base so-called 'The system of corrective and precautionary activities'. The system registers in its data base all discrepancies determined during the regular controls of the head workers

  2. Researches of a thermodynamic behaviour of bubbling vacuum system bubble condenser NPP 'Mochovce'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During joint development and designing of the bubbling vacuum system (BVS) equipment for localization of under-loss of coolant accident (LOCA) consequences on NPPs with WWER 440/213, a large volume of experimental and calculational activities have been performed by VTI and SverdNIIchimmash for the substantiation of functionality of this system, and in particular, for bubbler-condenser (BC) design, as a part of BVS. However, not looking on broad introduction of BVS on 16-th NPP units with WWER 440/213, its functionality was subjected to a doubt from experts of different countries. Sequentially, that promoted issue of the IAEA, document and OECD document. Therefore, before commissioning of the NPP 'Mochovce' unit 1 it was decided to execute additional experimental and computational researches for Safety Analysis Report preparation. Within the framework of these BVS thermodynamic behavior researches, in particular the following problems were chosen: (1) The check of a capability of valves DN 250 blocking in an opened position, as a result of return pressure differential on BC, during vent clearing process of the hydro-lock, that can sequentially result in an a drop of efficiency of stem condensation in BC pool; (2) To provide by direct measurements the absence of pressure oscillations dangerous for strength of a BC design in different modes of steam condensation in BC and to execute computational researches of instability of steam condensation processes (for such mode as 'chugging'); (3) Study influences of pool swell and water carry over through check valves DN 500 in the air traps on a BVS functionality; (4) To determine by a computational way the maximum pressure in NPP premises during LOCA, with taking into consideration additional failures of the BC equipment: absence of a water on two and more BC plates and DN 250 valves have blocked in an opened position (conservative conditions). (authors)

  3. Ecological impacts and damage - comparison of selected components for nuclear and conventional power plants (example of Mochovce nuclear power plant)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A comparison is given of ecological damage for the nuclear power plant in Mochovce and a conventional power plant with the same power. Ecological effects and damage are divided into three groups: comparable damage, ecological damage caused only by conventional power plants and ecological damage caused only by nuclear power plants. In the first group the factors compared are land requisition, consumption of utility water and air consumption. In the second group are enumerated losses of crops (cereals, sugar beet, potatoes, oleaginous plants) and losses caused by increased disease rate owing to polluted environment by conventional power plants. In the third group health hazards are assessed linked with ionizing radiation. Also considered are vent stack escapes. (E.S.)

  4. Part II. Chapter II. The basic task of a manager is to create the most favourable conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Here is an interview with Mr. Karol Cesnek (minister of economy of the Slovak Republic from August 27, 1996 up to February 26, 1998 and general director of the Slovenske elektrarne, a .s. from April 1, 1995 up to August 27, 1996) who is remembering about financing of construction of the Mochovce NPP.

  5. The biggest investment in the history of Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 11 June 2009 the General Director and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Slovenske elektrarne Paolo Ruzzini and the Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic Robert Fico announced the signature of contracts with the main suppliers for the completion of units 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant. Planned investment of Eur 2.775 billion by 2013 for the Mochovce completion is an important commitment for us and especially in this time, such investment can mitigate the impact of global slowdown in economic growth which impacts Slovakia but also other economies of the world. (author)

  6. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Enterprise Vojany power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This brochure describes the Enterprise Vojany power plant (SE-EVO) is described. This is brown coal burning ((EVO II) and natural gas or fuel oil burning (EVO I) power plant. Technical data in detail of SE-EVO as well as results of up-grade of the SE-EVO are presented

  7. SISTEM SONČNE ELEKTRARNE-MEHANSKA KONSTRUKCIJA SOLARNEGA PRETVORNIKA

    OpenAIRE

    Copot, Damjan

    2013-01-01

    V diplomskem delu so predstavljene posamezne komponente foto-napetostnih sistemov. Opisano je načrtovanje razporeditve elementov znotraj ohišja, ki temelji na trirazsežnem računalniškem modelu in zahtevah laboratorijskega prototipa. Vključen je tudi opis pretvornika navzgor in njegovih stikalnih elementov. Za slednje so izračunane stikalne in prevodne izgube. Ostale izgube pretvornika, ki se pretvorijo v toploto, pa smo poiskali z termalno kamero. Na podlagi teh rezultatov smo zasnovali model...

  8. ANALIZA IN NAČRTOVANJE SONČNE ELEKTRARNE

    OpenAIRE

    Gjura, Andrej

    2012-01-01

    Povzetek Znan je rek, da imamo okolje, naravo v posodo od svojih zanamcev. Zato ves razvoj stremi k razvijanju novih, obnovljivih virov energije, k razvijanju pridobivanja le-te iz okolja. Ti viri so relativno dosegljivi, potrebno je le znanje, drznost in zadostna podpora za to pristojnih institucij, da peljemo razvoj v željeno smer in odkrivamo nove dimenzije pridobivanja energije, kar bi posledično zmanjšalo izpust toplogrednih plinov, ohranilo in varovalo naravo ter zmanjšalo vsakodnev...

  9. Revitalisasi Madrasah Di Wilayah Eksplorasi Dan Eksploitasi Migas Blok Cepu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Nuril Huda

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article explains madrasah empowerment actions through a set of assistance processes at MI (Islamic elementary school Uyunul Ulum and MTs (Islamic secondary school Bahrul Ulum in the Village of Gayam in Bojonegoro. Through participatory action research approach, the process of assistance is intended to: 1 identify the impact of oil and gas exploration and exploitation towards the existence of madrasah in the Cepu Block; 2 formulate an appropriate model of madrasah empowerment in the oil and gas exploration area; 3 implement the appropriate assistance processes of madrasah empowerment in the area. The assistance processes cover a number of activities such as focused group discussion with the local communities, workshop of madrasah development, and facilitating activities for teachers and educational administrative staff members. The assistance has brought about the following results: 1 oil and gas exploration and exploitation have resulted in significant impact towards economic, cultural, and circumstantial changes; 2 madrasah plays a strategic role to create excellent generation based on Islamic values; 3 madrasah’s capacity should be strengthened in order to create outstanding human resource, curriculum, and means of education; 4 the assistance process should be continuously maintained in order to assure and increase the quality of madrasah.

  10. Not only by the Slovak roads but by railway too

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conditioned radioactive wastes from Jaslovske Bohunice NPP and from the decommissioning process of the A-1 NPP are deposited in the Republic disposal site of radioactive wastes in Mochovce since 2000 year. These wastes are transported nowadays by the roads. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) are implementing new model of transport of dangerous expenditures. During 2005 radioactive wastes open to transport not only by the Slovak roads but by railway too. For needs of transport three special wagons and 12 transport-operating frames were manufactured, which will serve for fixation during all transport cycle. Within one transport 12 containers will be transported by the same mail. At the transhipment station in Mochovce they will be reloaded on the lorry-trailer combination, which will transport them by the road to the object of the disposal site

  11. Equipment ageing management at the Mochovce nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NPP's first document dealing with ageing management procedures and responsibilities was issued in 1996, hence, before any of the units was operable. The concept described in the document is highlighted in the article. The description encompasses the responsibility system, procedures to set up ageing management programmes for the various equipment items, and co-operation among the various departments in implementing the ageing management programmes. The Ageing Diagnosis and Management department has available both hardware and software to fulfil the ageing management programmes. (author)

  12. Living near a nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The need to expand nuclear power and its advantages are discussed publicly nearly each week. According to politicians and the nuclear lobby investing tens of billions Sk at Mochovce will bring Slovakia the often cited 'independence and energy self-sufficiency'. It will also mean profit for Slovenske elektrarne and the company's shareholders - the state and Italian company, Enel. In addition to the lively discussion on the pros and cons of nuclear energy, TREND was also interested in the living conditions around the concrete and strictly guarded, potentially dangerous plants and in the opinion of the people most affected by Mochovce and Jaslovske Bohunice on expansion of the existing and the building of new nuclear power plants. The construction of nuclear powers stations in these regions was not only about new jobs. The state 'prescribed' iodine pills and did not allow any construction in the region and, in the case of Mochovce, ordered the complete demolition of a village. The only thing that remained from Mochovce village was the church. 'And when it was found that the power plant would not reach it, it was even given a new roof. Former inhabitants, especially the older ones that had problems accepting the evacuation, used to visit it often,' explained Jan Foldy, the head of the local municipality in Kalna nad Hronom. After many years, life in the neighbouring villages is not bad. Their budgets are overflowing and so they can afford to spoil their inhabitants with free cable TV and high standard sport facilities, which should partly compensate for the fact that the people are living so close to a nuclear facility. (authors)

  13. Environmental report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Environmental Report contains the results of the joint stock company Slovenske Elektrarne (SE) in relation to the natural environment primarily for the year 2003, but it also lets us compare results with preceding years. In 2003 Slovenske Elektrarne generated a total of 26,048 GWh of electricity. In terms of the market share in the Slovak Republic, this volume accounts for almost 84 % of electricity produced. Despite an extremely dry year, when outages in production of hydropower plants were 23 % more than planned, we managed to maintain the share of production from nuclear and hydroelectric power plants at a level in excess of 80 %. The outages in production at the hydro plants meant above all that we had to increase the output of thermal plants. Despite this fact, thanks to the ecologization of units we kept up the trend of progressively reducing the volume of production of basic pollutants, which is our long-term goal. This report contains the following headings: (1) Address by the Chairman of the SE Board; (2) Environmental Policy of join-stock company SE; (3) Atmospheric protection; (4) Water management; (5) Waste management; (6) Environmental management system in SE, a.s.; (7) Funding for environmental protection; (8) Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant SE-EBO; (9) Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant SE-EMO; (10) The Facility for decommissioning of nuclear facilities, radioactive waste and spent fuel management SE-VYZ; (11) Vojany Power Plant SE-EVO; (12) Novaky Power Plant SE-ENO; (13) Hydroelectric Power Plants SE-VE; (14) Units 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant SE-MO 34

  14. Growers throw away money by fertilising on automatic pilot (interview with Chris Blok)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bezemer, J.; Blok, C.

    2013-01-01

    Growers can fertilise much more precisely and effectively. It’s been proven already that the plant uses fertiliser much more efficiently if the fertiliser system takes into account the measured requirements of the crop. Better utilisation has many benefits: lower emissions into the environment and s

  15. Chance for young nuclear professionals in Slovenske Elektrarne, member of Enel Group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Main areas and opportunities for young nuclear professionals: → Further increase of safety of NPPs in operation and → Construction of two new NPP units; → Safety and efficiency of NPP decommissioning and radwaste treatment; → CENTA and R&D; → Prototype of gas cooled fast-breader reactor - ALLEGRO. Gas-cooled fast reactor (GFR) is one of the Generation IV reactor concepts and represents one of the three European candidate for fast reactor types. Conclusions: • Human resources are key assets for nuclear organization; • Knowledge of nuclear technology be managed as a resource; • Support of young nuclear professionals is our commitment

  16. ANALISIS PERCOBAAN FAKTORIAL UNTUK MELIHAT PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN ALAT PERAGA BLOK ALJABAR TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR ALJABAR SISWA

    OpenAIRE

    NI PUTU AYU MIRAH MARIATI; NI LUH PUTU SUCIPTAWATI; KARTIKA SARI

    2013-01-01

    The experimental design was applied in research in many different fields of science, such as in education, as used in this study. Block algebra visual aids is a visual aids in the form of the geometry model used to concretize understanding the variables and constants in the algebra which is an abstract concept. This visual aids are used as a basis for factoring algebraic forms. In connection with this, the aims of this research is to determine the effect of the application of algebra block i...

  17. ANALISIS PERCOBAAN FAKTORIAL UNTUK MELIHAT PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN ALAT PERAGA BLOK ALJABAR TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR ALJABAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NI PUTU AYU MIRAH MARIATI

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The experimental design was applied in research in many different fields of science, such as in education, as used in this study. Block algebra visual aids is a visual aids in the form of the geometry model used to concretize understanding the variables and constants in the algebra which is an abstract concept. This visual aids are used as a basis for factoring algebraic forms. In connection with this, the aims of this research is to determine the effect of the application of algebra block in student academic achievement in class VII in the field of algebra in schools categorized as private, SSN (Sekolah Standar Nasional and the previously categorized RSBI (Rintisan Sekolah Bertaraf Internasional. The method of analysis used in this study was two-factor experimental design in a randomized block design. The results showed that the academic achievement of students in the field of algebra after learning with block algebra visual aids obtained better than the academic achievement of students who received learning without using block algebra visual aids. Moreover, it also shows that the categories of schools have a significant effect on student achievement.

  18. PRAYER IN ALEXANDER BLOK'S LYRIC POETRY ("A GIRL WAS SINGING IN THE CHURCH CHOIR..."

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Aleksandrovna Spiridonova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the genre clash of a prayer and stanzas in Alexander Blok’s poem A girl was singing in the church choir... (1905. Prayer is the main ecclesiastical source, shaping the poem’s lyric model. The genre canon of stanzas with the strophes detached substantially and compositionally, transforms the central musical theme into four scene-developments linked by dissonance. Each of the strophes in A girl was singing in the church choir... has its own semantic point (prayer – singings – illusion – enlightenment and reveals a different content of the event, intensifies and develops the tragic theme of two worlds, intended and unintended substitutions, spiritual quest and time losses. Blok’s stanzas are poetic evidence of a modern man’s exit from a prayerful concentration. The model of “conflicting synthesis” of ecclesiastical and literary genres reflects the religious/mystical opposition in symbolism aesthetics and strengthens the tragic pathos of Blok’s lyric poetry.

  19. ZAŠČITA SONČNIH ELEKTRARN PRED POSLEDICAMI UDARA STRELE

    OpenAIRE

    Mešiček, Aljaž

    2011-01-01

    Sončni generator predstavlja glavni del investicije v sončno elektrarno. Zaradi velike cene in tudi izpostavljenosti sončnega generatorja (strehe …) ga moramo dobro zaščititi pred neposrednimi udari strele. Pri dimenzioniranju strelovodnega sistema moramo biti pozorni tudi na vpliv zaščitnega sistema na sončni generator (senčenje …). Diplomsko delo opisuje zaščito sončnega generatorja pred udarom strele, probleme pri določanju in dimenzioniranju strelovodnega sistema. Opira se na veljavne ...

  20. PRIMERJAVA IZRAČUNA SENČENJA SONČNE ELEKTRARNE Z MERITVAMI

    OpenAIRE

    Železnik, Dejan

    2012-01-01

    Izkoriščanje sonca je v zadnjem času vedno bolj pogosto. Sonce, večni jedrski reaktor, je praktično neizčrpen vir obnovljive energije. Čist in donosen vir, ki nam lahko zagotovi pomemben del energije za naše potrebe. Energija, ki jo sonce seva na zemljo, je 15.000 krat večja od energije, kot jo porabi človek. To je energija, ki se obnavlja, ne onesnažuje okolja in je hkrati brezplačna. Zato, mora biti cilj izkoriščati to energijo v največjem možnem obsegu. Da bi sonce lahko čim boljše izkori...

  1. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Green Bank Telescope observations of NGC 2403 (de Blok+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Blok, W. J. G.; Keating, K. M.; Pisano, D. J.; Fraternali, F.; Walter, F.; Oosterloo, T.; Brinks, E.; Bigiel, F.; Leroy, A.

    2014-08-01

    We observed NGC 2403 with the Green Bank Telescopes in the 21-cm line of neutral hydrogen, in 21 sessions between 29 May and 30 September 2009. The beam size of the observations is 8.7'. We include a FITS file containing the data-cube (pos-pos-vel) of the HI emission line of NGC 2403. We used equatorial coordinates for the spatial dimensions and VLSR for the spectral dimension. The pixel size is 1.75' in spatial dimension and the spectral resolution is 5.2km/s. All values are in Jy/beam. The data-cube spans an area of about 4x4 degrees (RAxDec) around the center of the maps at 07:35:29.9 +65:35:48.5 (EQ=J2000) and the velocity ranges from -895.6 to 1745.0km/s. (2 data files).

  2. VUEZ. Annual report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2006 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Company profile; (3) Organisational structure; (4) Portfolio of products and services in 2006; (5) Quality management system; (6) Human resources; (7) Financial statements and auditor's report; (8) Auditor's certificate; (9) Basic and contact data. The year 2006 was a year of changes in the Slovak energy sector what, in a certain degree, became evident also in the related sphere of supplies. In the course of the year, Slovenske elektrarne a.s. Company was divided into two entities and its proprietary structure was changed. At the same time, the number of capital investment projects was reduced and the related procedure of procurement was changed. VUEZ, as a supplier to the energy sector, had to promptly respond to the changes. That was why in the first half of 2006, the organisational structure of VUEZ was modified. In the course of the year, also the structure of customers on the domestic market was partly changed. To stable partners such as Slovenske elektrarne (and its successors after the company splitting), another important partner was added - Vodohospodarska vystavba s.p. Bratislava. As to Slovenske elektrarne, our supplies were oriented mainly on nuclear reactor units in the Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce NPPs. At the end of the year, a joint convention was agreed and concluded on application of the results of the joint research at third parties. In the preparation for the decommissioning of the Jaslovske Bohunice V1 NPP, VUEZ continued its participation in on-going projects of an international consortium of companies. Similarly important were the customers such as CEZ a.s., Czech Republic (in particular its Dukovany NPP), and the Paks NPP (Hungary)

  3. Annex V. Project re-start management experience Mochovce unit 3 and 4 NPP, Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this report is to describe the re-starting phase of DNPP MO 34 Project, mainly focusing on management issues. The report consists of three main parts dealing with the Project management organization during the three different periods of the of DNPP re-starting process. The first part (Chapter 2) begins with the general background information about the NPP and then focuses on the pre-feasibility and feasibility study. The second part (chapter 3) deals with the current status of the plant and it stresses the main steps of the DNPP Project resuming after completion of the feasibility study. The third part (Chapter 4) outlines the main issues related to the criticality of a typical DNPP Project (e.g. preservation and maintenance of equipments, updating to technological and regulatory requirements, human resources, protection of design documentation, etc.) and the measures implemented in MO 34. The hereby presented content reflects the experience and good practices concerning the following main management issues: - project control measures; - human resources; - preservation and maintenance of site installations, structures and equipment; - updating of the whole Project to meet licensing requirements and technology upgrades; - preservation of Project documentation. (author)

  4. The granolites from Tanquinho blok, Bahia - Example of metamorphic and metassomatic evolution in a magmatic sequence, during the Transamazonic cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Petrographic and geochemical study of the granulitic rocks from Tanquinho block, in NE of Bahia state, Brazil. The petrographic analysis showed four differents groups of granulitic rocks. This work explains, through the minerals coexistence, through the time of its inclusion in the rocks and by the minerals transformation process, the kind of the rocks facies and the transformation process it was subfected. Through the geochemical observation of the different elements, like Na, Al and K conduct, wich showed be the rock from magmatic origin. The elements observation, like Zr, Ti, Nb and Y, permit classify the rock complex in a sublakaline serie, diversified by the fractional crystallization process. The variable elements conduct - K, Na, Rb and Si, showed the important migration which is perfectly concordant with the petrographic observations. (C.D.G.)

  5. Application of modern measuring and data processing instrumentation in the construction of cooling towers in the Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The specifications are presented of the cooling tower and the calculation is described of the permissible geometric shape deviation. The polar method was used in laying out the cooling tower and the process was based on the local layout network. The least squares method was used in calculating and aligning the coordinates. Digital theodolites were used in measuring the profile. The instruments allowed automating the collection and processing of the measured data. (E.J.)

  6. VUEZ. Annual report 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2008 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Company profile; (3) Portfolio of products and service 2007; (4) Quality management system; (5) Organisational Structure; (6) Human resources; (7) Financial statements and auditor's report; (8) Basic and contact data; (9) Contact data. The year 2007 was arduous and, with regard to contracts and projects performed and related profits, also successful for VUEZ, a.s. On the domestic market, our principal customers have bee companies such as Slovenske elektrarne - Enel, Bratislava, in its locations of Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce, Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, Jaslovske Bohunice, and Vodohospodarska vystavba, Bratislava. Equally important customers for our company have been operators of foreign nuclear power plants, namely CEZ, a.s. (Czech Republic) and the Paks NPP (Hungary). In the course of 2007, negotiations and offer proceedings were initiated with WWER nuclear power plants in Ukraine and Russia

  7. Perbandingan antara Kombinasi Bupivakain 0,125% dan Dexmedetomidin 1 µg/Kgbb dengan Bupivakain 0,125% Melalui Blok Kaudal Terhadap Lama Analgesi Pascaoperasi Hipospadia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sardinata

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Caudal blockage is the most frequently used regional anestesia technique in pediatric surgery. Various local anesthetic agents have been frequently used in this technique. Bupivacaine is one of the most used local anesthetics due to its long duration of action. Dexmedetomidin is an α2agonist that is used as adjuvant in lengthening bupivacaine duration when it is administered via caudal blockage. In increasing its effectiveness, the combination of bupivacaine with dexmedetomidin in low concentrationd and low dose can be given. This study was performed to assess the postoperative analgesia duration using caudal blockage between the combined 0.125% bupivacaine-1µg/Kg BW dexmedetomidin and 0.125% bupivacaine solely in pediatric patients having hypospadic surgery. The study was applied to 30 pediatric patients with ASA I and II physical status, and aged 1-6 years that received hypospadic surgery with general anesthesia, to whom caudal blockage applied postoperatively. The patients were divided into two groups. One group (BD group was treated using the combined 0.125% bupivacaine-1 µg/Kg BW dexmedetomidin (0.5 cc/kg BW, the other group (B group was treated with 0.125% bupivacaine (0.5 cc/kb BW as control group. Postoperative analgesia duration was recorded. The data of the study results were assessed using Mann-Whitney test. Postoperative analgesia duration of BD group (863.0 [36.34] minutes was very significantly (p<0.001 longer than that in B group (378.08 [37.87] minutes. The conclusion of this study indicated that the use of combined 0.125% bupivacaine-1 µg/Kg BW dexmedetomidin for caudal blockage as analgetic agent after hypospadic surgery resulted longer analgesia duration than that of 0.125% bupivacaine solely

  8. Growers forget the needs of the crop: More accurate feeding: lower runoff emissions and better use of fertilisers (interview a.o. with Chris Blok)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bezemer, J.; Blok, C.

    2012-01-01

    Fertilisers received a lot of attention when growers first started using substrates. Since then the nutritional requirements of the plant have been largely driven by the need to reduce runoff emissions. In addition, more efficient use of fertilisers is playing a role. Until now growers went along wi

  9. Kajian Total Productive Maintenance Pada Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Gas Dan Uap Blok I St 1.0 Sicanang Belawan Dengan Metode Overall Equipment Effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Sitanggang, Hasber F. H.

    2015-01-01

    PT. PLN (Persero) is a company engaged in the producer of electrical energy which is inseparable from the effectiveness of machinery and equipment problems caused by the six big losses. The impact of these problems will interfere with the machine work in accordance with the results that should be achieved. Hence the need for special attention regarding the maintenance and care of the machine with the purpose of the machine is capable of committing a longer production process and generate a p...

  10. Monitoring of I-131 after Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster and a correction of contribution of I-131 in the discharges of Slovenske elektrarne, Bohunice nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After the earthquake and subsequent tsunami in March 2011 Fukushima nuclear power reactors in Japan were damaged. As a result of damage of reactors escaped into air iodine radioactive isotopes which were dispersed by air masses over Europe and Slovakia. Isotope I-131 was identified in samples of the atmosphere and the abstraction of Radiation Control SE EBO. The air from the atmosphere contaminated with isotopes of iodine from the Fukushima ventilation systems that do not contain iodine filters, sucked into the interior of the controlled area, then released in organised way and then measured in the ventilation chimneys of EBO NPP. The measured values thus entered a balance of radioactive discharges. Drain of I-131 from SE EBO was in that period plus a contribution coming from Fukushima NPP and measured activity I-131 had to be corrected.

  11. Pengaruh Higiene dan Sanitasi Lingkungan terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Tuberkulosis Paru pada Warga Binaan Pemasyarakatan di Blok D Rumah Tahanan Negara Klas I Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Masdalena

    2012-01-01

    Cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in Medan City 2010 noted as 918 people with prevalence as 45,9/100,000 population. Based on preliminary surveys in the Class I State Penitentiary Medan in 2010, found 59 inmates suffering from lung tuberculosis and 14 of them suffering from lung tuberculosis after became inmates. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of environmental sanitation and hygiene on the incident of lung tuberculosis in the inmates of Block D at the Class I State ...

  12. VUEZ. Annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2003 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Mission and vision; (3) Basic data; (4) Product portfolio and customer services; (5) VUEZ - Quality mark; (6) Economic data; (7) Auditor's certificate; (8) Contact persons and addresses. In 2003, a number of important events took place in VUEZ. From the standpoint of international activities, a significant event was VUEZ involvement in the process or the preparation for the V-1 NPP decommissioning. VUEZ company became a subcontractor to the Consultant to the Project Management Unit who is an international Consortium consisting of Iberdrola Ingenieria Y Consultoria S.A., Electricite de France, Empresarios Agrupados Intemacional S.A. and Soluziona Ingenierfa S.A. In the field of experimental research, activities within the research and development project with IRSN Paris were successfully continuing. As to increasing the leak-tightness of NPP hermetic compartments, relevant works were executed at the Dukovany and Paks NPPs. For a business partner from Hungary, a project was initiated related to the manufacture and delivery of air locks. Predominant VUEZ capacities concentrated on Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) a.s. Company in the Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce sites. In addition to major sealing works and periodical integrated leakage rate tests at individual reactor units, VUEZ participated also in the upgrading of the V-2 NPP. Design work was implemented through ADVING, a daughter company of VUEZ; erection and installation works within the project were performed by relevant VUEZ departments during refuelling outages at the V-2 NPP

  13. Environmental report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the tenth Environmental Report we have been regularly issuing annually since 1996 in order to give you information about our efforts and activities taken in the environmental protection area and, at the same time, to keep the mutual dialogue on a standard high level. The year 2005 was not easy for Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. Our company was subject to complicated internal changes to implement as effective company management model as possible. We strove, above all, to enhance the process management system that had already been developed previously. It is true that we also had to resolve personnel matters when looking for an effective power engineering company management model and we had to part from many of our colleagues during that stage. The second priority task we faced was to make preparations for the takeover of our company by the Italian company ENEL, S.p.A., and to complete the privatization process covering 66 % of Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., stock. It was especially the second half of 2005 that brought very intensive mutual discussions and working negotiations held on all management levels. The third, but not less significant, task consisted in detaching the assets which would not be covered by the privatization, namely to detach the Set of Gabcikovo Hydro Power Plants, to detach the VYZ - Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations, Radioactive Treatment and Spent Fuel Management Plant and the EBO V-1 Plant. Despite relatively complicated conditions and the opened and liberalized market in the Slovak Republic, our company produced 26,470,901 MWh of electricity whereby the target was met to 115.00 %. Our company kept the stability of the electric power supply system of the Slovak Republic, despite a complicated situation in the area of electric power supplies in Europe. We can really state that we produced in a safe, reliable, ecological and economical manner. The reliable operations of nuclear power plants in Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce where 17

  14. Upaya Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Dalam Mengelola Sampah Anorganik Melalui Bank Sampah(Studi Kasus : Di Bank Sampah Simpan Jadi Emas Lingkungan V Blok B Lorong II Kelurahan Belawan Sicanang Kecamatan Medan Belawan)

    OpenAIRE

    Mujahiddin

    2015-01-01

    This research will in the foreground by the ever increasing waste production numbers from year to year, especially in the city of Medan. If waste management cannot be performed optimally will certainly have an impact on the environment and public health itself. If seen through the eyes of socio-economic, waste management a less well may form environment unpleasant for people like the appearance of the unpleasant smell and influential to the visits of tourism, and the fall in public health tha...

  15. Centres of scientific, technical and economic information in newly established organizations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The establishment and development of the information centre operating within the Mochovce nuclear power plant are described. The centre operates librarian, documentation and publication services. (E.S.)

  16. FOTONAPETOSTNI SISTEM V OMREŽNEM IN OTOČNEM NAČINU DELOVANJA

    OpenAIRE

    Bohorč, Mitja

    2015-01-01

    V diplomskem delu je obravnavan fotonapetostni sistem elektrarne, katerega princip delovanja se razlikuje od klasičnih fotonapetostnih elektrarn, saj omogoča omrežni in otočni način delovanja. V diplomskem delu je podan opis fotonapetostne elektrarne, ki obsega tudi osnovne opise fotonapetostnih celic, modulov in razsmernikov. Ker je tema diplomskega dela omrežno-otočni fotonapetostni sistem, delo vključuje tudi osnovni opis o solarnih baterijah (akumulatorjih). V nadaljevanju je predstavljen...

  17. Slovak National Prize for Quality 2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Competition for the Slovak National Prize for Quality is a milestone in the history of the Mochovce NPP. The Mochovce NPP won the prize in 2004. The article describes in detail the preparatory efforts including not only technological issues but also various administrative challenges. The impacts of this achievement on the plant's subsequent development are also highlighted. (orig.)

