Black hole thermodynamical entropy
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tsallis, Constantino [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas and National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM (United States); Cirto, Leonardo J.L. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas and National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)
2013-07-15
As early as 1902, Gibbs pointed out that systems whose partition function diverges, e.g. gravitation, lie outside the validity of the Boltzmann-Gibbs (BG) theory. Consistently, since the pioneering Bekenstein-Hawking results, physically meaningful evidence (e.g., the holographic principle) has accumulated that the BG entropy S{sub BG} of a (3+1) black hole is proportional to its area L{sup 2} (L being a characteristic linear length), and not to its volume L{sup 3}. Similarly it exists the area law, so named because, for a wide class of strongly quantum-entangled d-dimensional systems, S{sub BG} is proportional to lnL if d=1, and to L{sup d-1} if d>1, instead of being proportional to L{sup d} (d {>=} 1). These results violate the extensivity of the thermodynamical entropy of a d-dimensional system. This thermodynamical inconsistency disappears if we realize that the thermodynamical entropy of such nonstandard systems is not to be identified with the BG additive entropy but with appropriately generalized nonadditive entropies. Indeed, the celebrated usefulness of the BG entropy is founded on hypothesis such as relatively weak probabilistic correlations (and their connections to ergodicity, which by no means can be assumed as a general rule of nature). Here we introduce a generalized entropy which, for the Schwarzschild black hole and the area law, can solve the thermodynamic puzzle. (orig.)
Hayward, Sean A.; Mukohyama, Shinji; Ashworth, M. C.
1998-01-01
We consider two non-statistical definitions of entropy for dynamic (non-stationary) black holes in spherical symmetry. The first is analogous to the original Clausius definition of thermodynamic entropy: there is a first law containing an energy-supply term which equals surface gravity times a total differential. The second is Wald's Noether-charge method, adapted to dynamic black holes by using the Kodama flow. Both definitions give the same answer for Einstein gravity: one-quarter the area ...
Comparisons of Black Hole Entropy
Kupferman, Judy
2016-01-01
In this thesis I examine several different concepts of black hole entropy in order to understand whether they describe the same quantity. I look at statistical and entanglement entropies, Wald entropy and Carlip's entropy from conformal field theory, and compare their behavior in a few specific aspects: divergence at the BH horizon, dependence on space time curvature and behavior under a geometric variation. I find that statistical and entanglement entropy may be similar but they seem to differ from the entropy of Wald and Carlip. Chapters 2 and 3 overlap with 1010.4157 and 1310.3938. Chapter 4 does not appear elsewhere.
Entanglement Entropy of Black Holes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sergey N. Solodukhin
2011-10-01
Full Text Available The entanglement entropy is a fundamental quantity, which characterizes the correlations between sub-systems in a larger quantum-mechanical system. For two sub-systems separated by a surface the entanglement entropy is proportional to the area of the surface and depends on the UV cutoff, which regulates the short-distance correlations. The geometrical nature of entanglement-entropy calculation is particularly intriguing when applied to black holes when the entangling surface is the black-hole horizon. I review a variety of aspects of this calculation: the useful mathematical tools such as the geometry of spaces with conical singularities and the heat kernel method, the UV divergences in the entropy and their renormalization, the logarithmic terms in the entanglement entropy in four and six dimensions and their relation to the conformal anomalies. The focus in the review is on the systematic use of the conical singularity method. The relations to other known approaches such as ’t Hooft’s brick-wall model and the Euclidean path integral in the optical metric are discussed in detail. The puzzling behavior of the entanglement entropy due to fields, which non-minimally couple to gravity, is emphasized. The holographic description of the entanglement entropy of the black-hole horizon is illustrated on the two- and four-dimensional examples. Finally, I examine the possibility to interpret the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy entirely as the entanglement entropy.
Black Hole Entropy from Entropy of Hawking Radiation
Aghapour, Sajad
2016-01-01
We provide a simple way for calculating the entropy of a Schwarzschild black hole from the entropy of its Hawking radiation. To this end, we show that if a thermodynamic system loses its energy only through the black body radiation, its loss of entropy is always 3/4 of the entropy of the emitted radiation. This proposition enables us to relate the entropy of an evaporating black hole to the entropy of its Hawking radiation. Explicitly, by calculating the entropy of the Hawking radiation emitted in the full period of evaporation of the black hole, we find the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the initial black hole.
Entropy of Quantum Black Holes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Romesh K. Kaul
2012-02-01
Full Text Available In the Loop Quantum Gravity, black holes (or even more general Isolated Horizons are described by a SU(2 Chern-Simons theory. There is an equivalent formulation of the horizon degrees of freedom in terms of a U(1 gauge theory which is just a gauged fixed version of the SU(2 theory. These developments will be surveyed here. Quantum theory based on either formulation can be used to count the horizon micro-states associated with quantum geometry fluctuations and from this the micro-canonical entropy can be obtained. We shall review the computation in SU(2 formulation. Leading term in the entropy is proportional to horizon area with a coefficient depending on the Barbero-Immirzi parameter which is fixed by matching this result with the Bekenstein-Hawking formula. Remarkably there are corrections beyond the area term, the leading one is logarithm of the horizon area with a definite coefficient −3/2, a result which is more than a decade old now. How the same results are obtained in the equivalent U(1 framework will also be indicated. Over years, this entropy formula has also been arrived at from a variety of other perspectives. In particular, entropy of BTZ black holes in three dimensional gravity exhibits the same logarithmic correction. Even in the String Theory, many black hole models are known to possess such properties. This suggests a possible universal nature of this logarithmic correction.
Remarks on Renormalization of Black Hole Entropy
Kim, Sang Pyo; Kim, Sung Ku; Soh, Kwang-Sup; Yee, Jae Hyung
1996-01-01
We elaborate the renormalization process of entropy of a nonextremal and an extremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black hole by using the Pauli-Villars regularization method, in which the regulator fields obey either the Bose-Einstein or Fermi-Dirac distribution depending on their spin-statistics. The black hole entropy involves only two renormalization constants. We also discuss the entropy and temperature of the extremal black hole.
Quantum aspects of black hole entropy
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Parthasarathi Majumdar
2000-10-01
This survey intends to cover recent approaches to black hole entropy which attempt to go beyond the standard semiclassical perspective. Quantum corrections to the semiclassical Bekenstein–Hawking area law for black hole entropy, obtained within the quantum geometry framework, are treated in some detail. Their ramiﬁcation for the holographic entropy bound for bounded stationary spacetimes is discussed. Four dimensional supersymmetric extremal black holes in string-based = 2 supergravity are also discussed, albeit more brieﬂy.
Fractal Statistics and Quantum Black Hole Entropy
da Cruz, Wellington
2000-01-01
Simple considerations about the fractal characteristic of the quantum-mechanical path give us the opportunity to derive the quantum black hole entropy in connection with the concept of fractal statistics. We show the geometrical origin of the numerical factor of four of the quantum black hole entropy expression and the statistics weight appears as a counting of the quanta of geometry.
Black hole entropy and the renormalization group
Satz, Alejandro
2013-01-01
Four decades after its first postulation by Bekenstein, black hole entropy remains mysterious. It has long been suggested that the entanglement entropy of quantum fields on the black hole gravitational background should represent at least an important contribution to the total Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, and that the divergences in the entanglement entropy should be absorbed in the renormalization of the gravitational couplings. In this talk, we describe how an improved understanding of black hole entropy is obtained by combining these notions with the renormalization group. By introducing an RG flow scale, we investigate whether the total entropy of the black hole can be partitioned in a "gravitational" part related to the flowing gravitational action, and a "quantum" part related to the unintegrated degrees of freedom. We describe the realization of this idea for free fields, and the complications and qualifications arising for interacting fields.
Holographic actions from black hole entropy
Caravelli, Francesco; Modesto, Leonardo
2010-01-01
Using the Wald's relation between the Noether charge of diffeomorphisms and the entropy for a generic spacetime possessing a bifurcation surface, we introduce a method to obtain a family of higher order derivatives effective actions from the entropy of black holes. Our point of view is to consider fundamental the black hole entropy and the action an emerged object. We then specialize to a particular class of effective theories: the f(R) theories. We apply the idea, using a simple mind ansatz,...
Entropy, area, and black hole pairs
Hawking, Stephen William; Ross, S F; Hawking, S W; Horowitz, Gary T; Ross, Simon F
1995-01-01
We clarify the relation between gravitational entropy and the area of horizons. We first show that the entropy of an extreme Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole is zero, despite the fact that its horizon has nonzero area. Next, we consider the pair creation of extremal and nonextremal black holes. It is shown that the action which governs the rate of this pair creation is directly related to the area of the acceleration horizon and (in the nonextremal case) the area of the black hole event horizon. This provides a simple explanation of the result that the rate of pair creation of non-extreme black holes is enhanced by precisely the black hole entropy. Finally, we discuss black hole annihilation, and argue that Planck scale remnants are not sufficient to preserve unitarity in quantum gravity.
Entropy, area, and black hole pairs
Hawking, S. W.; Horowitz, Gary T.; Ross, Simon F.
1995-04-01
We clarify the relation between gravitational entropy and the area of horizons. We first show that the entropy of an extreme Reissner-Nordström black hole is zero, despite the fact that its horizon has nonzero area. Next, we consider the pair creation of extremal and nonextremal black holes. It is shown that the action which governs the rate of this pair creation is directly related to the area of the acceleration horizon and (in the nonextremal case) the area of the black hole event horizon. This provides a simple explanation of the result that the rate of pair creation of nonextreme black holes is enhanced by precisely the black hole entropy. Finally, we discuss black hole annihilation, and argue that Planck scale remnants are not sufficient to preserve unitarity in quantum gravity.
Entropy and temperatures of Nariai black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The statistical entropy of the Nariai black hole in a thermal equilibrium is calculated by using the brick-wall method. Even if the temperature depends on the choice of the timelike Killing vector, the entropy can be written by the ordinary area law which agrees with the Wald entropy. We discuss some physical consequences of this result and the properties of the temperatures
Black hole entropy in two dimensions
Myers, R C
1994-01-01
Black hole entropy is studied for an exactly solvable model of two-dimensional gravity\\cite{rst1}, using recently developed Noether charge techniques\\cite{wald1}. This latter approach is extended to accomodate the non-local form of the semiclassical effective action. In the two-dimensional model, the final black hole entropy can be expressed as a local quantity evaluated on the horizon. This entropy is shown to satisfy an increase theorem on either the global or apparent horizon of a two-dimensional black hole.
Black hole versus cosmological horizon entropy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The generalized second law of thermodynamics states that entropy always increases when all event horizons are attributed with an entropy proportional to their area. We test the generalized second law by investigating the change in entropy when dust, radiation and black holes cross a cosmological event horizon. We generalize for flat, open and closed Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universes by using numerical calculations to determine the cosmological horizon evolution. In most cases, the loss of entropy from within the cosmological horizon is more than balanced by an increase in cosmological event horizon entropy, maintaining the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics. However, an intriguing set of open universe models shows an apparent entropy decrease when black holes disappear over the cosmological event horizon. We anticipate that this apparent violation of the generalized second law will disappear when solutions are available for black holes embedded in arbitrary backgrounds
Kerr Black Hole Entropy and its Quantization
Jiang, Ji-Jian; Li, Chuan-An; Cheng, Xie-Feng
2016-08-01
By constructing the four-dimensional phase space based on the observable physical quantity of Kerr black hole and gauge transformation, the Kerr black hole entropy in the phase space was obtained. Then considering the corresponding mechanical quantities as operators and making the operators quantized, entropy spectrum of Kerr black hole was obtained. Our results show that the Kerr black hole has the entropy spectrum with equal intervals, which is in agreement with the idea of Bekenstein. In the limit of large event horizon, the area of the adjacent event horizon of the black hole have equal intervals. The results are in consistent with the results based on the loop quantum gravity theory by Dreyer et al.
Scaling Behavior of Black Hole Entropy
Schimmrigk, R
2000-01-01
It is shown that the entropy of fourdimensional black holes in string theory compactified on weighted Calabi-Yau hypersurfaces shows scaling behavior in a certain limit. This leads to non-monotonic functions on the moduli space.
Holographic actions from black hole entropy
Caravelli, Francesco
2010-01-01
Using the Wald's relation between the Noether charge of diffeomorphisms and the entropy for a generic spacetime possessing a bifurcation surface, we introduce a method to obtain a family of higher order derivatives effective actions from the entropy of black holes. Our point of view is to consider fundamental the black hole entropy and the action an emerged object. We then specialize to a particular class of effective theories: the f(R) theories. We apply the idea, using a simple mind ansatz, to loop quantum gravity and to a general class of log-corrected entropy formulas.
Black Hole Entropy and Exclusion Statistics
Kim, Hyeong-Chan; Kim, Yoonbai(Department of Physics, BK21 Physics Research Division, Institute of Basic Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, 440-746, Republic of Korea); Oh, Phillial
1998-01-01
We compute the entropy of systems of quantum particles satisfying the fractional exclusion statistics in the space-time of 2+1 dimensional black hole by using the brick-wall method. We show that the entropy of each effective quantum field theory with a Planck scale ultraviolet cutoff obeys the area law, irrespective of the angular momentum of the black hole and the statistics interpolating between Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics.
Black hole entropy and induced gravity
Jacobson, T
1994-01-01
In this short essay we review the arguments showing that black hole entropy is, at least in part, "entanglement entropy", i.e., missing information contained in correlations between quantum field fluctuations inside and outside the event horizon. Although the entanglement entropy depends upon the matter field content of the theory, it turns out that so does the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy A/4\\hbar G_{ren}, in precisely the same way, because the effective gravitational constant G_{ren} is renormalized by the very same quantum fluctuations. It appears most satisfactory if the entire gravitational action is "induced", in the manner suggested by Sakharov, since then the black hole entropy is purebred entanglement entropy, rather than being hybrid with bare gravitational entropy (whatever that might be.)
Entropy Inequality Violations from Ultraspinning Black Holes.
Hennigar, Robie A; Mann, Robert B; Kubizňák, David
2015-07-17
We construct a new class of rotating anti-de Sitter (AdS) black hole solutions with noncompact event horizons of finite area in any dimension and study their thermodynamics. In four dimensions these black holes are solutions to gauged supergravity. We find that their entropy exceeds the maximum implied from the conjectured reverse isoperimetric inequality, which states that for a given thermodynamic volume, the black hole entropy is maximized for Schwarzschild-AdS space. We use this result to suggest more stringent conditions under which this conjecture may hold. PMID:26230779
Statistical entropy of a cylindrical black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
By using the method of quantum statistics, it was directly derived the partition function of the bosonic and fermionic field in a cylindrical black hole. Then via the improved brick-wall method, the membrane model, it was obtained that if chosen a proper parameter, the entropy of the black hole is proportional to the area of the horizon. In the results, the stripped term and the divergent logarithmic term in the original brick-wall method no longer exist. In the whole process, it was not taken any approximation. It was offered a new simple and direct way of calculating the entropy of different complicated black holes
Black hole entropy, universality, and horizon constraints
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
To ask a question about a black hole in quantum gravity, one must restrict initial or boundary data to ensure that a black hole is actually present. For two-dimensional dilaton gravity, and probably a much wider class of theories, I show that the imposition of a 'stretched horizon' constraint modifies the algebra of symmetries at the horizon, allowing the use of conformal field theory techniques to determine the asymptotic density of states. The result reproduces the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy without any need for detailed assumptions about the microscopic theory. Horizon symmetries may thus offer an answer to the problem of universality of black hole entropy
Number and Entropy of Halo Black Holes
Frampton, Paul H.; Ludwick, Kevin
2009-01-01
Based on constraints from microlensing and disk stability, both with and without limitations from wide binary surveys, we estimate the total number and entropy of intermediate mass black holes. Given the visible universe comprises $10^{11}$ halos each of mass $\\sim 10^{12} M_{\\odot}$, typical core black holes of mean mass $\\sim 10^7 M_{\\odot}$ set the dimensionless entropy ($S/k$) of the universe at a thousand googols. Identification of all dark matter as black holes sets the dimensionless en...
Hydrodynamics, horizons, holography and black hole entropy
Sivaram, C
2011-01-01
The usual discussions about black hole dynamics involve analogies with laws of thermodynamics especially in connection with black hole entropy and the associated holographic principle. We explore complementary aspects involving hydrodynamics of the horizon geometry through the membrane paradigm. New conceptual connections complementing usual thermodynamic arguments suggest deep links between diverse topics like black hole decay, quantum circulation and viscosity. Intriguing connections between turbulence cascades, quantum diffusion via quantum paths following Fokker- Planck equation and Hawking decay also result from this combination of thermodynamic and hydrodynamic analogies to black hole dynamics.
Statistical entropy of a charged black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
By using the method of quantum statistics, it is derived directly the partition functions of the bosonic and the fermionic field in the charged-black-hole space-time. The statistical entropy of a black-hole is obtained by an improved brick wall method. When it is chosen a proper parameter in these results, it can be obtained that the entropy of a black-hole is proportional to the area of the horizon. In the results, the neglected term and the divergent logarithmic term given in the original brick wall method do no exist. It is avoided the difficulty in solving the wave equation of the scalar and Dirac fields, and offer a simple and direct way of studying the entropy of the black hole
Quantum statistical entropy for Kerr-de Sitter black hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Li-Chun; Wu Yue-Qin; Zhao Ren
2004-01-01
Improving the membrane model by which the entropy of the black hole is studied, we study the entropy of the black hole in the non-thermal equilibrium state. To give the problem stated here widespread meaning, we discuss the (n+2)-dimensional de Sitter spacetime. Through discussion, we obtain that the black hole's entropy which contains two horizons (a black hole's horizon and a cosmological horizon) in the non-thermal equilibrium state comprises the entropy corresponding to the black hole's horizon and the entropy corresponding to the cosmological horizon. Furthermore, the entropy of the black hole is a natural property of the black hole. The entropy is irrelevant to the radiation field out of the horizon. This deepens the understanding of the relationship between black hole's entropy and horizon's area. A way to study the bosonic and fermionic entropy of the black hole in high non-thermal equilibrium spacetime is given.
Quantum Entropy of Black Hole with Internal Global Monopole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HAN Yi-Wen; YANG Shu-Zheng; LIU Wen-Biao
2005-01-01
Using the generalized uncertainty relation, the new equation of state density is obtained, and then the entropy of black hole with an internal global monopole is discussed. The divergence that appears in black hole entropy calculation through original brick-wall model is overcome. The result of the direct proportion between black hole entropy and its event horizon area is drawn and given. The result shows that the black hole entropy must be the entropy of quantum state near the event horizon.
Entropy Correction for Kerr Black Hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Ren; ZHANG Sheng-Li
2005-01-01
In this paper, we discuss leading-order corrections to the entropy of Kerr black hole due to thermal fluctuations in the finite cavity. Then temperature is constant, the solution of the black hole is obtained within a cavity, that is, the solution of the spacetime after considering the radiation of the black hole. Therefore, we derive that the location of the black hole horizon and specific heat are the functions of temperature and the radius of the cavity.Corrections to entropy also are related to the radius of the cavity. Through calculation, we obtain conditions of taking the value of the cavity's radius. We provide a new way for studying the corrections of complicated spacetimes.
Entropy of Intermediate-Mass Black Holes
Frampton, Paul H.
2009-01-01
Observational searches for Intermediate-Mass Black Holes (IMBHs), defined to have masses between 30 and 300,000 solar masses, provide limits which allow up to ten percent of what is presently identified as halo dark matter to be in the form of IMBHs. These concentrate entropy so efficiently that the halo contribution can be bigger than the core supermassive black hole. Formation of IMBHs is briefly discussed.
Black-hole entropy and horizon area
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hong-Wei Yu [Medford, Tufts Univ. (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Inst. of Cosmology]|[Hunan Univ. (China). Inst. of Physics and Pysics Dept.
1998-08-01
Employing the relationship between the black-hole thermodynamic functions and the Euclidean path-integral approach to quantum gravity, the Authors prove, in the framework of four-dimensional Einstein gravity, that the entropy of a stationary black-hole with a bifurcating Killing horizon surrounded by arbitrary classical matter fields is one quarter of the area of the event horizon independent of the matter fields involved.
- on Kerr Black Hole and its Entropy
Goncharov, Yu. P.
We describe U(N)-monopoles (N>1) on Kerr black holes using the parameters of the moduli space of holomorphic vector U(N)-bundles over { S}2 with the help of the Grothendieck splitting theorem. For N = 2,3 we obtain this description in an explicit form as well as the estimates for the corresponding monopole masses. This gives us a possibility to adduce some reasonings in favor of the existence of both a fine structure for Kerr black holes and the statistical ensemble tied with it which might generate the Kerr black hole entropy.
Black hole entropy in higher curvature gravity
Jacobson, T; Myers, R C; Jacobson, Ted; Kang, Gungwon; Myers, Robert C
1995-01-01
We discuss some recent results on black hole thermodynamics within the context of effective gravitational actions including higher-curvature interactions. Wald's derivation of the First Law demonstrates that black hole entropy can always be expressed as a local geometric density integrated over a space-like cross-section of the horizon. In certain cases, it can also be shown that these entropy expressions satisfy a Second Law. One such simple example is considered from the class of higher curvature theories where the Lagrangian consists of a polynomial in the Ricci scalar.
Constructing black hole entropy from gravitational collapse
Acquaviva, Giovanni; Ellis, George F. R.; Goswami, Rituparno; Hamid, Aymen I. M.
2016-01-01
Based on a recent proposal for the gravitational entropy of free gravitational fields, we investigate the thermodynamic properties of black hole formation through gravitational collapse in the framework of the semitetrad 1+1+2 covariant formalism. In the simplest case of an Oppenheimer-Snyder-Datt collapse we prove that the change in gravitational entropy outside a collapsing body is related to the variation of the surface area of the body itself, even before the formation of horizons. As a r...
Hawking radiation without black hole entropy
Visser, M
1998-01-01
In this Letter I point out that Hawking radiation is a purely kinematic effect that is generic to Lorentzian geometries. Hawking radiation arises for any test field on any Lorentzian geometry containing an event horizon regardless of whether or not the Lorentzian geometry satisfies the dynamical Einstein equations of general relativity. On the other hand, the classical laws of black hole mechanics are intrinsically linked to the Einstein equations of general relativity (or their perturbative extension into either semiclassical quantum gravity or string-inspired scenarios). In particular, the laws of black hole thermodynamics, and the identification of the entropy of a black hole with its area, are inextricably linked with the dynamical equations satisfied by the Lorentzian geometry: entropy is proportional to area (plus corrections) if and only if the dynamical equations are the Einstein equations (plus corrections). It is quite possible to have Hawking radiation occur in physical situations in which the laws...
The Mass Quantum and Black Hole Entropy
Ram, B
1999-01-01
We give a method in which a quantum of mass equal to twice the Planck mass arises naturally. Then using Bose-Einstein statistics we derive an expression for the black hole entropy which physically tends to the Bekenstein-Hawking formula.
Black hole entropy and finite geometry
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Levay, P.; Saniga, M.; Vrana, P.; Pracna, Petr
2009-01-01
Roč. 79, č. 8 (2009), 084036. ISSN 1550-7998 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : Maxwell-Einstein supergravity * attractors * black hole entropy Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 4.922, year: 2009
Entropy in the interior of a black hole and thermodynamics
Zhang, Baocheng
2015-01-01
Based on a recent proposal for the volume inside a black hole, we calculate the entropy associated with this volume and show that such entropy is proportional to the surface area of the black hole. Together with the consideration of black hole radiation, we find that the thermodynamics associated with the entropy is likely to be caused by the vacuum polarization near the horizon.
Dirty black holes Entropy versus area
Visser, M
1993-01-01
Considerable interest has recently been expressed in the entropy versus area relationship for ``dirty'' black holes --- black holes in interaction with various classical matter fields, distorted by higher derivative gravity, or infested with various forms of quantum hair. In many cases it is found that the entropy is simply related to the area of the event horizon: S = k A_H/(4\\ell_P^2). For example, the ``entropy = (1/4) area'' law *holds* for: Schwarzschild, Reissner--Nordstrom, Kerr--Newman, and dilatonic black holes. On the other hand, the ``entropy = (1/4) area'' law *fails* for: various types of (Riemann)^n gravity, Lovelock gravity, and various versions of quantum hair. The pattern underlying these results is less than clear. This paper systematizes these results by deriving a general formula for the entropy: S = {k A_H/(4\\ell_P^2)} + {1/T_H} \\int_\\Sigma [rho - {L}_E ] K^\\mu d\\Sigma_\\mu + \\int_\\Sigma s V^\\mu d\\Sigma_\\mu. (K^\\mu is the timelike Killing vector, V^\\mu the four velocity of a co--rotating o...
Effects of Noncommutativity on the Black Hole Entropy
Gupta, Kumar S.(Theory Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064, India); Harikumar, E.; Tajron Jurić; Stjepan Meljanac; Andjelo Samsarov
2013-01-01
In this paper the BTZ black hole geometry is probed with a noncommutative scalar field which obeys the $\\kappa$-Minkowski algebra. The entropy of the BTZ black hole is calculated using the brick wall method. The contribution of the noncommutativity to the black hole entropy is explicitly evaluated up to the first order in the deformation parameter. We also argue that such a correction to the black hole entropy can be interpreted as arising from the renormalization of the Newton's constant due...
Entropy spectrum of BTZ black hole in massive gravity
Suresh, Jishnu
2016-01-01
We study the entropy spectrum of (2+1) BTZ black holes in massive gravity models. We use the formalism proposed by Jiang and Han where black hole property of adiabaticity and the oscillating velocity of the black hole horizon are used to investigate the quantization of the entropy of such systems. We find that the entropy of the BTZ black holes in massive gravity is quantized with equally spaced spectra.
Loop quantum gravity and black hole entropy quantization
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI ChuanAn; JIANG JiJian; SU JiuQing
2009-01-01
Using the spin networks and the asymptotic quasinormal mode frequencies of black holes given by loop quantum gravity, the minimum horizon area gap is obtained. Then the quantum area spectrum of black holes is derived and the black hole entropy is a realized quantization. The results show that the black hole entropy given by loop quantum gravity is in full accord with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy with a suitable Immirzi.
Loop quantum gravity and black hole entropy quantization
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2009-01-01
Using the spin networks and the asymptotic quasinormal mode frequencies of black holes given by loop quantum gravity,the minimum horizon area gap is obtained.Then the quantum area spectrum of black holes is derived and the black hole entropy is a realized quantization.The results show that the black hole entropy given by loop quantum gravity is in full accord with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy with a suitable Immirzi.
Black Hole Entropy, Topological Entropy and Noncommutative Geometry
Zois, Ioannis P.
2001-01-01
Foliated manifolds are particular examples of noncommutative spaces. In this article we try to give a qualitative description of the Godbillon-Vey class and its relation on the one hand to the holonomy and on the other hand to the topological entropy of a foliation, using a remarkable theorem proved recently by G. Duminy relating these three notions in the case of codim-1 foliations. Moreover we shall investigate its possible relation with the black hole entropy adopting the superstring theor...
Black Holes, Mergers, and the Entropy Budget of the Universe
Kephart, Thomas W.; Ng, Y. Jack
2002-01-01
Vast amounts of entropy are produced in black hole formation, and the amount of entropy stored in supermassive black holes at the centers of galaxies is now much greater than the entropy free in the rest of the universe. Either mergers involved in forming supermassive black holes are rare,or the holes must be very efficient at capturing nearly all the entropy generated in the process. We argue that this information can be used to constrain supermassive black hole production, and may eventuall...
Canonical Entropy and Phase Transition of Rotating Black Hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Ren; WU Yue-Qin; ZHANG Li-Chun
2008-01-01
Recently, the Hawking radiation of a black hole has been studied using the tunnel effect method. The radiation spectrum of a black hole is derived. By discussing the correction to spectrum of the rotating black hole, we obtain the canonical entropy. The derived canonical entropy is equal to the sum of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and correction term. The correction term near the critical point is different from the one near others. This difference plays an important role in studying the phase transition of the black hole. The black hole thermal capacity diverges at the critical point. However, the canonical entropy is not a complex number at this point. Thus we think that the phase transition created by this critical point is the second order phase transition. The discussed black hole is a five-dimensional Kerr-AdS black hole. We provide a basis for discussing thermodynamic properties of a higher-dimensional rotating black hole.
Quantum Statistical Entropy of Five-Dimensional Black Hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Ren; WU Yue-Qin; ZHANG Sheng-Li
2006-01-01
The generalized uncertainty relation is introduced to calculate quantum statistic entropy of a black hole.By using the new equation of state density motivated by the generalized uncertainty relation, we discuss entropies of Bose field and Fermi field on the background of the five-dimensional spacetime. In our calculation, we need not introduce cutoff. There is not the divergent logarithmic term as in the original brick-wall method. And it is obtained that the quantum statistic entropy corresponding to black hole horizon is proportional to the area of the horizon. Further it is shown that the entropy of black hole is the entropy of quantum state on the surface of horizon. The black hole's entropy is the intrinsic property of the black hole. The entropy is a quantum effect. It makes people further understand the quantum statistic entropy.
Quantum Statistical Entropy of Five-Dimensional Black Hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The generalized uncertainty relation is introduced to calculate quantum statistic entropy of a black hole. By using the new equation of state density motivated by the generalized uncertainty relation, we discuss entropies of Bose field and Fermi field on the background of the five-dimensional spacetime. In our calculation, we need not introduce cutoff. There is not the divergent logarithmic term as in the original brick-wall method. And it is obtained that the quantum statistic entropy corresponding to black hole horizon is proportional to the area of the horizon. Further it is shown that the entropy of black hole is the entropy of quantum state on the surface of horizon. The black hole's entropy is the intrinsic property of the black hole. The entropy is a quantum effect. It makes people further understand the quantum statistic entropy.
Finite Entanglement Entropy of Black Holes
Giaccari, Stefano; Rachwal, Leslaw; Zhu, Yiwei
2015-01-01
We compute the area term contribution to the black holes' entanglement entropy for a class of local or weakly nonlocal renormalizable gravitational theories coupled to matter. For the case of super-renormalizable theories, we can get a finite conical entropy expressed only in terms of the classical Newton constant either by completing the theory to a finite one in dimensional regularization or by removing the quadratic divergences in the cut-off regularization by the introduction of additional interaction terms. Therefore, our result is independent from the renormalization scheme. We also propose a theory in which the renormalization of the Newton constant is entirely due to the standard model matter, arguing that such a contribution does not give the usual interpretational problems of conical entropy discussed in the literature.
Spectrum and Statistical Entropy of AdS Black Holes
Vaz, Cenalo; Wijewardhana, L. C. R.
2009-01-01
Popular approaches to quantum gravity describe black hole microstates differently and apply different statistics to count them. Since the relationship between the approaches is not clear, this obscures the role of statistics in calculating the black hole entropy. We address this issue by discussing the entropy of eternal AdS black holes in dimension four and above within the context of a midisuperspace model. We determine the black hole eigenstates and find that they describe the quantization...
Entropy creation inside black holes points to observer complementarity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Heating processes inside large black holes can produce tremendous amounts of entropy. Locality requires that this entropy adds on space-like surfaces, but the resulting entropy (1010 times the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy in an example presented in the companion paper) exceeds the maximum entropy that can be accommodated by the black hole's degrees of freedom. Observer complementarity, which proposes a proliferation of non-local identifications inside the black hole, allows the entropy to be accommodated as long as individual observers inside the black hole see less than the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. In the specific model considered with huge entropy production, we show that individual observers do see less than the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, offering strong support for observer complementarity.
Entropy of a Black Hole with Distinct Surface Gravities
Wu Zhong Chao
2000-01-01
In gravitational thermodynamics, the entropy of a black hole with distinct surface gravities can be evaluated on a microcanonical ensemble. At the WKB level, the entropy becomes the negative of the Euclidean action of the constrained instanton, which is the seed for the black hole creation in the no-boundary universe. Using the Gauss-Bonnet theorem, we prove the quite universal formula in Euclidean quantum gravity that the entropy of a nonrotating black hole is one quarter the sum of the products of the Euler characteristics and the areas of the horizons. For Lovelock gravity, the entropy and quantum creation of a black hole are also studied.
Scalar fields in BTZ black hole spacetime and entanglement entropy
Veer Singh, Dharm; Siwach, Sanjay
2013-12-01
We study the quantum scalar fields in the background of BTZ black hole spacetime. We calculate the entanglement entropy using the discretized model, which resembles a system of coupled harmonic oscillators. The leading term of the entropy formula is standard Bakenstein-Hawking entropy and sub-leading corresponds to quantum corrections to black hole entropy. We calculate the coefficient of sub-leading logarithmic corrections numerically.
Black hole entropy and finite geometry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is shown that the E6(6) symmetric entropy formula describing black holes and black strings in D=5 is intimately tied to the geometry of the generalized quadrangle GQ(2, 4) with automorphism group the Weyl group W(E6). The 27 charges correspond to the points and the 45 terms in the entropy formula to the lines of GQ(2, 4). Different truncations with 15, 11 and 9 charges are represented by three distinguished subconfigurations of GQ(2, 4), well known to finite geometers; these are the 'doily'[i.e. GQ(2, 2)] with 15, the 'perp set' of a point with 11, and the 'grid'[i.e. GQ(2, 1)] with nine points, respectively. In order to obtain the correct signs for the terms in the entropy formula, we use a noncommutative labeling for the points of GQ(2, 4). For the 40 different possible truncations with nine charges this labeling yields 120 Mermin squares--objects well known from studies concerning Bell-Kochen-Specker-like theorems. These results are connected to our previous ones obtained for the E7(7) symmetric entropy formula in D=4 by observing that the structure of GQ(2, 4) is linked to a particular kind of geometric hyperplane of the split Cayley hexagon of order 2, featuring 27 points located on nine pairwise disjoint lines (a distance-3-spread). We conjecture that the different possibilities of describing the D=5 entropy formula using Jordan algebras, qubits and/or qutrits correspond to employing different coordinates for an underlying noncommutative geometric structure based on GQ(2, 4).
Effects of Noncommutativity on the Black Hole Entropy
Gupta, Kumar S; Juric, Tajron; Meljanac, Stjepan; Samsarov, Andjelo
2013-01-01
In this paper the BTZ black hole geometry is probed with a noncommutative scalar field which obeys the $\\kappa$-Minkowski algebra. The entropy of the BTZ black hole is calculated using the brick wall method. The contribution of the noncommutativity to the black hole entropy is explicitly evaluated up to the first order in the deformation parameter. We also argue that such a correction to the black hole entropy can be interpreted as arising from the renormalization of the Newton's constant due to the effects of the noncommutativity.
Effects of Noncommutativity on the Black Hole Entropy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The BTZ black hole geometry is probed with a noncommutative scalar field which obeys the κ-Minkowski algebra. The entropy of the BTZ black hole is calculated using the brick wall method. The contribution of the noncommutativity to the black hole entropy is explicitly evaluated up to the first order in the deformation parameter. We also argue that such a correction to the black hole entropy can be interpreted as arising from the renormalization of the Newton’s constant due to the effects of the noncommutativity
Effects of Noncommutativity on the Black Hole Entropy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kumar S. Gupta
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The BTZ black hole geometry is probed with a noncommutative scalar field which obeys the κ-Minkowski algebra. The entropy of the BTZ black hole is calculated using the brick wall method. The contribution of the noncommutativity to the black hole entropy is explicitly evaluated up to the first order in the deformation parameter. We also argue that such a correction to the black hole entropy can be interpreted as arising from the renormalization of the Newton’s constant due to the effects of the noncommutativity.
Quantum correction to the entropy of noncommutative BTZ black hole
Anacleto, M A; Passos, E; Cavalcanti, A G; Spinelly, J
2015-01-01
In this paper we consider the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) in the tunneling formalism via Hamilton-Jacobi method to determine the quantum-corrected Hawking temperature and entropy for noncommutative BTZ black hole. In our results we obtain several types of corrections including the expected logarithmic correction to the area entropy associated with the noncommutative BTZ black holes.
Entropy of the Kerr–Sen black hole
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Alexis Larrañaga
2011-04-01
We study the entropy of Kerr–Sen black hole of heterotic string theory beyond semiclassical approximations. Applying the properties of exact differentials for three variables to the ﬁrst law of thermodynamics, we derive the corrections to the entropy of the black hole. The leading (logarithmic) and non-leading corrections to the area law are obtained.
Deformed Density Matrix and Quantum Entropy of the Black Hole
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. E. Shalyt-Margolin
2006-03-01
Full Text Available In the present work the approach - density matrix deformation - earlier developed by the author to study a quantum theory of the Early Universe (Planck's scales is applied to study a quantum theory of black holes. On this basis the author investigates the information paradox problem, entropy of the black hole remainders after evaporation, and consistency with the holographic principle. The possibility for application of the proposed approach to the calculation of quantum entropy of a black hole is considered.
Entropy correction of BTZ black holes in a tunneling framework
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
In this paper, using the Parikh-Wilczek tunneling framework, we first calculate the emission rates of non-rotating BTZ black holes and rotating BTZ black holes to second order accuracy. Then, by assuming that the emission process satisfies an underlying unitary theory, we obtain the corrected entropy of the BTZ black holes. A log term emerges naturally in the expression of the corrected entropy. A discussion about the inverse area term is also presented.
The information entropy of a static dilaton black hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU ChengZhou
2008-01-01
In accordance with holographic principle, by calculating the statistical entropy of the quantum field just at the event horizon of the Garfinkle-Horowitz-Strominger dilaton black hole, the information entropy of the black hole was investigated and the Bekenstein-Hawking formula was obtained. The results show that black hole entropy is identical with the statistical entropy of the quantum field at the horizon. Using the generalized uncertainty relation, the divergence of the state density near the event horizon in usual quantum field theory was removed, and the cutoffs and the little mass approximation in the heat gas method of black hole entropy were avoided. Thus, the microstates of the massive scalar field just at the event horizon of the static dilaton black hole were studied directly and a description on holograph principle was presented. By using residue theorem, the integral difficulty in the calculation was overcome, and the information entropy and the Bekenstein-Hawking formula were obtained quantitatively. Compared with the black hole entropy from the loop quantum gravity, the consistency of methods and results of calculating black hole entropy in non-commutative quantum field theory and loop quantum gravity was investigated. By this, the gravity correction constant in the generalized uncertainty relation was suggested and the sense of holographic principle was discussed.
Entropy bound of horizons for charged and rotating black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We revisit the entropy product, entropy sum and other thermodynamic relations of charged and rotating black holes. Based on these relations, we derive the entropy (area) bound for both event horizon and Cauchy horizon. We establish these results for variant class of 4-dimensional charged and rotating black holes in Einstein(–Maxwell) gravity and higher derivative gravity. We also generalize the discussion to black holes with NUT charge. The validity of this formula, which seems to be universal for black holes with two horizons, gives further clue on the crucial role that the thermodynamic relations of multi-horizons play in black hole thermodynamics and understanding the entropy at the microscopic level
General logarithmic corrections to black-hole entropy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We compute leading-order corrections to the entropy of any thermodynamic system due to small statistical fluctuations around equilibrium. When applied to black holes, these corrections are shown to be of the form -k ln(Area). For BTZ black holes, k=3/2, as found earlier. We extend the result to anti-de Sitter Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstroem black holes in arbitrary dimensions. Finally we examine the role of conformal field theory in black-hole entropy and its corrections
Entropy spectrum of (1+1) dimensional stringy black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We explore the entropy spectrum of (1+1) dimensional dilatonic stringy black holes via the adiabatic invariant integral method known as Jiang and Han's method (Phys Lett B 718:584, 2012) and the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization rule. It is found that the corresponding spectrum depends on black hole parameters like charge, ADM mass, and, more interestingly, on the dilatonic field. We calculate the entropy of the present black hole system via the Euclidean treatment of quantum gravity and study the thermodynamics of the black hole and find that the system does not undergo any phase transition. (orig.)
Black holes and entropy in loop quantum gravity: An overview
Corichi, Alejandro
2009-01-01
Black holes in equilibrium and the counting of their entropy within Loop Quantum Gravity are reviewed. In particular, we focus on the conceptual setting of the formalism, briefly summarizing the main results of the classical formalism and its quantization. We then focus on recent results for small, Planck scale, black holes, where new structures have been shown to arise, in particular an effective quantization of the entropy. We discuss recent results that employ in a very effective manner results from number theory, providing a complete solution to the counting of black hole entropy. We end with some comments on other approaches that are motivated by loop quantum gravity.
Correction value to charged Bekenstein-Hawking black hole entropy
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
Recently,based on the study of black hole Hawking radiation with the tunnel effect method,we found that the radiation spectrum of the black hole is not a strict pure thermal spectrum. It is a very interesting problem to determine how the departure of the black hole radiation spectrum from the pure thermal spectrum affects entropy. We calculate the partition function by the energy spectrum obtained using tunnel effect. Using the relation between the partition function and entropy,we derive the correction value to Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the charged black hole. Fur-thermore,we obtain the conditions that various thermodynamic quantities must satisfy,when phase transition of the charged black hole occurs.
