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Sample records for blok elektrarne mochovce

  1. Mochovce Unit 3 and 4 Completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aquilanti, G.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose of the Feasibility Study was to define in detail all technical, economic, financial, legal and authorization aspects of Mochovce NPP Unit 3 and 4 completion in order to provide Slovenske Elektrarne, a. s. (SE) and ENEL Top Management with all the necessary information for a final decision on Mochovce Unit 3 and 4. Feasibility study has started in January 2006. SE had the commitment to complete the Feasibility Study within 12 months from Closing of SE acquisition (April 2007). In order not to delay completion of Mochovce Unit 3 and 4, SE has decided to perform, in parallel to the Feasibility study, also all design and permitting activities which are required for the completion of Plant. This has involved anticipation of expenses for approximately 700 MSKK (or approx. 20 MEuro). SE was able to announce the positive decision about completion on Mochovce NPP Unit 3 and 4, two months in advance of the deadline.

  2. The confirmation audit in Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andlova, Z.

    2004-01-01

    Mochovce NPP, as the first plant of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s., has obtained certificate for the environmental management system (EMS) in September 2002, which was established according to the standard STN ISO 14 001:1996. The Audit EMS was executed by the Det Norske Veritas. Mochovce NPP has obtained the EMS Certificate after compliance of process requests and it is valid for three years. After expire of this period the certification process must be repeated. (author)

  3. Mochovce site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    In Mochovce site the construction of four units of WWER 440 NPP with V-213 type of reactor is being carried out. The financing of Mochovce units completion was resolved in April 1996. The completion work commenced at the construction site under leadership of SKODA Prague, the general supplier. The completion work on building part and tests of constructional electric distributions and lightning constructors started. The revisions in technological part were finished, and final protocols from revisions are the basis for starting of completion work. The assembly of transport container anchorage,ventilation system in hermetic areas and hermetic coverage of pools for stored spent nuclear fuel is being carried out. The pre-completion tests of instrumentation and control of ventilation systems, individual dosimetric control in medical station, and tests of nuclear programme according to commissioning and assembling work schedule at the equipment for physical protection of the NPP area started. Inspection activities at Mochovce were performed in accordance with inspection plan for 1996. Evaluation of routine inspections was performed by means of quarterly protocols. Main findings from the inspections performed in Mochovce were in the following areas: (a) deficiencies in the knowledge of the respective regulation and conditions from the Resolution of the state regulatory body, concerning selected employees; (b) training of the selected employees; (c) aim of the measures imposes by inspectors is to eliminate deficiencies in preparation of programmes for pre-completion and completion testing. NRA SR assessment activities at Mochovce NPP were focused mainly on approving and inspecting of design modification to approving programmes for pre-completion and completion testing of system s and equipment and on approving quality assurance programmes. The suggestions of international missions, which reviewed Mochovce safety in the years, were taken into consideration in the programme

  4. Recent history of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holy, R.

    1999-01-01

    Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant has been an open project involving a wide international co-operation of numerous organisations of countries stretching from the Atlantic coast up to the Urals that make it a truly European project. The units at Mochovce are the later V-213 type of Soviet-designed WWER-440 reactors. They therefore incorporate a number of improvements over the earlier V-230 type. There are four units at Mochovce site: unit 1 has been in operation since summer 1998, unit 2 is currently in the stage of commissioning tests and scheduled for operation by the end of this year, and unit 3 and 4 are still waiting for the final governmental decision about their completion, currently 40% and 30% completed respectively. Beginning in 1981, the construction works were stopped in early 90's due to the decision on replacement of the original I and C system, as well as lack of funding afterwards. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. have been working to resuscitate the project focusing initially on completion of the units 1 and 2 with assistance of western companies. one month later the governmental guarantees were given for loans and Slovenske elektrarne signed loan agreements to finance the project completion, as well as construction completion agreements with contractors. (Author)

  5. Slovenske elektrarne and the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Balaz, J.

    2003-01-01

    At the end of 2002 Mochovce NPP as the first Slovak energy operation got the international certificate of environmental managership according to norm ISO 14 001:1996 on production and electric energy supply from nuclear power plant praised by reputable testimonial company Det Norske Veritas. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. management has intention to pass a certification process in all of its operations in this and following year. Certification presentation is one of the results of project of Environmental policy of SE, a.s. as it was specified by company executive in 2000. This project comes out from Environmental protection conception of SE from 1997. The basic condition of success of whole project is total orientation of Slovak electric energetic on energy production with minimal environmental load. It means the maximal exploitation of water and nuclear production of electric energy at the expense of technologies based on energy raw materials incineration. In 2002, of totally produced 32 805 MWh of electric energy almost two thirds were produced by nuclear power plants, almost one fifth by water power plants and 16% by thermal power plants. Thanks to this electricity production structure it is sharply possible to cut back the emission capacity produced by thermal power plants

  6. Slovenske elektrarne, Mochovce nuclear power plant. Safety strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    In this leaflet the Management's declaration is presented. This declaration contains: operation management and quality assurance, plant commissioning, maintenance and repairs, reactor physics, radiation protection, surveillance programmes, events analyses and experience feed-back, accident management procedures and training, emergency planning and preparedness review of safety performance, human resources, and personnel responsibility

  7. Mochovce NPP simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ziakova, M.

    1998-01-01

    Mochovce NPP simulator basic features and detailed description of its characteristics are presented with its performance, certification and application for training of NPP operators as well as the training scenario

  8. Fiddle at financing of Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beer, G.

    2003-01-01

    Slovak police found out and documented racket in financing of third and fourth block of Mochovce NPP. Damage should be 144 millions Slovak crowns. Investigator consequently accused twenty-three Slovaks from foundation, trump up and supporting of criminal group and deception. Two persons are suggested to be taken to custody. Skoda Praha, which was general supplier of construction for 1,5 billions Slovak crowns, in 2001 allowed to create a connection to let the finances between Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava as investor and Skoda as subcontractor to be paid through three mediator companies. Companies got authorization to balance the relationship among all interested subjects. Confused network of 118 treaties was created. They invoiced reward from money current based on these treaties. Reward represented up to 70 per cent of transferred resources in some cases. According to Minister of Domestic Affairs Vladimir Palko it will be necessary to find out where is actually the money. For the time being nobody from NPP is among accused. (Author)

  9. National Radwaste Repository Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    In this leaflet the National Radioactive Waste Repository in Mochovce (Repository) is described. The Mochovce National Radioactive Waste Repository is a surface multi-barrier type storage facility for solid and treated solidified radioactive wastes generated from the Slovak Republic nuclear power plants operation and decommissioning, research institutes, laboratories and hospitals. The Repository comprises a system of single- and double-row storage boxes. The first double-row is enclosed by a steel-structure building. The 18 x 6 x 5.5 m storage boxes are made of reinforced concrete. The wall thickness is 600 mm. Two-double-rows, i.e. 80 storage boxes were built as part of Stage I (1 row = 20 storage boxes). Each storage box has a storage capacity of 90 fibre concrete containers of 3.1 m 3 volume. The total storage capacity is 7200 containers with the overall storage volume of 22320 m 3

  10. Jevgenij V. Doc: We do not want to build a monument at Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper the interview with the General Manager of Inter RAO JES - Jevgenij V. Doc is published. Inter RAO JES applies for the privatisation of Slovenske elektrarne (Slovak Electric - SE). According to the General Manager of Inter RAO JES, the company does not need a foreign partner to provide financial support after the privatisation of SE, but rather it requires a political support. Plans about Bohunice NPP and of completion of the Mochovce NPP as well as of privatisation of the SE by the Inter RAO JES are presented

  11. The seismic reassessment Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baumeister, P.

    2004-01-01

    The design of Mochovce NPP was based on the Novo-Voronez type WWER-440/213 reactor - twin units. Seismic characteristic of this region is characterized by very low activity. Mochovce NPP site is located on the rock soil with volcanic layer (andesit). Seismic reassessment of Mochovce NPP was done in two steps: deterministic approach up to commissioning confirmed value Horizontal Peak Ground Acceleration HPGA=0.1 g and activities after commissioning as a consequence of the IAEA mission indicate higher hazard values. (author)

  12. Object Study Walk. BLOK P

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tone Huse

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available I would like to take you for a walk, around the housing complex Blok P in the centre of Nuuk, Greenland. I encourage you to move and listen, to smell and touch. In the presence of your evoked senses, linger for a moment; turn your face towards the past. Let us explore urban nostalgia, not as an either/or reactionary, speculative, radical, or future-oriented but as the organizing narrative of our shared journey.

  13. Contribution of Mochovce Units completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burdova, J.

    2013-01-01

    In spite of the on-going economic crisis in Europe, Slovakia is still showing economic growth. Slovenske elektrarne belong to the key companies within the Slovak economy. Not only because of its position in the electricity market, basis for the operation of companies and homes, but also because of its influence on the social and economic development of the country. (author)

  14. Safety culture at Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Markus, Jozef; Feik, Karol

    2002-01-01

    This article presents the approach of Mochovce NPP to the Safety culture. It presents activities, which have been taken by Mochovce NPP up to date in the area of Safety culture enhancement with the aim of getting the term into the subconscious of each employee, and thus minimising the human factor impact on occurrence of operational events in all safety areas. The article furthermore presents the most essential information on how the elements characterising a continuous progress in reaching the planned Safety culture goals of the company management have been implemented at Mochovce NPP, as well as the management's efforts to get among the best nuclear power plant operators in this area and to be an example for the others. (author)

  15. Support for Mochovce NPP Operation and Completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2014-01-01

    The Interest Regional Association of Mochovce Towns and Municipalities considers the Mochovce Units 3 and 4 completion project to be key both for the region and for Slovakia as a whole, both in terms of economic and social aspects, because it creates thousands of job opportunities and develops professional skills and education. Participants in the assembly of the Interest Regional Association of Mochovce Towns and Municipalities at Levice on 6 March 2014

  16. National radioactive wasterRepository Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    In this leaflet the scheme of the Mochovce National radioactive waste repository for the Slovak Republic is presented. The National radioactive waste repository in Mochovce is a surface type storage facility. It is intended for final disposal of solid and solidified low and intermediate radioactive waste produced during the operation of nuclear power plants and institutions located within the territory of the Slovak Republic. The Repository site is situated about 2 km northwest to the Mochovce NPP

  17. Safety upgrading program in NPP Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baumeister, P.

    1999-01-01

    EMO interest is to operate only nuclear power plants with high standards of nuclear safety. This aim EMO declare on preparation completion and commissioning of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant. Wide co-operation of our company with International Atomic Energy Agency and west European Inst.ions and companies has been started with aim to fulfil the nuclear safety requirements for Mochovce NPP. Set of 87 safety measures was implemented at Mochovce Unit 1 and is under construction at Unit 2. Mochovce NPP approach to safety upgrading implementation is showed on chosen measures. This presentation is focused on the issues category III.(author)

  18. NPP Mochovce nuclear safety enhancement program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cech, J.; Baumester, P.

    1997-01-01

    Nuclear power plant Mochovce is currently under construction and an extensive nuclear safety enhancement programme is under way. The upgrading and modifications are based on IAEA documents and on those of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic. Based on a contract concluded with Riskaudit from the CEC, safety examinations of the Mochovce design were performed. An extensive list of technical specifications of safety measures is given. (M.D.)

  19. ENEL Slovenske elektrarne. Annual report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the ENEL Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) in 2006 year is presented. These activities are reported under the following headings: (1) Evaluation Report and Foreword of the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) SE, a.s., Board of Directors in 2006; (3) SE, a.s., Supervisory Board in 2006; (4) The year in brief; (5) SE, a.s., Organisation Structure; (6) Company stakes; (7) Company strategy; (8) Electricity and heat generation; (9) Trade in electricity, support services and heat; (10) Investments; (11) Nuclear safety; (12) Occupational health and safety and fi re protection; (13) Environment; (14) Human resources; (15) Report on Financial Statements and Performance of the Company; (16) Auditor's report; (17) Abbreviations

  20. Welcome on the Slovenske elektrarne board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kiselova, J.

    2009-01-01

    One of the aims of Human Resources Division of Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. is to ensure suitable working conditions for new comers for their fast adaptation in the new working environment, in our company. On the other hand, achieving the attitude of an employee, which may be defined by a phrase 'He/she is the Group Member' belongs to the priorities of the Enel Leadership Model. We will not reach for this attitude and behaviour corresponding to it on the first day, when the new comer starts working. Effective set up of the whole adaptation process in he first thee months and following steps are very important, so that we may show the new employee that we do care about him/her. (author)

  1. Nuclear Safety Culture & Leadership in Slovenske Elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janko, P.

    2016-01-01

    This presentation shows practically how nuclear safety culture is maintained and assessed in Slovenske elektrarne, supported by human performance program and leadership model. Safety is the highest priority and it must be driven by the Leaders in the field. Human Performance is key to safety and therefore key to our success. Safety Policy of our operating organization—licence holder, is in line with international best practices and nuclear technology is recognised as special and unique. All nuclear facilities adopt a clear safety policy and are operated with overriding priority to nuclear safety, the protection of nuclear workers, the general public and the environment from risk of harm. The focus is on nuclear safety, although the same principles apply to radiological safety, industrial safety and environmental safety. Safety culture is assessed regularly based (every two years) on eight principles for strong safety culture in nuclear utilities. Encourage excellence in all plant activities and to go beyond compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Adopt management approaches embodying the principles of Continuous Improvement and risk Management is never ending activity for us. (author)

  2. Mochovce NPP safety improvement and completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    6th Nuclear society information meeting dealt with the completion of the Mochovce NPP with regard to implementation of safety measures. It was aimed to next problems: I. 'Survey' presentation on the situation of the nuclear power industry in partner countries; II. Basic technical presentations; III. Presentations of operators of the other VVER 440/213 NPPs on their activities in the field of safety improvement in relation to IAEA recommendations; IV. Technical solutions of safety improvements ranked with IAEA degree 3 (Report SC 108 VVER); V: Technical solutions of selected Safety Measures ranked with IAEA degree 2 and 1 (Report SC 108 VVER)

  3. NPP Mochovce units 1 and 2 diagnostic systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heidenreich, S.

    1997-01-01

    In this paper the diagnostic systems (leak detection monitoring, vibration monitoring, lose parts monitoring, fatigue monitoring) of NPP Mochovce units 1 and 2 are presented. All of the designed diagnostic systems are personal computer based systems

  4. Mochovce NPP unit 1 and 2 completion project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holubec, J.

    1999-01-01

    History of Mochovce NPP is quite long and reflects political changes that happened in Europe in the end of 80'ties. The plant site was chosen in south-west of Slovakia in the frame of Nuclear Industry Development Plan adopted by former Czechoslovak government in 70'ties. In that time was decided to build in Mochovce four VVER 440/213 units together with other NPP's (Dukovany, Temelin, Kecerovce)

  5. BLOK INFRAKLAVIKULAR KONTINYU SEBAGAI MANAJEMEN NYERI AKUT PASCAOPERASI EKSTREMITAS ATAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Astuti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Seorang laki-laki 39 tahun mengeluh nyeri berat pada tangan kanan setelah kecelakaan lalulintas.Pada pemeriksaan rontgen didapat fraktur dan dislokasi sendi radiocarpal kanan. Tidak ditemukankelainan pada pemeriksaan fisik dan penunjang. Segera dilakukan operasi reduksi terbuka dan eksternal fiksasi, dikelola dengan anestesi blok infraklavikula pemasangan kateter kontinyu denganbantuan USG. Selama operasi dengan anestesi lokal bupivakain 0,5% 10 ml + epinephrine 1/400.000 dan lidokain 2 % + epinephrine 1/400.000 menghasilkan anestesi yang cukup selama operasi.Pascaoperasi dengan analgesia blok kontinyu  infraklavikula bupivakain 0,125 % 4 ml/jam dengan syringe pump. Kateter dipertahankan selama 3 hari, hari keempat dilanjutkan parasetamol oral dan hari kelima pasien pulang tanpa keluhan nyeri. [MEDICINA. 2014;45:47-51].

  6. Blok laif : an ethnography of a Mosbi settlement

    OpenAIRE

    Hukula, Fiona Sonia Karejo

    2015-01-01

    This thesis is about urban sociality in the context of an urban settlement in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. I explore issues of urban life through everyday stories of settlers who reside in a settlement (also known as a blok) at Nine Mile, Port Moresby. I present settlers’ ideas of work and money through their income generating efforts as well as their perception about giving. This thesis explores settlement notions of the forms that relatedness takes through everyday inte...

  7. Mochovce power plant units 3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuba, J.

    2003-01-01

    The report gives the basic technical data and history of the construction of the units 3 and 4 of the Mochovce NPP.The current status of the units completion according to the original plan is: civil part - 70%; mechanical part - 30%; electric and IC equipment - 1%. Strategic plan for the preservation of the units 3 and 4 has been developed in accordance with TECDOC-1110. In implementation of the plan preservation activities are performed for the components located and built-in on the site and in storehouses. Preservation with dryers and protective coatings is applied. The factors of possible component degradation are determined. Ventilation components are used for improving the climate conditions in the primary part of the reactor building. Temperature and humidity measurements are done and temperature control is set. Special pre-service inspections beyond the basic scope of preservation and protection works are conducted of steam generator and reactor pressure vessel. The implementation of the design data protection and enhancement is discussed. The feasibility study of units 3 and 4 completion funding has been developed in 2002

  8. Preparation of physics commissioning of Mochovce units 3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sedlacek, M.; Chrapciak, V.

    2010-01-01

    The Project 'Mochovce Units 3 and 4 Completion' started in 2009 and it will be finished in 2013. VUJE, Inc. is one of the five main Project contractors for the Nuclear Island and it is responsible, inter alia, for Mochovce Units 3 and 4 commissioning. The commissioning of Units 3 and 4 includes the stages of Physics Commissioning and Power Commissioning. This paper deals with the preparation of Mochovce Units 3 and 4 Physics Commissioning. In the paper there is presented a preparation of some commissioning documents, e.g. 'Quality Assurance Programme', 'Commissioning Programme', 'Stage Programme for Physics Commissioning', 'Test working programmes', 'Neutron-physics characteristics for Physics and Power Commissioning', etc. The scope of Physics Commissioning is presented by list of tests. For assessment of tests results so-called three-level acceptance criteria will be applied: realization, design and safety criteria. In the paper there are also presented computer codes, which will be used for neutron-physics characteristics calculation and the fuel loading scheme for the reactor core of Mochovce Unit 3. (Authors)

  9. EDF Contribution to the Mochovce completion and safety upgrading project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Norvez, G.

    1997-01-01

    The challenge that SE a.s. took up in April 1996 to start Mochovce units 1 and 2 within a very demanding time frame and in satisfactory conditions is on the way to being wined. EMO managed to put in place an organisation able to ensure the continuity of the design and construction works and to integrate the requirements of modern safety. EDF is proud and happy to contribute to this effort by making available its expertise and experience in building and operating nuclear power plants. The success of Mochovce will not only contribute to the Slovak electricity needs coverage, but will be the first demonstration of a soviet design nuclear power plant brought to international safety standards. (author)

  10. EGP contribution to Mochovce completion, safety enhancement and operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Letko, A.; Matula, P.

    2000-01-01

    The Re-Evaluation Programme of Mochovce NPP was created in 1995 as an integral part of the completion of the Unit 1 and Unit 2. This program analyzed the general fulfillment of the principle of nuclear safety in the NPP Mochovce project. The analysis has required new corrections of the project, so that the project met the higher safety requirements when starting production. 87 safety measures represent the 'Program'. The basis for their creation were the international missions from 1992 to 1995 which defined. The final safety aim was represented by 'The Technical Specification of the Safety Measures' supported by The Nuclear Power Plant Research Institute and recommended by The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic. The technical specification served as a qualified base for the next steps in the pre-project, project and realization stages. (author)

  11. Pengaruh Natrium Metabisulfit dan Proses Mekanik Terhadap Kualitas Talas Blok

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilsa Hermianti

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Kimpul Taro (Xanthosoma sagittifolium contains high starch as non-rice carbohydrate source. Taro have itching  and  mucu caused by Calcium oxalate content. Its shelf life only 1- 2 weeks therefore, without treatment processing it would be difficult in transportation. There is absence  literature on taro block production. The research was done to decrease itching taste and mucus, simply in transportation and distribution,  so to lenghten of shelf life with processing treatments are soaking in 1% sodium chloride, soaking in 0,1% sodium metabisulphite, and its combination, and comparising processing of block taro between manual and mechanical press. The analysis was done on several parameters that influence to quality and shelf life of taro block such as water content, level of ash, starch, calcium oxalate, protein and sulphite residue, and organoleptic test by panelist. The result of research showed that soaking in solution of 0.1% sodium metabisulphite for 20 hours gave optimum result with content of calcium oxalate was 0.13%, residue of suphite was 1.39 mg/kg, level of ash 1.12%, 73,37% starch, protein 3.4%, and organoleptic test of colour and smell value of block taro were preferred by panelists and storage time for 8 months still in good condition. The making of  taro block with press mechanic systems had calcium oxalate content 0.065%, yield 21.38%, residue of sulphite 1.39 mg/kg, was able to decrease drying times for 7 hours with drying oven at 40 degC.ABSTRAKTalas kimpul (Xanthosoma sagittifolium mengandung karbohidrat berupa pati yang cukup tinggi sehingga dapat berfungsi sebagai bahan pangan karbohidrat non beras. Talas menimbulkan rasa gatal dan berlendir yang disebabkan oleh kandungan kalsium oksalat. Umur simpan talas hanya 1-2 minggu. Oleh karena itu tanpa proses pengolahan akan menyulitkan dalam penyimpanan dan transportasi. Talas blok belum diproduksi, dan belum ada literatur yang menyatakan teknologi proses dan pengolahannya

  12. OPTIMALNO OBRATOVANJE NAVIDEZNE ELEKTRARNE S SODELUJOČO ČRPALNO IN PRETOČNO HIDROELEKTRARNO

    OpenAIRE

    Knežič, Jernej

    2015-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi so izvedeni izračuni optimalne proizvodnje električne energije ob upoštevanju dnevne napovedi. Uporabljen je koncept navidezne elektrarne, pri čemer sta kot proizvodna vira uporabljena pretočna hidroelektrarna in črpalna hidroelektrarna. Kot rezultat je prikazan izračun dnevnih in urnih napovedi proizvodnje električne energije, ter določeno vklapljanje črpalne hidroelektrarne, tudi glede na zahteve energetskega trga in stroške obratovanja elektrarn.

  13. Energy for the country: Slovenske elektrarne have planted 6666 trout in the streams of High Tatras

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sramova, M.

    2009-01-01

    At the occasion of National Parks Day, Slovenske elektrarne (SE) in cooperation with Tatransky narodny park (TANAP, National Park of Tatras) introduced another project of biodiversity sustaining in Slovak High Tatras - rescue of salmon trout. Together they planted 6666 trout into clean streams. (author)

  14. Feasibility study for NPP Mochovce Units 3 and 4 completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tomik, L.; Chakraborty, S.; Hoffelner, W.; Stoian, A.

    2004-01-01

    The system dynamic approach presented in this study by modelling the behaviour of Slovak market on the basis of system dynamic model (Forrester model), enables real mix in the extend of 12 years and helps understanding of the market limits. In addition this tool can be used for sensitivity calculations depending on many parameters to develop possible trends in the economic development of the Slovak Republic. If both nuclear power options are maintained then it becomes obvious that electric excess energy is produced and could be exported. This export option remains for the situation that a strong growth of the gross national product is assumed without any increase in energy efficiency. Between these extremes is the scenario that Bohunice 1, 2 off is balanced by Mochovce 3, 4 on and increasing demand this will lead to more moderate but still not negligible potential of CO 2 increase. Switching off Bohunice 1, 2 and not switching on Mochovce 3, 4 leads to energy need which must be counterbalanced either by investments in other power plants or by import energy. As far as domestic production is concerned even assuming 50 % CHP production leads to partly remarkable additional CO 2 -production which might infringe on a long term basis with the Kyoto goals. Assuming additional CO 2 -emissions from increasing traffic real problems can be expected in such a case. To maintain national nuclear capabilities in Slovakia is very important for today and for future of nuclear energy option in enlarged European Union. (authors)

  15. Completion of Mochovce 1 and 2 nuclear power plant project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valach, J.

    2000-01-01

    Commissioning of the Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant unit 2 fully completed the Mochovce unit 1 and 2 project. The power plant construction passed through a complicated evolution since early 80's. The genesis started with the change of the plant location due to a seismic resistance requirement raised by the former Czechoslovak Atomic Energy Commission, change of the design and contractor of the Instrumentation and Control system in early 90's, halt of construction in 1993 till 1996 due to a lack of funding, as well as a series of international reviews of safety aspects. All the obstacles had been overcome in the end, and completion works were re-started in 1996. Looking back to the unit 1 and 2 completion project, I would like to highlight some aspects of the project, particularly the level of safety, technical and organisational conditions, and terms of funding. The most important argument for completion of the plant was that VVER 440/213 reactor units were distinguished with very high level of passive safety, even overcoming Western-type PWR's in some aspects. The replacement of the original I and C system was another important contribution to the initial level of safety. International safety reviews performed at Mochovce NPP between 1990 and 1995 (Siemens, EdF, IAEA, RlSKAUDIT) confirmed the high level of safety of VVER 440/213 reactors, however, pointed out at some safety issues which had not been dealt with in the design. Those included e.g. the 'external risks', primary-to-secondary leaks, qualification of pressurizer safety valves, and others. It is necessary to stress that the Safety Improvement Programme defined for Mochovce NPP to comply with international standards did not become the most important part of the completion project due to external pressures, but based on natural requirements on nuclear power plant safety level generally accepted in 90's. The good example could be the seismic resistance of the plant which, though designed as seismic resistant

  16. Actual status of project Mochovce NPP units 3 and 4 completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niznan, S.

    2005-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with actual status of project Mochovce NPP units 3 and 4 completion. Present state of Mochovce NPP, Units 3 and 4 enables real assumption to completion. It is expected that such supplier companies can be used which are experienced in field of nuclear projects. Based on budget of 2002, it seems that completion costs of 45 billions SKK are real. These figures were confirmed by study performed by TRACTEBEL in 2004. Based on experience from Bohunice NPP completion as well as from Mochovce NPP, Units 1 and 2 completion and if decision milestone and project start up deadlines will be observed according to modified preliminary schedule of Mochovce NPP Units 3 and 4 completion, it seems as real that Unit 3 will be completed till 06/2011 and Unit 4 - till 12/2011.

  17. Experiences in commissioning of 1st and 2nd unit of NPP Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stefanovic, P.; Klucarova, K.; Cernicka, J.; Toth, L.

    2000-01-01

    Paper is focused on responsibilities and position of VUJE Trnava Inc. in process of commissioning of new NPP units. It describes the order of activities during commissioning from the preparation of measurements to evaluation of measured data. Paper's scope is on the commissioning the 1 st and 2 nd units of the NPP Mochovce, which has been commissioned in the years 1998 and 1999. Basic characteristics of the NPP Mochovce design are also included in this paper. (author)

  18. Geodesy work during the Mochovce nuclear power plant construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pida, J.; Ondrias, J.

    1989-01-01

    A draft is described of starting geodesy points for the delineation of deforestation of the Mochovce site and for the detailed layout of rough ground grading. Later, a basic layout of control points was suggested that was gradually implemented in line with the progress of building work on the main site. The layout of foundations was done using the polar method and instrumentation by Kern. A rectangular layout micro-network was set out on the foundation slabs of the main production units to serve a detailed layout of the buildings. A large part of geodesy measurements is used as complementary measurements for producing the basic map of the plant. (E.J.). 3 figs

  19. Year 2003 - year of improving behaviour of Slovenske elektrarne, Plc. towards environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mihaly, B.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to inform the participants about reached results of Slovenske elektrarne, Plc in the field of the environment management for the year 2003 and point out the increasing legislation pressure on environmental behaviour of the industrial companies. Another purpose is to inform about the environmental operation conditions of resources base of SE, Plc in the period from 2004 to 2008. (author)

  20. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, March 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-04-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In March 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 30.538 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 123.066 t in EVO B13; 175.980 t in B14; 28.324 t in B15 and 12.975 t in B16; and in EVO II: 121 kg in B21; and 11 kg in B23. In March 2005 these plants emitted totally 209,062 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 618,412 t of carbon dioxide (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  1. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during June 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-07-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In June 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 15.858 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 13.741 t in EVO B13; 76.754 t in B14; 45.201 t in B15 and 29.607 t in B16. In June 2006 these plants emitted totally 194,910 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 1,503,619 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  2. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during February 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-03-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In February 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 12.077 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 75.628 t in EVO B13; 20.787 t in B14; 19.539 t in B15 and 34.223 t in B16; and in EVO II: 0.302 kg in B23; 0.376 kg in B24. In February 2006 these plants emitted totally 207,709 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 2,267,944 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  3. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during December 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In December 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 12.897 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 2.536 t in EVO B13; 11.131 t in B14; 17.471 t in B15 and 39.415 t in B16. In November and December 2006 these plants emitted totally 207,690 t and 203,495 t of carbon dioxide, respectively, and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 177,601 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  4. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, January 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-02-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In January 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 12.975 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 190.402 t in EVO B13; 141.949 t in B14; 12.487 t in B15 and 17.807 t in B16; and in EVO II: 5 kg in B23. During January 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 208,065 t of carbon dioxide (of 2,797653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  5. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during May 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-06-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In May 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 17.882 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 29.815 t in B15 and 5.462 t in B16. In May 2006 these plants emitted totally 182,122 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 1,698,529 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  6. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, July 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-08-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In July 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 365.484 tonnes (t) i B13; 498.080 t in EVO B14; 31.401 t in B15; 19.296 t in B16. In July 2005 these plants emitted totally 195,178 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants may emitted 1,368,346 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  7. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during July 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-08-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In July 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 11.296 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 23.350 t in EVO B13; 101.352 t in B14; 40.445 t in B15 and 45.051 t in B16. In July 2006 these plants emitted totally 217,867 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 1,285,752 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  8. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during December 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In December 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 8.916 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 266.538 t in EVO B13; 469.489 t in B14; 18.342 t in B15 and 17.640 t in B16; and in EVO II: 5.0 kg in B21; 12.0 kg in B23. In December 2005 these plants emitted totally 258,470 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants my emitted 229,923 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  9. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, May 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-06-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In May 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 12.975 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 190.402 t in EVO B13; 141.949 t in B14; 12.487 t in B15 and 17.807 t in B16; and in EVO II: 5 kg in B23. In May 2005 these plants emitted totally 223,741 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 1,041,790 t of carbon dioxide sulfur dioxide (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  10. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during October 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-12-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In October 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 23.786 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 25.189 t in EVO B13; 57.438 t in B14; 37.132 t in B15 and 25.118 t in B16. In September and October 2006 these plants emitted totally 230,065 t and 223,718 t of carbon dioxide, respectively, and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 588,786 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  11. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during November 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-12-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In November 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 18.828 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 14.865 t in EVO B13; 268.665 t in B14; 36.435 t in B15 and 14.857 t in B16. In November 2005 these plants emitted totally 217,528 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants my emitted 747,680 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  12. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, February 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-03-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In February 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 13.403 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 73.614 t in B14; 22.667 t in B15 and 24.495 t in B16; and in EVO II: 1,426 kg in B22; 5 kg in B23 and 57 kg in B24. In February 2005 these plants emitted totally 208,102 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 409,923 t of carbon dioxide (of 2,797653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  13. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during October 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-11-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In October 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 13.349 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 61.145 t in EVO B13; 192.674 t in B14; 25.566 t in B15 and 13.981 t in B16. In October 2005 these plants emitted totally 217,528 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants my emitted 747,680 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  14. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, August 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-09-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In August 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 17.408 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 58.059 t in B14; 36.798 t in B15 and 30.275 t in B16. In August 2005 these plants emitted totally 161,757 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants may emitted 1,368,346 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  15. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during September 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-10-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In September 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 25.769 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 36.951 t in EVO B13; 250.809 t in B14; 29.977 t in B15 and 35.549 t in B16. In September 2005 these plants emitted totally 241,381 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants my emitted 965,208 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  16. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during April 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-05-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In April 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 16.793 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 13.894 t in B15 and 16.312 t in B16. In April 2006 these plants emitted totally 164,205 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 1,880,651 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  17. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during March 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-04-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In March 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 9.898 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 48.708 t in EVO B13; 0 t in B14; 14.952 t in B15 and 38.550 t in B16. In March 2006 these plants emitted totally 206,001 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 2,061,943 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  18. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during January 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-02-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In January 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 19.272 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 294.948 t in EVO B13; 392.070 t in B14; 41.229 t in B15 and 31.833 t in B16; and in EVO II: 0.015 kg in B23; 0.047 kg in B24. In January 2006 these plants emitted totally 322,000 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 2,475,653 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  19. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, June 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-07-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In July 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 12.961 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 69.628 t in EVO B13; 161.626 t in B14; 48.613 t in B15 and 26.308 t in B16. In June 2005 these plants emitted totally 191,465 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 1,232,764 t of carbon dioxide sulfur dioxide (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  20. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, April 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-05-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In May 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 6.543 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 431.337 t in EVO B13; 415.883 t in B14; 10.462 t in B15 and 0.034 t in B16. In April 2005 these plants emitted totally 199,824 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 818,217 t of carbon dioxide (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  1. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during August 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-09-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In August 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 7.026 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 109.943 t in EVO B13; 226.100 t in B14; 52.929 t in B15 and 43.966 t in B16. In August 2006 these plants emitted totally 243,183 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 1,042,569 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  2. Summary revaluation of energetic start-up of the unit 1 of nuclear power plant Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sarvaic, I.; Miskolci, M.

    1998-01-01

    The document contents stage revaluation of energetic start-up of the unit 1 of nuclear power plant Mochovce. Test results of the stage of energetic start-up are summarized in the document, valuation of important systems and block devices as well as fulfilling the operation limits and conditions has been performed. On that base conclusions and recommendations for start-up the unit 2 and for commercial operation of the unit 1 are elaborated. The valuation has been elaborated by a scientific management for start-up nuclear power plant Mochovce of nuclear safety of nuclear power facilities. Scientific management for start-up of nuclear power plant Mochovce performed continuous valuation of individual power levels after ending of each individual level and it gave its valuation to energy power level with recommendations and conditions for further start-up process and operation. Scientific management finished its activity at the unit 1 of nuclear power plant Mochovce according to a statute of scientific management for start-up after successful completion of conclusive block run. Scientific management group was founded in February 1998 at nuclear power plant Mochovce. Its members are experts from Slovak, Czech, Russian and French organizations which are participating in power plant completion. Members are listed in a supplement No. 2

  3. Completion of Units 3 and 4 at Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aquilanti, G.

    2009-01-01

    After the completion of a feasibility study, SE/ENEL decided to complete Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant Units 3 and 4 in April 2007. In July 2008, after a revision of the Basic Design that led to the inclusion of additional safety improvements, the European Commission issued a positive viewpoint on the decision. In August 2008 the Slovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority issued a permit for 'modification of a construction project prior to its completion', approving the Basic Design modifications: the kick-off of site activities was on November 2008. In December 2008, SE initiated the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedure aimed at obtaining the Operational License by submitting the EIA intent to the Ministry of Environment. A multi contractual strategy was adopted for the completion works: the total number of foreseen contracts is about 250 (90 main and additional 160 minor). In the following the present status of the project is presented: in particular, the Project Management system implemented by SE/ENEL is described and the progress of the engineering, fabrication and construction activities is analyzed. (author)

  4. Preparation phase of Mochovce NPP unit 3 and 4 construction completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cillik, I.; Tvaroska, V.; Liska, P.; Ziman, V.

    2005-01-01

    In this presentation authors deal with preparation phase of Mochovce NPP unit 3 and 4 construction completion. The preparation phase of the Mochovce unit 3 and 4 construction completion gives following main outputs: (a) Detail Safety Concept gives definitive complex safety and technical improvement of MO34, more precise analysis of the total cost of construction completion, a list of potential suppliers and construction completion time schedule; (b) Appendices of Basic Design Documentation and Preliminary SAR serves as basic documentation for UJD SR decision making according to Law No. 541 for start of Realization Phase; (c) The Preparation Phase represents effective tool for start of MO34 construction completion Realization Phase.

  5. Summary revaluation of cold testing of the first block of nuclear power plant Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miskolci, M.; Sarvaic, I.

    1998-01-01

    The document contents summary revaluation of the stage of cold testing of the first unit of nuclear power plant Mochovce. The valuation is processed in individual systems with safety significance. The process and results of system testing and their conclusions for the block readiness for active testing are summarized in the document. The valuation has been elaborated by a scientific management for start-up of nuclear power plant Mochovce as an independent conductor assistance for activation check from the nuclear safety point of view. The valuation of the activation results of systems in the first unit of nuclear power plant was processed as of 15.3.1998

  6. Evaluation of power commissioning of the Mochovce Unit 1 demonstration run

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sarvaic, I.; Miskolci, M.

    1998-01-01

    The document contains evaluation of the 144 hour demonstration run of the Mochovce Unit 1. In the document, the courses and results of additional tests in this phase of power commissioning are summarized, evaluation of the performance of important systems and equipment of the unit is carried out, as well as of the compliance with Limits and Conditions in the course of the demonstration run. On this basis, conclusions are drawn and recommendations given for the unit to by ready for trial operation. The evaluation was developed by the scientific management of the Mochovce commissioning providing an independent support for the operators for supervising the commissioning tasks from the point of nuclear safety

  7. Implementation of computer codes for performance assessment of the Republic repository of LLW/ILW Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hanusik, V.; Kopcani, I.; Gedeon, M.

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes selection and adaptation of computer codes required to assess the effects of radionuclide release from Mochovce Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility. The paper also demonstrates how these codes can be integrated into performance assessment methodology. The considered codes include DUST-MS for source term release, MODFLOW for ground-water flow and BS for transport through biosphere and dose assessment. (author)

  8. 'HSE protection through safe work'. Mochovce NPP is the holder of ISO 14001:2004 and CSN OHSAS 18001 certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Molnarova, Zuzana; Torda, Anton

    2009-01-01

    The article provides information on the safety of the Mochovce NPP related to occupational health and safety and environmental protection. The facility has earned EN ISO 140001 and OHSAS 18001 certificates. (orig.)

  9. The Progeny Test Half-Sib Paraserianthes falcataria L. Nielsen at Taman Hutan Blok Cikabayan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mukmin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Analysis of genetic parameters in seedling seed orchard progeny trial of Paraserianthes falcataria at Taman Hutan Blok Cikabayan are very important to decide to continue  the breeding program.  The analysis was coducted on estimation of individual heritability and genetic correlation between traits. Result of analysis shows that individual heritability for height, diameter and form traits.  Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

  10. Pre-operational monitoring results for the Mochovce National Radwaste Repository

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moravek, J.; Slavik, O.; Rosol, M.

    2000-01-01

    Approval of Environmental radiological monitoring program by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic was one of conditions to allow commencing of trialoperation of Republic Radioactive Waste Repository, Mochovce (RRWR). This program is to document the readiness and personal and technical capability of the operator to monitor the potential environmental radiation impact of the repository, respectively, in time to identify the possible environmental radioactivity level elevations due to the repository performance loss. Part of the approved environmental monitoring program are the evaluated pre-operational monitoring results (obtained in the period before commissioning of the repository) that serve as statistical basis for evaluation of the environmental background radioactivity level deviations in the RRWR's normal operation period. Apart from description of the mentioned pre-operational monitoring results, basic information about the constructional design of the Mochovce RRWR and its engineered and natural barriers are introduced as well. Derived reference levels using the mentioned preoperational results are also subject of the paper. (author)

  11. Evaluation of power commissioning of the Mochovce Unit 1 power level up to 100 % Nnom

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sarvaic, I.; Mickolci, M.

    1998-01-01

    The document contains an evaluation of the power phase of power commissioning of the Mochovce Unit 1 in the phase up to the power level of 100 % N nom .In the document, the courses and results of tests in this phase of power commissioning are summarized, evaluation of the performance of important systems and equipment of the unit is carried out, and the compliance with Limits and Conditions in the course of the phase is assessed. On this basis, conclusions are drawn and recommendations for the unit to be ready for subsequent phases of the power commissioning. The evaluation was developed by the scientific management of the Mochovce commissioning providing an independent support for the operators for supervising the commissioning tasks from the point of nuclear safety

  12. Experience with use and proposals for improvement of the SMAR system in Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simko, J.; Urban, P.; Miskovic, J.; Repa, M.; Vanco, P.; Sipka, J.

    2001-01-01

    A system for monitoring the accuracy and reliability characteristics of standard temperature measurements both at fuel channel exits and at the reactor inlet and outlet, was partially installed in Mochovce Units 1 and 2 simultaneously with their commissioning. In the paper, the way of implementation of the SMAR system at both units, experience with its use since the start-up and proposals for the improvement of the system are presented. (Authors)

  13. Commissioning of Mochovce 1 - Important achievement of the world's nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holy, Robert; Petrech, Rastislav

    1999-01-01

    The nuclear power industry has been recently perceived by the general public as a specific industrial branch stretching its activities far beyond the conventional industrial standard. Similarly, the stage of testing and commissioning of a nuclear power plant is perceived as a specific stage in the plant life-cycle. This is a complicated process not only in technical terms, but in the context of nowadays, it is also one of the key periods in terms of public relations and public acceptance. The stage of commissioning unit 1 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant evoked a real communication media war between defenders and opponents of the nuclear industry started early in 1998 in Slovakia, as well as in other, mostly neighbouring countries. It should be noted, however, that the Mochovce plant has never been a technical problem as confirmed a number of international regulatory missions and audits, even though its construction was stopped in early 90's. The result of the war between the opponents and 'nuclear experts' was more or less clear to a thinking human being - a compromise could have been the only result. The compromise which is in fact a victory of the side of technical development, and loss of those lobbying for a nuclear-reactor-free central Europe. This article brings a review of events that accompanied commissioning activities of Mochovce NPP unit I which were important in terms of public relations

  14. Criticality safety analysis of spent fuel storage for NPP Mochovce using MCNP5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farkas, G.; Hascik, J.; Lueley, J.; Vrban, B.; Petriska, M.; Slugen, V.; Urban, P.

    2011-01-01

    The paper presents results of nuclear criticality safety analysis of spent fuel storage for the first and second unit of NPP Mochovce. The spent fuel storage pool (compact and reserve grid) was modeled using the Monte Carlo code MCNP5. Conservative approach was applied and calculation of k eff values was performed for normal and various postulated emergency conditions in order to evaluate the final maximal k eff values. The requirement of current safety regulations to ensure 5% subcriticality was met except one especially conservative case. (Authors)

  15. Seismic re-evaluation of Mochovce nuclear power plant. Seismic reevaluation of civil structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Podrouzek, P.

    1997-01-01

    In this contribution, an overview of seismic design procedures used for reassessment of seismic safety of civil structures at the Mochovce NPP in Slovak Republic presented. As an introduction, the objectives, history, and current status of seismic design of the NPP have been explained. General philosophy of design methods, seismic classification of buildings, seismic data, calculation methods, assumptions on structural behavior under seismic loading and reliability assessment were described in detail in the subsequent section. Examples of calculation models used for dynamic calculations of seismic response are given in the last section. (author)

  16. Participation of Skoda Praha a.s. in completion of NPP Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poukar, F.

    1997-01-01

    The history of the construction of the Mochovce nuclear power plant is briefly described. In 1995, after obtaining promises of loans from Czech banks the Slovak government decided that the completion of the mechanical and electrical parts of units 1 and 2 would be placed with Skoda Praha in the position of general supplier; Skoda together with Siemens and Framatome would also be charged with implementing the safety measures necessary to reach European standards. Evaluation of safety studies and risk audits, and elaboration of safety measures are now under way. (M.D.)

  17. Radiological impact of co-location of the VLLW and LILW repository at Mochovce site - 59152

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hanusik, V.; Kusovska, Z.; Moravek, J.; Balaz, J.; Chren, O.

    2012-01-01

    JAVYS, the Nuclear Decommissioning Company owner and operator of National Radioactive Waste Repository (NRR) at Mochovce, is planning the enlargement of the existing NRR. The enlargement consists of the construction of new structures (double rows) like the ones existing for LILW and of the new facility for the disposal of Very Low Level Waste (VLLW). A VLLW disposal site is being planned in Mochovce where a LILW disposal site is already located. As a part of ongoing licensing process for this change in utilization of the NRR we have updated the already existing assessment of potential radiological impact to members of the public after closure of the site, both from the migration of leachate in groundwater from the site and from possible inadvertent intrusion into the site, including future residence on the material excavated for the construction of the road. The radionuclides from the ground water reach the biosphere through a spring flowing into the lake. It is conservatively assumed that individual in the critical group uses biosphere of the lake (for irrigations, fishing and recreation). In the case of unintentional intrusion into the repository, the exposed group consists of a small number of workers who excavate or examine repository materials. The assessment is based on preliminary conceptual design for VLLW module, estimation of future volumes for the different waste classes and their radiological inventories and considers some common aspects and potential interactions between both disposal systems, such as radiological criteria, critical group definition, institutional period, site environment, total activity inventory. (authors)

  18. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, September 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2008-01-01

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within September 2008 were: 0.25 MBq of aerosoles, 0.009 MBq of iodine-131, and 330 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - September 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 5.58 MBq (0.0033% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.144 MBq (0.00021% of AL) of iodine-131, and 1.146 TBq (0.028% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within September 2008 were: 251 GBq of tritium, and 0.86 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - September 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 6.775 TBq (56.5% of AL) of tritium; 10.36 MBq (0.94% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in September 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  19. Information about influence of the Mochovce NPP on the environment, February 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2008-01-01

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Hron River as well as of radiation monitoring of Mochovce NPP Units 1 and 2 are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within February 2008 were: 0.16 MBq of aerosoles, 0.014 MBq of iodine-131, and 136 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - February 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 0.43 MBq (0.00026% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.023 MBq (0.000034% of AL) of iodine-131, and 286 GBq (0.007% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River within February 2008 were: 1.134 TBq of tritium, and 0.68 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - February 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Hron River represented 1.901 TBq (15.8% of AL) of tritium; 1.34 MBq (0.12% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in February 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  20. Study of environmental impact assessment for Mochovce NPP Units 3 and 4. Executive summary. September 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2007-09-01

    SE/ENEL, on a voluntary basis, has prepared new EIA Study for the completion of Units 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant (MO34 NPP) according to International current practices and European Directives. The results of the analysis, according to SE/ENEL Environment and Corporate Social Responsibility policies, will be provided to local Communities and Public Authorities. The Environmental Impact Assessment is performed: - in compliance with appendix 11 of Slovak Act. No. 24/2006 'On the assessment of the effects on the environment and on the modification and enlargement of some laws'; - meeting the requirements of the Exhibit II 'Illustrative list of potential social and environmental issues to be addressed in the Social and Environmental Assessment documentation' as reported in the document 'Equator Principles' of 2006 July developed by the International Finance Corporation (IFC). The area of Mochovce NPP is situated in Central Europe in the south-western region of the Slovak Republic (SR) at the western border of the Levice district. The area lies in the south-western part of the Kozmalovske hills mainly in the Hron highlands. From the point of view of the terrestrial and administrative organization of the SR, Mochovce NPP is situated in the eastern part of the Nitra region, in the north-western part of the Levice district, close to the border with the Nitra and Zlate Moravce districts. Mochovce NPP is approx. 12 km from the district capital Levice, which is the largest town within a 20 km distance from the power plant. Initial site preparation began in August 1983. In April 1998 the first fuel was loaded into Unit 1 of Mochovce NPP. The operation started in August 1998. Unit 2 started operation in January 2000. The original Construction Permit No. Vyst. 2010/86 for MO 34 was issued by the District National Committee in Levice on the basis of the Land Planning Decisions on 12 November 1986. This Permit has been renewed firstly on 5 May 1997 by letter of the

  1. Karakter Geoarkeologis dan Proses Budaya Prasejarah Zona Poros Ponjong – Rongkop di Blok Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarwo Susetyo Edy Yuwono

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan di Zona Poros Ponjong - Rongkop, yaitu bagian dari Blok Tengah Gunungsewu di Pegunungan Selatan Jawa, yang posisinya diapit oleh dua depresi bekas danau purba, yaitu Ledok Wonosari dan Ledok Baturetno. Morfologinya berupa punggungan perbukitan karst berarah utara-selatan antara daerah Ponjong dan Rong-kop, membentuk semacam poros hampir tegak lurus terhadap bentangan umum Gunungsewu. Bagian paling utara ber-batasan dengan pegunungan non-karst dan memiliki topografi tertinggi di Blok Tengah Gunungsewu, sehingga menjadi wilayah hulu bagi sungai-sungai bawahtanah di Gunungkidul. Melalui beberapa survei ditemukan sejumlah 56 gua yang memiliki potensi arkeologis, tujuh di antaranya sudah diekskavasi dan terbukti menyimpan jejak-jejak hunian prase-jarah dari Kala Pleistosen Akhir - Holosen Awal. Pendekatan geoarkeologis sebagai studi gabungan antara arkeologi dan geomorfologi, dilakukan untuk membangun model-model integral mengenai hubungan sistematik antara manusia dengan bentanglahan karst Gunungsewu di area penelitian. Dua hal yang menjadi tujuan utama penelitian ini adalah: Pertama, menjelaskan karakter geoarkeologis Zona Poros Ponjong - Rongkop sebagai perpaduan antara aspek-aspek geomorfologis (morfologi, morfogenesis, morfokronologi, dan morfoaransemen dan aspek-aspek arkeologis (distri-busi gua dan potensi arkeologisnya. Tujuan ini dicapai melalui penilaian dan pemetaan distribusi potensi gua sebagai situs arkeologis, kemudian menganalisis hubungannya dengan aspek-aspek geomorfologis setempat. Kedua, menjelas-kan proses budaya prasejarah, yaitu bentuk dinamis dari budaya penghunian gua beserta faktor-faktor yang mempen-garuhinya. Metode untuk mencapai tujuan ini adalah dengan menganalisis konteks data arkeologis dan stratigrafi lantai gua yang pernah diekskavasi. Sintesis kajian atas kedua capaian tujuan ini memberikan penjelasan integral atas karakter geoarkeologis dan proses budaya prasejarah di area

  2. Studi Perencanaan Pembangunan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Panas Bumi Sebesar 120 MW di Blok Sarulla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BHM Goldy Ompusunggu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Terus bertambahnya jumkah penduduk di Indonesia serta semakin majunya industri di Indonesia menyebabkan kebutuhan listrik Indonesia juga terus meningkat. Untuk memenuhi kebutuhan listrik yang terus meningkat ini pemanfaatan sumber energi selain fosil perlu dilakukan. Energi geothermal adalah salah satu energi alternatif yang ada di Indonesia. Sumber daya energi geothermal di Indonesia memiliki potensi yang sangat besar. Geothermal power plant ini didirikan di derah Blok Sarullam Sumatera Utara pada tahun 2020. Pabrik pembangkit listrik tenaga geothermal ini menggunakan proses integrated combined cycle, yang merupakan teknologi paling mutakhir dan baik diantara semua teknologi proses pembangkit listrik tenaga geothermal. Alasan pemilihan proses ini adalah kesesuaian dari karakteristik sumur geothermal dengan syarat dari pengaplikasian proses integrated combined cycle, yaitu memiliki entalpi yang tinggi. Proses ini menggabungkan teknologi proses binary cycle dan combined cycle sehingga transfer energinya maksimal dan memiliki efisiensi energi yang besar. Selain itu, pada proses integrated combined cycle 100% dari steam yang diambil dari sumur sumber panas bumi diinjeksikan kembali ke dalam sumber panas bumi sehingga umur sumur dan reservoir panas bumi dapat berproduksi lebih lama. Pada pabrik pembangkit listrik tenaga geothermal ini digunakan 2 jenis turbin, yaitu turbin uap untuk aliran fluida geothermal dan turbin gas untuk aliran working fluid iso-pentana.Proses geothermal power plant ini akan berlangsung secara kontinyu, yaitu 24 jam/hari dan 330 hari/tahun dengan perencanaan sebagai dengan kapasitas produksi 124 MW/tahun dengan bahan Baku Feed dan Iso-Pentana sebanyak 1544832 kg/jam dan 1634544 kg/jam.Berdasarkan analisis ekonomi dengan menggunakan metode pendekatan discounted cash flow yang terdiri dari perhitungan biaya prodiksi dan aliran kas/kinerja keuangan yang telah dilakukan, menghasilkan nilai Internal Rate of Return ( IRR 13

  3. Level 1 PSA study of Mochovce unit 1 NPP (SM AA 10 and 08)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cillik, I.

    1997-01-01

    This paper presents genesis of Level 1 PSA project preparation for all operational modes of Mochovce NPP unit 1 including the description of its' main objectives, scope and working method. The PSA study which includes full power (FPSA) as well as shutdown and low power conditions (SPSA) Level 1 PSA has to support the nuclear safety improvements of the unit. They evaluate the basic design and the benefits of all improvements, which were found necessary to be incorporated before the start-up of the unit. The study includes internal events (transients and under-loss of coolant accident, LOCAs), internal hazards as fires and floods and selected external hazards as earthquake, influence of external industry, extreme meteorological conditions and aircraft crash.The PSA (both FPSA and SPSA) models is developed using the RISK SPECTRUM PSA code. (author)

  4. An operational approach to standard nuclear process model (SNPM) and SAP nuclear software implementation at Slovenske Elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Warren, C.C.