  18. Safety of nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes all nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic. It informs the public about the safety of nuclear installations. The spent fuel activities and nuclear wastes storage matters are discussed separately ((NPP Bohunice V-1, NPP Bohunice V-2, NPP Mochovce, NPP Bohunice A-1, Radioactive wastes repository Mochovce, Interim spent fuel storage Bohunice)

  19. Sale of electricity to households

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Company Slovenske elektrarne (SE) Predaj has after two years of presence in the market expanded their business activities to the households segment. The first customers can be particularly employees of Slovenske elektrarne. This chance will be provided to them starting from 1 October of this year. 'The electricity supplies for households will only be supplementary segment of sales at SE Predaj Company. We will still focus mainly at businesses with higher consumption,' says director of the Company Mr. Stanislav Reguli. (author)

  20. STARANJE SREDNJE IN NIZKO NAPETOSTNIH KABLOV V JEDRSKI ELEKTRARNI KRŠKO

    OpenAIRE

    Pisanec, Jernej

    2011-01-01

    Globalno segrevanje ozračja s toplogrednimi plini, druga okoljska onesnaženja ter pomanjkanje fosilnih goriv so razlog, da stremimo k uporabi jedrskih in drugih alternativnih oblik energije za proizvodnjo električne energije. Jedrske elektrarne veljajo ob normalnih obratovalnih pogojih za ene izmed najbolj varnih, zanesljivih in predvsem čistih virov električne energije, ki razen z jedrskimi odpadki dodatno ne obremenjujejo okolja. Na varno obratovanje jedrskih elektrarn imajo velik vpl...

  1. Městský blok mezi ulicemi Údolni, Úvoz, Tvrdého, Všetičkova a Jiřikovskeho v Brně Podtitul: Ulice Údolni - urbanistické otazníky

    OpenAIRE

    Jánošíková, Zuzana

    2016-01-01

    Mým prvním zadáním bylo řešit ulici Údolní z hlediska urbanismu. Vytipovat kladné a záporné oblasti a místa. A navrhnout jejich řešení i v návaznosti na historii. Po analýzách a důkladném prozkoumání ulice, jsem našla několik nedostatkových míst. Prvním je prostor naproti Obilnému trhu + areál ombudsmana. Podle mého názoru se tato stavba sem nehodí a nahradila bych ji bytovými domy s obchodním parterem, tak jak tomu bylo i v minulosti. V nedávné době vybudovaná zahrada, která spojuje park na ...

  2. Environment report 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental impacts of activities carried out by the Slovak Electric, plc is presented. These impacts are reported under the following headings: (1) Statement of the Chairman of the Board of directors; (2) Environmental policies of Slovak Electric Joint Stock Company; (3) Atmospheric Protection; (4) Water management; (5) Waste management; (6) Environmental management system of SE, a. s.; (7) Financial of the protection of the environment; (8) NPP Bohunice, o. z., Jaslovske Bohunice; (9) NPP Mochovce, o. z., Mochovce; (10) Decommissioning of nuclear installations, BSC RAO, o. z., Jaslovske Bohunice; (11) Thermal Power Station Vojany, o. z., Vojany; (12) Thermal Power Station Novaky, o. z., Zemianske Kostolany; (13) Thermal Energetic Kosice, o. z., Kosice; (14) Hydroelectric Power Plants Trencin, o. z., Trencin; (15) Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina, o. z., Dobsina; (16) Transmissive System, o. z., Bratislava; (17) 3rd and 4th block of the NPP Mochovce, o. z., Mochovce

  3. Part I. Chapter IV. Coldness is coming from Wienna

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this chapter author reviewed a political pressure of Austrian government and Austrian legislative assembly on Slovakia before fuel assembly insertion and commissioning of the Unit-1 of the Mochovce NPP. Mission of Walkdown II is described.

  4. Correlations between radiographic assessments and MRI features of knee osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbergsen, H.; Lohmander, L. S.; Jones, G.;

    2013-01-01

    an outpatient clinic (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00655941). Inclusion criteria were age ≥50 years, body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m(2) plus symptomatic and verified KOA. 1.5 T MRI scans were assessed using BLOKS and bi-plane radiography by mJSW and KL. Statistics used were Spearman rank correlation coefficients......OBJECTIVES: To assess correlations between Kellgren & Lawrence Gradings (KL), minimum joint space width measurements (mJSW) and the Boston-Leeds Osteoarthritis of the Knee Score (BLOKS) within a cohort of obese patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). METHODS: 192 participants were recruited from....... RESULTS: The average patient was 63 years of age, female and had a BMI of 37. KL gradings correlated to cartilage damage, bone marrow lesions and meniscus pathology (r=0.15-0.76) and similar results were found for the relationship between BLOKS and mJSW. BLOKS assessed knee joint pathology co...

  5. SE-VYZ - Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations, Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentations processes of radioactive waste treatment in the Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Center (SE-VYZ), Jaslovske Bohunice are presented. Decommissioning of the A-1 NPP is also presented. Disposal of conditioned radioactive waste in fibre concrete containers (FCC) are transported to Mochovce from Jaslovske Bohunice by the transport truck where are reposited in the National radioactive waste repository Mochovce. The Interim spent fuel storage facility (ISFSF) is included into this presentation

  6. KAKOVOST ELEKTRIČNE ENERGIJE PROIZVEDENE S SONČNIMI ELEKTRARNAMI TERMOELEKTRARNE BRESTANICA

    OpenAIRE

    Senica, Domen

    2011-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava meritev kakovosti električne energije sončnih elektrarn Termoelektrarne Brestanica (TEB), MFE TEB1, MFE TEB2 ter MFE TEB3. V uvodnih poglavjih so razložene značilnosti sončne energije, sončno sevanje ter fotonapetostni pojav. Na kratko so opisane vrste sončnih elektrarn, predstavljena vloga njihovih gradnikov, razložena pretvorba enosmerne napetosti v izmenično s pulzno-širinsko modulacijo, priklop ter odkup električne energije pridobljene iz sončnega vira. Diplomsko ...

  7. The company's management puts priority on safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 29-30 June, 2006, the training for workers of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. was organized to explain the most important management safety aspects on leadership awareness (Nuclear Leadership Awareness Course). The course was held at the regional consultation center in Jaslovske Bohunice. (author)

  8. Electricity producer SE decided to solve crisis through offensive

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Instalment payments in this and the coming two years amount to 32 billion Sk (762.8 mn Euro) - that is about 60 percent of the overall credit burden of the electricity producer Slovenske elektrarne (SE). And so the situation from three years ago is repeating itself - a new financial department of the company is expected to lead the company out of the substantial cash-flow crisis caused by credit burden. This difficulties have been caused by decisions taken by state like building of power plant in Mochovce. Minister Nemcsics will not be in the position to complete his ambition to direct the activities of SE, his successor will need time to find his way and so the solution stays in hands of the company management. Where will they look for the necessary recourses? The operation generates virtually no cash-flow increase - reminds General Manager for Economy and Finances, Milos Sujansky. What the manager considers a possible solution is loan restructuring. 'We have to review the whole loan portfolio in order to eliminate the pressure caused by the necessity to repay the debts in 2004 and the beginning of 2005 and that would allow as to survive in a relatively normal state,' unveils the company plans M. Sujansky. That would mean postponing the instalment payments until 2007. Before this strategy was prepared the existing debts had to be analysed. The results of this analysis showed 'an inconsistent debt portfolio with many non-standard elements anchored in relevant contracts'. In the opinion of Director for External Financing this fact makes the loan management and decision making in regards to assets/liabilities structure difficult. 'When you have 35 different loans and every contract is different - communication and monitoring costs much effort,' he adds. According to an Auditors Report for 2002 prepared according to ISA standards even the share of third-party capital is high and inhomogeneous. The previous financial management managed to minimize the deficit. The fact

  9. AN INVENTORY OF Fissidens spp. (Fissidentaceae, Bryophyta IN CIBODAS BOTANIC GARDEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Aditya Putri Iskandar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Inventarisasi Fissidens spp. (Fissidentaceae, Bryophyta di Kebun Raya Cibodas telah dilakukan. Pengoleksian dilakukan pada blok-blok yang ada di Kebun Raya Cibodas dan karakteristik dari setiap lokasi pengoleksian dicatat. Sebanyak enam puluh tujuh koleksi berhasil dikumpulkan dan diidentifikasi, yang mencakup 40% dari jenis-jenis yang disebutkan oleh Fleischer (1900-1902. Kunci determinasi menuju jenis-jenis Fissidens disajikan pula. Tiga jenis catatan baru dari Cibodas dilaporkan pada makalah ini, yaitu F. perpusillus, F. bryoides subsp. schmidii dan F. obscurirete.

  10. Proceedings of the 1st French-Czechoslovak conference on energy utilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proceedings contain 30 contributions, 2 of which have been inputted in INIS; these deal with nuclear power in Czechoslovakia (particularly in Slovakia), safety problems of WWER type reactors, and problems associated with the lack of funds to complete the construction of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. (M.D.)

  11. Case law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This section treats of the two following case laws: Slovak Republic: Further developments in cases related to the challenge by Greenpeace Slovakia to the Mochovce nuclear power plant; United States: Judgment of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission denying requests from petitioners to suspend final reactor licensing decisions pending the issuance of a final determination of reasonable assurance of permanent disposal of spent fuel

  12. Environmental Risk Limits for mineral oil (Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons)

    OpenAIRE

    Verbruggen EMJ; SEC

    2004-01-01

    In dit rapport zijn maximaal toelaatbare risiconiveaus en "serious risk concentrations" voor ecosystemen afgeleid voor minerale olie ("total petroleum hydrocarbons"). De gebruikte methode berust op een benadering met analyse van fracties, waarbij de alifatische en aromatische stoffen apart worden beschouwd en beide verder worden verdeeld in verschillende fracties. Voor elke fractie of blok zijn aparte risicogrenzen afgeleid. De "toxic unit" benadering moet worden...

  13. Mitigation Theme Report: Energy Efficiency : Contribution to the MCA4climate initiative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Visser, Erika; Blok, K.

    2011-01-01

    Striving for energy efficiency means trying to obtain a certain result with a minimum of input (Schipper and Meyers, 1992; Blok, 2007). As energy is used to fulfil human needs, one may define the energy efficiency of an activity as the degree to which given human needs can be fulfilled with a minimu

  14. Parent perceived quality of life is age-dependent in children with food allergy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wassenberg, Jacqueline; Cochard, Marie-Madeleine; DunnGalvin, Audrey; Ballabeni, Pierluigi; Flokstra-de Blok, Bertine M. J.; Newman, Christopher J.; Hofer, Michael; Eigenmann, Philippe A.

    2012-01-01

    To cite this article: Wassenberg J, Cochard M-M, DunnGalvin A, Ballabeni P, Flokstra-de Blok BMJ, Newman CJ, Hofer M, Eigenmann PA. Parent perceived quality of life is age-dependent in children with food allergy. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: 23: 412419. Abstract Background: Food allergy in children

  15. Hvorfor støtter det eleverne at bevæge sig fysisk på en tallinje?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejersbo, Lisser Rye

    2014-01-01

    Som reaktion på min forrige blok, vil jeg her uddybe og begrunde, hvorfor det er en god ide, at lade eleverne få kropslige oplevelser med tallinjen. Det drejer sig bl.a. om fænomenet SNARC, der er en forkortelse for ‘Spatical Numerical Association of Response Codes’, og som på godt dansk betyder...

  16. Hidradenitis suppurativa : From pathogenesis to emerging treatment options

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dickinson-Blok, Janine Louise

    2015-01-01

    Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disease that is characterized by inflammation of the hair follicles. The cause of HS is largely unknown and the disease remains difficult to treat. Mrs. Janine Dickinson-Blok studied the pathogenesis of HS and the efficacy of existing and emerging ther

  17. Fertile grounds for extreme right-wing parties : Explaining the Vlaams Blok’s electoral success

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coffé, Hilde; Heyndels, Bruno; Vermeir, Jan

    2007-01-01

    The Vlaams Blok is one of the most successful extreme right-wing parties in Europe. We empirically identify contextual determinants that contribute to its political success in the municipal elections of October 8th, 2000 in Flanders. The use of the Tobit II estimator allows disentangling the party’s

  18. Five question to... Stanislav Reguli, chairman of the board of directors and general director of the GovCo, joint-stock association

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the interview with the MR. Stanislav Reguli, chairman of the board of directors and general director of the GovCo, joint-stock association is published. The state company GovCo, a.s. was originated on April 1, 2006. Process of severance of property from the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., personnel management of new company as well as organisation of property management are presented

  19. Izdelava in eksperimentalno preizkušanje dvo-osnega fotonapetostnega sledilnega sistema

    OpenAIRE

    Kavšek, Domen

    2015-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava izdelavo in eksperimentalno preizkušanje sledilnega dvo-osnega fotonapetostnega sistema. Delovanje sledilnega dvo-osnega fotonapetostnega sistema je ovrednoteno s primerjavo s fiksnim fotonapetostnim sistemom. Oba fotonapetostna sistema sta velikosti mikro fotonapetostnih elektrarn. Na podlagi dnevnih meritev, opravljenih na sledilnem in fiksnem mikro fotonapetostnem sistemu, naloga podaja primerjavo med proizvedeno električno, časovne poteke temperature modula, sončn...

  20. Predictive value of semi-quantitative MRI-based scoring systems for future knee replacement: data from the osteoarthritis initiative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Eng, John; Demehri, Shadpour [Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Musculoskeletal Radiology, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Baltimore, MD (United States); Zikria, Bashir [Johns Hopkins University, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Baltimore, MD (United States); Carrino, John A. [Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Radiology and Imaging, New York, NY (United States)

    2015-11-15

    To evaluate, in a confirmatory fashion, whether baseline and change from baseline to 24-month follow-up in cartilage damage, bone marrow lesions and meniscal damage are predictors of knee replacement (KR) in subjects with a high risk of osteoarthritis (OA), independent of the level of physical activity, symptom severity and radiographic abnormalities. Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative's (OAI) baseline and 24-month follow-up knee MRIs of 115 patients (age range: 45-78 years; 48 % female; BMI: 20.9-48.7) were analyzed. Cartilage, bone marrow and menisci were semi-quantitatively scored according to the Whole-Organ Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score (WORMS) and Boston-Leeds Osteoarthritis Knee Score (BLOKS) systems in all compartments. Baseline and 24-month interval changes in structural tissue damage assessed by BLOKS and WORMS were used as predictors of KR independent of clinical and radiographic parameters using Cox hazard analysis. Adjustments were performed for age, gender, BMI and physical activity (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly: PASE), Western Ontario and McMaster Questionnaire (WOMAC) total score and radiographic Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score. BLOKS and WORMS baseline cartilage scores were predictors of KR independent of the PASE, WOMAC and KL score. One score increase in the average baseline BLOKS full-thickness cartilage defect score was associated with a [hazard ratio (95 % CI)] 13.55 (3.61-50.89) times greater risk of KR independent of the PASE, WOMAC and KL score. Net reclassification improvements (NRIs) of the additional evaluation of 24-month follow-up MRI scores and assessment of changes were not significant for prediction of KR (NRI range: - 7.23 - 24.8 %). The BLOKS cartilage score for full-thickness cartilage defects had the highest hazard for KR. Follow-up MRI changes in structural tissue damage, detected by BLOKS and WORMS cartilage, bone marrow or meniscus scores (up to 24 months) had no significant predictive value in addition

  1. LESPRO - an expert system for the decision support in determination and suggestion of protective measures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A prototype expert system for advising emergency procedures for nuclear regulatory authority has been developed. The expert system ESPRO is known as goal oriented rule-based knowledge system. The system is based on emergency procedures developed in VUJE Trnava, Inc. for use by the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) of the Slovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority (NRA). The operation interpretation module uses the knowledge base of emergency procedures for the evaluation of source term and determination and suggestion of protective measures which is represented in the form of a Petri net model. Its verification and validation was done on the basis of the results of two exercises: joint exercise of ERC staff with Slovak Army Headquarters and full scale Mochovce NPP emergency exercise with use of the Mochovce NPP simulator. (author)

  2. Report on activities of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic and safety of nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic in 1997. Annual report 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) in 1997 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Foreword; (2) Role of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic; (3) Supervisory and assessment activities in activities; (3.1) NPP V-1 Bohunice; (3.2) NPP V-2 Bohunice; (3.3) NPP Mochovce; (3.4) NPP A-1 Bohunice; (3.5) Radioactive wastes repository in Mochovce; (3.6) Interim spent fuel storage in Jaslovske Bohunice; (4) Nuclear materials and physical protection; (5) Radioactive wastes; (6) Quality assurance; (7) Personnel qualification and training; (8) Emergency management; (9) Legislation; (10) International co-operation; (11) Public information; (12) Conclusions; (13) Appendices

  3. Rancang Bangun Aplikasi Pendataan Warga Banjar Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A A Kurnia Aditama

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Dewasa ini smartphone dengan sistem operasi android sedang menjadi tren, khususnya pada bidang teknologi komunikasi. Adanya smartphone dengan sistem operasi android dapat digunakan untuk mendukung upaya pemerintah dalam melakukan pendataan penduduk, khususnya pendataan warga banjar. Saat ini petugas masih menggunakan cara manual dengan menggunakan form pendataan dari kertas. Sehingga munculah masalah yaitu bagaimana membuat suatu aplikasi mobile android dengan memanfaatkan kode QR yang dapat digunakan untuk mempermudah dalam melakukan pendataan warga banjar. Aplikasi ini dikembangkan menggunakan sebuah tools dari Google yaitu App Inventor, dengan tools ini pemrograman dapat dilakukan seperti bermain puzzle dimana seorang programmer melakukan pemrograman dengan cara menyatukan blok-blok program yang telah disediakan pada App Inventor. Dengan adanya App Inventor ini dapat dibuat sebuah aplikasi pendataan warga banjar dengan memanfaatkan kode QR sebagai media untuk memempermudah dalam proses pendataan sehingga pendataan warga banjar dapat dilakukan dengan lebih cepat dan efisien.

  4. Determination of weighting factors and functions for WWER-440 ex-core neutron detectors using MCNP5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work the determination of weighting factors and functions for WWER-440 ex-core neutron detectors using MCNP5 is presented. Precise and complex whole-core model of the WWER-440 was developed in MCNP5 and applied for solution of various reactor-physical problems (NPP Bohunice and Mochovce). Determination of weighting factors and weighting functions was performed for the source range ex-core detector CPNB44 (NPP Bohunice). At present, database of spatial weighting factors is generated.

  5. Investigation and analysis of SSI effects in seismic response of NPPs EMO and EBO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This progress report outlines and describes the analysis and investigations of soil-structure interaction effects in seismic response of Bohunice and Mochovce nuclear power plants. The work carries out consists of theoretical-numerical analysis of soil-structure interaction and the description of the experimental results obtained so far. Investigations were performed for different soil conditions and recommendations were elaborated as to prepare and use long-term monitoring of vibration activity at the Bohunice NPP site

  6. Chapter 4. Assessment and inspection of safety at nuclear installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Supervisory activity of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) over the safety of nuclear installations in compliance with the 'Atomic Act' and other regulations includes also inspection and assessment activities of UJD. In 1999 the assessment activity were focused on newly constructed nuclear installations or their parts - Unit 2 of NPP Mochovce, National Repository of rad-waste in Mochovce, and the first phase of technology for treatment and conditioning of rad-waste in Jaslovske Bohunice. Inspection activity specified in the 'Atomic Act' is governed by internal guideline, an important part of which is an annual inspection plan that considers the routine inspections, special inspections, team inspections, and extraordinary inspections - there they are briefly described. Assessment as well as inspection activities in the NPP V-1 Bohunice, NPP V-2 Bohunice, NPP Mochovce, as well as NPP A-1 Bohunice (under decommissioning) are reviewed in detail. Assessment and inspection activities of UJD in the Interim spent fuel storage Bohunice, and in the nuclear facility 'Technology for treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste' Bohunice are described in detail, too. National radioactive waste repository Mochovce is determined for disposal low and intermediate radioactive waste. UJD issued a resolution on approval for commissioning of this nuclear facility in October 1999. VUJE bituminization facility was out of operation in 1999, The incinerator treated the burnable waste from NPP V-1 Bohunice. The technology of cementing sludge from NPP V-2 Bohunice was verified on cementing equipment. Assessment and inspection activities of UJD in 1999, which were completed by issuing UJD decisions are presented in the table form

  7. Radwaste Treatment Centre Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the Bohunice Radwaste Treatment Centre (BSC RAO) is presented. BSC RAO is designed to process and treat liquid and solid radwaste, arising from the NPP A-1 decommissioning, from NPPs V-1, V-2, and Mochovce operations, as well as institutional radwaste of diverse institutional (hospitals, research institutes) in the Slovak Republic. Transport, sorting, incineration, compacting, concentration and cementation of radwaste as well as monitoring of emission are described

  8. Use of PSA to prioritize NPP walk down activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows: an international team of experts, organized by the Institute of Risk Research of the Academic Senate of the University of Vienna, conducted a walk down assessment of the Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in May 1998. The Mochovce NPP is a VVER-440/213 station which has been in final construction and implementation of a safety improvement program since 1996. In preparation for the walk down, available plant design information was organized into a probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) format in order to assist in prioritizing walk down activities. The PSA was also used to understand the likely impact on core damage frequency (CDF) resulting from implementation of the safety improvement program. The PSA employed event trees from the Dukovany PSA, modified to represent the system designs at Mochovce, to assess internal hazards. External hazards were assessed based on an evaluation performed in 1995, with consideration given to upgrades planned to be implemented up to 1998. Failure events were identified directly based on the Dukovany PSA and other sources, and quantified using data from the Dukovany PSA, other non-Mochovce PSAs, and generic data. The PSA was used to identify a suite of dominant accident sequences from internal and external causes. The impact of safety improvements on these sequences was then assessed. The 'pre-fix' and 'post-fix' cases were compared to identify the change in risk due to implementation of the safety improvement program. Following the walk down, the 'post-fix' case was updated based on insights gained from the walk down. This revised case was used to aid in understanding the risk significance of issues identified during the walk down. (author)

  9. Radiochemical speciation of strontium and cesium in soils and influence of the zeolite on its migration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The dissertation deals with sorption and desorption characteristics of two significant radionuclides Sr-85 and Cs-137 in selected soil samples as well as from around of NPP Bohunice and NPP Mochovce which were examined. The dissertation consists from next chapters: (1) Introduction; (2) Present state of knowledge; (3) Materials and methods; (4) Results and discussion; (5) Conclusions; (6) Particular conclusions for the realisation in practice and for next development of the science

  10. Annual meeting on nuclear technology '96. Technical session: Advanced methods for operation, control and management of German nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The six papers of this session deal with experience, results and data obtained in nuclear power plant operation in Germany, and with the conclusions drawn relating to optimisation of maintenance work, insight drawn from reports on events and incidents in nuclear power plant, human factors engineering, or power plant life management. One paper discusses measures for safeguarding in the long run the functional integrity of the Mochovce-1 nuclear power station unit. (DG)

  11. Database marketing for energy conservation. Practice-oriented study; Databasemarketing voor energiebesparing. Praktijk gericht onderzoek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burghouts, H. [Energie Netwerk EN, Bilthoven (Netherlands); De Kleijn, B.; Van Leerdam, W. [Tangram Advies en Onderzoek, Zeist (Netherlands)

    2013-06-15

    In the 'Block by Block' project 13 local energy saving projects are supported in the development of concepts to realize large-scale energetic improvements of existing houses. In these projects the consortia develop strategies which are applied in the market. In addition, a number of projects is awarded with a so-called 'Green Deal' (agreements between governmental, public and private parties in the Netherlands). Part of the support is a knowledge and learning process. As part of the learning process a practice-oriented research has been carried out into the possibilities of database marketing (DBM) for energy conservation. The research focuses on the opportunities for DBM for energy savings and promising product-market combinations. The question is: can DBM contribute to improving the effectiveness of the 'Block by Block' projects? [Dutch] In het project 'Blok voor Blok' worden 13 lokale energiebesparingsprojecten gesteund bij de ontwikkeling van concepten ten behoeve van de grootschalige energetische verbetering van bestaande woningen. In deze projecten worden door de gevormde consortia strategieen ontwikkeld en uitgevoerd in de markt. Daarnaast is een aantal projecten gehonoreerd met een 'Green deal'. Onderdeel van de ondersteuning is een kennis- en leertraject. In het kader van het leertraject is een praktijk gericht onderzoek gedaan naar de mogelijkheden van databasemarketing (DBM) voor energiebesparing. Het onderzoek richt zich op de kansen voor DBM voor energiebesparing en kansrijke productmarktcombinaties. De vraag is: kan DBM bijdragen aan verbetering van de effectiviteit van projecten 'Blok voor Blok'?.

  12. Populasi dan Pola Sebaran Burung di Hutan Wanawisata Galunggung, Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat

    OpenAIRE

    W. Widodo

    2014-01-01

    Gunung Galunggung ketika erupsi tahun 1982 sebagian besar flora dan fauna yang ada disekitarnya luluh lantak. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui populasi dan pola sebaran burung-burung yang terdapat di kawasan Galunggung periode pemulihan pasca 31 tahun meletus.Metode “point count jarak tidak tetap” digunakan dalam penelitian ini Gunung Galunggung telah ditetapkan sebagai kawasan Wanawisata Galunggung sejak tahun. Penelitian dilakukan dengan membagi dalam 5 blok pengamatan. Sejumlah 80 titik pen...

  13. Поэзия Вадима Андреева и Даниила Андреева: к проблеме нацио- нального мирообраза

    OpenAIRE

    Daszewskaja, Olga

    2011-01-01

    The report presents an analysis of works of а Russian mystic poet and philosopher Daniel Andreev (1906–1959) and а European poet Vadim Andreev (1902–1976) as а phenomenon of 20th century's cultural development. Cross-cultural communication in the poets' works is combined with developed national identity. Vadim Andreev's poetry embodies national identity through developmeпt of motives representative for the Russian literature. Reconstituted world of the Russian literature (А. Pushkin, А. Blok,...

  14. 国际纺织品求购信息

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    国别:UNITED STATES美国 厂商:TITAN INTERNATIONAL IMPORT—EXPORT §CONSULTING CO。L 地址:IMES SAN SIT E—BLOK 504 SK.NO 51 YDUDULLU IMES SAN SIT 联系人E—SAADETTIN CAYO 51 Y DUDULLU IS-TANBUL TURKEY 电话:90—216—420—0920 传真:90—216—313—4419 国外进口:医院用床单

  15. BATA LEMPUNG BAHAN BANGUNAN DINDING ALTERNATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincentius Totok Noerwasito

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available "Bata lempung" is block of wall material, main basic material is sols contains 50-60% clay, pressed and molded, without combusted, used after 28 days and production doesn't depend climates. "Bata lempung" can used as bearing wall or curtain wall, exposed and in low-cost housing, exclusive house and real estate. Resultants of research "Bata lempung" used sols from Pandaan Jawa-Timur are resistance compression 60 -70 kg/cm2, waterproofing and cheaper than brick if produced in site of project. "Bata lemping" are material saving energy, without pollution, efficient, structural and art material. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : "Bata lempung" adalah bahan bangunan dinding berupa blok terbuat dari tanah "lempung" dengan kandungan 50-60% Clay, dicetak dengan pemadatan, pengeringan tanpa dibakar, dipergunakan setelah berumur 28 hari. Karena dicetak proses pembuatan tidak tergantung pada cuaca. Aplikasi "bata lempung" adalah sebagai dinding pemikul atau sebagai dinding pengisi, yang dapat diekspose pada dinding rumah murah, rumah mewah atau pada kompleks perumahan real estate. Hasil penelitian dari tanah yang berasal dari Pandaan - Jawa timur menghasilkan blok "bata lempung" dengan kuat tekan 60 -70 kg/cm2, tahan air .dan harga dibawah harga bata merah dipasaran jika diproduksi dilokasi bangunan. "Bata lempung" adalah bahan bangunan yang ramah lingkungan,henat enrgi, tidak meninggalkan banyak sisa blok, merupakan bahan bangunan struktural dan juga bahan bangunan seni. Kata kunci: Bahan bangunan dinding, blok, Clay, Semen, pemadatan, pencetakan, pembakaran, ekspose, natural, modul, kuat tekan, dinding pemikul, dinding pengisi, polusi, hemat energi, material struktural, material seni.

  16. De Next Generation Semigesloten Kas : Perspectief van een ontvochtigingssysteem op basis van een koeloppervlak en

    OpenAIRE

    Zwart, de, H.F.; Speetjens, S.L.

    2013-01-01

    Het nieuwe concept Next Generation Semigesloten kas is met recht een opvolger van eerdere generaties (semi)gesloten kassen. Het systeem realiseert een substantiële invulling van de verwarming van kasteelten met duurzame warmte. Het concept is gebaseerd op een kleine aanpassing van de luchtbehandelingskasten die met de opkomst van Het Nieuwe Telen in steeds meer kassen te zien zijn. Door deze luchtbehandelingskasten naast een verwarmend blok ook met een koelblok uit te rusten kan met een beper...

  17. A comparison of Runge-Kutta modifications

    OpenAIRE

    Praagman; N.; Vorst, van der, R.; Koster; J

    1984-01-01

    Vijf klassen van Runge-Kutta methoden voor het numeriek integreren van beginwaardeproblemen worden vergeleken. Aangetoond wordt dat de beste resultaten, bedoeld is het kleinste aantal rechterlid bewerkingen bij een gegeven tolerantie, verkregen worden met een blok Runge-Kutta methode met een speciale stapsgrootte selectie. De formules van de vijf klassen, waarvan er twee nieuw zijn, worden gepresenteerd en resultaten van testproblemen worden in tabelvorm gegeven.