Statistical Entropy of Four-Dimensional Extremal Black Holes
Maldacena, Juan; Strominger, Andrew
1996-01-01
String theory is used to count microstates of four-dimensional extremal black holes in compactifications with $N=4$ and $N=8$ supersymmetry. The result agrees for large charges with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy.
Black-hole thermodynamics: Entropy, information and beyond
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Saurya Das
2004-10-01
We review some recent advances in black-hole thermodynamics including statistical mechanical origins of black-hole entropy and its leading order corrections from the view points of various quantum gravity theories. We then examine the problem of information loss and some possible approaches to its resolution. Finally, we study some proposed experiments which may be able to provide experimental signatures of black holes.
Entropy of Scalar Field near a Schwarzschild Black Hole Horizon
Setare, M.R.(Department of Science, University of Kurdistan, Campus of Bijar, Bijar, Iran)
2005-01-01
In this paper we compute the correction to the entropy of Schwarzschild black hole due to the vacuum polarization effect of massive scalar field. The Schwarzschild black hole is supposed to be confined in spherical shell. The scalar field obeying mixed boundary condition on the spherical shell.
Quantum Black Hole Entropy and Localization in Supergravity
Reys, V.
2016-01-01
In this thesis, we examine in detail the notion of black hole entropy in Quantum Field Theories, with a specific focus on supersymmetric black holes and the perturbative and non-perturbative quantum corrections to the classical area-law of Bekenstein-Hawking, where the latter stipulates that the the
Entropy Corrections for a Charged Black Hole of String Theory*
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Alexis Larra(n)aga
2011-01-01
We study the entropy of the Gibbons-Macda-Garfinkle-Horowitz-Strominger (GMGHS) charged black hole, originated from the effective action that emerges in the low-energy of string theory, beyond semiclassical approximations. Applying the properties of exact differentials for three variables to the first law thermodynamics ve derive the quantum corrections to the entropy of the black hole. The leading (logarithmic) and non leading corrections to the area law are obtained.
Entanglement Entropy of AdS Black Holes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maurizio Melis
2010-11-01
Full Text Available We review recent progress in understanding the entanglement entropy of gravitational configurations for anti-de Sitter gravity in two and three spacetime dimensions using the AdS/CFT correspondence. We derive simple expressions for the entanglement entropy of two- and three-dimensional black holes. In both cases, the leading term of the entanglement entropy in the large black hole mass expansion reproduces exactly the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, whereas the subleading term behaves logarithmically. In particular, for the BTZ black hole the leading term of the entanglement entropy can be obtained from the large temperature expansion of the partition function of a broad class of 2D CFTs on the torus.
Emergent gravity and entanglement entropy of black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
When the gravitational interaction emerges from some underlying quantum field theory, black hole entropy should be completely explained in terms of the entanglement entropy (EE) of the quantum fields We show that this is the case of the anti-de Sitter black hole in two spacetime dimensions. In this case two-dimensional (2D) Newton constant is wholly induced by a conformal field theory and an exact formula for the EE can be derived. In the large black hole mass limit the leading term of this formula reproduces exactly the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the hole, whereas the subleading term behaves logarithmically. This subleading term has the universal form of the entanglement entropy of physical systems described by effective conformal fields theories (e.g. one-dimensional statistical models at the critical point).
Statistical Entropy of Horowitz-Strominger Black Hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Ren; ZHANG Jun-Fang; ZHANG Li-Chun
2002-01-01
The partition functions of bosonic and fermionic fields in Horowitz Strominger black hole are deriveddirectly by quantum statistical method. Then via the improved brick-wall method (membrane model), the statisticalentropy of black hole is obtained. If a proper parameter is chosen in our result, it is found out that the entropy isproportional to the area of horizon. The stripped term and the divergent logarithmic term in the original brick-wallmethod no longer exist. The difficulty in solving the wave equations of scalar and Dirac fields is avoided. A new neatway of calculating the entropy of various complicated black holes is offered.
Horowitz-Strominger Black Hole Entropy Without Brick Wall
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Li-Chun; ZHAO Ren; LIN Hai
2004-01-01
@@ A Horowitz-Strominger black hole is discussed through a new equation of state density motivated by the generalized uncertainty relation in quantum gravity. There is no burst in the last stage of emission from a HorowitzStrominger black hole. When the new equation of state density is used to investigate the entropy of bosonic field and fermionic field outside the horizon of a static Horowitz-Strominger black hole, the divergence that appears in the brick-wall model is removed without any cutoff. The entropy proportional to the horizon area is derived from the contribution in the vicinity of the horizon.
Holographic Entropy Bound of a Nonstationary Black Hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Cheng-Zhou
2006-01-01
@@ In accordance with the holographic principle, by counting the states of the scalar field just at the event horizon of the Vaidya-Bonner black hole, the holographic entropy bound of the black hole is calculated and the BekensteinHawking formula is obtained. With the generalized uncertainty principle, the divergence of statedensity at event horizon in the ordinary quantum field theory is removed. With the residue theorem, the integral trouble in the calculation is overcome. The present result is quantitatively tenable and the holographic principle is realized by applying the quantum field theory to the black hole entropy problem. Compared with some previous works, it is suggested that the quantum states contributing to black hole entropy should be restricted on the event horizon.
Statistical Origin of Black Hole Entropy in Matrix Theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The statistical entropy of black holes in matrix theory is considered. Assuming matrix theory is the discretized light-cone quantization of a theory with eleven-dimensional Lorentz invariance, we map the counting problem onto the original Gibbons-Hawking calculations of the thermodynamic entropy. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society
Microscopic Entropy of N=2 Extremal Black Holes
David M. Kaplan; Lowe, David A.; Maldacena, Juan M.; Strominger, Andrew
1996-01-01
String theory is used to compute the microscopic entropy for several examples of black holes in compactifications with $N=2$ supersymmetry. Agreement with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the moduli-independent $N=2$ area formula is found in all cases.
Effect of spins on the quantum entropy of black holes
Jing, Jiliang; Yan, Mu-Lin
2000-01-01
By using the Newman-Penrose formalism and 't Hooft brick-wall model, the quantum entropies of the Kerr-Newman black hole due to the Dirac and electromagnetic fields are calculated and the effects of the spins of the photons and Dirac particles on the entropies are investigated. It is shown that the entropies depend only on the square of the spins of the particles and the contribution of the spins is dependent on the rotation of the black hole, except that different fields obey different stati...
Information entropy for static spherically symmetric black holes
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jiang Ji-Jian; Li Chuan-An
2009-01-01
By using the new equation of state density derived from the generalized uncertainty relation, the number of the quantum states near event horizon is obtained, with which then the information entropy of static spherically symmetric black holes has been discussed. It is found that the divergent integral of quantum states near the event horizon can be naturally avoided if using the new equation of state density without introducing the ultraviolet cut-off. The information entropy of black holes can be obtained precisely by the residue theorem, which is shown to be proportional to the horizon area. The information entropy of black holes obtained agrees with the Bechenstein-Hawking entropy when the suitable cutoff factor is adopted.
Finiteness of Entanglement Entropy in Quantum Black Hole
Wen, Wen-Yu
2015-01-01
In the \\cite{Kuwakino:2014nra}, a logarithmic correction to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy was suggested to act as the entanglement entropy which encodes the black hole information. A sudden entanglement model of CFT within finite Euclidean time was proposed and justified by the alternative sign for $n$-partite quantum information. However, this prelimary form suffers from the notorious divergence at its low temperature limit. In this letter, we propose a modified form for black hole entanglement entropy such that the divergence sickness can be cured. We discuss its asymptotic form at both IR and UV limit and relation to the higher loop quantum correction. At last, we argue that the black hole remnant hypothesis may not be needed for this modified entanglement entropy.
Gravitational entropy of a Schwarzschild-type black hole
Dil, Emre
2016-07-01
In this study, Clifton, Ellis and Tavakol's gravitational entropy proposal is used to determine the entropy of free gravitational fields due to a spherical symmetric Schwarzschild-type black hole which is considered in the framework of f( R) gravity. In order to obtain the gravitational entropy, we calculate the Weyl tensor of the black hole to determine the Bel-Robinson tensor, giving the super energy density. By using the super energy density, we obtain the gravitational energy density and the gravitational temperature to calculate the gravitational entropy of the f( R) gravity black hole. This proposal can reproduce the Bekenstein-Hawking value in general relativity limit, but cannot reproduce it in the f( R) gravity case.
Entropy of three-dimensional BTZ black holes
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GAO; Changjun; SHEN; Yougen
2004-01-01
The entropies of scalar field and neutrino field are calculated in the back ground of three-dimensional BTZ black hole.Considering statistical physics,we propose not to consider the superraradiant modes for bosons(Fermion fields do not displaysup perradiance).In fact,the nonsuperradiant modes do contribute exactly the area entropy for both bosons and fermions.The result shows that the neutrino field entropy is 3/2 times the scalar one.
Universal Near-Horizon Conformal Structure and Black Hole Entropy
Chakrabarti, Sayan K.; Gupta, Kumar S.; Sen, Siddhartha
It is shown that a massless scalar probe reveals a universal near-horizon conformal structure for a wide class of black holes, including the BTZ. The central charge of the corresponding Virasoro algebra contains information about the black hole. With a suitable quantization condition on the central charge, the CFT associated with the black hole in our approach is consistent with the recent observation of Witten, where the dual theory for the BTZ in the AdS/CFT framework has been identified with the construction of Frenkel, Lepowsky and Meurman. This CFT admits the Fischer-Griess monster group as its symmetry. The logarithm of the dimension of a specific representation of the monster group has been identified by Witten as the entropy of the BTZ black hole. Our algebraic approach shows that a wide class of black holes share the same near-horizon conformal structure as that for the BTZ. With a suitable quantization condition, the CFT's for all these black holes in our formalism can be identified with the FLM model, although not through the AdS/CFT correspondence. The corresponding entropy for the BTZ provides a lower bound for the entropy of this entire class of black holes.
Entropy of N-Dimensional Spherically Symmetric Charged Black Hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Ren; WU Yue-Qin; ZHANG Li-Chun
2003-01-01
By using the method of quantum statistics, we derive directly the partition functions of bosonic andfermionic fields in the N-dimensional spherically symmetric charged black hole space-time. The statistical entropy ofblack hole is obtained by an improved brick-wall method. When we choose proper parameters in our results, we canobtain that the entropy of black hole is proportional to the area of horizon. In our result, there do not exist neglectedterm and divergent logarithmic term given in the original brick-wall method. We avoid the difficulty in solving the waveequation of scalar and Dirac fields. We offer a simple and direct way of studying entropy of the higher-dimensional black hole.
Entropy calculation for a toy black hole
Sahlmann, H.
2008-01-01
In this note we carry out the counting of states for a black hole in loop quantum gravity, however assuming an equidistant area spectrum. We find that this toy-model is exactly solvable, and we show that its behavior is very similar to that of the correct model. Thus this toy-model can be used as a
Black Hole Entropy, Topological Entropy and the Baum-Connes Conjecture in K-Theory
Zois, Ioannis P.
2001-01-01
We shall try to exhibit a relation between black hole entropy and topological entropy using the famous Baum-Connes conjecture for foliated manifolds which are particular examples of noncommutative spaces. Our argument is qualitative and it is based on the microscopic origin of the Beckenstein-Hawking area-entropy formula for black holes, provided by superstring theory, in the more general noncommutative geometric context of M-Theory following the Connes- Douglas-Schwarz article.
Corrected entropy of BTZ black hole in tunneling approach
Modak, Sujoy Kumar
2008-01-01
We investigate further the recent analysis \\cite{R.Banerjee2}, based on a Hamilton-Jacobi type approach, to compute the temperature and entropy of black holes beyond the semiclassical approximation. It is shown how non spherically symmetric geometries are inducted in the general formalism by explicitly considering the BTZ black hole. The leading (logarithmic) and non leading corrections to the area law are obtained.
Corrected entropy of BTZ black hole in tunneling approach
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Modak, Sujoy Kumar [S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, JD Block, Sector III, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700098 (India)], E-mail: sujoy@bose.res.in
2009-01-12
We investigate further the recent analysis [R. Banerjee, B.R. Majhi, JHEP 0806 (2008) 095, (arXiv: 0805.2220)], based on a Hamilton-Jacobi type approach, to compute the temperature and entropy of black holes beyond the semiclassical approximation. It is shown how nonspherically symmetric geometries are inducted in the general formalism by explicitly considering the BTZ black hole. The leading (logarithmic) and nonleading corrections to the area law are obtained.
Corrected entropy of BTZ black hole in tunneling approach
Modak, Sujoy Kumar
2009-01-01
We investigate further the recent analysis [R. Banerjee, B.R. Majhi, JHEP 0806 (2008) 095, arxiv:arXiv: 0805.2220], based on a Hamilton-Jacobi type approach, to compute the temperature and entropy of black holes beyond the semiclassical approximation. It is shown how nonspherically symmetric geometries are inducted in the general formalism by explicitly considering the BTZ black hole. The leading (logarithmic) and nonleading corrections to the area law are obtained.
BTZ Black Hole Entropy and the Turaev-Viro model
Geiller, Marc
2013-01-01
We show the explicit agreement between the derivation of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of a Euclidean BTZ black hole from the point of view of spin foam models and canonical quantization. This is done by considering a graph observable (corresponding to the black hole horizon) in the Turaev-Viro state sum model, and then analytically continuing the resulting partition function to negative values of the cosmological constant.
Statistical Entropy of Horowitz—Strominger Black Hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAORen; ZHANGJun－Fang; 等
2002-01-01
The partition functions of bosonic and fermionic fields in Horowitz-Strominger black hole are derived directly by quantum statistical method.Then via the improved brick-wall method (membrane model),the statistical entropy of black hole is obtained.If a proper parameter is chosen in our result,it is found out that the entropy is proportional to the area of horizon.The stripped term and the divergent logarithmic term in the original brick-wall method no longer exist.The difficulty in solving the wave equations of scalar and Dirac fields is avoided.A new neat way of calculating the entropy of various complicated black holes is offered.
Holography, Gauge-Gravity Connection and Black Hole Entropy
Majumdar, Parthasarathi
2009-01-01
The issues of holography and possible links with gauge theories in spacetime physics is discussed, in an approach quite distinct from the more restricted AdS-CFT correspondence. A particular notion of holography in the context of black hole thermodynamics is derived (rather than conjectured) from rather elementary considerations, which also leads to a criterion of thermal stability of radiant black holes, without resorting to specific classical metrics. For black holes that obey this criterion, the canonical entropy is expressed in terms of the microcanonical entropy of an Isolated Horizon which is essentially a local generalization of the very global event horizon and is a null inner boundary of spacetime, with marginal outer trapping. It is argued why degrees of freedom on this horizon must be described by a topological gauge theory. Quantizing this boundary theory leads to the microcanonical entropy of the horizon expressed in terms of an infinite series asymptotic in the cross-sectional area, with the lea...
Extremal Black Hole Entropy from Horizon Conformal Field Theories
Halyo, Edi
2015-01-01
We show that the entropy of extremal $D=4$ Reissner--Nordstrom black holes can be computed from horizon CFTs with central charges and conformal weights fixed by the dimensionless Rindler energy. This is possible in the simultaneous extremal and near horizon limit of the black hole which takes the geometry to an $AdS_2$ Rindler space with finite temperature. The CFT description of dilatonic $AdS_2$ black holes, obtained from extremal ones by dimensional reduction, lead to exactly the same CFT states.
Spectrum and statistical entropy of AdS black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Popular approaches to quantum gravity describe black hole microstates differently and apply different statistics to count them. Since the relationship between the approaches is not clear, this obscures the role of statistics in calculating the black hole entropy. We address this issue by discussing the entropy of eternal AdS black holes in dimension four and above within the context of a midisuperspace model. We determine the black hole eigenstates and find that they describe the quantization in half integer units of a certain function of the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner (ADM) mass and the cosmological constant. In the limit of a vanishing cosmological constant (the Schwarzschild limit) the quantized function becomes the horizon area and in the limit of a large cosmological constant it approaches the ADM mass of the black holes. We show that in the Schwarzschild limit the area quatization leads to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy if Boltzmann statistics are employed. In the limit of a large cosmological constant the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy can be recovered only via Bose statistics. The two limits are separated by a first order phase transition, which seems to suggest a shift from ''particlelike'' degrees of freedom at large cosmological constant to geometric degrees of freedom as the cosmological constant approaches zero.
Quantum-corrected finite entropy of noncommutative acoustic black holes
Anacleto, M. A.; Brito, F. A.; Luna, G. C.; Passos, E.; Spinelly, J.
2015-11-01
In this paper we consider the generalized uncertainty principle in the tunneling formalism via Hamilton-Jacobi method to determine the quantum-corrected Hawking temperature and entropy for 2 + 1-dimensional noncommutative acoustic black holes. In our results we obtain an area entropy, a correction logarithmic in leading order, a correction term in subleading order proportional to the radiation temperature associated with the noncommutative acoustic black holes and an extra term that depends on a conserved charge. Thus, as in the gravitational case, there is no need to introduce the ultraviolet cut-off and divergences are eliminated.
Quantum-corrected finite entropy of noncommutative acoustic black holes
Anacleto, M A; Luna, G C; Passos, E; Spinelly, J
2015-01-01
In this paper we consider the generalized uncertainty principle in the tunneling formalism via Hamilton-Jacobi method to determine the quantum-corrected Hawking temperature and entropy for 2+1-dimensional noncommutative acoustic black holes. In our results we obtain an area entropy, a correction logarithmic in leading order, a correction term in subleading order proportional to the radiation temperature associated with the noncommutative acoustic black holes and an extra term that depends on a conserved charge. Thus, as in the gravitational case, there is no need to introduce the ultraviolet cut-off and divergences are eliminated.
Absence of log correction in entropy of large black holes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ghosh, A., E-mail: amit.ghosh@saha.ac.in; Mitra, P., E-mail: parthasarathi.mitra@saha.ac.in
2014-06-27
Earlier calculations of black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity led to a dominant term proportional to the area, but there was a correction involving the logarithm of the area, the Chern–Simons level being assumed to be large. We find that the calculations yield an entropy proportional to the area eigenvalue with no such correction if the Chern–Simons level is finite, so that the area eigenvalue can be relatively large.
Black Hole Entropy Calculation in a Modified Thin Film Model
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Jingyi Zhang
2011-03-01
The thin film model is modified to calculate the black hole entropy. The difference from the original method is that the Parikh–Wilczek tunnelling framework is introduced and the self-gravitation of the emission particles is taken into account. In terms of our improvement, if the entropy is still proportional to the area, then the emission energy of the particles will satisfy = /360.
CFT and Logarithmic Corrections of Black Hole Entropy Product Formula
Pradhan, Parthapratim
2016-01-01
We examine the \\emph{effects of CFT} (conformal field theory) on the logarithmic corrections of black hole (BH) entropy product formula of outer horizon and inner horizon by explicitly giving several examples. We also argue that logarithmic corrections of BH entropy product formula when calculated via CFT the formula also should \\emph{not be universal} and it also should \\emph{not be quantized}.
Quantization of black hole entropy from unstable circular null geodesics
Wei, Shao-Wen; Liu, Yu-Xiao; Fu, Chun-E.
2016-04-01
The quasinormal mode frequencies can be understood from the massless particles trapped at the unstable circular null geodesics and slowly leaking out to infinity. Based on this viewpoint, in this paper, we semiclassically construct the entropy spectrum of the static and stationary black holes from the null geodesics. The result shows that the spacing of the entropy spectrum only depends on the property of the black hole in the eikonal limit. Moreover, for a black hole far from the extremal case, the spacing is found to be smaller than 2πħ for any dimension, which is very different from the result of the previous work by using the usual quasinormal mode frequencies.
Simple regular black hole with logarithmic entropy correction
Morales--Durán, Nicolás; Hoyos--Restrepo, Paulina; Bargueño, Pedro
2016-01-01
A simple regular black hole solution satisfying the weak energy condition is obtained within Einstein--non--linear electrodynamics theory. We have computed the thermodynamic properties of this black hole by a careful analysis of the horizons and we have found that the usual Bekenstein--Hawking entropy gets corrected by a logarithmic term. Therefore, in this sense our model realizes some quantum gravity predictions which add this kind of correction to the black hole entropy. In particular, we have established some similitudes between our model and a quadratic generalized uncertainty principle. This similitude has been confirmed by the existence of a remnant, which prevents complete evaporation, in agreement with the quadratic generalized uncertainty principle case.
Statistical Entropy of Four-Dimensional Extremal Black Holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
String theory is used to count microstates of four-dimensional extremal black holes in compactifications with N=4 and N=8 supersymmetry. The result agrees for large charges with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society
Stationarity of Extremum Entropy Stars and Black Holes
Schiffrin, Joshua
2015-04-01
For axisymmetric perfect-fluid stars in general relativity, we show that extrema of total entropy at fixed mass, angular momentum, and particle number are stationary. For axisymmetric vacuum black holes, we show that extrema of apparent-horizon area at fixed mass and angular momentum are stationary.
Scalar field entanglement entropy for small Schwarzschild black hole
Teslyk, Maksym; Teslyk, Olena
2013-01-01
We consider scalar field entanglement entropy generated with black hole of (sub)planck mass scale thus implying the unitary evolution of gravity. The dependence on the dimension of the Hilbert space for degrees of freedom located behind the horizon is taken into account. The obtained results contain polylogarithmic terms.
Logarithmic corrections in black hole entropy product formula
Pradhan, Parthapratim
2016-07-01
It has been shown by explicit and exact calculation that whenever we have taken the effects of stable thermal fluctuations, the entropy product formula should not be mass-independent nor does it quantized. It has been examined by giving some specific examples for non-rotating and rotating black hole.
Quantum Statistical Entropy of Spherical Black Holes in Higher Dimensions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XU Dian-Yan
2000-01-01
The free energy and entropy of a general spherically symmetry black hole are calculated by quantum statistic method with brick wall model Two different kinds of approximation are used to calculate the number of states in transverse spatial space. The final results are approximately equal except a rational numerical constant. The formulas of free energy and entropy, evaluated by each one of the two different kinds of approximation, are the same except some numerical constants. The free energy and entropy are dependent on the spacetime dimensionsD. When D = 4, they reduce to the usual well known results.
Dirty black holes Entropy as a surface term
Visser, M
1993-01-01
It is by now clear that the naive rule for the entropy of a black hole, {entropy} = 1/4 {area of event horizon}, is violated in many interesting cases. Indeed, several authors have recently conjectured that in general the entropy of a dirty black hole might be given purely in terms of some surface integral over the event horizon of that black hole. A formal proof of this conjecture, using Lorentzian signature techniques, has recently been provided by Wald. This note performs two functions. Firstly, a rather different proof of this result is presented --- a proof based on Euclidean signature techniques. The total entropy is S = 1/4 {k A_H / l_P^2} + \\int_H {S} \\sqrt{g} d^2x. The integration runs over a spacelike cross-section of the event horizon H. The surface entropy density, {S}, is related to the behaviour of the matter Lagrangian under time dilations. Secondly, I shall consider the specific case of Einstein-Hilbert gravity coupled to an effective Lagrangian that is an arbitrary function of the Riemann ten...
Universal near-horizon conformal structure and black hole entropy
Chakrabarti, Sayan K; Sen, Siddhartha
2007-01-01
It is shown that a massless scalar probe reveals a universal near-horizon conformal structure for a wide class of black holes, including the BTZ. The central charge of the corresponding Virasoro algebra contains information about the black hole. With a suitable quantization condition on the central charge, the CFT associated with the black hole in our approach is consistent with the recent observation of Witten, where the dual theory for the BTZ in the AdS/CFT framework has been identified with the construction of Frenkel, Lepowsky and Meurman. This CFT admits the Fischer-Griess monster group as its symmetry. The logarithm of the dimension of a specific representation of the monster group has been identified by Witten as the entropy of the BTZ black hole. Our algebraic approach shows that a wide class of black holes share the same near-horizon conformal structure as that for the BTZ. With a suitable quantization condition, the CFT's for all these black holes can be identified with the FLM model and the corres...
A note on entropy of de Sitter black holes
Bhattacharya, Sourav
2015-01-01
A de Sitter black hole or a black hole spacetime endowed with a positive cosmological constant has two Killing horizons -- a black hole horizon and a cosmological event horizon surrounding it. It is natural to expect that the total Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of such spacetimes should be the sum of the two horizons' areas. In this work we apply the recently developed formalism using the Gibbons-Hawking-York boundary term and the near horizon symmetries to derive the total entropy of such two horizon spacetimes. We first use a suitable general geometric set up for stationary axisymmetric spacetimes with two or more than two commuting Killing vector fields in an arbitrary spacetime dimensions. This framework helps us to deal with both the horizons in an equal footing and to obtain the total entropy. We show that in order get the total entropy, the near horizon mode functions for the diffeomorphism generating vector fields has to be restricted in a certain manner, compared to the single horizon spacetimes. We nex...
Black hole entropy, topological entropy and the Baum-Connes conjecture in K-theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We shall try to show a relation between black hole (BH) entropy and topological entropy using the famous Baum-Connes conjecture for foliated manifolds which are particular examples of noncommutative spaces. Our argument is qualitative and it is based on the microscopic origin of the Beckenstein-Hawking area-entropy formula for BHs, provided by superstring theory, in the more general noncommutative geometric context of M-theory following the approach of Connes-Douglas-Schwarz. (author)
Black hole entropy, topological entropy and the Baum-Connes conjecture in K-theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zois, Ioannis P. [Mathematical Institute, Oxford University, Oxford (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: izois@maths.ox.ac.uk
2002-03-29
We shall try to show a relation between black hole (BH) entropy and topological entropy using the famous Baum-Connes conjecture for foliated manifolds which are particular examples of noncommutative spaces. Our argument is qualitative and it is based on the microscopic origin of the Beckenstein-Hawking area-entropy formula for BHs, provided by superstring theory, in the more general noncommutative geometric context of M-theory following the approach of Connes-Douglas-Schwarz. (author)
Corrections to the statistical entropy of five dimensional black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We compute the statistical entropy of the three charge (D1-D5-p) five dimensional black hole to sub-leading order in a large charge expansion. We find an agreement with the macroscopic calculation of the Wald entropy in R2 corrected supergravity theory. The two calculations have a overlapping regime of validity which is not the Cardy regime in the microscopic conformal field theory. We use this result to clarify the 4d-5d lift for black holes on Taub-NUT space. In particular, we compute sub-leading corrections to the formula S4d = S5d. In the microscopic analysis, this correction arises from excitations bound to the Taub-NUT space. In the macroscopic picture, the difference is accounted by a mechanism present in a higher derivative theory wherein the geometry of the Taub-NUT space absorbs some of the electric charge.
Entropy Defined, Entropy Increase and Decoherence Understood, and Some Black-Hole Puzzles Solved
Kay, B S
1998-01-01
Statistical mechanics explains thermodynamics in terms of (quantum) mechanics by equating the entropy of a microstate of a closed system with the logarithm of the number of microstates in the macrostate to which it belongs, but the question `what is a macrostate?' has never been answered except in a vague, subjective, way. However Hawking's discovery of black hole evaporation led to a formula for black hole entropy with no subjective element. In this letter, we argue from this result, together with the assumption that `black hole thermodynamics is just ordinary thermodynamics applied to black holes', that a macrostate for a general (quantum gravitational) closed system is an equivalence class of matter-gravity microstates with the same expectation values for the matter degrees of freedom alone. Not only does this finally answer the question `what is entropy?', but it also predicts the equality of the thermodynamic entropy of a black hole with the matter and the gravity entropy-like quantities derived from the...
Entropy localization and extensivity in the semiclassical black hole evaporation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
I aim to quantify the distribution of information in the Hawking radiation and inside the black hole in the semiclassical evaporation process. The structure of relativistic quantum field theory does not allow one to define a localized entropy unambiguously, but rather forces one to consider the shared information (mutual information) between two different regions of space-time. Using this tool, I first show that the entropy of a thermal gas at the Unruh temperature underestimates the actual amount of (shared) information present in a region of the Rindler space. Then, I analyze the mutual information between the black hole and the late time radiation region. A well-known property of the entropy implies that this is monotonically increasing with time. This means that in the semiclassical picture it is not possible to recover the eventual purity of the initial state in the final Hawking radiation through subtle correlations established during the whole evaporation period, no matter the interactions present in the theory. I find extensivity of the entropy as a consequence of a reduction to a two dimensional conformal problem in a simple approximation. However, the extensivity of information in the radiation region in a full four dimensional calculation seems not to be guaranteed on general grounds. I also analyze the localization of shared information inside the black hole finding that a large amount of it is contained in a small, approximately flat region of space-time near the point where the horizon begins. This gives place to large violations of the entropy bounds. I show that this problem is not eased by backscattering effects and argue that a breaking of conformal invariance is necessary to delocalize the entropy. Finally, I indicate that the mutual information could lead to a way to understand the Bekenstein-Hawking black hole entropy which does not require a drastic reduction in degrees of freedom in order to regulate the entanglement entropy. On the contrary
Black hole entropy and the problem of universality
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A key test of any quantum theory of gravity is its ability to reproduce the known thermodynamic properties of black holes. A statistical mechanical description of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy once seemed remote, but today we suffer an embarrassment of riches: many different approaches to quantum gravity yield the same entropy, despite counting very different states. This 'universality' suggests that some underlying feature of the classical theory may control the quantum density of states. I discuss the possibility that this feature is an approximate two-dimensional conformal symmetry near the horizon
Extremal black holes, gravitational entropy and nonstationary metric fields
Edery, Ariel
2010-01-01
We show that extremal black holes have zero entropy by pointing out a simple fact: they are time-independent throughout the spacetime and therefore correspond to a single or unique metric field configuration. We show that non-extremal black holes, including the Schwarzschild black hole, contain a region hidden behind the event horizon where all their Killing vectors are spacelike. This region is nonstationary and the time $t$ labels a continuous set of classical microstates, the phase space $[\\,h_{ab}(t), P^{ab}(t)\\,]$, where $h_{ab}$ is a three-metric induced on a spacelike hypersurface $\\Sigma_t$ and $P^{ab}$ is its momentum conjugate. We determine explicitly the phase space in the interior region of the Schwarzschild black hole. We identify its entropy as a measure of an outside observer's ignorance of $h_{ab}$ and $P^{ab}$ inside the event horizon: ignorance of the value of the label $t$ which lies anywhere between $0$ and $2M$. We provide numerical evidence from recent simulations of gravitational collap...
Increase of black hole entropy in higher curvature gravity
Jacobson, T; Myers, R C; Jacobson, Ted; Kang, Gungwon; Myers, Robert C
1995-01-01
We examine the Zeroth Law and the Second Law of black hole thermodynamics within the context of effective gravitational actions including higher curvature interactions. We show that entropy can never decrease for quasi-stationary processes in which a black hole accretes positive energy matter, independent of the details of the gravitational action. Within a class of higher curvature theories where the Lagrangian consists of a polynomial in the Ricci scalar, we use a conformally equivalent theory to establish that stationary black hole solutions with a Killing horizon satisfy the Zeroth Law, and that the Second Law holds in general for any dynamical process. We also introduce a new method for establishing the Second Law based on a generalization of the area theorem, which may prove useful for a wider class of Lagrangians. Finally, we show how one can infer the form of the black hole entropy, at least for the Ricci polynomial theories, by integrating the changes of mass and angular momentum in a quasistationary...
Entropy Product Formula for spinning BTZ Black Hole
Pradhan, Parthapratim
2015-01-01
We investigate the thermodynamic properties of inner and outer horizons in the background of spinning BTZ(Ba\\~{n}ados,Teitelboim and Zanelli) black hole. We compute the \\emph{horizon radii product, the entropy product, the surface temperature product, the Komar energy product and the specific heat product} for both the horizons. We observe that the entropy product is \\emph{universal}(mass-independent), whereas the surface temperature product, Komar energy product and specific heat product are \\emph{not universal} because they all depends on mass parameter. We also show that the \\emph{First law} of black hole thermodynamics and \\emph {Smarr-Gibbs-Duhem } relations hold for inner horizon as well as outer horizon. The Christodoulou-Ruffini mass formula is derived for both the horizons. We further study the \\emph{stability} of such black hole by computing the specific heat for both the horizons. It has been observed that under certain condition the black hole possesses \\emph{second order phase transition}.
Bound of Noncommutativity Parameter Based on Black Hole Entropy
Kim, Wontae; Lee, Daeho
2010-01-01
We study the bound of the noncommutativity parameter in the noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole which is a solution of the noncommutative ISO(3,1) Poincare gauge group. The statistical entropy satisfying the area law in the brick wall method yields a cutoff relation which depends on the noncommutativity parameter. Requiring both the cutoff parameter and the noncommutativity parameter to be real, the noncommutativity parameter can be shown to be bounded as $\\Theta > 8.4\\ times 10^{-2}l_{p}$.
Loop quantum gravity in higher dimensions and black hole entropy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A reformulation of higher-dimensional gravity theories is discussed which allows for the application of the loop quantum gravity program. To this end, a Hamiltonian formulation of the gravity theory has to be given on a Yang-Mills phase space such that the Yang-Mills gauge group is compact, the Poisson brackets are canonical, the variables are real and the theory is only subject to first class constraints. The computation of black hole entropy is discussed as an application.
A note on entropy of de Sitter black holes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bhattacharya, Sourav [University of Crete, ITCP and Department of Physics, Heraklion (Greece); Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune (India)
2016-03-15
A de Sitter black hole or a black hole spacetime endowed with a positive cosmological constant has two Killing horizons - a black hole and a cosmological event horizon surrounding it. It is natural to expect that the total Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of such spacetimes should be the sum of the two horizons' areas. In this work we apply the recently developed formalism using the Gibbons-Hawking-York boundary term and the near horizon symmetries to derive the total entropy of such two horizon spacetimes. We construct a suitable general geometric set up for general stationary axisymmetric spacetimes with two or more than two commuting Killing vector fields in an arbitrary spacetime dimensions. This framework helps us to deal with both horizons on an equal footing. We show that in order to obtain the total entropy of such spacetimes, the near horizon mode functions for the diffeomorphism generating vector fields have to be restricted in a certain manner, compared to the single horizon spacetimes. We next discuss specific known exact solutions belonging to the Kerr-Newman or the Plebanski-Demianski-de Sitter families to show that they fall into the category of our general framework. We end with a sketch of further possible extensions of this work. (orig.)
Black-hole entropy and minimal diffusion
Arzano, Michele; Calcagni, Gianluca
2013-01-01
The density of states reproducing the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy-area scaling can be modeled via a nonlocal field theory. We define a diffusion process based on the kinematics of this theory and find a spectral dimension whose flow exhibits surprising properties. While it asymptotes four from above in the infrared, in the ultraviolet the spectral dimension diverges at a finite (Planckian) value of the diffusion length, signaling a breakdown of the notion of diffusion on a continuum spacetime ...
Area and entropy spectra of black holes via an adiabatic invariant
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Liu Cheng-Zhou
2012-01-01
By considering and using an adiabatic invariant for black holes,the area and entropy spectra of static sphericallysymmetric black holes are investigated.Without using quasi-normal modes of black holes,equally-spaced area and entropy spectra are derived by only utilizing the adiabatic invariant.The spectra for non-charged and charged black holes are calculated,respectively.All these results are consistent with the original Bekenstein spectra.
Entropy of localized states and black hole evaporation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We call a state 'vacuum bounded' if every measurement performed outside a specified interior region gives the same result as in the vacuum. We compute the maximum entropy of a vacuum-bounded state with a given energy for a one-dimensional model, with the aid of numerical calculations on a lattice. The maximum entropy is larger than it would be for rigid wall boundary conditions by an amount δS, which for large energies is approx-lt(1)/(6)ln(LinT), where Lin is the length of the interior region. Assuming that the state resulting from the evaporation of a black hole is similar to a vacuum-bounded state, and that the similarity between vacuum-bounded and rigid-wall-bounded problems extends from 1 to 3 dimensions, we apply these results to the black hole information paradox. Under these assumptions we conclude that large amounts of information cannot be emitted in the final explosion of a black hole. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Entropy of the information retrieved from black holes
Mersini-Houghton, Laura
2016-07-01
The retrieval of black hole information was recently presented in two interesting proposals in the ‘Hawking Radiation’ conference: a revised version by Hooft of a proposal he initially suggested 20 years ago and, a new proposal by Hawking. Both proposals address the problem of black hole information loss at the classical level and derive an expression for the scattering matrix. The former uses gravitation back reaction of incoming particles that imprints its information on the outgoing modes. The latter uses supertranslation symmetry of horizons to relate a phase delay of the outgoing wave packet compared to their incoming wave partners. The difficulty in both proposals is that the entropy obtained from them appears to be infinite. By including quantum effects into the Hawking and Hooft’s proposals, I show that a subtlety arising from the inescapable measurement process, the quantum Zeno effect, not only tames divergences but it actually recovers the correct 1/4 of the area Bekenstein–Hawking entropy law of black holes.
Logarithmic Black Hole Entropy Corrections and Holographic R\\'enyi Entropy
Mahapatra, Subhash
2016-01-01
The entanglement and R\\'{e}nyi entropies for spherical entangling surfaces in CFTs with gravity duals can be explicitly calculated by mapping these entropies first to the thermal entropy on hyperbolic space and then, using the AdS/CFT correspondence, to the Wald entropy of topological black holes. Here we extend this idea by taking into account corrections to the Wald entropy. Using the method based on horizon symmetries and the asymptotic Cardy formula, we calculate corrections to the Wald entropy and find that these corrections are proportional to the logarithm of horizon area. With the corrected black hole entropy expression, we then find corrections to the R\\'{e}nyi entropies. We calculate these corrections for both Einstein as well as Gauss-Bonnet gravity duals. Corrections with logarithmic dependence on the area of the entangling surface naturally occur at the order $G_{D}^0$ and it seems to be a general feature of entanglement and R\\'{e}nyi entropies for CFTs with gravity duals. In particular, there is...
Einstein Prize: Black Hole Entropy - Then and Now
Bekenstein, Jacob
2015-04-01
Forty five year ago black holes were universally regarded as gravitational entities with only mechanical and electrical attributes. There then occurred a shift in thinking and we became accustomed to regard those exotic objects as also subject to thermodynamics. I shall recollect the forerunners of this conceptual change e.g. Hawking's black hole area increase theorem, and some of the steps by which it took place. The transition involved the introduction of black hole entropy and temperature, and the formulation of a generalized version of the second law. This last proved prophetic with the discovery of Hawking's radiance, a phenomenon which transcends the area increase theorem, but upholds the generalized second law. The thermodynamic paradigm for black holes has brought us face to face with subtle issues having to to do with the significance of information in physics, and the seeming collision between gravitational theory and quantum mechanics. Among the concrete fruits of the new way of thinking are various results on the peak information capacity of physical systems, as well as the ``holographic'' approach by which intricate calculations in quantum field theory (with applications to elementary particles or condensed matter physics) can be traded for tractable ones in classical gravity theory.
Entropy of non-extreme rotating black holes in string theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We formulate the Rindler space description of rotating black holes in string theories. We argue that the comoving frame is the natural frame for studying the thermodynamics of rotating black holes and the statistical analysis of rotating black holes gets simplified in this frame. We also calculate statistical entropies of a general class of rotating black holes in heterotic strings on tori by applying the D-brane description and the correspondence principle. We find at least a qualitative agreement between the Bekenstein-Hawking entropies and the statistical entropies of these black hole solutions. (orig.)
Bosonic and Fermionic Entropy of (2+1)-Dimensional Charged Black Hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Ju-Hua; WANG Yong-Jiu; JING Ji-Liang
2001-01-01
From resolving Klein-Gordon equation and Dirac equation in (2+1)-dimensional charged black hole spacetime and using 't Hooft's boundary condition and "quasi-periodic" boundary condition in the thin film brick wall model of black hole, which is introduced by LIU Weng-Biao and ZHAO Zheng, we obtain the bosonic and fermionic entropy of (2+1)-dimensional charged black hole, and find that the bosonic entropy is three times of fermionic entropy.
Entropy Spectrum of Modified Schwarzschild Black Hole via an Action Invariance
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Cheng-Zhou Liu
2014-09-01
The entropy spectrum of a modified Schwarzschild black hole in the gravity’s rainbow are investigated. By utilizing an action invariance of the black hole with the help of Bohr–Sommerfield quantization rule, the entropy spectrum for the modified black hole are calculated. The result of the equally spaced-entropy spectrum being consistent to the original Bekenstein’s spectra is derived.
Universal Counting of Black Hole Entropy by Strings on the Stretched Horizon
Halyo, E
2001-01-01
We show that the entropy of any black object in any dimension can be understood as the entropy of a highly excited string on the stretched horizon. The string has a gravitationally renormalized tension due to the large redshift near the horizon. The Hawking temperature is given by the Hagedorn temperature of the string. As examples, we consider black holes with one (black p-branes) or two charges, Reissner-Nordstrom black holes and the BTZ black hole in addition to Schwarzschild black holes. We show that the vanishing and nonvanishing extremal entropies can be obtained as smooth limits of the near-extreme cases.