    2010-01-01

    Benchmarking efforts in the fall of 2006 showed significant performance gaps in multiple measured processes between the Slovenske Elektrarne (SE) nuclear organization and the highest performing nuclear organizations in the world. While overall performance of the SE nuclear fleet was good and in the second quartile, when compared to the worldwide population of Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR), SE leadership set new goals to improve safety and operational performance to the first decile of the worldwide PWR Fleet. To meet these goals the SE nuclear team initiated a project to identify and implement the Best Practice nuclear processes in multiple areas. The benchmarking process identified the Standard Nuclear Performance Model (SNPM), used in the US nuclear fleet, as the industry best practice process model. The Slovenske Elektrarne nuclear management team used various change management techniques to clearly establish the case for organizational and process change within the nuclear organization. The project organization established by the SE nuclear management team relied heavily on functional line organization personnel to gain early acceptance of the project goals and methods thereby reducing organizational opposition to the significant organizational and process changes. The choice of a standardized process model used, all or in part, by approximately one third of the nuclear industry worldwide greatly facilitated the development and acceptance of the changes. Use of a nuclear proven templated software platform significantly reduced development and testing efforts for the resulting fully integrated solution. In the spring of 2007 SE set in motion a set of initiatives that has resulted in a significant redesign of most processes related to nuclear plant maintenance and continuous improvement. Significant organizational structure changes have been designed and implemented to align the organization to the SNPM processes and programs. The completion of the initial

  5. 'The discourses of love': some observations regarding Charles Baudelaire in the context of Brjusov's and Blok's vision of the 'Urban Woman'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ioffe, D.

    2008-01-01

    The paper deals with some aspects of the "discourse of love" in Russian poetry of the Silver Age, in particular with regard to the description of the "urban woman". There are clear parallels between the methods employed for this imaginary figure as developed by the Russian Symbolists Blok and

  6. Review of selected contributions of the conference 'Integrated quality management systems in completion of units 3 and 4 Mochovce'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-04-01

    There were 14 contributions presented of the conference focused on the integrated quality management systems in completion EMO34. Contributions were focused both on theoretical problems from the project management area and on the applications in practice in management systems implementation in accordance with the standards: STN EN ISO 9001:2000, STN EN ISO 14 001:2005, and OHSAS 18 001:1999 at the completion of the Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce of units 3 and 4

  7. RADIATION EXPOSURE OF THE POPULATION FROM 222Rn AND OTHER NATURAL RADIONUCLIDES AROUND MOCHOVCE NUCLEAR POWER PLANT, SLOVAKIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulko, Martin; Holý, Karol; Pohronská, Žofia; Mullerová, Monika; Böhm, Radoslav; Holá, Ol'ga

    2017-11-01

    In this article, the effective dose to the population from natural sources of ionizing radiation in the vicinity of Mochovce nuclear power plant in Slovakia is presented. All major contributions to the effective dose were taken into account, including the contributions from gamma radiation of soil and rocks, cosmic radiation, and indoor and outdoor radon and thoron. On the basis of recent indoor radon measurements in Slovak cities and publicly available data about radon concentration in the soil air, a roughly linear relationship was found between these variables. Consequently, the annual effective dose from indoor radon and thoron was conservatively estimated. For the area of interest, a map of conservatively estimated potential effective doses was created. For the villages in the vicinity of Mochovce, the conservatively estimated effective dose to the population from natural sources ranged from 5.4 to 14.6 mSv, which is four orders of magnitude higher than the contribution of radioactive discharges from Mochovce nuclear power plant. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. The nuclear regulatory authority of the Slovak Republic and start-up of the Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seliga, Mojmir

    1999-01-01

    The important aspect is testing if the nuclear energy in the Slovak Republic is due to obligatory rules acceptable and its operation is regulated by the state through the independent institution - The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD). UJD considers the whole area of public relations an essential component of its activity. UJD intends to serve the public true, systematic, qualified, understandable and independent information regarding nuclear safety of nuclear power plants, as well as regarding methods and results of UJD work. Generally, public information is considered as significant contribution to the creation of confidence into the regulatory work. The public relations are understood as attempts to establish, keep and improve UJD-s good relations to its neighbours through purposeful informing. An Information centre at the offices of UJD was built and opened in October 1995 with IAEA Director General as the first visitor. NPP Mochovee is an example of international co-operation in achieving internationally acceptable safety standards. Companies from France, Germany, USA, Russian Federation, Czech Republic and Slovakia and last, but not least also the IAEA participated significantly on increasing the safety level of this NPP. We have been fully aware of the importance of good communication with press, TV and radio broadcasting in this pre-operation and operation period about nuclear safety, nuclear standard and other nuclear aspects commissioning of the NPP Mochovce in the UJD. The information policy of the UJD was in this period focused on the preparation an actual press releases for general and specialised news- paper and national press agencies. Very important were the frequent presentations the requirement safety stages of the NPP Mochovce inIV and radio broadcasting by headquarters of the UJD. UJD as the state authority provides information related to its competence, namely information on safety of operation of nuclear installations

  9. The management of safety within the completion of units 3. and 4. in NPP Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ocenas, M.

    2009-01-01

    The contribution defines the way of management of safety and protection of health and protection against the fire during completion of units 3. and 4. in NPP Mochovce. The creation of the management of safety raised from the legal and other requirements applied in the civil activities and mainly from the requirements for coordination of safety on the site. The whole system is methodically managed through the 5 basic documents so-called 'Building rules': 1) Safety-technical conditions of performance in SE, Inc. Bratislava (project MO34); 2) MO34/1/MNA-003.00-02 the elaboration of the integrated safety plan; 3) MO34/1/NA-003.00-03 risks analyse; 4) PNM3460100 Integrated safety plan for completion of Units 3.and 4 in NPP Mochovce; 5) Project of construction organization. The system itself of the management of the safety prevention must by provided by the supplier in compliance with the standard OHSAS 18 001 and ISO 14001, and in compliance with the requirement of the builder applied in the technical specification for the contract. Most of necessary related documentation of Safety plan for the site is usually part of the documentation for quality management of contractor. Therefore it is necessary to put the reference in each chapter of the Safety plan for site and the standpoint how to apply it for the particular specific situation. The coordinator is mandatory to manage the prevention for the part of safety of specified site and to coordinate the activity of suppliers during the works tie in this way, that the each contractor shall meet the safety requirements given by safety plan and also to identify and to eliminate the risks menaced in the particular work places or the suppliers each other. The builder established its own control system and for this purpose he settled the data base so-called 'The system of corrective and precautionary activities'. The system registers in its data base all discrepancies determined during the regular controls of the head workers

  10. Experience gained during commissioning and trial operation of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    GaL, P.; Adamica, T.; Marosik, V.; Rehak, A.

    2000-01-01

    In this paper authors describe the experience gained during commissioning and trial operation of Mochovce NPP (EMO). The first year of EMO operation from the point of view of safety and reliability was successful. Evidently we were challenged with certain problems characteristic to this stage of operation which resulted in automatic reactor shutdown. There were 11 automatic shutdowns in 1998 by action of the quick emergency protection AO-1 and two manual shutdowns by the AO-1 key. In 1999, there were 6 automatic shutdowns by action of the quick emergency protection AO-1. Three of them was connected to the falsely activated binary signal of MCP switch of, in two cases the reason came out from the turbo-generator (TG) cooling water system. Very positive trend in the operation of both units shows the fact that during all commissioning period of the second unit there were only three automatic reactor shutdowns by the signal AO-1. All these actions were done in frame of commissioning tests. All causes which activated the automatic unit shutdowns were found out and rectified, the overall tuning of the cooling water system is on the process now. The solution of this problem is possible only power commissioning, and in the stage of the trial operation had no direct impacts on the nuclear, radiation, or technical safety respectively. In 1998 two events according to the INES scale after second unit commissioning because of two unit links of the cooling water system. The operational events during the commissioning tests, start-up tests, physical commissioning, were ranked the category 1 ('Action of SIS U040 p po <8,34 MPa at the system 2 and 3' and 'Breaching the L and C'). In 1999 only events occurred that were ranked in the category safety insignificant events and lower (category 0, or off the scale respectively). In the frame of the safety culture principles adopted, such as critical attitude, exact and careful approach, and communication, these problems were given the

  11. Ecological impacts and damage - comparison of selected components for nuclear and conventional power plants (example of Mochovce nuclear power plant)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bucek, M.

    1984-01-01

    A comparison is given of ecological damage for the nuclear power plant in Mochovce and a conventional power plant with the same power. Ecological effects and damage are divided into three groups: comparable damage, ecological damage caused only by conventional power plants and ecological damage caused only by nuclear power plants. In the first group the factors compared are land requisition, consumption of utility water and air consumption. In the second group are enumerated losses of crops (cereals, sugar beet, potatoes, oleaginous plants) and losses caused by increased disease rate owing to polluted environment by conventional power plants. In the third group health hazards are assessed linked with ionizing radiation. Also considered are vent stack escapes. (E.S.)

  12. The design preparation for radiation monitoring system in the frame of completion NPP Mochovce Units 3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sevecka, S.; Slavik, O.; Kapisovsky, V.

    2009-01-01

    In 1985 a Basic Design of Radiation Monitoring System (RMS) has been elaborated for Mochovce NPP unit 3 and 4 construction. Due to construction interruption in the following years this design solution became obsolete. A new solution of RMS have been developed with conception following that of original Basic Design accommodating also safety measures implemented in RMS of NPP EMO units 1 and 2, and based on modem instrumentation and computer technique. Following the updating of Basic Design documentation the preparation of elaboration of RMS detailed design was carried on. In the frame of this preparation a review of possible suppliers of instrumentation satisfying the conception of radiation monitoring system and the extension of required deliveries has been made. Also criteria on RMS suppliers selection have been determined. The types of monitoring systems and equipment, as well as their quantities, have been specified based on updated Basic Design requirements and production profiles and possibilities of potential suppliers. The required parameters of measurements (including measurement geometry) have been evaluated, as well as requirements of legislation and requirements of proposed RMS architecture. (authors)

  13. Ekspresi Relatif mRNA BRLF1 Epstein-Barr Virus dari Biopsi Jaringan Tumor dalam Blok Parafin sebagai Petanda Biologi Patogenesis Karsinoma Nasofaring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreanne Poppy Estania

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Karsinoma nasofaring (KNF merupakan tumor ganas pada sel epitel nasofaring dan merupakan penyakit multifaktor yang bersifat endemik. Tipe KNF tidak berdiferensiasi (KNF WHO-3 telah terbukti konsisten dengan infeksi EBV. Gen litik BRLF1 berperan sebagai mediator transisi dari fase laten menjadi litik. Pengukuran aktivitas mRNA EBV di lokasi tumor primer perlu dilakukan karena lebih mencerminkan patogenesis KNF yang  sesungguhnya dari pada diagnosis serologi dan pengukuran DNA EBV di sirkulasi darah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui nilai ekspresi relatif mRNA BRLF1 Epstein-Barr Virus pada beberapa tingkat stadium tumor penderita KNF sebagai  petanda biologi potensial dalam patogenesis KNF. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif yang berbentuk studi seran lintang. Sampel penelitian ini adalah biopsi jaringan tumor dalam blok parafin penderita KNF sebanyak 24 sampel. Sampel tersebut telah didiagnosis pasti sebagai KNF WHO-3 dari hasil pemeriksaan Patologi Anatomi pada Poli Patologi Anatomi, RSUD Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo, Purwokerto serta memenuhi kriteria inklusi sampel. Analisis statistik dilakukan untuk membandingkan ekspresi relatif mRNA BRLF1 stadium yang berbeda. Nilai ekspresi relatif mRNA BRLF1 EBV pada 24 sampel KNF berkisar 99,04415959-1097,496026. Hasil analisis statistik menunjukkan nilai ekspresi relatif mRNA BRLF1 EBV pada stadium awal (n = 5; 544,72420 + 142,614733 lebih tinggi 1,8 kali dibandingkan dengan stadium lanjut (n = 17; 395,68612 + 293,172201, namun peningkatan  ekspresi relatif mRNA BRLF1 EBV tidak bermakna secara statistik karena didapatkan nilai p=0,130 (p>0,05. Oleh karena itu, ekspresi relatif mRNA BRLF1 EBV dari biopsi jaringan tumor dalam blok parafin tidak berpotensi sebagai petanda biologi molekul patogenesis KNF, khususnya progresivitas tumor pada stadium lanjut KNF.

  14. Part II. Chapter VII. Lack of knowledge has generated misconceptions about WWER in Western Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bucha, T.

    2008-01-01

    In this interview Mr. Giancarlo Aquilanti (Project Director Mochovce NPP, Unit-3 and Unit-4, the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s., a member of ENEL) evaluates reactor safety in Mochovce NPP. Perspectives of development of nuclear energy in the Slovak Republic and Italia are discussed.

  15. Ekspresi mRNA LMP2A Epstein-Barr Virus dari Biopsi Jaringan dalam Blok Parafin Berpotensi sebagai Biomarka dalam Diagnosis Karsinoma Nasofaring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roni Afriansya

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Karsinoma nasofaring (KNF merupakan tumor epitel yang terletak di nasofaring dan merupakan penyakit genetik multifaktor yang endemik. Penyebab utama KNF adalah infeksi oleh Virus Epstein-Barr (EBV. Keberadaan EBV pada penderita KNF dapat diketahui dengan ditemukannya DNA EBV dalam spesimen biopsi jaringan penderita KNF. Genom EBV dan ekspresi sebagian dari produk gen laten virus secara konsisten terdeteksi hampir di setiap sel dalam kanker ini, salah satunya adalah gen Latent Membrant Protein (LMP. Aktivitas mRNA EBV lebih mencerminkan patogenesis KNF yang  sesungguhnya dari pada diagnosis serologi dan pengukuran DNA EBV di sirkulasi. Penelitian dilakukan di Laboratorium PA RSUD Margono Seokarjo, Purwokerto/Lab PA Fakultas Kedokteran dan laboratorium genetika/molekuler Universitas Jenderal Soedirman Purwokerto. Analisis Ekspresi mRNA LMP2A EBV dengan teknik one step RT-PCR dan produk RT-PCR (amplikon cDNA divisualisasi dengan elektroforesis gel agarosa 1%. Hasil ekspresi mRNA LMP2A EBV adalah 27,3% (6 dari 22 sampel. Kesimpulan, metode one step RT-PCR dapat digunakan untuk menganalisis ekspresi mRNA LMP2A EBV dari sampel biopsi jaringan KNF dalam blok paraffin dan hasil positivitas ekspresi mRNA LMP2A EBV sedang, sehingga berpotensi digunakan sebagai petanda biologi molekul diagnosis KNF.

  16. PENGARUH TEPUNG DAUN GAMAL DAN DAUN KELOR DALAM UREA CASSAVA BLOK (UCB TERHADAP KECERNAAN, KADAR VFA, DAN NH3 IN-VITRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N M. WITARIADI

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian telah dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mendapatkan informasi tentang pengaruh tepung daun gamal dan daun kelor sebagai sumber protein dalam urea cassava blok (UCB terhadap kecernaan bahan kering, bahan organik, kadar VFA, dan NH3 cairan rumen pakan jerami padi secara invitro. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan mempergunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL dengan 3 perlakuan dan 5 ulangan. Sehingga secara keseluruhan terdapat 15 unit penelitian. Adapun ketiga perlakuan tersebut adalah: Perlakuan A (jerami padi + UCB yang ditambah tepung daun kelor; B (jerami padi + UCB yang ditambah tepung daun gamal, dan C (jerami padi + UCB yang ditambah tepung daun kelor dan daun gamal. Varibel yang diamati adalah kecernaan bahan kering (KCBK , kecernaan bahan organik (KCBO in-vitro, produksi vollatile fatty acid (VFA, produksi NH3, dan pH supernatan. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan bahwa KCBK, KCBO invitro, VFA, NH3, dan pH supernatan pada ketiga perlakuan berbeda nyata (P<0,05. Penggunaan daun gamal sebagai sumber protein pada UCB menghasilkan KCBK, KCBO, VFA, NH3, tertinggi dibandingkan dengan daun kelor maupun kombinasi antara daun gamal dan daun kelor. EFFECT OF USING GLIRICIDIA (Gliricidia sepium AND MORINGA (Moringa oleifera LEAVES MEALS IN UREA CASSAVA BLOCK (UCB ON DIGESTIBILITY, VOLLATILE FATTY ACID, AND NH3 IN-VITRO. ABSTRACT The experiment has been conducted in order to now the effect of Gliricidia sepium and Moringa oleifera leaves meal a source of protein in urea cassava block (UCB to the digestibility dray matter and organic matter , VFA and ammonia concentration with rice straw diet. The experiment set in completely randomized design using three treatment. The treatment are: A (rise straw + UCB with Moringa; B (rise straw + UCB with Gliricidia sepium, and C (rise straw + UCB with Moringa and Gliricidia sepium. The observed variable are: dry matter, organic matter digestibility, volatile fatty acid, ammonia concentration, and pH rumen juice

  17. Unit 1 and Unit 2 Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce construction finishing from primary contractor of technological part. Skoda Praha a. s. point of view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Horky, F.

    2000-01-01

    In this paper the history of delivery of technological part for NPP V-1 Mochovce as well as of reconstruction and safety improvements by the Skoda Praha a.s. is presented. Primary contractor of technological part Skoda Praha together with its final suppliers proved ability to realize under hard conditions such a complicated work what was indisputedly Units 1 and 2 finishing. Company proved capability to conform itself flexibly in the course of work to requirements of customer for realization of safety measures which means that Units 1 and 2 fully satisfy international standards. By fulfilment of primary contractor of technology obligations and above all by takeover of complex responsibility for both Units putting in operation including responsibility for 'past' Skoda Praha put away one of basic problems which occurred in decision making to whom will be assigned construction finishing contract. These facts fully qualify Skoda Praha to be selected for possible Units 3 and 4 construction finishing as one of chief construction finishing participant

  18. Report on the evaluation under the Act No 24/2006 of Coll. Environmental Impact Assessment Law Extension of National Radioactive Waste Repository in Mochovce for disposal low-level radioactive waste and construction of very low-level radioactive waste repository

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hanusik, V.; Moravek, J.; Kusovska, Z.

    2011-01-01

    The report elaborated assessment of the environmental impact of extension of the National Radioactive Waste Repository in Mochovce for disposal of low and intermediate level radioactive wastes. Within this repository also the premises for very low level radioactive waste deposition should be built. The assessment report was prepared according to the Act no. 24/2006 Coll, as amended 'On the assessment of environmental impacts' Annex No. 11 upon The scope of assessment issued by the competent authority on the basis of assessment of Intent for this action. The report was prepared in VUJE, Inc. Trnava for Nuclear and Decommissioning Company, Inc. Bratislava (JAVYS).

  19. Kayu Kelapa sebagai Bahan Inti Papan Blok

    OpenAIRE

    Kliwon, Suwandi; Sutigno, Paribotro; lskandar, M I

    1986-01-01

    This report deals with the making of blackboard with coconut wood core and testing the physical and mechanical properties of the blackboard. The coconut wood (Cocos nucifera) was collected from Banten, (West Java).The results, indicate that the physical properties of blockboard with coconut wood core are worse than that with a mixture of red meranti and coconut wood core. The bending strength paralel to the grain of blockboard with coconut wood core is bet...

  20. Safety measures for NPP Mochovce - Skoda contribution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Svec, P.

    1997-01-01

    Brief technical descriptions are given of the following issues involved in safety measures: reactor pressure vessel embrittlement and its monitoring; non-destructive testing; integrity of the steam generator primary collector; integrity of steam generator heat exchanging tubes; distribution of feedwater in the steam generator; the hazard of plugging water collectors located on the steam generator room floor; steam generator level control valves; primary circuit venting under emergency conditions; diagnostic systems installed in the primary circuit; monitoring of reactor pressure vessel head leaks; severity of containment leaks; turbine missiles; seismic design; procedures for normal operation; and operation limits and conditions. (M.D.)

  1. NPP Mochovce - a project of extraordinay significance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chwolik, I.; Debru, M.

    2000-01-01

    In this paper and in this presentation the reactor safety upgrading of two blocks of the NPP V-1 Bohunice, some results of participation on safety upgrading by the German-French consortium EUCOM (Framatome and Siemens-KWU) are presented. (author)

  2. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Enterprise Vojany power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This brochure describes the Enterprise Vojany power plant (SE-EVO) is described. This is brown coal burning ((EVO II) and natural gas or fuel oil burning (EVO I) power plant. Technical data in detail of SE-EVO as well as results of up-grade of the SE-EVO are presented

  3. Slovak Electric, plc, Environment report 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    A brief account of activities in environment protection carried out by the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. in 1998 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) The address of general director; (2) Conception of environmental protection in joint stock company SE, a.s.; (3) Air protection; (4) Water management; (5) Waste management; (6) Environmental management system in joint stock company Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s.; (7) Finances spent to protection and setting of environment; (8) Vojany power plant(SE-EVO); (9) Novaky power plant (SE-ENO); (10) Kosice power plant (SE-TEKO); (11) Trencin water power stations (SE-VET); (12) Dobsina water power stations (SE-VED); (13) Bohunice nuclear power plant (SE-EBO); (14) Mochovce nuclear power plant (SE-EMO); (15) Bratislava transmission system plant (SE-PS); (16) Bohunice radioactive waste treatment and conditioning centre

  4. Studi Pendirian Pabrik Dimetil Karbonat di Blok Tangguh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fajar Premana Putra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Sejak adanya revolusi industry emisi dari gas CO2 semakin meningkat dari tahun ke tahun. Dampak dari peningkatan emisi CO2 adalah global warming yang menyebabkan suhu bumi yang semakin meningkat. Terjadinya global warming juga menyebabkan berbagai bencana dan perubahan iklim. Bahan bakar cair seperti gasoline adalah jenis bahan bakar yang paling banyak digunakan dalam bidang transportasi. Salah satu upaya yang dapat dilakukan untuk meminimalisir emisi CO2 dari kendaraan serta mengurangi penggunaan bahan bakar fosil ialah dengan penambahan zat aditif yang memiliki kandungan oksingen tinggi (oxygenated compound pada bahan bakar cair seperti gasoline. DMC (Dimethyl Carbonate merupakan salah satu zat aditif yang dianggap mampu untuk menggantikan zat aditif karena DMC lebih ramah lingkungan dibandingkan dengan zat aditif lainnya karena dapat mengurangi emisi hidrokarbon, CO, NOx dan partikel lainya. DMC juga memiliki kadar oksigen yang relatif tinggi (53,3 wt.%, tekanan uap rendah, nilai oktan campuran yang tinggi.Indonesia sendiri belum memiliki plant untuk menghasilkan DMC. Sehingga untuk dijadikan zat aditif maka produksi DMC dalam negeri harus ditingkatkan terlebih dahulu. Secara garis besar Pabrik DMC terdiri dari Purifikasi Gas Bumi, Sintesa Metanol, Purifikasi Metanol, Sintesa DMC, Purifikasi DMC. Dari studi yang dilakukan untuk Pabrik DMC dengan kapasitas 132,2 MMSCFD Gas Bumi masuk dibutuhkan investasi sebesar MUSD 369,1. Dari analisa ekonomi diperoleh: Internal Rate of Return : 26,49%; POT: 4,1 tahun; BEP : 67,8 %; dan NPV 10 year : MUSD 928,8. Dari keempat parameter sensitifitas yaitu fluktuasi biaya investasi, harga bahan baku, kapasitas, dan harga jual dari produk, terlihat bahwa keempatnya tidak memberikan pengaruh cukup signifikan terhadap kenaikan atau penurunan nilai IRR kilang. Sehingga Pabrik Dimetil Karbonat ini layak untuk didirikan.

  5. Not only by the Slovak roads but by railway too

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janecova, M.

    2005-01-01

    Conditioned radioactive wastes from Jaslovske Bohunice NPP and from the decommissioning process of the A-1 NPP are deposited in the Republic disposal site of radioactive wastes in Mochovce since 2000 year. These wastes are transported nowadays by the roads. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) are implementing new model of transport of dangerous expenditures. During 2005 radioactive wastes open to transport not only by the Slovak roads but by railway too. For needs of transport three special wagons and 12 transport-operating frames were manufactured, which will serve for fixation during all transport cycle. Within one transport 12 containers will be transported by the same mail. At the transhipment station in Mochovce they will be reloaded on the lorry-trailer combination, which will transport them by the road to the object of the disposal site

  6. Safety of nuclear power plants in Slovak Republic in the context of integration into the European Union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pillar, V.

    2001-01-01

    A review of the construction and operation of nuclear power plants in Slovak Republic which belong within Slovenske Elektrarne is made. Since 1993 with the applying of the Least Cost Planning Methods and Financial Feasibility Analysis the optimal variant, considering construction completion of the two units at Mochovce NPP, has been adopted and a project for safety enhancement has been implemented. Some changes have been made in siting project in order to meet the seismic requirements, following by change of the control system design and supplier. The most important result of the safety enhancement program, important not only for NPP Mochovce, but also for all NPPs of WWER 440/213 type, is the fact, that operability of containment with passive bubbler-condenser system for pressure suppression and its acceptability from safety point of view, has been fully confirmed. Results of safety enhancement program have been re-evaluated not only by International Atomic Energy Agency, but also by other international authorities and professional organisations with positive result. Especially significant is the conclusion of RISKAUDIT, which has carried out repeated evaluation of safety level of NPP Mochovce based on PHARE project and which is accepted by European Commission. A similar approach for enhancing the safety has been applied for the NPP V-1 units at Jaslovske Bohunice

  7. Living near a nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcan, P.; Slovak, K.

    2007-01-01

    The need to expand nuclear power and its advantages are discussed publicly nearly each week. According to politicians and the nuclear lobby investing tens of billions Sk at Mochovce will bring Slovakia the often cited 'independence and energy self-sufficiency'. It will also mean profit for Slovenske elektrarne and the company's shareholders - the state and Italian company, Enel. In addition to the lively discussion on the pros and cons of nuclear energy, TREND was also interested in the living conditions around the concrete and strictly guarded, potentially dangerous plants and in the opinion of the people most affected by Mochovce and Jaslovske Bohunice on expansion of the existing and the building of new nuclear power plants. The construction of nuclear powers stations in these regions was not only about new jobs. The state 'prescribed' iodine pills and did not allow any construction in the region and, in the case of Mochovce, ordered the complete demolition of a village. The only thing that remained from Mochovce village was the church. 'And when it was found that the power plant would not reach it, it was even given a new roof. Former inhabitants, especially the older ones that had problems accepting the evacuation, used to visit it often,' explained Jan Foldy, the head of the local municipality in Kalna nad Hronom. After many years, life in the neighbouring villages is not bad. Their budgets are overflowing and so they can afford to spoil their inhabitants with free cable TV and high standard sport facilities, which should partly compensate for the fact that the people are living so close to a nuclear facility. (authors)

  8. Chance for young nuclear professionals in Slovenske Elektrarne, member of Enel Group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zlatnansky, Jozef

    2014-01-01

    Main areas and opportunities for young nuclear professionals: → Further increase of safety of NPPs in operation and → Construction of two new NPP units; → Safety and efficiency of NPP decommissioning and radwaste treatment; → CENTA and R&D; → Prototype of gas cooled fast-breader reactor - ALLEGRO. Gas-cooled fast reactor (GFR) is one of the Generation IV reactor concepts and represents one of the three European candidate for fast reactor types. Conclusions: • Human resources are key assets for nuclear organization; • Knowledge of nuclear technology be managed as a resource; • Support of young nuclear professionals is our commitment

  9. VUEZ. Annual report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2006 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Company profile; (3) Organisational structure; (4) Portfolio of products and services in 2006; (5) Quality management system; (6) Human resources; (7) Financial statements and auditor's report; (8) Auditor's certificate; (9) Basic and contact data. The year 2006 was a year of changes in the Slovak energy sector what, in a certain degree, became evident also in the related sphere of supplies. In the course of the year, Slovenske elektrarne a.s. Company was divided into two entities and its proprietary structure was changed. At the same time, the number of capital investment projects was reduced and the related procedure of procurement was changed. VUEZ, as a supplier to the energy sector, had to promptly respond to the changes. That was why in the first half of 2006, the organisational structure of VUEZ was modified. In the course of the year, also the structure of customers on the domestic market was partly changed. To stable partners such as Slovenske elektrarne (and its successors after the company splitting), another important partner was added - Vodohospodarska vystavba s.p. Bratislava. As to Slovenske elektrarne, our supplies were oriented mainly on nuclear reactor units in the Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce NPPs. At the end of the year, a joint convention was agreed and concluded on application of the results of the joint research at third parties. In the preparation for the decommissioning of the Jaslovske Bohunice V1 NPP, VUEZ continued its participation in on-going projects of an international consortium of companies. Similarly important were the customers such as CEZ a.s., Czech Republic (in particular its Dukovany NPP), and the Paks NPP (Hungary)

  10. NERACA KARBON PRA DAN POST HTI DI BLOK KHUSUS KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN TASIK BESAR SERKAP RIAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Suharto

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Climate change is the current global issue that has been discuss over two decades. In Indonesia context, the total greenhouse gases (GHG emissions from all sectors including land use change forestry, energy, peat fire, waste, agriculture and industry is 1.377.982,95 Gg CO2e. The GHG emission only counted by three main gases such as CO2, CH4 and N2O. Related to mitigation efforts by private company to reduce these emissions. This study more focus on comparation on how much natural forest can generate CO2 absorpsion from tree growth and how much plantation plantation company generate CO2 absorpsion from tree growth and their emission from its operational activities specially on transportation and N addition by synthentic fertilizer. The study conducted in specific block of forest management unit of Tasik Besar Serkap, Riau Province since January 2016 until June 2016. Based on this study, CO2 absorpsionfrom natural forest is  33.199.866,70 ton CO2, CO2 emissionfrom natural forest is 0, CO2 absorpsion from plantation company 13.366.266,32 ton CO2, CO2 emissionfrom synthetic fertilizer is 66.558.58 ton CO2, and CO2 emissionfrom transportation for operationalization of plantation company is 16.688,24 ton CO2.   Keyword: GHG emission, CO2 absorpsion, plantation Company, transportation, synthetic fertilizer

  11. 'Aansluiting plug en substraat geeft wortelproblemen miltonia': Onderzoeker: opkweekmateriaal zuigt vocht aan (interview met Chris Blok)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Velden, van P.; Blok, C.

    2014-01-01

    Aanhoudende ziekteproblemen in het wortelmilieu waren voor miltoniatelers aanleiding om bij Wageningen UR Glastuinbouw aan de bel te trekken. Uit onderzoek blijkt dat het fijne materiaal waaruit een plug bestaat het water uit de bark trekt en vasthoudt. Daardoor blijven de wortels in de plug te lang

  12. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Green Bank Telescope observations of NGC 2403 (de Blok+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Blok, W. J. G.; Keating, K. M.; Pisano, D. J.; Fraternali, F.; Walter, F.; Oosterloo, T.; Brinks, E.; Bigiel, F.; Leroy, A.

    2014-08-01

    We observed NGC 2403 with the Green Bank Telescopes in the 21-cm line of neutral hydrogen, in 21 sessions between 29 May and 30 September 2009. The beam size of the observations is 8.7'. We include a FITS file containing the data-cube (pos-pos-vel) of the HI emission line of NGC 2403. We used equatorial coordinates for the spatial dimensions and VLSR for the spectral dimension. The pixel size is 1.75' in spatial dimension and the spectral resolution is 5.2km/s. All values are in Jy/beam. The data-cube spans an area of about 4x4 degrees (RAxDec) around the center of the maps at 07:35:29.9 +65:35:48.5 (EQ=J2000) and the velocity ranges from -895.6 to 1745.0km/s. (2 data files).

  13. Tredjegradsatrioventrikulært blok hos en ung kvinde med kongenit centralt hypoventilationssyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagelberg, Rikke; Dixen, Ulrik

    2015-01-01

    Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare multisystem disorder characterized by autonomic nervous system dysfunction, which often manifests as failure to maintain ventilatory homeostasis during sleep. We present a case with a third degree atrioventricular block in a young woman...... with CCHS, which to our knowledge has not been seen before. As sudden death is known to occur among patients with CCHS, and it is under consideration to offer regularly monitoring of patients throughout childhood and adolescence....

  14. Suplementasi Blok Multinutrisi terhadap Kecernaan Bahan Kering dan Bahan Organik Ransum pada Sapi Bali (Bos sondaicus)

    OpenAIRE

    Nababan, Rimbun H.A.H.

    2011-01-01

    RIMBUN HOT ASI HASOLOAN NABABAN : The Supplementation Nutrition Block in Feed on The Digestibility of Dry Matter and Organic Matter of Bos sondaicus. Under advised by MA’RUF TAFSIN and ROESWANDY. The nutrition supplement is a feed additive which can increase the quality feed of cattle then increase the palatability of feed. The nutrition supplement can manipulate the microorganism in cattle and finally can support the digestibility of cattle. The present experiment was conducted to inv...

  15. INTERPRETASI SEBARAN BATUBARA BERDASARKAN DATA WELL LOGGING DI DAERAH BLOK X PULAU LAUT TENGAH KABUPATEN KOTABARU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julkipli Julkipli

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Research has been done using well logging methods to interpreted coal distribution in the area BlockX Pulau Laut Tengah Kabupaten Kotabaru. Coal identification was changed ofkickongamma ray log chart which run to minimum value with seam A range from to 1,3 16,76 API, seam C range from to 5,02 12,44 APIand seam D range from to 0,56 7,38 API. Long density log which kick on chart run to maximum value with seam A range from to 1,16 1,39 gr/cm3, seam C range from to 1,60 1,74 gr/cm3and seam D range from to 1,82 2,22 gr/cm3. Resistivity log which kick on chart run to maximum value with seam A range from to 1.189,74 2.407,15 Ohm.m, seam C range from to 2.223,80 2.328,84 Ohm.m and seam D range from to 6,06 105,65 Ohm.m. Measurement ofcoal thickness is based on chart of long density and short density logs with seam A 0,16 119,55 m depth and 0,11 0,40 m thickness, seam C 0,20 52,89 m depth and 0,11 0,40 m thickness and seam D 0,21 37,13 m depth and 0,41 0,42 m thickness. Coal distribution has been strike N212°E and dip10°N302° E. Measurement method of coal resource was made two planes with volume measuredcoal resources about 2.273.792,69 tons.

  16. PRAYER IN ALEXANDER BLOK'S LYRIC POETRY ("A GIRL WAS SINGING IN THE CHURCH CHOIR..."

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Aleksandrovna Spiridonova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the genre clash of a prayer and stanzas in Alexander Blok’s poem A girl was singing in the church choir... (1905. Prayer is the main ecclesiastical source, shaping the poem’s lyric model. The genre canon of stanzas with the strophes detached substantially and compositionally, transforms the central musical theme into four scene-developments linked by dissonance. Each of the strophes in A girl was singing in the church choir... has its own semantic point (prayer – singings – illusion – enlightenment and reveals a different content of the event, intensifies and develops the tragic theme of two worlds, intended and unintended substitutions, spiritual quest and time losses. Blok’s stanzas are poetic evidence of a modern man’s exit from a prayerful concentration. The model of “conflicting synthesis” of ecclesiastical and literary genres reflects the religious/mystical opposition in symbolism aesthetics and strengthens the tragic pathos of Blok’s lyric poetry.

  17. Suplementasi Urea Molasis Blok untuk Meningkatkan Penampilan Kambing Peranakan Etawah yang Diberi Pakan Hijauan Gamal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Wayan Siti

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The supplementation of urea molasses block for increasing performance of ettawah crossbred goats fed diet containing gliricidia spium green forage ABSTRACT. The aimed of this experiment to study the supplementation of urea molasses block for performance increased of ettawah crossbred goats fed diet containing Gliricidia spium green forage has been conducted at Tabanan regency and Animal Nutrition Laboratory. The Latin Square Design which four treatments and four replicates was used in this experiment. The four treatments were the levels of urea molasses block : 0, 50, 100 and 150g respectively. The animal access to ad libitum Gliricidia spium green forage and drink water. The animal fed twice a day urea molasses block at the morning and at the afternoon. The variables which were observed including feed consumption, nutrient digestibility, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio. The result of this experiment showed dry matter feed consumption, drink water, nutrient digestibility of the four treatments is not significantly different (P >0.05. The body weight gain at treatment C was significantly higher (P <0.05, but feed conversion ratio (FCR was significantly lower (P <0.05 than treatments A, B and D. From the results in this experiment it can be concluded that the used of urea molasses block 100g on the effect to increased the performance of ettawah crossbred goats with basal diet Gliricidia spium green forage.

  18. ANALISIS PERCOBAAN FAKTORIAL UNTUK MELIHAT PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN ALAT PERAGA BLOK ALJABAR TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR ALJABAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NI PUTU AYU MIRAH MARIATI

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The experimental design was applied in research in many different fields of science, such as in education, as used in this study. Block algebra visual aids is a visual aids in the form of the geometry model used to concretize understanding the variables and constants in the algebra which is an abstract concept. This visual aids are used as a basis for factoring algebraic forms. In connection with this, the aims of this research is to determine the effect of the application of algebra block in student academic achievement in class VII in the field of algebra in schools categorized as private, SSN (Sekolah Standar Nasional and the previously categorized RSBI (Rintisan Sekolah Bertaraf Internasional. The method of analysis used in this study was two-factor experimental design in a randomized block design. The results showed that the academic achievement of students in the field of algebra after learning with block algebra visual aids obtained better than the academic achievement of students who received learning without using block algebra visual aids. Moreover, it also shows that the categories of schools have a significant effect on student achievement.

  19. iiSuplementasi Blok Multinutrisi Dalam Pakan Terhadap Performans Sapi Bali Betina.

    OpenAIRE

    Dehan, M. Rivai

    2012-01-01

    The nutrition of cattle from forage hasn’t enough complete to fullfil the nutrition for cattle. The additional suplement is needed to increase the productivity of cattle. The multi nutrient block is a one thing to solve the productivity of cattle. The objective of experiment was to find out the effect of the multi nutrient block in feed on performance of Bali Cattle. The design used of this research was the randomized block design with three treatments and four groups. The treatment were R0 (...

  20. Neraca Karbon PRA Dan Post Hti Di Blok Khusus Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan Tasik Besar Serkap Riau

    OpenAIRE

    Suharto, Ari; Nurrochmat, Dodik Ridho; June, Tania

    2017-01-01

    Climate change is the current global issue that has been discuss over two decades. In Indonesia context, the total greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from all sectors including land use change forestry, energy, peat fire, waste, agriculture and industry is 1.377.982,95 Gg CO2e. The GHG emission only counted by three main gases such as CO2, CH4 and N2O. Related to mitigation efforts by private company to reduce these emissions. This study more focus on comparation on how much natural forest can ...

  1. Peningkatan Kompetensi Tutor Blok Elektif dalam Pembuatan dan Penilaian Laporan Kasus

    OpenAIRE

    Djannatun, Titiek; Wikaningrum, Riyani; Rita Murnikusumawatie, Rita; Susilawati, R. W.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Elective block of the Faculty of Medicine YARSI University offers five topics. The evaluation results found a variation of tutor competence in writing and grading the case reports. The aims of this study is to improve the tutors’ competence in writing and grading Case Report.Method: Ten Case reports were selected and assessed by the study team. Thirty Tutor participated in the workshop. The tutor competence in the assessment case reports were analysed by pre test and post test com...

  2. The common project for completion of Bubbler Condenser Qualification (Bohunice, Mochovce, Dukovany and Paks NPPs)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaroslav, H.; Pavol, B.

    2003-01-01

    Described is the common project for completion of bubbler condenser qualification for nuclear power plants in Bohunice, Mochovice, Dukovany and Paks. Functionality of the bubbler condenser was elaborated during the simulation of the main steam line brake, medium break and small break LOCA. On this basis the appropriate operation of bubbler condenser containment under accident conditions can be positively confirmed

  3. Cooperation of the Isar 2 nuclear power plant with the Mochovce, Paks and Temelin plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beuerle, H.J.

    1995-01-01

    Through talks with their colleagues and visitors on the site, the participating KKI 2 collaborators got familiar with east european PWR technology. It was possible for them to form their own opinion, to pass on their own impressions with a view also to successfully reduce prejudices and fears relating to nuclear power plants in our neighbourhood which specifically in eastern Bavaria had led to the brink of a real hysteria due to distorting and even incorrect presentations in German and especially in Austrian media. (orig./HP) [de

  4. ANALISA ELECTRODE CONSUMABLE TYPE OK AUTROD 12.10 PENGELASAN SUBMERGED ARC WELDING PADA BLOK-BLOK KAPAL DCV 18500 DWT DI PT. JASA MARINA INDAH UNIT II SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukanto Jatmiko

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In this globalization era technological advances growed very fast. In shipping industry of development process shipbuilding of principal feedstock to used steel plate, with construction tacking on using welder method.In this research purpose of lifted is know number of requirement (consumable electrode for welder SAW at block-block ship DCV 18500 DWT in PT. Jasa Marina Indah Semarang.At this experiment specimen applied is low carbon steel of type ST 42 with thickness of 12, 13, 14, 17, 19 dan 24 mm. Research is done by the way of making specimen at every plate thickness. Then is done path measurement of length, used electrode length, and weight flux applied at the welder.From result of gauging and data calculation welder at block DB 5(p/c/s, SS5A(p/s, SS 5B(p/s, UD 5C, and TB 102 (p/c/s will be known number of electrodes applied in welder SAW and number of flux used.

  5. Blok vzpomínek na Felixe Vodičku doplňujeme přílohou...

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Janáček, Pavel

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 28, č. 4 (2017), s. 197-198 ISSN 0862-6928 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : Vodička, Felix * Králík, Oldřich * Milan Kundera * Czech literary criticism * 1950s * 1960s * 1970s Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision OBOR OECD: Specific literatures

  6. The granolites from Tanquinho blok, Bahia - Example of metamorphic and metassomatic evolution in a magmatic sequence, during the Transamazonic cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mesquita, S.M.O.

    1980-01-01

    Petrographic and geochemical study of the granulitic rocks from Tanquinho block, in NE of Bahia state, Brazil. The petrographic analysis showed four differents groups of granulitic rocks. This work explains, through the minerals coexistence, through the time of its inclusion in the rocks and by the minerals transformation process, the kind of the rocks facies and the transformation process it was subfected. Through the geochemical observation of the different elements, like Na, Al and K conduct, wich showed be the rock from magmatic origin. The elements observation, like Zr, Ti, Nb and Y, permit classify the rock complex in a sublakaline serie, diversified by the fractional crystallization process. The variable elements conduct - K, Na, Rb and Si, showed the important migration which is perfectly concordant with the petrographic observations. (C.D.G.) [pt

  7. ÜST EKSTREMİTE PERİFERİK BLOK ANESTEZİSİ VE KOMPLİKASYONLARI

    OpenAIRE

    Tapar, Hakan; Süren, Mustafa; Kaya, Ziya; Arıcı, Semih; Karaman, Serkan; Kahveci, Mürsel

    2014-01-01

    Successful peripheral blocks and selection of appropriate technique according to surgery is possible with a good knowledge of anatomy. Regional peripheral block anesthesia of upper extremity which applied by single injection to plexus brachialis is the most recommended method of anesthesia in daily surgical procedures. The most important advantages of peripheral nerve blocks which are type of regional anesthesia according to general anesthesia and central blocks are less effect to...

  8. Report of influence on environment 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The joint stock company Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a. s. (JAVYS) has established in the Slovak power engineering industry just recently. According to transaction documents about privatisation of the joint stock company Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (SE), on 6-th July 2005 there was established state-owned organisation GovCo from which VYZ plants and V1 power plant were separated. Since 1-st April 2006, the company GovCo assumed responsibility for JE V1 plant, decommissioning of nuclear facilities in Slovakia, processing, treatment and storage of radioactive waste and care for spent nuclear fuel. Seat of the company changed to operation from Jaslovske Bohunice and, on 7-th August, also the company's name changed to Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s.. Since March 2007, the company's name is Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a. s. Starting position of the company in the Slovak power engineering sector developed from achieved results of long- term operation of plants of the company SE, a. s. - VYZ and EBO V1. Apart from operation of currently only one block of V1 nuclear power plant, the company carries out the first phase of the A1 nuclear power plant decommissioning project, operates radioactive waste processing centre in Bohunice (Bohunicke spracovatelske centrum radioaktivnych odpadov), bitumen and vitrification line of radioactive waste processing and fragmentation plant for metal radioactive waste. Currently, new facility - final processing of liquid radioactive waste in Mochovce is being put into operation. This chain is crowned by safe storage of processed low and medium-active waste in Republic's Repository of Radioactive Waste (Republikove ulozisko RAO) in Mochovce. The company also operates spent nuclear fuel in-process store in Jaslovske Bohunice, which is resistant to seismic activity and compacted. This Report contains the results of monitoring of the environment in JAVYS, a.s. in 2006

  9. Chapter 2. The production units

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In the second chapter of this CD ROM the production units of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.), are presented. It consist of next paragraphs: (1) Nuclear power plants (A-1 Nuclear Power Plant (History, Technological scheme, basic data are presented); V-1, V-2 Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant (History 1972-1985, technological scheme; nuclear safety, radiation protection, heat supply, international co-operation and basic data are presented); Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant (History 1980-1998, technological scheme, construction completion, milestones of commissioning, safety and environmental protection as well as basic data are included). (2) Conventional sources of energy (Vojany fossil power plant (History 1959-1992, Technological units of power plant, Impact of operation on the environment, Plant of Vojany FPP Renewal and Reconstruction, Basic data are listed), Novaky fossil power plant (History 1949-1998, Technological scheme, current investment construction, basic data, Handlova heating plant). Kosice Combined Heat Power Plant (History 1960-1995, technological scheme, State metrology centre, acredited chemical laboratory, basic data). (3) Hydroelectric power plants (Trencin HPPs: Cierny Vah pumped storage HPP, Liptovska Mara HPP, Orava HPP, Sucany HPP, Miksova HPP, Nosice HPP, Velke Kozmalovce HPP, Gabcikovo HPP, Dubnica HPP, Nove Mesto n/V HPP, Madunice HPP, Kralova HPP) and Dobsina HPPs: (Dobsina HPP, Ruzin HPP, Domasa HPP, small HPPs) are presented

  10. VUEZ. Annual report 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2008 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Company profile; (3) Portfolio of products and service 2007; (4) Quality management system; (5) Organisational Structure; (6) Human resources; (7) Financial statements and auditor's report; (8) Basic and contact data; (9) Contact data. The year 2007 was arduous and, with regard to contracts and projects performed and related profits, also successful for VUEZ, a.s. On the domestic market, our principal customers have bee companies such as Slovenske elektrarne - Enel, Bratislava, in its locations of Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce, Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, Jaslovske Bohunice, and Vodohospodarska vystavba, Bratislava. Equally important customers for our company have been operators of foreign nuclear power plants, namely CEZ, a.s. (Czech Republic) and the Paks NPP (Hungary). In the course of 2007, negotiations and offer proceedings were initiated with WWER nuclear power plants in Ukraine and Russia

  11. Licensing of new fuel for Slovak NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Melicharek, M.; Mikulas, B.

    2011-01-01

    With the hope of achieving a six year fuel cycle and to allow for further power uprates a new type of fuel was licensed for NPP Mochovce Unit 1 (EMO1). Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. introduced the idea for the new fuel type to the regulatory authority in the middle of 2010. That's when the first draft of EMO safety report was made. This was the actual start of the licensing process. In case of new fuel regulator has several requirements like extended start up and power test; introducing a fuel behavior monitoring plan; using two independent methods to determine coolant flow though the active zone. In this paper the following issues have been discussed: 1) Engineering and safety reserve factors; 2)Fuel limits; 3) Uncertainties decrease in measurement of coolant flow through the reactor; 4) Determination of heating on fuel assembly; 5) Storage pool issues; 6) Emergency planning; 7) Monitoring of several fuel parameters (K qmax , K rmax , K v .K k and bypass)monitored during campaign

  12. Basic materials and protocols documenting of control system for temperature measurements in the reactor of the Mochovce Unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stanc, S.; Tomik, J.; Hubinsky, B.; Vanco, P.; Repa, M.; Capuska, J.

    1998-06-01

    Analysis of accuracy in measurements by means of standard thermocouples at WWER 440 reactors at the break of seventies and eighties showed that the accuracy of standard measurements of temperatures and temperature differences does not comply fully with increasing requirements on nuclear safety, reliability, and economy of operation of these reactors. At the beginning of eighties, proposal for making the standard temperature measurements in WWER reactors were thus elaborated in the Nuclear Power Plants Research Institute Trnava, Inc. . These proposals were based on the establishment of an accurate system for measurement of reactor coolant temperatures and temperature differences. The accurate measurement system for reactor coolant temperatures and temperature differences started to be used at WWER 440 reactors at the beginning of eighties and has been upgraded gradually. Such systems have been implemented at 10 units with WWER 440 reactors

  13. Struktur dan Komposisi Jenis Tanaman Dalam Sistem Agroforestri Kebun Kemenyan di Kawasan HutanBatangtoru Blok Barat Kecamatan Adiankoting Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara

    OpenAIRE

    Rumahorbo, Cynthya Lestari

    2016-01-01

    Agroforestry is one form of social forestry has long been known and practiced by the community forest area of West Block Batangtoru. Agroforestry systems are applied to each of the different regions. This research aimed to describe agroforestry systems contained Batangtoru forest area of the West Block District of Adiankoting. This research started from April 2015 until December 2015. This research method is interview conducted by questionnaire data against farmers who have agroforestry and u...