  18. Annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The annual report of SE, a. s., contains information for the year of 2003 and summarises SE's most important financial data for the stated period. The joint stock company Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (Slovak Power Plants) was established on January 21, 2002, when it was entered into the Commercial Register as a new business entity formed by splitting the former Slovenska elektrarne, a. s. (SE, a. s.) into three independent business entities: Slovenska elektrarne, a. s. (SE, a. s.), Slovenska elektrizacna prenosova sustava, a. s. (Slovak Transmission Grid), and Teplaren Kosice, a. s. (Heating Plant Kosice). Data regarding electricity and heat generation and operational and financial results of the company are stated for the year of 2003, without providing a comparison to the previous year. The reason is that 2002 data do not cover the whole year, as the new SE a. s. was established on January 21, 2002 with changed mix of heat and electricity generation assets. Comparison data for previous years are provided only for certain technical parameters regarding nuclear safety, environment and human resources. This report contains the following headings: (1) SE Board of directors; (2) Supervisory Board; (3) Address by the Chairman of the Board of directors; (4) Year in brief; (5) Organisational structure of the company; (6) Participating interests held by the company; (7) Company strategy; (8) Heat and electricity generation; (9) Sales of electricity, ancillary services and heat; (10) Investments; (11) International cooperation; (12) Nuclear safety; (13) Environment; (14) Human resources; (15) Business report and financial statements; (16) Auditor's report; (17) List of abbreviations

  19. ZASNOVA IN PRERAČUN DVOOSNEGA SLEDILNIKA SONCA

    OpenAIRE

    Ferčec, Janko

    2010-01-01

    V diplomskem delu je predstavljena zasnova in trdnostni preračun dvoosnega sledilnika sonca. Dvoosni sledilnik sonca je naprava, ki ima nameščene sončne module, ki proizvajajo električno energijo iz sonca. Naprava ima nameščena dva pogona, ki vrtita površino s sončnimi moduli tako, da je ta vedno pravokotna glede na sonce. S sistemom dvoosnega sledenja dosežemo maksimalni izkoristek . Diplomsko delo zajema nekaj osnov sončnih elektrarn ter osnove solarne geometrije. Predstavljene so razli...

  20. Centralisation of informatics (more effective processes via using new technologies)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with next problems of Slovenske elektrarne, Plc (SE): - Centralisation and optimisation of informatics management; - New technologies within Integrated Informatics System IIS-SE: presentation of preliminary Project of 2nd generation IIS-SE; - Centralisation of the selected data processing. At the present the intensive process of restructuring is taking place in SE, Plc, focused on increasing of the effectiveness of the pursued activities. In connection with this the Informatics section solves two projects: More effective self-management and human resources; Change of Informatics system architecture from decentralised to the centralised ones with an aim to consolidate all information and to make new conditions for higher mobility

  1. SAP Nuclear

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leading to perfection Project SAP Nuclear is one of the most important projects in Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (SE). 'SAP Nuclear' is aimed to software support for work management, GO management, reliability of the installations, operation experience, self management and benchmarking. It is inevitable that people understand, that the system can only help them, to simplify and reduce the workload. That is why we strongly require the high quality training programs and afterwards the system testing by the direct users of the system. We are talking to project managers Clay Warren and Antonio Cavaletto. (author)

  2. ELEKTRIČNE NAPELJAVE V OBJEKTU S SONČNO ELEKTRARNO NA STREHI

    OpenAIRE

    Krajnc, Primož

    2013-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi je predstavljen projekt električne napeljave v stanovanjski hiši, z dodano sončno elektrarno na strehi. Vsebuje načrte in enopolne sheme v programu AvtoCad, za močnostni del in razsvetljavo, ter vse potrebne izračune. Za sončno elektrarno je podan izračun, opisan pa je tudi ozemljitveni sistem. Opisani so tudi nekateri standardi, ki so potrebni pri načrtovanju električnih napeljav ter izvedbo sončne elektrarne.

  3. OPTIMALNA IZRABA NIZKOENTALPIJSKE GEOTERMALNE ENERGIJE

    OpenAIRE

    Novosel, Urška

    2013-01-01

    Dandanes se zelo spodbuja uporaba obnovljivih virov energije za proizvodnjo električne energije. V magistrskem delu je predstavljen model hibridne elektrarne, ki za proizvodnjo električne energije uporablja tri različne OVE – geotermalno energijo, sončno energijo in lesno biomaso. Osnova je ORC sistem. Prvi vir za izkoriščanje je geotermalna energija, sončna energija in energija lesne biomase pa sta v sistemu kot vira dodatnega toplotnega toka za dogrevanje delovnega medija. Prikazan je detaj...

  4. ORIENTACIJSKA IN NAKLONSKA ODVISNOST FOTONAPETOSTNIH SISTEMOV ŠC KRŠKO - SEVNICA

    OpenAIRE

    Požun, Jože

    2013-01-01

    Magistrska naloga obravnava orientacijsko in naklonsko odvisnost fotonapetostnih sistemov Šolskega centra Krško-Sevnica. Fotonapetostni moduli sončnih elektrarn ŠC Krško-Sevnica so orientirani v smeri vzhod, jug in kot sledilni sistem za namen raziskovanja in izobraževanja. Na podlagi večletnih meritev, opravljenih na sončnih elektrarnah, bo v nalogi ovrednoten vpliv orientacijske in naklonske odvisnosti na proizvodnjo električne energije. Izplen proizvodnje električne energije sončnih elektr...

  5. Raziskave cevi uparjalnika: Tube investigation of steam generator:

    OpenAIRE

    Gudek, K.; Korošec, Darko; Vojvodič-Tuma, Jelena

    1999-01-01

    The addy current testing of the steam generator of nuclear power plant Krško are discussed. After 121.000 hours of operation the surface of transport of heat from the primary to secondary part of the plant is diminished consequently by 17,4% and it is near the limit of the licenced operation at full power. The last investigations in 1998 confirmed that the operation time of the steam generators is running out. V prispevku so obravnavane raziskave cevi uparjalnika jedrske elektrarne Krško z...

  6. Chapter No.8. Personnel qualification and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall training system and the development projects of training the staff of all categories from NPP V-1, NPP V-2 Bohunice, SE-VYZ and NPP Mochovce were the subject of UJD's attention. During 2001 following inspections were carried out on nuclear personnel training: - PP's Bohunice: an inspection focused on compliance with requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of Bohunice plant staff; - Mochovce NPP: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of NPP Mochovce staff; - SE-VYZ: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of SE-VYZ staff. Training the staff of the NPP's Bohunice: - The fundamental and periodical theoretical training as sure as the fundamental and periodical simulator training is carried out by the VUJE Training centre in Trnava. - The fundamental practical training in the workplace and training for the change work- rank is carried at Bohunice plant. Training of the staff of the NPP Mochovce: - The fundamental and periodical theoretical training is carried out by the VUJE Training centre in Trnava. The fundamental practical training in the workplace and training for the change work- rank as well as the fundamental and periodical simulator training is carried at Mochovce plant. Based on a successful passing of examination before the examining committee, UJD issues a certificate on special professional skills of selected staff members of nuclear installations for specific activity for the given type of nuclear installation and for the following positions: 1. Scientific shift manager for start up with the right of manipulation; 2. Shift supervisor; 3. Unit supervisor; 4. Primary circuit operator; 5. Secondary circuit operator; 6. Reactor physicist; 7. Scientific shift manager for start up without the right of manipulation. Examinations of

  7. Chapter 9. Personnel qualification and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall training system and the development of projects for training of all categories of NPP V-1, NPP V-2 Bohunice, SE-VYZ and NPP Mochovce staff were the subject of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) attention. During 2000, the following inspections were carried out on nuclear personnel training: (a) NPP Bohunice: an inspection focused on compliance with requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of Bohunice plant staff ; (b) NPP Mochovce: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of NPP Mochovce staff; an inspection focused on verifying the simulator aided training; an inspection focused on checking the preparedness of NPP Mochovce operation and technical personnel for NPP Mochovce Unit 2 operation; (c) Technology for treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste Bohunice (BSC): an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of SE-VYZ staff; VUJE Trnava: verification of technical equipment and professional skills of VUJE Trnava staff and tasks arising out of the 'Authorisation on nuclear installation staff training'. Examinations of selected personnel were scheduled according to the plan of examining committee meetings. For each examined person written tests are generated by the computer from the database of test questions at the Training Centre of VUJE Trnava for individual positions - categories of selected staff of NPP V-1 and NPP V-2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce so that the examination questions both in written and oral part equally cover individual facilities and regimes of operation of NPP. The database is continuously updated, thereby containing new questions resulting from the recent changes carried out at NPPs. A part of the examination in case of promotion to a higher position is the practical part, which is conducted under

  8. Training of personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) activities in the area of NPPs staff qualification followed requirements of the Act No. 28/1984 of Collection on the state supervision over nuclear safety of nuclear installations and Decree of CSKAE No. 191/1989 of Collection. Based on these documents, staff having direct influence on nuclear safety by their working activity are subject to an examination of special vocational capability, i.e. verification of a set of their vocational knowledge and skills. Selected staff is examined by the State Examining Committee established by NRA's chairman. Based on successfully passed exams before the State Examining Commission, the NRA issues licences for selected personnel working at the WWER type of a nuclear installation. The positions are as follows: shift supervisor, unit supervisor, primary circuit operator, secondary circuit operator, and reactor physicist.Such licenses are valid for two years from the date of issue.In the event of passing an exam with grade with grade excellent, licences for a 4-year period can be granted to select personnel of the NPP V-2. For the past year of 1997, the number of licences issued to NPPs V-1 and V-2 selected personnel is reviewed. During the year, the technical equipment testing on the NPP Mochovce simulator was done. Granted licences on the ground of the NPP Mochovce for selected personnel as professional qualifications of simulation training instructors. Working negotiations at international level were held during the year to secure funds to improve the NPP V-2 simulator (US AID); also testing of technical equipment of the full-scope simulator of NPP-Mochovce, professional eligibility and overall preparation of simulator training including simulator software. Funded by the PHARE programme, an in co-operation with the IAEA, personnel qualification upgrade courses continued

  9. Communication and data transfer in computerized process control system for new Czechoslovak WWER 440 reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Significant improvements in the last Czechoslovak WWER 440 nuclear power plant design in the area of process control set new requirements for communication and data transfer. Therefore, new control and information system -DERIS 900- use local network based equipment in data transmission. This conception can fulfill the increasing communication needs, brings cable reduction and in dependence on this higher level of safety and reliability of system and whole plant. The paper describes communication and data transfer in this new control system used for the first time in Czechoslovakia with the WWER 440 reactors at Mochovce site in central Slovakia. (author)

  10. Pre-operational integrated pressure tests at EMO NPP (VVER 440/V 213) and options for their experimental utilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pre-operational integrated leakage rate and structural integrity tests for the Mochovce NPP are discussed. A programme is presented of experiments proposed during these tests, to be used in investigations of the following phenomena: water drop entrainment from the water pool into the air trap; hydraulic resistance and leaktightness of check valve DN 500; performance of valves DN 250; response of bubble condenser walls to loading; phenomenology of the whole process and verification of some partial analytical and experimental procedures. (Z.S.) 2 figs

  11. Chapter 9. Personnel qualification and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1999 the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) focused on the overall training system and on developing programmes for individual categories for NPP V-1 Bohunice, NPP V-2 Bohunice, NPP Mochovce and SE-VYZ. The fundamental theoretical and periodical training for both Bohunice and Mochovce NPPs personnel, simulator training for NPP Bohunice, and periodical simulator training for Bohunice personnel is carried out by the VUJE Training center in Trnava, whereas the simulator training and periodical training for NPP Mochovce is carried at Mochovce plant. Based on a successful passing of examination before the examining committee, UJD issues, a certificate on special professional skills of selected staff of nuclear installations for specific activity for the given type of nuclear installation and for the following positions: (a)Shift manager for scientific start up with the right of manipulation; (b) Shift supervisor; (c) Unit supervisor; (d) Primary circuit operator; (e) Secondary circuit operator; (f) Reactor physicist; (g) Shift manager for scientific start up without the right of manipulation. Examination of selected personnel is described. Last year the examining committee held twelve session for oral theoretical examination. The number of licenses issued in 1999 and the total number of valid licenses is given.Conclusions from inspections carried out by UJD and inspections and tests carried out by the NPP operators in 1999, as well as results from operation and start up of nuclear units confirm that the standard of professional skills of the staff at nuclear installations a high standard of operational safety is being achieved on a permanent basis. Increasing the qualification of UJD staff was done in a form of training and courses scheduled in the plan of training for the staff for 1999. These training, composed of specialized qualification study, functional study, as well as study aimed at maintaining qualification. Training courses organized

  12. Excerpts from the introductory statement by IAEA Director General. IAEA Board of Governors, Vienna, 8 June 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document contains excerpts from the Introductory Statement made by the Director General of the IAEA at the IAEA Board of Governors on 8 June 1998. The following aspects from the Agency's activity are presented: nuclear testing, technical co-operation, programme and budget, safeguards, safeguards implementation report, Agency's involvement in safeguards verification in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), Agency's inspections in Iraq in relation to its clandestine nuclear programme, security of material, measures to strengthen international co-operation in nuclear, radiation and waste safety, study of the radiological situation at the atolls of Mururoa and Fangataufa, and Agency's role in safety assessment of the Mochovce nuclear power plant

  13. Excerpts from the introductory statement by IAEA Director General. IAEA Board of Governors, Vienna, 25 November 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document contains excerpts from the Introductory Statement made by the Director General of the IAEA at the IAEA Board of Governors on 25 November 1998. The following aspects from the Agency's activity are presented: inspections in Iraq in relation to its clandestine nuclear programme, conclusion of Additional Protocols to safeguards agreements, the strengthened safeguards system, Agency's involvement in safeguards verification in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), safety review at the Mochovce nuclear power plant in Slovakia, and the year 2000 (Y2K) computer system problems in the Agency's Member States

  14. Containment leak-tightness enhancement at VVER 440 NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hermetic compartments of VVER 440 NPPs fulfil the function of the containment used at NPPs all over the word. The purpose of the containment is to protect the NPP personal against radioactive impact as well as to prevent radioactive leakage to the environment during a lost of coolant accident. Leak-tightness enhancement in NPPs with VVER 440/213 and VVER 440/230 reactors is an important safety issue. New procedures, measures and methods were adopted at NPPs in Mochovce, J. Bohunice, Dukovany and Paks for leak identification and sealing works performed by VUEZ Levice. (authors)

  15. Report on activities of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic and safety of nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic in 1996. Annual report 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) in 1996 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Foreword; (2) NPP V-1 Bohunice; (3) NPP V-2 Bohunice; (4) NPP Mochovce; (5) Nuclear materials; ((6) NPP A-1 Bohunice; (7) Treatment; (8) Qualification and personnel training; (9) Emergency management; (10) Legislation; (11) Quality assurance; (12) International cooperation; (13) Public relations; (14) Organization structure of the NRA SR; (15) Conclusions; (16) Appendices

  16. Possible funding of power generation projects in the Slovak Republic by the Investment and Development Bank, Bratislava

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Mochovce nuclear power plant is in an advanced stage of construction. Out of the 38.9 billion CSK planned for the whole construction, 19.6 billion have already been spent; raising enough funds to complete the construction, however, poses a major problem. It may even happen that there will not be money enough to pay off credits as scheduled. The companies Bayernwerk, EdF and Preussen Elektra promised to grant a credit of 1.1 billion DEM, which would solve the problem of plant completion. (M.D.)

  17. Utjecaj različitih sjetvenih supstrata i vrsta sporotopivih gnojiva na rast i fiziološke parametre sadnica obične bukve (Fagus sylvatica L.) u rasadniku i nakon presadnje

    OpenAIRE

    Seletković, Ivan; Potočić, Nenad; Jazbec, Anamarija; Čosić, Tomislav; JAKOVLJEVIĆ, TAMARA

    2009-01-01

    U radu su prikazani rezultati pokusa u kojemu se ispitivao utje caj različitih supstrata (Litvanski treset, supstrat Humofin, supstrat Stender A400) i vrsta sporotopivih gnojiva (Osmocote Exact Standard 5-6 M i 12-14 M) na rast i fiziološke parametre sadnica obične bukve (Fagus sylvaticaL.) u ra sad niku i nakon presadnje na teren. Pokus je postavljen u rasadniku Šumarskog instituta, Jastrebarsko, kao randomizirani blok s osam tretiranja i četiri ponav lja nja. Sadnicama je određena koncentra...

  18. Utjecaj različitih tipova kontejnera i doza sporotopivog gnojiva na rast i fiziološke parametre sadnica crnog bora (Pinus nigra Arn.)

    OpenAIRE

    Seletković, Ivan; Potočić, Nenad; Topić, Vlado; Butorac, Lukrecija; Jelić, Goran; Jazbec, Anamarija

    2011-01-01

    U radu su prikazani rezultati pokusa u kojemu se ispitivao utjecaj različitih tipova kontejnera i doza sporotopivog gnojiva (Osmocote Exact Standard 5–6 M) na rast i fiziološke parametre sadnica crnog bora (Pinus nigraArn.). Pokus je postavljen u proljeće 2007. godine u rasadniku Omiš, Hrvatske šume d.o.o. Zagreb, randomizirani blok u četiri ponavljanja. Tretmani su se razlikovali u primjeni različitih kontejnera (HIKO V–150, HIKO V–265, QPD 12T/18) i doza gnojiva (2, 4 i 6 g/l supstrata)....

  19. Dreniranje terena u zoni klizišta na Dunavskoj padini u Novom Sadu

    OpenAIRE

    Vasić, Milinko; Djogo, Mitar; Jelisavac, Branko

    2015-01-01

    Klizište u zoni mosta Slobode u Novom Sadu je jedno od najviše istraživanih klizišta u Srbiji iz razloga što predstavlja ozbiljnu prijetnju po stabilnost pomenutog mosta preko Dunava. U vrijeme završetka izgradnje 1981. godine, ovaj most s kosim kablovima, bio je na svijetu s najvećim središnjim rasponom od 351 m. U tijelu klizišta, most je temeljen na armiranobetonskim pilotima duljine 27 m. Utvrđena dubina pomicanja za prvi klizni blok iznosi 26 m, a za drugi 35 m. Projektirani drenažni sus...

  20. Mitigation Theme Report: Energy Efficiency : Contribution to the MCA4climate initiative

    OpenAIRE

    Visser, Erika de; de Blok, K

    2011-01-01

    Striving for energy efficiency means trying to obtain a certain result with a minimum of input (Schipper and Meyers, 1992; Blok, 2007). As energy is used to fulfil human needs, one may define the energy efficiency of an activity as the degree to which given human needs can be fulfilled with a minimum amount of energy. So, energy efficiency improvement can be defined as reducing the energy use per unit of human activity. The energy use per unit of human activity is also called energy intensity...

  1. Projekts: Restorāna "TOSKĀNĀ" dibināšana

    OpenAIRE

    Volkova, Marina

    2016-01-01

    Ēdināšanas nozare pēdēju laika posmā strauji pieaug visā pasaulē. Ēdināšanas nozari var sadalīt divos lielos blokos, tādos ka: ātras ēdinašanas bloks, kurā ietilpst bistro, kafejnīcas, bāri un vēl viens bloks: restorāni. Viena no lielākājiem restorānu potenciālo apmeklātāju grupām ir tūristi un iedzīvotāji ar vidējo un augstu ienākumu nodokli, jo viņiem ir brīvie naudas līdzekļi un viņi ir ar mieru tos tērēt. Var minēt arī to, ka Latvija tūristu skaits ar ktru gadu arī pieaug, par ko liecina...

  2. Analýza provozu uzlu sítě po připojení jaderného bloku velkého výkonu

    OpenAIRE

    Prokop, Ondřej

    2016-01-01

    Práce se zabývá analýzou provozu uzlu sítě po připojení jaderného bloku. Cílem diplomové práce je popsat vliv síťových poruch na blok jaderné elektrárny. Práce řeší tři základní problémy: Vliv zkratu a výkonové nerovnováhy v síti na synchronní generátor jaderné elektrárny a její provoz v ostrovní síti. Práce je zaměřena zejména na blok jaderné elektrárny. V případě poruchy v síti je nutné sledovat další bloky v modelu a jejich ochrany, protože výpadek bloku by mohl způsobit rozpad soustavy. P...

  3. SE debt restructuring plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) plans to restructure one's own debts in 2003-2005. Debt restructuring plan is following: 2003: Collection of pre-payment on electricity - 60 million Euro (2.5 billion Slovak crowns), consumer unknown. Own promissory notes in total value of 100 million US$ (3.5 billion Slovak crowns) - in process. Sale of claims worth 2.4 billion Slovak crowns (57.21 million Euro) - negotiations in process. 2003/2004: Restructuring of loans payable IV. quarter 2003 and at the beginning of 2004 in value of 200 million Euro (8.3 billion Slovak crowns). Aim of SE is a new credit payable within 7 years, with instalments payable in the last two to three without any state subsidies. 2005: Loans worth 460 million Euro (189 billion Slovak crowns) will still remain. SE want to negotiate them with banks without state support

  4. Annual report 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, plc) is presented. These activities are reported under the following headings: (1) Year in brief - major events; (2) Statement of the Chairman of the Board of directors; (3) Structure of the company; (4) Board of directors; (5) Supervisory board; (6) Shareholders; (7) Equity holdings of the company; (8) Company strategy; (9) Generation electricity and heat; (10) Trade in electricity and heat; (11) Operation of the transmission systems of the Slovak Republic; (12) Investment; (13) International co-operation; (14) Nuclear safety; (15) Environment; (16) Human resources; (17) Report on the financial statements of the company; (18) Balance sheet; (19) Auditor's report; (20) Abbreviations

  5. Centralisation of informatics (more effective processes via using new technologies)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper author deals with next problems of Slovenske elektrarne, Plc (SE): - Centralisation and optimisation of informatics management; - New technologies within Integrated Informatics System IIS-SE: presentation of preliminary Project of 2nd generation IIS-SE; - Centralisation of the selected data processing. At the present the intensive process of restructuring is taking place in SE, Plc, focused on increasing of the effectiveness of the pursued activities. In connection with this the Informatics section solves two projects: More effective self-management and human resources; Change of Informatics system architecture from decentralised to the centralised ones with an aim to consolidate all information and to make new conditions for higher mobility. (author)

  6. Are we ready for a change?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From 1 January 2009 the organisational change at the Operation and Maintenance Division of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. becomes a reality. The organisational changes were approved in the Board of Directors and the Supervisory Board of the Company. A request for the approval of changes was sent to the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic together with an explanatory report. We expect the decision on the approval of the changes by 10 December 2008. We have prepared a change implementation schedule, which we monitor in order to comply with all necessary conditions for change implementation. Structures and activities of the new units have been defined. Managers have prepared job descriptions for the newly established job positions and are analysing the need of 'additional training' for the employees whose job description is to change. (author)

  7. EURELECTRIC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 18 March 2009 in Brussels, 61 highest officials of the electricity industry associated in EURELECTRIC, from 28 European countries, signed a joint declaration in which they commit to achieve a neutral balance of green house gases emission in the electricity production by 2050. This commitment mean s that the total CO2 emission will not increase by 2050. The amount of new unavoidable emission will be balanced by reducing emission as a result of using new more efficient technologies, renewable sources, nuclear technologies and others. On behalf of Slovenske elektrarne, the declaration was signed by Chairman of the Board of Directors and General Director Paolo Ruzzini. Electricity companies abiding by the Declaration produce in total 2,500 TWh annually, which is more than 70% of the electricity production in the European Union. (author)

  8. Slovak Electric, Plc., 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, Plc.) was established on November 1, 1994 as one entity among new entities created as successors to the former Slovensky energeticky podnik. The subject activity is the generation of electric power, operation of transmission 220 kV and 400 kV systems, transit, import, export, and sales of electric power. Besides these activities the company deals with generation, distribution, and sales of heat. The company operates one nuclear power station, three thermal power plants, and thirty hydro power plants. One nuclear Power plant is under construction (state up tu June 1997). On this CD ROM next chapters are presented: (1) The structure of the company; (2) The production Units; (3) The economic power of the company; (4) The operation culture of the company; (5) The strategic plans of the company

  9. Project investigation and analysis of soil-structure interaction effects in seismic response of NPPs EBO, EMO, Slovakia. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work described in this report was devoted to investigation of expected seismic response of the structures of WWER-440/213 type NPPs, namely Mochovce and Bohunice. Special attention was devoted to the properties of subsoil materials and the transfer of seismic waves from the bedrock to the foundation structures. Theoretical background was elaborated and discussed for wave propagation of surface waves. Alternative procedure was derived for non-linear media accounting for complex modulus theory. Material characteristics of subsoils were investigated for both NPPs. The obtained results were used as a basis for forecasting and calculation of expected seismic response when the time history records from Paks explosion were used an input. It was pointed out that the used procedure, together with previous calculation of subsoil transfer characteristics completed well the comparison with experimental results

  10. Support calculations for management of PRISE leakage accidents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matejovic, P.; Vranka, L. [Nuclear Power Plants Research Inst. Vuje, Trnava (Slovakia)

    1997-12-31

    Accidents involving primary-to-secondary leakage (PRISE) caused by rupture of one or a few tubes are well known design basis events in both, western and VVER NPPs. Operating experience and in-service inspections of VVER-440 units have demonstrated also the potential for large PRISE leaks in the case of the steam generator (SG) primary collector cover lift-up (Rovno NPP). Without performing any countermeasure for limitation of SG collector cover lift-up, a full opening results in PRISE leak with an equivalent diameter 107 mm. Although this accident was not considered in the original design, this event is usually analysed as DBA too. Different means are available for detection and mitigation of PRISE leakage in NPPs currently in operation (J.Bohunice V-1 and V-2) or under construction (Mochovce) in Slovakia. 8 refs.

  11. Slovac Republic repository of radioactive waste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Bartko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Slovac Republic Repository of Radioactive Waste (radwaste in place Mochovce presents a multi-barrier repository of the surface type designed as an ultimate storage of treated solid and fixed, low-and very low-level radwaste generated during the operation and decommissioning of the nuclear power plants, in research institutes, laboratories and hospitals in the Slovak Republic. The isolation of the radwaste and retardation of the radionuclides are provided by the barrier system of the repository. To assess the complete system and parts of one of the most important barriers – the multi-barrier ultimate shielding of the repository – the model of the ultimate shielding of the repository was designed. The monitoring results of the model “ in situ“ will be applicable for projecting the ultimate shielding of the repository.

  12. Blasting jobs on the building site of the Temelin nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problems are discussed of the preparation and implementation on the Temelin nuclear power plant building site of blasting, the volume of drilling and the choice of the drill hammer - all based on experience gained during the construction of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. The amount of explosives used on the Temelin site will be 1400 t. The use of mechanical charging may shorten the preparation of the site by 20 to 30%. Explosive emulsion slurries are being developed from home raw materials whose application will reduce the volume of drilling by 15%. The method of controlled breaking secures adequate quality of peripheral walls and bottom chink but special explosives will have to be used. Seismic effects are discussed of blasting on dwellings, agricultural and industrial buildings in the vicinity of the site, on-site buildings, underground mains and special structures of the nuclear power plant. (E.S.)

  13. Results and discussion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author deals with the experimental study of sorption, desorption and vertical migration of radionuclides in Sr-85 and Cs-137 in selected soil samples from around of NPP Bohunice and NPP Mochovce and other localities of the Slovakia. The influence of different materials [concurrent ions (K+, Ca2+, NH4+, pH), organic matter (peat) and zeolite, humidity] on kinetic of sorption and desorption of strontium and cesium as well as distribution coefficient (KD) and transfer coefficients in followed samples of soils were followed. Obtained adsorption isotherm are presented and discussed. Using the Tessiere's sequential extraction analysis a gross variability in binding of radionuclides on soils was found. The obtained results were processed with the correlation analysis and the compartment model

  14. Final Treatment Center Project for Liquid and Wet Radioactive Waste in Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Final Treatment Center (FTC) for Mochovce nuclear power plant (NPP) is designed for treatment and final conditioning of radioactive liquid and wet waste produced from plant operation. Mochovce NNP uses a Russian VVER-440 type reactor. Treated wastes comprise radioactive concentrates, spent resin and sludge. VUJE Inc. as an experienced company in field of treatment of radioactive waste in Slovakia has been chosen as main contractor for technological part of FTC. This paper describes the capacity, flow chart, overall waste flow and parameters of the main components in the FTC. The initial project was submitted for approval to the Slovak Electric plc. in 2003. The design and manufacture of main components were performed in 2004 and 2005. FTC construction work started early in 2004. Initial non-radioactive testing of the system is planned for summer 2006 and then radioactive tests are to be followed. A one-year trial operation of facility is planned for completion in 2007. SE - VYZ will be operates the FTC during trial operation and after its completion. SE - VYZ is subsidiary company of Slovak Electric plc. and it is responsible for treatment with radioactive waste and spent fuel in the Slovak republic. SE - VYZ has, besides of other significant experience with operation of Jaslovske Bohunice Treatment Centre. The overall capacity of the FTC is 870 m3/year of concentrates and 40 m3/year of spent resin and sludge. Bituminization and cementation were provided as main technologies for treatment of these wastes. Treatment of concentrate is performed by bituminization. Concentrate and bitumen are metered into a thin film evaporator with rotating wiping blades. Surplus water is evaporated and concentrate salts are embedded in bitumen. Bitumen product is discharged into 200 l steel drums. Spent resin and sludge are decanted, dried and mixed with bitumen. These mixtures are also discharged into 200 l steel drums. Drums are moved along bituminization line on a roller

  15. Environmental Impact of the use of natural Resources (EIRES)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Per H.; Tukker, Arnold; Weidema, Bo;

    Executive summary Background The European Commission is preparing a "Thematic Strategy for the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources", the so-called "resources strategy". A first Communication on this was adopted by the Commission in October 2003 (COM 527, 2003), and the strategy is planned...... Intelligence Service and O2 France for the European Commission, Directorate General Environment. * Moll S, Acosta J, Villanueva A (2004). Environmental implications of resource use - insights from input-output analyses. Copenhagen: European Topic Centre on Waste and Material Flows. Draft manuscript, January......, Kerssemeeckers M, Blok K, Patel M, de Beer J (2002). Assessing the environmental potential of clean material technologies. Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre (DG JRC), European Commission. Report EUR 20515 EN. * Nemry F, Thollier K, Jansen B, Theunis J (2002). Identifying key...