Entropy of Non-Extremal Black Holes from Loop Gravity
Bianchi, Eugenio
2012-01-01
We compute the entropy of non-extremal black holes using the quantum dynamics of Loop Gravity. The horizon entropy is finite, scales linearly with the area A, and reproduces the Bekenstein-Hawking expression S = A/4 with the one-fourth coefficient for all values of the Immirzi parameter. The near-horizon geometry of a non-extremal black hole - as seen by a stationary observer - is described by a Rindler horizon. We introduce the notion of a quantum Rindler horizon in the framework of Loop Gravity. The system is described by a quantum surface and the dynamics is generated by the boost Hamiltonion of Lorentzian Spinfoams. We show that the expectation value of the boost Hamiltonian reproduces the local horizon energy of Frodden, Ghosh and Perez. We study the coupling of the geometry of the quantum horizon to a two-level system and show that it thermalizes to the local Unruh temperature. The derived values of the energy and the temperature allow one to compute the thermodynamic entropy of the quantum horizon. The...
Entropy of Black Holes: A Quantum Algebraic Approach
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. Vitiello
2003-02-01
Full Text Available Abstract: In this paper we apply to a class of static and time-independent geometries the recently developed formalism of deformed algebras of quantum fields in curved backgrounds. In particular we derive: i some non-trivial features of the entanglement of the quantum vacuum, such as the robustness against interaction with the environment; ii the thermal properties and the entropy of black holes for space-times with a unique event horizon, such as Schwarzschild, de Sitter and Rindler space-times.
Localization of micro-states and statistical entropy of black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Statistical entropy of black holes in theories which are obtained by dimensional reduction from higher dimensions is calculated. The near-horizon geometry of these black holes contains as a factor the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black hole. As the examples, the four-dimensional magnetic black holes obtained by dimensional reduction from the five-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell gravity and N = 2 supersymmetric four and five-dimensional black holes obtained by compactification of M-theory solutions on Calabi-Yau manifolds are considered. Statistical entropy is calculated as the entropy of micro-states of the three-dimensional black hole localized in the near-horizon region. In all the cases statistical entropy is equal to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy
Dyonic AdS_4 black hole entropy and attractors via entropy function
Goulart, Prieslei
2015-01-01
Using the Sen's entropy function formalism, we compute the entropy for the extremal dyonic black hole solutions of theories in the presence of dilaton field coupled to the field strength and a dilaton potential. We solve the attractor equations analytically and determine the near horizon metric, the value of the scalar fields and the electric field on the horizon, and consequently the entropy of these black holes. The attractor mechanism plays a very important role for these systems, and after studying the simplest systems involving dilaton fields, we propose a general ansatz for the value of the scalar field on the horizon, which allows us to solve the attractor equations for gauged supergravity theories in AdS_4 spaces.
Statistical Entropy of the Kaluza－Klein Black Hole from the Horizon Conformal Field Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JING Ji-Liang; YAN Mu-Lin
2001-01-01
The statistical entropy of the Kaluza-Klein black hole is studied by counting the black hole states which form an algebra of diffeomorphism at Killing horizon with a central charge. It is shown that the entropy yielded by the standard Cardy formula agrees with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy only if we take period T of function u as the periodicity of the Euclidean black hole. On the other hand, the first-order quantum correction to the entropy is proportional to the logarithm of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy with a factor -1/2.
The Nernst theorem and statistical entropy in a (1+1)-dimensional charged black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It was derived that the bosonic and fermionic entropies in (1+1)-dimensional charged black hole directly by using the quantum statistical method. The result is the same as the integral expression obtained by solving the wave equation approximately. Then it is obtained the statistical entropy of the black hole by integration via the improved brick-wall method, membrane model. The derived entropy satisfies the thermodynamic relation. When the radiation temperature of the black hole tends to zero, so does the entropy. It obeys Nernst theorem. So it can be taken as Planck absolute entropy
Analytic continuation of black hole entropy in Loop Quantum Gravity
Jibril, Ben Achour; Mouchet, Amaury; Noui, Karim
2015-06-01
We define the analytic continuation of the number of black hole microstates in Loop Quantum Gravity to complex values of the Barbero-Immirzi parameter γ. This construction deeply relies on the link between black holes and Chern-Simons theory. Technically, the key point consists in writing the number of microstates as an integral in the complex plane of a holomorphic function, and to make use of complex analysis techniques to perform the analytic continuation. Then, we study the thermodynamical properties of the corresponding system (the black hole is viewed as a gas of indistinguishable punctures) in the framework of the grand canonical ensemble where the energy is defined à la Frodden-Gosh-Perez from the point of view of an observer located close to the horizon. The semi-classical limit occurs at the Unruh temperature T U associated to this local observer. When γ = ± i, the entropy reproduces at the semi-classical limit the area law with quantum corrections. Furthermore, the quantum corrections are logarithmic provided that the chemical potential is fixed to the simple value μ = 2 T U.
Isolated Horizons and Black Hole Entropy in Loop Quantum Gravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jacobo Diaz-Polo
2012-08-01
Full Text Available We review the black hole entropy calculation in the framework of Loop Quantum Gravity based on the quasi-local definition of a black hole encoded in the isolated horizon formalism. We show, by means of the covariant phase space framework, the appearance in the conserved symplectic structure of a boundary term corresponding to a Chern-Simons theory on the horizon and present its quantization both in the U(1 gauge fixed version and in the fully SU(2 invariant one. We then describe the boundary degrees of freedom counting techniques developed for an infinite value of the Chern-Simons level case and, less rigorously, for the case of a finite value. This allows us to perform a comparison between the U(1 and SU(2 approaches and provide a state of the art analysis of their common features and different implications for the entropy calculations. In particular, we comment on different points of view regarding the nature of the horizon degrees of freedom and the role played by the Barbero-Immirzi parameter. We conclude by presenting some of the most recent results concerning possible observational tests for theory.
Statistical Entropy of an Acoustic Black Hole in Bose—Einstein Condensates
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The entanglement entropy of an acoustic black hole in a Bose—Einstein condensates (BEC) is derived, which is associated with the phonons generated via the Hawking mechanism in a sonic hole. Considering the dispersion relation of a BEC, we recalculate the entanglement entropy of the acoustic black hole by means of statistical method in two limits. We find that the entropy is still proportional to the area of event horizon, but with a coefficient dependent on the infrared cutoff. (general)
Angular Momentum-Free of the Entropy Relations for Rotating Kaluza-Klein Black Holes
Liu, Hang; Meng, Xin-He
2016-01-01
Based on a mathematical lemma related to the Vandermonde determinant and two theorems derived from the first law of black hole thermodynamics, we investigate the angular momentum independence of the entropy sum as well as the entropy product of general rotating Kaluza-Klein black holes in higher dimensions. We show that for both non-charged rotating Kaluza-Klein black holes and non-charged rotating Kaluza-Klein-AdS black holes, the angular momentum of the black holes will not be present in en...
Thermodynamics of BTZ black hole and entanglement entropy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The BTZ black Hole is (2+1) dimensional black hole solution asymptotic to anti-de-Sitter space-time. We study the discretized quantum scalar fields in background of non-rotating BTZ black hole space-time and construct the entanglement thermodynamics for massless scalar field. The behavior of the entanglement energy is understood by red shift factor caused by the curved background. The entanglement thermodynamics is compared with the black hole thermodynamics
Quantum-corrected self-dual black hole entropy in tunneling formalism with GUP
Anacleto, M. A.; Brito, F. A.; Passos, E.
2015-10-01
In this paper we focus on the Hamilton-Jacobi method to determine the entropy of a self-dual black hole by using linear and quadratic GUPs (generalized uncertainty principles). We have obtained the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of self-dual black holes and its quantum corrections that are logarithm and also of several other types.
Quantum-corrected self-dual black hole entropy in tunneling formalism with GUP
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M.A. Anacleto
2015-10-01
Full Text Available In this paper we focus on the Hamilton–Jacobi method to determine the entropy of a self-dual black hole by using linear and quadratic GUPs (generalized uncertainty principles. We have obtained the Bekenstein–Hawking entropy of self-dual black holes and its quantum corrections that are logarithm and also of several other types.
Quantum-corrected self-dual black hole entropy in tunneling formalism with GUP
Anacleto, M A; Passos, E
2015-01-01
In this paper we focus on the Hamilton-Jacobi method to determine the entropy of a self-dual black hole by using linear and quadratic GUPs(generalized uncertainty principles). We have obtained the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of self-dual black holes and its quantum corrections that are logarithm and also of several other types.
Entropy in the NUT-Kerr-Newman Black Holes in the Background of de Sitter Spacetime
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
葛先辉; 沈有根
2002-01-01
We calculate the entropy of the fermion field in the NUT-Kerr-Newman black holes in the background of the de Sitter spacetime by using the improved brick-wall method and the membrane model. Here the Euler characteristic of the black holes is over two. The results show that, as the cut-off is properly chosen, the entropy in the black hole satisfies the Bekenstein-Hawking area law.
Statistical Entropy of Nonextremal Four-Dimensional Black Holes and U-Duality
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We identify the states in string theory which are responsible for the entropy of near-extremal rotating four-dimensional black holes in N=8 supergravity. For black holes far from extremality (with no rotation), the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy is exactly matched by a mysterious duality invariant extension of the formulas derived for near-extremal black holes states. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society
Topological Aspects of Entropy and Phase Transition of Kerr Black Holes
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YANG Guo-Hong; YAN Ji-Jiang; TIAN Li-Jun; DUAN Yi-Shi
2005-01-01
In the light of topological current and the relationship between the entropy and the Euler characteristic, the topological aspects of entropy and phase transition of Kerr black holes are studied. From Gauss-Bonnet-Chern theorem,it is shown that the entropy of Kerr black holes is determined by the singularities of the Killing vector field of spacetime.By calculating the Hopf indices and Brouwer degrees of the Killing vector field at the singularities, the entropy S = A/4for nonextreme Kerr black holes and S = 0 for extreme ones are obtained, respectively. It is also discussed that, with the change of the ratio of mass to angular momentum for unit mass, the Euler characteristic and the entropy of Kerr black holes will change discontinuously when the singularities on Cauchy horizon merge with the singularities on event horizon, which will lead to the first-order phase transition of Kerr black holes.
On the Entropy Function and the Attractor Mechanism for Spherically Symmetric Extremal Black Holes
Cai, Rong-Gen; Cao, Li-Ming
2007-01-01
In this paper we elaborate on the relation between the entropy formula of Wald and the "entropy function" method proposed by A. Sen. For spherically symmetric extremal black holes, it is shown that the expression of extremal black hole entropy given by A. Sen can be derived from the general entropy definition of Wald, without help of the treatment of rescaling the AdS_2 part of near horizon geometry of extremal black holes. In our procedure, we only require that the surface gravity approaches...
Nernst Theorem and Statistical Entropy of 5-Dimensional Rotating Black Hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Ren; WU Yue-Qin; ZHANG Li-Chun
2003-01-01
In this paper, by using quantum statistical method, we obtain the partition function of Bose field and Fermi field on the background of the 5-dimensional rotating black hole. Then via the improved brick-wall method and membrane model, we calculate the entropy of Bose field and Fermi field of the black hole. And it is obtained that the entropy of the black hole is not only related to the area of the outer horizon but also is the function of inner horizon's area. In our results, there are not the left out term and the divergent logarithmic term in the original brick-wall method.The doubt that why the entropy of the scalar or Dirac field outside the event horizon is the entropy of the black hole in the original brick-wall method does not exist. The influence of spinning degeneracy of particles on entropy of the black hole is also given. It is shown that the entropy determined by the areas of the inner and outer horizons will approach zero,when the radiation temperature of the black hole approaches absolute zero. It satisfies Nernst theorem. The entropy can be taken as the Planck absolute entropy. We provide a way to study higher dimensional black hole.
Black hole entropy and SU(2) Chern-Simons theory.
Engle, Jonathan; Noui, Karim; Perez, Alejandro
2010-07-16
Black holes (BH's) in equilibrium can be defined locally in terms of the so-called isolated horizon boundary condition given on a null surface representing the event horizon. We show that this boundary condition can be treated in a manifestly SU(2) invariant manner. Upon quantization, state counting is expressed in terms of the dimension of Chern-Simons Hilbert spaces on a sphere with punctures. Remarkably, when considering an ensemble of fixed horizon area a(H), the counting can be mapped to simply counting the number of SU(2) intertwiners compatible with the spins labeling the punctures. The resulting BH entropy is proportional to a(H) with logarithmic corrections ΔS=-3/2 loga(H). Our treatment from first principles settles previous controversies concerning the counting of states. PMID:20867755
Entropy of the Information Retrieved from Black Holes
Mersini-Houghton, Laura
2015-01-01
The retrieval of black hole information was recently presented in two interesting proposals in the 'Hawking Radiation' conference: a revised version by G. 't Hooft of a proposal he initially suggested 20 years ago and, a new proposal by S. Hawking. Both proposals address the problem of black hole information loss at the classical level and derive an expression for the scattering matrix. The former uses gravitation back reaction of incoming particles that imprints its information on the outgoing modes. The latter uses supertranslation symmetry of horizons to relate a phase delay of the outgoing wave packet compared to their incoming wave partners. The difficulty in both proposals is that the entropy obtained from them appears to be infinite. By including quantum effects into the Hawking and 't Hooft's proposals, I show that a subtlety arising from the inescapable measurement process, the Quantum Zeno Effect, not only tames divergences but it actually recovers the correct $1/4$ of the area Bekenstein-Hawking en...
Angular Momentum-Free of the Entropy Relations for Rotating Kaluza-Klein Black Holes
Liu, Hang
2016-01-01
Based on a mathematical lemma related to the Vandermonde determinant and two theorems derived from the first law of black hole thermodynamics, we investigate the angular momentum independence of the entropy sum as well as the entropy product of general rotating Kaluza-Klein black holes in higher dimensions. We show that for both non-charged rotating Kaluza-Klein black holes and non-charged rotating Kaluza-Klein-AdS black holes, the angular momentum of the black holes will not be present in entropy sum relation in dimensions $d\\geq4$, while the independence of angular momentum of the entropy product holds provided that the black holes possess at least one zero rotation parameter $a_j$ = 0 in higher dimensions $d\\geq5$, which means that the cosmological constant does not affect the angular momentum-free property of entropy sum and entropy product under the circumstances that charge $\\delta=0$. For the reason that the entropy relations of charged rotating Kaluza-Klein black holes as well as the non-charged rotat...
The Nernst theorem and the statistical entropy of the NUT-Kerr-Newman black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Using quantum statistical method, we obtain the partition function of Bose field and Fermi field on the background of the axisymmetrical NUT-Kerr-Newman black hole. The difficult to solve wave equation is avoided. Then via the membrane model we calculate the entropy of Bose field and Fermi field of the black hole. Though discussing, we derive that the black hole's entropy consists of two parts. According to the property that the entropy is an extensive quantity, we know that the entropy is the contribution of two thermodynamic systems. On this basis, a new Bekenstein-Smarr formula is given. It is shown that the entropy expressed by two thermodynamic systems will approach zero, when the radiation temperature approaches absolute zero.It satisfies Nernst theorem. The entropy can be taken as the Planck absolute entropy. (authors)
Superradiance and statistical entropy of hairy black hole in three dimensions
Eune, Myungseok; Kim, Wontae
2013-01-01
We calculate the statistical entropy of a rotating hairy black hole by taking into account superradiant modes in the brick wall method. The UV cutoff is independent of the scalar hair, which gives the well-defined area law of the entropy. It can be shown that the angular momentum and the energy of matter field depend on the scalar hair. For the vanishing scalar hair, it turns out that the energy for matter is related to both the black hole mass and the black hole angular momentum whereas the angular momentum for matter field is directly proportional to the angular momentum of the black hole.
Entropy spectrum of the apparent horizon of Vaidya black holes via adiabatic invariance
Chen, Ge-Rui; Huang, Yong-Chang
2016-01-01
The spectroscopy of the apparent horizon of Vaidya black holes is investigated via adiabatic invariance. We obtain an equally spaced entropy spectrum with its quantum equal to the one given by Bekenstein [J. D. Bekenstein, Phys. Rev. D 7, 2333 (1973)]. We demonstrate that the quantization of entropy and area is a generic property of horizon, not only for stationary black holes, and the results also exit in a dynamical black hole. Our work also shows that the quantization of black hole is closely related to the tunneling formalism for deriving the Hawking effect, which is interesting.
From bricks to quasinormal modes: A new perspective on black hole entropy
Arzano, Michele; Dreyer, Olaf
2013-01-01
Calculations of black hole entropy based on the counting of modes of a quantum field propagating in a Schwarzschild background need to be regularized in the vicinity of the horizon. To obtain the Bekenstein-Hawking result the short distance cut-off needs to be fixed by hand. In this note we give an argument for obtaining this cut-off in a natural fashion. We do this by modelling the black hole by its set of quasinormal modes. The horizon then becomes a extended region: the quantum ergosphere. The interaction of the quantum ergosphere and the quantum field provides a natural regularization mechanism. The width of the quantum ergosphere provides the right cut-off for the entropy calculation. We arrive at a dual picture of black hole entropy. The entropy of the black hole is given both by the entropy of the quantum field in the bulk and the dynamical degrees of freedom on the horizon.
The entropy of Garfinkle-Horne dilaton black hole due to arbitrary spin fields
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SHEN; Yougen(沈有根)
2002-01-01
Using the membrane model which is based on brick wall model, we calculated the free energy and entropy of Garfinkle-Horne dilatonic black hole due to arbitrary spin fields. The result shows that the entropy of scalar field and the entropy of Fermionic field have similar formulas. There is only a coefficient between them.
Subleading correction to statistical entropy for Breckenridge-Myers-Peet-Vafa black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study higher derivative corrections to the statistical entropy function and the statistical entropy for five-dimensional Breckenridge-Myers-Peet-Vafa black holes by doing the asymptotic expansion of the partition function. This enables us to evaluate entropy for a large range of charges, even out of the Cardy (Farey tail) limit.
The Resolution of an Entropy Puzzle for 4D non-BPS Black Holes
Banerjee, Nabamita; Lodato, Ivano
2016-01-01
We show the equality between macroscopic and microscopic black hole entropy for a class of four dimensional non-supersymmetric black holes in ${\\cal N}=2$ supergravity theory, up to the first subleading order in their charges. This solves a long standing entropy puzzle for this class of black holes. The macroscopic entropy has been computed in the presence of a newly derived higher-derivative supersymmetric invariant of \\cite{{Butter:2013lta}}, connected to the five dimensional supersymmetric Weyl squared Lagrangian. Microscopically, the crucial role in obtaining the equivalence is played by the anomalous gauge gravitational Chern-Simons term.
Subleading contributions to the black hole entropy in the brick wall approach
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The brick wall model is a semiclassical approach to understand the microscopic origin of black hole entropy. In this approach, the black hole geometry is assumed to be a fixed classical background on which matter fields propagate, and the entropy of black holes supposedly arises due to the canonical entropy of matter fields outside the black hole event horizon, evaluated at the Hawking temperature. Apart from certain lower dimensional cases, the density of states of the matter fields around black holes cannot be evaluated exactly. As a result, often, in the brick wall model, the density of states and the resulting canonical entropy of the matter fields are evaluated at the leading order (in terms of (ℎ/2π)) in the WKB approximation. The success of the approach is reflected by the fact that the Bekenstein-Hawking area law - viz. that the entropy of black holes is equal to one-quarter the area of their event horizon, say, AH - has been recovered using this model in a variety of black hole spacetimes. In this work, we compute the canonical entropy of a quantum scalar field around static and spherically symmetric black holes through the brick wall approach at the higher orders (in fact, up to the sixth order in (ℎ/2π)) in the WKB approximation. We explicitly show that the brick wall model generally predicts corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy in all spacetime dimensions. In four dimensions, we find that the corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy are of the form [AHnlogAH], while, in six dimensions, the corrections behave as [AHm+AHnlogAH], where (m,n)<1. We compare our results with the corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy that have been obtained through the other approaches in the literature, and discuss the implications.
Hawking Radiation Energy and Entropy from a Bianchi-Smerlak Semiclassical Black Hole
Abdolrahimi, Shohreh
2015-01-01
Eugenio Bianchi and Matteo Smerlak have found a relationship between the Hawking radiation energy and von Neumann entropy in a conformal field emitted by a semiclassical two-dimensional black hole. We compare this relationship with what might be expected for unitary evolution of a quantum black hole in four and higher dimensions. If one neglects the expected increase in the radiation entropy over the decrease in the black hole Bekenstein-Hawking A/4 entropy that arises from the scattering of the radiation by the barrier near the black hole, the relation works very well, except near the peak of the radiation von Neumann entropy and near the final evaporation. These discrepancies are calculated and discussed as tiny differences between a semiclassical treatment and a quantum gravity treatment.
Fermion Fields in BTZ Black Hole Space-Time and Entanglement Entropy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the entanglement entropy of fermion fields in BTZ black hole space-time and calculate prefactor of the leading and subleading terms and logarithmic divergence term of the entropy using the discretized model. The leading term is the standard Bekenstein-Hawking area law and subleading term corresponds to first quantum corrections in black hole entropy. We also investigate the corrections to entanglement entropy for massive fermion fields in BTZ space-time. The mass term does not affect the area law
Fermion Fields in BTZ Black Hole Space-Time and Entanglement Entropy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dharm Veer Singh
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We study the entanglement entropy of fermion fields in BTZ black hole space-time and calculate prefactor of the leading and subleading terms and logarithmic divergence term of the entropy using the discretized model. The leading term is the standard Bekenstein-Hawking area law and subleading term corresponds to first quantum corrections in black hole entropy. We also investigate the corrections to entanglement entropy for massive fermion fields in BTZ space-time. The mass term does not affect the area law.
Liu, Hang; Meng, Xin-he
2016-08-01
In this paper, we investigate the angular momentum independence of the entropy sum and product for AdS rotating black holes based on the first law of thermodynamics and a mathematical lemma related to Vandermonde determinant. The advantage of this method is that the explicit forms of the spacetime metric, black hole mass and charge are not needed but the Hawking temperature and entropy formula on the horizons are necessary for static black holes, while our calculations require the expressions of metric and angular velocity formula. We find that the entropy sum is always independent of angular momentum for all dimensions and the angular momentum-independence of entropy product only holds for the dimensions d > 4 with at least one rotation parameter ai = 0, while the mass-free of entropy sum and entropy product for rotating black holes only stand for higher dimensions (d > 4) and for all dimensions, respectively. On the other hand, we find that the introduction of a negative cosmological constant does not affect the angular momentum-free of entropy sum and product but the criterion for angular momentum-independence of entropy product will be affected.
Custodio, P. S.; Horvath, J E
2003-01-01
We apply the Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) to the problem of maximum entropy and evaporation/absorption of energy of black holes near the Planck scale. We find within this general approach corrections to the maximum entropy, and indications for quenching of the evaporation because not only the evaporation term goes to a finite limit, but also because absorption of quanta seems to help the balance for black holes in a thermal bath. Then, residual masses around the Planck scale may be...
The entropy of the noncommutative acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle
M.A. Anacleto; Brito, F. A.; E. Passos; Santos, W. P.
2014-01-01
In this paper we investigate statistical entropy of a 3-dimensional rotating acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle. In our results we obtain an area entropy and a correction term associated with the noncommutative acoustic black hole when $\\lambda$ introduced in the generalized uncertainty principle takes a specific value. However, in this method, it is not needed to introduce the ultraviolet cut-off and divergences are eliminated. Moreover, the small mass approximati...
Energy and entropy conservation for dynamical black holes
Hayward, Sean A.
2004-01-01
The Ashtekar-Krishnan energy-balance law for dynamical horizons, expressing the increase in mass-energy of a general black hole in terms of the infalling matter and gravitational radiation, is expressed in terms of trapping horizons, allowing the inclusion of null (isolated) horizons as well as spatial (dynamical) horizons. This first law of black-hole dynamics is given in differential and integral forms, regular in the null limit. An effective gravitational-radiation energy tensor is obtaine...
Entanglement entropy of two-dimensional anti-de Sitter black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Using the AdS/CFT correspondence we derive a formula for the entanglement entropy of the anti-de Sitter black hole in two spacetime dimensions. The leading term in the large black hole mass expansion of our formula reproduces exactly the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy SBH, whereas the subleading term behaves as lnSBH. This subleading term has the universal form typical for the entanglement entropy of physical systems described by effective conformal fields theories (e.g. one-dimensional statistical models at the critical point). The well-known form of the entanglement entropy for a two-dimensional conformal field theory is obtained as analytic continuation of our result and is related with the entanglement entropy of a black hole with negative mass
Thermodynamic Products for Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Black Hole with {\\alpha}-Corrected Entropy Term
Mandal, Abhijit
2016-01-01
In the present work, we consider a charged black hole in five dimensional Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity where the {\\alpha} corrected entropy term is considered. We examine the horizon radii product, entropy product, Hawking temperature product and free energy product for both event horizon and Cauchy horizon. Our motive is to check whether the same quantity for event horizon and Cauchy horizon is free of mass, i.e., global or not. We further study the stability of such black hole by computing the specific heat and free energy for both the horizons. All these calculation might be helpful to understand the microscopic nature of such black holes.
Entropy of quantum field in toroidal black hole without brick wall
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wang Bo-Bo
2008-01-01
In this paper the entropy of a toroidal black hole due to a scalar field is investigated by using the DLM scheme.The entropy is renormalized to the standard Bekenstein-Hawking formula with a one-loop correction arising from the higher curvature terms of the gravitational action. For the scalar field,the renormalized Newton constant and two renormalized coupling constants in the toroidal black hole are the same as those in the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole except for other one.
Quantum entropies of electromagnetic and gravitational fields on Taub-NUT black hole background
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Xiao-ying; XIAO Shi-fa; LI Fang-yu
2005-01-01
The main characteristics and Petrov type of Taub-NUT spacetime are studied, and the quantum entropy of Taub-NUT black hole due to electromagnetic and gravitational fields is calculated via brick-wall model. It is shown that the quantum entropy has both the linearly and the logarithmically divergent terms. For electromagnetic field, these terms depend on the characteristic of the black hole; while for gravitational field, they depend not only on the characteristic of the black hole but also on the spin of the fields.
An Improved Thin Film Brick-Wall Model of Black Hole Entropy
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Wen-Biao; ZHAO Zheng
2001-01-01
We improve the brick-wall model to take only the contribution of a thin film near the event horizon into account. This improvement not only gives us a satisfactory result, but also avoids some drawbacks in the original brick wall method such as the little mass approximation, neglecting logarithm term, and taking the term L3 as the contribution of the vacuum surrounding a black hole. It is found that there is an intrinsic relation between the event horizon and the entropy. The event horizon is the characteristic of a black hole, so the entropy calculating of a black hole is also naturally related to its horizon.
Microscopic Entropy of the Magnetised Extremal Reissner-Nordstrom Black Hole
Astorino, Marco
2015-01-01
The extremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole embedded in a Melvin-like magnetic universe is studied in the framework of the Kerr/CFT correspondence. The near horizon geometry can be written as a warped and twisted product of $AdS_2 \\times S^2$, also in presence of an axial external magnetic field that deforms the black hole. The central charge of the Virasoro algebra can be extracted from the asymptotic symmetries. Using the Cardy formula for the microscopic statistical entropy of the dual two-dimensional CFT, the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, for this charged and magnetised black hole, is reproduced.
Microscopic derivation of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formula for non-extremal black holes
Sfetsos, K
1998-01-01
We derive the Bekenstein--Hawking entropy formula for four and five dimensional non-supersymmetric black holes (which include the Schwarzchild ones) by counting microscopic states. This is achieved by first showing that these black holes are U-dual to the three-dimensional black hole of Banados--Teitelboim--Zanelli and then counting microscopic states of the latter following Carlip's approach. Higher than five dimensional black holes are also considered. We discuss the connection of our approach to the D-brane picture.
Membrane paradigm and entropy of black holes in the Euclidean action approach
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The membrane paradigm approach to black holes fixes in the vicinity of the event horizon a fictitious surface, the stretched horizon, so that the spacetime outside remains unchanged and the spacetime inside is vacuum. Using this powerful method, several black hole properties have been found and settled, such as the horizon's viscosity, electrical conductivity, resistivity, as well as other properties. On the other hand, the Euclidean action approach to black hole spacetimes has been very fruitful in understanding black hole entropy. Combining both the Euclidean action and membrane paradigm approaches, a direct derivation of the black hole entropy is given. In the derivation, it is considered that the only fields present are the gravitational and matter fields, with no electric field.
Membrane paradigm and entropy of black holes in the Euclidean action approach
Lemos, José P S
2011-01-01
The membrane paradigm approach to black holes fixes in the vicinity of the event horizon a fictitious surface, the stretched horizon, so that the spacetime outside remains unchanged and the spacetime inside is vacuum. Using this powerful method, several black hole properties have been found and settled, such as the horizon's viscosity, electrical conductivity, resistivity, as well as other properties. On the other hand the Euclidean action approach to black hole spacetimes has been very fruitful in understanding black hole entropy. Combining both the Euclidean action and membrane paradigm approaches a direct derivation of the black hole entropy is given. In the derivation it is considered that the only fields present are the gravitational and matter fields, with no electric field.
Empty Black Holes, Firewalls, and the Origin of Bekenstein-Hawking Entropy
Saravani, Mehdi; Mann, Robert B
2012-01-01
We propose a novel solution for the endpoint of gravitational collapse, in which spacetime ends (and is orbifolded) at a microscopic distance from black hole event horizons. This model is motivated by the emergence of singular event horizons in the gravitational aether theory, a semi-classical solution to the cosmological constant problem(s), and thus suggests a catastrophic breakdown of general relativity close to black hole event horizons. A similar picture emerges in fuzzball models of black holes in string theory, as well as the recent firewall proposal to resolve the information paradox. We then demonstrate that positing a surface fluid with vanishing energy density (but non-vanishing pressure) at the new boundary of spacetime, which is required by Israel junction conditions, yields a thermodynamic entropy that is identical to the Bekenstein-Hawking area law for charged rotating black holes. To our knowledge, this is the first derivation of black hole entropy which only employs local thermodynamics. Fina...
Bosonic and fermionic entropy of black holes with different temperatures on horizon surface
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ding Tian-Ran; Wu Yue-Qin; Zhang Li-Chun
2004-01-01
By using the method of quantum statistics, we derive directly the partition functions of bosonic and fermionic field in the black hole space-time with different temperatures on horizon surface. The statistical entropy of the black hole is obtained by an improved brick-wall method. When we choose a proper parameter in our results, we can obtain that the entropy of the black hole is proportional to the area of horizon. In our result, there do not exist any neglected term or divergent logarithmic term as given in the original brick-wall method. We have avoided the difficulty in solving the wave equation of the scalar and Dirac field. A simple and direct way of studying entropy of the black hole is given.
An exploration of the black hole entropy via the Weyl tensor
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Li, Nan [Northeastern University, Department of Physics, College of Sciences, Shenyang (China); Li, Xiao-Long [Beijing Normal University, Department of Astronomy, Beijing (China); Song, Shu-Peng [Beijing Normal University, Department of Physics, Beijing (China)
2016-03-15
The role of the Weyl tensor C{sub μνλρ} in black hole thermodynamics is explored by looking at the relation between the scalar invariant C{sub μνλρ}C{sup μνλρ} and the entropy of n-dimensional static black holes. It is found that this invariant can be identified as the entropy density of the gravitational fields for classical 5-dimensional black holes. We calculate the proper volume integrals of C{sub μνλρ}C{sup μνλρ} for the Schwarzschild and Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter black holes and show that these integrals correctly lead to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formulas, only up to some coefficients. (orig.)
An exploration of the black hole entropy via the Weyl tensor
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The role of the Weyl tensor Cμνλρ in black hole thermodynamics is explored by looking at the relation between the scalar invariant CμνλρCμνλρ and the entropy of n-dimensional static black holes. It is found that this invariant can be identified as the entropy density of the gravitational fields for classical 5-dimensional black holes. We calculate the proper volume integrals of CμνλρCμνλρ for the Schwarzschild and Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter black holes and show that these integrals correctly lead to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formulas, only up to some coefficients. (orig.)
Black Hole Entropy with and without Log Correction in Loop Quantum Gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Earlier calculations of black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity have given a term proportional to the area with a correction involving the logarithm of the area when the area eigenvalue is close to the classical area. However the calculations yield an entropy proportional to the area eigenvalue with no such correction when the area eigenvalue is large compared to the classical area
Entanglement Entropy of Reissner—Nordström Black Hole and Quantum Isolated Horizon
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Based on the work of Ghosh and Pereze, who view the black hole entropy as the logarithm of the number of quantum states on the Quantum Isolated Horizon (QIH)§ the entropy of Reissner—Nordström black hole is studied. According to the Unruh temperature, the statistical entropy of quantum fields under the background of Reissner—Nordström spacetime is calculated by means of quantum statistics. In the calculations we take the integral from the position of QIH to infinity, so the obtained entropy is the entanglement entropy outside the QIH. In Reissner—Nordström spacetime it is shown that if only the position of QIH is properly chosen the leading term of logarithm of the number of quantum states on the QIH is equal to the leading term of the entanglement entropy outside the black hole horizon, and both are the Bekenstein—Hawking entropy. The results reveal the relation between the entanglement entropy of black hole and the logarithm of the number of quantum states. (general)
Liu, Hang
2016-01-01
In this paper, we investigate the angular momentum independence of the entropy sum and product for AdS rotating black holes based on the first law of thermodynamics and a mathematical lemma related to Vandermonde determinant. The advantage of this method is that the explicit forms of the spacetime metric, black hole mass and charge are not needed but the Hawking temperature and entropy formula on the horizons are necessary for static black holes, while our calculations require the expressions of metric and angular velocity formula. We find that the entropy sum is always independent of angular momentum for all dimensions and the angular momentum-independence of entropy product only holds for the dimensions $d>4$ with at least one rotation parameter $a_i=0$, while the mass-free of entropy sum and entropy product for rotating black holes only stand for higher dimensions ($d>4$) and for all dimensions, respectively. On the other hand, we find that the introduction of a negative cosmological constant does not affe...
What is the rate at which entropy of a string falling toward a black hole increases?
Ropotenko, K
2008-01-01
According to Susskind, a string falling toward a black hole spreads exponentially over the stretched horizon due to repulsive interactions of the string bits. In this paper such a string is modeled as a self-avoiding walk and the rate at which information/entropy contained in the string spreads is found. It turns out that this is the maximum rate allowed by quantum theory. It is determined rather by the Hawking temperature, than by the Hagedorn temperature. The rate at which the entropy of the string can increase when it becomes equal to the black hole entropy is discussed.
Entropy Spectrum of Black Holes of Heterotic String Theory via Adiabatic Invariance
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Alexis Larra？ aga; Luis Cabarique; Manuel Londo？ o
2012-01-01
Using adiabatic invariance and the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization rule we investigate the entropy spectroscopy of two black holes of heterotic string theory,the charged GMGHS and the rotating Sen solutions.It is shown that the entropy spectrum is equally spaced in both cases,identically to the spectrum obtained before for Schwarzschild,Reissner-Nordstr?m and Kerr black holes.Since the adiabatic invariance method does not use quasinormal mode analysis,there is no need to impose the small charge or small angular momentum limits and there is no confusion on whether the real part or the imaginary part of the modes is responsible for the entropy spectrum.
Using clocks to determine the entropy of black holes and other space-time singularities
Ojo, A
2005-01-01
Space-time singularities, viz. Big bang, Big crunch and black holes have been shown to follow from the singularity theorems of General relativity. Whether the entropy at such infinite proper-time objects can be other than zero has also been a longstanding subject of research. Currently the property most commonly chosen to calculate their entropy is a multiple of the surface area of the event horizon and usually gives non-zero entropy values. Though popular, this choice still leaves some substantial questions unanswered hence the motivation for alternative methods for entropy derivation. Here, we use a different property, the proper-time at singularities based on the General relativity predicted behavior of clocks, to derive their entropy. We find, firstly within statistical and thermodynamic principles, secondly when this property is taken into account in the Bekenstein-Hawking formula and thirdly illustrating with a natural analogue, that the entropy of black holes and all other gravitational singularities c...
Yan, Hao-Peng; Liu, Wen-Biao
2016-08-01
Using Parikh-Wilczek tunneling framework, we calculate the tunneling rate from a Schwarzschild black hole under the third order WKB approximation, and then obtain the expressions for emission spectrum and black hole entropy to the third order correction. The entropy contains four terms including the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, the logarithmic term, the inverse area term, and the square of inverse area term. In addition, we analyse the correlation between sequential emissions under this approximation. It is shown that the entropy is conserved during the process of black hole evaporation, which consists with the request of quantum mechanics and implies the information is conserved during this process. We also compare the above result with that of pure thermal spectrum case, and find that the non-thermal correction played an important role.
Generalized uncertainty principle and entropy of three-dimensional rotating acoustic black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Using the new equation of state density from the generalized uncertainty principle, we investigate statistics entropy of a 3-dimensional rotating acoustic black hole. When λ introduced in the generalized uncertainty principle takes a specific value, we obtain an area entropy and a correction term associated with the acoustic black hole. In this method, there does not exist any divergence and one needs not the small mass approximation in the original brick-wall model. -- Highlights: ► Statistics entropy of a 3-dimensional rotating acoustic black hole is studied. ► We obtain an area entropy and a correction term associated with it. ► We make λ introduced in the generalized uncertainty principle take a specific value. ► There does not exist any divergence in this method.
Entanglement Entropy of Black Holes and Anti-de Sitter Space/Conformal-Field-Theory Correspondence
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A recent proposal by Ryu and Takayanagi for a holographic interpretation of entanglement entropy in conformal field theories dual to supergravity on anti-de Sitter space is generalized to include entanglement entropy of black holes living on the boundary of anti-de Sitter space. The generalized proposal is verified in boundary dimensions d=2 and d=4 for both the uv-divergent and uv-finite terms. In dimension d=4 an expansion of entanglement entropy in terms of size L of the subsystem outside the black hole is considered. A new term in the entropy of dual strongly coupled conformal-field theory, which universally grows as L2lnL and is proportional to the value of the obstruction tensor at the black hole horizon, is predicted
Entanglement entropy of black holes and anti-de Sitter space/conformal-field-theory correspondence.
Solodukhin, Sergey N
2006-11-17
A recent proposal by Ryu and Takayanagi for a holographic interpretation of entanglement entropy in conformal field theories dual to supergravity on anti-de Sitter space is generalized to include entanglement entropy of black holes living on the boundary of anti-de Sitter space. The generalized proposal is verified in boundary dimensions d=2 and d=4 for both the uv-divergent and uv-finite terms. In dimension d=4 an expansion of entanglement entropy in terms of size L of the subsystem outside the black hole is considered. A new term in the entropy of dual strongly coupled conformal-field theory, which universally grows as L(2)lnL and is proportional to the value of the obstruction tensor at the black hole horizon, is predicted. PMID:17155672
The entropy of an acoustic black hole in neo-Newtonian theory
Anacleto, M A; Brito, F A; Passos, E
2016-01-01
In this paper we consider the metric of a 2+1-dimensional rotating acoustic black hole in the neo-Newtonian theory and applying the quantum statistical method, we calculate the statistical entropy using a corrected state density due to the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). In our calculations we have shown that the obtained entropy is finite and correction terms are generated. Moreover, the computation of the entropy for this method does not present logarithmic corrections.
Intrinsic Topological Structure of Entropy of Kerr Black Holes%Kerr黑洞熵的内禀拓扑结构
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
颜继江; 杨国宏; 田立君
2005-01-01
In the light of φ-mapping method and the relationship between entropy and the Euler characteristic, the intrinsic topological structure of entropy of Kerr black holes is studied. From the Gauss-Bonnet-Chern theorem, it is shown that the entropy of Kerr black hole is determined by singularities of the Killing vector field of spacetime. These singularities naturally carry topological numbers, Hopf indices and Brouwer degrees, which can also be viewed as topological quantization of entropy of Kerr black holes. Specific results S =A/4 for non-extreme Kerr black holes and S = 0 for extreme ones are calculated independently by using the above-mentioned methods.
Fate of three-dimensional black holes coupled to a scalar field and the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Three-dimensional black holes coupled to a self-interacting scalar field is considered. It is known that its statistical entropy a la Strominger does not agree with the Bekenstein-Hawking (BH) entropy. However, I show that, by a careful treatment of the vacuum state in the canonical ensemble with a fixed temperature, which is the same as that of the BTZ black hole without the scalar field, the BH entropy may be exactly produced by the Cardy's formula. I discuss its several implications, including the fate of black holes, no-scalar-hair theorems, stability, mirror black holes, and higher-order corrections to the entropy
Area(or Entropy) Product Formula for a Regular Black Hole
Pradhan, Parthapratim
2015-01-01
We compute the area(or entropy) product formula for a regular black hole derived by Ay\\'on-Beato and Garc\\'ia in 1998\\cite{abg}. By explicit and exact calculation, it is shown that the entropy product formula of two physical horizons strictly \\emph{depends} upon the ADM mass parameter that means it is \\emph{not} an universal(mass-independent) quantity. But a slightly more complicated function of event horizon area and Cauchy horizon area is indeed a \\emph{mass-independent} quantity. We also compute other thermodynamic properties of the said black hole. We further study the stability of such black hole by computing the specific heat for both the horizons. It has been observed that under certain condition the black hole possesses second order phase transition. The pictorial diagram of the phase transition is given.