  14. Perbandingan antara Kombinasi Bupivakain 0,125% dan Dexmedetomidin 1 µg/Kgbb dengan Bupivakain 0,125% Melalui Blok Kaudal Terhadap Lama Analgesi Pascaoperasi Hipospadia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sardinata

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Caudal blockage is the most frequently used regional anestesia technique in pediatric surgery. Various local anesthetic agents have been frequently used in this technique. Bupivacaine is one of the most used local anesthetics due to its long duration of action. Dexmedetomidin is an α2agonist that is used as adjuvant in lengthening bupivacaine duration when it is administered via caudal blockage. In increasing its effectiveness, the combination of bupivacaine with dexmedetomidin in low concentrationd and low dose can be given. This study was performed to assess the postoperative analgesia duration using caudal blockage between the combined 0.125% bupivacaine-1µg/Kg BW dexmedetomidin and 0.125% bupivacaine solely in pediatric patients having hypospadic surgery. The study was applied to 30 pediatric patients with ASA I and II physical status, and aged 1-6 years that received hypospadic surgery with general anesthesia, to whom caudal blockage applied postoperatively. The patients were divided into two groups. One group (BD group was treated using the combined 0.125% bupivacaine-1 µg/Kg BW dexmedetomidin (0.5 cc/kg BW, the other group (B group was treated with 0.125% bupivacaine (0.5 cc/kb BW as control group. Postoperative analgesia duration was recorded. The data of the study results were assessed using Mann-Whitney test. Postoperative analgesia duration of BD group (863.0 [36.34] minutes was very significantly (p<0.001 longer than that in B group (378.08 [37.87] minutes. The conclusion of this study indicated that the use of combined 0.125% bupivacaine-1 µg/Kg BW dexmedetomidin for caudal blockage as analgetic agent after hypospadic surgery resulted longer analgesia duration than that of 0.125% bupivacaine solely

  15. PENERAPAN TEKNOLOGI PAKAN SUPLEMEN UREA KAPUR CASSAVA BLOK (UKCB UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKSI TERNAK SAPI PADA KELOMPOK TANI TERNAK TRI BUANA KARANGASEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I GUSTI LANANG OKA CAKRA, dkk.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The community service was conducted in the cattle farmers groups “Tribuana” in Tri Eka Buana Village, Sidemen Distrik, Karangasem Regency and was aimed to improve the farmers knowlege especially the members of famers groups about the aplication of feed suplement Urea Lime Cassava Block (ULCB. The service was conducted on Saturdy on 7nd September 2013 at Tribuana Groups of farmers at banjar Pungutan, Tri Eka Buana village, and attended by 22 from 30 total members of farmers groups (73%. The methode used were direct instruction and discussion to the farmers. More than 90% members of farmers group not yet give feedsuplement, only 5% members of farmers group was given feed suplement like rice brand and water washing rice before being cooked. The result of the service showed that the farmenrs’ awareness and knowlege improve to give feed suplement such as Urea Lime Cassava Block, therefore the dry matter consumption will al so improve. The nutrient requirement could fulfill and will impact to the improvement of cattle growth and production.Key words: feed suplement, cattle

  16. What Enel and Rusko will not find in the privatization documents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2004-01-01

    The lawyers of Enel will be spending the pre-Christmas period studying the transaction documents relating to the privatization of a 66% stake in Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric). At the beginning of the year, the Italian company Enel is set to sign the document that Cabinet approved in December 2004. Neither the draft privatization documents, nor the version approved by Parliament are publicly available. The Ministry promised to publish them after Enel signed the contracts. But Cabinet-level discussions prior to the approval of the documents uncovered problematic parts of the agreements related to the relationship between Enel, Slovak Electric and the state. Lawyers are examining the changes that were implemented based on recommendations of Cabinet members during the period after the postponement of the signing of the contract. Minister Pavol Rusko does not expect that Enel will reject the approved conditions, as that would mean the end of negotiations. But despite this, TREND asked whether he had an alternative plan prepared for such an eventuality. The Minister repeated that he had no doubt that the sale would be completed successfully and as of June Enel would become the new majority shareholder of Slovak Electric. He believes the 'the contract, which was very thoroughly prepared, will be very acceptable for both the selling and purchasing parties'. However, both the lawyers of Enel and the Minister should be aware of new facts they cannot be found in the privatisation documentation. And this is good news for both parties. This week Slovak Electric completed the process of financial restructuring and fulfilled the 'stabilization scenario'. Debt repayment has been postponed, debts will be repayable under standard conditions and will reflect the current capacity of the loan market. State guarantees have been decreased to a minimum and Slovak Electric will be able to request a new rating. More good news, mainly for P. Rusko, although he has not spoken

  17. VUEZ. Annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2003 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Mission and vision; (3) Basic data; (4) Product portfolio and customer services; (5) VUEZ - Quality mark; (6) Economic data; (7) Auditor's certificate; (8) Contact persons and addresses. In 2003, a number of important events took place in VUEZ. From the standpoint of international activities, a significant event was VUEZ involvement in the process or the preparation for the V-1 NPP decommissioning. VUEZ company became a subcontractor to the Consultant to the Project Management Unit who is an international Consortium consisting of Iberdrola Ingenieria Y Consultoria S.A., Electricite de France, Empresarios Agrupados Intemacional S.A. and Soluziona Ingenierfa S.A. In the field of experimental research, activities within the research and development project with IRSN Paris were successfully continuing. As to increasing the leak-tightness of NPP hermetic compartments, relevant works were executed at the Dukovany and Paks NPPs. For a business partner from Hungary, a project was initiated related to the manufacture and delivery of air locks. Predominant VUEZ capacities concentrated on Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) a.s. Company in the Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce sites. In addition to major sealing works and periodical integrated leakage rate tests at individual reactor units, VUEZ participated also in the upgrading of the V-2 NPP. Design work was implemented through ADVING, a daughter company of VUEZ; erection and installation works within the project were performed by relevant VUEZ departments during refuelling outages at the V-2 NPP

  18. Socialistický blok na železničních kolejích. Československé železnice mezi západní Evropou a Sovětským svazem

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Janáč, Jiří

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 39, č. 1 (2017), s. 20-22 ISSN 0418-5129 Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : railways * Eastern Europe * integration Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings)

  19. Perbandingan Penambahan PePerbandingan Penambahan Petidin 0,25 mg/kgBB dengan Klonidin 1 µg/kgBB pada Bupivakain 0,25% untuk Blok Infraorbital pada Labioplasti Anak terhadap Lama Analgesia Pascaoperasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Ramadani

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Post operative pain for labioplasty can be prevented by bilateral infraorbital block. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness addition of pethidine 0.25 mg/kgBW and clonidine 1 µg/kgBW to bupivacaine 0.25% for postoperative analgesia using infraorbital block in paediatric labioplasty with a pain scale score face, leg, activity, cry, consolability (FLACC. The study was a single-blind randomized controlled trial from March to September 2013 involving 30 pediatric patients, physical status American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA II, ages 3 months–1 year for labioplasty surgery with bilateral infraorbital block at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung. Subjects were grouped into two groups: 15 subjects using adjuvant pethidine 0.25 mg/kgBW (BP and 15 subjects using adjuvant clonidine 1 ug/kgBW (BK. After induction of anesthesia, infraorbital block done 1 mL on each side of the face. Data were analyzed by t test, showed a highly significant difference (p<0.01 in BP group compared with BK, the average length of postoperative analgesia 1.828 minutes (30 hours vs 1072 minutes (18 hours. The conclusions is the addition of pethidine 0.25 mg/kgBW in bupivacaine 0.25% to infraorbital block in paediatric labioplasty provide postoperative analgesia longer than of clonidine 1 µg/kgBW.

  20. UJI EFEKTIVITAS DAN TINGKAT PENERIMAAN MASYARAKAT TERHADAP SERBUK LADA (PIPER NIGRUM L. UNTUK MENURUNKAN KEPADATAN LARVA ANOPHELES SPP. (STUDI KASUS DI BLOK KARANGTIRTA, DUSUN CIPARI, DESA SUKARESIK, KECAMATAN SIDAMULIH, KABUPATEN CIAMIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauziani Octoriani S.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstracts. Pepper fruit (Piper nigrum L. is one of several pesticides from plant that can be used as insecticide. The purpose of this study was to identify the effectiveness and public acceptance of pepper fruit powder (Piper nigrum L. on reducing Anopheles spp. larvae density. The experiment was a quasi-experimental study which includes a pre-post test design with both treatment group and a control group. Pepper powder with a dose of 0.75 g in one litre of water kills 59.91% larvae in average through 24 hours treatment. Wilcoxon test results obtained from the pepper powder treatment was proved effective in decreasing the density of Anopheles spp. larvae since there was significant difference between before and after treatment. The result of public acceptance for pepper powder out of 20 respondents are 75% respondents accepted it well, 15% respondents accepted it fairly well, and 10% respondents accepted it poorly. These results showed pepper fruit powder potency as a good and accepted larvacide. Key Words: Anopheles spp., pepper powder (Piper nigrum L., larvicide Abstrak. Buah lada (Piper nigrum L. merupakan satu pestisida tumbuhan yang bisa digunakan sebagai insektisida. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menguji efektivitas serbuk lada dan mengetahui penerimaan masyarakat terhadap serbuk lada (Piper nigrum L. untuk menurunkan kepadatan larva nyamuk Anopheles spp. Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan adalah kuasi-eksperimen dengan pre and post test with control design. Hasil pengujian serbuk lada dengan dosis 0,75 g/lt air dapat membunuh larva rata-rata sebesar 59,91% selama 24 jam perlakuan. Dari hasil uji Wilcoxon didapat bahwa serbuk lada ini efektif dalam menurunkan kepadatan larva Anopheles spp. karena terdapat perbedaan yang nyata antara sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan. Berdasarkan analisis statistik uji khi-kuadrat pada tingkat penerimaan masyarakat terhadap serbuk lada ini, tidak semua masyarakat menerima (H0 ditolak, p-value < 0,05. Dari 20 responden, terdapat 15 responden (75% menerima baik terhadap serbuk lada ini, 3 responden (15% menerima dengan kriteria cukup baik, dan 2 responden (10% menerima dengan kriteria tidak baik. Hasil ini menunjukkan potensi serbuk lada sebagai larvasida yang baik dan diterima masyarakat. Kata Kunci: Anopheles spp., serbuk lada (Piper nigrum L., larvasida

  1. Možnosti neinvazivních průzkumů stavební konstrukce z pískovcových bloků na Karlově mostě

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Havlín, J.; Slavíková, M.; Bayer, K.; Válek, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 23, 9/10 (2014), s. 151-160 ISSN 1805-2576 R&D Projects: GA MK(CZ) DF11P01OVV027 Keywords : sandstone masonry * non-invasive survey * diagnostic methods Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage http://www.civilengineeringjournal.cz/archive/issues/2014/so_9-10/so_05_14_havlin.pdf

  2. The Inspector General's report on Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    abroad; 20.1 - Japan: Kashiwasaki-Kariwa and Hamaoka power plants, the JSW casting and forging facilities at Muroran; 20.2 - Slovakia: Slovenske Elektrarne, Bohunice and Mochovce nuclear power plants; 20.3 - The USA: Constellation Energy, Calvert Cliffs nuclear power plant and Unistar Nuclear Energy; 21 - Appendices

  3. Statement of participants at the International Conference on Can Slovakia secure energy supply and sustainable development without nuclear?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mikus, T.; Suchomel, J.

    2004-01-01

    The participants at the Conference called on decision makers both in the European Union (EU) and in Slovakia to provide fair treatment to nuclear power compared with other energy sources, especially with renewable, without prejudice to nuclear safety. This implies ensuring equality in terms of economics, tax, and accounting for externalities. The participants called on the Slovak government to initiate studies that compare the full life-cycle costs, impacts and risks, across the spectrum of energy sources and uses. They should also internalize the external costs. The participants called for a debate on the Slovak energy needs, taking into account the environmental impact of all potential sources of energy and the costs of providing electricity from those sources, and in addition a rational and objective analysis of the security of supply of those sources. It is necessary to have a range of sources for electricity generation that are cost effective and reliable, and respect the environment. The Slovak economy cannot withstand a sudden loss of its guaranteed energy supply. The participants believe that the major government role is setting overall policy for the economy, energy and the environment, with an adequate base in legislation and institutional competence. The Slovak government should have clear strategies for achieving self-sufficient energy-policy goals with reserve power and for meeting climate-change and air-quality goals. The Conference concluded that the nuclear option should remain open in Slovakia, as part of a balanced energy mix, in line with developments abroad and the EU Green Paper from 2000; the alternative is Slovak's failure to secure an affordable energy supply for its citizens. The participants supported the completion of Mochovce 3, 4, complying with enhanced safety requirements, as the most effective option. In Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) privatization, the government should insist on as large an involvement of Slovak firms in the

  4. Hydroelectric power plants may influence profit of company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regula, E.

    2006-01-01

    In this interview with divisional manager of the Division of control of operation of hydroelectric power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. Mr. Milan Chudy is published. The effectiveness and its optimisation in hydroelectric power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. are discussed

  5. Correlations between radiographic assessments and MRI features of knee osteoarthritis--a cross-sectional study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbergsen, H; Lohmander, L S; Jones, G

    2013-01-01

    . RESULTS: The average patient was 63 years of age, female and had a BMI of 37. KL gradings correlated to cartilage damage, bone marrow lesions and meniscus pathology (r=0.15-0.76) and similar results were found for the relationship between BLOKS and mJSW. BLOKS assessed knee joint pathology co...

  6. Radwaste treatment and disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ehn, L.; Breza, M.; Pekar, A.

    2000-01-01

    In this lecture is given the basic information, that is concerning on the RAW treatment and long term disposal of the treated RAW in repository at Mochovce. Then here is given the basic technical and technological information, that is concerning bituminization, plant, the vitrification unit, center for the RAW-treatment (BSC) and repository at Mochovce. (authors)

  7. Impact of the structural changes on the nuclear safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ziakova, M.

    2005-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with impact of the structural changes (privatization of the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s.) and new Atomic law (541/2004 Coll. Laws) on the nuclear safety in the Slovak Republic.

  8. Prospects of renewable energy sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pargac, K.

    2010-01-01

    Slovenske elektrarne has been dealing with exploitation of hydropower potential during long-term period and conceptually. In this paper parameters of construction of new planned small-scale hydroelectric power plants on the Vah River (Slovakia) are presented.

  9. Environment report 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    A brief account of activities in environment protection carried out by the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. in 1999 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Address; (2) Electricity generation and consumption in the Slovak Republic; (3) Air protection; (4) Water management; (5) Waste management; (6) Environmental management system at Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s.; (7) Environmental protection funds; (8) Structure of SE, a.s., power installations

  10. PENGEMBANGAN METODE BLOCK MATCHING UNTUK DETEKSI COPY-MOVE PADA PEMALSUAN CITRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arya Yudhi Wijaya

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Pemalsuan citra dengan maksud menutupi sebagian objek pada citra dengan blok lain pada citra yang sama disebut dengan copy-move. Deteksi copy-move pada citra dapat dilakukan pada domain spasial melalui pengolahan pada tiap pikselnya maupun pada domain frekeunsi melalui beberapa fungsi transformasi. Penelitian ini mengusulkan deteksi copy-move pada domain spasial dengan mengembangkan metode block macthing. Metode yang diusulkan terbagi atas dua pendekatan yaitu excact match dan robust match. Pendekatan excact match dimulai dengan: input citra RGB, pengambi-lan blok, penghitungan nilai hash tiap blok, pencarian blok yang mirip dan diakhiri dengan dengan operasi morfologi untuk penghalusan hasil deteksi. Sedangkan pendekatan robust match mirip dengan exact match namun nilai hash diganti dengan Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT. Hasil uji coba menujukkan bahwa pendekatan robust match mendapatkan hasil sedikit lebih baik dibandingkan dengan excact match dimana nilai rata-rata kualitas deteksi 75% dengan kualitas deteksi terbaik sebesar 97%.

  11. Irradiation embrittlement monitoring of WWER-440/213 type RPV's

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kupca, L.

    1997-01-01

    The brief results from the surveillance specimen program's application on the RPV's WWER-440/213 in Jaslovske Bohunice V-2 and Mochovce NPP's was finished the standard surveillance specimen program (SSSP). On the base of SSSP critical analysis was prepared so called 'Extended Surveillance Specimen Program' (ESSP). For the first two units of the Mochovce NPP is prepared completely new program of irradiation embrittlement monitoring called 'Modern Surveillance Specimen Program' (MSSP), This program will serve for Mochovce NPP during all planned service life. The first results of ESSP from the 3-rd and 4-th units in Jaslovske Bohunice V-2 NPP are presented too. (author)

  12. Některé poznatky vyplývající z matematického modelování napěťových poměrů pro projektování porubních bloků

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Konečný, Petr; Ptáček, Jiří

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 15, č. 6 (2008), s. 29-33 ISSN 1210-7697 R&D Projects: GA ČBÚ AACBU44-06 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30860518 Keywords : induced stress * mathematical modelling Subject RIV: DH - Mining, incl. Coal Mining www.zsdnp.cz

  13. Orthogonálně chráněný nitrotyrosin jako vhodný stavební blok pro in vitro syntézu proteinů vznikajících oxidativním stresem

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brichtová, Eva; Niederhafner, Petr; Šafařík, Martin; Šebestík, Jaroslav

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 14, č. 2 (2016), s. 56 ISSN 2336-7202. [Mezioborové setkání mladých biologů, biochemiků a chemiků /16./. 10.05.2016-13.05.2016, Milovy] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-00431S Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : nitrotyrosine * peptide synthesis * reaction rate Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry

  14. Praktické ověřování modelového řešení hydrodynamických a migračních parametrů granitových bloků

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Polák, M.; Sosna, K.; Vaněček, M.; Michálková, J.; Hanus, R.; Rousová, P.; Navrátil, Tomáš; Záruba, J.; Křížová, H.; Milický, M.; Navrátilová, V.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 12, č. 1 (2007), s. 232-236 ISSN 1335-1788 R&D Projects: GA MPO 1H-PK/31 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30130516 Keywords : hydrogeological parameters * hydrogeochemical code * granitic rock Subject RIV: DD - Geochemistry http://actamont.tuke.sk/pdf/2007/s1/34polak.pdf

  15. SE-VYZ - Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations, Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2004-01-01

    In this presentations processes of radioactive waste treatment in the Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Center (SE-VYZ), Jaslovske Bohunice are presented. Decommissioning of the A-1 NPP is also presented. Disposal of conditioned radioactive waste in fibre concrete containers (FCC) are transported to Mochovce from Jaslovske Bohunice by the transport truck where are reposited in the National radioactive waste repository Mochovce. The Interim spent fuel storage facility (ISFSF) is included into this presentation

  16. VUJE capabilities for participation in the development of Slovak power sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liska, P.

    2004-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with VUJE Trnava, Inc. capabilities for participation in the development of Slovak power sector. It is concluded that VUJE supports the completion of Mochovce units 3 and 4 as the most effective option; VUJE calls of the Slovak government to revive negotiations on a revision of a commitment to close V1 units Bohunice NPP in 2006 or 2008 respectively; VUJE is prepared to be an important participant in supply system for Mochovce NPP Units 3 and 4

  17. Irradiation temperature measurement of the reactor pressure vessel surveillance specimen in the programmes of radiation degradation monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kupca, L.; Stanc, S.; Simor, S.

    2001-01-01

    The information's about the special system of irradiation temperature measurement, used for reactor pressure vessel surveillance specimen, which are placed in reactor thermal shielding canals are presented in the paper. The system was designed and realized in the frame of Extended Surveillance Specimen Programme for NPP V-2 Jaslovske Bohunice and Modern Surveillance Specimen Programme for NPP Mochovce. Base design aspects, technical parameters of realization and results of measurement on the two units in Bohunice and Mochovce NPPs are presented too. (Authors)

  18. Izravnava proizvodnje iz obnovljivih virov energije s črpalnimi hidroelektrarnami

    OpenAIRE

    PUŠNIK, URH

    2016-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi je opisana problematika odstopanja moči vetrnih ter sončnih elektrarn od moči bremena. Za rešitev problema se v nalogi uporablja hranilnik električne energije. Izmed različnih tipov hranilnikov je uporabljena črpalna hidroelektrarna. V diplomski nalogi je predstavljen princip uporabe ČHE danes ter kakšen pomen bodo ti hranilniki energije imeli v prihodnosti. Izračunali smo, koliko vetrnih ter sončnih elektrarn bi potrebovali za oskrbo elektroenergetskega sistema osrednje N...

  19. Sensitization and Serological Biomarkers in Knee Osteoarthritis Patients With Different Degrees of Synovitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rud-Petersen, Kristian; Siebuhr, Anne Sofie; Nielsen, Thomas Graven

    2016-01-01

    was scored on a visual analog scale (VAS). The pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) were assessed over the KOA-affected knee. Serological biomarkers were measured in fasting serum: high-sensitive C-reactive protein, matrix metalloproteinase-mediated degradation of CRP, and matrix metalloproteinase-mediated.......03), and reduced PPTs (Pmoderate to severe (BLOKS 2&3) synovitis had significantly lower PPTs compared with mild synovitis (BLOKS 1). Significantly negative correlations were found between VAS and PPTs. No correlations were found between BLOKS and the VAS, PPT, or biomarkers....... DISCUSSION: Patients without and with moderate to severe synovitis demonstrated local pressure hyperalgesia and increased degrees of: (1) systemic inflammation, (2) connective tissue degradation, (3) cartilage degradation, and (4) decreased synovial membrane degradation as compared with controls....

  20. Dugaan Cadangan Karbon Biomassa Tumbuhan Bawah dan Serasah di Kawasan Suksesi Alami Pada Area Pengendapan Tailing Pt Freeport Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Windusari, Yuanita; Sari, Nur AP; Yustian, Indra; Zulkifli, Hilda

    2013-01-01

    Kawasan suksesi alami pada area pengendapan tailing Tanggul Ganda berpotensi besarsebagai sumber cadangan karbon. Estimasi stok karbon biomassa vegetasi hutan suksesi alami TanggulGanda telah dilakukan selama Pebruari-Mei 2010.Sampel tumbuhan bawah dan serasah diambil dari 7blok yang masing-masing terdiri atas 6 sub plot. Hasil analisis memperlihatkan bahwa stok karbon dikawasan suksesi alami blok B4BL dan B5BL adalah 38,84 ton/ha berasal dari 23,87 ton/ha tumbuhanbawah dan 5,9 ton/ha serasah...

  1. Recent and Future of R and D Activities in SE, a.s

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hanzel, A.

    2010-01-01

    In this lecture Mr Hanzel presents recent and future of research and development (R and D) activities in Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. (SE, a.s.). Financing of R and D activities in SE, a.s. and CEZ, a.s. are compared with with programmes supported by U.S. Department of Energy.

  2. Nuclear and radiation safety policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mikus, T; Strycek, E.

    1998-01-01

    Slovenske elektrarne (SE) is a producer of electricity and heat, including from nuclear fuel source. The board of SE is ultimately responsible for nuclear and radiation safety matters. In this leaflet main principles of maintaining nuclear and radiation safety of the Company SE are explained

  3. Records on the water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regula, E.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper the electric power generation in hydro-power plants in the Slovak Republic during 2002 is reviewed. Year 2002 was rich on precipitation and the Hydro Power Plants (plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.) has reached record in generation of electric power when altogether the Water Power Plants produced 5,168.5 GWh. (author)

  4. Safety of nuclear installations in Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In this part next aspects are described: (1) Site selection (Legislation related to site selection; Meeting criteria at Bohunice and Mochovce sites; International agreements); (2) Design preparation and construction (Designing and construction-relevant legislation; Nuclear installation project preparation of nuclear installation at Mochovce site); (3) Operation (Operator licensing procedure; Operation limits and conditions; Maintenance testing and control documentation for management and operation; Technical support of operation; Analysis of events at nuclear installations and Radioactive waste production); (4) Planned safety upgrading activities at nuclear installations

  5. Electricity producer SE decided to solve crisis through offensive

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    Instalment payments in this and the coming two years amount to 32 billion Sk (762.8 mn Euro) - that is about 60 percent of the overall credit burden of the electricity producer Slovenske elektrarne (SE). And so the situation from three years ago is repeating itself - a new financial department of the company is expected to lead the company out of the substantial cash-flow crisis caused by credit burden. This difficulties have been caused by decisions taken by state like building of power plant in Mochovce. Minister Nemcsics will not be in the position to complete his ambition to direct the activities of SE, his successor will need time to find his way and so the solution stays in hands of the company management. Where will they look for the necessary recourses? The operation generates virtually no cash-flow increase - reminds General Manager for Economy and Finances, Milos Sujansky. What the manager considers a possible solution is loan restructuring. 'We have to review the whole loan portfolio in order to eliminate the pressure caused by the necessity to repay the debts in 2004 and the beginning of 2005 and that would allow as to survive in a relatively normal state,' unveils the company plans M. Sujansky. That would mean postponing the instalment payments until 2007. Before this strategy was prepared the existing debts had to be analysed. The results of this analysis showed 'an inconsistent debt portfolio with many non-standard elements anchored in relevant contracts'. In the opinion of Director for External Financing this fact makes the loan management and decision making in regards to assets/liabilities structure difficult. 'When you have 35 different loans and every contract is different - communication and monitoring costs much effort,' he adds. According to an Auditors Report for 2002 prepared according to ISA standards even the share of third-party capital is high and inhomogeneous. The previous financial management managed to minimize the deficit. The fact

  6. version 10

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    lviljoen

    Keywords: therapeutic budget model; Cost Prevalence Index (CPI); medicine usage patterns; average medicine cost; public ... was om die perspektiewe op die koste en gebruik van medisyne te ontleed, om 'n model gebaseer op terapeutiese klassifikasie vir 'n ... based upon the historical allocations (Blok et al. 2001:32).

  7. Grote botsingen: Wetenschap versus Godsdienst: Grote Conflicten van Copernicus tot Dawkins. College 1. De Copernicaanse Revolutie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Philipse, H.

    2007-01-01

    Blok I. De wetenschapshistorische achtergrond a. Georg Joachim Rheticus (1514-1574) en Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543) in Frauenburg (Frombork, in Varmia, Polen) van mei 1539 tot september 1541. Rheticus’ Narratio Prima de libris revolutionum... Nicolai Copernici (1540) en Copernicus’ Commentariolus

  8. Mitigation Theme Report: Energy Efficiency : Contribution to the MCA4climate initiative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Visser, Erika; Blok, K.

    2011-01-01

    Striving for energy efficiency means trying to obtain a certain result with a minimum of input (Schipper and Meyers, 1992; Blok, 2007). As energy is used to fulfil human needs, one may define the energy efficiency of an activity as the degree to which given human needs can be fulfilled with a

  9. UV-straling in de kas: mogelijkheden en grenzen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoffmann, S.

    2000-01-01

    Effect van UV-straling op kleuring van Coleus Blumei 'Wizzard Velvit Red'. Gegevens in bijgaande tabellen: 1) Indeling optische straling; 2) Transmisse voor UV-straling van verschillende dekmaterialen (folie UV, glas UV, glas normaal, folie normaal, folie UV-blok

  10. n Vergelyking tussen mieliekuilvoer stoekmielies en ryp mielie plante

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mieliekuilvoer, stoekmielies en ryp mielieplante afkomstig van 'n eenvormige blok mielies is met behulp van'n opbrengs-, metabol isme- en produksiestudiem et mekaar vergelyk. Droemater iaalver l iesien die kui lvoer tor ing was 8,$% in vergelykingm et 13,33 en 34,90%. onderskeidelik, vir stoekmielies en ryp mielieplante ...

  11. Giant Low Surface Brightness Galaxies: Evolution in Isolation M. Das

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    are much lower than that of normal late type spirals (de Blok et al. 1996). The thinness of the HI distribution has ... 2000) but this is not suprising considering their low star forma- tion rates and low metallicities (Schombert ... normal galaxies in surface brightness and structure (Barth 2007). Galex UV obser- vations of the disks ...

  12. Social Democratic parties as buffers against the extreme right : the case of Belgium

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coffé, Hilde

    2008-01-01

    While the Vlaams Blok (currently Vlaams Belang) became one of the most successful and electorally durable extreme-right parties in Europe in the 1990s, the francophone Front National has yet to achieve a stable basis of support. We argue that an important reason for this divergence has been the

  13. Fertile grounds for extreme right-wing parties : Explaining the Vlaams Blok’s electoral success

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coffé, Hilde; Heyndels, Bruno; Vermeir, Jan

    2007-01-01

    The Vlaams Blok is one of the most successful extreme right-wing parties in Europe. We empirically identify contextual determinants that contribute to its political success in the municipal elections of October 8th, 2000 in Flanders. The use of the Tobit II estimator allows disentangling the party’s

  14. Nanoscale Polymeric Amphiphiles by Combination of Controlled Polymerizations and "Click" Reactions: Implications for Drug Delivery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Javakhishvili, Irakli

    i polyestere med snævre molekylvægts fordelinger og forud bestemt kemisk funktionalitet, der muliggør en række forskellige efterfølgende syntesetrin. Kontrolleret atom transfer radikal polymerisation (ATRP) er derefter anvendt til fremstilling af nye blok copolymere, der udnyttes til stabilisering...

  15. Case law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-01-01

    This section treats of the two following case laws: Slovak Republic: Further developments in cases related to the challenge by Greenpeace Slovakia to the Mochovce nuclear power plant; United States: Judgment of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission denying requests from petitioners to suspend final reactor licensing decisions pending the issuance of a final determination of reasonable assurance of permanent disposal of spent fuel

  16. Prevention of uncontrolled boron dilution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sere, J. L.

    1997-01-01

    The paper presents a synthesis of the global analysis of uncontrolled boron dilution risk performed by (European Consortium Mochovce (EUCOM) in the frame of Safety Measures RC 01 and AA 11. Recommendation for additional improvements (mainly I and C interlocks or inhibition) are presented. (author)

  17. Proceedings of the 1st French-Czechoslovak conference on energy utilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kucerova, H.

    1992-01-01

    The proceedings contain 30 contributions, 2 of which have been inputted in INIS; these deal with nuclear power in Czechoslovakia (particularly in Slovakia), safety problems of WWER type reactors, and problems associated with the lack of funds to complete the construction of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. (M.D.)

  18. Can Slovakia secure reliable electricity supply without nuclear?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pnacek, I.

    2004-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with structure of electricity production in the Slovak republic in 2006 and perspectives of electricity supply up to 2020 year. Decommissioning of Unit 1 and Unit 2 of the Bohunice NPP and completion of Unit 3 and 4 of the Mochovce NPP are discussed

  19. Determination of 137Cs transfer coefficients in soil-plant system at nuclear power plant sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Szabova, T.; Wirdzek, S.

    1985-01-01

    In the surroundings of the Mochovce and Dukovany nuclear power plants samples were taken of soils and some plants, namely wheat, barley, clover and lucerne, which were treated and then measured with a Ge(Li) detector. The found transfer coefficients and discrimination factors for 137 Cs are tabulated for both localities. (E.S.)

  20. Determination of strontium transfer coefficients in soil-plant system at nuclear power plant sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Szabova, T.; Bartha, S.; Mitro, A.; Sipko, J.

    1985-01-01

    In the surroundings of the Mochovce and Dukovany nuclear power plants samples were taken of soils and some plants, namely wheat, barley, clover and lucerne. Strontium was determined by flame emission spectrometry. The found strontium transfer coefficients and discrimination factors in the soil-plant system are tabulated for both localities. (E.S.)

  1. Training of personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    Selected staffs (in the area of NPPs) are examined by the State Examining Committee established by Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR's) chairman. The committee consists of representatives of NRA SR , Bohunice NPPs, Mochovce NPP, Research Institute of Nuclear Energy and experts from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology of the Slovak Technical University. The review of selected personnel of NPP V-1, V-2 and Mochovce NPP which passed exams in 1996 is given. NRA SR paid attention to the upgrading training process of individual categories of staff for V-1, V-2 and Mochovce NPPs, simulator training and training with computerized simulation system according to the United criteria of nuclear installation personnel training that started in 1992. During the year, an inspection was performed focused on examination of technical equipment of the simulator of Mochovce NPP, professional eligibility and overall preparation of simulator training including simulator software. Throughout the year launching works continued at the simulator with the deadline of commissioning to trial use operation in the first half of 1997

  2. We won a National award

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meciarova, A.; Cicova, V.

    2011-01-01

    On the occasion of the 43 rd conference for water management in the industry results of the 3 rd competition were announced for the National Business Award for Environment in the Slovak Republic 2011 organized by the Association of Industrial Ecology in Slovakia (ASPEK). The first prize in the category 'product; went to the hands of Slovenske elektrarne representatives for providing the energy self-sufficiency of Tery Chalet, High Tatras, all year round with installing photovoltaic system. 'We have a complex programme of five energies through which we support culture, sports, humanity, education and environmental protection. Hence we try to support constant sustainability of biodiversity,' underlined Alena Meciarova, Manager of Environment at Slovenske elektrarne. (author)

  3. Power plants Novaky wishes a new block

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.; Beer, G.

    2004-01-01

    In 2007 two undesulphurized blocks - the 3 rd and 4 th of Novaky Power plant (ENO) in Zemianske Kostolany can no longer burn a domestic brown coal. It means the stopping of around a half of production of the biggest Slovak miner - Hornonitrianske bane Prievidza, a.s. (HBP). HBP together with Swiss partner Advanced Power began the project of their own power plant several years ago. This project is halted because of high capital expenses, but the mining engineers see also the other way - project of construction of new source with capacity 125 MW instead of ENO 3 and 4 in patronage of Slovenske elektrarne (SE). However Slovenske elektrarne is in process of privatisation and there is a question how will the investor accede to several millions Slovak crowns project. This issue deals with project of new power plant and with related possibilities of the next mining of brown coal in the region of Horna Nitra

  4. Unmanned operation of Hydro Power Plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regula, E.

    2008-01-01

    Intentions to launch unmanned operation are no news, the very first occurred in Hydro Power Plants (HPP) at the time when the first computer technology was implemented into process of power generation, i.e. no later than in 1960 s . ENEL entering Slovenske elektrarne not only revived but significantly accelerated the implementation process of unmanned operation. Experience of ENEL says that unmanned operation means better reliability of the HPP and this is the priority. (author)

  5. Renovation of levelling network for monitoring the movements on the HE Mariborski otok

    OpenAIRE

    Horvat, Jurček

    2012-01-01

    The company DEM (Dravske elektrarne Maribor) consists of eight hydroelectric power plants on the river Drava. Hydroelectric power plant Mariborski otok is the lowest lying hydroelectric power plant, which still stands near Maribor in the river bed and exploits the energy potential of Drava. Hydroelectric power plant Mariborski otok belongs to a group of high hecks, which need to be yearly technical observed from the user or a caretaker. One of the contents of technical observing is also the m...

  6. Chapter 3. The economical power of the company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In the third chapter of this CD ROM the economic power of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.), is presented. It consist of next paragraphs (1) Property of Slovak Electric, Plc, the company; (2) Position of the Company; (3) Business performance of the Company (Economic results, Installed capacity, Generation of electricity and heat; Electricity trade, Distribution of electricity and heat trade are reviewed); (4) Shareholdings in other companies and international co-operation

  7. Analisis dan Rencana Pengembangan Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih Unit Cabang Timur PDAM Kabupaten Klaten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Tri Lestari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Unit Cabang Timur Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum (PDAM Kabupaten Klaten dibagi menjadi 3 unit pelayanan Ibu Kota Kecamatan (IKK dan mempunyai tingkat pelayanan yang masih rendah pada tahun 2015, yaitu Unit IKK Ceper 17,6%; Unit IKK Pedan 2,43%; dan Unit IKK Cawas 31,26% sehingga peningkatan persen pelayanan menjadi hal yang perlu dilakukan. Hal ini didukung dengan adanya penambahan debit produksi sebesar 50 liter/detik. Selain itu, jaringan distibusi belum dibentuk blok pelayanan sehingga sulit untuk mengontrol kehilangan air. Perencanaan ini dilakukan pembagian blok pelayanan menjadi 26 blok dan 5 tapping. Setelah itu dilakukan analisis kondisi eksiting. Hasil analisis kondisi eksisting menunjukkan kondisi hidrolika perpipaan kecuali kecepatan masih memenuhi kriteria, yaitu tekanan antara (15,43-59,99 m, kecepatan (0-0,91 m/detik, unit headloss (0-3,51 m/km. Kemudian dilakukan pengembangan jaringan yang dibagi menjadi 2 tahap, dimana tahap 1 meningkatkan persen pelayanan, sedangkan tahap 2 menambah daerah pelayanan baru. Blok pelayanan setelah pengembangan menjadi 29 blok dan 5 titik tapping. Kemudian analisis rencana pengembangan dilakukan dan menunjukkan bahwa kondisi hidrolika pipa untuk tekanan di jaringan distribusi IKK Cawas bernilai negatif. Hal ini dikarenakan unit headloss yang terjadi pada pipa dari reservoir menuju titik tapping pertama IKK Cawas sebesar 5,78 m/km dengan panjang pipa 14,35 km sehingga headloss  sebesar 82,94 m menyebabkan tekanan menjadi -2,89 m. Permasalahan ini dapat diatasi dengan parallel pipa diameter 200 mm sepanjang 9 km. Parallel pipa tersebut mengakibatkan tekanan  pada titik tapping pertama IKK Cawas menjadi 34,65 m dan titik tapping terjauh (blok 19 sebesar 16,34 m.  Hasil analisis hidrolika, seperti unit headloss berada pada rentang (0-5,78 m/km, namun kecepatan masih ada yang di bawah 0,3 m/detik. Rencana anggaran biaya (RAB yang dibutuhkan untuk melakukan pengembangan jaringan sebesar Rp 2.470.153,051.71.

  8. Predictive value of semi-quantitative MRI-based scoring systems for future knee replacement: data from the osteoarthritis initiative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Eng, John; Demehri, Shadpour [Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Musculoskeletal Radiology, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Baltimore, MD (United States); Zikria, Bashir [Johns Hopkins University, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Baltimore, MD (United States); Carrino, John A. [Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Radiology and Imaging, New York, NY (United States)

    2015-11-15

    To evaluate, in a confirmatory fashion, whether baseline and change from baseline to 24-month follow-up in cartilage damage, bone marrow lesions and meniscal damage are predictors of knee replacement (KR) in subjects with a high risk of osteoarthritis (OA), independent of the level of physical activity, symptom severity and radiographic abnormalities. Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative's (OAI) baseline and 24-month follow-up knee MRIs of 115 patients (age range: 45-78 years; 48 % female; BMI: 20.9-48.7) were analyzed. Cartilage, bone marrow and menisci were semi-quantitatively scored according to the Whole-Organ Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score (WORMS) and Boston-Leeds Osteoarthritis Knee Score (BLOKS) systems in all compartments. Baseline and 24-month interval changes in structural tissue damage assessed by BLOKS and WORMS were used as predictors of KR independent of clinical and radiographic parameters using Cox hazard analysis. Adjustments were performed for age, gender, BMI and physical activity (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly: PASE), Western Ontario and McMaster Questionnaire (WOMAC) total score and radiographic Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score. BLOKS and WORMS baseline cartilage scores were predictors of KR independent of the PASE, WOMAC and KL score. One score increase in the average baseline BLOKS full-thickness cartilage defect score was associated with a [hazard ratio (95 % CI)] 13.55 (3.61-50.89) times greater risk of KR independent of the PASE, WOMAC and KL score. Net reclassification improvements (NRIs) of the additional evaluation of 24-month follow-up MRI scores and assessment of changes were not significant for prediction of KR (NRI range: - 7.23 - 24.8 %). The BLOKS cartilage score for full-thickness cartilage defects had the highest hazard for KR. Follow-up MRI changes in structural tissue damage, detected by BLOKS and WORMS cartilage, bone marrow or meniscus scores (up to 24 months) had no significant predictive value in addition

  9. Vključevanje rezultatov ocene tveganja zaradi izrednih vremenskih dogodkov v prostorsko načrtovanje elektroenergetske infrastrukture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maruša MATKO

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available V članku so obravnavani praktični ukrepi za vključevanje rezultatov ocene tveganja zaradi izrednih vremenskih dogodkov v postopek prostorskega načrtovanja. Na primerih ocene tveganja zaradi žleda za prenosno in distribucijsko elektroenergetsko omrežje ter za vetrne elektrarne je predstavljen postopek, ki vnaša rezultate ocene tveganja v analizo ustreznosti prostora. Najprej je izdelana ocena tveganja za prenosno in distribucijsko omrežje zaradi žleda. Rezultati ocene tveganja so uporabljeni kot podlaga za presojo predlaganih različic tras visokonapetostnega daljnovoda in kot vhodni podatek za analizo ustreznosti prostora za umestitev vetrnih elektrarn. Različici za umestitev vetrnih elektrarn z upoštevanjem tveganja in brez tega smo primerjali z gospodarskega vidika in ugotovili, da lahko škode zaradi izrednih vremenskih dogodkov pomembno vplivajo na gospodarsko upravičenost načrta. Ugotavljamo, da lahko rezultate ocene tveganja na dva načina vključimo v načrtovanje elektroenergetske infrastrukture, in sicer s posodobitvijo inženirskih standardov in izogibanjem območjem, na katerih bi lahko nastale največje škode na infrastrukturi zaradi izrednih vremenskih dogodkov. Ocena tveganja je pomembna informacija, ki lahko vpliva na odločitve v zvezi z rabo prostora in tehničnimi ukrepi za povečanje odpornosti infrastrukture.

  10. Pengaruh Penggunaan Talas (Xanthosoma sagittifolium Terhadap Mutu dan Tingkat Penerimaan Panelis pada Produk Roti, Pastel, Pancake, Cookies, dan Bubur Talas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilsa Hermianti

    2016-06-01

    dilakukan teknologi pembuatan talas blok (Hermianti et al, 2010. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan  penggunaan talas blok untuk pembuatan aneka produk makanan basah, semi basah, dan makanan kering seperti roti, pastel, cookies, pancake, dan bubur talas dengan mensubstitusi tepung terigu dan tepung beras. Penelitian ini  bertujuan untuk mengetahui jumlah penggunaan talas yang memberikan hasil yang optimal dalam pembuatan beberapa produk tersebut sehingga dihasilkan pangan dengan mutu yang baik dan disukai.  Penelitian substitusi terigu dengan talas  yang dilakukan dalam pembuatan roti, pastel, dan cookies 0% (kontrol/ tanpa talas blok, 25%, 50% dan 75%, untuk pancake dengan formula talas dengan terigu  0% (kontrol/tanpa talas blok, 30%, 50%,100%, sedangkan untuk bubur talas dengan formula talas dengan tepung beras 0% (kontrol/tanpa talas blok, 30%, 50%, dan 100%. Analisis  kimia dilakukan  terhadap bahan baku talas blok meliputi kadar air, kadar abu, kadar pati, dan protein sedangkan untuk produk olahan pangan dilakukan uji organoleptik (warna, aroma, rasa dan tekstur berdasarkan tingkat penerimaan panelis. Produk cookies talas dan roti talas yang paling disukai panelis dianalisis kandungan lemak, protein, karbohidrat dan kalorinya serta daya simpan untuk produk makanan kering (cookies. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan talas blok mengandung kadar air 12,40%, kadar abu 1,12%, kadar pati 73,37%, amilosa 2,88%, amilopektin 70,49% dan protein 3,4%. Hasil  uji organoleptik dengan hasil yang optimal dan lebih disukai adalah roti dan pastel dengan penggunaan 25% talas, cookies dengan penggunaan 50% talas, pancake dengan formula talas  dengan tepung 50% dan bubur dengan pemakaian talas blok 30%.

  11. Diskurzivní analýza Národních listů: národ vs. islám a Laclauův populistický matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ondřej Stulík

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the phenomenon of populism and the form it takes in the context of the Úsvit – národní koalice party and the Blok proti islámu coalition. The methodology of the analysis is based on Laclau’s account of populism and includes a discursive analysis of the populist mentality as a tool to form a vague argument against “bad” Islam culture. These assumptions are tested by a summative content analysis and are contextualized by a metaphor analysis. The results confirm all assumptions: Úsvit and Blok create a specific populist mentality based on a negative perception of Islam, a positive (but empty national identity, and a simplified critique of the current establishment framed as tool for spreading bad culture which is based on the ideology of Muslims and Islam.

  12. Rancang Bangun Aplikasi Pendataan Warga Banjar Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A A Kurnia Aditama

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Dewasa ini smartphone dengan sistem operasi android sedang menjadi tren, khususnya pada bidang teknologi komunikasi. Adanya smartphone dengan sistem operasi android dapat digunakan untuk mendukung upaya pemerintah dalam melakukan pendataan penduduk, khususnya pendataan warga banjar. Saat ini petugas masih menggunakan cara manual dengan menggunakan form pendataan dari kertas. Sehingga munculah masalah yaitu bagaimana membuat suatu aplikasi mobile android dengan memanfaatkan kode QR yang dapat digunakan untuk mempermudah dalam melakukan pendataan warga banjar. Aplikasi ini dikembangkan menggunakan sebuah tools dari Google yaitu App Inventor, dengan tools ini pemrograman dapat dilakukan seperti bermain puzzle dimana seorang programmer melakukan pemrograman dengan cara menyatukan blok-blok program yang telah disediakan pada App Inventor. Dengan adanya App Inventor ini dapat dibuat sebuah aplikasi pendataan warga banjar dengan memanfaatkan kode QR sebagai media untuk memempermudah dalam proses pendataan sehingga pendataan warga banjar dapat dilakukan dengan lebih cepat dan efisien.

  13. LEGO MINDSTORMS EV3 ROBOT PROGRAMLAMA ARAYÜZÜNÜN İNCELENMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    Kunduracıoğlu, İsmail

    2018-01-01

    Günümüzde programlama eğitiminin değeri giderek arttığı ve bu eğitimin ilkokul düzeyinde verilmeye başladığıgörülmüştür. Bununla paralel olarak programlama araçları da çeşitlilik kazanmıştır. Klasik programlama eğitiminin yenibaşlayanlar ve özellikle yaşı küçük çocuklar için zor olabilmesi nedeniyle blok programlama dilleri geliştirilmiştir. Blokprogramlama şeklinde yeni başlayan öğrenenler programlama öğrenmeye daha kolay adapte olmaktadır. Programlamaeğitiminin yaygınlaşmasıyla blok program...

  14. Demonstration of an In-Situ Friction-Sound Probe for Mapping Particle Size at Contaminated Sediment Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    grained, permeable sediment units (Fetter, 1994). In combination with other groundwater tracers (e.g., temperature and salinity; Chadwick and Hawkins...Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program provided extensive support as part of a complementary study of AquaBlok, a bentonite -clay material...FSP validation are 8. This difference substantially influences the overall project costs (bottom of Table 7). A simplified sieving technique that

  15. The day Madiba died

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8 Apr 2016 ... geweld (“Utopia” [129–41]—Christina van Deventer), die seksuele misbruik van kinders (“Een, twee, drie, blok myself”. [98–103]—Ilisna Nel), posttraumatiese stres (“Ontspoor” [117–22]—Tanya van. Buuren) en geestestoornisse (“Lettie se verlies” [150–5]—Elani Venter) word ondersoek. In die satiriese ...

  16. BATA LEMPUNG BAHAN BANGUNAN DINDING ALTERNATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincentius Totok Noerwasito

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available "Bata lempung" is block of wall material, main basic material is sols contains 50-60% clay, pressed and molded, without combusted, used after 28 days and production doesn't depend climates. "Bata lempung" can used as bearing wall or curtain wall, exposed and in low-cost housing, exclusive house and real estate. Resultants of research "Bata lempung" used sols from Pandaan Jawa-Timur are resistance compression 60 -70 kg/cm2, waterproofing and cheaper than brick if produced in site of project. "Bata lemping" are material saving energy, without pollution, efficient, structural and art material. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : "Bata lempung" adalah bahan bangunan dinding berupa blok terbuat dari tanah "lempung" dengan kandungan 50-60% Clay, dicetak dengan pemadatan, pengeringan tanpa dibakar, dipergunakan setelah berumur 28 hari. Karena dicetak proses pembuatan tidak tergantung pada cuaca. Aplikasi "bata lempung" adalah sebagai dinding pemikul atau sebagai dinding pengisi, yang dapat diekspose pada dinding rumah murah, rumah mewah atau pada kompleks perumahan real estate. Hasil penelitian dari tanah yang berasal dari Pandaan - Jawa timur menghasilkan blok "bata lempung" dengan kuat tekan 60 -70 kg/cm2, tahan air .dan harga dibawah harga bata merah dipasaran jika diproduksi dilokasi bangunan. "Bata lempung" adalah bahan bangunan yang ramah lingkungan,henat enrgi, tidak meninggalkan banyak sisa blok, merupakan bahan bangunan struktural dan juga bahan bangunan seni. Kata kunci: Bahan bangunan dinding, blok, Clay, Semen, pemadatan, pencetakan, pembakaran, ekspose, natural, modul, kuat tekan, dinding pemikul, dinding pengisi, polusi, hemat energi, material struktural, material seni.

  17. Database marketing for energy conservation. Practice-oriented study; Databasemarketing voor energiebesparing. Praktijk gericht onderzoek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burghouts, H. [Energie Netwerk EN, Bilthoven (Netherlands); De Kleijn, B.; Van Leerdam, W. [Tangram Advies en Onderzoek, Zeist (Netherlands)

    2013-06-15

    In the 'Block by Block' project 13 local energy saving projects are supported in the development of concepts to realize large-scale energetic improvements of existing houses. In these projects the consortia develop strategies which are applied in the market. In addition, a number of projects is awarded with a so-called 'Green Deal' (agreements between governmental, public and private parties in the Netherlands). Part of the support is a knowledge and learning process. As part of the learning process a practice-oriented research has been carried out into the possibilities of database marketing (DBM) for energy conservation. The research focuses on the opportunities for DBM for energy savings and promising product-market combinations. The question is: can DBM contribute to improving the effectiveness of the 'Block by Block' projects? [Dutch] In het project 'Blok voor Blok' worden 13 lokale energiebesparingsprojecten gesteund bij de ontwikkeling van concepten ten behoeve van de grootschalige energetische verbetering van bestaande woningen. In deze projecten worden door de gevormde consortia strategieen ontwikkeld en uitgevoerd in de markt. Daarnaast is een aantal projecten gehonoreerd met een 'Green deal'. Onderdeel van de ondersteuning is een kennis- en leertraject. In het kader van het leertraject is een praktijk gericht onderzoek gedaan naar de mogelijkheden van databasemarketing (DBM) voor energiebesparing. Het onderzoek richt zich op de kansen voor DBM voor energiebesparing en kansrijke productmarktcombinaties. De vraag is: kan DBM bijdragen aan verbetering van de effectiviteit van projecten 'Blok voor Blok'?.

  18. Pengaruh Degasser Dan Grain Refiner Terhadap Sifat Mekanik Paduan Al-Si Produk Cor

    OpenAIRE

    Yohanes, Glenn; Djamil, Sofyan

    2008-01-01

    Paduan aluminium banyak digunakan pada industri otomotif, seperti pada pembuatan velg dan komponen-komponen mesin. Studi pengaruh degasser dan grain refiner terhadap kekuatan tarik, kekuatan luluh, elongasi dan kekerasan, pada proses peleburan dibandingkan dengan atau tanpa menggunakan degasser dan grain refiner. Benda uji didapat dengan melebur blok mesin Mitsubishi L.300, menggunakan tungku listrik dan proses cor sistem cetakan terbuka. Hasil penelitian, meliputi kekuatan tarik, luluh, elon...

  19. Pengaruh Degasser dan Grain Refiner terhadap Sifat Mekanik Paduan Al-Si Produk Cor

    OpenAIRE

    Yohanes, Glenn; Djamil, Sofyan

    2009-01-01

    Paduan aluminium banyak digunakan pada industri otomotif, seperti pada pembuatan velg dan komponen-komponen mesin. Studi pengaruh degasser dan grain refiner terhadap kekuatan tarik, kekuatan luluh, elongasi dan kekerasan, pada proses peleburan dibandingkan dengan atau tanpa menggunakan degasser dan grain refiner. Benda uji didapat dengan melebur blok mesin Mitsubishi L.300, menggunakan tungku listrik dan proses cor sistem cetakan terbuka. Hasil penelitian, meliputi kekuatan tarik, luluh, elon...

  20. Case law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-01-01

    This section of the Bulletin brings together the texts of the following case laws: Canada: - Judgment of the Federal Court of Canada sending back to a joint review panel for reconsideration the environmental assessment of a proposed new nuclear power plant in Ontario. France : - Conseil d'etat, 24 March 2014 (Request No. 358882); - Conseil d'etat, 24 March 2014 (Request No. 362001). Slovak Republic: - Further developments in cases related to the challenge by Greenpeace Slovakia to the Mochovce nuclear power plant; - Developments in relation to the disclosure of information concerning the Mochovce nuclear power plant. United States: - Initial Decision of the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Ruling in Favour of Nuclear Innovation North America, LLC (NINA) Regarding Foreign Ownership, Control or Domination

  1. Monitoring of covering model of the National radioactive waste repository

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jezikova, M.

    2009-01-01

    The subject of this rigorous report is justification of cover model building at radioactive waste repository in Mochovce as a very important engineering barrier preventing significant release of radioactive substances into the environment and providing protection against ionizing radiation. This rigorous report includes a theoretical part, which describes radioactive waste characterization, radioactive waste management and summary of the preliminary activities prior to the building cover model, particularly involving the selection of appropriate variables and parameters and creation of monitoring plan during the long term monitoring for evaluation of this barrier in order to ensure minimization of any leak of radioactive substances from RAW. The next part includes evaluation of the values of parameters and variables to build cover model of RAW in Mochovce during 2006-2008 (author)

  2. LESPRO - an expert system for the decision support in determination and suggestion of protective measures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bohunova, J.; Duranova, T.; Hatar, E.

    2000-01-01

    A prototype expert system for advising emergency procedures for nuclear regulatory authority has been developed. The expert system ESPRO is known as goal oriented rule-based knowledge system. The system is based on emergency procedures developed in VUJE Trnava, Inc. for use by the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) of the Slovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority (NRA). The operation interpretation module uses the knowledge base of emergency procedures for the evaluation of source term and determination and suggestion of protective measures which is represented in the form of a Petri net model. Its verification and validation was done on the basis of the results of two exercises: joint exercise of ERC staff with Slovak Army Headquarters and full scale Mochovce NPP emergency exercise with use of the Mochovce NPP simulator. (author)

  3. Software of diagnostic systems for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-01-01

    23 papers deal with the assessment of the standard of software in in-service diagnostics systems in the Dukovany and the Bohunice nuclear power plants. Research projects, intentions and the scope of research are outlined for the diagnostic systems of the Mochovce and the Temelin nuclear power plants. It is shown that the use is ever more growing of personal computers in this sphere. (J.B.)

  4. SE-VYZ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2004-01-01

    On this CD compact disc 6 video-films (A-1 NPP; Bituminization; Cementation; Pressing; The Interim spent fuel storage facility; Transport into the National radioactive waste repository Mochovce; Ignition; and Vitrification). In these films process of radioactive waste treatment in the Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Center (SE-VYZ) is presented. 2 presentations about radioactive wastes treatment in the SE-VYZ are included

  5. Today’s role of the Slovak Electric, Inc. and plans for the near future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanzel Andrej

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available A brief description of history in the energy sector of the Slovak Republic. The position of the nuclear power in the Slovak energy system and safety concern. Ithe ivestment process especially from the environmental point of view, alternative fuels. Transmission facilities, primary and secondary regulations, synchronous interconnection to UCPTE. A least cost planning study as an approach to the strategic planning. The Completion of Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce is the only Economic Possibility for the Slovak Electric, Inc.

  6. Determination of thermal reactivity coefficients for the first fuel loading of MO34

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lueley, J.; Vrban, B.; Farkas, G.; Hascik, J.; Hinca, R.; Petriska, M.; Slugen, V.