  16. Possibilities Concerning Diagnosis of the SSP-FK Aircraft Fire Suppression System in Terms of Determination of Reasons for False Fire Alarms / Możliwości Diagnozowania Lotniczego Systemu Przeciwpożarowego SSP-FK w Aspekcie Określania Przyczyn Fałszywego Sygnalizowania Pożaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szelmanowski Andrzej

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available W artykule przedstawiono wybrane wyniki prac realizowanych w Instytucie Technicznym Wojsk Lotniczych (ITWL w zakresie badań instalacji przeciwpożarowej SSP-FK stosowanej na wielu typach wojskowych statków powietrznych eksploatowanych w Siłach Zbrojnych RP. Dla określania warunków fałszywego sygnalizowania pożaru opracowano modele symulacyjne działania bloków wykonawczych SSP-FK. Badania modeli symulacyjnych wykonano w pakietach obliczeniowych Matlab-Simulink i Circuit-Maker. Wyniki tych prac zostały wykorzystane do diagnostyki instalacji SSP-FK w trakcie badania rzeczywistych przypadków fałszywego zadziałania tych urządzeń.

  17. Possibilities Concerning Diagnosis of the SSP-FK Aircraft Fire Suppression System in Terms of Determination of Reasons for False Fire Alarms / Możliwości Diagnozowania Lotniczego Systemu Przeciwpożarowego Ssp-Fk W Aspekcie Określania Przyczyn Fałszywego Sygnalizowania Pożaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szelmanowski Andrzej

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available W artykule przedstawiono wybrane wyniki prac realizowanych w Instytucie Technicznym Wojsk Lotniczych (ITWL w zakresie badań instalacji przeciwpożarowej SSP-FK stosowanej na wielu typach wojskowych statków powietrznych eksploatowanych w Siłach Zbrojnych RP. Dla określania warunków fałszywego sygnalizowania pożaru opracowano modele symulacyjne działania bloków wykonawczych SSP-FK. Badania modeli symulacyjnych wykonano w pakietach obliczeniowych Matlab-Simulink i Circuit-Maker. Wyniki tych prac zostały wykorzystane do diagnostyki instalacji SSP-FK w trakcie badania rzeczywistych przypadków fałszywego zadziałania tych urządzeń.

  18. Matrix model for non-Abelian quantum Hall states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorey, Nick; Tong, David; Turner, Carl

    2016-08-01

    We propose a matrix quantum mechanics for a class of non-Abelian quantum Hall states. The model describes electrons which carry an internal SU(p ) spin. The ground states of the matrix model include spin-singlet generalizations of the Moore-Read and Read-Rezayi states and, in general, lie in a class previously introduced by Blok and Wen. The effective action for these states is a U(p ) Chern-Simons theory. We show how the matrix model can be derived from quantization of the vortices in this Chern-Simons theory and how the matrix model ground states can be reconstructed as correlation functions in the boundary WZW model.

  19. Operacni zesilovač CMOS pracující v rozsahu napájecích napětí

    OpenAIRE

    Buček, Vladimír

    2009-01-01

    Cílem této práce bylo seznámit se s návrhem operačního zesilovače technologií CMOS. Nejdříve byla analyzována struktura tranzistorů PMOS a NMOS, díky kterým jsme mohli postupně navrhovat jednotlivé bloky operačního zesilovače. Práce pojednává o návrhu diferenčního páru, proudových zrcadel a koncového stupně zesilovače. Po návrhu jednotlivých bloků byla provedena kontrola operačního zesilovače simulačním programem CADENCE.

  20. ISTRAŽIVANJA BIOPRODUKCIJSKIH I ENERGETSKIH POTENCIJALA AMORFE (Amorpha fruticosaL.)

    OpenAIRE

    Krpan, Ante P. B.; Tomašić, Željko; Stankić, Igor

    2014-01-01

    U radu su prikazani rezultati treće godine istraživanja vezanih za biopotencijal i energetske značajke amorfe. Cjelokupno istraživanje planira se završiti unutar razdoblja od 6 godina. Prema utvrđenome godišnjem planu, istraživanja su provedena na plohama 1 i 3. Istraživački blok poligon postavljen je u trinaestogodišnjoj amorfi u odjelu 126a u Gospodarskoj jedinici Posavske šume, Šumarija Sunja, UŠP Sisak. Istraživanja se provode na temelju protokola projekta i godišnjih planova rada na četi...

  1. JAVYS - Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This prospectus contains the review about of the joint stock company Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., (JAVYS). JAVYS established itself in the Slovak power industry in 2005. According to the transaction documents on the privatisation of the Slovenske Elektrarne, a. s. company (SE), on July 6, 2005, the public organisation GovCo, into which the detached SE-VYZ and SE-EBO plants (V1 nuclear power plant) were included, was established. On April 1, 2006, the GovCo company assumed responsibility for the operation of V1 NPP, decommissioning of all nuclear installations in Slovakia, processing, treatment and storage of radioactive waste and care of spent nuclear fuel. The registered at of the company was changed to Jaslovske Bohunice and the company's name changed to Jadrova Vyradovacia Spolocnost, a. s. on August 7, 2006. The company name Jadrova a Vyradovacia Spolocnost, a.s. exists since March, 2007. The history of the company is short; professional activities however have been carried out for several decades. Some facts about the JAVYS are reported

  2. Design, implementation and licensing of improvement measures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Modifications are designed to contribute to improve the level of safety, and the level of performance of the plants. The successful implementation of a modification depends on the quality of the design and particularly the good fitting of the modification in the existing design, on the perfect consistency of the licensing approach and on the good management of the project constraints and interfaces. Over the last ten years, FRAMATOME has accumulated a large and varied experience in these activities, as shown in the few examples briefly described in the presentation. Within the Mochovce completion project, FRAMATOME has been in charge of the basic design or implementation of about twenty safety measures. This involved establishing efficient partnerships with design organizations and suppliers in the Slovak Republic, Czech Republic, and Russia. A similar approach is used in the frame of the Kozloduy 5-6 modernization program, where the basic engineering contract is conducted since 1998 and the main contract under discussion. From the very beginning of the TACIS program FRAMATOME has been involved in projects dealing with the design of reactor safety systems. For example, an extensive work aiming at developing a methodology for accident analysis in VVER reactor was initiated in 1993, in collaboration with Siemens, Kurchatov Institute and OKB Gidropress. This methodology was recently used successfully in a new project with the objective to evaluate the possible modification of reactor protection signals of some Russian reactors. Within the PHARE program, a complete analysis of the primary to secondary leakage risk was conducted for Paks nuclear power plant. This involved the writing and validation of the relevant emergency procedure, specification of the leak detection system, study of an improved design of the collector cover, and recommendation of some systems modifications. A last example is the study of the modifications of main steam lines performed in the frame

  3. Effective policy for sustainable behavior. An international comparison; Effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag. Een internationale vergelijking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunsting, S.; Uyterlinde, M.; Pol, M. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands); Breukers, S.; Mourik, R.; Backhaus, J.; Mathijsen, T. [DuneWorks, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2013-07-15

    perspectief geanalyseerd zijn. De bestudeerde thema's en de te analyseren beleidscases: Huishoudelijk energiegebruik: Blok voor blok/ Meer met Minder en energielabels voor woningen en huishoudelijke apparaten; Voedselconsumptie: smaaklessen en stadslandbouw; Persoonlijke mobiliteit: het nieuwe rijden en mobiliteitsmanagement (spitsmijden Noord-Brabant); Huishoudelijk afval: Plastic Heros en Diftar (gedifferentieerde afvaltarieven). Dit rapport is de thematische vergelijking voor Nederland, Duitsland, Sweden en het Verenigd Koninkrijk.

  4. Radioactive waste disposal in Slovakia: Current practice and development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes activities concerning the disposal of radioactive waste in the Slovak Republic. For disposal of the low and intermediate short-lived radioactive waste, the National radioactive waste repository Mochovce (near surface type) was put into operation in 1999. History and approaches to repository development, siting and construction are briefly described. Recent activities regarding the repository are concerning on the safety re-assessment and re-derivation of coherent waste acceptance criteria, studies of repository covering and possible enlargement. In the second part, attention is given to the Slovak deep geological repository development programme, which has been under way since 1996. Most of the results were obtained from the siting part of the programme, where four localities (six sites) were identified as prospective for next investigation. The paper also gives an overview on next two routes of deep repository development programme: studies resulted later in performance assessment and general activities, i.e. design studies, analysis of legislative and infrastructure conditions, planning and evaluation of works. (author)

  5. SVHR version 1.0 - A warning message system based on the RECON expert system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structure of the warning message system is outlined and the feasibility of its adaptation to user needs is discussed. The system can be operated on an AT 386 or AT 486 personal computer or on an HP 300 workstation. The version for PC's runs under DOS 5.00, the version for workstations, under operating system HP-UX 7.00. The system can be interfaced to various sources of measured data, which can be completed with calculated data, and the whole is entered into the RECON expert system. This system performs a knowledge-base analysis and according to the results, messages are generated and transmitted to the display module serving as the interactive computer-user unit. The knowledge bases are described for controlling the automated systems at the Mochovce NPP and for WWER-440 reactor shutdown. Basic information is presented concerning the principles, structure and performance of the RECON expert system, including guidelines for operating the various parts of the system. (J.B.). 8 figs

  6. VUEZ. Annual report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2005 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) On the company; (3) Basic data; (4) Product portfolio and customer services; (5) Quality management system; (6) Human resources; (7) Economic data; (7) Adving, s.r.o.; (8) Basic data and company management; (9) Line of business; (10) Activities performed in the past year; (11) Economic data; (12) Contact persons and addresses. In 2005, a number of important events took place in VUEZ. On the home market, our main business partner was SE a.s. Company. The key works were performed at SE nuclear power plant sites in Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce. A considerable volume of works co-ordinated by our company was executed also for Vodohospodarska vystavba Bratislava at the Gabcikovo Dam. On the foreign market, VUEZ kept on carrying out ongoing projects of preparation for the Jaslovske Bohunice V1 NPP decommissioning in co-operation with a consortium of foreign companies. In the field of experimental research, another project was launched in co-operation with IRSN Paris. As to leak tightness improvement of hermetic compartments and integrated leakage rate tests in nuclear power plants, works were continued in foreign plants such as the Dukovany NPP, Czech Republic, and the Paks NPP, Hungary

  7. Bohunice NPPs - Part of the Slovak's economy (sustainable) development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Of the total consumption of electricity in Slovakia, 42% was generated in nuclear power plant units in 1999. Slovakia operates 6 units with a WWER 440 nuclear reactors, 4 of them are at Bohunice site and 2 at Mochovce. The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of SR is not the only regulatory body controlling nuclear activity. Both - the system of nuclear activities regulation in Slovakia as well as the approach to Nuclear Safety enhancement of the operator were positively judged by IAEA and WENRA. In 1993 -Slovakia has accepted the commitments of the UN Convention on Climate Changes, including a reduction of greenhouse gases to 1990 levels by the year 2000. Moreover, as an internal target Slovakia has set the reaching of the ,'Toronto Objective', i.e. 20% reduction in COx emissions through the year 2005 as compared to 1988. Taking into account the actual situation as well as natural conditions for some renewable sources utilisation, the target won't be reached without nuclear energy. The nuclear energy is free of emissions, does not burn oxygen, and with the share of production in Slovakia will remain significant contributor. To the environment protection it contributes also by replacing fossil heat plants with heat delivery for the region. In case of radiological wastes the environment protection is ensured by very strict system of control, evidence, treatment and repository. To conclude, Bohunice NPPs were, are and will remain very important part of the Slovak's economy, creating conditions for its (sustainable) development

  8. High energy pipe break analysis for a Main Steam Line of a WWER NPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zaccari, N., E-mail: nicola.zaccari@enel.com; Caria, S., E-mail: sara.caria@enel.com; Rubeo, G., E-mail: giampiero.rubeo@enel.com

    2014-01-15

    Highlights: • Detailed methodological approach on the High Energy Pipe Break (HEPB) analysis for NPP. • HEPB level 3 analysis on the Main Steam Line of MO3 NPP was provided. • Reducing the construction or modification cost on the NPP due to a less conservative approach as a level 1 or 2 analysis. • Innovative LBB approach to treat the through-wall crack on the piping system. -- Abstract: The aim of this study is to show the application of the High Energy Pipe Break (HEPB) methodology to a level 3 analysis, applied to the study of the Main Steam Line (MSL) of a Mochovce (MO) NPP. The analysis highlighted the significant advantage, as compared to a standard level 1 analysis, in the minimization of extra supports and restraints. In the first part of the paper an introduction on the NUREG Standard Review Plan (STRP) and on the ANSI/ANS 58.2 used as a reference in this kind of analysis is provided. In the second part a description of the analyses (coupled mechanical and fluido-dynamic) used to analyze the HEPB is described. Finally an original approach developed at ENEL is presented for an improved evaluation of the leakage cracking by following a non standard procedure related to the LBB approach, coupled with the above-mentioned HEPB.

  9. Experiences with electronic personal dosimeters at Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant-Czech Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jurochova, Bozena; Zelenka, Zdenik [Personal Dosimetry Department NPP Dukovany (Czech Republic)

    2004-07-01

    The Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant operates four WWER-440 type reactors. Unit 1 has been operating since 1985, Unit 2 and Unit 3 since 1986, Unit 4 was connected to the grid in 1987. At Dukovany NPP occupational dosimetry is performed by approved Personal Dosimetry Service. The basic facilities for measuring external exposure are film badge (legal dosimeter), electronic personal dosimeter (EPD) and radio-photoluminescent dosimeter (RPL) as operational dosimeter, TLD for measuring doses to the extremities and TLD albedo dosimeter as neutron dosimeter. The presentation is based on the experiences with electronic personal dosimeters gathered at Dukovany NPP for the last three years. Electronic Personal Dosimetry System (EPDS) was developing by Czech company VF, a.s. and from 2002 year is also used at Temelin NPP (Czech Republic), SE VYZ Bohunice (Slovakia) and SE Mochovce NPP (Slovakia) as well. EPDS is designed for Merlin Gerin, Siemens and RADOS electronic dosimeters. Application SW for data analysis is used for daily monitoring of personal doses and for evaluation of collective doses during outages. System gives information about collective doses on devices and collective doses for select work tasks during outages. In addition EPDS allows the calculation of dose indexes I{sub D}. (I{sub D} is the ratio of the relevant collective dose and the number of equivalent working hours). This information is applicable for planning doses on special working activities for next outages and allows a detection radiation sources also.

  10. Role of VVER-type reactors in large-scale nuclear power of the XXI century

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Light water reactors (LWR) make over 85% of the world nuclear park and are presently constructed in 12 countries. One of the generally recognized LWR development directions is represented by VVER reactor concept, created and developed in the former Soviet Union. For over 35 years the VVER existence (with gross capacities ranging from 70 to 100 MWe), 58 power units have been built, and 49 are still in operation (13 in Russia and Ukraine each, 6 - in Bulgaria and Slovakia each, 4 - in Hungary and Czech Republic each, 2 - in Finland and 1 - in Armenia). The oldest of operating VVERs -unit 3 of Novovoronezh NPP in Russia - was connected to grid in 1971; the last - Mochovce-2 in Slovakia - was launched in 1999. Geography of VVER reactors is developing quite dynamically. For the first time this reactor type is being built in the countries of Asia: China and Iran, as well as in Cuba. Construction of the first VVER in India is also expected. (author)

  11. Case law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This section reports on 7 case laws from 4 countries: - France: Conseil d'Etat decision, 28 June 2013, refusing to suspend operation of the Fessenheim nuclear power plant; - Slovak Republic: New developments including the Supreme Court's judgment in a matter involving Greenpeace Slovakia's claims regarding the Mochovce nuclear power plant; New developments in the matter involving Greenpeace's demands for information under the Freedom of Information Act; - Switzerland: Judgment of the Federal Supreme Court in the matter of the Departement federal de l'environnement, des transports, de l'energie et de la communication (DETEC) against Ursula Balmer-Schafroth and others on consideration of admissibility of a request to withdraw the operating licence for the Muehleberg nuclear power plant; - United States: Judgment of the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit granting petition for writ of mandamus ordering US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to resume Yucca Mountain licensing; Judgment of the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit invalidating two Vermont statutes as preempted by the Atomic Energy Act; Judgment of the NRC on transferring Shieldalloy site to New Jersey's jurisdiction

  12. Radioactivity in the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this report different aspects of the radioactivity in the environment of the Slovak Republic for the period of 2004 - 2006 years are reported. This report is published only on the Enviroportal.sk. The following aspects of the radioactivity in the environment are reviewed there: Electricity production in nuclear power plants and their consumption; Natural sources of ionisation radiation; Man-made sources of ionisation radiation; Safety of exploitation of the nuclear power plants on the territory of the Slovak Republic; International Nuclear Event Scale; Basic information about influence of radiation on health of population and about evaluation methods; Influence of physical risk factors (including of ionisation radiation) in the working environment on formation of occupation diseases; Collective doses of occupation in NPPs; Health state of population in the locality of the NPP Mochovce; Food contamination by ionisation radiation; Radiation monitoring network; Legislative directives about population health protection against ionisation radiation action; Decommissioning of the NPP Jaslovske Bohunice (EBO V-1); Conception of the back fuel cycle and treatment of spent fuels and high-level radioactive wastes; Project of territorial-economic development of the Trnava region after decommissioning of the Jaslovske Bohunice NPP

  13. Chapter No.6. Radioactive waste (RAW)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    UJD SR supervises all phases of radioactive waste management at nuclear installations and final phases of institutional radioactive waste management. Total concentrates generation and minimisation trends during recent period (for NPP V1, NPP V2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce) as well as increasing of their conditioning are presented. So nearly 8000 m3 of concentrates were stored at the end of year 2001, representing 75.5% of storage capacity at Bohunice site. Total amount of solid waste stored at VVER NPPs reached 3500 m3 at December 2001. The solid waste storage capacity of NPP V1 Bohunice is spent. NPP A1 Bohunice with a heterogeneous reactor using natural uranium, moderated by heavy water and cooled by CO2 had been in operation for 4 years. It was finally shut down in February 1977 after an accident (INES level 4). Main activities in 2001 were focused on an increasing of radwaste management safety by the waste solidification or storage improvement, especially in the case of inorganic spent fuel coolant. The total solid radwaste inventory in 2001 (including filters) represents cca 700 m3 of soft and pre-pressed not sorted waste, 700 m3 of sorted waste, more then 1 000 t of scrap and next 260 m3 of scrap in drums. The total volume of contaminated soils and concrete is more than 7200 m3. The volume of solid radwaste depends on the extent of dismantling works and following treatment, conditioning and disposal. The total volume is also increased by products of bituminization and cementation facilities in drums stored before conditioning at NPP A1 Bohunice site. The facilities focused only on treatment of radwaste from NPP A1 decommissioning are operated by the same operator as a part of this decommissioned nuclear installation. Experimental and research treatment plants are operated by VUJE. A facility for the treatment and conditioning of operational liquid radwaste from NPP Mochovce is under preparation and a start of construction is foreseen in 2004. The nuclear

  14. Radwaste treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this part creation of radioactive wastes in Bohunice V-1 and V-2 NPPs and in A-1 NPP during decommissioning process as well as its treatment is described. On January 1996, radioactive waste repository in Mochovce was transferred to the administration of the newly established subsidiary SE-VYZ. During 1996 the repository operator began implementation of requirements contained in the Resolution of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) of the beginning of 1995. Currently the works concentrate mainly on supplementary engineering and geological survey and preparation of a principal change in the drainage system, as well as vault roofing. NRA SR is involved in most of the negotiations on further proceeding, where it makes contributions by its opinions; through, that it controls to what extent the activity at the repository is in compliance with the Resolution of NRA SR as to the Preliminary safety report of the repository. Two inspections were made at the repository in the spring: the first concentrated on consequences of erosion movement of the outer slopes of the repository, the second one dealt with the overall inventory of activities following up the Resolution of NRA SR. As a result of a significant acceleration of work in the last thee months of 1966, NRA SR started to apply regular inspections at the site made at least once a week by the site inspector. The main purpose of these inspections is to supervise the quality of work being performed

  15. Thirty years of Czechoslovak nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power in the CSSR in its 30 years old history has occupied an important position in the current power base of the country. In 1987, the nuclear power plant share of the total installed capacity was roughly 16% and their share of the total electricity production was 24.3%. By the year 2000, the installed capacity of nuclear power plants should reach a minimum of 10,000 MW and it is envisaged that this value might be exceeded by another 1,000 MW. In addition to the completion of the Mochovce and Temelin nuclear power plants currently under construction, this would require putting into operation two more WWER-1000 units in other localities. It has been decided that new nuclear power plants will be sited at Kecerovce in Eastern Slovakia and at Blahutovice in Northern Moravia. The preparation has considerably progressed of sites for other nuclear power plants. With the envisaged rate of nuclear power plant construction, the production of nuclear electric power should inscrease to 15 TWh in 1990, 41 TWh in 1995 and 58 TWh in the year 2000. Thus, nuclear power plant share of the total electricity production would be more than 50% in the year 2000 and the plant would cover about 16 to 17% of needs of primary power resources. (Z.M.). 3 tabs., 4 refs

  16. Geological aspects of radioactive waste disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geological formations suitable for burying various types of radioactive wastes are characterized applying criteria for the evaluation and selection of geological formations for building disposal sites for radioactive wastes issued in IAEA technical recommendations. They are surface disposal sites, disposal sites in medium depths and deep disposal sites. Attention is focused on geological formations usable for injecting self-hardening mixtures into cracks prepared by hydraulic decomposition and for injecting liquid radioactive wastes into permeable rocks. Briefly outlined are current trends of the disposal of radioactive wastes in Czechoslovakia and the possibilities are assessed from the geological point of view of building disposal sites for radioactive wastes on the sites of Czechoslovak nuclear power plants at Jaslovske Bohunice, Mochovce, Dukovany, Temelin, Holice (eastern Bohemia), Blahoutovice (northern Moravia) and Zehna (eastern Slovakia). It is stated that in order to design an optimal method of the burial of radioactive waste it will be necessary to improve knowledge of geological conditions in the potential disposal sites at the said nuclear plants. There is usually no detailed knowledge of geological and hydrological conditions at greater depths than 100 m. (Z.M.)

  17. Safety analyses of the electrical systems on VVER NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energoprojekt Praha has been the main entity responsible for the section on 'Electrical Systems' in the safety reports of the Temelin, Dukovany and Mochovce nuclear power plants. The section comprises 2 main chapters, viz. Offsite Power System (issues of electrical energy production in main generators and the link to the offsite transmission grid) and Onsite Power Systems (AC and DC auxiliary system, both normal and safety related). In the chapter on the off-site system, attention is paid to the analysis of transmission capacity of the 400 kV lines, analysis of transient stability, multiple fault analyses, and probabilistic analyses of the grid and NPP power system reliability. In the chapter on the on-site system, attention is paid to the power balances of the electrical sources and switchboards set for various operational and accident modes, checks of loading and function of service and backup sources, short circuit current calculations, analyses of electrical protections, and analyses of the function and sizing of emergency sources (DG sets and UPS systems). (P.A.)

  18. Annual review of energy and the environment. Volume 23

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Socolow, R.H. [ed.] [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Anderson, D. [ed.] [Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine, London (United Kingdom); Harte, J. [ed.] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1998-12-31

    Thirteen papers are included in this volume. The titles and authors are: From Physics to Development Strategies by Jose Goldemberg; Rewards and Penalties of Monitoring the Earth by Charles D. Keeling; Science and Nonscience Concerning Human-Caused Climate Warming by J. D. Mahlman; Consumption of Materials in the United States, 1990--1995 by Grecia Matos and Lorie Wagner; Future Technologies for Energy-Efficient Iron and Steel Making by Jeroen de Beer, Ernst Worrell, and Kornelis Blok; The O{sub 2} Balance of the Atmosphere: A Tool for Studying the Fate of Fossil Fuel CO{sub 2} by Michael L. Bender, Mark Battle, and Ralph F. Keeling; Mexican Electric End-Use Efficiency: Experiences to Date by Rafael Friedmann and Claudia Sheinbaum; Drinking Water in Developing Countries by Ashok Gadgil; Engineering-Economic Studies of Energy Technologies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Opportunities and Challenges by Marilyn A. Brown, Mark D. Levine, Joseph P. Romm, Arthur H. Rosenfeld, and Jonathan G. Koomey; Climate Change Mitigation in the Energy and Forestry Sectors of Developing Countries by Jayant A. Sathaye and N. H. Ravindranath; Toward a Productive Divorce: Separating DOE Cleanups from Transition Assistance by M. Russell; Recycling Metals for the Environment by Iddo K. Wernick and Nickolas J. Themelis; and Environmentally Conscious Chemical Process Design by J. A. Cano-Ruiz and G. J. McRae.

  19. Distribuce léčiv v čistírnách odpadních vod

    OpenAIRE

    Šilhánková, Lenka

    2016-01-01

    Předložená bakalářská práce se zabývá aktuálním tématem – distribucí léčiv v odpadních vodách, u nichž byla prokázána toxicita na necílové organismy. Konkrétně řeší výskyt farmak ze skupiny beta-blokátorů, která se hojně podávají při léčbě hypertenze a dalších kardiovaskulárních onemocněních. Jako zástupci byly vybrány acebutolol, atenolol a bisoprolol, jejichž schopnost eliminace byla pozorována u tří čistíren odpadních vod (ČOV) s různou technologií čištění a rozdílným počet ekvivalentních ...

  20. Vzorové moduly DC/DC měničů

    OpenAIRE

    Skoupý, Petr

    2010-01-01

    Bakalářská práce je zaměřena na návrh a realizaci univerzálních DC/DC měničů se třemi integrovanými obvody. Hlavní část popisuje postupný rozbor silové a řídící části, jakožto funkčních bloků a jednotlivých schémat. Největší důraz je kladen na tři obvodová zapojení pro snižující, zvyšující a invertující měnič a vybrání vhodných řídících obvodů, které jsou dostupné na trhu s elektronickými součástkami a splňují všechny námi zadané požadavky. Výslednou realizací je postupný rozbor výpočtu vnějš...

  1. High-degree atrioventricular block complicating acute myocardial infarction - Incidence, prediction and prognosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gang, Uffe Jacob Ortved

    2010-01-01

    Baggrund Atrioventrikulært blok (HAVB) er, både før og under trombolyse æraen, vist at være en hyppig og alvorlig komplikation i den akutte fase af et akut myokardie infarkt (AMI). Forekomsten og betydningen af HAVB i den akutte fase af et AMI efter indførslen af primær perkutan koronar...... interventions (pPCI) er endnu ukendt. Ligeledes er langtidsforekomsten og prognosen efter HAVB i sene faser af et AMI ikke tidligere klarlagt. Formål Hovedformålet med denne ph.d.-afhandling var at vurdere forekomsten, prædiktive faktorer og prognostiske konsekvenser af HAVB i både tidlige og sene faser efter...... et AMI. Endvidere var formålet at bestemme og beskrive arytmier, inklusive bradyarytmier, observeret ved dødens indtræden. Metoder For at undersøge forekomsten og prognosen for HAVB i den akutte fase efter STEMI, den alvorligste form for AMI, i pPCI æraen lavede vi et retrospektivt studie af 2073...

  2. Turgenev as a Reader

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Петер Бранг

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In his book Zvučaščee slovo (Moskva 2010 the author dealt with the mutual relations between the theory of versification and the theory of declamation and with the question of how Pushkin, Gogol, Dostoyevsky and Blok used to read literary texts aloud, and, in addition, with their general attitude towards the “sounding word”. In this study, starting from B.M. Ejchenbaum’s remark that Turgenev is always striving to “tell” and “always addresses himself to a listener”, the author examines several aspects of the role that the “sounding word” played in the writer’s life and work. The most important sources he used are the memoirs of Turgenev’s contemporaries and his letters. It turns out that readings of still unpublished literary works in small circles played an unexpectedly large role. This can be explained by the writer’s wish to test the reaction of the public, but also by sociocultural factors: the atmosphere of friendly competition that reigned during that period in the aristocratic republic of Russian ‘literary workers’.