Noncommutative scalar quasinormal modes and quantization of entropy of a BTZ black hole
Gupta, Kumar S; Jurić, Tajron; Meljanac, Stjepan; Samsarov, Anđelo
2015-01-01
We obtain an exact analytic expression for the quasinormal modes of a noncommutative massless scalar field in the background of a massive spinless BTZ black hole up to the first order in the deformation parameter. We also show that the equations of motion governing these quasinormal modes are identical in form to the equations of motion of a commutative massive scalar field in the background of a fictitious massive spinning BTZ black hole. This results hints at a duality between the commutative and noncommutative systems in the background of a BTZ black hole. Using the obtained results for quasinormal mode frequencies, the area and entropy spectra for the BTZ black hole in the presence of noncommutativity are calculated. In particular, the separations between the neighboring values of these spectra are determined and it is found that they are nonuniform. Therefore, it appears that noncommutativity introduces a non-equispaced in the (discrete) area and entropy spectra.
Quantum states and the statistical entropy of the charged black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We quantize the Reissner-Nordstro''m black hole using an adaptation of Kuchar's canonical decomposition of the Kruskal extension of the Schwarzschild black hole. The Wheeler-DeWitt equation turns into a functional Schro''dinger equation in Gaussian time by coupling the gravitational field to a reference fluid or dust. The physical phase space of the theory is spanned by the mass M, the charge Q, the physical radius R, the dust proper time τ, and their canonical momenta. The exact solutions of the functional Schro''dinger equation imply that the difference in the areas of the outer and inner horizons is quantized in integer units. This agrees in spirit, but not precisely, with Bekenstein's proposal on the discrete horizon area spectrum of black holes. We also compute the entropy in the microcanonical ensemble and show that the entropy of the Reissner-Nordstro''m black hole is proportional to this quantized difference in horizon areas
Entropy emission properties of near-extremal Reissner-Nordström black holes
Hod, Shahar
2016-05-01
Bekenstein and Mayo have revealed an interesting property of evaporating (3 +1 )-dimensional Schwarzschild black holes: their entropy emission rates S˙Sch are related to their energy emission rates P by the simple relation S˙Sch=CSch×(P /ℏ)1/2, where CSch is a numerically computed dimensionless coefficient. Remembering that (1 +1 )-dimensional perfect black-body emitters are characterized by the same functional relation, S˙1 +1=C1 +1×(P /ℏ)1/2 [with C1 +1=(π /3 )1/2], Bekenstein and Mayo have concluded that, in their entropy emission properties, (3 +1 )-dimensional Schwarzschild black holes behave effectively as (1 +1 )-dimensional entropy emitters. Later studies have shown that this intriguing property is actually a generic feature of all radiating (D +1 )-dimensional Schwarzschild black holes. One naturally wonders whether all black holes behave as simple (1 +1 )-dimensional entropy emitters? In order to address this interesting question, we shall study in this paper the entropy emission properties of Reissner-Nordström black holes. We shall show, in particular, that the physical properties which characterize the neutral sector of the Hawking emission spectra of these black holes can be studied analytically in the near-extremal TBH→0 regime (here TBH is the Bekenstein-Hawking temperature of the black hole). We find that the Hawking radiation spectra of massless neutral scalar fields and coupled electromagnetic-gravitational fields are characterized by the nontrivial entropy-energy relations S˙RNScalar=-CRNScalar×(A P3/ℏ3)1/4ln (A P /ℏ) and S˙RN Elec -Grav=-CRNElec -Grav×(A4P9/ℏ9)1 /10ln (A P /ℏ) in the near-extremal TBH→0 limit (here {CRNScalar,CRNElec -Grav} are analytically calculated dimensionless coefficients and A is the surface area of the Reissner-Nordström black hole). Our analytical results therefore indicate that not all black holes behave as simple (1 +1 )-dimensional entropy emitters.
An Exploration of the Black Hole Entropy via the Weyl Tensor
Li, Nan; Song, Shu-Peng
2015-01-01
The Weyl tensor is the trace-free part of the Riemann tensor. Therefore, it is independent of the energy-momentum tensor and is thus not linked to the dynamics of gravitational fields. In this paper, we explore its possible thermodynamical property (i.e. its relationship with the black hole entropy). For a Schwarzschild black hole, the Weyl scalar invariant, $C_{\\mu\
Semiclassical corrections to black hole entropy and the generalized uncertainty principle
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pedro Bargueño
2015-03-01
Full Text Available In this paper, employing the path integral method in the framework of a canonical description of a Schwarzschild black hole, we obtain the corrected inverse temperature and entropy of the black hole. The corrections are those coming from the quantum effects as well as from the Generalized Uncertainty Principle effects. Furthermore, an equivalence between the polymer quantization and the Generalized Uncertainty Principle description is shown provided the parameters characterizing these two descriptions are proportional.
The entropy emission properties of near-extremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black holes
Hod, Shahar
2016-01-01
Bekenstein and Mayo have revealed an interesting property of evaporating $(3+1)$-dimensional Schwarzschild black holes: their entropy emission rates $\\dot S_{\\text{Sch}}$ are related to their energy emission rates $P$ by the simple relation $\\dot S_{\\text{Sch}}=C_{\\text{Sch}}\\times (P/\\hbar)^{1/2}$. Remembering that $(1+1)$-dimensional perfect black-body emitters are characterized by the same functional relation, $\\dot S^{1+1}=C^{1+1}\\times(P/\\hbar)^{1/2}$, Bekenstein and Mayo have concluded that, in their entropy emission properties, $(3+1)$-dimensional Schwarzschild black holes behave effectively as $(1+1)$-dimensional entropy emitters. One naturally wonders whether all black holes behave as simple $(1+1)$-dimensional entropy emitters? In order to address this interesting question, we shall study in this paper the entropy emission properties of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black holes. We shall show, in particular, that the physical properties which characterize the neutral sector of the Hawking emission spectra of...
U(N)-monopoles on Kerr black hole and its entropy
Goncharov, Yu P
1998-01-01
We describe U(N)-monopoles (N > 1) on Kerr black holes by the parameters of the moduli space of holomorphic vector U(N)-bundles over two-sphere with the help of the Grothendieck splitting theorem. For N = 2,3 we obtain this description in an explicit form as well as the estimates for the corresponding monopole masses. This gives a possibility to adduce some reasonings in favour of existence of both a fine structure for Kerr black holes and the statistical ensemble tied with it which might generate the Kerr black hole entropy.
The universal property of the entropy sum of black holes in all dimensions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yi-Qiang Du
2014-12-01
Full Text Available It is proposed by Cvetic et al. [1] that the product of all horizon areas for general rotating multi-change black holes has universal expressions independent of the mass. When we consider the product of all horizon entropies, however, the mass will be present in some cases, while another new universal property [2] is preserved, which is more general and says that the sum of all horizon entropies depends only on the coupling constants of the theory and the topology of the black hole. The property has been studied in limited dimensions and the generalization in arbitrary dimensions is not straight-forward. In this Letter, we prove a useful formula, which makes it possible to investigate this conjectured universality in arbitrary dimensions for the maximally symmetric black holes in general Lovelock gravity and f(R gravity. We also propose an approach to compute the entropy sum of general Kerr–(anti-de-Sitter black holes in arbitrary dimensions. In all these cases, we prove that the entropy sum depends only on the coupling constants and the topology of the black hole.
The universal property of the entropy sum of black holes in all dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is proposed by Cvetic et al. [1] that the product of all horizon areas for general rotating multi-change black holes has universal expressions independent of the mass. When we consider the product of all horizon entropies, however, the mass will be present in some cases, while another new universal property [2] is preserved, which is more general and says that the sum of all horizon entropies depends only on the coupling constants of the theory and the topology of the black hole. The property has been studied in limited dimensions and the generalization in arbitrary dimensions is not straight-forward. In this Letter, we prove a useful formula, which makes it possible to investigate this conjectured universality in arbitrary dimensions for the maximally symmetric black holes in general Lovelock gravity and f(R) gravity. We also propose an approach to compute the entropy sum of general Kerr–(anti-)de-Sitter black holes in arbitrary dimensions. In all these cases, we prove that the entropy sum depends only on the coupling constants and the topology of the black hole
Statistical mechanical origin of the entropy of a rotating, charged black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is shown that the entropy of a rotating, charged black hole is, in senses made precise in the paper, (i) the logarithm of the number of quantum mechanically distinct ways that the hole could have been made, and (ii) the logarithm of the number of configurations that the hole's ''atmosphere,'' as measured by stationary observers, could assume in the presence of its background noise of acceleration radiation. In addition, a proof is given of the generalized second law of thermodynamics
The entropy of the noncommutative acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anacleto, M.A., E-mail: anacleto@df.ufcg.edu.br; Brito, F.A., E-mail: fabrito@df.ufcg.edu.br; Passos, E., E-mail: passos@df.ufcg.edu.br; Santos, W.P.
2014-10-07
In this paper we investigate statistical entropy of a 3-dimensional rotating acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle. In our results we obtain an area entropy and a correction term associated with the noncommutative acoustic black hole when λ introduced in the generalized uncertainty principle takes a specific value. However, in this method, it is not needed to introduce the ultraviolet cut-off and divergences are eliminated. Moreover, the small mass approximation is not necessary in the original brick-wall model.
The entropy of the noncommutative acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper we investigate statistical entropy of a 3-dimensional rotating acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle. In our results we obtain an area entropy and a correction term associated with the noncommutative acoustic black hole when λ introduced in the generalized uncertainty principle takes a specific value. However, in this method, it is not needed to introduce the ultraviolet cut-off and divergences are eliminated. Moreover, the small mass approximation is not necessary in the original brick-wall model
The entropy of the noncommutative acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M.A. Anacleto
2014-10-01
Full Text Available In this paper we investigate statistical entropy of a 3-dimensional rotating acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle. In our results we obtain an area entropy and a correction term associated with the noncommutative acoustic black hole when λ introduced in the generalized uncertainty principle takes a specific value. However, in this method, it is not needed to introduce the ultraviolet cut-off and divergences are eliminated. Moreover, the small mass approximation is not necessary in the original brick-wall model.
The entropy of the noncommutative acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle
Anacleto, M. A.; Brito, F. A.; Passos, E.; Santos, W. P.
2014-10-01
In this paper we investigate statistical entropy of a 3-dimensional rotating acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle. In our results we obtain an area entropy and a correction term associated with the noncommutative acoustic black hole when λ introduced in the generalized uncertainty principle takes a specific value. However, in this method, it is not needed to introduce the ultraviolet cut-off and divergences are eliminated. Moreover, the small mass approximation is not necessary in the original brick-wall model.
The entropy of the noncommutative acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle
Anacleto, M A; Passos, E; Santos, W P
2014-01-01
In this paper we investigate statistics entropy of a 3-dimensional rotating acoustic black hole based on generalized uncertainty principle. In our results we obtain an area entropy and a correction term associated with the noncommutative acoustic black hole when $ \\lambda $ introduced in the generalized uncertainty principle takes a specific value. However, in this method, is not need to introduce the ultraviolet cut-off and divergences are eliminated. Moreover, the small mass approximation is not necessary in the original brick-wall model.
Quantum Corrections to Entropy of Charged Dilatonic Black Holes in Arbitrary Dimensions
Shiraishi, Kiyoshi
2013-01-01
The quantum contribution of a scalar field to entropy of a dilatonic black hole is calculated in the brick wall model by the WKB method and analyzed by a high-temperature expansion. If the cutoff distance from the horizon approaches zero, the leading divergent piece of entropy turns out to be proportional to the "area" of the horizon surface (which has (N-1)-dimensional extension in (N+1)-dimensional space-time) and independent of other properties of black holes even in the case of general dilaton coupling. There is also qualitative argument with the known result of subleading divergence for N=3.
Thermodynamic Products for Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Black Hole with {\\alpha}-Corrected Entropy Term
Mandal, Abhijit; Biswas, Ritabrata(Indian Institute of Engineering Sceince and Technology Shibpur (Formerly, Bengal Engineering and Science University Shibpur), 711 013, Howrah, West Bengal, India)
2015-01-01
In the present work, we consider a charged black hole in five dimensional Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity where the {\\alpha} corrected entropy term is considered. We examine the horizon radii product, entropy product, Hawking temperature product and free energy product for both event horizon and Cauchy horizon. Our motive is to check whether the same quantity for event horizon and Cauchy horizon is free of mass, i.e., global or not. We further study the stability of such black hole by computing...
Two aspects of black hole entropy in Lanczos-Lovelock models of gravity
Kolekar, Sanved; Kothawala, Dawood; Padmanabhan, T.
2012-03-01
We consider two specific approaches to evaluate the black hole entropy which are known to produce correct results in the case of Einstein’s theory and generalize them to Lanczos-Lovelock models. In the first approach (which could be called extrinsic), we use a procedure motivated by earlier work by Pretorius, Vollick, and Israel, and by Oppenheim, and evaluate the entropy of a configuration of densely packed gravitating shells on the verge of forming a black hole in Lanczos-Lovelock theories of gravity. We find that this matter entropy is not equal to (it is less than) Wald entropy, except in the case of Einstein theory, where they are equal. The matter entropy is proportional to the Wald entropy if we consider a specific mth-order Lanczos-Lovelock model, with the proportionality constant depending on the spacetime dimensions D and the order m of the Lanczos-Lovelock theory as (D-2m)/(D-2). Since the proportionality constant depends on m, the proportionality between matter entropy and Wald entropy breaks down when we consider a sum of Lanczos-Lovelock actions involving different m. In the second approach (which could be called intrinsic), we generalize a procedure, previously introduced by Padmanabhan in the context of general relativity, to study off-shell entropy of a class of metrics with horizon using a path integral method. We consider the Euclidean action of Lanczos-Lovelock models for a class of metrics off shell and interpret it as a partition function. We show that in the case of spherically symmetric metrics, one can interpret the Euclidean action as the free energy and read off both the entropy and energy of a black hole spacetime. Surprisingly enough, this leads to exactly the Wald entropy and the energy of the spacetime in Lanczos-Lovelock models obtained by other methods. We comment on possible implications of the result.
Entropy of extremal black holes: Horizon limits through charged thin shells in a unified approach
Lemos, José P. S.; Quinta, Gonçalo M.; Zaslavskii, Oleg B.
2016-04-01
Using a unified approach, we study the entropy of extremal black holes through the entropy of an electrically charged thin shell. We encounter three cases in which a shell can be taken to its own gravitational or horizon radius and become an extremal spacetime. In case 1, we use a nonextremal shell, calculate all the thermodynamic quantities including the entropy, take it to the horizon radius, and then take the extremal limit. In case 2, we take the extremal limit and the horizon radius limit simultaneously; i.e., as the shell approaches its horizon radius, it also approaches extremality. In case 3, we take first an extremal shell, and then take its horizon radius. We find that the thermodynamic quantities, in general, have different expressions in the three different cases. The entropy is the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy S =A+/4 (where A+ is the horizon area) in cases 1 and 2, and in case 3 it can be any well-behaved function of A+. The contributions from the various thermodynamic quantities for the entropy in all three cases are distinct. Indeed, in cases 1 and 2, the limits agree in what concerns the entropy but they disagree in the behavior of all other thermodynamic quantities. Cases 2 and 3 disagree in what concerns the entropy but agree in the behavior of the local temperature and electric potential. Case 2 is, in a sense, intermediate between cases 1 and 3. Our approach sheds light on the extremal black hole entropy issue.
Kong, Brian; Yoon, Youngsub
2016-03-01
By pointing out an error in the previous derivation of the area spectrum based on Ashtekar's variables, we suggest a new area spectrum; instead of the norm of Ashtekar's gravitational electric field, we show that the norm of our "new" gravitational electric field based on our "newer" variables, which we construct in this paper for this purpose, gives the correct area spectrum. In particular, our "newer" variables are mathematically consistent; the constraint algebra is closed. Moreover, by using our new area spectrum, we "almost correctly" predict the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy without having to adjust the Immirzi parameter; we show that a numerical formula actually yielded 0.997 · · ·, which is very close to 1, the expected value with the black hole entropy given as A/4. We conjecture that the difference, 0.003, is due to the extra dimensions that may modify the area spectrum. Then, we derive a formula for the degeneracy for a single-partition black hole, i.e., a black hole made of a single unit area, and explicitly show that our area spectrum correctly reproduces the degeneracy. Furthermore, by using two totally different methods, we obtain the proportionality constant " C" related to the degeneracy. The first method based on fitting yields 172 ~ 173 while the second method yields 172.87· · ·, which strongly suggest that our area spectrum is on the right track. We also show that the area spectra based on Ashtekar variables neither reproduce the degeneracy of single-partition black hole nor yield agreement for C obtained by using the two methods.
Black hole entropy and SU(2) Chern-Simons theory
Engle, Jonathan; Noui, Karim; Perez, Alejandro
2009-01-01
Black holes in equilibrium can be defined locally in terms of the so-called isolated horizon boundary condition given on a null surface representing the event horizon. We show that this boundary condition can be treated in a manifestly SU(2) invariant manner. Upon quantization, state counting is expressed in terms of the dimension of Chern-Simons Hilbert spaces on a sphere with marked points. Moreover, the counting can be mapped to counting the number of SU(2) intertwiners compatible with the...
Combinatorics of the SU(2) black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We use the combinatorial and number-theoretical methods developed in previous works by the authors to study black hole entropy in the new proposal put forth by Engle, Noui, and Perez. Specifically, we give the generating functions relevant for the computation of the entropy and use them to derive its asymptotic behavior, including the value of the Immirzi parameter and the coefficient of the logarithmic correction.
Logarithmic Corrections to the Black Hole Entropy Product of ${\\cal H}^{\\pm}$ via Cardy Formula
Pradhan, Parthapratim
2016-01-01
We compute the logarithmic corrections to the black hole (BH) entropy product of ${\\cal H}^{\\pm}$ \\footnote{ ${\\cal H}^{+}$ and ${\\cal H}^{-}$ denote outer (event) horizon and inner (Cauchy) horizons} by using \\emph{Cardy prescription}. We particularly apply this formula for BTZ BH. We show that logarithmic corrections to the entropy product of ${\\cal H}^{\\pm}$ when computed \\emph{via Cardy formula} it does not mass-independent (universal) nor does it quantized.
Dualities in D=5, N=2 supergravity, black hole entropy, and AdS central charges
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The issue of microstate counting for general black holes in D=5, N=2 supergravity coupled to vector multiplets is discussed from various viewpoints. The statistical entropy is computed for the near-extremal case by using the central charge appearing in the asymptotic symmetry algebra of AdS2. Furthermore, we show that the considered supergravity theory enjoys a duality invariance which connects electrically charged black holes and magnetically charged black strings. The near-horizon geometry of the latter turns out to be AdS3 x S2, which allows a microscopic calculation of their entropy using the Brown-Hennaux central charges in Cardy's formula. In both approaches we find perfect agreement between statistical and thermodynamical entropy. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Recently, the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole in the presence of the gravitational Chern-Simons term has been studied, and it is found that the usual thermodynamic quantities, like the black hole mass, angular momentum, and entropy, are modified. But, for large values of the gravitational Chern-Simons coupling where the modification terms dominate the original terms some exotic behaviors occur, like the roles of the mass and angular momentum are interchanged and the entropy depends more on the inner horizon area than the outer one. A basic physical problem of this system is that the form of entropy does not guarantee the second law of thermodynamics, in contrast to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. Moreover, this entropy does not agree with the statistical entropy, in contrast to a good agreement for small values of the gravitational Chern-Simons coupling. Here I find that there is another entropy formula where the usual Bekenstein-Hawking form dominates the inner-horizon term again, as in the small gravitational Chern-Simons coupling case, such that the second law of thermodynamics can be guaranteed. I also find that the new entropy formula agrees with the statistical entropy based on the holographic anomalies for the whole range of the gravitational Chern-Simons coupling. This reproduces, in the limit of a vanishing Einstein-Hilbert term, the recent result about the exotic BTZ black holes, where their masses and angular momenta are completely interchanged and the entropies depend only on the area of the inner horizon. I compare the result of the holographic approach with the classical-symmetry-algebra-based approach, and I find exact agreements even with the higher-derivative corrections of the gravitational Chern-Simons term. This provides a nontrivial check of the AdS/CFT correspondence, in the presence of higher-derivative terms in the gravity action
An equal area law for holographic entanglement entropy of the AdS-RN black hole
Nguyen, Phuc H.
2015-12-01
The Anti-de Sitter-Reissner-Nordström (AdS-RN) black hole in the canonical ensemble undergoes a phase transition similar to the liquid-gas phase transition, i.e. the isocharges on the entropy-temperature plane develop an unstable branch when the charge is smaller than a critical value. It was later discovered that the isocharges on the entanglement entropy -temperature plane also exhibit the same van der Waals-like structure, for spherical entangling regions. In this paper, we present numerical results which sharpen this similarity between entanglement entropy and black hole entropy, by showing that both of these entropies obey Maxwell's equal area law to an accuracy of around 1%. Moreover, we checked this for a wide range of size of the spherical entangling region, and the equal area law holds independently of the size. We also checked the equal area law for AdS-RN in 4 and 5 dimensions, so the conclusion is not specific to a particular dimension. Finally, we repeated the same procedure for a similar, van der Waals-like transition of the dyonic black hole in AdS in a mixed ensemble (fixed electric potential and fixed magnetic charge), and showed that the equal area law is not valid in this case. Thus the equal area law for entanglement entropy seems to be specific to the AdS-RN background.
Two Aspects of Black hole entropy in Lanczos-Lovelock models of gravity
Kolekar, Sanved; Padmanabhan, T
2011-01-01
We consider two specific approaches to evaluate the black hole entropy which are known to produce correct results in the case of Einstein's theory and generalize them to Lanczos-Lovelock models. In the first approach (which could be called extrinsic) we use a procedure motivated by earlier work by Pretorius, Vollick and Israel, and by Oppenheim, and evaluate the entropy of a configuration of densely packed gravitating shells on the verge of forming a black hole in Lanczos-Lovelock theories of gravity. We find that this matter entropy is not equal to (it is less than) Wald entropy, except in the case of Einstein theory, where they are equal. The matter entropy is proportional to the Wald entropy if we consider a specific m-th order Lanczos-Lovelock model, with the proportionality constant depending on the spacetime dimensions D and the order m of the Lanczos-Lovelock theory as (D-2m)/(D-2). Since the proportionality constant depends on m, the proportionality between matter entropy and Wald entropy breaks down ...
Self-similarity, conservation of entropy/bits and the black hole information puzzle
Singleton, Douglas; Zhu, Tao
2013-01-01
John Wheeler coined the phrase ``it from bit" or ``bit from it" in the 1980s. However, much of the interest in the connection between information, i.e. ``bits", and physical objects, i.e. ``its", stems from the discovery that black holes have characteristics of thermodynamic systems having entropies and temperatures. This insight led to the information loss problem -- what happens to the ``bits" when the black hole has evaporated away due to the energy loss from Hawking radiation? In this essay we speculate on a conservative answer to this question using the assumption of self-similarity of quantum correction to the gravitational action and the requirement that the quantum corrected entropy be well behaved in the limit when the black hole mass goes to zero.
An improved thin film brick-wall model of black hole entropy
Liu Wen Biao
2001-01-01
The authors improve the brick-wall model to take only the contribution of a thin film near the event horizon into account. This improvement not only gives them a satisfactory result, but also avoids some drawbacks in the original brick-wall method such as the little mass approximation, neglecting logarithm term, and taking the term L/sup 3/ as the contribution of the vacuum surrounding a black hole. It is found that there is an intrinsic relation between the event horizon and the entropy. The event horizon is the characteristic of a black hole, so the entropy calculating of a black hole is also naturally related to its horizon. (12 refs).
Total Quantum Statistical Entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom Black Holes: in Dirac Field Case
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XU Dian-Yan
2005-01-01
The total quantum statistical entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in Dirac field case is evaluated in this article. The space-time of the black holes is divided into three regions: region 1 (r ＞ ro), region 2 (ro ＞ r ＞ ri),and region 3 (ri ＞ r ＞ 0), where ro is the radius of the outer event horizon, and ri is the radius of the inner event horizon. The total quantum statistical entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes is S = S1 + S2 + S3, where Si(i ＝ 1, 2, 3) is the entropy, contributed by regions 1, 2, 3. The detailed calculation shows that S2 is neglectfully sma//.S1 = wt(π2/45)kb(Ao/ε2β3), S3 = -wt(π2/45)kb(Ai/ε2β3), where Ao and Ai are, respectively, the areas of the outer and inner event horizons, wt ＝ 2s[1 - 2-(s+1)], s ＝ d/2, d is the space-time dimension, here d ＝ 4, s ＝ 2. As ri approaches ro in the extreme case the total quantum statistical entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes approaches zero.
Total Quantum Statistical Entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom Black Holes: Scalar Field Case
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XU Dian-Yan
2001-01-01
The total quantum statistical entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom (RN) black holes is evaluated. The spacetime of the black holes is divided into three regions-region 1, (r ＞ ro); region 2, (ro ＞ r ＞ ri);andregion 3, (ri ＞ r ＞ 0)-where ro is the radius of the outer event horizon, and ri is the radius of the inner event horizon. The total quantum statistical entropy of RN black holes is S = S1 + S2 + Ss, where Si (i = 1, 2, 3) is the entropy, contributed by region Si (i = 1, 2, 3). The detailed calculation shows that S2 ≈ 0. S1 = (π2/45)[kbAo/∈2β3], S3 = -(r2/45)[kbAi/∈2βs], where Ao and Ai are, respectively, the area of the outer and inner event horizons. Thus, as ri approaches ro, in the extreme case the total quantum statistical entropy of RN black holes approaches zero.
Quantum-Corrected Two-Dimensional Horava-Lifshitz Black Hole Entropy
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M. A. Anacleto
2016-01-01
Full Text Available We focus on the Hamilton-Jacobi method to determine several thermodynamic quantities such as temperature, entropy, and specific heat of two-dimensional Horava-Lifshitz black holes by using the generalized uncertainty principles (GUP. We also address the product of horizons, mainly concerning the event, Cauchy, and cosmological and virtual horizons.
Total Quantum Statistical Entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom Black Holes: in Dirac Field Case
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The total quantum statistical entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in Dirac field case is evaluated in this article. The space-time of the black holes is divided into three regions: region 1 (r>ro), region 2 (ro>r>ri), and region 3 (ri>r>0), where ro is the radius of the outer event horizon, and ri is the radius of the inner event horizon. The total quantum statistical entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes is S = S1+S2+S3, where Si (i = 1,2,3) is the entropy, contributed by regions 1,2,3. The detailed calculation shows that S2 is neglectfully small. S1 = wt(π2/45)kb(Ao/ε2β3), S3 = -wt(π2/45)kb(Ai/ε2β3), where Ao and Ai are, respectively, the areas of the outer and inner event horizons, wt = 2s[1-2-(s+1)], s = d/2, d is the space-time dimension, here d = 4, s = 2. As ri approaches ro in the extreme case the total quantum statistical entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes approaches zero.
Entropy of near-extremal black holes in AdS_5
V. Balasubramanian; J. de Boer; V. Jejjala; J. Simón
2008-01-01
We construct the microstates of near-extremal black holes in AdS_5 x S^5 as gases of defects distributed in heavy BPS operators in the dual SU(N) Yang-Mills theory. These defects describe open strings on spherical D3-branes in the S^5, and we show that they dominate the entropy by directly enumerati
Entropy Correction for Cosmological Horizon of Schwarzschild-de Sitter Black Holes
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Bai-Sheng; ZHANG Jing-Yi
2011-01-01
In this paper, we first calculate the emission rate of the massive particles' de Sitter tunneling across the cosmological horizon of Schwarzschild-de Sitter black holes to the second order accuracy. Then, by assuming the emission process satisfies an underlying unitary theory, we have obtained the corrected entropy for cosmological horizon. Finally,a discussion about the de Sitter tunneling is presented.
R\\'enyi entropy and the thermodynamic stability of black holes
Czinner, Viktor G
2016-01-01
Thermodynamic stability of black holes, described by the R\\'enyi formula as equilibrium compatible entropy function, is investigated. It is shown that within this approach, asymptotically flat, Schwarzschild black holes can be in stable equilibrium with thermal radiation at a fixed temperature. This implies that the canonical ensemble exists just like in anti-de Sitter space, and nonextensive effects can stabilize the black holes in a very similar way as it is done by the gravitational potential of an anti-de Sitter space. Furthermore, it is also shown that a Hawking-Page-like black hole phase transition occurs at a critical temperature which depends on the $q$-parameter of the R\\'enyi formula.
Phase transition and entropy inequality of noncommutative black holes in a new extended phase space
Miao, Yan-Gang
2016-01-01
We analyze the thermodynamics of the noncommutative high-dimensional Schwarzschild-Tangherlini AdS black hole with the non-Gaussian smeared matter distribution by regarding a noncommutative parameter as an independent thermodynamic variable named as {\\em the noncommutative pressure}. In the new extended phase space that includes this noncommutative pressure and its conjugate variable, we reveal that the noncommutative pressure and the original thermodynamic pressure related to the negative cosmological constant make the opposite effects in the phase transition of the noncommutative black hole, i.e. the former takes a UV effect while the latter does an IR effect, respectively. In addition, by means of the reverse isoperimetric inequality, we indicate that only the black hole with the Gaussian smeared matter distribution holds the maximum entropy for a given thermodynamic volume among the noncommutative black holes with various matter distributions.
Black hole entropy and SU(2) Chern-Simons theory
Engle, Jonathan; Perez, Alejandro
2009-01-01
We show that the isolated horizon boundary condition can be treated in a manifestly SU(2) invariant manner. The symplectic structure of gravity with the isolated horizon boundary condition has an SU(2) Chern-Simons symplectic structure contribution at the horizon with level k=a_H/ (4\\pi \\beta \\ell^2_p). Upon quantization, state counting is expressed in terms of the dimension of Chern-Simons Hilbert spaces on a sphere with marked points (defects). In the large black hole limit quantum horizon degrees of freedom can be modelled by a single intertwiner. The coupling constant of the defects with the Chern Simons theory on the horizon is precisely given by the ratio of the area contribution of the defect to the macroscopic area a_H, namely \\lambda= 16\\pi^2 \\beta \\ell^2_p (j(j+1))^(1/2)/a_H.
Extremal Black Holes in Supergravity and the Bekenstein-Hawking Entropy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. D'Auria
2002-03-01
Full Text Available Abstract: We review some results on the connection among supergravity central charges, BPS states and Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. In particular, N = 2 super-gravity in four dimensions is studied in detail. For higher N supergravities we just give an account of the general theory specializing the discussion to the N = 8 case when one half of supersymmetry is preserved. We stress the fact that for extremal supergravity black holes the entropy formula is topological, that is the entropy turns out to be a moduli independent quantity and can be written in terms of invariants of the duality group of the supergravity theory.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study noncommutative black holes, by using a diffeomorphism between the Schwarzschild black hole and the Kantowski-Sachs cosmological model, which is generalized to noncommutative minisuperspace. Through the use of the Feynman-Hibbs procedure we are able to study the thermodynamics of the black hole, in particular, we calculate Hawking's temperature and entropy for the 'noncommutative' Schwarzschild black hole
Sun, Yuan; Zhao, Liu
2016-01-01
The holographic entanglement entropy is studied numerically in (4+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric Gauss-Bonnet AdS black hole spacetime with compact boundary. On the bulk side the black hole spacetime undergoes a van der Waals-like phase transition in the extended phase space, which is reviewed with emphasis on the behavior on the temperature-entropy plane. On the boundary, we calculated the regularized HEE of a disk region of different sizes. We find strong numerical evidence for the failure of equal area law for isobaric curves on the temperature-HEE plane and for the correctness of first law of entanglement entropy, and briefly give an explanation for why the latter may serve as a reason for the former, i.e. the failure of equal area law on the temperature-HEE plane.
Hamiltonian Dynamics of Bounded Spacetime and Black Hole Entropy Canonical Method
Park, M
2002-01-01
Recently, Carlip proposed a formulation which computes the Bekenstein-Hawking (BH) entropy for the black hole in any dimension. But it has been known that his theory has some technical inconsistencies although his idea has received wide attentions. This paper address a resolution of the problem. By considering a correct gravity action whose variational principle is well defined at the horizon, one can $derive$ the correct Virasoro generator for the surface deformation at the horizon through the canonical method. The grand canonical ensemble, where the horizon and its angular velocity and temperature are fixed, is appropriate for my purpose. From the canonical quantization of the Virasoro algebra, it is found that the existence of the $classical$ Virasoro algebra is crucial to obtain the operator Virasoro algebra which produces the right conformal weights $\\sim A/\\hbar G$ for the semiclassical black hole entropy from the universal Cardy's entropy formula. The correct numerical factor 1/4 is obtained by choosin...
Entropy Spectrum of a KS Black Hole in IR Modified Hořava-Lifshitz Gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
As a renormalizable theory of gravity, Hořava-Lifshitz gravity, might be an ultraviolet completion of general relativity and reduces to Einstein gravity with a nonvanishing cosmological constant in infrared. Kehagias and Sfetsos obtained a static spherically symmetric black hole solution called KS black hole in the IR modified Hořava-Lifshitz theory. In this paper, the entropy spectrum and area spectrum of a KS black hole are investigated based on the proposal of adiabatic invariant quantity. By calculating the action of producing a pair of particles near the horizon, it is obtained that the action of the system is exactly equivalent to the change of black hole entropy, which is an adiabatic invariant quantity. With the help of Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization rule, it is concluded that the entropy spectrum is discrete and equidistant spaced and the area spectrum is not equidistant spaced, which depends on the parameter of gravity theory. Some summary and discussion will be given in the last
The Euclidean gravitational action as black hole entropy, singularities, and spacetime voids
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We argue why the static spherically symmetric vacuum solutions of Einstein's equations described by the textbook Hilbert metric gμν(r) is not diffeomorphic to the metric gμν(|r|) corresponding to the gravitational field of a point mass delta function source at r=0. By choosing a judicious radial function R(r)=r+2G|M|Θ(r) involving the Heaviside step function, one has the correct boundary condition R(r=0)=0, while displacing the horizon from r=2G|M| to a location arbitrarily close to r=0 as one desires, rh→0, where stringy geometry and quantum gravitational effects begin to take place. We solve the field equations due to a delta function point mass source at r=0, and show that the Euclidean gravitational action (in (ℎ/2π) units) is precisely equal to the black hole entropy (in Planck area units). This result holds in any dimensions D≥3. In the Reissner-Nordstrom (massive charged) and Kerr-Newman black hole case (massive rotating charged) we show that the Euclidean action in a bulk domain bounded by the inner and outer horizons is the same as the black hole entropy. When one smears out the point-mass and point-charge delta function distributions by a Gaussian distribution, the area-entropy relation is modified. We postulate why these modifications should furnish the logarithmic corrections (and higher inverse powers of the area) to the entropy of these smeared black holes. To finalize, we analyze the Bars-Witten stringy black hole in 1+1 dimension and its relation to the maximal acceleration principle in phase spaces and Finsler geometries
Conserved charges, surface degrees of freedom, and black hole entropy
Seraj, Ali
2016-01-01
In this thesis, we study the Hamiltonian and covariant phase space description of gravitational theories. The phase space represents the allowed field configurations and is accompanied by a closed nondegenerate 2 form- the symplectic form. We will show that local/gauge symmetries of the action fall into two different categories in the phase space formulation. Those corresponding to constraints in the phase space, and those associated with nontrivial conserved charges. We argue that while the former is related to redundant gauge degrees of freedom, the latter leads to physically distinct states of the system, known as surface degrees of freedom and can induce a lower dimensional dynamics on the system. These ideas are then implemented to build the phase space of specific gravitational systems: 1) asymptotically AdS3 spacetimes, and 2) near horizon geometries of extremal black holes (NHEG) in arbitrary dimension. In the AdS3 phase space, we show that Brown-Henneaux asymptotic symmetries can be extended inside t...
Refined holographic entanglement entropy for the AdS solitons and AdS black holes
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We consider the refinement of the holographic entanglement entropy for the holographic dual theories to the AdS solitons and AdS black holes, including the corrected ones by the Gauss–Bonnet term. The refinement is obtained by extracting the UV-independent piece of the holographic entanglement entropy, the so-called renormalized entanglement entropy which is independent of the choices of UV cutoff. Our main results are: (i) the renormalized entanglement entropies of the AdSd+1 soliton for d=4,5 are neither monotonically decreasing along the RG flow nor positive-definite, especially around the deconfinement/confinement phase transition; (ii) there is no topological entanglement entropy for AdS5 soliton even with Gauss–Bonnet correction; (iii) for the AdS black holes, the renormalized entanglement entropy obeys an expected volume law at IR regime, and the transition between UV and IR regimes is a smooth crossover even with Gauss–Bonnet correction; (iv) based on AdS/MERA conjecture, we postulate that the IR fixed-point state for the non-extremal AdS soliton is a trivial product state
Reissner-Nordstrom Black Hole Entropy Inside and Outside the Brick Wall
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘文彪
2003-01-01
Applying the generalized uncertainty relation to the calculation of the free energy and entropy of a Reissner Nordstrom black hole inside the brick wall, the entropy proportional to the horizon area is derived from the contribution of the vicinity of the horizon. This is compared with the entropy calculated via the original brick wall model. The entropy given by the original brick wall model comes from the outside of the brick wall seemingly.The inside result using generalized uncertainty relation is similar to the outside result using original uncertainty relation, and the divergence inside the brick wall disappears. It is apparent that the cutoff is something related to the quantum theory of gravity.
Wang, Peng; Ying, Shuxuan
2015-01-01
We compute the black hole horizon entanglement entropy for a massless scalar field in the brick wall model by incorporating the minimal length. Taking the minimal length effects on the occupation number $n(\\omega,l)$ and the Hawking temperature into consideration, we obtain the leading UV divergent term and the subleading logarithmic term in the entropy. The leading divergent term scales with the horizon area. The subleading logarithmic term is the same as that in the usual brick wall model without the minimal length.
Wang, Peng; Yang, Haitang; Ying, Shuxuan
2016-01-01
We compute the black hole horizon entanglement entropy for a massless scalar field in the brick wall model by incorporating the minimal length. Taking the minimal length effects on the occupation number n(ω, l) and the Hawking temperature into consideration, we obtain the leading ultraviolet (UV) divergent term and the subleading logarithmic term in the entropy. The leading divergent term scales with the horizon area. The subleading logarithmic term is the same as that in the usual brick wall model without the minimal length.
Statistical Mechanical Entropy of a (4 + n)-Dimensional Static Spherically Symmetric Black Hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Considering corrections to all orders in the Planck length on the quantum state density from the generalized uncertainty principle and using the quantum state density to all degrees of freedom including extra dimensions, we calculate the statistical entropy of the scalar field in the higher-dimensional static spherically symmetric black hole spacetime without any artificial cutoff. Calculation shows that the entropy is proportional to the horizon area. The coefficient of proportionality is 1/4 when the minimal length parameter is selected appropriately. (general)
Entropy of near-extremal black holes in AdS5
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We construct the microstates of near-extremal black holes in AdS5 x S5 as gases of defects distributed in heavy BPS operators in the dual SU(N) Yang-Mills theory. These defects describe open strings on spherical D3-branes in the S5, and we show that they dominate the entropy by directly enumerating them and comparing the results with a partition sum calculation. We display new decoupling limits in which the field theory of the lightest open strings on the D-branes becomes dual to a near-horizon region of the black hole geometry. In the single-charge black hole we find evidence for an infrared duality between SU(N) Yang-Mills theories that exchanges the rank of the gauge group with an R-charge. In the two-charge case (where pairs of branes intersect on a line), the decoupled geometry includes an AdS3 factor with a two-dimensional CFT dual. The degeneracy in this CFT accounts for the black hole entropy. In the three-charge case (where triples of branes intersect at a point), the decoupled geometry contains an AdS2 factor. Below a certain critical mass, the two-charge system displays solutions with naked timelike singularities even though they do not violate a BPS bound. We suggest a string theoretic resolution of these singularities.