    2012-01-01

    The article introduces determination of thermal reactivity coefficients, especially summarized (isothermal) and moderator (density) reactivity coefficients between 200 grad C and 260 grad C with 2 grad C step, - in compliance with the assignment - for the first fuel loading into the RC of NP Mochovce units using 2 nd generation fuel during the start-up using calculation code MCNP5 1.60. (authors)

  7. Radwaste Treatment Centre Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    In this leaflet the Bohunice Radwaste Treatment Centre (BSC RAO) is presented. BSC RAO is designed to process and treat liquid and solid radwaste, arising from the NPP A-1 decommissioning, from NPPs V-1, V-2, and Mochovce operations, as well as institutional radwaste of diverse institutional (hospitals, research institutes) in the Slovak Republic. Transport, sorting, incineration, compacting, concentration and cementation of radwaste as well as monitoring of emission are described

  8. Nuclear installations in Slovakia accords to the convention definition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In this part the nuclear power plants Bohunice - Units V-1 and V-2 and NPP Mochovce (description of units, safety reports and safety improvement programs) are described. Description of Bohunice A-1, history and current status of the NPP A-1 and NPP decommissioning program are included. In next parts interim spent fuel storage, technologies of Raw processing and treatment, and treated and solid Raw storage sites are described

  9. Chapter 7. Radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    The inspection and assessment activities of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) focused on minimization of activity and the quantity of produced radioactive waste (RAW), and on increasing safety of waste management. The general scheme of rad-waste management in the Slovak Republic is presented. The radioactive wastes produced during the operation of NPP V-1, NPP V-2 and NPP Mochovce in 1999 are listed.Liquid RAW was treated and conditioned into a solid form at the nuclear facility Technology for treatment and conditioning of RAW. In 1999 combustible solid waste was treated at the nuclear facility Incinerator of VUJE Trnava. Produced liquid and solid RAW are stored at designed equipment at individual nuclear installations (in case of NPP V-1, NPP V-2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce in compliance with the Regulation No. 67/1987 Coll. law).The status of free capacity of these storages as of 31.121999 is presented. Storage solidified product built the SE-VYZ was fully filled at the end of 1999. In 1999 there was a significant improvement in the process of radioactive waste management by: (A) issuing approval for commissioning the National Repository for RAW, (B) issuing approval for commissioning the Treatment and Conditioning Center for RAW, (C) having the application for approval to transport conditioned RAW to the National repository Mochovce in the final stage of evaluation. At the beginning of 2000 it is realistic to expect that RAW conditioned in the Conditioning center of RAW will start to be disposed at the National repository of RAW in Mochovce

  10. Radiochemical speciation of strontium and cesium in soils and influence of the zeolite on its migration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cipakova, A.

    1998-01-01

    The dissertation deals with sorption and desorption characteristics of two significant radionuclides Sr-85 and Cs-137 in selected soil samples as well as from around of NPP Bohunice and NPP Mochovce which were examined. The dissertation consists from next chapters: (1) Introduction; (2) Present state of knowledge; (3) Materials and methods; (4) Results and discussion; (5) Conclusions; (6) Particular conclusions for the realisation in practice and for next development of the science

  11. Quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-01-01

    The main efforts of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) was focused on support of quality assurance programmes development at responsible organizations Bohunice V-1 and V-v and Mochovce NPPs and their inspection. Development of the level two documentation of a partial quality assurance programme for NPP operation continued at Mochovce NPP. Most of documentation has been submitted to NRA SR for comments and approval. NRA SR invited a mission of French experts to Mochovce NPP to review preparation and performance of internal audits that would be beneficial for improvement in this kind activities at the NPP. Bohunice NPP continued in development of a partial quality assurance programme for operation. The Quality Assurance Programme submitted to NRA SR for approval. Based on a request of Bohunice NPPs, NRA SR consulted the draft quality assurance programme developed by Siemens for stage of the 'Basic Design' of V-1 NPP upgrading. The programme had not been submitted for approval to NRA SR prior to completion of works by Siemens. Based on an internal audit that had been performed, corrective measures were proposed to meet requirements on review and approval of suppliers quality assurance programmes. Requirements related to the quality assurance at nuclear installations were prepared to be incorporated into principles of a act on peaceful use of nuclear power in Slovak Republic

  12. The conference hybrid control room

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gieci, A.; Caucik, J.; Macko, J.

    2008-01-01

    An original concept of a hybrid control room was developed for the Mochovce-3 and Mochovce-4 reactor units which are under construction. The basic idea underlying the concept is that the control room should be a main working place for the operators (reactor operator and turbine operator) and for the shift supervisor, designed as a comprehensive unit desk shaped so that all members of the control room crew are in a face-to-face contact constantly. The main desk consists of three clearly identified areas serving the operators and the unit supervisor as their main working places. A soft control system is installed at the main working places. A separate safety-related working place, designed as a panel with classical instrumentations at the conference hybrid control room, is provided in case of abnormal conditions or emergency situation. Principles of ergonomics and cognitive engineering were taken into account when designing the new conference hybrid control room for the Mochovce-3 and -4 reactor units. The sizes, propositions, shapes and disposition of the equipment at the control room have been created and verified by using virtual reality tools. (orig.)

  13. Annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    The annual report of SE, a. s., contains information for the year of 2003 and summarises SE's most important financial data for the stated period. The joint stock company Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (Slovak Power Plants) was established on January 21, 2002, when it was entered into the Commercial Register as a new business entity formed by splitting the former Slovenska elektrarne, a. s. (SE, a. s.) into three independent business entities: Slovenska elektrarne, a. s. (SE, a. s.), Slovenska elektrizacna prenosova sustava, a. s. (Slovak Transmission Grid), and Teplaren Kosice, a. s. (Heating Plant Kosice). Data regarding electricity and heat generation and operational and financial results of the company are stated for the year of 2003, without providing a comparison to the previous year. The reason is that 2002 data do not cover the whole year, as the new SE a. s. was established on January 21, 2002 with changed mix of heat and electricity generation assets. Comparison data for previous years are provided only for certain technical parameters regarding nuclear safety, environment and human resources. This report contains the following headings: (1) SE Board of directors; (2) Supervisory Board; (3) Address by the Chairman of the Board of directors; (4) Year in brief; (5) Organisational structure of the company; (6) Participating interests held by the company; (7) Company strategy; (8) Heat and electricity generation; (9) Sales of electricity, ancillary services and heat; (10) Investments; (11) International cooperation; (12) Nuclear safety; (13) Environment; (14) Human resources; (15) Business report and financial statements; (16) Auditor's report; (17) List of abbreviations

  14. Centralisation of informatics (more effective processes via using new technologies)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cocher, L.

    2004-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with next problems of Slovenske elektrarne, Plc (SE): - Centralisation and optimisation of informatics management; - New technologies within Integrated Informatics System IIS-SE: presentation of preliminary Project of 2 nd generation IIS-SE; - Centralisation of the selected data processing. At the present the intensive process of restructuring is taking place in SE, Plc, focused on increasing of the effectiveness of the pursued activities. In connection with this the Informatics section solves two projects: More effective self-management and human resources; Change of Informatics system architecture from decentralised to the centralised ones with an aim to consolidate all information and to make new conditions for higher mobility

  15. VPLIV TRANSFORMATORJA Z REGULACIJSKIM STIKALOM NA OBRATOVANJE DISTRIBUCIJSKEGA OMREŽJA

    OpenAIRE

    Veber, Aleksander

    2015-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava vpliv transformatorja z regulacijskim stikalom na obratovanje distribucijskega omrežja. Za ovrednotenje vpliva transformatorja z regulacijskim stikalom je izdelan simulacijski model dela distribucijskega omrežja, v katerega so vključene tudi sončne elektrarne. V modelu omrežja je klasični transformator zamenjan s transformatorjem z regulacijskim stikalom. Izvedeni so simulacijski izračuni na obstoječem nizkonapetostnem omrežju in na omrežju s transformatorjem z regula...

  16. Chapter 5. The strategic plans of the Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In the fifth chapter of this CD ROM the strategic plans of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.), are presented. It consist of next paragraphs (1) The programme of strategic changes (Declaration of the programme; The need for change; Major tasks; The management structure; Interconnections between the PSC target areas; The PSC projects); (2) The development of the Company (The major objectives of the Company; The energy plan of Slovakia; Analysis of development Alternatives; Results of the analysis; Economic comparison of the alternatives; Development of generation, The information system; Strategic goals and legislation). (3) The quality control system

  17. Chapter 5. The strategic plans of the Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    In the fifth chapter of this CD ROM the strategic plans of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.), are presented. It consist of next paragraphs (1) The programme of strategic changes (Declaration of the programme; The need for change; Major tasks; The management structure; Interconnections between the PSC target areas; The PSC projects); (2) The development of the Company (The major objectives of the Company; The energy plan of Slovakia; Analysis of development Alternatives; Results of the analysis; Economic comparison of the alternatives; Development of generation, The information system; Strategic goals and legislation). (3) The quality control system

  18. History and evaluation of the operation of Jaslovske Bohunice V-1 NPP Unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Obert, M.; Kovac, V.

    2007-01-01

    The following information is provided: Deadline and reasons for discontinuation of operation of V-1 reactor unit 1; improvements of V-1 reactor units in early 1990s ('Minor Reconstruction'); 'Gradual Reconstruction': underlying requirements, systems concerned, implementation process and results; technical and economic indicators of operation of V-1 unit 1; reasons for and way of transfer of the V-1 NPP to a new company within the process of privatization of the Slovenske elektrarne Inc. utility; and, in conclusion, assessment of the operation and outline of planned activities within the decommissioning process. (orig.)

  19. MODEL PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN TAMAN WISATA ALAM GUNUNG MEJA MANOKWARI PAPUA BARAT (Model Environmental Management of Meja Mountain Natural Manokwari West Papua (Model Environmental Management of Meja Mountain Natural Manokwari West Papua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalsen Basna

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Model pengelolaan lingkungan hutan Taman Wisata Alam Gunung Meja mencapai lingkungan keberkelanjutan apabila aspek ekologis, ekonornis, dan sosial budaya yang dinarnis diperlukan suatu konsep model lingkungan yang permanen dalam pengelolaannya. Model lingkungan adalah perwakilan sebuah objek dalam bentuk aktual atau situasi rill yang ditentukan secara sadar dan terencana. Penelitian ini bertujuan (i menganalisis model sistem blok, (2 mengontruksi model rekayasa struktur hutan tanaman lokal campuran sebagai pengedalian lingkungan masa kini, (3 mengonstuksi model arahan lingkungan pengelolaan wisata alam yang berbasis bisnis konservasi.Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah memadukan sumber informasi lingkungan dari data penginderaan jauh, peta tematik, sistem informasi geografis (SIG, dan survei lapangan. Populasi sampel mengenai kerusakan lingkungan dipilih dari peta satuan lahan sesuai dengan liputan citra lansat thematic mapper (TM atau enhanced thematic mapper (ETM seluruh kawasan dan survei lapangan.Hasil penelitian, adalah (1 perumusan model berdasarkan kondisi permasalahan yang terdiri atas model sistem blok berdasarkan blok daerah datar, daerah tangkapan air satu atau daerah dengan kerapatan hutan yang tinggi, blok kerapatan sedang atau daerah tangkapan air dua, blok daerah pernanfaatan dan blok rehabilitasi; (2 mengontruksi model rekayasa struktur hutan tanaman lokal campuran untuk pengendalian lingkungan masa kini berdasarkan stratifikasi tajuk; dan (3 menginstruksi model arahan pengelolaan lingkungan wisata alam yang berbasis bisnis konservasi berdasarkan pada pengembagan jalur pariwisata dan model pengembangan bisnis konservasi. ABSTRACT Model environmental management of forests Meja Mountain Natural Park has achieved thenvironmental aspects of sustainability where ecological, economic and socio-cultural dynamic. At present a concept model of the environment, that can be permanently implied in its management is

  20. IDENTIFIKASI DISTORSI BLUR PADA GAMBAR DIGITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irwan Prasetya Gunawan

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu masalah yang sering muncul dalam dunia fotografi adalah efek blur yang dapat diakibatkan baik oleh objek yang bergerak maupun gerakan kamera yang berhubungan dengan kecepatan rana (shutter speed ketika gambar akan diambil. Paper ini menyajikan sebuah metode baru yang sederhana untuk mendeteksi kemunculan distorsi blur yang tidak diinginkan pada gambar digital. Metode yang diusulkan menggunakan transformasi discrete cosine transform (DCT pada gambar yang telah mengalami distorsi dengan ukuran blok DCT yang bervariasi. Hasil dari pendeteksian ini kemudian digunakan untuk meningkatkan kualitas gambar melalui metode debluring berdasarkan korelasi pixel yang diterapkan pada area tertentu pada gambar yang mengandung distorsi blur ini. Hasil eksperimen menunjukkan bahwa kualitas gambar yang disempurnakan dihasilkan oleh metode debluring secara selektif menggunakan deteksi distorsi blur lokal akan lebih baik daripada yang tidak melalui proses seleksi. Dari berbagai ukuran blok yang digunakan dalam percobaan, blok berukuran 32×32 piksel menghasilkan kualitas gambar yang secara umum lebih baik. One of the problems that often arise in photography is a blurring effect that can be caused either by a moving object or camera movements that associated with the shutter speed when the picture is taken. This paper presents a simple new method for detecting the appearance of unwanted blur distortion in digital images. The proposed method uses the transformation of Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT on the image that has been distorted with varying DCT block size. The results of the detection used to improve image quality through debluring method based on pixel correlation that applied to certain areas of the image that contains this blur distortion. The experimental results show that the enhanced picture quality produced by the method of selectively debluring using a local blur distortion detection is better than not through the selection process

  1. Simulacija prelaznih pojava asinhronog motora na personalnom računaru / Simulation of transient behavior of an induction motor using personal computer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan Stanković

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available U raduje predstavljena simulaciona blok-šema asinhronog motora, dobijena uz pomoć jednačina prostora stanja, namenjena za analizu prelaznih pojava raznih režima rada asinhronog motora. Analiziranje primer simulacije zaletanja neopterećenog asinhronog motora. / The simulation block diagram, obtained by using the state-space model of an induction motor, is presented in this paper. The simulation block diagram is intended for transient behavior investigation of an induction motor. The transient behavior of an unloaded induction motor during simulated run-up is analyzed.

  2. Nano-porous Materials from Diblock Copolymers and its Membrane Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szewczykowski, Piotr Przemyslaw

    diblok copolymerer, som kan syntetiseres ved levende anionisk polymerisation. Majoritetsblokken af den benyttede blok copolymer bestod af enten polyisopren eller 1,2-polybutadien, mens minoritetsblokken bestod af polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Afhængigt af blokkomposititionen blev to forskellige...... kollapsede porer i tør tilstand. En prøve af et sådant materiale blev placeret i deutereret toluen og analyseret ved hjælp af småvinkel neutron spredning, som viste interessante aspekter af gendannelse af den oprindelige morfologi. . Nano-porøse prøver fremstillet af 1,2-polybutadien-b-polydimetylsiloxan med...

  3. Saferad industrial radiography system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lima, Wallace Aparecido de

    2005-01-01

    The Saferad industrial radiography system is a system for execution of radiographic tests that provide small rays of insulation compared to conventional techniques. The system consists of a special irradiator that can be operated in three modes of exposure: Projection, Directional, and Panoramic with a set of collimators for different diameters of tubes, which collimate the radiation only to the area of the film. The radioisotope used is Selenium-75. Complements the system the shielding GammaBlok, polymer based on cadmium, flexible, non-toxic, and presented in various dimensions and shapes. It should involve the radiographic arrangement to shield the radiation after it goes through the film and the scattered radiation

  4. MRI in knee osteoarthritis. Application in diet intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbergsen, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    and collection of patient-reported outcomes with a variety of generic and specific health status questionnaires. MRI scans were graded by the BLOKS and CR was analysed by measuring the mJSW and grading the knee as described by KL. 388 possible subjects were pre-screened, 192 were enrolled. Following the 16 weeks...... proposed the combination of the two scores. MRI technology allows for an excellent discrimination and delineation of synovitis and synovial effusion by performing MRI with I.V. gadolinium and post-contrast T1 FS images, but due to extensive requirements and longer scans times for such examinations we...

  5. The Propositional Logic Induced by Means of Basic Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chajda, I.

    2015-12-01

    A propositional logic induced by means of commutative basic algebras was already described by M. Botur and R. Halaš. It turns out that this is a kind of non-associative fuzzy logic which can be used e.g. in expert systems. Unfortunately, there are other important classes of basic algebras which are not commutative, e.g. orthomodular lattices which are used as an axiomatization of the logic of quantum mechanics. This motivated us to develop another axioms and derivation rules which form a propositional logic induced by basic algebras in general. We show that this logic is algebraizable in the sense of W. J. Blok and D. Pigozzi.

  6. Vpliv organizacije vzgojno-izobraževalnega procesa likovne umetnosti na dosežke učencev

    OpenAIRE

    Zorjan, Marlene

    2016-01-01

    Pri pouku likovne umetnosti ugotavljamo, da so šole premalo fleksibilne pri oblikovanju urnika. Pouk likovne umetnosti lahko poteka v različnih oblikah, na primer posamezno po eno uro na teden ali strnjeno po dve šolski uri, torej v blok uri na štirinajst dni. V praksi ugotavljamo, da so zaradi organizacije učnega procesa razlike v likovnem spominu, saj je začetek reševanja likovne naloge časovno omejen, snovanje idej učencev pa je prekinjeno, zato pri nadaljevanju likovne naloge učitelj potr...

  7. Uporaba kamere Pixy pri vodenju robota

    OpenAIRE

    TITAN, UROŠ

    2016-01-01

    V diplomskem delu smo obravnavali delovanje kamere Pixy in pokazali, kako je iz podatkov, ki nam jih posreduje, mogoče izračunati razdaljo med kamero in objektom. Za programiranje robota smo v nadaljevanju v programskem okolju Lego Mindstorms EV3 Home Edition opisali funkcijske bloke, povezane s kamero. Opisali smo tudi funkcijski blok za PID regulator in pokazali, kako izračunamo njegove parametre za reguliranje motorjev Lego. V empiričnem delu smo preizkusili praktično del...

  8. KARAKTERIZACIJA WCCo/NiCrBSi PREVLAKE OTPORNE NA HABANJE

    OpenAIRE

    Mrdak R. Mihailo

    2010-01-01

    U radu su analizirani mikrostruktura, mehaničke i tribološke karakteristike (APS) prevlake WCCoNiCrBSi koja se primenjuje za reparaciju cilindara nosne noge helikoptera. Tribološka procena prevlake određena je primenom tribometra blok-na-prstenu. Spregnuti materijalblokovi sa prevlakom ispitani su na okaljenom i poboljšanom čeličnom prstenu. Za ukupno odstojanje od 3000 m bili su konstantna brzina 0,5 m/s i opterećenje 400 N. Prednost primene ove prevlake je u značajnom p...

  9. Karakterizacija WCCo/NiCrBSi prevlake otporne na habanje / Characterization of wear resistant plasma sprayed WCCo/NiCrBSi self-fluxing coatings

    OpenAIRE

    Mihailo R. Mrdak

    2010-01-01

    U radu su analizirani mikrostruktura, mehaničke i tribološke karakteristike (APS) prevlake WCCoNiCrBSi koja se primenjuje za reparaciju cilindara nosne noge helikoptera. Tribološka procena prevlake određena je primenom tribometra blok-na-prstenu. Spregnuti materijalblokovi sa prevlakom ispitani su na okaljenom i poboljšanom čeličnom prstenu. Za ukupno odstojanje od 3000 m bili su konstantna brzina 0,5 m/s i opterećenje 400 N. Prednost primene ove prevlake je u značajnom produženju resursa del...

  10. Capacity building for detection and response to illicit trafficking of radioactive materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Melich, M.

    2008-01-01

    Full text: Under the Research Agreement a 'National Intercepting System for radioactive contaminated Materials' was developed. It consists of the following elements: The real time information system - ILTRAM, detection equipment and detection response procedures. To guarantee smooth operation, the responsibilities of different state organizations needed to be defined and the information exchange was initiated. The emerging system was discussed in several national and international workshops and seminars. Participants came from the Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic (SR), the Customs Directorate, Ministry of Economy, Slovenske Elektrarne, the Nuclear Regulatory Authority, the State Fund for Decommissioning of NPP, the Office of Civil Protection, the police and other. Development and implementation were complemented by training courses with participation of customs coordinators and officers from the Customs Criminal Unit. The training covered radiation protection, response plans, detection equipment and its technical parameters, practical exercises with hand-held instruments, practical operation of the information system ILTRAM, and training of the response to different scenarios. Special effort was paid also to the training of the coordination of the cooperation between different parties involved: Customs Directorate, Customs Criminal Unit, Presidium of the Police Force, Office of Civil Protection of the Ministry of Interior, Laboratory of Radiochemical Analyses (SLRA), Slovenske Elektrarne, APEKO. In the training the functioning of the whole system was demonstrated, including the response to illicit trafficking. (author)

  11. Chapter 9. Personnel qualification and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    The overall training system and the development of projects for training of all categories of NPP V-1, NPP V-2 Bohunice, SE-VYZ and NPP Mochovce staff were the subject of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) attention. During 2000, the following inspections were carried out on nuclear personnel training: (a) NPP Bohunice: an inspection focused on compliance with requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of Bohunice plant staff ; (b) NPP Mochovce: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of NPP Mochovce staff; an inspection focused on verifying the simulator aided training; an inspection focused on checking the preparedness of NPP Mochovce operation and technical personnel for NPP Mochovce Unit 2 operation; (c) Technology for treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste Bohunice (BSC): an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of SE-VYZ staff; VUJE Trnava: verification of technical equipment and professional skills of VUJE Trnava staff and tasks arising out of the 'Authorisation on nuclear installation staff training'. Examinations of selected personnel were scheduled according to the plan of examining committee meetings. For each examined person written tests are generated by the computer from the database of test questions at the Training Centre of VUJE Trnava for individual positions - categories of selected staff of NPP V-1 and NPP V-2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce so that the examination questions both in written and oral part equally cover individual facilities and regimes of operation of NPP. The database is continuously updated, thereby containing new questions resulting from the recent changes carried out at NPPs. A part of the examination in case of promotion to a higher position is the practical part, which is conducted under

  12. Chapter No.8. Personnel qualification and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    The overall training system and the development projects of training the staff of all categories from NPP V-1, NPP V-2 Bohunice, SE-VYZ and NPP Mochovce were the subject of UJD's attention. During 2001 following inspections were carried out on nuclear personnel training: - PP's Bohunice: an inspection focused on compliance with requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of Bohunice plant staff; - Mochovce NPP: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of NPP Mochovce staff; - SE-VYZ: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of SE-VYZ staff. Training the staff of the NPP's Bohunice: - The fundamental and periodical theoretical training as sure as the fundamental and periodical simulator training is carried out by the VUJE Training centre in Trnava. - The fundamental practical training in the workplace and training for the change work- rank is carried at Bohunice plant. Training of the staff of the NPP Mochovce: - The fundamental and periodical theoretical training is carried out by the VUJE Training centre in Trnava. The fundamental practical training in the workplace and training for the change work- rank as well as the fundamental and periodical simulator training is carried at Mochovce plant. Based on a successful passing of examination before the examining committee, UJD issues a certificate on special professional skills of selected staff members of nuclear installations for specific activity for the given type of nuclear installation and for the following positions: 1. Scientific shift manager for start up with the right of manipulation; 2. Shift supervisor; 3. Unit supervisor; 4. Primary circuit operator; 5. Secondary circuit operator; 6. Reactor physicist; 7. Scientific shift manager for start up without the right of manipulation. Examinations of

  13. Evaluation of doses during the handling and transport of radioactive wastes containers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kubik, I.; Kusovska, Z.; Hanusik, V.; Mrskova, A.; Kapisovsky, V.

    2000-01-01

    Radioactive waste products from the nuclear power plants (NPPs) must be isolated from contact with people for very long period of time. Low and intermediate-level waste will be disposed of in Slovakia in specially licensed Regional disposal facility which is located near the NPP Mochovce site. Radioactive waste accumulated in the Jaslovsk. Bohunice site, during the decommissioning process of the NPP A-1 and arising from the NPP V-1 and NPP V-2 operation, will be processed and shipped in standard concrete containers to the Mochovce Regional disposal facility. The treatment centre was build at the NPP Jaslovsk? Bohunice site which is in the trial operation now. It is supposed that radioactive waste containers will be transported by train from the treatment centre Jaslovsk? Bohunice to the site of Radioactive Waste Repository at Mochovce and by truck in the area of repository. To estimate the occupational radiation exposure during the transport the calculations of dose rates from the containers are necessary. The national regulations allow low level of radiation to emanate from the casks and containers. The maximum permissible volume radioactivity of wastes inside the container is limited in such a way that irradiation level should not exceed 2 mGy/h for the contact irradiation level and 0,1 mGy/h at 2-meter distance. MicroShield code was used to analyse shielding and assessing exposure from gamma radiation of containers to people. A radioactive source was conservatively modelled by homogenous mixture of radionuclides with concrete. Standard rectangular volume source and shield geometry is used in model calculations. The activities of the personnel during the transport and storage of containers are analysed and results of the evaluation of external dose rates and effective doses are described. (author)

  14. Training of personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) activities in the area of NPPs staff qualification followed requirements of the Act No. 28/1984 of Collection on the state supervision over nuclear safety of nuclear installations and Decree of CSKAE No. 191/1989 of Collection. Based on these documents, staff having direct influence on nuclear safety by their working activity are subject to an examination of special vocational capability, i.e. verification of a set of their vocational knowledge and skills. Selected staff is examined by the State Examining Committee established by NRA's chairman. Based on successfully passed exams before the State Examining Commission, the NRA issues licences for selected personnel working at the WWER type of a nuclear installation. The positions are as follows: shift supervisor, unit supervisor, primary circuit operator, secondary circuit operator, and reactor physicist.Such licenses are valid for two years from the date of issue.In the event of passing an exam with grade with grade e xcellent , licences for a 4-year period can be granted to select personnel of the NPP V-2. For the past year of 1997, the number of licences issued to NPPs V-1 and V-2 selected personnel is reviewed. During the year, the technical equipment testing on the NPP Mochovce simulator was done. Granted licences on the ground of the NPP Mochovce for selected personnel as professional qualifications of simulation training instructors. Working negotiations at international level were held during the year to secure funds to improve the NPP V-2 simulator (US AID); also testing of technical equipment of the full-scope simulator of NPP-Mochovce, professional eligibility and overall preparation of simulator training including simulator software. Funded by the PHARE programme, an in co-operation with the IAEA, personnel qualification upgrade courses continued

  15. Construction history and construction management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agh, S.

    1999-01-01

    The process of pre-design and design preparation of the Mochovce NPP as well as the construction history of the plant is highlighted, including the financing aspect and problems arising from changes in the technological and other conditions of start-up of the reactor units. The results of international audits performed to improve the level of nuclear safety and implementation of the measures suggested are also described. The milestones of the whole construction process and start-up process, the control and quality system, and the methods of control and management of the complex construction project are outlined. (author)

  16. Containment leak-tightness enhancement at VVER 440 NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prandorfy, M.

    2001-01-01

    The hermetic compartments of VVER 440 NPPs fulfil the function of the containment used at NPPs all over the word. The purpose of the containment is to protect the NPP personal against radioactive impact as well as to prevent radioactive leakage to the environment during a lost of coolant accident. Leak-tightness enhancement in NPPs with VVER 440/213 and VVER 440/230 reactors is an important safety issue. New procedures, measures and methods were adopted at NPPs in Mochovce, J. Bohunice, Dukovany and Paks for leak identification and sealing works performed by VUEZ Levice. (authors)

  17. Anthropogenic137Cs on atmospheric aerosols in Bratislava and around nuclear power plants in Slovakia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ješkovský, M; Lištjak, M; Sýkora, I; Slávik, O; Povinec, P P

    2018-04-01

    Nuclear power plants (NPPs) have been one of the sources of anthropogenic radionuclides in the environment. This work combines the results from monitoring stations around NPPs in Slovakia (Mochovce and Jaslovské Bohunice) and academic measurements at the Comenius University campus in Bratislava. Most of the atmospheric 137 Cs in this region come from the resuspension of the Chernobyl-derived 137 Cs, as well as caesium produced during nuclear weapons testing. By comparison of the obtained results at NPPs with Bratislava data, radiation impacts of the NPPs on the local environments have been estimated to be negligible. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Nuclear Research Institute Rez view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biza, K.; Pazdera, F.; Vasa, I.; Zdarek, J.

    2004-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with the present state and perspectives of nuclear energy in the Czech Republic and in the Slovak Republic. It is concluded that lifetime extension and finalization of Mochovce NPP Units 3 and 4 is the cheapest solution for base load production of electricity and is in line with the European union energy challenges: - decrease of carbon dioxide emissions; dependence on energy sources from politically unstable regions; decrease import dependence on energy sources. Nuclear energy is one of important sources for long term sustainability in energy. GEN IV is successful with meet the new requirements after 2025. We should participate on this long term development effort

  19. Chapter 9. Personnel qualification and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    In 1999 the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) focused on the overall training system and on developing programmes for individual categories for NPP V-1 Bohunice, NPP V-2 Bohunice, NPP Mochovce and SE-VYZ. The fundamental theoretical and periodical training for both Bohunice and Mochovce NPPs personnel, simulator training for NPP Bohunice, and periodical simulator training for Bohunice personnel is carried out by the VUJE Training center in Trnava, whereas the simulator training and periodical training for NPP Mochovce is carried at Mochovce plant. Based on a successful passing of examination before the examining committee, UJD issues, a certificate on special professional skills of selected staff of nuclear installations for specific activity for the given type of nuclear installation and for the following positions: (a)Shift manager for scientific start up with the right of manipulation; (b) Shift supervisor; (c) Unit supervisor; (d) Primary circuit operator; (e) Secondary circuit operator; (f) Reactor physicist; (g) Shift manager for scientific start up without the right of manipulation. Examination of selected personnel is described. Last year the examining committee held twelve session for oral theoretical examination. The number of licenses issued in 1999 and the total number of valid licenses is given.Conclusions from inspections carried out by UJD and inspections and tests carried out by the NPP operators in 1999, as well as results from operation and start up of nuclear units confirm that the standard of professional skills of the staff at nuclear installations a high standard of operational safety is being achieved on a permanent basis. Increasing the qualification of UJD staff was done in a form of training and courses scheduled in the plan of training for the staff for 1999. These training, composed of specialized qualification study, functional study, as well as study aimed at maintaining qualification. Training courses organized

  20. Excerpts from the introductory statement by IAEA Director General. IAEA Board of Governors, Vienna, 8 June 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ElBaradei, M.

    1998-01-01

    The document contains excerpts from the Introductory Statement made by the Director General of the IAEA at the IAEA Board of Governors on 8 June 1998. The following aspects from the Agency's activity are presented: nuclear testing, technical co-operation, programme and budget, safeguards, safeguards implementation report, Agency's involvement in safeguards verification in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), Agency's inspections in Iraq in relation to its clandestine nuclear programme, security of material, measures to strengthen international co-operation in nuclear, radiation and waste safety, study of the radiological situation at the atolls of Mururoa and Fangataufa, and Agency's role in safety assessment of the Mochovce nuclear power plant

  1. Nuclear safety in Slovak Republic. Safety analysis reports for WWER 440 reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rohar, S.

    1999-01-01

    Implementation of nuclear power program is connected to establishment of regulatory body for safe regulation of siting, construction, operation and decommissioning of nuclear installations. Licensing being one of the most important regulatory surveillance activity is based on independent regulatory review and assessment of information on nuclear safety for particular nuclear facility. Documents required to be submitted to the regulatory body by the licensee in Slovakia for the review and assessment usually named Safety Analysis Report (SAR) are presented in detail in this paper. Current status of Safety Analysis Reports for Bohunice V-1, Bohunice V-2 and Mochovce NPP is shown

  2. Irradiation Embrittlement Monitoring Programs of RPV's in the Slovak Republic NPP's

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kupca, Ludovik

    2006-01-01

    Four types of surveillance programs were (are) realized in Slovak NPP's: 'Standard Surveillance Specimen Program' (SSSP) was finished in Jaslovske Bohunice V-2 Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) Units 3 and 4, 'Extended Surveillance Specimen Program' (ESSP), was prepared for Jaslovske Bohunice NPP V-2 with aim to validate the SSSP results, For the Mochovce NPP Unit 1 and 2 was prepared completely new surveillance program 'Modern Surveillance Specimen Program' (MSSP), based on the philosophy that the results of MSSP must be available during all NPP service life, For the Bohunice V-1 NPP was finished 'New Surveillance Specimen Program' (NSSP) coordinated by IAEA, which gave arguments for prolongation of service life these units for minimum 20 years, New Advanced Surveillance Specimen Program (ASSP) for Bohunice V-2 NPP (units 3 and 4) and Mochovce NPP (units 1, 2) is approved now. ASSP is dealing with the irradiation embrittlement of heat affected zone (HAZ) and RPV's austenitic cladding, which were not evaluated till this time in surveillance programs. SSSP started in 1979 and was finished in 1990. ESSP program started in 1995 and will be finished in 2007, was prepared with aim of: increasing of neutron fluence measurement accuracy, substantial improvement the irradiation temperature measurement, fixed orientation of samples to the centre of the reactor core, minimum differences of neutron dose for all the Charpy-V notch and COD specimens, the dose rate effect evaluation. In the year 1996 was started the new surveillance specimen program for the Mochovce RPV's unit-1 and 2, based on the fundamental postulate - to provide the irradiation embrittlement monitoring till the end of units operation. The 'New Surveillance Specimen Program' (NSSP) prepared in the year 1999 for the Bohunice V-1 NPP was finished in the year 2004. Main goal of this program was to evaluate the weld material properties degradation due to the irradiation and recovery efficiency by annealing too. The

  3. Seismic effects on technological equipment and systems of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Masopust, R.; Pecinka, L.; Podrouzek, J.

    1983-01-01

    A survey is given of problems related to the construction of nuclear power plants with regard to seismic resistance. Sei--smic resistance of technological equipment is evaluated by experimental trials, calculation or the combination of both. Existing and future standards are given for the given field. The Czechoslovak situation is discussed as related to the construction of the Mochovce nuclear power plant. Procedures for testing seismic resistance, types of tests and methods of simulating seismic excitation are described. Antiseismic measures together with structural elements for limiting the seismic effects on technological equipment and nuclear power plant systems are summed up on the basis of foreign experience. (E.F.)

  4. Design works organization during the IandC system upgrading on an operating VVER power plant from the general designer's standpoint

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krepel, V.

    1997-01-01

    Two replacements of nuclear power plant instrumentation and control systems have already been implemented according to the project design of Energoprojekt: at the Mochovce WWER-440 and the Temelin WWER-1000 plants. In the present contribution the design problems encountered during the replacement are described, the causes of the problems are discussed, and a policy of organizing project design work for an instrumentation and control system replacement at an operating WWER power plant is established such as would avoid these problems. (A.K.)

  5. Internal flooding analyses results of Slovak NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sopira, Vladimir

    2000-01-01

    The assessment of the flood risk was the objective of the internal flooding analysis for NPPs Bohunice V1, V2 and Mochovce. All important flooding sources were identified. The rooms containing safety important components were analyzed from the point of view of: Integrity of flood boundaries; Capability for drainage; Flood signalisation; Flood localization and liquidation; Vulnerability of safety system component. The redundancies of safety systems are located mostly separately and no flood can endanger more than single train. It can be concluded that NPPs with WWER-440 are very safe against the flooding initiating event

  6. Containment leak-tightness enhancement at VVER 440 NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prandorfy, M.

    2000-01-01

    The hermetic compartments of WWER 440 NPPs fulfil the function of the containment used at NPPs all over the world. The purpose of the containment is to protect the NPP personnel against radioactive impact as well as to prevent radioactive leakage to the. environ ent during a lost of coolant accident. Leak-tightness enhancement in NPPs with WWER 440/213 and WWER 440/230 reactors is an important safety issue. New procedures, measures and methods were adopted at NPPs in Mochovce, Jaslovske Bohunice, Dukovany and PAKS for leak identification and sealing works performed by VUEZ Levice. (authors)

  7. Eastern Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baret, J.P.; Corcuff, A.; Jousten, M.; Cherie, J.B.; Gorge, X.; Augustin, X.; Belime, F.

    1999-01-01

    By its economical and political impact, nuclear energy has an important contribution the countries of Eastern Europe that goes beyond simple energy source. The most important challenge is to gain a safety culture. Improvements have been noted but the reactors safety must stay a priority of the international cooperation in Eastern Europe. The plan for the completion and improvement of Mochovce nuclear plant is described, the situation of Chernobyl and how to make the sarcophagus in safe is discussed, the experience of a french P.M.E. ( small and medium size firm) called Corys Tess that has chosen to position itself on the Eastern Europe nuclear market is related. (N.C.)

  8. METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES OF THE SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF POETRY (the use of semantic differentials in sociopoetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. Antonov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In sociology, literature, along with the study of the content of works of art and social characteristics of characters it is important to study the creative process. Here is an attempt to look at the poetry writing and its results through the prism of the behavioral approach on the basis of the poetry content analysis. Creation of the poem is considered as a behavioral creative process of self-actualization of creative potential, interactions of the system of requirements and social situations verbally expressed by means of language. During the framing actualized thoughts and feelings of the poet translated into poetic form. The main hypothesis is that the emotional dissonance express itself poetically. Semantic differential (SD technique provides a clue to the text. Content analysis of poems (cycles, books of separate poets through SD method could provide the understanding of similarities and differences of successive stages of the creating creative process of the same master, or explain the dissimilarity of poets compared to each other. The analysis of separate poems of Blok, Gumilev, Yesenin, Akhmatova ect. may demonstrate style features, the individual originality of each poets considered in terms of the dialectic opposition. The article discusses the possibilities of the SD method and the antonyms scales search in the author’s text in the study of the creative process, based on the characteristics of the poetry of classical Russian poet Alexander Blok.

  9. Systém řízení linky navažování hmot

    OpenAIRE

    Komárek, David

    2008-01-01

    Tato práce se zabývá problematikou navažování sypkých hmot, návrhem a realizací systému řídících a vizualizačních bloků akčních členů, které jsou v těchto systémech používány. První část obsahuje teoretický rozbor technologie navažování sypých hmot, který by měl čtenáře seznámit s touto problematikou. V druhé části je proveden návrh koncepce objektového popisu řídících a vizualizačních bloků vybraných komponent pro prostředí Step 7 a WinCC. Poslední část je věnována praktické realizaci tohoto...

  10. Case Law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-01-01

    This section treats of the following case laws sorted by country: 1 - Germany: Federal Administrative Court confirms the judgments of the Higher Administrative Court of the Land Hesse: The shutdown of nuclear power plant Biblis blocks A and B based on a 'moratorium' imposed by the Government was unlawful; List of lawsuits in the nuclear field. 2 - Slovak Republic: Further developments in cases related to the challenge by Greenpeace Slovakia to the Mochovce nuclear power plant; Developments in relation to the disclosure of information concerning the Mochovce nuclear power plant. 3 - United States: Judgment of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission resuming the licensing process for the Department of Energy's construction authorisation application for the Yucca Mountain high-level radioactive waste repository; Judgment of the Licensing Board in favour of Shaw AREVA MOX Services regarding the material control and accounting system at the proposed MOX Facility; Dismissal by US District Court Judge of lawsuit brought by US military personnel against Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) in connection with the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident

  11. Activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic and safety of nuclear facilities in the Slovak Republic in 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-01-01

    The report summarizes activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) in 1994 and briefly presents results of the national expert supervision over nuclear safety facilities in the SR in 1994. In 1994, the NRA SR have performed a national supervision of following organizations: SE, a.s. - Jaslovske Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant (V-1 Nuclear Power Plant (V-1 NPP), V-2 Nuclear Power Plant (V-2 NPP), A-1 Nuclear Power Plant (A-1 NPP)); Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant; Radioactive waste repository, Mochovce); Organizations providing a specialized training of NPP personnel; Organizations providing specific deliveries and activities for the nuclear power industry; Organizations having an owner of nuclear materials; Organizations providing activities related to import of radioactive sources; Organizations using radioactive sources. Organization structure of the NRA SR is explained. In the presented Chapter 1 - Safety of nuclear power plants in the Slovak Republic - safety aspects of the Slovak NPPs are reported. The next activities are reported: nuclear materials and safeguards; radioactive waste; emergency planning and NRA SR's control and crisis centre; international activities to improve the national surveillance quality; other activities

  12. Nuclear safety. Improvement programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    In this brochure the improvement programme of nuclear safety of the Mochovce NPP is presented in detail. In 1996, a 'Mochovce NPP Nuclear Safety Improvement Programme' was developed in the frame of unit 1 and 2 completion project. The programme has been compiled as a continuous one, with the aim to reach the highest possible safety level at the time of commissioning and to establish good preconditions for permanent safety improvement in future. Such an approach is in compliance with the world's trends of safety improvement, life-time extension, modernisation and nuclear station power increase. The basic document for development of the 'Programme' is the one titled 'Safety Issues and their Ranking for WWER 440/213 NPP' developed by a group of IAEA experts. The following organisations were selected for solution of the safety measures: EUCOM (Consortium of FRAMATOME, France, and SIEMENS, Germany); SKODA Prague, a.s.; ENERGOPROJEKT Prague, a.s. (EGP); Russian organisations associated in ATOMENERGOEXPORT; VUJE Trnava, a.s

  13. There's no Nuclear Future without the Young

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Petrech, R.; Holy, R.

    2002-01-01

    Construction of Mochovce NPP started in 1981 - i.e. more than 20 years ago, however it was halted in early 90's after velvet Revolution in former Czechoslovakia. When the (I and C) system was decided in 1989 to be replaced with a state-of-the-art system of Siemens, and it was implemented in early 1990-1, the utility lacked money for further works and building works had to be halted. We were consequently thrown in difficult public and expert debates about the nuclear future: do we really need it? Nuclear is looking for new ways to persuade the public about the need to keep nuclear as a part of the world energy mix. For experts it is clear. It has already been indicated in the Green Book - a report about the future electricity demand coverage by diverse sources made out for the EC. The role of the young people is indispensable in this process. Information campaigns are focused mostly on youngsters from the very young age whose opinions are being formed. Only a long-lasting systematic work with the youth can bring better public opinion. About 95 % of Mochovce NPP visitors are students (mostly primary and secondary schools) - that is important.(author)

  14. ESTE AI (Annual Impacts) - the program for calculation of radiation doses caused by effluents in routine releases to the atmosphere and to the hydrosphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carny, P.; Suchon, D.; Smejkalova, E.; Fabova, V.

    2008-01-01

    ESTE AI is a program for calculation of radiation doses caused by effluents in routine releases to the atmosphere and to the hydrosphere. Doses to the members of critical groups of inhabitants in the vicinity of NPP are calculated and as a result, critical group is determined. The program enables to calculate collective doses as well. Collective doses to the inhabitants living in the vicinity of the NPP are calculated. ESTE AI calculates doses to the whole population of Slovakia from the effluents of the specific plant. In this calculation, global nuclides are included and assumed, as well. The program enables to calculate and to document beyond-border radiological impacts of effluents caused by routine operation of NPP. ESTE AI was approved by the 'Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic' and is used as legal instrument by Slovenske elektrarne a.s., NPP Bohunice. (authors)

  15. Centralisation of informatics (more effective processes via using new technologies)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cocher, L.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper author deals with next problems of Slovenske elektrarne, Plc (SE): - Centralisation and optimisation of informatics management; - New technologies within Integrated Informatics System IIS-SE: presentation of preliminary Project of 2 nd generation IIS-SE; - Centralisation of the selected data processing. At the present the intensive process of restructuring is taking place in SE, Plc, focused on increasing of the effectiveness of the pursued activities. In connection with this the Informatics section solves two projects: More effective self-management and human resources; Change of Informatics system architecture from decentralised to the centralised ones with an aim to consolidate all information and to make new conditions for higher mobility. (author)

  16. SE and ENEL - One Year Together One Year after Privatization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2007-01-01

    In Bratislava, one year ago, exactly in April 28, the privatization deal of a 66% stake in Slovenske elektrarne (SE) was finally closed. The Slovak government and the Italian company ENEL signed final documents and ENEL thus definitely entered into SE. In May 2006, Miroslav Pikus, a former CEO, was replaced by Marco Arcelli, who, as a regional manager for Slovakia, had been preparing the entry of ENEL into SE since March 2005. Not only did he sometimes cook for us, in his 'kitchen' but also there were prepared 160 investment projects, e.g the improvement of nuclear safety and resistance of the Bohunice power plant, electricity sale through the so-called 'virtual power plant', ensuring a non-attended operation in hydro power plants, reconstruction and modernization of the Orava and Dobsina hydro power plants. (author)

  17. Annual report 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, plc) is presented. These activities are reported under the following headings: (1) Year in brief - major events; (2) Statement of the Chairman of the Board of directors; (3) Structure of the company; (4) Board of directors; (5) Supervisory board; (6) Shareholders; (7) Equity holdings of the company; (8) Company strategy; (9) Generation electricity and heat; (10) Trade in electricity and heat; (11) Operation of the transmission systems of the Slovak Republic; (12) Investment; (13) International co-operation; (14) Nuclear safety; (15) Environment; (16) Human resources; (17) Report on the financial statements of the company; (18) Balance sheet; (19) Auditor's report; (20) Abbreviations

  18. SE debt restructuring plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) plans to restructure one's own debts in 2003-2005. Debt restructuring plan is following: 2003: Collection of pre-payment on electricity - 60 million Euro (2.5 billion Slovak crowns), consumer unknown. Own promissory notes in total value of 100 million US$ (3.5 billion Slovak crowns) - in process. Sale of claims worth 2.4 billion Slovak crowns (57.21 million Euro) - negotiations in process. 2003/2004: Restructuring of loans payable IV. quarter 2003 and at the beginning of 2004 in value of 200 million Euro (8.3 billion Slovak crowns). Aim of SE is a new credit payable within 7 years, with instalments payable in the last two to three without any state subsidies. 2005: Loans worth 460 million Euro (189 billion Slovak crowns) will still remain. SE want to negotiate them with banks without state support

  19. Borate compound content reduction in liquid radioactive waste from nuclear power plants with VVER reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Szalo, A.; Zatkulak, M.

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes the current status of liquid waste (evaporator concentrates) inventory at V-1 and V-2 NPPs in Jaslovske Bohunice and the intention to separate boron from them with respect to waste minimisation and improvement of physical and chemical properties for further waste treatment and conditioning. Preliminary results of laboratory experiments concerned to borate crystallisation after pH adjustment with nitric or formic acid performed in the 1998 are given. At the present time laboratory experiments continuing - next acids, coagulation with carbon oxide, electrolytic process, ion exchange resin, study of decontamination factors, immobilization of boric acid, decrease radioactivity, purification of boron-contained compounds. Slovenske Elektrarne have accumulated 7,000 m 3 of evaporator concentrates containing 100-180 g/l borate. In order to make more storage space available, it is proposed to remove some of the borate in the liquor by precipitation as sodium tetraborate and immobilise in either cement of bitumen. The supernate can be further volume reduced by evaporation and returned to the tanks. Slovenske Elektrarne are currently evaluating acid addition to the pH 12-13 concentrate to reduce the borate solubility. However, this adds to the salt burden of the waste through this chemical addition -thus creating future increases in conditioning and disposal costs. Boric acid is used in pressurized water as a soluble neutron poison to control reactivity and also to assure a safety margin in the spent fuel pool and during refuelling operations. Boric acid is also present in the water reserved for injection into the reactor in the event of postulated accidents. (author)

  20. Quantitative MRI Evidence of Synovial Proliferation is Associated with Radiographic Severity of Knee Osteoarthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasnokutsky, Svetlana; Belitskaya-Lévy, Ilana; Bencardino, Jenny; Samuels, Jonathan; Attur, Mukundan; Regatte, Ravinder; Rosenthal, Pamela; Greenberg, Jeffrey; Schweitzer, Mark; Abramson, Steven B.; Rybak, Leon

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the relationships of quantitative and semi-quantitative (SQ) assessments of synovium with knee OA severity by radiographic and 3T MRI findings. Methods 58 knee OA patients underwent non-fluoroscopic fixed-flexion knee radiographs. Dynamic contrast-enhanced (CE) 3T MRI was performed pre-/post-gadolinium administration to quantify synovial volume (qSV). SQ synovial outcomes were assessed on CE and unenhanced images. Two radiologists scored X-rays using the OARSI atlas; inter-reader agreement was assessed using Kappas and concordance correlation coefficients. Multiple linear and logistic regression analysis was used to assess associations among variables while controlling the effects of age, BMI, gender and meniscal extrusion. Results KL grade, diseased compartment joint space width (dcJSW) and diseased compartment joint space narrowing (dcJSN) were significantly associated with synovial proliferation, measured as CE qSV (β = 0.78, p = 0.0001; β = -0.22, p = 0.0003; β = 0.53, p = 0.0001, respectively). Furthermore, qSV strongly correlated with total subchondral BML volume (β = 0.22, p = 0.0003). KL grade, dcJSW, and dcJSN were significantly associated with BLOKS SQ infrapatellar synovitis (OR [95%CI]: 9.05, [1.94,42.3]; 0.75 [0.54,1.03]; 2.22 [1.15,4.31], respectively) and effusion (OR [95%CI]: 5.75, [1.23,26.8]; 0.70, [0.50,0.98]; 1.96, [1.02,3.74], respectively). CE SQ synovitis also significantly associated with KL and dcJSN (β = 0.036, p = 0.0040; β = 0.015, p=0.0266, respectively), and BLOKS synovitis. Conclusion Synovitis is a characteristic feature of advancing knee OA stages, and is significantly associated with KL, JSW, JSN, and BMLs. BLOKS synovitis scoring on unenhanced MRI is associated with CE synovitis measures. PMID:21647860

  1. [Hygienic effect of landscaping in urban areas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mechkuev, R; Chuchkova, M; Kurchatova, G

    1979-01-01

    The atmospheric environment in two blocks of flats with different degree of gardens and parks lain out and in a town park in Sofia was studied by the basic physical, chemical and physiologic parameters. The results give grounds to admit that laying out gardens and parks in urban zones contributes to the creation of definite, qualitatively and quantitatively different housing environment: a more favourable temperature-and-moisture, radiation - thermal and biologicaly active regime. The physiologic state of residents, looking for recreation in these places, was better in an environment of ample verdure. Laying out gardens and parks should gain wider acceptance in the urbanization of bloks of flats, since it is an effective means of improving the hygienic merits of housing environment.

  2. Geostatistical evaluation of travel time uncertainties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Devary, J.L.

    1983-08-01

    Data on potentiometric head and hydraulic conductivity, gathered from the Wolfcamp Formation of the Permian System, have exhibited tremendous spatial variability as a result of heterogeneities in the media and the presence of petroleum and natural gas deposits. Geostatistical data analysis and error propagation techniques (kriging and conditional simulation) were applied to determine the effect of potentiometric head uncertainties on radionuclide travel paths and travel times through the Wolfcamp Formation. Blok-average kriging was utilized to remove measurement error from potentiometric head data. The travel time calculations have been enhanced by the use of an inverse technique to determine the relative hydraulic conductivity along travel paths. In this way, the spatial variability of the hydraulic conductivity corresponding to streamline convergence and divergence may be included in the analysis. 22 references, 11 figures, 1 table

  3. Návrh zobecněného LCD řadiče

    OpenAIRE

    Hornung, Tomáš

    2009-01-01

    Diplomová práce se zabývá principem řízení a činnosti LCD displejů. Jsou zde popsány různé typy LCD displejů a způsob jejich ovládání, a také obecný popis bloků řadiče LCD displeje. Jejich implementace v jazyce VHDL a popis výsledků simulace a realizace tohoto řadiče na platformě FITkit. The master thesis deals with controlling and function principles of LCDs. Various LCD types are described, as well as means of control and generic description of LCD controller function blocks. They are im...

  4. Analisis Kematangan Implementasi Internet Protocol versi 6 (IPv6 di Indonesia dengan Interim Maturity Level (IML

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riza Azmi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cepat atau lambat, IPv6 akan menggantikan IPv4 dalam penomoran internet. Hal ini dikarenakan IANA telah mengalokasikan blok IPv4 terakhirnya pada Januari 2011 lalu. Pesatnya permintaan terhadap IP ini dikarenakan boomingnya .com sejak tahun 2000. Dengan habisnya IPv4, terdapat beberapa metode untuk melakukan migrasi ke peenomoran baru IPv6. Terkait dengan hal tersebut, penelitian ini mencoba mengukur tingkat kematangan beberapa penyelenggara jasa internet di Indonesia dalam hal implementasi IPv6 dengan menggunakan konsep Capability Maturity Model for IPv6 Implementation. Metode assesmen yang dilakukan dengan Interim Maturity Level, yaitu dengan memberikan seperangkat pertanyaan yang diisi sendiri oleh penyelenggara jasa internet. Hasil yang didapat adalah, sebagian besar penyelenggara internet masih berada pada Level 2 – Savvy.