  3. Pengaruh Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (EMS Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Variasi Tanaman Marigold (Tagetes sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NI MADE DIAN PRATIWI

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Effect of Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (EMS on Growth and Variations of Marigold (Tagetes sp. The aims of this research are to determine the variation of marigold (Tagetes sp derived from seed treated with EMS and to recommend the EMS concentrations that are able to induce varietion. Seeds of marigold cv Narai Orange were soaked in water for 6 hours, followed by soaking in EMS at concentration of 0%, 0.3%, 0.6% and 0.9% for 4 hours. This study employed Randomized Complete Blok Design with 10 replicates and each replicate consisted of 10 plants. Six plants were randomly chosen for measurements. The total number of samples observed were 240 plants. Observations were made on the percentage of the growth, plant height, number of leaves, number of branches, diameter and weight of flowers. Data obtained from the observations were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA, followed by DMRT (Duncan’s Multiple Range Test if there is a significant difference between treatments. The EMS treatment reduced all characters observed. The EMS concentration of 0.6% showed plant that had yellow flowers. The 0.9% EMS treatment resulted in one plant with chimera, 6 dwarf plants, 2 plants with thin stems, and 1 short plant with many branches. Untreated plants did not show any variation.

  4. Softverski model estimatora radijalne brzine ciljeva / Software model of a radial velocity estimator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan S. Ivković

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available U radu je softverski modelovan novi blok u delu za obradu signala softverskog radarskog prijemnika, koji je nazvan estimator radijalne brzine. Detaljno je opisan način procene Doplerove frekvencije na osnovu MUSIC algoritma i ukratko prikazan način rada pri merenju. Svi parametri pri merenju klatera i detekcije simuliranih i realnih ciljeva dati su tabelarno, a rezultati grafički. Na osnovu analize prikazanih rezultata može se zaključiti da se pomoću projektovanog estimatora radijalne brzine može precizno proceniti Doplerov pomak u reflektovanom signalu od pokretnog cilja, a samim tim može se precizno odrediti njegova brzina. / In all analyses the MUSIC method has given better results than the FFT method. The MUSIC method proved to be better at estimation precision as well as at resolving two adjacent Doppler frequencies. On the basis of the obtained results, the designed estimator of radial velocity can be said to estimate Doppler frequency in the reflected signal from a moving target precisely, and, consequently, the target velocity. It is thus possible to improve the performances of the current radar as far as a precise estimation of velocity of detected moving targets is concerned.

  5. Psychiatrische geschiedenissen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Gijswijt-Hofstra

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available G. Dimmendaal, Heropvoeding en behandeling. Meisjes in Huize de Ranitz, Groningen 1941-1967 G. Blok, J. Vijselaar, Terug naar Endegeest. Patiënten en hun behandeling in het psychiatrisch ziekenhuis Endegeest 1897-1997 H.G.M. Rooijmans, Negenennegentig jaar tussen wal en schip. Geschiedenis van de Leidse universitaire psychiatrie (1899-1998 E. Tonkens, Het zelfontplooiingsregime. De actualiteit van Dennendal en de jaren zestigPsychiatric HistoriesA great number of historical works on psychiatry and mental health care in the Netherlands have appeared in the last decade. Most of these works concern the twentieth century. In this review-article these books and some recent historiographical trends are discussed. Histories of mental asylums and hospitals make up the largest single category. Other themes covered by historical studies are academic, social and forensic psychiatry, ambulatory mental health care, psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, the relationship between psychiatry and religion, antipsychiatry, the role of patients,specific mental disorders and the wider social and cultural context. Two types of historiography can be distinguished: works which have been commissioned by psychiatric institutions (memorial books and academic studies. The first group — apart from some recent memorial books —- tends to be fairly factual and descriptive, whereas the second one is more analytical and sociological. The article concludes by pointing to some gaps in historical research and offering prospects for future research.

  6. Fundamentals of Baculovirus Expression and Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kost, Thomas A; Kemp, Christopher W

    2016-01-01

    In 1982 E. coli produced human insulin, the world's first recombinant DNA drug, was approved by the FDA. Since this historical event, remarkable progress has been made in developing bacterial, yeast, mammalian and insect cell protein expression systems that are used to produce recombinant proteins for both research and clinical applications. Of the available approaches, the insect cell based baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) has proven to be a particularly adaptable system for producing a diverse collection of proteins. Along with E. coli, the system has been valuable for the production of proteins for structural studies, including adequate quantities of difficult to produce G protein-coupled receptors. BEVS has also been used for production of the human papilloma virus vaccine, Cervarix, the first FDA approved insect cell produced product and FluBlok, a vaccine based on the influenza virus hemagglutinin protein. Baculoviruses, modified to contain mammalian promoters (BacMam viruses), have proven to be efficient gene delivery vectors for mammalian cells and provide an alternative transient mammalian cell based protein expression approach to that of plasmid DNA based transfection methodologies. Here we provide an update on recent advances in baculovirus vector development with a focus on the numerous applications of these viruses in basic research and biotechnology. PMID:27165326

  7. Vizuální nástroj pro tvorbu aplikací ve zpracování obrazu

    OpenAIRE

    Horák, Lukáš

    2010-01-01

    Tato diplomová práce se zabývá vytvořením nástroje pro vizuální tvorbu aplikací ve zpracování obrazu, které se provádí pomocí grafického propojování funkčních bloků. Grafické propojování je realizováno pomocí tzv. node editoru, který je implementován v Qt frameworku. Qt framework je využit napříč celým projektem, pro uživatelské rozhraní a správu dynamických knihoven. Knihovna OpenCV je využita jako základ pro zpracování obrazu. Tento nástroj je možné rozšiřovat o další metody zpracování pomo...

  8. Kardiotokograf - sledování kontrakcí

    OpenAIRE

    Vítek, Milan

    2015-01-01

    Cílem této práce je prostudování principu činnosti kardiotokografu při monitorování života plodu, dále formulace hlavních požadavků na toto zařízení a definování parametrů sledovaných biosignálů. Tyto poznatky jsou doloženy literární rešerší. Na základě poznatků je vypracován systémový návrh kardiotokografu s vymezením hlavních parametrů jednotlivých funkčních bloků, se zaměřením na snímání kontrakcí. V práci je vypracováno obvodové řešení části pro snímání kontrakcí včetně návrhu snímače. Fu...

  9. A Review of Discrete Element Method (DEM) Particle Shapes and Size Distributions for Lunar Soil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, John E.; Metzger, Philip T.; Wilkinson, R. Allen

    2010-01-01

    As part of ongoing efforts to develop models of lunar soil mechanics, this report reviews two topics that are important to discrete element method (DEM) modeling the behavior of soils (such as lunar soils): (1) methods of modeling particle shapes and (2) analytical representations of particle size distribution. The choice of particle shape complexity is driven primarily by opposing tradeoffs with total number of particles, computer memory, and total simulation computer processing time. The choice is also dependent on available DEM software capabilities. For example, PFC2D/PFC3D and EDEM support clustering of spheres; MIMES incorporates superquadric particle shapes; and BLOKS3D provides polyhedra shapes. Most commercial and custom DEM software supports some type of complex particle shape beyond the standard sphere. Convex polyhedra, clusters of spheres and single parametric particle shapes such as the ellipsoid, polyellipsoid, and superquadric, are all motivated by the desire to introduce asymmetry into the particle shape, as well as edges and corners, in order to better simulate actual granular particle shapes and behavior. An empirical particle size distribution (PSD) formula is shown to fit desert sand data from Bagnold. Particle size data of JSC-1a obtained from a fine particle analyzer at the NASA Kennedy Space Center is also fitted to a similar empirical PSD function.

  10. Návrh a konstrukce komba pro elektrickou kytaru

    OpenAIRE

    Obr, Viktor

    2012-01-01

    Text této bakalářské práce popisuje návrh a konstrukci komba pro elektrickou kytaru. První část se zabývá historií kytarových zesilovačů a teorií návrhu jednotlivých bloků komba. Druhá část pak obsahuje konkrétní návrhy kytarových efektů (fuzz a tremolo), korekčního předzesilovače, koncového zesilovače s integrovaným obvodem TDA7293V, napájecích zdrojů pro jednotlivé bloky a výběr reproduktorů pro kombo. Jednotlivé efekty a předzesilovač jsou také nasimulovány pomocí PSpice. V poslední části ...

  11. Implementasi Convolutional Code dan Viterbi Decode pada DSK TMS320C6416T

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Kusumasari Rosita

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Dalam sistem komunikasi digital modern, dimana data ditransmisikan dalam bentuk bit-bit biner, dibutuhkan sistem yang tahan terhadap noise yang terdapat pada kanal transmisi, hal ini dibutuhkan agar data yang ditransmisikan  tersebut dapat diterima dengan benar. Kesalahan dalam pengiriman atau penerimaan data merupakan permasalahan yang mendasar yang memberikan dampak yang sangat signifikan pada sistem komunikasi. Untuk mengatasinya, maka diperlukan suatu metode pengkodean kanal yang mampu  mendeteksi kesalahan dan mengkoreksi kesalahan. Pada tugas akhir ini konvolusi code diimplementasikan pada sebuah DSP card seri TMS320C6416T untuk mengatasi masalah sistem komunikasi tersebut. Kode konvolusi  merupakan teknik Error Control Coding  untuk mendeteksi dan mengkoreksi error pada informasi akibat pengaruh noise. Analisis meliputi nilai BER yang diperoleh dengan mengubah parameter Eb/No pada blok AWGN,  dan uji coba rangkaian menggunakan DSK TMS320C6416T. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sistem yang menggunakan konvolusi code dan viterbi decode dapat menurunkan probabilitas error dibandingkan dengan sistem model yang tidak menggunakan konvolusi code dan viterbi decode.

  12. Technicko-ekonomická analýza dat z provozu moderní spalovny komunálních odpadů

    OpenAIRE

    Kropáč, Jiří

    2008-01-01

    Cílem diplomové práce je sestavení modelu termického bloku a systému využití tepla moderní jednotky pro energetické využívání tuhých komunálních odpadů. Model je založen na hmotnostních a entalpických bilancích a umožňuje odhadnout množství tepla předaného napájecí vodě v sekundární spalovací komoře, tedy mimo blok výměny tepla. Dále je model ověřen na základě vložení reálných dat z provozu zařízení o roční kapacitě 100 kt a využit pro analýzu vlivu měnících se vstupních parametrů v souvislos...

  13. Ultrazvukový měřič rychlosti toku krve

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlík, Dušan

    2011-01-01

    Práce se zabývá systémovým návrhem ultrazvukového měřiče rychlosti toku krve s důrazem na praktickou realizaci takovéhoto zařízení. Jedná se o lékařský přístroj v praxi používaný v ultrazvukové diagnostice, především při měření směru a rychlosti krevních toků v povrchových cévách. Práce obsahuje postupný návrh včetně popisu jednotlivých funkčních bloků. Rovněž jsou přiloženy podklady pro výrobu oboustranné desky plošných spojů. This thesis deals with ultrasound blood flow meter design with...

  14. Ultrazvukový průtokoměr pro dialyzační monitor

    OpenAIRE

    KROHOVÁ, Lucie

    2014-01-01

    Hlavním cílem této diplomové práce je seznámení se s principem hemodialýzy, metodami měření průtoků krve a vytvoření systémového a obvodového návrhu měřiče průtoku krve. Práce obsahuje úvod do hemodialýzy, popis dialyzačního monitoru, rozdělení ultrazvukových měřičů průtoku, systémový návrh měřiče průtoku krve se stručným popisem jednotlivých funkčních bloků, obvodové schéma měřiče průtoku a experimentální ověření obvodu. Práce dále zahrnuje seznam použitých součástek, výkres plošného spoje a...

  15. Peningkatan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar Siswa dalam Turunan Fungsi Melalui Model Pembelajaran Jigsaw Berbantuan Student Activitie’s Handout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoirul Anwar

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi aktivitas siswa yang rendah dan hasil belajar siswa yang belum mencapai kriteria ketuntasan minimal yang telah ditetapkan. Di samping itu, model pembelajaran yang diterapkan guru monoton. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa pada materi turunan fungsi akibat pembelajaran yang menggunakan model pembelajaran Jigsaw berbantuan Student Activitie’s Hand Out. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan tiga siklus. Subyek penelitian ini siswa kelas XI IPA-2 SMA Negeri 1 Dempet Demak semester genap tahun pelajaran 2013/2014. Pengambilan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik observasi dan angket yang selanjutnya dianalisis sebagai data kualitatif, serta penilaian hasil ulangan blok dianalisis sebagai data kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model pembelajaran Jigsaw berbantuan student Activitie’s Hand Out dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa dengan rata – rata mencapai 7,45 dengan jumlah siswa yang tuntas mencapai 86,67%, meningkatkan aktivitas siswa sebesar 91,67% dengan tingkat kerja sama 3,75 (baik sekali dan antusiasme  4,00 (baik sekali, dan respon siswa terhadap model pembelajaran yang telah diterapkan adalah sangat positif (79,17%. Oleh karena itu, model pembelajaran Jigsaw berbantuan student Activitie’s Hand Out dapat diterapkan pada pembelajaran matematika, khsususnya turunan fungsi. 

  16. Analisa Umur Kelelahan Sambungan Kaki Jack-Up Dengan Mudmat Pada Maleo MOPU Dengan Pendekatan Fracture Mechanics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abi Latiful Hakim

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Jack-Up adalah suatu struktur bangunan lepas pantai yang terdiri dari lambung (hull, kaki (legs, dan suatu sistem jacking sehingga memungkinkan untuk dipindahkan dari satu lokasi ke lokasi yang lain. Pada penelitian ini akan dilakukan studi kasus struktur Maleo MOPU (Mobile Offshore Production Unit yang dioperasikan oleh SANTOS (Madura Pty.Ltd. yang beroperasi di Selat Madura blok Maleo dengan kedalaman perairan di lokasi ini adalah 57 m terhadap MSL (Mean Sea Level. Studi kasus ini dilakukan karena ditemukan indikator retak lelah pada sambungan antara kaki jack-up dan mudmat. Analisa kelelahan dengan pendekatan metode kepecahan (fracture mechanics akan dilakukan untuk menganalisa retak lelah yang terjadi. Variasi kedalaman retak akan dianalisa untuk menentukan umur kelelahan struktur yang tersisa berdasarkan kriteria kegagalan. Keretakan yang terjadi akan mengalami perambatan retak akibat beban siklis yang diterima, dan terus merambat hingga menembus ketebalan dari kaki Jack-Up atau yang disebut dengan through-thickness crack. Analisa dilakukan dengan bantuan pemodelan elemen hingga secara global dan pemodelan elemen hingga secara lokal. DNV OS C101 menyebutkan bahwa definisi kegagalan kelelahan  terjadi ketika retak merambat hingga mencapai ketebalan. Dari pemodelan metode elemen hingga didapatkan besarnya nilai tegangan di sekitar ujung retakan. Dengan menggunakan persamaan Paris-Erdogan didapatkan sisa umur sambungan tersebut sebesar 5.2 tahun.

  17. Vysokofrekvenční a mezifrekvenční obvody krátkovlnné radiostanice

    OpenAIRE

    Šnajdr, Václav

    2009-01-01

    Diplomová práce se zabývá studiem, popisem, návrhem a realizací vybraných bloků vícepásmové krátkovlnné radiostanice. Práce se rovněž zaměřuje na koncepci vícepásmových krátkovlnných radiostanic, přičemž důraz je kladen zejména na vysokofrekvenční a mezifrekvenční obvody. První kapitola je věnována popisu navrženého blokového schématu transceiveru, který je koncipován v superheterodynním zapojení. Práce dále popisuje návrh vstupních pásmových filtrů, mezifrekvenčních krystalových filtrů a výs...

  18. Řízení modelu výtahu

    OpenAIRE

    Žůrek, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Tato práce se zabývá návrhem algoritmu řízení laboratorního modelu výtahu a vizualizací v programu Factory Talk View Studio. V úvodu práce je stručně popsána průmyslová komunikační síť AS-Interface a v praxi používané algoritmy řízení výtahů. V další kapitole je popsáno uspořádání a jednotlivé části laboratorního modelu výtahu. V neposlední řadě se zde řeší také komunikace mezi patry výtahu, kabinou a masterem AS-Interface a návrh funkčních bloků v programu RSLogix 5000. Hlavní náplní diplomo...

  19. Implementasi Encoder dan Decoder Cyclic Redundancy Check Pada TMS320C6416T

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace Natalia

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available CRC merupakan metode yang paling populer digunakan saat ini karena kemampuanya paling baik dalam mendeteksi error. Pada Tugas Akhir ini memaparkan bagaimana CRC diimplementasikan pada TMS320C6416T. Evaluasi yang akan diteliti yaitu kinerja proses encoder dan decoder CRC sebagai fungsi Eb/No dari error per blok melalui kanal ideal AWGN  dengan modulasi BPSK serta melihat seberapa besar kemampuan CRC dalam mendeteksi kesalahan. Pengujian yang dilakukan melalui simulink matlab dan implementasi secara real ke dalam TMS320C6416T.  Adapun kode CRC yang dipilih yaitu CRC-8 dan CRC-16 dimana pada implementasi pada TMS dilakukan pengiriman sebesar 100.000 bit dalam 12.500 frame.  Hasil pengujian yang diperoleh yaitu jumlah error yang dideteksi pada CRC-8 rata-rata jumlah error adalah 2.750 frame dan rata-rata jumlah error bit informasi  1.957 bit. Sedangkan untuk CRC-16  rata-rata jumlah error adalah 3.520 frame dan rata-rata jumlah error per bit informasi yaitu 1.971 bit. Dari pengujian membuktikan bahwa kemampuan CRC-16 dalam menjaga keamanan data bit informasi jauh lebih baik dibandingkan dengan CRC-8.

  20. Not the state but the new owner will have to sort out the contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Privatisation of Paroplynovy cyklus (PPC), a.s., Bratislava is a bit paradox. Should the winner of the tender for 90-percent of PPC shares succeed and obtain the remaining 10 percent of the shares from Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava it will be managing a heat and electricity producer with a low level of business risk and high efficiency. PPC has long-term delivery contracts signed until 2013. But state-owned business partners of PPC - Slovenske elektrarne (SE) and Bratislavska teplaren (BAT) raised protest against these contracts. And so the privatisation agency FNM decided rather to sell the PPC to a private investor that should then try and settle the problems with these state-owned companies. Fund of National Property (FNM) refused to publish the prices other participants of the tender offered for PPC. The only price known is the winning offer worth 2 bn Sk (49,29 mn Eur) offered by PPC Holding, a.s., Trencin from Penta group. The highest price was offered by energy concern E.on. Director of Section for Establishment and Execution of Shareholders Rights at FNM, Anna Bubenikova informed that the price represented only 65 percent of all criteria taken into account in the tender. 10 percent were represented by business plan and the remaining 25 percent consisted of security, simplicity and the benefits the draft contract offered. Apart from the threat that SE may withdraw from the contract and the uncertainties regarding the control over PPC another risk to be faced by tender participants was a suit with BAT. The Cabinet has not managed to settle the dispute. On a question why the Fund decided to tender a company threatened by a lawsuit with one of its customers A. Bubenikova answered that the problem had already been present at the time the 90-percent stake was transferred to FNM. If the Fund waited for the suit to settle, the sale could be postponed by several years and A. Bubenikova doubts whether this approach would have been more beneficial. She also

  1. Banks offer SE more than it asked for

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    About a year ago, when new management took over the financial department of Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s. the company was in crisis. It faced an acute cash-flow deficit and due loans of over 20 bill. Sk (501.21 mil. Eur). SE could not provide adequate guarantees for the required loans and without state guarantees it was virtually impossible or too expensive to obtain additional loans. But last week the situation changed for the better. Despite the fact that due to the restructuring of SE's loan portfolio, the company will pay the banks 3 bill. Sk (75.18 mil. Eur) less interest over the next three years than under the original arrangements, even the bakers seemed satisfied. A loan portfolio full of non-standard agreements signed with about 30 banks had previously prevented decisions regarding the structure of the company's assets and liabilities.The cabinet refused to admit that SE was in crisis and offered SE for sale, although it could not be privatised due to its debt structure and the fact that it was close to default. Despite this unfavourable situation, company economists decided to make an offensive move -in cooperation with a small group of banks they converted the tens of company loan agreements into a new loan package that will be simpler, cheaper, and with longer maturity periods, which will not require state guarantees. SE managed to restructure debts with a total value of 550 mil. Eur and until these transactions are completed the banks offered SE a bridge loan of 110 mil. Eur. The transaction related to a syndicated loan of 350 mil. Eur which was concluded in April. Eurobonds with a total value of 200 mil. Eur were issued two months later. The banks offered the company more than it requested. Demand for the Eurobond issue exceeded the 200 mil. Eur of bonds on offer. (author)

  2. The last season of cheap electricity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The former 'Mr. SuperCEZ', as the Czech media often used to call Jaroslav Mil, claims he is not a nuclear fundamentalist. But in his opinion without the use of nuclear energy, Europe must expect an increase in the electricity price. The experience of the former director of CEZ caught the attention of the Italian directors of Enel and so he is now a member of the Board of Directors of Slovenske elektrarne. He criticises EU measures that do not offer a solution for either the energy sector or environment protection but make investments in the replacement of decommissioned European power stations uncertain. He says he is not an uncritical advocate of nuclear power, but in his opinion we do not have much choice. Energy consumption is growing fast and resources are being depleted. And if Europe does not want to become dependent on Russia there is no other option. Unless we want Putin's vision to come true: coal and nuclear resources will be kept by Russia for internal use and gas is for export. In the opinion of J. Mil, politicians are often populists and are only doing their jobs. They think in terms of 4-year election periods and then only in the better cases. He recalls that in 2000 politicians seriously considered the possibility of closing down the Temelin nuclear power station in the Czech Republic. As long as there is electricity in the sockets and the bulbs are glowing there is no crisis. The crisis will come when there is no electricity. He stresses that there will always be electricity but for a different price. He mentioned emission permits as an example of the attitude politicians have. This is a useless measure that only supports big business available to a narrow circle which does not help the environment at all. The Kyoto protocol without China, Brazil, India and the USA is a nightmare and does not solve anything in his opinion. (authors)

  3. Slovak companies not pleased by compromise with Brussels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sale and purchase of carbon dioxide emissions used to be a topic only of interest to environmentalists - until it started to be about money. Industrial associations in Western Europe started fighting for higher quotas earlier than in Slovakia. Initially, Slovak companies were satisfied with the quotas proposed as these did not force them to decrease production, or invest extensively in more environmentally friendly production, or purchase emission permits for exceeding the quotas set. Everything changed after the European Commission approved the Slovak plan in autumn last year. This set a limit 14% lower than the original proposal. The largest Slovak producer of carbon dioxide - U.S.Steel Kosice - challenged the new quotas directly at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. But other producers also object. 'The decrease is an unfortunate and strategically bad move for Slovakia,' said the Head of the Environmental Department at Slovenske elektrarne (Slovak Electric), Branislav Mihaly. And added that the Ministry of Environment was fully responsible for this situation. 'Including the political responsibility of Minister Laszlo Miklos,' he added. Given a quota reduction of 14%, he considers it very likely that Slovak Electric will follow the example of the Kosice steel works. The state must allocate the new quotas before the end of February. The Ministry announced that for large sources, it would seek solutions by individual negotiations. For smaller sources there would be a flat rate decrease. In theory, if companies were to take full advantage of the original quotas, the new allocation plan would cost them 40 to 50 mil. EUR (1.6 -2 bill. Slovak crowns). TREND based its calculation on the current market price of emissions - 8-10 EUR/ton of carbon dioxide

  4. Slovak Electric, Plc., 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, Plc., abbrevation 'SE, a.s.') is the Slovak electricity generating utility, incorporated on November 1, 1994 as one of new companies formed from substantially all of the assets and a legal successor of Slovensky energeticky podnik, s.p., founded on January 1, 1969 in the form of SEP group. From its predecessor, Slovak Electric, Plc., took over generation of power, operation of 220 kV and 400 kV power system, transit, import, export, and sale of electricity. It is also involved in generation, distribution, and sale of heat. At present, SE's share of electriciry sales in the Slovak Republic is 88.47%. Electricity is delivered to three regional distribution companies and directly to several major industrial enterprises. SE, a.s. operates one nuclear power station, three thermal power plants, and 30 hydro power plants. The second nuclear power plant is under construction (state up tu June 1997) and SE is participating in the construction of two hydro power plants and one combined cycle power plant. The efforts of SE, s.a. focus on the generation of power and heat with minimal environmental impacts. Ecology is given priority in the SE, a.s. development programmes. SE's mission is to permanently satisfy customers' needs, for an acceptable price and with minimal environmental impact. On this CD ROM next chapters are presented: (1) The structure of the Company; (2) Production units; (3) The economic power of the Company; (4) The operation culture; (5) The strategic plans of the Company

  5. Bio gas becomes a business

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At first glance, energy produced from biogas is not the most refined of businesses. But it is a developing business. In North America and in Western Europe, farmers have already built hundreds of biogas facilities that use biogas from rotting maize silage; old grain; or pig, cow and chicken dung to produce electricity and heat. Most Slovak farmers have never got further then discussing these possibilities. There are only five such facilities in Slovakia. All of them have a fairly small output of a maximum of a few tens or hundreds of kilowatts. But what improves the image of this badly smelling business is the aim of developed countries to replace oil, coal and gas imports with renewable energy sources. And they are doing so in spite of the fact that the electricity produced from biogas is several times more expensive than energy produced from coal or nuclear fuel. The European Union and consequently Slovakia has decided that consumers have to accept these higher prices and so help these new energy sources to develop. Slovenske elektrarne with its nuclear, thermal and hydro-electric power plants will continue to sell electric power for about 1700 Slovak crowns (Sk) (50,60 EUR) per megawatt hour this year. The Office for Regulation of Network Industries has permitted biogas facility operators to sell their electricity to distributors for 4200 Sk (125 EUR) per megawatt hour from the beginning of this year. That is about twice as much as last year. This is intended as a clear signal to potential investors to invest and launch production. (authors)

  6. Separation of radionuclides using host-guest materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis is focused on the development of complex procedure with using commercially available sorbents to separate anthropogenic actinides 237Np, 241Am, 238Pu and 239,240Pu and their determination in the liquid radioactive wastes by using alpha spectrometry. Abilities of using commercially available sorbent AnaLig(R)Pu-02 gel from IBC Advanced Technologies, Inc. were tested, this product belongs to host-guest materials based on molecular recognition technology. This material is capable of selectively capturing actinides in oxidation state IV. To adjust the oxidation state of 238Pu and 239,240Pu was used NaNO2. Pu(IV) forms in the medium of nitric acid complexes, [Np(NO3)6]-, which are captured on the column. For the second monitored radionuclide, neptunium is typical valence V, Np(V) in the concentrated nitric acid produces strong complexes, [Np(NO3)6]-, which are capable of the sorption on the column of AnaLig(R)Pu-02 gel. The most common state of americium in aqueous solutions is III. Whereas in this oxidation state, americium do not form complexes in 8 mol·dm-3 nitric acid is the result of the flow-through. On the base of experimental obtained results, solution of 0.1 mol·dm-3 NH4I in 9 mol·dm-3 HCl was selected for elution of plutonium. Neptunium was eluted from the column using 9 mol·dm-3 of HCl with addition of 0.5 cm3 TiCl3. Optimizing conditions for the separation procedure was performed by using model solution of radioactive waste which was prepared according to the chemical composition of radioactive concentrate from NPP Mochovce and NPP Bohunice. The effect of the concentration of Fe3+, the effect of the concentration of the HCl, the effect of the concentration of the solution of NH4I and the effect of the volume of this solution to the yields of 238Pu were studied. And also was studied the effect of 9 mol·dm-3 of HCl and the effect of volume of 15 % TiCl3 to the yields of 237Np. Sorbent DGA(R) Resin from EiChrom Technologies, LLC was used for

  7. Effective policy for sustainable behavior. A thematic comparison [in the Netherlands]; Effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag. Een thematische vergelijking [in Nederland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunsting, S.; Uyterlinde, M.; Tigchelaar, C.; Pol, M. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands); Breukers, S.; Mourik, R.; Backhaus, J.; Mathijsen, T. [DuneWorks, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2013-07-15

    behaviour; (e) allow for sufficient time to let behavioural change diffuse through society and support this process with consistent programmes and policies. In the wider context, programs and interventions would benefit from a more integrated policy approach to sustainable behaviours across domains. Furthermore, particularly at times when the government is withdrawing and investments in sustainable behavioural programmes are decreasing, it is vital to allow local governments, intermediary parties, stakeholders and end users as much freedom as possible to link and cooperate as they see fit. Finally, to foster the growth of such local initiatives, there is a need for platforms to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and expertise and to connect initiatives at different levels [Dutch] Als achtergrondstudie voor het advies Duurzame gedragspatronen zijn twee onderzoeken uitgevoerd naar effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag (1) in Nederland en (2) internationaal. De twee rapporten beschrijven een aantal beleidscases die vanuit gedragskundig perspectief geanalyseerd zijn. De bestudeerde thema's en de te analyseren beleidscases: Huishoudelijk energiegebruik: Blok voor blok/ Meer met Minder en energielabels voor woningen en huishoudelijke apparaten; Voedselconsumptie: smaaklessen en stadslandbouw; Persoonlijke mobiliteit: het nieuwe rijden en mobiliteitsmanagement (spitsmijden Noord-Brabant); Huishoudelijk afval: Plastic Heros en Diftar (gedifferentieerde afvaltarieven). Dit rapport is de thematische vergelijking voor Nederland.