Entropy of near-extremal black holes in AdS5
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We construct the microstates of near-extremal black holes in AdS5 x S5 as gases of defects distributed in heavy BPS operators in the dual SU(N) Yang-Mills theory. These defects describe open strings on spherical D3-branes in the S5, and we show that they dominate the entropy by directly enumerating them and comparing the results with a partition sum calculation. We display new decoupling limits in which the field theory of the lightest open strings on the D-branes becomes dual to a near-horizon region of the black hole geometry. In the single-charge black hole we find evidence for an infrared duality between SU(N) Yang-Mills theories that exchanges the rank of the gauge group with an R-charge. In the two-charge case (where pairs of branes intersect on a line), the decoupled geometry includes an AdS3 factor with a two-dimensional CFT dual. The degeneracy in this CFT accounts for the black hole entropy. In the three-charge case (where triples of branes intersect at a point), the decoupled geometry contains an AdS2 factor. Below a certain critical mass, the two-charge system displays solutions with naked timelike singularities even though they do not violate a BPS bound. We suggest a string theoretic resolution of these singularities
Entropy of near-extremal black holes in AdS5
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Simon, Joan; Balasubramanian, Vijay; de Boer, Jan; Jejjala, Vishnu; Simon, Joan
2007-07-24
We construct the microstates of near-extremal black holes in AdS_5 x S5 as gases of defects distributed in heavy BPS operators in the dual SU(N) Yang-Mills theory. These defects describe open strings on spherical D3-branes in the S5, and we show that they dominate the entropy by directly enumerating them and comparing the results with a partition sum calculation. We display new decoupling limits in which the field theory of the lightest open strings on the D-branes becomes dual to a near-horizon region of the black hole geometry. In the single-charge black hole we find evidence for an infrared duality between SU(N) Yang-Mills theories that exchanges the rank of the gauge group with an R-charge. In the two-charge case (where pairs of branes intersect on a line), the decoupled geometry includes an AdS_3 factor with a two-dimensional CFT dual. The degeneracy in this CFT accounts for the black hole entropy. In the three-charge case (where triples of branes intersect at a point), the decoupled geometry contains an AdS_2 factor. Below a certain critical mass, the two-charge system displays solutions with naked timelike singularities even though they do not violate a BPS bound. We suggest a string theoretic resolution of these singularities.
Entropy function from the gravitational surface action for an extremal near horizon black hole
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Majhi, Bibhas Ranjan [Indian Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Guwahati, Assam (India)
2015-11-15
It is often argued that all the information of a gravitational theory is encoded in the surface term of the action; which means one can find several physical quantities just from the surface term without incorporating the bulk part of the action. This has been observed in various instances; e.g. the derivation of the Einstein's equations, the surface term calculated on the horizon leads to the entropy, etc. Here I investigate the role of it in the context of the entropy function and the entropy of extremal near horizon black holes. Considering only the Gibbons-Hawking-York (GHY) surface term to define an entropy function for the extremal near horizon black hole solution, it is observed that the extremization of such a function leads to the exact value of the horizon entropy. This analysis again supports the previous claim that the gravitational action is of a ''holographic'' nature - the surface term contains information of the bulk. (orig.)
Entropy function from the gravitational surface action for an extremal near horizon black hole
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Majhi, Bibhas Ranjan, E-mail: bibhas.majhi@iitg.ernet.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, 781039, Guwahati, Assam (India)
2015-11-02
It is often argued that all the information of a gravitational theory is encoded in the surface term of the action; which means one can find several physical quantities just from the surface term without incorporating the bulk part of the action. This has been observed in various instances; e.g. the derivation of the Einstein’s equations, the surface term calculated on the horizon leads to the entropy, etc. Here I investigate the role of it in the context of the entropy function and the entropy of extremal near horizon black holes. Considering only the Gibbons–Hawking–York (GHY) surface term to define an entropy function for the extremal near horizon black hole solution, it is observed that the extremization of such a function leads to the exact value of the horizon entropy. This analysis again supports the previous claim that the gravitational action is of a “holographic” nature – the surface term contains information of the bulk.
Statistical analysis of entropy correction from topological defects in Loop Black Holes
Lochan, Kinjalk
2012-01-01
In this paper we discuss the entropy of quantum black holes in the LQG formalism when the number of punctures on the horizon is treated as a quantum hair, that is we compute the black hole entropy in the grand canonical (area) ensemble. The entropy is a function of both the average area and the average number of punctures and bears little resemblance to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. In the thermodynamic limit, both the "temperature" and the chemical potential can be shown to be functions only of the average area per puncture. At a fixed temperature, the average number of punctures becomes proportional to the average area and we recover the Bekenstein-Hawking area-entropy law to leading order provided that the Barbero-Immirzi parameter, $\\gamma$, is appropriately fixed. This also relates the chemical potential to $\\gamma$. We obtain a sub-leading correction, which differs in signature from that obtained in the microcanonical and canonical ensembles in its sign but agrees with earlier results in the grand can...
Goncharov, Yu. P.
We discuss how to describe U(N) monopoles on the Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordström black holes by the parameters of the moduli space of holomorphic vector bundles over S2. For N = 2,3 we obtain such a description in an explicit form as well as the expressions for the corresponding monopole masses. This gives a possibility of adducing some reasonings in favor of existence of both a fine structure for black holes and the statistical ensemble tied with it which might generate the black hole entropy. Also, there arises an analogy with the famous K-theory in topology.
Goncharov, Yu P
1996-01-01
We discuss how to describe U(N)-monopoles on the Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordström black holes by the parameters of the moduli space of holomorphic vector bundles over S^2. For N = 2,3 we obtain such a description in an explicit form as well as the expressions for the corresponding monopole masses. This gives a possibility to adduce some reasonings in favour of existence of both a `fine structure' for black holes and the statistical ensemble tied with it which might generate the black hole entropy. Also there arises some analogy with the famous K-theory in topology.
Quantum of area ΔA=8πlP2 and a statistical interpretation of black hole entropy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In contrast to alternative values, the quantum of area ΔA=8πlP2 does not follow from the usual statistical interpretation of black hole entropy; on the contrary, a statistical interpretation follows from it. This interpretation is based on the two concepts: nonadditivity of black hole entropy and Landau quantization. Using nonadditivity a microcanonical distribution for a black hole is found and it is shown that the statistical weight of a black hole should be proportional to its area. By analogy with conventional Landau quantization, it is shown that quantization of a black hole is nothing but the Landau quantization. The Landau levels of a black hole and their degeneracy are found. The degree of degeneracy is equal to the number of ways to distribute a patch of area 8πlP2 over the horizon. Taking into account these results, it is argued that the black hole entropy should be of the form Sbh=2π·ΔΓ, where the number of microstates is ΔΓ=A/8πlP2. The nature of the degrees of freedom responsible for black hole entropy is elucidated. The applications of the new interpretation are presented. The effect of noncommuting coordinates is discussed.
Banerjee, S.; Gupta, R.K.; Mandal, I.; Sen, A.
2011-01-01
We compute logarithmic corrections to the entropy of supersymmetric extremal black holes in {N} = {4} and {N} = {8} supersymmetric string theories and find results in perfect agreement with the microscopic results. In particular these logarithmic corrections vanish for quarter BPS black holes in {N}
Logarithmic Corrections in Black Hole Entropy Product Formula
Pradhan, Parthapratim
2016-01-01
It has been shown by explicit and exact calculation that whenever we have taken the effects of thermal fluctuations the entropy product formula should \\emph{not mass-independent} nor \\emph{does it quantized}. It is examined by giving some examples.
The origin of the area law of the entropy of a quantum field in a black hole
Kim, Hyeong-Chan; Lee, Min-Ho; Ji, Jeong-Young
1997-01-01
It is shown that that the area law for the entropy of a quantum field in the Schwarzschild black hole is due to the quantum statistics. The entropies for one particle, a Boltzmann gas, a quantum mechanical gas obeying Bose-Einstein or Fermi-Dirac statistics, and a quantum field in the Schwarzschild black hole are calculated using the microcanonical ensemble approach and the brick wall method. The area law holds only when the effect of quantum statistics is dominated.
Quantum corrected Friedmann equations from loop quantum black holes entropy-area relation
Silva, C A S
2015-01-01
The Friedmann equations govern the evolution of space in homogeneous and isotropic models of the universe within the context of general relativity. Such equations can be derived by using Clausius relation to the apparent horizon of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) universe, in which entropy is assumed to be proportional to its horizon area \\cite{Cai:2005ra}. Such demonstration follows the spirit of the results obtained by Jacobson that assuming the proportionality between entropy and horizon area, demonstrated that the spacetime can be viewed as a gas of atoms with a related entropy given by the Bekenstein-Hawking formula and the Einstein equation is a equation of state of this gas \\cite{Jacobson:1995ab}. Loop Quantum Gravity is a theory that propose a way to model the atomic behavior of spacetime. One recent prediction of this theory is the existence of sub-Planckian black holes called self-dual black holes. Among the interesting features of loop quantum black holes is the fact that they give rise to a modif...
Note on Stability and Holographic Renyi Entropy in New Hyperbolic AdS Black Holes
Fang, Zhen; Li, Danning
2016-01-01
We construct a series of new hyperbolic black hole solutions in Einstein-Dilaton system and we apply holographic approach to investigate the spherical Renyi entropy in various deformations. Especially, we introduce various powers in the scalar potential for massive and massless scalar cases. These scalar potentials correspond to deformation of dual CFTs. We make use of a systematic way to generate numerical hyperbolic AdS black hole solutions. Based on these solutions, we study the temperature dependent condensation of dual operator of massive and massless scalar respectively. These condensations show that there might be phase transitions in deformed CFTs. We also compare free energy between hyperbolic black hole solutions and hyperbolic AdS-SW black hole to judge phase transitions. In order to confirm the existence of phase transitions, we turn on linear in-homogenous perturbation to test stability of these hyperbolic AdS black holes. In this paper, we show how potential parameters affect the stability of hy...
Entropy production, viscosity bounds and bumpy black holes
Hartnoll, Sean A; Santos, Jorge E
2016-01-01
The ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density, $\\eta/s$, is computed in various holographic geometries that break translation invariance (but are isotropic). The shear viscosity does not have a hydrodynamic interpretation in such backgrounds, but does quantify the rate of entropy production due to a strain. Fluctuations of the metric components $\\delta g_{xy}$ are massive about these backgrounds, leading to $\\eta/s < 1/(4\\pi)$ at all finite temperatures (even in Einstein gravity). As the temperature is taken to zero, different behaviors are possible. If translation symmetry breaking is irrelevant in the far IR, then $\\eta/s$ tends to a constant at $T=0$. This constant can be parametrically small. If the translation symmetry is broken in the far IR (which nonetheless develops emergent scale invariance), then $\\eta/s \\sim T^{2 \
The Thermodynamics of Black Holes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wald Robert M.
2001-01-01
Full Text Available We review the present status of black hole thermodynamics. Our review includes discussion of classical black hole thermodynamics, Hawking radiation from black holes, the generalized second law, and the issue of entropy bounds. A brief survey also is given of approaches to the calculation of black hole entropy. We conclude with a discussion of some unresolved open issues.
The Thermodynamics of Black Holes
Wald Robert M.
1999-01-01
We review the present status of black hole thermodynamics. Our review includes discussion of classical black hole thermodynamics, Hawking radiation from black holes, the generalized second law, and the issue of entropy bounds. A brief survey also is given of approaches to the calculation of black hole entropy. We conclude with a discussion of some unresolved open issues.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this work we apply the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) to the problem of maximum entropy and evaporation/absorption of the energy of black holes near the Planck scale. Within this general approach we find corrections to the maximum entropy and indications of the quenching of evaporation, not only because the evaporation term goes to a finite limit, but also because the absorption of quanta seems to help the balance for black holes in a thermal bath. Then, residual masses at around the Planck scale may be the final outcome of primordial black-hole evaporation. (letter to the editor)
Lan, Xiao-Gang
2013-05-01
By introducing a new tortoise coordinate transformation, we apply Damour-Ruffini-Sannan method to study the Hawking radiation of massive scalar particles in a dynamic Dilaton-Maxwell black hole. We find that Hawking radiation spectrum shows still the blackbody one, while the Hawking temperature is significantly changed. Additionally, by adopting the thin film method, we calculate the entropy of a dynamic Dilaton-Maxwell black hole. The result indicates that the entropy for such a black hole is still in proportional to the area of its event horizon.
Statistical Entropy of Four-Dimensional Rotating Black Holes from Near-Horizon Geometry
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We show that a class of four-dimensional rotating black holes allow five-dimensional embeddings as black rotating strings. Their near-horizon geometry factorizes locally as a product of the three-dimensional anti-de Sitter space-time and a two-dimensional sphere (AdS3xS2 ), with angular momentum encoded in the global space-time structure. Following the observation that the isometries on the AdS3 space induce a two-dimensional (super)conformal field theory on the boundary, we reproduce the microscopic entropy with the correct dependence on the black hole angular momentum. copyright 1999 The American Physical Society
Holographic entanglement entropy and the extended phase structure of STU black holes
Caceres, Elena; Pedraza, Juan F
2015-01-01
We study the extended thermodynamics, obtained by considering the cosmological constant as a thermodynamic variable, of STU black holes in 4-dimensions in the fixed charge ensemble. The associated phase structure is conjectured to be dual to an RG-flow on the space of field theories. We find that for some charge configurations the phase structure resembles that of a Van der Waals gas: the system exhibits a family of first order phase transitions ending in a second order phase transition at a critical temperature. We calculate the holographic entanglement entropy for several charge configurations and show that for the cases where the gravity background exhibits Van der Waals behavior, the entanglement entropy presents a transition at the same critical temperature. To further characterize the phase transition we calculate appropiate critical exponents show that they coincide. Thus, the holographic entanglement entropy successfully captures the information of the extended phase structure. Finally, we discuss the...
Statistical-Mechanical Entropy of a Black Hole with a Global Monopole to All Orders in Planck Length
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Considering corrections to all orders in the Planck length on the quantum state density from the generalized uncertainty principle, we calculate the statistical entropy of the scalar field in the global monopole black hole spacetime without any artificial cutoff. It is shown that the entropy is proportional to the horizon area
Near-Horizon Geometry and the Entropy of a Minimally Coupled Scalar Field in the Kerr Black Hole
Ghosh, Kaushik
2016-01-01
In this article we will discuss a Lorentzian sector calculation of the entropy of a minimally coupled scalar field in the Kerr black hole background. We will use the brick wall model of t' Hooft. In the Kerr black hole, complications arise due to the absence of a global timelike Killing field and the presence of the ergosphere. Nevertheless, it is possible to calculate the entropy of a thin shell of matter field in the near-horizon region using the brick wall model. The corresponding leading order entropy of the nonsuperradiant modes is found to be proportional to the area of the horizon and is logarithmically divergent. Thus, the entropy of a three dimensional system in the near-horizon region is proportional to the boundary surface. This is similar to that of the black hole entropy itself. The corresponding internal energy remains finite if the entropy is chosen to be of the order of the black hole entropy itself. The leading order entropy is found to be half of the corresponding term in the Schwarzschild b...
FORMATION OF BLACK HOLE AND ACCRETION DISK IN A MASSIVE HIGH-ENTROPY STELLAR CORE COLLAPSE
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We present the first numerical result of fully general relativistic axisymmetric simulations for the collapse of a rotating high-entropy stellar core to a black hole and an accretion disk. The simulations are performed taking into account the relevant microphysics. We adopt as initial conditions a spherical core with constant electron fraction (Ye = 0.5) and entropy per baryon s = 8 kB , and angular velocity is superimposed. In the early phase, the core collapses in a homologous manner. Then it experiences a weak bounce due to the gas pressure of free nucleons. Because the bounce is weak, the core eventually collapses to a black hole. Subsequent evolution depends on initial angular velocity. When the rotation is not fast, a geometrically thin (but optically thick) accretion disk is formed, and shock waves are formed in the inner part of the disk. For the moderately rotating case, the thin accretion disk eventually expands to become a geometrically thick torus after sufficient accumulation of the thermal energy is generated at the shocks. Furthermore, convection occurs inside the torus. Neutrino luminosities vary violently with time because of the convective motion. For the rapidly rotating case, by contrast, a geometrically thick torus is formed soon after the black hole formation, and the convective activity is weak due to the presence of an epicyclic mode.
Mass spectrum and statistical entropy of the BTZ black hole from canonical quantum gravity
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In a recent publication we developed a canonical quantization program describing the gravitational collapse of a spherical dust cloud in 2+1 dimensions with a negative cosmological constant -Λ≡-l-2n=((ℎ/2π)/l)(n+(1/2)). The discrete spectrum is obtained by applying the Wheeler-DeWitt equation with a particular choice of factor ordering and interpreted as giving the energy levels of the collapsed matter shells that form the black hole. Treating a black hole microstate as a particular distribution of shells among the levels, we determine the canonical entropy of the BTZ black hole. Comparison with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy shows that the boundary energy is related to the central charge of the Virasoro algebra that generates the asymptotic symmetry group of the three-dimensional anti-de Sitter space AdS3. This gives a connection between the Wheeler-DeWitt approach and the conformal field theory approach.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lopez-DomInguez, J C [Instituto de Fisica de la Universidad de Guanajuato PO Box E-143, 37150 Leoen Gto. (Mexico); Obregon, O [Instituto de Fisica de la Universidad de Guanajuato PO Box E-143, 37150 Leoen Gto. (Mexico); RamIrez, C [Facultad de Ciencias FIsico Matematicas, Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, PO Box 1364, 72000 Puebla (Mexico); Sabido, M [Instituto de Fisica de la Universidad de Guanajuato PO Box E-143, 37150 Leoen Gto. (Mexico)
2007-11-15
We study noncommutative black holes, by using a diffeomorphism between the Schwarzschild black hole and the Kantowski-Sachs cosmological model, which is generalized to noncommutative minisuperspace. Through the use of the Feynman-Hibbs procedure we are able to study the thermodynamics of the black hole, in particular, we calculate Hawking's temperature and entropy for the 'noncommutative' Schwarzschild black hole.
The black hole entropy bound and the maximum temperature for meson formation in the nuclear fireball
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The entropy bound from black hole thermodynamics can be invoked to set limits for temperatures at which hadrons can survive as a confined system. The authors find that this implies that the pion can be formed in heavy ion collisions; much later than heavier mesons, for example the p-meson, when the fireball is cooler. The temperature found in a simple model agree qualitatively with experiment. This paper suggests that this may be the reason why in pion interferometry experiments the space-time volume of the pion source seems large
Entropy of near-extremal black holes in AdS_5
Balasubramanian, Vijay; de Boer, Jan; Jejjala, Vishnu; Simon, Joan
2007-01-01
We construct the microstates of near-extremal black holes in AdS_5 x S^5 as gases of defects distributed in heavy BPS operators in the dual SU(N) Yang-Mills theory. These defects describe open strings on spherical D3-branes in the S^5, and we show that they dominate the entropy by directly enumerating them and comparing the results with a partition sum calculation. We display new decoupling limits in which the field theory of the lightest open strings on the D-branes becomes dual to a near-ho...
Entropy of near-extremal black holes in AdS5
Balasubramanian, Vijay
2008-01-01
We construct the microstates of near-extremal black holes in AdS_5 x S5 as gases of defects distributed in heavy BPS operators in the dual SU(N) Yang-Mills theory. These defects describe open strings on spherical D3-branes in the S5, and we show that they dominate the entropy by directly enumerating them and comparing the results with a partition sum calculation. We display new decoupling limits in which the field theory of the lightest open strings on the D-branes becomes dual to a near-hori...
Wang, Jia; Meng, Xin-he
2014-01-01
We present a new universal property of entropy, that is the entropy sum relation of black holes in four dimensional (anti-)de-Sitter asymptotical back- ground. They depend only on the cosmological constant with the necessary e?ect of the un-physical virtual horizon included in the spacetime where only the cosmological constant, mass of black hole, rotation parameter and Maxwell ?eld exist. When there is more extra matter ?eld in the spacetime, one will ?nd the entropy sum is also dependent of the strength of these extra matter ?eld. For both cases, we conclude that the entropy sum does not depend on the con- versed charges M, Q and J, while it does depend on the property of background spacetime. We will mainly test the entropy sum relation in static, stationary black hole and some black hole with extra matter source (scalar hair and higher curvature) in the asymptotical (anti-)de-sitter spacetime background. Besides, we point out a newly found counter example of the mass independence of the "entropy product" ...
Microscopic entropy of the three-dimensional rotating black hole of BHT massive gravity
Giribet, Gaston; Tempo, David; Troncoso, Ricardo
2009-01-01
Asymptotically AdS rotating black holes for the Bergshoeff-Hohm-Townsend (BHT) massive gravity theory in three dimensions are considered. In the special case when the theory admits a unique maximally symmetric solution, apart from the mass and the angular momentum, the black hole is described by an independent "gravitational hair" parameter, which provides a negative lower bound for the mass. This bound is saturated at the extremal case and, since the temperature and the semiclassical entropy vanish, it is naturally regarded as the ground state. The absence of a global charge associated with the gravitational hair parameter reflects through the first law of thermodynamics in the fact that the variation of this parameter can be consistently reabsorbed by a shift of the global charges, giving further support to consider the extremal case as the ground state. The rotating black hole fits within relaxed asymptotic conditions as compared with the ones of Brown and Henneaux, such that they are invariant under the s...
Exact holography and black hole entropy in N=8 and N=4 string theory
Gomes, Joao
2015-01-01
We compute the exact entropy of one-eighth and one-quarter BPS black holes in N=8 and N=4 string theory respectively. This includes all the N=4 CHL models in both K3 and T^4 compactifications. The main result is a measure for the finite dimensional integral that one obtains after localization of supergravity on AdS_2xS^2. This measure is determined entirely by an anomaly in supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory on local AdS_3 and takes into account the contribution from all the supergravity multiplets. In Chern-Simons theory on compact manifolds this is the anomaly that computes a certain one-loop dependence on the volume of the manifold. For one-eighth BPS black holes our results are a first principles derivation of a measure proposed in arXiv:1111.1161, while in the case of one-quarter BPS black holes our result computes exactly all the perturbative or area corrections. Moreover, we argue that instantonic contributions can be incorporated and give evidence by computing the measure which matches precisely the m...
Liang, Jun
2014-01-01
By employing an adiabatic invariant and implementing the Bohr-Sommerfield quantization rule, I study the quantization of a regular black hole inspired by noncommutative geometry in AdS3 spacetime. The entropy spectrum as well as the horizon area spectrum of the black hole is obtained. It is shown that the spectra are discrete, and the spacing of the entropy spectrum is equidistant; in the limit , the area spectrum depends on the noncommutative parameter and the cosmological constant, but the spacing of the area spectrum is equidistant up to leading order in θ, and is independent of the noncommutative parameter and the cosmological constant.
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Wei Xu
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Based on entropy relations, we derive the thermodynamic bound for entropy and the area of horizons for a Schwarzschild–dS black hole, including the event horizon, Cauchy horizon, and negative horizon (i.e., the horizon with negative value, which are all geometrically bound and comprised by the cosmological radius. We consider the first derivative of the entropy relations to obtain the first law of thermodynamics for all horizons. We also obtain the Smarr relation for the horizons using the scaling discussion. For the thermodynamics of all horizons, the cosmological constant is treated as a thermodynamic variable. In particular, the thermodynamics of the negative horizon are defined well in the r<0 side of space–time. This formula appears to be valid for three-horizon black holes. We also generalize the discussion to thermodynamics for the event horizon and Cauchy horizon of Gauss–Bonnet charged flat black holes because the Gauss–Bonnet coupling constant is also considered to be thermodynamic variable. These results provide further insights into the crucial role played by the entropy relations of multi-horizons in black hole thermodynamics as well as improving our understanding of entropy at the microscopic level.
On Noncommutative Black Holes Thermodynamics
Faizal, Mir; Ulhoa, S C
2015-01-01
In this paper, we will analyze noncommutative deformation of the Schwarzschild black holes and Kerr black holes. We will perform our analysis by relating the commutative and the noncommutative metrics using an Moyal product. We will also analyze the thermodynamics of these noncommutative black hole solutions. We will explicitly derive expression for the corrected entropy and temperature of these black hole solutions.
Microscopic entropy of the most general BPS black hole for type II/M-theory on torii
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In the present dissertation we review the statistical computation of the entropy for the most general static BPS black hole solution in the framework of toroidally compactified type II/M-theory. This achievement is inscribed within a research project aimed to the study of the microscopic properties of this kind of solutions in relation to U-duality invariants (e.g. the entropy) computed on the corresponding macroscopic (supergravity) description. (orig.)
El-Menoufi, Basem Kamal
2016-05-01
In the context of effective field theory, we consider quantum gravity with minimally coupled massless particles. Fixing the background geometry to be of the Kerr-Schild type, we fully determine the one-loop effective action of the theory whose finite non-local part is induced by the long-distance portion of quantum loops. This is accomplished using the non-local expansion of the heat kernel in addition to a non-linear completion technique through which the effective action is expanded in gravitational curvatures. Via Euclidean methods, we identify a logarithmic correction to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of Schwarzschild black hole. Using dimensional transmutation the result is shown to exhibit an interesting interplay between the UV and IR properties of quantum gravity.
Conserved current for the Cotton tensor, black hole entropy and equivariant Pontryagin forms
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Ferreiro Perez, Roberto, E-mail: roferreiro@ccee.ucm.e [Departamento de Economia Financiera y Contabilidad I Facultad de Ciencias Economicas y Empresariales, UCM Campus de Somosaguas, 28223-Pozuelo de Alarcon (Spain)
2010-07-07
The Chern-Simons Lagrangian density in the space of metrics of a three-dimensional manifold M is not invariant under the action of diffeomorphisms on M. However, its Euler-Lagrange operator can be identified with the Cotton tensor, which is invariant under diffeomorphims. As the Lagrangian is not invariant, the Noether theorem cannot be applied to obtain conserved currents. We show that it is possible to obtain an equivariant conserved current for the Cotton tensor by using the first equivariant Pontryagin form on the bundle of metrics. Finally we define a Hamiltonian current which gives the contribution of the Chern-Simons term to the black hole entropy, energy and angular momentum.
Conserved current for the Cotton tensor, black hole entropy and equivariant Pontryagin forms
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The Chern-Simons Lagrangian density in the space of metrics of a three-dimensional manifold M is not invariant under the action of diffeomorphisms on M. However, its Euler-Lagrange operator can be identified with the Cotton tensor, which is invariant under diffeomorphims. As the Lagrangian is not invariant, the Noether theorem cannot be applied to obtain conserved currents. We show that it is possible to obtain an equivariant conserved current for the Cotton tensor by using the first equivariant Pontryagin form on the bundle of metrics. Finally we define a Hamiltonian current which gives the contribution of the Chern-Simons term to the black hole entropy, energy and angular momentum.
Quasinormal modes of charged dilaton black holes and their entropy spectra
Sakalli, I
2013-01-01
In this study, we employ the scalar perturbations of the charged dilaton black hole (CDBH) found by Chan, Horne and Mann (CHM), and described with an action which emerges in the low-energy limit of the string theory. A CDBH is neither asymptotically flat (AF) nor non-asymptotically flat (NAF) spacetime. Depending on the value of its dilaton parameter "a", it has both Schwarzschild and linear dilaton black hole (LDBH) limits. We compute the complex frequencies of the quasinormal modes (QNM) of the CDBH by considering small perturbations around its horizon. By using the highly damped QNMs in the process prescribed by Maggiore, we obtain the quantum entropy and area spectra of these BHs. Although the QNM frequencies are tuned by "a", we show that the quantum spectra do not depend on "a", and they are equally spaced. On the other hand, the obtained value of undetermined dimensionless constant {\\epsilon} is the double of Bekenstein's result. The possible reason of this discrepancy is also discussed.
Luminet, Jean-Pierre
1992-09-01
Foreword to the French edition; Foreword to the English edition; Acknowledgements; Part I. Gravitation and Light: 1. First fruits; 2. Relativity; 3. Curved space-time; Part II. Exquisite Corpses: 4. Chronicle of the twilight years; 5. Ashes and diamonds; 6. Supernovae; 7. Pulsars; 8. Gravitation triumphant; Part III. Light Assassinated: 9. The far horizon; 10. Illuminations; 11. A descent into the maelstrom; 12. Map games; 13. The black hole machine; 14. The quantum black hole; Part IV. Light Regained: 15. Primordial black holes; 16. The zoo of X-ray stars; 17. Giant black holes; 18. Gravitational light; 19. The black hole Universe; Appendices; Bibliography; Name index; Subject index.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Qiang; REN Ji-Rong
2013-01-01
In this paper,we use the modified Hod's treatment and the Kunstatter's method to study the horizon area spectrum and entropy spectrum in Gauss-Bonnet de-Sitter space-time,which is regarded as the natural generalization of Einstein gravity by including higher derivative correction terms to the original Einstein-Hilbert action.The horizon areas have some properties that are very different from the vacuum solutions obtained from the frame of Einstein gravity.With the new physical interpretation of quasinormal modes,the area/entropy spectrum for the event horizon for nearextremal Gauss-Bonnet de Sitter black holes are obtained.Meanwhile,we also extend the discussion of area/entropy quantization to the non-extremal black holes solutions.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, we use the modified Hod's treatment and the Kunstatter's method to study the horizon area spectrum and entropy spectrum in Gauss—Bonnet de-Sitter space-time, which is regarded as the natural generalization of Einstein gravity by including higher derivative correction terms to the original Einstein—Hilbert action. The horizon areas have some properties that are very different from the vacuum solutions obtained from the frame of Einstein gravity. With the new physical interpretation of quasinormal modes, the area/entropy spectrum for the event horizon for near-extremal Gauss—Bonnet de Sitter black holes are obtained. Meanwhile, we also extend the discussion of area/entropy quantization to the non-extremal black holes solutions. (general)
More on area density of localization-entropy and problematization of black hole entropy
Schrör, B
2005-01-01
The holographic boundary projection method for the study of vacuum-polarization caused thermal aspects is extended to double cone localized algebras. As in the previous case of wedge algebras, this algebra in its restricted vacuum state is identical to its holographic projection onto its causal horizon and can be approximated from the inside in analogy to the thermodynamic limit approximation. The spectrum of the modular ``Hamiltonian'' of each approximand is discrete and converges against the desired continuous modular Hamiltonian. In the correspondence to the standard thermodynamic limit two of the length dimensions of the volume factor correspond to the transverse extension (the area factor $l^{2}$) of the holographic projection and the remaining third dimension passes to the inverse of the lightlike distance $\\epsilon $ of the approximand from its limit; hence altogether the localization entropy behaves as $l^{2}\\times \\frac{1}{\\epsilon}$ with the proportionality constant being determined by the holograph...
Tanaka, Sho
2014-01-01
In confrontation with serious and fundamental problems towards ultimate theory of quantum gravity and Planck scale physics, we emphasize the importance of underlying noncommutative space-time such as Snyder's or Yang's Lorentz-covariant quantized space-time. The background of Bekenstein-Hawking's area-entropy law and holographic principle is now substantially understood in terms of Kinematical Holographic Relation (KHR), which holds in Yang's quantized space-time as the result of the kinematical reduction of spatial degrees of freedom caused by its own nature of noncommutative geometry. KHR implies a proportional relation, , between the number of spatial degrees of freedom inside any d -dimensional spherical volume with radius L and its boundary area . It yields a substantial basis for our new area-entropy law of black holes and further enables us to connect "the first law of black hole mechanics" with "the thermodynamics of black holes" towards our final goal: A statistical and substantial understanding of the area-entropy law of black holes under a novel concept of noncommutative quantized space-time.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XU Dian-Yan
2003-01-01
The free energy and entropy of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in higher-dimensional space-time are calculated by the quantum statistic method with a brick wall model. The space-time of the black holes is divided into three regions: region 1, (r > r0); region 2, (r0 > r > n); and region 3, (T-J > r > 0), where r0 is the radius of the outer event horizon, and r, is the radius of the inner event horizon. Detailed calculation shows that the entropy contributed by region 2 is zero, the entropy contributed by region 1 is positive and proportional to the outer event horizon area, the entropy contributed by region 3 is negative and proportional to the inner event horizon area. The total entropy contributed by all the three regions is positive and proportional to the area difference between the outer and inner event horizons. As rt approaches r0 in the nearly extreme case, the total quantum statistical entropy approaches zero.
Nikolic, H
2015-01-01
We propose a new non-holographic formulation of AdS/CFT correspondence, according to which quantum gravity on AdS and its dual non-gravitational field theory both live in the same number D of dimensions. The field theory, however, appears (D-1)-dimensional because the interactions do not propagate in one of the dimensions. The D-dimensional action for the field theory can be identified with the sum over (D-1)-dimensional actions with all possible values $\\Lambda$ of the UV cutoff, so that the extra hidden dimension can be identified with $\\Lambda$. Since there are no interactions in the extra dimension, most of the practical results of standard holographic AdS/CFT correspondence transcribe to non-holographic AdS/CFT without any changes. However, the implications on black-hole entropy change significantly. The maximal black-hole entropy now scales with volume, while the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy is interpreted as the minimal possible black-hole entropy. In this way, the non-holographic AdS/CFT correspondence ...
Myung, Y S
2003-01-01
We calculate corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formula for the five-dimensional topological AdS (TAdS)-black holes and topological de Sitter (TdS) spaces due to thermal fluctuations. We can derive all thermal properties of the TdS spaces from those of the TAdS black holes by replacing $k$ by $-k$. Also we obtain the same correction to the Cardy-Verlinde formula for TAdS and TdS cases including the cosmological horizon of the Schwarzschild-de Sitter (SdS) black hole. Finally we discuss the AdS/CFT and dS/CFT correspondences and their dynamic correspondences.
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I consider the thermodynamics of the BTZ black hole in the presence of the higher curvature and gravitational Chern-Simons terms, and its statistical entropy. I propose a new thermodynamical entropy, which is manifestly non-negative, such that the second law of thermodynamics is satisfied. I show that the new thermodynamical entropy agrees perfectly with the statistical entropy for all the values of the conformal factor of the higher curvature terms and the coupling constant of the gravitational Chern-Simons term, in contrast to some disagreements in the literature. The agreement with both the higher curvature and gravitational Chern-Simons terms is possible because of an appropriate balancing of them, though it is not a trivial matter because of a conflict in the appropriate Hilbert space for a well-defined conformal field theory for each term
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By employing an adiabatic invariant and implementing the Bohr-Sommerfield quantization rule, I study the quantization of a regular black hole inspired by noncommutative geometry in AdS3 spacetime. The entropy spectrum as well as the horizon area spectrum of the black hole is obtained. It is shown that the spectra are discrete, and the spacing of the entropy spectrum is equidistant; in the limit (rh2)/4θ >> 1, the area spectrum depends on the noncommutative parameter and the cosmological constant, but the spacing of the area spectrum is equidistant up to leading order √θe-(2Ml2)/θ in θ, and is independent of the noncommutative parameter and the cosmological constant. (research papers)
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By using the Newman-Penrose formalism and the improved thin-layer 'brick wall' approach, the statistical-mechanical entropies of the Schwarzschild-de Sitter black hole arising from quantum massless arbitrary spin fields are studied in the Painleve and Lemaitre coordinates. Although the metrics in both the Painleve and the Lemaitre coordinates do not obviously possess the singularities as that in the Schwarzschild-like coordinate, we find that, for arbitrary spin fields, the entropies in the Painleve and Lemaitre coordinates are exactly equivalent to that in the Schwarzschild-like coordinate
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sergio Mendoza
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We present heuristic arguments suggesting that if EM waves with wavelengths somewhat larger than the Schwarzschild radius of a black hole were fully absorbed by it, the second law of thermodynamics would be violated, under the Bekenstein interpretation of the area of a black hole as a measure of its entropy. Thus, entropy considerations make the well known fact that large wavelengths are only marginally absorbed by black holes, a natural consequence of thermodynamics. We also study numerically the ingoing radial propagation of a scalar field wave in a Schwarzschild metric, relaxing the standard assumption which leads to the eikonal equation, that the wave has zero spatial extent. We find that if these waves have wavelengths larger that the Schwarzschild radius, they are very substantially reflected, fully to numerical accuracy. Interestingly, this critical wavelength approximately coincides with the one derived from entropy considerations of the EM field, and is consistent with well known limit results of scattering in the Schwarzschild metric. The propagation speed is also calculated and seen to differ from the value c, for wavelengths larger than Rs, in the vicinity of Rs. As in all classical wave phenomena, whenever the wavelength is larger or comparable to the physical size of elements in the system, in this case changes in the metric, the zero extent Ã¢Â€Â™particleÃ¢Â€Â™ description fails, and the wave nature becomes apparent.
Remarks on the black hole entropy and Hawking spectrum in Loop Quantum Gravity
Alekseev, A.; Polychronakos, A. P.; Smedback, M.
2004-01-01
In this note we reply to the criticism by Corichi concerning our proposal for an equidistant area spectrum in loop quantum gravity. We further comment on the emission properties of black holes and on the statistics of links.
Revisit emission spectrum and entropy quantum of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black hole
Jiang, Qing-Quan
2012-01-01
Banerjee and Majhi's recent work shows that black hole's emission spectrum could be fully reproduced in the tunneling picture, where, as an intriguing technique, the Kruskal extension was introduced to connect the left and right modes inside and outside the horizon. Some attempt, as an extension, was focused on producing the Hawking emission spectrum of the (charged) Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black hole in the Banerjee-Majhi's treatment. Unfortunately, the Kruskal extension in their observation was so badly defined that the ingoing mode was classically forbidden traveling towards the center of black hole, but could quantum tunnel across the horizon with the probability $\\Gamma=e^{-\\pi \\omega_0/\\kappa_+}$. This tunneling picture is unphysical. With this point as a central motivation, in this paper we first introduce such a suitable Kruskal extension for the (charged) Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black hole that a perfect tunneling picture can be provided during the charged particle's emission. Then, under the new Krusk...
(Anti-)de Sitter Black Hole Entropy and Generalized Uncertainty Principle
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Ren; ZHANG Li-Chun; HU Shuang-Qi
2006-01-01
We generalize the method that is used to study corrections to Cardy-Verlinde formula due to generalized uncertainty principle and discuss corrections to Cardy-Verlinde formula due to generalized uncertainty principle in (anti)-de Sitter space. Because in de Sitter black hole spacetime the radiation temperature of the black hole horizon is different from the one of the cosmological horizon, this spacetime is a thermodynamical non-equilibrium spacetime.
Towards noncommutative quantum black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper we study noncommutative black holes. We use a diffeomorphism between the Schwarzschild black hole and the Kantowski-Sachs cosmological model, which is generalized to noncommutative minisuperspace. Through the use of the Feynman-Hibbs procedure we are able to study the thermodynamics of the black hole, in particular, we calculate the Hawking's temperature and entropy for the noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole
Towards Noncommutative Quantum Black Holes
Lopez-Dominguez, J. C.; Obregon, O.; Ramirez, C.; Sabido, M.
2006-01-01
In this paper we study noncommutative black holes. We use a diffeomorphism between the Schwarzschild black hole and the Kantowski-Sachs cosmological model, which is generalized to noncommutative minisuperspace. Through the use of the Feynman-Hibbs procedure we are able to study the thermodynamics of the black hole, in particular, we calculate the Hawking's temperature and entropy for the noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole.
Fluctuating Black Hole Horizons
Mei, Jianwei
2013-01-01
In this paper we treat the black hole horizon as a physical boundary to the spacetime and study its dynamics following from the Gibbons-Hawking-York boundary term. Using the Kerr black hole as an example we derive an effective action that describes, in the large wave number limit, a massless Klein-Gordon field living on the average location of the boundary. Complete solutions can be found in the small rotation limit of the black hole. The formulation suggests that the boundary can be treated in the same way as any other matter contributions. In particular, the angular momentum of the boundary matches exactly with that of the black hole, suggesting an interesting possibility that all charges (including the entropy) of the black hole are carried by the boundary. Using this as input, we derive predictions on the Planck scale properties of the boundary.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this article we will find the entropy of a scalar field in the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole backgrounds using the brick wall model of t' Hooft. We will use the semi-classical WKB approximation. We will consider the modes which are globally stationary so that the WKB quantization rule used in the brick wall model remains valid. In the Schwarzschild black hole this consideration had led to a new expression of the entropy different from the conventional expression which is inversely divergent in the brick wall cut-off parameter and in terms of a proper distance cut-off parameter, is proportional to the area of the event horizon. The new expression of the scalar field entropy obtained in this article is logarithmically divergent in the brick wall cut-off parameter and is not proportional to the area of the black hole event horizon. For the extremal Reissner-Nordstrom black hole background the entropy of the scalar field is again divergent in the brick wall cut-off parameter and vanishes if the temperature of the Hawking radiation and the black hole is taken to be zero. We will next consider the entropy for a thin shell of matter field surrounding the black hole horizon. When expressed in terms of a covariant cut-off parameter, the entropy of a thin shell of matter field surrounding the horizon in the non-extreme Reissner-Nordstrom black hole background is given by an expression proportional to the area of the black hole horizon. We will briefly explain the significance of this result.
Supersymmetric black holes in string theory
Mohaupt, T.
2007-01-01
We review recent developments concerning supersymmetric black holes in string theory. After a general introduction to the laws of black hole mechanics and to black hole entropy in string theory, we discuss black hole solutions in N=2 supergravity, special geometry, the black hole attractor equations and the underlying variational principle. Special attention is payed to the crucial role of higher derivative corrections. Finally we discuss black hole partition functions and their relation to t...