  5. PERBANDINGAN BIT ERROR RATE KODE REED-SOLOMON DENGAN KODE BOSE-CHAUDHURI-HOCQUENGHEM MENGGUNAKAN MODULASI 32-FSK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Yovita Dwi Utami

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Kode Reed-Solomon (RS dan kode Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem (BCH merupakan kode pengoreksi error yang termasuk dalam jenis kode blok siklis. Kode pengoreksi error diperlukan pada sistem komunikasi untuk memperkecil error pada informasi yang dikirimkan. Dalam makalah ini, disajikan hasil penelitian kinerja BER sistem komunikasi yang menggunakan kode RS, kode BCH, dan sistem yang tidak menggunakan kode RS dan kode BCH, menggunakan modulasi 32-FSK pada kanal Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN, Rayleigh dan Rician. Kemampuan memperkecil error diukur menggunakan nilai Bit Error Rate (BER yang dihasilkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kode RS seiring dengan penambahan nilai SNR, menurunkan nilai BER yang lebih curam bila dibandingkan sistem dengan kode BCH. Sedangkan kode BCH memberikan keunggulan saat SNR bernilai kecil, memiliki BER lebih baik daripada sistem dengan kode RS.

  6. On when a Semantics is not a Good Semantics: the Algebraisation of Orthomodular Logic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalski, Tomasz; Paoli, Francesco; Giuntini, Roberto

    It has been taken for granted for a long time that orthomodular lattices are the "algebraic counterpart" of orthomodular quantum logic. Pavičic and Megill have questioned this claim by pointing out that orthomodular quantum logic is sound and complete with respect to a proper supervariety of the variety OML of orthomodular lattices (the so-called weakly orthomodular lattices). The same authors conclude that "in the syntactical structure of quantum logic there is nothing orthomodular". After reviewing in a certain detail some concepts from Abstract Algebraic Logic, especially Blok and Pigozzi's theory of algebraisable logics, we argue that the weakly orthomodular semantics introduced by Pavičic and Megill is not a good semantics, and that the role of OML as an algebraic counterpart of quantum logic is unaffected by their allegations.

  7. POTENSI ALELOPAT DAUN PINUS (Pinus spp. SEBAGAI BIOHERBISIDA PRA TUMBUH PADA GULMA KROKOT (Portulaca oleracea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutfy Ditya Cahyanti

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this experiment was to study the effectof pine leaf as allelophaty on purslane germination. Theexperiment were conducted at screen house Departmentof Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Science, BrawijayaUniversity. The research is experimental design by nonfactorial Completely Randomized Blok Design, with threereplications, consisted of eleven levels. Purslane seeds sprout with control treatment, signifi cantly different from seedssprout ability in treatment solution leaves Pinus merkusii 2000ppm, and solution leaves of P. longaeva 2000 ppm. The resultshowed that 2000 ppm of P. merkusii extraction signifi cantlysuppressed 46% of purslane germination whereas 2000 ppmPinus longeava extraction signifi cantly suppressed of 41%campared to without any treatments (control.

  8. Chapter 8: Quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    The main efforts of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) have been focused on inspection of quality assurance programmes of Slovak Power Stations, plc. and its daughter companies at Bohunice and Mochovce. Two quality assurance inspections in the area of periodical in service inspections (V-2 units) and tests of selected equipment (NPP V-2 units) and operation control (V-1 units) has been performed at NPPs Bohunice. One violation of decree on quality assurance of selected equipment has been found in the area of documentation archiving. The inspection concerning the implementation of quality assurance programme for operation of NPP Mochovce in the area of operation control has been performed focused on safety aspects of operation, operational procedures, control of operational events and feedback from operational experience. The results of this inspection were positive. Inspection of implementation of quality assurance programme for operation of radioactive waste repository (RU RAW) at the Mochovce location has been performed focused on receiving of containers, with radioactive wastes, containers handling, radiation monitoring, activities of documentation control and radiation protection at the repository site. No serious deficiencies have been found out. Also one inspection of experimental nuclear installations of VUJE Trnava at Jaslovske Bohunice site has been performed focused on procurement control, quality audits, documentation and quality records control when performing activities at experimental nuclear installations. The activity on development of internal quality assurance system continued. The implementation of this system will assure quality and effective fulfilment enlarged tasks of UJD with limited resources for its activity. The analyses of possible use of existing internal administrative control documentation as a basis for future quality system procedures was performed in co-operation with an external specialised organisation. The

  9. Chapter No.5. Nuclear materials and physical protection of nuclear installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    The State System of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material (SSAC) is based on requirements resulting from the Safeguards Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the IAEA. UJD performs this activity according to the 'Atomic Act' and relevant decree. The purpose of the SSAC is also to prevent unauthorised use of nuclear materials, to detect loses of nuclear materials and provide information that could lead to the recovery of missing material. The main part of nuclear materials under jurisdiction of the Slovak Republic is located at NPP Jaslovske Bohunice, NPP Mochovce and at interim storage in Jaslovske Bohunice. Even though that there are located more then 99% of nuclear materials in these nuclear facilities, there are not any significant problems with their accountancy and control due to very simply identification of accountancy units - fuel assemblies, and due to stability of legal subjects responsible for operation and for keeping of information continuity, which is necessary for fulfilling requirements of the Agreement. The nuclear material located outside nuclear facilities is a special category. There are 81 such subjects of different types and orientations on the territory of the Slovak Republic. These subjects use mainly depleted uranium as a shielding and small quantity of natural uranium, low enrichment uranium and thorium for experimental purposes and education. Frequent changes of these subjects, their transformations into the other subjects, extinction and very high fluctuation of employees causes loss of information about nuclear materials and creates problems with fulfilling requirements resulting from the Agreement. In 2001, the UJD carried out 51 inspections of nuclear materials, of which 31 inspections were performed at nuclear installations in co-operation with the IAEA inspectors. No discrepancies concerning the management of nuclear materials were found out during inspections and safeguards goals in year 2001 were

  10. Turbine disintegration debris

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holecek, M.; Martinec, P.; Malotin, V.; Peleska, P.; Voldrich, J.

    1997-01-01

    The determination, evaluation and analysis of possible unacceptable consequences of the disintegration turbine (turbo-set) missiles is a part of the wide conceived project put by the company Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce (NPPM), the Slovak Republic. The aim of the project is to take measures reducing the probability of striking a target of safety importance in NPPM by a turbine (turbo-set) missile below the prescribed limit of 10 -6 per turbine year. Following the IAEA Safety Guides, all potential events leading to the generation of a missile are to be analysed. It is necessary to evaluate the probability of unacceptable consequences of such missiles and analyse each event whose probability is not acceptable low. This complex problem thus carries especially: complex analysis of fragment generation; evaluation of the probability of unacceptable events; location of strike zones of possible turbine missiles; assessment the possibility of the turbo-set casing penetration; and projection of additional design requirements if necessary

  11. VUJE Trnava, Inc. - Engineering, Design and Research Organisation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    This CD is multimedia presentation of programme safety upgrading of Bohunice V1 NPP. This chapter contains information about VUJE: It consists of next parts: (1) From VUJE history (1977-2001); (2) Human resources (Development of staff; Structure of employees 1999); (3) VUJE activities: (Diagnostics; Nuclear safety; Radiation safety; Commissioning and operation; Personnel training; Information technology; Electric grids; Conventional power); (4) Significant projects of VUJE are presented: Gradual reconstruction with safety upgrading of the V1 Bohunice nuclear power plant; Modernization of the V2 Bohunice NPP; Completion of the Republic Repository of Radioactive Wastes in Mochovce; Decommissioning of the A1 NPP Bohunice; Development of simulators; Physical and power commissioning of NPPs; Construction of high voltage line Varin - Sucany

  12. Review of selected contributions of the conference 'Project control in quality management systems'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-04-01

    There were 12 contributions presented of the conference focused on the project management in quality management systems. Contributions were focused both on theoretical problems from the project management area and on the applications in practice in management systems implementation in accordance with the standards: STN EN ISO 9001:2000, STN EN ISO 14 001:2005, and OHSAS 18 001:1999. One contribution was focused on the project management in the project of preparation of finishing of the building of the Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce of 3. and 4. block and one contribution was focused on the amendment of the Atomic Act or on the preparation of the new Atomic Act with regard to duty of transposition of the Directive of the Council 2006/117/Euratom on control and supervision of the overseas transportations of radioactive waste and nuclear fuel burnt-up into legislation of the Slovak Republic

  13. Technical support and emergency centre

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bohun, L.; Kapisovsk y, M.

    1997-01-01

    This paper presents technical support and emergency management center which will be on two places: Mochovce NPP Emergency Centre (Technical support center and Support working center) and Reserve Emergency Centre in Levice (Reserve emergency center and Environmental Evaluation Center). The main aims of the emergency management centers are: the management and coordination of all persons and organisations; provision of the all information needed to evaluation of the accident and its mitigation; continuous evaluation of the potential or real radiological consequences; taking measure for an early notification of the governmental bodies and the organizations, warning and protection of the public; and other aims. In the next part the data for technical support and emergency centre are discussed

  14. Irradiation embrittlement monitoring programmes in the Slovak Republic Nuclear Power Plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kupca, L.

    2002-01-01

    The main results achieved from the irradiation embrittlement monitoring programmes application on the RPV's WWER-440 in the Slovak Republic are presented in the paper. Four types of surveillance programmes were (are) realized in Slovak NPP's: 1) In Jaslovske Bohunice V-2 NPP (Units 3 and 4), the original 'Standard Surveillance Specimen Program' (SSSP) was finished; 2) 'Extended Surveillance Specimen Program' (ESSP), which is in progress now, was prepared with aim to validate the SSSP results; 3) For the Mochovce NPP Unit 1 and 2 new surveillance program 'Modern Surveillance Specimen Program' (MSSPI was completely prepared; 4) For the Bohunice V-1 NPP, 'New Surveillance Specimen Program' which is coordinated by IAEA, was prepared and is under realization. Schedule of the SSP mentioned above and the planned activities in the future are presented in this paper too. (author)

  15. A potention of renewable energy sources in Slovakia in term of production of electricity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Štefan Kuzevič

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Electro-energetics of Slovak Republic is in this time in state of re-structuralization consequent from responsibilities which SR has with integration to the EU and on the other hand with actual status of production capacities of fossil fuels using in heat power stations and heat stations also the utilization of nuclear energy in nuclear power stations Jaslovské Bohunice and Mochovce. Paradoxically slim representation in production capacities have renewable energy sources, while only one relevant one is utilization of water in small hydro power stations. According to fact, that to the year 2010, the share of renewable sources of energy using in comparing with electric energy has to achieve 21,7% (direction of EU 77/2001. It is necessary to evaluate possibilities of utilization and to specify potential of utilization from technical and economical aspect.

  16. Support calculations for management of PRISE leakage accidents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matejovic, P.; Vranka, L. [Nuclear Power Plants Research Inst. Vuje, Trnava (Slovakia)

    1997-12-31

    Accidents involving primary-to-secondary leakage (PRISE) caused by rupture of one or a few tubes are well known design basis events in both, western and VVER NPPs. Operating experience and in-service inspections of VVER-440 units have demonstrated also the potential for large PRISE leaks in the case of the steam generator (SG) primary collector cover lift-up (Rovno NPP). Without performing any countermeasure for limitation of SG collector cover lift-up, a full opening results in PRISE leak with an equivalent diameter 107 mm. Although this accident was not considered in the original design, this event is usually analysed as DBA too. Different means are available for detection and mitigation of PRISE leakage in NPPs currently in operation (J.Bohunice V-1 and V-2) or under construction (Mochovce) in Slovakia. 8 refs.

  17. Final Treatment Center Project for Liquid and Wet Radioactive Waste in Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kravarik, K.; Stubna, M.; Pekar, A.; Krajc, T.; Zatkulak, M.; Holicka, Z.; Slezak, M.

    2006-01-01

    The Final Treatment Center (FTC) for Mochovce nuclear power plant (NPP) is designed for treatment and final conditioning of radioactive liquid and wet waste produced from plant operation. Mochovce NNP uses a Russian VVER-440 type reactor. Treated wastes comprise radioactive concentrates, spent resin and sludge. VUJE Inc. as an experienced company in field of treatment of radioactive waste in Slovakia has been chosen as main contractor for technological part of FTC. This paper describes the capacity, flow chart, overall waste flow and parameters of the main components in the FTC. The initial project was submitted for approval to the Slovak Electric plc. in 2003. The design and manufacture of main components were performed in 2004 and 2005. FTC construction work started early in 2004. Initial non-radioactive testing of the system is planned for summer 2006 and then radioactive tests are to be followed. A one-year trial operation of facility is planned for completion in 2007. SE - VYZ will be operates the FTC during trial operation and after its completion. SE - VYZ is subsidiary company of Slovak Electric plc. and it is responsible for treatment with radioactive waste and spent fuel in the Slovak republic. SE - VYZ has, besides of other significant experience with operation of Jaslovske Bohunice Treatment Centre. The overall capacity of the FTC is 870 m 3 /year of concentrates and 40 m 3 /year of spent resin and sludge. Bituminization and cementation were provided as main technologies for treatment of these wastes. Treatment of concentrate is performed by bituminization. Concentrate and bitumen are metered into a thin film evaporator with rotating wiping blades. Surplus water is evaporated and concentrate salts are embedded in bitumen. Bitumen product is discharged into 200 l steel drums. Spent resin and sludge are decanted, dried and mixed with bitumen. These mixtures are also discharged into 200 l steel drums. Drums are moved along bituminization line on a roller

  18. Effect of friction on static and dynamic behavior of piping systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rejent, B.; Kosek, Z.

    1987-01-01

    As concerns the Mochovce and Temelin nuclear power plants, the construction of piping systems must not only meet the conditions of static strength but also of seismic resistance. Friction forces in the supports of piping systems are high and substantially change the character of deformations and the level of real strain in the system. In view of the fact that problems relating to significant friction have not as yet been resolved even in the statics and dynamics of machines and structures, a simplified specific technical solution is devised for the solution of the said technical problem. The soution consists in reducing resistance by mounting the horizontal tubing paths on pairs of material which are permissible with regard to static load capacity and also provide seismic resistance. The limits are determined of the coefficient of friction in the supports which with sufficient safety meet the seismic conditions of the Czechoslovak territory. (Z.M.). 8 figs., 10 refs

  19. Seismic problems of thin-walled piping for technologically important water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rejent, B.; Kosek, Z.

    1989-01-01

    The results of theoretical, calculation and experimental work associated with the problems of seismic stress of pipings with technologically important water at the Mochovce and Temelin nuclear power plants are discussed. The inner diameter of the piping is 500 to 1600 mm, wall thickness 8 to 12 mm; it is subject to vigorous corrosion, which at the Temelin power plant attains a value of 4.5 mm by the end of the service life (30 years). Discussed are the results of the static strength calculations, of experimental investigation of the properties of the friction pair in the push fit of the piping and of static examination of the loading capacity of the piping shell in the points of the supports. From the earthquake resistance aspect, attention is paid particularly to the vibro-isolation of the piping systems by virtue of friction in the supports. (Z.M.). 11 figs., 6 refs

  20. Further development of the Dynamic Control Assemblies Worth Measurement Method for Advanced Reactivity Computers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Petenyi, V.; Strmensky, C.; Jagrik, J.; Minarcin, M.; Sarvaic, I.

    2005-01-01

    The dynamic control assemblies worth measurement technique is a quick method for validation of predicted control assemblies worth. The dynamic control assemblies worth measurement utilize space-time corrections for the measured out of core ionization chamber readings calculated by DYN 3D computer code. The space-time correction arising from the prompt neutron density redistribution in the measured ionization chamber reading can be directly applied in the advanced reactivity computer. The second correction concerning the difference of spatial distribution of delayed neutrons can be calculated by simulation the measurement procedure by dynamic version of the DYN 3D code. In the paper some results of dynamic control assemblies worth measurement applied for NPP Mochovce are presented (Authors)

  1. Behaviour of Aluminosilicate Inorganic Matrix Sial During and After Solidification of Radioactive Sludge And Radioactive Spent Resins and Their Mixtures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lichvar, P.; Rozloznik, M.; Sekely, S.

    2013-01-01

    SIAL matrix is the product of inorganic compounds by polycondensation. The inorganic SIAL matrix was subject of study from the atomic level to the level of technological application. Infrared spectroscopy measurement and X-ray analysis confirmed that SIAL matrix is mostly formed by amorphous phase. This satisfies the required criteria for disposal of immobilized radioactive waste of appropriate properties into surface repository (Slovak and Czech Republic). First of all, leaching of radioactive nuclide Cs-137 and compressive strength of the final product were found. Various remotely operated devices have been designed, manufactured and successfully used for the radioactive sludge and sludge/resins mixture solidification at the Nuclear power plant (NPP) A-1, V-2 in Jaslovske Bohunice, at Mochovce NPP (Slovak Republic), at Dukovany NPP and at Temelin NPP (Czech Republic). The SIAL matrix was approved for waste package for sludge/resins mixture by the Slovak and Czech Nuclear Regulatory Authorities. (author)

  2. Treatment and conditioning of solid and liquid raw

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jakubec, R.

    2015-01-01

    Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s. (JAVYS) implements activities within the processes of treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste (RAW) at two nuclear facilities, one of them located in Bohunice - Technologies for treatment and conditioning of RAW. This nuclear facility includes: Bohunice RAW treatment centre, bituminization lines, waste water purification station and technologies for sorting, fragmentation and decontamination of metallic RAW. The Bohunice RAW treatment centre (BRTC) in Bohunice processes and conditions liquid and solid radioactive waste produced during the A1 NPP and V1 NPP decommissioning, waste from the operation of V2 NPP in Bohunice as well as from the operation of NPP EMO 1,2 in Mochovce. The BRTC includes the following technological facilities: sorting, high-pressure compaction, incineration, concentration and cementation. Treatment of radioactive wastes in the BRTC is described. (authors)

  3. Results and discussion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    The author deals with the experimental study of sorption, desorption and vertical migration of radionuclides in Sr-85 and Cs-137 in selected soil samples from around of NPP Bohunice and NPP Mochovce and other localities of the Slovakia. The influence of different materials [concurrent ions (K + , Ca 2+ , NH 4 + , pH), organic matter (peat) and zeolite, humidity] on kinetic of sorption and desorption of strontium and cesium as well as distribution coefficient (K D ) and transfer coefficients in followed samples of soils were followed. Obtained adsorption isotherm are presented and discussed. Using the Tessiere's sequential extraction analysis a gross variability in binding of radionuclides on soils was found. The obtained results were processed with the correlation analysis and the compartment model

  4. Regulation of radioactive waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    This bulletin contains information about activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD). In this leaflet the regulation of radioactive waste management of the UJD are presented. Radioactive waste (RAW) is the gaseous, liquid or solid material that contains or is contaminated with radionuclides at concentrations or activities greater than clearance levels and for which no use is foreseen. The classification of radioactive waste on the basis of type and activity level is: - transition waste; - short lived low and intermediate level waste (LlLW-SL); - long lived low and intermediate level waste (LlLW-LL); - high level waste. Waste management (in accordance with Act 130/98 Coll.) involves collection, sorting, treatment, conditioning, transport and disposal of radioactive waste originated by nuclear facilities and conditioning, transport to repository and disposal of other radioactive waste (originated during medical, research and industrial use of radioactive sources). The final goal of radioactive waste management is RAW isolation using a system of engineered and natural barriers to protect population and environment. Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic regulates radioactive waste management in accordance with Act 130/98 Coll. Inspectors regularly inspect and evaluate how the requirements for nuclear safety at nuclear facilities are fulfilled. On the basis of safety documentation evaluation, UJD issued permission for operation of four radioactive waste management facilities. Nuclear facility 'Technologies for treatment and conditioning contains bituminization plants and Bohunice conditioning centre with sorting, fragmentation, evaporation, incineration, supercompaction and cementation. Final product is waste package (Fibre reinforced container with solidified waste) acceptable for near surface repository in Mochovce. Republic repository in Mochovce is built for disposal of short lived low and intermediate level waste. Next

  5. RAMOS - the radiation monitoring system of the Umweltforschungsinstitut Global 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Exler, M.; Schmittner, W.

    2001-01-01

    The radiation early warning system RAMOS (radiation monitoring system) measures the radioactivity of the areas surrounding nuclear technical facilities (at present, around the Nuclear Power Plants Dukovany and Mochovce). Measurements are taken with Gamma-radiation devices of the type RS 03/X by the firm BITT- Technology. These devices are measuring equipment of the type Proportion-count tube with a detection range of 10 nSv/h to 10 Sv/h. The measuring stations consist of this Gamma measuring equipment, a personal computer with modem, back-up electricity devices and meteorological measuring devices. Six such measuring stations surrounding the facility comprise a complete measuring ring. The values are measured each minute. Considering the normal fluctuation in radiation measurements due to geology and weather conditions and the average background radiation, a certain alarm threshold is defined (on all stations this threshold is under 230 nSv/h). If this threshold is breached, immediately the data is transmitted through telephone lines and is received by the central office. Because of the short reaction time and low threshold, valuable time is gained for an emergency response by government agencies and the population. Official warning of the government agencies occurs after fulfilling the commendation of the Austrian Radiation Protection Commission. In the continued measurements from the end of 1994 to 2000 at NPP Dukovany and continuous measurements from NPP Mochovce from mid-1999 to the end of 2000, there was not a detection of dangerous levels of radiation were released into the atmosphere. After close examination of the measured data, different types of fluctuations could be observed - such as during the day-time period and short-term peaks after rain-fall. Detailed knowledge about trends in these fluctuations, allows an easier continual evaluation of a potential accident. The measured data is given to the public in graphic form every month via the Internet

  6. Chapter 12. Public information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    In 1999 there were 83 contributions on both national and foreign activities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) send to the Press agencies of Slovakia, dailies and electronic media. UJD, together with State Office for Nuclear Safety of the Czech Republic, is a publisher of a professional journal 'Safety of Nuclear Energy', which publishes principal articles about main activities of UJD. The double issue 3/4 (1999) was dedicated to the process of start up of Unit 1 of Mochovce. In 'Public administration' there were 2 principal articles published in 1999 on legislative activities of UJD. Contributions about the regulatory activities and the international co-operation of UJD are regularly published in the 'SE Newsletter', and in company journals of 'Mochovce' and 'Bohunice'. National and foreign activities of UJD were published in 3 issues of 'Bulletin of the Slovak Nuclear Society (SNUS)'. This year also the report on safety of nuclear installations of SR was published in the journal of 'European Nuclear Society - Nuclear Europe Worldscan'. For the world information agency, NucNet, there were 4 contributions prepared focusing on both national and foreign activity of UJD. Information material on INES was was prepared and published for the public. In 1999 there were 4 press conferences held at UJD with a follow up presentation of the management of UJD on television and in the radio broadcasting. Officials of UJD had 7 presentations on television and gave 6 interviews for Slovak Radio Broadcasting and for magazines and daily 5 significant interviews. In 1999 a vide-clip was produced for public purposes on the SWISSSLOVAK project. In Bern, Switzerland a very successful press conference was held with the participation of the UJD chairman. The UJD 3 Bulletins prepared and published on national and foreign activities of UJD

  7. Mathematical simulation of gas pressure in fibre-reinforced concrete container at radiation and biological decomposition of cellulose, bituminized and concrete radwastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuruc, J.; Kvito, P.

    2005-01-01

    Fibre-reinforced concrete container (FRCC) are used for long-time repository of radioactive wastes. Low- and middle-active radwastes from operation of the NPPs V-1, V-2 Jaslovske Bohunice, Mochovce NPP and from decommissioned NPP A-1 (Jaslovske Bohunice) are treated in the plant SE-VYZ in Jaslovske Bohunice and after immobilisation are deposited in National Radwaste Repository Mochovce (RU RAO). After filling of the RU RAO, FRCC will be stored during 300 years. During this time the integrity of the FRCC must be guaranteed. By the influence of autoradiolysis of the cellulose and bituminized radwastes as well as in cement grout the gases are formed, mainly the hydrogen, methane and carbon dioxide. In the case of presence of available water (a w ≥ 0.63) and in presence of microbes and moulds at appropriate conditions the biological decomposition of cellulose materials may proceed with formation of H 2 , CH 4 a CO 2 . With increasing of developed gases may increase pressure in FRCC, that may initiate the loss of integrity of the FRCC with following endangering of radiation safety of the RU RAO, respectively of the territory over the repository.Authors developed the new mathematical model of pressure of gases in FRCC and in deposited barrels with cellulose and bituminized radwastes. The mathematical model is based on biological decomposition of cellulose materials as well as on radiation decomposition of cellulose, bitumen and concrete. In this mathematical model the diffusion through the walls of FRCC is the main process responsible for decreasing of the pressure. This model was developed in two basic variants: (1) Mathematical model of gas pressure in FRCC as function of dose; (2) Mathematical model of gas pressure in FRCC as function of mass of cellulose

  8. ANALISIS PENGARUH IRADIASI FLUENS NEUTRON CEPAT TERHADAP BERILIUM REFLEKTOR REAKTOR RSG-GAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Kuntjoro

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan analisis iradiasi fluens neutron cepat terhadap berilium reflektor reaktor RSG-GAS. Analisis dilakukan dengan cara melakukan pengukuran fluks neutron di posisi berilium elemen dan berilium blok yang berfungsi sebagai reflector. Selanjutnya dilakukan perhitungan untuk menentukan apakah ada pengaruh fluens neutron selama berilium berada di teras reaktor. Selain cara tersebut dilakukan pula visualisasi untuk memastikan ada tidaknya deformasi pada berilium akibat iradiasi. Hasil pengukuran fluks dan fluens neutron cepat maksimal pada daya 200 kW untuk berilium elemen posisi E-2 sebesar 2,30E+07 n/cm2s dan 4,19E+17 n/cm2, J-8 sebesar 3,70E+07 n/cm2s dan 6,74E+17 n/cm2. Hasil pengukutan pada posisi B-3 sebesar 2,19E+12 n/cm2s dan 3,99E+22 n/cm2, G-10 sebesar 2,12E+12 n/cm2s dan 3,86E+22 n/cm2, serta berilium blok posisi (5-6 sebesar 5,02E+07 n/cm2s dan 9,15E+17 n/cm2, (C-D sebesar 2,32E+07 n/cm2s dan 4,23E+17 n/cm2. Deformasi yang diperoleh untuk berilium elemen (∆L/L posisi E-2 sebesar 1,12E-08, J-8 sebesar 1,84E-08, B-3 sebesar 1,60E-03, posisi G-10 sebesar 1,55E-03, sedangkan pada berilium blok di posisi 5-6 sebesar 2,52E-08 dan C-D sebesar 1,13E-08. Dari hasil ini disimpulkan tidak terjadi deformasi pada berilium elemen dan berilium blok. Hasil ini dibuktikan pula dari pengamatan visual, dimana tidak terlihat adanya deformasi pada berilium tersebut. Kata kunci : fluks, fluens, berilium elemen, berilium blok   Analysis of influence fast neutron fluence irradiated to the RSG-GAS beryllium reflector have been done. Methods of analysis was carried out by measuring fluxs neutron in beryllium element and block positio that function as reflector. The calculation done for determination it is there any influence of neutron as long as beryllium in the core. Bisede that, visualization done to make sure it there is any deformation at beryllium as efect of irradiation. Fluxs and fluences of beryllium element measurement result in 200 k

  9. The later investment starts, the more expensive it will be

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcan, P.; Slovak, K.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper the interview with Martin Roman, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Czech Energy Group, CEZ is published. Most important parts of this interview is there presented. M. Roman considers windmills and other renewable energy sources are viable, but they will not save the energy sector. According to the director of one of the largest Central European companies, concerns about a shortage of electricity are unreasonable. Nevertheless, the later the investment starts, the more expensive it will be. CEZ continues to look to the Balkans and Russia, but in addition to a power plant to be built in cooperation with Slovnaft, it can also see room for investment in Slovakia? You are preparing the upgrading? of your coal burning plants in the Czech Republic. In terms of emissions, coal is the worst alternative. Do you expect the cancellation of the EU emissions trading scheme after 2012? We believe that emissions trading will also exist after 2012. The scheme may be even stricter that today. We believe that in the future it may be even more finance-consuming for the companies. We have the advantage that the power plants being upgraded are located directly at the source of high quality black coal. The calculations are satisfactory and therefore it will be profitable for us. Wouldn't gas be a cleaner and cheaper alternative? We deal with gas as well, but coal came first as it is simpler for us. The power plants already exist and we don't need any extra permission. To put it simply, it is easier to renew an existing power plant than to build a completely new one? Is the strict attitude of the Slovak government towards Slovenske elektrarne helpful to you and other competitors? Certainly, each government exerts tough pressure on the company that controls the major part of the market? CEZ is a similar giant that even controls the distribution? But in the Czech Republic we do not have such a share of production as Slovenske elektrarne in Slovakia

  10. UJI DIAGNOSTIK SEDIAAN POTONG BEKU TUMOR PAYUDARA DI LABORATORIUM PATOLOGI ANATOMI PADANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aswiyanti Asri

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKanker payudara menempati urutan pertama tumor ganas pada wanita di Sumatera Barat dan merupakan penyebab kematian sebanyak 1.41% dari total kematian. Pemeriksaan potong beku menjadi salah satu pilihan dalam menegakkan diagnosis tumor payudara karena cepat dan akurasi yang cukup tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui akurasi sediaan potong beku pada tumor payudara yang didiagnosis di Laboratorium Patologi Anatomi di Padang, dengan konfirmasi histopatologi (blok parafin. Sebanyak 72 kasus tumor payudara yang dilakukan pemeriksaan potong beku, dikumpulkan dari laboratorium Patologi Anatomi RSUP Dr. M. Djamil dan RS Siti Rahmah Padang dari 1 Januari 2010 sampai dengan 31 Desember 2012. Data berupa hasil pemeriksaan potong beku dan histopatologi (blok parafin dicatat, diolah dan dilakukan uji diagnostik dengan tabel kontingensi 2x2, kemudian dilakukan penghitungan sensitivitas, spesifisitas, nilai prediksi positif, nilai prediksi negatif, dan akurasi. Hasil uji diagnostik potong beku terhadap histopatologi pada kasus tumor payudara didapatkan sensitivitas 100%, spesifisitas 95,65%, nilai prediksi positif 98%, nilai prediksi negatif 100%, akurasi 98.6%. Pemeriksaan potong beku sangat sensitif dan spesifik yang sangat bermanfaat untuk diagnosis tumor payudara yang cepat dan akurat.AbstractBreast cancer is the most common cancer among female in West Sumatera and cause of 1.41% of the death. Frozen section examination of breast has been used as a diagnostic procedure because this method need less time and have high level of accuracy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of frozen section examination with histopathologic confirmation.The study has been done retrospectively in 72 samples of breast tumor at the Anatomic Pathology of Dr.M.Djamil Public Hospital and Siti Rahmah Hospital Padang from January 1, 2008 to December 3, 2012. The result of frozen section and histopathology examination was collected and analyzed for

  11. Effective policy for sustainable behavior. An international comparison; Effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag. Een internationale vergelijking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunsting, S.; Uyterlinde, M.; Pol, M. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands); Breukers, S.; Mourik, R.; Backhaus, J.; Mathijsen, T. [DuneWorks, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2013-07-15

    perspectief geanalyseerd zijn. De bestudeerde thema's en de te analyseren beleidscases: Huishoudelijk energiegebruik: Blok voor blok/ Meer met Minder en energielabels voor woningen en huishoudelijke apparaten; Voedselconsumptie: smaaklessen en stadslandbouw; Persoonlijke mobiliteit: het nieuwe rijden en mobiliteitsmanagement (spitsmijden Noord-Brabant); Huishoudelijk afval: Plastic Heros en Diftar (gedifferentieerde afvaltarieven). Dit rapport is de thematische vergelijking voor Nederland, Duitsland, Sweden en het Verenigd Koninkrijk.

  12. SMALL-SIGNAL ANALYZING OF SEPARATELY EXCITED DC MOTOR FED DC - DC CHOPPER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İSMAİL COŞKUN

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Choppers are widely used in order to get smooth speed characteristics of DC motors. If the load or input voltage is changed, a feedback control technique is used to get the constant speed. To design the proper feedback control, the transfer function of the chopper-motor combination should be kno\\vn. ln this study, the effort was given to obtain the general black diagram, inciurling the field current and aı1na ture current of chopper-fed DC motor. It can be seen from the black diagram that the chopper circuit modifies the transfer function of the DC motor. DC-DC DARBEL E YİCİ iLE YABANCI UYARTIMLI DC KÜÇÜK SİNY AL ANALİZİ ÖZET BESLENEN MOT O RUN DC motorlardan düzgün bir hız karakteristiği elde etmek için darbeleyiciler çok kullamlır. Eğer yük ya da giriş gerilimi de ği şirse, sabit hız elde etmek için geribeslemeli kontrol tekniği kuJlanılır. Uygun bir geribesleme kontrolu tasarlamak iç� darbeliyici-motor kombinasy onunun transfer fonksiyonu bilinmelidir. -Bu çalışma da, darbeleyici ile beslenen DC motorun alan akımı ve endüvi akımını da kapsayan genel blok diyağraınını elde etıııek için çaba gösterilmiştir. Blok diyagramından görülebilec eği gibi, darbeleyici devresi DC motorun tra nsfer fonksiyonunu değiştirmektedir. I. INTRODUCTI ON Choppers are widely used for speed control of DC separately excited motors as they offer high efficiency, quick response, wide speed control range and regeneration down to very low speeds [ 1] . All chopper circuits can be classified into two groups. (a Load ind ependent choppers� in which the output voltage waveform is either a square wave or can be approximated by a square \\vave. (b Load dependent choppers, in which charging of the commutating capacitor is govemed by load current. In such cases, the output voltage wavefoım is neither a square wave nor can be approximated by a square wave. Various methods of analyzing of DC motors fed by a chopper with

  13. It's done... or the unmanned operation in hydro power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chudy, M.

    2009-01-01

    Looking back at the two years of activities performed while launching the individual Hydro Power Plants (HPP) of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. into the unmanned operation, there was 'quantum' of work done during the implementation of each new HPP in the area of group output regulation, substation management, failure and alarm record and evaluation system, technological and information service. It is a good feeling to see the results of the work - when it works. Someone could say that we just test the project at one HPP and the others just get implemented. The fact that the HPPs differ from each other brings its specifics, which needed to be handled individually in the SW or HW area, or in terms of communication. We should definitely mention the enthusiasm and helpfulness of the employees even at the cost of their free time spent in launching the power plants into unmanned operation. The reward for the hours spent dealing with the technical issues and revealing the shortcomings in the whole operation management process is today in the greater possibilities of gaining an overviews of the events in the operation of each HPP or TG generation unit. However, our hands are little less free to perform interventions in the control systems - time for the maintenance - necessary planning of the outages - coordination within the operation preparation. (author)

  14. Slovak Electric, plc. (Annual report 1999)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. in 1999 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Address; (2) Significant events; (3) SE, a.s., Board of directors; (4) SE, a.s., Supervisory Board; (5) Business strategy and development programme; (6) SE, a.s., Organisational structure; (7) A layout of SE, a.s., Branch plants and Headquarters; (8) SE, a.s., Capital investment in other trading companies; (9) Basic data; (10) Electricity generation; (11) Supply heat generation; (12) Management and operation of the Slovak Republic's power systems; (13) Slovak transmission system parameters; (14) Transmission system of the Slovak Republic; (15) Electricity trading; (16) Heat trading; (17) Safety and health protection at work and fire protection; (18) Services to electricity consumers; (19) Investment programme; (20) Scientific and development; (22) Environment protection; (23) Nuclear safety; (24) Quality system; (25) International co-operation; (26) Centrel; (27) Human resources; (28) Informatics; (29) Telecommunications; (30) Auditor's report; (31) Balance sheet; (32) Income analysis; (33) Cash-flow summary as of 31 December 1999

  15. Enel expects privatization to be completed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2006-01-01

    The collapse of the coalition will probably mean that the sale of state-owned stakes in two distribution companies and all the heating plants will not be completed and nor will privatisation at Zapadoslovenska energetika. Most important for the energy sector is uncertainty regarding the major privatization project of this government - finding a new owner of 66% of Slovenske elektrarne shares. The state expects to receive about 32 billion Slovak crowns (842.105 million EUR) from Enel for this stake. 'The cabinet has approved the privatization under certain conditions and those have to be met now,' answered the leader of the KDH deputy's club, Pavol Minarik, to the question whether the cabinet would still be able to muster sufficient votes in parliament to pass the Act on the national nuclear account. All other so-called delaying conditions are in the competence of the cabinet or the Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic and the opposition, which opposes privatization, cannot influence them. The act will address the financing of debts related to the liquidation of the V1 and A1 nuclear power plants. (authors)

  16. Modernization and safety improvement project of the NPP V-2 Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Michal, V.; Losonsky, B.; Magdolen, J.

    2000-01-01

    This contribution deals with the form, present state, and results of the Nuclear Power Plants Research Institute (the Slovak acronym is VUJE - Vyskumny Ustav Jadrovych Elektrarni) participation in the NPP V-2 Jaslovske Bohunice Modernization and Safety Improvement Project. A short description of VUJE history, activity, and results is also presented as well as NPPs Jaslovske Bohunice characterization. VUJE was established in 1977 and deals with scientific and research needs of nuclear power plants, such as design, construction, commissioning and operation. The next fields of VUJE activity are, NPP reconstruction, NPP personnel training, radioactive waste management technology, and NPP decommissioning. The nuclear power plant, Jaslovske Bohunice, is situated approximately 15 km from the district town of Trnava in the southwestern region of the Slovak Republic. The construction of the first Czechoslovak NPP A-1 began on this site in 1957 .The construction of the double-unit NPP V-1 with WWER-440 (type V-230) reactor began in 1972. The first unit of NPP V-1 began operation in 1978 and the second in 1980. NPPs construction on the Bohunice site continued with NPP V-2, which has two units with WWER-440 (type V-213) reactors. Unit 1 and Unit 2 of NPP V-2 were commissioned in 1984 and 1985, respectively. Slovak electric utility Slovenske elektrarne (SE) is the owner/commissioner of NPP V-2. This NPP is responsible for more than 20% of the total electrical energy production of SE, making it an essential supporter of the Slovak economy. (authors)

  17. JAVYS - Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    This prospectus contains the review about of the joint stock company Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., (JAVYS). JAVYS established itself in the Slovak power industry in 2005. According to the transaction documents on the privatisation of the Slovenske Elektrarne, a. s. company (SE), on July 6, 2005, the public organisation GovCo, into which the detached SE-VYZ and SE-EBO plants (V1 nuclear power plant) were included, was established. On April 1, 2006, the GovCo company assumed responsibility for the operation of V1 NPP, decommissioning of all nuclear installations in Slovakia, processing, treatment and storage of radioactive waste and care of spent nuclear fuel. The registered at of the company was changed to Jaslovske Bohunice and the company's name changed to Jadrova Vyradovacia Spolocnost, a. s. on August 7, 2006. The company name Jadrova a Vyradovacia Spolocnost, a.s. exists since March, 2007. The history of the company is short; professional activities however have been carried out for several decades. Some facts about the JAVYS are reported

  18. Design, implementation and licensing of improvement measures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rousset, P.

    2000-01-01

    Modifications are designed to contribute to improve the level of safety, and the level of performance of the plants. The successful implementation of a modification depends on the quality of the design and particularly the good fitting of the modification in the existing design, on the perfect consistency of the licensing approach and on the good management of the project constraints and interfaces. Over the last ten years, FRAMATOME has accumulated a large and varied experience in these activities, as shown in the few examples briefly described in the presentation. Within the Mochovce completion project, FRAMATOME has been in charge of the basic design or implementation of about twenty safety measures. This involved establishing efficient partnerships with design organizations and suppliers in the Slovak Republic, Czech Republic, and Russia. A similar approach is used in the frame of the Kozloduy 5-6 modernization program, where the basic engineering contract is conducted since 1998 and the main contract under discussion. From the very beginning of the TACIS program FRAMATOME has been involved in projects dealing with the design of reactor safety systems. For example, an extensive work aiming at developing a methodology for accident analysis in VVER reactor was initiated in 1993, in collaboration with Siemens, Kurchatov Institute and OKB Gidropress. This methodology was recently used successfully in a new project with the objective to evaluate the possible modification of reactor protection signals of some Russian reactors. Within the PHARE program, a complete analysis of the primary to secondary leakage risk was conducted for Paks nuclear power plant. This involved the writing and validation of the relevant emergency procedure, specification of the leak detection system, study of an improved design of the collector cover, and recommendation of some systems modifications. A last example is the study of the modifications of main steam lines performed in the frame

  19. Low level radioactive waste disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Balaz, J.; Chren, O.

    2015-01-01

    The Mochovce National Radwaste Repository is a near surface multi-barrier disposal facility for disposal of processed low and very low level radioactive wastes (radwastes) resulting from the operation and decommissioning of nuclear facilities situated in the territory of the Slovak Republic and from research institutes, laboratories, hospitals and other institutions (institutional RAW) which are in compliance with the acceptance criteria. The basic safety requirement of the Repository is to avoid a radioactive release to the environment during its operation and institutional inspection. This commitment is covered by the protection barrier system. The method of solution designed and implemented at the Repository construction complies with the latest knowledge and practice of the repository developments all over the world and meets requirements for the safe radwaste disposal with minimum environmental consequences. All wastes are solidified and have to meet the acceptance criteria before disposal into the Repository. They are processed and treated at the Bohunice RAW Treatment Centre and Liquid RAW Final Treatment Facility at Mochovce. The disposal facility for low level radwastes consists of two double-rows of reinforced concrete vaults with total capacity 7 200 fibre reinforced concrete containers (FCCs) with RAW. One double-row contains 40 The operation of the Repository was started in year 2001 and after ten years, in 2011 was conducted the periodic assessment of nuclear safety with positive results. Till the end of year 2014 was disposed to the Repository 11 514 m 3 RAW. The analysis of total RAW production from operation and decommissioning of all nuclear installation in SR, which has been carried out in frame of the BIDSF project C9.1, has showed that the total volume estimation of conditioned waste is 108 thousand m 3 of which 45.5 % are low level waste (LLW) and 54,5 % very low level waste (VLLW). On the base of this fact there is the need to build 7

  20. Softverski model estimatora radijalne brzine ciljeva / Software model of a radial velocity estimator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan S. Ivković

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available U radu je softverski modelovan novi blok u delu za obradu signala softverskog radarskog prijemnika, koji je nazvan estimator radijalne brzine. Detaljno je opisan način procene Doplerove frekvencije na osnovu MUSIC algoritma i ukratko prikazan način rada pri merenju. Svi parametri pri merenju klatera i detekcije simuliranih i realnih ciljeva dati su tabelarno, a rezultati grafički. Na osnovu analize prikazanih rezultata može se zaključiti da se pomoću projektovanog estimatora radijalne brzine može precizno proceniti Doplerov pomak u reflektovanom signalu od pokretnog cilja, a samim tim može se precizno odrediti njegova brzina. / In all analyses the MUSIC method has given better results than the FFT method. The MUSIC method proved to be better at estimation precision as well as at resolving two adjacent Doppler frequencies. On the basis of the obtained results, the designed estimator of radial velocity can be said to estimate Doppler frequency in the reflected signal from a moving target precisely, and, consequently, the target velocity. It is thus possible to improve the performances of the current radar as far as a precise estimation of velocity of detected moving targets is concerned.

  1. PENGARUH CARA PENGAWETAN TERHADAP KOMPOSISI KIMIA DAN EFISIENSI DALAM BENTUK HAY DAN SILASE PADA DAUN 16 PROVENAN GAMAL (GLIRICIDIA SEPIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. W. Puger

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available RINGKASAN Percobaan yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh cara pengawetan terhadap kandungan zat-zat makanan dan efisiensinya pada daun 16 provenan gamal telah dilaksanakan selama 3 bulan. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap yang terdiri atas 3 perlakuan pengawetan (gamal segar, gamal hay, dan gamal silase dan 3 blok sebagai ulangan. Setiap perlakuan terdiri atas 16 provenan, yaitu 6 dari Mexico (M, 4 dari Guatemala (G, dan satu provenan masing-masing dari Colombia (C, Indonesia (I, Nicaragua (N, Panama (P, Costa Rica (R, dan Venezuela (V. Sampel setiap daun (helai dan tangkai provenan sebelum dan setelah diawetkan dianalisis kandungan zat-zat makanannya dan dihitung efisiensinya setelah dibuat hay dan silase. Kandungan DM dan CP dari hay adalah tertinggi (P0,05 setelah diawetkan menjadi hay dan silase, sedangkan efisiensi DM, OM, dan CP dari hay lebih tinggi (P<0,05 daripada silase. Provenan P13, R12, dan M34 mengandung zat-zat makanan lebih tinggi; sementara provenan G14 dan G17 lebih efisien bila diawetkan dalam bentuk hay dan silase. Pada pertanian lahan kering pengawetan gamal dalam bentuk hay lebih efektif dan efisien jika dibandingkan dengan dalam bentuk silase.

  2. A Review of Discrete Element Method (DEM) Particle Shapes and Size Distributions for Lunar Soil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, John E.; Metzger, Philip T.; Wilkinson, R. Allen

    2010-01-01

    As part of ongoing efforts to develop models of lunar soil mechanics, this report reviews two topics that are important to discrete element method (DEM) modeling the behavior of soils (such as lunar soils): (1) methods of modeling particle shapes and (2) analytical representations of particle size distribution. The choice of particle shape complexity is driven primarily by opposing tradeoffs with total number of particles, computer memory, and total simulation computer processing time. The choice is also dependent on available DEM software capabilities. For example, PFC2D/PFC3D and EDEM support clustering of spheres; MIMES incorporates superquadric particle shapes; and BLOKS3D provides polyhedra shapes. Most commercial and custom DEM software supports some type of complex particle shape beyond the standard sphere. Convex polyhedra, clusters of spheres and single parametric particle shapes such as the ellipsoid, polyellipsoid, and superquadric, are all motivated by the desire to introduce asymmetry into the particle shape, as well as edges and corners, in order to better simulate actual granular particle shapes and behavior. An empirical particle size distribution (PSD) formula is shown to fit desert sand data from Bagnold. Particle size data of JSC-1a obtained from a fine particle analyzer at the NASA Kennedy Space Center is also fitted to a similar empirical PSD function.

  3. Analisis Daya Saing untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Layanan terhadap Pelanggan dengan Pendekatan CRM di CV. BLITZSPOT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryadi Muhammad

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available CV. Blitzspot adalah perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang jasa penyediaan layanan internet (internet service provider, yang berkantor pusat di Komplek Padasuka Indah Ruko Blok A-1, Cimahi, Jawa Barat. Berdasarkan hasil wawancara dan hasil observasi pada data transaksi CV. Blitzspot, konsumen CV. Blitzspot yang melakukan transaksi tiap tahunnya selalu berkurang, hal ini dikarenakan konsumen sering membandingkan layanan-layanan yang ditawarkan oleh para pesaing CV. Blitzspot. Bila permasalahan tersebut belum teratasi, konsumen CV. Blitzspot akan menurun tiap tahunnya dan akan selalu berpindah ke pesaing CV. Blitzspot. Direktur Utama CV. Blitzspot ingin menganalisis daya saing untuk menentukan layanan-layanan yang akan diberikan kepada pelanggan CV. Blitzspot dan penentuan strategi untuk mempertahankan konsumen CV. Blitzspot.  Metode Analisis daya saing yang digunakan adalah Model Analisis Berlian Porter dan Metode Pengelompokkan Pelanggan yang digunakan adalah Metode LRFM. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian dan pembahasan yang telah dibuat, maka dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa Direktur Utama dapat menganalisis daya saing CV. Blitzspot dengan menggunakan Berlian Porter untuk meningkatkan kualitas layanan terhadap pelanggan CV. Blitzspot.

  4. The influence of spatial effects on the measurement results of reactivity in 'fast disturbances' of core parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tsyganov, S.V.; Shishkov, L.K.

    2001-01-01

    The analysis of methods for the determination of reactivity revealed an essential influence of spatial effect on the measurement precision. Using of reverse point kinetic equation for reactivity meter is assumed that the average neutron flux weigh with the importance function is known at every moment of the transient. In fact, reactivity meter represent behaviour of the neutron flux only of the part of the core, so measured value of reactivity can differ from really reactivity. Three-dimensional dynamic model of the core allow to evaluate such difference. It is supposed to evaluate correction factor for the neutron flux measured at the place where ion chamber situated with the three-dimensional model NOSTRA of the WWER core. On the basis of such algorithm we propose to build module allowing the influence of spatial effects on the results of the reactivity meter to be eliminated at real time regime. This code will be incorporated into the core monitoring system 'BLOK' (SCORPIO type) which is being developed for the Kola and Rostov NPP. The report illustrates utilization of such algorithm (Authors)

  5. Artropoda yang berasosiasi pada ekosistem tanaman lada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwa Mara Trisawa

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Association of Arthropod on Pepper Plant Ecosystem. Ecosystem management of pepper between cover crops, Arachis pintoii, cropping system with corn, soybean and limited weeding. The objectives of this research was to find out biodiversity of arthropod on the paper ecosystem. This experiment was conducted in Lampung since May to September 2002. They are divided 5 treatments they are paper with A. pintoii, pepper with corn, pepper with soybean, pepper with limited weeding and control. The randomize blok design was used 44 kind of arthropods. The status of arthropod are: fitofag (47.73%, omnivorus (6.82%, natural enemies (34.09% and pollination (11.36%. Distribution of each species was various at each treatment, between 26-34 species. The lowest population was found on pepper with corn, while on the highest population were occurred on the pepper with A. pintoii and control. The insect population of Acrididae, Tetrigidae, Grylidae (Orthroptera, Blattidae, Drosophillidae and Farmicidae always higher than an other insect. In this research were found 10 ordo of arthropod. Hymenoptera (Formicidae and Araneida are dominant of arthropod and distributed at all treatment. Arthropod at pepper plant was the most abundant at pepper plan with A. pintoii. In the pepper standing plant it were only found three other, they are Hymenoptera, Araneida and Hemiptera. Beside at pepper plant and pepper standing plant, some of arthropod was found associated with A. pintoii, corn, soybean weed. Other of Orthoptera mainly grasshopper was dominating at all of plant.

  6. Psychiatrische geschiedenissen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Gijswijt-Hofstra

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available G. Dimmendaal, Heropvoeding en behandeling. Meisjes in Huize de Ranitz, Groningen 1941-1967 G. Blok, J. Vijselaar, Terug naar Endegeest. Patiënten en hun behandeling in het psychiatrisch ziekenhuis Endegeest 1897-1997 H.G.M. Rooijmans, Negenennegentig jaar tussen wal en schip. Geschiedenis van de Leidse universitaire psychiatrie (1899-1998 E. Tonkens, Het zelfontplooiingsregime. De actualiteit van Dennendal en de jaren zestigPsychiatric HistoriesA great number of historical works on psychiatry and mental health care in the Netherlands have appeared in the last decade. Most of these works concern the twentieth century. In this review-article these books and some recent historiographical trends are discussed. Histories of mental asylums and hospitals make up the largest single category. Other themes covered by historical studies are academic, social and forensic psychiatry, ambulatory mental health care, psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, the relationship between psychiatry and religion, antipsychiatry, the role of patients,specific mental disorders and the wider social and cultural context. Two types of historiography can be distinguished: works which have been commissioned by psychiatric institutions (memorial books and academic studies. The first group — apart from some recent memorial books —- tends to be fairly factual and descriptive, whereas the second one is more analytical and sociological. The article concludes by pointing to some gaps in historical research and offering prospects for future research.

  7. Düşük Molekül Kütleli Polistirenlerin Asetik Anhidritle Kimyasal Modifikasyonu

    OpenAIRE

    UYANIK, İbrahim; KURBANLI, Refika

    2010-01-01

    Bu çalışmada, ilk olarak 350.000 molekül kütleli blok polistiren (PS) çözünme-çöktürme metodu kullanılarak fraksiyonlarına ayrılmıştır. Daha sonra 70.000, 80.000 ve 90.000 molekül kütleli PS fraksiyonlarının BF3.O(C2H5)2 katalizörlüğünde asetik anhidritle (AA) kimyasal modifikasyon reaksiyonları incelenmiştir. Ayrıca PS yapısına bağlanan fonksiyonel grup miktarının kıyaslanması için elde edilen yüksek molekül kütleli (Mn *= 290.000 ve 500.000) PS fraksiyonları da optimum şartta modifiye edilm...