  8. Structural seismic upgrading of NPPs in Czech and Slovak republics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David, M. [DAVID Consulting, Engineering and Design Office, Prague (Czech Republic)

    1997-03-01

    Several Nuclear Power Plants of the VVER type has been constructed during the past years in former Czechoslovak Republic. Some of them has been already put in operation and some of them are under construction. Nuclear Power Plants V1(2 units of VVER 440/230), V2(2 units of VVER 440/213) in Slovak and NPP Dukovany (4 units of VVER 440/213) in Czech republic are in operation. NPP Mochovce (4 units of VVER 440/213) in Slovak and NPP Temelin (4 units reduced now to 2 units VVER 1000) have been already almost completed, but still under construction. All above cited NPPs have not been either explicitly designed against earthquake or the design against earthquake or its input data must be upgraded to be compatible with present requirements. The upgrading of seismic input as well the seismic upgrading of all structures and technological equipments for so many NPPs has involved a lot of comprehensive work in Czech as well as in Slovak republics. The upgrading cannot be completed in a short time and as a rule the seismic upgrading has been usually performed in several steps, beginning with the most important arrangements against seismic hazard. The basic principles and requirements for seismic upgrading has been defined in accordance with the international and particularly with the IAEA recommendations. About the requirements for seismic upgrading of NPPs in Czech and Slovak republics will be reported in other contribution. This contribution is dealing with the problems of seismic upgrading of NNPs civil engineering structures. The aim of this contribution is to point out some specific problems connected firstly with very complicated concept of Versa structures and secondly with the difficult task to increase the structural capacity to the required seismic level. (J.P.N.)

  9. Atoms in Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this book the history of development of using of nuclear energy in the Slovak Republic as well as in the Czechoslovakia (before 1993 year) is presented. The aim of the book is to preserve the memory of the period when the creation and development of nuclear physics, technology, nuclear medicine, radioecology and energetics in Slovakia occurred - as witnessed by people who experienced this period and to adapt it to future generations. The Editorial board of the SNUS collected the views of 60 contributors and distinguished workers - Slovakian experts in nuclear science, education and technology. Calling upon a wide spectrum of experts ensured an objective historical description of the period. A huge amount of subjective views on recent decades were collected and supported by a wealth of photographic documentation. This created a synthesised reflection on the history of the 'atoms' in Slovakia. The book contains 15 tables, 192 black and white and 119 colour pictures from around the world and from places involved in the compilation of the study and with the study of atomic science in Slovakia. The main chapters are as follows: Atoms in the world, Atoms in Slovakia, Atoms in the educational system, Atoms in health services (Radiology, Nuclear medicine, Radiation protection, the Cyclotron centre of the Slovak Republic), Radioecology, Other applications of irradiation, Nuclear energetics (Electric energy in the second half of the 20th century, NPP Bohunice, NPP Mochovce, the back-end of Nuclear energetics, Big names in Nuclear energetics in Slovakia), Chronology and an Appendix entitled 'Slovak companies in nuclear energetics'

  10. Case law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This section treats of the following case laws: 1 - Canada: Decision of the Canadian Federal Court of Appeal overturning a decision to send back for reconsideration an environmental assessment of a proposed new nuclear power plant in Ontario; 2 - France: Council of State decision, 28 November 2014, Federation 'Reseau sortir du nucleaire' (Nuclear Phase-Out network) and others vs. Electricite de France (EDF), Request No. 367013 for the annulment of: - The resolution of the French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) dated 4 July 2011 specifying additional regulations for Electricite de France (EDF) designed to strengthen the reactor basemat of reactor No. 1 in the Fessenheim nuclear power plant, and - The resolution of ASN dated 19 December 2012 approving the start of work on reinforcing the reactor basemat in accordance with the dossier submitted by EDF; 3 - Germany: Judgment of the European Court of Justice on the nuclear fuel tax; 4 - India: Judgment of the High Court of Kerala in a public interest litigation challenging the constitutional validity of the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010; 5 - Japan - District court decisions on lawsuits related to the restart of Sendai NPP and Takahama NPP; 6 - Poland: Decision of the Masovian Voivod concerning the legality of the resolution on holding a local referendum in the Commune of Rozan regarding a new radioactive waste repository; Certain provisions of the Regulation of the Minister of Health of 18 February 2011 on the conditions for safe use of ionising radiation for all types of medical exposure have been declared unconstitutional by a judgment pronounced by the Constitutional Tribunal; 7 - Slovak Republic: Developments in relation to the disclosure of information concerning the Mochovce nuclear power plant

  11. Structural seismic upgrading of NPPs in Czech and Slovak republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several Nuclear Power Plants of the VVER type has been constructed during the past years in former Czechoslovak Republic. Some of them has been already put in operation and some of them are under construction. Nuclear Power Plants V1(2 units of VVER 440/230), V2(2 units of VVER 440/213) in Slovak and NPP Dukovany (4 units of VVER 440/213) in Czech republic are in operation. NPP Mochovce (4 units of VVER 440/213) in Slovak and NPP Temelin (4 units reduced now to 2 units VVER 1000) have been already almost completed, but still under construction. All above cited NPPs have not been either explicitly designed against earthquake or the design against earthquake or its input data must be upgraded to be compatible with present requirements. The upgrading of seismic input as well the seismic upgrading of all structures and technological equipments for so many NPPs has involved a lot of comprehensive work in Czech as well as in Slovak republics. The upgrading cannot be completed in a short time and as a rule the seismic upgrading has been usually performed in several steps, beginning with the most important arrangements against seismic hazard. The basic principles and requirements for seismic upgrading has been defined in accordance with the international and particularly with the IAEA recommendations. About the requirements for seismic upgrading of NPPs in Czech and Slovak republics will be reported in other contribution. This contribution is dealing with the problems of seismic upgrading of NNPs civil engineering structures. The aim of this contribution is to point out some specific problems connected firstly with very complicated concept of Versa structures and secondly with the difficult task to increase the structural capacity to the required seismic level. (J.P.N.)

  12. Review of decommissioning, spent fuel and radwaste management in Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two nuclear power plants with two WWER reactors are currently under operation in Jaslovske Bohunice and NPP A-1 is under decommissioning on the same site. At the second nuclear site in the Slovak Republic in Mochovce third nuclear power plant with two units is in operation. In accordance with the basic Slovak legislation (Act on Peaceful Utilisation of Nuclear Energy) defining the responsibilities, roles and authorities for all organisations involved in the decommissioning of nuclear installations Nuclear Regulatory Authority requires submission of conceptual decommissioning plans by the licensee. The term 'decommissioning' is used to describe the set of actions to be taken at the end of the useful life of a facility, in order to retire the facility from service while, simultaneously, ensuring proper protection of the workers, the general public and the environment. This set of activities is in principle comprised of planning and organisation of decommissioning inclusive strategy development, post-operational activities, implementation of decommissioning (physical and radiological characterisation, decontamination, dismantling and demolition, waste and spent fuel management), radiological, aspects, completion of decommissioning as well as ensuring of funding for these activities. Responsibility for nuclear installations decommissioning, radwaste and spent fuel, management in Slovakia is with a subsidiary of Slovak Electric called Nuclear Installations Decommissioning Radwaste and Spent Fuel Management (acronym SE VYZ), established on January 1, 1996. This paper provides description of an approach to planning of the NPP A-1 and NPPs with WWER reactors decommissioning, realisation of treatment, conditioning and disposal of radwaste, as well as spent fuel management in Slovakia. It takes into account that detail papers on all these issues will follow later during this meeting. (author)

  13. Foreword

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper Mr. Pavol Rusko, Vice-Premier Minister and Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic deals with Slovak energy power industry and with the current issue in relation to the completion of the 3rd and 4th blocks of the Mochovce nuclear power plants. The significant milestone either for the whole Slovak economy or for the electric engineering industry is the first May 2004, when the Slovak Republic became a member of the great European Union. It can be stated with great delight that the basic development trends correspondent to the conditions of globalisation, internationalisation of relationships and competitiveness of own production. Privatisation of the state enterprises and the ongoing reconstruction have stabilised developments of the electric engineering industry, what is reflected at present not only to the economic results, but also to the ongoing interest of foreign investors. The companies like Siemens, Alcatel, Matsushita, Molex and others became in Slovakia important investors. The world giants as Sony and Samsung promise dramatic changes that would shift the electric engineering industry to the second position, immediately after the car making industry. The export efficiency of this industry is very interesting from the view of the Slovak Republic Ministry of Economy. For the last year it covered 11.4 % of total exporting of the all industries and such trend appears as long-term. The electric engineering industry as the only processing industry in Slovakia has reported since 1998 the growth of employment. It reached the 3rd place in terms of employment after the mechanical engineering industry and the light industry

  14. OE Management at CEZ, a.s, Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Brief description of nuclear facility. Two nuclear power plants: Dukovany WWER 4 x 440 MWe, in operation since 1985, Temelin WWER 2 x 1000 MWe, in operation since 2000. Overview of OE arrangements. The groups of internal OE are independent of operation; there is one leader and two engineers at each site; The group of external OE is common for both plants and comprises one leader and two engineers; The process documentation is common for both plants. Management arrangements Process goal To contribute to the permanent improvement of the safe and reliable operation of nuclear power plants in the Czech Republic and to prevent the occurrence of significant events, particularly from repeating causes. Principles: Safety culture; Teamwork; Openness; Trust. Mistakes, if they occur, are used as a source of useful experience. Staff are encouraged to find, report and clear shortcomings in the work in order to prevent possible future problems. The threshold is set uniformly for both plants. Key Focus areas. Dukovany nuclear power plant: Stabilization in both categories (significant events and failures); Focusing on the operational staff induced events. Temelin nuclear power plant: Continuous decrease in the category of significant events; Focus on supply induced events. Successes: Evaluations of both power stations and in particular of the OE programme, by international missions from WANO and OSART have been positive. Challenges: A period of event free operation is needed so that public opinion will be supportive of the construction of a new nuclear unit power plant. Good practices to share: Separation of the OE management process from responsibility for operation; Direct exchange of information among VVER operators (Temelin, Dukovany, Bohunice, Mochovce, Paks)

  15. Analisis Integritas Struktur Kaki Jack-up yang Mengalami Retak dengan Pendekatan Ultimate Strength; Studi Kasus Jack-up Maleo MOPU (Mobile Offshore Production Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alit Winiscoyo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Jack-up adalah suatu struktur bangunan lepas pantai yang terdiri dari lambung (hull, kaki (legs, dan suatu sistem jacking sehingga memungkinkan untuk dipindahkan dari satu lokasi ke lokasi yang lain. Pada penelitian ini akan dilakukan studi kasus struktur Maleo MOPU (Mobile Offshore Production Unit yang dioperasikan oleh SANTOS (Madura Pty.Ltd. yang beroperasi di Selat Madura blok Maleo dengan kedalaman perairan di lokasi ini adalah 57 m terhadap MSL (Mean Sea Level. Studi kasus ini dilakukan karena ditemukan indikator retak lelah/damage pada sambungan antara kaki jack-up dan mudmat. Analisis ultimate strength akan dilakukan untuk mengetahui integritas struktur terhadap beban maksimal . Variasi dead load, live load dan environmental load menjadi tahapan penting dalam analisa ini untuk mengetahui tingkat integritas struktur. Dengan pengaruh variasi beban (dead load dan live load terhadap struktur untuk tiap-tiap kasus didapatkan nilai unity check (UC yang dari semua kasus dikategorikan aman karena tidak ada nilai UC yang melebihi 1,3 (API RP 2A WSD. Dari semua analisis yang dilakukan dead load lebih berpengaruh dibandingkan dengan live load. Dari analisis pushover yang telah dilakukan pada jack-up Maleo MOPU yang dimitigasi dengan menambahkan brace dan menambahkan ketebalan dihasilkan nilai Reserve Strength Ratio (RSR terkecil pada arah pembebanan 2700 dengan nilai 6,5 pada Brace Clamp case dan terbesar dengan nilai 18,3 pada X-Bracing case. Nilai RSR tersebut masih memenuhi syarat yang telah ditetapkan API RP 2A berupa nilai RSR minimal untuk platform berpenghuni adalah 1,6.  

  16. Effect of organoseleneium compound DHSred on gamma radiation induced chromosome aberrations and micronucleus in blood lymphocytes and V79 CH cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiments were carried out using the blood samples from two healthy donors to assess the modifying effects of organoseleneium compound, DL-trans-3,4-dihydroxy-1-selenolane (DHSred), on Cobalt-60 gamma radiation induced chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes. The compound DHSred is water soluble and has been found to be non-toxic and exhibit antioxidant and radioprotective activity. Radiation dose employed was 4 Gy whereas DHSred pre-treatment was carried out with concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 10 μg/ml. The results indicated that DHSred pre-treatment significantly decreased the frequency of radiation induced dicentric aberrations in a dose dependant manner. The highest reduction of 54% was observed with 0.5 μg/ml of DHSred pretreatment. In another experiment exponentially growing V79 CH (lung, Chinese Hamster) cells were used. The induced damage was measured by Cytokinesis blocked micronucleus assay. V79 CH cells treated without or with DHSred (0.1 - 3 μg/ml) for 1h were exposed to 2Gy of gamma radiation. About 3h after irradiation the drug containing medium was replaced with fresh medium containing 5 μg/ml cytochalasin B to blok Cytokinesis. The cells were allowed to grow for further 16 h and slides were prepared by modified protocol of Fenech and Morely. The results indicated significant reduction (45-60%) in the radiation induced MN frequency and protection of blood lymphocyte. Being non-toxic and water soluble this compound, DHSred can be explored for potential application in radiotherapy and radioprotection. (author)

  17. A Further Study on the Position of Lermontov in the History of the Russian Literature%再论莱蒙托夫在俄罗斯文学史中的地位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓敏

    2014-01-01

    莱蒙托夫是19世纪俄罗斯文学中继普希金之后的一位重要作家。莱蒙托夫在俄罗斯文学史中的地位是不容忽视的。在谈及莱蒙托夫的创作时不可避免地会谈到他对普希金的模仿问题,但是他的创作特色也同样十分突出,因而在俄罗斯文学中形成了一种莱蒙托夫传统,而这种传统在后来19世纪作家陀思妥耶夫斯基、托尔斯泰的创作中,在白银时代作家勃洛克、勃留索夫、古米廖夫等诗人的创作中得到了延续。%Lermontov is an important writer in the Russian literature of the 19 th century after Pushkin.The position of Lermontov in the history of Russian literatuer cannot be ignored.When it comes to the creation of Lermontov, it is inevitable to refer to his imitation of Pushkin.However, the u-niqueness of Lermontov's creation makes his works outstanding.Therefor, a certain kind of Lermontov tradition has been formed in the Russian literature, which has been developed in the 19th century by Dostoyevsky and Tolstoy, and by some writers or poets of the Silver age, like Blok, Bryusov and Gu-milev.

  18. Comparison between Scheduling Techniques in Long Term Evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. H. Habaebi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Long-Term Evolution (LTE is a recently evolving technology characterized by very high speed data rate that allows users to access internet through their mobile as well as through other electronic devices.  Such technology is intended to support variety of IP-based heterogeneous traffic types. Traffic scheduling plays an important role in LTE technology by assigning the shared resources among users in the most efficient manner. This paper discusses the performance of three types of scheduling algorithms namely: Round Robin, best Channel Quality Indicator (CQI and Proportional Fair (PF schedulers representing the extreme cases in scheduling. The scheduling algorithms performances on the downlink were measured in terms of throughput and block error rate using a MATLAB-based system level simulation. Results indicate that the best CQI algorithm outperforms other algorithms in terms of throughput levels but on the expense of fairness to other users suffering from bad channel conditions. ABSTRAK: Teknologi baru Evolusi Jangka Panjang (LTE sentiasa berubah dan ia bercirikan kelajuan kadar data sangat tinggi yang membolehkan pengguna mengakses internet melalui telefon bimbit dan peranti elektronik lain. Teknologi seperti ini bertujuan menyokong pelbagai jenis trafik heterogen berasaskan IP. Penjadualan trafik memainkan peranan penting dalam teknologi LTE bagi mengagihkan sumber perkongsian secara paling berkesan di kalangan pengguna. Kertas ini membincangkan prestasi tiga jenis algoritma penjadualan iaitu: pusingan Robin, penunjuk kualiti saluran (CQI terbaik dan  penjadualan berkadar adil (PF yang merupakan kes ekstrem dalam penjadualan. Prestasi penjadualan Algoritma di pautan turun diukur dari segi daya pemprosesan dan kadar ralat blok melalui simulasi  sistem menggunakan MATLAB. Hasil kajian menunjukkan algoritma CQI adalah yang terbaik berbanding hasil algoritma lain dari segi tahap daya pemprosesan tetapi algoritma ini menyebabkan pengguna lain

  19. STUDI PEMODELAN DAN PERHITUNGAN TRANSPORT MONTE CARLO DALAM TERAS HTR PEBBLE BED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuhair .

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Konsep sistem energi VHTR baik yang berbahan bakar pebble (VHTR pebble bed maupun blok prismatik (VHTR prismatik menarik perhatian fisikawan reaktor nuklir. Salah satu kelebihan teknologi bahan bakar bola adalah menawarkan terobosan teknologi pengisian bahan bakar tanpa harus menghentikan produksi listrik. Selain itu, partikel bahan bakar pebble dengan kernel uranium oksida (UO2 atau uranium oksikarbida (UCO yang dibalut TRISO dan pelapisan silikon karbida (SiC dianggap sebagai opsi utama dengan pertimbangan performa tinggi pada burn-up bahan bakar dan temperatur tinggi. Makalah ini mendiskusikan pemodelan dan perhitungan transport Monte Carlo dalam teras HTR pebble bed. HTR pebble bed adalah reaktor berpendingin gas temperatur tinggi dan bermoderator grafit dengan kemampuan kogenerasi. Perhitungan dikerjakan dengan program MCNP5 pada temperatur 1200 K. Pustaka data nuklir energi kontinu ENDF/B-V dan ENDF/B-VI dimanfaatkan untuk melengkapi analisis. Hasil perhitungan secara keseluruhan menunjukkan konsistensi dengan nilai keff yang hampir sama untuk pustaka data nuklir yang digunakan. Pustaka ENDF/B-VI (66c selalu memproduksi keff lebih besar dibandingkan ENDF/B-V (50c maupun ENDF/B-VI (60c dengan bias kurang dari 0,25%. Kisi BCC memprediksi keff hampir selalu lebih kecil daripada kisi lainnya, khususnya FCC. Nilai keff kisi BCC lebih dekat dengan kisi FCC dengan bias kurang dari 0,19% sedangkan dengan kisi SH bias perhitungannya kurang dari 0,22%. Fraksi packing yang sedikit berbeda (BCC= 61%, SH= 60,459% tidak membuat bias perhitungan menjadi berbeda jauh. Estimasi keff ketiga model kisi menyimpulkan bahwa model BCC lebih bisa diadopsi dalam perhitungan HTR pebble bed dibandingkan model FCC dan SH. Verifikasi hasil estimasi ini perlu dilakukan dengan simulasi Monte Carlo atau bahkan program deterministik lainnya guna optimisasi perhitungan teras reaktor temperatur tinggi.   Kata-kunci: kernel, TRISO, bahan bakar pebble, HTR pebble bed

  20. PENGEMBANGAN PAPAN PEREDAM BUNYI MELALUI MODIFIKASI NANO SILIKAT AMPAS TEBU PG KREMBOENG DENGAN TEMPLATE SERAT SABUT KELAPA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hengky Herdianto

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Manusia memiliki batas kemampuan mendengar suara pada rentang hingga 140 dB, lebih daripada itu akan terjadi kerusakan pada organ-organ dalam gendang telinga. Ampas tebu PG Kremboeng mengandung 70,97% silikat murni yang berpotensi memberikan penguatan pada papan serat dan meningkatkan performa serap bunyi. Metode yang digunakan untuk sintesis nano silikat ampas tebu dilakukan dengan cara Pretreatment BBA, tukar kation silikat, dan pencucian gel kering. Komponen silikat dan produk lain dalam ampas tebu ditentukan menggunakan difraksi sinar-X (XRD. Morfologi xerogels nano silikat dan papan serat telah diteliti dengan menggunakan Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM. Daya serap ditentukan dari berat sebelum dan sesudah perendaman dalam air 24 jam. Pengujian keteguhan patah dan Modulus of Elasticity dilakukan dengan Universal Testing Machine. Uji Internal Bond direkatkan pada dua buah blok alumunium dengan perekat besi dan dibiarkan mengering. Koefisien serap diukur dengan sound level meter. Berdasarkan pola XRD, dapat diketahui bahwa terdeteksi medium silicate hydroxide. Berdasarkan mikrograf SEM dapat diketahui suatu struktur bongkahan yang memanjang halus terdiri atas kumpulan-kumpulan partikel nano silikat pada papan dengan template serat sabut kelapa. Sampel terbaik dalam penelitian ini adalah I (60%;17%;23% dengan nilai DSA 82,38%, MOR 102,84 kg/cm2, MOE 11.228,52 kg/cm2, dan IB 0,83 kg/cm2. Interval nilai koofisien serap taraf intensitas bunyi antar sampel adalah 0,527 < x < 1,000 pada pagi hari, 0,544 < x < 1,000 pada siang hari, dan 0,538 < x < 1,000 pada malam hari. Sehingga secara keseluruhan interval pada segala kondisi waktu adalah 0,527 < x < 1,000

  1. Kualitas Mikrobiologis Udara di Salah Satu Pusat Perbelanjaan di Jakarta Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Pudjadi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The airborne bacteria and fungi in parking building, playground and food court in Blok M Square, South Jakarta, were assessed in order to investigate air quality in one of the shopping center in Jakarta. The air sample was passed through plate count agar and potato dextrose agar using a single-stage multi-orifice Sampler SKC Biostage Standard. Results showed that average microbial concen-trations were 200.17, 101.17, 55, 33 CFU bacteria per m3, and 109.54, 37.69, 27.09 CFU fungi per m3 of air volume in the parking building, the children playground and the food court, respectively. The most dominating bacteria had characteristicsresembleairborne Bacillus subtilis, while the most dominating fungi wereidentified as Cryptococcus sp., Aspergillus spp., Penicillium sp. and Candida sp. The microbial concentrations were different significantly (α=0,05 inall the three areas. In addition, there were strong relationship and significant influence between the concentrations of bacteria and fungi to temperature, humidity and light intensity in in all the three areas based on Pearson correlation analysis. For today, there is no air quality standard specifically for shopping center, so the data were compared tocommon standards for indoor air quality. The concentration of bacteria and fungi met the standard regulated by TheMinistry of Health Republic of IndonesiaNo.1405/MENKES/SK/ XI/2002 about Environmental Requirements for Office and Industrial., i.e <700 CFU/m3, and acceptable according to World Health Organization (WHO with 500 CFU/m3 as a normal condition. In any case, it is advisable to be aware ofthe spread of airborne bacteria and fungi in shopping centersthat are potentially pathogenic.

  2. V. Nabokov’s play with a reader in his written in Russian novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uzbekova G. F.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Playing with the reader is one of the main characteristics of V. Nabokov’s creativity. His books is a “literary crossword puzzle”, charade, and mystification that demand parity, intellectually equal, and with the similar art preferences reader. Reader equally participates with author in an esthetic process. The reader follows the writer-“wizard” in the text, and first, enters game process to take esthetic “pleasure from the text”; second, he is getting involved in the “composite games by rules”. The main means of the organization of literary game in Russian-language novels of V. Nabokov is a play with “someone else’s word”. V. Nabokov addressed to someone else’s texts to mock social writers (N. Chernyshevsky, N. Nekrasov, N. Dobrolyubov, V. Mayakovsky or to degrade a certain hero in parodic and ironic ways. The writer in “someone else’s word” did not mock predecessors similar to his own spirit (W. Shakespeare, A. Pushkin, M. Lermontov, A. Blok, etc., but discredited a modern person who disappeared from the world of the real culture. One of the important composition elements of game in V. Nabokov’s novels is symbolics of key. The theme of keys obviously or indirectly sounds both in the debut Nabokov’s novel “Mashenka” (1926, and in later books: “Invitation to execution” (1936, “Luzhin’s Protection” (1930, “Feat” (1932, and “Gift” (1937. A number of motives is connected with the theme of keys and the closed doors: wandering, homelessness, downtime, initiation, and crossing. The process of searching for those keys is an attempt to find answers to ontological questions, and this is essential for V. Nabokov.

  3. Chapter No.3. Assessment and inspection of nuclear installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The assessment activity of UJD in relation to nuclear installation lies in assessment of safety documentation for constructions realised as nuclear installations, or construction through which changes on nuclear installations are realised. The assessment activity of UJD in 2001 was focused on National Repository of Radwaste in Mochovce, on Radwaste conditioning and treatment technology in Jaslovske Bohunice and on the assessment of documentation for the project of modernisation of Bohunice V-2 NPPs which is under preparation. The assessment of the technical condition of equipment, important in terms of nuclear safety, primarily based on results of in-service inspections and surveillance testing of safety related components and systems, is also a part of the safety assessment of nuclear installation operation. The inspectors take part in training courses and participate in other technical meetings and workshops organised by the IAEA and also take part in special training courses organised by the Nuclear Authorities of European countries, USA and Japan. Bohunice V-1 NPP is equipped with two reactors of WWER 440 type V-230 and was put into operation in 1978-1980 as one of the last nuclear power plants with this type of reactor. Both units of NPP V-1 Bohunice operated in 2001 according to the requirements of energy dispatching at nominal power, or in a regime of tertiary regulation. November 2000, a mission of experts invited by UJD and delegated by IAEA took place at the Bohunice NPPs. The mission members together with experts of the plant operator assessed the safety of the units of WWER-440/V-230 of Bohunice V-1 NPP after the reconstruction. The members of the mission prepared the report on the current status of safety of these units for the IAEA. In 2001, UJD by its decision, issued the approval for further operation of both reactor units of Bohunice V-1 NPP. In sense of the relevant decree on operational events, 20 events have been recorded, at Bohunice V-1 NPP in

  4. Stability Assessment of the High Safety Pillars in Slovenian Natural Stone Mines / Ocena Stabilności Wysokich Filarów Bezpieczeństwa W Kopalniach Kamieni Naturalnych W Słowenii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kortnik, Jože

    2015-03-01

    For the first time in Slovenia, the underground excavation of natural stone blocks was introduced on a trial basis at the Hotavlje I colourful limestone quarry in 1993, in 2002 at the Lipica II limestone quarry, in 2008 at the Lipica I limestone quarry and in 2009 also at the Doline limestone quarry. This was primarily because of the geological structure of the site, the quarry's condition, the potentially large amounts of the overburden in the event of an expansion of the surface part of the quarry, and the increasing needs for this raw material, i.e. natural stone. The underground excavation of natural stone in all locations are done using a modified room-and-pillar excavation method that is adjusted to each site's characteristics, with regularly or irregularly distributed high safety pillars. Since the underground excavation of natural stone blocks is performed at a relatively shallow level under the surface, i.e., at a depth of only 10-40 m, the value of the primary vertical stress state is also relatively low (less than 1.0 MPa). This significantly increases the risk of wedge-shaped pieces or blocks falling out of the ceiling in open underground spaces. In previous years, special attention was paid to the installation of stress-strain systems for controlling the planned dimensions (width and height) of large, open, underground spaces (rooms) and the dimensions of the high safety pillars, along with continual monitoring and identification of the instability phenomena in the ceiling and sides of the large open spaces (rooms). The paper presents the methods and devices used for the optimization and the safety monitoring of high safety pillars for the underground excavation of natural stone blocks in Slovenian natural stone mines. Wydobycie naturalnych bloków skalnych ze złóż podziemnych rozpoczęło się w Słowenii w roku 1993 w kamieniołomach wapieni kolorowych w Hotavlje I (etap próbny). W 2002 uruchomiono kamieniołom Lipica II (wapień), w 2008

  5. MRI in knee osteoarthritis. Application in diet intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gudbergsen, Henrik

    2013-03-01

    This thesis examines two main hypotheses: 1. Obese knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients can achieve symptomatic improvements following diet intervention regardless of their level of structural damage and overall joint malfunctioning: 2. Rapid weight-loss in obese patients with KOA will lead to improvements in KOA related pathology that can be assessed and evaluated by MRI. Data for the studies were obtained from obese KOA patients who were recruited for a 16 week diet intervention trial, the CAROT-trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identification no.: NCT00655941). Inclusion criteria were age ≥ 50 years, BMI ≥ 30 kg/square metro plus symptomatic and verified KOA. Patients underwent a 16 weeks dietary programme with formula products and counselling. Baseline and week 16 assessments included clinical examinations, MRI and CR of the most symptomatic knee, muscle strength tests, gait analyses, blood samples and collection of patient-reported outcomes with a variety of generic and specific health status questionnaires. MRI scans were graded by the BLOKS and CR was analysed by measuring the mJSW and grading the knee as described by KL. 388 possible subjects were pre-screened, 192 were enrolled. Following the 16 weeks diet intervention 175 patients remained in the study. 187 (97%) MRI scans were completed at baseline, 172 (98 %) MRI scans obtained at week 16 and this left the study with 169 (97%) patients with complete MRI datasets at week 16. No statistical significant differences were detected between baseline characteristics of all the initially included patients (n = 192) and the 169 patients included in the per protocol analyses performed in study III (p CAROT-trial were graded as expected. In study II we investigated the impact of diet intervention on KOA symptoms whatever the patient's individual level of joint damage and malfunctioning, and the explanatory variables included high-field MRI, radiographs, and muscle strength in m. quadriceps as well as measurements of the