Noncommutative scalar quasinormal modes and quantization of entropy of a BTZ black hole
Gupta, Kumar; Harikumar, E.; Jurić, Tajron; Meljanac, Stjepan; Samsarov, Andjelo
2015-01-01
We obtain an exact analytic expression for the quasinormal modes of a non-commutative massless scalar field in the background of a massive spinless BTZ black hole up to the first order in the deformation parameter. We also show that the equations of motion governing these quasinormal modes are identical in form to the equations of motion of a commutative massive scalar field in the background of a fictitious massive spinning BTZ black hole. This results hints at a duality between the commutat...
Black Hole Entropy and Superconformal Field Theories on Brane-Antibrane Systems
Halyo, E
2004-01-01
We obtain the enropy of Schwarzschild and charged black holes in D>4 from superconformal gases that live on p=10-D dimensional brane-antibrane systems wrapped on T^p. The preperties of the strongly coupled superconformal theories such as the appearance of hidden dimensions (for p=1,4) and fractional strings (for p=5) are crucial for our results. In all cases, the Schwarzschild radius is given by the transverse fluctuations of the branes and antibranes due to the finite temperature. We show that our results can be generalized to multicharged black holes.
Towards a Theory of Quantum Black Hole
Berezin, V.
2001-01-01
We describe some specific quantum black hole model. It is pointed out that the origin of a black hole entropy is the very process of quantum gravitational collapse. The quantum black hole mass spectrum is extracted from the mass spectrum of the gravitating source. The classical analog of quantum black hole is constructed.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
General consensus on the nature of the degrees of freedom responsible for the black hole entropy remains elusive despite decades of effort dedicated to the problem. Different approaches to quantum gravity disagree in their description of the microstates and, more significantly, in the statistics used to count them. In some approaches (string theory, AdS/CFT) the elementary degrees of freedom are indistinguishable, whereas they must be treated as distinguishable in other approaches to quantum gravity (eg., LQG) in order to recover the Bekenstein-Hawking area-entropy law. However, different statistics will imply different behaviors of the black hole outside the thermodynamic limit. We illustrate this point by quantizing the Bañados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole, for which we argue that Bose condensation will occur leading to a cold, stable remnant
Vaz, Cenalo; Wijewardhana, L. C. R.
2013-12-01
General consensus on the nature of the degrees of freedom responsible for the black hole entropy remains elusive despite decades of effort dedicated to the problem. Different approaches to quantum gravity disagree in their description of the microstates and, more significantly, in the statistics used to count them. In some approaches (string theory, AdS/CFT) the elementary degrees of freedom are indistinguishable, whereas they must be treated as distinguishable in other approaches to quantum gravity (eg., LQG) in order to recover the Bekenstein-Hawking area-entropy law. However, different statistics will imply different behaviors of the black hole outside the thermodynamic limit. We illustrate this point by quantizing the Bañados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole, for which we argue that Bose condensation will occur leading to a "cold", stable remnant.
Ordonez, Carlos
2010-10-01
A review and the latest results on the near-horizon expansion (conformal) approach to `t Hooft's brick-wall model calculation of Black Hole entropy developed recently by the speaker and his collaborators will be given in this talk. With mainly a graduate student audience in mind, the seminar will be pedagogical in nature, with emphasis on the ideas and logic of the methods and the insights gained with this approach more than on details. If time permits, possible future directions will also be mentioned.
Black hole collapse and democratic models
Jansen, Aron
2016-01-01
We study the evolution of black hole entropy and temperature in collapse scenarios, finding three generic lessons. First, entropy evolution is extensive. Second, at large times, entropy and temperature ring with twice the frequency of the lowest quasinormal mode. Third, the entropy oscillations saturate black hole area theorems in general relativity. The first two features are characteristic of entanglement dynamics in `democratic' models. Solely based on general relativity and Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formula, our results point to democratic models as microscopic theories of black holes. The third feature can be taken as a prediction for democratic models coming from black hole physics.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
's research councils have yet to put any real money behind these ideas. Black holes are best described by the general theory of relativity. However, general relativity is a classical theory of gravity, and although its predictions have been verified in many experiments, a quantum theory of gravity remains one of the holy grails of physics. One of the first physicists to make real progress in this quest to reconcile general relativity and quantum mechanics was Stephen Hawking. In 1974 Hawking calculated what would happen if a quantum fluctuation occurred near an event horizon. He concluded that the black hole would radiate, and that the amount of radiation would be inversely proportional to the mass of the black hole. However, black holes tend to be very heavy, so their output of Hawking radiation would be too low to detect experimentally. One intriguing exception could be much smaller primordial black holes created in the big bang: these should radiate observable amounts of gamma rays, but they have not been detected yet. This whole body of work - in which thermodynamic concepts such as temperature and entropy are also associated with the black hole - is Hawking's major achievement in physics. The detection of Hawking radiation is the ultimate goal of experiments on artificial black holes, although a lot of theoretical and experimental work has to be done first. The successful experiment is likely to involve a flowing Bose-Einstein condensate or a medium in which the speed of light can be reduced to zero. After years of groundwork, physicists have recently made rapid progress in both these fields. Meanwhile, the recent observation of neutrons in discrete quantum states in a gravitational potential shows that quantum gravity effects can be seen in the laboratory. All that is needed now is an act of faith. (U.K.)
Phase transition and entropy inequality of noncommutative black holes in a new extended phase space
Miao, Yan-Gang; Xu, Zhen-Ming
2016-01-01
We analyze the thermodynamics of the noncommutative high-dimensional Schwarzschild-Tangherlini AdS black hole with the non-Gaussian smeared matter distribution by regarding a noncommutative parameter as an independent thermodynamic variable named as {\\em the noncommutative pressure}. In the new extended phase space that includes this noncommutative pressure and its conjugate variable, we reveal that the noncommutative pressure and the original thermodynamic pressure related to the negative co...
Black hole thermodynamics from decoherence
Guo, Xiao-Kan
2015-01-01
We present an approach to the four laws of black hole thermodynamics by utilizing the thermodynamics of quantum coherence. Firstly, Hawking effect is attributed to the decoherence of the two-mode squeezed state in a black hole spacetime. Then use is made of the relative entropy between undecohered and decohered squeezed states whose monotonicity gives the zeroth and the second law, while the first law can be obtained either by the vanishing of the first derivative of relative entropy or by st...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The black hole information paradox forces us into a strange situation: we must find a way to break the semiclassical approximation in a domain where no quantum gravity effects would normally be expected. Traditional quantizations of gravity do not exhibit any such breakdown, and this forces us into a difficult corner: either we must give up quantum mechanics or we must accept the existence of troublesome ‘remnants’. In string theory, however, the fundamental quanta are extended objects, and it turns out that the bound states of such objects acquire a size that grows with the number of quanta in the bound state. The interior of the black hole gets completely altered to a ‘fuzzball’ structure, and information is able to escape in radiation from the hole. The semiclassical approximation can break at macroscopic scales due to the large entropy of the hole: the measure in the path integral competes with the classical action, instead of giving a subleading correction. Putting this picture of black hole microstates together with ideas about entangled states leads to a natural set of conjectures on many long-standing questions in gravity: the significance of Rindler and de Sitter entropies, the notion of black hole complementarity, and the fate of an observer falling into a black hole. - Highlights: ► The information paradox is a serious problem. ► To solve it we need to find ‘hair’ on black holes. ► In string theory we find ‘hair’ by the fuzzball construction. ► Fuzzballs help to resolve many other issues in gravity.
Visser, M
1999-01-01
Acoustic propagation in a moving fluid provides a conceptually clean and powerful analogy for understanding black hole physics. As a teaching tool, the analogy is useful for introducing students to both General Relativity and fluid mechanics. As a research tool, the analogy helps clarify what aspects of the physics are kinematics and what aspects are dynamics. In particular, Hawking radiation is a purely kinematical effect, whereas black hole entropy is intrinsically dynamical. Finally, I discuss the fact that with present technology acoustic Hawking radiation is almost experimentally testable.
Regular black hole in three dimensions
Myung, Yun Soo; Yoon, Myungseok
2008-01-01
We find a new black hole in three dimensional anti-de Sitter space by introducing an anisotropic perfect fluid inspired by the noncommutative black hole. This is a regular black hole with two horizons. We compare thermodynamics of this black hole with that of non-rotating BTZ black hole. The first-law of thermodynamics is not compatible with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy.
Regular black hole in three dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We find a new black hole in three-dimensional anti-de Sitter space by introducing an anisotropic perfect fluid inspired by the noncommutative black hole. This is a regular black hole with two horizons. We compare the thermodynamics of this black hole with that of a non-rotating BTZ black hole. The first-law of thermodynamics is not compatible with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. (orig.)
Regular black hole in three dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Myung, Yun Soo [Inje University, Institute of Basic Science and School of Computer Aided Science, Gimhae (Korea); Yoon, Myungseok [Sogang University, Center for Quantum Spacetime, Seoul (Korea)
2009-07-15
We find a new black hole in three-dimensional anti-de Sitter space by introducing an anisotropic perfect fluid inspired by the noncommutative black hole. This is a regular black hole with two horizons. We compare the thermodynamics of this black hole with that of a non-rotating BTZ black hole. The first-law of thermodynamics is not compatible with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present a new “universal property” of entropy, that is the “entropy sum” relation of black holes in four dimensional (anti-)de-Sitter asymptotical background. They depend only on the cosmological constant with the necessary effect of the un-physical “virtual” horizon included in the spacetime where only the cosmological constant, mass of black hole, rotation parameter and Maxwell field exist. When there is more extra matter field in the spacetime, one will find the “entropy sum” is also dependent of the strength of these extra matter field. For both cases, we conclude that the “entropy sum” does not depend on the conserved charges M, Q and J, while it does depend on the property of background spacetime. We will mainly test the “entropy sum” relation in static, stationary black hole and some black hole with extra matter source (scalar hair and higher curvature) in the asymptotical (anti-)de-sitter spacetime background. Besides, we point out a newly found counter example of the mass independence of the ”entropy product” relation in the spacetime with extra scalar hair case, while the “entropy sum” relation still holds. These result are indeed suggestive to some underlying microscopic mechanism. Moreover, the cosmological constant and extra matter field dependence of the “entropy sum” of all horizon seems to reveal that “entropy sum” is more general as it is only related to the background field. For the case of asymptotical flat spacetime without any matter source, we give a note for the Kerr black hole case in appendix. One will find only mass dependence of “entropy sum” appears. It makes us believe that, considering the dependence of “entropy sum”, the mass background field may be regarded as the next order of cosmological constant background field and extra matter field. However, fully explaining the relationship between the “entropy sum” relation and background properties still requires further exploration
Tanaka, Sho
2014-01-01
In confrontation with serious and fundamental problems towards ultimate theory of quantum gravity and physics of Planck scale, we emphasize the importance of underlying noncommutative space-time such as Snyder's or Yang's Lorentz-covariant quantized space-time. The background of Bekenstein-Hawking's Area-entropy law and Holographic principle is now substantially understood in terms of {\\it Kinematical} Holographic Relation [KHR], which holds in Yang's quantized space-time as the result of the kinematical reduction of spatial degrees of freedom caused by its own nature of noncommutative geometry. [KHR] implies a definite proportional relation, $ n^L_{\\rm dof} (V_d^L)= {\\cal A} (V_d^L) / G_d$, between the number of spatial degrees of freedom $n^L_{\\rm dof} (V_d^L)$ inside of any $d-$dimensional spherical volume $V_d^L$ with radius $L $ and its boundary area ${\\cal A} (V_d^L).$ It provides a substantial basis for our new area-entropy law of black hole and further enables us to connect "The First Law of Black Hol...
Statistical Hair on Black Holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Bekenstein-Hawking entropy for certain BPS-saturated black holes in string theory has recently been derived by counting internal black hole microstates at weak coupling. We argue that the black hole microstate can be measured by interference experiments even in the strong coupling region where there is clearly an event horizon. Extracting information which is naively behind the event horizon is possible due to the existence of statistical quantum hair carried by the black hole. This quantum hair arises from the arbitrarily large number of discrete gauge symmetries present in string theory. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society
Thermodynamics of Accelerating Black Holes
Appels, Michael; Kubiznak, David
2016-01-01
We address a long-standing problem of describing the thermodynamics of a charged accelerating black hole. We derive a standard first law of black hole thermodynamics, with the usual identification of entropy proportional to the area of the event horizon -- even though the event horizon contains a conical singularity. This result not only extends the applicability of black hole thermodynamics to realms previously not anticipated, it also opens a possibility for studying novel properties of an important class of exact radiative solutions of Einstein equations describing accelerated objects. We discuss the thermodynamic volume, stability and phase structure of these black holes.
Quantum strings and black holes
Damour, Thibault Marie Alban Guillaume
2001-01-01
The transition between (non supersymmetric) quantum string states and Schwarzschild black holes is discussed. This transition occurs when the string coupling $g^2$ (which determines Newton's constant) increases beyond a certain critical value $g_c^2$. We review a calculation showing that self-gravity causes a typical string state of mass $M$ to shrink, as the string coupling $g^2$ increases, down to a compact string state whose mass, size, entropy and luminosity match (for the critical value $g_c^2 \\sim (M \\sqrt{\\alpha'})^{-1}$) those of a Schwarzschild black hole. This confirms the idea (proposed by several authors) that the entropy of black holes can be accounted for by counting string states. The level spacing of the quantum states of Schwarzschild black holes is expected to be exponentially smaller than their radiative width. This makes it very difficult to conceive (even Gedanken) experiments probing the discreteness of the quantum energy levels of black holes.
Noncommutative black hole thermodynamics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We give a general derivation, for any static spherically symmetric metric, of the relation Th=(K/2π) connecting the black hole temperature (Th) with the surface gravity (K), following the tunneling interpretation of Hawking radiation. This derivation is valid even beyond the semi-classical regime, i.e. when quantum effects are not negligible. The formalism is then applied to a spherically symmetric, stationary noncommutative Schwarzschild space-time. The effects of backreaction are also included. For such a black hole the Hawking temperature is computed in a closed form. A graphical analysis reveals interesting features regarding the variation of the Hawking temperature (including corrections due to noncommutativity and backreaction) with the small radius of the black hole. The entropy and tunneling rate valid for the leading order in the noncommutative parameter are calculated. We also show that the noncommutative Bekenstein-Hawking area law has the same functional form as the usual one
Bastos, C; Dias, N C; Prata, J N
2010-01-01
One considers phase-space noncommutativity in the context of a Kantowski-Sachs cosmological model to study the interior of a Schwarzschild black hole. It is shown that the potential function of the corresponding quantum cosmology problem has a local minimum. One deduces the thermodynamics and show that the Hawking temperature and entropy exhibit an explicit dependence on the momentum noncommutativity regime and it is shown that the wave function vanishes in this limit.
Black hole collapse and democratic models
Jansen, Aron; Magan, Javier M.
2016-01-01
We study the evolution of black hole entropy and temperature in collapse scenarios, finding three generic lessons. First, entropy evolution is extensive. Second, at large times, entropy and temperature ring with twice the frequency of the lowest quasinormal mode. Third, the entropy oscillations saturate black hole area theorems in general relativity. The first two features are characteristic of entanglement dynamics in `democratic' models. Solely based on general relativity and Bekenstein-Haw...
Extremal black holes in N=2 supergravity
Katmadas, S.
2011-01-01
An explanation for the entropy of black holes has been an outstanding problem in recent decades. A special case where this is possible is that of extremal black holes in N=2 supergravity in four and five dimensions. The best developed case is for black holes preserving some supersymmetry (BPS), whic
Can Black Hole Relax Unitarily?
Solodukhin, S N
2004-01-01
We review the way the BTZ black hole relaxes back to thermal equilibrium after a small perturbation and how it is seen in the boundary (finite volume) CFT. The unitarity requires the relaxation to be quasi-periodic. It is preserved in the CFT but is not obvious in the case of the semiclassical black hole the relaxation of which is driven by complex quasi-normal modes. We discuss two ways of modifying the semiclassical black hole geometry to maintain unitarity: the (fractal) brick wall and the worm-hole modification. In the latter case the entropy comes out correctly as well.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Black hole (BH) area quantization may be the key to unlocking a unifying theory of quantum gravity (QG). Surmounting evidence in the field of BH research continues to support a horizon (surface) area with a discrete and uniformly spaced spectrum, but there is still no general agreement on the level spacing. In the specialized and important BH case study, our objective is to report and examine the pertinent groundbreaking work of the strictly thermal and nonstrictly thermal spectrum level spacing of the BH horizon area quantization with included entropy calculations, which aims to tackle this gigantic problem. In particular, such work exemplifies a series of imperative corrections that eventually permits a BH’s horizon area spectrum to be generalized from strictly thermal to nonstrictly thermal with entropy results, thereby capturing multiple preceding developments by launching an effective unification between them. Moreover, the results are significant because quasi-normal modes (QNM) and “effective states” characterize the transitions between the established levels of the nonstrictly thermal spectrum
Voros product and noncommutative inspired black holes
Gangopadhyay, Sunandan
2013-01-01
We emphasize the importance of the Voros product in defining noncommutative inspired black holes. The computation of entropy for both the noncommutative inspired Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black holes show that the area law holds upto order $\\frac{1}{\\sqrt{\\theta}}e^{-M^2/\\theta}$. The leading correction to the entropy (computed in the tunneling formalism) is shown to be logarithmic. The Komar energy $E$ for these black holes is then obtained and a deviation from the standard id...
Thermodynamic Metrics and Black Hole Physics
Åman, Jan; Pidokrajt, Narit
2015-01-01
We give a brief survey of thermodynamic metrics, in particular the Hessian of the entropy function, and how they apply to black hole thermodynamics. We then provide a detailed discussion of the Gibbs surface of Kerr black holes. In particular we analyze its global properties, and extend it to take the entropy of the inner horizon into account. A brief discussion of Kerr-Newman black holes is included.
Dominis Prester, Predrag; Terzić, Tomislav
2008-12-01
We calculate near-horizon solutions for four-dimensional 4-charge and five-dimensional 3-charge black holes in heterotic string theory from the part of the ten-dimensional tree-level effective action which is connected to gravitational Chern-Simons term by supersymmetry. We obtain that the entropies of large black holes exactly match the α'-exact statistical entropies obtained from microstate counting (D = 4) and AdS/CFT correspondence (D = 5). Especially interesting is that we obtain agreement for both BPS and non-BPS black holes, contrary to the case of R2-truncated (four-derivative) actions (D-dimensional Script N = 2 off-shell supersymmetric or Gauss-Bonnet) were used, which give the entropies agreeing (at best) just for BPS black holes. The key property of the solutions, which enabled us to tackle the action containing infinite number of terms, is vanishing of the Riemann tensor bar RMNPQ obtained from torsional connection defined with barGamma = Γ-½H. Moreover, if every monomial of the remaining part of the effective action would contain at least two Riemanns bar RMNPQ, it would trivially follow that our solutions are exact solutions of the full heterotic effective action in D = 10. The above conjecture, which appeared (in this or stronger form) from time to time in the literature, has controversial status, but is supported by the most recent calculations of Richards (arXiv:0807.3453 [hep-th]). Agreement of our results for the entropies with the microscopic ones supports the conjecture. As for small black holes, our solutions in D = 5 still have singular horizons.
Black hole thermodynamics from decoherence
Guo, Xiao-Kan
2015-01-01
We present an approach to the four laws of black hole thermodynamics by utilizing the thermodynamics of quantum coherence. Firstly, Hawking effect is attributed to the decoherence of the two-mode squeezed state in a black hole spacetime. Then use is made of the relative entropy between undecohered and decohered squeezed states whose monotonicity gives the zeroth and the second law, while the first law can be obtained either by the vanishing of the first derivative of relative entropy or by studying the effective thermal model generated by the modular Hamiltonian. Futhermore, information-theoretic arguments give a Planck's form of the third law of black hole thermodynamics. With this approach we can understand the laboratory analogues of black holes solely by quantum theory. This approach also opens a way to reconstruct classical geometry from quantum gravity.
Modified dispersion relations and black hole physics
Ling, Yi; Hu, Bo; Li, Xiang
2005-01-01
A modified formulation of energy-momentum relation is proposed in the context of doubly special relativity. We investigate its impact on black hole physics. It turns out that such modification will give corrections to both the temperature and the entropy of black holes. In particular this modified dispersion relation also changes the picture of Hawking radiation greatly when the size of black holes approaching the Planck scale. It can prevent black holes from total evaporation, as a result pr...
Implementing black hole as efficient power plant
Wei, Shao-Wen; Liu, Yu-Xiao
2016-01-01
Treating the black hole molecules as working substance and considering its phase structure, we study the black hole heat engine by a charged anti-de Sitter black hole. In the reduced temperature-entropy chart, it is found that the work, heat, and efficiency of the engine are independent of the black hole charge. Applying the Rankine cycle with or without a back pressure mechanism to the black hole heat engine, the efficiency is numerically solved. The result shows that the black hole engine w...
Thermal corpuscular black holes
Casadio, Roberto; Giugno, Andrea; Orlandi, Alessio
2015-06-01
We study the corpuscular model of an evaporating black hole consisting of a specific quantum state for a large number N of self-confined bosons. The single-particle spectrum contains a discrete ground state of energy m (corresponding to toy gravitons forming the black hole), and a gapless continuous spectrum (to accommodate for the Hawking radiation with energy ω >m ). Each constituent is in a superposition of the ground state and a Planckian distribution at the expected Hawking temperature in the continuum. We first find that, assuming the Hawking radiation is the leading effect of the internal scatterings, the corresponding N -particle state can be collectively described by a single-particle wave function given by a superposition of a total ground state with energy M =N m and a Planckian distribution for E >M at the same Hawking temperature. From this collective state, we compute the partition function and obtain an entropy which reproduces the usual area law with a logarithmic correction precisely related with the Hawking component. By means of the horizon wave function for the system, we finally show the backreaction of modes with ω >m reduces the Hawking flux. Both corrections, to the entropy and to the Hawking flux, suggest the evaporation properly stops for vanishing mass, if the black hole is in this particular quantum state.
Myers, R C
2001-01-01
This is a short summary of my lectures given at the Fourth Mexican School on Gravitation and Mathematical Physics. These lectures gave a brief introduction to black holes in string theory, in which I primarily focussed on describing some of the recent calculations of black hole entropy using the statistical mechanics of D-brane states. The following overview will also provide the interested students with an introduction to the relevant literature.
Frampton, Paul H.
2009-01-01
While the energy of the universe has been established to be about 0.04 baryons, 0.24 dark matter and 0.72 dark energy, the cosmological entropy is almost entirely, about $(1 - 10^{-15})$, from black holes and only $10^{-15}$ from everything else. This identification of all dark matter as black holes is natural in statistical mechanics. Cosmological history of dark matter is discussed.
Entanglement entropy and mutual information production rates in acoustic black holes.
Giovanazzi, Stefano
2011-01-01
A method to investigate acoustic Hawking radiation is proposed, where entanglement entropy and mutual information are measured from the fluctuations of the number of particles. The rate of entropy radiated per one-dimensional (1D) channel is given by S=κ/12, where κ is the sound acceleration on the sonic horizon. This entropy production is accompanied by a corresponding formation of mutual information to ensure the overall conservation of information. The predictions are confirmed using an ab initio analytical approach in transonic flows of 1D degenerate ideal Fermi fluids. PMID:21231730
Comments on Black Holes in Matrix Theory
Horowitz, Gary T.; Martinec, Emil J.
1997-01-01
The recent suggestion that the entropy of Schwarzschild black holes can be computed in matrix theory using near-extremal D-brane thermodynamics is examined. It is found that the regime in which this approach is valid actually describes black strings stretched across the longitudinal direction, near the transition where black strings become unstable to the formation of black holes. It is argued that the appropriate dynamics on the other (black hole) side of the transition is that of the zero m...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
2002-02-01
instance, the UK's research councils have yet to put any real money behind these ideas. Black holes are best described by the general theory of relativity. However, general relativity is a classical theory of gravity, and although its predictions have been verified in many experiments, a quantum theory of gravity remains one of the holy grails of physics. One of the first physicists to make real progress in this quest to reconcile general relativity and quantum mechanics was Stephen Hawking. In 1974 Hawking calculated what would happen if a quantum fluctuation occurred near an event horizon. He concluded that the black hole would radiate, and that the amount of radiation would be inversely proportional to the mass of the black hole. However, black holes tend to be very heavy, so their output of Hawking radiation would be too low to detect experimentally. One intriguing exception could be much smaller primordial black holes created in the big bang: these should radiate observable amounts of gamma rays, but they have not been detected yet. This whole body of work - in which thermodynamic concepts such as temperature and entropy are also associated with the black hole - is Hawking's major achievement in physics. The detection of Hawking radiation is the ultimate goal of experiments on artificial black holes, although a lot of theoretical and experimental work has to be done first. The successful experiment is likely to involve a flowing Bose-Einstein condensate or a medium in which the speed of light can be reduced to zero. After years of groundwork, physicists have recently made rapid progress in both these fields. Meanwhile, the recent observation of neutrons in discrete quantum states in a gravitational potential shows that quantum gravity effects can be seen in the laboratory. All that is needed now is an act of faith. (U.K.)
Thermodynamics of Lifshitz black holes
Devecioǧlu, Deniz Olgu; Sarıoǧlu, Özgür
2011-06-01
We apply the recently extended conserved Killing charge definition of Abbott-Deser-Tekin formalism to compute, for the first time, the energies of analytic Lifshitz black holes in higher dimensions. We then calculate the temperature and the entropy of this large family of solutions, and study and discuss the first law of black hole thermodynamics. Along the way we also identify the possible critical points of the relevant quadratic curvature gravity theories. Separately, we also apply the generalized Killing charge definition to compute the energy and the angular momentum of the warped AdS3 black hole solution of the three-dimensional new massive gravity theory.
Critelli, Renato; Finazzo, Stefano I; Noronha, Jorge
2016-01-01
We investigate the temperature and magnetic field dependence of the Polyakov loop and heavy quark entropy in a bottom-up Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton (EMD) holographic model for the strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma (QGP) that quantitatively matches lattice data for the $(2+1)$-flavor QCD equation of state at finite magnetic field and physical quark masses. We compare the holographic EMD model results for the Polyakov loop at zero and nonzero magnetic fields and the heavy quark entropy at vanishing magnetic field with the latest lattice data available for these observables and find good agreement for temperatures $T\\gtrsim 150$ MeV and magnetic fields $eB\\lesssim 1$ GeV$^2$. Predictions for the behavior of the heavy quark entropy at nonzero magnetic fields are made that could be readily tested on the lattice.
Entropy of a charged black hole in two dimensions without cutoff
Kim, Wontae; Kim, Yong-Wan; Park, Young-Jai
2007-01-01
By introducing the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) on quantum density states, we newly obtain a consistent entropy of a scalar field on the (1+1)-dimensional Maxwell-dilaton background without an artificial cutoff in contrast to the results of the brick wall model, which depend on the choice of the Hawking temperature for the extremal case.
Are black holes totally black?
Grib, A A
2014-01-01
Geodesic completeness needs existence near the horizon of the black hole of "white hole" geodesics coming from the region inside of the horizon. Here we give the classification of all such geodesics with the energies $E/m \\le 1$ for the Schwarzschild and Kerr's black hole. The collisions of particles moving along the "white hole" geodesics with those moving along "black hole" geodesics are considered. Formulas for the increase of the energy of collision in the centre of mass frame are obtained and the possibility of observation of high energy particles arriving from the black hole to the Earth is discussed.
From Schwinger Balls to Black Holes
Allahbakhshi, Davood
2016-01-01
We have shown intriguing similarities between Schwinger balls and black holes. By considering black hole as a gravitational Schwinger ball, we have derived the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy and the first law of black hole thermodynamics as a direct result of the inverse area dependence of the gravitational force. It is also shown that the Planck length is nothing but the gravitational Schwinger length. The relation between the mass and the radius of the black hole is derived by considering the black hole as a Schwinger ball of gravitons. We show how the evolution of the entanglement entropy of the black hole, as Page introduced many years ago, can be obtained by including gravitons in the black hole's evaporation process and using a deformed EPR mechanism. Also this deformed EPR mechanism can solve the information paradox. We show how naive simultaneous usage of Page's argument and equivalence principle leads to firewall problem.
5D Black Holes and Matrix Strings
Dijkgraaf, R.; Verlinde, E.; Verlinde, H.
1997-01-01
We derive the world-volume theory, the (non)-extremal entropy and background geometry of black holes and black strings constructed out of the NS IIA fivebrane within the framework of matrix theory. The CFT description of strings propagating in the black hole geometry arises as an effective field theory.
Bastos, C.; Bertolami, O.; Dias, N. C.; Prata, J. N.
2010-04-01
One considers phase-space noncommutativity in the context of a Kantowski-Sachs cosmological model to study the interior of a Schwarzschild black hole. It is shown that the potential function of the corresponding quantum cosmology problem has a local minimum. One deduces the thermodynamics and show that the Hawking temperature and entropy exhibit an explicit dependence on the momentum noncommutativity parameter, η. Furthermore, the t = r = 0 singularity is analysed in the noncommutative regime and it is shown that the wave function vanishes in this limit.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bastos, C; Bertolami, O [Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Dias, N C; Prata, J N, E-mail: cbastos@fisica.ist.utl.p, E-mail: orfeu@cosmos.ist.utl.p, E-mail: ncdias@mail.telepac.p, E-mail: joao.prata@mail.telepac.p [Departamento de Matematica, Universidade Lusofona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Avenida Campo Grande, 376, 1749-024 Lisboa (Portugal)
2010-04-01
One considers phase-space noncommutativity in the context of a Kantowski-Sachs cosmological model to study the interior of a Schwarzschild black hole. It is shown that the potential function of the corresponding quantum cosmology problem has a local minimum. One deduces the thermodynamics and show that the Hawking temperature and entropy exhibit an explicit dependence on the momentum noncommutativity parameter, {eta}. Furthermore, the t = r = 0 singularity is analysed in the noncommutative regime and it is shown that the wave function vanishes in this limit.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
One considers phase-space noncommutativity in the context of a Kantowski-Sachs cosmological model to study the interior of a Schwarzschild black hole. It is shown that the potential function of the corresponding quantum cosmology problem has a local minimum. One deduces the thermodynamics and show that the Hawking temperature and entropy exhibit an explicit dependence on the momentum noncommutativity parameter, η. Furthermore, the t = r = 0 singularity is analysed in the noncommutative regime and it is shown that the wave function vanishes in this limit.
Black hole thermodynamics from Euclidean horizon constraints.
Carlip, S
2007-07-13
To explain black hole thermodynamics in quantum gravity, one must introduce constraints to ensure that a black hole is actually present. I show that for a large class of black holes, such "horizon constraints" allow the use of conformal field theory techniques to compute the density of states, reproducing the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy in a nearly model-independent manner. One standard string theory approach to black hole entropy arises as a special case, lending support to the claim that the mechanism may be "universal." I argue that the relevant degrees of freedom are Goldstone-boson-like excitations arising from the weak breaking of symmetry by the constraints. PMID:17678209
Implementing black hole as efficient power plant
Wei, Shao-Wen
2016-01-01
Treating the black hole molecules as working substance and considering its phase structure, we study the black hole heat engine by a charged anti-de Sitter black hole. In the reduced temperature-entropy chart, it is found that the work, heat, and efficiency of the engine are independent of the black hole charge. Applying the Rankine cycle with or without a back pressure mechanism to the black hole heat engine, the efficiency is numerically solved. The result shows that the black hole engine working along the Rankine cycle with a back pressure mechanism has a higher efficiency. This provides a novel and efficient mechanism to produce the useful mechanical work with black hole, and such heat engine may act as a possible energy source for the high energy astrophysical phenomena near the black hole.
Black hole interior mass formula
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We argue by explicit computations that, although the area product, horizon radii product, entropy product, and irreducible mass product of the event horizon and Cauchy horizon are universal, the surface gravity product, the surface temperature product and the Komar energy product of the said horizons do not seem to be universal for Kerr-Newman black hole spacetimes. We show the black hole mass formula on the Cauchy horizon following the seminal work by Smarr [Phys Rev Lett 30:71 (1973), Phys Rev D 7:289 (1973)] for the outer horizon. We also prescribe the four laws of black hole mechanics for the inner horizon. A new definition of the extremal limit of a black hole is discussed. (orig.)
Nonstationary analogue black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the existence of analogue nonstationary spherically symmetric black holes. The prime example is the acoustic model see Unruh (1981 Phys. Rev. Lett. 46 1351). We consider also a more general class of metrics that could be useful in other physical models of analogue black and white holes. We give examples of the appearance of black holes and of disappearance of white holes. We also discuss the relation between the apparent and the event horizons for the case of analogue black holes. In the end we study the inverse problem of determination of black or white holes by boundary measurements for the spherically symmetric nonstationary metrics. (paper)
Hayward, Sean A.
2008-01-01
This is a review of current theory of black-hole dynamics, concentrating on the framework in terms of trapping horizons. Summaries are given of the history, the classical theory of black holes, the defining ideas of dynamical black holes, the basic laws, conservation laws for energy and angular momentum, other physical quantities and the limit of local equilibrium. Some new material concerns how processes such as black-hole evaporation and coalescence might be described by a single trapping h...
Strominger, Andrew
1993-01-01
The quantum statistics of charged, extremal black holes is investigated beginning with the hypothesis that the quantum state is a functional on the space of closed three-geometries, with each black hole connected to an oppositely charged black hole through a spatial wormhole. From this starting point a simple argument is given that a collection of extremal black holes obeys neither Bose nor Fermi statistics. Rather they obey an exotic variety of particle statistics known as ``infinite statist...
Gao, C. J.; Zhang, S. N.
2006-01-01
The exact solutions of electrically charged phantom black holes with the cosmological constant are constructed. They are labelled by the mass, the electrical charge, the cosmological constant and the coupling constant between the phantom and the Maxwell field. It is found that the phantom has important consequences on the properties of black holes. In particular, the extremal charged phantom black holes can never be achieved and so the third law of thermodynamics for black holes still holds. ...
Quantum Evaporation of Liouville Black Holes
Mann, R. B.
1993-01-01
The classical field equations of a Liouville field coupled to gravity in two spacetime dimensions are shown to have black hole solutions. Exact solutions are also obtained when quantum corrections due to back reaction effects are included, modifying both the ADM mass and the black hole entropy. The thermodynamic limit breaks down before evaporation of the black hole is complete, indicating that higher-loop effects must be included for a full description of the process. A scenario for the fina...
Better Late than Never: Information Retrieval from Black Holes
Braunstein, Sam; Pirandola, Stefano; Zyczkowski, Karol
2009-01-01
We show that, in order to preserve the equivalence principle until late times in unitarily evaporating black holes, the thermodynamic entropy of a black hole must be primarily entropy of entanglement across the event horizon. For such black holes, we show that the information entering a black hole becomes encoded in correlations within a tripartite quantum state, the quantum analogue of a one-time pad, and is only decoded into the outgoing radiation very late in the evaporation. This behavior...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Roberto Casadio
2015-10-01
Full Text Available We review some features of Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC models of black holes obtained by means of the horizon wave function formalism. We consider the Klein–Gordon equation for a toy graviton field coupled to a static matter current in a spherically-symmetric setup. The classical field reproduces the Newtonian potential generated by the matter source, while the corresponding quantum state is given by a coherent superposition of scalar modes with a continuous occupation number. An attractive self-interaction is needed for bound states to form, the case in which one finds that (approximately one mode is allowed, and the system of N bosons can be self-confined in a volume of the size of the Schwarzschild radius. The horizon wave function formalism is then used to show that the radius of such a system corresponds to a proper horizon. The uncertainty in the size of the horizon is related to the typical energy of Hawking modes: it decreases with the increasing of the black hole mass (larger number of gravitons, resulting in agreement with the semiclassical calculations and which does not hold for a single very massive particle. The spectrum of these systems has two components: a discrete ground state of energy m (the bosons forming the black hole and a continuous spectrum with energy ω > m (representing the Hawking radiation and modeled with a Planckian distribution at the expected Hawking temperature. Assuming the main effect of the internal scatterings is the Hawking radiation, the N-particle state can be collectively described by a single-particle wave-function given by a superposition of a total ground state with energy M = Nm and Entropy 2015, 17 6894 a Planckian distribution for E > M at the same Hawking temperature. This can be used to compute the partition function and to find the usual area law for the entropy, with a logarithmic correction related to the Hawking component. The backreaction of modes with ω > m is also shown to reduce
Zhang, Tianxi
2014-06-01
The black hole universe model is a multiverse model of cosmology recently developed by the speaker. According to this new model, our universe is a fully grown extremely supermassive black hole, which originated from a hot star-like black hole with several solar masses, and gradually grew up from a supermassive black hole with million to billion solar masses to the present state with trillion-trillion solar masses by accreting ambient matter or merging with other black holes. The entire space is structured with infinite layers or universes hierarchically. The innermost three layers include the universe that we live, the inside star-like and supermassive black holes called child universes, and the outside space called mother universe. The outermost layer is infinite in mass, radius, and entropy without an edge and limits to zero for both the matter density and absolute temperature. All layers are governed by the same physics and tend to expand physically in one direction (outward or the direction of increasing entropy). The expansion of a black hole universe decreases its density and temperature but does not alter the laws of physics. The black hole universe evolves iteratively and endlessly without a beginning. When one universe expands out, a new similar one is formed from inside star-like and supermassive black holes. In each of iterations, elements are resynthesized, matter is reconfigurated, and the universe is renewed rather than a simple repeat. The black hole universe is consistent with the Mach principle, observations, and Einsteinian general relativity. It has only one postulate but is able to explain all phenomena occurred in the universe with well-developed physics. The black hole universe does not need dark energy for acceleration and an inflation epoch for flatness, and thus has a devastating impact on the big bang model. In this talk, I will present how this new cosmological model explains the various aspects of the universe, including the origin
Levin, Janna; D'Orazio, Daniel
2016-03-01
Black holes are dark dead stars. Neutron stars are giant magnets. As the neutron star orbits the black hole, an electronic circuit forms that generates a blast of power just before the black hole absorbs the neutron star whole. The black hole battery conceivably would be observable at cosmological distances. Possible channels for luminosity include synchro-curvature radiation, a blazing fireball, or even an unstable, short-lived black hole pulsar. As suggested by Mingarelli, Levin, and Lazio, some fraction of the battery power could also be reprocessed into coherent radio emission to populate a subclass of fast radio bursts.
Casadio, Roberto; Giugno, Andrea; Micu, Octavian; Orlandi, Alessio
2015-10-01
We review some features of BEC models of black holes obtained by means of the HWF formalism. We consider the KG equation for a toy graviton field coupled to a static matter current in spherical symmetry. The classical field reproduces the Newtonian potential generated by the matter source, while the corresponding quantum state is given by a coherent superposition of scalar modes with continuous occupation number. An attractive self-interaction is needed for bound states to form, so that (approximately) one mode is allowed, and the system of N bosons can be self-confined in a volume of the size of the Schwarzschild radius. The HWF is then used to show that the radius of such a system corresponds to a proper horizon. The uncertainty in the size of the horizon is related to the typical energy of Hawking modes: it decreases with the increasing of the black hole mass (larger number of gravitons), in agreement with semiclassical calculations and different from a single very massive particle. The spectrum contains a discrete ground state of energy $m$ (the bosons forming the black hole), and a continuous spectrum with energy $\\omega > m$ (representing the Hawking radiation and modelled with a Planckian distribution at the expected Hawking temperature). The $N$-particle state can be collectively described by a single-particle wave-function given by a superposition of a total ground state with energy $M = N m$ and a Planckian distribution for $E > M$ at the same Hawking temperature. The partition function is then found to yield the usual area law for the entropy, with a logarithmic correction related with the Hawking component. The backreaction of modes with $\\omega > m$ is also shown to reduce the Hawking flux and the evaporation properly stops for vanishing mass.
Thermal corpuscular black holes
Casadio, Roberto; Orlandi, Alessio
2015-01-01
We study the corpuscular model of an evaporating black hole consisting of a specific quantum state for a large number $N$ of self-confined bosons. The single-particle spectrum contains a discrete ground state of energy $m$ (corresponding to toy gravitons forming the black hole), and a gapless continuous spectrum (to accommodate for the Hawking radiation with energy $\\omega>m$). Each constituent is in a superposition of the ground state and a Planckian distribution at the expected Hawking temperature in the continuum. We first find that, assuming the Hawking radiation is the leading effect of the internal scatterings, the corresponding $N$-particle state can be collectively described by a single-particle wave-function given by a superposition of a total ground state with energy $M=N\\,m$ and a Planckian distribution for $E>M$ at the same Hawking temperature. From this collective state, we compute the partition function and obtain an entropy which reproduces the usual area law with a logarithmic correction preci...
Black Hole Thermodynamics Based on Unitary Evolutions
Feng, Yu-Lei
2015-01-01
In this paper, we try to construct black hole thermodynamics based on the fact that, the formation and evaporation of a black hole can be described by quantum unitary evolutions. First, we show that the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy $S_{BH}$ cannot be a Boltzmann or thermal entropy. To confirm this statement, we show that the original black hole's "first law" cannot be treated as the first law of thermodynamics formally, due to some missing metric perturbations caused by matter. Then, by including those (quantum) metric perturbations, we show that the black hole formation and evaporation can be described in a unitary manner effectively, through a quantum channel between the exterior and interior of the event horizon. In this way, the paradoxes of information loss and firewall can be resolved effectively. Finally, we show that black hole thermodynamics can be constructed in an ordinary way, by constructing statistical mechanics.