  8. The Use of Chitosan of Pomacea canaliculata Shell as Natural Preservation to Maintain Fruit Quality during Storage Process: Used as Audio Visual Media of Biotechnology Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yurike Fransischa Trisnaningrum

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan merupakan turunan kitin yang terbentuk dari proses deasetilasi yang bisa digunakan sebagai bahan pengawet alami yang efektif dan memiliki aktivitas antimikroba.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kandungan vitamin C, pH dan berat dalam buah jeruk, strowberi, dan pisang yang diawetkan dengan chitosan cangkang keong mas selama proses penyimpanan danuntuk mengetahui berapakah konsentrasi chitosan cangkang keong mas yang paling efektif sebagai bahan pengawet buah. Penelitian merupakan True Experimental Research yang dilaksanakan di Laboratorium KimiaUniversitas Muhammadiyah Malang. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK dengan 6 perlakuan dan 4 kali ulangan pada jeruk, strowberi dan pisang yaitu konsentrasi chitosan 1,5%, 2%, 2,5%, 3% dan 3,5%. Analisis data menggunakan analisis Blok Acak dan uji beda jarak nyata Duncan pada taraf signifikansi 0,05.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada pengaruh terhadap buah. Perubahan kandungan vitamin C dan berat paling kecil terjadi pada perlakuan 2,5% dan paling besar pada perlakuan kontrol. Pemberian konsentrasi chitosan cangkang keong mas2,5% yang paling efektif mempengaruhi kandungan vitamin C dan berat buah jeruk, strowberi dan pisang. Hasil penelitian diaplikasikan sebagai media audio visual dalam pembelajaran Bioteknologi

  9. Leo Esakia on duality in modal and intuitionistic logics

    CERN Document Server

    Bezhanishvili, Guram

    2014-01-01

    This volume is dedicated to Leo Esakia's contributions to the theory of modal and intuitionistic systems. Consisting of 10 chapters, written by leading experts, this volume discusses Esakia's original contributions and consequent developments that have helped to shape duality theory for modal and intuitionistic logics and to utilize it to obtain some major results in the area. Beginning with a chapter which explores Esakia duality for S4-algebras, the volume goes on to explore Esakia duality for Heyting algebras and its generalizations to weak Heyting algebras and implicative semilattices. The book also dives into the Blok-Esakia theorem and provides an outline of the intuitionistic modal logic KM which is closely related to the Gödel-Löb provability logic GL. One chapter scrutinizes Esakia's work interpreting modal diamond as the derivative of a topological space within the setting of point-free topology. The final chapter in the volume is dedicated to the derivational semantics of modal logic and other re...

  10. Annual review of energy and the environment. Volume 23

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Socolow, R.H. [ed.] [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Anderson, D. [ed.] [Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine, London (United Kingdom); Harte, J. [ed.] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1998-12-31

    Thirteen papers are included in this volume. The titles and authors are: From Physics to Development Strategies by Jose Goldemberg; Rewards and Penalties of Monitoring the Earth by Charles D. Keeling; Science and Nonscience Concerning Human-Caused Climate Warming by J. D. Mahlman; Consumption of Materials in the United States, 1990--1995 by Grecia Matos and Lorie Wagner; Future Technologies for Energy-Efficient Iron and Steel Making by Jeroen de Beer, Ernst Worrell, and Kornelis Blok; The O{sub 2} Balance of the Atmosphere: A Tool for Studying the Fate of Fossil Fuel CO{sub 2} by Michael L. Bender, Mark Battle, and Ralph F. Keeling; Mexican Electric End-Use Efficiency: Experiences to Date by Rafael Friedmann and Claudia Sheinbaum; Drinking Water in Developing Countries by Ashok Gadgil; Engineering-Economic Studies of Energy Technologies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Opportunities and Challenges by Marilyn A. Brown, Mark D. Levine, Joseph P. Romm, Arthur H. Rosenfeld, and Jonathan G. Koomey; Climate Change Mitigation in the Energy and Forestry Sectors of Developing Countries by Jayant A. Sathaye and N. H. Ravindranath; Toward a Productive Divorce: Separating DOE Cleanups from Transition Assistance by M. Russell; Recycling Metals for the Environment by Iddo K. Wernick and Nickolas J. Themelis; and Environmentally Conscious Chemical Process Design by J. A. Cano-Ruiz and G. J. McRae.

  11. Nuclear safety in Slovak Republic. Status of safety improvements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toth, A.

    1999-01-01

    Status of the safety improvements at Bohunice V-1 units concerning WWER-440/V-230 design upgrading were as follows: supplementing of steam generator super-emergency feed water system; higher capacity of emergency core cooling system; supplementing of automatic links between primary and secondary circuit systems; higher level of secondary system automation. The goal of the modernization program for Bohunice V-1 units WWER-440/V-230 was to increase nuclear safety to the level of the proposals and IAEA recommendations and to reach probability goals of the reactor concerning active zone damage, leak of radioactive materials, failures of safety systems and damage shields. Upgrading program for Mochovce NPP - WWER-440/V-213 is concerned with improving the integrity of the reactor pressure vessel, steam generators 'leak before break' methods applied for the NPP, instrumentation and control of safety systems, diagnostic systems, replacement of in-core monitoring system, emergency analyses, pressurizers safety relief valves, hydrogen removal system, seismic evaluations, non-destructive testing, fire protection. Implementation of quality assurance has a special role in improvement of operational safety activities as well as safety management and safety culture, radiation protection, decommissioning and waste management and training. The Year 2000 problem is mentioned as well

  12. 50 Years of nuclear power plants in Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dobak, D.; Moncekova, M.; Pritrsky, R.

    2007-01-01

    The publication was prepared to celebration of semi-centennial anniversary of nuclear power plants in Slovakia and presents a free sequel of book '40 years of nuclear power plants in Slovakia'. It contains memories of the observers that are valuable and merits spreading theirs ideas. There are photos in the publication that up to now were not disclosed and that have a unique value not due to their age only. At the same time, the publication expresses an admiration, regard and acknowledgement to all who joined their life with nuclear power. This book contains the following headings: (1) Speech, Lubomir Jahnatek (Minister of Economy of the Slovak Republic); (2) Speech, Jozef Valach; (3) Speech, Paolo Ruzzini; (4) Historic aspects of A1 NPP; (5) Historic Aspects of V1 NPP; (6) Historic Aspects of V2 NPP; (7) A remembrance to Mochovce; (8) Historic Aspects of VYZ; (9) Nuclear power as an integral part of the Slovak power engineering; (10) Under control of supervision; (12) The state health regulation performance in nuclear installations; (13) JAVYS in the Slovak energy sector

  13. RODOS System in the Slovak Republic - its Implementation and Adaptation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Duranova, T.; Bohun, L; Metke, E.; Janko, K.

    2003-01-01

    With support of the European Commission's (EC) ECHO programme 'Implementation of the RODOS Decision Support System for Off-Site Emergency Preparation and response in the Emergency centres in Poland and the Slovak Republic', RODOS system version 3.13 was implemented in the Slovak Republic with main objective to accelerate the implementation of the system within national emergency preparedness arrangements. Within the ECHO project, the National Centre of RODOS was established at the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR). VUJE was established as technical support organization and interactive user. As a data supplier and passive user were established the Slovak Centre for Radiation Monitoring, Slovak Hydro-Meteorological Institute (SHMI), Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce NPP's. As RODOS could become a standard tool for emergency preparedness in the European Union and CEE region lessons learned within projects mentioned in the paper were valuable contribution to other similar international and national projects. Effective working arrangements and links have been established between some institutes having competence in various aspects of emergency preparedness and response in about 20 European countries, with Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe as main responsible institute for system development and DSSNET project co-ordination. This network contributes to the more cost-effective use of resources for the further improvement of decision support for nuclear emergencies. More importantly, it will enhance trust and confidence between people, which is essential for responding effectively and coherently to any future nuclear accident that may have implications on a European scale. (authors)

  14. Information letter 3. Information about operation of plants SE-NPP Bohunice and SE-VYZ during March 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-04-01

    In this leaflet results of exploitation of four units of the Bohunice V-1 and V-2 NPPs are presented. The electricity and heat production in March 2005 are reviewed. Within a March 2005 the electricity was produced: 0 GWh (block 1), 177 GWh (block 2), 304 GWh (block 3), 313 GWh (block 4), totally 794 GWh, and 3064 GWh within a January - March 2005. The heat production in March 2005 was 224 944 GJ, and within a January - March 2005 it was produced 756 793 GJ of heat. Processing and storage of radioactive wastes in Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations and Spent Fuel and Rad-waste Management (SE-VYZ) is presented. Sixteen pieces of fibre-concrete containers were processed into fibre-concrete containers in Bohunice processing centre of radioactive wastes (BSC RAO) in March 2005. Eighteen fibre-concrete containers were stored into Republic storage of radioactive wastes (RU RAO). Total number in RU RAO reached 848 pieces of fibre-concrete containers, which represent 11.78 per cent of storage capacity (7200 containers). Transport of fibre-concrete containers to RU RAO will be realised by combined transport, initially by railway to reloading area in Mochovce, then by truck to RU RAO. Nuclear Regulatory Authority of Slovak Republic has allowed combined transport

  15. Rapid nuclear reaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcan, P.; Beer, G.

    2008-01-01

    Whereas the completion of blocks 3 and 4 in Mochovce were subject to some discussion, the building of a new unit at Jaslovske Bohunice has remained unnoticed. Not even environmentalists objected. And so far the plans to build a new power plant seem to have been approved without any major discussion about whether Slovakia really needs or does not need a new nuclear power unit. Political statements about a possible future shortage of electricity were enough. The plans of private companies to build their own power plants or the possibility of decreasing the use of energy by savings were disregarded. But a clear answer to the question whether this new power unit will generate electricity for export to other countries has not yet been given. But by the end of this year the government wants to decide whether the new power plant which will cost an estimated 100 billion Slovak crowns (3.3 billions EUR) will be built from public funds in tandem with a private investor or fully financed by private capital. The name of the private investor should become known by the end of this year. (authors)

  16. Case law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-01-01

    This section reports on 7 case laws from 4 countries: - France: Conseil d'Etat decision, 28 June 2013, refusing to suspend operation of the Fessenheim nuclear power plant; - Slovak Republic: New developments including the Supreme Court's judgment in a matter involving Greenpeace Slovakia's claims regarding the Mochovce nuclear power plant; New developments in the matter involving Greenpeace's demands for information under the Freedom of Information Act; - Switzerland: Judgment of the Federal Supreme Court in the matter of the Departement federal de l'environnement, des transports, de l'energie et de la communication (DETEC) against Ursula Balmer-Schafroth and others on consideration of admissibility of a request to withdraw the operating licence for the Muehleberg nuclear power plant; - United States: Judgment of the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit granting petition for writ of mandamus ordering US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to resume Yucca Mountain licensing; Judgment of the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit invalidating two Vermont statutes as preempted by the Atomic Energy Act; Judgment of the NRC on transferring Shieldalloy site to New Jersey's jurisdiction

  17. Bohunice NPPs - Part of the Slovak's economy (sustainable) development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dobak, Dobroslav

    2001-01-01

    Of the total consumption of electricity in Slovakia, 42% was generated in nuclear power plant units in 1999. Slovakia operates 6 units with a WWER 440 nuclear reactors, 4 of them are at Bohunice site and 2 at Mochovce. The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of SR is not the only regulatory body controlling nuclear activity. Both - the system of nuclear activities regulation in Slovakia as well as the approach to Nuclear Safety enhancement of the operator were positively judged by IAEA and WENRA. In 1993 -Slovakia has accepted the commitments of the UN Convention on Climate Changes, including a reduction of greenhouse gases to 1990 levels by the year 2000. Moreover, as an internal target Slovakia has set the reaching of the ,'Toronto Objective', i.e. 20% reduction in CO x emissions through the year 2005 as compared to 1988. Taking into account the actual situation as well as natural conditions for some renewable sources utilisation, the target won't be reached without nuclear energy. The nuclear energy is free of emissions, does not burn oxygen, and with the share of production in Slovakia will remain significant contributor. To the environment protection it contributes also by replacing fossil heat plants with heat delivery for the region. In case of radiological wastes the environment protection is ensured by very strict system of control, evidence, treatment and repository. To conclude, Bohunice NPPs were, are and will remain very important part of the Slovak's economy, creating conditions for its (sustainable) development

  18. Radiation protection and monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bruecher, L.; Langmueller, G.; Tuerschmann, G.

    1997-01-01

    The safety, the quality and efficiency of the radiological monitoring systems for block one and two of the NPP Mochovce, designed and delivered by the general designer, should be increased by EUCOM Siemens. Modern, accident resistant and/or more powerful monitoring systems have been designed by Siemens will be added to the existing systems. To achieve this radiation measuring units will be installed inside the hermetic zone, in the reactor hall, at the stack, at the release water system and in the environment in the vicinity of the NPP. The presentation, the storage distribution and the processing of all measuring results also will be optimised by installing a modern high-performance computer system, the so-called Central Radiological Computer System 'CRCS', featuring a high availability. The components will be installed in the relevant control rooms all over the plant. With this computer system it is easy to control the radiation level inside and outside the NPP during normal operation and during and after an accident. Special programs, developed by Siemens support the staff by interpreting the consequences of radioactive releases into the environment and by initiating protection procedures during and after an accident. All functions of the system are available for emergency protection drills and training the staff interruption of the normal control procedure. For the personal protection a digital personal dosimetry system completely considering with the requirements of ICRP 60 and several contamination monitors will be installed. (authors)

  19. Geological aspects of radioactive waste disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kobera, P.

    1985-01-01

    Geological formations suitable for burying various types of radioactive wastes are characterized applying criteria for the evaluation and selection of geological formations for building disposal sites for radioactive wastes issued in IAEA technical recommendations. They are surface disposal sites, disposal sites in medium depths and deep disposal sites. Attention is focused on geological formations usable for injecting self-hardening mixtures into cracks prepared by hydraulic decomposition and for injecting liquid radioactive wastes into permeable rocks. Briefly outlined are current trends of the disposal of radioactive wastes in Czechoslovakia and the possibilities are assessed from the geological point of view of building disposal sites for radioactive wastes on the sites of Czechoslovak nuclear power plants at Jaslovske Bohunice, Mochovce, Dukovany, Temelin, Holice (eastern Bohemia), Blahoutovice (northern Moravia) and Zehna (eastern Slovakia). It is stated that in order to design an optimal method of the burial of radioactive waste it will be necessary to improve knowledge of geological conditions in the potential disposal sites at the said nuclear plants. There is usually no detailed knowledge of geological and hydrological conditions at greater depths than 100 m. (Z.M.)

  20. Radioactive waste disposal in Slovakia: Current practice and development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salzer, P.; Hanusik, V.; Ehn, L.

    2002-01-01

    The paper describes activities concerning the disposal of radioactive waste in the Slovak Republic. For disposal of the low and intermediate short-lived radioactive waste, the National radioactive waste repository Mochovce (near surface type) was put into operation in 1999. History and approaches to repository development, siting and construction are briefly described. Recent activities regarding the repository are concerning on the safety re-assessment and re-derivation of coherent waste acceptance criteria, studies of repository covering and possible enlargement. In the second part, attention is given to the Slovak deep geological repository development programme, which has been under way since 1996. Most of the results were obtained from the siting part of the programme, where four localities (six sites) were identified as prospective for next investigation. The paper also gives an overview on next two routes of deep repository development programme: studies resulted later in performance assessment and general activities, i.e. design studies, analysis of legislative and infrastructure conditions, planning and evaluation of works. (author)

  1. Quality assurance programme of Temelin nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eybl, J.; Nowak, O.

    1988-01-01

    The fundamental principle of the system of quality assurance in Czechoslovak nuclear power is quality assurance at all stages of the construction and operation of nuclear power plants and the grading fo measures taken, this in dependence on the impact on nuclear safety of the respective nuclear installation or its part. The system has been made fully operational during the construction of nuclear power plants in Temelin and Mochovce. State surveillance is executed by the Czechoslovak Atomic Energy Commission, and the Czech and Slovak Offices for Work Safety. Briefly discussed are the tasks of the building subcontractor of the Temelin nuclear power plant with regard to the programme of quality assurance as well as the results of the solution of the respective research tasks. The programme of quality assurance classifies the selected sections of the structure of a nuclear power plant into three safety categories. No part of the structure is classified into the first category, the second category includes, e.g., the reactor building, cooling tanks and diesel generator units, the third includes the reactor building and the building of auxiliary workshops. Attention is also paid to the problems of the qualification of personnel and to inspection activity. (Z.M.). 12 refs

  2. Thirty years of Czechoslovak nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cibula, M.

    1988-01-01

    Nuclear power in the CSSR in its 30 years old history has occupied an important position in the current power base of the country. In 1987, the nuclear power plant share of the total installed capacity was roughly 16% and their share of the total electricity production was 24.3%. By the year 2000, the installed capacity of nuclear power plants should reach a minimum of 10,000 MW and it is envisaged that this value might be exceeded by another 1,000 MW. In addition to the completion of the Mochovce and Temelin nuclear power plants currently under construction, this would require putting into operation two more WWER-1000 units in other localities. It has been decided that new nuclear power plants will be sited at Kecerovce in Eastern Slovakia and at Blahutovice in Northern Moravia. The preparation has considerably progressed of sites for other nuclear power plants. With the envisaged rate of nuclear power plant construction, the production of nuclear electric power should inscrease to 15 TWh in 1990, 41 TWh in 1995 and 58 TWh in the year 2000. Thus, nuclear power plant share of the total electricity production would be more than 50% in the year 2000 and the plant would cover about 16 to 17% of needs of primary power resources. (Z.M.). 3 tabs., 4 refs

  3. Current state of utilization of nuclear sources for district heating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zlatnansky, J.

    1987-01-01

    The use of heat from nuclear power sources is considered as the basic trend of development in district heating within the framework of the long-term prospective plan of the development of the fuel and power complex in the CSSR. Of the total consumption of heat in the year 2005 (648,000 TJ), nuclear power units are to deliver 54,000 TJ. At present, heat is being generated by the Jaslovske Bohunice nuclear power plant and supplied to Trnava, and a heat duct is being built from this plant to Leopoldov and Hlohovce, and prospectively to Bratislava. The Dukovany nuclear power plant is expected to supply heat to Brno, the Mochovce nuclear power plant to Levice and Nitra, and the Temelin nuclear power plant to Ceske Budejovice. Other nuclear power plants will in the future also supply heat (Kecerovce, Blahutovice and Opatovice). The technical and economic evaluation is tabulated of heat deliveries from all said nuclear power plants. It is stated that after the year 2000, AST 500 nuclear heating plants should be deployed for supplying heat to areas out of reach of nuclear power plants and reconstructed fossil-fuel power plants. (Z.M.). 2 tabs

  4. Feasibility studies for decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hladky, E.

    2000-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with planning of decommission of the NPPs A1, V1 and V2 Bohunice and Mochovce. It was concluded that: Used model for decommissioning parameters assessment has been suitable for elaboration of initial decommissioning plans (feasibility studies); Basic assessment of main decommissioning parameters and basic comparison of various decommissioning options have been possible; Improvement of the model and corresponding software is desirable and works on software improvement began one year ago; V1-NPP initial decommissioning plan should be actualized, because initial decommissioning plan does not correspond by its content and structure to requirements of Act No. 130/98 and Nuclear Regulatory Authority Degree No. 246/99; Strategy of radioactive wastes treatment and conditioning together with technical provisions at Jaslovske Bohunice site was changed in comparison with the assumptions in 1991-92; Considered V1 NPP decommissioning options are necessary to be re-evaluated in accordance with latest development of knowledge and approaches to NPP decommissioning in the world; Specific unit costs are substantially and differentially changed in comparison with the assumptions in 1991-92; Necessity to take into account technical changes resulted from V1 NPP reconstruction. (author)

  5. Diagnostic systems developed in NPPRI (VUJE) Trnava Inc. for NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kucharek, P.

    1998-01-01

    Since foundation of Nuclear Power Plant Research Institute (NPPRI) in 1977, the department of diagnostics has been dealt with problems related to the theoretical, practical and organizatory questions of operational diagnostics connected with PWR type nuclear components. This department acts directly in locality of NPP Jaslovske Bohunice, but there are performances for all NPP in Slovak or Czech Republic (Dukovany, Mochovce, and Temelin). Besides direct services and achievements for NPP there exist advisory, experts and research activities for the government and supervising authorities, too. In 1985, NPPRI began systematically construct and verify technical means for operational diagnostics of main circulating pumps (MCP) with good results, based on own rich practical experiences and contacts with organisations abroad. In recent years NPPRI as one of recognised qualified and authorised institutions in Slovak Republic has begun to develop a new generation of diagnostic systems for NPP on high technical level but with lower procuring costs in comparison with western countries products. This contribution deals with four following types of diagnostic systems which were not only developed but also delivered and installed on Slovak and Czech nuclear units: - Loose part monitoring system (LPMS), - Humidity monitoring system (HUMON), - Reactor coolant pumps monitoring system (RCPMS), - Primary circuit vibration monitoring system (VMS). Main features of new generation from middle of 1990's of these systems are described in this paper and operational experiences with them too. (author)

  6. Safety analyses of the electrical systems on VVER NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andel, J.

    2004-01-01

    Energoprojekt Praha has been the main entity responsible for the section on 'Electrical Systems' in the safety reports of the Temelin, Dukovany and Mochovce nuclear power plants. The section comprises 2 main chapters, viz. Offsite Power System (issues of electrical energy production in main generators and the link to the offsite transmission grid) and Onsite Power Systems (AC and DC auxiliary system, both normal and safety related). In the chapter on the off-site system, attention is paid to the analysis of transmission capacity of the 400 kV lines, analysis of transient stability, multiple fault analyses, and probabilistic analyses of the grid and NPP power system reliability. In the chapter on the on-site system, attention is paid to the power balances of the electrical sources and switchboards set for various operational and accident modes, checks of loading and function of service and backup sources, short circuit current calculations, analyses of electrical protections, and analyses of the function and sizing of emergency sources (DG sets and UPS systems). (P.A.)

  7. Influence of fuel loading on neutron field in WWER-440 reactor pressure vessel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stacho, M.; Slugen, V.; Farkas, G.; Sojak, S. [Department of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Slovak University of Technology, Ilkovicova 3, 812 19 Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2010-07-01

    One of the limiting factors in terms of nuclear power plant lifetime is reactor pressure vessel neutron load. Neutron embrittlement as the most important ageing effect on the reactor pressure vessel is mainly caused by fast neutron spectra. The work is focused on mapping of neutron fields in the reactor pressure vessel of WWER-440/V-213 reactor using MCNP5 transport code. The calculation of neutron fields was performed using detailed full-core MCNP model of WWER-440 reactor developed at our department. Analysis of fuel loading pattern and burn-up influence on neutron flux density distribution in the reactor pressure vessel was realized. The fuel composition corresponds to fuel cycles of Bohunice and Mochovce nuclear power plants. The goal of this work was to improve the assessment of WWER-440 reactor pressure vessel radiation degradation and following evaluation possibility of its lifetime extension and comparison of neutron flux and neutron spectra in the most loaded place of reactor pressure vessel and surveillance specimen area. (authors)

  8. VUEZ. Annual report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2005 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) On the company; (3) Basic data; (4) Product portfolio and customer services; (5) Quality management system; (6) Human resources; (7) Economic data; (7) Adving, s.r.o.; (8) Basic data and company management; (9) Line of business; (10) Activities performed in the past year; (11) Economic data; (12) Contact persons and addresses. In 2005, a number of important events took place in VUEZ. On the home market, our main business partner was SE a.s. Company. The key works were performed at SE nuclear power plant sites in Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce. A considerable volume of works co-ordinated by our company was executed also for Vodohospodarska vystavba Bratislava at the Gabcikovo Dam. On the foreign market, VUEZ kept on carrying out ongoing projects of preparation for the Jaslovske Bohunice V1 NPP decommissioning in co-operation with a consortium of foreign companies. In the field of experimental research, another project was launched in co-operation with IRSN Paris. As to leak tightness improvement of hermetic compartments and integrated leakage rate tests in nuclear power plants, works were continued in foreign plants such as the Dukovany NPP, Czech Republic, and the Paks NPP, Hungary

  9. Diagnostic and monitoring systems produced in Vuje, Okruzna 5, 918 64 Trnava, Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oksa, G.; Bahna, J.; Murin, V.; Kucharek, P.; Smutny, S.

    1996-01-01

    Based on the 20 years experience in on-line vibration diagnostics of mechanical components in the primary circuit of nuclear power plant PWR WWER-440, Vuje, Okruzna 5, 918 64 Trnava produces its own diagnostic and monitoring systems since 1990. The variety of diagnostic systems includes: loose part monitoring system (LPMS), monitoring system of main circulating pumps (MCPMS), vibration monitoring system (LVMS), leakage monitoring system (LMS). The emphasis in the hardware solution is put on the design modularity and versatility so that many subcomponents (circuit boards) are common or highly similar for all systems. Using exclusively digital data for processing enhances the reliability of the measurements and allows the easy data transportation from one computer to another (e.g., for more sophisticated analysis). Trends in the software development follow the similar path as for the hardware solution - namely, the modularity and versatility of software is the imperative goal. The modern operating systems also incorporate the ability of network communication, which is crucial for the integration of stand-alone diagnostic systems into nuclear power plants information system. So far a number of systems have been successfully installed: 6 LPMSs (Jaslovske Bohunice, Dukovany), 4 MCPMs (Jaslovske Bohunice) and 2 LVMSs (Jaslovske Bohunice), all systems operate in PWR WWER-440 environment. Another diagnostic systems are under construction: 2 LPMSs (Temelin, PWR WWER-1000), 2 MCMSs (Mochovce - PWR WWER-440) and 2 LMSs (Jaslovske Bohunice). (author). 1 fig

  10. Chapter No.6. Radioactive waste (RAW)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    UJD SR supervises all phases of radioactive waste management at nuclear installations and final phases of institutional radioactive waste management. Total concentrates generation and minimisation trends during recent period (for NPP V1, NPP V2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce) as well as increasing of their conditioning are presented. So nearly 8000 m3 of concentrates were stored at the end of year 2001, representing 75.5% of storage capacity at Bohunice site. Total amount of solid waste stored at VVER NPPs reached 3500 m3 at December 2001. The solid waste storage capacity of NPP V1 Bohunice is spent. NPP A1 Bohunice with a heterogeneous reactor using natural uranium, moderated by heavy water and cooled by CO 2 had been in operation for 4 years. It was finally shut down in February 1977 after an accident (INES level 4). Main activities in 2001 were focused on an increasing of radwaste management safety by the waste solidification or storage improvement, especially in the case of inorganic spent fuel coolant. The total solid radwaste inventory in 2001 (including filters) represents cca 700 m3 of soft and pre-pressed not sorted waste, 700 m3 of sorted waste, more then 1 000 t of scrap and next 260 m3 of scrap in drums. The total volume of contaminated soils and concrete is more than 7200 m3. The volume of solid radwaste depends on the extent of dismantling works and following treatment, conditioning and disposal. The total volume is also increased by products of bituminization and cementation facilities in drums stored before conditioning at NPP A1 Bohunice site. The facilities focused only on treatment of radwaste from NPP A1 decommissioning are operated by the same operator as a part of this decommissioned nuclear installation. Experimental and research treatment plants are operated by VUJE. A facility for the treatment and conditioning of operational liquid radwaste from NPP Mochovce is under preparation and a start of construction is foreseen in 2004. The nuclear

  11. Not the state but the new owner will have to sort out the contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2004-01-01

    Privatisation of Paroplynovy cyklus (PPC), a.s., Bratislava is a bit paradox. Should the winner of the tender for 90-percent of PPC shares succeed and obtain the remaining 10 percent of the shares from Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava it will be managing a heat and electricity producer with a low level of business risk and high efficiency. PPC has long-term delivery contracts signed until 2013. But state-owned business partners of PPC - Slovenske elektrarne (SE) and Bratislavska teplaren (BAT) raised protest against these contracts. And so the privatisation agency FNM decided rather to sell the PPC to a private investor that should then try and settle the problems with these state-owned companies. Fund of National Property (FNM) refused to publish the prices other participants of the tender offered for PPC. The only price known is the winning offer worth 2 bn Sk (49,29 mn Eur) offered by PPC Holding, a.s., Trencin from Penta group. The highest price was offered by energy concern E.on. Director of Section for Establishment and Execution of Shareholders Rights at FNM, Anna Bubenikova informed that the price represented only 65 percent of all criteria taken into account in the tender. 10 percent were represented by business plan and the remaining 25 percent consisted of s ecurity, simplicity and the benefits the draft contract offered . Apart from the threat that SE may withdraw from the contract and the uncertainties regarding the control over PPC another risk to be faced by tender participants was a suit with BAT. The Cabinet has not managed to settle the dispute. On a question why the Fund decided to tender a company threatened by a lawsuit with one of its customers A. Bubenikova answered that the problem had already been present at the time the 90-percent stake was transferred to FNM. If the Fund waited for the suit to settle, the sale could be postponed by several years and A. Bubenikova doubts whether this approach would have been more beneficial. She also

  12. Bio gas becomes a business

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haluza, I.

    2007-01-01

    At first glance, energy produced from biogas is not the most refined of businesses. But it is a developing business. In North America and in Western Europe, farmers have already built hundreds of biogas facilities that use biogas from rotting maize silage; old grain; or pig, cow and chicken dung to produce electricity and heat. Most Slovak farmers have never got further then discussing these possibilities. There are only five such facilities in Slovakia. All of them have a fairly small output of a maximum of a few tens or hundreds of kilowatts. But what improves the image of this badly smelling business is the aim of developed countries to replace oil, coal and gas imports with renewable energy sources. And they are doing so in spite of the fact that the electricity produced from biogas is several times more expensive than energy produced from coal or nuclear fuel. The European Union and consequently Slovakia has decided that consumers have to accept these higher prices and so help these new energy sources to develop. Slovenske elektrarne with its nuclear, thermal and hydro-electric power plants will continue to sell electric power for about 1700 Slovak crowns (Sk) (50,60 EUR) per megawatt hour this year. The Office for Regulation of Network Industries has permitted biogas facility operators to sell their electricity to distributors for 4200 Sk (125 EUR) per megawatt hour from the beginning of this year. That is about twice as much as last year. This is intended as a clear signal to potential investors to invest and launch production. (authors)

  13. Financial groups charmed by energy sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haluza, I.; Marcan, P.

    2006-01-01

    The Slovak power industry is no longer the domain of big state-controlled and international companies. Local financial groups that grew up on equity deals, revitalisation of industry, real estate and receivables business have developed an interest in the field as well. They are contemplating the possibility of investing a part of their gains into energy sources. They can see the gap that the closure of the V1 power plant in Jaslovske Bohunice will create in Slovakian's power capacity. Although the new owner of Slovenske elektrarne, Italian Enel, will attend to filling the gap, local market players also sense an opportunity. Apart from the closure of V1 there is also rising energy demand driven by growing industry and growing energy prices. What is more, the state supports renewable energy sources like wind and biomass though subsidies, tax allowances or higher purchase prices. According to standard economic formulas at least, increased competition should exert pressure on prices. However, renewable energy sources are more expensive then traditional ones and new gas or coal driven power plants will certainly not push prices down. The electricity produced by power plants in Jaslovske Bohunice, which is to be closed, is the cheapest we have. So nobody dares to predict with 100-percent certainty what energy prices will look like in two years. Investment director of private equity group Penta, Vladimir Brodnan, says that new investors are not entering the energy business because of guaranteed profit. Utility regulator URSO only sets fixed prices for distribution companies but, on the other hand, the draft amendment to the regulation act indicates that the government would like to change this status. In future the powers of the regulator should also cover the prices of electricity as a commodity. In addition, the possibility of the regulator being able to interfere with the liberalised market concerns investors. (authors)

  14. Slovak companies not pleased by compromise with Brussels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcan, P.

    2005-01-01

    The sale and purchase of carbon dioxide emissions used to be a topic only of interest to environmentalists - until it started to be about money. Industrial associations in Western Europe started fighting for higher quotas earlier than in Slovakia. Initially, Slovak companies were satisfied with the quotas proposed as these did not force them to decrease production, or invest extensively in more environmentally friendly production, or purchase emission permits for exceeding the quotas set. Everything changed after the European Commission approved the Slovak plan in autumn last year. This set a limit 14% lower than the original proposal. The largest Slovak producer of carbon dioxide - U.S.Steel Kosice - challenged the new quotas directly at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. But other producers also object. 'The decrease is an unfortunate and strategically bad move for Slovakia,' said the Head of the Environmental Department at Slovenske elektrarne (Slovak Electric), Branislav Mihaly. And added that the Ministry of Environment was fully responsible for this situation. 'Including the political responsibility of Minister Laszlo Miklos,' he added. Given a quota reduction of 14%, he considers it very likely that Slovak Electric will follow the example of the Kosice steel works. The state must allocate the new quotas before the end of February. The Ministry announced that for large sources, it would seek solutions by individual negotiations. For smaller sources there would be a flat rate decrease. In theory, if companies were to take full advantage of the original quotas, the new allocation plan would cost them 40 to 50 mil. EUR (1.6 -2 bill. Slovak crowns). TREND based its calculation on the current market price of emissions - 8-10 EUR/ton of carbon dioxide

  15. Tender in power-plants back to starting point

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    TREND

    2003-01-01

    Even though there was no progress in privatisation of a 40-percent stake in Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s., Bratislava a government decree on re-opening of the tender issued in July will allow more prospects to participate. New prospects that are expected to submit their offers are Czech CEZ and American AES. At the same time the original eight prospects that submitted their offers earlier will have the opportunity to withdraw from the tender or review their offers. The new prospects can show their interest in requesting a information memorandum that will be published shortly and then PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) will state a date when the offers have to be submitted. After the original offers are updated and the new ones submitted, the offers will be evaluated. Representative of PwC, Peter Mitka refused to discuss the evaluation deadlines and the consecutive due diligence in SE to be conducted by selected investors. The company to have restarted the whole process was the Czech CEZ that had announces its intention to privatise not only the conventional part of SE but the nuclear part as well. The remaining prospects only show interest in hydraulic power plants or conventional power plants but none of them is interested in nuclear power plants. Even though the process is still open and theoretically other prospects could show their interest in the future, Minister of Economy, Robert Nemcsics does not expect that this step would be repeated. And so the number of prospects is ten. In the past the Minister expressed his view that the most suitable solution would be so sell the SE as a whole and during the first press conference given together with privatisation advisor the Minister explained that there was no time-pressure in regards to the privatisation process as an internal restructuring of the company had to be completed first

  16. Information letter 2. Information about operation of plants SE-NPP Bohunice and SE-VYZ during February 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-03-01

    In this leaflet results of exploitation of four units of the Bohunice V-1 and V-2 NPPs are presented. The electricity and heat production in February 2005 are reviewed. Within a February 2005 the electricity was produced: 217 GWh (block 1), 281 GWh (block 2), 277 GWh (block 3), 282 GWh (block 4), totally 1057 GWh, and 2271 GWh within a January - February 2005. The heat production in February 2005 was 266 506 GJ, and within a January - February 2005 it was produced 531 849 GJ of heat. On February 17 Slovak minister of economy Pavol Rusko and general director of ENEL Paolo Scaroni signed the agreement on acquisition of 66 per cent of Slovenske elektrarne (SE) by Italian ENEL for 840 million Eur. SE has capacity of around 7 GW (83 per cent of total Slovakian capacity). In 2004 SE generated 26 TWh of electricity. Processing and storage of radioactive wastes in Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations and Spent Fuel and Rad-waste Management (SE-VYZ) is presented. Since beginning of this year 58 fibre-concrete containers have been filled up in Bohunice processing centre of radioactive wastes. Twenty-three pieces of fibre-concrete containers were processed into fibre-concrete containers in Bohunice processing centre of radioactive wastes (BSC RAO) in February 2005. Twenty fibre-concrete containers were stored into Republic storage of radioactive wastes (RU RAO). Total number in RU RAO reached 830 pieces of fibre-concrete containers, which represent 11.53 per cent of storage capacity (7200 containers). Bohunice processing centre of radioactive wastes was put into active operation just before five years

  17. Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Majercak, V.; Srenkelova, Z.; Kristak, J.G.

    1997-01-01

    In this brochure the Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina, (VED), subsidiary of the utility Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, plc. Bratislava) are presented. VED is mainly aimed at generating peak-load electrical energy and maintenance of operational equipment. Reaching its goals, company is first of all focused on reliability of production, economy and effectiveness, keeping principles of work safety and industry safety standards and also ecology. VED operates eight hydroelectric power plants, from which PVE Ruzin I and PVE Dobsina I are pump storage ones and they are controlled directly by the Slovak Energy Dispatch Centre located in Zilina thought the system LS 3200. Those power plants participate in secondary regulation of electrical network of Slovakia. They are used to compensate balance in reference to foreign electrical networks and they are put into operation independently from VED. Activity of the branch is focused mainly on support of fulfilment of such an important aim as electric network regulation. Beginnings of the subsidiary Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina are related to the year of 1948. After commissioning of the pump storage Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina in 1953, the plant started to carry out its mission. Since that time the subsidiary has been enlarged by other seven power plants, through which it is fulfilling its missions nowadays. The characteristics of these hydroelectric power plants (The pump-storage power plant Dobsina, Small hydroelectric power plant Dobsina II, Small hydroelectric power plant Rakovec, Small hydroelectric power plant Svedlar, Hydroelectric power plant Domasa, The pump-storage power plant Ruzin, and Small hydroelectric power plant Krompachy) are described in detail. Employees welfare and public relations are presented

  18. Banks offer SE more than it asked for

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2004-01-01

    About a year ago, when new management took over the financial department of Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s. the company was in crisis. It faced an acute cash-flow deficit and due loans of over 20 bill. Sk (501.21 mil. Eur). SE could not provide adequate guarantees for the required loans and without state guarantees it was virtually impossible or too expensive to obtain additional loans. But last week the situation changed for the better. Despite the fact that due to the restructuring of SE's loan portfolio, the company will pay the banks 3 bill. Sk (75.18 mil. Eur) less interest over the next three years than under the original arrangements, even the bakers seemed satisfied. A loan portfolio full of non-standard agreements signed with about 30 banks had previously prevented decisions regarding the structure of the company's assets and liabilities.The cabinet refused to admit that SE was in crisis and offered SE for sale, although it could not be privatised due to its debt structure and the fact that it was close to default. Despite this unfavourable situation, company economists decided to make an offensive move -in cooperation with a small group of banks they converted the tens of company loan agreements into a new loan package that will be simpler, cheaper, and with longer maturity periods, which will not require state guarantees. SE managed to restructure debts with a total value of 550 mil. Eur and until these transactions are completed the banks offered SE a bridge loan of 110 mil. Eur. The transaction related to a syndicated loan of 350 mil. Eur which was concluded in April. Eurobonds with a total value of 200 mil. Eur were issued two months later. The banks offered the company more than it requested. Demand for the Eurobond issue exceeded the 200 mil. Eur of bonds on offer. (author)

  19. Public relations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) laid the foundation of a policy of keeping the public informed about the activities and the safety of nuclear installations in the SR already in its origins by opening the NRA Information Centre. The NRA SR issues the Bulletin on NRA SR for domestic and foreign use, the bilingual Annual report on NRA activities for domestic and foreign public - detailed report for the specialists and a version for the Slovak Republic state authorities. On the occasion of the anniversary of the IAEA a special publication on the IAEA was prepared. Forty-nine contributions on NRA national and foreign activities were trans-missed to the Press Agency of the SR (TASR) over the course of 1997. In the journal Safety of Nuclear Energy the column 'Information' periodically carries the briefs on NRA activities. Four essential articles on NRA mission and responsibility in the are of peaceful uses of atomic energy were published in the Newsletter of the Slovak Information Agency (SIA). Contributions on NRA activities and international co-operation are periodically put out in the 'Slovenske elektrarne' Newsletter, the Slovak Nuclear Society Bulletin. Report on the Safety of NPPs in the Slovak Republic is annually published in the Journal European Nuclear Society - Nuclear Europe Worldscan. Some articles on NRA activities were published in the world information agency NucNet. The NRA issued in 1997 four editions of the internal Bulletin on the NRA's national and foreign activities and personnel. Three press conferences were held and six events were arranged in radio broadcasting in 1997

  20. The last season of cheap electricity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcan, P.; Mucka, F.

    2007-01-01

    The former 'Mr. SuperCEZ', as the Czech media often used to call Jaroslav Mil, claims he is not a nuclear fundamentalist. But in his opinion without the use of nuclear energy, Europe must expect an increase in the electricity price. The experience of the former director of CEZ caught the attention of the Italian directors of Enel and so he is now a member of the Board of Directors of Slovenske elektrarne. He criticises EU measures that do not offer a solution for either the energy sector or environment protection but make investments in the replacement of decommissioned European power stations uncertain. He says he is not an uncritical advocate of nuclear power, but in his opinion we do not have much choice. Energy consumption is growing fast and resources are being depleted. And if Europe does not want to become dependent on Russia there is no other option. Unless we want Putin's vision to come true: coal and nuclear resources will be kept by Russia for internal use and gas is for export. In the opinion of J. Mil, politicians are often populists and are only doing their jobs. They think in terms of 4-year election periods and then only in the better cases. He recalls that in 2000 politicians seriously considered the possibility of closing down the Temelin nuclear power station in the Czech Republic. As long as there is electricity in the sockets and the bulbs are glowing there is no crisis. The crisis will come when there is no electricity. He stresses that there will always be electricity but for a different price. He mentioned emission permits as an example of the attitude politicians have. This is a useless measure that only supports big business available to a narrow circle which does not help the environment at all. The Kyoto protocol without China, Brazil, India and the USA is a nightmare and does not solve anything in his opinion. (authors)

  1. Slovak Electric, Plc., 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-06-01

    Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, Plc., abbrevation 'SE, a.s.') is the Slovak electricity generating utility, incorporated on November 1, 1994 as one of new companies formed from substantially all of the assets and a legal successor of Slovensky energeticky podnik, s.p., founded on January 1, 1969 in the form of SEP group. From its predecessor, Slovak Electric, Plc., took over generation of power, operation of 220 kV and 400 kV power system, transit, import, export, and sale of electricity. It is also involved in generation, distribution, and sale of heat. At present, SE's share of electriciry sales in the Slovak Republic is 88.47%. Electricity is delivered to three regional distribution companies and directly to several major industrial enterprises. SE, a.s. operates one nuclear power station, three thermal power plants, and 30 hydro power plants. The second nuclear power plant is under construction (state up tu June 1997) and SE is participating in the construction of two hydro power plants and one combined cycle power plant. The efforts of SE, s.a. focus on the generation of power and heat with minimal environmental impacts. Ecology is given priority in the SE, a.s. development programmes. SE's mission is to permanently satisfy customers' needs, for an acceptable price and with minimal environmental impact. On this CD ROM next chapters are presented: (1) The structure of the Company; (2) Production units; (3) The economic power of the Company; (4) The operation culture; (5) The strategic plans of the Company

  2. POTENSI PENGEMBANGAN TEKNOLOGI ROOF GARDEN DI KAWASAN MAMPANG PRAPATAN DAN SEKITARNYA, JAKARTA SELATAN (Development Potential of Roof Garden Technology in Mampang Prapatan Area and Surroundings, South Jakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sitti Sarifa Kartika Kinasih

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kondisi kotaJakartayang memiliki beragam masalah lingkungan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan fakta rinci manfaat ekologis, ekonomis, estetika, dan sosial yang dapat diraih oleh kawasan Jalan Mampang Prapatan dengan penerapan roof garden secara meluas; mengkaji persepsi stakeholder mengenai roof garden di kawasan Mampang Prapatan dan sekitarnya; serta memperoleh fakta peluang dan tantangan dalam penerapannya di Mampang Prapatan dan sekitarnya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yakni analisis proyeksi manfaat dari citra Quick Bird kawasan Mampang Prapatan tahun 2010, analisis deskriptif induktif kondisi saat ini dan persepsi stakeholder terhadap penerapan roof garden, dan studi pustaka. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa analisis proyeksi manfaat dari blok terdelineasi daerah penelitian dengan luasan lahan 416.380 m2 dapat diperoleh manfaat secara ekologis (menghemat 25% energi yang biasa terpakai, dapat mereduksi 8.956 kg hingga 89.563 kg kotoran udara, dapat menjadi habitat untuk 597.088 tumbuhan, dan dapat meresapkan air hujan sebanyak 5.105.102 liter per tahun; secara ekonomis akan dapat menghasilkan 1.378 kg nasi mochi; secara estetis mengurangi kebisingan sekitar 10 dB hingga 40 dB serta dapat menyediakan 203 area estetis kota; secara sosial dapat memberikan tambahan 203 area komunitas pada blok kawasan terdelineasi Jalan Mampang Prapatan. Zona paling berpotensi memberikan manfaat adalah zona B yaitu zona perdagangan dan jasa (mengubah RTH existing 10,84% menjadi 28,15% dan terdapat 8 struktur di zona B yang telah menggunakan teknologi roof garden. Persepsi stakeholder dianalisis dari 5 konsep  telah terbukti sangat positif dan mendukung. Peluang penerapan roof garden di Mampang Prapatan dan sekitarnya jauh lebih besar daripada tantangan yang ada, bahkan solusi untuk tantangan tersebut diberikan oleh informan.   ABSTRACT This research is stimulated by the condition of Jakarta city

  3. Analisis Potensi Habitat dan Koridor Harimau Sumatera di Kawasan Hutan Lindung Bukit Batabuh, Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi, Provinsi Riau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oki Hadian Hadadi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Pulau Sumatera adalah surga bagi keanekaragaman hayati, tapi surga ini sedang terancam oleh berbagai tekanan dari aktivitas manusia dari konversi hutan, pembukaan lahan yang tidak terkendali untuk perkebunan, perambahan dan perburuan liar. Saat ini, hutan alam di Sumatera berada di bawah tekanan kuat yang mempengaruhi pada kondisi ekosistem dan keanekaragaman hayati di dalamnya. Situasi yang sama juga terjadi di pulau besar lainnya di Indonesia, yaitu Papua, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, dan Jawa. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan Penginderaan Jauh dan Sistem Informasi Geografis. Teknologi Penginderaan Jauh digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi tutupan lahan dan bentang alam berdasarkan genesis. Sementara teknologi GIS digunakan untuk menilai kesesuaian habitat harimau sumatera dan untuk menentukan potensi daerah untuk pengembangan koridor habitat untuk mempertahankan konektivitas antara dua blok hutan dipisahkan oleh jalan di daerah. Lokasi penelitian adalah Bukit Batabuh Hutan Lindung. Hasil penelitian menegaskan bahwa daerah penelitian ini cocok untuk mempertimbangkan sebagai habitat Harimau Sumatera, tetapi berfungsi sebagai habitat koridor saja dan tidak dianggap sebagai habitat inti, karena wilayahnya yang hanya mampu menampung kurang dari dua harimau. Namun demikian, mengingat lokasi strategis daerah ini sebagai hubungan antara dua kawasan lindung yaitu Rimbang Baling dan Taman Nasional Bukit Tigapuluh, wilayah ini sangat penting untuk dilindungi. Degradasi kesesuaian habitat terjadi pada kisaran 2002 - 2013 dengan indikasi pengurangan kawasan hutan alam yang berdampak langsung pada kondisi ekosistem di daerah. Keberadaan jalan memisahkan blok hutan Bukit Batabuh di daerah memberikan kontribusi yang terhadap tekanan tinggi kerusakan lingkungan. Lokasi potensial untuk membangun koridor habitat adalah lokasi di mana masih ada tutupan vegetasi yang relatif padat. Hutan alam di sepanjang jalan yang memisahkan hutan Bukit Batabuh telah

  4. Effective policy for sustainable behavior. A thematic comparison [in the Netherlands]; Effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag. Een thematische vergelijking [in Nederland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunsting, S.; Uyterlinde, M.; Tigchelaar, C.; Pol, M. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands); Breukers, S.; Mourik, R.; Backhaus, J.; Mathijsen, T. [DuneWorks, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2013-07-15

    behaviour; (e) allow for sufficient time to let behavioural change diffuse through society and support this process with consistent programmes and policies. In the wider context, programs and interventions would benefit from a more integrated policy approach to sustainable behaviours across domains. Furthermore, particularly at times when the government is withdrawing and investments in sustainable behavioural programmes are decreasing, it is vital to allow local governments, intermediary parties, stakeholders and end users as much freedom as possible to link and cooperate as they see fit. Finally, to foster the growth of such local initiatives, there is a need for platforms to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and expertise and to connect initiatives at different levels [Dutch] Als achtergrondstudie voor het advies Duurzame gedragspatronen zijn twee onderzoeken uitgevoerd naar effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag (1) in Nederland en (2) internationaal. De twee rapporten beschrijven een aantal beleidscases die vanuit gedragskundig perspectief geanalyseerd zijn. De bestudeerde thema's en de te analyseren beleidscases: Huishoudelijk energiegebruik: Blok voor blok/ Meer met Minder en energielabels voor woningen en huishoudelijke apparaten; Voedselconsumptie: smaaklessen en stadslandbouw; Persoonlijke mobiliteit: het nieuwe rijden en mobiliteitsmanagement (spitsmijden Noord-Brabant); Huishoudelijk afval: Plastic Heros en Diftar (gedifferentieerde afvaltarieven). Dit rapport is de thematische vergelijking voor Nederland.

  5. PERAN REVEGETASI TERHADAP RESTORASI TANAH PADA LAHAN REHABILITASI TAMBANG BATUBARA DI DAERAH TROPIKA (The Role of Revegetation on the Soil Restoration in Rehabilitation Areas of Tropical Coal Mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cahyono Agus

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Pertambangan batubara terbuka menyebabkan degradasi lahan, sehingga perlu upaya rehabilitasi lahan melalui program revegetasi. Penelitian dilakukan di areal PT. Berau Coal  pada site Binungan, Lati dan Sambarata, Kabupaten Berau, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap ber-blok dengan umur revegetasi sebagai perlakuan, tiga kali ulangan dan tiga site sebagai blok. Pemilihan lokasi menggunakan metode purposif sampling yaitu pengambilan sampel yang didasarkan pada pertimbangan pada umur pengolahan lahan revegetasi, meliputi S1 : area hutan sebelum ditambang (rona awal, S2 : revegetasi awal, umur tanaman  5 tahun. Pengambilan sampel tanah pada  kedalaman 0–20 dan 20-40 cm pada setiap perlakuan di ketiga lokasi, selanjutnya dianalisis sifat fisik dan kimianya. Tanah Typic Hapludult pada lahan hutan sebelum ditambang batubara secara terbuka (S1,  rona awal mempunyai kadar C-organik (1,87 %, N-total (0,14 %, P-tersedia (31,40 ppm, K-tertukar (0,11 me/100g, pH (3,98, KTK (10,72 me/100g dan kejenuhan basa (17 %. Penambangan terbuka batubara telah menyebabkan lapisan bawah dan  permukaan tanah menjadi terbongkar dan terjadi penurunan kualitas tanah yang sangat drastis. Penimbunan lahan dengan media tanah permukaan sebelumnya, telah cukup  mampu memperbaiki sifat-sifat tanah tertambang namun belum sesuai sebagai media pertumbuhan, serta sangat rentan terhadap degradasi lahan lebih lanjut. Revegetasi menggunakan tanaman pionir, cepat tumbuh dan adaptif seperti Sengon, Akasia, Sungkai, Melina, Angsana, Jarak serta Legume Cover Crop (LCC pada area bekas tambang  batubara memberikan pengaruh yang  nyata terhadap peningkatan kandungan C-organik, N-total dan  pH tanah. Revegetasi menggunakan spesies cepat tumbuh setelah berumur 5 tahun telah mengembalikan bahkan memperbaiki sifat kimia tanah dibanding dengan kondisi pada hutan tropika basah sebelum dilakukan penambangan terbuka.   ABSTRACT Open coal mining

  6. The association between reduced knee joint proprioception and medial meniscal abnormalities using MRI in knee osteoarthritis: results from the Amsterdam osteoarthritis cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Esch, M; Knoop, J; Hunter, D J; Klein, J-P; van der Leeden, M; Knol, D L; Reiding, D; Voorneman, R E; Gerritsen, M; Roorda, L D; Lems, W F; Dekker, J

    2013-05-01

    Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is characterized by pain and activity limitations. In knee OA, proprioceptive accuracy is reduced and might be associated with pain and activity limitations. Although causes of reduced proprioceptive accuracy are divergent, medial meniscal abnormalities, which are highly prevalent in knee OA, have been suggested to play an important role. No study has focussed on the association between proprioceptive accuracy and meniscal abnormalities in knee OA. To explore the association between reduced proprioceptive accuracy and medial meniscal abnormalities in a clinical sample of knee OA subjects. Cross-sectional study in 105 subjects with knee OA. Knee proprioceptive accuracy was assessed by determining the joint motion detection threshold in the knee extension direction. The knee was imaged with a 3.0 T magnetic resonance (MR) scanner. Number of regions with medial meniscal abnormalities and the extent of abnormality in the anterior and posterior horn and body were scored according to the Boston-Leeds Osteoarthritis Knee Score (BLOKS) method. Multiple regression analyzes were used to examine whether reduced proprioceptive accuracy was associated with medial meniscal abnormalities in knee OA subjects. Mean proprioceptive accuracy was 2.9° ± 1.9°. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-detected medial meniscal abnormalities were found in the anterior horn (78%), body (80%) and posterior horn (90%). Reduced proprioceptive accuracy was associated with both the number of regions with meniscal abnormalities (P pain, age, gender, body mass index (BMI) and duration of knee complaints. This is the first study showing that reduced proprioceptive accuracy is associated with medial meniscal abnormalities in knee OA. The study highlights the importance of meniscal abnormalities in understanding reduced proprioceptive accuracy in persons with knee OA. Copyright © 2013 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. All rights reserved.