  6. Annual report 2002. 1.1.-21.1.2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this Annual report of the Slovak Electric, plc (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.) the results of operation in 2002 for the period from January 1 to January 21 are presented. It is unusual for a year to be considered as a matter of a few days, however, this is the case given the events at Slovak Electric, joint stock company which as of 21. 1. 2002 was dissolved and from which three new joint stock companies were established. Further proof of this is the annual report for 2002, which details the economic performance of the company during these 21 days, and the quantity of electricity and heat it generated and supplied to consumers. I am pleased to be able to state that this period of far-reaching changes during which the division of Slovak Electric, joint stock company into the new Slovak Electric, joint stock company, Slovak Electricity Transmission System, joint stock company and Heat Plant Kosice, joint stock company took place, did not cause any problems for Slovak consumers of electricity and heat. During the mentioned 21 January days of 2002, the sources of Slovak Electric generated 836,751 MWh of electricity, which represents 107 percent of the planned generation. The net profit for this period was 742,920 thousand crowns, the main influence being, of course, its short duration. As our economists have confirmed, the most important fact with a significant impact on net profit can be considered to be the amount of deferred taxes, which totalled 1,026,789 thou. Sk. With respect to the dissolution of the company, the company will apply 50 % tax depreciation from annual depreciation, which will, however, be reflected in the results of the newly established company - SE, a.s., as in the subsequent 344 day period its tax deductible depreciation will fall. It is clear that in the forthcoming period, in addition to this, many financial issues remain to be resolved by the management connected with the new form of the business, price, and management relationships within

  7. Role and responsibility of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This bulletin contains information about activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD). In this leaflet the role and responsibility of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic are presented. The UJD was established by the Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic as an independent central body of the state administration in January 1993. Based on the Act, UJD is responsible for the state supervision upon nuclear safety of nuclear installations including surveillance upon the handling of radioactive waste, spent fuel, and other phases of fuel cycle, as well as above nuclear materials including their control and accountability. The main mission of UJD is to provide for the Slovak citizens as well as for the international community assurances that the nuclear energy in the Slovak Republic is used exclusively for peaceful purposes and that the nuclear installations are designed, installed, operated, and decommissioned in compliance with relevant legislation. The role is also to ensure that the operation of clear installations does not endanger the employees of nuclear installation, the public and the environment, and of cause damage on property. When rights of citizens are broken, UJD deals with petitions and complaints within its competence. In its activity UJD utilises the newest results of science and research, as well as international co-operation with the aim to reach a internally acceptable level of nuclear safety at nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic. The headquarters of UJD is Bratislava, which has its branch office dislocated in Trnava, and site inspectors at Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce sites. Nowadays, there are 9 nuclear installations in Slovakia, including 6 units of nuclear power plants, which produce approximately 50% of electricity in the Slovak Republic. The state supervision upon safety of nuclear installations is performed according to the 'Atomic Act'. Other details and conditions

  8. Management of nuclear knowledge on an international scale using a small university research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The Atominstitut Vienna operates a 250 kW TRIGA Mark-II reactor since March 1962 used for nuclear education and training in the fields of neutron- and solid state physics, nuclear technology, reactor safety, radiochemistry, radiation protection, dosimetry, low temperature physics and fusion research. During the past 20 years about 640 students graduated with a diploma - or PhD degree from the Atominstitut attached to the University of Technology Vienna. To perform nuclear relevant academic studies the Atominstitut offers about 100 highly specialised theoretical lectures and about 10 practical courses where students have to perform experiments in small groups of four on subjects mentioned above. Although the TRIGA reactor is a rather low power research reactor it is very easy and cheap to operate and an excellent tool to transfer knowledge and experience to the younger generation. This reactor is therefore not only used by other European universities such as University of Manchester or Bratislava Technical University but also by nuclear institutions such as the GRS/Germany, NPP Bohunice and NPP Mochovce for nuclear training. On an international scale the Atominstitut co-operates closely with the nearby located IAEA in international research projects, coordinated research programs (CRP) and supplying expert services. Regular training courses are carried out for the IAEA for Safeguard Trainees, fellowship places are offered for scientists from developing countries and staff members carry out expert missions to research centres in Africa, Asia and South America. In the past 20 years more than 120 IAEA fellows from all over the world have been trained at the Atominstitut. The fellows spend between one to twelve month at the Atominstitut and are integrated in the respective work program. Experience showed that out of this fellowship a long-term relation between the institutes continues. The paper focuses especially on the transfer of knowledge between

  9. Stakeholder involvement in decommissioning in Slovakia. Annex I.F

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Czechoslovak atomic energy history started in the 1950s with the construction of the pilot plant NPP A1 with HWGCR at Jaslovske Bohunice. This nuclear power plant was commissioned at the end of 1972 and shut down after the accident (IAEA accident scale - level 4) in 1977. The final decision to decommission this plant was issued by the Czechoslovak Government in 1979. So Czechoslovakia was one of the first countries facing decommissioning of large nuclear installations. As the shut down was not anticipated and the Soviet design of the NPP assumed that waste management should be conducted only at the end of the NPP's life cycle, the State was not prepared for decommissioning including all its aspects- funding, waste management, infrastructure and technologies. Later NPP V1 and NPP V2 - both PWR with WWER 440 were commissioned at the Jaslovske Bohunice site and another NPP with WWER 440 at the Mochovce site. NPP V1 will shortly reach its planned 30 years of operation and although successfully refurbished recently, it is in the process of final shutdown on the basis of a political decision (in 2006 - 1st unit and 2008 - 2nd unit). The list of stakeholders involved in the decommissioning, originally very short at the beginning of the nuclear era, is under continuous change with the increase of the 'decommissioning industry' and the pressures of new economic and political conditions. The history of stakeholders is described in the following chapters, more from the point of view of problems faced and solved in Slovakia than from the point of view of international progress and changes occurring in other nuclear countries. In general, it is possible to divide Slovak decommissioning stakeholders into the following categories: - Owner, operator and licensee; -Public; - Government and Regulatory Bodies, European Union (article No. 37 of EURATOM); -Contractors; - Media; - Environmental organizations; - Public opinion movements; - International organizations as IAEA, OECD

  10. Severe accident management development program for VVER-1000 and VVER-440/213 based on the westinghouse owners group approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of the Westinghouse Owners Group Severe Accident Management Guidelines (WOG SAMG) between 1991 and 1994 was initiated in response to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requirement for addressing the regulatory severe accident concerns. Hence, the WOG SAMG is designed to interface with other existing procedures at the plant and is used in accident sequences that have progressed to the point where these other procedures are not applicable any longer, i.e. following core damage. The primary purpose of the WOG SAMG is to reach a controlled stable state, which can be declared when fission product releases are controlled, challenges to the confinement fission product boundary have been mitigated, and adequate heat removal is provided to the core and the containment. Although the WOG SAMG is a generic severe accident management guidance developed for use by the entirety of the operating Westinghouse PWR plants, provisions have been made in their development to address specific features of individual plants such as confinement type and the feasibility of reactor cavity flooding. Similarly, the generic SAMG does not address unique plant features and equipment, but rather allows for consideration of plant specific features and strategies. This adaptable approach has led to several SAMG development programs for VVER-1000 and VVER-440 type of power plants, under Westinghouse' s lead. The first of these programs carried out to completion was for Temelin NPP - VVER-1000 - in the first quarter of 2003. Other ongoing programs aim at providing a similar work for VVER-440 design, namely Dukovany, Mochovce and Bohunice NPPs. The challenge of adapting the existing generic WOG material to plants other than PWRs mainly arises for VVER-440 because of important differences in confinement design, making it more vulnerable to ex-vessel phenomena such as hydrogen burn. Also, for both eastern designs, cavity flooding strategy requires special consideration and

  11. Proposed approach to derivation of acceptance criteria for disposal of disused sealed sources mixed with other accepted wastes in near-surface repository

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Mochovce repository is described in the report. It is vault type near surface repository with 80 concrete vaults (2x2x20), 90 FRC containers (3.1 m3) in one vault (3x10x3), compacted clay bath-tub around double row. 300 years of institutional control are envisioned.The following scenarios are examined: Normal evolution scenario; Alternative evolution scenarios (perforated clay barrier; well in close proximity); Intruder scenarios (construction of simple dwelling; construction of multi-storey building; construction of road; residence scenario). It is being proposed that the DSSs are disposed of in the containers together with normal operational waste. Long-lived alpha emitters - excluded a priori (e.g. 226Ra); Short-lived (T1/2 = 102 days) radionuclides - interim stored until decayed down to clearance level 60Co - no activity limit, with due consideration of operational safety. The DSSs disposal issue is thus reduced to the disposal of 137Cs. No limit has been imposed on total activity. Existing limits for operational waste: 3.13.1013 Bq / container in the upper layer; 3.41.1013 Bq / container in the bottom or intermediate layer. The acceptance criteria are assessed according to the risk. Two are models set up in MicroShield ver. 5.0. Homogenous source of 137Cs in cubic concrete container and point source (hot spot) of the same activity. The result is - dose from the point source is 16.6 times higher than the one from the cube. As a result the following new restrictions arise for disposal of the 137Cs spent industrial sources: disposal of DSSs is forbidden in the upper layer of the containers; maximum activity of the 137Cs disused industrial source emplaced into the FRC container is 3.41x1013 / 16.6 = 2.05x1012 Bq in case of FRC filling by non-radioactive cement mortar; if the cemented radioactive waste is to be used for filling of FRC, decrease of the limit for the disused sealed source is equivalent to the radioactivity of the cement mixture multiplied by

  12. Espaçamento para o cultivo da bananeira 'Comprida verdadeira' (Musa AAB na zona da mata sul de Pernambuco (1° Ciclo Spacing on 'Comprida verdadeira' plantain (Musa AAB cultivatated in the south rain forest region of Pernambuco state, Brazil (1st. cycle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto José Mello de Moura

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho objetivou definir o melhor espaçamento no desenvolvimento e rendimento da bananeira-'Comprida Verdadeira' na Zona da Mata Sul de Pernambuco. O experimento foi conduzido em delineamento de blocos ao acaso, com três tratamentos, constituídos por três diferentes espaçamentos (3,0 x 2,0 m, 2,5 x 2,0 m e 2,0 x 2,0 m e três repetições. Foram avaliados a altura da planta, circunferência do pseudocaule, número de filhos e folhas emitidos, número de dias do plantio à emissão da inflorescência e colheita, peso do cacho e das pencas, número de frutos e de pencas/cacho, comprimento e diâmetro do fruto, e espessura da casca. As diferentes distâncias entre plantas não influenciaram na produtividade do primeiro ciclo. Entretanto, os espaçamentos 3,0 x 2,0 m e 2,5 x 2,0 m promoveram a produção de cachos maiores, bem como frutos com melhores características físicas.This work aimed to define adequate spacings for the development and yield of 'Comprida Verdadeira' plantain in the South Rain Forest Region of Pernambuco State, Brazil. Experimental design of randomized bloks with three treatments, composed of three distinct spacings (3.0 x 2.0 m, 2.5 x 2.0 m and 2.0 x 2.0 m, and three replicates were utilized. The characteristics evaluated were: plant height, pseudostem circunference, numbers of suckers and leaves emitted, days from planting to inflorescence emission and harvest, bunch and hands weights, numbers of fruits and hands per bunch, fruit lenght and diameter, and skin thickness. Different distances had no effect on first cycle productivity. However, 3.0 x 2.0 m and 2.5 x 2.0 m spacings increased yield of bunch weight, and fruits showed the best physical characteristics.

  13. Academic Support Program in the Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Engineering of the University of Cordoba (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Sergio; Navarro, Rafael M.; Camacho, Emilio; Gallardo, Rosa; García-Ferrer, Alfonso; Pérez-Marín, M. Dolores; Peña, Adolfo; Taguas, Encarnación V.

    2014-05-01

    The incorporation of new students to undergraduate degrees is performed in different stages through a long, sequential enrollment process. The student integration to the new context of higher education including group work and new teaching methodologies lead to notable adaptation difficulties to this new educational environment. In fact, the highest rate of student failure in the Bachelor degree usually happens during the first courses. The Unit of Quality Evaluation/Monitoring of School of Agricultural and Forest Engineering (ETSIAM) has detected that these failure rates at first and second degree course may be reduced through the involvement of students in a support learning process, by increasing their skills and motivation as well as the contact with the University environment in the context of their future professional horizon. In order to establish a program of this type, it has been launched an Academic Support Program (ASP) at the ETSIAM. This program aims to achieve and reinforce the basic academic and personal skills/competences require by the Bologna's process (BC) and specific competences of the engineers on the area of Agriculture and Forestry in the European context. The ASP includes diferent bloks of seminars, lectures, collaborative work and discussion groups among students, professionals, professors and researchers and it has been designed based on these competences and tranversal contents in both degrees. These activities are planned in a common time for both degrees, out of teaching classes. In addition, a virtual space in Moodle has been created for discussion forums and preparation activities. Additional information about schedules, speakers and companies, presentations and other material are also provided. In the preliminary implementation of the ASP, we will present the results corresponding to the first year of this academic support program. We have conducted a survey among the students in order to have a first feedback about the impact of

  14. PERBEDAAN OSMOLALITAS DAN pH DARAH PADA TINDAKAN TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE (TURP YANG DIBERIKAN NATRIUM LAKTAT HIPERTONIK 3 ML/KGBB DENGAN NATRIUM KLORIDA 0,9% 3 ML/KGBB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srinami Dewi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP merupakan prosedur baku  dalam  penatalaksanaanhiperplasia prostat yang disertai retensi urin akut berulang atau kronis. Tindakan ini dikerjakandengan fasilitas air sebagai cairan irigasi. Salah satu komplikasi tindakan ini dikenal sebagai sindromTURP.  Kelebihan cairan intravaskular karena absorbsi cairan irigasi akan mengakibatkan terjadinyahiponatremia dilusional yang akan menurunkan  osmolalitas plasma. Perubahan kadar Nadan Lac dapat mengakibatkan terjadinya gangguan keseimbangan asam basa yaitu asidosismetabolik. Penelitian ini merupakan uji klinik, melibatkan 22 pasien dewasa dengan status fisikASA II-III, yang menjalani operasi elektif TURP di ruang Instalasi Bedah Sentral (IBS RSUP SanglahDenpasar dengan anestesi regional dan menggunakan air sebagai fasilitas cairan irigasinya.  Sebelumtindakan TURP, saat mulai puasa, pasien diberikan cairan ringer dextrose 40 ml/kgBB/hari,sesampainya di kamar persiapan IBS dilanjutkan diberikan cairan ringer laktat 10 ml/kgBB.Randomisasi blok dilakukan untuk alokasi subyek ke dalam dua kelompok yaitu  kelompok NLH(kelompok perlakuan yang mendapatkan cairan awal natrium laktat hipertonik 3 ml/kgBB dan-kelompok NaCl (kelompok kontrol yang mendapatkan cairan awal natrium klorida 0,9% 3 ml/kgBB.Dilakukan pemeriksaan osmolalitas dan pH darah sebelum, selama, dan sesudah tindakan TURP.Hasil penelitian mendapatkan perbedaan osmolalitas darah antara kelompok NLH dengan kelompokNaCl pada saat pra-operasi, durante operasi, dan pasca-operasi dengan nilai 285,3248 vs 283,3205,P= 0,0028;  287,0259 vs  284,6813, P= 0,045; dan  288,7668 vs 285,9444, P= 0,033. Juga terdapatperbedaan nilai pH darah antara kelompok NLH dengan kelompok NaCl  pada saat pra-operasi,durante operasi dan post-operasi dengan nilai 7,4864 (0,7018 vs 7,4055 (0,5646, P= 0,07;  7,4636(0,02976 vs  7,4318 (0,03945, P= 0,045; dan 7,4791 (0,03727 vs 7,4327 (0,5569, P= 0,033. Statushemodinamik lebih

  15. Analisa Kenyamanan Kendaraan Roda Dua dengan Pemodelan Pengendara sebagai Sistem Multi D.O.F

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chika Olviani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sepeda motor merupakan sarana transportasi yang digunakan oleh sebagian besar masyarakat Indonesia untuk jarak dekat maupun jauh. Seseorang yang mengendarai sepeda motor akan merasakan getaran yang berasal dari ketidakrataan profil jalan. Getaran tersebut akan ditransfer oleh sistem suspensi melalui bodi kendaraan ke tubuh pengendara. Hal tersebut dapat menimbulkan kelelahan pada pengendara sepeda motor jika terjadi dalam jangka waktu yang cukup lama. Oleh karena itu faktor kenyamanan sangat penting untuk diperhatikan agar terhindar dari akibat fatal karena kelelahan yaitu kecelakaan. Secara garis besar penelitian ini dilakukan dengan pemodelan pengendara sepeda motor yang diberi input eksitasi (amplitudo jalan dan kecepatan kendaraan yang bervariasi. Pemodelan pengendara dan sepeda motor dilakukan dengan sistem 8 derajat kebebasan yang terdiri dari massa roda depan, massa roda belakang, massa bodi motor, massa paha, massa lower torso, massa upper torso, dan massa kepala. Dari model matematis dibuat persamaan gerak dari sistem, state variable dari model, dibuat blok diagram, kemudian disimulasikan dan dianalisa hasilnya. Dari hasil simulasi didapatkan nilai percepatan maksimum pada tubuh pengendara  karena pemberian input harmonik minimum sebesar 0.01 m pada kecepatan maksimal (80 km/jam, nilai RMS percepatan tubuh pengendara dari paha, lower torso, upper torso dan kepala berturut-turut adalah 0.4906 m/s2, 0.5451 m/s2, 0.5092 m/s2, dan 0.5145 m/s2. Kemudian pemberian input harmonik maksimal sebesar 0.03 m pada kecepatan maksimal (80 km/jam, nilai RMS percepatan  tubuh pengendara dari paha, lower torso, upper torso dan kepala berturut-turut adalah 1.472 m/s2, 1.635 m/s2, 1.528 m/s2, dan 1.544 m/s2. Berdasarkan ISO 2631, nilai percepatan hasil simulasi pada kecepatan 20 km/jam pada semua input tubuh pengendara dari paha, lower torso, upper torso dan kepala berada di bawah standart kenyamanan. Sedangkan pada kecepatan 50 km/jam dan 80 km/jam pada

  16. Political pressure on nuclear - responsibility or business?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After more than 10 years since the fall of the 'iron curtain' some Central and East European countries were invited to talks on possible joining the European Union. The nuclear power industry and future development programmes in the countries were one of the crucial topics discussed. Nuclear field is probably the most sensitive one in terms of perception and acceptance by the public as well as politicians. To be able to really solve the issue of the nuclear industry future, it is necessary to know and understand the problems, which we'll have to cope with in a situation when the nuclear industry gets face-to-face in a competition with other electricity producers. Safety became the dominant issue roughly since the mid 80's, especially after the Chernobyl accident. Safety had always been important, however it was the top priority is this period. Public relations were seriously dealt with in parallel. Market liberalisation, decentralisation and privatisation has been the determining factor of further development of the nuclear industry since mid 90's. Probably the most important problem are the Public Relations. Positive public attitude and acceptance of nuclear power as an ,'ordinary' industry is the basic precondition for the further development. It is almost common practice that posts of NPP directors are occupied by public relations experts and experienced orators, whose power of arguments can convince people. Results of public opinion polls in many countries demonstrate that political views on the future of nuclear are in contradiction with public opinions. In Slovakia, for example, the nuclear has the support of 60-70 % in long-term. However, what is missing is a political force which might help completing Mochovce NPP units 3 and 4, even though in terms of near-future liberalisation this option proves to be the most advantageous one for replacement of older two units of Bohunice NPP (since the Government promised the units will be shut down in 2006 and 2008

  17. Chapter 12. Public information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Nuclear Power Engineering Safety' running substantial articles from major UJD activities. The double issues 7/8 and 11/12 (2000) included safety analyses - NPP V-1 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce units safety assessment. The monthly 'Verejna sprava' (Public Administration) ran in 2000 two substantial articles on UJD legislative and state law activities. Contributions on UJD regulatory activity and international co-operation appear on a regular basis in 'Spravodajstvo SE, a.s.' (SE, a.s., Newsletter) and in-house journals 'Mochovce' and 'Bohunice'. UJD domestic and foreign activities were published in 5 issues in 'Slovak Nuclear Society (SNUS) Bulletin'. A report on the safety of nuclear installations and the management of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive wastes in the Slovak Republic in the journal 'Nuclear Europe Worldscan' No. 7-8/2000 was also published the year 2000. A number of substantial articles were published in the magazine Energia. A contribution on UJD's mission and tasks in the Slovak Republic was published in 'Energia Almanach' 2000/2001. Six contributions focused on UJD's domestic and foreign activities were prepared for the world information agency NucNet. A Slovak-English information material on UJD (12/2000) was prepared and published for the public. Also the Slovak-English 1999 Annual Report on the results of UJD activity and nuclear installation safety in the Slovak Republic was prepared and published. In 2000, four press conferences were held at UJD, with follow-up appearances by UJD management in television and radio. UJD executives made five appearances in television and gave six interviews and seven relevant interviews for Slovak Radio and magazines and dailies, respectively. In 2000, two video-clips were produced for the public, namely on the 'UJD tasks and mission' and 'emergency planning'. A highly successful press conference on Slovakia's NPP safety was arranged by UJD on the occasion of the visit to Slovakia by the OECD/ Nuclear Energy Agency

  18. The examination of the impact by expert views of school musical instruments on 6. primary school music class reach to its acquisitionsOkul çalgılarının ilköğretim 6. sınıf müzik dersi kazanımlarına ulaşmadaki etkililiğinin uzman görüşlerine göre incelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emre Üstün

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to determine which school musical instrument (recorder, bağlama, guitar is more effective in reaching music lesson acquisitions. The research is on an experimental basis. In accordance with the aforementioned purpose, the effect of the experimental application on experimental groups has been identified. The work group of the research consists of 6th grade students which are divided into three groups, namely 6A-6B-6C, in 75. Yıl Primary School in the city of Nevşehir. In order to discover the impact of recorder, bağlama and guitar on music class acquisitions, cognitive entry behaviors (pre-acquisitions test have been designed by using expert view. Acquisitions and level of learning and practice skills of each of the classes which constitute the experiment group have been evaluated by 5-point Likert scale. Data gathered via the experiment have been analyzed via SPSS statistical software with One Way ANOVA, Pearson’s Correlation, Levene, Shapiro-Wilks, Kruskal-Wallis, Variance, and Scheffe tests. In the results of the research, it has been observed that all of the three instruments have an impact on acquisitions. When expert views are examined, it was determined that all of the three instruments increased the level of success in different acquisitions.   Özet Araştırmanın amacı ilköğretim müzik dersi kazanımlarına ulaşılmasında hangi okul çalgısının (blok flüt, bağlama, gitar daha etkili olduğunun belirlenmesidir. Araştırma deneysel niteliktedir. Söz konusu amaca yönelik olarak deneysel uygulamanın deney grupları üzerindeki etkisi belirlenmiştir.  Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu Nevşehir İli 75. Yıl İlköğretim Okulunun 6A-6B-6C şeklinde üç şubeden oluşan 6. Sınıf öğrencileri oluşturmaktadır. Blok flüt, bağlama ve gitar çalgılarının müzik dersi kazanımlarında etkisini ortaya çıkarmak amacıyla uzman görüşlerinden faydalanılarak bilişsel giri

  19. EdF let Germans manage Stredoslovenska Energetika

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to provisions of privatisation and shareholders agreement Stredoslovenska energetika (SSE), a.s., Zilina should be managed by the largest European power concern Electricite de France (EdF). But so far, one year after the acquisition, the only French member of the Supervisory board is its Chairman Patrick Luccioni. The Board has 5 members and two of them are German - Peter Weis and Martin Konerman. The latter joined in September this year. He came to Slovakia after years spent in Boards of Hungarian distribution companies - Elmu in Budapest and Emasz in Miskolcz. The name of Peter Weis still can be found on the web page of Emasz on the list of members of Supervisory Board. Strategic partner in both the mentioned Hungarian distribution companies is the third largest player on the German energy market - Energie Baden-Wurttemberg (EnBW). The French concern with its 35-percent stake is the biggest individual shareholder of the EnBW. EdF is reassessing its international projects. Due to an investment embargo the French will not be among the prospects interested in acquisition of Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava but the company management has also announced its intention to sell its minority stakes in northern and eastern Europe. The Paris head office of EdF announced its decision in the time when privatisation of Slovak distribution companies was culminating. And so in order to maintain its influence the 49-percent stake in SSE together with management control over the company will be transferred to EnBW. Spokeswoman of EnBW, Petra Wollmer did not say the company would not plan any acquisitions in area of its core business but stressed that these would have to be thoroughly examined. She did not wish to comment on any potential plans the company may have in Slovakia or that would relate to changes in the management bodies of SSE. Not even the Head of Communication Department of the Slovak distribution company, Pavel Muller was allowed to publish any

  20. Shrub expansion and climate feedbacks in Arctic tundra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loranty, Michael M.; Goetz, Scott J.

    2012-03-01

    covered by the snowpack for part of the year. These results support evidence that shrub expansion in Arctic tundra will feed back positively to ongoing climate warming but, perhaps more importantly, illustrate the significance of shrub height in dictating the feedback strength. While differences in albedo associated with vegetation stature have been previously documented in these ecosystems (Loranty et al 2011, Sturm et al 2005a), the magnitudes of the feedbacks on regional climate were unknown. These findings highlight a pressing need to understand the rate and spatial extent at which shrub expansion is occurring. While increases in vegetation productivity inferred from satellite data have been observed across the Arctic (Bunn and Goetz 2006, Goetz et al 2005, Walker et al 2009), recent analyses suggest that the observed trends are a result of general increases in productivity across all vegetation types (Beck and Goetz 2011). Another important finding reported by Bonfils et al (2012) is the positive correlation between shrub height and modeled active layer depth (i.e. permafrost thaw). Results from a field study (Blok et al 2010) showed that the shading effects of shrub canopies reduce ground heat flux, which in turn leads to a decrease in active layer depth. Bonfils et al's (2012) results indicate that regional warming as a consequence of albedo and ET feedbacks will offset the local cooling effects of increased shrub cover, thus the net climate feedback associated with shrub expansion could be greater than reported (owing to biogeochemical processes and related feedbacks). A similar study by Lawrence and Swenson (2011) found that snow redistribution to shrub covered areas (Sturm et al 2005b) simultaneously reduced the albedo feedback by covering shrubs with snow and introduced a soil warming feedback through insulation provided by additional snow cover, with a net result of increased active layer depth under shrubs. When shrub cover (1 m tall canopy) was increased by

  1. The view at nuclear renaissance via actual European and Slovak approach to nuclear education

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    level nuclear education is very important also due to permanent increasing of nuclear experts age. To replace some of them are not easy. Beside this, the nuclear community needs some internal dynamic, which is connected to the young people activities. The problem is that the amount of students taking these lectures is low. Proper education at the university is a source of knowledge and attitudes for the whole life. Theoretical and practical experiences, professional approach and consistency are very important also from the safety culture point of view. University lectures and seminars are basically opened for public and this academic field can be made better use of in public relations. It is an investment mainly to young generation. During discussions with students, teachers can form their professional orientation according to their abilities and needs. Good teacher encourages also the growth of student and shapes his personality. Graduated students have to learn to take responsibility for their decisions and their academic level of education. Unfortunately, there was not real interest for educated nuclear engineers from industry till know. Although oral declaration how these graduates are necessary for NPP operators, in reality the nuclear industry does not attract young specialist. About 50 percent of graduates of specialized nuclear power engineering study at STU Bratislava went completely out from this area. Hopefully next years connected to the commissioning of Mochovce 3, 4 will change this approach. The actual status of education and training in nuclear power engineering is the real cause for concern. This education has to be based on the serious long term basis organised and guaranteed by high quality academic institution. It is a duty of educated and responsible people to highlight the necessity for a renaissance in nuclear education and training and recommend the following points: We must act now; Strategic Role of Governments; The Challenges of revitalising

  2. Answers to remaining questions on bubbler condenser - Activity Report of the OECD NEA Bubbler-Condenser Steering Group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    request of their safety authorities to answer the remaining questions and complete the bubbler-condenser assessment, the Hungarian, Czech and Slovak utilities took the initiative in 2001 to perform a joint experimental programme. This was to be realised at a specialised facility, the EREC facility located at Electrogorsk near Moscow, which had also been used for earlier bubbler-condenser experimental work. The utilities involved were the Hungarian Paks NPP, the Slovak Bohunice NPP and Mochovce NPP and the Czech Dukovany NPP. Parallel to the initiative for establishing this consortium, the Hungarian Safety Authority (HAEA) requested the assistance of the OECD NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) for the preparatory phase of the experimental work as well as for the analyses of code calculations and experimental results. The CSNI supported the HAEA request of assistance and approved the establishment of a Bubbler-Condenser Steering Group (BC SG) to carry out given tasks according to an agreed mandate. The Steering Group consisted of a representative of each of the Czech, Hungarian and Slovak regulatory bodies and of each of the utilities involved, as well experts from the German GRS, the French IRSN, the US DOE and the EU. These organisations had all been involved with previous bubbler-condenser work. The objectives of the Steering Group were: - to produce convincing evidence that the VVER-440/V213 type bubbler-condenser works during DBAs as designed; - To help in the planning of the new EREC experiments and in the interpretation of the results; - to provide well qualified experimental results serving as basis for the validation of best estimate calculation tools. The present Project Activity Report summarises the activity and conclusions of the Steering Group, and is primarily meant for the Nuclear Regulatory Bodies of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovak Republic. However, it can be of interest also for the regulatory bodies in other CSNI member

  3. PLOT REELED INTO AN EKPHRASIS IN BELLES LETTRES OF THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Vasil’evna Astaschenko

    2015-11-01

    evil mean? I’m going through my memory, what interesting things I heard and read about love, about the rights of genders, flesh, and find different clever words. But that’s just words ... They do not illuminate my soul with the understanding «(from the story of Avgusta Damanskaya» One day», published in the seventh issue of the «Education» magazine for 1908. The collision of pagan and Christian ekfrastic worlds is central in the novellas of G. Chulkov, S. Auslender, A. Mar and other representatives of the Russian decadence and Silver Age, which can not be considered in the context of Western European culture (from Stesichorus to Proust, from Zeu-xis with Parras to von Stuck with Knopf, for all the modernists (as well as realists of the early twentieth century, in the words of Alexander Blok, were sick with «Europeanism». However, Roerich and Vrubel, who are perceived not only as art revelation, but also a supreme religious revelation, and sometimes as an obsession, a temptation of the era, have a strong influence on the world art (not to mention the Russian art.