Voros product and noncommutative inspired black holes
Gangopadhyay, Sunandan
2013-01-01
We emphasize the importance of the Voros product in defining noncommutative inspired black holes. The computation of entropy for both the noncommutative inspired Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black holes show that the area law holds upto order $\\frac{1}{\\sqrt{\\theta}}e^{-M^2/\\theta}$. The leading correction to the entropy (computed in the tunneling formalism) is shown to be logarithmic. The Komar energy $E$ for these black holes is then obtained and a deviation from the standard identity $E=2ST_H$ is found at the order $\\sqrt{\\theta}e^{-M^2/\\theta}$. This deviation leads to a nonvanishing Komar energy at the extremal point $T_{H}=0$ of these black holes. The Smarr formula is finally worked out for the noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole. Similar features also exist for a deSitter--Schwarzschild geometry.
Voros Product and Noncommutative Inspired Black Holes
Gangopadhyay, Sunandan
2013-03-01
We emphasize the importance of the Voros product in defining the noncommutative (NC) inspired black holes. The computation of entropy for both the noncommutative inspired Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordström (RN) black holes show that the area law holds up to order (1)/(√ {θ )}e-M2/θ . The leading correction to the entropy (computed in the tunneling formalism) is shown to be logarithmic. The Komar energy E for these black holes is then obtained and a deviation from the standard identity E = 2STH is found at the order √ {θ }e-M2/θ . This deviation leads to a nonvanishing Komar energy at the extremal point TH = 0 of these black holes. The Smarr formula is finally worked out for the NC Schwarzschild black hole. Similar features also exist for a de Sitter-Schwarzschild geometry.
Scrambling with matrix black holes
Brady, Lucas; Sahakian, Vatche
2013-08-01
If black holes are not to be dreaded sinks of information but rather fully described by unitary evolution, they must scramble in-falling data and eventually leak it through Hawking radiation. Sekino and Susskind have conjectured that black holes are fast scramblers; they generate entanglement at a remarkably efficient rate, with the characteristic time scaling logarithmically with the entropy. In this work, we focus on Matrix theory—M-theory in the light-cone frame—and directly probe the conjecture. We develop a concrete test bed for quantum gravity using the fermionic variables of Matrix theory and show that the problem becomes that of chains of qubits with an intricate network of interactions. We demonstrate that the black hole system evolves much like a Brownian quantum circuit, with strong indications that it is indeed a fast scrambler. We also analyze the Berenstein-Maldacena-Nastase model and reach the same tentative conclusion.
Stimulated Black Hole Evaporation
Spaans, Marco
2016-01-01
Black holes are extreme expressions of gravity. Their existence is predicted by Einstein's theory of general relativity and is supported by observations. Black holes obey quantum mechanics and evaporate spontaneously. Here it is shown that a mass rate $R_f\\sim 3\\times 10^{-8} (M_0/M)^{1/2}$ $M_0$ yr$^{-1}$ onto the horizon of a black hole with mass $M$ (in units of solar mass $M_0$) stimulates a black hole into rapid evaporation. Specifically, $\\sim 3 M_0$ black holes can emit a large fraction of their mass, and explode, in $M/R_f \\sim 3\\times 10^7 (M/M_0)^{3/2}$ yr. These stimulated black holes radiate a spectral line power $P \\sim 2\\times 10^{39} (M_0/M)^{1/2}$ erg s$^{-1}$, at a wavelength $\\lambda \\sim 3\\times 10^5 (M/M_0)$ cm. This prediction can be observationally verified.
Gorini, Vittorio; Moschella, Ugo; Treves, Aldo; Colpi, Monica
2016-01-01
Based on graduate school lectures in contemporary relativity and gravitational physics, this book gives a complete and unified picture of the present status of theoretical and observational properties of astrophysical black holes. The chapters are written by internationally recognized specialists. They cover general theoretical aspects of black hole astrophysics, the theory of accretion and ejection of gas and jets, stellar-sized black holes observed in the Milky Way, the formation and evolution of supermassive black holes in galactic centers and quasars as well as their influence on the dynamics in galactic nuclei. The final chapter addresses analytical relativity of black holes supporting theoretical understanding of the coalescence of black holes as well as being of great relevance in identifying gravitational wave signals. With its introductory chapters the book is aimed at advanced graduate and post-graduate students, but it will also be useful for specialists.
Begelman, Mitchell C
2003-06-20
Black holes are common objects in the universe. Each galaxy contains large numbers-perhaps millions-of stellar-mass black holes, each the remnant of a massive star. In addition, nearly every galaxy contains a supermassive black hole at its center, with a mass ranging from millions to billions of solar masses. This review discusses the demographics of black holes, the ways in which they interact with their environment, factors that may regulate their formation and growth, and progress toward determining whether these objects really warp spacetime as predicted by the general theory of relativity. PMID:12817138
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The quantum statistics of charged, extremal black holes is investigated beginning with the hypothesis that the quantum state is a functional on the space of closed three-geometries, with each black hole connected to an oppositely charged black hole through a spatial wormhole. From this starting point a simple argument is given that a collection of extremal black holes obeys neither Bose nor Fermi statistics. Rather, they obey an exotic variety of particle statistics known as ''infinite statistics'' which resembles that of distinguishable particles and is realized by a q deformation of the quantum commutation relations
Neves, J C S
2015-01-01
In this work, we have deformed regular black holes which possess a general mass term described by a function which generalizes the Bardeen and Hayward mass terms. Using linear constraints in the energy-momentum tensor, the solutions are either regular or singular. That is, with this approach, it is possible to generate singular black holes from regular black holes and vice versa. Moreover, contrary to the Bardeen and Hayward regular solutions, the regular deformed metrics may violate the weak energy condition despite the presence of the spherical symmetry. Some comments on accretion of deformed black holes in cosmological scenarios are made.
White holes and eternal black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate isolated white holes surrounded by vacuum, which correspond to the time reversal of eternal black holes that do not evaporate. We show that isolated white holes produce quasi-thermal Hawking radiation. The time reversal of this radiation, incident on a black hole precursor, constitutes a special preparation that will cause the black hole to become eternal. (paper)
White holes and eternal black holes
Stephen D. H. Hsu
2010-01-01
We investigate isolated white holes surrounded by vacuum, which correspond to the time reversal of eternal black holes that do not evaporate. We show that isolated white holes produce quasi- thermal Hawking radiation. The time reversal of this radiation, incident on a black hole precursor, constitutes a special preparation that will cause the black hole to become eternal.
Introduction to General Relativity and Black Holes (3/5)
CERN. Geneva
2001-01-01
Conceptual foundations of General Relativity (GR). Uniqueness of GR. Mathematical framework: tensor calculus, Riemannian geometry, connection, 'spin' connection, curvature, Cartan's form calculus. Hilbert-Einstein action, Einstein equations. Weak gravitational fields. Post Newtonian Approximation. Gravitanional Waves. Exact solutions. Killing vectors. Experimental tests. Black Holes: extensions of the Schwarzschild solution; Kerr-Newman holes; no-hair theorems; energtics of black holes; the membrane approach; quantum mechanics of black holes; Bekenstein entropy; Hawking temperature; black holes and string theory.
Introduction to General Relativity and Black Holes (5/5)
CERN. Geneva
2001-01-01
Conceptual foundations of General Relativity (GR). Uniqueness of GR. Mathematical framework: tensor calculus, Riemannian geometry, connection, 'spin' connection, curvature, Cartan's form calculus. Hilbert-Einstein action, Einstein equations. Weak gravitational fields. Post Newtonian Approximation. Gravitanional Waves. Exact solutions. Killing vectors. Experimental tests. Black Holes: extensions of the Schwarzschild solution; Kerr-Newman holes; no-hair theorems; energtics of black holes; the membrane approach; quantum mechanics of black holes; Bekenstein entropy; Hawking temperature; black holes and string theory.
Introduction to General Relativity and Black Holes (2/5)
CERN. Geneva
2001-01-01
Conceptual foundations of General Relativity (GR). Uniqueness of GR. Mathematical framework: tensor calculus, Riemannian geometry, connection, 'spin' connection, curvature, Cartan's form calculus. Hilbert-Einstein action, Einstein equations. Weak gravitational fields. Post Newtonian Approximation. Gravitanional Waves. Exact solutions. Killing vectors. Experimental tests. Black Holes: extensions of the Schwarzschild solution; Kerr-Newman holes; no-hair theorems; energtics of black holes; the membrane approach; quantum mechanics of black holes; Bekenstein entropy; Hawking temperature; black holes and string theory.
Introduction to General Relativity and Black Holes (1/5)
CERN. Geneva
2001-01-01
Conceptual foundations of General Relativity (GR). Uniqueness of GR. Mathematical framework: tensor calculus, Riemannian geometry, connection, 'spin' connection, curvature, Cartan's form calculus. Hilbert-Einstein action, Einstein equations. Weak gravitational fields. Post Newtonian Approximation. Gravitanional Waves. Exact solutions. Killing vectors. Experimental tests. Black Holes: extensions of the Schwarzschild solution; Kerr-Newman holes; no-hair theorems; energtics of black holes; the membrane approach; quantum mechanics of black holes; Bekenstein entropy; Hawking temperature; black holes and string theory.
Introduction to General Relativity and Black Holes (4/5)
CERN. Geneva
2001-01-01
Conceptual foundations of General Relativity (GR). Uniqueness of GR. Mathematical framework: tensor calculus, Riemannian geometry, connection, 'spin' connection, curvature, Cartan's form calculus. Hilbert-Einstein action, Einstein equations. Weak gravitational fields. Post Newtonian Approximation. Gravitanional Waves. Exact solutions. Killing vectors. Experimental tests. Black Holes: extensions of the Schwarzschild solution; Kerr-Newman holes; no-hair theorems; energtics of black holes; the membrane approach; quantum mechanics of black holes; Bekenstein entropy; Hawking temperature; black holes and string theory.
Black hole chemistry: thermodynamics with Lambda
Kubiznak, David; Teo, Mae
2016-01-01
We review recent developments on the thermodynamics of black holes in extended phase space, where the cosmological constant is interpreted as thermodynamic pressure and treated as a thermodynamic variable in its own right. In this approach, the mass of the black hole is no longer regarded as internal energy, rather it is identified with the chemical enthalpy. This leads to an extended dictionary for black hole thermodynamic quantities, in particular a notion of thermodynamic volume emerges for a given black hole spacetime. This volume is conjectured to satisfy the reverse isoperimetric inequality - an inequality imposing a bound on the amount of entropy black hole can carry for a fixed thermodynamic volume. New thermodynamic phase transitions naturally emerge from these identifications. Namely, we show that black holes can be understood from the viewpoint of chemistry, in terms of concepts such as Van der Waals fluids, reentrant phase transitions, and triple points. We also review the recent attempts at exten...
Information Retention by Stringy Black Holes
AUTHOR|(CDS)2108556
2015-01-01
Building upon our previous work on two-dimensional stringy black holes and its extension to spherically-symmetric four-dimensional stringy black holes, we show how the latter retain information. A key r\\^ole is played by an infinite-dimensional $W_\\infty$ symmetry that preserves the area of an isolated black-hole horizon and hence its entropy. The exactly-marginal conformal world-sheet operator representing a massless stringy particle interacting with the black hole necessarily includes a contribution from $W_\\infty$ generators in its vertex function. This admixture manifests the transfer of information between the string black hole and external particles. We discuss different manifestations of $W_\\infty$ symmetry in black-hole physics and the connections between them.
Quantum Creation of a Black Hole
Chao, W Z
1997-01-01
Using the Hartle-Hawking no-boundary proposal for the wave function of the universe, we can study the wave function and probability of a single black hole created at the birth of the universe. The black hole originates from a constrained gravitational instanton with conical singularities. The wave function and probability of a universe with a black hole are calculated at the $WKB$ level. The probability of a black hole creation is the exponential of one quarter of the sum of areas of the black hole and cosmological horizons. One quarter of this sum is the total entropy of the universe. We show that these arguments apply to all kinds of black holes in the de Sitter space background.
Charge Fluctuations of an Uncharged Black Hole
Schiffer, Marcelo
2016-01-01
In this paper we calculate charge fluctuations of a Schwarzschild black-hole of mass $M$ confined within a perfectly reflecting cavity of radius R in thermal equilibrium with various species of radiation and fermions . Charge conservation is constrained by a Lagrange multiplier (the chemical potential). Black hole charge fluctuations are expected owing to continuous absorption and emission of particles by the black hole. For black holes much more massive than $10^{16} g$ , these fluctuations are exponentially suppressed. For black holes lighter than this, the Schwarzschild black hole is unstable under charge fluctuations for almost every possible size of the confining vessel. The stability regime and the fluctuations are calculated through the second derivative of the entropy with respect to the charge. The expression obtained contains many puzzling terms besides the expected thermodynamical fluctuations: terms corresponding to instabilities that do not depend on the specific value of charge of the charge car...
Stationary Configurations and Geodesic Description of Supersymmetric Black Holes
Käppeli, Jürg
2003-01-01
This thesis contains a detailed study of various properties of supersymmetric black holes. In chapter I an overview over some of the fascinating aspects of black hole physics is provided. In particular, the string theory approach to black hole entropy is discussed. One of the consequences of the str
Noncommutative Singular Black Holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, applying the method of coordinate coherent states to describe a noncommutative model of Vaidya black holes leads to an exact (t - r) dependence of solution in terms of the noncommutative parameter σ. In this setup, there is no black hole remnant at long times.
Noncommutative Singular Black Holes
Hamid Mehdipour, S.
2010-11-01
In this paper, applying the method of coordinate coherent states to describe a noncommutative model of Vaidya black holes leads to an exact (t — r) dependence of solution in terms of the noncommutative parameter σ. In this setup, there is no black hole remnant at long times.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kragh, Helge Stjernholm
2016-01-01
Review essay, Marcia Bartusiak, Black Hole: How an Idea Abandoned by Newtonians, Hated by Einstein, and Gambled On by Hawking Became Loved (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015).......Review essay, Marcia Bartusiak, Black Hole: How an Idea Abandoned by Newtonians, Hated by Einstein, and Gambled On by Hawking Became Loved (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015)....
Bousso, R.; Hawking, S. W.
1997-08-01
We summarise recent work on the quantum production of black holes in the inflationary era. We describe, in simple terms, the Euclidean approach used, and the results obtained both for the pair creation rate and for the evolution of the black holes.
Andersson, N
2000-01-01
This is a chapter on Black-hole Scattering that was commissioned for an Encyclopaedia on Scattering edited by Pike and Sabatier, to be published by Academic Press. The chapter surveys wave propagation in black-hole spacetimes, diffraction effects in wave scattering, resonances, quasinormal modes and related topics.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Koustubh Ajit Kabe
2012-09-01
In the following paper, certain black hole dynamic potentials have been developed definitively on the lines of classical thermodynamics. These potentials have been refined in view of the small differences in the equations of the laws of black hole dynamics as given by Bekenstein and those of thermodynamics. Nine fundamental black hole dynamical relations have been developed akin to the four fundamental thermodynamic relations of Maxwell. The specific heats , and , have been defined. For a black hole, these quantities are negative. The d equation has been obtained as an application of these fundamental relations. Time reversible processes observing constancy of surface gravity are considered and an equation connecting the internal energy of the black hole , the additional available energy defined as the first free energy function , and the surface gravity , has been obtained. Finally as a further application of the fundamental relations, it has been proved for a homogeneous gravitational field in black hole space times or a de Sitter black hole that $C_{\\Omega,\\Phi}-C_{J,Q}=\\kappa \\left[\\left(\\dfrac{\\partial J}{\\partial \\kappa}\\right)_{\\Omega,\\Phi}\\left(\\dfrac{\\partial \\Omega}{\\partial \\kappa}\\right)_{J,Q}+\\left(\\dfrac{\\partial Q}{\\partial \\kappa}\\right)_{\\Omega,\\Phi}\\left(\\dfrac{\\partial\\Phi}{\\partial \\kappa}\\right)_{J,Q}\\right]$. This is dubbed as the homogeneous fluid approximation in context of the black holes.
Kuchiev, M Yu
2003-01-01
Black holes are presumed to have an ideal ability to absorb and keep matter. Whatever comes close to the event horizon, a boundary separating the inside region of a black hole from the outside world, inevitably goes in and remains inside forever. This work shows, however, that quantum corrections make possible a surprising process, reflection: a particle can bounce back from the event horizon. For low energy particles this process is efficient, black holes behave not as holes, but as mirrors, which changes our perception of their physical nature. Possible ways for observations of the reflection and its relation to the Hawking radiation process are outlined.
Cardy-Verlinde Formula of Noncommutative Schwarzschild Black Hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Few years ago, Setare (2006) has investigated the Cardy-Verlinde formula of noncommutative black hole obtained by noncommutativity of coordinates. In this paper, we apply the same procedure to a noncommutative black hole obtained by the coordinate coherent approach. The Cardy-Verlinde formula is entropy formula of conformal field theory in an arbitrary dimension. It relates the entropy of conformal field theory to its total energy and Casimir energy. In this paper, we have calculated the total energy and Casimir energy of noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole and have shown that entropy of noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole horizon can be expressed in terms of Cardy-Verlinde formula
Some Unique Constants Associated with Extremal Black Holes
Sivaram, C; 10.1007/s10509-012-0983-z
2012-01-01
In recent papers we had developed a unified picture of black hole entropy and curvature which was shown to lead to Hawking radiation. It was shown that for any black hole mass, holography implies a phase space of just one quantum associated with the interior of the black hole. Here we study extremal rotating and charged black holes and obtain unique values for ratios of angular momentum to entropy, charge to entropy, etc. It turns out that these ratios can be expressed in terms of fundamental constants in nature, having analogies with other physical systems, like in condensed matter physics.
Cardy-Verlinde Formula of Noncommutative Schwarzschild Black Hole
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. Abbas
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Few years ago, Setare (2006 has investigated the Cardy-Verlinde formula of noncommutative black hole obtained by noncommutativity of coordinates. In this paper, we apply the same procedure to a noncommutative black hole obtained by the coordinate coherent approach. The Cardy-Verlinde formula is entropy formula of conformal field theory in an arbitrary dimension. It relates the entropy of conformal field theory to its total energy and Casimir energy. In this paper, we have calculated the total energy and Casimir energy of noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole and have shown that entropy of noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole horizon can be expressed in terms of Cardy-Verlinde formula.
Evolution of massive black holes
Volonteri, Marta
2007-01-01
Supermassive black holes are nowadays believed to reside in most local galaxies. Accretion of gas and black hole mergers play a fundamental role in determining the two parameters defining a black hole: mass and spin. I briefly review here some of the physical processes that are conducive to the evolution of the massive black hole population. I'll discuss black hole formation processes that are likely to place at early cosmic epochs, and how massive black hole evolve in a hierarchical Universe...
Hajdukovic, D
2006-01-01
We speculate about impact of antigravity (i.e. gravitational repulsion between matter and antimatter) on the creation and emission of particles by a black hole. If antigravity is present a black hole made of matter may radiate particles as a black body, but this shouldn't be true for antiparticles. It may lead to radical change of radiation process predicted by Hawking and should be taken into account in preparation of the attempt to create and study mini black holes at CERN. Gravity, including antigravity is more than ever similar to electrodynamics and such similarity with a successfully quantized interaction may help in quantization of gravity.
Ahn, Eun-Joo; Cavaglia, Marco
2003-01-01
Production of high-energy gravitational objects is a common feature of gravitational theories. The primordial universe is a natural setting for the creation of black holes and other nonperturbative gravitational entities. Cosmic black holes can be used to probe physical properties of the very early universe which would usually require the knowledge of the theory of quantum gravity. They may be the only tool to explore thermalisation of the early universe. Whereas the creation of cosmic black ...
Thermodynamical quantities around a RNAdS black hole
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Mi Li-Qin; Li Zhong-Heng
2006-01-01
The entropy density, energy density, pressure and equation of state around the RNAdS black hole are calculated in the WKB approximation on the Teukolsky-type master equation. The appearance of spin-dependent terms is demonstrated. The existence of these terms shows that the black hole radiation is not exactly thermal radiation and the black hole entropy is not strictly proportional to the area of the event horizon.
Kerr-Newman Black Holes with String Corrections
Charles, Anthony M.; Larsen, Finn
2016-01-01
We study $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity with higher-derivative corrections that preserve the $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetry and show that Kerr-Newman black holes are solutions to these theories. Modifications of the black hole entropy due to the higher derivatives are universal and apply even in the BPS and Schwarzschild limits. Our solutions and their entropy are greatly simplified by supersymmetry of the theory even though the black holes generally do not preserve any of the supersymmetry.
Smarr formula for Lovelock black holes: A Lagrangian approach
Liberati, Stefano; Pacilio, Costantino
2016-04-01
The mass formula for black holes can be formally expressed in terms of a Noether charge surface integral plus a suitable volume integral, for any gravitational theory. The integrals can be constructed as an application of Wald's formalism. We apply this formalism to compute the mass and the Smarr formula for static Lovelock black holes. Finally, we propose a new prescription for Wald's entropy in the case of Lovelock black holes, which takes into account topological contributions to the entropy functional.
Black hole spectroscopy from Loop Quantum Gravity models
Barrau, A.; Cao, Xiangyu; Noui, Karim; Perez, Alejandro
2015-01-01
Using Monte Carlo simulations, we compute the integrated emission spectra of black holes in the framework of Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG). The black hole emission rates are governed by the entropy whose value, in recent holographic loop quantum gravity models, was shown to agree at leading order with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. Quantum corrections depend on the Barbero-Immirzi parameter $\\gamma$. Starting with black holes of initial horizon area $A \\sim 10^2$ in Planck units, we present the...
Black hole thermodynamics and information loss in two dimensions
Fiola, T M; Strominger, A; Trivedi, S P; Thomas M Fiola; John Preskill; Andrew Strominger; Sandip P Trivedi
1994-01-01
Black hole evaporation is investigated in a (1+1)-dimensional model of quantum gravity. Quantum corrections to the black hole entropy are computed, and the fine-grained entropy of the Hawking radiation is studied. A generalized second law of thermodynamics is formulated, and shown to be valid under suitable conditions. It is also shown that, in this model, a black hole can consume an arbitrarily large amount of information.
CFT Duals for Accelerating Black Holes
Astorino, Marco
2016-01-01
The near horizon geometry of the rotating C-metric, describing accelerating Kerr-Newman black holes, is analysed. It is shown that, at extremality, even though not it is isomorphic to the extremal Kerr-Newman, it remains a warped and twisted product of $AdS_2 \\times S^2$. Therefore the methods of the Kerr/CFT correspondence can successfully be applied to build a CFT dual model, whose entropy reproduce, through the Cardy formula, the Beckenstein-Hawking entropy of the accelerating black hole. The mass of accelerating Kerr-Newman black hole, which fulfil the first law of thermodynamics, is presented. Further generalisation in presence of an external Melvin-like magnetic field, used to regularise the conical singularity characteristic of the C-metrics, shows that the Kerr/CFT correspondence can be applied also for the accelerating and magnetised extremal black holes.
CFT duals for accelerating black holes
Astorino, Marco
2016-09-01
The near horizon geometry of the rotating C-metric, describing accelerating Kerr-Newman black holes, is analysed. It is shown that, at extremality, even though it is not isomorphic to the extremal Kerr-Newman, it remains a warped and twisted product of AdS2 ×S2. Therefore the methods of the Kerr/CFT correspondence can successfully be applied to build a CFT dual model, whose entropy reproduces, through the Cardy formula, the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the accelerating black hole. The mass of accelerating Kerr-Newman black hole, which fulfils the first law of thermodynamics, is presented. Further generalisation in presence of an external Melvin-like magnetic field, used to regularise the conical singularity characteristic of the C-metrics, shows that the Kerr/CFT correspondence can be applied also for the accelerating and magnetised extremal black holes.
Hagedorn temperature and physics of black holes
Mertens, Thomas G; Zakharov, Valentin I
2016-01-01
A mini-review devoted to some implications of the Hagedorn temperature for black hole physics. The existence of a limiting temperature is a generic feature of string models. The Hagedorn temperature was introduced first in the context of hadronic physics. Nowadays, the emphasis is shifted to fundamental strings which might be a necessary ingredient to obtain a consistent theory of black holes. The point is that, in field theory, the local temperature close to the horizon could be arbitrarily high, and this observation is difficult to reconcile with the finiteness of the entropy of black holes. After preliminary remarks, we review our recent attempt to evaluate the entropy of large black holes in terms of fundamental strings. We also speculate on implications for dynamics of large-N gauge theories arising within holographic models.
Black holes in Born-Infeld extended new massive gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper we find different types of black holes for the Born-Infeld extended new massive gravity. Our solutions include (un)charged warped (anti-)de Sitter black holes for four and six derivative expanded action. We also look at the black holes in unexpanded Born-Infeld action. In each case we calculate the entropy, angular momentum and mass of the black holes. We also find the central charges for the conformal field theory duals.
ULTRAMASSIVE BLACK HOLE COALESCENCE
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Although supermassive black holes (SMBHs) correlate well with their host galaxies, there is an emerging view that outliers exist. Henize 2-10, NGC 4889, and NGC 1277 are examples of SMBHs at least an order of magnitude more massive than their host galaxy suggests. The dynamical effects of such ultramassive central black holes is unclear. Here, we perform direct N-body simulations of mergers of galactic nuclei where one black hole is ultramassive to study the evolution of the remnant and the black hole dynamics in this extreme regime. We find that the merger remnant is axisymmetric near the center, while near the large SMBH influence radius, the galaxy is triaxial. The SMBH separation shrinks rapidly due to dynamical friction, and quickly forms a binary black hole; if we scale our model to the most massive estimate for the NGC 1277 black hole, for example, the timescale for the SMBH separation to shrink from nearly a kiloparsec to less than a parsec is roughly 10 Myr. By the time the SMBHs form a hard binary, gravitational wave emission dominates, and the black holes coalesce in a mere few Myr. Curiously, these extremely massive binaries appear to nearly bypass the three-body scattering evolutionary phase. Our study suggests that in this extreme case, SMBH coalescence is governed by dynamical friction followed nearly directly by gravitational wave emission, resulting in a rapid and efficient SMBH coalescence timescale. We discuss the implications for gravitational wave event rates and hypervelocity star production
Geometric Product Formula for Charged Accelerating Black Hole
Pradhan, Parthapratim
2016-01-01
We evaluate the geometric product formula i.e. area (or entropy) product formula of outer horizon (${\\cal H}^{+}$) and inner horizon (${\\cal H}^{-}$) for charged accelerating black hole. We find that mass-independent area functional relation of ${\\cal H}^{\\pm}$ for this black hole in terms of black hole charge, acceleration, cosmological constant and \\emph{cosmic string tension} respectively. We also compute the \\emph{Penrose inequality} for this black hole. Finally we compute the specific heat for this BH to determine the local thermodynamic stability of this black hole. Under certain criterion the black hole displayed second order phase transition.
Identification of all dark matter as black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
For the universe I use dimensionless entropy S/k = ln Ω for which the most convenient unit is the googol (10100) and take all dark matter as black holes whereupon the present entropy is about a thousand googols independently of whether dark energy possesses entropy. While the energy of the universe has been established to be about 0.04 baryons, 0.24 dark matter and 0.72 dark energy, the cosmological entropy is almost entirely, about (1−10−15), from black holes and only 10−15 from everything else. This identification of all dark matter as black holes is natural in statistical mechanics
The quantum gravitational black hole is neither black nor white
Singh, T P; Vaz, Cenalo
2004-01-01
Understanding the end state of black hole evaporation, the microscopic origin of black hole entropy, the information loss paradox, and the nature of the singularity arising in gravitational collapse - these are outstanding challenges for any candidate quantum theory of gravity. Recently, a midisuperspace model of quantum gravitational collapse has been solved using a lattice regularization scheme. It is shown that the mass of an eternal black hole follows the Bekenstein spectrum, and a related argument provides a fairly accurate estimate of the entropy. The solution also describes a quantized mass-energy distribution around a central black hole, which in the WKB approximation, is precisely Hawking radiation. The leading quantum gravitational correction makes the spectrum non-thermal, thus providing a plausible resolution of the information loss problem.
Desperately Seeking Intermediate-Mass Black Holes
Frampton, Paul H.
2009-01-01
Observational searches for Intermediate Mass Black Holes (IMBHs), defined to have masses between 30 and 300,000 solar masses, provide limits which allow up to ten percent of what is presently identified as halo dark matter to be in the form of IMBHs. These concentrate entropy so efficiently that the halo contribution can be bigger than the core supermassive black hole. Formation of IMBHs is briefly discussed.
Noncommutative Solitonic Black Hole
Chang-Young, Ee; Lee, Daeho; Lee, Youngone
2012-01-01
We investigate solitonic black hole solutions in three dimensional noncommutative spacetime. We do this in gravity with negative cosmological constant coupled to a scalar field using the Moyal product expanded up to first order in the noncommutativity parameter in the two noncommutative spatial directions. By numerical simulation we look for black hole solutions by increasing the non- commutativity parameter value starting from regular solutions with vanishing noncommutativity. We find that even a regular soliton solution in the commutative case becomes a black hole solution when the noncommutativity parameter reaches a certain value.
Hayward, Sean Alan
2013-01-01
Black holes, once just fascinating theoretical predictions of how gravity warps space-time according to Einstein's theory, are now generally accepted as astrophysical realities, formed by post-supernova collapse, or as supermassive black holes mysteriously found at the cores of most galaxies, powering active galactic nuclei, the most powerful objects in the universe. Theoretical understanding has progressed in recent decades with a wider realization that local concepts should characterize black holes, rather than the global concepts found in textbooks. In particular, notions such as trapping h
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In the presence of a complex scalar field scalar–tensor theory allows for scalarized rotating hairy black holes. We exhibit the domain of existence for these scalarized black holes, which is bounded by scalarized rotating boson stars and hairy black holes of General Relativity. We discuss the global properties of these solutions. Like their counterparts in general relativity, their angular momentum may exceed the Kerr bound, and their ergosurfaces may consist of a sphere and a ring, i.e., form an ergo-Saturn
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kleihaus, Burkhard, E-mail: b.kleihaus@uni-oldenburg.de [Institut für Physik, Universität Oldenburg, Postfach 2503, D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Kunz, Jutta [Institut für Physik, Universität Oldenburg, Postfach 2503, D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Yazadjiev, Stoytcho [Department of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Physics, Sofia University, Sofia 1164 (Bulgaria)
2015-05-11
In the presence of a complex scalar field scalar–tensor theory allows for scalarized rotating hairy black holes. We exhibit the domain of existence for these scalarized black holes, which is bounded by scalarized rotating boson stars and hairy black holes of General Relativity. We discuss the global properties of these solutions. Like their counterparts in general relativity, their angular momentum may exceed the Kerr bound, and their ergosurfaces may consist of a sphere and a ring, i.e., form an ergo-Saturn.
Kleihaus, Burkhard; Yazadjiev, Stoytcho
2015-01-01
In the presence of a complex scalar field scalar-tensor theory allows for scalarized rotating hairy black holes. We exhibit the domain of existence for these scalarized black holes, which is bounded by scalarized rotating boson stars and ordinary hairy black holes. We discuss the global properties of these solutions. Like their counterparts in general relativity, their angular momentum may exceed the Kerr bound, and their ergosurfaces may consist of a sphere and a ring, i.e., form an ergo-Saturn.
Thermal atmosphere of a black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Black-hole atmospheres and their thermodynamic properties are explored quantitatively, using a membrane paradigm that includes a 3+1 formalism which splits space-time coordinates into a family of three-dimensional spacelike hypersurfaces and one-dimensional time. The means by which black holes retain their thermal atmosphere and avoid rapid evaporation are examined. Quantum mechanical probability distributions are presented for fiducial observers (FIDO) within a perfectly thermal atmosphere, and deviations from perfect thermality are discussed. Four types of modes of classical or quantized fields around a black hole are introduced (IN, UP, superradiant, and nonsuperradiant) and are used to describe interactions of the atmosphere with the external universe. Attention is also given to the statistical-mechanical origin of black-hole entropy, and a second law of thermodynamics is derived for a slowly evolving black hole using statistical-mechanics methods
Horava-Lifshitz Black Hole Hydrodynamics
Eling, Christopher
2014-01-01
We consider the holographic hydrodynamics of black holes in generally covariant gravity theories with a preferred time foliation. Gravitational perturbations in these theories have spin two and spin zero helicity modes with generically different speeds. The black hole solutions possess a spacelike causal boundary called the universal horizon. We relate the flux of the spin zero perturbation across the universal horizon to the new dissipative transport in Lifshitz field theory hydrodynamics found in arXiv:1304.7481. We construct in detail the hydrodynamics of one such black hole solution, and calculate the ratio of the shear viscosity to the entropy density.
BTZ black holes inspired by noncommutative geometry
Rahaman, Farook; Kuhfittig, P. K. F.; Bhui, B. C.; Rahaman, Mosiur; Ray, Saibal; Mondal, U. F.
2013-04-01
In this paper, a Bañados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole [Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1849 (1992)] is constructed from an exact solution of the Einstein field equations in a (2+1)—dimensional anti—de Sitter spacetime in the context of noncommutative geometry. The BTZ black hole turns out to have either two horizons, no horizon, or a single horizon corresponding to a minimal mass. Certain thermodynamical properties are investigated, including Hawking temperature, entropy, and heat capacity. Also discussed is the geodesic structure of BTZ black holes for both massless and massive particles. In particular, it is shown that bound orbits for test particles are possible.
BTZ black holes inspired by noncommutative geometry
Rahaman, Farook; Bhui, B C; Rahaman, Masiur; Ray, Saibal; Mondal, U F
2013-01-01
In this paper a Banados, Teitelboim and Zanelli (BTZ) black hole is constructed from an exact solution of the Einstein field equations in a (2+1)-dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetime in the context of noncommutative geometry. The BTZ black hole turns out to have two horizons, no horizon or a single horizon corresponding to a minimal mass. Certain thermodynamical properties are investigated, including Hawking temperature, entropy and heat capacity. Also discussed is the geodesic structure of BTZ black holes for both massless and massive particles. In particular, it is shown that bound orbits for test particles are possible.
On the thermodynamics of Lifshitz black holes
Devecioglu, Deniz Olgu
2011-01-01
We apply the recently extended conserved Killing charge definition of Abbott-Deser-Tekin formalism to compute, for the first time, the energies of analytic Lifshitz black holes in higher dimensions. We then calculate the temperature and the entropy of this large family of solutions and find that imposing the first law of black hole thermodynamics puts, sometimes severe, extra constraints on the allowed values of the dynamical exponent, which is a characteristic of these spacetimes. Separately, we also apply the generalized Killing charge definition to compute the energy and the angular momentum of the warped AdS_3 black hole solution of the three-dimensional New Massive Gravity theory.
Ruffini, Remo; Wheeler, John A.
1971-01-01
discusses the cosmology theory of a black hole, a region where an object loses its identity, but mass, charge, and momentum are conserved. Include are three possible formation processes, theorized properties, and three way they might eventually be detected. (DS)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this review we shall concentrate on the application of the concept of black hole to different areas in astrophysics. Models in which this idea is involved are connected with basically two areas in astrophysics: a) The death of massive stars due to gravitational collapse. This process would lead to the formation of black holes with stellar masses (10-20 M sun). The detection of these kind of - objects is in principle possible, by means of studying the so-called X-ray binary system. b) Active nuclei of galaxies, including quasars as an extreme case. In this case, the best model available to explain the generation of the enormous amounts of energy observed as well as several other properties, is accretion into a supermassive black hole (106-1010 M sun) in the center. The problem of the origin of such black holes is related to cosmology. (author)
Black hole statistics from holography
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the microstates of the 'small' black hole in the 1/2-BPS sector of AdS5 x S5, the superstar, using the powerful holographic description provided by LLM. The system demonstrates the inherently statistical nature of black holes, with the geometry presented elsewhere emerging only after averaging over an ensemble of geometries. The individual microstate geometries differ in the highly non-trivial topology of a quantum foam at their core, and the entropy can be understood as a partition of N units of flux among 5-cycles, as required by flux quantization. While the system offers confirmation of the most controversial aspect of Mathur and Lunin's recent 'fuzzball' proposal, we see signs of a discrepancy in interpreting its details
Topics in black hole evaporation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Two major aspects of particle creation by gravitational fields of black holes are studied: the neutrino emission from rotating black holes; and interactions between scalar particles emitted by a black hole. Neutrino emission is investigated under three topics: The asymmetry of the angular dependence of neutrino emission from rotating black holes; the production of a local matter excess by rotating black holes in a baryon symmetric universe; and cosmological magnetic field generation by neutrinos from evaporating black holes. Finally the author studies the effects of interactions on the black hole evaporation process
Stornaiolo, Cosimo
2001-01-01
In this paper we propose a model for the formation of the cosmological voids. We show that cosmological voids can form directly after the collapse of extremely large wavelength perturbations into low-density black holes or cosmological black holes (CBH). Consequently the voids are formed by the comoving expansion of the matter that surrounds the collapsed perturbation. It follows that the universe evolves, in first approximation, according to the Einstein-Straus cosmological model. We discuss...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
No particle theory can be complete without gravity. Einstein's theory of gravity is of the Euler-Lagrange form, but standard quantization procedure fails. In quantum gravity the higher order interactions have a dimensionality different form the fundamental ones, because Newton's constant G has dimensions and the renormalization procedure fails. Another problem with quantum gravity is even more mysterious. Suppose that we had regularized the gravitational forces at the small distance end in the way that the weak intermediate vector boson regularized the fundamental 4-fermion interaction vertex of the weak interactions. Then what we discover is that the gravitational forces are unstable. Given sufficiently large amount of matter, it can collapse under its own weight. Classical general relativity tells us what will happen: a black hole is formed. But how is this formulated in quantum theory. S. Hawking observed that when a field theory is quantized in the background metric of a black hole, the black hole actually emits particles in a completely random thermal way. Apparently black holes are just another form of matter unstable against Hawking decay. Unfortunately this picture cannot be complete. The problem is that the quantum version of black holes has infinite phase space, and other symptoms of a run-away solution. Black holes are the heaviest and most compact forms of matter that can be imagined. A complete particle theory can have nothing but a spectrum of black-hole like objects at it high-energy end. This is why it is believed that a resolution of the black hole problem will in time disclose the complete small-distance structure of our world. 6 references
Thermal corpuscular black holes
Casadio, Roberto; Giugno, Andrea; Orlandi, Alessio
2015-01-01
We study the corpuscular model of an evaporating black hole consisting of a specific quantum state for a large number $N$ of self-confined bosons. The single-particle spectrum contains a discrete ground state of energy $m$ (corresponding to toy gravitons forming the black hole), and a gapless continuous spectrum (to accommodate for the Hawking radiation with energy $\\omega>m$). Each constituent is in a superposition of the ground state and a Planckian distribution at the expected Hawking temp...
Black hole critical phenomena without black holes
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Steven L Liebling
2000-10-01
Studying the threshold of black hole formation via numerical evolution has led to the discovery of fascinating nonlinear phenomena. Power-law mass scaling, aspects of universality, and self-similarity have now been found for a large variety of models. However, questions remain. Here I brieﬂy review critical phenomena, discuss some recent results, and describe a model which demonstrates similar phenomena without gravity.
Holographic effective actions from black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Using the Wald's relation between the Noether charge of diffeomorphisms and the entropy for a generic spacetime possessing a bifurcation surface, we introduce a method to obtain a family of higher order derivatives effective actions from the entropy of black holes. We consider the entropy as the starting point and we analyze the procedure of derivation of the action functional. We specialize to a particular class of theories which simplifies the calculations, f(R) theories. We apply the procedure to loop quantum gravity and to a general class of log-corrected entropy formulas.
CFT Duals for Accelerating Black Holes
Astorino, Marco
2016-01-01
The near horizon geometry of the rotating C-metric, describing accelerating Kerr-Newman black holes, is analysed. It is shown that, at extremality, even though not it is isomorphic to the extremal Kerr-Newman, it remains a warped and twisted product of $AdS_2 \\times S^2$. Therefore the methods of the Kerr/CFT correspondence can successfully be applied to build a CFT dual model, whose entropy reproduce, through the Cardy formula, the Beckenstein-Hawking entropy of the accelerating black hole. ...