  7. Imunoekspresi ER-α, PR, Wnt5a, dan HMGA2 pada Berbagai Gradasi Tumor Filodes Payudara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fairuz Quzwain

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Tumor filodes merupakan tumor fibroepitelial pada payudara yang secara mikroskopis ditandai dengan peningkatan selularitas sel stroma dan membentuk struktur seperti daun (leaf-like. Berbeda dengan tumor dari unsur epitel duktuli dan kelenjar payudara, penelitian peranan hormonal maupun faktor lain pada tumor filodes masih menunjukkan hasil yang inkonsisten sehingga menyebabkan patogenesis dan penatalaksanaan tumor ini dalam jalur hormonal masih kontroversi. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis imunoekspresi faktor hormonal, yaitu estrogen receptor alpha (ER-α, progesteron receptor (PR, serta faktor nonhormonal HMGA2 dan wnt5a pada berbagai gradasi tumor filodes payudara. Dilakukan penilaian histologi dan imunoekspresi pada parafin blok jaringan tumor filodes payudara di Laboratorium Departemen Patologi Anatomi RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung periode tahun 2011 sampai 2014. Subjek penelitian dibagi menjadi 3 kelompok gradasi berdasarkan kriteria WHO tahun 2012, yaitu benign, borderline, dan malignant. Didapatkan 62 kasus tumor filodes yang sebagian besar menunjukkan distribusi imunoekspresi ER-α >50%, yaitu pada kategori benign sebanyak 35 dari 40 pasien. Terdapat korelasi signifikan histoskor ER-α, HMGA2, dan Wnt5a dengan gradasi histopatologis PT (p=0,002; p=0,001; p=0,040 dengan arah negatif untuk ER-α 2 (R=−0,423 serta positif untuk HMGA2 dan Wnt5a (R=0,439 dan R=0,243. Pada penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan semakin besar nilai histoskor ER-α maka semakin banyak diekpresikan pada gradasi benign dan semakin besar nilai histoskor HMGA2 serta Wnt5a semakin banyak ditemukan pada gradasi malignant.

  8. Nonlinear dynamic model of a gear-rotor-bearing system considering the flash temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gou, Xiangfeng; Zhu, Lingyun; Qi, Changjun

    2017-12-01

    The instantaneous flash temperature is an important factor for gears in service. To investigate the effect of the flash temperature of a tooth surface on the dynamics of the spur gear system, a modified nonlinear dynamic model of a gear-rotor-bearing system is established. The factors such as the contact temperature of the tooth surface, time-varying stiffness, tooth surface friction, backlash, the comprehensive transmission error and so on are considered. The flash temperature of a tooth surface of pinion and gear is formulated according to Blok's flash temperature theory. The mathematical expression of the contact temperature of the tooth surface varied with time is derived and the tooth profile deformation caused by the change of the flash temperature of the tooth surface is calculated. The expression of the mesh stiffness varied with the flash temperature of the tooth surface is derived based on Hertz contact theory. The temperature stiffness is proposed and added to the nonlinear dynamic model of the system. The influence of load on the flash temperature of the tooth surface is analyzed in the parameters plane. The variation of the flash temperature of the tooth surface is studied. The numerical results indicate that the calculated method of the flash temperature of the gear tooth surface is effective and it can reflect the rules for the change of gear meshing temperature and sliding of the gear tooth surface. The effects of frequency, backlash, bearing clearance, comprehensive transmission error and time-varying stiffness on the nonlinear dynamics of the system are analyzed according to the bifurcation diagrams, Top Lyapunov Exponent (TLE) spectrums, phase portraits and Poincaré maps. Some nonlinear phenomena such as periodic bifurcation, grazing bifurcation, quasi-periodic bifurcation, chaos and its routes to chaos are investigated and the critical parameters are identified. The results provide an understanding of the system and serve as a useful reference

  9. STUDI PEMODELAN DAN PERHITUNGAN TRANSPORT MONTE CARLO DALAM TERAS HTR PEBBLE BED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuhair .

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Konsep sistem energi VHTR baik yang berbahan bakar pebble (VHTR pebble bed maupun blok prismatik (VHTR prismatik menarik perhatian fisikawan reaktor nuklir. Salah satu kelebihan teknologi bahan bakar bola adalah menawarkan terobosan teknologi pengisian bahan bakar tanpa harus menghentikan produksi listrik. Selain itu, partikel bahan bakar pebble dengan kernel uranium oksida (UO2 atau uranium oksikarbida (UCO yang dibalut TRISO dan pelapisan silikon karbida (SiC dianggap sebagai opsi utama dengan pertimbangan performa tinggi pada burn-up bahan bakar dan temperatur tinggi. Makalah ini mendiskusikan pemodelan dan perhitungan transport Monte Carlo dalam teras HTR pebble bed. HTR pebble bed adalah reaktor berpendingin gas temperatur tinggi dan bermoderator grafit dengan kemampuan kogenerasi. Perhitungan dikerjakan dengan program MCNP5 pada temperatur 1200 K. Pustaka data nuklir energi kontinu ENDF/B-V dan ENDF/B-VI dimanfaatkan untuk melengkapi analisis. Hasil perhitungan secara keseluruhan menunjukkan konsistensi dengan nilai keff yang hampir sama untuk pustaka data nuklir yang digunakan. Pustaka ENDF/B-VI (66c selalu memproduksi keff lebih besar dibandingkan ENDF/B-V (50c maupun ENDF/B-VI (60c dengan bias kurang dari 0,25%. Kisi BCC memprediksi keff hampir selalu lebih kecil daripada kisi lainnya, khususnya FCC. Nilai keff kisi BCC lebih dekat dengan kisi FCC dengan bias kurang dari 0,19% sedangkan dengan kisi SH bias perhitungannya kurang dari 0,22%. Fraksi packing yang sedikit berbeda (BCC= 61%, SH= 60,459% tidak membuat bias perhitungan menjadi berbeda jauh. Estimasi keff ketiga model kisi menyimpulkan bahwa model BCC lebih bisa diadopsi dalam perhitungan HTR pebble bed dibandingkan model FCC dan SH. Verifikasi hasil estimasi ini perlu dilakukan dengan simulasi Monte Carlo atau bahkan program deterministik lainnya guna optimisasi perhitungan teras reaktor temperatur tinggi.   Kata-kunci: kernel, TRISO, bahan bakar pebble, HTR pebble bed

  10. Russian Symbolism in its quest for the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. VOLZHENINA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Article is devoted to the vision of the future by Russian symbolists: what they were afraid of and what they dreamed about. On the basis of rich journalism heritage of symbolism author analyzed projects of the future proposed by poets, who wrote on the subject most frequently and profoundly: D. S. Merezhkovskij , A. A. Blok, Viach. I. Ivanov, Andrei Belyi. Analysis of each individual project, conceptualized in the best way by D. S. Merezhkovskij, was carried out. Author revealed a range of problems that were conceived by symbolism in its quest for an ideal future: problem “people and intellectuals”, traditional for the Russians by the beginning of 20th century, the role of the artist and art in the future, “the forthcoming ham”, and creating a new man. A comparison of positions on different issues of the symbolists was completed in the article. It was found that the impetus and direction of symbolists’ quest for the future were awoken by their comprehension of the key contradiction of the epoch. In the article this contradiction is described with a ternary opposition “personality—mass—society”. Thus, despite differing views on some problems (e.g. cancellation of problem “people and intellectuals” by D. S. Merezhkovskij, a total understanding of contradiction “personality—mass— society” was common: the future belongs to a free person, transformed, in any event, into a new man. Also, the article discusses the fate of the elements of creative practice of the symbolists. The main conclusion of the author concerned about symbolists’ future projects is that the heritage of symbolism, devoted to the topic, wasn’t assimilated by descendants, while new methods of creative behavior, developed by the symbolists and targeted at a mass audience, have become a part of life.

  11. Bond strength of a composite resin to glass ionomer cements using different adhesive systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina de Oliveira BECCI

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Glass ionomer cements are often used as a base or cavity lining prior to restorative material. Objective To evaluate the bond strength of a composite resin to different glass ionomer cements, when using a two-step conventional and self-etching adhesive systems. Material and method Three glass ionomer cements (Ketac Molar Easymix, Vitremer and Vitrebond, the composite resin Filtek Z350 XT and the adhesive systems Adper Single Bond 2, Clearfil SE Bond and Adper Easy One were used. As negative control, resin was bonded to cement without using an adhesive system. Holes (4 mm diameter, 2 mm deep prepared in acrilic bloks were filled with the glass ionomer cements (n=12/group. On the surface, an area of 1mm in diameter was delimited, the adhesive system was applied, and a specimen of composite resin with 1 mm height was made. After 24 hours storage (37 °C and 100% humidity, the microshear test was performed. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey test for comparison between groups (α=0.05. Result The adhesive systems significantly improved the bond strenght of composite resin to glass ionomer cements (p≤0.001. There was no significant difference in bond strength when self-etching adhesive systems were compared with the simplified etch-and-rinse adhesive, except for Vitrebond where Clearfil SE Bond determined higher bond strength when compared to Adper Single Bond 2 (p=0.003. Conclusion Self-etching adhesive systems are a good option for establishing the bond between the composite resin and the glass ionomer cement.

  12. The nature of dark matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kirillov, A.A.

    2006-01-01

    The observed strong dark-to-luminous matter coupling [F. Donato, et al., astro-ph/0403206, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., submitted for publication; G. Gentile, et al., Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 351 (2004) 903; D.T.F. Weldrake, et al., Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 340 (2003) 12; W.J.G. de Blok, A. Bosma, Astron. Astrophys. 385 (2002) 816; O. Gerhard, et al., Astrophys. J. 121 (2001) 1936; A. Borriello, et al., Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 341 (2003) 1109] suggests the existence of a some functional relation between visible and DM sources which leads to biased Einstein equations. We show that such a bias appears in the case when the topological structure of the actual Universe at very large distances does not match properly that of the Friedman space. We introduce a bias operator ρ DM =B-bar ρ vis and show that the simple bias function b=1/(4πr 0 r 2 )θ(r-r max ) (the kernel of B-bar ) allows to account for all the variety of observed DM halos in astrophysical systems. In galaxies such a bias forms the cored DM distribution with the radius R C ∼R opt (which explains the recently observed strong correlation between R C and R opt [F. Donato, et al., astro-ph/0403206, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., submitted for publication]), while for a point source it produces the logarithmic correction to the Newton's potential (which explains the observed flat rotation curves in spirals). Finally, we show that in the theory suggested the galaxy formation process leads to a specific variation with time of all interaction constants and, in particular, of the fine structure constant

  13. Pengaruh Warna Perangkap Feromon terhadap Hasil Tangkapan Imago Oryctes rhinoceros di Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idum Satia Santi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The effectiveness of a synthetic-pheromone trap with active ingredient of ethyl-4-methyloctanoate in catching adults of Oryctes rhinoceros was believed to be influenced by the trap color. A RCBD trial with single factor and three block replicates was conducted during September to October 2008 at Oil-Palm-Trial Station at PTPN III, Labuhan Batu District, North-Sumatera Province. The single factor was trap color i.e. orange, green, white, blue, red, yellow, and pink. Results showed that total numbers and sex ratios of collected O. rhinoceros adults were not significantly influenced by the trap color. The total numbers of collected O. rhinoceros adult during 30 days on color of orange, green, white, blue, red, yellow, and pink were 136, 177, 126, 155, 129, 114, and 113 individuals with sex ratios ♂/♀ 0.47, 0.52, 0.62, 0.50, 0.60, 0.49, and 0.54, respectively. The synthetic pheromone significantly attracted more O. rhinoceros female (65% rather than the male one (35%.   Keefektifan perangkap feromon sintetik berbahan aktif ethyl-4-methyloctanoate dalam menangkap imago Oryctes rhinoceros diyakini dipengaruhi oleh warna perangkap tersebut. Percobaan RCBD faktor tunggal dengan tiga blok ulangan dilakukan pada bulan September sampai dengan Oktober 2008 di kebun penelitian kelapa sawit PTPN III, Kabupaten Labuhan Batu, Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Faktor tunggal tersebut yakni warna perangkap meliputi oranye, hijau, putih, biru, merah, kuning, dan pink. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa warna perangkap tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap hasil tangkapan dan sex ratio imago O. rhinoceros. Total imago O. rhinoceros yang tertangkap selama 30 hari pada warna oranye, hijau, putih, biru, merah, kuning dan pink sebanyak 136, 177, 126, 155, 129, 114 dan 113 dengan sex ratio ♂/♀ 0,47; 0,52; 0,62; 0,50; 0,60; 0,49 dan 0,54. Feromon sintetik secara signifikan lebih banyak menarik imago betina (65% daripada yang jantan (35%.

  14. Mermer Kesme İşleminde Spesifik Enerji Faktörünün ANFIS ve YSA Yöntemleri ile Tahmini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MURAT CANER

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, mermer kesme parametrelerinin enerji tüketimine etkisi, Yapay Sinir Ağları ve ANFIS kullanılarak tahmin edilmiştir. Tahmin metotlarında giriş olarak mermerin sertliği, testere dönüş hızı ve kesme hızı parametreleri kullanılmış ve birim hacim başına harcanan kesme enerjisinin bir ifadesi olan spesifik enerji faktörü çıkış olarak alınmıştır. Ağların eğitimi için kullanılan veriler, Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi laboratuarlarında bulunan, mermer kesilebilirlik analizleri için geliştirilmiş, bilgisayar tabanlı, dairesel testereli blok kesme (S/T makinesinde yapılan bir deneysel çalışmadan alınmıştır. Bu veriler Denizli Traverteni ve Bilecik Bej tipi mermerlere ait kesim parametreleridir. Bu verilerin bir kısmı eğitimde kullanılmış ve tüm veriler daha sonra eğitilen ağlarda test edilmiştir. Tahmin edilen sonuçlar elde edilmiş deney sonuçlarıyla karşılaştırılmıştır. Sonuç olarak tahmin edilen verilerin deneysel verilere oldukça yakın olduğu görülmüştür.

  15. Desain Rantai Pasok Gas Alam Cair (LNG untuk Kebutuhan Pembangkit Listrik di Indonesia Bagian Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Arya Satya Dharma Putra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia merupakan negara yang memiliki gas alam yang melimpah, namun kurangnya kesadaran masyarakat Indonesia untuk memanfaatkan gas tersebut untuk kebutuhan listrik di Indonesia yang sekarang sedang dalam krisis terutama di Indonesia Timur. Salah satu penyebab krisis tenaga listrik yang terjadi di Indonesia adalah tingginya nilai harga bahan bakar minyak, dimana High Speed Diesel Oil merupakan bahan bakar utama bagi pembangkit listrik di Indonesia. Gas alam cair atau Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG dapat menjadi solusi alternatif bahan bakar bagi pembangkit listrik di Indonesia.Studi kali ini bertujuan untuk pemanfaatan gas alam cair (LNG untuk kebutuhan pembangkit listrik di Indonesia Timur dengan menentukan pola distribusi LNG dengan menggunakan Blok Masela sebagai sumber LNG dan menggunakan kapal untuk mendistribusikannya. Terdapat 39 pembangkit yang tersebar di 4 pulau yaitu Maluku, Nusa Tenggara Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur, dan Papua. Kapal yang digunakan untuk mendistribusikan terdapat 5 kapal dengan ukuran 2500 m3, 7500 m3, 10000 m3, 19500 m3, 23000 m3. Untuk mendapatkan rute distribusi, studi ini menggunakan metode Linear Programing dan dalam Vehicle Routing Problem. Hasil optimasi pada distribusi ini adalah rute dan kapal yang optimal / terbaik dengan biaya ekonomi yang minimal.Dari hasil penelitian ini pembangkit akan dibagi menjadi 5 cluster dimana terdapat 5 rute yang terpilih dengan menggunakan 6 kapal yaitu 5 kapal ukuran 2500 m3 dan 1 kapal dengan ukuran 7500m3. Biaya total yang diperlukan dalam mendistribusikan LNG sebesar US$ 111,863,119.15 untuk Opex dan US$ 283,967,000.00 untuk Capex. Hasil dari kajian ekonomi menunjukan bahwa margin penjualan yang terpilih adalah antara US$ 3.5 sampai US$ 3.9 dengan payback period selama 6.8 – 4.7 tahun tahun dari waktu operasi 20 tahun.

  16. Comparing SMAP to Macro-scale and Hyper-resolution Land Surface Models over Continental U. S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Ming; Cai, Xitian; Chaney, Nathaniel; Wood, Eric

    2016-04-01

    SMAP sensors collect moisture information in top soil at the spatial resolution of ~40 km (radiometer) and ~1 to 3 km (radar, before its failure in July 2015). Such information is extremely valuable for understanding various terrestrial hydrologic processes and their implications on human life. At the same time, soil moisture is a joint consequence of numerous physical processes (precipitation, temperature, radiation, topography, crop/vegetation dynamics, soil properties, etc.) that happen at a wide range of scales from tens of kilometers down to tens of meters. Therefore, a full and thorough analysis/exploration of SMAP data products calls for investigations at multiple spatial scales - from regional, to catchment, and to field scales. Here we first compare the SMAP retrievals to the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) macro-scale land surface model simulations over the continental U. S. region at 3 km resolution. The forcing inputs to the model are merged/downscaled from a suite of best available data products including the NLDAS-2 forcing, Stage IV and Stage II precipitation, GOES Surface and Insolation Products, and fine elevation data. The near real time VIC simulation is intended to provide a source of large scale comparisons at the active sensor resolution. Beyond the VIC model scale, we perform comparisons at 30 m resolution against the recently developed HydroBloks hyper-resolution land surface model over several densely gauged USDA experimental watersheds. Comparisons are also made against in-situ point-scale observations from various SMAP Cal/Val and field campaign sites.

  17. STUDI TENTANG PEMROSESAN TEPUNG SORGUM TERFOSFORILASI DAN APLIKASINYA PADA BERBAGAI ADONAN PASTRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ummi Rohajatien

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Sorghum is a potential alternative food source to be developed. The objective of the research is. (1 to know the effects of the treatment of STTP concen­tra­tion and duration of phosphorylation process to functional properties of sorghum flour; and (2 to know the comparison on both the physical and organoleptic quality of pastry product using basic material of phosphorylated sorghum and wheat flour. The research uses factorial randomized block design with 2 factors. T-Test is used to know both comparison on physical and organoleptic quality of pastry product by using basic material of phosphorylated sorghum and wheat flour. The result of T-test to the physical quality parameters of cake and pancake (cutting power, texture and color lightness was significantly different for the alpha 0,05. On the other hand, organoleptic quality parameters (appearance, taste, flavor, smoothness, softness and color were not significantly different. In addition, for cookies physical quality para­meters (broken power, texture, and color were significantly different. On the contrary, for organoleptic quality parameters, they were not significantly different. Sorgum merupakan sumber makanan alternatif sangat potensial untuk di­kembangkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1 mengetahui pengaruh perlakuan konsentrasi STTP dan lamanya proses fosforilasi pada sifat fungsional pada tepung sorgum; dan (2 me­ngetahui perbandingan kedua kualitas organopleptik dan fisik produk pastri dengan menggunakan bahan dasar tepung terigu sorgum terfosforilasi. Penelitian meng­gunakan rancangan blok acak faktorial dengan 2 faktor. T-test digunakan untuk mengetahui kedua perbandingan pada sifat fisik dan organoleptik produk pastri dengan menggunakan sifat dasar tepung terigu dan sorgum terfosforilasi. Hasil dari T-test pada parameter kualitas fisik cake dan kue dadar berbeda secara nyata pada alpa 0,05. Parameter kualitas organoleptik tidak berbeda nyata. Parameter kualitas fisik cookies

  18. THE POETICS OF IGOR SEVERYANIN AND LITERARY PARODY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20 TH CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina V. Kuznetsova

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the specificity of the pre-emigrant work by Igor Severyanin and its poetics (absurdity, paradox, mixture of style, nonsense, and exaggeration against the rapid development of popular literature at the turn of the 19 th and 20 th centuries and the rise of parodic genres in particular. Beginning his literary career, the young poet had to develop his own style deriving from the preceding generations of poets — elder and younger generations of Russian Symbolists. Most likely, his style developed as a conscious parody of Symbolist themes, images, masks, and stylistic devices. Critics (K. Mochulsky, W. Hovin, and О. Kushlina already pointed at the overlaps between Severyanin and other Symbolists and featured parodic elements in the work of the former. The rapid development of the genre of literary parody in the Russian literature at the turn of 19 th and 20 th centuries was likely to inspire Severyanin to use parody techniques in his work. To prove this hypothesis, the essay compares Severyanin’s poems with those of his elder contemporaries, such as V. Bryusov and K. Bal’mont and with literary parodies by S. Gorny, K. Chukovsky, and A. Blok that were famous in the early 20 th century. I read some of Severyanin’s poems as hidden parodies or “ambiguous texts.” They are different from traditional parodies in that they may be perceived as serious and independent works in case the background knowledge about their literary context is lost and also depending on the reader’s individual viewpoint.

  19. Status and development of deep geological repository in Slovak republic from geological point of view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozef Franzen

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available During the operation of Slovak NPPs, production of approximately 2,300 metric tons of spent fuel expressed as heavy metal (18,654 spent fuel assemblies is expected. In addition, about 5000 metric tons of radioactive waste unfit for near surface repository at Mochovce and destined for a deep geological disposal. The safe and long-term solution of back-end fuel cycle is so highly required.One of the most favorable solutions is Deep Geological Repository (DGR. The site for a DGR, along with repository design and the engineered barrier system must ensure long-term safety of the disposal system.A preliminary set of site-selection criteria for a DGR was proposed in Slovakia, based on worldwide experience and consistent with IAEA recommendations. Main groups of criteria are: 1 geological and tectonic stability of prospective sites; 2 appropriate characteristics of host rock (lithological homogeneity, suitable hydrogeological and geochemical conditions, favourable geotechnical setting, absence of mineral resources, etc.; 3 conflict of interests (natural resources, natural and cultural heritage, protected resources of thermal waters, etc..Based on the previous geological investigations, three distinct areas (five localities were determined as the most prospective sites for construction of a DGR so far. Three of them are built by granitoids rock (Tribeč Mts., Veporske vrchy Mts. and Stolicke vrchy Mts., other consist of sedimentary rock formations (Cerova vrchovina Upland and Rimavska kotlina Basin. Objective for the next investigation stage is to perform more detailed geological characterization of the prospective sites.

  20. Review of decommissioning, spent fuel and radwaste management in Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jamrich, J.

    2000-01-01

    Two nuclear power plants with two WWER reactors are currently under operation in Jaslovske Bohunice and NPP A-1 is under decommissioning on the same site. At the second nuclear site in the Slovak Republic in Mochovce third nuclear power plant with two units is in operation. In accordance with the basic Slovak legislation (Act on Peaceful Utilisation of Nuclear Energy) defining the responsibilities, roles and authorities for all organisations involved in the decommissioning of nuclear installations Nuclear Regulatory Authority requires submission of conceptual decommissioning plans by the licensee. The term 'decommissioning' is used to describe the set of actions to be taken at the end of the useful life of a facility, in order to retire the facility from service while, simultaneously, ensuring proper protection of the workers, the general public and the environment. This set of activities is in principle comprised of planning and organisation of decommissioning inclusive strategy development, post-operational activities, implementation of decommissioning (physical and radiological characterisation, decontamination, dismantling and demolition, waste and spent fuel management), radiological, aspects, completion of decommissioning as well as ensuring of funding for these activities. Responsibility for nuclear installations decommissioning, radwaste and spent fuel, management in Slovakia is with a subsidiary of Slovak Electric called Nuclear Installations Decommissioning Radwaste and Spent Fuel Management (acronym SE VYZ), established on January 1, 1996. This paper provides description of an approach to planning of the NPP A-1 and NPPs with WWER reactors decommissioning, realisation of treatment, conditioning and disposal of radwaste, as well as spent fuel management in Slovakia. It takes into account that detail papers on all these issues will follow later during this meeting. (author)

  1. Foreword

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rusko, P.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper Mr. Pavol Rusko, Vice-Premier Minister and Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic deals with Slovak energy power industry and with the current issue in relation to the completion of the 3 rd and 4 th blocks of the Mochovce nuclear power plants. The significant milestone either for the whole Slovak economy or for the electric engineering industry is the first May 2004, when the Slovak Republic became a member of the great European Union. It can be stated with great delight that the basic development trends correspondent to the conditions of globalisation, internationalisation of relationships and competitiveness of own production. Privatisation of the state enterprises and the ongoing reconstruction have stabilised developments of the electric engineering industry, what is reflected at present not only to the economic results, but also to the ongoing interest of foreign investors. The companies like Siemens, Alcatel, Matsushita, Molex and others became in Slovakia important investors. The world giants as Sony and Samsung promise dramatic changes that would shift the electric engineering industry to the second position, immediately after the car making industry. The export efficiency of this industry is very interesting from the view of the Slovak Republic Ministry of Economy. For the last year it covered 11.4 % of total exporting of the all industries and such trend appears as long-term. The electric engineering industry as the only processing industry in Slovakia has reported since 1998 the growth of employment. It reached the 3 rd place in terms of employment after the mechanical engineering industry and the light industry

  2. Fast and effective determination of strontium-90 in high volumes water samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basarabova, B.; Dulanska, S.

    2014-01-01

    A simple and fast method was developed for determination of 90 Sr in high volumes of water samples from vicinity of nuclear power facilities. Samples were taken from the environment near Nuclear Power Plants in Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce in Slovakia. For determination of 90 Sr was used solid phase extraction using commercial sorbent Analig R Sr-01 from company IBC Advanced Technologies, Inc.. Determination of 90 Sr was performed with dilute solution of HNO 3 (1.5-2 M) and also tested in base medium with NaOH. For elution of 90 Sr was used eluent EDTA with pH in range 8-9. To achieve fast determination, automation was applied, which brings significant reduction of separation time. Concentration of water samples with evaporation was not necessary. Separation was performed immediately after filtration of analyzed samples. The aim of this study was development of less expensive, time unlimited and energy saving method for determination of 90 Sr in comparison with conventional methods. Separation time for fast-flow with volume of 10 dm 3 of water samples was 3.5 hours (flow-rate approximately 3.2 dm 3 / 1 hour). Radiochemical strontium yield was traced by using radionuclide 85 Sr. Samples were measured with HPGe detector (High-purity Germanium detector) at energy E φ = 514 keV. By using Analig R Sr-01 yields in range 72 - 96 % were achieved. Separation based on solid phase extraction using Analig R Sr-01 employing utilization of automation offers new, fast and effective method for determination of 90 Sr in water matrix. After ingrowth of yttrium samples were measured by Liquid Scintillation Spectrometer Packard Tricarb 2900 TR with software Quanta Smart. (authors)

  3. Structural seismic upgrading of NPPs in Czech and Slovak republics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David, M. [DAVID Consulting, Engineering and Design Office, Prague (Czech Republic)

    1997-03-01

    Several Nuclear Power Plants of the VVER type has been constructed during the past years in former Czechoslovak Republic. Some of them has been already put in operation and some of them are under construction. Nuclear Power Plants V1(2 units of VVER 440/230), V2(2 units of VVER 440/213) in Slovak and NPP Dukovany (4 units of VVER 440/213) in Czech republic are in operation. NPP Mochovce (4 units of VVER 440/213) in Slovak and NPP Temelin (4 units reduced now to 2 units VVER 1000) have been already almost completed, but still under construction. All above cited NPPs have not been either explicitly designed against earthquake or the design against earthquake or its input data must be upgraded to be compatible with present requirements. The upgrading of seismic input as well the seismic upgrading of all structures and technological equipments for so many NPPs has involved a lot of comprehensive work in Czech as well as in Slovak republics. The upgrading cannot be completed in a short time and as a rule the seismic upgrading has been usually performed in several steps, beginning with the most important arrangements against seismic hazard. The basic principles and requirements for seismic upgrading has been defined in accordance with the international and particularly with the IAEA recommendations. About the requirements for seismic upgrading of NPPs in Czech and Slovak republics will be reported in other contribution. This contribution is dealing with the problems of seismic upgrading of NNPs civil engineering structures. The aim of this contribution is to point out some specific problems connected firstly with very complicated concept of Versa structures and secondly with the difficult task to increase the structural capacity to the required seismic level. (J.P.N.)

  4. Stress Tests and Vulnerability Assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wallner, A.; Lorenz, P.

    2012-01-01

    After the accident in Fukushima, nuclear safety as topic in anti-nuclear work has gained importance within the Joint Project countries. Therefore, nuclear safety and in particular the activities of the European stress tests were chosen to be the main focus of the Joint Project 2011/2012 as well as the common theme of the national projects. This brochure describes: A) Vulnerability Assessment A critical review of the EU Nuclear Stress Tests in Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Ukraine is presented in chapter 1. The review details the main weaknesses identified within the stress tests. Important shortcomings not mentioned in the stress tests reports are also discussed. These evaluations do not claim to be exhaustive, but the findings contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of safety and risk of nuclear power plants in Europe. B) Transparency of the stress tests In chapter 2 the experience of the Joint Project NGOs concerning transparency of the stress tests is presented. The information is not meant to be an evaluation of the transparency of the stress tests in general – such an evaluation is not possible within the scope of this brochure. The evaluation aims to show activities concerning stress tests and how they were conceived by the JP NGOs. Some recommendations for improvement are given. C) Safety focus Within the main topic “nuclear safety” of the Joint Project 2011/2012 the NGOs of each JP country selected a special safety relevant topic, which is/was of particular interest in their country: Bulgaria: The short story of Belene NPP – The victory – Key points of the campaign against the nuclear power plant Romania: Risks of the CANDU reactor design Czech Republic: Results of the conference “Power Plant Load Testing: Safety Inspection or Propaganda?“ Slovakia: Safety deficits of the NPP Mochovce These safety relevant issues are discussed in separate sections within the brochure at hand. (author)

  5. Case law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-01-01

    This section treats of the following case laws: 1 - Canada: Decision of the Canadian Federal Court of Appeal overturning a decision to send back for reconsideration an environmental assessment of a proposed new nuclear power plant in Ontario; 2 - France: Council of State decision, 28 November 2014, Federation 'Reseau sortir du nucleaire' (Nuclear Phase-Out network) and others vs. Electricite de France (EDF), Request No. 367013 for the annulment of: - The resolution of the French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) dated 4 July 2011 specifying additional regulations for Electricite de France (EDF) designed to strengthen the reactor basemat of reactor No. 1 in the Fessenheim nuclear power plant, and - The resolution of ASN dated 19 December 2012 approving the start of work on reinforcing the reactor basemat in accordance with the dossier submitted by EDF; 3 - Germany: Judgment of the European Court of Justice on the nuclear fuel tax; 4 - India: Judgment of the High Court of Kerala in a public interest litigation challenging the constitutional validity of the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010; 5 - Japan - District court decisions on lawsuits related to the restart of Sendai NPP and Takahama NPP; 6 - Poland: Decision of the Masovian Voivod concerning the legality of the resolution on holding a local referendum in the Commune of Rozan regarding a new radioactive waste repository; Certain provisions of the Regulation of the Minister of Health of 18 February 2011 on the conditions for safe use of ionising radiation for all types of medical exposure have been declared unconstitutional by a judgment pronounced by the Constitutional Tribunal; 7 - Slovak Republic: Developments in relation to the disclosure of information concerning the Mochovce nuclear power plant

  6. Application of discontinuity factors in C-PORCA 7 code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pos, I.; Parko, T.; Szabo, S. P.

    2010-01-01

    During last years there were up-rated the reactor power up to 1485 MW and new fuel types have been utilised at the Paks NPP. To fulfil the demand of the accuracy and correctness of on-line core monitoring and off-line core analysis the HELIOS/C-PORCA models have been modernised as well. The main step of this developing process was to change the mathematics of the 3D two group diffusion model on the basis of hybrid finite element method. The upgraded mathematics gave very good results comparing the C-PORCA calculations against mathematical benchmarks and measurements of different units and cycles of NPP Paks and Mochovce. As a final step of the modernisation process the application of flux discontinuity factors has been made. In the frame of VVER community the usage of this parameter in core analyses codes is very unusual in contrast with codes for the same purpose in western countries. In this paper both the reason of the introduction of discontinuity factors into HELIOS/C-PORCA models and its effect on the accuracy of calculation are also presented. We tried to emphasise which kind of codes and which kind of reactor-physical parameters can be influenced mainly by discontinuity factors. The method of the calculation of flux discontinuity factors in fuel and non-fuel regions of the core is also described. As the most important effect of the utilisation of this parameter was that almost all fittings in C-PORCA code based on in-core measurements have became needless. (Authors)

  7. Atoms in Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Danis, D.; Feik, K.; Florek, M.; Kmosena, J.; Chrapan, J.; Morovic, M.; Slugen, V.; Seliga, M.; Valovic, J.

    2006-01-01

    In this book the history of development of using of nuclear energy in the Slovak Republic as well as in the Czechoslovakia (before 1993 year) is presented. The aim of the book is to preserve the memory of the period when the creation and development of nuclear physics, technology, nuclear medicine, radioecology and energetics in Slovakia occurred - as witnessed by people who experienced this period and to adapt it to future generations. The Editorial board of the SNUS collected the views of 60 contributors and distinguished workers - Slovakian experts in nuclear science, education and technology. Calling upon a wide spectrum of experts ensured an objective historical description of the period. A huge amount of subjective views on recent decades were collected and supported by a wealth of photographic documentation. This created a synthesised reflection on the history of the 'atoms' in Slovakia. The book contains 15 tables, 192 black and white and 119 colour pictures from around the world and from places involved in the compilation of the study and with the study of atomic science in Slovakia. The main chapters are as follows: Atoms in the world, Atoms in Slovakia, Atoms in the educational system, Atoms in health services (Radiology, Nuclear medicine, Radiation protection, the Cyclotron centre of the Slovak Republic), Radioecology, Other applications of irradiation, Nuclear energetics (Electric energy in the second half of the 20 th century, NPP Bohunice, NPP Mochovce, the back-end of Nuclear energetics, Big names in Nuclear energetics in Slovakia), Chronology and an Appendix entitled 'Slovak companies in nuclear energetics'

  8. Chapter 10. Emergency preparedness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    Emergency preparedness is a set of measures the aim of which is to mitigate possible impacts of incident radiation accidents at nuclear installations and their consequences to the environment. Emergency Response Centre of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) was established as a technical support tool of UJD to evaluate the technical conditions of nuclear installations and also for assessment of radiation situation in case of accident and for prognosis of development of possible accident and evolution of its impact on the population and the environment. At the same time it serves as an advisory body for the national Emergency Commission for the Radiation Accidents for planning of optimal protective measures focusing on minimising the impact on population and the vicinity of NPP. Besides of completion of emergency procedures related to NPPs Bohunice also the first part of procedures for NPP Mochovce and procedures using a new EU code system RODOS. In 2000 UJD focused activities in emergency preparedness area on inspections, approval of on-site emergency plans of nuclear installations, review of emergency transport orders and of-site emergency plans. In accordance with an UJD inspection plan the inspectors of UJD carried out several inspections in area of emergency preparedness at all NPPs. The inspections were focused on checking the emergency exercises, review of preparedness of NPP staff in the area of emergency planning and review of documentation. There were no important insufficiencies revealed during the inspections. During the year 2000 the exercises were performed at all nuclear installations and the emergency transport orders were exercised as well. Testing of communication, preparedness of individual members of emergency headquarters, co-operation, operability of emergency centres and exchange of information were the main tasks of these exercises. In March the emergency exercise at the National Radioactive waste Repository on Mochovce

  9. Bohunice V-1. Review of safety upgrading and operating experiences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korec, J.; Kuschel, D.

    2000-01-01

    The Bohunice site in the Slovak Republic has two Russian-designed twin-unit nuclear power plants, one equipped with reactors of the WWER 440/230 type, the other with type WWER 440/213 reactors. Two older units (V-1) started commercial operation in late 1978 and 1980 respectively and have been supplying electricity to the national grid since that time without any events that could have degraded plant safety level. In the period prior to 1990 the utility Slovenske Elektrarne (S.E.) performed extensive modifications and upgrades to the original design of the two older units V-1 NPP. Furthermore, significant steps in safety improvement for Bohunice NPP V-1 have been made since 1990. Following the political restructuring of the former Czechoslovakia and the country's new open-door policy towards western organizations, several international expert missions were focused on evaluation of Bohunice NPP safety status level and operational reliability, particularly targeting the two older units. Based on recommendations of individual expert missions and complementary deterministic and probabilistic safety analyses performed by S.E., the Czechoslovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority issued the Resolution No. 5/91 defining 81 measures concerning further safety and reliability improvement of Bohunice V1 .A range of short-term and long-term upgrades was prioritised in terms of importance to plant safety and work to implement these measures commenced in the early nineties. During the 'Small Reconstruction' from 1991 to 1993 some of the short term upgrading measures were realized to eliminate the most serious safety deficits, thus to achieve a significant reduction in core damage frequency and a major improvement in confinement integrity. In this paper and presentation the goals of the gradual reconstruction project, basic engineering, detailed engineering and realization, last major stage of Unit 2 upgrade, as well as final stage of Unit 1 upgrade in early 2000 are presented

  10. Annual report 2002. 1.1.-21.1.2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pillar, V.

    2003-01-01

    In this Annual report of the Slovak Electric, plc (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.) the results of operation in 2002 for the period from January 1 to January 21 are presented. It is unusual for a year to be considered as a matter of a few days, however, this is the case given the events at Slovak Electric, joint stock company which as of 21. 1. 2002 was dissolved and from which three new joint stock companies were established. Further proof of this is the annual report for 2002, which details the economic performance of the company during these 21 days, and the quantity of electricity and heat it generated and supplied to consumers. I am pleased to be able to state that this period of far-reaching changes during which the division of Slovak Electric, joint stock company into the new Slovak Electric, joint stock company, Slovak Electricity Transmission System, joint stock company and Heat Plant Kosice, joint stock company took place, did not cause any problems for Slovak consumers of electricity and heat. During the mentioned 21 January days of 2002, the sources of Slovak Electric generated 836,751 MWh of electricity, which represents 107 percent of the planned generation. The net profit for this period was 742,920 thousand crowns, the main influence being, of course, its short duration. As our economists have confirmed, the most important fact with a significant impact on net profit can be considered to be the amount of deferred taxes, which totalled 1,026,789 thou. Sk. With respect to the dissolution of the company, the company will apply 50 % tax depreciation from annual depreciation, which will, however, be reflected in the results of the newly established company - SE, a.s., as in the subsequent 344 day period its tax deductible depreciation will fall. It is clear that in the forthcoming period, in addition to this, many financial issues remain to be resolved by the management connected with the new form of the business, price, and management relationships within

  11. R. Nemcsics: Before as sell it is necessary the power plants to get to know

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beer, G.; Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    Minister of Economy of the Slovak Republic Robert Nemcsics talks about privatisation of the Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s., Bratislava. An offer Czech CEZ for privatisation of SE submitted after deadline - in May this year - in a letter sent to privatisation agency National Property Fund (FNM). In spite of the fact that Minister Nemcsics did not dismiss this idea at the beginning, after the official statement by CEZ, he slightly changed his attitude and explained that including CEZ's offer additionally into this tender - though this would be legally correct - could be a problem if other prospects raised objections. The possible joining of SE and CEZ even became a part of political debate between R. Nemcsics and his Czech colleague Minister, Milan Urban. The whole concept of the planned privatisation gives a option of choice. For sale is offered SE as a whole, it's conventional part (water and coal-fired power stations) or nuclear power stations. None of the prospects has shown interest in SE as a whole or it's nuclear part. Manager of CEZ explained that his company was willing to buy the whole SE. And this is what, according to information R. Nemcsics provided to TREND, would be the most desirable output. All these - the tender with an unknown end, uncertainties in management and new plans of the Minister - came at the beginning of this year when the Slovak electricity market started opening to import. Representatives of SE announced last year already that current regulatory framework and liberalisation directives could considerably disturb its financial stability. Ministry of Economy has some objections to SE's presentation of its performance as the figures, says the Ministry, do not reflect the actual situation of the company and so the company cannot be transparently appreciated. The Minister talks about serious financial problems in SE and about concerns about re-payment of debts. Last year's earnings only support these statements. The only reason the company

  12. HUBUNGAN PERSENTASE DAN POLA STROMA REAKTIF DENGAN DERAJAT HISTOPATOLOGI LESI PROSTAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noza Hilbertina

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakAktivasi dari lingkungan mikro stromal pada pejamu diperkirakan merupakan tahapan kritis dalam pertumbuhan dan progresi dari adenokarsinoma. Stroma reaktif ini sangat penting dalam merangsang invasi, progresi dan metastasis tumor. Kanker prostat adalah kanker yang tersering pada laki-laki.. Elemen pembeda pada prostat adalah fenotipe otot polos yang ada pada jaringan prostat normal sulit dibedakan dengan stroma reaktif pada pewarnaan rutin yaitu hematoksilin eosin. Dengan aplikasi pulasan Masson trichrome maka stroma normal dan stroma reaktif dapat dibedakan secara jelas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persentase dan pola distribusi stroma reaktif berdasarkan derajat histopatologi lesi prostat.Seratus sepuluh kasus lesi prostat yang telah didiagnosis di Laboratorium Patologi FK-Unand, Padang dilakukan review ulang terhadap derajat histopatologi lesi. Selanjutnya blok parafin dari kasus yang bersangkutan dipotong ulang untuk pewarnaan Masson trichrome dan dinilai secara mikroskopik persentase dan pola stroma reaktif tersebut.Analisis statistik menunjukkan hubungan yang kuat dan bermakna secara statistik antara persentase stroma reaktif dengan derajat histopatologi lesi prostat dengan nilai r = 0,679 dan p < 0,05 dan juga terdapat hubungan yang bermakna secara statistik antara pola distribusi stroma reaktif dengan derajat histopatologi lesi prostat dengan nilai p < 0,05Kata Kunci : Derajat histopatologi, persentase stroma reaktif, pola stroma reaktifAbstractActivation of the host stromal microenvironment is predicted to be a critical step in adenocarcinoma growth and progression. Reactive stroma in cancer would be predicted to enhance tumor progression, stimulating invasion and metastasis. Prostat cancer is the most cancer in men. Prostat cancer reactive stroma is composed of a myofibroblast/fibroblast mix. A simple trichrome stain makes the process of distinguishing normal stroma and reactive stroma more obvious. We examined the

  13. Pancreatic Injury Caused By A Fall From Height: Transection at the Tail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cem OKTAY

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY: Isolated pancreatic injury due to blunt abdominal trauma is rare and may be clinically difficult to diagnose. Parenchymal injuries may not be recognized during initial evaluation. We report the case of a 30-year-old male presented to the Emergency Department (ED with the complaint of persistent abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. His medical history revealed that he fell from a height of approximately 1.5 meters 1 day ago and hit an iron block. He was presented and discharged from another hospital ED. Contrast enhanced computerized tomography (CECT of the abdomen was ordered during his second presentation and revealed pancreatic parenchymal contusion, laceration, and transection at the tail of pancreas. Our findings suggest that, when there is high index of suspicion for pancreatic injury, a CECT should always be ordered. ÖZET: Künt abdominal travmaya bağlı izole pankreas yaralanması nadirdir ve klinik olarak tanı konulması zordur. Parankimal yaralanmalar ilk değerlendirme sırasında ayırt edilemeyebilinir. Bu yazıda, devam eden karın ağrısı, bulantı ve kusma yakınması ile acil servise başvuran 30 yaşındaki bir hasta sunuldu. Hastanın öyküsünde bir gün önce 1.5 metre yükseklikten demir bir blok üzerine düştüğü ve başvurduğu başka bir hastanenin acil servisinden taburcu edildiği öğrenildi. ikinci başvurusu sırasında kontrastlı batın tomografisi çekildi ve pankreas parankiminde kontüzyon, laserasyon ve pankreas kuyruk kesiminde kopma tespit edildi. Pankreas yaralanmasına ait yüksek şüphe mevcut ise kontrastlı batın tomografisi her zaman istenmelidir. Key words: Abdominal trauma, computed tomography, pancreatic injury, Anahtar sözcükler: Karın travması, bilgisayarlı tomografi, pankreas yaralanması

  14. APLIKASI SILVIKULTUR INTENSIF UNTUK PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN PENGAYAAN PADA LAHAN REKLAMASI TAMBANG BATUBARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusanto Nugroho

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduksi jenis unggulan local untuk pengayaan tanaman di lahan reklamasi tambang batubara sebagai terobosan untuk meningkatkan keragaman tanaman dan nilai fungsi lahan reklamasi. silvikultur intensif digunakan untuk memberikan ruang tumbuh yang optimal untuk tanaman introduksi tumbuh secara optimal.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pertumbuhan tanaman introduksi dengan aplikasi silvikultur intensif terhadap 6 jenis pohon unggulan local yang meliputi  durian, karet, sawo, mangga, petai dan cempedak pada lahan reklamasi dengan tanaman reklamasi jenis Acacia auriculiformis yang berumur 1 tahun. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode rancangan blok lengkap dengan 6 perlakuan dan ulangan sebanyak 3 ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi silvikultur intensif memberikan persen hidup tanaman introduksi mencapai 83,33 % pada umur 1,5 tahun di lapangan. Persen hidup tertinggi dicapai oleh jenis mangga, karet  dan petai  dengan persen hidup diatas  80% dan persen hidup dibawah 80 % ialah jenis durian dan cempedak. Jenis mangga dan karet menunjukkan pertumbuhan tinggi dan diameter terbaik dibandingkan dengan jenis tanaman lainnya. Adaptasi dan daya tahan jenis mangga dan karet pada lahan pasca tambang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan keempat jenis unggulan lainnya. Local species superior trees introductions for enrichment plants at coal mine reclamation land as a breakthrough to increase diversity of crops and reclamation land function value. Intensive silviculture used to provide optimal growing space for plants that grow optimally introduction. This study aimed to analyze the growth of plants introduced by the application of intensive silviculture of 6 local species superior trees that durian, rubber, sapodilla, mango, petai/pete and cempedak on reclamation land by the reclamation plant species of Acacia auriculiformis the age of 1 year. The research method using a complete block design with 6 treatments and repetition as much as

  15. Pemanfaatan Foto Udara Format Kecil untuk Ekstraksi Digital Elevation Model dengan Metode Stereoplotting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufik Hery Purwanto

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV sebagai wahana dan kamera digital non-metrik sebagai sensor semakin mempermudah dalam akuisisi data foto udara Foto Udara Format Kecil (FUFK. Penelitian ini bertujuan menerapkan metode stereoplotting digital untuk menghasilkan Digital Elevation Model (DEM dari FUFK hasil pemotretan udara dengan wahana UAV sebagian bukit Jering yang merupakan lokasi pembangunan perumahan murah bersubsidi Godean Jogja Hill’s. Metode penelitian ini meliputi: proses perencanaan (perencanaan jalur terbang, pelaksanaan pemotretan udara, pengolahan data (kalibrasi kamera, koreksi foto udara, stereoplotting, interpolasi, dan uji akurasi. Hasil penelitian adalah blok FUFK dan DEM dengan metode stereoplotting. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah FUFK yang diperoleh dari UAV memiliki distorsi lensa yang cukup besar, oleh karena itu stereoplotting interaktif dapat diterapkan pada FUFK dengan hasil yang cukup baik jika FUFK yang digunakan telah terkoreksi dari distorsi, terutama distorsi lensa. Akurasi absolut DEM yang dihasilkan memiliki HRMSE sebesar 0.073 meter dengan horizontal accuracy yang mencapai 0.121 meter, sedangkan RMSEz yang dimiliki hanya mampu mencapai 0.482 meter dengan vertical accurasi yang mencapai 0.793 meter pada tingkat kepercayaan 90%. Berdasarkan DEM yang diperoleh, maka dapat digunakan untuk merepresentasikan konfigurasi permukaan bukit dan menghitung volume sebagian bukit Jering yang telah dikeruk sebesar 55.953,813 m3.   The development of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV as a vehicle and non-metric digital camera as a sensor further simplify the data acquisition of Small Format Aerial Photography (SFAP. This study aims to apply digital stereoplotting method for generating Digital Elevation Model (DEM of SFAP results of aerial photography with UAV on the Jering hill which is cheap subsidized housing location named Godean Yogyakarta Hill’s. This research method includes: flight planning (flight paths

  16. UÇUCU KÜL VE FOSFOALÇININ YAPI ELEMANI ÜRETİMİNDE KULLANIM OLANAKLARI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhayat DEĞİRMENCİ

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada uçucu kül, kireç ve fosfoalçı kullanılarak uçucu kül-kireç-fosfoalçı esaslı bir bağlayıcı üretilmiştir. 28 günlük numunelerin su emme, kuru birim ağırlık, basınç ve çekme dayanımları tayin edilmiştir. Deney sonuçlarına göre fosfojips basınç ve çekme dayanımını azaltırken, uçucu kül dayanımları arttırmaktadır. Kür koşulları da dayanımlar üzerinde etkili olmaktadır. Uçucu kül-kireç-fosfoalçı esaslı bu bağlayıcı 28 günden sonra dayanım kazanmaktadır. Dayanım gerekliliği nedeniyle fosfoalçı oranı %20 olarak sabit tutulmalıdır. Numunelerin su emmesi ve ısı iletkenliği fosfoalçı oranı ile artmaktadır. Aynı zamanda fosfoalçı oranındaki artış birim ağırlığın azalmasına neden olmaktadır. Deney sonuçları geliştirilen bağlayıcının blok eleman, harç ve düşük dayanımlı malzeme üretiminde kullanılabileceğini göstermektedir.

  17. Conventional versus single-ladder-splitting contributions to double parton scattering production of two quarkonia, two Higgs bosons, and cc xAFcc xAF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaunt, Jonathan R.; Maciuła, Rafał; Szczurek, Antoni

    2014-09-01

    The double parton distributions (dPDF), both conventional (i.e. double ladder) and those corresponding to 1→2 ladder splitting, are calculated and compared for different two-parton combinations. The conventional and splitting dPDFs have very similar shape in x1 and x2. We make a first quantitative evaluation of the single-ladder-splitting contribution to double parton scattering (DPS) production of two S- or P-wave quarkonia, two Higgs bosons and cc ¯cc ¯. The ratio of the single-ladder-splitting to conventional (i.e. double ladder against double ladder) contributions is discussed as a function of center-of-mass energy, mass of the produced system and other kinematical variables. Using a simple model for the dependence of the conventional two-parton distribution on transverse parton separation (Gaussian and independent of xi and scales), we find that the single-ladder-splitting (or 2v1) contribution is as big as the conventional (or 2v2) contribution discussed in recent years in the literature. In many experimental studies of DPS, one extracts the quantity 1/σeff=σDPS/(σSPS ,1σSPS,2), with σSPS ,1 and σSPS ,2 being the single scattering cross sections for the two subprocesses in the DPS process. Many past phenomenological studies of DPS have only considered the conventional contribution and have obtained values a factor of ˜2 too small for 1/σeff. Our analysis shows that it is important also to consider the ladder-splitting mechanism, and that this might resolve the discrepancy (this was also pointed out in a recent study by Blok et al.). The differential distributions in rapidity and transverse momenta calculated for conventional and single-ladder-splitting DPS processes are however very similar which causes their experimental separation to be rather difficult, if not impossible. The direct consequence of the existence of the two components (conventional and splitting) is the energy and process dependence of the empirical parameter σeff. This is

  18. Academic Support Program in the Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Engineering of the University of Cordoba (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Sergio; Navarro, Rafael M.; Camacho, Emilio; Gallardo, Rosa; García-Ferrer, Alfonso; Pérez-Marín, M. Dolores; Peña, Adolfo; Taguas, Encarnación V.

    2014-05-01

    The incorporation of new students to undergraduate degrees is performed in different stages through a long, sequential enrollment process. The student integration to the new context of higher education including group work and new teaching methodologies lead to notable adaptation difficulties to this new educational environment. In fact, the highest rate of student failure in the Bachelor degree usually happens during the first courses. The Unit of Quality Evaluation/Monitoring of School of Agricultural and Forest Engineering (ETSIAM) has detected that these failure rates at first and second degree course may be reduced through the involvement of students in a support learning process, by increasing their skills and motivation as well as the contact with the University environment in the context of their future professional horizon. In order to establish a program of this type, it has been launched an Academic Support Program (ASP) at the ETSIAM. This program aims to achieve and reinforce the basic academic and personal skills/competences require by the Bologna's process (BC) and specific competences of the engineers on the area of Agriculture and Forestry in the European context. The ASP includes diferent bloks of seminars, lectures, collaborative work and discussion groups among students, professionals, professors and researchers and it has been designed based on these competences and tranversal contents in both degrees. These activities are planned in a common time for both degrees, out of teaching classes. In addition, a virtual space in Moodle has been created for discussion forums and preparation activities. Additional information about schedules, speakers and companies, presentations and other material are also provided. In the preliminary implementation of the ASP, we will present the results corresponding to the first year of this academic support program. We have conducted a survey among the students in order to have a first feedback about the impact of

  19. Volatile organic compound emissions from arctic vegetation highly responsive to experimental warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinnan, Riikka; Kramshøj, Magnus; Lindwall, Frida; Schollert, Michelle; Svendsen, Sarah H.; Valolahti, Hanna

    2017-04-01

    ., Nymand J., Ro-Poulsen H., Rinnan R. (2016) Large increases in arctic biogenic volatile emissions are a direct effect of warming. Nature Geoscience 9: 349-352. Lindwall F., Schollert M., Michelsen A., Blok D., Rinnan R. (2016) Fourfold higher tundra volatile emissions due to arctic summer warming. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 121: 895-902, doi: 10.1002/2015JG003295. Valolahti H., Kivimäenpää M., Faubert P., Michelsen A., Rinnan R. (2015) Climate change-induced vegetation change as a driver of increased subarctic biogenic volatile organic compound emissions. Global Change Biology 21: 3478-3488.