  4. 针吸细胞学检查对乳腺癌术前诊断的价值与评价%Value and evaluation of fine-needle aspiration cytology for preoperative diagnosis of breast cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田新庆; 王文珍; 王小娜

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨针吸细胞学检查对乳腺癌术前诊断的应用及操作技巧.方法 对118例乳腺肿块患者采用提拉式穿刺检测器、7号针头与20ml注射器进行针吸细胞学检查.结果 79例一次针吸找到癌细胞,15例二次针吸找到癌细胞,其中提拉式穿刺检测器二次穿刺仅2例,均无假阳性;对24例针吸阴性者行区段切除术,4例术后病理切片为恶性,其余为良性病变,准确率为96.61%,假阴性率为4.08%.结论 针吸细胞学检查经济实用、安全、快捷、痛苦小、准确率高、重复性好、患者易接受,尤其提拉式穿刺检测器更具有优越性,对乳腺肿块的术前诊断和手术方式选择具有重要价值.%Objective To investigate the use and manipulation technology of fine-needle aspiration cytology for diagnosis of breast cancer before operation.Methods One hundred and eighteen cases of breast masses were detected with fme-needle aspiration cytology by lift-draw puncture implements,needle of number 7 and syringe of 20 millilitres.Results Tumor cells were found by one time fine-needle aspiration in 79 cases,by two times fine-needle aspiration in 15 cases.Only 2 cases were punctured twice by lift-draw puncture implements,no false positive cases were observed.Twenty-four cases with negative result of fine-needle aspiration were resected in bloks,and pathological slices were proved to be malignant in 4 cases,while the others were benign.The accuracy rate of diagnosis was 96.61%,the misdiagnostic rate was 4.08%.Conclusions Fine-needle aspiration cytology is economical,practical,safe and quick,with less pain,high accuracy,good repetition and can be easily accepted by the patients.The lift-draw puncture implements is especially superior to other equipments,which plays an important role in preoperative diagnosis of breast mass and operative method chosen.

  5. Populasi dan Pola Sebaran Burung di Hutan Wanawisata Galunggung, Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Widodo

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Gunung Galunggung ketika erupsi tahun 1982 sebagian besar flora dan fauna yang ada disekitarnya luluh lantak. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui populasi dan pola sebaran burung-burung yang terdapat di kawasan Galunggung periode pemulihan pasca 31 tahun meletus.Metode “point count jarak tidak tetap” digunakan dalam penelitian ini Gunung Galunggung telah ditetapkan sebagai kawasan Wanawisata Galunggung sejak tahun. Penelitian dilakukan dengan membagi dalam 5 blok pengamatan. Sejumlah 80 titik penghitungan burung ditetapkan dalam 0,7222 km2 luasan area. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dijumpai 39 spesies burung dengan total 719 individu. Ada 10 spesies burung ditemukan dengan populasi tinggi, yaitu Cynniris jugularis (96,93 ind/km2, Lonchura leucogastroides (84,46 ind/km2, Orthotomus sutorius (70,61 ind/km2, Orthotomus cucullatus (62,30 ind/km2, Zosterops palpebrosus (67,85 ind/km2, Pycnonotus aurigaster (55,39 ind/km2, Brachypteryx leucophrys (41,54 ind/km2, Stachyris melanothorax (38,77 ind/km2, Streptopelia chinensis (30,46 ind/km2, dan Halcyon cyanoventris (26,30 ind/km2. Nilai indeks Morista sebesar 7,67, ini menunjukkan bahwa pola sebaran dari sebagian besar burung di Wanawisata Galunggung adalah mengelompok. Secara spesifik tercatat 1 spesies burung sebaran terbatas (Stachyris melanothorax, 1 spesies burung migran (Motacilla cinerea, dan beberapa spesies burung endemik dan dilindungi. When the Galunggung mountain erupted in 1982, most of Galunggung’s flora and fauna were devastated severely. A research has been carried out to know about bird population and their dispersion patterns in the Galunggung Tourism Forest after 31 years of restoration phase. The research used “nonfixed distance Point Count” method and this research was conducted by dividing the observation area into 5 blocks. Eighty watchout points have been established in an area of 0.7222 km2. The study revealed 39 bird species with total of 719 individuals. Among them, 10

  6. Biomass, chlorophyll and nitrogen content of leaves of two chili pepper varieties (Capsicum annum in different fertilization treatments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUTARNO

    2009-03-01

    , kandungan klorofil dan nitrogen daun dari dua varietas cabai, Sakti (cabai besar dan Fantastic (cabai keriting. Penelitian dilakukan di Desa Gatak, Kecamatan Karangnongko, Kabupaten Klaten, Jawa Tengah pada September 2006 sampai Maret 2007. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan blok lengkap dengan dua faktorial yaitu varietas cabai dan perlakuan pemupukan. Perlakuan pemupukan meliputi tanpa pupuk (kontrol (P1; pupuk kandang 2 kg/tanaman (P2, pupuk kandang (1 kg/tanaman + pupuk kimia (ZA, SP-36, KCl = 2: 1: 1 + NPK (P3; dan pupuk kandang (1 kg/tanaman + pupuk kimia (SP-36: KCl = 1:1 + pupuk organik cair (P4. Kadar klorofil diukur merujuk Harborne (1987, sedangkan kadar nitrogen daun diukur dengan metode Kjeldahl. Data dianalisis menggunakan Analisis Varians dilanjutkan DMRT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pada cabai Fantastic, perlakuan berbagai macam pemupukan berpengaruh terhadap biomassa dan klorofil a, namun tidak berpengaruh terhadap kandungan klorofil b, total klorofil dan nitrogen daun. Pada cabai Sakti perlakuan pemupukan berpengaruh terhadap bobot segar tanaman, kandungan klorofil a dan total klorofil, namun tidak berpengaruh terhadap bobot kering, bobot buah segar, kandungan klorofil b dan nitrogen daun. Oleh kerena itu direkomendasikan untuk menggunakan formulasi pupuk kandang + pupuk kimia (SP-36: KCl = 1: 1 + pupuk organik cair dalam budidaya cabai.Kata kunci: biomasa, klorofil, nitrogen daun, cabai, Capsicum annum, pemupukan.

  7. Gardening the City: Neighbourliness and Appropriation of the Common Spaces in Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meglena Ivanova Zlatkova

    2015-12-01

    indywidualnego.Uwaga autorki skupia się szczególnie na formach transgresji fizycznych i społecznych granic oraz na tworzeniu nowych zgodnie ze zmieniającymi się tożsamościami, hierarchią społeczną, relacjami władzy, formami solidarności społecznej, usieciowieniem oraz inwestycjami w kapitał społeczny. W artykule omówiono przypadki naruszenia granic oraz podziały jako dyskursy miejskie – o mieście socjalistycznym, mieście transformacji i inne, tworzone po 2007 roku po wstąpieniu Bułgarii do UE. Przypadki te badano w perspektywie codziennych praktyk miejskiego ogrodnictwa prowadzonego w przestrzeni wspólnej, wokół bloków, na balkonach i w ogródkach na obrzeżach miasta.

  8. Kekerasan mikro enamel gigi permanen muda setelah aplikasi bahan pemutih gigi dan pasta remineralisasi (Enamel micro hardness of young permanent tooth after bleaching and remineralization paste application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budianto Liwang

    2014-12-01

    : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti kekerasan mikro permukaan email gigi permanen muda, dan efek aplikasi pasta remineralisasi setelah pemutihan gigi. Metode: Empat belas gigi permanen muda ditempatkan dalam blok resin dengan jendela pada enamel permukaan bukal dan dilakukan pengukuran kekerasan permukaan enamel sampel awal dengan menggunakan alat Microvickers Hardness Tester. Kemudian dilakukan aplikasi bahan bleaching hidrogen peroxide 30% sebanyak 3 kali masing-masing selama 15 menit. Setelah aplikasi bahan bleaching, kekerasan permukaan enamel sampel diukur kembali. Sampel dibagi 2 kelompok; kelompok pertama diaplikasi pasta remineralisasi Hidroksi apatit + NaF 1450ppm, dan kelompok kedua diaplikasi pasta CPP-ACP + NaF 900ppm. Masing-masing pasta tersebut diaplikasikan selama 30 menit 7 hari berturut-turut. Setelah aplikasi pasta remineralisasi, sampel diukur kembali kekerasan permukaan enamelnya. Hasil: Kekerasan mikro permukaan enamel menurun setelah aplikasi pemutih gigi, dari 333.09 ± 10.49 VHN ke 299,15 ± 5.70 VHN. Kekerasan mikro setelah aplikasi Hidroxy apatit + NaF "> 1450ppm adalah 316,61 ± 5.87 VHN dan setelah aplikasi CPP-ACP + NaF 900ppm adalah 319,94 ± 3,25 VHN, namun kekerasan mikro setelah aplikasi pasta remineralisasi masih lebih rendah dari kekerasan mikro awal. Simpulan: Bahan pemutih gigi menurunkan kekerasan mikro permukaan enamel gigi permanen muda secara signifikan. Aplikasi pasta remineralisasi dapat meningkatkan kembali kekerasan mikro permukaan enamel gigi permanen muda.

  9. Hubungan Kualitas Tidur dengan Prestasi Akademik Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Angkatan 2010 FK Universitas Andalas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanafi Nilifda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKualitas tidur seseorang dikatakan baik apabila tidak menunjukkan berbagai tanda kekurangan tidur dan tidak mengalami masalah dalam tidurnya. Gangguan tidur banyak ditemui dikalangan dewasa muda terutama mahasiswa yang nantinya bisa menyebabkan berkurangnya konsentrasi belajar dan gangguan kesehatan. Hal ini bisa menyebabkan tidak tercapainya prestasi akademik secara optimal karena proses belajar menjadi terganggu. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan kualitas tidur dengan prestasi akademik mahasiswa pendidikan dokter angkatan 2010 FK Unand. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional. Total responden sebanyak 177 orang yang dipilih dengan teknik random sampling. Data kualitas tidur diambil dengan menggunakan indeks kualitas tidur Pittsburgh (PSQI dan prestasi akademik dari nilai ujian blok 4.2. Pada akhir penelitian dilakukan uji statistik chi square untuk mengetahui hubungan kedua variabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebanyak 51 mahasiswa (65% memiliki kualitas tidur dan prestasi akademik yang baik, 27 mahasiswa (35% memiliki kualitas tidur yang baik dengan prestasi akademik yang kurang baik, 43 mahasiswa (43% memiliki kualitas tidur yang buruk dengan prestasi akademik yang baik, dan 56 mahasiswa (57% memiliki kualitas tidur yang buruk dan prestasi akademik yang kurang baik. Berdasarkan uji chi square didapatkan nilai p=0,004 (p<0,05. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan terdapat hubungan antara kualitas tidur dengan prestasi akademik mahasiswa pendidikan dokter angkatan 2010FK Unand.Kata kunci: kualitas tidur, prestasi akademik, mahasiswa kedokteran AbstractThe good quality of sleep is there is no any disturbance in their sleep. The condition of sleep disorders commonly found among young adults, especially college students who can later cause a reduction in the concentration of learning and health problems. This can lead to failure to achieve optimal academic achievement because

  10. Beginnings of rocket development in the czech lands (Czechoslovakia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plavec, Michal

    2011-11-01

    and West Germany in 1957 and 1959. The first project involved the meteorological rockets Sokol I and Sokol II in 1960, which were never completed, as the rocket industry came under the exclusive sphere of interest of the Soviet Union. In Czechoslovakia only a Rocket Research and Test Institute was created by the Czechoslovak Ministry of Defence in 1963. The first Czechoslovak rockets to find practical use were launched in 1965. This study has been created as a part of the scientific project: Výzkumný záměr MSM 0021620827 České země uprostřed Evropy v minulosti a dnes, blok V/d: Česká vysoko\\vskolská vzdělanost.

  11. Ekspresi COX-2 setelah pemberian ekstrak etanolik kulit manggis (Garcinia mangostana Linn pada tikus wistar (COX-2 expression after mangosteen rind (Garcinia mangostana Linn etanolic extract administration in wistar rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rendra Chriestedy Prasetya

    2013-12-01

    sintesis PG dalam kondisi fisiologis dan mempertahankan fungsi normal, sedangkan ekspresi COX-2 dapat terinduksi oleh sitokin dan endotoksin. Periodontitis adalah penyakit peradangan kronis yang disebabkan oleh bakteri anaerob terutama bakteri gram negatif. Terjadinya periodontitis diikuti oleh peningkatan ekspresi COX-2. Kulit buah manggis (Garcinia mangostana Linn mengandung mangostin gamma yang menghambat sintesis PGE2 melalui penghambatan COX-2. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti ekspresi COX-2 pada tikus wistar jantan yang diinduksi periodontitis setelah pemberian ekstrak etanolik kulit manggis. Metode: Empat puluh delapan ekor tikus wistar jantan diinduksi periodontitis dengan meletakkan ligatur sutra pada subgingiva sevikal gigi anterior rahang bawah selama 7 hari. Setelah ligatur dilepas, tikus dibagi dalam 4 kelompok yaitu ekstrak kulit manggis dosis 60 mg/kg BB, 30 mg/kg BB, ibuprofen dan saline dengan pemberian secara peroral. Tikus didekapitasi pada hari ke-1,3, 5 dan 7 setelah perlakuan. Rahang bawah gigi depan dilakukan pemrosesan menjadi blok paraffin, dipotong serial dan dilakukan pewarnaan imunohistokimia. Ekspresi COX-2 diamati di bawah mikroskop dengan perbesaran 400x. Data pengamatan dianalisa dengan uji kruskall wallis. Hasil: Uji kruskall wallis menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan bermakna ekspresi COX-2 diantara kelompok perlakuan yang mengindikasikan bahwa ekstrak kulit manggis mempengaruhi ekspresi COX-2. Simpulan: Ektrak etanolik kulit manggis menurunkan ekspresi COX-2 pada tikus dengan periodontitis.

  12. Utilization of research and training reactors in the study program of students at Slovak University of Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Preparation of operating staff for nuclear industry is and also has to be one of the most serious education processes mainly in the Central-European countries like Slovakia, Hungary or Czech Republic, where about 40-50 % of electricity is produced in nuclear power plants (NPP). A possible impact of operator failure on safe an economically effective operation of NPP is very high. Despite the fact that the automation in NPP-control made a huge progress, the human activity on all levels of operation is the determining factor for safe and reliable operation of NPP. High level of the operating staff education is determined by: the expertise of the teachers, the motivation of the students; the practical exercises, the material conditions (textbooks, models, simulation programs), effectiveness of education and training process (realistic time table, linkage of knowledge etc.) and the high level of basic education, good relation to mathematics, physics, computers, technical orientation, theoretical knowledge and skills. Technical universities like Slovak University of Technology (STU) in Bratislava take responsibility for the level of technical education of graduates. Excellent students can surely find jobs in nuclear industry, but for the operating staff it is recommended to study Power Plant Engineering and Power electronics. There is a possibility (beside the obligatory subjects) to choose a batch of 12 optional subjects focused on peaceful use of nuclear energy. In general, there exists a very extensive and also effective international collaboration in nuclear industry. Similarly good situation is also on the level of universities and technical high schools. STU Bratislava established contacts with many universities abroad. Thanks to the support from Slovenske elektrarne Plc., student graduates in nuclear power engineering specialisation have had (hopefully will have also in the future) possibilities not only to visit and to get acquainted with VVER-440 NPP

  13. International Expert Team Concludes IAEA Peer Review of Slovakia's Regulatory Framework for Nuclear Safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    that consideration of these would enhance the overall performance of the regulatory system: Coordination and allocation of responsibilities among State Authorities in the area of safety and improvement of planning and coordination of their activities; The development of a national policy and strategy document for nuclear safety; and A unified national radiation monitoring system to ensure its results could be used by competent authorities in normal situations as well as during emergencies. In a preliminary report, the IAEA has conveyed the team's main conclusions to UJD SR. A final report will be submitted to the Government of Slovakia in about three months. UJD SR has informed the team that the final report will be publicly available. The IAEA encourages nations to invite a follow-up IRRS mission about two years after the mission has been completed. Background. The IRRS mission to Slovakia was conducted from 28 May to 7 June 2012, mainly in Bratislava. The IRRS team carried out a review of nuclear legal and regulatory framework for nuclear safety. Special attention was given to the review of the regulatory implications for Slovakia of the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi accident. The review addressed all facilities regulated by UJD SR including nine nuclear power units, as well as spent fuel and waste management facilities. The IRRS mission did not include a comprehensive review of the national regulatory infrastructure for radiation safety of Slovakia, which is planned to be covered in the IRRS follow-up mission. Team experts came from twelve different countries: Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, South Korea, Sweden, Ukraine and United Kingdom. The IRRS team consisted also of 6 IAEA staff members. Quick Facts. Slovakia has nine nuclear power reactors at two sites (Bohunice, Mochovce): 3 units are in decommissioning, four units are in operation and two units under construction. Slovakia has no other fuel cycle facilities or research

  14. Determining the Teacher Candidates’ Perceptions on Distance Education by Metaphors [Öğretmen Adaylarının Uzaktan Eğitime Yönelik Algılarının Metaforlar Yoluyla Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gül Kaleli Yılmaz

    2015-08-01

    olan 150 öğretmen adayı oluşturmaktadır. Bu öğretmen adaylarından 70’i lisans eğitimleri sırasında uzaktan eğitim yoluyla ders almış olan sınıf öğretmeni adaylarıdır. 80’i ise seçmeli ders olarak uzaktan eğitim isimli teorik dersi almış olan fen bilgisi öğretmeni adaylarıdır. Verilerin toplanması için araştırmaya katılan öğretmen adaylarından “Uzaktan eğitim… gibidir çünkü …” cümlesini tamamlamaları istenmiştir. Araştırmada veriler nitel veri analizi yöntemleri içerisinde yer alan içerik analizi tekniği kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Yapılan analizler sonucunda, öğretmen adaylarının uzaktan eğitime yönelik oluşturdukları metaforların ihtiyaca yönelik, çeşitlilik, isteğe bağlılık, gereklilik gibi farklı kategoriler altında toplandığı görülmüştür. Ayrıca bulgular incelendiğinde eş-zamanlı uzaktan eğitim yoluyla ders alan sınıf öğretmeni adaylarının, fen bilgisi öğretmeni adaylarına kıyasla daha olumsuz algılara sahip oldukları tespit edilmiştir. Eş-zamanlı uzaktan eğitim derslerinin 90 dakikalık blok dersler halinde yürütülmesi, öğretmen adaylarının ders dışında öğretmene soru sorma imkânı bulamayışı, derslerde zaman zaman teknik problemlerin yaşanması gibi faktörlerin olumsuz algıya neden olduğu fark edilmiştir. Uzaktan eğitime yönelik olumlu algı geliştirilebilmesi için; kısa süreli, uygulama öncesinde katılımcıların uzaktan eğitim uygulamaları hakkında bilgilendirildiği, öğretmen ve öğrencinin ders dışında da iletişim kurabildiği ve teknik problemlerin en aza indirildiği uzaktan eğitim ortamlarının tasarlanması önerilmektedir.

  15. Tankerlerde Yükleme-Tahliye Operasyon Sisteminin Otomasyonu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat H. A. ALTUN

    2015-12-01

    ılan bu hesap neticesinde bağlı olan gemi halatlarına yük binebileceği ya da tutma kuvvetinin azalabileceği gösterilebilmekte ve bu sayede halatların kesmesi(kopması önlenmiş olmaktadır. Sistemin alarm seviyeleri ve tasarım detayları bu yazıda detaylandırılmıştır. Sistem istenilen aşama esnasında kapatılıp manuel yükleme tahliye operasyonuna başlanabilmektedir. Yapılan bu otomasyon sistemi sayesinde operatör tüm tanklardaki değerleri her seferinde kontrol edip tank valflerini ayarlamak için zaman kaybetmemekte, bu zamanı meyil, trim, intakt stabilite, kargo miktarı değerlerini takip etmede ve ilk hedefteki kargo-balast değerlerine ulaşım safhalarını takip etmekte kullanacaktır. Bu sistem sayesinde operatörün aşırı yoğunluğu önlenmiş olmakta, dolayısıyla yorgunluğun önüne geçilmesi sayesinde insan kaynaklı hataların minimize edilmesi sağlanmış olacaktır. Alarm sistemleri sayesinde oluşabilecek beklenmedik kazaların önlenmesi hususunda erken müdahale yöntemi geliştirilmiş olacaktır (4. Bu sunumda, tasarlanan otomasyon sisteminin kullanıcı gereksinimleri, teknik isterler, proje ilk tasarımı için blok diyagramlar, projenin hayata geçirilmesi için belirlenen yol haritası (5 ve izlenecek spiral proje yönetimi (6 doğrultusunda proje tasarımı anlatılacaktır.

  16. Laboratory Method for Evaluating the Characteristics of Expansion Rock Bolts Subjected to Axial Tension / Laboratoryjna Metoda Badania Charakterystyk Kotew Rozprężnych Poddanych Rozciąganiu Osiowemu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korzeniowski, Waldemar; Skrzypkowski, Krzysztof; Herezy, Łukasz

    2015-03-01

    dynamicznym. W podziemnych wyrobiskach górniczych wykonywanych na dużych głębokościach, szczególnie przy eksploatacji złóż rud miedzi w kopalniach LGOM, w których stosuje się samodzielną obudową kotwową istnieje niebezpieczeństwo nieprzewidzianego odpadania bloków skalnych do przestrzeni roboczej. Podstawowym zadaniem kotwienia wyrobisk górniczych jest zapewnienie ich stateczności, jako zasadniczy warunek bezpieczeństwa pracy. Powstają nowe konstrukcje przeznaczone do bardziej ekstremalnych warunków funkcjonowania, w szczególności w warunkach górniczych, ale również w tunelarstwie. Podstawowym rodzajem obudowy wyrobisk przygotowawczych i eksploatacyjnych w podziemnych kopalniach LGOM jest obudowa kotwowa rozprężna lub wklejana. Wybór sposobu utwierdzenia obudowy kotwowej zależy miedzy innymi od: czasu użytkowania, klasy stropu, wymiarów oraz przeznaczenia wyrobiska. W polach eksploatacyjnych, gdzie okres od wykonania wyrobiska do jego likwidacji jest stosunkowo krótki, częściej stosuje się kotwy rozprężne, które ze względu na mniejszą czasochłonność zabudowy, pozwalają na większą wydajność kotwienia. Doceniając rolę i znaczenie obudowy kotwowej oraz jej zużycie sięgające w warunkach polskich milionów sztuk rocznie, w niniejszym artykule opisano nowe stanowisko laboratoryjne umożliwiające badanie rzeczywistej obudowy kotwowej w warunkach obciążeń statycznych. Stanowisko laboratoryjne do badania wytrzymałości na rozciąganie obudowy kotwowej zbudowane w Katedrze Górnictwa Podziemnego AGH umożliwia badania obudów kotwowych przy różnych warunkach obciążeń. Składa się ono z kilku współpracujących ze sobą podzespołów: Hydraulicznego Układu Obciążającego Kotew (HUK), pulpitu sterującego I, pulpitu sterującego II, pulpitu rejestrującego oraz zespołu agregatu hydraulicznego (Rys. 1). W artykule scharakteryzowano zastosowaną aparaturę pomiarową oraz możliwości badawcze stanowiska badawczego

  17. STUDI PEMANFAATAN DAN KEAMANAN KOMBINASI METFORMIN DENGAN EKSTRAK CAMPURAN ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATADAN SYZYGIUM POLYANTHUM UNTUK PENGOBATAN DIABETES MELLITUS (PRELIMINARY STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suharmiati Suharmiati

    2013-03-01

    glucose but could not significantly decrease OGTT in comprasion to control group given metformin with placebo. There were no side effects on liver and kidney function test in the therapy of herbal extract of Andrographis paniculata and Syzigium polyanthum mixture in duration of 4 we eks. It concluded that the herbal extract of Andrographis paniculata and Syzigium polyanthum mixture is safe. Key words: extract mixture, andrographis paniculata, syzygium polyanthum, metformin, diabetes mellitus ABSTRAK Penggunaan Andrographis paniculata dan Syzigium polyanthum telah dilakukan secara luas untuk pengobatan OM namun bukti ilmiah tentang manfaat dan keamanan belum diketahui. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji dan menganalisis manfaat dan keamanan ekstrak campuran kedua tumbuhan tersebut untuk memperbaiki kadar glukosa darah. Penelitian eksperimen dengan kontrol menggunakan disain pre-post test dengan teknik pengumpulan data dengan kuesioner. Sampel sebanyak 30 penderita OM pria atau wanita berusia antara 40-60 tahun dengan kadar gula darah puasa antara 140-220 mg/dl, tidak menderita hipertensi atau hipertensi ringan. Sampel terbagi dalam 2 kelompok masing-masing 15 orang mendapat intervensi sedangkan sisanya sebagai kontrol. Intervensi sampel dengan pemberian metformin 500 mg pada pagi hari yang diminum 15 menit setelah makan serta 3 kali sehari masing-masing ekstrak herbal campuran Andrographis paniculata dan Syzygium polyanthum (1: 1 seberat 700 mg sedangkan untuk kontrol ekstrak herbal diganti dengan placebo. Obat diberikan selama 4 minggu, diberikan secara acak dengan metoda blok random sampling. Sebagai evaluasi dilakukan anamnesa, pemeriksaan fisik, pemeriksaan Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT setiap minggu dan pemeriksaan fungsi hati dan fungsi ginjal setiap 2 minggu. Teknik analisis data adalah diskriptif dan t test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian Metformin kombinasi dengan terapi herball, ekstrak herbal campuran Andrographis ~anicu~at~ ~an Syzygium

  18. Úvodník 2011/VI/2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Dlouhá

    2011-09-01

    čitele fyzicky vůbec nepotkává. Celý proces učení i vzájemné interakce jsou zcela virtuální. Dochází k zajímavému závěru, že podstatnou roli zde hraje samotné prostředí, tedy elektronická aplikace vytyčující hranice či mantinely pro jednání, jež už je ovšem plně reálné (je totiž víceméně autentickým projevem vztahů v procesu vzdělání.   Texty v nerecenzované části jsou tentokrát věnovány procesu Životní prostředí pro Evropu, sérii ministerských konferencí zahájené v Dobříši roku 1991, a prozatím završené letošní konferencí v kazašské Astaně. Základy tohoto procesu ‑ 7 bodů přijatých na Dobříšském jednání ‑ rekapituluje Mikuláš Huba. Všímá si naplnění těchto výzev, poukazuje na původní hybné síly environmentální politiky a táže se, jak pokračovat. Kolektiv autorů – spoluorganizátorů první Vavrouškovy Dobříšské konference ministrů – se zabývá procesem Životní prostředí pro Evropu nejen z hlediska jeho geneze, ale i současného stavu (shrnuje jednání v Astaně i jeho závěry a jeho dopadem do oblasti vzdělávací (přijetí a implementace Strategie VUR v regionu EHK a v ČR. Protože ministerská jednání otevírají napětí mezi povinnostmi (evropskou legislativou a vůlí ke změně (nové strategie i nástroje institucionální, právní atd., s tématem těsně souvisí i příspěvek přednesený Mikulášem Hubou na konferenci Forum 2000 věnované otázkám práva a demokracie. Blok završují vzpomínky Jana Mikoláše, bývalého náměstka ministra – předsedy FVŽP, a intervence Jirky Dlouhého na ministerském jednání v rámci bloku Ozeleňování ekonomie. Máme tu ještě recenzi Pavla Žďárského na novou knihu o etice vědy, která vyšla pod editorským vedením Wendy Drozenové, a informaci Mikuláše Huby o vyhlášení výsledků soutěže Udržateľný spôsob života, o které pravidelně referujeme; s tím se pro