Babichev, Eugeny; Charmousis, Christos; Hassaine, Mokhtar
2015-05-01
We consider an Abelian gauge field coupled to a particular truncation of Horndeski theory. The Galileon field has translation symmetry and couples non minimally both to the metric and the gauge field. When the gauge-scalar coupling is zero the gauge field reduces to a standard Maxwell field. By taking into account the symmetries of the action, we construct charged black hole solutions. Allowing the scalar field to softly break symmetries of spacetime we construct black holes where the scalar field is regular on the black hole event horizon. Some of these solutions can be interpreted as the equivalent of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes of scalar tensor theories with a non trivial scalar field. A self tuning black hole solution found previously is extended to the presence of dyonic charge without affecting whatsoever the self tuning of a large positive cosmological constant. Finally, for a general shift invariant scalar tensor theory we demonstrate that the scalar field Ansatz and method we employ are mathematically compatible with the field equations. This opens up the possibility for novel searches of hairy black holes in a far more general setting of Horndeski theory.
Black holes and thermodynamics -- The first half century
Grumiller, Daniel; Salzer, Jakob
2014-01-01
Black hole thermodynamics emerged from the classical general relativistic laws of black hole mechanics, summarized by Bardeen-Carter-Hawking, together with the physical insights by Bekenstein about black hole entropy and the semi-classical derivation by Hawking of black hole evaporation. The black hole entropy law inspired the formulation of the holographic principle by 't Hooft and Susskind, which is famously realized in the gauge/gravity correspondence by Maldacena, Gubser-Klebanov-Polaykov and Witten within string theory. Moreover, the microscopic derivation of black hole entropy, pioneered by Strominger-Vafa within string theory, often serves as a consistency check for putative theories of quantum gravity. In this book chapter we review these developments over five decades, starting in the 1960ies.
Science Teacher, 2005
2005-01-01
Scientists using NASA's Swift satellite say they have found newborn black holes, just seconds old, in a confused state of existence. The holes are consuming material falling into them while somehow propelling other material away at great speeds. "First comes a blast of gamma rays followed by intense pulses of x-rays. The energies involved are much…
Cosmic censorship inside black holes
Thorlacius, L
2006-01-01
A simple argument is given that a traversable Cauchy horizon inside a black hole is incompatible with unitary black hole evolution. The argument assumes the validity of black hole complementarity and applies to a generic black hole carrying angular momentum and/or charge. In the second part of the paper we review recent work on the semiclassical geometry of two-dimensional charged black holes.
Bekenstein, Jacob D.
1997-01-01
In some respects the black hole plays the same role in gravitation that the atom played in the nascent quantum mechanics. This analogy suggests that black hole mass $M$ might have a discrete spectrum. I review the physical arguments for the expectation that black hole horizon area eigenvalues are uniformly spaced, or equivalently, that the spacing between stationary black hole mass levels behaves like 1/M. This sort of spectrum has also emerged in a variety of formal approaches to black hole ...
Constraints on the Generalized Uncertainty Principle from Black Hole Thermodynamics
Gangopadhyay, Sunandan; Faizal, Mir
2015-01-01
In this paper, we calculate the modification to the thermodynamics of a Schwarzschild black hole in higher dimensions because of Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP). We use the fact that the leading order corrections to the entropy of a black hole has to be logarithmic in nature to restrict the form of GUP. We observe that in six dimensions, the usual GUP produces the correct form for the leading order corrections to the entropy of a black hole. However, in five and seven dimensions a linear GUP, which is obtained by a combination of DSR with the usual GUP, is needed to produce the correct form of the corrections to the entropy of a black hole. Finally, we demonstrate that in five dimensions, a new form of GUP containing quadratic and cubic powers of the momentum also produces the correct form for the leading order corrections to the entropy of a black hole.
Thermodynamic Relations for Kiselev and Dilaton Black Hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the thermodynamics and phase transition for Kiselev black hole and dilaton black hole. Specifically we consider Reissner-Nordström black hole surrounded by radiation and dust and Schwarzschild black hole surrounded by quintessence, as special cases of Kiselev solution. We have calculated the products relating the surface gravities, surface temperatures, Komar energies, areas, entropies, horizon radii, and the irreducible masses at the Cauchy and the event horizons. It is observed that the product of surface gravities, product of surface temperature, and product of Komar energies at the horizons are not universal quantities for the Kiselev solutions while products of areas and entropies at both the horizons are independent of mass of the above-mentioned black holes (except for Schwarzschild black hole surrounded by quintessence). For charged dilaton black hole, all the products vanish. The first law of thermodynamics is also verified for Kiselev solutions. Heat capacities are calculated and phase transitions are observed, under certain conditions
On the evaporation and on other properties of black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
After a short discussion of the basic properties of black-hole physics, including the 'no-hair' theorems, the hypothesis of the 'cosmic censor' and the first and second law of black-hole dynamics, we proceed to the thermodynamics of black holes. The concepts of entropy and temperature of a black hole are explained and the generalized second law of black-hole dynamics is presented. We then discuss particle creation in the gravitational fields of black holes and their lifetime due to evaporation. After a digression on chaotic cosmology the possible formation of black holes in the carly universe is treated. Finally we discuss the last violent stages of the evaporation process of black holes and possible observational tests. A few remarks on white holes - though a totally different phenomenon - are included at the end for the sake of clarity. (orig.) 891 HK/orig. 892 MB
Statistical description of the black hole degeneracy spectrum
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We use mathematical methods based on generating functions to study the statistical properties of the black hole degeneracy spectrum in loop quantum gravity. In particular we will study the persistence of the observed effective quantization of the entropy as a function of the horizon area. We will show that this quantization disappears as the area increases despite the existence of black hole configurations with a large degeneracy. The methods that we describe here can be adapted to the study of the statistical properties of the black hole degeneracy spectrum for all the existing proposals to define black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity.
On black hole thermodynamics of 2-D type 0A
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present a detailed analysis of the thermodynamics of two dimensional black hole solutions to type 0A with q units of electric and magnetic flux. We compute the free energy and derived quantities such as entropy and mass for an arbitrary non-extremal black hole. The free energy is non-vanishing, in contrast to the case of dilatonic 2-d black holes without electric and magnetic fluxes. The entropy of the extremal black holes is obtained, and we find it to be proportional to q2, the square of the RR flux. We compare these thermodynamics quantities with those from candidate matrix model duals. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Introducing a black hole (BH) effective temperature, which takes into account both the non-strictly thermal character of Hawking radiation and the countable behavior of emissions of subsequent Hawking quanta, we recently re-analysed BH quasi-normal modes (QNMs) and interpreted them naturally in terms of quantum levels. In this work we improve such an analysis removing some approximations that have been implicitly used in our previous works and obtaining the corrected expressions for the formulas of the horizon's area quantization and the number of quanta of area and hence also for Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, its subleading corrections and the number of micro-states, i.e. quantities which are fundamental to realize the underlying quantum gravity theory, like functions of the QNMs quantum ''overtone'' number n and, in turn, of the BH quantum excited level. An approximation concerning the maximum value of n is also corrected. On the other hand, our previous results were strictly corrected only for scalar and gravitational perturbations. Here we show that the discussion holds also for vector perturbations. The analysis is totally consistent with the general conviction that BHs result in highly excited states representing both the ''hydrogen atom'' and the ''quasi-thermal emission'' in quantum gravity. Our BH model is somewhat similar to the semi-classical Bohr's model of the structure of a hydrogen atom. The thermal approximation of previous results in the literature is consistent with the results in this paper. In principle, such results could also have important implications for the BH information paradox. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Corda, Christian [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Advanced Mathematics (IFM) Einstein-Galilei, Prato (Italy); Istituto Universitario di Ricerca ' ' Santa Rita' ' , Prato (Italy); International Institute for Applicable Mathematics and Information Sciences (IIAMIS), Hyderabad (India)
2013-12-15
Introducing a black hole (BH) effective temperature, which takes into account both the non-strictly thermal character of Hawking radiation and the countable behavior of emissions of subsequent Hawking quanta, we recently re-analysed BH quasi-normal modes (QNMs) and interpreted them naturally in terms of quantum levels. In this work we improve such an analysis removing some approximations that have been implicitly used in our previous works and obtaining the corrected expressions for the formulas of the horizon's area quantization and the number of quanta of area and hence also for Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, its subleading corrections and the number of micro-states, i.e. quantities which are fundamental to realize the underlying quantum gravity theory, like functions of the QNMs quantum ''overtone'' number n and, in turn, of the BH quantum excited level. An approximation concerning the maximum value of n is also corrected. On the other hand, our previous results were strictly corrected only for scalar and gravitational perturbations. Here we show that the discussion holds also for vector perturbations. The analysis is totally consistent with the general conviction that BHs result in highly excited states representing both the ''hydrogen atom'' and the ''quasi-thermal emission'' in quantum gravity. Our BH model is somewhat similar to the semi-classical Bohr's model of the structure of a hydrogen atom. The thermal approximation of previous results in the literature is consistent with the results in this paper. In principle, such results could also have important implications for the BH information paradox. (orig.)
Hawking, S. W.
1996-03-01
One would expect spacetime to have a foamlike structure on the Planck scale with a very high topology. If spacetime is simply connected (which is assumed in this paper), the nontrivial homology occurs in dimension two, and spacetime can be regarded as being essentially the topological sum of S2×S2 and K3 bubbles. Comparison with the instantons for pair creation of black holes shows that the S2×S2 bubbles can be interpreted as closed loops of virtual black holes. It is shown that scattering in such topological fluctuations leads to loss of quantum coherence, or in other words, to a superscattering matrix S/ that does not factorize into an S matrix and its adjoint. This loss of quantum coherence is very small at low energies for everything except scalar fields, leading to the prediction that we may never observe the Higgs particle. Another possible observational consequence may be that the θ angle of QCD is zero without having to invoke the problematical existence of a light axion. The picture of virtual black holes given here also suggests that macroscopic black holes will evaporate down to the Planck size and then disappear in the sea of virtual black holes.
Babichev, Eugeny; Hassaine, Mokhtar
2015-01-01
We consider an Abelian gauge field coupled to a particular truncation of Horndeski theory. The Galileon field has translation symmetry and couples non minimally both to the metric and the gauge field. When the gauge-scalar coupling is zero the gauge field reduces to a standard Maxwell field. By taking into account the symmetries of the action, we construct charged black hole solutions. Allowing the scalar field to softly break symmetries of spacetime we construct black holes where the scalar field is regular on the black hole event horizon. Some of these solutions can be interpreted as the equivalent of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes of scalar tensor theories with a non trivial scalar field. A self tuning black hole solution found previously is extended to the presence of dyonic charge without affecting whatsoever the self tuning of a large positive cosmological constant. Finally, for a general shift invariant scalar tensor theory we demonstrate that the scalar field Ansatz and method we employ are mathematic...
Black holes in full quantum gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Quantum black holes have been studied extensively in quantum gravity and string theory, using various semiclassical or background-dependent approaches. We explore the possibility of studying black holes in the full non-perturbative quantum theory, without recurring to semiclassical considerations, and in the context of loop quantum gravity. We propose a definition of a quantum black hole as the collection of the quantum degrees of freedom that do not influence observables at infinity. From this definition, it follows that for an observer at infinity a black hole is described by an SU(2) intertwining operator. The dimension of the Hilbert space of such intertwiners grows exponentially with the horizon area. These considerations shed some light on the physical nature of the microstates contributing to the black hole entropy. In particular, it can be seen that the microstates being counted for the entropy have the interpretation of describing different horizon shapes. The space of black hole microstates described here is related to the one arrived at recently by Engle et al (2009, arXiv:0905.3168) and sometime ago by Smolin (1995, J. Math. Phys. 36 6417), but obtained here directly within the full quantum theory.
Quantum Tunneling in Black Holes
Majhi, Bibhas Ranjan
2011-01-01
This thesis is focussed towards the applications of the quantum tunneling mechanism to study black holes. Here we give a general frame work of the existing tunneling mechanism, both the radial null geodesic and Hamilton Jacobi methods. On the radial null geodesic method side, we study the modifications to the tunneling rate, Hawking temperature and the Bekenstein- Hawking area law by including the back reaction as well as non-commutative effects in the space-time. A reformulation of the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) method is first introduced. Based on this, a close connection between the quantum tunneling and the gravitational anomaly mechanisms to discuss Hawking effect, is put forwarded. An interesting advantage of this reformulated HJ method is that one can get directly the emission spectrum from the event horizon of the black hole, which was missing in the earlier literature. Also, the quantization of the entropy and area of a black hole is discussed in this method. Another part of the thesis is the introduction ...
Topological black holes in Horava-Lifshitz gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We find topological (charged) black holes whose horizon has an arbitrary constant scalar curvature 2k in Horava-Lifshitz theory. Without loss of generality, one may take k=1, 0, and -1. The black hole solution is asymptotically anti-de Sitter with a nonstandard asymptotic behavior. Using the Hamiltonian approach, we define a finite mass associated with the solution. We discuss the thermodynamics of the topological black holes and find that the black hole entropy has a logarithmic term in addition to an area term. We find a duality in Hawking temperature between topological black holes in Horava-Lifshitz theory and Einstein's general relativity: the temperature behaviors of black holes with k=1, 0, and -1 in Horava-Lifshitz theory are, respectively, dual to those of topological black holes with k=-1, 0, and 1 in Einstein's general relativity. The topological black holes in Horava-Lifshitz theory are thermodynamically stable.
Thermodynamic phase transition in the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gim, Yongwan; Kim, Wontae, E-mail: yongwan89@sogang.ac.kr, E-mail: wtkim@sogang.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea, Republic of)
2014-10-01
We study the thermodynamic phase transition in the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole where the metric depends on the energy of the test particle. Identifying the black hole temperature with the energy from the modified dispersion relation, we obtain the modified entropy and thermodynamic energy along with the modified local temperature in the cavity to provide well defined black hole states. It is found that apart from the conventional critical temperature related to Hawking-Page phase transition there appears an additional critical temperature which is of relevance to the existence of a locally stable tiny black hole; however, the off-shell free energy tells us that this black hole should eventually tunnel into the stable large black hole. Finally, we discuss the reason why the temperature near the horizon is finite in the rainbow black hole by employing the running gravitational coupling constant, whereas it is divergent near the horizon in the ordinary Schwarzschild black hole.
Thermodynamic phase transition in the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the thermodynamic phase transition in the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole where the metric depends on the energy of the test particle. Identifying the black hole temperature with the energy from the modified dispersion relation, we obtain the modified entropy and thermodynamic energy along with the modified local temperature in the cavity to provide well defined black hole states. It is found that apart from the conventional critical temperature related to Hawking-Page phase transition there appears an additional critical temperature which is of relevance to the existence of a locally stable tiny black hole; however, the off-shell free energy tells us that this black hole should eventually tunnel into the stable large black hole. Finally, we discuss the reason why the temperature near the horizon is finite in the rainbow black hole by employing the running gravitational coupling constant, whereas it is divergent near the horizon in the ordinary Schwarzschild black hole
Instability of black holes with a Gauss-Bonnet term
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ahn, Wha-Keun; Gwak, Bogeun; Lee, Wonwoo [Sogang University, Center for Quantum Spacetime, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Bum-Hoon [Sogang University, Center for Quantum Spacetime, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Sogang University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, Pohang (Korea, Republic of)
2015-08-15
We investigate the fragmentation instability of hairy black holes in the theory with a Gauss-Bonnet (GB) term in asymptotically flat spacetime. Our approach is through the non-perturbative fragmentation instability. By this approach, we investigate whether the initial black hole can be broken into two black holes by comparing the entropy of the initial black hole with the sum of those of two fragmented black holes. The relation between the black hole instability and the GB coupling with dilaton hair are presented. We describe the phase diagrams with respect to the mass of the black hole solutions and coupling constants. We find that a perturbatively stable black hole can be unstable under fragmentation. (orig.)
Instability of black holes with a Gauss-Bonnet term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the fragmentation instability of hairy black holes in the theory with a Gauss-Bonnet (GB) term in asymptotically flat spacetime. Our approach is through the non-perturbative fragmentation instability. By this approach, we investigate whether the initial black hole can be broken into two black holes by comparing the entropy of the initial black hole with the sum of those of two fragmented black holes. The relation between the black hole instability and the GB coupling with dilaton hair are presented. We describe the phase diagrams with respect to the mass of the black hole solutions and coupling constants. We find that a perturbatively stable black hole can be unstable under fragmentation. (orig.)
Yang, Huan; Zimmerman, Aaron; Lehner, Luis
2015-02-27
We demonstrate that rapidly spinning black holes can display a new type of nonlinear parametric instability-which is triggered above a certain perturbation amplitude threshold-akin to the onset of turbulence, with possibly observable consequences. This instability transfers from higher temporal and azimuthal spatial frequencies to lower frequencies-a phenomenon reminiscent of the inverse cascade displayed by (2+1)-dimensional fluids. Our finding provides evidence for the onset of transitory turbulence in astrophysical black holes and predicts observable signatures in black hole binaries with high spins. Furthermore, it gives a gravitational description of this behavior which, through the fluid-gravity duality, can potentially shed new light on the remarkable phenomena of turbulence in fluids. PMID:25768746
Centrella, Joan
2012-01-01
The final merger of two black holes is expected to be the strongest source of gravitational waves for both ground-based detectors such as LIGO and VIRGO, as well as future. space-based detectors. Since the merger takes place in the regime of strong dynamical gravity, computing the resulting gravitational waveforms requires solving the full Einstein equations of general relativity on a computer. For many years, numerical codes designed to simulate black hole mergers were plagued by a host of instabilities. However, recent breakthroughs have conquered these instabilities and opened up this field dramatically. This talk will focus on.the resulting 'gold rush' of new results that is revealing the dynamics and waveforms of binary black hole mergers, and their applications in gravitational wave detection, testing general relativity, and astrophysics
Yang, Huan; Lehner, Luis
2014-01-01
We show that rapidly-spinning black holes can display turbulent gravitational behavior which is mediated by a new type of parametric instability. This instability transfers energy from higher temporal and azimuthal spatial frequencies to lower frequencies--- a phenomenon reminiscent of the inverse energy cascade displayed by 2+1-dimensional turbulent fluids. Our finding reveals a path towards gravitational turbulence for perturbations of rapidly-spinning black holes, and provides the first evidence for gravitational turbulence in an asymptotically flat spacetime. Interestingly, this finding predicts observable gravitational wave signatures from such phenomena in black hole binaries with high spins and gives a gravitational description of turbulence relevant to the fluid-gravity duality.
Yang, Huan; Zimmerman, Aaron; Lehner, Luis
2015-02-01
We demonstrate that rapidly spinning black holes can display a new type of nonlinear parametric instability—which is triggered above a certain perturbation amplitude threshold—akin to the onset of turbulence, with possibly observable consequences. This instability transfers from higher temporal and azimuthal spatial frequencies to lower frequencies—a phenomenon reminiscent of the inverse cascade displayed by (2 +1 )-dimensional fluids. Our finding provides evidence for the onset of transitory turbulence in astrophysical black holes and predicts observable signatures in black hole binaries with high spins. Furthermore, it gives a gravitational description of this behavior which, through the fluid-gravity duality, can potentially shed new light on the remarkable phenomena of turbulence in fluids.
Evaporation of a black hole off of a tense brane
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We calculate the greybody factors for scalar, vector and graviton fields in the background of an exact black hole localized on a tensional 3-brane in a world with two large extra dimensions. Finite brane tension modifies the standard results for the case with of a black hole on a brane with negligible tension. For a black hole of a fixed mass, the power carried away into the bulk diminishes as the tension increases, because the effective Planck constant, and therefore entropy of a fixed mass black hole, increase. In this limit, the semiclassical description of black hole decay becomes more reliable
Minimal Cycles, Black Holes and QFT's
Vafa, Cumrun
1998-01-01
We review some aspects of minimal cycles in string compactifications and their role in constructing new critical theories in six and lower dimensions as well as in accounting for black hole entropy. (Based on a talk presented at the Salam Memorial Meeting, the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics, Fall 1997)
Looking for Intermediate-Mass Black Holes
Frampton, Paul H.
2009-01-01
A discussion of the entropy of the universe leads to the suggestion of very many intermediate-mass black holes between thirty and three hundred thousand solar masses in the halo. It is consistent with observations on wide binaries as well as microlensing and considerations of disk stability that such IMBHs constitute all cold dark matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The 'no-hair' theorem, a key result in general relativity, states that an isolated black hole is defined by only three parameters: mass, angular momentum, and electric charge; this asymptotic state is reached on a light-crossing time scale. We find that the no-hair theorem is not formally applicable for black holes formed from the collapse of a rotating neutron star. Rotating neutron stars can self-produce particles via vacuum breakdown forming a highly conducting plasma magnetosphere such that magnetic field lines are effectively ''frozen in'' the star both before and during collapse. In the limit of no resistivity, this introduces a topological constraint which prohibits the magnetic field from sliding off the newly-formed event horizon. As a result, during collapse of a neutron star into a black hole, the latter conserves the number of magnetic flux tubes NB=eΦ∞/(πc(ℎ/2π)), where Φ∞≅2π2BNSRNS3/(PNSc) is the initial magnetic flux through the hemispheres of the progenitor and out to infinity. We test this theoretical result via 3-dimensional general relativistic plasma simulations of rotating black holes that start with a neutron star dipole magnetic field with no currents initially present outside the event horizon. The black hole's magnetosphere subsequently relaxes to the split-monopole magnetic field geometry with self-generated currents outside the event horizon. The dissipation of the resulting equatorial current sheet leads to a slow loss of the anchored flux tubes, a process that balds the black hole on long resistive time scales rather than the short light-crossing time scales expected from the vacuum no-hair theorem.
Noncommutative solitonic black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate solitonic black hole solutions in three-dimensional noncommutative spacetime. We do this in gravity with a negative cosmological constant coupled to a scalar field. Noncommutativity is realized with the Moyal product which is expanded up to first order in the noncommutativity parameter in two spatial directions. With numerical simulation we study the effect of noncommutativity by increasing the value of the noncommutativity parameter starting from commutative solutions. We find that even a regular soliton solution in the commutative case becomes a black hole solution when the noncommutativity parameter reaches a certain value. (paper)
Noncommutative solitonic black hole
Chang-Young, Ee; Kimm, Kyoungtae; Lee, Daeho; Lee, Youngone
2012-05-01
We investigate solitonic black hole solutions in three-dimensional noncommutative spacetime. We do this in gravity with a negative cosmological constant coupled to a scalar field. Noncommutativity is realized with the Moyal product which is expanded up to first order in the noncommutativity parameter in two spatial directions. With numerical simulation we study the effect of noncommutativity by increasing the value of the noncommutativity parameter starting from commutative solutions. We find that even a regular soliton solution in the commutative case becomes a black hole solution when the noncommutativity parameter reaches a certain value.
Hennigar, Robie A; Tjoa, Erickson
2016-01-01
We present what we believe is the first example of a "$\\lambda$-line" phase transition in black hole thermodynamics. This is a line of (continuous) second order phase transitions which in the case of liquid $^4$He marks the onset of superfluidity. The phase transition occurs for a class of asymptotically AdS hairy black holes in Lovelock gravity where a real scalar field is conformally coupled to gravity. We discuss the origin of this phase transition and outline the circumstances under which it (or generalizations of it) could occur.
Hawking, Stephen W.
1995-01-01
One would expect spacetime to have a foam-like structure on the Planck scale with a very high topology. If spacetime is simply connected (which is assumed in this paper), the non-trivial homology occurs in dimension two, and spacetime can be regarded as being essentially the topological sum of $S^2\\times S^2$ and $K3$ bubbles. Comparison with the instantons for pair creation of black holes shows that the $S^2\\times S^2$ bubbles can be interpreted as closed loops of virtual black holes. It is ...
Aarseth, Sverre J
2007-01-01
We describe efforts over the last six years to implement regularization methods suitable for studying one or more interacting black holes by direct N-body simulations. Three different methods have been adapted to large-N systems: (i) Time-Transformed Leapfrog, (ii) Wheel-Spoke, and (iii) Algorithmic Regularization. These methods have been tried out with some success on GRAPE-type computers. Special emphasis has also been devoted to including post-Newtonian terms, with application to moderately massive black holes in stellar clusters. Some examples of simulations leading to coalescence by gravitational radiation will be presented to illustrate the practical usefulness of such methods.
Characterizing Black Hole Mergers
Baker, John; Boggs, William Darian; Kelly, Bernard
2010-01-01
Binary black hole mergers are a promising source of gravitational waves for interferometric gravitational wave detectors. Recent advances in numerical relativity have revealed the predictions of General Relativity for the strong burst of radiation generated in the final moments of binary coalescence. We explore features in the merger radiation which characterize the final moments of merger and ringdown. Interpreting the waveforms in terms of an rotating implicit radiation source allows a unified phenomenological description of the system from inspiral through ringdown. Common features in the waveforms allow quantitative description of the merger signal which may provide insights for observations large-mass black hole binaries.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Futterman, J.A.H.; Handler, F.A.; Matzner, R.A.
1987-01-01
This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the propagation of waves in the presence of black holes. While emphasizing intuitive physical thinking in their treatment of the techniques of analysis of scattering, the authors also include chapters on the rigorous mathematical development of the subject. Introducing the concepts of scattering by considering the simplest, scalar wave case of scattering by a spherical (Schwarzschild) black hole, the book then develops the formalism of spin weighted spheroidal harmonics and of plane wave representations for neutrino, electromagnetic, and gravitational scattering. Details and results of numerical computations are given. The techniques involved have important applications (references are given) in acoustical and radar imaging.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the propagation of waves in the presence of black holes. While emphasizing intuitive physical thinking in their treatment of the techniques of analysis of scattering, the authors also include chapters on the rigorous mathematical development of the subject. Introducing the concepts of scattering by considering the simplest, scalar wave case of scattering by a spherical (Schwarzschild) black hole, the book then develops the formalism of spin weighted spheroidal harmonics and of plane wave representations for neutrino, electromagnetic, and gravitational scattering. Details and results of numerical computations are given. The techniques involved have important applications (references are given) in acoustical and radar imaging
Good, Michael R R
2014-01-01
A $(3+1)$-dimensional asymptotically flat Kerr black hole angular speed $\\Omega_+$ can be used to define an effective spring constant, $k=m\\Omega_+^2$. Its maximum value is the Schwarzschild surface gravity, $k = \\kappa $, which rapidly weakens as the black hole spins down and the temperature increases. The Hawking temperature is expressed in terms of the spring constant: $2\\pi T = \\kappa - k$. Hooke's law, in the extremal limit, provides the force $F = 1/4$, which is consistent with the conjecture of maximum force in general relativity.
Horndeski black hole geodesics
Tretyakova, D A
2016-01-01
We examine geodesics for the scalar-tensor black holes in the Horndeski-Galileon framework. Our analysis shows that first kind relativistic orbits may not be present within some model parameters range. This is a highly pathological behavior contradicting to the black hole accretion and Solar System observations. We also present a new (although very similar to those previously known) solution, which contains the orbits we expect from a compact object, admits regular scalar field at the horizon and and can fit into the known stability criteria.
Superconformal Quantum Mechanics of Small Black Holes
Kim, S; Kim, Seok; Raeymaekers, Joris
2005-01-01
Recently, Gaiotto, Strominger and Yin have proposed a holographic dual description for the near-horizon physics of certain N=2 black holes in terms of the superconformal quantum mechanics on D0-branes in the attractor geometry. We provide further evidence for their proposal by applying it to the case of `small' black holes which have vanishing horizon area in the leading supergravity approximation. We consider 2-charge black holes in type IIA on $T^2 \\times M$, where $M$ can be either $K_3$ or $T^4$, made up out of D0-branes and D4-branes wrapping $M$. We construct the corresponding superconformal quantum mechanics and show that the asymptotic growth of chiral primaries exactly matches with the known entropy of these black holes. The state-counting problem reduces to counting lowest Landau levels on $T^2$ and Dolbeault cohomology classes on $M$.
The fuzzball proposal for black holes
Skenderis, Kostas
2008-01-01
The fuzzball proposal states that associated with a black hole of entropy S there are exp S horizon-free non-singular solutions that asymptotically look like the black hole but generically differ from the black hole up to the horizon scale. These solutions, the fuzzballs, are considered to be the black hole microstates while the original black hole represents the average description of the system. The purpose of this report is to review current evidence for the fuzzball proposal, emphasizing the use of AdS/CFT methods in developing and testing the proposal. In particular, we discuss the status of the proposal for 2 and 3 charge black holes in the D1-D5 system, presenting new derivations and streamlining the discussion of their properties. Results to date support the fuzzball proposal but further progress is likely to require going beyond the supergravity approximation and sharpening the definition of a ``stringy fuzzball''. We outline how the fuzzball proposal could resolve longstanding issues in black hole p...
The fuzzball proposal for black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The fuzzball proposal states that associated with a black hole of entropy S, there are expShorizon-free non-singular solutions that asymptotically look like the black hole but generically differ from the black hole up to the horizon scale. These solutions, the fuzzballs, are considered to be the black hole microstates, while the original black hole represents the average description of the system. The purpose of this report is to review current evidence for the fuzzball proposal, emphasizing the use of AdS/CFT methods in developing and testing the proposal. In particular, we discuss the status of the proposal for 2 and 3 charge black holes in the D1-D5 system, presenting new derivations and streamlining the discussion of their properties. Results to date support the fuzzball proposal, but further progress is likely to require going beyond the supergravity approximation and sharpening the definition of a 'stringy fuzzball'. We outline how the fuzzball proposal could resolve longstanding issues in black hole physics, such as Hawking radiation and information loss. Our emphasis throughout is on connecting different developments and identifying open problems and directions for future research
Horowitz, Gary T.; Maldacena, Juan
2003-01-01
We propose that in quantum gravity one needs to impose a final state boundary condition at black hole singularities. This resolves the apparent contradiction between string theory and semiclassical arguments over whether black hole evaporation is unitary.
Quantum aspects of black holes
2015-01-01
Beginning with an overview of the theory of black holes by the editor, this book presents a collection of ten chapters by leading physicists dealing with the variety of quantum mechanical and quantum gravitational effects pertinent to black holes. The contributions address topics such as Hawking radiation, the thermodynamics of black holes, the information paradox and firewalls, Monsters, primordial black holes, self-gravitating Bose-Einstein condensates, the formation of small black holes in high energetic collisions of particles, minimal length effects in black holes and small black holes at the Large Hadron Collider. Viewed as a whole the collection provides stimulating reading for researchers and graduate students seeking a summary of the quantum features of black holes.
Lyutikov, Maxim; McKinney, Jonathan C.
2011-10-01
The “no-hair” theorem, a key result in general relativity, states that an isolated black hole is defined by only three parameters: mass, angular momentum, and electric charge; this asymptotic state is reached on a light-crossing time scale. We find that the no-hair theorem is not formally applicable for black holes formed from the collapse of a rotating neutron star. Rotating neutron stars can self-produce particles via vacuum breakdown forming a highly conducting plasma magnetosphere such that magnetic field lines are effectively “frozen in” the star both before and during collapse. In the limit of no resistivity, this introduces a topological constraint which prohibits the magnetic field from sliding off the newly-formed event horizon. As a result, during collapse of a neutron star into a black hole, the latter conserves the number of magnetic flux tubes NB=eΦ∞/(πcℏ), where Φ∞≈2π2BNSRNS3/(PNSc) is the initial magnetic flux through the hemispheres of the progenitor and out to infinity. We test this theoretical result via 3-dimensional general relativistic plasma simulations of rotating black holes that start with a neutron star dipole magnetic field with no currents initially present outside the event horizon. The black hole’s magnetosphere subsequently relaxes to the split-monopole magnetic field geometry with self-generated currents outside the event horizon. The dissipation of the resulting equatorial current sheet leads to a slow loss of the anchored flux tubes, a process that balds the black hole on long resistive time scales rather than the short light-crossing time scales expected from the vacuum no-hair theorem.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
邓昭镜
2012-01-01
试探地通过相空间理论计算稳定黑洞在其形成过程中相体积的变化来直接分析黑洞在其形成过程中熵的演化.结果发现,按照这一思路能有效地研究黑洞形成过程中的熵演化规律.%In this paper, the changes in phase volume during the formation of stationary black holes are calculated, using the theory of phase space, so as to analyze the entropy evolution in the process of their formation. We find that this approach is helpful for the study of the evolution of entropy of black holes during their formation.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bouhmadi-Lopez, Mariam; Cardoso, Vitor; Nerozzi, Andrea; Rocha, Jorge V, E-mail: mariam.bouhmadi@ist.utl.pt, E-mail: vitor.cardoso@ist.utl.pt, E-mail: andrea.nerozzi@ist.utl.pt, E-mail: jorge.v.rocha@ist.utl.pt [CENTRA, Department de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049 Lisboa (Portugal)
2011-09-22
A possible process to destroy a black hole consists on throwing point particles with sufficiently large angular momentum into the black hole. In the case of Kerr black holes, it was shown by Wald that particles with dangerously large angular momentum are simply not captured by the hole, and thus the event horizon is not destroyed. Here we reconsider this gedanken experiment for black holes in higher dimensions. We show that this particular way of destroying a black hole does not succeed and that Cosmic Censorship is preserved.
Exact solutions of higher dimensional black holes
Tomizawa, Shinya
2011-01-01
We review exact solutions of black holes in higher dimensions, focusing on asymptotically flat black hole solutions and Kaluza-Klein type black hole solutions. We also summarize some properties which such black hole solutions reveal.
Black Hole Evaporation. A Survey
Benachenhou, Farid
1994-01-01
This thesis is a review of black hole evaporation with emphasis on recent results obtained for two dimensional black holes. First, the geometry of the most general stationary black hole in four dimensions is described and some classical quantities are defined. Then, a derivation of the spectrum of the radiation emitted during the evaporation is presented. In section four, a two dimensional model which has black hole solutions is introduced, the so-called CGHS model. These two dimensional blac...
Black Hole: The Interior Spacetime
Ong, Yen Chin
2016-01-01
The information loss paradox is often discussed from the perspective of the observers who stay outside of a black hole. However, the interior spacetime of a black hole can be rather nontrivial. We discuss the open problems regarding the volume of a black hole, and whether it plays any role in information storage. We also emphasize the importance of resolving the black hole singularity, if one were to resolve the information loss paradox.
Connecting horizon pixels and interior voxels of a black hole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper we discuss to what extent one can infer details of the interior structure of a black hole based on its horizon. Recalling that black hole thermal properties are connected to the non-classical nature of gravity, we circumvent the restrictions of the no-hair theorem by postulating that the black hole interior is singularity free due to violations of the usual energy conditions. Further these conditions allow one to establish a one-to-one, holographic projection between Planckian areal “bits” on the horizon and “voxels”, representing the gravitational degrees of freedom in the black hole interior. We illustrate the repercussions of this idea by discussing an example of the black hole interior consisting of a de Sitter core postulated to arise from the local graviton quantum vacuum energy. It is shown that the black hole entropy can emerge as the statistical entropy of a gas of voxels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the structure of the steady-state force-free magnetosphere around a Kerr black hole in various astrophysical settings. The solution Ψ(r, θ) depends on the distributions of the magnetic field line angular velocity ω(Ψ) and the poloidal electric current I(Ψ). These are obtained self-consistently as eigenfunctions that allow the solution to smoothly cross the two singular surfaces of the problem, the inner light surface inside the ergosphere, and the outer light surface, which is the generalization of the pulsar light cylinder. Magnetic field configurations that cross both singular surfaces (e.g., monopole, paraboloidal) are uniquely determined. Configurations that cross only one light surface (e.g., the artificial case of a rotating black hole embedded in a vertical magnetic field) are degenerate. We show that, similar to pulsars, black hole magnetospheres naturally develop an electric current sheet that potentially plays a very important role in the dissipation of black hole rotational energy and in the emission of high-energy radiation.
Baker, John
2010-01-01
Among the fascinating phenomena predicted by General Relativity, Einstein's theory of gravity, black holes and gravitational waves, are particularly important in astronomy. Though once viewed as a mathematical oddity, black holes are now recognized as the central engines of many of astronomy's most energetic cataclysms. Gravitational waves, though weakly interacting with ordinary matter, may be observed with new gravitational wave telescopes, opening a new window to the universe. These observations promise a direct view of the strong gravitational dynamics involving dense, often dark objects, such as black holes. The most powerful of these events may be merger of two colliding black holes. Though dark, these mergers may briefly release more energy that all the stars in the visible universe, in gravitational waves. General relativity makes precise predictions for the gravitational-wave signatures of these events, predictions which we can now calculate with the aid of supercomputer simulations. These results provide a foundation for interpreting expect observations in the emerging field of gravitational wave astronomy.
Black Holes in Higher Dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In four space-time dimensions black holes of Einstein-Maxwell theory satisfy a number of theorems. In more than four space-time dimensions, however, some of the properties of black holes can change. In particular, uniqueness of black holes no longer holds. In five and more dimensions black rings arise. Thus in a certain region of the phase diagram there are three black objects with the same global charges present. Here we discuss properties of higher-dimensional vacuum and charged black holes, which possess a spherical horizon topology, and of vacuum and charged black rings, which have a ringlike horizon topology
Asymptotically Lifshitz brane-world black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of a RSII brane-world scenario, taking into account the effects of the extra dimension through the contribution of the electric part of the Weyl tensor. We study the thermodynamical behavior of such asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. It is shown that the entropy imposes the critical exponent z to be bounded from above. This maximum value of z corresponds to a positive infinite entropy as long as the temperature is kept positive. The stability and phase transition for different spatial topologies are also discussed. - Highlights: ► Studying the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of brane-world scenario. ► Studying the thermodynamical behavior of asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. ► Showing that the entropy imposes the critical exponent z to be bounded from above. ► Discussing the phase transition for different spatial topologies.
Warped products and black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We apply the warped product space-time scheme to the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black holes and the Reissner-Nordstroem-anti-de Sitter black hole to investigate their interior solutions in terms of warped products. It is shown that there exist no discontinuities of the Ricci and Einstein curvatures across event horizons of these black holes
Warped products and black holes
Hong, S T
2005-01-01
We apply the warped product spacetime scheme to the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black holes and the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-anti-de Sitter black hole to investigate their interior solutions in terms of warped products. It is shown that there exist no discontinuities of the Ricci and Einstein curvatures across event horizons of these black holes.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bender, P. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Bloom, E. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Cominsky, L. [Sonoma State Univ., Rohnert Park, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy] [and others
1995-07-01
Black-hole astrophysics is not just the investigation of yet another, even if extremely remarkable type of celestial body, but a test of the correctness of the understanding of the very properties of space and time in very strong gravitational fields. Physicists` excitement at this new prospect for testing theories of fundamental processes is matched by that of astronomers at the possibility to discover and study a new and dramatically different kind of astronomical object. Here the authors review the currently known ways that black holes can be identified by their effects on their neighborhood--since, of course, the hole itself does not yield any direct evidence of its existence or information about its properties. The two most important empirical considerations are determination of masses, or lower limits thereof, of unseen companions in binary star systems, and measurement of luminosity fluctuations on very short time scales.
星系内黑洞形成过程的熵演化%The Evolution of Entropy in the Process of Black Hole Formation in Nebulae/Galaxies
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
邓昭镜; 陈华林
2012-01-01
In this paper, the process of black hole formation in nebulae is divided into two stages (phases), one is called "arrangement process" and the other is called "impact radiation process". A detailed analysis is given of the evolution of the entropy of nebula (or the broad-sense entropy of black hole) at the two phases from the respect of the thermodynamics, the gravitational field and the quantum radiation. It is concluded that the process of the formation of any black hole in the nebula is an entropy-decrease process.%将星系中黑洞的形成过程分为两个阶段:第一个阶段是有序化的“整肃”阶段,第二个阶段是无序化的“撞击”阶段.从热力学角度和引力场论、量子辐射的角度详细地分析了这两个阶段中星系系统熵(黑洞广义熵)的演化,得出星系中黑洞的形成过程是一个熵减少过程的结论.
Kerr black hole in canonically deformed space-time
Daszkiewicz, Marcin
2014-01-01
We investigate the Kerr black hole defined on canonically deformed space-time. Particulary, we find the corresponding event horizon, the ergosphere, the temperature and the entropy of such deformed object.
N=2 Extremal Black Holes and Intersecting Branes
Maldacena, Juan M.
1996-01-01
Using a simple hypothesis about the degrees of freedom of intersecting branes we find a microscopic counting argument that reproduces the entropy of a class of BPS black holes of type IIA string theory on general Calabi Yau three folds.
Scale-Invariant Rotating Black Holes in Quadratic Gravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Guido Cognola
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Black hole solutions in pure quadratic theories of gravity are interesting since they allow the formulation of a set of scale-invariant thermodynamics laws. Recently, we have proven that static scale-invariant black holes have a well-defined entropy, which characterizes equivalent classes of solutions. In this paper, we generalize these results and explore the thermodynamics of rotating black holes in pure quadratic gravity.
Non-supersymmetric Black Holes and Topological Strings
Saraikin, Kirill; Vafa, C.
2007-01-01
We study non-supersymmetric, extremal 4 dimensional black holes which arise upon compactification of type II superstrings on Calabi-Yau threefolds. We propose a generalization of the OSV conjecture for higher derivative corrections to the non-supersymmetric black hole entropy, in terms of the one parameter refinement of topological string introduced by Nekrasov. We also study the attractor mechanism for non-supersymmetric black holes and show how the inverse problem of fixing charges in terms...