  20. PENGARUH TIPE LANTAI KANDANG DAN KEPADATAN TERNAK TERHADAP TABIAT MAKAN AYAM PEDAGING UMUR 2-6 MINGGU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ENY PUSPANI

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh tipe lantai dan kepadatan ternak yang berbeda terhadap tabiat makan ayam pedaging telah dilaksanakan di Tabanan, Bali. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak kelompok dengan pola faktorial 3×3 dalam 3 blok. Faktor pertama adalah tipe lantai kandang yang terdiri dari litter sekam di tanah (L1, lantai slat bambu (L2 dan lantai litter panggung (L3. Faktor kedua adalah kepadatan ternak yang terdiri dari 10 ekor/m2 (P1, 12 ekor/m2 (P2, dan 14 ekor/m2 (P3. Hasil penelitian tabiat makan menunjukkan bahwa frekuensi makan, frekuensi minum, frekuensi istirahat pada L1 nyata lebih tinggi (P0,05. Lama minum pada L3 nyata lebih lama (P0,05. Lama makan pada P1 nyata lebih lama (P0,05. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak terjadi interaksi antara tipe lantai dan kepadatan ternak terhadap tabiat makan, lantai slat bambu dan litter panggung menghasilkan tabiat makan yan lebih baik dibandingkan litter sekam di tanah. Kepadatan ternak 10 ekor/m2 menghasilkan tabiat makan lebih baik daripada 12 ekor/m2 dan 14 ekor/m2. THE EFFECT OF FLOOR TYPE AND BIRDS DENSITY ON FEEDING BEHAVIOUR OF BROILER AGED 2-6 WEEKS ABSTRACT The experiment aimed to study the effect of floor type and birds density on feeding behaviour of broilers. This experiment was carried out at Tabanan, Bali. The experiment used a completely randomized block design (CRBD with factorial arrangement (3x3 in tree blocks. The first factor was floor type consisted of deep litter in the ground (L1, bamboo slat floor (L2 and litter podium floor (L3. The second factor was birds density consisted of 10 birds/m¬2 (P1, 12 birds/m2 (P2, and 14 birds/m2 (P3. The results of the experiment showed that the frequency of the eating, the drinking, and the resting at L1 were significantly higher (P0.05. The time for drinking at L3 was significantly longer (P0.05. The time feeding of P1 were significantly longer (P0.05. It was concluded that

  1. Development of an allergy management support system in primary care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flokstra - de Blok BMJ

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Bertine MJ Flokstra - de Blok,1,2 Thys van der Molen,1,2 Wianda A Christoffers,3 Janwillem WH Kocks,1,2 Richard L Oei,4 Joanne NG Oude Elberink,2,4 Emmy M Roerdink,5 Marie Louise Schuttelaar,3 Jantina L van der Velde,1,2 Thecla M Brakel,1,6 Anthony EJ Dubois2,5 1Department of General Practice, 2GRIAC Research Institute, 3Department of Dermatology, 4Department of Allergology, 5Department of Pediatric Pulmonology and Pediatric Allergy, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, 6Teaching Unit, Department of Social Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands Background: Management of allergic patients in the population is becoming more difficult because of increases in both complexity and prevalence. Although general practitioners (GPs are expected to play an important role in the care of allergic patients, they often feel ill-equipped for this task. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop an allergy management support system (AMSS for primary care. Methods: Through literature review, interviewing and testing in secondary and primary care patients, an allergy history questionnaire was constructed by allergists, dermatologists, GPs and researchers based on primary care and specialists’ allergy guidelines and their clinical knowledge. Patterns of AMSS questionnaire responses and specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE-test outcomes were used to identify diagnostic categories and develop corresponding management recommendations. Validity of the AMSS was investigated by comparing specialist (gold standard and AMSS diagnostic categories. Results: The two-page patient-completed AMSS questionnaire consists of 12 (mainly multiple choice questions on symptoms, triggers, severity and medication. Based on the AMSS questionnaires and sIgE-test outcome of 118 patients, approximately 150 diagnostic categories of allergic rhinitis, asthma, atopic dermatitis, anaphylaxis, food allergy, hymenoptera allergy and other

  2. KAJIAN PENGGUNAAN PUPUK MIKRO CU TERHADAP PRODUKSI DAN PENDAPATAN USAHATANI KENTANG DI KECAMATAN LEMBANG, BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AGUS NURAWAN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Study on Effect of Cu Fertilizer against Production and Income of Potato Agribussines in Lembang Bandung. The study of the effect of Cu micro fertilizer on potatoes plant was conducted at Cikahuripan Village, Manoko with the altitude of 1,200 meters above sea level in Lembang West Java. Method used in this experiment was Randomized Blok Design (RBD with 5 level dosages of Cu/plant i.e. 1 0 ppm Cu (Control, 2 3 ppm Cu/plant, 3 20 ppm Cu/plant, 4 30 ppm Cu/plant, and 5 50 ppm Cu/ plant, all with 8 replication. The Cu fertilizer used in this experiment were: CuS04.4H2O with 23% concentration in form of solution. Two variables observed in this experiment were: tuber diameter, fresh condition, and Revenue and Cost Ratio (R/C ratio analysis. The objective of the study was: to observe the effect of Cu micro fertilizer on the growth and the productivity, along with the revenue and the benefit and cost ratio. The results showed that, with the dosage 3 ppm Cu/plant, shows a positive effect of productivity, and the dosage 20 ppm Cu/plant yields optimum productivity i.e. 429.75 g/plant. The dosage greater than 20 ppm showed decreasing in productivity e.g. with 50 ppm Cu/plant caused physiological and metabolism disorder to the plant. From the labor cost and Revenue Analysis we noted the following result: 1 with the treatment of 20 ppm (C treatment the revenue in Rp73,670,400 and R/C ratio of 1.82, 2 with the treatment of 3 ppm Cu/plant yield Rp 71,013,600 with R/C ratio of 1.82. 3 with the treatment of 40 ppm/plant yield Rp 63,874,800 with the R/C of 1.52. 4 with the treatment of 0 ppm (Control the revenue yield Rp 57,812,400 with the R/C ratio of 1.52.

  3. Radiological characterisation of V1 NPP technological systems and buildings - Activation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kristofova, Kristina; Rapant, Tibor; Svitek, Jaroslav

    2012-01-01

    from all activated components. Subsequently gamma spectrometry and hard-to-detect analyses have been applied. As a result, detailed radionuclide vectors for all activated components in accordance with requirements for near surface repository at Mochovce site have been determined. Based on radionuclide vectors, the radiological inventory including all radiological parameters for all activated components has been determined. Finally, obtained unique data on activated components, representing in total 1118 DDB items, have been imported into database developed within B6.4 project. (authors)

  4. Quantitative assessment of time trends: influence of time window selection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prosek, A.; Mavko, B.

    2004-01-01

    Quantitative assessment of thermalhydraulic system code predictions is today indispensable for code verification and validation. It is also needed for standard nuclear power plant nodalization development and qualification. Initially the Fast Fourier Transform Based Method (FFTBM) was proposed for accuracy quantification. Later a few new methods were proposed like Automated Code Assessment Program (ACAP) and Stochastic Approximation Ratio Based Method (SARBM). Recently, the review of FFTBM applications was done and reference FFTBM database was proposed consisting of most accurate international standard problems, standard problem exercises or organization calculations as judged by FFTBM. The calculations were presented by primary pressure average amplitude and total accuracy for the whole transient duration. The objective of this study was to investigate how the time window selection influences on the results. For the quantitative assessment various BETHSY experiments and Mochovce plant transient were selected and calculations obtained by RELAP5/MOD3.2 and RELAP5/MOD3.2.2 code, respectively. In the accuracy analysis each transient is subdivided into phases that define the time window and time interval. The time window is time duration of phase. The time interval is time window from the start time of first phase to the end time of selected phase. The analysis was performed for moving time window (sequence of narrow time windows) and increasing time interval (sequence of time intervals). The results for moving time window showed that accuracy measures were very time dependent and they efficiently showed the instantaneous discrepancies occurring in the calculated signal. They also give picture how complex is the transient. The average amplitude (AA) was compared with relative error function (the difference between calculated and measured signal divided by measured signal) and SARBM results. The trends for accuracy measures were similar. These results suggest that for

  5. Proposed approach to derivation of acceptance criteria for disposal of disused sealed sources mixed with other accepted wastes in near-surface repository

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salzer, P.; Stefula, V.; Homola, J.

    2003-01-01

    The Mochovce repository is described in the report. It is vault type near surface repository with 80 concrete vaults (2x2x20), 90 FRC containers (3.1 m 3 ) in one vault (3x10x3), compacted clay bath-tub around double row. 300 years of institutional control are envisioned.The following scenarios are examined: Normal evolution scenario; Alternative evolution scenarios (perforated clay barrier; well in close proximity); Intruder scenarios (construction of simple dwelling; construction of multi-storey building; construction of road; residence scenario). It is being proposed that the DSSs are disposed of in the containers together with normal operational waste. Long-lived alpha emitters - excluded a priori (e.g. 226 Ra); Short-lived (T 1/2 = 10 2 days) radionuclides - interim stored until decayed down to clearance level 60 Co - no activity limit, with due consideration of operational safety. The DSSs disposal issue is thus reduced to the disposal of 137 Cs. No limit has been imposed on total activity. Existing limits for operational waste: 3.13.10 13 Bq / container in the upper layer; 3.41.10 13 Bq / container in the bottom or intermediate layer. The acceptance criteria are assessed according to the risk. Two are models set up in MicroShield ver. 5.0. Homogenous source of 137 Cs in cubic concrete container and point source (hot spot) of the same activity. The result is - dose from the point source is 16.6 times higher than the one from the cube. As a result the following new restrictions arise for disposal of the 137 Cs spent industrial sources: disposal of DSSs is forbidden in the upper layer of the containers; maximum activity of the 137 Cs disused industrial source emplaced into the FRC container is 3.41x10 13 / 16.6 = 2.05x10 12 Bq in case of FRC filling by non-radioactive cement mortar; if the cemented radioactive waste is to be used for filling of FRC, decrease of the limit for the disused sealed source is equivalent to the radioactivity of the cement mixture

  6. VUJE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2006-01-01

    The year 2006 presents a continuing successful development of the company aimed at complex services for the energy. At the end of 2006 our company will have celebrated the thirtieth anniversary of a self-existent Nuclear Power Plant Research Institute (VUJE), which was established on January 1, 1974 by the Czechoslovak Federal Ministry of Fuel and Power. On this occasion we can assert that a way of preservation of the institute and later its existence as the incorporation with the activities to manage all the activities of nuclear power plant was a good choice. Our company has shown during its 30-year existence that it is able to preserve the commenced trend to be a significant engineering company in the field of energy and it has confirmed continuously its image of modern, flexible and viable company. Our prosperity has been based on the prosperity of our clients and on our ability to offer and realise top technical solutions that will provide economic, reliable and safe operation of the devices in energy. In the past including 2006 our company has been realising the most important projects in Slovak energy as Modernization of Bohunice V-2, Technology of medium and low-level radioactive treatment for Mochovce nuclear power plant, the Reconstruction oj Krizovany substation. Our success has been achieved thanks to our employees, their knowledge, qualitative products and modern technologies. Regarding the approaching the thirtieth anniversary of our institute we have to take into consideration that the success of our company depends on the collective work of all employees and their activities. Therefore it is obvious that in the 2006 we have been continuing in the improvement of social security scheme of our employees and in the process of increasing of their qualifications. A story of our company is the story of a successful firm, which managed to hold its own trend under difficult economic conditions of the last time. I believe in a well done joint realisation of

  7. Political pressure on nuclear - responsibility or business?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Petrech, Rastislav; Holy, Robert

    2001-01-01

    After more than 10 years since the fall of the 'iron curtain' some Central and East European countries were invited to talks on possible joining the European Union. The nuclear power industry and future development programmes in the countries were one of the crucial topics discussed. Nuclear field is probably the most sensitive one in terms of perception and acceptance by the public as well as politicians. To be able to really solve the issue of the nuclear industry future, it is necessary to know and understand the problems, which we'll have to cope with in a situation when the nuclear industry gets face-to-face in a competition with other electricity producers. Safety became the dominant issue roughly since the mid 80's, especially after the Chernobyl accident. Safety had always been important, however it was the top priority is this period. Public relations were seriously dealt with in parallel. Market liberalisation, decentralisation and privatisation has been the determining factor of further development of the nuclear industry since mid 90's. Probably the most important problem are the Public Relations. Positive public attitude and acceptance of nuclear power as an ,'ordinary' industry is the basic precondition for the further development. It is almost common practice that posts of NPP directors are occupied by public relations experts and experienced orators, whose power of arguments can convince people. Results of public opinion polls in many countries demonstrate that political views on the future of nuclear are in contradiction with public opinions. In Slovakia, for example, the nuclear has the support of 60-70 % in long-term. However, what is missing is a political force which might help completing Mochovce NPP units 3 and 4, even though in terms of near-future liberalisation this option proves to be the most advantageous one for replacement of older two units of Bohunice NPP (since the Government promised the units will be shut down in 2006 and 2008

  8. EdF let Germans manage Stredoslovenska Energetika

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    According to provisions of privatisation and shareholders agreement Stredoslovenska energetika (SSE), a.s., Zilina should be managed by the largest European power concern Electricite de France (EdF). But so far, one year after the acquisition, the only French member of the Supervisory board is its Chairman Patrick Luccioni. The Board has 5 members and two of them are German - Peter Weis and Martin Konerman. The latter joined in September this year. He came to Slovakia after years spent in Boards of Hungarian distribution companies - Elmu in Budapest and Emasz in Miskolcz. The name of Peter Weis still can be found on the web page of Emasz on the list of members of Supervisory Board. Strategic partner in both the mentioned Hungarian distribution companies is the third largest player on the German energy market - Energie Baden-Wurttemberg (EnBW). The French concern with its 35-percent stake is the biggest individual shareholder of the EnBW. EdF is reassessing its international projects. Due to an investment embargo the French will not be among the prospects interested in acquisition of Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava but the company management has also announced its intention to sell its minority stakes in northern and eastern Europe. The Paris head office of EdF announced its decision in the time when privatisation of Slovak distribution companies was culminating. And so in order to maintain its influence the 49-percent stake in SSE together with management control over the company will be transferred to EnBW. Spokeswoman of EnBW, Petra Wollmer did not say the company would not plan any acquisitions in area of its core business but stressed that these would have to be thoroughly examined. She did not wish to comment on any potential plans the company may have in Slovakia or that would relate to changes in the management bodies of SSE. Not even the Head of Communication Department of the Slovak distribution company, Pavel Muller was allowed to publish any

  9. E-cadherin and Vimentin as Predictors of Resistance to Preoperative Systemic Therapy in Patients with Advanced Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonar. S. Panigoro

    2017-01-01

    resistensi terapi sistemik preoperatif. Tujuan studi iniuntuk mengevaluasi peran E-cadherin dan vimentin sebagai prediktor resistensi terapi sistemik preoperatif pada kankerpayudara stadium lanjut. Studi analitik dengan desain cross sectional ini dilakukan di RS Kanker Dharmais dan RSUPNdr. Cipto Mangunkusumo sejak Juli 2015 sampai April 2016. Pasien kanker payudara stadium III-IV dibiopsi dan sampeldibuat blok parafin. Ekspresi E-cadherin dan vimentin dianalisis secara imunohistokimia. Respons terapi dievaluasisecara histopatologi dengan kriteria Miller-Payne pada pasien yang dilakukan mastektomi. Terdapat 65 pasien namun5 pasien karsinoma lobuler dieksklusi. Sebanyak 31 pasien diberikan kemoterapi dan 29 pasien diterapi hormonal;setelah terapi, 46 pasien layak mastektomi. E-cadherin dan vimentin positif pada 28 (60,9% dan 11(20,3% spesimen.Dua puluh tiga (50% pasien tidak menunjukkan respons terhadap terapi. Resistensi terapi dihubungkan dengan tipeterapi (OR=4,4; 95% CI=1,27-15,41; p=0,017 dan ekspresi vimentin (OR=6,75; 95% CI=1,27-30,02; p=0,016. Terapihormonal (ORadj=6,26; 95%CI=1,59-24.6; p=0,009 dan ekspresi vimentin (ORadj=8,75; 95%CI=1,43-57,4; p=0,019adalah prediktor independen resistensi terapi. Disimpulkan E-cadherin dan vimentin dapat berperan sebagai prediktorresistensi terapi sistemik preoperatif pada pasien kanker payudara stadium lanjut. Kata kunci: kanker payudara, cancer stemness, E-cadherin, terapi preoperatif, vimentin Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE

  10. Pre-anesthetic Anxiety Level in Children with Congenital Heart Disease: Comparison between Maternal Presence during Anesthetic Induction and Midazolam Premedication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna F Soenarto

    2016-09-01

    induksi anestesia terhadap tingkat kecemasan pra-anestesia anakdengan PJB. Penelitian dilakukan di RSUP Nasional Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National pada bulan April-September 2014. Uji klinis acak dilakukan pada anak dengan PJB usia 2-5 tahun. Subjek dibagi menjadikelompok premedikasi midazolam (P dan kelompok pendampingan ibu (I menurut randomisasi blok. Tiaptiapkelompok dinilai status mental dengan MINI KID dan tingkat kecemasan dengan MYPAS oleh duaobserver yang telah dilatih sebelumnya. Tingkat kecemasan dinilai saat awal, masuk ruang tindakan dansaat induksi anestesia. Kedua kelompok diinduksi dengan anestetika inhalasi sevofluran. Tidak didapatkanperbedaan bermakna skor MYPAS di antara kedua kelompok pada ketiga waktu pengukuran. Skor MYPAStermasuk dalam kategori tidak cemas (median skor 23,4. Skor MYPAS tertinggi didapatkan saat induksianestesia. Uji kesesuaian antara kedua observer didapatkan baik (k>0,5. Kesimpulannya, tidak terdapatperbedaan yang bermakna antara premedikasi midazolam dan kehadiran ibu selama induksi anestesia padakecemasan pra-anestesia anak dengan PJB . Kata kunci: Kecemasan pra-anestesia, kehadiran ibu, penyakit jantung bawaan, midazolam Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE

  11. PLOT REELED INTO AN EKPHRASIS IN BELLES LETTRES OF THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Vasil’evna Astaschenko

    2015-11-01

    evil mean? I’m going through my memory, what interesting things I heard and read about love, about the rights of genders, flesh, and find different clever words. But that’s just words ... They do not illuminate my soul with the understanding «(from the story of Avgusta Damanskaya» One day», published in the seventh issue of the «Education» magazine for 1908. The collision of pagan and Christian ekfrastic worlds is central in the novellas of G. Chulkov, S. Auslender, A. Mar and other representatives of the Russian decadence and Silver Age, which can not be considered in the context of Western European culture (from Stesichorus to Proust, from Zeu-xis with Parras to von Stuck with Knopf, for all the modernists (as well as realists of the early twentieth century, in the words of Alexander Blok, were sick with «Europeanism». However, Roerich and Vrubel, who are perceived not only as art revelation, but also a supreme religious revelation, and sometimes as an obsession, a temptation of the era, have a strong influence on the world art (not to mention the Russian art.

  12. RANCANG BANGUN APLIKASI PENGENALAN POLA SIDIK JARI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan Wahyudi

    2016-04-01

    adalah pengenalan sidik jari. Proses identifikasi sidik jari dapat dipercepat dengan cara mereduksi sejumlah sidik jari pembanding, seperti membagi database sidik jari ke dalam sejumlah kelas berdasarkan kelas yang telah didefinisikan sebelumnya, misalnya pola sidik jari. Pola sidik jari dibagi ke dalam lima kategori, yaitu: Whorls, Right Loops, Left Loops, Arch, dan Tented Arch. Salah satu teknik pengenalan pola (sidik jari adalah dengan jaringan saraf tiruan. Penelitian ini mengembangkan jaringan saraf tiruan RBF (Radial Basis Function, yang dikenal sebagai SLFNs (Single Hidden Layer Feed-forward Neural Networks yang handal dalam pengenalan pola. Penggunaan algoritma ELM (Extreme Learning Machine pada jaringan RBF merupakan salah satu alternatif untuk menghindari adanya komputasi yang lama karena tidak adanya penyesuaian bobot selama proses training sehingga waktu komputasi berlangsung relatif lebih singkat. OLS (Orthogonal Least Square digunakan untuk optimalisasi bobot dan penyederhanaan jaringan RBF. Sebagai proses pengolahan awal citra sidik jari dilakukan proses normalisasi grayscalling, perataan histogram, dan operasi blok. Metode ekstraksi fitur ciri yang digunakan berbasis orientasi arah dominan citra. Satu citra sidik jari diwakili oleh 256 nilai sudut dominan dalam satuan radian. Dari hasil uji coba program menunjukkan bahwa ELM-RBF dan OLS dapat mengenali pola sidik jari dengan akurasi 100% pada proses training dan 60% pada proses testing. Kata kunci: Pengenalan Pola Sidik Jari, Extreme Learning Machine, Radial Basis Function, Orthogonal Least Square

  13. The Amsterdam Cohort of Gender Dysphoria Study (1972-2015): Trends in Prevalence, Treatment, and Regrets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiepjes, Chantal M; Nota, Nienke M; de Blok, Christel J M; Klaver, Maartje; de Vries, Annelou L C; Wensing-Kruger, S Annelijn; de Jongh, Renate T; Bouman, Mark-Bram; Steensma, Thomas D; Cohen-Kettenis, Peggy; Gooren, Louis J G; Kreukels, Baudewijntje P C; den Heijer, Martin

    2018-04-01

    treatment approach, special attention should be given to those who choose less common forms of treatment. This study was performed in the largest Dutch gender identity clinic, which treats more than 95% of the transgender population in the Netherlands. Because of the retrospective design, some data could be missing. The number of people with gender identity issues seeking professional help increased dramatically in recent decades. The percentage of people who regretted gonadectomy remained small and did not show a tendency to increase. Wiepjes CM, Nota NM, de Blok CJM, et al. The Amsterdam Cohort of Gender Dysphoria Study (1972-2015): Trends in Prevalence, Treatment, and Regrets. J Sex Med 2018;15:582-590. Copyright © 2018 International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Hubungan Kualitas Tidur dengan Prestasi Akademik Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Angkatan 2010 FK Universitas Andalas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanafi Nilifda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKualitas tidur seseorang dikatakan baik apabila tidak menunjukkan berbagai tanda kekurangan tidur dan tidak mengalami masalah dalam tidurnya. Gangguan tidur banyak ditemui dikalangan dewasa muda terutama mahasiswa yang nantinya bisa menyebabkan berkurangnya konsentrasi belajar dan gangguan kesehatan. Hal ini bisa menyebabkan tidak tercapainya prestasi akademik secara optimal karena proses belajar menjadi terganggu. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan kualitas tidur dengan prestasi akademik mahasiswa pendidikan dokter angkatan 2010 FK Unand. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional. Total responden sebanyak 177 orang yang dipilih dengan teknik random sampling. Data kualitas tidur diambil dengan menggunakan indeks kualitas tidur Pittsburgh (PSQI dan prestasi akademik dari nilai ujian blok 4.2. Pada akhir penelitian dilakukan uji statistik chi square untuk mengetahui hubungan kedua variabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebanyak 51 mahasiswa (65% memiliki kualitas tidur dan prestasi akademik yang baik, 27 mahasiswa (35% memiliki kualitas tidur yang baik dengan prestasi akademik yang kurang baik, 43 mahasiswa (43% memiliki kualitas tidur yang buruk dengan prestasi akademik yang baik, dan 56 mahasiswa (57% memiliki kualitas tidur yang buruk dan prestasi akademik yang kurang baik. Berdasarkan uji chi square didapatkan nilai p=0,004 (p<0,05. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan terdapat hubungan antara kualitas tidur dengan prestasi akademik mahasiswa pendidikan dokter angkatan 2010FK Unand.Kata kunci: kualitas tidur, prestasi akademik, mahasiswa kedokteran AbstractThe good quality of sleep is there is no any disturbance in their sleep. The condition of sleep disorders commonly found among young adults, especially college students who can later cause a reduction in the concentration of learning and health problems. This can lead to failure to achieve optimal academic achievement because

  15. Kekerasan mikro enamel gigi permanen muda setelah aplikasi bahan pemutih gigi dan pasta remineralisasi (Enamel micro hardness of young permanent tooth after bleaching and remineralization paste application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budianto Liwang

    2014-12-01

    : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti kekerasan mikro permukaan email gigi permanen muda, dan efek aplikasi pasta remineralisasi setelah pemutihan gigi. Metode: Empat belas gigi permanen muda ditempatkan dalam blok resin dengan jendela pada enamel permukaan bukal dan dilakukan pengukuran kekerasan permukaan enamel sampel awal dengan menggunakan alat Microvickers Hardness Tester. Kemudian dilakukan aplikasi bahan bleaching hidrogen peroxide 30% sebanyak 3 kali masing-masing selama 15 menit. Setelah aplikasi bahan bleaching, kekerasan permukaan enamel sampel diukur kembali. Sampel dibagi 2 kelompok; kelompok pertama diaplikasi pasta remineralisasi Hidroksi apatit + NaF 1450ppm, dan kelompok kedua diaplikasi pasta CPP-ACP + NaF 900ppm. Masing-masing pasta tersebut diaplikasikan selama 30 menit 7 hari berturut-turut. Setelah aplikasi pasta remineralisasi, sampel diukur kembali kekerasan permukaan enamelnya. Hasil: Kekerasan mikro permukaan enamel menurun setelah aplikasi pemutih gigi, dari 333.09 ± 10.49 VHN ke 299,15 ± 5.70 VHN. Kekerasan mikro setelah aplikasi Hidroxy apatit + NaF "> 1450ppm adalah 316,61 ± 5.87 VHN dan setelah aplikasi CPP-ACP + NaF 900ppm adalah 319,94 ± 3,25 VHN, namun kekerasan mikro setelah aplikasi pasta remineralisasi masih lebih rendah dari kekerasan mikro awal. Simpulan: Bahan pemutih gigi menurunkan kekerasan mikro permukaan enamel gigi permanen muda secara signifikan. Aplikasi pasta remineralisasi dapat meningkatkan kembali kekerasan mikro permukaan enamel gigi permanen muda.

  16. Pengaruh Suplementasi Ganda Iodium dan Zat Besi (Fe terhadap Kadar Tsh, Ft4, T3 dan Ferritin Anak Sekolah Dasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donny Kristanto Mulyantoro

    2016-01-01

    penanggulangan Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Iodium (GAKI dan anemia. Kelompok masyarakat yang rawan terhadap kedua masalah gizi tersebut adalah anak usia sekolah yang sedang dalam masa pertumbuhan. Tujuan. Analisis ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan pengaruh suplementasi ganda iodium zat besi (Fe dengan suplementasi tunggal iodium dan suplementasi tunggal zat besi (Fe terhadap fungsi kelenjar tiroid dan status zat besi (Fe. Metode. Desain penelitian adalah randomized double blind contolled trial. Pemberian intervensi dilakukan dengan cara randomisasi dengan blok permutasi yang membagi partisipan penelitian ke dalam 4 kelompok yaitu kelompok suplementasi ganda iodium+zat besi (I+Fe, kelompok suplementasi tunggal iodium (I, kelompok suplementasi tunggal zat besi (Fe dan kelompok placebo. Partisipan penelitian adalah anak sekolah dasar umur 9 – 12 tahun. Intervensi dilakukan selama 13 minggu dan fungsi tiroid diukur berdasarkan kadar TSH, fT4 dan T3 serum, sedangkan status besi berdasarkan kadar feritin serum. Hasil. Pemberian suplementasi Iodium dan Fe (I+Fe dapat meningkatkan kadar feritin dan T3. Pemberian suplementasi Fe+I, I atau Fe dapat meningkatkan kadar fT4 walaupun secara statistik tidak bermakna. Uji ancova menunjukkan adamekanisme saling mempengaruhi antara feritin, fT4 dan T3. Kesimpulan. Tidak ada perbedaan nyata antara suplementasi ganda iodium zat besi (Fe dengan suplementasi tunggal iodium atau zat besi (Fe terhadap perubahan ferritin, TSH, fT4, dan T3 serum. Kata kunci: iodium, zat besi, suplementasi.

  17. Karakterizacija WCCo/NiCrBSi prevlake otporne na habanje / Characterization of wear resistant plasma sprayed WCCo/NiCrBSi self-fluxing coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihailo R. Mrdak

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available U radu su analizirani mikrostruktura, mehaničke i tribološke karakteristike (APS prevlake WCCoNiCrBSi koja se primenjuje za reparaciju cilindara nosne noge helikoptera. Tribološka procena prevlake određena je primenom tribometra blok-na-prstenu. Spregnuti materijalblokovi sa prevlakom ispitani su na okaljenom i poboljšanom čeličnom prstenu. Za ukupno odstojanje od 3000 m bili su konstantna brzina 0,5 m/s i opterećenje 400 N. Prednost primene ove prevlake je u značajnom produženju resursa delova uz smanjenje troškova eksploatacije i održavanja. / In this paper, the microstructural, mechanical and tribological properties of WCCoNiCrBSi thermal spray coatings, applied to repair the cylinders of helicopter nasal feet, were analyzed. The process used for coating deposition on steel substrate was the Atmospheric Plasma Spraying (APS.The plasma spray process is a procedure widely used for applying coatings with increased resistance to wear. The combination of WCCo and NiCrBSi powders produced coatings for the protection of metal parts exposed to wear abrasion, erosion and cavitation to 540°C. The WCCoNiCrBSi 50/50% powder is specially developed for the production of coatings of high cohesion and adhesive strength. The coatings are very dense, hard and smooth. Microstructures present in the layers are tungsten carbides and chromium layers that increase resistance to wear and abrasion. Powder is deposited on the substrate rugged with Al2O3. The substrates were heated at temperatures up to 200°C. Powder deposition was performed with the optimal deposition parameters The microstructure and micro hardness of the coating layer was investigated on the cross section of samples using the Pratt & Whitney standard. Micro hardness was tested using the Vickers scale with a load of 300g. The microstructure of the layers was investigated on an optical microscope (OM with a magnification of 400X. Testing of bond strength between coatings and substrates

  18. Beginnings of rocket development in the czech lands (Czechoslovakia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plavec, Michal

    2011-11-01

    and West Germany in 1957 and 1959. The first project involved the meteorological rockets Sokol I and Sokol II in 1960, which were never completed, as the rocket industry came under the exclusive sphere of interest of the Soviet Union. In Czechoslovakia only a Rocket Research and Test Institute was created by the Czechoslovak Ministry of Defence in 1963. The first Czechoslovak rockets to find practical use were launched in 1965. This study has been created as a part of the scientific project: Výzkumný záměr MSM 0021620827 České země uprostřed Evropy v minulosti a dnes, blok V/d: Česká vysoko\\vskolská vzdělanost.

  19. The view at nuclear renaissance via actual European and Slovak approach to nuclear education

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slugen, Vladimir

    2010-01-01

    level nuclear education is very important also due to permanent increasing of nuclear experts age. To replace some of them are not easy. Beside this, the nuclear community needs some internal dynamic, which is connected to the young people activities. The problem is that the amount of students taking these lectures is low. Proper education at the university is a source of knowledge and attitudes for the whole life. Theoretical and practical experiences, professional approach and consistency are very important also from the safety culture point of view. University lectures and seminars are basically opened for public and this academic field can be made better use of in public relations. It is an investment mainly to young generation. During discussions with students, teachers can form their professional orientation according to their abilities and needs. Good teacher encourages also the growth of student and shapes his personality. Graduated students have to learn to take responsibility for their decisions and their academic level of education. Unfortunately, there was not real interest for educated nuclear engineers from industry till know. Although oral declaration how these graduates are necessary for NPP operators, in reality the nuclear industry does not attract young specialist. About 50 percent of graduates of specialized nuclear power engineering study at STU Bratislava went completely out from this area. Hopefully next years connected to the commissioning of Mochovce 3, 4 will change this approach. The actual status of education and training in nuclear power engineering is the real cause for concern. This education has to be based on the serious long term basis organised and guaranteed by high quality academic institution. It is a duty of educated and responsible people to highlight the necessity for a renaissance in nuclear education and training and recommend the following points: We must act now; Strategic Role of Governments; The Challenges of revitalising

  20. Results of trial operation of new generation assemblies with improved vibration stability for WWER-440 reactors of V-230 and V-213 plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vasilchenko, I.; Lushin, V.; Shumeev, A.

    2006-01-01

    FAs, in the region of FA-and-absorber rod butt joint due to arrangement of hafnium plates in the upper part of FA casing was also solved. The correctness of solutions, laid down in the design of the new generation fuel assemblies, is successfully confirmed by the results of trial operation. It is planned to apply the new generation fuel for WWER-440 reactors of V-213 type at power units of Dukovany NPP in 2005, and in 2006 at Mochovce NPP and at Bohunice NPP V-2 units 3 and 4. In 2007 it is planned to extend an application of vibration-proof working assemblies of new generation for power units of V-230 type at Kola NPP Unit 1

  1. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plant Cierny Vah

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    This leaflet describes the Enterprise Cierny Vah Pumped storage hydropower plants of the joint stock company Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Cierny Vah PSHP). Cierny Vah PSHP has been designed and built for providing the reliable and quality electric energy supply and for covering load changes of an electrification system (ES). It is mainly the pumped storage hydro power plants which in our conditions are the sources operatively covering the sudden changes of the ES load from the ecological, economic but mainly from the operational point of view. The electric energy generation volume is not the primary standpoint but especially their control functions in the ES. During the building of the Cierny Vah PSP the peak operation with the daily accumulation, participation in frequency control and output in ES and the compensation function in ES were to be its main tasks. After putting it into operation but especially after its becoming independent of the Slovak ES in 1994 the static functions (energy generation from pumping, balance output reserves, daily control,...) gave way to dynamic functions which gained greater importance (sudden load changes control of ES, immediate meeting of the daily load diagram, frequency control and outputs given in ES, etc.) After interconnection of our ES with the UCPTE West European association in which there are besides other things, the strict criteria for observing balance of outputs, the main functions of PSPs are as follows: 1. Dynamic services for ES 2. Dispatching reserve for the fall out of the greatest ES block 3. Observing the foreign cooperation balance agreed 4. Compensation of peaks and also of sudden daily load diagram reductions. All the work is divided into four parts from the building point of view: The upper reservoir is an artificial one without the natural water inflow, built by excavation and slope on an Unknown elevation more than 1.150 m above sea level. A leading slope with a gradient 1:2 and a bottom of the reservoir

  2. Aplicação pre-emergente de misturas de alachlor com diuron e cyanazine para o controle de plantas daninhas em algodão "IAC-17" Pre-emergence application of mixtures of alachlor plus diuron and cyanazine for weed control in cotton 'IAC-17' crop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.S.P. Cruz

    1982-12-01

    superiores à testemunha sem capina.To know the action of alachlor plus diuron or cyanazine mixtures to control mono and dicotyledoneus weeds in cotton 'IAC -17' crop, a field experiment was done in 1981/82, in Mogi-Mirim (SP, on sandy clay texture soil, whe realachlor (2 ,15 kg; 2,58 kg and 3,0 kg/ha was applied in a tank mixture with diuron (1,00 kg/ha or cyanazine (1,0 kg/ha. Herbicides of the mixtures were also applied alone in those dosages. Hoed and unhoed treatments were also included. All 14 treatments were distributed in randomized bloks, with 4 repplications. Weed infestation observations were done at 14, 31, 45, 75, 82, 94 and 100 days after herbicides applications. When at least one plot had got 25% weed reinfestation, the whole treament was hoed and kept chean till harverting. Plant height, population and cotton production were also considered. The results showed that alachlor (3,01 kg/ha plus diuron (1,00 kg/ha gave good control during 100 days period, while alachlor (2,58 kg/ha plus diu ron (1 ,00 kg/ha and alachlor (2,58 kg/ha and 3,01 kg/ha plus cyanazine (1,00 kg/ha had control action for 94 days period. Alachlor (2,15 kg; 2,58 kg and 3,01 kg/ha plus diuron (1,00 kg/ha and alachlor (3,01 kg/ha plus cyanazine had a tendency to reduce plants height, according analysis results by Tukey test at 5%, while, unhoed check pre sented the lowest plant height. The population and production were not influenced by herbicide treatments, being similar to hoed check and higher tham unhoed check.

  3. Tankerlerde Yükleme-Tahliye Operasyon Sisteminin Otomasyonu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat H. A. ALTUN

    2015-12-01

    ılan bu hesap neticesinde bağlı olan gemi halatlarına yük binebileceği ya da tutma kuvvetinin azalabileceği gösterilebilmekte ve bu sayede halatların kesmesi(kopması önlenmiş olmaktadır. Sistemin alarm seviyeleri ve tasarım detayları bu yazıda detaylandırılmıştır. Sistem istenilen aşama esnasında kapatılıp manuel yükleme tahliye operasyonuna başlanabilmektedir. Yapılan bu otomasyon sistemi sayesinde operatör tüm tanklardaki değerleri her seferinde kontrol edip tank valflerini ayarlamak için zaman kaybetmemekte, bu zamanı meyil, trim, intakt stabilite, kargo miktarı değerlerini takip etmede ve ilk hedefteki kargo-balast değerlerine ulaşım safhalarını takip etmekte kullanacaktır. Bu sistem sayesinde operatörün aşırı yoğunluğu önlenmiş olmakta, dolayısıyla yorgunluğun önüne geçilmesi sayesinde insan kaynaklı hataların minimize edilmesi sağlanmış olacaktır. Alarm sistemleri sayesinde oluşabilecek beklenmedik kazaların önlenmesi hususunda erken müdahale yöntemi geliştirilmiş olacaktır (4. Bu sunumda, tasarlanan otomasyon sisteminin kullanıcı gereksinimleri, teknik isterler, proje ilk tasarımı için blok diyagramlar, projenin hayata geçirilmesi için belirlenen yol haritası (5 ve izlenecek spiral proje yönetimi (6 doğrultusunda proje tasarımı anlatılacaktır.

  4. Correlation of Risk Analysis Method Results with Numerical and Limit Equilibrium Methods in Overall Slope Stability Analysis of Southern Wall of Chadormalu Iron Open Pit Mine-Iran / Korelacja wyników analizy ryzyka z wynikami obliczeń numerycznych oraz wynikami uzyskanymi w oparciu o metodę równowagi granicznej zastosowanych do badania stabilności wyrobiska pochyłego na południowej ścianie odkrywkowej kopalni rud żelaza w chadormalu w Iranie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahangari, Kaveh; Paji, Arman Gholinezhad; Behdani, Alireza Siami

    2013-06-01

    Slope stability analysis is one of the most important factors in designing open pit mines. Therefore an optimal slope design that supports both aspects of economy and safety is very significant. There are many different methods in slope stability analysis including empirical, limit equilibrium, block theory, numerical, and probabilistic methods. In this study, to analyze the overall slope stability of southern wall of Chadormalu iron open pit mine three numerical, limit equilibrium and probabilistic methods have been used. Software and methods that is used for analytical investigation in this study are FLAC software for numerical analysis, SLIDE software and circuit failure chart for limit equilibrium analysis and qualitative fault tree and semi-quantitative risk matrix for probabilistic analysis. The results of all above mentioned methods, was a circular failure occurrence in Metasomatite rock zone between 1405 to 1525 m levels. The main factors of failure occurrence in this range were heavily jointing and existing of faults. Safety factors resulted from numerical method; Circular chart method and SLIDE software are 1.16, 1.25 and 1.27 respectively. Regarding instability and safety factors in Metasomatite rock zone, in order to stabilize the given zone, some considerations such as bench angle and height reduction should be planned. In results of risk matrix method this zone was mentioned too as a high risk zone that numerical and limit equilibrium methods confirmed this. Badanie stabilności wyrobiska pochyłego jest jednym z najważniejszych czynników uwzględnianych przy projektowaniu kopalni odkrywkowych. Optymalne zaprojektowanie wyrobiska pochyłego z uwzględnieniem czynników ekonomicznych oraz bezpieczeństwa jest niezmiernie ważne. Istnieje wiele metod badania stabilności wyrobiska pochyłego, między innymi metody empiryczne, metoda równowagi granicznej, teoria bloków oraz metody numeryczne i probabilistyczne. W pracy tej omówiono zastosowanie

  5. Laboratory Method for Evaluating the Characteristics of Expansion Rock Bolts Subjected to Axial Tension / Laboratoryjna Metoda Badania Charakterystyk Kotew Rozprężnych Poddanych Rozciąganiu Osiowemu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korzeniowski, Waldemar; Skrzypkowski, Krzysztof; Herezy, Łukasz

    2015-03-01

    dynamicznym. W podziemnych wyrobiskach górniczych wykonywanych na dużych głębokościach, szczególnie przy eksploatacji złóż rud miedzi w kopalniach LGOM, w których stosuje się samodzielną obudową kotwową istnieje niebezpieczeństwo nieprzewidzianego odpadania bloków skalnych do przestrzeni roboczej. Podstawowym zadaniem kotwienia wyrobisk górniczych jest zapewnienie ich stateczności, jako zasadniczy warunek bezpieczeństwa pracy. Powstają nowe konstrukcje przeznaczone do bardziej ekstremalnych warunków funkcjonowania, w szczególności w warunkach górniczych, ale również w tunelarstwie. Podstawowym rodzajem obudowy wyrobisk przygotowawczych i eksploatacyjnych w podziemnych kopalniach LGOM jest obudowa kotwowa rozprężna lub wklejana. Wybór sposobu utwierdzenia obudowy kotwowej zależy miedzy innymi od: czasu użytkowania, klasy stropu, wymiarów oraz przeznaczenia wyrobiska. W polach eksploatacyjnych, gdzie okres od wykonania wyrobiska do jego likwidacji jest stosunkowo krótki, częściej stosuje się kotwy rozprężne, które ze względu na mniejszą czasochłonność zabudowy, pozwalają na większą wydajność kotwienia. Doceniając rolę i znaczenie obudowy kotwowej oraz jej zużycie sięgające w warunkach polskich milionów sztuk rocznie, w niniejszym artykule opisano nowe stanowisko laboratoryjne umożliwiające badanie rzeczywistej obudowy kotwowej w warunkach obciążeń statycznych. Stanowisko laboratoryjne do badania wytrzymałości na rozciąganie obudowy kotwowej zbudowane w Katedrze Górnictwa Podziemnego AGH umożliwia badania obudów kotwowych przy różnych warunkach obciążeń. Składa się ono z kilku współpracujących ze sobą podzespołów: Hydraulicznego Układu Obciążającego Kotew (HUK), pulpitu sterującego I, pulpitu sterującego II, pulpitu rejestrującego oraz zespołu agregatu hydraulicznego (Rys. 1). W artykule scharakteryzowano zastosowaną aparaturę pomiarową oraz możliwości badawcze stanowiska badawczego

  6. Chapter No.11. Public information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    pursuant to Act No 211/2000 of Coll. was published on UJD web site (www.ujd.gov.sk). From January 2001, 56 requests were registered asking for the information (by phone, e-mail, letter or personally). One written request from Greenpeace was not satisfied since the information is a matter of business secret. The matter is in the proceeding of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic. The Slovak press agencies, daily newspapers and electronic media were provided with 63 contributions on domestic and foreign UJD activities. UJD, together with SUJB, issues the expert journal 'Bezpecnost jadrovej energetiky (Nuclear Sector Safety)'. Two important articles on UJD legislative activities and on informing the public were published in monthly 'Verejna sprava (Public Administration)'. Contributions on supervisory activity and on UJD international co-operation are published regularly in 'Spravodajstvo SE (SE Information Service)', company journals 'Mochovce' and 'Bohunice'. Domestic and foreign UJD activities were presented in 5 issues of 'Bulletin Slovenskej nuklearnej spolocnosti (Slovak Nuclear Society Bulletin)'. This year, the report on nuclear facilities safety and on handling with spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste in the Slovak Republic was published in European Nuclear Society journal 'Nuclear Europe Worldscan No 7-8/2001'. Several important contributions were published in journal 'Energia (Energy)'. Contributions on UJD tasks and mission in the Slovak Republic were published in 'Energia almanach (Energy Almanac 2001/2002)' and in 'Euro Nuclear'. Three contributions on domestic and foreign UJD activities were prepared for the world information Agency NucNet. Slovak-English additional information document on UJD was elaborated and issued for the public in December 2001. The 2001 Yearbook on UJD activities and on nuclear facilities safety in the Slovak Republic was prepared and issued in Slovak and English version. Four press conferences took place in 2001 in UJD followed

  7. Estimate of projectile initial velocity as a solution of a two-point boundary value problem / Оценка начальной скорости снаряда как решение двухточечной граничной задачи / Procena početne brzine projektila kao rešenje problema granične vrednosti za dve tačke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vadim L. Khaikov

    2018-01-01

    ачального процесса скорости снаряда. Приведен пример математического моделирования задачи определения начальной скорости 57-мм бронебойного снаряда противотанковой пушки ЗИС-2 обр. 1943 г. с использованием программной среды Mathcad. / Procena početne brzine projektila formulisana je u obliku problema granične vrednosti u dve tačke. Za njegovo rešavanje mogu da se koriste podaci dopler radara ili rezultati rešenog Košijevog problema. Proces procene početne brzine projektila v0 zasniva se na numeričkom rešavanju sistema običnih diferencijalnih jednačina i metodi bisekcije. Iterativni računski proces se prekida kada se postignu unapred data tačnost početne brzine projektila, kao i unapred određena vrednost širine intervala pretraživanja brzine. U članku je predstavljen blok-dijagram algoritma procesa početne brzine projektila. Prikazan je kod matematičkog modeliranja u Matkedu, kao i kompjuterska simulacija procesa procene početne brzine 57-milimetarskog pancirnog projektila protivoklopnog topa ZIS-2 iz 1943. godine.

  8. Kata Pengantar Redaksi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redaksi Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi

    2014-04-01

    basal dan konsentrat (sebagai penguat, tetapi perlu makanan tambahan (suplemenuntuk melengkapi kebutuhan pakan ternak. Pemberian suplemen ini bertujuan untuk merangsangmikroba rumen berkembang dan memanfaatkan zat makanan lebih cepat. Suplementasi urea padaternak ruminansia dapat meningkatkan produksi ternak, tetapi bila penggunaan urea berlebihan akanmengakibatkan keracunan pada ternak. Oleh karena itu dalam penyajian suplemen dilakukan bermacamcara antara lain dengan pemberian urea cassava blok (UCB, nantinya ternak akan menjilat secaraberkala sehingga tidak terjadi konsumsi urea yang berlebihan. Formuka tesebut telah diimplementasikanoleh I Gusti Lanang Oka Cakra dkk., dari Fakultas Peternakan melalui pengabdian kepada masyarakatdi Sidemen Karangasem.Belakangan ini khasiat buah manggis banyak di publikasikan melalui berbagai media. Tidak sajabuahnya, bahkan kulit buahnya mempunyai khasiat menyembuhkan berbagai penyakit. Beragam merkekstrak kulit manggis sekarang sudah beredar di pasaran. Sebenarnya buah manggis memiliki kandungannutrisi yang sangat baik untuk kesehatan, mengandung karbohidrat 19,80 g/100 g, vitamin C 66 mg/100g bahan dan serat 0.3 g/100 g bahan. Tetapi di Bali buah manggis lebih banyak dijual aoa adanya.Belum diolah menjadi produk lain. Padahal bisa dibuat sirup agar lebi awet. Agsu Selamet Duniaji dariFakultas Teknologi Pertanian Unud telah mengajarkan teknik tersebut kepada petani di Desa Belimbing,Tabanan. Hasil analisis buah manggis setelah dilkukan pengolahan menjadi sirup dan sari buah diperolehkandungan gisi yang sesuai dengan persyaratan minuman sesuai Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI.Bentuk pengabdian yang bermanfaat bagi masyarakat.Pembaca yang budiman, demikian antara lain isi JUM nomor ini. Sebagai pengelola kami sangatberharaf sumbangan artikelnya untuk terbitan yang akan datang. Hanya dengan partisipasi pembacalahJUM akan bisa terjaga keberkalaannya. Belakangan ini partisipasi dari luar Unud juga sudah mulaiBanyak, diantaranya dari

  9. Úvodník 2011/VI/2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Dlouhá

    2011-09-01

    Dlouhá roli autority učitele ve výuce a její možné proměny v případě, kdy student svého učitele fyzicky vůbec nepotkává. Celý proces učení i vzájemné interakce jsou zcela virtuální. Dochází k zajímavému závěru, že podstatnou roli zde hraje samotné prostředí, tedy elektronická aplikace vytyčující hranice či mantinely pro jednání, jež už je ovšem plně reálné (je totiž víceméně autentickým projevem vztahů v procesu vzdělání. Texty v nerecenzované části jsou tentokrát věnovány procesu Životní prostředí pro Evropu, sérii ministerských konferencí zahájené v Dobříši roku 1991, a prozatím završené letošní konferencí v kazašské Astaně. Základy tohoto procesu ‑ 7 bodů přijatých na Dobříšském jednání ‑ rekapituluje Mikuláš Huba. Všímá si naplnění těchto výzev, poukazuje na původní hybné síly environmentální politiky a táže se, jak pokračovat. Kolektiv autorů – spoluorganizátorů první Vavrouškovy Dobříšské konference ministrů – se zabývá procesem Životní prostředí pro Evropu nejen z hlediska jeho geneze, ale i současného stavu (shrnuje jednání v Astaně i jeho závěry a jeho dopadem do oblasti vzdělávací (přijetí a implementace Strategie VUR v regionu EHK a v ČR. Protože ministerská jednání otevírají napětí mezi povinnostmi (evropskou legislativou a vůlí ke změně (nové strategie i nástroje institucionální, právní atd., s tématem těsně souvisí i příspěvek přednesený Mikulášem Hubou na konferenci Forum 2000 věnované otázkám práva a demokracie. Blok završují vzpomínky Jana Mikoláše, bývalého náměstka ministra – předsedy FVŽP, a intervence Jirky Dlouhého na ministerském jednání v rámci bloku Ozeleňování ekonomie.Máme tu ještě recenzi Pavla Žďárského na novou knihu o etice vědy, která vyšla pod editorským vedením Wendy Drozenové, a informaci Mikuláše Huby o vyhl

  10. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şebnem Korur Fincancı

    1999-04-01

    ;112(3:159-62. Yara yaşını belirlemek amacıyla, otoklavda tutulduktan sonra ABC tekniği kullanılarak parafin blok kesitlerinde endotelyal adhezyon molekülü VCAM-1 (CD 106 araştırılmıştır. Damarlar PECAM-1 (CD 31 ile işaretlendikten sonra, VCAM-1 pozitif damarların yüzdesi belirlenmiştir. Örneklerin % 18’inde sağlam cilt endotelyal hücrelerinde VCAM-1 için düşük pozitif boyanma reaksiyonu gözlenmiştir. Yaralı ciltte araştırılan olguların % 51’inde VCAM-1 belirgindir. Yaralanmadan en erken 3 saat, en geç 3,5 gün sonra kuvvetli pozitif boyanma reaksiyonları gözlenmiştir. VCAM-1 için immünhistokimyasal sonuçlar yaralı ve sağlam ciltlerde anlamlı farklılık göstermiştir (P < 0.01. Birkaç olguda postmortem cilt yaralarında VCAM-1 (n = 6 düşük yoğunluklu olarak izlenmiş ve VCAM-l’in ortalamadan kuvvetli pozitifliğe kadar yara vitalitesinin göstergesi olduğu kabul edilmiştir. Özellikle selektinler gibi başka adhezyon moleküllerinin ortaya çıkış düzeyi de değerlendirmeye alınırsa, VCAM-1 adli uygulamada yara yaşını belirlemek amacıyla kullanılabilir. ERKEN POSTMORTEM İNTERVALDE POSTMORTEM KAN TROMBOSİT SAYISI NEDEN VE NASIL DEĞİŞMEKTEDİR? How and why does the platelet count in postmortem blood change during the early postmortem interval? Thomsen H, Kaatsch HJ, Krisch B. Forensic Sci Int 1999 May 17;101(3:185-94. Postmortem kanda trombosit sayısındaki erken postmortem değişiklikleri ve bu değişikliğin nedenlerini trombosotleri sayarak, in vitro hipostatik testler uygulayarak, postmortem kan örneklerinde volüme göre eritrosit yüzdesini belirleyerek, immunohisto- kimya (anti-CD6l, anti-fibrinogen, ve immunoelect- ron mikroskopisi ile (anti-CD62, anti-CD63, anti- thrombospondin inceledik. Başlangıçta gözlenen trombosit sayısındaki artışın hipostatik duruma bağlı olduğu saptandı. Trombosit sayısında izleyen dönemde, devam eden hipostaza rağmen devamlılık göstermeyen düşüş olmas